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Full text of "A complete dictionary of synonyms and antonyms ... with an appendix embracing a dictionary of Briticisms, Americanisms, colloquial phrases, etc"

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Embracing a Dictionary of Briticisms, Americanisms, Colloquinl Phrases, 

etc., in current use ; the Grammatical Uses of Prepositions and 

Prepositions Discriminated; a List of Homonyms und Ilomo- 

phonons Words ; a Collection of Foreign FLrases, 

and a Completa List of Abbreviations and 

Contractions used in Writing 

ana Printing. 


L,ato Professor elect of Logic and Rhetoric in the University of Wisconsin, late 
Superintendent of Public Instruction State of Wisconsin, Ei-Presiaent 
Illinois Wesleyan University, Member of tho Philosophical 
Society of Great Britain, author of "The Sup- 
plemental Dictionary," "Hand Book 
of Abbreviations," &c. 

/? . to. si 

New York : Chicago : Toronto 

Fleming H. Revell Company 
London and Edinburgh 


UOPYRIGHT 1S83-1886, 1898, 


This work is designed to aid students, literary men, public 
speakers and others, in finding the best word to express the 
thought they wish to convey. 

The author believes that the Antonyms will be of as great 
assistance in furnishing words of opposite meaning as the 
Synonyms in supplying synonymous words. 

The special works of Roget, Soule, Skeats, Campbell, 
Archdeacon Smith, etc., and the various standard dic- 
tionaries, have been laid under contribution for this work. 

For the solution of -Cross Word Puzzles special attention 
is called also to the lists of Americanisms and Briticisms and 
the immensely valuable table of Homonyms (words spelt 
alike but differing in use) original features of easily 
recognized importance. 



ABACK. SYN. Backwards, rearwards, 
aft, abaft, astern, behind, back. 

ANT. Onwards, forwards, ahead, be- 
fore, afront, beyond, afore. 
Abandon. SYN. Leave, forsake, de- 
sert, renounce, cease, relinquish, dis- 
continue, cast off, resign, retire, quit, 
1 forego, forswear, depart from, vacate, 
surrender, abjure, repudiate. 

ANT. Pursue, prosecute, undertake, 
seek, court, cherish, favor, protect, 
claim, maintain, defend, advocate, re- 
tain, support, uphold, occupy, haunt, 
hold, assert, vindicate, keep. 
Abandoned. SYN. Profligate, wick- 
ed, vicious, unprincipled, reprobate, 
incorrigible, sinful, graceless, demor- 
alized, dissolute, depraved, bad, licen- 
tious, corrupt. 

ANT. Virtuous, conacientious, cor- 
rect, upright, worthy, righteous, self- 
controlled, high-principled, steady, 

Abase. SYN. Degrade, disgrace, bring 
low, reduce, humble, demean, stoop, 
humiliate, depress, lower, sink, dis- 

ANT. Promote, exalt, honor, raise, 
elevate, dignify, aggrandize. 
Abasement. SYN. Degradation, de- 
pression, disgrace, humiliation, ab- 
jection, dishonor, shame. 

ANT. Promotion, elevation, honor, 
exaltation, dignity, aggrandizement. 
Abash. SYN. Confound, confuse, dis- 
compose, bewilder, daunt, cow, hum- 

ble, disconcert, dishearten, moitlty, 
shame, humiliate. 

ANT. Countenance, cheer, uphold, 
encourage, rally, inspirit, animate, in- 
cite, embolden, abet, buoy. 

Abate. SYN. Terminate, remove, sup- 
press, lower, reduce, mitigate, dimiu- 
ish,moderate,lessen, subside,decrease. 
ANT. Prolong, continue, revive, de- 
velop, increase, aggravate, magnify, 
brew, ferment, rage, extend, enlarge, 
amplify, raise, enhance. 

Abbreviate. SYN. Shorten, reduce, 
abridge, contract, curtail, epitomize, 
condense, prune, compress. 

ANT. Lengthen, prolong, extend,en- 
large, produce, elongate, amplify, ex- 
pand, dilate. 

Abbreviation. SYN. Abridgment,re- 
duction, contraction, curtailment, ab- 
stract, summary, epitome, condensa- 
tion, compression. 

ANT. Elongation, prolongation, ex- 
tension, production, amplification, en- 
largement, expansion, dilation, expa- 
tiation, explication, dilution. 

Abderite. SYN. Cynic, sardonic, de- 
risive, sarcastic, jocular, flippant, non- 
chalant, sportive, sprightful, buoyant. 
ANT. Lachrymose, plaintive, maun- 
dering, querimonious, plaintive, dole- 
some, lackadaisical, grumbling, croak- 
ing, lugubrious. 

Abdicate. SYN. Abandon, relinquish, 
resign, surrender, vacate. 

ANT. Retain, maintain, claim, occu- 
py, assert, grasp, seize, usurp. 


Abdomen. STN. Belly, paunch. 

Abduction. STN. Abstraction, sub- 
traction, deprivation, ablution, rape, 
seizure, appropriation. 

ANT. Addition, adduction, replace- 
ment, restitution, restoration, surren- 
der, reinstatement. 

Aberrant. STN. Erratic, devious, di- 
vergent, incontinuous, desultory, dis- 
connected, wandering, idiotic, incon- 
sistent, inconsecutive, abnormal, ex- 

ANT. Continuous, rectilineal, true, 
consistent, uniform, consecutive, nor- 
mal, natural, faithful, regular. 

Aberration. STN. Wandering, diver- 
gence, deviation, desultoriness, ram- 
bling, disconnectedness, hallucination, 
inconsecutiveness, idiocy, insanity, ex- 
ception, abnormity. 

ANT. Uniformity, consecutiveness, 
continuity, connectedness, principle, 
law, order, type, norm, project, line, 
tenor, progression, rectiliuearity, reg- 

Abet. STN. Aid, support, promote, 
countenance, uphold, assist, instigate, 
encourage, incite, advocate, sanction, 
subsidize, embolden. 

ANT. Thwart, contradict, obstruct, 
oppose, baffle, confound, discourage, 
disapprove, disconcert, counteract,de- 
ter, dissuade, frustrate, impede, de- 
nounce, expose. 

Abettor. STN. Supporter, advocate, 
instigator, promoter, assistant, com- 
panion, accomplice, ally, encourager, 
associate, adviser, confederate, par- 
ticfjis criminis, coadjutor, accessary, 

ANT. Opponent, connteracter, foe, 
adversary, detector, baffler, antago- 
nist, disconcerter, dissuader, rival. 

Abeyance. STN. Suspension, reser- 
vation, dormancy, expectation, inter- 

ANT. Revival, renewal, operation, 
resuscitation, action, enjoyment, pos- 
session, exercise, force. 

Abhor. STN. Hate, abominate, detest, 
loathe, despise, dislike, eschew, nau- 

ANT. Love, admire, enjoy, approve, 
affect, covet, relish, crave, desire. 

Abide. STN. Dwell, stay, inhabit, con- 
tinue, rest, tarry, lodge, reside, live, 
wait, sojourn, remain, expect, endure, 


tolerate, anticipate, confront, await, 
bear, face, watch. 

ANT. Deport, migrate, move, jour- 
ney, proceed, resist, mislike, forefend, 
avoid, shun, reject, abandon, forfeit. 

Ability. STN. Power, cleverness, fac- 
ulty, skill, capacity, talent, expertness, 
aptitude, dexterity, efficiency, compe- 
tency, qualification. 

ANT. Weakness, incapacity, imbe- 
cility, inability, unreadiness, rnala- 

Abject. STN. Degraded, outcast, mis- 
erable, vile, pitiable, worthless, des- 
picable, groveling, fawning, squalid, 
base-minded, slavish, beggarly,servile, 
cringing, low, wretched, sordid. 

ANT. Honorable, dignified, eminent, 
exalted, esteemed, worthy, venerable, 
noble, princely, illustrious, independ- 
ent, self-assertive, self-reliant, vain, 
arrogant, insolent, haughty. 

Abjure. STN. Renounce, deny, apos- 
tatize, discard, recant, disclaiir, disa- 
vow, repudiate, revoke, retract, dis- 

ANT. Profess, assert, demand, vindi- 
cate, claim, cherish, advocate, retain, 
acknowledge, appropriate, hug. 

Able. STN. Strong, powerful, clever, 
skillful, talented, capable, fitted, effi- 
cient, effective, learned, gifted, mas- 
terly, telling, nervous, vigorous. 

ANT. Weak, inefficient, unskillful, 
silly, stupid, incapable, ineffective, 

Ablution. STN. Washing, purifica- 
tion, cleansing, abstersion, defecation. 
ANT. Pollution, soilnre, defilement, 
dirt, contamination, taint, stain. 

Abnegation. STN. Denial, disallow- 
ance, renunciation, abjuration, stint, 

ANT. Assertion, vindication, claim, 
indulgence, concession, license. 

Abnormal. STN. Irregular, erratic, 
peculiar, unusual, exceptional, mon- 
strous, aberrant, devious, divergent, 
eccentric, strange. 

ANT. Typical, normal, regular, or- 
dinary, usual, natural, customary, il- 

Aboard. STN. Afloat. 
ANT. Ashore. 

Abode. STN. Home, stay, placa, resi- 
dence, domicile, habitation, lodging*. 


berth, quarters : with the idea of per- 

ANT. Halt, perch, tent, 
avansary : with the idea of transience. 
&boliNli. SYN. Destroy, eradicate, in- 
validate, make void, obliterate, extir- 
pate, abrogate, annul, subvert, cancel, 
revoke, quash, nullify, overthrow, an- 
nihilate, supersede, suppress,expunge. 

ANT. Support, sustain, cherish, pro- 
mote, continue, confirm, restore, re- 
pair, revive, reinstate, enact, institute, 

Abominable. SYN. Abhorrent, foul, 
accursed, detestable, hateful, horrible, 
loathsome, odious, offensive, execra- 
ble, nauseous, impure. 

ANT. Delectable, desirable, admira- 
ble, enjoyable, lovable, charming, de- 
lightful, grateful, pure. 
Abominate. SYN. Abhor, loathe, de- 
test, execrate, hate. 

ANT. Desire, like, long for, love. 
Abomination. SYN. Loathing, de- 
testation, hatred, abhorrence, plague, 
nuisance, evil, annoyance, infliction, 

ANT. Love, affection, desire, enjoy- 
ment, longiug, acquisition, gratifica- 
tion, blessing, treat, delight, benefit. 
Iboriglnal. SYN. Primordial, pri- 
meval, pristine, autochthonic, imme- 
morial, indigenous, native, original. 

ANT. Subsequent, adventitious, im- 
ported, exotic, immigrant, recent, up- 
start, modern, late, novel, fresh. 
Abortion. SYN. Failure,miscarriage, 
misadventure, downfall, mishap, mis- 
production, defect, frustration, blun- 
der, mess. 

ANT. Success, consummation, com- 
pletion, achievemenl,realization, per- 
fection, exploit, feat, development. 
Abound. SYN. Stream, swell, flow, 
increase, overflow, superabound, lux- 
uriate, teem, swarm, flourish, prevail, 
be plentiful, wanton, revel, multiply. 

ANT. Fall, waste, dry, lack, wane, 
evaporate, drain, die, decay, vanish, 
lessen, decrease. 

About. SYN. Almost, with respect to, 
near, nearly, touching, concerning, 
surrounding, relative to, relating to, 
in relation to, approximately, touch- 
ing, roughly, generally. 

ANT. Afar, away or afar from, pre- 
cisely, exactly. 


Above-named. SYN. Above-men- 
tioned, above-tlescribftl, above-cited, 
named above, aforesaid, mentioned 

ANT. Named below, described be- 
Above. SYN. Over, beyond, exceeding, 

ANT. Below, within, beneath. 
Abreast. SYN. Beside, alongside. 

ANT. Ahead, astern. 
Abridge. SYN. Abbreviate, diminish, 
shorten, lessen, curtail, restrict, con. 
tract, condense, epitomize, compress. 
ANT. Amplify, expand, spread out. 
Abridgment. SYN. Abstract, abbre- 
viation, contraction, summary, synop- 
sis, epitome, compendium, analysis, 
outline, digest. 

ANT. Amplification, expatiation, ex- 
pansion, disquisition, dilution, com- 
ment, annotation, exposition, para- 

Abroach. SYN. Aflow, afloat, abroad,, 

ANT. Close, fast, tight, secret, re- 

Abroad. SYN. Far, away, apart, dis- 
persed, aloof, adrift, about, distracted, 

ANT. Near, close, housed, collected, 

Abrogate. SYN. Abolish, cancel, eet 
aside, annul, repeal, expunge, rescind. 
ANT. Enact, re-enact, confirm, en- 
. force, continue, revive. 
Abrogation. SYN. Abolition, repeal, 
discontinuance, dis-establishment. 

ANT. Institution, establishment, en- 
actment, confirmation, continuance, 

Abrupt. SYN. Sudden, steep, precip- 
itous, craggy, coarse, curt, blunt, vio- 
lent, harsh, unceremonious, rugged, 

ANT. Undulating, easy, gliding, pol- 
ished, smooth, blending, courteous. 
Abscond. SYN. Decamp, bolt, depart, 
disappear, stenl away, run off, hide, 
withdraw, retreat. 

ANT. Show, emerge, appear. 
Absence. SYN. Want, departure, In- 
attention, non-existence, failure, sepa- 
ration, lack, non-appearance, distrac- 

ANT. Presence, supply, appp.nn.iice, 
existence, manifestation, evidence, at- 


tention, immanence, inherency, con- 

Absent, a. STN. Not present, gone 
away, elsewhere, inattentive, thought- 
less, listless, preoccupied. 

ANT. Present, in this place, here, 

Absent. . STN. Keep away, depart, 

ANT. Be present, stay, remain. [See 

Absolute. STN. Perfect, complete,un- 
conditional, irrelative, irrespective, 
supreme, despotic, autocratic, certain, 
authoritative, unqualified, unequivo- 
cal, irresponsible, arbitrary. 

ANT. Imperfect, incomplete, condi- 
tional, conditioned, contingent, rela- 
tive, dependent, constitutional, dubi- 
ous, accountable, responsible. 

Absolve. STN. Acquit, release, exon- 
erate, liberate, exempt, discharge, ex- 
culpate, pardon, forgive, free, clear. 

ANT. Charge, accuse, compel, bind, 
obligate, convict, condemn, inculpate, 
impeach, oblige. 

Absonant. STN. Dissonant, discord- 
ant, contrariant, repugnant, inconso- 
nant, inharmonious, incompatible, in- 
appropriate, impertinent. 

ANT. Consonant, agreeable, consist- 
ent, harmonious, compatible, appro- 
priate, pertinent, congruous, suitable, 

Absorb. STN. Swallow, drown, con- 
sume, imbibe, engross, drink in, suck 
np, engulf, monopolize, exhaust. 

ANT. Eject, emit, exude, disgorge, 
dissipate, distract, distil, disperse. 

Abstain. STN. Refrain, forbear, re- 
fuse, demur, avoid, cease, stop, keep 
back, desist, discontinue, withhold, 

ANT. Indulge, exceed, reveal, wan- 

Abstemious. STN. Abstinent, mod- 
erate, self-denying, sober, temperate, 
sparing, frugal. 

ANT. Sensual, self-indulgent, glut- 
tonous, greedy, intemperate. 

Absterge. STN. Wipe, cleanse, puri- 
fy, sponge, scour, scrub. 

ANT. Foul, bespatter, contaminate, 
bedaub, soil, pollute, begrime. 

Abstersive. STN. Scouring, purify- 
ing, detergent. r^tUartio. 

10 ABU 

ANT. Contaminative, offensive, cor. 

Abstinent. STN. Temperate, abstem- 
ious, continent, sober, self-denying, 

ANT. Self-indulgent, sensual, intem- 
perate, epicurean, dissipated, inconti- 
nent, debauched. 

Abstract, v. STN. Separate, detach, 
part, eliminate, draw away, remove, 
take away, appropriate, purloin, steal, 
thieve, draw from. 

ANT. Add, unite, conjoin, adduce, 
impose, restore, surrender, return. 

Abstract, n. ("See ABRIDGMENT.] 

Abstraction. STN. Separation, poi- 
loining, removal, appropriation, gene- 
ralization, classification, reverie, ab- 
sorption, inattention, absence. 

ANT. Addition, conjunction, union, 
adduction, importation, restoration, 
restitution, individualization, enume- 
ration, analysis, specification, observ- 
ation, attention. 

Abstracted. [See ABSTRACT and AB- 

Abstruse. STN. Hidden, recondite, 
difficult, profound, deep, curious, ob- 
scure, mystical, occult, hard, dark. 

ANT. Patent, popular, superficial, 
simple, obvious, trite, intelligible, lu- 
cid, plain, easy, manifest, clear. 

Absurd. STN. Irrational, ridiculous, 
monstrous, senseless, asinine, stupid, 
chimerical, unreasonable, preposter- 
ous, silly, nonsensical, foolish. 

ANT. Sensible, rational, reasonable, 
consistent, sound, substantial, logical, 
wise, sagacious, reflective, philosoph- 

Abundance. STN. Plenty, largeness, 
copiousness, sufficiency, plentitude, 
exuberance, ampleness, profusion, lux- 
uriance, wealth. 

ANT. Karity, scarcity, paucity, defi- 
ciency, scantiness, dearth, failure,pov- 

Abundant. STN. Plentiful, copious, 
plenteous, large, ample, overflowing, 
teeming, full, lavish, luxuriant, boun- 
tiful, abounding, profuse, liberal, rich. 
ANT. Rare, scarce, scant, deficient, 
short, insufficient, niggardly, sparing, 
dry, drained, exhausted, impover- 

Abuse, v. STN. Injure, damage, spoil. 
vaaltreat. treat-ill, ill-use, ill-treat, re- 


Tile, scandalize, disparage, reproach, 
upbraid, asperse, malign, slander, vi- 
tuperate, prostitute, defame, pervert, 
misuse, misemploy, vilify. 

ANT. Tend, protect, conserve, con- 
sider, regard, shield, cherish, praise, 
extol, laud, vindicate, panegyrize, re- 

Abuse, n. SYN. Mistreatment, invec- 
tive, ill-treatment, opprobium, scur- 
rility, vituperation, ribaldry, oblo- 
quy, reproach, insolence, misusage, 

ANT. Good-usage, good-treatment, 
kindness, praise, deference, respect. 

Abusive. SYN. Insulting, insolent, of- 
fensive, opprobrious, reproachful, vi- 
tuperative, rude, denunciatory, scur- 

ANT. Respectful, kind, panegyrical, 
laudatory, attentive. 

Abut. SYN. Extend, project, impinge, 

ANT. Recurve, retreat, diverge, re- 
turn, recede. 

Abyss. SYN. Gulf, profound, gorge, 
deep, pit, chasm, depth. 

ANT. Surface, cavity, depression, in- 

Academical. SYN. Collegiate, clas- 
sical, learned. 
ANT. Illiterate, nncollegiate. 

Academy. SYN. School, seminary, 
college, university, educational estab- 
lishment, institute, 

Accede. SYN. Assent, consent, acqui- 
esce, comply with, accept, concur, ap- 
prove, coincide. 

ANT. Dissent, decline, withdraw, re- 
fuse, protest, demur. 

Accelerate. SYN. Hasten, urge, ex- 
pedite, quicken, speed, urge on, press 
forward, hurry, promote, dispatch, fa- 

ANT. Delay, obstruct, impede, clog, 
retard, hinder, shackle, drag. 

Accent. SYN. Stress, rhythm, pulsa- 
tion, beat, emphasis. 

ANT. Smoothness, inaccentuation, 
monotony, equableness, babble, flow. 

Accept. SYN. Welcome, hail, admit, 
recognize, avow, acknowledge, take, 
accede to, receive, assent to. 

ANT. Refuse, decline, reject, disown, 
disavow, ignore, repudiate. 

Acceptable* SYN. Grateful, plea*- 

11 ACO 

ant, welcome, agreeable, pleasuraM 
seasonable, gratifying. 

ANT. Urgrateful, unwelcome, dis 
greeable, unpleasant. 

Acceptation. SYN. Meaning, sig 
nincanco, signification. 

Access. SYN. Approach, adit, course 
entrance, avenue, admittance, mod 
way, passage, road. 

ANT. Exit, egress, departure, excld 
sion, repulse. / 

Accessible. SYN. Affable, approach 
able, easy, conversible. 

ANT. Distant, cold, difficult, unap 

Accession. SYN. Arrival, addition, 
increase, influx, augmentation, rein- 
forcement, enlargement, extension. 

ANT. Departure, abandonment, re- 
iguatiou, retirement, diminution, de- 
crease, efflux, ebb, drain, subsidence, 

Accessory or Accessary, a. SYN. 
Assistant, additive, additional, auxil- 
iary, supplementary, conducive 

ANT. Essential, inherent, immanent, 
incorporate, superfluous, irrelevant, 
malapropos, obstructive, cumbersome. 

Accessory, n SYN Accomplice, as- 
sociate, abettor, ally, colleague, con- 
federate, helper. 

ANT. Foe, antagonist, adversary, ri- 

Accident. SYN. Chance, fortuity, dis- 
aster, incident, adventure, casualty, 
hazard, contingency, calamity, misad- 
venture, mishap. 

ANT. Law, purpose, appointment, 
ordainment, provision, preparation. 

Acclamation. SYN. Applause, hom- 
age, gratulation, salutation, joy, com- 
mendation, plaudit, hosanuau, cheer, 
shouting, exultation, triumph, ap- 

ANT. Obloquy, censure, execration, 
contumely, outcry, sibilation, denun- 

Acclivity. SYN. Ascent, rise, incline. 
ANT. Declivity, descent. 

Accommodate. SYN. Convenience, 
oblige, adapt, supply, reconcile, suit, 
fit, adjust, furnish, serve, harmonize. 
ANT. Inconvenience, disoblige, dis- 
turb, misfit, incommode, deprive, ag- 

Accommodating. SYN. Kind, on- 
selfish, obliging, polite^ 
yielding, conciliatory. 


ACT. Disobliging, selfish, churlish, 
rude, imperious, dictatorial, exacting, 
inconsiderate, unaccommodating. 

Accompany. STN. Follow, consort, 
attend, join, co-exist, escort, convoy. 
ANT. Desert, abandon, leave, avoid, 
eschew, quit, discard. 

Accomplish. STN. Execute, perfect, 
perform, fufil, do, carry out, attain, 
realize, consummate, achieve, finish, 

ANT. Fail of, frustrate, defeat, dis- 
concert, destroy, baffle, mar, spoil. 

Accomplice. STN. Abettor, confede- 
rate, accessory, ally, associate, part- 
ner,' colleague, coadjutor, assistant. 
particips criminit. 

ANT. Rival, foe, adversary, antago- 

Accord. STN. Agree, consent, harmo- 
nize, tally, answer, comport, consist, 
conform, grant, concede, surrender, 

ANT. Disagree, differ, misfit, mis- 
comport, miscouform, withhold, deny, 

Accordingly. STN. Agreeably, suit- 
ably, conf or mably,hence, consequently, 

Accordant. STN. Compatible, conso- 
nant, harmonious, consistent, consent- 
ing, acquiescent. 

Accost. STN. Address, salute, invoke, 
hail, greet, stop, apostrophize, speak 
to, call to. 

ANT. Shun, avoid, elude, pass, ig- 

Account, n. STN. Narration, report, 
rehearsal, story, statement, narrative, 
recital, relation, description, motive, 
value, importance, advantage, ground, 
reason, profit. 

ANT. Silence, suppression, project, 
misannouncement, of no account, at- 
tempt, without value, deed, project. 

Account, v. STN. Deem, esteem, con- 
sider, regard, hold, judge, rate, esti- 
mate, value, reckon, explain, solve. 

ANT. Disfteem, misestimate, mys- 
tify, under-* ate, under- value, perplex, 

Accountable. STN. Responsible, li- 
able, amenable, punishable, answera- 
ble, accredited, delegated, eubordj. 


ANT. Autocratic, Independent, irre. 
eponsible, absolute,supreme, despotic. 
Accoutre. STN. Adorn, fit out, equip, 
furnish, dress, furnish with arms. 

ANT. [See ADOBN.] 

Accredit. STN. Believe, trnst, en- 
trust, delegate, depute, commission, 

ANT. Disbelieve, distrust, suspect, 
recall, supersede, discard, dismiss. 
Accredited. STN. Authorized, com 
missioned, acknowledged, confiden- 
tial, trusted. 

ANT. Unauthorized, unacknowledg- 
ed, distrusted. 

Accumulate. STN. Collect, gamer, 
grow, mass, heap, store, bring togeth- 
er, hoard, gather, agglomerate, hus- 
band, augment, amass, increase. 

ANT. Dissipate, disperse, diminish, 
scatter, expend, waste. 
Accumulation. STN. Heap, collec- 
tion, store, mass, aggregation, hoard. 

ANT. Segregation, separation, unit, 

Accuracy. STN. Exactness, correct- 
ness, strictness, precision, exactitude, 
nicety, fidelity. 

ANT. Inexactness, looseness, sloven- 
liness, incorrectness. 
Accurate. STN. Careful, exact, faith- 
ful, precise, correct, close, truthful, 
strict, just, actual, nice. 

ANT. Careless, inexact, faulty, in- 
correct, inaccurate, loose, defective. 
Accusation. STN. Charge, indict- 
ment, imputation, impeachment, ar- 

ANT. Acquittal, absolution, vindica- 
tion, discharge. 

Accuse. STN, Charge, incriminate, 
impeach, arraign, tax, taunt, censure, 
cite, summon, criminate. 

ANT. Defend, vindicate, discharge, 
acquit, absolve, condone, pardon, ex- 
onerate, release. 

Accustom. STN. Habituate, familiar- 
ize, form, inure, train, reconcile. 

ANT. Disaccustom, dishabituate, es. 
trauge, wean, alienate. 
Ace. STN. Unit, atom, point, title, jot, 

ANT. Numbers, quantity, bulk, gum, 
mass, collection, aggregate, total. 
Acerbity. STN. Harshness, acridity, 
tartness, acidity, bitterness, acrimony, 

ACS 18 

erabbedness, moroeeness, sourness, 

ANT. Sweetness, mildness, softness, 
mellowness, gentleness, amiableness 
Ache. n. STN. Pain, suffering, smart, 
anguish, pang. 

ANT. [See PAIN.] 

Achieve. SYN. Accomplish, do, gain, 
perform, execute, effect, fulfil, finish, 
attain, win. 

ANT. [See Do.] 

Achievement. STN. Exploit, feat, 
attainment, accomplishment, perform- 


Articular. STN. Spinous, sagittate, 
prickly, thorny, sharp-pointed, has- 
tate, bristly. 

ANT. Obtuse, blunt, abrupt. 
Acid. SYN. Sharp, acidulous, acetous, 

ANT. Mellow, luscious, mealy, rich. 
Acknowledge. STN. Avow, admit, 
recognize, own, accept, profess, en- 
dorse, grant, concede, concern. 

ANT. Disavow, disclaim, disown, re- 
pudiate, ignore, deny. 
Acknowledged. STN. Agreed, set- 
tled, understood, decided, customary. 
ANT. Not agreed, undecided, unset- 
tled, not customary. 

Acme. STN. Summit, zenith, climax, 
apex, pitch, culmination, meridian. 

ANT. Base, floor, ground, founda- 
tion, nadir, depth, depression, foot, 

Acquaint. STN. Advertise, inform, 
impart, make known, divulge, teach, 
notify, apprise, advise, tell. 

ANT. Misinform, deceive, delude, 
mislead, misguide, hoodwink. 
Acquaintance. STN. Knowledge, in- 
timacy, familiarity, experience, com- 

ANT. Ignorance, tmfamiliarity, in- 
experience. It has also the collo- 
quial meaning of a person with whom 
one is acquainted. 

Acquiesce. STN. Assent, concur, 
repose, agree, yield, be resigned, 

ANT. Dissent, demur, object. 
Acquire. STN. Gain, earn, procure, 
obtain, get, realize, win, reap. 

ANT. Lose, forfeit, surrender, miss, 


Acquirement. Snr Knowledge, at. 
tainment, accomplishment, learning, 
erudition, acquisition. 
ANT. Intuition, inspiration, genius. 

Acquit. STN. Discharge, exonerate, 
absolve, exculpate, release, dismiss, 
liberate pardon. 

ANT. Charge, accuse, impeach, con- 
strain, implicate, bind, compel, con- 
demn, oblige, sentence. 

Acquittance. STN. Release, receipt, 

ANT. Bond, claim, charge, obliga- 

Acrid. STN. Harsh, sour. 

ANT. Mellow, sweet, luscious. 

Acrimonious. STN. Sharp, biting, 
stinging, pungent, acrid, ill-natured, 

ANT. Smooth, sweet, pleasant,good- 
natured, bland. 

Acrimony. STN. Sharpness, bitter- 
ness, sourness, causticity, acerbity, as- 
perity, tartness, ill-feeling, hostility, 

ANT. Smoothness, courtesy, mild- 
ness, blandness, pleasantness, friend- 
ship, amiability. 

Across. STN. Athwart, against, trans- 
versely. Transverseness to a line of 
movement becomes, opposition. 

ANT. Lengthwise, along, concur- 
rently, parallel. 

Act. v. [See Do.] 

Act. n. STN. Deed, performance, ac- 
tion, movement, proceeding, exercise, 
operation, play. 

ANT. Inaction, rest, repose, cessa- 
tion, suspension, quiet, immobility, 
inertia, quiescence. 

Action. [See ACT.] 

Active. STN. Nimble, agile, lively, 
sprightly, brisk, quick, expert, dex- 
terous, supple, wide-awake, prompt, 
busy, industriout,diligent. 

ANT. Slow, inactive, Indolent, slug- 
gish, heavy. 

Activity. STN. Agility, quickness,en- 
ergy, briskness, vivacity, promptness, 
alertness, celerity, rapidity. 

ANT. Inactivity, awkwardness, IH- 
dolence, slowness, sloth, clumsiness, 
heaviness, sluggishness, lassitude. 

Actor. STN. Doer, worker, agent, per- 
former, principal, player, tragedian, 
ANT. [See Aoxmr.] 


Actual. STIC. Developed, positive, un- 
questionable, demonstrable, certain, 
real, authentic. 

ANT. Potential, undeveloped, hypo- 
thetical, supposition, possible, vir- 
tual, theoretical, fabulous, fictitious, 

Actually. STN. Verity, truly, deci- 
dedly, assuredly, positively. 

ANT. Potentially, hypothetically, 

Actuate. STN. Urge, instigate, stir, 
induce, influence, incline, dispose, in- 
cite, impel, prompt, drive. 

ANT. Deter, discourage, retard, in- 
hibit, hinder, prevent, impede, dis- 

Acuity. STN. Pointedness, aculea- 
tion, acumination. 

ANT. Bluntiiess, hebetude, obtuse- 

Aculeated. SYN. Armed, epinous, 
acuminated, punctuous. 

ANT. Unarmed, blunt, obtuse, sting- 
less, pointless. 

Ac ii men. STN. Point, penetrative- 
ness, sharpness, discernment, talent, 

ANT. Bluntness, obtuseness, stupid- 
ity, dulness, indiscernment, hebetude. 
Acute. SYN. Pointed, penetrating, sa- 
gacious, perspicacious, keen, astute, 
piercing, sharp, shrewd, keen-sighted, 
severe, distressing, 

ANT. Dull, blunt, obtuse, stupid,un- 
discerning, heavy, chronic, stolid. 
Acutely. STN. Sharply, deeply, pain- 
fully, poignantly, intensely. 

ANT. Bluntly, obtusely, stupidly, 
stolidly, pleasantly, 

Adage. STN. Maxim, saying, motto, 
saw, apothegm, aphorism, by-word, 
proverb, dictum. 

ANT. Discourse, disquisition, yarn, 

Adapt. STN. Fit, accommodate, suit, 
adjust, conform, admeasure, harmo- 
nize, attune. 

ANT. Misfit, misconform, misapply. 
Adaptation. STN. Accommodation, 
adjustment, admeasurement, conform- 
ity, coincidence. 

ANT. Inconfonnity, incongruity, in- 
compatibility, disharmony, misfi ^mal- 
formation, mismeasurement. 
Add. STN, Adduce, adjoin, increase, 


extend, enlarge, sum up, cast up, sub- 
join, amplify, annex. 

ANT Deduct, subtract, dissever, ab- 

Addendum. STN. Acquisition, im- 
provement, supplement, complement, 
desideratum, concomitant, annexa- 
tion, appendage. 

ANT. Surplusage, detriment, dete- 
rioration, detraction, drawback. 
Addicted. STN. Given, accustomed, 
prone, inclined, disposed, habituated. 
ANT. Unaddicted, disinclined, unac- 
customed, indisposed, averse, free. 
Addltament. STN. Adjunct, annex- 
ation, supplement, addition, acquisi- 
tion, increase, augmentation, access- 

ANT. Deduction, detraction, draw- 
back, decrement, deterioration. 
Addition. STN. Accession, enlarge- 
ment, increase, extension, accretion, 

Address, n. STN. Tact, manners. 

ANT. Awkwardness, unmannerli- 

Address, v. STN. Accost, greet, sa- 
lute, approach, apostrophize, appeal, 
hail, woo, court. 

ANT. Elude, avoid, shun, ignore, 

Adduce. STN. Allege, apply, cite, ad- 
vance, offer, introduce, produce, add, 
import, name, mention, quote. 

ANT. Retract, except, withdraw, de, 
duct, deduce, suppress. 
Adept. STN. Expert, adroit, handy, 
master, performer, professor, artist. 

ANT. Awkward, clumsy, inexpert, 
tyro, novice, lubber, blunderer. 
Adequate. STN. Equal, sufficient, 
fit, satisfactory, full, competent, capa- 
ble, able. 

ANT. Unequal, insufficient, incom- 
petent, inadequate. 

Adhere. STN. Stick, cohere, cleave, 
hold, attach, unite, fix, join, cling. 

ANT. Disunite, part, separate, di- 
vide, secede, sunder, sever. 
Adherence. STN. Adhesion, attach- 
ment, devotion, fidelity, cleaving to, 
constancy, endearment. 

ANT. Separation, disunion, unfaith- 
fulness, desertion, treachery. 
Adherent, SYN. Follower, supporter, 

ADH 15 

ally, disciple, admirer, backer, aid, 

ANT. Opponent, deserter, ad versa: y 
renegade, antagonist. 

Adhesion. [See ADHERENCE.] 

Adhesive. SYN. Sticky, viscous, glu- 
ANT. Inadhesive. 

Adieu. SYN. Good-bye, (which ls,"God 
be with ye,") farewell, leave-taking, 
parting salutation, valediction. 

ANT. Greeting, welcome, recogni- 
tion, salutation. 

Adipose. SYN. Obese, corpulent, se- 
baceous, oleaginous, pinguetudinous. 
ANT. Leathery, skinny, bony, thin, 
anatomical, mummified. 

Adit. SYN. Entrance, ingress, access, 
approach, avenue. 

ANT. Exit, egress, month, outlet, 

Adjacent. SYN. Near, neighboring, 
contiguous, close, nigh, bordering, 
ANT. Remote, distant, separate, 

Adjoin. SYN. r. t. annex, add, con- 
nect, append, supplement, attach, 
unite, v. i. Border, neighbor, touch, 
abut, approximate, verge, trench. 

ANT. v. t. Disjoin, dismember, dis- 
connect, detach, disintegrate, disu- 
nite, v. i. Part, separate, recede, re- 
turn, diverge, be distant, removed, 
remote, incontiguous. 

Adjourn. SYN. Postpone, suspend, 
defer, prorogue, delay, protract, put 

ANT. Expedite, despatch, urge, 
hasten, conclude, complete, seal, con- 
summate, terminate. 

Adjudge, Adjudicate. SYN. Con- 
fer, award, assign, present, decide, 

ANT. Withhold, reserve, retain, re- 
fuse, dismiss, relegate; 

Adjunct. SYN. Addition, additament, 
attachment, appendage, auxiliary, 
appurtenance, aid, acquisition, advan- 
tage, help. 

ANT. Essence, substance, body, 
clog, detriment, impediment, draw- 
back, hindrance, obstruction, detrac- 

Adjure; SYN. Conjure, entreat, en- 
join, urge, supplicate, move, beseech, 
ANT. Deprecate, remonstrate, dare, 


expostulate, warn, dissuade, prohibit, 
inhibit, defy. 

Adjust. SYN. Harmonize, collocate, 
arrange, localize, adapt, affix, right, 
suit, classify, set in order, reconcile, 
accommodate, compose. 

ANT. Dislocate, disarrange, disturb, 
confound, dismember, disorder, con- 
fuse, discompose, derange. 

Adjuvant. SYN. Accessary, auxili- 
ary, promotive, productive, assistant, 
rnini<=trative, ancillary, useful, con- 

ANT. Obstructive, detractive, re- 
tardative, preventive, counteractive, 
irrelevant, useless. 

Admeasurement. SYN. Size, ad- 
justment, dimensions, adaptation. 

ANT. Misshapement, misconforml- 
ty, misfit, mismatch, mismeasure- 

Administer. SYN. Distribute, award, 
accord, dole, give, impart, afford, dis- 
charge, dispense, execute, perform, 
furnish, contribute, conduct. 

ANT. Withdraw, withhold, refuse, 
retain, assume, resume, resign, deny, 
divert, appropriate, misadminister, 
betray, misconduct, mismanage. 

Admirable. SYN. Wonderful, excel- 
lent, surprising, astonishing, praise- 
worthy, pleasing. 

ANT. Commonplace, mediocre, ri- 
diculous, abominable, displeasing. 

Admiration. SYN. Wonder, appro- 
val, appreciation, adoration, rever- 

ANT. Disapproval, disesteem, con- 
tumely, opprobrium, ridicule, con- 
tempt, dislike. 

Admire. SYN. Wonder, gaze, ap- 
prove, appreciate, extol, esteem, love, 
applaud, affect, adore, revere, re- 

ANT. Abhor, ridicule, disesteem, 
execrate, abominate, contemn, mis- 
like, despise, slight. 

Admissible. SYN. Allowable, per- 
missible, probable, reasonable, just, 
proper, fair, right, qualified. 

ANT. Unallowable, inadmissible, 
improper, unreasonable, absurd, pre- 
posterous, monstrous, unfair, wrong, 
unqualified, excluded. 

Admission. SYN. Concession, al- 
lowance, acknowledgment, acceptance. 


" AST. Denial, protestation, nega- 
tion, contradiction, rejection. 
wdmlt. SYN. Receive, pase, permit, 
accept, grant, concede, allow, ac- 
knowledge, confess,own, avow, suffer. 
ANT. Exclude, debar, disallow, re- 
ject, deny, discharge, dismiss, eject, 
extrude, repudiate, disavow, disown. 
Admittance. SYN. Introduction, 
entrance, pass, permit, passport, 
privilege, acceptance, welcome, re- 

AST. Exclusion, denial, ejection, 
prohibition, bar, hindrance, rejec- 
tion, repudiation. 

Admonish. SYN. Remind, fore- 
warn, advise, warn, dissuade, cau- 
tion, counsel, reprove, censure, re- 

AST. Encourage, instigate, abet, 
incite, urge, applaud, countenance. 
Admonition. SYX. Warning, ad- 
vice, counsel, caution, reproof. 

ANT. Applauding, encouraging, in- 
citing, urging, countenancing. 
Ado. SYN. Hubbub, commotion, 
fuse, excitement. 

AWT. Calm, composure, quiet, or- 
derliness, staidness, tranquillity. 
Adopt* SYN. Assume, select, affillt- 
ate, take, elect, arrogate, choose, en- 
dorse, avow, appropriate. 

ANT. Reject, decline, repudiate, 
disavow, discard, renounce, abandon, 
disown, disclaim. 

Adore. SYN. Admire, hallow, glo- 
rify, praise, venerate, reverence, wor- 
ship, idolize. 

ANT. Abhor, despise, disesteem, 
abominate, execrate, blaspheme. 
Adorn. SYN. Beautify, bedeck, or- 
nament, decorate, embellish, deck, 
garnish, gild, enrich. 

ANT. Mar, spoil, deform, deface, 
disfigure, impoverish, denude, des- 
poil, strip, bare, disembellish. 
4 drift. SYN. Loose, afloat, agog, 
abroad, abroach, distracted, disor- 

ANT. Fait, tight, right, lashed, 
moored, secure, collected, composed. 
Adroit. SYN. Handy, skillful, dex- 
terous, expert, proficient, clever. 

ANT. Awkward, clumsy, unskillful, 
inexpert, lubberly. 
A dfttitit iou*,or A vcitltious. SYN. 

10 ADV 

Adventitious, superfluous, redund- 
ant, alien, artificial, spurious, smug- 

ANT. Essential, necessary, verit- 
able, regular, ingenerate, ingrained, 
congenital, fundamental, genuine, in- 
herent, proper. 

Adulation. SYN. Flattery, com- 
pliment, sycophancy, courtship, in- 
cente, praise, blandishment, fawning, 

ANT. Detraction, obloquy, defama- 
tion, calumny, traducement, sarcasm, 
ridicule, satire, bespatterment. 
Adult. SYN. Man, woman. 

ANT. Youth, stripling, boy, child, 

Adulterate. SYN. Debase, corrupt, 
deteriorate, vitiate, contaminate. 

ANT. Make pure, genuine, unde- 

Adulterated. SYN. Impure, nn- 
genuine, spurious, concocted, mixed, 
falsified, deteriorated, garbled, viti- 

ANT. Pure, genuine, original, un- 
mixed, unadulterated,undeteriorated, 

Adumbration. SYN. Shadow, fore- 
shadowing, presage, prognostic, de- 
lineation, premonition, hint, sketch, 
prototype, suggestion. 

ANT. Body, substance, fulfillment, 
realization, substantiation, antitype. 
Advance, v. SYN. Propel, elevate, 
promote, further, lend, propagate, 
progress, increase, prosper, rise, 

ANT. Retard, hinder, withhold, 
withdraw, recall, depress, degrade, 
suppress, oppose, retreat, decrease. 
Advancement. [See ADVANCE.] 
Advantage. SYN. Gain, success, 
superiority, help, assistance, benefit, 
good, avail, interest, utility, service, 
profit, acquisition. 

ANT. Loss, disappointment, defeat, 
frustration, inferiority, obstacle, ob- 
struction, difficulty, dilemma, disad- 
vantage, drawback. 

Advent. SYX. Approach, arrival, 
accession, coming. 

ANT. Departure, exit, exodus, re- 
tirement, relinquishment, quittance. 
Adventitious. SYN. Extrinsic, re- 
dundant, superfluous, adscititiouSs ir- 
regular, casual, imported. 
ANT. Regular, proper, pertinent. 



essential, appropriate, necessary, In- 
trins! }. 

Adventure. SYN. Incident, crisis, 
chunee, hazard, occurrence, event, 
enterprise, casualty, undertaking, 
experiment, venture, trial, romance. 
ANT. Matter-of-fact, matter-of- 

Adventurous. SYN. Bold, brave, 
daring, enterprising, courageous, gal- 
lant, fearless, venturesome, rash, 
chivalrous, hazardous. 

ANT. Timid, unenterprising, inad- 
venturous, cowardly, nervous, hesita- 
ting, cautious. 

Adversary. SYN. Antagonist, foe, 
enemy, rival, assailant. 

ANT. Accessory, abettor, alder, 
Triend, helper, assistant, ally, accom- 

Adverse. SYN. Opposed to, un- 
lucky, hard, hostile, antagonistic, un- 
propitious, opposite, conflicting, con- 
trary, unfavorable. 

ANT. Favorable, friendly, amic- 
able, propitious, fortunate, lucky. 

Adversity. SYN. Ill-luck, misfor- 
tune, misery, calamity, disaster, dis- 
tress, uusuccess, failure, ruin,trouble, 
affliction, sorrow. 

ANT. Good-luck, prosperity, hap- 
piness, success, advancement. 

Advert to. SYN. Refer to,allude to, 
notice, remark, glance at, regard, 
touch upon, hint at. 

ANT. Ignore, pass, drop, omit, 

Advertent. SYN. Attentive, re- 
gardful, mindful, watchful, thought- 
ful, observant, considerate. 

ANT. Inattentive, inadvertent, 
casual, thoughtless, heedless, inob- 
servant, inconsiderate. 

Advertise. SYN. Publish, inform, 
advise, circulate, announce, notify, 
proclaim, promulge. 

ANT. Suppress, hush, conceal, ig- 
nore, hoodwink, misguide, mislead, 

Advice. [SeeADVisi.] 

Advise. SYN. Admonish, warn, de- 
liberate, counsel, persuade, urge, 
prompt, instigate, incite, instruct, ac- 
quaint, inform. 

ANT. Dissuade, dwtor, expostulate, 
rwnoastraVe, prohibit, UiiiibiV, r 


strain, curb, mislead, misadvise, 
hoodwink, deceive, delude,misinform. 

Advisable. SYN. Politic, judi- 
cious, expedient, desirable, wise, pru- 
dent, beneficial, profitable. 

ANT. inadvisable, impolitic, In- 
judicious, inexpedient, undesirable, 

Advocate, n SYN. Pleader, coun- 
sellor, upbolder, propagator, promo- 
ter, supporter, countenancer, defend- 
er, maintainer. 

ANT. Opponent, adversary, dis- 
countenancer, accuser, impugner, 

Advocate, r. [See NOUN.] 

Afar. SYN. Abroad, away, aloof. 
ANT. Near, at home, close. 

Afluble. SYN. Courteous, accessible, 
condescending, conversible, gracious, 
sociable, gentle, complaisant, urbane, 
polite, easy, approachable. 

ANT. Exclusive, discourteous, dis- 
tant, inaccessible, unapproachable, 
incooversible, haughty, contemptu- 
ous, supercilious. 

Affair. SYN. Matter, business, con- 
cern, subject, topic, transaction. 

ANT. Detail, item, point, feature, 

Affect. SYN. Like, desire, favor, 
seek, assume, move, influence, con- 
cern, interest, feign, pretend. 

ANT. Dislike, .eschew, shun, repel, 

Affectation. BYN. Pretence, arti- 
fice, hypocrisy, assumption, simula- 
tion, mannerism, euphuism, airs. 

ANT. Genuineness, naturalness, un 
affectedness, simplicity, artlessness. 

Affectlblllty. SYN. Sensibility, 
sensitiveness, susceptibility, impressi- 
bility, excitability, irritability, ner- 

ANT. Insensibility, inseusateness, 
hebetude, unimpresslbleness, cal 

Affection. SYN. Influence, condi- 
tion, state, inclination, bent, mood, 
humor, feeling, love, desire, pro- 

ANT. Insensibility, indifference, 
repugnance, disaffection, repulsion. 

Affiance. Homage, trust, confidence, 
reliance, betrothal, fealty, faith, 
AT. Unfealty, disloyalty, distn/ 


treason, suspicion, Infidelity, false- 

Affiliate. STN. Annex, graft, in- 
corporate, unite, adopt, inoculate. 

ANT. Dismember, disannex, dis- 
affiliate, sever, transplant, separate, 
disjoin, disunite. 

A ffl 1 iatlon . [See AFFILIATE. ] 

Affinity. STN. Relationship, rela- 
tion, kindred, conformity, connection, 
alliance, similarity, analogy, homo- 
geneity, harmony, correlativeness, 
sympathy, interdependence, inter- 
connection, intercommunity. 

ANT. Dissimilarity, discordance, 
disconnection, independence, antag- 
onism, antipathy, repugnance, inter- 

Affirm. STN. Assert, swear, testify, 
tell, aver, propound, asseverate, de- 
pose, state, declare, endorse, main- 

ANT. Deny, dispute, doubt, demur, 
negative, contradict, gainsay, oppugn, 
impugn, oppose. 

Affix. STN. Attach, annex, subjoin, 
adjoin, connect, fasten, unite, append. 
ANT. Detach, disunite, separate, 
remove, disengage, unfasten. 

Affliction. STN. Trouble, trial, 
grief, pain, disease, misery, hardship, 

ANT. Consolation, relief, allevia- 
tion, assuagement, or, more positive- 
ly : boon, blessing, gratification, 

Affluence. STN. Abundance, plenty, 
wealth, riches, opulence. 

ANT. Want, scarcity, penury, in- 
digence, poverty, impecuniosity, 
straitness, lack. 

Afflux. STN. Accession, importa- 
tion, augmentation, increase, addi- 
tion, influx. 

ANT. Decrease, detriment, detrac- 
tion, diminution, exhaustion, failure, 

Afford. BTH. Produce, supply, give, 
yield, grant, confer, bestow, impart, 
administer, extend. 

ANT. Withhold, deny, withdraw, 
retain, stint, grudge. 

Affranchise. STN. Free, liberate, 
enfranchise, manumit, qualify, open. 
ANT. Enthral, enslave, subjugate, 
disfranchise, disqualify, close. 



Affray. STN. Broil, tumult, brawl, 
meltfe, fracas, disturbance, uproar, 
quarrel, strife, wrangle, altercation. 

ANT. Order, tranquillity, pacifica- 
tion, dispersion, quelling. 

Affright. STN. Startle, astonish, 
terrify, alarm, dismay, cow, frighten, 

ANT. Encourage, embolden, re- 

Affront. STN. Outrage, provoca- 
tion, insult, ill-treatment, abuse, 
wrong, offence, Indignity. 

ANT. Homage.salutation, courtesy, 
apology, amends, compliment. 

Afire. STN. Ablaze, alight, burning, 
ANT. Out, extinguished, quenched. 

Afloat. STN. Adrift, abroad, at sea, 
abroach, loose, distracted, dazed. 

ANT. Ashore, snug, tight, close, 
fast, collected, concentrated. 

Afoot. STN. Working, launched, 
aSoat, agoing, inaugurated, started, 
instituted, established. 

ANT. TJncommenced, Incomplete, 
projected, proposed, contemplated, 

Afore. STN. Precedent, antecedent, 
foregoing, ahead, a-front, before, b<u- 
yond, sooner. 

ANT. Behind, following, subse- 
quently, after, astern, aback, rear- 

Aforesaid. STN. Above-mentioned, 
stated, fore-named, foregoing, pre- 
ceding, fore-mentioned. 

ANT. Following, subjoined, after- 
cited, forthcoming. 

Afraid. STN. Fearful, apprehen- 
sive, timid, timorous, cowardly, faint- 
hearted, cautious, careful, frightened, 
alarmed, terrified, suspicious, dis- 
trustful, anxious. 

ANT. Fearless, inapprehensivn, un- 
solicitous, easy, indifferent, secure, 
confident, bold, hopeful, eager, reck- 
less, audacious, venturesome. 

Afresh. STN. Anew, again, fre- 
quently, repeatedly, intermittently. 

ANT. Continuously, uniformly, un- 
interruptedly, unintermittently, con- 

Aft. [SeeAsAS-r.] 

After. STN. Behind, following, BU* 

AGA 19 

ANT. Afore, before, Introducing, 

A^aiii. SYN. Anew, afresh, repeat- 
edly, frequently. 

ANT. Continuously, uniformly, un- 
interruptedly, unintermittently, once. 
Against. SYN. Over, opix>site, 
abutting, opposing, resisting, despite, 
across, athwart, counter. 

ANT. With, for, accompaning, aid- 
ing, suiting, promoting. 
Agape. SYN. Astare, agog, aston- 
ished, curious, inquisitive, enter- 
tained, amused, eager. 

ANT. Incurious, listless,lukewarm, 

Age. SYN. Period, generation, era, 
epoch, date, century, antiquity, se- 
nility, eldership, seniority. 

ANT. Youth, infancy, boyhood, 
childhood, moment, instant. 
Aged. SYN. Old, ancient, antiquated, 
elderly, senile, patriarchal, primeval, 
time-honored, olden. 

ANT. Juvenile, youthful, young,up- 
start, recent, fresh. 
Agency. [See AGENT.] 
Agent. SYN. Doer, performer, ac- 
tor, force, means, instrument, influ- 
ence, cause, promoter, operator. 

ANT. Counteragent, counteractor, 
counteraction, opponent, neutralizer, 
Agglomerate. SYN. Accumulate, 
conglomerate, lump, agglutinate, en- 
tangle, heap, confuse, amalgamate. 

ANT. Scatter, dissipate, sift, sepa- 
rate, disentangle, disject, divide, dis- 
unite, part, unravel, detach, differ- 

Aggrandize. SYN. Promote, dig- 
nify, exalt, ennoble, enrich, advance, 
augment, make great, magnify, ele- 
vate, signalize. 

ANT. Depress, degrade, enfeeble, 
Impoverish, debase, humiliate, lower, 
abase, disgrace, dishonor. 
Aggravate. SYN. Exasperate, pro- 
voke, wound, heighten, intensify, ir- 
ritate, make worse, increase, enhance 
embitter, magnify. 

ANT. Soothe, conciliate, assuage, 
diminish, palliate, neutralize, soften, 
lessen, alleviate. attenuate,mitigate. 
Aggregate, Aggregation. SYN. 
Sum,result,total, mass, whole, totality, 
collection, amount, collation, combi- 


ANT. Dissipation, dispersion, sepa- 
ration, division, segregation,disunion, 
individual, unit, element, ingredient, 

Aggression. SYN. Invasion, attack, 
offence, onslaught, encroachment, as- 
sault, provocation, incursion. 

ANT. Resistance, retaliation, re- 
pulsion, withdrawal, retreat, evacua- 
tion, accession, acceptance, qualifica- 

Aggrieve, SYN. Wound, trouble, 
annoy, hurt, vex, disappoint, molest, 
maltreat, grieve, afflict, injure, wrong, 
ANT. Soothe, conciliate, assuage, 
console, satisfy, compensate. 
Aghast. SYN. Affrighted, aston- 
ished, astare, dumbfounded, be- 
wildered, horror-struck. 

ANT. Cool, fearless, unaffected, un- 
moved, indifferent, unexcited, un- 

Agile. SYN. Nimble, active, fleei, 
brisk, alert, fetitly, lithe, prompt, 
ready, quick, supple, nimble, swift, 

ANT. Slow, heavy, awkward, inert, 
clumsy,bulky, ponderous,elephantine. 
Agitate. SYN. Disturb, trouble, ex- 
cite, ruffle, stir, fluster, oscillate, insti- 
gate, convulse, shake. 

ANT. Calm, compose, allay, pacify, 

It is sometimes used of argumenta- 
tive consideration, as, to agitate a 

SYN. Start, moot, ventilate, pro- 

ANT. Solve, settle, determine. 
Ago. SYN. Past, gone, since. 

ANT. Coming, future, hence, here* 

Agog. SYN. Abroad, abroach, astir, 
adrift, agoing. 

ANT. Asleep, indifferent,incnriou8, 
somnolent, heedless, collected, cool. 
Agony. SYN. Pain, torture, tor- 
ment, distress, woe, throe, suffering, 
pang, excruciation. 

ANT. Assuagement,comfort, peace, 
ease, relief, gratification, enjoyment, 
rapture, ecstacy, composure. 
Agree. SYN. Suit, tally, accord, fit, 
harmonize, combine, assent, concur, 
acquiesce, admit, consent, conforr* 
consort, comport, coincide. 


Avt Differ, disagree, revolt, pro- 
test, decline, refuse, dissent, demur. 

Agreeable. SYN. Obliging, pleas- 
ant, accommodating, grateful, accept- 
able, welcome, suitable, consistent, 
consonant, amiable, gratifying, pleas- 
ing, good-natured, complaisant. 

ANT. Disobliging, unpleasant, un- 
accommodating, disagreeable, ob- 
noxious, ungrateful, unwelcome, unac- 
ceptable, offensive. 

Agreeably. SYN. Suitably, con- 
formably, consistently, accordingly, 
pleasantly, acceptably, gratefully. 

ANT. Unsuitably, inconsistently, 
impertinently, inappropriately, inhar- 

Agreement. SYN. Contract, com- 
pact, bond, concord, concurrence,con- 
formity, harmony, unison, conso- 
nance, bargain, covenant, obligation, 
undertaking, treaty. 

ANT. (As without legal force or 
bond). Understanding, promise, pa- 

Agriculture. SYN. Cultivation, hus- 
bandry, farming, tillage. 

ANT. Sterility, unproductiveness, 
waste, fallowness, inculture. 

Aground. SYN. Stranued, ashore. 
ANT. Afloat, off. 

Ahead. SYN. Forward, afore, afront, 

ANT. abaft, astern, behind, aback, 

Aid. SYN. Help,assist,guccor, support, 
befriend, co-operate, contribute^ avor, 
foster, protect, abet, encourage, insti- 
gate, subsidize. 

ANT. Oppose, resist, counteract, dis- 
courage, thwart, withstand, confront, 
deter, baffle. 

Ailment. SYN. Complaint, sickness, 
illness, disease. 

ANT. Recovery, convalescence, san- 
ity, health, robustness, vigor, salubri- 

Aim. n. SYN. Tendency, intent, aspira- 
tion, bent, drift, object, scope, goal, 
purpose, mark, end, design, intention. 
ANT Shunning, disregarding, dis- 
alfecting, overlooking, avoiding. 

Aim. v. SYN. Seek, level, propose, de- 
sign, affect, intend, mean, purpose. 

ANT. Shun, disregard, disaff ect, ig- 
nore, overlook, avoid. 

Airy. SYN. Light, ethereal, spiritual, 
joyous, sprightly, lively, animated, 
frolicsome, fairy-like. 

ANT. Dull, inert, stony, ponderous, 
plow, heavy, cheerless, sullen, dole- 
some, lugubrious, leaden, wooden. 
Akin. SYN. Related, agnate, cognate, 
homogeneous, similar, consanguine- 
ous, congenial, allied, sympathetic. 

ANT. Unrelated, unconnected, for- 
eign, alien, heterogeneous, uncon- 
genial, hostile, unallied, antagonistic, 
unsympathetic, dissimilar. 
Alacrity. SYN. Quickness, readiness, 
briskness, activity, cheerfulness, com- 
pliance, willingness, promptitude. 

ANT. Slowness, reluctance, repug- 

Alarm, n. SYN. Apprehension, fright, 
fear, timidity, consternation, tocsin, 
war-cry, war-note, reveille, dread, af. 
fright, disquietude, dismay. 

ANT. Confidence, security, quiet. 
Alarm, v. SYN. Warn, wake, terrify, 
intimidate, frighten. 

ANT. Compose, embolden, reassure, 

Alarming. SYN. Terrible, fearful, 
frightful, portentous, ominous, threat- 

ANT. Soothing, assuring, encourag- 
ing, inviting, propitious, hopeful, al- 
luring, enticing, attractive. 
Alert. SYN. Active, brisk,nimble, pre- 
pared, prompt, vigilant, ready, wake- 
ful, watchful, on the watch, lively. 

ANT. Slow, sleepy, lazy, absent, un- 
ready, oblivious, sluggish, inactive, 
unwatchful, dilatory, drowsy. 
Alien. SYN. Foreign, strange, undo- 
mesticated, inappropriate, irrelevant, 

ANT. Pertinent, essential, proper, 
appropriate, relevant, germane, afcin, 
apropos, naturalized. 
Alienate. SYN. Estrange, abalienate, 
transfer, wean, disaffect. convey. 

ANT. Conciliate, retain, endear, en- 
tail, bind, secure. 

Alienation. SYN. Insanity, aberra- 
tion, hallucination, derangement, im- 

ANT. Sanity, soundness, sobriety, 

Alight. SYN. Perch, drop, descend, 


ANT. Mount, ascend, spring, soar, 

Alike. SYN. Resembling, similar, to- 
gether, twin-fellow, analogous, identi- 
cal, equal, equivalent, same, homo- 
geneous, akin, equally. 

ANT. Unlike, heterogeneous, apart, 
dissimilar, variously, differently, un- 

Ailment. SYN. Food, sustentation, 
nutriment, pabulum, victuals, provis- 
ion, meat, sustenance, nourishment. 

ANT. Poisou, bane, venom, starva- 
tion, exhaustion. 

Alive. SYN. Quick, living, breathing, 
warm, lively, vivacious, alert, exist- 
ing, existent, safe, subsisting, active, 
brisk, animated. 

ANT. Dead, departed, cold, lifeless, 
defunct, inanimate, dispirited, du.. 

All. SYN. Whole, complete, entire, 
total, every, integral, perfect, full. 
ANT. (preceding). Some, part. 

Allay. SYN. 8oothe,alleviute, repress, 
mitigate, quiet, moderate, appease, 
compose, soften, pacify, mollify as- 
suage,tranquilize, palliate, culm. 

ANT. Excite, rouse, aggravate, stir, 
kindle, fan, impassion, provoke, in- 

Allege. STN. Declare, affirm, assert, 
asseverate, depose, plead, cite, quote, 
assign, advance, maintain, say. 

ANT. Contradict,gaiusay, refute, de- 
ny, disprove, neutralize, quash, repel. 

Allegiance. SYN. Subjection, obedi- 
ence, loyalty, fealty, homage. 

ANT. Disloyalty, rebellion, resist- 
ance, disaffection, malcontentment, 

Allegory. SYN. Parable, metaphor, 
fable, illustration, image. 
ANT. History, fact, narrative. 

Alleviate. SYN. Lighten, lessen, as- 
suage, mitigate, soothe, moderate, re- 
lieve, remit, diminish. 

ANT. Aggravate, enhance, increase, 
embitter, augment. 

Alliance. SYN. Compact, treaty, co- 
operation, union, connection, partner- 
ship, league, combination, coalition, 
confederation, friendship, relation, 

ANT. Disunion, enmity, divorce, dis- 
cord, disruption, antagonism, separa- 
tion, estrangement, hostility. 

Allot. SYN. Assign, grant, award, give, 

21 ALO 

apportion, deal, dispense, parcel, dte 
tribute, divide, mete out, portion out. 
ANT. Refuse, withhold, retain, ap- 
propriate, resume, mlsapportion, mis- 

Allotment. SYN. Piece, assignment, 
parcel, award, apportionment. 

ANT. Misappropriation, seizure,en- 

Allow. SYN. Concede, apportion, al- 
lot, assign, afford, tolerate, authorize, 
grant, remit, recognize, acknowledge, 
avow, confess, admit, permit, suffer, 
sanction, yield. 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, resume, 
refuse, deny, disallow, repudiate, pro- 
test, \vithstuud, resist, disapprove, r&> 

Allowance. [See ALLOW.] 

Alloy. SYN. Admixture, deterioration, 
adulteration, drawback, diminution, 
decrement, impairment, debasement^ 
depreciation, disparagement. 

ANT. Purity, genuineness, enhance, 
muiit, integrity. 

Alloyed. SYN. Mixed, deteriorated, 
impaired, diminished, adulterated. 

ANT. Pure, absolute, perfect, com- 
plete, genuine, unmixed, unimpaired, 
undeterioMtted, uudimiuished,un adul- 
terated, enhanced. 

Allude. SYN. Point, indicate, suggest, 
hint, signify, insinuate, refer, imply, 

ANT. Specify, demonstrate, declare, 
mention, state. 

Allure. SYN. Entice, seduce, attract, 
tempt, decoy, inveigle, wheedle, lure, 

ANT. Alarm, deter, terrify, scare, 

Allurement. [See ALLURE]. 

Allusion. SYN. Reference, insinua- 

ANT. Specification, demonstration, 

Ally. SYN. Friend, companion, sup- 
porter, aider, abetter, accomplice, as- 
sistant, confederate, helper, associate, 
accessory, colleague, coadjutor. 

ANT. Foe, enemy, opponent, adver- 
sary, baffler, counteractor, antagonist. 

Aloof. SYN. Apart, away, separately. 
ANT. Close, near, together. 

Aloud. SYN. Audibly, loudly, clamor- 
ously, sonorously, vociferously, ob 


AWT. Softly, 6ilently,inaudibly, sup- 

Alter. SYN. Substitute, change, vary, 
modify, exchange, diversify, remodel. 

ANT. Retain, perpetuate, conserve, 
stereotype, arrest, solidify, stabilitate. 
Alterable. SYN. Variable, mutable, 
changeable, movable, revocable. 

ANT. Invariable, immutable, fixed, 
unchangeable, permanent, perpetual, 
unalterable, immovable. 
Alteration. SYN. Variation, differ- 
ence, diversification, shifting, modifi- 
cation, change,pennutation, mutation, 

ANT. Retention, perpetuation, con- 
servation, changelessness, identity, 
stabilitation, nxity.permanence. 
Altercation. SYN. Dispute, wrangle, 
contentious, quarrel, dissension, com- 
motion, variance, disturbance, affray, 
controversy, brawl. 

ANT. Unanimity, concord, compro- 
mise, agreement, reconciliation, con- 
sonance, conversation,harmony. 
Alternative. STN. Choice, resource, 

ANT. Compulsion, quandary, neces- 
sity, fix. 

Altiloquence. SYN. Bombast, in- 
flatedness, turgidity, euphuism, mag- 

ANT. Plain-spokenness, vernacular, 

Altitude. SYN. Height, tallness, ver- 
ticality, ascent, loftiness, eminence, 

ANT. Lowness, depression, descent, 
declination, depth. 

Altogether. SYN. Collectively, com- 
bined, in one, totally, entirely, wholly, 
fully, completely, utterly, thoroughly. 

ANT. Separately, individually, par- 

Amalgamate. SYN. Fuse, commix, 
mix, compound, unite, consolidate, in- 

ANT. Separate, disintegrate, decom- 
pose, disunite, dissipate, detach, dis- 
perse, analyze. 

Amalgamation. [See AMALGA- 
MATE ]7 

Amass. SYN. Collect, accumulate, ag- 
gregate, heap, gather, store up, hoard, 
pile up. 

ANT. Divide, dissipate, waste, scat- 
ter, disperse, parcel, portion, spend. 


Amazement. SYN. Astonishment^ 
awe, wonder, bewilderment, surprise, 
stupefication, marvel. 

ANT. Expectation, preparation, an- 
ticipation, familiarity, calmness, com- 
posure, coolness, self-possession. 

Amazing. SYN. Astounding, aston- 
ishing, bewildering, marvellous, pro- 
digious, miraculous, vast, portentous, 
ominous, striking, wonderful, surpris- 
ing, astounding, extraordinary. 

ANT. Common, ordinary, familiar, 
trivial, commonplace, customary, frt 
quent, usual. 

Ambagious. SYN. Tortuous, indi- 
rect, anfractuous, circumlocutory, cir- 
cuitous, periphrastic, ambiguous, un- 
intelligible, pointless, disjointed. 

ANT. Simple, straightforward, plain, 
direct, obvious, intelligible, lucid, con- 
densed, pointed, terse, pungent, teU- 

Ambiguous. SYN. Equivocal, vague, 
doubtful, enigmatical, uncertain, ob- 
scure, unintelligible, perplexing, in- 
distinct, dubious. 

ANT. Univocal,pbvious, plain, clear, 
unambiguous, indisputable, necessary, 
unmistakable, unequivocal, lucid. 

Ambition. SYN. Aspiration, emula- 
tion, appetition. 

ANT. Indifference, inappetency,con- 
tentment, moderation. 

Ameliorate. SYN. Improve, raise, 
better, advantage, promote, advance, 
amend, rectify, meliorate. 

ANT. Debase, depress, deteriorate, 
injure, impair, vitiate, spoil, mar. 

Amenable. SYN. Liable, dependent, 
responsible, answerable, accountable, 
subject, pliant, impressible,ductile,dc- 

ANT. Independent, autocratic, un- 
amenable, irresponsible, refractory, 

Amend. SYN. Improve, mend, repair, 
correct, rectify, better, ameliorate, re- 

ANT. Deteriorate, degenerate, neg- 
lect, aggravate, tarnish, blemish, spoil, 
corrupt, vitiate, impair, mar. 

Amends. SYN. compensation, satis- 
faction, acknowledgment, atonement, 
expiation, recompense, indemnity, re- 
muneration, apology, reparation, res- 


ANT. Iiisult, fault, offense, injury. 

Amenity. SYN. Pleasantness, mild- 
ness, blandness,graciousness,geniiility, 
compliableness, courtesy, obliging- 

ANT. Unpleasantness, moroseness, 
harshness, austerity, roughness, un- 
graciousness, bearishness, rigor, as- 
perity, angularity, discourtesy. 

Amerce. STN. Find, bind, mulct, con- 

ANT. Remit, acquit, absolve, indem- 
nify, release. 

Amiable. STN. Lovable, good, kind, 
benevolent, charitable, delectable, en- 
gaging, fascinating, agreeable, lovely, 
pleading, charming, attractive. 

ANT. Churlish, disagreeable, hate- 
ful, abominable, ill-natured, ill-con- 
ditioned, unamiable. 

Amicable. Srn. Friendly ,propitious, 
favorable, kind, cordial, neighborly, 


ANT. Unfriendly, unpropitious, un- 
favorable, unkind, cold, distant, an- 
tagonistic, hostile, adverse. 

Amidst. STN. Between, among, be- 
ANT. Outside, without, beyond. 

Amiss. STN. Wrong, untrue, wide, 
bad, false, defective, short, inappro- 
priate, inopportune, injudicious, un- 
timely, abortive. 

ANT. Right, true,good, complete, ef- 
fective, successful, satisfactory, con- 
summate, expedient, appropriate, op- 

Ami) Y. STN. Friendliness, peace, eo- 
ciableness, good-will. 

ANT. Coolness, distance, indiffer- 
ence, hostility, opposition, acrimony, 
antagonism, asperity, hatred, dislike, 
repugnance, unfriendliness. 

AiiiiK-Mly . STN. Pardon, acquittal, re- 
mission, condonation, oblivion, dis- 
pensation, absolution. 

ANT. Penalty, retaliation, punish- 
ment, retribution, requital, visitation, 
infliction, exaction, trial, account. 

Among. ! Sro AMIDSI j. 

Amorphous. STN. Shapeless, un- 
arranged, unformed, incompact, in- 
choate, incomplete, unordered, float- 
ing, unmouldcd, natant, discurrent. 

ANT. systematized, arranged, com- 
pact, finished, shapely, crystallized,de- 
, stereotyped, moulded. 


Amount, r. STN. Reach, rise, come, 
attain, extend. 

ANT. Fall, recede, relapse, decline, 

Amount, n. STN. Total, aggregate, 
sum, whole, quantity,totality,equality. 
ANT. Failure, decrease, deficiency, 
portion, instalment, deficit, insuffi- 

Ample. STN. Large, bountiful, liberal, 
copious, spacious, roomy, diffusive, 
full, complete, sufficient, plentiful 

ANT. Narrow, niggardly, insuffi- 
cient, stingy, scant, mean, stint, bare. 

Amplification. [See AMPLIFY]. 

Amplify. STN. Enrich, enlarge, in- 
crease, augment, multiply, dilate, de- 
velop, swell, expatiate, expand, dis 
cuss, unfold, extend, 

ANT. Retrench, amputate, curtail, 
condense, abbreviate, epitomize, gath, 
er, collect, sum. 

Amplitude. [See AMPLE]. 

Amputate. STN. Prune, lop, curtail, 
clip, remove. 

ANT. Extend,enlarge,augment,elon- 
gate, amplify, t rain, trail, develop,pra 

Analogy. STN.Relation,resemblance. 
proportion, similarity, similitude, co- 
incidence, affinity, comparison, par- 

. ity. 

ANT. Disproportion, dissimilarity, 
disharmony, irrelativeness, heteroge- 
neousness, incongruity, inaffinity. 

Analysis. STN. Dissection,separation, 
anatomy, segregation, decomposition, 
resolution, partition. 

ANt. Composition, synthesis, aggre- 
gation, combination, coalition, amal- 
gamation, coherence. 

Anarchy. STN, Disorder, tumult, re- 
bellion, riot, misgovernment, insubor- 

ANT. Order, subjection,government, 
organization, control, law. 

Anatomy. STN. Dissection, division, 
segregation, analysis, resolution, dis- 

ANT. Synthesis, collocation, organi- 
zation, union, construction, structure, 
form, body. 

Ancient. STN. Old, antiquated, old- 
fashioned, antique, obsolete, old-time, 
aged, primeval, primordial, immemo 
rial, time-honored. 


AKT. New, young, modern, juvenile, 
upstart, fresh, parvenu. 
Ancillary. SYN. Assistant, subservi- 
ent, promotive, auxiliary, accessory, 
conducive, available, useful, applic- 

ANT. Insubservient,redundant, inap- 
propriate, irrelevant, alien, inopera- 
tive, unconducive, adverse, counterac- 
tive, obstructive,impertinent, prevent- 

Anew. SYN. afresh,again, repeatedly. 
ANT. Of old, continuously, uninter- 

Anlractuoslty. SYN. Tortnousness, 
ambagiousness, angularity,ambiguity, 
circumlocution, disjointedness. 

ANT. Straightforwardness, direct- 

Angelic. SYN. Pure, ethereal, spirit- 
ual, lovely, heavenly, seraphic, rap- 
turous, divine. 

ANT. Foul, hideous, demoniacal, di- 
abolical, hellish, fiendish. 
Anger, n. SYN. Ire,incen8ement,vexa- 
tion, grudge, pique, exasperation, in- 
dignation, enmity, displeasure, irrita- 
tion, passion, spleen, gall, resentment, 
rage, animosity, fury, choler, wrath. 

ANT. Peace,peacefulness, peaceable- 
ness, appeasement, forgiveness, good- 
will, patience, forbearance, reconcili- 
ation, conciliatoriness, mildness. 
Anger, v. SYN. Enrage, vex, kindle, 
fret, ruffle, chafe,infuriate,exasperate, 
provoke, irritate, incense, wound, in- 
flame, imbitter. 

ANT. To appease, compose, forbear, 
allay,soothe, calm, conciliate, heal. 
Angry. SYN. Wrathful, irate, resent- 
ful, ireful, incensed, furious, irficible, 
choleric, moody, nettled, toucl y, sul- 
len, piqued, excited, provoked,! iging, 
chafed, hasty, hot, exasperated, indig- 
nant, passionate. 

ANT. Peaceful, forgiving, fo -bear- 
ing, calm,good-ternpered, unrest ntful. 
Anguish. SYN. Pain, pang, wo ), sor- 
row, distress, grief, discomfor , tor- 
ture, excruciation, agony, tormt at. 

ANT. Ease, pleasure, eiijoymei t, ec- 
stasy, rapture, relief, solace, coi ifort, 

Animadversion. SYN. Rebukt, dis- 
approval, censure, blame. 

ANT. Praise, approval, encourage- 
ment, eulogy. 


Animate. SYN. Enliven, Inspirit, iik 
stigate, quicken, exhilarate, embolden, 
rouse, revivify, cheer, gladden, stir, 
prompt, incite, stimulate. 

ANT. Dishearten, deter, cow, stifl<S 
depress, damp, deaden, discourage. 
Animated. SYN. Boused, excited, in- 
spirited, exhilarated, enlivened, viva- 
cious, stirred, lively, brisk, enlivening, 
inspiring, spirited. 

ANT. Sluggish, indolent, indifferent, 
dull, languid, flat, tame. 
Animation. SYN. Life, vivacity, live- 
liness, airinesp,cheerfulness,brisknes ; 
alacrity, buoyancy,spirit,exhilaration, 
sprlghtliness, promptitude, alertness, 

ANT. Expiration, spiritlessness, dul- 
ness, dolerulness, deadness, stolidity, 

Animosity. SYN. Hatred, antipathy, 
dissention, aversion, acrimony, feud, 
strife, rancor, antagonism, bitterness, 
acerbity, hostility, enmity, malice, an- 
ger, malevolence, ill-will, malignity, 
feeling against. 

ANT. Congeniality, companionship, 
friendship, sympathy, fellow-feeling, 
unanimity, harmony,concord, regard, 
alliance, kindliness. 

Annals. SYN. Chronicles, memorials, 
records, registers, history, archives. 

ANT. Tradition, legend, romance, 

Annex. SYN. Add, attach, fasten, affix, 
subjoin, append, connect, unite. 

ANT. Withdraw, detach, disconnect, 
separate, disengage, disunite, remove. 
Annihilate. SYN. Abolish, destroy, 
bring to nought, uproot, eradicate, 
nullify, exterminate, end, extinguish, 
demolish, obliterate, efface. 

ANT. Keep, conserve, preserve, fos- 
ter,tend, protest,cherish,develope,sta- 
bilitate, augment, cultivate, perpetu- 

Annotation. SYN. Explanation, crit- 
icism, remark, note,commeutary, elu- 
cidation, observation, comment. 

ANT. Statement, assertion, proposi- 
tion, narrative, text. 

Announce. SYN. Declare, propound, 
give notice, enunciate, advertise, pub- 
lish, report, notify, make known, give 
out, reveal, herald, proclaim, intimate, 

ANN ! 

AST. Conceal, suppre?. hush, rtiflf, 
withhold, shroud, bury, burke. 

Annoy. SYN. Tease, vex, irritate, dis- 
turb, affront, molest, pain, 
commode, tantalize, bother, weary, in- 
convenience, plague, discommode, ha- 
rass, chafe, trouble. 

ANT. Soothe, conciliate, appease, re- 
gard, quiet, accommodate, study , tend, 
foster, cherish, smooth, gratify 

Annoyance. SYN. Trouble, discom- 
fort, vexation, worry, nuisance, both- 
er, uneasiness, plague, bore. 

ANT. Joy, gladness, gratification, de- 
light, ease, pleasure. 

Annul. SYN. Cancel, obliterate, make 
void, quash, nullify, revoke, rescind, 
destroy, set aside, abrogate,extiuguish, 
abolish, repeal. 

ANT. Foster, protect, conserve, con- 
firm, maintain, enact, re-enact, insti- 
tute, establish. 

Anomalous. SYN. Irregular, abnor- 
mal, exceptional, unusual, eccentric, 

ANT. Regular, normal, usual, ordi- 
nary, common, wonted, in theorderof 

Anomaly. SYN. Irregularity, abnor- 
mity, exception, informality, peculiar- 
ity, eccentricity. 

ANT. Conformity, regularity, illus- 
tration, conformance, exemplification, 

Anon. SYN. Soon, shortly, presently. 
ANT. Hereafter. 

Anonymous. SYN. Nameless, unat- 
tested, authorless, unidentified, unau- 

ANT. Authenticated, attested, identi- 
fied, authorized, verified, signed. 

Answer. SYN. Reply, response, coun- 
ter-argument.confutation, acceptance, 
(as of a challenge), tally, counterpart, 
solution, vindication, apology, excul- 
pation, defense, rejoinder, repartee, 

ANT. Challenge, question, defiance, 
summons, interrogation, query. 

&n*werable. SYN. Liable,amenable, 
accountable, responsible, correspond- 
ent, agreeing, 

ANT. Independent, unanswerable, ir- 
responsible, different, unsuitable, dis- 
agreeing, disMmilHr. 

Antagonism. SYN. Hostility, oppo- 
sition, animosity, enmity. 
ANT. Amity, alliance, association. 


Antagonist. SYN. Adversary, oppo- 
nent, rival, competitor, foe, enemy. 

ANT. Aider, abettor, accomplice, a<v 
eessoiy, ally. 

Antagonistic. SYN. Adverse, oppos- 
ing, inimical, hostile, repugnant, con- 

ANT. Favoring, aiding, harmonious, 
friendly, agreeable to. 

Antecedence. SYN. Anteriority, pri- 
ority, precursorship, premonition, In- 
troduction, preparation, pre-existence. 
ANT. Posteriority, subsequence, suc- 
cession, sequel, supervention, conse- 

Antecedent. [See ANTERIOR.] 

Anterior. SYN. Prior, foregoing, an- 
tecedent, previous, precursive, prece- 
dent, earlier, Introductory, prelimina- 
ry, former. 

ANT. Posterior, later, subsequent, 
consequent, succeeding. 

Anticipate. SYN. ForestalUprejudge, 
expect, foretaste, apprehend, prevent, 
prearrange, prepare, prejudge, meet, 
obviate, intercept, forecast. 

ANT. Remember, recollect, remedy, 
recall, undo, cure, misapprehend. 

Anticipation. SYN. Prevention, ex- 
pectation, forestallment,awaiting,pre- 
occupation, preconception, foresight, 
elusion, pregustation, antepast, fore- 
cast, provision. 

ANT. Surprise, unpreparedness. un. 
expectedness.inexpectation, actual en- 
joyment, non-expectation, realization, 

Antipathy. SYN. Repugnance, dis- 
like, hatred, detestation, contrariety, 
aversion, distaste, uncongeniality, an- 
tagonism, hostility, opposition, abhor- 

ANT. Sympathy, kindliness, congen- 
iality, fellow-feeling,amnity, harmony. 

Antiquated. SYN. By-gone, quaint, 
old-fashioned, obsolete. 

ANT. Fashionable, modish, stylish, 

Antique. SYN. Archaic, ancient, an- 
ANT. Modern, recent, new-fangled. 

Antithesis. SYN. Contrast, opposi- 
tion, contradiction, antagonism. 

ANT. Identity, sameness, converti- 
bility, coincidence, coalescence. 

Anxiety. SYN. Care, trouble, eager- 

ANI 2 

ness, disquiet, apprehension, careful- 
ness, diffidence, solicitude,misgiving. 
ANT. Carelessness, ease, confidence, 
contentment, acquiescence, content- 
edness, apathy, light-hear tedness, non- 

Anxious. SYN. Solicitous, careful, 
uneasy, concerned, restless, watchful, 
disturbed, unquiet. 

ANT. Without care, careless, inert, 
ease, unconcerned, calm, composed. 
Apaee. SYN. Rapidly, fast, astride, ea- 
gerly, ahead, expeditiously, speedily. 

ANT. Slowly, imperceptibly, leisure- 
ly, creepingly, crawlingly, sluggishly, 

Apart. STN. Aloof, away, separately, 
secret, asunder, privately, aside, se- 
cretly, separate. 

ANT. Close, together, united, along 
with, hand ill hand. 

Apartment. SYN. Koom, chamber, 
hall, lodging, berth. 

ANT. Resident, dweller, lodger, oc- 
cupant, inmate,tenant, housebuilding. 
Apathy. SYN. Indifference, insensi- 
bility, unfeelingness in company, in- 
susceptibility, unconcern, sluggish- 
ness, hebetude. 

ANT. Anxiety, care, eagerness, in- 
terestedness, sensibility, susceptibili- 
ty, sensitiveness,irritability, curiosity. 
Apathetic. SYN. Unfeeling, stoical, 
cold, frigid, indifferent, impassive, in- 
sensible, insensitive. 

ANT. Anxious, careful, sympathetic, 
sensitive, susceptible. 
Ape. v. SYN. Mimic, imitate, simulate, 
personate, represent. 

ANT. Not to imitate, vary, modify, 

Aperture. SYN. Opening, gap,chasm, 
fissure, cleft. 

ANT. Closure,blocking up,seclusion, 
imperviousness, blank wall, shutting 

Apex. [See ACME]. 
Aphorism. SYN. Adage, apothegm, 
maxim, saying, precept, rule, prov- 

ANT. Lecture, exhortation,desserta- 
tion, disquisition. 

Apiece. SYN. Distributively, individ- 
ually, separately, severally,analytical- 


ANT. Collectively, together, aceuniu- 


latively, indiscriminately, confusedly, 

Apocalypse. SYN. Revelation, man- 
i f estation, unveiling, exhibition, divest- 
ment, exposure, disclosure. 

ANT. Concealment, suppression, ob- 
scuration, veiling, shrouding, eclipse, 

Apocryphal. SYN. Obscure, doubt- 
ful, unauthorized, unauthentic, spuri- 
ous, legendary, uncertain, unauthenti- 
cated, unverified. 

ANT. Palpable,acoepted, authorized, 
authentic, genuine, current, undispu- 
ted, verified, attested. 
Apologue. SYN. Fable, fiction, para- 

ANT. Precept, history, narrative. 
Apology. SYN. Defense,justification, 
plea, exculpation, excuse, vindication, 
acknowledgment, confession. 

ANT. Charge, imputation, impeach- 
ment, offense, incrimination, injury, 
accusation, wrong, insult. 
Apostate. [See RENEGADE]. 
Apothegm. SYN. Proverb,adage, dic- 
tum, maxim, saw, saying. 

ANT. (As not so condensed). Exhor- 
tation, sermon, discourse,disquisition. 
Appal. SYN. Affright, alarm, terrify, 
scare, daunt, cow, shock, frighten, dis- 
couraged, dishearten, horrify, dismay, 

ANT. Encourage, rally, assure, em- 
bolden, reassure. 

Apparel. SYN. Clothes, robes, vest- 
ure, vestments, raiment, garniture, 
habiliments, habit, dress, clothing, ca- 
parison, trappings, housings. 

ANT. Nudity, disinvestiture, desha- 
bille, tatters, rags. 

Apparent. SYN. Obvious, plain, con- 
spicuous, manifest, appearing, unmis- 
takable, clear, probable, seeming, pre- 
sumable, likely, patent, ostensible,vlsl- 
ble, evident,indubi table,notorious,cer- 

ANT. Uncertain, dubious, inappar- 
ent, minute, unobservable, improba- 
ble, insupposable, hidden, real. 
Appeal. SYN. Accost, address, apos- 
trophize, invite, cite, invoke, urge, re- 
fer, call upon, entreat, request, resort. 
ANT. Deprecate, repudiate, protest, 
disavow, disclaim, defy, abjure. 
Appearance. SYN. Advent, coming, 
arrival, presence, apparition, . aspeot. 

AMP * 

tnamfestatlon,probablliry,llkeness, ex- 
hibition, mien, manner,semblance,air, 
show, look, pretense, likelihood, pre- 

ANT. Departure, disappearance, un- 
jikelihood, non-appearance, conceal- 
ment, evanition. 

Appease. SYN. Pacify. BSPURRO, miti- 
gate, conciliate, propitiate, moderate, 
satisfy, stay, allay, quiet, soften, calm. 
compose, soothe, hush, cool, tranquil- 

ANT. Excite, provoke, aggravate, ex- 
asperate, inflame,embitter,incense, in- 
tensify, stimulate, kindle. 

Appellation. SYN. Name,patronym- 
ic, cognomen, style, description,desig- 
iiation, title, denomination, term. 

ANT, Namelessness,non-description, 

Append. SYN. Affix, supplement,sub- 
join, attach. 

ANT. Separate, disengage, discon- 
nect, detach. 

Appendage, Appendix, n. SYN. 
Addition, annexation, adjunct, supple- 

ANT. Subtraction, separation, amal- 
gamation, disconnection, detachment, 
disjunction, division, incorporation. 

Appended. SYN. Added, joined, nf- 
fixed, subjoined, attached, appended, 
additional, concomitant. 

ANT. Detracted, disconnected, sepa- 
rated, disjoined, divided 

Appertaining. [See CONCERNING]. 

Appetite. SYN. Passion, desire, pro- 
pensity, proclivity,inclination,propen- 
sion, appetency, want , craving, dispo- 
sition, tendency, proneness. 

ANT. Repugnance, aversion, antipa- 
thy, loathing, indifference, apathy. 

Applaud. SYN. Laud, praise, extol, 
approve, eulogize, commend, cry up, 
magnify, encourage, cheer. 

ANT. Disapprove, denounce, decry, 
censure, execrate. 

Applause. SYN. Praise, plaudit, laud- 
ation, encomium, commendation, ap- 
probation, acclamation, approval, eu- 
logy, acclaim. 

ANT. Obloquy, condemnation, de- 
nunciation, dissatisfaction, contempt, 

Appliance. SYN. Contrivance, mech- 
anism, arrangement, means, agency. 


A.NT. Spontaneity, growth, produo. 
tion, evolution, development. 

Applicable. SYN. Available, ancilla. 
ry, convenient, useful, pertinent, con- 
ducive, appropriate. 

ANT. Useless, unavailable, incondo- 
cive, inapplicable, irrelevant. 

Application [See DILIGENCE]. 

Apply. SYN. Adduce, use, employ, al- 
lot, dedicate, devote, exercise, appor- 
tion, direct, engage. 

ANT. Disuse, divorce.discard, super- 
sede, alienate, remove, misapply, mis- 
direct, divert, misappropriate, misem- 

Appoint. SYN. Fix, determine, instal, 
allot, order, prescribe, institute, em- 
ploy, apportion, apply, designate, as- 
sign, intrust, invest, ordain, arrange. 
ANT. Reverse, cancel, recall, with- 
draw, reserve, withhold, retain, undo, 
suspend, disarrange, disappoint. 

Apportion. SYN. Assign, deal, allot, 
grant, share, divide, dispense, admin- 
ister, distribute, appoint. 

ANT. Reserve, retain, refuse, with- 
hold, assume, resume, cancel, divert, 
suspend, reapportion, reappoint. 

Apportionment. [See APPORTION]. 

Apposite. SYN. Suitable,appropriate, 
befitting, fitting, timely, congruous, 
consistent, pertinent, seasonable, rele- 
vant, fit, meet, adapted, apropos. 

ANT. Untimely, irrelevant, imperti- 
nent, unfitting, mistimed, misplaced, 
misspoken, inappropriate,misjudged. 

Appraise. SYN. Value, survey, esti- 
mate, price. 

ANT. Undervalue.discard, condemn, 
brand, misappreciate, misestimate. 

Appreciate. SYN. Esteem.recognize, 
acknowledge, respect, value, prize, re- 
gard, reckon, estimate. 

ANT. Undervalue, misconceive, mis- 
judge, ignore, misappreciate. 

Apprehend. SYN. Comprehend, un- 
derstand, take, expect, seize, conceive, 
arrest, fancy, dread,imagine,presume, 
anticipate, fear, conjecture. 

ANT. Ignore, miss, lose, misconjec- 
ture, misconceive, misapprehend, mis- 

Apprehension. [See APPREHEND]. 

Apprise, or. Apprize. SYN. Tell, 
inform, disclose, publish, advise, ad- 
vertise, communicate, enlighten, i\ 

APP 36 

ANT. Hoodwink, mystify, deceive, 

Approach. STN. Access, avenue, en- 
trance, adit,vestibule, arrival, approx- 
imation, advent, Bearing, admission, 
appropinquation, admittance, mode, 
path, way, advance, similarity. 

ANT. Exit, egress, debouchure, out- 
let, departure, recession, distance, di- 
versity, disparity. 

Approbation. STN. Approval, satis- 
faction, praise, encouragement, con- 
firmation, assent, consent,permission, 
commendation, concurrence, accept- 

ANT. Disapproval, censure, blame, 
dissatisfaction, discouragement, repu- 
diation, protest, denial, refusal, dis- 
claimer, disavowal, disparity, dissimi- 

Approval. [See APPROBATION]. 

Approve. STN. Like, comment, sanc- 
tion, praise, support, second, promote, 
encourage, authorize. 

ANT. Disapprove, dislike, censure, 
blame, disown, disavow. 

Appropriate. [See FIT]. 

Approximate. STN. Approach, re- 
semble, border, abut, near, trench. 

ANT. Separate, differ, vary, recede, 
diverge, deviate. 

Appurtenant. STN. Belonging, con- 
nected, appropriate, appended, homo- 
geneous, attached, co-ordinate, con- 

ANT. Unconnected, disconnected, 
Inappropriate, detached, isolated, in- 
congruous, unallied, unrelated, inde- 
pendent, heterogeneous. 

Apt. STN. Fit, apposite, clever, meet, 
liable, becoming, appropriate, ready, 
fitting, suitable, pertinent, qualified, 
prompt, adapted, likely. 

ANT. Unfitted, ill-timed, awkward, 
unlikely, inapt. 

Aptitude. STN. Fitness, liability, sus- 
ceptibility, suitableness, read'iness, 
quickness, cleverness, proneness, ten- 

ANT. Unfltaess, nnsuitableness, in- 
susceptibility, slowness, stupidity, un- 
readiness, awkwardness. 

Arbiter. STN. Arbitrator, judge, um- 
pire, moderator, director, referee, ad- 

ANT. Appellant, claimant,disputant, 


Arbitrary. SYN.Tyrannlcal, 
harsh, dictatorial, imperious, 
bearing, overbearing, selfish, absolute, 
irresponsible, tyrannous, domineer- 
ing, peremptory. 

ANT. Mild, modest, lenient, consid- 
erate, obliging, limited, equitable, 

Arbitrate. STN. Settle, adjust, com- 
pose, decide, determine,accommodate, 

ANT. Dispute, claim, appeal, misde- 
termine, litigate, contend, misjudge. 

Archaic. [See ANCIENT]. 

Architect. STN. Constructor, con- 
triver, designer, builder, surveyor, 

ANT. Workman carrying out plans, 
destroyer, extinguisher. 

Ardent. SYN. Longing, passionate, as- 
piring, -warm, eager, fervent, excited, 
fiery, glowing, zealous, fervid, fierce, 
keen, vehement, hot, affectionate, im- 
passioned, burning, heated. 

ANT. Cool, cold, indifferent, dis- 
passioned, apathetic, passionless, un, 
impassioned, phlegmatic, platonic. 

Ardor. [See ARDENT]. 

ArdlloiiM. STN. Difficult, hard, lofty, 
onerous, laborious, steep, precipitous. 
f v r. Easy, practicable,unlaborious, 
light, trivial. 

Argue. SYN. Discuss, debate, prove, 
question, evidence, establish, imply, 
sift.dispute, persuade, controvert,con- 
tend, demonstrate, reason. 

ANT. Dictate, assert,propound,com- 

Argument. STN. Reasoning, contro- 
versy, evidence, discussion, topic, dis- 

ANT. Assertion, assumption,without 
proof or evidence. 

Arid. STN. Dry, parched, sterile, un- 

ANT. Moist, dewy, watered, fertile, 
luxuriant, exuberant, verdant, bloom- 
ing, productive. 

Aright. STN. Right, well, rightly, cor- 
rectly, truly, properly, uprightly, un- 
exceptionably, justly, suitably, appro- 

ANT. Wrongly, awry, incorrectly, 
improperly, defectively, erroneously. 

Arm. STN. Equip, gird, accoutre, ar- 

ARM 2v 

ANT. Disarm, ungird, divest, dis- 

Army. SYN. Troops, soldiery, legion, 
soldiers, military, phalanx, host, mul- 

ANT. Fewness, a small number, In- 
dividual, paucity, single person. 

Aromatic. [See FRAGRANCE]. 

Around. SYN. About, environing, en- 
ANT. Within, amid, among. 

Arouse. SYK. Stir, excite, disturb, an- 
imate, wake up, stimulate, alarm, pro- 
voke, cheer. 

ANT. Allay, assuage, mitigate, paci- 
fy, compose, moderate, still, quiet. 

Arraign. SYN. Summon, accuse, cen- 
sure, indict, charge, impeach. 

ANT. Acquit, eoiidoue, discharge, re- 

Arrange. SYN. Order, put In order, 
group, array, place, adjust, range, lo- 
cate, dispose, assort, deal, sort, parcel, 

ANT. Derange, disarrange, confuse, 
disturb, disperse, jumble, disorder. 

Afrangement. [See ORDER]. 

Arrant. SYN. Notoriousvconsummate, 
atrocious, vile, flagrant, veritable, un- 
qualified, utter, infamous, cinphii! ic. 

ANT. Suspicious, slight, mitigated, 

Array, v. SYN. Vest, deck, equip, dec- 
orate, rank, adorn, dress, accoutre, in- 
vest, attire, place, arrange, draw up, 
marshal, set in order, dispose. 

ANT. Disarray, disarrange, confuse, 
jumble, divest, denude, strip. 

Array, n. Arrangement, order, dispo- 
sition, sight, exhibition, show, parade. 
ANT. Disarray, disorder, confusion, 
confusedness, jumble. 

Arrest, r. SYN. Seize, take, stop, cap- 
ture, withhold, restrain, hold, detain, 

ANT. Release, dismiss, liberate, free, 
discharge, expedite. 

Arrival, [^oo ARRIVE]. 

Arrive. SYN. Reach, attain, come to, 
enter, get '. >, land. 
ANT. Embark, depart, start. 

Arrogance. SYN. Haughtiness, con- 
temptuousness, overbearingness, hau- 
teur, browbeating, loftiness, self-con- 
ceit, stateliness, vainglory, insolence, 
self-importance, assumption, discour- 


ANT. Bash fulness, servility, consld- 
erateness, deference, courtesy, mod- 
esty, shyness, diffidence, politeness. 

Arrogate. SYN. Claim, assume, vin- 
dicate, assert, demand. 

ANT. Forego, waive, resign, surren- 
der, abandon, disclaim. 

Art. SYN. Science, literature, aptitude, 
readiness, adroitness, skill, dexterity, 
cunning, deceit, duplicity, tactics, pro- 
fession, artifice, management, trade, 
business, calling. 

ANT. Inaptitude,maladroitness,can- 
dor, openness, frankness, mismanage- 

Artful. SYN. Cunning, designing, ma- 
neuvering, sharp, knowing,subtle, sly, 
crafty, wily, shrewd. 

ANT. Simple, undesigning, artless, 
open, innocent, unsophisticated. 

Artifice. SYN. Maneuvre, cheat, wile, 
contrivance, craft, trick, fraud, mach- 
ination, punning, imposture, strata- 

ANT. Fairness, candor, simplicity, 

Artificial. SYN. Invented,fabricated, 
fictitious, constructed, manufactured, 
pretended, simulated, false, assumed, 
concocted, contrived,deceptive, artful, 
affected, unnatural, constrained. 

ANT. Natural, inartificial, genuine, 
spontaneous, transparent, artless, un- 
affected. [See ARTFUL]. 

Artless. [See ARTFUL]. 

Ascend. SYN. Rise, mount, soar, sur- 
mount, go up, climb, tower, scale. 
ANT. Fall, descend, sinl.. 

Ascendancy. SYN. Superiority, ad- 
vantage, mastery, control, influence, 
supremacy, sway, domination, author- 

Ascertain. SYN. Prove, verify, find 
out, discover, confirm, detect, deter- 
mine, learn, discern. 

ANT. Guess,conjecture,surmise,3up- 
pO3e, presume. 

Ascribe. SYN. Assign, attribute, im- 
pute, refer, render, allege, charge. 

ANT. Deny, refuse, exclude, disso- 
ciate, disconnect, dissever. 

Askant. SYN. Awij, r-^ew, asquint, 
obliquely, aslant. 

ANT. Stralghtforwards, forwards, 
rectili nearly, ahead, straight. 

Aspect. SYN. Front, face, phase, side, 
appearance, presentation," exhibition, 


rposure, feature, view, air, mien, de- 
portment, countenance, bearing, com- 
plexion, sight. 
ANT. Back, obverse, rear. 

Asperity. SYN. Acerbity, harshness, 
acrimony, bitterness, sharpness, tart- 
ness, sourness, roughness,moroseness, 
severity, crabbedness. 

ANT. Mildness, softness, sweetness, 
gentleness, pleasantness, smoothness. 

Asperse. SYN. Slander, calumniate, 
bespatter, befoul, defy, attack.defame, 
vilify, traduce, scandalize, malign, de- 
tract from, blacken, tarnish, befoul, 

ANT. Clear, defend, eulogize, vindi- 
cate, shelter, shield, praise, laud, ex- 
tol, uphold. 

Aspiration. SYN. Longing, desire, 
aim, wish, craving, ambition, endeav- 
or, hope, appetition, effort, eagerness. 
ANT. Apathy, indifference, aimless- 
ness, lulness, inertia,callousness,care- 
lessness, aversion, avoidance, reject- 
ion, repudiation. 

Assail. [See ASSAULT]. 

Assault. SYN. Onset, attack, aggres- 
sion, onslaught. 

ANT. Defense, resistance, repulsion, 
retaliation, undermining, sapping, 

Assay. SYN. Test, endeavor, prove, 
ANT. Survey, conjecture,guess,scan. 

Assemble. SYN. Gjuther, collect, con- 
gregate, amass, muster, call together, 
convoke, convene. 

ANT. Scatter, disperse, go away, dis- 

Assembly. SYN. Meeting, concourse, 
assemblage, multitude, group, synod, 
conclave, conference.convocatioa, uni- 
son, company, congregation, collec- 
tion, crowd, gathering, convention, ag- 

ANT. Dispersion, dissipation, disun- 
ion, disruption. 

Assent, n. SYN. Coincidence, agree- 
ment, concert, acknowledgment, con- 
sent, acquiescence, approval, concur- 
rence, approbation, compliance. 

ANT. Dissent, disagreement, differ- 
ence, disavowal, repudiation, declen- 
sion, disclaimer, protest. 

Assent, r. [See CONCEDE], 

Assert. SYN. Asseverate, declare, pro- 

30 ASS 

nounce, depose, maintain, state, avet-, 
avow, avouch, affirm, allege, protest, 

ANT. Deny, contradict, contravene, 
waive, abandon. 

Assets. SYN. goods, proceeds, posses- 
sions, effects, property. 
ANT. Debts, liabilities. 

Asseverate. [Set- ASSERT]. 

Assiduity. SYN. Attention, persever- 
ance, puiiis, patience, exertion, labor, 
application, effort, iuteiitness, con- 
stancy, sedulousnes?, diligence. 

ANT. Indolence, remissness, inat- 
tention, desultoriness, inconstaney, 

Assiduous. [See ASSIDUITY]. 

Assign. SYN. Attribute, apportion,.al- 
lege, refer, specify, consign, intrust, 
commit, point out, allot to, adduce, ad- 
vance, appoint, convey. 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, resume, 
retain, refuse, disconnect, dissociate. 

Assimilate. SYN. Compare, liken, 
match, engross, identify, incorporate, 
absorb, appropriate. 

ANT. Separate, segregate, part, con- 
trast, reject. 

Assist. SYN. Help, succor, aid, support, 
relieve, befriend, second, co-operate 
with, back, benefit, further. 

ANT. Hinder, resist, oppose, antag- 
onize, counteract, clog, prevent. 

Assistance. SYN. Help, aid, counte- 
nance, support, abettance, protection, 
maintenance, coadjutorship. 

ANT. Resistance, obstruction, op- 
position, counteraction, antagonism, 
drawback, clog, preventive. 

Assistant. SYN. Helper, aider, at- 
tendant, coadjutor, auxiliary, ally, as- 
sociate, contributor, partner, confed- 

ANT. Hinderer, opposer, rival, foe, 

Associate. SYN. Companion, friend, 
ally, coadjutor, consort, helpmate, 
comrade, partner. 
ANT. Rival, alien, foe, antagonist. 

Association. SYN. Union, connec' 
tion, conjunction, con^ortment, com- 
panionship, alliance, familiarity, com- 
munity, membership, society, com, 
pany, denomination, partnership, fel- 
lowship, fraternity, frieadship. 

ANT. Disunion, disconnection, es- 
trangement, separation, severance, in- 

Aba 31 

dependence, avoidance,dlsniption,cHs- 
membermeut, solitude, individuality. 

Assorted. SVN Separated, chosen, 
selected, clarified. 

ANT. Mingled, mixed, confused, un- 
classified, jumbled, heaped up. 

Assortment. SYN. Collection, dispo- 
sition, distribution, class, quantilx . sr- 
lection, stock, miscellany, lot, variety. 
ANT. lliMmogamexn, disarrange- 
ment, displacement, misplacement. 

A *u ;::. SYN. Mitigate, soothe, con- 
sole, soften, moderate, pacify, lenify. 
allay, ease, alleviate, abate, diminish, 
lessen, compose, appease, calm, tran- 

ANT. Exasperate, excite, increase, 
stimulate, incite, provoke, inflame, em- 
bitter, aggravate. 

Assuagement. [See ASSUAGE]. 

Assume. SYN. Take, appropriate, ar- 
rogate, wear, exhibit, postulate, sup- 
pose, presume, usurp, claim, pretend, 
feign, affect. 

ANT. Waive, allow, doff,render, sur- 
render, concede, grant, demonstrate, 
abandon, argue, prove. 

Assumption. SYN. Arrogance, bold- 
ness, impudence, self-confidence, self- 
reliance, effrontery, presumptiou.con- 
viction, certainty, self-assertion. 

ANT. Distrust,timidit" ,bashfulness, 
misgiviug,self-distrust, consternation, 
dismay, alarm. 

Assure. SYN. Advise, advertise, prom- 
ise, infor; i, rally, console, encourage, 
countenance, aid, support, convince, 
uphold, certify. 

ANT. Misinform,mlsadvise, mislead, 
deceive, discomfit, disconceit, deter, 
discourage, warn, dissuade, unsettle, 

Assurance- SYN. Arrogance, impu- 
dence, boldness, self-conndence, self- 
reliance, promise, assertion, presump- 
tion, effrontery, self-assertion. 

ANT. Distrust, timidity, bashfuluess, 
mis^ivin^', #elf-distrust,consternation. 

Astonish. SYN. Startle, surprise. eon- 
fouii'l, amaze, astound, fill with won- 
der, stupefy, alarm, terrify, electrify, 
scare, dumbfounder. 

ANT. Rally, encourage, assure, em- 

Astonished. SYN. Amazed, astound- 
ed, overwhelmed, dumbfounded, thun- 


A NT. Calm, tranquil, assured, bold, 

Astonishing. SYN. Amazing, won- 
drous, surprising, wonderful, striking, 

ANT. Foreseen, unamazed, common, 
astonished at nothing, ordinary, nat- 
ural, usual, every-day, trite. 

Astonishment. KYN. Wonder, sur- 
prise, marvel, amazement, admiration, 
uwe, bewilderment, stupefaction, fas- 

ANT. Expectance, expectation, anti- 
cipation, foreseeing, at>sence of won- 
der, awe, etc. 

Astray. SYN. Loose, abroad, missing, 
about, at large, wrong, erring, wan- 
ANT. Right, close, at home, safe. 

Astute. SYN. Crafty, shrewd, knowing, 
sharp, discriminating, sagacious, pen- 
etrating, acute, discerning, keen. 

ANT. Dull, unobserviug, undiscrim- 
mating, stolid, asinine,auserine,blind. 

Asunder. SYN. Separate, apart, dis- 
united, divided, in twain. 
ANT. In one, close, united, together. 

Athletic. SYN. Strong, vigorous, pow. 
erful, stalwart, brawny,muscular, able- 
bodied, lusty, sinewy, robust. 

ANT. Weak, puny, effeminate, nerv- 
less, strengthless, unbraced. 

Atom. SYN. Molecule, particle, mote, 
speck, scrap, bit. 
ANT. Mass, whole, aggregate, lump. 

Atonement. SYN. Reconciliation. ex- 
piation, compensation, preparation, 
satisfaction, recompense. 

ANT. Alienation, separation,enmity, 
estrangement, division, offense, trans- 

Atrocious. SYN. Monstrous, nefari- 
ous, wicked, outrageous, villainous, 
enormous, shameful, heinous, cruel, 
flagrant, facinorous, flagitious. 

ANT. Laudable, noble, honorable, 
generous, humane, admirable, chival- 

Attach. SYN. Fasten, apply, append, 
add, fix, subjoin, annex, unite, concili- 
ate, tie, connect, conjoin, attract, win, 

ANT. Unfasten, Ioose,di8unite, untie, 
disconnect, detach, alienate, estrange, 

Attachment. [See ATTACH]. 

Attack. (-. SYN. Assail, assault, iuvad% 



encounter, charge, besiege, Impugn, 

ANT. Defend, resist, repel, protest, 
withstand oil one's own part, or for 
another, support, aid, shield, uphold, 
vindicate, shelter. 

Attack, n. SYS. Invasion, assault, 

: onset, aggression, onslaught. 

ANT. Defense, resistance, repulse, 
protection, aid, vindication, support, 
maintenance, shelter. 

Attain. SYN. Reach, extend, master, 
arrive at, compass, earn, win, achieve, 
accomplish, get, obtain, acquire, gain, 
secure, grasp. 

ANT. Lose, fail, forfeit, miss, aban- 
don, resign. 

Attainment. SYN. Information, ac- 
quirements, accomplishments. 
ANT. Intuition, inspiration, genius. 

Attemper. SYN. Moderate, subdue, 
compound, commingle, adapt, adjust, 
harmonize, modify, blend, attune,mix, 
mold, work, medicate, amalgamate, nc- 

ANT. Discompose, confuse, spoil, ag- 
gravate, mar. 

Attempt. SYN. Try, endeavor, strive, 
undertake, seek, essay, attack, violate, 

ANT. Disregard,abandon, pretermit, 
dismiss, neglect, shun, drop. 

Attempt, n. [See EFFORT]. 

Attend. SYN. Listen, heed, notice, ob- 
serve, wait on, serve, mind, watch, ac- 
company, consort, follow, imply, in- 

ANT. Wander, disregard, leave, for- 
sake, abandon, desert, exclude, neu- 

Attention. SYN. Observation, notice, 
regard, watchfulness, heed, considera- 
tion, circumspection, study, vigilance, 

ANT. Disregard, inadvertence, re- 
mission, indifference, carelessness,ab- 
straction, distraction, absence. 

Attentive. [See OBSEKVANT]. 

Attenuate. SYN. Educe, elongate, re- 
duce, fine-drawn, narrow, contract, 
diminish, compress. 

ANT. Broaden, increase, expand, di- 
late, swell, enlarge, develop, amplify. 

Attest. SYN. Vouch, aver, assert, cer- 
tify, witness, vouch for, affirm, testify, 
evidence, support, confirm, suggest, 

prove, involve, demonstrate, establish, 
imply, bespeak. 

ANT. Deny, controvert, contradict, 
contravene, disprove, disestablish, ex- 
clude, neutralize, upset, oppugn, re- 

Attestation. [See EVIDENCE]. 

Attire. SYN. Robes, garments, cloth- 
ing, vestments, habiliment, habit, rai- 
ment, clothes, garb, apparel, accoutre- 
ment, livery, uniform, costume. 

ANT. Nudity, divestment, exposure, 
denudation, bareness, disarray, disha- 
bille, tatters, rags, patches, shreds. 

Attitude. SYN. Posture, position, sit- 
uation, standing, composition, colloca- 
tion, aspect, pose, lie. 

ANT. Evolution, exercise, bearing, 
deportment, movement, gesticulation, 
maneuvre, gesture. 

Attract. SYN. Influence, induce, dis- 
pose, incline, tempt, prompt, allure, 
charm, fascinate, invite, entice. 

ANT. Repel, deter, indispose, disin- 
cline, estrange, alienate. 

Attraction. SYN. Inducement, influ- 
ence, adduction, inclination, disposi- 
^iou, charm, beauty, allurement. 

ANT. Repulsion, disinclination,aver- 
sion, indisposition, deformity, repug- 

Attractive. SYN. Winning, alluring, 
tempting, inviting, engaging, captivat- 
ing, fascinating, enticing, interesting, 
charming, pleasant, beautiful, agree- 

ANT. Unattractive, repugnant, re- 
pulsive, uninteresting, disagreeable, 
unpleasant, deformed, ugly, deterrent, 
loathsome, forbidding. 

Attribute, v. SYN. Refer, assign, asso- 
ciate, apply, ascribe, charge, impute, 

ANT. Divorce, disconnect,dissociate, 

Attribute, n. SYN. Property, quality, 
characteristic, attainment, sign, mark, 
indication, manifestation. 

ANT. Its correlative, viz. Essence, 
nature, substance, etc., or, spuriously, 
affectation, misnomer, semblance, as- 
sumption, mask, veil. 

Attrition. SYN. Sorrow, repentance, 
affliction, penitence, compunction, re- 
morse, self-reproach. 

ANT. Impenitence, callousness, ob- 
duracy, reprobation, relentlessnesa. 

Ai-1 33 

Attune. SYN. Temper, attemper, har- 
monize, adjust, accommodate. 

ANT. Unstring, disharmonize, disar- 
range, discompose, dislocate, disturb, 

Audacious. SYN. Insolent, adventur- 
ous, venturesome, presumptuous, val- 
iant, rash, bold, daring, reckless, en- 

ANT. Timid, cowardly, cautious, in- 
adventurous,un venturesome, unenter- 

Audacity. SYN. Boldness, rashness, 
temerity, recklessness, hardihood. 

ANT. Caution, self-preservation, ti- 
midity, calculation, forethought, fore- 
sight, diffidence, inadventurousness. 

Audience. SYN. Hearers, assembly, 
auditory, conference, parley, recep- 
tion, interview. 

ANT. Soliloquy, monologue, apos- 

Augment. [See ENI^RGE]. 

Augmentation. SYN. Increase, en- 
largement, amplification, enrichment, 
supply, enhancement, addition, acqui- 
sition, improvement. 

ANT. Deduction, detraction, diminu- 
tion, contraction, withdrawal, reserva- 
tion, expenditure, loss, waste, detri- 
ment, deterioration, impoverishment, 
reduction, curtailment. 

Augury. SYN. Prophecy, prediction, 
divination,conjecture, omen, prognos- 

ANT. Experience, science, observa- 

August, a. SYN. Majestic, dignified, 
stately, noble, pompous, imposing, 
grand, solemn, exalted. 

ANT. Mean,undignified,unimposing, 
common, vulgar, despicable, paltry, 
unnoticeable, beggarly, common- 

Auxpiclons. SYN. Propitious, lucky, 
favorable, encouraging, satisfactory, 
successful, hopeful, promising, happy, 
golden, fortunate, opportune, pros- 

ANT. Unpropitious, unfavorable, 
discouraging, unsatisfactory, inau- 
. i>icio u s,unpromising, abortive, hope- 

Austere. SYN. Hard, rigid, stern, se- 
vere, morose, unrelenting, unyield- 
ing, strict, rigorous, harsh, sour, re- 

ANT. Mild, affahle, kindly, tender, 
feeling, bland, inaalgent, genial. 

Authentic. SYN. Genuine, veritable, 
reliable, real, original, trustworthy, 
uot spurious, true, legitimate,certain, 
accepted, current, received. 

ANT. Unreliable, spurious, false, 
apocryphal, disputed, exploded, re- 
jected, counterfeit, unfounded, unau- 
thorized, baseless, fabulous, fictitious. 

Authenticate. SYN. Confirm, settle, 
establish, verify, substantiate, identify. 
ANT. Contravene, disprove, dises- 
tablish, refute, upset. 

Author. SYN. Creator, producer, in- 
ventor, originator, pareut,cause, con- 
structor, agent, maker, composer, fab- 
ricator, committer, perpetrator, doer. 
ANT. Destroyer, annihilator, de- 
molisher, spoiler, undoer, reverser. 

Authoritative. SYN. Decisive, sure, 
conclusive, authentic, powerful, firm, 
potent, dictatorial, imperious, arbi- 
trary, arrogant. imperative, dogmatic, 

ANT. Weak, inconclusive, vague, in- 
determiuate, indefinite, vacillating, un- 
decisive, bland, conciliatory, affable, 
lenient, persuasive. 

AuV/ority. SYN. Ground, justifica- 
tion, authenticity, genuineness, con- 
jh'cj en3ss, decisiveness, control, di- 
ec' 'on, jurisdiction, government, reg- 
ulation, power, right, rule, sway, suf- 
ferance, supremacy, dominion. 

ANT. Groundlessness, spuriousness, 
indecision, inconclusiveness. inoper- 
ativeness, incompetency, weakness, 
usurpation, wrong. 

Authorize. [See EMPOWER]. 

Autocracy. [See AUTOCRATIC]. 

Autocratic. SYN. Independent, ar- 
bitrary, despotic, irresponsible, abso- 

ANT. Dependent, subordinate, re 
sponsible, constitutional, limited. 

Auxiliary. SYN. Helpful, abetting, 
aiding, accessory, promotive, condu- 
cive, assistant, ancillary, assisting, 
subsidiary, helping. 

ANT. Unassisting, unconducive, un- 
promotive, redundant, superfluous, 
obstructive, retardative. irrelevant, 

Avail, v. SYN. Suffice, hold, stand, en- 
dure, answer, tell, proflt,help, benefit, 
advantage, service, use, utility. 


ANT. Fail, fall, disappoint, betray. 
Avail. SYN. Profit, help, benefit, 
advantage, uso, utility, service. 

ANT. Disadvantage, hindrance, help- 
lessness, tility. 

A valla b SYN. Useful, appropri- 
able, convertible, attainable, handy, 
conducive, applicable, procurable, ad- 
vantag helpful, profitable, suit- 
able, serviceable. 

ANT. Useless, inappropriate, inap- 
plicable, unprocurable, inconducive, 
irrelevant, Inoperative, unavailable. 
Avarice. SYN. Greed, cupidity, ra- 
pacity, penuriousness, niggardliness, 
miserliness, stinginess, covetousness, 
acquisitiveness, griping, greediness. 

ANT. Large-heartedness, unselfish- 
ness, liberality, bountifulness, pro- 
fuseness, squander, prodigality, ex- 
travagance, waste. 

Avaricious. [See LIBERAL. ANT]. 
Avenge. SYN. Vindicate, right, visit, 

ANT. Waive, don, forego, con- 
done, remit, forgive, overlook. 
Avenue. SYN. Approach, adit, access, 

ANT. Exit, egress. 

ver. SYN. Assert, asseverate, affirm, 
-'depose, avouch, protest, oblige, de- 

ANT. Deny, contradict, contravene, 
disavow, disclaim, repudiate, gainsay, 

Average. SYN. Mean, medium, mid- 
dle, mediocre. 
/ ANT. Extreme, excess, defect, per- 

fectness, perfection. 
Averse. SYN. Hostile, disinclined, in- 
disposed, repugnant, backward, un- 
willing, reluctant, loath. 

ANT. Keady, disposed, eager,prone, 
inclined, desirous 

Aversion. SYN. Hatred, dislike, dis- 
taste, repugnance, uucongeniality, ab- 
borrence, antipathy. 

ANT. Love, desire, affection, liking, 
congeniality, cyn.pathy, ardor, eager- 
ness, avidity. 

Avidity. SYN. Cupidity, avarice, de- 
sire, greed, longing, rapacity, eager- 

ANT. Coldness, indlfference,apathy, 
insensibility, antipathy, nausea, aver- 
sion, repugnance, loathing. 

34 AXI 

lot, employment, vocation, occupa- 
tion, business, pursuit, line. 

ANT. Holiday, leisure, idleness, 
self-abandonment, misemployment. 
Avoid. SYN. Quit, shun, abandon, de- 
sert, forsake, relinquish, fly, eschw, 
elude, dodge, escape, shirk. 

ANT. Seek, court, approach, accost, 
address, affect. 

Avouch. SYN. Aver, protest, declara, 
propound, asseverate, profess. 

ANT. Deny, contradict, oppose, op, 
pugn, contravene, coatrovert,gainsay 
Avow. [See AVOUCH]. 
Awaken. [See BOUSE]. 
A ward. Assign, apportion, attribute 
accord, grant, distribute, divide, allot^ 
give, determine, decree, order, ad- 

ANT. Refuse, withhold, withdraw, 
retain, misappropriate, misapportion. 
Aware. SYN. Conscious, sensible, in- 
formed, certified, assured, known, ap- 
prised, cognizant. 

ANT. Unconscious, insensible, igno- 
rant, unaware, uninformed. 
Away. SYN. Far, afar, separate, de- 
tached, loose, abroad. 

ANT. Close, near. 

Awe. SYN. Fear, dread, veneration, 

ANT. Fearlessness, contempt, disre- 
spect, familiarity, irreverence. 
Awful. SYN. Fearful, direful, appall- 
ing, terrible, alarming, dreadful, hor- 
rible, solemn, portentous, horrific. 

ANT. Inocuous, informidable, un- 
imposing, unastonishing, common- 
place, unnoticeable, unalarming, al- 
Awhile. SYN. Briefly, a little. 

ANT. Ever, always, forever, ever, 

Awkward. SYN. Ungainly, clown- 
ish, clumsy, maladroit, unhandy, un- 
couth, rough,boorish,bungling,gawky. 
ANT. Neat, clever, dexterous, skil- 
ful, adroit, handy. 

Awry. SYN. Crooked, aslant, askew, 
atwist,bent,cnrved, distorted, twisted, 

ANT. Right, straight, true, direct. 
Axiom. SYN. Self-evident truth, aph- 
orism, truism, apophthegm, maxim. 



.zure. a. SYN. Blue, cerulean, eky- 
olue, bluish, blue-colored. 

ANT. Orange, ochreous, orange-col- 
red, orange-flame. 

BABBLE, v. SYN. Prate, prattle, 
dribble, chatter, gabble, twaddle, 
blab, cackle. 

ANT Enunciate, vociferate, hush, 

Babbler. SYN. Blab, chatterbox, gos- 
sip, tattler, tell-tale. 
ANT. Confident, confessor. 

Babbling. SYN. Prating, blabbing, 
talkativeness, tattling,cackling,gossip, 
loquacity, garrulity. 

ANT. Reticence, reserve, secretive- 
Bess, closeness, refrain, incommuni- 
cativeness, taciturnity. 

Babel. SYN. Hubbub, confusion,clam- 
or, jargon, din, discord, clang. 

ANT. Elocution, articulation,monot- 
ony, distinctness, consecutiveness, in- 
tonation, enunciation, unisonousness. 

Backbiter. STN. Detractor, traduc- 
er, calumniator, slanderer, cynic, ma- 
ligner, defamer. 

ANT. Vindicator, upholder, pallia- 
tor, advocate, mitigator, defender, be- 

Backslider. STN. Kenegade, abjur- 
er, recreant, apostate. 

ANT. Professor,confes8or,adherent, 
zealot, bigot. 

Backsliding. [See BACKSLIDER]. 

Backwardness. SYN. Reluctance, 
slowness, shyness, hesitation, unwill- 
ingness, repugnance. 

ANT. Forwardness, readiness, will- 
ingness, promptitude, alacrity. 

Backward. [See BACKWARDNESS]. 

Bad. [See GOOD). 

Bailie. STN. Frnstrate,counteract,eB- 
top, disconcert, elude, mock, thwart, 
confound, defeat,perplex, restrain, up- 
set, foil, mar, balk, neutralize, dodge, 

ANT. Point, aid, abet, enforce, pro- 
mote, assist, advance, encourage. 

Bait. SYN. Morsel, snare, decoy, en- 
ticement, allurement, inducement. 

ANT. Warning, scarecrow, dissuas- 
ive, deterrent, prohibition, intimida- 
tion, threat. 

i BAS 

Balance. SYN. Weigh, poise, pit, et, 
counterpoise, counteract, neutralize, 
equalize, estimate, redress, adjust. 

ANT. Upset, tilt, cant, subvert, mis- 
po.ise, overbalance. 

Balderdash. SYN. Gasconade, flum. 
mery, rhodomontade,bombast, fustian, 

ANT. Sense, wisdom, logic, reason, 
sobriety, truthfulness. 

Balk. SYN. Estop, bar, thwart, frus- 
trate, foil, stop, prevent, hinder, neu. 
tralize,nulliry, mar, counteract, disap. 
point, defeat, baffle. 

ANT. Aid, abet, promote, advance, 
encourage, instigate. 

Balmy. [See AROMATIC]. 

Bandy. SYN. Interchange, exchange, 
reciprocate, cross, pass. 

ANT. Quash, silence, drop, burke, 
close, stifle, extinguish. 

Baneful. [See PERNICIOUS]. 

Banish. STN. Expel, abandon, dispel, 
eject, extrude, exclude, relegate, expa- 
triate, repudiate, disclaim. 

ANT. Cherish, foster, protect, con- 
sider, encourage, locate, retain, enter- 
tain, domiciliate, domesticate, harbor. 

Banishment. SYN. Outlawry, ostra- 
cism, expatriation, expulsion, perse- 

ANT. Remaining, cherishing, foster- 
Ing, retaining. 

Banquet. STN. Feast, festivity, treat, 
entertainment, festival, carousal, ca- 
rouse, regalement, cheer. 
ANT. Fast, abstinence, starvation. 

Banter. SYN. Badinage, chaff, mock- 
ery, derision, ridicule, irony, jeering, 

ANT. Discussion, discourse, argu- 

Barbarous. SYN Rude, strange, un- 
civilized, brutal, cruel, ferocious, in- 
human, merciless, outlandish, savage, 
uncouth, atrocious, flagitious, unfet- 
tered, nefarious, gross. 

ANT. Polite, civilized, refined, hu- 
mane, urbane. 

Barely. [See HAKDLY]. 

Bargain. SYN. Transaction, negotia- 
tion, business, profit, speculation, hig- 
gling, gain,hawking,chaffer, haggling. 
ANT. Loss, misprofit. 

Barren. [See STERILE]. 

Base., adj. SYN. Vile, dishonorable, 
low, sordid, ignoble, worthiest*, mean. 

BAS s 

infamous, shameful, grovelling, disin- 
genuous, disesteemed, cheap, corrupt, 

ANT. Lofty, exalted, refined, noble, 
esteemed, honored, valued, pure, cor- 
rect, shrill. 

Baseless. [See GROUNDLESS]. 

Bashful. STN. Modest, diffident, shy, 
retiring, reserved. 

ANT. Bold, impudent, forward, un- 
reserved, pert, conceited,ostentatious, 

Bask. STN. Luxuriate, repose, lounge, 

ANT. Stir, work, toil, slave, drudge, 

Baste. STN. Buffet, cudgel,pound,beat. 
ANT. Soothe, tickle, caress, sti oke. 

Battle. SYN. Fight, conflict, contest, 
combat, engagement, encounter, ac- 

ANT. Peace, truce, pacification, ar- 
bitrament, council, mediation. 

Bauble. STN. Toy, trifle, plaything, 
knicknack, gewgaw, gimcrack, kick- 

ANT. Valuable, possession, acquisi- 
tion. gera, ornament, decoration, jewel. 

Basis. [See FOUNDATION]. 

Bawl. STN. Shout, vociferate, halloo, 
roar, bellow. 

ANT. Whisper, mutter, babble.mum- 

Bays. STN. Laurels, trophy, success, 
prize, premium, achievement, victory, 

ANT. Failure, defeat, disgrace, stig- 
ma, brand. 

Beach. STN. Shore, coast, strand, sea- 
coast, seaboard, seashore. 
ANT. Sea, ocean, deep, main. 

Beaming. STN. Shining, gleaming, 
bright, radiantjbeautiful, transparent, 

ANT. Dull, opaque, dingy, beamless, 
wan, matt. 

Bear. STN. Carry, lift, transport, con- 
vey, maintain, uphold, suffer, undergo, 
support, tolerate, waft, yield, sustain, 
hold, harbor, entertain, fill, enact, en- 
dure, admit, produce, generate. 

AWT. Drop, refuse, decline, resign, 
expel, eject, resist, repel, protest, re- 
sent, reject. 

Bearing. STN. Behavior, deportment, 
manner, aspect, carriage, mien, de- 
eanor, port, conduct, inclination, po- 


sition, appearance, direction, course. 
ANT. Misbehaviorjiuisdirectioi^miB- 

Beastly. [See BBUTAL]. 

Beat. SYN. Strike, pound, batter, sur- 
pass, thrash, cudgel, overcome, de- 
feat, conquer, worst, whack, belabor, 

ANT. Defend, protect, shield, fall, 
shelter, surrender, stroke,caress, pat. 

Beatitude. STN. Blessedness, bliss, 

ANT. Misery, pain, suffering, pun- 

Beautiful. [See BEAUTY, and HAND- 

Beautify. STN. Decorate, adorn, or- 
nament, deck. 

ANT. Deform, spoil, mar, stain, de- 
face, disfigure, befoul, soil, denude, 
bare, strip. 

Beauty. STN. Loveliness, grace, fair- 
ness, seemliness, comeliness, pictur- 
esqueness, exquisiteness, adornment, 

ANT. Foulness, ugliness, deformity, 
hideousness, bareness, unattractive- 

Because. STN. Owing, consequently, 

ANT. Irrespectively, independently, 
inconsequently, unconnectedly. 

Beck. STN. Nod, sign, signal, symbol, 
token, indication, authority, orders, 
instruction, subserviency, influence, 
call, command, control, mandate. 

ANT. Independence, insubservi- 

Become. STN. Befit, grace, beseem, 

ANT. Misbeeeem, misfit, misbecome, 

Becoming. STN. Beseeming, neat, 
fit, proper, decorous, comely, seemly, 
befitting, graceful, decent, suitable, 

ANT. Unbeseeming, unseemly, un- 
comely, unbecoming, unbefitting, un- 
graceful, indecent, unsuitable, miino- 
proving, derogatory. 

Bedaub. STN. Bespatter, befoul, dis- 
color, mar, disfigure, deface, besmear, 
spoil, soil, stain. 

ANT. Cleanse, absterge, purify, em- 
bellish, whiten, decorate, beautify. 
Bedeck. iSee DBCH& 


Bedizen. SYN. Tawdry, betinselled, 
gaudy, flashy, bespangled. 

ANT. Adorned, robed, decorated, 

Befall. SYN. Happen, occur, betide, 
fall, supervene, bechance. 

ANT. Miss, pass, spare, pretermit. 
Befitting. SYN. Fitting, decent, be- 
coming, suitable, appropriate, proper, 
consistent, expedient, desirable. 

ANT. Obligatory, compulsory, unbe- 
fitting, indecent, unbecoming, unsuit- 
able, inappropriate, incompatible, in- 
expedient, improper. 
Befool. SYN. Deceive, cheat, mystify, 
bamboozle, ensnare, hoodwink, mis- 

ANT Guide, enlighten, advise, un- 
deceive, lead. 

Before. SYN. Precedently, anteriorly, 

ANT. After, afterwards, subsequent- 
ly, posteriorly, later, behind. 
Befriend. SYN. Assist, countenance, 
support, advocate, promote, protect, 

ANT. Oppose,di?countenanced,with- 
etand, thwart, decry, defame, oppress, 

Beg. SYN. Ask, request, entreat, sup- 
plicate, beseech, implore, pray, peti- 
tion, crave. 

ANT. Insist, exact, extort, require, 

Beggar. SYN. Mendicant, petitioner, 
suitor, suppliant, applicant. 

ANT. Exactor, extortioner. 
Beggarly. Miserable, poor, stinted, 
wretched, niggardly, stingy, scant, il- 

ANT. Noble, princely, stately, prod- 
igal, sumptuous, liberal, profuse, gor- 
geous, magnificent. 

Beggary. SYN. Want, penury, desti- 
tution, indigence, mendicancy. 

ANT. Affluence, riches, abundance, 

Begin. SYN. Initiate, commence, pre- 
pare, start, originate, arise, inaugu- 

ANT. Achieve, complete, terminate, 
conclude, consummate, finish, close, 

Beginner. SYN. Tyro, novice, neo- 
phyte, learner, pupil. 

ANT. Adept, expert, master, au- 

87 BEL 

Beginning. SYN. Commencement, 
start, origin, rise, initiation, prepara- 
tion, preface, prelude, inauguration, 
inception, threshold, opening, source, 
outset, foundation. 

ANT. End, close, termination, con- 
clusion, consummation, completion. 

Beguile. [See BEFOOL]. 

Behalf. SYN. Side, interest, advan- 
tage, aid, bestead. 

Behavior. SYN. Conduct, bearing, 
demeanor, proceeding, comportment, 
action, manner, deportment. 

ANT. Misdemeanor, misbehavior, 

Behest. SYN. Injunction, command, 
instruction, mandate, commission, re- 
quirement, trust. 

ANT. Option, liberty, non-interfer- 
ence, discretion. 

Behind. [See BEFORE]. 

Behold. SYN. Look, discern, regard, 
view, descry, look upon, gaze,contem- 
plate, observe, see, scan, survey. 

ANT. Overlook, disregard, ignore, 
miss, blink, wink, connive. 

Beholden. SYN. Bound, obliged, in- 
debted, thankful, grateful. 

ANT. Unindebted, unobliged, un- 
bound, unthankful, ungrateful. 

Beholder. SYN. Spectator, observer, 
bystander, witness, looker-on. 

Belief. SYN. Assent, faith, trust, cre- 
dence, avowal, assurance, admission, 
conviction, opinion,permission, creed, 
reliance, concession, confidence. 

ANT. Dissent, unbelief, distrust, de- 
nial, misgiving, disavowal, rejection, 

Bellicose. SYN. Quarrelsome, pug- 
nacious, belligerent, irascible, conten- 

ANT. Peaceful, peaceable, unquar- 
relsome, pacific, uuwarlike, unexcita- 
ble, good-tempered, genial. 

Belligerent. SYN. Contending, en- 
gaging, fighting, opposed, adverse, ri- 
val, conflicting, antagonist, assailant, 

ANT. Neutral, pacific, peaceful, non- 
belligerent, appeased, reconciled. 

Bellow. [See BAWL]. 

Belonging. SYN. Related, connected. 


appertaining, cognate, congenial, ob- 
ligatory, accompanying. 

ANT. Unrelated, unconnected, Irrel- 
evant, impertinent. alien, uncongenial, 
discretional, optional, uninvolved, un- 
implied, independent. 

Belong to. SYN. Pertain to,appertain 
to, regard, relate to. 

ANT. Not to belong to, not to apper- 
tain to, not to relate to. 

Beloved. SYN. Cared for, cherished, 
ANT. Hated, loathed. 

Below. SYN. Under, beneath, adown, 
ANT. Above, over, aloft. 

Bend. SYN. Curve, deviate, incline, 
tend, swerve, diverge, mold, persuade, 
influence, bias, dispose, direct, lower, 
subordinate to, lean, deflect, bow, con- 
descend, yield, stoop, submit. 

ANT. Proceed, continue, extend, ad- 
vance, stand, stiffen, break, crush, re- 

Beneath. SYN. Below, underneath, 
under, adown. 
ANT. Above, over, overhead, aloft. 

Benediction. SYN. Blessing, com- 
mendation, approval, benison, grati- 
tude, thankfulness, thanksgiving. 

ANT. Curse, malediction, disapprov- 
al, censure, obloquy, execration, in- 

Benefaction. SYN. Grant, gratuity, 
boon, donation, aims, present, gift, 
endowment, bequest, favor, presenta- 

ANT. Deprivation, reservation, dis- 
favor, presumption, confiscation, dis- 

Benefactor. SYN. Friend, supporter, 
contributor, upholder, well-wisher, fa- 
vorer, well-doer, patron. 

ANT. Foe, opponent, dtsfavorer, an- 
tagonist, rival, backfriend, oppressor. 

Beneficial. SYN. Profitable,salutary, 
advantageous, wholesome, salubrious. 
ANT. Prejudicial, noxious, hurtful, 
unprofitable, detrimental. 

Beneficent. SYN. Bountiful, benevo- 
lent, benignant. 

ANT. Hard, uncommiserating, grip- 
ing, unbenencent,illiberal, oppressive, 

Benefit. SYN. Boon, behoof, service, 
utility, avail, use, good, advantage, 
profit, favor, blessing. 

38 BES 

ANT. Evil, loss, disadvantage, detri. 
ment, damage, calamity, bereavement, 
injury, privation. 

Benevolence. SYN. Kindness, good- 
will, charity, philanthropy,kindliness, 
kind-heartedness, benignity, benefi- 
cence, liberality. 

ANT. Unkindness,harshnas3,barbar- 
ity, niggardliness, maleficence, malig- 
nity, illiberality, ill-will, churlishness. 
Benevolent. [See BENEFICENT], 
Benignant. [See BENEFICENT]. 
Benison. [See BENEDICTION], 
Bent. SYN. Inclination, angle, direc- 
tion, bias, determination, disposition, 
intention, prepossession, propensity, 
predilection, turn, leaning. 

ANT. Indisposition, aversion. 
Bequeath. SYN. Give, grant, leave by 
will, devise, will, bestow, impart, de- 
mise,leave. To n. Legacy,inheritance. 
ANT. Withhold, alienate. To n. Dis- 
inheritance, transference, abaliena- 

Bereave. SYN. Rob, deprive, divest, 
dispossess, impoverish, reduce, spoil, 

ANT. Replenish, compensate, rein- 
state, satisfy, enrich, benefit. 
Bereavement. SYN. Destitution, af- 
fliction, deprivation, loss. 

ANT. Gift, blessing, donation, bene- 
faction, compensation,reparation, res- 
toration, reinstatement, substitution, 
restitution, consolation. 


Bereft. SYN. Robbed, deprived, des- 
titute, denied, spoiled. 

ANT. Endowed, enriched, compen- 
sated, consoled, possessed. 
Beseech. SYN. Entreat, pray, solicit, 
ask, implore, crave, request, suppli- 
cate, petition, beg. 

ANT. Insist, demand, exact, intimi- 
date, command, coerce. 
Beseem. SYN. Befit, suit, belong, ap- 

ANT. Unbeseem, disgrace. 
Beseeming. SYN. Befitting, belong- 
ing, suitable, appertaining, consistent, 
compatible, requisite, decent, grace- 

ANT. Unbefitting, unseemly, unsnit 1 
able, improper, indecent, ungraceful. 


Benrt. STN. Hem, surround, environ, 
encircle, besiege, beleaguer, embar- 

ANT. Liberate, abandon. 
Beside. SYN. Close, near, alongside, 
additionally, over and above, together, 

ANT. Separate, apart, inclusively. 
Besiege. SYN. Beset, beleaguer, sit, 

ANT. Abandon. (Phrase, "Raise the 

Besmear. [See BEDAUB]. 
Besotted. STN. Intoxicated, steeped, 
stupefied, drunk, drenched, doltish, 
grosu, prejudiced. 

ANT. Sober, temperate, clear, un- 
biased, unprejudiced, enlightened, re- 

Bespatter. STN. Besprinkle, befoul, 
bedaub, revile, vilify, asperse. 

ANT. Absterge, sponge, cleanse, pu- 
rify, vindicate, defend, clear. 
Bespeak. SYN. Betoken, foreorder, 
forestall, provide, prearrange, indi- 
cate, evidence. 

ANT. Belie, resign, countermand. 
Bestead, r. SYN. Convenience, serve, 
uphold, assist, accomodate, benefit. 

ANT. Thwart, damage, incommode, 
oppose, injure. 

Bestead, n. SYN. Interest, behalf, ad- 
vantage, benefit, part, side. 

ANT. Injury, disadvantage, opposi- 
tion, detriment, damage. 
Bestir. Commonly used reflexively 

for, to stir one's self. [See STIB]. 
Bestir, n. [See STIB]. 
Bestow. SYN. Confer, give, present, 
award, accord, grant. 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, reserve, 
alienate, transfer, appropriate,usurp, 

Better. t>. SYN. Meliorate, improve, 
amend, emend, ameliorate, 

ANT. Make worse. 
Betide. SYN. Befall, occur, happen. 

Betimes. SYN. Early,beforehand,pre- 
paredly, readily. 

ANT. Behindhand, slowly, eluggish- 
ly. belatedly. 

Betoken. SYN. Teach, indicate, pro- 
claim, presage, augur, portend, fore- 
ebow, signify, forebode, evidence, de- 
clare, manifest, involve, imply. 

99 BIO 

ANT. Misindicftte. mislead, mlsde- 
clare, misteach, belie, mask, hide. 
Betray. SYN. Deceive, delude, dupe, 
circumvent, ensnare, dishonor, mani- 
fest, indicate, reveal. 

ANT. Protect, preserve, guard, con- 
serve, foster, cherish, fence, conceal, 
cover, suppress. 

Between, Betwixt. [See AMIDST]. 
Bevy. n. SYN. Assembly, parterre,gal- 
axy, constellation, nock. 

ANT. Gang, crew, herd, mob. 
Bewail. SYN. Lament, deplore, rue, 
bemoan, sorrow, grieve, mourn for. 

ANT. Exult, hail, rejoice, welcome, 

Beware. SYN. Care, refrain, consid- 
er, heed, look, fear, avoid. 

ANT. Ignore, overlook, neglect, in- 
cur, brave, dare. 

Bewilder. SYN. Daze, dazzle, con- 
found, mystify, puzzle, embarrass, as- 
tonish, perplex, confuse, mislead. 

ANT. Guide, inform, lead, instruct, 
enlighten, edify. 

Bewildered. [See CONFUSED]. 
Bewitch. SYN. Enchant, fascinate, 
charm, captivate, entrance. 

ANT. Exorcise, disillusionize, disen- 

Beyond. SYN. Over, further, past, 

ANT. Here, close, near, hither, less, 

Bias. [See BENT]. 

Bicker. SYN. Wrangle, quarrel, jar, 
dispute, contend. 

ANT. Chat, gossip, converse, agree. 
Bickering. SYN. Wrangling, dis- 
puting, contention, strife, altercation, 

ANT. Conversing, chatting, agree- 

Bid. SYN. Tell,reque8t,instruct,direct, 
order, proffer, charge, command, pro- 
pose, offer. 

ANT. Forbid, deter, prohibit, re- 

Bide. SYN. Wait, remain, tarry, stay, 
await, expect, anticipate, continue, 
bear, abide, endure. 

ANT. Quit, depart, migrate, move, 
resist, resent, repel, abjure, protest, 

Big. SYN. Large, great, wide, huge, 
bulky, proud, arrogant, pompous, fat, 
massive, gross. 


ANT. Little, nnall, narrow, minute, 
ulight, lean, affable, easy, unaffected. 

Bigoted. STN. Prejudiced,intolerant, 
narrow-minded, blindly devoted, one- 
sided, confined. 

ANT. Unprejudiced, open-minded, 
large-minded, broad, comprehensive, 

Bigotry. STN. Prejudice, Pharisaism, 
obstinacy, credulity, fanaticism, in- 
tolerance, superstition. 

ANT. Liberality, charity, enlight- 
enment, toleration, eclecticism, lati- 

Bill. SYN. Account, reckoning, score, 
charges, jaw, mandible, beak. 

Bind. STN. Fetter, engage, tie,fasten, 
secure, lace, twine, oblige, compel, re- 
strict, restrain, secure. 

ANT. Untie, loose, unfaster., acquit, 
free, liberate. 

Binding. STN. Restrictive, obliga- 
tory, restraining, stringent, styptic, 
costive, astringent. 
ANT. Loosening, opening, enlarging, 

Birth. STN. Parentage, extraction, 
nativity, family, race, origin, source, 
rise, lineage, nobility. 
ANT. Death, extinction, plebeianism. 

Bit. STN.Morsel, piece,fragment, part. 
ANT Mass, whole. 

Biting. STN. Pungent, censorious, 
piercing, gnawing, sarcastic,sardonic, 

ANT. Pleasant, genial, soothing,com- 
placent, flattering. 

Bitter. STN. Harsh, eour, sharp, tart, 
acrimonious, sarcastic, severe, sad, 
afflictive, intense, stinging, pungent, 
acrid, cutting. 

ANT. Sweet, mellow, pleasant, affa- 
ble, kindly, genial, light, mitigated, 

Bitterness. [See ANTIPATHT]. 

Blacken. STN. Bespatter, befoul, be- 
daub, defame, decry, calumniate, dis- 
honor, asperse, traduce, vilify, slan- 
der, malign. 
ANT. Vindicate, clear, eulogize. 

Blackguard. STN. Scoundrel, ras- 
cal, rapscallion, blackleg, villain. 
ANT. Gentleman. 

Blame. STN. Censure, chide, rebuke, 
reproach, vituperate, dispraise, disap- 
prove,condemn, reprehend,reprobate, 


ANT. Acquit, exculpate, exonerate, 
encourage, praise, approve. 
Blamable. [See BLAMELESS]. 
Blameless. STN. Pure, innocent, ir- 

ANT. Criminated, implicated, an- 
swerable, blameworthy, faulty, guilty, 
Blancb. STN. Bleach, whiten. 

ANT. Darken, color, obfuscate. 
Bland. STN. Soft, mild, gentle, com- 
plaisant, courteous, affable, gracious, 
tender, benign. 

ANT. Harsh, abrupt, rough. 
Blandiloquence. STN. Glossiness, 
blarney, humbug, flattery, specious- 
ness, adulation. 

ANT. Bluntness, roughness, abrupt- 

Blandishment. STN. Coaxing,flat- 
tery, wheedling, fawning, cajolery. 

ANT. Roughness, bluutuess, unTnan- 

Blank. STN. Bleak, bare, utter, un- 
mitigated, broad. 

ANT. Modified, qualified, mitigated. 
Blasphemy. STN. Swearing, pro- 
faneness, impiety. 

Blast, v. STN. Blight, shrivel, de- 
stroy, wither. 

ANT. Restore, expand, swell. 
Blast, n. STN. Breeze, efflation, ex- 
plosion, blight, burst, blaze, frustra- 
tion, destruction, squall, gale, tem- 
pest, hurricane, afflation. 

ANT. Zephyr, gentle breeze, neu- 

Blatant. STN. Noisy, bellowing, vocif- 
erous, clamorous, braying. 

ANT. Quiet, low-toned, gentle. 
Blaze. [See BLAST]. 
Blazon. STN. Notify, signalize, pnb- 
licate, adventure, circulate, propa- 
gate, disseminate. 

ANT. Cover, conceal, hide, suppress, 
hush, palliate, shroud, bury. 
Bleach. STN. Whiten, blanch. 

ANT. Darken, blacken, soil. [See 

Bleak. STN. Blank, bare, open, cold, 
exposed, stormy, nipping. 

ANT. Warm, sheltered, verdant, lux- 
uriant, zephyrous, balmy, halcyonic. 
Blemish. STN. Spot, blur, blot, flaw, 
speck, fault, imperfection, stain, daub, 
taruish,defacement, discoloration, di- 



flgureraent, disgrace, dishonor, defect. 
ANT. Purity, unsulliedness, honor, 

Blench. SYU. Start, shy, shudder, re- 
coil, shrink. 

ANT. Encounter, dare, venture,face, 

Blend. SYN. Mix, harmonize, unite, 
combine, fuse, merge, amalgamate, 
mingle, commingle, coalesce. 

ANT. Run, separate, divide, dissoci- 
ate, confound. 

Bless. SYN. Felicitate, endow, enrich, 
gladden, rejoice, cheer, thank. 

ANT. Deprive, sadden, impoverish, 
ignore, curse, anathematize. 
Blessedness. [See JOT]. 
Blessing. SYN. Felicitation, benedic- 
tion, endowment, donation, gift, grat- 
itude, thankfulness, thanks, benefit. 

ANT. Impoverishment, deprivation, 
bereavement, malediction, thankless- 
nees, obliviousness, catastrophe, disas- 
ter, calamity, detriment, curse, dam- 

Blight. [See BLAST]. 

Blind. SYN. Sightless, unseeing, eye- 
less, depraved,undiscerniog, ignorant, 
prejudiced, uninformed, unconscious, 

ANT. Far-sighted, penetrating, sen- 
sitive, keen, discriminating, clear- 

Blink. SYN. Wink, ignore, connive, 
ANT. Notice, visit, note, mark. 

Bliss. SYN. Blessedness, joy, ecstasy, 

ANT. Condemnation, accnrsedness, 
suffering, misery, woe. 

Blithe. SYN. Light, merry, joyous, 
happy, bright, elastic, gladsome, bon- 
ny, vivacious, lively, cheerful, blithe- 
some, gay. 
ANT. Heavy, dull, dejected, sullen. 

Block. SYN. Stop, arrest, flll,obstruct. 
ANT. Free, liberate, open, pave. 

Blockhead. SYN. Dolt, dunderhead, 
jolterhead, dunce, ninny, numskull, 
dullard, simpleton, booby, loggerhead, 

ANT. Sage, adept, luminary, school- 
man, philosopher, savant. 

Bloodshed. SYN. Slaughter, massa- 
cre, carnage, butchery. 

Bloodthirsty. SYN. Gory, bloody, 

murderous, inhuman, cruel, ruthless, 
ANT. Humane, kind, merciful. 

Bloom. SYN. Blossom, bud, flower, 
sprout, germinate, beauty, freshness, 

ANT. Decay, decadence, coarse- 
ness, blight, blast, harshness, rough- 
ness, toughness, superannuation, ca- 
daverousness, ghastliness. 

Blooming. SYN. Flourishing, fair, 
flowering, blossoming, young, beauti- 

ANT. Fading, waning, blighted, old, 
blasted, paralyzed, superannuated, un- 
sightly, deformed. 

Blot. v. SYN. Obscure, tarnish, spoil, 
sully, spot, discolor, pollute, obliter- 
ate, erase, blur, stain, blotch, smear, 

ANT. Elucidate, clear, absterge,per- 
petuate, cleanse, manifest, conserve. 

Blot out. STN. Erase, efface, cancel, 
expunge, wipe out, obliterate,destroy. 
ANT. Restore, replace. 

Blotch. [See BLOT]. 

Blow. SYN. Puff, blast, breath, stroke, 
infliction, wound, disappointment, af- 
fliction, knock, shock, calamity, mis- 

ANT. Assuagement, consolation, re- 
lief, comfort, blessing, sparing. 

Bluff. SYN. Bare, open, bold, abrupt, 
frank, plain-spoken, blunt.surly, rude, 
blustering, swaggering, brusque, hec- 
toring, coarse, discourteous, rough, 

Ant. Undulating,inclined, inabrupt, 
courteous, polished, reserved. 

Blunder. SYN. Error, mistake, mis- 
understanding, fault, oversight, inac- 
curacy, delusion, slip. 

ANT. Accuracy, truthfulness, exact- 
tion, atonement, foresight,prevention, 
hit, success, achievement, correction. 

Blunt, a. SYN. Dull, obtuse, pointless, 
edgeless, insensitive, bluff, coarse, im- 
polite, plain-mannered, uncivil, rude. 
ANT. Sharp, keen, pointed, acute, 
aculeated, sensitive, polished, bland. 
iloquent, courteous, reserved. 

Blunt, i' SYN. To subdue, repress, 
tranquilize, discourage, ossify, numb, 
ANT. Quicken, sharpen, instigate, 


suscitate, stimulate, animate, excite, 

Blur. [See BLEMISH]. , - 

Jtluxli. SYN. Bloom, color, carnation, 
complexion, aspect, shame, confusion, 
guiltiness, self-reproach. 
. ANT. Innocence, purity, guiltless- 
ness, unconsciousness, boldness, ef- 

Bluster. SYN. Storm, rage, puff, in- 
sult, blow, swagger, fume, brag. 
ANT. [See BRAG]. 

Blustering. [See BLUFF]. 

BO.ISJ. r. SYN. Vaunt, brag, swagger, 
swell, bluster, vapor, triumph, glory. 
ANT. [See BRAG.]. 

Boasting. [See OSTEKTATION]. 

Bode. SYN. Foretell, betoken, fore- 
shadow, presage, predict, prophesy, 
promise, forebode, herald, announce, 
prognosticate, portend, augur. 

ANT. Relate, record, narrate, re- 

Bodily. SYN. Collectively, wholly, 
summarily, unitedly, compactedly, to- 
gether, corporeal, fleshy, material, 

ANT. Piecemeal, partially, ghostly, 
fragmentarily, gradually, spiritual. 

Body. SYN. Substance, mass, .whole, 
substantiality, collectiveness, assem- 
blage, collection, matter, association, 
ANT. Spirit, soul, individual. 

Boggle. SYN. Halt, hesitate, dubitate, 
faltev, blunder, blotch, botch, spoil, 

ANT. Encounter, face, advance, re- 
fine, clear, work, perfect, complete, 
beautify. : 

Boll. SYN. -Bubble, effervesce, rage, 
explode, fume. 
ANT. Calm, subside, recover, cool. 

Boisterous. SYN. Loud, violent, un- 
restrained, tempestuous, stormy, un- 
controlled, intemperate. 

ANT. Peaceful, calm, serene, self- 

Bold. SYN. Courageous, fearless, ad- 
venturous, brave, self-confident, for- 
ward, intrepid, dauntless, valiant,dar- 

. ing, aiv-laric in-, lion-hearted, doughty. 
ANT. Timid, fearful, inadventur- 
ous, shy, bashful, retiring. 

Bolster. SYN. Support, prop, help, 
id, sustain, subsidize, patch, tinker, 

42 BOB 

ANT. . Depress, dispirit, relax. 
Bombast. STK. Rhodomontade,brag- 
gadocio, gasconade, bluster, inflated- 
ness, pomposity, exaggerativeness, 

.- ANT. Truthfulness, moderation, re- 
frain, veracity, modesty, temperate- 
ness, humility. 

Bombastic. [See OSTENTATION]. 
Bond. SYN. Tie, fastening, chain, as- 
sociation, manacle, fetter, compact, 
obligation, security. 

ANT. Freedom, option, discretion, 
honor, parole. 

Bondage. SYN. Servitude, confine- 
ment, imprisonment, incarceration, 
subjection, serfdom, thraldom, captiv- 
ity, slavery. 

ANT. Freedom, liberty, independ- 
ence, manumission, liberation. 
Bondsman. SYN. Slave, serf, pris- 
oner, captive, vassal. 

ANT. Freeman, yeoman, gentleman, 
lord, master. 

Bonny. SYN. Fair, pretty, pleasant, 
lively, cheerful, shapely, buxom. 

ANT. Dull, unseemly, ill-favored,de- 

Bonus. SYN. Premium, douceur,boon, 

ANT. Fine, penalty, mulct, amerce- 
ment, discount. 
Booby. SYN. Idiot, dunce, numskull. 

ANT. Wiseacre, solon, oracle. 
Booklsli. SYN. Studious, erudite, pe- 
dantic, learned. 

ANT. Unbookish, unstudious, ineru- 
dite, unlearned, ignorant, uneducated. 
Boorish. [See CLOWNISH]. 
Bootless. SYN. Useless,profitless, un- 
availing, abortive. 

ANT. Useful, profitable, availing, ef- 
fective, effectual. 

Booty. SYN. Plunder, blackmail, loot, 
spoils, prey, pillage. 

ANT. Restitution, fine, confiscation, 
forfeiture, amercement, penalty. 
Border. SYN. Limit, boundary,brink, 
rim, verge, brim, edge, edging, band, 
hem, enclosure, confine. 

ANT. Land, tract, iuterior, substance, 
space, centre. 

Border on. SYN. Be contiguous to, 
be adjacent to, conterminous with,ad- 
join, adjacent to. 
ANT. Remote from, away from. 

BOB 43 

Bore. SYN, Perforate, pierce, weary, 

ANT. Please, gratify, delight. 
Bottom. SYN. Breast, hollow, valley, 
deep, bed, centre, heart, mind, soul, 

AWT. Surface, exterior, manner, de- 
portment, demeanor. 
Botch. SYN. Patch, cobble, blunder, 
clump, disconcert, spoil, jumble,mess, 
bungle, mar, blacksmith. 

ANT. Fine-draw, trim, harmonize, 
handle, manage. 
Both. SYN. Twain. 

ANT. Neither. 

Bother. SYN. Fuse, worry, pester, 
excitement, stir, plague, vex, annoy, 
tease, confusion, vexation, flurry, 

ANT. Calm, composure, orderliness, 
peace, quiet. 

Bottom. SYN. Deep, profound, floor, 
groundwork, depth, ground, foot. 
ANT. Top, summit, apex, crown, brow, 

Bound, n. SYN. Limit, boundary, in- 
closure, confine, border. 

Bound, t 1 . SYN. Confine, limit, cir- 
cumscribe, terminate.restrict, restrain. 
ANT. Enlarge, open, extend; spread 

Bound, r. SYN. To leap, jump, frisk, 
spring, skip. 

ANT. Hobble, limp, crawl, creep, 

Boundary. [See BOUND]. 
Boundless. SYN.TTnbounded,immeas- 
urable, infinite, unlimited, illimitable, 

ANT. Narrow, restricted, limited, 
confined, circumscribed. 
Bountiful. [See LIBERAL]. 
Bounty. SYN. Liberality, bounteous- 
ness, benevolence, munificence, dona- 
tion, gift, generosity, charity,benigni- 

ANT. Illiberality, closeness, hard- 
i\ess,churlishness, stinginess, niggard- 

Bower. SYN. Shady recess, arbor, 
retreat, alcove. 

ANT. Open place. 

Brae. SYN. Boast, vaunt, swagger, 
ANT. Cringe, whine, whimper. 


Braggart. [SeeBiuoJ. 

Braid. SYN. Bind, tie, weave, plait. 

ANT. Unbind, dishevel. 
Branch. SYN. Member, bifurcation, 
bough, limb, offspring, shoot, spray,' 
sprig, twig, ramification, offshoot, rel- 
ative, scion. 

ANT. Trurik, stock, stem, race, fam- 
ily, house. 

Brand, v. SYN. Denonnce.stigmatize. 
disgrace, mark. 

ANT. Distinguish, honor, decorate. 
Brand, mlj. SYN. Disgrace, stigma, in- 
famy, mark. 

ANT. Decoration, badge,distinction, 

Brandish. SYN. Flourish, fence, ag- 
itate, wield, whisk, shake, wave. 

ANT. Stay, arrest, suspend. 
Bravado. SYN. Boasting, bragging, 
vaunting, bluster. 

Brave. [See GALLANT]. 
Brawl. SYN. Wrangle, broil, scold, 
roar, shout, vociferate. 

ANT. Whisper, softness,mellowness, 
melodiousness, intonation. 
Brawny. SYN. Muscular, powerful, 
strong, athletic, sinewy, herculean,ro- 
bust, stout. 

ANT. Lean, weak, fragile, delicate, 
effeminate, feeble. 

Bray. SYN. Pound, bruise, beat, pul- 

ANT. Compact, compound, amalga- 
mate, conglomerate. 
Breach. SYN. Rupture,divulsion, gap, 
quarrel, violation, non-performance. 

ANT. Integrity, conservation, heal- 
ing, reconciliation, inviolateness, ful- 

Break. SYN. Fracture, rupture, shat- 
ter, shiver, destroy, tame, curb, de- 
molish, tear asunder, rend, burst, sev- 
er, smash, split, subdue, violate, in- 

ANT. Heal, piece, conjoin, protect, 
conserve, encourage, rally, observe, 
obey. , 

BreaMt. [See BOSOM]. 
Breath. SYN. K.>-pi r;tt ion, inspiration 
expiration, inhalation, exhalation, 
Met. Life.. 

ANT. To latter. Cessation, passing, 
departure, perishing, dying, death. 
Breathe. [See BREATH]. 
Breathless. SYN. Exhausted, eager, 

BRE 4 

absorbed, fascinated, attentive, bewil- 
dered, astounded. 

ANT. Cool, calm, collected, unex- 
cited, fresh, indifferent, inattentive, 

Dreed* v. STN. Generate, procreate, 
engender, propagate, produce, beget, 
hatch, nourish, train, instruct, evolve, 

ANT. Destroy, eradicate, extinguish, 
extirpate, stifle. 

Dreed, n. [See LINEAGE]. 

Dreedlng. STN. Nurture, education, 
training, discipline, instruction, man- 
ners, air, demeanor, decorum. 

ANT. Ill-manners, ill-training, ill- 
behavior, ignorance. 

Drevlty. SYN. Shortness, closeness, 
conciseness, succinctness, terseness, 
compendiousness, pointedness, abbre- 
viation, abridgment. 

ANT. Length, protraction, elonga- 
tion, extension, prolixity, diffusive- 
ness, interminableness, tediousness. 

Drew. STN. Concoct, compound, mix, 
hatch, prepare, season, threaten, im- 
pend, increase, collect, form, gather, 

ANT. Pass, disperse, break, spoil, 
miscompound, mar. 

Bridle. STN. Curb, restrain, govern, 
control, master, moderate, compress. 
ANT. Loosen, liberate, relax, vent, 

Brief. [See SHORT]. 

Dright. STN. Shining, brilliant, bur- 
nished, luminous, lucid, sparkling, 
limpid, clever, happy, witty, joyous, 
cheerful, radiant. 

ANT. Opaque, dull, dead, muddy, 
stupid, slow, sullen, dejected, cheer- 
less, joyless, imbecile. 

Brilliant. STN. Flashing, radiant, 
shining, lustrous, glorious, luminous, 
effulgent, beaming, sparkling. 

Bring. STN. Fetch, procure, convey, 
carry, bear, adduce, import, produce, 
cause, induce. 

ANT. Export, remove, abstract, sub- 
tract, prevent, exclude, debar, trans- 

Mr ink. STN. Quick, lively, vivacious, 
active, alert, nimble, sprightly, spirit- 
ed, animated, prompt, effervescent. 

ANT. Slow, heavy, dull, inactive, in- 
^k)lent,6luggisb.unenergetic, stagnant. 


Bristling. STN. Full, stocked, multi- 
tudinous, crowded, swarming, multi- 

ANT. Bare, nude, scant, devoid, va- 

Brittle. [See FRAGILE]. 

Broach. STN. Moot, start, launch, 
originate, suggest, exhibit, propound. 
ANT. Reserve, secrete, seal, repress, 
cork, bottle. 

Broad. STN. Wide, extensive, expan- 
sive, ample, liberal, comprehensive, 
unreserved, indelicate, coarse,generic. 
ANT. Narrow, restricted, confined, 
limited, bigoted, prejudiced, illiberal, 
narrow-minded, reserved, veiled, enig- 
matical, shrouded,shaded, refined, del- 
icate, sketchy, specific, pointed. 

Broadcast. STN. Scattered abroad, 
dispersed, profusely, unsparingly, in- 
discriminately, injudiciously, exten- 

ANT. Collectedly, concentratively, 
sparingly, reservedly, locally, partial- 
ly, discreetly, charily. 

Droll, n. [SeeAFFRAT]. 

Drook. i'. STN. Bear, tolerate, suffer, 
endure, undergo, submit to, permit. 
ANT. Resist, resent, reject. 

Brotherhood. STN. Fraternity, as- 
sociation, fellowship, society, sodality. 

Brotherly. SYN. Fraternal, kind, af- 
fectionate, tender. 

ANT. Unkind, hard, harsh, unf rater- 

Browbeat. STN. Intimidate, bully, 
overbear, cow, overawe, boycott, 

ANT. Encourage,rally, countenance, 

Bruise, v. [See BREAK]. 

Drunt. STN. Impulse, attack, aggres- 
sion, onslaught, onset, assault, shock. 

ANT. Resistance, endurance, repul- 

Brutal. STN. Savage, inhuman, rude, 
unfeeling, merciless, ruthless, brut- 
ish, barbarous, sensual, beastly, ig- 
norant, stolid, dense, cruel, violent, 
vindictive, bloodthirsty, intemperate. 
ANT. Humane, civilized, generous, 
intelligent, polished, chivalrous, con- 
scientious, self-controlled. 

Brutish. [See BRUTAL]. 

Bubble. SYN. Trifle, toy, fancy, con- 
ceit, vision, dream, froth, trash. 
ANT. Acquisition, prize, treasury 


reality, substance, verity, jewel, good, 

Bud. r. SYN. Sprout, blossom, bloom, 

Buffoon. SYN. Wag, clown, jester. 

ANT. Wit, genius, philosopher, pe- 
dant, visionary, dissembler, prig, en- 
thusiast, hypocrite. 

Bugbear. SYN. Hobgoblin, goblin, 
gorgon, ghoul, spirit, spook, specter, 
ogre, scarecrow. 

Build. [See CONSTRUCT]. 

Building. SYN. Edifice, architecture, 
construction, erection, fabric, struc- 

ANT. Ruin, dilapidation, dismantle- 
ment, demolition. 

Builder. [See BUILDING]. 

Bulk. SYN. Mass, whole, entirety, in- 
tegrity, majority, size, magnitude, ex- 
tension, body, volume, bigness, large- 
ness, massiveness, dimension. 

ANT. Tenuity, minority, dismem- 
berment, disintegration, diminution, 
portion, contraction, section, atom, 

Bulk. [See SIZE]. 

Bulky. SYN. Huge, unwieldy, heavy, 
large, ample, ponderous, burly, cum- 
brous, gigantic, brawny, massive. 

ANT. Small, light, slight, airy, thin, 
delicate, nimble, attenuated, slender, 
sylph-like, puny, tiny. 

Bully. BYN. swash-buckler, swag- 
gerer, braggadocio. 

Bullying. [See BLUSTERING]. 

Bulwark. SYN. Rampart, fortress, 
fortification, palladium, citadel, in- 
trenchment, stronghold, parapet, bas- 

ANT. Storming, seige, investment, 
bombardment, cannonade, boarding. 

Bungler. SYN. Botcher, clown, lub- 
ber, fumbler, novice. 

ANT. Adept, adroit, master, artist, 
workman, proficient, professor. 

Buoy. SYN. Float, support, sustain, 
elevate, elate, assure, animate, cheer, 

ANT. Sink, drown, depress, swamp, 
overcome, deject, crush, fail, betray. 

Buoyant. SYN. Sprightly, spirited, 
vivacious, lively, light, floating, hope- 
ful, cheerful, elastic, JOY"> 

i BUS 

ANT. Heavy, depressed, cheerless, 
joyless, dejected, moody, desponding. 

Burdoii. v. [See LOAD]. 

Burden, n. SYN. Load, weight, Incu- 
bus, obstruction, oppression, grief, 
difficulty, affliction. 

ANT. Ease, lightness, airiness, expe- 
dition, facility, acceleration, abjuga- 
tion, liberation, light-heartedness, al- 
leviation, assuagement, mitigation, 
consolation, disburdenment. 

Burdensome. [See TROUBLESOME 

Burial. SYN. Interment, sepulture, 
inhumation, entombment. 
ANT. Exhumation, disinterment. 

Burke. SYN. Stifle, shelve, strangle, 

ANT. Enucleate, propound, pro- 
mulge, publicate, promote, foster, re- 
animate, eliminate, ventilate, bruit, 

Burlesque. SYN. Parody, travesty, 
satire, caricature, grotesque, droll, 
farcical, comic, ludicrous. 

ANT. Classic, pure, severe, tragic, 
historic, grave, truthful. 

Burly. [See BULKY]. 

Burn. SYN. Ignite,kindle, brand, con- 
sume, cauterize, rage, glow, smoulder, 
blaze, flash, cremate, incinerate. 

ANT. Extinguish, stifle, cool, wane, 
subside, glimmer, lower, pale. 

Burning. [See ARDENT]. 

Burnish. SYN. Brighten, glaze, pol- 
ish, gloze, gloss. 

ANT. Scratch, dull, abrade, bedim, 
cloud, frost, matt. 

Burst, v. SYN. Extrayasate, displode, 
explode, discharge, shiver,shatter,dia- 
rupt, rend, break, split. 
ANT. Cohere, hold, etand. 

Bury. SYN. Inter, inhume, conceal, 
repress, suppress, obliterate, cancel, 
entomb, compose, hush. 

ANT. Disinter, exhume, bruit, exca- 
vate, expose, resuscitate,publicate,ag- 

Business. SYN. Occupation, profes- 
sion, vocation, transaction, trade, call- 
ing, office, employment,interest, duty, 
affair, matter, concern. 
ANT. Stagnation, leisure, inactivity. 

Bustle. SYN. Business, activity, stir, 
commotion, energy, excitement, haste, 
hurry, eagerness, flurry. 
ANT. Idleness, vacation, inactivity. 


Indolence, Indifference, unconcerned- 
ness, coolness, calm, stagnation,quiet, 

Busy. SYN. Industrious, diligent, as- 
siduous, engaged, occupied. 

ANT. Idle, slothful, lazy, indolent, 

But. SYN. Save, except, barring, yet, 
beside, excluding, still, excepting, not- 

ANT. With, including, inclusive, 
nevertheless, however, notwithstand- 

Butchery. [See CARNAGE]. 

Buxom. SYN. Bonny, blithe, shapely. 
ANT. Lean, slender, ill-shaped. 

Buy. SYN. Purchase, bribe, subsidize, 
ANT. Sell, vend, hawk, retail. 

Buyer. [See BUY]. 


Cabal. SYN. Confederacy, conspiracy, 
combination, coterie, gang, faction, 
plot, political intrigue, junto, league. 
ANT. Parliament, legislation, coun- 
cil, government, empire, synod. 
Cabalistic. SYN. Mystic, symbolical, 
fanciful, occult. 

Am. Patent, practical, instructive, 
lucid, simple. 

Cabbage. SYN. Rob, steal, filch, crib, 
pocket, ehirk,pillage,abstract,purloin. 

Cachinnation. SYN. Grin, chuckle, 
giggle, snigger, titter, cackle. 

ANT. Long-facedness, whine, whim- 

Cackle. [See CACHTNNATION]. 
Cadaverous. SYN. Pale, exsanguine- 
ous, bloodless, hueless, pallid, ghastly, 

ANT. Rosy, incarnadine, sanguine, 
chubby, brawny. 

Caducity. SYN. Decline, infirmity, 
decrepitude, senility, decadence, tran- 
sience, delicacy. 

ANT. Vigor, youth, freshness, vitali- 
ty, renovation, permanence. 
Cage. SYN. Imprison,immure, confine, 
incarcerate, cabin, crib. 

ANT. Liberate, free, dismiss, unbar. 
Caitiff*. SYN. Rascal, miscreant,rogue, 
churl, villain, ruffian. 

ANT. Worthy, gentleman, patriot, 

i CAL 

Cajole. SYN. Tempt,lure,coai,flatter, 
wheedle, delude, cheat, inveigle, 
ANT. Chide, rate, scold, warn." 

Calamity. SYN. Disaster, misfortune, 
mishap, catastrophe, misadventure, 
trouble, visitation, affliction, reverse, 
ANT. God-send, blessing, boon. 

Calamitous. SYN. Disastrous, ill- 
fated, fatal, unlucky, hapless, unfor- 
tunate, inauspicious, troublous, ill- 
starred, ill-omened. 

ANT. Felicitous, fortunate, auspic- 
ious, favorable, propitious, advanta- 

Calculate. SYN. Estimate, consider, 
weigh, number, count, apportion, pro- 
portion, investigate, reckon,rate,com- 

ANT. Guess, conjecture, hit, chance, 
risk, stake, miscalculate. 

Calculated. SYN. Fitted, congenial, 
adapted, conducive. 

ANT. Unfitted, unadapted, unconge- 
nial, unconducive, adverse, unqualifi- 
ed, unsuited, miscalculated, ill-adapt- 

Calculating. SYN. Wary, cautious, 
circumspect, sagacious, careful, far- 
sighted, guarded. 

ANT. Shortsighted, dull, obtuse, 
improvident, incautious,rash,careless. 

Calculation. SYN. Estimation, con- 
sideration, balance,apportionment, in- 
vestigation, reckoning, computation, 
anticipation, forethought, regard, cir- 
cumspection, watchfulness, vigilance, 
caution, care. 

ANT. Inconsiderateness, inconsider- 
ation, incaution, indiscretion, miscal- 
cnlation.misconception.exclusion, ex- 
ception, omission, carelessness, sepd 

Calibre. SYN. Gauge, diameter, abil- 
ity, capacity, force, strength, power. 

ANT. Its correlative, as character, 
mind, etc. 

Call back. [See RECALL]. 

Call out, [See PROCLAIM], 

Call together. [See CONVENE]. 

Called. SYN. Named, designated, de- 
nominated, yclept termed. 

AI*T. Unnamed, undesignated, mis* 
named, misdesignated. 

Calling. [See BUSINESS]. 

Callous. [See HABD]. 


Calm. SYN. Smooth, pacify, compose, 
allay, still, soothe, appease, assuage, 
quiet, tranquilize. 

ANT. Stir, excite.agitate,disconcert, 
ruffle, lash. heat, discompose. 

Calumniate. [See SLANDER]. 

Calumniator. [See BACKBITER]. 

Calumnious. STN. Slanderous, de- 
famatory, scurrilous, abusive. 

Calumny. SYN. Slander, defamation, 
detraction, libel, tradiicement, back- 
biting, opprobrium, aspersion. 

ANT. Vindication,clearance, eulogy, 

Camp. SYN. Encamp, bivouac. 

Cancel. SYN. Efface, blot out, annul, 
expunge, nullify, quash, rescind, re- 
peal, revoke, abrogate, obliterate, dis- 
charge, era-e, abolish, countervail. 

ANT. Enforce, enact, re-enact, con- 
firm, perpetuate, contract. 

Candid. STN. Fair, honest, open, sin- 
cere, frank, artless, impartial, plain, 
straightforward, aboveboard, transpa- 
rent, unreserved, ingenious. 

ANT. I'nfair, close, mysterious, re- 
eerve 1, shuffling, disingenuous, iusin- 
ce-e. Jesuitical. 

Candidate. SYN. Aspirant, petition- 
er, canvasser, applicant, claimant, so- 

ANT. Waiver, decliner, abandoner, 
resigner. abjurer, non-competitor. 

Canon. STN. Rule, measure, regula- 
tion, test, law. 

ANT. Misguidance, antinomy, Irreg- 
ularity, misrule. 

Canvass, r. SYN. Question, Investi- 
gate, challenge, test, dispute, solicit, 
sift, examine, discuss, apply for, re- 

ANT. Pretermit, allow, ignore, dis- 
regard, admit, pass, misexamine, mis- 

Capable. [See ABLE]. 

Capability. SYK. Cleverness, apti- 
tude, talent, capacity, power, facility, 

ANT. Dulness, inaptitude, awkward- 
ness, difficulty. 

Capacious. SYN. Spacious, compre- 
hensive, voluminous, ample, accom- 
modative, extensive, wide. 

ANT. Narrow, restricted, limited, 
confined, shallow, contracted, petty. 

Capacity. STN. Space, size, volume, 

47 CAB 

tonnage, calibre, ability, faculty, om. 
pability, cleverness, talents, magni- 
tude, parts, competency, comprebea. 
siveness, accommodation. 

ANT. Narrowness, restriction, Inca- 
pacity, coarctation, coutractedness. 

Capital. SYN. Chief, excellent, im- 
portant, cardinal, principal, consum- 
mate, high. 

ANT. Inferior, unimportant, subor- 
dinate, minor, defective, mean. 

Capitulate. SYN. Stipulate, yield, 
surrender, submit. 
ANT. Resist, struggle, contend. 

Caprice. [See VAGARY]. 

Capricious. STN. Wayward, uncer. 
tain, fanciful, freakish, fitful, fickle, 
changeful, whimsical, humorsome, in- 
constant, crotchety. 

ANT. Firm, unchanging, inflexible, 
decided, unswerving, constant. 

Captious. SYN. Carping, caviling, 
censorious, hypercritical, cross, fault* 
finding, critical, cynical, petulant, ir- 
ritable, splenetic, touchy, peevish, 

ANT. Appreciative, commendatory, 
encouraging, complimentary, approv- 
ing, laudatory, flattering. 

Captivate. [See BEWITCH]. 

Captivated. SYN. Taken, charmed, 
smitten, fascinated, enslaved,. captur- 
ed, enthralled. 

ANT. Free, unaffected, uninflu- 
enced, unscathed, insensible, insens- 

Captivating. SYN. Charming, be- 
witching, fascinating, alluring, se- 
ductive, attractive. 

ANT. Hideous, loathsome,repulsive. 
uucapt iviit ing. uninteresting. 

Captivity. [See THRALDOM.] 

Capture, v. Tsee SEIZE], 

Capture, n. [See PRIZE]. 

Care. SYN. Attention, pains, anxiety, 
concern, trouble, circumspection, re- 
gard, solicitude, caution, prevention, 
custody, preservation, thrift, heed, 
foresight, wariness, economy, pru- 

ANT. Inattention, neglect, disregard, 
carelessness, indifference, temerity, 
remissness, improvidence, unguard- 
edness, incaution. 

Career. SYN. Course, success, walk, 
line, progress, history, way of llf% 
passage, race. 

CAB 48 

ANT. Misproceeding, misdeport- 
ment, unsuccess, miscarriage. 
Careful. [See THOUGHTFUL]. 
Careless. [See THOUGHTFUL. ANT]. 
Caress, v. [See FONDLE]. 
Caress, n. SYN. Endearment, bland- 
ishment, wheedling, fondling, strok- 

ANT. Vexation, irritation, annoy- 
ance, teasing, persecution, provoca- 

Cargo. STN. Freight, burden, load, 
consignment, merchandise, lading, 

AWT. Conveyance, bearer, carrier. 
Caricature. SYN. Mimicry, parody, 
travesty, burlesque, extravagance, ex- 
aggeration, hyperbole, monstrosity, 

ANT. Portraiture, representation, 
resemblance, justice, fidelity, truth- 
f u Iness. 

Carnage. SYN. Massacre, slaughter, 
bloodshed, butchery. 

ANT. Ransom, deliverance, quarter. 
Carnal. SYN. Fleshly, sensual, self- 
indulgent, licentious, animal, coarse, 
base, worldly, impure, libidinous, 

ANT. Spiritual, ethereal, pure, self- 
controlled, temperate, exalted, re- 

Carnival. SYN. Revel, rout, fes- 
tivity, masquerade. 

ANT. Fast, mortification, lent, 

Caroi. SYN. Sing, warble, chirp, trill, 
whistle, chirrup, chant, hum. 

ANT. Whine, croak, cry, dirge, la- 

Carouse. SYN. Festivity, feast, ban- 
quet, revel, debauch. 

ANT. Fast, starvation, maceration, 

Carousal. SYN. Wassail, revel, ban- 
quet, orgies. 

arp. SYN. Cavil, censure, challenge, 
overhaul, canvass, hypercriticise, ob- 
ject, catch. 

ANT. Allow, concede, admit, com- 
pliment, encourage, approve, applaud, 
endorse, acquiesce, assent. 
Carpet. (Metaphorical). SYN. Table, 
board, consideration, consultation. 

ANT. Shelf, rejection, disposal, ob- 


Carriage. SYN. Transportation, con- 
veyance, bearing, manner, conduct, de- 
meanor, walk, gait, mien, behavior, 
deportment, vehicle. 

ANT. Misconveyance, miscarriage, 
misconduct, misconsignmeat. 

Carry. [See BEAK]. 

Carry on. [See TRANSACT]. 

Carry through. [See COMPLETE]. 

Case. SYN. Occurrence, circumstance, 
contingency, event, plight, predica- 
ment, fact,subject, condition, instance. 
ANT. Hyppthesis,supposition, fancy, 
theory, conjecture. 

Cash. SYN. Money, specie, coin, cur- 
rency, capital. 

Cast. f. SYN. Hurl, send down, throw, 
fling, pitch, impel, project, construct, 
mold, frame. 

ANT. Kaise, elevate, recover, erect, 
accept, approve, retain, carry, ignore, 
miscalculate, misprovide, break, dis- 
sipate, dismember, dislocate. 

Cast, n, SYN. Mould,stamp,kind,fignre, 
form, aspect, mien, air, style, manner, 

ANT. Malformation, deformity, ab- 

Cast away. [See REJECT.]. 

Cast down. [See MELANCHOLY]. 

Cast out. [See EJECT]. 

Caste. SYN. Order, class,rank,lineage, 
race, blood, dignity, respect. 

ANT. Degradation, taboo,disrepnte, 
abasement, reproach. 

Castigate. SYN. Whip, flagellate, 

ANT. Reward, encourage, decorate, 

Casual. SYN. Accidental, occasional, 
incidental, contingent,unforeseeu, for- 

ANT. Regular, ordinary, systematic, 
periodic, certain, fixed. [See CAS- 

Casualty. SYN. Accident, contingen- 
cy, chance, fortuity, hap, misfortune, 
occurrence, mischance. [See ACCI- 

ANT. Appointment,assignment, pro- 
vision, ordinance, enactment. 

Casuistry. SYN. Sophistry, Jesuitry, 
fallacy, refinement, quibble, straw- 

ANT, Reason, conscience, commoo- 


Catalogue, n. [See RECORD]. 

Catastrophe. SYN. Revolution, dis- 
aster, calamity, misfortune, misad- 
venture, reverse, blow, visitation. 

ANT. Blessing, victory, triumph, fe- 
licitation, achievement, ovation, suc- 
cess, godsend. 

Catch. SYN. Take, seize, grip, clutch, 
capture, secure, ensnare, snatch, hit, 
arrest, comprehend, overtake, appre- 

ANT. Lose, miss, misapprehend, es- 

Catching. [See PESTIFEROUS]. 

Catechlsni. SYN. Erotetics, socratics, 
interrogation, creed, system, compend- 

ANT. Reading, excogitation, elab- 

Catechumen. SYN. Tyro, learner, 
pupil, novice, scholar. 

ANT. Master, doctor, professor, 
teacher, savant. 

Categorical. SYN. Plain, positive, 
declaratory, peremptory, affirmative, 
absolute, demonstrative, distinct. 

ANT. Obscure, uncertain.ambiguous, 
dubious, contingent, hypothetical, ha- 
zy, oracular, enigmatical, mystical. 

Category. STN. State, kind, predica- 
ment, condition, nature, order, mode, 
sort, class. 
ANT. Essence, truth, being. 

Causality. SYN. Eventuality, oper- 
ativeness, potentiality, effectuality, 
productiveness, conduciveness. 

ANT. Prevent! veness, retardative- 
ness, obstructiveness, counteractivity, 
unproductiveness, ineffectiveness, in- 
operativeness, barrenness. 

Causation. [See CAUSALITY]. 

Cause, r. [See PRODUCE]. 

Cause, n. SYN. Source, origin, pro- 
ducer, agent, creator, purpose, induce- 
ment, reason, account, principle, mo- 
tive, object, suit, action. 

ANT. Effect, result,accomplishment, 
end, production, issue, preventive. 

Caustic. SYN. Burning, mordant, pun- 
gent, irritating, biting, pointed, sar- 
castic, trenchant, severe. 

ANT. Pointless, mild, soothing, con- 
ciliating, vapid, flat, tame. 

Caution. SYN, [See CARE and CALCU- 

Cautious. [S"e CIRCUMSPECT], 

49 CH3X 

Cavalier, a. [See ABROGANT! 

Cavil. [See CARP]. 

Cavity. [See OPENING]. 

Caviller. [See CAVIL J. 

Cease. SYN. Intermit, stop, desist, alv 
stain, discontinue, quit, refrain, end, 
pause, leave off. 

ANT. Ceaseless, never-ending, ever- 
lastmg,constant,incessant. [See ETV> 

Ceaseless. [See CEASE], 

Cede. [See RELINQUISH]. 

Celebrate. [See HONOR]. 

Celebrated. SYN. Famed, renowned, 
illustrious, eminent, glorious, fa. 
mous, noted, distinguished, notable, 

ANT. Unrenowned, obscure, undis. 
tinguished, unknown, disgraced,mean. 

Celebration. SYN. Commemoration, 
solemnization, observance. 

ANT. Oblivion, inobservance, ob- 
solescence, desuetude. 

Celebrity. SYN. Fame, honor, glory, 
star, reputation, distinction, renown, 
notability, eminence, notoriety. 

ANT. Obscurity, meanness, inglori- 
ousness, ignomiuy,disgrace,contempt, 
cipher, nobody. 

Celerity. SYN. Rapidity, speed, haste, 
velocity, swiftness, quickness, fleet- 
ness, despatch. 

ANT. Slowness, inertness, slaggish- 
ne-s. tardiness, cnmhrnnsnees. 

Celestial. SYN. Heavenly, ethereal, 
atmospheric, supernal, angelic, ra- 
diant, eternal, immortal, seraphic, di- 
vine, godlike, elysian. 

ANT. Earthly, terrestrial, terrene, 
sublunary, human, mortal, hellish, in- . 

Cement. SYN. Bind, bond, unite, per- 
petuate, consolidate. 

ANT. Detach, dissolve, dissociate, 
disintegrate, divorce. 

Censorious. [See CAPTIOUS]. 

Censure, r. [See BLAME]. 

Censure. SYN. Blame, stricture, 
reproach, reprobate, inculpate, re- 
prove, condemn, reprehend, chide, 
berate, scold, upbraid, disapproval, 
remonstrance, rebuke, reprimand, 

ANT. Praise, eulogy, approbation, 
encouragement, commendation. 

Central. SYN. Mediate, accessible 

CEN 60 

ANT. Remote, inaccessible, incon- 

Centralize. SYN. Concentrate, fix, 
localize, collect. 

ANT. Disperse, disseminate, distrib- 
ute, apportion, divide, delocalize. 
Ceremonial. SYN. Official, minis- 
terial, functional, pompous, imposing, 
sumptuous, scenic. 

ANT. Ordinary, private, unimpos- 
ing, unostentatious, undramatic. 
Ceremonious. SYN. Punctilious, 
formal, prim, precise. 

ANT. Brusque, blunt, supercilious, 
bluff, unceremonious. 
Ceremony. SYN. Display, pageant, 
solemnity, rite, formality. 

Certain. SYN. True, fixed, regular, 
established, incontrovertibie,undoubt- 
ful, indubitable, infallible, unmistak- 
able, sure, unfailing, real, actual, un- 
deniable, positive, convinced, assured. 

ANT. Uncertain, dubious, excep- 
tional, irregular, casual, occasional, 
questionable, doubtful, vacillating, un- 
decided, uncertain. 

Certainly. SYN. Surely, positively, 

ANT. Possibly, probably, perhaps, 
contingently, doubtfully, occasion- 

Certainty. SYN. Assurance, demon- 
strableness, positiveness, unquestion- 
ableness, confidence, conviction. 

ANT. Dubiousness, precariousness, 
casualty, vicissitude, uncertainty, ir- 
regularity, hesitation, doubt, mis- 
giving, conjecture, indecision. 
Certify. SYN. Acknowledge, aver, at- 
test, vouch, avow, avouch, testify, pro- 
test, declare, demonstrate, prove, evi- 
dence, inform, assure. 

ANT. Disprove, disavow, misinform, 

Cessation. SYN. Stopping, halt, dis- 
continuance, quiescence, suspension, 
intermission, lull, respite, stop, rest, 
abeyance, pause. 

ANT. Continuance, uninterrupted- 
ness, unintermission, incessancy. 
Cession. SYN. Concession, yielding, 
surrender, abandonment, relinquish- 
ment, grant. 

ANT. Retention, claimanee, mainte- 
nance, appropriation, usurpation, vin- 
dbmtkm, assumption. 


Chafe. SYN. Gall, rub, vex, irritate, 
chagrin, tease, harass, disappoint, 
grieve, annoy, worry, calcitrate, re 
sent, resist, fret, fidget, writhe. 

ANT. Soothe, smooth, coax, calm, 
humor, console, submit, endure, sue- 
cumb, crouch, truckle. 

tli a II". SYN. Banter, badinage, non- 
sense, frivolity, trash, chaffer. 

ANT. Emphasis, seriousness, sense, 
substance, reason, argument, marrow, 
pith, gist. 

Chaffer. SYN. Haggle, bargain, hig- 
gle, stickle, boggle. 

ANT. Close, conclude, agree, negoti- 

Chagrin, v. [See CHAFF.]. 

Challenge, v. SYN. Defy, summon, 
dare, question, investigate, brave, can- 
ANT. Pass, allow, grant, concede. 

Champion, n. SYN. Hero, warrior, 
combatant, vindicator, challenger, de- 
fender, protector. 

ANT. Renegade, deserter, poltroon, 
miscreant, traitor, coward, adversary, 

Chance, v. [See HAZARD]. 

Chance, n. SYN. Accident, fortuity, 
hazard, haphazard, fortune, random, 
casualty, bef ailment, luck. 

ANT. Law, rule, sequence, conse- 
quence, causation, effectuation, in- 
tention, purpose, design, certainty. 

Change, v. BYN. Vary, alter, modify, 
diversify, qualify, transmute, eubsti 
tute, fluctuate, shift, veer, exchange. 

ANT. Conserve, retain, stabilitate, 
fix, clinch, stand, endure, last, hold. 

Change, n. [See VABIATION]. 

Changeable, Changeful. [See 

Changeless. SYN. Regular, settled, 
steady, firm, stationary, consistent, 
resolute, reliable, undeviating, uni- 
form, immutable, immovable. 

ANT. Irregular, unsettled, unsteady, 
wavering, fluctuating, capricious, ir- 
resolute, vacillating, variable, muta- 
ble, plastic. 

Chaplet. SYN. Garland, wreath, cor- 

Character. SYN. Symbol, letter, na- 
ture, type, disposition, genius, tem. 
perament, cast, estimation, repute, of- 
fice, reputation, part, aapacity, class, 
^rder, sort, stamp, kind, quality, 


species, sign, tone, mark, figure, rec- 

ANT. Vagueness, anonymousness, 
nondeseription, disrepute. 

Characteristic. SYN. Distinction, 
peculiarity, diagnosis, idiosyncrasy, 
speciality, individuality, personality, 

ANT. Nondescription, abstracted- 
ness, generality, miscellany. 

Characterize. SYN. Mark, distin- 
guish, describe, particularize, style, 
designate, individualize, specify,iden- 

ANT. Hint, insinuate, sketch, sug- 
gest, adumbrate. 

Charge. SYN. Direct, enjoin, ad- 
vise, admonish, arraign , inculpate, en- 
trust, commit, load, accuse, impeach, 
attack, assault, impute, carry. 

ANT. Clear, free, discharge, acquit, 

Chargeable. SYN. Attributable, as- 
cribable, imputable. 

ANT. Not attributable, not ascriba- 
ble, not imputable. 

Charity. [See BENEVOLJSNCE]. 

Charitable. SYN. Kind, benign, be- 
nevolent, beneficent, liberal, consid- 
erate, forgiving, compassionate, pla- 
cable, inexacting, inextreme. 

ANT. Uncharitable, unkind, harsh, 
selfish, churlish, illiberal, censorious, 
unforgiving, uncompassionate, im- 
placable, extreme, exacting, retalia- 
tive, revengeful. 

Charlatan. [See QUACK]. 

Charm, v. SYN. Bewitch, enchant, 
fascinate, lay, soothe, mesmerize, de- 
light, enrapture, transport, entice, al- 
lure, entrance, captivate, subdue. 

ANT. Disenchant, disillusionize, ex- 
cite, rouse, disturb, annoy, Irritate, 
alarm, terrify, repel, disgust. 

Charm, n. SYN. Spell, incantation, en- 
chantment, fascination, attraction, al- 

ANT. Disenchantment, repulsion, 

Chary. SYN. Careful, cautions, cal- 
culating, frugal, shy, wary, sparing, 
slow, saving, reluctant. 
ANT. Liberal, lavish, profuse, eager. 

Chase, v. SYN. Pursue, hunt, follow, 
drive, prosecute. 

ANT. Abandon, relinquish, discard, 
dismiss, avoid, elude, evade. 

51 CHE 

Chaste. SYN. Pure, modest, nncotv 
laminated, spotless, immaculate, un- 
dented, virtuous, incorrupt, simple, 
unaffected, nice. 

ANT. Impure, corrupt, meretri- 
cious, gaudy, flashy, over-decorated. 

Chasten. SYN. Purify, discipline, 
chastise, correct, castigate, improve, 
spiritualize, afflict, refine. 

ANT. Indulge, sensualize, brutalize, 
degrade, corrupt, pamper, carnalize, 
spoil, demoralize. 

Chat, f See BABBLE]. 

Chattels. SYN. Effects, goods, wares, 
movables, furniture. 
ANT. Freehold. 

Chatter. SYN. Rattle, jabber, cackle, 
prattle, twaddle. 

ANT. Reason, sense, argument, re- 
ticence, philosophy, conversation. 

Cheap. SYN. Common, inexpensive, 
uncostly, mean, vile, worthless, low- 

ANT. Rare, costly, worthy, expen- 
sive, honorable, noble, high. 

Cheat, v. SYN. Overreach, fleece, si- 
lence, trick, gull, cozen, juggle, de- 
fraud, swindle, dupe, beguile, deceive, 
deprive, hoodwink, prevaricate, dis- 
semble, shuffle, inveigle. 

ANT. Enlighten, guide, remunerate, 
compensate, undeceive, disabuse. 

Cheat, n, SYN. Deception, fraud, im- 
position, trick, artifice, illusion, im- 
posture, swindle, finesse, deceit, lie, 

ANT. Troth, reality, verity, fact, 
certainty, genuineness, verification, 
honesty, authenticity. 

Check, n. SYN. Repulse, hindrance, 
set back, rebuff. 

ANT. Encouragement, freedom, lib- 

Check, v. SYN. Curb, restrain, stop, 
stay, repress, hinder, impede, inhibit, 
cohibit, bridle, control, obstruct. 

ANT. Loose, liberate, instigate, nc- 
celerate, license, indulge, allow, abet. 

Cheer, v. [See ENCOURAGE]. 

Cheer, n. SYN. Hope, happiness, com- 
fort, hospitality, plenty, conviviality. 
ANT. Dejection, sullenness, gloom, 
starvation, niggardliness, dearth, in* 
hospitableness, churlishness, unsocia- 

Cheerful. SYN. Lively, gay, bright, 
happy, bonny, merry, joyful, pleaa* 


nt, buoyant, stmnY, enlivening, In 
good spirits, sprightly, blithe, joy- 

ANT. Lifeless, dull, gloomy, un- 
happy, dejected, depressed, sullen, 
joyless, melancholy, depressing, dis- 

Cheerfulness. [See CHEEBFUL]. 

Cheerless. [See CHEERFTTL]. 

Cherish. STN. Foster, nurse, pro- 
mote, nourish, nurture, comfort, pro- 
tect, entertain, value, encourage. 

ANT. Stifle, abandon, discard, dis- 
courage, check. 

Chew. STN. Masticate, munch, eat. 
ANT. Gorge, bolt whole. 

Chicanery. STN. Artifice, subtlety, 
sophistry, subterfuge, prevarication, 
shift, trickery, dodge, quibble, mysti- 
fication, pettifogging, underhanded- 

ANT. Openness, candor, fairness, 
cogency, demonstrativeness, sound- 

Chide. STN. Kate, scold, trounce, re- 
prove, reprimand, rebuke, blame, ad- 
monish, objurgate. 
ANT. Applaud, flatter, compliment. 

Chief, adj. (chef, the head). [See CAP- 

Chief, n. [See CHIEFTAIN]. 

Chiefly. [See MAINLT]. 

Chieftain. STN. Captain, general, 
chief, commander, head man, leader. 

ANT. Follower, attendant, retainer, 
subaltern, vassal, satellite, rninion,ad- 

Childish. STN. Weak, silly, puerile, 
infantine, imbecile, foolish, trifling, 
paltry, trivial. 

ANT. Strong, resolute, manly, wise, 
judicious, sagacious, chivalrous, pro- 
found, politic. 

Chimerical. [See VISIONABY]. 

Chivalrous. STN. Courageous, gener- 
ous, knightly, gallant, heroic, adven- 
turous, valiant, spirited, handsome, 

ANT. Unhandsome, dirty, sneaking, 
pettifogging, scrubby, dastardly, .;-9o- 
reant, ungenerous, ungentlemanly. 

Choice, n. STN. Option, adoption, se- 
lection, election, preference, alterna- 

ANT. Compulsion, necessity, rejec- 
tion, refusal, unimportance, indiffer- 
ence, refuse. 

03 COB 

Choice, a. STN. Select, exquisite, pre> 
cious, dainty, cherished, valuable, ex. 
eellent, rare. 

ANT. Common, ordinary, Inferior, 
cheap, valueless,despicable, trumpery. 

Choke. STN. Throttle, strangle, gag, 
smother, burke, suffocate, stifle. 

ANT. Eliminate, educe, promote,de- 
monstrate, discuss, disseminate, moot, 
bruit, ventilate. 

Choler. [See ANGEK]. 

Choleric. STN. Hasty, testy, impetu- 
ous, irascible. 

ANT. Cool, phlegmatic, serene, plac- 
id, dispassionate, stoical. 

Choose. STN. Select, elect, prefer, ap- 
propriate, adopt, cull, pick out. 

ANT. Leave, dismiss, reject, refuse, 
disclaim, repudiate, ignore, decline. 

Chronicle, v. STN. Record, register. 

Chronicle, n. [See ANNALS]. 

Chuckle. STN. Grin, crow, cackle. 

ANT. Cry, wail, grumble, whimper, 

Churchyard. STN. Burying-ground, 
burial place, cemetery, God's acre, ne- 
cropolis, graveyard. 

Churlish. STN. Illiberal, niggardly, 
inhospitable, unsociable, unneighbor- 


ANT. Liberal, bountiful, hospitable 
neighborly, sociable. 
Cipher. STN. Nonentity, dot, nothing, 
trifle, button, (flg.) straw, pin, rush, 

ANT. Somebody,big-wig,Bomethlng. 
notability, celebrity, triton, colossus, 
Circuit. STN. Tour, circumference. 

ANT. Line, straightness, directness. 
Circuitous. STN. Indirect, tortuous, 
devious, serpentine, round about, sin- 
uous, winding. 

ANT. Linear, direct, straight. 
Circular. STN. Round, spherical. 

ANT. Lineal, direct. 
Circulate. STN. Disseminate^lSuse, 
propagate, publish, notify, spread, 

ANT. Suppress, avert, hush, cease, 

Circumference. STN. Periphery,en- 
closure, circuit, outline, boundary. 

ANT. Diameter, crossing, bi-section, 
transection, transverslon. 
Circumlocution. STN. Periphrasis, 


verbosity, inconciseness, insuccinct- 
ness, ambiguousness, anfractuosity. 

ANT. Terseness, point, conciseness, 
succinctness, condensation, directness, 
plainness, simplicity, coherence. 

Circumscribe. SYN. Define, desig- 
nate, delineate, limit, enclose. confine, 
restrict, fence. 

ANT. Expand, dilate, dissipate, die- 
enclose, distend. 

Circumscribed. SYN. Limited, nar- 
row, restricted. 
ANT. Limitless, ample, unconflned. 

Circumspect. SYN. Cautious, wary, 
careful, heedful, attentive, prudent, 
watchful, scrupulous, vigilant. 

ANT. Heedless, incautious, careless, 
reckless, invigilant. incircumspeot. 

Circumstance. SYN. Detail, feature, 
point, event, occurrence, incident, sit- 
uation, position, fact, topic, condition, 
particular, specialty. 
ANT. Deed, case, transaction. 

Circumstantial. SYN. Inferential, 
constructive, minute, detailed, elabor- 
ate, specific. 

ANT. Jocular, positive, inaccurate, 
loose, general. 

Circumvent. SYN. Ensnare, entrap, 
outwit, diplomatize. 

ANT. Force, subjugate, reduce, com- 

Circumventlon.fSee CIRCUMVENT]. 

Citadel. SYN. Fortress, castle, strong- 
hold, acropolis. 

Cite. SYN. Summon, call,quote, adduce, 
mention, name, select, refer to. 

ANT. Discard, dismiss, canvass, dis- 
pute, reject, contradict, disprove, dis- 
credit, challenge. 

Citizen. SYN. Townsman, inhabitant, 
burgess, subject, denizen. 
ANT. Alien, foreigner, visitor, exile. 

Civic. SYN. Municipal, corporate, ur- 
bane, oppidan. 

ANT. Suburban, provincial, rural, 

Civil. SYN. Well-mannered, political, 
courteous, well-bred, complaisant, af- 
fable, urbane, polite, obliging, accom- 
modating, respectful. 

ANT. Disobliging, unaccommodat- 
ing, disrespectful, boorish, clownish, 
churlish, uncivil. 

Civilization. SYN. Amelioration, 
culture, cultivation, humanization, re- 

53 OLE 

ANT. Demoralization, savagery, nn- 
civilization, barbarism, rudeness, 

Claim, v. SYN. Demand, ask, require, 
insist, pretense, right, privilege, title, 
request, maintain. 

ANT. Forego, waive, disclaim, ab- 
jure, disavow, abandon, concede, sur- 
render, repudiate. 

Claim, n. SYN. Assertion, vindication, 
pretension, title, right, privilege, ar- 
rogation, demand. 

ANT. Waiving, abjuration, dis- 
claimer, surrender. 

Claimant. SYN. Assertor, vindica- 
tor, appellant, litigant. 

ANT. Rt'liuqui.-her, resigner, con- 
ceder, waiver, renouncer, abjurer. 

Clamor. SYN. Contention, conten- 
tiousness, squabble, tumult, hubbub, 
noise, uproar, outcry, obloquy. 

ANT. Silence, acquiescence, ret- 

Clamorous. [See NOISY]. 

Clandestine. SYN. Furtive, secret, 
ely, stealthy, surreptitious, hidden, 
disguised, concealed, private, under- 

Clasp. SYN. Grasp, connect, unite, 
bracket, concatenate, embrace. 

ANT. Relax, sever, unclasp, discon- 
nect, detach, exclude. 

Class. [See ORDER]. 

Classical. SYN. Pure, refined, ele- 
gant, polished, chaste, augustan. 

ANT. Corrupt, debased, inelegant, 
harsh, barbarous, uiielassical, un- 

Classification. (tXao-ic- SYN. Order, 
species, nature, character, cast,stamp, 
group, kind, section, sect, category, 
assortment, designation, description, 

ANT. Individuality, speciality, isola- 
tion, alienation, division, distinction, 
singularity, exclusion, heterogenity. 

Classify. SYN. Arrange, systematize, 
adjust, rank, class, tabulate, dispose, 
collocate, assort. 

ANT. Derange, confound, disorder, 
disorganize, intermix. 

Clause. SYN. Portion,paragraph, stip- 
ulation, provision, article, condition, 
chapter, section, passage. 

ANT. Document, instrument, muni- 

Clean, t. SYN. Purify, clarify. 


ANT. Pollute, befoul, bespatter, 

Clean, adj. SYS. Pure, neat, cleanly, 
clear, purified, cleansed, untarnished, 
spotless, uuclogged, upright. 

ANT. Impure, untidy, dirty, entan- 
gled, hampered, unclean. 

Clean v. SYN. Clarify, disencumber, 
disentangle, disembarrass, vindicate, 
liberate, set free, release, exonerate, 
exculpate, justify, retrieve, acquit,ab- 
eolve, whitewash, extricate, eliminate. 
ANT. Befoul, contaminate, pollute, 
clog, encumber, embarrass, involve, 

Clear, adj. SYN. Open, pure, bright, 
transparent, free, disencumbered, dis- 
entangled, disengaged, absolved, ac- 
quitted, serene, unclouded, evident, 
apparent, distinct, manifest, conspic- 
uous, unobstructed, plain, obvious, in- 
telligible, lucid. 

ANT. Thick, muddy, foul, opaque, 
encumbered, entangled, condemned, 
convicted, turbid, dubious, indistinct, 

Clearly. SYN. Plainly, obviously, dis- 
tinctly, evidently, palpably, lucidly, 
explicitly, perspicuously. 

ANT. Opaquely, indistinctly, Imper- 
fectly, confusedly. 

Cleave. SYN. Sunder, split, divide,ad- 
here, rend, di?sever, stick. 

ANT. Conserve, unite, splice, bond, 
cement, agglutinate, consolidate, sep- 
arate, depart, desert, apostatize, se- 

Clemency. [See MEBCY], 

Clergyman. SYN. Pastor, divine, par- 
son, preacher, presbyter, minister, el- 
der, deacon, bishop, dominie, rector, 
prelate, priest, monk, friar, vicar, 

ANT. Layman, laic, congregation,la- 
ity, flock. 

Clever. SYN. Able, ready, talented, 
quick, ingenious, dexterous, adroit, ex- 
pert, gifted, quick-witted, skillful, well- 

ANT. Weak, dull, stupid, slow, ill- 
contrived, doltish, uninventive, awk- 
ward, clumsy, bungling, botched. 

Climate. SYN. Air, atmosphere, tem- 
perature, weather, clime, sky, region, 
sphere, latitude. 
ANT. Earth, globe, world, sphere. 

Climax. SYN. Summit, height, con- 

54 CLtT 

summation, acme, point, head, merid. 
ian, culmination, zenith. 

ANT. Base, floor, bathos, anti-climax, 
depth, gulf, nadir. 

Climb. SYN. Ascend, mount, clamber, 
swarm, surmount, scale, escalade,soar, 
creep up, rise. 

ANT. Descend, drop, fall, slip, tum- 
ble, swoop. 

Cling. SYN. Fasten, hold, adhere, em- 
brace, stick, cleave, hang, twine, hug. 
ANT. Drop,recede,secede,apostatize, 
abandon, relax, forego, swerve, sur- 

Clip. SYN. Curtail, prune, contract, 

ANT. Elongate, cherish, grow, nour- 

Cloak. SYN. Conceal, disguise, mask, 
veil, hide, cover, palliate, screen, mit- 
igate, extenuate. 

ANT. Exhibit, propound, promulge, 
portray, aggravate, expose, demon- 
strate, reveal. 

Close. Adj. SYN. Narrow, limited, re- 
stricted, condensed, packed, secret, 
compressed, solid, firm, compact, re- 
served, niggardly, shut, fast, dense. 

ANT. Wide, open, ample, spacious, 
airy, unconfined, dispersed, rarefied, 
subtle, vaporous, patent, public, ad- 
vertised, open-handed, liberal, frank. 

Close, v. SYN. Shut, conclude, stop, 

ANT. Open, initiate, conduct, pro- 

Clothe, f. SYN. Invest, robe, drape, 
dress, array, attire, cover. 
ANT. Denude, strip, divest. 

Clothes. [See HABILIMENTS]. 

Cloudy. [See MUGGY and OBSCURE]. 

Clownish. SYN. Bustic, boorish, 
bucolic, boeotiau, awkward, clumsy, 
cloddish, untutored, rude. 

ANT. Polite, civil, urbane, affable, 
graceful, polished, refined, courtly, 
high-bred, intelligent, educated. 

Clumsy. SYN. Awkward, inexpert, un- 
couth, maladroit, botching, bungling, 
unskillful, unwieldly, unhandy, ill- 

ANT. Neat, workmanlike, artistic, 
handy, skillful, clever, expert, adroit, 

Cluster. SYN. Bunch, group, gather* 
ing. muster, throng. 

CLU 56 

ANT. Scattering, sprinkling, die- 

Clutch, r. SYN. Grasp, grab, seize, 
catch, grip, grapple with, snatch, 

ANT. Liberate, release, emancipate. 
Coagulate. SVN. Mix, blend, fuse, 
coalesce, amalgamate, condense. 

ANT. Rarefy, expand, dissipate, sub- 
tilize, discombine. 

Coadjutor. SYN. Assistant, ally, co- 
operator, accessory, accomplice. 

ANT. Opponent, counteractor, an- 
tagonist, baffler, adversary. 
Coalesce. SYN. Harmonize, blend, 
mix, combine, join, unite, amalga- 
mate, cohere. 

ANT. Disagree, discomport. 
.Coalition. SYN. Combination, con- 
sentaneity, compromise, consociation, 
union, alliance, league, compact, amal- 
gamation, composition, confederacy. 
ANT. Dissociation, disruption, dis- 
agreement, dissentience. 
Coarse. SYN. Common, ordinary, in- 
delicate, vulgar, gross, unrefined, im- 
modest, rough, rude, unpolished. 

ANT. Fine, refined gentle, polished, 
delicate, choice. 

Coax. SYN. Wheedle, fawn, flatter, 
ca.ole, persuade, overcome, seduce, 
allure, circumvent. 

ANT. Intimidate, coerce, impel, in- 
stigate, drive. 

Cobble. SYN. Patch, botch, bungle, 

ANT. Repair, manipulate, fine- 

Cobweb. SYN. Trifle, cipher, moon- 
shine, prejudice, bugbear, phantasy, 

ANT. Substance, verity, axiom, law. 
reality, perpetuity, institution, truth. 
Cockney. SYN. Londoner, citizen, 

ANT. Clodhopper, bumpkin, lout. 
Coddle. SYN. Spoil, humor, pamper, 

nurse, caress. 

Codger. SYN. Gaffer, churl, curmud- 

ANT. Swell, fop, spendthrift, scape- 
grace, puppy. 

Codify. SYN. Summarize, digest, in- 
corporate, embody, condense. 

ANT. Expunge, abrogate, annul, 
disembody, disincorporate, rescind. 
Coerce. SYN. Restrain, inhibit, impel, 


compel, drive, counteract, check, con- 
strain, force, confine, intimidate. 

ANT. Permit, persuade, urge, insti- 
gate, encourage, liberate, induce, se- 
duce, tempt. 

CoetaneouB. SYN. Coeval, contem- 
porary, synchronous. 

ANT. Incoincident, inoontemporane- 
ous, anachronistic, asynchronous. 
Coeval. [See COETANEOUB]. 
Coexist. SYN. Concur, comport, ac- 
company, coalesce, coincide. 

ANT. Disconcur, discomport. 
Coexistent. SYN. Concurrent, co- 
etaneous, contemporary, coincident, 
compatible, correspondent, correla- 

ANT. Discurrent, incontemporane- 
ous, incompatible, adverse, repugnant, 

Coextenslon. SYN. Commensurate- 
ness, equality, parallelism, conter- 

ANT. Incommensurateness, inade- 
quacy, inconterminousness, disparity, 
divergency, inequality. 
Coextensive. [See COEXTENSION!. 
Cogent. SYN. Forcible, powerful, po- 
tent, strong, persuasive, influential. 

ANT. Weak, ineffectual, powerless, 

Cogitate. SYN. Think, ruminate, re- 
flect, meditate, brood, speculate, con- 
template, ponder, muse. 

ANT. Idle, maunder, dream. 
Cogitation. [See COGITATE]. 
Cognizance. SYN. Notice, observa- 
tion, recognition, knowledge, experi- 

ANT. Inadvertence, neglect, ignor- 
ance, inexperience, oversight, con- 
Cognizant. SYN. Aware, informed. 

ANT. Unaware, ignorant, unin- 

Cohere. SYN. Stick, adhere, conform, 
unite, coalesce. 

ANT. Sever, separate, disunite, dis- 

Coherent. SYN. Consecutive, consist- 
ent, complete, sensible, compact, log- 
ical, close. 

ANT. Inconsecutive, rambling, dis- 
united, inconsistent, discursive, loose, 
silly, illogical, aberrant. 
Colilblt. SYN. Prevent, hinder, curb, 
restrain, inhibit. 


ANT. Indulge, permit, incite, insti- 
gate, encourage, urge. 

Coin. SYN. Fabricate, counterfeit, in- 
ANT. Misform, miscontrive. 

Coincide. [See AGREE]. 

Coincidence. SYN. Chance, fortuity, 
casualty, concurrence, correspon- 
dence, contemporaneousness, coni- 
mensurateness, harmony, agreement, 

ANT. Design, purpose, adaptation, 
asynchronisin, anachronism, dishar- 
mony, incommensurateuess, discord- 
ance, variation, difference. 

Cold. [See FRIGID]. 

Collate. SYN. Adduce, collect, com- 
pare, gather, induct, extract, cite. 

ANT. Verify, identify, recognize, 

Collateral. SYN. Indirect, related, 
connected, parallel. 

ANT. Direct, linear, essential, in- 

Colleague. SYN. Helper, companion, 
associate, ally, confederate, coadjutor, 
partner, assistant, adjutant, assessor. 
ANT. Co-oponent, co-rival, counter- 
agent, co-antagonist, competitor, col- 

Collect. SYN. Collate, gather, glean, 
sum, infer, learn, congregate, assem- 
ble, convoke, convene, muster, amass, 
garner, accumulate. 

ANT. Classify, arrange, distribute, 
dispose, dispense, divide, sort, deal. 

Collected. SYN. Calm, composed, 
cool, attentive, self-possessed, firm, 
placid, serene, unmoved. 

A.NT Excited, distracted, wander- 
ing, dazed, scared, bewildered. 

Collection. SYN. Assembly, assem- 
blage, store, gathering, collation. 

ANT. Dispersion, distribution, dis- 
pensation, division, arrangement, dis- 
posal, classification. 

Collision. SYN. Encounter, conflict, 
crash, opposition, impact, concussion, 

ANT. Interswerving, interdlver- 
gence, shave. 

Collocate. SYN. Place, locate, ar- 
range, classify, tabulate, allocate. 

ANT. Move, dislocate, distribute, 
dispense, disturb, disperse, confound, 
confuse, displace, misplace. 

Collocation. [See COLLOCATE]. 

56 COM 

Colloquy. SYN. Conference, consul- 
tation, conversation, council, confabu- 

ANT. Clamor, outcry, tumult, ba- 

Collnctatlon. SYN. Wrestling, con- 
tention, competition. 

ANT. Coadjutorship, assistance, sup- 
port, backing. 

Collusion. SYN. Connivance, accom- 
pliceship, confederacy. 

ANT. Baffling, frustration, counter- 
ment, betrayal, exposure, informer- 
ship, traitorship. 

Color. SYN. Hue, tint, complexion,pre- 
tense, speciousness, tinge, garbling, 
falsification, distortion, perversion, 

ANT. Achromatism, paleness, naked- 
ness, openness, genuineness, transpar- 
ency, truthfulness. 

Colorable. SYN. Specious, ostensible, 
deceptive, dressed, tinged, warped. 

ANT. Genuine, candid, open, naked, 

Colossal. [See GIGANTIC]. 

Combat, v. f See RESIST J. 

Combat, n. SYN. Encounter, conflict, 
contention, struggle, contest, engage- 
ment, arms, battle. 

ANT. Surrender, submission, media- 
tion, reconciliation, truce, arbitration. 

Combination. SYN. Union, associa- 
tion, consortment, concert, confedera- 
cy, alliance, league, coalition, cabal, 
ynthesis, co-operation. 

ANT. Division, disunion,disruption, 
dissolution, dispersion, analysis, oppo- 
sition, resistance, inter-repellence. 

Comely. SYN. Seemly, graceful, ele- 
gant, shapely, suitable, fitting, hand- 
some, decent, becoming. 

ANT. Unseemly, ungraceful, inele- 
gant, unshapely. 

Comfortable. SYN. Snug, satisfied, 
pleasant, agreeable, cozy, commodi- 
ous, convenient, consoled. 

ANT. Uncomfortable, dissatisfied, 
troubled, miserable, wretched, cheer- 
less, unhappy, disagreeable, forlorn. 

Comfortless. [See COMFORTABLE]. 

Comic. [See LUDICROUS]. 

Comity. SYN. Urbanity, pleasantness, 
affability, blandness. 

ANT. Rudeness, d'-tantness, rough- 
ness, churlishness. 

COM 67 

Command, r. SYN, Order, direct, in- 
struct, charge, bid, enjoin. 

ANT. Supplicate, entreat, persuade, 
beg, petition, suggest, represent. 
Command, n. [See MANDATE]. 
Commanding. [See AUTHORITA- 

Commemorate. SYN. Perpetuate, 
celebrate, solemnize, keep. 

ANT. Ignore, drop, abolish, forget, 

Commence. SYN. Begin, start, open, 
initiate, inaugurate, enter upon, eet 
about, undertake. 

ANT. Finish, terminate, conclude, 
consummate, complete. 
Commend. SYN. Praise, laud, extol, 
approve, recommend, encourage, ap- 
plaud, eulogize. 

ANT. Blame, censure, disapprove, 
discourage, denounce, condemn, dis- 

Commendation. [See APPROBA- 

Commensurate. SYN. Equal, ade- 
quate, sufficient, co-extensive, conter- 

ANT. Unequal, short, scant, inade- 
quate, insufficient, incommensurate. 
Comment, v. SYN. Note, observe, 
interpret, illustrate, expound, dilate, 
explain, expatiate, criticise. 

ANT. Confound, confuse, obscure, 
mystify, misinterpret, misapprehend, 
misconceive, misrepresent. 
Comment, n. [See OBSERVATION]. 
Commentator. SYN. Interpreter, 
explainer, note-maker, scholiast, ex- 
positor, glossarUt, elucidator. 

ANT. Mystifier, misinterpreter, 
puzzler, enigmatist, CEdipus. 
Commerce. SYN. Trade, traffic, mer- 
chandize, barter, exchange, business, 
communication, dealing, intercourse. 
ANT. Stagnation, exclusion, inac- 
tivity, interdict, embargo, dullaese. 
Commiserate. SYN. Despise, con- 
temn, pity, compassionate, condole, 

ANT. Admire, envy, disregard, mal- 
treat, molest, ignore, condemn. 
Commiseration. [See PITY], 
Commit. SYN. Perpetrate, execute, 
confide, do, relegate, intrust, assign, 
allocate, consign. 

ANT. Miscommit, xnisconsign, mis- 
intrust, omit 


Commodious. SYN. Ample, easy, 
convenient, spacious, suitable, com- 

ANT. Inconvenient, incommodious, 
narrow, ill-contrived, incommensur- 
ate, discommodious. 
Commodity. SYN. Staple, ware, ar- 
ticle, stock. 
ANT. Drug, offal, refuse, garbage. 

Common. SYN. Ordinary, familiar, 
habitual, every-day, frequent, coarse, 
vulgar, low, mean, universal. 

ANT. Unusual, exceptional, scarce, 
rare, uncommon, refined, partial, in- 
frequent, sporadic, egregious, ex- 

Commotion. SYN. Agitation, dis- 
turbance, tumult, excitement, turmoil, 

ANT. Quiescence, calm, subsidence; 
pacification, tranquillity, mitigation, 
appeasement, soothing, allaying, mod- 

Communicate. SYN. Adjoin, join, 
touch, reveal, disclose, divulge, pro- 
mulgate, publish, attach, co-operate, 
unite, impart, tell, announce, declare. 
ANT. Separate, disjoin, recede, stop, 
suppress, conceal, secrete, withhold, 

Communication. [See INTER- 

Communion. SYN. Participation, 
share, converse, agreement, partner- 
ship, comportjonment, fellowship, as- 
sociation, intercourse. 

ANT. Exclusion, deprivation, non- 
participation, disqualification, discon- 
nection, alienation, disruption. 

Community. SYN. Aggregation, as- 
sociation, commonwealth, co-ordina- 
tion, society, sympathy, order, class, 
brotherhood, fraternity, polity, unity, 
nationality, similarity, homogeneity. 
ANT. Segregation, secession, inde- 
pendence, dissociation, disconnection, 
rivalry, hostility, animosity, estrange- 
ment, dissimilarity, contrariance, 

Commute. SYN. Alter, mitigate, sub- 
stitute, exchange, compensate, barter, 
equalize, balance, modify. 

ANT. Misappropriation, misconvert, 
misappropriate, disallow, stabilitate, 
perpetuate, stereotype. 

Compact, n. [See AGREEMENT], 

Compact. Adj. SYN. Dense, close. 


hard, solid, firm, pithy, concise, con- 
densed, contracted, compendious, con- 
yenient, concentrated, consolidated, 

ANT. Ductile, brittle, friable,diffuse, 
unshapely, straggling, sparse, broad- 
cast, dispread. 

Companion. SYN. Associate, mate, 
comrade, colleague, ally, partner, ac- 
complice, coadjutor 

ANT. Rival, toe, antagonist, adver- 

Companionable. SYN. Pleasant, af- 
fable, sociable, convertible, friendly, 
easy, agreeable, gregarious. 

ANT. Disagreeable, churlish, unso- 
ciable, distant, reserved, ungeuial, 
cold, inaccessible, unneighborly, soli- 

Companionship. SYN. Converse, 
acquaintance, familiarity, intimacy, 
friendliness, association. 

ANT. Ignorance, distance, avoid- 
ance, estrangement, alienation, un- 
familiarity, wlitude, isolation. 

Company. SYN. Aggregation, asso- 
ciation, union, sodality, order, fra- 
ternity, guild, corporation, society, 
community, assemblage, assembly, 
crew, posse, gang, troop, audience, 
congregation, concourse. 

ANT. Rivalry, opposition, disquali- 
fication, antagonism, counter-agency, 
competition, counter-association. 

Compare. SYN. Assimilate, collate, 

ANT. Contrast, oppose, dissociate, 
disconnect, pit, distinguish. 

Comparable. SYN. Resembling, ap- 
proximate, similar. 

ANT. Dissimilar, unlike, remote, in- 

Comparative. SYN. Relatively, pro- 

ANT. Absolutely, actually,positively, 

Comparison. [See LIKENESS]. 

Compartment. SYN. Division, par- 
tition, allotment, sphere, space. 

ANT. Its correlative; viz., anything 
of which it is a compartment. 

Compass, n. SYN. Area, enclosure, 
circuit, circumference, horizon. 

ANT. Common, space, tract, expanse, 
boundlessness, limitlessness, inden- 

Compass, v. SYN. Encompass, sur- 

68 COM 

round, enclose, environ, circumscribe, 
embrace, achieve, effect, effectuate, 
consummate, complete, circumvent. 

ANT. Expand, dispand, unfold, am- 
plify, display, dismiss, liberate, dis- 
card, fail, bungle, botch, misconceive, 
mismanage, miscontrive. 

Compassion. SYN. Pity, sympathy, 
condolence, tenderness,fellow-feeling, 
commiseration, pardon. 

ANT. Hard-heartedness, unforgive- 
ness, cruelty,antipathy, denunciation, 
condemnation, vindictiveness, retali- 

Compassionate. [See KINO]. 

Compatible. SYN. Consistent, con- 
sentaneous, harmonious, co-existent, 
correspondent, congruous, accordant, 
agreeable, congenial, consonant. 

ANT. Incompatible, impossible, in- 
supposable, inconsistent, discordant, 
hostile, adverse, antagonistic, incon- 
gruous, destructive, inter-repugnant, 

Compeer. SYN. Equal , co-ordinate, 
peer, fellow, mate, compatriot, com- 
ANT. Inferior, superior, solitary. 

Compel. SYN, Force, oblige, drive, 
constrain, necessitate, make, coerce, 

ANT. Persuade, convince, coax, al- 
lure, egg, induce, tempt, seduce, ac- 
quit, cozen, liberate, release. 

Compendious. SYN. Condensed, 
concentrated, brief, short, succinct, 
concise, abridged, commodious, con- 
venient, useful, handy, comprehen- 
sive, compact. 

ANT. Diffuse, vague, prolix, shape- 
less, cumbrous, undigested. 

Compendium. [See ABRIDGEMENT]. 

Compensate. SYN. Atone, satisfy, 
remunerate, indemnity, reimburse, 
pay, requite, reward, recompense, 
make amends for. 

ANT. Defraud, deprive, cheat, dis- 
satisfy, injure, damage. 

Compensation. SYN. Remunera- 
tion, equivalent, wages, pay, allow- 
ance, restoration, restitution, satisfac- 
tion, atonement, expiation, indemnifi- 
cation, amercement, damages. 

ANT. Deprivation, injury, non-pay- 
ment, gratuity, donation, fraudulence, 


Compete. SYN. Contend, rival, cope, 
ANT. Participate, share. 

Competence. SYN. Power, adequacy, 
sufficiency, wealth, ability. 

ANT. Incompetence, weakness, in- 
ability, insufficiency, want, poverty, 
impecuniosity, indigence. 

Competent. [See ADEQUATE]. 

Competition. SYN. Rivalry, emula- 
tion, race, two of a trade. 

ANT. Association, colleagueship, al- 
liance, joint-stock, copartnership, 

Competitor. SYN. Rival, emulator, 
opponent, adversary, antagonist. 

ANT. Participator, partner, auxil- 
iary, colleague. 

Compilation. SYN. Collation, com- 
position, patchwork. 
ANT. Effusion, creation. 

Complacent. SYN. Pleased, satisfied, 
content, pleasant, affable, kind, man- 
nerly, acquiescent, amiable. 

ANT. Dissatisfied, irritated, churl- 
ish, unmannerly, morose, austere, 

Complain. [See GROWL]. 

Complaint. SYN. Murmur, discon- 
tent, repining, grievance, annoyance, 
remonstrance, expostulation, lamen- 
tation, sickness, disease. 

ANT. Congratulation, rejoicing, ap- 
probation, complacency, boon, bene- 
fit, applause, jubilee, health, sanity. 

Complaisant. [See POLITE], 

Complement. SYN. Completion, ful- 
nllment,totality, supply, counterpart, 

ANT. Deficiency, deficit, insufficien- 
cy, abatement, detraction, defalcation, 
diminution, drawback. 

Complete, v. [Ste ACCOMPLISH]. 

Complete, adj. SYN. Full, perfect, fin- 
ished, adequate, entire, consummate, 
total, exhaustive, thorough, accom- 

ANT. Incomplete, partial, imperfect, 
unfinished, inadequate. 

Completely. SYN. Fully, totally, al- 
together, wholly, perfectly, entirely, 

ANT. Partially, incompletely, Imper- 

Completion. [See TERMINATION]. 

Complex. SYN. Intricate, multifari- 
ous, compound, complicated, mulfcl- 

09 COM 

fold, involved, deep, many-sided, ab- 
struse, close, tangled, obscure. 

ANT. Obvious, plain, simple, direct, 
inobscure, superficial, vague, loose, 

Complexion. SYN. Face, aspect, col- 
or, look, feature, appearance, charac- 
ter, hue, interpretation, indication. 

ANT. Unindicativeness,concealment, 
reticence, inexpression, heart, core. 

Complexity, n. [See COMPLEX]. 

Compliance. SYN. Yielding, sub- 
mission, obedience, acquiescence, eou- 
sent, ductility, docility. 

ANT. Resistance, repulsion, disobe- 
dience, refusal, non-compliance. 

Compliant. [See SUBMISSIVE]. 

Complicated. SYN. Confused, intri- 
cate, involved, perplexed, entangled. 
ANT. Clear, simple, uninvolved, lu- 
cid, unraveled. 

Compliment, v. [See PRAISE]. 

Compliment, n. SYN. Homage, cour- 
tesy, fl attery, praise. 
ANT. Insult, discourtesy, contempt. 

Complimentary. SYN. Commend- 
atory, laudatory, panegyrical, eulo- 
gistic, encomiastic, lavish of praise. 

ANT. Disparaging, condemnatory, 
damnatory, denunciatory, reproach- 
ful, abusive, objurgatory, vitupera- 
tive, defamatory. 

Comply. [See YIELD]. 

Component. SYN. Ingredient, ele- 
ment, constituent, factor, con tent, rud- 

ANT. Aggregate, sum, entirety, ad- 
ventitious, compound,nou-constituent, 
foreign, heterogeneous. 

Comport. SYN. Demean, conduct,car- 
ry, bebuve, tally, consist, harmonize, 
match, agree, suit, coincide. 

ANT. M isdt'iiieau, misconduct, forget, 
rary, differ, disagree, contrast, mili- 

Compose. SYN. Construct, compile, 
soothe, allay, calm, put together, con- 
stitute, draw up, frame, form, pacify, 
mitigate, settle, adjust, write. 

ANT. Analyze, awaken, etir, dissect, 
criticise, irritate, excite. 

Composed. [See COLLECTED and 

Composition. SYN. Compound, con- 
formation, structure, mixture, combi- 
nation, compromise, adjustment, set* 
tlement, commutation. 


ANT. Analysis, segregation, exami- 
nation, criticism, discussion, disturb- 
ance, aggravation, perpetuation. 
Composure. SYN. Tranquillity ee- 
reneness, self-possession, sedateness, 
calm, repose. 

ANT. Perturbation, restlessness,mo- 
bility, disturbance. 

Compound, v. SYN. Concert, mix, 
amalgamate, fuse. 

ANT. Resolve, analyze. 
Compound, n. SYN. Mixture, com- 
bination,amalganiiitiou, juuction,unifi- 
cation, coalescence. 

ANT. Decomposition, analysis, dis- 
section, resolution. 

Comprehend. SYN. Comprise, em- 
body, grasp, understand, conceive, ap- 
prehend, enclose, include, involve,em- 

ANT. Exclude, except, misunder- 

Comprehension. SYN. Understand- 
ing, conception, capacity, perception, 

ANT. Misunderstanding, misconcep- 

Comprehensive. SYN. Wide, ample, 
general, extensive, large, broad, all, 
embracing, generic, significant, capa- 
cious, inclusive, compendious, preg- 

ANT. Narrow, restricted, shallow, 
exclusive, adversative, exceptive. 
Compress. SYN. Condense, compact, 
crowd, squeeze, contract, abridge, 
epitomize, summarize. 

ANT. Expand, dilate, diffuse, colli- 

Compression, f Sec COMPRESS]. 
Comprise, v. SYN. Embrace, include, 
involve, contain, comprehend, imply. 
ANT. Exclude, except, discard, bar, 
omit, reject. 

Comprobation. SYN. Induction,co- 
evidence, co-testimony. 

ANT. Disprpof,counter-evldence,ref- 
utation, rejoinder, intercontrariance. 
Compromise, v. SYN. Arbitrate, ad- 
just, compose, settle, endanger, impli- 
cate, involve. 

ANT. Aggravate, excite, foster, per. 
petuate, exempt, enfranchise, disen 
gage, extricate, exonerate. 
Compulsion, n. 8YN.For.ce,restraint, 
control, coercion. 


ANT. Persuasion, coaxing, alluring, 

Compunction. SYN. Contrition, pen- 
itence, misgiving, remorse, regret, 

ANT. Satisfaction,self-complacency, 

Compute. SYN. Calculate, reckon, 
count, number, appraise, value, esti- 
mate, cast up, rate. 

ANT. Conjecture, guess, surmise. 
Comrade. [See COMPEEK]. 
Concatenation. SYN. Linking, con- 
nection, stringing, continuity. 

ANT. Discatenation, unlinking, un- 
changing, severance, intermission,dis- 

Concave. SYN. Hollow, scooped, pit- 
ted, excavated, retreating, alveolar. 

ANT. Convex, tumular, protuberant, 
relievant, embossed, intumescent. 
Conceal. SYN. Hide,secrete,disguise, 
keep secret, dissemble, screen, sup- 

ANT. Reveal,manifest, exhibit,avpw, 
confess, expose, promulgate, publish, 

Concede. SYN. Surrender, grant, al- 
low, yield, admit, resign. 

ANT. Refuse, withhold, deny, con- 
tradict, contest, claim, contend. 
Conceit. SYN. Idea, notion, thought, 
affectation, vanity, abstraction, imag- 
ination, conception, whim, vagary, 

ANT. Substance, reality, verity, con- 
cretion, body, fact, naturalness, sim- 
plicity, unaffectedness, humility. 
Conceited. SYN. Egotistical, self-con- 
ceited, vain. 

ANT. Self-depreciating, simple, un- 
assuming, unaffected. 
Conceive. SYN. Imagine, apprehend, 
believe, suppose, design, think,under- 
6 land. 

ANT. Produce, express, propound, 
declare, execute, misconceive. 
Conception [See CONCEIVE]. 
Concentrate. SYN. Asaemble, con- 
verge, muster, congregate, convene, 
draw, conglomerate, condense, local- 
ize, centralize. 

ANT. Disperse, scatter, dismiss, de- 

Concentration. [See CONCEN- 
Concern* SYN. Interest, regard, anx- 


iety, matter, affair, institution, solic- 
itude, moment, regret, sympathy, sor- 

ANT. Indifference, disregard, care- 
lessness, congratulation, chuckling. 

Concerning. SYN. About, of, relat- 
ing, regarding, touching, in relation 
to, respecting, with respect to, with 
regard to, with reference to, relative 
ANT. Omitting, disregarding. 

Concert, v. [See CONTRIVE]. 

Concert, n. SYN. Onion, combination, 
concord, harmony, agreement, associ- 
ation, co-operation. 

ANT. Dissociation, counteraction, 

Concession. [See CONCEPE]. 

Conciliate. SYN. Win, gain, enlist, 
pacify, make friendly, reconcile, pro- 

ANT. Lose, estrange, excommuni- 
cate, eject, alienate, irritate, dis- 

Concise. SYN. Condensed, terse, preg- 
nant, expressive, pointed, neat, com- 
pendious, succinct, summary, brief, 

ANT. Diffuse, prolix, verbose, cir- 
cumlocutory, rambling, discursive. 

Conclave. SYN. Council, assembly, 
bureau, synod, cabiuet, caucus. 

ANT. Crowd, multitude, assemblage, 
population, throng, populace, mob, 

Conclude. SYN. Close, terminate, 
complete, end, decide, finish, infer, 
deduce, determine, argue. 

ANT. Begin, initiate, start, opeo,pro- 
long, protract, perpetuate, doubt, dis- 

Conclusion. [See CONCLUDE and 

Conclusive. SYN. Definitive, indis- 
putable, final, positive, decisive. 

ANT. Uncertain, dubious, question- 
able, hypothetical, !?upposititious,prob- 
lematical, theoretical, vague, indeter- 
minate, inconclusive. 

Concoct. SYN. Compound, prepare, 
mix, hatch, brew. 

ANT. Spoil, upset, disconcoct, dis- 
concert, mar, misprepare. 

Concoction. SYN. Brew, mixture, 
ANT. Crudity, rawness, ingredient. 

<S1 CON 

Concomitant. SYN. Accompanying 
attending, attendant, synchronous. 

ANT. Precedent,subsequent, diverse, 
unconnected, independent, irrelative. 
Concord. SYN. Harmony, accord- 
ance, agreement, peace, union, unity, 
unanimity, amity. 

ANT. Discord, disagreement, vari- 
ance, animosity. 

Concordance. [See CONCORD]. 
Concourse. SYN. Assembly, assem- 
blage, crowd, throng, convergence, 

ANT. Cabinet, conclave, cabal, dis- 
persion, desertion, solitude. 
Concrete. SYN. Firm, compact, con- 
solidated, indurated, embodied, par- 

ANT. Loose, sloppy, luteous, shift- 
ing, boggy, swampy, yielding, unre- 
sisting, abstract, generalize. 
Concur. SYN. Approve, acquiesce, as- 
sent, coincide, meet, converge, con- 
centrate, agree. 

ANT. Diverge, radiate, disagree, 
dissent, part, differ. 
Concussion. [See COLLISION and 


Condemn. SYN. Blame, convict, re- 
prove, cast, censure, denounce, doom, 

ANT. Absolve, acquit, exonerate, 
pardon, justify, r.pprove. 
Condense. [See ABRIDGE]. 
Condescend. SYN. Stoop, descend, 
deign, vouchsafe. 

ANT. Disdain, scorn, spurn. 
Condescension, n. [See CONDE- 

SYN. Affability, graciousness, favor, 

ANT. Haughtiness, arrogance, pride, 
superciliousness, disdain, scorn. 
Condign. SYN. Deserved, merited, 
meet, just, adequate. 

ANT. Undeserved, unmerited, scant, 

Condiment. SYN. Sauce, pickle, pre- 
serve, seasoning. 

ANT. Gall, wormwood, ashes, aloe* 
Condition. SYN. State, case, mood, 
term, mode, qualification, requisite, 
stipulation, predicament, proviso, sit. 
uation, circumstances, plight. 

ANT. Relation, dependence, situa. 
tiou, circumstance, concession, ht- 
fillmeut, adaptation. 


Conditionally. SYN. Provisionally, 
relatively, provided, hypothetical^, 

ANT. Absolutely, unconditionally, 
categorically, positively. 
Condole. SYN. Sympathize, console, 

ANT. Congratulate, exhilarate, dis- 
regard, rally, discompassionate, dis- 

Condolence. [See CONDOLE]. 
Condonation. SYN. Indulgence, ex- 
cuse, amuesty, pardon, forgiveness. 

ANT. Expiation, satisfaction, atone- 

Conduce. SYN. Concur, contribute, 
avail, aid, tend, coincide, converge, 
assist, help, make for, conspire, lead, 

ANT. Indispose, counteract, defeat, 
Conducive. [See CONDUCE]. 

SYN. Contributive, promotive, sub- 
sidiary, causative, effective, produc- 

ANT. Preventive, counteractive, 
contrarian t, repugnant, destructive. 
Conduct* v. SYN. Lead, bring, carry, 
transfer, direct, guide, control, man- 
age, administer. 

ANT. Mislead, miscarry, mismanage, 
misconduct, misadminister. 
Conduct, n. [See BEHAVIOR]. 
Confabulation. [See COLLOQUY]. 
Confection, n. [See CONCOCTION, 
sweet compounds]. 

SYN. Sweetmeat, sugarplum, cake, 

Confederacy, Confederation. 
SYN. Alliance, treaty, league, union, 

ANT. Disruption, secession, dis- 

Confederate. SYN. Leagued, allied, 
united, combined. 

ANT. Disunited, dissolved. 
Confederate, n. [See COMPANION]. 
Confer. SYN. Compare, collate, die- 
cuss, deliberate, converse, consult, 
give, present. 

ANT. Dissociate, contrast, hazard, 
conjecture, withhold, withdraw. 
Conference. SYN. Discussion, dis- 
course, consultation, parley, conven- 
tion convocation, meeting. 

62 CON 

ANT. Monologue, silence. [See CON- 

Confess. SYN. Avow, aver, own, re- 
veal, disclose, acknowledge. 

ANT. Disaver, disavow, suppress, 
silentiate, deny. 

Confession. SYN. Creed, catechism, 
articles, doctrines, tenets, profession, 
declaration, subscription. 

ANT. Heresy, apostacy, protest, con- 
demnation, refutation, index, renun- 
ciation, abjuration. 

Confidant. SYN. Confessor, adviser, 

ANT. Traitor, betrayer, rival. 
Confide. SYN. Trust, lean, hope, be- 
lieve, depend, rely. 

ANT. Doubt, distrust, disbelieve. 
Confidence. SYN. Trust, faith, be- 
lief, self-reliance, assurance, depend- 
ence, reliance. 

ANT. Distrust, mistrust, doubt, mis- 

Confident. SYN. Positive, assured, 
sure, certain, impudent, bold, san- 

Confidential. SYN. Private, secret, 
trustworthy, intimate. 

ANT. Public, open, patent, official, 
treacherous, insidious. 
Configuration. SYN. Shape, outline, 
delineation, form, figure, conforma- 
tion, contour. 

ANT. Shapelessness, amorphous- 
ness, formlessness, iadelineation, con- 
tortion, distortion, deformity. 
Confine. SYN. Immure, limit, bound, 
imprison, circumscribe, restrict, en- 
close, narrow, incarcerate, bind. 

ANT. Dilate, expand, extend, widen, 
unfasten, liberate, loosen, disenclose. 
Confined. [See CIRCUMSCRIBE], 
Confirm. SYN. Strengthen, stabilitate, 
establish, substantiate, settle, prove, 
fix, perpetuate, sanction, corroborate, 

ANT. Weaken, shake, upset, cancel, 
abrogate, repeal, annul, confute, re- 

Confirmation. [See CONFIRM]. 
Confiscate. SYN. Seize, escheat, dis, 
possess, sequestrate, distrain. 

ANT. Restore, release, refund. 
Conflagration. SYN. Ignition, fire, 
combustion, arson, incendiarism. 

OON < 

AWT. Extinction, smoulder, quench- 

Conflict. SYN. Encounter, engage- 
ment, contest, battle, fight, combat. 

ANT. Reconciliation, pacification, 
amity, arbitration. 

Conflicting. SYN. Adverse, opposed, 
opposing, dashing, discordant, irrec- 
oncilable, contradictory. 

ANT. Harmonizing, consistent, con- 
sentaneous, congruous. 

Confluence. SYN. Conflux, meeting, 
concourse, convergence, concurrence. 
ANT. Reflux, refluence, dispersion, 
overflow, diffluence. 

Conform. SYN. Agree, consent, har- 
monize, adapt, fit, tally, suit, obey, 
comply, unite, yield. 

ANT. Disagree, dissent, vary, disso- 
ciate, secede, misfit, di^similate, mis- 

Conformation, n, [See CONFORM 

Conformity. [See CONFORMATION], 

Confound. SYN. Confuse, disorder, 
trouble, disarrange, intermix, abash, 
astound, mystify, obscure, stupefy, 
disconcert, mix, Iblend, intermingle, 
perplex, discompose. 

ANT. Arrange, classify, order, allo- 
cate, distribute, dispense, unravel, 
enucleate, eliminate, elucidate, rally, 

Confraternity. [See COMPANY]. 

Confront. SYN. Oppose, face, en- 
counter, resist, intimidate, menace. 

ANT. Rally, encourage, abet, counte- 

Confuse. [See CONFOUND]. 

Confusion. [See ORDER]. 

Confused. SYN. Abashed, embar- 
rassed, perplexed, disconcerted, dis- 
organized, promiscuous.chaotic, com- 
plex, involved, disarranged, disor- 

ANT. Unab ashed, unembarrassed, 
systematic, unconfused, organized, ar- 

Confute. [See REFUTE]. 

Congeal. SYN. Freeze, benumb, con- 

ANT. Thaw, relax, melt, chafe, dis- 

Congenial. SYN. Natural, concord- 
ant, consonant, grateful, sympathetic, 

Ai. Unnfrnnral.ahbi 


ant, dissonant, disagreeable, ungrate 
f ul, antagonistic, alien,dissimilar, un- 

Congenital. SYN. Coeval,coetaneous. 
natural, inherent, innate, immanent, 
ingrained, incarnate, connate, iugeu- 

ANT. Unnatural, uncongenial, ac- 
quired, habitual, extraneous, artificial, 
ascititious, adventitious, assumed. 

Congestion. SYN. Congeries, accu- 
mulation, glomeration, redundancy, 

ANT. Dissipation, diffusion, clea> 
ance, evacuation, colliquatioa. 

Conglomerate. [See AGGLOMER- 

Conglutlnate. [See AGGLUTINATE]. 

Congratulate. SYN. Felicitate. 

Congregate. [See AGGREGATE]. 

Congregation. [See AGGREGATION], 

Congress. SYN. Parliament,council, 
conclave, assembly, syiiod,legislature, 
ANT. Cabal, conclave, mob. 

Congruous. SYN. Agreeing, harmo. 
uious, coherent, homogeneous, conso 
nant, accordant. 

ANT. Discordant, dissonant, inconv 
gruous, heterogeneous. 

Conjecture, v. SYN. Gues.,divination, 
hypothesis, theory, notion, surmise, 

ANT. Computation, calculation, in- 
ference, reckoning, proof, deduction. 

Conjecture, n. [See SUPPOSE]. 

Conjoin. [See CONCATENATE]. 

Conjuncture. SYN. Crisis, turning- 
point, contingency, occasion, oppor. 
tunity, exigency, emergency. 

ANT. Arrangement, provision, or, 
dainment, preparation, course. 

Conjure. SYN. Implore, importune; 
crave, entreat, beseech, supplicate. 

ANT. Deprecate, protest, remon. 
strate, expostulate. 

Connect. [See UNITE]. 

Connection. SYN. Junction, con. 
junction, union, association, concate- 
nation, relation, affinity, relevance, 
intercourse, communication, Unarm an, 
relationship, kindred. 

ANT. Disconnection, disjunction, 
dissociation, independence, irrele- 
vance, disunion. 


Connive. SYN. Wink, pretermit, pass, 

ANT. Notice, visit, censure, investi- 

Connubial. SYN. Conjugal, matri- 
monial, nuptial. 

ANT. Single, celibate, illicit, adul- 

Conquer. SYN. Subdue, vanquish, sur- 
mount, overcome, overpower, over- 
throw, defeat, crush, master, subju- 
gate, prevail over. 

ANT. Fail, fall, retreat, succumb, 
fly, submit, surrender, lose, forfeit, 
sacrifice, resign, cede. 
Conquest. [See CONQUER]. 

SYN. Victory, triumph, overthrow, 
discomfiture, subjugation. 

ANT. Failure, defeat, retreat, sur- 
render, forfeiture, submission, dis- 

Consanguinity. SYN. Kindred, 
blood, lineage. 

ANT. Disconnection, dissociation. 
Conscience. SYN. Sense, intuition, 
integrity, principle. 

ANT. Irresponsibility, license. 
Conscientious. SYN. Scrupulous, 
exact, equitable, strict, upright, high- 

ANT. Unscrupulous, lax, unprinci- 
pled, reprobate, unconscientious. 
Conscious. SYN. Aware, 'cognizant, 

ANT. Unaware, unconscious, in- 

Consciousness. SYN. Sense, sensa- 
tion, intelligence, perception. 

ANT. Insensibility, unconsciousness. 
Conscription. SYN. Impressment, 

ANT. Enlistment, volunteering. 
Consecrate. SYN. Dedicate, devote, 
enshrine, hallow, sanctify. 

ANT. Desecrate, secularize, pro- 
Consecration. [See CONSECRATE 


Consecutive. SYN. Orderly, ar- 
ranged, coherent, continuous. 

ANT. Disordered, undigested, inco- 
herent, rambling, inconsequent, in- 
consecutive, discursive. 
Consent. SYN. Submit, agree, ac- 

ANT. Eesist, disagree, dissent, de- 
Aline, refuse. 

64 COS 

Consentaneous. SYN. Agreeing, 
correspondent, consonant, congruous. 

Consequence. SYN. Effect, issue, 
result, inference, coherence, deduc- 
tion, conclusion, outcome, import- 
ance, note, moment, dignity. 

ANT. Cause, causation, antecedence, 
premise, origin, datum, postulate, 
axiom, unimportance, insignificance, 
inconsequence, inconsecutiveness, ir- 
relevance, meanness, paltriness. 

Consequent. SYN. Inferred, deduced, 
resultant, accruing, attendant. 

ANT. Assumed, conjectured, ante- 
cedent, conducive, productive, incon- 

Consequential. SYN. Coherent, con-, 
nected, cogent, logical, pompous, ar- 

ANT. Incoherent, disconnected, in. 
valid, illogical, inconsequential, af- 
fable, conversible, accessible, easy, 

Consequently. SYN. Accordingly, 
therefore. [See ACCORDING]. 
ANT. Irrelevantly, inconsequently. 

Conservation. SYN. Preservation, 
keeping, protection, guardianship, 
maintenance, stabilitation, perpetua- 

ANT. Neglect, exposure, abrogation, 
destruction, abolition. 

Conservative. SYN. Undestroyed, 
unsuppressed, stationary, unrepealed. 
ANT. Changed, new-fangled, radical, 
progressive, modifiable, alterable, 

Consider. SYN. Attend, revolve, med- 
itate, think, reflect, investigate, re- 
gard, observe, judge, opine, infer, de- 
duce, weigh, cogitate, deliberate, pon- 
der, deem. 

ANT. Disregard, ignore, pretermit, 
despise, guess, conjecture, hazard. 

Considerable. SYN. Important, 
large, extensive. 

ANT. Unimportant, trifling, incon- 

Considerate. SYN. Thoughtful, at- 
tentive, forbearing, unselfish, judi- 
cious, ser ious,pr ud ent, circumspect, r 
flective, careful, cautious. 

ANT. Thoughtless, inconsiderate 
inattentive, rude, overbearing,selflsl^ 
injudicious, rash, careless. 

CON 65 

Consideration. SYN. Importance, 
suspect, consequence, motive, induce- 
ment, compensation, subsidy, remu- 

ANT. Meanness, insignificance, un- 

Considering. SYN. Because, regard- 

ANT. Irrespectively, independently. 
Consign. [See ASSIGN]. 
Consignment. SYN. Custody, com- 
mission, delegation. 

A> L. Miscommitment, misconsign- 

Coi.slst. [See CONSTITUTE]. 
Consistence. [See CONSISTENCY]. 
Consistency. SYN. Consistence, con- 
gruity, composition, substance, mate- 
rial, amalgamation, compound, mass, 
density, solidity, closeness, compact- 
ness, coherence, uniformity,harmony, 
analogy, proportion. 

ANT. Volatility, vaporousness, sub- 
tility, tenuity, sublimation, incohe- 
rence, inconsistency, incongruity, dig- 
proportion, contrariety, contradiction. 
Consistent. SYN. Congruous, accord- 
ant, consonant, agreeing, compatible, 

ANT. Incongruous,at variance with, 
not agreeing with, incompatible, in- 
Consociation. [See ASSOCIATION 

and COMPANY]. 

"Console. SYN. Relieve, soothe, solace, 
encourage, comfort, assuage. 

ANT. Congratulate, felicitate, aggra- 
vate, oppress, disturb, trouble, annoy, 
irritate, irreconcile, dissatisfy. 
Consolidate. SYN. Condense, incor- 
porate, conglutinate, cement, solder, 
bond, weld, thicken, strengthen, fuse. 
ANT. Weaken, dissipate, disunite, 
dismember, disintegrate, colliquate, 
dissolve, melt, vaporize, sublimate,at- 
tenuate, triturate, lulverize. 
Consonant. [See CONGRUOUS and 


Consort, r. SYN. Associate, herd, com- 
pany, fraternize. 

ANT. Avoid, abandon, excommuni- 
cate, black-ball, banish, exclude. 
Conspicuous. SYN. Visible, easily 
seen, prominent, distinguished, mani- 
fest, eminent, famous, noted, salient, 
observable, noticeable, magnified. 


ANT. Invisible, Inconspicuous, In. 
observable, noticeable, microscopic. 

Conspiracy. SYN. Intrigue, cabal, 
plot, treason, treachery, machination, 

ANT. Legislation, parliament, con- 
gress, synod. Comp. Conclave and ca- 

Conspire. SYN. Concur, conduce, con. 
tribute, agree, unite, hang, pull to- 
gether, co-operate, league, baud. 

ANT. Oppose, counteract, withstand, 
run counter to. 

Constant. SYN. Uniform, regular, in- 
variable, perpetual, continuous, firm, 
fixed, steady, immutable.faithf ul,truo, 

ANT. Irregular, exceptional, vari- 
able, casual, accidental, incidental, 
broken, interrupted, inconstant, fickle, 
untrustworthy, faithless, treacherous, 

Consternation. SYN. Amazement, 
bewilderment, astonishment, astound- 
ing, horror, terror, dismay. 

ANT. Encouragement, boldness, 
fearlessness, assurance, anticipation, 
welcome, expectation, greeting, con- 

Constituent. SYN. Voter, returner, 
sender, deputer, appointer, patron, 
ingredient, element, component. 

ANT. Representative, nominee, com- 
mittee, constitution, system, whole. 

Constitute. SYN. Form, make, com- 
pose, appoint, depute, organize, insti- 

ANT. Dissolve, destroy, discompose, 
decompose, disorganize, abrogate, an- 
nul, unmake. 

Constitution. SYN. Temperament, 
frame, temper, character, habit, na- 
ture, government, polity, state, con- 
sistence, composition, substance, or- 
ganization, structure, regulation, law. 
ANT. Accident, habituation, modifi- 
cation, Interference, anarchy, despot- 
ism, tyranny, rebellion, revolution, 
dissipation, disorganization, demoli- 
tion, destruction. 

Constitutional. SYN. Fundamental, 
legal, lawful, legitimate, natural. 

ANT. Unconstitutional, illegal, Ille- 
gitimate, unnatural, unchanged. 

Constrain. [See COERCE]. 

Construct. SYN. Compose, build, fab- 
ricate, form, erect, invent, frame. 


ANT. Derange, destroy, demolish, 

Construction. SYN. Composition, 
fabrication, explanation, rendering, 
erection, fabric, edifice, reading, un- 
derstanding, interpretation, view. 

ANT. Dislocation, dismemberment, 
demolition, displacement, misplace- 
ment, misconstruction, misunder- 
standing, miscoDception, misinterpre- 

Construe. SYN. Parse, resolve, ana- 
lyze, interpret, understand, render. 

ANT. Nullify, neutralize, mystify, 
aistort, falsify, misconstrue, misinter- 
pret, misconceive, mistranslate. 

Consult. SYN. Interrogate, canvass, 
question, deliberate, confer, advise 
with, regard, consider, ask advice of, 
care for, promote. 

ANT. Resolve, explain, expound, di- 
rect, instruct, dictate, counteract, con- 

Consume. SYN. Use, appropriate, 
burn, oat up, devour, spend,squander, 
assimilate, occupy, absorb, employ, 
utilize, waste, destroy, spoil, ravage, 
expend, pine, wither, decay. 

ANT. Reject, supersede, disuse, dis- 

Consummate, v. SYN. Complete, 
perfect, execute, finish, accomplish, 
conclude, seal, end. 

ANT. Neglect, drop, interrupt, nul- 
lify, undo, baffle, frustrate, mar, de- 
feat, spoil. 

Consummate, a. SYN. Perfect, 
egregious, excellent, complete, fin- 

ANT. Imperfect, rude, common, me- 
diocre, faulty, defective, ordinary. 

Consummation. [See CONSUM- 

Consumption. SYN. Decline, de- 
cay, expenditure, waste, decrement, 
lessening, decrease. 

ANT. Growth, development, en- 
largement, augmentation. 

Contact. SYN. Touch, contiguity, 
continuity, apposition, adjunction. 

AST. Proximity, adjacence, inter- 
ruption, disconnection, separation, 
distance, isolation, non-contact. 

Contagious. SYN. Catching, epidem- 
ic, infectious, pestilential, commu- 
nicated, transferred, transmitted, in- 

5 COX 

ANT. Sporadic, endemic, prevent- 
ive, antipathetic. 

Contain. SYN. Hold, include, com- 
prise, embrace, comprehend, inclose. 
ANT. Drop, exclude, extrude, emit, 
discharge, afford, yield, produce. 

Contaminate. SYN. Defile, taint, 
corrupt, sully, befoul, soi' . 

ANT. Purify, cleanse, lave, clarify, 
sanctify, chasteu. 

Contemn. SYN. Despise, disdain, de- 
ride, vilify, slight, disregard, scorn. 

ANT. Respect, revere, venerate, re- 

Contemplate. SYN. Meditate, be- 
hold, observe, ponder, study, purpose, 
design, intend, project. 

ANT. Ignore, overlook, waive, aban- 

Contemporary. [See COETANE- 

Contempt. [See CONTEMN]. 

Contemptible. SYN. Despicable^ 
mean, vile, pitiful, disreputable, pal- 
try, trifling, trivial. 

ANT. Important, grave, weighty, 
honorable, respectable, venerable. 

Contemptuous. [See SUPERCILI- 

Contend. SYN. Strive, compete, 
cope, dispute, vie, contest, struggle, 
grapple, argue, maintain, disagree, 

ANT. Resign, concede, allow, relin- 
quish, forego, surrender, waive. 

Content. SYN. Full, satisfied, pleased, 
gratified, contented, willing, resigned. 
ANT. Unsatisfied, dissatisfied, un- 
willing, reluctant, discontented. 

Contented. [See CONTENT]. 

Contention. [See STRIFE]. 

Contentious. [See CONTEND and 
QUARRELSOME], SYN. Litigious, per- 
verse, wayward, splenetic, cantanker- 
ous, exceptions. 

ANT. Pacific, obliging, considerate, 
obsequious, accommodating, easy. 

Conterminous. SYN. Commensu- 
rate, adjoining, contiguous, abutting. 
ANT. Unequal, inconformable, ad- 
jacent, proximate, remote, inconter- 

Contest, v. [See CONTEND]. 

Contest, n. [See CONTENTION]. 

<' ntext. SYN. Tenor, treatment, tex> 
ture. composition, matter. 

CON 67 

ANT. Text, quotation, citation, pas- 
sage, extract. 

Contexture. [See TEXTURE]. 
Contiguous. [See CONTAGIOUS, 

Continence. STN. Abstinence, self- 
control, refrain, (n). Chastity, sobri- 
ety, temperance. 

ANT. Licentiousness, self-indulg- 
ence, incontinence, dissoluteness, in- 

Contingency. [See ACCIDENT]. 
Contingent, a. STN. Dependent, in- 
cidental, resultant, co-emcieiit, hy- 
pothetical, uncertain, conditional. 

ANT. Positive, absolute, independ- 
ent, unmodified, unaffected, uncon- 
trolled, irrespective. 
Contingent, n. SYN. Contribu- 
tion, subsidy, supply, succor, rein- 
forcement, auxiliaries, donation, sub- 

ANT. Army, sum, host, campaign, 
fund, capital. 
Continual. [See CONSTANT and 


Continually. STN. Constantly, per- 
sistently, always, ever, perpetually, 
unceasingly, repeatedly, frequently, 

ANT. Casually, occasionally, contin- 
gently, sometimes, rarely, fitfully, in- 

Continuation. STN. Sequence, con- 
tinuance, continuity, duration, suc- 
cession, connection, extension, pro- 
longation, perpetuation, concatena- 

ANT. Interruption, cessation, dis- 
continuance, break, gap. 
Continue. STN. Last, persist, en- 
dure, remain, abide, stay, persevere, 

ANT. Cease, fail, stop, pause, break, 

Continuity. [See CONTINUATION]. 
Contortion. STN. Twisting, writh- 
ing, wresting, distortion, deformity, 

ANT. Symmetry, uniformity, shape- 
liness, configuration, contour. 
Contour. [See CONFIGURATION]. 
Contraband. STN. Illicit, inter- 
dicted, smuggled. 

ANT. Licit, uninterdtated, free. 
Contract, v. STN. Abridge, abbrevi- 
ate, narrow, lessen, reduce, compress, 


decrease, retrench, curtail, form, 

ANT. Expand, amplify, dilate, elon- 
gate, reverse, cancel, abandon. t 

Contract, n. STN. Covenant, 'agree- 
ment, compact, bond, pact,stipulation, 
ANT. Promise, assurance, parole. 

Contradict. STN. Oppose, dissent, 
negative, controvert, deny, disprove, 
confute, refute, gainsay, contravene. 
ANT. State, propound, maintain, 
argue, confirm, affirm, endorse. 

Contradiction. STN. Repugnance, 
contrariety, inconsistency, incompati- 

ANT. Harmony, coincidence, con- 
currence, alh'rmatiou, proof, state- 

Contraposition. STN. Oppositeness, 
confrontment, facing. 
ANt. Side, flank, collateralness. 

Contrarious. [See CONTENTIOUS], 

Contrary. STN. Opposed, opposite, 
repugnant, antagonistic, adverse, in- 
compatible, inconsistent. 

ANT. Agreeing, consentaneous,com- 
patible, kindred, coincident, consist- 

Contrast. STW. Opposition, contra- 
riety, dissimilarity. 

ANT. Harmony, similarity, compari- 
son, similitude. 

Contribute. STN. Conduce, add, sub- 
scribe, give, co-operate, assist, tend, 

ANT. Refuse, withhold, misconduce, 
misapply, contravene. 

Contribution. STN. Donation, obla- 
tion, offering, gift, subscription, sub- 
sidy, aid, assistance. 

ANT. Withholding, retention, disal- 
lowance, misappropriation, misappli- 
cation, contraventioQ. 

Contrition. [See ATTRITION]. 

Contrivance. [See CONTRIVE and 

Contrive. STN. Plan, design, arrange, 
fabricate, adapt, manage, scheme, de- 
vise, concert, adjust. 

ANT. Hit, hazard, run, chance, ven- 
ture, bungle, over-vault, over-do. 

Contriving. [See CONTRIVE]. 

Control, v. STN. Chec-, curb, mode- 
rate, repress, guide,regulate,restrain, 
coerce, manage, administer, govern. 
ANT. Neglect, abandon, license, 




Hberate,free, mismanage, misconduct. 

Control, n. [See VEKB and COMPUL- 

Controversy. SYN. Dispute, dis- 
agreement, quarrel, strife, alterca- 
tion, contention, disputation, wrangle, 
bickering, question. 

ANT. Agreement, unanimity, coin- 

Coiitrovertlble. SYN. Questionable, 

ANT. Unquestionable, incontrovert- 

Contumacy. SYN. Rebelliousness, 
stubbornness, restiveness, wayward- 
ness, self-will, untractableness. 

ANT. Submissiveness, docility, tract- 
ableness, servility, cringing, fawning, 

Contumely. SYN. Contemptuous- 
ness, scornfulness, arrogance, disre- 
spect, obloquy. 

ANT. Respect, regard, obligingness, 
accommodation, considerateness, flat- 
tery, adulation, obsequiousness, fawn- 

Contusion. SYN. Bruise, knock, 

ANT. Soothing, smoothing, stroking, 
caress, pat. 

Convene. SYN. Assemble, collect, 
gather, meet, congregate, call togeth- 
er, summon, muster, levy, convoke. 
ANT. Disperse, dismiss, disband. 

Convenient. SYN. Handy, apt, 
adapted, fitted, suitable, helpful, com- 
modious, useful, timely, seasonable, 

ANT. Inconvenient, awkward, ob- 
structive, useless, superfluous, unsea- 
sonable, untimely, inopportune. 

Convention. SYN. Assemblage. meet- 
ing, gatheriug, conference, cabinet, 
convocation, congress, session, synod, 

. treaty, compact. 

ANT. Recess, non -convention, disso- 
lution, prorogation, promise, under- 
standing, word, parole. 

Conventional. SYN. Customary, 
usual, ordinary, stipulated, preva- 
lent, social, 

ANT. Unusual, unsocial, legal, com- 
pulsory, s tutu table, immutable, nat- 
ural, invariable. 

Conventual. SYN. .Cosnobitual, reg- 
ular, monastic. 
ANT. Social, secular, laic. 

Converge. SYN. Tend, bear, incline, 
lead, coincide, conduce, contribute, 
meet, concentrate, corradiate. 

ANT. Diverge, deviate, radiate, mix, 
foul, enter gle. 

Conversant. SYN. Familiar, ae. 
quainted, proficient, experienced, 
versed, learned. 

ANT. Unfamiliar, unacquainted, ig- 
norant, unversed, unlearned, strange, 

Conversation. SYN. Converse, dia- 
logue, talk, conference, colloquy, con- 
fabulation, chat. 

ANT. Speech, oration, harangue, 
babel, jabber, babble, prattle, dribble, 
mutter, soliloquy, apostrophe, mono- 
logue, interpellation, interruption, 
silence, taciturnity, 

Converse, v. SYN. Talk, discourse, 
speak, chat. 
ANT. Keep silent. 

Converse, a. SYN. Opposite, reverse, 
contrary, opposed, contradictory, 
counter, relative, correlative. 

ANT. Identical, same, one, insepa- 
rable, ir distinguishable, connate, uni- 
form, direct, primary, uninverted. 

Conversion. SYN. Change, altera- 
tion, transmutation, transformation, 

ANT. Persistence, permanence, con- 
servation, retention, identity. 

Convert, v. SYN. Change, alter, 
transmute, transform, apply, appro* 
priate, turn. 

ANX, Conserve, perpetuate, stabil- 
itate, stereotype, clinch, alienate, 
divert, misappropriate, misapply. 

Convertible. SYN. Identical, com 
mensurate, conterminous, equivalent, 

ANT. Variant, incommensurate, un- 
equ'valent, contrary, contradictory, 

Convey. SYN. Take, carry, transfer, 
relegate, bear, transmit, consign, 
transport, remove. 

ANT. Bring, adduce, fetch, drop, 
house, stow, deposit. 

Conveyance. [See CONVEY]. 

Convict. SYN. Sentence, condemn. 
ANT. Acquit, discharge. 

Conviction. SYN. Assurance persua- 
sion, belief. 
ANT. Doubt, rf*" giving, disbelief. 


Convince. SYN. Persuade, enlighten, 
inoculate, indoctrinate. 

ANT. Misguide, mislead, misadvise, 
mystify, puzzle, perplex, mispersuade, 

Convivial. SYN. Hospitable, social, 
festive, gay, festal, jovial, jolly. 

ANT. Inhospitable, unsociable, un- 
neighborly, churlish, abstemious, aus- 
tere, ascetic. 

Convocate. [See CONVENE]. 

Convocation. [See CONVENTION]. 

Convoke. [See CONVENE]. 

Convolution. SYN. Coil, involution, 
implication, spiral, twist, contortion. 
ANT. Unravelling, explication, evolu- 
tion, enucleation. 

Convoy. SYN. Escort, guard, protec- 
tion, conduct. 

ANT. Loss, betrayal, capture, inter- 

Convulse. SYN. Agitate, shake, per- 
turb, disturb. 

ANT. Soothe, collocate, compose, as- 

Cool. v. SYN. Ventilate, refrigerate, al- 
lay, damp, temper, moderate. 

ANT. Warm, heat, chafe, irritate, 
excite, inflame. 

Cool. a. SYN. Cold, frigid, unim- 
passioned, calm, indifferent, self-pos- 
sessed, deliberate, dispassioned, col- 
lected, apathetic, composed. 
ANT. Warm, hot, ardent, eager. 

Coolness. SYN. Coldness, indiffer- 
ence, self-possession, distance, calm- 

ANT. Heat, ardor, eagerness, pas- 
sion, excitement, warmth, heartiness. 

Coop. [See CONFINE], 

Co-operate. SYN. Assist, abet, 
contribute, concur, work together, 
help, conspire. 

ANT. Thwart, oppose, counteract, 

Co-operation. [See CO-OPERATE 
and UNION]. 

Co-ordinate. SYN. Consociate, co- 
incident, equal, coequal, equivalent, 
tantamount, equipollent, interequiv- 

ANT. Extraneous, diverse, alien, 
unequal, unequivalent, in co-ordinate, 

Copartner. [See PARTNER]. 

Cope. SYN. Contend, vie, struggle, 
compete, strive. 


ANT. Negotiate, arbitrate, compro. 
mise, surrender. 
Copious. [See ABUNDANT]. 
Copy. n. SYN. Imitation, portraiture, 
fac-simile, counterfeit, duplicate, im- 
age, likeness, transcript. 

ANT. Original, prototype, model, 
example, pattern. 

Cordial. SYN. Warm, earnest, pin- 
cere, reviving, invigorating, affection- 
ate, hearty. 

ANT. Cold, distant, formal, cere- 

Core. SYN. Heart, kernel, nucleus, 

ANT. Face, exterior, aspect, appear- 
ance, complexion, ostensibility, pre- 

Corner. SYN. Cavity, hole, nook, re- 
cess, retreat. 

ANT. Coin, abutment, prominence, 
salience, angle, protrusion, elbow, 
protection, convexity. 
Cornice. SYN. Beading, moulding, 

ANT. Entablature, fluting, corruga- 
tion, cavity, groove. 
Corollary. SYN. Inference,deduction, 
additament, superadditior. 

ANT. Problem, proposilion. 
Corporal. SYN.Bodily. fleshly, physi- 
cal, material, corporeal. 

ANT. Mental, moral, spiritual. 
Corps. SYN. Body, regiment, band, 
spuadron, troop, compai y. 

ANT. Aggregate, army, host, force, 
mass, organization. 

Corpse. SYN. Carcass, remains, dust, 

ANT. Soul, person, individual. 
Corpulent. SYN. Stout, burly, fat, 
portly, gross, lusty, plethoric, fleshy. 
ANT. Lean, thin, attenuated, slight, 

Corpuscle. SYN. Atom, particle, 
monad, jot,molecule. 

ANT. mass, body, aggregate, or- 
ganization, matter. 
Corpuscular. [SEE CORPUSCLE]. 
Corradlate. SEE [CONVERGE]. 
Correct, adj. SYN. True, exact,fault- 
less, accurate, proper, decorous, right. 
ANT. False, untrue, incorrect, 
faulty, wrong. 

Correct, v. SYN. Chasten, punish, 
rectify, amend, reform, emend, re- 
dress, set right, improve. 


ANT. Spare, falsify, corrupt. 

Correctloiie SYN. Ainendment. dis- 
cipline, emendation, chastisement, 

ANT. Deterioration, debasement, 
retrogradation, reward, recompense. 

Corrective. SYN. Regulative, al- 
terative, preventative, restorative. 

ANT. Confirmative, conducive, pro- 
vocative, stimulative, intensitive. 

Correlation. SYN. correspondence, 
interrelation, interdependence, mu- 
tuality, apposition. 

ANT. Contradiction, independence, 

Correlative. [SEE COBBEIATION]. 

Correspond. SYN. Match, tally, 
fit, answer, agree, suit, harmonize. 

ANT. Vary, differ, disagree, jar, 

Correspondence. SYN. Fitness, 
agreement, adaptation, congruity. 
answerableness, match, congeniality, 
communication, letter, writing, des- 

ANT. Conversation, tolloquy, con- 
fabulation, reservation, withdrawal, 
withholding, non-intercourse, differ- 
ence, repugnance. 

Correspondent, a. [SEE SUITABLE]. 

Corrigible. SYN. Amenable, docile, 

ANT. Intractable, stubborn, incor- 

Corroborate. SYN. Strengthen, con- 
firm, fortify, support. 

ANT. Weaken, invalidate, shake, 
confute, rebut, enfeeble. 

Corrpboratioii. SYN. Confirmation, 
fortification, strengthening. 

ANT. Counterevidence, contradic- 
tion, irvalidation, shaking.refutation. 

Corrode. SYN. Eat, rust, gnaw, 
canker, wear, crumble. 

ANT. Repair, renew, furbish, con- 

Corrosion. [ See COBBODW and BUST]. 

Corrosive. [See CORRODE]. 

Corrugate. SYN. Furrow, groove, 
rumple, crumple, wrinkle, ruffle, 
ANT. Plane, flatten, roll. 

Corrugation. [See COBBUGATE]. 

Corrupt, v. SYN. Spoil, deteriorate, 
impair, putrefy, vitiate, demoralize, 
debase, defile, contaminate, pollute, 


ANT. Mend, repair, purify, cleanse 
correct, ameliorate, better. 
Corrupt, a. SYN. Defiled, polluted^ 
vitiated, decayed, depraved, putrid, 
rotten, infected, tainted, profligate, 

ANT. Pure, uncorrupt, undented. 
Corruption. SYN. Decomposition, 
decay, putrescence, adulteration, dev. 
pravity, rottenness, defilement, de 
terioration, perversion, debasement, 
taint, contamination, putrefaction. 

ANT. Vitality, organization, purity, 
purification, amelioration. 
Coruscate. SYN. Blaze, flame, flash, 
scintillate, glisten. 

ANT. Pale, smoulder, darken, loom, 
lower, glimmer, gleam, glare, beam, 

Coruscation. [See CORUSCATE]. 
Cosmlcal. SYN. Universal, general. 
ANT. Local, topical, national, per x 

Cost.u. SYN. Requlre.consume, absorb. 
ANT. Bring, produce, yield, afford, 
fetch, return. 

Cost. n. SYN. Expenditure, outlay, 
disbursement, payment, compensa- 
tion, price, worth, expense, charge, 

ANT. Receipt, income, emolument, 
return, profit, perquisite, revenue. 
Costly. SYN. Valuable, expensive, 
high-priced, rich, precious, sumptu- 

ANT. Valueless, cheap, low-priced, 
mean, worthless, beggarly, paltry. 
Costume. SYN. Uniform, livery, 

ANT. Disguise, transformation, in- 
Cosy. SYN. Snug, comfortable, chatty 

ANT. Bare, comfortless, cross. 
< 'otemporary. [See COETANEOUS]. 
Council. . SYN. Cabinet, bureau, 
chamber, consultation, conclave, par- 
liament, congress, synod, company, 
assemby. meeting, conference, con- 
vention, convocation. 

ANT. League, conspiracy, cabal, in- 
trigue, mob, multitude, crowd. 
Counsel, n. SYN. Advice, instruction, 
monition, admonition, warning, rec- 

ANT. Misguidance, misinstructiou, 

COU 71 

Connsel. v. SYN. Advise, instruct, 
warn, guide, admonish. 

ANT. Misguide, misinstruct, be- 

Counselor* {See COUNSEL]. 
Count. SYN. Compute, reckon, enu- 
merate, estimate, number, sum, cal- 

ANT. Hazard, conjecture, guess, 
lump, confound. 

Countenance, v. SYN. Help, aid, 
abet, favor, sanction, patronize, sup- 
port, encourage. 

ANT. Oppose, confront, discourage, 
discountenance, browbeat. 
Countenance, n. SYN. Aid, abet, en- 
courage, support. 

ANT. Discountenance. 
Counter. SYN. Opposed, contrary, 

ANT. According, coincident. 
Counteract. SYN. Counterinfluence, 
counterfoil, foil, baffle, neutralize, op- 
pose, rival, thwart, hinder. 

ANT. Aid, help, abet, promote, con- 
serve, co-operate, subserve. 
Countereyidence. SYN. Contradic- 
tion, confliction. 

ANT. Corroboration, confirmation. 
Counterfeit, v. SYN. Simulate, mis- 
represent, impersonate. 

ANT. Expose, unmask, detect. 
Counterfeit, n. SYN. Cheat, trick, 
juggle, fraud, artifice, fabrication, pre- 
tense, ruse, sham. 

ANT. Exposure, detection, unmask- 
ing, unveiling, reality, verity, fact, 

Counterfeit, a. [See FALSE]. 
Counterfoil. [See BAFFLE]. 
Countermand. [See COMMAND]. 
Counterpart. SYN. Match, fellow, 
tally, brother, twin, copy. 

ANT. Correlative, complement, sup- 
plement, opponent, counter-agent,re- 
verse, obverse, opposite, antithesis, 
contrast, contradiction. 
Counterpoise, v. SYN. Balance, 

ANT. Over-balance, aggravate. 
Counterpoise, n. SYN. Makeweight, 

ANT. Preponderance. 
Counterpressure. SYN. Resistance, 
etubborness, renitency. 
ANT. Yielding, giving, resilience. 


Countervail. SYN. Counteract, o^. 
pose, withstand. 
ANT. Aggravate, intensify.subserve. 

Countless, a. SYN. Innumerable, 
numberless, unnumbered. 
ANT. Few, scant, sparse. 

Countryman. SYN. Rustic, clown, 
boor, compatriot, swain, yeoman, bus. 
bandman, farmer, agriculturist, la- 
borer, peasant, fellow-countryman, 
fellow-subject, fellow-citizen, subject, 
citizen, inhabitant, native. 

ANT. Oppidan, townsman, cockney, 
foreigner, alien, stranger. 

Couple, v. Bracket, link, conjoin, 
unite, splice, buckle, button, clasp, 
pair, yoke, connect, tie, brace. 

ANT. Loose, part, isolate, separate, 
detach, divorce, uncouple, unclasp, 

Courage. SYN. Bravery, boldness, 
valor, pluck, fortitude, resolution, 
gallantry, fearlessness, intrepidity. 

ANT. Timidity, cowardice, pusilla- 
nimity, poltroonery, dastardliness. 

Course. SYN. Order, sequence, con- 
tinuity, direction, progress, line, way, 
mode, race, career, road, route, series, 
passage, succession, round, manner, 
plan, conduct, method. 

ANT. Disorder, discursion, solu- 
tion, interruption, deviation, hin- 
drance, error, conjecture, hazard, 
speculation, caprice. 

Court, v. SYN. Woo, seek, affect, 
flatter, pursue. 

ANT. Repel, abjure, disaffect, in- 
sult, avoid, hnn, repudiate. 

Courteous. [See POLITE]. 

Courtesy. SYN. Politeness, urban- 
ity, civility, affability, graciousness. 

ANT. Churlishness, rudeness, arro- 
gance, ungraciousness, incivility. 

Courtly. SYN. Dignified, polished, 
refined, aristocratic, high-bred, man- 

ANT. Undignified, rough, unpolish- 
ed, coarse, unrefined, plebeian, awk- 
ward, boorish, rustic, unmannerly. 

Covenant, n. SYN. Agreement, 
bond, stipulation, compact, contract, 
league, bargain. 

ANT. Promise, intimation, assur- 
ance, parole, understanding. 

Cover, v. SYN. Hide, conceal, cloak, 
screen, secrete, protect, meet, secure, 
overspread, clothe, shield, shelter. 


ANT. Expose, reveal, betray, ex- 
hibit, produce, mis-suffice. 
Covert, a. [See COVEB and SECRET]. 
Coverture. SYS. Marriage, matri- 
mony, wedlock. 

ANT. Celibacy, virginity. 
Covet. STN. Long for, wish for, 
yearn for, hanker after, desire. 

ANT. Despise, dislike, undervalue, 

Covetous. STN. Acquisitive, avari- 
cious, greedy, grasping, rapacious. 

ANT. Unselfish, liberal, self-sacri- 
ficing, profuse, bountiful, charitable. 
Covetousness. [See COVETOUS and 


Cow. v. STN. Frighten, abash, in- 
timidate, oppress, browbent. 

ANT. Countenance, rally, encour- 
age, inspirit. 

Coward. STN. Craven, dastard, re- 
creant, poltroon, renegade. 

ANT. Champion, hero, daredevil, 

Cowardly. [See TIMID]. 
Cower. STN. Shrink, stoop, crouch. 
ANT. Rise, stand, dare, face, con- 

Coxcomb. STN. Fop, dandy, puppy, 
prig, pedant. 

ANT. Genius, savant, authority, 
celebrity, philosopher, sage. 
Coxcombical. STN. Vain, affect- 
ed, conceited, dandified, p dantic, 

ANT. Unaffected.unconceited, sensi- 

Coy. STN. Shy, reserved, bashful, 
shrinking, retreating, modest. 

ANT. Bold, forward, rompish, hoy- 

Cozen. STN. Circumvent, wheedle, 
swindle, gull, cheat, dupe, overreach, 
coax, seduce, deceive. 

ANT. Enlighten, undeceive, dis- 

Crabbed. STN. Sour, morose, cross- 
grained, petulant, churlish, irritable, 

ANT. Pleasant, open, easy, genial, 
conversable, warm, cordial, hear^. 
Crack, t. STN. Split, break, splinter, 
chip, snap. 

ANT. Mend, repair, unite, piece, 
Cracked. STN. Crazy, flighty, queer, 

72 CKB 

deranged, creaky, touched, cranky, 

ANT. Sound, sensible,clear-headed, 
shrewd, strong-minded, sane. 

Craft. STN. Art. artifice, cunning, 
guile, stratagem, maneuvre, wiliness, 
trickery, duplicity, chicanery, in- 
trigue, underhandedness, dodge. 

ANT. Openness, fairness, candor, 
honesty, frankness, sincerity, artless- 
ness, ingenuousness, str aightf or ward- 

Crafty. [See CKAFT and SL.T]. 

Cram. STN. Stuff, choke, squeeze, 
ram, pack, gorge. 

ANT. Disgorge, vent, discharge, 
unload, unpack, eviscerate, empty, 

Cramp, t'. STN. Bind, narrow, re- 
strict, confine, clog, hamper, fetter, 

ANT. Free, liberate, loose, relieve. 
extricate,enlarge, widen, expand,ease, 

Cranky. STN. Crotchety, queer. 

Crapulence. STN. Surfeit, head- 
ache, dissipation, debauchery, excess, 

ANT. Temperance, sobriety, clear- 
ness, freshness. 

Crash, n. STN. Jar, clang, clash, res- 

ANT. Murmur, whisper, babble, 
rumbling, reverberation, din. 

Crassitude. STN. Density, thick- 
ness, corpulence, obesity, burliness, 
brawniness, animalism, pinguitude, 
lumpish uess, besottedness. 

ANT. Tenuity, spareness, slight- 
ness, agility, activity, spirituality, in- 

Crave. STN. Intreat, implore, beg, 
ask, beseech, supplicate, cry. 

ANT. Demand, insist, require, 

Craven. [See COWARD]. 

Crazy. STN. Idiotic, broken-down, 
mad, crazed, crack-brained, lunatic, 
demented, daft, insane, aberrant. 

ANT. Sound, robust, vigorous, un- 

Cream. STN. Marrow. pitb,gist,acme. 
ANT. Refuse, offal, dregs, dross, 

Crease. [See CORRUGATE]. 

Create. STN. Form, produce, make, 


compose, constitute, beget, engender, 
generate, fashion, originate, educe, 
invent, imagine, cause. 

ANT. Annihilate, destroy, demolish. 
Creature. SYN. Being, animal, thing, 
body, brute. 

ANT. Chimera, ghost, bugbear. 
Credence. SYN. Belief, faith, trust, 
credit, confidence. 

ANT. Disbelief, distrust, denial. 
Credential, or Credentials. 
SYN. Missive, diploma, title, testa- 
ment, seal, warrant, letter, vouchers, 
certificates, testimonials. 

ANT. Self-license, Belt-constitution, 
self-appointment, autocracy. 
Credible. SYN. Probable, likely, 

ANT. Improbable, incredible, un- 
likely, untrustworthy, 
Credit, n. SYN. Belief, trustworthi- 
ness, reputation, security, honor, 
praise, merit, confidence, faith. 

ANT. Disbelief, distrust, untrust- 
worthiness, shame, insecurity, dis- 
grace, censure. 

Creditor. SYN. Claimant, lender, 

ANT. Debtor, borrower, mortgagor. 
Credulity. SYN. Gullibility, eimplic- 
ANT. Incredulity , scepticism, suspi- 
ciousness, shrewdness. 
Creed. SYN. Belief, catechism, articles, 
confession, subscription. 

ANT. Protest, abjuration, recanta- 
tion, retractation, disbelief, non- 

Crest. SYN. Top, summit, apex, bead, 

ANT. Base, foot, bottom, sole. 
Crestfallen. SYN. Castdown, humil- 
iated, abashed. 

ANT. Inspirited, elated, confident. 
Crew. SYN. Complement, company, 
gang, herd, set, miscellany, horde, 
swarm, band. 

ANT. Supercargo, bevy, galaxy, con- 
stellation, picking, cream, elite. 
Crime. SYN. Offense, misdeed, wrong, 
misdemeanor, felony, enormity. 

ANT. Good deed, well-doing, duty, 
obligation, exploit, achievement. 
Criminal. SYN. Illegal, felonious, 
vicious, culpable, wrong, iniqu'tous, 
sinful, immoral, guilty, nefarious, 

73 CRO 

ANT. Lawful, virtuous, right, jurt 
innocent, moral, meritorious, credit- 
able, honorable, praiseworthy, laud- 
Criminality. [See CRIMINAL and 


Criminate. SYN. Charge, implicate, 
accuse, impeach, arraign. 

ANT. Acquit, extricate, absolve. 
Crimp, v. [See CORRUGATE]. 
Crimp, a. SYN. Brittle, friable, crisp. 
ANT. Tough, stubborn, viscous, 
pasty, lentous. 

Crlmple. [See CRUMPLE]. 
Cringe. SYN. Crouch, bend, bow, 
fawn, grabble, grub. 

ANT. Face, confront, defy, dare. 
Crinkle. [See CBIMPLE]. 
Cripple. SYN. Weaken, impair, cur- 
tail, cramp, disable. 

ANT. Strengthen, renovate, aug- 
ment, liberate, free, ease, enlarge, ex- 

Criterion. SYN. Test, touchstone, 
proof, standard, measure. 

ANT. Eye, glance, intention, con- 
jecture, scan. 

Critic. SYN. Judge, censor, arbiter, 

ANT. Author, writer, performer, ar- 

Critical. SYN. Nice, delicate, axact, 
fastidious, discriminating.censorious, 
accurate, dubious, precarious. ticklish, 
crucial, important, momentous, haz- 

ANT. Inexact, popular, loose, easy, 
undiscriminating, safe, determined, 
decided, settled, retrieved, redressed. 
Criticise. SYN. Examine, scan, per- 
pend, analyze, discuss, anatomize, ani- 

ANT. Slur, survey, overlook, skim. 
Criticism. SYN. Stricture, censure, 

ANT. Approval, praise. [See 

Croak. SYN. Complain, murmur, 

ANT. Crow, whistle, sing, chirp 
chuckle, cackle, rejoice. 
Crone. SYN. Hag, witch, beldame. 

ANT. Lass, damsel, maiden, belle. 
Crony. SYN. Ally, chum, mate. 
ANT. Foe, rival, back-frierd. 
Crooked. SYN. Bent, incurved, angu- 
lar, deformed, bowed, disfigured, 

CEO 74 

turned, curved, awry, anfractuous, 
tortuous, underhanded. 

ANT. Straight, linear, direct, hon- 
est, straightforward. 
Crop. v. SYN. Mew, reap, reduce, 
shave, shorten, curtail. 

ANT. Elongate, grow, foster, raise, 
trail, train. 

Crop. n. SYN. Reaping, harvest, in- 

ANT. Produce, yield, abundance, 
growth, fruit. 

Cross. SYN. Ill-tempered, fretful, ill- 
humored, crusty, peevish, pettish, 
snarling, snappish, spleeny, splenetic, 
petulant, fractious. 

ANT. Amiable, good-tempered, good- 
humored, blithesome, genial. 
Cross-grained. SYN. Perverse, way- 
ward, peevish, morose, cantankerous, 

ANT. Genial, pleasant, agreeable, 
jolly, obliging, accommodating. 
Crotchety. [See CAPRICIOUS]. 
Crouch. [See CRINGE and COWER], 
Crow. v. To make a noise like a cock. 
Used metaphorically. 

SYN. Exult, rejoice, cackle, chuckle, 

ANT. Whine, howl, grumble, croak, 
cry, whimper. 

Crowd. SYN. Throng, mob, swarm, 
pack, herd. 

ANT. Cream, elite, bevy, galaxy, 
constellation, cabinet. 
Crown, n. SYN. Top, crest, summit, 
head, brow, apex. 

ANT. Basement, base, bottom, floor, 
pavement, pedestal, foundation, foot, 

Crown. . SYN. Complete, consum- 
mate, seal, conclude. 

ANT. Mar, spoil, frustrate. 
Crucial. SYN. Searching, probing, 
severe, discriminating, sharp, critical, 

ANT. Superficial, indifferent, mild, 
uncritical, lenient, lax. 
Crude. SYN. Raw, undigested, nn- 
considered, half-studied, harsh, un- 
ehaped, unchastened, unfinished, un- 
refined, ill-prepared. 

ANT. Well-prepared, well-digested, 
well-considered, well-studied, ripe, 
well-adapted, well-proportioned, well- 
expressed, classical, finished, refined, 
artistic, elaborate, highly-wrought. 


Cruel. SYN. Savage, barbarous, piti. 
less, inexorable, unrelenting, ruthless, 
truculent, hard-hearted, harsh, un- 
merciful, brutal, inhuman, maleficent, 

ANT. Humane, forbearing,generous, 
merciful, forgiving, benevolent,benef- 

Crumble. SYN. Disintegrate, pulver- 
ize, triturate. 

ANT. Consolidate,conglutinate,bond, 

Crumple. [See CBINKLE and CORRU- 

Crusli. v. SYN. Pulverize, triturate, 
pound, bray, crumble, overpower, de- 

ANT. Consolidate, compact, cake, 
solidify, compress, amalgamate, up- 
raise, stabilitate, aggrandize. 
Crusty. [See CROSS]. 
Cudgel, v. SYN. Pound, bruise.buffet, 

ANT. Stroke, pat, clap, tickle. 
Cuff. v. SYN. Slap, box, smack, 
punch, pummel, hustle, buffet. 

ANT. Cudgel, flagellate, thrash, 
cane, strap, lash, whip. 
Cull. SYN. Bunch, gather, pick, col- 

ANT. Scatter, drop, throw, dissemi- 

Culmination. SYN. Consumma- 
tion, zenith, acme, meridian, apex, 
success, completion. 

ANT. Fall, descent, decline, failure, 
downfall, degradation, defeat, abor- 
Culpability. [See CULPABLE and 


Culpable. SYN. Blamable, blame- 
worthy, censurable, guilty. 

ANT. Blameless, innocent, excus- 
able, laudable, praisworthy. 
Culprit. SYN. Offender, criminal, 
delinquent, malefactor. 

ANT. Example, pattern, model, 
hero, saint. 

Cultivate. SYN. Promote, foster, 
study, improve, fertilize, till, advance, 
refine, improve, civilize, nourish, 

ANT. Neglect, desert, abandon, 
stifle, prevent, discourage, abolish, 
blight, blast, paralyze, eradicate, ex- 
tirpate, uproot. 
Cumber. SYN. Clog, impede, op* 

GUN 75 

j>ress, load, incommode, obstruct. 

ANT. Liberate, expedite, alleviate, 
extricate, lighten, relieve, support, 
free, rid. 

Cunning. [See CRAFT], 
Cupidity, n. SYN. Avarice, ac- 
quisitiveness, covetousness, stingi- 

ANT. Prodigality, extravagance, 

Curb. v. SYN. Restrain, cohibit, 
hold, repress, check, moderate. 

ANT. Indulge, liberate, release, 
emancipate, loose, urge, free, incite, 
instigate, impel. 

Curdle. SYN. Coagulate, condense, 

ANT. Colliquify, diffuse, circulate. 
Cure. n. SYN. Kemedy, alleviation, 
restorative, heal-all, amelioration, re- 
instatement, restoration, renovation, 

ANT. Aggravation, confirmation, 
complaint, disease, ailment, inocula- 
tion, contagion, corruption. 
Cure. v. [See HEAL]. 
Curiosity. SYN. Inquisitiveness, 
interest, wonder, marvel, interroga- 
tiveness, rarity, phenomenon, celeb- 
rity, oddity, lion. 

ANT. Indifference, heedlessness, 
disregard, abstraction, absence, weed, 
drug, dirt, cipher, bagatelle, song. 
Curious. SYN. Inquiring, inquisi- 
tive, scrutinizing, prying, meddling, 
singular, searching, interrogative, 
peeping, peering, rare, unique, odd, 

ANT. Indifferent, uninquiring, in- 
curious, uninterested, trite, common, 

Curmudgeon. SYN. Miscreant, 
wretch, rascal, churl, ill-conditioned 

ANT. Trump, good fellow, brick. 
Currency. SYN. Circulation, vogue, 
publicity, prevalence. 

ANT. Suppression, repression, re- 
call, stagnation, rejection, disbelief, 

Current. SYN. Running, prevalent, 
ordinary, present, popular, general, 
floating, exoteric, vulgar. 

ANT. Rejected, obsolete, exploded, 
confined, private, secret, esoteric. 
Curse, n. SYN. Malediction, ex- 


ecration, imprecation, denunciation, 
anathema, bane, blight. 

ANT. Blessing, benediction, joy, 
crown, glory. 
Curse, v. SYN. Execrate. 

ANT. Bless. 

Cursory. SYN. Rapid, hasty.desultory, 
careless, superficial, slight, summary. 
ANT. Searching, minute, elaborate, 

Curve, v. SYN. Incurve, bend, infiex, 
falcate, arcuate. 

ANT. Straighten, unbend, rectil- 

Curve, n. SYN. Incurvation, flexion, 

ANT Rigidity, inelasticity, inflexi- 
bility, rectilinearity. 
Custody. SYN. Keeping, guardian- 
ship, conservation, care. 

ANT. Neglect, betrayal, exposure, 
abandonine.U, desertion, liberation, 
jeopardy, discharge. 
Custom. SYN. Manner, habit, use, 
usage, fashion, practice, prescription. 
ANT. Law, regulation, dictate, com- 
mand, rule, disuse, non-observance, 

Cut. 11. SYN. Sever,elice,sunder, cleave, 
shear, carve, chop, gash, avoid, elude. 
ANT. Unite, splice, accost, approach, 
court, address, salute. 
Cutting. SYN. Sharp, biting, mordant, 
trenchant, piercing, bitter, sarcastic, 
provoking, stinging, sardonic, exas- 
perating, satirical, severe, disappoint- 
ing, cruel. 

ANT. Mild, conciliatory (Compliment- 
ary, soothing, flattering, indulgent, 
consoling, gratifying. 
Cynical. SYN. Sarcastic, snarling, 
snappish, sneering, cross-grained, cur- 
rish, carping, 

ANT. Genial, lenient, complaisant, 


I> A BBLE.SYN. Meddle, mix, trifle, 

ANT. Study, elaborate, investigate, 
delve, dig, fathom, gauge. 
Daft. SYN. Silly, innocent, idiotic, 
lunatic, light-headed, cracked. 

ANT. Sane, sound, sensible, prac- 
tical, rational, shrewd, deft. 


mealy-mouthed, delicious, toothsome, 
delicate, fastidious. 

Daiiity. SYN. Choice, rare, refined, 

tasty, exquisite, luxurious, epicurean, 

ANT. Common, coarse, unrelishing, 

nasty, dirty, omnivorous, greedy, 


Dally. SYN. Trifle, play,wanton,sport, 
fondle, delay, procrastinate, dawdle. 
ANT. Toil, labor, work, study, fag, 
stir, bustle, hasten. 

Damage. SYN. Injury, hurt. loss,mis- 
chief, detriment, impairment. 

ANT. Compensation, recovery, rein- 
statement, advantage, benefit, repara- 
tion, blessing. 

Damnable. [SEE EXECRABLE). 

Damp. SYN. Coo), blunt, dishearten, 
quench, slack, moderate, humid, wet, 
moist, discourage, discountenance, 

ANT. Urge, inflame, incite, fan, ex- 

Danger. SYN. Peril, hazard, risk, 
jeopardy, insecurity, venture. 

ANT. Security, custody, defense, 
safety, premunition, precaution. 

Dapper. SYN. Spruce, neat, natty, 

ANT. Slovenly, awkward, unwieldy, 

Dare. SYN. Venture, face, brave, haz- 
ard, risk, defy, challenge. 

ANT. Shrink, shun, dread, cower. 

Daring. SYN. Adventurous, dashing, 
bold, courageous.venturesome, daunt- 
less, foolhardy, fearless, brave, intre- 
pid, valorous. 
ANT. Cautious, timid,inadventurous. 

Dark. SYN. Black, dusky, sable, 
swarthy, opaque, obscure, enigmatical, 
recondite, abstruse, unintelligible, 
blind, ignorant, besotted, benighted, 
dim, shadowy, inexplicable, secret, 
mysterious, hidden, murky, nebulous, 
cheerless, dismal, dim,gloomy,8ombre. 
joyless, mournful, sorrowful. 

ANT. White, fair, light, radiant, 
bright, lucid, crystalline, transparent, 
brilliant, plain, intelligible, enlight- 
ened, glaring, dazzling, illumined, 
festive, luminous. 

Darling. SYN. Pet, love, sweet, 
pretty, dear, favorite, delight. 

ANT. Antipathy, abomination, hor- 

Dash. SYN. Burl, cast, throw, sub- 

76 DEA 

vert, detrude, drive, rush, s^nd, fly, 
speed, dart, scatter, strike, cour Be. 

ANT. Raise, reinstate, erect, creep, 
crawl, lag, hobble. 

Dashing. SYN. Adventurous, showy, 

ANT. Shrinking, dowdy, timid. 
Dastard. fSeeCowAKDj. 
Data. SYN. Facts, grounds, basis, 
axioms, postulates. 

ANT. Conjecture, assumption, prob- 
lem, proposition, inference, deduc- 

Date. [See TIME]. 
Daub. [See BEDAUB]. 
Daunt. SYN. Terrify, scare, frighten, 
cow, dishearten, appall, intimidate, 

ANT. Countenance, encourage,rally, 

Dauntless. SYN. Yaliant, gallant, 
fearless, lion-hearted, intrepid. 

ANT. Cautious, cowardly, timid. 
Dawdle. SYN. Lag, dally, idle. 

ANT. Haste, speed, dash, rush, work, 

Daw 11. SYN. Gleam, begin, appear, 
rise, open, break. 

ANT. Wane, set, sink, close, depart. 
Dazzle SYN. Daze, bewilder, con- 

ANT. Enlighten, illumine. 
Dead. SYN. Defunct, deceased, de- 
parted, gone, inanimate, lifeless, in- 
sensible, heavy, unconscious, dullj 
spiritless, cheerless, deserted, torpid, 

ANT. Vital, living, animate, viva- 
cious, susceptible, alive, joyous, stir- 
ring, thronged, bustling. 
Deaden. SYN. Benumb, paralyze, 
blunt, damp, subdue. 

ANT. Sharpen, quicken, enliven. 
Deadly. SYN. Mortal, fatal, malig- 
nant, baleful, pernicious, noxious, 
venomous, destructive, baneful, im- 

ANT. Vital, life-giving, healthful, 
wholesome, nutritious. 
Deadneas. SYN- Torpor, flatness, 
faintness, heaviness. 

ANT. Quickness, vitality, life, vivac- 

Deaf. SYN. Surd, hard of hearing, 
disinclined, averse, inexorable, in- 

DEA 77 

sensible, rumbling, inaudible, heed- 
less, dead. 

ANT. Acute, listening, disposed, in- 
terested, attentive, willing, suscepti- 
ble, sensible, alive. 

Deal. SYN. Bargain, chaffer, trade, 
dispense, market, communicate, nego- 
tiate, traffic. 

ANT. Hold, close, stop, fail. 
Dealing. SYN. Intercourse, commu- 
nication, trade, traffic, negotiation, 
commerce, practice. 

ANT. Lack, failure, closing, bank- 
ruptcy, stagnation, withdrawal, non- 

Dear. SYN. High-priced, costly, ex- 
pensive, beloved, precious, loved. 

ANT. Cheap, inexpensive, misliked, 

Dearth. [See ABUNDANCE"]. 
Death. SY>'. Departure, demise, de- 
cease, dissolution, mortality, fall, 
failure, termination, cessation, expira- 
tion, release, exit. 

.ANT. Birth, rise, life, growth, vigor, 
animation, spirit, activity, operation, 
action, commencement, vitality, au- 
spices, inauguration. 
Deathless. SYN. Undying, immortal, 
unfading, everlasting. 

ANT. Mortal, ephemeral, fragile, 
fugitive, momentary, transient, fleet- 

Debar. SYN. Exclude, stop, thwart, 
obstruct, hinder, prevent, deter, de- 
prive, disqualify, deny, prohibit, pre- 

ANT. Inclose, embrace, admit, per- 
mit, aid, allow, indulge, qualify, en- 

Debase. SYN. Degrade, lower, de- 
press, deprave, deteriorate, corrupt, 
alloy, impair, disgrace, humble. 

ANT. Raise, enhance, exalt, honor, 
promote, ameliorate, purify, improve. 
Debased. [See DEBASE]. 
Debate. SYN. Contend, dispute, argue, 
moot, controvert, contest, wrangle, 
discuss, deliberate,question, ventilate. 
ANT. Yield, concede, surrender, ad- 
mit, allow. 

Debatable. SYN. Dubious, doubtful, 
inestimable, uncertain, problematical, 
floating, unsettled, disputable. 

ANT. Certain, sure, unquestionable, 
Indisputable, self-evident, incontest- 


Debauch, Debauchery, n. SYS. 
Riot, revel,excess, orgies, gluttony. 

ANT. Meal, moderation, frugality, 
asceticism, abstinence, fast, macera- 

Debauch, v. SYN. Seduce, corrupt, 
ravish, violate, pollute, defile, vitiate. 
ANT. Purify, enlighten, ameliorate, 
elevate, make better. 
Debility. SYN. Weakness, feebleness, 
frailty, infirmity, incapacity, imbecil- 
ity, enervation, lassitude, languor. 

ANT. Strength, vigor, robustness, 
energy, tone, nerve, muscularity. 
Debt. SYN Debit, liability,default, ob- 
ligation, claim, score, something due. 
ANT. Liquidation, assets, credit, 
trust, grace, favor, obligation, accom- 
modation, gift, gratuity. 
Debtor. [See CREDITOR]. 
Decadence. [See DECAY]. 
Decamp. SYN. Start, fly, bolt, ab- 

ANT. Appear, answer, show. 
Decay, v. SYN. Decline, wane, sink, 
dwindle, rot, wither, perish, waste, 
ebb, decrease. 

ANT. Rise, grow, increase, flourish, 
luxuriate, vegetate, expand, enlarge. 
Decay, n. SYN. Declension, waning, 
sinking, wasting,decrease, corruption, 
decadence, putrefaction, rottenness, 
dry rot, consumption, decline. 

ANT. Rise, growth, birth, increase, 
fertility,exuberance. luxuriance, pros- 

Decayed. SYN. Rotten, corrupt, un- 
sound, decomposed, declined, faded, 
sunk, unprosperous, impoverished, 
wasted away. 

ANT. Sound, wholesome, healthful, 
fresh, prosperous, flourishing, wealthy 
Decease. [SEE DEATH]. 
Deceit. SYN. Cheat, imposition, trick, 
fraud, deception, double dealing, de- 
lusion, circumvention.g-uile, be;*uile- 
nuMit , treachery, sham, insidiousness, 
indirection, duplicity, cunning, arti- 

ANT. Enlightenment, instruction, 
guidance, reality, verily, fair dealing, 
honesty, openness. 

Deceitful. SYN. Deceptive, delusive, 
fraudulent, fallacious. 

ANT. Open, fair, honest, truthful, 
Deceive. SYN. Trick, cheat, beguile, 

DEO 78 

delude, gull, dupe, take in, over reaoh, 
mislead, betray, eusnare, entrap, cir- 

ANT. Enlighten, advise, illumine, 
guide, disabuse, undeceive, deliver. 

Decency. SYN. Modesty, propriety, 

Deceiver. [SEE DECEIVE]. 

Decent. [SEE BECOMING]. 

Deception. [SEE DECEIT]. 

Deride. SYN. Determine, fix, settle, 
adjudicate, terminate, resolve. 

ANT. Waver, raise, moot, drop, 
doubt, waive, suspend, misjudge, mis- 

Decided. SYN. Determined, ruled, 
resolute, firm, unwavering. 

ANT. Undecided, unsettled, irreso- 
lute, vacillating. 

Deciduous. [See EPHEMERAL]. 

Decipher. SYN. Bead, spell, inter- 
pret, solve, unravel, explain, unfold. 
ANT. Cipher, symbolize, impuzzle. 
mystify, enigmatize. 

Decision. SYN. Determination, con- 
clusion, sentence, judgment, resolu- 
tion, firmness. 

ANT. Irresoluteness, vagueness, 
indecision, uncertainty, unsettlement. 

Decisive. [SEE CONCLUSIVE]. 

Deck. [SEE ADORN.] 

Declaim, SYN. Harangue, recite, 
apostrophize, speak, debate, inveigh. 
ANT. Bead, study, compose, elabor- 

Declamation. SYN. Oratory, elo- 
cution, harangue, effusion, debate. 

ANT. Stammering, titubancy, hesi- 
tation, tardiloquence. 

Declamatory. SYN. Loud, noisy, 
incoherent, discursive, loose, inconse- 
cutive, grandiloquent,rbetorical,high- 

ANT. Close, connected, logical, stud- 
ied, exact, quiet, consecutive. 

Declaration. SYN. Avowal, exhibi- 
tion, manifestation, statement, ordi- 
nance, assertion, affirmation, profes- 

ANT. Denial, concealment, suppres- 

Declare. f see ANNOUNCE]. 

Declension. SYN. Decay, deca- 
dence, degeneration, deterioration, 


ANT. Bise, improvement, advance- 
ment, culmination. 

Decline. [See DECLENSION and Ao. 

Declivity. SYN. Descent, fall, slope, 
incline, devexity. 
ANT. Ascent, rise, verticality. 

Decoction. SYN. Concoction, dish, 
compound, plate, platter, mess, ex- 

ANT. Crudity, infusion, rawness, 
greenness, maceration. 

Decompose. SYN. Analyze, segre- 
gate, individualize, resolve, dissolve. 

ANT. Compound, concoct, mix, or- 
ganize, compose. 

Decomposition. [See DECOMPOSE]. 

Decorate. [See ADORN]. 

Decorum. SYN. Seemliness, pro- 
priety, dignity, order, decency, good 
manners, good behavior, modesty. 

ANT. Unseemliness, impropriety, 
disturbance, disorder. 

Decoy. SYN. Allure, entice, ensnare, 
entrap, seduce, mislead, inveigle, 
lure, tempt. 

ANT. Guide, instruct, warn, con- 
duct, disabuse, extricate. 

Decrease, v. SYN. Diminish, les- 
sen, subside, abate, lower, decline, 
retrench, curtail, reduce, wane. 

ANT. Increase, grow, amplify, ex- 
pand, augment, extend, enlarge. 

Decree. SYN. Decision, determi- 
nation, mandate, law,edict. manifesto, 
rule, verdict, order, judgment, ordi- 
nance, proclamation. 

ANT. Cue, hint, suggestion, intima- 
tion, request. 

Decrement. [See AUGMENTATION]. 

Decrepit. SYN. Infirm, weak, crip- 
pled, superannuated, effete, broken 
down, enfeebled, tottering, aged. 

ANT. Strong, robust, agile, youth- 
ful, active. 

Decrepitude. [See DECREPIT]. 

Decry. SYN. Depreciate, traduce, 
vituperate, disparage, defame, vilify, 
derogate, detract, censure, abase, de- 

ANT. Extol, laud, praise, eulogize, 

Dedicate. SYN. Devote, consecrate, 
offer, set, apportion, assign, apply, 
separate, hallow, set apart. 
ANT. Alienate, misapply, dese. 


crate, misappropriate, misconvert, 

Deduce. SYN. Draw, Infer, con- 
clude, gather. 

ANT. State, premise, hazard, con- 
jecture, guess, induce, anticipate, fore- 
see, predict, induct. 

Dednclble. [See DEDUCE]. 

Deduct. SYN. Subtract, bate, re- 
ANT. Add, annex, subjoin. 

Deduction. SYN. Conclusion, in- 
ference, abatement. 

Deed. SYN. Act, action, commis- 
sion, achievement, perpetration, in- 
strument, document, muniment, ex- 
ploit, feat. 

ANT. Omission, failure, abortion, 
false-witness, innocence, cancelling, 
disproof, invalidation, retractation, im- 
possibility, non-performance, recall, 
reversion, undoing. 

Deem. SYN. Judge, estimate, con- 
sider, believe, think, suppose, con- 

ANT. Misjudge, misestimate, mis- 

Deep. SYN. Profound, subterranean, 
submerged, designing, abstruse,recon- 
dite, learned, low. sagacious, penetra- 
ting, thick, obscure, mysterious, oc- 
cult. Intense, heartfelt. 

ANT. Shallow, superficial, artless, 
undesigning, familiar, commonplace. 

Deeply . [SEE DEEP]. 

Deface. SYN. Mar, spoil, injure, dis- 
figure, deform, damage, mutilate, des- 
ANT. Decorate, adorn, embellish. 

Defalcation. SYN. Failure, non-pay- 
ment, arrears, deficit. 

ANT. Payment, acquittal, balance, 
satisfaction, assets. 

Defame. [SEE DECRY]. 

Detainer. [SEE DEFAME]. 

Default. SYN. Lapse, forfeit, omis- 
sion, defect, delinquency, absence, 
want, failure. 

ANT. Maintenance, appearance, plea, 
satisfaction, forthcoming, supply, pres- 

Defaulter. SYN. Debtor, insolvent, 
ANT. Defrayer, liquidator. 

Defeat, n. SYN. Frustration, over- 
throw, discomfiture. 


ANT. Victory, triumph, success. 

Defeat, v. SYN. Conquer, overcome, 
worst, beat, baffle, rout, overthrow, 
vanquish, frustrate, foil. 

ANT. Secure, promote,lnsure,speed, 
advance, establish, aid. 

Defect. SYN. Shortcoming, omission, 
fault, imperfection, flaw, blemish, 

ANT. Supply, sufficiency, emenda- 
tion, compensation, virtue, ornament, 

Defection. SYN. Failure, dereliction, 
abandonment, rellnquishment, deser- 

ANT. Substitution, supply, super- 
abundance, adherence. 

Defective. SYN. Faulty, imperfect, 
insufficient, deficient, wanting, short. 
ANT. Correct, complete, sufficient, 
full, ample, abundant, satisfactory. 

Defense. SYN. Resistance, protec- 
tion, vindication, plea, justification, 
excuse, rampart, bulwark, apology, 
shelter, guard. 

ANT. Abandonment, surrender, be- 
trayal, exposure. 

Defenseless. SYN. Unsheltered, ex- 
posed, unguarded, unprotected, un- 

ANT. Sheltered, guarded, fortified, 
defended, protected, armed. 

Defendant. SYN. Accused, prisoner. 
ANT. Prosecutor, accuser, plaintiff. 

Defensible. SYN. Vindicable, justifi- 
able, tenable. 

ANT. Unjustifiable, untenable, un- 
warrantable, indefensible. 

Defer. SYN. Delay, postpone, waive, 
adjourn, prorogue, put off, retard, 
procrastinate, protract, hinder, pro- 

ANT. Expedite, hasten, quicken, 
press, urge, hurry, overdrive, de- 

Deference. SYN. Respect, considera- 
tion, condescension, contention, re- 
gard, honor, veneration, submission, 
reverence, obedience, homage, allegi- 

ANT. Disrespect, contumely, contu- 
macy, disregard, slight, impudence, 
disobedience, non-allegiance, defi- 
ance, attention. 

Defiance. [SEE DEFERENCE]. 

Deficiency. SYN. Want,inperfecti, 
lack, short-coming. 


ANT. Fullness, abundance. 

Deficient. [SEE DEFECTIVE]. 

Defile. [See CONTAMINATE]. 

Define. SYN. Mark out, limit, desig- 
nate, specify, eliminate, elucidate, ex- 
plain, fix, settle, determine, bound. 

ANT. Confound, confuse, obscure, 
mystify, misstate, misconceive, mis- 
construe, misdeflne. 

Definite. SYN. Clear, specified, de- 
termined, definitive, restricted, spe- 
cific, certain, ascertained, precise, 
exact, fixed, limited, bounded, posi- 

ANT. Vague, unspecified, undeter- 
mined, indefinite, obscure, confused, 

Definition. SYN. Determination, 
limitation, specification, restriction. 

ANT, Confusion, vagueness, accepta- 
tion, description, explanation, miscon- 
ception, misstatement. 

Deflect. SYN. Turn, deviate, diverge, 
swerve, divert, rocurve. 

ANT. Continue, proceed, straighten, 
unbend, prolong, produce. 

Deflection. SYN. Deviation, diver- 
gence, alienation, swerving, incurva- 
tion, curvity, falcation. 

ANT. Straightness, directness, rec- 
tilinearity, inflexibility, prolongation, 
prosecution, undeviatingness. 

Deforni. [See ADORN]. 

Deformity. SYN. Ugliness, disfigure- 
ment, hideousness, abnormity, mon- 

ANT. Grace, beauty, decoration, 

Defraud. [See CHEAT]. 

Defray. SYN. Meet, liquidate, pay, 
settle, bear, discharge, quit. 

ANT. Dishonor, repudiate.dissatisfy, 
misappropriate, embezzle. 

Defrayment. SYN. Payment, quit- 
tance, liquidation, compensation, dis- 

ANT. Non-payment, failure, insolv- 
embezzlement, repudiation. 

Defy. SYN. Scorn, challenge, provoke, 
despite, brave. [See DABE]. 

Degenerate. SYN. Deteriorate- de- 
cline, grow worse, retrograde. 

ANT. Recover, improve, Jiend, ad- 

f)o<rliitition. SYN. Swallowing, gorg- 
ing, gluttony, absorption. 

80 DEL 

ANT. Disgorgenieiit, vomit. 

Degradation. [See DEBASE]. 

Degrade. [See DEBASE]. 

Degree. SYN. Grade, rank, stage, 
step, extent, measure, mark, rate, 
position, quality, class, station, range, 
quantity, amount, limit, order. 

ANT Space, mass, magnitude, size, 

Doliortatlon. [See DISSUADE]. 

Deign. [See CONDESCEND]. 

Dejected. SYN. Dispirited, gloomy, 
melancholy, desponding, depressed, 
downcast, low-spirited. 

ANT. Elated, inspirited, blithe, gay, 

Dejection. [See DEJECTED]. 

Delay, v. [See DEFER]. 

Delectable. SYN. Pleasant, amiable, 
agreeable, enjoyable. 

ANT. Unpleasant, unamiable, dis- 
agreeably un enjoyable. 

Delegate. SYN. Appoint, depute, 

ANT. Recall, supersede, relegate, 

Deleterious. SYN. Destructive, nox- 
ious, injurious, poisonous, pernicious. 
ANT. Wholesome, nutritious, escu- 
lent, conservative, beneficial. 

Deliberate, v. SYN. Consider, medi- 
tate, consult, weigh, reflect, ponder, 
debate, perpend. 

ANT. Shelve, burke, discard, hazard, 
chance, risk. 

Deliberate, a. SYN. Grave, pur- 
posed, intentional, designed, deter- 
mined, resolute, earnest, unbiased, 

ANT. Playful, jocose, facetious, ir- 
resolute, unresolved, undetermined, 
dubious, compulsory, suggested, dic- 
tated, instigated, biased, prejudiced. 

Deliberation. [See DELIBERATE 

and COOL]. 
Deliberately. [See DELIBERATE]. 

Delicacy. SYN. Nicety, dainty, mor. 
sel, refinement, tact, softness, luxury, 
modesty, scruple, sensitiveness, fra- 

ANT. Coarseness, rudeness.rawness, 
saries, fare, physic, vigor, robustness. 

Delicate. [See DELICACY and COARSE]. 

Delicious. SYN. Exquisite, luxurious, 
delightful, dainty, choice. 


ANT. Coarse, common, unsavory, un- 
palatable, nauseous, loathsome. 

Delight. SYN. Enjoyment, pleasure, 
happiness, transport, ecstasy, joy, 
gratification, gladness, rapture, bliss. 
ANT. Pain, suffering, sorrow, 
trouble, misery, displeasure, dissatis- 
faction, disappointment, discomfort, 
dejection, depression, distress, melan- 
choly, discontent. 

Delightful. [See DELIGHT]. 

Delineate. SYN. Describe, figure, 
sketch, portray, depict, draw, repre- 
sent, paint. 

ANT. Misrepresent.caricature, exag- 
gerate, misportray. 

Delinquency. SYN. Crime, offense, 
guilt, culpability, criminality. 
ANT. Innocence, blamelesscess. 

Delinquent. SYN. Criminal, cul- 
prit, offender. 
ANT. Worthy, paragon, pattern. 

Delitiscence. SYN. Concealment, 
hiding, skulking, shirking. 

ANT. Appearance, publicity, for- 
wardness, self-presentation, openness. 

Deliver. SYN. Liberate, free, save, 
uttar, set free, surrender,yield, trans- 
mit, concede, give up, rescue, pro- 
nounce, hand, give, entrust, consign. 

ANT. Confine, capture, suppress, 
retain, betray, withdraw, assume, ap- 
propriate, misdeliver. 

Delude. [See DECEIVE]. 

Deluge. SYN. Inundation, rush, flood, 

ANT. Mist, moisture, dearth, 
drought, aridity, subsidence, exsicca- 

Delusion. [See DECEIT], 

Delve. SYN. Dig, penetrate, dive, in- 
vestigate, search. 

ANT. Scratch, rake, slur, dabble, 
dally, skim. 

Demand. SYN. Claim, require, ask 
for, call for, insist. 

ANT. Disclaim, waive, forego, peti- 
tion, request, supplicate. 

Demarcation. SYN. Definition, con- 
nguration,outline, sketch,delineation, 
bounding, inclosure, plan, limita- 

ANT. Indeflnitenes8,openness,space, 
waste, plain, void. 

Demean, f See BEHAVB and CONDE- 

Demerit. [See MERIT and FAULT]. 

81 DEN 

Demesne. [See DOMAIN]. 

Demise, t . [See BEQUEATH], 

Demise, n. [See DEATH]. 

Democratic. SYN. Popular, level, 
ing, radical, subversive, unlicensed, 
unarc.iica.. destructive, republican. 

ANT. Kegul. imperial, aristocratic, 
oligarchical, constitutional, conserva- 
tive, tyrannical, despotic, autocratic. 

Demolish. [See DESTROY]. 

Demoniacal. SYN. Fiendish, hell. 
Ish, diabolical. 
ANT. Angelical, seraphic, heave-'ly. 

Demonstrate. SYN. Prove, s-how, 
exhibit, manifest, evince, illustn'o. 

A r. Di sprove, conceal, misdemoi - 
strate, misexeniplify. 

Demoralize. [See DISHEARTEN]. 

Demulcent. SYN. Soothing, soft- 
ening, allaying, lenitive. 

ANT. Irritating, chafing, blister- 

Demur. SYN. Dubitate, hesitate, 
halt, pause, doubt, scruple, object. 

ANT. Approve, acquiesce, agree, 
assent, consent. 

Demure. SYN. Sedate, staid, grave, 
modest, downcast, sober, dispassion- 
ate, prudish, discreet. 

ANT. Lively, vivacious, facetious, 
wanton, wild, noisy, boisterous, rom- 
pish, hoydenish, indiscreet. 

Denial. [See DENT], 

Denizen. SYN. Citizen, subject, in- 
uabitant, sojourner, dweller, freed- 

ANT. Foreigner, alien, stranger, 
exile, traveler. 

Denominate. SYN. Name, call, 
designate, specify, denote, style, title. 
ANT. Misname, miscall, describe, 
delineate, suggest. 

Denomination. SYN. Name, des- 
ignation, description, kind, class, 
order, appellation. 
ANT. Non-description, misnomer. 

Denote. [See DENOMINATE], 

Denounce. SYN. Reprobate, decry, 
proscribe, brand, stigmatize, vituper- 
ate, defame. 

ANT. Applaud, eulogize, vindicate, 
panegyrize, uphold. 

Dense. SYN. Slow, thick, stupid, 
stolid, solid, stout, compact, consoli- 
dated, condensed, close, thick-set. 

ANT. Quick, clever, intelligent, 
rare, rarefied . uncompacted, sparse. 

DEN 82 

Dent. SYN. Indentation, notch,cavity. 
ANT. Tumor, protuberance, but- 
ton, knob, tooth. 

Denticulated. SYN. Notched, crenel- 
lated, indented. 
ANT. Toothed, serrated. 

Dentlculation. [SEE DENTICULA- 

Denude. SYN. Strip, divest, bare, 

ANT. Invest, drape, decorate, en- 
rich, ornament. 

Denunciation. [SEE DENOUNCE]. 

Deny. SYN. Refuse, reject, withhold, 
negative, contradict.gainsay.disclaim, 
disavow, disown, oppose. 

ANT. Grant, accept, concede, ad- 
mit, affirm, confirm, afford, yield, in- 

Depart. SYN. Leave.quit, go, decamp, 
start, sally, retire, withdraw, aban- 
don, remove, vanish. 

ANT. Stay, cling, remain, come, ar- 
rive, alight. Used also for die. 

Departed. [See DEPART and DE- 

Department. SYN. Section.division, 
portion, function, office, branch, pro- 
vince, line. 

ANT. Institution, establishment, art, 
science, literature, service, state, 
whole, organization, community, so- 
ciety, body. 

Dependence. [SEE DEPENDENT 

Dependent. SYN. Hanging, resting, 
contingent, trusting, relying, subject, 

ANT. Independent, irrelative, irre- 
spective, absolute, free. 

Depict. STN. Portray, color, paint, 
draw, delineate. 

AST. Misrepresent, exaggerate, de- 
form, caricature. 

Deplorable. SYN. Lamentable, mis- 
erable, pitiable, sad, calamitous, disas- 

ANT. Welcome, glad, acceptable, 
felicitous, beneficial, joyous. 

Deplore. SYN. Regret,lament,moorn, 
bewail, bemoan. 
ANT. Welcome, hail. 

Depopulate. SYN. Waste, dispeople, 
desert, coandon, unpeople. 

ANT. Occupy, tenant, colonize, in- 
habit, settle, replenish, stock, fill, 


Deportation. SYN. Arrival, impor. 
tation, placement, reconsignment. 

ANT. Exportation, emigration, dis- 

Deportment. SYN. Behavior, car. 
riage, movement, demeanor, charac- 
ter, conduct. 

AIJX. Misbehavior, misdeport- 

Depose. [SEE ENTHRONE]. 

Deprave. [SEE DEBASE]. 

Deprecate. SYN. Disavow, disclaim, 
expostulate, intercede. 

ANT. Beg, supplicate, ask, entreat, 
request, imprecate, invoke. 

Depreciate. [SEE. DISPABAGE]. 

Depredation. SYN. Havoc, robbery, 
spoliation, plunder, trespass, invasion, 

ANT. Pilfering, perquisite, abstrac- 
tion, pocketing, restitution, compen- 

Depredator. [See DEPBF.DATION], 

Depress. [See ELEVATE]. 

Depression. SYN. Lowering, degra- 
dation, debasement, dejection, dis- 
couragement, hollow, valley, dip. 

ANT. Raising, elevation, exaltation, 
promotion, preferment, amelioration, 
encouragement, rallying, rising, emi- 
nence, mound, prominence. 

Deprive. SYN. Strip,bereave. despoil, 
rob, divest, dispossess,abridge,depose, 
prevent, hinder. 

ANT. Invest, endow, compensate, 
enrich, supply, present, reinstate, in- 

Depute. SYN. Appoint, commission, 
charge, entrust, delegate, authorize, 
accredit, constitute. 

ANT. Recall, discard, dismiss, dis- 
commission, supersede. 

Deputy. SYN. Vicegerent, lieuten- 
ant, representative, agent, commis- 
sioner, legate, envoy, delegate, proxy, 

ANT. Principal, master, chief, gov- 
ernor, sovereign, ruler, head. 

Derange. [See ABBANGE]. 

Derangement. [See AKFRR^. 

Dereliction. SYN. Abandonment, 
failure, short-coming, desertion, re- 
linquishment, neglect. 

ANT. Performance, observance, ad- 
herence, attention. 

Deride. [See DEBISION]. 

DEB 83 

Derision. SYN. Scorn, contempt, 
mockery, irony, sarcasm, contumely, 

ANT. Respect, regard, admiration, 

Derisive. SYN. Scornful, contemptu- 
ous, disrespectful. 

ANT. Respectful, deferential, rev- 

Derivation. SYN. Origin, source, 
descent, beginning, cause, etymology, 
root, spring, analysis. 

ANT. Result, issue, formation, ap- 
plication, use. 

Derive. SYN. Deduce, trace, follow, 
track, draw, resolve. 

ANT. Misdeduce, misattribute, mis- 

Derogate. SYN. Detract, dispar- 
age, depreciate, decry, deteriorate. 

ANT. Esteem, value, laud, enhance, 
extol, exaggerate, over-estimate,over- 

Derogation. [See DEBOGATE]. 

Descant. SYN. Dissert, discuss, ex- 
patiate, enlarge, talk, dwell, amplify. 

ANT. Condense, abridge, abbre- 
viate, curtail, confine, clip, delineate. 

Descend. [See ASCEND]. 

Descendant. SYN. Offspring, prog- 
eny, stock, scion, seed, branch, issue, 
house, family, lineage. 

ANT. Author, founder, parent, an- 
cestor, progenitor, stock, root, source, 

Descent. [See DESCEND], 

Describe. SYN. Draw, delineate, 
portray, explain, illustrate, define, 
picture, depict,represent, relate, nar- 
rate, recount. 

ANT. Confound, confuse, mystify, 
misrepresent, caricature, distort. 

Description. [See DENOMINATION]. 

Descry. SYN. Discern, recognize, 
discover, distinguish, espy, detect, 
observe, mark, perceive. 
ANT. Miss, overlook, misobserve. 

Desecrate. SYN. Profane, secu- 
larize, misuse, abuse, prostitute, pol- 

ANT. Use, employ, devote, dedi- 
cate, consecrate, solemnize, sanctify, 
purify, reconcile. 

Desert, n. SYN. Wild, waste, wil- 
derness, solitude, void. 

ANT. Inclosure, field. oasture,gar- 
den, oasis. 


Desert. . [See ABANDON]. 
Deserter. SYN. Renegade, run. 
away, recanter, abjurer, apostate, 
traitor, forsaker. 

ANT. Adherent, supporter. ally,be- 
friender, disciple, bigot, slave. 
Deserve. SYN. Merit, earn, justify, 

ANT. Forfeit, misdeserve, lose. 
Desiderate. SYN. Desire, want; 
need, require. 

ANT. Disregard, forget, supersede, 

Desideratum. SYN. Requisite, 
complement, essential, want. 

ANT. Surplusage, superfluity, in. 
cumbrance', drawback. 
Design. >. SYN. Comtemplate, pur. 
pose, intend, plan, prepare, project. 

ANT. Hit, risk, guess, conjecture 
chance, fluke, misconceive, miscon 

Design, n. SYN. Contemplation, pur 
pose, intention., plan, preparation 
draft, delineation, sketch, drawing 
artifice, cunning, artfulness, guile, 
contrivance, intent, project, scheme. 
ANT. Execution, performance, re- 
sult, issue, construction, structure, 
candor, fairness, openness, artless- 
ness, sincerity, simplicity, change, 

Designate. [See DENOMINATE]. 
Designation. [See DESIGNATE]. 
Designed. [See DESIGN]. SYN. In- 
tended, prepared, purposed, adapted, 
calculated, planned, contrived, inten- 

ANT. Fortuitous, casual, accidental, 
miscalculated, miscontrived, unin- 

Designing. [See DESIGN aad ART- 
FUL] . 

Desinence. SYN. Termination, con- 
clusion, cessation, discontinuance, ca- 
dence, period, finality. 

ANT. Origination, initiation, inaug- 
uration, continuance, progression, 
commencement, inception. 
Desirable. SYN. Expedient, advisa- 
ble, valuable, acceptable, proper, ju- 
dicious, beneficial, profitable,good,en- 
viable, delightful. 

ANT. Undesirable, unadvisable,inex- 
pedient, objectionable, improper, in- 
judicious, unprofitable, evil. 
Desire, n. SYN. Longing, affection, 

propension, craving, concupiscence, 

ANT. Loathing, hate, repugnance, 
disgust, aversion, abomination, hor- 

Desire. [SEE COVET]. 

Desist. Sins. Cease, stop, discontinue, 
drop, abstain, forbear, leave off. 

ANT. Continue, proceed, persist, 

Desolate, a. SYN. Bereaved, forlorn, 
forsaken, comfortless, deserted, unin- 
habited, desert, wild, waste, bare, 
bleak, lonely. 

ANT. Cheered, cheerful, consoled, 
attended, cultivated, sheltered, fertile, 
luxuriant, animated, lively, gay, fre- 

Desolate, v. SYN. Waste, spoil, sack, 
plunder, pillage, ravage, devastate, 

ANT. People, colonize, plant, de- 
velop, fertilize, cultivate, enrich, en- 

Desolation. [See DESOLATE]. 

Despair, n. SYN. Hopelessness, de- 
spondency, desperation. 

ANT. Hopefulness, elation, antici- 
pation, hilarity, confidence, sanguine- 
ness, expectation. 

Despair, v. SYN. Despond, faint. 

ANT. Hope, trust,confide, rely, pre- 
sume, rally. 

Desperate. SYN. Wild, daring, au- 
dacious, determined, reckless, aban- 
doned, rash, furious, frantic, despair- 
ing, regardless,mad,desponding,hape- 
less, inextricabJe, irremediable, 

ANT. Cool, calm, cautious, timid, 
ehy, irresolute, remediable, hopeful, 
promising, propitious. 

Despicable, f See CONTEMPTIBLE]. 

Despise. [See DESPICABLE and CON- 

Despite, prep. SYN. Notwithstanding, 
opposing, resisting. 

ai .ling, abetting. 

Despite, n. [See DESPITE, prep, and 

Despoil. SYN. Strip, denude, ravage, 
devastate, rob, havoc, spoliate. 

ANT. Decorate, adorn, embellish, 
enrich, reinstate, rehabilitate. 

Respond. [See DESPAIR]. 

Despot. SYN. Tyrant, autocrat. 
ANT. Slave, subject. 

t DET 

Despotic. SYN. Autocratic, domi- 
neering, arbitrary, arrogant, imperi- 
ous, seii-willed, irresponsible,absolute, 
cruel, tyrannical. 

ANT. Limited, constitutional, hu- 
mane, merciful. 

Destine. SYN. Purpose, intend, de- 
sign, doom, ordain, devote. 

ANT. Allieuate, divorce, misapply, 

Destination. SYN. Purpose, inten- 
tion, design, consignment, object, end, 
fate, doom, arrival, application, use, 
scope, appointment, point, location, 
goal, aim. 

ANT. Operation, tendency, exer- 
cise, action, movement, design, initia- 
tion, project, effort. 

Destiny. SYN. Fate, decree, lot, for- 
tune, predestination, necessity, doom, 

ANT. Will, volition, choice, deliber- 
ation, freedom, freewill. 

Destitute. [See DEPRIVE and 

Destroy. SYN. Demolish, annihilate, 
subvert, ruin, overthrow, undo, waste, 

ANT. Eestore, reinstate, repair, 
fabricate, make, construct, create. 

Destructive. SYN. Detrimentai.hurt- 
ful, noxious, injurious, deleterious, 
baleful, baneful, ruinous, subversive. 
ANT. Wholesome, conservative, pre- 
servative, beneficial, reparatory, sub- 
sidiary, restorative. 

Desuetude. SYN. Disuse, obsolete- 
ness, non-observance. 

ANT. Use, vogue, custom, practice, 
observance, exercise, operation, per- 
manence, perpetuation. 

Desultory. SYN. Rambling, discur- 
sive, loose, unmethodical, superficial, 
unsettled, erratic, inexact, spasmodic, 
fitful, freakish, aberrant, unsystemat- 
ic, cursory, roving, hasty, slight. 

ANT. Settled, consecutive, earnest, 
serious, persevering, continuous, me- 
thodical, exact, diligent, untiring, re- 
current, periodical, systematic. 

Detach. [See ATTACH]. 

Detail, v. SYN. Particularize, enu- 
merate, recount, individualize, sift, 
analyze, specify. 

ANT. Generalize, condense, con- 
glomerate, gather, sketch, suggest 
abstract, classify, amalgamate. 


Detail, n. SYN. Element, compo- 
nent, particular, specialty, point. 

ANT. Account, statement, recital, 
totality, representation. 
Detain. STN. Stay, keep, arrest, 
check, withhold, delay, restrain, em- 
bargo, stop. 

ANT. Liberate, expedite, acceler- 
ate, dismiss, loose, disembargo. 
Detect. SYN. Discover, descry, un- 
mask, expose. 

ANT. Miss, lose, misobserve,ignore, 

Detention. STN. Retention, re- 
taining, hindrance. 

ANT. Relinquishment, abandon- 
ment, letting go. 

Deter. SYN. Warn, stop, dissuade, 
disincline, indispose, dispirit, hinder, 
prevent, discourage, dishearten, ter- 
rify, scare. 

ANT. Encourage, incite, provoke, 
move, allure, prompt, tempt, seduce, 

Deterge. [See ABSTERGE]. 
Deteriorate. [See AMELIORATE]. 
Determinate. [See DEFINITE]. 
Determination. [See DEFINITION 


Determine. [See DEFINE and DE- 

Detersloii. [See DETERGE]. 
Detest. [See ABOMINATE]. 
Detestable. [See DETEST and ABOM- 
Dethrone. SYN. TIncrown, depose. 

ANT. Anoint, enthrone, crown. 
Dethronement. [See DETHRONE]. 
Detonate. SYN. Explode, pop. 
ANT. Smoulder, hang, puff. 
Detortlon. SYN. Wresting, viola- 
tion, twisting, distortion, perversion, 
decurvity, devexlty, recurvation. 

ANT. Direction, aim, rectilinearity, 

Detract. SYN. Lessen, deteriorate, 
depreciate, disparage, defame, decrj, 
derogate, calumniate, scandalize, vil- 
ify, diminish. 

ANT. Augment, enhance, raise, in- 

Detraction. SYN. Diminution, de- 
terioration, depreciation, slander, 
backbiting, derogation. 

ANT. Augmentation, improvement, 
enhancement, eulogy, compliment, 


Detractor. SYN. Slanderer, cynic, 
ANT. Flatterer, sycophant, eulogist. 

Detriment. SYN. Loss, harm, hurt, 
injury, deterioration, impairment, 
disadvantage, prejudice, damage, in- 

ANT. Enhancement, improvement, 
remedy, reinstatement, repair, aug- 

Detrimental. SYN. Injurious, hurt- 
ful, pernicious. 

ANT. Beneficial, profitable, aug- 

Detrude. [See DASH]. 

Detruncatioii. SYN. Lopping, dis- 
ramification, pollarding, dismember- 
ment, discorporation, amputation, 

ANT. Training, trailing, grafting, 
inoculation, luxuriance. 

Develop. SYN. Educe, enucleate, 
eliminate, enunciate, lay open, dis- 
close, unravel, unfold, clear, am- 
plify, expand, enlarge, 

ANT. Envelope, wrap, obscure, mys- 
tify, conceal, narrow, restrict, con- 
tract, condense, compress, involve. 

Development. SYN. Outgrowth, 
fruit, crop, harvest, product, bud. 

ANT. Cause, origin, source, princi- 

Devexlty. [See DETORTION]. 

Deviate. SYN. Digress, wander, 
swerve, deflect, err, sway, depart, di- 
varicate, diverge. 
ANT. Continue, advance. 

Device. SYN. Artifice, expedient, 
design, plan, stratagem, project, 
symbol, emblem, show, invention, 
contrivance, cognizance. 

ANT. Fair-dealing, openness, mis- 
contrivance, abortion, fortune, luck, 
hazard, hit, incognito. 

Devil. SYN. Satan, lucifer, fiend, 
arch-fiend, foul fiend, demon. 

ANT. Arch-angel, angel, seraph, 

Devllisli. [See ANGELIC]. 

Devious. SYN. Tortuous, circu- 
itous, untracked, trackless, pathless, 
ambagious", roundabout, distorted. 

ANT. Direct, plain, trodden, fre- 
quented, straightforward. 

Devise. SYN. Contrive, plan, ma- 
neuvro, concert, manage. 
ANT. Mii-contrive, mismanage. 


Devoid. SYN. Void, wanting, desti- 
tute, unendowed, unprovided. 

ANT. Furnished, supplied, replete, 
provided, gifted. 

Devolve upon. SYN. Impose, 
place, charge, commission, depute, 
accrue, attach, befall, fall. 

ANT. Deprive, withhold, recall, can- 
cel, alienate, miss, pretermit, pass, 
lapse, skip. 

Devote. [See DEDICATE]. 

Devoted. SYN. Attached, fond, ab- 
sorbed, consecrated, ardent, loving, 
dedicated, given, abandoned. 
ANT. Alienated, estranged, averse. 

Devotion. SYN. Piety, devoutness, 
religiousness, dedication, self-aban- 
donment,cousecration, ardor, self -sur- 
render, self-sacrifice, love, attach- 

ANT. Impiety, profanity, selfish- 
ness, aversion, alienation, antipathy, 
indifference, apathy. 

Devour. SYN. Eat, consume, swal- 
low, gorge, gobble, bolt, absorb. 
ANT. Disgorge, vomit. 

Devout. SYN. Eeligious, pious, 
godly, saintly, holy, prayerful. 

ANT. Irreligious, impious, pro- 
fane, unholy. 

Devoutless. [See ANT. to DEVO- 

Dexterity. [See ABILITY]. 

Dexterous. [See AWKWARD]. 

Diabolical. [See DEVILISH], 

Diadem. SYN. Crown, coronet, 
coronal, chaplet, wreath, fillet, tiara, 

ANT. Liberty-cap, fool's-cap, daisy- 

Diagnostic. SYN. Symptom, in- 
dication, feature, sign, cue. 

ANT. Development, crisis, forma- 
tion, consummation, head, deception, 
illusion, misindication. 

Dialect. SYN. Provincialism, ac- 
cent, idiom, tongue, language, speech, 

Dialectic. SYN. Khetorical, logical, 

ANT. Conversational, colloquial, 

Dialogue. SYN. Tete-a-tete, con- 
versation, discourse, colloquy, con- 

ANT. Monologue, oration, solilo- 
quy, apostrophe. 


Dictate. SYN. Prompt, suggest, en- 
join, order, direct, pre.--crit)e, decree, 
instruct, propose, command . 

ANT. Follow, repeat, obey, echo, 

Dictation. SYN. Imperative, imperi- 
ous, domineering, arbitrary. 

ANT. Condescending, affable, indiil- 
gent, modest, unassuming, suppliant, 
supplicatory, precatory, persuasive, 

Dictatorial. [See DICTATE and AR- 

Diction. SYN. Style, expression, 
rhetoric, phraseology, language, 

Ayr. Solecism, provincialism, mis- 

Dictionary. SYN. Lexicon, word- 
book, vocabulary, glossary. 

Didactic. SYN. Instructive, direc- 
tive, moral. 

ANT. Unsound, misinstructive, er- 
roneous, pernicious, misleading. 

Die. SYN. Expire, depart, perish, de- 
cline, decease, disappear, wither, lan- 
guish, wane, sink, fade, decay, cease. 

ANT. Begin, originate, rise, live, de- 
velo.fte l grow, strengthen, flourish, 
luxuriate, vegetate. 

Diet. SYN. Food, victuals, nourish- 
ment, viands, nutriment, sustenance, 
fare, cheer, regimen. 

ANT. Starvation, fasting, abstinence, 
gluttony, omnivorousness. 

Differ. SYN. Vary, dissent, be unlike, 
disagree, dispute, contend. 
Ayr. Agree, assent, f See ASSCNT]. 

Difference. SYN. Separation, de- 
struction, dissimilarity, unlikeness, 
disagreement, dissonance, discord, 
contrariety, dissent, distinction, dis- 
similitude, estrangement, variety. 

ANT. Community, consociation, con- 
donation, similarity, likeness, agree- 
ment, sympathy, consonance, har- 
mony, consentaneousness, reconcilia- 
tion, uniformity, identity. 

Differentiate. SYN. Particularize, 
individualize, distinguish, identify, 
verify, specify, segregate, dissemi- 
nate, fuse, lump, mass. 

ANT. Generalize, classify, confound, 
amalgamate, confuse. 

Differentiation, n. [See DIF*KR- 

Difficult. SYN. Hard, intricate, ID* 

87 DIR 

volved, perplexing, enigmatical, ob- 
scure, trying, arduous, troublesome, 
up hill, unmanageable, unamenable, 
reserved, opposed. 

ANT. Easy, plain, straight, pimple, 
lucid, categorical , tractable, amenable, 
unreserved, favorable. 

Difficulty. [See DIFFICULT]. 

Diffident. [See MODEST]. 

Diffuse. PYN. Discursive, prolix, ver- 
bose, diluted, copious. 

ANT. Laconic, epigrammatic, terse, 

Dig. [See DELVE]. 

Digest, v. SYN. Sort, arrange, dis- 
pose, order, classify, study, ponder, 
consider, prepare, assimilate, incor- 
porate, convert, methodise, tabulate. 

ANT. Displace, confound, compli- 
cate, derange, disorder, discompose, 
eject, refuse, reject, disturb. 

Dignified. SYN. Exalted, stately, 
noble, grand, august, lofty, pompous, 
honored, elevated. 
ANT. [See LOFTY]. 

Dignify. SYN. Aggrandize, elevate, 
invest, adorn, exalt, advance, pro- 
mote, honor. 

ANT. Degrade, disinvest, humiliate, 

Digress. [See DEVIATE]. 

Dllaceratlon. (See LACERATION]. 

Dilapidation. SYN. Ruin, decay, 
disintegration, downfall, crumbling, 
demolition, dismantlement. 

ANT. Solidity, reparation, integrity, 
soundness, construction, fabric, struc- 

Dilate. SYN. Stretch, widen, expand, 
swell, distend, enlarge., descant, ex- 

ANT. Narrow, contract,r'estrict,con- 
strtct, particularize, dissect, anato- 
mize, concentrate, epitomize, con- 

Dilatory. SYN. Tardy, procrastina- 
ting, slow, loitering, behindhand, lag- 
ging, dawdling. 

ANT. Quick, prompt, beforehand, 
vigilant, eager, alert, hasty, precip- 
itate, rash, ardent. 

Dilemma. SYN. Fix, hobble, quan- 
dary, doubt, difficulty, scrape. 

ANT. Extrication, rebutment, free- 
dom, advantage, superiority, escape, 
solution, retort. 

Diligence. SYN. Care, assiduity, at- 
tention, application, heed, industry. 

ANT. Indifference, carelessness, 
neglect, inattention, heedlessness,des- 
ultoriness, inertness, idleness. 

Dim. [ See OBSCUKEJ. 

Dimension. SYN. Measurement,size, 
configuration, delineation, mass, bulk, 


ANT. Mismeosurement, segment. 

Dimidiate. SYN. Halve, bisect. 
ANT. Unite, integrate. 

Diminish. SYN. Lessen, reduce,con- 
tract, curtail, dwarf, decrease, sub- 
side, shorten, abate, retrench. 

ANT. Increase, enlarge, expand, ex- 
tend, amplify, magnify. 

Diminutive. [See DIMINISH and 

Dimness. [See DIM and OBSCURE], 

Din. SYN. Racket, clamor, rattle, res 
ononce, clangor, reverberation. 

ANT. Crash, report, burst, explo- 
sion, pop, bang. 

Dingy. SYN. Dull, dusky, rusty, be- 
dimmed, soiled, tarnished, dirly,dim, 
colorless, obscure, dead, soou.-tj. 

ANT. Bright,burnished,f?lossy,higb- 
colored. radiant, luminous, gleaming, 

Dint. SYN. Agency, instrumentality, 
force, power, emcacy. 

ANT. Weakness, inoperativeness, 
inefficacy, uselessuess, helplessness, 
opposition, counterforce. 

Dip. t>. | See IMMERSE]. 

Dip. n. SYN. Declination, depression, 
devexity, slope. 

ANT. Elevation, ascent, acclivity, 

Diplomacy. SYN. Embassoge, min- 
istry, ambassadorship,representation, 
tact, contrivance, management, nego- 
tiation, out-witting, circumvention. 

ANT. Cancel, recall, conge, miscon- 
trivonce, mismanagement, mal-admin- 
istration, over-vaulting, self-entangle- 
ment, self-defeat, self-stultification. 

Diplomatic. SYN. Judicious, know- 
ing, wise, prudent, well-contriver^ 
clever, astute, politic, discreet, well- 
planned, well-conceived, sagacious, 

ANT. Injudicious, bungling, stulti- 
fying, ill-managed, undiplomatic. 

Dire. [ See DREADFUL]. 

Direct. [See INSTBUCT]. 


Direct. [See STRAIGHT]. 

Direction. SYN. Course, tendency, 
inclination, line, control, command, 
bearing, superscription, order, ad- 

ANT. Misdirection,deviation,miscon- 
trol, misinstruction, aberration. 

Directly. SYN. Straightly, straight- 
way, immediately, undeviatingly, at 
once, promptly, quickly, instantly. 

ANT. Indirectly, by-and-by, inter- 

Director. SYN. Ruler, controller, 
manager, master, leader, guide. 

ANT. Body, company, institution, 
concern, subordinate, follower. 

Dirge. SYN. Requiem, lament, thren- 
ody, elegy, wake, coronach. 
ANT. Anthem, Te Deum, Jubilate. 

Dirt. SYN. Foulness, dung, filth, un- 
cleanness, meanness, sordidness . 

ANT. Cleanness, purity, ablution, 

Dirty. [See DIET and NASTY]. 

Disability. SYN. Disqualification, 
impotency, unfltness, incapacity, for- 
feiture, incompetency. 

ANT. Qualification,recommendation, 
fitness, deserving, merit. 

Disabled. [See DISABILITY]. 

Disabuse. SYN. Undeceive, inform, 
coriect, enlighten, rectify. 

ANT. Deceive, mislead, prejudice, 
prepossess, hoodwink, inveigle, stulti- 
fy, bamboozle. 

Disadvantage. [See ADVANTAGE]. 

Disaffection. [See AFFECTION]. 

Disagreeable. [See AGREEABLE], 

Disagreement. fSee QUARREL]. 

Disallow. [See ALLOW]. 

Disannul. [See ANNUL]. 

Disappear. [See VANISH]. 

Disappoint. SYN. Betray, deceive, 
frustrate, baffle, delude, vex, mortify, 
defeat, foil. 

ANT. Realize, justify, verify, fulfil, 
encourage, satisfy, gratify. 

Disapprobation. [See APPROBA- 

Disarm. [See ARM]. 

Disarrange. [See ARRANGE]. 

Disarray. [See ARRAY]. 

Disaster. [See CALAMITY]. 

Disavow. [See ACKNOWLEDGE]. 

Disband. [See MUSTER]. 

Disbelief. [See BELIEF]. 

Disburden. [See BURDEN]. 


Disburse. [See EXPEND]. 

Discern. SYN. Descry, observe, re- 
cognize, see, distinguish, discover, be- 
hold, penetrate, discriminate, differ- 
entiate, separate, perceive. 

ANT. Overlook, confound, mis- 

Discernible. SYN. Visible, conspic- 
uous, manifest, palpable, apparent, 
plain, perceptible, evident. 

ANT. Invisible, inconspicuous, ob- 
scure, indiscernible, impalpable,micro- 
*C3pic, minute. 

Discernment. SYN. Discrimination, 
far?ightedness,clearsightedness, pene- 
tration, observation, sagacity, judg- 

ANT. Heedlessness, blindness, inob- 
servance, shortsightedness, duluess, 
den-ity, hebetude. 

Discharge. SYN. Liberate, empty, 
dismiss, acquit, release, free, execute, 
perform, send away. 

ANT. Confine, charge, detain. 

Disciple. SYN. Follower, student, 
believer, votary. 

ANT. Master, teacher, leader, pro- 

Disciplinarian. SYN. Martinet, 
tight hand. 
ANT. Sloven, kingdog. 

Discipline. SYN. Order, strictness, 
training, government, instruction. 
drilling,control,coercion, punishment, 

ANT. Disorder, confusion.rebellion, 
mutiny, encouragement, reward, dis- 

Disclaim. [See CLAIM]. 

Disclose. SYN. Discover, reveal, con- 
fess, detect,divulge, make known, pro- 
ANT. Cover, conceal, lock, suppress. 

Discolor. SYN. Daub, stain, taint, dis. 

ANT. Paint, color, embellish, tin' s 
decorate, illuminate. 

Discomfit. [See DISCONCERT]. 

Discomfort. SYN. Disquiet, vexation, 
annoyance, trouble, unpleasantness, 

ANT. Comfort, ease, pleasantness, 

Discommendation. [See COM. 

Discompose. [P"e T^RANGF ] . 

D.sco^.vei'1.. SYN. Aoa.-u, co-fuse. 

DI8 I 

confound, upset, baffle, derange, dis- 
compose, thwart, disturb, defeat, fret, 
interrupt, vex, ruffle, disorder, unset- 
tle, frustrate, discomfit. 

i\ST. Encourage, rally,countenance, 
aid, concert, concoct, arrange, order, 
prepare, scheme, contrive, hatch, de- 

Disconcerted. [See DISCONCERT]. 

Dlscouforuiity. [See CONFORM- 

Discongriiity. [See CONGRUOUS]. 

Disconnect, Disconnected, Dis- 
connection. [See CONNECTION]. 

Disconsolate. SYN. Sad, forlorn, 
melancho'y, inconsolable, broken- 
hearted, sorrowful, unhappy, desolate, 

ANT. Joyous, cheerful, merry, hap- 
py, gay, jovial, gladsome, blithe. 

Discontent. [See CONTENT]. 

Discontented. [See CONTENTED]. 

JP A ~"-r~tiiiuaiice. [See CONTINU- 


Discontinuity. [See CONTINUA- 

Discord. [See CONCORD]. 

Discordance. [ See ACCORD]. 

Discountenance. [See COUNTE- 

Diseiithrone. [See ENTHRONE]. 

Discourage. [See ENCOURAGE]. 

Discouragement. [See ENCOUR- 

Discourse. [See CONVERSATION]. 

Discourtesy. [See COURTESY]. 

Discover. SYN. Find, invent, de- 
scry, disclose, unearth, ferret out, as- 
certain, discern, make known, detect, 
betray, indicate, manifest. 

ANT. Conceal, suppress, repress, 
miss, lose, overlook, mask, cover, 

Discredit. [See CREDIT]. 

Discreditable. [See DISREPUTA- 

Discreet. SYN. Discerning, wise, 
prudent, circumspect, cautious, wary, 
regulative, sensible, judicious. 

ANT. Undiscerning, blind, foolish, 
imprudent, indiscreet, unrestrained, 
reckless, injudicious, silly. 

Discrepancy. SYN. Dissonance, dis- 
harmony, discord, contrariety, dis- 
agreement, difference, variation. 

ANT. Consonance, harmony,accord- 
nce, agreement, correspondence. 


Discretion. [See DISCREET]. 

Discretional. SYN. Optional. 
ANT. Compulsory, obligatory. 

Discrimination. SYN. Penetration, 
sagacity, acuteness, nicety, shrewd- 
ness, judgment, discernment, insight, 

ANT. Dullness, confusedness, indis- 
criminateuess, shortsightedness, heb- 
etude, indiscernment. 

Discursive. [See CONSECUTIVE]. 

Discuss. SYN. Debate, argue, sift 
ANT. Mystify, confound, obscure. 

Disdain, n. SYN. Contempt, sooru, 
haughtiness, disregard, supercilious- 

ANT. Respect, reverence, admira- 
tion, respectfulness, considerateness, 

Disdain, r. [See SCORN]. 

Disdainful. [See DISDAIN]. 

Disease. SYN. Complaint, disorder, 
illness, indisposition, distemper, ail- 
meiit, malady, sickness. 

ANT. Health, convalescence, sanity, 

Disembody. [See EMBODY]. 

Disenable. [See ENABLE]. 

Disenchant. [See ENCHANT]. 

Disencumber. [See ENCUMBER]. 

Disengage. [See ENGAGE]. 

Disentangle. fSee ENTANGLE]. 

Disentitled. [See ENTITLE]. 

Disesteem. [See ESTEEM]. 

Disfavor. [See FAVOR]. 

Disfigure. [See ADORN]. 

Disfranchise. [See ENFRANCHISE]. 

Disgorge. (See GORGE]. 

Disgrace, v. tr. [See DISHONOR], 

Disgrace, n. [See HONOR]. 

Disguise. [See GUISE]. 

Disguised. [See GUISE.]. 

Disgust. SYN. Nausea,loathing,abom- 
ination, aversion, dislike,repugnancs, 
abhorrence, distaste. 

ANT. Desire, liking, partiality, pre- 
dilection, reltsh, fondness, longing, 

Dishearten. [See ENCOURAGE]. 

Dishevel. SYN. Disorder, entangle, 

ANT. Tire, dress, plait, bind, weavft. 

Dishonest. [See HONEST!. 

Dishonor, n. [See HONOR]. 

Dishonorable. ISee HONORABUK], 


f>licllnc. [See INCLINE]. 

Disinfect. [See INFECT]. 

Disingenuous. (See INGENUOUS]. 

Disiiiiiiherlt. [See INHERIT and 

Disintegrate. ]See INTEGRATE]. 

Disinter. [See INTER]. 

Disinterested. [See INTERESTED 
and SELFISH]. 

Disenthral. [See ENTHRAL] . 

Disjoin. [See JOIN]. 

Dislike. [See LIKE]. 

Dislocate. [See LOCATE]. 

Dislodge. [See LODGE], 

Disloyal. [See LOYAL]. 

Dismal. [Lat. dies inalus, evil day.] 
STN. Dreary, ominous, foreboding, 
lonesome, cheerless, gloomy, sad, de- 
pressed, lugubrious, funereal, sorrow- 
ful, melancholy, tragic, blank. 

ANT. Gay, propitious, promising, 
cheerful, lively, elated, joyous, laugh- 
able, ridiculous, comic. 

Dismantle. SYN. Disrobe, divest, 
denude, despoil, disarm, strip. 

ANT. Kobe, invest, drape, adorn, 
arrange, equip, endue. 

Dismay, v. STN. Affright, astonish, 
terrify, dishearten, daunt, scare, 
frighten, appall. 

ANT. Encourage, rally, inspirit, 
assure, allure. 

Dismay, n. [See TERROR]. 

Dismember. SYN. Disintegrate, 
disincorporate, detruncate. 

ANT. Integrate, incorporate, or- 
ganize, engraft, reorganize. 

Dismiss. SYN. Banish, discard, aban- 
don, cashier, send off, divest, dis- 

ANT. Retain, detain, keep, main- 

Dismount. SYN. Alight, descend. 
ANT. Mount, start. 

Disobey. [See OBEY], 

Disoblige. [See OBLIGE]. 

Disorder. [See OKDER]. 

Disorderly. [See ORDERLY]. 

Disorganize. [See ORGANIZE]. 

Disown. [See OWN]. 

Disparage. SYN. Depreciate, decry, 
undervalue, derogate, lower, detract, 

ANT. Extol, laud, panegyrize.over- 
estimate. exaggerate. 

Disparate. SYN. Unequal, differ- 
eat, ill-assorted, ill-matched. 

} DIS 

ANT. Equal, co-ordinate, well-ai. 
sorted, well-matched. 

Dispasslon. [See PASSION], 

Dispatch. SYN. Expedite, send, 
accelerate, hasten, execute, conclude. 
Used also in the sense of kill. 

ANT. Retard, detain, obstruct, im- 

Dispel. SYN. Disperse, scatter, dissi- 
pate, drive away, dismiss. 

ANT. Collect, recall, summon, con- 
vene, congregate, conglomerate,mass, 

Dispensation. SYN. 
iug, revelation, distribution, arrange- 
ment, visitation, exemption, immu- 
nity, privilege, abandonment, dis- 
missal, disuse, indulgence. 

ANT. Reservation, injunction, pro- 
hibition, enfoicement, retention, re- 

Dispeople. [See PEOPLE]. 

Disperse. SYN. Dispel, scatter, dis- 
seminate, separate, break up, spread 
abroad, deal out, distribute, dissipate. 
ANT. Collect, summou, recall,gather, 
concentrate, meet. 

Dispirit. [See ENCOURAGE]. 

Displace. [See PLACE]. 

Displant. [See PLANT]. 

Display. SYN. Show, exhibit, unfold, 
evidence, evince, flaunt, vault, ex- 
pose,ostentation, spread out, parade. 
ANT. Hide, conceal, dissemble, sim- 
ulate, suppress, wrap, cloke. 

Displease. [See PLEASE]. 

Displeasure. [See PLEASURE]. 

Disport. [See SPORT]. 

Dispose. [See ARRANGE and IN. 

Disposition. [See DISPOSE, AB- 

Dispossess, f See POSSESS]. 

Dispraise. [See PRAISE]. 

Dlspread. [See SPREAD]. 

Disprlze. [See PRIZE]. 

Disproof. [See PROOF]. 

Disprove. [See PROVE]. 

Disproportion. [See PROPORTION]. 

Disputant. SYN. Litigant, competi- 
tor, claimant. 
ANT. Partner, auxiliary, advocate. 

Disputatious. SYN. Litigious, ar- 
gumentative, cantankerous, quarrel- 
some, querulous. 

ANT. Conciliatory, unquarrelsome, 
in querulous. 


Dispute. SYN. Argue, question, can- 
vass, contest, contend, challenge, de- 
bate, controvert, controversy, differ- 
ence, gainsay, impugn, quarrel, al- 
ANT. Waive, concede, allow, forego. 

Disqualify. [ See QUALIFY]. 

Disquiet. | See QUIET]. 

Disquietude. STN. Anxiety, solici- 
tude, uneasiness, embarrassment, ap- 
prehension, agitation, disturbance, 
commotion, dissatisfaction. 

ANT. Peace, pacification, assurance, 
calmness, confidence, contentment, 

Disquisition. SYN. Essay, treatise, 
discussion, dissertation. 
ANT. Effusion, tirade, diatribe.rhod- 
omontade, blarney. 

Disregard. | See REGARD]. 

Disrelish. [See RELISH]. 

Disreputable. [ See REPUTABLE]. 

Disrespect, f See RESPECT]. 

Disrobe. | See DISMANTLE]. 

Disruption. SYN. Disintegration, 
discord, dissension, a breaking up, 
separation, alienation, hostility. 

ANT. Union, amalgamation, recon- 

Dissatisfaction. [See SATISFAC- 

Dissect. SYN. Take to pieces, anat- 
omize, scrutinize, investigate. 

ANT. Or asp, comprehend, slur, 
skim, unite, integrate, organize, com- 
pound, collocate, conjo' n, confound. 

Dissemble. SYN. Disguise, conceal, 
repress, smother, restrain, cloke. 

ANT. Exhibit, manifest, protrude, 
vaunt, pretend, simulate, feign, as- 
sume, expose, profess, proclaim. 

Dissembler. SYN. Feigner, hypo- 
crite, disguiser, suppressor, con- 

ANT. Exhibitor, vaunter, pretender, 

Disseminate. SYN. Spread, propa- 
gate, preach, proclaim, publish, pro- 
mulgate, scatter, circulate. 

ANT. Repress, suppress, stifle, dis- 
countenance, extirpate, eradicate. 

Dissent. [See ASSENT and CON- 

Dissertation. [See DISQUISITION]. 

Disservice. [See SERVICE]. 

Dissever. [See SEVER]. 

IM**ldeuce. jSee A. HIKE 1. 

91 DIS 

Dlssilieiice. SYN. Avoidance, repul- 

ANT. Approach, attraction, appe- 
tency, desire, affection, sympathy, in- 

Dissimilar. [See SIMILAR]. 

Dissimilitude. | See SIMILITUDE]. 

Dissipate. [See SQUANDER]. 

Dissociate. [See ASSOCIATION and 

Dissolute. SYN. Abandoned, profli- 
gate, loose, licentious, wanton, vi- 

ANT. Upright, conscientious, strict, 
self-controlled, correct. 

Dissoluteness. [See DISSOLUTE]. 

Dissolution. [See DECOMPOSITION]. 

Dissolve. [See MELT and CONSOLI- 

Dissonance. [See CONSONANCE]. 

Dissuade. [See PERSUADE]. 

Distance. SYN. Interval, removal, 
separation, interspace, remoteness, 
absence, space, length. 

ANT. Proximity, nearness, adja- 
cency, contiguity, neighborhood, pro- 
pinquity, contact, presence. 

Distant. SYN. Far, remote, aloof, 
apart, asunder,separate,indistinct, ob- 

ANT. Close, near, adjacent, contig- 

Distaste. [See TASTE]. 

Distasteful. [See TASTE]. 

Distemper. SYN. Disorder, disease, 

ANT. Health, sanity, vigor, conva- 

Distend. [See DILATE]. 

Distil. SYN. Drop, emanate, drip, 

ANT. Absorb, condense, retain,suck, 

Distinct. SYN. Separate,independent, 
unconnected, detached, disjoined, un- 
like, definite, obvious, different, dis- 
similar, clear, conspicuous, plain, per- 

ANT. United, consolidated, con- 
joined, one, obscure, dim, confused, 

Distinction. SYN. Difference, sepa- 
ration, dignity, eminence. 

ANT. Unity, identity, debasement 
insignificance, degradation. 


Distinctness. SYN. Clearness, plain- 
ness, conspicuousness, perspicuity. 

ANT. Confusion, indistinctness,bazi- 

Distinguish. SYN. Discern, descry, 
perceive, characterize, make famous, 
know, discriminate, see,discover, sepa- 
rate, divide, dissimilate. differentiate. 
ANT. Miss, overlook, confound, con 

Distinguished. SYN. Illustrious, 
noted, celebrated, conspicuous, emi- 
nent, marked, famous. 

ANT. Obscure, inconspicuous, hid- 
den , not famous. 

Distinguishable. [See DISTIN- 

Distortion. [See DETORTION and 

Distract. STN. Divide, dissipate, dis- 
sever, disconcert,discompose,perplex, 
bewilder, convulse, madden, disturb. 

ANT. Unite, fix, concentrate,collect, 

Distraction. SYN. Inattention, mad- 
ness, absence. 
ANT. Attention, composure. 

Distress, v. SYN. Harass, embarrass, 
trouble, grieve, annoy, vex, mortify, 
pain, disturb, afflict, worry. 

ANt. Soothe,compose,please,gratify, 
gladden, console, elate, comfort. 

Distress, n. [See AFFLICTION and 

Distribute. [See DISPENSE]. 

District. [ See CIRCUIT and REGION]. 

Distrust. [ See TRUST]. 

Disturb. SYN. Derange, discompose, 
disorder. discommode,plague,comuse, 
rouse, agitate, annoy, trouble, inter- 
rupt, incommode, worry, vex, molest, 

ANT. Order, collocate, arrange, 
pacify, soothe, quiet, compose, leave. 

Disunion. [See UNION], 

Disuse. [See USE and DESUETUDE]. 

Divarication. SYN. Deviation, di- 
vergence, digression, diversion. 

ANT. Continuity, rectilinearity, di- 
rectness, prolongation, 

Diversion. SYN. Detour, divergence, 
deviation, recreation,amusemeut,pas- 
time, sport, enjoyment. 

ANT. Continuity, directness, pro- 
cedure, business, task, work, study, 
labor, avocation. 

92 DOC 

Diversify. SYN. Vary, alter, change 
modify, variegate. 

ANT. Conserve, prosecute stabili- 
tate, settle, fix, stereotype, crystallize, 

Diversity. SYN. Difference, dissimi 
larity, variation. multiformity,hetero- 
geueousuess, dissonance. 

ANT. Similarity, identity, unifo--m- 
ity, homogeueousness, co-ordination, 
coincidence, consonance. 

Divert. SYN. Alter, change, deflect, 
alienate, delight, please, gratify., en- 
tertain, amuse. 

ANT. Continue, prosecute, prolong, 
produce, restrict, confine, pain, annoy. 

Divest. SYN. Disruan'le, denude.strip, 
disrobe, unclothe, disencumber, de. 

ANT. Clothe, robe, irvest, shroud, 
envelop, encumber, indue. 

Divide. SYN. Separate, dissect, bi- 
sect, portio. , part, divo;-ce,segiegate, 
sever, sunder, deal out, disunite, keep 
apart, part among, allot, distribute, 

ANT. Unite, collocate, classify, cou- 
vene, congregate, conglomerate, con- 
glutinate, commingle, join,consociate, 

Divination. SYN. Prediction, sor- 
cery.magic, witchcraft, augury. omens. 
ANT. Instruction, information, in- 
vestigation, study, learning 

Division. [See DIVIDE ar.d SEPA- 

Divorce, v. SYN. Separate, discon- 
nect, dissever, divert, alienate. 

ANT. Conjoin, unite, connect, ap- 
ply, reconcile, reunite. 

Divorce, n. [See verb]. 

Divulge. [See CONCEAL]. 

Do. SYN. Work, act, accomplish, exe- 
cute, achieve, transact, finish, enact, 
perform, produce, complete. 
ANT. Undo, mar, neglect, omit. 

Docile. SYN. Compliant, amenable, 
easily managed, yielding, gentle,quiet, 
pliant, tractable, teachable, tame. 

ANT. Intractable, stubborn, obsti. 
nate, self-willed, dogged. 

Dock. SYN. Curtail, lop, abbreviate, 

ANT. Grow, elongate, nourish, p*Ot 
long, train, coax. 

Docked. [See POCK], 

DOC 93 

Doctrinal. SVN. Didactic, catechet- 
ical, theological. 

ANT. Practical, operative. 
Doctrine. SYN. Tenet, article* belief, 
creed, dogma, teaching, precept, 

ANT. Practice, operation, duty, con- 
duct, action. 

Dodge, i). [See BAFFLE]. 
Dodge, n. [See ARTIFICE]. 
Doer. SYN. Agent, actor, performer, 
originator, perpetrator, maker. 

ANT. Undoer, preventer, hinderer, 
baffler, neutralizes marrer. 
Dogged. SYN. Obstinate, morose, 
sullen, impracticable, prejudiced. 

ANT, Docile, genial, agreeable, con- 
ciliatory, easy, indulgent, liberal,com- 

Dogma. [See DOCTRINE]. 
Dogmatic. SYN. Doctrinal, theolog- 
ical, imperious, dictatorial, authorita- 
tive, nrrogart, magisterial, self-opin- 
ioriated, positive. 

ANT. Practical, active, moderate, 
mode- 1, diffident, vacillating. 
Doleful. SYN. Dolorous, rueful, mel- 
ancholy, piteous, somber, sorrowful, 
woebegone, dismal. 

ANT. Merry, joyful, gay, blithe, 

Dolt. SYN. Numskull, ignoramus, dul- 
lard, ass. 

ANT. Savant, genius, philosopher, 
scholar, luminary. 

Dollish. SYN. Stolid, jolterheaded, 

ANT. Quick, sharp, acute, long- 

Domain. SYN. Estate, lordship, ter- 
ritory, inclosure. 

ANT. Waste, wilderness, wild. 
Domestic. SYN. Domiciliary, pri- 

ANT. Foreign, public. 
Domestication. SYN. Settlement, 
colonization, localization, tamiug. 

ANT. Dissettlement, displacement, 
dislodgment. ejection, deportation, 
exile, dispeoplement. 
Domicile. SYN. Kesidence, abode, 
settlement, home. 

ANT. Estrangement, migration, 
homelessness, houselessness, wilder- 
ness, wild, world. 
Domiciliary. [See DOMICILE and 


Dominance. SYN. Lordship, ma 
tery, superiority, preponderance, 

ANT. Inferiority, subjection, servi. 
tude, weakness, inprevalence, mi- 

Dominant. [See DOMINANCE]. 
Domination. [See DOMINANCE]. 
Domineer. SYN. Lord, tyrannize, as- 
sume, u^urp. 

ANT. Submit, succumb, defer, yield, 
bow, patronize. 

Domineering. [See ARROGANT]. 
Dominion. SYN. Power, authority, 
rule, tyranny, despotism, govern- 
ment, control, empire, sway, realm, 
territory, jurisdiction. 

ANT. Weakness, submission, subju- 
gation, Inferiority, servitude. 
Doll. SYN. Assume, wear. 

ANT. Doff, cast. 
Donation. [See PRESENTATION and 


Doom. SYN. Judgment, fate, sentence, 
verdict, condemnation, lot, destiny. 

ANT. Liberation, respite, escape, 
' pardon, acquittal, approval. 
Dormant. 2vN. Sleeping, slumber- 
ing, latent, undeveloped, quiescent, 

ANT. Vigilant, wakeful, active, 
operative, developed, energetic. 
Dotage. SYN. Imbecility, senility, fa- 
tuity, dementedness. 

ANT. Intelligence, acuteness, judg- 
ment, penetration, vigor. 
Doubt, n. SYN. Dubiousness, dubita- 
tion, scruple, hesitation, snspense,dis- 
trust, suspicion, perplexity, uncer- 
tainty, ambiguity, difficulty, indecis- 

ANT. Certainty,clearness, precision, 
determination, decision, conviction, 

Doubt, v. SYN. Dubttate, hesitate, 
vacillate, waver, demur. 

ANT. Decide, determine, resolve, 

Doubtful. [See DOUBT and EQUIV- 

Doubtless. SYN. Certainly, clearly, 
precisely, indisputably. 

ANT. Perhaps, probably, possibly. 
Doughty. SYN. Redoubted, redoubt- 
ANT. Craveo, puny. 

DOW 94 

Dowdy. SYN. Dull, shabby, common, 
plain, homely, dingy, scrubby, 

ANT. Stylish, dressy, gay, modish, 
gorgeous, dandified, tawdry. 
Downfall. [See FALL]. 
Downright. [See ABSOLUTE]. 
Downwards. SYN. Below, beneath, 

ANT. Upwards, aloft. 
1 trail, n. Syn. Copy, transfer, tran- 
script, sketch, abstract, order, check. 

ANT. Original, deed, cash. 
Draft, v. SYN. Draw, drain, exhaust. 

ANT. Supply, replenish, import. 
Drag. SYN. Draw, pull, haul, bring. 

ANT. Carry, convey, push, propel, 
raise, heave. 

Drain, v. SYN. Draw, strain, drip, 
percolate, drop, exhaust, empty, dry. 
ANT. Replenish, fill, supply, pour, 
moisten, drown, inundate, drench, 

Draught. SYN. Drink, traction, 
breeze, check. 

ANT. Drought, burden, non-ventila- 
tion, deposit. 

Draw. SYN. Drag, pull, attract, in- 
duce, haul, entice, inhale, sketch, de- 
lineate, describe. 

ANT. Push, carry, propel, throw, re- 
pel, drive, compel, impel, thrust. 
Drawback. [See DETRIMENT]. 
Drawl, v. SYN. Drag, lag, drone. 

ANT. Gabble, rattle, prattle. 
Dread, n. SYN. Fear, shuddering, 
terror, horror, alarm, intimidation, 

ANT. Courage, confidence, welcome, 

Dreadful. SYN. Fearful, shocking, 
monstrous, dire, terrible, frightful, 
terrific, horrible, alarming, awful. 

ANT. Encouraging, inspiriting, as- 
suring, promising, hopeful. 
Dream, n. SYN. Trance, vision, fancy, 
reverie, hallucination, romance. 

ANT. Fact, reality, substance, verify, 

Dreamy. SYN. Fanciful, visionary, 
speculative, abstracted, absent, foggy. 
ANT. Collected, earnest, attentive, 
awake, active, energetic, practical. 
Dreary. [See DISMAL]. 
Dregs. SYN. Refuse, sediment, offal, 
lees, offscouring, dross, trash. 
ANT. Cream, flower, pink, pickings, 
, sample. 


Drench. SYN. Wash, inundate, soak, 
saturate, steep, shower, drown. 

ANT. Drain, strain, sponge, mop, 
dry, exsiccate. 

Drenched. [See DRENCH]. 
Dress. SYN. Garniture, preparation, 
arrangement, clothing, habiliments, 
accoutrements, vestments, uniform, 
raiment, apparel, attire, clothes, ar- 
ray, garments, livery, costume, garb, 

ANT. Nudity, disorder, disarrange- 
ment, undress, deshabille. 
Driblet. SYN. Drop, dole, instalment, 
scrap, morsel, bit, particle. 

ANT. Total, whole, aggregate, mass. 
Drift. SYN. Tendency, direction, mo- 
tion, tenor, meaning, purport, ob- 
ject, intention, purpose, scope, aim, 
result, issue, inierence, conclusion, 
end, course. 

ANT. Aimlessness, pointlessness, 
vagueness, uumeaninguess, iadefinite- 
ness, coufuj-edness, aberrancy. 
Drill. SYN. Teach, exercise, instruct, 
train, ordinate, discipline. 

ANT. Confuse, disarrange, disorder, 
misinstruct, miseducate, dishabituate. 
Drink. SYN. Imbibe, swallow, quaff, 
absorb, drain, draught. 

ANT. Disgorge, replenish, pour, 
exude, water, moisten. 
Drip. SYN. Drop, ooze, percolate. 

ANT. Imbibe, swallow, absorb, suck, 
dry, retain, hold. 
Drive, f See DRAW]. 
Drivel. SYN. Fatuity, nonsense, tri- 
fling, snivel, babble. 

ANT. Soundness, coherence, sub- 
stance, solidity. 

Driveller. SYN. Idiot, babbler, do- 

ANT. Speaker, debater, logician, 

Droll. STN. Whimsical, comical, odd, 
queer, amusing, laughable, funny, 
comic, fantastic, farcical. 

ANT. Sad, lamentable, tragic, lu- 
gubrious, funereal. 

Drollery. SYN. Fun, whimsicality, 
comicality, trickery, buffoonery, face- 
tiousness, pleasantry. 

ANT. Gravity, dismality. rueful- 
ness, priggishness, starch, lugubrious- 

Drone. [See DBAWL]. 
Droop. SYN. Sink, flag, decline. 


pine, languish, drop, bend, incurve, 

ANT. Revive, flourish, luxuriate, 
prosper, rally, raise. 
Drop. SYN. Ooze, emanate, distil, 
percolate, fall, decline, descend, faint, 

ANT. Evaporate, rally, rise, soar, 
ascend, recover. 
Dross. SJTN [see CREAM]. 
Drought. SYN. Dryness, aridity, 
parching, thirst. 

ANT Moisture, refreshment, dew, 
deluge, slakiug, quenching, watering, 

Drown. SYN. Sink, immerse, 
swamp, overwhelm, engulf, deluge, 
inundate, submerge. 

ANT. Dry, drain, expose, air, ven- 

Drowsy. SYN. Heavy, drooping, 
sleepy, dozy, comatose, torpid, stu- 
pid, somnolent. 

ANT. Light, vigilant, alert, awake. 
Drudge, v. SYN. Slave, labor, plod. 
ANT. Bask, luxuriate, hit off, play, 

Drug. [See CIPHER]. 
Dry. v. SYN. Drain, parch. 
ANT. Drench, moisten, wet. 
Dry. SYN. Arid, parched, moisture- 
less, juiceless, barren, tame, sar- 
castic, vapid, lifeless, dull, tedious, 
uninteresting, monotonous. 

ANT. Moist, fresh, juicy, lively, en- 

Dubious. [See EQUIVOCAL]. 
Ductile. SYN. Malleable, exten- 
sible, tractile, extensile, tractable, do- 
cile, irresolute. 

ANT. Inelastic, inflexible, tough, 
obdurate, resolute, firm, obstinate. 
Dudgeon. SYN. Indignation, spleen, 
resentment, umbrage. 

ANT, Complacency, contentment, 
serenity, satisfaction. 
Dr . SYN. Owing, attributable, just, 
fair, proper, suitable, becoming, tit, 
owed, appropriate, obligatory. 

ANT. Irrelative, unattributable, in- 
dependent, undue, unfair, improper, 
extravagant, deficient. 
Dulcet. SYN. Sweet, soothing, melo- 
dious, soft, warbling, euphonious. 

ANT. Harsh, grating, discordant, 
noisy, clamorous, dissonant, rancor- 
ou*, cacophonous. 


Dulcify, Dulcorate. [See 

EN I. 

Dull. SYN. Stupid, stolid, doltish, 

insensible, callous, heavy, gloomy, 

dismal, cloudy, turbid, opaque, dowdy, 

sluggish, sad, tiresome, commonplace, 

ANT. Sharp, clever, lively, ani- 

mated, sensible, cheerful, exhilara- 

ting, brignt, transparent, brilliant, 


DullarU. [See BLOCKHEAD]. 
Dumb. SYN. Inarticulate, mute, 

silent, still. 

Ant. Clatter, tumult, uproar. 
Dumbfounded. [See ASTONISH]. 
Dunce. n. [See BLOCKHEAD]. 
Dupe. [See CHEATJ. 
Duplicity. [See ARTFUL]. 
Durable. SYN. Lasting, perma- 

nent, stable, persistent, abiding, con- 

stant, continuing. 
ANT. Evanescent, transient, im- 

permanent, unstable. 
Durance. SYN. Confinement, in- 

carceration, imprisonment. 
ANT. Liberty, largeness. 
Duration. SYN. Period, continu- 

ance, term, space, protraction, pro- 

ANT. Momentariness, instantane- 

ousness, infinity, eternity. 
Dutiful. SYN. Obedient, submis- 

sive, respectful, docile, deferential, 

ANT. Disobedient, intractable, re- 

bellious, undutiful. 
Duty. SYN. Obligation, part, busi- 

ness, responsibility, allegiance, func- 

tion, omce, province, calling, trust, 

commission, service. 
ANT. Freedom, exemption, immu- 

nity, license, dispensation, desertion, 

Dwarf, i'. SYN. Lower,stunt, depress. 

ANT. Heighten, elevate, raise. 
Dwarf, n. SYN. Pigmy, imp, abor- 

tion, puck. 

ANT. Giant, monster, Hercules. 
Dwell. SYN. Stop, stay, rest, in- 

habit, sojourn, lodge, linger, tarry, 

live, reside, abide. 
ANT. Move, travel, hasten, speed, 

migrate, wander, depart, flit, roam. 
Dweller. [See DWELL and DENIZKV 
Dwelling. See A BODE J. 

DWI 96 

Dwindle. SYN. Pine, waste, dimin 
ish, decrease, fall off, decline, melt. 

ANT. Expand, enlarge, increase, 
grow, flourish, augment, develop. 

EARLY. SYN. Soon,betimes,forward, 
shortly, quickly, ere long, anon, mat- 
utiual, beforehand. 

ANT. Late, tardily, backward, ves- 
pertinal, belated. 

Earn. SXN. Merit, acquire, achieve, 
obtain, win, gain, deserve, realize. 

ANT. Forfeit, forego, waste, lose, 
spend, squander. 

Earnest. SYN. Eager, serious, intent, 
determined, strenuous, solemn, grave, 
warm, ferveut, intense, ardent. 

ANT. Indifferent, idle, playful, des- 
ultory, irresolute, uoiearnest, spor- 
tive, jesting, flippant. 

"Ease. SYN. Enjoyment, comfort, rest, 
repose, tranquillity, refreshment, re- 
lief, quiet, contentment, satisfaction, 
favx'lity, readiness. 

ANT. Trouble, annoyance, vexation, 
disquiet, difficulty, awkwardness. 

Easy. SYN. Quiet, comfortable, man- 
ageable, indulgent, facile, lenient, un- 
constrained, gentle, not difficult, un- 
ooncerned, self-possessed. 

ANT. Uneasy, disturbed, uncomfort- 
able, difficult, unmanageable, hard, ex- 
acting, anxious,awkward, embar rassed. 

Ebb. SYN. Retire, recede, decrease, 
sirk, decline, decay, wane. 
ANT. Flow, increase, abound, swell. 

Ebriety. SYN. Soberness, freshness, 

ANT. Inebriety, intoxication, crap- 

Ebullition. SYN. Boiling, efferves- 
cence, outburst, paroxysm, eruption. 

ANT. Refrigeration, cooling, subsi- 
dence, composure. 

Eccentric. SYN. Peculiar, singular, 
idiosyncratic, flighty, aberrant, anom- 
alous, wayward, strange, irregular, 
abnormal, odd, whimsical, erratic. 

ANT. Regular, ordinary, customary, 
normal, common, usual, unuoticeable, 
wa remarkable. 

Echo. SYN. Reverberation, resonance, 
repetition, imitation, answer. 

ANT. Sound, voice, original, ques- 
tion, proposition, statement, opinion. 


Eclectic. SYN. Exceptive, selective, 

ANT. Narrow, prejudiced, petty, par- 
tial, intolerant, biased, warped, dog- 

Eclipse, n. SYN. Failure, obscuration, 
overshadowing, shading, diminution, 
outshining, outdoing, outri vailing. 

ANT. Illumination, effulgence, re- 
appearance, brightness, lustre, re- 
nown, re-illumination, re-effulgence, 

Eclipse, v. SYN. Obscure, outdo, out- 
shine, overshadow, outvie, outrival, 
darken, shade, overcast, dim, cloud. 

ANT. Recommend, brighten, illus- 
trate, enhance, heighten. 
Economy. SYN. Administration, dis- 
pensation, management, rule, arrange- 
ment, distribution, husbanding. 

ANT. Maladmmistration,waste, mis- 
rule, mismanagement, disorder, prod- 

Economize. SYN. Husband, devel- 
op, utilize. 

ANT. Waste, misuse, sacrifice. 
Ecstasy. SYN. Rapture, inspiration, 
fervor, frenzy, transport,emotion,joy, 
delight, enthusiasm, happiness. 

ANT. Indifference, cooluess,dulness, 
weariness, tedium,bore, fidget, misery 
Ecumenical. SYN. Universal, cath- 

ANT. Partial, national, private, lo- 
cal, domestic. 

Edible. SYN. Esculent, wholesome, 
culinary, eatable. 

ANT. Noxious, poisonous, uneat- 
able, deleterious. 

Edifice. SYN. Structure, building, 
tenement, fabric. 

ANT. Ruin, heap, demolition, dis- 

Edify. SYN. Enlighten, instruct, im- 

ANT. Misguide, mislead, misinform. 
Educate. SYN. Instruct, nurture, dis- 
cipline, train, teach, develop, ground, 
school, initiate. 

ANT. Miseducate, misinstruct, mis- 

Educe. SYN. Draw, eliminace,produce, 

ANT. Adduce, apply, insert, deposit, 

Efface. SYN. Erase, obliterate, eradi- 
cate, destroy, blot out.caucel.expuugtt. 




ANT. Eestore, revive, delineate, Im- 
print, portray. 

EttV'-t. v. SYN. Produce, cause, com- 
plete, achieve, accomplish, fulfil, real- 
ize, execute, consummate. 

ANT. Prevent, obviate, frustrate, 

Effect, n. SYN. Result, consequence, 
issue, pi. Goods, chattels, property, 
movables, commodities. 
ANT. Origin, cause. 

Effective. SYN. Powerful, conducive, 
operative, cogent, telling, able, po- 
tent, talented, efficacious, efficient,ser- 
viceable, effectual. 

ANT. Weak,ineffeetive,inconducive, 
inoperative, futile, nugatory. 

Effectuate. SYN. Produce, ensure, 
secure, stabilitate,compa3s, complete, 

ANT. Prevent, hinder, nullify, de- 
feat, nip, blight, strangle, stifle, abol- 

Effeminate. SYN. Feminine, deli- 
cate, womanly, womanish, timorous, 
feeble, mild mannered, soft, unmanly, 
weak, enervated, emasculated. 

ANT. Manly, robust, vigorous, vi- 
rile, hardy. 

Effervesce. SYN. Boil, bubble, foam, 
mantle, froth, ferment, sparkle, ex- 
plode, bluster. 

ANT. Subside, bear, brook, digest, 
acquiesce, refrain, flatten. 

Effete. SYN. Worn, exhausted, barren, 

ANT. Productive, vigorous, fertile, 
prolific, exuberant. 

Efficacy. SYN. Efficiency, compe- 
tency, virtue, agency, capability, use- 
fulness, energy,productiveness,effect- 

ANT. Inefficiency, inutility, ineffect- 

Efficiency. [See EFFICACY], 

Efficient. [See EFFECTIVE]. 

Effigy. SYN. Statue, figure, represen- 
tation, image. 

ANT. Caricature, misrepresentation, 
distortion, daub. 

Efflorescence. SYN. Budding, luxu- 
riance, outburst, ci-ystallizatiou,gran- 

ANT. Nudity, bareness, denudation, 
defloresceuce, absorption, desiccation. 

Effluence. SYN. Outpouring, emis- 
sion, discharge, abundance, overflow. 

ANT. Refluence, infusion, aosorp. 
tiou, retention, exhaustion. 
Effluvium. SYN. Exhalation, emana- 
tion, malaria, miasma, stink. 

ANT. Ventilation, scent, disinfectant, 
zephyr, balm. 

Effort. SYN. Trial, attempt, endeavor, 

ANT. Failure, misadventure, unsuc- 
cess, frustration, futility, inactivity, 
ease, facility, spontaneity. 
Effrontery. SYN. Barefacedness, im- 
pudence, brass. 

ANT. Modesty,timidity,bashfalne3s, 

Effulgence. SYN. Splendor, lustre., 
brilliancy, luminosity. 

ANT. Darkness, obscuration, ten- 

Effuse. SYN. Copious, effluent, abuu- 

ANT. T^y, scanty, sparing, jejune. 
Effiisioflr SYN. Pouring, discharge, 
emission, effluence, oration, speech, 

ANT. I uf usion, refluence, absorption, 
essay, document, instrument, reading. 
Egotism. SYN. Conceit, vanity, self- 
assertion, self-conceit, self-praise, 
self-exaltation, conceitedness. 

ANT. Considerateuess, deference, 
self-abnegation . 

Egregious. SYN. Remarkable, pecu. 
liar, excellent, consummate. 

ANT. Ordinary, commonplace,every. 
day, mediocre. 

Egress. SYN. Exit, departure, sally, 

ANT. Adit, inlet, approach, avenue, 
Eitlier. ANT. Neither (ne being th 

negative prefix). 

Ejaculate. [See EJACULATION]. 
Ejaculation. SYN. Exclamation, ut- 
terance, cry. 

ANT. Obmutescence, silence,speech- 
lessuess, dumbfoundedness, oration, 
speech, drawl. 

Eject. SYN. Cast, throw, discharge, 
dislodge, emit, thrust out, oust, cast 
out, expel, extrude, evert. 

ANT. Accept, receive, retain, house, 
store, lodge, accommodate, admit, 
welcome, introduce, inject. 
Ejection. [See EJECT]. 
Eke* SYN. Help, increase, augment! 



ANT. Stop, diminish, stint, with- 
hold, drain, exhaust. 
Elaborate. SYN. Execute, forge, pre- 
pare, concoct, mature. 

ANT. Misconceive, mismanage, mis- 
contrive, hit, conjecture, guess, ex- 
temporize, chance. 

Elapse. SYN. Pass, slip, lapse, glide 
away, intervene. 

ANT. Wait, abide, hold, continue, 
halt, endure. 

Elastic. SYN. Ductile, extensile, alter- 
able, resilient, modifiable, flexible, 
buoyant, springy. 

ANT. Tough, unchangeable, rigid, 
inflexible, inelastic, crystallized, dull, 

Elated. SYN. Cheered, joyed, inspir- 
ited, overjoyed, proud, inflated. 

ANT. Depressed, dispirited, disap- 
pointed, abashed, confounded, humil- 
iated, disconcerted, dejected. 
Elder. SYN. Senior, father. 

ANT. Junior, son. 

Elect, a. SYN. Elite, choice, accepted, 

ANT. Rejected. reproba f e. 
Elected, f See ELECTION]. 
Election. SYN. Choice, acceptance, 
selection, preference. 

ANT. Postponement,rejection,repro- 

Electrify. SYN. Astonish, astound, ap- 
pall, thrill, amaze, dumbfounder. 

ANT. Soothe, compose, cairn, mes- 

Elegance. SYN. Beauty, grace, re- 
finement, symmetry, gracefulness, 

ANT. Deformity, awkwardness, in- 
elegance, disproportion, ungraceful- 
ness, coarseness, rudeness. 
Elegant. SYN. Graceful, lovely, well 
formed, well made, symmetrical, ac- 
complished, polished, refined, hand- 

ANT. Inelegant, deformed, unsym- 
metrical, ill-proportioned, ungrace- 
ful, coarse, rude. 

Elegy. SYN. Dirge, threnody, lament, 

ANT. Psean, jubilee. 
Element. SYN. Component, part, 

ANT. Whole, total, mass, aggregate. 
Elementary. SYN. Physical, mate- 
rial, natural, elementary, primary, 

rudimental, simple, inchoate, compo. 
nent, constituent, ultimate. 

ANT. Immaterial, incorporeal, in- 
palpable, compound, collective, aggre- 
gate, developed, organized. 
Elevate. SYN. Raise, dignify, en- 

ANT. Lower, degrade, depress, hum- 
ble, demean , debase. 
Elevation. SYN. Height, rise, rais- 
ing, altitude, loftiness, tallness, im- 
provement, amelioration, tefinement, 
superiority, eminence. 

ANT. Depth, fall, decline, depres- 
sion, shortness, stuntedness, deterior- 
ation, debasement, degradation, in- 

Elicit. SYN. Draw, evoke, educe, 
eliminate, enucleate, express, ex- 
tract, worm, evolve. 

ANT. Insert, implant, introduce, in- 
oculate, insinuate, infuse, instil, in- 
corporate, suggest, extort. 
Eligible. SYN. Capable, suitable, 
worthy, desirable, preferable, choice, 

ANT. Undesirable, worthless,unprof- 
itable, ordinary, indifferent, ineligi- 

Eliminate. SYN. Cast out, exclude, 
eject, reject, elucidate, explain, enu- 
cleate, segregate. 

ANT. Mystify, obscure, involve, 
smuggle, foi?t, import, confound. 
Elision. SYN. Omissio-i. ejection, ex- 
cerption, abridgment, ellipse. 

ANT. Insertion, introduction, im- 
plantation, augmentation, elongation, 

Elliptical. SYN, Suggestive, latent, 
pregnant, significant, allusive, subau- 

ANT. Categorical, full, expository, 
explanatory, declaratory, enunciative. 
Elocution. SYN. Oratory, declama- 
tion, eloquence. 

ANT. Reading, lection, balbutiation. 
Elongation. SYN. Production, ex- 

ANT. Apocope, curtailment. 
Eloquence. [See ELOCUTION]. 
Elucidate. SYN. Explain, clear. 11. 
lustrate, make plain, expound. 

ANT. Mystify, obscure, confuse. 
Elude. SYN. Escape, avoid, baffle, 
shun, eschew, evade, parry, fence, 
mock, frustrate. 


ANT. Encouiiter, meet, confront, 
court, dare, defy. 

jGlusory. SYN. Slippery, intnngible, 
indetaiuable, fugitive, shadowy, un- 

ANT. Persistent, stable, solid. 
Emaciation. SYN. Leanness, atten- 
uation, wasting. 

ANT. Fatness, obesity, corpulence. 
Emanate. SYN. Originate, flow, 
spring, rise, proceed, issue. 

ANT. Terminate, culminate, end, 
eveae, issue, arrive, eventuate. 
Emanation. [See EMANATE]. 
Emancipate. SYN. Liberate, en- 
franchise, rescue. 

ANT. Enthrall, subjugate, enslave, 
bind, disqualify. 

Embalm. SYN. Conserve, preserve, 
treasure, store, enshrine, consecrate. 
ANT. Expose, desecrate, abandon, 

Embargo. SYN. Restraint, detention, 
prohibition, stoppage. 

ANT. Permit, permission,discharge, 
liberation, dismissal, conge. 
Embark. SYN. Launch, eu'er, start. 

ANT. Arrive, anchor, land. 
Embarrass. SYN. Entangle, uiscon- 
cert, trouble, perplex, contuse, ham- 
per, clog, distress, puzzle, encumber. 
ANT. Extricate, liberate, expedite, 
facilitate, accelerate, assist, disen- 

Embellish. [See ADORN]. 
Embezzle. SYN. Appropriate, con- 
fuse, falsify, peculate, misappropri- 

ANT. Square, balance, clear. 
Embitter. SYN. Aggravate, molest. 

ANT. Alleviate, soothe, sweetea. 
Emblazon. [See BLAZON]. 
Emblem. SYN. Device, cognizance, 
sign, token, symbol, representation, 
type, badge, mark. 

ANT. Disguise, decoy, incognito, 
domino, blind, ruse. 
Embody. SYN. Express, methodize, 
systematize, codify, incorporate, ag- 
gregate, integrate, compact, intro- 
duce, enlist, combine. 

ANT. Eliminate, segregate, analyze, 
dissipate, disintegrate, dismember, 
colliquats disband, disembody. 
Embolden. [See ENCOURAGE]. 
Embosomed. SYN. Concealed, en- 

i BMP 

folded, wrapt, enveloped, surrounded, 
begirt, encircled. 

ANT. Exposed, unfolded, open, un- 

Embrace. SYN. Clasp, comprehend, 
include, hug, comprise, contain, close, 
embody, incorporate. 
AKT. Exclude, reject, except. 

Embroider. SYN. Emboss, enrich, 
emblazon, embellish. 
ANT. Botch, patch, cobble, darn. 

Embroil. SIN. Implicate, commingle, 
entangle (in quarrel), disturb, dis- 
tract, trouble. 

ANT. Extricate, separate, remove, 
arrange, compose, pacify. 

Embryo. SYN. Germ, nucleus, rudi- 
ment, origin. 

AIIT. Development, shape, com- 
pletion, maturity. 

Emendation. SYN. Correction, 
amendment, rectification, reforma- 

ANT. Error, defect, incorrectness, 
fault, corruption. 

Emerge. SYN. Escape, issue, evene, 

ANT. Enter, incur, retreat, recede, 

Emergency. SYN. Crisis, conjunc. 
ture, pitch, embarrassment, strait, 
necessity, exigency, casualty, diffi- 

ANT. Bescue, deliverance, solution, 
subsidence, provision, anticipation, 

Emersion. [See IMMERSION]. 

Emigration. SYN. Exodus, coloni- 
zation, flit. 

ANT. Abode, sojourn, settlement, 
stay, domiciliation, immigration. 

Eminence. [See HEIOHT]. 

Eminent. [See HIGH]. 

Eminently. | See HIGHLY]. 

Emission. [See DISCHARGE]. 

Emollient. SYN. Softeuiug, laxative, 
ANT. Astringent, irritant, galling. 

Emolument. [See PROFIT]. 

Emotion. SYV. Passion, feeling, ex- 
citement, agitation, perturbation, 
trepidation, tremor. 

ANT. Indifference, insensibility, im- 
passiveness, imperturbability, stoi- 

Emphatic. SYN. Earnest, forcible 
strong, energetic, impressive, posi- 


tivf , important, special, egregious, 

ANT. Mild, unemphatic, cool, unim- 
passioned, unimportant, ordinary, 
unnoticeable, common-place. 
Empierce. (See PIERCE j. 
Empire. SYN. Dominiou,sovereigiity, 
rule, sway, kingdom, realm. 

ANT. Independence, insurrection, 

Empirical. SYN. Experimental, ten- 
tative, quackif-h. 

ANT. Scientific, regular, inductive, 
uniform, constant. 

Employ. YX. U-e. apply, economize, 
occupy, engage, engross. 

ANT Discard, dismiss, misuse, mis- 

Empower. SYN. Enable, commission, 
encourage, qualify, delegate, warrant, 
sanction, diiect, authorize. 

ANT Hinder, prevent, discourage, 
disable, disqualify. 

Empty. SYN. Vacant, void, clear, un- 
encumbered, unobstructed, unoccu- 
pied, waste,uninhabited,nnfrequented, 
devoid, vacuous, def.titute,unnlled,un- 
furnished, untenanted, evacuated, de- 
ficient, weak, Billy, idle, senseless. 

ANT. Full, occupied, encumbered, 
obstructed, cultivated, colonized, in- 
habited, informed, well-instructed, ex- 
perienced, sensible, significant, forci- 
ble, important, substantial. 
Emulate. SYN. Rival, vie, compete, 

ANT. Disaffect, shun, forego, aban- 
don, despise, contemn, waive. 
Enable. SYN. Empower, strengthen, 

ANT. Disqualify, hinder, disable. 
Enact. [See ACT ami ABROGATE]. 
Eiiamor. SYN. Captivate, fascinate, 
enslave, charm, endear, bewitch, en- 

AST. Repel, disgust, estrange, dis- 
enchant, horrify. 

Encamp. SYN. Settle, pitch, quarter, 

AST. March,decamp, retire, retreat. 
Enchain. SYN. Bind, fetter, manacle, 

ANT. Loose, liberate, extricate, dis- 
enthrall, manumit. 
Enchant. [SeeENAMOR]. 
Encircle. SYN. Surround, environ,in- 
ti, hem, circumscribe,compass.eui- 


brace, gird, engird, hem in, beset, en 

ANT. Disenclose, disencircle, disen- 

Enclose. SYN. Shut, encircle,environ, 
include, circumscribe, envelop, wrap, 

ANT. Open, disclose, exclude, bare, 
diseucircle, expose, develop, disaf- 
forest, disenclose. 

Enclosure. SYN. Fence, ring, limit, 
boundary, park, close,circle,fieJd, pre- 

ANT. Space, common, waste, wild, 
desert, wilderness, void. 
Encomium. SYN. Panegyric, lauda- 
tion, praise, compliment, commenda- 
tion, eulogy. 

A.NT. Vituperation, vilification, ob- 
loquy, taunt, invective. 
Encompass [See ENCIRCLE]. 
Encounter. SYN. Meet, confront, 
face, withstand, attack, assault, com- 
bat, engagement. 

ANT Elude, avoid, escape, miss, 

En, ourage. SYN. Embolden, rally, 
enhearten, cheer, incite, stimulate,fos- 
ter, cherish, promote, urge, impel, ad- 
vance, coui.tenance,forward,reassure, 
animate, inspirit, prompt, abet. 

ANT. Deter, discourage, dissuade, 

Encroach. SYN. Invade, trespass, in- 
trude, transgress, infringe. 

ANT. Respect, recognize, observe. 
Encrust. SYN. Coat,line, plaster,face. 

ANT. Expose, abrade, scrape. 
Encrustation. SYN. Plaster.coating, 
lining, integument. 

ANT. Abrasion, exfoliation, peeling. 
Encumber. SYN. Oppress, obstruct, 
clog, impede. 

ANT. Disencumber, free, disburden. 
Endanger. SYN. Imperil,expose,per 
il, jeopardize, hazard, risk. 

ANT. Cover, defend, protect, shield, 
Endear. SYN. Attach, conciliate, gain. 

ANT. Estrange, alienate, embitter. 
Endearment. [See BLANDISH- 

Endeavor. [See ATTEMPT]. 
Endless. SVN. Interminable, illim- 
itable,, unceasing, bound- 



less, deathless, imperishable, ever- 
lasting, perpetual, eternal, infinite. 

ANT. Terminable, limited, tem- 
porary, brief, transient, periodic, 
ephemeral, fugitive, finite. 

Endow. SYN. Present, enrich, 
furnish, qualify, adorn, invest, supply, 
clothe, endue. 

ANT. Denude, spoliate, strip, dis- 
endow, deprive, divest. 

Endowment. SYN. Gift, provis- 
ion, benefit, benefaction, taleut,capac- 
ity, attainment, qualification. 

ANT. Impoverishment, spoliation, 
disendowment, incapacity, poverty, 

Endue. [See CLOTHE and ENDOW]. 

Endure. JSee LAST and TOLERATE]. 

Enemy. [See FRIEND]. 

Energy. [See ACTIVITY]. 

Enervate. SYN. Weaken, enfeeble, 
unnerve, deteriorate, debilitate, re- 
lax, unstring, unhinge. 

ANT. Strengthen, brace, invigor- 
ate, harden, nerve. 

Enfeeble. [See ENERVATE]. 

Enfold. SYN. Wrap, envelop, en- 
close, embrace, comprise. 
ANT. Unwrap, develop, disclose. 

Enforce. SYN. Urge, compel, re- 
quire, exact, exert, strain. 

ANT. Kelax, waive, forego, remit, 

Enfranchise. SYN. Libernte,qualify. 
ANT. Disfranchise, disqualify. 

Engage. SYN. Promise, undertake, 
vouch, employ, occupy, hire, gain, at- 
tract, enlist, stipulate, pledge, agree, 
buy, adopt, involve. 

ANT. Decline, refuse, withdraw, dis- 
miss, discard, extricate, disengage. 

Engaged. SYN. Occupied, employed, 
selected, intent, chosen, affianced, be- 

ANT. Free, unemployed,disengaged, 

Engagement. (For military sense, 
see BATTLE.) SYN. Promise, pledge, 

ANT. Release from engagement, re- 
lease, liberation. 

Engaging. SYN. Attractive, interest- 
ing, winning. 

ANT. Unattractive, 

Engender. SYN. Generate, produow. 
create, breed, propagate. 

ANT. Stifle, destroy, extinguish, neu- 
tralize, blight, prevent. 

Engird. [See GIRD]. 

Engorge. | See GORGE]. 

Engrave. SYN. Print, imprint, sculp- 
ture, stereotype. 
ANT. Obliterate, erase, levigate. 

Engross. [See ABSORB]. 

Engulf. [See ABSORB]. 

Enhance. [ See DEPRECIATE]. 

Enigmatical. SYN. Puzzling, per- 
plexing, obscure, mystic. 

ANT. Lucid, explanatory, plain, self- 

Enjoin. SYN. Impress,com.mand,com- 
mission, direct, order, ordain, admon- 
ish, appoint, oblige, prescribe. 

ANT. Recall, dispense,remit,absolve, 
release, exonerate, dissuade. 

Enjoy. SYN. Like, relish, possess. 

ANT. Dislike. disrelish.sufl"er,loathe, 
forfeit, lose, tolerate, endure. 

Enkindle. [See KINDLE]. 

Enlarge. SYN. Amplify, expand, aug- 
ment, broaden, swell, stretch out, ex- 
tend, stretch, dilate, increase. 

ANT. Narrow, lessen, contract, re- 
strict, diminish, curtail, reduce. 

Enlighten. SYN. Illumine, edify, in- 
struct, illuminate, inform, teach. 

ANT. Mislead, darken, confound, ob- 
scure, mystify, perplex. 

Enlightened. [See ENLIGHTEN and 

Enlist. SYN. Enter, register, enroll, 
incorporate, embody. 

ANT. Withdraw, erase, expunge, dis- 
miss, disband, disembody. 

Enliven. SYN. Wake, cheer, vivify, 
quicken, invigorate, exhilarate, rouse, 
inspirit, amui-e, excite, animate. 

VNT. Oppress, depress, stupefy,wea- 
ry, tire, paralyze, deaden. 

Enmity. SYN. Discord, hate, hostility, 
malevolence, maliciousness, aversion, 
malignity, ill-feeling, animosity, oppo- 
sition, bitterness, acrimony, asperity. 
ANT. Friendship, love, affection, es- 
teem, friendliness, cordiality. 

Ennoble. SYN. Exalt, dignify, elevate, 
ameliorate, aggrandize. 

ANT. Debase, degrade, deprave, de- 
teriorate, depress. 

Enormity. SYN. Atrocity, perpetra- 
tion, abomination, sin. 

ENO 102 

ANT. Innocence, guiltlessness, clean 
hands, clear conscience. 
Enormous. SYN. Huge, immense, gi- 
gantic, colossal, elephantine, vast, 
gross, monstrous, prodigious. 

ANT. Diminutive, insignificant, triv- 
ial, venial, average, ordinary, regular. 
Enough. STN. Sufficient, ample, plen- 
ty, abundance. 

ANT. Bare, scant, insufficient, inade- 
quate, short. 

Enrage. STN. Provoke, incite, mad- 
den, incense,excite,aggravate,irritate, 
inflame, embitter, infuriate, exasper- 

ANT. Soothe, conciliate,pacify,tame, 
mollify, allay, quiet. 
Enrapture. SYN. Beatify, entrance, 
enchant, fascinate, bewitch, captivate, 
transport, charm, attract, ravish. 

ANT. Disgust, nauseate, torture,hor- 
rify, torment. 

Enrich. STN. Aggrandize, endow, 
store, augment, fertilize, decorate,en- 

ANT. Impoverish, reduce, rob, beg- 
gar, fleece, denude, disfigure. 
Enrobe. STN. Drape, invest. 

ANT. Disrobe, divest. 
Enroll. [See ENLIST.). 
Enrollment. [See ENROLL]. 
Ensconce. [See HIDE]. 
Enshrine. STN. Consecrate, treas- 
ure, embalm, cherish. 

ANT. Expose, desecrate, forget. 
Enslave. STN. Captivate, charm, 
subjugate, enthrall. 

ANT. Eepel, disgust, alienate, es- 
trarge, liberatt. manumit, disen- 

Ensue. STN. Follow, accrue, super- 
vei.e, befall. 

ANT. Precede, threaten, premon- 
Jsh, forewarn. 

Ensure. STN. Fix, determine, se- 
cure, eeal. 

ANT. Imperil, hazard, jeopardize, 

Entail. STN. Bequeath, leave, de- 
volve, demise, involve, necessitate, in- 

ANT. Alienate, supersede, nullify, 
prevent, obviate. 

Entangle. STN. Knot, mat, en- 
trap, ensnare, ravel, implicate, in- 
volve, perplex, embarrass, inveigle, 


ANT. Disentangle, unravel, extrt- 
Enter. STN. Invade, penetrate. 

ANT. Issue, depart, leave, quit, 

Enterprise. [See ADVENTURE]. 
Enterprising. STN. Active, bold, 
daring, adventurous, speculative, 
dashing, venturesome. 

ANT. Inactive, timid, inadventur- 
ous, cautious. 

Entertain. STN. Harbor, main- 
tain, conceive, foster, receive, rec- 
reate, amuse. 

ANT. Eject, exclude, deny, debar, 
annoy, weary, bore, tire. 
Enthrall. [See ENSLAVE]. 
Enthrone. SYN. Crown, install. 

ANT. Depose, dethrone, debase, de- 

Enthusiasm. STN. Excitement, 
frenzy, sensation, inspiration, trans- 
port, rapture, warmth, fervor, fer- 
vency, zeal, ardor, vehemence, pas- 
sion, devotion. 

ANT. Coldness, callousness, indif- 
ference, disaffection, repugnance, 
alienation, contempt. 
Enthusiastic. [See ENTHUSIASM]. 
EKtice. SYN. Allure, seduce, lurej 
tempt, attract, decoy. 

ANT. Deter, warn, hinder, repel. 
Enticing. [See ENTICE]. 
Entire. STN. Whole, complete, un- 
impaired, total, perfect, all, full, solid, 
integral, undiminished. 

ANT. Partial, broken, impaired, in- 

Entirely. [See ENTIRE]. 
Entitle. SYN. Qualify, empower. 
tit, enable, name, style, denominate, 
designate, characterize. 

ANT. Disqualify, disentitle, dis- 
able, not designate, not characterize. 
Entity. STN. Existence, being. 

ANT. Nonentity, chimera. 
Entomb. STN. Bury, inter, inhume. 

ANT. Disinter, exhume. 
Enatrammel. STN. Entangle, im- 
pede, obstruct, hamper, decoy, en- 

ANT. Disentangle, liberate, extri- 
cate, expedite, disentrammel, disen- 

Entrance, n. STN. Introduction, 
opening, entry, iulet, porch, admia* 

sion, penetration, avenue, portal, 
ingress, adit. 

ANT. Exit, egress, departure, de- 

Entrance, r. [See ENnAPTUKE]. 

Entrap. [See ENTBAMMEL]. 

Entreat, v. tr. SYS. Implore, 

obsecrate, beg, beseech, importune, 

crave, solicit, supplicate, pray, ask, 

urge, petition. 

ANT. Command, insist, bid, enjoin. 

Entry. SYN. Entrance, initiation, 
beginning, record, note, minute, reg- 
ister, memorandum. 

ANT. Conclusion, quittance, dis- 
posal, blank, omission, falsification, 
misentry, misrecord. 

Kiit wine. SYN. Lace, convolve, in- 
terlace, weave. 
ANT. Disentwine, dissever. 

Enumerate. SYN. Specify, name, 
number, recount, detail, reckon, com- 
pute, calculate, call over. 

ANT. Confound, Miscount, mis- 

Enunciate. SYN. State, propound, 
pronounce, syllable 

ANT. Mutter, babble, balbutiate, 

Envelop. . [t-eeDEVEiop]. SYN. 
Wrap, enfold, encase, environ, in- 
wrap, enclose, cover. 

ANT. Unwrap, develop, reveal, 
expose, unfold, extract. 

Envelope, n. [Seetwr^L 

Envenom, [see POISON]. 

.Environ. SYN. Surround, hem, in* 
close, encircle, enfold. 
ANT. Disinclose, disenfold. 

Envy. SYN. Grudging, jealousy, 

Ephemeral. SY.V. Transient, eva- 
nescent, fleeting, fugacious, fugitive, 

ANT. Abiding, persistent, perma- 
nent, perpetual, eternal, perennial, 

Epigrammatic. SYN. Pointed, 
terse, graphic, concise, laconic. 

ANT. Diffuse, circumlocutory, point- 

Epitome, [see ABBREVIATION]. 

Equable. SYN. Uniform, regular, 
proportionate, even, smooth, easy. 

ANT. Irregular, desultory, vari 
able, fitful, disjointed, uneasy. 

Equal. SYN. Uniform, commence* 

} ERB 

rate, co-ordinate, adequate, alike 
equivalent, even, equable, sufficient, 
impi 'tial, co-extensive, smooth. 

ANT. [Inequal, incommensurate, in- 
co-ordinate, inadequate, disparate, 

Equality. [See EQUAL]. 

Equanimity. SYN. Calmness, com- 
posure, tranquillity, collectedness, 

ANT. Restlessness, disquiet, pertur- 
bation, impatience. 

Equip. SYN. Accoutre, garnish, in- 
vest, prepare, furnish, arrange. 

ANT. Divest, dismantle, denude, 
despoil, derange. 

Equipage. SYN. Accoutrements, 
trappings, furniture, habiliments, ap- 
paratus, carriage, attendance, reti. 
ANT. Dismantlement, unstateliness, 

Equipment. [See EQUIP]. 

Equipoise. [See BALANCE]. 

Equipollent. [See EQUIVALENT]. 

Equiponderant. [See EQUIPOISE 

Equitable. SYN. Fair, just, propor- 
tionate, impartial, upright, proper, 
reasonable, even-handed, honest. 

ANT. Unfair, unjust, dispropor- 
tionate, partial. 

Equity. [See EQUITABLE]. 

Equivalence. [See EQUIVALENT]. 

Equivalent. SYN. Equiponderant, 
.A NT. Unequal, vmequivalent. 

Equivocal. SYN. Dubious, am- 
biguous, doubtful, double-sided. 
ANT. Uuivocal, plain, direct, clear, 

Eradicate. SYN. Extirpate, abolish, 
extinguish, exterminate, excise, up- 
root, destroy, root out. 

ANT. Implant, import, instil, foster, 
propagate, cherish, encourage. 

Eradication, f See ERADICATE J 

Erase. SYN. Obliterate, efface, ex- 
punge, blot, cancel. 
ANT. Mark, write, delineate. 

Erasure. [SEE ERASE]. 

Erect. SYN. Elevate, raise, establish, 
plant, uplift, construct, build, found, 
institute, set up. 

ANT. Lower, supplant, subvert, der 
press, remove, destroy, demolish. 

Erection. [See ERECT]. 

Erode. [See COUROUE]. 

Err. SYN. Deviate, wander, mistak* 



blunder, misjudge, stumble, stray, go 
astray, misapprehend. 

ANT. Succeed, prosper, correct, rec- 

Errand. STN. Message, commission, 
mission, delegation, charge. 

ANT. Misdelivery, misannounce- 

Erratic. STN. Desultory, aberrant, 
abnormal, flighty, changeful, capri- 

ANT. Regular, normal, methodical, 
calculable, unalterable, steady, unde- 

Erring. STN, Misguided, misled, sin- 
ful, wandering. 
ANT. Virtuous, good, upright. 

Error. SYN. Fault, mistake, blunder, 
falsity, deception, fallacy, untruth, 

ANT. Correction, correctness, truth, 
accuracy, soundness, rectification. 

Erudition. STN. Learning, lore, let- 
ters, scholarship. 

ANT. Illiterateness, duncedom, 

Eruption. STN. Outburst, explosion, 
discharge, eructation, exsumation. 

ANT Absorption, engulfing, en- 
grossment, swallowing, irruption, in- 
burst, devourment. 

Escape. SYN. Elude, decamp, ab- 
scond, fly, flee, evade, avoid. 

ANT. Incur, confront, encounter, 
meet, suffer. 

Escheat. [See CHEAT]. 

Eschew. I See AVOID!. 

Escort. [See CONVOY]. 

Esculent. [See EDIBLE]. 

Esoteric. SYN. Piivate, special, ex- 
acter, advanced. 

ANT. Public, popular, rudimentary, 

Especial. [See SPECIAL] 

Espousal. [See MAHBIAGE], 

Espy. [SeeSpT.]. 

Essay, v. [See ASSAY]. 

Essay, n. [See ASSAT and DISQUISI- 

Essence. STN. Being, life, entity, na- 
ture, substance. 

ANT. Accident, property, addita- 
ment, garb, clothing, surroundings. 

Essential. STN. Innate, inherent, 
requisite, necessary, vital, immanent, 

'vjndispensable, leading. 
' Axi Accidental, qualitative, quan- 

titative, promotive, regulative, in 
duced, imported, adventitious, asci- 
titions, redundant, superfluous. 

Establish. SYN. Plant, fir, settle, 
fouud, demonstrate, organize, confirm, 
institute, prove, substantiate. 

ANT Suppliant, unsettle, break-up, 
disestablish, misstate, confute, refutej 
upset, subvert, presumn, suppose, 
guess, conjecture, surmise. 

Established. [See ESTABLISH]. 

Estate. SYN. Lands, fortune. property, 
possessions, demesne, order, rank, 
condition, freehold, domain. 

ANT. State, community, country, 
waste, chattels, goods, effects. 

Esteem. SYN. Price, value, consider, 
deem, judge, believe, estimate, think, 
regard, affect, appreciate, revere, 
honor, respect, admire, venerate, 
prize, love, like. 

ANT. Disregard, disconsider, dis- 
affect, dislike, undervalue, underrate, 
decry, depreciate. 

Estimable. STN. Amiable, delect- 
able, worthy, good, meritorious, de- 
berviag, lovable, praiseworthy. 

ANT. Un amiable, iiidelec table, un- 
worthy, bad. 

Estimate. [See ESTEEM]. 

Estimatior . [See ESTEEM]. 

Estrange. I See ALIENATE]. 

Esurient. [See STAHVED]. 

Eternal. STN. Infinite, endless, 
everlasting, deathless, imperishable, 
never-dyh.g, ceaseless, ever-living, 
perpetual, undyirg, unceasing. 

ANT. Ephemeral, transient, tem- 
poral, fleeting, evanescent, sublunary. 

Etiquette. SYN. Manners, breed- 
ing, fashion, conventionality. 

ANT. Boorihness, rudeness, misob- 
servance, singulaiity, uon-conform- 

Eulogy. [See PRAISE]. 

Euphonious. SYN. Musical, mellif- 
luous, silvery, sweet-toned. 
ANT. Harsh, dissonant, discordant. 

Euphuism. SYN. Affectation, pe- 
dantry, purism, highflying, finical- 
ity, factitiousness. 

ANT. Simplicity, rusticity, blunt- 
ness, naturalness, mother-tongue, 

Euphuistlc. [See EUPHUISM]. 

Evacuate. SYN. Void, abandon, 


ANT. Occupy, seize, fill, hold. 

Evade. (See ELUDE] 

Evanescent. [See EPHEMERAL], 

Evaporate. SYN. Melt, colliquute, 
liquefy, vaporize, disappear, dissolve, 
exhale, distil. 

ANT. Consolidate, compact,solidify, 
Indurate, crystallize. 

Evaporation. [See EVAPORATE]. 

Evasion. SYN. Prevarication, 
shuffle, fencing, shiit,subterfuge,quib- 
bie, equivocation. 

ANT. Answer, counter-argument, 

Even. SYN. Level, smooth, uniform, 
equable, plain, flush, well-balanced, 

ANT. Inclined, abrupt, rugged, 
variable, uneven. 

Event. SYN. Occurrence, circum- 
stance, episode, adventure, issue, acci- 
dent, result, fact, incident. 

ANT Cause, antecedent, opera- 
tion, inducement, contribution, con- 
vergence, predisposition, tendency. 

Eventful. SYN. Remarkable, mem- 
orable, signal, important, marked, 
noted, critical, stirring, notable. 

ANT. Ordinary, unmarked, unim- 
portant, eventles8,uninteresting, char- 
acterless, trivial. 

Ever. SYN. Always, continually, for- 
ever, eternally, constantly, inces- 
ANT Never. 

Everlasting. SYN. Infinite, end- 
less [See ETERNAL]. 

Everslon. SYN. Evolution, Expli- 

ANT. Inversion, Involution, impli- 

Every. SYN. AIL 
ANT. None. 

Evict. SYN Dispossess, eject. 

ANT. Reinstate, admit, settle, lo- 
cate, lodge. 

Eviction. [See EVICT]. 

Evidence. SYN. Manifestation, at- 
traction, averment, testimony, dep- 
osition, declaration, appearance, 
sign, token, proof, indication, exem- 
plification, illustration. 

ANT. Surmise, conjecture, counter- 
evidence, disproof, refutation, con- 
cealment, suppression, misindication, 

Evident. SYN. Pluin, visible, con- 

105 EXA 

spicuous, manifest, indisputable, ob- 
vious, clear, palpable, incontrovert- 

ANT Doubtful, obscure, question- 
able, uncertain, dubious. 

Evil. SYN 111, noxious, deleterious, 
wrong, bad, mischievous, hurtful, sin- 
ful, unhappy, adverse, unpropitious, 
wicked, corrupt, harmful, unfair, no- 
torious, miserable, sorrowful 

ANT. Wholesome, beneficial, right, 
virtuous, holy, pure, happy, fortu- 
nate, felicitous, joyous, welcome, 
grateful, good. 

Evince. SYN. Exhibit, evidence, 
show, prove, manifest, demonstrate. 
ANT. Suppress, disprove, negative, 

Eviscerate. SYN. Disembowel, draw, 
ANT. Stuff, cram, pad. 

Evoke. SYN. Excite, educe, pro- 
voke, elicit, produce, eliminate, ex- 
tract, summon, call out. 

ANT. Allay, stifle, stop, silence, pre- 
vent, seal. 

Evolution. [See ALTITUDE]. 

Exacerbate. [See EXASPERATE], 

Exact. [See ACCURATE]. 

Exactly. SYN. Precisely, accurately, 

ANT Loosely, inadequately, incor- 
rectly, differently, otherwise. 

Exaggerate. SYN. Amplify, en- 
large, heighten, magnify, overstate, 
overdraw, strain, overpaint, overesti- 

ANT. Disparage, attenuate, palli- 
ate, understate, underestimate, lenity, 
mitigate, soften, qualify, modify. 

Exalt. [See ELEVATE], 

Exalted. [See EXALT]. 

Examine. SYN. Weigh, ponder, in- 
vestigate, perpend, test, scrutinize, 
criticize, prove, study, discuss, in- 
quire, search, ovvjrua-il, explore, ii 

ANT. Discara, conjecture, guew, 
slur, misconsider, misinvestigate. 

Examination. [See INQUIRY], 

Example. SYN. Sample, specimen, 
pattern, model, copy, illustration, in. 
stance, issue, development. 

ANT. Stock material, substanct/, 
law, rule, character, principle, sys- 
tem, quality, case. 

Exanimate. [See INANIMATE]. 

Exasperate. [See AOOBAV^TX]. 


Excavate. SYN. Dig, hollow, trench, 
discover, disirter 

ANT. Bury, fill level, conceal, inter, 

Exceed . [See SURPASS]. 

Exceeding. [See EXCEED]. 

Exceedingly. [See EXCEED] 

Excel. r see SURPASS] . 

Excellence. [See EXCEL]. 

Except, prep. SYK. Excepting, sav- 
ing, without, unless, exclusive of 

Except, v SYN Exclude, save, 
bar, *egre!,'ate, negative 

ANT Count, include, reckon, state, 
classify, propound, affirm, admit. 

Exception. SYN. Qualification, sep- 
aration, exclusion. 

ANT. Statement, rule, class, propo- 

Exceptionable. SYN. Objection- 
able, undesirable. 

ANT Unobjectionable, desirable, 
unexceptionable, exemplary. 

Exceptional. SYN. Kare, peculiar, 
uncommon, irregular, unusual, ab- 

ANT. Common, regular, normal, 
usual, ordinary 

Exceptions. [See CONTENTIOUS]. 

Excess. SYN. Advance, increase, 
abundance, redundancy, superfluity, 
extravagance, surplus, debauchery, 

ANT. Deficiency, failure, short- 
coming, insufficiency, temperance, 

Excessive* SYN. Enormous, un- 
due, exorbitant, overmuch, super- 
abundant, superfluous, unreasonable, 
immoderate, inordinate, extravagant. 
ANT. Insufficient, scant, inade- 

Exchange. [See CHANGE] 

Excision. [See ERADICATION]. 

Excitability. SYN Sensibility, 

sensitiveness, irascibility, irritability. 

ANT. Immobility, imperturbability, 


Excitation. [See ROUSE!. 

Excite. SYN. [See ALLAY]. 

Exclaim. [See EJACULATE], 

Exclude. [See ADMIT]. 

Exclusive. [See EXCLUDE and COM- 

Excogitation, n. A complete cogita- 
tion, (q.v.) SYN. Elaboration, deduc- 

106 EXE 

A.NT. Guess, surmise. 
Excommunicate. SYN. Exclude^ 
banish, bar, eject, black-ball. 

ANT. Admit, readmit, inaugurate, 

Excrescence. SYN. Superfluity, re- 
dundancy, imposthume, tumor. 

ANT Eradication, extirpation, ex- 
cision, levigation, exsection. 
Excruciate. SYN. Agonize, torture, 
torment, rack. 

ANT. Soothe, please, tranquilize. 
Excruciating. [See EXCRUCIATE] 
Exculpate. SYN. Defend, vindicate, 
exonerate, acquit, release. 

ANT. Charge, inculpate, Implicate. 
Excursion. SYN. Trip, ramble, tour, 

journey, jaunt. 

Excursive. [See DISCURSIVE]. 
Excusable SYN, Justifiable, venal, 

ANT. Inexcusable, unpardonable 
Excuse. SYN. Exculpate, absolve,psr- 
don, forgive, over look, condone, i emit, 
indulge, justify, vindicate, defend, ac- 
quit, mitigate, extenuate, release, ex- 
empt, exonerate, 

ANT. Charge, inculpate, condemn, 
sentence, exact, strain, accuse. 
Execrable. SYN. Detestable, loath- 
some, accursed, cursed, villamous,dia- 
ANT. Desirable, eligible,respectable, 

Execrate. [See ABOMINATE]. 
Execration. SYN. Curse, impreca- 
tion, denunciation, anathema, detesta- 
tion, malediction. 

Execute. [See CONSUMMATE]. 
Exemplary. SYN. Laudable, praise- 
worthy, conspicuous, honorable, wary, 
meritorious, worthy, excellent. 

ANT. Detestable, objectionable, ex- 

Exemplify. SYN. Illustrate, mani- 
fest, embody, exhibit, represent. 

ANT. Betray, falsify, misrepresent, 

Exempt. SYN. Free, irresponsible, 
unamenable, clear, liberated, privi- 
leged, absolved. 

ANT Subject, responsible, liable, 

Exemption. SYN. Freedom, immu- 
nity, dispensation, privilege, license. 



ANT. Liability, amenableness, sub- 
jection, responsibility. 
Exercise, v. SYN. Practise, train, cul- 
tivate, develop. 

ANT. Rest, ease, disuse, respite, re- 
lax, recreate. 

Exercise. . SYN. Exertion, use,prac- 
tice, application, training) employ- 
ment, drill. 

ANT. Rest, ease, relaxation, recrea- 

Exertion. SYN. Effort, labor, toil. 
ANT. Relaxation, recreation, rest. 
Exhalation. SYN. Mist, damp, efflu- 

ANT. Absorption,exsiccation,inhala- 

Exhale. SYN. Emit, give out,breathe 
out, evaporate. 

ANT. Inhale, breathe in, Inspire, 

Exhaust. SYN. Empty, spend, con- 
sume, debilitate, waste, void, drain, 
weaken, weary. 

ANT. Fill, replenish, augment, in- 
vigorate, refresh. 
Exhaustion. [See EXHAUST]. 
Exhibit. SYN. Show, manifest. 
evidence, evince, betray, demonstrate, 

ANT. Suppress, conceal, secrete, 
mask, hide. 
Exhibition. SYN. Representation, 

sight. [See PAGEANT]. 
Exhilarate. SYN. Gladden, re- 
joice, inspirit, elate. 

ANT. Depress, dispirit, unnerve, 

Exhort. SYN. Urge, advise, counsel, 
enjoin, incite, animate. 

ANT. Deprecate, dissuade, warn, 

Exhume. [See INTER]. 
Exigency. SYN. Urgency, press- 
ure, emergency, conjuncture, crisis. 

ANT. Provision, preparation, sup- 
ply, rule, course. 
Exile, v. SYN. Banish, relegate. 

ANT. Welcome, reinstate, domesti- 
cate, domiciliate. 
Exile, n. [See BANISHMENT]. 
Existence. SYN. Being, entity, 

ANT. Nonenity, non-existence, 

Exit. [See APPROACH and BORES*]. 
Exonerate. [See EXCULPATE 1. 

Exorbitant. [See EXCESSIVE]. 
Exoteric. [See ESOTERIC J. 
Exotic. [See FOREIGN]. 
Expand. SYN. Swell, dilate, spread, 
extend, open, diffuse, develop, unfold, 
enlarge, amplify. 

ANT. Contract, curtail, attenuate, 
restrict, condense. 

Expanse. SYN. Vast, void, space, 

ANT. Limit, enclosure, confine, 

Expatiate. SYN. Amplify, enlarge, 

ANT. Contract, condense, epit- 
omize, summarize. 
Expatriate. [See BANISH]. 
Expect. SYN. Anticipate, await, 
forecast, forebode, wait for, rely on, 
look for, foresee. 

ANT. Welcome, hail, recognize, 
greet, realize. 
Expectation. SYN. Expectancy, 

trust, confluence. | See HOPE]. 
Expediency. SYH. Utility, advan- 
tage, interest. 

ANT. Inexpediency, disadvantage, 
inutility, detrimeat. 
Expedient. [See EXPEDIENCY], 
Expedite. [See ACCELERATE]. 
Expedition. SYN. Haste, speed, 

ANT. Delay, tardiness, procrasti- 

Expel. [See EJECT]. 
Expend. SYN. Spend, disburse, lay 
out, waste, consume, use. 

ANT. Save, husband, economize. 
Expense. SYN. Price, cost, charge, 
payment, expenditure, outlay. 

ANT. Income, profit, receipt. 
Expensive. SYN. Costly, valuable, 
rich, high-priced, dear, extravagant. 

ANT. Cheap, worthless, poor, eoo 

Experience, v. SYN. Try, feel, un- 
dergo, encounter, endure. 

ANT. Evade, escape, miss, lose. 

Experience, n. SYN. Experiment, 

trial, test, proof, habit, knowledge. 

ANT. [ See TRIAL]. 

Experienced. SYN. Skilled, prac- 
ticed, familiar, accustomed, conver- 

ANT. Inexperienced, strange, un- 

EXP 108 

Experiment. SYN. Trial, illustra- 
tion, test, exemplification. 

ANT. Conjecture, assumption, hy- 

Expert. [See CLEVER]. 

Expiate, f See ATONEMENT). 

Expire. [See DIE and TERMINATE]. 

Explain. SYN. Expound, teach, illus- 
trate, clear up, interpret, elucidate, 

ANT. Mystify, obscure, darken, be- 
wilder, misinterpret. 

Explanation. SYN. Exposition, ex- 
plication, interpretation, sense, de- 

ANT. Mystification, obscuration, 
confusion, misinterpretation. 

Explanatory. (See EXPLAIN]. 

Explication. [See EXPLANATION], 

Explicit* STN. Plain, detailed, inob- 
scure, declaratory, categorical, stated, 
distinctly stated, express, definite, 

ANT. Implicit, implied, hinted, sug- 
gestive, obscure. 

Explode. [See BURST]. 

Exploit. L See ACHIEVEMENT J. 

Explore. [See EXAMINE]. 

Explosion. [See EXPLODE]. 

Exponent. SYN. Interpreter, pro- 
pound* r, advocate, representative. 

ANT. System, opinion, creed, prin- 

Expor~ t>iN. S lip. produce. 
ANT. Import, consume. 

Expos< , {'lee CONCEAL]. 

Expose d. SYN. Unprotected, un- 
guarde \ 61* langered, defenseless. 

ANT. Guarded, defended, pro- 

Exposition. [See EXPONENT and 

Expositor. [See EXPONENT]. 

Expository. [See EXPLANATORY]. 

Expostulate. SYN. Object, remon- 
ANT. Coincide, abet. 

Expound. [See EXPLAIN]. 

Express, v. SYN. [See ENUNCIATE 
and STATE]. 

Express, a. SYN. Specific, pointed, 
ANT. General, vague, leisurely. 

Expression. SYN. Countenance, 
'ook, indication, phrae. term. 
ANT. Face, features, lineament, 


falsification, misslatement, solecism, 
enigma, suppression. 

Expulsion. fSee EXPEL]. 

Expunge. SYN. Efface, obliterate, 
erase, cancel, blot out. 
ANT. Write, delineate, mark, trace. 

Expurgation. [See ABSTERGE]. 

Exquisite. SYN. Choice, rare, re- 
fined, delicate, perfect, matchless, in- 
tense, consummate, delicious. 
ANT. Common, coarse, ordinary. 

Exquisitely. [See EXQUISITE]. 

Exsufflation. SYN. Ebullition, 
eruption, eructation. 

ANT. Absorption, inhalation, gorge- 
ment, deglutition. 

Exsuscitate. [SeeSusciTATE]. 

Extant. SYN. Existent, surviving, cur- 
rent, forthcoming, present. 
ANT. Defunct, lost, obsolete, past 

Extempore. SYN. Offhand, unpre- 

ANT. Studied, prepared, premedi- 

Extend. SYN. Prolong, stretch, ex- 
pand, enlarge, increase, augment, 
reach, spread, amplify, avail, apply. 

ANT. Curtail, contract, restrict, nar- 
row, limit, recur, return, miss, fail. 

Extensile. [See EXTEND and DUC- 

Extension. [See EXTEND and 

Extensive. [See SPACIOUS]. 

Extent. SYN. Degree, distance, quan- 
tity, space, size. 

ANT. Diminution, restriction, limit- 

Extenuate. STN. Mitigate, qualify, 
ANT. Aggravate, heighten, enhance. 

Exterior. SYN. Outside, surface,face, 
aspect, phase. 
ANT. Interior, heart, core. 

Exterior, a. SYN. Outer, outward, 
external, on the outside, foreign. 

ANT. Inner, inward, internal, do- 

Exterminate. [See EXTERMINA- 

Extermination. STN. Eradication, 
extirpation, abolition, destruction. 

ANT. Settlement, replenishment, 
augmentation, colonization, popula- 
tion, propagation, increase. 

External. STN. Outer, exterior, ap- 


parent, manifest, superficial, visible, 

ANT. Inner, internal, inappareut, 
hidden, inmost, intestine. 

Extinction. SYN. Destruction, sti- 
fling, suffocation, death, cessation, 
annihilation, obsolescence. 

ANT. Origination, inception, plant- 
ing, birth, fife, course, operation, ac- 
tion, exercise, prosperity, continu- 
ance, survival. 

Extinguish. SYN. Abolish, destroy, 
extirpate, eradicate, kill, quench, an- 
nihilate, put out. 

ANT. Implant, replenish, cherish, 
promote, invigorate, propagate, es- 
tablish, confirm, secure. 

Extirpate. ( 8 >e ERADICATE]. 

Extol. [SeePKAisEj. 

Extort. SYN. Wring, despoil, fleece, 
exact, express, squeeze out, wrench, 
wrest, extract. 
ANT. Coax, wheedle, cajole, cheat. 

Extortionate. SYN. Hard, close- 
fisted, severe, rigorous, exorbitant, 
preposterous, monstrous, exacting. 

ANT. Liberal, indulgent, bountiful, 
reasonable, fair, moderate. 

Extract. SYN. Draw, educe, elicit, 
cite, excerpt, select, take out, gather, 
quote, collect, extol. 

ANT. Replace, insert, restore, im- 
pose, incorporate, reinsert. 

Extraneous. SYN. Extrinsic, exter- 
nal, foreign, outside, alien, uncon- 
nected, unrelated, ascititious, adven- 

ANT. Intrinsic, internal, vital, con- 
nected, essential. 

Extraordinary. SYN. Unwonted, 
uncommon, peculiar, unusual, un- 
precedented, wonderful, marvelous, 
prodigious, monstrous, remarkable, 
strange, preposterous. 

ANT. Wonted, common, usual, or- 
dinary, frequent, unremarkable, un- 

Extravagance. SYN. Waste, waste- 
fulness, prodigality, profusion. 
ANT. Carefulness. tSee ECONOMY]. 

Extravagant. SYN.Wild,monstrous, 
preposterous, absurd, prodigal, waste- 
ful, reckless, excessive,lavi8h,profuse, 

ANT. Sound, sober, consistent, ra- 
tional, fair, economical, frugal, care- 
ful, regular, usual. 

109 FAO 

Extreme. SYN. Terminal, final, re- 
mote, utmost, farthest, ln*t, extrava- 
gant, immoderate, most violent, dis- 
tant, ultimate. 

ANT. Initial, primal, moderate, ju- 

Extremity. SYN. End, termination, 
close, conclusion. 

ANT. Beginning, commencement, 
opening, origin, body, centre, bulk. 
Extricate. I See INVOLVE]. 
Intrinsic. [See EXTBANEOUS]. 
Extrude. SYN. Thrust out, eject, ex- 

ANT. Intrude, insert, introduce. 
Exuberant. [See ABUNDANT], 
Exudation. SYN. Ooze, drip, perco* 

ANT. Absorption, aridity, parching. 
Exude. [See EXUDATION]. 
Exult. | See EXULTANT]. 
Exultant. SYN. Rejoicing, elated, 
jubilant, joyous, triumphant. 

ANT. Mournful, depressed, dispir- 

Exultation. SYN. Transport,delight, 
triumph, joy, ecstasy. 
ANT. Mourning, depression. 

FABLE. SYN. Apologue, fiction, par- 
able, allegory, romance, invention, 
fabrication, untruth, novel, falsehood. 
ANT. History, narrative, fact. 

Fabric. SYN. Work, construction, edi- 
fice, tissue, structure, web, texture. 

ANT. Destruction, dismantlement, 
demolition, fragment, wreck, tatters, 
ruin, rags, shreds. 

Fabricate. SYN. Construct, make, 
form, forge, invent, falsify, manu- 
facture, produce, frame, devise, coin, 

ANT. Demolish, tear, spoil, lacerate, 
dismember, destroy, narrate, copy, 
represent, portray, repeat. 

Fabulous. SYN. Fictitious, incredi- 
ble, feigned, imaginary, pretended, 
false, monstrous. 

ANT. Actual, real, historic, authen- 
tic, reasonable, fair. true. 

Face. [See ASPECT]. 

Facetious. SYN. Witty, funny, hu- 
morous, jocular, waggish, playful, 
droll, jocose. 
ANT. Heavy, matter-of-fact, dulL, 

FAC 110 

grave, serious, lugubrious, sombre, 

Facile. SYN. Docile, tractable, man- 
ageable, indulgent, weak, irreso- 
lute, easy, affable, flexible, character- 
less, pliable. 

ANT. Sturdy, obstinate, determined, 
resolute, pig-headed,crusty,inflexible, 
self-willed, independent, self-reliant. 

Facilitate, f See FACILE and EXPE- 

Facility. STN. Ease, address, readi- 
ness, quickness, adroitness, dexterity, 

ANT. Labor, effort, awkwardness, 

Facinorons. [See ATROCIOUS], 

Fact. STN. Truth, deed, occurrence, 
certainty, circumstance, event,reality. 
ANT. Fiction,supposition,falsehood, 
unreality, lie, delusion, chimera, in- 
vention, romance. 

Faction. [See CABAL]. 

Factious. STN. Oppositions, excep- 
tions, litigious, crusty, malcontent,ad- 

ANT. Agreeable, genial,complaisant, 
amenable, loyal, public-spirited, har- 
monious, co-operative, auxiliary,sym- 

Factitious. STN. Artificial, affected, 
euphuistic, conventional, cramped, 
finical, ascititious, spurious, 

ANT. Natural, unaffected, genial, 
truthful, genuine, pure. 

Faculty. [See CAPABILITY]. 

Facuiidity. [See ELOQUENCE]. 

Fade. SYN. Fall, fail, decline, sink, 
droop, dwindle, vanish, change, pale, 
bleach, set, etiolate. 

ANT. Kise, increase, grow, bloom, 
flourish, abide, stand, last, endure. 

Fading, Faded, v. [See FADE]. 

Fag. STN Work, toil, slave, drudge. 

ANT. Bask, idle, lounge, dawdle, 

Fail. SYN. Fall, miss, miscarry, fall 
short, trip, lose. 

ANT. Succeed* exceed, surpass, ex- 
cel, achieve, abound, yield. 

Pain. adj. and adv. [See GLAD and 

Faint. STN. Weak, languid, fatigued, 

unenergetic, timid, irresolute, feeble, 

exhausted, half-hearted, obscure,dim, 

pale, faded, inconspicuous. 

A*T. Strong, vigorous, energetic, 


fresh, daring, resolute, prominent, 
marked, conspicuous, glaring. 
Fair. STN. Open, clear, spotless, un- 
spotted, untarnished, reasonable, un- 
blemished, serene, beautiful, just, 
honorable, equitable, impartial. 

ANT. Lowering, dull, foul, disfig- 
ured, ugly,unfair,dishonorable,fraud- 

Fairly. [See FAIB]. 
Fairness. [See FAIR]. 
Faith. [See BELIEF]. 
Faithful. STN. True, firm, attached, 
loyal, accurate, close, consistent, cor- 
respondent, exact, equivalent, stauneh, 

ANT. False, fickle, capricious, wa- 
vering, inaccurate, untrue, faithless, 
Faleation, Falciform. [See 


Fall. SYN. Drop, descend, droop, de- 
cline, gravitate, sink, lapse. 

ANT. Kise, ascend, soar, mount, re- 
cover, climb. 

Fallacy. STN. Sophistry, error, blun- 
der, misconception, bugbear, fiction, 
delusioQ, chimera. 

ANT. Truth, verity, fact, iOgic.argu- 
ment, soundness, proot, postulate, ax- 

Fallible. SYN. Erring, uncertain, ig- 
norant, weak. 

ANT. Infallible, certain, omniscient, 

Fallow. STN. Quiescent, idle, uncul- 
tivated, unproductive, uutilled. 

ANT. Cultivated, worked, tilled, 
sown, productive, operative, prolific, 

False. STN. Untrue, erroneous, falla- 
cious, sophistical, spurious, deceptive, 
fabrication, counterfeit, mendacious, 
sham, mock, bogus, unfaithful, fib, 
falsity, fiction, dishonorable, faithless. 
ANT. True, correct, sound, conclu- 
sive, authentic, real, genuine, candid, 
honorable, faithful. 

Falsehood. STN. Untruth, error, fal- 
lacy, sophistry, deception, forgery,lie, 

ANT. Truth, correctness, verity,fact, 
authenticity, genuineness, honesty, 
honor, reality. 

Falsify. STN. Mistake, misinterpret, 
misrepresent, belie, betray, garble, 




ANT. Verify, correct,rectify,certify, 
beck, justify, exhibit, publicate, ex- 
iose, declare. 

fewlter. SYN. Halt, hesitate, hobble, 
slip, dubitate, stammer, demur, waver, 
flinch, vacillate. 

ANT. Proceed, run, speed, flow, dis- 
course, determine, persevere, resolve, 

Fame. SYN. Beport, rumor, bruit, 
news, tidings, renown, glory, honor, 
laurels, celebrity, reputation, credit. 

ANT. Silence, suppression, hush, dis- 
grace, dishonor, disrepute. 

Familiar. SYN. Household, com- 
mon, free, frank, affable, every-day, 
well-acquainted, accustomed, conver- 
sant, ictimate. 

ANT. Uncommon, rare, strange, ex- 
traordinary, unaccustomed, unac- 
quainted, new, inconversant, unfamil- 

Family. [See ^AMTLIAB]. 

Famous. SYN. Renowned, glorious, 
celebrated, illustrious, far-famed. 

ANT. Unknown, obscure, unsung, 

Fail . f See ALLAY]. 

Fanatic. SYN. Enthusiast, bigot, vis- 
ionary, zealot. 
ANT. Skeptic, unbeliever, cynic. 

Fanatical. [See FANATICISM], 

Fanaticism. SYN. Frenzy, enthusi- 
asm, superstition, bigotry. 

ANT. Indifference, latitudinarian- 
ism, disbelief, profanity, disregard, 
skepticism, coldness, cynicism. 

Fanciful. SYN. Grotesque, chimeri- 
cal, unreal, imaginary, quaint, eccen- 
tric, freakish, humorsome, erroneous, 
capricious, whimsical, erratic, absurd, 

ANT. Natural, literal, regular, real, 
sober, ordinary, truthful, accurate, 
correct, orderly, calculable. 

Fancy. SYN. Thought, belief, idea, 
supposition, imagination, caprice, no- 
tion, conceit, vagary, inclination, 
whim, humor, predilection, desire. 

ANT. Object, subject, fact, reality, 
order, law, truth, system, verity, aver- 
sion, horror. 

Fantastic. fSee FANCIFUL]. 

Fantasy. [See FANCY]. 

Far. [See DISTANT], 

Farcical. SYN. Ludicrous, comic, 
funny, nonsensical, droll, pantomimic. 

ANT. Grave, serious.solemn, dismal, 
tragical, funereal, ghastly. 

Fare. v. SYN. Do, live, feed, subsist, 

ANT. Toil, fast, fail, droop, sink, 
drop, faint, halt, falter. 

Fare. n. SYN. Provision, passage- 

ANT. Starvation, famine, absti- 
nence, pauperism, mendicity. 

Fascinate. [See BEWITCH]. 

Fascination. [See FASCINATE]. 

Fashion. SYN. Form, shape, guise, 
style, appearance, character, figure, 
mould, mode, custom, practice, usage, 
manner, way, ceremony. 

ANT. Person, work, dress, speech, 
formlessness, shapelessness, derange- 
ment, eccentricity, strangeness, out- 

Fast. SYN. Firm, secure, fixed, con- 
stant, steadfast, stab1e,unyieldiug, tin- 
swerving, rapid, accelerated, wild, 
reckless, dissipated, pay. 

ANT. Loose, insecure, slow, tardy, 
steady, sober, virtuous. 

Fasten. SYN. Secure, hold, compact, 
tie, bind, join, unite, affix, annex, 
grapple, attach, fix. 

ANT. Undo, loose, sever, relax, de- 
tach, remove, unfasten. 

Fastidious. SYN. Critical, over-nice, 
over-refined, censorious puuctillious, 
particular, squeamish, dainty. 

ANT. Easy, indulgent, uncritical, 
coarse, omnivorous. 

Fat. SYN. Corpulent, fleshy, brawny, 
pursy, rich, luxuriant, portly, stout, 
fertile, unctuous, obese, oleaginous. 

ANT. Lean, slender, attenuated, 
emaciated, barren, poor, scant, raar- 
rowless, exsanguineous, anatomical. 

Fatal. SYN. Calamitous, deadly, de- 
structive, mortal, lethal. 

ANT. Beneficial, wholesome, nutri- 
tious, vitalizing, salubrious, restora- 
tive, slight, superficial, harmless. 

Fate. SYN. Necessity, destiny, lot, 
end, fortune, doom. 

ANT. Will, choice, decision, free- 
dom, independence. 

Fathom. SYN. Gauge, pierce, meas- 
ure, sound, probe. 

ANT. Survey, glance, scan, over- 
look, miss, graze, skim. 

Fathomless. SYN. Bottomless, pro- 
found, abysmal. 

FAT 112 

ANT. Superficial, shallow, skin-deep. 
fatigue, n. SYS. Weariness, languor, 
enervation, exhaustion, lassitude. 

ANT. Freshness, vigor, activity, 

Fatigue, v. SYN. Harass, -weary, tire, 
ANT. Inspirit, refresh, animate, en- 


Fatuity. SYN. Folly, imbecility, 
idiotcy, infatuation. 

ANT. Wisdom, sense, soundness, 
discernment, sobriety. 

Fatuous. [See FATUITY]. 

Fault. SYN. Defect, error, imperfec- 
tion, flaw, misdeed, failure, omission, 
want, drawback. 

ANT. Sufficiency, correctness, com- 
pleteness, perfection. 

Faultless. SYN. Complete, perfect, 
correct, accurate, stainless, blame- 

ANT. Incomplete, imperfect, incor- 
rect, inaccurate,defective, corrupt, er- 
roneous, faulty. 

Faulty. [See FAULT]. 

Favor. SYN. Permission, grace, con- 
cession, predilection, gift, civility, 
benefit, kindness, good-will, regard, 
condescension,prefurence,boon, coun- 
tenance, patronage. 

ANT. Refusal, denial, prohibition, 
disfavor, withdrawal, withholding, 
frowu, disapproval, injury, discounte- 

Favorable. SYN. Permissive, indul- 
gent, propitious, concessive, partial, 
fond, liberal, advantageous, auspi- 
cious, friendly. 

ANT. Rei'actant, nnpropitious, un- 
favorable, impartial. 

Favoritism. SYN. Partiality, iu- 

ANT. Odium, nrejudice, antipathy. 

Fa\vii upon. S N. Flatter, wheedle, 
cajole, cringe, palaver, slaver 

ANT. Insult, deride, satirize, cen- 
sure, rebuke, reprimand, defy, dare. 

Fealty. [See FIDELITY]. 

Fear. SYN. Apprehension, solicitude 
alarm, fright, dread, terror, trepida- 
tion, dismay, consternation, misgiv- 
ing, horror, timidity, awe. 

ANT. Assurance, confidence, cour- 
age, fearlessness, trust, boldness. 

Fearful. SYN. Timid, hesitating, ter- 
rible, awful, apprehensive, frightful, 


shocking, terrific, afraid, horrible, 

ANT. Bold, venturesome, confident, 
audacious, consolatory, inspiriting, 
assuring, alluring, attractive, hope- 
ful, inviting. 

Fearless. [ See COURAGEOUS]. 

Feasible. SYN. Possible, manageable, 
coutrivable, permissible, practicable. 
ANT. Impossible, unallowable. 


Featly. [See FEAT]. SYN. Neatly, 
cleverly, dexterously, adroitly. 
ANT. Clumsily, hardly, bunglingly. 

Feature. SYN. Component, element, 
characteristic, indication, portion, 
mark, lineament, sign. 

ANT. Whole, system, countenance, 
case, arrangement. (Here the anto- 
nym is the Correlative.) Misindica- 
tion, falsification, excrescence, blind, 
mask, disguise. 

Federation. [See CONFEDERACY]. 

Feeble. SYN. Wretched, weak, poor, 
frail, debilitated. dull,forceless, puny, 
nerveless, enfeebled, enervated,faint, 
infirm, incomplete, vain, fruitless, 
scanty, pitiable. 

ANT. Strong, robust, active, effec- 
tive, successful, abundant. 

Feeling. SYN. Touch, sensation, con- 
tact, pathos, tenderness, impression, 
consciousness, sensibility, emotion, 
sentiment, passion, sensitiveness. 

ANT. Insensibility, callousness. Im- 
perturbability, inexcitabil ty, cold- 
ness, insensateness. 

Feign. [See PRETEND]. 

Feint. [See FEI-JN]. 

Felicitate. [See CONGRATULATE]. 

Felicitous. SYN. Happy, timely, 
successful, opportune, joyou. 

ANT. Unfortunate, unhappy, un- 
timely, unsuccessful, disastrous, inop- 
portune, sad. 

Felicity. I See FELICITOUS]. 

Fell. SYN. Cruel, barbarous, inhuman, 
savage, bloody, direful, merciless, pit- 
iless, ruthless, remorseless,relentles, 
fierce, truculent. 

ANT. Generous, chivalrous, hu- 
mane, lenient, propitious. 

Fell. SYN. Cut, level, prostrate, de- 
molish, subvert, waste, bare. 

ANT. Plant, erect, support, propa- 
gate, stock, upraise, rear. 

Fellow. &YN. Companion, adherent- 



mate, equal, compeer, comrade, col- 
league, member, match, tally, correla- 
tive, partner, friend, associate. 

ANT. Foe, opponent, stranger, mis- 
match, opposite, antagonist. 

Fellowship. s\s. Association, 
membership, company, partnership, 
sociality, brotherhood, familiarity, 
intimacy, society, acquaintance. 

ANT. Severance, disconnection, dis- 

Felonious. FSee CRIMINAL], 

Feminine. STN. Delicate, womanly, 
tender, modest, soft. 

ANT. Robust, manly, indelicate, 
rude, rough, unfeminine. 

Fence. STN. Circumscribe, enclose, 
protect, elude, parry, stave. 

ANT. Open, disenclose, catch, re- 
ceive, suffer. 

Ferine. [See SAVAOE]. 

Ferment. SYN. Seethe, concoct,brew, 
warm, chafe, effervesce, rankle, fes- 

ANT. Damp, cool, dissipate, sub- 
side, disperse, evaporate, heal. 

Ferocity. [See FIERCENESS], 

Fertile. SYN. Rich, luxuriant, teem- 
iug, productive, exuberant, causative, 
conducive, pregnant, fraught,prolific, 
fecund, fruitful, ingenious, invent- 

ANT. Poor, sterile, barren, unpro- 
ductive, ineffective, inconducive,fruit- 
less, inoperative, uuinventive, un- 

Fervor. [See ARDOR], 

Fester. [See FERMENT]. 

Festive. SYN. Convivial, jovial, gay, 

ANT. Solitary, deserted, ascetic, 

Festivity. [See FESTIVE]. 

Fetch. [See BRING], 

Fetid. SYN. Stinking, corrupt, foul. 

ANT. Inodorous, fresh, perfumed, 
scented, balmy. 

Fetter. SYN. Manacle, hinder, re- 
strain, clog, impede, shackle. 

ANT. Free, liberate, expedite, ac- 

Feud. SYN. Fray, affray, broil, con- 
tention, enmity, antipathy, animosity, 
quarrel, strife, bitterness, dissension, 

ANT. Friendliness, sympathy, con- 

geniality, clanship, pacification, recon- 
ciliatiou, sociality, ueighborliness,. 

Fever. SYN. Heat, ardor, fervor, 
broil, flush, ferment, passion. 

ANT. Coolness,composure, frigidity, 
iciuess, indifference. 

Few. SYN. Scant, rare, lacking. 
ANT. Many, abundant, numerous. 

Fibre. SYN. Strength, sinews, thews, 
ANT. Laxity, debility, flabbiness. 

Fickle. SYN. Fanciful, fitful, capri- 
cious, irresolute, changeable, vacil- 
lating, mutable, unreliable, veering, 
shifting, variable, restless, inconstant, 

ANT. Sober, orderly, reliable, welt 
regulated, calculable, trustworthy, 
steady, uniform. 

Fiction. SYN. Invention, fabrica- 
tion, creation, figment, fable, false- 
hood, romance, myth. 
ANT. Fact, truth, verity, reality. 

Fictitious. SYN. Unreal, supposi. 
tious, spurious, imaginary. 

ANT. Real, true, historical, genu- 
ine, authentic, veritable. 

Fidelity. SYN. Fealty, attachment, 
truthfulness, allegiance, accuracy, 
closeness, exactness, faithfulness, in- 
tegrity, loyalty, honesty. 

ANT. Treachery, disloyalty, disaf- 
fection, untruthfulness, inaccuracy, 
inexactness, infidelity. 

Field. SYN. Ground, scope, province, 
arena, scene, opportunity, room. 

ANT. Circumscription, constraint, 
exclusion, debarment, interdiction, 

Fiendish. [See ANGELIC]. 

Fierce. SYN. Wild, savage, violent, 
raging, fiery, furious, impetuous, fe- 

ANT. Mild, tame, docile, harmless, 
calm, gentle. 

Fierceness. [See FIERCE]. 

Fiery. SYN. Hot, vehement, ardent, 
fervent, fierce, passionate, irascible, 
choleric, excited, enkindled, glowing, 
fervid, impassioned, irritable, hot- 

ANT. Cold, icy, indifferent, phleg- 
matic, passionless, unimpassioned, 
mild, quenched, extinguished, tame. 

Fight. SYN. Battle, contention, strug* 
gle, conflict, combat, contest, action, 
engagement, encounter. 
ANT. Pacification, reconciliation. 




Figurative. SYN. Metaphorical, po- 
etical, tropical, rhetorical, symboli- 
cal, typical, emblematical. 

ANT. Literal, prosaic, unpoetical, 

Figure. SYN. Aspect, shape, emblem, 
type, image, condition, appearance, 
form, symbol, metaphor, likeness, de- 
lineation, illustration. 

ANT. Misrepresentation, deformity, 

Filch. [See CABBAGE]. 

File. STN. Rasp, polish, smooth, fin- 
ish, perfect, improve, refine. 

ANT. Roughen, jag, denticulate, 
acuminate, barb, cusp, notch. 

Filiation. [See AFFILIATION]. 

Fill. STN. Replenish, content, supply, 
satisfy, gorge, glut, occupy, appoint, 
etuff, store, rise, swell, grow, expand, 

ANT. Exhaust, deprive, drain, dis- 
eatisfy, stint, vacate, misappoint, sub- 
side, shrink, ebb, evaporate, diminish. 

Filter. SYN. Strain., percolate, refine, 
distil, ooze, exude, leak, depurate, 
defecate, clarify. 

ANT. Befoul, muddle, disturb, thick- 

Filthy. SYN. Dirty, nasty, dingy, im- 
pure, unclean, squalid, foul. 
ANT. Pure, sweet, clean. 

Filtration. [See FILTER], 

Fiinbriated. SYN. Fringed, tasselled, 
ANT. Bound,hemmed,unfringed,sel- 

Flnal. SYN. Terminal, last, latest,con- 
clusive, definite, developed, ultimate, 

ANT. Initiative, open, unconcluded, 
progressive, continuous, current, in- 
cipient, inaugural, inchoate, rudi- 
mental, nascent. 

Finality. [See FINAL]. 

Find. SYN. Meet, confront, ascertain, 
experience, perceive, discover, fur- 
nish, invent. 

ANT. Miss, elude, overlook, lose, 
withhold, withdraw, miscontrive. 

Fine. SYN. Thin, minute, slender, deli- 
cate, pure, smooth, filmy, gaozy,keen, 
artistic, choice, finished, high, granrl, 
noble, sensitive, refined, generous, 
honorable, ex.^ellent, superior, pre- 
>retty, beautiful, 

showy, elegant, ostentatious, presump 
tuous, nice, casuistical, subtle. 

ANT. Coarse, large, rough, blunt, 
rude, unfinished, mean,petty,illiberal, 
unimposing,paltry,modest, unaffected, 
affable, categorical, plain-spoken, un- 
analyticai, unreflective, indissectlve. 
Finery. SYN. Over-ornament,tawdri- 
ness, tinsel, gewgaw, trinkets, trash, 
dressiness, bedizenment. 

ANT. Ornament, dress, decoration, 
adornment, chastity, simplicity, sobri- 

Finical. SYN. Affected,over nice, dan- 
dyish, dallying, foppish, spruce, fac- 
titious, euphuistic. 

ANT. Unaffected, .effective, practi' 
cal, energetic, real, genuine, natural, 
outspoken, blunt, coarse, rude. 
Finish. SYN. Complete, perfect, ac- 
complish, conclude, achieve, end, 
shape, terminate. 

ANT. Begin, commence,start,under- 
take, fail, miscoutrive, mismanage, 
botch, mar. 

Finished. SYN. Artistic, perfect, re- 
fined, high. 

ANT. Inartistic, incomplete, rude, 
poor, coarse, unfinished. 
Finite. SYN. Limited, bounded, termi- 
nable, restricted. 

ANT. Uuiimited.unbounded, infinite. 
Fire. [See FIERY]. 
Firm. SYN. Fast, secure, strong,stead- 
fast, solid, stable, established, rooted, 
immovable, robust, uushaken,sturdy, 
resolute, determined, fixed, decided, 

ANT. Loose, insecure, weak, ill- 
rooted, tottering, vacillating, irreso- 
lute, ductile, exorable, indulgent, dis- 
affected, wavering, unreliable. 
First. SYN. Leading,primary,pristine, 
original, foremost, primitive, princi- 
pal, primeval, highest, chief, earliest, 

ANT. Subsequent, secondary, subor- 
dinate, subservient, lowest, unimpor- 
tant, last, hindmost. 
Fit. SYN. Decent, befitting, meet, apt, 
fitting, adapted, seemly, appropriate, 
becoming, decorous.qualified, congru- 
ous, peculiar, particular, suitable.pre- 
pared,adequate, calculated, contrived, 
expedient, proper, ripe. 

ANT. Awkward, ungainly,misfitting, 
ill-euited, unseemly, inappropriate, 

FIT 115 

unsuitable, unprepared, Inadequate, 
miscalculated, miscontrived, inexpe- 
dient, improper, unfit. 

Fitful. SY.V. Capricious, fickle, un- 
stable, restless, inconstant, mutable, 
impulsive, desultory, fanciful, une- 
qual, irregular. 

ANT. Regular, equable, systematic, 
orderly, calculable. 

Fitness [See FIT]. 

Fitting [See FIT]. 

Fix. SFN. Place, settle, fasten, link, lo- 
cate, attach, consolidate, tie, plant, 
root, establish, secure, determine, de- 

ANT. Displace, unsettle, disarrange, 
remove, uproot, transfer, transplant, 
disestablish, weaken, shake, reverse, 
disturb, change, unfix. 

Flaccid. SYN. Flabby, limber, lax, 

ANT. Firm,muscular,braced,plump, 
chubby, brawny, 

Flag. SYN. Droop, pine, weary, tire, 
give in, faint, succumb, languish, de- 

ANT. Hold, freshen, flourish, perse- 
vere, battle, struggle, persist, recruit, 

Flagitious. SYN. Facinorons. atro- 
cious, enormous, monstrous, disgrace- 
ful, nefarious, scandalous, flagrant, 
heinous, aggravated, 

ANT. Noble, creditable, honorable, 
meritorious, distinguished, pardon- 
abie, ju>tifiable.excusable,extenuated. 

Flagrant [See FLAGITIOUS], 

Flaring. SYN. Flaming, glaring.con- 
spicuous, gaudy, bright, over-colored, 
flaunting, flashy, showy, tawdry, os- 

ANT. Toned, subdued, harmonized, 
dull, dim, dowdy, dingy, neutral, col- 

Flashy [See FLARING]. 

Flat. SYN. Dull, tame, insipid, vapid, 
spiritless, level, horizontal, absolute, 
even, downright, mawkish, tasteless, 

ANT. Exciting, animated, interest- 
ing, thrilling, sensational. 

Flatter [See FAWN]. 

Flatterer [See FLATTER]. 

Flaunt, r. SYN. Boast, vaunt, flout, 
flutter, flounce, display, flourish, par- 
ade, figuie. 
ANT. Suppress, conceal, retire, re- 


cede, ekulk, hide, shrivel, collapsa, 

Flavor. SYN. Taste, savor, smack, 
odor, relish, zest. 

ANT. Insipidity, tastelessness, in- 
odorousness, inawkishnesm, scentless- 

Flaw [See BLEMISH]. 

Flee [See ESCAPE], 

Fleece. SYN. Strip, despoil, shear. 
ANT. Invest, endow, endue. 

Fleet [See SWIFT). 

Fleeting [See FLEET]. 

Fleshy [See FAT]. 

Flexible. SYN. Pliant, lithe, supple, 
elastic, easy, indulgent, ductile, flex- 
ile, yielding, pliable. 

ANT. Tough, rigid, inelastic, inflex- 
ible, hard, inexorable. 

Flexion [See FLEXIBLE]. 

Flexure [See FLEXION]. 

Flicker. SYN. Flutter, quiver, bick- 
er, falter, waver, glimmer, shimmer, 

ANT. Stream, blaze, gleam, shine, 

Flight. SYN. Volitation, departure, 
escape, evasion, disappearance, fly- 
ing, stampede, soaring, hegiru, flee- 
ing, exodus. 

ANT. Recurrence, return, reappear- 
ance, perching, alighting, repose. 

Flighty [See ECCENTRIC]. 

Flimsy. SYN. Gauzy, poor, thin, 
transparent, trifling, trivial, puerile, 
inane, slight, superficial, weak, shal- 

ANT. Solid, sound, irrefragable, sub- 
stantial, cogent. 

Flinch. SYN. Blench, swerve, wince, 

ANT. Dare, face, bear, meet, en- 

Fling. SYN. Cast, throw, emit, toss, 
hurl, ejaculate. 

ANT. Snatch, grasp, hold, keep, re- 
tain, arrest. 

Flippant. SYN. Pert, forward, super- 
ficial, thoughtless, saucy, malapert. 

ANT. Flattering, servile,obsequious, 
accurate, considerate, deferential, 
complimentary, respectful. 

Flit [See FLUTTER]. 

Flitting [See FLUTTER], 

Float. SYN. Swim, spread, prevail. 

AVT. Sink, drown, die, founder, 


Flock, v. SYN. Herd, congregate, 
tli, one. assemble, crowd. 

ANT. Disperse, scatter, separate, 

Flock, n. [SeeF^ocK, v.~\. 
Flood. SYN. Deluge, inundation, 

ANT. Drought, drain, ebb, scarcity, 

Florid. SYN. Rubicund, flowery, san- 
guine, ornate, overwrought, meretri- , 

ANT. Pallid, exsanguineous, bare, 
unadorned, nude, sober, chaste. 
Flounce [See FLAUNT]. 
Flounder. SYN. Roll, blunder, 
bungle, boggle, wallow, tumble. 

ANT. Emerge, flow, course, career, 
speed, rise, flourish, skim. 
Flourish. SYN. Prosper, thrive, 
speed, triumph, brandish, wave. 

ANT. Fail, fade, decline, miscarry, 
founder, arrest, sheath, ground. 
Flout [See FLAUNT]. 
Flow. SYN. Stream, issue, progress, 
glide, course, career, run. 

ANT. Halt, stick, stickle, stop, hesi- 
tate, fail, stint, beat, recoil, regurgi- 
tate, ebb. 

Flower. SYN. Perfection, blossom, 
bloom, acme, pride, ornament, gem, 

ANT. Disappointment, deformity, 
blot, abortion, scum, dregs, blight. 
Flowing. SYN. Copious, abundant, 
fluent, exuberant, easy, eloquent. 

ANT. Dribbling, dry, strained, 
meagre, labored, unready, difficult. 
Fluctuate. SYN. Waver, oscillate, 
hesitate, vacillate, vary, veer. 

ANT. Persist, abide, stay, stick, ad- 

Fluent [See FLOWING]. 
Flummery. SYN. Nonsense, trash, 
emptiness, froth. 

ANT. Sense, nourishment, satisfac- 
tion, solidity, reason. 
Flurry, v. SYN. Agitate, excite, worry, 
ruffle, fluster. 

ANT. Soothe, compose, quiet, calm, 

Flurry n. [See VERB]. 
Fluster [See FLURRY]. 
Fluted [See CORRUGATE]. 
.Flutter. SYN. Vibrate, quiver, palpi- 
tate, flicker, flit. 
ANT. Perch, roost, nestle, settle, 

116 POIT 

subside, collapse, rest, lull, pause, re. 
pose, sink. 

Flux. SYN. Flow, motion, progres- 
sion, change, substitution, transmuta- 

ANT. Stagnation, stillness, invari- 
ableness, identity, immutability, crys- 
talliza'ion. arrestation. 

Fly [See FLEE]. 

Focus. SYN. Centre, stand-point, ren- 
dezvous, convergence, nucleus. 

ANT. Circle, dispersion, dissipation, 

Foe [See FRIEND]. 

Foggy. SYN. Confused, dazed, absent, 
stupid, hazy, obscure, misty. 

ANT. Clear, alive, alert, awake, 
luminous, lucid, bright, shrewd,sharp. 

Foible. SYN. Peccadillo,failmg, fault, 
weakness, infirmity. 

ANT. Crime, atrocity, enormity, 

Foil v. [See BAFFLE]. 

Foil. n. SYN. Set-off, background, con- 
trast, enhancement, setting, elucida- 

ANT. Eclipse, outshining, extinc- 
tion, overshadowing. 

Foist. SYN. Falsify, counterfeit, palm, 

ANT. Expose, detect, verify, authen- 

Fold. SYN. Double, enfold, embrace, 
envelop, inclose, wrap. 
ANT. Unfold, disengage, expose. 

Follow. SYN. Pursue, chase, accom- 
pany, obey. Imitate, succeed, result, 
ensue, attend, shadow, observe, copy. 
ANT. Avoid, elude, quit, disobey, 
precede, cause, produce, abandon, 

Follower. SYN. Partisan, adherent, 
disciple, henchman, retainer, pursuer, 

ANT. Leader, teacher, antagonist, 
opponent, rival. 

Folly. SYN. Madness, nonsense, mis- 
conduct, imprudence, silliness, fool- 
ishness, weakness, absurdity, imbe- 

ANT. Sense, wisdom, sanity, judg- 
ment, prudence, sobriety. 

Foment. SYN. Excite, cherish, fan, 
propagate, encourage. 

ANt. Allay, extinguish, discourage, 
extirpate, quench. 

Fond. SYN. Loving, attached, affeo- 


tionate, foolish, silly, weak, doting, 
empty, enamored, devoted. 

ANT. Unloving, averse, uuaffection- 
ate, strong-minded, austere, rational, 
well-grounded, sensible, undemonstra- 

Fondle. SYN. Dandle, pet, caress. 

ANT. Tease, worry, annoy, chafe, 
irritate, ruffle. 

Fondness [See FOND]. 

Foolish. SYN. Senseless, idiotic, 
crazed, shallow, weak, silly, injudi- 
cious, irrational, absurd, contempti- 
ble, objectionable, witless, brainless, 
imbecile preposterous, ridiculous, 
nonsensical, simple. 

ANT. Sensible, sane, deep, clear- 
sighted, sound, sagacious, strong- 
minded, wise, prudent, judicious, cal- 
culating, advisable, eligible. 

Footing. SYN. Standing, status, con- 
dition, foundation, foothold. 
ANT. Dislodgment, ousting. 

Foppish. SYN. Finical, coxcombical, 
dandified, dressy. 

ANT. Modest, unassuming, unaf- 
fected, dowdy, slovenly, clownish. 

Foray. SYN. Raid, sally, inroad, drag- 
onade, escapade. 

ANT. Flight, retreat,recall, decamp- 
ment, stampede. 

Forbear. SYN. Abstain, refrain, 
withhold, forego, avoid. 
ANT. Seek, indulge. 

Forbid [See BID J. 

Forbidding. SYN. Repulsive, de- 
ter rent, prohibitory, offensive. 

ANT. Attractive, ent ouraging,allur- 
ing, seductive, permissive. 

Force. SYN. Power, strength, agency, 
instrumentality, compulsion, cogency, 
vigor, might, dint, vehemence, pres- 
sure, host, army, coercion, validity, 

ANT. Feebleness, weakness,crmnter- 
action, neutralization, inefficiency, 
inconclusiveness, debility, pointless- 

Forego. SYN. Waive, drop, abandon, 
abjure, renounce, give up, relinquish, 
yield, surrender, resign. 

ANT. Claim, assume, vindicate, seize, 
grasp, retain. 

Foreign. SYN. Strange, exotic, out- 
landish, alien, irrelevant, extraneous. 
ANT. Domestic, native, congenial, 
pertinent, germane. 

117 FOB 

Forerunner. SYN. Predecessor, pre- 
cursor,harbiuger, herald, omeu,avaut- 
ANT. Successor, follower. 

Foresee. SYN. Predict, anticipate, 
foretell, forecast, foreknow, forebode, 

ANT. Reflect, remember, recollect, 

Forestall [See ANTICIPATION] 

Forestallmeiit [see FOKBBTAXX]. 

Foretell. SYN. Predict, preindicate, 
prognosticate, forebode, prophesy, 
presage, augur, foreshow, betoken, 
portend, forewarn. 
ANT. Recite, narrate, detail. 

Forewarn [See WARN]. 

Forfeit. SYN. Fine, penalty, mulct, 
amercement, damages, loss. 

ANT. Premium, bribe, douceur, re- 
muneration, compensation, reward, 

Forefeud. SYN. Stave, obviate, pre- 

ANT. Rectify, mend, cure, redress, 

Forge. SYN. Work, frame, produce, 
elaborate,fabricate, counterfeit, feign, 
falsify, form, shape, make falsely. 

ANT. Shatter, batter, shiver, blast, 
fuse, detect, expose, verify, miscon- 
strue, misfabricate, misshape. 

Forgery. SYN. Falsification, counter- 

ANT. Signature, verification,attesta- 

Forget. SYN. Lose, pretermit, un, 
learn, obliviate, overlook. 

ANT. Acquire, learn, remember, rec- 
ollect, mind, retain, treasure. 

Forgive [See PARDON]. 

Forgotten. SYN. Unremembered. by- 
gone, slighted, overlooked, obsolete, 
disregarded, neglected. 

ANT. Remembered, present, treas- 
ured, guarded, regarded, cherished. 

Forlorn. SYN. Abandoned, deserted. 
forsaken, solitary, destitute, desolate, 
hapless, luckless, helpless, disconso- 
late, lone, woe-begone, lonesome, 

ANT. Supported.attended, cherished, 
protected, befriended, cheered. 

Form. SYN. Shape, mould,fashion,con- 
stitute, arrange, frame, construct,con- 
trive. conceive, make, produce,create, 


ANT. Deform, dislocate, distort,di8- 
sipate, derange, dismember, disinte- 
grate, analyze, disorganize. 

Formal. SYN. Regular, complete, 
shapely, sufficient, correct, stately, 
dignified, ceremonious,pompou=, stiff, 
precise, explicit, exact, affected, me- 

ANT. Irregular, incomplete,inform- 
al, inadequate, incorrect, easy, un- 
assuming, unceremonious. 

Formalism. SYN. Rigidity,ceremo- 
niousness, pomposity, externalism, pa- 
rade, punctilio. 

ANT. Simplicity, unostentatious- 
ness, unaffectednesg, unceremonious- 

Formality. SYN. Ceremony, parade, 
affectation, stateliness, punctilious- 
ness, etiquette. 
ANT. See Formalism. 

Formation. SYN. Shape, structure, 

ANT. Deformity, malformation, dis- 
location, distortion. 

Former. SYN. Preceding, antecedent, 
previous, prior, earlier, ancient, by- 
gone, anterior, first-mentioned, fore- 

ANT. Succeeding, subsequent, pos- 
terior, latter, modern, coming, future. 

Formidable. SYN. Awful, terrible, 
alarming, terrifying, discouraging, se- 
rious, appalling.fe.,rful, dreadful,hor- 
rible, shocking. 

ANT. Despicable, weak, contempti- 
ble, light, trivial. 

Formless [See FOBM]. 

Forsake [See ABANDON]. 

Forswear [See ABJURE]. 

Forthwith. SYN. Immediately, in- 
stantly, directly, instantaneously. 

ANT. By-and-by, hereafter, soon, 

Fortify. SYN. Strengthen, confirm, 

corroborate, garrison, brace, intrench. 

ANT. Weaken, invalidate, dismantle. 

Fortitude. SYN. Courage, endurance, 
braveness, calmness, resignation, har- 
dihood, composure, resolution, stoi- 
cism, firmness. 

ANT. Timidity, flinching.impatience, 
irritation, faintness, delicacy, effemi- 
nacy, womanishness, childishness. 

Fortuitous. SYN. Accidental, unde- 
AMT. Designed, purposed. 

118 FKA 

Fortunate. SYN. Lucky, propitious, 
happy, felicitous, prosperous, auspi- 
cious, providential, successful. 

ANT. Unlucky, unfortunate, unhap- 
py, infelicitous. 
Fortune [See CHANCE]. 
Forward. SYN. Advanced, ready, 
eager, anxious, obtrusive, self-assert- 
ive, impertinent, progressive,onward, 
confident, bold, presumptuous. 

ANT. Tardy, backward, reluctant, 
indifferent, slow, retiring, modest. 
Foster [See CHERISH]. 
Foul [See CORRUPT]. 
Found. SYN. Establish, institute, fix, 
set, build, set up, base, endow, rest, 
ground, plant, root. 

ANT. Disestablish,subvert,supplant, 

Foundation. SYN. Institution, es- 
tablishment, footing, base, basis, ori- 
gin, ground, groundwork, rudiments, 
substratum, underlying principle. 

ANT. Disestablishment, superstruc- 

Founder, n. SYN. Author, instituter, 
establishes originator, planter. 

ANT. Subverter, destroyer. 
Founder, v. [See FOUND and SINK]. 
Fractious. SYN. Snappish, peevish, 
cross, pettish, fretful, touchy, petulant, 

ANT. Good-humored, blithesome, 
genial, agreeable, complaisant- 
Fragile. SYN. Delicate, frail, brittle, 
weak, slight, frangible. 

ANT. Tough, hardy, stout, strong. 
Fragment. SYN. Piece, bit, chip,mor- 
sel, driblet, scrap, remnant. 

ANT. Bulk, body, mass, whole. 
Fragrant. SYN. Odorous, scented, 
perfumed, balmy, sweet-smelling,aro- 
matic, sweet-scented, odoriferous, spi- 

ANT. Inodorous, scentless, fetid. 
Frail. SYN. See Fragile. Add. Irres- 
olute, erring, mutable. 

ANT. Resolute, virtuous, lasting. 
Frame [See FORM]. 
Franchise. SYN. Freedom, immuni- 
ty, exemption, right. 

ANT. Obligation, disability, juris- 
diction, liability, disqualification. 
Frangible [See FRAGILE]. 
Frank. SYN. Ingenuous, cnndid,open, 
unreserved, artless,free, familiar, hon- 
est, easy, sincere, out-spoken, plain. 

FRA 119 

ANT. Disingenuous, close, reserved. 
Frantic. SYN. Mad, raving, furious, 
distracted, wild, frenzied, maniacal. 

ANT. Sane, sober, calm, collected, 
cool, unruffled, composed. 
Fraternity [See BROTHERHOOD]. 
Fraternize. SYN. Sympathize, con- 
sort, co-operate, associate with. 

ANT. Renounce, abjure, forswear. 
Fraud [See CHEAT.). 
Fraught. SYN. Loadal,full,pregnant, 
teeming, abounding, charged. 

ANT. Devoid, divested,exempt,emp- 
ty, wanting, poor, scant. 
Freakish. SYN. Sportful, frisky, 
whimsical, fanciful. capricious, erratic. 
ANT. Steady, sober, demure, un- 
whimsical, unfanciful, reliable, con- 
sistent, uniform, equable. 
Free. SYN. Detached, playing, opera- 
ting, open, unoccupied, unobstructed, 
unimpeded,permitted, unhindered,ex- 
empt, gratuitous, unconditional, at 
liberty, clear, liberal, untrammelled, 
uncounued, careless, loose, easy, mu- 
nificent, unreserved, frank, bountiful, 
generous, bounteous. 

ANT. Subservient, bound, shackled, 
restricted, clogged, occupied, ob- 
structed, impeded, compulsory,unlaw- 
ful, biased, subject, liable, amenable, 
conditional, qualified, niggardly, stin- 

Freight [See CARGO]. 
Frenzy. SYN. Fanaticism, madness, 
raving, fury, fire. 

ANT. Calm, composure, collected- 
ness, coolness, sanity, sobriety, equa- 

Frequent. SYN. Many, repeated, nu- 
merous, recurrent, general, continual, 
usual, common. 

ANT. Few, solitary, rare, scanty,cas- 

Fresh. SYN. New, young, vigorous, 
cool, recent, renewed, unimpaired. un- 
tarnished, unfaded, blooming, ruddy, 
novel, untried, modern, unskilled. 

ANT. Old, stale, jaded, weary, for- 
mer, stagnant, ordinary, original, im- 
paired, tarnished, faded, decayed, pal- 
lid, sickly, putrid, mouldy, musty, fus- 

Fret [See CHAFE]. 
Fretful. SYN. Irritable, fractious, 
peevish, impatient, petulant, waspish. 


ANT. Patient, forbearing,contented, 
meek, resigned, unmurmuring. 

Friable [See FRAGILE]. 

Fribble [See TRIFLE]. 

Friction. SYN. Rubbing, grating, at- 
trition, abrasion, contact. 

ANT. Lubrication, detachment, iso- 
lation, non-contact. 

Friend. SYN. Associate, companion, 
acquaintance, familiar, ally, chum, 
messmate, coadjutor, confidant, adhe- 

ANT. Opponent, foe, adversary, an- 
tagonist, enemy. 

Friendless [See FRIEND and FOR- 

Friendly. SYN. Well-inclined, well- 
disposed, amicable, kindly, social, 
neighborly, sociable, affectionate, fa- 
vorable, cordial. 

ANT. Ill-inclined, ill-disposed, hos- 
tile, inimical, adverse, antagonistic. 

Friendship [See FRIEND]. 

Fright [8e ALARM]. 

Frightful. SYN. Terrible, horrible, 
alarming, ugly, hideous, monstrous, 
dreadful, direful, awful, shocking, 
horrid, terrific. 

ANT. Pleasing, attractive, beauti- 
ful, fair, encouraging, lovely. 

Frigid. SYN. Cold, inanimate, life- 
less, passionless, distant, forbidding. 
ANT. Warm, ardent, impassioned. 

Fringed [See FIMBRIATED]. 

Frippery. SYN. Trumpery, finery, 

ANT. Apparel, costume, uniform, 
dress, decoration, ornament. 

Frisk. SYN. Sport, leap, jump, play, 
dance, wanton. 

ANT. Lie, ruminate, rest, repose, 
roost, mope, sulk. 

Frisky. SYN. Sportive, playful, wan- 

ANT Demure, sedate, meditative, 

Fritter. SYN. Dribble, waste, idle, 

ANT. Economise, husband, culti- 

Frivolous. SYN. Trifling, silly, triv- 
ial, petty, worthless. 

ANT. Serious, earnest, important, 

Frolic. SYN. Play, game, sport, fes- 
tivity, entertainment, gambol, gayety, 
lark, spree, merry-making, prank. 




ANT. Study, undertaking, purpose, 
engagement, occupation. 
Frolicsome. SYN. Playful, game- 
some, sportive, wanton, festive. 

ANT. Serious, grave, studious, la- 
borious, earnest. 
Front [See FACE]. 
Froth [See BALDERDASH]. 
Froward. SYN. Contrary, perverse, 
untoward, wayward, refractory, frac- 
tious, disobedient. 

ANT. Favorable, docile, amenable, 
ductile, agreeable, obedient. 
Frown [See FAVOR]. 
Frugal. SYN. Sparing, economical, 
parsimonious, abstinent, abstemious, 
temperate, saving, thrifty, provident. 
ANT. Profuse, luxurious, extrava- 
gant, prodigal, self-indulgent, intem- 

Fruit. SYN. Production, outcome, 
outgrowth, result, consequence, pro- 
duce, reward. 

ANT. Seed, origin, cause, growth, 

Fruitful. SYN. Productive, prolific, 
pregnant, fraught, causative, effect- 
ual, useful, successful, fertile, abun- 
dant, plenteous, fecund, plentiful. 

ANT. Unproductive, sterile, barren, 
fruitless, ineffectual, useless,abortive. 
Fruition. STN. Eeaping, attainment, 
enjoyment, use, possession. 

ANT. Disappointment, loss, non- 

Fruitless [See FRUITFUL]. 
Frustrate [See BAFFLE]. 
Frustration [See FRUSTRATE and 


Fugacious. SYN. Ephemeral, fugi- 
tive, fleeting, transient. 

ANT. Persistent, perennial, perpet- 
ual, permanent. 
Fugitive [See FUGACIOUS]. 
Fulfil. SYN. Fill, complete, discharge, 
verify, accomplish, achieve, execute, 

ANT. Neglect, ignore, disappoint, 

Fulminate. SYN. Thunder, clamor, 
roar, vociferate, denounce. 

ANT. Laud, panegyrize, eulogize. 
Fulsome. SYN. Excessive, gross, 
loathsome, nauseous, sickening, fawn- 
ing, offensive. 

ANT. Chaste, sober, nice, delicate. 
Fumble [See BUNGLE]. 

Fumbler [See BUNGLER]. 
Fume. SYN. Vapor, chafe, frown. 

ANT. Acquiesce, smile. 
Function. SYN. Office, part, charac- 
ter, capacity, business, administra- 
tion, discharge, operation, exercise, 
power, duty, employment. 

ANT. Usurpation, maladministra- 
tion, misconduct, misdemeanor. 
Functionary. SYN. Official, officer, 
servant, personage. 

ANT. See Function. 
Fund. SYN. Stock. capital,investment. 
ANT. Expenditure, outlay, disburse- 

Fundamental. SYN. Primary, im- 
portant, indispensable, essential. 

ANT. Secondary, unimportant, ad- 
ventitious, ascititious, non-essential. 
Funereal. SYN. Lugubrious, dismal, 
woeful, sombre, mournful, plaintive, 
deathlike, solemn. 

ANT. Joyous, festive, ridiculous, 
funny, stirring, lively, farcical. 
Funny. SYN. Sportive, droll, comical, 
laughable, humorous, jocose, ridicu- 
lous, ludicrous, diverting. 

ANT. Dull, tedious, mournful, lugu- 
brious, dismal, grave, serious, sad, 

Furbish. SYN. Brighten, polish, 

ANT. Dull, cloud, tarnish. 
Furious [See FRANTIC]. 
Furnish SYN. Supply, provide, 
equip, afford, yield, bestow, purvey, 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, disman- 

Further [See ADVAJTCEJ. 
Furtive. SYN. Stealthy, clandestine, 
secretive, secret, sly. 

ANT. Open, public, undisguised, un- 
reserved, unconcealed. 
Fury [See FUBIOUS]. 
Fuse. SYN. Liquefy, melt, smelt, 
amalgamate, commingle, consolidate. 
ANT. Disunite, disincorporate, dif- 
fuse, disamalgamate. 
Fusion [See FUSE and BLEND]. 
Fuss. SYN. Stir, excitement, tumult, 
worry, ado, bustle, flurry, fidget. 

ANT. Quiet, peace, sedateness, tran- 
quillity, composure, calm. 
Fustian [See BOMBAST]. 
Fusty [See FRESH]. 
Futile. SYN. Weak, ineffective, use- 

FUT 121 

less, nugatory, unavailing, vain, tri- 

ANT. Powerful, effective, cogent, 
useful, solid, substantial. 
future. SYN. Forthcoming, coming, 

ANT. Gone, bygone, past. 


'GABBLE, n. SYN. Prate, jabber, jar- 
gon,stuff, babble, rattle, twaddle, gib- 
ber, chatter, gibberish. 

ANT. Conversation, speech, elo- 
quence, reticence, taciturnity, minc- 
ing, mouthiness, euphuism, grandilo- 

Gabble^ v. [See GABBLE, n.]. 

Gaffer [See CODGER]. 

Gag. SYN. Silence, stifle, burke, muz- 
zle, hush. 

ANT. Evoke, provoke, inspire, ani- 

Gage. SYN. Engage, bind, pledge, se- 
cure, pawn, deposit. 

ANT. Intimate, promise, acquit, re- 
lease, redeem. 

Gaiety [See GAY]. 

Gain. v. SYN. Acquire, get, win, pro- 
cure, obtain, profit, benefit, earn, at- 
tain, realize, achieve, reap, reach. 
ANT. Lose, forfeit, suffer. 

Gain. n. [See GAIN, t'.J. 

Gainful. SYN. Profitable, beneficial, 
advantageous, winning. 

ANT. Unprofitable, detrimental, in- 
jurious, disadvantageous, gainless, 

Galiiless [See GAINFUL]. 

Gainsay [See AFFIRM]. 

Galaxy f Seo BEVY]. 

Gallant. SYN. Brave, chivalrous, in- 
trepid, courteous, heroic, fearless, 
courageous, valiant, bold, splendid, 
showy, gay. 

ANT. Cowardly, churlish, discourte- 

Gambol, v. SYN. Frolic, sport, frisk, 
play, caper, jump. 
ANT. Tire, wenry, droop, flog. 

Gambol, n. [See GAMBOL, u. '). 

Game. SYN. Sport, recreation, pas- 
time, amusement, frolic, diversion, 

ANT. Study, toil, labor, business, 
duty, weariness, flagging. 


Gamesome [See GAME and MKB. 


Gang [See CREW]. 
Garb. SYN. Dress, uniform, clothing, 
costume, vestments, apparel. 

ANT. Undress, tatters, rags, shreds, 

Garble. SYN. Misrepresent,misquote, 
mutilate, cook, dress, color, falsify, 
pervert, distort. 

ANT. Quote, cite, extract, recite. 
Garbled [See GABBLE], 
Garnish. SYN. Deck, furnish, adorn, 
dress, furbish, beautify, embellish,, 
decorate, ornament. 

ANT. Denude, strip, dismantle. 
Garniture [See GARNISH]. 
Garrulity. SYN. Verbosity, loquaci- 
ty, talkativeness, chatter. 

ANT. Reticence, taciturnity, lacon- 

Garrulous [See GARRULITY]. 
Gather [See COLLECT]. 
Gaud. SYN. Trinket, trumpery,flnery, 
gewgaw, bauble, kickshaw, gimcrack, 

ANT. Decoration, ornament, gem, 
jewel, valuable. 

Gaudy. SYN. Tawdry, fine, meretri- 
cious, bespangled, glittering, showy, 
gay, garish. 

ANT. Rich, simple, hnndsorae, chaste. 
Gauge. SYN. Measure, fathom, probe. 
AJJT. Survey, conjecture, view,ecan, 
guess, observe, mismeasure. 
Gaunt. SYN. Grim, savage, lean,lank, 
hungry, thin, spare, attenuated, ema- 

ANT. Docile, tractable, tame, sleek, 

Gawky. SYN. Awkward, ungainly, un- 
couth, clumsy, clownish. 

ANT. Neat, handy, graceful, hand- 

Gay. SYN. Merry, blithe, lively, jol- 
ly, sportive, sprightly, smart, festive, 
gladsome, pleasuresome, cheerful. 

ANT. Heavy,melancholy,grave,sad,. 
sombre, dull, dowdy. 
Gaze. SYN. Stare, contemplate, scan, 
behold, regard, view, glower, gloat. 

ANT. Wink, ignore, overlook, ogle r 
disregard, glance. 

Gelatinous. SYN. Viscous, albumin- 
ous, mucilaginous, gumuiy,glairy,tfl 
tiaous, semifluid, lentous. 

GEL 122 

\NT. Limpid, sparkling, crystalline. 
Gelid. SYN. Frigid, cold, icy. 

ANT. Warm, genial. 
Generality. SYN. Mass, bulk, body, 

ANT. Section, minority, exception, 

Generalization [See ABSTRAC- 

Generate. SYN. Engender, produce, 
propagate, originate, beget, breed. 

ANT. Stifle, extinguish, terminate. 
Generation. SYN. Age, period, era, 
epoch, lifetime, offspring, stock, race, 
origination, breed, progeny, forma- 

ANT. Perpetuity.eterni*T,immortal- 

Generic. SYN. General, common, col- 

ANT. Particular, personal, specific. 
Generous. SYN. Noble, chivalrous, 
liberal, disinterested, bountiful, mag- 
nanimous, open-hearted, munificent, 

ANT. Mean, ignoble, illiberal, self- 
ish, churlish. 

Genial. SYN. Warm, cordial, balmy, 
cheering, merry, festive, joyous, 
nearly, revivifying, restorative. 

ANT. Cold, cutting, harsh, deleteri- 
ous, noxious, deadly, blighting, de- 
structive, uugenial, lethal. 
Genius. SYN. Taleut,cleverness,inven- 
tiveness, creativeness, intellect, skill, 
giftedness, ideality, endowment, na- 
ture, gift, character, faculty. 

ANT. Stolidity, stupidity, inanity, 

Genteel. SYN. Polite, well-bred, re- 
fined, courteous, fashionable, elegant, 
aristocratic, polished, graceful. 

ANT. Rude, boorish, ill-bred, clown- 
ish, unfashionable, unpolished, inele- 
gant, plebeian. 

Gentility [See GENTEEL]. 
Gentle. SYN. Courteous, polite, high- 
bred, mild, bland, tame, docile, ami- 
able, meek, soft, placid, tender. 

ANT. Rough, rude, coarse, fierce, 

Genuine. SYN. Authentic, true, real, 
pure, unalloyed, natural, unaffected, 
sincere, unadulterated, veritable, 

ANT. Spurious, fictitious, adulter- 
ated, apocryphal. 


Germ. SYN. Seed, nucleus, embryo, 
origin, bud. 

ANT. Fruit, development, result. 
Germane. SYN. Allied, kindred, re- 
lated, homogeneous, appropriate, 
akin, pertinent, relative. 

ANT. Unconnected, foreign, alien, 

Germinate. SYN. Sprout, shoot, bud, 

ANT. Rot, decay. 

Gesticulate [See ATTITUDE]. 
Gesture [See ATTITUDE]. 
Get. SYN. Gain, procure, acquire, earn, 
obtain, attain, secure, achieve. 

ANT. Lose, forfeit, surrender, fore- 

Gewgaw [See GAUD], 
Ghastly. SYN. Deathlike, -wan, grim, 
cadaverous, spectral, pallid, hideous, 

ANT. Blooming, fresh, comely, 
seemly, buxom, ruddy. 
Ghost. SYN. Spectre, apparition, 
spirit, vision, shade, phantom. 

ANT. Body, animal, organism. 
Gibe. SYN. Sneer, scoff, ridicule, jeer, 
mock, deride, rail at, taunt. 
ANT. Salute, compliment. 
Giddy. SYN. Whirling, vertiginous, 
thoughtless, inconstant, unsteady, 
lofty, beetling, dizzy, hare-brained, 

ANT. Stationary, slow, ponderous, 
thoughtful, earnest, steady, low, un- 
elevated, wary, circumspect. 
Gift. SYN. Donation, present, grant, 
boon, gratuity, benefaction, endow- 
nent, talent, faculty, alms, douceur. 

ANT. Reservation, refusal, wages, 
purchase, earnings, compensation, re- 
muneration, inanity, stupidity, for- 
feit, penalty, fine, surrender. 
Gigantic. SYN. Colossal, huge, enor- 
mous, herculean, giant, cyclopean, 

ANT. Puny, dwarfish, feeble. 
Giggle, n. SYN. Cachinnation, grin, 

ANT. Sob, whimper, whine, blubber. 
Giggle, v. [See GIGGLE, n.]. 
Gild [See ADORN]. 
Gird. SYN. Surround, encircle, hem, 
environ, belt, enclose, engirdle, en- 
compnss, girdle, begird. 

ANT. Disclose, open, expand, disen- 
circle, disengm.le, ungird. 




Girdle [See GIRD]. 

Girth [See GIRD] . 

Gist. SYN. Essence, pith, marrow, sub- 
stance, kernel, force, main point. 

ANT. Surplusage, redundancy, ad- 
ditament, environment, accessories, 
garb, clothing. 

Give. SYN. Bestow, grant, confer, im- 
part, yield, produce, surrender, con- 
cede, present, afford, communicate, 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, refuse, 
retain, grasp, fail, restrain, deny. 

Glabrous. SYN. Smooth, polished, 
bald, shiny, sleek, glacial, glassy. 

ANT. Rough, hairy, bristly, hank, 
wrinkled, shaggy, hirsute. 

Glad. SYN. Happy, joyous, pleased, 
gratified, blithesome, gleeful, glad- 
some, delighted, cheerful, elated, joy- 

ANT. Unhappy, sorrowful, disas- 
trous, sorry, disappointed, dismal. 

Gladden. SYN. Bejoice,cheer,gratify, 

ANT. Grieve, dispirit, disappoint, 
depress, afflict, trouble, wound. 

Glance [See GAZE]. 

Glare. SYN. Beam, shine, gleam, ray, 
radiate, glow. 

ANT. Shimmer, scintillate, glitter, 
smoulder, glimmer, glisten, glister, 
sparkle, flash, flicker. 

Glassy. SYN. Vitreous, smooth, pof- 
ished, glacial, glabrous, brittle, trans- 
parent, crytalline, pellucid, limpid, 
glossy, silken. 

ANT. Rough, uneven, rugged,pliant, 
tough, opaque, luteous, muddy,turbid, 

Glaze. SYN. Vitrefy, gloss, polish, 
burnish, furbish. 

AKT. Roughen, corrugate, rumple, 

Gleam [See GLARE j. 

Glee [See GLAD]. 

Glib. SYN. Slippery, voluble, smooth, 
fluent, ready, talkative, flippant. 

ANT. Rough, abrupt, hesitating, 

Glimmer [See GLARE], 

Glimpse. SYN. Sight, inkling, glance, 
glimmering, survey. 

ANT. Observation, scrutiny, investi- 
gation, inspection, analysis, examina- 
tion, exposure. 

Glisten [See GLARE]. 

Glister [See GLARE], 

Glitter [See GLARE]. 

Gloat. SYN. Revel, glut, feast. 

ANT. Avoid, shun, loathe, abomin- 

Glomeratlon [See CONGLOMERA- 

Gloom. SYN. Gloaming, twilight, ob- 
scurity, shadow, obscuration, dull- 
ness, cloudiness, cloud, dejection, sad- 

ANT. Light, radiance, clearness, 
brightness, daylight, 

Glorify. SYN. Exalt, honor, elevate, 
laud, praise, signalize, magnify, ag- 
grandize, adore, panegyrize, extol. 

ANT. Depress, debase, abuse, cen- 
sure, degrade, decry, abase, defame. 

Glorious [See CELEBRATED]. 

Glory. SYN. Brightness, radiance, 
effulgence, honor, fame, celebrity, 
pomp, luster, magnificence, splendor, 

ANT. Obscurity, ignominy, cloud, 
dishonor, degradation. 

Gloss, n. SYN. Polish, luster, misin- 
terpretation, distortion, perversion, 
twist, plea, pretense, speciousness. 

ANT. Nebulousness, haze, literal- 
ness, truth, representation, interpre- 
tation, reality, verity. 

Glow [See GLARE]. 

Glowing. SYN. Shining, intense,hot, 
ardent, fiery, fervent, fervid. 
ANT. Dull, languid, cool. 

Gloze [See GLOSS]. 

Glut. v. SYN. Gorge, fill, stuff, cram, 
satiate, cloy, surfeit. 
ANT. Disgorge, empty, void. 

Glut. n. SYN. Surplus, redundancy, 
superflui'y, overstock. 

ANT. Sca-ci y.<lrainage,exhaustion, 
dearth, fnilare. scantiness. 

Glutinous (See GELATINOUS]. 

Gluttony. SYS. Greed, gormandize- 
ment, voracity, deglutition. 

ANT. Abstinence, frugality, abste- 
miousness, temperance, vegetarian- 

Go. SYN. Move, depart, pass, travel, 
vanish, reach, extend, proceed, stir, 
set out, budge. 

ANT. Stand, stay, come,remain, per- 
sist, abide, rest, endure, lack, fail. 

Godless [See WICKED]. 

Godliness [See FIKTY ]. 

Good. adj. SYN. Bight, complete, vir- 




tnous, sound, pious, benevolent, pro- 
pitious, serviceable, suitable, efficient, 
sufficient, competent, valid, real, ac- 
tual, considerable, honorable, repu- 
table, righteous, proper, true,upright, 
just, excellent. 

ANT. Wrong, imperfect, unsound, 
vicious, profane, niggardly, unpropi- 
tious, unserviceable, unsuitable, in- 
efficient, inadequate, incoinpetent,in- 
valid, ncticious, supposititious, incon- 
siderable, mean, disgraceful, disrepu- 
table, bad, evil. 

Good. n. SYN. Boon, benefit, advan- 
tage,gain,blessing,mercy, virtue, pros- 
perity, weal, profit, interest, welfare. 
ANT. Hurt, injury, loss, detriment, 
evil, disadvantage, ill, calamity, inflic- 
tion, curse. 

Good-humored. SYN. Good-na- 
tured,good-tempered, amiable,cheer- 

ANT. Ill-humored,ill-natured, cross, 

Goodly. SYN. Pleasant,desirable,ex- 
cellent, fair, coMc'y, considerable, 
graceful, fine. 

ANT. Unpleasant, undesirable, un- 
comely, inconsiderable. 

Goods [See CHATTELS]. 

Gorge [See GLUT and SWALLOW]. 

Gorgeous. SYN. Magnificent, splen- 
did, costly, rich, superb, grand, 

ANT. Poor, naked, bare, cheap, din- 
gy, threadbare. 

Govern. SYN. Kule, direct, control, 
moderate, guide, sway, supervise, 
manage, command, conduct. 

ANT. Misrule, misdirect, miscon- 

Governor [See GOVERN]. 

Grab [See SNATCH], 

Grabble [See GROVEL]. 

Grace. SYN. Favor, beauty, conde- 
scension, kindness, elegance, charm, 
excellence, pardon, mercy. 

ANT. Disfavor, deformity, unkind- 
ness, pride, inelegance, awkward- 
ness, gawkiness. 

Graceful [See GRACE, GOODLY and 

Graceless. SYN. Ungraceful, vicious, 
scampish, reprobate, abandoned, 

ANT. Graceful, virtuous, conscien- 
tious, upright, worthy. 

Gracious. SYN. Affable, courteous, 
benignant, kind, civil, condescending, 
merciful, friendly, tender, gentle, be- 

ANT. Haughty, discourteous, ill- 
disposed, ungracious, churlish. 

'Gradation. SYN. Stage, tier, degree, 
rank, standing, graduation, ordina- 
tion, arrangement, precedency. 

ANT. Equality, uniformity, frater- 
nity, abruptness, saltation. 

Grade [See GRADATION]. 

Gradual. SYN. Slow, continuous, un- 
intermittent, gradational, regular, 
.step by step, progressive. 

ANT. Sudden, momentary, instanta- 
neous, periodic, recurrent, intermit- 
tent, discontinuous, broken, discon- 

Graduate [See CLASSIFY]. 

Grand. SYN. Large, dignified, im- 
posing, important, eventful, magnif- 
icent, grandly, majestic, august, ex- 
alted, stately, splendid, lofty, eleva- 
ted, pompous, gorgeous, sublime, su- 

ANT. Little, undignified, unimpos- 
ing, secondary, interior, unimpor- 
tant, petty, paltry, beggarly, mean, 
common, insignificant. 

Grandeur. SYN. Dignity, magnifi- 
cence, display, pomp, ostentation. 
ANT. Meanness, paltriness. 

Grandiloquence. SYN. Verbosity, 
pomposity, mouthiness, grandiosity, 
antiloquence, stiltedness, euphuism, 
turgidity, fustian, bombast. 

ANT. Simplicity, plain-spokenness, 
naivete, unaffectedness, vernacular. 

Grandiose [See GRAND]. SYN. See 

Grant. SYN. Give, allot, bestow, con- 
fer, transfer, admit, allow, concede, 
convey, impart, yield, cede. 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, reserve, 
resume, deny. 

Graphic. SYN. Picturesque, illustra- 
tive, descriptive, pictorial, forcible, 
vivid, feeling, described, pictur- 

ANT. Unpicturesque, unillustrative, 

Grapple [See CONTEND]. 

Grasp. SYN. Seize, hold, clasp, re- 
tain, comprehend, catch, grip, clutch, 
ANT. Loose, lose, abandon, relin- 


quish, surrender, release, miss, mis- 

Grasping [See AVARICIOUS?]. 

Orate. SYN. Bub, scrape, jar, scratch. 
ANT. Glide, slip, lubricate. 

Crateful. SYN. Pleasant, acceptable, 
agreeable, thankful, obliged, wel- 

ANT, Unpleasant, unacceptable, dis- 
agreeable, ungrateful, disobliged. 

Gratification. SYN. Pleasure, en- 
joyment, satisfaction, indulgence, de- 
light, reward. 

ANT. Pain, dislike, disappointment, 
abstinence, abnegation, stinting, in- 
urement, discipline. 

Gratify. SYN. Please, satisfy, indulge, 

ANT. Displease, dissatisfy, disap- 
point, stint, discipline, inure, harden, 
deprive, deny. 

Gratitude. SYN. Thankfulness,grate- 

ANT. Unthankfulness, ingratitude, 
thanklessness, oblivion, resentment, 

Gratuitous. SYN. Free, uncompens- 
ated, voluntary, unwarranted, ground- 
less, wanton, unnecessary, unsought. 

ANT. Compulsory, involuntary, 
obligatory, necessitated, warranted, 
well-founded . 

Gratuity [See GRATUITOUS and 

Gratulatlon [See CONGRATULA- 

Grave. SYN. Sad, serious, momen- 
tous, weighty, pressing, sedate, de- 
mure, thoughtful, sober, sombre, sol- 
emn, important, aggravated, heavy, 

ANT. Joyous, merry, facetious, un- 
important, ridiculous, trivial, light, 
frivolous, futile. 

Gravity [See WEIGHTY and SOL- 

Gravely [See GRAVE]. 

Graze. SYN. Shave, scrape, skim, 
abrade, shear. 

ANT. Strike, impinge, collide, en- 

Great. SYN. Big, wide, huge, numer- 
ous, protracted, excellent, large, im- 
mense, bulky, majestic, gigantic, vast, 
grand, sublime, august, eminent, 
magnanimous, noble, powerful, ex- 
alted, noticeable. 

125 GKO 

ANT. Little, narrow, puny, scanty, 
few, short, mean, ignoble, weak, un- 

Greediness. SYN. Voracity, rapac- 
ity, eagerness [See AVIDITY]. 

Gree'*~. ANT. Gluttonous, voracious, 
hungry, desirous, avaricious. 

ANT. Abstemious, abstinent, indif- 
ferent, contented. 

Greet [See ADDRESS]. 

Gregarious. SYN. Social, sociable, 
ANT. Unsocial, unsociable, solitary. 

Grief. SYN. Trouble, tribulation, woe, 
mourning, regret, affliction, sorrow, 

ANT. Joy, exultation, delight, ela- 
tion, hilarity. 

Grievance. SYN. Burden, injury, 
complaint, trouble, oppression, hard- 
ship, injustice. 

ANT. Congratulation, boon, rejoic- 
ing, benefit, alleviation, disburden- 
ment, riddance, privilege. 

Grieve. SYN. Trouble, burden, annoy, 
distress, bewail, wound, pain, sorrow, 
hurt, afflict, mourn, lament, complain, 

ANT. Ease, console, soothe, please, 
rejoice, exult, gratify, alleviate. 

Grievous. SYN. Sad, heavy, afflic- 
tive, lamentable, deplorable, sorrow- 
ful, painful, burdensome, calamitous, 
baleful, hurtful, disastrous, unhappy. 
ANT. Joyous, delightful, pleasant, 
glad, consolatory, grateful, welcome, 
acceptable, trifling, light, trivial. 

Grievously [See GRIEVOUS]. 

Grim. SYN. Fierce, ferocious, terri- 
ble, hideous, ugly, ghastly, sullen, 

ANT. Mild, docile,attractive, placid, 

Grind. SYN. Crush, pulverize [See 

Gripe. SYN. Grasp, seize.clutch, gnaw, 
pain, squeeze, screw, pinch, lay hold 

ANT. Abandon, relax, soothe, ease, 

Grisly [See GHASTLY]. 

Gr<an. SYN. Moan, whine, growl, 

ANT. Giggle, cackle, chuckle, tit- 
ter, laugh. 

Grope. SYN. Feel, search, grabble, 

GKO 1 

ANT. Grasp, seize, hold, expose. 
Gross. SYN. Entire, vulgar, vicious, 
impure, coarse, bloated, sensual, ani- 
mal, bulk, indelicate, outrageous, 
unseemly, shameful. 

ANT. Partial, net, pure, refined. 
Grotesque. SYN. Whimsical, quaint, 
old, burlesque, archaic, caricatured, 

ANT. Classic, chaste, fina, fashion- 
able, graceful, severe. 
Ground, v. [See FOUND]. 
Ground, n. SYN. Basis, foundation, 
premise, reason, cause, account, plea. 
ANT. Superstructure, statement, ar- 
gument, inference, deduction. 
Grounded. SYN. Rooted, established, 
initiated, inaugurated, prepared, in- 
doctrinated, trained. 

ANT. Ungrounded, untangled, un- 
prepared, uninitiated, baseless, un- 
founded, unauthorized, groundless. 
Groundless. SYN. Vain, suppositi- 
tious, unfounded, baseless, fanciful, 
gratuitous, chimerical, false. 

ANT. Well-founded, substantial, au- 
thoritative, actual, authentic. 
Group. SYN. Cluster, bunch, knot, 
assemblage, collocation, class, collec- 
tion, clump, order, assembly. 

ANT. Isolation, individual, crowd, 
confusion, medley. 

Grovel. SYN. Crawl, cringe, wallow, 
creep, grub, fawn, grabble. 

ANT. Soar, aspire, mount, rise. 
Grow. SYN. Increase, advance, ex- 
tend, expand, enlarge, gain ground, 
accrue, become, develop, amplify. 

ANT. Dimmish, recede, contract, 
fail, stop, die, wane. 
Growl. SYN. Snarl, grumble, com- 
plain, remonstrate, murmur, grunt. 

ANT. Chuckle, cackle, grin, purr, 
Growth [See ADVANCEMENT and 


Grudge. t>. SYN. Spare, retain, covet, 
envy, withhold. 

ANT. Spend, impart, welcome, sat- 
isfy, gratify. 

Grudge, n. SYN. Spite, grievance, 
aversion, rancor, hatred, pique, dis- 
satisfaction, discontent, refusal. 

ANT. Welcome, satisfaction, ap- 
proval, contentment, complacency, 
bestowal, benefaction. 


Gruff*. SYN. Rough, surly, bearish, 
harsh, rude, blunt. 

ANT. Smooth, mild, affable, court- 

Grumble [See GROWL]. 

Grumpy [See GRUMBLE and SURLY]. 

Grunt [See GROWL]. 

Guarantee, v. SYN. Insure, answer 
for, pledge [See WARRANT]. 

Guard [See PROTECT]. 

Guarded [See CALCULATING]. 

Guardian. SYN. Keeper, protector, 
conservator, custodian, preserver, 
ANT. Traitor, betrayer, pupil. ward. 

Guess. SYN. Conjecture, siirmise, di- 
vine, suppose, suspect, fancy, im- 

ANT. Examine, prove, investigate, 
establish, demonstrate, elaborate, de- 

Guest. SYN. Visitor. 

ANT. Entertainer, host. 

Guidance. SYN. Direction, control 

Guide. SYN. Lead, direct, conduct, 
pilot, regulate,superintend,influence, 
train, manage. 

ANT. Mislead, misconduct, misdi- 
rect, mismanage, misregulate, mis- 
guide, miseducate, betray, deceive. 

Guile. SYN. Craft, treachery, deceit, 
cunning, insidiousness, artifice, fraud, 
hypocrisy, trickery. 

ANT. Honesty, simplicity, frank- 
ness, generosity, candor, sincerity. 

Guileless [See GUILE and CRAFT]. 

Guilt. SYN. Criminality, sin, offence, 
culpability [See GUILE and CRIME]. 

Guiltless [See GUILE and INNO- 

Guise. SYN. Aspect, garb, semblance, 
plea, demeanor, dress, appearance, 
fashion, mien, manner. 

ANT. Character, person, individual, 
sentiment, disposition, opinion, life, 
mind, soul, self. 

Gulf [See ABYSS]. 

Gull [See CHEAT]. 

Gulp [See SWALLOW]. 

Gumption. SYN. Shrewdness, clever- 
ness [See ACUTENESS]. 

Gush. SYN. Burst, stream, flow, gush, 
spout, rush, pour out, flow out. 

ANT. Drip, drop, dribble, trickle, 
strain, drain, ooze, filter, percolt{< 




Gust, n, SYN. Squall, blast, puff, fit, 

outburst, gale, breeze. 
ANT. Calm, tranquillity subsidence, 

re^tr^int, composure, zephyr. 
Out. t. SYN. Disembowel, eviscerate. 
(in*. SYN. Entrails, viscera, bowels. 

Guzzle [See GORGE]. 



MENTS. SYN. Dress, vestments, 
robes, uniform, apparel, garb, cloth- 
ing, clothes. 

ANT. Deshabille, undress. 
Habilitate [See HABILIMENTS and 


Habllltatlon. SYN. Qualifieation,en- 
titlement, empowerment. 

ANT. Disqualification, depression, 
debasement, dishabilitation. 
Habit. SYN. Habituation, custom, 
familiarity, association, inurement, 
usage, practice, way, manner. 

ANT. Dishabituatiou, inexperience, 
iaconversance, desuetude [See HA- 

Habitation [See ABODE]. 
Habitual. SYN. Regular, ordinary, 
perpetual, customary, usual, familiar, 
accustomed, wonted. 

A.NT. Irregular,extraordlnary,occa- 
sional, unusual, exceptional, rare. 
Habituate [See HABIT and ACCUS- 

Haggard. SYN. Wild, wasted, worn, 
attenuated, wrinkled, ghastly, hollow- 
eyed, lean, gaunt. 

ANT Sleek, smug, chubby, plump. 
Haggle. SYN. Higgle, chaffer, bar- 
gain, stickle. 

ANT. Yield, deduct, abate, reduce, 

Hail. SYN. Accost,address,salute,call, 
welcome, greet. 

ANT. Ignore, pass, cut, avoid. 
Hale [See HEALTHY]. 
Halcyon. SYN. Calm, serene, balmy, 

ANT. Stormy, troublous, tempestu- 
ous, blustering, boisterous. 
Hall'. SYN. Moiety, bisection, dlmidi- 

ANT. Integrity, entirety, totality, 
Hallow. SYN. Consecrate, venerate, 

reverence, enshrine, sanctify, dedi- 

ANT. Desecrate, profane, blaspheme, 
abominate, execrate. 
Halt. SYN. Stop, rest, limp, falter, 
hammer, stammer, demur, dubitate, 
pause, hold, stand still, hesitate. 

ANT. Advance, decide, determine, 
speed, flow, career. 

Hamper. SYN. Hinder [See FET- 

Hand. SYN. Laborer, workman, opera- 
tive, artisan, agency, influence, index. 

ANT. Employer. 

Handle. SYN. Feel, treat, use, man- 
age, manipulate, touch, wield, discuss. 

ANT. Drop, mismanage, bungle. 
Handmaid. SYN. Servant, auxiliary, 

ANT. Antagonist, opponent. 
Handsome. SYN. Comely,good-look- 
ing, generous, liberal, beautiful, am- 
ple, pretty, graceful, lovely, elegant. 
ANT. Uncomely, ill-looking, ungen- 
erous, illiberal, unhandsome. 
Handy. SYN. Near, convenient, use- 
ful, helpful, manageable, dexterous, 
ready, expert. 

ANT. Remote, Inconvenient, awk- 
ward, useless, cumbrous, unwieldy, 

Hang. SYN. Rest, lean, depend, sus- 
pend, poise. 

ANT. Stand. 

Hanker [Used with the prep, after], 
SYN. Long, yearn, crave, hunger. 

ANT. Dislike, shun, loathe, abomi- 
nate, detest, abhor,>avoid. 
Hap [See LUCK]. 
Hapless [See LUCKLESS]. 
Haply [See PERHAPS]. 
Happen [See LUCK and BEFALL]. 
Happiness. SYN. Enjoyment, well- 
being [See BLISS]. 

Happy. SYN. Lucky, fortunate, felici- 
tous, successful, delighted, joyous, 
merry, blithesome, prosperous, glad, 

ANT. Unlucky, unfortunate.infelici- 
tous, unsuccessful, sorrowful, sorry, 
disapointed, dull, lugubrious, de- 
sponding, unhappy. 

Harangue. SYN. Speech, oration, dec- 
lamation, effusion, rant. 

ANT. Stammer,stutter,mutter,mmn- 
ble, drawl, insinuation, suggestion, 
reasoning, blandiloquence. 

HAR 128 

Harass. SYN. Weary, annoy, fatigue, 
jade, tease, irritate, chafe, molest, 
worry, vex, harrow, pester, tor a. ent, 
tire, perplex, distress. 

ANT. Refresh, comtort, solace, re- 
lieve, soothe, animate, inspirit. 

Harbinger. SYN. Announcer, her- 
ald, precursor, forerunner. 

ANT. Reporter, narrator, relator, 
historian, follower, attendant. 

Harbor, n. SYN. Haven, rest, refuge, 
shelter, anchorage, home, asylum, 

ANT. Labor, toil, peril, exposure, 
voyage, roving, roaming, wandering, 
pilgrimage, tossing. 

Harbor, v. SYN. Cherish, accommo- 
date, entertain, encourage, indulge, 
shelter, foster, lodge. 

ANT. Eject, expel, discard, discour- 
age, stifle, exclude, banish, dismiss. 

Hard. SYN. Firm, dense, solid, com- 
pact, unyielding, impenetrable, ar- 
duous, difficult, grievous, distressing, 
rigorous, oppressive, exacting, un- 
feeling, stubborn, harsh, forced, con- 
strained, inexplicable, flinty, severe, 
cmel, obdurate, hardened, callous. 

ANT. Soft, fluid, liquid, elastic, brit- 
tle, penetrable, easy, mild, lenient, 
tender, ductile, uninvolved, simple, 
intelligible, perspicuous. 

Harden. SYN. Inure, train, habituate, 
confirm, indurate, consolidate, com- 

ANT. Disinure, relax, enervate, de- 
bilitate, dishabituate, soften, melt, 
mollify, colliquate, vaporize. 

Hardened [SeeHAKD].- 

Hardihood. SYN, Resolntion, in- 
trepidity, pluck [See AUDACITY J. 

Hardly. SYN. Barely, just, scarcely, 
narrowly, merely. 

ANT. Fully, amply, easily, largely, 

Hardship. SYN. Trouble, burden, 
annoyance, grievance, calamity, in- 
fliction, endurance, affliction. 

ANT. Pleasure, amusement, allevia- 
tion, recreation, gratification, relief, 
assuagement, facilitation, boon, treat. 

Hardy. SYN. Inured, robust, strong, 
resolute, stout-hearted, vigorous, in- 
trepid, brave, manly, valiant. 

ANT. Weak, uninured, delicate, ir- 
resolute, enervated, debilitated, ten- 
der, fragile. 


Harm. SYN. Hurt, mischief, injury, 
detriment, damage, evil, wrong, mis- 
fortune, ill, mishap. 

ANT. Beuefit, boon, ainel (oration, 
improvement, reparation, compensa- 
tion, healing, remedy. 

Harmless. SYN. Innocuous, innox- 
ious, inoffensive, innocent, gentle. 

ANT. Nocuous, noxious, hurtful, 
savage, cruel, deadly, violent, mis- 
chievous, destructive, pernicious. 

Harmonious. SYN. Congruous, ac- 
cordant, proportioned, uniform, me- 
lodious, musical, dulcet, tuneful, con- 
sistent, peaceful, agreeable, amica- 
ble, friendly, concordant. 

ANT. Incongruous, discordant, dis- 
proportioned. unshapely, harsh, nn- 
melodious, sharp, grating, unfriend- 
ly, riotou, unpeaceful. quarrelsome. 

Harmonize fSee ACCORD]. 

Harmony [See AGREEMENT and 

Harness, n. [See ACCOUTREMENTS], 

Harp. v. (Metaphor.) SYN. Strum, 
hammer, drum, peg. 

ANT. Touch, handle, treat, man- 
age, illustrate. 

Harrow [See HABASS]. 

Harsh. SYN. Rough, grating, severe, 
sharp, rugged, acrimonious, abusive, 
soul-jarring, rancorous, rigorous, 
discordant, gruff. 

ANT. Smooth, melodious, lenient, 
suave, bland, gentle, genial, kindly. 

Harshly [See HARSH]. 

Haste. SYN. Speed, celerity, expedi- 
tion, hurry, despatch, excitement, 
heedlessness, swiftness. 

ANT. Slowness, tardiness, delay, 
coolness, reflection, moderation, 

Hasten. SYN. Accelerate, urge, ex- 
pedite, speed, press, hurry, haste, 

ANT, Retard, impede, obstruct, de- 
mur, hesitate, halt. 

Hasty. SYN. Speedy, rapid, superfi- 
cial, hurried, irascible, impetuous, 
reckless, headlong, crude, incom- 
plete, undeveloped, immature, swift, 
precipitate, fiery, passionate, slight, 
quick, excitable, rash, cursory. 

ANT. Slow, leisurely, careful, close, 
reflective, developed, matured, com- 
plete, elaborate, thoughtful, delib- 




Hatch. SYN. Prepare, conooct, de- 
vise, scheme, brew, plot, contrive, in- 

ANT. Disconcert, upset, expose, dis- 
sipate, counteract, baffle, mar, spoil, 
frustrate, neutralize. 

Hate [See ABHOR]. 

Hateful. SYN. Abominable, detesta- 
ble, vile, odious, heinous, execrable, 
loathsome, repulsive. 

ANT. Lovable, lovely, desirable, 
delightful, attractive, enticing, en- 
joyable, tempting, pleasant. 

Haughty [See AFFABLE]. 

Hani [See DRAG]. 

Haunt [See ABANDON], 

Have. STN. Own, possess, feel, enter- 
tain, accept, bear, enjoy, keep. 

ANT. Want, need, lose, forego, dis- 
card, reject, miss, desiderate, covet, 

Haven [See HARBOR]. 

Havoc. SYN. Desolation, ruin, waste, 
wreck, ravage,demolition,destruction, 

ANT. Conservation, enhancement, 
enrichment, augmentation, develop- 
ment, producti veness,luxuriance,pros- 

Hawk. STN. Sell, peddle, retail. 

ANT. Reserve, store, suppress, with- 
hold, house, bond. 

Hawker, n. [See HAWK]. 

Hazard. SKN. Peril, risk, jeopardy, 
danger, chance, imperil, dare. 

ANT. Safety, security, protection, 
warrant, certainty, calculation, law. 

Hazy. SYN. Foggy, nebulous, misty, 
filmy, gauzy, cloudy, murky, calig- 

ANT. Diaphanous, clear, crystal- 
line, transparent. 

Head. SYN. Top, crown, chief.leader, 
ruler, mind, source, section, division, 
topic, gathering, culmination, ciisis, 
leadership, guide, commander, acme, 

ANT. Tail, bottom, foot, follower, 
servant, retainer, subordinate, sub- 
ordination, inferiority, body, bulk, 
subject, continuation. 

Heading [See TITLE"!. 

Headlong [See HASTY]. 

Headstrong [See OBSTINATE], 

Hi-ill. SYN. Cure, repair, restore, 
remedy, assuage, cicatrize, recon- 

ANT. Harm, hurt, wound, pierca, 

Healthy. SYN. Vigorous, sound, ro- 
bust, strong, hale, salubrious, whole- 
some, hearty, healthful. 

ANT. Unhealthy, unsound, weak, 
delicate, fragile, noxious, pernicious, 

Health [See HEALTHY]. 
Hearsay. SYN. Report, rumor, gos- 

ANT. Personal knowledge. 
Heart. SYN. Core, nucleus, kernel, 
interior, center, character, disposi- 
tion, courage, hardihood, nature, life, 
feeling, benevolence. 

ANT. Exterior, hand, action, aspect, 
manifestation, conduct, deed, tim- 

Heart-broken. SYN. Disconsolate, 
broken-hearted, woe-begone, incon- 

ANT. Cheerful, hopeful, trusting. 
Heartiness [See HEABTY]. 
Hearty. SYN. Healthy, robust, cor- 
dial, sound, warm, honest, earnest, 
genuine, well, sincere, heartfelt, 

ANT. Unhealthy, delicate, infirm, 
cold, insincere. 

Heartily. SKN. Cordially, zealously, 
sincerely, earnestly. 

ANT. Half-heartedly, insincerely. 
Heat. SYN. Warmth, ardor, passion, 
excitement, fever, ebullition, intens- 

ANT. Coolness, indifference, subsi- 
dence, calmness, composure, reflec- 

Heathenish. SYN. Unconverted, un- 
christian, pagan, uncivilized, unbe- 

ANT. Christian, believing, polished, 
refined, civilized. 

Heave. SYN. Lift, raise, uplift, up- 
raise, sublevate, hoist. 

ANT. Dash, sink, lower, detrude, 
Heavenly [See CELESTIAL and Atr- 


Heaviness [See HEAVY]. 

Heavy. SYN. Weighty, ponderous, 
inert, slow, stupid, dull, impenetrable, 
stolid, cumbrous, grievous, afflictive, 
oppressive, burdensome, sluggish, la* 
borious, depressed. 




ANT. Light, trifling, trivial, agile, 
active, quick, brisk, joyous, allevia- 
tive, condolatory, inspiriting, ani- 
mating, buoyant. 

Hector, v. SYN. Bully, swagger, an- 
noy, bluster, boast, vaunt, harass, 
threaten, tease, worry. 

ANT. Cower, shrink, hide, skulk, ab- 

Hector, n. [See HECTOR, .] 

Heed. v. SYN. Mind, regard, notice, 
aitend to, observe. 
ANT. Disregard, slight, ignore. 

Heed. n. [See HEED, t>.]. 

Heedful. SYN. MindfuJ, careful, con- 
siderate, cautious, wary, circumspect. 
ANT. Unmindful, careless, heedless, 
reckless, unheedful. 

Heedless [See HEEDFUL]. 

Height. SYN. Altitude, elevation, 
talluess, summit, exaltation, culmina- 
tion, top, apex, climax, acme, crisis. 

ANT. Depth, lowness. depression, 
littleness, base, abasement. 

Heighten. SYN. Exalt, increase, en- 
hance, intensify, color, vivify, aggra- 
vate, raise, exaggerate, lift up, ampli- 

ANT. Lower, depress, diminish, de- 
teriorate, abase, temper, tone, exten- 
uate, modify, quality. 

Heinous. SYN. Hateful, fragrant, Jo 
testable, flagitious, atrocious, odious, 
abominable, execrable, enormous. 

ANT. Excellent, laudable, merito- 
rious, praiseworthy, distinguished, 
justifiable, excusable, palliable. 

Hellish [See AHGELIC]. 

Help. v. SYN. Aid, succor, remedy, 
prevent, avoid, assist, promote, co- 
operate, relieve, second. 

ANT. Oppose, obstruct, aggravate, 

Help. n. [See HELP, .]. 

Helpless [See FORLORN]. 

Hem. r. [See BORDER]. 

Herald, n. [See HARBINGER]. 

Herculean [See GIGANTIC]. 

Herd. r. [See CONGREGATE]. 

Hereditary. SYN. Inherited, ances- 
tral, lineal. 
ANT. Conferred, acquired, won, 

HerenF. SYN. Schism, unorthodoxy. 
ANT. Orthodoxy, catholicity 

Heritage. SXN. Inheritaace, entail- 
ment, legacy, Uoquvst. 

ANT. Acquisition, merit, wages, 

Hermetically. SYN. Air-tight, close- 

ANT. Loosely, misfittingly. 
Hero [See CHAMPION!. 
Heroic. SYN. Brave, undaunted, chiv- 
alrous, daring, romantic, gallant, fear- 
less, courageous, intrepid, dauntless. 

ANT. Dastardly,cowardly, cravenly, 

Hesitate. SYN. Dubitate, waver, de- 
mur, scruple, falter, stammer, pause, 

ANT. Decide, determine, run, flow, 

Heterodox. SYN. Unsound, hereto 

ANT. Sound, orthodox. 
Heterogeneous. SYN. Strange, dis- 
similar, alien, discordant. 

ANT. Accordant, congruous, homo- 
geneous, sLuilar. 
Hew. SYN. Cut. hack, chop, fall. 

ANT. Mould, model, form, carve, en- 
grave, sculpture, levigate, turn. 
Hibernal. SYN. Wintry, arctic, bru- 
mal, glacial. 

ANT. Summerly, zephyrous, balmy, 

Hide. SYN. Conceal, secrete, mask, 
dissemble, store, protect, disguise, en- 
sconce, screen, cover, burrow. 

ANT. Expose, discover, exhibit,man- 
ifest, betray, strip. 

Hideous. SYN. Frightful, unshapely, 
monstrous, horrid, horrible,ugly,gris- 
ly, grim, ghastly. 

ANT. Graceful, beautiful, captiva- 
ting, attractive. 
Hie. SYN. Fly, haste, speed. 

ANT. Falter, stop, stay, lag, stick. 
Higgle [See HAGGLE]. 
High. SYN. Elevated, lofty, tall, emi- 
nent, excellent, noble, haughty, vio- 
lent, proud, exalted. 

ANT. Depressed, low, stunted, ig- 
noble, mean, base, affable. 
Highly. SYN. Greatly, exceedingly, 
extremely, very much. 

ANT. Hardly, barely, scarcely. 
Hilarity [See DESPAIR]. 
Hinder. SYN. Prevent, interrupt, ob- 
struct, retard, debar, embarrass, im- 
pede, thwart, block, stop. 

AT. Accelerate, expedite, enable, 
promote, facilitate. 

BIN 131 

flinderance [See HINDER]. 
Hinge. STN. Move, turn, hang, de- 
pend, work, rotate, circulate. 

ANT. Halt, crepitate, jar, grate. 
Hint. n. [See CUE]. 
Hint. v. [See SUGGEST], 
Hire. STN. Engage, commission, em- 
ploy, rent. 

ANT. Buy, purchase. 
Hit. STN. Strike, succeed, chance, 
reach, hazard, mistake, touch. 

ANT. Fail, mischance, err. miss. 
Hitcb. STN. Stick, stickle, oar, jam, 
catch, hang. 

ANT. Run, glide, elide, rotate, flow. 
Hoard. STN. Treasure, accumulate, 
husband, store up, amass, heap up, 
lay up. 

ANT. Waste, squander, dissipate. 
Hoarse. STN. Harsh, grating, husky, 
raucous, rough, gruff. 

ANT. Mellifluous,inellow,rich,6weet, 

Hoary. SYN. White, gray, silvery, 

ANT. Dark, raven, jet. 
Hoax. STN. Befool, gammon, bam- 
boozle, dupe, trick, trepan. 

ANT. Guide, enlighten, undeceive, 
inform, direct, correct, regulate. 
Hobby. STN. Limp, falter. 

ANT. Bun, course, speed, leap. 
Hobble. STN. Pursuit, whim, amuse- 
ment, specialty, idiosyncrasy. 

ANT. Nuisance, horror, aversion, 
bugbear, scarecrow, incubus. 
Hoyden. STN. Romp, tomboy. 

ANT. Prude. 

Hold. STN. Keep, grasp, retain, sup- 
port, restrain, defend, maintain, oc- 
cupy, possess, sustain, regard, con- 
eider, cohere, continue, have. 

ANT. Drop, abandon, surrender, 
fail, release, desert, forego, vacate, 
concede, break, cease. 
Hollow, adj. (Metaphor.) STN. Emp- 
ty,concave, foolish, weak,faithless, in- 
sincere, artificial, unsubstantial, void, 
flimsy, transparent, senseless, vacant, 
unsound, false. 

ANT. Full, solid, well-stored, strong, 
firm, sincere, true, genuine, substan- 
tial, sound. 

Holy. STN. Sacred, reverend, pure, 
consecrated, religious, saintly, pioUB, 
devout, divine, hallowed, devout, 


ANT. Profane, evil, impure, on 

Homage. STN. Fealty, allegiance, 
submission, worship, deference, al, 
fiance, respect, veneration. 

ANT. Treason, rebellion, disaffeo. 
tion, insubordination, defiance. 

Home [See ABODE J. 

Homely. STN. Plain, course, un- 

ANT. Handsome, beautiful, re- 
fined, courtly. 

Homogeneous [See HETEBOGENE- 

Honest. STN. Honorable, upright, 
virtuous, proper, right, sincere, con- 

ANT. Dishonest, dishonorable, vi- 
cious, improper, wrong, insincere. 

Honesty. STN. Integrity, probity, 
uprightness, straightforwardness, 
fairness, sincerity, honor, rectitude, 
virtue, justice, veracity. 

ANT. Dishonest,chicanery,trickery, 
insincerity, deception, fraud, unfair- 
ness, guile. 

Honor. STN. Respect, reverence, no- 
bility, dignity, eminence, reputation, 
fame, high-mindedness, spirit, self- 
respect, renown, grandeur, esteem. 

ANT. Disrespect, contempt, irrever- 
ence, slight, obscurity, degradation, 
disgrace, abasement, demoralization, 
cowardice, dishonor, infamy. 

Honorable. STN. High-minded, up- 
right [See HONEST J. 

Honorary. STN. Gratuitous, uno*- 
ficia'i, unremunerative, nominal, titu- 

ANT. Official, remunerative, pro- 
fessional, jurisdictional. 

Hoot. SifN. Hiss, execrate, denounce, 
sibilate, decry. 

ANT. Cheer, honor, acclaim, eulo- 
gize, salute, welcome. 

Hope. STN. Anticipation, prospect, 
vision, longing, confidence, desire, 
expectation, trust, 

ANT. Despair, despondency, dis- 
trust, disbelief, abandonment, abjura- 

Horrible. STN. Abominable, detest- 
able, dreadful, fearful, hideous, ghast- 
ly, terrific, hateful, direful, horrid, 
awful, frightful. 
ANT. Lovely, desirable, enjoyable, 

HOB 133 

attractive, beautiful, fair, pleasant, 

Horrid [See HORRIBLE]. 

Horror. SYN. Fear, dread, shrink- 
ing, loathing, detestation, awe, dis- 
may, fright, terror, excessive fear. 

ANT. Love, attraction, allurement, 

Horse. SYN. Steed, charger, courser, 
Bozinante, nag, barb. 

Hospitable. SYN. Sociable, neigh- 
borly, charitable. 

ANT. Unsociable, exclusive, retired, 
unueighborly, churlish, recluse. 

Host. SYN. Multitude, number, assem- 
blage, army. 

ANT. Handful, sprinkling, knot, 
group, corps, section. 

Hostage. SYN. Sponsor, bail, surety. 
ANT. Dictator, conqueror. 

Hostility [See ANIMOSITY]. 

Hot. SYN. Fiery, burning, fervent, 
glowing, pungent, violent [See AR- 

Hound. SYN. Pursue, hunt, prose- 

ANT. Liberate, discard, abandon, 

House [See ABODE]. 

Hubbub [See BABBLE]. 

Huddle. SYN. Mix, confuse, derange, 

ANT. Assort, arrange, adjust, clas- 

Huge. SYN. Enormous, monstrous, 
colossal, vast, bulky, large, great, 
prodigious, immense, stupendous, 

ANT. Petty, undersized, pigmy, 

Human. SYN. Ethnical, cosmical, an- 
thropological, rational, civilized. 
ANT. Inhuman, beastly, irrational. 

Humane. SYN. Benign, kind, tender, 
mercif ul, benevolent, compassionate. 

ANT. Unkind, cruel, unmerciful, in- 

Humanity. SYN. Man, mankind, 
kindness, tenderness, compassion, 
ANT. Unkindness, cruelty, inhu- 
manity, bestiality, irrationality, bar- 

Humanize. SYN. Civilize, ameli- 
orate, enlighten, christianize, refine. 
ANT. Barbarize, degrade, debase, 
depress, brutalize. 

Humble. SYN. Low, lowly, obscure, 
meek, modest, unassuming, unpre- 
tending, submissive. 

ANT. High, lofty, eminent, proud, 
boastful, arrogant, assuming, preten- 

Humid. SYN. Moist, wet, vaporous, 
spongy, damp. 

ANT. Dry, arid, parched, moisture- 

Humiliate [See HUMBLE and 

Humiliation [See ABASEMENT]. 
Humility [See HUMBLE]. 

Humor. SYN. Disposition, temper, 
mood, caprice, jocoseness, pleasantry, 
frame, drollery, fun. 

ANT. Nature, personality, mind, 
will, purpose, seriousness. 

Humorous. SYN. Facetious, comical, 
witty, funny, 

ANT. Grave, serious, sober, matter- 

Humorsome [See FANCIFUL]. 

Hunt I See HOUND,]. 

Hurl [See DABT]. 

Hurry (See ACCELERATE]. 

Hurt. v. SYN. Wound, bruise, harm, 
injure, damage, pain, grieve. 

ANT. Heal, soothe, console, repair, 
reinstate, compensate, benefit. 

Hurt. n. SYN. Harm, injury, damage, 
wound, detriment, mischief. 
ANT. Benefit, pleasure. 

Hurtful. SYN. Mischievous, injuri- 
ous, pernicious, baleful, deleterious, 
baneful, noxious, detrimental, preju- 
dicial [See PERNICIOUS], 

Husband [See ECONOMIZE], 

Ilusli [See SILENCE]. 

Husky [See HOARSE]. 

Hustle [See JOSTLE J. 

Hybrid. SYN. Mixed, impure, mon- 
grel, mule. 
ANT. Pure, unmixed, thoroughbred. 

Hypocrisy [See HYPOCRITE]. 

Hypocrite. SYN. Feigner, pretender, 
dissembler, imposter, cheat, deceitful 

ANT. Saint, believer, Christian, sim- 
pleton, dupe, bigot, fanatic, lover of 

Hypocritical. SYN. Pharisaical, 
^anctimoftious, smug, smooth, mealy, 
unctuous, mincing. 

ANT. Plain-spoken, candid, truth- 
ful, sincere, genuine, transparent. 



IDEA. SYN. Image, notion, concep- 
tion, belief, doctrine, supposition, un- 
derstanding, fiction, fancy, thought, 
opinion, impression, sentiment. 

ANT. Object, iorm, subject, thing, 

Ideal. SYN. Mental, notional, concep- 
tional, intellectual, creative, spiritual, 
poetical, supposititious, fictitious, un- 
real, imaginary, chimerical, fanciful, 

ANT. Physical, visible, material, 
tangible, historical, real, actual, pal- 
pable, substantial. 

ideality. SYN. Fancy, creativeness, 

ANT. Imitation, uninventiveness, 
unimaginativeness, copyism. 
Identity. SYN. Unite, integrate, re- 
cognize, verify, incorporate. 

ANT. Divide, disunite, confound, 
confuse, overlook, mistake. 
Identical. SYN. Same, self-same, 

ANT. Different, separate, contrary. 
Identity. SYN. Oneness, unity, same- 
ness, personality, individuality, con- 

ANT. Difference, distinctness, sepa- 
rateness, plurality, contrariety. 
Idiocy. SYN. Imbecility, aberration, 
insanity, fatuity. 

ANT. Sanity, sagacity, intelligence, 
sense, judgment. 

Idiom. SYN. Specialty, peculiarity, 
characteristic, phrase, turn. 
ANT. Solecism, barbarism. 
Idiosyiicracy. SYN. Peculiarity, 
constitution, temperament, specialty, 
characteristic, individuality, SI^KU- 
larity, eccentricity. 

ANT. Community, universality, 
Idiot. SYN. Imbecile, fool. . 

ANT. Luminary, sage, authority. 
Idle. SYN. Void, unoccupied, waste, 
vain, empty, unemployed, useless, in- 
active, lazy, indolent. 

ANT. Tilled, occupied, populated, 
filled, employed, assiduous, industri- 

Idolize. SYN. Worship, adore, ven- 

ANT. Loathe, execrate, abominate. 
Ignite [See KINDLE]. 
Ignoble. SYN. Mcun, base, dishonor- 
able, humble, plebian, lowly. 

ANT. Honorable, noble, eminen , 
exalted, lordly, grand, notable, illus- 

IgiiominiouH. SYN. Shameful, scan- 
dalous, dishonorable, infamous. 

ANT. Honorable, reputable, credit- 

Ignominy. SYN. Disgrace, reproba- 
tion, shame, reproach, contempt, dis- 
honor, infamy, obloquy. 

ANT. Credit, reputation, honor, dis- 
tinction, glory, lustre, renown. 
Ignoramus. SYN. Dunce, dullard. 

ANT. Savant, luminary. 
Ignorance [See KNOWLEDGE]. 
Ignorant. SYN. Untaught, uneduca. 
ted. uninformed, unlearned, illiterate, 
unlet tered. 

ANT. Wise, learned, cultured, cul- 
ti vat cd ,irell-informed. 
Ignore SYN. Disown, repudiate, over- 

ANT. Own, notice, mark, visit, rec- 
111. n. SYN. Evil, misfortune [See 

111. a. SYN. Bad, sick, unwell, indis- 
posed, poorly, out of sorts, diseased. 
ANT. Well, healthy, strong, vig- 
orous See GOOD). 

Ill-bred. SYN. Impolite, uncivil, ill- 
mannered, rude. 

ANT. Polite, well-behaved, civil, 
courteous, refined. . 

Illegal | See LEGAL]. 
Illegible [See LEGIBLE]. 
Illegitimate [See LEGAL], 
Illiberal [See LIBERAL]. 
Illicit [See LICIT], 
Illiterate [See LITERARY]. 
Illogical [See LOGICAL]. 
Ill-treat. SYN. Maltreat, abuse, ill- 
use, misuse. 

ANT. Treat well [See ABUSE]. 
Illuminate. SYN. Lignceu, enlight- 
en, emblazon, irradiate. 

ANT. Darken, obscure, bedim. 
Illusion. SYN. Dream, mockery, de- 
ception, delusion, hallucination, p.ian- 
tasm, vision, myth, false show, er- 
ror, fallacy. 

ANT. Fora, reality, body,substa ice. 
Illusive. SYN. Deceptive, vision try, 




unreal, disappointing, fugitive, erro- 
neous, false, imagmary,chimerical,de- 
lusive, illusory. 

ANT. Substantial, satisfactory, real, 
true, permanent, solid. 
Illustrate. SYN. Elucidate, inter- 
pret, exemplify, demonstrate, repre- 
sent, explain, embody, paint, image, 
make clear. 

ANT. Obscure, misinterpret, mys- 
tify, confuse, misrepresent, darken. 
Illustrative [See ILLUSTRATE]. 
Illustrious. SYN. Renowned, glori- 
ous, brilliant, deathless, eminent, 
distinguished, celebrated, conspicu- 
ous, noble, famous. 

ANT. Ignominious, disgraceful, dis- 
reputable, inglorious, infamous. 
Ill-will. SYN. Antipathy, hatred, 
malevolence, dislike, aversion [See 
Image. SYN. Statue, likeness, repre- 
sentation, effigy, copy, metapnor, 
idea, conception, fiction, shadow, 
picture, vision. 

ANT. Person, original, substance, 
subject, object, reality, truth, ver- 

Imagery. SYN. Poetry, fancy, illus- 
tration, metaphor, similitude. 

A.N r . Prose, statement, fact. 
Imaginary, adj. [See IMAGE and 


Imaginative. SYN. Creative, con- 
ceptive, ideal, poetical, romantic, in- 
ventive, original. 

ANT. Unimaginative, unpoeticai, 
unromautic, prosaic, matter-of-fact, 
literal, uninventive. 

Imagine. SYN. Conceive, suppose, 
Rurmise, understand, fancy, fabricate, 
deem, presume, think, appreuead. 

ANT. Kepresent, exhibit, demon- 
strate, prove, substantiate, verify, 

Imbecile. SYN. Foolish, idiotic, fat- 

ANT. Shrewd, sagacious, clever. 
Imbecility. SYN. Feebleness, se- 
nility, weakness, dotage. 

ANT. Strength, energy, vigor, vi- 
rility, power. 

Imbibe. SYN. Acquire, leam. assim- 
ilate, absorb, drink, swallow, take in, 
suck in. 

ANT. Discard, reject, renounce, 
disavow, abjure, repudiate. 

1 Imbolden. SYN. Enhearten, em- 
bolden, inspirit [See ENCOURAGE]. 
Imbrue. SYN. Wet, moisten, soak, 

ANT. Wring, dry, wipe, drain. 
Imbue. SYN. Tmge, dye, stain, im- 
preguate, inoculate, ingrain, affect, 

ANT. Disimbue, disinoculate, dis- 
abuse, cleanse, clear, purge, disin- 

Imitate. SYN. Represent, copy, re- 
semble, follow, portray, depict, re- 
peat, pattern after, mock, ape, coun- 
terfeit, mimic. 

ANT. Misrepresent, caricature, al- 
ter, vary, dissimilate, differentiate, 
modify, remodel, distort. 
Imitation [See IMITATE]. 
Imitative. SYN. Mimicking, carica- 
turing, copying, unoriginal, servile, 

ANT. Original, creative, inventive. 
Immaculate. SYN. Pure, sinless, 
spotless, stainless, virgin, unpolluted, 
undefiled, unsullied, unblemished, 

ANT. Impure, corrupt, sinful, con- 
taminated, denied, tainted, polluted, 

Immanent. SYN. Inherent, innate, 
subjective, indwelling, internal, in- 
trinsic, congenital, ingrained, natu- 
ral, implicit. 

ANT. Emanent, transitive, pro- 
jective, developed, exsilient. phe- 
nomenal, explicit, accidental, asci- 

Immunity. SYN. Cruelty, atrocity, 
savagery, ferocity, truculeiice. 

ANT. Mildness, gentleness, tender- 
ness, docility, mansuetude. 
Immaterial. SYN. Spiritual, incor- 
poreal, unimportant, insignificant, 
trivial, trifling, unessential. 

ANT. Material, physical, corporeal, 
essential, Important. 
Immature. SYN. Unripe, green, 
crude, imperfect, unfinished, unde- 

ANT. Ripe, complete, finished, ma- 
ture, developed. 

Immeasurable. SYN. Vast, bound- 
less, illimitable, immense, unfath- 
omable, infinite. 

ANT. Finite, bounded, limited, cir- 
cumscribed, shallow, restricted. 




Immediate. SYN. Proximate, con- 
tiguous, present, direct, instant, 

ANT. Distant, remote, future, me- 

Immediately. SYN. Without delay, 
instantly, forthwith, directly, pres- 
ently, straightway. 
ANT. With delay, after a while. 

Immemorial. SYN. Primitive, an- 
cient, archaic, primordial, time- 
honored, remote. 

ANT. Recent, modern, late, up- 
start, fresh. 

Immense [See IMMEASURABLE and 


Immerse. SYN. Dip, plunge, sink, 
soak, steep, macerate, duck, sub- 
merge, drown, inundate, douse, over- 

ANT. Dry, drain, parch, ventilate, 

Immersion [See IMMERSE]. 

Imtnetliodical [See METHODI- 

Immigration. STN. Migration, col- 
onization, settlement. 
ANT. Emigration, exodus. 

Imminent. SYN. Impending, hov- 
ering, threatening. 
ANT. Warded, staved, escaped. 

Immiscibility [See MISCIBLE]. 

Immissioii. SYN. Introduction, in- 
jection, insertion. 
ANT. Ejection, emission, discharge. 

Immitigable [See MITIGATE]. 

Immobility [See MOBILE]. 

Immoderate [See MODERATE]. 

Immodest. SYN. Indecent, shame- 
ful, impudent, indecorous. 

ANT. Modest, decorous, becoming, 
proper [See BECOMING]. 

Immolate. SYN. Sacrifice, victim- 

ANT. Spoil, humor, indulge, feed, 

Immoral [See MORAL], 

Immortal [See MORTAL]. 

Immovable [See MOVABLE]. 

Immundicity [See MUNDICITY]. 

Immunity. SYN. Exemption, dis- 
pensation, freedom, privilege. 

ANT. Liability, obligation, juris- 
diction, impost, burden, amenabil- 

Immure [See INCARCERATE]. 

Immutable [See MUTABLE]. 

Imp. STN. Brat, scamp, devil, do- 
ANT. Cherub, angel. 

Impact. SYN. Contact, application, 
impression, collision. 

ANT. Isolation, separation, inter- 
val, removal, avoidance, non-con- 
tact, shave. 

Impair. SYN. Deteriorate, injure, re- 
duce, damage, enfeeble, vitiate, di- 
minish, lessen. 

ANT. Enhance, improve, augment, 

Impalpable [Soe PALPABLE]. 

Imparity [See PARITY]. 

Impart [See GIVE], 

Impartial [See PARTIAL], 

Impassable [See PASSABLE], 

Impassible. SYN. Immaterial, im- 
ANT. Passible, mortal. 

Impassioned. SYN. Excited, fervid, 
passionate, glowing, vehement, im- 
petuous, spirited. 

ANT. Unimpassioned, cool, impas- 

Impassive [See IMPASSIONED]. 

Impatient [See PATIENT]. 

Impawn [See PAWN]. 

Impeach. SYN. Accuse, arraign, in- 
dict, criminate. 

ANT. Acquit, absolve, abet, vin- 

Impeccability [See PECCABILITY]. 

Impede [See ACCELERATE], 

Impediment. SYN. Hindrance, ob- 
stacle, obstruction, stumbling block. 

ANT. Aid, aidance, help, assistance, 
succor, support, furtherance, coad- 

Impel [See URGE], 

Impend. SYN. Hover, threaten. 
ANT. Pass, spare. 

Impenetrable [See PENETRABLE]. 

Impenitent [See PENITENT]. 

Imperative. SYN. Urgent, irresist- 
ible, dictatorial, inexorable,p%rempio- 
rily, compulsory, obligatory. 

ANT. Indulgent, lenient, mild, en- 
treative, supplicatory, optional, dis- 

Imperceptible [See PERCEPTIBLE]. 

Impercipieiit [See PBRCIPIENT]. 

Imperfect [See PERFECT], 

Imperfection. SYN. Deficiency, 
fault, failing, blemish, vice [See DB- 


136 IMF 

Imperlorate [See PERFORATE]. 

Imperial. SYS. Majestic, royal, mag- 
nificent, supreme, superb. 

ANT. Ignoble, servile, slavish.mean, 
paltry, beggarly. 

Imperil [See ENDANGER]. 

Imperious. SYN. Arrogant, exacting, 
dictatorial, authoritative, domineer- 
ing, haughty, lordly. 

ANT. Yielding, submissive, com- 
pliant, docile, ductile, lenient, gentle, 

Imperishable [See PERISHABLE]. 

Im permanence [See PEBMA- 

Impermeable [See PERMEABLE] 

Impersonal [See PERSONAL] 

Impersonate. SYN. Act, enact, rep- 
ANT. Detect, unmask, expose. 

Impertinent [See PERTINENT]. 

Imperturbable [See PERTURB and 

Impervious [See PERVIOUS]. 

Impetrate. SYN. Entreat, implore, 
obsecrate, pray, imprecate. 

ANT. Demand, command, claim, in- 
sist, deprecate, debort, dissuade, ex- 
postulate, remonstrate. 

Impetuous [SK- HASTY], 

Impiety [See PIETY]. 

Impious. SYN. Profane, irreverent, 
godless, wicked, blasphemous. 

ANT. Reverent, pious, godly, de- 
vout, reverential. 

Implgiiorate [See PAWN]. 

Impinge [See IMPACT]. 

Implacable [See PLACABLE]. 

Implant [See PLANT]. 

Implement. SYN. Instrument, uten- 
sil, tool, appliance. 

AN*. Labor, work, science, art, 
manufacture, agriculture. 

Impletion. SYN. Filling, satisfac- 
tion, supply. 

ANT. Failure, exhaustion, depriva- 
tion, disappointment. 

Implicate. SYN. Connect, associate, 
charge, criminate, involve, entangle, 
infold, compromise. 

ANT. Disconnect, dissociate, acquit, 

Implication [See IMPLICATE]. 

Implicit. SYN. Implied, involved, in- 
ANT. Expressed, explicit,developed. 

Implied [See IMPLICIT 1. 

Implore [See ENTREAT]. 

Imply. SYN. Involve, mean, indicate, 
suggest, hint, import, denote, include. 
ANT. Express, declare, state, pro- 

Impolite [See POLITE]. 

Impolitic [See POLITIC]. 

Imponderable [See PONDERABLE], 

Imponderous See PONDEROUS]. 

Imporous [See POROUS], 

Import. SYN. Introduce, bring. 
ANT. Export, banish. 

Import. SYN. Purport, meaning, 
drift, tenor, significance. 
ANT. Statement, proceeding. 

Importance. SYN. \V eight, moment, 
consequence, significance, significa- 
tion, avail, concern. 

ANT. Unimportance, insignificance, 
nothingness, immateriality. 

Important. SYN. Significant, express- 
ive, relevant, main, leading, consid- 
erable, great, dignified, influential, 
weighty, momentous, material, grave, 

ANT. Insignificant, trivial, inex- 
pressive, irrelevant, inconsiderable, 
petty, mean, uninfluential.secondary, 
unimportant, minor. 

Importation [See IMPORT. .]. 

Importunate. SYN. Over-urgent, 
over-entreative, pressing. 
ANT. Modest, diffident. 

Importune. SYN. Pester, solicit, ask 
urgently, press. 
ANT. 8urrender,abandon,sacrifice. 

Impose. SYN. Lay, inflict, fix, set, 
place, enjoin. 
ANT. Remove, disburden. 

Impose on. SYN. Delude, deceive, 
dupe, circumvent [See CHEAT, .]. 

Imposing. SYN. Striking, effective, 
dignified, grand, impressive, majes- 
tic, august, commanding. 
ANT. Ineffective,undignified, petty. 

Imposition [See CHEAT, n.J. 

Impossible [See POSSIBLE]. 

Impost. SYN. Imposition, tax, bur- 
den, custom, toll, tribute, excise,duty. 
ANT. Exemption, immunity, pro- 
ceeds, revenue. 

Impostor. SYN. Cheat, deceiver, dis 
tembler, charlatan, knave. 

ANT. Detector, undeceiver, guide, 
enligh tener. 

Imposture [See IMPOSTOR and 




Impotence. SYN. Incapacity, weak- 
ness, disqualification, disability. 

ANT. Capacity, vigor, ability, qual- 

Impotent. SYN. Weak, powerless, 
useless, feeble, helpless, nerveless, 

ANT. Strong, vigorous, powerful, 

Impound [See POUND"]. 

Impoverish fSee ENKICHJ. 

Impracticable [See PBACTICA- 


Imprecate [See IMPETRATE]. 

Impregnable [See PREGNABLK]. 

Impregnate. SYN. Fill, insert, im- 
bue, mix, combine, saturate, steep, 
vivify, fecundate, teach. 

ANT. Remove, evolve, extricate, 
render simple, separate, destroy, ex- 
tinguish, quench, be studious, learn. 

Impress, n. STN. Imprint, print, 
device, motto, impression, stamp 
[See DEVICE and STAMP]. 

Impress, v. STN. Stamp, print, im- 
print, inculcate, fix deeply. 

ANT. Learn, be Impressed, be stu- 
dious, be mindful. 

Impressive. STN. Forcible, sol- 
emn, affecting, imposing, impor- 

ANT. Weak, unimpressive, feeble, 
tame, jejune, dry, vapid, unimpor- 
tant, insignificant. 

Imprison. SYN. Immure, incarce- 
rate, shut up, confine. 

ANT. Free, liberate, open, set free. 

Imprisonment. SYN. Restraint, 
incarceration, durance, confinement. 
ANT. Freedom, liberation. 

Improper [See PBOPEB]. 

Improve. STN. Better, amend, ame- 
liorate, emend, correct, mend, rec- 
tify, reform [See AMELIORATE]. 

Improvement. SYN. Advancement, 
amendment, progress, increase, cor- 
rection, proficiency. 

ANT. Degeneracy, degeneration, 
deterioration, debasement, retrogra- 
datlon, retrogression. 

Improvident. SYN. Imprudent, i 
wasteful, prodigal, reckless, care- 
less, thoughtless; shiftless. 

ANT. Prudent, careful, saving, eco- 
nomical, provident [See THOUGHT- 
FUL], f 

Impudent. STN. Impertinent, inso- 

lent, saucy, shameless, brazen-faced, 
rude, bold, immodest. 

ANT. Servile, obsequious, syco- 
phantic, bashful, retiring, diffident, 
deferential, modest. 

Impudence. STN. Impertinence, in- 
solence, assurance, effrontery, rude- 
ness, sauciness, shamelessnet-s, au- 
dacity, hardihood. 

ANT. Obsequiousness, subservi- 
ency, abasement, sycophancy, flunk- 
eyism, humility [See MODESTT]. 

Impugn. STN. Gainsay, controvert, 
oppose, deny, attack, blame. 

ANT. Declare, state, allege, pro- 
pose, defend, repel, approve, com- 

Impulse. STN. Incentive, push, in- 
citement, force, influence, instiga- 
tion, feeling, sudden thought, mo- 

ANT. Rebuff, repulse, premedita- 
tion, deliberation [See INCENTIVE], 

Impulsive. SYN. Rash, hasty, way- 
ward, impressible [See RASH]. 

Impure. STN. Foul, unchaste, dirty 
[See PUBE]. 

Impute. SYN. Ascribe, refer, charge. 
ANT. Withdraw, retract. 

Inability [See ABILITY]. 

Inaccessible [See ACCESSIBLE]. 

Inaccurate [See ACCUBATE]. 

Inaction [See ACTION]. 

Inactive. STN. Idle, lazy, inert, in- 
dolent, sluggish, slothful. 
ANT. See Active. 

Inactivity [See ACTIVITY]. 

Inadequate [See ADEQUATE]. 

Inadmissible [See ADMISSIBLE], 

Inadvertence. SYN. Inadvertency, 
oversight, negligence, inattention, 
carelessness [See BLUNDER]. 
ANT. Correction, attention. 

Inadvertent. STN. Inobservant, 
careless, heedless. 
ANT. Careful, observant, accurate. 

Inalienable. STN. Alien, entailed, 
in transferable. 
ANT. Unentailed, transferable. 

Inane. SYN. Empty, pointless, vapid, 
feeble, characterless. 

ANT. Significant, pointed, power- 
ful, sensible, forcible. 

Inanimate [See ANIMATE]. 

Inanition. SYN. Emptiness, exhaus- 
tion, starvation. 
ANT. Fullness, plethora, repletion. 




Inanity. SYN. Emptiness, vacuity, 

pointlessness, unmeaningness [See 

ANT. Meaning, significance, signifi- 


Inappetency [See APPETITE]. 
Inapplicable [See APPLICABLE]. 
Inapposite [See APPOSITE J. 
Inappreciable. SYN. Infinitesimal, 

minute, imperceptible. 
ANT. Perceptible, ponderable, ap- 

preciable, calculable. 
Inappropriate [See PROPER]. 
Inapt [See APT]. 
Inarticulate. SYN. Dumb, mute, 

confused, inorganic. 
ANT. Articulated, enunciated, or- 

ganic. compound. 
Inartificial [See ARTIFICIAL]. 
Inattention [See ATTENTION], 
Inaudible. SYN. Low, inarticulate, 

suppressed, muttering, mumbling, sti- 

fled, muffled. 
ANT. Audible, outspoken, sonorous, 

articulate, clear, ringing, loud. 
Inaugurate. SYN. Initiate, com- 

mence, install. 
ANT. Deprive, divert, conclude, ter- 

Inauguration [See INAUGURATE 

Inauspicious [See AUSPICIOUS]. 
Inborn [See CONGENITAL]. 
Inbred [See CONGENITAL]. 
Incalculable [See CALCULATE]. 
Incandescence. SYN. Incalescence, 

glow, white heat 
ANT. Iciness, congelation, refrig- 

eration, crystallization. 
Incantation. SYN. Recitation, spell, 

charm, invocation. 

ANT. Exorcism, evocation. 
Incapable. SYN. Unqualified, un- 

able, incapable, unfitted, weak, in- 

competent, feeble, disqualified, in- 

ANT. Qualified, able, fitted, strong, 


Incapacious [See CAPACIOUS]. 
Incapacity [See CAPACITY]. 
Incarcerate. SYN. Immure, impris- 


ANT. Liberate, release. 
Incarceration [See IMPBLSON- 

Incarnadine. SYN. Redden, rubri- 
cate. crimson. 

ANT. Whiten, pale, etiolate. 

Incarnation. SYN. Embodiment, 

SYN. Disembodiment, spiritualizn- 
tion, abstraction. 

Incase. SYN. Inclose, enshrine, im- 
panel, board, batten. 

ANT. Unpack, extract, expose, dis- 

Incautious [See CAUTIOUS]. 

Incendiarism. SYN. Arson, confla- 

ANT. Extinction, quenching, anni- 

Incendiary [See INCENDIARISM]. 

Incense. SYN. Inflame, irritate, pro- 
voke, sting, nettle, exasperate, chafe, 

ANT. Allay, soothe, pacify, appease, 
mollify, conciliate. 

Inception [See BEGINNING]. 

Incentive. SYN. Inducement, excita- 
tion, rousing, motive, stimulus, spur. 
ANT. Discouragement, warning, dis- 
suasive, prohibition, deterrent. 

Inceptor [See INCEPTION]. 

Incertitude [See CERTAINTY]. 

Incessant. SYN. Continual, uninter- 
rupted, unintennittent, perpetual, un- 

ANT. Periodic, occasional, inter- 
rupted, intermittent. 

Inclioatlon [See BEGINNING and 

Incidence. SYN. Impingement, im- 
pact, stroke. 
ANT. Reflectlon,resilience.rebound. 

Incident [See INCIDENCE and 

Incidental. SYN. Casual, occasional, 
appertinent, concomitant, concurrent, 
accidental, fortuitous. 

ANT. Systematic, regular, indepen- 
dent, disconnected, irrelative, essen- 
tial, immanent, inherent, uniform, 

Incipience [See INCEPTION]. 

Incipient [See INCEPTION and BE- 

Inclrcumspect [See CIRCUM- 

Incite (See URGE], 

Incivility. SYN. Discourtesy, ill- 
breeding, ill-manners, uncourteou*- 

ANT. Civility, urbanity, good 
ners, politeness. 




Inclement, SY-T. Harsh, tyrannical, 
cruel, unmerciful, severe, stormy, 
rough, rigorous. 

ANT. Mild, benign, clement, genial, 

Incline, r. BYN. Slope, bear, lean, 
point, tend, dispose, induce, dip, bias, 
prompt, slant, be disposed. 

ANT. Trend, diverge, ascend, deter, 
rise, indispose, disincline. 

Inclination. SYN. Leaning, elope, 
tendency, disposition, proneness, apt- 
ness, predilection, bias, bent, attach- 
ment, affection, liking, wish. 

ANT. Inaptitude, inaptne'ss, dislike, 
disinclination [See BENT]. 

Inclose [See CONFINE and COVJIR]. 

Include [See CONTAIN and EM- 

Inclusive. SYN. Comprehensive, em- 
bracing, additive, implied. 

ANT. Exclusive excepted, renuncia- 
tive, adversative. 

Incognizable [See COGNIZANCE]. 

Incoherence. SYN. Disunion, dis- 
ruption, inconsecutiveness, solution, 

ANT. Coherence, continuity, close- 

Incoherent. SYN. Unconnected, in- 
congruous, inconsequential, loose. 

ANT. Coherent, connected [See CO- 

Incombustible. SYN. Uninflamma- 
ble, aphlogistic. 
ANT. Inflammable, combustible. 

Income. SYN. Proceeds, pay, allow- 
ANT. Disbursement, expenditure. 

Incommensurable [See COMMEN- 

Incommode [See ACCOMMODATE]. 

Incommunicable. SYN. Intrans- 
ferable, inalienable. 

ANT. Transferable, alienable, com- 

Incomparable. SYN. Matchless, 
unique, consummate, transcendent. 
ANT. Common, orflinary, average. 

Incompasslonate. SYN. Hard- 
hearted, unmerciful. 

ANT. Clement, benignant, compas- 
sionate, merciful. 

Incompatible [See COMPATIBLE]. 

Incompetence [See COMPETENCE], 

Incompetent [See ADEQUATSJ. 

Incomplete [See COMPLETE! 

Incomprenensible. SYN. Myste- 
rious, unfathomable, enigmatical. 

ANT. Comprehensible, cognizable, 

Incomprehension [[See COMPRE- 

Incompressible [See COMPRESS]. 

Inconceivable [See CONCEIVE]. 

Inconclnnlty. SYN. Inelegance 
stiffness, barbarism, slang, euphuism, 
cacophony . 

ANT. Concinnity, elegance, ease, 
purity, grace, gracefulness, euphony. 

Inconclusive [See CONCLUSIVE], 

Incongruous [See CONGRUOUS.] 

Inconsiderable [See CONSIDERA- 

Inconsiderate [See CONSIDERATE]. 

Inconsistent [See CONSISTENT.] 

Inconsolable. SYN. Cheerless, joy- 
less, spiritless, melancholy, gloomy, 
disconsolate, comfortless, forlorn, 
heartsick, in dispair. 
ANT. Cheerful, hopefnl. consolable. 

Inconsonant [See CONSONANT]. 

Inconstant. SYN. Fickle, mutable, 
variable, fitful, unstable, unsteadfast, 
changable (See CAPRICIOUS and 

Incontestable. SYN. Indisputable, 
unquestionable, unassailable, impreg- 

ANT, Dubious, questionable, prob- 
lematical, supposititious, aroitrary, 
assumptive, hypothetical. 

Incontiguous [See ADJACENT and 

Incontinent (See CONTINENCE]. 

Incontinently [See INCONTINENT], 

Incontrovertible FSee CONTRO- 


Inconvenience, v. SYN. Incom- 
mode, discommode, disturb, molest. 
ANT. Suit, aid, benefit, subserve, as- 
sist, help. 

Inconvenient [See CONVENIENT], 

Inconversible (See AFFABLE]. 

Inconvertible [See CONVERTIBLE]. 

Incorporal [See CORPORAL]. 

Incorporate [See INTEGRATE]. 

Incorrect [See CORRECT]. 

Incorrigible [See CORRIGIBLE]. 

Incorruptible [See CORRUPT], 

Interruption [See CORRUPTION], 

Incrassate [See THICKEN]. 

Increase v. SYN. Advance, heighten, 
dilut- enhance, aggregate, pile up, 




raise, magnify, spread [See DE- 

Increase, n, SYN. Accep?ion,growth, 
extension [See AUGMENTATION]. 

Incredible. SYN. Surpassing belief, 
fabulous, marvelous [See CREDI- 

Incredulity [See CREDULITY]. 

Increment [See AUGMENTATION]. 

Incrnst. SYN. Coat, overlay, plaster. 
ANT. Scrape, abrade, levigate, ex- 

Inculcate. SYN. Impress, urge, en- 
force, Infuse, instil, implant, press, 

ANT. Insinuate, suggest, disavow, 
abjure, denounce. 

Inculpate. SYN. Charge, criminate. 

Incumbent. SYN. Pressing, binding, 
coercive, indispensable, urgent, de- 
volvent, obligatory. 
ANT. Optional, discretional. 

Incur. SYN. Meet, run. 

ANT. Avoid, Bhun, elude, escape. 

Incurable. SYN. Irremediable, irre- 

ANT. Tractable, removable, rem- 

Incuriosity [See CURIOSITY]. 

Incursion. SYN. Invasion.encroach- 
ment, inroad, irruption, foray, raid, 
dragonnade, sally. 

ANT. Encampment, settlement, 
abode, retreat. 

Incurvation [See BEND]. 

Iiidagation [See EXAMINE]. 

Indebted. SYN Obliged, beholden. 
ANT. Disobliged, unbenolden. 

Indecent. SYN. Indelicate, immod- 
est, improper [See BECOMING and 

Indecision I See DECISION]. 

Indecisive [See DECISION]. 

Indecorum. SYN. Impropriety, 
coarseness, incorrectness. 

i ANT. Propriety, decorum, correct- 

Indeed. SYN. Truly, verily, certain- 
ly, really, in truth, in fact. 

ANT. Erroneous, untrue, void of 
truth, false, fallacious. 

Indefatigable. SYN. Unwearied, in- 
cessant, persistent, indomitable. 
ANT. Indo'ent, indifferent, idle. 

Indefeasible. SYN. Irreversible, 
unalterable, immutable. 

A.NT. Reversible, alterable, muta- 

Indefensible [See DEFENSIBLE]. 
Indefinite [See DEFINITE]. 
Indelible. SYN. Indestructible, in- 
defeasible, ineffaceable, persistent, 

ANt. Mutable, evanescent, tran- 
sient, eff aceable. 

Indelicate. SYN. Coarse, broad, in- 

ANT. Nice, refined, modest, deli- 

Indemnify. SYN. Compensate, se 
cure, satisfy, reimburse. 

ANT. Fine, mulct, amerce. 
Independent [See DEPENDENT]. 
Indescribable. SYN. Unaccount- 
able, inexpressible, ineffable, unutter- 

ANT. Familiar, ordinary. 
Indestructible. SYN. Imperishable, 

ANT. Perishable, destructible, dis- 

Indeterminate [See DETERMIN- 

Indicate. SYN. Show, evidence, be- 
tray, evince, manifest, declare, speci- 
fy, denote, point out, betoken, desig- 
nute, mark. 

ANT. Conceal, contradict, negative, 
misindicate, misdirect, falsify. 
Indication. SYN. Sign, token,man- 
ifestation, evidence, demonstration, 
note, symptom, proof, mark,proguc 3- 

ANT. Silence, undemonstrativeness, 
surmise, misdirection, misindication, 
Indict [See CHARGE]. 
Indifference. SYN. Triviality, un- 
importance, insignificance, coolness, 
carelessness, apathy, insensibility, 

ANT. Importance, significance, 
weight, gravity, eagerness, interest, 
affection, ardor. 

Indifferent. SYN. Luke-warm, care- 
less, unconcerned [See APATHETIC]. 
Indigent. SYN. Poor, straitened, 
needy, impecunious. 

ANT. Wealthy, rich, monied. 
Indigestible. S. Crude, raw, 

ANT. Digestible, nutritive, light. 
Indignation. SYN. Resentment, an- 



ger, denunciation, displeasure, exas- 
peration, ire, wrath, protestation. 

ANT. Gratification, admiration, ap- 
plause, approval, complacency. 

Indignity. SYN. Insult, rudeness, 
contemptuousness, opprobrium, dis- 
grace, slight, reproach, ignominy, dis- 
respect, outrage, affront. 

ANT. Deference, compliment, hom- 
age, respect. 

Indulgence [See DILIGENCE]. 

Indirect [See STBAIGHT and IN- 

Indiscernible [See DISCERNIBLE]. 

Iiidlscerptible [See INDESTBUCTI- 

Indtscpverable. SYN. Untraceable, 

ANT. Cognizable, traceable, discov- 

Indiscreet [See DISCBEET]. 

Indiscretion. SIN. Misconduct, mis- 
behavior, misdoing, misdeed, derelic- 
tion, delinquency, lapse, trip, slip, 
flaw, blot, omissiou,trespass,/auxpa, 

ANT. Guilt, crime, innocence, good 
behavior, guiltlessness, incorruption, 

.Indiscriminate. SYN. Mixed, con- 
fused, medley, promiscuous, ill-as- 
sorted, undiscerning, uudisiingUish- 
ing, undiscrimiuating. 

ANT. Careful, sorted, select, dis- 

Indiscrimination. SYN. Indis- 
tinctness, indistinction, uncertainty, 
doubt, confusion,promiscuousness. 

ANT. Discrimination, distinctness, 
distinct! m, differentiation. 

Indispensable. SYN. Necessary, es- 
sential, requisite, needful, expedient. 
ANT. Unnecessary, unessential, in- 
expedient, dispensable. 

Indisposed. SYN. Disinclined, un- 
willing, reluctant, sick, ailing. 

ANT. Inclined, prompt, ready, will- 
ing, eager, desirous, sound, healthful. 

Indisputable. SYN. Unquestionable, 
indubitable, infallible, sure, certain 

Indissoluble. SYN. Inviolable, in- 
separable, indis^erptible, indestructi- 

ANT. Separable, terminable, dis- 
cerptible, dissoluble. 

Indistinct. SYN. Indiscriminate, am- 

biguous, imperfect, uncertain fse 

Indistinguishable. SYN. Indis- 
cernible, inappreciable, minute, con- 

ANT. Distinguishable, conspicuous. 
Indite. SYN. Prompt, suggest, di<x 
tat c, word, compose. 

ANT. Write, transcribe, pen (as un 

Individual. SYN. Personal, specific, 
peculiar, indivisible, identical, singu- 
lar, idiosyncratic, special, single, sep- 
arate, particular. 

ANT. General, common, collective, 

Invisible. SYN. Minute, atomic, ulti- 

ANT. Divisible, discerptible, sep- 

Illdocillty. n. SYN. Inefficiency, in- 
competence, inaptitude, ineptitude, 
imbecility, incapacity, obstinacy, dog- 
gdduess stubbornness. 

ANT Efficiency, competency, apti- 
tude, power, pliancy, teachableness, 

Indoctrinate [See INSTBTJCT]. 
Indolence [See ACTIVITY], 
Indolent [See ACTIVE]. 
Indomitable. SYN. Invincible, un- 
tamable, irrepressible, indefatigable. 

ANT. Effortless, feeble, languid. 
Indorse. SYN. Sanction, approve, 
subscribe, accept. 

ANT. Protest, repudiate, cancel, ab- 
jure, renounce. 

Indubitable [See DOUBT and IN- 
Indubious. SYN.TTnambiguous,plain, 

apparent, clear [See EQUIVOCAL], 
Induce, v. Produce, cause, prompt, 
persuade, instigate, impel, actuate, 
urge, influence, move, prevail on. 

ANT. Slave, prevent, disincline, dis- 

Induction. SYN. Collection, colla- 
tion, gathering, application (as cor- 
relative to it). 

ANT. Statement, generalization, 
proposition, class, principle, law, de- 
duction, inference, argumentation, 

Indue [See DIVEST]. 
Indulge. SYN. Spoil, pamper, humor, 
gratify, cherish, bask, revel, grovel, 
foster, favor, allow. 


ANT. Thwart, deny, contradict, dis- 
appoint, discard, abjure, counteract, 
renounce, mortify, discipline. 

Indulgent. SYN. Compliant, for- 
bearing, tender, tolerant. 

ANT. Harsh, severe, rough [See 

Indurate [See HARDEN]. 

Industrious. SYN. Diligent, labori- 
ous, busy, assiduous active, hard- 

ANT. Lazy, shiftless, idle. 

Industry. SYN. Activity, toil, assi- 
duity, diligence, perseverance. 

ANT. Inactivity, ease, indiligence, 

Inebriety [See EBKIETY]. 

Ineffable. SYN. Inexpressible, in- 
conceivable, insurpassable, indeclar- 
able, indescribable, exquisite, perfect. 
ANT. Common, trivial, superficial, 
vulgar, conversational, colloquial, ob- 
vious, commonplace. 

Ineffectual. SYN. Fruitless, useless, 
vain, idle, unavailing, abortive, in- 
operative, ineffective. 

ANT. Effective, effectual, success- 
ful [See EFFECTIVE]. 

Inelastic [See ELASTIC]. 

Inelegant [See ELEGANCE]. 

Ineligible [See ELIGIBLE]. 

Inept [ See A.FT ). 

Inequality. SYN. Disparity, dispro- 
portion, unevenness, inadequacy, dis- 
similarity, imparity. 

ANT. Equality, parity, co-extension, 
adequacy, similarity, level, balance, 

Inequitable [See EQUITABLE]. 

Inert. SYN. Indolent, slothfnl, lazy, 
sluggish, heavy, inactive, passive, dor- 
ANT. Active, energetic, alert, brisk. 

Inertness [See INEHT]. 

Inestimable. SYN. Priceless, pre- 
cious, invaluable [See ESTTMABLY]. 

Inevitable. SYN. Unavoidable, in- 
fallable, certain, irresistable, fixed. 

ANT. Avoidable, uncertain, indeter- 

Inexact [See ACCURATE]. 

Inexcitable [See EXCITABILITY]. 

Inexcusable. SYN. Unmitigated,un- 
pardonable, indefensible, unjustifi- 

ANT. Mitigahle. paliable, justifiable, 
vindicable, defensible, pardonable. 

142 INT 

Inexhaustible. SYN. Incessant, un- 
wearied, Indefatigable, perennial, il- 
ANT. Limited, scant, poor. 

Inexistence [See EXISTENCE]. 

Inexorable. SYN. Merciless, unre- 
lenting, implacable, unalterable. 

ANT. Lenient, exorable, indulgent, 
benignant, clement. 

Inexpedient. SYN. Undesirable, in- 
advisable, disadvantageous. 

ANT. Advisable, profitable, expedi- 

Inexpensive [See EXPENSIVE]. 

Inexperience. SYN. Ignorance, in- 
conversance, unfamiliarity, strange- 
ANT. Experience, familiarity. 

Inexpert [See EXPERT]. 

Inexpiable. SYN. Unatonable, un- 

ANT. Expiable, redeemable, par- 
donable, atonable. 

Inexplicable. SYN. Mysterious, 
ANT. Obvious, plain, easy. 

Inexpressible [See INDESCRIBA- 

Inexpressive. SYN. Characterless, 
ANT. Expressive, telling, speaking. 

Inextensive [See SPACIOUS]. 

Inextension [See EXTEND and 

Inextinguishable [See EXTIN- 

Inextricable. SYX. Overwhelming, 
irredeemable, fatal. 
ANT. Remediable, redeemable. 

Infallible [See FALLIBLE]. 

Infamous. SYN. Disgraceful, vile, 
shameful, dishonorable, scandaloul 

Infamy. SYN. Despair, degredation, 
disgrace, ignominy, obloquy, extreme 
vileness, dishonor. 

ANT. Honor, reputation, celebrity, 
glory, renown. 

Infantile. SYN. Puerile, childish, im- 

ANT. Manly, mature, vigorous, ro- 

Infatuation. SYN. Fatuity, halluci- 
nation, madness, self-deception. 

ANT. Clear-sightedness, sagacity, 
wisdom, sanity, soundness. 




Jnn-H*lfole [See FEASIBLE]. 
Infect. SYN. Taint, corrupt, contami- 
nate, pollute, defile [See CONTAMI- 
NATE ]. 

Infection. SYN Taint, poison, con- 
tamination, corruption, contagion. 

ANT. Purification, disinfection, an- 

Infectious [See CONTAGIOUS]. 
infelicity. SYN. Unhappiuess, mis- 

ANT. Felicity, happiness, blessed- 
ness, joyousm-*. 

filler. SYN. Gather, collect, conclude, 
derive, deduce, argue. 

ANT. State, enunciate, propound, 
anticipate, progiiosticate, conjecture, 
assume, guess. 

knference. SYN.Deduction,corollury, 
conclusion, consequence. 

ANT. Statement, proposition, enun- 

Inferiority. SYN. Subordination, 
minority, poverty, mediocrity, subjec- 
tion, servitude, depression. 

ANT. Superiority, majority, excel- 
lence, eminence, independence, mas- 
ttry, exaltation, elevation. 
Infernal [See ANGELIC], 
Infertility. SYN. Barrenness, pov- 
erty,sterility,unproductiveness, waste. 
ANT. Richness, exuberance, fruit- 
fulness, productiveness. 
Infest. SYN. Trouble, harass, tease, 
annoy, pester,molest, plague, disturb. 
ANT. Comfort, gratify, regale, re- 

Infidel. SYN. Skeptic, unbeliever,her- 
etic, freethinker. 
ANT. Believer, Christian, devotee, 

Infidelity. SYN. Unbelief, disbelief, 

ANT. Belief, faith, religiousness 


Infiltrate. SYN. Instil, inoculate, per- 
meate, saturate, soak. 

ANT. Strain, draw off, defiltrate. 
Infinite [See IMMEASURABLE]. 
Infinitesimal. SYN. Inappreciable, 

inconspicuous, minute, microscopic, 

indiscernible, atomic. 
ANT. Enormous, immeasurable, 

Infirm. SYN. Weak, decrepit, lame, 

ioforcible.unsound, failing,irresolute, 

feeble, enfeebled. 

ANT. Firm, strong, sure, cogent, 
forcible, sound. 

Infirmity. SYN. Weakness, decrepi- 
tude, unsoundnesa [See INFIRM]. 
' ANT. Strength, vigor, healthfulness, 

Infix [See Fix]. 

Inflame. SYN. Fire, kindle, excite, 
rouse, fan, incense,madden, infuriate, 
exasperate, Irritate, Imbitter, auger, 

ANT. Quench, extinguish, allay, cool, 
pacify, quiet. 

Inflate. SYN. Distend, expand. 

ANT. Exhaust, empty, squeeze, flat- 
ten, compress. 

In tin led. SYN. Pompous, turgid, bom- 
ANT. Plain, unaffected, simple. 

Inflect [See BEND]. 

Inflection. SYN. Bend, curvature,iu- 
flexion, flexion. 

ANT. Straightness, rectilinearity, 

1 11 fl e x I b 1 e [ See FLEXIBLE] . 

Inflexion [See INFLECTION]. 

Inflict. SYN. Impose, put, lay on. 

ANT. Remove, alleviate, suspend, 

Infliction. SYN. Grievance, trouble, 

ANT. Gratification, pleasure, accom- 
modation, sparing, remission, condo- 

Influence, n. SYN. Effect, control, 
causation, affection, impulse, power, 
credit,cbaracter,sway, weight, ascend- 
ancy, prestige, authority. 

ANT. Inefficiency, ineffectiveness, 
imperativeness, nullity, neutrality, 

Influence, v. SYN. Move, affect, 
sway, persuade, direct, bias [See Mo VK 
and AFFECT], 

Influential. SYN. Potent, powerful, 
etflcuciou*, forcible, persuasive, con- 
trolling, guiding, considerable. 

ANT. Weak, ineffective, inoperative, 
nnpersuasive, inconsiderable. 

I n II u \ [ See ACCESSION], 

Infold [See ENFOLD]. 

Inform. SYN. Enlighten, instruct.edi- 
fy, educate, acquaint, apprise, com- 
municate, notify, tell, impart. 

ANT. Misjudge, mieinstruct, mis- 
lead, deceive, hoodwink, mystify.mis- 




Informal [See FORMAL]. 
Information. SYN. Instruction, ad- 
vice, counsel, notice, notification, 

ANT. Concealment, biding, occulta- 
tion, mystification, ignorance. 
Infraction. SYN. Violation, infringe- 
ment, breaking, disturbance, breach, 

ANT. Observance, maintenance,con- 
servation, respect, integrity. 
Infrangible [See FRANGIBLE]. 
IB frequency. SYN. Rarity, fewness, 
paucity, dearth, scantiness. 

ANT. Multitude,abundance,frequen- 
cy, recurrence. 

Infrigidatiou [See INCANDES- 

Infringe. SYN. Break, violate, trans- 
gress, contravene. 

ANT. Observe, conserve, preserve, 
keep within bounds. 
Infuriate [See INFLAME], 
Infuse. SY>. Steep, soak, water, in- 
stil, infiltrate, insinuate, breathe into, 
introduce, inspire, impart. 

ANT. Strain, dry, drain, unteach,re- 
tract, divert. 

Ingenious. SYK. Skillful, adept,clev- 
er, inventive, ready, frank, sincere. 

ANT. Unskillful, slow, uninventive, 

Ingenuous. SYN. Noble, candid, gen- 
erous, frank, sincere, straightfor- 
ward, honorable, open, artless, hon- 

ANT. Mean, reserved, sly, disin- 
genuous, insincere. 

Inglorious. SYN. Shameful, dis- 
graceful, uurenowued. 

ANT. Illustrious, glorious, renown- 

Ingraft [See GBAFT]. 
Ingratiate. SYN. Kecommend, in- 

ANT. Discommend, alienate, es- 

Ingratitude [See GRATITUDE]. 
Ingredient. SYN. Element, ingredi- 
ent, component, constituent. 

ANT. Non-ingredient, refuse, resi- 
duum, counter-agent, incongruity. 
Ingress [See EGRESS], 
Ingulp [See GULP]. 
Ingurgitate [See SWALLOW], 
Inhabile [Se- *ni" -nd AWK- 

Inhabit. SYN. Tenant, colonize, set- 
tle, dwell in, reside in, live in, oc- 

ANT. Abandon, forsake, migrate. 
Inhabitant. SYN. Occupant, tenant, 
resident, native, inmate. 

ANT. Stranger, traveler, foreigner, 
visitor, intruder. 
Inhale. SYN. Inspire, snuff, absorb. 

ANT. Exhale. 

Inharmonious [See HARMONI- 

Inherent. SYN. Innate, congenital, 
imminent, ingrained, _inborn, intrin- 
sic, natural, inbred. 

ANT. Foreign, ascititious, tempo- 
rary, separable, extraneous. 
Inherit. SYN. Occupy, possess, en- 

ANT. Acquire, earn, gain, squan- 
der, alienate, dissipa'ce, bequeath, 
leave, demise, devise. 
Inheritance. SYN. Beouest, legacy, 
heritage, hereditament, patrimony, 

ANT. Purchase, donation, acquisi- 
sition, dissipation, alienation, for- 
feiture, lapse, escheatmen*. 
Inheritor. SYN. Heir, successor, dev- 
isee, legatee. 

ANT. Devisor, testator. 
Inhesion. SYN. Introsusception, m- 
nateness, inherence, indwelling, in- 
grainedness, immanence. 

ANT. Emanence, emission, ejec- 
tion, extrusion, extraction. 
Inhibit. SYN. Prevent, hinder, pro- 
hibit, restrain, debar. 

ANT. TJrge : incite, permit, er cour- 
age, impel. 

Inhospitable [See HOSPITABLE]. 
Inhuman [See HUMANJ. 
Inhume [See INTER]. 
Inimical [See FRIENDLY]. 
Inimitable. SYN. Transcendent, 
matchless, incomparable. 

ANT. Ordinary, mediocre. 
Iniquity. SYN. Injustice, wrong, sir , 
evil-doing, wickedness, crime, grie^ 

ANT. Justice, integrity, virtue, ho 

Initiate [See INAUGURATE]. 
Initiative. SYN. Start, leadership 
commencement, example. 

ANT. Wake, rear, prosecution, ter 



Inject [See EJECT]. 

In ju<li< ion* [See JUDICIOUS]. 

In junction. SYN. Mandate, order, 
command, exhortation, precept. 

ANT. Disobedience, Insubordina- 
tion, non-compliance, non-observ- 

Injure. SYN. Damage, wound, hurt, 
wrong, impair, maltreat, cripple,mar, 
spoil, sully, harm. 

ANT. Benellt, profit, repair, ad- 
vance, advantage. 

Injurious. SYN. Hurtful, deleteri- 
ous, prejudicial, noxious, detrimen- 
tal, baleful, pernicious, wrongful, 
mischievous, damaging, baneful. 

ANT. Helpful, beneficial, advanta- 
geous [See PERNICIOUS]. 

Injustice [See JUSTICE and INIQUI- 

Inlet. SYN. Opening, ingress, com- 
mencement, entrance. 
ANT. Outlet, egress, debouchure. 

I innate [See INHABITANT]. 

Inn. SYN. Hotel, tavern, public house. 

Innate [See CONGENITAL]. 

Inner, Inmost. SYN. Interior, vi- 
tal, secret, close. 

ANT. Exterior, outer, outermost, 

Innocence. SYN. Innocuousness, In- 
offensiveness, guilelessness, guiltless- 
ness, simplicity, purity, sinlessness. 

ANT. Hurtfulnesp, offensiveness, 
guile, guilt, contamination, corrup- 
tion, impurity, sinfulness. 

Innocent. SYN. Sinless, harmless, 
innoxious, lawful [See BLAMELESS]. 

Innocuous SYN. Inoffensive, harm- 
less, wholesome. 

ANT. Obnoxious, hurtful, deleteri- 
ous, insidious. 

Innovation. SYN. Alteration, rever- 
sal, novelty, newfangledness. 

ANT. Conservation, maintenance, 
archaism, old-fashion, obsoleteness. 

Innoxious. SYN. Wholesome, harm- 
less [See NOISOME]. 

Innumerable [See NUMBERLESS]. 

Innutritions. SYN. Indigestible, 
harmful, ungeoial, uncongenial. 

ANT. Digestible, healthful, conge- 

Inobservance [See OBSERVANCE]. 

Inoculate. SYN. Impregnate, indoc- 
trinate, tinge, insert, imbue, instil, 
ingrain, ingraft. 


ANI Disabuse, unteach, prnne, dl> 

Inodorous. SYN. Inodorate, scent- 
less, without smell, wanting smell. 

ANT. Odorous, odoriferous, strong 
scented, redolent, uidorous, pun- 

Inoffensive [See OFFENSIVE]. 

Inofficious [See OFFICIOUS]. 

Inoperative [See OPERATIVE]. 

Inopportune [See OPPORTUNE]. 

Inordinate. SYN. Extravagant, dis- 
proportionate, unregulated, exorbi- 
tant, excessive, Immoderate, irregu- 
ANT. Regular, just, moderate. 

Inorganic. SYN. Inanimate, azoic, 
ANT. Organic, organized. 

Inosculate. SYN. Blend, unite, in- 
tertwine, solidify, anastomose, inter- 
sect, interpenetrate. 

ANT. Separate, diverge, bifurcate, 
disunite, divorce. 

Inquietude [See QUIET, .]. 

Inquiry. SYN. Interrogation, ques- 
tion, asking, investigation, search, ex- 
amination, research, scrutiny, explo- 

ANT. Conjecture, guess, intuition, 
hypothesis, assumption, supposition. 

Inquisitive. SYN. Prying, peeping, 
meddling, curious [See CURIOUS]. 

Inquisitorial. SYN. Minute, arbi- 
trary, over-curious, scrutinizing. 

ANT. Superficial, perfunctory, unin- 
quisitive, incurious, Inobservant, un- 

Inroad. SYN. Invasion, raid, incur- 
sion, dragonnade, irruption, trespass, 

ANT. Occupation, settlement, evac- 
uation, retreat, sally, outbreak, excur- 
sion, egress. 

Insalubrity [See SALUBRITY]. 

Insane [See MAP]. 

Insanity. SYN. Mental aberration, 
mental uneoundness [See LUNACY]. 

Insatiable. SYN. Voracious, unap- 
peasable, omnivorous, ravenous, rapa- 
cious greedy. 

ANT. Moderate, delicate, fastidious, 
dainty, squeamish. 

Inscribe. SYN. Letter, write, label, 
designate, delineate, mark, imprint, 
eugrave, dedicate, address. 

INS 146 

ANT. Erase, efface, cancel, obliter- 
ate, expunge. 

Inscroll. SYN. Enlist, register, en- 
roll, pattern, flourish, record, calen- 

ANT. Erase, disenroll, cashier, ex- 
punge, obliterate, efface, deface. 

Inscrutable. SYN. Unintelligible, 
untraceable, mysterious, unfathom- 
able, profound, insolvable, impenetra- 
ble, hidden. 

ANT. Obvious, self-evident, famil- 
iar, intelligible, explainable. 

Insecure [See SECURE]. 

Insensate. SYN. Brute, insensitive, 
insensible, unfeeling, stolid,insuscept- 
ible, unimpressible. 

ANT. Sensitive, feeling, quick, saga- 
cious, discriminating, observing, sus- 
ceptible, acute, impressible. 

Insensibility [See SENSIBILITY]. 

Insensible [See SENSIBLE]. 

Inseparable [See SEPARABLE]. 

Insert [See INTRODUCE]. 

Inside. SYN. Within, internally. 

ANT. Without, outside, extraneous- 
ly, externally. 

Insidious. SYN. Wily, treacherons, 
designing, dangerous, deceitful, ely, 
crafty, artful. 

ANT. Straightforward, sincere, un- 
designing, innocuous. 

Insignificant [See SIGNIFICANT]. 

Insincere [See SINCERE]. 

Insinuate. SYN. Introduce, insert, 
worm, ingratiate, intimate, suggest, 
infuse, hint. 

ANT. Withdraw, retract, alienate,ex- 

Insipid. SYN. Tasteless, vapid, unin- 
teresting, characterless, flavorless, 
flat, insulse, lifeless, prosy, stupid. 

ANT. Tasty, sapid, relishing, racy, 
interesting, engaging. 

Insist. SYN. Stand, demand, main- 
tain, contend, persist, persevere, 

ANT. Abandon, waive, concede, sur- 
render, yield, forego 

Insnare. SYN. Intrap, cajole, decoy, 
allure, catch, inveigle, net, enmesh, 
entoil, entangle, entrap. 

ANT. Enlighten, warn, deter, dis- 
suade, rescue, liberate, release, extri- 

Insobriety [See SOBRIETY]. 


I Insolence. SYN. Arrogance, aseump. 
tion, impudence. 

ANT. Deference, consideration, 
politeness, modesty, bashfulness. 

Insolent. SYN. Haughty, overbear, 
ing, contemptuous, abusive, saucy, 
impertinent, opprobrious, offensive, 
pert, outrageous, scurrilous, rude 
[See ABUSIVE and PERT]. 

Insoluble [See SOLUBLE], 

Insolvable [See INSCRUTABLE]. 

Insolvent. SYN. Bankrupt, ruined, 
penniless, beggared. 

ANT. Flush, flourishing, monied, 

Inspect. SYN. Scrutinize, examine, 
investigate, search, overhaul, look 
into, supervise. 

ANT. Overlook, connive, dismiss, 
glance, misobserve, misinvestigate, 

Inspector [See INSPECT], 

Inspiration. SYN. Poesy, frenzy, 
impulse, revelation,intuition, afflatus. 
ANT. Study, elaboration, learning, 
acquirement, observation, education. 

Inspire. SYN. Animate, inspirit, in- 
flame, imbue, impel, encourage, in- 
hale, enliven, cheer, breathe in, in- 
fuse, exhilarate. 

ANT. Depress, dispirit, discourage, 

Insplssatlon. SYN. Thickening, tur- 
bidity, incrassation, densiflcation. 

ANT. Helming, straining, percola- 
tion, precipitation, clarification, tenu- 

Instability. SYN. Mutability, waver- 
ing, fickleness, inconstancy. 
ANT. Stability, firmness, constancy. 

Install. SYN. Establish, institute, in- 
duct, invest, inaugurate, invest with 

ANT. Deprive, disinstal, strip, de- 
grade, di sin vest, eject. 

Instalment. SYN. First-fruits, part- 
payment, driblet. 

ANT. Payment, reimbursement, ac- 
quittal, liquidation, cancelment. 

Instance. SYN. Entreaty, request, 
prompting, persuasion, example, so- 
licitation, case, illustration, exempli- 
fication, occurrence,point,precedence. 
ANT. Dissuasion, deprecation, warn- 
ing, rule, statement, principle, mis- 


Instant. SYN. Momeni, second, min- 
ute, twinkling, trice, flash. 

ANT. Period, duration, cycle, time, 
permanence, perpetuity, eternity. 

Instantaneous. SYN. Immediate, 
instaut,niomentary [See IMMEDIATE]. 

Instantly, svx. Immediately, forth- 
with, straightway, directly, presently, 
at once, without delay. 

ANT At a future time, with delay, 
in the future [See DIRECTLY.]. 

Instigate [See URGE]. 

Instil SYN Pour, infuse, introduce, 
import, implant, insinuate, inculcate. 
ANT Drain, strain, extract, eradi- 
cate, eliminate, remove, extirpate. 

Instinct. SYN. Prompting, impulse, 
intuition, iuc.inaticn. 

ANT. Reason, reasoning, abstrac- 
tion, deliberation, experience, experi- 
ment, elaboration, judgment. 

Instinctive. SYN. Natural, volunta- 
ry, spontaneous, intuitive, impulsive. 
ANT. Cultivated, forced, reasoning, 

Institute. STN. Found, establish, in- 
vest, erect, instal, appoint, induct, or- 
dain, originate, begin, form, organ- 

ANT. Disestablish, subvert, disin- 
vest, degrade, deprive. 

Instruct. STN Enlighten, educate, 
inform, indoctrinate, acquaint, teach, 
edify, train, discipline, direct, initi- 
ate, command. 

ANT. Misinform, mlseducate, mis- 
instruct, misguide, mislead, misac- 
quaint, deceive, neglect, barbarize, 

Instruction. SYN. Teaching, edu- 
cation, information, counsel, advice, 
direction, order, command. 

ANT. Misteaching, misinformation, 
misguidance, misdirection, misiu- 
struction, obedience, pupilage. 

Instructor [See^lNSTRUcrj. 

Instrument. SYN. Implement, uten- 
sil, tool, document, deed, record, me- 
dium, muniment, means, channel, 
machine, agent. 

ANT. Misapplication,connteraction, 
counteragent, neutralizer, opponent, 
bar, obstruction, preventive, stop. 

Instrumentality. SYN. Agency, in- 
tervention, medium, use, employment, 
ANT. Non-intervention, epontane- 


ity, efficacy, virtue, property, quality, 
force, counteragency, neutralization. 

Iiisuavlty [See SUAVITY]. 

Insubordinate. SYN. Resistant,re- 
calcitrant, rebellious, undutiful, re- 

ANT. Submissive, dutiful, docile, 
obedient, subject. 

Insubstantial [See SUBSTANTIAL]. 

liistibstantiality [See SUBSTAN- 

Insufferable. SYN. Intolerable, im- 
permissible, unallowable, unendur- 
able, unbearable. 

ANT. Tolerable, allowable, endur- 
able, supportable. 

Insufficient [See SUFFICIENT]. 

Insult, v. SYN. Affront, outrage, dis- 
honor, provoke, mock, ridicule. 

ANT. Respect, salute, honor, praise, 
flatter, compliment, gratify. 

Insult, n. SYN. Affront, abuse [See 

Insuperable [See SUPERABLE]. 

Insupportable. SYN. Unbearable, 
intolerable, insufferable, unendur- 

ANT. Endurable, comfortable, to be 

Iiisuppresslble [See SUPPRESS- 

Insure. SYN. Provide, stabilitate, 
guarantee, secure, warrant. 

ANT. Imperil, jeopardize, shake, 

Insurgent, n. SYN. Malcontent, reb- 
el, traitor, mutineer, rioter. 

ANT. Patriot, adherent, supporter, 
constabulary, executive, ruler, magis- 

Insurgent, a. SYN. Rebellious, un- 
ANT. Loyal, patriotic, obedient. 

Insurmountable [See INSUPER- 

Insurrection. SYN. Rebellion, riot, 
rising, anarchy, tumult, mutiny, sedi- 
tion, emeute, pronouncement, revolt. 
ANT. Law, peace, order, obedience, 
government, submission, subjection, 
servitude, bondage, subsidence, pacifi- 
cation, acquiescence. 

Insusceptible [See SUSCEPTIBLE]. 

Intact. SYN. Pure, undented, uneon- 
taminated, oncorrupted, Bafe, unin- 
jured, unhurt, scatliiess, inviolate, 




ANT. Foul, defiled, contaminated, 
corrupt, hurt, touched, affected, in- 

Intangible [See TANGIBLE]. 

Integrate. STN. Sum, complete, so- 
lidity, consolidate, incorporate, unite, 
combine, mix, blend. 

ANT. Disintegrate, discompound, 
analyze, dismember, amputate, dis- 
unite, detach, remove. 

Integration [See INTEGKATH]. 

Integrity. STN. Uprightness, honor, 
honesty, probity, truthfulness, can- 
dor, single-mindedness.con.<cientious- 
ness, entireness, rectitude, complete- 
ness, parity. 

ANT. Unfairness, sleight, nnder- 
handedness, meanness, chicanery, du- 
plicity, fraud, roguery, rascality. 

Integument. STN. Covering, pro- 
tection, envelope, crust. 

ANT. Nudity, bareness, callowness, 
abrasion, exposure. 

Intellect. STN. Understanding, mind, 
reason, instinct, consciousness, sense, 
brains, ability, talent, genius. 

ANT. Matter, mechanism, organiza- 
tion, force, growth, propension, pas- 

Intellectual. SYN. Mental, meta- 
physical, psychological, inventive, 
learned, cultured. 

ANT. Unintellectual, unmetaphysi- 
cal, unlearned. 

Intelligence. STN. Understanding, 
apprehension, comprehension, con- 
ception, announcement, report, ru- 
mor, tidings, news, information, pub- 
lication, intellectual capacity, mind, 
knowledge, advice, notice, instruc- 
tion, intellect 

ANT. Misunderstanding, misinfor- 
mation,misconception, stupidity, dull- 
ness, suppression, ignorance, dark- 
ness, concealment, silence, non-publi- 
cation, misguidance, misintelligence, 
misreport, misapprehension. 

Intelligible [See INSCRUTABLE]. 

Intemperate, a. [See TEMPERATE]. 

Intend [See PURPOSE]. 

Intensity. STN. Tension, force, con- 
centration, strain, attention, eager- 
ness, ardor, energy. 

ANT. Laxity, debility, relaxation, 
languor, indifference, coolness, hebe- 
tude, diminution. 

fulfill, n. STN. Design, purpose, in- 

tention, drift, meaning, purport, aim, 

ANT. Chance, lot, fate, accident. 

Intent, adj. STN. Eager, fixed, Vjent. 
ANT. Indifferent, diverted, dis- 

Intention [See PURPOSE]. 

Intentional. STN. Purposed, de- 
signed, deliberate, intended, done on 
purpose, contemplated, premedita- 
ted, studied. 

ANT. Undesigned, casual, uninten- 
tional, accidental, fortuitous. 

Inter. SYN. Bury, inhume, entomb. 
ANT. Exhume, disinter. 

Intercede. STN. Mediate, inter- 
pose, interfere, advocate, plead. 

ANT. Abandon, incriminate, charge, 
inculpate, accuse. 

Intercept. SYN. Arrest, stop, catch, 
seize, neutralize. 

ANT. Send, despatch, forward, de- 
pute, commission, delegate, inter- 
change, exchange, intercommuni- 

Intercession [See INTERCEDE]. 

Interchange, n. STN. Barter, recip- 
rocation, reciprocity, intercommuni- 
cation, correspondence, intercourse, 
ANT. See Intercept. 

Intercommunication [See IN- 

Intercourse. STN. Correspondence, 
dealing, intercommunication, intima- 
cy, connection, commerce. 

ANT. Reticence, suspension, cessa. 
tioii, disconnection, interception, in- 

Intercurrence. STN. Intervention, 
intrusion, intervenience, intercep- 

ANT. Non-intervention, non-inter, 
ception, unobstucted:ie~s. 

Interdict. STN. Prohibit, restrain, 
estop, disallow, debar, proscribe, for 

ANT. Concede, indulge, grant, air 

Interest, n. STN. Concern, business 
advantage, profit, attention, curiosity 
behalf, cause, share. 

ANT. Unconcern, disconnection, re- 
pudiation, disadvantage, loss, inatten- 
tion, incuriosity, indifference. 

Interfere [See INTEBPOSE]. 


Interior. STN. Inside, innei,, toward, 
internal, inland. 
ANT. Exterior, outside. 

Interjacent [See INTERMEDIATE]. 

Interject [See INJECT]. 

Interlace. STN. Cross, reticulate, in- 
tertwine, interweave, intersect. 

ANT. Radiate, diverge, unravel, dis- 

Interlocution. STN. Interruption, 

ANT. Speech, oration, flow, uniu- 

Interloper. STN. Intruder, super- 
ANT. Member, constituent. j 

Intermeddle [See INTERPOSE]. 

Intermediate. STN. Intervening, ' 
included, interposed, comprised, mid- 
die, moderate, interjacent. 

ANT. Circumjacent, surrounding, 
enclosing, embracing, outside, ex- 
treme, excluded, exclusive. 

Interment [See INTER]. 

interminable. STN. Unending, end- 
less, everlasting, perpetual, infinite, 
boundless, illimitable, limitless 

ANT. Terminable, brief, moderate, 
curt, short, momentary. 

Intermingle [See MINGLE]. 

Intermission. STN. Cessation, in- 
terruption, discontinuance, suspen- 
sion, recurrence, pause, rest, stop, 

ANT. Continuity, continuance, per- 
manence, perpetuity, constancy, un- 

Intermit. STN. Suspend, relax, dis- 
continue, break. 

ANT. Continue, prosecute, urge, dis- 

Intermix [See MINGLE]. 

liitermutation. n. STN. Intervari- 
ation, interdiscrepancy, interreci- 
procity, interchange, mutuality. 

ANT. Unity, uniformity, interresist- 
ance, interdependence. 

Internal. STN. Inner, interior, In- 
ANT. Outer, exterior, outside. 

International. STN. Interpolitical, 

ANT. Independent, non-interven- 
tive, intestine, domestic. 

Internecine. STN. Exterminating, 
deadly, irreconcilable, inextinguish- 


ANT. Desultory, incursive, maraud-, 
ing, buccaneer! ig, freebootiug, fili- 
bustering, skirmishing, guerilla. 

Interpellation. STN. Interlocution, 
suspension, interference. 

ANT. Promotion, prosecution, flow, 
conduct, uniuterrupteduess. 

Inter penetration. STN. Interiu. 
gression, iuterdigitation, dovetail, in- 

ANT , Interseparation, interreour- 
ren?e, interdivergence. 

Interpolate. STN. Interlard, inter- 
weave, import, garble, gloss, inter- 
sperse, furbish, introduce. 

ANT. Expunge, elide, erase, verify, 
authenticate, expurgate. 

Interpose. STN. Introduce, insert, 
intervene, interfere, meddle, inter- 
cede, arbitrate, mediate. 

ANT. Withdraw, retract, retire, re- 
cede, remove, extract. 

Interpret S>TN Translate, render, 
construe, explain, expound, expone, 
represent, declare, understand, eluci- 
date, decipher, solve. 

ANT. Misinterpret, misunderstand, 
mistake, misconceive, falsify, distort, 
mlsdeclare, misrepresent. 

Interpretation. STN Version, ex- 
planation, rendering, exposition, defi- 
nition, sense, solution. 

ANT. Misinterpretation, misrender- 
ing, problem, difficulty, text. 

Interpreter [See INTERPRET]. 

Interrogate ( See QUESTION]. 

Interrupt. STN. Break, disconnect, 
discontinue, intersect, disturb, stop, 
ANT. Continue, prosecute, expedite. 

Intersect [See INTERLACE]. 

Intersperse. STN. Interlard.powder, 
ANT. Expunge. 

Interstice. STN. Chink, interval, in- 
terspace, cleft, cranny, fissure, gap, 
ANT. Seam, suture, stop-gap. 

Intertwine [See INTERLACE]. 

Interval. STN. Interim, meantime, 
period, gap, intermission, Interspace, 
cessation, space between, season. 

ANT. Continuity, simultaneousness, 

Intervention. SYS. Intrusion, in- 
sinuation, interference, intercession, 
mediation, agency, interposition. 

INT 1 

ANT. Continuance, non-interven- 
tion, uninterruptedness, noninterfer- 

Interview. SYN. Colloquy, confab- 
ulation, consultation, conference, 

ANT. Isolation, independence, ex- 
clusion, avoidance. 

Interweave [See INTERLACE]. 

Intestate. SYN. Unwilled, undevised, 
ANT. Willed, bequeathed, devised. 

Intestine. SYN. Interior, domestic, 

ANT. External, foreign, internation- 

Inthrall. SYN. Confine, cage, impris- 
on, incarcerate, intomb, enslave. 

ANT. Liberate, release, disengage, 
free, unfetter. 

Intimate, t-. SYN. Impart, commu- 
nicate, announce,declare,tell.suggest, 
hint, insinuate, mention briefly. 

ANT. Reserve, repress, withhold, 

Intimate, adj. SYN. Close, familiar, 
exact, nice, near, friendly, conver- 

ANT. Distant, unfamiliar, superfi- 

Intimidate. SYN. Frighten, alarm, 
threaten, deter, dishearten, scare, 
appall, browbeat, cow. 

ANT. Encourage, inspirit, animate, 

Intolerable [See INSUFFERABLE], 

Intolerant [See TOLERANT]. 

Intomb. SYN. Inter, bury, inhume, 
incarcerate, imprison, immure. 

ANT. Exhume, disinter, disentomb, 
liberate, release. 

Intonation. SYN. Melody, accentua- 
tion, resonance, ring. 

ANT. Jar, jabber, gabble, babel,gib- 
ber, rattle. 

Intoxication. SYN. Venom, poison, 
obfuscation, bewilderment, delirium, 
hallucination, ravishment, ecstasy, 
inebriation, drunkenness, inebriety. 

ANT. Antidote, clarification, so- 
briety, sanity, ebriety, melancholy, 

Intractable [See TRACTABLE]. 

Intransient [See TRANSIENT]. 

Intreiichmeiit. SYN. Ditch, dyke, 
moat, circumvallation, encroachment, 
infringement, trespass. 


ANT. Wall, rampart, mound, mole, 
embankment, glacis, bastion, forbear- 
ance, deference, respect. 

Intrepid. SYN. Fearless, brave, un- 
terrified, courageous, valorous, he- 
roic, chivalrous, doughty [See DAUNT- 

Intricacy. SYN. Complexity, com- 
plication, entanglement, perplexity, 

ANT. Directness, obviousness, 
method, disposition, array, system. 

Intricate. SYN. Complicated, in- 
volved, mazy, labyrinthine,entaugled, 

ANT. Simple, uninvolved, plain, di- 
rect, obvious. 

Intrigue. SYN. Cabal, plot, conspir- 
acy, machination, artifice, design, 
manoeuvres, cunning, duplicity, trick- 
ery,* chicanery, love affair, amour, 

ANT. Insurrection, rebellion, con- 
gress, assembly, force, violence, as- 
sault, openness, candor, sincerity, 
honesty, probity, straight-forward- 

Intrinsic. SYN. Native, inherent, in- 
nate, genuine, immanent, natural, 
true, real, iuward. 

ANT. Extrinsic, acquired, adventi- 
tious, borrowed,pretended,ascititious, 
external, added, assumed. 

Introduce. SYN. Present, u=her in, 
conduct in, make known, bring in, 
preface, begin. 

ANT. Come after, succeed, follow, 
end, conclude. 

Introduction. SYN. Induction, im- 
portation, leading, taking, presenta- 
tion, insertion, commencement, pre- 
liminary, preface, initiative, portico, 
vestibule, entrance, gate, preamble, 

ANT. Eduction, extraction, exporta- 
tion, elimination, ejection, encircle- 
ation, estrangement, conclusion, com- 
pletion, end, egress. 

Introductory. SYN. Prefatory, 
initiatory, commendatory,precursory, 
preliminary, preparatory. 

ANT. Completive, final, conclusive, 
alienative, supplemental, terminal, 

Introvert. SYN. Involve, invert, 


ANT. Explicate, evolve, encircleate, 

Intrude [Sec INTEBFEBE]. 
Intrusion [See INTBUDE]. 
I ii t rust. SYN. Put in trust, consign, 

commit [See CONFIDE]. 
Intuition. SYN. Instinct, apprehen- 
sion, recognition, insight. 

ANT. Information, learning, in- 
struction, elaboration, acquirement, 
induction, experience. 
Intuitive [See INSTINCTIVE"). 
Intumescence. SYN. Swelling, pro- 
tuberance, turgescence. 

ANT. Subsidence, evenness,attenua- 
tion, concavity. 

I lit \viue. SYN. Twist, wreath, plait, 
interlace, braid, bind. 

ANT. Untwist, disengage, untie, un- 
lace, unravel, unbind. 
Inundate. SYN. Overflow,submerge, 
deluge, flood, overwhelm. 

ANT. Drain, reclaim, dry, desic- 
cate, parch. 

Inurbanltr. SYN. Boorishnees, 
coarseness, rudeness. 

ANT. Urbanity, politeness, refine- 

Inure [See ACCUSTOM]. 
Inutility. SYN. Uselessness, ineffl- 
cacy, futility. 

ANT. Utility, usefulness, efficiency, 

Invade. SYN. Attack, assault, en- 
croach, occupy, assail, violate, en- 
croach upon, intrude upon, infringe 
upon, trench upon. 

ANT. Vacate, abandon, evacuate, re- 

Invalid. SYN. fafirm, sick, weakly, 
frail, feeble. 

ANT. Strong, vigorous, healthy, 
Invalidate. SYN. Annul, overthrow 

[See ANNUL]. 
Invaluable. SYN. Inestimable, pre- 

ciou?, priceless [See VALUABLE]. 
Invasion. SYN. Irruption, encroach- 
ment [See INCURSION]. 
Invective. SYN. Obloquy, denuncia- 
tion, castigation, vituperation, repro- 
bation, abuse, railing, sarcasm,satire, 
diatribe, reproach. 

ANT. Commendation, encomium, 
eulogy, panegyric, laudation. 
Inveigh. SYN. Denounce, reprobate, 
attack, vituperate, abuse. 

151 INV 

ANT. Exculpate, advocate, defend, 
laud, eulogize, panegyrize. 
Inveigle. SYN. Cajole, wheedle [See 


Invent. SYN. Discover, contrive, con- 
coct, imagine, elaborate, conceive, de- 
sign, devise, fabricate, originate, find 
out, frame, forge, feign. 

ANT. Imitate, copy, execute, repro- 

Inventive [See INGENIOUS]. 
Inventor. SYN. Creator, contriver, 
originator, author. 
ANT. Destroyer. 
Inventory. SYN. Schedule, register, 

list, catalogue [See RECOBD, n.J. 
Invert. SYN. Upset, reverse, over- 
turn, subvert [See OVEBTHBOW]. 
Inversion. SYN. Reversal, deflec- 
tion, alteration, permutation, viola- 
tion, transposition. 

ANT. Verticality, erectness, stabil- 
ity, permanence, persistence, con- 
servation, sequence, fixity, state, or- 

Invest [See DrvESTj. 
Investigate [See EXAMINE]. 
Investigation. SYN. Examination, 
search, scrutiny, research, study, in- 
quiry, exploration, ventilation. 

ANT. Discovery, solution, clue, in- 
dication, thread. 

Investiture. SYN. Investment. 
ANT. Divestiture, divestment. 
Investment [See INVESTITUBE]. 
Inveterate. SYN. Confirmed, incar- 
nate, ingrained, deep-rooted, chronic, 

ANT. Incipient, undeveloped, un- 

Invidious. SYN. Unfair, gratuitous, 
partial, inconsiderate, hateful, en- 
vious, offensive. 

ANT. Fair, impartial, due, just, con- 

Invigorate [See ENEBVATE]. 
Invincible. SYN. Impregnable, im- 
movable, inexpugnable, unsubduable, 
irresistible, indomitable, unconquer- 
able, insuperable, insurmountable. 

ANT. Weak, spiritless, powerless, 
puny, effortless. 

Inviolable. SYN. Impregnable, in- 
vincible, strict, immovable, unim- 
peachable, unalterable. 

ANT. Alterable, weak, frail. 
Inviolate. SYN. Guarded, treasured, 

INV 152 

close, virgin, intact, uninjured, sa- 
cred, unprofaned. 

ANT. Betrayed, surrendered, di- 
vulged, entered into, profaned. 
Invisible [See VISIBLE]. 
Invite. SYS. Ask, summon, call, chal- 
lenge, attract, allure, tempt, incite, 
request, solicit. 

ANT. Forbid, exclude, discard, dep- 
recate, repel. 

Inviting. STN. Attracting, calling, 
summoning, alluring, tempting. 

ANT. Forbidding, repelling, re- 

Invoke. STN. Summon, call, impre- 
cate, conjure, invite, challenge, in- 
vocate, implore, beseech, appeal to. 

ANT. Deprecate, ignore, warn, in- 
hibit, elude, defy, deter. 
Involuntary [See VOLUNTARY]. 
Involution. SYN. Complication, en- 
tanglement, implication, mingling. 

ANT. Evolution, evolvement, sep- 
aration, extrication, disconnection. 
Involve. SYN. Implicate, confound, 
mingle, envelop, compromise, in- 
clude, complicate, entangle. 

ANT. Separate, extricate, discon- 

Involved. SYN. Implicated, con- 
cerned, complicated, confused, com- 

ANT. Unconnected, unconcerned, 
simple, lucid, uncompromised. 
Invulnerable [See VULNERABLE]. 
Inward. SYN. Internal, interior, in- 

ANT . External, exterior, outward. 
Iota. SYN. Jot, particle, tittle, trace, 

ANT. Whole, mass. 
Irascible [See HASTY and ANOBY]. 
Irate [See HASTY and AGBY]. 
Ire [See WBATH]. 

Iridescent. SYN. Prismatic, opaline, 
polychromatous, nacreous. 

ANT. Achromatic. blanched,neutral. 
dingy, colorless, etiolated, monochro- 

Irk. SYN. Weary, tire, tease, bore, op- 
press, jade. 

ANT. Interest, rivet, animate, re- 
fresh, inspirit 
Irksome [See TEDIOUS]. 
Irony. SYN. Satire, banter, quiz, rally, 
taunt, sarcasm, raillery, ridicule. 
ANT. Compliment, seriousness. 


Ironical. [See IRONY]. 
Irradiate [See ILLUMINATE]. 
Irrational [See RATIONAL]. 
Irreclaimable [See RECLAIMABLE]. 
Irreconcilable [See RECONCIL- 

Irrecoverable. SYN. Past, hopeless, 
lost, irredeemable. 

ANT. Hopeful, saved, redeemable. 
Irredeemable [See REDEEMABLE]. 
Irreducible. SYN. Uncongenial, un- 
commensurable,discordant, unchange- 
able, out of order. 

ANT. Congenial, commensurable, 
reducible, concordant, in order. 
Irrefragable [SeeREFBAGABLE]. 
Irrefutable [See REFRAGABLE]. 
Irregular [See REGULAR]. 
Irrelevant [See RELEVANT]. 
I r religion [See RELIGION]. 
Irreligions.SYN .Undevout,ungodly, 
godless, profane, impious. 

ANT. Religious, godly, reverent, 
reverential, pious, devout. 
Irremediable [See REMEDIABLE]. 
Irremlssible. SYN. Unjustifiable, 
indefensible, inexpiable, unpardon- 

ANT. Justifiable, defensible, re- 
missible, pardonable. 
Irremovable. SYN. Immovable, 
fixed, rooted, firm, steadfast, riveted, 

ANT. Inconstant, unsteady, unstable, 
unsettled, unfixed, unfastened. 
Irreparable [See REPARABLE], 
Irreprehensible [See REPREHEN- 

Irrepressible. SYN. Unrepressible, 
ungovernable, uncontrollable, insup- 
pressible, free, unconfined, excitable. 
ANT. Repressible, governable, con- 
trollable, calm, bound down. 
Irreproachable [See BLAMELESS]. 
Irreprovable. SYN. Irreproach- 
able, irreprehensible, unexception- 
able, unobjectionable, unimpeach- 

ANT. Culpable, peccable,reprehensi- 
ble, nn commend able, blameworthy, 

Irresistible [See RESISTIBLE]. 
Irresolute [See RESOLUTE]. 
Irrespective [See RESPECTIVE]. 
Irresponsible. SYN. Unbound, un- 
encumbered, unaccountable, not an- 




rwerable, excusable, lawless, arbi- 
trary, despotic. 

ANT. Responsible, obligatory, bind- 
ing, imperative, chargeable on, under 
obligation, lawful, legal, legitimate. 

Irretrievable [See RETRIEVABLE.]. 

Irreverence [See REVERENCE]. 

Irreversible [See REVERSIBLE]. 

Irrevocable [See REVERSIBLE]. 

Irrigate. SYN. Water, wet, inundate, 
ANT. Dry, drain, parch. 

Irrigation [See IRRIGATE], 

Irritable [See HASTY]. 

Irritant [See LENIATIVE]. 

Irritate SYN. Tease, provoke, annoy, 
exasperate, worry, incense. 

ANT. Soothe, caress, pacify, tame, 

Irritation [See IRRITATE]. 

Irruption. SYN. Incursion, invasion, 
inundation, inburst. 

ANT. Eruption, excursion, sally, re- 
treat, outburst. 

Isolate. SYN. Insulate, dissociate, 
ANT. Unite, associate. 

Isolation. SYN. Segregation, de- 
tachment, disconnection, insularity, 
self-containedn ess. 

ANT. Organization, co-membership, 
community, connection, concatena- 
tion, continuity. 

Issue. SYN. Effect, outcome, manifes- 
tation, end, result, progeny, posterity, 
conclusion, consequence, upsbot, 
children, offspring. 

ANT. Cause, operation, working, 
principle, law, system, action, in- 
fluence, origination, commencement, 
paternity, ancestry. 

Iteration. SYN. Repetition, reitera- 
tion, harping, recurrence, succession. 
ANT. Single statement. 

Itinerant. SYN. Wandering, travel- 
ling, locomotive, roving, roaming, 
journeying, nomadic. 

ANT. Stationary, domestic, fixed, 
settled, allocated, local. 

JABBER. SYN. Prate, mumble 
[ See GABBLE]. 

Jade. SYN. Fatigue, tire, weary, op- 
press, wear, harass, exhaust, worry. 

ANT. Refresh, recruit, bait, invig- 
orate, inspirit. 

Jangle, n. SYN. Jargon, babel, con. 
temion, wrangle, bickering, squabble, 

ANT. Argument, debate, discourse. 
Jangle, v. SYN. Bicker, wrangle, 
squabble, quarrel, dispute, nag, jar. 

ANT. Agree, hunuouize, accord, 

Jauty, or Jaunty. SYN. Flighty, 
airy, fantastic, showy, flaunting. 

ANT. Staid, sober, sedate, demure, 
Jar. SYN. Interfere, clash, quarrel 

| See JANULE]. 

Jargon. SYN. Gibberish, jangle, 
slang, cant, lingo, patois, confused 

ANT. Speech, conversation, litera- 
ture, discourse, oration, eloquence. 
Jaundiced. SYN. Biased, preju- 
diced, warped, prepossessed. 

ANT. Unbiased, unprejudiced, un- 

Jealous. SYN. Envious, self-anxious, 
covetous, invidious, suspicious. 

ANT. Unenvious, liberal, genial, 
self-denying, indifferent, unjealous. 
Jealousy. SYN. Suspicion, envy, 
rivalry, solicitude. 

ANT. Certainty, magnanimity, 
friendliness, guuerousness, without 

Jeer. SYN. Sneer, taunt, scoff, deride, 
scout, flout, mock, rally, banter. 

ANT. Flatter, auulate, fawn, cringe, 
compliment, eulogize. 
Jejune. SYN. Bare, scant, poor, thin, 
weak, barren, sterile, poverty-struck, 

ANT. Rich, exuberant, racy, abun- 
dant, interesting, overwrought, re- 

Jeopardy. SYN. Danger, peril, haz- 
ard, risk. 

ANT. Safety, security, provision, in- 

Jest. SYN. Joke, raillery, fun, sport, 
quip, witticism. 

ANT. Earnest, seriousness, gravity. 
Jilt. SYN. Flirt, coquette. 
Jingle. SYN. Rhyme, chime, tinkle, 

ANT. Euphony, consonance, mel- 
ody, harmony. 
Jocose. SYN. Humorous, funny, jocu- 




lar, waggish, jolly, merry, facetious. 
ANT. Melancholy, serious, earnest, 
grave, lugubrious, lackadaisical. 

Jocular [See JOCOSE], 

Jocund. SYN. Merry, joyous, jovial, 
gay, gleeful, blithesome, careless, 
mirthful, hilarious, sprightly, spor- 
tive, joyful, lively, vivacious. 

ANT. Melancholy, dull, grave, 
mournful, sorrowful, darksome, cheer- 
less, woful, rueful, doleful, careworn. 

Join. JSYN. Unite, adhere, adjoin, 
add, couple, connect, associate, an- 
nex, append, combine, link, accom- 
pany, confederate. 

ANT. Separate, disjoin, subtract, 

Joint. SYN. Articulation, junction, 
flexure, elbow, knee. 

ANT. Solution, disconnection, dis 
junction, uniformity, continuity. 

Joke [See JEST]. 

Jollification. SYN. Revelry, fes- 
tivity, conviviality, fun, carnival, 

ANT. Weariness, tediousness, so- 
berness, tedium, monotony. 

Jolly. SYN. Gay, joyful, gladsome, 
mirthful, genial, jovial, jubilant, ro- 
bust, lively, plump, merry. 

ANT. Sad, mournful, joyless, cheer- 
less, unmirthful, lugubrious, morose, 
gloomy, lean. 

Jollity [See JOVTAUTY]. 

Jostle. SYN. Hustle, push, thrust,jog, 
jolt, incommode. 

ANT- Clear, lead, extricate, convoy, 
escort, precede, pilot, attend. 

Jot. SYN. Tittle, cipher, trifle, rush, 
fig, particle, atom, thought, idea, bit, 
scrap, morsel, fraction, iota, whit. 

ANT. Deal, power, world, mass, 
light, load, ocean. 

Journey. SYN. Travel, excursion, 
tour, voyage, trip. 

Jovial. SYN. Jolly, genial, convivial. 

ANT. Ungenial, melancholy, uncon- 

vivial, saturnine, lugubrious, gloomy. 

Joviality. SYN. Merriment, jollity, 
mirth, hilarity. 

ANT. Sadness, seriousness, sober- 

Joy. SYN. Gladness, pleasure, delight, 
happiness, exultation, transport,felic- 
ity, ecstasy, rapture, bites, gaiety, 
mirth, merriment, festivity, hilarity, 

ANT. Sorrow, pain, trouble, misery, 
melancholy, grief, affliction, tears, 
depression, despondency, despair. 

Joylul. SYN. Happy, joyous, glad- 
some, blissful [See JOCUND]. 

Jubilant. SYN. Joyous, triumphant, 
festive, congratulatory, exultant. 

ANT. Doleful, mournful, sorrowful, 
wailing, penitent, penitential, lugu- 
brious, remorseful. 

Jubilee. SYN. Holiday, feast, rejoic- 
ing, merriment, festivity, revel,paean, 
carnival, high-day. 

ANT. Fast, humiliation, mourning, 
penitence, lent. 

Judge. SYN. Justice, magistrate, ar- 
bitrator, umpire, referee, critic, con- 
noisseur, authority, arbiter. 

ANT. Criminal, ignoramus, novice, 

Judgment. SYN. Decision, deter- 
mination, adjudication, sagacity, pen- 
etration, judiciousness, sense, intel- 
lect, belief, estimation, opinion, ver- 
dict, sentence, discernment, discrimi- 
nation, intelligence, prudence, award, 

ANT. Argument, consideration, in- 
quiry, speculation, proposition, in- 
vestigation, pleading, insagacity, in- 
judiciousness, evidence, pronuncia- 

Judicial. SYN. Juridical, forensic. 

Judicious. SYN. Wise, sagacious, ex- 
pedient, sensible, prudent, discreet, 
well-judged, well-advised, polite, dis- 
cerning, thoughtful. 

ANT. Foolish, unwise, silly, impru- 
dent, indiscreet.ill-judged, ill-advised, 
impolitic, inexpedient, rash, blind, in- 

Juggle. SYN. Conjure, cheat, bam- 
boozle, shuffle, trick, beguile, circum- 
vent, swindle, overreach, mystify, 

ANT. Expose, correct, enlighten, 
guide, lead, undeceive, disillusion- 
ize, detect. 

Jugglery. SYN. Trickery, impos- 
ture, cheating [See DECEIT]. 

Jumble [bee ABRANGE]. 

Jump. SYN. Leap, bound, spring,skip, 
ANT. Walk. 

Junction. SYN. Joining, connection, 
union, combination, coalition, attach- 




ment, fastening, annexation, alliance, 

ANT. Separation. disconnection,dis- 
uniou, division, segregation, disper- 
sion, loosening, unfastening, unifor- 
mity, continuity. 

Juncture [See CONJUNCTURE]. 

Jungle. SYN. Thicket, brake, involu- 
tion, ravelling, entanglement, laby- 
rinth, wilderness. 

ANT. Open place, order, arrange- 
ment, array, system. 

Junior. SIN. Younger. 
ANT. Senior, elder. 

Jurisdiction. STN. Administration, 
power, legalization, magistracy, lia- 

ANT. Freedom, independence, Im- 
munity, exemption. 

Just. SYN. Exact, fitting, true, fair, 
proportioned, harmonious, honest, 
reasonable, sound, honorable, nor- 
mal, impartial, equitable, upright, 
regular, orderly, lawful, right, right- 
eous, proper. 

ANT. Inexact, misfitted, dispropor- 
tioned, ill-proportioued, untrue, in- 
harmonious, unfair, unreasonable, un- 
sound, dishonorable, partial, unequit- 
able, unjust, irregular, abnormal, dis- 

Juwtlce. SYN. Efluity, impartiality, 
fairness, right, reasonableness, pro- 
priety, uprightness, desert, integrity. 
ANT. Injustice, wrong, partiality,un- 
fairness, unreasonableness, unlawful- 
ness, uiadequateness. 

JuMtlflciitlon. SYN. Vindication, 
apology, defence, advocacy, mainte- 
nance, plea, exoneration, exculpa- 

ANT. Condemnation, censure, con- 
viction, protest, abandonment, incul- 
pation, crimination, implication, ag- 

Justify. SYN. Clear, vindicate, exon- 
erate, defend, absoh e, excuse. 

ANT. Condemn, censure, convict, 

JuMtiieKH. SYN. Exactness, correct- 
ness, propriety [See ACCURACY]. 

Juntle [See JOSTLE]. 

Juvenile. SYN. Youthful, young, in- 
fantine, boyish, girlish, early, imma- 
ture, adolescent, pubescent, child- 
i*iu puerile. 

ANT. Mature, later, manly, woman- 
ly, elderly, aged, senile, anile, super- 
annuated, adult. 

Juxtaposition. SYN. Proximity, 
contiguity, contact [See CONTACT]. 

KEEN. SYN. Eager, vehement, sharp, 
piercing, penetrating, acute, cutting, 
biting, severe, sarcastic, satirical, ar- 
dent, prompt, shrewd. 

ANT. Indifferent, languid, blunt, 
dull, blind. 

Keep. SYN. Hold, restrain, retain, de- 
tain, guard, preserve, suppress, re- 
press, conceal, tend, support, main- 
tain, conduct, continue, obey, haunt, 
observe, frequent, celebrate, protect, 
adhere to, practise, binder, sustain. 

ANT. Release, acquit, liberate, send, 
dismiss, betrnj^ neglect, divulge, dis- 
card, abandon, intermit, disobey, dis- 
regard, transgress, forsake, desert, 

Keeper [See KEEP]. 

Keeping. SYN. Care, guardianship, 
maintenance, custody [See CARE]. 

Keepsake. SYN. Souvenir, remem- 
brancer, a gift of affection. 

Ken. SYN. View, survey, knowledge, 

ANT. Oversight, ignorance, incog* 
nizance. inobservance, inexperience,! 

Kernel [See CORK]. 

Key. SYN. Clew, guide, explanation, 
solution [See EXPLANATION]. 

Kick. SYN. Oaloitrate, rebel, resist, 

ANT. Caress, soothe, flatter, obey, 

Kill. SYN. Slay, murder, assassinate, 
destroy, slaughter, butcher, immolate, 
massacre, deaden, put to death, de- 

ANT. Resuscitate, revivify, vivify, 

Kin. SYN. Race, kindred, offspring, 
kind, family, sort, ilk, genus, kidney, 
class, r elationsh ip, consanguinity, kins- 
folk, blood. 

ANT. Foreignership, strangership, 
disconnection, inaffinity, irrelation. 

Kind, n, SYN. Style, character, <l- 
aeriptkm. designation, denomination. 


156 LAD 

genus, species, sort, class, nature, set, 
ANT. See Kin, dissimilarity. 

Kind. a. SYN. Benevolent, benign, 
tender, indulgent, humane, clement, 
lenient, compassionate, gentle, good, 
gracious, forbearing, kind-hearted. 

ANT. Unkind, harsh, severe, cruel, 
hard, illiberal. 

Kindle. SYN. Light, ignite, excite, 

ANT. Extinguish, suppress, quench, 

Kindness [See KIND]. 

Kindred, n. [See KIN]. 

Kindred, a. SYN. Congenial, allied, 
cogi. ate, akin, related. 

ANT. Uncongenial, unallied, unre- 

Kingdom. SYN. Empire, realm, do- 
minion, sovereignty, monarchy. 

Kingly. SYN. Royal, regal, imperial, 
magnificent, noble. 
ANT. See Magnificent 

Knave. SYN. Hogue, cheat, rascal, 
villain, miscreant, scoundrel. 

ANT. True-penny, gentleman, inno- 
cent, dupe, simpleton, gull, oaf. 

Knavery [See KNAVE]. 

bkimvisli. SYN. Fraudulent, villain- 
ous, dishonest [See HONEST]. 

Knit [See JOIN and INTERLACE]. 

Knot. SYN. Tie, bond, intricacy, diffi- 
culty, perplexity, cluster, collection, 
band, group, protuberance, joint. 

ANT. Loosening, unfastening, disso- 
lution, solution, explication, unravel- 
ling, dispersion, multitude, crowd, in- 
dentation, evenness, smoothness, cav- 

Knotty. SYN. Tough, bard, difficult, 
ANT. Plain, simple, easy, obvious. 

Know. SYN. Perceive, understand, 
comprehend, recognize, apprehend, 
distinguish [See PEHCEIVEJ. 

Knowing. SYN. Shrewd, nstnte, dis- 
cerning, sharp, acute, sagacious, pen- 
etrating, proficient, skillful, intelli- 
gent, experienced, well-informed, ac- 

ANT. Simple, dull, innocent, gulli- 
ble, undiscerning, stolid, siuy. 

Knowledge. SYN. Apprehension, 
comprehension, recognition, under- 
standing, conversance, experience, ac- 
quaintance, familiarity, cognizance, 

notice. information,instruction,le*i-- 
ing, enlightenment, scholarship, *t- 
tainments, acquirements. 

ANT. Misapprehension, inobserv- 
ance, incomprehension, misunder- 
standing, misconception, incouver- 
sance, inexperience, ignorance, un- 
familiarity, incognizance, misintor- 
mation,deceptlon, misinstrnctioa, an- 
educatedness, untutorediiess, rude- 
ness, illiterateness. 

LABOR. SYN. Work, toil, burO-n, 
drudgery, exertion, effort, industry, 
task, duties. 

ANT. Indolence, ease, inactivity, 
facility, skill, recreation, rest, re- 

Labored. SYN. Elaborate, studied, 
carefully wrought. 

ANT. Not elaborate, unstudied, easy, 
off hard. 

Laborer. SYN. Workman, working- 
man, employe, operative, bread-win- 
ner, hand. 
ANT. Employer. 

Laborious. SYN. Assiduous, diligent, 
painstaking, indefatigable, arduous, 
burdensome, toilsome, wearisome, in- 
dustrious, hard-working, active, diffi- 
cult, tedious. 

ANT. Idle, indiligent, lazy, indo- 
lent, easy, facile, light, feasible, sim- 

Labyrinth. SYN. Maze, complexity, 
bewilderment, involution, perplexity, 
inexplicable, difficulty. 

ANT. Clue, explication, elimination, 

Lace [See BIND]. 

Lacerate [See TEAR]. 

Lack. n. SYN. Failure, scarcity, defi- 
ciency, want, need, demand, insuffi- 

ANT. Fulness, abundance, sufficien- 
cy, satisfaction, supply, competence. 

Lack. v. SYN. Want, require, need, 
be destitute of. 
ANT. Supply, have abundance of. 

Laconic. SYN. Terse, curt, epigram- 

ANT. Prolix, wordy, tedious, prosy, 
garrulous, circumlocutory, loqua- 

Lade [See LOAD]. 




till cl" 11 [See LOAD]. 

Lading [See LOAD]. 

Lag. sy.x. Loiter, linger, saunter, 
dn \vdlj, dally, tarry, Idle. 

ANT. Press, hasten, ipeed, ruh, 
hurry, stir. 

Laggard. SYN. Loiterer, saunterer, 
dawdler, slow goer, sluggard. 
ANT. One moving quickly. 

Laical* SYN. Secular, non-li^el, civil, 

ANT. Clerical, legal, ministerial, ec- 
clesiastical, sacerdotal,priestly,oaoon- 
ical, spiritual. 

Lull}' |_8ee CLERGYMAN]. 

Lame. SYN. Weak, faltering, hobbling, 
hesitating, ineffective, impotent, srip- 
ple<i, halt, defective, imperfect. 

ANT. Robust, agile, potent, efficient, 
satisfactory, cogent, convincing, tol- 
ling, effective. 

Lament. SYN. Deplore, mourn, be- 
wail, regret, grieve tor, bemoan, wail 
ANT. Welcome, hall. 

Land. SYN. Plant, place, fix. 

ANT, Extricate, rt-iiiovu, disestablish, 

Language. SYN. Speech, talk, con- 
versation, dialect, discourse, tongue, 
diction, phraseology, articulation, ac- 
cents, vernacular, expression. 

ANT. Jargon, jabber, gibberish, ba- 
bel, gabble, cry, whine, bark, howl, 
roar, &c., obniutescence, dumbness, 
muteness, inarticulat6ness,speechles8- 

Languid. SYN. Faint, weary, feeble, 
unnerved, unbraced, pining, droop- 
ing, enervated, exhausted, flagging, 

ANT. Strong, healthy, robust, rig- 
orous, active, braced. 

Languish. SYN. Pine, droop, sink, 
faiiit, wither, sigh, decline. 

ANT. Flourish, luxuriate, bloom, 
prosper, thrive. 

Languor. SYN. Lassitude, weariness, 

ANT, Strength, vigor, freshness, 
energy, lithesomeness. 

Lank. SYN. Lean, loose, slender, slim, 
long, lax, raw-boned. 

ANT. Plump, short, full, rounded, 
crisp, curled. 

Lapse. SYN. Gliding, falling, flow, on- 

flow, flux, progress, escheatinent, dev- 
olution, reversion, elapsing. 

ANT. Stability, uprightness, station- 
ariness, fixture, nrrestation, stoppage, 
retention, inheritance, possession. 

Large. 6YN. Big, bulky, extensive, 
abundant, capacious, ample, liberal, 
comprehensive, enlightened, catholic, 
great, vast, wide. 

ANT. Small, mean, narrow, -circum- 
scribed, contracted, scanty, illiberal, 
niggardly, bigoted, petty, sordid. 

Lascivious. SYN. Lustful, libid- 
inous, lewd, lecherous, wanton. 
ANT. Pure, chaste, continent. 

Lasli. SYN. Censure, castigate, satir- 
ize, beat, tie, fasten, bind, flog, strike, 
whip, scourge. 
ANT. Extol, compliment, eulogize. 

Lassitude [See LANGUOR 

Last. v. SYN. Continue, remain, hold, 
endure, abide, live. 

ANT. Cease, fail, fade, fly, wane, 
depart, disappear, terminate. 

Last. a. SYN. Latest, ending, linal,con- 
cluding, hindmost, past, extreme,low- 
e?t, remotest, ultimate. 

ANT. First, introductory, initiatory, 
opening, foremost, ensuing, highest, 
minor, next, nearest. 

Lasting. SYN. Enduring, abiding, 
permanent, perpetual, durable [See 

Late. SYN. Slow, tardy, delayed, ad- 
vanced, deceased, past, recent. 

ANT. Early, present, existing, forth- 
coming, coming, future. 

Lately. SYN. Recently, of late. 
ANT. Formerly, remotely. 

Latent. SYN. Invisible, inapparenl, 
unobserved, hidden, concealed, un- 
developed, implicit, potential, inhe- 
rent, secret, occult. 

ANT. Visible, apparent, manifest, 
conspicuous, exposed, unconcealed, aiv 
tive, developed, explicit. 

Lateral. SYN. Indirect, oblique, sec- 
ondary. resultant,collateral,deviative 
additive, parallel, adjunct! ve, inci- 

ANT. Lineal, direct, primary, imme- 

Latter [See LAST]. 

Laud [See PRAISE]. 

Laudable [See PRAISEWORTHY]. 

Laudation [See PANEGYRIC]. 

Laughable [See RIDICULOUS J. 

LAO 158 

Lan<r1i at. SYS. Mock at, ridicule, 

deride FSee MOCK j. 

liauirliter. SYS. Merriment, glee, de- 
rision, ridicule, cachinnation, con- 

ANT. Weeping, tears.mourning, sor- 
row, admiration, veneration, respect, 
whimper, whine. 

Launch. SYN. Propel, hurl, embark, 
expatiate, enlarge. 
ANT. Repress, recall, ignore, avoid. 

Lave [See WASH]. 

Lavish. SYN. Profuse, unsparing, ex- 
travagant, bountiful, wasteful, prod- 

ANT. Chary, sparing, niggardly, 
economical, dainty, close, retentive. 

Lavish, v. SYN. Pour, heap, squander, 

ANT. Husband, store, keep, retain, 
accumulate, hoard, treasure, spare. 

Law. SYN. Rule, edict, regulation, de- 
cree, command, order, statute, enact- 
ment, mode, method, sequence, prin- 
ciple, code, legislation, adjudication, 
jurisdiction, jurisprudence. 

ANT. Misrule, disorder, anarchy, 
rebellion, insubordination, hazard, 
chance,irregularity, caprice, casualty, 

Lawful. SYS. Legal, permissible, or- 
derly, right, allowable, fair, constitu- 
tional, rightful, legitimate. 

ANT Illegal, impermissible, unlaw- 
ful, wrong, lawless, unfair. 

Lawless. SYN. Wild, rebellious, dis- 
orderly, savage, marauding, violent. 

ANT. Peaceful, loyal, orderly, civil- 
ized, honest, tractable, well-disposed 

Lawyer. SYN. Counsellor, attorney, 
counsel, advocate. 
ANT. Client. 

Lax. SYN. Loose, vague, incoherent, 
dissolute, licentious, unprincipled, re- 
miss, flabby, slack. 

ANT. Concise, coherent, compact, 
strict, rigid, severe, principled, con- 
scientious, attentive. 

Lay. SYN. Place, establish, deposit, al- 
lay, prostrate, arrange, dispose, put, 
spread, set down. 

ANT. Erect, raise, lift, excite, dis- 
arrange, disorder, scrape, abrade. 

Layman [See CLERGYMAN]. 

Lazy [See LABORIOUS]. 

Lead. v. SYN. Conduct, guide,precede, 
induce, spend, pass, commence, inau- 


gurate, convoy, persuade, direct, it* 

ANT. Misconduct, mislead, follow, 
dissuade, abandon, leave, misguide. 
Lead. n. SYN. Priority, pre-eminence, 
initiative, guidance, control. 

ANT. Subordination, inferiority, 

Leader. SYN. Chief, director, guide, 
pioneer, head. 

ANT. Follower. 
Leading [See LEAD]. 
League. SYN. Bond, combination, al- 
liance, compact, confederacy, union, 
coalition, confederation. 

ANT. Dissolution, disconnection, 
neutrality, secession, disunion, dis- 
ruption, alienation, divorce. 
Leak [See OOZE]. 

Lean. v. SYN. Incline, rest, support, 
tend, bend, depend, hang, repose,con- 
flde, slope. 

ANT. Stabilitate, erect, re-erect, 
raise, rise, straighten. 
Lean. a. SYN. Meagre, lank, tabid, 
emaciated, shrivelled, bony, thin, 
scraggy, skinny, slender, scanty. 

ANT. Fat, brawny, plump, well-con- 

Leaning. SYN. Tendency, inclina- 
tion, proclivity, propensity,partiality, 
bias, liking. 

ANT. Avoidance, aversion, repug- 
nance, loathing. 

Leap. SYN. Jump, bound, bounce, 
spring, vault, hop. 

ANT. Plunge, dip, dive, duck. walk. 
Learn. SYN. Acquire, attain, imbibe, 
collect, glean, understand, gatner. 

ANT. Lose, forget, teach, instruct. 
Learned. SYN. Conversant, erudite, 
read, skilled, scholarly, literary, 
knowing, well-informed, versed. 

ANT. Inconversant, illiterate, ig- 
norant, unlearned, unscholarly. 
Learner. SYN. Tyro, novice, pupil, 
student, beginner, scholar, disciple, 

ANT. Teacher, master, professor, 
adept, authority. 

Learning. SYN. Knowledge, erudi- 
tion, literature, lore, letters, acquire- 
ments, attainments, scholarship, edu- 
cation, tuition, culture. 

ANT. Ignorance, boorishness, it 
literiteness, emptiness, sciolism, in- 
tuition, revelation, inspiration. 


Least. RVN. Smallest, lowest, mean- 
est, last. 

ANT. Greatest, highest, first, nuiin, 

Leave, v. [Bee ABANDON and BE- 

Leave, n. SYN. Liberty,pennission, li- 
cense, concession. 

ANT. Restriction, prohibition, pre- 
vention, inhibition, refusal. 

Legal. SYN. Legitimate, lawful, al- 
lowable, juridical, constitutional. 

ANT. Illegal, illegitimate, unlawful, 
unallowable, lay, unconstitutional. 

Legend. SYN. Myth, fable, marvel- 
lous story, fiction. 

ANT. History, fact, actual occur- 

Legible. SYN. Plain, decipherable, 
well-written, caligraphic. 

ANT. Obscure, undecipherable, ill- 
written, illegible, cabalistic, crypto- 

Legitimate. SYN. Allowable, nor- 
mal, fair, licit, real, genuine, fairly 
deduced, lawfully begotten. 

ANT. Illegitimate, unallowable, un- 
fair, illicit. 

Leisure. SYN. Freedom, vacation, op- 
portunity, convenience, ease, quiet, 
retirement, spare time, unoccupied 

ANT. Constraint, employment, oc- 
cupation, distraction, labor, bustle, 
toil,busiuess, absorption, engagement. 

Leisurely. SYN. Easy, deliberate, 

ANT. Eager, hurried, precipitate, 
rapid, expeditious. 

Lend. SYN. Advance, loan, grant, af- 
ford, present. 

ANT. Resume, retract, appropriate, 
retain, withhold, refuse. 

Lengthen. SYN. Elongate, stretch 
out, prolong [See EXTEND]. 

Lengthy. SYN. Diffuse, prolix, te- 
dious, long-drawn, verbose. 

ANT. Concise, compendious, curt, 
short, brief, laconic, compact, con- 
densed, succinct. 

Lenient [See MILD and KIND], 

Lenitive. SYN. Palliative, initiative, 

ANT. Inflammatory, exaggerative, 
provocative, aggravating, Irritant, 

Lenity [See KINDNESS], 

159 LIB 

Lentous [See GELATINOUS]. 

I.,rs.'ii | See DIMINISH]. 

Lesson. SYN. Precept, warning, in- 
struction, lecture, homily, informa- 

ANT. Misiustruction, misguidance, 
misinformation . 

Let. SYN. Permit, allow, suffer. 
ANT. Prevent, hinder. 

Let. v. SYN. Hinder [See Above]. 

Lethal. Deadly, mortal, fatal, poi- 
sonous, venomous. 

AKT. Invigorative, remedial, sana- 
tive, wholesome, restorative, vivify- 
ing, vital, genial. 

Lethargy. SYN. Drowsiness, torpor, 
oblivion, stupor, swoon, trance. 

ANT. Vigilauce,alertness,live]ine88, 
mindfuluess, wakefulness, alacrity, 
activity, life. 

Letter. SYN. Epistle, note, communi- 
cation, message, missive. 

Lettered. [See LEARNED]. 

Level, n. BYN. Plane, surface, floor, 
equality, aim, platform, ground, co- 
ordinateness, horizontally. 

ANT. Unevenness, acclivity, decliv- 
ity, inequality, inco-ordinateness, 

Level, v. SYN. Plane, smooth, roll, 
flatten, equalize, raze. 

ANT. Roughen, furrow, disequalize, 

Level, a. Horizontal, plain, flat, even, 

ANT. Rough, uneven, broken, roll- 

Levigate. SYN. Comminute, tritu- 
rate, pulverize, smooth, polish, plane. 
ANT. Compound, amalgamate, in- 
dent, roughen, batter. 

Levity. SYN. Lightness, frivolity, in- 
constancy, flightiuess, vanity, thought- 

ANT. Earnestness, gravity, serious- 

Levy. SYN. Baise,impose, muster, ex- 

ANT. Forego, surrender, reimburse, 
repay, liquidate. 

Liable [See AMENABLE]. 

Libel. SYN. Defamation, detraction, 
traducement, calumny, slander, de- 
famUory publication, lampoon. 

ANT. Retraction, vindication, apol- 
ogy, eulogy, panegyric, puff, advo- 
cacy, encomium. 




Libellous. BYN. Defamatory, calum- 

ANT. Laudatory, eulogistic. 

Liberal. SI-N. Free, gentle, refined, 
polished, generous, bountiful, catho- 
lie, enlarged, copious, ample, profuse, 
large, handsome, munificent, abun- 
dant, noble-minded, bounteous, toler- 
ant, plentiful. 

ANT. Churlish, low, mean, boorish, 
ungenerous, illiberal, grasping, nig- 
gardly, avaricious, greedy, gainful, 
narrow-minded, bigoted, prejudiced, 
contracted, scanty, inadequate. 

Liberate [See CONFINE]. 

Libertine. SYN. Kake, debauchee. 

ANT. Ascetic, anchorite, recluse, 
hermit, puritan, saint. 

Liberty. SYN. Freedom, leave, in- 
dependence, permission, privilege, li- 
cense, franchise, immunity, insult, 
impropriety, volition, voluntariness, 

ANT. Slavery, servitude, restraint, 
constraint, submission, dependence, 
obligation, compulsion, deference, re- 
spect, considerateness, necessity, fa- 
tality, predestination. 

Llbrate [See BALANCE]. 

Licence, n. [See LIBERTY]. 

License, t. SYN. Permit, allow, in- 

ANT. Restraint, disallow, withhold, 
forbid, prohibit. 

Licentious. SYN. Voluptuous, disso- 
lute, rakish, debauched, self-indul- 
gent, lax, profligate, loose, unbridled. 
ANT. Temperate, strict, sober, 
self-controlled, ascetic, self-denying, 

Licit. SYN. Lawful, legal, allowable, 
ANT. Illegal, illicit, unfair. 

Lie. n. SYN. Falsehood, untruth, fabri- 
cation, subterfuge, evasion, fib, fic- 
tion, falsity. 
ANT. Truth, fact, veracity. 

Lie. v. SYM. Rest, repose, be, remain. 
ANT. Rise, move, stir. 

Lief. SYN. Gladly, willingly, readily. 

ANT. Slowly, unwillingly, reluctant- 
ly, !oth. 

Life. SYN. Vitality, duration, exist- 
ence, condition, conduct, animation, 
vivacity, personality, etate, society, 
morals, spirit, activity, history, ca- 

ANT. Mortality, decease, death, 
noa-eristence, dullness, torpoi, por- 
traiture, lethargy, lifelessm-ss. 

Lifeless [See LIFE and DEAD]. 

Lift. SYN. Raise, elevate, upraise, up- 
heave, exalt, hoist, elate, erect. 

ANT. Lower, sink, depress, crush, 
overwhelm, degrade, dash, cast, hurl. 

Ligament-. SYN. Bond, band, band- 
age, ligature, brace, strap, girth. 

ANT. Divulsion, discerption, discon- 
nection, fracture, dislocation, sever- 
ance, laceration, splinter, breach, dis- 
bandment, shield, fender, discon- 

Light, n. SYN. Luminosity, radiance, 
beam, gleam, phosphorescence, scin- 
tillation, coru.- cation, flash, bright" 
ness, brilliancy, effulgence, splendor, 
blaze, candle, lamp, lantern, explana- 
tion, instruction, illumination, under- 
standing, interpretation, day, life. 

ANT. Darkness, dimness, obscurity, 
ehade, duskiness, gloom, extinction, 
misiaterpretation, ignorance, nusun- 
derstanding, night, death, confusion, 
mystification, tenebrosity. 

Light, a. SYN. Imponderous, port- 
able, unweighty, buoyant, volatile, 
easy, digestible, scanty, active, unen- 
cumbered, empty, slight, gentle, un- 
steady, capricious, vain, frivolous, 
characterless, thoughtless, unthought- 
ful, unconsidered, inadequate, incom- 
pact, unsubstantial, inconsiderable, 
not difficult, bright, whitish, trifling. 
ANT. Heavy, ponderous, weighty, 
immovable, leaden, solid, hard, in- 
digestible, full, lazy, encumbered, bur- 
dened, oppressed, weighed, loaded, 
laden, ballasted, grave, serious, im- 
portant, violent, steady, firm, prin- 
cipled, cautious, reflective, reliable, 
liable, sensible, earnest, thoughtful, 
well-considered, well-weighed, ade- 
quate, stiff, compact, dark, dark-col- 

Lightsome [See CHEERFUL,]. 

Like. n. SYN. Equal, correspondent, 
similar, resembling. 

ANT. Unequal, different.dissimilar. 

Like. t;. SYN. Love, approve, enjoy, 
relish, affect. 

ANT. Hate, dislike, loathe, mislike, 
detest, abhor, abominate. 

Likely [See PROBABLE]. 

Likelihood. [See PROBABILITY], 




Likeness. SYN. Similarity, resem- 
blance, correspondence, similitude, 
parity, copy, imitation, portrait, rep- 
resentation, image, effigy, carte de 
visite, picture. 

ANT. Dissimilarity, dissimilitude, 
disparity, inequality, unlikeues:-, orig- 

Likewise. SYN. So, also, too, as well, 
to boot, besides. 
ANT' Not, otherwise. 

Liking. SYN. Love, approval, relish, 
nifection, taste, inclinatiou,partiolity, 

ANT. Hatred, dislike, disrelish, 
aversion, repugnance, loathing, disin- 
clination, abhorrence. 

I. i in it [See BOUND]. 

Limitless [See INFINITE]. 

Limpid. SYN. Transparent, translu- 
cent, crystalline, pure, lucid, clear. 

ANT. Opaque, turbid, luteous, foul, 

Line. SYN. Cord, thread, length, out- 
line, row, direction, verse, course, 
method, succession, sequence, con- 

ANT. Breadth, contents, space, di- 
vergency, deviation, fluctuation, vari- 
ation, interruption, discontinuance, 

Lineage. SYN. Descent, house, fam- 
ily, race, ancestry, progeny, breed, 

ANT. Ancestor, founder, source, 

Lineament. SYN. Line, mark, fea- 
ture, form, profile. 

ANT. Face, countenance, visage, as- 

Linear. SYN. Direct, straight, recti- 

ANT. Incurved,divergent,collateral, 
lateral, curvilinear, zigzag. 

Linger. SYN. Tarry, loiter, saunter, 
lag, hesitate, wait. 
ANT. Haste, speed, press, push. 


Liquefaction [See MELT]. 

Liquescence [See MELT]. 

Liquid. SYN. Fluid, liquescent, melt- 
ing, running, watery, fluent, soft, 
mellifluous, limpid, flowing, clear, 

ANT. Solid, solidified, concrete, con- 
gealed, hard, dry, indissolvable, in- 
soluble, harsh, discordant. 

Liquidate [See FAY]. 

List. SYN. Catalogue, roll, register, 
inventory, schedule I See KECOSD]. 

Listen. SYN. Hear, attend, hearken, 
incline, give ear, heed. 

ANT. Disregard, ignore, refuse, re- 

Listless. SYN. Indifferent, careless, 
uninterested, vacant, languid, indo- 
lent, supine, lackadaisical, torpid, 

ANT. Eager, interested, curious, ar- 
dent, attentive, absorbed, active, en- 
gaged, earnest. 

Literal. SYN. Exact, grammatical, 
verbal, close, real, positive, actual, 

ANT. General, substantial, meta- 
phorical, free, spiritual. 

Literary. SYN. Erudite, scholarly, 

ANT. Illiterate, unscholarly, un- 

Literature. SYN. Lore, erudition, 
reading, study, learning, attainment, 
scholarship, literary works. 
ANT. Genius, intuition, inspiration. 

Litlie. SYN. Pliant, flexible, limber, 
supple, elastic, agile, pliable. 

ANT. Tough, inflexible, inelastic, 

Litigious. SYN. Quarrelsome, disputa- 
tious, contentious. 

ANT. Complacent, contented, ac- 
quiescent, genial, facile. 

Litter. SYN. Scatter, mislay, discom- 
pose, disorder, derange. 

ANT. Clear, clean, order, lay, meth- 
odize, arrange. 

Little. SYN. Small, tiny, pigmy,dimin- 
utive, short, brief, scanty, unimpor- 
tant, insignificant, slight, weak, in- 
considerable, trivial, illiberal, mean, 
petty, paltry, dirty, shabby, dwarf. 

ANT. Big, bulky, large, enormous, 
huge, monstrous, full-sized, long, full, 
developed, much, important, grave, 
serious, momentous, liberal, gene- 
rous, noble, high-minded, handsome. 

Live. v. SYN. Vegetate, grow, survive, 
continue, abide, dwell, last, subsist, 
behave, act, breathe, exist. 

ANT. Die, perish, wither, demise, 
migrate, vanish, fade, fail, languish, 
depart, drop, decease. 

Live. a. SYN. Animate. 
ANT. Inanimate, defunct. 


Livelihood. SYN. Maintenance, sup- 
port, living, substance, sustenance. 

ANT. Privation, starvation, want, in- 
anition, beggary. 

Lively. SY>". Brisk, animated, keen, 
eager, blithe, alert, vivid, vivacious, 
quick, spirited, vigorous, sprightly, 

ANT. Lifeless, torpid, dull, inani- 
mate, indifferent, listless, insensate. 

Livery. SYN. Uniform, garb, badge, 
dependence, servitude, retainership, 
retinue, subservience. 

ANT. Freedom, immunity, nisub- 

Living, a. [See LIVE, a.]. 

Living 71. [See LIVELIHOOD]. 

Load. ti. SYN. Weight, lading, cargo, 
oppression, incubus, drag, burden. 

ANT. Refreshnjent, support, solace, 
alleviation, emptiness, lightness. 

Load. i 1 . SYN. Burden, charge, lade, 
cargo, cumber, oppress. 

ANT. Disburden, unload, disencum- 
ber, lighten, alleviate, believe. 

Loan. SYN. Advance, mortgage, hy- 

ANT. Recall, resumption, foreclo- 

Loatbe [See ABOMINATE]. 

Loathsome [See ABOMINABLE]. 

Locality [See PLACE]. 

Locate. SYN. Place, establish, settle, 
fix, dispose, lodge. 

ANT. Displace, disestablish, dis- 
lodge, remove. 

Location [See LOCALITY]. 

Locomotion. SYN. Movement, mi- 
gration, travel, passage. 

ANT. Stationariness, stoppage, rest, 
abode, remanence, fixture. 

Locomotive. SYN. Migratory. 
ANT. Stationary. 

Lodge [See LOCATE]. 

Lofty. PYN. Elevated, towering, high, 
dignified, eminent, stately, haughty, 
majestic, airy, tall. 

ANT. Depressed, low, stunted, un- 
dignified, ordinary, unstately, mean, 
unimposing, unassuming, affable. 

Logical. SYN. Close, argumentative, 

AST. Inconclusive, illogical, falla- 

Logomachy. STN. Wrangle, strife, 
tontenrion. debate. 


ANT. Chat, colloquy, conrfcrsatioo, 
Loiter [See LAO]. 
Loll. SYN. Lounge, recline. 

ANT. Rise, stir. 
Lonely [See LONESOME]. 
Lonesome. SYN. Forlorn, dreary, 
forsaken, \vild,;olitary. desolate, lone- 

ANT. Cheerful, befriended, festive, 
frequented, populous, gay, animated, 

Long. SYN. Protracted, produced, dil- 
atory, lengthy, tedious, prolix, exten- 
sive, diffuse, far-reaching. 

ANT. Short, curt, curtailed, brief, 
speedy, quick, concise, condensed. 
Longing. SYN. Eagerness, desire, as- 
piration, craving, yearning, wishing. 

ANT. Indiffereuce,repugnance,aver- 

Look. n. [See ASPECT]. 
Look. v. SYN. See, behold, contem- 
plate, observe, seem, appear, face. 

ANT. Overlook, miss, misobserve, 
misbeseem, lurk, smoulder. 
Look at. SYN. See, view, eye, gaze 
at, behold, witness, inspect. 

ANT. [See LOOK], 

Loom. SYN. Glimmer, lower, gloam. 
ANT. Dwindle, pale, recede, fade, 
vanish, disappear. 
Loose, v. SYN. Untie, unfasten, let 


ANT. Tie, fasten, hold, retain. 
Loose, a. SYN. Unbound, detached, 
flowing, scattered, sparse, incompact, 
vague, inexact, rambling, dissolute, 

ANT. Bound, tied, fastened, tight, 
moored, lashed, secured, thick, close, 
dense,compact, pointed, accurate.exact, 
consecutive, strict, logical, scientific, 

Lop. SYN. Prune, curtail, shorten, re- 
trench, amputate, truncate. 

ANT. Grow, trail, train, elongate, 
Loquacity. SYN. Talkativeness. 

ANT. Taciturnity. 

Lordly. SYN. Lofty, magnificent, ma- 
jestic, noble, proud, imperious. 

ANT. Mean, beggarly, ignoble, un- 
imposing, humble, servile, lowly. 
Lordship. SYN. Rule, dominion, ja- 


ANT. Homage, subjection, subser- 

Ijore [See LEARNING], 

Lo*<>. SYN. Hiss, drop, mislay, for- 

ANT. Keep, retain, find, recover, lo- 
cate, earn, guard, treasure, econo- 
mize, utilize, preserve, abandon, dis- 
card, reject. 

Loss. SYN. Mislaying, dropping, for- 
feiture, missing, privation, 
riment, damage. 

ANT. Preservation, recovery, earn- 
ing, satisfaction, restoration, econo- 
my, augmentation, advantage, gain. 

Lot. SYN. Chance, fortune, fate, haz- 
ard, ballot, doom. 

ANT. Law, provision, arrangement, 
disposal, design, purpose, plan, por- 
tion, allotment. 

Loth. SYN. Reluctant, unwilling. 
ANT. Ready, willing, lief. 

Loud. SYN. Sounding, sonorous, re- 
sonant, noisy, audible, vociferous, 
clamorous, obstreperous. 

ANT. Soft, gentle, subdued, whisper- 
ing, rustling, murmuring, babbling, 
pattering, tinkling, dulcet, inaudible, 

Lounge [See LOLL and LOITER]. 

Lout. SYN. Clown, looby, clodhopper, 
ANT. Dandy, fop, cockney, prig. 

Love. SYN. Affection, attachment,pa8- 
sion, devotion, benevolence, charity, 

ANT. Hatred, dislike, disaffection, 
alienation, estrangement, bitterness, 
coldness, Indifference, repugnance, 
infidelity, desertion, unkindness, mal- 
ice, uncbaritubleness. 

Lover. SYN. Suitor, wooer, sweet- 
heart, swain, beau. 
ANT. Husband, wife, mate. 

Lovely. SYN. Amiable, lovable, en- 
chanting, beautiful, pleasing, delight- 

i f ul. charming. 

ANT. Unamiable, unlovable, hate- 
ful, hideous, plain, homely, unat- 
tractive, unlovely. 

Low. SYN. Abated, sunk, depressed, 
stunted, declining, deep, subsided, in- 
audible, cheap, gentle, dejected, de- 
graded, mean, abject, base, unwor- 
thy, lowly, feeble, moderate, frugal, 
repreewed, subdued, reduced, poor, 

163 LUO 

ANT. Elevated, lofty, tall, amend- 
ing, rising, high, exorbitant, violent, 
loud, excited, elated, eminent, consid- 
erable, influential, high-minded, hon- 
orable, proud, strong, aggravated, in- 
tensified, raised, wealthy, rich. 

Lower, v. SYN. Depress, decrease,re- 
duce, bate, abate, drop, humiliate, 
sink, debase, humble, diminish. 

ANT. Hoist, raise, heighten, exalt, 
increase, aggrandize, elevate. 

Lower, a. SYN. Inferior. 
ANT. Higher, superior. 

Lowering. SYN. Dark, threatening, 
gloomy, murky, lurid, overcast. 
ANT. See Muggy. 

Lowly. SYN. Mean, low, common, 
humble, meek. 

ANT, Lofty, elevated, eminent ,li>nl- 
ly, proud. 

Lowiiess [See Low]. 

Loyal. SYN. Submissive, obedient, 
faithful, allegiant, true, constant. 

ANT. Insubmissive, insurgent, mal. 
content, rebellious, disobedient, uu. 
faithful, unallegiant, untrue, incon- 
stant, disaffected. 

Loyalty. SYN. Fidelity, fealty, alle- 
giance, faithfulness. 

ANT. Disloyalty, unfaithfulness, 

Lubricate. SYN. Oil, ease, grease, 
levigate, gloze, glaze. 

ANT. Rust, clog, indent, roughen, 

Lucent [See LIMPID and LUCID]. 

Lucid. SYN. Shining, bright, resplen 
dent, Incident, luminous, clear, trans 
parent, crystalline, pellucid, distinct, 
intelligible, rational, persplcuous,or. 
derly, limpid, lucent, easily under, 

ANT. Dark, unlustrous, opaque, tur- 
bid, muddy, obscure, unintelligible, 
confused, insolved, insane, mystified. 

Luck [See CHANCE]. 

Luckiest* [See CHANCE and LUCKTJ. 

Lucky. SYN. Fortunate, auspicious, 
prosperous, successful, favorable. 

ANT. Unlucky, unfortunate, inau- 
spicious, unprosperous, adverse, ill- 
fated, disastrous, luckless. 

Lucrative [See PROFITABLE]. 

Lucre. SYN. Gain, profit, greed,mmm. 
mon, wealth, money. 

ANT. Loss, poverty, failure, priva* 
fcoa, TOM, refuse. 


164 HAD 

Lucubration. SYN. Study, medita- 
tion, work, cogitation. 

ANT. Idleness, vacuity, incogitancy, 

Luculent [See LUCID]. 

Ludicrous. SYN. Ridiculous,farcical, 
laughable, comic, droll, funny, comi- 

ANT. Serious, momentous, grave, 
ead, sorrowful, mournful, tragic, lu- 
gubrious, melancholy, sombre, dole- 

Lugubrious [See LUDICROUS]. 

Lull, v. SYN. Calm, quiet, hush, still, 
tranquilize [See ASSUAGE]. 

Lull. n. SYN. Quiet, assuagement, ces- 
sation, quiescence, subsidence. 

ANT. Tumult, excitement, storm, 

Lumber, n. SYN. Trash, rubbish,ref- 
ANT. Valuables, commodities, stock. 

Lumber, v. SYN. Choke, crowd, ob- 
struct, encumber. 

ANT. Clear, disencumber, utilize, 

Luminary. SYN. Sage, savant, celeb- 
rity, light, genius. 

ANT. Fool, ignoramus, dunce, lout, 

Luminous [See LUCID]. 

Lump. SYN. Mass, hunk, hunch,slice. 

Lumpish. SYN. Heavy,cloddish, slug- 
gish, clumsy. 

ANT. Light, airy, agile, sylph-like, 
nimble, active. 

Lunacy. SYN. Madness, Insanity, de- 
rangement, craziness, mania, aberra- 
tion, hallucination. 

ANT. Sanity, reason, intellect, intel- 
ligence, rationality, lucidity. 

Lunatic. SYN. Madman, maniac, mo- 

ANT. Solon, philosopher, luminary, 

Lure. n. SYN. Allurement [See AT- 

Litre, v. [See DECOY]. 

Lurid. SYN. Murky, lowering, wan, 
dismal, gloomy. 
ANT. Bright, luminous. 

Lurk. SYN. Hide, lie, skulk, abscond, 
lie hid, lie in wait. 

ANT. Rise, spring, ehow, emerge, 

.Luscious. SYN. Sweet, delicious, su- 

gary, honied, delightful, toothsome, 
ANT. Sour, sharp, tart, bitter. 

Lustration. SYN. Purification, ex- 
purgation, expiation. 

ANT. Desecration, defilement, con- 

Lustre. SYN. Brightness, splendor, 
brilliancy, effulgence, glory, renown 

Lusty. SYN. Robust, vigorous, strong, 
stout, able-bodied, burly, brawny, 
muscular, healthy, corpulent. 

ANT. Infirm, weak, disabled, ailing, 
effete, listless. 

Lu lose [See LIMPID], 

Luxuriant [See EXUBERANT]. 

Luxuriate [See BASK]. 

Luxurious. SYN. Voluptuous, self- 
indulgent, pleasurable, sensual, pam- 

ANT. Hard, painful, self-denying, 
ascetic, hardy. 

Luxury. SYN. Effeminacy, epicur- 
ism, voluptuousness, wantonness, self- 
indulgence, softness, animalism, deli- 
cacy, dainty, profuseness. 

ANT. Hardness, asceticism,stoicism, 
self-denial, hardship. 

Lying. SYN. Mendacious, false, un- 
true, untruthful. 
ANT. True, veracious. 


MACERATE. SYN. Attenuate, rot, 
waste, wither, steep, madefy. 

ANT. Fatten, replenish, pamper, 
repair, swell. 

Maceration [See MACERATE], 

Machination. SYN. Contrivance, 
plot, intrigue, conspiracy, stratagem, 
artful scheme, design. 

ANT. Detection, counteraction,over- 
throw, baffling defeat, exposure, defi- 
ance, challenge, conflict, competition. 

Maculated. SYN. Spotted, speckled, 
mottled, dotted. 

ANT. Unspotted, spotless, speckless, 

M[ad. SYN. Insane, demented, furious, 
lunatic, infuriated, crazy, maniacal, 
frantic, rabid, wild, distracted. 

ANT. Sane, sound, sensible, quiet, 
composed, unexcited, sober. 



ITIaddeu. SYN. Infuriate, enrage, ex- 
asperate, inflame. 

ANT. Calm, pacify, assuage, mes- 
merize, lay. 

madefactlon. SYN. Wetting, macer- 
ation, moUteniug, moisture, humec- 

ANT. Exsiccation, drying, arefac- 

Madman [See LUNATIC]. 
madness. SYN. Insanity, frenzy,rage, 

ANT. Sanity, calmness, soberness 
[See LUNACY]. 

magic. SYN. Enchantment, sorcery. 
magisterial. SYN. Dictatorial, con- 
sequential, authoritative, imposing. 

ANT. Submissive, docile, undigni- 
fied, uuimposing, unassuming, mod- 

magistrate [See JUDGE]. 
magnanimous. SYN. Noble, high- 
minded, exalted, high-souled, great- 
souled, lofty, honorable. 

ANT. Mean, little-souled [See NO- 

Magnanimity. SYN. High minded- 
ness, generosity, forbearance, soft- 
ness, clemency. 

ANT. Meanness, pettiness, paltri- 
ness, spitefulness, spleen. 
magnificent. SYN. Grand, magnani- 
mous, noble, spJendid, super b.august, 
imposing, gorgeous, stately, majestic, 
dignified, sublime, pompous. 

ANT. Petty, mean, little, paltry.flat, 
beggarly, small minded, ordinary, 
tawdry, uuircposing. tame. 
magnify. SYN. Enlarge, amplify, in- 
crease, augment, exaggerate, laud, ex- 

ANT. Diminish, contract, curtail, 
palliate, extonuate, decry. 
magniloquent. SYN. High-flown, 
altiloquent, bombastic, tumid, turgid, 

ANT. Simple, unaffected, vernacu- 
lar, plain-spoken. 
magnitude PSee SIZE]. 
maid. SYN. Maiden, girl, damsel, lass, 

ANT. Matron, married woman. 
maim. SYN. Disable, cripple, mar, 
mutilate, mangle, disfigure, lame. 

ANT. Restore, reinvigorate. mend, 
9Ialn. SYN. Bulk, majority, body,prin- 

cipal, trunk, chief, leading, most im- 
portant, first. 

ANT. Portion, section, minority, 
branch, limb, tributary, member, sub- 
ordinate, inferior. 

mainly. SYN. Principally, largely, 
chiefly, primarily. 

ANT. Somewhat, partially, slightly, 

maintain [See SUPPORT]. 

maintenance. SYN. Livelihood, de- 
fence, subsistence, means of support. 

majestic [See MAGNIFICENT]. 

majesty. SYN. Dignity, grandeur, au- 
gustness, stateliness [See GRAND- 

majority. SYN. Superiority, elder- 
ship, priority, bulk, preponderance, 

ANT. Inferiority, juniority, minor- 

make. SYN. Create, produce, fashion, 
frame, fabricate, construct, effect, do, 
perform, execute, find, gain, compel, 
establish, constitute, reach, mould, 
shape, form, bring about. 

ANT. Annihilate, unmake, undo, 
dismember, disintegrate, destroy, de- 
feat, miss, lose, mar, disestablish. 

maker. SYN. Creator, manufacturer. 
ANT. Destroyer. 

maladministration. SYN. Mis- 
rule, misgovernment, malversation. 
ANT. Rule, government, administra' 

malady. SYN. Disorder, distemper, 
sickness, ailment, disease; complaint, 

ANT. Health, sanity, soundness, 
heartiness, vigor, bloom. 

malcontent [See INSURGENT]. 

malediction [See BENEDICTION], 

malefactor [See CULPRIT]. 

Kalefieent [See Bnrsnorarr]. 

malevolent [See BENEFICENT]. 

malformation [See DEFORMITY], 

.Haliee [See SPITE]. 

malign [See TRADUCE]. 

malignant [See BENEFICENT]. 

malignity [See SPITE]. 

.Tlalloable [See DUCTILE]. 

maltreat [See INJURE]. 

malversation. SYN. Malpractice, 

ANT. Integrity, uncorruptness, up- 

MAN 16G 

]Tlanacle. SYN. Shackle, hand-cuff, 
fetter, chain. 
ANT. Unbind, unfetter, unchain. 

Ulaiiage. SYN. Handle, manipulate, 
control, conduct, administer, mould, 
regulate, contrive, train, husband, di- 
rect, wield. 

ANT. Mismanage, misconduct, up- 
set, derange, misuse. 

manageable. SYN. Easy, feasible, 
possible, docile, tractable, practica- 

ANT. Difficult, impracticable. Im- 
possible, unmanageable, intractable, 
refractory, untameable. 

management. SYN. Treatment, con- 
duct, administration, government, ad- 
dress, skill, superintendence, skillful 

ANT. Maltreatment, misconduct, 
maladministration, misgoverDment, 

manager. SYS. Director, superin- 
tendent, overseer, supervisor. 

ANT. Workman, follower, working- 

mandate. SYN. Command, edict, or- 
der, bidding, injunction, behest, rule, 

ANT. Suggestion, petition, request, 

manful [See MANLY]. 

ITIangle [See MAIM and LACERATE]. 

manhood. SYN. Humanity, virility, 
maturity, manfulness, manliness. 

ANT. Divinity, womanhood, child- 
hood, childishness. 

mania [See LUNACY]. 

maniac [See LUNATIC]. 

manifest, a. SYN. Visible,obvious,di- 
tinct, conspicuous, indubitable, clear, 
evident, plaia, patent, apparent, 

ANT. Invisible, dubious, inconspicu- 
ous, indistinct. 

manifest, v. [See EXHIBIT]. 

manifold. SYN. Numerous, multi- 
plied, multigenous, multifarious, va- 
ried, various, multitudinous, sundry, 

i.T. Few, scant, rare, scarce, uni- 
form, limited. 

manipulate [See HANDLE and MAN- 

mankind. SYN. Humanity, society, 
man, men. 


ANT. Divinity, Deity, God, Heaven, 
nature, earth, world, creation, cattle. 

manlike. SYN. See Manly, a cor- 
ruption of Manlike. 

manly. SYN. Bold, courageous, gen- 
erous, open, chivalrous, frank, firm, 
noble, stately, fine, mature, mascu- 
line, brave, fearless, hardy, vigorous, 
manlike, manful, dignified. 

ANT. Womanish, childish, timid, 
unmanly, dastardly, weak, puny, un- 
grown. boyish. 

manner. SYN. Mode, method, style, 
form, fashion, carriage, behavior, de- 
portment, habit, sort, kind. 

ANT. Work, project, design, per- 
formance, life, action, proceeding, 
appearance, being. 

mannerism. SYN. Self-repetition, 
affectation, euphuism, self-conscious, 

ANT. Naturalness, unaffectedness, 
character, peculiarity, idiosyncrasy, 
genuineness, specialty. 

mannerly. SYN. Polite, well-behaved, 
well-bred, courteous, civil. 

ANT. Unmannerly, rude, coarse, 

manners. SYN. Deportment, behav- 
ior, carriage, courtesy, politeness, 
intercourse, demeanor. 

ANT. Misdemeanor, misbehavior, 

manoeuvre. SYN. Operation, tactics, 
contrivance, movement. 

ANT. Counteraction, defeat, baffle- 
ment, detection, countermovement, 
neutralization, check. 

mansuetude. SYN. Docility, mild> 
uess, gentleness, tameness. 

AST. Ferocity, wild: ess, fierceness, 
savageness, untamableness. 

manufacture. SYN. Make, produc- 
tion, fabrication, composition, con- 
struction, manipulation, molding. 

ANT. Use, employment, consump- 
tion, wear. 

manumit [ See ENSLAVE]. 

manumission. SYN. Liberation, 
release, emancipation, enfranchise- 
ment, discharge, dismissal. 

ANT. Restraint, coercion, slavery, 
cohibition, repression. 

manure, v. SYN. Fertilize, enrich. 

many. SYN. Numerous, abundant, fre- 
quent, manifold, divers, sundry, muV 

MAR ] 

ANT. Few, scarce, rare, infrequent. 
M:ir. SYN. Spoil, hurt, damage, in- 
jure, defeat, impair, maim, deform. 

Am. Make, restore, mend, improve, 
reinstate,promote, enflance, conserve. 
marauder. SYN. Plunderer, invader, 
rover, free-booter, moss-trooper, fili- 
buster, pillager, guerilla, bush- 

ANT. Kanger, guard, sentry, keeper, 
outpost, marcher. 

Margin. SYN. Edge, lip, boundary, 
iiititude, room, loophole, brink, ex- 

ANT. Figure, space, centre, limita- 
tion, restriction, stringency. 
71 a ri uc. SYN. Oceanic, sea, nepturian, 
maritime, navnl, salt-water, nautical. 
ANT. Terrestrial, terrene, laud, 

Marital. SYN. Matrimonial, conjugal, 
connubial, nuptial, hymeneal. 

ANT. Single, celibate, unwedded, 

Maritime [See MARINE]. 
Mark. n. SYN. Trace, token, sign, 
symptom, impression, vestige, indica- 
tion, note. 

ANT. Erasure, obliteration, efface- 
ment, uniudicativeness,plainuess. 
Mark. v. SYN. Stamp, label, sign, in- 
dicate, decorate, brand, stigmatize, 
signalize, uote, observe, regard, heed, 
specify, specialize. 

ANT. Ignore, overlook, omit, mis- 
label, mismurk. misindicate, misob- 
serve, misspecify. 

Marked. SYN. Notable, remarkable, 
noticeable, conspicuous. 
ANT. See Remarkable. 
Marriage. SYN. Nuptials, matri- 
mony, espousals, wedding, wedlock. 

ANT. Celibacy, virginity. 
Marrow. SYN. Pith, gist, substance, 
essence , life, cream, kernel. 

ANT. Surplusage, redundancy, ex- 
crescence,superfluity, clothing,dress- 
ing, amplification, volume, mass, 

Marsh. SYN. Swamp, fen, quagmire, 
bog, slough, morass. 
ANT. Solid ground. 

Marshal [See ORDEB and AR- 

Martial. SYN. Military, brave, war- 

r MAS 

ANT. Unmartial, unmilitary, peace, 

Martyrdom. SYN. Confession. 
ANT. Kenegation, abjuration. 
Marvel. SYN. Wonder, prodigy, ad- 
miration, portent, miracle, astonish- 
ment, amazement, phenomenon. 

ANT. Incuriosity, unconcern, joke, 
trifle, farce, bagatelle, moonshine, 
cipher, drug, imposture, juggle. 
Marvellous [See WONDERFUL]. 
Masculine. SYN. Male, manly, man- 
ful, hardy, courageous, virile. 

ANT. Female, feminine, womanish, 
womanly, effeminate. 
Ma Mil. SYN. Mix, knead, compound, 

ANT. Discompound, sift, winnow, 

Mask. n. STN. Pretext, screen, pre- 
tence, ruse, cover, hypocrisy. 

ANT. Truth, nakedness, detection, 
exposure, unmasking, verity, open- 
ness, candor. 

Mask. v. SYN. Hide, screen, blink, 
cloke, disguise. 

ANT. Expose, unmask, detect. 
Mass. SYN. Lump, body, bulk, concre- 
tion, magnitude, majority, heap. 

ANT. Fragment, bit, portion, mor- 
sel, section, minority. 
Ma*sucre [See CARNAGE]. 
Massive. SYN. Solid, huge, colossal, 
weighty, mighty, vast. 

ANT. Slight, petty, stunted, frail, 
slender, airy. 

Master, n. SYN. Lord, ruler, gover. 
nor, owner, possessor, proprietor, 
teacher, professor, adept, chief. 

ANT. Servant, slave, subject, prop- 
erty, learner, pupil, tyro. 
Master. . SYN. Conquer, overcome, 
subdue, overpower. 

ANT. Yieid, fail, surrender, suc- 

Masterly. SYN. Finished, artistic, 
consummate, skillful, clear,dexterous, 

ANT. Clumsy, rude, bungling, un- 
skilled, botchy, maladroit. 
Mastery. SYN. Authority, leadership, 
headship, proficiency, success, su- 
periority, victory, advantage. 

ANT. Subservience, tutelage, sub- 
mission, guidance, obedience, inex- 
pertness, ignorance, failure, defeat, 

MAS 1 

!Ha*tlcate. STN. Manducate, chew. 

ANT. Bolt, gobble. 

Match, n. STN. Equal, mate, com- 
pauion. contest, competition, tally, 
equality, pair. 

ANT. Superior, inferior, mismatch, 
oddity, disparity, inequality. 
Match, v. Equal, compare,oppose, pit, 
adapt, sort, suit, mate. 

ANT. Fail, exceed, preponderate, 
surpass, mismatch, dissociate, sepa- 
rate, tuisflt, misadapt, missort. 
Malt-Ill* 1 **. SYN. Consummate, in- 
comparable, peerless, surpassing, in- 

ANT. Common, ordinary,every-day, 
Mate [bee MATCH]. 
material, n. STN. Substance, stuff. 

ANT. Work, production, design. 
Material, a. [See ESSENTIAL]. 
Matrimony [See WEDLOCK]. 
matron. STN. Mother, woman, dowa- 
ger, dame. 

ANT. Girl, lass, damsel, spinster, 
miss, virgin, maid, maiden. 
Matter. STN. Substance, stuff, sub- 
ject, Dody, importance, (or, prefixing 
the definite article) the visible, tangi- 
ble, substantial, corporal, physical, 

ANT. Immateriality, spirituality, 
mind, intellect, spirit, the invisible, 
unseen, spiritual, moral, mental, in- 

Mature [See RIPE]. 
Matutinal. SYN. Early, morning, 
waking, dawning. 

ANT. Vespertinal, late, slumbering, 
evening, waning. 

Maudlin. STN. Intoxicated, t emu- 
lent, sentimental, mawkish, mellow. 

Sot. Sensible, unromantic, unsenti- 
mental, dry, sober. 

Ma\vkih. STN. Sickly, sentimental, 
maudlin, insipid, loathsome, nauseous, 

AST. Savory, sensible, sound, fine, 
pungent, palatable. 

Maxim. STN. Adage, rule, axiom, 
apothegm, proverb, precept, saying. 

ANT. Absurdity, sophism, quibble, 
paradox, enigma. 

Maximum. STN Ultimatum, climax, 
zenith, apex, completion, utmost, con- 
summation, culmination, acme. 
AMT. Initiative, commencement , 


indication, incompletion, abortion, 
decrease, wane, minimum, morsei, 

Maybe. SYN. Perhaps, possibly, may- 
hap, perchance. 

Maze [See LABYBINTH]. 

Meagre. STN. Thin, lean, lank, 
scanty, barren, dry, tame. 

ANT. Stout, fat, brawny, abundant, 
fertile, copious. 

Mean. a. STN. Common, low, base, 
spiritless, dishonornble.contemptible, 
despicable, beggarly, sordid, vulgar, 
niggardly, vile. 

ANT. High, exalted, eminent, spir- 
ited, honorable, lordly, princely, 
munificent, liberal, generous. 

Mean. a. STN. Middle, intermediate, 

ANT. Extreme, excessive, exorbi- 

Mean. n. STN. Medium, moderation, 
balance, average. 

ANT. Extreme, excess, preponder- 
ance, disproportion, deficiency, short- 
coming, inadequacy. 

Mean. v. STN. Intend, purpose, de- 
sign, signify, denote, indicate, hint, 

ANT. Say, state, enunciate, do, exe- 
cute, perform. 

Meaning. STN. Signification, im- 
port, significance, purport, sense, 
aim fSee IMPORT]. 

Meanness. SYN. Penuriousness, 
littleness, selfishness, baseness, small- 
ness, .illiberality, ungenerousnees, 

ANT. Nobleness, unselfishness,liber- 

Means. STN. Resources, instrument, 
ANT. End, purpose, object. 

Measure, n. [See DIMENSION]. 

Measure, r. STN. Mete, estimate, 
gauge, value, appraise. 

ANT. Misfit, mifcouform, mismeas- 
ure, misdeal, misapportion. 

Measureless [Se<^ INFINITE]. 

Mechanic. STN. Artisan, craftsman, 
workman, artificer. 

Mechanical. STN. Habitual, auto- 
matic, unreflective, spontaneous, ef- 
fortless, unimpassioned. 

ANT. Labored, self-conscious, feel- 
ing, forced, spirited, appreciative, 
lifelike, lively, animated,iiupassiooed. 

MED 169 

Meddle [See INTKRPOSE]. 

Meddlesome. SYN. OtHcious, ob- 
trusive, intrusive, interfering. 

ANT. Unomcious, iuootrusive, un- 

Mutilate. SYN. Intercede, interpose 

Mediation. SYN. Interference, in- 
terposition, reconciliation, atone- 
ment, arbitration, adjustment. 

ANT. Neutrality, non-interference, 

Medicament [See REMEDY]. 

Medicate. SYN. Treat, compound, 
amalgamate, adulterate, sophisticate, 

ANT. Clarify, analyze, purify, def- 
ecate, sLuplify, disadulterate. 

Medicine. SYN. Remedy, physic, an- 
tidote, therapeutics, salve, cure, cor- 

ANT. Aggravation, poison, virus, 

Mediocrity. SYN. Mean, common- 
place, medium, average, sufficiency. 

ANT. Excellence,superiority, rarity, 
brilliance, distinction. 

Meditate. SYN. Think, cogitate, pur- 
pose, ruminate, contemplate, plan, re- 
volve, consider. 

ANT. Execute, enact, complete, con- 

Medium [See MEAN, n.]. 

Medley. SYN. Jumble, tumult, con- 
fusion, mixture, hodge-podge, litter, 
diversity, miscellany. 

ANT. Assortment, arrangement, dis- 
position, classification, iuterdistiuc- 
tion, grouping, collocation. 

Meed. SYN. Guerdon, premium, prize, 

ANT. Penalty, punishment, brand, 
stigma, amercement. 

Meek. SYN. Mild, gentle, submissive, 
modest, yielding, unassuming. 

ANT. Bold, arrogant, self-asserting, 
irritable, proud, high-spirited. 

Meet. SYN. Encounter, confront, en- 
gage, as.-v-inhK-, unite, coalesce, con- 

ANT. Miss, pass, escape, elude, de- 
cline, avoid, disperse, diverge, sepa- 
rate, vary, disagree. 

Melancholy, a. SYN. Gloomy, sad, 
dejected, disconsolate, dismal, moody, 
hypochondriacal, cast down. 

ANT. Lively, sprightly, gladsome, 


gleesome, blithesome,happy,cheerful, 
gamesome, mirthful, merry. 

Melancholy, n. [See MELANCHOLY, 

Meliorate [See AMELIORATE]. 

Mellifluous. SYN. Duicet, euphoni- 
ous, silvery, flowing, smooth. 

ANT. Harsh, hoarse, abrupt, rancor- 
ous, rough, discordant, broken. 

Mellow. SYN. Ripe, rich, full-flavored, 
jovial, mature, soft. 

ANT. Unripe,harsh, sour, acid,acrid, 
crabbed, sober, dry. 

Melodious [See MUSICAL], 

Melody. SYN. Music, song, tune, air, 
ANT. Discord, dissonance. 

Melt. SYN. Dissolve, liquify, colli- 
quate, run, flow, fuse. 

ANT. Consolidate, crystallize, indu- 

Member. SYN. Limb, part, portion, 
constituent, component. 

ANT. Body, whole, entirety, consti- 
tution, organization, community, as- 

Memoir. SYN. Biographical sketch, 
personal narrative, familiar biogra- 
phy, narrative, chronicle, record, reg- 
ister, journal, life. 

Memorable. SYN. Great, striking, 
remarkable, conspicuous, prominent, 
noticeable, illustrious, extraordinary, 
famous, distinguished. 

ANT. Petty, trifling, ordinary, in- 
significant, unnoticeable, trivial, me- 
diocre, slight. 

Memorial. SYN. Monument, record, 
memento, celebration, remembrance, 
relic, inscription. 

ANT. Obliviation, silentiation, ob- 
literation, effacement, erasure. 

Memory. SYN. Remembrance, remi- 
niscence, perpetuation, recollection, 
retention, retrospect, fame. 
ANT. Forget fulness, oblivion. 

Menace, n. SYN. Threat, denuncia- 
tion, threatening. 
ANT. Good-will, blessing. 

Mend. SYN. Repair, restore, correct, 
promote, improve, rectify, reform, 
amend, ameliorate, better. 

ANT. Damage, impair, pervert, re- 
tard, deteriorate, falsify, spoil, cor- 

Mendacity. SYN. Falsehood, lying. 




nntruthfulness, deception, prevarica- 
tion, duplicity. 

ANT. Veracity, truthfulness, frank- 
ness, candor, Ingenuousness. 

flleiidlcity. SYN. Mendicancy, beg- 

ANT. Industry, labor. 

Menial. M YS . Domestic, attendant, de- 
pendent, servile, drudge. 

ANT. Paramount, sovereign, su- 
preme, lordly, independent, uncon- 
trolled, autocratic. 

mensuration. SYN. Geometry, sur- 
veying, geodesy [See MEASUBEJ. 

IQental. SYN. Intellectual, subjective, 
metaphysical, psychical, psycholog- 

ANT. Corporal, objective, physical, 

Mention, n. SYN. Declaration, no- 
tice, announcement, observation, re- 
mark, hint, communication. 

ANT. Silence, suppression, forget- 
fulness, omission. 

Mephitic. SYN. Malarious, mias- 
ANT. Balmy, genial, salubrious. 

Mercantile. SYN. Commercial, In- 
terchangeable, wholesale, retail, mar- 

ANT. Stagnant, unmarketable, un- 

Mercenary. SYN. Sordid, venal, self- 
ish, avaricious, griping. 

ANT. Liberal, generous, disinter- 
ested, profuse, prodigal. 

Merchandise. SYN. Goods, com- 
modities, wares, stock. 

Merchant. SYN. Trader, dealer, im- 
porter, tradesman, trafflcer. 

ANT. Shopman, salesman, hawker, 
huckster, pedler, chandler, coster- 

Merciful. SYN. Compassionate, kind- 
hearted, clement, gracious, kind. 

ANT. Pitiless, unrelenting, remorse- 
less, inexorable [See KIND.H 

Mercy. SYN. Compassion, clemency, 
forgiveness, forbearance, grace, ben- 
efit, gift, pity, leniency, tenderness. 

ANT. Exaction, harshness, cruelty, 
vengeance, unpityingness, unforgive- 

Mere. SYN. Pure, unmixed, absolute, 
uninfluenced, unadulterated, unaf- 
fected, simple. 

ANT. Mixed, compound, impure, 

Meretricious. SYN. Tricksy, un- 
chaste, gaudy, impure, tawdry, flashy. 
ANT. Solid, good, chaste, simple, 

Merge [See SINK]. 
Meridian. SYN. Zenith, summit, cul- 
mination,height,apex, acme, pinnacle. 
ANT. Nadir, depth, depression, pro- 
fundity, base. 

Merit. SYN. Goodness, worth, worthi- 
ness, desert, excellence. 

ANT. Badness, demerit, unworthi- 
ness, worthlessness, weakness, imper- 
fection, error, defect, fault, failing. 
Merry [See MELANCHOLY]. 
Mesh. SYN. Intricacy, entanglement, 
involution, snare. 

ANT. Extrication, escape, deliver- 

Message. SYN. Communication, in- 
timation, missive, notice. 

ANT. Non-communication, inter- 

Messenger. SYN. Courier, carrier, 
emissary, harbinger, herald, fore- 
Metaphor. SYN. Similitude, image. 

ANT. Letter, literalness. 
Metaphorical. SYN. Figurative, 
symbolical, allegorical, typical. 

ANT. Literal. 

Metaphysical. SYN. Mental, intel- 
lectual, abstract, Ideal, conceptional, 
subjective, relational, notional, ab- 
struse, psychical. 

ANT. Physical, physiological, pal- 
pable, external, substantial, practical, 
corporal, material, objective. 
Mete. SYN. Measure, apportion, dis- 

ANT. Misdeal, misapportion. 
Meteoric. SYN. Momentary, flash- 
ing, displosive, phosphorescent, pyro- 
technic, coruscant, volcanic. 

ANT. Permanent, beaming, burning, 
steady, persistent, enduring. 
Method. SYN. Order, system, rule, 
way, manner, mode, course, process, 
regularity, arrangement. 

ANT. Disorder, conjecture, quack- 
ery, empiricism, experimentation, as- 
sumption, guess-work. 
Methodical. SYN. Methodic, orderly. 
systematical, systematic, regular. 




AWT. Disorderly, unmethodical, un- 
y*tematical,irregular [ See METHOD], 

methodize. SYN. Shape, arrange, 
order, marshal, enucleate, eliminate, 

ANT. Confuse,jumble, disorder, dis- 

Mettle. SYN. Ardor, spirit, life, fire, 

ANT. Hebetude, insensibility, cal- 
lousness, placidity, stoicism, coward- 
ice, submissiveness, slavishness. 

mettlesome. SYN. Spirited, fiery, 
ardent, lively, gay, brisk [See AR- 

Mew. SYN. Imprison, shut up, coop, 
incase [See CONFINE]. 

Miasmatic. SYN. Eflluvions, mala- 
rious, foetid, polluted, noxious, me- 

ANT. Balmy, pure, untainted, salu- 

Middle [See MEAN]. 

Middling. SYN. Ordinary, average, 
pretty well, not bad, well enough [See 

Midst. SYN. Middle, centre, thick, 
throng, heart. 

ANT. Outskirt, confine, edge, limit, 
extreme, purlieu, margin. 

Mien. SYN. Look, aspect, air, manner, 
appearance, carriage, beariug.deport- 

ANT. Character, disposition, tem- 
perame::i, constitution, nature, being, 

Mi:r lit. SYN. Strength, force, power, 

ANT. Weakness, infirmity, feeble- 

Mijjlity [See MIGHT]. 

Migratory. SYN. Nomadic, wander- 
ing, roving, vagrant. 
ANT. Settled, fixed, permanent. 

Mild. SYN. Moderate, lenient, calm, 
gentle, genial, tempered, soft, meek, 
tender, placid. 

ANT. Violent, wild, fierce, savage, 
strong, severe, merciless, harsh, bit- 

Military. SYN. Soldierly, soldier- 
like [See MARTIAL]. 

Militate, v. int. [See MILITARY]. 

SYN. Contend,conflict,jar,clash,dis- 

ANT. Harmonize, agree, suit, coin- 

Milky. SYN. White, emulcont, chalky. 
ANT. Inky, irritant, luteous. 

Mimic. SYN. Copy, ape, imitate, rid- 
icule, mock, follow. 
ANT. Praise, lead [See IMITATE]. 

Minatory. SYN. Menacing, threaten- 
ANT. Warning. 

Mince. SYN. Attenuate, comminute, 
palliate, extenuate. 

ANT. Exaggerate, amplify, mag- 

Mincing. SYN. Slow, affected, pedan- 
tic, syllabical, euphuistic. 

ANT. Rapid, voluble, unaffected, nat- 
ural, bluff. 

Mind. SYN. Soul, spirit, intellect, un- 
derstanding, opinion, sentiment, judg- 
ment, belief, choice, inclination, de- 
sire, will, liking, purpose, spirit, im- 
petus, memory, remembrance, recol- 

ANT. Body, limbs, organization, ac- 
tion, proceeding, conduct, object, in- 
difference, coolness, aversion, forget- 
f illness, obviousness. 

Mindful. SYN. Regardful, attentive, 
thoughtful, careful, recollective. 

ANT. Regardless, inattentive, mind- 
less, oblivious. 

Mingle. SYN. Mix, compound, blend, 
confound, confuse, intermingle, asso- 
ciate, amalgamate. 

ANT. Separate, segregate, sift, sort, 
analyze, discompouud, eliminate, class- 
ify, unravel, avoid. 

Minimum [See MAXIMUM]. 

Million. SYN. Favorite, darling, pet 
ANT. Antipathy, horror, aversion, 

Minister, n. SYN. Servant, officer, 
delegate, official, ambassador, subordi- 
nate, ecclesiastic, clergyman, priest, 
parson, divine, preacher, pastor,shep- 
herd, reverend, curate, vicar. 

ANT. Monarch, government,master, 
superior, principal, head,laymau,told, 
flock, congregation. 

Minister, v. SYN. Attend, subserve, 
wait, supply. 
ANT. Lead, rule, command, exact. 

Ministry. SYN. Cabinet, council, ad- 
ministration, office of a minister or 
clergyman, ecclesiastical function 

Minor. SYN. Less, inferior, junior, 
younger, unimportant. 


ANT. Major, greater, superior, el- 
der, senior, main, important. 
Minstrel. SYN. Singer, musician, 


Minute. SYN. Diminutive, micro- 
scopic, tiny, exact, searching, specific, 

ANT. Monstrous, enormous, huge, 
inexact, superficial, general, broad, 
com prehensive. 

Miraculous. SYN. Supernatural, by- 

ANT. Ordinary, natural. 
MIsacceptation. SYN. Misunder- 
standing, misinterpretation, misuse. 

ANT. Acceptation, meaning. 
Misadventure. SYN. Failure, mis- 
hap, misfortune. 

ANT. Success, achievement. 
Misanthropy. SYN. Egotism, in- 
civism, man-hating, cynicism, woman- 

ANT. Philanthropy, humanity, hu- 
maniarianism, universal benevolence. 
Misapply [See APPLY]. 
Misapprehend [See APPREHEND], 
Misappropriate. SYN. Misassign, 
purloin, misdistribute, abuse, misuse. 
ANT. Assign.distribute.employ, use. 
Misarrange [See ARRANGE]. 
Misbecome [See BECOME]. 
Misbehavior | see BEHAVIOR]. 
Misbelief [See BELIEF]. 
Miscalculate [See CALCULATE]. 
Miscall. SYN. Misname, misindicate. 
ANT. Name, call, indicate, denote, 
specify, denominate. 
Miscellany. SYN. Mixture, Inter- 
mixture, jumble, medley, variety, di- 

ANT. System, collection, classifica- 
tion, assortment, group, selection. 
Mischance. SYN. Misfortune, mis- 
adventure, mishap [See CHANCE and 

Mischief. SYN. Damage, hurt, detri- 
ment, disservice, annoyance, injury, 
ill-turn, damage, barm. 

ANT. Compensation, good-turn, 
benefit, favor, gratification. 
Mischievous. SYN. Detrimental, 
injurious, spiteful, wanton. 

ANT. Beneficial, advantageous, re- 
parstory, conservative, careful, pro- 

Miscible. SYN. Compoundable, amal- 

172 MIS 

ANT. TJncompoundable, immisci- 


Miscompute [See COMPUTE]. 
Misconceive [See CONCEIVE]. 
Misconduct [See CONDUCT j. 
Miscoiijecture. SYN. Miscalcula- 
tion, missuppositioi.. 

ANT. Hit, discovery, ascertain. 
Misconstrue [See CONSTRUE]. 
Miscount [See COUNT]. 
Miscreant. SYN. See Rogue. 
Misdeed [See DEED and CRIME]. 
Misdemeanor. SYN. Transgression, 
trespass, fault, misdeed [See CRIME 
and FAULT]. 

Misdirect [See STRAIGHT]. 
Misdoing [See MISDEED]. 
Misemploy [See EMPLOY]. 
Miser. SYN. Niggard, churl, skinflint, 
curmudgeon, screw, scrimp, hunks. 
ANT. Prodigal, spendthrift, rake. 
Miserable. SYN. Abject, forlorn, pit. 
iable, wretched, worthless,despicable. 

ANT. Respectable, worthy, happy, 
contented, comfortable. 
Miserly [See LIBERAL]. 
Misery. SYN. Wretchedness, heart- 
ache,woe, broken heart, bleeding heart, 
great unhappiiiess [See CALAMITY and 
Misestimate [See ESTIMATE and 


Misfortune [See DISASTER and MIS- 

Misgiving [See DOUBT and DIS- 

Misgovern [See GOVERN]. 
Misguide [See GUIDE]. 
Mi*hap. n. [See HAZARD and MISAD- 

Misinform [See INFORM]. 
Misinstruct [See INSTRUCT]. 
Misintelligeuce [See INTELLI- 

Misinterpret [See INTERPRET]. 
Misjoill [See JOIN and MATCH]. 
Mislay [See LAY and LOSE]. 
Mislead [See LEAD]. 
Mislike [See LIKE]. 
Mismanage [See MANAGE]. 
Mismatch [See MATCH]. 
Misname [Sea NAME]. 
Misnomer | See NAME]. 
Mispersuade [See PERSUADE]. 
Misplace [See PLACE]. 
Mispronounce [See PRONOUNCE! 

MIS 1T3 

Mispro portioned. SYN. Ungainly, 
minfuriut'tl. ill-shaped. 

ANT. Well-proportioned, elegant, 
harmonious, shapely. 

Misquote [See QUOTE]. 

Misreckon [See RECKON]. 

Misreport f See REPORT]. 

Misrepresent [See REPRESENT], 

Mtwrule [See RULE]. 

Miss [See LOSE and MEET]. 

Misshapen [See SHAPELESS]. 

Missile. SYN. Projectile. 

ANT. Artillery, band-arms, eide- 

.Tlission. SYN. Commission, trust, of- 
nce. delegation, ministry, embassy, 
legation, deputation, errand, message. 
ANT. Assumption, usurpation, self- 

Mi.ivr. SYN. Communication, des- 
patch, message [See MISSION]. 
ANT. See Message. 

.T|j*l>fiil [See SPEND]. 

Misstate [See STATE]. 

Misstatetheiit. SYN. Misrepresen- 
tation, wrong statement, falsification. 
ANT. Correct statement, true state- 

vIlMt. SYN. Fog, obscurity, bewilder- 
ment, perplexity, haze. 
ANT. Brightness, clearness, lucidity. 

Vliwtake [See ERROR]. 

Misteach [See TEACH]. 

Mistranslate. SYN. Misconstrue, 
misrender [See CONSTRUE]. 

Mistrust, v. [See TRUST[. 

Misunderstanding [See UNDER- 


Misuse, v. [See USE]. 

Misuse, n. SYN. Abuse, perversion, 
prostitution [See ABUSE], 

Mitigate [See AGGRAVATE]. 

Mix [See MINCJLE], 

Moan [See BEWAIL]. 

Mob. SYN. Disorderly crowd, tumult- 
uous rabble, rude multitude [See 

Mobile. SYN. Movable, sensitive, 
fickle, inconstant, variable, ductile. 

ANT. Immovable, inexorable, un- 
feeling, unvarying. 

Mock. SYN. Jeer, ridicule, flout, 
mimic, insult, ape, deride, deceive, 

ANT. Salute, welcome, respect, ad- 
mire, compliment. 

Mode [See METHOD]. 


Model. SYN. Standard, pattern, ex- 
ample, type, mould, design, copy. 

ANT. Imitation, copy, production, 
execution, work. 

Moderate. SYN. Control, soften, al- 
lay, regulate, repress, govern, tem- 

ANT. Disturb, disorganize, excite, 

Moderate, a. SYN. Limited, tem- 
perate, calm, dispassionate, sober, ab- 
stinent, sparing, steady, ordinary. 

ANT. Extravagant, intemperate, 
rigorous, excessive, violent, extraor- 

Moderation. SYN. Temperance, 
sobriety, frugality, calmness, sedate- 
ness, mildness, coolness, delibe- 

ANT. Immoderation, intemperance, 
hastiness, rashness, precipitation. 

Moderator. SYN. Chairmnn, regu- 
lator, conductor, manager, presi- 
ANT. Disturber, agitator. 

Modern. SYN. Present, existent, 
new, new-fangled, new-fashioned, re- 
cent, late, novel, later. 

ANT. Past, bygone, former, olden, 
ancient, old-fashioned, antiquated, 

Modest [See CHASTE and MEEK]. 

Modesty. SYN. Sobriety, diffidence, 
bashfulness, humility, pure-minded- 

ANT. Vanity, conceit, self-suffi- 
ciency, self -admiration, foppery, cox- 
combry, wantonness, shamelessness, 

Modification. SYN. Alteration, 
revision, variation, qualification, spe- 

ANT. Retention, stereotype, stabil- 

Modish. SYN. Fashionable, stylish, 

ANT. Unfashionable, quaint, un- 
stylish, gawky, dowdy. 

Modulation. SYN. Harmonization, 

ANT. Intonation, recital, mono- 

Moil. SYN. Daub, stain, dirt, muck, 

ANT. Cleanse, clean, absterge, pu- 




ItEolst. SYN. Damp, humid, dank, wet. 

ANT. Arid, dry. 

moisture. SYN. Dampness, humid- 

ANT. Drynes. 
molecule. SYN. Atom, monad. 

ANT. Body, bulk, organism, com- 
pound, structure. 

Molest. SYN. Trouble, disturb, tease, 
annoy, irritate, vex, plague, worry, 

ANT. Soothe, caress, pacify, as- 
suage, pet, mollify. 
Mollify [See MOLEST]. 
Moment. SYN. Instant, second, im- 
portance, twinkling, trice, weight, 
force, gravity, consequence, avail. 

ANT. Age, period, century, genera- 
tion, triviality, insignificance, worth- 
lessness, unimportance, inefficacy. 
Momentary. SYN. Instantaneous, 

fleeting, transitory [See INSTANT.). 
Momentous. SYN. Significant, im- 
portant, material, weighty [See IM- 

Monad [See MOLECULE]. 
Monarch. SYN. King, sovereign, 
despot, tyrant, czar. 

ANT. Peer, subject. 

Monarchical. SYN. Kingly, royal, 

ANT. Republican, democratic, oli- 
garchical, autocratic. 
Monastic. SYN. Conventual, ceno- 
bitical, regular, monkish. 

ANT. Unconventual, social, secular. 
Monition [See ADMONISH]. 
Monitor. SYN. Adviser, instructor, 
mentor, warner. 

ANT. Misadviser, misinetructor, 
deceiver, misdirector, back-friend, 

Monitory. SYN. Advisory, horta- 

ANT. Deceptive, seductive. 
Monkish [See MONASTIC]. 
Monopoly. SYN. Privilege, engross- 
ment, appropriation, exclusiveness, 
preoccupancy, impropriation. 

ANT. Participation, partnership, 
community, competition, free-trade. 
Monotheism. SYN. Deism. 

ANT. Polytheism. 

Monotonous. SYN. Uniform, unva- 
ried, dull, humdrum, undiversified, 

ANT. Varying, changing. 

Monotony. SYN. Sameness, unva- 
ryingness, tedium. 
ANT. Variation, relief, diversion. 

Monster. SYN. Prodigy, portent, mar- 
vel, 'deformity, abnormity, fright, co- 
lossus, monstrosity, leviathan, fiend, 

ANT. Beauty, Venus, Adonis, Nar- 
cissus, gem, pet, jewel, angel, augury, 

Monstrous. SYN. Prodigious, por- 
tentous, marvellous, deformed, abnor- 
mal, hideous, preposterous, intoler- 

ANT. Ordinary, familiar, unnotice- 
able, fair, comely, shapely, regular, 
natural, reasonable, just. 

Monument [See MEMORIAL]. 

Mood. SYN. State, temper, humor, 
feeling, vein, disposition. 

ANT. Mind, character, disposition, 

Moody. SYN. Sullen, humorsome, 
gloomy, morose. 

ANT. Blithe, genial, sociable, mer- 

Moot. SYN. Agitate, discuss, venti- 
late, argue. 

ANT. Suppress, stifle, burke, hush, 

Moral. SYN. Mental, ideal, intellect- 
ual, spiritual, ethical, probable, infer- 
ential, presumptive, analogous, virtu- 
ous, well-conducted. 

ANT. Physical, material, practical, 
demonstrative, mathematical, im- 
moral, vicious. 

Morals. SYN. Manners, conduct, be- 
havior, morality, habits [See MAS- 

Morass [See MARSH]. 

Morbid. SYN. Diseased, unsound, un- 
healthy, sickly. 
ANT. Wholesome, healthy, sound. 

Mordent. SYN. Biting, keen, pun. 
ANT. Mellow, mild, soothing. 

Moreover. SYN. Besides, also, lika 
wise, furthermore [See LIKEWISE]. 

Morose. SYN. Sullen, austere, moody, 
crabbed, surly, crusty. 
ANT. Genial, indulgent, kindly. 

Morsel [See BIT]. 

Mortal. SYN. Human, ephemeral, sub- 
lunary, short-lived, deadly, fatal, per- 
ishable, destructive. 


175 MUL 

ANT. Divine, Immortal, celestial, 
life-giving, veuial, saluliferous, super- 

"Mortality fSee DEATH]. 

Mortify. SYN. Deaden, subdue, mas- 
ter, vex, disappoint, annoy, rot, fes- 
ter, humble, abash, chagriu, dis- 
place, putrefy. 

ANT. Feed, pamper, indulge,plea?e, 
gratify, delight, satisfy, heal, re- 

Mostly. SYN. Mainly, chiefly, in 
great measure, for the most part, 
for the greatest part [ See MAINLY]. 

Motherly. SYN. Maternal, affection- 
ate, tender, kind [See KIND], 

Motion [See MOVEMENT]. 

Motionless [See STILL]. 

Motive. SYN. Inducement, purpose, 
design, prompting, stimulus, reason, 
impulse, incitement. 

ANT. Execution,action, effort, deed, 
attempt, project, preventive, deter- 
rent, dissuasive. 

Motley. SYN. Parti-colored, varie- 
gated, mixed, medley, heterogeneous, 

ANT. Uniform, homogeneous, alike, 

iflottled [See MOTLEY and MACU- 

Mold. SYN. Fashion, shape, manipu- 
late, for.n, cast, configure. 

ANT. Distort, strain, pervert, mis 

Moldy. SYN. Green, rusty, fusty, 
musty, over-ripe. 

AST. Fresh, wholesome, pure, 
sweet, recei.t. 

Mount [See ASCEND]. 

]T ff otirn [See GBIEVE and BEWAIL]. 

Mournful. SYN. Sad, melancholy, 
tearful, doleful, depressing, wailing, 

ANT. Joyous, mirthful, exhilara- 

Movable [See STATIONARY]. 

Move. SYN. Change, go, progress, 
stir, affect, agitate, actuate, impel, 
propose, advance, propel, instigate, 

ANT. Stand, stop, lie, rest, stay, al- 
lay, deter, prevent, arrest, withdraw. 

Movement. SYN. Motion, move, 
change of place. 

ANT. Stop, rest, pause, stillness, 

Much. SYN. Abundant, plenteous, 
greatly, abundantly, fur, considerable, 

ANT. Little, scant, slightly, shortly, 
short, near. 

Mucilaginous. SYN. Gelatinous, al- 
buminous, creamy, glairy, viscous, 

ANT. Limpid, crystalline, bubbling, 
frothing, foaming,effervesceut,spark- 
liag, spirituous. 

Muddle. SYN. Fail, waste, fritter 
away, confuse, derange, misarrange. 
ANT. Clarify, manage, economize, 
classify, arrange. 

Muddy. SYN. Luteous, ewampy, tur- 
bid, clayey. 

ANT. Dry, arid, rocky, arenaceous, 
sandy, limpid, pellucid, crystalline. 

Muflle. SYN. Shroud, enfold, disguise, 
conceal, envelop. 

ANT. Unmuole, unfold, exhibit, re- 

Muggy. SYN. Foggy, misty, dank, 
damp, murky, dim, vaporous, cloudy. 
ANT. Clear, bright, vaporless. 

Mulct, n. SYN. Amercement, damages, 
forfeiture, penalty. 

ANT. Guerdon, douceur, bonus, re- 
ward, premium. 

Mulish. SYN. Stubborn, obstinate, 
headstrong, cross-grained, intractable 

Multifarious. SYN. Various, varied, 
multigenerous, multitudinous, multi- 
fold, manifold, multiform. 

ANT. Single, uniform, unvaried.un- 
varying, few. 

Multifold [See MULTIFARIOUS]. 

Multiform [ S je MULTIFARIOUS]. 

Multiplication. SYN. Multiplicity, 
ousness, multitude, repetition, reiter 
ation, reproduction, augmentation, 
swarming, teeming. 

ANT. Singularity, unity, scantiness,, 
rarity, diminution, extinction. 

Multisonous. SYN. Many-voiced, 

ANT. Unisonous, droning, monoto- 

Multitude. SYN. Crowd, swarm, ac- 
cumulation, throng, concourse, num- 
ber, host, mob. rabble. 

ANT. Paucity, scantiness, sprink- 




Multitudinous [See MULTIFARI- 

Mummery. SYN. Antics,masquerade, 
vagary, buffoonery. 

ANT. Pageant, procession, exhibi- 

Mundane. SYN. Worldly, secular, 
temporal, earthly. 

ANT. Unworldly, spiritual, heaven- 
ly, ethereal, supramundaue. 
munificent. SYN. Liberal, princely, 
bounteous, generous. 

ANT. Niggardly, beggarly. 
Murky [See MUGGY_|. 
M urtmir. SYN. Undertone, whisper, 
mutter, grumble, complaint, repin- 

ANT. Clamor, vociferation,bawling, 
outcry, defiance, execration, saluta- 
tion, acclamation. 
Murmur, v. [See GROWL]. 
Muscular. SYN. Powerful, brawny, 
robust, sinewy, strong, stalwart, ath- 
letic, lusty, sturdy. 

ANT. Debile, flabby, feeble, lanky. 
Muse. SYN. Reflect, ponder, cogitate, 
dream, think, meditate. 
ANT. Stir, act, move. 
Musical. SYN. Melodious, harmoni- 
ous, dulcet, concordant, rythmical, 
tuneful, mellifluous. 

ANT. Unmelodious, inharmonious, 
harsh, discordant. 

Muster, v. SYN. Marshal, collect, as- 
semble, rally, enroll, gather. 

ANT. Dismiss, disperse, relegate, 
remit, disband. 

Musty. SYN. Fusty, rank, mouldy, 
frowzy, stale, sour, fetid, mildewed. 

ANT. Fragrant, fresh, balmy, aro- 
matic, odorous. 

Mutable. SYN. Changeable, change- 
ful, mobile, transient, ephemeral, in- 
constant, unsteadfast, fickle, fitful, 
undecided, restless. 

ANT. Unchanging, permanent, im- 
mutable, persistent, changeless. 
Mutation [See VARIATION]. 
Mute. SYN. Silent, speechless, dumb, 
taciturn, voiceless, still, death-liKe. 

ANT. Chattering, talkative, garru- 
lous, loquacious, vocal, tuneful, loud. 
Mutilate [See MAIM]. 
Mutinous. SYN. Turbulent, seditious, 
insurgent, riotous, tumultuous, un- 
ruly, refractory, insurrectionary. 
ANT. Obedient, loyal, submissive. 

Mutter. SYN. Murmur, mumble. 

ANT. Enunciate,exclaim,pronounce, 

Mutual. SYN. Reciprocal, common, 
interchangeable, alternate. 

ANT. One-sided,unreciprocated,un- 

Muzzle. SYN. Silence, burke, re- 
strain, gag, stop. 

ANT. Belease, liberate, open, un- 
muzzle, free. 

Mysterious. SYN. Dim, obscure, un- 
revealed,unexplained, unaccountable, 
reserved, veiled, hidden, secret, in- 
comprehensible, mystic, inexplicable. 
ANT. Clear, plain, obvious, ex- 
plained, understood, easy, explain- 
able, simple, frank, communicative. 
Mystery. SYN. Enigma, puzzle, ob- 
scurity, secrecy, veil, shroud, ar- 

ANT. Publication, solution, com- 
mon-place, truism, matter-of-fact. 
Mystic. SYN. Mysterious, cabalistic, 

ANT. Plain, matter-of-fact, every- 
day, familiar, commonplace, obvious, 

Mystify. SYN. Confuse, bamboozle, 
hoodwink, puzzle, confound, mislead, 

ANT. Illumine, enlighten, inform, 

Myth. SYN. Fable, legend, parable, 
supposition, fiction, allegory, fabu- 
lous story, fabrication. 

ANT. Fact, history, narrative, 
Mythological. J$V:N. Fabulous, 


NAB. (coll.) SYN. Catch, clutch, 
grasp, seize, lay hold on, lay hands on 
[See CATCH J . 

Nabob. SYN. Millionaire, Croesus.mau 
of wealth, man of fortune, very rich 
man, man of great distinction. 

ANT. Man not wealthy, man not 

Nacreous [See IRIDESCENT]. 

Naked. SYN. Nude, bare, unclothed, 
denuded, undraped. defenceless, des- 
titute, unqualified, uucolored, unvar- 
nished, mere, simple. 

ANT. Dressed, robed, draped, 
muffled, protected, qualified, veiled, 
shrouded, colored, varnished. 




Name. n. SYN. Designation, cognomen- 
ation, appellation, title, fame, repu- 
tation, authority, appointment, stead, 

ANT. Namelessness,anonymousness, 
misnomer, pseudonym, obscurity, iu- 
gloriousness, disrepute,individuality, 

Name, v, SYN. Speciry,designate, call, 

ANT. Misname, miscall, misdesig- 
nate, misiudicate, hint, suggest, shad- 
ow, adumbrate. 

Narrate. SYN. Hecite, tell, report, 
detail, relate, rehearse, recount. 

ANT. Suppress, conceal, blink, mis- 
report, misrepresent, misrelate, mis- 

Narrow. SYN. Straight, straighten- 
ed, slender, thin, spare, contracted, 
limited, cramped, pinched, scant, 
close, scrutinizing, near, bigoted, nig- 
gardly, tight. 

ANT. Wide, broad, ample, thick, 
expanded, easy, liberal. 

Nascent. SYN. Youthful, rising, 
green, incipient, embryo, rudimeu- 
tal, budding. 

ANT. Mature, aged, confirmed, de- 
veloped, grown. 

Nasty. SYN. Fool, offensive, odious, 
disagreeable, indelicate, impure, 
gross, unclean, obscene. 

ANT. Nice, pleasant, sweet, savory, 
agreeable, pure. 

Nation. SYN. Race, people, realm, 
community, commonwealth, state 

Native. SYN. Indigenous, home, 
exported, artless, natural, proper, 
suitable, congenital, inbred, ver- 

ANT. Foreign, Imported, exotic, 
alien, artificial, acquired, assumed, 

Natural. SYN. Intrin=i", ewentlal, 
regular, normal, cosmical, true, prob- 
able, consistent, spontaneous, unless, 

ANT. Acititiou, adventitious, ab- 
normal, monstrous, unnatural, ficti- 
tious, improbable, unsupposable, 
forced, artful, affected. 

Nature. SYN. Essence, creation, con- 
stitution, structure, disposition, truth, 
regularity, kind, sort, character, spe- 
cies, affection, naturalness. 

ANT. Thing, object, subject, man, 
being, creuiure, monstrosity, unnat- 
urulut'ss, art, fiction, romance, in- 

Naught. SYN. Nothing. 

ANT. Aught, anything, everything. 

Naughty. SYN. Worthless, vile, cor- 
rupt, bad, froward, refractory, wick- 
ed, perverse. 

ANT. Worthy, good, precious, pure, 
docile, tractable, well-behaved. 

Nausea. SYN. Loathing, disgust, 

abomination, qualm, sea-sickness. 

ANT. Taste, relish, enjoyment. 

Nauseous. SYN. Loathsome, sicken- 
ing, disgusting [See ABOMINABLE]. 

Nautical. [See MARINE]. 

Near. SYN. Nigh, close, adjacent, 
neighboring. (Sometimes used in 
the sense of parsimonious. ) 
ANT. Far, distant, remote. 

Nearly. SYN. Almost, closely, ap- 

ANT. Quite, entirely, distantly, re- 

Neat [See TIDY]. 

Necessary. SYN. Certain, inevita- 
ble, indispensable, requisite, essen- 
tial, compulsory, neediul, expedient. 
ANT. Contingent, casual, optional, 
discretional, unnecessary, unessen- 
tial, free. 

Necessitate [See COMPEL]. 

Necessity. SYN. Indispensableness, 
inevitableness, need, indigence, re- 
quirement, want, fate, destiny. 

ANT. Dispensableness, uncertainty, 
superfluity, uselessness, competence, 
affluence, casualty, contingency, free- 
dom, choice. 

Need [See NECESSITY]. 

Needful [bee NECESSARY]. 

Needless. SYN. Unnecessary, use- 
less, superfluous, gratuitous. 

ANT. Needful, useful, helpful, 

Nefarious [See ATROCIOUS]. 

Negation [See ASSERT]. 

Negative. SYN. Denying, privative, 
disclaiming, indirect. 

ANT. Assertive, attributive, posi- 
tive, direct. 

Neglect, v. SYN. Slight, overlook, 
omit, disregard, dleesteem, despU^. 
ANT. Consider, respect, notice, ob- 



serve, regard, esteem, tend, attend, 

foster, study. 
Neglect, n. SYN. Negligence, dis- 

regard, omission, failure, default, 

slight, carelessness, remissness. 
ANT. Attention, consideration, 

respect, notice, regard, esteem. 
Negotiate. SYN. Transact, effect, 

pass, perform. 
ANT. Mismanage, misconduct, 

quash, stop. 

Neighborly [See SOCIABLE]. 
Nerve. SYN. Strength, firmness, 

ANT. Nerveless, forceless, feeble, 

weak, enfeebled, impotent, palsied, 


Nervous [SeeViooRous and TIMID]. 
Nettle. SYN. Sting, fret, provoke 

Neutral.SYN. Uninterfering, impar- 

tial, indifferent, negative, unavowed. 
ANT. Partial, interested, inter- 

fering, active, positive, declared, 

Neutrality. SYN. Non-interfer- 

ence, indifference. 

ANT. Interference, activity. 
Neutralize. SYN. Counteract, com- 

pensate, counterbalance, counter- 

poise, countervail. 
ANT. Aggravate, enhance, In- 

New. SYN. Novel, recent, fresh, 

ANT. Old, ancient, antique, anti- 

quated, obsolete. 
News. SYN. Intelligence, Informa- 

tion. tidings [See INTELLIGENCE]. 
New-fangled. SYN. Upstart, new- 

light, innovating, strange, odd, 

fantastic, novel. 
ANT. Venerable, time-honored, es- 

tablished, ancient, old.old-fashioned. 
Nibble. SYN. Carp, cavil, peck, ob- 

ject, demur. 

ANT. Accept, eulogize, command, 

endorse, allow. 
Nice. SYN. Fastidious, scrupulous, 

accurate, neat, discerning, dainty, 

pleasant, agreeable, exact, fine, 

finished, particular. 
ANT. Coarse, unscrupulous, inac- 

curate, rude, rough, undiscrimina- 

ting, nasty, nauseous, disagreeable. 
Sleety. SYN. Fastidiousness, scru- 

pulousness, accuracy. 

ANT. Coarseness, inaccuracy, 

rudeness, roughness. 
Niggard [See MISER]. 
Niggardly [See LIBERAL]. 
Nimble. SYN. Agile, quick, lively, 

sprightly [See SLOW]. 
Nobility. SYN. Distinction, dignity, 

rank, peerage, lordship, loftiness, 

generosity, rank, aristocracy. 
ANT. Obscurity, meanness, com- 

monalty, serfdom, paltriness, con- 

tempttbleness, plebeianism. 
Noble. SYN. Grand, aristocratic.gen- 

erous, illustrious, exalted, worthy, 

magnanimous, dignified, excellent, 

lofty-minded, honorable, fine. 
ANT. Mean, plebeian, ignoble, 


Nobody [See CIPHER]. 
Nocturnal. SYN. Nightly, dark, 

gloomy, tenebrose. 

ANT. Diurnal, light,brilliant,solar. 
Nodosity. SYN. Protuberance, pro- 

tuberousness, knottiness, tuberos- 

ity, lumpiness. 
ANT. Planenes=, evenness, 

smoothness polish, levigation. 
Noise. SYN. Sound, clamor, rattle, 

din, uproar, tumult. 
ANT. Note, voice, music, melody, 

silence, still n ess, voicelessness, hush. 
NToiseless [See NOISY]. 

Noisome. SYN. Hurtful, harmful, 
nocuous, pestilential. 

ANT. Wholesome, salutary, salu- 
brious, beneficial. 

Noisy. SYN. Loud, clamorous, stun- 

ANT. Still, soft, inaudible, whis- 
pering, soothing, musical, melodi- 
ous, harmonious, tuneful, subdued, 
gentie, noiseless. 

Nomad. SYN. Pastoral, vagrant, 
Arab, Scythian, roving, migratory. 
ANT. Fixed, unwandering, agri- 
cultural, unroviug, urban. 
Nominal. SYN. Trifling, supposi- 
tious, ostensible, professed, pre- 
tended, formal. 

ANT. Real, deep, serious, impor- 
tant, grave, substantial, actual, in- 
trinsic, veritable, essential. 
Nominate. SYN. Name, specify, ap- 
point, individualize, define, invest, 
present, entitle. 
ANT. Suggest, indicate, conjecture, 




describe, recal, deprive, cancel, 
withdraw, divert. 

Nonsense. SYN. Absurdity, trash, 
folly, pretense, jest, balderdash. 

ANT. Sense, wisdom, truth, fact, 
gravity, philosophy, science, reason. 

Nonsensical [See FOOLISH], 

Normal. SYN. Regular, typical, usu- 
al, recognized, natural, ordinary. 

ANT. Abnormal, irregular, un- 
natural, exceptional, monstrous. 

Notable [See REMARKABLE]. 

Note, n. [See SIGN]. 

Note. v. [See NOTICE]. 

Notice, n. SYN. Observation, cogni- 
zance, heed, advice, news, consider- 
ation, visitation, mark, note. 

ANT Oversight, disregard, misin- 
formation, mistidings, neglect, 
slight, connivance, ignorance, in- 
cognizance, heedlessness, amnesty, 

Notice, v SYN. Mark, note, observe, 
attend to, mention, heed, regard, 
give heed to [See RFGARD]. 

Noticeable [See REMARKABLE]. 

Notification. SYN. Notice, declara- 
tion, publication [See NOTICE]. 

Notify. SYN. Intimate, declare, an- 
uounce.give notici to, 
municate, apprise, inform, warn. 

ANT. Suppress, withhold, con- 
ceal, miereport. 

Notion. SYN. Apprehension, idea, 
conception, judgment, opinion, be- 
lief, expectation, sentiment. 

ANT. Misapprehension, falsifica- 
tion, misbelief, misjudgment, frus- 
tration, misconception. 

Notoriety.SYN. Publicity, vogue, re- 
pute.celebrity .knowledge certainty. 
ANT. Privacy, secrecy, conceal- 
ment, obscurity, mystery, suspicion, 
rumor, whisper. 

Notorious. SYN. Known, undis- 
puted, recognized, allowed. 
ANT. Suspected, reported, reputed. 

Nourish. SYN. Nurture, fed, foster, 
cherish, nurse, tend, support, pro- 

ANT. Starve blight, destroy, kill, 

Nourishment [See ALIMWNT]. 

Novel [See NEW-FANGLED]. 

Novice [See TYRO]. 

Noxious [See NOISOME]. 

Nucleus. SYN. Core, central part, 

center, kernel [See CORE]. 

Nudity. SYN. Nakedness, bareness, 

ANT. Clothing, drapery, invest- 
ment, dress 

Nugatory. SYN. Trifling, vain, in- 
operative, ineffectual, null, void. 

ANT. Grave, serious, important, 
potent, efficacious, momentous, suc- 
cessful, satisfactory. 

Nuisance. SYN. Offence, annoy- 
ance, plague, pest, trouble. 

ANT. Gratification, blessing, 
pleasure, delight, benefit. 

Null [See VOID]. 

Nullify. SYN. Abrogate, neutralize, 
cancel, abolish, extinguish, annul, 
quash, repeal. 

ANT. Confirm, perpetuate, re- 
enact, stabilitate, establish, cherish. 

Number [See COUNT]. 

Numberless. SYN. Countless, in- 
numerable infinite. 
ANT. Few, scarce, rare 

Numbness. SVN. Hebetude, callous- 
ness, insensibility. 

ANT. Acutenes-s, sensibility, live- 
liness, sensiiiveness. 

Numerous [See MANY!. 

Nuptial. SYN. Connubial, hymeneal, 

Nuptials. SYN. Wedding, marriage, 
espousal [See MARRIAGE]. 

Nurse [See NOURISH]. 

Nursery. SYN. Seed-plot, seminary, 
plantation, school. 

ANT. World, life, education, pro- 

Nurture [See NOURISH] . 

Nutriment. SYN Aliment, food, 
sustenance nourishment, replen- 
ishment, susientation, p ibalum. 

ANT. Starvation, languishment, 
decay, inanition, exhaustion, poi- 
son, detriment. 

Nutrition. SYN. Alimentation, sus- 
tentation f eding. 

ANT. Exhaustion, starvation, in- 



Obdurate. SYN. Hardened, obsti- 
nate, stubborn, impenitent, repro- 
bate, callous, unfeeling, insensible ; 
ANT. Softened, flexible, tender, 




teachable, yielding, penitent, docile, 

Obedience. SYN. Submission, com- 
pliance, subservience. 

ANT. Resistance, rebellion, viola- 
tion, transgression, antagonism, 

Obedient [See SUBMISSIVE]. 

Obesity. SYN. Fatness, fleshiness, 
corpulence, plumpness, corpulency, 

ANT. Leanness, thinness. 

Obey. SYN. Submit, comply, yield. 
ANT. Resist, disobey, refuse [See 

Object, n. SYN. Appearance, sight, 
design, end, aim, motive, intent, 
view, goal. 

ANT. Idea, notion.conception, fancy, 
subject, proposal, purpose, effect. 

Object to. v. SYN. Oppose, contra- 
vene, obstruct, demur to, except to, 
gainsay, disapprove. 
ANT. Approve, approve of. 

Objective. SYN. Extrinsic, con- 
crete, external. 

ANT. Intrinsic, abstract, notional, 

Objurgate [See SCOLD]. 

Oblation. SYN. Offering, present- 
ment, gift. 

ANT. Spoliation, sacrilege, with- 
holding, resumption, refusal, nega- 

Obligation. SYN. Duty, necessity, 
compulsion, contract, bond, cove- 
nant, belioof. 

ANT. Promise, word, choice, free- 
dom, assurance, declaration, inten- 
tion, exemption. 

Oblige. SYN. Compel, coerce, neces- 
sitate, force, benefit , favor .accommo- 
date, gratify, bind, constrain. 

ANT. Release, acquit, induce, per- 
suade, annov, disoblige. 

Obliging. SYN. Kind, consideiate, 
compliant, complaisant, accommo- 

ANT. Discourteous, rude, cross- 
grained, perverse, unaccomodating, 

Oblique. SYN. Divergent, diagonal, 
lateral, angular. 

Obliterate, v. [See EFFACE]. 

Oblivion, n. SYN. Forgetfulness, 

ANT. Remembrance, recollection, 
memory, reminiscence, commem- 
oration, celebration. 

Obloquy. SYN. Censure, blame, def- 
amation, contumely, reproach. 

ANT. Praise, panegyric, acclama- 
tion, encomium. 

Obnoxious. SYN. Odious, detri- 
mental, pernicious.amenable, liable, 
blame worthy,offensive, answerable. 
ANT. Pleasant, grateful, whole 
some, salutary, beneficial, uname- 
nable, independent, exempt. 

Obscene. SYN. Impure, immodest, 
indecent, lewd, foui, indelicate, 
filthy, disgusting, foul-mouthed. 
ANT. Pure, modest, decent. 

Obscure, a. SYN. Dark, dim, lower- 
ing, indistinct, enigmatical, uncer- 
tain, doubtful, unascertained, hum- 
ble, unintelligible, mean. 

ANT. Bright, luminous, distinct, 
lucid, plain, plain spokeu, intelligi- 
ble, unambiguous, ascertained, 
eminent, prominent. 

Obscure, v. SYN. Conceal, darken. 
ANT. Reveal, make known, discover 

Obsequious. SYN. Submissive, 
servile, deferential, cringing, syco- 
phantic, flattering. 

ANT. Insubmissive, independent, 
arrogant, self assertive, impudent 

Observance. SYN. Attention, ful- 
filment, respect, celebration, per- 
formance, ceremony, custom, form, 
rule, practice. 

ANT. Inobservance, inattention, 
breach, disrespect, disregard, des- 
eutude, disuse, non-performance, 
informality, unceremoniousness 

Observant. SYN. Regardful, atten- 
tive, mindful, obedient, watchful 

ANT. Disregardful, neglectful 
unmindful, disobedient, heedless 

Observation. SYN. Contempla- 
tion, study, remark, attention, no- 
tice, comment. 

ANT. Disregard, oversight, inad- 
ventence, inattention, silence, ig- 

Observe. SYN. Remark, mark, 
watch, note, behold, perceive keep, 
heed, respect [See PERCKIVE]. 

Obsolete. SYN. Antiquited. past. ef- 
fete, disused, archaic, old-fashioned- 




ANT. Fashionable, modern, cur- 
rent, customary, operative, extant. 
Obstacle. SYN. Impediment, ob- 
struction, hindrance, objection, 
bar, difficuky, check, obstruction. 

ANT. Course, proceeding, career, 

Obstinate. SYN. Headstrong, stub- 
born, refractory, self-willed, pertina- 
cious.obJurate. perverse, intractable 
ANT. Amenable, complaisant, 
yielding, docile, ductile, character- 
less, irresolute, wavering. 
Obstinacy [See OBSTINATE]. 
Obstreperous. SYN, Noisy, up- 
roarious, clamorous, rattling. 

ANT. Subdued, quiet, noiseless, 

Obstruct. SYN. Bar, block, choke, 
hinder, impede, interrupt, retard, 

ANT. Open, clear, pave, facilitate, 
expedite, further, advance, pro- 
mote, accelerate, aid. 
Obstruction. SYN. Hinderance,ob- 
stacle, impediment [See OBSTACLE]. 
Obtain [See ACQUIRE] . 
Obtestation. SYN. Entreaty, sup- 
plication, adjuration. 

ANT. Abjuration, deprecation, 

Obtrude. SYN. Force, thrust, in- 
terfere, intrude. 

ANT. Suggest, insinuate, retire, 

Obtuse. SYN. Dull, stupid, unin- 
telligent, stolid, doltish. 

ANT. Acute, clever, intelligent, 
quick, sharp. 

Obumbrate. SYN. Shade, over- 
shadow, darken. 

ANT. Lighten, illuniine,elucidate. 
Obverse._SYN. Opposite, facing. 

ANT. Hinder, reverse. 
Obvious. SYN. Plain, self-evident, 
manifest, explicit, apparent, open, 

ANT. Remote, obscure, far- 
fetched, involved, latent. 
Occasion, n. SYN. Conjuncture, 
opportunity, occurrence, cause, 
need, event, reason, necessity, 
opening, ground. 

ANT. Untimeliness, unseasonable- 
ness, frustration, 

Occasion, v. SYN. Cause, make, 
create ISee PRODUCE and CREATE] . 

Occasionally. SYN. Sometimes, 
casually, rarely. 

ANT. Always, regularly, con- 
stantly, frequently. 

Occult. SYN. Latent, hidden, un- 
revealed, mysterious, secret, dark, 

ANT. Developed, plain, patent 
clear, familiar, exposed, open. 

Occupancy. SYN. Possession, en 
joyment, tenure. 

ANT. Ejection, evict-on, dispoa 

Occupant. SYN. Owner, resident, 
proprietor, tenant, occupier. 

ANT. Foreigner, stranger, visitor, 
intruder, usurper. 

Occupation. SYN. Employment, 
avocation, possession, usurpation, 
encroachment, tenure, calling, pur- 
suit, trade, business, holding. 

ANT. Idleness, vacancy, leisure, 
abandonment, vacation , re siguation . 

Occupier [See OCCUPANT]. 

Occupy. SYN. Hold, possess, em- 
ploy, fill, busv [See HOLD] . 

Occur. SYN. Befall, happen, betide, 

supervene, take place, appear, arise. 

ANT. Pass, threaten, impend. 

Occurrence. SYN. Event, affair, 
incident, transaction, adventure 
[See EVFNT]. 

Ocular. SYN, Visible.demonstrable, 

ANT. Inferential, auricular, hear- 
say, circ mstantial, deductive, con- 

Odd. SYN. Alone, sole, unmatched, 
remaining, over, fragmentary, un- 
even, singular, _ peculiar, queer, 
quaint, fantastical, uncommon, 

ANT. Aggregate, consociate, 
matched, balanced, squared, inte- 
grant, even, common, usual, regu- 
lar, normal. 

Odious. SYN. Hateful, offensive, de- 
testable, abominable ha'ed. 

ANT. Delectable, grateful, accept- 
able, pleasant. 

Oil in ill. SYN. Hatred, offensiveness, 
dislike, invidiousuess, jealousy, 
unpopularity, grudge. 

ANT. Love, tastelulnees, accepta. 
bleness, popularity, ungrudging. 
ne~s, welcome. 

Odor. SYN. Smell, scent, fragrance, 


, perfume, redolence, efflu- 
vium, fume, trail, nidor. 

ANT. luodorousness, absence of 
smell, waut of smell. 
Odorous [See FRAGRANT]. 
Offal [See CREAM]. 
Offence r Offense. SYN. Attack, 
sin, crime, umbrage transgression, 
crime, misdeed, injury, wrong, af- 
front, outrage, insult, trespass, in- 
dignity, misdemeanor. 

ANT. D fence, innocence, guilt- 

Offend. SYN. Displease, affront, out- 
rage, irritate, shock, annoy, pain, 
wound, n<-ttle. vtx, err, fall. 

ANT. Conciliate, gratify, please. 
Offender [See CULPRIT]. 
Offensive. SYN. Aggressive, obnox- 
ious, distasteful, displeasing, foul, 
fetid. unsavory. 

ANT. Defensive, grattful, pleas- 
ant, savory. 

Offer. SYN. Propose, exhibit.proffer, 
present, tender, extend, adduce, 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, re- 
tract, retain, alienate, diveit. 
Offering: [See OFFER AND OBLA- 

Off-hand. SYN Impromtu, unpre- 
medi ated, extemppie unstudied. 

ANT. I'remeuitnted, studitd, 
thought out, elaborate. 
Office. SYN. Service, duty, appoint- 
ment, function, employment, sta- 
tion, business post. 

ANT. Leisure, vacancy, resigna- 
tion, sinecure. 

Officer. SYN. Official, functionary, 
conductor, director, administrator, 
manager, dignitary, official. 

ANT. _ Member, servant, private, 

Official, n. [See OFFICER]. 
Official, n. SYN. Administrative, 
authoritative, negotiative, function- 
al, professional. 

ANT. Private, unofficial, unpro- 
Officiate. SYN. Act, serve, perform, 

ANT. Retire, witness. 
Officious. SYN. Meddling, inter- 
fering, pushing, forward, intrusive, 
ANT. Backward, negligent.remiss, 

183 ONS 

unofficious, retiring, modest, back- 

Often. SYN. Frequently, repeatedly. 
ANT. Infrequently, seldom. 

Ogre. SYN. Spectre, goblin hobgob- 
lin, bugbear, [See SPECTRE]. 


Old. SYN. Aged, pristine long-stand- 
ing, ancient, preceding, antiquated, 
obsolete, senile antique. 

ANT. Youthful, young, recent, 
fresh, modern, subsequent, new- 
fashioned, current. 

Oleaginous. SYN. Oily, unctuous, 

ANT. Harsh, dry, sour, acid, 

Omen. SYN. Augury, sign, presaee, 
portent, furboding, prognostic [See 

Ominous. SYN. Portentous, sug- 
gestive, threatening, foreboding, 
premonitory, unpropitious. 

ANT. Auspicious, propitious, en- 

Omission. SYN. Oversight, exclu- 
ANT. Attention, insertion, notice. 

Omit. SYN. Neglect, fail, miss, leave 
out, pass by, overlook [See NEG- 

Omnipotent. SYN. Al powerful, 
Almighty irresistible. 
ANT. PowerKs-, inefficient. 

Omniscient. SYN. All-knowing, 
all-wise, infallible. 

ANT. Short sight, ignorant, falli- 

One. SYN. Single, undivided, indi- 
ANT. Many. 

Oneness [See UNITY]. 

Onerous. SYN. Burdensome, toil- 
some, heavy, responsible, oppres- 
sive, laborious, opcrose, difficult. 

ANT. Light, easy, trivial, inop- 

Only. a. SYN. Single, sole, alone, 
ANT. Many, together, mixed. 

Only. adv. SYN. Solely, singly, 
merely, simply, barely. 

ANT. Among, amongst, together, 

Onset [See ATTACK] . 

Onslaught [See ATTACK]. 




Onward. ST::. 'X'War.'. ahead, in 

ANT. Backward, astoru, aback. 
Ooze. fciYN. Distill, drop, drip, perco- 
late, perspire, sweat, drain, leak, 

ANT. POTIT. rush, flow, stream, dis- 

Opaque [See TRANSPARENT]. 
O;en. r. SYN. Unclose, lay open, lay 
Dare expose, explain, disclose,, ini- 
tiate, begin, commence. 

ANT. Close, shut up, conceal, in- 
close, mystify, misinterpret, con- 
clude, cover. 

Open. a. SYN. Accessible, free, avail- 
able, unshut, unfolded, public, free, 
unrestricted, unreserved, unaffected, 
genuine, barefaced, undisguised, 
above-board, liberal, unclosed, can- 
did,frank, ingenuous, unsettled, unde- 

ANT. Inaccessible, closed, barred, 
unavailable, shut, close, secretive, 
reserved, settled, determined. 
Opening. SYN. Aperture, gap, oppor- 
tunity, space, commencement, initia- 
tion, start, inauguration, hole, fissure, 
chink, beginning. 

ANT. Occlusion, obstruction, stop- 
gap, unreasonableness, contretemps, 
inopportuneness, enclosure, termina- 
tion, close, end, conclusion. 
Operate. SYN. Act, work, produce, 
effect, produce an effect, have effect. 
ANT. Cease, rest, fail, misoperate. 
Operation. SYN. Agency, action, ex- 
ercise, production, influence, per- 

ANT. Cessation, inaction, rest, in- 
operattveness, inefficacy, inefficiency, 

Operative. SYN. Active, efficacious, 
serviceable, binding. 

ANT. Inefficacious, inoperative. 
Operose. SYN. Onerous, laborious, 
burdensome, tedious, wearisome, toil- 

ANT. Light, nnburdensome, etiin 
ulating, refreshing. 

Opine. SYN. Think, believe, conjec- 
ture, suppose, judge, surmise. 

ANT. Know, ascertain, verify. 
Opinion. SYN. Conviction, view. 
judgment, notion, idea, impression, 
estimation, theory 

Oplnlonatlve. SYN. Dictatorial, 
dogmatical, self-conceited, oracular. 

ANT. Modest, diffident, inquiring, 
vacillating, cautious, undemonstra- 

Opponent [See ADVERSARY]. 

Opportune. SYN. Timely, season- 
able, appropriate, felicitous, suitable, 
fit, meet, auspicious. 

A_T. Inopportune, untimely, un- 
seasonable, infelicitous. 

Opportunity. SYN. Occasion, turn, 
opening, convenience. 

ANT. Inopportuneness, unseason- 
ableness, lapse, omission, contre- 

Oppose. SYN. Withstand, resist, 
mutch, obstruct, confront, oppugn, 
bar, hinder, contravene,check, thwart. 
ANT. Aid, abet, back, support, ad- 
vance, expedite. 

Opposition. SYN. Resistance, hos- 
tility, obstacle, obstruction [See AN- 

Opposite. SYN. Facing, adverse, re- 
pugnant, inconsistent, irreconcil- 
able, contrary, antagonistic, counter, 

ANT. Agreeing, coincident, consen- 

Oppress. SYN. Burden, grind, weigh 
down, persecute, aggrieve, maltreat, 
abuse, overbear, constrain. 

ANT. Encourage, support, patroU* 
ize, assist, befriend! 

Oppression. SYN. Cruelty, tyranny, 
severity, injustice, hardship. 

ANT. Kindness, inercy, clemency, 
leniency, justice [See TYRANNY]. 

Oppressive. SYN. Hsavy, overpower- 
ing, unjust, gaLLug, extortionate, 

ANT. light, just, compassionate 

Opprobrious. SYN. Insulting, in- 
famous [beo ABUSIVE]. 

Opprobrium. SYN. Reproach, scan- 
Jal, disgrace, obloquy, ignominy, odi- 
um [See OBLOQUY and ODIUM], 

. SYN. Discretion, choice, 
preference, deliberation, wish, elec- 

ANT. Obligation, necessity, burden, 

Opulence. SYN. Wealth, affluence, 
riches, fortune. 




ANT. Poverty, indigence, impecuni- 

Opulent. SYN. Rich, well to do, mon- 
eyed, affluent [See RicnJ. 
Oracular [See OPINIONATITE]. 
Oral. SYN. Unwritten, traditional, vo- 
cal, spoken, verbal. 

ANT. Written, documentary. 
Oration [See HABANOUEJ. 
Oratory. SYN. Eloquence, rhetoric, 
elocution, declamation. 

ANT. Hesitation, tardiloquence, im- 
perfection of speech. 
Orb. SYN. Sphere, circle, ball, g]obe. 
Orbit. SYN. Revolution, path, circuit, 

ANT. Eccentricity, deviation, per- 

Ordain. SYN. Set, appoint, decree, 
institute, prescribe, arrange, direct, 
regulate, dictate, establish. 

ANT. Subvert, revoke, cancel, an- 
nul, disestablish, countermand. 
Ordeal. SYN. Test, trial, probation, 

ANT. Argument, plea, discussion, 
Investigation, evidence. 
Order, n. SYN. Arrangement, con- 
dition, sequence, direction, rank, 
grade, class, decree, succession, se- 
ries, method, injunction, precept, 

Order, t,-. SYN. Arrange, dispose, reg- 
ulate, adjust, direct, command, class- 
ify, ordain, enjoin, prescribe,appoint, 
manage [See AKRANGE]. 

ANT. Disarrangement, confusion, 
tmsettlement, inversion, execution, 

Orderly. SYN. Regular, equable, 
peaceable, methodical, quiet. 

ANT. Irregular, disorderly, riot- 

Ordinance. SYN. Statute, Institute, 
decree, law, edict, regulation, rule. 

ANT. Custom, usage, prescription. 
Ordinary. SYN. Settled, wonted, con- 
ventional, plain, inferior, common- 
place, humdrum, matter of fact. 

ANT. Extraordinary, unusual, un- 
common, superior [See USUAL]. 
Organic. SYN. Fundamental, consti- 
tutional, radical. 

ANT. Non-essential, circumstantial, 
contingent, provisional. 
Organization. SYN. Structure, 
form, construction. 

ANT. Disorganization. 
Organize. SYN. Shape, adjust, con- 
stitute, frame, dispose, arrange, con- 

ANT. Distort, break up, annul, dis- 
organize, dismember, disband. 
Orifice. SYN. Aperture, perforation, 
inouth,opening. hole, bung, bung-hole. 
ANT. Obstruction, stopper, plug, 

Origin. SYN. Source, commencement, 
spring, cause, derivation, rise, begin- 

ANT. Termination, conclusion, ex- 

Original. SYS. Primary, initiatory, 
primordial,peculiar, pristine, ancient, 
former, first. 

ANT. Subsequent, terminal, mod- 
ern, later, derivative. 
Originate. SYN. Commence, spring, 
rise, start, initiate, invent, create, 
cause to be made, proceed, emanate. 

ANT. Prosecute, conduct, apply. 
Ornament, n. SYN. Decoration, em- 

ANT. Disgrace, brand, disfigure- 

Ornament. ;. [See ADORN]. 
Ornate. SYN. Decorated, embellished, 
rich, high-wrought, ornamented. 

ANT. Plain, chaste, nude, naked, 
bare, bald. 

Orthodox. SYN. Correct, sound, 

ANT. Heretical, unorthodox. 
Ostensible. SYN. Avowed, pretended, 
declared, professed, manifest, visible, 
nominal, apparent, outward. 

ANT. Real, genuine, concealed, un- 
pretended, actual, veritable. 
Ostentation. SYN. Show, parade, 
display, flourish, pomp, vaunting, 

ANT. Reserve, retirement, modesty, 
concealment, unobtrusiveness, quiet, 

Ostentations. SYN. Showy, vain, 
boastful, vain-glorious. 

ANT. Modest, quiet, retired, 
Ostracism. SYN. Banishment, expul- 
sion, blackball. 

ANT. Admittance, enlistment, out 

Oust. SYN. Eject, dispossess, deprive, 
evict, eject, dislodge, remove. 




ANT. Install, reinstate, readmit, re- 

Outbreak. SYN. Outburst, tumult, 
commotion, insurrection, rebellion, 

ANT. Subsidence, pacification, quell- 
ing, quiet, order, cooling. 

Outcast. SYN. Castaway, reprobate, 
vagrant, vagabond, exile [See VAGA- 

Outcry. SYN. Clamor, tumult, denun- 
ciation, hullabaloo, yell, noise,scream. 
ANT. Acclamation, plaudit, quiet, 

Outdo. STN. Outstrip, transcend, 
eclipse [See SUKPA.SS and TRANS- 

Outer. STN. Outward, outside, exter- 
nal, exterior. 

ANT. Inward, inside, internal, in- 
terior [See OUTWARD]. 
Outlandish. SYN. Strange, queer, 
grotesque, foreign, rustic, barbarous, 

ANT. Fashionable, modish, native. 
Outlaw. STN. Brigand, bandit, rob- 
ber, highwayman, freebooter [See 
Outlet. STN. Egress, exit, vent 

ANT. Ingress, entrance. 
Outline. STN. Delineation, sketch,con- 
tour, draft, plan. 

ANT. Form, substance, figure, ob- 
ject, subject, field, ground, bulk, 
Outlive. STN. Outlast, survive. 

ANT. Die, perish. 
Outlook. STN. Prospect, view, eight 


Outrage. STN. Outbreak, offence, 
wantonness, mischief, abuse, ebulli- 
tion, violence, indignity, affront, fn- 

ANT. Moderation, self-control, self- 
restraint, subsidence, coolness, calm- 

Outrageous. STN. Excessive, un- 
warrantable, unjustifiable, wanton, 
flagrant, nefarious, atrocious, vio- 

ANT. Moderate, justifiable, reason- 

Outset. STN. Opening, start, com- 
mencement, exordium, beginning, in- 
auguration, preface. 

ANT. Close, termination, conclu- 
sion, peroration. 

Outshine. STN. Surpass, eclipse, 

ANT. Foil, relieve, back. 
.Outskirts. STN. Border, outpost, 
purlieu, environs, precincts. 

ANT. Interior, centre, bulk, body, 
mass, heart. 

Outspoken. STN. Plain, frank, un- 
reserved, candid. 

ANT. Mysterious, enigmatical, re- 
served, taciturn, secretive, uncom- 

Outspread. STN. Expanded, un- 
folded, wrapped, patent, dispread, 
open, outstretched. 

ANT. Folded, contracted, closed, 
furled, collapsed. 

Outstanding. STN. Unappropri- 
ated, uncollected, ungathered. 

ANT. Appropriated, collected, gath- 

Outstep. STN. Exceed, transgress, 
outstrip, outwalk. 

ANT. Observe, regard, accompany, 

Outstretched [See OUTSPREAD], 
Outstrip. STN. Surpass, beat, dis- 
tance, eclipse. 

ANT. Follow, succeed. 
Outvie [See VIE and ECXJPSE]. 
Outward. STN. External, apparent, 
visible, sensible, superficial, osten- 
sible, forthcoming, extrinsic, extrane- 

ANT. Internal, intrinsic, with- 
drawn, inapparent, inward. 
Outweigh. STN. Outbalance, over- 
balance [See PREPONDERATE], 
Outwit. STN. Outgeneral, circumvent 


On I work. SYN. Screen, abattis, pro- 
pugnation, fortification, escarpment. 

ANT. Stand, position, ground, cen- 

Ovation [See TRIUMPH]. 
Overawe [See BROWBEAT]. 
Overbalance [See BALANCE]. 
Overbearing. STN. Bullying, dom- 
ineering [See ARROGANCE]. 
Overcast. STN. Cloudy, nubilous, 
lowering, murky. 

ANT. Cloudless, clear, luminous, 

Overcharge. STN. Overload, sur- 
feit [See CHARGE and EXAGGERATE]. 
Overcome. STN. Vanquish, get the 
better of, surmount [See 




Overestimate [See DISPARAGE]. 

Overflow. SYN. Redundancy, exu- 
berauce, superabundance, deluge, in- 

ANT. Deficiency, exhaustion, sub- 

Overflowing [See ABUNDANT]. 

Overjoyed. SYN. Transported, de- 
lighted, enraptured. 

ANT. Saddened, depressed, dis- 

Overlook. SYN. Condone, connive, 
disregard,oversee, supervise, inspect, 
survey, review, excuse, pardon, for- 
give, neglect. 

ANT. Visit, scrutinize, investigate, 

Overplus. SYN. Surplus, surplusage, 
residue, excess [See REMAINDER]. 

Overpower [See MASTER]. 

Overreach [See CIRCUMVENT] 

Overruling. SYN. Governing, con- 
trolling, superior, predominant. 

ANT. Governed, controlled, inferior 

Overrun. SYN. Lay -waste, devastate 
[See RAVAGE], 

Oversee. SYN. Superintend, super- 
vise [See OVERLOOK]. 

Oversight. SYN. Error, omission, 
mistake, neglect, slip, inadvertence, 
inspection, superintendence. 

ANT. Scrutiny, correction, emenda- 
tion, attention, mark, notice. 

Overt. SYN. Deliberate, public, open, 
avowed, manifest. 

ANT. Covert, secret, implied, clan- 
destine, furtive. 

Overthrow. SYN. Destroy, subvert, 
upset, overturn, ruin, demolish, de- 
feat, rout, overcome, discomfit, in- 
vert, overset, reverse. 

ANT. Restore, reinstate, construct, 
regenerate, redintegrate, revive, re- 

Overture. SYN. Prelude, advance, 
proposal, offer, invitation, lead, in- 

ANT. Inaction, undemonstrative- 
ness, quiescence. 

Overturn [See OVERTHROW]. 

Overvalue. SYN. Overstimate,over- 
prize, overrate. 

ANT. Underestimate, underprize, 

Overweening. SYN. Vain, con- 

ceited, haughty, egotistical [See A*. 

Overwhelm. SYN. Crush, quell, ex- 
tinguish, drown, subdue, swamp. 

ANT. Raise, reinvigorate, reinstate, 
re-establish, rescue, extricate. 

Owe. SYN. Borrow, hypothecate, attri- 

ANT. Requite, repay, liquidate, de- 

O wing. SYN. Due, impu table, as- 
cribable, attributable. 

ANT. Casually, perchance, by 
chance, by accident. 

Own. SYN. Possess, hold, have, ac- 
knowledge, avow, admit, confess. 

ANT. Alienate, forfeit, lose, dis- 
claim, disavow, disinherit, disown,ab- 
jure, abandon. 

Owner. SYN. Proprietor, possessor. 

PARl'LAlt. SYN. Esculent, nutri- 
tious, comestible, alimental. 

ANT. Uneatable, innutritions. 
Pace. SYN. Step, stride, tread, gait. 

ANT. Standing still. 
Pacific. SYN. Conciliatory, mild, ap- 
peasing, calm, tranquil, peaceful. 

ANT. Unconciliatory,harsh,quarrel- 
some, exasperating, irritating, turbu- 
lent, noisy, tumultuous, warlike. 
Pacification. SYN. Conciliation, 
reconciliation, reconcilement, ar- 
rangement, compromise, adjust- 

ANT. Warfare, fighting, hostilities, 
war, arms, the sword. 
Pacify. SYN. Appease,conciliate,calm, 
still, soothe, quiet, tranquillize. 

ANT. Exasperate, agitate, excite, 
irritate, rouse, provoke. 
Pack. n. SYN. Burden, bundle, pack- 
age, lot, parcel, load [See BURDEN]. 
Pack. v. SYN. Stow, compact, com- 
press, cook. 

ANT. Unpack, unsettle, jumble, dis- 
place, misarrange, dissipate, neutral- 

Pact. SYN, Agreement, bargain, cov- 
enant, league, bond, alliance, stipula- 

ANT. Understanding, promise, pa- 
role, ho- or. 

Paean. SYN. Jubilation, Te Deum, Al- 




A NT. Dirge, miserere, threnody, 

Pas an. n. SYN. Heathen, idolater, 
ANT. Believer, Christian. 

Pagan, a. SYN. Heathenish, idola- 
ANT. Christian. 

Paganism. SYN. Heathenism, poly- 
theism, pantheism, ditheism, trithe- 
ism, dualism, heathendom. 
ANT. Christianity, Christendom. 

Pageant. SYN. Pomp, procession, 
exhibition .display, spectacle, show, 

ANT. Dream, illusion, phantas- 
magoria, mockery. 

Pageantry. SYN. Parade, pomp, 
show, splendor, magnificence [See 
POMP] . 

Pain. n. SYN. Penalty, suffering, 
distress, uneasiness, grief, (tabor, 
effort. In the />/. pains) anguish, 
torture, agony. 

ANT. Reward, remuneration, ease, 
gratification, joy, pleasure, felicity, 
relief .alleviation, enjoy ment, delight 

fain. v. SYN. Hurt, grieve, afflict, 
torment, rack, agonize, trouble, 
torture, aggrieve, annoy, distress. 

ANT. Gratify, please, delight, re- 
jo'ce. charm, relieve, ease, refresh. 

Painful. SYN. Afflicting distressful, 
grieving.grievous.excruciating [See 

Painfully [See PAINFUL]. 

Painstaking, a. SYN. Careful, at- 
tentive, diligent, laborious [See OB- 

Paint, v. SYN. Co:or, tinge, tint, 
portray, represent, delineate, de- 
pict, sketch, describe. 

ANT. Daub, caricature, mispor- 
tray, misrepresent, misdehneate, 

Pair. SYN. Two. couple, span, brace, 
ANT. One, several. 

Palatable. SYN. Tasteful, savory, 
appetizing, delicious, toothsome 

Pale. SYN. Pallid, wan, faint, dim, 
undefined, etiolated, sallow, cadav- 

ANT. Ruddy, high-colored, con- 
spicuous, deep. 

Pall. SYN. Blunt, dispirit, satiate, 

ANT. Quicken, sharpen, inspirit, 

Palliate. SYN. Cloak, cover, con- 
ceal, extenuate, mitigate, soften, 
soothe, gloze. 

ANT. Expose, denounce, exagger- 
ate, aggravate, magnify. 
Pallid [See PALE]. 
Palm. SYN. Trophy, prize, crown, 
laurels, bays. 

ANT. Brand, stigma, shame, blot. 
Palmy. SYN. Prosperous, glorious, 
distinguish ed, victorious, flourishing 
ANT. Depressed, inglorious, un- 
distinguished, unflounshing. 
Palpable. SYN. Material, corporal, 
tangible, obvious, gross, percepti- 
ble, evident, distinct. 

ANT. Immaterial, incorporal, in- 
visible ethereal, impalpable, indisi 
tinct, dubious, imperceptible. 
Palpitate. SYN. Throb, flutter, 
beat, pulsate, pant. 

ANT. Pause, stop, cease. 
Palter. SYN. Shuffle, prevaricate, 
trifle, shift, dodge, haggle. 

ANT. Act, determine, decide. 
Paltry. SYN. Mean, shabby, shuf- 
fling, trifling, prevaricating, shifty, 
contemptible, pitiable, vi e, worth- 
less, beggarly, trashy. 

ANT. Noble, honorable, candid, 
conscientious, determined, straight- 
forward, estimable, admirable, 
worthy, magnificent. 
Pamper. SYN. Feed, glut, spoil, in- 
dulge, cocker. 

ANT. Harden, starve, inure, stint, 

Panegyric. SYN._ Eulogy, encom- 
ium, praise, eulogium. laudation. 

ANT. Stricture, sa ire, sarcasm, 

lampoon, invective, philippic, tirade 

Pang. SYN Paroxysm, throe, agony, 

convulsion, smart, anguish, pain, 


ANT. Pleasure, enjovment, grati- 
fication, delight, delectation, fasci- 
nation, refreshment. 
Pant. SYN. Palpitate, throb, gasp, 
puff, long, yearn [See PALPITATE 
and YEARN]. 

Parable. SYN. Apologue, simili- 
tude, fable, allegory. 

ANT. History, fact, narrative. 
Parade. SYN. Vaunt, flaunt, dis- 




ANT. Suppress, veil, conceal. 
Parade, n. SYN. Vaunting, flaunting, 
display, pomp, ostentation, show, pa- 
geant, procession, spectacle. 

AST. Suppression, concealment, 
modesty, humility, simplicity, ua- 
demonstrativeness, plainness, retire- 
ment, unceremoniousness. 
Paradise. SYN. Heaven, bliss, ecsta- 
sy. Eden, Elysium. 

ANT. Purgatory, hell, misery, tor- 

Paradox. STN. Contradiction, enig- 
ma, mystery, absurdity, ambiguity. 

ANT. Precept, proposition, axiom, 
truism, postulate. 

Paradoxical. STN. Contradictory, 
absurd, enigmatical, mysterious. 

ANT. Self-evident, axiomatic, lucid, 

Parallel. STN. Correspondent, con- 
gruous, correlative, analogous, con- 
current, equidistant. 

ANT. Different, opposed, incongru- 
ous, irrelative, unanalogous, diver- 
gent, contrariant. 

Paralyze. STN. Deaden, benumb, 
prostrate, enervate, debilitate, en- 

ANT. Give life, strengthen, nerve, 
lift up, restore. 

Paramount. STN. Superior, pre- 
eminent, chief, principal, supreme. 
ANT. Subordinate, minor, inferior, 

Parasite. STN. Sycophant, flatterer, 
toady, courtier, toad-eater, time- 

ANT. Detractor, calumniator, tra- 

Parcel. STN. Package, bundle. 
Pardon. STN. Forgive, condone, 
absolve, acquit, remit, excuse, over- 

ANT. Condemn, punish, visit. 
Pardonable. STN. Venial, excusa- 

ANT. Inexcusable, unpardonable. 
Pare. STN. Peel, cut off, shave off, 
skin, clip, diminish [See DIMINISH]. 
Parentage. STN. Descent, extrac- 
tion, lineage, birth, stock, pedigree 
Parity. STN. Analogy, correspon- 
dence, equality, resemblance [See 

Parody. STN. Travesty, burlesqva 
[see BuBLESQUzJ. 

Parsimonious. STN. Sparing, close, 
penurious, frugal, niggardly, illiberal, 

ANT. Liberal, unsparing, profuse, 

Parson [See CLEBGTMAN.] 

Part. n. SYN. Portion, piece, fragment, 
fraction, division, member, constit- 
uent, element, ingredient, share, lot, 
concern, interest, participation, side, 
party, interest, faction, behalf, duty. 
ANT. Whole, completeness, en- 
tirety, integrity, totality, mass bulk, 
body, compound, transaction, affair. 

Part. v. [See SEPABATE]. 

Partake. SYN. Share, participate, 
accept, derive. 

ANT. Forfeit, relinquish, forego, 
cede, yield, afford. 

Partial. SYN. Restricted, local, pe- 
culiar, specific, favoring, inequitable, 
unfair, biased, particular. 

ANT. Unrestricted, total, universal, 
general, impartial, equitable, just, 
fair, unbiased. 

Partiality. STN. Preponderance, 
fondness, relish, love. 

ANT. Indifference, impartiality, 

Partially [See PABTLT]. 

Participate. SYN. Share, join in, 

have a share [See PABTAKE]. 

Particle. SYN. Bit, grain, jot, mite, 
tittle, atom [See ATOMJ. 

Particular, o, SYN. Local, specific, 
subordinate, detailed, partial, spe- 
cial, fastidious, minute, scrupulous, 
careful, accurate, exact, circumstan- 
tial, precise, delicate, nice. 

ANT. Universal, general, unspe- 
cial, comprehensive, unscrupulous, 
uncareful, inaccurate, inexact, rough, 
coarse, indiscriminate, undisci imina- 

Particular, n, SYN. Detail, point, 
ANT. Whole, subject, case. 

Particularly. SYN. Specially, chief- 
ly, in particular, especially, distinct- 
ly [See MAINLY]. 

Parting. SYN. Separation, detach, 
ment, division, disruption. 

ANT. Union, attacnmeut, cleaving 


n. SYN-. Adherent, follower, 

party muu, heiiclmwu, clansman, sup- 

porter, disciple [See ADHERENT], 
Partition. SYN. Barrier, division. 

enclosure, compartment, interspace, 

separation, distribution, allotment, 

ANT. Non-partition, non-distinc- 

tion, non-separation, inclusion, com- 

prehension, combination, amalgama- 

tion, incorporation, coalition, union, 

concatenation, generalization, col- 

Partly. SYN. In part, somewhat, In 

some degree, to some extent, in a 

measure, not wholly, partially. 
ANT. Altogether, in whole, entire- 

ly, to the full extent, completely. 
Partner. SYN. Associate, sharer, 

participator, colleague, coadjutor, 

confederate, accomplice, partaker, 

companion, spouse. 
<.:IT. Kival, alien, competitor, op- 

ponent, counter-age at. 
Partnership. SYN. Union, connec- 

tion, company, firm, joint interest, 

co-operation, society, house [See CON- 

Pacts. SYN. Go, move, proceed, go by, 

slip away, glide, eiape [See ELAPSE]. 
Passable. SYN. Traversible, navi- 

gable, penetrable, admissible, toler- 

able, ordinary. 
ANT. Impasable, impervious, im- 

penetrable, inadmissible, excellent. 
Passage. SYN. Journey, thorough- 

fare, road, course, avenue, route, 

channel, clause, phrase, sentence, 


ANT. Chapter, book [See COURSE]. 
Passible. SYN. Susceptible, sensible, 

sensitive, impressible. 
AXT. Insusceptible, insensitive, 

Passion. SYN. Emotion, desire, ar- 

dor, vehemence, lust, auger, anima- 

tion, excitement, warmth, feeling. 
ANT. Coolness, indifference, apa- 

thy, coldness, frigidity, iciness. 
Passionate [See ANOBY and HASTY]. 
Passive. SYN. Inactive, inert, quies- 

cent, unresisting, unquestioning, neg- 

ative, enduring, patient. 
ANT. Active, alert, resistant, pos- 

itive, tosubmissive, malcontent, vehe- 

ment, impatient. 

19 I'AU 

Puss over. SYN. Omit, overlook 


Past. SYN. Spent, gone by, elapsed, 
departed, late. 

ANT. Present, unspent. 
Pastime. SYN. Kecreation, enter ? 
tainmeut, amusement, diversion, play, 

ANT. Business, study, labor, task, 
occupation, work. 

Patch. SYN. Botch, bungle, cobble, 
clout, piece. 

ANT. Fine-draw, embroider. 
Patent. SYN. obvious, evident, in- 
disputable, plain. 

.INT. Dubious, ambiguous, ques- 

Paternal. SYN. Fatherly, careful, 
tender, hereditary. 

ANT. Uufatherly, careless, rough, 
harsh [See HEREDITARY]. 
Path. SYN. Footpath, pathway, 
road, track, course, route, method. 
Pathetic. SYN. Affecting, moving, 
emotional, tender, melting, tender. 

ANT. Ludicrous, unlmpassioned, 
farcical, unaffecting. 
Patience. SYN. Endurance, resig 
nation, submission, perseverance. 
ANT. Resistance, insubmissiveness, 
repining, rebellion, inconsistency, 

Pathless. SYN. Trackless, Untrod- 

ANT. Trodden, frequented. 
Patient. SYN. .Resigned, uurepining, 

ANT. Impatient [See PASSIVE]. 
Patrician. SYN. Noble, senator, ar- 

ANT. Plebeian, churl. 
Patrimony. SYN. Inheritance, her- 

Patronzte. v. SYN. Countenance, be- 
friend, favor, support, help. 

ANT. Oppress, depress, oppose, 
withstand, disfavor, discountenance. 
Pattern. SYN. Model, sample, arch- 
etype, exemplar, specimen, shape, 
precedent, mould, design, plan. 

ANT. Monstrosity, caricature, per- 
version, misrepresentation. 
Paucity. SYN. Rarity, scantity, few- 
ness, deficiency, lack [See DEFI- 

ANT. Frequency, quantity, num- 
ber, abundance. 


Pauperism [See BEGGABY and MEN- 

Pause, n. SYN. Stop, cessation, sus- 
pension, halt, intermission, rest. 

ANT. Continuance, advancement, 

Pa n so. v. SYN. Cease, suspend, inter- 
mit, forbear, stay, wait, hesitate, de- 
mur, stop, desist. 

ANT. Continue, proceed, advance, 
persist, persevere. 

Pave. SYN. Prepare,facilitate,smooth, 
expedite, adapt, fit, mature, arrange, 
dispose, qualify. 

ANT. Obstruct, indispose, disqual- 

Pawn. SYN. Pledge, impignorate. 
ANT. Ransom, redeem. 

Pay. n. SYN. Wages, salary, stipend, 
recompense, payment [See WAGES], 

Pay. r. SYN. Compensate, remunerate, 
satisfy, discharge, expend, disburse, 
requite, liquidate. 

ANT. Deprive, defraud, exact, dis- 
satisfy, hoard, retain, invest, fund. 

Payment [See PAY, n.]. 

Peace. SYN. Quiet,tranquillity, calm, 
repose, pacification, order, calmness, 
reconciliation, harmony, concord. 

ANT. Noise, disturbance, tumult, 
agitation, hostility, disorder, embroil- 
ment, war, discord, variance, strife. 

Peaceable. SYN. tin warlike, inof- 
fensive, quiet, peaceful, innocuous, 
mild, unquarrelsome, serene, placid. 
ANT. Pugnacious, warlike, litigious, 
quarrelsome, savage, fierce, hostile, 
violent, bellicose, restless. 

Peasant. SYN. Countryman, hind, 
clown, laborer, villager, swain, rustic. 
ANT. Citizen, cockney, townsman. 

Peccability. SYN. Frailty, sinful- 
ANT. Impeccability, perfection. 

Peccable. SYN. Frail, sinful. 

ANT. Impeccable, perfect, incor- 

Peccant. SYN. Morbid, corrupt, 
criminal, offensive, objectionable, 
vicious, erring, guilty, transgressing. 
AST. Pure, incorrupt, wholesome. 

Peculator. SYN. Defaulter, delin- 
quent, thief, embezzler [See DE- 

Peculiar. SYN. Private, personal. 
characteristic, exceptional, exclusive, 

190 PEN 

special, specific, particular, unusual, 
singular, uncommon, strange. 

ANT. Public, common, general, uni- 
versal, unspecial, ordinary. 

Peculiarity. SYN. Speciality, indi- 
viduality, distinctiveness, idiosyncra- 

ANT. Generality, universality, com- 
munity, uniformity, homology, honux 
geneity, connaturality. 

Pedantic. SYN. Pedagogical, prig- 
ANT. Unaffected, slipshod. 

Pedigree. SYN. Descent, parentage, 
genealogy, lineage [See BIRTH and 

Pedler. SYN. Huckster, hawker, shop- 
man, trader. 

Peer. n. SYN. Mate, equal, compeer. 

ANT. One unequal in rank, state or 

Peer. v. SYN. Peep, pry, look nar, 

Peerless. SYN. Matchless,paramount, 
unique, unequaled. 

ANT. Mediocre, commonplace, or- 

Peevisli. SYN. Fretful, querulous, 
petulant, testy, captious, waspish, 
splenetic, ill-natured, irascible. 

ANT. Genial, complaisant, insen- 
sate, inquerulous, easy, good-natured, 

Pelf. SYN. Lucre, mammon. 

ANT. Reward, compensation, wage. 

Pellucid. SYN. Translucent, limpid, 
crystalline, vitreous. 

ANT. Opaque, semi-opaque, luteous, 

Penal. SYN. Retributive, coercive, 
visitatorial, castigatory,inflictive, cor- 
rective, punitive. 

ANT. Remunerative, reparatory, 
decorative, honorary. 

Penalty. SYN. Pain, punishment, for- 
feiture, price, fare, retribution, 

ANT. Guerdon, wages, reward, pre- 
mium, prize, douceur, sop, bribe, hon- 
orarium, compensation, remunera- 

Pendent. SYN. Pendulous, hanging, 
suspended, drooping, projecting. 

ANT. Supporting, sustaining, sup- 

Penetrate. SYN. Pierce, enter, enter 




into, reach, permeate, make one's 
way, disclose, fathom [See PIERCE]. 

Penetrable. SIN. Pervious, perme- 
ANT. Impervious, impermeable. 

Penetration. SVN. Discernment, ob- 
servation, sagacity, acuteness, dis- 
crimination, insight, sharpness. 

ANT. Indiscernment, dulness. indis- 
crimination, stolidity, hebetude,short- 
sightedness, shallowness, obtuseness. 

Penitence. SYN. Repentance, contri- 
tion, sorrow, remorse. 

ANT. Congratulation, self-approval, 
obduracy, hard-heartedness. 

Penitent [See PENITENTIAL]. 

Penitential. SYN. Wailing, mourn- 
ful, dirgeful, sorrowful, contrite, pen- 

ANT. Impenitent, hard-hearted, ob- 

Pensive. SYN. Meditative, ruminat- 
ing, thoughtful, musing, reflective, 
impressed, melancholy, sober, de- 

ANT. Vacant, joyous, unreflecting, 
careless, thoughtless, unmeditative, 
incogitaut. uureflective. 

Penurious. SYN. Niggardly, par- 
simonious, avaricious, griping, miser- 
ly, close-fisted, sordid, stingy. 

ANT. Liberal, open-handed, bounti- 

Penury. SYN. Wart, privation, pov- 
erty, indigence, impecuniosity, desti- 
tution, beggary. 

ANT. Competence,wealth,affluence, 

People. SYN. Nation, community, 
populace, mob, crowd, vulgar, herd, 
mass, persons, inhabitants, common- 
alty, fellow-creatures, tribe, race. 

ANT. Aristocracy, nobility, govern- 
ment, ruler, oligarchy. 

Perceivable. SYN. Cognizable, ap- 
preciable, perceptible, sensible, dis- 

ANT. Incognizable, inappreciable, 
imperceptible, insensible, indistin- 

Perceive. SYN. Discern, distinguish, 
descry, observe, feel, touch, see, re- 
cognize, understand, know. 

ANT. Miss, misobserve, overlook, 
misunderstand, misconceive, misper- 

Perceptible [See PERCEIVABLE]. 

Perception. SYN. Cognizance, appre- 
hension, sight, understanding, dis- 

ANT. Incognizance, ignorance, im- 
perception, misapprehension, misun- 

Perceptive. SYN. Cognitive, appre- 
hensive, sensitive, percipient. 

ANT. Reflective, reminiscent, in- 
sensible, impercipient, inobservant, 
iuapprehensive, insensitive. 

Percipient [See PERCEPTIVE]. 

Percolate. SYN. Strain, niter, exude, 
ANT. Absorb, retain [See OOZE]. 

Percussion. SYN, Collision, shock, 
encounter, crash, 

ANT. Graze, touch, recoil, rebound, 
repercussion, reverberation. 

Perdition. SYN. Destruction, ruin, 
loss, demolition, 

ANT. Restoration, recovery, reno- 
vation, rescue, salvation, 

Peregrination. SYN. Wandering, 

travel, perambulation, perenatiou. 

ANT. Domiciliatiou, residence, 

Peremptory. SYN. Decisive,, ex- 
press, absolute, authoritative, arbi- 
trary, dogmatical, imperious, despot- 
ic, positive. 

ANT. Suggestive, entreative, mild, 
postulatory. hortatory. 

Perennial. SYN. Perpetual, un- 
ceasing, unfailing, ceaseless, inces- 
sant, constant, permanent, uninter- 
mittent, continual, undying. 

ANT. Periodical, occasional, inter- 
mittent, failing, deficient, uncertain. 

Perfect. SYN. Consummate, com- 
plete, full, indeficient, immaculate, 
absolute, faultless, impeccable, infal- 
lible, unblemished, blameless, unex- 
ceptionable, mature, ripe. 

ANT. Incomplete, meagre, faulty, 
scant, short, deficient, defective, im- 
perfect, peccable, fallible, blemished, 
marred, spoilt. 

Perfection. SYN. Perfectness, com- 
pletion, consummation, wholeness, ex- 

ANT. Imperfection, incompletion, 

Perfectly. SYN, Fully, wholly, en- 
tirely, completely, totally, exactly, 

ANT. Imperfectly, incompletely, 
partially, inaccurately. 


Perfidious. SYN. False, treacher- 
ous, faithless, traitorous, deceptive, 
disloyal, insidious. 
ANT. True, staunch, faithful, 

Perforate. SYN. Bored, pierced, 
ANT. Unpierced, imperforate. 

Perform. SYN. Accomplish, do, act, 
transact, achieve, execute, discharge, 
fulfil, effect, complete, consummate, 

ANT. Miss, mar, misperform, mis- 
execute, botch, misenact, misconduct, 

Performance. SYN. Accomplish- 
ment, act, execution, deed, exploit, 
work, achievement, enterprise, opera- 
tion [See ACHIEVEMENT and DEED]. 

Perfume. SYN. Odor, scent, fra- 
grance, redolance, aroma, smell, in- 
ANT. Fetor, stench, stink. 

Perfunctory. SYN. Uninterested, 
routine, mechanical, careless, sloven- 

ANT. Interested, zealous, spirited, 
animated, ardent, assiduous, careful. 
Perhaps. SYN. Possibly, peradven- 
ture, perchance, may be. 

ANT. Certainly, inevitably. 
Peril. SYN. Danger, risk, hazard, 
jeopardy, insecurity, uncertainty, uu- 
safety, venture. 

ANT. Security, safety, certainty. 
Perilous. SYN. Hazardous, danger- 

ANT. Safe, secure, certain. 
Period. SYN. Time, date, epoch, era, 
age, duration, continuance, limit, 
bound, end, conclusion, determina- 

ANT. Eternity, datelessness, im- 
memoriality, infinity, perpetuity, il- 
limitability, endlessness, indefinite- 
ness, indeterminateness. 
Periodical. SYN. Stated, recurrent, 
regular, systematic, calculable. 

ANT. Indeterminate, eccentric, ir- 
regular, incalculable, spasmodic, fit- 

Perish. SYN. Decay, waste away, be 
ruined, be destroyed, die, expire, 
fade away [See DECAY]. 
Perlsuable. SYN. Frail, evanescent, 
fragile, destructible, fleeting, tran- 
sient, ephemeral, impermanent. 
ANT. Enduring, lasting, inde=true- 

192 PER 

ttble, imperishable, persistent, petV 
petual, permanent. 

Permanent [See PERISHABLE]. 

Permeable. SYN. Penetrable, per- 
vadible, percolable. 
ANT. Impenetrable, impermeable. 

Permeate [See PEBMEABLE]. 

Permissable. SYN. Allowable, suf- 
ferable. lawful. 

ANT. Unallowable, insufferable, un- 

Permission. SYN. Leave, license, 
dispensation, allowance, liberty, con- 
sent, sufferance, compliance, endur- 

ANT. Prohibition, refusal, denial, 
prevention, hinderance, resistance. 

Permit [See ALLOW]. 

Permutation. SYN. Interchange, 
transference, transposition. 

ANT. Stabilitation, retention, fixity, 
sequence, order, series, succession. 

Pernicious. SYN. Hurtful, harmful, 
noxious, deleterious, detrimental, de- 
structive, deadly, injurious, baneful. 
ANT. Beneficial, wholesome, innoc- 
uous, undetrinieutal, innocent, sal- 

Perpendicular. SYN. Vertical, up- 
right, standing upright. 
ANT. Horizontal. 

Perpetrate. SYN. Commit. 
ANT. Achieve, perfect. 

Perpetual. SYN. Constant, unceas- 
ing, endless, eternal, everlasting, un- 
failing, perennial.continual, enduring, 
incessant, uninterrupted. 

ANT. Inconstant, periodic, recur- 
rent, temporary, transient, falliog, 
exhaustible, occasional, momentary, 

Perpetuate [See PEBPETUAL,]. 
SYN. Continue, stabilitate, eternize. 
ANT. Discontinue, abolish, erad- 
icate, cancel, disestablish, break. 

Perpetuity. SYN. Constancy, per- 
manence, perennity, persistence, con- 
tinuity, fixity. 

ANT. Impermanence, transience, 
evanescence, discontinuance, casual- 
ty, momentariness. 

Perplex. SYN. Embarrass, puzzle, 
entangle, involve, encumber, compli- 
cate, confuse, bewilder, mystify, har- 
ass, entangle. 
ANT. Clear, enlighten, explicate^ 




disentangle, simplify, elucidate, dis- 

Perplexity. STN. Embarrassment, 
difficulty, uncertainty. 

ANT. Certainty, certitude, sure- 
ness [See DILEMMA]. 

Persecute. SVN. Harass, molest, an- 
noy, worry, vex. 

ANT. Encourage, inspirit, abet, 

Perserverance. SYN. Persistence, 
steadfastness, constancy, indefatiga- 
bleness, resolution, tenacity. 

ANT. Inconstancy, unsteadfastness, 
fitfulnoss, caprice, irresoluteness, va- 
cillation, wavering, indecision, varia- 
bleness, levity, volatility. 

Persevere. STN. Persist, insist, con- 
tinue, keep on. be steadfast, hold out 

Persist [See PEBSEVEBE]. 

Persistence [See PEBSEVEBASCE 

Person. SYN. Individual, special, pe- 
culiar, idiosyncratic. 
ANT. Generic, common. 

Persons. SYN. Men folks, people, 
beings, living souls, individuals. 
ANT. Single persons. 

Perspicacity. SYN. Acuteness, dis- 
cernment, sagacity, penetration. 

ANT. Hebetude, dullness, stolidity, 

Perspicuous [See LUCID and 

Perspicuity. SYN. Clearness, lucid- 
ity, transparency, intelligibility. 

ANT. Obscurity, turbidity, unintelli- 
gibility, mystification, coufusedness. 

Persuade. SYN. Induce, influence, 
incline, convince, dispose, urge, al- 
lure, incite. 

ANT. Deter, disincline, indispose, 
mispersuade, misinduce, coerce, com- 

Persuasion. SYN. Conviction, in- 
ducement, creed, belief, opinion, 

Pert. a. SYN. Flippant, saucy, impu- 
dent, forward. , 

ANT. Modest, retiring, bashful, de- 
mure, staid. 

Pertain to. SYN. Belong to, relate to, 
appertaiu to, regard, concern. 
ANT. Be foreign to. 

Pertinacious. SYN. Obstinate, per- 


eistent, wilful, dogged, persevering, 
determined, unyielding. 

ANT. Flexible, inconstant, irreso- 
lute, volatile. 

Pertinacity. SYN. Obstinacy, tena- 
ciousness, adherence, resoluteness. 

ANT. Irresoluteness, irresolution, 
indecision, hesitancy, vacillation, 

Pertinent. SYN. Related, connected, 
appertaining, appropriate, fit, appo- 
site, just, proper, congruous, applic- 

ANT. Unrelated,unconnected, alien, 
inappropriate, impertinent, incongru- 
ous, discordant, repugnant. 

Perturb [See AGITATE]. 

Pervade. SYN. Permeate, fill, satu- 
rate, color, tinge, fill, diffuse. 
ANT. Touch, affect. 

Perverse. SYN. Froward, untoward, 
stubborn, fractious, wayward, unman- 
ageable, intractable, crochety. 

ANT. Docile, ductile, amenable, 
governable, complacent, accommo- 
dating, pleasant, obliging. 

Perversion. SYN. Abuse, misrepre- 
sentation, distortion, corruption, mis- 
interpretation, caricature, sophistry. 

ANT. Use, conservation, represen- 
tation, right, truth, portraiture, mani- 
festation, explanation, interpretation, 
reason, correction, authentication, 

Pervert. SYN. Twist, distort, corrupt, 
falsify, misrepresent [See REPRE- 

Pervious. SYN. Penetrable, travers- 
able, explorable. 

ANT. Impenetrable.impervlous, im- 
pregnable, iuexplorable. 

Pest. SYN. Plague, nuisance, curse, an- 
uoynnce, blight, bone, scourge. 
ANT. Benefit, blessing, acquisition. 

Pester. SYN. Plague, worry, vex, 
harass, disquiet, annoy, tease, tor- 
ment, chafe, harry, badger, incom- 
mode, gall. 

ANT. Treat, regale, amuse, refresh, 
gratify, soothe. 

Pestiferous. STN. Insalubrious, pes- 
tilential, deleterious, mephitic, viru- 
lent, mortiferous, infectious, conta- 
gious, catching, lethal, morbific. 

ANT. (ifiiiiil, salubrious, balmy, 
salutiferous, sanitary, innocuous. 


remedial, wholesome, nutritive, pure, 
sanative, disinfectant. 

Pestilential. SY.V. Nxious,ruinous, 
deadly, deleterious, mischievous [See 

Pet. n. SYN. Darling, fondling, favor- 
ite, cosset, jewel, minion, idol. 

ANT. Horror, bugbear, aversion, 

Pet. v. [See FONDLE]. 

Petition. SYN. Supplication,entreaty, 
craving, application, appeal, saluta- 
tion, prayer, request, instance. 

ANT. Deprecation, expostulation, 
protect, command, injunction, claim, 
demand, requirement, exaction, dic- 

Petriiy. SYN. Astound, electrify, dis- 
may, horrify, appal, stun, stupefy, 
ANT. Reassure, tranquillize. 

Pettish. SYN. Petulant, testy, pee- 
vish, waspish, querulous. 

ANT. Easy, jovial, good-humored, 

Petty. SYN. Small, mean, paltry, ig- 
noble, trifling, narrow, trivial, con- 

ANT. Large, large-hearted, noble, 
generous, chivalrous, magnificent, 
liberal, broad. 

Petulant [See PEEVISH]. 

Phantasm. SYN. Chimera, phan- 
tasma, phantom, specter, illusion, de- 
lusion, unreality, phantasy, bugbear, 
vision, dream, hallucination, shadow. 
ANT. Reality, truth, fact, substance, 

Phantom [See PHANTASM], 

Pharisaical. SYN. Sanctimonious, 
formal, ceremonious, precision. 

ANT. Sincere, guileless, genuine, 
godly, unpharisaical. 

Philanthropic. SYN. Humane, 
large-hearted, public-spirited, charit- 
able, kind. 

ANT. Selfish, cynical, egotistical, 
morose, misanthropic. 

Philanthropy. SYN. Humanity, 
love of mankind, good will to all men, 
general benevolence. 
ANT. Misanthropy, hatred of men. 

Philosopher. SYN. Doctor, savant, 
teacher, master, schoolman. 

ANT. Ignoramus, sciolist, freshman, 
tyro, greenhorn, fool, booby, dunce. 

Philosophical. SYS. Wise, sound, 

194 PIE 

conclusive, scientific, accurate, en* 
lightened, rational, calm, unpreju- 

ANT. Unsound, crude, vague, loose, 
inaccurate, popular, unscientific, 
sciolistic, unphilosophical. 
Phlegmatic. SYN. Sluggish, cold, 
apathetical, dull, frigid, cold-blooded, 

ANT. Quick, lively, warm-Hooded, 

Phrensy. SYN. Madness, insanity, 
delirium, mania, raving, hallucina- 
tion, afflatus, inspiration. 

ANT. Sanity, sobriety, rationality, 

Physical. SYN. Natural, material, 
visible, tangible, substantial, corpo- 

ANT. Mental, moral, intellectual, 
spiritual, immaterial, invisible, in- 
tangible, unsubstantial, supernatural, 

Pick. SYN. Choose. cull,select, gather, 
pluck, eliminate, enucleate, extract, 

ANT. Reject, discard,repudiate, rel- 
egate, bunch, grasp, clutch. 
Pictorial. SYN. Illustrated, pictur- 
esque, artistic, imaginative, graphic. 

ANT. Plain, unembellished, un- 

Picture, n. SYN. Likeness, resem- 
blance, drawing, painting, representa- 
tion, image, engraving. 

ANT. Original. 
Picture, v. SYN. Delineate, draw, 

paint, represent [See REPRESENT]. 
Picturesque. SYN. Comely, seemly, 
graceful, scenic, artistic, pictorial, 

ANT. Unseemly, uncouth, rude, un- 
picturesque, beautiless, flat, tame, mo- 
notonous, dead. 

Pierce. SYN. Perforate, bore, drill, 
penetrate, excite, affect, rouse, touch, 
move, enter, stab, transfix. 

ANT. Deaden, quiet, blunt, soott, 
allay, lull, compose. 

Piercing. SYN. Penetrating, perfor- 
ating, sharp, keen, acute, thrilling 
[See ACUTE], 

Piety. SYN. Religion, devotion, god- 
liness, holiness, grace, reverence, 

ANT. Irreligion, impiety, ungodli- 
ness, einfulness, profanity, hypocrisy. 




formalism, sanctimoniousness, phari- 

Pile. SYN. Heap, accumulate, gather, 
store, stuck, nmuss, collect. 

ANT. Demolish, dissipate,squander, 
scatter, separate, disperse, deal, dis- 

Pilfer. STN. Abstract, peculate, filch, 
purloin, smuggle, cabbage, steal, 

ANT. Pillage, ransack, plunder,rifle, 

Pillage [See PILFER], 

Pillar. SYN. Column, shaft, post, sup- 

Pilot, v. SYN. Steer, guide, direct, 
conduct, lead, couvoy, escort [See 

Pimple. SYN. Pustule, blotch, erup- 

Pincli. n. [See EMERGENCY], 

I'i ncli. v. SYN. Squeeze, grip, press, 
compress, nip, distress [See GBIPE]. 

Pine, v. SYN. Waste away, droop, 
fade, wither, decline, decay, sink [See 

Pious. SYN. Devout, saintly, holy, re- 
ligious, godly [See DEVOUT]. 

Piquant. SYN. Pungent, sharp, live- 
ly, racy, severe, biting, cutting, 
smart, stimulating, keen, stinging, 

ANT. Tame, dull, flat, characterless, 

Pique. SYN. Grudge, offence, um- 
brage, spite, resentment (slight), 
wounded pride [See GRUDGE]. 

Pirate. SYN. Corsair, sea-robber, buc- 
caneer, free hooter, sea rover. 

Pit. SYN. Hollow, gulf, trench, excava- 
tion [See ABYSS]. 

Pitch. SYN. Throw, fling, cast, hurl 
[See FUNG]. 

Piteous. HYN. Sad, miserable, de- 
plorable, lamentable, distressing, 
doleful, pitiable, mournful, woful, 
affecting, sorrowful. 

ANT. Joyous, enviable, comfort- 
able, pleasant, desirable, delectable. 

Pitli. SYN. Kernel, marrow, gist, sub- 
stance , essence, cream, root. 

ANT. Surplusage, surroundings, 
dressing, verbiage. 

Pitliy. SYN. Terse, laconic, pregnant, 
expressive, nervous. 

ANT. Weak, characterless, diluted, 
pointless, flat, vapid. 

Pltiaulc [See PITEOUS]. 

Pitiful [See PITILESS]. 

Pitiless. SYN. Merciless, unsparing, 
inexorable, cruel. 

ANT. Pitiful, tender, merciful, com- 
passionate, lenient, iuduigeut. ^ 

Pittance. SYN. Itole, driblet, drop, 
drain, scantling. 

ANT. Exuberance, abundance, pro- 
fusion, lavishmeut. 

Pity. SYN. Mercy, compassion, ten- 
derness, commiseration, ruth, sym- 
pathy, condolence. 

A.NT. Cruelty, hardheartedness, re- 
lentlessness, pitilessuess, ruthless- 

Placard. SYN. Handbill, poster, bin, 

Place. SYN. Locate, assign, fix, es- 
tablish, settle, attribute, situate. 

ANT. Disturb, remove, unsettle, dis- 
arrange, disestablish, misplace, mis- 
attribute, misassign, uproot, trans- 
plant, extirpate, eradicate, transport. 

Placid. SYN. Calm, quiet, serene, 
composed, gentle, unruffled, still, hal- 
cyonic, unexcited, imperturbable, pas- 

ANT. Rough, troubled, unquiet, dis- 
composed, agitated, ruffled, disturbed, 
irritated, stormy, excited, Impas- 

Plain. SYN. Level, eveli, flat, smooth, 
open, clear, unencumbered, unob- 
structed, uninterrupted, manifest, evi- 
dent, obvious, unmistakable, simple, 
easy, natural, unaffected, homely, un- 
sophisticated, open, unvarnished, un- 
embellished, unreserved, artless. 

ANT. Uneven, undulating, rugged, 
rough, abrupt, broken, confused, en- 
cumbered, obstructed, interrupted, 
questionable, uncertain, dubious, am- 
biguous, enigmatical, hard, abstruse, 
affected, fair, beautiful, sophisticated, 
artful, varnished, embellished. 

Plaintive. SYN. Mournful, sorrow- 
ful, sad, doleful, melancholy, wailing, 
touching, moaning. 

ANT. Joyous, exultant, glad, jubi- 
lant, cheerful, cheering, gladdening. 

Plan. n. Design, drawing, sketch, 
draft, scheme, ground-plot, project, 
contrivance, statagem, device [See 

Plan. r. Contrive, devise, sketch out, 
design, hatcb [Set* fjowwv* 1 1. 




Plant. SYN. Set, insert, settle, estab- 
lish, introduce, stock, fix, place. 

ANT. Remove, extract, eradicate, 
extirpate, disestablish, transport, de- 
nude, transplant, displace. 

Plaster. SYN. Palliate, patch, ramp, 
tinker, cobble, bolster. 

ANT. Expose, repair, restore, reno- 
vate, redintegrate. 

Plastic. SYN. Ductile, pliant, yield- 
ing, malleable, tractile, flexible. 

ANT. Stubborn, unyielding, inert, 
unmalleable, inflexible, intractile. 

Platitude. SYN. Commonplace, gen- 
erality, truism, triviality. 

ANT. Sophism, laconism, enigma, 
dictum, oracle. 

Platonic. SYN. Cold, intellectual, un- 
seusual, mental, philosophical. 

ANT. Ardent, animal, sensual, pas- 
sionate, sexual. 

Plaudit [See APPLAUSE]. 

Plausible. SYN. Specious, superfi- 
cial, passable, unctuous, fair-spoken, 
pretentious, ostensible, right, appar- 
ently, colorable, feasible. 

ANT. Genuine, 8terlmg,transparent, 
unmistakable, profound. 

Play. n. SYN. Sport, pastime, amuse- 
ment, diversion, recreation, gambol, 
frolic, opportunity, scope, room [See 

Playful. SYN. Lively, sportive, jo- 
cund, frolicsome, gay, vivacious, 
sprightly [See LIVELY]. 

Plea. SYN. Excuse, vindication, justi- 
fication, ground, defence, apology, 

ANT. Charge, accusation, impeach- 
ment, action. 

Pleasant. SYN. Grateful, agreeable, 
acceptable, pleasurable, desirable, 
gratifying, cheerful, enlivening, spor- 
tive, delicious, delectable, jocular, 
satisfactory, exquisite, merry. 

ANT. Unpleasant, ungrateful, dis- 
agreeable, obnoxious, unacceptable, 
offensive, nnlively, lugubrious, dull, 

Please. SYN. Delight, content, glad- 
den, fascinate [See GRATIFY]. 

Pleasing [Sse AGREEABLE]. 

Pleasure. SYN. Enjoyment, gratifi- 
cation, sensuality, self-indulgence, 
voluptuousness, choice, preference, 
vill, inclination, purpose, determina- 
tion, favor, satisfaction, indulgent % 

ANT. Pain, suffering, affliction, 
trouble, asceticism, self-denial, absti- 
nence, disinclination, aversion, iiidit- 
position, denial, refusal. 
Plebeian. SYN. Low, vulgar, low- 
born, low-bred, coarse, ignoble. 

A>:T. Patrician, noble, aristocratic, 
refined, high-born, high-bred. 
Pledge, n. SYN. Security, guarantee, 
warrant, hostage, surety, pawn, earn- 

ANT. Word, promise, assurance, 

?ie ' 

Pledge, v. SYN. Pawn, hypothecate. 
ANT. Redeem. 

Plenary. SYN. Full, abundant, com- 
plete, entire, unreserved, unstinted, 

ANT. Partial,incomplete, restricted, 
reserved, contingent, temporary. 

Plenitude. SYN. Fulness, copious- 
ness, repletion, abundance, amplitude, 
exuberance, largeness, liberality, 
height, maximum, richness, complete- 

ANT. Scantiness, Insufficiency, re- 
striction, partiality, stint, narrowness, 
poverty, incompleteness, reserve^ 

Plentiful [See ABUNDANT]. 

Plenty. SYN. Enough,sufficiency, fuU 
supply, / profusion, copiousness [Seu 

Pleonastic. SYN. Redundant, super- 
fluous, surplus, inconcise. 

ANT. Requisite, necessary, essen- 
tial, terse, concise, succinct. 

Pliable. SYN. Flexible, supple, lim- 
ber, like, ductile, yielding, manage- 
able, facile, lithe, pliant. 

ANT. Stiff, stubborn, brittle, nn- 
bending, unyielding, unmanageable, 

Pliant [See PLIABLE]. 

Plight, n. SYN. Situation, condition^ 
predicament, difficulty, dilemma [See 

Plight, v. SYN. Vow, pledge. 

Plodding. SYN. Painstaking, indus- 
trious, persevering, laborious, studi- 

ANT. Indiligent, unindustrions, dis- 
tracted, inattentive, impatient, unper- 
severing, flighty, fitful. 

Plot. n. SYN. Scheme, plan, stratagem, 
combination, conspiracy, machinrt 
tiou I See SCHEME]. 

PLO 197 

Plot, v. SYN. Devise, concoct, con- 
spire, contrive, frame, batch [See 

Pluck j see COURAGE]. 

Pluck up. BIN. Eradicate, root out, 
exterminate [See ERADICATE]. 

Plump. SYN. Well-conditioned, well- 
rounded, chubby, strapping, bounc- 
ing, fleshy, brawny, full, fat, round, 
massive, portly. 

ANT. Ill-conditioned, lean, ema- 
ciated, scragfcy, weazen, nmcilent, lank, 
raw-boned, shrivelled, flaccid, tabid. 

Plunder f See PILLAGE J. 

Plunge. SYN. Dip, dive, douse, duck, 
submerge, immerse, precipitate, sink, 
overwhelm, thrust under, pitch head- 

ANT. Emerge, issue, soar, raise, ex- 
tricate, rescue. 

Plurality. SYN. Multitude, mnlti- 
tudinousness, number, uumerousness, 
profusion, host, legion, collection. 

ANT. Unity, singularity, oneness, 
solitude, individuality, singleness, iso- 

Ply. SYN. Work, urge, practice, exer- 
cise, apply steadily [See URGE]. 

Poet. SYN. Bard, singer, rhymer, 
rhymster, author of poems. 

Poetical. SYN. Metrical, rythmic, ver- 
sified, lyric, rhyming, imaginative, 
creative, romantic, fictitious, dreamy, 

ANT. TTnmetrical, unrythmical, pro- 
saic, unpoetical, unversifled, unim- 
aginative, commonplace, historical, 
mathematical, logical, matter-of-fact, 
veracious, sober. 

Poignant. SYN.Stingiug,sharp,keen, 
penetrating, severe, biting, iuteuse, 
piercing [See KEEN]. 

Point, v. SYN. Aim, level, direct, 
show, indicate [ See INDICATE] . 

Point, n. SYN. Apex, top, summit, 
sharp end, aim, purpose, subject mat- 
ter, object [See ACME]. 

Pointed. SYN. Peaked, keen, sharp, 
marked, severe, telling [See KEEN]. 

Pointless, a. SYN. Vague, vapid, aim- 
less, inexpressive, feeble. 

ANT. Close, sharp, telling,pregnant, 
significant, expressive, forcible, epi- 

Poise [See BALANCE"]. 

Poison. SYN. Vitiate, taint, infect, 
envenom, pollute. 


ANT. Purify, disinfect, depurate. 

Poisonous. SYN. Venomous, infect 
ant, vicious, corruptive, vitiative, 
noxious, baneful, malignant, morbific, 
peccant, virulent, pestiferous, me- 
phitic, deleterious. 

ANT. Wholesome, genial, beneficial, 
sanative, invigorative, healthful, in- 
noxious, restorative, remedial, hy- 

Policy. SYN. Plan, device, system, 
prudence, management, cunning [See 

Polish. SYN. Burnish, furbish, levi- 
gate, brighten, refine, make glossy. 
ANT. Abrade, scratch. 

Polite. SYN. Elegant, refined, well- 
bred, court eous,obHging,complaisant, 
civil, courtly, polished, geuteel, ac- 

ANT. Awkward, rude, uncouth, ill- 
bred, discourteous, boorish, clownish, 

Politeness. SYN. Courtesy, refine- 
ment, good breeding, court eou^ness, 
urbanity, civility,gentility [See COUR- 

Politic. SYN. Prudent, wlse,sagacious, 
l> nvuient, diplomatic, judicious, cun- 
ning, wary, well devised, discreet 

ANT. Imprudent, unwise, improvi- 
dent, undiplomatic, impolitic. 

Pollute. SYN. Befoul, taint, poison, 
corrupt, tarnish, stain, contaminate, 
soil, vitiate, deprave. 
ANT. Purify,clarify, disinfect, filter. 

Poltroon. SYN. Scoundrel, coward, 
hound, skulk, dastard. 

ANT. Hero, philanthropist, gentle- 
man, benefactor, model, example. 

Pommel. SYN. Beat, thump, baste, 
thrash, strike, cudgel. 
ANT. Smooth, caress, pat, stroke. 

Pomp. SYN. Ostentation, magnifi- 
cence, parade, ceremony, show, dis- 
play, gorgeousness, grandeur, splen- 
dor, pageantry, publicity. 

ANT. Quiet, retirement, simplicity, 
unceremoniousness, unadornment, 
privacy, plainness. 

Pompous. SYN. Magnificent, gor- 
geous, splendid, showy, sumptuous, 
ostentatious, stately, lofty, grand, 
bombastic, turgid, stiff, Inflated, pre- 
tentious, coxcombical, assuming. 
ANT. Unpretending, unobtrusive, 



modest, unassuming; plain-mannered, 
humble-minded . 

Ponder. SYN. Think over, meditate 
on, weigh, consider, cogitate, de iber- 
ate, ruminate, reflect, amuse, study, 
resolve [See CONSIDER]. 

Ponderable. SYN. Appreciable, de- 
terminable, palpable. 

ANT. Inappreciable,indetenninable, 
impalpable, imponderable. 

Ponderous. Weighty, bulky, mas- 
sive, burdensome, heavy, onerous. 

ANT. Light, trifling, airy, volatile, 

Poor. SYN. Indigent, moneyless, im- 
pecunious, penniless, weak, meagre, 
insufficient, deficient, faulty, unsatis- 
factory, inconsiderable, thin, scanty, 

ANT. Eich, wealthy, copious, afflu- 
ent, abundant, liberal, large, ample, 
moneyed, sufficient, satisfactory, con- 

Popular. SIN. Common, current, 
vulgar, public, general, received, la- 
vorite, beloved, prevailing, approved, 
wide-spread, liked. 

ANT. Exclusive,restricted, scientific, 
esoteric, unpopular, odious, detested. 

Populous. SYN. Crowded, dense, 
swarming, thronged. 

ANT. Deserted, thin, scanty, unfre- 
quented, unoccupied, uninhabited. 

Porch. SYN. Portico, vestibule [See 

Porous. SYN. Foraminous, pervious, 
permeable, percolable. 

ANT. Impervious, impermeable, im- 

Port. SYN. Haven, harbor, mien.bear- 
ing, demeanor, carriage, deportment, 
air [See DEPORTMENT and MLEN]. 

Portable. SYN. Movable, haLdy, 
manageable, light. 

ANT. Ponderous, immovable, awk- 
ward, unmanageable, unhandy. 

Portal. SYN. Gate, entrance, gate- 
way [See ENTRANCE]. 

Portend. SYN. Indicate, threaten, 
prognosticate, forbode, augur, pre- 
sage, herald, foreshow, betoken. 

ANT. Contradict, negative, preclude, 
forefend, nullify, contravene, avert. 

Portentous. SYN. Indicative, sug- 
gestive, threatening, prophetic, pre- 
dictive, ominous, premonitory. 

A.NT. Auspicious, hopeful, cheer- 


ing, assuring, animating, encourag- 
ing, joyous. 

Portion [See PART]. 

Portly. SYN. Dignified, burly, im- 
posing, stately, corpulent, stout, 

ANT. Undignified, unimposing, 

Portray. SYN. Draw, delineate, 
represent, depict, describe, sketch, 

ANT. Misrepresent, caricature, mis- 

Pose. SYN. Puzzle, perplex, bewild- 
er, dumbfounder, mystify, embarrass, 
daze, confound. 

ANT. Enlighten, unmystify. indoc- 
trinate, initiate. 

Position [See SITUATION]. 

Positive. SYN. Beal, actual, sub- 
stantial, absolute, independent, un- 
conditional, unequivocal, explicit, 
fixed, settled, definitive, indisputable, 
decisive, express, enacted, assured, 
confident, direct, dogmatic, overbear- 
ing, dogmatical. 

ANT. Negative, insubstantial, un- 
real, fictitious, imaginary, relative, 
contingent, dependent, conditional, 
implied, dubious, questionable, mor- 
al, uncertain, doubtful, indirect, oc- 
casional, suspicious. 

Possess. SYN. Occupy, enjoy, have, 
hold, entertain, own. 

ANT. Abandon, renounce, abjure, 
surrender, lose, forfeit, resign. 

Possession. SYN. Holding, owner- 
ship, tenure, occupation. 

ANT. Abandoning, renouncing, re- 
signing, surrendering. 

Possible. SYN. Practicable, feasi- 
ble, likely, potential. 
ANT. Impracticable, impossible. 

Possibly. SYN. Perhaps, perchance, 
uaply, maybe [See PERHAPS]. 


Posterior. SYN. Later, subsequent. 
ANT. Earlier, precedent, antece- 
dent, prior. 

Posterity. SYN. Futurity. 
ANT. Ancestry. 

Postpone. SYN. Defer, delay, pro- 
rogue, procrastinate. 

ANT. Expedite, despatch, acceler- 

Postulate. SYN. Assume, presup- 

POS 199 

ANT. Prove, elaborate, exemplify, 

Posture [See SITUATION], 

Potent. SYN. Powerful, efficacious, ef- 
fective, active, strong, energetic. 

ANT. Weak, impotent, inefficient, 
ineffective, inactive, fruitless, inoper- 

Potential. SYN. Possible, implicit, un- 
developed, germiiiative, immanent, 

ANT. Actual, explicit, developed, 
objective, real, express. 

Pound. SYN. Imprison, cage, coop. 
ANT, Discharge, liberate, release. 

Pound. SYN. Beat, bruise, pulverize, 

ANT. Soothe, stroke, amalgamate, 

Poverty. SYN. Want, need, indigence, 
destitution [See WANT], 

Power. SYN. Faculty, capacity, capa- 
bility, potentiality, ability, strength, 
force, might, energy, susceptibility, 
influence, dominion, sway, command, 
government, agency, authority, rule, 
jurisdiction, effectiveness. 

A.NT. Incapacity, incapability, im- 
potence, inability, weakness, imbecil- 
ity, inertness, insusceptibility, subjec- 
tion, power lessness, obedience, sub- 
servience, ineffectiveness. 

Powerful. SYN. Strong, potent, pu- 
issant, masterful, mighty [See 

Practicable. SYN. Possible, feasible, 

ANT. Impossible, impracticable, un- 

Practical. SYN. Useful, serviceable, 
skilled, trained [See USEFUL]. 

Practically. SYN. Really, actually, 
substantially, in fact, in effect [See 

Practice, n. SYN. Usage, habit, exer- 
cise, experience, exercitation, action, 
custom, manner, performance. . 

ANT. Disuse, dishabituation, Inex- 
perience, theory, speculation, nonper- 

Practise, v. SYN. Perform, exercise, 
deal in, carry on [See PERFORM]. 

Practised. SYN. Trained, experi- 
enced, proficient, accomplished [See 

Pragmatical. SYN. Over-busy, fus- 


sy, consequential, officious, meddle- 

ANT. Reserved, uninterfering, dis- 
tant, unconcerned, inobtrusive, un- 
medlesoiue, inofficious. 

Praise, r. SYN. Eulogize, laud, com- 
mend, honor, glorify, compliment,cele- 
brate, puff, extol, applaud, panegyr- 

ANT. Blame, censure, discommend, 

Praise [See APPROBATION]. 

Praiseworthy. SYN. r-onunendable, 
laudable, meritorious, honorable, 

ANT. Blameable, censureable, rep- 

Prank. SYN. Caper, antic, capricious 
action, frolic, trick, gambol, escapade, 
freak [See FROLIC]. 

Prate. SYN. Babble, prattle, chat, 
chatter, tattle, gossip [See BABBLE]. 

Pray. SYN. Beg, beseech, entreat, 
implore, solicit, supplicate, adjure, 
invoke, crave [See BKSEECHJ. 

Prayer. SYN. Petition, supplication, 
entreaty, orison, benediction, suit, 
request [See BENEDICTION]. 

Preamble. SYN. Preface, introduc- 
tion, exordium, opening, introduc- 
tory, part. 

ANT. Close, termination, perora- 
tion, finale, conclusion. 

Precarious. SYN. Hazardous, peril, 
ous, uncertain, riskful, unassured, in- 
secure, dubious, doubtful. 

ANT. Assured, certain, systematic, 
safe, immutable. 

Precaution. SYN. Forethought, pro- 
vision, premunition, anticipation, pre- 
arrangement, cnre, providence. 

ANT. Carelessness, thoughtlessness, 

Precede. SYN. Lead, introduce, her- 
ald, go before, usher, head. 
ANT. Succeed, follow. 

Precedence. SYN. Superiority, lead, 
priority, preference, antecedence, su- 
premacy, pre-eminence. 

ANT. Inferiority, sequence, subor- 
dination, posteriority. 

Precedent. SYN. Anterior, prior, 
ANT. Subsequent, posterior, Inter. 

Precedent, n. SYN. Instance, exam- 
ple, authority, warrant, antecedent, 




ANT. Prohibition, diswarrant, dis- 

Preceding. SYN. Precedent, former, 
foregoing, prior, previous, antece- 
dent, anterior [See ANTERIOR] . 

Precept. SYN. Rule, maxim, injunc- 
tion, commandment, doctrine, direc- 
tion, law, mandate, principle, instruc- 
tion, command, order. 

ANT. Suggestion, prompting, insti- 
gation, impulse. 

Preceptor. STN. Master, teacher, 
pedagogue, tutor, instructor, school- 

ANT. Pupil, learner, scholar, stu- 

Precinct, Precincts. SYN. Pur- 
lieus, environs, limit, bounds, boun- 
dary, confine, district. 
ANT. Heart, centre, nucleus. 

Precious. SYN. Dear, valuable, cost- 
ly, cherished, treasured, beloved, es- 
timable, of great value. 

ANT. Cheap, valueless, worthless, 
unvalued, disesteemed, unapprecia- 
ted, vile. 

Precipice. SYN. Cliff, crag, steep de- 
scent, headlong, steep [See ABYSS]. 

Precipitate [See RASH]. 

Precipitous. SYN. Steep, headlong, 
abrupt, sheer, perpendicular, beetling, 
rash, dangerous. 

ANT. Shallow, graduated, inclined, 

Precise. SYN. Definite, exact, nice, 
pointed, accurate, correct, particular, 
formal, explicit, scrupulous, terse, 
punctilious, ceremonious, formal. 

ANT. Indefinite, vague, inexact, 
rough, inaccurate, loose, circumlocu- 
tory, ambagious, tortuous, informal, 

Precision. SYN. Exactness, nicety, 
precisensss, accuracy [See ACCURA- 

Preclude. SYN. Prevent, obviate, 
bar, debar, impede, hinder. 

ANT. Admit, promote, further, ad- 

Precocious. SYN. Premature, prede- 
veloped, over-forward. 

ANT. Tardy, backward, s ow-grow- 
tog, crude. 

Precognltion. GYN. Foresight, fore- 
ANT. Reflection, recollection. 

Preconception. SYN. Forethought, 
anticipation, fore-understanding. 

AST. Copy, portraiture, observa- 
tion, vision, representation, delinea- 

Preconcerted. SYN. Prearranged, 
concocted, prepared, premeditated. 

ANT. Extemporized, unprepared, 
unconcocted, unpremeditated. 

Precursor. SYN. Forerunner,harbin- 
ger, herald, pioneer, advance-guard, 

ANT. Follower, consequent, result, 
effect, event. 

Precursory. SYN. Prevenient, ante- 
cedent, introductory, prefatory, ini- 
tiatory, prior, premonitory, prog- 

ANT. Subsequent, consequent, pos- 
terior, entailed, supervenient, event- 

Predaceons. SYN. Ravenous, rapa- 
cious, carnivorous. 

ANT. Innocuous, herbivorous, gram- 

Predatory. SYN. Pillaging, plunder- 
ing, marauding, rapacious, greedy, 

AST. Ouarding, keeping, watching, 
protecting [See RAPACIOUS]. 

Predecessor. SYN. Ancestor, fore- 
runner, elder. 
ANT. Posterity, junior, successor. 

Predestination. SYN. Foreordain- 
ment, foredoom, necessity, fate, elec- 
tion, preordination, predetermina- 

ANT. Free-will, freedom, volition, 
choice, spontaneity. 

Predicament. SYN. Difficulty, try. 
ing position, state, condition, dilem- 
ma, situation [See DILEMMA]. 

Predicate, v. SYN. Assert, aver, 
affirm, declare [See ASSERT]. 

Predict. SYN. Prophesy, foretell, 
forecast, prognosticate, forebode, fore- 
shadow [See FORETELL.]. 

Prediction. SYN. Prophecy, prog- 
nostication, vaticination, fore-an- 
nouncement, premonstration, fore- 
telling, forebodement, presage, au- 
gury, foreshowing. 

ANT. Narration-, relation, history, 
account, report. 

Predilection. PYN. Prepossession, 
preference, leaning, liking, fondness, 

PEE 201 

bias, inclination, predisposition, ten- 
dency, prejudice, partiality. 

ANT. Prejudice, aversion, inrnnposi- 
tion, antipathy, disiuelmatkm,apathy . 

Predisposition [See PREDILEC- 

Predominance. SYN. Prevalence, 
superiority, ascendancy, rule. 

ANT. Inferiority, subjection, mi- 
nority, paucity. 

Predominant. SYN. Prevailing, as- 
cendant, prevalent, superior, over- 
ruling [See SUPERIOR], 

Pre-eminent. SYN. Paramount, pre- 
dominant, egregious, consummate, 

ANT. Subordinate, inferior, minor, 

Preface. STN. Introduction, proem, 
prelude, prologue, preamble, pre- 

ANT. Peroration, sequel, appendix, 
epilogue, postscript. 

Prefatory. SYN. Introductory, pre- 
clusive, initiative, preliminary, an- 
tecedent, preveuient, proemial. 

ANT. Subsequent, concluding, ter- 
minal, peroratioaal. 

Prefer. SYN. Choose, elect, select, 
fancy, promote, advance, further. 

ANT. Reject, postpone, defer, with- 
hold, degrade, depress. 

Preferment. SYN. Dignity, promo- 
tion, benefice, advancement, exalta- 

ANT. Degradation, deprivation, sus- 

Preflguratloii. SYN. Type, adum- 
ANT. Antitype, fulfillment. 

Prefix. SYN. Preface. 

ANT. Append, subjoin, suffix, sup- 
plement, add. 

Pregnant. SYN. Procreant, genera- 
tive, prolific, teeming, significant, 
fraught, fruitful, replete, with child, 

ANT. Sterile, unproductive, barren, 
void, meaningless. 

Pregnable. SYN. Weak, exposed, 
pxpugnable, defenceless. 
ANT. Impregnable, inexpugnable. 

Prejudice. SYN. Prepossession, pre- 
judgraent, predisposition, bias, un- 
fairness, injury, harm, impairment, 


detriment, partiality, disadvantage, 

ANT. Judgment, fairness, impar- 
tiality, advantage. 

Pre-iidtcial. SYN. Harmful, hurtful, 
injurious, disadvantageous [See 

Preliminary. SYN. Previous, pro- 
emial, precursive, prelusory, antece- 
dent, preparatory. 

ANT. Subsequent, consequent, fol- 

Prelude. SYN. Introduction, prepa- 
ration, preface, proem, preli*ion, 
overture [See PREFACE], 
ANT. Sequel, conclusion. 

Premature. SYN. Hasty, crude, un- 
authenticated, untimely, precocious, 
precipitate, too early, rash, unseason- 

ANT. Ripe, timely, seasonable, op- 

Premeditate. SIN. Plan, propose, 
plot, prearrange, prepare, precom- 
pose, preconcert. 

ANT. Extemporize, hazard. 

Premeditation. SYN. Forethought, 

ANT. Without forethought, without 

Premise. STN. Announce, forestate, 

ANT. Add, append, infer, gather, 
supplement, subjoin. 

Premises. SYN. Antecedent, ground. 
ANT. Consequent, inference, de- 
duction, conclusion. 

Premium. SYN. Reward.guerdon, en- 
couragement, douceur, enhancement, 
bribe, recompense, bonus, prize, 

ANT. Penalty, fine, amercement, 
mulct, forfeit, depreciation. 

Preordain. SYN. Foreordain, pre- 
determine, foredoom, predestine. 

Preparation. SYN. Provision, mak- 
ing rrady. 

ANT. Without preparation, without. 

Preparatory [See PRELIMINARY]. 

Prepare. SYN. Fit, adapt, qualify, ad. 
just, provide, arrange, order, lay, 
plan, equip, furnish, make ready. 

ANT. Misfit, misadapt, misprovide, 
derange, disarrange, demolish, sub- 
vert, disconeert. 

Preponderant. SYN. Outweighing, 




overcoming, superior [See SUPE- 

Preponderate. STN. Predominate, 
prevail, overbalance, outweigh, out- 

ANT. Fail, sink, succumb. 
Prepossessing. STN. Attraetive, al- 
luring, charming, winning, taking, 

ANT. Repulsive, unattractive, sinis- 

Preposterous. STN. Monstrous, ex- 
orbitant, unreasonable, absurd, irra- 
donal, foolii-h, ridiculous. 

AST. Just, due, fair, reasonable, 
moderate, right, judicious, orderly, 

Prerogative. STN. Eight, privilege, 

ANT. Disqualification, disfranchise- 

Presage, n. STN. Omen, indication, 
prognostic, premonition. 

ANT. Fuiailment,event, occurrence, 

Presage, r. STN. Predict, foresee, 
roreteil, prognosticate, betoken, por- 
:eud, threaten, augur [See PORTEND]. 
Prescribe. STN. Enjoin, order, im- 
pose, recommend, indicate, decree, 

ANT. Inhibition,prohibit,discounte- 
uance, discommend. 

Prescription. STN. Direction, or- 
ier, recipe, usage, custom [See CUS- 

Presence. STN. Nearness, influence, 
jitercourse, closeness. 

ANT. Remoteness, absence, separa- 
tion, distance. 

Present, a. STN. At hand, existing, 
not absent, nigh, instant, immediate, 
current [See ABSENT]. 
Present, n. STN. Donation, gift, of- 
fering, grant, benefaction [See BENE- 

Present, r . STN. Give, offer, bestow, 
introduce, exhibit, confer upon [See 

Presentation. STN. Introduction, 
exhibition, offer, delivery, gift, dona- 
tion, bestowal, grant, endowment. 

ANT. Withdrawal, removal, conceal- 
ment, suppression, retention, with- 
holding, refusal, nonpresentation. 
Presentiment. STN. Foreboding, 

foretaste, forethought, prescience, 
forecast, anticipation. 

ANT. Surprise, inexpectancy, mis- 

Presently. STN. Shortly,soon, imme- 
diately, directly [See DIKECTLTJ. 

Preservation. STN. Safety,securitv, 
conservation, integrity, protection, 
nurture, guardianship, care. 

ANT. Abandonment,exposure, peril, 
insecurity, impairment,] nfringement, 
injury, damage. 

Preserve. STN. Defend, guard, save, 
keep safe, uphold, protect, maintain, 
rescue, spare [See PBOTECT]. 

Preside. SYS. Manage, superintend, 
direct, control, govern [See MANAGE], 

President. STN. Chairman, moder- 
ator, principal, superintendent. 

ANT. Member, subordinate, constit- 
uent, corporation, society, ward, in- 

Press, v. STN. Urge, crowd, compel, 
force, squeeze, crush, compress, ex- 
press, constrain, hurry, instigate, in- 
culcate, impress, throng, encroach, 
lean, weigh, harass. 

ANT. Relax, inhibit, persuade, en- 
tice, allure, solicit, touch,skim, graze, 
free, liberate, ease, avoid, relieve. 

Pressing. STN. Urgent compulsory, 

ANT. Unimportant, slight, trivial, 

Pressure, n. STN. Exigency, urgency, 
constraining, hurry, influence [See 

Presume. STN. Suppose, anticipate, 
apprehend, venture, take for granted, 
conjecture, believe, deem. 

ANT. Infer, deduce, prove, argue, 
retire, withdraw, hesitate, distrust. 

Presumption. STN. Anticipation, 
supposition, hypothesis, probability, 
assumption, understanding, condition, 
concession, forwardness, arrogance, 
audacity, boldness. 

ANT. Proof, deduction, inference, 
demonstration, verification, fact, cer. 
tainty, modesty, diffidence, backward- 
ness, bashfulness, hesitation. 

Presumptive. STN. Probable, an 
ANT. Demonstrative, established. 

Presumptuous. STN. Presuming 
bold, over-confident, forward, rashly 

PRE 203 

confident, arrogant, bold, i-ash, irrev- 
erent, wilful, foolhardy [See RASH], 

Presuppose. SYN. Presume, assume, 
postulate, surmise. 

ANT. Prove, establish, infer,deduce, 
argue, demonstrate. 

Pretence. SYN. Excuse, pretext, fab- 
rication, simulation, cloak, mask, 
color, show, garb, plea, assumption, 
make believe, outside show, preten- 

ANT. Verity, reality, truth, sim- 
plicity, candor, guilelessness, open- 
ness, veritableness, actuality, fact. 

Pretend. SYN. Feign, aimilate, offer, 
allege, exhibit, propound, affect, pro- 

ANT. Verify, unmask, detect, test, 
substantiate, refute. 

Pretentloii. SYN. Claim, show, pre- 
tence, demand, profession, alleged 
right [See PRETENCE and CI^AIM_|. 

Pretext [See PRETENCE], 

Pretty, a. SYN. Handsome,attractive, 
neat, trim, tasteful, pleasing, beauti- 
ful, fine, comely [See ATTRACTIVE and 

Pretty, adv. SYN. Moderately, toler- 

Prevail. SYN. Predominate, over- 
come, obtain, succeed, be in force, 
induce, persuade [See CONQUER]. 

Prevailing. SYN. Controlling, ruling, 
influential, operative, predominant, 
prevalent, rife, ascendant, most gen- 
eral, most common. 

ANT. Mitigated, diminishing, sub- 
ordinate, powerless. 

Prevalence. SYN. Custom, power, 
influence, operation, extension, pre- 
dominance, superiority, influence, ef- 
ficacy, preponderance. 

ANT. Disuse, desuetude, obsolete- 
ness, decay, evanescence, disappear- 
ance, mitigation, subordination, col- 
lapse,abandonment,abolition, diminu- 
tion, subsidence, subjection. 

Prevaricate. SYN. Shuffle, quibble, 
equivocate, palter, sophisticate, 

ANT. Affirm, asseverate, maintain, 

Prevenlent. SYN. Preliminary,pref- 
atory, antecedent, initiatory, intro- 

ANT. Subsequent, consequent, fol- 
lowing, attending. 


Prevent. SYN. Hinder, obstruct, bar, 
neutralize, nullify, thwart, intercept, 
anticipate, forefend, frustrate, obvi- 
ate, checkmate. 

ANT. Promote, aid, facilitate, ex- 
pedite,encourage, advance,accelerate, 
induce, cause, produce. 
Prevention. SYN. Obstruction, 
stoppage, interruption, hinderance. 

AKT. Help, aid, succor,acceleration. 
Previous. SYN. Antecedent, prior, 
preceding, anterior, foregoing, form- 
er, earlier. 

ANT. Subsequent, posterior, suc- 
ceeding, following, later. 
Prey. SYN. Spoil, booty, plunder, 
rapine, pillage, victim, seizure, loot. 

ANT. Earnings, uues, rights. 
Price. SYN. Cost, figure, charge, ex- 
pense, compensation, value, appraise- 
ment, worth. 

ANT. Donation, discount, allow- 
ance, remittance, abatement. 
Priceless. SYN. Inestimable, invalu- 
able, precious. 

ANT. Cheap, valueless. 
Pride. SYN. Loftiness, haughtiness, 
lordliness, self-exaltation, arrogance, 
conceit, vainglory. 

ANT. Lowliness, meekness, mod- 
esty, self-distrust. 

Priggish. SYX. Coxcombical, dandi- 
fled, foppish, affected, prim, con- 

ANT. Plain, sensible, unaffected, 
simple-minded, simple-mannered. 
Prim. SYN. Formal, precise, demure, 
starched, stiff, self-conscious, unbend- 
ing, priggish. 

ANT. Unformal, easy, genial, un- 
affected, natural, free, naive. 
Primary. SYN. First, original, earli- 
est, elementary, chief, principal, im- 
portant, leading, primitive, pristine. 
ANT. Secondary, subordinate, pos- 
terior, unimportant, inferior, subse- 
quent, later [See PRINCIPAL]. 
Prime, n. SYN. Zenith, culmination, 
perfection, dawn, spring, cream, 

ANT. Decadence, wane, evening, ref- 
use, winter, decay. 

Prime, a. SYN. Excellent, super- 
excellent, first-rate, perfect, consum- 
ANT. Inferior, impaired, waning, 

PEI 204 

deteriorated, ordinary, second-rate, 

Primeval. SYN. Archaic, primordial, 
indigenous, autochthon ic, aboriginal, 

ANT. Subsequent, recent, modern, 
imported, adventitious. 

Primitive. SYN. Old-fashioned, pri- 
meval, ^quaint, simple, unsophistica- 
ted, archaic, pristine. 

ANT. Modern, new-fangled, sophis- 
ticated, modish. 

Primordial [See PRIMEVAL]. 

Princely. SYB. Imperial, munificent, 
magnificent, superb, august, regal, 
royal, supreme. 

ANT. Beggarly, mean, niggardly, 

Principal. SYN. Highest, first, main, 
leading, chief, primary, foremost, 
pre-eminent, prominent. 

ANT. Inferior, subordinate, sec- 
ondary, supplemental, subject, aux- 
iliary, minor. 

Principle. SYN. Source, origin, mo- 
tive, cause, energy, substance, ele- 
ment, power, faculty, truth, tenet, 
law, doctrine, axiom, maxim, postu- 
late, rule. 

ANT. Exhibition, manifestation, ap- 
plication, development, issue, exer- 
cise, operation, formation, action. 

Prior. SYN. Preceding, previous, 
former, an tecedent,preced en t, earlier, 
anterior, foregoing [see POSTERIOR]. 

Prismatic. SYN. Iridescent, opales- 
cent, polychromatous. 
ANT. Achromatic, colorless. 

Pristine [See PRIMEVAL and PRIMI- 

Privacy. SYN. Retirement, secrecy, 
solitude, seclusion, retreat, conceal- 

.ANT. Publicity, currency, notoriety, 

Private. SYN. Special, peculiar, in- 
dividual, secret, not public, retired, 

ANT. 'General, public, open, uncon- 

Privation. SYN. Deprivation, desti- 
tution, absence, negation, loss, be- 
reavement, hardship, want. 

ANT. Accession, supply, restoration, 
benefaction, restitution, presence, 
compensation, recovery, privilege. 

Privilege. SYN. Prerogative, im- 


munity, franchise, right, liberty, ad- 
vantage, claim, exemption. 

ANT. Disfranchisement, disqualifi- 
cation, exclusion, prohibition, inhibi- 

Privy. SYN. Secret, clandestine, cog- 
nizant of, acquainted with. 

ANT. Open, unsealed, not acquainted 
with, not cognizant of [See PRIVATE]. 

Prize, n. SYN. Booty, spoil, plunder, 
prey, forage, trophy, laurels, guer- 
don, premium, honors, ovation, palm. 
ANT. Loss, forfeiture, fine, penalty, 
amercement, sacrifice, disappoint- 
ment, failure, brand, stigma, infamy, 

Prize, v. [See VALUE.] 

Probability. SYN. Likelihood, pre- 
sumpton, verisimilitude, chance, ap- 

ANT. Unliklihood, improbability, 
Impossibility, inconceivableness. 

Probable. SYN. Likely, presumable, 
credible, reasonable. 

ANT. Unlikely, unreasonable, in- 
cred ble. 

Probation. SYN. Essay, examina- 
tion, test, trial, experiment, proof, 
criterion, touchstone, ordeal, verifica- 

ANT. License, irresponsibility, non- 

Probe. SYN. Prove, test, scrutinize, 
verify, investigate, examine, search, 
silt, explore. 

ANT. Skim, misinvestigate, blink, 
misexamine, slur, miss, gloss. 

Probity. SYN. Soundness, virtue, in- 
tegrity, honesty, uprightness, recti- 
tude, principle, conscientiousness. 

ANT. Dishonesty, disintegrity. un- 
soundness, vice, unconscientiousness, 
roguery, rascality. 

Problematical. SYN. Dubious, 
questionable, uncertain, doubtful. 

ANT. Evident, obvious, self-evident, 
certain, demonstrable. 

Procedure. SYN. Proceeding, act, 
progress, course of conduct, process. 
[See ACT.] 

Proceed. SYN. Move, pass, advance, 
progress, continue, issue, emanate, 
flow, arise. 

ANT. Recede, deviate, retreat, 
stand, stop, stay, desist, discontinue 
ebb, retire. 




Proceeding. SYN. Step, measure, 
transaction, performance, procedure, 
conduct, behavior, action, process. 

ANT. Abandonment, desisteuce, de- 
viation, discontinuance, inaction. 
Proceed*. SYN. Receipts, produce, 
returns, avail, profits, income See 

Procession. SYN. Train, march.cara- 
van, file, cortege, cavalcade, retinue. 
ANT. Rabble, herd, rush, disorder, 
mob, confusion, rout. 
Proclaim. SYN. Announce, publish, 
promulgate, declare, enunciate, ad- 
vertise, call out, report, utter. 

ANT. Repress, conceal, silentiate, 
obliviate, secrete. 

Proclamation. SYN. Announce- 
ment, edict, decree, notice, ordinance 
| See DECREE]. 

Proclivity. SYN. Tendency, pro- 
pensity, bias, gravitation, disposition, 
inclination, proueness. 

ANT. Aversion, disinclination, in- 

Procrastinate [See DEFER]. 
Procrastination. SYN. Dilatori- 
ness, delay. 

ANT. Timeliness, punctuality, 
promptitude, alacrity. 
Procure. SYN. Acquire,provide,gain, 
get, contrive, effect, reap, win, earn, 
bring about. 

ANT. Miss, lose, forfeit, misprovide, 

Prodigal. SYN. Lavish, profuse, ex- 
travagant, reckless, wasteful, squan- 
dering, improvident. 

ANT. Frugal, saving, hoarding, eco- 
nomical, niggardly, miserly, close, 

Prodlglo*'S. SYN. Marvellous, por- 
tentous, wonderful, astounding, enor- 
mous, monstrous, amazing, surpris- 
ing, remarkable, extraordinary, huge, 

ANT. Ordinary, common-place, 
every-day, usual, familiar, moderate. 
Prodigy. SYN. Wonder, marvel, por- 
tent, monster, miracle [See MON- 

Produce. SYN. Exhibit, bear, fur- 
bish, afford, cause, create, originate, 
yield, extend, prolong, lengthen. 

ANT. Withdraw, retain, stifle, with- 
hold, neutralize, destroy, annihilate, 
curtail, shorten, contract, reduce. 

Produce, n. SYN. Product,yield,fruit, 
profit, effect, consequence, result, 
amount [See RESULT]. 
Product. SYN. Fruit, result, issue, 
consequence, effect, emanation, work. 
ANT. Cause, principle, power, mo- 
tive, energy, operation, action, ten- 
dency, law. 

Production. SYN. Origination, evo- 
lution, formation, genesis, product 
[See CAUSE]. 

Productive. SYN. Fruitful, prolific, 
fertile, efficient, tausative. 

ANT. Unfruitful,barren, sterile, un- 
productive, inefficient, effete. 
Proemlal [See PREFATORY]. 
Profane, a. SYN. Unconsecrated, secu- 
lar, temporal, unsanctifled, unholy, ir- 
religious, irreverent, ungodly, wicked, 
godless, impious, blasphemous. 

ANT. Holy, consecrated, sacred, 
spiritual, sanctified, reverent, reli- 
gious, godly, pious, devout. 
Profane, r. SYN. Defile, pollute, des- 
ecrate, abuse [See CONTAMINATE and 

Profess. SYN. Declare, avow, ac- 
knowledge, own, confess, pretend, 
proclaim, lay claim to. 

ANT. Conceal, suppress, disown, dis- 
avow, repudiate, renounce, abjure. 
Profession. SYN. Avowal, declara- 
tion, business, occupation, trade, call- 
ing, vocation [See DECLARATION], 
Proffer. SYN. Offer, propose, tender, 

ANT. Withhold, detain. 
Proficiency. SYN. Success, advance- 
ness, dexterity. 

ANT. Failure, backwardness, unsuo- 
cess, tardiness, relapse. 
Proficient, n. SYN. Adept,master,ex- 

ANT. Tyro, novice, ignoramus, 

Proficient, a. SYN. Expert, clever, 
practised, skilled, trained, versed, ad- 
vanced, conversant, skilful, compe- 
tent, well qualified. 

ANT. backward. ignorant,nnskilled, 
inconversant, ill-versed, awkward, 

Profit. SYN. Gain, emolument, ad- 
vantage, avail, acquisition, benenW 
service, uae, improvement. 

PRO 5 

ANT. Loss, detriment, damage, dis- 
advantage, waste. 

Profitable. SYN. Gainful, advan- 
tageous, desirable, beneficial, useful, 
productive, remunerative, lucrative. 
ANT. Unprofitable,disadvantageous, 
undesirable, detrimental,unbeneficial, 
unprofitable, useless, vain, fruitless, 
unproductive, unremunerative. 
Profitless [See PROFITABLE]. 
Profligacy. SYN. Shamelessness, dis- 
soluteness, depravity, reprobation. 

ANT. Virtue, probity, integrity,prin- 
ciple, conscientiousness. 
Profligate. SYN. Abandoned, de- 
praved, dissolute, degenerate, cor- 
rupt, vicious, shameless [See ABAN- 

Profound. SYN. Deep, fathomless, 
abysmal, penetrating, intimate, sol- 
emn, abstruse, recondite, philosoph- 
ical, strong, vivid, intense, deep- 

ANT. Shallow, superficial, common 

Profuse. SYN. Copious, lavish, prodi- 
gal, bountiful, extravagant exuber- 
ant, excessive. 

ANT. Scanty, sparing, chary, par- 
simonious, niggardly, churlish, poor. 
Profusion. SYN. Copiousness, prod- 
igality, abundance, exuberance, ex- 
travagance, multitude, mass, heap, 
load, flood, wealth. 

ANT. Scarcity, economy, poverty, 
parsimony, drain, dole, driblet, pit- 

Progeny. SYN. Offspring, young, is- 
sue, scion, offshoot, descendants, pos- 
terity, race. 

ANT. Stock, parentage, ancestry. 
Prognostic. SYN. Sign, indication, 
symptom, premonition, harbinger, 
token, presage, signal. 

ANT. Result, reminder, memorial, 
record, register, misindication, mis- 

Prognosticate. SYN. Foretell, pre- 
sage, predict,forebode,foretoken, au- 
gur, portend, indicate, betoken. 

A.NT. Record, register, recal, re- 
member, note, rehearse. 
Programme. SYN. Advertisement, 
notice, plan, catalogue. 

ANT. Review, rehearsal, repetition, 
resume, analysis, precis. 
Progress, n. SYN. Advancement, ad- 

5 PRO 

vance, movement, proceeding, Way, 
journey, proficiency, speed, growth. 

ANT. Delay, stoppage, re'jreat, stay, 
retrogression, failure, relapse. 

Progress, v. [See ADVANCE]. 

Progression. SYN. Series, grada- 
tion, rate. 
ANT. Inversion, diminution. 

Prohibit. SYN. Forbid, interdict, 
debar, hinder, check, prevent, disal- 
low, inhibit. 
ANT. Permit, grant, allow, sanction. 

Prohibition. SYN. Interdiction, in- 
hibition, interdict, embargo, disal- 
ANT. Allowance, permission. 

Project, v. SYN. Throw, cast, hurl, 
propel, shoot, discharge, propound, 
intend, forecast, jut, extend, reach, 
bulge, stand out. 

ANT. Recal, withdraw, draw, retract, 
pull, attract, rebound, recoil, adduce, 
revert, rebate. 

Project, n. SYN. Plan, purpose, de- 
sign, scheme, contrivance, device. 
ANT. Hazard, chance, venture. 

Projectile. SYN. Missile. 

ANT. Weapon, side-arms, hand- 

Projection. SYN. Protuberance, 
prominence, convexity, propulsion, 

ANT. Recess, cavity, concavity, re- 
turn, indentation, hollow, attraction, 
recoil, rebound, ricochet, reaction. 

Prolific [See PRODUCTION]. 

Prolix. SYN. Diffuse, lengthy, tedi- 
ous, circumlocutory, prosaic, verbose, 
minute, toilsome, wordy. 

ANT. Condensed, terse, epigram- 
matic, curt, brief, laconic. 

Prolong. SYN. Lengthen, extend, 
protract, continue, delay, retard. 

ANT. Curtail, shorten, contract, dis- 

Prominent. SYN. Jutting, p^-otu- 
berant, relieved, embossed, extended, 
manifest, conspicuous, eminent, dis- 
tinguished, main, important, leading, 
characteristic, distinctive. 

ANT. Receding, concave, rebated, 
indented, hollowed, engraved, in- 
tailed, withdrawn, inconspicuous, mi- 
nor, secondary, unimportant, indis- 
tincnve, undistinguishable, subordi- 

Promiscuous. SYN. Mingled, coo- 


undistinguished, nnselected, 
un arranged, undistributed,unassorted, 
common, unreserved, casual, disor- 
derly, unordered. 

ANT. Sorted, select, orderly, ar- 
ranged, distributed, reserved, as sorted, 
exclusive, nice. 

Promise, r. To engage by word of 
mouth, as distinguished from a bond. 
SYN. Engage, assure. 

ANT. Covenant, pledge, stipulate. 
Promise, n. SYN. Engagement, assur- 

ance, word, pledge [See ASSURANCE]. 
Promontory. SYN. Headland, jut- 
land. cape. 

ANT. Bay, cove, recess. 
Promote. SYN. Aid, further, ad- 
vance, excite, exalt, raise, elevate, 

ANT. Discourage, repress, hinder, 
check, allay, depress, degrade, dis- 

Promotion. SYN. Furtherance, ad- 
vancement, encouragement, prefer- 
ment, elevation. 

ANT. Hinderance, obstruction, im- 
pediment, retardation. 
Prompt. SYN. Ready, alert, respon- 
sive. active, quick, brisk, apt, unhesi- 

ANT. Unready, sluggish, irrespon- 
sive, inactive. 

Promptitude. SYN. Readiness, 
promptness, quickness, alertness, 
alacrity, activity. 

ANT. Unreadiness, sluggishness, in- 
action, inertness, tardiness, hesita- 

Promulgate. SYN. Divulge, an- 
nounce, publish, spread, propound, 
disseminate, proclaim, advertise. 

ANT. Repress, conceal, suppress, 
stifle, hush, burke, discountenance. 
Prone. SYN. Disposed, inclined, bent, 
tending, apt, recumbent, prostrate, 

ANT. Indisposed, disinclined, un- 
apt, averse, upright. 
Pronounce. SYN. Articulate, utter, 
declare, propound, deliver, assert, 
affirm, enunciate, express. 

ANT. Mispronounce, mispropound, 

misaffirm, suppress, stifle, silence, 

choke, swallow, gabble, mumble. 

Proof. SYN. Test, trial, examination, 

criterion, essay, establishment, COLU- 

207 PRO 

probation, demonstration, evidence, 
testimony, scrutiny. 

ANT. Disproof, failure, invalidity, 
short-coming, fallacy, undemonstra- 
tiveness, reprobation. 

Prop. n. SYN. Support, stay, but- 
tress, shore, strut, pin. 

ANT. Superstructure, superincnm- 
bency, top- weight, gravitation, extir- 
pation, subverter, destroyer. 

Prop. v. SYN. Sustain, support, stay, 
maintain [See SUPPORT]. 

Propagate. SYN. Breed, generate, 
produce, originate, spread, extend, ex- 
pand, disseminate, diffuse, increase, 
multiply, promulgate, propound, 

ANT. Extinguish, strangle, stifle, 
neutralize, reduce, contract, suppress, 
diminish, fail, dwindle, die, contra- 

Propel. SYS. Hurl, project, drive, 
ANT. Retard, detain, withhold. 

Propensity. SYN. Bent, predilee- 
tion, proclivity [See PROCLIVITY}. 

Proper. SYN. Peculiar, appertinent, 
personal, own, constitutional, special, 
befitting, adapted, suited, suitable, ap- 
propriate, just, fair, equitable, right, 
decent, becoming, fit. 

ANT. Common, inappertinent, 
alien, universal, non-special, unbefit- 
ting, unadapted, unsuited. unsuitable, 
inappropriate, wrong, indecent, un- 
becoming, improper. 

Property. SYN. Quality, attribute, 
peculiarity, nature, characteristic, 
possessions, goods, wealth, estate, 
gear, resources, ownership [See AT- 

Prophesy [See FORETELL]. 

Prophetic. SYN. Predictive, omi- 
nous, portentous, premonitory, fatid- 
ical, oracular, sibylline. 

ANT. Historic, narrative, chronicled, 
recorded, recitative, commemora- 

Propinquity. SYN. Nearness, prox- 
imity, contiguity, adjacence. 

ANT. Distance, remoteness, longi- 
tude, separation. 

Propitiate. SYN. Conciliate, secure, 
appease, win, reconcile, pacify. 

ANT. Exasperate, alienate, offend, 


Propitious. SYN. Timely, favorable, 
auspicious, oeneficial, friendly, well- 
disposed, gracious, benign, lortunate. 
ANT. Untimely, untoward, unsea- 
sonable, unfavorable, inauspicious, 
unfriendly, hostile, antagonistic, ad- 
verse, ill-disposed, unpropitious. 

Proportion. SYN. Adaptation, rela- 
tion, rate, distribution, adjustment, 
symmetry, interrelationship,uiiiform- 
ity, correlation. 

ANT. Misproporrion, misadjnst- 
ment, incongruity, disparity, dishar- 
mony, disorder, irrelation, dispro- 

Proposal. SYN. Offer, overture, ten- 
der, suggestion, design, proposition, 

ANT. Withholding, withdrawal, re- 
tention, reticence, dissuasive, warn- 
ing, prohibition. 

Propose. SYN. Offer, tender, prof- 
fer, bring fonrard, purpose, intend, 
mean, propound, move, design [See 

Proposition. SYN. Statement, af- 
firmation, declaration, sentence. 

ANT. Misstatement, interjection, 
babel, jargon, sound, riddle, paradox. 

Propound. SYN. Propose, promul- 
gate, express, declare, maintain, ad- 
vocate, propagate, broach. 

ANT. Repress, suppress, contradict, 
withdraw, repudiate, renounce, ab- 
jure, recal, retract. 

Propriety. SYN. Fitness, appropri- 
ateness, justness, correctness, expe- 
diency, decorum [See EXPEDIENCY 
and DECORUM]. 

Prorogation [See PROROGUE"). 

Prorogue. SYN. Adjourn, postpone, 

ANT. Convene, continue, prolong, 
expedite, despatch. 

Prosaic. SYN. Pull, matter-of-fact, 
tedious, prolix. 

ANT. Poetic, animated, interesting, 
lively, fervid, eloquent, graphic. 

Proscribe. SYN. Denounce, con- 
demn, reject, interdict, ostracize, dis- 
allow, prohibit, forbid. 

ANT. Permit, sanction, encourage, 

Prosecute. SYN. Follow, pursue, in- 
vestigate, conduct, summon, arraign, 
persevere, carry on, persist, sue. 
ANT. Drop, discontinue, abandon, 

208 PRO 

misconduct, mlsinvestigate, miss, no- 
erate, exonerate, acquit. 

Proselyte. SYN. Convert, catechu- 
men, neophyte. 

ANT. Misbeliever, infidel, habitue, 
pillar, prop, buttress. 

Prospect. SYN. View, vision, field, 
landscape, hope, anticipation, proba- 

ANT. Viewlessness, dimness, obscu- 
rity, darkness, cloud, veiling, occulta- 
tion, hopelessness, improbability. 

Prospectus. SYN. Programme, 
plan, catalogue, announcement, bill, 
scheme, compeadium. 

ANT. Subject, transaction, proceed- 
ing, &c. 

Prosperity. SYN. Success, weal, 
welfare, good fortune, well-being, 
good luck. 

ANT. Unsuccess, woe, adversity, 
failure, reverse. 

Prosperous. SYN. Successful, fortu- 
nate, thriving, well off, well to do, 
happy, lucky [See FORTUNATE]. 

Prostrate. SYN. Fallen, flat, pro- 
cumbent, lifeless, ruined, overpow- 
ered, oppressed, prone. 

ANT. Risen, vertical, erect, up- 
right, rei'f/igorated, revived, re- 

Prostration. SYN. Overthrown, 
demolition, destruction, depression, 
exhaustion r<J TO DEPRESSION]. 

Protect. Srs. Defend, fortify, guard, 
shield, preserve, cover, secure, save, 

AST. Betray, endanger, imperil, 
abandon, expose. 

Protection. SYN. Shelter, defence, 
security, safety, refuge, guard [See 

Protest. SYN. Expostulate, remon- 
strate, denounce, repudiate, depre- 
cate, affirm, aver, assure,. 

ANT. Acquiesce, coincide, sanction, 
subscribe, endorse, agree. 

Protract. SYN. Prolong, produce, 
elongate, defer, extend, lengthen, 
continue, draw out. 

ANT. Shorten, abbreviate, curtail, 
contract, reduce. 

Protrude. SYN. Extend, project, 
abut, jut, demonstrate, expose, bulge, 
thrust forward. 

ANT. Recede, retract, adduce, re- 
press, suppress, conceal. 


Protrusion. SYN. Projection, pro- 
tuberance, convexity, tongue. 

ANT. Ilecess, cavity, hollow, con- 
cavity, mouth. 

Protuberance. SYN. Lump, swel- 
ling, excrescence, convexity. 

ANT. Cavity, smoothness, plane- 
ness, concavity, indentation, hollow. 

Proud. SYN. Arrogant, haughty, im- 
perious, supercilious, presumptuous, 
boastful, vain glorious, vain, ostenta- 
tious, elated, self-satisfied, lofty, im- 
posing, magnificent, self-conscious. 

ANT. Deferential, humble, affable, 
nnpresuming, meek, lowly, ashamed, 
unircposing, mean. 

Prove. SYN. Trv, assay, test, estab- 
lish, demonstrate, ascertain, argue, 
show, confirm, examine, substantiate, 
make trial of, verify, ascertain. 

ANT. Pass, pretermit, misdemon- 
strate, misindicate, refute, disprove, 
contradict, disestablish, neutralize. 

Proverb. SYN. Maxim, apothegm, 
adage, saw, dictum, by word. 

ANT. Essay, dissertation, disquisi- 
tion, oration, diatribe, yarn. 

Proverbial. SYN. Notorious, cur- 
rent, acknowledged, unquestioned. 

ANT. Dubious, unfounded, suspi- 
cious, suspected, questionable. 

Provide. SYN. Prepare, arrange, 
procure, afford, supply, contribute, 
yield, cater, furnish, get, agree, pro- 
duce, collect, stipulate. 

ANT. Misprovide, neglect, over- 
look, withhold, retain, appropriate, 
refuse, den.* 1 , alienate, divert, misem- 
ploy, mismanage. 

Provided. SYN. Granted, suppos- 
ANT Barring, saving, excluded. 

Providence. SYN. Forethought, 
timely care, forecast, divine govern- 
ment, divine superintendence. 

ANT. Improvidence, recklessness, 

Provident. SYN. Forecasting, fore- 
seeing, cautious, considerate. 

ANT. Improvident, reckless, care- 
less, inconsiderate. 

Province. SYN. Tract, region, de- 
partment, section, sphere, domain, ter- 
ANT. Metropolis, centre, capital. 

Provincial. SYM. Appendant, an- 

209 PBU 

nexed, outlying, rural, countrified, 
rustic, bucolic. 

ANT. Central, metropolitan, mod- 
ish, fashionable, courtly. 

Provision, Provisions. SYN. 
Preparation, arrangement, produce, 
supply, anticipation, food, supplies, 
victuals, edibles, eatables. 

ANT. Neglect, misprovision, forget- 
fulness, thoughtlessness, oversight, 
destitution, want, dearth, starvation, 
dole, pittance. 

Provisional. SYN. Conditional, 
contingent, hypothetical, temporary. 
ANT. Unconditional, absolute, per- 
manent, perpetual. 

Provocation. SYN. Incitement, 
stimulus, stimulant, provocative, af- 
front, indignity, insult [See INDIO- 


Provoke. SYN. Educe, summon, 
rouse, irritate, excite, challenge, vex, 
impel, offend, exasperate, anger, tan- 

ANT. Allay, relegate, pacify, 
soothe, conciliate, 

Prowess. SYN. Bravery, valor, gal- 
lantry, might, courage, intrepidity, 
fearlessness, heroism. 

ANT. Cowardice, weakness, pol- 
troonery, dastardliness. 

Prowl. SYN. Rove, roam, wander, 
ANT. Fly, swoop, chase, scour. 

Proximity. SYN. Neighborhood, vi- 
cinity [See PROPINQUITY). 

Proxy. SYN. Agency, substitution, 
representation, agent, substitute, rep- 
resentative, deputy, commissioner, 
lieutenant, delegate. 

ANT. Principalship, personality, 
principal, person, authority, deputer. 

Prudent. SYN. Wise, wary, cautious 1 , 
circumspect, discreet, careful, judi- 

ANT. Foolish, unwary, incautious, 
uncircumspect, indiscreet, rash, im- 
prudent, silly, reckless, audacious. 

Prudish. SYN. Coy, over modest, af- 
fectedly modest, over nice, squeam- 
ish, reserved, demure [See DEMURE]. 

Prurient. SYN. Craving, itching, 
hankering, longing, lustful. 
ANT. Disliking, loathing, pure. 

Prune. SYN. Trim, lop, drees, ampu- 
ANT. Pamper, train. 



Pry. SYN. Peer, peep, scrutinize, in- 

AST. Connive, overlook, disregard, 

Prying. SYN. Peering, inquisitive, 
scrutinizing, curious. 

AST. Incurious [See CUBIOUS]. 
Public. SYN. Open, notorious, com- 
mon, Bocial, national, exoteric, gene- 
ral, generally known. 

ANT. Close, secret, private, domes- 
tic, secluded, solitary, personal, indi- 

publication. SYN. Promulgation, 
notification, proclamation, divulga- 

ANT. Suppression, reservation, 
Publicity. STN. Notoriety, currency 

Publish [See ANNOUNCE]. 
Puerile. SYN. Childish, boyish, in- 
fantile, youthful, nonsensical, futile, 
nugatory, weak, silly, trifling. 

ANT. Manly, vigorous, effective, 
powerful, cogent, weighty. 
Puerility. SYN. Childishness, boy- 
ishness, juvenility, youthfulness. 

ANT. Maturity, ripeness, manli- 

Puff. SYN. Flatter, advertise, hawk, 

ANT. Squash, disparage, lash, chas- 
tise, blast. 

Pugnacious. SYN. Quarrelsome, 
bellicose, contentious. 

ANT. Peaceable, conciliatory, su- 

Pull. STN. Draw, drag, adduce, ex- 
tract, tug, haul, pluck. 

ANT. Push, eject, extrude, propel. 
Pummel [See POMMEL]. 
Pump. SYN. Cross-examine, inter- 
rogate, cross-quest iou. 

ANT. Prime, indoctrinate, instruct, 

Punch. SYN. Perforate, poke, pierce, 
puncture, terebrate, bore. 

ANT. Stop, plug, seal, bung. 
Punctilious. SYN. Ceremonious, 
nice, scrupulous, exact, particular, 
excessively nice, over scrupulous, 

ANT. Unceremonious, -unscrupu- 

Punctual. Srs. Exact, prompt, 
early, timely. , 

AN*, iafe, tardy, behindhand, be. 
lated, dilatory, uupunctual. 
Puncture,, v. [See PUNCH]. 
Pungent. SYN. Pricking, piercing, 
acrid, mordant, biting, stiiging, 
stimulating, keen, trenchant, caustic, 
piquant, sarcastic. 

ANT. Soothing, mellow, luscious, 

Punish. SYN. Chastise, castigate, 
chasten, correct, whip, scourge. 

ANT. Reward, recompense, remu- 
nerate, indemnify. 

Puny* SYN. Petty, undeveloped, un- 
dersized, feeble, pigmy, dwarfish, 
small, inferior, tiny. 

ANT. Great, developed, fine, ro- 
bust, vigorous, oversized, colossal, 

Pupil. SYN. Scholar, learner, stu- 
dent, tyro, novice, ward. 

ANT. Teacher, master, proficient, 
adept, guardian. 

Pupilage. SYN. Minority, disciple- 
ship, wardship, tutelage, depend- 
ence, government. 

ANT. Majority, mastership, guard- 
ianship, discretion, independence. 
Puppet [Fr. poupee, a do//, Lat. 
pupa], SYN. Doll, image, lay-figure, 

ANT. Personality, power. 
Puppy. SYN. Fop, coxcomb, prig. 

ANT. Boor, clown, lout. 
Purblind. SYN. Blinkard, owl- 
eyed, short-sighted. 

ANT. Eagle-eyed, hawk-eyed, lynx- 
eyed, Argus-eyed, far-sighted. 
Purchase [See BUY]. 
Pure. SYI*. Clear, unmixed, simple, 
genuine, sheer, mere, absolute, un- 
adulterated, uncorrupted, unsullied, 
unblemished, chaste, real, clean, 
spotless, immaculate, undefiled, un- 
spotted, guileless, innocent, guilt- 

ANT. Foul, turbid, impure, adul- 
terated, corrupt, sullied, stained, 
tarnished, defiled, mixed, guilty. 
Purgation. SYN. Clearing, cleans- 
ing, purification, lustration, clarifi- 
cation, defecation, deterMon. 

ANT. Imputation, contraction, de- 
filement, befoulment. 
Purgative, a. SYN. Evacuant, ca- 
thartic, abstergent. 
AST. Binding [See ABSTERSIVE]. 




Purge. STN. Cleanse, clear, clarify, 
purify [See CLEAR]. 

Purify [See PURGE]. 

Puritanical. SYN. Prudish, ascetic, 

ANT. Genial, dissolute, voluptuous, 

Purity. STN. Cleanness, clearness, 
immaculatenes", guiltlessness, inno- 
cence [See INNOCENCE]. 

Purlieu. SYN. Environ, precinct, 
ANT. Centre, heart. 

Purloin. SYN. Steal, filch, thieve, 
seize, plunde. 

ANT. Keinstate, restore, To 

Purport. SYN. Tendency, meaning, 
import, bearing, signification, drift, 
tenor, current, intent, spirit. 

ANT. Statement, assertion, dec- 
laration, proposition, announce- 

Purpose, v. SYN. Intend, deter- 
mine, design, resolve, mean, pro- 

ANT. Chance, risk, hazard, revoke, 
Miscalculate, venture, stake. 

Purpose, n. SYN. Intention, de- 
sign, mind, meaning, view, object, 
aim, end, scope, point, resolve. 

ANT. Chance, fortune, fate, acci- 
dent, hazard, lot, casualty, lottery, 

Pursue. STN. Chase, follow, track, 
hunt, continue, prosecute [See PBOS- 

Pursy. STN. Short-winded, thick- 
winded, short-breathed. 
ANT. Lithe, agile, long-winded. 

Purulent. SYN. Feculent, festering, 
ANT. Secretional, healthy. 

Purvey. STN. Provide, cater, pro- 
vide food [See PROVIDE]. 

Push. STN. Press, drive, impel, 
shove, press against, propel, butt, 
thrust, urge, expedite, accelerate, 
ANT. Pull, draw, drag, adduce. 

Pusillanimity. SYN. DactardlineM, 
cowardice, meanspiritedness, faint- 
heartedness, timidity, poltroonery. 

ANT. Magnanimity, fortitude, cour- 
age, bravery, venturesomeness, dar- 
ing, heroism. 

Pusillanimous. SYN. Cowardly, 

timorous, falnt-heartedness, mean- 
spirited [See GALLANT]. 
Putt SYN. Place, lay, set, propose. 

ANT. Remove, raise, displace, 
transfer, withdraw. 

Putative. SYN. Reckoned, supposed, 
deemed, reputed, reported. 

ANT. Real, authenticated, veri- 
table, established. 

Putrefy. SYN. Rot, corrupt, decom- 
pose, decay. 

ANT. Preserve, embalm, freshen, 
Vit lize, purify, depurate, disinfect. 
Putrid. SYN. Stinking, corrupt, of- 
fensive, decayed, decomposed, rot- 
ten, foul, mean, base, worthless. 

ANT. Wholesome, sound, inoffens- 
ive, pure, redolent, fresh, healthful, 
sweet, honorable, worthy. 
Puzzle, v. STN. Pose, perplex, em- 
barrass, bewilder, confound, mys- 
tify, confuse. 

ANT. Enlighten, instruct, illumine. 
Puzzle, n. STN. Embarrassment, be 
wilderment, enigma, confusion, con- 
undrum, intricacy, labyrinth. 

ANT. Disentanglement, solution, 
explanation, extrication, clue. 

QUACK. STN. Empiric, mountebank, 
charlatan, imposter, pretender, hum- 

ANT. Dupe, gull, victim. 
Quaff*. STN. Drink, swallow, imbibe. 

ANT. Disgorge, spew, vomit. 
Quagmire [See MAKSH]. 
Quail. STN. Sink, shrink, cower, suc- 
cumb, crouch, flinch, blench, tremble. 
ANT. Stand, defy, withstand, face, 

Quaint. SYN. Curious, recondite, 
abstruse, elegant, nice, affected, whim- 
sical, odd, antique, archaic, fanciful, 
singular, old-fashioned. 

ANT. Commonplace, ordinary,usnal, 
coarse, common, modern, modish, 
fashionable, dowdy. 

Quake. STN. Tremble, shake, shud- 
der, vibrate, quiver, quaver. 

ANT. Stand, rest, root. 
Qualification. STN. Capacity, fit- 
ness, condition, capability, accomplish- 
ment, requirement, limitation, modi- 
ANT. Incapacity, unfltnees,absolute- 




ness, disqualification, non-qualifica- 
tion, unrestrictedness. 
Qualified. SYN. Fitted, adapted, 
ompetent, suitable [See SUITABLE]. 
tjiinlify. SYN. Fit, prepare, adapt, 
capacitate, limit, restrict, enable, ren- 
der capable. 

ANT. Unfit, rtdsprepare, misqualify, 
disqualify, incapacitate, free, absolve. 
Quality. SYN. Condition, character, 
property, attribute, peculiarity, dis- 
position, temper, sort, kind, descrip- 
tion, capacity, power, virtue, nature, 

ness, nondescript, incapacity, weak- 
ness, in Jistinctiveness, ineffectiveness, 
disqualification, negation, disability. 
Qualm. SYN. Misgiving, remorse, 
scruple, penitence. 

ANT. Comfort, ease, self-satisfac- 
tion, self-approval. 

Quandary. SYN. Hobble, difficulty, 
doubt, puzzle, uncertainty, perplexity, 
bewilderment, dubitation, baiting, di- 
lemma, embarrassment. 

ANT. Clearsightedness, resolution, 
plainness, clearness, obviousness, fa- 
cility, disencumbrance, disentangle- 
ment, disembarrassment. 
Quantity. SYN. Measure, amount, 
bulk, size, sum, portion, aggregate, 
muchness, part, share, division. 

ANT. Margin, deficiency, deduction, 
want, inadequacy, scantiness, insuffi- 
ciency, loss, deterioration, diminu- 
tion, waste, wear, leakage. 
Quarrel, n. SYN. Brawl,altercation, af- 
fray, squabble, feud, tumult, dispute, 
wrangle, variance, disagreement, mis- 
understanding, hostility, quarreling, 
embroilment, bickering, broil. 

ANT. Confabulation, conversation, 
chat, pleasantry, conciliation, agree- 
ment,harmony ,understanding,friend- 
liness, peace, amity, good-will. 
Quarrel, v. SYN. Wrangle, squabble, 
dispute, spur, jangle, fall out, bicker, 
brawl [See BRAWL]. 
Quarreling [See QUARREL]. 
Quarrelsome. SYN. Choleric, irasci- 
ble, petulant, litigious, pugnacious, 
brawling, fiery, hot-tempered, con- 
tentious, irritable. 

ANT. Peaceable, amenable, genial, 
unquarrel?ome, inoffensive, mild, 
meek, conciliatory, bland, suave. 

Quarter. SYN. Region, district, lo- 
cality, territory, mercy, forbearance, 

ANT. Extermination, mercilessnecs, 
unsparingness, pitilessness, ruthless, 

Quash. SYN. Crush, extinguish, over- 
throw, annihilate, annul, nullify, sup- 
press, cancel, vacate. 

ANT. Sap, undermine, disorganize, 

Quaver, v. [See QUAKE]. 
Queer. SYN. Odd, whimsical quaint, 
cross, strange, crochety, singular, ec- 

ANT. Ordinary, common, usual, fa- 
miliar, customary. 

Quell. SYN. Extinguish, destroy, 
crush, reduce, allay, stifle, quiet, 
pacify, quench, repress, suppress, 
calm, put out, subdue, quench, over- 

ANT. Foster, excite, fan, aggravate, 
stir, irritate, disturb, raise, inflame. 
Quench. [See QUELL]. 
Qiierlmonlous. SYN. Malcontent, 
dissatisfied, opposititious, litigious. 

ANT. Contented, satisfied, compla- 
cent, amenable, conformable. 
Querulous. SYN. Quarrelsome, com- 
plaining, fretful, repining, discon- 
tented, dissatisfied, chiding, murmur- 
ing, whining, peevish, fastidious, ir- 

ANT. Easy, uncomplaining,satisfied, 
contented, submissive, genial, com- 
placent, cheerful, good-tempered. 
Query. SYN. Question, interrogation, 

ANT. Answer. 

Question, v, SYX. Ask, inquire, in- 
terrogate, doubt, investigate, dubi- 
tate, controvert, dispute. 

ANT. Dictate, state, assert, pro- 
nounce, enunciate, concede, endorse, 
affirm, grant, allow. 

Question, n. SYN. Inquiry, interro- 
gation, doubt, scrutiny, investigation, 

ANT. Reply, response, solution, an- 
swer, explanation, admission, conces- 

Questionable. SYN. Doubtful, du- 
bious, problematical, disputable, de- 
batable, uncertain, suspicious. 

ANT. Certain, evident, self-evident, 
obvious, indisputable. 

213 RAI 

Quibble, v. RTK. Shuffle, evade, trifle, 
cavil, equivocate, prevaricate. 

ANT. Reason, argue, enunciate, in- 
vestigate, discuss. 

Quick. SYN. Fast, rapid, speedy, ex- 
peditious, swift, hasty, prompt, ready, 
clever, sharp, shrewd, adroit, keen, 
fleet, active, brisk, nimble, lively, 
agile, alert, sprightly, transient, in- 
telligent, irascible. 

ANT. Slow, tardy, sluggish, inert, 
inactive, dull, insensitive. 
Quicken. SYN. Accelerate, animate, 
revive, re-invigorate, resuscitate, vivi- 
fy, stimulate, hurry, hasten, urge, ex- 
cite, promote, expedite, 

ANT. Retard, delay, enctunber, clog, 
drag, detain, discourage, allay. 
Quickness. SYN. Liveliness, velocity, 
speed, swiftness, celerity, fleetuees, 

ANT. Slowness, tardiness, dilatori- 

Quiescence. SYN. Repose,rest, quiet, 
quietude, dormancy, tranquillity, si- 
lenoe, stillness [See AcTrvrrrJ. 
Quiet, n. SYN. Resr, repose, stillness, 
calm, appeasement, pacification, si- 
lence, peace. 

ANT. Unrest, motion, noise, agita- 
tion, excitement, disturbance, turmoil, 

Quiet, v. SYN. Allay, appease, still, 
pacify, hush,lull, tranquillize, soothe, 

ANT. Rouse, excite, disturb, agitate, 
stir, urge, goad. 

Quit. SYN. Leave, resign, abandon, re- 
linqui^h^lischarge^elease, surrender, 
give up, depart from, forsake. 

ANT. Seek, occupy^ invade, bind, 
enforce, haunt, enter. 
Quite. SYN. Perfectly, entirely, com- 
pletely, wholly, truly, altogether, to- 

ANT. Partially, imperfectly, barely, 
insufficiently, hardly. 
QniltaiK <. SYN. Discharge, abso- 
lution, remission, release. 

ANT. Distraint, exaction, bond, 
debt, obligation. 
Quiver. SYN. Shake, shiver, vibrate, 

tremble, quake [See QUAKE j. 
Quote. SYN. Cite, name, adduce, 
plead, allege, note, repeat. 
ANT. Disprove, refute, retort, op- 

pose, contradict, traverse, misquote, 
misadduce, rebut. 

RARBL.1%. SYN. Crowd, mob, scum, 
dregs, riff-raff, vulgar herd, disorder- 
ly crowd, canaille. 

ANT. Elite, aristocracy, galaxy, up- 
per ten (U. S.). 

Rabid. SYN. Furious, raging, mad, 
infuriated, maniacal, frantic, raving. 
ANT. Rational, sane, reasonable, 

Race. SYN. Course, pursuit, career, 
family [See LINEAGE], 

Racy. SYN. Fine-flavored, fresh, rich, 
pungent, piquant, spirited, smart, 
lively, vivacious, spicy. 
ANT. Flavorless, dull, stupid. 

Rack [See TOKTUBE]. 

Radiance. SYN. Brightness, splen- 
dor, lustre, brilliancy, brilliance, ef- 
fulgence, glare. 
ANT. Dullness, opaque. 

Radiant. SYN. Beaming, lustrous, 
brilliant, glittering, splendid, shin- 
ing, sparkling, luminous, glorious, 
ANT. Dull, lustreless, non-luminous. 

Radiate. SYN. Shine, sparkle, gleam, 
emanate, coruscate, shimmer [See 

Radical. SYN. Original, fundamen- 
tal, thorough-going, unsparing, ex- 
treme, entire, innate, natural, essen- 
tial, immaueut, ingrained, underived, 

ANT. Derived, ascititiou 1 ", adventi- 
tious, superficial, extraneous, partial, 
moderate, conservative, acquired. 

Rage. n. SYN. Fury, rabidity, choler, 
indignation, frenzy, auger, ire, dud- 
geon, mania, passion, madness, fero- 

ANT. Reaon, moderation, gentle- 
ness, temperateuess, calmness, quies- 
cence, mitigation, assuagement, tran- 
quillity, mildness, softness. 

Rage. v. HYN. Rave, storm, fume, be 
furious, be violent, 

ANT. Be calm, be composed, be 

Raging. SYN. Vehement, violent, 
impetuous, infuriate, furious. 

Rail. r. SYN. Censure, scold, bluster. 


scoff, chide, objurgate [See CEN- 

Raillery [See BANTER]. 

Raiment. SYN. Clothing, vestments, 
garb, apparel, dress, attire, vesture, 
ANT. Rags, nudity, nakedness. 

Raise. SYN. Lift, heave, elevate, ex- 
alt, advance, promote, heighten, en- 
hance, awaken, rouse, excite, call 
forth, cultivate, rear, produce, col- 
lect, summon, erect, originate, propa- 

ANT. Lay, cast, depress, degrade, 
retard, dishonor, lower, depreciate, 
lull, compose, quiet, calm, blight, de- 
stroy, disperse, disband, stifle, hush, 
silence, neutralize, confute. 

Rake. SYN. Libertine, roue", deb- 

Rakish. SYN. Licentious, dissolute, 
wanton, lewd, loose [See LICEN- 

Rally, v. t. and i. SYN. Eecal, re- 
unite, inspirit, assemble, congregate, 
animate, recover, reassure. 

ANT. Demoralize, disperse, dis- 

Rally, v. SYN. Banter, satirize, chaff, 
taunt, mock, deride, ridicule, joke, 

ANT. Compliment, flatter, pane- 
gyrize, eulogize. 

Ramble, v. SYN. Rove, roam, wan- 
der, range, stroll, saunter, stray. 

ANT. Course, speed, hasten, drive, 

Ramble, n. SYN. Jaunt, tour, wan- 
dering, strolling, excursion. 

Ramification. SYN. Branching, 
branch, off-shoot, division, diver- 
gence, subdivision. 

ANT. Line, trunk, stem, bole, 
course, thread, sequence, continuity, 
prosecution, rectilinearity, indiver- 
genco, indivision, non-ramification. 

Rampant. SYN. Unbridled, uncon- 
trolled, wanton, headstrong, luxu- 
riant, furious, rank, violent, licen- 
tious, vehement. 

ANT. Demure, self-restrained, re- 
atraiued, self-controlled, disciplined, 

Rampart. SYN. Bulwark, fortifica- 
tion, security, wall, defence, embank- 
ment, mound, mole, outwork, breast- 

214 RAP 

ANT. Non-fortification, defeuceless- 
ness, exposure, insecurity, vulner- 

Rancid. SYN. Sour, tainted, rank, 
olid, reasty, frowzy, fetid, musty. 

ANT. Sweet, pure, untainted, fresh, 

Rancor. SYN. Ill-blood, spite, grudge, 
animosity, hatred, malice, malignity, 
enmity, antipathy, vindictiveness, 

ANT. Good-feeling, friendliness, 
kindliness, forgiveness, geniality, 
sympathy, congeniality, unvindictive- 

Random. SYN. Haphazard, stray, 
chance, wild, aimless, purposeless, 
unpremeditated, casual, vague, acci- 

ANT. Steady, aimed, intended, reg- 
ular, controlled, purposed, intention- 
al, deliberate, designed, normal, sys- 

Range, v. SYN. Rank, dispose, class, 
place, order, collocate, file, concate- 
nate, ramble, stroll, rove. 

ANT. Disturb, disconnect, disorder, 
derange, intermit, disconnect, remain, 
be stationary. 

Range, n. [See ORDER and RANK]. 

Rank. n. SYN. Row, line, tier, order, 
degree, grade, dignity. 

ANT. Disconnection, disorder, in- 
continuity, solution, intermission, hici- 
tus, plebeianism, meanness, commoa- 

Rank. a. SYN. Luxuriant, exuberant, 
extreme, excessive, rampant. 

Rankle. SYN. Fester, smoulder, 
burn, irritate, gall, disquiet. 

ANT. Heal, cool, close, calm, quiet, 

Ransack. SYN. Rummage, rifle, ex- 
plore, pillage, ravage, overhaul. 
ANT. hkim, su. . ^y, reconnoitre. 

Ransom, bra. Redeem, release, in- 
demnify, emancipate, free, liberate, 
unfetter, redeem. 

ANT. Prosecute, indict, fine, mulct, 
forfeit, damnify. 

Rant. SYN. Bombast, rhodomontade, 
flummery, declamation, raving, 

ANT. Reason, argument, eloquence, 
logic, rhetoric. 

Rapacious. SYN. Greedy, ravenous* 




voracious, predace</,<s, avaricious, 
grasping, extortionate. 

ANT. Bountiful, liberal, contented, 

Rapid. Bra. Quick, swift, speedy, 
accelerated, flying. 

ANT. Slow, tardy, retarded, cum- 
brous, lazy. 

Rapidity. SYN. Quickness, swiftness, 
speed, velocity, celerity, dispatch. 

ANT. Slowness, tardiness, cum- 
brousness, delay. 

Rapture. SYN. Ecstacy, transport, 
bliss, ravishment, delight. 

ANT. Agony, torture, pain, tedium, 
ennui, irksoiueuess. 
Hare. SYN. Scarce, choice, infre- 
quent, excellent, few, exceptional, 
sparse, unusual, singular, uncommon, 
incomparable, extraordinary, unique, 
dispersed, valuable, precious, thin, 

ANT. Common, frequent, abundant, 
numerous, mean, ordinary, usual, 
regular, crowded, dense, vulgar, 
worthless, cheap, valueless. 
Rarefy. SYN. Expand, lighten, atten- 
uate, sublimate. 

ANT. Solidify, condense, thicken. 
Rascal. SYN. Rogue, scoundrel, vag- 
abond, scamp, villain, knave. 

ANT. Gentleman. 

Ra&h. SYN. Headstrong, audacious, 
hiisiy, precipitate, reckless, foolhardy, 
careless, adventurous, thoughtless, in- 
discreet, venturesome, overventure- 
some, incautious, unwary, heedless. 

ANT. Wary, cautious, calculating, 
discreet, unventuresome, dubitating, 
hesitating, reluctant, timid. 
Rashness. SYN. Hastiness, precipi- 
tancy, recklessness, veuturesomeuess, 
temerity, precipitation, indiscretion. 
ANT. Slowness, carefulness, cau- 
tiousness, discretion. 
Rate. n. SYN. Tax, impost, assess- 
ment, duty, standard, allowance, ra- 
tio, quota, worth, price, value [See 

Rate. v. SYN. Compute, calculate, 
estimate, value, scold, abuse, ap- 
praise [See APPRAISE, COMPUTE and 
Ratlier than. SYN. Sooner than, in 

preference to. 
Ratify. SYN. Sanction, seal, confirm. 

endorse, secure, approve, validity, 
establish, substantiate, settle. 

ANT. Negative, reject, repudiate, 
disaffirm, invalidate, abrogate, annul 

Ratiiicatloii. SYN. Confirmation, 
Hubst initiation, establishment, corrob- 

ANT. Negation, disafflrmation, ab- 
rogation, nullifying. 
Rational. SYN. Sane, sound, intelli- 
gent, reasoning, reasonable, judi- 
cious, sober, sensible, probable, 
equitable, moderate, fair. 

ANT. Iiisane, unsound, weak, silly, 
unintelligent, absurd, injudicious, 
fanciful, extravagant, preix>sterous, 
unreasoning, unreasonable, irra- 
tional, exorbitant. 

Ravage, n. SYN. Devastation, deso- 
lation, waste, pillage, plunder, sack, 
ruin, spoil. 

ANT. Sparing, conserving, preser- 

Ravage, v. SYN. Spoil, devastate, 
despoil, destroy, desolate, ransack, 
waste, ruin, overrun, plunder. 

ANT. Spare, conserve, preserve, in- 
Rave. SYN. Wander, drivel, rant. 

ANT. Converse, reason, discourse. 
Ravel. SYN. Separate, undo, uutwis;, 
unwind, disentangle. 

ANT. Entangle, complicate, con- 
glomerate, contuse. 

Ravenous. SYN. Voracious, hungry, 
gluttonous, rapacious, omuivorous. 

ANT. Listless, inappeteut, fastid- 
ious, dainty, nice. 

Raving. SYN. Delirious, furious, vio- 
lent, mad, distracted, frantic. 

ANT. Calm, collected, reasonable, 

Ravish. SYN. Entrance, transport, 
enchant, enrapture, charm, violate, 
outrage, deflour, debauch [See DE- 

Raw. SYN. Uncooked, unprepared, 
unfinished, unripe, crude, unseasoned, 
inexperienced, fresh, green, unprac- 
tised, untried, bare, bald, exposed, 
galled, chill, bleak, piercing. 

ANT. Cooked, dressed, prepared, 
finished, ripe, mature, mellow, sea- 
soned, experienced, expert, adept, 
habituated, familiar, practised, 


trained, tried, covered, healed, 
balmy, genial. 

Raze. SYN. Demolish, level, prostrate, 
overthrow, dismantle, subvert, re- 
duce, ruin, destroy, debase. 

ANT. Raise, erect, build, rear, re- 
pair, restore. 

Reach. SYN. Extend, thrust, stretch, 
obtain, arrive at, attain, gain, grasp, 
penetrate, strain, aim. 

ANT. Fail, stop, cease, revert, re- 
bate, miss, drop. 

React. SYN. Recoil, result, counter- 
act, rebound. 

ANT. Act, influence, strike, im- 

Read. SYN. Peruse, interpret, deci- 
pher, unravel, discover, recognize, 

ANT. Misread, misinterpret, over- 
look, misobserve. 

Readiness. SYN. Promptness, pre- 
paredness, aptness, alacrity, knack, 
willingness [See ALACRITY]. 

Ready. SYN. Prompt, alert, expedi- 
tions, speedy, unhesitating, dexter- 
ous, apt, skilful, handy, expert, facile, 
easy, opportune, fitted, prepared, dis- 
posed, willing, free, cheerful, com- 
pliant, responsive, quick. 

ANT. Unready, tardy, elow, hesita- 
ting, reluctant, dubitating, awkward, 
unhandy, clumsy, remote, inaccessi- 
ble, unavailable, inopportune, un- 
ruited, unfitted, unprepared, indis- 
posed, unwilling, constrained, grudg- 
ing, unaccommodating, incompliant, 

Real. SYN. Actual, veritable, exist- 
ent, authentic, legitimate, true, gen- 
uine, developed. 

ANT. Fictitious, imaginary, un- 
real, non-existent, untrue, false, arti- 
ficial, spurious, counterfeit, facti- 
tious, adulterated, assumed, pre- 
tended, potential, possible. 

Reality. SYN. Verity, substance, 
truth, existence, genuineness, sub- 

ANT. Fiction, falsehood, untruth, 
hypothesis, supposition, image, fancy, 
shadow, figment, fabrication, insub- 
stantiality, emptinessj hollowuess, 
chimera, unreality. 

Realize. SYN. Substantiate, effectu- 
ate, accomplish, exhibit, produce, ac- 


quire, gain, reap, make, verify, con- 

ANT. Lose, miss, invalidate, dissi- 
pate, misrepresent, falsify, neutral- 
ize, misconceive. 

Really. SYN. Veritably, truly, in- 
deed, unquestionably. 

ANT. Questionably, possibly, per- 
haps, falsely, untruly, fictitiously. 

Realm. SYN. Kingdom, province, 
state, empire, dominion, country [See 

Reap. SYN. Gather, obtain, receive, 
get, acquire, realize, derive, gain. 

ANT. Scatter, squander, dissipate, 
waste, lose. 

Rear. n. SYN. Back, end, tail. 
ANT. Van, front, face. 

Rear. v. SYN. Raise, elevate, breed, 
discipline, erect, train, educate, in- 
struct, foster, establish, construct, 

ANT. Stifle, extinguish, kill, de- 
press, subvert, demolish, destroy. 

Reason, n. SYN. Ground, account, 
cause, explanation, motive, proof, 
apology, understanding, reasoning, 
rationality, right, propriety, justice, 
order, object, sake, purpose. 

ANT. Pretext, pretence, misinter- 
pretation, falsification, misconcep 
tion, disproof, unreasonableness, ab- 
surdity, fallacy, irrationality, wrong, 
unreason, impropriety, unfairness, 
folly, aimlessness, unaccountable- 

Reason, v. SYN. Debate, discuss, ar- 
gue, infer, deduce, conclude [See 

Reasonable [See RATIONAL]. 

Reassure. SYN. Rally, restore, en- 
courage, inspirit, animate, counte- 

ANT. Discourage, cow, brow-bnat, 
intimidate, discountenance. 

Rebel, n. SYN. Revolter, insurgent, 
ANT. Supporter, adherent. 

Rebel, v. [See REVOLT]. 

Rebound, n. SYN. Reaction, ri- 
cochet, reverberation, recoil, resil- 

ANT. Impression, impact, collision, 

Rebound, v. SYN. Recoil, spring 
back, reverberate [See REVKB- 




Rebuff, v. SYN. Rebuke, repel, re- 
pulse, check, snub, oppose [See RE- 

Rebuff", n. SYN. Rebuke, discourage- 
ment, repulsion, check. 

ANT. Welcome, acceptance, encour- 

Rebuke, v. s-, \- Reprove, chide, 
rebuff, reprimand, censure. 

ANT. Approve, encourage, eulogize, 
applaud, incite. 

Rebut. SYN. Meet, retort, annul, 

ANT. Accept, sanction, recognize, 

Recal. SYN. Restore, reassemble, 
revoke, supersede, recollect, call 
back, remember, cancel. 

ANT. Relegate, dismiss, dispense, 
delegate, appoint, commission, for- 

Recant. SYN. Retract, unsay, recal, 
revoke, abjure, renounce. 

ANT. Propound, profess, assert, de- 
clare, enunciate, vindicate, maintain, 
hold, retain. 

Recapitulate. SYN. Summarize, 
rehearse, enumerate, recite, repeat. 

ANT. State, deliver, propound. 
Recede. SYN. Retire, withdraw, 
retreat, retrograde, return, ebb. 

ANT. Approach, advance, flow, pro- 
Receipt, n. SYN. Acknowledgment, 

reception, voucher. 

Receive. SYN. Take, accept, admit, 
hold, entertain, assent to. 

ANT. Give, impart, afford, reject, 
discharge, emit. 

Received. SYN. Accepted, current, 
ordinary, common. 

ANT. Rejected, exceptional, unu- 
sual, uncommon. 

Recent. SYN. Late, new, fresb, 
novel, modern, new-fangled. 

ANT. Ancient, antiquated, primi- 
tive, archaic. 

Receptacle. SYN. Repository, lodg- 
ment, recipient, magazine, store, 
case, berth. 

ANT. Carrier, carriage, convey- 
ance, discharger, consigner. 
Reception. SYN. Admission, ad- 
mittance, acceptance, acceptation, 

ANT. Denial, protest, repudiation, 
rejection, non-acceptance, dismissal, 

discardment, renunciation, abjur- 

Recess. SYN. Cavity, nook, with- 
drawal, retirement, retret, seclusion, 
privacy, vacation, holiday. 

ANT. Promontory, protrusion, pro- 
jection, publicity, work-time. 

Reciprocal. SYN. Alternate, inter- 
changed, mutual, Interchangeable, re- 

ANT. One-sided, unreciprocated, 

Reciprocation. SYN. Interchange, 
exchange, reciprocity. 
\NT. Non-interchange. 

Recital. SYN. Recitation, repetition, 
rehearsal, relation, description, ac- 
count, statement, narrative [See AC- 

Recite. SYN. Narrate, recapitulate, 
say by heart, repeat, rehearse, quote, 
speak, tell, recount, enumerate. 

ANT. Misquote, misdeliver, misre- 
count, misreuumerate, misrepre- 

Reckless. SYN. Careless, heedless, 
incautious, foolhardy, thoughtless, 
rash, over-venturesome, regardless, 
inconsiderate, improvident. 

ANT. Cnreful, heedful, cantious, 
timid, chary, thoughtful, calculating, 
provident, considerate, wary, cir- 

Reckon. SYN. Compute, calculate, 
count, regard, estimate, value, ac- 
count, consider, argue, infer, judge. 

ANT. Mis-compute, miscalculate, 
misestimate, misreckon. 

Reckoning. SYN. Computation, ac- 
cmint, score, bill, charges. 

Reclaim. SYN. Refo m, recal, re- 
cover, regain, rescue, restore, 
amend, convert, better. 

ANT. Vitiate, corrupt, sterilize, 

Reclalmable. SYN. Recoverable, 
amendable, corrigible, convertible, 
improvable, cultivable, redeemable. 

ANT. Irrecoverable, incorrigible, 
unimprovable, reprobate, desperate, 
hopeless, irredeemable. 

Recline. SYN. Lean, slope, rest, lie, 
ANT. Erect, raise, rise, stand. 

Recluse. SYN. Shut, sequestered, re- 
tired, apart, solitary, conventual, reg- 
ular, dissocial. 

KEC 218 

ANT. Public, exposed, frequented, 
social, secular, unsequestered, conviv- 
ial, companionable. 

Ret- Munition. SYN. Kecollection, 
remembrance, memory, coufession, 
avowal, acknowledgment [See MEM- 

Recognize. SYN. Identify, ac- 
knowledge, concede, know again, 
avow, own, allow. 

ANT. Ignore, overlook, misobserve, 
repudiate, disavow, disown, disallow. 

Recoil fSee REBOUND]. 

Recollect. SYN. Recover, recal, re- 
member, bethink, bring to mind, call 
up, think of. 
ANT. Forget, lose. 

Recommend. SYN. Commend, con- 
fide, praise, applaud, approve, ad- 

ANT. Discommend, disapprove, 
warn, dissuade. 

Recompense. . SYN. Requite, re- 
munerate, reward, indemnify, satisfy, 
repay, reimburse, compensate. 

ANT. Damnify, injure, misrequite, 

Recompense, n. SYN. Reward, in- 
demnification, satisfaction, remu- 
neration, amends [See SATISFAC- 

Reconcilable. SYN. Congruous, 
harmonious, compatible, consistent, 

ANT. Incongruous, antagonistic, in- 
consistent, incompatible, irreconcil- 
able, inexcusable, unforgiving. 

Reconcile. SYN. Unite, conciliate, 
propitiate, pacify, harmonize, adjust, 
adapt, suit, reunite. 

ANT. Separate, sever, dissever, es- 
trange, disharmonize, derange, alien- 

Recondite. SYN. Deep, hidden, ab- 
struse, profound, concealed, remote. 

ANT. Superficial, obvious, self-evi- 
dent, patent, familiar, trite. 

Record, r. SYN. Register, enter, 
note, chronicle. 

ANT. Obliviate, eilentiate, sup- 

Record, n. SYN. Registry, entry, en- 
rolment, list, index, catalogue, regis- 
ter, schedule, roll, scroll, enumera- 
tion, inventory, muniment, instru- 
ment, archive, memorandum, remem- 


ANT. Obliteration, oblivion, non- 
registration, desuetude, obsolescence, 
imuiemoriality, disreuiembrauce. 
Record*. SYN. Archives, annals, 
chronicles, proceedings [See AN- 


Recount. SYN. Rehearse, recite, 
narrate, detail, enumerate, specify. 

ANT. Falsify, misrecite, misnarrate, 
misenumerate, misrehearse. 

Recourse. SYN. Reference, aid, ap- 
plication, betaking, refuge. 

ANT. Avoidance, independence, 
omission, abstinence, dispensation, 

Recover. SYN. Regain, repossess, 
resume, retrieve, recruit, heal, cure, 
revive, restore, reanimate, save. 

ANT. Lose, forfeit, miss, sacrifice, 
deteriorate, impair, decay, decline, 

Recovery. SYN. Repossession, re- 
gaining, reinstatement, vindication, 
renovation, restitution, re-establish- 
ment, retrieval, rectification, replace- 
ment, reanimation, resuscitation, re- 
vival, redemption. 

ANT. Loss, forfeiture, privation, de- 
prival, sacrifice, abandonment, re- 
lapse, retrogression, decay, declen- 
sion, incurablenes^, ruin. 

Recreant. SYN. Apostate, traitorous, 
dastardly, craven, false, cowardly, 
unfaithful, renegade, base, recusant. 

ANT. Staunch, true, faithful, chiv- 
alrous, knightly, gallant, loyal, re- 

Recreation. SYN. Refreshment, 
cheer, reanimation, amusement, di- 
version, revival, holiday, sport, pas- 
time, relaxation. 

ANT. Weariness, toil, lassitude, la- 
bor, fatigue, employment, assiduity, 

Recriminate. SYN. Retort, return 
an accusation [See RETOBT]. 

Recrimination. SYN. Eetor*. 
counter-imputation, counter-charge, 

ANT. Acquiescence, acceptance, con- 
fession, silence, assent, avowal. 

Recruit. SYN. Repair, refresh, re- 
new, restore, recover, recreate, in- 
vigorate, revive, reinforce. 

ANT. Waste, lose, impair, relapse, 
decay, decline [See RECOVEB]. 

Rectify. SYN. Straighten, correct. 



a neud, better, adjust, emend, reform, 
redress, regulate, rearrange, re- 

ANT. Pervert, corrupt, derange, 
disorder, distort. 

Rectilinear. SYS. Straight, unde- 
viatlng, right-lined, point-blank. 

ANT. Curvilinear, deflexed, wind- 
ing, tortuous, curved, serpentine. 

Rectitude. SYN. Straightforward- 
ness, uprightness, conscientiousness, 
integrity, right, uprightness, incor- 

ANT. Obliquity, perverseness, 
crookedness, tortuousness, wrong, 
underhandedness, iniquity, immo- 
rality, impropriety, depravity, cor- 

Recumbent. SYN. Lying, leaning, 
trailing, reclining, prostrate, re- 
posing, horizontal. 

ANT. Vertical, erect, uninclined, 

Recur. SYN. Return, come back, be 
repeated, run in the mind, revert, re- 
sort, have recourse [See UETUBN j. 

Recurrent. SYN. Returning, peri- 
odic, frequent, repeated, reiterated, 

ANT. Momentary, continuous, un- 
broken, unintennitted, solitary, tran- 
sitory, evanescent. 

Recusant [See RECREANT, which, 
however, has a wore unfavorable 

Redeem. SYN. Repurchase, regain, 
retrieve, make amends for, recom- 
pense, ransom, liberate, rescue, re- 
cover, satisfy, fulfil, discharge. 

ANT. Pledge, lose, forfeit, abandon, 
betray, surrender, sacrifice. 

Redeemable. SYN. Retrievable, 
recoverable, reservable. 

ANT. Irretrievable, irrecoverable, 

Redemption. SYN. Repurchase, re- 
trieval, ransom, rescue, recovery, sat- 
isfaction, fulfilment, discharge, expi- 
ation, compensation, atonement, sal- 
vation, indemnification. 

ANT. Forfeiture, abandonment, 
loss, deprivation, sacrifice, betrayal, 

Redolence. SYN. Perfume, savor, 
scent, odor. 
ANT. Fetor, stink, ill-savor, 

Redolent [See FBAGBANT]. 

Redouble. SYN. Augment, midtiply, 
intensify, reiterate. 

ANT. Diminish, slacken, weaken, 
reduce, abate. 

Redound, followed by the prep. to. 
SYN. Add, result, issue, tend, accrue, 
contribute, lead, incline, conduce. 

ANT. Fail, miss, swerve, nullify, 
defeat, disappoint, frustrate, injure. 

Redress. SYN. Right, order, revise, 
amend, rectify, remedy, repair. 

ANT. Aggravate, impair, wrong, 
worsen, intensify, establish, confirm, 
reiterate, sanction, deepen, per- 

Reduce. SYN. Lessen, diminish, cur- 
tail, attenuate, impoverish, narrow, 
contract, weaken, impair, subdue, 
subjugate, bring, refer, subject, clas- 
sify, convert. 

ANT. Enlarge, magnify, increase, 
augment, produce, extend, amplify, 
broaden, expand, renovate, invigor- 
ate, restore, repair, liberate, free, 
except, dissociate, transform. 

Reduction. SYN. Diminution, con- 
traction, decrease, abatement [See 

Redundant. SYN. Superfluous, ex- 
cessive, unnecessary, overflowing, 

ANT. Requisite, defective, neces- 

Re-echo. SYN. Resound, rever- 
berate, repeat [See REVERBERATE]. 

Reel. SYN. Totter, stagger, falter. 
ANT. Stand firm, stand steady. 

Re-establish. SYN. Reinstate, re- 
store, refix, renew, confirm again 

Refer. SYN, Attribute, associate, as- 
sign, advert, connect, relate, point, 
belong, allude, apply, appeal. 

ANT. Disconnect, dissociate, mis- 
apply, misappertain, alienate, inisbe- 
seern, disresemble. 

Referable. SYN. Ascribable, attrib- 
utable, owing, imputable. 

ANT. Not referable, not attrib- 

Referee. RYN. Umpire, arbitrator. 

ANT. Litigant, opponent, adver- 

Reference. SYN. Relation, regard, 
intimation, allusion [See RELATION} 

KEF 220 

Refined. SYN. Courtly, polished, ac- 
complished, genteel [See POLITE j. 

Refinement. SYN. Clarification, 
purification, filtration, sublimation, 
polish, elegance, cultivation, civili- 
zation, subtilty, finesse, sophistry. 

ANT. Turbidity, grossness, foul- 
ness, coarseness, impurity, unrefine- 
ment, rudeness, inelegance, boorish- 
ness, broadness, bluntness, unso- 

Refit. SYN. Repair, rearrange, read- 
just, reprovide, reinstate, reorganize. 
ANT. Relegate, disuse, discard, dis- 
organize, dismantle. 

Reflect. SIN. Return, image, mir- 
ror, exhibit, consider, think, cogi- 
tate, meditate, contemplate, ponder, 
muse, ruminate, heed, advert, ani- 

ANT. Divert, dissipate, idle, dream, 
wander, rove, star-gaze, wool-gather, 
connive, disregard, overlook. 

Reflection. SYN. Reflecting, medita- 
tion, thought, cogitation [See 

Refinx. SYN. Return, ebb, redound. 
ANT. Flow, flux, stream. 

Reform. SYN. Amend, ameliorate, 
correct, rectiiy, better, reclaim, re- 
generate, remodel, reconstitute, re- 
organize, improve. 

ANT. Corrupt, vitiate, worsen, de- 
teriorate, perpetuate, stabilitate, con- 
firm, impair, deform, stereotype. 

Reformation. SYN. Amendment, 
reform, improvement, correction 

Refraction. SYN. Disradiation, ob- 

ANT. Incidence, rectilinearity, non- 

Refractory. SYN. Perverse, contu- 
macious, stubborn, unruly, obstinate, 
unmans geable, mutinous, rebellious, 

ANT. Obedient, docile, amenable, 

Refragable. SYN. Refutable, weak, 
questionable, deniable, fallacious. 

ANT. Irrefragable, sound, indis- 
putable, unquestionable, undeniable. 

Refrain. SYN. Forbear, hold, ab- 
stain, keep, restrain, withhold, de- 
sist from. 

ANT. Indulge, venture, continue, 


Refresh. SYN. Cool, refrigerate, In. 
vigorate, revive, reanimate, reno> 
vate, recreate, renew, restore, cheer 
freshen, brace. 

ANT. Heat, oppress", weary, bur- 
den, afflict, annoy, tire, fatigue, ex- 
haust, debilitate, enervate, relax. 

Refreshment. SYN. Relief, invig- 
oration, regalement, entertainment, 
food, nourishment [See RELIEF]. 

Refuge. SYN. Protection, shelter, 
harbor, asylum, retreat, covert, 
hospitality, sanctuary, hiding-place. 

ANT. Ex{>osure, inhospitableness. 
peril, pitfall, snare, Scyila, <Jha- 

Refund. SYN. Repay, return, re- 
store, pay back, reimburse. 

ANT. Appropriate, withhold, divert, 
misapply, embezzle, alienate, misap- 
propriate, expend, misspend. 

Refuse, v. SYN. Deny, withhold, re- 
ject, decline, repudiate. 

ANT. Grant, afford, yield, concede, 

Refuse, n. SYN. Offal, scum, dregs, 
sediment, recrement, sweepings, 
trash, offscourings, debris, remains, 

ANT. Cream, pickings, first-fruits, 
flower, prime. 

Refute. SYN. Negative, disprove, 
neutralize, controvert, repel, confute. 
ANT. Prove, confirm, establish. 

Refutable [See REFRAGABLE j. 

Regain. SYN. Recover, react, repro- 
cure, re-obtain, retrieve, repossess. 
ANT. Miss, lose, forfeit. 

Regal, a. SYN. Kingly, royal, splen- 
did, imperial, magnificent, princely. 

ANT. Beggarly, miserly, mean, 

Regale. SYN. Feast, entertain, grat- 
ify, delight, refresh. 
ANT. Starve, stint, tantalize. 

Regard, v. SYN. Behold, view, con- 
template, esteem, consider, deem, 
affect, respect, reverence, revere, 
value, conceive, heed, notice, mind. 

ANT. Miss, overlook disregard, de- 
spise, dislike, contemn, hate, loathe, 
niisconsider, misconceive, misesti- 
mate, misjudge. 

Regarding. SYN. Touching, con- 
cerning, respecting, with respect to, 
about, in relation to, in reference 'o. 

REG a 

ANT. Barring, disregarding, omit- 

Regardless, a. SYN. Heedless, in- 
considerate, careless, unmindful, in- 
attentive, unobservant, disregarding, 
indifferent, derpising. 

ANT. Careful, considerate, regard- 
ful, attentive, prudent, cautious, cir- 
cumspect, scrupulous, mindful. 

Regards. SYN. Compliments, re- 
spects, commendations. 

Regenerate. SYN. Reproduce, ren- 
ovate, resuscitate, revive, revivify, 
restore, reintegrate. 

ANT. Waste, corrupt, vitiate, dete- 
riorate, degenerate. 

Region. SYN. Country, clime, terri- 
tory, district, tract of land, portion, 

Register [See RECORD]. 

Regression. SYN. Retreat, return, 
retrogradation, retrogression, retire- 

ANT. Advancement, progression, 
aggression, procession. 

Regret, v. SYN. Grieve, lament, re- 
pent, miss, desiderate, deplore. 

ANT. Welcome, hail, approve, 
abandon, abjure, forget, disregard. 

Regret, n. 8 :N. Sorrow, grief, con- 
cern, remorae, lamentation, repen- 
tance [See GRIEF]. 

Regular. SYN. Customary, normal, 
ordinary, orderly, stated, recurrent, 
periodical, systematic, methodic, 
established, recognized, formal, sym- 
metrical, certain. 

ANT. Unusual, exceptional, abnor- 
mal, capricious, rare, irregular, dis- 
ordered, fitful, unsymmetrical, va- 
riable, eccentric, erratic, uncertain. 

Regulate. SYN. Methodize, organ- 
ize, rale, govern [See ARRANGE and 

Regulation. SYN. Rule, law, ad- 
justment, disposal, method, govern- 
ment, order, control, arrangement. 

ANT. Misrule, disorder, anarchy, 
misgovernment, maladministration, 
disarrangement, nonregulation, ca- 
price, license, insubjectiou, uncou- 

Rehabilitate. SYN. Reinstate, re- 
empower, recapacitate, requalify. 

ANT. Denude, divest, disempower. 
Incapacitate, disqualify, strip, de- 


Rehearsal, n. SYN. Repetition, re- 
cital, narrative [See ACCOUNT, it.]. 

Rehearse. SYN. Repeat, recite, nar- 
rate, recount, relate, tell, recapitu- 
late, recount, detail. 

ANT. Mlsrepent, misrecite, misre- 
count, misrelate, misrepresent, niis- 
detail. , 

Reign. SYN. Rule, govern, prevail, 
ANT. Obey, submit. 

Reimburse. SYN. Refund, repay, 
indemnify, satisfy. 

ANT. Embezzle, appropriate, mis- 
apply, alienate, damnify, defraud. 

Rein. SYN. Curb, bridle, restrain, 
moderate, control, govern, check, 

ANT. Indulge, loose,vent, discharge, 

Reinforce [See RECRUIT]. 

Reinstate, SYN. Rehabilitate, re- 
store, reinstal, replace, reinvest. 

ANT. Degrade, remove, relegate, 
dethrone, banish, deprive, divest. 

Reinvest [See REINSTATE]. 

Reiterate. SYN. Repeat, re-express, 
re-enunciate, renew, reproduce. 

ANT. Cancel, withdraw, reverse, 

Reject. SYN. Repel, renounce, throw 
by, cast away, repudiate, decline, dis- 
card, refuse, exclude. 

ANT. Hail, welcome, accept, appro- 
priate, choose, select, admit. 

Rejoice. SYN. Delight, glory, exult, 
joy, triumph, gladden, delight, revel, 
be glad, cheer, please, enliven, grat- 

ANT. Mourn, grieve, lament, weep, 
sorrow, repent, trouble, afflict, op- 
press, weary, depress, disappoint, 
burden, darken, distress, pain, sad- 
den, vex, annoy. 

Rejoinder. SYN. Retort, replication, 
reply, answer, rebutter, parry. 

ANT. Sally, banter, rallying, sar- 
casm, attack, hit. 

Rekindle. SYN. Reignite.resuscitate, 
reiuspire, fan, refocillate, reinforce. 
ANT. Stifle, extinguish, smother, 
suppress, damp, quench. 

Relapse, v. SYN. Retrogress, recede, 

ANT. Recover, amend, progress, 
advance, improve. 



Relapse, n. SYN. Falling back, retro- 
gression, returning to a former state 
(especially a bad state). 

ANT. Kecovery, return, improve- 

Relate. SYN. Tell, recite, narrate, re- 
count, rehearse, report, detail; de- 

ANT. Misrecite, misrecount, mis- 
represent, misreport, falsify, pervert, 
distort, misrelate. 

Related. SYX. Kindred, cognate, 
akin, allied, connected. 

ANT. Unrelated, unconnected, -ot 

Relation. SYX. Beference, aspect, 
connection, narration, proportion, 
bearing, affinity, homogeneity, associ- 
ation, relevancy, pertinency, fitness, 
harmony, ratio, relative, agreement, 
kinsman, kindred, appurtenancy. 

ANT. Irrelation, disconnection, dis- 
sociation, irrelevancy, impertinency, 
disproportion, Disproportion, unfit- 
ness, unsuitableness, heterogeneity, 
disharmony, disagreement, alien. 

Relative. SYN. Referring to, not 
ANT. Absolute. 

Relatives. SYX. Relations, kinsfolk, 
kindred, kinsmen. [See KIN]. 

Relax. SYN T . Slacken, loosen, remit, 
abate, mitigate, release, unbend, re- 
lent, divert, recreate, rest, enervate, 

ANT. Tighten, increase, intensify, 
stretch, bend, brace, invigorate, re- 
double, grow, heighten, strengthen. 

Relaxation. [See RELAX]. 

Relay. SYX. Reinforcement, recruit- 
ment, refreshment, supply, relief. 
ANT. Exhaustion, consumption. 

Release, v. SYX. Free, loose, liberate, 
discharge, quit, acquit, exempt, ex- 
tricate, disengage, indemnify. 

ANT. Bind, constrain, confine, 
shackle, fetter, yoke. 

Release. n.SYN Liberation,discharge, 
freedom [See BONDAGE]. 

Relegate. SYN. Remove, transfer, 
banish, transport, exile, deport, des- 
ANT. Recal, locate, reinstate. 

Relent. SYN. Yield, relax, soften. 
ANT. Persist, harden. 

Eelentle**. SYX. Cruel, inexorable. 

unyielding, remorseless, unmerciful, 

ANT. Yielding, humane, feeling, 
clement, murciful, compassionate. 

Relevancy. [See RELEVANT]. 
j Relevant. SYX. Appropriate, perti- 
nent, apt, applicable, bearing. 

ANT. Inappropriate, impertinent, 

Reliance. SYN. Confidence, trust, 
dependence, assurance. 

ANT. Distrust, misgiving, suspicion, 

Relief. SYX. Succor, support, release, 
extrication, alleviation, mitigation, 
aid, holp, assistance, remedy, re- 
dress, exemption, deliverance, re- 
freshment, comfort. 

ANT. Oppression, aggravation, in- 
tensification, burdensomenoss, troub- 
le, haustion, weariness, discomfort. 

Relieve. SYN. Help, succor [See AL. 

Religion. STN. Faith, creed, theofc 
ogy, belief, profession, piety, sanctity, 
godliness, holiness. 

ANT Unbelief, irreligion, godless- 
ness, atheism, impiety, sacrilege, 
Bcoffing, blasphemy, scepticism, pro- 
fanity, hypocrisy, sanctimoniousness, 
Pharisaism, formalism, reprobation. 

Religious. SYN. Pious, godly, de- 
vout, devotional, divine, holy, sacred. 
ANT. Impious, ungodly, undevout, 
sacrilegious, blasphemous, sceptical, 

Relinquish. SYN. Resign, leave, 
quit, forsake, abandon, desert, re- 
nounce, give up, lay aside, cede. fore- 
go, repudiate, surrender, discontinue. 
ANT. fr-'eize, retain, assume, en- 
force, vindicate, assert, maintain. 
prosecute, defend, continue. 

Relish, v. SYN. Like, approve, enjoy, 

ANT. Repudiate, nauseate, reject, 
abominate, loathe. 

Relish. n. SYN. Zest, recommenda- 
tion, enhancement, flavor, savor, 
gusto, taste, appetite, piquancy, sa- 

ANT. Drawback, disflavor disrecom- 
mendation, nauseousness, disrelish, 
insipidity, unsavoriness. 

Relucent. a. SYN. Bright, shining, 
gleaming, glittering, flashing, lum 




nous, radiant, crystalline, pellucid, ef- 

ANT. Dull, opaque, rayless, leaden, 

Reluctance. SYN. Aversion, repug- 
nance, unwillingness, dislike, regret, 

ANT. Desiro. readiness, willingness, 
promptitude, alacrity, welcome, for- 
wardness, eagerness. 

Reluctant. SYN. Averse, unwilling, 
disinclined, loth, backward. 

ANT. Willing, inclined, eager, for- 

Rely. [See TRUST]. 

Remain, svx. Stay, continue, wait, 
stop, tarry, halt, sojourn, rest, dwell, 
abide, last, endure, accrue, survive. 

ANT, Fly, vanish, remove, depart, 
speed, hasten, press, flit, disappear, 

Remainder. SYN*. Rest, residue, 
remnant, balance, surplus, leavings, 
relics, difference. 

ANT. Expenditure, loss, outgoings, 
issue, waste. 

Remark. STN. Observe, note, heed, 
comment, assert, say, notice. 

ANT. Misobserve, disregard, over- 
look, miss. 

Remarkable. SYN. Observable, no- 
ticeable, extraordinary, unusual, rare, 
striking, noteworthy, notable, dis- 
tinguished, famous, peculiar, promi- 
nent, singular. 

ANT. Unremarkable, unnoticeable, 
ordinary, mean, commonplace, every- 
day, undistinguished. 

Remediable. SYN. Curable, rectifl- 
able, removable. 

ANT. Incurable, irremediable, re- 
mediless, desperate, hopeless, unal- 

Remedial. SYN. Sanatory, sanative, 
alterative, ameliorative, mitigating, 
corrective, curative, healing, restora- 
tive, salubrious. 

ANT. Noxious, hurtful, exaggera- 
tive, confirmative, morbific, deleteri- 
ous, inducive, provocative. 

Remedy. SYN. Cure, restorative, 
counteraction, reparation, redress, 
relief, help, specific. 

ANT. Evil, disease, hurt, infection, 
plague, ill, impairment, deterioration, 
aggravation, provocation. 

Remember. SYN. Recollect, recai, 
retain, bear in miml. uuuil. 

ANT. Forget, obiiviate, disregard, 

Remembrance. SYN. Recollection, 
memory, memorial, token, souvenir, 
memento, reminiscence. 

ANT. Forgetfulness, oblivion. 
Reminiscence. SYN. Remnant, 
relic, trace, savor, leavings. 

ANT. Prognostic, indication, sug- 
gestion, warning, announcement, re- 


Remiss. SYN. Slack, careless, negli- 
gent, i :ittentive, wanting, flow, slotii- 
ful, idle, lax, dilatory, tardy, remiss- 

ANT. Energetic, careful, attentive, 
active, assiduous, alert, painstaking, 
diligent, strict. 

Remlasful [See REMISS]. 

Remit. STN. Relax, pardon, absolve, 
forego, discontinue, surrender, foi- 
give, resign. 

ANT. Increase, intensity, enforce, 

Remittent. SYN. Periodic, recur- 
ANT. Chronic, continuous, constant. 

Remnant [See REMAINDER]. 

Remonstrate. SYN. Expostulate, 
rebel, protest, recalcitrate, object, 
ANT Acquiesce, submit coincide. 

Remorse. SYN. Compunction, an- 
guish, ttelf-condemnation, penitence, 
sting of conscience 

ANT. Complacency, self-approval, 

Remorseless. hYN. Cruel, truculent 
inexorable, ruthless, pitiless, unre- 
lenting, merciless, implacable. 

ANT. Mild, humane, gentle, feel- 
ing, compunctious, lenient, remorse- 
ful, self-condenming, regretful, com- 

Remote. SYN. Distant, indirect, un- 
connected, unrelated, foreign, alien, 
heterogeneous, separate, contingent. 
ANT. Near, close, direct, connected, 
related, lomogeneous, immediate, 
proximate, essential, present, press- 
ing, urgent, actual. 

riomove. SYN. Displace, separate, 
abstract, transport, carry, transfer, 
eject, oust, dislodge, suppress, mi- 
grate, depart. 

ANT. Restore, conserve, stabilitate, 
perpetuate, establish, reinstate, rein- 
Btal, instal, fix, fasten, stay, remain, 
dwell, abide, stand. 

Remunerate. SYN. Reward, recom- 
pense, satisfy, compensate, repay, 
requite, reimburse. 

ANT. Defraud, misreqnite, misre- 
pay, dissatisfy, damnify. 

Remuneration. SYN. Payment, 
compensation, recompense, reward. 

Rend. SYN. Tear, lacerate, divide, 
separate, split, disintegrate, disunite, 
rive, tear asunder. 

ANT. Repair, place, patch, con- 
serve, nnite, perpetuate, continuate. 

Render. SYN. Give, present, return, 
restore, give up apportion, assign, 
surrender, pay, requite, deliver. 

ANT. Keep, retain, withhold, appro- 
priate, alienate, misapportion, mis- 
appropriate, misreqnite. 

Renegade. SYN. Apostate, traitor, 
deserter, heretic, betrayer, back- 
slider, vagabond, turncoat, recreant 

ANT. Supporter, adherent, de- 
fender, bigot, zealot, dogmatist, fa- 

Renew. SYN. Recreate, restore, re- 
fresh, renovate, rejuvenate, furbish, 
recommence, repeat, reiterate, re- 
issue, regenerate, reform, trans- 

ANT. Impair, wear, deteriorate, 
vitiate, exhaust, discontinue, corrupt, 
weaken, defile, deprave. 

Renitent. SYN. Resistent, elastic, 
resilient, reluctant, stubborn, tough, 

ANT. Yielding, lentous, flexible, 
docile, pliant. 

Renounce. SYN. Reject, abjure, dis- 
claim, disown, forego, disavow, deny, 
quit, resign, abandon, recant, relin- 
quish, repudiate. 

ANT. Acknowledge, recognize, 
claim, maintain, assert, propound, 
own, vindicate, avow, profess, hold, 
retain, defend. 

Renovate. [See RENEW]. 

Renown. SYN. Fame, distinction, 
note, notability, eminence, celebrity, 
glory, reputation, lustre, honor. 

ANT. Disgrace, meanness, ignoble- 
ness, degradation, taint, stain, brand, 
discredit, dishonor, disrepute. 

224 REP 

Renowned. SYN. Famous, eeie. 
brated, wonderful, illustrious [bee 

Rent. SYN. Laceration, rupture, fis- 
sure, divulsion, schism, solution. 

ANT. Suture, junction, union, con- 
tinuity, integrity, reparation, redin- 
tegration, reunion, consolidation. 

Renunciation. SYN. Rejection, 
repudiation, abjuration, abnegation, 
abandonment, cession, surrender [See 

Reorganize. SYN. Rearrange, re- 
constitute, re-assemble. 

ANT. Dissolve, disband, dissipate, 
disperse, derange, dismember, disin- 

Repair. SYN. Restore, recover, 
mend, retrieve, relit. 

ANT. Impair, waste, wear, dete- 
riorate, injure. 

Reparable. SYN. Recoverable, 
curable, retrievable. 

ANT. Irreparable, incurable, ir- 

Reparation. SYN. Restoration, 
repair, restitution, compensation, 
satisfaction, amends, indemnifica- 
tion, atonement. 

ANT. Jijur;-, Impairment, deteri. 
oration, waste, wear, defective-He**, 

KV :pay. SYN. Eemuneratv;, reimburse, 
recompense, reward, retaliate, re- 
quite, r.fnnd. 

ANT. Defraud, misappropriate, em- 
bezzle, waste, alienate, extort, con- 
ns^ ate, xact. 

2lo; al . t>. (From Lat. re appellare, 
t' --U back.) SYN. Abolish, revoke, 
rescind, cancel, .-unul. recal, abro- 
gate, reverse, discontinue, rescind 
make void. 

ANT. Continue, establish, pass, in- 
stitute, sanction, enact, perpetuate, 

Repeal, n. SYN. Abrogation, rescis- 
sion, revocation, annulment. 

ANT. Continuance, establishment, 

Repeat. SYN. Reiterate, iterate, re- 
new, cite, quote, relate, rehears^ 
recapitulato, reproduce. 

ANT. Discontinues, drop, discard, 
abandon, ignore, suppress, misre* 
peat, misquute, r nisrecite, misrepre. 
sent, misinterpret, misconvey. 



Repeatedly. SYN. Frequently 
aK'iin and aain, often. 
ANT Seldom, rarely. 
Kepel. SYN. Repulse, reject, refuse, 
deter, resist, check. 

ANT. Promote, propel, welcome, 
advance, accept, encourage, fur- 

Repent. SYN. Grieve, regret, sor- 
row, rue, repine, deplore, lament. 

ANT. Rejoice, persist. 
Repentance. SYN. Penitence, con- 
trition, compunction regret, re- 
morse, borrow, eelf-reproach, self- 

AKT. Impenitence, obduracy, re- 
cusancy, hardness, repr~jation, self- 

Repercussion. SYN. Recoil, rever- 
beration, ricochet, rebound. 
ANT. Impaot, stroke, shock, collis- 
ion, contact. 

Repetition. SYN. Iteration, reiter- 
ation, dwelling upon, diffuseness, 
verbosity, relation, [See RELATION]. 
Vlcpine. SYN. Murmur, grumble, 

ANT. Acquiesce, submit, emile, re- 

Replace. SYN. Restore, supply, sub- 
stitute, reinstate, rearrange, re-estab- 

ANT. Move, abstract, withdraw, re- 
move, damage, deprive. 
Replenish. SYN. Fill, refill, resup- 
ply, stock, satisfy, furnish, enrich. 

ANT. Waste, empty, exhaust, re- 
duce, drain, impoverish. 
Replete, [^ee EMPTY]. 
Repletion. SYN. Fulness, abun- 
dance, amplitude, superabundance, 

ANT. Exhaustion, emptiness, want, 

Reply, v. SYN. Replicate, answer, re- 
spond, rejoin. 

ANT. Ignore, drop, pretermit, pass, 

Reply, n. SYN. Answer, rejoinder, 
response, replication. 

ANT. Pass by, ignoring. 
Report. .. SYN. Announce, relate, 
tell, circulate, notify, narrate, recite, 
describe, detail, communicate, da* 
ANT. Silence, hush, suppress, au*- 

report, misrepresent, miarelato, fal*. 

Report, n. SYN. Tiding*, announo*. 
ment, relation, narration, recital, de- 
scription, communication, declara- 
tion, news, rumor, fame, repute, 
noise, reverberation. 

ANT. Silence, suppression, misan- 
nouDcement, fabrication, noiseless* 

Repose, v. SYN. Lio, recline, couch 
rest, settle, abide, stay, acquiesce, 
lodge, lace, deposit. 

ANT. Rise, stand, vo, wander, 
flit, flutter, remove, trr-jsfer. 

Repose, n. SYN. 1 lest, quiet, stillness, 
ruclinati .n, tranquilli'v, calmness, 
peaceful^.ess, ea_, _.eace, quiescence. 
ANT. Movement, disquiet, unrest, 
agitaiicn, restlessness, disturbance, 
commotion, tumult, distraction, un- 

Repreb -d. SYN. Blam chide, re- 
pro v, > . usure, repriman 

ANT. 1 raise, lax. I. eulogize, sanc- 
tion, appi-ve. 

Ro;>r-ili iil.tle. SYN. Blamable, 
blamew- -*';;, culpable, censurable, 
reproa^habl?, reprovable, objection- 

ANT. Laudable, praiseworthy, irre- 
proacha, it, irreprovable, unexcep- 
tionable innocent, unobjectionable. 

Represent. *N. Portray, delineate, 
) rodu exhibit, personate, state, 
t. scrib Indicate, embody, enact, 
illnstrate, denote, play, dramatize, 
resi -nble. 

ANT. Misportray, misdellneate, dis- 
tort, falsify, caricature, misrepresent. 

Repr .'.entail <n. STN. Likeness, 
personation, semblance, exhibition 
[8o- LIKENESS]. 

R -pr3sentative. n. STN. Agent, 
commissioner, proxy, deputy, substi- 
tute, embodiment, personation, dele- 
gate, vicar, vicegerent, principal, 
bovereign, Constituency. 
ANT. Autocrat, dictator. 

Representative, a. STN. Figura- 
tive, symbolical, delegated to others 

Repress. SYN. Crush, quell, subdue, 
check, restrain, curb, overpower, 
mitigate, damp, calm, control. 
ANT. Raise, rouse, eatcite, agitate. 




aggravate, foment, intensify, foster, 
encourage, stimulate, incite, fan. 

Reprieve, n. SYN. Respite, acquittal, 
suspension, delay, interval, pardon, 
amnesty, intermission. 

ANT. Condemnation, conviction, 
reprisal, retribution. 

Reprimand [See REPREHEND]. 

Reprisal. SYN. Retaliation, retribu- 
tion, self-compensation, self-indemni- 

ANT. Condonation, grace, remis- 
sion, reprieve. 

Reproach, v. SYN. Blame, censure, 
taunt, rebuke, upbraid, reprobate, re- 

ANT. Laud, praise, approve, com- 

Reproach, n. [See APPROBATION]. 

Reprobate, v. SYN. Condemn, da- 
ANT. Sanction, commend, approve. 

Reprobate, a. SYN. Abandoned, cast- 
away, irredeemable, lost. 

ANT. Hopeful, redeemable, salva- 
ble. recoverable. 

Reprobate, n. SYN. Castaway, vil- 
lain, ruffian, miscreant, scapegrace, 

ANT. Example, pattern, mirror, 
model, paragon. 

Reproduce. SYN. Generate, propa- 
gate, imitate, exhibit, represent, copy. 
ANT. Stifle, extinguish, extermi- 
nate misrepresent, misportray. 

Reproduction, n. [See REPRO- 

Reproyable. SYN. Censurable, rep- 
rehensible [See CULPABLE]. 

Reprove [See REPROACH]. 

Repudiate. SYN. Disavow, disown, 
discard, cast off, abjure, renounce, 
disclaim, divorce. 

ANT. Avow, own, vindicate, assert, 
retain, vaunt, claim, profess, recog- 
nize, acknowledge, accept. 

Repugnant. SYN. Hostile, antago- 
nistic, averse, reluctant, unwilling, ir- 
reconcilable, incompatible, inimical, 
adverse, contradictory, loath, hetero- 

ANT. Friendly, coincident, harmo- 
nious, compatible, willing, consistent, 
homogeneous, congruous. 

Repulsive. SYN. Forbidding, deter- 
rent, ungenial, odious, ugly, unat- 
tractive, disagreeable, revolting. 

ANT. Charming, agreeable, attract, 
ive, winning, captivating, fascina- 
ting, alluring, seductive, pleasant. 

Reputable. SYN. Respectable, cred- 
itable, honorable, estimable. 

ANT. Uurespectable, discreditable, 
dishonorable, disgraceful, disreputa- 

Request. t>. SYN. Ask, desire, beg, 
entreat, beseech, petition, supplicate, 
solicit, demand. 

ANT. Command, order, insist, di- 
rect, dictate, enjoin, require, demand, 

Request, n. [See PETITION]. 

Require. SYN. Demand, claim, exact, 
insist upon [See REQUEST, ANT.]. 

Requital [See SATISFACTION]. 

Requite. SYN. Repay, reward, com- 
pensate, recompense, remunerate, 
satisfy, retaliate, punish, avenge, re- 

ANT. Misrequite, defraud, con- 
done, absolve, pardon. 

Rescind. SYN. Revoke, repeal, an- 
nul, cancel, recal, reverse, abrogate. 

ANT. Perpetuate, enforce, main- 
tain, re-enact. 

Rescue, v. SYN. Retake, recover, re- 
capture, liberate, extricate, save, de- 
liver, preserve. 

ANT. Eudanger, imperil, betray, 
surrender, abandon, expose. 

Rescue, n. [See SALVATION]. 

Research. SYN. Investigation, in- 
quiry, scrutiny, examination, explor- 
ation, learning, lore, discovery, elab- 
oration, elimination. 

ANT. Ignorance, superficiality, 
sciolism, misinvestigatiou, shallow- 
ness, oversight, iuobservance. 

Resemblance. SYN. Likeness, sim- 
ilarity, similitude, semblance, repre- 
sentation, portrait, reflection, image. 
ANT. Unlikeness, dissimilarity, dis- 
resemblance, difference, contrariety. 

Resent. SYN. Repel, resist, rebel, re- 
calcitrate, take ill. 

ANT. Acquiesce, submit, condone, 
pardon, overlook. 

Resentful. SYN. Choleric, malicious, 
vindictive, intolerant, insubmissive. 

ANT. Meek, mild, placable, toler- 
ant, forgiving, submissive. 

Resentment. SYN. Anger, ire, in- 
dignation, animosity. 
ANT. Calmness, acquiescence, toler- 




ation, mildness, endurance, forgive- 

Reserve. SYN. Reservation, reten- 
tion, limitation, withholding, appro- 
priation, coyness, shyness, backward- 
ness, secretiveness, taciturnity, mod- 
esty, restraint, constraint. 

ANT. Abandonment, non-reserva- 
tion, surrender, absoluteness, open- 
ness, frankness, forwardness, pert- 
ness, unrestraint, undisguise, trans- 
parency, shazuelessness indiscretion. 

Reserved. SYN. Backwardness, cold, 
silent, cautious, unsociable, sly, bash- 
ful | See FRIGID and SLY]. 

Reside [See ABIUEJ. 

Residence. SYN. 8tny, sojourn, oc- 
cupation, abode, peruoctatiou, dwell- 
ing, location. 

ANT. Migration, travel, locomo- 
tion, absenteeism, non-residence, 

Resident, a. SYN. Abiding, dwelling, 
residing, inhabiting. 
ANT. Migrating, moving. 

Resident, n. SYN. Occupant, dwell- 
er, tenant, sojourner, inhabitant. 
ANT. Stranger, foreigner, visitor. 

Residue [See REMAINDER], 

Resign. SYN. Surrender, abandon, 
return, withdraw, abdicate, submit, 
leave, relinquish, forego, renounce. 

ANT. Retain, claim, appropriate, 
vindicate, grasp. 

Resignation. SYN. Surrender, re- 
liuquishment, forsaking, abandon- 
ment, abdication, renunciation, sub- 
mission, acquiescence, patience, en- 

ANT. Retention, claim, appropria- 
tion, vindication, grasp, resistance, 
rebellion, murmur, dissatisfaction, 
discontent, contumacy, contention, 
protestation, remonstrance. 

Resist. SYN. Withstand, oppose, 
hinder, check, thwart, rebuff, stem, 

ANT. Encourage, promote, aid, ad- 
vance, help, succor, acquiesce, sub- 
mit, suffer, allow, tolerate, permit. 

Resistance. SYN. Opposition, hin- 
drance [See CHECK]. - 

Resistible. SYN. Weak, refutable, 
nugatory, trifling, childish, worth- 
ANT. Overpowering, irresistible, 

irrefragable, resistless, overwhelm- 
ing, conclusive. 

Resolute. SYN. Determined, de- 
cided, steadfast, fixed, steady, con- 
stant, persevering, stout, pertina- 
cious, energetic, dogged, stout heart- 
ed, inflexible, undaunted, uudevi- 
ating, unflinching. 

ANT. Uneiie rgetic, fitful, vacil- 
lating, irresolute, dubious, shilly- 
shally, capricious, variable, ductile, 
undetermined, undecided, weak. 

Resolution. SYN. Separation, de- 
composition, analysis, uu ravelling, 
disentanglement, disintegration, con- 
version, nrnuiess, &c., as under res- 

ANT. Aggregation, composition, 
union, amalgamation, integrity, to- 
tality, incorporation, synthesis, col- 
location, conservation, entangle- 
ment, confusion, conglomeration. 

Resolve [See DECIDE]. 

Resonant. SYN. Resounding, sono- 
rous, musical, metallic, vibratory, 
acoustic, shrill, loud, sharp, vocal, 

ANT. Mute, silent, dead, dumb, 
muffled, wooden, voiceless, stifled, 

Resort, v. SYN. Repair, fly, retire, 
ANT. Shun, ignore, avoid, discard. 

Resort, n. SYN. Assembly, betaking, 
repairing, haunt, frequeutation, em- 
ployment, recourse. 

ANT. Shunning, avoidance, for- 
saking, abandonment, desertion. 

Resound. SYN. Ring, reverberate, 
echo, re-echo, respond. 

ANT. Whisper, murmur, breathe, 
mutter, hum. 

Resource, Resources. SYN. Ma- 
terial, means, productions, supplies, 
expedients, contrivance, wealth, rich- 
es, device. 

ANT. Destitution, barrenness, in- 
anition, exhaustion, lack, drain, non- 
plus, poverty, sterility. 

Respect, v. SYN. Notice, regard, 
honor, prefer, venerate, esteem. 

ANT. Overlook, disregard, dis- 
honor, despise, contemn. 

Respect, n. SYN. Reference, i elation, 
regard, honor, deference. 
ANT. Irrelativeness, disregard, con- 




tempt, dishonor, insult, contumely, 

Respectable, a. SYN. Worthy, 
good, considerable, laudable. 

ANT. Unworthy, bad, unrespectable, 
mean, inconsiderable. 

Respective. SYN. Eelative, apper- 
ANT. Absolute, irrespective. 

Respite [See REPRIEVE]. 

Resplendent. SIN. Brilliant, gor- 
geous, luminous, glittering, flashing, 

ANT. Dead, dull, lustreless, som- 

Respond. SYN. Answer, reply, re- 
join, correspond, tally, accord, meet, 

ANT. Propound, disagree, disac- 
cord, jar, differ. 

Response [See ANSWEB]. 

Responsible [See ACCOUNTABLE], 

Responsive. SYN. Answering, cor- 
respondent, echoing, sympathetic, 

ANT. Alien, unsympathetic, strange, 

Rest, n. SYN. Quiet, repose, cessa- 
tion, tranquillity, peace, security, 
pause, interval, intermission. 

ANT. Tumult, commotion agita- 
tion, disquiet, unrest, insecurity, con- 
tinuity, uninterruptedness, progres- 
sion, restlessness. 

Restitution. STN. Restoration, re- 
turn, indemnification, reparation, 
compensation, amends. 

ANT. Fraud, deprivation, wrong, 
robbery, abstraction, injury. 

Restive. SYN. Stubborn, obstinate, 
uneasy, balky, recalcitrant. 

ANT. Docile, manageable, tracta- 

Restless. SYN. Unquiet, uneasy, dis- 
turbed, sleepless, agitated, roving, 
incessant, tossing. 

ANT. Calm, quiet, reposing, still, 

Restoration. SYN. Recovery, re- 
placement, renewal, renovation, 
redintegration, re-establishment, re- 
turn, revival, restitution, reparation, 
compensation, amends. 

ANT. Loss, lapse, forfeiture, dis- 
placement, deterioration, impair- 
ment, deprivation, abandonment, de- 

parture, injury, waste, abstraction, 
seizure, wrong. 

Restorative. SYN. Compensatory, 
remedial, reparatory, invigorating. 

ANT. Exhaustive, debilitating, wast- 
ing, consumptive. 

Restore. SYN. Return, replace, re- 
fund, repay, reinstate, re-establish, 
renew, repair, recover, heal, cure, re- 

ANT. Abstract, remove, displace, 
appropriate, alienate, deprive, im- 
pair, wound, injure, dilapidate, shat- 

Restrain. SYN. Check, repress, hin- 
der, limit, confine, restrict, withhold, 
curb, coerce, prohibit, narrow, cir- 
cumscribe, reduce. 

ANT. Promote, advance, urge, in- 
cite, aid, liberate, indulge, loose, 
vent, amplify, enlarge, expand, ex- 

Restraint [See CHECK, n.]. 

Restrict [See RESTRAIN]. 

Result, v. SYN. Terminate, end, en- 
sue, eventuate. 

ANT. Originate, arise, precede, 
spring, commence, start, begin. 

Result, n. SYN. Termination, end, 
issue, effect, consequence, product, 
fruit, outcome, upshot, development, 
conclusion, remainder. 

ANT. Beginning, commencement, 
initiative, cause, rise, spring, origin, 
operation, causation, tendeucy, pro- 
duction, antecedent, premonition, 
prognostic, indication. 

Resume. SYN. Recommence, renew, 
return, begin again. 

ANT. Drop, discontinue, intermit, 

Resumption [See RESUME]. 

Resurrection. SYN. Rising, reno- 
vation, resuscitation, regeneration. 

ANT. Death, burial, interment, ex. 

Resuscitate. SYN. Revive, re-excite, 
reanimate, reimrigorate, revivify. 

ANT. Extinguish, lay, prostrate, 

Retain. RYN. Keep, hold, restrain. 
ANT. Abandon, forfeit, surrender. 

Retaliate. SYN. Avenge, retort, re-, 
pay, requite. 
ANT. Pardon, condone, forgive. 

Retaliation. SYN. Revenge, repay- 

BET 229 

ment, retribution, requital, reprisals, 

ANT. Pardon, condonation, forgive- 
ness, r mission. 

Retard. SYN. Clog, hinder, obstruct, 
impede, defer. 

ANT. Accelerate, expedite, pro- 

Retentive. SYN. Preservative, close, 
teuacious, mindful 
ANT. Loose, leaky, oblivious 

Reticence. SYN. Reserve, * eilent- 
ue>s, refrain, repressiveness. 

ANT. Unreserve, abandon, garru- 
lity, freedom. 

Reticent. SYN. Silent, taciturn, 
voiceless, still [See RESERVED and 

Retinue. SYN. Retainers, attendant?, 
suite, pomp, followers, tail, satellites, 
escort, cortege. 

ANT. Non-attendance, unslateliness, 

Retire. SYN. Withdraw, retreat, de- 
part, secede, shrink, repair. 
ANT. Approach, advance. 

Retirement. SYN. Solitude, privacy, 
departure, seclusion, recess, con- 
cavity, retreat. 

ANT. Publicity, approach, advance, 
prominence, protrusion, convexity. 

Retort, n. SYN. Rejoinder, replica- 
tk>", repartee, reciprocation, retalia- 
tion, reply, answer. 

ANT Concession, confession, ac- 
quiescence, acceptance. 

Retort, v. [See REPLY and RETALI- 

Retract. SYN. Withdraw, recal, re- 
voke, unsay, disavow, recant, abjure, 
ANT. Reiterate, repeat. 

Retreat, v. [See RETIRE], 

Retreat, n. SYN. Retirement, de- 
parture, withdrawal, seclusion, soli- 
tude, privacy, asylum, shelter, refuge, 
recess [See RETIREMENT]. 

Retrench. SYN. Reduce, abbreviate, 
diminish, limit, contract, curtail, les- 
sen, economize. 

ANT. Enlarge, increase, extend, ex- 
pand, multiply, amplify, augment. 

Retrenchment, n. SYN. Curtail- 
meut, diminution, reduction. 

ANT. Enlargement, expansion, ex- 

Retribution. SYN. Penalty, repay- 


menf, reward, compensation, punish- 
ment, visitation. 

ANT. Condonation, remission, par- 
don, reprieve, non-retribution, spar- 

Retrievable. SYN. Recoverable, re- 
deemable, hopeful, salvable, reform- 
able, amendable. 

ANT. Hopeless, desperate, irre- 
deemable, irrecoverable, reprobate, 
lost, irreformnble, uuamenduble. 

Retrieve. SYN. Recover, regain, res- 
cue, repair, restore. 

ANT. Lose, forfeit, abandon, betray, 
surrender, inipa r, deteriorate. 

Retrogression. SYN. Retreat, re- 
tirement, decline, relapse. 

ANT. Advance, progress, improve- 
ment, amelioration. 

Retrospect. SYN. Review, survey, 
recollection, reminiscence, reconsid- 

ANT. Prognostication, anticipation, 
speculation, forecasting, prophecy, 

Return. SYN. Recur, revert, reap- 
pear, come back, repay, requite, rec- 
ompense, retaliate, render, restore, 
yield, produce, give back, repay. 

ANT. Depart, remove, vanis-h, dis- 
appear, retain, appropriate, misap- 
propriate, alienate, withhold. 

Reveal. SYN. Unveil, disclose, show, 
communicate, divulge, discover, ex- 
pose, unearth, make known. 

ANT. Hide, obscure, conceal, sup- 
press, cover, cloak. 

Revel. SYN. Carouse, feast, banquet, 
luxuriate, wallow. 
ANT. Fast, abstain, nauseate. 

Revelation. SYN. Discovery, disclo- 
sure, divine communication, apoca- 

ANT. Concealing, veiling, shroud- 
ing, keeping back. 

Revelry. SYN. Carousal, noisy, fes- 
tivity, feast, orgies, wassail. 
ANT. Fast, abstinence. 

Revenge, n. SYN. Retaliation, ven- 
geance, retribution, requital. 

ANT. Condonation, pardon, com- 
passion, remission. 

Revenge, v. [See AVKNOE and RE- 

Revengeful. SYN. Vindictive, unfor- 
giving, uucoinpassionate, spiteful, 


ANT. Unvindictive, forgiving, com- 
passionate, unresentful, generous, 

Revenue. SYN. Income, produce, re- 
turn, proceeds, fruits, wealth, enrich- 

ANT. Outgoings, expenditure, waste, 
deductions, exhaustion, expense, im- 

Reverberate. SYN. Echo, recoil, re- 
flect, revert, resound. 
ANT. Strike, impinge, beat. 

Reverberation [See ECHO]. 

Reverence. SYN. Honor, awe, ven- 
eration, adoration, deference, devo- 
tion, respect, worship, homage. 

ANT. Dishonor, contempt, slight, ir- 
reverent*, contumely, contumacy. 

Reverie. SYN. Dream, day-dream, 
trance, vision, phantasy, ideality, 
wool-gathering, wandering, musing. 

ANT. Study, attention, diligence, 

Reverse, r. SYN. Invert, derange, 
upset, overturn, subvert, annul, coun- 

ANT. Order, arrange, place, collo- 
cate, range. 

Reverse, n. SYN. Inversion, derange- 
ment, counterchange, counterposi- 
tion, opposition, contrariety, contra- 
diction, alteration, change, mutation, 
rear, back, evolution, counterexhibi- 

ANT. Version, arrangement, se- 
quence, order, collocation, position, 
perpetuation, continuance, stability, 
identity, uniformity, regularity, ob- 
verse, front. 

Reversible. SYN. Changeable, ex- 
changeable, countercbangeable, alter- 
able, mutable, revocable, discretional. 
I_HT. Perpetual, unalterable, un- 
changeable, irreversible, absolute, 

Revert. SYN. Return, refer, accrue, 
reaccrue, recur. 

ANT. Depart, escheat, ignore, drop, 
dismiss, discard. 

Review, v. SYN. Reconsider, revise, 
examine, survey, inspect. 

ANT. Discard, dismiss, overlook, 
skim, disregard, mi ^examine. 

Review, n. SYN. Resurvey, retro- 
spect, reconsideration, revisal, re-ex- 
amination, critique, criticism. 

Revile. SYN. Reproach, asuerse, up- 

330 KHB 

braid, malign, slander, calumniate, 
vilify, abuse, blaspheme. 

\NT. Flatter, compliment, eulogize, 
paue-ryrize, laud, extol. 

Revise. SYN. Alter, amend, re-exam- 
ine | See REVIEW]. 

Revive. STN. Reanimate, revivify, 
res-j-icitate, refresh, reassure, re- 
cover, awake, live. 

ANT. Extinguish, kill, depress, ex- 
hau-j. discou rage, droop, fade, wither, 
decline, die. 

Revivify [See REVIVE]. 

Revocable [See REVOKE and RE- 

Revoke. SYN. Recal, withdraw, can- 
cel, annul, rescind, repeal, declare 

ANT. Sanction, enact, perpetuate, 
enforce, reiterate, renew. 

Revolt, v. int. SYN. Rebel, struggle, 
kick, resist, rise, recalcitrate. 
ANT. Acquiesce, obey, submit. 

Revolt, n. SYN. Insurrection, sedi- 
tion, rebellion, mutiny. 

ANT. Submission, acquiescence, 

Revolting. SYN. Shocking, repul- 
sive, disgusting, offensive, horrible, 
hideous, abhorrent. 

ANT. Attractive, genial, pleasing, 
charming, captivating. 

Revolution. SYN. Rotation, peri- 
odicity, return, change, alteration, 
revulsion, revolt, reconstitution, 

ANT. Fixity, permanence, stability, 
conservation, allegiance, stabilitation, 
perpetuation, suppression. 

Revolve. SYN. Contemplate, turn, 
consider, weigh, ponder, examine, 
wheel, rotate, circulate. 

ANT. Discard, disregard, dismiss, 

Revulsion, n. SYN. Revolution, ab- 
horreuce, estrangement, antagonism. 
ANT. Coincidence, harmony, acq'ii- 
escence, sympathy, reconcilement, 
familiarity, reciprocity. 

Reward, v. 'SYN. Compensate, hon- 
or, decoiate, remunerate, pay, recom- 
ANT. Punish, misrequite. 

Rhetorical. SYN. Declamatory, per* 
suasive, oratorical, lively, animated, 

K10 33* 

ANT. logical, calm, cool, deliber- 

Ricb. SYN. Wealthy, opulent, affluent, 
abundant, generous, productive, co- 
pious, fertile, fruitful, valuable, cost- 
ly, high-flavored, luscious, oleagin- 
ous, vivid, deep, bright, superb, gor- 

ANT. Poor, impoverished, impecuni- 
ous, needy, indigent, reduced, ex- 
hausted, unproductive, scanty, nig- 
gardly, barren, sterile, unfruitful, 
valueless, tasteless, watery, pale, beg- 
garly, nude, bald, cold. 

Riches. SYN. Wealth, opulence, afflu- 
ence, wealthlness, richness, plenty, 
abundance, treasure, possessions. 

ANT. Poverty, pauperism, impecu- 
nlosity, neediness, indigence, des- 
titution, necessity, lack, privation, 
beggary, insolvency. 

Riddance. SYN. Quittance, dispensa- 
tion, liberation, escape. 

ANT. Entanglement, burden, nui- 
sance, annoyance. 

Riddle. SYN. Puzzle, enigma, am- 
biguity, problem, paradox. 

ANT. Solution, explanation, state- 
ment, proposition, axiom. 

Ridicule, n. SYN. Derision, banter, 
raillery, burlesque, caricature, mock- 
ery, irony, satire, sarcasm, jeer, 
sneer, cachinnation, disrespect. 

ANT. Veneration, respect, defer- 
ence, salutation, honor, homage. 

Ridicule, v. SYN. Lampoon, deride, 
mock at, laugh at, jeer [See JKER |. 

Ridiculous. SYN. Laughable, ludi- 
crous, droll, contemptible, preposter- 
ous, absurd, grotesque, trifling, 

ANT. Serious, grave, important, 
weighty, considerable, venerable, im- 
posing, majestic. 

Rifle, n. [See RANSACK]. 

Right, n. SYN. Rectitude, correctness, 
straightuess, integrity, justice, truth, 
propriety, fitness, suitableness, claim, 
power, privilege. 

A.NT. Wrong, incorrectness, per- 
verseness, crookedness, disintegrity, 
injustice, falsehood, impropriety, un- 
fitness, usurpation, encroachment, 
force, violence. 

Right, a. SYN. Straight, upright, di- 
rect, lawful, correct, exact, just, fair, 
fit, proper, suitable, equitable. 


ANT. Crooked, indirect, wrong, 
unlawful, inexact, unjust, unfair, un- 
fit, improper, unsuitable. 

Righteous. SYN. Upright, just, god- 
ly, virtuous, uncorrupt, rightful, 
equitable, truthful, conscientious. 

ANT. Unrighteous, perverse, evil, 
unjust, ungodly, vicious, corrupt, 
wrongful, false, uncouscientious, un- 
principled, unjustifinble, abandoned, 
profligate, dishonorable, unfair. 

Righteousness, n. [See PIETY and 

Rigid. SYN. Stiff, unpliant, unflexi- 
ble, stubborn, tough, stark, staunch, 
unswerving, exact, unbending, unde- 
viating, austere. 

ANT. Pliant, docile, flexible, varia- 
ble, mild, lenient, inexact, yielding, 
inconstant, inconsistent. 

Rigor, n. [See RIGID and ASPERITY]. 

Rill. SYN. Streamlet, brook, brooklet, 
creek, rivulet. 
ANT. River, large stream. 

Kind. SYN. Skin, peel, bark, husk. 

ANT. Kernel, meat, wood, pulp, 

Riot. SYN. Noise, uproar, tumult, fray, 
outbreak, mutiny, row, revel, dis- 
turbance, turbulence. 

ANT. Peace, pacification, sobriety, 
quiescence, orderliness. 

Ripe. SYN. Perfect, developed, full, 
matured, seasoned, ready, prepared, 
mellow, mature, advanced, consum- 

ANT. Raw, crude. Immature, imper- 
fect, undeveloped, blighted, unsea- 
soned, sour, unready, unfit, unpre- 
pared, unmellowed, green, withered. 

Rise. r. SYN. Ascend, mount, float, 
soar, grow, arise, tower, slope, ap- 
pear, emerge, spring, originate, ex- 
tend, expand, swell, increase, excel, 
prosper, climb, 

ANT. Descend, decline, smfc, drop, 
diminish, fall, subside, crouch, nestle, 
dip, set, wane, vanish, disappear, ter- 
minate, end, debouch, contract, de- 
crease, fail. 

Blse. n. KYN. Spring, fountain head, 
source [See SOURCE]. 

Risible. SYN. Laughable, ludicrous 

Risk. n. SYN. Hazard, danger, peril, 
exposure, jeopard*. 




ANT. Safety, security, insurance, 
protection, prophylactic. 
Risk. v. SYN. Hazard, peril, jeopard, 

veuture, stake [See HAZABD]. 
Rite. SYN. Form, custom, ceremony, 
observance, usage, celebration. 

ANT. Inobservance, disuse, obso- 
leteness, non-observance, non-cele- 
bration, desuetude. 

Rival, n. SYN. Antagonist, competi- 
tor, co-suitor. 

ANT. Adherent, supporter, com- 
rade, coadjutor, neutral. 
Rival. t>. SYN. Emulate, challenge, 
equal, contend, strive, compete. 

ANT. Succumb, surrender, yield, 
promote, reverence, retire, defer. 
Road. SYN. Public way, highway, 
route, thoroughfare, course, patn- 
way. path. 

Roaiu. SYN. Wander, rove, range, 
stroll, ramble, stray, saunter. 

ANT. Hurry, speed, fly, hasten, 
Roar. SYN. Howl, vociferate, peal, 

yell, boom, resound [See BAWL]. 
Rob. SYN. Plunder, deprive, denude, 
strip, pillage, defraud, cheat, inipov- 

ANT. Compensate, endow, enrich, 
invest, indemnify. 

Robber. SYN. Thief, depredator, 
plunderer, freebooter, brigand, pi- 
rate, highwayman, footpad. 

AST. Guard, esort, protector. 
Robbery. SYN. Theft, larceny, pil- 
lage, plundering, depredation, spoli- 

ANT. Guarding, protecting, indem- 
nifying, compensating, enriching. 
Robe. SYN. Invest, clothe, deck, 
drape, array. 

ANT. Divest, disrobe, unclothe, de- 
nude, strip. 

Robust. SYN. Strong, lusty, brawny, 
able-bodied, sturdy, sinewy, muscular, 
hale, hearty, vigorous, sound, iron. 

ANT. Weak, frail, puny, fragile, 
weakly, delicate, sickly. 
Rogue. SYN. Vagabond, scamp, ras- 
cal, villain, cheat, swindler, sharper. 

ANT. True-penny, gentleman. 
Roguery. SYN. Trickery, cheating, 
chicanery, swindling, vagabondism, 
mischief, fraud, knavery. 

Axr. Honesty, integrity, honor, 
uprightness, conscientiousness. 

Roll. v. SYN. Revolve, wheel, rotate, 
turn over and over, rock, trundle 

Roll. n. ("See RECORD, n.]. 

Rollicking. SYN. Roystering, frolic- 
some, hoydeuish, blustering. 
ANT. Staid, sedate, demure. 

Romance. SYN. Fable, fiction, nov- 
el, marvel, rhapsody, rodomontade, 
gasconade, balderdash. 

ANT. History, narrative, truth, 

Romantic. SYN. Fabulous, rhapso- 
dical, wild, extravagant, fanciful, 
fictitious, sentimental. 

ANT. Historical, literal, truthful, 
unromantic, unvarnished, unadorn- 

Room. SYN. Space, ground, com- 
pass, extent, locality, opportunity, 
capability, (xicasion, margin, capac- 
ity, admission. 

ANT. Restriction, limitation, con- 
finement, incapability, exclusion, 

Roomy [See SPACIOUS]. 

Root. SYN. Radix, radicle, stem, ori- 
gin, source, spring, rise, commence- 
ment, parent. 

ANT. Branch, ramification, out- 
come, product, issue, progeny. 

Rooted. SYN. Fixed, established, 
grounded, based, inveterate, domi- 
ciled, naturalized, installed. 

ANT. Unestablished, insecure, un- 
certain, wavering, unsettled, oscil- 
lating, dubious, precarious, super- 
ficial, specious, propped, bolstered, 

Rot. SYN. Putrefactiou,corruption,pu- 
trescence, mouldiness, mildew, decay. 
ANT. Integrity, wholesomeness, 
soundness, vigor, preservation, pu- 
rity, healthiness, sweetness. 

Rotation. SYN. Turn, series, order, 
succession, revolution, course, rever- 
sion, recurrence. 

ANT. Simultaneity, perpetuity, con- 
stancy, uon-intermittence, contempo- 

Rotten [See PrrrEm]. 

Rotundity. SYN. Roundness, con- 
vexity, circularity, sphericity, glob- 
osity, prominence, protuberance, in- 

ANT. Concavity, flataeaa, angu- 


Rough. SYN. Uneven, harsh, bristly, 
scabrous, rugged, knotty, unpolished, 
boisterous, tempestuous, stormy, 
coarse, craggy, gruff, crude, severe, 
shaggy, disordered, unrefined, un- 
courteons, rude, unghaped, churlish, 

ANT. Even, smooth, level, polished, 
glabrous, glossy, glassy, silky, sleek, 
velvety, calm, tranquil, refined, 
courteous, courtly, shapely, shaped, 
finished, oily, specious. 

Round. SYN. Circular, globular, 
spherical, entire, complete, rotund, 
smooth, plump. 
ANT. Flat, angular, concave. 

Roundabout [See CIRCUITOUS]. 

Rouse. SYN. Wake, excite, agitate, 
startle, surprise. 

ANT. Compose, allay, calm, soothe, 
quiet, repress. 

Rout [See DEFEAT], 

Route. SYN. Way, course, passage, 
march, path, track, direction. 

Routine. SYN. Round, course, suc- 
cession, order, rule, custom, system, 
sequence, gradation, rotation, ster- 
eotype, prescription, tenor, uniform- 
ity, method, settlement, regulation. 

ANT. Casualty, chance, lottery, 
fortune, impulse, interest, individu- 
ality, merit, spontaneity, alterable- 
ness, margin, deviation, modifica- 

Rove [See ROAM]. 

Row. n. SYN. Series, order, rank, 
sequence, continuation, continuity, 
file, string, concatenation, thread. 

ANT. Dissociation, disconnection, 
rupture, intermission, hiatus, solu- 
tion, failure, gap, discontinuance, 
dissolution, inconsequence, derange- 
ment, deviation, flexion, deflexion, 
irregularity, sinuosity, flexuosity. 

Row. n. [See RIOT]. 

Royal [See REGAL]. 

Rubbish. SYN. r>e"bris, waste mat- 
ter, fragments, litter, dross, refuse, 
lion sense, trash. 

ANT. [met] See Cream and Non- 

Rubicund. SYN. Ruddy, flushed, 
red, sanguine, blushing. 

ANT. Pale, wan, pallid, exnanguin- 

Ruddy [See RUBICUND]. 

Rude. SYN. Impertinent, rough, un- 


ereu, shapeless, unfashioned, artless, 
unpolished, uncouth, inelegant, rus- 
tic, coarse, vulgar, clownish, raw, un- 
skilful, untaught, illiterate, ignorant, 
uncivil, saucy, impolite, impudent, 
insolent, surly, currifb, churlish, bru- 
tal, uncivilized, barbarous, savage, 
violent, tumultuous, turb'ilent. Im- 
petuous, boisterous, harsh, inclem- 
ent, severe, Insulting, grotesque,, 
barbaric, archaic. 

ANT. Modest, bashful, civil, court- 
eous, ceremonious, deferential, 
smooth, even, artistic, polished, fash- 
ioned, courtly, elegant, high-wrought, 
polite, accommodating, considerate, 
refined, gentle, peaceful, culm, genial, 
balmy, halcyonic, eerene, placid, 
modern, modish, fashionable. 

Rudiment. SYN. Principle, begin, 
ning, germ, seed, embryo, element, 
nucleus, initiation, commencement. 

ANT. Perfection, comp'etion, de- 
velopment, expansion, organization, 
fruit, maturity, consummation, pro- 
duct, issue. 

Riidimental [See ELEMENTARY]. 

Rue [See REPENT]. 

Ruffle. SYN. Wrinkle, roughen, dis. 
compose, disturb, agitate, disorder, 
derange, disarrange, confute, excite. 
ANT. Smooth, allay, equalize, com 
pose, quiet, arrange, caitu, btroka 

Rufllan. SYN. Villain, cut-throat, 
brutal fellow, bully. 

Rugged. SYN. Uneven, bristly, shag- 
gy, rough, wrinkled, rude, harsh, 
hard, crabbed, severe, austere, surly, 
turbulent, inclement, bluff, blunt, un- 
tutored, churlish, unpolished, dim. 

ANT. Even, smooth, polished, gla- 
brous, silky, glassy, refined, fine, fin- 
ished, soft, mild, courtly, courteous 
[See RUDK]. 

Ruin. SYN. Fall, destruction, defeat, 
overthrow, lapse, collapse, desolation, 
downfall, perdition, subversion, de- 
cay, decadence, prostration, dilapida- 
tion, disorganization. 

ANT. Rise, success, prosperity, sal- 
vation, rescue, recovery, stabilitatiou, 
conservation, regeneration, revivifi- 
cation, reparation, renascence, er- 
gauization, construction. 

RiiinotiM [See PKBNICIOUS]. 


Rule. n. SYN. Regulation, law, pre- 
cept, principle, maxim, practice, 
guide, canou, order, method, direc- 
tion, authority, control, mastery, 
government, decision, determination, 

ANT. Irregularity, non-conformity, 
exception, deviation, eccentricity. 

Rule. v. SYN. Govern, manage, con- 
trol, direct, command, dominate [See 

Ruling. SYN. Governing, reigning, 
controlling, masterful, predominant, 
regulating, prevalent. 

ANT. Obeying, yielding, subserv- 

Ruminate. SYN. Muse, meditate, 
ponder, think, reflect, cogitate, 

ANT. Unbend, relax, idle, gape, 

Rumor. SYN. Report, repute, hear- 
say, publication, bruit. 

ANT. Authentication, verification, 
proof, evidence, notoriety. 

Rumple. SYN. Ruffle, wrinkle, 
crease, crumple, pucker, corrugate, 
derange, roughen, 
ANT. Smooth, flatten, arrange. 

Run. SYN. Course, go, speed, hasten, 
hurry, fly, rush, escape, retreat, pass, 
proceed, flow, ooze, leak, melt, fuse, 
confuse, blend, extend, reach, work, 
operate, traverse, tend, incline. 

ANT. Walk, saunter, lounge, drag, 
stay, stop, halt, hobble, resist, hold, 
stanch, stand, fail, drop, expire, dis- 
incline, hesitate. 

Rupture. SYN. Breaking, bursting, 
tearing, laceration, partition, disrup- 
tion, breach, dissolution, fracture, 
break, severance, disseverance, dis- 
cerption, disorganization, separation, 
dilaceration, dismemberment. 

ANT. Union, uniting, healing, fu- 
sion, amalgamation, coalition, suture, 
junction, reunion. 

Rural. SYN. Countrified, rustic, agri- 
cultural, bucolic, verdant, sylvan, 
grassy, arcadian, pastoral. 
ANT. Urban, oppidan, civic. 

Rush. SYN. Speed, course, dash, 
sweep, hurry, stream, roll, charge, 
drive, fly, burst. 
ANT. March, saunter, lag, retreat, 

, bait, hesitate. 

234 SAC 

Rust. n. SYN. Corrosion, crust, dross, 
indolence, inactivity, decay, canker, 

ANT. Polish, attrition, use, action, 
operation, activity, exercise, indus- 

Rustic, n. SYN. Clown, boor, clod, 
s-wu. j. luuc, booby. 

ANT. Beau, savant, dandy, man of. 
the wond. 

Rustic, a. SYN. Rural, agricultural, 
bucolic, nomadic, sylvan, verdant, 
pastoral, rude, awkward, unpolished, 
clownish, clumsy, rough, coarse, 
plain, unsophisticated, simple, art- 
less, primitive. 

ANT. Urban, oppidan, civic, fash- 
ionable, modish, elegaut, sophistica- 
ted, refined, courtly, polished. 
Rusticity. SYN. Rudeness, clown- 
istmess, boorishness, coarseness, 
simplicity, artlessness. 

ANT. Courtliness, refinement, pol- 
ish, gentility, urbanity. 
Rustle. SYN. Quiver, whisper, susur- 
ration, murmur, sighing. 

ANT. Hubbub, blast, din, racket, 

Ruthless. SYN. Unpitying, unrelent- 
ing, truculent, unsparing. 

ANT. Tender, regretful, lenient, 
compassionate, forbearing, long-suf- 

Rutilant. SYN. Igneous, flammifer- 
ous, flaming, blazing, coruscant, me- 
teoric, flashing, scintillant. 

ANT. Glowing, incandescent, gleam- 


SABLE. SYN. Dark, black, sombre, 

ANT. Bright, light, white, ivory. 
Sacerdotal. SYN. Priestly, hierarch- 
ical, clerical. 

ANT. Laic, congregational. 
Sack. SYN. Plunder, pillage, ravage, 
waste, spoil. 

ANT. Spare, indemnify, protect, 

Sacred. SYN. Holy, divine, hallowed, 
consecrated, religious, inviolable. 

ANT. Unholy, common, profane, 

Sacrifice, v. SYN. Offer, immolate, 
destroy, su -render, forego. 




ANT. Reserve, retain, appropriate, 

Sacrifice, n. SYN. Offering, oblation, 
immolation, surrender, destruction, 
atonement, propitiation, appease- 
ment, expiation. 

ANT. Reservation, appropriation, 
retention, salvation, rescue, offence, 

Sad. SYN. Heavy, grave, dull, sorrow- 
ful, woe-begone, calamitous, dismal, 
doleful, mournful, gloomy, dejected, 
depressed, cheerless, serious, down- 
cast, grievous, melancholy, satur- 

ANT. Light, light-hearted, cheerful, 
joyful, joyous, gay, glad, exhilarating, 
exhilarated, happy, blithe. 

Saddle. SYN. Impose, burden, load, 
shackle, clog, charge, encumber. 

ANT. Rid, relieve, exonerate, dis- 
burden, liberate, disencumber. 

Safe. SYN. Secure, unendangered, se- 
cured, sure, protected, impregnable, 
trustworthy, certain. 

ANT. Insecure, imperilled, danger- 
ou;-, Hazardous, exposed. 

Safeguard. SYN. Security, pro- 
tection [See DEFENSE]. 

Sagacious. SYN. Intelligent, dis- 
criminating, acute, wise, prudent, 
foreseeing, shrewd, penetrating, sa- 

ANT. Dull, obtuse, unintelligent, 
stolid, uudiscerniug. 

Sage. SYN. Philosopher, savant, lit- 

ANT. Fool, Imbecile, Colt, block- 

Sailor. SYN. Seaman, mariner, nav- 
igator, seafarer, tar. 
ANT. Landsman. 

Saintly. SYN Pure, holy, spiritual, 
heavenly-minded, pious, godly. 

ANT. Impious impure, unholy, un- 
spiritual, ungodly, carnal, foul, 
worldly, earthly-minded, sinful. 

Sake. SYN. Account, behalf, purpose, 
end, regard, reason, cause [See BE- 

Salient. SYN. Projecting, springing, 
jutting, abutting, prominent, con- 
tpicuous, important, noteworthy. 

ANT. Retreating, retiring, return- 
Ing, rebated, unimportant, minor, in- 
considerable, subordinate. 

Sally. SYN. Burst, start, issue. 
ANT. Retire, retreat, withdraw. 

Salubrious (See HEALTHY], 

Salubrity. SYN. Healthiness, th- 
fuluess, wholesomeness, salutarines*. 
ANT. Unwholesomeness, unhealthi- 
ly--, insalubrity. 

Salutary [See WHOLESOME]. 

Salutation [See WELCOME]. 

Salute. SYN. Hall, compliment, ac- 
cost, welcome, greet. 

ANT. Ignore, insult, pass, disregard, 
dishonor, scorn, affront. 

Salvation. SYN. Preservation, sav- 
ing, redemption, rescue, deliverance. 
ANT. Destruction, perdition, dam- 

Salve. SYN. Heal, cure, mollify, re- 
dress, remedy, mend, relieve. 

ANT. Wound, hurt, irritate, injure, 
aggravate, scarify. 

Same. SYN. Identical, self-same, sim- 
ilar, corresponding. 
ANT. Other, different. 

Sameness [See IDENTITY]. 

Sample. SYN. Specimen, pattern, 
illustration, case, exemplification, 

ANT. Exception, deviation, abnor- 
mity, monstrosity, variety, nonde- 
script, hybrid, nonsuch. 

Sanative | See SANATORY and 

Sanatory. SYN. Curative, sanative, 
remedial, therapeutic, hygienic, san- 

ANT. Morbific, pestilential, noxious, 
unwholesome, pernicious. 

Sanctlflcation. SYN. Justification, 
absolution, consecration, holiness. 

Sanctify. SYN. Consecrate, hallow, 
celebrate, purify, justify, sanction, 

ANT. Desecrate, profane, miaob- 
serve, pollute, disannul. 

Sanction, n. SYN. Rectification, 
authorization, authority, counte-- 
nance, support, seal, allowance. 

ANT. Nullification, disallowance, 
discountenance, prohibition. 

Sanction, v. SYN. Authorize, coun- 
tenance, confirm, ratify [See AP- 

Sanctity. SYN. Holiness, sacrednesg, 
godliness, piety, solemnity. 

ANT. UnholiuesH, profai eness, un- 
godliness, impiety, secularly. 


Sanctuary. SYN. Shrine, adytum, 
asy.urn, refuge, security, protection, 

ANT. Pitfall, trap, snare, betrayal, 
violation, extradi'ion. 
Sanguinary. HVN. Bloody, trucu- 
lent, bloodthirsty, murderous. 

ANT. Lenient, moderate, chival- 
rous, generous, sparing, forbearing. 
Sanguine. SYN. Warm, ardent, live- 
ly, animated, hopeful, confident, 

ANT. Cold, frigid, desponding, dis- 
trustful, croaking, misgiving, suspi- 
cious, cautious, unventuresome, 
timid, anxious, diffident, solicitous. 
Sanitary [See SANATOBY_|. 
Sanity. SYN. Rationality, soundness, 
reasonableness, lucidity, wisdom. 

ANT. Insanity, madness, lunacy, 
derangement, alienation, dementa- 
tion, hallucination, folly. 
Sapid. SYN. Tasty, relishing, savory, 
piquant, palatable, toothsome, deli- 

ANT. Dry, flavorless, distasteful, 

Sapidity. SYN. Sapidness, savori- 
ness, taste, eavor. 

ANT. Savorless, tasteless, insipid, 

Sapient. SYN. Sage, sagacious, know- 
ing, wise, discerning. 

ANT. Foolisn, uudiscerning, blind, 
stoli I. 

Sarcasm. SYN. Gibe, chaff, ironv, 
jeer, satire, ridicule, taunt, sardoni- 

ANT. Eulogy, compliment, panegy- 
ric, eulogium. 
Sarcastic. SYN. Satirical, ironical, 

taunting, severe [See SATIRICAL]. 
Satanic. SYN. Fiendish, devilish, in- 

ANT. Angelic, seraphic, heavenly. 
Sate. SYN. Satiate, glut, surfeit. 

ANT. Stint, starve. 

Satellite. KYN. Attendant, follower, 
subordinate, shadow, associate, 
hanger-on, second. 

ANT. Leader, principal. 
S*tiate. SYN. Gorge, cloy, satisfy 

fully [See SATF.]. 

Satire. SYN. Invective, sarcasm, bur- 
lesque, lampoon, pasquinade, irony, 
ANT. Eulogy, panegyric, laudation. 

236 SAT 

Satirical. SYN. Cutting, poignan^ 
sarcastic, bitter, ironical, invective. 

ANT. Complimentary, flattering, 
laudatory, panegyric, eulogistic. 

Satisfaction. SYN. Contentment, 
content, complacency, pleasure, re- 
compense, compensation, amends, re- 
muneration, indemnification, atone- 

ANT. Discontent, grievance, dissat- 
isfaction, pain, vexation, annoyance, 
injury, wrong, fraud, robbery, obli- 
gation, demand, claim, damnification, 
transgression, offence. 

Satisfy. SYN. Satiate, content, sate, 
please, fill, gratify, suffice, recom- 
pense, compensate, remunerate, in- 
demnify, assure, convince, meet, ful- 

ANT. Stint, starve, deprive, dissat- 
isfy, tantalize, half-satisfy, annoy, 
displease, defraud, deprive, injure, 
cheat, shak*, disown, repudiate, stag- 
ger, pore, embarrass, puzzle. 

Saturate. SYN. Soak, impregnate, 
infuse, steep, sate. 

ANT. Wring, drain, exsiccate, dry, 
divert, empty, deprive, disiinpreg- 

Saturnine. SYN. Dull, heavy, grave, 
phlegmatic, gloomy, leaden, som- 

ANT. Jovial, gay, light-hearted, 
joyous, bright, merry. 

Saucy. SYN. Pert, forward, flippant, 
impudent, insolent, disrespectful. 

ANT. Deferential, civil, respectful, 
fair-spoken, gloziug, mealy-mouthed, 
obsequious, servile, snivelling, slav- 

Saunter. SYN. Roam, loiter, linger, 
stroll, wander, lag, dawdle, lounge, 

ANT. Speed, course, press, hasten, 
drive, push, scramble. 

Savage. SYN. Ferocious, ferine, 
wild, uncultivated, untamed, un- 
taught, uncivilized, unpolished, rude, 
brutish, brutal, heathenish, barba- 
rous, cruel, fierce, inhuman, trucu- 
lent, pitiless, merciless, murderous, 
violent, malevolent. 

ANT. Mild, docile, domesticated, 
tame, tractable, meek, timid, shrink- 
ing, cultivated, tamed, taught, civ- 
ilized, educated, refined, Christian- 
ized, polished, humane, generous, 




chivalrous", merciful, clement, for- 
bearing, courtly, subdued, self-con- 

Save. SYN. Preserve, rescue, secure, 
reserve, spare, hiuder, obviate, pre- 
vent, snatch, catch, economize, hus- 

\NT. Lose, betray, abandon, de- 
stroy, surrender, iiupo-r, facilitate, 
promote, induce, occasion, cause, 
miss, expose, imperil, endanger, risk, 
waste, lavish. 

Saving | s, . FRUGAL]. 

Savior. SYN. Redeemer, JESUS 
CHRIST, Mediator, Messiah, The 
Anointed, The Word. 

Savory [See SAPID]. 

Say. SYN. Utter, tell, speak, pro- 
nounce, declare, assert, allege, affirm, 
repeat, rehearse, recite, judge. 

ANT. Suppress, secrete, silentiate, 
repress, misdeclare, misrecite, mis- 
deliver, missay, misjudge, mispro- 

Saying. SYN. Assertion, maxim, saw, 
dictum, declaration, speech, byword, 
proverb, aphorism, apothegm. 

ANT. Dissertation, disquisHion, es- 
say, ratiocination, rigmarole, yarn, 

Scale. SYN. Layer, lamina, flake. 

Scandal. SYN. Offence, reproach, 
disgrace, defamation, libel, shame, 
in'amy, detraction, slander, calumny, 

ANT. Eulogy, fame, honor, respect, 

Scandalize. SYN. Disgrace, dis- 
gust, shock, offend, defame, re- 
ANT. Honor [See REPROACH]. 

Scant. SYN. Short, insufficient, mean, 
niggardly, stingy, narrow, limited, 
chary, sparing. 

ANT. Full, ample, liberal, gen- 
erous, bountiful, unmeasured. 

Scanty [See SCANT]. 

Scantling [See SAMPLE]. 

Scar. n. SYN. Cicatrix, blemish, dis- 
figurement, mark, seam, spot, re- 
ANT. Obliteration, effacement. 

Scarce. SYN. Rare, infrequent, in- 
abundant, unique, uncommon, unu- 
sual, singular, precious, choice, few, 
wanting, sparse. 
ANT. Common, frequent, abundant, 

valueless, thick, plentiful. 

Scarcity. SYN. Deficiency, lack, in- 
frequency, want, dearth, rarity. 

ANT. Plenty, abundance, fre- 

Scare. SYN. Terrify, affright, intim- 
idate, frighten, deter, dismay, daunt. 
ANT. Reassure, encourage, entice, 

Scarify. SYN. Cut, scratch, incise, 
Irritate, torment. 

ANT. Heal, salve, soothe, mollify, 

Scatheless. SYN. Unhurt, unscath- 
ed, uninjured, undamaged, whole, 
ANT. Wounded, injured, damaged. 

Scatter. SYN. Strew, sprinkle, dis- 
perse, spread, broadcast, dissipate, 
disseminate, propagate, squander. 

ANT. Collect, accumulate, heap, 
gather, save, husband. 

Scene. SYN. Spectacle, show, exhi- 
bition [See PAOEAKT]. 

Scent. SYN. Odor, perfume, tmeU 

Sceptic. SYN. Doubter, infidel, un 
beUever, deist. 
ANT. Believer. 

Scepticism. SYN. Doubt, unbelief, 
infidelity, incredulity. 
ANT. Faith, belief, credulity. 

Scheme. SYN. Plan, project, design, 
contrivance, purpose, draft, propo-al, 
device, plot, theory, intrigue, mach- 

ANT. Miscontrivance, bungle, mis- 
arrangement, blunder. 

Schism. SYN. Division, separation, 
disruption, secession, diversity, sec- 
tarianism, breach, dissent, disco- d. 

ANT. Unity, integrity, catholicity, 

Scholar. SYN. Pupil, learner, dis- 
ciple, student, schoolman, scientist, 
savant, gownsman, linguist. 

ANT. Master, teacher, preceptor, 
professor, ignoramus, dunce. 

Scholarship. SYN. Lore, learning, 
erudition, attainments, culture [See 

Science. SYN. Knowledge, Informa- 
tion, skill, experience, expertness, 
comprehension, understanding, in- 
vestigation, truth. 

ANT. Ignorance, inexperience, Tin- 
familiarity, incomprehension, error, 

SCI 238 

fallacy, empiricism, smattering, scio- 

Scientific. SYN. Philosophical, ac- 
cording to general principles, or 

ANT. Unscientific. 

Sciolism. SYN. Shallowness, super- 
licialness, smattering, imperfect 

ANT. I)epth, profundity, profouud- 

Scion. SYN. Slip, off-shoot, cadet, 
branch, child. 

ANT. Stem, stock, parent, root. 
Scoffi SYN. Sneer, mock, jibe, jeer, 
contemn, scout, deride, ridicule. 

ANT. Compliment, salute, respect, 

Scold. SYN. Chide, rail, reprimand, 
reprove, bra-vl, rebuke, abuse. 

ANT. Praise, encourage, compli- 
ment, laud, flatter. 

Scope. SYN. Aim, object, mark, end, 
design, purpose, intention, drift, 
room, occasion, opportunity, liberty. 
ANT. Avoidance, non-intention, 
pretermission, inadvertence, acci- 
dent, aimlessness, deviation. 
Scorn, v. SYN. Contemn, despise, 
slight, disdain, disregard, sibilate, 
vilipend, spurn, scout. 

ANT. Honor, regard, esteem, ven- 
erate, respect, applaud, salute. 
Scorn, n. SYN. Mockery, disdain, 
contempt, sneer, slight, opprobrium 
[See SNEER]. 

Sconndrel. SYN. Villain, vagabond, 
knave, swindler, miscreant, repro- 

ANT. Man of honor, gentleman. 
Scour. SYN. Purge, cleanse, rinse, 

ANT. Soil, begrime, besmear, foul, 
pollute, aefile, dirt. 

Scourge. SYN. Punishment, bane, 
curse, undoing, visitation. 

ANT. Blessing, redemption, saving, 
reward, benefaction. 
Scoiirings. SYN. Offal, dregs, lees, 
off-scourings, refuse, dross, scum. 

AHT. Cream, elite, pickings, bloom, 

Scout, v. [See SCORN, .] 
Scowl. SYN. Frown, discountenance, 
browbeat, lower, glower. 

ANT. Smile, encourage, coun- 


Scraggy. SYN. Jagged, lean, bony, 
uneven, gaunt, skinny, raw, angular. 
ANT. Plump, fat, round, rounded. 

Scramble, v. SYN. Struggle, hurry, 
ANT. Lag, dawdle, loiter, saunter. 

Scramble, n. SYN. Hurry, bustle, 
struggle, confusion, turmoil, ferment, 
commotion, bear-garden, babel, vor- 

ANT. Order, orderliness, arrange- 
ment, leisureliness, method, uniform- 

Scrap. SYN. Scantling, piece, morsel, 
fragment, atom, bit, portion. 
ANT. Whole, integrity, mass, lump. 

Scrape, v. SYN. Grate, abrade, con- 
fricate, rasp, scratch, mark, groove. 

ANT. Lubricate, polish, levigate, 
dig. indent, wound. 

Scratch, v. [_See SCRAPE]. 

Scream. SYN. Screech, shriek, 

Screen, v. SYN. Shelter, protect, de- 
fend, hide, palliate, mitigate, curtain, 
cloak, defend, harbor, fence, ward, 

ANT. Open, expose, surrender, be- 
tray, aggravate, exaggerate, prose- 

Scriptural. SYN. Biblical, orthodox, 
revealed, inspired. 

ANT. Profane, unrevealed, unor- 
thodox, unbiblical, unscriptural. 

Scruple, n. SYN. Misgiving, doubt, 
hesitation, qualm, reluctance, ques- 

ANT. Becklessness, unscrupulous- 
ness, confidence, assurance, self-satis- 
faction, self-approval, self-compla- 

Scruple, v. [See HESITATE]. 

Scrupulous. SYN. Conscientious, 
dubious, diffident, punctilious, exact, 
cautious, nice, precise, reluctant. 

ANT. Beckless, unscrupulous, un- 
hesitating, confident, self-satisfied, 
self-complacent, eager. 

Scrutinize. SYN. Examine, probe, 
search into, sift [See EXAMINE]. 

Scrutiny. SYN. Search, investiga- 
tion, sifting, inspection. 

ANT. Oversight, misobserva ion, 
disregard, connivance. 

Sculpture. SYN. Statuary, carving, 
plastic work, carved art. 

Scurrilous. SYN. Opprobrious, foul- 




mouthed, obscene, offensive, re- 
prouchtul [See ABUSIVE]. 

Scurrility. SYN. Buffoonery, deri- 
sion, ecomng, mockery, jeering, 

ANT. Deference, eulogium, flattery, 

S-a. SYN. Ocean, deep, main. 
ANT. Shore, land. 

jieal. SYN. Close, fasten, confirm, 
sanction, ratify. 

ANT. Unseal, unclose, open, annul, 
cancel, abrogate, disratify, disaffirm, 

Search, v. STN. Inspect, explore, 
scrutinize, seek, investigate, inquire. 
ANT. Pretermit, disregard, aban- 
don, misinvestigate. 

Search, n. SYN. Exploration, pur- 
suit, quest, inquiry [See SCRUTINY]. 

Season. SYN. Period, time, conjunc- 
ture, while, occasion, opportunity, 
suitableness, timeliness. 

ANT Untimeliness, unsuitableness, 
contretemps, unseasonableness. 

Seasonable. SYN. Convenient, fit, 
grateful, welcome, timely, suitable, 
periodical, normal, opportune. 

ANT. Ungrateful, unwelcome, un- 
timely, unsuitable, unexpected, ab- 
normal, inopportune, unseasonable. 

Secede. SYN. Withdraw, retire, re- 
cede, separate, dissent, segregate. 

ANT. Adhere, accord, concur, con- 
form, unite, amalgamate. 

Secession. SYN. Separation, with- 
ANT. Union, adherence. 

Secluded. SYN. Retired, retreating, 
hidden, withdrawn, secret, private, 
sequestered, shaded. 

ANT. Public, exposed, frequented, 

Seclusion. SYN. Retirement, pri- 
vacy, retreat, solitude, secrecy fSee 

Secondary. SYN. Subordinate, in- 
ferior, minor, unimportant, result- 
ant, induced. 

ANT. Primary, leading, Important, 

Secrecy [See SECLUSION]. 

Secret. SYN. Hidden, concealed, se- 
cluded, retired, unseen, unknown, 
private, obscure, recondite, latent. 

covert, clandestine, privy, unreveul- 
ed, mysterious, underdosed. 

ANT. Open, public, unconcealed, 
known, notorious, un reserved, dis- 

Secrete. SYN. Hide, conceal. 

ANT. Expose, publish, manifest, 
exhibit, disclose. 

Sectarian. SYN. Party, schismatical, 
narrow, bigoted, exclusive, denomi- 
national, divisional, intolerant. 

ANT. Broad, catholic, comprehen- 
sive, tolerant, latitudiuarian, indiffer- 
ent, universal. 

Secular. SYN. Worldly, profane, civ- 
il, unmonastic, temporal, laic. 

ANT. Regular, religious, monastic, 
spiritual, clerical. 

Secure, a. SYN. Safe, easy, fixed, 
sheltered, fast, sure, certain, con- 
fident, unanxious, careless, protected, 

ANT. Anxious, distrustful, suspi- 
cious, careful, unsafe, insecure, pre- 
carious, hazardous. 

Secure, v. SYN. Fasten, guard, pro- 
tect, assure, ensure, close, enclose, 
detain, arrest. 

ANT. Loos-en, betray, surrender, 
expose, imperil, endanger, open, lib- 
erate, free. 

Security. SYN. Pledge, guarantee, 
warranty, protection, safe-guard, 
pawn, deposit, bond, defence, guard, 
shelter, safety, certainty, ease, assur- 
ance, carelessness, confidence. 

ANT. Parole, word, understanding, 
honor, defencelessness exposure, 
danger, peril, insecurity, uncertainty, 
care, anxiety, precariousness. 

Sedate. SYN. Sober, demure, se- 
rious, calm, thoughtful, grave, set- 
tled, composed, unimpassioned, se- 
rene, passive, quiet. 

ANT. Flighty, frolicsome, indis- 
creet, insedate, ruffled, agitated, dis- 

Sedative. SYN. Allaying, tranquil- 
lizing, composing, soothing, demul- 
cent, palliative, assuasive, lenient, 
anodyne, hypnotic. 

ANT. Disturbing, exciting, irri- 

Sedentary. SYN. Close, assiduous, 

8ED 240 

ANT. Active, free, erratic, locomo- 

Sediment. SYN. Settlement, lees, 
dregs, grounds, refuse, dross, resi- 
duum, precipitate. 

ANT. Elutriation, lixiviation, clari- 
fication, colature, edulcoratiou, nitra- 

Sedition. STN. Secession, insurrec- 
tion, rising, outbreak, treason, tu- 
mult, riot, rebellion, revolt, mutiny, 
insubordination . 

ANT. Union, allegiance, fealty, paci- 
fication, appeasement, quiet, orderli- 
ness, subordination, obedience. 
Seditious. STN. Insurgent, rebel- 
lious, tumultous, turbulent, factious, 

ANT. Loyal, quiet, peaceable. 
Seduce. SYS. Tempt, entice, allure, 
overpursnade, mislead, inveigle, de- 
coy, corrupt, deprave, lead astray, 

ANT. Force, compel, overpower. 
Seducing. STN. Alluring, enticing, 
seductive, attractive. 

ANT. Repellent, repulsive, abhor- 
rent, forbidding. 

Sedulous. STN. Assiduous, diligent, 
industrious, laborious, painstaking, 
persevering, close, unremitting, in- 
defatigable, constant. 

ANT. Indiligent, idle, unpersever- 
ing, inattentive, distracted, wander- 
ing, inconstant. 

See. STN. Perceive, behold, descry, 
discern, look, view, conceive, distin- 
guish, understand, comprehend, at- 
tend, beware, visit, experience. 

ANT. Miss, overlook, disregard, 
misconceive, misunderstand, ignore. 
Seed. STN. Spring, origin, cause, 
germ, embryo, root. 

ANT. Issue, result, birth, product, 
developmeut. offspring, fruit. 
Seek. STN. Search, inquire, pursue, 
solicit, endeavor, attempt, strive, in- 
vestigate, trace, prosecute, follow, 
court, affect. 

ANT. Ignore, disregard, avoid, 
shun, elude, pretermit, discard, aban- 
don, relinquish, drop. 
Seem. STN. Look, appear. 

ANT. Belie, misrepresent, differ. 
Seemly. S\N. Becoming, fit, suitable, 
proper, appropriate convenient, de- 
cent, congruous, meet, decorous. 


ANT. Unbecoming, unfit, unsuit- 
able, improper, inappropriate, in- 
convenient, indecent, incongruous, 
unmeet, indecorous. 
Segment. STN. Section, part, por- 
tion, limb, member. 

ANT. Whole, totality, integrity, 

Segregate. STN. Separate, select, 
part, secede, localize, exclude. 

ANT. Unite, confound, fuse, amal- 
gamate, mix, collect, gather, congre- 

Seize. STN. Catch, grasp, clutch, 
snatch, apprehend, arrest, hold, grip, 
grapple, hook, take, capture. 

ANT. Loose, dismiss, liberate, aban- 
don, drop, unhand, unhook, unfasten. 
Seldom. STN. Rarely, infrequently, 
occasionally, inconstantly, hardly 

ANT. Commonly, frequently, uni- 
formly, systematically, habitually, reg- 
ularly, often, invariably. 
Select, v. STN. Cull, picb choose, 
segregate, elect, prefer. 

ANT. Lump, confound, sweep. 

Select, a. STN. Choice, picked, fine, 

prime, chosen, selected, excellent. 

ANT. Haphazard, common, average, 
unselect, coarse, ordinary. 
Selection. STN. Choice, option, elec- 
tion, excerption, gathering, preop- 
tion, segregation, adoption, prefer- 

ANT. Rejection, repudiation, refus- 
al, exclusion, postponement. 
Self-conceit. STN. Self-esteem, ego- 
tism [See VANITT]. 

Self-willed. STN. Wilful, head- 
strong, stubborn. [See OBSTINATE]. 
Selfish. STN. Egotistical, self-minded, 
self-indulgent, self- worshipful, world- 
ly, illiberal, ungenerous, narrow- 
minded, mercenary, greedy. 

ANT. Disinterested, generous, un- 
selfish, handsome, liberal, high-mind- 
ed, self-denying, magnanimous, pa- 
triotic, public-spirited, considerate, 

Sell. STN. Vend, retail, hawk, dispose 

ANT. Give, bestow, present. 
Semblance. STN. Seeming, appear- 
ance, form, show, likeness, mien, as- 
pect, bearing, similitude. 


ANT tJnlikeness, disparity, differ- 
ence, contrariety, dissimilitude. 
Seminary. SYN. Nursery, garden, 
seed-plot, academy, college, school, 

ANT. Waste, wilderness. 
Send. SYN. Despatch, transmit, impel, 
cast, bestow, grant. 

ANT. Detain, withhold, arrest, with- 
draw, deny, recal. 
Send back. SYN. Relegate, remand, 


Senile. SYN. Aged, imbecile, doting. 
ANT. Juvenile, vigorous, virile,man- 


Seniority. SYN. Eldership, priority, 

ANT. Juniority, inferiority, posteri- 
ority, subordination. 

Sensation. SYN. Affection, appre- 
hension, sentiment, feeling, percep- 
tion, surprise, impression. 

ANT. Apathy, insensibility, non- 
perception, unsurprise. 

Sense. SYN. Perception, sensation, 
feeling, apprehension, recognition, 
understanding, discernment, appreci- 
ation, sentiment, view, opinion, judg- 
ment, reason, consciousness, notion, 
meaning, import, signification, pur- 
port, significance, soundness, sagaci- 
ty, wisdom. 

ANT. Non-perception, insensibility, 
misapprehension, misunderstanding, 
stolidity, nonappreciation, miscon- 
ception, unsoundness, folly, nonsense, 

Senseless. SYN. Nonsensical, un- 
meaning, stupid, brainless, uncon- 
scious, foolish, silly, objectless, ab- 

ANT. Sensible, significant, wise, 

Sensibility. SYN. Susceptibility, 
delicacy, ieeling, refinement, impres- 
eibleness, sensitiveness. 

ANT. Insensibility, insusceptibility, 
coarseness, unimpressibloness. 

Sensible. SYN. Tangible, palpable, 
perceptible, visible, appreciable, ju- 
dicious, sound, conscious, aware. 

ANT. Intangible, impalpable, im- 
perceptible, invisible, inappreciable, 
insensible, unconscious, unaware. 

Sensitive. SYN. Sentient, percep- 
tive, impressible, easily affected. 


ANT. Unimpressible, not easily af- 

Sensual. SYN. Carnal, fleshly, ani- 
mal, voluptuous, lewd. 

ANT. Spiritual, intellectual, self- 
denying, abstinent, abstemious, con- 
tinent, ethereal, ascetic. 

SritNiious. SYN. Material, esthetic, 
embodied, representative, symbol- 

ANT. Abstract, conceptional, image- 
less, contemplative, intellectual, un- 
embodied, unsymbolical, immaterial, 
pictureless, formless. 

Sentence. SYN. Judgment, decree, 
decision, doom, phrase, passage [See 

Sententious. SYN. Pithy, pregnant, 
thoughtful, axiomatic, antithetical, 
pointed, nervous, didactic. 

ANT. Dull, dry. inane, vapid, point, 
less, jejune, trashy, bald, watery, 

Sentient. SYN. Feeling, percipient, 
conscious, intelligent, cognizant. 
ANT. Insentient, insensate, mind- 
less, unconscious, unintelligent, non- 
percipient, incognizant, 

Sentiment. SYN. Thought, feeling, 
notion, opinion, maxim, susceptibil- 
ity, emotion, apprehension, impres- 
sion, conviction. 

ANT. Vacuity, ignorance, nonsense, 
crudity, bugbear, conjecture, assump- 
tion, impression, hypothesis, precon- 
ception, prejudice. 

Sentimental. SYN. Didactic, moral, 
instructive, romantic. 

ANT. Undidactio. unsentimental, 
matter-of-fact, unpoetical, prosaic. 

Sentinel. SYN. Watch, guardian, 
guard, keeper, warden, sentry, watch- 
man, patrol, vedette. i 
ANT. Traitor, decoy. 

Separable. SYN. Dissoluble, remov- 
able, movable, distinguishable, acci- 
dental, divisible. 

ANT. Indissoluble, irremovable, 
permanent, immovable, indistinguish- 
able, essential, inseparable, indivia- 

Separate, u. SYN. Part, never, dis- 
join, disunite, divorce, tear, rend, re- 
move, disintegrate, detach, discon- 

SEP ! 

nect, divide, dissipate, scatter, segre- 
gate, diverge. 

ANT. Unite, fasten, tie, conjoin, 
wed, link, amalgamate, consolidate, 
integrate, incorporate, connect, fuse, 
confound, mass, herd, congregate, 
convene, gather, collect, meet, con- 

Separate, a. STN. Disunited, dis- 
joined, disconnected, unconnected, 
detached, severed, different. 

ANT. Connected, conjoined, united, 

Separation. STN. Disunion, disjunc- 
tion, disconnection, disengagement, 
dissociation [See ISOLATION]. 

Sepulchral. STN. Hollow, death- 
like, ghastly, infernal, gloomy. 

ANT. Genial, healthful, cheerful, 
vital, lively, sunny. 

Sepulture. STN. Burial, interment, 
ANT. Exhumation, disinterment. 

Sequacious. STN. Pliant, ductile, 
obsequious, traditional, servile, un- 
original, unimaginative. 

ANT. Independent, refractory, self- 
willed, self-opinionated, original, ori- 
ginative, imaginative. 

Sequel. SYN. Event, result, conse- 
quence, conclusion [See EVENT]. 

Sequence. STN. Following, order, 
succession, series, consequence, pro- 
gression, continuity, posteriority. 

ANT. Precedence, anteriority, pri- 
ority, disorder, disconnection, incon- 
sequence, irregularity, solution, in- 

Sequestered. STN. Retired, with- 
drawn, private, hidden, unfrequented, 

ANT. Public, exposed, frequented, 
unsecluded, unsequestered. 

Seraphic. STN. Angelic, heavenly, 
blissful, pure, rapturous, holy, ethe- 

ANT. Fiendish, hellish, devilish, de- 
moniacal, infernal. 

Serene. STN. Clear, calm, unruffled, 
undisturbed, halcyonic. 

ANT. Turbid, stormy, agitated, tem- 
pestuous, ruffled. 

Serf. STN. Slave, servant, villain, la- 
ANT. Lord, baron, squire, provrie- 

2 SET 

tor, noble, landowner, liege, liege- 

Series. STN. Order, course, sequence, 
succession, train, rotation [See SE- 

Serious. STN. Grave, thoughtful, 
careful, earnest, solemn, important, 

ANT. Volatile, gay, thoughtless, 
careless, joking, jocose, insignificant, 
unimportant, trifling, trivial, light. 

Serpentine. STN. Winding, mean- 
dering, tortuous, anfractuous, undu- 
lating, sinuous, anguilliform, vermic- 
ular, coiled. 

ANT. Straight, unbending, unwind- 
ing, rectilinear. 

Servant. STN. Retainer, domestic, 
attendant, minister, maid, abigail, 

ANT. Lord, master, mistress, em- 

Serve. STN. Obey, minister, subserve, 
help, work for, forward, attend, suf- 
fice for, assist, benefit, answer, pro- 
mote, tend, accommodate. 

ANT. Command, disobey, thwart, 
oppose, resist, counteract, con- 
tradict, neutralize, baffle, retard, 

Service. STN. Labor, employment, 
advantage, use, utility, benefit [See 

Serviceable. STN. Useful, bene- 
tidal, advantageous, profitable, sound, 
well -conditioned. 

ANT. Useless, profitless, ill-condi. 
tioned, unserviceable, unsound. 

Servile. STN. Obsequious, cring- 
ing, sequacious, menial, sneaking, 
low, abject. 

ANT. Independent, fractions, refrac- 
tory, recalcitrant, dogged, stubborn, 
defiant, rebellious. 

Servility. STN. Slavery, bondage, 
slavishness, baseness, meanness, fawn- 
ing, sycophancy [See BONDAGE and 

Servitude. STN. Service, subordi- 
nation, obedience, ministry, submis- 

ANT. Mastery, lordship, command, 
dictation, sway, rule, government. 

Set. v. t. STN. Seat, place, locate, sit- 
uate, settle, fix, bu'ld, rest, establish, 


1 ground, perpetuate, stabilitate, con- 

1 firm, strengthen, determine, appoint, 
assign, cast, risk, wager, surround, 
bedeck, garnish, stud. 

ANT. Remove, disestablish, lift, 
raise, transfer, uproot, eradicate, 
unfix, disperse, discard, unsettle, 
demolish, destroy, weaken, loosen, 
detach, misarrange, misdetermine, 
denude, divest 

Set. v. i. SYN. Sink, settle, subside, 

decline, compose, consolidate, harden. 

ANT. Rise, ascend, soar, mount, 

stir, agitate, loosen, run, soften, melt, 

mollify, fuse, flow. 

Set. o. SYN. Fixed, established, firm, 
determined, regular, formal [See 

Settle. SYN. Fix, establish, regulate, 
arrange, compose, adjust, determine, 
decide, adjudicate, quiet, allay, still, 
Miik, fall, subside, lower, calm, acqui- 
esce, abate, agree. 

ANT. Remove, disestablish, mis- 
regulate, derange, discompose, aggra- 
vate, disorder, disturb, confuse, mis- 
determine, misarrange, misplace, un- 
settle, rise, ascend, move, disagree 
increase, heighten. 

Settlement. SYN. Subsidence, dregs, 
residuum, precipitation, colonization, 
location, colony. 

ANT. Excitement, perturbation, 
turbidity, fluctuation. 

Sever. SYN. Separate, divide, disjoin, 
distinguish, part, discommunicate, 
sunder, disengage, detach, break, 
except, disconnect. 

ANT. TJnite, conjoin, confound, con- 
fuse, amalgamate, associate, include, 

Several. SYN. Separate, distinct, 
diverse, sundry, divers, various, 

ANT. One, same, identical, indis- 
tinguishable, inseparable,united, total, 

Severe. SYN. Serious, austere, stern, 
grave, strict, harsh, rigid, rigorous, 
sharp, afflictive, distressing, violent, 
extreme, exact, critical, censorious, 
caustic, sarcastic, cutting, keen, bit- 
ter, cruel. 

ANT. Gay, smiling, cheerful, re- 
laxed, jocose, jocund, joyous, mild, 
genial, *dulgent, light, trivial, tri- 

243 RITA 

fling, inconsiderable, inexact, loose, 
uncritical, lenient, inextr erne, moder- 
ate, kind, considerate, feeling, ten- 
der, gentle. 

Shabby. SYN. Ragged, threadbare, 
contemptible, beggarly, paltry [See 

Shackle, n. SYN. Fetter, gype, chain, 
obstruction, embarrassment. 

ANT. Aid, assistance, subsidiary, 

Shackle, v. SYN. Fetter, bind, chain, 
hamper, harness, impede [See 

Shade, n. SYN. Shadow, adumbra- 
tion, umbrage, darkness, gombreuc-^, 
obscurity, seclusion, protection, shel- 
ter, screen, oscuro, minuteness, touch, 

ANT. Illumination, light, daylight, 
sunshine, brightness, radiance, glare, 
chiaro, amount, largeness, consider- 
ableness, quantity, publicity, defence- 
lessness, exposure. 

Shade, v. SYN. Shelter, screen, 
obscure, darken, cloud [See SHEL- 

ANT. Illuminate, brighten, make 

Shadow. SYN. Umbration, reflec- 
tion, image, sham, unsubstentiality, 
immaterial, phantom, attendant. 

ANT. Body, substance, materiality, 
form, principal. 

Shadowy. SYN. Dim, cloudy, ob- 
scure, dark, murky, gloomy, myste- 
rious [See OBSCURE]. 

Shake. SYN. Agitate, weaken, oscil- 
late, totter, convulse, loosen, tremble, 
jar, quiver, shiver. 

ANT. Secure, fix, fasten, strengthen, 
stabilitate, confirm, stand. 

Shallow. SYN. Shoal, slight, flimsy, 
trifling, simple, superficial, unpro- 
ANT. Deep, profound. 

Sham. SYN. Phantom, ghost, delu- 
sion, illusion, mockery, shadow, pre- 
tence, counterfeit, unreality. 

ANT. Substance, reality, verity, sub- 
stantiality, truth. 

Shame, n. SYN. Abashment, humilia- 
tion, modesty, shamefacedness, de- 
cency, decorum, reproach, dishonor, 
iguominy, contempt, degradation, dis- 
credit, dispraise. 
ANT. Shamelessness,barefaceduM. 


immodesty, impudence, indecency, in- 
decorum, impropriety, honor, glory, 
exaltation, renown, credit. 

Shame, r. SYN. Abash, humiliate, fill 
with shame, disgrace [See ABASH]. 

Shameful. SYS. Disgraceful, degrad- 
ing, scandalous, outrageous, dishon- 
orable, indecent, unbecoming [See 

Shameless. SYN. Vicious, sinful, im- 
modest, indelicate, unblushing, braz- 
en, audacious, bold-faced, impudent, 
cool [See AUDACIOUS and INDEL- 

Shape, v. SYN. Form, mould, figure, 
adapt, delineate, adjust, contrive, cre- 
ate, execute, make. 

ANT. Pervert, distort, misadapt, 
misdelineate, derange, discompose, 
miscontrive, misproduce, caricature. 

Shape, n. SYN. Figure, form, outline, 
mould, fashion, pattern, cast, model 
[See FIGURE and MODEL]. 

Shapeless. SYN. Amorphous, un- 
formed, formless, chaotic, shadowy, 
undefined, monstrous, misshaped, ug- 
ly, unsymmetrical, rude, uncouth, 

ANT. Comely, shaped, formed, 
shapely, compact, trim, neat, well-de- 
fined, handsome, symmetrical. 

Shapely [See SHAPELESS]. 

Share, n. SYN. Portion, apportion- 
ment,lot, division, partioipation.allow- 
ance, quota, contingent, allotment. 

ANT. Whole, mass, aggregate, en- 

Share, v. SYN. Divide, distribute, 
portion out [See DIVIDE]. 

Sharp. SYN. Thin, fine, keen, shrewd, 
discerning, clever, sarcastic, acute, 
pointed, aculeated, penetrating, pun- 
gent, acid, shrill, piercing, afflictive, 
distressing, harsh, severe, cutting, 
eager, active, ardent, sore, hard, ani 
mated, spirited. 

ANT. Thick, blunt, dull, obtuse, 
knobbed, rounded, bluff, mellow, bass, 
hollow, deep, light, trifling, trivial, 
mild, gentle, soft, tender, lenient, 
sluggteh, inactive, indifferent, care- 
less, spiritless, tame. 

Shatter. SYN. Split, dissipate, di- 
rupt, derange, break in pieces, rend, 
demolish, shiver, dismember, disin- 



ANT. Construct, organize, collocate, 
fabricate, compose, rear, constitute, 
Shed. SYN. Emit, diffuse, cast, drop, 
scatter, spill, pour, throw off. 

ANT. Absorb, collect, assume, re- 

Sheer. SYN. Pure, mere, unmixed, 
unqualified, unmitigated, absolute, 
simple, unadulterated. 

ANT. Mixed, qualified, adulterated, 
modified , partial. 

Shelter, v. SYN. Shield, conceal, cov- 
er, protect, screen, 

ANT Expose, surrender, betray, im- 
peril, endanger. 

Shelter, n. SYN. Refuge, cover, har- 
bor, asylum, retreat, shield, security, 
sanctuary f See KEFUGE]. 
Shelve. SYN. Dismiss, discard, 
swamp, stifle, shift. 

ANT. Start, prosecute, pursue, re- 
vive, agitate. 
Shield [See SHELTER]. 
Shift, v. SYN. Change, alter, transfer, 
shelve, displace, remove. 

ANT. Fix, fasten, locate, insert, 
pitch, plant, place. 

Shil't. n. SYN. Contrivance, expedi- 
ent, substitute, pretext, motive, 
change, evasion, device, artifice, re- 
source, transference. 

ANT. Miscontrivance, fixity, steadi- 
ness, reteniion, location, permanence. 
Shiftless. SYN. Thriftless, improvi- 
dent, imprudent, wasteful, prodigal. 

ANT. Pro vident, prudent, careful 

Shine. SYN. Beam, brighten, gleam 
give light, glow, sparkle, glitter, re'" 
ate, glisten, excel. 

ANT. Fade., wane, loom, glimm _, 
gleam, fail. 

Shiver, v. t. [See SHATTEB]. 
Shiver, v. i. SYN. Quake, tremble, vi- 
brate, quiver, shudder. 

ANT. Hang, stand, stiffen, steady, 

Shock. SYN. Surprise, disgust, of- 
fend, dismay, astound, appall, hor- 
rify, shame. 

ANT. Gratify, please, delight, 
amuse, ertify. 

Shocking. SYN. Sad, horrible, dis- 
graceful, hateful, revolting, abomina- 
ble, loathsome, foul. 

ANT. Pleasing, honorable, charm- 
ing, delightful, creditable, 

8HO : 

exemplary, attractive, alluring, en- 

Shore. SYN. Coast, bench, strand. 
ANT. Ocean, sea, main, deep. 

Short. SYN. Brief, limited, scanty, 
inadequate, insufficient, lacking, de- 
ficient, defective, imperfect, incom- 
plete, soon, near, narrow, weak, in- 
comprehensive, inextensive, less, 
abrupt, blunt, concise, condensed. 

ANT. Lon,?, protracted, extended, 
unlimited, plentiful, ample, abundant, 
adequate, sufficient, exuberant, lib- 
ernl. large, copious, complete, distant, 
deferred, wide, strong, comprehen- 
sive, extensive, exceeding, bland, 
courteous, inabrupt, expanded, dif- 

Shorten. SYN. Curtail, lessen, 
abridge [See ABRIDGE]. 

Shout, n. SYN. Exclamation, uproar, 
clamor, vociferation, 

ANT. Sibilation, hissing, reticence, 
silence, hush. 

Shout, v. SYN. Cry out, exclaim, vo- 
ciferate, yeH, halloo, hollo, holla, 

ANT. Be silent, speak low, speak in 
a natural tone. 

Show. v. SYN. Exhibit, present, de- 
monstrate, unfold, reveal, teach, in- 
form, conduct, manifest, evince, evi- 
dence, prove, explain. 

ANT. Conceal, suppress, hide, with- 
hold, obscure, mystify, wrap, misde- 
monstrate, niisdeclare, contradict, re- 
fute^ deny, disprove), misinterpret, 
falsify, mfeexplaii* 

Show. re. SYN. Appearance, exhibi- 
tion, demonstration, parade, pomp, 
semblance, likeness, pretext, profes- 
sion, pretence, illusion. 

ANT. Non-appearance, disappear- 
ance, concealment, suppression, se- 
creoj, disguise, dissimilarity, unlike- 
ness, genuineness, reality, sincerity, 

Showy. SYN. Oajv gaudy, high-col- 
ored, gorgeous, flashy, tinsel. 

ANT. Inconspicuous, uunoticeable, 
quiet, subdued, 

Shred. SYN. Strip, fragment, ras, 
tatter, oddment, scrap, paring, chip. 
ANT. Fold, mass, piece, entirety, 
integrity, whole. 

Shrew. SYN. Vixen, scold, virago, 

5 810 

ANT. Angel, dove. 

Shrewd. SYN. Sagacious, penetra- 
ting, astute, discriminating, intelli- 
gent, discerning, acute. 

ANT. Stolid, uudiscerning. unsaga- 
cious, stupid, dull. 

Shrill. SYN. Sharp, piercing, acute, 
high pitched. 

ANT. Low, deep, base, hollow, mur- 
muring, rumbling. 

Shrink. SYN. Contract, shrivel, with- 
draw, retire, recoil, revolt. 

ANT. Stretch, expand, dilate, ven- 
ture, dare. 

Shrivel. SYN. Contract, dry up, 
wither, wrinkle, corrugate, decrease. 

ANT. Kxpan 1. flatten, develop, un- 
fold, spread, dilate, 

Shroud. SYN. Cover, hfHe, veil, ob- 
scure, darken, palliate, envelop, shel- 

ANT. Expose, reveal, nnvefl, eluci- 
date, discover, uncover. 
Shuffle. SYN. Confuse, interchange, 
shift, intershift, intermix, derange, 
agitate, evade, prevaricate, equivo- 
cate, quibble, cavil, sophisticate, 
mystify, palter, dissemble. 

ANT. Deal, distribute, order, ar- 
range, compose, confess, propound, 
declare, explain, elucidate, reveal. 
Shun. SYN. Avoid, escape, discard, 
eschew, keep clear of, elude. 

ANT. Court, seek, affect. 
Shut. SYN. Close, contract, confine, 
preclude, bar, fasten. 

ANT. Open, expand, unclose, unbar, 

Shy. SYN. Timid, reserved, modest, 
bashful, Kuspiciou, shrinking, chary. 
ANT. Bold, brazen-faced, hiipudent, 
audacious, reckless. 

Sibilation. SYN. Hissing, outcry, 

ANT. Acclamation, cheers, popular- 

Sick. SYN. Diseased, ill, disordered, 
distempered, indisposed, weak, riling, 
feeble, morbid, nauseated, disgusted, 
corrupt, impaired, valetudinarian. 

ANT. Whole, well, healthy, sound, 
robust, strong, well-conditioned, salu- 

Sickly. SYN, Weak, diseased, disor- 
dered, ailing, feeble, pining, droop, 
ing, morbid, unhealthy, vitiated, deli- 
cate, tainted . valetudinary. 




ANT. Strong, healthy, vigorous, 
flourishing, salubrious, sound, robust. 

Sickness. SYN. Indisposition, illness, 
ANT. Health, soundness. 

Side. SYN. Margin, edge, verge, bor- 
der, laterality, face, aspect, plane, 
party, interest, cause, policy, behalf. 
ANT. Centre, body, core, interior, 
essence, neutrality, disconnection, 
severance, secession, opposition. 

Sidereal. SYN. Astral, heavenly, star- 
ry, celestial. 
ANT. lerrestrial, terrene, earthly. 

Sift. SYN. Screen, analyze, scrutinize, 
1 robe, examine critically, investigate, 
winnow, sort. 

ANT. Confound, fuse, confuse, amal- 
gamate, conglomerate, compound. 

Siglit. SYN. Seeing, perception, view, 
vision, visibility, s-pectacle, show, in- 
spection, examination, representa- 
tion, appearance. 

ANT. Non-perception, invisibility, 
blindness, obscuration, disappear- 
ance, oversight, non-appearance, un- 

Sign. SYN. Token, indication, proof, 
memorial, expression, symbol, em- 
blem, prefiguratiou, badge, type, pre- 
monition, symptom, prognostic, mark, 
wonder, presnge, signal. 

ANT. Misindication, misrepresenta- 
tion, misleader. 

Signal. SYN. Eminent, conspicuous, 
remarkable, extraordinary, notable, 
memorable, illustrious, important, 
sali n', di tinguished. 

AM. Ordinary, common, unnotice- 
able, mediocre, unmemorable, unim- 

Signalize. SYN. Distinguish, exalt, 

florify, dignify, immortalize, cele- 

ANT. Disgrace, dishonor, discredit. 
Significant. SYN. Expressive, mo- 
mentous, suggestive, indicative, forci- 
ble, weighty, symbolical, telling, 

ANT. Inexpressive, meaningless, 
expressionless, unindicative, mute. 
Signify. SYN. Portend, purport, 
prognosticate, mean, represent, indi- 
cate, communicate, denote, betoken, 
declare, utter, forebode, presage. 
ANT. Conceal, suppress, misindi- 

cate, misdenote, nullify, refute, neu- 
tralize, preclude. 

Silence, n. SYN. Taciturnity, still- 
ness, calm, peace, hush, muteness, se- 
crecy, oblivion. 

ANT. Garrulity, loquacity, talka- 
tiveness, chatter, noise, brawl, clamor, 
clatter, din, Babel, tumult, agitation, 
restlessness, storm, unrest, roar, 
bruit, reverberation, resonance, com- 
motion, cackling, proclamation, pub- 
licity, fame, rumor, remembrance, 
repute, celebrity. 

Silence, v. SYN. Still, stifle, hush, 
allay, quiet, calm [See STIFLE]. 

Silent. SYN. Still, taciturn, speech- 
less, dormant, quiet, noiseless. 
ANT. Noisy, loquacious, garrulous. 

Silly. Germ, selig. SYN. Simple, fool- 
ish, weak, shallow, witless, unwise, 
indiscreet, imprudent, absurd. 

ANT. Sagacious, intelligent, astute, 
wise, deep, discreet, prudent, sound, 

Similar. SYN. Correspondent, re- 
sembling, alike, common, homogene- 
ous, concordant, harmonious, con- 

ANT. Different, unlike, dissimilar, 
alien, heterogeneous, discordant, in- 

Similitude. SYN. Likeness, resem- 
blance, comparison, similarity [Ser 

Simple. SYN. Single, incomplex, un- 
compounded, unblended, isolated, 
pure, unmixed, mere, absolute, plain, 
unadorned, unartincial, artless, sin- 
cere, undesigning, single-minded, un- 
affected, siily, weak, unsophisticated, 
humble, homely, lowly, elementary, 
ultimate, primal, rudimentary. 

ANT. Double, complex, compound- 
ed, blended, mixed, fused, multiform, 
multigenerous, various, compound, 
articulated, subdivided, organized, 
connected, modified, complicated, 
elaborate, artificial, artful, design- 
ing, insincere, double-minded, affect- 
ed, self-conscious, sagacious, sophis- 
ticated, great, eminent, illustrious, 
complete, developed, perfect. 

Simplicity. SYN. Artlessnesa, sin- 
cerity, plainness, frankness. 

ANT. Artfulness, insincerity, guile, 




Simplify. SYN. Facilitate, disencum- 
ber, elucidate. 

ANT. Embarrass, complicate, en- 
cumber, obscure. 

Simulate. SYN. Feign, counterfeit, 
pretend, impersonate, assume. 

ANT. Disresemble, discard, mis- 
represent, mis-exhibit, misbeseem. 

Simultaneous. SVN. Synchronous, 
concomitant, concurrent. 

ANT. Inconcurrent, separate, apart, 
Intermittent, periodic. 

Sin. SYN. Transgression, iniquity, un- 
righteousness, ungodliness, wicked- 
ness, evil, impurity, crime, wrong- 
doing, ungodliness. 

ANT. Sinlessness, obedience, holi- 
ness, righteousness, purity, godliness, 

Sincere. SYN. Pure, unmixed, genu- 
ine, unadulterated, hearty, honest, 
unaffected, unvarnished, candid, ~or- 
dial, frank, unfeigned, true. 

ANT. Impure, adulterated, dishon- 
est, insincere, hypocritical, feigned, 
pretended, false. 

Sinful [See WICKED]. 

Single. SYN. One, unique, only, in- 
dividual, sole, solitary, separate, un- 
combined, unmarried, uncompound- 

ANT. Plural, many, collective, uni- 
ted, numerous, frequent, married. 

Singular. SYN. Single, individual, 
unique, eminent, extraordinary, con- 
spicuous, consummate, unusual, un- 
common, odd, whimsical, quaint, pe- 
culiar, unexampled, unprecedented, 
solitary, sole, eccentric, fantastic, ex- 
ceptional, particular, remarkable, cu- 
rious, queer. 

ANT. Common, frequent, numer- 
ous, ordinary, usual, unn'sticeable, 
every-day, customary, general, reg- 

Sinister. SYN. TTnlueky,inauspicious, 
ill-omened, portentous, disastrous, 
unfavorable, wrong, unfair, under- 
handed, evil, foul, dishonest, dishon- 
orable, forbidding, repulsive, lower- 

ANT. Lucky, fortunate, propitious, 
auspicious, favorable, right, fair, 
open, honest, honorable, attractive, 
winning, engaging, assuring, frank. 

Sink. SYN. Fall, descend, drop, sub- 

Fide, penetrate, soak, droop, decline, 
weary, flag, decay, decrease, dimin- 
ish, abate, lower, immerse, submerge, 
depress, degrade, drown, reduce, at- 
tenuate, suppress. 

ANT. Rise, ascend, soar, swell. In- 
crease, flourish, revive, float, height- 
en, promote, exalt, enhance, rescue, 
foster, encourage, perpetuate, pro- 
mulgate, divulge. 

Slimoua. SYN. Coiled, convolute, un- 
dulating, curved, serpentine, wind- 
ing, tortuous, anfractuous, waving, 

ANT. Unoo'led, rectilinear, unin- 

Situation. SVN. Locality, position, 
top . litmjihy. sti.te, seat, post, place, 
condition, residence, aspect, footing, 
office, birth, plight, predicament, 

ANT. Non-situation, non-location, 
absence, non-assignment, unfixeduess, 
displacement, dislodgement. 

Size. SYN. Greatness, magnitude, 
largeness, extent, dimension, bulk, 
extent, bigness. 

ANT. Smallness, littleness, tenuity, 

Sketch, n. SYN. Outline, draught, 
skeleton, delineation [See OUT- 

Sketch, v. SYN. Outline, draw, de- 
pict, portray, paint, delineate [See 

Skilful. SYN. Expert, clever, dexter- 
ous, apt, well-versed, adroit [See 

Skill. SYN. Expertness, aptitude [Se 

Skim. SYN. Brush, glide, graze, 
ANT. Enter, penetrate. 

Skirt. SYN. Boroer, trim, confine, 
bound, surround, encircle. 

ANT. Penetrate, enter, interpene- 

Skulk. SYN. Hide, sneak, cower, lurk, 
abscond, slink. 
ANT Appear, issue, parade, show. 

Slack. SYN. Loose, weak, remisfl, 
backward, indiligent, slow, remisv, 
tardy, lax. 

ANT. Tight, tense, strong, active, 
prompt, diligent, alert, quick, eager. 

Slacken. SYN. Loosen, abate, with- 
hold, remit, languish, flag, moderate. 


ANT. Tighten, increase, freshen. 

Slander. HYN. Asperse, defame, ca- 
lunmiate, vilify, abuse, scandalize, 
traduce, belittle, blacken. 

ANT. Praise, laud, honor, vindi- 
cate, defend, panegyrize, eulogize, 
shield, commend. 

Slaughter, n. [See CARNAGE]. 

Slave. SYN. Bondman, thrall, vassal, 
drudge [See SERF). 

Slavery, n. [See BONDAGE], 

Slavish. SYN. Servile, drudging, me- 
rual, mean. base, abject. 
ANT. Independent, free, voluntary. 

Slay [See KILL]. 

Slt'fk. SYN. Glossy, velvety, satin, 
silken, shiny, smooth. 
ANT. Bough, hairy, hirsute, bristly. 

Sleep, v. SYN. Slumber, doze, drowse, 
snooze, repose. 
ANT. Be awake. 

Sleepy. SYN. Slumberous, somnolent, 
drowsy, sluggish, lazy. 

ANT. Wakeful, vigilant, alert, 
awake, active. 

Slender. SYN. Thin, narrow, slight, 
slim, small, trivial, spare, inadequate, 
fragile, feeble, flimsy, meagre, incon- 
siderable, superficial. 

ANT. Stout, thick, broad, robust, 
massive, considerable, ample, deep. 

Sliiiht. a. [See SLENDER]. 

Slight, v. SYN. Disregard, disdain, 
ecorn, overlooK, disparage. 

ANT. Kegard, respect, notice, ob- 

Slight, n. SYN. Neglect, contempt, 
scorn, disregard. 
ANT. Kespect, regard, honor. 

811in (See SLENDER]. 

Slimy. SYN. Sticky, viscous, viscid, 
glutinous [See \iscu>]. 

Slink [See SLUNK]. 

Slippery. SYN. Smooth, glassy, lu- 
bricated, insecure, perilous, unsafe, 
unstable, shifty, elusive, shuffling, un- 
principled, deceptive, evasive, un- 
trustworthy, uncertain. 

ANT. Rough, firm, unslippery, se- 
cure, safe, stable, solid, trustworthy. 

Slough. SYN. Mire, difficulty, de- 
ANT. Footing, stand-point. 

Slovenly. SYN. Loose, negligent, 
disorderly, untidy, unclean, sluttish, 

248 SMO 

ANT. Trim, neat, careful, orderly, 
tidy, precise. 

Slow. SYN. Sluggish, inactive, Inert, 
lazy, unready, tardy, late, gradual, 
tedious, dull, dilatory, lingering, 

ANT. Active, quick, fast, rapid, 
alert, ready, prompt, early, sudden, 

Sluggard. SYN. Idler, drone, lazy- 
bones, laggard [See LAGGARD]. 

Sluggish. SYN. Slow, inert, indo- 
lent, phlegmatic, slothful, Inzy. 

ANT. Active, quick, nervous, la- 

Sly. SYN. Cunning, subtle, crafty, 
artful, wily, underhanded, astute, 

ANT. Open, frank, artless, unde- 

Small. SYN. Little, diminutive, slight, 
minute, feeble, trivial, insignificant, 
paltry, narrow, mean, weak, slender, 
fine, inferior. 

ANT. Great, large, big, consider- 
able, bulky, extensive, ample, spa- 
cious, stout, strong, important, broad, 

Smart. SYN. Keen, pungent, pier- 
cing, quick, vigorous, sharp, severe, 
active, clever, brilliant, vivacious, 
witty, ready, spruce, brisk, fresh, 
dressy, showy. 

ANT. Dull, heavy, aching, slow, in- 
active, stupid, sluggish, unready, 
slow-minded, unwitty, dowdy, shabby, 

Smear. SYN. Daub, plaster, spatter, 
tarnish, besmear, coat, begrime, var- 
nish, iucrust. 

ANT. Abrade, levigate, polish, 
scour, scrape. 

Smell [See PERFUME]. 

Smite. SYN. Strike, beat, buffet, chas- 
tise, blast, afflict, kill, slay, punish, 
surprise, captivate. 

ANT. Soothe, smooth, caress, re- 
lieve, console, repel, alienate, 

Smoke, n. SYN. Fumigation, fumes, 
vapor, insubstantiality, nothingness, 
moonshine, triviality, trifle. 

ANT. Substance, reality, realiza- 
tion, moment, importance. 

Smoke, v. SYN. Eeek, fume, steam. 

Smooth, a. SYN. Even, plain, level, 
flat, polished, glossy, sleek, soft, un- 


ruffled, unobstrusted, bland, oily, 

ANT. Uneven, rough, rugged, 
abrupt, precipitous, unpolished, 
harsh, blunt. 

Smooth, r. SYN. Flatten, level, ease, 
soften, calm, allay, mitigate [See 

Smolder. SYN. Reek, simmer, seethe, 
ferment, work. 
ANT. Burst, blaze. 

Smother. SYN. Suffocate, stifle, re- 
press, gag, conceal, suppress, choke, 
strangle, allay, swallow. 

ANT. Fan, ventilate, foster, cher- 
ish, nurture, publish, promulgate, di- 
vulge, spread, excite, vent. 

Snare, n. SYN. Net, trap, gin, noose, 
device, springe. 

Snarling. SYN. Cross, crabbed, 
peevish, cynical, snappish [See 

Snatch. SYN. Twitch, pluck, pull, 
catch, grasp, gripe, clutch. 

ANT. Unclutch, restore, unhand, 

Sneak. SYN. Slink, skulk, steal away, 
lurk, cringe, crouch, truckle [See 

Sneer. SYN. Scoff, gibe, jeer, taunt, 
disparagement, contempt, scorn, 
superciliousness, disdaiu. 

ANT. Compliment, eulogy, com- 
mendation, deference. 

Snub. SYN. Mortify, check, rebuke, 
reprimand [See REBUKE and MOR- 
TIFY j. 

Snug. SYN. Close, housed, compressed, 
compact, comfortable, sheltered. 

ANT. Exposed, loose, disordered, 
incompact, uncomfortable, bare, 

Soak. SYN. Wet, steep, drench, 
macerate, moisten, submerge. 

ANT. Dry, air, wring, exsicoate, 
aridify, bleach. 

Soar. SYN. Rise, mount, tower, as- 
pire, ascend, uprise. 
ANT. Drop, sink, descend, alight. 

Sober. SYN. Temperate, unintoxi- 
cated, cool, dispassionate, reasonable, 
culm, self-possessed, sound, unex- 
cited, serious, grave, sedate, steady, 
abstemious, moderate. 

ANT. Intemperate, drunk, intoxi- 
cated, heated, excited, impassioned, 


unr<*aonnWp agitated, furious, pas- 
sionite, extravagant, extreme, exor- 
bitant, immoderate, flighty, erratic, 

Sobrlet}* SYN. Soberness, temper- 
ance, abstemiousness. 
ANT. Intemperance. 

Sociable. SYN. Companionable, geni- 
al, social, conver9ible,friendly,acces8- 
ible, gregarious. 

ANT. Unsociable, uncompanio-- 
able, unconversibie* ungeuiul, in 
friendly, Inaccessible, re iring, mo- 
rose, solitary, uncommunicative 

Social. SYN. Collective. oiitical 
gregarious [See SOCIABLE"". 

ANT. Individutl. solitnr\ personal 

Society. SYN. Communiiy, pobiy, 
association, collection, companion- 
ship, fellowship, connection, partici- 
pation, company, sociality, com- 
munion, intercourse, sodality. 

ANT . Individuality,personality,seg- 
regation, separation, solitariness, mi- 
sociality, privacy, dissociation, dis- 

Soft. SYN. Yielding, pressible, im- 
pressible, smooth, delicate, fine, 
sleek, glossy, mild, gentle, balmy, 
kind, feeling, flexible, effeminate, 
luxurious, unmanly, tender, irreso- 
lute, undecided. 

ANT. Hard, tough, stubborn, un- 
yielding, rigid, unimpressible, rough,. 
coarse, harsh, abrupt, ungentle, 
rigorous, cutting, severe, unkind, 
unfeeling, sharp, inflexible, stern, 
austere, ascetic, self-denying, reso- 
lute, determined. 

Soften. SYN. Mollify, palliate, com- 
pose, mitigate, assuage, dulcify, leni- 
ty, yield, macerate, humanize, abate, 

ANT. Harden, indurate, aggravate, 
excite, infuriate, consolidate. 

Soil. SYN. Stain, tarnish, begrime, be- 
foul, contaminate. 

ANT. Purify, bleach, cleanse, ab- 

Sojourn. SYN. Rest, rb' '<-. reside, 
tarry, lodge, halt, stay, quarter. 

ANT. Migrate, move, \vuuder, de- 
part, travel, journey. 

Solace. SYN. Consolation, comfort, 
alleviation, relief, sympathy. 

ANT. Affliction, aggravation* war 




Vole. SYN. Single, solitary, only, in- 
dividual, exclusive, by one's self, 
Alone, one, singular. 

ANT. Plural, numerous, combined, 

Solemn. SYN. Sacred, formal, devo- 
tional, reverential, ritual, ceremonial, 
inpressive, religious, grave, serious. 

ANT. Profane, undevotional, secu- 
lar, light, gay, trivial, unceremonial, 
informal, unsolemn. 
.Solemnity. STN. Celebration, rite, 
office, ceremony, function, pomp, 
parade, seriousness, pomposity, grav- 
ity, sacredness, awe, sanctity, irn- 
pressiveness, imposingness. 

ANT. Non-celebration, secularity, 
simplicity, triviality, gaiety, profani- 
ty, desecration, unimpressiveness, 
meanness, tawdriness, vulgarity, un- 

Solicit. SYN. Entreat, beg, urge, pray, 
ask, crave, implore, importune. 

ANT. Demand, require, exact, claim. 
Solicitous. SYN. Desirous, anxious, 
apprehensive, uneasy, careful, con- 
cerned [See ANXIOUS]. 
Solicitude. STN. Anxiety, concern, 
trouble, carefulness, uneasiness, care. 
ANT. Indifference, unconcern, care- 
lessness, ease. 

Solid. SYN. Hard, firm, compact, re- 
sistant, dense, substantial, weighty, 
strong, valid, just, sound, impenetra- 
ble, stable, cubic. 

ANT. Soft, hollow, yielding, frail, 
brittle, flimsy, elastic, resilient, mal- 
leable, impressible, fluid, liquid, 
frivolous, light, trifling, weak, in- 
valid, unsound, fallacious, weakly. 
Solitary. SYN. Sole, single, only, 
lone, lonely, private, remote, retired, 
sequestered, desolate, uninhabited, 
desert [See SINGLE and DESOLATE]. 
Solitude. SYN. Loneliness, remote- 
ness, seclusion, retirement, isolation, 
wildness, desertion, barrenness, wil- 
derness, privacy. 

ANT. Publicity, populousness. so- 
ciety, frequentedness, intercourse, 
resort, meeting, reunion, throng, 

Soluble. SYN. Separable, discerpti- 
ble, divisible, dissoluble. 

ANT. Indivisible, inseparable, indis- 
eerptible, insoluble, indissoluble. , 

Solution. STN. Separation, discerp- 
tion, disruption, breach, discontin- 
uance, disconnection, disentangle- 
ment, elucidation, explanation, key, 
answer, resolution, disintegration. 

ANT. Union, combination, amalga- 
mation, continuity, connection, con. 
junction, entanglement, complica- 
tion, confusion, mystification, ob. 
scurity, integration. 
Solve, SYN. Explain, resolve, unfold, 

work out, clear up [See EXPLAIN]. 
Sombre. SYN. Dull, grave, gloomy, 
dark, murky, cloudy, funereal, sable, 
mournful, dusky, pensive, melan> 

ANT. Bright, gay, sunny, joyous. 
Somnolent. SYN. Sleepy, drowsy, 
dozy, dreamy. 

ANT. Wakeful, vigilant, alert. 
Song. SYN. Poem, lay, ballad, strain. 

ditty, carol, anthem, epic, lyric. 
Sonorous. SYN. Resonant, louc' 
audible, ringing, clear, trumpet-like, 

ANT. Mute, muffled, dumb, soft 
weak, inaudible, confused, powerless? 
Soon, SYN. Shortly, quickly, prompt- 
ly, before long, early. 

ANT. Late, slowly, tardily. 
Soothe. SYN. Soften, assuage, allay, 
compose, mollify, tranquillize, pacify, 
lull, mitigate, flatter, appease, re- 

ANT. Rouse, excite, irritate, ruffle, 
exasperate, exacerbate, agitate, infu- 
riate, aggravate, annoy, dissatisfy. 
Sophism. SYN. Fallacy, quibble, 

ANT. Truth, argument, reason, log- 
ic, syllogism. 
Sophisticate. SYN. Artificialize, de- 
moralize, debase, corrupt, vitiate, 
spoil, pervert. 

ANT. Naturalize, simplify, purify, 
train, Improve, correct, refine, re- 

Sophistry [See SOPHISM]. 
Soporific. SYN. Somniferous, nar- 
cotic, anodyne, opiate. 

ANT. Antisoporific, antinarcotic. 
Sorcery. SYN. Magic, enchantment, 
witchcraft, divination, glamour, pos- 

ANT. Disenchantment, exorcism, 
exsufflation, dispossessing. 




Sordid. SYN. Dirty, filthy, foul, gross, 
vile, base, mean, avaricious, covetous, 
selfish, venal, niggardly, beggarly, 
close-fisted, hide-bound, greedy. 

ANT. Pure, liberal, generous, un- 
selfisn, honorable, nncovetous, open- 
handed, high-minded, profuse, lavish, 
prodigal, extravagant, over-liberal. 

Sore. a. SYN. Painful, irritated, 
susceptible, excoriated, raw, scarified, 
ulcerous, grievous, afflictive, heavy, 

ANT. Painless, sound, whole, health- 
ful, healed, unbroken, unscarifled, 
light, trivial, unburdensome, pleasant, 
untroublesome, grateful. 

Sore. n. SYN. Pustule, abscess, ulcer. 

Sorrow. SYN. Affliction, grief, sad- 
ness, trouble, regret, distress, mental 
pain, ruth, mourning. 
ANT. Joy, gladness, rejoicing. 

Sorry. SYN. Grieved, pained, hurt, 
afflicted, woe-begone, doleful, down- 
hearted, mortified, vexed, dejected, 
poor, mean, vile, shabby, wo r thless. 

ANT. Glad, rejoiced, delighted, 
pleased, gratified, fine, choice, hand- 

Sort. SYN. Kind, species, nature, class, 
order, character, rank, manner, qual- 
ity, condition, description, designa- 
tion, genus. 

ANT. Non-description, solitariness, 
uniqueness, non-classification, hetero- 

Soul. SYN. Spirit, vital principle, life, 
reason, intellect, vitality, fire, leader, 
inspirer, energy, courage, fervor, af- 
fection, feeling, being, person, innu. 

ANT. Soullessness, irrationality, 
unintellectuality, deadness, unfeeling- 
ness, spiritlessaess, coldness, mind- 
k'ssuess, nonentity, nullity. 

Sound, n. SYN. Resonance, audibil- 
ity, noise, report. 

AXT. Silence, stillness, muteness, 
voicelessness, abmutescence. 

Sound, a. SYN. Entire, unbroken, 
whole, perfect, unhurt, well-grounded, 
uninjured, unimpaired, healthy, firm, 
strong, vigorous, weighty, solid, irre- 
fragable, irrefutable, thorough, valid, 
wholesome, correct, substantial. 

ANT. Partial, broken, injured. Im- 
paired, unhealthy, unsound, weak, 
frail, fragile, light, trivial, unfounded, 
hollow, fallacious, imperfect, un- 

wholenonie, incorrect, unsubstantial 

Sound, t-. t. SYH. Probe, gauge, in- 

ANT. Overlook, disregard, misex- 
amine, misinvestigate. 
Sour. SYS. Tart, rancid, coagulated, 
turned, harsh, crabbed, austere, mo- 
rose, pungent, crusty, acid, churlish, 
bitter, acetous, acrimonious, peevish. 
ANT. Sweet, wholesome, untainted, 
mellow, geninl, kindly. 
Source. SYN. Rise, origin, spring, 
fount, fountain, cause, commence- 
ment, beginning. 

ANT. Mouth, debouchure, termina- 
tion, end, exit, issue, result, effect. 
Sovereign. SYN. Paramount, su- 
preme, primary, chief, certain, effica- 
cious, principal, predominant, supe- 
rior, imperial, regal. 

ANT. Inferior, ministerial, subser- 
vient, subordinate, subject, secondary, 
weak, uncertain, inefficient, unettica- 
Sow. v. SYN. Scatter, disseminate, 

plant, strew [See SCATTEK]. 
Space. SYN. Extension, room, inter- 
val, boundlessness, immeasurable- 
ness, illimitBbleness, distance, meas- 
ure, quantity, intervenience, inter- 

ANT. Limitation, iuextension, re- 
striction, coarctation, confinement, 
proximity, scantiness, contiguity, un- 
interruptedness, continuity. 
Spacious. SY.V. Ample, extensive, 
broad, vast, capacious, large, wide, 
roomy, expansive. 

ANT. Narrow, restricted, limited, 
cramped, conilued, inexteusive. 
Spare, r. SYV. Save, afford, grant, 
reserve, do wi;hout, husband, econo- 
mize, retniJi, s o-o, grudge, discard, 
omit, forbear, withhold, refrain, ab- 

ANT. Spend, squander, waste, lavish, 
scatter, expend, pour, indulge, vent. 
Spare, a. SYN. Scanty, uu plentiful, 
inabundaut, meagre, economical, fru- 
gal, stinted, restricted, parsimonious, 
niggardly, chary, superfluous, dispos- 
able, available, lean, thin, ill-coudi- 

ANT. Ample, plentiful, abundant, 
profuse, liberal, unrestricted, gener- 
ous, bountiful, unsparing, unstinted. 


unbounded, available, well-condition- 

Sparing [See FRUGAL]. 

Sparkle. SYN. Scintillate, flash, glis- 
ten, glitter, gleam, shine, bubble, ra- 
diate, coruscate, effervesce. 

ANT. Smoulder, wane, stagnate, ex- 

Sparse. SYN. Scattered, sprinkled, 
few, scanty, thin, meagre, innumer- 

ANT. Dense, multitudinous, numer- 
ous, frequented, thick, crowded, pop- 

Spatter. SYN. Besprinkle, besmear. 

Speak. SYN. Converse, discourse, 
talk, utter, pronounce, say, express, 
accost, address, tell [See ACCOST 

Special. SYN. Particular, specific, 
peculiar, appropriate, proper, dis- 
tinctive, extraordinary, especial, ex- 

ANT. General, universal, common, 

Species [See SORT]. 

Specify. SYN. Particularize, indi- 
vidualize, indicate, designate, detail, 
determine, state, enumerate, mention. 
ANT. Generalize, classify, amalga- 
mate, confound. 

Specimen. SYN. Sample, mode, 
pattern, model, illustration, instance, 
type, exemplar. 

ANT. Anomaly, exception, nonde- 
script, monster, freak, misillustration. 

Specious. SYN. Plausible, showy, 
ostensible, colorable, fair-spoken. 

ANT. Inadmissible, self-contradic- 
tory, absurd, unreasonable. 

Speck, a. SYN. Blemish, mite, bit, 
spot, particle [See BLEMISH and 

Spectacle. SYN. Sight, exhibition, 
display, parade, demonstration, pict- 
ure, scene, representation, gazing- 
etock, show, pageant, flourish. 

ANT. Xonnienioustratiou, non-cele- 

Spectator. SYN. Observer, witness, 
beholder, gazer, looker-on, bystander 

Spectral. SYN. Ghostly, ghastly, 
cadaverous, shadowy, visionary, illu- 

ANT. Bodily, substantial, corporal, 
fleshly, palpable. 



Spectre. SYN. Apparition, ghost, 
shade, shadow, spirit, larva. 

ANT. Body, substance, flesh, per- 

Speculate. SYN. Consider, medi- 
tate, theorize, cogitate [See COG- 

Speculation. SYN. Contemplation, 
consideration, weighing, thought, 
theory, scheme, hypothesis, view, 

ANT. Realization, proof, fact, veri- 
fication, certainty. 

Speecli. SYN. Address, oration, 
harangue, discourse [See HARANGUE]. 

Speed. SYN. Despatch, expedite, ac- 
celerate, urge, hasten, hurry, press. 

ANT. Retard, delay, postpone, ob- 
struct, drag, loiter, dawdle, linger, 
lag, stay. 

Speedy. SYN. Early, quick, rapid, 
fast, accelerated, prompt, nimble, 
swift, fleet. 

ANT. Late, slow, dragging, loiter- 
ing, lingering, tardy, sluggish. 

Spend. SYN. Bestow, waste, exhaust, 
squander, expend, lay out, consume, 
disburse, lavish. 

ANT. Retain, save, hoard, accumu- 
late, husband, economize. 

Spbere. SYN. Globe, ball, region, 
realm, circuit, orb, department, voca- 
tion, rank, standing, order [See VO- 

Spirit. SYN. Air, breath, life, soul, 
vital force, essential quality, essence, 
immateriality, intelligence, disembodi- 
ment, spectre, apparition, ghost, ener- 
gy, ardor, enthusi asm, activity, ear- 
nestness, courage, zeal, disposition, 
temper, principle, motive, distilla- 

ANT. Substance, body, corporeity, 
materiality,flesh, organization, frame, 
embodiment, spiritlessness, listless- 
ness, soullessness, lifelessness, torpor, 
deadness, timidity, dejection, s*ow- 
ness, sluggishness. 

Spirited. SYN. Animated, lively, 
vivacious, ardent, buoyant, sprightly, 

ANT. Dull, dispirited, depressed, 

Spiritual. SYN. Divine, religions, 
holy, ghostly, ethical, immaterial, 
incorporeal, intellectual. 



ANT. Carnal, fleshly, unspirltual, 
gross, material, sensuous. 

Spite. SYN. Malice, malevolence, 
grudge, pique, hatred, Ill-will, vindic- 
tiveness, rancor, spleen. 

ANT. Good-will, benevolence, kindli- 

Spiteful. SYN. Malicious, malevolent, 
malignant, malign, ill-natured, evil- 

ANT. Kind, benevolent, good-na- 

Spleen. SYN. Anger, eplte, cha rriii, 
annoyance, rancor, hypochon Iria, 
melancholy, irnscibilily,gall,vexa ion, 

ANT. Kindliness, benevolence, grati- 
fication, mirth,cheer fulne ;s,geuiality, 
high-spirits, gratulation, pacification. 

Splendid. SYN. Brilliant, showy, 
magnificent, sumptuous, gorgeous, 
glorious, pompous, imposing, illustri- 
ous, superb, famous, heroic, grand, 

ANT. Dull, obscure, tame, somber, 
poor, beggariy, uuimposiug, ordinary, 
ineffective, inglorious. 

Split. SYN. Divide, separate, rive, 
cleave, crack, splinter, burst, rend, 
sunder, disagree, secede, disunite. 

ANT. Cohere, unite, amalgamate, 
coalesce, conform, agree, splice, con- 
solidate, integrate. 

Spoil. SYN. Plunder, strip, rob, de- 
vastate, pillage, denude, corrupt, 
vitiate, mar, deteriorate. 

ANT. Invest, enrich, endow, re- 
plenish, renovate, improve, better, 
ameliorate, rectify, preserve. 

Spontaneous. SYN. Voluntary, self- 
generated,self-originated, ^elf-evolved, 
willing, unbidden, gratuitous. 

ANT. Involuntary, imposed, com- 
pulsionary, unwilling, necessitated, 

Sport. SYN. Play, frolic, wantonness, 
joke, diversion, merriment, gaiety, 
fun, amusement, recreation, game, 

ANT. Work, seriousness, business, 

Spot. n. SYN. Stain, blot, blemish, 
locality, site, place [ See BLEMISH]. 

Spotless [See PURE]. 

Spread. SYN. Extend, stretch, expand, 
open, unfurl, divulge, propagate, pub- 

lish, disperse, diffuse, overlay, dis- 
tribute, scatter, circulute,dissemiuate, 

ANT. Contract, furl, gather, fold, 
close, shut, secrete, suppress, confine, 
restrict, repress, hush, conceal, recal, 
collect, stagnate, concentrate, localize. 

Sprightly. SYN. Blithe, lively, gay, 
vivacious, alert, agile, brisk, animated- 

ANT. Sombre, dull, lifeless, slug- 
gish, inanimate, heavy. 

Spring:, n. SYN. Origin, source, foun- 
tain, beginning, rise [See OBIOINJ. 

Spring, v. SYN. Leap, bound, jump, 
start, emerge, issue, proceed, origi- 
nate, rise, emanate, germinate, burst, 

ANT. Settle, alight, land, drop, 
arrive, issue, eventuate, end, term) 
nate, debouch, disembogue. 

Sprite. SYN. Spirit, specter, ghost, 
shade, fairy, elf [See GHOST |. 

Sprout, n. SYN. Bud, germ, shoot, 
twig, stem, scion [See SCION]. 

Sprout, v. SYN. Shoot, germinate, 
spring, vegetate, bud. 
ANT. Blight, wither, decay. 

Spruco. SYN. Neat, finical, trim, smug, 
tidy, smart, foppish, dandified, jaunty. 
ANT. Slovenly, untidy, uutrim, dis- 

Spur. SYN. Incite, goad, Instigate, 
impel, urge, stimulate. 

ANT. Rein, inhibit, hold, discourage, 
deter, dissuade, restrain, temper, 

Spurious. SYN. Counterfeit, false, 
not genuine, unauthentic, forged, 
adulterate, ungenuiue, bastard, sup- 
posititious, groundless, ascititious. 

ANT. True, genuine, veritable, un- 
adulterated, legitimate, authentic. 

Spurn [See REJECT]. 

Spy. v. SYN. See. espy, discern, dis- 
cover, explore, view, inspect. 

ANT. Miss, overlook, misexplore, 

Spy. n. SYN. Emissary, detective, 

ANT. Sentinel, watchman, warder, 

Squalid. SYN. Foul, dirty, un- 
tended, filthy, nasty, unclean, mucky, 




ANT. Wholesome, cleanly, tended, 
trim, tidy. 

Squander. SYN. Waste, dissipate, 
spend wastefully. 
ANT. Save, conserve, be frugal. 

Stab. SYN. Pierce, transfix, thrust. 

Stable. SYN. firm, established, se- 
cure, steady, constant, unwavering, 
durable, stanch, permanent, firmly 
fixed, solid, steadfast, steady, lasting, 

ANT. Infirm, tottering, weak, inse- 
cure, precarious, inconstant, waver- 
ing, frail, transient, ephemeral, evan- 
escent, unstable. 

Stagnant. SYN. Motionless, cur- 
rentless, tideless, unflowing, uncir- 
culating, still, dull, torpid, lifeless, 

ANT Brisk, flowing, circulating, 
rapid, lively, agitated, seething, effer- 
vescent, restless. 

Staid. SYN. Grave, demure, steady, 
sober, sedate. 

ANT. Unsteady, flighty, indiscreet, 
wanton, insedate, erratic, eccentric, 
agitated, discomposed, ruffled. 

Stain, n. SYN. Color, dye, tinge, dis- 
coloration, blemish, blot, stigma, slur, 
shame, taint [See BLEMISH J. 

Stain, v. SYN. Dye, color, tinge, slur, 
shame, paint, blot, soil, sully, dis- 
color, tarnish, taint, disgrace, dis- 
honor, befoul, blemish, stigmatize. 

ANT. Purify, wash, cleanse, ab- 
eolve, ornament, decorate, emblazon, 
signalize, honor. 

Stale. SYN. Vapid, tasteless, thread- 
bare, common-place, hackneyed. 
ANT. Fresh [See VAPID]. 

Stalk. SYN. Stride, promenade, pa- 
rade, pace, march. 
ANT. Sneak, crawl, grovel, creep. 

Stalwart. SYN. Powerful, able-bod- 
ied, strong, robust, resolute, brave. 
ANT. Weak, timorous, irresolute. 

Stammer. SYN. Stutter, hesitate, 

ANT. Speak clearly, speak unhesi- 

Stamp, n. SYN. Genus, kind, descrip- 
tion, make, mark, impression, im- 
print, print, brand, cast, mould, char- 
acter, type. 

ANT. Heterogeneity, non-descrip- 
tion, formlessness. 

Stanch. SYK. Firm, steady, constant, 

faithful, unswerving, reliable, sincere, 
trusty, zealous, fast, sound, steadfast. 
ANT. Untrustworthy, vacillating, 
unsound, unsteady, unreliable, treach- 
erous, precarious. 

Stand. SYN. Rest, remain, stop, be, 
exist, keep one's ground, insist, de- 
pend, await, consist, hold, continue, 
endure, pause, halt. 

ANT. Progress, move, proceed, ad- 
vance, fall, fail, yield, succumb, drop, 
lie, vanish, fade, run, depart. 

Standard. SYN. Measure, gauge, 
criterion, test, rule, exemplar, banner, 
flag, type, model, scale, plummet, 

ANT. Mismeasurement, misrule, 
misadjustineiit, miscomparisou, in- 
conforniity, misfit, incommensurate- 
ness, non-criterion. 

Standing, n. SYN. Status, position, 
ground, duration, continuance, foot- 
ing, stand-point, foundation. 

ANT. Baselessness, evanescence, in- 
security, precariousncss. 

Standing, a. SYN. Established, last- 
ing [See FiKMj. 

Start. SYN. Set out, initiate, begin, 
set on foot, rouse. 
ANT. Carry on, end, complete. 

Startle [See AFFRIGHT] . 

Starved. SYN. Lean, thin, meagre, 
attenuated, famished, hungry, ema- 
ciated, ill-fed, ill-conditioned. 

ANT. Fat, plump, well-conditioned, 

State, n. SYN. Position, condition, 
situation, circumstances, plight, pre- 
dicament, case, province [See CON- 

State, v. SYN. Say, declare, propound, 
aver, set forth, narrate, specify, par- 
ticularize, avow, recite. 

ANT. Suppress, repress, suppose, 
imply, deny, contradict, retract. 

Stately. SYN. Dignified, imposing, 
lofty, elevated, lordly, proud, majes- 
tic, pompous, magnificent, grand. 

ANT. Undignified, unimposing, vuv 
stately, commonplace, mean. 

Station. SYN. Standing, post, posi- 
tion, office, occupation, business, 
place, situation, state, rank, location. 
ANT. Dielodgment, displacement, 
non-position, ejectment, non-location* 
removal, departure, locomotion. 

8TA 355 

Stationary. SYN. Fixed, Immovable, 
motionless, unalterable, quiescent. 

ANT. Movable, unfixed, migratory, 
removable, changeable, alterable. 

Statute. SYN. Enactment, law, act, 
decree, ordinance, legislation, edict. 

ANT. Custom, conventionality, pre- 
scription, use, precedent, usage. 

Stave, v. SYN. Parry, fend, forefend. 
ANT. Attract, court, draw, invoke, 

Stay. n. SYN. Abode, continuance, so- 
journ, support, prop [See ABODE and 

Stay. v. SYN. Hold, stop, restrain, 
withhold, arrest, hinder, delay, ob- 
struct, support, rest, repose, remain, 
continue, dwell, await, halt, abide, 
wait, tarry, confide, trust, lean. 

ANT. Loose, liberate, send, expe- 
dite, speed, free, accelerate, hasten, 
oppress, depress, burden, fail, fall, 
proceed, move, depart, overthrow, 

Steadfast. SYN. Firm, rooted, 
grounded, fixed, established, resolved, 
constant, steady, unswerving, stanch, 

ANT. Infirm, weak, vacillating, ca- 
pricious, uncertain, irresolute, wa- 
vering, dubious, half-hearted, half- 

Steady. SYN. Firm, fixed, constant, 
uuiform, consistent, equable, regular, 
ondeviating, well-regulated. 

ANT. Infirm, variable, unsteady, 
inconstant, changeable, wavering, ill- 

Steal. SYN. Filch, pilfer, purloin, 
swindle, take by theft, peculate, em- 
bezzle, smuggle. 

ANT. Eob, plunder, ravage, maraud, 
Back, pillage. 

Steep, v. SYN. Dip, soak, immerse, 
macerate, submerge, drench, imbue. 
ANT. Air, dry, ventilate, fan, sun, 
aridity, exsiccate. 

Steep, a. SYN. Abrupt, precipitous, 
elevated, inaccessible, hilly, craggy. 

ANT. Easy, level, undulating, ac- 
cessible, gradual. 

Stem. v. SYN. Oppose, breast, with- 
stand, obstruct, confront [See OP- 

Step. n. SYN. Advance, pace, space, 
grade, remove, degree, gradation, 


progression, track, trice, 

walk, gait, proceeding, action, meas- 


ANT. Retreat, recession, baiting, 
station, standing, non-graduation, 
non-progression, stand-still, stop, 
tracklessness, uutraceableness, non 
impression, desinence, desistance, In- 

Sterile. SYN. Barren, unfruitful, un- 
productive. desert, infertile. 

ANT. Fruitful, fertile, productive, 
luxuriant, exuberant, cultivated. 
Sterling. SYN. Sound, substantial, 
unalloyed, pure, unadulturnted, stand- 
ard, genuine, essential, solid. 

ANT. Fictitious, ungenuine, asciti- 
tious, specious, pretentious, ostensi- 
ble, plausible. 

Stern. SrN. Severe, austere, rigid, 
harsh, strict, rigorous, unrelenting, 
unyielding, forbidding. 

ANT. Lenient, genial, kindly, easy, 
flexible, encouraging. 
Stick, v. SYN. Hold, adhere, cleave 

[See Anni'.uK |. 

Stiff". SYN. Unbending, inflexible, 
rigid, unyielding, uupliant, stroux, 
stubborn, obstinate, pertinacious, 
constrained, affected, starched, for- 
mal, ceremonious, difficult. 

ANT. Pliant, flexible, flaccid, yield- 
ing, easy, unaffected, genial, affabie. 

Stifle.SYN. Choke, suffocate, sniotfapr, 
throttle, quench, repress, suppress, 
extinguish, burke. 

ANT. Ventilate, discuss, promul- 
gate, propound. 

Stigma. SYN. Brand, mark, infamy, 
disgrace, blot, stain. 

ANT. Decoration, feather, laurels, 
credit, renown. 

Stigmatize. SYN. Brand, denounce, 
reprobate, censure. 

ANY. Panegyrize, land, eulogize. 
Still. SYN. Quiet, calm, uoiM-U . 
hushed, silent, pacific, serene, m< >:it>n- 
less. stagnant, peaceful, quiescent, 
tranquil, stationary. 

ANT. Unquiet, disturbed, agitated, 
moved, noisy, resonant, turbulent, 
moving, transitional. 
Stimulate [See SPUR and UBOE]. 
SCiiisr y. SYN. Close, avaricious, mean, 
niggardly, close-fisted, hide-bound 



parsimonious, sparing, sordid, penu- 

ANT. Liberal, generous, large, 
handsome, lavish, bountiful, unspar- 

Stink, n. SYN. Stench, fetor, bad 
ANT. Sweet odor, fragrance. 

Stint. SYN. Stop, limit, restrict, 
bound, dole. 
ANT. Lavish, pour, heap, squander. 

Stipend [See WAGES]. 

Stipendiary. SYN. Paid, remune- 
rated, compensated, hired. 

ANT. Unpaid, uuremunerated, vol- 
untary, gratuitous, honorary. 

Stipulate. SYN. Bargain, agree, con- 
tract, covenant, engage, condition, 

ANT. Retract, decline, refuse, with- 
draw, revoke, disagree, deprecate, 
protest, recant. 

Stir. SYN. Agitate, incite, Instigate, 
prompt, awaken, stimulate, animate, 
arouse, budge, excite, provoke, raise, 

ANT. Soothe, compose, quiet, allay, 
pacify, still, repress, deaden, tran- 

Stock, n. STN. Store, hoard, supplv, 
fund, accumulation [See ACCUMULA- 

Stoical. SYN. Philosophical, Indiffer- 
ent, apathetic, phlegmatic, patient, 
inexcitable, imperturbable. 

ANT. Sanguine, excitable, sensitive, 

Stolid. SYN. Stupid, dull, heavy, 
senseless, mindless, doltish, foolish, 
obtuse, unintelligent. 

ANT. Acute, sensitive, sagacious, 
quick, clever, bright. 

Stoop. SYN. Beud, condescend, yield 
[See BEND]. 

Stop. v. SYN. Close, obstruct, plug, 
cork, bar, seal, arrest, suspend, end, 
rest, halt, hinder, suppress, delay, 
cease, terminate. 

ANT. Open, expedite, clear, broach, 
unseal, promote, advance, farther, 
continue, proceed, speed, hasten. 

Stop. n. SYN. Pause, cessation, inter- 
mission, rest, quietus [See REST]. 

Store, n. SYN. Treasure, treasury, 
garner, provision, supply, fund, ac- 
cumulation, hoard, abundance, shop, 
place of business, ammunition, stock. 

ANT. Emptiness, lack, misprovision, 
failure, exhaustion, want, expend- 
iture, disjxjsal, consumption. 

Store, v. [See SAVE]. 

Storehouse. SYN. Warehouse, re- 
pository, treasury, depot, magazine. 
Stormy [See BOISTEROUS]. 

Stout. SYN. Strong, lusty, vigorous, 
robust, sturdy, brawny, corpulent, 
resolute, brave, valiant, redoubtable. 
ANT. Weak, debile, frail, attenu- 
ated, thin, slender, lean, irresolute, 
feeble, cowardly, timid. 

Straight. SYN. Direct, rectilinear, 
undeviating, unswerving, right, near- 

ANT. Indirect, w'nding, incurved, 
tortuous, sinuous, serpentine, circu- 
itous, waving, crooked. 

Strain. SYN. Stretch, tighten, force, 
exert, filter, filtrate, percolate, depu- 
rate, purify, clarify, defecate, lix- 

ANT. Loosen, relax, remit, slacken, 
thicken, incrassate, inspissate, be- 

Strait, a. SYN. Close, strict, narrow 
[See NARROW]. 

Strait, n. [See DISTRESS]. 

Strange. SYN. Foreign, alien, exotic, 
unfamiliar, unusual, odd, irregular, 
abnormal, exceptional, surprising, 
wonderful, marvellous, astonishing, 
uncommon, peculiar. 

ANT. Home, domestic, familiar, us- 
ual, ordinary, common, regular, cus- 
tomary, commonplace, unsurprising, 
universal, general. 

Stranger. SYN. Foreigner, alien. 

ANT. Countryman, acquaintance, 

Stratagem. SYN. Artifice, taotics, 
trick, contrivance, generalship, ma- 
noeuvre, device, machination, plot, 
plan, deceit, imposition. 

ANT. Blunder, defeat, misma- 
noauvre, miscontrivance, mismanage- 

Stray. SYN. Wander, deviate, digress, 
ramble, go astray, err, depart, rove. 
ANT. Adhere, abide, stick. 

Stream. SYN. Current, course, flow, 
exit, drift, tide, tendency. 

ANT. Stagnation, desistance, arrest- 
ation, station, stand-still, stillness, 
halting, cessation, stopping, interrup* 


. SYN. Force, vigor, power, 
security, validity, vehemence, inten- 
sity, hardness, soundness, nerve, 
fibre, sinew. 

ANT. Weakness, imbecility, feeble- 
ness, insolidity, insecurity, invalidity, 
frailty, delicacy, softness, flimsiness, 

Strengthen. SYN. Confirm, estab- 
lish, fix, corroborate, secure, invig- 
orate, fortify, incri-Hso. 

ANT. Weaken, di-c ftablish. shike, 
loosen, sap, undermine, debilitate, di- 

Strenuous. SYS. Strong, res ilute, 
determined, earnest, vigorous, ar- 
dent, bold, energetic, vehement. 

ANT. Weak, irresolute, undeter- 
mined, unearnest, debile, feeble, 

Stress. SYN. Force, strain, weight, 
importance, pressure, urgency, em- 

ANT. Alleviation, sli^itness, light- 
ness, unimportance, casualty, touch, 

Stretch. SYN. Extend, expand, elon- 
gate, draw out, spread, strain, tighten, 

ANT. Contract, fold, curtail, shrink, 

Strict. SYN. Close, exact, accurate, 
rigorous, severe, stringent, nice, pre- 

ANT. Loose, inexact, inaccurate, le- 
nient, mild, indulgent, lax. 

Stricture. SYN. Censure, criticism, 
animadversion, reprobation, dis- 
praise, blame, reprehension. 

ANT. Praise, commendation, eulo- 
gy, compliment. 

Strife. SYN. Struggle, contention, con- 
test, animosity, quarrel, wrangle, dis- 
agreement, discord, bickering, emula- 

ANT. Good-will, peace, amity, 

Strike. SYN. Smite, impel, give a 
blow to, stamp, impress, penetrate, 
insert, drive, lower, startle, surprise, 
collide, touch. 

ANT. Smooth, soothe, caress, pat, 
stroke, efface, levigate, withdraw, 
raise, hoist, calm, graze, escape, 
avoid, pass. 

Striking. SYN. Impressive, affecting, 

257 8TTT 

admirable, wonderful, surprising 
I si-i- WONDERFUL]. 

Strip. SYN. Divest, denude, bare, pull 
off, despoil, dismantle, disencumber, 
flay, fleece, rob. 

ANT. Invest, endow, clothe, enrich, 

Strive. SYN. Labor, endeavor, aim, 
contest, toil, try, struggle, contend, 

ANT. Relax, surrender, succumb, 
submit, yield, withdraw. 

Stroll, r. SYN. Ramble, wander, rov, 
roam [See RAMBLE], 

Strong. SYN. Powerful, vigorous, sol- 
id, secure, fortified, forcible, impet- 
uous, hale, hearty, brawny, sinewy, 
sound, robust, cogent, influential, 
zealous, potent, pungent muscular, 
hardy, stanch, tenacious. 

ANT. Powerless, weak, frail, inse- 
cure, defenceless, feeble, mild, calm, 
gentle, delicate, sickly, inefficacious, 
unsatisfactory, unconvincing, unim- 
pressive, vapid, impotent, unavailing, 
lukewarm, debile, flaccid, nerveless, 
tender, moderate, indifferent. 

Structure. SYN. Construction, erec- 
tion, building, constitution, constitu- 
ency, organization, make, edifice, 
composition, texture. 

ANT. Destruction, subversion, dem- 
olition, disorganization, analysis, de- 
composition, resolution. 

Struggle, v. [See STRIVE]. 

Struggle, n. BYN. Contest, violent 
effort, labor, pains, agony [See 

Strut [See STRIDE]. 

Stubborn. SYN. Tough, unbending, 
unyielding, hard, obstinate, intract- 
able, obdurate, stiff, harsh, inflexible, 
headstrong, refractory, heady, con- 
tumacious, pig-headed. 

ANT. Docile, tractable, manageable, 
pliant, pliable, malleable, flexible. 

Studied. SYN. Premeditated, thought 
out, elaborate, learned, thoughtful. 

ANT. Unpremeditated, extempore, 

Studious. SYN. Literary, diligent, 
desirous, attentive, careful, thoughtful, 
assiduous, reflective. 

ANT. Cnliterary, illiterate, idle, In- 
dulgent, careless, regardless, indiffer- 
ent, inattentive, negligent, thought- 





Study, n. SYN. Application, learning, 
meditation, diligence, consideration, 
tt ought, contemplation,care, endeavor, 
research, intention, purpose. 

ANT. Indulgence, idleness, illiterate- 
ness, thoughtlessness, ease, indiffer- 
ence, carelessness, unstudiousness, 

Study, v SYN. Examine, con over, 
consider [See CONS < DEB]. 

Stuff, n. SYN Matter, substance, 
trash, nonsense [See NONSENSE], 

Stun. SYN. Confound, bewilder, dumb- 
founder, astonish, stupefy,overwhelm, 
overpower, electrify 

ANT. Encourage, animate, inspirit, 

Stupendous. SYN. Amazing, over- 
whelming, marvellous, wondrous, 
vast, astounding. 

ANT. Ordinary, tinimposing. 

Stupid. SYN. Dull, senseless, stolid, 
doltish, besotted, insensate, obtuse, 
prosy, addle pated, dull witted. 

ANT. Quick, sharp, bright, sensible, 
sagacious, penetrating, clever. 

Sturdy. SYN. Well-set, thick-set, 
strong, stout, stubborn, firm, resolute, 
forcible, hardy, robust. 

ANT. Lank, weak, ill-set, lean, 
fragile, weakly. 

Style. SYN. Phraseology, diction, 
fashion, mode, name, title [See DIC- 

Sujvity. SYN. Mildness, softness, 
pleasantness, gentleness, affability, 
courtesy, conciliatoriness, complai- 
sance, sweetness, urbanity. 

ANT. Koughness, harshness, rude- 
ness, haughtiness, superciliousness, 
pride, hauteur, moroseness, austerity. 

Subdue. SYN Conquer, reduce, over- 
power, break, tame, quell, vanquish, 
subdue, master, subjugate. 

ANT. Aggrandize, exalt, fortify, 
strengthen, empower, liberate, en- 

Subject, a SYN. Subordinate, sub- 
servient, exposed, liable, prone, dis- 
posed, obnoxious, amenable. 

ANT. Superior, independent, ex- 
empt, indisposed, unliable, unamen- 

Subject, n. SYN. Question, matter, 
material, theme, topic. 

Subjective. SYN. Mental, internal, 

ANT. External, objective. 

Subjugate [See SUBDUE]. 

Sublimate. SYN. Vaporize, refine, 
heighten, elevate, 

ANT. Solidify, crystallize, indurate, 
coarsen, worsen, degrade, deprave, 

Sublime. SYN. Raised, exalted, lofty, 
elevated, eminent, grand, stately, 
high, noble, majestic, glorious, mag- 

ANT. Low, depressed, unexalted, in- 
conspicuous, unimposrag, ordinary, 
mean, ignoLle, inglorious, base, ridic- 

Submerge. SYN. Drown, plunge, 
overwhelm, deluge, inundate, fink, 
steep, immerse 
ANT. Raise, extricate, educe. 

Submission. SYN. Yielding, sur- 
render, inferiority, dependence, 
meekness, resignation, patience, ac- 

ANT. Resistance, insurrender, in- 
subordination, independence, antag- 
onism, self-assertion, impatience. 

Submissive. SYN. Obedient, com- 
pliant, yielding, obsequious, humble, 
docile, modest, passive, acquiescent, 

ANT. Disobedient, incompliant, un- 
yielding, inobsequious, recalcitrant, 
refractory, prov.d, resistent, renitent, 
malcontent, recusant. 

Submit. SYN. Yield, resign, surren- 
der, comply, refer, propose, suggest, 
present, acquiesce, succumb. 

ANT. Recalcitrate, oppose, resist, 
object, withdraw, resume, rescue, re- 
cover, vindicate, retain, reserve, hold, 
keep, contend. 

Subordinate [See SUBJECT]. 

Subscribe. SYN. Affirm, maintain, 
support, endorse, assent. 

ANT. Deny, disavow, repudiate, pro- 

Subsequent. SYN. Posterior, later, 
succeeding, following, after. 

ANT. Prior, former, earlier, pre- 
cedent anterior. 

Subservient [See SUBJECT]. 

Subsidence. SYN. Settlement, sink- 
ing, retreat, refluence, ebb. decrease. 
ANT. Rising, affluence, flow, inun- 
dation, agitation, swelling, intumes- 
cence, increase. 




Subsidiary. SYN. Assistant, ancil- 
lary, helpful, adjuvant, conducive, f u- 
vorable, promotive, adniinicular, cor- 
roborative, tending. 

ANT. Opponent, obstructive, pre- 
veutative, inconducive, unfavorable, 
retardative, subversive, counterac- 

Su bist. SYS. Be, live, feed, continue, 

ANT. Fail, starve, decay, die. 
Substance. SYN. Matter, material, 
body, pith, gist, import, essential, 
meaning [See PITH]. 
Substantial. SYN. Existing, real, 
solid, true, corporeal, material, 
strong, stout, massive, bulky, tangi- 

ANT. Imaginary, unreal, insubstan- 
tial, fictitious, supposititious, incor- 
poreal, chimerical, visionary, immate- 
rial, weak, frail, airy, disembodied, 
spiritual, ghostly. 

Substitute. SYN. Exchange, com- 
mute, represent, replace, supply, de- 

ANT. Retain, fix, continue, per- 
petuate, stabilitate, establish. 
Subterfuge. SYN. Shift, evasion, ar- 
tifice, excuse, pretext, dodge, under- 
handedness, sophistry. 

ANT. Assertion, promulgation, chal- 
lenge, exhibition, manifestation, open 
haudedness, frankness, daylight, vin- 

Subtile. SYN. Fine, thin, rare, re- 
fined, volatile, delicate, nice, acute. 

ANT. Coarse, thick, gross, crass, 

Subtle. STN. Sly, artful, cunning, in- 
sinuating, wily, astute, nice, discrim- 
inating, crafty, fine, shrewd, sophisti- 
cal, Jesuitical. 

ANT. Open, frank, honest, artless, 
nndiscriminating, rough, blunt, nn- 
discerning, unsophisticated, simple. 
Subtract. SYN. Withdraw, remove, 
deduct, take. 

ANT. Add, import, adduce, give, 

Suburbs. SYN. Precincts, purlieus, 
outskirts, confines, environs. 

ANT. Centre, heart, citadel, acrop- 

Subvert. STN. Overturn, overthrow, 

ANT. Stabilitate, perpetuate, COB. 

Siu-'-ed. SYN. Follow, supervene, 
prosper, flourish, ensue, thrive. 
ANT. Preceed, anticipate, fall. 
Success. SYN. Achievement, luck, 
consummation, prosperity, victory, 

ANT. Failure, defeat, disaster, ruin. 
Successful. SYN. Lucky, fortunate, 
happy, auspicious, prosperous [Sea 

Succession. SYN. Following, super- 
vention, consecution, sequence, order, 
series, rotation, continuity, supply, 

ANT. Precedence, anticipation, pre- 
vention, antecedence, irregularity, 
disorder, non-sequence, solution, fail- 
ure, intermission, break, gap, incon- 

Succinct. SYN. Brief, close, concise, 
short, summary, terse, compendious, 

ANT. Prolix, diffuse, discursive, cir- 
cuitous, circumlocutory. 
Succor. SYN. Aid, support, console, 
alleviate, befriend, comfort, help, as- 
sist, relieve. 

ANT. Distress, oppress, maltreat, in- 
jure, thwart, burden, persecute, hurt. 
Succumb. SYN. Surrender, comply, 
submit, acquiesce, yield, sink, resign. 
ANT. Resist, rise, contend, battle, 
fight, surmount. 
Suck In. SYN. Absorb, imbibe. 

ANT. Throw out, eject. 
Sudden. SYN. Unanticipated, hasty, 
rash, quick, unexpected, abrupt. 

ANT. Gradual, expected, transi- 
tional, slow, premonished, antici- 

Suffer. SYN. Bear, endure, eunain, 
undergo, let, permit, allow, admit, 
tolerate, experience, support. 

ANT. Resist, repel, expel, reject, 
disallow, repudiate, forbid, ignore. 
Sufferance. SYN. Toleration, per- 
mission, allowance, endurance, mod- 
eration, self-control, long suffering, 

ANT. Prohibition, resistance, non- 
endurance, impatience, insubmiseion, 
Suffering [See AFFLICTION n4 





Suffice. SYN. Satisfy, content, be 

enough [See SATISFY]. 
Sufficiency [See ABUNDANCE and 


Sufficient. SYN. Adequate, equal, 
competent, satisfactory, tit, qualified, 
adapted, suited, enough, ample. 

ANT. Inadequate, unequal, incom- 
petent, unqualified, unadapted, insuf- 
ficient, unsuited, meagre, bare,scanty, 
short, deficient. 

Suffix. ?i. M.S. Affix, post-fix. 
ANT. Prefix. 

Suffocate [See SMOTHER]. 

Suffrage. SYN. Vc.o, voice, support. 

Suggest. SYN. Hint, insinuate, pro- 
pose, allude to, recommend, intimate. 
ANT. Declare, propound, enunciate, 
insist, demand, dictate. 

Suit. v. SYN. Fit, adapt, match, ad- 
just, harmonize, apportion, befit, be- 
seem, tally, correspond, answer, com- 
port, please, serve, agree, become, 

ANT. Misfit, misadapt, mismatch, 
misapportion, unbeseern, vary, differ, 
disagree, miscomport. 

Suit. n. SYN. Solicitation, petition, re- 
quest, action at law, wooing, court- 
ship, process, series [See PETITION]. 

Suitable, a. SYN. Proper, fitting, be- 
coming, seemly, befitting, adequate, 
eligible, agreeable, appropriate, de- 
cent, convenient, accordant, compe- 
tent, correspondent, harmonious, uni- 
form, homogeneous. 

ANT. Improper, unfitting, unbe- 
coming, indecent, inconvenient, iuac- 
cordant, various, heterogeneous, un- 
suitable, incompetent, 

Sulky. SYN. Sullen, gloomy, splenetic, 
churlish, ill-tempered, fretful, mo- 
ANT. Genial, kindly. 

Sullen. SYN. Gloomy, heavy, dismal, 
foreboding, sulky, moody, lowering, 

ANT. Bright, light, cheerful, favor- 
able, genial, kindly, glad, gladsome, 

Sully. SYN. Soil, efface, dirty, taint, 
tarnish, spot, stain, spoil, disgrace, 

ANT. Purify, cleanse, ennoble, 
dignify, signalize, glorify, honor. 

Sultry. SY. Close, oppressive, de- 

ANT. Open, fresh, invigorating, 
bracing, elastic, exhilarating, breezy. 

Sum. n. SYN. Aggregate,total, example, 
problem, whole, amount, quantity, 
collection, substance, gist, tenor, 
height, completion, drift, bearing. 

ANT. Part, portion, item, imper- 
fection, incompleteness, miscalcula- 
tion, misinterpretation. 

Summary, a. SYN. Compendious, 
short, succinct, brief, off-hand, de- 
cisive, quick, sharp, unceremonious, 
informal, rapid, concise. 

ANT. Tedious, circuitous, round- 
about, protracted, formal, ceremoni- 
ous, punctilious, slow. 

Summary, n. SYN. Analysis, tabula- 
tion, abridgment, resume, compen- 
dium, digest, epitome, abstract. 

ANT. Dilatation, expansion, dilu- 

Summit. SYN. Top, height, apex, 
culmi nation, zenith. 

ANT. Bottom, depth, base, foot, 

Summon. SYN. Call, cite, challenge, 
convene, convoke, invite, bid. 

ANT. Discharge, remit, relegate, 
send, disband, prorogue, dissolve, dis- 
card, dismiss. 

Sumptuous. SYN. Costly, gorgeous, 
superb, splendid, expensive, magnifi- 
cent, prodigal, princely, lavish, mu- 

ANT. Poor, mean, inexpensive, sor- 
did, niggardly, economical, illiberal, 
beggarly, frugal, parsimonious, sav- 

Superable. SYN. Feasible, possible, 
manageable, surmountable. 

ANT. Insuperable, indomitable, in- 
vincible, unmanageable, impossible, 

Superannuated. SYN. Effete, time- 
worn, decrepit, passe'. 

ANT. Vigorous, energetic, active, 

Superb. SYN. Grand, magnificent, 
elegant, princely, splendid, showy, 
proud, august, stately, gorgeous. 

ANT. Mean, common, commonplace, 
unimposing, shabby. 

Supercilious. SYN. Haughty, con- 
temptuous, disdainful, arrogant, i 




ANT. Affable, courteous, respectful, 
modest, bashful. 

Supererogation. SYN. Superfluity, 
excess, superabundance, supervaca- 
neousness, needlessness. 

ANT. Necessity, unprofitableness, 
duty, shortcoming, deficiency. 

Superficial. STN. Light, slight, im- 
perfect, showy, external, flimsy, sur- 
face, shallow, smattering, skin-deep. 

ANT. Deep, profound, abstruse, re- 
condite, accurate, exact, deep-seated. 

Superfluous [See REDUNDANT]. 

Superfluity. STN. Redundance, 
needlessness, supererogation, pleo- 
nasm, excess. 

ANT. Necessity, necessary, require- 
ment, short-coming, deficiency. 

Superhuman. SYN. Supernatural, 
miraculous, divine, hyperphysical, 

ANT. Natural, human, physical, un- 

Superintend [See SUPERVISE], 

Superintendence [See OVER- 

Superintendent. SYN. Inspector, 
overseer, controller, director, man- 
ager, visitor, head, principal, super- 

ANT. Subject, subordinate, servant, 

Superior. SYN. Higher, upper, bet- 
ter, preferable, surpassing, loftier, 
excellent, remarkable, eminent, con- 

ANT. Inferior, lower, worse,subordi- 
nate, ordinary, common, unremark- 
able, average, mean, mediocre. 

Superiority [See INFERIORITY]. 

Superlative. SYN. Supreme, tran- 
scendent, greatest, highest, extreme, 
surpassing, consummate, extraordi- 

ANT. Common, ordinary, unremark- 

Supernal. SYN. Celestial, heavenly. 
ANT. Terrestrial, earthly, infernal, 
lower, sublunary. 

Supernatural [See SUPERHUMAN]. 

Supersede. SYN. Remove, displace, 
obviate, oust, recal, neutralize, over- 
rule, suspend, supplant. 

ANT. Confirm, perpetuate, continue, 
introduce, supply. 

Superstition. STN. Bigotry, fanat- 

ANT. Infidelity, skepticism, disbe- 
lief, rationalism, religion, devotion, 
worship, reason. 

Supervene. SYN. Happen, accrue, 
succeed, occur. 

ANT. Pass, depart, disappear, van- 

Supervise. STN. Superintend, con- 
trol, manage, direct, visit, inspect, 

ANT. Mismanage, miscontrol, mis- 
regulate, misdirect. 

Supine. SYN. Lazy, indolent, indif- 
ferent, listless, inactive, negligent, 
inattentive, careless, sluggish, otiose, 

ANT. Active, energetic, laborious, 
diligent, indefatigable. 

Supple. SYN. Pliant, bending, yield- 
ing, flexible, elastic, servile, fawning, 
cringing, adulatory, sycophantic, 
lithe, limber, compliant. 

ANT. Firm, unbending, unyielding, 
stiff, stubborn, inflexible, inelastic, 
independent, self-assertive, super- 

Supplement, n. SYN. Addition, ap- 
pendix [See ADDENDUM]. 

Supplicate. SYN. Pray, beg, entreat, 
beseech, implore, solicit, crave, im- 

ANT. Order, command, insist, dic- 
tate, demand. 

Supply. SYN. Furnish, afford, pro- 
vide, accoutre, give, minister, yield, 

ANT. Expend, use, consume, waste, 
exhaust, absorb, demand, withhold, 
withdraw, retain. 

Support, r. SYN. Bear, uphold, sus- 
tain, underlie, befriend, assist, ser- 
ond, promote, further, suffer, defend, 
foster, nurture, nourish, cherish, en- 
dorse, maintain, continue, counte- 
nance, patronize, subsidize, help, 
back, stay, favor, prop. 

ANT. Drop, betray, surrender, 
abandon, discontinue, oppose, dis- 
courage, weaken, exhaust, thwart, 
discountenance, disfavor, subvert, 

Support, n. SYN. Prop, stay, founda- 
tion, buttress, help, aid, assistance, 
influence, maintenance, living, pat. 

SUP 262 

ronage, subsistence, livelihood, food 

Supporter [See ADHERENT]. 

Suppose. SYN. Assume, presume, be- 
lieve, divine, deem, fancy, think, re- 
gard, conceive, imagine, imply, pre- 
suppose, conjecture, guess, conclude, 
judge, consider. 

ANT. Prove, demonstrate, substan- 
tiate, realize, disbelieve, negative, 

Supposition. SYN. Conjecture, sur- 
mise, assumption, hypothesis, specu- 
lation, theory, guess, presumption 

Supposititious. SYN. Fictitious, 
ascititious, adventitious, spurious, 
counteneit, fancied, imaginary, sham, 

ANT. True, genuine, authentic, 
veritable, actual, real. 

Suppress. SYN. Overpower, extin- 
guish, repress, stifle, check, subdue, 
quell, era h, destroy, restrain, con- 
ceal, hu n, stop, smother. 

ANT. Raise, support, fan. excite, 
strengthen, incite, instigate, increase, 
aggravate, vent, publish, promulgate, 
spread, disseminate, intensify. 

Suppresslble. SYN. Extinguishable, 

ANT. Inextinguishable, irrestrain- 
able, irrepressible, indomitable. 

Supremacy. SYN. Sovereignty, non- 
subjection, lordship, autocracy. 

ANT. Inferiority, subordination, 

Supreme. SYN. Greatest, highest, 
first, predominant, paramount, prin- 
cipal, sovereign [See PARAMOUNT and 

Sure. SYN. Certain, secure, safe, as- 
sured, unmistakable, stable, firm, 
knowing, believing, confident, trust- 
ing, unquestioning, positive, unfail- 
ing, strong, permanent, abiding, en- 
during, infallible, indisputable, fast. 

ANT. Uncertain ignorant, dubious, 
doubtful, hesitating, distrustful, ques- 
tioning, vacillating, weak, untrust- 
worthy, precarious, insecure, imper- 
manent, transient, evanescent, falli- 
ble, disputable, loose. 

Surety. SYN. Certainty, safety, se- 
curity, guaranty, pledge, boudsumu, 


bail, hostage [See CJEBTATNTY and 

Surfeit. SYN. Superabundance, ex- 
cess, glut, nimiety, plethora 

ANT. Scantiness, stint, defect, star- 
vation, inanition, insufficiency. 

Surly. SYN. Snarling, splenetic, 
rough, crabbed, gloomy, uncivil [See 

Surmise, v. SYN. Suspect, imagine, 
conjecture, guess, fancy, presume, 
suppose [ See SUPPOSE and SUSPECT], 

Surmount [See SUCCUMB]. 

Surpass. SYN. Eclipse, outvie, excel, 
outstrip, exceed, outdo, outstep, sur- 
mount, transcend. 
ANT. Fail, foil, equal. 

Surplus. SYN. Redundancy, re- 
mainder, rest, overplus, residue, ex- 
cess, balance. 

ANT. Deficiency, deficit, shortcom- 
Surprise. SYN. Startle, astonish, 
alarm, amaze, confuse. 

ANT. Prepare, premonish, fore- 

Surprising [See WONDERFUL], 

Surrender. SYN. Yield, submit, cede, 
relinquish, abandon, resign. 

ANT. Withhold, vindicate, retain, 
resist, contend, strive. 

Surreptitious. SYN. Stealthy, fur- 
tive, unauthorized, fraudulent, under- 
handed, clandestine. 

ANT. Open, openhanded, frank, 
honest, ingenuous. 

Surround [See EN CIRCLE]. 

Survey. SYN. Scan, view, inspect, re- 
connoitre, overlook, scruitinize, ex- 
amine, superintend, review, contem- 

ANT. Ignore, miss, disregard, mis- 
observe, misview, overlook. 

Susceptible. SYN. Capable, impress- 
ible, te::der, sensitive. 

ANT. Incapable, unimpressible, in- 
sensitive, insusceptible, impassible. 

Suscitate. SYN. Rouse, excite, vital- 
ize, fan, inflame. 

ANT. Soothe, calm, allay, repress, 
deaden, mesmerize, extinguish, con- 
pose, repress, lay. 

Suspect. SYN. Imagine, eurmi, 
guess, conjecture, aujfur, doubt, mis- 
trust, distrust. 


ANT. Disbelieve, discredit, trust, 
confide, credit, accredit. 

Suspend. SYN. Attach, hang, rest. 
interrupt, delay, iutermit, stop, dis- 

ANT. Detach, drop, remove, con- 
tinue, expedite, protract, prolong. 

Suspense. SYN. Protraction, uncer- 
tainty, doubt, solicitude, cessation, 
pause, waiting, intermission, discon- 
tinuance, abeyance, stoppage, inde- 
termination, indecision. 

ANT. Determination, settlement, 
execution, continuance, uninterrup- 
tion. revival, determination, decision, 

Suspicion. SYN. Distrust, misgiving, 
mistrust, jealousy [ See TBDST], 

Sustain [See SUPPORT]. 

Sustenance. SYN. Support, food, 
aliment, living, subsistance, liveli- 
hood, alimony, provision, nourish- 
ment, nutriment, nurture, sustenta- 
tion, nutrition, pabulum, mainte- 

ANT. Starvation, Inanition, non- 
subsistance, innutrition, exhaustion. 

Sustentatlon [See SUSTENANCE]. 

Kwaln. SYN. Peasant, rustic, hind, 
countryman, lover [See RUSTIC]. 

Swallow. SYN. Absorb, gorge, en- 
gross, devour, appropriate, exhaust, 
consume, imbibe, engulf, brook. 

ANT. Vomit, disgorge, eructate, dis- 
charge, economize, save, eschew, re- 

Swamp [See MARSH]. 

Swarm. SYN. Multitude, crowd, 
throng, cluster, host, mass, press, 
posse, bevy, flock, troop, drove, herd, 
horde, crew, gang, shoal, army, host, 
regiment, myriad, inundation. 

ANT. Paucity, sprinkling, scantling, 

Sway. n. SYN. Wield, influence, rule, 
authority, government, superiority, 
bias, dominion, control, preponder- 
ance, domination, supremacy, mas- 
tery, ascendency, weight, force, 

ANT. Weakness, Inferiority, subor- 
dination, irresintance, obedience, sub- 
servience, subjection. 

Sway. v. SYN. Influence, govern, 
rule, bias, wave, swing, wiel< [See 

963 SVM 

Swear. RYN. Depose, affirm, testify, 
declare, blaspheme, curse [See AJT- 

Sweat. SYN. Perspiration, exudation, 
sweating, excretion [See EXUDA- 

Sweep, v. SYN. Remove, clean, 
brush, carry off, destroy [See CLEAN 

Sweep, n. SYN. Compass, range, 
stroke [See COMPASS]. 

Sweet, a. SYN. Saccharine, luscious, 
fragrant, dulcet, melodious, harmo- 
nious, musical, beautiful, lovely, 
wholesome, pleasing, pure, mild, win- 
ning, agreeable, fresh, gentle, ami' 

ANT. Sour, bitter, unsweet, fetid, 
offensive, nauseous, olid, stinking, 
nasty, inharmonious, discordant, un- 
lovely, repulsive, unwholesome, pu- 
trid, tainted, ungentle, unamiable. 

Swell. SYN. Dilate, extend, enlarges 
heighten, heave, enhance, rise, ex- 
pand, increase, augment, protuberate, 
aggravate, amplify, distend, 

ANT. Contract, curtail, shrivel, di- 
minish, lessen, retrench, reduce, col- 
lapse, fold, narrow, condense, concen- 

Swerve. SYN. Deviate, diverge, stray, 
wander, divaricate, bend, incline, 
ANT. Continue, disincline. 

Swift. SYN. Rapid, speedy, headlong, 
quick, accelerated, nimble, expedi- 
tious, fleet, fast, ready, quick, eager, 
alert, prompt. 

ANT. Slow, tardy, lingering, lazy, 
loitering, inexpeditious, inactive, 
sluggish, unready. 

Swindle [See CHEAT]. 

Swindler. SYN. Rogue, impostor, 
sharper, knave, cheat [See CHEAT, 

Swing. SYN. Oscillate, dangle, wave, 

ANT. Be stationary. 

Sycophant. SYN. Parasite, flatter- 
er, toady, lick-spittle, hanger-on, flat- 
terer [See PARASITE]. 

Symbol [See SIGN], 

Symmetrical. SYN. Regular, shape- 
ly, well proportioned [See HARMONI- 

Symmetry. SYH. Harmony, proper- 


tion, conformity, interrelation, inter- 
coincidence, shapeliness, agreement, 

ANT. Disharmony, disproportion, 
Incouformity, shapelessness, disagree- 
ment, iuterdisparity, interrepug- 
nauce, incoucinnity. 

Sympathy. SYN. Fellow-feeling, 
congeniality, commiseration, compas- 
sion, pity, concert, tenderness, agree- 
ment, condolence. 

ANT. Antipathy, antagonism, in- 
congeniality, pitilessness, merciless- 
ness, compassionlessness, unkindness, 
harshness, unkindliuees. 

Cymptom. SYN. Concurrent, con- 
comitant, premonition, indication, 
mark, note, sign, token. 
ANT. Misiiidication. 

fiyiiod. SYN. Conference, convention, 
conclave, ecclesiastical council. 

Syiionomous. SYN. Equivalent, 
tantamount, alike in meaning, identi- 
cal, interchangeable. 

ANT. Opposed in meaning, not 

Synonym. SYN. Equivalent, equiva- 
lent term. 

ANT. Antonym, counter tevm, op- 
posite term. 

Synopsis. SYN. Abstract, epitome, 
summary, abridgment [See ABRIDG- 

System. SYN. Method, scheme, or- 
der, regularity, classification, arrange- 
ment, rule, plan. 

ANT. Disorder, derangement, con- 
fusion, fortuity, chance, medley, hap- 
hazard, incongruity, non-arrange- 
ment, non-classification. 

Systematize. SYN. Methodize, re- 
duce to a system, arrange, regulate, 
order [See ARRANGE]. 


TABERNACLE. SYN. Tent, pavil- 
ion, habitation, temple, meeting 
house, church. 

Tabid. SYN. Wasting, consumptive, 
phthisical, morbid, declining, vitiated, 
lean, shrivelled. 

ANT. Hearty, robust, sound, vigor- 
ous, stout. 

Tacit. SYN. Silent, implied, under- 
stood, implicit, unexpressed. 

364 TAL 

ANT. Open, avowed, expressed, 
formal, declared. 

Taciturn. SYN. Silent, reserved, in- 
con versible, uncommunicative, close, 
mute, pauciloquous, reticent. 

ANT. Open, unreserved, convers- 
ible, communicative, fluent, chatty, 
talkative, garrulous, chattering, lo- 
quacious, multiloquous, prating, prat- 
tling, twaddling, verbose, gabbling, 

Taciturnity [See SILENCE]. 

Tact. SYN. Nicety, perception, ad- 
dress, adroitness, expertness, faculty, 
knack, dexterity, sensitiveness, skill, 
taste, discrimination, judgment, 

ANT. Coarseness, insensitiveness, 
awkwardness, indiscrimination, indis- 

Tactics. SYN. Manosuvre, policy, 
strategy, diplomacy, management, 
ANT. Blunder, impolicy. 

Taint. SYN. Imbue, impregnate, in- 
fect, defile, corrupt, stain, sully, tar- 
nish, contaminate, vitiate, poison, 
pollute, blot, disgrace, dishonor. 

ANT. Disinfect, purify, cleanse, ef- 
face, signalize, credit. 

Take. SYN. Seize, grasp, catch, cap- 
ture, siege, use, obtain, piu.-ue, u- 
ploy, follow, assume, procure, capti- 
vate, engage, interest, charm, choosp, 
select, admit, accept, receive, con- 
duct, transfer. 

ANT. Drop, reject, abandon, sur- 
render, lose, miss, repel. 

Tale. SYN. Story, narrative, incident, 
fiction, fable, romance, legend, reci- 
tal, anecdote, relation [See RO- 

Talent. SYN. Genius, ability, apti- 
tude, cleverness, gift, endowment, 
faculty, parts, capacity. 

ANT. Inability, stupidity, imbecility, 

Talkative [See TACITURN]. 

Tall. SYN. High, lofty, towering, ele- 
ANT. Low. 

Tally. SYN. Match, suit, accord, cor- 
respond, fit, harmonize, agree, coin- 
cide, comport. 

ANT. Piffw. disagree, disaccord, 


Tame. STN. Domesticated, reclaimed, 
tamed, subjugated, broken, gentle, 
mild, docile, meek, spiritless, tedious, 
dull, flat. 

ANT. Undomeeticated, unreclaimed, 
untamed, unbroken, savage, wild, 
fierce, spirited, animated, ferine, in- 
teresting, exciting, stirring, lively. 

Tamper. STN. Meddle, intermeddle, 
dabble, intrigue, deal secretly [See 

Tangible. STN. Palpable, tactile, 
substantial, real, substantive, per- 
ceptible, corporeal, material, com- 

ANT. Impalpable, intangible, spirit- 
ual, incorporeal, immaterial, incom- 

Taugle. STN. Intertwist, interlock, 
snarl, complicate, insnare, mat. 

ANT. Unravel, disentangle, un- 

Tantalize. STN. Disappoint, frus- 
trate, torment, vex, provoke, irritate, 
ANT. Gratify, satisfy. 

Tantamount. STN. Equal, equiva- 
lent, equipollent, synonymous. 
ANT. Unequal, unequivalent. 

Tardy STN. Slow, sluggish, dilatory, 
behindhand, backward, reluctant, 
loitering, late. 

ANT. Quick, rapid, alert, active, 
prompt, willing, eager, early. 

Tarnish. STN. Bedim, bedarken, 
dull, stain [See TAINT]. 

Tarry. STN. Rest, abide, halt, awnit, 
flag, lag. continue, remain, sojourn, 
delay, stop, stay, loiter, linger. 

ANT. Press, push, speed, haste, pro- 

Tart. STN. Sharp, acid, sour, acidu- 
lous, keen, pungent, acerbous, se- 
vere, acrimonious, biting, bitter, 
harsh, rude, irascible. 

ANT. Mellow, sweet, luscious, mild, 
genial, suave, kindly, unctuous, oily, 
smooth, bland, blandiloquent, court- 
eous, deferential, polite, ceremoni- 

Tartness. STN. Sourness, sharpness, 
harshness, bitterness, asperity, acri- 
mony, acerbity. 

ANT. Sweetness, gentleness, kind- 

266 TEA 

Task. STN. Work, function, labor, 
job, operation, business, undertaking, 
drudgery, toil, lesson. 

ANT. Relaxation, leisure, amuse- 
ment, hobby. 

Taste. STN, Gustation, savor, flavor, 
sapidity, relish, perception, judg- 
ment, discernment, nicety, critique, 
sensibility, choice, zest, predilection, 
delicacy, elegancy, refinement. 

ANT. Non-gustation, ill-savor, in- 
sipidity, disrelish, non-preception, in- 
discrimination, indiscernment, in- 
delicacy, coarseness, iuelegancy. 

Tasteful. STN. Sapid, relishing, sa- 
vory, agreeable, tasty, toothsome, 
palatable, elegant, refined. 

ANT. Insipid, unrelishing, unsa- 
vory, unpalatable, nauseous, inele- 
gant, tasteless, unrefined, vapid. 

Tasteless [See TASTEFUL]. 

Tattle. STN. Babble, gabble, chatter, 
gossip, twaddle [See BABBLE]. 

Taunt. STN. Reproach, upbraid, re- 
buke, censure, jeer, scoff, deride, 
gibe, sneer, mock, revile, twit. 
ANT. Compliment, congratulate. 

Tautology. STN. Verbo-ity. re- 
dundancy, needless repetition, pleon- 
asm, reiteration. 

ANT. Conciseness, brevity, lacon- 
ism, compression. 

Tavern. STN. Public house, hotel, 

Tawdry. STN. Showy, flashy, tinsel, 
gaudy, meretricious. 

ANT. Chaste, rich, elegant, hand- 
some, sumptuous. 

Tax. STN. Duty, rate, impost, assess- 
ment, toll, tribute [See IMOS i |. 

Teach. STN. Impart, tell, direct, in- 
struct, inform, counsel, admonish, 
educate, inculcate, enlighten, advise, 
indoctrinate, train. 

ANT. Withhold, misteach, misdi- 
rect, misinstruct, misinform, mis- 
guide, mislead. 

Teacher. STN. Instructor, school- 
master, preceptor, tutor, professor, 
pedagngun, educationist, educator, 

ANT. Pupil, scholar, disciple, learn- 

Teaching. STN. Training, edue*- 
tinii. instruction. 

TEA 3 

ANT. Learning, absorbing, receiv- 
ing knowledge. 

Tear. SYN. Rend, lacerate, shatter, 
sever, sunder. 

ANT. Mend, unite. 

Tease. SYN. Vex, harass, annoy, dis- 
turb, irritate, plague, torment, tanta- 
lize, provoke, worry, badger. 

ANT. Soothe, gratify, please, de- 
light, fascinate, enrapture. 

Tedious. SYN. Wearisome, tiresome, 
monotonous, dilatory, dreary, slug- 
gish, irksome, dull, flat, prolix. 

ANT. Interesting, exciting, stirring, 
charming, fascinating, delightful, 

Teeming. SYN. Present, prolific, 
fraught, fruitful, productive, over- 
flowing, abundant, swarming, multi- 
tudinous, numerous. 

ANT. Barren, scanty, wanting, rare, 
sparse, few. 

Tell. SYN. Mention, number, enu- 
merate, count, recount, utter, recite, 
state, narrate, disclose, publish, be- 
tray, divulge, promulgate, acquaint, 
teach, inform, explain, communicate, 
report, rehearse, discern, judge, dis- 
criminate, ascertain, decide, describe. 
ANT. Ropres=, suppress, misrecouut, 
mitnarrate, miscommuuicate, misde- 
clare, misrecite, misjudge, misde- 

Telling. SYN. Effective, powerful, 
ANT. Weak, ineffective, pointless. 

Temerity. SYN. Rashness, audacity, 
precipitancy, overventuresomeness, 
fool hardiness. 

ANT. Timidity, caution, circum- 
spection, wariness, calculation. 

Temper, n. SYN. Temperament, dis- 
position, constitution, frame, mood, 
spirit, irritability, heat, humor, pas- 

Temper, v. SYN. Modify, accom- 
modate, qualify, soften, assuage, 
soothe, adapt, restrain [See SOFTEN]. 

Temperament. SYN. Organization, 
idiosyncrasy, disposition constitu- 
tion [See TEMPER, n.]. 

Temperate. SYN. Moderate, ab- 
stemious, reasonable, sober, calm, 
cool, sedate, mild, genial. 


ANT. Immoderate, self-indulgent, 
intemperate, torrid, frigid, rigorous. 

Tempest. SYN. Blast, storm, gale, 
hurricane, tornado, squall, excite- 
ment, commotion, tumult [See BLAST]. 

Tempestuous. SYN. Stormy, boist- 
erous, violent, squally, turbulent. 

ANT. Calm, peaceful, quiet, serene, 

Temporal. SYN. Secular, worldly, 
civil, political, transient, fleeting, 
laical, terrestrial, sublunary, mun- 

ANT. Religious, spiritual, ecclesias 
tical, eternal, sacerdotal. 

Temporary. SYN. Present, imme- 
diate, partial, limited, transient, im- 

ANT. Perpetual, lasting, confirmed, 
complete, nnal, perfect, permanent, 

Temporize. SYN. Play, fence, trim, 
manoeuvre, procrastinate. 

ANT. Act, decide, determine, con- 

Tempt. SYN. Entice, allure, try, se- 
duce, attract, solicit, decoy. 
ANT. Dissuade, deter, warn. 

Tenable. SYN. Maintainable, de- 
fensible, justifiable, sound, reason- 
able, consistent. 

ANT. Untenable, indefensible, un- 
justifiable, weak, hollow, fallacious, 
unreasonable, inconsistent, irrational, 

Tenacious. SYN. Retentive, adhe' 
sive, obstinate, pertinacious, stub- 
born, jealous, chary. 

ANT. Irretentive, inadhesive, pliant, 
intenacious, yielding, liberal, prodi- 
gal, bountiful. 

Tenacity. SYN. Retentiveness, cohe- 
siveness, stubbornness, fixity, perti- 
nacity [See PEBTINACITY]. 

Tenant. SYN. Occupant, lessee, oc- 
cupier, resident, dweller. 
ANT. Owner, landlord, lessor. 

Tend. SYN. Nurture, guard, watch, 
manage, serve, keep, aid, incline, 
verge, lean, aim, contribute, conduce, 
attend [See ATTEND]. 
ANT. Betray, desert, abandon 

Tendency. SYN. Vergency, prone- 
ness, bias, gravitation, drift, scop*, 
I aim, disposition, predisposition, pro- 




cllvlty, leaning, inclination, attrac- 
tion, conduclveness, course. 

ANT. Disinclination, aversion, re- 
pulsion, contravention, deviation, di- 
vergency, tangency, divarication, 
opposition, renitency, reluctance, 
prevention, neutralization, termina- 

Tender, v. SYN. Offer, proffer, pro- 
pose, bid, produce, present. 

ANT. Withhold, withdraw, retain, 

Tender. . SYN. Dellcate,frall,impres- 
sible, suroeptible, yielding,soft,effemi- 
nate, weak, feeble, compassionate, af- 
fectionate, careful, jealous, gentle, 
mild, meek, pitiful, merciful, pathet- 

ANT. Strong, sturdy, hardy, robust, 
tough, iron, pitiless, unmerciful, 
cruel, hard-hearted, careless, liberal, 
lavish, unchary, ungentle, rough, 
rude, coarse, unsentimental, unmov- 
ing, unfeeling, unimpressive, unim- 
passioned, unimpressed. 

Tenderness. SYN. Delicacy, soft- 
ness, kindness, sensibility, pity, be- 
nevolence, humanity, clemency,benef- 
Icence, benignity [See BENEVO- 
LENCE and PmcJ. 

Tenet. SYN. Dogma, article, princi- 
ple, creed, doctrine, opinion, belief, 

ANT. Disbelief, renunciation, pro- 
test, abjuration. 

Tenor. SYN. Drift, purport, Intent, 
course, character, sense, stamp, 
meaning, effect, aim, scope, direc- 

ANT. TTnmeanlngness, purposeless- 
ness, irrelevance, discursiveness, In- 
coherence, variance, divergence. 

Tension. SYN. Stretch, strain, intent- 
ness, tightness, stiffness, force, tone, 

ANT. Looseness, relaxation, laxity, 
atony, slackness. 

Tentative. SYN. Experimental, em- 
pirical, speculative. 

ANT. Uniform, certain, sure, neces- 
Mry, unfailing. 

Term. n. SYN. Limit, boundary, con- 
dition, time, season, period, express- 
ion, designation, word, name, article, 
proviso, stipulation [8e BOUND and 


Term. v. SYN. Denominate, name, 
call, style, characterize, designate, 
entitle [See DENOMINATE], 

Terminal. SYN. Final, ultimate, 

ANT. Central, primal, preconclu- 

Terminate. SYN. Limit, end, put an 
end to. close, finish, complete, stop, 
conclude [See BOUND, v. and AC- 

Termination. SYN. Ending, con- 
clusion, fulfilment, achievement, com- 
pletion, accomplishment, consumma- 
tion, limit, extent, bound, end, final- 
ity, effect, consequence, result, issue, 

ANT. Beginning, inception, initia- 
tion, inchoation, start, origin, rise, 
source, commencement, cause, opera- 
tion, process, course, tendency. 

Terms. SYN. Provisions, conditions, 

Terrestrial. SYN. Earthly, subluna- 
ry, worldly, mundane, terrene. 

ANT. Celestial, infernal, aquatic, 

Terrible. SYN. Awful, fearful, dread- 
ful, formidable, terrific, frightful, 
tremendous, horrible, shocking. 

ANT. In formidable, unastounding, 
nnstartling, un astonish Ing. 

Terrific [See TXRKIBIJE]. 

Terrify. SYN. Frighten, scare, horri- 
fy, shock, appal [See APPAL]. 

Territory. SYN. Province, region, 
domain, country. 

Terror. SYN. Fear, dread, alarm, 
flight, consternation, horror, dis- 

ANT. Confidence, fearlessness, bold- 
ness, reassurance. 

Terse. SYN. Neat, smooth, pithy, ex- 
pressive, forcible, energetic, compact, 
concise, succinct. 

ANT. Coarse, rough, rude, unpol- 
ished, inconcise, insuccinct, prolix, 

Test. STN. Cupel, trial, examination, 
proof, criterion, standard, experi- 
ment, touchstone, experience, or- 

ANT. MUtndication, mUjudgmeut, 

T*tify. STN. Depoce, swear, declare, 


witness, protest, affirm, verify, attest, 
confirm, certify, asseverate. 

ANT. Misdeclare, misaffirm, misde- 
pose, mistestify, falsify. 
Testimonial. SYN. Credential, rec- 
ommendation, monument. 
Testimony. SYN. Witness, evidence, 
attestion, affirmation, corroboration, 
confirmation, proof. 

ANT. Refutation, contradiction, dis- 
proof, confutation, contravention, in- 

Testy. SYN. Irritable, peevish, fret- 
ful, touchy, cross, fractious, captious, 
petulant [See PEEVISH]. 
Thankful. SYN. Grateful, Indebted, 
beholden, obliged. 

ANT. Ungrateful,thankless,unthank- 

Thankfulness. SYN. Gratitude, 

ANT. Thanklessness, ingratitude. 
Thankless. SYN. Ungracious, unprof- 
itable, unthankful, profitless, unrecip- 

ANT. Profitable, reciprocated. 
Thaw. SYN. Dissolve, melt, liquefy. 

ANT. Freeze, congeal, harden. 
Theatrical. SYN. Dramatic, ecenic, 
melodramatic, ehowy, ceremonious, 
gesticulatory, pompous, meretricious, 

ANT. Chaste, genuine, simple, unaf- 
fected, quiet, subdued, mannerless, 

Theft. SYN. Robbery, thieving, steal- 
ing, pilfering, filching, larceny, dep- 
redation TSee DEPBEDATION]. 
Theme. SYN. Topic, thesis, disquisi- 
tion, subject, discourse, essay [See 

Theory. SYN. Speculation, assump- 
tion, doctrine, scheme, system, suppo- 
sition, hypothesis, plea. 

ANT. Fact, *,ruth. 

Theoretical. SYN. Speculative, hy- 
pothetical, presumptive. 

ANT. Practical, positive, definite. 
Therefore. SYN. Accordingly, con- 
sequently, hence, for this reason [See 

Thick. SYN. Dense, condensed, in 
spissated, close, compact, turbid, lu 
teous, coagulated, muddy, dull, misty 
y, vaporous, crowded, numerous 

268 THO 

solid, bulky, deep, confused, inarticn> 

ANT. Rare, fine, thin, sparse, 
strained, pure, percolated, limpid, 
crystalline, scanty, incompact, slight, 
shallow, laminated, clear, articulate, 

Thicken. SYN. Condense, inspissate, 
incrassate, compact, solidify, befoul, 
obscure, bemire, becloud, increase, 
coagulate, amalgamate, commingle, 
intermix, crowd, multiply, enlarge, 
expand, extend, broaden, deepen, ob- 
struct, confuse. 

ANT. Rarify, dissipate, refine, atten- 
uate, clear, purify, strain, percolate, 
clarify, defecate, depurate, brighten, 
lighten, open, filtrate, diminish, sep- 
arate, reduce, narrow, contract, libe- 
rate, free, extricate, unravel, disen- 
tangle, loosen. 

Thicket. SYN. Copse, grove, wood, 
jungle, forest. 

ANT. Open place, cleared place, 

Thin. SYN. Slim, slender, flimsy, at- 
tenuated, diluted, watery, meager, 
unsubstantial, lean [See THICK]. 
Think. SYN. Ponder, meditate, con- 
sider, reflect, contemplate, conceive, 
imagine, apprehend, fancy, hold, r^ 
gard, believe, deem, opine, purpose, 
judge, reckon [See CONSIDER and 

Thorough. SYN. Entire, complete, 
thorough-going, powerful, drastic, 
perfect [See COMPLETE and EN- 

Thought. SYN. Reflection, reason- 
ing, cogitation, supposition, view, sen- 
timent, meditation, conception, idea, 
opinion, judgment, conceit, fancy, de- 
sign, purpose, intention, cogitation, 
deliberation, care, provision. 

ANT. Vacuity, incogitation, thought- 
lessness, dream, hallucination, aberra- 
tion, misconception, incogitancy, 
carelessness, improvidence, unrefleo- 

Thoughtfbl. SYN. Careful, provi- 
dent, contemplative,considerate, anx- 
ious, pensive, cogitative, reflective, 
regardful, mindful, heedful, diligenv. 
ANT. Careless, improvident, un. 
thinking, thoughtless, inoontempla. 
tive, mindless, inconsiderate, regard" 


less, heedless, rash, trifling, wanton, 
Idle, dreamy. 

Thoughtless [See THOUGHTFUL]. 

Thorny. SYN. Spiny, prickly, harass- 
ing, troublesome. 

Tli raldom. SYN. Servitude, vassalage, 
slavery, bondage, confinement, serf- 

ANT. Liberty, freedom, unrestraint, 
liberation, independence. 

Thread. SYN. Line, course, tenor, 

ANT. Deviation, divergence, aberra- 
tion, solution, intermission, interrup- 

Threadbare. SYN. Hackneyed, com- 
monplace, trite, stale, worn out [See 

Threat. SYN. Menace, browbeating, 
denunciation, intimidation. 

ANT. Encouragement, allurement, 
enticement, promise. 

Threatening. SYN. Menacing, in- 
timidating, minatory, comminatory, 
minacious, foreboding, unpromising, 
imminent, impending. 

ANT. Encouraging, promising, re- 
assuring, enticing, passed, overpast, 

Thrift. SYN. Frugality, economy, sav- 
ing, gain, profit. 

ANT. Prodigality, waste, loss, ex- 

Thrifty. SYN. Prudent, careful, eco- 
nomical saving, frugal, flourishing, 
provident, sparing. 

ANT. Thriftless, unthrifty, waste- 
ful, prodigal [See FKUGAI.J. 

Thrilling. SYN. Arousing, stirring, 
exciting, affecting, pleasing. 

ANT. Calming, composing, allaying, 
offending, paining. 

Thrive. SYN. Prosper, increase, 
flourish, grow, succeed, fatten, luxu- 

ANT. Decay, lade, wane, wither, de- 
cline, waste, . languish, diminish, 
droop, pine. 

Throw SYN. Fling, cast, hurl, toss, 
project, propel. 

ANT Ketain, recal, revoke, hold, 
restrain, draw, haul. 

Thriiftt. SYN. Push, drive, force, 
Dress, shove, impel, urge. 

19 TIM 

ANT. Draw, retract, snatch, ex- 

Thwart. SYN. Oppose, cross, frus- 
trate, oppugn, defeat [See OPPOSE]. 

Tickle. SYN. Titillate, please, grati- 
fy, amuse. 
ANT. Irritate, hurt, annoy, vex. 

Tide. SYN. Flow, course, current, 
rush, inundation, influx, stream, 
movement, flood. 

ANT. Stagnation, arreetatfon, stop- 
page, cessation, motiouiessness, sub- 

Tidings. SYN. News, announcement, 
information, rumor, report, intelli- 
gence, advice. 

ANT. Suppression, non-announce- 
ment, misreport, misinformation. 

Tidy. SYN. Neat, orderly, spruce, 
clean, cleanly, tight. 
ANT. Disorderly, untidy, slovenly. 

Tie. n. SYN. Band, ligature, ligament, 
fastening, knot, bond. 

Tie. v. SYN. Bind, restrict, restrain, 
fasten, confine, unite, secure, oblige, 
join [See BIND]. 

Tight. SYN. Firm, compact, fast, 
close, tidy, neat, smart, uatty, tense, 

ANT. Loose, incompact, open, flow- 
Ing, loose-fltting, large, untidy, lax, 

Till. SYN. Plow, prepare, cultivate, 
dress, tend. 

ANT. Neglect, waste, abandon, fal- 

Time. SYN. Period, duration, season, 
interval, date, opportunity, age, era, 
occasion, term, space, span, spell. 

ANT. Neverness, eternity, non-du- 
ration, indetermination, indetermina- 

Timely. SYN. Early, seasonable, op- 
portune, prompt, judicious. 

ANT. Late, unseasonable, inoppor- 
tune, injudicious, ill-timed, untimely. 

Timeserving. SYN. Temporizing, 
versatile, servile, trimming. 

ANT. Independent, high-spirited, 
on timeserving. 

Timid. SYN. Fearful, pusillanimous, 
ar.lly. faint-hearted, inadventurous. 

ANT. Bold, confident, venturesome, 
courageous, overventuresome, ruab, 




Cincture, n. SYN. olor, slight 
taste [See TINGE, n.J. 

Tincture, r. SYN. Tinge, color, dye, 
stain, shade, impregnate [See TIFGE, 

Tinge, n. SYN. Tincture, color, tint, 
dye, stain, shade, flavor. 

Tinge, v. Color, dye, stain, imbue, 
impregnate, affect. 

ANT. Disimbue, disinfect, disindoc- 

Tinsel. SYN. Tawdriness, spangle, 
frippery, glitter. 

ANT. Costliness, richness, chaste- 
ness, gorgeousness, sumptuousness, 
magnificence, splendor. 

Tint. SYN. Color, hue, tinge, dye, 

ANT. Achromatism, decoloration, 
paleness, pallor, bleaching, etiolation, 
colorlessuess, sallowness, wanness, 
cadaverousness, exsanguineousness. 

Tiny. SYN. Puny, wee, small, little, 
diminutive, Lilliputian, microscopic. 

ANT. Huge, bulKy, gigantic, cyclo- 
pean, sizable, considerable. 

Tip. SYN. Point, extremity, end, top, 

Tipsy. SYN. Drunk, Intoxicated, 
fuddled, inebriated, muzzy. 
ANT. Sober, temperate. 

Tire. SYN. Exhaust, weary, fatigue, 
dispirit, jade, harass, bore. 

ANT. Enliven, animate, refresh, 
amuse, excite. 

Tired. SYN. Wearied, fatigued, -worn 
out, jaded. 
ANT. Rested, refreshed, unwearied. 

Tireless. SYN. Unwearied, untiring, 
indefatigable [See TIBE and TIBED]. 

Tiresome. SYN. Fatiguing, weari- 
some, exhausting, irksome, tedious 

Title. SYN. Inscription, heading, de- 
nomination, style, designation, ap- 
pellation, distinction, address, epi- 
thet, name. 

ANT. Non-designation, indistinc- 
tion, nondescript, namelessness, inde 

Tittle. SYN. Jot, particle, iota, whit, 
scintilla, spark, grain, atom [See 
ATOM and IOTA], 

Together. SYN. Unitedly, conjointly, 
eutemporaueously, concertedly, 

simultaneously, coincidently, eon 
comitantly, concurrently. 

ANT. Separately, disconnectedly, 
independently, variously, incoinci- 
dently, inconcurrently. 

Toll. n. SYN. Labor, pain, fatigue, 
drudgery, work, exertion, task, trav- 

ANT. Ease, relaxation, rest, recrea- 
tion, amusement, pleasure. 

Toll. v. SYN. Labor, work, drudge, 
strive [See DBUDGE]. 

Toilsome. SYN. Wearisome, tire- 
some, laborious, fatiguing, hard, dif- 
ficult, painful [See DIFFICULT and 

Token. SYN. Evidence, exhibition, 
demonstration, sample, illustration, 
memorial, symbol, indication, badge, 
index, symptom, diagnosis, sign. 

ANT. Misindication, misrepresen- 
tation, falsification, misillustration. 

Tolerable. SYN. Endurable, beara- 
ble, supportable, sufferable, allow- 
able, permissible, sufficient, passable. 
ANT. Unendurable, unbearable, in- 
supportable, insufferable, unallow- 
able, impermissible, insufficient, in- 

Tolerant. SYN. Forbearing, indul- 
gent, large-minded. 
ANT. Intolerant, bigoted, extreme. 

Tolerate. SYN. Suffer, allow, permit, 
admit, bear, endure. 

ANT. Bepel, disallow, prohibit, re- 
pudiate, reject, resist. 

Toll. SYN. Impost, tax, rate, duty, as- 
sessment, contribution, tribute, de- 
mand, exaction [See IMPOST]. 

Tomb. SYN. Grave, vault, catacomb, 
sepulcher, crypt, house of death, 
narrow house, long home. 

Tone. SYN. Pitch, loudness, mood, 
intonation, sound, temper, tenor, 
character, drift, effect. 
ANT. Atony, laxity, tuuelessness. 

Tongue. SYN. Discourse, speech, 
language, dialect, idiom [See LAN- 


Tool. SYN. Utensil, implement, ma- 
chine, instrument, dupe, cat's-paw, 
hireling [See IMPLEMENT and AGENT]. 

Top. SYN. Apex, head, culmination, 
extreme, summit. 
ANT. Foot, bottom, root, base tail. 

Topic. SYN. Question, theme, sub- 




ject, subject-matter [See THEME and 

Torment. SYN. Tease, worry, perse- 
cute, rack, plague, tantalize, palu, dis- 
tress, afflict, torture, harass, impor- 

ANT. Soothe, gratify, please, enter- 
tain, delight, amuse. 

Torpid. SYN. Numb, lifeless, sense- 
less, dull, sluggish, inactive, hibernat- 
ing, insensible, inert. 

ANT. Lively, animated, gay, brisk, 
nimble, active, restless, energetic, 
vivacious, sensitive, alive. 

Torrid. SYN. Hot, burning, arid, 
heated, parching, scorching, sultry. 

ANT. Temperate, fresh, cool, 
breezy, gelid, frigid, arctic, brumal, 

Tortuous. SYN. Devious, circuitous, 
anfractuous, ambiguous, complicated, 
sinuous, deceitful, crooked, twisting, 
indirect, sinister, indexed. 

ANT. Right, straight, direct, rec- 
tilinear, straightforward, uudeviating. 

Torture. SYN. Agony, anguish, rack- 
ing, torment. 
ANT. Ecstasy, rapture, bliss. 

TOMS. SYN. Pitch, cast, hurl, shake, 
roll, rock, buffet [See CAST]. 

Total, a. SYN. Whole, entire, com- 
plete, undivided, gross [See WHOLE]. 

Total, n. SYN. Aggregate, whole, en- 
tirety, sum, completion. 

ANT. Part, item, portion, contribu- 

Totally. SYN. Entirely, wholly, fully, 
quite, altogether 
ANT. Partially, incompletely. 

Totter. SYN. Stagger, reel, shake, 
tremble, rock, falter [See TREMBLE |. 

Tottering. SYM. Nodding, faltering, 
shaky, vacillating, reeling, ruinous. 

ANT. Firm, unfaltering, steady, 
solid, immovable. 

Touch, v. SYN. Handle, reach, feel, 
arrive at, affect, impress, move [See 

Touching. SYN. Affecting, tender, 
moving, pathetic [See PATHETIC]. 

T 'i ;ehy. SYN. Testy, peevish, Irri- 
table [ See PEEVISH]. 

Tough. SYN. Resistent, stubborn, 
lentous, fibrous, difficult, refractory, 
hard, unmanageable, tenacious, firm, 

ANT. Yielding, tender, soft, brittle, 
fragile, frangible, friable. 

Tour. SYN. Trip, excursion, jaunt, 
ramble, turn, outing. 

Tow. SYN. Drag, draw, pull, haul 
[See PULL]. 

Toy. v. Play, fondle, caress, sport, 
frolic, dally, trifle [See DALLY]. 

Toy. n. SYN. Bauble, trifle, bagatelle, 
gewgaw, plaything. 
ANT. Implement, utensil, weapon. 

Trace. SYN. Explore, track, follow, 
derive, deduce, thread, investigate, 
delineate, pursue. 

ANT. Miss, lose, misinvestigate, 

Track, v. [See TRACE J. 

Track, n. SYN. Mark, footprint, 
trace, course, trail, way, vestige [See 

Trackless*. SYN. Untrodden, unfre- 
quented, pathless, wild. 

ANT. Frequented, trodden, well- 

Tract. SYN. District, quarter, region, 
piece, patch. 

Tractable. SYN. Docile, manage- 
able, amenable. 

ANT. Unmanageable, unamenable, 
refractory, intractable. 

Trade, n. SYN. Traffic, commerce, 
dealing, exchange, buying and selling, 
employment, occupation [See COM- 

Traditional. SYN. Transmitted, 
oral, unwritten. 
ANT. Written, documentary. 

Traduce. SYN. Malign, asperse, 
calumniate, vilify, defame, slander, 
ANT. Praise, commend, eulogize. 

Traffic. SYN. Commerce, exchange, 
intercourse [See TRADE]. 

Tragedy. SYN. Disaster, calamity, 
affliction, adversity, catastrophe, 

ANT. Joy, delight, boon, prosperi- 
ty, comedy. 

Tragic. SYN. Mournful, fatal, calam- 
itous, sorrowful, shocking [See CA- 

Train, v. SYN. Lead, rear, accustom, 
habituate, inure, drill, exercise, pruo- 
Use, discipline, Instruct, bend, *k> 




ANT. Force, break, trail, disaccus- 
tom, dishabituate, miseducate, die- 

Train, n. SYN. Suite, procession, 
retinue, cortege, course, series [See 

Trait. SYN. Feature, characteristic, 
touch, stroke, line [See FEATURE]. 

Traitor. SYN. Kebel, renegade, be- 
trayer, turncoat [See RENEGADE]. 

Traitorous. SYN. Treacherous, 
false, faithless, perfidious, treason- 
able, disloyal [See LOYAI. and PER- 

Trammel. SYN. Restraint, shackles, 
fetters, impediment, clog, hindrance. 
ANT. Liberation, freedom, extrica- 
tion, unconfinement, unrestraint, 

Tranquil. SYN. Quiet, peaceful, 
calm, still, undisturbred, unruffled, 
composed, unaiixious, smooth. 

ANT. Unquiet, agitated, disturbed, 
anxious, excited, restless, uneasy. 

Tranquillize. SYN. Calm, quiet, 
appease, pacify, allay, assuage, 
soothe [See SOOTHE]. 

Transact. SYN. Conduct, perform, 
treat, complete, carry on, manage, 

ANT. Mistransact, misconduct, mis- 
manage, misnegotiate. 

Transaction. SYN. Business, affair, 
negotiation, occurrence,performance, 
proceeding, action. 

ANT. Non-performance, desistance, 
mistransaction, mismanagement, sus- 
pension, postponement, adjournment, 
non-transaction . 

Transcend. SYN. Surmount, sur- 
pass, out-top, outstrip, excel, exceed, 
ANT. Fail, fall, foil. 

Transcendent. SYN. Consummate, 
egregious, superior, unexampled, in- 
eurpassable, unattainable, surpas-siiig, 
supreme, matchless, unrivalled, peer- 
lews, incomparable, supereminent. 

ANT. Ordinary, attainable, average, 
common, unsurprising. 

Transcribe. SYN. Copy, transfer. 

Transfer. SYN. Convey, transport, 
remove, sell, assign, remand, make 
over, transplant, give, alienate, trans- 
late, transmit, forward, exchange. 

ANT. Ketain, withhold, fix, appro 
priate, keep. 

Transfigure [See TRANSFORM]. 
Transform. SYN. Transfigure, meta- 
morphose, change, transmute. 

ANT. Stabilitate, arrest, perpetu- 
ate, conserve. 

Transgress. SYN. Break, violate, 
pass, disobey, contravene, sin, offend, 
infringe, trespass. 

ANT. Observe, keep, obey, fulfil, re- 
Transgression. SYN. Offence, 

fault, sin, crime [See OFFENCE], 
Transgressor. SYN. Offender, 
wrong-doer, sinner, culprit [See Cui^ 

Transient. SYN. Fleeting, fugitive, 
transitory, temporary, passing, eva- 
nescent, ephemeral, momentary, 

ANT. Abiding, permanent, perpetu- 
al, persistent, lasting, enduring. 
Translate. SYN. Construe, render, 
interpret, transfer, transform [Sea 
Transmit [See TRANSFER]. 
Transmute [See TRANSFORM]. 
Transparent. SYN. Pellucid, crys- 
talline, translucent, limpid, diapha- 
nous, obvious, clear, indisputable, 

ANT. Thick, turbid, opaque, in- 
transparent, mysterious, dubious, 

Transpire. SYN. Escape, appear, 

ANT. Lurk, latitate, lie. 
Transport, v. SYN. Bear, carry, con- 
vey, banish, enrapture, delight, rav- 
ish [See ENRAPTURE and. TRANS- 

Transport, n. SYN. Ecstasy, rap- 
ture, enravishment, bliss. 

ANT. Agony, paroxysm, mortifica- 
tion, distress, auuoyauot, vexauu.... 
Transpose. SYN. Change, trans- 
mute, interchange, reverse, shift, 
transfer, displace. 

ANT. Stereotype, stabilitate, fix, re- 

Transverse. SYN. Athwart, cross- 
wise, across, rectangular. 

ANT. Parallel, rectilinear. 
Trap. SYN. Snare, ambush, stratagem, 
noose, pitfall. 

TKA 273 


ANT. Warning, beacon, signal-post, 
lighthouse, premonition. 

Trapping;, Trappings. SYN. 
Gear, adornments, decorations, orna- 
ments, apparatus, paraphernalia, 
tackle, harness, housings. 

ANT. Divestment, dismantlement, 

Trash. SYN. Nonsense, refuse, vile- 
ness, superfluity, offal, worthlessness, 
dross, trifles, stuff, waste matter, sea- 
weed, sawdust, twaddle. 

ANT. Sense, soundness, usefulness, 
wisdom, treasure. 

Travail. SYN. Labor, toil, heaviness, 
ANT. Ease, rest, lightness, joy. 

Travel. SYN. Journey, wandering, 
migration, rustication, pilgrimage, 
excursion, tramp, expedition, trip, 
ramble, voyage, tour, peregrination. 

ANT. Best, settlement, domestica- 

Traveler. SYN. Tourist, passenger, 
voyager, itinerant, wayfarer. 

Traverse. SYN. Cross, thwart, ob- 
struct, survey, explore. 

ANT. Pass, omit, sanction, permit, 
overlook, disregard, elude, avoid, pre- 

Travesty. SYN. Burlesque, parody, 
disguise, caricature, misrepresenta- 
tion, misportraiture. 

ANT. Representation, reproduction, 
portraiture, copy, exhibition, recast. 

Treacherous [See TRAITOROUS]. 

Treachery. SYN. Insidiousness, 
faithlessness, perjury, betrayal, frac- 
tiousness, treason. 

ANT. Openness, fidelity, honor, 
chivalry, generosity. 

Treason [See TREACHERY], 

Treasure, n. SYN. Jewel, store, val- 
uable, cash, bullion, accumulation, 
abundance, stock, wealth, riches, 
hoard, gem, paragon, model. 

ANT. Trash, offal, refuse, scum, 
dregs, dirt. 

Treasure, r. SYN. Hoard, accumu- 
late, save, value, enshrine, idolize. 

ANT. Scatter, squander, dissipate, 
disregard, disesteem, prostitute, 
waste, betray. 

Treat. SYN. Handle, manage, use, 
bargain, discuss, entertain, discourse, 
write, speak, negotiate. 


ANT. Drop, waive, abandon, decline, 
suppress, mismanage, misuse, mis- 
treat, maltreat, misconduct, miscon- 
pider, misarrange, trifle. 

Treatise. SYN. Tract, essay, paper, 
pamphlet, disquisition, brochure, dis- 
sertation, tractate, monograph, arti- 

ANT. Jottings, notes, adversaria, 
memoranda, effusion, ephemera. 

Treaty. SYN. Contract, agreement, 
league, covenant, alliance, negotia- 
tion, convention. 

ANT. Neutrality, non-interference, 
non-alliance, non-agreement, non-con- 

Treble. SYN. Sharp, acute, highest 
ANT. Base, low, deepest. 

Tremble. SYN. Shake, quake, quiver, 
totter, shiver, shudder, vibrate, jar. 

ANT. Stand, steady, settle, still, 

Tremendous. SYN. Terrible, dread- 
ful, awful, fearful, appalling. 

ANT. Unimposing, unappalling, in- 

Tremulous. SYN. Vibratory, shiver- 
ing, shaking, trembling, jarring, 

ANT. Equable, motionless, smooth, 
invibratory, vibrationless. 

Trench, n. SYN. Moat, ditch, drain, 

Trench, v. SYN. Trespass, infringe, 
encroach [See INFRINGE]. 

Trenchant. SYN. Sharp, cutting, 
severe, sarcastic, unsparing, incisive 
["See SHABP]. 

Trend. SYN. Deviate, diverge, tend, 
bend, curve, incline, bear. 
ANT. Continue, proceed, advance. 

Trepidation. SYN. Terror, trem- 
bling, excitement, alarm, fright, pe- 
turbation,tremor, hurry, emotion, dis. 
turbance, agitation, panic, demoral- 

ANT. Immobility, firmness, bold, 
ness, steadfastness, courage, conn. 
dence, self-command. 

Trespass, r. [See TRANSGRESS]. 

Trespass, n. SYN. Infringement, viola- 
tion, transgression, encroachment, 
damage [See DAMAGE and TRANS- 

Trial. SYN. Test, gauge, experiment. 




temptation, trouble, affliction, grief, 
burden, suffering, attempt, endeavor, 
proof, essay, criterion, ordeal, tribu- 
lation, verification. 

ANT. Non-trial, non-probation, mis- 
measurement, miscalculation, mises- 
timate, trifle, triviality, alleviation, 
relief, disburdenment, refreshment, 
non-attempt, pretermission, over- 
eight, disregard, non-verification. 

Tribulation. SYH. Trouble, distress, 
woe, sorrow, persecution, suffering, 
affliction, anguish. 

AST. Joy, rejoicing, gladness, rest, 

Tribunal. SYN. Judgment seat, 
court of justice, bench, bar, court. 

Tributary. SYN. Subject, subor- 
dinate, inferior, dependent, acces- 
sory, auxiliary. 

ANT. Independent, unsubdued, un- 
conquered, unreduced. 

Tribute. STN. Tax, impost, subsidy, 
duty, charge, customs, offering, con- 
tribution, acknowledgment. 

Trice. SYN. Twinkling, flash, instant. 

Trick. SYN. Artifice, contrivance, 
machination, guile, stratagem, wile, 
fraud, cheat, juggle, antic, vagary, 
finesse, sleight, deception, imposition, 
delusion, legerdemain. 

ANT. Blunder, exposure, bungling, 
mishap, botch, fumbling, inexpert- 
ness, maladroitness, genuineness, 
epenbandedness, artlessness, 

Trickery. SYN. Deception, fraud, 
artifice, chicanery, knavery [See AR- 

Trickle. SYN. Drip, drop, dribble, 
ooze, percolate, distil. 

ANT. Flow, rush, stream, pour, 
gush, burst. 

Trifle, n. SYN. Bauble, bagatelle, toy, 
straw, nothing, triviality, levity, joke, 
cipher, bubble, gewgaw, kickshaw, 

ANT. Treasure, portent, phenom- 
enon, crisis, conjuncture, importance, 
urgency, weight, necessity, serious- 

Trifle. . SYN. Toy, play, dally, 
wanton, quibble, fribble. 

ANT. Treat, cope, tackle, grapple, 

Trifling. SYN. Trivial, slight, petty, 

frivolous, unimportant, inconsidera- 
ble, worthless [See TRIVIAL.]. 

Trim. SYN. Prepare, order, deck, ad- 
just, clip, embellish, arrange. 

ANT. Disorder, derange, dismantle, 
denude, divest, disarrange. 

Trip. SYN. Bound, skip, taunt, fail, 
stumble, mistake, offend, err, fall. 

ANT. Stand, succeed, speed, pros- 

Trite. SYN. Worn, hackneyed, stale, 
threadbare, commonplace, obvious, 
familiar, trivial. 

ANT. Original, novel, startling, in- 

Triumph. SYN. Victory, success, 
ovation, achievement, conquest, ex- 
ultation, trophy. 

ANT. Defeat, discomfiture, failure, 
nnsuccess, abortion, baffling, disap- 

Triumphant. SYN. Victorious, suc- 
cessful, rejoicing, exultant, elated, 

ANT. Unvictorious, baffled, humil- 
iated, unsuccessful, discomfited, beat- 
en, worsted. 

Trivial. SYN. Trifling, trite, common, 
unimportant, useless, nugatory, paltry, 

ANT. Important, weighty, critical, 
original, novel. 

Troop. SYN. Crowd, assemblage, 
multitude, herd, collection, band, 
company, gang, horde, throng. 
ANT. Paucity, selection, bevy, elite. 

Trophy. SYN. War-spoil, acquisition, 
laurels, palm, bays, wreaih, prize, 
medal, feather. 

ANT. Brand, stigma, tarnish, stain, 

Trouble, v. SYN. Disturb, vex, agi- 
tate, confuse, perplex, distress, an- 
noy, harass, tease, molest, grieve, 
mortify, oppress. 

ANT. Compose, calm, allay, ap- 
pease, pleaee, soothe, delight, gratify, 
recreate, entertain, relieve, refresh. 

Trouble, n. SYN. Affliction, disturb- 
ance, annoyance, perplexity, molesta- 
tion, vexation, inconvenience, calam- 
ity, distress, uneasiness, tribulation, 
disaster, torment, misfortune, ad- 
versity, anxiety, embarrassment, sor- 
row, misery, grief, depression, diffi- 
culty, labor, toil, effort. 


AWT. Alleviation, composure, pleas- 
ore, appeasement, delight, assuage- 
ment, happiness, gratification, boon, 
blessing, exultation, joy, gladness, 
ease, facility, luck, recreation, amuse- 
ment, carelessness, indifference, in- 
dolence, inertia, indulgence. 

Troublesome. STN. Tiresome, irk- 
some, difficult, tedious, arduous, la- 
borious, grievous, importunate, vexa- 

ANT. Easy, pleasant, amusing, fa- 
cile, light, unlaborious, untrouble- 

Troublous. STN. Afflictive, agitat- 
ed, tumultuous, trying. 

ANT. Soothing, healing, calming, 

Truant. STN. Vagabond, loitering, 
idling, shirking, vagrant, loose, apos- 
tate, renegade. 

ANT. Sedulous, domestic, Industri- 
ous, diligent, loyal, adherent, faith- 
ful, attached. 

Truck, v. STN. Barter, deal, traffic, 
exchange [See DEAL], 

Truckle. STN. Cringe, stoop, crouch, 
bend the knee, yield, submit servilely, 
[See CRINGE]. 

Truculent. STN. Fierce, savage, 
ruthless, destructive, barbarous, 
cruel, bloodthirsty. 
ANT. Mild, inoffensive, gentle. 

True. a,. STN. Veritable, veracious, 
ex. ict, precis.;, accurate, faithful, ac- 
tual, loyal, genuine, pure, real. 

ANT. Fictitious, unreliable, unhis- 
torical, untrustworthy, inveraclous, 
false, inaccurate, unfaithful, faith- 
less, fickle, treacherous, erroneous, 
spurious, perfidious, counterfeit, 

Truism. SYN. Commonplace, plati- 

ANT. Discovery, originality, para- 

Truly. STN. Really, actually, verily, 
sincerely, truthfully, surely, in truth, 

Trumpery. STN. Trash, tinsel, non- 
sense, tawdriness, trifles, rubbish. 

ANT. Treasure, valuables, sense, 
wisdom, truth. 

Trunk. STN. Stem, stock, body, 

Tract* . STN. Confide, rely, credit, 

275 TTTM 

believe, charge, deposit, entrust, re- 
pose, hope. 

ANT. Distrust, suspect, discredit, 
doubt, disbelieve, resume, withdraw, 

Trust, n. STN. Faith, confidence, re- 
liance, belief, hope, expectation, 
credit, duty, commission, charge 

Trusty. STN. Faithful, honest, firm, 
reliable, strong [See FAITHFUL,]. 

Trust worthy. STN. Faithful, trusty, 
honest, strong, firm, reliable [Se 

Truth. Si'N. Veracity, verity, fact, 
fidelity, faithfulness, exactness, accu- 
racy, precision [See VERITY]. 

Truthful. SIN. Sincere, veracious, 
correct, accurate [See VERACIOUS], 

Truthless [See VERACIOUS], 

Try. STN. Attempt, endeavor, strive, 
aim, examine, test, sound, gauge, 
probe, fathom. 

ANT. Ignore, pretermit, reject, 
abandon, discard, misexamlne, misin- 

Tuft. STN. Bunch, cluster, knot, 

Tug. v. STN. Pull, drag, haul, draw 
[See PULL]. 

Tuition. STN. Teaching, training, 
discipline, schooling [See DISCI- 

Tumble. STN. Fall, topple, precipi- 
tate, derange, rumple [See FALL and 

Tumid. STN. Swollen, distended, pro- 
tuberant, inflated, turgid, bombastic, 
pompous, high-flown, stilted, grandil- 

ANT. Smooth, flat, level, plane, 
equable, uninflated, subdued. 

Tumult. STN. Uproar, ferment, dis- 
turbance, turbulence, mutiny, insub- 
ordination, excitement, outbreak, 
fray, bustle, distraction, turmoil, dis- 
order, confusion, noise, bluster, brawl, 

ANT. Peace, pacification, subsidence, 
quiet, tranquillity, order, orderli- 

Tumultuous. STN. Disorderly, dis- 
turbed, confused, turbulent, agitate^, 
seditious, lawless, riotous, unruly 


Tune. SYN. Strain, melody, air. 

Tuueiul. Srs. Musical, melodious, 
harmonious [See MUSICAL]. 

Turbid. SYN. Foul, thick, muddy, 
impure, unsettled, disordered, roiled. 
ANT. Clear, limpid, crystalline. 

Turbulence [See TUMULT]. 

Turbulent [See TUMULTUOUS]. 

Turgid [See TUMID]. 

Turmoil [See TUMULT]. 

Turn. . SYN. Round, shape, mold, 
adapt, spin, reverse, deflect, alter, 
transform, convert, metamorphose, 
revolve, rotate, hinge, depend, devi- 
ate, incline, diverge, decline, change. 
ANT. Misshape, misadapt, perpet- 
uate, stabilitate, stereotype, nx, ar- 
rest, continue, proceed. 

Turn. n. SYN. Revolution, rotation, re- 
currence, change, alteration, vicissi- 
tude, winding, bend, deflection, curve, 
alternation, opportunity, occasion, 
time, deed, office, act, treatment, pur- 
pose, requirement, convenience, tal- 
ent, gift, tendency, character, exi- 
gence, crisis, form, cast, shape, man- 
ner, mold, fashion, cut. 

ANT. Stability, fixity, immobility, 
stationariness. unchangeableness, uni- 
formity, rectilinearity, indeflection, 
continuity,un timeliness, incognizance, 
oversight, independence, non-require- 
ment, malformation, ehapelessness. 

Turncoat. SYN. Trimmer, deserter, 
renegade [See RENEGADE]. 

Turpitude. STN. Baseness, vileness, 
depravity, badness, wickedness, dis- 

ANT. Goodness, nobility, commend- 
ableness. excellence. 

Tutelage. STN. Protection, guardian- 
ship, minority, training, pupilage. 

ANT. Majority, non-tutelage, inde- 
pendence, discretion. 

Tutor. SYN. Guardian, governor, in- 
structor, teacher, preceptor, profes- 
sor, master, savant. 

ANT. Ward, pupil, scholar, student, 
disciple, learner, tyro. 

Twaddle. SYN. Balderdash, tattle, 
nonsense, rigmarole [See TRASH]. 

Twig. SYN. Sprig, spray, shoot, 

Twine. SYN. Twist, wind, embrace, 

278 UBI 

entwine, wreath, bind, unite, braid, 
bend, meander. 

AXT. Untwist, unwind, separate, dis- 
unite, detach, unwreath, unravel, dia- 
eutwine, continue, straighten. 

Twirl. SYN. Revolve, whirl, turn 
round [See REVOLVE]. 

Twist. SYN. Contort, convolve, com- 
plicate, pervert, distort, wrest,wreath, 
wind, encircle, form, weave, insinu- 
ate, unite, interpenetrate. 

AST. Straighten, untwist, rectify, 
verify, represent, reflect, render, pre- 
serve. express, substantiate, unwreath, 
unwind, detach, disengage, separate, 
disunite, disentangle, disincorporate 

Twit. SYN. Taunt, gibe, reproach, 
upbraid, jeer, scoff f See JEER]. 

Type. SYN. Mark, stamp, emblem, 
kind, character, sign, symbol,pattern, 
archetype, form, model, idea, image, 
likeness, expression, cast, mold, fash 

ANT. Non-description, non-classifi- 
cation, inexpression, misrepresenta- 
tion, misindication, falsification, ab- 
normity, deviation, caricature, mon- 

Typify. SYN. Prefigure, adumbrate, 
predelineate, prerepresent, foreshow, 
predemonstrate, foreshadow. 
ANT. Verify, fulfill, realize. 

Tyrannical. SYN. Arbitrary, des- 
potic, cruel, severe, high-handed 

Tyranny. SYN. Despotism, inclemen- 
cy, persecution, autocracy. 

AST. Freedom, independence, hu- 
manity, clemency, constitutionalism. 

Tyrant. SYN. Despot, persecutor, op- 
pressor [See DESPOT]. 

Tyro. SYN. Beginner, novice, neo- 

ANT. Professor, adept, expert, mas- 


(For the words compounded of the 
negative prefix Un reference may be 
made to the words themselves ; as, for 
Unbelief See Belief; for Unfair See 


UBIQUITY. SYN. Omnipresence, 


all-pervasiveness, boundlessness. 

ANT. Nullibiety, localization, limi- 

Ugly. SYN. Loathsome, hideous, hate- 
ful, frightful, uncouth, ill-favored, un- 
sightly, ill-looking, plain, bomely, de- 
formed, monstrous, ungainly. 

ANT. Attractive, fair, seemly, shape- 
ly, beautiful, handsome. 

Ulterior. STN. Further, remote, 
more distant, remoter, succeeding, 

ANT. Immediate, present, prior, 

Ultimate. SYN. Last, final, extreme, 
conclusive, remotest, farthest. 

ANT. Prior,intermediate,proximate, 

Umbrage. STN. Offence, dissatisfac- 
tion, resentment, jealousy, displeas- 

ANT. Complacency, satisfaction, 

Umpire. STN. Judge, referee, arbi- 
ter, arbitrator. 
ANT. Litigant, disputant. 

Unaccountable. STN. Strange, in- 
explicable [See STBANGE]. 

Unadvised. STN. Indiscreet, impru- 
dent, thoughtless, inconsiderate, rash 

Unaffected. STN. TJnraoved, nnshak- 

. en, simple, sincere, natural, real [See 

Unalterable. [See MUTABLE and 

Unanimity. STN. Accord, concord, 
unity, agreement, consent, consensus. 
ANT. Variance, discord, disagree- 
ment, dissent, disseutience. 

Unaiiimoiiw. SYN. Of one mind, 
agreeing, like-minded. 
ANT. Discordant, disagreeing. 

Unanswerable. SYN. Unquestion- 
able, indisputable, undeniable, incon- 
trovertible [See CONTBOVEBTIBLE 


Unavoidable. SYN. Necessary, cer- 
tain [See INEVITABLE]. 

Unbecoming I s<v BECOMING]. 

Unbelief [See BELIEF]. 

Unbeliever [See INFIDEL]. 

Unbind. SYN. Set free [See BTKD]. 

Unblemished. SYN. Pure, spotless, 
nncpotted, unsullied [See 1'uur.J. 

277 XJND 

Unbounded. STY. Boundless, ex- 
cessive, unsparing, unstinted, inter- 
minable [See BOUNDLESS). 

Unbridled. STN. Wanton, licentious, 
dissolute, loose, lax [See LICEN- 

Unceasing. STN. Endless, continual, 
continuous, perpetual, incessaut,ever- 
lasting, eternal [ See ENDLESS]. 

Uncertain. SYN. Doubtful, dubious, 
questionable* fitful, equivocal, ambig- 
uous, indistinct, variable, fluctuating 

Uncertainty [See CERTAINTY]. 

Unchangeable [See MUTABLE and 

Uncivil. SYN. Rude, discourteous, 
disrespectful, disobliging [See CIV- 

Unclean. SYN. Dirty, foul, filthy, sul- 
lied [See CLEAN, a.]. 

Uncommon. SYN. Rare, strange, 
scarce, singular, choice, unique, un- 
usual [See COMMON]. 

Unconcerned. SYN. Careless, In- 
different, apathetic [See THOUGHT- 

Uncouth. SYN. Odd, unseemly, awk. 
ward, boorish, clumsy, clownish, un- 
graceful, strange, underbred, un- 

ANT. Quaint, neat, polite, trim, 
modish, fashionable, graceful, courtly, 
well-mannered, refined, polished, 

Uncover. SYN. Reveal, strip, expose, 
lay bare, divest, unveil, reveal [See 

Unction. SYN. Life, spirit, force, an- 
imation, fervor, power. 

ANT. Flatness, lameness, weakness, 
Inanimateness, coldness, perfunetori- 
ness, lifelessness, diluteduess, vapid- 

Unctuous. SYN. Oily, smooth, fawn- 
ing, flattering, fulsome, sycophantic, 

AMI. Abrupt, unmannerly, uncom- 
plimentary, sarcastic, cynical, blunt. 

Undecided. STN. Wavering, hesita- 
ting, irresolute, undetermined [Se 

Undeniable. SYN. Incontestable, In- 
disputable, unquestionable, incontro- 
vertible [See CONTBOVKBXLBJLK and 




Under. STN. Below, underneath, be- 
neath, subordinate, lower, inferior 

Underestimate. STN. Underrate, 
undervalue, disparage. 

ANT. Overrate, overvalue, exagger- 

Undergo. STN. Bear, rafter, endure, 
sustain, experience [See BEAU and 

Underhand. SYN. Clandestine, fur- 
tive, dishonest, unfair, fraudulent, 

ANT. Openhanded, straightforward, 
fair, honest, undisguised. 

Underling. STN. Menial, subordi- 
ANT. Master, superior. 

Undermine. SYN. Sap, subvert, 
counteract, baffle, thwart. 

ANT. Prop, support, countenance, 
promote, aid, corrobora'e. 

Underrate [See UNDERESTIMATE]. 

Understand. STN. Apprehend, com- 
prehend, know, perceive, discern, 
conceive, learn, recognize, Interpret, 

ANT. Misapprehend, miscompre- 
hend, ignore, misinterpret, declare, 
state, enunciate, express. 

Understanding. STN. Knowledge, 
discernment, interpretation, con- 
struction, agreement, intellect, intel- 
ligence, mind, sense, conception, rea- 
son, brains. 

ANT. Ignorance, misapprehension, 
misunderstanding, misinterpretation, 
misconstruction, mindlessness, irra- 

Undertake. STN. Engage, attempt, 
enter upon, agree, set about, embark 
in, stipulate, project, commence, 

ANT. Decline, abandon, drop, dis- 
continue, desist. 

Undertaking. STN. Enterprise, ad- 
venture, attempt, effort, project, 
business [See ADVENTURE and BUSI- 

Undervalue [See VALUE]. 

Undisturbed. STN. Quiet, still, tran- 
quil, placid, peaceful [See TRANQUIL]. 

Undo. STN. Annul, frustrate, untie, 
unfasten, destroy [See ANNUL]. 

Undulation. STN. Wave, vibration, 
wwlling, oscillation, bill. 

ANT. Standing, arrestation, res^ 
flattening, table-land, plain. 

Uneasy. STN. Restless, disturbed, un. 
quiet, stiff, awkward [See EAST]. 

Uneducated. SYN. Ignorant, uncul- 
tivated [See LEARNED]. 

Unequal. STN. Uneven, not alike, ir- 
regular, insufficient, inadequate, ill- 
matched [See EQUAL]. 

Unequalled. STN. Matchless, 
unique, unparalleled, novel, new, un- 
heard of [See MATCHLESS]. 

Unerring. STN. Infallible, sure [See 

Unexpected. STN. Unforeseen, un- 
locked for, sudden. 

ANT. Expected, provided for, fore- 

Unfair. STN. Wrongful, dishonest, 
unjust, disingenuous, trickish [See 

In faithful. STN. Disloyal, Incon- 
stant, treacherous [See FAITHFUL]. 

Unfavorable [See FAVORABLE]. 

Unfeeling. STN. Insensible, cruel, 
hard-hearted, callous [See HARD]. 

Unfeigned. STN. Clear, undisguis- 
ed, veracious, sincere [See SIN- 

Unfit, o. STN. Improper., unsuitable, 
incousistent, untimely, incompetent 
[See TIT]. 

Unfit, v. Disable, incapacitate, dis- 
qualify, render unfit [See QUAIOFT]. 

Unfitiiess. STN. luaptness, inapti- 
tude, incapacity, iucompetency, dis- 
qualification [See QUALIFICATION]. 

Unfold. STN. Unravel, disclose, un- 
bosom, divulge, display, spread out, 
expand, reveal, develop, explain, de- 
clare [See EXPAND and REVEAL]. 

Unforgiving. STN. Implacable, vin- 
dictive, relentless [See RELENTLESS 

Unfortunate. STN. Calamitous, Ill- 
fated, unlucky, wretched, unhappy, 
miserable [.See HAPPY]. 

Unfounded. SYN. False, groundless, 
baseless, vain, idle [See FALSE and 

Unfrequented. STN. Unvisited, un- 
inhabited, lone, solitary, deserted. 
ANT. Frequented. 

Unfriendly. STN. Inhospitable, oa> 

jenial, unkind, disobliging fSee 

Unfruitful [See FRUITFUL]. 

Ungainly. 8 vs. Clumsy, awkwnrd, 
lumbering, uncouth [See UNCOUTH J. 

Ungovernable. SYN. Unrmly, un- 
manageable, refractory, disobedient, 
lawless [See LAWLESS and REFRAC- 

Ungraceful. SYN. Awkward, Inele- 
gant [See UNOAINLYJ. 

Ungrateful. SYN. Thankless, un- 
thankful [See GRATEFUL]. 

Unhandy. SYN. Awkward, clumsy, 
uncouth [See AWKWARD]. 

Unhappiiien*. SYN. Misery.wretch- 
edness, distress, woe [See Buss]. 

Unhappy. SYN. Miserable, wretch- 
ed, distressed, afflicted, painful, 
disastrous, drear, dismal [See HAP- 

Unhealthy ["See HEALTHY]. 

Uniform. SYN. Unvarying, invari- 
able, conformable, homogeneous, con- 
sistent, equal, even, alike, unvaried, 
regular, symmetrical, equable. 

ANT. Varying, variable, inconform- 
able, incongruous, diverse, heteroge- 
neous, inconsistent, irregular, unsym- 
metrical, multifarious, multigenous, 
polymorphic, bizarre, eccentric, er- 

Uninteresting. SYN. Dull, tedious, 
tiresome, unattractive [See ATTRAC- 
TIVE and DULL]. 

Uninterrupted. SYN. Continuous, 
perpetual, unceasing, incessant, end- 
less [See PERPETUAL]. 

Union. SYN. Junction, coalition, com- 
bination, agreement, harmony, con- 
junction, concert, league, connection, 
alliance, confederacy, concord, con- 
federation, consolidation. 

ANT. Disjunction, separation, sever- 
ance, divorce, disagreement, discord, 
disharmony, secession, disruption, 
multiplication, diversification, divis- 

Unique. RYN. Sole, matchless, singu- 
lar, rare, choice, uncommon [See 

Ciiison. STW. flarmony, agreement, 
concord, union. 

ANT. Discord, disharmony, disagree- 
ment, disunion, variance. 

9 DNP 

Unit. Bnr. Ace, item, part, Individ- 

ANT. Total, aggregate, collection, 
sum, mass. 

Unite. SYN. Join, combine, link, at- 
tach, amalgamate, associate, coalesce, 
embody, merge, be mixed, conjoin, 
connect, couple, add, incorporate 
with, cohere, concatenate, integrate, 

ANT. Disjoin, sever, dissociate, sep- 
arate, dtaamalgamate, resolve, discon- 
nect, disintegrate, disunite, disrupt, 
divide, multiply, part, sunder, di- 

Unity. SYN. Oneness, singleness, in- 
dividuality, concord, conjunction, 
agreement, uniformity, indivisibil- 

ANT. Plurality, multitude, complex- 
ity, multiplicity, discord, disjunction, 
separation, severance, variety, hetero- 
geneity, diversity, incongruity, divisi- 

Universal. SYN. All, embracing, to- 
tal, unlimited, boundless, comprehen- 
sive, entire, general, whole, exhaust- 
ive, complete. 

ANT. Partial, local, limited, incom- 
plete, exclusive, particular ^exhaust- 
ive, exceptional. 

Unjust [See JUST and HONEST]. 

Unknown. BYN. Mysterious, hid- 
den, obscure, unrecognized [See OB- 

Unlawful [See LAWFUL]. 

Unlearned [See LEARNED]. 

Unlike [See LIKE]. 

Unlimited [Se BOUNDLESS]. 

Unlucky [See LUCKY], 

Unmistakable. SYN. Unambiguous, 
plain, evident, manifest, clear, un- 
equivocal [See AMBIGUOUS]. 

Unnecessary. SYN. Uncalled for, 
useless, needless [see NECESSARY]. 

Unpardonable. SYN. Inexcusable, 
unjustifiable [See PARDONABLE]. 

Unpleasant [See PLEASANT]. 

Unprecedented. SYN. Unrivalled, 
unexampled, unequalled, rare [See 

Unprincipled [See WICTTD]. 

Unprofitable. SYN. Useless, boot 
less, futile, fruitless [See Pnorr* 





Unqualified. STN. Absolute, uncon- 
ditioned, outright [See ABSOLUTE]. 

Unquestionable. SYN. Irrefraga- 
ble, incon k rovertible, indubitable, un- 
deniable, indisputable [See INDIS- 

Unreasonable. SYN. Foolish, silly, 
absurd, preposterous, immoderate, 
exorbitant, ridiculous [See RATIONAL 

Unrelenting. STN. Inexorable, un- 
yielding, pitiless, stem, cruel, bard 
[See HABD], 

Unrighteous. STN. Wrongful, un- 
just, unfair, unequitable [See RIGHT- 

Unrivalled. STN. Unequalled, 
unique, unexampled, Incomparable, 
matchless [See INCOMPARABLE]. 

Unroll. STN. Unfold, open, discover 

Unruffled [See TRANQUIL]. 

Unruly. STN. Ungovernable, unman- 
ageable, refractory [See RRTBACTO- 

Unsafe [See SAFE]. 

Unseasonable [See SEASONABLE], 

Unseemly. SYN. Unbecoming, in- 
decorous, unsuitable, unfit, unbefit- 
ting [See SEEMLT]. 

Unselfish. [See SELFISH], 

Unseen. STN. Invisible, unnoticed, 
uaperceived [See VISIBLE]. 

Unsettle. STN. Disturb, derange, dis- 
place, ruffle [See SETTLE]. 

Unskillful [See CLUMST]. 

Unsophisticated [See SIMPLE]. 

Unsound [See SOUND], 

Unspeakable rse ISDESCBIB- 


Unsteady. STN. Wavering, unstable, 
variable, fickle, restless, fitful [See 

Unsuccessful. STN. Futile, vain, 
ineffectual, fruitless, unfortunate [See 

Untrodden. STN. Trackless, path- 
ANT. Trodden, frequented. 

Untruth. STN. Lie, falsehood, fib, fic- 
tion, fabrication, deception. 
ANT. Truth, fact, verity. 

Unusual. STN. Ear e,unwonted, singu- 
lar, uncommon, remarkable, strange, 
extraordinary [See USUAL]. 

Unwearied. STN. Indefatigable, 

persevering, tireless [See INDEFATIO. 

Unwilling. STN. Averse, backward, 
disinclined, loth, reluctant [See RE- 

Unyielding. STN. Inflexible, un- 
bending, stanch, stiff, determined, 
obstinate [See FLEXIBLE and OBSTI- 

Upbraid. STN. Beprove, taunt, re- 
proach, chide. 

ANT. Commend, praise, eulogize, 
laud, compliment, applaud. 

Uphold. STN. Support, sustain, ele- 
vate, raise, countenance, advocate, 
sanction, encourage, defend, maintain, 
vindicate, stand by. 

ANT. Subvert, drop, discard, betray, 
discountenance, oppose, discourage, 
attack, repudiate, abandon, abjure, 

Upright. STN. Vertical, erect, per- 
pendicular, honest, honorable, pure, 
principled, conscientious, just, fair, 

ANT. Inverted, Inclined, dishonest, 
dishonorable, corrupt, unprincipled, 

Uproar [See TUMULT]. 

Uproot. STN. Eradicate, extirpate, 
weed, deracinate, exterminate, de- 

ANT. Implant, sow, foster, nurture, 

Upset. STN. Overturn, overthrow, 
capsize, overbalance, subvert, dis- 

ANT. Establish, plant, stabilitate, 
corroborate, confirm. 

Upshot. STN. Result, conclusion, out- 
come, Denouement, issue, finale [See 


Upstart. SYW. Plebeian, mushroom. 
ANT. Personage, pptrician. 

Urbane. STN. Affable, courteous, re- 
fined, polite. 

ANT. Boorish, discourteous, 
fined, coarse. 

Urbanity. STN. Politeness, 
ment, courtesy, polished manners, 
suavity, good breeding, civility [Sea 

Urge. SYN. Press, push, drive, impel, 
propel, force, importune, solicit, ani- 
mate, incite, instigate, stimulate, ha* 
ten, expedite, accelerate, despatch. 


281 VAQ 

ANT. Repress, bold, retain, inhibit, 
coerce, restrain, cohibit, hinder, re- 
tard, discourage, damp, obstruct. 

Urgent. SYN. Pressing, imperative, 
immediate, importunate, forcible, 
strenuous, serious, grave,momentous, 

ANT. Uuiuiportaut, insignificant, 
trifling, trivial, deferrible. 

Linage. STN. Custom, use, fashion, 
prescription, treatment [See FASH- 

Use. n. STN. Advantage, custom, hab- 
it, practice, service, utility, usage 
[See CUSTOM]. 

Use. v. SYN. Employ, exercise, treat, 
practice, accustom, habituate, inure. 

ANT. Discard, suspend, ignore, 
avoid, disaccustom, dishabituate, dis- 

Useful. SYN. Advantageous, profit- 
able, helpful, serviceable, beneficial, 
available, adapted, suited, conducive. 
ANT. Disadvantageous, unprofit- 
able, obstructive,retardative, prevent- 
ative, antagonistic, hostile, cumber- 
some, burdensome, unbeneflcial, un- 
available, inconducive, useless, fruit- 
less, ineffectual. 

Useless [See USEFUL]. 

Usher. SYN. Herald, introduce, pre- 
cede, announce. 
ANT. Follow, attend, succeed. 

Usual. SYN. Common, customary, or- 
dinary, normal, regular, habitual, 
wonted, accustomed, general. 

ANT. Uncommon, rare, exceptional, 
uncustomary, extraordinary, abnor- 
mal, irregular, unusual. 

Usurp. SYN. Seize, arrogate, appro- 
priate, assume. 
ANT. Receive, inherit, accept. 

Utility. SYN. Usefulness, benefit, 
profit, advantage, advantageousnees, 
service [See ADVANTAGE]. 

Utilize. SYN. Localize, economize, 

ANT. Dissipate, waste, squander, 
sacrifice, lose. 

Utmost. SYN. Farthest, remotest, ut- 
Unroot, greatest. 
AVT. Nearest, smallest. 

Utter, v. SYN. Circulate, issue, pro- 
mulgate, express, articulate, pro- 
nounce, speak 

ANT. Recal, suppress, repress, 
hush, stifle, check, swallow. 

Utter, a. SYN. Extreme, perfect, com- 
plete, unqualified, absolute, thorough, 
consummate, entire, sheer, pure. 

ANT. Imperfect, incomplete, im- 

Utterly. SYN. Totally, completely, 
wholly, quite, altogether, entirely 

VACANCY. SYN. Empty, emptiness, 
space, vacuity, leisure, void. 

ANT. Fullness, business, occupa- 

Vacant. SYN. Empty, leisure, unem- 
ployed, unencumbered, unoccupied, 
void, unfilled, mindless, exhausted. 

ANT. Full, replenished, business, 
employed, engaged, occupied, filled, 

Vacate. SYN. Resign, surrender, an- 
nul, invalidate, abrogate, neutralize. 

ANT. Hold, retain, fill, occupy, sub- 

Vacation. SYN. Holiday, recrea- 

ANT. Term, business. 
Vacillate. SYN. Fluctuate, dubitate, 
waver, be unsteady. 

ANT. Determine, abide, adhere. 
Vacuity. SYN. Emptiness, inanity, 
nihility, space, void. 

ANT. Fullness, substance, matter, 
occupation, quantity, bulk. 
Vagabond. SYN. Wanderer.vagrant, 
rogue, tramp. 

ANT. Worker, laborer. 
Vagary. SY:.. Whim, fancy, crotchet, 
freak, caprice. 

ANT. Purpose, determination, judg. 
ment, conviction, seriousness. 
Vagrant. SYN. Vagabond, strolling, 
itinerant, wandering, sauntering, 
roaming, roving. 

ANT. Domestic, established, local, 

Vague. SYN. General, lax, indefinite, 
undetermined, popular, intangible, 
equivocal, unsettled, uncertain, ill de- 
fined, pointless. 

ANT. Strict, definite, determined, 
limited, scientific, pointed, specific. 



Vain. SIN. Empty, worthless, fruit- 
less, unsatisfying, unavailing, idle, in- 
effectual, egotistic, showy, unreal, 
conceited, arrogant. 

ANT. Solid, substantial, sound, wor- 
thy, efficient, effectual, cogent, potent, 
uuconceited, modest, real. 

Valediction. SYN. Leave-taking, 
farewell, adieu. 

ANT. Salutation, hail, welcome, re- 
ception, recognition. 

Valiant. SYN. Intrepid, heroic, cou- 
rageous, brave, redoubtable, stout 
hearted, valorous, gallant. 

ANT. Timid, puny, cowardly, cra- 

Valid. SYN. Strong, powerful, cogent, 
weighty, sound, substantial, available, 
efficient, sufficient, operative, conclu- 

ANT. Weak, invalid, powerless, un- 
souml, unsubstantial, unavailable, in- 
efficient, insufficient, inoperative, ob- 
solete, effete, superseded, inconclu- 

Valor [See COURAGE]. 

Valuable. SYN. Precious, costly, es- 

ANT. Cheap, vile, worthless, value- 

Value, v. SYN. Appreciate, compute, 
rate, estimate, esteem, treasure, ap- 
praise, prize. 

ANT. Miscompute, misestimate, dis- 
esteem, disregard, vilipend, under- 
rate, undervalue, underestimate, de- 
spise, contemn, cheapen, vilify. 

Value, n. [See WORTH], 

Vanish. SYN. Disappear, dissolve, 
melt, fade away. 
ANT. Appear, approach, loom. 

Vanity. SYN. Emptiness, unsub- 
stantiality, unreality, falsity, conceit, 
self-sufficiency, ostentation, pride, 
worthlessness, triviality. 

ANT. Substance, solidity, substan- 
tiality, reality, truth, modesty, self- 
distrust, simplicity, uuosteutatious- 
ness, husoility. 

Vanquish. SYN. Conquer, surmount, 
subdue, discomfit, confute, overcome, 
defeat, master. 
ANT. Succumb, yield, faint, fail. 

Vapid. SYN. Flat, dull, spiritless, 
irtiilw, taatuless, flavorless, insipid, 
tarn*. ' 

ANT. Spirited, animated, pungent, 
trenchant, pithy. 

Vapor. SYN. Steam, fog, mist, fume, 
gas, exhalation [See EXHALATION ]. 

Variable. SYN. Changeable, mutable, 
fickle, capricious, wavering, unsteady, 
inconstant, shifting. 

ANT. Unchanging, unchangeable, 
immutable, constant, firm, true, fast, 
stanch, unwavering, steady, unalter- 
able, invariable. 

Variance. SYN. Difference, disagree- 
ment, discord, estrangement, antag- 
onism, strife, hostility, discrepancy. 

ANT. Unity, reconciliation, har- 
mony, agreement, pacification, peace, 
accommodation, consent. 

Variation. SYN. Deviation, altera- 
tion, mutation, diversity, departure, 
change, abnormity, exception, dis- 

ANT. Continuance, fixity, indlver- 
gency, exemplification, law, rule, uni- 
formity, harmony, agreement. 

Variegated. SYN. Diversified, di- 
vers-colored, parti-colored, mottled 

Variety. SYN. Difference, diversity, 
medley, miscellany, multiplicity, mul- 
tiformity, abnormity. 

ANT. Uniformity, species, type, 

Various. SYN. Different, diverse, 
multiform, multitudinous, several, 
sundry, uncertain, manifold, diversi- 

ANT. One, same, identical, uniform, 
few, similar. 

Varnish. SYN. Glaze, gloss, disguise, 
palliate, embellish, sophisticate, fur- 

ANT. Simplify, divest, disembellish, 

Vary. SYN. Alter, dissimilate, change, 
modify, variegate, diversify, differ, 
deviate, disagree. 

ANT. Perpetuate, stabilitate, assim- 
ilate, stereotype, harmonize, con- 

Vast. SYN. Waste, wild, desolate, ex- 
tensive, spacious, wide spread, gigan- 
tic, wide, boundless, measureless, 
enormous, mighty, huge, immense, 
colossal, prodigious, far-reaching. 

ANT. Narrow, close, confined, fr*- 
queated, populated, cultivated, tend- 

VAT 3 

d, tilled, limited, bounded, circum- 
scribed, moderate. 

Vaticination. SYN. Prophecy, div- 
ination, augury, prediction. 

ANT. Retrospection, realization, re- 
hearsal, verification, fulfillment, ac- 

Vaunt. SYN. Boast, brag, puff, hawk, 
trumpet, cackle, advertise, make a 
display of, flourish, cry, parade. 

ANT. Repress, suppress, conceal, 
disparage, decry, detract. 

Ver. SYN. Shift, tergiversate, trim, 

ANT. Stand, stick, persist, remain, 

Vegetate. SYN. Grow, sprout, ger- 
minate, idle, bask, pullulate, hiber- 

ANT. Fade, pine, wither, decay, rot, 
stir, bustle, work, energize, operate. 

Vehement. SYN. Violent, impetu- 
ous, ardent, burning, fervent, raging, 
furious, passionate, fervid, urgent, 
forcible, eager. 

ANT. Mild, feeble, inanimate, sub- 
dued, controlled, un impassioned, pas- 
sionless, cold, stoical, gentle, weak, 

Veil. SYN. Intercept, hide, screen, dis- 
guise, palliate, mask, cover, conceal. 

ANT. Expose, unveil, strip, denude, 

Velocity. SYN. Quickness, swiftness, 
speed, celerity, rapidity, fleetness. 

ANT. Slowness, sluggishness, tardi- 
ness, ientor, languor, cumbrousness, 

Venal. SYN. Sordid, mercenary, pros- 
titute, pelfish, selfish, held for pay, 

ANT. Disinterested, unmercenary, 

Vnd [See Btrr]. 

Venerate [See ADOBE]. 

Venerable. SYN. Sage, wise, grave 
[See QRAVE and FOOLISH j. 

Veneration. SYN. Reverence, adora- 
tion, worship. 

ANT. Contempt, disesteem, loathing, 

Vengeance. SYN. Retribution, re- 
taliation, revenge. 

ANT. Forgiveness, pardon, condo- 
ation, amnesty, grace, remission, 


absolution, oblivion, indulgence, re- 

Venial. SYN. Pardonable, excusable, 
remissible, justifiable. 

ANT. Unpardonable, inexcusable, 
irremissible, mortal. 

Venom. SYN. Poison, virus, malice, 
malignity, spite. 
ANT. Antidote [See SPITE]. 

Venomous. SYN. Poisonous, malig- 
nant, virulent, slanderous. 

ANT. Wholesome, salubrious, ge- 
nial, flattering, kindly. 

Vent. SYN. Outlet, opening, discharge, 
passage, utterance [See OPENING J. 

Venture, n. SYN. Speculation, risk, 
chance, hazard, stake, undertaking, 
luck, experiment, throw. 

ANT. Non-speculation, caution, res- 
ervation, calculation, certainty, law, 

Venture, v. [See HAZABD], 

Venturesome. SYN. Risky, intrepid, 
foolhardy [See ADVENTUROUS]. 

Venturous. SYN. Daring, rash, in- 
trepid, audacious. 

ANT. Unveuturesome, cautious, 
timid, unenterprising. 

Veracious. SYN. True, credible, re- 
liable, honest, truth-loving, truthful, 

ANT. False, mendacious, invera- 
cious, deceitful, unhistorical, roman- 
tic, imaginative. 

Veracity. SYN. Truth, truthfulness, 
credibility, exactness, accuracy [Sea 

Verbal. SYN. Oral, spoken, parole, 
vocal, unwritten, unrecorded. 

ANT. Written, documentary, episto- 
lary, recorded. 

Verbose. SYN. Windy, prolix, prosy, 

ANT. Curt, laconic, succinct, terse, 

Verdict. SYN. Finding, judgment, an- 
swer, opinion, decision, sentence. 

ANT. Non-declaration, indecision, 

Verge, n. SYN. Border, brim, edge, rim, 
limit, margin, brink, eve. 
ANT. Heart, depth, center, midst. 

Verge, v. SYH. Tend, bend, slope, in- 
cline, approach, approximate, trend, 




ANT. Decline, deviate, revert, de- 
part, recede, return, back, retrooede. 
Verify. SYN. Establish, confirm, ful- 
fill, authenticate, substantiate, iden- 
tify, realize, test, warrant, demon- 

ANT. Disestablish, subvert, fail, 
falsify, mistake, misrepresent, mis- 
state, disappoint, misdemonstrate. 
Verisimilitude. SYN. Probability, 
consistency, likelihood. 

ANT. Improbability, inconsistency, 

Veritable. SYN. True, actual, real, 
authentic, original. 

ANT. False, fictitious, unreal, un- 
anthentic, spurious, supposititious, 
feigned, sham, untrue. 
Verity. SYN. Truth, reality, actuality, 
i existence. 

' ANT. Falsity, unreality, supposi- 
) tion, hypothesis, conjecture, chimera, 

dream, delusion, fancy, phantasy. 
Vernal. SYN. Spring, youthful, ge- 
nial, balmy, nascent. 

ANT. Wintry, aged, brumal, hiber- 
nal, harsh, ungenial, cutting, au- 
tumnal, decadent, declining. 
Versatile. SYN. Changeable, un- 
steady, unfixed, capricious, varied, 
many-sided, multigenous, manifold, 
variable, mobile, plastic, ready. 

ANT. Immovable, immutable, fixed, 
unvaried, unvarying, one-sided, uni- 
form, invariable, stolid, immobile, un- 

Versed. SYN. Skilled, practiced, con- 
versant, acquainted, initiated, indoc- 
trinated, clever, familiar, thoroughly 
acquainted, proficient. 

ANT. Unskilled, ill-versed, unprac- 
ticed. inconversant, unfamiliar, unin- 
itiated, ignorant, awkward, strange, 
unversed, untaught. 
Version. SYN. Kendering, statement, 

account [See INTERPRETATION]. 
Vertical. SYN. Perpendicular, up- 

ANT. Inclined, sloped, scarped. 
Vest. SYN. Kobe, clothe, furnish, en- 

ANT. Divest, strip, unrobe, denude, 

Vestige. SYN. Trace, mark, indica- 
tion, sign, token, remnant, record, 
trail, scent. 

ANT. Misindication, obliteration, 
effaceroent, non-indication, indemon-. 
strableness, deletion. 
Veteran. SYN. Habitue", expert, adept, 

ANT. Tyro, recruit, novice, lubber. 
Vex. SYN. Tease, irritate, provoke, 
plague, torment, tantalize, bother v 
worry, pester, trouble, disquiet, af- 
flict, harass, annoy. 

ANT. Soothe, appease, gratify, 
quiet, please. 

Vexation. SYN. Chagrin, uneasi- 
ness, mortification. 

ANT. Pleasure, enjoyment [See 

Vibrate. SYN. Oscillate, swing, un- 
dulate, shake, quiver, wave. 

ANT. Be at rest [See QUAKE]. 
Vicarious. SYN. Substitutive, de- 
puted, delegated, representative, pro- 

ANT. Personal, self-performed. 
Vice. SYN. Corruption, fault, defect, 
evil, crime, immorality, sin, bad- 

ANT. Purity, faultlessness, perfec- 
tion, virtue, immaculateness, good- 
ness, soundness. 

Vicinity. SYN. Juxtaposition, neigh- 
borhood, nearness, proximity. 

ANT. Distance, remoteness, separa- 
tion, removal. 

Vicious. SYN. Corrupt, faulty, de- 
fective, bad, morbid, peccant, de- 
based, profligate, unruly, impure, de- 

ANT. Pure, sound, perfect, virtuous, 

Vicissitude. SYN. Change, alterna- 
tion, interchange, revolution, muta- 
tion, ups and downs. 

ANT. Perpetuity, stability, change- 
lessness, immutability, fixity. 
Victim. STN. Sufferer, prey, sacri- 
fice, martyr, dupe, giill. 

ANT. Sacrificer, seducer. 
Victorious [See TRIUMPHANT]. 
Victory. SYN. Conquest, triumph, 
ovation, success. 

ANT. Failure, defeat, frustration, 
disappointment, abortion, miscar- 
riage, non-success. 

Victuals. SYN. Food, fare, provis- 
ions, bread, viands, meat, repast. 
Vie. SYN. Strive, contend, contest, 
wpe, compete, emulate, rival. 




ANT. Yield, succumb, retire, sur- 

View. SYN. Behold, examine, Inspect, 
explore, survey, consider, contem- 
plate, reconnoitre, observe, regard, 
estimate, judge. 

ANT. Ignore, overlook, disregard, 
misconsider, misinspect, mlsobserve, 
misestimate, misjudge. 
View. SYN. Sight, vision, survey, ex- 
amination, inspection, judgment, es- 
timate, scene, representation, appre- 
hension, sentiment, conception, opin- 
ion, object, aim, intention, purpose, 
design, end, light, aspect. 

ANT. Blindness, occultation, obscu- 
ration, darkness, rnisexammatiou, de- 
ception, error, delusion, inisjudg- 
ment, misrepresentation, misconcep- 
tion, airalessness, non-intention. 

Vigilance. SYN. Watchfulness, ob- 
servance, wakefulness, sleeplessness, 
carefulness, activity, circumspec- 

ANT. Drowsiness, inattention, care- 
lessness, indulgence, somnolence, 
inobservance, inactivity, indifference, 
connivance, unwatchfulness. 

Vliiilaiit [See WATCHFUL]. 

Vigorous. SYN. Strong, lusty, pow- 
erful, energetic, efficacious, nervoun, 
robust, virile, manly, active, reso- 

ANT. Weak, feeble, powerless. In- 
active, nerveless, enervated, debile, 
debilitated, effete, emasculated, inac- 
tive, irresolute, indolent. 

Vile. SYN. Cheap, worthier, value- 
less, low, base, mean, despicable, 
hateful, bad, impure, vicious, aban- 
doned, abject, sinful, sordid, ignoble, 
wicked, villainous, degraded, wretch- 

ANT. Costlv, rare, precious, valu- 
able, high, exulted, noble, honorable, 
lofty, venerable. 

Vilii'y. SYN. Debase, degrade, spoil, 
deteriorate, mar, defame, traduce, ns- 
perse, stigmatize, slander, upbraid, 
abuse, decry, cheapen. 

ANT. Purify, refine, exalt, raise, im- 
prove, enhance, eulogize, praise, 
laud, panegyrize, commend. 

Villain. SYN. Scoundrel, ruffian, 
wretch FSee RASCAL.]. 

Villainous. SYN. Base, knavish, de- 
uraved, inlarnous [See Vm:]. 

Vindicate. SYN. Assert, maintain, 
uphold, clear, support, defend, claim, 
substantiate, justify, establish. 

ANT. Waive, abandon, surrender, 
forego, disprove, disestablish, neutral- 
ize, nullify, destroy, subvert, annul, 

Vindictive. SYN. Revengeful, spite- 
ful, unforgiving, unrelenting, Implac- 
able, rancorous, unmerciful. 

ANT. Forgiving, generous, forbear- 
ing, merciful, unvindictive. 
Violate. SYN. Ravish, injure, abuse, 
disturb, hurt, rape, outrage, debauch, 
break, infringe^ profane, transgress, 

ANT. Respect, foster, observe, re- 
gard, preserve, cherish, protect, 

Violence. SYN. Vehemence, impetu- 
osity, force, rape, outrage, rage, pro- 
fanation, injustice, fury, infringe- 
ment, fierceness, oppression. 

ANT. Lenity,milduess,self-restralnt, 
feebleness, gentleness, respect, for- 
bearance, self-control, observance, 
obedience, preservatiou,conservation, 

Violent. SYN. Vehement, raving, fu- 
rious, forcible, outrageous, raging, 
passionate fSee FRANTIC]. 
Virago. SYN. Termagant, vixen, a 

scold, a shrew, a Jezebel. 
Virgin, n. SYN. Maid, maiden, dam- 
sel, girl. 

ANT. Matron, married woman, 
strumpet, whore, prostitute, bawd. 
Virgin, a. SYN. Maidenly. nndefiled, 
unpolluted, untouched, fresh. 

ANT. Unmaidenly, defiled, polluted, 
ravished, used, cultivated. 
Virile. SYN. Manly, masculine, ro- 
bust, nervous, vigorous. 

ANT. Feeble, debile, puerile, effem- 
inate, emasculate. 

Virtual. SYN. Potential, implied, 
constructive, practical, substantial, 
indirect, essential, implicit. 

ANT. Stated, expressed, categorical, 
direct, sensible, material, definite, de- 
veloped, explicit. 

Virtue. SYN. Power, capacity, 
strength, force, efficacy, excellence, 
value, morality, goodness, upright- 
ness, purity, chastity, salubrity. 
ANT. Weakness, incapacity, iuabiii- 

VIB : 

ty, inefficacy, badness, corruption, 
vice, immorality, impurity, unchastity, 
virulence, malignancy. 
Virtuous. SYN. Upright, moral, 
chaste, modest, pure [See PTJBE and 

Virulence. SYN. Venom, poison, 
acrimony, malignity, malignancy, bit- 
terness, malevolence. 

ANT. Mildness, salubriousness, as- 
suagement, abatement, virtue, benev- 

Viscid. SYN. Glutinous, ropy, gelat- 
inous, sticky, cohesive 

ANT. Watery, limpid, intenacious, 

Visible. SYN. Perceptible, apparent, 
clear, plain, obvious, conspicuous, ob- 
servable, discernible, palpable, mani- 
fest, distinguishable, evident. 

ANT Imperceptible, non-apparent, 
inconspicuous, impalpable, microscop- 
,ic, invisible, inobservable, concealed, 
eclipsed, withdrawn, indiscernible, in- 
Vision [See VrewJ 
Visionary. SYN. Fanciful, dreamy, 
chimerical, baseless, shadowy, imagi- 
nary, unreal, fabulous, romantic. 

ANT. Actual, real, truthful , sound, 
substantial, palpable, unromantic, so- 
ber, veritable. 

Vital. STN. Living, animate, life-sup- 
porting, life-containing, essential, 
necessary, important, indispensable, 
inseparable, paramount, material. 

ANT. Mortal, lethal, cadaverous, 
lifeless, inanimate, unessential, unim- 
portant, secondary, separable, imma- 

Vitiate. SYN. Impair, corrupt, spoil, 
injure, invalidate, deteriorate, taint. 

ANT. Corroborate, confirm, substan- 
tiate, justify, vindicate, sanction. 
Vivacious. SYN. Alive, lively, ani- 
mated, sprightly, sportive, active, 
brisk, gay, merry. 

ANT. Dead, lifeless, inanimate, dull, 
stolid, moody, heavy, wooden, leaden, 
torpid, sluggish, spiritless. 
Vivid. SYN. Bright, brilliant, lumi- 
nous, resplendent, lustrous, radiant, 
graphic, clear, lively, animated, stir- 
ring, striking, glowing, sunny, bright, 

'VMT. Pull, opaque, non-luminous, 

* VOL 

' obscure, rayless, lurid, somber, non- 
reflecting, dim, dusky, cloudy, nebu- 
lous, pale, wan, caliginous. 
Vixen. SYN. Scold, shrew [See VIRA- 


Vocation. SYN. Profession, office, 
calling, function, mission, avocation, 
trade, business, capacity, employ- 
ment, occupation 

ANT. Inconversance, Incapacity, 
leisure, non-employment. 

Vogue. SYN. Way, custom, fashion, 
repute, use, usage, practice. 

ANT. Desuetude, disuse. diseteem, 
nnfashlonableness, disrepute, aboli- 

Voice. SYN. Tone,ntterance.language, 
articulation, words, expression, sig- 
nification, opinion, vote, suffrage, say, 

ANT Aphony, muteness, obmntes- 
cence, voicelessness. silence, inarticu- 
lation, inexpression, dumbness, in- 
authoritative 1 1 ess. 

Void. SYN. Wanting, empty, vacant, 
useless, nugatory, destitute, bereft, 
unoccupied, unfilled, unsubstantial, 
lacking, invalid, null. 

ANT. Possessed, endued, furnished, 
full, occupied, solid, substantial, rich, 
valid, operative, good, efficacious. 

Volatile. SYN. Vaporizable, sublim- 
able, distillable, airy, spirituous.evap- 
orating, gay, Iively,flip i hty,capriciou8, 

ANT. Fixed, solid, persistent, dull, 
somber, demure, steady, determined, 
resolute, involatile. 

Volition. SYN. Will, choice, prefer- 
ence, determination, purpose, delib- 
eration, free-will. 

ANT. Force, fate, necessity,mechan- 
ism, compulsion, predestination, coer- 

Voluble. SYN. Boiling, running, 
coursing, fluent, rapid, loquacious, 
glib, fluent, talkative. 

ANT. Stagnant, creeping, tardy, 
slow, sluggish, lazy, torpid,hesitating, 
tardiloquent, stammering, stuttering. 

Volume. SYN. Size, body, bulk, di- 
mensions, book, work, tome, capacity, 
magnitude, compass, quantity. 

ANT. Diminutiveuess, tenuity, mi- 
nuteness, smallness. 

Voluntary. SYN. Deliberate, spaa- 

VOL ! 

imneous, free, intentional, optional, 
discretional, unconstrained, willing. 

ANT. CompuUory, coercive, neces- 
sitated, involuntary. 
Volunteer. SYN. Offer, proffer, tend, 

ANT. Withhold, refuse, suppress. 
Voluptuous. SYN. Sensual, luxuri- 
ous, Keif-indulgent, licentious, highly 

ANT. Unsensual, abstinent, self-de- 
nying, ascetic, sober. 
Voracious. SYN. Hungry, absorbent, 
ravenous, rapacious, insatiate, omniv- 
orous, gormandizing. 

ANT. Epicurean, f-quenmish, fastid- 
ious, delicate, dainty, nice. 
Vouch. STN. Attest, undertake, prom- 
ise, assure, warrant, vow. 

ANT. Demur, repudiate, decline, ab- 
negate, abjure, renounce, protest. 
Vouchsafe. SYN. Grant, accede, con- 
cede, deign, condescend. 

ANT. Refuse, withhold, deny. 
Vow [See VOUCH]. 
Vulgar. SYN. Popular, general, 
loose, ordinary, public, vernacular, 
plebeian. uncultivated, unrefined, 
low, mean, coarse, underbred. 

ANT. Strict, scientific, philosophi- 
cal, restricted, technical, accurate, 
patrician, select, choice, cultivated, 
refined, polite, high-bred, stylish, 

Vulnerable. SYN. Assailable, weak, 
exposed, tender, delicate. 

ANT. Unassailable, impregnable, 


'WAFT. SYN. Float, transport, 
ANT. Sink, depress, bear down. 

Wag. SYN. Joker, jester, droll fellow, 

ANT. Sober fellow, serious fel- 

Wage. v. SYN. Carry on, make, un- 
dertake (as war), bet, stake, pledge. 

Wages. SYN. Remuneration, hire, 
compensation, stipend, salary, allow- 

ANT. Gratuity, douceur, premium, 
bonus, grace. 

Walt. SYN. Stay, tarry, rest, stop, 
bide, expect. 

r WAN 

ANT. Speea, hasten, press. 

Waive. SYN. Forego, abandon, re. 
mit, cancel, drop, relinquish, cast off. 
ANT. Press, urge, enforce, assert, 
claim, vindicate. 

Wake. SYN. Rouse, suscitate, excite, 
reanimate, revive, awake, watch, 
revel, evoke, summon, provoke, call. 
ANT. Soothe, allay, appease, lay, 
hush, lullaby, mesmerize, tranqull- 
ize. quiet. 

Wakeful. SYN. 'Watchful, sleepless 

Walk. SYN. Step, stride, march, 
stalk, plod, tread, tramp, trudge. 
ANT. Halt, stop, stand still, ride. 

Wan. SYN. Pale, livid, lurid, dusky, 
bloodless, haggard. 

ANT. Fresh-colored, lively, bright, 
incarnadine, sanguine, chubby. 

WiMider. SYN. Ramble, range, stroll, 
rove, expatiate, roam, deviate, stray, 
depart, err, swerve, straggle, saunter, 
navigate, circumnavigate, travel. 

ANT. Re*t, stop, perch, bivouac, 
halt, lie, anchor, alight, settle, moor, 
pause, repose. 

Wandering. SYN. Roving, vagrant, 
rambling, strolling, discursive {See 

'Wane. SYN Fade, pale, decrease, di- 
minish, decline, fail, sink, ebb, de- 
teriorate, recede, pine, droop, atten- 
uate, contract. 

ANT. Brighten, increase, improve, 
mend, advance, rally, develop, re- 
cover, expand. 

Want. SYN. Deficiency, lack, failure, 
insufficiency, scantiness, shortness, 
omission, neglect, non-production, ab- 

ANT. Supply, sufficiency, provision, 
abundance, production, allowance, 
supplement, adequacy. 

Wanton. SYN. Wandering, roving, 
sportive, playful, frolicsome, loose, 
unbridled, uncurbed, reckless, unre- 
strained, irregular, licentious, disso- 
lute, inconsiderate, heedless, gratui- 

ANT. Stationary, unrovlng, un^por- 
tive, unplayful, unfrolicsome, joyless, 
thoughtful, demure, sedate, discreet, 
staid, self-controlled, well-regulated, 
formal, austere, purposed, deliberate, 
oold-blooded, determined. 




Ward. BTN. Watch, avert, defend, 
parry, guard, fend, repel. 
ANT. Betray, surrender, admit. 

Warfare. SYN. War, hostilities, an- 
tagonism, campaign, engagement, 

ANT. Peace, truce, pacification, ac- 
commodation, reconciliation, armis- 
tice, neutrality, friendliness. 

Warlike. STN. Military, martial, 
soldierly, hostile, bellicose, soldier- 
like, belligerent. 

ANT. Peaceful, civil, unwarlike, pa- 
cific, unmilitary. 

Warm. STN. Blood-warm, thermal, 
genial, irascible, hot, ardent, affec- 
tionate, fervid, fervent, fiery, glowing, 
enthusiastic, zealous, eager, excited,. 
Interested, animated. 

ANT. Frigid, cold, tepid, starved, 
indifferent, cool, unexcited, passion- 

Warmth. STN. Ardor, glow, fervor, 
zeal, heat, excitement, intensity, 
earnestness, cordiality, animation, 
eagerness, vehemence, geniality, sin- 
cerity, passion, irascibility, emotion, 

ANT. Frigidity, frost, congelation, 
iciness, coldness, calmness, coolness, 
indifference, torpidity, insensitive- 
ness, apathy, slowness, nngeniality, 
insincerity, passionlessness, hypoc- 
risy, good-temper, death. 

Warn. SYN. Premonish, monish, ad- 
monish, notify, dissuade, deter, 

ANT. Encourage, incite, instigate, 

Warning. STN. Caution, premoni- 
tion, notice, admonition fSee NO- 

Warp. STN. Turn, twist, shrink, give, 
contort, bias, unhinge, distort, preju- 
dice, corrupt, narrow, pervert, 

ANT. Stand, hold, direct, guide, con- 
trol, correct, regulate, train, conduct, 
rectify, expand. 

Warrant. STN. Secure, undertake, 
authorize, empower, engage, support, 
justify, assure. 

ANT. Imperil, endanger, repudiate, 
nullify, invalidate. 

"Wary. STN. Suspicious, cautious, 
watchful, guarded, circumspect, pru- 
#lent, vigilant. 

ANT. Unwary, unsuspecting, in- 
cautious, invigilant, un watchful, un- 
guarded, uncircumspect, heedless. 

Wash. STN. Lave, cleanse, bathe, 
rinse, absterge. 
ANT. Soil, foul, contaminate. 

Washy. STN. Weak, vapid, diluted, 
spiritless, pointless. 

ANT. Vigorous, nervous, forcible, 
pregnant, trenchant, pungent. 

Waste. STN. Kuin, destroy, devastate, 
impair, consume, squander, dissipate, 
throw away, diminish, impair, lavish, 
desolate, pine, decay, attenuate, 
dwindle, shrivel, wither, wane. 

ANT. Restore, repair, conserve, 
preserve, perpetuate, protect, hus- 
band, economize, utilize, hoard, treas- 
ure, accumulate, enrich, flourish, 
luxuriate, multiply, augment, develop. 

Wasteful [See EXTRAVAGANT]. 

Watch. STN. Wait, wake, contem- 
plate, observe, note, tend, guard. 

ANT. Disregard, overlook, niisob- 

Watchful. STN. Vigilant, expectant, 
wakeful, heedful, careful, observant, 
attentive, circumspect, wary, cau- 

ANT. Unwatchful, invigilant, tm- 
wakeful, slumbrous, drowsy, heedless, 
careless, inobservant, inattentive, un- 
circumspect, unwary, incautious, dis- 

Waver. STN. Hesitate, dubitate, halt, 
fluctuate, vacillate, alternate, scruple, 
be undetermined, totter. 

ANT. Determine, decide, rest, re- 
pose, settle. 

Wavering [See STEADY]. 

Way. STN. Form, fashion, practice, 
habit, method [See ROAD and 

Wayward. STN. Willful, froward, 
perverse, refractory, disobedient, ob< 
stiuate, stubborn. 

ANT. Docile, manageable, amena- 

Weak. STN. Feeble, infirm, en- 
feebled, powerless, debile, fragile, 
incompact, inadhesive, pliant, frail, 
oft, tender, milk and water, flabby, 
flimsy, wishy washy, destructible, 
watery, diluted, imbecile, inefficient, 
spiritless, foolish, injudicious, un- 
sound, undecided, unconfirmed, im- 




pressible, wavering, ductile, easy, 
malleable, unconvincing, inconclu- 
sive, vapid, pointk-ss. 

ANT. Strong, vigorous, robust, mus- 
cular, nervous, powerful, tough, stout, 
lusty, sturdy, compact, adhesive, re- 
sistant, fibrous, hard, iudistruetible, 
potent, intoxicating, efficient, spirit- 
ed, animated, wise, sound, judicious, 
cogent, valid, decided, determined, 
unwavering, stubborn, unyielding, 
inexorable, conclusive, irresistible, 
forcible, telling. 

Weaken. SYN. Debilitate, enfeeble, 
enervate, dilute, impair, paralyze, 
attenuate, sap. 

ANT. Strengthen, invigorate, em- 
power, corroborate, confirm. 

Weakness. SVN. Debility, feeble- 
ness, enervation, dilution, impair- 
ment, languor, imbecility, infirmity, 
decrepitude, frailty, faintness, iucon- 
ciusiveness, worthlessness, want. 

ANT. Strength, power, nerve, spirit, 
renovation, vigor, lustiness, tone, co- 
gency, activity, conciusiveness, effi- 
ciency, value, abundance. 

Weal. SYN. Welfare, prosperity, hap- 
piness, advantage [See WELFARE and 

Wealth. SYN. Influence, riches, 
mammon, lucre, plenty, affluence, 
abundance, opulence. 

ANT. Indigence, poverty, scarcity, 

Wo a ii. SYN. Disaccustom, dishabitu- 
ate, detach, alienate, withdraw, ablac- 

ANT. Accustom, habituate, inure, 
reconcile, attach, associate,conciliute, 
enlist, draw, attract. 

Weapon. SYN. Instrument, imple- 
ment, utensil, arm. 
ANT. Shift, makeshift, contrivance. 

Wear. SYN. Carry, bear, exhibit, 
sport, consume, dou, waste, impair, 
rub, channel, groove, txcavate, hol- 
low, diminish. 

ANT. Doff, abandon, repair, reno- 
Tate, renew, increase, swell, augment. 

Wearisome. SYN. Tedious,tiresome, 
fatiguing, toilsome, laborious, annoy- 

Weary, a. SYN. Fatigued, tired, ex- 
hausted, worn, jaded, debilitated, 
pent, toil-worn, faint. 

ANT. Fresh, rigorous, recruited, 
renovated, hearty. 

Weary, r. SYN. Tire, fatigue, fag, 
jade, harass, exhaust [See TIRE]. 

Weave. SYN. Interlace, brukl, inter- 
twine, intermix, plait, complicate, in- 

ANT. Unravel, untwist, disunite, 
disentangle, extricate, simplify, enu- 
cleate, dissect. 

Weazen. SYN. Wizened, withered, 
dried up. 

ANT. Fresh, plump, fair, rounded 
out, full. 

Wed. SYN. Link, marry, espouse. 
ANT. Separate, divorce. 

Wedding. SYN. Espousals, marriage, 
nuptials [See MARRIAGE ]. 

Wedlock. SYN. Marriage, matri- 
mony, espousals, nuptials, coverture, 

ANT. Celibacy, singleness, misog- 
amy, divorce. 

"Weep. SYN. Cry, sob, bewail, lament, 
bemoan, deplore. 
ANT. Laugh (See BEWAIL]. 

AVelght. SYN. Gravity, ponderosity, 
heaviness, pressure, burden, impor- 
tance, power, influence, efficacy, con- 
sequence, moment, impressiveuess. 

ANT. Lightness, levity, portable- 
ness, alleviation, unimportance, in- 
significance, weakness, inefficacy, uu- 
impressiveuess, triviality, worthless- 

Welcome, n. SYN. Reception, saluta- 
ANT. Repudiation, repulsion. 

Welcome, a. SYN Grateful, accept- 
able, pleasant, agreeaole, gratifying, 

ANT. Unwelcome, ungrateful, unac- 
ceptable, distasteful, unpleasant, dis- 

Welfare. SYN. Well-being, weal, suc- 
cess, good fortune, prosperity, happi- 
ness, luck, thrift. 

ANT. Adversity, reverse, unsuccess, 
nnprosperousness, unhappiness, ill- 
luck, harm. hurt. 

Well. adv. SYN. Rightly, thoroughly, 

ANT. Wrongly, imperfectly, im- 

Well. a. SYN. Hale, healthy, hearty, 
sound [See HEALTHY]. 


Well-bred. SYN. Well-behaved, 
well-mannered, courteous, polite [See 

Wet. SYN. Moist, damp, humid [See 

Wheedle. SYN. Coax, cajole, decoy, 
flatter, entice, inveigle. 

ANT. Deter, chide, scare, unde- 
ceive, disabuse. 

Whereas. SYN. Since, seeing, foras- 
much as, inas