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Full text of "Complete history of the 46th regiment, Illinois volunteer infantry, a full and authentic account of the participation of the regiment in the battles, sieges, skirmishes and expeditions in which it was engaged"

COMPLETE HISTORY 

OF THE 

46th REGIMENT ILLINOIS 
VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 



A full and Authentic Account of the Participation of the 

Regiment in the Battles, Sieges, Skirmishes and 

Expeditions in which it was Engaged. 

Also a Complete Roster of the Regiment, together with Biographical 

Sketches, Photos of the Field and Staff Officers and Officers of the 

Several Companies, while serving in the 1 6th and 1 7th Army 

Corps Department of the Tennessee — Also while serving 

in the 13 th and 19th Corps Army of the Gulf. 



Sketch of the Organization of the Grand Army of the Republic with 
biography and pictures of Dr. B. F. Stephenson and Chaplain W. J. 
Rutledge of 14th 111. Inft. — founders of the Organization. 

Giving biography and portrait of Gen. John A, Logan, who was second 
Commander-in-chief of the G. A. R., who, by order, set May 30th 
as time for observance in decorating the graves of the fallen heroes. 

Giving a complete record of the Reunions of the 46th Regiment up 
to the present time. 



Short Stories as told by the Comrades. Pathetic, Laughable, Humorous 
and full of interest to every survivor of the War. 






INTRODUCTORY 




N the year 1 890 Gen. Benjamin Dornblaser commenced to 

19 gather material and biographical matter of the officers and 
I men of the 46th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with 
a view of writing a history, and drafting a plan, setting forth 
directions for the same. He collected many photographs 
and had written an outline of the causes of the war, and a 
few historical sketches of Companies E and F, in part. On 
account of the delay of comrades to respond, he failed to 
prosecute the inquiry further and for a few years the work 
was partly abandoned. At his death in 1905 the work 
was unfinished. 

In August, 1906, the present writer, Lieut. T. B. Jones, wrote 
Mrs. Benj. Dornblaser, widow of the General, who expressed an earnest 
request to take up the work and complete the same. The plans and 
specifications were diligently prosecuted with a success far beyond my ex- 
pectations. The plan for a pictorial edition, with biographies of the mem- 
bers, met with fair success, after a long and tedious correspondence with 
the comrades and with many of the sons and daughters of the deceased 
officers. 

The greatest problem has been to finance the cost of the work. 
During the Winter months of 1906 and the Spring of 1907. over 1500 
letters were sent out, soliciting subscriptions and to obtain data and a true 
biography of those living and dead. Success has crowned my efforts. I 
sincerely hope and expect that this work may be satisfactory to all com- 
rades. The object was not, by General Dornblaser, nor by me, to make 
any money from the sale of the history, but rather that a work niight be 
left to the comrades, their children and grandchildren and to the friends of 
the Regiment, telling of the organization of the different companies and 
of the long and hard service of the men composing the same. I am in- 
debted to the following persons for financial help — Gen. Smith D. Atkins, 
Capts. W. W. Krape, Reitzell. Stewart, Dr. W. P. Naramore, Hon. F. 
O. Lowden, Hon. Homer Aspinwall, Mrs. Dr. DePuy and others. 
To the follov/ing for literary and financial help— Mrs. Gen. B. Dorn- 
blaser, Mrs. Col. J. A. Davis, (now Mrs. Winship); to Capts. Lollar, of 
Olney and Cooper of Seward, Neb., who have excelled in furnishing in- 
formation and financial aid. 

It is, therefore, to the memory of this noble band of nearly 2000 
men who served so faithfully, and to the dead heroes who gave their lives, 
that this work is dedicated. 

Trusting that it will meet with favor and approval, 
THOMAS B. JONES, 

Lieut. Company B, 

Historian. 



602r,2 




GEORGE WASHINGTON 
the Father of his Country. 





ABRAHAM LINCOLN RICHARD YATES 

the Saviour of his Country War Governor of Illinois. 



PART I. 

HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 
ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 




HEN the active participants of the War of the Rebellion and 
their contemporaries have passed away, the causes which 
produced it must be sought for in history. The questions 
which will naturally present themselves to the reader of 
history will be, what was the occasion which necessitated the 
collection and calling into service the army of the Union ; 
why was it that immense armies were organized in separate sections of 
our own country and set in battle array against each other in deadly con- 
flict, a conflict which could no longer be repressed or avoided? Human 
slavery existed and was tolerated prior to the Declaration of Independence 
or of the Adoption of the Constitution, but only by State enactments was 
it given a legal status anywhere. 

The Slave States had threatened disunion for many years, only await- 
ing a pretext to bring the conspiracy to destroy the Union to its culmina- 
tion. The election of President Abraham Lincoln furnished that pretext, but 
the overt act of treason was not committed until February, 1861. Fort 
Sumter in Charleston Harbor was fired upon and at noon on the 13th 
day of that month, for the first time since the organization of our Govern- 
ment, our national ensign was struck to traitors. 

The event found the Government and the loyal States unprepared for 
war. Although secession ordinances had before been passed by Southern 
States, although public property had been seized in violation of law, and 
strange colors displayed over our southern forts, although food and rein- 
forcements for the beleaguered garrison had been driven back to sea in 
January, yet our people could not easily realize that we were, indeed, in a 
state of civil war. 



FIRST CALL FOR TROOPS. 



On the evening of April 15, 1861, the following dispatch was received : 
"Washington, April 15, 1861. His excellency Richard Yates. Call 

made on you by tonight's mail for six regiments of militia for immediate 

service. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War." 



6 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

The President on the same day issued his proclamation and, after 
stating that the laws of the United States were opposed and the execution 
thereof obstructed, called forth the militia of the several loyal States to the 
aggregate number of 75,000. The quota of Illinois was 225 officers and 
4458 men, a total of 4683. A few miserable arms and accoutrements were 
scattered through the State. There were no available efficient militia 
companies in the State and it was doubted whether there were thirty com- 
panies with any regular organizations. 

It is true there were in our principal cities and towns several inde- 
pendent militia companies, composed principally of active and enterprising 
young men, whose occasional meetings for drill were held more for exer- 
cise and amusement than from any sense of duty to the State. Many of 
these companies formed the nucleus of splendid companies which came 
promptly forward and rendered excellent service to their State and Coun- 
try. Fortunate, indeed, was it for the State and Nation that so true and 
loyal a man as Richard Yates was governor. He responded with such 
zeal and promptness to this and all other calls which followed, that he 
merited and won the honored title "War Governor," bestowed upon him by 
a grateful people. In response to this call a prompt answer was received 
from every part of the State. In ten days over ten thousand had tendered 
their services and in addition to a part of the force sent to Cairo, more 
than the full quota was in camp at Springfield. 

There were volunteers enough and a surplus on that eventful 19th 
day of April 1861, but the want of arms had become painful and alarming. 
It was on that day that Union soldiers from a sister State hastened to the 
defense of the national Capital. Here, in that din in the streets of Baltimore 
and on that day and following days, Gov. Yates' messenger, returning from 
the Capital and learning the canceled orders from the President to the com- 
manding officers at St. Louis for arms, was obliged to deny the principles of 
his manhood and aver disloyal sentiments, in order to escape the vengeance 
of an infuriated mob at that city. The State governments of Missouri, Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee were controlled by disloyal men, who insultingly re- 
fused to comply with the order of the President to furnish troops for the 
defense of the Union. On the contrary, they used all their power and in- 
fluence to incite rebellion, to furnish men, munitions and supplies for the 
enemy and, when driven from the State, entered the ranks of the con- 
federate army. 

Even in this great State of Illinois the elements of treason appeared 
and by systematic organization gave aid and comfort to the enemy. In 
fact treason was rampant in all of the Southern States, in the large cities 
and even at the Capital of the Nation the lawful authority of the govern- 
ment was defied. 

To make the situation still more serious and discouraging, the Union 
armies under t'le first call, crudely organized, undisciplined, indifferently 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



armed and commanded by officers with no military prestige or experience 
by which troops are inspired, suffered defeat in every important battle. 

On the 21st of July, 1861, the memorable battle of Bull Run was fought 
and lost, and on the next day congress authorized the President to call 
into service 500,000 troops. On the 23d Gov. Yates tendered to the Secre- 
tary of War from Illinois thirteen additional regiments of infantry, three 
additional regiments of cavalry and one additional battalion of artillery, 
saying Illinois demands the right to do her full share in the work of pre- 
serving our glorious Union from assault of highhanded rebellion. This 
tender was promptly accepted by the secretary of war with words of ap- 
preciation for the patriotic spirit evidenced by this noble offer made in 
behalf of the loyal people of Illinois. 

Under this authority and in response to this call the work of recruiting 
and organizing the several companies which constituted the 46th Volunteer 
Infantry was begun and at a time when the stimulus of Union victories 
won, the promise of support of families and of liberal bounties to be paid, 
were all lacking. Stephenson County was actively canvassed by patriotic 
men, headed by Hon. John H. Addams of Cedarville, then, a Senator in the 
Illinois State Legislature. Leaders were selected in various parts of the 
county to organize companies for active service. Public meetings were 
called, plans discussed, recruiting stations located and officers selected to 
receive, enroll and drill recruits, preparatory to going to the camp of in- 
structions or Camp Butler, Illinois. 



RECRUITING THE 46th REGIMENT. 



Stephenson County at first started to recruit three companies, viz. : Co. 
A, Capt. John Musser of Orangeville, Co. B, Capt. John A. Davis at Rock 
Grove, and Co. C, Capt. Frederick Krumme of Freeport. Later Capt. Wm. 
Young recruited Co. G, and Capt. John M. McCracken Co. K ; headquarters 
of both companies at Freeport, 111. None of the above named officers were 
selected because of their military knowledge or experience. They were 
recognized as patriotic, zealous and influential citizens, who would inspire 
confidence and respect. Early in Sept. 1861 these five companies were so 
nearly recruited that they were ordered to rendezvous at Camp Butler, 
Illinois, to be organized as the 46th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, to be 
commanded by Col. John A. Davis. Rollen V. Ankeny was made Captain 
of Co. B, vice John A. Davis promoted. Co. F 46th 111. Vol. Infantry, 
Capt. Thomas Wakefield, was recruited in Clay and Jasper counties, in 
Central Illinois, under difficulties which no other company of the Regiment 
encountered. So many of the people of these counties were opposed to the 
war that it was often dangerous to aver loyality to the Union and those 



8 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

who enlisted to serve their country in Co. F, had no assurance of protection 
for members of their families and friends but to leave them to an un- 
certain fate. It was a severe test, the application of which brought out the 
highest type of patriotic effort which endured to the men of Co. F to the 
close of the war. After the assignment of Co. F to the Regiment at Camp 
Butler in Oct., 1861, there was an interval of more than sixty days in 
which no satisfactory results could be attained toward the final organi- 
zation of the Regiment. Six companies were ready for muster, but where 
the other four companies were to be had was a mystery. Independent 
companies, that appeared from time to time, were eagerly picked up to 
complete the organization of some regiment, which lacked but one com- 
pany to complete and send it to the front. Troops were urgently called for 
field service and unnecessary delay to respond to these calls could not 
be tolerated. Scattered fragments had to be brought together and or- 
ganized into complete regiments. Col. John Dement of Dixon, Lee County, 
111., had commenced the organization of the Dement Phalanx at Dixon 
and had men enough in camp to form four companies. These were or- 
ganized into companies D, I, H and E, and consolidated with the six com- 
panies then at Camp Butler. The 46th Regiment Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry was then, on the 28th day of December, 1861, fully organized under 
the command of Col. John A. Davis of Stephenson County, Illinois, who 
labored assiduously, while the Regiment was in camp of instructions, to 
bring it up to a high state of drill and discipline with very satisfactory re- 
sults. The services of Major F. A. Starring as drill master up to this time 
were invaluable, because of his military education and experience, together 
with his patience and skill in handling new recruits. A knowledge of 
military tactics and evolutions, well systemized commissary, quartermaster 
and medical departments are necessary, but arms and suitable ammunition 
are indispensible to the efficiency of an army. Two of the companies, A 
and B, were armed with Enfield rifles soon after going into camp. Harper 
Ferry muskets, buck and ball cartridges were issued to the other com- 
panies, late in January 1862. Thus armed and equipped the 46th was ready 
to go forth to battle for the cause of the Union. 



THE RENDEZVOUS. 



Space will not permit a lengthy record to the experiences in camp. We 
were put to drill at once, and toes and heels were soon sore from the 
treading of the men before and kicks of those behind, as we marched by 
file, by flank and in line. Not having any arms at first we held our hands 
at our sides, directing our mental faculties to thie task of keeping our little 
fingers on the seams of our trouser legs and the more difficult requirements 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



of keeping step. As duty was then impressed upon us, the salvation of the 
Union seemed to depend on our fidelity in just covering the seams and 
keeping step with our front rank men or file leader, eyes fifteen paces to 
front on the ground. The men were a motley host, mostly between the ages 
of eighteen and twenty-five, full of animal life, light hearted, disposed to 
see fun in everything, and what witty things one did not think of some one 
else did. There were men of all trades and professions. There were 
athletes, who could "do" all the feats of the circus ring. There were 
clowns, too, full of a waggery that kept the camp in a roar. Tailors, bar- 
bers, expert clerks, to keep company records, teamsters, lumbermen, skilled 
with the axe ; in short, the regiment could find in its ranks men adapted to 
any service, from running or repairing a locomotive to butchering an ox. 
Only a few were slaves of drink. They became frequent tenants of the 
guard house and soon, in one way or another, got out of the service. Their 
pranks and stratagems to get liquor were many and witty ; amusing to men 
and annoying to officers. One scape-grace would make shoulder straps 
out of orange peel, pin them on his coat and stride out of the guard house, 
past the innocent sentry with the consequential air of a Maj. General, only 
to turn up a little later roaring drunk in camp. 

Life in camp was very regular. At five o'clock the reveille sounded 
and all must rise at once and bound from the little A tent in which six 
men slept in straw and blankets. As^ soon as straw and chaff could be 
combed from the hair and the soldier properly clad, the line was formed in 
each company street for roll call. A half hour was then spent in "policing" 
camp, that is, in cleaning up the streets, airing tents, blankets, etc. At half 
past six the companies formed to march to breakfast, each man armed with 
a knife, fork and tin cup. Thus they marched to the mess table, opened 
files to surround the table; the command "inward face" brought the com- 
pany in line of battle in front of rations. "Touch hats" — "Seats," was next 
ordered and executed. The rattle of knives, forks, cups and tin plates and 
the roar of a thousand voices calling in every key for "bread," "coffee," 
"water," presented a scene of very active service. 

At half past seven a tap of the drum called for squad drill. 
For an hour squads of men, nearly all the regiment, marched, filed, 
faced, turned, doublequicked, invariably holding on to the seam of the 
trouser legs, and soon became familiar with the simple movements in 
the schools of the soldier. At nine the guard mount, a pompous ceremony 
in which the Sergeant-Major and Adjutant figured as great dignitaries. At 
eleven Battalion drill for an hour gave all an insight into how much our 
company commanders did not know about war. Then dinner and some 
lolling about in the heat of the day; but two o'clock found the battalion 
again formed and executing many movements, the command and exe- 
cutions of which are long since forgotten. We drilled in Hardee's tactics, 
then thought to be the perfection of simple direct evolution. We formed 



10 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

line, advanced and retreated, changed front forward and to the rear. We 
marched in close column, formed square; we charged at double-quick and 
retreated slowly as if yielding the field inch by inch, and we kept the little 
finger on the seam of our trousers, though the sweat tickled our faces 
and the flies tortured our noses. A grateful country never fully appreci- 
ates the services and sufferings of the raw recruit. Company drill of one 
hour was one of the most important of all, for here the commanding of- 
ficers were supposed to impart to their men complete instructions, accord- 
ing to Hardee, in all the maneuvers in military instruction. This was not 
always done, for the officers, most of them, were only beginners in their 
military education, and, after they had acquired some knowledge, the 
putting into practice the different evolutions was in many cases a difficult 
task. Diligent application to this work, with the aid of a few instructors, 
soon gave them the necessary knowledge and with practice the most of them 
became well informed. Some of them made the best commanders of the 
army and made their mark in after-time in all the duties of army life. 

Dress parade came off at five o'clock. The grand ceremonial of the 
day, described by one of the wags of the regiment as & — "hard job o' 
standing still." At six o'clock supper and then the play spell of the day. 
Usually a circus was organized and the athletes of the regiment vied with 
each other, while the wags made the welkin ring with their drolleries. As 
darkness stole on the noise subsided into a hum of conversation in the 
tents, or the singing of plaintive songs, for the hallowing influence of eve 
steals over the rough soldier as well as the sentimental poet. 

At nine o'clock the tattoo was beaten, the evening roll called, then 
camp was in slumber. Boots and shoes for pillows, straw and a blanket, 
worse than a white horse in coat-shedding time, made us comfortable beds, 
whatever our opinion may have been of them in those days of our callow 
experience. 



SICKNESS IN CAMP. 



On account of changes from home life to that of camp and the inex- 
perience of young men to observe the laws of health and use moderation 
in all their daily customs of camp life, many took sick and soon the regi- 
mental hospital had its inmates. The first death in camp of the companies 
then in rendezvous was Joseph McGinnis, Co. B, Sept. 28, 1861. Measles 
made its appearance at Camp Butler some time early in the fall, and for 
lack of proper shelter much suffering was experienced. At the company 
roll call orders were given for all who in their past life had had the 
measles to step three paces to the front. Those who had them in their 
younger days promptly stepped out, bold and proud of their past ex- 
perience. The next order was, 'Orderly, take their names and make detail 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 11 

from those to attend the measly sick.' All these fellows had their first 
experience as nurses in the regimental hospital, or at some private house 
outside the camp. Many and varied were their experiences during the 
long hours of the night, which led to many acquaintances of strangers and 
many pleasant memories afterward. 



THE CHAPEL TENT, 



Chaplain David Teed returned to Freeport some time in the fall and 
solicited donations for a chapel tent. The good people responded liberally 
and soon the big tent was sent to Camp Butler for the use and comfort of 
the members of the regiment. The inexperience of any of the boys or 
the chaplain in raising or handling so big a chapel tent was regretted, but 
the chaplain, with the instructions received, felt competent to try the 
erection of the same and called for volunteers to assist. The response was 
not adequate for the work and the Colonel sent a detail to assist the 
volunteers. The big circular tent was spread out flat on the ground, the 
center pole put in place and, while this was all being arranged, the chaplain 
discovered that one of the guy ropes had become tangled under the tent 
and he volunteered to crawl under and straighten it out; but the wags of 
the regiment took advantage of this opportunity to play leap frog over the 
chaplain while thus engaged. They looked around at each other with a 
merry twinkle in their eyes and then, with motions indicating their thoughts, 
without speaking a word, many were the heads nodding consent and away 
they started with their merry making at the chaplain's discomfort and an- 
noyance. Many forgot to make the leap hard enough to go beyond the 
concealed chaplain. The consequence was that quite a number remained on 
top of the good man, who was ruffled somewhat by their taking advantage 
of this position. After extricating himself and regaining the outside, the 
boys all stood erect, awaiting his next order. One wag with his hands 
thrust deep in his trouser pockets said, "Chaplain, did you get the rope 
loosened ?" "Why, yes, it's all right now, but I expected you fellows were 
going to crush me." — Now for the raising of the center pole — then the 
ropes were adjusted and ready hands with a pull all together soon had the 
tent raised. Again the sailor element had to make an exhibition. Hand 
over hand they went on the stout stay ropes to the very top. Sunday came, 
we all marched into our fine big tent and listened to the appeals of the 
chaplain to be not only good soldiers, but to recognize in the gospel of 
Christ our ideal, and of enlisting under the banner of the cross. Many 
good and comfortable services were held in the tent while at Camp Butler. 
The tent was capable of holding 1200 to 1500 men and weighed 1580 lbs., 
and cost $350. As no provisions were made by Uncle Sam for the trans- 
portation of chapel tents, it was shipped North by Chaplain Teed. 



12 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

PRESENTATION OF REGIMENTAL COLORS. 



A little before 1 o'clock the 46th Regiment formed in line on the 
Regimental Parade Ground, headed by the band and soon after marched to 
and entered the Chapel Tent, followed by several companies of other 
regiments in camp. The band and Company A, by Capt. Musser, then 
proceeded to the Chaplain's Tent, and escorted the committee of ladies 
with the Stand of Colors, to the Chapel, where they took seats upon the 
platform. The band played a national air and then Mrs. M. M. Sheetz, in 
behalf of the ladies of Stephenson County, holding the colors in her right 
hand, made the presentation in the following words : 

CoL. Davis, Officers and Men, Soldiers, Volunteers all — to you 

Greeting : 

There is a little Province up there at the North, whose Ruler is Samuel 
down-with-the-Rebellion, Jr., a son Simon pure of our old Uncle Samuel, 
whose country seat is away down East. In that Province the hills and the 
valleys, the streams and the prairies, you know. Every farm, pleasant 
spot, or face, almost, are your acquaintances. The aged there are your 
parents — the women your wives and sisters — the little ones your children. 
To you and us that are left behind, a thousand clinging memories make it 
one of the pleasantest spots on earth. And it is these memories and as- 
sociations that started the minds of your kindred and friends on a pil- 
grimage, and finding you in the 46th Regiment at Camp Butler, they have 
sent me on an errand to you. 

You remember once a handful of people were "settled in the best of 
the land of Egypt." — Centuries later a few weary Pilgrims landed at Ply- 
mouth Rock. The one increased from a handful to millions — the other 
flourished likewise. The one resisted oppression and passed the Red Sea 
triumphantly — the other passed the Red Sea of the Revolution victoriously. 
— The one received their law, the Ten Commandments, on tables of stone, 
direct from the Great Inspirer — the other the Constitution of the United 
States on parchment, by inspiration. The one murmured that they have 
been brought out of a land of plenty and meat, to die in the wilderness, 
were given meat and died — the other ambitious, and lusting for power and 
gold, were permitted to use the flesh and blood of their fellows, to curse 
and well nigh consume them. The one worshipped the Golden Calf of 
Aaron, and three thousand fell — the other the golden calf of Mexico, and 
as many sacrifices. The one sent twelve spies to the land of Canaan, and 
but two encouraged the people to go up and possess it. Discouraged by 
the other ten the people murmured, and afterward when they would have 
gone they were attacked and smitten by their enemies — the other has sent 
out spies by the score year after year, who have devised ways and means, 
legislated for and against, but not enough Calebs and Joshuas could be 
found to lead this people out of the wilderness and subdue the enemy. 

In the one history Korah and his companions rebelled against Moses 
and the law of God — in the other, David and his minions against the chosen 
Ruler — OUR Moses — and the best Government the world ever saw. Israel 
indulged in idolatrous and unrighteous practices, and 24,000 of them were 
destroyed. We have permitted fraud, injustice and rottenness in high 
places, and have bought and sold the souls and bodies of fellow men, and 
the lives of thousands may now be the penalty. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 13 



This parallel history will be nearly complete when the battlements and 
fortifications of Charleston, Richmond, Memphis and New Orleans shall be 
the Pisgah top from which to behold the valleys and plains of a free and 
purified America, purified from treason, rebellion and oppression. And it 
is to the end that ye shall fear no tall sons of Anark that may be over in 
that land, and I bring you a God speed in the name of Stephenson County, 
and present to you this floating banner, under whose shadow you have been 
born, cradled in infancy, educated in youth, developed in manhood, and 
your fathers gathered to a peaceful rest. 

Our country, torn and bleeding, has called to you, her sons, for aid, 
and because you have heard and answered, and are here enduring toil and 
sacrifice, that we may have home and country, peace and prosperity again 
dawn — we bring you this encouragement. 

Into your hands we give it, and may a stripe never, never fade, nor a 
star dim in the sunlight of Heaven. It represents the anchor of our hope. 
It is the legacy to bequeath unspotted to our children and our children's 
children — May the color bearer plant it in the very centre and heart of the 
rebellion — a signal of Peace and Triumph, and the rebel hand wither that 
dares to pollute its purity by the touch of a finger. May it be the brazen 
serpent in the midst where all who have been bitten by the serpent se- 
cession may look and live. 

The winds of a righteous Heaven will flutter its pennon as broadly and 
bravely over a burnt or sunken Charleston, as it would in this encampment 
to day. The American Eagle which here represents us, will have his eyrie, 
and the young Eagles will perch upon our cliffs and hill tops when these 
traitors and this rebellion have done their Utmost and sunk to an infamous 
grave. Our country "E Pluribus Unum" still. 

This Flag is ample enough — embraces heart enough — soul enough — 
truth enough — enlightenment enough to float over the world. If England 
dares to interfere in this our crisis — we must conquer, though it arouse the 
world — and the perfection of the triumph of Right will be the dawn of the 
millenium, and as the dying knell of 1861 and cheering salute of 1862 is 
sounded on cannon, and musket, and sword, you are to help to sound the 
next on timbrel and harp with the united voice of our nation redeemed. 

May no untimely cry of "Forward to Richmond" trail this emblem in 
the dust; but ripe and ready for a struggle, may it inspire you with that 
vigor and strength that knows no defeat — and if a brother's hand must be 
imbued in a brother's blood, may the truth and justice here emblazoned 
have a glorious victory. If Truth is Eternal, and will survive the lapse of 
ages and the roll of time, then strike, and "On to Victory" be your guide. 

Such it is, take it, and with it go the hearts, the tears, the prayers, 
and the blessings of unnumbered loyal men and women, the sanction and 
admiration of unborn millions. 



COL. JOHN A. DAVIS' RESPONSE. 



Mrs. M. M:. Sheets and Ladies of the Committee from Stephenson 
County. 

In behalf of the members of the 46th Regiment, we accept the Stand 
of Colors presented to us from the loyal people of our homes. The colors 
placed in their hands this day should never be dishonored. And when the 



14 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Angel of Peace again hovers over the land and grim war, among the things 
that were, these banners pierced, it may be, by many a ball and stained with 
some of our best blood, but not dishonored, shall come back to you of 
Stephenson and remain among the archives to be handed down to our 
children. ' And now, boys of the 46th, these are yours — the first Stand of 
Colors ever presented to an Illinois Regiment. — And when the historian 
of this rebellion comes to write what regiment from our State was the 
bravest and best, whether he shall write it of the 46th, or of some other, is 
for you to decide. Whether he shall write our record with a glow of pride, 
or with a cheek mantled with shame, is for you to say. And now let us off 
with our hats and give the Union and three times three for our friends in 
Stephenson County and their representatives here today. 

Whereupon the whole Regiment uncovered heads and after renewing 
their allegiance, gave: "U-N-I-O-N, three times three," with right good 
will. A song — "Columbia the Gem of the Ocean," was then sung by a 
Glee Club from the Yates Sharp Shooters, 64th 111., assisted by Drum 
Major George Black and Sergeant O. B. Fowler. 

Captains Ankeny, Mtisser, Young, McCracken, Wakefield, Adj. Dom- 
blaser, Surg. DePuy, Capt. Amo, Lt. Hood, Stevens, Barr, Arnold, — all 
pledged the 46th Regiment to do themselves and their friends credit if 
called into active service. 

In conclusion the Glee Club sang another song : — "Happy Land of 
Canaan." 

1st. If you listen to my song, 
I'll not detain you long. 

And will give you no cause for complaining. 
You may join me in a shout 
When I've told you all about 
The doings in the Happy Land of Canaan. 

Chorus:— Hip! Hip! Hip! 

Hurrah ! Hurrah ! Hurrah ! 

Our colors are well worth sustaining. 

From them we'll never fly; 

But we'll conquer or we'll die 

In defense of our Happy Land of Canaan. 

2nd. There's the German Company, 
Who are fighting for the free. 
When in battle every nerve they are straining. 
When it comes to run away 
They will tell you "Nix versteh." 
They are an honor to our Happy Land of Canaan. 

3rd. Now my song is nearly done. 
But I'll tell you every one. 

You've a cause that is well worth maintaining. 
Just tell the rebels licked, 
You're the up and ready Forty Sixth, 
From Illinois in the Happy Land of Canaan. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 15 

BUILDING BARRACKS. 



Some time in the latter part of November the troops at Camp Butler 
were engaged, under direction of the war department, assisted by the State 
and Post Commander, in building Barracks near the railroad, close to Jim 
Town, some few miles east of Springfield. The men of the 46th were 
given employment as carpenters and every man that could drive a nail re- 
ported for duty. This force, in connection with other fragments of regi- 
ments, superintended by foremen, soon had enough large and commodious 
dwellings erected to shelter all the army then in camp, excepting the field 
officers, who occupied tents, which were heated by stoves. 

The troops moved in some time in December, one company occupying 
a Barrack. Bunks for sleeping were made three tiers deep on each side, 
with quarters at one end for the company officers. Stoves were placed in 
these barracks for heating the same. Tables in center served for meals, 
with board benches to sit on. Thus housed in one building gave oppor- 
tunity for many a jolly time and many were the jokes and banters engaged 
in by the men. Here, for a time, the men were in good, comfortable 
quarters and appreciated the change from the cold tents to warm and com- 
fortable dwellings. 



EXPEDITION TO SPRINGFIELD. 



Col. Davis, always ready and resourceful to give lessons in army duty, 
whereby the men could get experience in marching, gave the Regiment an 
outing by marching to the Capital City and back. Knapsacks, haversacks 
and canteens, guns and accoutrements, all in army array, with necessary 
rations, which made quite a heavy load for the inexperienced soldier. 
Many halts were made by the way to rest the men and have them in good 
shape to parade the streets of the city. Here Gov. Richard Yates gave the 
Regiment a talk, complimenting them on their soldierly appearance and 
warm words of praise for having enlisted for the maintenance of the 
Union. There were no casualties from the effect of this outing, only tired 
feelings, from being too heavily loaded. The return to Camp was accom- 
plished without any noted incident, the young men teasing each other for 
some omission, such as falling in ranks after resting and forgetting to take 
their guns along. 



COMPANY COOKS. 



The company cook ranked very high in the army and while not always 
the cleanest about his culinary duties, the average young soldier was al- 
ways ready to give him a warm greeting for some delicacy provided for 



16 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

the table. The inexperience of the cooks was some cause for complaint, 
while most of them tried hard to acquire a better knowledge in the way to 
prepare the army rations and have them palatable to the Soldiers. The 
experience of the cooks in time made them the most respected individuals, 
while they, in turn, were glad to receive the praise of their mess mates in 
their efforts to become proficient. 

At first each company ate all at one table, supervised under direction 
of a Duty-Sergeant, but later divided into fewer messes, with a Duty- 
Sergeant at the head of each mess to adjust the affairs and to see that 
everything was kept in order. As in drill, the cooks had acquired the habit 
of holding their fingers on the seams of their trousers; not only their 
fingers, but often the whole hand, and to avoid soiling the trousers, aprons 
were used to protect the seams. Good cooks were very necessary on ac- 
count of having the food properly cooked, this insuring the general health 
of the men. At first the change was so great and the regular allowance 
sometimes was not enough to satisfy the craving appetite of the young 
man, Maj. Starring remarked: "The boys must have plenty of exercise in 
drill in order to digest the strong food." 



COLONEL DAVIS' SURPRISE. 



Col. Davis met with a surprise at Camp Butler; he was really taken, 
not by the rebels — but by surprise. Comrade DeArmit of Freeport, mounted 
on a fine charge, rode into Camp, announced to the Colonel that the horse 
was a gift from the Colonel's friends in Freeport and Stephenson County. 
Col. Davis responded feelingly, saying: "I take this horse only as the 
property of the 46th Regiment. As long as I live this horse shall never 
fall into the hands of the rebels." Then the boys gave three cheers for 
our friends at home and three for the Colonel — and the U-N-I-O-N cheer 
of the 46th Regiment. 



The ladies who left Camp Butler and accompanied the Regiment as 
far as Decatur were Mrs. Col. Davis, Mrs. Major Domblaser, Mrs. Dr. 
DePuy, Mrs. Capt. Musser, Mrs. Capt. Hughs, Mrs. Bradshaw and a num- 
ber of others. 



THE SHAM BATTLE BETWEEN THE 46TH and 49TH 
ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 



This noted event was planned by the officers of the respective regi- 
ments. Great preparations were made for the contest, for such it was to 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 17 

be. to see which commander in an engagement kept the advantage in mili- 
tary maneuvers. Soon after dinner one fine autumn day found the members 
of the 46th marching toward the Sangamon River. Every soldier, extract- 
ing the ball from the cartridge, making his whole box of ammunition all 
blanks. The 49th also were in same condition, with only blanks. After 
marching and maneuvering the 46th. the commanding ofiEicers, Col. John 
A. Davis, Lieut.-Col. Wm. O. Jones and Major F. A. Starring, halted the 
regiment. Skirmishers were sent out. Companies A and B, who soon lo- 
cated the enemy, for this the 49th were represented to be. After reporting 
to the Colonel the position of their battle line, orders were given to change 
the front and by quick movements get on the flank of the enemy. The 49th 
quickly changed in order to meet the foe and waited for any change in 
battle array. 

Now the 49th changed position to flank the 46th, but this, too, was met 
by a movement by this regiment. Meanwhile the skirmishers on both 
sides became hotly engaged, which brought on a general engagement along 
the whole line. The medical department, assisted by the musicians, were 
on hand and persuaded some of the men to be carried away on stretchers. 

Soon the bugle sounded for the charge and here, on the beautiful banks 
of the Sangamon River, two apparently hostile forces were hotly engaged. 
The noise of battle was all that could be expected, for the old Harper 
Ferry Muskets, on both sides, were quite loud in their sounding qualities. 
Men yelled and cheered and, as they neared the enemy, some fell over ap- 
parently dead, while others took up the role of wounded. 

The 49th made a dash on the left and captured some of the commis- 
sioned officers, before their men realized what was going on, while the 46th 
succeeded in capturing prisoners and taking them to the rear. But the 
result of all this was to give the men and officers the experience of chang- 
ing positions to take advantage of the enemy. 

Near sundown found the two regiments marching to camp, led by fife 
and drum, all in the best of humor and feeling that they had received some 
lessons in the movements of troops in war. But, alas, if the Shams only 
were necessary for putting down the rebellion, how different the results 
would have been to all of us. 

The members of both regiments were tired and found every one ready 
for supper, which the company cooks had prepared for the men. Maj. F. 
A. Starring was called the Grayhound, because he could keep up the regi- 
mental drill indefinitely and not get tired. The 49th was commanded by 
Col. Wm. R. Morrison, of Waterloo, Lieut. Col. Phineas and Maj. Wm. 
Moore, who served with distinction at Donelson and Shiloh. 



18 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

BIOGRAPHY OF GENERALS AND FIELD AND 
STAFF OFFICERS. 



ULYSSES S. GRANT. 



Ulysses S. Grant was born in Clermont County, Ohio, April 27, 1822. 
In 1839, at the age of 17, he was admitted to the Military Academy at West 
Point, passing a thorough examination, and was admitted into the fourth 
class, his studies consisting of mathematics, English grammar, including 
etymological and rhetorical exercises, composition, declamation, geography 
of the United States, the French language, and the use of small arms. In 
1840, he was advanced to the third class, ranking as Corporal in the Cadet 
Battalion. In 1841 he passed into the second class, and in 1842 entered 
the first and final class, ranking as a commissioned officer. He graduated 
on June 30, 1843, standing No. 21 in a class of 39. 

The trouble with Mexico continuing, his regiment was ordered to join 
the army of occupation, concentrating under General Taylor on the border 
of Mexico, where he received the grade of 2nd Lieutenant, Sept. 30, 1845, 
and was assigned to the 7th U. S. Infantry. 

Upon personal solicitation he was permitted to remain with the 4th. On 
the 8th of May, 1846, he participated in the battle of Palo Alto, and on the 
9th in that of Resaca de la Palma, and in the operations of Gen. Taylor 
along the Rio Grande. Sept. 23rd he participated in the operations against 
Monterey. The 4th was transferred to the command of Gen. Scott and took 
part in the siege of Vera Cruz. He was appointed Quartermaster of his 
regiment, a position he held until the occupation of the city of Mexico. 
At the battle of Molino del Rey, Sept. 8, 1857, his bravery was so con- 
spicuous that he was made a 1st Lieutenant on the field. His gallant 
bearing at Chapultepec is especially noted in the report of his superiors and 
for it he received the brevet of Captain in the Regular Army. In 1850 or 
1851 his regiment was ordered to Oregon, with headquarters at Dallas. 
Here he received his full promotion to Captain of Infantry, dating August 
1853. He soon after resigned and entered civil life July 31, 1854. Having 
married Miss Dent of St. Louis he settled near the city and devoted him- 
self to farming. 

In 1859, his father, brother and he himself opened a leather store in the 
city of Galena, Illinois. In April 1861 he tendered his services to Gov. 
Yates, stating that he had been the recipient of a military education at 
West Point, he thought it his duty to offer his services in defense of the 
Union and that he would esteem it a privilege to be assigned to any po- 
sition where he could be useful. He was assigned a desk in the executive 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 19 

office to assist the Adjutant General of the State. He was assigned the 
camps of organizations at Camp Yates, Springfield ; Camp Grant, Mattoon, 
Camp Douglas and other Camps in Illinois, where the first troops were 
organized. He was commissioned Colonel of the 21st 111. Regiment, stationed 
at Mattoon, to take rank from the 15th day of June, 1861. His history after 
this is set forth in all the leading works and official reports of the army, 
and is among the most brilliant achievements of any General in the world. 
The account carries the reader from Cairo, 111., to the surrender at Appo- 
mattox, Va., of the laying down the arms of that vast army of General 
Robert E. Lee, and the final close of the war. 

He was a leader of men and well he chose his subordinates, Sherman, 
Sheridan, McPherson, and many others, who acted in harmony and gave 
him loyal support. Representative E. B. Washburn, of Illinois, in the 
House of Representatives presented the measure creating the rank of Lieut. 
General of the army. President Lincoln knew whom to appoint without 
any prompting. 

He served two times as President of the United States with great 
ability and was loved and honored by all the people of these United 
States and received the homage and attention at the courts of all the lead- 
ing monarchs during his trip around the world. 

Gen. Grant died July 23, 1885, at Mt. McGregor, N. Y., from the eflfects 
of a cancer, at the age of 63 years. 



GENERAL JOHN McARTHUR. 



General John McArthur was bom in the parish of Erskine, Renfrew- 
shire, Scotland, Nov. 16, 1826, was sent to school at an early age and was 
an apt scholar. He attracted the notice of the parish minister, who desired 
to educate him for the ministry. The boy had a mechanical turn of mind 
and was fond of work in his father's shop. In his own words at that time 
he prepared to be "Jack the Smith," rather than the Rev. John McArthur. 
At the age of 23 he emigrated to the prairies of Illinois, where he was em- 
ployed as foreman in Cobb's boiler foundry in Chicago. In 1852 he formed 
a copartnership with his brother-in-law, Carl Mason, a blacksmith and 
boiler maker, where he laid the foundation of his future brilliant career. 

Prior to the outbreak of the war he took a deep interest in our citizen 
soldiery, and was elected 1st Lieut, of the Chicago Highland Guards and 
soon after Captain. 

When the war broke out he at once enlisted in the service and served 
with distinction at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg and many other 
campaigns. Commanded the division from Vicksburg in May, 1864, in 
which the 46th participated and where Gen. Dornblaser commanded a 
brigade. The service of General McArthur throughout the war was 
marked for its able and brilliant Generalship. 



20 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

MAJOR GENERAL STEPHEN A. HURLBUT. 



General Hurlbut was from the outset an officer of ability and terrible 
earnestness. He struck hard and telling blows against the foes of his 
government, but none against his friends. He won distinction on the field. 
His division was first to land and hold Pittsburg Landing and in the 
desperate conflict the "Fighting Fourth" was as a wall of steel. None of 
its regiments lost their organization or failed to rally to the colors. It is 
not claiming too much to say, that to him is due the brilliant success of the 
fight of Hatchie. Subsequently, while in command of the 16th Army Corps 
with headquarters at Memphis, there were 79,000 men on its rolls. 

He was a man of great executive ability and was placed in command 
at Memphis and afterwards at New Orleans, where he proved to be the 
man for the several places. It may be that his fiery earnestness was partly 
due to his intimate knowledge of the people of the South, for he was born 
in Charleston, S. C, Nov. 29, 1815. The son of a Unitarian clergyman, 
he received a good education and then studied law in the office of James 
L. Pettigrew in Charleston, and in the nest of nullification and treason he 
practiced law several years. 

During the Florida war he entered with the six months' volunteers as 
Sergeant in a company of militia and came out Lieutenant on the staff. 
He had the good sense to see that, for a man of active temperament and 
strong convictions, there was ampler scope and better opportunity in the 
great fields of the Northwest. In 1845 he removed to Illinois and settled 
at Belvidere, Boone County, and engaged in his profession, occasionally 
mingling in politics, being a prominent member of the State Constitution 
Convention in 1847. President Lincoln knew him well and selected him 
as one of the first Generals chosen from civilians. 

He entered the service in the formation of the 15th 111. Infantry and 
was commissioned a Brigadier General May 17, 1861, by the President, and 
was assigned command of the 4th Division under Gen. Grant. 

While other troops fought the bloody battle of Corinth Maj. Gen. 
Hurlbut marched from Bolivar and with Maj. General Ord fell upon the 
enemy's rear at the Hatchie. For meritorious service at Shiloh, he was 
commissioned Maj. General. General Hurlbut was the first commander- 
in-chief of the G. A. R. Was appointed minister resident to the United 
States of Columbia by President Grant. In 1881 Gen. Hurlbut was ap- 
pointed United States Minister to Peru and died at Lima in the Spring of 
the following year. Abraham Lincoln once said that, "Stephen A. Hurlbut 
was the ablest orator on the stump that Illinois had ever produced." 





GEX. ULYSSES S. GRANT 



GEX. JOHN McARTHUR 

who commanded the Expedition to Yazoo 

City in May, 1864. 





GEN. S. A. HURLBUT 
Commander of 4th Division. 



GEN. J. C. VEATCH 
Commander of 2nd Brigade at Shiloli. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 21 

GENERAL JAMES C. VEATCH. 



General James C. Veatch was born in Harrison county, Indiana, De- 
cember 19, 1819, and was therefore 76 years and 2 days old at the time of 
his death, Dec. 21, 1895. Until the death of his father, who variously had 
removed to Meade county, Ky., Spencer county, and New Albany, where 
he died in 1844, he had resided with him. By this time Gen. Veatch had 
received a meagre education from the public schools, and returning to 
Rockport in 1835, he farmed two years when he again resumed his edu- 
cational pursuits in the Rockport schools. In 1838 he taught his first school 
in Luce township, and in 1839 was appointed principal of the Rockport 
seminary. He was elected auditor three years, in which capacity, with 
much ability, he served three consecutive terms. 

When thirty-six years of age he began the practice of law. In the fol- 
lowing years he was defeated for congress on the republican ticket, this 
being at that time a strong democratic district, but his personal force of 
character and personal popularity made him run exceptionally well. It 
was during this campaign that he met Gov. Willard and his Lieutenant 
Governor in joint debate. In shirt sleeves, with one suspender hanging 
down, with surprising eloquence and argumentative power, he proved to 
be an over match for his two opponents and amid the wildest enthusiasm 
he won laurels of victory. Though defeated for congress, the following 
year he was elected representative from this county. 

The war having broken out troops were quickly mustered and he was 
appointed colonel of the Twenty-fifth Regiment Indiana Infantry. During 
the civil struggle the rank of brigadier and major general were bestowed 
upon him, for his genius and valor soon commended itself to those in power. 

In 1868 he was again defeated for congress. In 1869 he was appointed 
adjutant general of Indiana by Gov. Baker, and in 1870 collector of in- 
ternal revenue for the first district. 

Gen. Veatch attended, as a delegate, the conventions that nominated 
Lincoln for president in 1860, and Blaine in 1884. He was also a presi- 
dential elector the same year. 

July 2, 1889, he married Eliza J. Anderson, by whom he became the 
father of nine children, six of whom surviving to mourn his death. 

Gen. Veatch was a man of rare intellectual powers, and as a politi- 
cian, soldier and citizen was a splendid type of American brains and heart. 
No doubt had he resided in a more favorable portion of the state he would 
have become a congressman and United States senator for which high 
offices he was as eminently fitted as any who have represented his State at 
this National capital. 

In his death Rockport has lost another of her best citizens, and the 
State one of whom she may feel proud, and whose death will be mourned 
by all. 



22 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

He commanded the 2nd Brigade in Hurlbut's division at Shiloh and 
for a considerable time after. The Brigade consisted of the 25th Ind., 14th, 
15th and 46th 111., and after the battle of Shiloh the 53rd Indiana was 
added, Gen. Gresham's Regiment. He was a warm friend of the 46th 111., 
and at the charge on Fort Blakely, Ala., he chose the 46th III, and entered 
into the charge in company with this regiment, and was well up to the 
advance line when the works were taken. 



CYRUS HALL. 



Cyrus Hall was born in Fayette county, Illinois, Aug. 29, 1822. John 
Hall was a Kentuckian by birth. He was one of the pioneers of the State 
of Illinois, and settled in Fayette county about the time the State was ad- 
mitted into the Union. Cyrus Hall, while a resident of Fayette county, en- 
listed as a soldier in the Mexican war, and was a Lieutenant in Col. Ferris 
Foreman's regiment. He came to Shelbyville in 1860, and engaged in 
hotel keeping. He was in that business when the late civil war broke out. 
As soon as the first gun was fired on Fort Sumter, he became aroused, and 
with patriotic ardor commenced raising and organizing a company of sol- 
diers ; the first company raised in the county, to go to the relief of the 
Union. He was elected Captain, and his company became a part of the 
fourteenth regiment 111. Inft. commanded by John M. Palmer. He partici- 
pated with his regiment in the battles of Shiloh, Donelson, siege and cap- 
ture of Vicksburg and Jackson, Miss., where he commanded the 2nd 
Brigade, 4th Div., 17th Army Corps, Mission Ridge, Corinth, Stone River, 
and numerous other battles of less note, and remained in the service over 
four years, or, until the close of the war. Captain Hall was promoted to 
the Colonelcy of the regiment and was breveted for meritorious and gallant 
service on the field of battle. He was one of the bravest among the brave, 
and was always at the front and head of his command in the thickest of 
the fight. He escaped unscratched and returned home at the close of the 
war and engaged in the furniture trade. 

A few years after, he was appointed postmaster at Shelbyville, and 
held that office for over ten years and up to the time of his death, which 
occurred September 6th, 1878. 

On the 10th of April, 1849, he married Margaret Jane Knight; she 
was born Dec. 9, 1824, and died Feb. 23, 1867. By this union there were 
seven children. On the 14th of Aug., 1867, he married Miss Sarah Lowe. 
By this marriage there were two children, both daughters. 

Gen'l. Hall was a devoted and consistent member of the M. E. 
Church, and was also a Mason. He was domestic in his character and 
loved his home and family. His death was a sad loss to his family and 
to the community. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 23 

COL. JOHN A. DAVIS. 



Col. John A. Davis was born in Meadville, Pa., 1824. He was the son 
of Horatio Gates Davis, a man who was prominent in the early political 
history of his country. He removed to Rock Run, Stephenson Co., when 
John was aged 14. He was one of the first early settlers. All the school 
education that John ever received was previous to his coming to Illinois 
and yet, when he died, few men of his age were so well versed in the history 
of this country — so deeply read in political science, so intimate with all 
branches of knowledge as he. He was in every sense of the word a self 
made man. In 1849 he was married to Amy Springer of Rock Run, for- 
merly of Franklin Co., N. Y., whom he left a widow with two children. 
Two other children have gone before to welcome their father to the 
brighter land. Col. Davis was a farmer and was one of those men who 
have raised themselves to positions of honor by their own efforts. Well 
read, industrious, active and energetic, he was a chosen leader in his party 
and has often held positions of honor and trust. As a member of the leg- 
islature for years he was known throughout the state. Among his con- 
stituents no man was more popular than he. ' But beloved and honored he 
has gone. He has fallen a victim to the most wicked rebellion the world 
ever witnessed. He has given his life in vindication of the principles he 
held dear. 

Among the victims at the battle of Hatchie, Oct. 5th,- '62, was one of 
Stephenson's noblest sons and purest patriots. The gallant, the gifted, the 
brave, the honest John A. Davis, Colonel of the 46th Regiment. The news 
of his death filled all hearts with sorrow and draped the whole community 
in mourning. He was one who was near and dear to the hearts of all our 
people. The regard felt for him was more than that of friendship and 
esteem. He was loved by the people for his many virtues and able qualities, 
and loved as a brother by those who knew him well — who knew him as he 
was. Those who have known him intimately, known him in social and 
political life, known him as a public servant and private citizen, will all 
agree with us when we say that his was a rare character. Guided purely 
by a sense of strictest integrity and actuated by love of humanity, broad 
and deep, John A. Davis was one who whether in public or private life, 
knew no policy but honesty. Basing his opinions on premises that his 
judgment pronounced to be correct and just he was firm as a rock in main- 
taining them. When this unholy rebellion broke out he devoted his best 
energies to arousing the patriotism of the people until at last he volun- 
teered himself and was chosen Captain of Co. B. And when the 46th was 



24 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

organized, in which were 5 companies from Stephenson Co., he was chosen 
Colonel. He never returned to his home even for a day after he left for 
the war, until he returned severely wounded after the battle of Shiloh. He 
expressed himself that when he left old Stephenson Co., it was with a 
determination never to return until the rebellion was crushed, unless 
among those known as killed or wounded. How he kept that resolution we 
all know. Never, until he had come near to death's door, hovering for a 
time between life and eternity and only conquering death by his indom- 
itable will did he leave his regiment. Then he came to us with his right 
arm useless and his whole constitution shattered and weakened and was wel- 
comed home to recruit. The hearts of the people overflowed with love for 
the brave man who had sacrificed so much in their behalf and there was a 
general feeling that, crippled as he was, he had done all in the service that 
he ought to do and should be allowed to remain at home with his friends 
and family and seek to regain his lost health. A generous people, ready to 
bestow upon him any gift in their power, offered to him their support for 
a seat in congress which he refused to accept. Said he : "Until this terrible 
struggle for national existence shall have ceased, I can be of more service 
to my country in following the torn banners of my regiment and sharing 
the danger, the perils and the glory of those who are left of the gallant and 
brave men, who followed me in the smoke and fire of battle at Donelson 
and Shiloh, than I could as a member of congress." His resolution was 
unalterable and they were not allowed to use his name. Soon after, in 
spite of all remonstrances, for it was felt that he was imable to do duty 
and ought not in justice to himself to return, having the use of only one 
arm and being by no means strong and hearty, he returned to his regiment 
by whom he was warmly welcomed. Welcomed as one loved and long absent 
is always welcomed by those to whom he is dear. After his return was the 
engagement at Hatchie in which he was the first to fall, mortally wounded, 
and was carried back to Bolivar, Tenn., to die. He was sensible to the last 
and cool, calm and resigned. In those last hours the same reliant character 
distinguished him that was ever his own. He died as he had lived, full of 
that noble charity, that generous sympathy, that strong sense of justice, that 
faith in the right and the true, that love of humanity and liberty that marks 
and characterizes the true practical christian. 

Col. John A. Davis died Oct. 10, 1862, at Bolivar, Tenn. His remains 
were taken to Freeport, 111., and the funeral held in the 1st Presbyterian 
Church. The services were conducted by Chaplain Teed, assisted by Rev. 
Mr. Carey and Rev. Mr. Weldon. The pall bearers were : Dr. W. P. 
Naramore, Edward Pratt, S. White, D. Bellman, F. Eggert, T. Seeley, Dr. 
Hammell, L. Goodrich, Mr. Marsh. E. Long, E. Clark, Garrod Baker. 

The Colonel's horse with trappings was led in the funeral procession. 
The sun was setting as the last ceremonies were performed and the honored 
dead left to sleep calmly in his quiet resting place. 





GEN. JACOB G. LAUMAN 



COL. CYRUS HALL 
14th Reg. 111. Col. Inft., who commanded 
the 2nd Brigade at the siege of Vicks- 
burg and Jackson, 1863. 





COL. JOHN A. DAVIS 
died Oct. 10th, 1862, from wound. 



GEN. BENJ. DORNBLASER 



PLATE III 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 25 

POEM READ AT FUNERAL. 



In Memoriam 
ON Death of Col. John A. Davis. 
Move softly, o numbers, a hero has fallen ! 
Move soft o'er the name of the true and the brave ; 
A freeman who nobly went forth to the battle, 
Whose country but gave him a warrior's grave. 

O Goddess ! whose crown is all starry with splendor. 
Whose eyes look aloft on the eagle we prize ; 
Whose feet hold beneath them the stain of our banner. 
That now on the skies of our freedom low lies. 

What more would you ask to appease your proud anger, 
Than lives of the bravest e'er loyalty knew? 
Pray Heaven to rescue our homes ere the loyal — 
Have spent all their tears for the good and the true. 



GEN. BENJAMIN DORKBLASER. 



Benjamin Dornblaser was born in Northampton county, Pa., Oct. 12, 
1828. When a young man he moved from Pennsylvania to Illinois. 

He added to a good common school education by becoming a student 
at Mount Morris, 111., Seminary. Skilling himself as a surveyor, he com- 
bined surveying and farming in Stephenson county, until the fall of 1861. 

On Oct. 11th of that year, at Freeport, he enlisted as a soldier of the 
Union and was commissioned Adjutant of the 46th III. Infantry, and was 
mustered Oct. 15, 1861. Before marching Southward to the theater of war, 
he was promoted to Major, Feb'y. 8, 1861. He participated in siege and 
battle of Fort Donelson; was engaged in the battle of Shiloh, April 6, 
1861, where he was severely wounded in the shoulder joint of the arm. 
The bullet was never removed. Following this he went home on leave of 
absence, until the wound was sufficiently healed to permit him to partici- 
pate in active duty. On Oct. 25, 1861, was mustered as Colonel of the 
Regiment and again took his place with the Regiment as its commander. 
In 1863 he took part in the siege of Vicksburg, participated in the expe- 
dition from Vicksburg to Jackson and the siege of the latter place, from 
July 12 to 16. Sept. 8, 1863, he was in command of the Regiment on an 
expedition into Louisiana, where he was assigned command of Brigade. 

Some time in December, 1863, General Order 191, A. G. O., Washing- 
ton, D. C, relating to reenlisting veteran volunteers, was received. General 



26 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Dornblaser took an active part in the enrollment and was so successful that, 
by order of Maj. Gen'l. McPherson, corps commander, the Regiment was 
ordered home on veteran furlough to Freeport, 111. While home Gen. 
Dornblaser was active and with the assistance of many of the influential 
citizens, was successful in recruiting enough to fill the ranks again. On 
May 4, 1864, General Dornblaser commanded the 1st Brigade, consisting of 
the 46th 111. Inft. and the 76th 111. Inft. on the expedition to Yazoo City, 
under command of Gen. McArthur, and was temporarily in command of 
the Division, while General McArthur went to Yazoo City to communicate 
with General Slocum. He commanded a Brigade at Jackson Cross Roads, 
a few miles West of Jackson, Miss., during the early part of July, 1864. On 
the expedition from Port Hudson, La., General Dornblaser commanded the 
1st Brigade, consisting of the 46th 111, 76th 111., 8th and 11th 111., and the 
7th and 30th Missouri Infantry. Early in Dec. 1864 Gen. Dornblaser com- 
manded a Brigade, going east from Memphis, Tenn., as follows, 8th, 11th 
and 46th III. Inft. On May 18, General Dornblaser was again assigned to 
the command of the 2nd Brigade and ordered to Shreveport, La., to receive 
the surrender of General Kirby Smith's Trans-Mississippi Rebel Army. 

He was mustered out with his regiment at Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 20, 
1866, and received his final discharge and pay at Springfield, 111., Feb. 1, 
1866. On Feb. 20, 1865, he was brevetted Brigade General, and on the 13th 
of March following received the additional brevet of Major General for 
gallant and meritorious services during the war. The latter honor was 
one bestowed on but few Colonels. 

Returning from the war to his home in Stephenson County, 111., he 
engagaed in the grain business at Dakota, 111. He filled, for a time, the 
place of warden of the Illinois penitentary at Joliet, III, 1867 to 1869. 
Moving to Assumption, Christian County, that State, he was elected a re- 
presentative to the Legislature from a Democratic county, though an 
ardent Republican. 

Gen. Dornblaser moved from Illinois to Kansas with his family, the 
latter part of 1875, locating at Fredonia and lived there to the time of his 
death, April 9th, 1905. From the date of arrival in Kansas he became 
imbued with the spirit of progress, the building up of the town and the de- 
velopment of the county. He joined enthusiastically in every effort to secure 
a railroad and successive failures did not abate his ardor. Engaging in his 
chosen profession of civil engineering, in which science he was notably well 
equipped, his abilities were called in requisition by railroad companies, not 
only in Illinois and Kansas, but Nebraska. Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, 
Montana, Oregon, Missouri, Arkansas and other parts of the country. He 
was chief engineer in establishing the line and directing the construction 
of the Leroy and Caney Valley railroad (Mo. Pacific), from Roper to Peru. 
His Railroad engineering work is as follows : Kansas, St. Louis and San 
Francisco, year 1879; Leroy & Caney Valley, Mo. Pacific, 1886. Illinois 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 27 

and Oklahoma — Preliminary survey for proposed railroad; Missouri & 
Arkansas — Branch of St. Louis and San Francisco in 1879 and '80; Ne- 
braska, Utah, Colorado— Union Pacific, 1881, '82, '83 ; Idaho— Oregon Short 
Line; Louisiana — New Orleans & Northwestern, 1889; Land surveying in 
Kentucky. 

In 1884 General Dornblaser was chosen county commissioner, becom- 
ing chairman of the board and in 1887 was reelected. It was during his 
service as commissioner that the present Wilson county courthouse was 
erected and when the district court met for the first time in the new edifice, 
Sept. 13, 1887, Gen. Dornblaser on the occasion of formalities, which im- 
plied the nature of dedicatory ceremonies, presented the handsome and 
spacious court chamber to Judge Stillwell.,; General Dornblaser has filled 
the position of country surveyor for many years ; he served from 1879 to 
1904. 

In distinction as a brave and faithful soldier — defender of his country , 
in lofty inflexible and unalloyed Americanism , in all the official positions 
he honorably filled , in the many parts he unselfishly performed as an enter- 
prising, public spirited and ever helpful private citizen ; in his constant 
and heartfelt interest in the welfare of his. old comrades in arms, and his 
charitable impulses toward persons in misfortune; in a career of useful- 
ness, uprightness, integrity and good deeds modestly done — no one in Kan- 
sas has surpassed General Dornblaser. As husband and father his relations 
proved the affection, gentleness and fidelity of a steadfast nature and the 
deep love of a tender and generous heart. The bereaved household have 
abundant consolation in their sorrow in the perfect consciousness that he 
who has departed has left a memory, which they can ever sacredly revere 
and the legacy of a name of which they may always be sincerely proud. jThe 
surviving wife, now in her 74th year, is deprived of one to whom she has 
been maritally united for more than fifty-two years, and the sundering of 
the long ties is peculiarly pathetic. Three daughters and two sons mingle 
their tears with those of the bereft wife and venerable mother, viz. Marga- 
ret Dornblaser, Mrs. Emma F. Moore, Mrs. G. G. Kennedy, Geo. and 
John Dornblaser. 

A coincidence in the date of General Dornblaser's death at the age of 
76 years, 5 months, 29 days is noted. He died April 9, 1905, the anniversary 
of the charge on Fort Blakely, the last battle of the war of the rebellion 
and in which he was engaged, and also the date of General Lee's surrender 
at Appomattox. The funeral was held at the Dornblaser residence, Tues- 
day afternoon, the 11th. Old soldiers acted as pallbearers and gave escort, 
while a column of veterans marched to the cemetery behind the hearse, ac- 
companied by the Knight Templars, who held ceremonies at the grave. 
The funeral service was conducted by Rev. H. W. Chaffee. 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT. 



The following resolutions were adopted bv the Fredonia Phil Harvey 
Post No. 98 G. A. R., May 7th, 1905. 

Whereas, Comrade Benjamin Dornblaser, late Col. of the 46th Regt. 
III. Vol. Inf. and by Brevets, Brigadier and Major General of volunteers 
has answered the last roll call on earth, and we trust mustered on the 
shores of eternal peace. Therefore, be it resolved that in his death this 
Post has sustained an irreparable loss, this department of the G. A. R. 
its most illustrious member, this nation one of its bravest and worthiest 
defenders, his widow and children a loving husband and father, and this 
community a citizen whose honor and integrity were above reproach. 

Resolved that we as members of Phil Harvey Post realizing that no 
more will our dear comrade fill his accustomed place in our ranks, that no 
more will his loved voice recall to us the memories and incidents of the 
great struggle in which he and we were participants, that no more will he 
with loving heart- and willing hand take part in our beautiful memorial 
services which to him was ever a loyal and sacred duty, do hereby tender 
our sincere and heartfelt sympathy and condolence to the bereaved widow 
and children of our late comrade, trusting an all wise Providence who lets 
not even the sparrow fall without his notice, will soothe and comfort them 
in this sad hour of their bereavment. 

Resolved, that as a special token of our respect and sorrow for our late 
comrade, the Quartermaster's desk be draped for 30 days with the Post 
colors and crape. 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the records 
of the Post, a copy be engrossed and delivered to the widow and family 
and a copy be given our local papers for publication. 

C J. BUTIN, P. C. 
attest: B. F. Fowler, E. H. Bailey. A. Welty, Committee. 



LIEUT. COL. JOHN J. JONES. 



The subject of this sketch was born in Wales, England, and came to 
the United States when a boy and located at Dodgeville, Wis., where he 
was engaged as a clerk at Todd's store and soon afterwards became part- 
ner in the mercantile business. In 1850 he and his partner closed out their 
store and went to California, prospecting and seeking to better their financial 
conditions. After remaining a few years, they returned to Illinois and 
engaged in the lumber trade at Fulton, 111. Here he was married some few 
years before the outbreak of the war. He entered the service from Fulton 
City, 111., some time in Sept., 1861, or early part of October. He was about 
35 years old and became identified as a member of Co. H and was in- 
strumental in recruiting the four Companies encamped at Dixon, 111. Was 
recommended by the officers of these companies to the position of Lieut. 





JOHN J. JONES 
Brevet Colonel. 



MAJOR JOHN M. McCRACKEN 





MAJOR JOSEPH CLINGMAN 
46th Regiment. 



FRED. A'. STARRING 
Major 46th and Col. 72nd Illinois Reg. 



PLATE IV 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 29 

Colonel on the consolidation of the six companies at Camp Butler, with 
the four from Dixon. 

John J. Jones was commissioned by Gov. Yates Jan. 1, 1862, as Lieut. 
Colonel of the 46th 111. Infantry. He was engaged in every battle and 
marched with the regiment during the entire service. He commanded the 
regiment at battle of Shiloh, after Col. Davis and Col. Dornblaser were 
wounded. At the battle of Matamora, on the Hatchie river, he took com- 
mand of the regiment after Col. Davis was mortally wounded and acquitted 
himself honorably, leading the regiment with courage and bravery. He 
was a leading factor in all the sieges and marches, commanded the regi- 
ment on the Yazoo expedition in May 1864, Col. Dornblaser having charge 
of the brigade. At the battle of Jackson Cross Roads, in July 1864, he 
again commanded the regiment and received the commendation of his 
superior officers. Most of the time after this, to the close of service, he 
had command of the regiment. Gen. Dornblaser commanding brigade. He 
was brevetted Colonel, June 19, 1865, for meritorious services during his 
service. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. 

On his arrival home he was appointed by the President Commissioner 
of Customs at Chicago, 111., serving with ability and honor. He died some 
few years after his return from the service from consumption. He was 
brave and courageous under the most trying circumstances and was never 
known to hesitate to go where duty called him; kind and considerate, al- 
ways looking after the comfort and the wants of his men. He was not 
strict in discipline, but when duty called him into danger, the members of 
the regiment knew that to follow would lead them on to victory. For his 
many acts of kindness the comrades will always hold him in loving remem'- 
brance. 



MAJOR FRED. A. STARRING. 



Maj. Fred. A. Starring was a graduate of West Point, entered the 
service at Camp Butler, III, and was assigned to the 46th Regiment, as 
Major. Sept. 10, 1861; he was then about 28 years of age. He instructed 
the 46th in camp and was a fine drill-master, and was very popular with 
the men. During the time he devoted to the six companies then at Camp 
Butler, he succeeded in imparting valuable knowledge to the officers and 
men. On account of consolidation with the Dixon companies he resigned 
to make room for representatives from these companies of a field officer. 
He afterwards raised the 72nd 111. Board of Trade regiment and served as 
its Colonel. He served in different positions on detached service, where 
his knowledge of army affairs fitted him well. 



30 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



MAJOR J. M. McCRACKEN. 



John M. McCracken was born June 3, 1831, and reared in Juniata and 
Huntington county, Pa. Received a common school education and was 
engaged in farming pursuits ; while he also employed part of his time in the 
Woolen Mill with his father. He remained in his native State until about 
25 years of age and came to Illinois about 1856. Maj. McCracken was 
variously employed, until the breaking out of the war and at the second 
call for troops enlisted in Company K, 46th 111. Infantry, in which he was 
tendered a commission as Captain of his company. Was engaged at battles 
of Donelson and Shiloh, where he was severely wounded. He received the 
high approval of his superior officers for his meritorious conduct, which 
was rewarded by a commission as Major, Oct. 11, 1862. 

Participated in Siege of Corinth; Battle of Hatchie, Oct. 5. 1862; 
Siege of Vicksburg and Jackson, 1868. Major McCracken was a brave 
officer and had the respect and esteem of all the members of the Regiment. 
Was mustered out in December, 1864, at the expiration of term of service. 

After his return from the army he located at Bloomington, 111., and, 
in company with Wm. H. Wentz, engaged in the sale of agricultural 
implements for about three years and then removed to Freeport, in 1868, 
where, for a time, he carried on a similar business alone. On account of 
failing health he retired from active business life. On the 28th day of Aug., 
1879, he died and was buried in the cemetery at Ridott, 111. The widow 
and one daughter survive him. 



MAJOR JOSEPH CLINGMAN. 



Maj. Clingman was born at Portsmouth, Ohio, in the year 1829. Came 
to Stephenson County, 111., with his uncle, George Washington Clingman, 
in the year 1837 and made his home with his uncle till nearly of age and 
was dependent upon his own labor for a living. After many struggles he 
succeeded in educating himself and fitted himself for a teacher in the com- 
mon schools and was very successful. Thus he was practically self edu- 
cated and was up to the average in general intelligence. He was engaged, 
for a number of years, in the then heavy Richland timber in chopping and 
logging and lived in a lumberman's cabin and kept Batchelors' Hall. 

Always upright and honorable and with a pride commendable to the 
world he aspired to positions of trust and responsibility. At the outbreak 
of the war he offered his services by enlisting in Company A, 46th 111. In- 
fantry and was appointed 1st Sergeant of his company. He was promoted 
to Captain June 26, 1862; to Major March 20, 1865. Was wounded severely 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 31 

in left arm at battle of Jackson Cross Roads. He participated in all the 
battles and marches with his regiment and was mustered out at Baton 
Rouge, La. 

Major Clingman married an educated and refined lady of Louisiana 
and purchased a plantation in the Red River valley to engage in the pursuits 
of agriculture. At this time the bitter feeling of the Southern people was 
too strong to tolerate a Northern ex-soldier in their midst. Action was 
entered in the court against him for recovery of the plantation on the plea 
that the wife of the party selling was of unsound mind. The decision of the 
jury was against Maj. Clingman and, by order of court, title was set aside 
and transferred to the first owner, no compensation being given him in re- 
turn. His hard earnings in his younger days, together with his savings in 
the army, were swept away. Maj. Clingman and wife went to Cincinnati. 
His wife sought employment as a teacher, in the schools, while he sought 
and obtained employment as clerk in an abstract and loan office. He died 
in the city of Cincinnati in the year 1900, and was buried in his native 
State. His wife survives him. 



H. H. WOODBURY, A. A. GENERAL. 



Henry Harrison Woodbury was born in Poultney, Vermont, June 17, 
1840, and lived there a year and then moved with his parents to Woodstock, 
Vt. At the age of 15 he entered the Standard office, where he served his 
apprenticeship at the printing business. About 1858 he located in Amboy, 
111., and from there enlisted in Company D, 46th 111. Infantry and was 
commissioned 2nd Lieutenant of that company. Upon the consolidation of 
Companies D and I, he was commissioned Adjutant of the 46th, Nov. 26, 
1862, to rank as 1st Lieutenant. Reenlisted Dec. 1863, was commissioned 
Captain by brevet by the President, for distinguished and meritorious 
services during the war. He took part in the following engagements : Fort 
Donelson, Feb., 1862; battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6 and 7, 1862; siege of 
Corinth, Miss., May, 1862 ; campaign of Gen. Grant in Mississippi and siege 
of Vicksburg and Jackson, Miss., 1863; expedition to Yazoo City, May 
1864; siege and charge of Fort Blakely, Alabama, April 9, 1865; battle at 
Jackson Cross Roads, Miss., 1864. Mustered out at Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 
20, 1866. 

After his military service Lieut. Woodbury carried on a grocery busi- 
ness in Bloomington, 111., for about a year and then moved to Chicago, 
where he entered a partnership for the purpose of printing druggist's 
labels, under the firm of H. P. Hanscom & Co. After a time he returned 
to Woodstock and about 1870 established a label printing business in the 
second floor of Lewis Pratt's block. Some years later he entered into 



32 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

partnership with John H. Pinks and the business, now owned by Messrs. 
How & Sherwin, has since been carried on under the name of the Woodbury 
Label Co. 

Lieut. Woodbury made many warm friendships during his army service 
and in private life and was loyal to every tie thus formed. To an unusual 
degree he maintained and manifested a personal interest in affairs of pub- 
lic concern and was a staunch factor in church affairs, in the Geo. C 
Randall Post G. A. R., and the local branches of Odd Fellowship. In these 
last connections especially, his strong and unwavering support will be 
greatly missed. He was a charter member and Past Commander of Ran- 
dall Post, and its adjutant for several years. Also a charter member of 
Quechee River Lodge I. O. O. F., and its secretary from the beginning. 
In church and Sunday school he was an enthusiastic worker. His funeral 
was largely attended by the members of the church and sunday school, of 
which he was the superintendent. Many beautiful floral offerings were 
presented by the Rebeccas and I. O. O. F.. and the members of the G. A. 
R. His comrades of the 46th mourn with his friends the sudden death of 
this noble character and will always remember him as a true and loyal de- 
fender of the flag. The interment was at West Woodstock, Vt. 



SURGEON ELIAS C. DePUY, M. D. 



Few men in Freeport were more widely known than Dr. DePuy, whose 
death occurred July 11, 1879. He was a man of personal character, deep 
religious convictions and tenderness of heart. He was born at the old 
homestead, near Syracuse, New York, on the 18th day of Sept., 1824. His 
early academical studies were persued at Cazenoria, N. Y. He studied in 
his father's ofiice and later with Dr. Watters of Fulton. N. Y., and after- 
ward at the Medical College at Rochester, N. Y. He then spent a consider- 
able time in surgical studies in Bellevue hospital, N. Y. In 1849 he went 
to California, when 25 years of age, where he spent three years in varied 
experiences of travel, medical practice and adventures in the mines. He 
returned to the Middle West and attended a further course of medical 
lectures in Cincinnati, Ohio, and in June, 1855 came to Freeport, 111. 

Dr. DePuy was regularly engaged in practice until the breaking out of 
the war. He then accepted an appointment and commissioned with the 
rank of Major and was assigned as Surgeon of the 46th 111. Infantry. At 
Pittsburg Landing, while engaged in the discharge of his duties with the 
wounded, he was prostrated by the explosion of a shell and received in- 
juries to his spine, from which he never recovered and which were ulti- 
mately the cause of his death. He resigned Sept. 3, 1862, and was again 
commissioned Dec. 9, 1862, and served faithfully and with credit to him- 
self and with acceptability to his comrades. He resigned Nov. 1, 1864. 





H. R. LEWIS 
Chaplain 46th Regiment. 



JAMES B. WRIGHT 
Quartermaster 46th Regiment. 





MAJOR E. C. DePUY 
Surgeon 46th Regiment. 



B. H. BRADSHAW 
Surgeon 46th Regiment. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 33 

Upon his return to Freeport he was elected Treasurer of Stephenson 
county by his fellow citizens. At the close of his service he retired from 
public life. He passed away in much physical suffering and was buried 
at Freeport, Illinois. His wife, Mrs. Rhoda A. DePuy, survives him, who 
is now living at Northampton, Mass. 



DR. BENJAMIN H. BRADSHAW. 



Dr. Benjamin H. Bradshaw, Surgeon 46th 111. Infantry, was born in 
Guernsey, Belmont county, Ohio, Sept. 29, 1834; came to Freeport, III, in 
1855, and on Feb. 20, 1861, graduated from the Rush Medical College of 
Chicago, 111. On the breaking out of the war he enlisted in Co. G, 46th 
111. Infantry, and was detailed as Assistant Surgeon and on the resignation 
of Dr. Elias DePuy was commissioned, on the 12th of Sept., 1862, as Sur- 
geon to rank as Major. During his entire service he was constantly on 
duty and attended to the sick and looked after their comfort and wants of 
all. He was kind, considerate and faithful in every duty, and for his genial 
and afifable ways was loved, honored and respected by the entire regiment. 
On the field of battle he was brave and courageous and sought out the 
wounded and cared for them during the conflict of battle, often going into 
danger in order that he might attend to the suflfering and dying. In the 
official report of his commanding officer he has received special mention, 
which will appear in a report in main history. Was mustered out at the 
expiration of service of the regiment at Springfield, 111., Feb. 2, 1866. 

On his return to Freeport he soon after removed to Orangeville, 111., 
and commenced to practice in the field formerly held by Dr. W. P. Nara- 
more, where he established a fine practice 'in his chosen profession. On 
account of failing health he removed to Schell City, M!o., in the early part 
of the year 1883, where he engaged in mercantile business and also attended 
to calls occasionally as a physician. He again removed to Orangeville in 
the year 1887, and followed his chosen profession as a physician and 
surgeon until fall 1890, when he and his family moved to Salem, Oregon, 
and again resumed the work in this city as a physician and established a 
very large practice. For eleven years continued in this city, until Sept. 
17, 1901, when an operation was performed and a tumor removed from 
under his arm, which failed to relieve him and was removed to Cartwright 
Sanitarium Oct. 6, where he died. He was very busy up to the time of his 
death among the poor, as well as the wealthy, never refusing the call of 
the afflicted, whether in storm or sunshine. He was a member of the 
Masonic Order and of Sedgwick Post G. A. R., and also of the I. O. O. F. 
and Knights of the Globe, and also of the Methodist church. He married 
Miss Mary Cadwell of Orangeville, 111. A daughter, Carrie Bradshaw, and 
one son, George, survive, who live at Portland, Oregon. 



34 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

CHAPLAIN HEZEKIAH R. LEWIS. 



Hezekiah R. Lewis was commissioned as Chaplain of the 46th Reg. 111. 
Infantry, Oct. 21, 1862, after the resignation of David Teed, who resigned 
Sept. 1st, 1862. Chaplain Lewis was a resident of Decatur, 111., and was 
about 35 years old. He served very acceptably through all the service 
until near the close of the services of the regiment and was discharged 
Jan. 12, 1866. He was active and genial in his intercourse and labors 
among the sick in the hospital. Ever ready to assist and help all in distress 
or affliction. He was loved and respected for his upright and honorable 
dealings with his comrades. 

After returning to Illinois he removed to Kansas, where he died at an 
advanced old age. Chaplain Lewis went home several times during his 
service, but always on some mission of mercy for some member of the 
regiment, who needed assistance on his sick leave of absence. 



JAMES B. WRIGHT. 



James B. Wright was born Aug. 25th, 1822, in the city of Syracuse, 
New York. The first sixteen years of his life were spent in Onandaga 
county, N. Y. He moved with his parents to Stephenson county, III, in 
1839. He made his home with his father until his marriage with Sarah L. 
Davis, March 1st, 1849, she being the daughter of Col. Horatio Davis, and 
her brother was Col. John A. Davis. To this union were born three sons 
and one daughter : Just, Frank, Charlie and Lottie, all living but one. 

They resided in Stephenson Co. until the Fall of 1870, when they 
moved to a farm in Shelby Co., 111., three miles east of Assumption, mak- 
ing all improvements on it, as it was raw prairie. 

His grandfather, Ebenezer Wright, fought in the revolution, his father 
in the war of 1812, and he served between three and four years as Regi- 
mental Quartermaster in the civil war, being honorably discharged in Jan. 
1866. His wife died Jan. 2nd, 1895, and he passed away April 2nd, 1899, 
after living nearly thirty years on the farm improved by him. His name 
is honored and respected by his innumerable friends who yet miss him 
and his hospitable home, where he entertained so lavishly, and so ably 
aided by his wife and daughter, whom he delighted to honor. He was a 
member of the G. A. R. and the Masonic Lodge. A democrat in politics. 



SERGEANT MAJOR JOHN E. HERSHEY. 



Sergeant Major John E. Hershey was born in Lancaster County. Pa., 
in 1840, and with his parents moved to Stephenson County, 111., in June, 
1851. By occupation he was a tinner. When his country called for men, he 





D. S. PRIDE 
Capt. Co. I, died at age of 84 years. 



HENRY H. WOODBURY 
Adj. Gen. under Gen. Dornblaser. 





HENRY A. EWING 
Private Co. A and Sergt. Major 46th Reg. 



J. E. HERSHEY 
Sergt. Major 46th Regiment 



PLATE VI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 35 

enlisted in Co. A, 11th 111. Inft., some time in April for the term of three 
months, from which, at expiration of same, he was honorably discharged. 
He again enlisted in Co. B, 46th Reg. 111. Inft., Sept. 10, 1861, and was ap- 
pointed Corporal, and afterward Sergeant. While carrying the regimental 
flag at the battle of Hatchie, Oct. 5, 1862, he was severely wounded. For 
meritorious conduct he received the appointment of Sergt. Major. He re- 
enlisted as a veteran in Dec, 1863 ; was captured as prisoner at Holly 
Springs by Gen. Van Dorn's forces. Was discharged for disability Sept. 
1st, 1864, and some time in February, 1865, died from effects of wound. 
While with the regiment he was one of the most faithful soldiers. His 
young life went out for his country, honored and loved by his comrades. 



HENRY A. EWING. 



Henry A. Ewing enlisted in Co. A, 46th 111. Infantry Sept. 10, 1861, 
from Freeport, 111. About May 30, 1862, he was appointed Sergeant Major, 
after retirement of Wm. Swanzey, and served in this position with credit 
and efficiency until Oct. 25, 1863, when he was discharged, to accept pro- 
motion in U. S. colored regiment as a commissioned officer, where he served 
with credit and was mustered out, being held in service some time after 
hostilities ceased. Lieut. Ewing was about 22 or 23 years of age, and 
would be classed as one of the light weights, active and energetic. He 
served his country with credit, was brave and loyal, and was loved and re- 
spected by his comrades. His address is not known to the writer of this 
sketch. 




36 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY A. 



Early in the summer of 1861, Mr. John Musser of Orangeville,Ill., com- 
menced to organize a company with a view to be ready at short notice to 
respond to a call for men. In the month of August the company was com- 
pleted, by the energetic work and assistance of Hon. W. P. Naramore, Hon. 
John H. Addams and Col. John A. Davis, who held meetings in dififerent 
parts of Stephenson County. Quite a number of men from Freeport, 
Florence, Harlem, Buckeye, Silver Creek, Ridott and Oneco Townships 
enlisted, filling the company up to the required number, 101 men. John 
Musser of Orangeville was chosen Captain, Wm. O. Saxton of Freeport 
1st Lieut., and Isaac A. Arnold of Florence ■2nd Lieut. The company was 
composed mostly of farmers, who were rugged and hardy and distinguished 
for their general intelligence and manly qualities. 

Capt. Musser had had experience in training in militia in his native 
State of Pennsylvania and soon had his company well drilled. The po- 
sition of Co. A was on the right flank and on the march led the regiment. 
It was also one of the skirmish companies and was well instructed in this 
most important and responsible work. In this position they maintained a 
high and honorable standard of efficiency throughout the entire service. 
The enrollment of Co. A was 101 men and officers, and later, at different 
times, received recruits and transfers from other regiments until there was 
a total of 191 men. Of the first enrollment 42 reenlisted. Killed in battle 
during service as shown by Adj. General's report of Illinois: Ammie F. 
Arnold, April 6, 1862 ; Hiram Clingman, April 6, 1862 ; John Elliott, April 
6, 1862; John Hoot, April 6, 1862; John Patton, April 6, 1862; Wm. H. 
Rodimer, April 6, 1862 ; John B. Whistler, April 6, 1862 ; Henry C. Rogers, 
April 6, 1862. Died of wounds: Capt. John Musser, April 23, 1862; 
Corp. Thomas S. Clingman, discharged Aug. 2, 1862, but died soon after; 
Corp. Andrew M. Fellows, May 2, 1862; 1st Sergt. Quincy E. Pollock, 
Mound City, April 9, 1862 ; Private Wm. Hollenbeck, Mound City, May 3, 
1862; Nelson Scoville, Savanna, Tenn., April 18, 1862; Wesley J. Best, 
Vicksburg, Aug. 19, 1864; Francis J. LeFevre, April 9, 1862. Killed and 
died of wounds 16; died of disease 23; discharged for wounds 4; discharged 
for disease or disability 12 ; discharged to receive promotion in U. S. service 
and non-commissioned staff, 6. Total 61. 

In all the marches and engagements Company A took a prominent part. 
For special mention of members of this company I can only refer to the 
list of killed and wounded. The survivors all took honorable part and are 
deserving of all praise for faithful services performed. 




JOHN MUSSER 
Capt. Co. A. Died of wounds received 



I. A. ARNOLD 
Capt. Co. A. 





A. KEMPER 

Orderly Sergt. Co. A, also Capt. U. S. 6th 

Heavy Artillery. 



W. R. MOORE 
2nd. Lieut. Co. A. 



PLATE v: 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 37 



JOHN MUSSER. 



John Musser was born at Penn Hall, Center Co., Pa., March 18, 1833. 
Capt. Musser was the second son of Jonas Musser and assisted on his 
father's farm. He became a prominent officer in the Marion Infantry, com- 
manded by Capt. J. B. Fisher. In 1856 he moved to Orangeville, Stephen- 
son County, 111., and engaged in farming and soon after in a general 
merchandise business, where he built up a lucrative trade. In his native 
State he was connected with a militia company and was well instructed in 
the knowledge of military movements. In the summer of 1861 he enlisted 
and was instrumental in enlisting a company for the war. He was chosen 
Captain of his company and on his arrival at Camp Butler, 111., was com- 
missioned Captain of Co. A, 46th 111. Infantry, and was mustered in Sept. 
10, 1861. While at Camp Butler he brought his company up to a high 
proficiency of drill in all the maneuvers necessary for the entering into the 
more difficult evolutions of battalion drill. In the manual of arms he was 
not excelled by any. In the instructions as skirmishers Captain Musser 
handled his company with great skill and promptness. He participated in 
the battle of Donelson, Feb. 16, 1861. At the battle of Shiloh, April 6, 
he led his company with courage and gr£at bravery and was mortally 
wounded in the first engagement. After being wounded he sheathed his 
sword, continued at his post, seized a gun, and fired several shots and fell 
from sheer exhaustion. He was carried oflf the field of battle by Robert 
Ritzman and, with others, was placed on board the hospital boat for home. 
At Quincy, 111., Capt. Musser was met by his old and esteemed friend. Dr. 
W. P. Naramore. His wound was of such a serious nature that amputation 
of the leg was found necessary, but medical skill could render no assistance 
for the preservation of life. He died April 23, 1861, a sacrifice for the 
cause of the Union and the flag of his country. Captain Musser was one 
of those kind, unassuming characters — intensely loyal, brave and coura- 
geous, — a leader among his fellow comrades and had the full confidence of 
his Colonel and stood high in the estimation of all the line officers and men 
of the regiment. 

Captain M'usser was married to Miss Emaline Evans of Spring Mills, 
Pa., July 26, 1855. Two children were born to them, Thomas (deceased) 
and Neava Jennie, now Mrs. Daniel Denhart of White, South Dakota. 



CAPTAIN ISAAC A. ARNOLD. 



Isaac A. Arnold was born in Morgan Co., 111., on Oct. 17, 1836, enlisted 
early in the month of Sept. or latter part of August, 1861, from Florence 
Township, Stephenson County, Illinois, and was chosen 2nd Lieut, of Co. 



38 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

A, 46th 111. By profession he was a farmer and engaged in this in his 
younger years, before entering the service. Participated in the battle of 
Donelson, Feb., 1862. At the battle of Shiloh he was wounded in the first 
engagement Sunday morning. Capt. Arnold participated in the battle of 
Matamora on the Hatchie river, Oct. 5, 1862. He was promoted to 1st 
Lieut, and mustered in as such July 10, 1862, was at the siege of Vicksburg, 
July 1863, participated in most of the marches with the regiment. Reen- 
listed with his company in Dec, 1863; was detailed as staff officer to Gen- 
eral Dornblaser on the Yazoo expedition, for which he was well fitted. He 
was recognized as a brave and prudent officer and was trusted by his 
superior officers. Captain Arnold was engaged in the battle of Jackson 
Cross Roads, July 7, 1864, as aid to Gen. B. Dornblaser, who speaks of him 
in his official report with the highest praise. On Dec, 1864, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of Captain and mustered in as such March 20, 1865, but 
continued to do duty as aid on Gen. Dornblaser's staff until mustered out 
of service, Jan. 20, 1866. After leaving the service he again engaged in 
farming and moved to Nebraska some years after the war. His present 
home is at Kearney, in that State, where he is spending his days, sur- 
rounded by many warm friends. His wife is living and they give a sol- 
dier's welcome to all who may chance to call on them. He is a member of 
the G. A. R. and prominent in all the affairs of the State and Nation. 



LIEUT. WILLIAM O. SAXTON. 



Lieut. William O. Saxton enlisted at Freeport, 111., Sept. 10, 1861, and 
was elected 1st Lieut, of Co. A, 46th Illinois Infantry. He was with his 
company at the battle of Donelson. On April 1st, he resigned on account 
of disability and returned to Freeport. His address, if living, is not known. 



2nd LIEUT. GEORGE DICKEY. 



Lieut. George Dickey was born in September, 1830, and moved to 
Stephenson County at an early day, where he settled on a farm in Florence 
Township. In Sept., 1861, he enlisted in Co. A, 46th 111. Inf. He was ap- 
pointed Sergeant Sept. 10, 1861, and 2nd Lieut, in April, 1862, after the 
battle of Shiloh and was commissioned and mustered in July 20, 1862. He 
participated in the battles of Donelson, Shiloh, Hatchie, siege of Corinth 
and Vicksburg and Jackson, and on surgeon's certificate resigned Oct. 15, 
1864. Upon his return home he followed the pursuits of farming, and later 
removed to Griswold, Iowa, where he, for many years, held the office of 



■ ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 39 

justice of the peace. Lieut. Dickey is connected with the G. A. R., and has 

held the position of commander for a number of years. His home at 
present is in the city of Council Bluffs, Iowa. 



2nd LIEUT. WM. REYNOLDS. 



William Reynolds was about 28 years of age when he enlisted in the 
service, Sept. 10. 1861. as a private. He was appointed 4th Sergeant after 
the formation of Co. A. ; was promoted 2nd Lieut., Oct. 15, 1864, and to 
1st Lieut., Dec. 23, 1864. Lieut. Reynolds was mustered out at expiration 
of service with the regiment, Jan. 20, 1866. He participated with the regi- 
ment in most of, if not all, the battles and marches of the same. 

His home, before enlistment, was at Oneco, 111. His present address, 
if living, is not knovim. 



LIEUT. WM. R. MOORE. 



Lieut. Wm. R. Moore was born in West Buffalo Township, in Buffalo 
Valley, Union Co., Pa., on November 30, 1838. He came to Illinois Sept. 
1, 1860, and was a stone mason by occupation and was engaged in this and 
the brick mason trade up to the time of enlistment in Co. A, 46th 111. Inft., 
Sept. 10, 1861, as a private. In 1862 he was appointed fifer in the regi- 
mental band. A year later was appointed 1st Sergeant of the company, 
and on Dec. 23, 1864, served as 2nd Lieut., being mustered as such March 
20, 1865. He commanded the company in the absence of the other com- 
missioned officers up to close of war. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

From Pennsylvania Lieut. Moore emigrated to Missouri, from Mis- 
souri to Illinois, where he made his home and was actively engaged at 
his trade from 1860 to 1881, with the exception of time he spent in the army. 
He moved to Lawrenceburg, Tenn, on a farm, where he now resides. 
Lieut. Moore was one of the faithful, patriotic soldiers, who never missed 
a march and was at all times ready for duty. Being of robust and healthy 
constitution, he was a man of great endurance, not only had he this 
physical strength, but was of a genial and kind disposition, loved by the 
members of his company and his fellow officers. 



CAPT. ADAM KEMPER. 



Capt. Adam Kemper enlisted at Lena, Illinois, as a private, Co. A, 
46th Regt., 111. Vet. Infantry, September 10th, 1861, and was with the regi- 



40 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

ment in the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth, Hatchie, 
Vicksburg and Jackson. Was discharged at Natchez, Miss., Nov. 14th, 
1863, to receive promotion. Commissioned as Captain of company K, 6th 
Regt. U. S. C. Heavy Artillery, October 28th, 1863, and served with the 
regiment until mustered out of service, May 13th, 1866. Returned to Lena, 
Illinois, and remained until 1868, then he went to Chicago and was em- 
ployed as salesman in the wholesale Wood & Willow Ware Firm of Felix 
Marston & Blair, until 1882 ; was manager of a lumber company at Fargo, 
N. D., from 1882 to 1884, then moved to Salina, Kansas, and engaged in 
the lumber business until 1890, then came to Denver, Colo., and was em- 
ployed as a Deputy Assessor for four years, after which he went to Sum- 
mit County, Colo., and engaged in mining, which occupation he is en- 
gaged in at the present time. His present address is Denver, Colorado. 



DARIUS WINTERS. 



Darius Winters was born in Delaware County, Ohio, Febr. 20, 1838. 
In the Fall of 1847 he, with his parents, moved to Illinois and for two years 
lived in Winnebago Co., and then came to Florence Township, Stephenson 
Co. Here his father purchased a farm on which the family made their 
home for fifty-three years. Here Darius attended the district school and 
secured a common school education. On Aug. 10th, 1862, Darius enlisted 
in Co. A, 46th Illinois Inft, and was with the regiment in all its vicis- 
situdes, taking part in the different campaigns and battles with the regi- 
ment until he was mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Comrade Winters beat Gen. Grant into Vicksburg by a month and a 
half, as he, with 109 other members of the regiment, was taken prisoner 
May 25, 1863, and held inside the city for two days and was then paroled. 
He was sent to parole camp at St. Louis, Mo., and soon after exchanged 
and joined the regiment at Natchez, Miss., and continued with the regi- 
ment until expiration of term of service of three years. 

After his return from the war he again followed farming. Was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary J. Cronkrite, who was a native of Saratoga County, 
N. Y. Mrs. Winters died March 11, 1899, leaving two children, Hattie E. 
and Joseph D. In March, 1902, believing that the West was the place for 
a young man, he went to Lincoln County, Washington, and purchased a 
half section of land. In 1903 he moved to Almira, Washington, where his 
daughter keeps house for him and his mother, who lately celebrated her 
one hundredth birthday, makes her home. Mr. Winters is a member of the 
church and of the G. A. R., and at the age of 69 years is hale anl hearty. 
He is respected by his neighbors as he also had the esteem of all in his 
home in Illinois. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 41 



COL. SAMUEL P. SCHADEL. 



Col. Samuel P. Schadel was born in Center County, Pa., Jan. 27th, 
1844. In 1856 he moved to Stephenson County, 111., and attended district 
school in the winter months, working on the farm in summer. In 1861, 
when our Country was in a furor of excitement, on account of secession 
in the South and some parts of the North, at the President's call for 
volunteers, three of his brothers enlisted for three years. They were living 
in Pennsylvania and joined the eastern army, and participated in the bat- 
tles of that army from the first to the close of the war. In 1863, when the 
call came for three hundred thousand more, Samuel P. Schadel, at the age 
of nineteen, and brother, Adam C. Schadel, at the age of seventeen, en- 
listed as private soldiers in Co. A, 46 Reg. 111. Vol., for three years, 
making in all, five brothers in the army in defense of the Union. Samuel 
P. and Adam C. both served with that grand old fighting Regiment, par- 
ticipating in all its marches, battles and skirmishes to the close of the war, 
and were both honorably discharged with the Regiment in 1866. 

Their military record has been that of the Regiment. After returning 
home and taking on the honor of citizenship in Stephenson County, 111., 
Samuel P. Schadel was married to Miss Emma C. Hassinger of Rock 
Grove in 1867, and moved to Monroe, Wis., the same year. Some time 
after, he engaged as clerk in the general store of J .Bolender. 

In 1882 he assisted in organizing the Monroe City Guard and was com- 
missioned 1st Lieut, by Gov. Jeremiah M. Rusk. The company was as- 
signed to the first Reg. W. N. G. and known as Co. H. Was promoted and 
commisioned Captain of Co. H, June 7th, 1884. In May, 1886, when the 
city of Milwaukee was in the hands of a lawless mob and strike, the 1st 
Regt. W. N. G. was ordered there to restore law and ord«r. Co. H, 
under the command of Capt. Samuel P. Schadel, being well drilled and 
under strict discipline, by their soldierly bearing and strict obedience to 
orders, they were ordered to the task of clearing the streets of the disturb- 
ing element. By manly courage and a spirit of patriotism, the work was 
accomplished and the streets were cleared of that lawless mob. After nine 
days of service the disturbances settled. The company receiving from Gov. 
Jeremiah M. Rusk his thanks and compliments for their prompt action in 
carrying out every order during this tour of duty. 

In June, 1888, was promoted and commissioned Major of the 1st Regt. 
W. N. G. This being the third commission signed by that grand soldier 
and governor Jeremiah M. Rusk of Wisconsin. Feb., 1891, was commis- 
sioned Lieut. Colonel and Jan. 7th, 1895, was commisioned Colonel and 
assigned to command of the 1st. Regt. W. N. G. and served in that capacity 
until 1898. When war was declared with Spain and President McKinley 



42 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

called for volunteers, the first Regiment W. N. G. offered its services and 
May 14th, 1898, the Regiment was mustered into the U. S. Vol. service. 

Samuel P. Schadel, private of Co. A, 46th 111. Vol., was commissioned 
Colonel and assigned command of the 1st Regt. Wis. Vol. Inft. The Regi- 
ment was a twelve company Regiment, with three Battalions, each being 
commanded by a Major with a Bat. Adjt. and Sergt. Major. The com- 
panies one hundred men each, with three commissioned officers, make the 
Regiment as large a command or larger than many of the Brigades in the 
Civil War. 

May 20th, the 1st Regt. received orders from the War Department to go 
to Tampa, Fla. The same day it left Camp Harvey, Milwaukee, Wis., by 
special tram in three sections for its destination. While enroute, received 
telegraphic instructions to proceed to Jacksonville, Fla. On arriving there, 
reported to Gen. Lawton for duty. The 7th Army Corps was being or- 
ganized and the Regiment assigned to the 2nd Brig., 2nd Division, Maj. 
Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee commanding the Corps, Gen. Arnold the 2nd Division 
and Brig. Gen. W. Bancroft the 2nd Brigade. 

The 1st Regiment Wis. Vol. served in this command from the first to 
close of the war. and attained the distinction of being the best drilled, the 
highest standing in discipline and soldierly bearing of any in the 7th Corps. 
General Lee complimentd the Regiment many times as such. On several 
occasions Col. Schadel was in command of the 2nd Brigade. At the close 
of the war the 1st Regiment was mustered out Oct. 29th, 1898, with the 
thanks and compliments of Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee, and also from the Divi- 
sion and Brigade commanders. 

Col. Samuel P. Schadel attributes his success in bringing the first Reg. 
Wis. Vol. up to the position it held in the 7th Army Corps to the fact that 
he marched under the banner of the46thRegt. 111. Vol. as a private soldier in 
Co. A, and may the hearts of all the old boys beat quicker as we recall the 
davs of 1861 to 1866. 



DR. W W. KRAPE. 



Dr. W. W. Krape, the author and founder of the Knights of the Globe, 
is a man of great capabilities and indefatigable energy. He has fought his 
way from a poor boy to the position of responsibility which he now holds 
by dint of hard labor and incessant study, prompted and impelled by lofty 
ambitions and a desire to attain the heights where there is always room. 
He was born in a little log hut in Stephenson County. Illinois, on April 11, 
1847. The foundation of his education was laid in a district school near 
his father's farm. When 16 years of age, he enlisted as a private in Co. A, 
46th 111. Vet. Vol., where he served until the war closed, since then he has 





G. S. DICKEY 
ind Lieut. Co. A 



COL. SAMUEL P. SHADEL 

Private Co. A, and Col. 1st Wis. Inft., 

Spanish War. 




DR. W. W. KRAPE 
Co. A. 



PLATE VIII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 43 



been twice commissioned Captain of Co. C, 3rd Regiment Illinois National 
Guards. At the close of the war he entered the University of Wisconsin, 
and for several years attended the university and taught district schools. 
When 26 years of age, he entered the profession of dentistry and practiced 
it sucessfully for twenty years . 

He was married to Miss Emma Garman on January 2Utli, J 875. Of this 
union two children were born, Bessie M., and William G. Bessie gradu- 
ated from the Freeport High School and four years later graduated from 
the University of Wisconsin, located at Madison, after which she entered 
the Freeport High School as a teacher and after three years' service as such 
she became the wife of Roscoe J. Carnahan, an attorney of Freeport, 111. 
Wm. G., after graduating from the Military Academy located at Delafield, 
Wisconsin, entered the University of Wisconsin, and after a four years' 
course entered the profession of journalism in Freeport, 111., on his father's 
paper. The Freeport Evening Standard. 

Dr. Krape early became afifiliated with numerous fraternal orders and 
soon began to make a profound study of secret societies. After searching in- 
vestigation and careful study he concluded that imperfection existed to 
some extent in all of them, and that none of them struck at the root of 
what the present high state of civilization required. Accordingly he set 
to work to correct this neglect by formulating a new order to be adapted 
to the present needs of our citizens at large, and after nine long years 
of research and hard study presented to the world the results of his labors 
in the Order of the Knights of the Globe. 

He is also President and General Manager of the Cosmopolitan Life 
Insurance Association of Freeport, 111. 

Dr. Krape is a gentleman of unimpeachable character, strict honor and 
integrity. He is thoroughly absorbed in the work to which he has devoted 
his best energies and most careful thought, and the results of his life of 
eminent service have redounded with great honor both to him and to the 
city in which he lives. 

Hon. W. W. Krape, at the present time, 1907, is a Member of the 
Lower House of the 45th General Assembly of the 12th District, State of 
Illinois. 



44 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY B. 



Enrolled, Sept. 10, 1861, 101 ; recruits at veteran furlough, 47 ; during 
service, including 8 from 99th 111., 34. Total 182. 

Transferred and promoted, 14 ; killed, Eugene Kellogg, 1 ; died from 
wounds, 6; died from disease, 14; discharged for disablity, 28; mustered 
out at expiration of term of service and other cause, 43 ; mustered out Jan. 
20, 1866, 76. Total, 182. 

From the fact that so many were transferred from the 99th 111., the 
company was up to maximum number at the time of mustering out. 
During the service, eleven of the company received commissions and five 
were transferred to the non-commissioned staff. Capt. R. V. Ankeny was 
promoted to Colonel of the 142nd 111. Infantry and to Brigadier General — 
and Brevet Major General. 

Early in the summer of 1861 the members of Company B, at Rock- 
Grove, 111., enrolled themselves in a company and chose Col. Walker of 
Dakota as Captain. When Gov. Yates called on him he, on account of ad- 
vanced age, declined. Capt. S. D. Atkins of Freeport recruited Company 
A, 11th 111. from Capt. Musser's company and two from Walker's company. 
Gov. Yates informed Hon. John H. Addams and John A. Davis that it was 
necessary for them to furnish a full regiment at once for the service. Mr. 
Addams agreed to do his best to assist John A. Davis in raising the Regi- 
ment. Davis decided to enlist in Company B and informed the friends 
that the first battle was overcome, and it is now boy come. Early in 
September three companies were up to the maximum number and left to- 
gether for Springfield, 111., Companies A, B, and C. Sept. 10th was set as 
date of enlistment. Upon arrival at Camp Butler, Gov. Yates gave John 

A. Davis a commission as Colonel of 46th and authorized him to recruit 
two more companies ; W. O. Jones of Mendota to be Lieut. Colonel and 
Fred A. Starring to be Major, provided they furnish their quota, which 
they failed to do and resigned. Company B. at request, held an election 
and chose Rollin V. Ankeny, Captain ; Henry Roush. 1st Lieut, and 
Thomas J. Hathaway, 2nd Lieut. Col, Davis sent Thomas M. Hood, Ro- 
bert Smith and Emanuel Faust to Freeport to assist Capt. Young and 
Lieut. Thompson in raising Company G. Thomas Hood was chosen 1st 
Lieut, and Robert Smith Orderly Sergeant of Company G, and were trans- 
ferred from Company B on their arrival at Camp Butler to accept pro- 
motion. 

At the battle of Fort Donelson there were no casualties in Company 

B. During the two days' battle of Shiloh, Eugene Kellog was killed and 
Charles Bowers was mortally wounded while carrying the flag. Many 
others were wounded, six dying later. On the siege of Corinth, there was 
much suffering from the effects of impure and surface water, causing sick- 





DARIUS WINTERS 
Co. A. 



R. V. ANKENY 
Capt. Co. B, and Colored 142nd Illi- 
nois Infantry. 




WM. J. REITZELL 
Capt. Co. B. 



R. T. COOPER 
Capt. Co. B, at 22 years of age. 



PLATE IX 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 45 

ness — no casualties in battle. At the battle of Matamora, on the Hatchie 
river, Corporal George Cox was mortally wounded and Sergeant John E. 
Hershey was severely wounded, while carrying the regimental flag. At the 
siege of Vicksburg there were no casualties, but the members of Company 
B were called upon from three to four days in the week to take their place 
on the advance line to guard and shoot at any object or rebel soldier that 
showed his body above the breastworks, and often to be sent to the rear as 
pickets to guard against the approach of Johnston to relieve the garrison 
at Vicksburg. This constant duty was trying and told severely on the men 
who lost much sleep. On the expedition from Vicksburg, July 5th, to 
Jackson and the investment of that place there were no casualties in battle, 
but suffering from the effects of extreme heat. On the expedition into 
Louisiana from Natchez, there were no casualties, but censure from 
one of the Generals for allowing so many of the company to indulge in 
bathing in the Tensas river, as they were not in condition with their bath- 
ing suits to fall in ranks and salute the General as he passed by. In 
Dec. 1863, at camp Cowan, Miss., forty seven of Company B re-enlisted 
and with the Regiment went home on veteran furlough. On its return with 
its ranks filled by additional enlistments, the corhpany went into camp at 
Vicksburg. It participated in the Yazoo expedition from May 4th to May 
18th, 1864 — no casualties and but few complaipts. At the battle of Jackson 
Cross Roads, July 7, 1864, there were no casualties in battle, but severe suf- 
fering from the extreme heat. At the siege and charge of Fort Blakely, 
Alabama, private Andrew Hess was mortally wounded, while on picket 
while advancing the line and died a few days after at New Orleans, La. 

Lieut. Thomas J. Hathaway commanded the company at the battle of 
Shiloh during the two days' engagement, assisted by Sergeants Reitzell, 
Faust and Cooper. Sergeant Leopold Shook had charge of the skirmishers 
and performed his duty with courage and bravery and ability, always re- 
porting in time for the Regiment to be ready for the advancing enemy. Capt. 
W. J. Reitzell commanded the company at the siege of Vicksburg, 1863, and 
at the battle of Jackson, 1864. He had charge of the skirmishers in this en- 
gagement and Company B held the left flank in company with skirmishers 
of the 76th III., holding the whole rebel line in check, and was in battle line 
until the main force of the Union army with its large train of wagons, car- 
rying the army stores, had passed safely to the shelter of the woods. At 
this engagement every man of Company B was in his place. At the siege 
of Blakely 1st Lieut. G. S. Roush was in command and led the company, 
assisted by 2nd Lieut. T. B. Jones. The company, with the Regiment at 
the signal to charge, sprang to their places across our earthworks 
and continued the charge until the rebel works were taken. Gen. James 
C. Veatch, who honored the Regiment with his presence with the com- 
pany, being quite a good runner, was not far behind the advance. The 
company took an active part in all the marches, sieges and battles incident 



46 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

to the Regiment. The company took an active part in the siege, and, in 
advancing under cover of the night, the Union lines, while thus engaged, 
were constantly under the fire of the enemy. While engaged in digging 
trenches. Corporal James From was overcome from long continued watch- 
ing and working and in a lull in the enemies firing, fell over fast asleep on 
top of the earthworks. About 4 o'clock A. M. orders were given to fall 
back to the main line of works. Corporal From was fast asleep, two or 
three shakes failing to arouse him, the men said he may be dead. 
"Neugent", the wag of the company, came along and gave him a vigorous 
shake and saying "Jim, if you're dead, why don't you say so." By this 
time Corporal From was awakened and said, "No, I am not dead. " 

The night before the charge a detail of one hundred men under Lieit. 
Jones worked all night, until 4 A. M. in preparing heavy earthworks for 
the protection of a Massachusetts battery of heavy field artillery. This 
battery did effective work just before the charge by the infantry in dis- 
.abling three heavy siege guns of the enemy. Here Lieut. Jones had the 
misfortune, while in close proximity to the guns during this artillery duel, 
of receiving severe concussion of the right ear, causing the rupture of the 
right ear drum, the injury resulting in total deafness of this member. 

Company B took an active part in receiving and taking care of and 
guarding the property at the surrender of the rebels, and was sent north 
on the railroad and stationed at the small village of Macon, Miss., to look 
after the place and to do whatever fell to their lot to look after. In a 
few days the company was sent to Mobile, Alabama. Here the sad intelli- 
gence that President Lincoln had been assassinated was received, which 
caused a look of sadness on every face. From here, went to New Orleans 
and thence to Shreveport, La., where we remained for a time and spent 
our summer alternately at this place and Salubrity Springs until mustered 
out Jan. 20th, 1866. 



CAPT. ROLLIN VALENTINE ANKENY. 



Capt. Ankeny was born in Somerset, Pennsylvania, May 22, 1830, on a 
farm preempted by his grandfather, Capt. Peter Ankeny. His parents 
moved to Ohio in 1831 and settled in Holmes county on a farm. In 1832 
they moved to Millersburg, Ohio, where he attended the local schools — 
studied medicine and became part owner of a drug store. In 1853 he mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Irvine, daughter of his preceptor. Dr. James S. Irvine. In 
1856 he and his family moved on a tract of 320 acres in Stephenson county, 
Illinois, and at the breaking out of the war they moved into Freeport, 
where he assisted in recruiting his company. 

Early in Sept. he was elected Captain of Company B. He was very 
efficient in caring for the wants of his company, in procuring all necessary 
clothing and supplies needed. After the surrender of Fort Donelson. he 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 47 

was placed on detached service as Brigade Quartermaster and when the 
4th Division was fully organized, Gen. Hurlbut assigned him to duty as 
Division Quartermaster, which place he filled with credit and was not 
lacking in having supplies of army rations and all ammunition in quantities 
sufficient for the need of the Division and was recognized as staff officer 
of Gen. S. A. Hurlbut. He resigned Dec. 31, 1862. 

The 142nd 111. was organized at Freeport, 111., by Col. Rollin V. An- 
keny and mustered June 18, 1864, for 100 days, and was assigned to duty 
guarding the Memphis and Charleston R. R. at White Station, east of 
Memphis, Tenn. 

Gov. Yates in his last annual message paid these troops a high and 
deserved compliment. Capt. Ankeny was brevetted Brigadier General by 
act of the Senate, and President Andrew Johnson. 

After the war he moved to Winterset, Iowa, and engaged in the lum- 
ber business — later he went to Des Moines and for several years was the 
U. S. Marshall. He served as U. S. Land Surveyor in Florida and Oregon 
for a term of years. After returning to Des Moines he was Assistant 
Overseer of the Poor and Coroner of Polk County. 

He was a Knight Templar, a member of the Sons of American Revo- 
lution, G. A. R., U. V. U. Societies. He died in the city of Des Moines 
of Pneumonia, Dec. 24, 1901, and is hurried in Woodland Cemetery in 
that city. 



BIOGRAPHY OF LIEUT. HENRY ROUSH. 



Henry Roush was born in Madisonburg, Center County, Pa., Jan. 24, 
1863. Was educated in the common schools and when old enough to work 
was engaged with his father in the manufacture of boots and shoes. When 
about twenty years of age he emigrated to Rock Grove, 111., where he 
opened up a store and met with fair success. On March 20th, 1860, he 
was appointed postmaster by President Buchanan, which position he filled 
with acceptance to the government and credit to himself. He was a Doug- 
las democrat and, with his enthusiasm, entered into the Union cause and 
helped raise and enlisted in Company B, 46th 111., early in August, and on 
the formation of this company, some time later, was chosen 2nd Lieut., 
and on Sept. 10, 1861, was commissioned 1st Lieut, by Gov. Yates, John 
A. Davis having received commission as Colonel. He was with his com- 
mand at the battle of Donelson and proved himself to be efficient and 
brave, and was beloved by his company for his genial and manly bearing. 
A man of noble character and possessed of that natural intelligence, which 
served him well in the position he held. 

On account of critical illness he' was sent to the hospital and could 
not engage in the battle of Shiloh. His sickness was of such continued 



48 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

length that, on recommendation of the surgeon, he resigned April 18, 1862. 
He came home and again entered into the labors and duties of life, en- 
gaging in different occupations. On Feb. 1, 1864, he again enlisted in 
Company B as a private and served acceptably until sickness again claimed 
him for a victim and was ordered home. He died at Freeport, 111., July 
10, 1864, having reached within a few miles of his home. He gave his life 
a sacrifice to his country and his flag. Lieut. Roush was loved by all 
his comrades and friends. His wife, a Miss McCauley, and several children 
were left to mourn his death. One daughter, only, now survives, who is 
the wife of Mr. William Butteriield, County Surveyor of Stephenson 
County, who resides at Dakota, 111. 



LIEUT. THOMAS J. HATHAWAY. 



Lieut. Thomas J. Hathaway was born in Vermillion County, 111., 
Sept. 28, 1831, and moved to Stephenson County, 111., in company with his 
parents in May, 1836, where he worked on a farm until about 1856, or 
1857, when he moved to Iowa and opened up and improved a farm near 
Cresco. Returning to Illinois, he enlisted in Company B, 46th Illinois 
Volunteers as private. When John A. Davis was commissioned Colonel, 
Hathaway was elected 2nd Lieut., and soon after was commissioned by 
Gov. Yates. He participated in the battle of Fort Donelson, and at Shiloh 
he commanded the Company, Capt. Ankeny being on detached service and 
1st Lieut. Henry Roush sick in the hospital. He resigned June 13, 1862, 
on account of failing health and returned to Stephenson county, living in 
the vicinity of Dakota, 111. 

On account of reverses and decline in real estate he sought for a 
chance to better his condition and took a trip through Iowa, Nebraska, 
Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Montana, North and South 
Dakota, and back again to his home in Illinois. He moved with 
his wife and family to Webster County, Missouri,- bought a farm 
which he afterward traded for town property. Owing to hard times 
and decline in property, he met with financial loss. He again changed his 
residence to Vernon county, Mo., in 1872. In 1875 his wife died, after 
which he went to Eureka Springs, Ark., built a flat boat and went down 
the White river to the mouth of Buffalo river, where he fell in company 
with comrade Galloway, and went to the Mississippi and took a steamer 
for Vicksburg, thence by rail to Jackson, Miss., where the two built an- 
other flat boat and went down Pearl river to the gulf, where they cruised 
around and engaged in hunting and fishing for a month or more, and then 
returned home by rail. He now makes his home with his children, of 
which three are living. He is hale and hearty and enjoys the company 
of his many friends, who call to see him. In his old age he devotes his 





G. S. ROUSH 
1st Lieut. Co. B. 



1st Lieut. Co. B, age 25 years. 





HENRY ROUSH 
1st Lieut. Co. B. 



T. J. HATHAWAY 
2nd Lieut. Co. B. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 49 

time raising poultry and is a lover of the fine blooded varieties, of which 
he possesses quite a number of the different breeds. His present address 
is Intha, Missouri. 



CAPT. WM. J. REITZELL. 



The subject of this sketch was born in Rebersburg, Center county, Pa., 
Jan. 19, 1835, and came with his parents to Stephenson county, 111., June 
22, 1840. He attended the common schools and assisted in farm work 
until the death of his father in 1855. He then took charge of the farm 
work until Sept. 19, 1859, when he entered the employ of Long & Son of 
Freeport in the retail and wholesale grocery business. When his country 
called for men he enlisted in Co. B, 46th Reg. 111. Infantry for three years 
or during the war. At the time of the organization at Camp Butler, 111., 
Sept. 10, 1861, he was appointed Corporal and later Duty Sergeant, and later 
Orderly Sergeant of the Company, in which capacity he aided at the battle 
of Pittsburg Landing, where he received a wound of the left arm and in- 
jury to back from explosion of a shell. He was in hospital until May, 8, 
and furloughed home. Returned to Regiment about June 1st, and was for 
meritorious services, at battle of Shiloh, commissioned 2nd Lieut. June 10, 
1862, 1st Lieut. July 10, 1862, and Captain Jan. 1st, 1863, in which 
capacity he was acting Dec. 20, 1864, when he was mustered out of service 
at Memphis, Tenn., by reason of expiration of term of enlistment. By 
and with the advise and consent of the Senate Capt. Reitzell was brevetted 
Major in said service to rank as such from the 13th day of March, 1865, 
for faithful and meritorious services by the President of the United States, 
Andrew Johnson. Upon his return home he again resumed the avocation 
of farming alternated with mercantile business. He has held several 
offices of trust and is now living at Freeport, 111. On Oct. 17, 1865, our 
subject was united in marriage to his present wife, whose maiden name 
was Miss Susan Hershey. There were born unto them nine children, 
four boys and five girls, all of whom have gained their majority with the 
exception of one boy, who died in infancy. 



1ST. LIEUT. EMANUEL FAUST. 



The subject of this sketch was born in Center county, Pa., Nov. 18th, 
1828, and was by occupation a blacksmith. He moved to Stephenson 
county. 111., in 1849. His first work in the county was in preparing the 
iron work for the Bower's Mill at Orangeville, 111., and followed his trade 
in different localities of the county, and more especially at Rock Grove, 
111., up to the time of enlistment in Co. B, 46th 111., Sept. 10, 1861, when 
he was appointed sergeant. By order of Col. Davis, he was sent home to 



50 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

assist in recruiting other companies for the regiment and was very suc- 
cessful. On account of a severe ilhiess he was compelled to remain at 
home for considerable time and did not reap the reward for his services to 
which he felt himself entitled. From effects of sickness, he remained home 
three months, after which he joined his company. He was promoted to 
2nd Lieut. July 16, 1862, and to 1st. Lieut. Feb. 28, 1863. Resigned Oct. 
5th, 1804. Resignation accepted Oct. 10, 1864. Lieut. Faust participated 
in all the battles and marches up to the time of his resignation. On his 
return home he found his family all sick. For a while he again took up 
his work in shop as blacksmith and later moved to Seward, Nebraska, and 
engaged in farming with marked success. Some time afterwards with his 
family he moved to Meeteetse, Wyoming, and engaged in stock raising and 
other pursuits. His home is at present at the latter place where he and 
his wife celebrated their golden wedding on June 12, 1906. Lieut. Faust 
and wife are both in good health at present time and love their western 
home. 



CAPT. ROBERT T. COOPER. 



The subject of this sketch was born in Clark county. Illinois, May 
24, 1841, and emigrated with his parents to Rock Grove, Stephenson Co., 
111., in 1844. His time was spent working upon his father's farm in the 
summer months and attending district school in winter. It was thus 
equipped that the subject of this sketch answered Pres. Lincoln's call for 
500,000 volunteers ; and assisted in raising the 3 first companies, viz. "A," 
"B" and "C," from Stephenson county, and sworn into the U. S. army Sept. 
10, 1861. He was mustered into the service as Sergt. of Co. "B," on Sept. 
14, 1861, at Springfield, Illinois, and did camp and drill duty. He partic- 
ipated in the battle of Fort Donelson, Ky., Feb. 16, 1862. In the battle of 
Shiloh, Tenn., on April 6, 1862. he was severely wounded in the left arm 
and was furloughed home. Returned to his company and regiment at La 
Grange, Tenn., July 7, 1862. He participated in all the battles and sieges 
of his company and Regt., (except Fort Blakely, Ala.), until the close of 
the war. He was mustered out at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Jan. 20, 1866, 
and was discharged at Springfield, Illinois, Feb. 2, 1866. Promoted to 
2nd Lieut. Jan. 1st, 1863; promoted to 1st Lieut. Nov. 10th, 1864; pro- 
moted Capt. Dec. 23, 1864. Upon his return to civil life he attended com- 
mercial college at Peoria, 111., and graduated from that institution in the 
Fall of 1866. 

He was engaged in the mercantile and grain business at Rock City, 
Illinois, until 1869, when he was elected county treasurer, and served 4 
years in that capacity. 

After the completion of his term as treasurer he removed to Seward, 
Nebraska, purchasing land and building the Blue Valley flouring mills. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 61 

In 1881, he again entered the political arena in his chosen state and 
became a candidate for County Treasurer in Seward Co., and was elected. 
After serving two terms as treasurer he became a candidate for County 
Clerk, was elected and served a two year term, after which he returned to 
private life. He was married to Emma J. Brenizer in 1887. He engaged 
in farming and stock raising until 1890, when he retired from active busi- 
ness at Seward, where he now resides. 



GEORGE S. ROUSH. 



George S. Roush was born in Madisonburg, Centre Co., Pa., April 17, 
1840, and with his parents moved to Illinois, making the trip overland 
with a team in 1849; located on government land in West Point town- 
ship, worked on a farm and went to school until the age of 18 years, then 
taught school two years. 

At the age of twenty, in the spring of 1860, he started for Texas with 
the intention of making that his home. Traveled by steamboat down the 
Mississippi River and up the Red River to Shreveport, La. From there 
he traveled with two companions on foot to Corsicana, Texas, arriving 
there in May. Here he worked at the carpenter's trade during the sum- 
mer, but owing to the signs of war appearing in the Southern States, con- 
cluded that Illinois might be a healthier climate for a union-loving man. 

He, with the same two companions, bought a team of ponies and 
traveled from central Texas back to Lena, 111. Here he again took up 
teaching in the same district he had left to go to Texas, working on the 
farm between times. 

The civil war having begun, he enlisted on Sept. 10, 1861, in Co. B, 
46th Illinois Regiment, which was made up principally of Stephenson 
county volunteers. 

He was present at the battles of Ft. Donelson, Shiloh, Hatchie, and 
the sieges of Vicksburg and Corinth, also Ft. Blakely, in fact, the history 
of the regiment throughout the war was his history during that period, 
as he was fortunate in being present and taking part in every engagement 
in which his regiment, the 46th, took part. 

At the battle of Shiloh he was promoted to First Sergeant, after a 
number of other non-commissioned officers of Co. B were wounded, later 
became Second, then First Lieutenant. 

At three different times he was wounded, but not so seriously as to 
unfit him for service. 

On June 10, 1865, Lieut. Roush was compelled to resign, owing to ill 
health, although he would have much preferred to remain with the regi- 
ment until its muster out. 



52 HISTORY OF FORT Y-SIXTH REGIMENT 

After his retirement from the army, Lieut. Roush was in business 
with his brother Cornelius, at Lena, 111., until April, 1866, when he started 
with a mule team for Montana. For two years and a half- he prospected 
and mined near Helena and afterward became a clerk in a general store 
for a year and a half. In the spring of 1870, he came by stage and the 
Missouri river to Sioux City. la., thence by rail to Lena. Shortly after 
his return, he was employed by the Illinois Central R. R., to take charge 
of the telegraph repair department of the State of Iowa, having his head- 
quarters first in Epworth, then in Waterloo. In 1880 he resigned that 
position, went to Chamberlain, S. D., where he erected the first store 
building in the town, which was then 50 miles from a railroad and was a 
mere settlement among the Indians. 

After three months, Mr. Roush sold his store in Chamberlain, returned 
to his former position on the railroad and remained a year. Next he re- 
turned to Lena, again became the partner of his brother Cornelius in a 
flour, feed and coal business, in which they remained together until the 
death of Cornelius. Later Mr. Roush disposed of the flour and feed busi- 
ness but still operates a coal yard. In 1897 he was appointed postmaster 
at Lena, 111., a position he still holds. 

In 1872, Mr. Roush was married to Miss Margaret Wilson in Galena, 
111., who departed this life on July 5, 1902. They have two daughters, 
Jessie Elizabeth and Lucy M. 

Lieut. Roush served three terms as commander of W. R. Goddard 
Post No. 258 G. A. R. Dept. of 111., and is the present commander. 



1st LIEUT. THOMAS B. JONES. 



Lieut. Thomas B. Jones was born in Buckeye Township, Stephenson 
Co., 111., Feb. 3, 1841. He received a common school education in district 
school in the old log school house of the pioneer days. Attended select 
school for three winters at Cedarville, 111., conducted by Miss Gorham of 
Rockford, 111. Assisted on his father's farm until Aug. 1861. when he en- 
listed as a private in Co. B, 46th 111. Inft., and without his consent or advice 
was appointed 8th Corporal ; 5th Sergt. July 16, 1862. and followed in line 
of promotion in the list of noncommissioned Sergeants ; commissioned 2nd 
Lieut. May 24, 1865, and 1st Lieut. Aug. 24, 1865. Lieut. Jones participated 
in the battle and siege of Fort Donelson. Feb. 1862, battle of Shiloh April 
6 and 7, 1862, where he was wounded on the scalp and was assisted from 
the field; siege of Corinth in May 1862: siege and capture of Vicksburg, 
1863; also siege of Jackson, 1863; expedition to Trinity, La., Nov. 10, 
1863. Reenlisted and mustered Jan. 4, 1864, and returned with the regi- 





EMANUEL FAUST 
1st Lieut. Co. B. 



AAKON McCAULEY 
2nd Lieut. Co. B. 





R. T. COOPER 
Capt. Co. B, at age of 28. 



PHILIP ARNO 
Capt. Co. 0. 



PLATE XI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 53 

ment on veteran furlough to Freeport, 111. Returned to Vicksburg with 
his regiment and participated in march and expedition to Yazoo City, 
Miss., May 4 to 21, 1864. Was engaged at the battle of Jackson Cross Roads, 
Miss., July 7, 18G4. Participated in charge and capture of Fort Blakely, 
Alabama, April 9, 1865, where his right ear drum was broken by close 
proximity to heavy artillery fire, causing total deafness. Mustered out 
Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La., received pay and final discharge Feb. 2, 
1866, at Springfield, 111., and arrived home Feb. 3, on his 25th birthday, 
where he celebrated that event among his friends. 

Attended Commercial College at Peoria. 111., and graduated in the 
summer of 1866. In 1867 he engaged in farming in Stephenson Co., until 
1891, when he with wife and son Ralph visited the Pacific coast and spent 
one winter at Salem, Oregon, returning by way of Southern California, 
visiting many of the principal cities of the coast. He returned to Illinois 
and for two years lived at Cedarville, 111., and in 1894 went to Gilbert 
Station, Iowa, where he erected a creamery and was engaged in this work 
for five years. Retired from active work in 1899 on account of failing 
health. Served fourteen years in his native State as Justice of the Peace 
and one year as Supervisor of Buckeye Township, and served in Iowa 
three years as Justice. He has served three terms as commander of Frank 
Bentley Post No. 89, G. A. R., Department of Iowa. Lieut. Jones and wife 
are members of the Congregational church at Gilbert Station, Iowa. He 
is a Past Grand in I. O. O. F. Lodge No. 645. Has been engaged since 
Oct. 5, 1906, in preparing the history of the 46th 111. Inft., commenced by 
Gen. Dornblaser in 1900, and unfinished at the time of the General's death. 



2nd LIEUT. AARON McCAULEY. 



2nd Lieut. Aaron McCauley was born in Union Co., Pa., May 6, 1839, 
and emigrated to Rock Grove, Stephenson Co., 111., in company with his 
parents in the Spring of 1842, by wagon. He remained at Rock Grove, 
following the avocation of a farmer until 1861, when he enlisted as a 
private in Co. B, 46th 111. Infantry, and filled the office of Corporal and 
Serg't. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut. Aug. 28, 1865, and served to the 
final muster out of the regiment Jan. 20, 1866. Lieut. McCauley was small 
of stature and experienced sickness in camp, but was one of those plucky 
men who would never give up. He was active and energetic and always 
did his duty without a murmur. After the war he again took up the farm 
work at Rock Grove, where he has lived since and made himself a com- 
fortable home and enjoys the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens. 



54 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY C. 



The formation of Company C is closely identified with that of Com- 
panies A and B. Soon after the call was made those patriotic German- 
Americans under the leadership of Frederick Krumme, Phillip Arno, Otto 
Borchers and others, formed themselves into a company and by the latter 
part of August had succeeded in enlisting enough for a full company of 
101 men and officers. Frederick Krumme was chosen Captain, Phillip 
Arno 1st Lieutenant and Otto Borchers 2nd Lieutenant. The company 
was composed almost entirely of men of the city of Freeport, who were of 
German descent, with the exception of an Irishman or two. This company, 
with Companies A and B, left Freeport in the early part of September and 
landed at Camp Butler, 111., Sept. 10, 186L The men were among the most 
intelligent, patriotic and loyal citizens and lovers of the Union and the 
Flag. They were assigned the center and were known as the protectors 
and special guardians of the regimental colors. The enrollment of Com- 
pany C. was 101 men ; recruits received during service, 82 ; total 183. 

Killed in battle at Shiloh, April 6, 1862, Heinrich Giboni, Fredrick 
Hasselmann, Andreas Knock, Leon Marbeth, Johann Rebel; at Jackson, 
Miss., July 7, 1864— ,Fredrick Heine; near Hatchie, Tenn., Oct. 5, 1862,— 
Jacob Spies; total 7. 

Died of wounds : — Conrad Riechemeier, Savanna, Tenn., Jan. 1, 1862 ; 
Gottlieb Greszly, Louisville, Ky., April 26, 1862; total 2. 

Died of disease 28, drowned 3, total 81. 

Discharged for wounds, 1, for disability 17 ; total 18. 

Discharged to receive promotion in U. S. service, 2. — A grand total 
of 60. 

In all the marches and battles during the entire service Company C 
was faithful and ready at all times to endure the hardships and privations 
and perform every duty of a true soldier in the heat and cold, in rain and 
storm. Their loyalty is established by the long list in the mortality of this 
noble band of German-American soldiers. 

In every march and every battle this company was always well re- 
presented by a goodly number present for duty. At Vicksburg part of 
this company was captured, May 25th, and with four other companies of 
the right wing remained in the invested fort all night and were paroled 
May 28th, 1863. The discipline of this company was of the very best. The 
officers were men of high moral character, who were kind and considerate 
to those under them. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 55 



CAPT. PHILLIP ARNO. 



Phillip Arno was born in the Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, July 30, 
1837 ; removed with his parents to America in 1846, and located at Roches- 
ter, N. Y. In 1852 he came to Milwaukee, Wis., with his parents. In 1857 
he located at Freeport, 111., and engaged in the cooper trade until 1861. 
In April of this year, at the first call for troops by the President, Capt. 
Arno enlisted under Capt. MicKim and was chosen 2nd Lieut. On account 
of the quota for number of troops being full, their services were not ac- 
cepted at this time and they disbanded about May 1st, 1861. When the 
call was made for 300,000 volunteers he again enlisted in July and was 
identified with the organization until the formation of Companies A, B, and 
C of the 46th 111. Infantry, the latter of which he was a member. The 
election of officers resulted in placing Fred Krumme as Capt., Phillip Arno 
as 1st Lieut., and Otto Borchers as 2nd Lieut., and was assigned to the 
46th 111. Infantry. He participated in all the battles with the regiment up 
to the expiration of term of enlistment, Dec. 23, 1864, serving three years, 
three months and eleven days. Promoted to Captain April 21, 1862; was 
taken prisoner at Vicksburg with about twenty or twenty-five of Company 
C, and was paroled on May 28. 

His occupation upon his return from the service was in the Hotel 
business, the New York House, on Galena St., Freeport, 111. He is now 
connected with his son in conducting a Pharmacy at Dubuque, Iowa. 



EDWIN WIKE. 



Edwin Wike was a native of Germany, but came to America when a 
boy in company with his parents and settled in Stephenson Co., 111., where, 
for a time, he engaged in farming. He enlisted in Co. C 46th 111. Vol. 
Inft., and was appointed 2nd Sergeant, Sept. 10, 1861 ; was promoted to 
2nd Lieut., Sept. 29, 1862, to 1st Lieut. Dec. 17, 1863, and to Captain Dec. 
23rd, 1863 ; mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. He was a brave and efficient soldier 
and was engaged in all the battles with the regiment during the service. 

Soon after his return he moved to Iowa and engaged in farming. 
His present address is Ackley, Iowa. 



1st. LIEUT. HARBERT HARBERTS. 



The subject of this sketch was of German descent, an intelligent and 
highly educated gentleman, a man of fine and noble qualities and a true 



56 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

and noble patriot. He enlisted in Freeport, 111., Sept. 10, 1861, and was 
appointed Orderly Sergeant of Company C, and served in this capacity 
until April 23, 1862, when he was commissioned 1st Lieut, and served 
until Dec. 17, 1863, when he was mustered out to receive promotion in 
the Second Miss. C. I. He participated in the battles of Fort Donelson 
and Shiloh, siege of Corinth, battle of Matamora, on the Hatchie river, 
Oct. 5, 1862. He was engaged at the siege of Vicksburg and Jackson, in 
July 1863. His address is not known. 



1st LIEUT. ANDREAS OLNHAUSEN. 



1st Lieut. Andreas Olnhausen was bom in Wuerttemberg, Germany, 
Nov. 24, 1832, where he was reared and educated. After leaving school he 
learned the cabinet maker's trade and followed said occupation until 1852. 
He then came to America landing in New York, where he remained six 
months. Soon after he went to Hawley, Pa., where he attended to the lock 
on the Delaware and Hudson canal. Engaged at dififerent work for a 
while, until he reached Scranton, Pa. Here he was employed as a car- 
penter, remaining here two years, after which he went to Freeport, 111., in 
July, 1855, arriving with a capital of ninety-five cents. He again sought 
employment and was engaged by a Mr. Andrews, who erected flouring 
mills. He received in compensation thirty dollars per month. He invested 
his earnings in land and engaged in farming in Stephenson Co., 111., until 
Sept. 10, 1861, when he enlisted in Company C, 46th 111., as a private; was 
promoted to 1st Sergeant and on Dec. 17, 1863, to 2nd Lieut., and to 1st 
Lieut. Dec. 23, 1864. He participated in all the battles with the regiment, 
re-enlisted as a veteran and was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. For a while 
he was detailed to serve as Adjutant of the regiment. 

Lieut. Olnhausen was one of those kind and pleasant characters and 
his friends were many. Bravely and loyally he served his adopted country 
and gave four and a half years to the service. 

On his return he again took up the occupation of farming until 1868, 
when he removed to Pike Co., Mo., where he pursued the work of a farmer. 
He was married in Illinois, March 22, 1866, to Miss Catherine High, a 
native of Pa. Five children were born to them, of whom two sons are 
living. He died at Eureka Springs, Ark., where he went to seek benefit 
from sickness of asthma and kidney trouble, March 22nd, 1903. and was 
buried at New Hartford, Mo. He was a member of E. E. Kimball Post 
No. 453, of Middletown, Mo., also a member of the Lutheran church for 
many years. 



E. WIKE 
Capt. Co. C. 


4 

H. HARBERTS 
1st Lieut. Co. C. 



EMIL NEESE 
2nd Lieut. Co. C. 



ROBERT LONG 

Lieut. 0th U. S. Artillery, Orderly Sergt. 

Company 0. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 57 

EMIL NEESE. 



Emil Neese was born Sept. 9, 1842, at Lippe Detmold, Germany : emi- 
grated to America when about 17 years old and settled at Freeport, III., 
in company with his Uncle's family. He enlisted in Company C, 46th 111. 
Inft. at the organization of this Company in Sept. 1861, as a private. He 
was promoted to Corporal and Sergeant and on March 20, 1865, was com- 
missioned 2nd Lieut., and participated in all the principal engagements with 
the regiment, and was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Lieut. Neese engaged in the dry goods and grocery business until his 
death, caused by consumption, at Freeport, 111., Nov. 1st, 1873. Lieut. 
Neese was one of those noble, generous and lovable characters, a gentle- 
man of many fine qualities. His young life was cut short by reason of the 
exposure and trials of army life. 



2nd LIEUT. ROBERT LONG. 



2nd Lieut. Robert Long was born in Bavaria, Germany, on the 17th 
day of Nov., 1839. He came to America in company with his parents in 
1852 and landed in New York. The same 'year, on June 29, settled in the 
Wyoming Valley near Wilkesbarre, Pa. In Nov. he came to Freeport, 
Stephenson County, 111., and helped on his father's farm. Sept. 10, 1861, he 
enlisted in Company C, 46th 111. Inft, and was appointed Corporal and 
soon after to Sergeant. For a while he was a member of the army band, 
and served in this position until after the battle of Shiloh. He was then 
appointed 1st Sergeant of his company and on the 28th day of Nov., 1863, 
was discharged to receive promotion as 2nd Lieut., 6th U. S. Artillery and 
commissioned byAdj. Gen. Thomas, of Washington, and assigned to duty 
under Col. B. G. Farrar. He had charge of a section of 12 lb. Howitzers, 
at Natchez, Miss., and served in this position about six months. The guns 
being put out of service, he reported to his Company, "I," 6th U. S. Ar- 
tillery. In the absence of his superior officers he was placed in command 
until their return. Later was placed in command of Company A, for a 
while, then was ordered to Vidalia, La., and detailed to act as A. A. A. 
Gen. of the post, which position he served until discharged in the Fall of 
1865. 

On his return home he worked at the carpenter trade and soon after 
opened and conducted a furniture store. Some years later added hardware 
and continued in this business with fair success until 1904. On account of 
ill health he retired from active work. Soon after returning Lieut. Long 
married Mary Koller of Rock Run township. They have several grown 
up children. Their present home it at Rock City, 111. The latch string is 
alwavs out for the entertainment of his many soldier friends. 



58 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY D. 



This Company was recruited mainly in the months of September and 
October, 1861, by W. F. Wilder, J. L. Coe and H. H. Woodbury ; the re- 
cruits being secured from the southern part of Lee county, with a few from 
Dixon. These were added to by recruits brought to Dixon by J. J. Jones, 
surrendered by him with the understanding that he should be recommended 
for the position of Lieut. Colonel. The enrollment of the Company was 
then 88 men, and an election for company officers was ordered by the post 
commander. The election resulted in the choice of W. F. Wilder for 
Captain, J. L. Coe for 1st Lieutenant and H. H. Woodbury for 2nd. Lieuten- 
ant, and these soon after received their commissions from Gov. Yates. 
The officers of Company D joined the officers of other companies in re- 
commending John A. Davis for Colonel, John J. Jones for Lieut. Colonel, 
and Benj. Dornblaser for Major. 

This Company, with others, were mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 
1. 1861, by an officer sent out from Chicago. Eighty-eight men enrolled in 
Co. D, and not a man was rejected. 

In the early winter months Company D suffered severely from an 
epidemic of measles, the effects of which, combined with the exposures at 
Fort Donelson and Fort Henry, later, was the primary cause of the death 
of several men. In the battle ot Fort Donelson there were no casualties in 
Co. D. At Shiloh, six were killed on the field and two mortally wounded. 
In the advance on and siege of Corinth no one was wounded, but several 
deaths occurred from fever, caused by the use of impure water. At the 
battle of Metamora, on the Hatchie river, three men were slightly wounded. 

The men of Company D were brave, orderly, patriotic and efficient 
soldiers, with hardly an exception. The naming of a few for conspicuous 
gallantry might be unjust to others. Col. Davis on his return to the regi- 
ment, after recovering from his severe wound at Shiloh, spoke in the 
warmest terms of the bravery of Ned Hubbard, Corporal of Company D, 
and said if Hubbard had lived he certainly would have brought him a 
Lieutenant's commission. Hubbard died of fever July 4th, 1862, at La 
Grange, Tenn., and his last words were, "Three cheers for the red, white 
and blue." 

This fairly covers the history of Company D, prior to the reorgani- 
zation in the early months of 1864. 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM F. WILDER. 



Captain Wilder was born in Shelbume, Mass., August 19, 1831. Edu- 
cated at Shelburne Falls Academy and Amherst College. In 1854 he was 





<Sk 


-■\ 



ANDR. OLNHAUSEN 
1st Lieut. Co. C. 




HERMAN L. WAGNER 
Corp. Co. C. 





WM. F. WILDER 
Capt. Co. D. 



J. W. CRANE 
Capt. Co. D. 



PLATE XIII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



principal of public schools at Cape May, New Jersey. Went to Sublette, 
Illinois, in 1856, and engaged with his brother, A. L. Wilder, in the mercan- 
tile business. 

When in July, 1861, President Lincoln called for 500,000 troops Capt. 
Wilder was one of the first of the many patriotic sons of Illinois to re- 
spond, feeling sure that the welfare of himself and family was dependent 
upon the preservation of the Union. With no military education, training 
or experience, he at once entered into the work of recruiting a Company 
for the Dement Phalanx which went into camp in tents on the banks of 
Rock River, at Dixon, 111. When the cold weather came on,Col.Dement's old 
stone plow works was used for barracks. On Dec. 28th, 1861, Company D 
was ordered to Camp Butler, Illinois, and was assigned to the 46th 111. Vol. 
Inft., Col. John A. Davis commanding. It participated in the siege of Ft. 
Donelson, battles of Shiloh and Hatchie, siege of Corinth, and all the 
marches with the Regiment. In November, 1862, in consequence of the 
casualties of camp and battle, Company D was consolidated with Co. I. 
Capt. Wilder and Lieut. Coe resigned and Lieut. Woodberry commissioned 
Adjutant. 

Capt. Wilder went to Chicago and in a few months to his native town 
in Mass. In 1864 he was elected representative to the State Legislature 
and in the following year was elected Senator. In 1866 he returned to 
Illinois and engaged in mercantile business at Austin. A disastrous fire 
in 1868 caused the closing of that business and an engagement with the 
Elgin National Watch Co. Capt. Wilder served that Co. two years in the 
Chicago office, five years in New York and four years in London, England. 
Returning to the United States in 1879, he went to Colorado Springs, 
Colo., to reside and for nine years conducted a stock ranch. In 1888 Capt. 
Wilder went to New York and accepted the presidency of the St. Law- 
rence Pulp Co. Ill health forced his retirement from business in 1895, and 
since then Washington, D. C, Michigan, Colorado and California have been 
his places of sojourn ; was in San Francisco at the time of the great earth- 
quake in April, 1906, and since then in Denver, Colo. 



JAMES W. HOLMES. 



James W. Holmes was born at Hornby, N. Y., Dec. 2, 1840. Came with 
his parents to Lee County, 111., in the year of 1846 by way of the Erie 
canal and around the Lakes to Chicago, 111., thence by teams to Lee county, 
where his parents located in what is now the Township of Amboy. As 
soon as he was old enough he worked on the farm and attended the district 
schools where he secured all the education he ever had. Sept. 26th, 1861, 
he enlisted in old Company D, 46th 111. Inft., and, being an inveterate 



60 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



smoker, on the organization of the four companies located at Dixon, III, 
was unanimously elected Smoke Major of the battalion. Also appointed 
Corporal of "old" Company D, after muster into the U. S. service, and 
participated in battles of Donelson and Shiloh, siege of Corinth and fought 
gray backs at Collarbone Ridge and in several marches to Cold Water and 
Holly Springs and other numerous scares. Was promoted to Sergeant, 
and upon consolidation of Companies D and I, retained the same rank of 
Sergeant in the one-eyed company. He was with the regiment at the battle 
of the Hatchie and other scouts, etc. Was wounded and taken prisoner 
at the siege of Vicksburg, May 25, 1863, and discharged Dec. 29, 1869, 
at Jefferson Barrack, Missouri, as unfit for that band of patriots the in- 
valid corps. 

Returned to Amboy, 111., and entered the store of Bridgman & Co., 
as book keeper and clerk. In 1869, took a trip through Missouri, 
Kansas and Iowa, but, finding nothing to better his condition in a worldly 
way, he returned to Amboy, 111. He did not heed the advice of the boy 
who wrote to his father to come West, any d — n fool could get an office 
out there. In 1874 bought a farm and cultivated that until 1877. Was then 
appointed Deputy Recorder of Lee county. In January, 1881, returned to 
the farm; then sold the farm and bought a small place and has since oc- 
cupied his time as gardener. Was married July 8th, 1874, to Elizabeth E. 
Banker, of Amboy, 111. No children have disgraced this union. Have 
never been sued for bastardy or breach of promise. Am always loyal to 
my country and the old 46th Illinois. 



COMPANY D, NEW ORGANIZATION. 



The Company was recruited by Captain J. W. Crane, of Freeport, 111., 
in Dec. 1863. Jan. 1st, 1864, pursuant to an order for the consolidation of 
Company D and Company I of the same Regiment, the formation of a new 
company was effected to fill the vacancy created by the above consolidation. 
The company went to Springfield, 111., Jan. 5, 1864, was mustered and 
regularly organized as a company in the U. S. service on the 30th day of 
January, 1864, at Camp Butler, 111., by Capt. Montgomery. On the same 
day, J. W. Crane was chosen Captain, Francis O. Miller 1st Lieut., and 
Isaac Bobb 2nd Lieut, and on Febr. 27, were mustered to take rank from 
Febr. 3, 1864. The company participated in the march and skirmish near 
Benton, Miss., known as the Yazoo expedition. May 13, 1864. Engaged in 
battle with the regiment at Jackson Cross Roads July 6 and 7, 1864 ; siege 
and charge of Fort Blakely, Alabama, April 9, 1865 ; occupation of Mobile, 
Alabama, April 12, 1866; in charge of rebel stores after surrender along 
railroad North of Mobile, Alabama, during May, 1865; was in company 





F. O. MILLER 
Capt. Co. D. 



I. M. BOBB 
1st Lieut. Co. D. 





JOHN M. MARBLE 
Capt. Co. E. 



FRED. H. MARSH 
Capt. Co. E. 



PLATE XIV 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 61 

with the regiment sent up the Red River to take possession of the rebel 
property surrendered at Shreveport, La., to the Union forces; and was 
mustered out with the regiment at Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 20, 1865. 

The casualties of Co. D were: Killed, Lansing Eells, May 14, 1861, 
near Yazoo City ; discharged and died of wounds at home, John D. Fogle ; 
died of disease as shown on roster 7. Total deaths, 9. Discharged for 
disability, 4. Total, 13. 

Original enrollment, 98; received recruits during service, 19. Total 
enrollment, 117. 



CAPT. J. W. CRANE. 



Capt. J. W. Crane, Co. D, was born May 21, 1808, at Amsterdam, 
New York, and moved to Stephenson county. 111., at an early day, about 
the year 1840, and located in Waddams township, Stephenson county. 
Some time later moved to Freeport and engaged in the Livery business 
and carried the mail for many years from the Post Office to the Depot. 
He was Captain of a Militia Company and was quite active in military 
movements. He enlisted and helped organize Company D, new company, 
in the early part of Jan., 1864. Participated in march and skirmish on 
Yazoo expedition in May, 1864; commanded his company in the battle of 
Jackson Cross Roads, July 6 and 7, 1864 ; resigned April 7, 1865. 

On his return home he again engaged in the Livery business in com- 
pany with his sons, until his death through accident in a runaway, Sept. 21, 
1873. Capt. Crane was probably the oldest man in the regiment to hold 
commission. He was a man of strong convictions, honest and upright in 
his dealings with his comrades ; kind and generous to the comrades of his 
command and the whole regiment, and would rather suffer himself than 
wrong any one of the command. Loyal and patriotic, he endured the 
hardships of soldier's life at the age of 56 years, which in itself speaks 
more eloquently for this noble man than any eulogy pronounced by his 
friends. 

In the city of Freeport, where he was known the best, he was loved 
and respected by both political parties and never betrayed a trust to any 
friend who confided in him. His death was a tragic one, through an acci- 
dent, which caused sorrow to his family and a long list of dear and in- 
timate friends. 



CAPT. FRANCIS O. MILLER. 



Capt. Francis O. Miller was born in Northumberland county. Pa., 
March 17, 1824. Came to Freeport, 111., Aug. 17, 1857, and engaged in the 
manufacture of boots and shoes up to the time of his enlistment in the 



62 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

army. He joined Company D as a private and was elected 1st Lieut, of 
same, Jan. 30, 1864, and mustered Feb. 27, to rank from Feb. 3d, 1864. He 
engaged in the organization of his company in January and February, 
1864, and, in company with the regiment, left Freeport for Vicksburg, 
Miss., some time in March, 1864. Participated in the Yazoo Expedition in 
May, 1864; battle of Jackson Cross Roads, July, 1864; was engaged in the 
siege and commanded his company in charge of Fort Blakely, Alabama, 
April 9, 1865. Took part in guarding the rebel property after the sur- 
render at and north of Mobile on the railroad; was with his company up the 
Red River in the Summer of 1865, to look after surrendered property, and 
was mustered out at Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 20, 1866; was commissioned 
Captain, June 6, 1865, after resignation of Capt. J. W. Crane. 

He again resumed the manufacture of boots and shoes after his re- 
turn home from the army, until his death, which was tragic and unex- 
pected, he being crushed by the falling of a cornice on lower Stephenson 
street, Oct. 16, 1880. Capt. Miller is buried in city cemetery at Freeport, 111. 

He was one of those noble characters, that had many friends where he 
was known ; was a member of the Methodist church and a consistent 
christian. 



LIEUT. ISAAC M. BOBB. 



Lieut. Isaac M. Bobb was born in Marion county. Pa., Dec. 22, 1885. 
When nine years old he came with his parents to Stephenson county. 111., 
and remained at home until 1854, when he started West and located in 
Winnesheik county, Iowa, at Locust Lane. There he cast one of the two 
votes that was cast at that place for Gen. J. C. Freemont for President. 
He remained in the West until 1861, and then returned to Stephenson 
county, 111. 

On the 15th of July, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, 11th 111. Infantry, 
and served in that regiment two years, when he was discharged on account 
of sickness and returned home. He re-enlisted Dec. 12, 1863, in Co. D, 
46th 111. Infantry, and was commissioned 2nd Lieut, Jan. 30, 1864, and 
promoted to 1st Lieut. June 6, 1865. He remained with the regiment until 
it was mustered out of service, Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La., re- 
turning home and living on a farm until he died, March 18, 1901. 

Lieut. Bobb was a member of John Musser Post, No. 365, G. A. R., 
and a charter member of the I. O. O. F., of the J. R. Scroggs Lodge. 
He was also a member of the Rebekah Lodge. On Jan. 20, 1863, Mr. Bobb 
was married to Miss Sarah Miller, who was born in Center county. Pa. 
Four children were bom to this union : Milton, of Taylor, N. Dakota, 
Mrs. John Snyder, of Orifino, Idaho, Mrs. Frank Rudy, of Monroe, Wis., 
and Archie at home. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 63 

HISTORY OF COMPANY E. 



Early in the Fall of 1861, Colonel John Dement of Dixon, 111., was 
authorized to raise a regiment of Infantry to be known as the Dement- 
Phalanx (not numbered). The nucleus of several companies were soon 
in a camp on the banks of Rock River, just West of the city of Dixon. 
At the approach of cold weather, barracks were prepared in what is now 
known as the Grand DuTour plow factory and the companies occupied 
them. When, in December, the government ordered the consolidation of 
all such skeleton regiments, these companies were consolidated, forming 
companies D, E, H and I. Company E was formed from Captain David 
Pride's Company from Ogle county, and Captain John M. Marble's 
company from Whiteside county, and officers were elected as follows: 
Captain, John M. Marble, of Bloomington, 111.; 1st Lieut., William Lane, 
of Morrison, and 2nd Lieut. William Plantz, of Oregon, 111. Capt. Marble 
had seen some service in Missouri, as a member of Company B, 13th 111. 
Inft., and was discharged from that regiment to accept promotion. 

Company E was composed almost entirely of farmers and farmers' 
sons, ranging in age from sixteen to fifty-two years. It remained in camp 
and barracks, drilling and doing guard duty, until the 5th of Feb'y, 1862, 
when it and the other companies in Dixon joined the balance of the 46th 
111., at Camp Butler, 111. 

The original enrollment of Company E was ninety officers and men, 
when it went to Camp Butler, and later, at different times, it received re- 
cruits until there were a total of 169 names enrolled during the service. 
Twenty-eight of this number died of disease and wounds, and twenty-eight 
were discharged by reason of wounds and disease. 



CAPT. JOHN M. MARBLE. 



Capt. John M. Marble was born at Harmony, Maine, and was a 
teacher by occupation. He was 23 years old at the time of enlistment. He 
was quite severely wounded at the battle of Shiloh, and commanded the 
company but little afterward, being on detached service, and resigned 
Aug. 8, 1864. 



1st LIEUT. WILLIAM LANE. 



Judge Lane was born in Hacketstown, N. J., Sept. 8, 1828, being a 
son of Mr. John H. Lane and Mrs. Mary Nightser Lane. They lived there 
until 1837, when they moved to Knox county, Ohio. Judge Lane was mar- 



64 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

ried in 1849 in Frederickstown, Ohio, to Miss Salina W. Woodcock. Of 
this union three children were born : — Wm. I., Fred G., and Harland B. In 
April 1854, he moved with his family to Unionville, Whiteside county, at 
which place he engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes. At the 
breaking out of the war in 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 46th Regiment 
Illinois Volunteers, in which company he received a commission of 1st 
Lieutenant. He was in the army about eighteen months, serving in the 
"Army of the Tennessee." His health failing, he became so feeble, that he 
resigned his commission and returned home. Shortly after he was ap- 
pointed to a clerkship in the revenue office and then promoted to deputy 
assessor of internal revenue. During this time he read law, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1863, practicing his profession until 1869, when he was 
elected as County Judge, which office he held for twelve years. In 1873 
he was elected alderman of the city of Morrison, and served two years. He 
was Justice of the Peace for a number of years. For many years he was 
school director, then member of the Board of Education three years, dur- 
ing which time he acted as secretary. He was one of the charter members 
of Dunlap Lodge, No. 321 A. F. & A. M. A member of Sterling Chapter 
No. 57 R. A. M. and one of the most prominent members of Dunlap Lodge, 
being its first Master and serving many years in that capacity. Up to the 
last two years he took an active interest in the workings of the order, and 
was nearly always present at the meetings. In 1872 his wife died, and in 
1874, he married Miss Jane Shafer, by whom he had one son, — ^Joseph S. 
As a lawyer, official and citizen, he was one in whom the people placed 
unbounded confidence. Lieut. Lane died at Morrison, 111., March 19, 1888, 
at the age of 59 years, 6 months and 11 days. The funeral services held 
Wednesday afternoon at the Presbyterian church, Rev. J. Frothingham, 
formerly pastor of the church in this city, officiating. The remains were 
then taken in charge by the Masonic fraternity and conveyed to Grove Hill 
cemetery where the beautiful rites were conducted and the brother con- 
signed to the tomb. A number of brethern from the different lodges of 
the county were present. 



2nd LIEUT. WM. A. PLANTZ. 



My parents were residents of Montgomery county. New York, near 
Tribes Hill, where I was born June 23, 1830, remaining there until Febru- 
ary, 1837, when they moved to St. Lawrence county, and in May, 1840, 
emigrated to Illinois, arriving at Light House Point, Ogle county, June 15, 
where they bought a farm and settled. The country being very sparsely 
settled, school houses were few and far between, consequently I received 
but limited education, having to do most of my studying at home. On the 
breaking out of the war with Mexico, being of a patriotic spirit, I en- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 65 

deavored to enlist in a company, being recruited at Ottawa, 111. Owing to 
my age, 16 years, and strenuous objections from my parents, I was refused, 
and remained on the farm until the war of the Rebellion, in 1861. Enlisted 
on Sept. 30, 1861, and joined with Capt. D. S. Pride in raising a company; 
we received 31 men who were put in camp at Dixon, where there were nine 
other companies being recruited. 

In the Fall came the call for 500,000 more. When the above partial 10 
companies were massed into 4 full companies, mine was Company "E," and 
upon its organization and election of officers, I was elected 2nd Lieut, my 
commission as such dating from Dec. 1st, 1861. Were ordered to Camp 
Butler, joining the 6 companies recruited at Freeport, commanded by Col. 
John A. Davis, this making the 46th Regiment 111. Vol. Inft. Remained 
but a few days at Camp Butler, when ordered to the front, joining Gen. 
Grant's Army at Ft. Donelson, on the Cumberland river, Tenn., that battle 
being fought on the 13th, 14th and 15th of Feb., 1862. The weather was 
very cold and our regiment not having either tents or blankets, much suf- 
fering was endured, we laid on the frozen ground to sleep, snowing every 
night during the battle, nevertheless, when morning came our men were 
ready for anything that was given them to do. 

After the surrender of Ft. Donelson, our regiment was ordered to Ft. 
Henry, arriving there cold, wet and tired; the roads were in deplorable 
condition. Were there about three weeks, were ordered up the river to 
Pittsburg Landing ; upon arriving were sent out about 3 miles from the 
landing, where we went into camp. 

There is where the enemy found us when Gen. Johnson and Beauregard 
attacked our army on the 6th and 7th of April and the battle of Shiloh 
or Pittsburg Landing was fought. I received a flesh wound below the 
knee on that Sunday morning (April 6th), when our army was driven back 
by the enemy. On the following day we recovered all the lost ground of 
the day before and won one of the decisive battles of the war. From ex- 
posures at Fts. Donelson and Henry, I was attacked with rheumatism, soon 
after arriving at Pittsburg Landing; about one week after the battle, was 
taken with dysentery, the regimental surgeon not being able to check it, I 
continued to get worse and worse, but remained with my company until 
we were near Corinth. I was unfitted for duty, then the doctor told me he 
had done all he could for me and if a change of climate would not help 
me, there was no medicine he knew of that would. There was nothing left 
but to do that, which I never hated to do more, resign my commission and 
go home, as I supposed, to die. After being home about three months I 
began slowly to get better, but the rheumatism has remained with me ever 
since, until now I am so badly crippled that I can hardly get around with 
the aid of a cane. 

Upon Oct. 7th, 1862, was married to Miss Phebe A. Mead, of Dixon. 
Two children, both boys, were born to us, who are still living. Remained 



66 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

upon my father's farm the first year after marriage, when I removed to 
Dixon and engaged in the grocery business for about a year, when I sold 
out and removed to Iowa Falls, Iowa, where I engaged in the same busi- 
ness, adding crockery and glassware. On Jan. 29th, 1867, received the ap- 
pointment of Postmaster, which I retained till April 9th, 1869. Remained 
there till the fall of 1872, when I again sold out on account of the failing 
health of my wife and moved to a warmer climate, California, arriving 
there Oct. 15th, 1872, where I purchased a farm near Newcastle, Placer 
county, and engaged in fruit growing, then in its infancy. I remained in 
that business there for 27 years. 

In Oct. 1899, sold out and came to this city, Bellingham, Wash., to 
reside, on Aug. 4th, 1901. My wife was injured in a runaway accident, 
from which she never recovered and passed away April 12th, 1902. Since 
the death of my wife I have resided with my eldest son at 2507 Eldridge 
Ave., this city. 

Joined the Masonic Order at Mt. Morris, Ogle county, 111., in May 
1857 ; Samuel H. Davis Lodge, No. 96 ; Nachusa Chapter, No. 56, at Dixon, 
111., in Sept. 1859. 

Joined Col. E. D. Baker Post, G. A. R., No. 72, at Newcastle, Placer 
county, Cal., upon its organization in 1884, and was elected its first Post 
Commander. Am now member of J. B. Steadman Post, No. 24, of this 
city. My address is 2507 Eldridge Avenue, Bellingham, Wash. 



CAPT. FRED. H. MARSH. 



Capt. Fred. H. Marsh was born in Dover, England, and was nineteen 
years old at the time of enlistment; was a farmer by occupation. He had 
seen some service in Missouri as a member of Co. H, 15th 111. Inft. He 
was promoted from Sergeant to 1st Lieut., Aug. 15, 1862, and to Captain 
Nov. 2, 1864. He was a very popular officer, brave and courageous and 
was loved by the members of his company for his kindness and genial ways. 
Was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La., and received his 
final discharge Feb. 2, at Springfield, 111. 

Since the war he held several important positions of trust ; was United 
States Marshal for four years, and resided at Chicago. Also held position 
as Chief of Police of the city of Chicago. He now resides at Rockford, 
Illinois, and is engaged in the active duties of life. Is a member of the 
G. A. R. and other fraternal orders. 





WM. N. HAINY 
1st Lieut. Co. E. 



WM. LAKE 
1st Lieut. Co. E. 





SAMUEL V. BOYER 
2nd Lieut. Co. E. 



W. A. PLANTZ 
2nd Lieut. Co. E. 



PLATH XV 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 67 



1st LIEUT. WM. M. HANEY. 



1st Lieut. Wm. M. Haney was born in Columbia, Warren county, New 
Jersey, June 10, 1842. He moved to Luzerene county. Pa., and resided 
there until Dec. 1856, when he moved to Whiteside county, 111., where he 
lived until the breaking out of the rebellion, with the exception of about 
two years, which time he spent in the South, in Issaquena county. Miss. 
Lieut. Haney came home from the South Oct. 10, 1861 ; enlisted from New 
Genesee township, Whiteside county, 111., Nov. 2, 1861, and was with the 
regiment till muster out. Was appointed Sergeant July, 1862, and 1st 
Lieut, to rank from Aug 8th, 1864. Resided in Sterling, 111., until Nov. 7, 
1877, v/hen he moved to Bellevue, Jackson Co., Iowa, where he lived until 
January 1897, when, having been elected clerk of the Dist. Court, he moved 
to Maquoketa, the county seat, where he now resides. 

He is, at the present time, engaged in the restaurant business. Previous 
to going South, he was engaged in farm work. Lieut. Haney is one of 
those good genial characters and his friends are numbered by the score. 



ALBERT SEIZICK. 



2nd Lieut. Albert Seizick was promoted to 2nd Lieut. July 3, 1862. He 
was born in Perleberg, Prussia, and was 33 years old at time of enlistment. 
By occupation Mr. Seizick was a farmer. He had served two years in the 
Prussian army and was a good drillmaster and a brave man. Was aid on 
Gen. Dornblaser's stafT and at the battle of Jackson Cross Roads he 
distinguished himself in carrying orders to the different parts of the com- 
mand in full view of the enemy. His gray horse made him a conspicuous 
mark for the rebel skirmishers along the entire battle line. He resigned 
July 11. 1864, and died some time since the close of the war. 



SAMUEL V. BOYER. 



Samuel V. Boyer was born December 22nd, 1839, on a farm in Union- 
ville, Whiteside county, 111. His father, Henry Boyer, was an ardent 
abolitionist, and for years, prior to the war, maintained an underground 
station, where negroes, fleeing from slavery, were fed, clothed and cared 
for until they could be safely transported to the next station en route for 
Canada. Samuel V. Boyer, even in his boyhood, was pressed into this 
service, and frequently conducted these negroes on to the next station, 
traveling with them by night only and then in the utmost secrecy. When 



68 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

not so employed he engaged in farming with his father until the fall of 
Fort Sumter in 1861. Immediately upon learning of this event he volun- 
teered as a private, and on October 10th, 1861, was mustered into Company 
E, 46th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, for three years, or during 
the war. After serving two years he re-enlisted in the same Regiment and 
Company as a veteran until the expiration of the war. 

He participated in numerous skirmishes and the following battles : — 
Fort Donelson, February 16th. 1862 ; battle of Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1862 ; 
siege of Corinth, battle of Matamora, siege of Vicksburg, battle of Jack- 
son Cross Roads, siege of Mobile, Ala., and in the battle of Fort Blakely. 
He was mustered out of the service January 20th, 1866, after having served 
four and a half years. During his service he was promoted four times, the 
last time to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 

At the close of the war he returned to his home in Unionville, 111., and 
shortly after engaged in the boot and shoe business at Fulton, 111., and 
continued in that place for twelve years. He then went on the road as a 
traveling salesman for a wholesale boot and shoe house, and worked in 
that capacity for twenty-seven years, and during the last twenty-three years 
he has been in the employ of the North Star Shoe Company of Minne- 
apolis, Minn. On February 25th, 1906, he retired from the road and ac- 
cepted a position in the office of the North Star Shoe Company. He now 
resides at Merriam Park, St. Paul, Minnesota. 

On June 7th, 1869, he married Mary E. Butnam of Fulton, 111., who is 
still living. Carl A. Boyer, his youngest son, a lawyer, died February 19th, 
1906. His remaining sons, Henry V. Boyer and Ralph W. Boyer, are en- 
gaged in the practice of law at No. 60 Wall Street, New York. 



PETER WELSH. 



Peter Welsh was born on the 17th of March, 1821, in Down county, 
in the North of Ireland. He was the youngest of four children and had 
two brothers, Morris and John, and one sister, Mary. They were left 
orphans at a tender age, the oldest brother, Morris, kindly looking after 
his brother Peter, who, being very young, needed this brother's care. The 
father and mother were taken very suddenly by fever and were both buried 
in the same grave. Peter Welsh's father was a full Welshman from Wales 
and his mother was Irish, an O'Neal, from Shaws Castle. The children 
were left a small estate, but this was gone by the time they were able to do 
for themselves, so they then had to depend on their own resources. The 
oldest boy, Morris, went to Canada West as soon as he was old enough 
and took up a tract of land near the place now called London. The spot 
was afterwards called Goshen, but at that time was a wilderness. By close 
attention and application, however, he soon had a nice little home and then 





ALBERT SEIZICK 
2nd Lieut. Co. E. 



PETER WELSH 
Private Co. E. 





THOMAS WAKEFIELD 
Capt. Co. F. 



F. M. LOLLAR 
Capt. Co. F. 



PLATE XVI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



sent for his brother Peter, who had remained in Ireland. Peter, for a time, 
made his home with Morris, but this life seemed tame to him and when he 
was offered a job as overseer over 200 men, working in an iron Ore bed 
at Normandale, Norfolk county, he accepted. He was, at that time, 21 
years old and well liked. On July 17th, 1841, he married a young French- 
woman, Marguerite D'Orsey. Of this union two children were born, 
George H. Welsh and Mary W^elsh, who are both still living — George H. 
Welsh of Boone, Iowa, and Mary Welsh Post of Chicago, 111. On May 
1st, 1847, his wife. Marguerite D'Orsey Welsh, died at Normandale, 
Canada West. On March 25th, 1849, he married again, another descendent 
of France, Miss Amie Louise Procunier, of which union four children were 
born, John, Peter, Charles and Josephine Welsh, all of whom are still 
living as well as the widow. Shortly after this marriage, in the year 1850, 
the family moved to the United States and made their home near Days- 
ville. Ogle County, 111. Peter went into farming and remained here until 
the Spring of 1856, when he got the western fever and moved to Iowa, 
crossing the Mississippi river on the 1st of May and journeyed by horse 
teams across the country with his family and household goods, passing 
through Des MIoines and west through the town of Homer, Hamilton 
county, to what was known as Beaver Grove, where he purchased a half 
section of land and stayed until the Fall of 1858 ; then he returned to Days- 
ville. 111., where he remained until the breaking out of the war in 1861. 
When President Lincoln called for men, Peter Welsh, who was an 
ardent Fremont man, was one of the first to respond and enlisted on Nov. 
4, 1861, and joined Company E, 46th 111. Inft. They went into Camp Butler 
and soon these honest farmers were being made into soldiers, to form one 
of the grandest armies the world has ever seen. Peter Welsh with his 
Regiment was at the battles of Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, where they 
suffered terribly from the cold and sleet, as they were not yet provided 
with tents. The weather was very inclement — rain, sleet and snow, — and 
the poor fellows had to sleep on the snow covered ground, with no cover 
except the cold and cheerless sky above them. 

Peter Welsh took part in the battle of Pittsburg Landing and then was 
taken ill with typhoid fever and carried back, while the 46th went on to 
Corinth. Death claimed him on May 4, 1862, when he was buried among 
Ills comrades in the National Cemetery at Shiloh. 



70 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY F. 



Enrolled, Dec. 30, 1861, 92 ; recruits from Jan. 1, '61, to '65, 85 ; trans- 
ferred from 11th 111., '65, 30. Total 207. 

Loss. — Killed by lightning, R. M. White, 1 ; discharged, wounded, 
Sergt. Calvin Crows, 1; died of wounds — W. H. Bryan, W. E. Logan, 
Lieut. W. S. Ingraham, John Stewart, 4; died of diseases, 48; discharged 
for disability, 21 ; discharged for promotion — Lieut. J. W. Barr, Sergt. 
J. B. Shadle, 2; mustered out, expiration of service, 45; mustered out, 
close of war, Jan. 20, 1866, 85. Total, 207. 

Soon after President Lincoln issued his proclamation for volunteers. 
Dr. Wm. Sloan, of South Muddy, Jasper county, wrote Governor Yates 
for permission to raise a company for service in the civil war. Obtaining 
permission to enlist volunteers he announced a public meeting at Ingraham, 
Clay county, at which addresses were made and fourteen men volunteered. 
These men boarded the train at Clay City and went to Camp Butler, six 
miles east of Springfield, 111. Dr. Sloan reported his arrival to Governor 
Yates and was assigned to a regiment, then being formed and designated, 
and afterwards known as the Forty-Sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteers. 
Dr. Sloan was also given the letter "F," by which his company should 
be designated. Dr. Sloan returned to Ingraham and enlisted fifteen other 
men, taking them to Camp Butler. John Shaw and Simpson Johnson, of 
Jasper county, were sent home on recruiting service and returned with 
seventeen recruits, among whom was Thomas Wakefield, a resident farmer 
and stock dealer in the southern part of Jasper county. Wakefield had seen 
service in the Mexican war and was deemed a valuable accession to the 
company. During the absence of Shaw and Johnson, John W. Barr, who 
was acting as sergeant major of the regiment, and was brother-in-law to 
the colonel, made himself agreeable to the men by drilling them, and in 
other ways, offered himself as 1st Lieutenant of the company. He was 
quick and capable and made a good officer, but he was a stranger, and the 
first lieutenancy had probably been promised to Johnson. When Johnson 
returned from recruiting service and finding that the men had made choice 
of Barr for Lieutenant, he decided to return home. 

By December 25, the company numbered 92 men and Thomas Wake- 
field was elected Captain ; John W. Barr 1st Lieut., and Winfield S. In- 
graham, 2nd Lieut. The company was mustered into the service of the 
United States for three years, Dec. 30, 1861, by Capt. Watson. We were 
encamped at Clear Lake, living in tents, until Dec. 26. when we moved to 
Barracks, three miles east from Springfield. On the 10th day of February, 
1862, Governor Yates came out to our quarters and made a speech in which 
he said, "The 46th is imder orders to go direct to the front. The people 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 71 

of Illinois will watch you in your marches and the battles you will fight and 
hope to have a good report of you when you meet the enemy." 

On the 11th of February we left Springfield for Fort Donelson, Tenn., 
and the next day after our arrival we were on the firing line supporting a 
battery. The company sustained no loss, though the regiment did. On 
our way to Donelson Capt. Wakefield left the company on a short leave of 
absence, leaving Lieutenant Barr in command. After the surrender of 
Fort Donelson the company was detailed to guard captured property. The 
boys found among the stores new Enfield rifles and for these they ex- 
changed their worthless Harper's Ferry muskets. 

Sunday morning, April 5, 1862, between 8 and 9 o'clock, the company 
reached the line of battle and at once the terrific day's work began. Capt. 
Wakefield, having returned to duty, was in command. In a very short time 
Lieutenants Barr and Ingraham were wounded. Barr recovered from his 
wounds and after several months' absence returned to duty. 

Lieutenant Ingraham died from the effect of his wound at Keokuk, 
Iowa, April 23, 1862. Sergeant Calvin Crows was seriously wounded, 
losing one eye and part of the skull above the eye. Private Wm. H. Bryan 
was mortally wounded and died a few days later at the hospital in Evans- 
ville, Ind. Privates Brant, Knowles, Shu'ler, Corder and Sergeant Elder 
were wounded, though not seriously. 

Our line was broken and the regiment fell back, many of the men to 
their camp. At noon the regiment was again in line under command of 
Lieut.-Col. John J. Jones. Company F was commanded by Private W. S. 
Logan Sunday afternoon and Monday morning, and in the battle Monday 
he was mortally wounded and died at Evansville, Ind., April 24, 1862. 

On the battle field of Shiloh Logan proved himself to be every inch a 
soldier. Fifer F. M. Lollar at noon borrowed Elisha Manning's gun and 
went into the ranks and was wounded on Monday. Manning was sick and 
was ordered to the river. 

Before the battle of Shiloh John Shaw was promoted to 1st Sergeant, 
and 1st Sergeant Jesse B. Shadle reduced to Sergeant and appointed 
Company Clerk. John Shaw served as 2nd Lieutenant from April 8 to 
Dec, 1862, when he was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant. 

Dec, 1862, musician Lollar asked to be relieved from musician service. 
Captain Wakefield said, "If you will take a gun I will make you a Ser- 
geant," which was done. April 20, 1864, Shaw was promoted to 1st Lieut., 
vice Barr, discharged to accept service in Second Mississippi Heavy Ar- 
tillery, and on July 24, 1864, Lollar was made 2nd Lieut. December, 1864, 
Captain Wakefield and Lieutenant Shaw were mustered out by reason of 
expiration of term of service, and Lollar was promoted to Captain. 



72 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

First Sergeant Alvin T. Byrne was promoted to 1st Lieut., and Ser- 
geant John L. Carter to 2nd Lieut. December 1863, and January 1864, 
thirty-four members of the company re-enlisted as veteran volunteers, and 
went home on a thirty day furlough. 



CAPTAIN THOMAS WAKEFIELD. 



Captain Wakefield was born in Monroe county, Indiana, Oct. 14th, 
1827. Enlisted in the 3rd Indiana Volunteers and served under General 
Taylor in the war with Mexico; was in the battle of Buena Vista. He 
moved to Illinois in 1852 and located in Richland county, Illinois, where 
he entered into the mercantile business. Later on this place was called 
Wakefield and is today a place of considerable business. He moved to 
Jasper county in 1859 and located on a farm and was engaged in farming 
and stock raising, when secession advocates fired on our flag. 

Captain Wakefield enlisted Nov. 20, 1861 ; was elected Captain and 
was mustered into the U. S. service as such Dec. 30, 1861, for three years ; 
was mustered out at the expiration of term of service. He, with twenty 
of his company, was captured at Vicksburg, Miss., May 1863, taken into 
Vicksburg and paroled the next day. 

Capt. Wakefield participated in most of the battles, skirmishes and 
marches, in which the Company took part. 



1st LIEUT. JOHN W. BARR. 



1st Lieut. John W. Barr was born at Columbus, Ohio, March 12, 1840. 
He moved to Rock Run township, Illinois, in 1860 ; enlisted in Oct., 1861, 
and was appointed Sergeant-Major Oct. 15, 1861, and soon after was com- 
missioned 1st Lieut, of Company F, and mustered Dec. 30, 1861. Lieut. 
Barr participated in the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh and Hatchie 
river; was with his company in all the marches and the sieges of Vicks- 
burg and Jackson in 1863. He was promoted to the rank of Captain in the 
6th U. S. Artillery Nov. 22, 1863, and soon after was detailed as an Act- 
ing Ordinance officer and reported to Gen. Crocker, at Natchez, Miss., 
serving as such for the Southern District of Mississippi and attached to the 
staff of Gen. J. W. Davidson and served in this position until muster out 
at Vicksburg, May 25, 1866. 

Lieut. Barr was married to Lottie H. Davis, Dec. 25, 1860, now de- 
ceased. In 1883 he married Agnes S. McLanahan. Soon after leaving the 
service he moved to Iowa and settled at Vinton. He is a member of the 
Vinton Lodge No. 62, A. F. & A. M., Adoneran Chapter No. 15, R. A. M., 





JOHN BARR 
1st Lieut. Co. F, Capt. 6th U. S. Artillery 



JOHN SHAW 
1st Lieut. Co. F. 





WINFIELD S. INGRAHAM 
2nd Lieut. Co. F, killed at Shiloh. 



J. L. CARTER 
2nd Lieut. Co. F. 



PLATE XVII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 73 

Cyprus Commandary No. 37, and P. M. Coder Post No. 98, G. A. R. By 
occupation he is a cabinet maker and has been engaged in the furniture 
business continuously since at Vinton, Iowa. He is father of eight chil- 
dren. Capt. Barr is prominent in his home city and takes an active part 
in affairs of the State and Nation. 



FRANCIS M. LOLLAR. 



Francis M. Lollar was born at Ingraham, Clay Co., Illinois, Sept. 14, 
1840, and grew up on a farm. He was educated in a district school and 
taught one term before the civil war. Enlisted in Company F, Oct. 4, 

1861, and was appointed Fifer; was wounded at battle of Shiloh April 7, 

1862. Appointed Sergeant in Dec, 1862, and 1st Sergt., Jan. 17, 1863. On 
Dec. 22, 1863, he re-enlisted as a Veteran Volunteer; June 9, 1864, was ap- 
pointed 2nd Lieut, by Governor Yates, and January 31, 1865, Captain, by 
Governor Oglesby. He participated in the battles of Fort Donelson, Shi- 
loh, Hatchie, Vicksburg, Jackson Cross Roads, and Blakely. Captain 
Lollar was appointed by General Dornblaser, "Provo Martial of Freed- 
men" for Wynne Parish, with headquarters at Winfield, La., in 1865. 
Mustered out of U. S. service, Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. 

March 29, 1866, he married Miss Mary Eliza Ingraham and located on a 
farm, where he resided till 1904, when he sold the farm and moved toOlney, 
Illinois. His family consists of 4 girls and 3 boys. During the Winter of 
1874-75 he attended school and subsequently taught six terms in public 
schools. He was made an Elder in the Christian Church at Ingraham and 
in 1880 entered the ministry, and has been engaged in this service since. 



LIEUT. W. S. INGRAHAMu 



Winfield Scott Ingraham was born in 1839, at Ingraham, Clay county, 
Illinois, where he received a common school education. He grew up on a 
farm and had taught one or two terms of school, in which he gave promise 
of becoming a very useful man. He answered the call for three months 
volunteers and went to Springfield. The State's quoto being full he re- 
turned home. In September 1861, he, with a few others, went to Spring- 
field and enlisted in what subsequently became Co. F, 46th 111. Volunteers 
and was made 2nd Lieutenant. He was wounded at Shiloh, Tenn., April 
6, 1862, and died at Keokuk, Iowa, April 23, 1862. His body was brought 
home and buried in the beautiful cemetery at Ingraham. 



74 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

LIEUT. JOHN SHAW. 



John Shaw was born near Vevay, Switzerland county, Indiana, Oct. 
25, 1829. When of school age attended the district school for two or three 
months during the winter, and in summer assisted his father on the farm. 
In Sept., 1848, entered Indiana Asbury University and pursued a course 
of study there until Spring of 1852, when he left the halls of College to 
begin life as a farmer. This, with occasional trips down to Vicksburg and 
New Orleans, with flat boats loaded with produce of the farm, occupied 
his time until September 1859. He moved to Jasper county. 111., and be- 
gan to open up a farm and make a home in that community. 

The breaking out of the war in April, 1861, disturbed his dreams of a 
peaceful life on the farm and he held himself in readiness to enlist, should 
his service be required. He arranged his affairs and exerted his influence 
to induce others to enlist. On Oct. 4, 1861, he enlisted in what eventually 
became Company F, 46th 111. Inft., and was mustered in as a private, Dec. 
30, 1861. He was promoted from Sergeant to 2nd Lieut., Dec. 26, 1862, 
to rank from April 7, 1862; promoted to 1st. Lieut., Nov. 22, 1863, and 
mustered as such April 21, 1864. He was mustered out Dec. 29, 1864, by 
reason of expiration of term of service. 

Lieut. Shaw married, April 14, 1853, Miss Cecilia Harriet Golay. A 
daughter was born to them, who died in infancy. His wife died a few 
years ago and he now makes his home with friends at Vevay, Ind. He 
taught school several terms during his College days. He was considered 
a good flat boat pilot on the Ohio and Mississippi river in the days before 
the war, and the shores were familiar to him then, but the devastations of 
war and the changes made in and along the shores made all things look 
different. Lieut. Shaw is one of those noble characters, mild in dispo- 
sition, generous to a fault, brave and courageous in battle and was loved 
and respected by the members of his company and of the regiment. 



2nd LIEUT. JOHN L. CARTER. 



Lieut. Carter was born in Washington county, Ind., May 13, 1887. 
Moved with his parents to Richland county, Illinois, Nov. 1849, and assisted 
his father on the farm. He being the eldest, he devoted his time and labor 
to make a living for a large family. School privileges were not good at 
this early time, thus Lieut. Carter was deprived of good school advantages. 
On Nov. 17, 1861, he enlisted in Company F, 46th 111. Inft., and was 
mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 8, 1861 ; was later appointed to Cor- 
poral; promoted to Sergeant, March 1864, and to 2nd Lieut, March 9, 
1865. He participated in all the battles and marches except the siege of 





H. H. CRAVENS 
Private Co. F. 



CHAS. BOYD 
Sergt. Co. F. 





MILTON WAKEFIELD 
Sergt. Co. F. 



JOHN STANLEY 
Private Co. F. 



PLATE XVIII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 75 

Corinth, being sick at that time and was in hospital at Pear Ridge and 
Hamburg, Tenn., for a while. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, and arrived 
home February 6, 1866, serving over four years. Lieut. Carter settled at 
Ingraham and engaged in farming. He died in February, 1907. 



1st LIEUT. ALVIN T. BYRNE. 



First Lieutenant Alvin T. Byrne was born in Clark county, Ind., 1842. 
Enlisted in Company F, Nov. 20, 1861 ; re-enlisted as Veteran Volunteer 
Dec. 22, 1863. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

He participated in the battles and sieges of Donelson, Shiloh, Hatchie, 
Vicksburg, Jackson Cross Roads, and Fort Blakely, Ala. He commanded 
the company from July to Dec. 1865, and was promoted from 1st Sergeant 
to 1st Lieutenant, March 1865. 

He married Miss Mariah Guard. One son died July 30, 1876, and was 
buried at Wakefield, Illinois. 



HARRY H. CRAVENS. 



Harry H. Cravens was born August 28, 1845, married Orpha Breed- 
love, Feb. 4, 1873, and died August 27, 1876.- Enlisted in Co. F, November 
20, 1861, and re-enlisted as Veteran Volunteer Dec. 22, 1863. He was 
mustered out January 20, 1866. Participated in the battles of Fort Donel- 
son, Shiloh, siege of Corinth, Hatchie, Vicksburg and Blakely. He also 
acted as company drummer. 

He loved his country as his God, 

To serve them both he tried; 

Angels guard his sleeping dust, 

'Till Jesus comes to raise the Just. 



JOHN C. STANLEY. 



John C. Stanley was born in Hardin county, Ky., March 7, 1842. En- 
listed in Co. F, Jan. 1, 1862, joining the company at Fort Henry, Tenn., 
Feb. 24, 1862. He participated in the battles and sieges of Shiloh, Corinth, 
Hatchie, Vicksburg, Jackson Cross Roads, and capture of Blakely and 
Mobile. Assisted A. T. Byrne in carrying W. H. Bryan from Shiloh battle- 
field, April 6, 1862. Jan. 1, 1864 he re-enlisted as Veteran Volunteer and 
was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. 

He married Paulina King in Oct. 1866, and on Feb. 17, 1868, he was 
united with Nancy E. Courtright. Twelve children were born to these 
Unions. Since the war he has been engaged in saw milling, threshing grain 
and farming. Resides (1907) on a farm at Dundas, Illinois. 



76 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



CHARLES BOYD. 



Charles Boyd was born in Tyrone County, Ireland, May 12, 1847, be- 
ing the youngest of a family of seven children, and came to this country 
with his mother in 1857. He enlisted as a private at Camp Butler, Illinois, 
in Company F, 4Gth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, on January 1, 
1862. With his company, he was engaged in the actions at Fort Donelson, 
in February, 1862, Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1862, siege of Corinth, battle of 
Hatchie, siege of Vicksburg, siege of Jackson, battle of Jackson Cross 
Roads, siege and charge of Fort Blakely and capture of Mobile. He re- 
enlisted as Veteran Volunteer on Jan. 4, 1864, and was mustered out Jan. 
20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La., having attained the rank of 2nd Sergeant. 
After the war, he engaged in farming in Champaign county, Illinois, until 
a few years ago, when he quit that, and is at present a United States Rural 
Mail Carrier at Rantoul, 111. 



MICHAEL J. WHEELER. 



Michael J. Wheeler was born Feb. 29, 1846, at Dundas, Richland 
county, Illinois. He was raised on a farm, educated in a district school, 
and enlisted in Company F, Feb. 10, 1864. He participated in the charge 
on Blakely and capture of Mobile, Ala., April 9-12, 1865. Was sick in 
general hospital at Vicksburg, Miss. With this exception was with the 
Company from enlistment to muster out, and had a share in the services of 
every kind. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. 

He married Margaret J. McWilliams, Jan. 8, 1871. Has one child. 
At this time (1907) is stock raiser, fruit grower and postmaster at Dundas, 
Illinois. 



MILTON WAKEFIELD. 



Milton Wakefield was born March 7, 1845, in Putnam coui.lj, Indiana. 
Milton was raised on a farm and educated in a district school. He en- 
listed in Company F, Nov. 20, 1861. was elected Corporal in Dec, 1861, 
and promoted to Sergeant. Participated in the battles of Fort Donelson 
and Shiloh, Tenn., siege of Corinth and battle of Hatchie, Miss., 1862, siege 
of Vicksburg and Jackson, 1863, and battle of Cross Roads, near Jackson, 
July 7, 1864. Was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, and settled on a farm in 
Jasper county. He married Mary C. Horton, to which union six children 
were born. His first wife died and was united in marriage a second time 
to Mrs. Sarah Alcorn. Was elected Supervisor of his township. At this 
time (1907) resides on a farm near Newton, 111. 





M. J. WHEELER 
Private Co. F. 



WM. YOUNG 
Capt. Co. G. 







ROBERT M. SMITH 
Capt. Co. G. 



SAMUEL BUCHANAN 
Capt. Co. G. 



PLATE XIX 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 77 



HISTORY OF COMPANY G. 

About the middle of Sept. 1861, Wm. Young and Moses R. Thompson 
commenced to recruit a company to be assigned to the 46th Regiment. With 
the aid of others and the influence of the loyal citizens of Stephenson 
county, the company was filled to the required number. An election re- 
sulted in the choice of Wm. Young for Captain, Thomas M. Hood, 1st. 
Lieut, and Moses R. Thompson, 2nd Lieut. Robert Smith, 'Thomas M. 
Hood and Emanuel Faust of Company "B" were sent home by Colonel 
Davis to assist in the formation of this company. Robert Smith was chosen 
or appointed Orderly Sergeant. 

Early in October the company proceeded to Camp Butler and 
was mustered into the U. S. service Oct. 15, 1861, and assigned to the 46th 
as Company "G." The officers elected soon after received their commis- 
sions from Gov. Yates. In the battle of Fort Donelson there were no 
casualties in Company G. At Shiloh two were killed on the field and five 
died of wounds afterward. In the advance and siege of Corinth no one was 
wounded, but there was much suffering from fever, caused by impure 
water. At the battle of Matamora on the Hatchie river, Oct. 5, 1862, 
Lieut. Moses R. Thompson was mortally wounded while acting as adjutant 
and died Oct. 10. At the siege of Vicksburg, 1863, there were no casual- 
ties in battle. At the siege of Jackson, 1863, no casualties. At the 
battle of Jackson Cross Roads, 1864, two were mortally wounded. At the 
siege and charge of Fort Blakely, April 9, 1865, no casualties. Company 
G took an active part in receiving the surrender of the rebel army and 
taking charge of the supplies and assisting in the many duties in con- 
nection with the paroling of the Confederate army. The company went 
with the regiment up to Shreveport to assist in the taking and guarding 
surrendered property of the army of the department of Texas. 

Company G was composed mostly of farmers and farmers' sons. Quite 
a number of young men or boys named themselves the Young Lions or 
Young's Lions. True to the name, they were as playful and frolicsome a 
set of boys as ever carried a gun. Without hardly an exception they were 
all brave and honorable in all their duties. For fun there was no end or 
limit, and pity to the one that could not take a joke. 



CAPTAIN WM. YOUNG. 



Capt. Wm. Young was born in Union county. Pa., Feb. 9, 1820. Came 
to Stephenson county, Illinois, in company with his father, Robert Young, 
and located two miles west of Cedarville, in the j^ear 1839. Soon after he 



78 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

located in Rock Run township, but shortly after moved to Lancaster town- 
ship, where he engaged in farming. In the summer of 1861, he recruited 
Company G, 46th 111., with the assistance of Lieut. M. R. Thompson and 
Lieut. Thomas M. Hood. He was chosen Captain and was mustered Oct. 
8, 1861. Was engaged at the battle of Donelson in Feb. 1862. At the 
battle of Shiloh he was severely wounded, having his lower jaw broken 
and was helped off the field of battle. He was sent home on leave of ab- 
sence, returning to the regiment some time in the Fall of 1862. On account 
of the nature of his disability it was difficult for him to masticate the army 
rations, notwithstanding this he served his company with great earnestness 
of purpose, making many sacrifices for the cause of the Union. Captain 
Young enforced good discipline, but at the same time was always ready to 
listen to the members of his company in all their trials and difficulties. At 
the battle of the Hatchie, Capt. Young was the ranking Captain and acted 
as Major during the campaign. He had already distinguished himself at 
Donelson and at Shiloh. He was exceptionally brave and courageous and 
was loved and respected by all his men. Captain Young resigned April 12, 
1863. 

On his return to Stephenson county he was elected County Treasurer, 
serving one term. He served Lancaster township as supervisor. 
He married Miss Ann Reitzell, who was born in Lancaster county, Pa. 
There were born to them six children, James H., John C, Jonathan R., 
Sarah, Elizabeth and Mary. His wife died some years after his return 
from the army. Some years after he married a lady of Freeport and 
moved to the city to reside. At one time he lived in Silver Creek town- 
ship and engaged in farming. Died in Freeport in July, 1891, and was 
buried at the Young cemetery in Lancaster township. 



LIEUT. THOMAS M. HOOD. 



Thomas M. Hood enlisted in Company B, 46th 111. Infantry, from Rock 
Run township, Sept. 10, 1861, at the age of about 30 years. Was elected 
1st Sergeant of the company in competition with James Duncan. Soon 
after arriving at Camp Butler he, with others, was sent home to assist in 
recruiting Company G, and on the formation of this company he was 
elected 1st Lieut., and transferred from Company B to receive promotion. 
He proved to be a fine and capable officer. Participated in siege and battle 
of Fort Donelson. At the battle of Shiloh he was killed, while assisting 
in the command of the company. A widow survived him, who resides 
somewhere in the West. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



1st LIEUT. MOSES R. THOMPSON. 



1st Lieut. Moses R. Thompson was born in Draumfargus, parish 
Donnaughmore, county Donegal, Ireland, Oct. 9th, 1816. Emigrated to 
America when a young man and located at Pittsburg, Pa., where he was 
engaged in mercantile business. About the year 1850 he moved to Free- 
port and for a time located on a farm, but again engaged in mercantile 
pursuits in company with a Mr. Frank, where the firm established a lucra- 
tive trade and continued in this business up to time he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, 46th 111. Infantry, Oct. 15th, 1861. He was chosen 2nd Lieut, and 
on the death of 1st Lieut. Thomas M. Hood, who was killed at Shiloh, he 
was commissioned 1st Lieut, to rank from April 7, 1862. He participated 
at battle of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth and all the marches 
with the regiment. At the battle of Matamora, October 5th, 1862, on the 
Hatchie river, while acting as adjutant of the regiment, he was mortally 
wounded and was taken to Bolivar, Tenn., in an ambulance, where he died 
Oct. 10, 1862. 

Lieut. Thompson was a member of the Masonic Fraternity and had 
attained to a high degree in the order. His memory has been honored by 
his brother masons in naming, Masonic Moses R. Thompson Lodge. 

He was brave, patriotic, upright in all his dealings with his comrades ; 
loved and honored by soldier and citizen. He is buried in the cemetery 
at Freeport, 111. 



MICHAEL J. APPLETON. 



Michael J. Appleton enlisted in Company G, 46th 111. Inft., Oct. 15, 1861, 
under the name of Michael J. Cooper. His father died when Michael was 
quite young. His mother married a second time to a Mr. Cooper, and they 
called the boy Cooper, by which name he grew up to manhood and entered 
the service. After returning, he chose to assume his correct name, but will 
always be remembered by his many comrades as Michael J. Cooper. He 
proved to be a gallant soldier and rose from private to a non-commissioned 
officer and to Orderly Sergeant of his company. On April 12, 1863, was 
promoted to 2nd Lieut., and on Nov. 14, 1863, to grade of 1st Lieut. He 
participated in all the marches, battles and sieges, in which the regiment 
was engaged, up to time of his resignation, Aug. 11, 1864. 

Lieutenant Cooper was about 25 years old when he entered service. On 
account of critical illness he had lost the power of speech and could only 
speak in a whisper, rendering him totally unable to direct his company. 
After returning he engaged in farming near Winslow, 111., and soon married 
and moved to Bloomfield, Iowa, where he now resides. After a few years 
his health improved and he again recovered his speech. 



80 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



CAPTAIN ROBERT SMITH. 



Robert Smith was born in Canada, March 13, 1838, and in early youth 
came to Stephenson county, 111., and located near Lena, 111. Attended the 
common schools at this place and fitted himself for a teacher and taught 
a number of terms near his home. Later he prepared himself for the 
ministry. In Sept. 1861, he enlisted in Company B. 46th 111. Inft, and on 
Sept. 10 was appointed 5th Sergeant. Was sent to Freeport, 111., from 
Camp Butler, by order of Col. John A. Davis, to assist in recruiting Com- 
pany G, and, on the arrival of this company at Camp Butler, was trans- 
ferred from Company B to Company G to accept promotion as 1st Sergeant 
of the latter company. For faithful services and meritorious conduct at the 
battle of Shiloh, on the death of Lieut. Thomas M. Hood, who was killed 
at this battle, he was promoted to 2nd Lieut, to date from April 7, 1862. On 
the death of Lieut. Moses R. Thompson, killed at battle of Hatchie, he 
was promoted 1st Lieut, to date from Oct. 6, 1862. After the resignation 
of Capt. Wm. Young, April 12, 1863, he was promoted to Captain and 
served his company with credit and ability. After the surrender of Vicks- 
burg he was detailed on detached service in connection with the Quarter- 
master's department. On account of failing health he was relieved from 
the arduous duties of this position and for a while was in care of the regi- 
mental surgeon, Benj. H. Bradshaw. After his recovery he again resumed 
command of his company and, on the expiration of his term of enlistment, 
was mustered out of the service at Memphis, Tenn., Dec. 28, 1864. Captain 
Smith participated in battle and siege of Fort Donelson in Feb., 1862. At 
the battle of Shiloh he took a conspicuous part and distinguished himself 
for bravery on the battlefield. In the battle of Hatchie, as a commissioned 
officer, he rendered valuable service, being brave and courageous. At the 
siege of Vicksburg he commanded his company with skill and ability and 
on the evening in May, when a night attack was made on the picket line 
of the 46th, he directed his men to fire into the ranks of the enemy, check- 
ing their movements in capturing the balance of the regiment. 

Capt. Smith was married to a southern lady by name of Miss Adams, 
sometime in the Summer of 1862, who resided at La Grange, Tenn., Chaplain 
David Teed of the 46th officiating. After his service in the army, he 
brought his young bride north and engaged in the ministry in the Baptist 
church, serving in the States of Wisconsin, Kansas and Iowa. He was a 
man of great force and ability, a brilliant orator and had many calls to 
speak at public gatherings of the G. A. R., and also in ministerial work in 
revival services. He was a man positive in his expressions in all interests 
of public concern, always speaking his convictions in earnestness, irre- 
spective of friend or foe. He died at Eldora, Iowa, May 20, 1894. The 
widow and large family of grown sons and daughters survive him. 





D. D. DIFFENBAUGH 
Capt. Co. G. 



T. C. LAIRD 
1st Lieut. Co. G. 





^ ■ 



THOMAS E. JOINER 
2nd Lieut. Co. G. 



THOMAS ALLEN 
1st Lieut. Co. G. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 81 



CAPT. SAMUEL BUCHANAN. 



Capt. Samuel Buchanan was born March 7, 1885, in Somerset 
county, Pa. He was engaged in farming while there, removing to Illinois 
in the spring of 1856 and followed the same occupation in Buckeye town- 
ship. Enlisted in Company G, 46th 111., at its first organization, as a 
private. Promoted to Sergeant and enrolled and mustered in on the 8th 
day of October, 1861. Re-enlisted as a Veteran, Dec. 23, 1863 ; promoted 
to 2nd Lieut., March 1st, 1864, and to Captain Dec. 28th, 1864. Partici- 
pated in all the marches and battles with the regiment. Resigned from the 
service on account of ill health March 27, 1864. 

After his return from the service he again engaged in farming, until 
the year 1886, when he accepted a position with the Henney Buggy Com- 
pany at Freeport, 111., as watchman. On account of failing health, in 1890, 
he removed to Cedarville, 111., and retired from active work. Captain 
Buchanan was married to Miss Amanda Walters a few years after return- 
ing from the service. They have no children. For many years he was an 
active member of the evangelical church at Cedarville. Was loved and 
respected for his sterling qualities and kindness of heart. He was an in- 
valid for a number of years and died June 7, 1900. 



D. D. DIFFENBAUGH. 



D. D. Dififenbaugh was born in Lancaster Co., Pa., Nov. 22, 1840 ; was 
educated in the Public Schools of the day. When 12 years of age he went 
to Baltimore, Md., there learning a trade with an older brother. Left 
Baltimore in 1859 for Freeport, 111., where he spent the summer and fall 
in the store of his brother, the late J. D. Diffenbaugh; left Freeport that 
Fall for Virginia, spending the winter in Richmond and Winchester, re- 
turning in the Spring of 1860 to Lancaster, Pa., and remaining there till 
the breaking out of the war in 1861. Left Lancaster, Pa., in the summer 
of 1861, again for Freeport, 111., and when, in Sept. of that year, 1861, Com- 
pany G. of the 46th Regiment was organized, he enlisted in that Company 
and Regiment, serving throughout the war. He was in the service from 
Sept. 15, 1861, to muster out of the Regiment as a Veteran organization, 
March 20, 1866, making 4 years and 3 months continuous service. Pro- 
moted to 1st Sergeant, April, 1863; 2nd Lieut., Aug. 23, 1864; 1st Lieut., 
March 20, 1865; Capt, Oct. 1, 1865. Participated in all the battles and 
sieges of the Regiment from Fort Donelson, 1861, to surrender of Mobile 
in 1865. He had two brothers in the service, one in the 8th 111. Cavalry, 



82 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

killed at Gettysburg, and the other in a Pennsylvania Regiment, wounded 
at Fredericksburg, Va. After the war, on June 1, 1866, went to Monmouth, 
111., and engaged in the Mercantile trade, at which place and occupation 
he has been continuously for the last 40 years. 



1st LIEUT. THOMAS C. LAIRD. 



1st Lieutenant Thomas C. Laird, Company G, 46th 111. Vet. Inft., was 
born near Lewisburg, Pa., Aug. 20, 1840, and removed with his parents to 
Stephenson county. 111., in May, 1849. He worked on farm until Sept. 12, 
1861, when he enlisted as private in Company G, 46th 111., and was mus- 
tered into U. S. service October 8, 1861, and served with the Regiment 
until muster-out of same. Participated in all the engagements and marches 
of the Regiment except battle of Hatchie, being ill at the' time. Was ap- 
pointed Corporal after the battle of Shiloh ; Sergeant in Sept., '62. Com- 
missioned 2nd Lieutenant in March, 1865 ; fst Lieutenant in July 1865. 
Was detailed on detached service as Ass't Com. of Subsistence after sur- 
render of Mobile and stationed at Macon, Miss., as Post Adj't at Grand 
Ecore, La., in the summer of 1865. Upon the removal of the Regiment to 
Shreveport, La., he was detailed as Regimental Quartermaster and served 
until muster-out of the Regiment. 

After his return from the army he remained in Stephenson county, 
111., and assisted on his father's farm. In 1870 he removed to Webster 
county, Neb., and took up a homestead. In the Fall of 1871 he returned to 
Stephenson county. 111., and on Nov. 7, 1871, was married to Mary Ellen 
Bell, daughter of Robert and Ann Bell. Returned to Nebraska soon 
after and engaged in farming and stock raising until 1886. While here he 
was the first Justice of the Peace elected in the precinct, and also held 
position as a Notary Public. In the Spring of '86 moved to Lawrence 
Nuckolls county, and engaged in the grocery business for three years, and 
in Nov. 1889 was appointed Postmaster, which position he now holds. 

He is a member of C. A. Arthur Post, No. 242, department of Ne- 
braska, and has served either as Commander or Adjutant since the or- 
ganization in 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Laird have three children living, two 
sons and one daughter. Lieut. Laird is one of those noble characters, 
public spirited, generous, and loved and respected by all his Company 
comrades, as well as by the public where he resides. 




MOSES R. THOMPSON 

1st Lieut. Co. G, died of wounds received 

at Hatchie. 




M. J. COOPER 
1st Lieut. Co. G. 





THOMAS M. HOOD JOHN STEVENS 

1st. Lieut. Co. G, killed at Battle Capt. Co. H, died of wounds received at 

Battle of Shiloh. 



of Shiloh. 



PLATE XXI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 83 



1st LIEUT. THOMAS ALLEN. 



Thomas Allen was a resident of Dakota, III, before the war. En- 
listed in Company G, 46th 111. Infantry as a private ; was promoted to 2nd 
Lieut. Oct. 6, 1862, and to 1st Lieut. April 12, 1863. He participated in 
the battle of Fort Donelson, battle of Shiloh and siege of Corinth, and 
battle of Matamora. He was about 28 years old at time of enlistment. 
Resigned Aug. 11, 1863. Place of residence not known. 



LIEUT. THOMAS E. JOINER. 



Lieut. Thomas E. Joiner, Company G, 46th 111. Inft., was bom in 
Ohio, March 3, 1841. Came to Freeport, 111., with his parents in 1855, 
and assisted on the farm near Freeport until Oct., 1861, when he enlisted 
and reported with his Company at Camp Butler, and was mustered in on 
Oct. 15, 1861. He was in every engagement, skirmish and march in which 
the Regiment participated. Re-enlisted in January, 1864. Served as Color 
Bearer from the first day's battle at Shiloh, until after the capture of 
Fort Spanish and Blakely, near Mobile, Ala., April 9, 1865. He was pro- 
moted to 2nd Lieut, Oct. 1, 1865, and acted as Assistant Quartermaster, 
Department of New Orleans, until mustered out Jan. 20th, 1866. 

After returning from service he engaged in farming near Freeport, 111., 
until 1869. He then moved to Montgomery county, Mo., and again en- 
gaged in farming until March, 1882, when he moved to Humboldt county, 
Iowa, where he settled on a half section of wild prairie land, improving it 
and engaged in stock raising, residing here and enjoying good health and 
prosperity. In June, 1900, he moved to the city of Humboldt, retiring 
from the more active duties of life. Lieut. Joiner was married near Free- 
port, 111., in Oct., 1866, to Miss Sarah S. Talmage, of Chicago, 111. They 
have one son and two grand sons. He is a member of the G. A. R. His 
home is always open to the comrades. 



84 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HISTORY OF COMPANY H. 



Company H was recruited mainly in Lee and Ogle counties by John 
Stevens, John A. Hughes and Fred. W. Pike, who were duly chosen as 
Captain, 1st and 2nd Lieutenants, respectively, and later commissioned 
by Gov. Yates. 

On the death of Capt. Stevens, wounded at Shiloh, Tenn., Lieut. 
Hughes was promoted to Captain, Lieut. Pike to 1st Lieut., and Edward 
A. Snyder from private to 2nd Lieut. Dec. 1st, 1864, 1st Sergeant Thomas 
A. Pieronet was promoted to 1st Lieut., to succeed Lieut. Pike, pro- 
moted, and Wm. P. Hardy to 2nd Lieut., Sept. 1st, 1865. 

This company was with the regiment in the siege of Fort Donelson, battle 
of Shiloh and Matamora, also participated in the march in Mississippi 
when Gen. Grant moved his army expecting to reach the rear of Vicks- 
hurg, the privation of a meager allowance of rations being one of the most 
trying of all their experiences, causing much suffering in the company. 

At the siege of Vicksburg, on May 25th, many of the members of the 
company were taken prisoners while on picket duty, the enemy gaining 
access to the rear of the regiment. No casualties in battle, no casualties 
at siege of Jackson, Miss., July, 1863. Participated in expedition from 
Natchez in late summer, 1863, no casualties in battle. 

In Dec, 1863, thirty-one men re-enlisted and received veteran furlough 
with the regiment, and returned with the regiment, accompanied by sixty- 
eight recruits. Was with the regiment on Yazoo expedition from May 
4th to May 18th, 1864; no casualties in battle, but much hard marching; 
heat oppressive. 

At the battle of Jackson Cross Roads, July 7th, 1864, no 
casualties. At siege and charge of Fort Blakely, Ala., no casualties. 
Company H with other companies took an active part in doing duty dur- 
ing the surrender in guarding property and maintaining order between 
paroled prisoners and citizens and the colored population. 

Captain John Stevens commanded the company Sunday morning, 
April 6, 1862, and was mortally wounded. Col. Davis speaks of him in 
his report: "Captain Stevens, while bravely keeping his men in line to 
bring them off the field, fell fatally wounded, the nearest man of his com- 
pany to the rebel line. Sergeant Charles C. Mason was killed early Sun- 
day morning in the first engagement pierced by several bullets. He was 
courageous, a man of fine promise in the future, loved and respected for 
his high and noble character, his life a sacrifice for the cause of liberty 
and preservation of the Union. Lieut. John A. Hughes led the company 
after Stevens was wounded, assisted by Lieut. F. W. Pike. 



1^ 




^1^ 




FREDERICK W. PIKE 
Capt. Co. H. 



J. A. HUGHES 
Capt. Co. H. 





THOMAS A. PIERONET 
1st Lieut. Co. H. 



EDWARD A. SNYDER 

2nd Lieut. C >. H, Signal Officer on Gen. 

Grant's staff. 



PLATB XXn 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 85 

Capt. John A. Hughes commanded the company at battle of Mata- 
mora, assisted by Lieuts. Pike and Snyder, and was instrumental in plac- 
ing the flag in the hands of Sergeant T. E. Joiner, after Sergeant Hershey 
was wounded. 

Captain Hughes picked up a fragment of the old flag that had been 
shot away and brought it home. His widow presented it to Lieut. Jones 
in June, 1906, who now has it in his possession. At muster-out the com- 
missioned officers were, Capt. F. W. Pike, 1st. Lieut. Thomas A. Piero- 
net, 2nd Lieut. William P. Hardy, who were all brave and efficient of- 
ficers. There are two officers of Company H now living, 1st Lieut. Thomas 
A. Pieronet and 2nd Lieut. Edward A. Snyder. 

Enrolled, 93 ; recruits, veteran furlough, 68 ; received during service, 
recruits, 10; transfers from 11th Illinois, 20. Total, 191. 

Transferred and promoted, 12 ; killed in battle, 2 ; died of wounds, 4 ; 
died of disease, 14; discharged for wounds, 2; discharged for disability, 
23; mustered cut, expiration of term and other causes, 66. Total 123, 
Mustered out, Jan. 20th, 1866, 68. Total 191. 



CAPT. JOHN STEVENS. 



Capt. John Stevens, son of William and Ruhamah (Ayres) Stevens, 
was born February 22, 1831, in Hill Valley, Shirley township, Huntington 
county, Pennsylvania. His great-grandfather, Thomas Ayres, was a soldier 
in the revolutionary war. who served about six years therein. His first 
attendance at school was at Birmingham, Penn., under the tutelage of 
William Bryan, a stern old Scotch Presbyterian, who left an enduring rep- 
utation behind him for sparing not the rod. 

Believing firmly in the usefulness of a trade in connection with an 
education, his father, a plasterer, required his assistance until April of the 
year 1846, when the family removed west after the fashion of those days, 
the manner of which may not be uninteresting to the present generation. 
By canal and river they proceeded to the Alleghanies which were crossed 
by an old fashioned cable and which, in this instance, very inconsiderately 
broke and delayed the journey several hours, just as the old cables of 
State St., or North Clark St. had a habit of doing until recently. The 
journey was pursued down the Ohio, up the Mississippi and Illinois rivers 
until Peru, 111., was reached. From that point to Prophetstown, 111., 
wagons were used, after which Rock river carried them to Grand DeTour, 
their destination, and there they tarried for one year, during which period 
it may be well to note the boy's first love aflfair, which budded and blasted 
as is so often the case with a young man's apprenticeship with love. 

At this period, a thirst for learning, caused the father to remove to 
Mt. Morris, where his three children might have the benefit of the school- 



86 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

ing which that grandest of all old time schools, the old Mt. Morris Acad- 
emy, afforded and who of the forties and fifties can ever forget D. J. 
Pinckney and his assistants, Prof. Olds, Samuel Fellows, Miss Head, 
Miss Mitchell and others ! 

In 1851, John Stevens graduated and went to Dixon immediately to 
finish with William W. Heaton, the study of the law which he had car- 
ried forward at odd intervals while at school. In the historic old land 
office building, on Hennepin St., he completed those studies and received 
his license to practice in 1853. A location became necessary, of course, 
and with the prevailing sentiment in favor of the West, he settled in Des 
Moines, la., then little more than a recorded plat. With his ready money he 
bought a piece of land upon which the subsequent capital buildings were 
erected. With unbounded ambition and robust health, he hung out the 
shingle which no doubt was expected to land its owner in the Executive 
chair at Washington some time. But gathering days brought with them 
a lingering and enervating illness of chills and fever, which, no doubt, was 
aggravated by a more severe case of homesickness, and in a state of 
desperation, he traded his land for a large gold locket, a broad fob chain 
and a small collie pup, all of which he bundled into the first stage coach 
and returned to Dixon, the most beautiful spot beneath the shining sun. 
Once recovered, John Stevens, formed a co-partnership with Edwin South- 
wick and from that date to the day of his enlistment, he continued the 
practice of the law devotedly with the exception of the few odd moments 
spent in editing and managing the Dixon Transcript in 1854 and the few 
hours required in attending to his duties of School Commissioner, to which 
position he had been elected. Very rapidly and very naturally it grew un- 
til his clientage numbered such great corporations as the Illinois Central 
Railroad Company and, measured from the standpoint of success, the State 
Supreme Court reports testify to a career of unusual brilliancy. He had 
a remarkable memory. Besides his ability to repeat Scott's poems, it was 
said of him that were the New Testament to be destroyed, John Stevens 
could supply it from memory, chapter and verse. 

On September 3, 1854, he was married to Marie Sophie LaPorte, at 
Ross Grove, DeKalb county, Illinois, who still survives at Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia. His two sons, Frank E., of Chicago, and Leon LaPorte, of San 
Francisco, are still living ; a little daughter, Anabel Ruhamah, having died 
in infancy. For many years he was Master of the Blue Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M., and as the first High Priest of the Chapter, he has been called the 
father of the Chapter. John Stevens was a christian gentleman. As the 
Supt. of St. Luke's (Episcopal) Sunday School, the writer well remembers 
the great numbers of children who were drawn to his classes. The little 
frame church was filled to overflowing. 

He organized a company of volunteers in 1861, which later was as- 
signed to the 46th Regiment. He passed through the battle of Fort Donel- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. • 87 

son, after which he was ordered to Pittsburg Landing, where troops were 
concentrating for the Tennessee campaign that followed. When on that 
eventful Sunday morning of April 6th, Albert Sidney Johnston surprised 
the Union forces and mowed them down like sheep, Capt. Stevens soon 
found his company in the midst of the Hornet's Nest, from which point he 
was ordered to retire with his regiment, to safer ground. During that 
maneuver, he was shot in the left leg and fell. Though carried aside and 
placed against a tree, the fierceness of the engagement demanded his 
abandonment and there he remained suffering for nearly thirty hours. The 
leg was amputated in vain efforts to save his life and aboard the steamer 
Hiawatha, on its way to Mound City, he died. 

For him, no better epitaph can be written than that made by Col. 
Davis, who reported : — "Capt. Stevens, while bravely keeping his men in 
line, to bring them off the field, fell, fatally wounded, the nearest man of 
his company to the rebel line." His body rests in Oakland Cemetery at 
Dixon. 



JOHN ALLISON HUGHES. 



John Allison Hughes was born in Washington county. Pa., March 28. 
1823. He married Miss Eliza Anna Adams on the 7th of March, 1850. 
and by occupation was a farmer. Moving West in an early day, he lo- 
cated at or near Lane, 111., and in 1861 he enlisted, and with Capt. Stevens 
and Lt. Pike raised a company, and was chosen 1st. Lt. of Co. H, 46th 111. 
Inft.. mustered Dec. 1st, 1861. After the death of Capt. John Stevens, at 
Shiloh, he was promoted and commissioned Captain, in which capacity he 
served until mustered out. He participated in the battle of Fort Donelson, 
Feb., 1862. At the battle of Shiloh he led his company after Capt. Stevens 
was wounded. Participated in the battle of Matamora, Oct. 5, 1862. He 
led his company with skill and bravery and picked up the flag that Sergeant 
John E. Hershey was compelled to relinquish on account of being wounded, 
and presented it to the color guard. He also secured a portion of the old 
flag shot out by the enemy and brought it home as a souvenir. On the 25th 
of May, 1863, Capt. Hughes together with most of the company were taken 
prisoners while on picket and were taken into Vicksburg and paroled next 
day. Was sent home and soon after exchanged and returned to regiment. 

Captain Hughes went home with the regiment on veteran furlough 
and was active in securing recruits to fill up the company. Was with the 
expedition to Yazoo in May, 1864. At the battle of Jackson, July 7, 1864, 
Captain Hughes was acting as aid to Gen. Benj. Dornblaser who speaks of 
his service in complimentary terms in his official report while on the 
battlefield. After participating in the movements with his regiment up the 
White river at Devall's Bluff and the Camp at the mouth of the White 
river, and again at Memphis, he was mustered out Dec 6, 1864, by reason 



88 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

of expiration of term of service. Captain John A. Hughes was recom- 
mended to Gov. Yates for promotion in the new organization in 1862 by 
Col. John A. Davis, Lieut. Col. John J. Jones and Maj. Benj. Dornblaser, 
in a letter dated Bolivar, Tenn., Sept. 25, 1862. He was also recommended 
for promotion to Gov. Yates by Col. Cyrus Hall, commanding 2nd Brigade, 
March 21, 1863, but after serving three years he did not accept further 
service. 

After returning home he, with his family, removed to Boone, Iowa, 
and engaged in buying stock and shipping same and was engaged quite 
often in shipping in large quantities. In 1883 he went to Hand county, 
South Dakota, where he served two terms as County Judge. 

Capt. Hughes was a member of the G. A. R., and a member of the 
Presbyterian church since manhood. He was a true patriot, a generous 
friend, a kind husband and a loving father. He died at Miller, South Da- 
kota, Aug. 24, 1898. Three sons were born to them. His wife, now living 
at Boone, Iowa, and one son, living in Texas, survive him. 



E. A. SNYDER. 



E. A. Snyder was born on a farm in Columbia county. Pa., Sept. 7th, 
1838. At the age of 14, he went to Berwick, Pa., to work as a "printer's 
devil." From 16 to 20 he attended school at Wyoming and Dickinson 
Seminaries, Pa., and at Dixon College, Dixon, 111. He taught three years, 
working on a farm in summer. 

Enlisted at Dixon, 111., October 2nd, 1861, in Company I as private 
and was assigned to duty as Adjutant of the Dement Phalanx while en- 
camped at Dixon. He was afterward tranferred to Co. H as private. On 
the consolidation of the four Dixon companies with six companies at 
Springfield, of the 46th, was assigned to duty as clerk at regimental head- 
quarters, and served as such until after the battle of Shiloh, when he went 
to Paducah, Ky., under detail as a private to assist in organizing a Signal 
Corps of the West. He locked up his desk and took his place in the ranks 
on Sunday and Monday of the great battle of Shiloh, and narrowly escaped 
injury or death three or more times. After the Signal Corps was organized 
and went into field, an order to disband sent all back to their regiments. 

On September 7th, 1862, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant of Com- 
pany H, and took part in the battle of Matamora, on the Hatchie river. 
He was standing a few yards in front of Col. John A. Davis, when that 
fatal cannister ball struck him. He assisted in lifting him off his horse, 
and will never forget his brave words : "Send for my wife, I will live un- 
til she comes." He participated also in the siege and capture of Fort 
Donelson, in February, 1862. 

In November, 1862, Lieut. Snyder received a detail to go to Memphis, 
Tenn., and assist in reorganizing the Signal Corps for the West. The Corps 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



went direct to Vicksburg, Miss., and he was assigned to Gen. Grant's staff, 
and was with him around through Grand Gulf and Jackson; was then 
transferred to Gen. Sherman's staff, after the battle of Champion Hills. 
When Gen. Sherman took position on the right, at midnight on the night 
of the arrival of his army, Lieut. Snyder sent the first messages from Gen. 
Sherman to Admiral Porter's fleet, seven miles up the river, and received 
a number during the night from Admiral Porter. 

He was with Gen. John A. Logan at Black river in the Fall of 1863 as 
his Signal Officer. A severe run of fever in the Fall, prevented his going 
on the campaign to Atlanta and the sea, greatly to his disappointment. 
After his recovery he was assigned to duty as juror on court-martial at 
Nashville, Tenn., and says he always voted for light punishment or acquittal 
of volunteer soldiers, under arrest for various offences. He was mustered 
out Dec. 16th, 1864, at Nashville. 

He returned to Dixon, 111., going from there to Cedar Falls, Iowa, in 
1866. Was elected county surveyor and served from 1868 to 1872. Was 
one of the editors of the Cedar Falls Gazette; disposed of this in 1904. 
Was appointed Postmaster at Cedar Falls in 1899, which appointment he 
now retains. Lieut. Snyder has been a resident of Cedar Falls for over 
forty years and is identified with all the enterprises to advance his home 
city, and is also a leading factor in republican politics of Iowa, always 
working for the good of the people. 

He has held local positions and was a delegate to the General Con- 
ference, M. E. church, held in New York in 1888. Is a Past Commander of 
G. A. R. Post 222, and has responded to invitations to talk before other 
Posts as well as his own. 



CAPTAIN FREDERICK W. PIKE. 



Captain Frederick W. Pike enlisted in the Fall of 1861, at Lane, 111., 
and was instrumental in recruiting Company H, and was chosen 2nd Lieut, 
commissioned and mustered into the service on Dec. 1, 1861. He was 
about twenty-five or -six years old at the time of his enlistment. He partic- 
ipated in all the marches and battles with the regiment. Captain Pike was 
a man of great physical strength, exceedingly robust and could endure 
much hard service; was brave and courageous and a fine officer. Re-en- 
listed in Dec, 1863, and served to the final muster-out of the regiment, 
Jan. 20, 1866. He died at Miller, South Dakota, a number of years ago. 



THOMAS A. PIERONET. 



Thomas A. Pieronet was a native of Amboy, 111., at the time of enlist- 
ment and was about 21 years of age. He enlisted in Company H, 46th 



90 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Illinois Infantry, Dec. 1st, 1861, as a private; was promoted to 1st Sergeant 
and on March 20, 1865, to 1st Lieut. He participated in all the marches and 
battles with his company and was noted for his soldierly qualities. He was 
brave and manly, courteous to his comrades and was one of the noble boys 
of the regiment. He was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Since his return from the army has been engaged as an engineer on 
the railroad and made his residence at Omaha for a while and at different 
locations to suit his run on the end of his division. It is reported that he 
is careful and trusted by his employers. 



WILLIAM P. HARDY. 



William P. Hardy was born October 30th, 1835, at Bloomsburg, Pa., 
and died Sept. 3rd, 1905, at his home in Humboldt, Iowa, aged 69 years, 
10 months, and 3 days. Taps sounded and the lights went out forever to 
Lieutenant Wm. P. Hardy. He enlisted in the fall of 1861 and was mustered 
in as a private, Dec. 1, 1861. His home was at Lodi, 111. He was appointed 
Corporal and Sergeant, and Aug. 11, 1865, was commissioned 2nd Lieut. 
He participated in the battles of Donelson, Shiloh, Matamora, siege and 
capture of Vicksburg, and the expedition from Natchez into Louisiana. In 
Dec, 1863, he re-enlisted and, with other members of his company, enjoyed 
his veteran furlough. On return to the active duties of camp life, he partic- 
ipated in the expedition to Yazoo City, battle of Jackson Cross Roads, 
July 7, 1864, siege and capture of Fort Blakely, Alabama, April 9, 1865, 
occupation of Mobile, and all the duties pertaining to camp life during the 
surrender of the confederate army. Was mustered out at Baton Rouge, 
La., Jan. 20, 1866. 

On his return home he adopted the trade of harness maker and dealer, 
which business he continued in constantly during the rest of his life. His 
different abodes were: St. Charles, 111., in 1843, from here to Rockford, 
111., remaining two years ; thence to Rock Island, and afterward to Daven- 
port, la., where he engaged in working at his trade. In 1856 he opened a 
harness shop at Maples Park, 111. In 1876 he began a harness business in 
Humboldt, Iowa, and continued the business until his death. 

Lt. Hardy was charter memeber of Albert Rowley Post No. 193, G. A. R., 
Humboldt, Iowa, and has filled all the positions with credit, and is missed 
by his comrades, for he was one of the familiar comrades for nearly thirty 
years. He was married to Miss Lydia A. Simmons, at Geneva, 111., June 
30th, 1866. His devoted and loving wife survives him, with three remain- 
ing children. May, John, and Vernice. He is remembered by his comrades 
as one of those noble characters, devoting his young manhood to the duties 
of a soldier, enduring hardships for four and a half years, sacrificing 
health and endangering his life for the cause of our nation's honor. 





WM. P. HARDY 
2nd Lieut. Co. H. 



D. S. PRIDE 
Capt. Co. I, age 40 years. 





HEZEKIAH H. BULLOCK 
Capt. Co. I. 



WM. H. HOWELL-HIGHT 
2nd Lieut. Co. I. killed at Shiloh. 



PLATE XXIII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 91 



HISTORY OF COMPANY I. 



This company was recruited by Charles P. Simson, of Plainfield, 
Will county, 111. The enlistments were principally from Will county and 
added to from Ogle, Lee and Kankakee. They went into camp at Genoa 
with the expectation of joining the 52nd 111., as sharp shooters. Later the 
company withdrew from this organization and reported to Dixon and were 
identified with the Dement Phalanx. Charles P. Stimson was elected 
Capt., James Ballard 1st Lieut., and W. H. Howell (Hight) 2nd Lieut., 
and were commissioned respectively by Gov. Yates and mustered in as 
officers, Dec. 1, 1861. The company was recruited in the months of Sep- 
tember, October and November. In the early part of Feb., it reported at 
Camp Butler, 111., and was assigned to the 46th 111. Infantry as Co. "I." 

In the battle of Fort Donelson the company was exposed to the enemy's 
artillery, being near the Union battery, while the regiment supported 
the same. At the battle of Shiloh five were killed on the field. At the 
siege of Corinth there were no casualties in battle ; at the battle of Mata- 
mora, on the Hatchie river, no casualties ; at the siege of Vicksburg some 
of the company were taken prisoners. There were no losses at the siege 
of Jackson in 1863 ; in the battle of Jackson Cross Roads, July 7, two were 
killed. At the siege and capture of Fort Blakely, Alabama, the company 
sustained no loss. Capt. Stimson resigned on Feb. 16, 1862, and Lieut. 
William H. Howell (Hight) took temporary command in the absence of 
the other commissioned officers and was killed at Shiloh in the first day's 
engagement. The company assisted in taking charge and guarding the 
rebel property after the surrender. 

The company was composed principally of farmers ; they were brave 
and honorable and always responded for duty when called upon. Company 
"D" was assigned to duty in Co. "I," Nov. 2, 1862, by order of Col. Dorn- 
blaser, commanding regiment, and was consolidated with Co. "I," March 
2nd, 1863, by General Order No. 8, State of Illinois. 



DAVID S. PRIDE. 



David S. Pride was born in Vermont, Dec. 18, 1821. Securing a good 
education in his native State, he fitted himself for the profession of a 
lawyer. In his early life he moved to Potsdam, N. Y., and followed his 
chosen profession with marked success. He married Miss Mercena Hicks 
at this place, Oct. 10th, 1849. Some time after he located at Oregon, 111., 
and engaged in his profession until the breaking out of the war. He then 
offered his service to his country and was commissioned Regimental 
Quartermaster, Jan. 15, 1862, serving until promoted Captain of Company 



92 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

I, Nov. 24, 1862, and was mustered out Nov. 21st, 1865, at the expiration 
of term of enlistment. He participated in all the engagements with his 
company, from the time he took command until the expiration of term of 
service. Was at the siege and capture of Vicksburg in 1863; expedition 
to and siege of Jackson, Miss., July, 1863; on expedition to Yazoo City, 
Miss., in May, 1864; battle of Jackson Cross Roads, July 6th and 7th; 
at the charge and capture of Fort Blakely, Alabama, April 9, 1865; occu- 
pation of Mobile, April, 1865. 

After returning home he again took up the practice of law, removing 
to Chicago, 111., where he gained prominence in his profession. Capt. Pride 
was one of those quiet, undemonstrative characters, possessed of a fine edu- 
cation and was respected and loved for his kindness of heart by his supe- 
rior officers and the members of his own company. He was loyal and 
brave in service and endured many hardships, never refusing to share with 
his men any duty imposed upon them. In 1892 he and his family located 
at Los Angeles, California, to gain the advantage of a milder climate, 
where he died. May 20, 1895, and Mrs. Pride passed away June 14, 1895. 
Five children were born to this union : Charles A. Pride, now living in 
Milwaukee, Wis. ; Frank G. Pride, who died during the war ; Minnie E. 
Pride, now Mrs. Edgar Garman, living at 936 South Burlington Ave., Los 
Angeles, California ; Margaret S. Pride, now Mrs. W. P. Brown, living in 
Santa Ana, California; Dr. Fred. Pride, now living in New York City, 
N. Y. 



LIEUT. JAMES BALLARD. 



Lieut. James Ballard was instrumental in organizing Company I, 46th 
111. Inft. He, in company with Charles P. Stimson and Rossel D. Campbell, 
who were also commissioned officers of Company I, in its early organization 
were the first officers. Lieut. Ballard was about 25 or 28 years of age at the 
time of entering service from Plainfield, 111. He was engaged at the siege 
and battle of Donelson, Feb. 1862; battle of Shiloh, April 1862; siege of 
Corinth, in May, and battle of Hatchie, Oct. 5, 1862. He resigned Nov. 19, 
1862. His occupation is not known to the writer. If living, his residence 
has never been reported for the records of this history. 



LIEUT. WM. H. HIGHT. 



The subject of this sketch was born Dec. 27, 1841, in Chester town- 
ship, N. J., and removed to Illinois in an early day with his parents; was 
educated in the common schools and was by occupation a painter. He en- 
listed in Gen. Mulligan's brigade at the beginning of the war; was taken 
prisoner at Lexington, Mo., and paroled. Before his exchange he again 





U. J. TERRY 
2nd Lieut. Co. I. 



H. G. KENNELLY 
2nd Lieut. Co. I. 





SOLOMAN A. SHIFFER 
1st Sergt. Co. I. 



J. W. HOLMES 
Sergt. Go. I. 



PLATE XXIV 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 03 

enlisted in Co. "I," 46th 111. Inft., and took his mother's maiden name of 
Howell, and was known and entered on Adjt. General's report as 2nd 
Lieut. W. H. Howell. He, with six others of his company, was killed at 
the battle of Shiloh, April 6, 1861. His mother is still living at Batavia, 
111., at the advanced age of 93 years. 



CAPTAIN HEZEKIAH H. BULLOCK. 

The subject of this sketch was born at Watertown, in the State of 
New York, and was about 32 years old at the time of enlistment. He 
entered the service and was mustered into Company I as Orderly Sergeant, 
Oct. 26th, 1861, and credited on muster rolls as a resident of Dixon, 111. 
He was promoted to 2nd Lieut., April 7, 1862, after the death of Lieut. 
Wm. Howell Hight. On the resignation of Lieut. James Ballard, he was 
promoted to 1st Lieut., Nov. 19, 1862. He commanded his company after 
the muster out of Capt. David S. Pride, until close of the service, Jan. 20, 
1866, and was mustered out as 1st Lieut., although he is placed in Adjutant 
Genl's report as Captain. For lack of definite information it would seem 
that, on account of the small number to which the company had been re- 
duced, there was not the maximum number to allow the muster of Captain. 
But little is known of his history after muster out. 



LIEUT. URIAH J. TERRY. 



Uriah J. Terry enlisted in Company D, 46th 111. Inft, from Paw Paw, 
111., and was about twenty-five years of age, when he entered service. He 
was appointed 2nd Sergeant, Dec. 1, 1861, at the first organization of the 
Company. Upon the consolidation of Companies D and I, he was pro- 
moted to 2nd Lieut., Company I, Nov. 19, 1862, and was mustered out 
Nov. 20, 1864. 

He participated in all the marches and battles with the regiment up to 
the time of muster out. If living, his residence is not known to the writer 
of this sketch. He was a man of good habits and was distinguished for 
his bravery and good soldierly conduct. 



HENRY G. KENNELLEY. 



Henry G. Kennelley was born in Center county, Pa., Feb. 9, 1845. He 
came to Illinois with his parents at an early day and settled near Plain- 
field, 111., from where he enlisted in Company I, 46th 111. Inft, Sept. 18, 
1861, as a private; was promoted 1st Sergeant and on Aug. 4, 1865, com- 
missioned 2nd Lieut. For a while was detailed to act as Adjutant of the 
regiment. He participated in all the marches and battles with the regi- 
ment and was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. 



94 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

On his return home he was engaged for two years as assistant shipping 
clerk at the Illinois State Penitentiary, after which he moved to Arkansas 
and engaged in civil engineering; he was a machinist by trade. For the 
last fifteen years of his life he was the book-keeper and foreman of the 
large plantation of Col. Zeb. Ward, of Little Rock, Arkansas; this farm 
contained 2300 acres, near Morrillton, same State. He was married to 
Miss Farmer, or Dardanelle, Ark., in 1872, who died in 1881, leaving two 
sons, one son dying May 5, 1899. He was married again to Miss Francis 
Pate, of Russellville, Ark., April 10, 1889. He died at Morrillton, Ark., 
Nov. 21, 1898. His wife, one son and three daughters survive him: 
Henry E., Ruth, Adaline and Kathleen. 

Lieut. Kennelley was one of the young boys of the regiment and 
served faithfully for nearly four and a half years, and was patriotic and 
earnestly devoted to the Union and the flag of his country. 



SOLOMON A. SHIFFER. 



Solomon A. Shiffer was born April 18, 1841, near Shippensville, 
Clarion county. Pa. He migrated with his parents to Plainfield, Will 
county, 111., in 1858, and engaged in farming. Enlisted in U. S. service 
Nov. 16, 1861, as private in Company I, 46th 111. Inft. ; was appointed 
Corporal early in the service, 2nd Sergt., May 1st, 1863, and 1st Sergt., 
Sept. 1st, 1865. He participated in all the battles and marches with the 
regiment. He was wounded in left shoulder at the siege of Corinth, 
Miss., in May, 1862 ; re-enlisted in Jan., 1864, and remained with the regi- 
ment until final muster out. His term of service was four years and two 
and a half months. 

On his return he again followed the occupation of a farmer. In 
April, 1867, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Gardner. Six children were 
born to this union, four sons and two daughters; three sons and one 
daughter survive. His wife died in 1877, after which he moved to Iowa 
with his children and located near Des Moines on a farm. In May 1878, 
he married Miss Etta Capp. To this marriage a daughter was born, who 
died at the age of 18 years. In the Spring of 1883, he moved with his 
family to Rooks county, Kansas, and settled on a farm and followed the 
occupation of a farmer until 1890, when he moved to Iowa, and in 1891 to 
Joliet, 111., where he is at present engaged as a carpenter and contractor. 
While in Kansas he was a minister of the gospel, serving seven years in 
the M. E. church ; also held the position of Justice of the Peace for two 
terms, and served three terms as school director. His present church re- 
lations are with the evangelical church. He received a common school 
education, but is possessed of fine natural abilities and is well read in 
affairs of the State and Nation. He is patriotic and loyal to his country 
and the flag — the Stars and Stripes. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 95 



HISTORY OF COMPANY K. 



This Company was enlisted by J. M. McCracken, of Freeport, 111., in 
the month of October, 1861. John M. McCracken was commissioned 
Captain and left Freeport for Camp Butler in October with about 75 
men and assigned to 46th 111. as Company K, and was mustered in as a 
company Oct. 15, 1861. The members of the company, previous to muster 
in, held an election and chose William Stewart, of Buckeye township, as 
1st Lieutenant. Soon after enrollment 24 recruits from Minnesota re- 
ported at Camp Butler and were assigned to Company K, through the in- 
fluence of Beverly Whitney, an Orderly Sergeant in a Company of the 
loth 111. Inft., who was commissioned 2nd. Lieut, of the company. The 
company participated in all the marches and battles with the regiment 
during the service. 

The enrollment of Company K at Camp Butler was 101 men, and re- 
ceived recruits at different times to the number of 89, including transfers 
from other regiments. Company K was composed mostly of farmers and 
of different nationalities, who were mostly of mature age, intelligent and 
patriotic. The casualties of the company during service were: Died of 
wounds, 1 ; died of disease, 22 ; total 23. Discharged for wounds, 3 ; dis- 
charged for disability, 16; total 19. Grand total, 42. 



CAPTAIN WALTER G. BARNES. 



Capt. Walter G. Barnes was born in Huntington county, Pa., Dec. 12, 
1843. He enlisted in the army Nov. 7th, 1861, in Co. K, of the 46th Regi- 
ment, at the age of seventeen and was a Corporal under Capt. William 
Stewart. He was sick in the hospital at Louisville, Ky., and was dis- 
charged on account of ill health. May 31st, 1862. On the 29th of August, 
1864, he was appointed 1st Sergeant in Co. A, of the 146th Regiment, and 
on Feb. 14th, 1865, was made Capt. of Co. I, 150th Inft. He was in several 
battles, notably Shiloh and Lookout Mountain. 

After Sherman's march to the sea he was Provost Marshal of the 
City of Atlanta four months, with four companies of soldiers under him. 
On the 20th of Dec, 1865, at Griffin, Ga., a petition was sent to Brig. Gen'l 
I. N. Haynie, at Springfield, 111., signed by all the line oflScers of his regi- 
ment, requesting that he be made Major of the regiment, and had the war 
lasted one week longer he would have been commissioned Major at the 
age of 21 years. 

After being mustered out of the service he returned to Freeport, 111., 
and went into the Farm Implement business early in 1866, in which he was 



96 HISTORY OF FORT Y-SIXTH REGIMENT 

still engaged when he dropped dead at his warehouse on the morning of 
Sept. 27th, 1895. He was married to Mrs. Minnie G. Dwight, nee Guiteau, 
on May 2nd, 1871. One son, Albert Barnes of Chicago, and his widow 
survive him. 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM STEWART. 



Capt. William Stewart, Company K, 46th 111. Inft., was born in 
Donegal county, Ireland, March 17, 1833. When six years old, he came to 
America in company with his father and family, arriving where Freeport 
now stands, on the 2nd day of July, 1839. In October of the same year, he 
moved with his parents on a claim in Buckeye township, Stephenson 
county. 111., where he assisted on the farm and attended the district school 
during the winter months. In October, 1861, he enlisted in Company K, 
46th 111., and at Camp Butler, 111., was chosen 1st Lieutenant and com- 
missioned Jan. 11, 1862, and was promoted to Captain, Dec. 31, 1862. For 
meritorious conduct at the battle of Shilch was brevetted Major by Presi- 
dent Andrew Johnson and consent of U. S. Senate. Mustered out Dec. 28, 
1864 at Memphis, Tenn., at the expiration of his term of service. He 
participated in the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth, siege 
and capture of Vicksburg, siege of Jackson, Miss., and in all the marches 
and skirmishes in which the Regiment was engaged. Captain Stewart was 
a brave and efficient officer and enforced discipline in the Company and yet 
was one of the kindest and most respected officers of the whole command, 
his Irish wit and harmless jokes and genial ways always brought to his 
tent men from all the ranks as well as the most humbled private in the 
regiment, who never went away without feeling that they had a friend in 
the big hearted Captain of Company K. 

On his return home he again took up the occupation of a farmer. As 
he was now about 31 years of age, depending on his good old mother and 
sister to keep house, he, like a sensible man, went to work and it was not 
long until he, without any assistance, on May 29th, 1866, captured one of 
the finest ladies of the land. Miss Amelia Ann Gransden, and installed her 
in his home on the farm. Capt. Stewart served two terms as Sheriff of 
Stephenson county, from 1880 to 1886, and at the expiration of his term as 
Sheriff was elected County Treasurer, serving one term. For the last five 
years he has been living in his home at 203 North Galena Ave., Freeport, 
111. He is a member of the John A. Davis Post, G. A. R. ; joined Masonic 
Lodge in 1856 and attained the 32nd degree. Eight children were born to 
Capt. and Mrs. Stewart ; five of whom are living, three girls and two boys. 
The eldest son is at present serving as Deputy Sheriff. 





WM. STEWART 
Capt. Co. K. 



OLY F. JOHNSON 
Capt. Co. K. 





W. G. BARNES „ . ^- ^- ^^^^ES 

Corp. Co. K, Capt. Co. I, 150th Inft. ^"""P- ^°- ^' ^*P*- ^°- ^' ^^Oth Inft. 

War Photo. Photo 1890. 



PLATE XXV 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 97 

CAPTAIN OLY F. JOHNSON. 

Oly F. Johnson enlisted at Caledonia, Minn., Oct. 4, 1861. In Sept., 
1861, Capt. Johnson, in company with about twenty others, left Minnesota 
and reported at St. Louis, expecting to join the 16th Mb. There not being 
enough men to complete the 16th Mo., these men were sent to Springfield, 
111., under Beverly Whitney, of the 15th 111. They were assigned to com- 
pany K, 46th 111. O. F. Johnson was appointed Sergeant of the Company. 
Promoted to 2nd Lieut, Oct. 11, 1862, and to Captain, Dec. 28, 1864. He 
participated in all the battles and marches with the regiment. 

On his return from the army he located in Stephenson county. 111., and 
was engaged in different pursuits for a number of years. In an early day 
he, with others of his comrades, went to Kansas and located at Jewell City, 
Jev/ell county, where he and wife entered on a homestead. Some time after 
he was elected Sheriff of the county and served acceptably for a term of 
years. He died at Jewell City about 1886. 

Capt. Johnson was of Norwegian nationality and about 25 years old 
at the time of enlistment. He was brave and courageous, a man of many 
good qualities, loved and respected by his comrades and had the full con- 
fidence of his superior officers. 



LIEUTENANT JOSEPH M. McKIBBEN. 



Lieutenant Joseph M. McKibben was born about March 4, 1831, in 
Clinton county, Pa., and his early life was spent in Nittany Valley, in 
Central Pennsylvania. He moved to Stephenson county. 111., in 1857 and 
located near Dakota, 111. He continued to farm for several years until he 
enlisted on Oct. 8, 1861, in Company G, 46th 111. Infantry, and was ap- 
pointed 3rd Sergeant, and later was transferred to Company K. On the 
resignation of Lieut. Whitney he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, on 
July 16, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, Jan. 13, 1863, and mustered out 
at expiration of service, Dec. 23, 1864. Participated in all the battles with 
his company, up to leaving service. He was wounded at Vicksburg on the 
picket line and was taken prisoner and paroled and sent home until ex- 
changed. He, with Chaplain Teed, accompanied the remains of Col. John 
A. Davis to Freeport for burial. 

After his return he lived for a time in Freeport, 111., and afterward in 
St. Louis, Mo., where he engaged in the roofing business. A disasterous 
fire caused the closing out of this business. He then moved to Shelbyville, 
111., and entered into the Hotel business. His death occurred May 28, 1884, 



^ HISTORY OF FORT Y-SIXTH REGIMENT 

and he was buried in the cemetery at the latter place on decoration day. 
He was a member of the Cyrus Hall Post, G. A. R. His death by paral- 
ysis was caused by wound in knee. Was educated in the common schools. 
Married Margaret M. Ferry and was the father of seven children. The 
widow and four children are still living. Widow's address, Mrs. Margaret 
M. McKibben, Spokane, Washington. 



1st lieutenant LOUIS C. BUTTLER. 



Louis Buttler enlisted from Ridott, 111., Nov. 7, 1861, and was appointed 
2nd Sergeant, and soon after the Orderly Sergeant. He was promoted to 
1st Lieut, Dec. 23, 1861. He participated in the marches and battles of 
the regiment, was faithful to the trust bestowed on him and was a good 
soldier. He died of disease while encamped at Salubrity Springs, La., Oct. 
5, 1865. Lieut. Buttler was about 25 years of age at time of death. 



1st LIEUT. JOHN WILSON. 



1st Lieut. John Wilson was born in Buckeye township, Stephenson 
county. 111., in the year 1842. Assisted on his father's farm until he en- 
listed in Company K, 46th 111. Infantry, Nov. 7, 1861. He was appointed 
Corporal and afterward Sergeant. On March 20, 1865, was commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant, and on Nov. 25, 1865, 1st. Lieutenant. Re-enlisted as a 
Veteran in 1864 and served continuously from enlistment until mustered 
out, Jan. 20, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La. Lieut. Wilson participated in all 
the battles, marches and skirmishes with the regiment during the entire 
service. He was a man of good habits, sterling integrity and a model 
soldier. His address is unknown at the present time. 



JAS. C. THOM. 



Jas. C. Thom was born in Leslie Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on Oct. 10, 
1840. Left Scotland for America with his parents in the Spring of 1856. 
The family first settled in Kenosha county. Wis., where James went to 
work in a flour mill, where he remained for four years, after which, his 
father's family having removed to Steele county, Minn., he too went there, 
where he worked six months. 






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J. M. McKIBBEN 
1st Lieut. Co. K. 



JOHN WILSON 
1st Lieut. Co. K. 





L. C. BUTTLER 
1st Lieut. Co. K. 



JAMES C. THOM 
2nd Lieut. Co. K. 



PLATE XXVI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 99 

In the Spring of 1861 he went to Houston county, Minn., where he 
worked during the summer on a farm. Col. Murphy of Missouri, having 
obtained permission from the war department to form a regiment, called 
the 16th Missouri , wherever he could find men, sent a recruiting officer to 
Houston county, Minn., where, with a number of others, in Sept. 1861, Thom 
enlisted to serve in the 16th Missouri. They went from Brownsville, 
Minn., by steamboat to St. Louis, Missouri, and went into camp at Benton 
Barracks. After remaining there a few weeks, it being found that the 16th 
Missouri had not men enough for a regiment, the different squads were as- 
signed to fill up other regiments. The squad from Minnesota was sent to 
Camp Butler, 111., and put into Co. K, 46th 111. Inft. He was appointed 
Corporal of said company, Nov. 7th, 1861, and served as such until Dec. 
20, 1862, when he was appointed Sergeant. The Summer of 1863, the 
Orderly Sergeant being absent, he served as orderly of the company. 

He served in every battle and march in which the regiment was en- 
gaged. In the Summer of 1865, while the regiment was encamped at 
Salubrity Springs, La., he, with others of the regiment, was put on de- 
tached service, and mounted, with headquarters at Natchitoches. He had 
charge of the squad of mounted men sent to collect government cotton and 
other government property, left by Banks in his retreat from the Red river 
compaign. He had some very interesting experiences while on that duty. 
Some pleasant and some otherwise, among the latter was being shot at 
several times in the dark by unknown persons. He was commissioned 
2nd Lieut, Oct. 26, 1865, and served as such till mustered out with the 
regiment in Jan., '66, thus having served over four years. 

He returned to Houston county, where he bought a farm and engaged 
in farming. He was married to Albina Thornton, of Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 
Dec. 30, 1869. They returned to his farm in Houston county, where they 
resided till the Spring of 1873, when he, with his wife and one child, 
moved to Nobles county, Minnesota, where he took a soldier's homestead, 
upon which he resided since, with the exception of four years spent in the 
Sheriff's office of said county. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



101 



FORTY-SIXTH INFANTRY REGIMENT. 



Three Year's Service. 



FIELD AND STAFF. 



Nama and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Colonels. 
John A. Davis. 



Benjamin Dornblaser 

Lieutenant Colonels. 

William O.Jones 

John J. Jones 



Fulton City. 



Majors. 
Frederick A. Starring 
Benjamin Dornblaser 
John M. McCracken.. 
Joseph Clingfman 



Chicago . . . 
Buckeye... 
Freeport .. 
Cedarville. 



Adjutants. 
Benjamin Dornblaser 

Edward R. Lord 

Henry H. Woodbury. 



Quartermasters. 

Frank Fuller 

James L. Wilson... 

David S. Pride 

Edwin R. Gillett... 
James B. Wright.. 



Buckeye. 



Amboy. 



Surgeojis. 

Elias C. DePuy 

Elias C. De Puy 

Benj. H. Bradshaw... 



Oregon 

Oneco 

Rock Grove 



Freeport 



Benj. H. Bradshaw. 
Julius N. DeWitt 



Tamaroa, 
Freeport 



Second Ass't Surgeons. 

Julius N. DeWitt 

John Webster 



Chaplains. 

David Teed 

Hezekiah R. Lewis. 



Freeport 
Chicago. 



Freeport 
Decatur. 



Sep. 12,61 



Sep.l2, 61 
Jan. 1,61 



Sep. 12,61 
Feb. 8, 62 
Oct. 11, 62 
Dec.23,64 



Oct. 11, 61 
Jul. 17,62 
Nov.26,62 



Sep. 12, 61 
Sep. 18,61 
Jan. 15, 62 
Sep. 1,62 
Oct. 5,64 



Sep. 23, 61 
Dec. 9, 62 
Nov. 1, 64 



Sep. 12, 62 
Nov. 1,64 



Mar. 5,64 
May 5,65 



Oct. 11,61 
Oct. 21, 62 



(Dead) 

(Dead) 

(Dead) 
(bead) 

(Dead) 
(bead) 

(bead) 
(bead) 

(Dead) 
(bead) 

(Dead) 
(Dead) 
(Dead) 



Died, Bolivar, T., Oct. 10, 62, 
w'nds rec'd bat. Hatchie. 

Pro. Brev. Brig. Gen., Feb. 
20,65. M.O.Jan. 20,66.... 

Resigned Dec. 31, 1861 

Pro. Brev. Col., June 19, 65. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 66.. 

Resigned 

Promoted Colonel 

Mustered out Dec. 23, 1864.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Promoted 

Resigned Nov. 19, 1862 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Resigned Oct. 19, 1861 

Resigned Jan. 15, 1862 

Pro. Capt. Co. 1, Nov. 24, 62 

Resigned Oct. 5, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Resigned Sept. 3, 1862 

Resigned Nov. 1, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Discharged Apr. 8, 62, to 

accept prom, in 41st Reg. 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Promoted 

Com. returned and canc'd. . 

Resigned Sep. 1,1862 

Discharged Jan. 12, 1866.... 



102 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 



Name and Rank. Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Serseant Majors. 


Freeport — 


Dec. 7, 61 


(Dead) 


Disch. May 29, 62; disabil. 


Henry A. Kwing 




Disch. Oct. 25, 63, for prom. 




Rock Run... 


Oct. 31, 63 


(Dead) 


in Colored Reg't 


John E. Hushey 


Disch Sept 1 64- disabil 






Edgfar Butterfield . .. 


Lancaster 


■::::::": 


Joliet. Ill 


Vet. M. O.Jan. 20, 1866 


Frank H. Whipple.... 




Dec. 4. 64 

Sep.l4, 61 
Oct.16, 61 
Mar. 1.64 
Jan. 30, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 

Sep.l4, 61 






Q. M. Sergeants. 


Rock Grove. 




Disch. May 29, 62; disabil.. 








James B Wright 


Noble 

Freeport — 


(Dead) 


Prom. 1st Lt. and R. Q. M. 


Julius T. Weld 












Commis. Sergeants. 


Freeport 

Florence . . . 






William H Barnds . 


Orangeville, 111 


Vet. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 


Hospital Stewards. 
Thomas Woolcott 


Freeport.... 
Rock Grove. 
Freeport .... 

Plainfield.... 


... 

Mar. 3, 64 
Sep.l4, 61 
Sep. 1. 62 


Vet. Red. to ranks, Co. K,.. 


Joseph Chambers 




Disch Aug. — , 62' disabil... 














App'd Hosp. Stew'd U. S. A. 




Buckeye. 




Rock City, 111 


Mar. 10,1864 


Thomas J Allen 


Vet. rec't. M. O. Jan. 20. 66. 






Oct.20, 64 




Hiram I. Clary 






Mustered out Dec. 27, 1864. 


Principal Musicians. 
George Black 




Oct. 10,61 
Julyl, 62 


Salt Lake City 

(Dead) 


Disch. May 25, 62; disabil... 


Thomas Slade 


Brlngt'n.Min 


Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 






Reported Died Oct.-1865.. 






May 1, 63 
June22,64 






John Buck 

















COMPANY A. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 

enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 

John Musser 

Joseph Clingman... 
Isaac A. Arnold 

First Lieutenants. 
William O. Saxton.. 

Isaac A. Arnold 

William Reynolds.. 

Second Lieutenants. 

Isaac A. Arnold 

George S. Dickey.. 
William Reynolds.. 
William R. Moore.. 

First Sergeant. 
Joseph Clingman. .. 



Orangeville. 
Cedarville... 
Florence 



Freeport — 
Florence . . . . 
Oneco 

Florence 

Oneco 

Freeport 

Buckeye 



Sep.lO, 61 
Apr.24, 62 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.lO, 61 
Apr. 1, 62 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.lO, 61 
Apr. 1,62 
Oct.15,64 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.lO, 61 



(Dead) 

Kearney, Neb 

Kearney, Neb 

Kearney, Neb 

Council Bluff, la.... 

Lawrenceb'rg, Tenn 



Died April 24, 1862 

Promoted Major 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1 

Resigned Apr. 1, 1862.. 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1 

Promoted 

Resigned Oct. 15, 1864. 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1 

Promoted Captain 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



103 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Serseants. 

Georges. Dickey 

Horace D. Puringfton 

William Reynolds . 


Florence.... 

Oneco 

Cincinnati. O 

Florence — 

Buckeye 

Florence .... 

Steph. Co... 

Florence 

Oneco 

Florence 

Buckeye 

Buckeye 

Florence .... 

Freeport 

'• :::: 


Sep.lO. 61 

Sep.lO, 61 
Sep.lO, 61 

Sep.lO, 61 
Sep.lO, 61 


Council Bluff, la.... 
(Dead)Bristol,Mass 


Promoted 2nd Lieutenant.. 
Disch. Dec. 12, 63, to accept 
Capt'y in66U. S.Col'dlnf 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 








Corporals. 
Daniel M Hart 


(Dead) . 


Disch July 8 62- disabil 




(Dead) 




Andrew M . Fellows . . 


(Dead) 


Died at Quincy May 2 62 




Coburg, la 

(Dead) 




Albert M. Lull 

Ammie F. Arnold 


Disch. Oct. 21, 62; disabil. 
Killed at Shiloh Apr. 6 62 


Benjamin Musser 


Jewell, Kans 

(Dead) 


Disch. Nov. 24, 62, disabil.. 


Quincy E. Pollock. .. 


(Dead) 


1st Serg't Died at Mound 


Musician. 
George W. Trotter 


(Dead) 


City Apr. 9. 1862; wounds. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran . 


Privates. 
Arnold, Albe'-t E . . . . 




Disch. Sept 4 62- disabil 


Andre "William 






Barnds, William H.... 
Bolander, Harrison W 


Orangeville. Ill 

(Dead) 


Disch. Aug 25 62- disabil 


Bates, Andrew J 

Bolander, George W.. 
Best, Robert T 




Disch. July 9, 62; disabil.... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died C'p Butler Nov 7 61 


Barrett Charles 




Disch Aug 13 62' wounds 


Benter, M artin 


(bead) 


Disch. Nov. 24, 62; w^ounds. 


Buss, Hillery 




Re-enlisted as Veteran 


Ceran. William 






Clingman, Abner 


(Dead) 


Re-enlisted as Veteran. 


Clingman Hiram 




Killed at battle of Shiloh 




" 




Clouse, Charles. 


Fletcher, fa 


Died M'd City, Sept 7 62 . 


Clingman, Charles.... 


Covington, Ky 


Re-enlisted as Veteran 


DeHaven, Daniel P 


(Dead) 


Died, Memphis Sept 22 62. 






Disch. Apr. 28, 63; disabil.. 




(Dead) 




Ewing, Henry A 




Promoted Serg't Major 






French, Shepard A.... 
Garrison, David W 


Faulkner, la 






Lanark, 111 


1. •• ■> 


Galpm, Daniel A 

Gibbins, William 


Pacific Jet, la 

Lanark. Ill 


Dropped 


Gillett, Edwin R 






Hoot, John 


(Dead) 


Killed at battle of Shiloh. . . . 


Hunting, Charles H 




Re-enlisted as Veteran. 






Died ot Mound City, May 

3. 1862; wounds 

Mustered out Jan 20 1866 


Hunting, William A 


Chicago, 111 








Holsinger, William H 




Died at Pittsburg Landing 






Apr.1.1862 


Kemper, Adam 


Denver, Colo 


1st Sgt. Disch. Nov. 9. 63 to 
accept prom, in 5th U. S. 
Colored Artillery 






Miller, Henry W 


Falls City, Neb 

(Dead) 




McHoes, John 




Tr. to Inv. Corp8, Nov. 10, 63 









104 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



More, Charles F 

Mason, John H 

Mack, James H 

Peck, Theodore 

Patten, John 

Plowman, Charles E.. 

Patten, Robert 

Parish, Pleasant 

Peck, Adelbert 

Quiggle, Robert H 

Ritzman, Robert P. . . . 

Riem, James 

Rush, John 

Rogers, David E 

Rodimer, William H. 

Rollins, Eliphalet 

Smith, Church H 

Solomon, John C 

Sheckler, John 

Scoville, Daniel A 

Sleight, Samuel A.... 
Smith. Eliphalet W... 
Scoville, Nelson 

Stephens, James M... 

Taylor, John W 

Thompson, James M 

VanBrocklin, Jas. M- 

Vincen, Thomas 

Walker, John W 

Winchell, Hiram P... 

Wieland, John M 

Woodring, John M 

Wilson, Benjamin F.. 

Whisler, John B 

Wilson, Robert P 

Windecker, John. 

Veterans. 
Andre, William 

Barnds, William H... 
Bolander, George W.. 
Best, Wesley J 

Buss, Hillery 

Carter, Sherwood E.. 

Clingman, Abner 

Clingman, Geo. R .... 

Clingman, Charles 

Early, William F 

Fauver, Robert A 

French, ShepardA... 
Garrison, David W... 

Gibbins, Thomas 

Gibbins, Williams.... 

Hart, James H 

Hunting, Geo, H 

Hunting, Charles H . . . 

Jeffries, Joseph G 

Mack, James H 

Miller, Henry W 

McCarthy, James 



Freeport 



Sep.lO. 61 



Jewell City, Kans. 
(Dead) 



Rosemont, Neb. 
(Dead) 



Washington, Kans. 
Grand Is., Neb 



Hays, Iowa 

Sloan, Iowa 

Yates Center, Kan. 
Santa Ana, Cal 



Iowa City, la. 



Freeport. 



Florence. 
Freeport 



Silver Creek 
Freeport — 



Florence 
Freeport 



Dec.30,63 
Dec.22,63 



Orangeville, 111. 
(Dead) 



(Dead). 



Dec. 7, 
Dec,22, 



Jan. 5, 
Dec.22, 
Dec._ 7, 

Dec.22, 
Jan. 5, 



Dec.22, 
Jan. 5, 
Feb. 1, 



Covington, Ky. 
Griswold, la . . . 



Faulkner, la. 
Freeport, 111. 



Pacific Jc, la 

Shelbyville, Wis. 



Leavenworth, Kans, 



Falls City, Neb. 



Died, Memphis, Apr. 2, 63.. 
Disch. Nov. 24, 62; wounds. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, C'p Butler, Jan. 8, 62.. 
Killed at battle of Shiloh... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. B 

Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864. . 
Re-enlisled as Veteran 



Disch. Aug. 16, 62; disabil... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran .... 
Killed at battle of Shiloh... 
Died at Corinth, June 29, 62. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. May 8, 62; disabil 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. May 3, 62; disabil!.".'." 
Tr. to Inv. Corps Mar 26, 64 
Died at Savannah, Tenn.,.. 

Apr. 18, 1862; wounds 

Died near Corinth, May 9,62, 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Pittsburg Landing 

Apr. 1,1862 

Re-enHsted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20,1866!".! 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, C'p Butler, Nov. 2, 61 
Disch. Nov. 24, 62; disabil. 
Died, C'p Butler. Dec. 30, 61 
Killed at Battle of Shiloh.. . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Died at Duvall's Bluff, Dec. 

10, 1864 

Prom. Commis. Sergeant.. 
M. O, Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Died at Vicksburg, Aug. 

19, 1864; wounds 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 

Transferred to Co. I 

Mustered out July 14, 1865. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. _Jan. 20, 66. as Corp'l. 

Drowned Aug. 20, 1864 

M. O.Jan. 20. 66 as IstSgt.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Disch. Sept. 18, 64, for pro. 

in 5th U. S. C. H. Art 

Disch. July 14, 64, for prom. 

in 5th U. S. C H. Art 

Absent without leave at 

M. O. of Regiment 

M. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Sergt.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Died, Freeport, Mar. 19, 65. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



105 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Moore, William R. 



Musser, James 

Patten, Robert H 

Plowman, Charles E. 
Quigfgle, Robert H.... 
Reynolds, William... 
Ritzman, Robert P.. . 



Riem, James 

Rogers, David E... 

Scoville, Daniel A. 

Sheckler, John 

Sills, Edwin 

Smith, Church H.. 
Taylor, John W.... 



Trotter. Geo. W 

Van Brocklin, Jas. M . 

Vincen, Thomas 

Winchell, Hiram P... 

Wilson, Robert P 

Windecker, John 



Recruits. 
Andre, Jacob... 



Ambrose, DeWittC. 

Allen. John A 

Askew, John A 

Allison, William W... 
Belknap. Corwin A... 
Bruner, Robert D 



Freeport . 



Oneco 

Freeport . 



Buckeye., 
Freeport . 



Rock Grove, 



Freeport , 
Barry 



Barrett, Edward 

Babcock, James M.. 



Best, Hirara C 

Brown, Charles M 

Carter, Sherwood E.. 

Clinjjman, John T 

Clingfman, Wm. M 

Cadwell, Horace 

Clow, Benjamin 

Clause, Thilman 

Cousins Albert 

Dinges John P 

Daughenbaugh, Chris 
Evans, Thomas W... 

Ellis, Elias 

Fauver, Robert A 

Fauver, Amos 

French, David H 

Ford, William D 

French, Truman A. . . 

Foster, Jasper 

Fellows, George E... 

Garrard, Warren 

Glynn, James 

Garman, Lawrence G 
Green, Christopher... 
Galpin, Hiram C 



Florence 
Oneco — 
Freeport 



Florence 



Harlem 



Freeport 

Oneco 

Buckeye 

Oneco 

Harlem 



Pleasant Hill 
Harlem . 
Buckeye. 
Freeport 
Harlem . 

Freeport 

Buckeye 
Silver Creek 
Harlem . 
Burton .. 
Pleasant Hill 

Florence 

Sliver Creek 

Freeport 

Lena , 

Freeport 

Baileyville ., 



GatlifE, Thomas C... Florence, 
Hunting, George H.. Freeport, 



Dec. 7, 63 

Dec.22,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.22,63 
Dec._7, 63 

Dec.22, 63 



Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.22,63 
Dec. 7, 63 



Dec.22. 63 
Dec._7. 63 
Dec.22,63 

Sep.lO, 61 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 9, 63 

Aug.30,62 
Jan,24, 65 
Jan. 5, 64 

Jan.25, 64 
Aug.10,62 

Jan.24, 65 
Jan.25, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Jan.26, 65 
Jan.24, 65 



Jan.27, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Feb. 7. 65 
Oct.l5, 64 
Jan. 5, 64 
Jan.24, 65 
Oct.lO, 62 
Dec. 12 63 
Jan.28, 64 
Jan.27, 65 
Sep.29, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Peb.27,64 
Jan.24, 65 
Jan.25, 64 
Feb. 8. 64 
Oct.lO, 61 
Sep.lO, 61 

Jan. 4, 64 



Lawrenceb'rg, Tenn 
(Dead) , 



Jewel City, Kan. 
Rosemont, Neb. 



Hays, Iowa 

Sloan, Iowa 

Santa Anna, Cal. 
Iowa City, Iowa, 
Robertson, Iowa. 



Grand Island, Neb. 
Washington, Kan.. 
Topeka. Kan 



Erie, Kan. 



Orangeville, 111. 



Sioux Falls, S. D... 



Freeport, 111 

Willow Springs, Neb 



Cedarville, III.. 

Salem, Oregon. 
Freeport, 111.... 
Fletcher, Iowa. 



Orangeville, 111. 
Monroe, Wis..., 
Freeport, 111... 
Millheim, Pa... 



Knierim.Ia 

Freeport, 111 

Phoenix, Arizona. 



Sheffield, la. 



Disch. Mar. 19, 1865, as 1st 
Serg't for promotion 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866. . 

M. O. July 14, 65. Abs't sick 

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant.. 

Sergeant. Absent without 
leave since Dec. 31, 1865.. 

Died at home. Mar. 22, 1864 

Died at Baileyville, 111.. 
Dec. 12, 1864 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Sergt.. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Disch. Jan. 29, 65, for prom. 
1st Lieut. 53d U. S. C. I... 
Prom. Principal Musician.. 
M. O. Jan. 20. 66, as Serg't. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Disch. at Baton Rouge un- 
der G. O. No. 10 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Discharged 

Died, Memphis, Mar. 16, 63, 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Corp'l. Died at Cairo, Oct. 

6, 1854 

Died, Vicksbu-g, Aug. 12, 64 
Corp. Disch. Nov. 25, 63, for 

pro. 1st Lt. 56th U. S. C. I 

Discharged June 5, 1865 

Disch. Mar. 8, 66; disabil... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . . 



Mustered out June 30, 1865.. 
Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865. . . 
Mustered out, Jan. 20, 1866. 
Mustered out Oct. 8, 1865. . . 
M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Vet. rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out June 19, 1865. 
Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Mustered out May 15, 65 — 
Abs't sick, since June 20, 65 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 

Mustered out Aug. 28, 1862.. 
Disch. July 8, 1862. Died 

same day 

Disch. Junes, 1865 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



106 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. ! Residence. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Hartzel, William., 
Huddleston Reuben H 

Hart, Joseph E 

Hill, John 

Hills, Henry M 

Hoyman, Henry 

Hadsell, Nathan A.. 
Hadsell, Almond C. 

Hart, John 

Hart, Thomas J 

Hathaway, Homer H. 



Joy, Benedict 

Krape, William W.... 

Law, John H 

Lee, Lorenzo H 

LeFevre, Francis J... 

Luzadder, George 

Miller, Israel 



Moore, Georgre W 

Moser, William 

McAfee, Robert L. H. 

Musser, Charles 

Moser, Edwin A 

Morgan, Henry W 

May, Willard 

McCarthey, James C. 

Neil, William R 

Parker, John 

Pine, Georgre W 

Rogers, Henry G 

Reiniger, Samuel J... 

Rice, Milton A 

Ritzman, John 

Rubendall, Daniel R. . 

Rudy, John 

Smith, James C 

Scoville, Alfred B 

Shadell, Samuel P.... 

Shadell, Adam C 

5wartz, John L 

Shellenberger, John. . . 

Sheets, George W 

Sanborn, Charles G.-. 

Sills, Thomas 

Sills, Edwin 

Seidle, Charles H 

Steele, Alexander 

Smith. Franklin 

Sherman, Leonard 

Tomlins, John W 

Taft, Joseph A 

Thompson, Lee B 

Waddell.JohnR 

Woodring, Uriah 

Wall, Thomas 



Wright, John W 

Winters, Darius.. 
Wetzel, Franklin P.. 

Weld, Julius T 

Windecker, William. 
Waddell, William W. 
Woodring, John M... 



Buckeye 

Santa Anna 

Harlem 

Silver Creek 

Ridott 

Buckeye 

Barry 



Freeport . . 
Florence.. 



Buckeye. 
Harlem.. 



Montebello. 
Oneco 



Freeport. 
Buckeye. 
Freeport. 
Oneco ... 
Harlem . 



Florence . . . 
Freeport . . . 

Oregon 

Winslow .. . 
New Salem 
Freeport.... 

Buckeye 

Lena 

Buckeye 

Oneco 



Florence . . . 

Buckeye 

Freeport 



Florence. 



Ridott 

Silver Creek, 

Freeport 

Oneco 



Silver Creek, 

Freeport 

Oneco 



Freeport . 

Oneco 

Florence , 



Hadley. 

Florence. 

Buckley .. 

Freeport. 

Dakota.. 

Freeport. 

Oneco — 



Dec.30, 63 
Feb.29, 64 
Jan.31, 65 
Jan.24, 65 

Feb. 6, 65 
Dec. 9, 63 

Aug.30,62 

Sep.lO, 61 

Feb,20, 64 
Feb,29, 64 
Feb. 6, 65 
Jan. 26, 65 
Feb. 1, 62 
Oct.20, 64 
Dec. 23,63 

Jan. 25, 64 
Feb.29, 64 
Jan, 4, 64 
Jan 31, 65 
Jan.24, 65 

Feb.24,64 
Feb. 1, 64 
Feb.20, 64 
Feb.18, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct.lO, 61 
Dec.17,63 
Feb. 1, 64 
Feb. 6, 
Jan. 4, 64 
Dec.23,63 
Jan. 4, 64 
J an .25, 64 
Dec.17,63 
Oct.30, 63 



Jan. 8, 64 
Jan.25, 64 
Feb. 6, 65 
Jan.24, 65 
Nov.20,61 
Dec.23,63 
Aug.30,62 
Feb. 1, 62 
Mar. 4, 65 
Dec.16,63 



Oct. 8, 
Jan. 5, 
Feb.27, 
Mar.21, 

Dec.22, 
Aug.lO, 
Feb.l7, 
Jan. 30. 
Feb. 6, 
Jan. 28, 
Feb. 7, 



Freeport, 111. 



Long Beach, Cal... 



Spring Brooks, Wis 
Cofleeville, Kans.., 



Winslow, 111... 
Freeport, 111... 
Montrose, Mo. 
Freeport, 111... 



Freeport, 111 

Marquette, Neb. 



Pearl City, 111. 



Douglas. Kans. 
Dead 



Baraboo, Wis. 
Monroe, Wis.. 

Warren, 111 

Iowa Falls. la. 
Freeport. 111... 



Lesterville. S. D 

Topeka. Kans 



Giand Rapids. Mich 



Freeport. 111.. 
Downs. Kans. 



Almiia, Wash. 
Millheim, Pa.. 



Watertown, S. D. 
Doland, S. D 



Vet. rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 66. 
Abs't with't leave at M. O.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 



Mustered out Dec. 15, 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. June 19, '65, as Serg't 
Mustered out June 19, 1865.. 
Re-enlisted in Co. K. 2d 

111. Artillery 

Mustered out July 11. 1865. . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 



Died April 9, 62; wounds.... 
Mustered out Oct. 19, 1865.. 
Absent without leave at 

M. O. of Regiment 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Died, Vicksburg, May 18, 64 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 
Mustered out July 15, 1865. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866... 
Killed at Shiloh, Apr. 6, 62. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 



O. June 10. 65. as Corp'l. 
Mustered out May 22. 1865. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866. . 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died M'nd City. Nov. 20. 64. 
Died, St. Louis, July 24. 63. . 
Mustered out Aug. 28. 1862. 

Transferred to Co. G 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Mus tered out Oct. 7, 1865. . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 

Disch. at Baton Rouge, 
under G. O. No. lO 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out July 7, 1865... 
Mustered out Oct. 18, 1865.. 
Promoted Q. M. Sergeant.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



107 



COMPANY B. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 



Present Address. 



Captains. 

Rollin V. Ankeny 

William J. Reitzell... 
Robert T. Cooper 

First Lieutenants. 

Henry Roush 

William J. Reitzell.... 

Emanuel Faust 

Robert T. Cooper 

George S. Roush 

Thomas B. Jones 

Second Lieutenants. 
Thomas J. Hathaway 
William J. Reitzell... 

Emanuel Faust 

Robert T. Cooper 

George S. Roush 

Thomas B. Jones 

Aaron McCauley 



First Sergeant. 
Thomas J. Hood. 



Sergeants. 

Emanuel Faust 

William J. Reitzell... 

Robert T. Cooper 

Robert Smith 



Corporals, 
George Cox 



Leopold Shook... 

John E. Hushey.. 
John Y. Haughey. 
Jay W. Barker — 



Isaac Klechner 

George S. Roush 

Thomas B. Jones... 



Musicians, 
Isaac Bolander. 
Casper Long — 



Wagoner. 
Isaac N. Mallory. 



Privates. 
Ashenfelter, Cyrus... 

Arnold, Adam 

Arnold, Charles 

Andre, Jacob 

Alshouse, Jacob 

Ansberger, Sebastian 

Boyd, Franklin 

Barker, Addison J... 
Barker, Seymour S... 

Bowen, John T. 

Bolander, Aaron 

Burgess, Solon S 

Bower, Charles F 

Butterfield, Edgar.... 
Blanchard David M . . 



Florence . . . 
Lancaster. . 
Rock Grove 



Rock Run. .. 
Laucaster. .. 
Rock Grove 



Rock Run... 
Lancaster... 
Rock Grove 



Rock Run. 



Rock Run.. 
Rock Grove 
Lena 



Lena 

Lancaster... 

Rock Run... 
Cedarville... 
Rock Grove. 



Rock Grove, 

Davis 

Rock Grove, 



Davis 

Rock Grove. 



Cedarville... 

Lena 

Lancaster... 
Davis 



Sep.l4, 61 
Jan. 1, 63 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.14,61 
JulylO, 62 
Jan. 1, 63 
Sep.27, 64 
Dec.23,64 
July31, 65 



Sep.l4, 61 
Jun.lO, 62 
JulylO, 62 
Jan. 1, 63 
Sep.27, 64 
Dec.23,64 
July31, 65 



Sep.lO, 61 
Sep.lO, 61 



Sep.lO, 61 



Sep.lO, 61 



Sep.lO, 61 



Sep.lO, 



(Dead) 

Freeport, 111.. 
Sewart, Neb. 



(Dead) 

Freeport, 111 

Meeteese, Wy... 

Sewart, Neb 

Lena, 111 

Gilbert Sta.. la. 



Intha, Mo 

Freeport, 111 

Meeteese, Wy.. 
Sewart, Neb.... 

Lena, 111 

Gilbert Sta. la.. 
Orangeville, 111. 



Meeteese, Wy. 

Freeport, 111 

Sewart, Neb... 



(Dead) 

(Dead; 

(Dead) 

Manchester, la. 



CDead) 

Lena, 111 

Gilbert Sta., la. 



Ackley, la . 
(Dead) 



Freeport, 111. 



(Dead). 



(Dead). 



Rockford.Ul. 



Rock Grove, 111. 
(Dead) 



Resigned Dec. 31, 1862 

M. O. to date Dec. 23, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Resigned Apr. 18, 1862 

Promoted 

Resigned Sep. 27, 1864 

Promoted 

Resigned June 19, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Resigned June 13. 1862 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Transferred to Co. G 

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant.. 
Transferred to Co. G 

Died at Bolivar, Tenn, Oct. 

9,1862;wounds 

Disch. July 10, 62, as Serg.; 

disability 

Promoted Sergeant Major 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Feb. 12, 63, as priv.; 

Disabitity 

Disch. June 14, 62, disabil.. . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. G 

Disch. July 12, 62; disabil... 



Died C'p Butler, Dec. 6, 61. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Sept. 21, 62; disabil!.' 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 28, 63; disabil!! 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. June 39, 63; disaijii!! 
Died April 23, 1862; wounds. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. July 13. 62; disabil. . . 



108 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Crawford, Franklin. . . 

Chambers, Joseph 

Cantrell, Joel T 

Cade, Charles 

Ernst, Jacob 

Erb, Ira 

Forbs, Alonzo W 

Frankenberger, Eli B. 

From, James 

Frize, Henry 

Guiter, Adam 

Gibler, Hiram 

Gibler, Joseph H 

Henrich, Cornelius... 

Hay, John 

Hathaway, Homer H. 
Hathaway, JeremiahJ 
Hathaway, James B.. 

Hess, Aaron 

Hill, Langrford 

Henderson, Marion J. 
Henderson, Francis.. 
Henderson, Uriah H. 

Hoagf, Charles 

Hinds, Erastus 

Kaup, Georgre S 

Krider, Jacob N 

Kerr, William 

Kellogg:, Eugene V... 

Lobdell, Daniel 

Mingle, David J 

McCauley, Aaron 

Mather, Abijah 

McElhaney, William.. 
McCurdy, Francis — 

Mitchell, Norton 

Moses, John H 

McClenahan, George 

Mallory, Daniel 

Mack, Harry A 

Mallory, John W 

McGinnis, Joseph 

Mingle, John H 

Nicholas, John 

Penicoff, Levi 

Petre, John 

Potter, Francis 

Potter, Julius 

Pierce, James 

Rockwell, Charles W . 

Runkle, John H 

Stottler. Jacob 

Shane, Charles N 

Shane, Thomas J 

Sprague, George D... 

Turrenzo, Anson 

Tyler, Dayton D 

VanMeter, John C 

Vincent, George 

Wilson, George 

Wright, Charles F . . 
Weaver, David 



Rock Grove. 
Lancaster. .. 



Rock Grove 
Lena 



Rock Grove. 
Rock Run ., 



Rock Grove- 
Dakota , 



Rock Grove 

Dakota ... 
Rock Run.. 

Cedarville. . 
Lancaster.., 
Dakota 

Lancaster. . 

Oneco 

Lancaster. . 
Rock Grove 
Rock Run.. 
Lena 

Rock Grove 
Davis , 

Rock Run!!! 

Lena 

Rock Run... 

Dakota 

Winslow ... 

Lena 

Rock Grove 
Dakota 

Rock Run... 

Davis 

Rock Grove 

Lena 

Rock Grove 
Rock Run.., 

Dakota 

Rock Run... 

Lena 

Winslow 

Rock Grove 



Sep.lO, 61 



Rock Grove, 111. 
(Dead) 



Salem, Oregon. 
Dead 



Rising City, Neb. 
(Dead) 



Vermont, 111. 



Memphis, Tenn .. 
Coffeeville, Kans.. 



Roberston, la.. 
Doniphan, Neb. 
(Dead) 



Aurora, Neb 

Marquette, Neb,... 

Jennings, La 

Clay Center, Kans. 
(Dead) 



Orange ville, 111. 

Essex, la 

Dakota, 111 



Ashton, la — 
Bellamy, Mo. 
(Dead) 



Rockford, 111. 



Eldora, la. 
(Dead) .... 



Deep River, la 



Rossie, la. 
(Dead).... 



Winslow, 111.... 

(Dead) 

Colbergen, Neb. 



Mustered out Sept. 9, 1864. 
Prom. Hospital Steward.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran- . . . 
Disch. Aug. 12, 62; disabil. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Died at Pittsburg Landing 

Mar. 31, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran- ... 
Mustered out Sept. 9, 1864.. 
Mustered out May 12, 1862.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. A 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Apr- 23,62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Sept. 9, 1864.. 
Disch. Dec. 10, 62;disabU.. 
Disch. July 30, 62; disabil. .. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 20, 1864. 
Killed in battle at Shiloh.... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Disch. Apr. 4, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran. 



Mustered out Sept. 9, 1864.. 
Died at Winslow, 111,, June 

15,1862... 

Died n'r Corinth, May 17, 62 
Died, C'p Butler, Sep. 28, 61 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov. 7 62; disabil .... 
Died at Evansville, Ind., 

Oct. 19, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M. O.June 30,1862 

Died C'p Butler, Feb. 6, 61. 

Disch. Nov. 1,1865 

Died, Quincy, 111., May 14,62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at St. Louis, May — , 

1862; wounds 

Died, St. Louis, July 26, 63. 
M. O. Sept. 9, 64, as Corp'l.. 
Disch. Feb. 28, 63; disabil - . . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Disch. July 7, 62; disabil ... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran . . . 
Died at Pittsburg Landing 

April 30, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. June 13, 62; disabil... 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 

rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


West George 


Rock Grove - 
Dakota . .. 
Lancaster... 

Davis 

Rock Grove. 

Davis 

Rock Grove. 

Lancaster--. 

Lena 

Rock Grove. 

Lena 

Rock Grove - 
!'. 

Freeport 

Lancaster.. - 
Rock Grove. 
Dakota 

Rock Grove" 

Cedarville... 

Lena 

Cedarville--. 

Lena 

Rock Grove - 

Davis . - .. : 
Freeport .... 

Lena 

Rock Run... 

Lena 

Rock Grove. 
Winslow .... 

Lena 

Rock Grove. 

Lena 

Rock Grove 
Lancaster... 

Rock Grove- 

Dakota 

Davis 

Rock Grove - 
Freeport .... 

Oneco 

Rock Grove. 

Freeport — 


Sep.lO, 61 

Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.23 63 

Dec._7, 63 

Dec.23,63 

Dec._7, 63 

Dec.23,63 
Jan. 5, 64 
Feb.15,64 
Dec. 7,61 

Dec.23,63 

:: 

Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.23, 63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.23,63 

Dec.;, 63 

Dec.23,63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.23,63 

Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.23,63 

Feb._5, 64 

Feb.l5, 64 
Sep.10,61 
Feb. 1, 64 
Dec.26,63 
Feb. 8, 64 
Feb._ 1, 64 

Jan.18, 64 
Jan.20, 63 
Feb. 2, 64 
Feb. 1, 64 






Warner, William W. 
Yoder, Andrew B 

Veterans. 
Arnold Adam 


Seldon, Kan 

St. Louis. Mo 

Ackiey, la.!!....!.! 


Disch. July 12, 62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M. O.Jan. 20.66, as Corp'l. 








Ansberger, Sebastian 


Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866-. 


Bolander, Aaron 

Barker, Seymours .. 

Boyd, Franklin 

Bowen. John T 

Butterfield, Edgar 

Cantrill Joel T 


Rock Grove, 111 

Rockford, 111. 


M. O. June, 19, 65, as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 


(Dead) 

Joliet.m. 

(Dead) 


Prom. Sergeant Major 

Transferred to Co K 


Erb. Ira 


Salem, Oregon 


M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 


Forbs Alonzo W. 


(Dead) 


Di^ch Mar 5 1866 


Frankenberger, Eli B 

From, James 

Guiter, Adam 

Haughey, John Y ... 

Hill, Langford 

Hennick, Cornelius... 
Henderson, Marion J. 
Henderson, FrancisM 
Henderson, Uriah H- 


Rising' CityV'Neb!!! 

Vermont, 111 

(Dead) 

Memphis. Tenn 

Aurora, Neb 

Marquette, Neb 


Mustered out, Jan. 2n, 1866. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out, Jan. 20. 1866. 
M. O. May 30, 65; pris. war. 
Muster^'d out, Jan. 20, 1866. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't- 
.\1 . O . June 8, 65; was pris . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866- . 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
M. O. Jan. 2(1, 66, as 1st Sgt. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 

Prom. 2dLt. from 1st. Sgt. 
Mustered out Jan 20 1866.. 


Hathaway, Jerem'h J 

Hess, Aaron 

Jones, Thomas B — 
Krider Jacob N - - . . 


Donephan, Neb 

Gilbert Station, la.. 
(Dead) 


Lobdell, Daniel 

McCauley, Aaron 

Mingle, David J 

Moses. John H 

Mitchell, Norton 

Mingle, John K 

McClenahan, George 
Mather, Abijah. . .. 

McKee. Robert 

McCurdy, Francis — 


Orantreville. Ill 

(Dead) 

Davis, 111!!!!!! !!. 

(Dead) 

Ashton, Iowa 

Essex, la 


Died at Cairo, Oct. 3, 1864.. 
Prom. 2d Lt. from Serg't.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- 
M. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 
M.O.Jan. 20,66, as Corp'l. 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866- - 

Disch Nov 1 1865 ■-. ! 






Roush, George S.--. 

Runkle. John H 

Tyler, Dayton D 


Lena 

Rossie, la 

Winslow 111 


Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Sgt.- 
M- O- Jan. 20, 65, as Serg't. 
Transferred to Co D 


Turrinzo. Anson 

Vincent, George 

Wright, Charles F ... 

West, George 

Yoder, Andrew B 

/^ecruiis. 

Askey, Samuel 

Askey, John 

Artley, Abram 

Barr, John W 


(Dead) 

Colbergen, Neb... 


M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
Trans, to Co. H. 23d. Inf... 


St. Louis, Mo 

Red Oak, la 

(Dead).. 


Disch.July 4, 65; disabil... 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. ■ 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866. 

Transferred to Co. K 

Prom. Sergeant Major 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 


Brenizer, Josiah K-.- 
Brayman, Edwin P- - - 

Bloss, Joseph L 

Bolander, Jackson 

Bolander John P 


Los Angeles, Cal... 

Norman, Okla 

(Dead).... 

Ackley la 


Broomhall. John 

Collin';, Thomas 

Carroll, Henry 

Cooper, George W . . 




Mustered out Aug. 7, 1865 -- 


Rock Grove - 


Salem. S. D 

Brainard, Neb 


Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



110 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Clark. Silas W 

Cooper, Amos J 

Chase, Lewis W 

Colvin. George W — 
Cochran, Thomas W- 
Dubois, William W. . . 

Duncan, James 

Duncan, Oliver P 

Daniels, Willis 

Dougfherty, Georgre... 

Eli, Marion.. 

Frankeberger, Aaron. 

Foster, George 

Giddings, Smith .. -v^. 
Gallagher, Henry C... 

George. William A 

Hess, Andrew 



Freeport . 
Rock Run 
Derry ■ . . 
Hardin •■ 



Hinies, Joseph 

Hartman, Henry J . . . . 
Hartman, Joseph W.. 

Hinds, Erastus 

Hamilton, Thomas . . . 
Hofmeister, August.. 
Hendrickson, Anth'ny 

Hartzel, John 

Hathaway. Earl .. .. 
Hathaway, Phillip — 

Howe, James 

Inman, Henry L 

Johnson, William T.. 



King, Edwin 

King, Robert 

Lauck, Jacob 

McKee, Robert 

McKee, David 

Mogle, Samuel. 

Mogle, Jacob 

McCauley. Isaac 

Mitchell, Cornelius .. 

Mogle, Lewis, W 

Parish, Pleasant P .. 

Pierce, James 

Runkle, William 

Rishel, Daniel L... . 

Reed. Wilson D 

Reed John P 

Roush, Henry 

Seibold, Calhoun 

Skinner, William W. 

Segin, Theodore 

Snyder, Francis M . . . 
Shaffer, William F... 

Stanley, John ■ 

Stone, Edward L — 



Smith, Henry 

Taft, Henry C 

Thompson, Jonath'nE 
Thompson, Robert S. 

Tomlins, John W 

Vocht, Levi S 

Vinson, John 



Freeport 
Rock Grove 

Stephenson c 
Freeport ..■ 

Rock Grove 

Lerari 

Lancaster. . 
Rock Grove 
Freeport . . 

Rock Grove 

Dakota 

Oneco 



Hadley 

Rock Grove 



Buckeye. . . 
Lancaster. 



Dec.16,63 
Jan. 24, 65 
Jan. 25, 64 
Aug.12,62 
Aug. 5, 62 
Dec. 26, 63 
Sep.lO, 61 
Jan.26. 65 
Aug. 7, 62 
Jan. 2, 64 
Dec.18,63 
Feb. 2, 64 
Feb. 1, 64 
Nov.13,63 
Dec.17,63 
Feb.l2, 64 
Feb. 4, 65 

Feb. 19,64 
Jan. 28, 65 
Jan. 24, 65 

Nov.30,63 
Oct. 10, 



Oneco- •• • 
Rock Run- 
Freeport . . 



Lancaster 
Rock Grove 
Freeport 
Lerari. . . 
Rock Grove 



Rock Grove 

Lena 

Florence — 



Freeport 



Lorain 

Rock Grove- 
Freeport — 

Griggsville - . 

Oneco 

Dakota .... 



Lancaster. . 
Rock Grove 
Freeport 



Wunshel, George 

Wohlford, Franklin... 



Rock Grove 



Oct.l3, 
Sep.lO, 
Jan.30, 
Jan. 24, 
Feb. 2, 
Dec.27, 

Feb. 3, 
Feb. 1, 
Feb. 2, 
Sep.lO, 
Nov.13, 
Feb. 2, 



Aug. 14, 
Feb. 1, 
Sep.lO, 
Dec. 9, 
Feb. 2, 
Dec. 1. 
Jan.27, 

Feb. 1, 
Feb. 4, 
Feb. 8, 
Dec.l7, 
Dec.24, 
Jan. 24, 
Feb. 1, 
Feb. 9. 

Dec. 2, 
Jan. 24, 
Feb. 4, 
Feb. 4. 
Dec.l6, 
Jan. 22, 
Jan. 8, 

Feb. 1, 
Feb. 2. 



Branard, Neb 

Helena, Okla 

iuead)'.'..'.'.'.'.'. .".'.'.'. 

{Deaaj.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Orangeville, 111 

Seward, Neb 

s. h. LosAngeles.Cal 

Boone, la 

Spencer, la 

Clay Center, Kans-- 

Dead.....'!.'..'.'..'.'!! 

Wi'nsl'ow.'iil".!'.'.'.!'.'.'. 
Rock Grove, 111 

Humboldt, la 

Freeport, Ills 

Iowa Falls, la 

Dakota, 111 

kent!iiV.!!! !!'!!!!!!! 

Deep River, la 

Spencer, la 

(Dead) 

Waterloo, la 

Washington, D. C.-- 
(Dead) 

(be'a'dj!! !.!!!! !!!!!! 

Spencer, la 

(Dead) 

(Dead) 

Dakota, 111 

(Dead) 

(Dead) 

Morgan, Minn ' 



Mustered out Jan. 



Mustered out Jan. 11, 1866. 
Mustered out Jan. 7 1866.- 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. - 

Prom. Q. M. Sergeant 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866- 
Mustered out Jan. 8, 1866.. 
Disch. Sept. 17. 64; disabil. 

Transferred to Co. K 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 186 



Died N. Orleans, Sep. 10. 64 
Died at New Orleans, Apr. 

24, 1865: wounds 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Oct. 9, 1855 

Mustered out Oct. 12, 1865- - 

Transferred to Co. G 

Mustered out Dec. 31, 65 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 



Died at Shreveport. La., 

June 17, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866- - 
Mustered out March 1, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Jan. 13, 1866- . 
Mustered out Oct. 21, 1865- . 
Disch. Feb. 3. 63; disabil .... 
Vet.rec. M. O. Nov. 1,65..-- 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866 



Died, Freep't 111., July 10, 64 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out June 20, 1865. - 
Mustered out Sept. 8. 1865- - 
Died at New Madrid, Mo., 

Nov.27, 1864 

Mustered out Nov.l, 1865... 
Mustered out Jan. iO, 1866 



Transferred to Co A 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866.. 
Died at Morganzia, La., 

Aug. 12, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Ill 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 

enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Webb, Oliver P 

Wagrner, Peter R 

Wilson, Henry 

Wilbur, William H.... 


Freeport — 

Oneco 

Rock Groye. 

Oneco 

Rock Grove. 


Feb. 4, 64 
Jan. 24, 65 
Oct. 10. 64 
Jan. 24,65 
Feb. 2, 64 


Freeport, 111 


Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 
Mustered out Oct. 9, 1865 .... 


Zigler, Miller 




Transferred to Co. K 



COMPANY C. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 
Frederick Krumme. 

Philip Arno , 

Edward Wike. 



First Lieutenants. 
Philip Arno .. 
Harbert Harberts. 

Edward Wike 

Andreas Olnhausen. 

Second Lieutenants. 

Addo Borchers 

Edward Wike 

Andreas Olnhausen 
Emil Neese 

First Sergeant. 
Harbert Harberts... 

Sergeants. 

Edward Wike 

Adolph Walbrecht.. 

Carl H. Gramp 

Ferdinand Bentz ... 

Corporals. 

Albert Kocher. 

Arnold Rader 

Carl Lipinsky 

John Ochxle 

Robert J. Long: 

Peter Steinmetz. — 
Curtius Michaelson. 
Emil Neese 

Musicians. 

Conrad Kahn. 

Albert Stacker 

Privates. 

Arens, Peter 

Abels, Johann 

Bauer, Anton 

Berg:, Alfred 

Bonn, Joseph 

Bockholder, Jan — 



Freeport 
Freeport 

Freeport 

Freeport 
Freeport 

Freeport 



Freeport . . . 



Freeport 



Sep. 10, 61 
Apr.23, 62 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.lO, 61 
Apr. 23 62 



Dec.17,63 
Dec.23,64 



Sep.lO, 61 
Sep.29, 62 
Dec.17,63 
Mar.20,65 



Sep.lO, 61 



Sep. 10, 61 



Sep. 10, 61 



Sep,10, 61 



Dubuque, la 

Faulkner. la 

Dubuque, la 

Faulkner, la 

New Hartford, Mo 

Faulkner, la 

New Hartford, Mo. 

Faulkner, la 

Davis, ill 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Rock City, 111 

Grundy Center, la.. 
Hasting:s, Neb — 



Resigned Apr. 23, 1862 . . . . 
Discharged Dec, 21,1864... 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. • 



Promoted 

M. O. for prom, in Second 
Mississippi C. I., Dec. 17. 63 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866 

Resigned Sept. 29, 1862 

Promoted 

Mustered out' Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Promoted 1st Lieutenant... 



Promoted 2d Lieutenant . . 
Disch. for prom, in 3d U. S. 
Colored Heavy Artillery- 
Disch. Sept. 9, 64, as priv. . . 
M.O. Sept. 16, 64, as private 



Died, Louisville, May 15, 62 
Disch. Sept. 22, 1862, as 

private; disability 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

1st Sgt. Disch. for prom, in 

6th U. S. Heavy Artillery 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Died, St. Louis, May 15, 62. 
Disch. July 3, 62, disabil... 



Re-enlisted as Veteran — 
Discharged Sept. 13, 1864. . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Oct. 24, 1862' 
Disch. Sept. 13, 1864 



112 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Present Address 



Byrne Martin 

Cruse, John 

Dressmann, Ubbo — 
Durken.Nittered H.V. 



Doblie, Wilhelm 

Duitsmann.Wolbrand 
Denzing:, Friedrich . . . 
Eyhausen, BroeneW. 

Esch, Johann.P 

Froningr, Herman ... 

Farley, Thomas 

Frewer, Friedrich 

Giboni, Heinrich 

Gretzly, Gottlieb 



Freeport 



Heeren, Wilhelm 

Hasselmann, Friedr'h 

Harberts, Johann 

KoUer, Johann 

Kuhlmeier, Heinrich.. 

Kraemer, Jacob 

Klock, Heiniich 



Kruegrer, Klaas 

Krumme, Heinrich.. 

Knock, Harm 

Kraemer, Folkert 

Knock, Andreas 

Knoeller, George 

Kauner. Christ 

Lapp, Aaron 

March, James 

Mueller, Gottfried.... 

Metzger, Richard 

Metzen, Niclaus 

Marbeth, Leons 

Marks, Jan F 

Marks, Marcus 

Neef, Johann 

Neef, Herman 

Olthoff, Anton 

Plumer, Johann 

Penning, Wiard 

Perstin, Friedrich 

Polmann, Albert 



Raden, John Van 

Rebel, Johann 

Riechemier, Conrad. 



Schneider, Heinrich . . 

Staecker, A. G 

Stohr, John 

Schmaltzhaf, Heinr'h 

Stiefenhofer, Martin.. 

Stober, William 

Steinhauer, Jacob 

Trei, Friedrich 

Vacopp, Phillip 

Vollmer, Gottlieb 

Weifenbach. John 

Wolfif, Johann 

Wegrgenhausen, Max. 
Zibrich, Paulus 



Sep.lO, 61 



July 14, 
Sep.lO, 



Re-enlisted as Veteran. ... 
Mustered out Oct. 24, 1862 . 



Died at Pittsburg Landing 

I Apr.25,1862 

Concordia, Mo Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Riley, Kans 

S.H. Burkette, Neb. 
Freeport, 111 



Grtmdy Center, la. 
Holiand.'Neb !;;.'! 



Freeport, 111. 



Milwaukee, Wis... 
Mt. Carmel, Kans. 



Doniphan, Neb 



Riley, Kans. 
Faulkner, la. 



Rockford, 111. 



Freeport, 111 

W. Blue Island, 111. 



Discharged Sept. 9, 1864 

Died, St, Louis, May 19. 62. 
Mustered out Oct. 4, 1862... 
Disch. Oct. 13, 62;disabil... 

Transferred to Co. K 

Disch. Jan. 12,63; disabil... 
Killed at Shiloh Apr. 6, 62... 
Died at Louisville Apr. 26, 

1862; wounds 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Killed at battle of Shiloh.... 
Disch. Feb. 4, 63; disabil.... 

Disch. Sept. 9.1864 

Disch. Sept. 13, 1864 

Died, St. Louis, July 19, 62. . 
Corp'l. Died in Kentucky 

July 4, 1862 

Disch. Feb 5, 63, disabil.... 

Transferred to Co. G 

Disch. Sept. 13, 1864 

Died, Corinth, May 26, 62.. . . 
jKilled, Shiloh, Apr. 6, 62.... 
i Re-enlisted as Veteran. .. . 
iDisch, June 19, 62; disabil. . . 
Died, Fort Henry, May 4, 62 
iTrans. to V. R, C, Nov,10,63 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov. 7, 62; disabil... 
Trans, to V. R. C. Sep.19,63 
Killed m battle of Shiloh.... 

Disch, June 19,1862; w'ds'.!'. 
Disch. Sept. 4, 62; disabil... 
Disch. Sept. 13, 1864 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died C'p Butler. Dec, 31, 61 
Discharged Sept, 13, 1864... 
Disch. Oct, 13, 1862, as 

Corporal; disability 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Killed at battle of Shiloh,... 
Died at Savannah, Tenn., 

Jan, 1 1862, wounds 

Disch. Dec. 11, 62; disabil.. 

Disch, June 8, 1862 

Disch. May 31, 65; disabil. .. 
Died at St, Louis, Apr, 24. 

1862; wounds 

Died, Corinth June 25, 1862. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch, May 25, 62; disabil. . . 
Died at Monterey, Tenn., 

May 9, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Drowned May 14, 1863 

Disch. July 20, 62; disabil . . . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov.23. 62; disabil'.'.". 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



113 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 



Veterans. 

Arens, Peter 

Bauer, Anton.. . 

Berg, Alfred 

Byrne, Martin.. 



Ceames, Friedrich.. 



Doblie, William 

Duitsmann.Wolbrand 

Heeren, William 

Keller, William 

Knoeller, Georgre 

Latour, Charles 

Leipinsky, Carl 

Michaelsen, Curtis B. 

Miller, Frederick 

Mueller, Gottfried 

Neese, Emil 

Olnhausen, Andreas.. 

Oechxle, John 

Pluemer, Johann 

Pepperlingr, Christ'r.. 

Raden, John Van 

Schweitzer, John G. . 

Stober, William 

Steinmetz, Peter 



Yacopp, Phillip. 



Weggenhausen, Max. 
Wolff, Johann 



Recruits. 

Altmann, Henry 

Adams, George W... 

Burkhardt, John 

Backes, Jacob 

Barmington, Fred'k. 

Becker, Jacob 

Bagger, Heinrich — 



Burkhart, Adolph. 



Bles, Albert 

Bender, John L. . . 
Cohlstedt, Henry. 
Christian, John... 
Crueger, Henry... 



Diller, Michael.... 

Davis, Phillip 

Dede, Henry 

Dennis, Thomas. 

Diller, Michael 

Eichel, Anton 



Freidag, Philip 

Friedman, Valentine. 

Franz, Safrin 

Foster, John 

Frey, Johann 

Frewart, Charles 



Goetz, Andrew 

Gasteger, Antoni. 
Hoebel, Jacob 



Freeport 



Hastings, Neb. 



Freeport. ... 

Newburg 

Silver Creek 

Freeport 

Rock Run... 



Freeport 



Jan. 5,64 
Dec.22,63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.22,63 

Mar.19,64 
Feb. 21, 64 
Feb. 12.64 
Dec.22,63 



Jan. 5,64 
Dec.22,63 



Jan,24, 65 
Dec.28,63 
Dec.31,63 
Feb. 4. 64 
Jan. 26, 65 
Jan. 27 65 
Sep.lO, 61 



S.H.Burkette, Neb 
Freeport, 111 



New Hartford, Mo 
Milwaukee, Wis 



Faulkner, la... 
Monmouth, 111. 



Blue Island, 111. 



Russell, Minn. 



Lancaster... 

Freeport 

Loran 

Augustus — 
Freeport 



Ridott... 
Waverly. 
Loran . .. 
Ridott... 



Freeport 



Rock Run. 

Ouincy 

Harlem ... 



Freepor 



Dec. 20,63 
Feb.29,64 
Jan.15. 64 
Feb.27, 65 
Jan.15, 64 

Jan.24, 65 
Feb. 3, 65 
Jan.27, 65 
Jan.18. 64 
Jan.24, 65 
Jan.25, 64 

Jan.28, 64 
Dec.31,63 
Feb. 9, 64 
Jan.27, 65 
Jan. 1, 62 
Nov.26,63 

Feb. 3, 65 
Jan. 1,64 
Jan.29, 64 



Harlan, la. 
Durand, 111. 



Brunswick, Minn. 
Freeport, 111 



Milford. Neb. 



Freeport, 111 

s"."H.""Qu"in"c"y.""l"l'L 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 

M. O Mar. 6, 1866, to date 
Jan. 20, 1866 

Died at Duvall's Bluff, Jan. 
7, 1865 

Mustered out Jan, 20.^1866.. 

x.i. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out Oct. 1, 1864... 
M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . . 
Pro. 2d. Lt. from 1st. ^Serg't 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66 as 1st Sgt. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
Died at White River, Ark., 

Oct. 15. 1864 

Died, Camp Hebron, Miss., 

Mar. 21, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Jan. 17, 1866. . 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Died, Bolivar, Tenn., Oct., 
15. 1862 

Died at Salubrity Springs, 
La.. July 24, 1865 

Discharged May 27, 1865. . . . 

Mustered out May 22, 1865.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 

Mustered out, Jan. 20, 1866. 

Died at Big Black. Miss.. 
Apr. 11.1864 

Tr. to V. R. C. Nov. 10, 63. 

Mustered out Jan. 20;_I866.. 

Died Dec. 7, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 24. 1866.. 
Corp'l. Absent, sick, at 

Freeport. 111. 
M. O. Jan. 20. 66. as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Died, Vicksburg, July 5, 62. 
Died, Duvall's Bluff, Dec. 

19, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20,66, as Corp'l.. 



114 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Hofwimer, Joseph 

Held, Frederick C 

Hencke, William 

Heine, Frederick C. . . 

Husenger, Ontje 

Jaeger. John 

Roller, William 

Kohle. Jacob 

Kohle, Joseph 

Kraemer, George 

Kastler, Nicholas 

Kuhler, August 

Kautenberger, Peter.- 

Knecht, Phillip 

Korn, Louis 

Koym, Frederick 

Koehler, Frederick — 

Keller, Frederick 

Kraemer, George W.. 

Klever, George 

Ketlerer, John 

Krueger, Carl 

Latour, Charles 

Luedeke, Henry 

Lahre, John 

Lahre, Isaac 

Lahre, Elias 

Long, Charles M 

Long, Richard 

Long, Jacob 

Lineman, Haeg P 

Lublin, Alexander.... 

Liter, Nicholas 

Mensenkamp, Christ'n 

Miller, Right 

Miller, WiUiam 

Miller, Henry C 

Meise, Conrad 

Miller, Frederick 

Ningen, Jacob Van... 
O'Konas, Cornelius... 

Otto, Charles 

O'Konas, Peter 

Olthofif, William 

Olnhausen, Andre's . . 

Prince, Jacob 

Peppering, Christ 

Rader, Arnold 

Romelf anger, Jacob. . 

Rorback, Jacob 

Rach, Ernest, 

Rippberger, John 

Reinecke, Joseph 

Restine, George 

Schmidt, Johann 

Schoenstein, Burkh'dt 

Streeger, Peter 

Stork, Henry 

Schwartz, Heinrich... 
Schneider, Andrew C. 
Seiferman, Lorenzo . . 



Loran 

Rock Run... 
Freeport . . . . 



Rock Run... 
Silver Creek. 

Ridott 

Freeport 



Freeport 



Loran 

Rock Run.. 

Pike Co 

Rock Run.. 

Peoria 

Niles 

Alto 

Freeport . . . 

Lane 

Freeport . . . 
White Rock 

Freeport . . . 



Ridott.... 
Freeport . 
Ridott.... 



Freeport . 



Ridott... 
Freeport 
Augusta. 
Freeport 

Buckeye. 
Freeport 

Dakota.. 



Jan. 18, 64 
Feb. 1, 65 
Jan. 28, 64 
Feb.29, 64 

Oct. 29, 61 



Jan. 24, 
Nov.25 
Dec. 26, 
Jan. 4, 
Dec.31, 
Jan. 26, 
Jan. 29, 
Jan. 26, 
Jan. 28, 
Jan. 1, 
Feb.l2, 
Jan. 30, 
Jan. 27, 



Mar. 2, 
Jan. 1, 
Jan. 5, 



Nov. 7, 61 
Feb. 4, 64 
Dec.18,63 
Dec.26,63 
Jan. 25, 65 
Jan. 27. 65 
Mar.16,64 
Jan. 27, 65 
Oct. 7, 64 
Mar. 9,65 
Oct. 6, 64 
Feb.l5, 64 
Dec.16, 63 
Dec.18,63 
Dec.29, 63 

Feb.lO, 64 

Feb. 7,62 
Oct. 29, 61 
Jan. 27, 65 
Jan. 25, 65 
Jan. 27, 65 

Oct._29, 61 

Jan. 24, 65 
Oct. 29, 
Feb.29, 
Jan. 28, 
Feb.26, 
Jan. 28, 
Jan. 26, 
Feb. 5, 
Feb.27, 
Feb. 2, 
Feb. 9. 
Feb.27, 
Feb.lO, 
Jan. 26, 
Feb. 4, 
Feb. 2, 



Freeport, 111 

Eleroy, 111 

Grand Island, Neb.. 

Wiota,'ia. '.!"!'. '.'.;;! 
Amboy, 111 

Freeport, 111 

Freeport, 111 

FreeportVllV. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. 

Freeport, 111 

Wiota, la 

Ridott, 111 

Freeport, 111 

Pearl City, 111 

Myrtle, 111 

Pearl City, 111 

Cumberland, la 

Milwaukee, Wis.... 
Atlantic, la , 

Capristona, Cal 

Arcadia, la 

Aplington, la 

Hastings, Neb 

Freeport, 111 

n! Hartford,' Mo '. '. '. 
Freeport, 111 

Rock CiVyViil'.'. !!!'.'.! 
So. Rockford. 111.... 

Oregon, 111 

(Dead) Freeport. Ill 

McConneilV ill. ;;;."! 

Washington, Ili!"!! 
Freeport," ill" !!.'!!."! 



Mustered out Jan,^ 20. 1866 

Abs't, sick, at M.O. of Reg't 
Killed near Jackson, M., 

July 7,1864 

Died at Pittsburgh Land- 
ing, May 5, 1862 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. ■ 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Absent without leave 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Died N. Orleans, Sep. 18. 64 
Died at Devall's Bluff. 

Nov.29.1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20.i 1866 



Sub. M.O.Oct. 6, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Mustered out Oct. 4, 1865. . . 
M.O. Jan. 20,66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

La. 



Died at Morganzia, 
Aug. 21, 1864 

Drowned in Mississippi 

River, Aug. 24,1864 

Sub. Re-enlisted as Vet .... 

Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864.. 

Mustered out Jan._20, 1866.. 

Died at Shreveport. La., 

June 12, 1865 

Discharged Oct. 20, 1864.... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



lis 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Sauer, Julius 

Spies, Jacob , 

Schlueker, Henry A.. 

Schneider, Joseph 

Schroeder, Frank 

Seidenburgr, Freder'k, 

Stoehr, John 

Steffen, Michael 

Schroeder, Charles... 
Schweitzer, John Geo 

Trible, Wilhelm 

Wagner, Herman L.. 

Weik, Louis 

Wagner, Wilhelm 

Wernick, Henry A 

Weimer, Jacob 

Wepel, Hemme 

Wyarda, Theodore... 
Wunderlin, Saver 



Freeport 



Lancaster 
Freeport 
Loran ... 
Freeport 



Harland. 
Freeport 

Dakota.. 
Ridott... 
Freeport 



Feb. 1, 65 
Oct. 29, 61 



Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.29,63 
Oct. 29, 61 

Dec. 1, 63 
Feb. 4, 64 
Jan. 31, 65 
Oct. 29, 61 
Feb. 8, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Jan. 26, 64 
Feb. 6, 65 
Jan.18, 64 
Jan.26,:65 
Jan.27, 65 
Feb. 13. 64 
Feb. 2, 64 



Ida Grove, la. 



(Dead) Freeport, 111 



Monmouth, 111. 



(Dead)Davenp'rt,Ia 
Pecatonica, 111 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Kill'd near Hatchie, Tenn., 

Oct. 5. 1862 

Drowned in Mississippi 

River, Aug. 26, 1864 

Mustered out. Mar. 11. 1864. 
M. O.Oct. 3,65, as Corp'l... 
Discharged Feb. 7, 1862 

furnished a substitute 

Vet. rec't Disch. May 31, 65 
Mustered out June 7, 1865... 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1865.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Freeport, 111. 



Mustered out Nov. 20, 1865. 
Mustered out May 22, 1865.. 



COMPANY D. 

(Consolidated with Co.,1.) 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captain. 
William F. Wilder. 



First Lieutenant. 
JoelL. Coe 



Second Lieutenant. 
Henry H. Woodbury. 

First Sergeant. 
Jasper M.Cadmus... 

Sergeants. 

Everett Rollins 

Uriah J. Terry 

And'w F. Eichelbarger 
HialPike 



Amboy.. 
PawPaw. 

Erie 

Amboy.. 



Corporals. 
Frank Howard — 
John Trowbridge. 



Batavia . 
Sublette . 



Charles L. Beebe 

Eugene F. Thomas.. 
James W. Holmes.. . 

Joel P. Keys 

George W. Manning. 



Amboy , 

Princeton 

Hamilton ... 

Chicago 



Edwin L. Hubbard. 

Musicians. 

Nathan Sanborn Dixon. 

Walter N. Sanborn.. 



Dec. 1, 61 



Dec. 1, 61 



Dec. 1, 61 



Nov.22,61 



Sep.23, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 12,61 
Sep.20, 61 



Nov. 1,61 
Sep.l5, 61 

Nov.8, 61 

Sep.26, 61 
Nov.11,61 
Oct. 15, 61 

Sep.ll, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Denver, Colorado.. . 



Woodstock, Vt. 



Amboy, 111. 



Amboy, 111. 



[inneapolis, Minn. 



Resigned Nov. 24, 1862 , 

Resigned Nov. 12, 1862 

Promoted Adjutant 

Died at Covington, Ky. 
May 6, 1862 

Discharged Nov. 24, 1862... 

Prom. 2nd Lieut. Co. I 

Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 62., 
Disch. Apr. 21, 62; disabil. . . 



Transferred to Co. I 

Died at Savanna, Tenn., 

Mar. 12, 1862 

Transferred to Co. I 

Died at Keokuk, la., Aug. 

21, 1862; wounds 

Died at Lagrange, Tenn., 

Julys, 1862 

Discharged Oct. 7, 1862 

Discharged June 25, 1862... 



116 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name acd Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Privates. 

Angler, Abel 

Angrier. Leander 

Alexander, Christ 

Ash, Georye 

Burrington, John 

Bixby, David S , 

Butterfield, Gilbert L, 

Bird, Roderick D 

Barnard, George S . . . 
Bradbury, Eben C... 

Benjamin, Porter 

Balmer, James , 



Crocker, Freeman F. 

Cromwell, Daniel 

Clark, Daniel 

Crane, Thomas S 

Crawford, Samuel E.. 

Conaway, John 

Dexter, John 

Dow, John W 

Donovan, Dennis 

Echelbarger, Benj P.. 
Finstermaker, Fillm'r 



Forbs, Harlan P ... 

Graves, Aspasia 

Harmon, James 

Holmes, Jacob L... 
Holton, Jerome R... 
Howarter, Henry E. 
Hill, Truman 



Amboy. . . 
Paw Paw. 
Newton... 

Erie 

Sublette.. 



Kipley, Lorenzo 

Levering, Leonard 

Lovering, Henry 

Larish, Almon S 

Lasher, George 

Morse, Benjamin W. . 

Madden, John 

Myers, James 

Mely , James 

McCarthy, John 

Morris, David 

Morris, John A 

Milton. Jacob P 

Manchester, Lewis M 

Myer, Henry 

Merchant, Myron V. . . 

Mulligan, Jacob W 

Millard. Samuel 

Nunn, Robert 

Post, Jacob 

Parsons, Nelson 



RoflE, Clark P 

Ritz. Martin L .... 

Smith, John 

Stevens, Burrell .. 
Sausman, John L. 
Sweet, Josiah B... 

Sanson, Oliver 

Smith, James P... 



Tearncy. Edward. 
Whiting, John E .. 



Union C.Mich 
Amboy... 



Paw Paw.. . 
Amboy 



Dixon 

Prophetst'n 



Paw Paw — 

Dixon 

Paw Paw 

Hamilton . .. 
Fulton 



Amboy... 
Marengo . 
Amboy .. 
Sublette.. 

Lena 

Fulton 



Hamilton , 
Sublette... 



Fair Haven. 

Carroll 

Amboy 



Paw Paw 

Amboy 

Fair Haven 



Fair Haven 
May town... 



Amboy 

Lena 

Amboy 

Hamilton , 



Amboy... 

Lena 

Amboy. . . 
Hamilton 

Lena 

Prophets' wn 

Amboy 

Fair Haven 



Clinton, Is 
Amboy... 



Sep;16, 61 

Oct. 3, 61 
Nov.10,61 
Nov.19,61 
Sep.20, 61 
Nov. 6. 61 
Nov.12,61 
Dec. 1,61 

Nov.27,61 
Oct. 24, 61 

Nov. 3, 61 
Nov.20,61 
Dec. 1. 61 
Oct. 15. 61 
Nov.20,61 
Nov.12,61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
Oct.lI.61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct.15, 61 

Oct.25. 61 
Oct.l2, 61 
Dec. 1.61 

Nov.18,61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Nov.22,61 
Oct.18. 61 

Oct.15, 61 
Dec.l, 61 

Nov. 8.61 
Dec. 1,61 
Oct 25, 61 
Nov. 6,61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Nov. 8, 61 
Nov.30,61 
Nov. 1,61 
Nov. 8,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.18,61 
Dec.l, 61 

Nov. 5. 61 
Nov.17,61 
Dec, 1, 61 

Oct.24, 61 
Dec. 1. 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Nov.13.61 
Nov.14,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov. 8, 61 

Oct. 23. 61 
Dec. 1. 61 



Boonesboro, la. 



Mason City, la. 



Fenton. Ill 



Lyons, la. 



Discharged Dec. 5, 1862 

Died, Memphis, Sept. 21, 62. 
Died, Cincinnati, Apr. 21, 62 
Killed at Shiloh, Apr. 6, 62 
Died, Amboy, 111., June 6. 62 
Disch. Nov. 4. 62; disabil... 

Rejoined 23d 111 

Transferred to Co, I 



Disch. Mar. 24, 1862. Die 

at Bolivar 

Discb. July 12, 1852 

Transferred to Co. I.. ... 
Disch. Nov. 24, 62; disabil. 
Transferred to Co. I 



Disch. Apr. 28. 62; disabil. .. 
Disch. July 10, 62; disabil... 
Transferred to Co. I 



Died at Pittsburg, 

May 2, 1862 

Transferred to Co. I. 



Disch. Oct. 11,62; disabil... 

Transferred to Co I 

Disch. Sept. 4, 62; disabil... 
Died at Bolivar, Tenn.. 

Oct. 22, 1862 

Transferred to Co. I 

Died at Corinth May 28. 62. 
Died at Corinth. June 5, 62.. 
Transferred to Co. I 



Killed at Shiloh 

Died, wounds rec'd Shiloh.. 
Transferred to Co. I 



Transferred to Co. I 

Disch. Apr. 21, 62; disabil. 
Disch. Apr. 4, 62; disabil.. 

Transferred to Co. I 

KiUed at battle of Shiloh. 
Transferred to Co. I 



Disch. Feb. 4, 1862, by 

writ of habeas corpus . . . 

Transferred to Co. I 



S. H.,Marsh'lto' 
Amboy, 111.. . 



Discharged Dec. 5, 1862. 



Beatrice, Neb- 



Died, St. Louis, June 11. 62. 
Killed at battle of Shiloh . - . 

Transferred to Co. I 

Died at Fair Haven, 111., 

June 23. 1862 

Transferred to Co. I 

Discharged July 18, 1862 .... 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



117 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Whitingr, Charles L... 


Amboy 

Lena 

Amboy 

Prophetst'n . 

Erie . 


Dec.l , 61 

Nov.14 61 

Nov.18,61 
Oct.26, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct.20, 61 
Dec.;. 61 

Nov.14.61 
Jan.15, 62 

Dec. 1, 61 




M. O. Jan 28 63' wounded 


Wales, Martin 




Killed at battle of Shiloh 


Woolsey, Philander H 






Waterhouse, Lewis.. 




Died at Pittsburg: Tenn 


Winebrenner, John B. 




Mar. 20, 1862 

Transferred to Co I 


Wood, William H.... 


Fair Haven, 

Fulton 

Fair Haven. 
Cordova 

Prophetst'n . 
Dixon 






Died. St. Louis, May 27, 62. 
Disohargfed Aug:. 4, 62 


Windle, William 

Wier, Thomas 


Falls City. Cal 


Wressell, David 






Whitney, H. B 






Recruits. 

Case, Franklin 

Hoxie, Oscar 


Syracuse, Neb 


Discharg-edOct. 18, 1862.... 
Died at Pittsburg Tenn 






April 2, 1862 

Retained by civil authority 
at Dixon, 111. Not must, in 







COMPANY D — NEW COMPANY. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 

James W. Crane 

Francis O. Miller..., 

First Lieutenants. 
Francis O. Miller..., 
Isaac Bobb 

Second Lietitenants. 

Isaac Bobb , 

Benj. F. Hayhurst., 

Privates. 

Aurand, John J 

Adams, John H 

Atkins, Lewis E 

Avery, William N.., 

Bolick, Henry , 

Benton, Levi 

Bates, Andrew J 

Brown, James E 

Boyer, Georgre 

Belden. Arthur , 

Bentley, William 

Bentley Lewis D 

Beck, John 

Branaird, Benjamin 
Bundy, Ambrose A. 
Bundy, Christopher 

Bistline, Daniel 

Crane, James W 

Clark, William H... 

Clark, Charles B 

Cade, Charles , 

Cook, Sherman M.., 
Cutting:. Henry P.. . 

Cross. Levi 



Freeport 



Freeport 

Buckeye 

Buckeye 

Freeport 

Loran 

Freeport 

Florence 

Freeport 

Waddams .. 
Buckeye 

Ridott 

Oneco 

Freeport 



Waddams... 
Cherry Gr've 



Freeport 



Ridott . . . . 
Shannon . 

Oneco 

Freeport . 



Feb. 3, 64 
June 6, 65 



Feb. 3, 64 
June 6. 65 



Jan.30, 64 
June 6, 65 



Dec. 17.63 
Dec. 29,63 
Jan. 5, 64 
Nov.30.63 
Dec. 26,63 
Dec. 11,63 



Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 26,63 
Dec. 28,63 
Dec. 24,63 
Dec. 28,63 
Dec. 26,63 
Dec .30,63 

Jan.18. 64 
Jan. 2. 64 
Dec. 30.63 
Dec. 29,63 
Dec. 31,63 
Dec. 18,63 
Dec. 28,63 
Dec. 25,63 

Jan. 2, 64 



Freeport, III. 

Freeport, 111 

Freeport, 111 

Orangeville. 111. .- 

Orangeville 

Guthrie Center, la 
(Dead) 

King:sburg:. Cal. . 

Corning:. la 

Freeport, 111 .. .. 

Damascus, 111 — 

Walnut, Kas 

Freeport. Ill 

Rowan. la 

DeSoto. la 

Booneville, la — 



Resig:ned Mar. 25, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. June 22, 65. as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20,_1866 . 

Corp'l. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Mustered out July 3, 1865-. 
Disch. Feb. 14, 65. as Ser- 

8:eant; disability 

M. O. Jan. 20 66 as Corpl. . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 



"1." 



Died, Vicksburg:, July, 2, 64 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. • 



Promoted Capt. Feb. 27, 64 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866- 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- 
Vet. rec. Tr to Co. G. 23d 

Reg:. V. R. C 

Abs't, sick at Mobile, Ala. 



118 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Clark, John 

Daugrhenbaugh, J. N 

Denton, Levi A 

Diemer, Levi 

Edgars, William 

Eister, Daniel, W ... 

Eells, Lancing 

Eshelman, Michael N 

Fiss, Thomas J 

Fogrel, John D 

Fry, Joel 

Felt, William W 

Fetzer, Christian 

Flory, John 

Grissinger, William B 
Gardner, Brayton. 
Grinnel, William D 
Hurlburt.Rich'rds'nW 
Hayhurst Benajah F. 
Hayden, Luther H — 
Hammond, Marion.. 

Jones, Robert A 

Johnson, James W... 
Kleckner, John P. . .. 

Kaley, Joseph 

Keller, Henry 

King, Henry 

Knight, Hiram R. ... 

Kleckner, Jacob 

Keeler, Christian 

Lmcoln, Albert 

Lightheart, Warren • . 

Lee, Samuel 

Leverton, Isaac 

Lutts, William 

Lenart, Elias 

Miller, Francis O 

Melton, Leonard L •• 
Minnick, Nathaniel •■ 

Musser, John W 

Morehouse, Warren E 
McGilligan, Wm. K. P. 
Maxwell, Joseph W.. 

Mattingley, James- ■. 
Messinger, George... 
Meesenger, William . 

Mudy , George W 

Musser, Raymond-.. 
Macharaer, Aaron E 
McGillagin, Joseph N 

Parker, William 

Rush, Joseph 

Rush, Emanuel 

Reed, James H 

Rogers, Michael 

Reed, Stephen' A 

Randal, James 

Stine, John 

Spitler, William H... 
Solace, Cheslon, L... 
Shumaker, George... 
Scrambling, Wm. H.. 
Spofford, Charles P.. 

Towl, Henry E 

Vaughn, Oscar O 

Verguson, John S — 



Ridott. -. 
Orangeville • 
Waddams. 
Freeport . • 



Winslow . . 
Freeport . . 

Waddams. 
Freeport . . 



Cherry Gr' 
Waddams, 
Freeport . . 
Cherry Gr've 
Freeport 



Ridott.-.. 
Freeport . 



Waddams. 
Freeport . . . 



Waddams.-. 
Freeport - - 

Ridott 

Freeport — 
Waddams... 
Oneco 

Cherry Gr've 
Freeport — 

Ridott 

Freeport — 

Ridott 

Lancaster. -- 
Freeport .. 

Cherry Gr've 

Loran 

Cherry Gr've 
Freeport — 
Harlem . .. 
Silver Creek. 



Freeport 
Oneco — 
Freeport 



Waddams.. 
Oneco-- -. 
Freeport . . . 



Jan. 2, 64 
Dec. 5, 63 
Dec.29,63 
Jan. 2, 64 
Dec.12,63 
Dec.22,63 

Dec,29,63 
Dec .30, 63 
Dec.11,63 
Dec.30.63 
Dec.28,63 

Dec.30,63 
Dec.11,63 
Dec.29,63 
Dec.30,63 
Dec.29,63 
Dec.24,63 
Dec.28,63 
Dec.29,63 
Dec.28,63 

Dec.29,63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.31,63 
Jan. 2, 64 
Dec.15,63 
Jan. 5,64 
Dec.29,63 
Jan. 5,64 
Dec.29,63 

Jan.l4, 64 
Dec.30,63 
Dec.28,63 
Dec.29,63 
Dec. 26. 63 
Dec.28,63 
Dec.29,63 

Dec.31,63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.31,63 
Dec.21,63 
Jan. 4, 64 
Jan, p, 64 

Dec.29,63 
Dec.31,63 
Dec.29.63 

Dec.30,63 
Jan. 4, 64 
Jan. 2, 64 
Dec.24,63 

Dec.28,63 
Dec.30,63 
Dec.29,6£ 
Dec.19,63 
Dec.28,63 
Jan. 2, 64 
Dec.22,63 

Dec.29,63 



Orangeville, 111 

Finchford, la 

Aurelia, la 

Aurora, Neb 

Savanna, 111 

Hinkley, Minn 

Walnut, Kans 

W.G'rd Rapids, Mich 



Beatrice, Neb. 



McConnell, 111 
Freeport, 111 .. 
Freeport, 111 . 



McConnell, 111 



Waterloo, la — 

LaSalle, 111 

McConnell,Ill (dead) 
Sumner, la- - - 

Shannon, 111 

Elkhart, Ind-... 
Freeport, 111 . . . 

Allerton, la 

Freeport, 111 — 



Waterloo, la.. 
Hazelton, la- . 
Abaline, Kas. 



Logan, la 

Belvidere, 111. 



Hanover, 111. 
Joliet, 111.... 
Jessup, la.. 



Freeport, 111. . . . 

Oneco, 111 

Oneco, 111 



Leadville, Colo. 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Abs't, sick, at Freeport, 111. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Mustered out Aug. 20, 1864. 
Sgt. Died May 14, 64; w'nds 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 66 ... 
Abs't, sick, at Mobile, Ala. 
Disch. Sep. 28, 64; w'ds. died 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corpl.- 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866-. 
M. O. Jan, 20. 66, as Serg't. 
Pro. 2d Lt, from 1st Serg't. 
Died, Memphis Jan, 5, 65- .. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't- 
Abs't, sick at Mobile, Ala-. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out June 26, 1865. . 
Died Vicksburg.June 3, 64. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 66.- . 



Discharged July 7, 65- 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 



Promoted 1st Lieutenant. . ■ 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1865- . 



Abs't, sick, at Freeport, 111. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Died at Morganzia, La., 

Aug. 23, 64 

Mustered, out Jan. 20, 1866- 
Discharged May 31, 1865--. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 
Died M 'nd City , Oct. 19, 64 - . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866-. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20,^ 1866. 

Trans, to Co. E. Mar. 8, 65. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Absent without leave, at 

M. O. of Regiment 

. O. Jan. 20, 66, as 1st Sgt. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Nov. 4, 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- - 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



119 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Vance, Orrin C 

Wagnor, John P 

Williams, Edward J.. 

Warren, William 

Winner, Jacob.. 

Wittenmeyer.John H. 

Youngr, William 

Zerby, Jacob 

Recruits. 

Brady, Frederick 

Brown, William W..-- 

Brown, John W 

Beswick, Augustus W 

Cade, Levi 

Dunnegran, Dennis. • • ■ 

Furray, William 

Gross, Theodore ... . 

Koehler, John 

Kom, Louis 

Manier, Louis 

Pangfburn, George E.. 
Plummer, Jerome B. 
Ruddle, Jacob 

Shumaker, John A 

Simcox, Allison R... 

Tucker, James 

Tauksley.Wm. A 

Tyler, Dayton D 



Freeport . . 

Waddams. 
Freeport . 

Buena Vista 
Waddams... 
Buckeye 

Cherry Gr've 

Ridott 

Buckeye 

Augusta. • 

Oneco 

Augusta 

Buckeye 

Lancaster. . . 
Freeport — 

Augusta 

Forreston. • 
Oneco 

Barry 

Augusta 

Winslow — 



Jan. 4, 64 
Dec.24,63 
Dec.29, 63 

Jan. 1, 64 
Dec.23, 63 
Dec.n,63 
Jan. 2, 64 



Oct. 10, 64 
Jan. 24, 65 
Feb.25, 65 
Feb.27,64 
Jan. 24, 65 
Feb.27, 65 
Jan. 27, 65 
Feb. 2, 65 
Feb. 4, 65 
Jan. 1, 64 
Feb.27, 65 
Jan. 1, 64 
Aug. 5, 62 
Oct. 10,64 

Jan. 24, 65 



Nov.18,63 
Feb.27, 65 
Sep.lO, 61 



Eagle, Neb 

Rockford,'irL,' dead 

Damascus, 111 

Burbank.Cal 

Freeport, 111 

Livermore, Kans . .. 

Monroe, Wis 

Kellog, Kans 

McConneuV 111.' •••"•• 
South Shore, S.D... 

Oneco, 111 

Winslow," iil'.!^.''!" 



Mustered out Nov. 8, 1865. • - 
"" O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 18661. 
Corp'l. M.O. June26, 65... 
Mustered out Oct. 17. 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Oct. 9, 1865.. • . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Trans, to Co. C, Mar. 11, 64 
Mustered out Aug. 15, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Jan. 4, 1866- ■ . 
Died at Salubrity Springs, 

July 5,1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 . . 
Died at Salubrity Springs, 

Aug. 6, 1865 

Vet. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Vet. recruit. Captured. 

M.O. Sept. 22, 1865 



COMPANY E. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 

John M. Marble 

Frederick H. Marsh- 



First Lieutenants. 

William Lane 

Frederick H. Marsh 
William N. Haney... 



Corporals. 
John McClintock.. 



Bloomingt' n 
Mt. Morris. • 



Morrison. . . 
Mt. Morris. 
Hopkins 



Second Lieutenants. 

William Plantz 

Albert Seizick 

Samuel V. Boyer 

First Sergeant. 
Henry A. Briggs 

Sergeants. 
Frederick H. Marsh. 

William Morton 

Wilson Lenhart 

Samuel Roberts 



Oregon . 



Oregon. 



Mt. Morris- 
Morrison... 

Delhi 

Clyde 



Dec. 1, 61 
Aug. 8, 64 



Dec. 1, 61 
Sep. 11, 62 
Aug. 8, 64 



Dec. 1, 61 
May 23,62 
Apr.25,65 



Nov.16,61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 



Rockford, 111.. 

Morrison, 111. ■ 
Rockford, 111.. 
Maquoketa, la 



Bellingham, Wash 
St. Paul, Minn 

Joliet.IU 

Rockford, 111 

Clark, "s.b!! !'..'.'!!' 

Netewaka, Kans . 



Discharged Aug. 8, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Disch. Sept. 11. 1862 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.- 

Resigned May 23, 1864 

Discharged June 27, 1864 . . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.- 



Disch. Aug. 15, 62; wounds. 



Promoted 1st Lieutenant. . . 
Died, Evansville, June 6, 62 
Disch. Dec. 1, 64, as 1st Sgt. 
Disch. May 20, 62; disabil. . . 



lornson... 



Died at Henderson, 
Oct. 16. 1862 



Ky 



120 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Residence. 



Date of 

rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Joseph Boyles 

James T.Jackson — 
Elliott E. Pollard.... 

David Evans.. 

F. A. Andrus 

Joseph R, Gibson 

Samuel V. Boyer 

Privates. 

Auner, Porter 

Auner, Thomas 

Bosley, Julius 

Bardsall, Charles H. 
Blodgett, Dougflas D 

Boyes, John T 

Bemis, Henry T 

Benjamin, Harvey L 

Cooper, George O 

Coles, James M 

Creigrhton, Henry 

Correll, JohnW 

Dodge, Columbus 

Davey, Isaiah 

Eades, Jonathan 

Evans, Samuel 

Frazier, David 

Fuller, Abram B 

Frank, John F 

French, James W 

Gillespie, Peter 

Hays, David .. 

Hill, Jesse 

Haney, William M . . . 
Hopkins, William T. 

Hodges, Jesse G 

Holden, John 

Imlay, Robert 

Johnson, Gustavus .. 

Johnson, August 

Justus, Lafayette J.. 
Kennedy, Joseph R.. 

Lenhart, Silas N.. .. 

Laidley, David 

Lathrop, Carlo 

Longsdon, Rufus. .. 
Lindsey, William E.. 
McNeil, Alexander.. . 

Morton, John 

Martin, James S 

Mann, Frank 

Marble, Roscoe 

Moxley, Ridson, R... 
McBane, William... 

McGee, Matthew 

McCloud, David 



Lafayette . 
Morrison. . 
U. Grove.. 
Genesee... 
Ogle 

Lafayette 
U. Grove.. 



Pine Rock. 

U. Grove.... 

Hopkins 

Morrison 

Nashua — 

Us tick. .'.'.'". 
Fenton 

Ustick. ... 

Mt. Morris. 

Morrison .. 

Lafayette • . 
Ustick 



Genesee 

Fulton 

Rockvale.. ■ 
Ustick 



Oregon... 
Morrison. 
Union 



Clyde 

Hopkins. 
Genesee- 

Ogle 

Nashua . 
Ustick.... 
Chicago . 
Genesee- 
Morrison. 
Clyde 



Delhi - 



Albany . . 
Linden - • • 

Oregon . . . 
Nashua. ■ 
Morrison. 



Mt. Pleasant 
Lafayette . . - 
Ogle 



Morrison 
Nashua ■ . 



Oct. 16, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 24. 61 
Nov.18,61 
Nov. 8,61 

Oct. 8, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 



Oct. 19. 61 
Oct. 14, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 

Oct. 10, 61 
Sep, 20,61 
Nov. 4, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 

Nov.16,61 

Nov. 4, 61 

Oct. 26, 61 
Nov.28,61 

Nov.12,61 
Dec. 1, 61 

Nov. 2,61 

Dec. 1, 61 
Nov. 5,61 
Oct. 1, 61 

Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 

Nov. 7, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Oct. 21, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 6, 61 



Oct. 1, 61 



Nov.20.61 

Oct. 30, 61 
Nov. 9, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 



Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.25,61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Nov. 7. 61 
Oct. 22, 61 



Taylor, 111 

Newton fKans .. .. 

St. Paul, Minn 

Ashton. iil '- '. " " ... 
Lynden, 111 

Baldwin, la 

Tama, la 

McCune, Kans 

Mallord, la 

Coleta, 111 

Maquota, la 

Pitcherville, 111 

Friend, Neb 

s. h. Milwaukee, Wis 
White Hall, Mich.- - 
Belmond, la 

Topaz, Cai 

Marysville, Mo 



Disch. Dec. 25, 62; wounds. 
Disch. May 5,62; disabil.... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Private. Died at Ogle, iu., 

Jan. 31, 1864 

Re-enHsted as Veteran 



Disch. Dec. 9, 62; disabil 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Tr. to V. R. C. Nov. io,'m 
Died at Morrison, 111., 

Mar. 6, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Discharged Dec. 1, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran. ... 
Died at Lagrange, Tenn., 

July 13,1862 

Died at Tuscaloosa, (Ala.,) 

prison May 7, 1862 

Died at Columbus, O., May 

4,1862 

Disch. Dec. 1, 64, as Corp'l.. 
Died at Henderson, Ky., 

May 12, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M.O.May 13, 1863 

Disch. Sept. 28, 62: disabil-. 
Died near Corinth, June 

10,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran.. •• 

Died at Pittsburg Landing 

Apr. 9,1862 

Disch. Aug. 15, 62; disabil-. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 25, 62; wounds.. 

Discharged Dec. 1, 1864 

Disch. Nov. 12, 62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Corp'l. Died at Natchez, 

Sept. 9, 1863 

Died at Henderson, Ky,, 

May 2, 1862 

Disch, Sept. 29, 62; disabil. . 
Died at Pittsburg Landing 

May 4, 1862 

Mustered out Dec. 19, 1862. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Discharged Dec. 1, 1864. . . . 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Hamburg, Tenn., 

Mayl6,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M. O. May 13, 1863 

Re-enhsted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 5, 1862- . - 
Disch. Sept. 5, 62, disabii... 
Died at Pittsburg Landing 

Apr. 4. 1862 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



121 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Mellingrer, John B — 
Newton, James H — 

Noble, Alonzo B 

Newton, Addison . — 

Palmer, William 

Pearl, Joseph 

Peck, Charles N 

Plantz, Victor A 

Reimer, John 

Ryan, Michael 

Russell, Alanson H. 

Seizick, Albert 

Switzer, Benjamin J. 

Sheehy, Michael 

St. John, Bela T 

Smith, James P 

Shultz, James R 

Simmers, Matthias.. 

Still, John 

Trefethen, Alfred M . 
Thompson, Henry. . . 

Titus, Elmore Y 

Tilton, Horace 

Vennum,' Edward C 
Wheeler, William N.. 
Welch, Peter 

Wilbur, John F. S . . 

Weatherbee, Eph. ... 

Veterans. 
Auner, Thomas M.. 
Benjamin Harvey L. 

Boyer, Samuel V 

Bois, JohnT 



Clyde .... 
Penton... 
Genesee.. 
U. Grove. 
Sterling . . 
U. Grove. 
Pine Rock 



Mt. Pleasant 
Bradford • 

Morrison ■ 

U. Grove.. 

Clyde 

Morrison . 
Genesee .. 
Ogle 



Morrison. 
Ustick. . . . 



Clyde 

Lafayette 



Nashua . 
Oregon.. 



Pine Rock.. 

Ustick 

U. Grove... 
Nashua — 



Oct. 1. 61 
Nov.8, 61 
Nov.2, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 



Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 1. 61 



Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. _1, 61 

Oct.25, 61 
Nov.l, 61 
Nov.9, 61 
Nov.n,61 

Oct.l, 61 

Oct.24, 61 
Nov.l, 61 
Oct.lO. 61 
Nov.18,61 
Oct.22, 61 
Nov.4 61 

Nov.12,61 

Nov. 2, 61 

Dec. 22,63 



Bosley, Julius. . . 
Bemis, Henry H. 

Cole, James M 

Evans, David. . .. 



U. Grove. 
Nashua .. 
Penton... 
Genesee.. 



Evans, Samuel L. .. 
French, James M . . . 

Gillispie, Peter 

Gibson, Joseph R... 
Haney, William M.. 
Imlay, Robert 

Johnson, Gustavus. . 
Johnson, August... 
Justus, Lafayette J. 
Lindsey, William E.. 

Morton, John 

Mann, Frank 

Moxley, Risdon, R . 
O'Neil, Patrick. ... 
Pollard, Elliott, E .. 

Palmer, William 

Plantz, Victor A 

Ryan, Michael 

Russell, Alanson H. 
Switzer, Benjamin J 

SwansoD, Peter 

St. John. Bela T. .. . 



Oregon.. 
Morrison. 
Lafayette . 



Ustick 

Chicago. .. 
Genesee... 
Morrison.. 
Nashua . .. 
Morrison.. 
Mt. Pleasa 
Lafayette. 
Sterling.. 
U. Grove.. 

Bradford.. 
Morrison.. 

Clyde....". 
Chicago. .. 
Genesee. . 



Jan. 1, 64 
Dec. 22,63 



Frankfort, Kas... 

Sterling, Nebr.. .. 
Oregon, 111 

Des Moines, la. .. 
Newton, Kas 

Sumner, la 

Edgar, Neb 

Defiance, la 

Ames, la 

Carus, Oregon . . . 
Ashton, 111 

Union Grove, 111.. 
Conrad Grove, la 

Volney, S. D 

Atlantic, la 

Central City, la... 



Ashton, 111 

Baldwin, la. . .. 
St. Paul, Minn. 





Oregon 111 






.1 






McCune, Kas 


. 1,64 


Sheilrock,'la''!..^'.' 
Maquoketa, la 



Milwaukee, Wis.. 
White Hall. Mich. 

Belmond, la 

Topaz, Cal 



Iowa Falls, la 
Dec .22,63j Newton, Kans. 

" DesMoines, la 
" [Sumner, la 

Edgar, Nebr. . 

i Defiance, la . - . 



Disch. Nov. 11, 62; disabil.. 
Discharged Dec. 1, 1864 ... 
Mustered out Nov. 18, 63 ... 
Disch. Sept. 29, 62; disabil.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, Memphis, June 27, 63. 
Died near Jackson, Miss., 

July, 19, 1863 

Re-enlisted as Verteran.- . 
Serg't. Trans, to V. R. C, 

Mar., 26, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



ICarus, Oregon.... 



Promoted 2d Lieutenant... 

R-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Mar. 18, 1863. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov. 10, 62; disabil-. 

Disch. May 5, 62; disabil 

Disch. Dec. 4, 62; wounds . . 
Disch. May 5, 62; disabil... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov. 12, 62; disabil. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. .. 
Disch. Nov. 10, 62; disabil. - 
Disch. Mar. 30, 63, wounds. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. ... 
Died at Pittsburg Landing, 

May 4, 62.. 

Died at Pittsburg Landing, 

May 13,62 

Tr. to V. R.C, Mar. 26, 1864 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Pro. 2d Lt. from 1st Sgt . . - . 
Corp. Absent, sick at M. O. 

of Regiment 

Mustered out Dec. 31, 65. - . . 
Disch. Jan. 20, 65, as Corp'l 
Mustered out, Dec. 31, 65. .- 
Serg't. Absent, sick at M. O. 

f Regiment 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66 as Sergt . - 

Died Jan- 19, 1864 

Trans, to Co. K, Feb. 29, 64 
M. O. Jan. 20,66, as Serg't. 
Prom. 1st Lt. from Serg't. - 
Killed near Jackson, Miss., 

July 7, 1864 

Musered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 

[. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 

[ustered out Jan. 20, 1866- - 



. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Sergt.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Disch June 24, 65; disabil. . . 
Abs't. sick, at M . O. of Reg't 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 
Disch. Mar. 15, 65; wounds . ■ 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as 1st Sgt- 



122 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Trefethen, Alfred M . • 

Titus, Elmore Y 

Wheeler, William N.. 



Recruits. 

Austin, Charles E 

Buckley. Merrill 

Buckley, Warren E . . . 

Butler, James, 

Brassell, Thomas 

Burke, John 

Colcord, Albert H . . . . 

Colcord, Ivory A 

Callender, James 

Carpenter, Ralph L. . . 



Ustick.. 
Clyde... 
Nashua 



Amboy. 
Fulton.. 



Eppard's Pt. 
Amboy 



Montezuma , 
Kulton 



Cassady, John 

Demuth, Frederick... 
Evans, Columbus D . . 
Fergfuson, Russell L. . 

Gurley, Isaiah 

Hammond, Andrew J 

Hall, William J 

Hill, James T 

Junior, Alexander 

Johnson, William W.. 

Koin, JohnW 

Keenan, Michael 

Law, John W 

Long:, Isaac 

Leslie, Edward 

Larry, Hiram 

Marion, Joseph 

Moses, Lewis 

Moshier, Lorenzo 

Mulinax, John 

Moses, William W — 

McGinnis, Chester 

Middaugrh, John E 

O'Brien, Patrick 

O'Neil, Patrick 

Pike, Thomas 

Peaslie, Cornelius 

Phillips, Christopher.. 

Patterson, Orrin O 

Plank Christian 

Phillips, William H.... 

Quinn, Edward 

Roberts, Charles W.. 

Randall, Willis A 

Roadknigrht, Wm. H.. 

Roat, Samuel H 

Reed, Isaac W 

Reed, James H 

Runkle, John D 

Rosser, Allen P 

Rishel, John G 

Ransford, Henry 

Shultz, James R 

Shaw, William 

Shaw, Stephen 

Stonebraker,Jasper N 

Steele, David S 

Shane, William E 

Seyler, Peter 

Saxby William R 

Sidles, Charles E 



Genesee 

Lafayette ... 



Lancaster... 

Florence 

Fulton City.. 
Island Creek 
Whiteside co 

Freeport 

U. Grove.... 
Buckeye 



Lafayette. 
Buckeye.. 



Freeport .... 
Northfield... 

Mayfield 

Mission 

Morrison 

Fulton 

Sterling 

Fulton 

Freeport 

Buckeye 

Manlius 

Amboy 

Freeport 

Genesee Grv 

Hopkins 

Fulton City.. 

Chicago 

Oregon 

Freeport 

Buckeye 



Dec. 22, 63 



Oct. 8, 64 
Dec. 3, 63 
Dec.23,63 
Dec.31.63 
Feb.24, 65 
Oct. 8, 64 
Feb.l3, 65 
Feb.l4, 65 
Dec. 5, 63 
Jan. 4, 64 

Feb. 6, 65 
Jan. 28,65 
Feb.13, 65 
Dec. 9, 63 
Aug.15,62 
Feb 24, 65 
Feb. 7 
Dec. 29, 63 
Feb.11,64 
Feb.l9, 64 
Feb.29, 64 
Jan. 16, 65 
Feb._6, 65 

Jan. 28, 65 
Dec. 9, 63 
Feb. 6, 65 
Feb._ 7, 65 

Jan. 24, 65 
Feb.24, 65 
Oct. 5. 64 
Feb. 9. 64 
Dec.28,63 
Feb.15,62 
Feb.22, 64 
Feb. 2, 65 
Feb. 6. 65 
Oct. 8, 64 

Feb. 6, 65 
Feb.17,64 
Feb. 9, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Mar.30,64 
Feb.22, 64 
Feb. 7, 65 



Conrad Grove, la. . • 



Fulton, 111. 
Leclair, la. 



Centralia, Wis 



Ankeney, la. 



Grinnell, la.... 
DesMoines, la. 



Cedarville, 111 

Oilman City, la 

Brooklyn, N.Y.dead 



Hastings, Neb. 
Cedarville. 111.. 



Iowa Falls, la. 



Crab Orchard, Neb 
Crab Orchard, Neb 



Oregon, 111. 



Waddams . . 

Allison 

Ogle 

Fulton 

Mt. Morris.. 

Lane 

Rock Run... 
Buckeye 

Florence — 



Feb. 6, 
Jan. 22 
Jan. 31, 
Oct. 7, 
Oct. 16 
Dec.22 
Jan. 4, 
Feb.25. 
Dec.22 
Feb. 7, 
Feb. 6, 



Osage, la 

Chickasa, Okla. 



Sabula, la 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Huron, S. D 



Chamberlain, S. D. 

65[Lena,Ill. 

iGilmore, City, la... 
Feb. 24,65 Palmyra, Kans ■ . ■ 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866.. 



Mustered out Oct. 7, 1^65.... 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Oct, 7, 1865 
Mustered out Jan. _20, 1866 

M. O. to date June 8, 1865 
Died at Kennerville, La., 

Jan. 9, 1865 

M. O.Jan. 20, 66 

Mustered out Aug. 9, 1865 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 

Disch. June 14, 65; disabil. . . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 

Mustered out Blay 22, 1865 
Absent, sick 

Mustered out Dec. 31, 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Nov. 3, 1864 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Oct. 9, 1865 
Sub. Disch. Oct. 4, 1865 
Mustered out July 16, 1864 
Vet. Rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 66 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. _ 20. 1866 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 7,1865 

Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Mustered out Jan. 2. 1866... 

M. O. Nov. 4. 1865 

M.O.Jan. 20. 66. as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 .. 

Absent, sick at Chicago 

Mustered out Jan. _20, 1866 

Abs't sick, at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 
Abs't sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out May 27, 1865. . 
Sub. Disch. Sept. 30. 1865 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Absnt, sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



123 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 




Mt. Morris.. 
Rock Run. .. 

Dakota 

Brookfield... 

Fulton 

Lafayette . . . 
Mt. Morris.. 
Oneco 


Oct. 17, 64 
Jan.26, 65 
Dec. 8. 63 
Feb.25, 65 

Feb.29, 64 

Dec.21,63 
Feb. 10, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Nov.10,62 
Dec.23,63 
Feb.27, 64 

Dec.21,63 

Dec.29,63 
Oct. 5, 64 
Jan. 20, 65 
Oct. 8, 64 
Nov.10,61 

Dec.28,63 
Nov.21,63 


Huron S D. 


Mustered out Oct. 16. 65 


Springer, David S 










Spears, Henry 


Wiota la. . . . 


Mustered out Sept. 26, 1865, 




as of Co. C, 11th Inf 




Rochelle 111 


La., Aug. 17, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 


Trenholm, Robert.... 
Trotter, James 


Rockford, 111 

Dallas, Texas 


Abs'tsick at M. O. ofReg.. 
Mustered out Nov. 9, 1865.. 


Turney, Robert W.... 
Thorp, Isaac N 


Fulton 

Genesee Gr.. 

Fulton 

Melrose.".;;; 

Freeport 

Amboy 

Oregon 




Died, Mo'nd City, Oct. 20,64 




Drowned in Mississippi 




River Jan. 3, 1865 

Died at Vicksburg, July 22. 


White William J 




1864; wounds 

Discharged June 14, 1865 






Discharged July 16, 1864 .... 


Wright, James 

Waddell, William W.. 




Sub. Disch. Oct. 4,1865 .... 


Watertown, S. D.... 


Transferred to Co. A 


Weymouth, John 

Under Cook of A. D. 




Aug. 3, 1865 




Mustered out Jan. 5, 1862... 
Mustered out July 31. 1865. . 


Smith Henry 


















COMPANY F. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 
Thomas Wakefield. . . 
Francis M. Lollar 

First Lieutenants. 
John W. Barr 

John Shaw 

AlvinT. Byrne 

Second Lieutenants. 
Winfield S. Ingraham 

John Shaw 

Francis M. Lollar 

John L. Carter 

First Sergeant. 
Jesse B. Shadle 

Sergeants. 

George Elder 

George Orman 

George A. White 

Jonathan Blair 

Corporals. 

Aaron D. Shadle 

Quinten J. Bryant 

John L. Carter 

Joshua F. Harlow 



Newton 

Clay City... 



Vevay, Ind. 
Clay City... 



Ingraham.. 
Vevay, Ind. 
Clay City... 



Clay City. 
Clay City. 



Davis 

Clay City. 



Clay City.... 



Dec.30.61 
Dec.28,64 



Oct. 15, 61 



Nov.22,63 
Dec.28,64 



Dec.30,61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Nov.23,63 
Mar.20,65 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 
Oct._4. 61 

Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 



(Dead) 

Olney, 111 

Vinton, la 

Vevay, Ind 

(Dead) 

Vevay, Ind 

Olney, 111 

Ingraham, 111... 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Olney, 111 

Ingraham, 111... 



Mustered out Dec 28, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



M. O. for prom, in 2d Miss. 

C. I. Nov. 22,1863 

Mustered out Dec. 28, 1864. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Killed in Battle of Shiloh... 
Promoted 



Mustered out Jan. 20,1866... 



Disch. Dec. 31. 63, for prom 
in 2d Miss. Heavy Art 

Disch. Dec. 13, 62; disabil,.. 
Died at Richland co.. 111., 

July 20,1862 

Disch. July 9, 62; disabil. . . . 
Died at Clay co., 111., Aug., 

24,1862 

Disch. Nov. 7, 62; disabil... 
Died, St. Louis, June 7, 62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran • 

Disch. May 3. 63: disabil 



124 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Residence. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



William Crossen 

James T. Brotherton 

Lot S, Rogers 

Milton Wakefield.... 

Musicians. 

Joshua B. Craig 

Francis M. Lollar 

IVagoner. 
T. Jefferson Wells.. 

Privates. 

Abbott, James P 

Arnold, Joshua 

Ballard, Henry C... 

Bryan, William H... 

Bryan, William 

Bryant, Richard R... 
Brant, Johnson W... 

Bym, Alvan T 

Brown, Harrison 

Barker, Alexander... 
Bryan, Ephraim M.. 
Grouse, Calvin 

Cravens, Henry H.. 
Christman, Benj. F.. 

Carter, Robert M 

Clark, Reily 

Carter, Parkson 

Clark, John W 

Corder, John J 

Covell, Thomas G... 

Craig, John W 

Daniel, Walter P 

Devore, David J 

Ernst, Joel C 

Foster, Henry R 

Hart, Henry C 

Hinman, Benj. S 

Heady, Thomas S... 

Hinds, Daniel T 

Hays. Thomas 

Hays, James 

Knoles, James M 

Knoles, James R 

Kittle, George 

Logan, William S... 

Littler, William H . . . 
Montgomery, Jas. T. 

Miller, James 

Marvin, Patrick H... 
Morgan, Hooper C 

Marshall, Squire 

McKinney, Robert P. 

Manning, Elisha 

Maholland, Adam... 



Clay City... 
Clay City... 



Clay City. 



Clay City.... 
Clay City.... 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 

Oct. 4, 61 

Nov.20,61 

Oct. 4, 61 

Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



Lincoln... 
Clay City. 



Pulaski... 
Clay City. 



Freeport . 
Clay City! 



Olney 

Lincoln.. . 
Clay City. 



Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



Nov;20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



Nov.20,61 



Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20.61 
Oct. 4, 61 

Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



McKenny 

Olney, 111 

Newton, 111 

Olney, "iilV. '.'.".".'. 

Ingraham, 111 

Ingraham, 111 

Olney, ni!!!!!;!! 

Wichita, Kans... 
Ingraham, 111 — 

Wakefield,"lil.'.!!! 

Westerville, Neb 
Rockford,"ill'.;;;! 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Private, Trans, to V. R. C. 

Mar.26,1864 

Died at Lagranre, Tenn... 

June 30, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 28, 62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisfed as Veteran 



Disch. May 28, 62; disabil. . . 



Disch. April 7, 62; disabil... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Priendsville, 111 

Oct. 22, 186/ 

Died at Evansville, Ind., 

Apr. 23, 1862; wounds 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Feb. 14, 63; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 20, 62; disabil" 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864. . 
Discharged June 2, 1863 as 

Sergeant; wounds 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864. 
Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864. . 
Disch. May 3, 62; disabil.. . . 
Died at Natchez, Sep. 6, 63. 
Died C'p Butler, Aug. 5, 62. 
Died at Hamburg, Tenn., 

June 12, 62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, C'p Butler, Dec. 8, 61 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Jasper co., 111., 

July 22, 1863 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 15. 62;disabil. . . 
Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864.. 
Mustered out Dec. 15, 1862.. 
Died, C'p Butler, Apr. 28, 64 

Died May 15, 1862 

Died, C'p Butler, Dec. 15, 61 
Died at Evansvilie, Ind., 

April 24, 1862 ; wounds 

Re-entisted as Veteran 

Disch. May 3, 62; disabil. . . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Corp'l, Died at Bolivar, 

Sep. 27, 1862 

Died at Corinth. May 20, 62. 
Died at Corinth, June 3, 62.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 15, 62; disabil.. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



125 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Miller, Crawford C. 
Oaster, Benjamin... 

Otto, Simon 

Pruet, Walter 

Reeves, David 

Rude, James 

Redman, Georgre W 
Rolfe, Thomas E... 

Self, Josephus 

Stewart, William... 
Strawn. William P.. 

Slack, William 

Shaw, John 

Stull, Erhart 

Taylor, Stephen 

Utterback, Menville T 



Wood, James G 

West, Willis 

Wakefield, John 

Wakefield, Wm. L.... 

White, Reuben M 

Weaver, John G 

Weaver, George W . . . 



Clay City. 

Freeport . 
Clay City. 



Veterans. 

Arnold, Joshua 

Barker, Alexander R 



Byrne, Alvin T 

Brant, Johnson W. . . 

Boyd, Charles 

Bryan. William 

Crosson, William W. 



Clay City... 



Lincoln . . . 
Clay City. 



Carter, John L 

Covell, Thomas G Lincoln. 

Cravens. Henry H... Clay City. 
Daniel, Walter P.. . 

Ernst, Joel C 

Hart, Henry C Pulaski 

Heady, Thomas S.. ..IClay City 

Lollar, Francis M 

Littler, William H.... 

Marvin, Patrick H 

Manning:, Elisha '' 

Miller, James 

Phillips, David C jDunders 



Redmon, George W^. . 

Reeves, David 

Rude, James 

Strawn, William F.... 
Self, Josephus 



Stewart, William R... 
Stull, Erhart 



Stanley, John C 

Sheler, Frederick 

Wakefield, Milton 

Wakefield, Wm. L.... 

Weaver, John G 

Weaver, Geoige W. . . 
White, Reuben M 



Clay City.. 



Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 

Nov.20,61 

Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20.61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20.61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Nov.20,61 



Dec.22,63 



Jan. 1, 62 
Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.22,63 



Dec.27,63 
Dec.22,63 



Dec.19,63 
Feb.27.64 



Dec.22,63 



Feb. 1, 64 
Jan. 5, 64 



Dec,19,63 
Dec.22,63 



Jan.l, 64 
Dec.22,63 



Vevay, Ind. 



Ingraham, 111. 
Rantoul, 111... 



Princeton, Texas. 



Ingraham, 111... 
Wicheta, Kans. 



Wakefield, 111.... 

Olney. Ill 

Woodland, Wis.. 
Westerville, Neb. 
Rockford, 111 



Newton, 111. 
Newton, 111. 



Died, C'p Butler, Nov. 16,61 
Tr. to Inv. Corps, Nov. 10,63 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Disch. May 9, 62; disabil.... 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Died, Jan. 13, 1862 

Prom. 2d Lt. from Serg t... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, C'p Butler, Dec. 14, 61 
Died at Terre Haute, Ind., 

July 16, 1862 

Disch. Nov. 23, 62; disabil.. 
Disch. Dec. 24, 63; disabil. . . 
Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
1st Serg't, Disch. Sept. 29, 

1864; disability 

Pro. 1st Lt. from 1st Serg't. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 
1st Serg't. Absent, sick, at 

M.O. of Regiment 

Prom. 2d Lt. from Serg't... 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 

Corp'l, Abs't, sick, at Cairo 
Mustered out Jan. 20 1866.. 



Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Sergt 
Mustered out Jan. 20 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20 66. as Corp'l. 
Abs't, without leave, since 

Dec. 25, 1865. Served in 

Co. K,32d 111 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Died, Vicksburg. July 21, 64 
Disch. May 30, 65: disabil.. . 
Died at Jasper co., 111., 

Dec. 13, 1864 

Mustered out Jan, 20, 1866.. 
Died at Logan co.. 111., 

Jan. 15, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Regt 

Kil'd, lightning. Mar. 15, 65, 
on Dauphin's Island, Ala. 



126 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Recruits. 

Abbott, James P 

Acres, William W 

Bamett James N 

Boyd, Charles 

Behymer, Thomas... 
Babbett, Francis C... 

Bixler, Hiram 

Buttroff, John 



Smallwood. 
Clay City..'.' 



Noble . 
Olney. 



Brooks, Jonathan. 

Crouse, Eli 

Craig, Joshua B 

Carter, Thomas... 

Curry, Samuel 

Cresman, Silas 



Chapman, James H. 



Curtis, Emsley... 
Dejaynes, Lewis.. 
Ezzell, William J. 
Elliott, William... 



Ingraham . 
Clay City.. 
S. Muddy.. 

Denver 

Barry 

Ingraham . 



Clay City. 



Grandville.. 
White Rock 



Foreman, Hugh L.. 
Gard, George W.... 



Gard, William F. 



Noble . . . 
Jackson. 



Gard, Mitchell 

Gard, Jarrett 

Gettich. Aaron 

Gross, Josiah 

Hanna, Aaron 

Hart, John W 

Hitchcock, Frederick 

Hanzler, Conrad 

Harris, Levi 

Hellman, Martin 

Ingraham, William J. 
Ingraham, Dorman... 
Jackson, James S 

Jones, Thomas R 



Smallwood. 



Melrose 

Grandville... 

Oneco 

Lancaster. .. 
Clay City.... 
Prindsville . . 
Silver Creek. 
Clay City.... 

Noble 

Freeport 

Clay City.... 
Ingraham ... 
Clay City.... 



Wade. 



Kimberlin, William O 

Lyons, James W 

Leor, John W 

Lacy, Canor 

Little, Ira G 

McCan, Samuel M 

McGuire, Samuel 

Mallory, James C 

Marshall, James R... 
McMillan, James 



Messenger, Theodore 
McCallum, Stephen. 
Murphy, James 



McClure, Franklin... 

Moore, Samuel B 

Oaster, John 

Rominger, Franklin G 
Rominger, Oliver H . . 



Decker 

Noble 

Clay CO 

Olney 

Freeport 

Claremont .. 
Clay City.... 

Freeport 

Clay City.... 
Willow Hill. 

Lancaster... 

Vandolis 

Clay City.... 



Noble.. 
Olney... 
Pexley.. 
Olney. . . 
Preston. 



Jan.l4, 64 
Dec.29,63 
Jan. J, 62 

Jan, 4, 64 
Dec. 18,63 

Dec.29.63 
Mar.22,64 

Feb.22, 64 
July 15, 62 
Dec.29,63 
Mar.22,64 
Feb.l2, 64 
Feb. 25 64 

Nov. 1, 63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Feb.22, 65 
Aug.14,62 
Feb. 6, 65 

Jan. 4,64 
Mar. 1,65 

Dec.29,63 

Jan. 4, 64 
Aug.l3 64 
Feb. 6, 65 
Feb. 2, 65 
July 15, 62 
Feb.l3, 64 
Jan._24,65 

Jan.l4, 64 
Sep.l3, 62 
July 15,62 
Sep.29, 63 
Nov. 1,63 

Jan. 4, 64 

Jan. 5, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Dec.24,63 

Sep. 8, 62 
Feb.29, 64 
July 15, 62 
Nov. 7,61 
Jan. 1, 62 
Dec. 25. 63 

Feb. 2, 65 
Dec.30, 63 
Jan.l4, 64 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 2, 63 
Jan. 4, 64 
Feb.27,63 
Feb.26.64 



Rantoul, 111 

Millshoals, 111.... 

Bogota, "ill! !"'.'.'. 

Ingraham, 111 

Ingraham, 111 

Tower'Hi'l'l,"ll'l!!! 
isieedl'es',' 'Ca'l'. '.'.'.'. 
Parkersburg, la. 

Little "ston'e'y,"Cai 
Newton, 111 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Died, Vicksburg, Aug. 8, 63. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Vet. rec't. M. O.Jan. 20,66. 
Died at Duvall's Blufif, 

Nov.9,1864 

Died, C'p Butler, Feb. 17, 64 
Died at Duvall's Bluff, Ark., 

Nov. 24, 1864 

Mustered out June 15, 1865. 
M. O. June 19, 65 as Serg't. . 
Vet. rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 66... 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Died at Morganzia, La., 
Aug. 26, 64 

Died at Shreveport, La., 
June 14, 1865 

Mustered out May 18, 1865. . 

Mustered out Jan. 20j_1866.. 

Died at Shreveport, La., 
June 25. 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Died at Salubrity Springs, 
La., Sept. 2, 1865 

Died at Shreveport, La., 
Nov. 1, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Died, Memphis, Feb. 16, 65. 
Vet. rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866. 
Mustered out Jan. 20,_ 1866. . . 

Died, C'p Butler, Apr. 15, 64. 
Tr. to V. R. C, Sep. 19, 1863. 
Died, Clay co. 111., Feb. 3, 64 
Tr. to V. R. C. Mar. 26, 1864 
Died at White River, Ark., 

Oct 10, 1864 

Died at Black River, Miss., 

April 28, 1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Died, C'p Butler, Feb. 28,64. 
Died, Vicksburg. Mar. 20^64 
Disch. Feb. 15, 63; disabil... 
Mustered out Aug. 5, 1865... 
M. O. June 19, 65, as Corp'l 
Died, St. Louis, Aug. 10, 62. 
Died, Pea Ridge, May 17, 62 
Absent without leave since 

Dec. 31. 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Died, Vicksburg, Aug. 27,64 
Died, Jasper co., 111., Feb. 

22,1864 

Mustered out Aug. 31, 1865.. 

Died Clay co. , 111., Dec. 30, 64 

[Mustered out June 2, 65 

iMustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



127 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Reed, Daniel Pexley 



Reed, Nathaniel 

Read, Franklin 

Runyon, Bascom W.. 
Rodeflfer, William H.. 
Rogers , William B — 

Stanley, John C 

Sheler, Frederick 

Shore, Andrew J 

Stewart, John 

Standiford, John H... 
Standiford, George W 

Shore, Francis M 

Slaughter, Joseph H.. 

StoU, Frederick 

Stewart, John W 



Preston... 
St. Marie. 



Pexley 

Noble.... 
S. Muddy. 



Pexley 

Noble ... 
Freeport 
Preston.. 



Smith, Barney 

Sanford, William H.. 
Stewart, George H... 

Truitt. Alfred L 

Taylor, James A 

Toliver, Francis M... 



Utterback, John S.... 

Wood, William A 

Witzman, Zimri C — 

Weaver, Is aac 

Wells, John 

Wells, Joseph P 

Wheeler, Michael J... 

Wright, Reuben 

Wright. James B 



Ingraham.. 

Mt. Carmel. 

Preston 

Noble 



Clay City... 
Pexley 



Recruits Transferred 
from 11th III. Inf. 

Anderson, James 

Beddo, Samuel T.... 
Blanchard, James... 

Burns, Lannis 

Blair, Ransom 

Cradler, Joseph 



Caughlan, Thomas. 

Gleason, James 

Gleason, James E.. 
Hays, William 



Hays, Samuel F.. 
Horseman, Frederick 

Haver, John 

Hanefin, William. .. 
Houston, George W 

Kelley, John 

Lansing, James 

McGee, Daniel D... 

Menzie, Robert 

Nash, Rowell 

Nichols, Ira 

Petty, Stephen 

Rump, August 



Reid, John 

Wood, Thomas. 



Clay City... 
ig Grove.. 

Pexley 

Smallwood. 

Preston 

Noble 



Brookfield.. 
Rockford... 
Brookfield.. 
Rockford... 



Silver Creek 



LaSalle.. 

Hall 

Peru 

Freeport. 



Dakota. 



Chicago. . 
Manlius... 
Westfield. 
Ogle CO... 
Mission . . 

Eagle 

LaPrairie. 

Hall 

Chicago.. 

Loran 

Lacon 



LaSalle.... 
Frankfort . 



Feb.24,64 

Feb.15, 64 

ar. 1, 64 

Jan.^1, 62 

Jan. 4, 64 
Feb.25, 64 
Dec.21,63 

Jan. 7, 64 
Jan. 5, 64 
Feb.27, 64 
Feb.lO, 64 

Feb.22, 64 

Feb.24,64 
Feb.12,64 
Jan.l4, 64 

Jan. 4, 64 

Dec.21,63 
Nov. 1,63 
JulylS, 62 
Mar. 1,65 
Dec. 22,63 
Jan. 4, 64 
Feb.lO, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Jan. 5, 64 



Feb. 28, 65 
July 16,63 
Feb.28, 65 
Dec.12,63 
Oct. 4, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 

Oct. 2,64 
Oct. 6, 64 
Dec. 5, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 

Jan. 2 
Jan.l2, 63 
Mar.20,65 
Oct. 8, 64 
Oct. 10, 64 
Oct. 7, 64 
Oct. 20, 64 
Oct. 7, 64 
Oct.l7, 64 
Oct. 10, 64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Oct. 6, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 

Oct. 2, 64 
Feb. 3, 65 



Sailor Springs, 111. 



Inman, Neb.. 
Alberta, Ark'. 



Arapahose, Neb. 



Dundas, 111. 



Hennepin, 111. 



Morse, Kans... 
Renselear, Ind. 



Abs'nt without leave since 

Dec. 31, 1865 

Mustered out J an. 20, 1866. . . 
Died C'p Butler, Jan. 14, 64. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Died, Memphis, May 30. 65. 
Died, Vicksburg, July 24, 64 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

O, Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Died at Vicksburg, July 31, 
1864; wounds 

Died at Duvall's Bluff, 

Ark., Dec. 13, 1864 

. O. Jan. 2, 1866 

Mustered out May 28, 1865.. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, _1866. . 

Died at Hebron, Miss., Apr 

1,1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M.O. Jan. 20,66, as Corp'l.. 
Mustered out June 19, 1865. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Prom. Q. 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Abs't, sick, atM. O. of Reg 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . . 
Abs't, sick, at M. O. of Reg 

Sub. M. O.Oct. 3. 1865 

Vet. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866, as 

Corporal 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 1, 1865 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 5, 1865 

Mustered out Dec. 4, 1865... 
Vet. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866, as 

Sergeant 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 7, 1865 

Sub. M . O. Oct. 9, 1865 

Sub. M. O.Oct. 6, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 1, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 6, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 16, 1865 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 9, 1865 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 4, 1865 

Sub. M. O.Oct. 5,1865 

Vet. M. O.Jan. 50, 1866, as 

Corporal 

Drafted. M. O. Oct. 1, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



128 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 




LaSalle 

Worth 

Amboy 


Junel0,64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 

Nov.16,63 




Abs't.sick, at M. O. of Regt. 






Sub. M. O. Oct. 4, 1865 


Wilson David B 




Mustered out May 13. 1865. . 


Under Cooks of A. D. 




Mustered out July 10,1865... 


Smith. Alexander 









COMPANY G. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 

'^eohst- Present Address, 
ment 



Captains. 

William Young 

Robert Smith 

Samuel Buchanan 

Daniel D. DifEenbaugh 

Ftrsi Lieutenants. 

Thomas M. Hood 

Moses R. Thompson. 

Robert Smith 

Thomas Allen 

Michael J. Cooper — 
Samuel Buchanan — 
Daniel D. Diffenbaugh 
Thomas C. Laird 

Second Lieutenants. 
Moses R Thompson. . 

Robert Smith 

Thomas Allen 

MichaelJ. Cooper 

Samuel Buchanan 

Daniel D. Diffenbaugh 

Thomas C. Laird 

Thomas E. Joiner 

I^irst Sergeant. 
Robert Smith 

Sergeants 

William Swanzey 

Joseph M. McKibben. 
Joseph Stam 

James B. Smith 

Corporals. 
Samuel E. Herschey. 

Joseph S. Brown 

Thomas Snyder 

John W. Rowrey 

Musician, 
James Cole. 

Privates. 

Albright, Jacob 

Allison, David 

Auman. John 

Allen, Thomas 



Freeport 

Lena 

Free^port 

Freeport 

Lena 

Dakotah 
Freeport 

Freeport 

Lena 

Dakotah 
Freeport 



Freeport . 
Freeport , 



Freeport , 



Freeport 



Oct.15. 61 
Apr.l2, 63 
Dec. 28,64 
Sep. 5, 65 



Oct. 15,61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Oct. 6, 62 
Apr. 12, 63 
Aug.11,63 
June24,64 
Dec.28,64 
Sep. 5, 65 



Oct.15, 61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Oct. 6, 62 
Apr.12,63 
Aug.11,63 
June24,64 
Mar.20,65 
Sep. 5, 65 



Oct. 8. 61 



Oct. 8, 61 
Oct. 8,61 



(Dead) 

Monmouth, 111... . 

(bead) ".".;.■;;;. '.■.■.' 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Blooomfield, la.. 

Monmouth, 111... 
Lawrence, Neb.. 

PhiladeiphiaVPa! 
Bloomfield, la... 

Monmouth, 111... 
Lawrence, Neb., 
Humboldt, la 

Marshalltown, Iowa 

Greene, la , 

McConnell, 111.... 

Kensett, la , 

Philadeiphi'a',' Pa! 



Resigned April 12, 1863 

Mustered out Dec. 28, 1864. 

Resigned July 21, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Killed in battle of Shiloh.. 
Killed in battle of Hatchie. 

Promoted 

Resigned Aug. 11, 1863 

Resigned June 24, 1864 

Promoted 

Mustered out Jan.' 20,'i866! 
Promoted 

Mustered' out Jan.' 20, '1866! 
Promoted 2nd Lieutenant. 



Promoted Sergeant. Major. 

Transferred to Co. K 

Died in Stephenson Co., 111., 

June 16, 1862 

Disch. Aug. 22, 62, as priv; 

disabil 

Tr. to Inv. Corps, Nov. 10, 63 
Died Apr. 28, 62; wounds.. . . 
Disch. Dec. 11, 62 as priv; 

disabil 

Disch. June 2, 62; disabil.. 



Disch. Aug. 18, 62; disabil. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



129 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Bnibacker, Reuben. . . 

Beeler, George D 

Bickenback, Henry, 

alias Rubold 

Brown, William 

Benton, Georgre 

Bradshaw, Benj. H... 

Buchanan, Samuel... 

Baker, Elias 

Bates, Bremen L 

Cooper, Michael J ... 

Craig, Edward W 

Cable, Seth 

Cable, David 

Clubine, Daniel 

Drake, Edward T 

Diffenbaugh, Daniel D 
Daug-henbaugrh, S. A. 

Dunn, Thomas 

Fiscus, David W 

Fehr, Aaron 

Gage, Isaac 

Groken, Samuel H. . . . 
Hathaway 

Hulet, Henry 

Hickle, Elias 

Helm, William 

Hood, Joseph R 

Hood, Thomas J 

Kittner, George 

Klontz, George 

Kancke, Rudolph 

Joiner, Thomas E 

Lee, Ion 

Lee, Isaac S 

Lame, John 

Linsley, Newton 

Long, Casper 

LeBell, Peter 

Laird, Thomas C 

Moothart, Pheon 

Moothart, John F 

Maltar, Jonathan 

Meinert, Conrad 

McMurray, Jonathan. 

McMurray, Chambers 

Presing George 

Petric, Paul 

Redinger Francis 

Richards, William D. 

Richards, Uriah 

Reiter, William 

Rutter, Jacob 

Richmond, Louis 

Steele, James W 

Shively, John 

Smith, William 

Smith, Augustus L 



Freeport . . 



Oct. 8, 61 



Dakota, la. 
Freeport . . . 



Hollysprings, la 

SciotaMiiis,"llL.';!! 

Bloomfield, la 

E. Salem, wis!!.'!!! 
Steamboat Rock, la 
Jessup, la 

Monmouth, 111 

Lena, 111 

Faulkner, Iowa 

Dakota. Ill 

Winslow, 111 

Fremont, Neb 

Cresson, Kans 

Freeport, 111 

Humboldt, la 

Webster City, la.... 

Washington, la 

Rock city! iii! !!!!!! 

Burton, Kans 

Freeport, 111 

Morrison, 111 

Bristow, Kans 

Dakota, 111 

BiuffVon!ia.!!!!!!!!! 
wiiisiowViii!!! !!!!!! 

Miller, S. D 



Corp'l, Died at Freeport, 

May 9, 1892; wounds 

Killed in battle of Shiloh. .. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Dropped from the rolls, 

June 30. 1863 

Disch. Dec. 11, 62; disabil.. 
Disch. Sep. 12, 62, to acc'pt 

prom, as Assis'nt Surg.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at LaGrange, Tenn., 
July 12, 1862 

Prom. Serg't and 2d Lieut.. 

Disch. June 21, 62; disabil.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Oct. 19, 1864.. 

Dropped from the rolls, 
June 30, 63 

Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 24, 62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died about Apr. 6, 1862 

Disch. Jan. 4, 64. Re-enlisted 

in 2d 111. Artillery 

Died at Hamburg, Tenn., 

May 30,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, Vicksburg, June 26, 63 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Mar. 20, 1864.. 
Died Apr. 12,1862; wounds. 
Re-enl-sted as Veteran 



Died, Vicksburg, June 27, 63 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. July 9, 62; disabil. . . . 
Died, Louisville, June 2,62. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. May 9, 62; disabil.... 
Died at Stephenson, 111., 

Feb. 9, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864. 
Disch. May 20, 63, as Corp'l; 

wounds 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Oct. 13, 1864.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864. 

Disch. to date June, 1, 62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Prom. Hospital Steward... 
Died April 23, 62; wounds. . . 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 11.62, disabil... 



130 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Sindlinger, Wm. M... 

Schwab, Thomas 

Smith, Martin 

Sheffer, Jacob 

Vore, John 

Ward, Sidney A 

Williams, Peter 

WUson, Francis T.... 

Wyre, John 

Wilson, John 

Wentz, Phillip 

Young, Robert C 

Young:, Francis M 

Veterans. 

Albright, Jacob 

Allison, David 

Auman, John 

Buchanan, Samuel... 

Baker, Elias D 

Cable, Seth 

Diffenbaugfh, Dan'l D. 

Dunn, Thomas 

Daughenbaugfh, S. A.. 

Fehr, Aaron 

Gage, Isaac 

Hickle. Elias 

Hood, Joseph R 

Joiner, Thomas E 

Klontz, George 

Kencke, Rudolph 

Lee, Ion 

Lee, Isaac S 

Linsley, Newton 

Laird, Thomas C 

Loehle, Ferdinand 

Malter, Jonathan 

McMurray, Chambers 

Presing, George 

Peitric, Paul 

Richmond, Lewis B.. 

Richards, Uriah 

Rubold, Henry 

Redinger, Francis 

Smith. William 

Smith, Martin 

Shirk, Daniel F 

Spooner, Charles 

Vore, John 

Wooten, James E 

Ward, Sidney A 

Williams, Peter 

Wilson, Francis T 

Wilson, John 

Wentz, Phillip 

Young, Robert C 

Young, Robert C 

Recrjiiis. 

Albright, William 

Aikey, Abraham 

Angle, Luther 



Freeport , 



Lancaster 
Freeport 



Lancaster 
Freeport 



Buckeye 
Freeport 

Ridott... 
Freeport 



Waddams. 

Harlem 

Buckeye. ■■ 



Oct. 8. 61 



Waterloo, la. 



Cedarville, 111. 



Gilbert Sta., lows 
Shelbyville, 111... 



Freeport, III, 
Clinton, la.. 



Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.23,63 
Jan. 5, 64 
Dec.23,63 
Dec.24,63 
Dec._24,63 

Dec 22,63 
Dec.23,63 



Dec.24,63 
Dec.22,63 
Dec.24,63 
Dec.23,63 
Dec.24,63 
Dec.22,63 



Dec.24,63 
Jan. 1, 64 
Dec.23,63 
Dec.22.63 

Jan. 5, 64 



Dec ,23, 63 
Dec.22,63 



Feb. 6, 64 
Dec.24,63 



Feb. 6, 64 
Dec.22,63 



Dec.23,63 
Dec._24,63 
Jan. 5 ,64 



Jan.28, 64 
Jan.28, 65 
Jan.31, 65 



Sciota Mills, 111. 
E. Salem, Wis.. 
Monmouth, 111.. 



Lena, 111 

Dakota, III... 
Winslow, 111 



Fremont, Neb... 

Humboldt, la 

Cresson, Kans... 

Freeport, 111 

Webster City, la. 



Lawrence, Neb... 
Council Bluffs, la. 



Freeport, 111 

BlufEton, la.... 
Bristow, Kans. 
Holly, la 



Winslow. 111. 



Lena, 111 

Wills, Neb.... 
CedarviUe, 111. 



Gilbert Station, la.. 



Freeport, 111. 
Clinton, la... 
Clinton, la.. 



Disch. July 9, 62; disabil.... 
Disch. Nov, 25, 62; disabil. . 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Jackson, Miss., 

July 17,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Disch. Apr. 26, 63; disabil. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Nov. 12, 1864. 
Mustered out Oct. 19, 1864.. 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Disch. Mar. 12, 65, for prom 
Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Serg't 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66. as Serg't.. 
Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Sg't. . 
Discharged Oct. 30, 1865.... 

Mustered out 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Serg't 
M. O. July 15, 65: pris. war.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as 1st Sgt. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l,. 
Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st Sg't. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Abs't. sick, atM. O. of Reg 
M. O. July 15, 65, as Corp'l 

prisoner of war 

Killed near Jackson, Miss., 

July 7,1864 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866. . 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Disch. Mar. 8, 65; wounds.. 

Corp'l M. O. Oct. 29,65 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Died, Vicksburg, Mar 21. 64 
Mustered out June 4, 1864. .. 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 

M. O. Nov.20,66 

Corporal. Died July 8. 

1864; wounds 

Died at Dauphin's Island. 

March 3, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Leaf River, 111. 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



131 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 

rank cr 

eniibi- 

ment 



Present Address. 



Aikev, Robert 

Butler, Elijah M 

Bush, William 

Baker, John W 

Baker, Joseph 

Brubacker,William H 
Beedy, Eldridge, K... 

Benton, George 

Barfoot, Frank B 

Bordner, Henry 

Bren, Ferdinand 

Bellman, John 

Beyer, Owen 

Baker, Edward H.... 

Baker, Solomon S 

Clark, Ezekiel S 

Cable, Elmas 

Cable, William 

Cole, John 

Chambers, James S.. 
Campbell, Richard... 
Cupples, Calvin J 



Curtis, Henry H 

Chiistman, Frank 

Cowell, Daniel 

Daws, Thomas 

Driesbach, Daniel 

Daws, Alfred 

Fiscus, David W 

Frisbie, Charles G... 
Prisbie, William 1)... 

Foster, Harry 

Groff, John 

Garman, Henry C 

Garman, William A.. 

Gardner, John 

Goodrich, Jerome 

Haughey, James H.. 
Hathaway, Robert... 

Haines, John H 

Haughey, Samuel J.. 
Haines, William 



Hay, Jonathan. 



Hall, Thomas, W.... 

Howard, William 

Johnston, William H. 

Jahn, Francisco B 

Klontz, Peter 

Krumme, Henry 

Law, Rolandus 

Lowe, Thomas A 

Lapp, Joseph 

Lahay, James 

Loehle, Ferdinand 

McMurray, George... 

Mayer, Isaac 

McLeese, Robert 

McClintic, John 

McLaughlin, Thomas 

Paul, William 

Pease, Zadock 

Rutter, Benjamin 

Riddle, Samuel 



Buckeye 

Roanoke 

Freeport 

Silver Creek. 

Rock Run... 

Winslow 

Buckeye 

Silver Creek. 

Dakota 

Rock Run... 
Rock Grove. 

Dakota 

Freeport 

Buckeye 

Lena 



Rock Run. . 
Freeport . . . 



Augusta ., 
Freeport . 



Winslow 

Whiteside co 

Freeport 

Lena 

Freeport 

Silver Creek. 

Freeport 

Lancaster. .. 
Harland 

Freeport — 
Rock Grove. 
Freeport 



Buckeye., 
Freeport , 



Lena 



Dakota 

Freeport 

Hadley 

Bloomingt'n 
Freeport 



Buckeye. . . 

Lena 

Lancaster. 
Freeport . 



Florence 

Silver Creek. 



Lancaster 
Litchfield . 



Feb. 1.62 
Jan. 9, 65 
Nov.15,61 
Jan. 24, 65 
Jan. 25, 65 
Feb.26, 64 
Feb.27,64 
Feb.29,64 
Jan. 24,65 
J an. 28, 65 
Jan.27, 65 
Jan. 2, 65 
Feb.23,65 
Aug.30,62 
Feb.26. 64 
Dec. 7. 63 
Feb.22, 64 
Feb. 26,64 
Jan.28, 64 
Jan.27, 64 
Feb. 2, 65 
Feb.27,65 

Nov.15,61 
Oct.ll, 64 
Mar. 9,65 

Sep. 4, 62 
Dec. 9, 63 
Feb,29, 64 
Jan.24, 65 

Oct. 8, 61 
Feb. 1, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Feb.10,64 
Dec. 9, 63 
Jan.24, 65 
Feb. 24, 64 
Feb.27,64 
Dec. 7, 63 
Feb. 22,64 
Sep.20, 62 

Feb.29, 64 

Oct.ll, 64 
Dec. 7,61 
Jan. 25,64 
Nov.2562 
Feb.19,64 
Sep.10,61 
Feb. 6, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 
Feb. 1, 65 
Dec. 15,61 
Jan. 1. 62 
Feb. 1,64 
Jan.24, 65 
Jan.21, 65 
Aug. 14,62 
Dec.15,61 
Feb.l, 65 
Mar.18,65 
Feb. 6, 64 
Feb.29,64 



Freeport, 111.... 

Rock City 

Holdrege, Neb. 



Atlanta, Ga., 
Jessup, la... 



Stanton, la 

White Rock. Kans.. 

Topeka, Kans 

Marble Rock, la 

Spooner, Wis 

Canbey, Minn 

McConnell, 111 

Los Angeles, Cal... 



Beargrove, la. 
Faulkner, la.. 



Auxvasse, Mo. 
Rocheile.'ill'.!.'; 



Creston. la 

Council Bluffs, la. 



Bloomington, 111. 
Hardy, Neb 



Council Bluffs, la.. 

Burton, Kans 

Freeport, 111 



Killed at battle of Shiloh. 
Mustered out Jan. 8, 1866. 
Disch. Feb. 9, 63; disabil.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



M. O. June 19, 65, as Corp'l. 

Mustered out May 23, 65. . . . 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Abs't sick, M. O. June 19, 65 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Died at Salubrity Springs 

La., Nov. 11, 1865 

Disch. Nov. 1], 62; disabil., 
Mustered out May 2, 1865.., 
Mustered out June 9, 1865. . , 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Died, Memphis, Mar. 12, 63 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out Dec. .31, 66. . 

Mustered out 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l 
Mustered out July 1, 1865. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Died in Stephenson co.. 111. 

Feb. 15, 1865 

Discharged Mar. 30, 65, for 

promotion in U. S. A 

Mustered out Oct. 10, 1865. 

Transferred to Co. K 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Mustered out Jan. 22,65 ... 
Disch, May 5, 65; disabil... 
Mustered out Sep. 13, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Transferred to Co. K. . . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 18 



Disch. Mar. 17, 63; disabil.. 

Transferred to Co. K 

Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866., 



Cedarville, 111... 
Emporia, Kans. 



132 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Riddle, William 

Raymer, John A 

Raymer, William H. 
Reirmeyer, Henry . . . 

Reatt, Edward 

Rissell, Elias 

Sausman, John L 

Spring-man, Adam . . . 
Sherman, Leonard.. 
Sindlinger, Wm. M.. 
Singlinger, Samuel.. 

Seeley, Orin 

Scott, Lorenzo D 

Shinkle, John T 

Stamm, William D.. 
Shippy, Joseph 

Shearer, John 

Shirk, Daniel F 

Stamm, Amos A 

Spooner, Charles 

Smith, Edward O. W 
Thomas, William H. 

Tool, Eugene T 

Tool, Albert S 

Tombleson, Silas W. 

Walters, Samuel 

Wells, Henry 

Williams, William. . . 

Wolf anger, Aaron 

Wootan, James E 

Weaver, William 

Wike, Peter 

Young, David D , 

Young, Robert C 



Litchfield.... 
Rock Run... 

Freeport 

Buckeye 

West Point.. 

Freeport 

Silver Creek 

Buckeye 

Freeport 

Florence 

Montezuma. 
Waddams... 

Lena 

Waddams... 



Kent. 



i< reeport 
Winslow . 
Freeport . 

Kent 

Dakota... 



West Point.. 
Silver Creek 
Litchfield.... 
Waddams.. . 

Silver Creek 
Freeport .... 



Waddams. 
Freeport . . 



Mar.18.65 
Jan. 27,65 
Feb.27,65 
Nov.15,61 
Sep.l3, 62 
Feb. 10, 64 
Dec.12,63 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mar. 4. 65 
Jan. 27, 65 
Jan. 28, 65 
Jan. 26,65 
Feb. 7, 65 
Jan. 28, 64 

Dec. 1, 63 
Jan. 28, 64 

Feb.29, 64 

Feb. 5, 62 
Oct. 4, 64 
Nov. 1,61 
Feb.29, 64 
Feb.23, 65 
Oct.11,64 

Oct. 4, 64 
Jan. 24, 65 
Mar. 18,65 
Jan. 28,64 

Jan. 24, 65 
Feb. 1, 62 
Nov.15,61 



Milford, Neb.... 

Beatrice, Neb... 

Waterloo, la 

Brandon, la 

Lena, 111 

Waddams 111 

Wills, Neb 

LosAngeles, Cal 

Ackley, la 

Ackley, la 

Lena, 111 

Clinton, la 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Died July 10, 1864; wounds. 
Mustered out Aug. 9, 1865.. 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Died at Morganzia, La., 
Au8f.28,1864 

Died, Vicksburg, Sep. 24, 64 

Died in Stephenson co„ 
111., Nov, 28, 64 

Died in Stephenson cc, 
111., Sept. 26, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out July 1, 1865. . . 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 

Mustered out Oct. 10,_ 1865.. 

Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20,^1866.. 

Died at Duvall's BluflE, 

Ark., Dec. 14,1864 

Died, Shrevep't, July 19, 65 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Dec. 5, 1864. . . 
Tr. to Inv. Corps Nov. 10,63 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 66 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



COMPANY H. 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Captains. 




Dec. 1, 61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Dec. 1, 64 

Dec. 1, 61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Mar.20,65 

Dec. 1, 61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Aug.11,65 

Oct. 1, 61 






John A. Hug-hes 


Lane 




Mustered out Dec 1 1864 


Frederick W.Pike.... 


Lane 

Amboy 

Lane 






First Lieutenants. 
John A. Hughes 






Frederick W. Pike.... 






Thomas A. Pieronet.. 

Secojid Lieutenants. 
Frederick W. Pike.... 


Omaha, Neb 


Mustered out Jan, 20, 1866.. 


Edward A. Snyder 


Cedar Falls, la 

Humboldt, la 

Omaha, Neb 


Mustered out Dec 16* 1864 


William P. Hardy 

First Sergeant. 
Thomas A. Pieronet.. 


Lodi 


Mii<!tprp(i nnt Tan ?(! IRfifl 


Amboy 


Re-enlisted as Veteran 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



133 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Sergeants. 

John M. Murphy 

Charles C. Mason 

Ebenezer McCulloug-h 
DeVillia D. Segner... 



Corporals. 
Elijah H Blackman,. 
DeWitt C. Bennett.... 

Andrew J. Cooley 

William McDonald... 

Abraham Fuller 

Samuel D . Hemenway 
Wilham P. Hardy.... 
William H. Cook 



Dixon., 
Lane .. 



Lane . . 
Fulton. 
Dixon . 
Lane . . 
Lodi. . . 
Lane . . 



Musicians. 

Isaac Little , 

Edward H. Reynolds 



Wagoner. 
Nelson J. Horton. 



Dixon , 
Lane .. 



Privates. 

Antisdel, Moses 

Bond, John , 

Bullis, Abram F 

Bullock, Charles 

Blaker George W 

Cook, Lyman H 

Cook, Monroe , 

Chapman, David 

Corsaut, Samuel F... 
Carpenter, William J. 
Carpenter, Demmingf, 

Coyle, John 

Ceames, Frederick... 

Case, Franklin 

Clark, Jacob T 

Dorman, James 

Dailey, Patrick 

Dunn, James 

Dunphey, William 

Emerson, Jerome 

Foy, Peter 



Flag Center 

Oregon 

Lane 



Sterling . 
Lane 



Oregon. 
Dixon . . 



Dixon 
Lane ., 



Dixon . 
Ogle... 
Fulton. 



Fitzgerald, John... 

Fox, Ferdinand 

Green, Phelemon.. 

Gorman, John 

Horton, Burton M. 
Horton, Sylvester. 



Hill, Preston K,.. 
Hardy, Robert... 
Henrie, William. 
Jones, John J 



Dixon 

Oregon 

Flag Center 
Dixon 



Lane 



Keniston, Charles H. 
Kiersey, George W.. 

Larson, Andrew 

McCarrall, Henry... 

McGreth, John P 

McDowell, David 

Meighen, John 



Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Oct. 14, 61 
Nov. 6. 61 



Nov. 6, 61 
Dec. 1,61 
Nov.28,61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Oct.lO, 61 
Nov. 5, 61 



Oct. 14, 61 



Nov. 3, 61 
Dec. 1,61 
Nov. 1,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Dec. 1. 61 

Nov. 9, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 

Oct. 30, 61 
Nov.14,61 
Nov.19,61 
Oct. 14, 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Nov. 7, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 

Dec.^ 1, 61 

Nov.12,61 
Oct. 17,61 
Nov. 5, 61 
Nov.15,61 

Nov. 5, 61 
Dec.^ 1, 61 

Oct. 1, 61 

Nov. 6, 61 
Nov. 5,61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct.18, 61 
Nov. 7, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 



S. H., Danville, 111., 

Rochelle, 111 

Ames, la 

Kings, 111 

iiumboidt. la........ 

G Pac hotel, Chicago 
Rochelle, 111 

Webster City.'la!.!! 
Rochelle, 111 

Oregon, 111 

S.'H.'Quincy.'lVL!.' 

Bagley. la 

Dysart, Iowa 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Killed at Shiloh, Apr. 6, 62. 
Disch. Apr. 4, 62; disabil . . . 
Disch. Sept. 11, 62; disabil. 



Disch. Oct. 9, 62; wounds.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 21, 1862. 
Mustered out Nov. 6, 1863. 
Disch. July 17, 62; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Disch. Dec. 5, 64, as priv.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Re-enlisted as Veteran. 



Disch. Apr. 4, 62; disabil. . . . 

Mustered out April 7, 62 

Disch. Dec. 23, 62; disabil . 
Mustered out Jan. 4, 1862... 
Mustered out July 15, 1862. . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 5, 64, as Serg't. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Oct. 16, 62; disabil... 

Tr. to Inv. Corps Sept. 18, 63 

Died at Shiloh May 8, 1862. . 

Transferred to Co. C 

Tranf erred to Co. D 

Trans to 23d 111. Infantry.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died May 6, 62; wounds 

Disch. Sept. 20,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died Feb. 16, 1862; wounds. 

Died at Pittsburg Landing 
April 4, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Nov. 25, 62; disabil.. 

Drowned Oct. 8, 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch Feb. 4, 63; disabil.... 

Died at Henderson, Ky 

May 16, 1862 

Disch. Dec. 5, 64, as Corp.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 5, 1864 

Disch. Dec. 31, 61 for pro- 
motion as Lieut. Col 

Re-enhsted as Veteran 

Disch. Dec. 23, 62; wounds 
Re-enUs ted as Veteran 

Discharged Dec. 5, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 



134 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 

enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



McSweeney, William. Clinton, la.. Oct. 22, 61 



Miller, Henry G 

Merchant, Myron V.. 
Newberry, James B.. 

Perry, Georgre H 

Patterson, William N. 
Patterson, Alexander. 

Patterson, James 

Parker, Shepard P . . . . 
Quick, Joseph W. V... 

Roach, Michael 

Ready, Peter 

Smith, Zerah O 

Schonmaker, Andrew 
Snyder, John E... 



Sparry, Justis 

Smith, John 

Stone, Charles H 

Townsend, Luther 



Talley, William 

Tracy, Wm. or Jas... 

Tracy, Stanton C 

Ure, John 

Wertz, Upton C 

Welch, Theron 

Whalen, James 

Wood, Jacob 

Waer, George W 

Williams, Georgre W.. 



Veterans . 
Bennett, DeWitt C... 
Corsaut, Samuel F... 

Cook, Monroe 

Cook, Lyman H 

Dunphey, William 

Dornan, James 

Fitzgerald, John 

Gorman, John 



Horton, Nelson J 

Hemenway, Sam'l D, 

Hardy, Robert 

Hardy, William P 



Keniston, Charles H . . 
Kiersey, Georgre W... 

Little, Isaac 

Murphy, Joh n M 



Meighen, John 

McCarrall, Henry. 
McGreth, JohnP.. 



Newberry, James B.. 
Patterson, William N. 

Patterson, James 

Pieronet, Thomas A. . 
Reynolds, Edward H. 

Roach, Michael 

Stone, Corydon 



Amboy 

Fair Haven. 

Lane 

Dixon 

Lane 

Malugrin's Gr 

Lane 

Fulton... 
Dement . 
Fulton .., 



Plymouth . . . 

Lane 

Oregron 



DeKalb.. 
Batavia. 
Lane 



Dixon 

Temp. HiU. 

Dement 

Rockville .. 

Lane 

Fulton 

Lane 

Lodi 

Alia 



Oregon. 
Lane . . . 



Dixon . 
Fulton'. 



White Rock, 

Lane 

Lodi 



Ogle... 
Dixon. 



Lane . 
Ogle.. 



Amboy. 
Lane . . . 
Fulton.. 
Lane . . . 



Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.18,61 
Dec.__l, 61 

Oct.25, 61 
Nov. 5,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov. 4,61 
Nov.29,61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Nov.l, 61 

Dec. 1, 61 
Oct.20. 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Nov. 3, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.14,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 25, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct. 20,61 



Dec. 21,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec. 22,63 
Dec. 26.63 
Dec. 7, 63 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 

Dec. 25,63 
Uec. 7, 63 



Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 



Dec. 12,63 
Dec. 7, 63 



Sedwick, Kans. 



Rochelle, 111 



S. H., Rochelle, 111. 
Marshalltown, la... 



Dixon. 111.... 
Cherokee. la. 



Riverside, Cal. 



Mt. Carroll. 111. 



Died at Mansfield. La., 
Dec. 1. 1865 

Tr to V. R. C. Nov. 11. 63.. 

Disch. Apr. 4, 62; disabil.... 

I Re-enlisted as Veteran 

jDisch. Nov. 25, 62; disabil.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out, April 30, 1862 

i Re-enlisted as Veteran 

j Mustered out Aug. 1, 1862... 

JDiedMayl, 1862; wounds... 

, Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Discharged Dec. 5, 1864 

Disch. Apr. 4, 62: disabil.... 

Disch. June 16, 62; disabil.. 

Died at Quincy, 111, May 1, 
1862; wounds 

Mustered out Jan. 4. 1862... 

Disch. Apr. 4. 62; disabil. . . . 

Discharged July 20. 1862. . . . 

Died at Mt. Vernon, Ind. 
Aug. 17,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Oct. 16, 62; disabil... 

Disch. June 16, 62; disabil.. 

Mustered out Nov. 21, 1864. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out May 7, 1862.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 29, 63; disabil.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Rochelle, 111 

Webster City, la. 



S. H., Quincy. 111. 



G Pac.hotel. Chicago 
S. H., Danville, 111.. 



M. O. Jan. 20. 66, as 1st Sgt. 
Died, Dixon, III,, Jan. 7, 65 
Disch. at date of leaving 

service Dec. 19, 1865 

'Mustered out Jan. 20. 1869.. 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 
|Prom. Corp'l, Serg't, 1st 

Sergt and 2d Lieut 

Dysart, la ! Abs't, sick, at M.O. of Reg. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Disch. Nov. 2. 1864, for pro- 

m't'n in 58th U. S. Col. Inf. 
Corp'l. Died at Duvall's 

Bluff, Dec. 19, 1864 

Corp'l. Died at Dixon. 111., 

Feb. 16. 1864 

Tr. to V. R. C. Disch" Feb. 

20, 65, as Serg't; disabil... 
M. O. Jan. 20. 66, as Serg't. 

Discharged Nov. 16, 65r 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Se g't. 
Pro. 1st Lt, from 1st Serg't 
M. O. Jan. 20. 66. as Serg't. 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 



Rochelle, 111 

Omaha, Neb 

Rochelle, 111 

S. H., Rochelle, 111. 
Moline, 111 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



135 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Talley, William 

Whalen, James 

Wertz, Upton C 

Wood, Jacob 

Williams, George W. 



Recruits. 

Akins, Alva D 

Akins, Woodbury 

Atenham, Herman... 

Adams, Anderson 

Bennett, Edward 

Bailey, Emory D 

Bailey, Albert 

Buttz, Christian M... 

Collins, Dennis 

Cosgrove, Michael... 

Case, Elijah B 

Cohen, Aran 

Carmichael, John 

Commisky, Thomas. 
Chambers, George W 

Corbin, Orin A 

Dolan, James J 



Rockville .. 

Fulton 

Rockville . . 

Lane 

Ela 



Pine Rock... 

Marion 

Ogle 

Plagg 



Dixon 

Oregon 

Flagg 

Richland 

Lane 

Alto 

White Rock. 

Alto 

Dixon 



Dwyer, William 

Donmayer, Addison.. 

Dunn, Patrick 

Hardy, Charles B.... 
Hoechstoetter, Wm.. 

Horton, Myron D 

Horton, Benjamin 

Herrick, Oakley B . . . . 

Keleher, Cornelius 

Kelley, John W 

King, Andrew 

Kerr, Samuel C 

Kiernan, John 



Lodi... 
Ogle... 
Flagg.. 

Alto..'! 
Lane .. 
Lodi... 
Flagg. . 
Ridott. 
Ogle... 



Landy, James 

Loveridge, Jerome... 
Livingston, Huntly... 

Martin, Don V 

Meighan, Thomas 

Miller, Sanford 

Millard, Morey 

Meyer, Michael 

Murphy, Murthy 

Moore, Henry 

McBride, Thomas 



McAllister, Ezra 

Neer, Barton B 

Nugent, Patrick 

Oyers, Henry R 

Pettis, George 

Patterson, Reca G... 

Pottorf, John 

Powers, Martin 

Pells, Simon P 

Paige, Scott 

Ready, Peter 

Roach, Martin 

Reynolds, Walter S. 
Robertson, Chas. F. 



Lane , 



Flagg. . 

Ridott! 
Dixon . 
Flagg.. 
Dixon . 



Flagg 

Geneva 

Lane 

Fulton 

Lane 

White Rock. 

Fulton 

Rock Creek. 



Prophetstwn 

China 

Flagg 

Lodi 



Jan.S, 64 

Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.25,63 
Dec. 7. 63 



Feb.23, 64 
Feb.16,64 
Feb.27,65 
Feb.21, 65 
Feb.22,64 
Feb._21,65 

Jan. 12, 63 
Feb.] 2, 64 
Dec.17,63 
Feb.19,64 
Apr. 5, 65 
Nov. 1,64 
Feb.23, 64 
Feb.29, 64 
Peb.23, 64 
Jan.25, 62 



Feb. 6, 65 
Aug.14,64 
Feb. 5, 64 
Feb.22.64 
Feb.21, 65 



Feb.23, 
Feb. 9, 
Feb.26, 
Feb.21, 
Mar. 2, 
Feb.16, 

Feb. 1, 
Dec.l5, 
Dec.22, 
Feb._8, 

Feb. 21, 65 

Mar. 2,65 
Dec.15,63 
Feb.21, 65 
Feb.12.64 

Dec. 1, 61 
Feb.22,64 
Nov.16,61 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 27, 61 
Feb. 5, 64 
Feb.20,64 
Jan.22, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Nov.28,63 
Jan. 20, 65 
Mar. 2, 65 
Jan, 5, 64 
Feb. 5, 64 



Riverside. Cal.... 
Mt. Carroll, 111.... 

Western! Neb!!!!! 
Dunlap, la 

Visalia, Cal 

Omaha, Neb 

Creston, la 

Pittsfield. Ill 

Tecumseh, Neb.. 
Omaha, Neb 

HumboidV,'la!!!!! 
Washington, la. . . 

Nelson, Neb 

Rochelle, Ills 

Oketo, Kans 

Aurora, 111 

Ridott, 111 

Ghana! 'ill!!!!!!!!! 

Pecatonica, 111 

Radcliff',"l'a! !!!!!! 

Creston, "ill!!!!!! 
DeWitte!Neb!!!!! 

Marshalltown, la 

bekaib, 'ill! !!!!!! 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Disch. July 21, 65; disabil.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 

Discharged to date Nov. 17, 
1865 



M. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Cprp'l. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Mustered out June ]9, 1865. 
Mustered out June 20, 1866. 



Vet, M. O. Jan. 11, 1866 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Mustered out Oct. 31, 1865.. 
Mustered out May 27, 1865.. 
Died, Memphis, Jan. 20, 65. . 

Discharged 

Disch. Jan. 10, 64, for prom. 

in 4th U. S.Col. H Art.... 
Trans, to V. R. C. M. O. 

Jan. 20, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Discharged Aug. 14, 1865. . . 
M. O.Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Mustered out May 18, 1865.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



Vet. recruit. Disch July 

19, 1865, disability 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66. as Corp'l. 
Died, Vicksburg, Jan. 20, 64 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out June 19, 1865. 
Died at Salubrity Springs, 

La., July 21, 1865 

M. O. Dec. 9, 1861 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Tr. to V. R. C. Nov. 11, 1863 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Aug. 1, 1862.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Disch. Aug. 19, 65; disabil. . 

Mustered out Oct. 7, 65 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out May 22, 1865.. 
Died, Vicksburg, June 20, 64 



136 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 




Lane 

Alto 


Dec. 1, 61 
Feb.29, 64 
Feb.22,64 
Jan. 16.64 
Oct. 10,64 

Dec.25,63 
Apr. 1, 64 
Feb.27,65 
Feb. 2, 64 
Feb.21,65 
Feb.22, 65 

Nov.27,62 
Dec. 1,61 

Mar. 4, 64 
Jan. 4. 64 
Oct. 14, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Jan. 24,65 
Feb. 1, 64 
Mar.15,65 
Oct. 4, 64 
Jan. 24,65 
Oct. 20, 62 
Oct. 2, 62 
Oct. 8, 64 
Jan. 2, 64 
Oct. 8. 64 






Saunders Georgfe H . 


Flagg, 111 


Mustered outJan 20 1866 


Smith John 


Fiasrs: 

Barry 

Flaggf 

Lane 

Taylor 

Offle 










.. .1 


Sullivan Garrett 




Mustered out Oct 9 1865 












Mustered out May 27, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan 20 1866 


Throop Freeman W 




Tilcher John 








Flagfg: 

Lafayette . . . 
Ogle 




M.O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan 20 1866 


Way Charles R 


Rochelle 111 


Weeks, Charles H.... 








Gap Grove, 111 


" " 


Wills Jeptha A .. .. 




Mustered out Nov 29 1865 


Williams, Stephen E. 

Recruits Transferred 
from nth III. luf. 




Brackettsville, Tex. 


Tr toV R C Nov 11 1863 




Vet. M. O. Jan. 20, 1866 
















Mustered out Oct 13 1865 




Amboy 






Earnest Jacob . 




Mustered out Jan. 20 1866 




Anna 

LaSalle co.. 










" " 


Holmes James A 




Sub. M. O. Oct 3 1865 


Keller, James M 


Northfield... 


















Mustered out Oct 1 1865 . 




Amboy 






Peironnett, John A... 


Omaha, Neb 


Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 


Wiley, Henry E 


Amboy 




Drafted & Sub Recruits 
Transf. from Uth III. 
Baldwin, Lewis B 






Campbell, Joseph 








Died at Grand Ecore, La., 


DeWitt, Ralph 




Oct. 11, 64 

Oct.lO, 64 
Oct.l5. 64 




Aug. 18, 1865 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 10, 1865 


Hicks, Willard J 


Kingrston 

Hull 




Mustered out Oct. 10, 1865 . 






Sub M O Oct 9 1865 


Thrasher, William... 


N. Otter Crk 




Drafted. M. O. Oct. 14, 65. 









COMPANY I. 



Name and Rank. 


Residence. 


Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 


Present Address. 


Remarks. 


Captains. 
Charles P Stimson... 


Piainfield.... 
Reynolds ... 

Oregon 

Dixon 

Piainfield.... 
Dixon 

Geneva 

Dixon 


Dec. 1, 61 
Feb.26, 62 
Sep. 1, 62 
Jan.20. 66 

Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.19,62 

Dec. 1, 61 
Apr. 7, 62 
Nov.19,62 
Aug 4, 65 




Resigned Feb. 26, 1862 


Rossel D. Campbell.. 
Davids. Pride 




Resigned Aug. 31 1862 




Mustered out Nov. 21, 1865. 


Hezekiah H. Bullock. 

First Lietitenants. 

James Ballard 

Hezekiah H Bullock 


Vermillion, S. D.... 


M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as 1st Lt.. 

Resigned Nov. 19, 1862 

Promoted 


Second Lieutenants. 
Wm.H HowelKHight) 




Killed in battle of Shiloh 


Hezekiah H. Bullock. 










Mustered out Nov. 20, 1864 


Henry G. Kennellv... 


Piainfield.... 


Morrilton. Ark 


Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



137 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Sergea7its. 

John St. John 

Harvey P. Sargent.. 

Charles L. Pratt 

John Collins 

Corporals. 
Russell Carter 

David Rossiter 

William H. Robbins. 

Judson Ware 

James H. Davis 

Van R. Strong- 

Louis Shiffer 

Cyrus Booth 

Musician. 
Jacob Abbott 

Wazoner. 
Jas. W. Pennington.. 

Privates. 
Alf ord , H arvey 

Arter, Frank 

Anderson, George... 

Averill, George 

Bennett, Almon W.. 

Boyd, Nelson 

Bates, John 

Booth, Henry N 

Brown, Emanuel.... 

Brown, Frank S 

Barron, Henry 

Burns, Michael R... 

Burns, Mitchel 

Beebe. James F 

Bennett, Charles F.. 

Curtiss, William 

Cooper, George H... 

Cole, Cornelius C 

Cnmmings, Ezra J.. 
Campbell, Rossell — 
Campbell, William L 
Cannon, Curtis 

Curtis, Charles 

Clark, Rothchild N.. 

Causaut, John 

Cosgrove, Patrick... 
Farnsworth, Geo. W 
Gaylord, William P.. 

Goss, Alonzo 

HUls, Joseph 

Hobday, James 

Right, John R 

Hining, Adam 



Water'n.N.Y 



Aurora... 
Oregon... 
Plainfield. 



Oregon 

Plainfield..., 

Manchester, 

Oregon 

Plainfield.... 



Oregon 

Plainfield..., 



Oregon 

Plainfield..., 



Manchester , 
Plainfield.... 

Harrington., 
Kamanche . , 
Plainfield.... 



Linden 

Richmond ., 
Reynolds .., 



Amboy , 

Plainfield..., 



Prophetst'n 
Oregon 



Seward... 
Plainfield. 



Athens . . . 
Geneva . . 
Plainfield. 



Sep.18,61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Sep.18, 61 



Oct.29. 61 
Sep.18. 61 



Oct.29, 61 
Oct.16, 61 
Sep.26, 61 
Nov.16,61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Nov. 5, 61 

Dec. 1, 61 
Oct.29, 61 
Oct.22, 61 
Sep.18, 61 
Oct.29, 61 
Sep.18, 61 
Nov.25,61 
Nov. 4, 61 
Dec._ 1, 61 

Nov. 7, 61 
Dec 1,61 



Nov.14,61 
Nov. 9, 61 
Nov.16,61 



Oct.ll, 61 
Dec._ 1, 61 

Nov. 1,61 
Dec. 1,61 
Nov. 3. 61 
Oct.29, 61 

Sep.18, 61 
Nov.30,61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Cedar Rapids (dead) 
Oregon, 111 

Minneapolis, Minn.. 



Yankton, S. D. 



Ridgeway,Ia 

Waterbury, Conn. 



Plainfield, 111. 



East Jordon, Mich. 



Plainfield, 111. 
Minden,Neb. 



Vermillion, S. D. 



Promoted 2d Lieutenant.. 



Disch. Oct. 19, 62; disabil... 
.VI . O. Nov. 30, 64. as priv'te 
Tr. to Co. D, 1st III. Art 
Killed at Shiloh Apr. 6, 62.. 



Died at Pittsburg Landing 
Apr.5,1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Pittsburg Landing 
Mar.24.1862 

Mustered out July 5, 1862 .. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864 . 
Trans, to Invalid Corps 



Re-enlisted as Veteran. 



Disch. Sept. 3, 62; disabil. 



Died at Henderson, Ky.^ 

Apr.1,1862 

Killed at battle of Shiloh... 
Mustered out June 30, 63 ... 
Disch. July 9, 62; disabil.... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, Men phis, Jan. 10, 63. 
Died, Natchez, Dec. 10, 63.. 
Trans, to Invalid Corps .. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Discharged July 9,1862 

Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 

Mustered out Jan. 18, 1862.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Mar. 10, 64, for pro. 
as Hosp. Stew. U. S. A... 

Disch. Oct. 18.62; disabil... 

Died, Louisville, June 19, 62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Discharged Apr. 3, 1862 

Prom. Captain Feb. 26, 62... 

Died in the field May 19, 62. 

Tr. to Invalid Corps, Mus- 
tered out Dec. 1, 1864 

Died at Henderson, Ky., 
June 2, 1862 

Died in field June 22, 62 

Died, Oregon, 111., Jan. 22,64 

Trans, to Invalid Corps 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Nov. 30,1864.. 
Died at Evansville, Ind., 

June 10,1862 

Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. . 
Discharged Nov. 25, 1862.... 
Discharged Aug. 15, 1862... 



138 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Harris, Georgre 

Kennelly, Henry G 

Kennelly, Morris 

Kigfhtlinger, Alex 

Kent, John R 

Lawton, James E 

Lawrence, Milo 

Larison, Eric 

McLernard, Charles.. 

Morray, Henry C 

Marcy, Frank P 

Madden, John 

Marcy, Andrew M 

Norris, William H. H. 

Nugent, Patrick 

Onley, Ransom 

Olmstead, Wm. alias, 
Campbell, Chas. R. 

Pratt, Hermon 

Pratt, Newel 

Parker, M arvin 

Parker, Elijah 

Parr, David 

Paul, George 

Pinney, Dwight 

Roland, Thomas 

Shiffer, Solomon A... 

Shiffer, Robert 

Scott, Jacob 

Swanson, Peter 

Stevens, Elnathan 

Snyder, Edward A 

Vaughn, Matthew 

West, Alexander 

Wright, Burgess 

Wing, Horace J 

Veterans. 

Abbott, Jacob B 

Bennett, Almon W 

Beebe, Charles L 

Brown, Emanuel P... 

Brown, Franklin S 

Beebe, James F 

Benjamin, Porter 

Cromwell, Daniel 

Crane, Thomas S 

Cole, Cornelius C 

Dow, John W 

Davis, James H 

Forbes, Harlan D 

Gaylord, Willard P... 

Holton, Jerome R 

Howard, Frank 

Kennelly, Henry G 

Kipley, Lorenzo 

Kightlinger, Alex 

Lasher, George 

Morse, Benjamin W.. 

Morris, John A 

McLernard, Charles.. 

Melligan, Jacob W 

Nunn, Robert 

Post, Jacob 

Paul, George 



Joliet 

Plainfield.... 

Dixon 

Plainfieid.... 

Oregon 

Plainfield.... 

Geneva 

Watertown.. 

Reynolds 

Plainfield.... 

Dixon 

Plainfield.... 

Chicago 

Oregon 

Dixon 

Oregon 

Plainfield.... 

Oregon 

Oregon 

Plainfield.... 
Fair Haven. 
Plainfield.... 

Proph'tstw'n 

Dixon 

Hamilton . .. 

Linden 

Paw Paw 

Oregon 

Sublette 

Plainfield.... 

Sublette 

Fulton 

Plainfield.... 
Hamilton ... 

Plainfield 

Carroll 

Amboy 

Fair Haven. 

Fulton...'!'.'.'. 

Lena 

Amboy 

Plainfield... 



Sep.18, 61 
Nov. 5, 61 
Nov.16,61 
Sep.16, 61 
Oct. 20, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Sep.18, 61 
Dec. 1. 61 



Sep.18, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 



Nov.16,61 
Sep.18, 61 
Nov.21,61 
Nov. 9,61 
Oct.29, 61 
Dec._ L 61 

Nov.11,61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.16,61 



Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Dec.__l, 61 

Nov.16,61 

Oct. 8, 61 



Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 22,63 



Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec. 28,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 



Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 7. 63 
Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec. 23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 



Morrilton, Ark 

Elk 'Point; 's."d'.'.;;!! 

End'ico'tt,'N'eb'.'.'.!!!; 

Camp Douglas.Wis 
Chicago, 111 

Joiiet,"iif !!.'!.'! !!!.'!! 

Ridgeway, la 

Oregon, 111 

Sheffield, la 

East Jordon, Mich. . 

Freeport.Ill 

Plainfield, 111 

Minden, Neb 

Strawberry Pt,, la. . 

Yankton, 's.'d'.!.' .'.'!! 

Prophetstown, 111... 

Morrilton, Ark 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Chicago, "ill'.!'.!'.!!.'.' 
Cooper, la 

Lyons, la 

Staten Island, N. Y. 



Died in the field June 9, 62 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. .. 
Died, Cincinnati. May 10, 62 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Aug. 18, 1862 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864 
Discharged Nov. 25, 1862... 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Memphis, Dec. 18, 62 
Killed at battle of Shiloh. . 
Trans, to Invalid Corps... 
Mustered out July 15, 1862. 
Killed at battle of Shiloh.. . 

Transferred to Co. H 

Disch. May 29, 62; disabil.. 



Disch, St. Louis, Jan. 20, 63 
Disch. May 20, 62, in field.. 
Mustered out Nov 30, 1864. 



1862. 



Mustered out Nov. 3 

Disch. Apr. 3. 1862 

Re-enlisted as Veteran... 
Mustered out Jan. 18, 1862 
Disch., Memphis, Jan. 10,63 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. ... 
Mustered out Jan. 9, 1865.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran.... 

Transferred to Co. E 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. H 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Disch. Aug. 15, 62; disabil. 
Died at Pittsburg Landing, 

April 19, 1862 

Disch. Aug. 13, 62; disabil 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Kil'd Jackson, M., July 7,64, 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 
Died M'nd City, Nov. 3, 64, 
Kil'd Jackson, M., July 7, 64, 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866 



Prom. 2d Lt. from 1st. Sgt. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Cop'l. 

Died Memphis Jan. 4.65... 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866.. 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



139 



Name and Rank. 



Residence. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Rossiter, David B 

Shiffer, Solomon A. . . 

Stevens, Elnathan 

Strong, Van R 

Scott, Jacob 

Tearney, Edward 

Woolsey, Philander H 
Winebrenner, John B. 

Recruits. 

Arnold, Abram N 

Benjamin, Georgre W. 
Bird, Roderick D 



Oregon.. 
Plainfield.... 



Clinton 

Amboy 

Fair Haven 



Oregon.. 

Prophetstwn 

Amboy.. 



Briscoe, Edward 

Barnard, George S.. 
Bradbury, Eben C..., 
Crawford, Samuel E. 

Currier, Lorenzo 

Cleaveland, John K.., 

Coulton, Orin 

Cosgrove, Michael..., 

Corkins, Wallace 

Chasm, Thomas 

Carter, Sherwood E.. 

Donovan, Dennts 

Davis, William H 

Dillon, Henry 

Echelbarger, Benj. P, 
Fox, Ferdinand W.... 

Graves, Aspacia 

Hobday, James 

Hornell, Cornelius H. 

Hornell, Louis C 

Hill, Hiram 

Holmes, James W.. .. 

Harmon, James C 

Keyes, Joel P 



Pleasant Hill 

Amboy 

Dixon 

Fulton 

Oregon 

Lee Center.. 
Oregon 



Freeport . . . 
Newton 



Kightbarger.CarsonH 

Kent, Marcellus P 

Leicraft, Joseph 

Lee, Daniel E 

Larish, Almon S 

Mills, Isaac A 

McCain, Wilford 

Manchester, Lewis... 
Miller, Jacob P 



Erie 

Chicago 

Amboy 

Green Gardn 

Oregon 

Rockvale,. .. 

Oregon 

Amboy 

Marengo 

Princeton . . . 

Elmwood ... 
Plainfield.... 

Oregon 

Jordan 

Fair Haven. 



Dixon , 

Pair Haven, 
Erie 



Myers, James , 

Morris, David 

Madden, John 

North, Charles A 

Osborn, Thomas J... 
O'Hara, Thomas B.. 



Pamin, Eugene 

Parker, William W... 

Price, John W 

Reiman, George W... 

Rolf, Clark P 

Ritz, Martin L 

Roat, Samuel H 

Reiman, Augustus C. 



Amboy , 

Fair Haven, 

Amboy , 

Oregon 

Clyde 

Oregon 



Rock Grove. 

Princeton 

Oregon 

Lena 

Amboy 

Oregon 



Rutledge, Jacob L. 



Dec.23,63 

Dec. 7, 63 
Dec 22,63 
Dec.23,63 
Dec. 7, 63 
Dec.22,63 
Dec. 7, 63 



Feb.22, 64 
Feb.24,64 
Nov.12,61 

Oct. 8, 64 
Dec.^ 1, 61 

Nov.20,61 
Feb. 7, 64 
Feb.22, 64 
Feb.29, 64 
Dec.17,63 
Dec.19,63 
Feb. 9, 64 
Oct.l6, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Aug. 4, 62 
Dec. 1, 61 
Oct.l2, 61 
Sep. 6, 64 
Nov.17,61 
Mar.21,65 
Dec.21,63 
Apr.l2, 65 
Feb.22, 64 
Sep.26, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Nov.11,61 

Oct.l3, 64 
Jan. 1, 61 
Feb.20, 64 
Apr.12,65 
Nov. 8,61 
Nov. 7, 62 
Feb.10,64 
Nov. 8, 61 
Nov. 1,61 

Oct. 7, 61 
Nov. 8, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
Feb.18, 64 
Mar.16,65 
Jan. 26, 64 

Feb. 9, 64 
Feb. 8, 65 
Dec. 1,61 
Feb.22. 64 
Oct.24, 61 
Dec. 1,61 
Feb.22, 64 
Dec.31,63 

Nov. 4. 61 



Joliet, 111 .. 
Oregon, 111. 



Prophetstown, 111. 



Oregon, 111. 
Oregon, 111. 



Lanark, 111.. . 
Euclid, Okla. 
Keokuk, la... 



Amboy, 111. 



Oregon, 111 

Casselton, N. D. 



Amboy, 111. 



Elk Point, S. D. 



Vining, Kans 

Fenton, 111 



Vandalia. 111. 
Clarinda, la.. 



Eldora, la.. 
Oregon, 111 



Died, N Orleans, May 27, 65 
M. O. Jan. 20. 66, as 1st Sg't 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Abs't, sick, at M. O, of Reg. 
M. O.Jan. 20,66, as Serg't. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. . 



Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 

Disch. Sept. 1, 63, for pro. 

in Colored Regiment 

Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. . 
Mustered out June 30, 1863. . 
Died, Memphis, Mar. 12, 63 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Transferred to Co. H 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1865. 



Mustered out Jan. 20,1866... 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Disch. Sept. 5, 63; disabil... 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864.. 
Corp'l. Disch. Sept. 1, 63 
for prom. U. S. Col'd Reg 
Mustered out Oct. 13, 1865.. 
Mustered out Dec. 31, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20;_1866.. 

Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



as 



Marshaltown, Ia.,sh 



M. O. Nov. 30, 64, as Serg't 
Disch. Sept. 21, 1863, 

Serg't; disability 

Mustered out Nov. 30, : 



Died, Amboy, 111., Aug. 14,64 
Died, M'nd City, Nov. 3, 64 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Disch. May 27, 64, for pro- 
motion in 51st 111. Inf 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866... 

M.O. Mayl, 1862 

M. O.Jan. 26,66. as Serg't.. 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864.. 

Transferred to Co. E 

Died at Salubrity Springs 

Aug. 31, 1865 

Mustered out Aug. 18, 1862. . 



140 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Shipman, George P... 

Snyder, George W 

Shedy, James R 

Shipman, Edgar W... 

Sarles, Elijah 

Sawyer, Horace P 



Sanson, Oliver 

Thomas, Eugene T... 

Weltz, Tivas 

Wressle, David 

Weir, Thomas 

Whiting, Henry B . . . . 



Oregon. 



Daysville 

Oregon 

Rock Grove. 
Lee Center. . 



Amboy 

Fair Haven. 
Oregon 
Fair Haven- 

Fulton 

Cordova 



Recruits transferred 
from nth III. Inf. 

Brown, Milton 

Clay, Charles H 

Claypool. Elisha 



Rochester. 
Coulson ... 



Case, William M 

Cowan, John. R 

Davenport, George A 

Ellis. Henry 

Frask, Matt H 

Fry, James 

Fisher, Wilson J 

Fisher, Thomas B.... 

Fowler, John R 

Guill. Jefferson 

Gardinir, Charles H.. 
Horsman, Charles P. 

Harris, Allison C 

Harris, William A 

Hunter, John D 

Hunter Morrison 

Huber, George 

Hutson, Alfred 



Saratoga. 
Mission . . 



Amboy. 
Dalson . 



Amboy.. 
Manlius . 
Logan... 
Trivoia.' 



Jackson, William A 
Johnson, Albert S. 

Kimmel. George 

Lorch. Alexander.. 

Leusch, August 

Monger, Riley D... 
Manuel, Frank. ... 
Moree, William E.. 
Marigold. Arthur . 

Nures, Alonzo 

Pugh, John 

Sloan, Ephraim 

Sheeley, Patrick... 
Shinkle, John W... 

Thorn, Jacob 

Ulm, Robert R 

VanMedern, Theodore 
Vickery, Chester.. 
Warren, James — 
Windland, James. 



Rockford. 



Amboy 

Northfield... 

Radnor 

Amboy , 



Amboy. 



Jefferson co 
Rockford.... 
Peoria co..., 
Adams , 



Dec. 1, 
Dec. 28 
Jan.21, 
Feb. 20, 
Feb. 8, 
Feb.29. 

Dec. 1, 
Nov. 8, 
Feb.22, 
Dec. 1, 
Oct. 20, 
Dec. 1, 



Nov. 6, 63 
Mar. 4,64 
Oct. 7, 64 

Dec. 2763 
Oct. 11,64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Nov. 6,63 
Dec. 4, 63 
Oct. 4, 64 
Oct._8, 64 

Oct. 6, 64 
Aug.15,62 
Oct. 8, 64 
Jan.l2, 63 
Oct.__8, 64 

Oct. 7, 64 
Oct. 3, 64 
Oct. 7. 64 
Oct. 4, 64 

Dec .23,63 
Jan.l2, 63 
Aug.15,62 
Dec. 27, 63 
Oct.S, 64 

Oct. 12,64 

Oct. 5, 64 
Oct. 4, 64 
Jan.22, 64 
Oct. 4, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Jan. 1,63 
Aug.15,62 
Oct.l3, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct.l2, 64 
Mar. 1, 65 
Aug,15,62 



Bonilla, S. D. 



Oregon, 111 

Fair Haven, 111. 



Amboy, 111. 



Paton, la. 
Perry, la. 



Corley, la.. 
Amboy, 111. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Abs't sick at M. O. of Regt. 
Died at Salubrity Springs 

Sept. 10, 64 

Died, Memphis, Sept. 17, 63 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Nov. 30, 1864. 
Tr. to Inv. Corps, April 2, 64 



Mustered out July 5, 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Drafted. Abs't sick at N. 
Orleans. M. O. Oct. 6, 65 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Sub. M.O.Oct. 10. 1865 

Substitute 

M. O.July 5, 1865 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 4, 1865 

Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 



Worthington, Minn, 
Henderson, la 



Drafted, M. O. Oct. 5, 1865.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Mustered out Jan. 11. 1866.. 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 7, 1865 

Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865. . . . 

Sub. M.O. Oct. 5, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 2, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 61865 

Drafted. Disch. May 26. 

1865, disability 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Mustered out Jan. 11, 1866. . 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. . 
Abs't, sick, at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Oct. 7. 1865... 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 7, 1865 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 12, 1865.... 
Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Mustered out Oct. 4, 1865... 

Sub. M. O.Oct. 3, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Abs't sick, at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865... 
Disch. May 24, 65, disabil... 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Sub. M. O. Oct. 12, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Sub. M. O.Oct. 11, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



141 



COMPANY K. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Captains. 
John M. McCracken.. 

William Stewart 

Oly F. Johnson 

First Lieutenants. 

William Stewart 

Joseph M. McKibben. 
Louis C. Butler 

John Wilson 

Second Lieutenants. 
Beverly W. Whitney.. 
Joseph M. McKibben. 

Oly F. Johnson 

John Wilson 

James Thom 



Freeport 

Cedarville... 
Caledonia... 



Cedarville. 
Dakotah .. 
Ridott 



First Sergeant. 
James C. Mallor>-. 

Sergeants. 
Louis C Butler... 
Oscar H. Osborn. 
Oly F. Johnson... 
George Barton 



Corporals. 
Walter G. Barnes... 

John Wilson 

Benjamin R. Frisbie. 
Timothys. Felton .. 



Reuben C. Hardy 

Elijah H. Gardner ... 

James Thom 

Thomas Woodcock.. 



Musicians. 
Thomas Slade... 
Louis Jefferson.. 

Privates. 
Amonson. John.. 
Butler, James A. 



Berns, Moses 

Brown, Georfre F 

Byrne, John A 

Birdsell, John A 

Cromton, Aaron 

Canfield, Gideon G... 

Curran, John 

Curry, Samuel T 

Carter, Sherwood E.. 
Daugrhenbaugh, Wm.J 

Diemar, Josiah 

Dodson, Thomas H.. 
Estelman, Wm. J 



Oilman, Andrew.. 
Galpin, Hiram C. 
Hays, Thomas J. 

Hills, Enos P 

Hiatt, John 



Buckeye, 



Boone 

Dakotah .... 
Caledonia... 

Buckeye 

Bl'k Ham'r, 



Freeport , 



Caledonia. 
Freeport . . 



Freepo:t 

Buckeye 

Freeport . . . 



Freeport 

Ridott 

Bl'k Ham'r. 
Freeport 



Burlington.. 
Caledonia. .. 



State of Min. 
Ridott..., 



Freeport 



Ridott... 
State of Min 

Ridott 

Caledonia. . 
Freeport . . . 
Caledonia.. 



Ridott ... 
Freeport , 



Eleroy. 



Dakota.. 
Freeport 



Dec.30,61 
Oct. n, 62 
Dec.28,64 



Oct.15, 61 
Oct.ll. 62 
Dec.23,64 



Dec.30,61 
July 16.62 
Oct.ll, 62 
Mar.20,65 
Oct.26, 65 



Nov. 7. 61 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov. 7, 61 



Nov. 7, 61 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov. 7, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Dec.26,61 



Oct. 4, 61 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov. 7,61 



Oct._4. 61 

Nov. 7, 61 
Nov.20,61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Dec.26.61 
Nov. 7, 61 

Nov.15,61 
Dec.26,61 



Dec.26.61 
Nov.15,61 



Freeport, 111 

Freeport. Ill 

Kansas 

Rushmore, Minn — 

Arlington, la 

CambridgerN.'Y!;; 

Freeport. Ill,(Dead) 
West U'iiion, la '.'.!!! 

Lowell, Mass 

Rushmore, Minn 

Cedar" Falls', la !".!.'! 

SanFrancisco. Cal . 

Jennings. La 

Ridott, 111 

Maquoketa, la 



Promoted Major 

Mustered out Dec. 21, 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 



Promoted 

usteredout Dec. 23, 1864.. 
Died at Salubrity Springs, 

La., Oct. 5, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Resigned July 16, 1862 

Promoted 

Mustered oiiV Jan.' '26,'i866!*. 



Trans, to Co. F, as private. 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. July 27,62; disabil... 
Promoted 2d Lieutenant . . 
Disch. Nov. 21, 63; disabil. 



Disch. May 31. 62; disabil. . . 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

M. O. Dec. 29, 64, as private 
Died at Freeport, 111., Mar. 

17, 1862 

Disch. Sept. 7, 63; disabil. . . 
Died at Corinth, June 18, 62 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Re-enlisted as Veteran .... 
Died at Corinth June 20, 62".. 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Lagrange, Tenn., 

July 13,1862 

Disch. May25, 62; disabil... 
Died, St. Louis, May 18, 62,. 

Disch. Dec. 5, 62; disabil 

Disch. to date May 23. 62... 
Disch. Sept. 9, 62; wounds.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Trans, to Invalid Corps 

Transferred to Co. A 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died June 1, 1862 

Disch. Jan. 13. 64, as Corp'l 

disability 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. A 

Trans, to Invalid Corps 

Mustered out Aug. 18, 62 

Disch. Feb. 11, 63, as Serg't 

disability 



142 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Hartman, William 

Hulverson, Matthias. 
Humphrey, David — 

Howard, William 

Hill, Franklin R 

Kostenbader, Daniel. 
Kamrar, Abram W. . . 

Kinney, D aniel 

Keelingr, William 

Lamb, Samuel D 

Latour, Charles 

Lahay, James 

Myron, Thomas 

Miller, Aaron 

Martin, William H — 
McLaugrhlin, Thomas 

McKee, Robert 

Needham, Richard N. 

Olson, Ole 

Olson, John 

Phillips, Smith 

Phillips, Jesse 

Parmly, Silas 

Patten, Lawrence 

Reber, Levi M 

Reber, Martin V. B... 

Ruder, Leonard 

Reagfle, Jacob 



Read, James H. 



Caledonia.. 
Burlington. 

Decatur 

Burlington. 



Cedarville... 
Yellow Cr'k 
Freeport — 



Ridott 

Freeport . . 



Eleroy., 



Freeport . . 



Harlem 

E. Newberg: 
Spring Gr've 
Caledonia. 



Buckeye 

Freeport . . . 



Rutter, Wm. H. H 
Rogers, Henry G. , 
Segin, Theodore... 
Sainterben, Benjamin 
Schae, Anthony . . . 
Shock, Robert.... 
Snow, Abijah L. F. M 



Thompson, Neils 

Winney, Daniel 

Wagner, William N., 

Wood, Thomas 

Wardwell, William G 

Warner, David J 

Walbridge, Thomas. 

Wertz, Peter 

Woodruff, Isaac 



Yellow Cr'k. 
Freeport . . . 



Cedarville... 



Veterans. 

Amonson, John 

Butler, Lewis C 

Canfield, Gideon G.... 

Diemar, Josiah 

Daughenbaugh,Wm.J 

Gilman, Andrew 

Hartman, William — 
Hulverson, Matthias. 



Kamrar, Saul H 

Kinney, Daniel 

Keeling, William 

Kamrar, Abram W . . . 

Lamb, Samuel D 

Lahay, James 

McLaughlin, Thomas 



Freeport . . 
Caledonia. 



Freeport . . 



Spring Gr've 
Freeport . 
Dakotah . 
Freeport . 



Davistown 
Freeport 



Minnesota , 
Ridott 



Nov.23,61 
Oct. 4, 61 

Nov. 7, 61 
Dec.21,61 
Nov. 7, 61 
Dec.26,61 
Nov. 7, 61 



Dec,26,61 



Dec. 6, 61 
Nov. 7, 61 



Dec. 1, 61 
Dec.30,61 
Nov. 7, 61 



Dec.26,61 
Oct. 4, 61 



Nov. 7, 61 



Oct. 4, 61 
Nov. 7,61 



Dec.26,61 
Nov. 7, 61 



Sioux Rapids, la. 
Elizabeth, Minn... 



No. Cedar, S. D. 
Ada, Minn 



New Auburn, Wis. 
Macedonia, la 



Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Disch. Mar. 19, 62; disabil. 
Mustered out Aug. 18, 1862. 



Aurora, Neb 

Washington, la. 



Rock Island, 111. 



Robertson, la. 
Decatur, Neb. . 



Davis, 111. 



Disch. Nov. 24, 62; disabil. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Transferred to Co. C 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died at Corinth, June 12, 62. 
Died at Corinth, June 6, 62. 
Mustered out May 31, 1862.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. B 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out May 9, 1862. . . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Freeport 

Ridott 

Eleroy 



Minnesota... 

Yellow Cr'k. 
Freeport 

Yellow Cr'k! 

Ridott 

Freeport 



Jan. 1, 64 
Dec.20,63 



Cedar Falls, la. 

Ridott, 111 

Jennings, La — 



Sioux Rapids, la 
Elizabeth, Minn. 



Lost Nation, la. 



Mustered out Dec. 29,1864.. 
Disch. Mar. 7, 62; disabil... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 4, 1865... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Died, Bolivar, Tenn., Oct. 

26,1862 

Serg't. Disch. Aug. 31, 63 

for prom, in U. S. C. T... 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Transferred to Co. A 

Disch. Aug. 27, 62; disabil. 
Mustered out Aug. 18, 1862.. 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Disch. Aug. 26, 62; disabil.. 
Discharged Aug. 29, 1862,as 

Corporal; wounds 

Died. May 13, 1862 

Mustered out Dec. 29, 1864. . 
Re-enlisted as Veteran 



Mustered out Jan. 4, 1865.. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran . . . 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't.. 
Prom. Sgt., IstSgt., 1st Lt. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 

Absent on furlough, at 

muster out of Regiment.. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



M. O. Jan. 20, 65, as 1st Sgt. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Died, N. Orleans, Feb.19,65 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



143 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



McGurk, James 

Needham, Richard N, 

Olson, Ole 

Phillipps, Smith 

Phillips, Jesse 

Rutter, William H.H, 

Ruder, Leonard 

Reber, Levi M 

Schae, Anthony 

Slade, Thomas 

Thom, James 

Wilson, John 

Woodcock, T 

Woodruff, Isaac 

Wardwell, William G 
Walbridgre, Thomas.. 
Wagner, William N.. 

Warner, David J 

Wood, Thomas 



Recruits. 

Artley , Abram 

Artley, Chas 

Allen, Thomas J 

Apker, John 

Barker, Dudley 

Brace, John 

Boyle, Loughey 

Byrne, John A 

Baker, John 

Burns, John 

Babb, Amos W. 

Butterfield, Chas. W. 

Bride, George H 

Cantrill. Joel T 

Cosier, Ammon 

Canvil, Calvin , 

Cook, George , 

Coolidge, Nelson 

Carroll, Patrick 

Cade, Alfred 

Dillon, George W 

Dillon, Zachariah 

Decker Zachary 

Devore, Espy 

Dinsmore, William.. 

Diller, Michael 

Doan, Joseph 

Dobson. Jacob 

Dolan, John 

Eli, Marion 

Flood, Bartholomew 

Farley, Thomas 

Fry, Conrad 

Gibler, Howard 

Grigsby, Uriah 

Grigsby, John W 

Garrison, Israel T 

Gitchel, Nathaniel... 

Gillespie, Peter 

Gresley, Willis C 

Grigsby, Samuel 

Hayes, John R- 

Hughes, William-... 
Heiter, Monroe 



Freeport. . . 
Harlem ... 
Minnesota, 



Yellow Cr'k 
Freeport 



Buckeye. 
Freeport 



Dakota.., 
Freeport , 



Jan. 1, 
Dec.20, 



Feb. 1, 
Dec.20, 



Harlem 

Dakota 

Buckeye 

Loran 

Rock Grove, 

Ridott 

Freeport 



Rockford 

Springfield . . 

Loran 

Rock Run... 
Lancaster... 



Loran .. . 
Buckeye, 



Ridott 

Freeport .. 
Rock Run. 
Freeport . . 



Dimmick,.. 
Freeport . . . 
Lancaster.. 

Freeport . . . 



Frankfort . . 
Freeport . . . 
Rock Run.. 

Ridott 

Freeport . . . 

Loran 

Montezuma 
Chicago. . •■ 
Morrison... 
Freeport ... 
Loran 



LaSalle.. 
Florence 



Jan.24, 65 
Jan.28, 65 
Peb.lO, 64 
Jan.26, 65 
Feb. 7, 65 
Jan.13. 62 
Jan.21, 62 
Feb. 3, 65 
Oct. 4, 64 
Jan. 1, 62 
Jan.27. 65 
Jan.26, 65 
Feb. 2, 65 
Sep.lO, 61 
Jan.25, 65 
Feb. 4, 65 
Jan. 1, 62 
Jan.25, 64 
Feb.23,64 
Jan.24, 65 
Feb.l9, 64 

Feb. 3, 65 
Jan.l6, 64 
Mar.27,65 
Dec. 29,61 
Feb. 10,64 
Feb. 1, 64 
Feb. 4, 64 
Oct. 18, 63 
Feb. 3, 65 
Sep.lO, 61 
Jan. 5, 64 

Feb.l3, 64 
Jan. 16,64 
Dec. 5, 63 
Aug.19,62 
Nov. 5, 61 
Feb. 13,64 
Jan.27, 65 
Feb. 6, 65 
Oct. 5, 64 
Feb. 17,65 



Lena, 111 

No. Cedar, S. D.. 
Ada, Minn 

Nero, Wis 

Aurora, Neb 

Ada, Minn 

Rushmore, Minn 

Decatur, Neb 

Dakota, 111 

Raymond, la 

Cherokee, la 

Annieville, la 

Rockford.' iii;!." 

Orangeville, 111.. 

Dorchester, Neb. 

Aurelia, la 

SiouxFailsVsVb 

Aurelia, la 

Blu^Hili'Neb;".! 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
Mustered out M ay 16, 65 ... . 
Mustered out July 15, 1865.. 
Abs't. sick at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 

Promoted Drum Major 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Serg't. 
Prom. 2nd Lieut, from Serg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Mustered out May 9, 1864... 

Drowned Nov. 28, 64 

M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'L 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 



Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 

Promoted Hosp. Steward.. 
Died at Mobile, May 8, 65.. 
Died, Shreveport, June 17, 65 
Died May 22, 1862; wounds. 

Trans, to Invalid Corps 

Mustered out Aug. 12, 1865.. 
Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865... 
Disch. June 16, 62; disabil.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20,1866.. 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Reg't 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Disch. Apr. 6, 65; disabil.. 
Disch. Oct. 5, 64; wounds.. 
Mustered out Mar. 2, 1864.. 
Mustered out Oct. 27, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 



Discharged Aug. 23, 1865... 
Abs't. sick, at M. O. of Reg. 

Transferred to Co. C 

Died, Vicksburg, May 28, 64 
Died, Vicksburg. Oct. 30, 64 

Mustered out Mar. 4, 64 

Died, Vicksburg, Aug. 8, 64 
Abs't, sick at M. O. of Reg't. 

Trans, to Invalid Corps 

Mustered out June 19, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



Mustered out July 12, 1865.. 
Disch. May 22, 65: disabil.. 
Mustered out June 12, 1865. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 
Veteran, M. O. Jan. 20, 66.. 

Sub. M.O.Oct. 4, 1865 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.. 



144 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



'ame and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 
enlist- 
ment 



Present Address. 



Hartman, Amon 

Hand, Barney 

Kamrar, David 

Kraft, Jacob 

Kelley, Zebedee 

Keck, Henry S 

Kettleson, Ole 

Kamrar, Saul H 

Lamb, Samuel F 

Leiphart, Henry 

Lower, Reuben 

Linscott, Abram 

Logan, William 

Mather, Abijah 

Mishler, Barton 

Miller, John H 

Mullin, Dominic 

McCay, George 

Muffly. Charles T.... 
McKibben, James H. 

Modie, Thomas J 

Morton, Jeremiah 

McKimson, John S... 

Miller, Ambrose 

Mallory, DeWitt C... 

McGurk, James 

Nicholas, Charles H. 
Newton, James H — 

Owen, Albert 

Osborn, Oscar H 

Plotner, Frank 

Quinn, William 

Runner, Ziba T. F.... 
Richards, William D. 

Richards, Levi 

Scott, George W 

Starr, Frederick H... 

Scott, Isaac 

Sheffy, Levi W 

Sloan, Thomas 

Shane, Mathias 

Smith, Charles 

Shane, John W 

Swely , Lewis Z 

Shaffer, or Sheffer, 

Thomas J 

Spowage, William.... 
Silkwood, James H . . . 

Shearer, Wilson 

Strong, Frederick H. 
Tisinger, Robert R... 

Train, Leonard R 

Thomas, William .. 
Warner, William W.. 
Williams, Andrew J.. 

White, James T 

Willy, Andrew W.... 

Withneck, Phillip 

Winne, Abram 

Watson, Henry 

Zweifel, Albert 

Zeigler, Miller 



Buckeye 

Freeport — 

Loran 

Waddams... 

Florence 

Dakota 

Caledonia... 
Yellow Cr'k. 

Ridott 

Loran 

Ridott 

Lacon 

Freeport 

Davis 

Kent 

Dakota 

Freeport 

Florence 

Dakota 

Lancaster... 
Montezuma. 

Freeport 

Lancaster... 
Rock Kun.. 

Freeport 

Rock Run... 

Fenton 

Kent 

Freeport 

Silver Creek 

Freeport 

Buckeye 

Dakota 



Freeport . . . 
Waddams.. 
Freeport . . . 

Loran 

Ridott 

Dakota 

Buckeye . . . 



Dakota. 



Lancaster.. 

Buckeye 

Montezuma 
Chicago. — 



Montezuma. 

Oneco 

Freeport 



Montezuma 
Florence 



Ridott 

Freeport 

Silver Creek 
Rock Grove. 



Jan.31, 65 
Nov.20,61 
Jan.24, 65 
Feb. 5, 64 
Feb. 7, 65 
Feb. 4, 65 
Oct. 1, 61 
Jan. 1, 62 
J an. 22, 65 
Jan.24, 65 
Jan.26, 65 
Feb.29, 64 
Jan.21, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 
Jan,28, 64 
Dec.30,63 
Feb.16,64 
Feb. 6, 65 
Jan.28, 65 
Jan.27, 65 
Dec. 5, 63 

Jan. 1, 62 
Feb. 2, 65 
Jan.24, 65 
Jan. 1, 62 
Feb. 6, 65 
Nov. 8,61 
Jan.22, 64 
Jan .30, 64 
Feb. 7, 65 
Jan. 2, 64 
Jan. 25,65 
Jan.30, 65 

Feb.29, 64 
Feb. 4, 64 
Feb.29, 64 
Jan, 26, 65 
Feb._7, 65 

Jan.26, 65 
Jan.24, 65 
Feb. 7, 65 

Feb. 3, 65 
Feb. 2, 65 
Dec. 5, 63 
Oct. 7, 64 



Dec. 5, 63 
Feb. 2, 65 
Jan. 5, 64 
Jan.25, 65 
Dec. 5, 63 

Dec.10,61 
Feb. 1, 62 
Jan.26, 65 
Feb. 3, 65 
Feb.19,64 
Feb. 2, 64 



Freeport. 111.... 
Lost Nation, la. 



Shannon, 111. 



Quincy, 111 

Carroll, 111.... 
Rock City. 111. 

Lena, 111 

Sac City, la... 



Ashland, Neb. 
Arlington, la. 



Freeport, 111. 



Dakota, 111 

Soldiers Home,D.D 

Forrest, 111 

Pearl City, 111... 



Mustered out July 17, 1865. . 
Died, C'p Butler, Dec. 23, 61 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- . 

Abs't sick, at M. O. of Reg. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- • 
Died, C'p Butler, Dec. 20, 61 

Re-enlisted as Veteran 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866-. 



Mustered out May 31, 1865. . 
Mustered out M ar. 4, 1864 . . . 

Transferred to Co. B 

M. O. Jan. 20. 66, as Corp'l. 

Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



Mustered out Dec. 31, 1864.. 
Mustered out June 24, 1865 
Mustered out May 24, 1865-. 
Re-enlisted as Veteran. 
Abs't sick, at Mobile, Ala. 
Re-transferred to Co. E 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866- 
Vet. rec. M. O. Jan. 20, 66. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l.. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866 



M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l 
Mustered out Jan. 20. 1866.. 



Hampton. la. 
Hampton. la. 



Prairieburg. Iowa. 
Meckling. S. D.... 



Ft. Dodge, la. 
Aurora, Neb.. 



Mustered out Oct. 6, 1865. . . 
Recruit. Never joined Co. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866., 



Charles City, la. 
Steel City, Neb. 
McGregor, la... 



Died, St. Louis, May 17, 62. 
Di'd,Shrevep't,La.,Jun.l6,65 
Mustered out Nov. 4, 1865-. 
M. O. Jan. 20, 66, as Corp'l. 
Mustered out Jan. 20, 1866-. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



145 



UNASSIGNED RECRUITS. 



Name and Rank. 



Date of 
rank or 

enliEt- 



Present Address 



Baker Alfred 

Barker, Jack 

Brown, Charles M 

Butler, Benj. F 

Bemer or Berner,Nich 

Biehn, John 

Cable, L. Mass 

Curtis, Wm. W 

Crossman, George W. 

Cochran, David 

Davis, Phillip 

Drigrers, John A 

Earhart, Wm. W 

Frund, Julius L 

Getlish, Addison 

Harkell, William 

Helder, John W 

HeingfS, Cornelius 

Mareau, Joseph 

Meingro, Cornelius 

Moylen, William 

O'Neil, William 

Phillips. Cornelius Y. 

Pfordt. Jacob 

Prain, Leonard R 

Perrine, David 

Peck, Nathaniel 

Richardson, James. . . 

Richardson, John 

Richardson, Joshua.. 
Rich, Nathaniel W... 
Rusmason, Nelson... 

Rishel, Daniel L 

Rohler, Cornelius 

Shearer, Daniel 

Sprader, Charles . — 

Stinecipher, T. H 

Tegar or Yeagar,John 
Umphreys, Albert, R 
VanBuren, George E. 

Weldon, Sidney 

Williamson, Ernest.. 
Wendecker, William.. 

Whalen, Michael 

William, Thomas j 



Fulton 

Rock Run... 

Freeport 

Buckeye 

Chicago 



Rock Run... 

Saratoga 

Winslow 

Silver Creek. 

Freeport 

Oneco 

Fulton 

Florence 

Oneco 

Buckeye 

Cherry Grv'e 

Palmyra 

Buckeye 

Palmyra 

Chicago 

Detroit. Mich 

Buckeye 

Lee 

Buckeye 

Smallwood.. 
Cedarville. . . 
Winslow 



Dec. 29,63 
Feb. 27,65 
Jan.25, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 6, 64 
Oct. 3, 64 
Feb. 22,64 
Mar. 2,65 
Mar. 9. 65 
Mar. 29,65 
Feb. 3, 65 
Mar. 4, 65 
Dec.31.63 
Mar.11,65 



Dec. 30,63 
Oct. 3, 64 
Oct.ll. 64 
Feb. 6, 65 



Jan.l7, 65 



Feb. 6, 65 
Jan. 4, 64 



Dec. 29,63 
Oct. 15, 64 
Mar. 9, 65 



Winslow 



Calumet. 
Lena 



Feb. 13,65 
Dec.l, 63 



Chicago... 
Rock Run. 
Middleton. 
Freeport . . 

Dakota 

Freeport . . 

Lena 

Chicago... 
Dakota — 
Chicago . . . 
Freeport . . 



Oct. 7, 64. 
Jan.31, 65 
Feb. 26,64 
Jan.24, 65 

Jan. 5, 64 
Dec. 7, 63 
Aug.13,64 



Feb. 23,64 
Jan. 5, 64 



Discharged Feb. 8, 1864. 



Mustered out June 18, 1865. . 
Mustered out May 23, 1865. . 
Mustered out June 29, 1865. 
Mustered out May 21, 1865.. 



Mustered out May 21, 1865. 
Mustered out May 23, i865. 



Rejected by Board. 



Rejected by Board 

Mustered out June 8, 1865.. 
Mustered out May 11, 1865- 



Mustered out Mar. 4, 1864. 



146 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



THE MUSICIANS. 



GEORGE W. TROTTER. 



George W. Trotter was born July 1, 1841 ; received a common school 
education and followed farming as an occupation. He entered the service 
Sept. 10, 1861, in Company A, 46th, and was appointed fife major at the 
beginning of the service. He died, March 25, 1866. 

George Trotter was a man of noble character, an ideal soldier, pos- 
sessed of natural abilities and excelled many in his chosen position as a 
musician. He was one of those noble, manly young men that drew to him 
his fellow comrades in arms ; always found at his post of duty, directing 
the musicians in a way that had the effect to bring out the very best and 
efficient service in the army. The 46th boys from the field and staff to the 
most humble private, were proud of their musicians and gave them hearty 
support. George Trotter was loved, respected and admired by the whole 
command and was known by the Division and Brigade comrades and re- 
ceived from them many compliments for the proficiency to which he had 
trained the musicians of the 46th Regimental Band. The parades and 
general reviews by the Corps, Division and Brigade commanders was al- 
ways a day in which the Drum Corps took a conspicuous part, and well and 
faithfully he did his part. It is with pride we always remember our drum- 
mer boys. He gave his life a sacrifice to his country. 

He was laid away in the cemetery near his home at Orangeville, 
mourned by all. 

Tears will come when the heart is sad. 
When the heart and mind hath feelings bad. 
And when lonely thoughts we've had. 

Tears will come. 
But glorious hope, there is a place 
Adorned with every shining grace, 
Where there's a smile on every face 

And tears will never come. 

During the encampment at Dauphin island in the early Spring of 1865, 
a heavy storm arose and a stroke of lightning struck the quarters of the 
drum corps, killing Reuben White and prostrating all others, among 
them Fife Major Geo. Trotter. 



BIOGRAPHY OF DRUMMER THOMAS SLADE. 



Thomas Slade came to the regiment from Morning Sun, Minn., in 
company with about 25 recruits, who came from Minnesota. He was about 
21 years of age and enlisted Oct. 4, 1861, and is recorded in Adj. Generals 



^ta^ 



THOMAS W. SLADE 
Co. K. and Drum Major 46th Regt. 




GEORGE W. TROTTER 
Co. A, and Fife Major 46th Regt. 




SAMUEL MOGLE 
Fifer Co. B. 





GEORGE McLENAHAN ELIAS D. BAKER 

Drummer Co. B. Drummer Co. G. 

PLATE XXVII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 147^ 

Report as from Burlington, Minn. He was a noted drummer from the be- 
ginning and after the discharge of Drum-Major George Black, May 25, 
1862, Slade was appointed Drum Major. He reenlisted and served in this 
position until the end of the service, Jan. 20, 1866. He participated in all 
the campaigns and marches with the regiment and the tap and rattle of his 
drum often quickened the step of the weary, foot-sore comrades at the close 
of the day's march. 

It is reported by drummer Baker that taps have sounded for his dear 
and close comrade Thomas Slade some years ago. He was a genial and 
lovable comrade, who kept his men in discipline, not by force, but by his 
earnest and constant duty in the service. 



GEO. McLENAHAN. 



Geo. McLenahan was born in Dec, 1844, in Center county. Pa. He 
moved to Freeport, 111., with his parents in 1848, and attended school in 
Freeport up to time of the war. Was assigned to duty in early part of 
service as a drummer in the regimental band, where he became well skilled 
as a musician under his leader, Thomas Slade. He enlisted on Sept. 10, 
1861, in Company B, 46th Illinois. Reenlisted and served continuously as 
drummer to the close of the service, Jan. 20, 1866. For his kind and genial 
disposition was a favorite with his comrades. 

He learned the trade of printer in the office of the Freeport Journal, 
later taking the position as foreman in Culver, Page & Hoyne, of Chicago, 
later with the Geo. Morris Pub. Co. About the year 1885 he moved on a fine 
farm 3 miles East of Ashton, Iowa, of which he is the present owner. He 
was married to Miss Celia Withart in 1879. No children were bom to the 
union, but they have one adopted daughter. 



BIOGRAPHY OF SAMUEL MOGLE — FIFER COMPANY B. 



Samuel Mogle was born July 12th, 1845, in Clinton county. Pa., and 
came to Rock Grove, 111., in company with his parents. When old enough 
he was employed on a farm. In Dec, 1863, he enlisted in Company B, 
46th Regiment, and was detailed as fifer in the regimental band. He served 
in this position to the end of his service, Jan. 20, 1866. Participated in the 
Yazoo-Jackson campaign in 1864. In April, 1864, participated in charge of 
Fort Blakely and occupation of Mobile, Alabama. 

After the war he engaged in manufacture of harness, and farmed for 
a while. Was married to Sarah J. Hennich, Jan. 17, 1868. Of this union 
six children were born, four daughters and two sons. His old fife he still 



148 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

has and often uses when called upon to play at public parades and deco- 
ration services. His present residence is Freeport, 111., where he is often 
permitted to meet and greet his old comrades. 

Lost a fife, for which he paid ten dollars, at the battle of Jackson, Miss., 
while retreating from the enemy, returned in the face of the enemy and 
recovered the same, running full speed both ways. He has same fife yet 
and values it very highly. He participated and played for every funeral 
escort of the 46th comrades while in service. 



ELIAS D. BAKER. 



EHas D. Baker was born in Ogle county. 111., Aug. 23, 1843. His 
parents dying when he was quite young, he came to Stephenson county 
and made his home with Harrison Diemer until eighteen years of age, 
Mrs. Diemer being an aunt of his. His occupation was that of a farmer. 
He attended the common schools and one term at select school at Cedarville, 
111., when he enlisted in Company G, 46th 111. Inft., as a private, in Oct., 
1861. He carried a gun until Oct., 1863, when he was detailed to serve in 
the regimental band as fifer. After Fife Major Geo. Trotter was sent home 
sick and in his absence. Baker was acting Fife Major. He was mustered 
out Jan. 20, 1866. 

After arriving home he bought a farm and followed this for ten years, 
after which he moved to Kansas and farmed there twelve years. He then 
moved to Ringgold county, Iowa, where he engaged in the Restaurant 
Ijusiness until 1895. Mr. Baker sold out this business and returned to Illi- 
nois, and bought a farm near Scioto Mills, where he now resides. 

He was married to Miss Jennie Stewart, at Rock City, Illinois, on the 
4th of November, 1869. Five children were born to this union, two girls 
dying in Kansas, three yet living, one son and two daughters. 



BIOGRAPHY OF HERMANN LUDWIG WAGNER. 



Born in the village of Brombach, near Loerrach, in Baden, Germany, 
•on the 29th day of July, 1845, where his father — whom he/ always 
highly respected and honored — was Minister and who, in 1848 — 
'49, on account of his stand for freedom and liberty, was compelled to flee 
with his family, came to America in 1851, settling immediately in Free- 
port, 111., where he founded a German newspaper, the "Anzeiger," which is 
still in existence under the editorship of his son, Wm. H. Wagner. In 
1852, he went back to Germany and brought his family to the new home. 
So Heruiann L. Wagner arrived in America when but a little boy about 7 
years of age. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 149 

On account of their extreme poverty, he, as well as the rest of the 
family was taught to work and learn to give support. In the office of his 
father he learned the printing trade thoroughly from the "Devilship" or 
""apprentiseship" up. 

The love for fatherland and the principles of righteousness and liberty 
being born in him— when the Civil War broke out, the then barely 18 year 
old Hermann — with permission of his parents — enlisted in Company C, 
46th 111. Vol. Inf. He left home with the Company on the 2nd of March, 
1864, with the following words of his beloved father ringing in his ears : 
•"You have taken the responsible duties of a man on your shoulders ; prove 
yourself capable of carrying them and mastering same!" Which he cer- 
tainly did to the full extend of the words, and the great delight, not only 
of his father and mother, but also his brothers and sisters and many rela- 
tives and friends, as he was the only representative of the family and well 
he represented it. 

He served not only his country until Jan., 1866, but his comrades also, 
lending his kind assistance at every possible opportunity, often forgetting 
his own fatigue and wants in order to help one or the other, several times 
€ven throwing away some of his necessary luggage in order to assist a 
worn out or wounded comrade, who would otherwise have fallen by the 
wayside. If one of the boys (as they called each other) was short of 
rations or money, he always shared his own with them. 

He was appointed Corporal of the Company on the 17th of Nov., 1865, 
and given his commission under the hand of Acting Adjutant of the 
Regiment, Wm. P. Hardy, '2nd Lieutenant, and John J. Jones, Brev. Col., 
commanding the Regiment on the 18th of Dec, 1865, at Shrevesport, La. 
(A. G. O. No. 103.) 

After being mustered out, at Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 20, 1866, he re- 
turned to his dear home in Freeport, where he fell into the hands of cupid, 
and in 1837, was bound in wedlock to his then guiding star and only 
future hope. Miss Marie Waldecker, who proved a worthy companion for 
him, she being a spur to his energetic disposition, and ever faithful to the 
duties of a true wife. To their great delight the union was blessed with 
four (4) children, who, with the exception of the youngest (a daughter) 
who died from the effects of a severe attack of diphtheria, when but 2^ 
years of age, still survive him. 

He made several adventures from home to Chicago, where he erected 
printing presses and machinery, etc., Monticello, 111., Rockford, 111., Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa, Omaha, Neb., Galveston, Texas, and elsewhere, with the 
m.ain object in view of bettering himself financially as well as gaining 
practical knowledge, — his beloved wife always accompanying him in spite 
of severe hardship and lending her assistance wherever possible, — but he 
always returned again to Freeport, until in the Fall of 1878, he settled 



150 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

down in Davenport, Iowa, where, after about a year of unsatisfactory 
partnership, he established a printing ofiftce of his own, which, owing to 
his thorough and practical knowledge of the profession, combined with a 
kindness and friendliness for all that came in touch with him, soon 
flourished and grew to a profitable enterprise under the name of "Wag- 
ner's Printery," which was at the time of his untimely death, Feb. 27th, 
1902, one of the best equipped offices in the city, and is still being faith- 
fully conducted and continually increased and enlarged by his surviving 
wife, two sons, Wilhelm F., and Reinhard J., and daughter, Ida F. 
Several years after establishing the office he was encouraged and induced 
by his better half to purchase a building lot and build a home of his own, 
which, through the help of the entire family working in co-operation, was, 
after several years of hard labor, cleared of debt and he was able to begin 
to take life easier, shortly before he was called to his eternal rest and 
robbed of the pleasure of enjoying the reward of perseverance and honest 
toil. But for his refrain from boasting of anything concerning himself, or 
the excellent work which he always aimed to turn out in the most satis- 
factory manner, and succeeded in most instances to be far superior to that 
of his competitors, he would, no doubt, have been better situated financially 
much sooner, but not to his liking. It was undoubtedly a serious draw- 
back that he did not boast of some of the worthy acts and deeds (and 
there were many) which he did. The writer will mention only one which 
narrowly cost him his life. This was the stopping of a fiercely dashing 
team of runaway horses, which deed he never even considered worthy 
mentioning at home or elsewhere, but which was considered by several 
eye witnesses as one of the most dangerous feats one could imagine. 
Naturally the newspapers spoke highly of it, much to his distaste. He 
always disliked to boast or even be boasted of. His broadmindedness and 
kindhearted disposition combined with plain, straight forward habits, won 
him a host of lasting- friends. 

Being a lover of nature and art he was naturally devoted to German 
song and took an active part in singing festivities, (following on the line 
of his father, who was one of the founders of the North Western Saenger- 
bund of America) and was at the time of his death, secretary for the 
Upper Mississippi Saengerbund. 

His death, Febr. 27th, 1902, resulted from a very severe case ofl 
Bronchitis of about two weeks duration. Although he had been sick in 
bed but once in his life, (when quite young with typhoid ifever), he had 
not been himself for a year or two previous to his final summons, and his 
heart seemed weak. Whether this was due to his services in the army 
(as some firmly state) lies undecided in our minds. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. ISl 



FIRST ACTIVE OPERATIONS OF 46th 
WITH THE ENEMY. 



On the 11th day of February, 1862, the regiment left Camp Butler by 
rail, via. Decatur, 111., arriving at Cairo the morning of the 12th, and im- 
mediately embarked on the steamer "Belle Memphis" with orders to pro- 
ceed up the Comberland river and report to Gen. Grant, before Fort 
Donelson, Tenn. After a very pleasant trip in company with the largest 
and most magnificent fleet of steamers ever before seen on the Cumberland 
river, the regiment landed on the west bank of the same on the morning 
of the 14th of February, three miles below Fort Donelson. The men were 
supplied with forty rounds of ammunition each and disembarked. Having 
no teams, nothing but what the men could carry could be taken along. 
Everything else was stored upon the muddy bank and a guard of invalids 
placed over it. A weary march of six miles was made to reach the head- 
quarters of Gen. Grant, to whom Col. Davis reported on the afternoon of 
February 14th. The regiment was assigned -to Gen. Lew Wallace's com- 
mand, but was not ordered to the front until the morning of the 15th of 
February. Having no tents and only a limited supply of blankets and 
rations, the men suffered greatly during the cold and snowy night. It was 
a very rough initation into the soldier's life, and few, indeed, were the 
number who did not wish for a speedy termination of the war and the 
termination of their enlistment. 



CAPTURE OF FORT DONELSON. 



Fort Donelson was garrisoned by a force of from 1500 to 1800 men, 
under command of General Floyd (once Secretary of War under President 
Buchanan), who concentrated his main force upon his left on Friday night 
and placed it under the command of General Pillow, with orders to attack 
McClernand, who commanded the right, early in the morning. General 
Buckner, in the meantime, was to fall on General Wallace, who held the 
centre, and open, if possible, the "Wynn road," that led back to the 
country. Only a small force was left to watch Gen. Smith, who com- 
manded the left of the federal lines, which, resting on the river below the 
Fort, completed our line of investment. 



152 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Friday had been a cold and bleak day and the ground was covered with 
snow, but Saturday dawned damp and cold and the soldiers, as they were 
roused from the wintery couch, moved stiff and shivering to their places in 
the ranks. Seven or eight thousand strong, the enemy moved out of their 
works at daylight and in separate columns, supported by numerous ar- 
tillery, advanced straight on McClernand's encampment. His division con- 
sisted of three brigades, all Illinoisians, with the exception of one Ken- 
tucky and one Wisconsin regiment. The enemy flung themselves forward 
in such masses that our advance regiments had to contend against fearful 
odds. The country around Donelson is broken and hilly and covered with 
timber and brush, made up of hills and ravines, a strange battlefield. 

But little concert of action could be had among the different regiments, 
for the woods swallowed up the contending lines and one could tell only by 
the advancing or receding roar of musketry, or columns of smoke, rising 
above the tree tops, how the battle was progressing. Backward and for- 
ward the contending forces surged through the forest, leaving it strewn 
with the dead and wounded. But suddenly concentrating an overwhelming 
number on a single point, broke through McClernand's lines and threatened 
to sweep the entire field. McAllister's battery, who had served so gallantly 
before this and made havoc with the rebel ranks, had, by ten o'clock, fired 
away 150 rounds of ammunition, and while he was trying to obtain more 
ammunition, a single shot from the enemy passed through three of his 
horses ; a second tore a trail off of one of his guns, while a third smashed a 
wheel of another. With only one gun left he hitched six horses to this and 
endeavored to drag it off the field, but after getting it a little way, it be- 
came mired and was abandoned with the others. Many of the regiments 
were out of ammunition and though they fell back in good order, could do 
nothing to stay the progress of the enemy, who came on with deafening 
yells. The day was apparently lost, but Gen. Wallace sent Col. Cruft with 
a brigade of his division, who reported and took position on the right of 
Gen. McClernand and between him and the advancing enemy. While they 
were maintaining an unequal fight, a portion of one of McClernand's 
brigades gave way. Col. Shackelford, commanding this brigade, was com- 
pelled to fall back and take up a new position. The enemy again came 
on, but was repulsed. Gen. Wallace was yet undecided to move to the 
assistance of McClernand, as Gen. Grant was temporarily absent to confer 
with the gun boats. Wallace was waiting anxiously to render assistance, 
but, as yet, was waiting for orders from Gen. Grant. Col. W. H. L. Wal- 
lace, of the 11th 111. Inf., in reply to Gen. Lew Wallace, in regard to the 
situation, asking of the state of affairs on the field, replied as coolly as 
though he were moving off parade, that the enemy were close behind and 
would attack him soon. These regiments were retreating in order to get a 
new supply of ammunition and halted, and the soldiers coolly filled their 
cartridge boxes under the enemy's fire. With the combined efforts of these 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 153 

commands the rebels were forced to seek the shelter of their breastworks. 
A charge on the works was contemplated by Gen. Grant. A forward move- 
ment was made, which caused the rebels to go to their inner works, which 
left a commanding view of the rebel works, thus the ground was again oc- 
cupied, from which Gen. McClernand was driven early in the engagement, 
and where the guns of McAllister stood, that fell in the hands of the enemy. 
Guns and supports were brought forward and the position made secure 
against any force the enemy could bring against it. From this point the 
whole of the rebel's strong works could be enfiladed. Thus ended the day 
and the cold long night came on, with no cheerful camp fire to light the 
gloom or warm the stiffened limbs of the weary soldiers. In the morning 
the assault, all along the lines, was to be made and as soon as the first 
drum called the soldiers together, though hungry and cold, they swiftly 
closed their ranks on the blood stained snow, while not a heart beat faint. 
At this moment Col. Lauman heard the clear, shrill strains of a bugle 
within the enemy's works, pealing forth neither reveille nor the rally. At- 
tracted by the strange sound he turned his eye thither and lo, a white flag 
was seen waving in the wind. The fort had surrendered. Then went up a 
long shout, which, taken up by regiment after regiment, as the exciting 
news traveled around the line, shook the heavens, till at last it reached the 
division of Wallace on the extreme right, about ready to move forward to 
the assault, and here the 46th 111. gave their grand old cheer, U-N-I-O-N 
forever. — The night before the rebel General.s held a consultation in which 
it was decided that Floyd should hand over the command to Gen. Pillow, 
and he to Buckner, while the former made their escape with a brigade up 
the river. 

About twelve thousand men with all their arms and stores, etc., fell 
into the hands of the Union army. It was a great victory in itself, but im- 
portant chiefly because it broke the rebel line of defense in the center and 
opened the gate to Nashville. 

On the 15th of Feb., in the morning, the 46th was assigned a position 
near the right of the line, where the rebels had the day previous attempted 
to cut their way through and where it was apprehended, they would make 
another attempt. About 4 P. Ml, Feb. 16, Gen. Grant in person directed 
Col. Davis to support a battery that was about to open fire on the enemy. 
No sooner had the regiment taken its position, partially protected from the 
enemy's fire by a low ridge upon which the battery was posted, than the 
enemy opened a most terrific fire to dislodge our battery, which was an- 
noying them very much, wounding three of our men, one mortally. After 
having several horses killed and wounded the battery retired. Soon after 
Col. Davis withdrew the regiment to a more sheltered position, where it re- 
mained until night put a stop to all further work and then marched to its 
bivouac of the preceding night, which proved even more cheerless than 
the first. 



154 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

The regiment continued its march through the rebel works and into the 
town of Dover, where it was at once detailed to guard the immense stores 
left by the enemy upon the landing. Very soon gunboats and transports 
arrived at the landing loaded with troops and supplies, the latter of which 
were very acceptable to our almost famished soldiers. 



THE 46th at DONELSON. 



Statement of Col. Davis. 

Headquarters, 46th 111. Vol., 

Fort Henry, Tenn., March 3, 1862. 

Friend Judsoit : — The Journal of the 26th of Feb. made its welcome 
appearance here today. The boys think you do them injustice in a para- 
graph stating that they were not "in an exposed situation" in the battle of 
Fort Donelson, when, despite the imparalleled heroism and dauntless 
courage of Gen.McClernand's brigade, Saturday morning of the battle, they 
were compelled to give way before the foe's stronger columns ; the regi- 
ment, being in position in the woods near Gen. Grant's headquarters and 
the center of the enemy's works, was ordered to the relief. Promptly and 
with loud cheers they formed into line and marched about the distance of 
a mile and a half, to near the left of the enemy's works, and during the en- 
tire march within half a mile of the intrenchments. With banners flying 
in sight and band and field music playing Yankee Doodle within hearing of 
the enemy, and with as bold and defiant a manner as freemen, marched to 
meet their country's foes. They were placed in position in the front line 
of the Union forces and as skirmishers, finding their way within two 
hundred yards of the enemy's rifle pits and driving back in double quick 
time a squadron of rebel cavalry, who had marched out of the enemy's left 
redoubt. Later in the day, when Gen. Smith was making his brave charge 
against the enemy's right, the regiment was ordered still further to the 
right of our lines to support Dresser's battery, which was ordered to a 
point midway between the enemy's redoubts and the head of the ravine that 
divided them, and not exceeding the distance of one hundred and twenty 
rods from either. In that position the regiment remained amid a shower 
of grape canister and shell from both the redoubts. The fire became so 
furious that the artillery soon retreated, rushing with wild speed down the 
hill, under the brow of which this regiment was in position, breaking 
through the centre of our lines ; this regiment never leaving its position 
until long after the firing ceased, and they were ordered to take their 
former position. 

TJie last cannon fired by the enemy at Fort Donelson was aimed at the 
46th Regiment, and the boys would like to have the man for a comrade, 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 155 

who is so fearless of danger as to go through what they did on that 
memorable Saturday and not think he was in an exposed situation. The 
congratulatory order, given by General Lewis Wlallace, spoke highly and in 
words of praise for the noble part taken by the 46th at the capture of Fort 
Donelson and while serving under his command. 



GEN. WALLACE'S ORDER. 



Headquarters, 3rd Div., U. S. Forces. 

Ft. Henry, Tenn., Feb. 28, 1862. 

Soldiers of the 3rd Division, it was my good fortune to command you 
at the capture of Ft. Donelson. Sickness has kept me from thanking you 
for the patience, endurance, courage and discipline you showed on that oc- 
casion. The country ringing with the glory of that victory, thank you and 
its thanks are indeed precious. You were last to arrive before the fort, but 
it will be long before your deeds there are forgotten. When your gallant 
comrades of the 1st division, having fired their last cartridge, fell back up- 
on you for support you did not fail them. You received them as their 
heroism deserved, you encircled them with your ranks and drove back the 
foe that presumed to follow them, and to you, and to gallant regiments 
from the 2nd division, is due the honor of the last fight on the evening of 
the battle of Saturday, — the re-conquest by the storm of the bloody hill on 
the right — the finishing blow to a victory, which has already purged Ken- 
tucky of treason and restored Tennessee to the confederacy of our fathers. 
All honor to you. Lewis Wallace, Gen. 3rd Div. 



THE MARCH TO FORT HENRY. 



On the 17th of Feb., the regiment was assigned to Gen. Thayer's 
brigade and ordered to proceed to Fort Henry, Tenn. It was provided 
with two 4 mule teams to carry the rations and cooking utensils, 
while the tents and all other baggage was forwarded by boat down the 
Cumberland and up the Tennessee rivers to Fort Henry. The regiment 
arrived at Fort Henry on the afternoon of the 19th of Feb., in a terrible 
rain storm, and through mud indescribable. While at the Fort the regiment 
occupied the log huts or barracks constructed by the Confederates, which 
proved convenient and comfortable. 

On the fifth of march orders were received to proceed by boat up the 
Tennessee river. During that afternoon and night, with great difficulty 
and labor, the baggage, supplies and ammunition were put on board the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 156 

Steamer "Aurora." The water was very high, overflowing the banks and 
fining the bayous, which made it necessary to transport all the baggage to 
the steamer in a few small and miserably constructed boats and dug-outs, 
making it a very tedious as well as laborious operation. 

The regiment embarked on the 6th and started up the river on the 7th. 
After many delays it arrived at Savannah, Tenn., on the 12th. It laid in the 
vicinity of Savannah until the morning of the 18th, when it proceeded up 
the river, arriving at Pittsburg Landing on the same evening. March 19th, 
disembarked and went into camp one and a half miles from the landing, 
the men having to carry the greater part of their tents and baggage to 
camp, for the want of other means of transportation. The trip from Fort 
Henry to Pittsburg Landing, on account of the crowded condition of the 
boat, bad water, and want of proper opportunity for exercise, proved very 
injurious to the health of the regiment. Several died on the way and the 
sick list was largely increased. 

Before leaving Fort Henry the regiment was assigned to the 2nd 
Brigade, 4th Division. The brigade consisted of the 14th, 15th and 46th 
Illinois, and the 25th Indiana Infantry and was commanded by Col. James 
C. Veatch of the latter regiment. The Division was commanded by Brig. 
Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut, of Illinois. The regiment remained quietly in 
camp, drilling and doing camp and picket duty, until the battle of Shiloh, 
on the 6th and 7th of April. On the night of the 4th of April, our camps 
were alarmed and our brigade moved out about two miles to Gen. Sher- 
man's camp, when we were ordered back, being told that it was a false 
alarm. 



FIELD OF OPERATIONS. 



On the 1st of Jan., 1862, Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston was in command 
of all the Confederate forces of Tennessee and Kentucky. His troops occu- 
pied a line of defense extending from Columbus, Ky., through Fort Henry 
and Donelson to Bowling Green, Ky., where Gen. Johnston had his head- 
quarters. 

General H. W. Halleck at that date was commander of the department 
of Missouri, with headquarters at St. Louis, and Gen. D. C. Buell com- 
manded the department of the Ohio, with headquarters at Louisville, Ky. 
The Cumberland river formed the boundary separating these two depart- 
ments. Various plans had been canvassed by Generals Halleck and Buell, 
participated in by the General-in-chief, for an attack on the Confederate 
line. Halleck had asked to have Buell's army transferred to him, or at 
least placed under his command, claiming that without such union and an 
army of at least 60,000 men under one command, it would be impossible to 
break the well established lines of Johnston. Before such union could be 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 157 

effected and before Gen. Halleck had received a reply to his request, Gen. 
Grant asked for and received permission to attack the line at Fort Henry 
on the Tennessee river. Assisted by the gunboat fleet of Commodore 
Foote, Grant captured Fort Henry on the 6th of Feb., and then moved upon 
FortDonelson, captured that place with 15,000 persons on the 16th. The loss 
of these Forts broke Gen. Johnston's line at its center and compelled him 
to evacuate Columbus and Bowling Green, abandon Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky to the Union army and seek a new line of defense on the Memphis 
and Charleston railroad. Gen. Halleck was displeased with Grant, be- 
cause he sent a division of troops into Buell's department at Clarksville. 
This displeasure was increased when he learned that Gen. Grant had gone 
to Nashville for consultation with Gen. Buell. Halleck directed the with- 
drawal of Smith's division from Clarksville, suspended Gen. Grant from 
command and ordered him to Fort Henry to await orders. He then placed 
Gen. C. F. Smith in command of all the troops, to proceed up the Ten- 
nessee river and to make an effort to break the Confederate line on the 
Memphis and Charleston railroad at some place near Florence. Gen. 
Smith's advance reached Savannah, Tenn., March 13th, 1862. Having 
determined to make that point his base of operations, he landed the troops 
that accompanied his advance, and sent boats back for supplies and the re- 
mainder of his army. Previous to this time a gunboat fleet had passed up 
the Tennessee river as far as Florence ; at Pittsburg Landing this fleet en- 
countered a small force of Confederates, consisting of the Eighteenth La. 
Inft, Gibson's battery of artillery and some cavalry. The gunboats shelled 
the position and drove away the Confederates. The fleet proceeded to 
Florence, and on its return landed a small party at Pittsburg Landing to 
investigate. They found a dismounted thirty-two pounder gun on the 
river bluff, and about one mile out a hospital with several Confederate sol- 
diers that had been wounded a few days before in the engagement with the 
fleet. A Confederate picket stopped the advance and the party returned to 
the boats. Lieut. Gwin, of the gunboat "Tyler," pointed out to Gen. Sher- 
man the advantages of Pittsburg Landing as one high and dry, with roads 
to Corinth. Gen. Sherman reported these facts to Gen. Smith and asked 
that the place be occupied in force while demonstrations were being made 
against Burnville. In compliance with this request Gen. Hurlbut's division 
was at once dispatched by boats to Pittsburg Landing. Heavy rains and 
high water compelled Gen. Sherman to return to his boats and give up the 
attempt to reach Burnville. Finding no other accessible landing place, he 
dropped down to Pittsburg Landing, where he found Hurlbut's division on 
boats. He was directed to disembark his division and Hurlbut's, and put 
them in camp far enough back to afford room for other divisions of the 
army to encamp near the river. Hurlbut's division formed its camp one 
mile in the rear of Sherman's, near the crossing of Corinth and Hamburg 
and Savannah roads. 



158 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

On March 11, the department of Missouri and Ohio were consolidated 
under the name of the department of Mississippi, and Maj. Gen. Hal- 
leck was assigned to the command, giving him, from that date, the control 
he had sought of, both armies then operating in Tennessee. 

Gen. Smith about this time received an injury to his leg, while stepping 
from a gunboat into a yawl. The injury took such serious form that the 
General was obliged to relinquish command of the troops and Gen. Grant 
was restored to duty and ordered by Gen. Halleck to repair to Savannah 
and take command of the troops in that vicinity. Upon his arrival at Sa- 
vannah, March 17th, Gen. Grant found his army divided, a part on either 
side of the Tennessee river. He at once reported to Gen. Halleck the exact 
situation, and in answer was directed to "destroy the railroad connections at 
Corinth." To carry out this order. Gen. Grant transferred the remainder 
of his army, except a small garrison at Savannah, to the west side of the 
river, concentrating the first, second, fourth and fifth divisions at Pittsburg 
Landing, and the third at Crump's Landing, six miles below. Gen. Mc- 
Clernand, with the first division, formed his camp in the rear of Sherman's 
right brigade. Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, commanding the 2nd Division, en- 
camped to the right of Hurlbut's, between Corinth road and Snake creek. 
A new division, sixth, just organized under Gen. Prentiss, out of new 
troops, went into camp as the regiments arrived between Hilderbrand's and 
Stewart's brigade, of Sherman's division ; its center on the eastern Corinth 
road. Gen. Lew Wallace, commanding the third division, placed his first 
brigade at Crumps, his second brigade at Stoney Lonesome, and his third 
brigade at Adamsville, five miles out on the Purdy road. 

On March 10th, Gen. Halleck wrote Gen. McClellan : "I propose going 
to the Tennessee in a few days to take personal command." Pending his 
arrival at the front his orders to Smith, to Sherman and to Grant were: 
"My instructions not to bring on an engagement must be strictly obeyed," 
but when informed by Gen. Grant that the contemplated attack upon 
Corinth would make a general engagement inevitable, Halleck at once 
ordered, "By all means keep your forces together until you connect with 
Gen. Buell. Don't let the enemy draw you into an engagement now." To 
this Gen. Grant replied : "All troops have been concentrated near Pittsburg 
Landing." The army of the Tennessee, commanded by Maj. Gen. U. S. 
Grant, was, on the 5th day of April, 1862, composed of six divisions, the 
1st commanded by Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand; the 2nd by Brigadier 
Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, the 3d by Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace, the 4th by 
Brigadier S. A. Hurlbut, the 5th by Brigadier Gen. W. T. Sherman, and 
the 6th by Brig. Gen. B. M. Prentiss. By the official returns, April 5, 
1862, there were present for duty in the five divisions of the army of the 
Tennessee and Pittsburg Landing, infantry, artillery and cavalry, officers 
and men, 39,830 ; in the 3rd division at Crump's Landing, officers and men, 
7,564, which would leave 32,266, or as Gen. Grant in his memoirs says, that 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 159 

at no time during the battle on Sunday more than 33,000 effective men 
were engaged, and excluding the panic stricken troops, who fled before they 
fired a shot, there was not a time during Sunday the 6th, when there 
were more than 26,000 men in the battle line engaged. — See Maj. Gen. U. 
S. Grant's 1st volume of his personal Memoirs, page 366. — 

Quotations from Maj. Reed's description of the battle of Shiloh have 
been, as Gen. Grant says, "persistently misunderstood than any other battle 
of the war." It is as common among Confederate soldiers as among 
Union soldiers, and exists equally among the people of the North and the 
people of the South, and is to be accounted for by false and inaccurate re- 
ports of the battle, which were first given to the public by newspaper cor- 
respondents, who obtained their information from stragglers far in the 
rear of the army. These reports were incorporated by some of the 
would-be historians into their books and papers without an inquiry as to 
the truth or falsity of the report. As a result we still read articles which 
reproduce the startling headlines of the newspaper announcing, "The great 
surprise at Shiloh," "The camp of a whole division captured at daylight 
while the men were asleep in their tents ;" "Officers bayonetted in their 
beds," etc. These articles quite frequently assume or assert that these 
statements are true and proceed to moralize on the battle of Shiloh from 
that standpoint. 

The official reports from Union and Confederate officers agree that 
the first shots of the battle of Shiloh were fired at 4:55 o'clock Sunday 
morning in an engagement between pickets of Hardie's corps and a recon- 
noitering party sent out by General Prentiss, and they also show that this 
picket firing was at a point more than one mile in advance of the Union 
camps ; that from that point the Confederate advance was stubbornly re- 
sisted for fully four hours before a camp was captured; that over one 
thousand Union soldiers and at least an equal number of Confederates were 
killed or wounded far in front of the line of camps. While this fierce 
conflict was in progress all the troops upon the field had gotten in line and 
it is absurd to claim that any soldiers remained asleep in tents, or were 
unprepared for battle until 9 o'clock in the morning, while heavy batteries 
of artillery and twenty thousand infantry were engaged for four hours in 
a fierce conflict in front of his camp. Doubtless an earnest effort by those 
in authority might have corrected many errors in regard to Shiloh at the 
time, but there seems to have been a willingness to let the report stand as 
a reflection upon the army of the Tennessee and as an excuse for placing 
its commander in retirement without the privilege of even reviewing the 
report of the battle he had fought and won. The Confederates also had a 
disagreement. Their first newspaper reports were as unreliable and their 
official reports show like evidence of misunderstanding and jealousy. 
Gen. Johnston was killed on the field on Sunday. His version of the plan of 
battle and his purposes could only be given by the members of his staff, who 



160 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

at once claimed that the battle would have been won if it had been pushed 
upon the plan which Gen. Johnston had inaugurated before he was killed. 
Gen. Beauregard, in his report enters upon a defense of his management of 
the battle after Gen. Johnston fell. Subordinates take sides for and against 
their chief with such earnestness that some of the reports take the form 
of personal controversies, which tend to a confused rather than a perfect 
understanding of the battle." 

In order to fairly present these official reports and to show their con- 
nection, months have been spent in their careful study and comparison in 
connection with the accurate topographical maps prepared by the Shiloh 
National Military Park Commission, as well as in actual tests and measure- 
ments upon the field, where each movement had been followed and verified 
until all have been made to harmonize. 

Upon one point, at least, there seems to be no controversy. Up to 
that time Shiloh was the most important battle of the war. No such 
number of men have met upon any other field. No such important results 
had been pending. Its losses on both sides, compared with the number en- 
gaged, show it to have been one of the most, if not the most, sanguinary 
battles of the war. The best blood of the North and South was freely- 
shed as testified by over twenty thousand killed and wounded on that 
fiercely contested field, yet with results so evenly balanced that either side 
could and did claim a victory. 



BATTLE OF SHILOH. 



In order that the readers of history may fully understand, it is well 
to first give the relative positions of the contending armies and their lo- 
cation when this great battle opened Sunday morning, April 6th, 1862. 
The rebel Gen. Johnston, after returning southward through Tennessee, 
moved West toward Memphis and finally concentrated his army at Corinth, 
Miss., near the Tennessee line and ninety-three miles East of Memphis. 
Gen. Grant had moved up the Tennessee with his army and established it 
on the West bank of the river at Pittsburg Landing, where he was to await 
the arrival of Buell's corps, which was crossing the country from Nash- 
ville. When the junction should be effected the entire army was to move 
forward on the rebel camp at Corinth. Gen. Johnston in the meantime con- 
centrated his whole army with intentions of attacking the Union army be- 
fore Buell's army could reach the support of Grant. The water and rail- 
road communications with New Orleans, Mobile and the entire South 
rendered this extremely probable. It came and well nigh proved a fatal 
one. On the 4th of April Johnston moved his entire army forward, in- 
tending to attack Grant on Saturday, the 5th, but the muddy roads impeded 
his progress so that he was unable to do it until Sunday morning. Grant's 
force was disposed in the following manner: From Pittsburg Landing a 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 161 

road leads straight for Corinth twenty-two miles distant; about two miles 
from the river it divides, one fork leading to lower Corinth and the other 
keeping the ridge straight on. A little farther inland a road from Ham- 
burg Landing, a few miles up the river, intersects the former. On the right 
two roads branch off toward Purdy. On and between these several roads, 
from 2 to 5 miles out, lay the Union army. The three divisions of Prentiss, 
Sherman and McClernand were the farthest advanced. Between them and 
the river were Hurlbut's and Smith's, the latter commanded by W. H. L. 
Wallace, Smith being sick. Gen. Lew Wallace's 3rd division, which was at 
Crump's Landing, five miles distant had been promptly ordered up in the 
morning and its arrival would strengthen greatly the right of our extended 
line, but had lost its way and did not arrive in time for first day's battle. 
The army of the Tennessee commanded by Maj. Gen. Grant numbered 
39,830, Sunday; army of the Ohio, Maj. Gen. Buell, 17,918, Monday. Total 
Union force, 57,748. 

The number of Confederate troops engaged in battle April 6th and 
7th, 1862, under command of Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston, which included 
the army corps of Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk, Maj. Gen. Braxton Bragg, 
Maj- Gen. W. H. Hardie and Maj. Gen. J. C. Breckenridge, as shown by 
the records, was as follows : Army of the Mississippi, commanded by Gen. 
Albert Sydney Johnston, 43,968. The above figures in accordance with 
Confederate army reports show the number of enlisted men engaged in 
the battle of Shiloh, April 6th and 7th, 1862, was 43,968. According to the 
custom of enumerating of the Confederate armies in the South, this num- 
ber probably excluded Generals and Staff Officers, army Chaplains, 
Quartermasters, Commissary, Ordinance, Medical, Hospital Nurses and 
Musicians, and all other departments of army service — everybody who did 
not carry a gun or serve a cannon, — which would have increased the above 
report to an army of 50,000. 

Early Sunday morning found the Union scouts well advanced and 
became aware that the enemy were concentrating in force and so reported 
to the army on the advance. Johnston had taken control of the center of 
his army and with his able aids came upon the Union lines with his army 
already in battle line and with such force and spirit and energy, that could 
not be checked for a while. 

Before the battle Grant issued no orders to his troops prior to battle 
except in the event of an attack, but Gen. Johnston issued the following 
inflammatory order: 

Headquarters, Army of the Mississippi, 

Corinth, Miss., April 3, 1862. 

Soldiers of the army of the Mississippi : — I have put you in motion to 
offer battle to the invaders of your country. With the resolution and dis- 
ciplined valor becoming men fighting as you are, for all worth living, or 



162 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

dying for, you can but march to a decisive victory over the agrarian mer- 
cenaries sent to subjugate and despoil you of your liberties, property and 
honor. Remember the precious stake involved. Remember the dependence 
of your mothers, your wifes, your sisters and your children on the result. 
Remember the fair, broad, abounding land, the happy homes and ties that 
will be desolate by your defeat. The eyes and hopes of 8,000,000 of people 
rest upon you, you are expected to shov^r yourselves worthy of your valor 
and lineage; worthy of the women of the South, whose noble devotion in 
this war has never exceeded in any time and with the trust that God is 
with us, your Generals will lead you confidently to the combat, assured of 
success. A. S. Johnston, General Commander. 



The part taken in the battle of Shiloh by the regiment is fully and 
ably set forth in the following reports, viz : 

COLONEL JOHN A. DAVIS' REPORT. 



Headquarters 46th Regt. 111. Vol. Inf. 

Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 8th, 1862. 
Capt. F. W. Fox, 

Asst. Adj't. Gen'l. 2nd Brigade, ith Division. 

Captain: — I have the honor to report to you that, on Sunday morning, 
the 6th inst., at about 7^ o'clock, A. M., the enemy's fire was first heard in 
my camp, whereupon I ordered my men to hold themselves in readiness to 
march at a moment's notice, and in less than five minutes after receiving 
your order my regiment was on the march to the battlefield, reaching there 
between 9 and 10 o'clock, A. M. It took a position ordered by Col. Veatch 
in person. A regiment posted about two hundred yards in front of our line 
gave way under the enemy's fire, and retreated through my line which was 
lying down. As soon as it passed my men rose, dressed their line and im- 
mediately commenced pouring a destructive fire into the enemy. The regi- 
ment posted on our right gave way and the enemy, keeping up a hot fire 
along my whole front and a raking cross fire upon my right flank, killing 
and wounding over one half of my right companies, badly cutting up my 
other companies, eight of my line officers, the Major and color bearer 
wounded, I deemed it my duty, without further orders, to withdraw my 
command, which I did, to a position beyond the brow of a hill, where I 
again formed it by command of Col. Veatch. Finding no support to my 
right or left, I fell back to the foot of the hill, finding the 49th Illinois In- 
fantry, commanded by Lieut. Col. Pease, at whose request I assumed com- 
mand of both regiments and moved them by the right flank and established 
a line of battle on the ground which had been occupied by a portion of 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 163 

Gen. MfcClernand's division, and in front of where Taylor's battery was, 
then planted. The enemy appearing in large force over the ground from' 
which we had just retreated, I was ordered to withdraw my troops, that 
the battery could open fire on the enemy. The 49th 111. Infantry deployed 
to the left and my regiment to the right of the battery. Forming my men, 
again in the rear of a fence fronting the enemy, I ordered them to lay- 
down and prepared to resist any attack the enemy might make upon the.- 
battery. v 

Having succeeded in driving the enemy over the brow of the hill, the 
1st brigade of Sherman's division appeared upon the ground for the pur- 
pose of following up the enemy in their retreat. I joined my command 
upon the left of this brigade and moved up in line to within two hundred 
yards of the enemy, when a brisk and destructive fire opened upon our 
whole line. Planting our colors in front of our line of battle, I ordered my 
command to shelter themselves behind trees and logs as best they could, 
within short range of the enemy, and kept up a constant fire until the regi- 
ment on our right had given away and fallen back across the ravine, when 
I ordered my men to fall back into the ravine, and moving them by the left 
flank I took them out of the range of the enemy's guns. In this last en- 
gagement, Capt. Wm. Young, of Company "G," who had succeeded in ral- 
lying more men after the first engagement than any other Captain, and who 
heroically told me he would stand by me and the colors until the last man 
was killed, fell, shot through the mouth, and was carried from the field. 
Reinforcements now arriving, and my men having been compelled to fall 
back from these two fierce engagements, had become somewhat scattered. 
It being now one o'clock, my ammunition exhausted, having lost my horse 
in the first engagement, and compelled to go on foot the balance of the 
time, and finding myself within a half mile of my regimental encampment, 
I marched my men to it for dinner. Calling my men into line immediately 
after dinner, I formed them on the right of the brigade, commanded by 
Col. C. C. Marsh, at his request, in front of and to the left of my camp, 
where we again met the enemy. A battery on my left leaving under the 
fire of the enemy, the regiments, both on the right and left, fell back, butmy 
line did not waver, and the other regiments were again rallied and stopped 
the advance of the enemy. 

We lay in this position on our arms all night. After breakfast in the 
morning, still retaining my position on the right of Col. Marsh's brigade, 
I moved with him until I reached and went beyond the ground of our last 
engagement of Sunday, when our skirmishers were driven in and some 
confusion arising on the left of our brigade, Col. Marsh ordered the brigade 
to fall back and changing the whole front of his line to the left, he again 
moved the brigade forward. The enemy soon drove in our pickets and we 
found him in strength along the whole line of our front, and when within; 



164 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

two hundred yards the fire opened upon both sides, my men loading and 
firing with the coolness of veterans. Here I had another horse shot from 
under me in the midst of the engagement and while the battle was raging 
with the utmost fury. My men determined that they had fallen back for 
the last time, and while receiving the fire of the enemy and delivering their 
own with the utmost coolness, I was wounded and carried from the field. 
Lieut. Col. Jones reports that my men still stood firm, holding their 
ground, although outflanked, with the colors of the 46th and those of the 
rebels planted within thirty yards of each other and the enemy driven back 
for the last time, when the 46th was ordered, by Gen. Hurlbut in person, 
to their quarters. 

I ought not to close this communication without bearing tribute to the 
gallantry and bravery of my command. Lieut. Col. Jones was with the reg- 
iment throughout all its engagements, and did his duty manfully. Maj. 
Dornblaser, severely wounded in the arm in the early part of the action, 
remained with me until the men were brought off the field and re-formed, 
and did not leave until after a peremptory order from myself to go to his 
quarters. Capt. Musser, of Company "A," while his brave company was 
assailed by overwhelming numbers to the front and right flank, still kept 
his fire pouring upon the enemy and his ranks dressed until himself 
wounded and carried from the field, seven of his men killed and twenty 
wounded in the action. The company held its ground as did all the others 
until ordered to retreat. Capt. Stevens, while bravely keeping his men in 
line to bring them off the field, fell, fatally wounded, the nearest man of 
his company to the rebel line. Capt. Marble, of Company "E," fell while 
brandishing his sword and calling on the Major, begged him to take it, 
saying, "if the rebs get me they shall not get my sword." Capt. McCracken 
received a severe contusion in the first engagement, but kept on duty with 
his company the whole of the two days. Lieuts. Hood, Barr, Arnold, In- 
graham and Howell were all wounded in the first engagement of Sunday 
while manfully doing their duty at their posts. Too much praise cannot be 
awarded to the brave officers and men of the 46th Illinois Infantry, who 
helped to win our signal victory. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

JOHN A. DAVIS, 
Col. Comd'g 46th 111. Vol. Inft'y. ' 



164 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

two hundred yards the fire opened upon both sides, my men loading and 
firing with the coolness of veterans. Here I had another horse shot from 
under me in the midst of the engagement and while the battle was raging 
with the utmost fury. My men determined that they had fallen back for 
the last time, and while receiving the fire of the enemy and delivering their 
own with the utmost coolness, I was wounded and carried from the field. 
Lieut. Col. Jones reports that my men still stood firm, holding their 
ground, although outflanked, with the colors of the 46th and those of the 
rebels planted within thirty yards of each other and the enemy driven back 
for the last time, when the 46th was ordered, by Gen. Hurlbut in person, 
to their quarters. 

I ought not to close this communication without bearing tribute to the 
gallantry and bravery of my command. Lieut. Col. Jones was with the reg- 
iment throughout all its engagements, and did his duty manfully. Maj. 
Dornblaser, severely wounded in the arm in the early part of the action, 
remained with me until the men were brought off the field and re-formed, 
and did not leave until after a peremptory order from myself to go to his 
quarters. Capt. Musser, of Company "A," while his brave company was 
assailed by overwhelming numbers to the front and right flank, still kept 
his fire pouring upon the enemy and his ranks dressed until himself 
wounded and carried from the field, seven of his men killed and twenty 
wounded in the action. The company held its ground as did all the others 
until ordered to retreat. Capt. Stevens, while bravely keeping his men in 
line to bring them off the field, fell, fatally wounded, the nearest man of 
his company to the rebel line. Capt. Marble, of Company "E," fell while 
brandishing his sword and calling on the Major, begged him to take it, 
saying, "if the rebs get me they shall not get my sword." Capt. McCracken 
received a severe contusion in the first engagement, but kept on duty with 
his company the whole of the two days. Lieuts. Hood, Barr, Arnold, In- 
graham and Howell were all wounded in the first engagement of Sunday 
while manfully doing their duty at their posts. Too much praise cannot be 
awarded to the brave officers and men of the 46th Illinois Infantry, who 
helped to win our signal victory. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

JOHN A. DAVIS, 
Col. Comd'g 46th 111. Vol. Inft'y. ' 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 165 

LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED, 

as per Col. John A. Davis' report, prepared by Benj. Domblaser, Major. 
Col. John A. Davis, wounded seriously through right shoulder; Maj. 
Benj. Dornblaser, wounded in left arm and slightly in right elbow. 



COMPANY A. 



Capt. John Musser, wounded, thigh broken, serious ; 2nd Lieut. I. A. 
Arnold, wounded in arm, slightly; Ord. Sergeant Quincy Pollock, in 
breast, serious; 2nd Sergeant Geo. S. Dickey, in leg; 4th Serg't Wm. Rey- 
nolds, arm; Corporal A. M. Fellows, leg and arm; Corp'l Albert Lull, 
thigh; Corp'l Thos. S. Clingman, leg broken; Corp'l H. W. Bolender, leg 
and arm; Private Charles Barrett, leg; Andrew J. Bates, hand; Martin 
Bender, seriously; Hillory Buss, in leg, seriously; George W. Bolender, in 
breast, slightly; Abner Clingman, in arm, slightly; Robert A. Fauver, leg; 
Oscar B. Fowler, thigh, seriously; H. Hollenbeck, leg broken; F. Lefevre, 
in thigh, since dead; J. Mason, leg, slightly; Robert Patton, leg; Frank 
Smith, leg ; Nelson Scovill, side ; John Sheckler, arm ; James M. Van 
Brocklin, head, slightly; Private Robert P. Wilson, face, slightly; Corp'l 
Ami F. Arnold, killed; Private Wm. H. Rodemer, killed; Henry G. Ro- 
gers, killed; John Elliott, killed; John Patton, killed; Hiram Clingman, 
killed; John Hoot, killed; John B. Whistler, killed. 



COMPANY B. 



Private Eugene Kellogg, killed; 2nd Lieut. Thos. J. Hathaway, 
wounded in head, slightly; Ord. Sergeant Wm. J. Reitzell, arm, slightly; 
4th Sergeant Robt. T. Cooper, arm, slightly; Corp. Isaac Kleckner, arm 
shot oflf; Corp. Charles Bowers, mortally, since died; Corp. Thomas B. 
Jones, head, slightly; Corp. Jay W. Barker, arm, slightly; Privates Jacob 
Stottler, in leg, sligthly; John Mallory, in hand; Daniel Lobdell, in arm; 
John Hoy, in arm; W. W. Warner, in leg and arm, serious; George D. 
Sprague, missing. 



COMPANY C. 



Privates, killed — Henry Gibony, Lions Marbeth, John Rebel, John F. 
Marks, A. Knock. Wounded — Sergeant Andreas Olnhausen, seriously; 
Corporal JohannEsch, in head; Privates HeinrichBaggen, in thigh, serious- 
ly; Nicholas Melon, in thigh, seriously; Joseph Bonn, in hand, slightly; 



166 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Frederick Trewent, arm; Frederick Hasselmann, mortally; Johann 
Harberts, shoulder, slightly; Christ Kauner, neck; Marcus Marks, arm; 
Johann Neef, hip; John Oechsly, side; C. Rieckmeier, head; Arnold Ra- 
der, foot; Jacob Steinhauer, foot; Henry Schmaltzhaf, mortally; Adolph 
Wolbrecht, hand, slightly; John Weifenbach, hand, slightly; Gottlieb 
Gressly, missing; Harm Knock, missing. 



COMPANY D. 



Killed — Sergeant Eichelberger ; Privates Samuel Melly, J. B. Sweet, S. 
B. Millard, George Ash, Martin Wales. Wounded — Privates Wm. Win- 
dell, seriously; John Whitney, slightly; David Bixby, slightly; Daniel 
Cromwell, slightly; James Myers, slightly; David Morris, slightly; C. P. 
Rolf, slightly. 



COMPANY E. 



Wounded — Capt. John M. Marble, in thigh; 2nd Lieut. W. A. Plantz, 
slightly; Ord. Sergeant Henry A. Briggs, slightly; Corporal Joseph Boyles, 
slightly; Privates Charles Bardsall, slightly; Peter Gillespie, slightly; 
Gustavus Johnson, slightly; Alex McNeil, slightly. Missing — ^Thomas 
Auner, John W. Correll, David Frazier. 



COMPANY F. 



Wounded — 1st Lieut. J. W. Barr, in back, seriously; 2nd Lieut. Ingra- 
ham, in thigh, seriously; 2nd Sergeant Calvin Crouse, mortally; 3rd Sergt. 
George W. Orman, in leg, slightly; Privates Wm. H. Bryan, mortally; 
Wm. S. Logan, in thigh, seriously; J. W. Brant, in ankle, seriously; James 
M. Knowles, seriously; Wm. H. Littler, seriously; Frederick Sheller, 
seriously; F. M. Lollar, in ankle; George W. Elder, in arm; Benj, Caster, 
missing. 



COMPANY G. 



Killed — Private Geo. D. Beeler. Wounded — Capt. W. Young, in mouth, 
seriously; 1st Lieut. Thos. M. Hood, leg, amputated; 2nd Sergt. James 
W. Steele, slightly; 3rd Sergt. M. J. Cooper, slightly; Color bearer, 4th 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 167 

Sergt. Joseph Stamp, slightly; 2nd Corp. Joseph S. Brown, mortally; 
Corp. David W. Fiscus, in leg; Corp. Reuben Brubaker, in arm; Privates 
Robt. Aikey, mortally; Wm. Brown, slightly; Seth Cable, slightly; Edwin 
Drake, in head, seriously; George Kittner, mortally; Henry Riermyer, 
slightly; John Shively, seriously; Martin Smith, slightly; John Vore, 
slightly; George Benton, missing. 



COMPANY H. 



Capt. John Stevens, leg broken, amputated, died; Sergt. Charles C. 
Mason, killed. Wounded — Sergt. J. F. Murphy, in arm; Corp. E. H. 
Blackman, in head; Corp. Wm. H. Cook, in head; Privates Patrick Daily, 
in leg; Robt. Hardy, in thigh; Andrew Larson, seriously; M. Cook, in 
arm, seriously; Henry Miller, in hand; Privates J. W. V. Quick, seriously; 
John E. Snyder, slightly; George Bellis, in hand; Wm. Talley, in wrist; 
Jacob Wood. Missing— George W. Ware, John Bond, John Mahon, Wm. 
Dunphey, Alex Patterson, James Whalon, Preston R. Hill. 



COMPANY I. 



Killed— 2nd Lieut. Wm. H. Howell; Sergt. J. Collins; Corp. F. Arter; 
Privates Wm. H. Morris, Frank Marcy. Wounded — Wm. Gaylord, serious- 
ly; Robt. Shiflfer, seriously; J. W. Price, seriously; R. N. Clark, slightly; 
A. G. West, seriously; George Anderson, slightly. Missing — C. F. Ben- 
nett, M. R. Burns, P. A. Cosgrove, M. Parker. 



COMPANY K. 



Capt. J. M. McCracken, hip, slightly; Corp. A. L. F. M. Snow, in 
hand; Corp. Yates Gardner, in arm; Privates David Kinsley, slightly; 
Aaron Cramton, severely; Thomas Farley, slightly; John Broad, in foot, 
severe ; Thomas Myron, breast, severe ; Silas Parmlee, chin, slightly ; John 
Curran, foot, slightly; John Birdsell, knee, slightly. Missing — Wm. G. 
Wardwell. 



168 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 168 





RECAPITULATION. 


Wounded. 






Killed. 


Missing. 


Field Officers .... 




2 




Co. A .... 


9 


25 




B .... 


1 


12 


1 


C .... 


5 


20 


2 


D .... 


6 


10 


2 


E .... 




11 


3 


F .... 




12 


1 


G .... 


5 


13 


1 


H .... 


2 


13 


7 


I .... 


5 


6 


4 


K .... 




11 


1 


Total 


33 


135 


22 


Grand Total, 190. 









There is difference of 6 in official report of Col. J. A. Davis, which 
names casualties in round numbers and not giving names at 196. This 
difference can be accounted for. The names of some soldiers, who were 
slightly wounded, were omitted by Gen. Dornblaser, who furnished the 
foregoing list of names. 



LETTER OF THANKS FROM COL. C. C. MARSH. 



Headquarters 2nd Brig., 1st Div., 

April 9th, 1862. 

Dear Sir : — I beg to thank you and the officers and soldiers of the 46th 
Illinois Infantry for their noble conduct during the action of Monday 
morning last, when your lamented Colonel so promptly responded to my 
request to take a position in my command and so gallantly led you in the 
face of the enemy with so fatal a result to himself. My heartfelt sympa- 
thies are with you in your severe loss, and your soldierly conduct shall 
receive a fitting notice in my official report. 

I am, sir. Truly Yours, 

C. C. MARSH, 
Col. 20th 111. Inft., Comd'g Brigade. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



EXTRACT FROM COLONEL VEATCH'S REPORT. 



Headquarters 2nd Brig., 4th Div. 
Pittsburg, Tenn., April 10th, 1862. 
Captain S. D. Atkins, 

A. A. A. Gen' I, ith Division. 

On Sunday morning while most of the troops were at breakfast, heavy- 
firing was heard on our line in a direction southwest from my camp. In 
a few moments the 2d Brigade, consisting of the 14th Illinois Infantry, Col. 
Hall, 15th Illinois Infantry, Lieut. Col. Ellis, 46th Illinois Infantry, Col. 
Davis, and 25th Indiana Infantry, Lieut. Col. Morgan, was formed in line 
and awaiting orders. In a short time Gen. Hurlbut's aid, Lieut. Long^ 
directed me to move forward to support Gen. Sherman, and to take a po- 
sition near a field used for reviews, beyond Col. Rap's headquarters. When 
we reached the field the enemy was pressing rapidly forward toward that 
point. A line of battle was already formed in front of us and a second line 
in the rear of the first was being formed on our right. I had but little time 
to examine the ground, but took the best position that could be found to 
support the troops in front of us. An officer representing himself as acting 
under Gen. Sherman's orders, rode up in great haste and directed me to 
move my Brigade by the right flank and join to the line which was form- 
ing on our right. I executed the movement as directed but it placed the 
right of my Brigade on worse ground than I had chosen, though it had the 
advantage of forming a line of battle of greater length. 

(The order of formation of the 2nd Brigade was from left to right, 25th 
Ind., 14th 111., Battery, 46th 111., 15th 111. In order to give place to Battery 
the left companies of 46th were massed, Co. K in front, Co. G. in rear of 
K, and Co. B in rear of these two companies, which proved to be a very 
great hindrance to the free action of the rear companies, as it endangered 
our own men and caused many to withhold their fire for fear of killing 
their own men.) 

The enemy now opened fire on the troops in front of us which threw 
them into confusion and they broke through the lines of the 15th and 46th 
Illinois Infantry, many of them without returning a fire. At the same time 
the line on the right of this Brigade gave way and left the 15th Illinois In- 
fantry exposed to the whole force of the enemy's fire in front and a raking 
fire from the right. Lieut. Col. Ellis heroically held the ground and re- 
turned the fire with deadly effect. While cheering his men and directing 
their fire, he fell, mortally wounded. Nearly at the same time Major God- 
dard was killed, and the regiment, without field officers, was compelled to 
fall back before overpowering numbers. 

The enemy was moving another heavy column on the point occupied 
by Col. Davis of the 46th Illinois Infantry. The line in front of him broke 



170 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

and rushed through his ranks, throwing them into confusion. As soon as 
these scattered troops had cleared his front he poured in a well directed 
fire upon the enemy, which for a time checked his progress, but it was im- 
possible to hold his position against a force so far superior. Major Dom- 
blaser was severely wounded, a large number of his company officers dis- 
abled and his color guard shot down. Col. Davis seized his colors and 
bore them from the field, presenting a most noted mark for the enemy who 
sent after him a terrific fire as he retired. I directed him to fall back and 
rally his men in the rear of the fresh troops that were then advancing. 



It will not be claiming too much for this Brigade to say, that, but for 
its determined resistance to the enemy, he would have reached the center 
of our camp early in the day. The field officers behaved with gallantry on 
every occasion. 

******** 

Col. Davis, Lieut. Col. Jones and Major Dornblaser of the 46th Illinois 
Infantry, each displayed coolness and courage in resisting the heavy 
columns thrown against them. Major Dornblaser was wounded and com- 
pelled to leave the field early on the first day. Col. Davis was severely 
wounded on the second day while gallantly fighting in Col. Marsh's Brig- 
ade and was carried from the field. Lieut. Col. Jones took command and 
conducted his regiment with skill and courage until the battle closed. 

******** 



JAMES C. VEATCH, 

Colonel Commanding Brigade. 



BRIG. GEN. S. A. HURLBUT'S CONGRATULATORY ORDER. 



The General commanding tenders his heartfelt congratulations to the 
surviving officers and men of his Division, for their magnificent services 
during the two days of struggle which, under the blessing of God, has re- 
sulted in victory. Let the Division remember, that for five hours on Sun- 
day they held, under the most terrific fire, the key point of the left of the 
army and only fell back when outflanked by overwhelming numbers, press- 
ing through points abandoned by our supports. Let them remember, that 
when they fell back it was in order, and that the last line of resistance in 
rear of the heavy guns was formed first by this Division. Let them remem- 
ber, that on the morning of Monday, without food and without sleep, they 
were ordered forward to reinforce the right, and that whenever either 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 171 

Brigade of this Division appeared in the field of action, they were in time 
to support broken flanks and to hold the line. Keep these facts in your 
memory, to hand down to your children when we conquer a peace, and let 
it be the chief pride of every man in the command — as it is of your General 
— that he was at Pittsburg with the Fighting Fourth Division. 

By Order of 

BRIG. GEN. S. A. HURLBUT. 
Smith D. Atkins, 

A. A. A. Gen'l, 4th Division. 



The following lengthy report is given in part in order that readers of 
the history may know more fully the dif¥erent positions assigned the 2nd 
Brigade under Gen. J. C. Veatch, to which the 46th was attached. As will 
be noticed this brigade was sent to different parts of the field and for a 
time separated from the division and again the brigade separated to lend 
assistance to those heavily pressed by the enemy, on other parts of the 
battlefield. 



OFFICIAL REPORT OF GEN. S. A. HURLBUT, COMMANDING 
4th division'. 



Headquarters, Division Army of West Tenn., April 12, 1862. 
Capt. J. A. Rawlins, A. A. General. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report in brief the part taken by my Di- 
vision in the battle of the 6th and 7th of April. 

On Sunday morning, April 6th, about half past seven o'clock, I re- 
ceived a message from Brigadier General Sherman that he was attacked in 
force and heavily upon his left wing. I immediately ordered Col. J. C. 
Veatch, commanding 2nd Brigade, to proceed to the left of Gen. Sherman. 
The Brigade, consisting of the 25th Ind., 14th, 15th and 46th 111., was on 
march in ten minutes; arrived in Gen. Sherman's line rapidly and went 
into action. I must refer to Col. Veatch's report for the particulars of that 
day. Receiving, in a few moments, a pressing request for aid from Briga- 
dier General Prentiss, I took command in person of 1st and 3rJ Brigade 
respectivedy, commanded by Col. N. G. Williams, of the 3rd Iowa, and 
Brigadier General J. G. Lauman. The 1st Brigade consisted of the 3rd Iowa 
28th, 32nd and 41st Illinois ; the 3rd Brigade of the 31st and 44th Indiana, 
17th and 26th Kentucky. In addition I took with me the 1st and 2nd 
Battalions of the 5th Cavalry, Mann's light Battery, four pieces, Ross' 



172 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Battery, 2nd Mich., and Myer's Battery, 13th Ohio. As we drew near 
the rear and left of Gen. Prentiss' line, his regiments, in broken masses, 
drifted through my advance; that gallant ofificer making every effort to 
rally them. 

I formed my line of battle, the 1st Brigade thrown to the point on the 
southerly side of a large open field, the 3rd Brigade continuing the line 
with an obtuse around the other side of the field and extending some 
distance into the brush and timber. Mann's Battery was placed in the 
angle of the lines, Ross' Battery some distance to the left, and the 13th 
Ohio Battery on the right and somewhat advanced in the comer of the 
timber, so as to concentrate the fire upon the open ground in front, and 
waited for the attack. The attack commenced on the 3rd Brigade through 
the thick timber and was met and repulsed by a steady and continuous 
fire, which rolled the enemy back in confusion, after some half hour's 
struggle, leaving many dead and wounded. The glimmer of bayonets on 
the left and front of the 1st Brigade showed a large force gathering and an 
attack was soon made on the 41st 111. and 28th 111., on the left of the 
Brigade, and the 32nd 111. and 3rd Iowa on the right. At the same time a 
strong force of very heavy and gallant troops formed in column, doubled 
on the center and advanced over the open field in front. They were al- 
lowed to approach within four hundred yards, when fire was opened from 
Mann's and Ross' batteries and from the two right regiments of the 1st 
Brigade and the 17th and 23rd Ky., which were thrown forward slight- 
ly, so as to flank the column. Under this withering fire, they vainly at- 
tempted to deploy, but soon broke and fell back under cover, leaving not 
less than one hundred and fifty dead and wounded, as evidence how our 
troops maintained their positfon. 

The attack on the left was also repulsed, but as the ground was covered 
with brush, the loss could not be ascertained. Gen. Prentiss having suc- 
ceeded in rallying a considerable portion of his command, I permitted him 
to pass to the point of the right of my 3rd Brigade, where they redeemed 
their honor by maintaining that line for some time, while ammunition was 
supplied to my regiments. A series of attacks upon the right and left of 
my line were readily repelled, until I was compelled to order Ross' Battery 
to the rear, on account of its loss in men and horses. During all this time- 
Mann's Battery maintained its fire steadily, effectively, with great rapidity, 
under the excellent handling of 1st Lieutenant E. Brotzman. For five 
hours these brigades maintained their position under repeated heavy at- 
tacks and endeavored with their ranks to hold the space between Stewart 
and McClernand, and did check every attempt to penetrate the line; when 
about 3 o'clock, Col. Stewart on my left sent me word that he was driven 
in and that I would be flanked on the left in a few moments. It was 
necessary for me to decide at once to abandon either the right or left. I 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 173 

considered that Prentiss could, with the left of Gen. McClernand's troops, 
probably hold the right and sent him notice to reach out toward the right 
and drop back steadily, parallel with my first brigade, while I rapidly 
moved Gen. Lauman from the right to the left and called up two 20 
pound pieces of Maj. Cavender's Battalion to check the advance of the en- 
emy upon the 1st Brigade. The pieces were taken into action by Dr. 
Cornyn, the Surgeon of the battalion, and Lieut. Edwards, and effectually 
checked the enemy for half an hour, giving me time to draw off my crippled 
artillery and form a new front with the 3rd Brigade. In a few minutes two 
Texas regiments crossed the ridge, separating my line from Stewart's former 
one, while other troops also advanced. Willard's battery was thrown into 
position under command of Lieut. Wood and opened with great effect upon 
the Lone Star flags, until their line of fire was obstructed by the charge of 
the 3rd Brigade, which, after delivering its fire with great steadiness, 
charged full up the hill and drove the enemy three or four hundred yards. 
Perceiving that a heavy force was closing on the left, between my lines and 
the river, while heavy firing continued on the right and front, I ordered the 
lines to fall back. The retreat was made quietly and steadily and in good 
order. I had hoped to make a stand on the line of my camp, but masses of 
the enemy were pressing rapidly on each flank, while their light artillery- 
was closing rapidly in the rear. 

On reaching the 24 pound siege guns in battery near the river, I again 
succeeded in forming a line of battle in rear of guns, and by direction of 
Maj. Gen. Grant assumed command of all troops that came up. Broken 
regiments and disordered battalions came gradually into line upon my di- 
vision. Maj. Cavender posted six of his 20 pound pieces on my right and 
I sent my aid to establish the light artillery, all that could be formed on 
my left. 

Many officers and many men unknown to me, and whom I never de- 
sire to know, fled in confusion through the line. Many gallant soldiers and 
brave officers rallied steadily on the new line. I passed to the right and 
found myself in communication with Gen. Sherman and received his in- 
structions. In a short time the enemy appeared on the crest of the ridge,, 
led by the 18th Louisiana, but were cut to pieces by the steady and mur- 
derous fire of the artillery. Dr. Cornyn again took charge of one of the 
heavy twenty-fours and the line of fire of that gun was the one upon which 
the other pieces concentrated. Gen. Sherman's artillery also was rapidly 
engaged, and after an artillery contest of some duration, the enemy fell 
back. Capt. Gwin, U. S. N., had called upon me by one of his officers to 
mark the place the gun boats might take to open their fire. I advised him 
to take position on the left of my camp ground and open fire as soon as 
our fire was within that line. He did so and from my own observation and 
the statement of prisoners, the fire was most effectual in stopping the ad- 

12 



174 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

vance of the enemy on Sunday afternoon and night. About dark the firing 
ceased, I advanced my division one hundred yards to the front, threw out 
pickets, and officers and men bivouacked in a heavy storm of rain. 

The remnant of my division was reunited, Col. Veatch, with the 2nd' 
Brigade, having joined me about half past 4 P. M. It appears from his re- 
port, which I desire may be taken as part of mine, that, soon after arriving 
on the field of battle in the morning, the line of troops in front broke and 
fled through the lines of the 15th and 46th Illinois without firing a shot and 
left the 15th exposed to a terrible fire, which they gallantly returned. 
Lieut. Col. Ellis and Maj. Goddard were killed here early in the action and 
the regiment fell back. The same misfortune from the yielding of the front 
line threw the 46th 111. into confusion and although the fire was returned 
by the 46th with great spirit, the opposing force drove back the unsupported 
regiment. 

The 25th Ind., and 14th 111. changed front and held their ground on the 
new alignment, until ordered to form on the left of Gen. McClernand's 
command. The 15th and 46th 111. were separated from the brigade, but fell 
into line with Gen. McClernand's right. The battle was sustained in this 
position, the left resting near my headquarters, until the left wing was 
driven in. The 2nd Brigade fell back toward the river and was soon fol- 
lowed by the 1st and 3d, and reunited at the heavy guns. This closes the 
history of Sunday's battle, so far as the Division was concerned. 

April 7, 1862, on Monday morning, about 8 o'clock, my Division was 
formed in line close to the river bank and I obtained a few crackers for 
my men. About 9 A. M., I was ordered by Gen. Grant to move up to the 
support of Gen. McClemand, then engaged near his own camp. With the 
1st Brigade and Mann's Battery, I moved forward under direction of Capt. 
Rowley, Aid-de-Camp, and formed line on the left of Gen. McQernand, 
with whom the brigade and battery remained during the entire day, taking 
their full share in the varied fortunes of that division in the gallant charge 
and the desperate resistance, which checkered the field. I am under great 
obligation to Gen. McClernand for the honorable mention he has personally 
given to my troops and have no doubt that his official report shows the 
same, and as they fought under his immediate eyes, and he was in chief 
command, I leave this to him. The 2nd and 3rd Brigade went into action 
elsewhere and I am compelled to refer to the report of their immediate 
commanders, only saying that the 2nd Brigade, composed of 25th Indiana, 
14th, 15th and 46th 111., led the charge ordered by Gen. Grant, until recalled 
by Maj. Gen. Buell, and that the 3rd Brigade was deeply and fiercely en- 
gaged on the right of Gen. McClemand, successfully stopping a movement 
to flank his right and holding the ground until the firing ceased. About 
one o'clock of that day (Monday), Gen. McCook having closed up with 
Gen. McClernand and the enemy demonstrating in great force on the left, I 
went, by request of Gen. McClernand, to the rear of his line to bring up 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 175 

fresh troops and was engaged in pressing them forward, until the steady- 
advance of Gen. Buell on the extreme left; the firmness of the center and 
the closing in from the right of Gen. Sherman and Wallace, determined the 
success of the day, when I called in my exhausted brigades and led them 
to their camp. 

For the officers of my division, I am at a loss for proper words to ex- 
press my appreciation of their courage and steadiness. Where all did their 
duty so well, I fear to do injustice by specially mentioning any. The fear- 
ful list of killed and wounded officers in my division shows the amount of 
exposure, which they met; while the returns of loss among the privates, 
who fell unnamed, but heroic, without the hope of special mention, shows 
distinctly that the rank and file were animated by as true devotion and as 
firm a courage as their officers. Col. Williams, 3rd Iowa, commanding 1st 
Brigade, was disabled early in action of Sunday by a cannon shot, which 
killed his horse and paralyzed a limb. So great were the casualties among 
officers of the 3rd Iowa on Sunday, that on Monday the regiment went 
into action in command of a 1st Lieutenant. To Col. J. C. Veatch, who 
commanded 2nd Brigade, my thanks are due for the skill with which he 
handled his brigade on detached duty, and I refer to his report for the con- 
duct and special notice of his officers. To Gen. Lauman, commanding 3rd 
Brigade, took command early the day before the battle. I saw him hold 
the right of my line on Sunday with his small body of gallant men, only 
1717 strong, for three hours and then, when changed over to the left, repel 
the attack of twice his force for a full hour of terrible fighting, closing by 
the most gallant and successful charge, which gave him time to draw off 
his force in order and comparative safety. 

My own thanks have been personally tendered to 1st Lieut. E. Brotz- 
man, commanding Mann's Battery, and to his command. This battery 
fought through both days under my personal inspection. It was always 
ready, effective in execution, changing position promptly, when required, 
and officers, men and horses steady in action. 

My thanks are due to my personal Staff. Capt. S. D. Atkins, A. A. A. 
Gen., rose from a sick bed and was with me until I ordered him to the 
rear. He was absent about three hours and returned and remained through 
the battle. 

The loss of the division was heavy : Killed, 308 ; wounded, 1487 ; miss- 
ing, 190. Total, 1985. Loss of Myer's and Ross' batteries: Horses, 124; 
guns and cassions, 4. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. A. HURLBUT, 

Brig. Gen., Commander 4th Division. 



176 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



GENERAL ORDER No. 34. 



Headquarters, District of West Tenn., 

Pittsburg, Tenn., April 10, 1862. 
The General commanding congratulates the troops who gallantly main- 
tained their j)osition, repulsed and routed a numerically superior force of 
the enemy, composed of the flower of the southern army, commanded by 
the ablest Generals, and fought by them with all the desperation of despair. 
In number engaged no such contest ever took place on this continent. In 
importance of results but few such have taken place in the history of the 
world. While congratulating the brave and gallant soldiers it becomes the 
duty of the General commanding to make special notice of the brave 
wounded and killed on the field, while they leave friends and relatives to 
mourn their loss ; they have won a Nation's gratitude and undying laurels 
not to be forgotten by future generations who will enjoy the blessings of 
the best government the sun ever shone upon, preserved by their valor. 
By command of Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant, Com'g., 
John A. Rollins, A. A. Gen. 
Official Francis W. Fox, A. A. A. Gen. 



COL. DAVIS TO HIS MEN. 



On board of steamer John J. Roe, 

Pittsburg Landing, April 12, 1862. 
Officers and soldiers of the 46th Regiment, III. Vol. 

While lying upon a bed of pain and anguish, where, alas, so many of 
our brave comrades now are, I cannot permit myself to leave you without 
dictating words that shall, though feebly, tell you how grateful are my 
feelings for your heroic conduct on the field on the 6th and 7th of April. 
You were called from your quarters to take your places in line of 
battle amid the roar of the enemy's cannon and musketry. You gave three 
cheers for the Union of your fathers, in defense of which you pledged your 
lives, and it was with no faltering steps you marched to where you were 
halted in the face of the advancing enemy. 

The battle raged fiercely, other regiments in front of you gave way and 
passed through your lines, but you remained firm. On came the enemy in 
overwhelming numbers until they met your well directed, steady and con- 
tinued fire, which could only come from brave and well drilled soldiers. 

Your supports on your right had given way, and all the heroes of your 
right companies, who had not fallen, were busy taking those who had 
fallen from the field. Twice had your colors fallen from the hands of 
brave men, and officers and privates were falling so fast that it seemed you 
were to be decimated; but to your everlasting honor be it said, you stood 
firm and fell back only when the order to do so passed along your line. 
You rallied again and forming with the first force were found ready to 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 177 

make another stand, which proved to be the 1st Brigade of Gen. Sher- 
man's Division. You advanced with them until within two hundred yards 
of the advancing enemy and there, for the first time during the day, was 
the enemy brought to a halt. And not without severe loss did you main- 
tain your position until our forces were outflanked on the right by the 
enemy and compelled then to give way ; left you without any support either 
on the right or left. Two such battles are sufficient to make veterans of 
life long soldiers. You fought them during all the forenoon of the 6th, 
supplying yourselves with ammunition and reenforcements. In the afternoon 
you formed in front of and to left of your camp. You composed the solid 
part of the last line which the Union forces could form on the remaining 
ground left you at Pittsburg Landing. When I passed along your line and 
told you that there was no ground to fall back to, and from that point the 
enemy must be driven or we perish in the attempt, you replied that you 
would move from that position as you had moved from others, which you 
had occupied only in obedience to my orders. And while in that position, 
the regiments both on your right and left faltered and fell back in con- 
fusion, you remained firm and never wavered. Through that long and 
rainy night you laid upon your arms without a murmer. When morning 
came and the order passed along the line to move upon the enemy, none 
received it with heartier cheer than did you. 

When the enemy appeared on our front and our lines were formed in po- 
sition to march upon him, by the request of your commander, we were as- 
signed the post of honor on the extreme right. Soon the fire of our forces 
halted the deploying columns of the enemy as they were marching to rein- 
force that part of their army so fiercely assailed by our left. I can only bear 
testimony to your bravery during a part of this, the third great fight in 
which you were engaged during those two days. I can, however, say, that 
no colors were in advance of yours, they being within thirty yards of the 
enemy's column. Already the foeman's lines had been broken and he was 
firing from behind stumps, logs and trees, and when at last I was carried 
from your midst, my ears were saluted and my heart was cheered by your 
shouts of victory, as they were borne along by the breeze. 

Our glorious dead shall, as they deserve, receive the homage and 
gratitude of the lovers of liberty and good government throughout the 
world. Our wounded will receive the sympathy and care of a grateful 
people and you have the proud consciousness of knowing that you assisted 
in winning the hardest fought battle that ever freedom gained over the 
minions of despotism. For a time I must leave you. I do it assured that 
the colors which waved over your heads and mine at Donelson and Pitts- 
burg, no enemy can ever take from you and no act of yours will ever 
tarnish. 

During the two days' fighting at Shiloh, the regiment lost one hundred 
and ninety-six men killed, wounded and missing. 



178 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



CAMP TABLET A-47. 

Markers are in place indicating the several positions, located by the 
Shiloh Park Commission, assisted by Comrades, under the Supervision 
of Major Reed. 



U.S. 
CAMP OF 

46th ILLINOIS INFANTRY, 

VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIGADE, 
HURLBUT'S (4th) DIVISION. 

ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 
Located 1^ miles S. W. of landing. 



First position near Gen. McClernand's Headquarters about 2>^ miles 
southwest of landing and IX miles from camp of 46th. 



U. S. 

46th ILLINOIS 



INFANTRY, 

DIV. 



VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIG., HURLBUT'S 
ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 

First position in line of battle IX miles S. W., near 

McClernand's headquarters. The position of 

Brigade was from left to right. 

25 Ind.— 14 111. Battery. 46 111.— IS 111. 



This Brigade was sent to reinforce McClernand and formed in line 
about 9 a. m. and was soon engaged— and at 10:30 a. m. was compelled 
to fall back to Jones field, where it and 15th supported Barrett's battery. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



179 



No. 152. LOCATION, SOUTHWEST CORNER OF JONES' FIELD. 



U. S. 

46th ILLINOIS INFANTRY, 

VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIG., HURLBUT'S {4th) DIV., 
ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 

This regiment, re-formed here at 11:30 a. m., April 

6 1862, and advanced, fighting, 200 yards. At 

' 1 p m. it retired to camp for ammunition. 



Tablets of this shape are used to indicate positions of Sunday, April 6. 

The color blue is used to indicate positions of the army of the 

Tennessee. 

No 153 LOCATION, ON HAMBURG AND SAVANNAH ROAD, 
NEAR McARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS. 



U. S. 

46th illinoTsTnfantry, 

VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIG., HURLBUT'S (4th) DIV., 
ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 

o 

This regiment occupied this position in McClernand s 

seventh line at 4:30 p. m., April 6, 1862, and 

bivouacked here Sunday night. Uniting 

with balance of Brig, and Division. 



Tablets of this shape are used to indicate positions of Sunday, April 6. 
The color blue is used to indicate positions of the army of the 
Tennessee. 



ISO 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



NUMBER 154. 
LOCATION, NORTHEAST CORNER OF CAVALRY FIELD. 




U. S. 
ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 

46th ILLINOIS INFANTRY, 

VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIGADE, 
HURLBUT'S (4th) DIVISION. 

This regiment, attached temporarily to 

Marsh's command, was in position here 

at 9 a. m., April 7, 1862. 




Oval tablet, color blue, indicates Army of the Tennessee on Monday. 



NUMBER 155. 
LOCATION AT CAMP OF 13th IOWA IN JONES FIELD. 




U. S. 
ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 

46th ILLINOIS INFANTRY, 

VEATCH'S (2nd) BRIGADE, 
HURLBUT'S (4th) DIVISION. 



This regriment, attached temporarily to Marsh's com 
mand, was engaged here at 10 a. m., April 7, 1862. 
It advanced, fighting:, to Woolf field, and as- 
sisted in the general action of the day— see 
Marsh report Vol. 10 W. R. page 133. 




Oval tablets are used to indicate positions on Monday, 
indicate the Army of the Tennessee. 



Blue borders 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 181 

Prior to the battle, Col. Davis obtained sufficient transportation for the 
regiment, it having been in the field nearly two months without the means 
of transporting rations or baggage except what was carried by the men. 

On the 24th of April, the regiment with the Brigade, commenced its 
march upon Corinth, Miss. The first day it marched but four miles and 
went into camp, from which it did not again move until the 30th of April. 
On the 29th of April, Major Hazelton, Paymaster U. S. A., paid the regi- 
ment up to February 28th, being the first pay that it had received since its 
organization. On the 30th of April the old Fourth Division made its 
famous march through Monterey, Tenn. Although the distance made was 
but five miles, it was a very hard day's march, through such a rain storm 
and over such roads as will never be forgotten. The teams with the bag- 
gage and supplies could not get through until the following day. The regi- 
ment went into camp at Pea Ridge, where it remained until the 4th of 
May, when it again advanced a few miles. Skirmishing with the enemy 
now commenced, they disputing our way almost constantly. On the 8th 
of May we advanced two miles toward Corinth, driving the enemy and 
capturing some prisoners and property. On the 9th the rebel pickets were 
pressed back nearly three miles, and on the 10th our camp was taken to the 
front. Our lines were thus advanced from day to day with more or less 
skirmishing until the 14th of May, when the work of throwing up heavy 
lines of earthworks was commenced in good earnest and the siege of Co- 
rinth actually began. 

On the 21st of May another advance was made, and another line of 
works thrown up. On the 27th the 46th Illinois Infantry was sent around 
to the rear of Corinth with a large force of cavalry, on the reconnoissance. 
Near Purdy Church the enemy was encountered by the advance guard of 
cavalry. 

The 46th was at once ordered to the front, one company ("A") was 
deployed as skirmishers and the remainder formed into line as fast as they 
could come up. The enemy soon appeared upon a full charge, but after re- 
ceiving a volly from the skirmishers, turned and fled in great confusion, 
with a loss to them of eight killed and wounded and no loss to us. The ob- 
ject of the expedition having been accomplished, we returned to camp very 
much fatigued by our long and rapid march. The particular object of 
sending one small regiment of infantry on a scout with over three thousand 
cavalry, and when the enemy was encountered, hurrying the infantry for- 
ward on the run to the front, could never be fully comprehended by the 
combined wisdom of the regiment. 

On the 29th our lines were again advanced three fourths of a mile, and 
a line of heavy works thrown up. Early on the morning of the 30th, it was 
discovered that the enemy had evacuated Corinth during the previous day 
and night, thus enabling our army to take peaceable possession of the town. 



182 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

On the 2nd of June we broke camp and marched through Corinth, and 
went into camp six miles West from the town. On the 9th the regiment 
was again paid by Major Phelps, for March and April. On the 10th 
marched fifteen miles to Hatchie river and constructed a bridge across the 
same on the 11th, which had been destroyed by the rebels to retard our 
pursuit. Our march was leisurely continued until Sunday, June 15th, when 
we passed through Grand Junction, Tenn., and went into camp at Cold 
Springs, three miles southwest from Grand Junction. Here the regiment 
did its first drilling since the battle of Shiloh, its music consisting of one 
snare and one bass drum. On the 24th we moved our camp four miles to 
a point two miles West of La Grange. The place of our encampment here 
is known by the regiment as "Collar Bone Hill." 

June 30th, left camp at 2 P. M., and marched twelve miles to old 
"Lamar Church" in the direction of Holly Springs, Miss. July 1st, marched 
to Cold Water creek. It was reported that the rebels had a camp at this 
place, but we found no enemy and went into camp. On the 3rd we had a big 
scare, which brought us into line in a remarkably short space of time. It 
was reported that the enemy were advancing upon us in large force, but 
after making a more cool and accurate reconnoissance it proved a false 
alarm, being one of our own regiments coming in from a scout. 

On the 5th of July, we commenced our return march, having ac- 
complished all that was expected. We returned by the same route we came 
and arrived at La Grange on the 6th. The heat was intense on our return 
march, and water poor and scarce, causing much suffering. A number of 
men in the command were sun-struck. 

On the 17th of July we struck tents and commenced our march to 
Memphis, Tenn., going to Moscow the first day, to Lafayette the second, 
to Germantown the third, to Whites' Station the fourth, and on the fifth 
day, July 21st, to camp two miles South of Memphis, on the east bank of 
the Mississippi River. 

The distance from La Grange to Memphis is fifty miles, and the march 
was made in the hottest weather and over the most dusty roads. The regi- 
ment had been unable to procure new clothes for a long time and its ap- 
pearance, when entering the city of Memphis, called forth anything but com- 
plimentary remarks as to its dress. Several officers had to substitute their 
last pair of drawers for pants. Jew clothing dealers went into ecstacies of 
delight as they saw the ragged column pass in anticipation of large sales 
and larger profits. 

The regiment was engaged in camp and picket duty until August 27th, 
when it went with the Brigade on a scout on the "Pigeon Roost" road 
running southeast from Memphis to Nonconah Creek, six miles from 
Memphis, and encamped. On the 29th went two miles further, the cavalry 
going in advance, capturing some twenty-five prisoners. Returned to camp 
on the 31st, having accomplished but little. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 183 

On the 6th of September, the whole Division started in the direction 
of Brownsville, Tenn., to which place it was supposed we were ordered. 
We had orders to be ready to march at 2, A. M., consequently the men were 
aroused at one o'clock, tents struck and wagons loaded, but the order to 
march did not come until four o'clock P. M. We marched through the 
city and encamped for the night near Wolf river, five miles from Memphis. 
On the 7th, marched sixteen miles through Raleigh and Union Station on 
the M. & C. R. R. Rested on the 8th. September 9th, marched to Big 
Mliddy river, — a very appropriate name — where the bridge had been de- 
stroyed by the rebels. After constructing a crossing so as to enable us to 
resume our march, a messenger arrived with orders for us to proceed to 
Bolivar, Tenn., instead of Brownsville. Hence on the 11th we moved by 
the way of Hampton Station and Danville, and on the 12th through White- 
ville to Pleasant Creek, three miles northeast of Bolivar. On the 14th we 
changed camp, passing through Bolivar to the Hatchie river, two miles 
north of town. We were obliged to change our camp every few days from 
one side of the town to the other until the 24th of September. On the 27th 
of September all the troops of this place were reviewed by Generals Mc- 
Pherson, Veatch and Lauman. They made a very fine appearance. 

While here. Colonel John A. Davis returned to the regiment and was 
very warmly greeted. He had been absent since the battle of Shiloh, suf- 
fering from a severe wound, which still troubled him. 

On the 4th of October, orders were received to proceed towards Co- 
rinth to make a division in favor of our force there, which had been at- 
tacked by Price and Van Dom. When near Matamora, on Hatchie river, 
a large force of rebels were encountered and vigorously attacked by our 
forces, soon driving them across the river, capturing several pieces of ar- 
tillery and a large number of prisoners. The part taken by the 46th Illinois 
in this engagement is fully given in the following report : 



LIEUT. COL. JOHN J. JONES' REPORT. 



Headquarters 46th Ills. Vol. Inft'y. 

Bolivar, Tenn., Oct. 9th, 1862. 
Captain F. W.- Fox, 

A. A. Gen'l 2nd Brig. Ath Division. 
Captain. — At eight o'clock on the morning of the 5th inst., under orders 
from Brig. Gen. Veatch, the 46th Regiment took a position on the right of 
the 2nd Brigade, in the advance to support Bolton's Battery, two miles 
West of the Big Hatchie. After firing shots the Battery took a position 
half a mile in advance, where they opened a galling fire upon the rebels, 
which lasted about three-fourths of an hour, when the word "forward" was 



184 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

given. The men all moved at the word and soon received the melancholy 
intelligence that our loved and gallant Col. Davis was again severely- 
wounded by a canister shot. When I took command and announced this, 
the regiment seemed determined to avenge their loss, and soon an oppor- 
tunity offered, for at this moment the rebels opened their first volly at short 
range, which was received with great coolness by the men until they heard 
the command to fire which they did and charged, driving the rebels over 
and from their batteries to the opposite bank of the river. Here the enemy 
made a stand, and confidently expected to repulse our force, but the word 
was still "forward," and on we marched at double quick, forming in Ime 
over the river. Here Sergeant John E. Hershey, color bearer, fell, 
wounded. Corporal Thomas E. Joiner, of Company "G," true to duty, bore 
both colors across the field and handed one to Priv. James Hobdey, of 
Company "I," who did it honor through the day. At this time Captain F. 
W. Fox, of General Veatch's Staff, took the front and called the 46th to 
follow him, when the regiment charged with cheer after cheer, until the 
field was theirs. In the last line formed, about four o'clock, P. M., the 
brave and generous Lt. Moses R. Thompson fell mortally wounded. I can- 
not close this report without special mention of Assistant Surgeon Benj. H. 
Bradshaw, who, unassisted, took the wounded from amid the ranks, doing 
even more than his duty; also the officers of the line, who were all at their 
posts, fearless of rebel power, and if honor has been won it is due to them 
and their brave men alone. Herewith is a report of the killed and wounded 
of my command. 

Very Respectfully, Your Ob't Serv't, 

JOHN J. JONES, 

Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 



Brig. Gen. Veatch in his report of the battle of the Hatchie, speaks in 
the highest terms of his brigade. He says : 

"The field and staff officers of every regiment appeared to do all that 
could be done to render victory complete. The line officers, so far as their 
conduct came within my notice, did their whole duty, and the men moved 
with steadiness and resolute courage not easily surpassed. The loss in 
killed and wounded embraces many valuable officers. Col. John A. Davis, 
of the 46th Illinois Infantry, fell severely wounded early in the action while 
gallantly leading his regiment in a charge. He has since died of his 
wounds. He was generous, noble and brave, and will be regretted by all 
who knew him." 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 185 



GENERAL VEATCH'S CONGRATULATORY ORDER. 



Headquarters 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 

Bolivar, Tenn., Oct. 9th, 1862. 
General Orders, 
No. 62. 

The General desires to congratulate the troops of his command on the 
brilliant victory of the battle of theHatchie. On no field, since the war began, 
has betterfightingbeen done. The force of the enemy, greatly superior innum- 
bers, were posted in the very strongest positions, and commanded by those 
veteran Generals Van Dorn and Price. You met them, you fought them, 
you drove them, you defeated and routed them, capturing a battery and 
hundreds of prisoners. You compelled them to seek shelter on the east 
side of the Hatchie. Here the 1st Brigade came to your support and with 
Hurlbut's fighting fourth Division united, you drove them again from their 
last stronghold and forced them to a hasty retreat. While we rejoice in 
victory we regret the loss of many brave men. Let us honor the memory 
of our fallen comrades, and transmit to their friends the story of their 
noble deeds. The wounded who survive will carry their battle scars which 
will speak more eloquently for their bravery and daring than words can do. 

A battery of four field pieces captured by this brigade has been en- 
trusted to your care by the Major General commanding the division. These 
pieces, manufactured in rebel workshops, will be made to do service for the 
Union in the hands of Bolton and Burnap. 

Officers and men of the 2nd Brigade ! You have the confidence of your 
Generals, and the respect and esteem of all loyal citizens. Let your future 
good conduct maintain the high reputation you have gained. Remember 
that you belong to "Hurlbut's Fighting Fourth Division ;" that what he 
commands you will obey ; what he orders you will execute ; where he leads 
you will follow with full confidence of honor and victory. 

By Order of Brig. Gen. James C. Veatch : 

F. W. Fox, A. A. Gen'l. 



Headquarters, Fourth Div. D. of W. Tenn., 

Bolivar, Tenn., October 8th, 1862. 
General Orders, 
No. 112. 

Officers and soldiers of the Fourth Division: — Comrades in battle! 
partakers of the weary march and the long watches, by your discipline and 
courage the victory has been won ; and the title of the "Fighting Fourth," 
earned at Shiloh, has been burnished with additional splendor on the 
Hatchie. 



186 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

We were ordered on a forlorn hope to the aid of our beleaguered 
brothers in arms at Corinth. The march was arduous — the undertaking 
desperate. My orders were to reach Rosecrans at all hazards and relieve 
him, or perish. 

By the blessing of the God of our fathers and our country, the forces 
which assailed that indomitable garrison at Corinth were scattered and 
broken by their invincible courage before our turn came. But there was 
yet work for the "Old Fourth." 

The heavy mass of the enemy were retreating by the State Line road, 
when, after crossing the Muddy, we met them. Each arm of this division 
gallantly co-operating with the other, Cavalry, Infantry and Artillery — over 
a rough and dangerous country; over hill and through ravines; forest, 
thicket and a desperate enemy made no breach in the serried advance of 
this command. Aided by your brave comrades of the 68th Ohio and 12th 
Mich., from Gen. Ross' command, field after field was swept; position 
after position seized and occupied, until the crowning struggle of the day 
came on for the occupation of the high grounds east of the Hatchie. The 
bridge across that stream was carried at a charging step, the work of the 
artillery was done; that of the infantry commenced in deadly earnest. 

Major General Ord, a stranger to you, but to whom the division by its 
well won reputation was no stranger, and who had hitherto led the ad- 
vance, was struck at the bridge and disabled ; the command then devolved 
upon your old commander. 

By misapprehension of the nature of the country across the Hatchie, a 
large portion of the division had been massed in impracticable ground on 
the right of the road and exposed to a terrific fire of cannister at short 
range That you bore it without the possibility of active return, speaks 
well for your discipline. 

Knowing the ground, I immediately determined to throw out the main 
force to the left, crown the hill-side and flank the enemy. And it is among 
the proudest moments of my life when I remember how promptly the 
several regiments disengaged themselves from their temporary confusion 
and extended to the left, and with what a will they bent themselves to con- 
quer the hill. In twenty minutes all was over, the crest was grained and 
held, the artillery rapidly in. place, and the field of Matamora was won. 
The broken fragments of the Confederate army recoiled before your solid 
advance ; their main line of retreat was cut oflF and their troops forced over 
the broken ground east of the Hatchie. 

Our duty was accomplished. Our wounded, the bloody witnesses to 
the desperation of the fight, were to be cared for; already the victorious 
column of Rosecrans was thundering on their rear. It was my duty to 
bring in the forces that remained to me. 

You have returned to camp. No colors lost, not a man nor a gun 
missing. It is a triumph, and you, and I for you, have a right to be proud. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 187 

With you in this achievement were associated the 68th Ohio and 12th 
Mich, regiments ; — they were worthy to be with you, and their conduct re- 
ceives the praise of their commanding officer. 

And now the necessities of the service remove me from the immediate 
command of the 4th Division. A promotion won by your courage and dis- 
cipline removes me to a larger command. 

I wish you to understand from these, my parting orders, that I know 
full well, that no regiment in my old division desired to be under my com- 
mand when we met at Donelson : the reason why — I know well — but care 
not to tell now. Your respect I conquered at Shiloh, your regard I hope to 
have acquired since. 

Give to the officers, who may succeed me, the same prompt obedience, 
the same steady devotion to duty, and you will make me, wherever I am, 
proud of the high reputation of the 4th Division. 

Remember every man and officer, that I here again publicly acknowl- 
edge, that whatever I may have of military reputation, has been won by 
you, and that I wear it only as coming from you — and that any misconduct 
or want of discipline on your part will grieve your old commander. Re- 
member that I place my honor, as well as your own, in your hands and that 
if I find a difficult place that must be held, I shall call for the 4th. I have 
no fears how you will answer. 

Our dead, our glorious dead! The joy of victory is dimmed when we 
think of them — But they have died as they would wish — died in defence of 
the Union and the laws — died bravely on the red field of battle with their 
unconquered banner over them. Their comrades will avenge them. 

And when at last our victorious flag shall float over the national 
domain reconquered and united, and the weary soldier shall forget his toil 
in the endearments of home, around your firesides and among your children 
and your neighbors, you shall recite as part of your glorious history how 
you swept the rebel hosts, with every advantage of position across the 
Hatchie and crowned the opposing hill with a wall of fire and of steel that 
repelled the chosen troops of Van Dorn and Price. 

Infantry, Artillery, and Cavalry, of the fourth Division — and your well 
deserving companies of the 68th Ohio, and 12th Mich., you have done your 
duty, each in his place, and each at the right time. You have satisfied your 
General, and the country in due time shall know what is due to each of 
you. I bid you, for a while, farewell. — Officers and men, continue to de- 
serve your lofty reputation and then, as heretofore, you will receive the ap- 
probation of your General and strengthen his hand in the performance of 
his duties. 

S. A. HURLBUT, Major General. 



188 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



HURLBUT ON THE HATCHIE. 



Composed soon after the Battle by a Member of the AQth. 
The bright and gladsome sunshine 

O'er Matamora's hills, 
Has ushered in the morning, 

And happy flows the rills 
Through meadows, banks and daisies 

And bright and lovely vales ; 
And silent flows the Hatchie 

'Mid peaceful hills and dales. 

Hark! Hark! the storm is coming — 

It's the cannon's deafening roar, 
Like the burst of Heaven's artillery 

On Hatchie's peaceful shore; 
'Tis brave Bolton and his cavalry 

Pushing forth amid the fray; 
This bright and sunny morning 

Brings a sad and bloody day. 

Like the torrent from the mountain 

Rush the patriot host along, 
"Death to traitors is our watchword," 

From their seried ranks among; 
Comes the sound, "God and our countrj'/' 

From the bravest of the brave ; 
'Tis Veatch : "Remember Shiloh, boys, 

Once more our flag to save !" 

"The gallant Hurlbut to the van. 

Where death supreme does reign ; 
Brave Lauman to the rescue !" — 

The call was not in vain ; 
"Our brave old State remember boys !" 

They dashed upon the foe. 
The day is won ; The traitors run ; 

O'er yonder hill they go. 

Farewell to those brave comrades 

Who fell upon that day. 
Poor Davis, Dodd and Thompson 

In death now silent lay; 
Upon the field of glory. 

By Hatchie's peaceful shore. 
They'll cheer their comrades onward 

To victory, no more. 

Our brave companions slumber 

In the dark and silent grave. 
On Matamora's hill top, 

And where the cypress wave ; 
Here drop the silent tear of grief 

For our brave and glorious dead, 
Who fell upon that bloody field. 

Where the gallant Hurlbut lead. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



After the battle the regiment returned to its camp at Bolivar, Tenn. 
Col. John A. Davis and Lieutenant Moses R. Thompson died of their 
wounds on the 10th of October, and their remains were sent home for burial. 
Both were men of the highest worth and standing at home. Both entered 
the service with the purest motives, and both received their death wounds 
while bravely and nobly fighting at their posts. Their memories will ever 
be kindly cherished. 

On the 3rd of November, the regiment with the brigade, marched to 
La Grange, Tenn., via Grand Junction, and went into the old camp at La 
Grange, where we remained till the 28t"h of November, nothing noteworthy 
occurring excepting a few Grand reviews. We then took up our line of 
march to Holly Springs, Miss., where we arrived on the night of the 29th. 
November 30th marched south toward the Tallehatchie river, and went into 
camp near Waterford, twelve miles south of Holly Springs. The enemy 
abandoned his works on the Tallehatchie and retreated toward Oxford. We 
remained in camp, in an old cornfield, which became extremely muddy dur- 
ing the heavy rains, until the 9th of December, when we changed our camp 
to a fine wood two miles south, where it was almost universally supposed 
we should remain for the winter ; hence, on the 10th, our grounds were put 
in splendid condition, tents pitched in line, chimneys built and our camp 
christened "Camp Hall," when suddenly all our plans were frustrated by an 
order to be ready to march at seven A. M., the next day. December 11th, 
marched twenty miles to Hurricane creek, six miles from Oxford, and the 
next day eleven miles beyond Oxford to the vicinity of Youcona Station 
on the Mississippi Central R. R., where we remained until December 22d, 
when we marched five miles to Taylor's Station on the same road. 

Van Dorn having captured Holly Springs and cut off our communi- 
cation, our forces marched North again on the 28d, through Oxford to 
Hurricane Creek, a distance of seventeen miles and arriving at noon. On 
the 24th the 46th Illinois and 33d Wisconsin Infantry, in command of 
Colonel Moore, left Hurricane Creek in charge of the corps train, arriving 
safe on the north side of the Tallehatchie late on the same night. We re- 
mained in camp until the 26th of December, making Christmas as merry as 
the means at our command would permit, when we moved our camp four 
miles nearer Holly Springs, between Waterford and Wyatt Stations on the 
Mississippi Central Railroad. 

Here the new year of 1863 was duly inaugurated with a feast, the best 
the country could afford, which was our whole dependence, as Uncle Sam's 
commissary had ceased to honor requisitions. The feast consisted of corn 
in all the varieties of style known to experienced camp cooks, except corn 
in the juice. However, the New Year's Day was not the least happy one. 

On the 6th of January we marched to Holly Springs, where we re- 
mained to the 10th, when the 15th and 46th Illinois Infantry were ordered 



13 



190 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

to escort the ammunition train to La Grange, Tenn., at which place we ar- 
rived late on. the night of the 11th of January. Our progress was very 
slow and tedious on account of muddy roads and emaciated condition of 
the mules attached to the train. 

On the 13th of January we marched to Moscow, Tenn., nine miles west 
of La Grange. Remained at Moscow doing guard duty until February oth, 
when we went to La Fayette, Tenn., eight miles West. The garrison at 
Moscow up to this time consisted of the 1st Brigade, 4th Division, and the 
46th and 76th Illinois Infantry of the 2d Brigade, and two batteries. After 
rejoining the brigade at La Fayette and performing similar duties as at 
Moscow until the 9th of March, we marched via Collierville and German- 
town to Memphis, Tenn., arriving at the latter place on the 12th. We went 
into camp on the northeast side of the city, near the fair ground, which 
made quite an extensive as well as beautiful drill ground. 

On the 21st of April the 46th, 14th Illinois Infantry, and 5th Ohio 
Battery were sent out to re-enforce Colonel Bryant of the 12th Wisconsin 
Infantry, who had gone in the direction of Hernando, Miss., with a brigade 
and met the enemy in force near Cold Water. He then moved his whole 
force again three miles south of Hernando and encamped for the night, as 
the cavalry had reported the enemy gone. Colonel Bryant had captured 
and sent to Memphis about seventy prisoners and a large lot of mules and 
horses. April 23rd, commenced our return march to Memphis, where we 
arrived on the 24th, thoroughly drenched by a heavy rain. We met with no 
loss and the troops made the march in good time and in fine order. We 
remained in camp at Memphis until the 13th of May, when we embarked on 
the Steamer "Clara Poe," and left the same evening for Vicksburg, Miss. 
Passed Helena on the morning of the 14th and Napoleon at six o'clock P. 
M., same day. Private Gottlieb Vohmer, Co. "C," fell overboard during 
the night and drowned. As we passed Gaines' Landing, Arkansas, the 
Steamer "Fort Wayne," with the 76th Illinois Infantry on board, was fired 
into by guerillas from the Arkansas shore. Three men were wounded and 
the boat disabled by running foul of some drift wood, breaking the wheel 
and rudder. We reached Young's Point, La., at 8 P. M., May 15th. Dis- 
embarked on the 16th and went into camp near the landing. At eleven 
o'clock A. M., on the 18th, we marched across the point to Bower's Land- 
ing, below Vicksburg, leaving all our tents and baggage at Sherman's 
Landing. On the next day a portion of the brigade embarked and went to 
Grand Gulf, but the 46th and the two batteries belonging to the brigade 
were obliged to await the return of the transport that had taken the other 
troops. Before their return, however, orders were received by us to return 
at once to Sherman's Landing, as General Grant had opened communication 
via the Yazoo river to the troops in the rear of Vicksburg. Arrived at 
Sherman's Landing on the night of the 19th, and at noon on the 20th em- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 191 

barked on the Steamer "Luminary," and proceeded up the Yazoo river to 
Chickasaw Bayou. Disembarked and moved three miles in a southeasterly 
direction across the swamps of the blufif. 

On the 21st of May the balance of the brigade joined us and proceeded 
to the right of Gen. Grant's line about the city. We were at once ordered 
to Snyder's Bluffs on the Yazoo river, ten miles from Vicksburg. Went 
into camp at the Bluffs on the same evening, much disappointed that we 
were not permitted to enter the line of attack. The object of sending us to 
this place was to watch a large Rebel force, said to be advancing to form a 
junction with the Vicksburg garrison. 

On the 24th of May we marched in the direction of Vicksburg on the 
Benton road. The road was extremely dry and dusty and the weather 
very warm, making it a very hard march. On the 25th we marched to the 
extreme left of our lines near the Mississippi river, below Vicksburg, and 
relieved Gen. McArthur's Division. The regiment was detailed for picket 
duty, and during the night one wing was surrounded and one hundred and 
thirteen officers and men captured by the enemy. The particulars of the 
capture are set forth in the following reports, viz. : 



Headquarters, 46th 111. Vol. Infantry. 

In the Field, June 7th, 1863. 
S. P. BouROUiN, A. A. A. General: 

Lieutenant: — In compliance with orders from Division Headquarters, 
with reference to a capture of a portion of the 46th Illinois Infantry, I have 
the honor to report that on the afternoon of the 25th of May, the regiment 
was detailed to relieve the 63rd Illinois Infantry on picket duty. At 4 o'clock 
p. m., the regiment reported at Brigade Headquarters, but owing to un- 
avoidable difficulties the regiment was not fully posted until after 7 o'clock 
p. m. Five companies — a portion of which were captured — were posted by 
Lieut. Col. John J. Jones, of my regiment, under the guidance of the Major 
of the 63rd Illinois Infantry, and upon the same ground in the same manner 
that the 63rd was posted at the time we relieved them, which line extended 
from and near a cotton gin on the Warrenton road westward to a swamp 
which we supposed and had been informed was impassable. The other 
portion of the regiment was posted from the Warrenton road eastward to 
the picket of the 1st Brigade by myself, but owing to the lateness of the 
hour when I arrived at the center of our lines, and having implicit confi- 
dence in the ability and skill of Lieut. Col. Jones and other officers on that 
portion of the line, I deemed it entirely unnecessary to visit it. The first 
alarm occurred at about half past nine o'clock p. m. I heard several sharp 
volleys of musketry. I immediately strengthened the several posts nearest 
the point of alarm, and proceeded in person to the point from whence the 



192 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

alarm came, to discover, if possible, the cause. I had gone but a short 
distance when I discovered a body of troops moving rapidly along a skirt of 
timber towards the river, which proved to be Rebel soldiers. Owing to the 
extended line of pickets, I had only men enough to hold that portion of the 
line east of the Warrenton road. Unable to hear anything from the pickets 
on the west side of the road, and fearing some disaster had befallen them, 
I immediately deployed skirmishers along the Warrenton road, which 
afforded them a full view of the ground between it and the river bluflf, in or- 
der to guard against a flank movement of the enemy with a view to cut us 
off and capture us. At the earliest opportunity, I notified the Brigade com- 
manders, Col. Hall, and Col. McGowan, commanding a brigade in Gen. Mc- 
Arthur's division, who both rendered me prompt assistance. For more full 
and complete particulars, I refer you to the reports of officers of my com- 
mand enclosed herewith. 

As to the degree of vigilance exercised by the officers and men of my 
command, I can only speak of those under my own control, which met with 
my entire approbation, and from the known character of the officers in 
charge of the captured portion of the regiment, with possibly one exception, 
which I have not yet sufficient information to report, I believe the disaster 
to be more attributable to an injudicious posting of the pickets than to a 
lack of vigilance. Very respectfully, Your Ob't Sv't, 

B. DORNBLASER, Col. Comd'g Reg't. 



The remainder of the regiment took a very active part in the siege of 
Vicksburg, from the 25th of May until its surrender on the 4th of July, 
doing picket duty both in the front and rear, digging trenches, etc., etc. 



VICKSBURG CAMPAIGN. 



The difficulties overcome by General Grant and his army to capture 
Vicksburg were many. He attempted first to get below by means of a 
canal dug the year before by General Williams. This proved a failure. 
About seventy miles above Vicksburg and some five miles west of the 
Mississippi river, lies Lake Providence, which empties itself through a 
bayou, fillled with snags, into Swan Lake; this, in turn, sends its water 
southward, through the Tensas river into the last, flowing into the Red 
River, which effects a junction with the Mississippi below Natchez. A 
canal five miles long had to be cut, this also had to be abandoned on ac- 
count of the many difficulties to overcome and on account of the water in 
the rivers lowering. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. I93 

He now made a trial on the east side of the Mississippi about one 
hundred and fifty miles north from Vicksburg, where a little lake, called 
Moon Lake, separated from the river only by a thin strip of land. From 
this lake a narrow stream, called the Yazoo pass, leads into Cold Water 
river, which flows south into the Tallahatchie, that in turn unites with the 
Yazoo. The fleet pressed on through the high water of early Spring 
until they reached the Yazoo. But the Rebels had received information of 
the expedition and erected, near the confluence of the streams, a fort, 
which commanded the channel and yet was so surrounded by bogs that the 
land force could not approach it. This also had to be abandoned. Baffled, 
but not disheartened, Grant now made another attempt to get in the 
rear of the batteries on Haines' Bluff's. About seven miles above where the 
Yazoo enters the Mississippi, Steel's Bayou is connected with the latter 
river. This in turn connects inland north with Black Bayou, Rolling Fork 
and Sunflower river, which in their course wind entirely around Haines' 
Bluff. But this route was found to be full of obstacles and was abandoned. 
The rebels' Sharp Shooters lined the banks of this narrow passage, pre- 
venting working parties from clearing the way. Before the expedition 
reached Sunflower river the peril of being caught there in the forest per- 
manently with his boats was so great that Porter determined to return. 
This resolution was not taken a moment too soon, for if he had pushed on 
a few hours longer he would have been hemmed in beyond release. 
General Grant saw that the last hope of getting in the rear of Vicksburg 
inland from the north was gone. His next move was to run the rebel 
batteries, which lined the river for eight miles ; he at last took the bold and 
apparently rash resolution of running them with his gunboats and trans- 
ports. Preparatory to this the army was marched inland toward New 
Carthage, below Vicksburg on the west side of the river. In this march 
General McClernand led the advance with the eleventh corps. The 
swampy country retarded the march and it was compelled to construct for 
itself a regular military road. Bridges had to be constructed and cordu- 
roy causeways made across the Swamps. The Levee had to be carefully 
guarded lest the enemy cut it and turn the swampy low land into an im- 
passable sea. The army thus worked its toilsome way, till at last it 
reached New Carthage, the goal of its labors, but, alas, it was like an in- 
land sea, for the enemy had succeeded in cutting the levee near it and 
flooded all the intervening country. Cut oflf from this front, McClernand 
resumed his march, striking the river twelve miles further down stream, 
making the whole distance from MilHken's Bend thirty-five miles. All 
the supplies and ordnance stores for the campaign on the other side of the 
river had to be hauled over this miserable road. This being accomplished, 
the next thing was to get the gunboats and transports past the Vicksburg 
batteries. The night of April 16th was fixed upon to make the attempt. It 



194 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

was decided to try with only three transports, the Silver Wave, Forest 
Queen and Henry Clay. The plan was for Porter to move down in single 
file with his eight gunboats and planting them square abreast of the rebel 
batteries, engage them, while the transports, hugging the western shore 
in the rear, covered by the smoke and darkness, were, with all steam on, 
to push swiftly below. A little before midnight the gunboats, one after the 
other drifted out of the bend in which they lay concealed and showing no 
light from their chimneys, moved like great shadows down the noiseless 
current. Nearly an hour passed by and not a sound broke the stillness, 
when suddenly there came a flash followed by a crash that shook the 
shores. Lights danced along the heights of Vicksburg. Soon thunder 
answered thunder and the flash of batteries from land and water sent the 
gloom till the black midnight seemed turned into an element of fire. Still 
the transports hoped to escape in the confusion, when suddenly a huge 
bonfire blazed forth on one of the hills near Vicksburg. The enemy were 
prepared for just such an attempt as this and had collected a vast amount 
of combustibles, which, when lighted, would make the bosom of the Miss- 
issippi in front of the batteries bright as day. The commanders saw that 
the chances were against them and crowded on all steam. Soon a heavy 
shot tore through the timbers of the Forest Queen and then another and 
she drifted unmanageable on the current. A gunboat seeing her distress 
wheeled and took her in tow and passed down the river, greeted at every 
turn of its wheels with shots from the batteries. The Henry Clay was 
struck by a shell, which set her barricade of cotton on fire and she soon 
flamed back to the beacon light on shore. The crew leaped from the 
glowing furnace into their boats and took refuge on the western bank. 
The Silver Wave alone was untouched, bearing seemingly, a charmed life ; 
glided serenely through the horrible tempest till the batteries were passe '. 
The gunboats came safely through, with only one man killed and two 
wounded. Grant resolved, though but one of the three escaped, to run six 
more, slowly towing twelve barges. Volunteers were called for to man the 
boats; immediately enough stepped forward to man the fleet and it had to 
be decided by lot who the lucky ones should be. A young soldier having 
drawn a successful number, was offered one-hundred dollars for a chance, 
which the spirited boy refused. He lives to tell of his share in the daring 
feat. With strange good fortune, the whole fleet, with the exception of the 
Tigress and half the barges, passed in safety. 

The Army was now below Vicksburg, with transports to carry it 
across the river and gunboats to protect it. Here, on the 29th of April, 
the 13th Army Corps was embarked and moved to the front of Grand Gulf, 
a fortified place. The gunboats at once engaged the batteries and, for five 
hours, maintained a fierce fire. General Grant saw, with regret, that the 
post could not be reduced from the water side and that from the position 
of things, no landing could be made nearby to take it from the shore. The 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 195 

transports were ordered back to Hard Times, and disembarking his troopSj- 
resumed his march down the river. At night the gunboats again engaged 
the batteries and under cover of the fire the transports ran past them, 
suffering little damage. Grant's march through the forest had been unseen- 
by the enemy and the next day the army was ferried across the river tO' 
the eastern shore. The work he had assigned himself had only just beguB. 
He landed at Bruinsburg and immediately pushed forward McClernand's 
corps to Port Gibson. Here a sharp contest with the enemy resulting in 
the capture of three cannons ; the three divisions of Hovey, Carr and Smith 
on the right, while Osterhouse advanced against the left. The latter was 
hard pressed by the enemy, but was reinforced by Logan's division. He 
ordered a charge and led in person ; fell in such a fury on the Rebel line, 
that it was shattered into fragments and fell back in disorder. Three can- 
nons were captured in this brilliant charge. The three divisions on the 
flank steadily forced the enemy back all day toward Port Gibson, until 
darkness closed the conflict. The loss to the Union army was some eight 
hundred and fifty, while we took a thousand prisoners and five cannons. 
In the morning it was found that the enemy had retreated across Eayou 
Pierre. McPherson crossed his division on a floating bridge. Grant was 
now in the rear of Grand Gulf and, hearing of its evacuation, established 
it as a base of supplies for his Army from Bruinsburg. Sherman, with the 
15th Corps, made a feint on Haines' Bluff, in order to keep the enemy from 
sending troops to Grand Gulf. Sherman, having accomplished his object, 
reembarked his corps and pressed on after Grant from Milliken's Bend. 

To wait till the enemy, by various railroads, could concentrate an im- 
mense force against him, would render his defeat almost certain ; to ad- 
vance, without a base of supplies fully established, was equally hazardous. 
With characteristic boldness, he decided to push forward, relying on the 
country for forage and supplies. His blows fell rapidly and terribly, as he 
advanced and, with the daring of a Napoleon, he determined to enact 
again that great chieftain's Italian campaign. Delay was defeat — a single 
severe repulse and the campaign would be ended. McPherson struck off 
to the Northeast, while Sherman, who had arrived, and McClernand kept 
along the Black river, the three corps in supporting distance of each other. 
Grant all the while made demonstrations as if about to cross the Black 
river and move directly to the rear of Vick.sburg, which so confused Pem- 
berton that he dared not march out to join the forces at Jackson. 

With the whole army in motion, Grant pushed his way with vigor and 
great earnestness; his Generals all in trained discipline to co-operate with 
their leader. On the 13th of May, the rain fell in torrents and continued 
till noon the next day, rendering the roads muddy and slippery. After two 
successful battles, swept on and closely invested Vicksburg, the strongly 
fortified city in the rear. May 19 ; received their supplies from the base OB 
the Yazoo, established by Porter. After a brief rest. Grant began the siege 



196 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

of Vicksburg. Sherman had taken possession of the Walnut Hills, near 
Chickasaw Bayou, cutting off a Confederate force at Haines' Bluff, while 
McClernand advanced to the left and took position on Mount Albans, so as 
to cover the roads leading out of the city. Porter, with his fleet of gun- 
boats, was lying in the Mississippi above Vicksburg and was preparing the 
way for a successful siege, which Grant begun with Sherman on the right, 
McPherson in the center and McClernand on the left. Grant was holding 
a line about 20 miles in extent from the Yazoo to the Mississippi at 
Warrenton. 

He prepared to storm the batteries on the day after the arrival of the 
troops. It was begun by Sherman's Corps in the afternoon of May 19th, 
Blair's division taking the lead. After a severe struggle, the Union forces 
were repulsed. On the 22nd of May, Porter assisted in another attack. 
All night of the 21st and 22nd, Porter kept six mortars playing upon the 
city and works and sent three gunboats to shell the batteries. It was a 
fearful night for Vicksburg. At 10 A. M., on the 22nd, Grant's whole line 
moved to the attack. Blair's division led the van, and very soon there 
was a general battle. At two different points the right was repulsed. 
Finally McClernand, on the left, sent word that he held two captured 
forts. Then another charge was made by Sherman's troops, but without 
success. The center, under McPherson, met with no better success, and 
with heavy losses McClernand could not hold all that he had won. The 
loss to Grant's army was about 3000 men. 

After this the general siege was commenced. The beleaguered garrison 
had only about 15,000 effective men, out of a 30,000 within the lines, and 
ration only for a month. Reenforcement had arrived, swelling the Union 
army to nearly 70,000. Porter kept up a continuous bombardment for forty 
days, during which time he fired 7000 mortar shells, and the gunboats 4500 
shells. Grant drew his lines closer and closer ; he kept up a bombardment 
day and night. The inhabitants had dug caves in the clay hills on which 
the city stands. In these the families lived day and night, and in these 
children were born. Famine attacked the inhabitants and mule meat made 
a savory mess. As June wore on, Grant pressed the siege with vigor. 
Johnston tried to help Pemberton, but could not. 

Grant proceeded to mine under the Rebel works to blow them up. On 
June 25th, a mine under Fort Hill was exploded with terrible effect, mak- 
ing a great breach, at which a fierce struggle took place. Other mines 
were ready to be fired and Pemberton lost hope. For forty-five days he 
had been engaged in a brave struggle and saw nothing but submission in 
the end. On the morning of July 3rd, he raised a white flag ; that after- 
noon Grant and Pemberton met under an oak near the center on the east 
and arranged terms of surrender, and at 10 A. M., July 4, 1863, the Con- 
federates began to march out of the lines as prisoners of war. At the same 
time there was a great victory at Gettysburg, and July 4, 1863, was the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 197 

turning point in the civil war. In the battles from Port Gibson, Grant's 
loss was 9853, of whom 1223 were killed. In these engagements he had 
made 37,000 prisoners and the Confederates had besides lost 10,000 killed 
and wounded. Two days before the surrender a Vicksburg paper, printed on 
wall paper, ridiculed a reported assurance of Grant, that he should dine 
in the city on July 4, saying Ulysses must first get into the city before he 
dined in it. The same paper eulogized the luxury of mule meat and fricas- 
seed kitten. 

The 4th of July will be kept in sacred remembrance by all who took 
part in the famous siege of Vicksburg. 

On the afternoon of July 4th, orders were received to keep our men in 
camp and prepare for a march. Next morning the Division left camp and 
proceeded to Clear Creek, twelve miles east of Vicksburg on the Vicksburg 
and Jackson railroad. The day was extremely warm and the roads very 
dusty. July 6th, marched through Edward's Station to near Bolton's 
Station, twenty miles. We marched part of the night until a rainstorm 
made the roads impassable, which with the extreme darkness, rendered 
further progress out of the question. The only shelter we had from the 
driving storm was a rail fence, which afforded both warmth and shelter. 
July 7th, marched three miles and encamped until dusk, then resumed our 
march in the rear of the corps train until twelve o'clock and bivouacked un- 
til morning. July 8th, marched to Clinton, and on the 9th the brigade was 
detailed to guard the train to Jackson, Miss. • Marched six miles and parked 
the train on Dickson's plantation, where we remained in charge of the 
train until the afternoon of the 12th, when we were ordered to proceed to 
Jackson and report for orders to Gen. A. P. Hovey, Gen. Lauman having 
been relieved of the command of the 4th Division after making his dis- 
astrous charge upon the enemy's works. 

The 46th Illinois Infantry was posted on the extreme right of the line, 
near Pearl river, south of Jackson. Earth works were thrown up in front 
of the regiment and a battery placed in position to command both front and 
flank. Our 4th Division was temporarily assigned to the 12th Division, 18th 
Army Corps, commanded by Gen. A. P. Hovey. The siege was actively 
carried on from the 12th to the 16th of July, when the enemy evacuated the 
place. The regiment did its full share of the work. 



COL. HALL'S REPORT OF THE SECOND BRIGADE. 



Headquarters 4th Brigade 12th Division. 
Captain Philips: Jackson, Miss., July, 1863. 

A. A. Gen'l., 12th Division, 13ih Army Corps. 
Captains--1 have the honor to report to you the part taken by my com- 
mand, consisting of the 14th, 15th, 46th and 76th Illinois Infantry, Co. 



198 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

"K," 2nd Illinois Artillery, and 4th Ohio Battery, before the fortified city 
of Jackson. 

Late on the p. m. of the 12th instant, whilst encamped at Dickson's plan- 
tation five miles west of Jackson, I received orders from Major General E. 
O. C. Ord, commanding 13th Army Corps, directing me to report to Brig. 
Gen. A. P. Hovey, commanding 12th Division 13th Army Corps, for orders, 
which orders I obeyed as speedily as possible, arriving at Gen. Hovey's 
Headquarters at nine o'clock p. m. At 4 o'clock a. m., I put the column in 
motion and took a position on a ridge on the east side of the New Orleans 
and Jackson railroad, which position we immediately proceeded to entrench 
and put in the best possible state of defense. 

On the morning of the 15th, I was ordered by Gen. Hovey to send scouts 
from my right east to Pearl river, which duty was performed by 2nd 
Leut. Reed and six men from company "I," 15th Illinois Infantry, in a 
very able and satisfactory manner, finding the enemy in force on the east 
side, with one company on the west side as pickets. After making known 
to Gen. Hovey the disposition of the enemy's force, I was ordered to take 
the 15th, 46th and 76th Illinois Infantry and make a rapid move on the 
enemy at the river. The move was made with great rapidity, but not 
sufficiently so as to overtake the enemy. We reached the river just in time 
to see the last of their pickets pass out of sight on the opposite bank. 
On the morning of the 16th it became apparent to some of the officers of 
my command that the enemy was evacuating Jackson, which fact I at 
once communicated to Gen. Hovey, it being the first intimation he had of it. 

The spirit manifested by both officers and men during the short siege 
was highly commendable, obeying with alacrity every order, and executing 
the work assigned them with zeal and enthusiasm. To Col. B. Dorn- 
blaser and Capt. R. P. McKnight, A. A. G. of this Brigade, I am particu- 
larly indebted for valuable information obtained by reconnoitering the ene- 
my's works. 

Respectfully your Obedient Servant, 

CYRUS HALL. 
Colonel Commanding Brigade. 



On the night of the 16th of July, the rebels evacuated the town and 
retreated rapidly toward Meridian, leaving us to take quiet possession on 
the 17th. After pursuing the enemy and destroying the railroad and other 
public property in and about Jackson, the troops commenced their return 
march on the 21st, via Raymond and Big Black Bridge to Vicksburg, 
where we arrived at one P. M. on the 23rd, having marched over fifty miles 
in two days and a half, through terrible heat and dust. 

The division was again detached from the 12th Division, and placed 
in command of Brig. Gen. M. M. Crocker, and soon after transferred to the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 199 

17th Army Corps by General Orders No. 214, Department Headquarters. 
August 11th, 1863, embarked on Steamer "Rocket," and left on the morn- 
ing on the r2th for Natchez, Miss., where we arrived the next morning. 
The regiment at once disembarked and went into camp one and a -half 
miles from the city, northeast, where it remained doing camp and garrison 
duty until September 1st. when it started out with the division on an expe- 
dition into Louisiana. The followng is a report of the same : 



REPORT OF EXPEDITION INTO LOUISIANA. 



Headquarters 46th 111. Inft'y Vols. 

Natchez, Miss., Sept. 8th, 1863. 
Captuhi R. P. McKnight, 
A. A. Gen'l. '2nd Brig, ith Div. 11th Army Corps. 

Captain : — I have the honor to report that the regiment left this camp 
at 12 M. September 1st, and marched with the Brigade, in the place assign- 
ed it by your order, to the Mississippi river at Natchez. Crossed over in 
transports and encamped for the night at Vidalia, La. Early on the 2nd 
it took up its line of march at the Head of the Brigade, and marched six- 
teen miles to the west side of Cross Bayou, going into camp at sundown. 
On the 3rd, inarched to Trinity on the Washita river twelve miles, ar- 
riving there a little past noon. By your order the 46th and 76th Illinois 
Infantry, both under my command, were left at this place to guard the 
trains and fej ly, whilst the balance of the force proceeded to Harrison- 
burg, La. Upon your return on the 5th, the regiment was ordered to 
escort a part of the artillery and brigade train to Cross Bayou, ferry the 
same across and select the camp for the night for the brigade ; all of which 
was safely accomplished by eight o'clock P. M. 

On the 6th the regiment marched with the brigade to Vidalia, crossed 

the river and arrived in this camp at five o'clock P. M. The march was 

made without loss or incident worthy of special note. The officers and 

men of my command acquitted themselves as good soldiers throughout. 

I am, Captain, very Respectfully, 

B. DORNBLASER, 

Col. Commanding Regiment. 



The regiment immediately resumed its usual routine of camp and picket 
duty, interspersed with prize inspections and drills, together with occa- 
sional reviews by our commanding General and distinguished military 
visitors, which made our stay at the beautiful city of Natchez both pleasant 
and profitable. 



200 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIX TH REGIMENT 

On the 10th of November the regiment embarked for Vicksburg, where 
we arrived on the evening of the 11th; disembarked and bivouacked on 
the levee for the night and the next day located our camp near the Vicks- 
burg cemetery. We had to occupy old camps, covered with all kinds of 
filth and rubbish, and only sufficiently large to accommodate a half a regi- 
ment comfortably. However, our stay in this camp, fortunately was 
not of long duration. 

On the 28th of November we moved camp to Camp Cowan, near Clear 
Creek, nine miles from Vicksburg. Here the construction of comfortable 
log barracks was immediately commenced and soon completed, making it one 
of the most pleasant and comfortable camps it had ever been our good for- 
tune to occupy. 

About the time our barracks were completed General Orders No. 191, 
A. G. O., Washington, D. C, relating to re-enlisting Veteran Volunteers 
was received. Vigorous measures were at once adopted by the officers of 
the regiment to re-enlist the same as a veteran regiment. The enlisted men 
came forward with great unanimity and promptness. On the 4th of Janu- 
ary, 1864, three-fourths of the regiment was mustered into the service 
of the United States for three years or during the war, by Lieut. C. W. G. 
Hyde, A. C. M., 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, and on the 10th of January 
Gen. McPherson ordered the regiment to proceed to Vicksburg and em- 
bark on the Steamer "Planet," then awaiting us. 

On the evening of the 11th the regiment was paid by Major Stewart on 
board of the boat, and the next day at nine and a half o'clock a. m., the 
regiment, numbering twenty officers and three hundred and thirty-four 
enlisted men, left Vicksburg for the North to enjoy a thirty days' furlough 
and to fill up the regiment if possible. 

The river as far up as Napoleon, Arkansas, was full of floating ice, 
which greatly impeded our progress. We passed Napoleon at six o'clock 
a. m. on the 15th, Helena at two o'clock and fifteen minutes on the 16th, 
arriving at Memphis on the same evening at nine o'clock. Left Memphis 
on the 17th at six o'clock p. m., and arrived at Cairo, Illinois, on the 20th 
at 11 o'clock a. m. Col. Dornblaser at once telegraphed to Col. Allen C. 
Fuller, Adjutant General, at Springfield, Illinois, who ordered us to pro- 
ceed direct to Freeport, Illinois, as our place of rendezvous. 

By reason of want of railroad transportation, the regiment was obliged 
to remain on the boat until noon of the 22nd, when it proceeded by special 
train on the Illinois Central R. R. to Freeport, Illinois, where it arrived 
at half past twelve o'clock p. m. on the 23rd of January. The citizens of 
Freeport and vicinity gave the regiment a most hearty and enthusiastic 
reception, which will ever be remembered gratefully by every officer and 
soldier of the 46th. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 201 

After marching through some of the principal streets of the city, and 
listening to some eloquent welcoming speeches, the regiment stacked arms 
in the streets and entered Plymouth Hall, where a most sumptuous repast 
awaited them, prepared by the fair ladies of Freeport and vicinity. 
When the boys' appetites were appeased, they again fell into line and 
marched to the barracks on the fair ground one mile west of the city. 
Adjutant Woodbury had gone direct to Springfield from Cairo to procure 
the furlough for the men. He arrived at Freeport on the 26th and on the 
27th the whole regiment was furloughed for thirty days, when it would 
again assemble at Camp Freeport. 

Recruiting stations were established and recruiting officers appointed in 
Lee, Ogle, Whiteside and Stephenson Counties, and the work of filling up 
the regiment vigorously commenced with flattering prospects of success. 

The regiment had thus far made a name for itself of which it felt proud, 
and the noble State in which it in part represents has never been dishonored 
by it. When it again returned to the field with full ranks, it added still 
brighter lustre to its name, and continued as heretofore to be an honor 
to the State. 



I f I 



202 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



PART SECOND. 



From the 27th of January till the 1st of March, the officers and men of 
the regiment vied with each other in laudable efforts to fill up the same. 
The nine old companies were mostly filled up, and Capt. Crane of Freeport, 
Illinois, had recruited and organized a new company ("D,") for the regi- 
ment by authority of the War Department. 

On the 2nd day of March the regiment left Freeport with an aggregate 
of 987 men, and proceeded to Cairo, Illinois, by rail, thence to Vicksburg, 
Miss., by boat ; thence to Camp Hebron, ten miles east from Vicksburg, and 
re-joined the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps. From March 
10th until April 5th, the regiment was vigorously drilled and fitted for 
active service in the field. On the latter date the Brigade marched to Big 
Black Bridge, twelve miles east from Vicksburg, and reported to Brig. 
Gen. E. S. Dennis, commanding. April 25th the regiment moved by rail 
to Vicksburg, and encamped near Battery Ransom, northeast of the city, 
doing garrison duty. May 4th we started on an expedition to Benton and 
Yazoo City, Miss., commanded by Brig. Gen. John McArthur, and returned 
to camp at Vicksburg on the 21st of May. 



REPORT OF THE EXPEDITION. 



Headquarters 1st Brigade Yazoo Expedition, 

Vicksburg, Miss., May 22nd, 1864. 
Captain W. F. Randall: 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

Captain : — I have the honor to submit the following report of the part 
taken by this Brigade in the Yazoo expedition : 

At five o'clock a. m. of the 4th inst., the 1st Brigade, consisting of the 
46th Illinois Infantry, Lieut. Col. John J. Jones commanding, and the 76th 
Illinois Infantry, Col. Samuel T. Busey commanding, left camp and pro- 
ceeded via Jackson road to Hebron, Mechanicsville and Benton, which we 
reached on the 7th. The enemy seemed disposed to dispute our possesion 
of the place. The 1st Brigade marching in the rear was ordered up, leaving 
two companies with the train, and formed by your order in a field east of 
the town and in the rear of the 124th Illinois Infantry of the 2nd Brigade. 
The enemy, however, soon fled before our advance and left our troops in 
quiet possession of the place. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 203 

On the morning of the 8th Gen. McArthur went to Yazoo City to com- 
municate with General Slocum at Vicksburg, leaving me in command 
during his absence. At about two o'clock p. m. of the 9th, a scout reported 
the enemy advancing in a large force on the Lexington road. I at once 
formed my Brigade and Bolton's Battery on that road and requested Col. 
Coats of the 2nd Brigade to form it on the Canton road, which was prompt- 
ly done. Major Mumford with his 5th Illinois Cavalry dismounted, passed 
around my left, deployed as skirmishers and drove the enemy across to the 
old Lexington road, from which a few well directed shots from Bolton's 
Battery drove them pell-mell into the timber beyond the field. Major Cook 
of the 3rd U. S. Cavalry, (colored) with a portion of his command, also 
drove to the shelter of the woods a small force of the enemy who were 
advancing via Pickett's plantation towards the right of my Brigade. 
After posting a strong picket, I ordered the troops to camp. 

On the morning of the 12th, I was ordered by General McArthur to re- 
main at Benton to guard the approaches by the Lexington road with the 1st 
Brigade and one section of Bolton's Battery, whilst he with the other troops 
went to Moore's Ferry, on the Big Black, via the Canton road, on a recon- 
naissance, returning the same day. At five o'clock A. M., on the 13th, the 
expedition started for Vaughan's Station on the Mississippi Central Rail- 
road, the 1st Brigade in the advance. The cavalry advance encountered the 
enemy at Luce's plantation, five miles southeast from Benton. I ordered 
the 76th Illinois forward to support a section of artillery commanded by 

Lieut. Nichols, who, together with a line of skirmishers from the 76th 
Illinois Infantry, drove the enemy from their position. The column then 
moved forward in its regular order of march along the road about one and 
a half miles, when the enemy was again found posted in a strong position 
with three pieces of artillery. I at once pushed my Brigade forward to an 
open field, forming the 76th on the left and the 46th Illinois Infantry on 
the right of the road, throwing forward two companies each as skirmishers, 
while at the same time Lieut. Nichols, with a section of artillery posted on 
the right of the road near the timber, opened a vigorous and well directed 
fire upon the rebels' battery, which was soon silenced and compelled to 
retreat. I then moved forward in a line of battle with skirmishers well 
advanced— expecting to encounter the enemy at any moment— fully a mile 
to the plantation houses where I halted to await orders. The General com- 
manding, finding the enemy gone, permitted the troops to rest and refresh 
themselves after their weary march. 

After a halt of an hour and a half, the column again moved forward to 
within two miles of Vaughan's Station and encamped for the night, the 
enemy making but a feeble resistance to our advance. On the 14th we 
moved via Decenville to Benton, and on the 15th to Yazoo City, where we 



204 HISTORY OF FOR TY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

remained until the morning of the 18th, when we proceeded via Liverpool, 
Sartatia and Haine's Bluffs to camp at Vicksburg, where we arrived at ten 
o'clock a. m., having marched over two hundred miles. 

The only casualty I have to report in my command, is that of Sergeant 
Eells, company "D," 46th Illinois Infantry, who was killed on the morning 
of the 14th while acting as a scout, for which he was well suited, and 
in which capacity he had rendered much valuable service. 

Although the march was a long one and rendered wearisome by the heat 
and dust, but very few complaints were heard, and whenever a fight was 
expected every man was found in his place ready and eager for the fray. 
The officers of this command, including my personal staff, are entitled 
to great praise for the able and prompt discharge of every duty devolving 
upon them. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Very Respectfully, your Obe't Serv't, 

B. DORNBLASER, 

Col. Commanding Brigade. 

The regiment remained quietly in camp, drilling and performing picket 
and camp duty until the 1st of July, when it went out with another expe- 
dition, commanded by Major General Slocum. 



REPORT OF THE JACKSON EXPEDITION. 



Headquarters 2nd Brig. 4th Div., 17th A. C, 
Vicksburg, Miss., July 13, 1864. 
Capt. W. E. Kuhn. 

A. A. A. Gen' I, 1st Div., 17th A. C. 
Captain : — I have the honor to submit the following report of the part 
taken by this Brigade in the late expedition to Jackson, Miss., and return. 
In compliance with orders from Brig. Gen. E. S. Dennis, commanding 
1st Division, the Brigade consisting of the 46th Illinois Infantry, Lieutenant 
Col. Jones commanding, and the 76th Illinois Infantry, Col. Samuel T. 
Busey commanding, left camp at 3 A. M. on the 1st instant, and pro- 
ceeded to Big Black Bridge, where we had to await supplies and the build- 
ing of a pontoon bridge across Big Black. Left Big Black on the morning 
of the third, and reached Clinton on the 4th inst. at noon, meeting with but 
little opposition from the enemy. During the afternoon quite a large force 
of rebels took a position about one and one half miles east of Clinton, on 
the Jackson road, and made several sallies on the pickets. 

Early on the morning of the 5th inst., the enemy was encountered by 
the advance, and driven back to within three and a half miles of Jackson, 
when they made a stand, using several pieces of artillery with great skill 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 205 

and accuracy. The 76th and five companies of the 11th Illinois Infantry 
guarded the train. Col. Coates moved his Brigade by a circuitous route to 
the left to gain the enemy's flank. At the same time, by Gen. Slocum's 
order, I moved the 46th and four pieces of artillery commanded by Lieut. 
Moore, through a thick belt of timber, on the left of the Jackson road, 
thereby gaining a com.manding position, and by a few well directed shots 
from the Battery, drove what was left of the enemy, from the ground. I 
advanced with the force at my command and occupied the Rebel position 
without further opposition. After resting several hours to enable the other 
troops to come up, the Brigade marched into Jackson in splendid order and 
encamped on the south side of the city. 

At four P. M., of the 6th, the troops left Jackson on the same road they 
came; the cavalry in advance followed by this brigade. Near the junction 
of the Clinton and Canton roads, three miles from Jackson, and near where 
the enemy was posted the day before, they were discovered advancing in 
heavy force, evidently with the intention of gaining a position to prevent us 
leaving by this route. Major Mumford, with his cavalry, attacked them 
with great spirit, and held them in check until this Brigade could be brought 
up to his support. Forming the 46th Illinois Infantry on the right of 
the Canton road and the 76th Illinois Infantry on the left, with Lieut. 
Nichols' section of Artillery in the center, I advanced under a heavy fire 
about a half a mile. Here Lieut. Nichols posted his section, supported by the 
76th and opened a vigorous fire upon the enemy ; while the 46th moved for- 
ward and took a position on a hill farther in advance, and within short range 
of the enemy's line. A brisk fire was kept up on both sides until darkness 
closed the work. During the engagement Capt. Clingman of A. Co., 46th 
Illinois Infantry, was severely wounded through the left arm. Lieut. Moore 
made repeated attempts to plant his section of Artillery in advance near the 
46th, but found every prominent point so completely commanded by the 
sharp-shooters that he was compelled reluctantly to withdraw. After 
posting a strong picket, I ordered the brigade back to a less exposed po- 
sition and encamped for the night. 

Next morning at four o'clock, by order of Major Gen. Slocum, I moved 
the brigade across a field in a northwesterly direction to take possession of 
a house held by the enemy on the previous evening, to enable our train to 
pass out on the Clinton road. The leading regiment, the 76th Illinois, had 
advanced but a short distance beyond our position of the previous evening 
when it was brought to a stand by a heavy force of the enemy strongly 
posted in a ditch behind a hedge, from whence they poured into our ranks 
a murderous fire. Finding that the enemy's front extended beyond either 
flank, I formed the 46th on the right of the 76th and advanced a line of 
skirmishers along my whole front. In this position with Lieut. Moore's 
section of Artillery in rear of the 76th Illinois Infantry, the Brigade kept 
the enemy fully engaged over two hours, until the train had safely passed. 



206 HISTORY OF FORTY-S IXTH REGIMENT 

The 8th Illinois Infantry, posted a short distance on the left of this 
brigade, received orders and had moved out to follow the train before I had 
received a similar order, which enabled the enemy to throw a large force on 
our left. The 76th moved off by the left flank under shelter of a rail fence, 
which at the same time concealed the enemy. With great presence of mind, 
Lieut. Col. C. C. Jones, of the 76th Illinois Infantry, ordered his men to fire 
on them as soon as their position was discovered, and drove them back in 
confusion. The 46th changed its front and charged across the field under a 
heavy fire of artillery and musketry to the shelter of the woods, and then 
marched out upon the road to the next hill, where they were again vigor- 
ously shelled by the enemy. The 76th, after repulsing the enemy, moved 
directly to the road exposed to heavy fire, and soon after joined the brigade. 

The column moved forward with but little further opposition, until 
within about two miles of Clinton, where the enemy charged our rear and 
were repulsed with great loss, by the 11th Illinois Infantry, commanded by 
Capt. Vore and Lieut. Moore's section of Artillery. The 46th was ordered to 
support the 11th, but reached the ground only In time to fire a volley after 
the retreating foe. The 46th Illinois then relieved the 11th as rear guard, 
which position it held alternately with the 76th and 8th Illinois Infantry 
during the day. The enemy were seen several times during the day drawn 
up in line, but they evidently thought "discretion the better part of valor," 
and wisely kept out of range. 

We arrived in camp atVicksburg on the 9th without further annoyance. 

It is with pride and pleasure that I refer to the conduct of the officers 
and soldiers of my command, many of whom were for the first time under 
fire. Not one left the ranks or flinched from duty during the engagement, 
unless compelled to do so from wounds or exhaustion. It is enough to say 
of them that every man did his whole duty. The field and line officers were 
all at their posts and did their duty so well that a few cannot be mentioned 
without doing manifest injury to the others. 

To Lieut. Col. Sheetz and his noble regiment, the 8th Illinois Infantry, 
I am under great obligations for relieving my regiments as rear guards, 
after they had become so completely exhausted from long continued fight- 
ing and marching as to be almost unable to proceed further. Lieuts. Moore 
and Nichols of Bolton's Battery, are deserving of much credit for the able 
manner in which they handled their respective sections while with this 
brigade. 

Of my personal staff, Lieuts. Woodbury, Arnold, Hughes and Seizicks, 
I cannot speak in too high terms of praise. Prompt in the discharge of 
every duty, fearless of danger, they communicated every order with such 
coolness and precision that they could not fail to be understood. 

The list of casualties in this brigade has been forwarded. 
Very respectfully your Obe't Servt, 

B. DORNBLASER, 
Colonel Commanding Brigade. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEE R INFANTRY. 207 

The casualties in the regiment were as follows, viz: Killed, three; 
wounded, thirty-six; captured, one; missing, three; total loss, forty-five. 
Our wounded received but little care until our arrival at Big Black. Here 
their wounds were carefully dressed and every attention possible given to 
them. During the night of the 8th of July, the sick and wounded were re- 
moved to the hospital at Vicksburg, and on the 9th, the troops marched to 
their camps in the city. 

The wounded of the command that fell into the hands of the enemy 
were very kindly treated, so much so that it was spoken of in the highest 
terms of praise by the wounded men, and as soon as they were able an 
amicable exchange of prisoners was appointed. The ceremony of exchange 
took place just outside the old fortifications of the city and was the occasion 
of much good feeling among the prisoners. 

July 21st, Maj. Gen. Blair's General Order No. 5 was received, or- 
ganizing the 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, the 2nd Brigade of which was 
composed of the 11th, 46th and 76th Regiments of Illinois Infantry, and 
Col. Dornblaser of the 46th placed in command. 

July 29th, the 46th, together with the 76th Illinois Infantry, embarked 
on board the steamer "Adams" and proceeded down the Mississippi river 
to Morganza Bend, La. The division encamped on the river bank and con- 
structed shades and arbors for shelter from the burning sun. Drill and 
picket was the order, the latter of which was- a very necessary as well as a 
rather delicate duty at times, from the fact that the enemy made frequent 
raids upon our picket lines from their camps on the Atchafalaya. 

On the night of the 8th of August, Lieut. Col. Jones and two hundred 
men of the 46th went out on a scout and captured twelve gay and festive 
rebels who, not dreaming of danger, fell asleep into the hands of the 
blue coats, and were brought into camp on the 9th. 

On the 13th of August, General Canby's order No. 93 was promulgated, 
assigning the regiment to the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 19th Army Corps. 
The brigade to consist of the 8th, 11th, 46th and 76th Regiments of Illi- 
nois Infantry, and the 7th and 30th Missouri Infantry, and to be com- 
manded by Col. B. Dornblaser, of the 46th Illinois Infantry, General Den- 
nis to command the Division, and General Reynolds the Corps. 

Lieut. I. A. Arnold and Lieut. H. H. Woodbury were placed on the 
brigade staff, the former as A. A. Q. M., and the latter A. A. A. Gen. 

The Division was ordered to embark on transports on the 23d of 
August and proceed to Port Hudson, La., where it arrived on the morning 
of the 24th. See report. 



208 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Headquarters 1st Brig. 2d Div., 19th A. C. 

Morganza, La., August 29th, 1864. 
Captain W. E. Kuhn, 

A. A. A. Gen. 2nd Div., 19th Army Corps. 

Captain : — I have the honor to report that in compliance with orders, 
this Brigade embarked on steamers on the night of the 23d inst, and pro- 
ceeded to Port Hudson, La., where it disembarked. On the evening of the 
24th inst., at five o'clock P. M., the column moved out in the direction of 
Clinton, La., the 1st Brigade in advance, supplied with five days' rations and 
one ammunition wagon to each regiment. The command marched all 
night, only resting at intervals to enable the column to close up, and arrived 
at Clinton at noon of the 25th. Small scouting parties of the enemy only 
were encountered, who fled at our approach. 

The troops rested until four o'clock P. M. of the 26th, when the return 
march was commenced, arriving at Port Hudson on the morning of the 
28th, and Morganza on the morning of the 29th. 

Port Hudson is distant twenty-five miles from here, and from Port 
Hudson to Clinton the same. The march was a very hard one and the 
losses sustained by the Brigade were caused principally by men becoming 
exhausted by the way and being captured by the enemy, who followed in 
our rear. The following are the losses of the Brigade: 11th Illinois, three 
missing; 46th Illinois, two missing; 76th Illinois, one missing; 30th Mis- 
souri, two missing. 

Respectfully your Obed't Serv't, 

B. DORNBLASER, 
Colonel Commanding Brigade. 



Orders were received, September 2d, to embark early on the morning 
of the 3d, with all the camp and garrison equipage of the command. Left 
Morganza at four A. M. on the 4th ; proceeded up the river and arrived at 
the mouth of White River, Ark., without incident of note, on the 8th of 
September, and went into camp on a large cotton plantation. The ground 
was speedily cleared of the luxuriant cotton plant and the camp fitted up 
in splendid style. 

On the 13th of September Chaplain Lewis started with the non-vet- 
erans of A, B and C, whose term of service had expired. They were to 
proceed to Springfield, Illinois, to be mustered out of service. 

The only incident worthy of note occurring during the stay of the 
regiment at the mouth of White River, was a tremendous storm of wind 
and rain on the night of the 28th, which leveled every tent and flooded the 
camp with water. The sudden waking up of over two thousand men to 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 209 

find their frail shelters swept away and themselves drenched to the skin by 
the pouring rain, caused a conglomeration of the most hideous and ludi- 
crous sounds ever heard or made by man. While some were making frantic, 
yet vain efforts to hold up their tents against the storm, others— and many 
officers of both high and low degree — could be seen by the vivid lightning's 
glare, "scudding under bare poles" from one demolished shelter to an- 
other, doomed to a similar fate. A company of men in one portion of the 
camp would hurrah for McClellan which would be answered from another 
portion by a shout of a whole regiment for Lincoln. A cheer for Valan- 
digham or Jeff Davis would be answered by a whole brigade with curses 
and groans. Slang phrases, such as "here's your mule," etc., etc., were the 
common utterances of those in busy search of lost clothing, tents and bag- 
gage. The incidents of the night furnished a rich theme for ludicrous 
comment and laughter, which served to while away many tedious hours 
in camp. 

A short distance from camp were numerous ponds or lakes containing 
large quantities of fine fish, the catching of which furnished much sport. 
The modus operandi of catching them was novel. Twenty or thirty sol- 
diers would divest themselves of their clothing, arm themselves with clubs 
of about four feet in length, form a skirmish line across one end of the 
lake and advance, beating the water and thus drive the fish before them 
into the shallow water at the other end of the lake, then woe to the unlucky 
fish that would show his head, his fate would be sure to be sealed by a 
blow from a club. In the excitement of the chase many a blow aimed at 
the head of a fish would descend on the head or back of some unlucky 
biped of an entirely different species. Such accidents would call forth 
peals of laughter and the injured party would pass it off in the most 
philosophical good humor. 

On the 6th of October the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 19th Army Corps, 
and the 46th Illinois Infantry, all under the command of Lieut. Col. Jones, 
of the 46th, were ordered to embark, to proceed to Duvall's Bluff, Arkan- 
sas. They left the mouth of White River at sunrise, October 7th, and ar- 
rived at Duvall's Bluff on the 9th. The regiment went into camp south of 
the Landing and commenced building log barracks which they soon com- 
pleted. The regiment was highly complimented by General C. C. Andrews, 
commanding Post, for its skill and energy in building such neat and com- 
fortable barracks in so short a time. At this place the regiment also did 
much fatigue duty on the fortifications, which were extensive and incom- 
plete. The wet weather and peculiar character of the soil made their duty 
very arduous. As an offset for this, however, the large number of deer on 
the prairies nearby afforded profitable amusement for the sportsmen of the 
command, who brought in five or six fine deer every day they went out, 
and one day fourteen were killed and brought into the regiment. 



210 HISTORY OF FORTY-S IXTH REGIMENT 

The fine barracks, built by the regiment, had to be given up, as orders 
were received on the 27th of November to embark on transports for Mem- 
phis, Tenn. Left Duvall's Bluff at 1 o'clock P. M. of the 28th, and ar- 
rived at the mouth of White River at 3 o'clock P. M., of the 29th, and 
Memphis on the 1st of December at 6 o'clock P. M. 

While coming down White river, Arkansas, on the 28th, a party of 
guerillas fired on the boat and wounded three men, none severely. The fire 
was quickly returned by the regiment. On the same night, Thomas Wal- 
bridge, a Private of Company K, fell overboard and was drowned. His 
body could not be recovered. 

At Memphis, the regiment went into camp on the Pigeon Roost road, 
just east of the city. While at this camp, all the non-veteran soldiers of 
H, E, I, K and F, were mustered out of the service, together with Major 
McCracken, Captain Hughes, Stewart, Wakefield, Reitzell, and Lieutenants 
Terry, Shaw and McKibben. 

The command suffered here from cold by reason of shelter, tents and 
scarcity of timber and fuel. The tents were no protection against cold, and 
the want of timber or lumber prevented the men from building comfortable 
huts or barracks. 

On the 12th of December orders from General Canby were received 
re-organizing the troops of the 19th army corps into the Reserve Corps, 
Military Division of West Mississippi. The 2d Brigade, which was com- 
posed of the 8th, 11th, 46th and 76th Regiments of Illinois Infantry, and 
the 23d Wisconsin and 30th Missouri Regiments Infantry, was commanded 
by Brig. Gen. E. S. Dennis. 

Early on the morning of the 21st of December, an expedition started 
out, commanded by Brig. Gen. Lawler, going in the direction of La 
Grange, Tenn. The 8th, 11th and 46th Illinois Infantry, commanded by 
Colonel Dornblaser, of the 46th, was accompanied by two other small 
brigades and marched the first day to Germantown, second to Moscow, and 
third to Wolf river, near Moscow, Term., where we remained until early 
on the morning of the 26th of December, when the return march to Mem- 
phis was commenced. Col. Kent's Brigade marched to Colliersville and en- 
camped. Col. Dornblaser's Brigade encamped three miles west of Colliers- 
ville on the Bailey plantation, and Col. Green's Brigade at Germantown 
and White's Station. This disposition of troops was made with a view to 
guard the railroad, which had been repaired from Memphis to Colliersville, 
against the numerous bands of guerilla parties prowling through this 
section of the country. 

On the 31st of December, the troops were all brought to Memphis by 
rail and ordered to be ready to embark without delay. 

The 46th, with the exception of four companies that were put aboard 
the "Autocrat," embarked on the steamer "Marble City," on the morning 
of the 2d of January, 1865, and proceeded to Kennerville, La., twenty-five 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 211 

miles from New Orleans by water, and disembarked. The camp at this 
place was protected from overflow by the levee, but the rainy season made 
it exceedingly muddy. It was a complete "stick-in-the-mud" camp. 

The regiment marched to Lakeport on Lake Pontchartrain on the 4th' 
of February, and embarked on the steamers "Planter" and "Alabama," on 
the 7th and 8th of February, and proceeded to Fort Gaines, Dauphin Island, 
Ala., at which place we arrived and went into camp on the 9th and 10th of 
February. While the camp at Kennerville, La., was pure mud, at this place 
it was pure white sand. However, the discomforts of the camp were fully 
neutralized by the pleasure and profit afforded catching and eating oysters, 
which were found in great abundance in the bay close by. 

Col. Dornblaser, having been home on a leave of absence, returned to 
the regiment on the first of March, bringing with him one hundred and 
sixty recruits, filling up the regiment to nine hundred and twenty-two 
men, aggregate strength. This made the 46th one of the largest regiments 
in the command. 

While here the Reserve Corps was re-organized and called the 13th 
Army Corps, to be commanded by Major General Gordon Granger. The 
8th, 11th and 46th Illinois Infantry, comprised the 2d Brigade of the 1st 
Division, and Gen. E. S. Dennis, assigned to the command of the same. 
Brig. Gen. James C. Veatch commanded the division. 

On the 17th of March, all the surplus' baggage, camp and garrison 
equipage was turned in to the Post Quartermaster and the troops fitted 
for an active land campaign. The brigade was transferred to the opposite 
side of Mobile Bay the same evening, and commenced its march on Mobile 
early on the morning of the 18th. On the 20th, we reached Oyster Bay, 
where Gen. Benton's Division of the 13th Army Corps was constructing 
corduroy causeways through the swamps. Our Division was detailed until 
the morning of the 22d of March to enable Benton's Division to get ahead. 
On the night of the 20th a tremendous rainstorm caused the temporary 
bridges built to be washed away, making it necessary to reconstruct them. 
The work was arduous and disagreeable, but was accomplished without un- 
necessary grumbling. In consequence of the great difficulty of getting the 
train through the deep sand and mud and over the rough corduroys, the 
column did not reach the vicinity of Spanish Fort, the first rebel stronghold 
on our line of march — until the evening of the 21st of March. Early on 
the morning of the 22d, the Fort was invested, much to the surprise of the 
rebels, as they did not deem it possible for us to advance so rapidly over 
the obstacles we had to encounter. 

After the Fort was invested, the 46th was ordered to guard the ap- 
proaches from the rear, as it was reported that the enemy had a large 
force of cavalry in that direction threatening an attack. 



212 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

On the 31st of March, the 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, took charge 
of a supply train to Gen. Steele's command near Blakely, Ala. The 46th 
was left in charge of the baggage train of the division until the 4th of 
April, when it moved with the train and joined the division near Sibley's 
Mills, east of Blakely. 

During the siege of Blakely, the 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, occu- 
pied a front line of about three-fourths of a mile in extent between An- 
drews' Division of the 13th Army Corps and Garrard's Division of the 
16th Army Corps, which required but from two to three regiments to fill 
the space, consequently the troops in front would be daily relieved by 
others. On the evening of the 5th of April, the 46th Illinois Infantry was 
ordered to relieve the 8th Illinois Infantry in the trenches, and advance the 
line during the night and construct a new line of works. Companies G and 
B were deployed as skirmishers and sent forward early in the evening to 
establish a line twenty-five yards in advance on the right, and one hundred 
on the left. The position was gained with but little opposition and the 
work of throwing up earthworks vigorously commenced. The rebel sharp- 
shooters constantly kept stimulating our working parties to renewed 
efforts by sending minnie balls whistling over every portion of the line at 
intervals uncomfortably short. At about 2 o'clock A. M.. of the 6th of 
April, the enemy made a vigorous attack upon our lines with a view to dis- 
lodge our working parties, but were handsomely repulsed. In this action 
Private Andrew Hess, of Company B, was mortally wounded by a fragment 
of a shell. This was our only casualty, owing to the completeness of our 
defenses. 

On the 8th of April, Spanish Fort was captured, and on the evening 
of the 9th, Fort Blakely was charged and taken also. In this action the 
8th Illinois as skirmishers, followed by the 11th and 46th Illinois as sup- 
ports, were among the first to reach the Fort, but were prevented from 
following up and capturing their share of prisoners by reason of an order 
to withdraw to the outside of the works as soon as they had entered and 
formed inside of the same, thus enabling Garrard's Division to sweep 
down to the Bay in front of our brigade and capture the prisoners. After 
securing these, and the arms, cannon and trophies, the brigade marched 
to its camp. 

April 10th the division marched four miles in the direction of the 
Alabama river and made preparations for a march into the interior, but on 
the 11th of April news of the probable evacuation of Mobile was received, 
in consequence of which the troops were marched back to Stark's Landing 
during the night, and embarked at daylight on the morning of the 12th of 
April. At 9 o'clock A. M., the fleet sailed from the landing in the direction 
of Mobile, and at 11 o'clock A. M., arrived at the Shell Road Landing, 
five miles below the city. The city authorities surrendered the place and 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 213 

its defenses to the Army and Navy of the United States on the 12th of 
April, and the city was occupied by the troops on the same day. 

The regiment went into camp in the western limits of the city, where 
a comfortable camp was soon fitted up. 

On the 16th of April the glorious tidings of Lee's surrender to General 
Grant was confirmed and greeted with shouts of joy as the forerunner of 
the speedy overthrow of the entire rebellion. But the echoing sounds of 
exultation had not yet died away, when, on the 20th, the horrible news of 
the assassination of President Lincoln burst upon us like a clap of thunder 
from a clear sky, causing our rejoicing to be turned to bitter grief. 

April 21st, the 11th and 46th Regiments Illinois Infantry marched to 
Whistler, seven miles out, and returned, in consequence of a report that 
a rebel force was threatening the place, which proved untrue. 

The time of the regiment was principally taken up with drill and in- 
spections while in this camp, and never did it present a more formidable 
and soldierly appearance since its first appearance, and as such received 
many compliments. 

On the 8th of May, Gen. Dick Taylor surrendered his army to Gen. 
Canby, who, at once, sent commissioners to Meridian, Columbus, Jackson 
and other prominent points to parole the men and receive the public 
property. 

Major Chase, Paymaster U. S. A., paid the regiment on the 11th and 
12th of May, up to February 28, 1865. On. the morning of the 13th, the 
Regiment left Mobile on the cars for Meridian, Miss., where it arrived on 
the 14th. Part of the regiment was at once sent to Columbus, Macon, Gaines- 
ville, Gainesville Junction and Lauderdale Springs, Miss., to take charge of 
public property. The regiment was relieved by troops from the 16th A. C, 
and Gen. Grierson's command, and ordered to Mobile, where it arrived in 
detachments from the 18th until the 21st of May, and occupied its old 
camp. Col. Dornblaser, of the 46th, was again assigned to the command 
of the 2d Brigade on the 24th of Miay, and on the 27th the 1st and 2d 
Brigades of the Division embarked on steamers for New Orleans. The 
46th went aboard the "J. H. Groesbeck," and arrived without accident to 
Hickox Landing at the lake end and of the New Orleans Shell Road on 
the 28th of May, and at once disembarked and marched to the race track near 
the "Halfway House," where it went into camp. On the 30th of May the 
troops embarked at New Orleans to proceed to Alexandria, Natchitoches 
and Shreveport on Red river to receive the surrender of Kirby Smith's 
Trans-Missisippi Rebel army. Landed at Shreveport, La., on the 8th of 
June, after one of the most tedious and disagreeable voyages imaginable. 
The crowded condition of the boats and extreme heat of the weather, 
caused much discomfort and sickness. 

June 19th, the regiment embarked on steamer "Peerless" and pro- 
ceeded to Grand Ecore, La., to relieve the 21st Iowa Infantry on duty at 



214 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Natchitoches, Salubrity Springs and Grand Ecore. Gen. Taylor's army 
was encamped at Salubrity Springs, prior to his march to the Rio Grande 
in 1846. The regiment performed garrison duty here until November 
20th, when it marched via Pleasant Hill and Mansfield, La., to Shreveport. 
Major Clingman, with Companies E and G, of the 46th Illinois, and Co. A, 
of the 19th Pa. Cavalry, went to Marshall, Texas, to relieve the 8th Illi- 
nois Infantry on duty there. 

The garrison of Shreveport consisted of eight companies of the 46th 
Illinois, the 80th U. S. Colored Infantry and Company C, 19th Pa. Cavalry. 
On the 27th of December, Gen. Canby's special order No. 140 was received, 
ordering the regiment to proceed to Baton Rouge, La., and Springfield, 
Illinois, for muster out and final discharge. The low stage of water in 
Red river made it impossible for the whole regiment to embark on one 
boat, hence it left Shreveport on various steamers from the 1st to the 4th 
of January, 1866, and arrived at Baton Rouge on the 10th of January. As 
soon as the regiment was comfortably situated in camp the whole available 
clerical force of the same was put to work making up muster out rolls. 
On the 20th of January, the regiment was mustered out and at once em- 
barked on steamer "Lady Gay" for Cairo, arriving at that place on the 
25th, thence proceeded by railroad to Camp Butler, Illinois, where it ar- 
rived on the evening of the 27th. Through the usual energy of the officers 
of the regiment, and the extreme kindness and courtesy of Major Cleg- 
horn, A. A. G., Col. Bridgman and Major Grover, Paymasters, the regiment 
received its final pay and discharge on the 1st of February, after a stay in 
camp of only five days. An extra train was in readiness to convey the men 
to Decatur, Illinois, in time for the train North on the Central road, of 
which they eagerly took advantage in order to reach their several homes 
with the least delay. 

Thus closes the record of the 46th Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry. 
Its organization was kept up nearly four and a half years. Nearly 
two thousand men were members of it, and its line of march 
and travel extended over ten thousand miles. 

While with thankful hearts we acknowledge the preservation of our 
health and lives to enable us to return to and enjoy our homes and friends, 
let us ever hold in kind remembrance those of our companions who lost 
their lives in the great contest, and whose graves can be found from the 
Ohio to the Gulf. 

As our record as a regiment has been bright and honorable, let each 
and all resolve to perpetuate that record by individual virtue and honesty 
as citizens, that none may descend to the grave "unhonored and unsung." 

To our friends at home, whose loving eyes were ever following us, 
whose prayers constantly ascended to the throne of God for our welfare, 
and who stood ready with outstretched arms to welcome us to our homes, 
let us ever be grateful. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 215 



INCIDENTS AS TOLD BY THE BOYS. 



GATHERING OYSTERS. 



While the regiment was encamped on Dauphin Island, which is lo- 
cated at the entrance of Mobile Bay, and on which Fort Gaines is located, 
access was had to the fine oyster beds in the inlets on the north side of the 
Island. When the tide was flowing out the water was quite shallow and 
the nice big oysters were easily picked out by the boys who marked the 
time of the flowing of the tide. Others came for oysters when the tide 
was flowing in, which raised the water to four or five feet deep. This did 
not stop the young fellows from getting all they needed. With a large 
gunny sack two soldiers would wade in and locate the oyster bed, taking 
the sack between them and a hand each in the mouth of the sack, would 
alternate in making a dive and each time bring out some of the fine bi- 
valves. It made no difference if tide was in or out, the oysters were taken 
care of and many a fine meal was furnished to the soldiers. 



TOLD BY T. B. JONES, COMPANY B. 



VEATCH'S BRIGADE-FEAST ON MULE MEAT. 



During the campaign of the Winter of 1862 and '63, when Gen. Grant 
at'^empted to advance on Vicksburg through the country south of Corinth, 
the army had reached Yokena, Miss., when the Rebel Generals Price and 
Van Dorn, with a large force, came in the rear of the army and captured 
Holly Springs, where a very large store of commissary stores were 
gathered. What stores of rations they could not carry away, were burned. 
The whole army depended upon these stores for subsistence. The food 
svipply being destroyed, the army was compelled to subsist on the country 
and to ration out what few crackers and meal were on hand, till they 
again received a new supply. During this time the army had gathered in 
the vicinity for miles around. Calls were made loud and strong for food. 
R. V. Ankeny, then Acting Division Quartermaster, was ordered to butcher 
Gen. Veatch's headquarter mules. Six fine fat ones were taken out and 
the butchers killed and dressed them in fine style ; loaded the meat on wa- 
gons and issued it to the brigade as cotton seed fed beef. Complaint was 
made that the meat was rank and tough, but the cooks flavored and boiled 



216 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

it to a finish and soon it was all consumed. Thus the faithful mule served 
to appease the hunger and added nourishment for the destitute army, as 
well as serving as the means of transportation. 



AS TOLD BY A MEMBER OF COMPANY B. 



While encamped at Vicksburg, Miss., in the Fall of 1863, a detail of 
twenty men of the 46th, under command of Capt. Wike, of Company C, 
was sent up the river on a steamer to escort about sixty deserters from 
different regiments to Gen. A. J. Smith's command at Memphis, Tenn. 
When some distance up the river, the boat was fired into by the enemy from 
the Arkansas shore, and were exposed for nearly half an hour. There were 
no casualties of a serious nature. On the boat were over one hundred ref- 
ugees from Louisiana, seeking to better their condition by going North; 
these were exposed to the fire of the enemy as well as the soldiers. Their 
condition was pitiable, poor and destitute, with scanty clothing, they were 
classed by one the negro women on the boat as "de poor white trash 
of the South." On the boat was a young man who was sent South from 
Freeport under the direction of the sanitary aid during the war to give 
comfort and encouragement to those in the hospitals, afterward Professor 
and Reverend C. C. Snyder, who was also exposed to the fire of the enemy ; 
although he was not enlisted as a soldier, yet he was under fire. He after- 
wards became distinguished as one of the noted educators of Northern 
Illinois, and for seven years was pastor of the Presbyterian church at 
Riverside, South Chicago, where he died a few years ago, beloved by his 
congregation. 



AS TOLD BY ONE OF COMPANY B. 



While at the siege of Blakely, north of Mobile, Ala., the 46th was 
ordered to advance their line 15 rods about midnight, under cover of dark- 
ness. The line established, earthworks or rifle pits were dug to protect us 
from the enemy ; they discovered our position, while using the spade to in- 
trench us from the enemy's fire. One man of the company was mortally 
wounded and was carried to the rear. About 3 A. M., the fire of the 
enemy ceased. James From of the company became so exhausted that he 
fell asleep on top of the earthworks. Soon after we were ordered back to 
our original line and several of the boys tried to awaken the tired and 
sleepy young soldier, without success. Some made the remark that, per- 
haps, he was dead and were fearful that a ball from the enemy had hit 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 217 

him. One of the wags, who gave him a vigorous shake and rolled him 
over, came to the rescue and said, "Jim, if you are dead, why don't you 
say so?" He was only fast asleep. 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS WRITTEN BY H. L. WAGNER TO 
HIS PARENTS DURING HIS SERVICE FROM 18G4— 1866. 



Left Freeport on the 2nd of March, 1864, and proceeded to Cairo, 
thence to Vicksburg ; left Vicksburg at 2 o'clock, Friday previous to Aug. 
1st, 1864, on the steamer "B. I. Adams," and arrived at Morganza at 11 
a. m. Saturday, passing "Natchez" and a fleet of gun boats, among them 
"The Monitor," "Mosquito" and four Turtle Shells. The following troops 
were transported with us on the Marine boats "Diana," "B. I. Adams" and 
"E. H. Fairchild": the 11th 111. Inft., 46th 111. Inft, 76th 111. Inft., Bolton's 
Battery and a part of the 5th 111. Cav., under Brig. Gen. Dornblaser, and 
the 8th 111 Inft, 30th Mo. Inft., 1st Kansas Mounted Inft., and one Bat- 
talion of Negro Cav., under Brig. Gen. Dennis. In all there were about 
10,000 men here in Morganza, including two regiments of Indians, so- 
called Texas Rangers. The camp is over 10 miles long, and along the 
landing a breast work had been naturally formed by the Mississippi river, 
where four heavy cannons were placed. The weather is fine here, not as 
sultry as at Vicksburg. The only thing missing now is a good oven, as 
all the crackers we receive are wormy and will have to be ground and 
baked over; but our bakers. Max Wiggenhausen and Chas. Lathur, will 
soon have one fitted out. 

We left Morganza on Monday, Aug. 22nd, on the steamer "Ne- 
braska," arriving at Port Hudson at 8 a. m. the next morning. Left again 
the same afternoon under command of Maj. Gen. Herin. We marched all 
r'ght and at sunrise met with a band of 100 to 150 Guerillas; they took to 
their heels and if we had had a better cavalry with us, we would have 
taken them all as prisoners, but we only had "New Yorkers" with us. At 
5 o'clock we arrived at Clinton. Here we stayed ,until Thursday, Aug. 
25th. This place was inhabited mostly by Germans, but is almost destitute, 
save for a few women. A printing outfit was also found here, which Gen. 
Herin took along to Baton Rouge. 

On Monday, Aug. 23rd, we left Port Hudson at daybreak, on thej 
steamer U. S. transport "Ohio Belle" and got back to Morganza at 8 p. 
m., where we are taking it easy now. 

On the 20th of Nov., Lieut. Olnhausen and twenty men (including 
myself) were ordered up the Arkansas river to act as guards. We left on 
the steamer "Tempest" from Devalls Bluff, at U a. m., and landed at the 



218 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

mouth of White river on the 21st. Here our steamer took up coal and 
wood. Together with five other steamers we entered the Arkansas river 
on the 22nd, the river being very high at this time. On the 23rd we passed 
Arkansas Fort, which had been entirely destroyed by Gen. Steel, and ar- 
rived at Pine Bluffs on the 27th, where we stayed four days. On Dec. 1st 
we left Pine Bluffs on our return, but only made 30 miles the first two 
days, the river having fallen about three feet, and one boat after another 
got stuck on sand banks. By the 4th of Dec. we got to White river, where 
our detachment was placed on the steamer "Emma 2," arriving at Mem- 
phis on the 6th. Here we are having Company Drill from 10 — 12 o'clock 
every day. Battalion Drill from 1 — 3 p. m., and Dress Parade and In- 
spection at 5. 

Another expedition from Memphis to Mbscow, Tenn., left Memphis, 
Dec. 21st, at 5 a. m. and arrived at Germantown by sunset, where we 
camped for the night. It was pretty cold. On thej 22nd we marched to 
La Fayette and on the 23rd to Wolff river, where we camped for three 
days, cutting down trees for some unknown purpose. Moscow lies on the 
opposite bank of the river. On Christmas Eve we left, and a beautiful 
sight is was, so clear and starlight, with camp fires scattered here and 
there ; reminding one of the loved ones at home and the camp fires like so 
many candles on the old time, Christmas tree. At noon the next day we 
arrived at La Fayette and passed Collierville that afternoon, camping 
about five miles above Germantown, where we stayed two days, and on the 
30th left by railroad for Memphis. 



THE DENNIS EXPEDITION TO JACKSON, FROM VICKSBURG 
MISSISSIPPL 



On the first day of July 

This expedition started out 

The rebels' strength to try 

For news in camp had just arrived 

That they in heavy force 

Were at Mississippi Capitol; 

So there we bent our course. 

We first marched to Black river, 

But were compelled to stop. 

Until our trains with pontoons 

And provisions could come up. 

For its dark and turbid waters 

Hand been swelled by recent rain; 

Two thousand and five hundred men 

Were all that we could boast; 

While 'twas said that we had to fight against 

A numerous rebel host. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 219 



But we were nothing daunted 

Though our numbers were but few; 

For most of us were veterans 

And knew what we could do, 

Besides this, our commanders 

Were men that had been tried 

On many a field of battle. 

And in them we could confide. 

On the third, all being ready, 

We left Black River Camp, 

And in search of Jeff'ries soldiers 

Set out upon a tramp. 

At Champion Hill we halted, 

And camped upon the field, 

Where Grant's advancing columns 

Caused the rebel force to yield. 

Where brave McPherson's charges 

Crushed whole battalions down, 

And left their mangled bodies 

In heaps upon the ground. 

Their bodies still lie unburied, 

Exposed to wind and sun. 

Mementos to their folly 

Showing what their treason done. 

We next advanced to Clinton 

And camped there for the night, 

Expecting that next morning 

The rebels would show us fight, _ 

For their skirmishers we had. driven 

Before us half the day. 

And knew, of course, they were in force 

Not very far away. 

Next morning very early 

(Our breakfast scarce being o'er), 

We heard the rebel cannon. 

In or front, begin to roar ; 

Our skirmishers were driven in, 

One gallant Captain was slain, 

While a cavalry detachment 

Dashed down upon our train. 

'Twas plain to see their object was 

To get our meat and bread. 

But in the line of these, our commissary 

Issued to them lead. 

It was rather heavy diet. 

So they thought best to retire. 

For the 76th (Illinois) detachment 

Should upon them open fire. — 

Meanwhile our own artillery 

To the front was ordered round 

To shell the rebel battery 

And drive them from their ground, 

For they were strongly posted 

In front upon the hill. 



220 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

And we found that to dislodge them 

Would require all our skill. 

They had range of our position 

And their shots began to tell, 

So we moved upon their left flank 

To avoid being shelled. 

A good position here secured 

We opened up our fire, 

With four pieces of artillery 

Which caused them to retire. 

They left us masters of the field 

And betook themselves to flight, 

So we moved into Jackson 

And haulted for the night. 

Here our wearied columns rested 

Until 4 o'clock next day, 

When with faces towards Vicksburg, 

We once more marched away. 

But we found our wily enemy 

Upon the self-same field 

Which he the day preceding 

So reluctantly did yield. 



Jan. 1st, 1865, we( leave Memphis on our way to New Orleans. We 
camped at Kennerville, where we got four months' pay. Left Kennerville 
on Feb. 4th, and marched to Lake Point, on Lake Ponchartrain, 5 miles 
from New Orleans. Here wq were put on board a gulf steamer and got 
to Fort Gaines, at Mobile on the 9th, we lived high, as oysters could be 
picked up on the shore, by the hundreds. 

After a ten days' march from Fort Morgan, we arrived at Spanish 
Fort and our troops immediately began to throw up breastworks. March 
26th, our light artillery began to bombard the Fort. On the 28th, our navy 
got within range of the Fort, also breastworks for heavy artillery were 
prepared. We were detailed a little more to the right on the 31st. On 
April 4th, the heavy artillery began its bombarding; and on the 5th we 
were ordered to the front to perform picket duty, whereby Company B lost 
one man. Part of Spanish Fort was taken on the 8th, by the 16th Army 
Corps. The next day. April 9th. we were ordered to the front, at 7 a. m. ; 
here we laid about half an hour, while our artillery opened a fearful can- 
nonading and fi.nally we advanced and took the entire works of the rebels 
by storm. We lost but a small number of men in this engagement. The 
46th 111. Regiment hoisted the first stars and stripes, under a most glorious 
and terrific "Hurrah !" About 20,000 prisoners, with all their equipments, 
cannons and provisions, fell into our hands. At 7 p. m., April 11th, we 
broke camp and marched to Alabama City. Orders were to go to Mobile! 
in a round about way, but we were literally chased or ordered around in 
all directions. At 5 a. m., the following day, we were put on board a 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 221 

steamer and landed on the west side and at 6 o'clock p. m. marched into 
Mobile ; it rained fearfully all night. On the 12th we put up camp and now 
belong to the 1st Div., 2nd Brig. Mobile Military Defense. I had a swol- 
len face and was relieved from duty. 

From May 13th to 22nd, our Regiment was split up considerably, some 
of our Company were at Gainesville, Ala., some at the R. R. Junction, and 
the rest, including myself, at Columbus, Miss. We had been detailed to 
take the government property, which Rich. Taylor had surrendered. For 
one week we had a jolly good time here, because the yankees had not got 
down this far before, and we could have wine, milk, eggs, butter, etc., for 
almost nothing. We traded in some of our coffee, beans and meat. I get 
a quart of milk and white bread for breakfast and supper and eggs for 
dinner. We got back to Mobile on May 22nd. Sept. 2nd, 1865, I was at 
Salubrity Springs, La. Oct. 5th, 1865, in camp near Natchitoches, La. 
Arrived at Baton Rouge,, La., Jan. 12, 1866, safe and sound and will surely 
be home before many days, as our officers are working hard, or as the 
yankees say "slow but sure." Yesterday I was on guard at the Pene- 
tentiary of Louisiana. 



THE SOLDIER AS A SAILOR. 



It was in the Spring of '65 that the incident we are about to relate 
took place. On February 10, the 8th, 11th and 46th Regiments, Illinois 
Infantry, went into camp at Ft. Gaines, Dauphin Island, in Mobile bay, 
preparatory to the advance upon Mobile. 

It was proposed to construct a military telegraph line from Dauphin 
Island over a chain of islands through Lake Ponchartrain to New Or- 
leans, part of which was submarine. 

An old stern wheeled river boat, "The Red Chief," was pressed into 
service. After the line was built across Dauphin Island, the boat was 
loaded with green pine telegraph poles and a party consisting of Lieut. G. 
S. Roush, Co. B, 46th 111. Reg., in command, a Lieutenant of the 8th 111. Regi- 
ment, whose name we cannot recall, a citizen supt. of telegraph, and 120 
enlisted men, started with them, about 2 P. M., March 7, for Boyce Island. 

After proceeding a short distance, a heavy fog settled down upon the 
waters ; we could not discern objects at any distance, and as we were with- 
out a compass, were in a sorry plight. 

We missed the island altogether and ran out into the gulf, knowing 
nothing of our whereabouts. 

About five o'clock a storm came up, which increased in force until 
midnight. To add to the discomforts and dangers of the situation, the 



222 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

waves which rolled mountain high and threatened every moment to engulf 
us, put out the fire under the boilers, steam was soon exhausted and we 
were completely at the mercy of the elements, drifting we knew not where. 
The violent tossing of the boat caused some of the bottles of liquor in 
racks and on the bar to be thrown on the floor and in some manner this 
became ignited, adding to the situation the horrors of fire. Notwithstand- 
ing all this there were some amusing incidents. 

The negro chambermaid started a prayermeeting in the cabin on her 
own hook but was interrupted by the captain. The old tar, who had par- 
taken liberally of the contents of the bottles before their destruction, 
ordered her to desist, enforcing his command by the toe of his boot. 

During this time some of the soldiers made a valient fight to save the 
fluid, by beating out the flames with mattresses and bedding, but were ob- 
liged to see the liquor on the floor licked up by the flames, while others 
of the boys were partaking of the contents of the bottles that had retained 
their equilibrium. The crew, with the exception of the captain, were almost 
incapacitated through fear. 

The soldiers behaved in an admirable manner. The flames were ex- 
tinguished by them, and the steam pipes, some of which had become in- 
jured and disconnected by the wrenching of the boat, repaired. The 
framework that held up the cabin was badly wrecked and it was kept in 
place only by iron braces. These were strengthened by use of telegraph 
poles and the fire was rekindled in the engine. 

In the morning the sun came out bright and shining and we found our 
bearings. The boat was not in condition to continue to her destination, so 
we retraced our way to Dauphin Island, which we reached that evening, 
having gone through an experience we would not care to repeat. The 
boat was partially repaired and, a few days later, sent out on the same 
errand, convoyed by a gunboat. After proceeding six or eight miles, it 
commenced to sink and those on board were transferred to the convoy. 
It sank never to rise again and that was the end of the "Red Chief." 



AS TOLD BY CAPT. MARSH, COMPANY E. 



At the battle of Pittsburg Landing, when Capt. Marble was wounded, 
he called to me to go to the right of the company and help the boys keep 
in line. In loading and firing, (having the old Harper's Ferry muskets) 
I did not take the time to return my ramrod to the bore every time I 
fired, but let it rest against my legs. When the Colonel gave the order 
to fall back, I found I had left my ramrod where we had been fighting. 
I started to run back after it, for the rebels were coming fast and were 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 223 

then very close to us. Just then I saw big Gus. Johnson, the Swede. He 
said to me, "Fred, where you go," I told him, after my ramrod ; he showed 
me his hand which had been wounded and was bleeding and he was fight- 
ing hard (his words I can hear quite plain to-day). He said, "God d , 

you loads and I shoots." His hand was wounded, so could not load and 
I was minus my ramrod and we did not knozv enough to get, but stood, 
I loading and he firing, and how we got out I don't know, any way it got 
too warm. I saw the regiment was just back, under cover of a small 
rise in the ground, reforming. I told Gus. Johnson to try and make his 
way to the river and have his hand tied up. Just as I turned around, a 
spent ball struck me in the back of the neck and somewhat accelerated 
my running. I was running pretty lively when I heard some one call me. 
I stopped and there was Lieut. Billie Howell. He said, "Fred, for God's 
sake do not leave me, take me with you, don't let the rebels get me." 
I took Billie and carried him a short distance and laid that brave little 
soldier down by a big tree, where he breathed his last; he was shot I 
believe in the stomach. How I carried him I don't know as the rebel 
fire was very hot. He shook my hand and bade me good-by, and then I 
rejoined the regiment, which was reforming to try and check the next 
onslaught. The rebels finally got Billie's body, but when we drove the 
enemy back Monday, I understand his body was recovered and buried. 
As to this I don't know only from hearing, but I think Billie Lindsey 
helped to bury him. 



REMINISCENSES. COMPANY F. 



REPORTED BY LIEUTENANT SHAW. 



It was rough on the boys of the regiment at the battle of 
the Hatchie, for they had but little water, till that well fought field was 
won. Some of our men were illy prepared for such a rough battle field. 
Several were barefooted and had only a pair of drawers, which "had to do 
duty for pants. Fred Shuler was fully dressed as above described when 
during some of our rushes through the brush, his drawers were caught 
by some obstacle and one leg of his drawers torn completely off, leaving 
the waistband and a band around the ankle. Fred kept on with the com- 
pany and just as we were charging over the bridge he was a little in the 
rear, and attracted the attention of Maj. Gen'l Hurlbut, who was at the 
road side, just at the west end of the bridge. General Hurlbut said to him, 
"Hurry up 46, the boys need you to help them finish up this fight." 
Fred halted, faced around, saluted, and answered, "Well, Shineral, you 
give me some pants and shoes and I be mit der boys in der fight." "All 



224 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

right my man," answered Gen'l Hurlbut, "You go ahead and finish up 
this job and then you come to me and I will furnish you all the shoes and 
pants you want." Fred hustled up to the line and after the battle he told 
me what had passed between him and the General, and asked if he had 
better go. I told him a soldier's duty was to obey orders and that he had 
better go. Fred went off with his one leg naked, the other clothed, and 
barefooted. He returned with pants and shoes. Being asked how he was 
received at the General's quarters, he said: "When I went into his tent 
General Hurlbut recognized me at once and said, 'Well Forty-Sixth, 
you've come for those shoes ?' I said, 'Yes, I like to git 'em.' 'Well,' said 
the General, 'You go over that hill and in the ravine on the other side 
there are a lot of men who have more clothes than they need. You take 
what you want.' " He went and found the rebel dead, and helped himself 
and returned to the company. 



AS TOLD BY F. M. LOLLAR. 



In July of the year 1865, I was detailed by special order of 
Gen. Dornblaser, for duty as "Provo-Marshal of Freedmen" in the Parish 
of Wynne, La., with headquarters at Winfield, the county seat. Sergeant 
A. J. Shore, Corporal W. A. Wood and Privates Stewart, Rominger, 
Slaughter and Wright accompanied me. I received orders from, and made 
reports to the "Freedmen's Bureau." Was to see that white and black 
men entered into written labor contracts, gather up Confederate property, 
and keep the peace, etc. We were on duty fifty miles from the regiment 
and were absent five months. The regiment left Grand Ecore from Shreve- 
port, and Gen'l A. J. Smith at Alexandria was to have ordered our 
detachment back to the regiment, but he forgot to issue the order. Rations 
were running short, and not wishing to leave without permission, I de- 
cided to make the ride of a hundred miles, and ask to be relieved. Obtain- 
ing the order, we left Winfield and soon were with the company. 

Sergeant Charles Boyd and Privates John and George H. Standiford 
and John Stewart were detached June 25, 1865, for guard duty on trans- 
port Red River, La. 

Lieutenant John L. Carter was detailed by order of General Dornbla- 
ser on "Court Martial" duties at Natchitoches, La., Sept. 29 to Oct. 26, 
1865. 

Sergeant Milton Wakefield detached with "Pioneer Corps" Mar. 10 
to July 24, 1865. 

Sergeant Eli Crows, J. W. Brant, F. C. Babbit, Silas and B. F. Chris- 
man detached "Hospital Guard" July 14, 1864, at Vicksburg, Miss. 

While Grant's army was encamped near Grand Junction, 1862, Isaac 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 225 

Reeves came over on a visit from the 11th Mo. The distance was seven 
or eight miles. John C. Stanley and F. M. Lollar accompanied him on his 
return. They took a wrong road and finally decided that they were going 
in the direction of the enemy located at Holly Springs. They saw what 
they were sure was the enemy's pickets. Leaving the road and in a stoop- 
ing posture, were crossing a field, through tall weeds when suddenly a 
hog raised his head and said "Boo-Hoo." Stanley threw up his hands and 
said, "Don't shoot; we'll surrender." Passing along they came to a negro 
cabin, close by the R. R. The darky said, "The Johnnies were just a little 
way down the road, and you had better get out of here quick." The boys 
took the darky at his word, and following the railroad, reached the 11th 
Mo. next morning at sunrise. 



J. C. STANLEY WRITES: 



When the civil war broke out in the year of 1861, I did not hold 
back any to fight for my country, I was in my first battle at Shiloh April 
6, 1862. On the day following the battle, I went to look over the scene 
and in many places I saw dead men lying so thick that I could have walked 
on them for some distance without touching the ground; and in a few 
places the dead were so thick they appeared to be in heaps. There were 
dead bodies lying across each other, five in a heap. In about a month after 
the battle I was sent back on detail, and on passing through the battle 
ground, the timber appeared to be dead, and cut down, as if a tornado had 
swept through the forest. Nothing appeared to be growing, only some 
corn and oats, which had been scattered over the ground. Everything was 
silent as the mouldering dead, nothing to be seen or heard, not even the 
singing of a bird. 

The field of carnage lowly lies 

On Tennessee's west verdant shore ; 
It points us back, with tearful eyes, 

To scenes of strife, of blood and gore; 
Tells us where our striving brothers 

Of our own blessed country met — 
O, the grief the heart now smothers ; 

Just think! The earth with blood was wet. 

I visited the Shiloh battle grounds about twelve years ago, and the first 
place I visited was inside the walls of the beautiful cemetery, situated on 
the bluflfs of the Tennessee. Those who fell in defense of the Union lie 
here properly honored; but how is it with those who fell on the opposite 
side? Out yonder beneath the forest shade lie the mouldering bodies of 
two thousand brave men without a tombstone to mark their last resting 
place. Their graves, like the cause they fought to sustain, are lost, lost 



226 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Tread softly o'er those sacred streets, 

Pausing once to place as flower 
O'er one whose life and all its sweets, 

Yielded to battle's power. 
Sweetly reposing here lies one, 

And beside him rests another; 
This a fond mother's only son, 

That a tender sister's brother. 

I was at the battle of Hatchie river, where we charged across an 
open field to take the bridge. I saw Colonel Davis fall from his horse 
when he was shot, and mortally wounded. I saw Lieut. Col. Jones draw 
his sword, and heard him say, "Come on, boys, I'll stay with you till 
hell freezes over." 

I was with Grant's army when they started through by land, by the 
way of Jackson, Mississippi, to Vicksburg. When Holly Springs was 
burned we were about two days march south. We got marching orders 
late in the evening, after dark. We marched back that night, over the 
same ground, that we came down on and camped on "Starvation Hill" 
which was well known by Grant's army. We laid there one week on one 
day's provision, (hence called Starvation Hill.) 

I was also with Grant's fleet down the Mississippi, on the way to 
Vicksburg; camped at the mouth of Grant's canal, where he started to 
turn the Mississippi river. There we were ordered around to the extreme 
left of Vicksburg, and closed up the last gap around the city. We were 
thrown out on picket that night in the dark. F. M. Lollar, myself, Nick 
Carter, Lieut. Shaw, A. J. Byrne and a few others were thrown in a 
squad over next to the river. That night the rebels came out and captured 
many of the regiment. Our squad escaped, and was put on picket on 
another part of the line, where we could see the rebels load and use their 
guns all day. 

I went through the siege at Vicksburg, which lasted forty-eight days, 
and started to Jackson, Miss., the next day after the surrender with the 
company, but was barefooted. I marched till the bottoms of my feet were 
bleeding, then Park Carter, myself, and quite a number of the boys were 
sent back to Vicksburg for want of shoes, and laid there till the return of 
the regiment. 

I was at the battle of Cross Roads July 7, 1864, near Jackson, Missis- 
sippi. I was with the regiment when it left New Orleans for Dauphin 
Island. Was in the storm on Lake Pontchartrain when the 76th regiment 
was shipwrecked and threw overboard everything but the men. 

I was with the company when we crossed Mobile Bay and marched 
to Spanish Fort, Ala., and shared in forming the first line in driving in 
the enemy's picket at Spanish Fort. We were then ordered to Blakeley, 
only a few miles farther up the bay, where we dug rife pits until the fall 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 227- 

of Spanish Fort, then we were ordered to charge the fortification around 
Blakeley. We were not long in taking the fort, although we found wire 
stretched around, sharpened limbs and a great many other obstructions to 
hold us back. I was also in many other skirmishes, but of these I will 
not speak. I will here close my history of that war, whose horrors were so- 
great that no tongue can tell, no pen describe them as they were. 



These reminiscences have been told after the lapse of more than 
forty years and doubtless are not true in every detail. They are, however, 
substantially true. 

Lieut. Shaw distinctly remembers that he was at "sick call," 7 to 8 a. 
m., when the first firing was begun at Shiloh, while Sergt. Wakefield re- 
members he was at breakfast. 

Lieut. Shaw also remembers that the night when many of our regi- 
ment were captured was a bright moonlight night, while we remember it 
as being a dark night. But we well know that during those days things 
happened with wonderful and fearful rapidity. 

It was beyond our power to make personal mention of everyone of our 
207 members. We have done the best we could under the circumstances. 
Our task ends here. Capt. F. M. Lollar. 



AS TOLD BY SERGEANT' WAKEFIELD. 



At the battle of Shiloh, Sunday morning, the enemy was pressing for- 
ward several columns deep. A Confederate officer sprang upon a log, 
waved his sword, urging his men forward. I had just loaded my gun and 
was putting on a cap when Lieutenant Ingraham said, "Wakefield, give me 
your gun ; I want to stop that man on the log." I handed him my gun, he 
fired and handed my gun back and instantly a ball struck him in the hand 
and hip. I do not know the effect of his shot but I do know the enemy 
pressed steadily on. 

Wm. H. Bryan was shot through the breast at Shiloh, April 6, 1862,. 
and died April 23. A few days after the battle Musician Lollar, who was 
wounded on Monday, was sent to the same hospital and given a cot a few 
feet from Bryan. Some women came in one day and were talking with 
Bryan, trying to cheer him up. He said, "No, I must die. I can't possibly 
get well. I have given my life for my country, but the only regret I have 
in giving up my life is the leaving of my family alone in the world."' 
Bryan was borne from the battlefield by J. C. Stanley and A. T. Byrne.. 
After the war was over and Lollar had married and located on a farm, he 
took one of Bryan's boys into his home and kept him until he was twenty- 
one. 



228 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

The regiment was sent in close up to the enemy's works on our ex- 
treme left at Vicksburg. We went in after dark and were told that we 
could not be relieved until after dark next night. James F. Brotherton had a 
presentiment of impending calamity. He said, "We'll all be captured or 
killed if we don't get out of here." He continued in this restless strain, 
making much of his fears. As we could not see what was before us and 
not knowing what influence his strange conduct might have on others, 
Captain Wakefield threatened to place him under guard if he did not keep 
quiet. About the time the Captain had him quieted down the enemy was 
upon them and the Captain, Lieutenant Barr and eighteen men were 
marched into Vicksburg as prisoners of war. 



AS TOLD BY F. M. LOLLAR: 



When we reached the west bluffs of the Hatchie river early in the 
morning of Oct. 5, 1862, we found the enemy held the bridge with a bat- 
tery in the road between us and the bridge. The infantry lay in line of 
battle on either side of the road, while Captain Bolton's and the enemy's 
•battery engaged in a sharp artillery duel. The guns of the enemy were 
finally silenced, and then came the order to rush for the bridge. We had 
gone half or more of the distance to the river, when Colonel Davis was 
mortally wounded and fell from his horse. Lieutenant Colonel Jones at 
once took the command of the regiment. The bridge was won, we crossed 
over and formed in line of battle and just then Captain Fox, General 
Veatch's Adjutant General rode in front of the regiment, presented General 
Veatch's compliments and said: "The General asks the 46th to charge up 
that hill and silence the enemy's guns." Captain Fox, waving his sword, 
exclaimed, "Forty-six, follow me," and through shot and shell we dashed 
across an open field, through a skirt of timber, up the hill and the enemy 
fled. The company lost in this battle, A. R. Barker severely wounded in 
the thigh, Frank Harlow in the ankle, Jesse B. Shadle bruised on foot by 
cannister ball and David Reeves wounded in foot. 

The army had been marching all day and as night was fast approaching 
we grew anxious about getting into camp. Meeting a man with a load of 
"canteens" going for water, he asked the distance to camp. He an- 
swered, "'Bout a mile." 

The second man said, "'Bout two miles." 

A company A man said, "What do you guess the next man will say?" 
One guessed three miles, another half a mile, etc. But Park Carter 'lowed 
he'd say, "Right down dah, suh." We traveled on and finally met a darkey 
cook going for water and he was asked, "How far to camp, Sambo?" 
(Sambo,— name generally given to all black men). "Right down dah, 
suh." Then the boys had a hearty laugh but the darkey did not catch on. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 229 



AS TOLD BY SERGEANT WAKEFIELD. 



One night while the 46th was encamped at the mouth of White river, 
Arkansas, a very heavy storm swept the country, blowing down tents, 
and some of them into the river and scattering things generally. The 
boats and barges broke their cables and the wildest confusion prevailed. 

I, with a squad of men, was on duty on one of these barges guarding 
commissary stores, when the cable broke and we drifted down the Missis- 
sippi. We drifted down stream for three hours, when the current brought 
the barge near the shore. 

We ran the gang plank out and Mike Roach, of Co. H, and myself 
seized the cable, sprang into the river, reached the shore, tied the cable to 
a tree and all was secure. We were now miles from camp, surrounded by 
bellowing alligators, wild animals and darkness of night. Mike and myself 
reached camp next day after sunrise and reported the whereabouts of the 
barge and men. Our experience that night will not soon be forgotten. 



AS TOLD BY F. M. LOLLAR. 



When the command came for the 46th regiment to storm the forti- 
fications at Blakely, Alabama, April 9th, 1865, company F. climbed 
out of the ''rifle pits" and started on a run. - The ground was rough and 
in jumping off a log my sword scabbard got tangled up with my legs 
and threw me headlong. Tom_ Carter said "There, the captain's down," 
but that was not a time for looking after dead men and Tom hastened on 
to help get possession of the fort. I picked myself up and got in on time. 
After the surrender the roll was called and every man in (ranks (no 
casualties) answered promptly, "Here." That was a proud day for Com- 
pany F. 

I have read of men whose lives were saved by a new Testament, watch 
or other articles, but Fred Shuler's life was probably saved by his "to- 
bacco." It was some time after he was wounded at Shiloh before Fred 
thought of his tobacco, and when he took it from his pocket he exclaimed, 
"By hell, dey shoots my tobaccy." 



TOLD BY M. J. WHEELER. 



I was left on duty at Grand Ecore, La., with Corporal W. L. Wakefield 
and two men of Co. I. One day a "Secesh" captain came in and took oc- 
casion to abuse the Yankees in good fashion. Whereupon a Co. I man 
picked up a weight, knocked him down and kicked him out of the house. 



230 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

We were alone in that part of the country and did not need to remain 
longer, and not knowing but trouble might grow out of this affair, hailed 
the first boat going up the river. The boatmen ignored our signal, where- 
upon we fired into the boat; and it swung round, we got on board, and 
were soon with the company at Shreveport. 



AN INCIDENT OF THE BATTLE OF HATCHIE. 



The enemy had planted a battery, so that it had range of the bridge 
over the river between our troops and themselves. The oificers, I remem- 
ber, tried to get a new regiment to cross the river to charge this battery, 
but when they were under fire, they failed them, and it became necessary 
to call upon more seasoned troops. The orders to us to take their place 
came from some officer who had not been in the custom of bringing them, 
a change having been made in the division commanders, and, on this ac- 
count, our officers did not know them and failed by some misunderstand- 
ing to issue the order. When the officer returned to headquarters and re- 
ported that he could do nothing with the 46th, Capt. Fox said he would 
undertake the matter. Coming up on the gallop, he issued the orders, and, 
drawing his sword, led the old 46th across the bridge, which deploying to 
right and left, charged directly on the enemy, our battery following us on 
the run, and dismounting two of the enemy's guns before they could get 
away. I remember as we climbed the stumpy hillside, I fell prostrate over 
one of the stumps, and I heard Lieut. Shaw say, "There goes Charley," 
but I was there with the rest when the crest of the hill was reached. 



AN INCIDENT OF THE SIEGE OF BLAKELY. 



Lieut. Byrne was watching the enemy one afternoon, when we were 
under fire, and I was so situated that I could see him and he didn't see 
me. He was behind a tree to get the protection of the same, as the sharp- 
shooters were keeping a close outlook, and it was not safe to be in the 
open, and no one run such risk, unless it was necessary, The mud was 
sticky at the time, and it occurred to me that this would be a chance to 
play a good joke upon the lieutenant. So I rolled together a number of 
clay balls, and. when the lieutenant was not looking, I would spot the tree 
he was behind with one of the clay pellets I had made, and it was famous 
to see him dodge, he thinking that the enemy had located him behind the 
tree. It was some time before he discovered the trick I was playing on 
him, and, when he did, he said, "You little rascal." We used to laugh over 
it afterward, but at the time the lieutenant couldn't see the joke. 

Charles Boyd, Sergeant Co. F. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 231 



FROM COMPANY G. 



I have been asked to contribute something as a member of the 46th. 
I do not wish to boast of anything and thereupon will devote a little space 
in reference to the Guard House. At Camp Butler, in the early part of 
our service, the guard house, which, properly speaking, was a tent set 
aside for the use of the guards, who were detailed to do duty at the camp ; 
for the accommodation of the soldiers during their term of twenty-four 
hours, as shelter from the sun and storm, and the headquarters and resting 
place for those relieved from duty. The guards were divided into three 
reliefs, first, second, and third, two hours on duty and four ofif. It was the 
designated place for the officer of the guard and his list of non-commis- 
sioned officers, who were assigned to do duty under direction of the com- 
missioned officer in charge for the day. 

Here in the morning, at about 9 A. M., the pompous ceremony, known 
as mounting the guard, participated in by the Adjutant, Sergeant Major, 
and the officers of the incoming and outgoing guards, and was a very dig- 
nified and important afifair. Here the soldier was required to pay the 
strictest attention to every instruction, for on this in after service de- 
pended the fate of war. At their headquarters, there was, in many in- 
stances, another tent for the use and accommodation of the fellow who 
forgot to secure a pass to leave the camp and for the fellow who forgot to 
obey or for conduct unbecoming a soldier, and in fact for all cases of mis- 
demeanor. Of the latter little tent I was familiar. I do not wish to boast 
that I was the first to experience the comforts and soothing shelter of this 
small tent, nor that I was the advance guard honored by being the only 
one there, why, my good friends, all the other companies in the regiment 
were represented and I with the others accepted the good intention of the 
officers to do us good. Why, one good boy of Company B felt a little 
resentful and said that if his mother knew how the officers were 
treating him she would give them the devil. This same imprudent tell- 
tale gave the information to the officers. Oh, Great Scott ! there was a re- 
laxation all along the line from right to left. I can't say positively that this 
threat was the cause, but the guard tent was well represented at different 
times and did not cease to be an addition to the guard tent proper during 
the service. 

While at Memphis, Tenn., the attractions to visit the beautiful city were 
irresistable. A pass for three out of a company at one time was the limit. 
And how could seventy-five or more men wait their turn in order to see 
and mingle in the big city with all of its attractions ! What was the use 
of a small tent to confine the transgressors. Those fellows that had 
shoulderstraps and were not afraid of our mothers constructed a guard 
house of railroad iron or rails built up about five feet high. On the top the 



232 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

rails covered the whole space, placed together, on top of these cross rails 
held these in place, and for an entrance a rail was used as a lever to let out 
one of the rails or more. In this way one guard could take charge of all 
in confinement, and no danger of any escaping without assistance from the 
outside, but it was laughable to see some of those big fellows make the 
entrance after opening the doorway. They ought to have known better as 
big as they were. One old comrade asked me if I was ever in the Overton 
Hospital at Memphis. Why no, I said, but I was in the Irvin block. 
There are not many now living that remember this place, except a few of 
Company G., who made several calls there soon after pay day, but to say 
that Company G were the only ones that put up at the Irvin is 
preposterous. 



FRANK T. WILSON, COMPANY G, LEAVING HOME. 



Leaving home is one of the first battles to fight or to overcome for the 
boys, who constituted the great army for the Union. I know that my leav- 
ing will not differ much from many others, but the impressions left still 
remain with me and will be cherished and remembered, as long as life 
lasts. My experience is that of a young boy, I was fifteen years and five 
months old when I enlisted, October, 1861. I may have forgotten some 
other things, anniversaries and birth days, but I never have forgotten that 
October day in 1861, when I left my home to be a soldier. 

We arose at dawn that morning as was the custom on the farm. My 
father excused me from the usual work of doing the chores that morning, 
saying that they would have to do them alone after that. My mother 
helped me select some articles of clothing, some writing materials, needles 
and thread to take along; but I was not interested in what I was to take 
along, but was thinking more about my home leaving and the dear ones 
from whom I would soon be separated. Even the domestic animals, the 
flock of sheep that I cared for and fed, were visited and I thought that 
morning their wool looked so fine and soft as they gathered around me, 
expecting something from my hands. I thought the little lambs on the 
green had never gamboled with such glee as they did that morning. I 
looked at the hill, where in the Winter there was a coasting place for the 
boys and girls and where we met Saturday afternoons. I knew they would 
meet there again and I would not be there for three long years. 

I visited the creek where I played in summer time and made the water 
wheels, and floated out our little toy boats, and caught minnows with 
hooks made out of pins. The dam was there in which I used to bathe. I 
went a little further to the forest, where I trapped the quail and rabbits, 
and on still further until I had a last view of the old school house and play 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 233 

ground, but I thought I would not be there, and that my school days would 
be passed. Next I visited my little sister's grave and thought of the bleak 
day in winter when we laid her little form away, and how the winter snows 
covered the little mound next day. I seemed to more fully realize that 
little May was dead. My long tramp that morning should have given me 
a good appetite for breakfast, but I could not eat, nor could any of the 
family. My sister and mother went into another room to hide their tears. 
These old mothers have nearly all gone, but at the time we hardly realized 
the intense love they had for their soldier boys. In bidding them good 
by I could not say a word. 

My heart was heavy as I left the old home. When we arrived at Free- 
port, there was a large crowd, a cannon was booming, flags were flying, 
bands were playing and processions were marching, but it had no attrac- 
tions for me. My heart was in that home. I never knew when the noon 
hotir had come and had not thought of it. At about 4 o'clock in the after- 
noon father came to me and said he was talking to the Captain, who in- 
formed him the train would not leave until 9 or 10 o'clock that evening and 
that he could not stay. He gave me a pocket bible and told me to read it 
some every day and to be a good soldier and asked God to bless me. I 
took it but could not say a word. I watched the team as they went up the 
street and when lost to view I sought a back street and sat down on the 
outside of the side walk and gave way to my feelings in a flood of tears. 

The next four and a half years of my life were spent in the army, 
and participated in all the battles, sieges and marches with the regiment, 
and was mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

But the home leaving, if a sad one, was repaid to me many times over 
on the home coming with a corresponding degree of joy and gladness. 
When the news of the surrender of Lee and the confederate army was an- 
nounced, there were no bounds to the rejoicing and the loud demonstrations 
by Company G knew no bounds. Anything to make a noise was brought 
into use; the old camp kettles were beat upon by pieces of wood and for 
many days the rejoicing continued. In fact, I was looking forward with 
great anticipation of soon being a man, for I had attained the age of 19 
years and 8 months and had a right to rejoice, for I was nearing my 
majority. 



AS TOLD BY ONE OF COMPANY H. 



Pat. Nugent, of Company H, was a son of the Emerald Isle. While at 
Memphis he often visited the city with permission and many times without 
a pass, but succeeded in having his canteen filled with good old rye. His 
step was unsteady and the boys took occasion to tantalize old Pat, which 



234 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

had the tendency to make him mad. He would go to his tent, load his gun 
and start as a sentinel watching for his tormentors. On one occasion, while 
returning from the city with two canteens filled, he came to the quarters of 
Company B, where an alignment was waiting to tease him. John Mingle, 
of Company B, came to his rescue and said, "Now boys, I want you to 
leave Nugent alone. My name is Nugent," at the same time stepping up 
to Pat to shake his hand, "my parents came from Ireland when I was a 
baby." Pat said, "Sure, we are some kin by this time." Mingle was asked 
by Pat to take a taste, which he did. "Now," said Mingle, "go to your 
quarters and if the boys disturb you, call on me." Some time about 9 
o'clock Pat returned to Company B, making inquiry for Nugent's tent, 
where Mingle was again permitted to taste the contents of Pat's canteen. 
Ever afterward he was called Corporal Nugent of Company B. 



AS TOLD BY JAMES McGURK, OF COMPANY K. 



About 2 o'clock P. M., on Monday, April 7, when Col. John A. Davis 
was so severely wounded, Daniel Kinney and I carried him to the rear 
about ten rods. When assistance came, we placed the Colonel on a blanket 
and two other comrades aided in taking him back to a log house, where the 
surgeons were. We were all the time under a heavy fire. A shell from the 
enemy, which had nearly spent its force, came bounding on the ground. 
We narrowly escaped by getting out of the line of its course. Many may 
scout at the statement that a ball could be dodged, but the facts are 
as stated. 



AS TOLD BY JAS. McGURK, MEMBER COMPANY K. 



While occupying the line of the Memphis and Charleston rail road, 
some 25 mile east of Memphis, and there being no movements of the en- 
emy, some of the officers of the brigade with the 46th got up a select party 
and made arrangements to have a pleasant outing one evening at a planter's 
residence just outside the picket line. Requisition was made on the 
Quartermaster for supplies necessary, to be furnished at a pleasant gathering 
of the kind, where a banquet would be had of delicacies furnished by the 
ladies of the plantation. The secret few, who were invited, gave away the 
time and place of the social gathering. 

After the social time indulged in by the planter's household in the way 
of music and song, the table was spread, the demijohn placed nearby to 
furnish the material always indulged in at a southern plantation home; 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 235 

everything was ready to sit down and partake of the repast, when lo, 
a volley of musketry was heard nearby, then scattering shots and the com- 
mand to surrender. A break was made for the horses, the guards were 
ordered to camp; the well spread table was abandoned. Soon in came 
Company K, with their Captain in command. A large clothes basket was 
found, into which was placed the supper. Two men carried this, while two 
more carried the demijohn, containing the old rye. 

The Captain of Company K interviewed the officers of the 46th next 
morning, and all declared that they had a narrow escape. 



AS TOLD BY WM. N. CANADAY, A MEMBER OF 8th 
IOWA INFANTRY. 



After the surrender of Jackson, Mississippi, July, 1863, there was 
about one ton of ammunition captured by this regiment. Private 
P. A. Smith, of Company A, generally known now as Pa. Smith, of the 
Scranton, la., Journal, was one of the five men detailed to select what 
could be used for our own forces and to destroy the remainder. He built 
a fire about one rod from the pile and proceeded to burn it in small quan- 
tities, and he was cautioned about the method he was using in handling 
the ammunition. Being somewhat contrary, he failed to use the precaution 
in handling the explosives and set fire to the whole lot at once and was 
immediately elevated into the air, and when he came down, all singed and 
scorched and afire, his comrades ran to his assistance. Some said it was 
Pa Smith, others said it was a man from the moon. He was not seriously 
burned but received a good lesson. Today he is hale and hearty and one of 
the prominent men of the Iowa G. A. R. 



AS TOLD BY CHAPLAIN BISHOP, OF THE 37th ILLLINOIS, 
GEN. J. C. BLACK'S OLD REGIMENT. 



Rev. Bishop was a student in theology and had prepared for the 
ministry before the war. Coming from Kentucky to Indiana, and after- 
ward to Illinois, where he resided, in the Fall of '62, and where the 94th 
111. was organized, he enlisted in the defense of the Union and served in 
the ranks with distinction for one year. His regiment being brigaded with 
the 37th Illinois, Gen. Black's old veterans were without a Chaplain and 
the General, always looking out for every want of his men, sought out the 
Colonel of the 94th and inquired if he had a man in his regiment that 



236 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



would^ be a good Chaplain for the 37th. "Why," said the Colonel of the 
94th, "we haven't a man in our regiment but what would make your regi- 
ment a good Chaplain." Chaplain Bishop served acceptably in the old 
37th to the close of the service and was familiar with the foragers, and 
needed no instructions in eating chicken or hog. 



ib Vlf 0/ 

% T .^ 




MAJ. GEN. JAMES B. McPHERSON 
Commander 17th Army Corps. 





HON. JOHN H. ADDAMS COL. JOHN DEMENT 

who assisted in organizing 46th Regt. who assisted in organizing 4()th Regt. 



PLATB XXVIII 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 237 

MAJOR GENERAL JAMES B. McPHERSON. 



Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was born in Sandusky, O., Nov. 14, 
1828. He graduated at West Point in 1863, the first in his class and en- 
listed in the engineer corps. He was made Captain in Aug., 1861, and 
Brigadier General of volunteers in May, 1862. He was aide to Gen. Hal- 
leck late in 1861, and chief engineer of the Army of Tennessee, during 
service at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth and Inka Springs. In Dec. 
1862, he commanded the 17th army corps with great ability, having been 
made Major General in October. He did admiral service under Gen. 
Grant in the Vicksburg campaign (1863) and was made Brigadier General 
in the United States army in August. He was also active and efficient in 
the Atlanta campaign in 1864, distinguishing himself everywhere as la. 
Commander of the Army of the Tennessee. He was killed while recon- 
noitering in the Confederate lines, July 22, 1864. 



BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. J. A. LOGAN, STATESMAN. 



Gen. John A. Logan was born in Jackson county, 111., Feb. 9 , 1826, 
and received a common school education. He served in the Mexican war 
and was raised from the ranks of private to that of Lieutenant and Quar- 
termaster. He was admitted to the practice of law in 1852, was in the 
Illinois legislature and in congress from 1859 to 1862. He was a private 
in a Michigan regiment at, the battle of Bull Run (July, 1861). He re- 
turned to Illinois and raised the 31st Illinois Infantry, of which he was 
commissioned Colonel. He was wounded at Fort Donelson, and the fol- 
lowing month (March, 1862) was made a Brigadier General. In April of 
the same year he was promoted to Major General and commanded a 
division at the Vicksburg and Atlanta campaign (1863-1864). He was one 
of the most successful volunteer Generals. 

He was again elected to congress in 1866 and remained in the house 
till March 4, 1871, when he entered the senate, having been elected to suc- 
ceed Richard Yates. At the expiration of this term, in 1877, he was de- 
feated for reelection, but in 1879 he was a successful candidate and held 
his seat by reelection in 1885 till his death. In 1884, he was a republican 
candidate for Vice President of the United States on the unsuccessful 
ticket headed by James G. Blaine. 

Gen. Logan died in Washington, D. C, Dec. 26, 1886. He was an ag- 
gressive and effective speaker and took an active part in the senate on the 
reconstruction, and the impeachment of President Johnson. He was 
elected Commander of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of 
the Republic in 1868. 

16 



238 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

COL. JOHN DEMENT. 



(Biography furnished by his son, Henry D. Dement.) 

John Dement, Dixon, 111., organized four companies which were con- 
solidated with the companies raised by Col. John A. Davis, of Freeport, 
111. The companies of Col. Davis were called the Freeport Companies and 
the companies of Col. Dement were called the Dixon Companies. During 
the organization of the Dixon Companies, Col. Dement was elected a mem- 
ber of the constitutional convention of 1861, and every member of that 
convention signed a petition addressed to Gov. Yates requesting the ap- 
pointment of Col. Dement as a Brigadier General of Volunteers. All his 
friends and himself believed that he would be appointed. Therefore he 
consented to the consolidation of the companies that he had raised with 
those Col. Davis had raised, and Col. Davis to be Colonel of the regiment 
and John Jones, of the Dixon Companies, to be Lieutenant Colonel. Col. 
Dement was not appointed Brigadier General, for the reason that Illinois 
had all the brigadiers it was entitled to, on account of the number of 
regiments it had sent into the service. 

The subject of this sketch was born at Sumner, Gallatin county, 
Tenn., in 1804, and moved with his father to Franklin county. III, in 1813. 
At the age of 26 he was elected sheriff of the county. At 28 years of age 
he was elected a member of the Illinois General Assembly, at Vandalia, 
111., and by that body elected State Treasurer, which position he resigned 
at the request of the citizens of Vandalia to oppose the removal of the 
State Capital to Springfield. Mr. Lincoln was the leader of the Long Nine 
that were trying to make the removal, and finally accomplished it. 

In 1833, he married a daughter of Gen. Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin, 
but at that time commanding a regiment in the regular army at Ft. Leaven- 
worth, Kan. In 1838, he commanded the Spy Batallion, composed of 
citizens of Southern Illinois, and rode from Vandalia to Dixon Ferry on 
horseback. On their arrival at the latter place they were ordered north by 
Gen. Zachary Taylor, some fifty miles, to ascertain the whereabouts of 
Black Hawk and his band. The second night after leaving Dixon's Ferry 
they reached the stockade at Kellogg's Grove. The next morning they 
fought Black Hawk and his entire band in the open and were driven into 
the stockade, from which they repulsed the Indians. They lost three 
killed and found five bodies of the Indians in the vicinity, dead. 

He received his title of colonel by reason of the command that he held 
in the Black Hawk war and having been on Gov. Re3Tiold's staff. In 1836, 
he moved to the lead mines in the vicinity of Galena, was Democratic 
elector from that district in the presidental election of 1844. For his ser- 
vices in this capacity, he was made receiver of public moneys by the presi- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 239 

dent and held this position during the incumbency of all Democratic presi- 
dents and until all the government land in that part of the State was dis- 
posed of. He was a Democrat in politics, and though living in Republican 
counties, he was three times elected to constitutional conventions of Illi- 
nois. The last two he was made temporary president. He died in April, 
1883. There survived him his widow, one son, and two daughters. The 
son, Henry D. Dement, was twice elected to the lower house of the Illinois 
General Assembly and once to the State Senate. Was eight years Secre- 
tary of State, and is now a U. S. P. O. Inspector, at Chicago, 111. His two 
daughters reside in Dixon, 111., the older, Mrs. E. C. Parsons, the other, 
M]rs. George H. Squires. 



HON. J. H. ADDAMS. 



Hon. John H. Addams was bom July 12, 1822 in Berks 'county. Pa. 
He received his early education in the Common Schools and, with a com- 
prehensive course at an acadamy at Tappe, Pa., was well prepared for 
active life. In 1844 he came to Stephenson Co., Ill, and located at Cedar- 
ville and established himself in business as a flour and grain dealer and 
miller. In 1847 he took a prominent part in calling a convention of land 
owners and business men of the district which resulted in the completion 
of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad. In 1854 he was elected to the 
State Senate as a republican and held his seat continuously for sixteen 
years retiring in 1870. 

He was an associate of Col. John A. Davis, the latter a member of the 
House of Representatives at the same time. Mr. Addams took an active 
part in the support of the Union during the war and was instrumental in 
raising and recruiting the 46th 111. Infantry. He devoted his time and 
money in fitting out volunteers for the Union cause, not only aiding in 
forming the 46th, but in organizing all the other regiments that received 
men from Stephenson County. A true friend of the soldiers, he never 
allowed families of soldiers to suffer for supplies or fuel during their term 
of service. 

He was elected president of the Stephenson County Soldiers Monu- 
ment Association and well and faithfully carried through to completion 
one of the finest county Soldiers' Monuments in the State. He was a 
gentleman of fine culture, of sound judgment and justly earned prominence 
in public estimation in both civil and private life, was president of 2nd 
National Bank of Freeport for many years. Died on the 18th day of 
August, 1881, at Green Bay, Wis., and was buried at Cedarville, 111. His 
wife and one son survive him, also two daughters. Mrs. Alice Halderman, 
of Girard, Kans., and Miss Jane Addams, of Hull House, Chicago. 



240 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

LETTER FROM GEN. JAMES C. VEATCH. 



The following letter written by Gen. James C. Veatch was in response 
to a letter written him by T. B. Jones to attend a reunion of the 46th to be 
held at Freeport, 111. in 1891. 

Rockport, Ind., July 1891. 
T. B. Jones, Buckeye, 111. 

Dear Comrade: — Your letter is received and I am glad to hail one of 
the old 46th Illinois. It was one of my favorite regiments and I have 
always felt a special regard for it and every one of its members. 

But to the business part of your letter first. I do not recall to mind 
private Wm. H. H. Rutter who you say was detailed and on duty at my 
headquarters . I regret that I cannot render any assistance to his widow 
in prosecuting her claim, for I do not remember any facts in his case. 
And as to my staff who might remember him they are all dead, or scattered 
where their address is not known. 

Capt. Reid, 25th Ind. and Capt. Hewitt of 15th III, who were my aids 
a great while may be living yet but I have not heard of either of them for 
years. Capt. Ankeny, afterwards Col., who was detailed from the 46th, 
would be more likely to know about Rutter than any other Staff Officer 
but I do not know his address. Express to the widow of Rutter my sym- 
pathy for her bereavement and regrets that I know nothing that can be of 
any advantage. 

Poor fellow, he was cut short in life's career by reason of exposure 
and exhausting duties rendered his country for which neither he nor 
his family can ever be rewarded as they deserve. I am glad to get the 
address of Gen. Ben. Dornblaser. I will write him. He was a good 
officer and a true soldier. Also to know of Dr. B. H. Bradshaw. Be 
sure to notify me of time and place of the reunion of the 46th. It is not 
likely that I can attend, but I should be glad to know the time. I am an 
invalid and rarely ever get away from my home. Broken down with 
neuralgia, rheumatism and disease of stomach and bowels. Am 72 
years old, and may reasonably expect to be MUSTERED OUT at any 
time. 

You add at the close of your letter the sentence "I did not steal that 
hog." I suppose that covers a joke that I have forgotten, as there were 
so many cases of "HOG" between the 14th, 15th, 46th, and 25th Ind. 
that it would be hard to remember any particular one. 

Glorious good fellows, all of them, were fairly entitled to all of the fresh 
pork in the Confederacy that chanced to run against their bayonets. 
My best wishes to yourself and all those dear to you and every member 
of the 46th. 

James C. Veatch. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 241 

The reference to "HOG" was to restrict too much foraging and es- 
pecially from parties who resided near the camp of the Army. The pro- 
vost guards overhauled many of these fellows of the Brigade and when 
brought up before the Gen. and asked where they belonged, all, with one 
accord, said, to the 25th Ind. When the Gen. all the time knew the men 
and especially those of his own regiment. With a merry twinkle in his 
eye they were assigned to some light fatigue duty. I do not think the 
punishment was for taking "HOG" but for lying. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE BATTLE FIELDS, NATIONAL 
CEMETERY AND PARK. BY COMRADE E. A. SYNDER. 



Cedar Falls, Iowa, February 13, 1907. 
Lieut. Thos. B. Jones, Gilbert Station, Iowa. 

My Dear Comrade: — While recently enjoying the great privilege of 
going over Southern battle-fields and with one hundred and sixty others 
from Iowa, participating in the dedication of memorials and monuments 
to fittingly commemorate the patriotic bravery and self sacrifice of Iowa 
troops, I found myself frequently wishing that all of our comrades and 
their wifes could visit those grounds made sacred by the blood of our 
companions, who fell at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Missionary Ridge, Chickamau- 
ga, Atlanta, and other bloody fields, as well as the 13,000 who suffered 
a thousand deaths from exposure, diseases and starvation, in that mur- 
derous prison pen at Andersonville. 

For these appropriate memorials, the state of Iowa appropriated 
$150,000 to be expended at Vicksburg, $50,000 at Shiloh, $35,000 at Chat- 
tanooga, and $10,000 at Andersonville. 

The people of Illinois have erected one of the grandest memorials to 
be found in any of the five great Military Parks established by our govern- 
ment, three of which are in the West, Shiloh, Vicksburg, Lookout Moun- 
tain and Chickamauga, at a cost of over $300,000. This monument is in 
the form of a dome, about sixty five feet high, fifty feet in diameter^ 
with massive columns and forty eight broad granite steps in front. In the 
seventy nine regimental and other organizations recorded in their order 
upon the inner walls, the name of every Illinois soldier who took part 
in the investment and siege of Vicksburg, appears in plain bronze letters, 
so arranged that each may readily be found. It is located near Shirly 
house, on the line of the approach by Logan's command in their efforts to 
drive a mine under the confederate fortifications. Many smaller monu- 
ments are seen where Illinois regiments sustained losses, while Union 'and 



242 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Confederate field and siege guns are seen on every part of the park, 
pointing as in days when they were in action. 
The State monument bears this inscription : 

"The people of Illinois, free of malice, full of charity, dedicate this 
field." 

There are other appropriate inscriptions to loyal citizens; I give? 
but one: 

Not without thy wondrous story, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
Can be writ the Nation's Glory, 

Illinois, Illinois. 
On the record of thy years, 

Abraham Lincoln's name appears, 
Grant and Logan and our tears, 
Illinois, Illinois. 

The record in connection with the 46th at Vicksburg, shows seven 
officers and one hundred and four men captured. 

The Iowa State Memorial at Vicksburg is in the form of a circle, 
sixty-five feet across the front and about forty feet in height, with mounted 
equestrian figure, columns, and six battle scenes in which Iowa troops 
were prominent. 

There are also thirteen Iowa brigade, regimental and battery monu- 
ments of beautiful designs, with appropriate inscriptions. These and the 
State memorial, were dedicated and presented to the United States 
Government on the 15th of November; fine addresses, singing by the 
school children of Vicksburg in the presence of a large assembly, mark- 
ing the memorable event. 



ANDERSONVILLE NATIONAL CEMETERY 



At Andersonville National Cemetery, most tender and impressive 
dedicatory services were held November 17th, '06, in presence of a large 
number of ex-prisoners of war. Gk>v. Cummins and others making most 
appropriate addresses, following the unveiling of a beautiful monument 
with the names of one hundred and thirty four of Iowa's starved prison- 
ers engraved upon it, surmounted by the statue of a daughter weeping 
over the 13,000 brave patriots whose markers tell where their emaciated 
forms were laid. 

Great interest was taken in the prison grounds now owned by the 
Woman's Relief Corps; also in Providence Springs, from which the sweet 
water has been flowing since the hot August day in 1864 when 33,000 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 243 

famished prisoners were being poisoned by the filthy water flowing through 
a Confederate camp of 3000, and from excrement that rendered the prison- 
a veritable receptacle of filth and vermin. A stone pavillion has been built 
over the spring and upon the marble slab through which the water gushes^ 
are found these inscriptions : 

"This fountain, erected by the National Association of Ex-prisonerS 
of war and W. R. C. in memory of the 52,345 comrades who were con- 
fined here as prisoners, and of the 13,900 comrades buried in the ad- 
joining National Cemetery. 

The prisoners cry of thirst rang up to Heaven, God heard and with 
his thunderbolt cleft the earth and poured his sweetest water here. 

A thunderbolt fell with omnipotent ring and opened the fountain 
of Providence Spring." 



SHILOH NATIONAL MILITARY PARK. 



At the historic battlefield of Shiloh, where grounds known as Shiloh 
National Military Park, consisting of 3700 acres, have been purchased 
and nicely adorned with tablets, memorials, and avenues , eleven hand- 
some Iowa regimental monuments were dedicated in succession on the 
22d of November, 1906 and on the 23d more extended excercises were 
had at the State Monument, which is a marble shaft of elegant design 
nearly ninety feet in height, surmounted by an eagle with wings spread, 
and figure of "Fame" on left at base. On front: 

"This monument is erected by the State of Iowa in commemoration 
of the loyalty, patriotism and bravery of her sons who, on this battlefield 
of Shiloh on the 6th and 7th days of April, A. D. 1862, fought to perpet- 
uate the sacred union of the States." 
On the left: 

"Erave of the brave the twice five thousand men 

Who all that day stood in the battle's shock. 
Fame hold them dear, and with immortal pen 
Inscribes their names on the enduring rock." 
On the right : 
"The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but 
it can never forget what they did here." 

Four iron tablets mark important positions held by the 46th in line of 
battle, and a monument upon the open field where the regiment sustained 
its most severe loss Sabbath morning, has upon it this inscription : 

"46th Illinois, Commanded by Col. John A. Davis; Lieut. Col. J. J. 
Jones, formed here for battle at 9 :30 A. M. and maintained its position un- 



244 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



til 11 A. M., then withdrew northward to Jones' Field and formed a new 
line; twenty-five men killed, ten officers and one himdred twenty four men 
wounded, one missing ; total : one hundred sixty. 

This is near the large Illinois State monument. 

The camp of the 46th, the place in rear of camp where the dead were 
buried, also in line where the regiment lay on arms ready for battk 
Sunday night, are each designated by iron markers about thirty inches 
square, supported by iron posts. All markers are duly inscribed. 

I am indebted to Major D. W. Reed, Secretary of Shiloh National 
Military Park Commission and George Dean, Superintendent Shiloh 
National Cemetery, for the following list of names of the 46th Illinois 
Infantry recorded in the burial register of the Shiloh, Tenn. National 
Cemetery : 



Names 










Date 


of Death 


No. of 


Rack 


Co. 






Month 


Day 


Year 


grave 


Robert Ai key 


Pvt. 


G 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1925 


A. F. Arnold 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 








1911 


George Ash 


Pvt. 


D 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1927 


George D. Beler. . 


Pvt. 


G 


46 


in. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1924 


Hiram Clingman. 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1905 


John Coyle 


Pvt. 


H 


46 


III. Inf. 


Mav 


6 


1862 


1932 


Nittert Djurkcu.. 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


23 


1862 


1918 


A. F. Echelbarger 


Sre't 


D 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1903 


John Elliott 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1909 


John Esie 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


111. Inf. 








2851 


Henrich Giboni.. . 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


III. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1913 


Fred Hasselmann 


Pvt. 


c 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


7 


1862 


1915 


H. Hickey 


Pvt. 


G 


46 


ID, inf. 






1862 


1925 


Wm H. Holsinger 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


1 


1862 


1904 


E. V. Kellog 


Pvt. 


B 


46 


111. luf. 


April 


7 


1862 


1923 


Andrias Knock... 


Pvt. 


c 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1914 


Aron Lapp 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


111. Inf. 


May 


4 


1862 


310 


Leon Marbeth 


Pvt. 


c 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


7 


1862 


1916 


James S. Martin.. 


Pvt. 


E 


46 


111. Inf. 


May 


16 


1862 


1931 


Samuel Milliard.. 


Pvt. 


D 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1928 


Johann Rebel 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1912 


Con. Richmayer.. 


Pvt. 


C 


46 


111. Inf. 


Jan. 


1 


1862 


2912 


Wm. H. Rodimer. 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1910 


Henry G. Rogers. 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1^,'08 


Burrell Stephens.. 


Pvt. 


D 












1929 


Hoot John 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 




1907 


James Welby 


Pvt. 


D 


46 


111. Inf. 








1926 


John Whistler ... 


Pvt. 


A 


46 


111. Inf. 


April 


6 


1862 


1906 


Peter Welsh 


Pvt. 


E 


46 


III. Inf. 


May 


4 


1862 


3989 


Unknown 




C 


46 


Ill, Inf. 








1917 



The length of this letter forbids of more than passing mention of the 
battlefield of Atlanta, the beautiful Iowa monuments dedicated at Look- 





REV. WM. J. RUTLEDGE 
Chaplain 14th 111. Inft., one of 
founders of the G. A. R. 



B. F. STEPHENSON, M. D. 

14th 111. Inft., one of the founders of 

the National G. A. R. 



PLATE XXIX 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 245 

out Mountain, Sherman Heights, on Missionary Ridge, and Rossville 
Gap. Also of the great National Military Park Chickamauga, containing 
about six thousand acres, dotted with cannon, monuments and memorials 
of the sanguinary struggle to perpetuate union and freedom. 

Count not the cost of honor to the dead ! 

The tribute that a mighty nation pays 

To those who loved her well in former days 

Means more than gratitude for glories fled; 

For every noble man that she hath bred. 

Immortalized by art's immortal praise. 

Lives in the bronze and marble that we raise, 

To lead our sons as he our fathers led. 

These monuments of manhood, brave and high, 

Do more than forts or battleships to keep 

Our dear-bought liberty. They fortify 

The heart of youth with valor wise and deep ; 

They build eternal bulwarks and command 

Eternal strength to guard our native land. 

— Henry Van Dyke. 

Your Comrade, 

E. A. Snyder. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLINOIS STATE MONUMENT. 



The pedestal is of best Barre granite, built solid with stones of large 
size, as will be seen by reference to the specifications. 

It is twelve feet square at the base, with a graceful curving taper to 
about ten feet square at the top. It is twenty-three feet high, built up in 
ten courses. The lines are simple, but its massive construction impresses 
you with a sense of dignity and stability. 

The crowning figure, of standard bronze and weighing nearly 7,000 
pounds, is twelve feet high and is designed to represent Illinois, whose 
record of her son's achievements on this field can be found on the pages 
of the book where her finger parts the leaves. The sword is sheathed, 
but the scabbard is held with firm grasp, as if in readiness for release of 
the blade again and renewal of the battle should occasion at any time re- 
quire. Watchfully, guardingly, her gaze is bent toward the south, from 
whence her enemies came, and the look upon her face is one of admonition. 
The splendid countenance has a definite expression to its dignity. Over 
her shoulders is thrown a military cape, cast back to leave the arms free. 

In the south front has been sunk a bronze relief, bold in its concep- 
tion and execution, and suggests a battle scene in the thick timber of the 
Shiloh field. Under this relief is cut in the granite the following legend : 



246 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

"ILLINOIS 

ERECTS THIS MONUMENT TO COMMEMORATE HER SONS 

WHO GAVE THEIR SERVICES TO PERPETUATE THE 

HONOR AND GLORY OF THE UNITED STATES." 



On the North Front — The great seal of the State of Illinois, seven 
feet in diameter, in standard bronze, and on either side a blazing torch. 
On the West Front — The quotation from Lincoln's speech at Gettysburg. 

"The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but 
it can never forget what they did here." 

On the East Front — "Illinois had in this battle 27 regiments of in- 
fantry, 10 batteries of artillery and 6 detachments of cavalry. Her loss 
in killed and wounded was 3,957, in missing 410." 



GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 



The order of the Grand Army of the Republic was organized in the 
State of Illinois early in 1866. To Dr. B. F. Stephenson, Surg, of 14th 
Illinois and Chaplain Rutledge of the same regiment, of the 2nd Brigade, 
in which the 46th served so long, belongs the honor of suggesting the 
formation of the Union of Veteran Soldiers and of launching the organi- 
zation into existence. The object of the combination was to afford assist- 
ance to disabled and unemployed soldiers. Dr. Stephenson had been a 
surgeon in a vokmteer regiment during the war and was firmly convinced 
that an organization of the returned volunteers for mutual benefit was 
imparitively needed. A ritual was drafted under his supervision and the 
first Post of the new order was formed at Decatur, 111. Other Posts were 
soon mustered throughout Illinois and contiguous states, and the first 
department (State) convention was held at Springfield, 111., July 12, 
1866. Gen. John M. Palmer was there elected Department Commander. 
Oct. 31, 1866, Dr. Stephenson, as Provisional Commander-in-Chief, sent 
out an order to all the Posts then formed, calling for the first National 
Convention of the Grand Army of the Republic. This was held in In- 
dianapolis, Ind., on Nov. 20 following and representatives were present 
from the states of Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Wisconsin, New York, 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, Kentucky, Indiana and District of Columbia. 
Gen. S. A. Hurlbut of the old 4th Division was elected Commander-in- 
Chief. 

During the year of 1867 the Order spread rapidly. The Second Na- 
tional Encampment met at Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 15, 1868, found the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 247 



Order in a most promising condition. In 1868 the first observance of 
May 30, as a Memorial Day by the Grand Army of the Republic was 
ordered, and on May 11, 1870, May 30 was fixed upon for the annual 
observance by an article adopted as part of the rules and regulations of 
the Order. At this time a rule was adopted prohibiting the use of the 
organization for any partisan purposes whatever, a principle which has 
ever since been strictly adhered to. 

Following is the Roster of the National Encampment of the Grand 
Army of the Republic held thus far : 

Past Commanders-in-Chief. 

*B. F. Stephenson (provisional) (died Aug. 30, 1871).... 1866 

*S. A. Hurlbut, Illinois (died March 27, 1882) 1866-67 

*John A. Logan, Illinois (died Dec. 26, 1886) 1868-70 

*Ambrose E. Burnside, Rhode Island (died Sept. 18, 1881) 1871-72 

*Charles Devens, Massachusetts (died Jan. 7, 1892) . . . . ; 1873-74 

*John F. Hartranft, Pennsylvania (died Oct. 17, 1899) 1875-76 

*John C. Robinson, New York (died Feb. 18, 1897) 1877-78 

*William Earnshaw, Ohio, (died July 17, 1885) 1879 

Louis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa 1880 

*George S. Merrill, Massachusetts (died Feb. 17, 1900) 1881 

*Paul Van Dervoort, Nebraska (died July 29, 1902) 1882 

Robert B. Beath, Philadelphia, Pa 1883 

John S. Kountz, Toledo. Ohio 1884 

S. S. Burdett, Washington, D. C 1885 

*Lucius Fairchild, Wisconsin (died May 23, 1896) 1886 

*John P. Rea, Minnesota (died May 28, 1900) 1887 

William Warner, Kansas City. Mo 1888 

Russel A. Alger, Detroit, Mich 1889 

*Wheelock G. Veazey, Vermont (died March 22, 1898) 1890 

*John Palmer, Albany, N. Y. (died April 15, 1905) 1891 

A. G. Weissert, Milwaukee, Wis 1892 

*John G. B. Adams, Mass. (died Oct. 19, 1900) 1893 

Thomas G. Lawler, Rockford, 111 1894 

*Ivan N. Walker, Ind., (died Sept. 22, 1905) 1895 

T. S. Clarkson, Omaha, Neb 1896 

John P. S. Gobin, Lebanon, Pa 1897 

*Jame A. Sexton, Illinois (died Feb. 5, 1899) 1898 

W. C. Johnson, Cincinnati, Ohio (elected Sept. 6, 1899) 1899 

♦Albert D. Shaw. New York (died Feb. 10, 1901) 1899 

Leo Rassieur, St. Louis, Mo. . 1900 

Ell Torrance, Minneapolis, Minn 190*1 

Thomas J. Stewart, Norristown, Pa 1902 

John C. Black, Chicago, 111 1903 

*Wilmon W. Blackmar. Mass., (died July 16, 1905) 1904 

John R. King, Baltimore, Md 1904 

Robert E. Brown, Ohio 1906 

♦Deceased 



248 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

PEACE. 



Thank God for rest, where none molest, 

And none can make afraid. — 
For Peace that sits as Plenty's guest 
Beneath the homestead shade ! 

Bring pike and gun, the sword's red scourge, 

The negro's broken chains. 
And beat them at the blacksmith's forge 

To plowshares for our plains. 

Alike henceforth our hills of snow, 
And vales where cotton flowers ; 

All streams that flow, all winds that blow, 
Are Freedom's motive-powers. 

Henceforth to Labor's chivalry 

Be knightly honors paid ; 
For nobler than the sword's shall be 

The sickle's accolade. — Whittier. 



ORIGIN OF MEMORIAL DAY. 



Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic. 

Washington, D. C, May 5, 1868. 
General Orders No. 11. 

I. The 30th day of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing 
with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died 
in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies 
now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet in the land. In this ob- 
servance no form of ceremony is prescribed, but Posts and comrades will 
in their own way arrange such fitting services and testimonials of respect 
as circumstances may permit. We are organized, comrades, as our Regu- 
lations tell us, for the purpose, among other things, "of preserving and 
strengthening those kind and fraternal feelings which have bound to- 
gether the soldiers, sailors and marines who united to suppress the late 
rebellion." What can aid more to assure this result than by cherishing 
tenderly the memory of our heroic dead, who made their breasts a barricade 
between our country and its foes? Their soldier lives were the reveille 
of freedom to a race in chains, and their deaths the tattoo of rebellious 
tyranny in arms. We should guard their graves with sacred vigilance. 
All that the consecrated wealth and taste of the Nation can add to their 
adornment and security is but a fitting tribute to the memory of her slain 
defenders. Let no wanton foot tread rudely on such hallowed grounds. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 249 

Let pleasant paths invite the coming and going of reverent visitors and 
fond mourners. Let no vandalism of avarice or neglect, no ravages of time, 
testify to the present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten 
as a people the cost of a free and undivided Republic. 

If other eyes grow dull and other hands slack, and other hearts cold 
in the solemn trust, ours shall keep it well as long as the light and warmth 
of life remain to us. 

Let us, then, at the time appointed, gather around their sacred re- 
mains and garland the passionless mounds above them with the choicest 
flowers of Springtime ; let us raise above them the dear old Flag they saved 
from dishonor; let us, in this solemn presence, renew our pledges to aid 
and assist those whom they have left among us, a sacred charge upon a 
Nation's gratitude — the soldier's and sailor's widow and orphan. 

II. It is the purpose of the Commander-in-Chief to inaugurate this 
observance with the hope that it will be kept up from year to year while a 
survivor of the war remains to honor the memory of his departed com- 
rades. He earnestly desires the public press to call attention to this Order, 
and lend its friendly aid in bringing it to the notice of comrades in all 
parts of the country in time for simultaneous compliance therewith. 

III. Department Commanders will use every effort to make this order 
effective. 

By command of John A. Logan, Commander-in-Chief; N. P. Chip- 
man, Adjutant-General. 



PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ADDRESS AT GETTYSBURG. 



"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this con- 
tinent a new Nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition 
that all men are created equal. 

"Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that Nation, 
or any Nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met 
on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of 
that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that 
that Nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should 
do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we 
cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who strug- 
gled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. 
The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can 
never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedi- 
cated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far 
so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task 



250 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased de- 
votion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion 
— that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — 
that this Nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that 
government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish 
from the earth." 



THE PHANTOM ARMY. 



(By Bret Harte.) 

I read last night of the Grand Review 
In Washington's chiefest avenue — 
Two hundred thousand men in blue, 
I think they said was the number — 
Till I seemed to hear their tramping feet, 
The bugle's blast and the drum's quick beat, 
The clatter of hoofs in the stony street, 
The cheers of people who came to greet, 
And the thousand details that to repeat 

Would only my verse encumber — 
Till I fell in a reverie sad and sweet, 

And then to a beautiful slumber. 
When, lo ! in a vision I seemed to stand 
In the lonely Capitol ! on each, hand 
Far stretched the portico ; dim and grand, 
Its columns ranged like a martial band 
Of sheeted specters whom some command 

Had called to a last reviewing. 
The streets of the city were white and bare. 
No footfall echoed across the square ; 
But out of the misty mountain air 
I heard in the distance a trumpet blare, 
And the wandering night wind seemed to bear 

The sound of a far tattooing. 
And I saw a phantom army come, 
With never an arch save the vaultless 
But keeping step to a muflfled hum 

Of wailing and lamentation ; 
The martyred heroes of Malvern Hill, 
Of Gettysburg and Chancellorsville, 
The men whose wasted bodies fill 

The patriot graves of the Nation. 
An there came the unknown, the men 
Who died in fever swamp and fen. 
The slowly starved of the prison pen ; 

And, marching beside the others, 
Came the dusky martyrs of Pillow's fight. 
With limbs enfranchised and bearing bright ; 
I thought — perhaps 'twas the pale moonlight — 

They looked as white as their brothers. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 251 

And so all night marched the Nations's dead, 

With never a banner above them spread 

Nor a badge nor a motto brandished; 

No mark — save the bare, uncovered head 
Of the silent, grim Reviewer ; 

With never an arch save the vaultless sky; 

With never a flower save those which lie 

On the distant graves — for love could buy- 
No gift that was purer or truer. 

So all night long swept the strange array. 

So all night long till the morning gray, 

I watched for one who had passed away, 
With a reverent awe and wonder — 

Till a blue cap waved in the lengthening line, 

And I knew that one who was kin of mine 

Had come ; and I spoke — and, lo ! that sign 
Awakened me from my slumber. 



COVER THEM OVER. 



(By Carleton.) 

Cover them over with beautiful flowers; 
Deck them with garlands, those brothers of ours; 
Lying so silent, by night and by day. 
Sleeping the years of their manhood away; 
Years they must waste in the sloth of the grave. 
All the bright laurels that promise to bloom 
Fell to the earth when they went to the tomb. 
Give them the meed they have won in the past ; 
Give them the honors their merits forecast; 
Give them the chaplets they won in the strife; 
Give them the laurels they lost with their life. . 
Cover them over — yes, cover them over — 
Parent, and husband, and brother and lover; 
Crown in your heart these dead heroes of ours, 
And cover them over with beautiful flowers ! 
Cover the thousands who sleep far away — 
Sleep where their friends cannot find them to-day; 
They who in mountain and hillside and dell ' 
Rest where they wearied, and lie where they fell. 
Softly the grassblade creeps round their repose, 
Sweetly above them the wild flower blows ; 
Zephyrs of freedom fly gently o'erhead. 
Whispering names for the patriot dead. 
So in our minds we will name them once more, 
So in our hearts we will cover them o'er; 
Roses and lilies and violets blue. 
Bloom in our souls for the brave and the true. 
Cover them over — yes, cover them over — 
Parent, and husband, and brother, and lover; 



252 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Think of those far-away heroes of ours, 
And cover them over with beautiful flowers ! 
When the long years have crept slowly away, 
E'en to the dawn of earth's funeral day; 
When at the archangel's trumpet and tread. 
Rise up the faces and forms of the dead; 
When the great world its last judgment awaits; 
When the blue sky shall swing open its gates, 
And our long columns march silently thru. 
Past the Great Captain, for final review ; 
Then for the blood that has flown for the right, 
Crowns shall be given, untarnished and bright ; 
Then the glad ear of each war-martyred son 
Proudly shall hear the good judgment, "Well done." 
Blessings for garlands shall cover them over — 
Parent, and husband, and brother, and lover; 
God will reward those dead heroes of ours. 
And cover them over with beautiful flowers ! 



WAR. 



We wait beneath the furnace blast 

The pangs of transformation ; 
Not painlessly doth God recast 
And mold anew the Nation. 
Hot burns the fire 
Where wrongs expire; 
Nor spares the hand 
That from the land 
Uproots the ancient evil. 

The hand-breadth cloud the sages feared 

Its bloody rain is dropping; 
The poison plant the fathers spared 
All else is overtopping. 

East, West, South, North, 
It curses the earth ; 
All justice dies, 
And fraud and lies 
Live only in its shadow. 

Then let the selfish lip be dumb. 

And hushed the breath of sighing; 
Before the joy of peace must come 
The pains of purifying. 
God give us grace 
Each in his place 
To bear his lot. 
And, murmering not, 
Endure and wait and labor ! 

— WhJttier. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 253 



THE BIVOUAC OF THE BLUE. 



(By T. C. Harbaugh.) 

There's a sound among the pine trees 

In the battle-haunted glade, 
And a bird her mate is calling 

Where the fiercest charge was made, 
And a river fair is flowing 

'Neath the bivouac of the true, 
And the wind is gently blowing 

Thru the old camps of the Blue. 

Yonder stalks a ghostly sentry, 

Ah. you cannot hear his tread. 
For his beat but dimly stretches 

Thru the long aisles of the dead, 
And a single drum seems beating 

Where the old ranks used to form, 
And a thousand wait the signal 

For the bursting of the storm. 

On a hilltop floats a banner 

Gaily out against the sun, 
And the light glints fiercely, bravely, 

On the silent brazen gun ; 
There are violets in the valley. 

And the clover fields are red, 
And the squadron brave, retreating, 

Leaves behind a line of dead. 

'Tis a dream ! To-day are falling 

Bud and blossom for the true. 
And the wreathlet and the chaplet 

Lie upon the breasts of blue; 
From the mountain to the river. 

From the river to the plain, 
'Neath the drooped and bordered banner 

Come the marchers once again. 

And a thinned and silvered remnant 

Of the ranks that long ago 
In the thickest of the battle 

Sought in youth the eager foe, 
Bent, and proud and noble daring 

Step again behind the drum. 
And to comrades 'neath the cedars 

Say with faithful lips, "We come." 

With the blossoms of the meadows. 

With the bloom that flecks the wold, 
With the roses in their beauty 

And the lily's heart of gold, 
Down the street they bear their off'rings, 

Wet with Heaven's star-kissed dew, 
And the winds of night will stir them 

On the bosoms of the Blue. 



254 HISTORY OF FORT Y-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Aye, from every mart and hamlet, 

Aye, from every loyal home, 
Come the blossoms for the heroes, 

Who once fought on land and foam; 
Peace and Love unite to crown them 

Over all the land to-day. 
And upon each mould'ring bosom 
. Fall the treasured bloom of May. 

Let the wild war drum be muffled, 

Let the silent tear be shed, 
While Columbia crowns her children 

In the bivouac of the dead ; 
There's a rose for every hero, 
There's a wreath for all to-day. 
And the Nation's love grows stronger 

'Neath the bended skies of May. 

— Casstown, O, 



SOMEBODY'S PRIDE. 



(By Clement Scott.) 

Plume on the helmet, and sword to the shoulder, 

Sound the advance ! Never call the retreat ! 
Some are as fair, not a man can look bolder. 

Reigning his charger, to ride down the street. 
Up with the windows, the regiment passes, 

Glory will cover the old colors that droop; 
Love lights the eyes and the lips of the lassies. 

Somebody nods to the Pride of the Troop. 

Dust on his helmet, and sword that is broken; 

Sound the recall to the scattering men ; 
Victory wavers, with death for its token; 

Hundreds return to us. Where are the ten? 
Lone in a chamber a maiden is weeping — 

Eyes that have sparkled with sorrow can droop; 
Dead on the battlefield heroes are sleeping — 

Somebody prays for the Pride of the Troop. 

Laurel on helmet, a sword that is rusted. 

Gather the women and marshal the men ! 
Honor is due to the soldiers we trusted 

Cheer for the hundred, but weep for the ten ! 
Out from the crowd a young maiden is lifted. 

Lifted on shoulders that gallantly stoop ; 
Tears are forgotten, and sorrow has drifted, 

Somebody kisses the Pride of the Troop ! 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 255 



DECORATION DAY. 



(By Susie M. Best.) 
Here is a lily and here is a rose, 

And here is a heliotrope, 
And here is the woodbine sweet that grows 

On the garden's sunny slope. 

Here is a bit of mignonette, 

And here is a geranium red, 
A pansy bloom and a violet 

I found in a mossy bed. 

These are the flowers I love the best. 

And I've brought them all to lay 
With loving hands where soldiers rest. 

On Decoration Day. 



THE NATIONAL CEMETERIES. 



The Number of Interments in Each Up to the 
Close of the Last Fiscal Year. 

War Department, Oflfice of the Quartermaster-General, Washington, 
D. C, July 1, 1906. 

List of National Cemeteries, showing the number of interments in 
each, June 30, 1906 : 

Inteimenb. 

c 

Name of Cemetery. % a — 

o ^ S 

c c o 

V! D H 

Alexandria, La 551 772 1,323 

Alexandria, Va 3,427 124 3,551 

Andersonville, Ga 12,794 925 13,719 

Annapolis, Md 2,304 204 2,508 

Antietam, Md 2,921 1,830 4,751 

Arlington, Va 15,751 4,623 20,376 

Balls Bluff, Va 1 24 25 

Barrancas, Fla 920 710 1,680 

Baton Rouge, La 2,559 532 3,091 

Battle Ground, D. C, 43 .... 43 

Beaufort, S. C, 4,862 4,544 9,406 

Beverly, N. J 181 7 188 

Brownsville, Tex 1,480 1,379 2,859 

Camp Butler, 111 1,013 356 1,369 

Camp Nelson, Ky 2,464 1,189 3,653 

Cave Hill, Ky 3,760 582 4,342 

Chalmette, La 7,159 5,745 12,904 

Chattanooga, Tenn 8,439 4,970 13,409 

City Point, Va 3,780 1,379 5,159 



256 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Cold Harbor, Va 672 1,290 1,962 

Corinth, Miss 1,794 3,936 5,730 

Crown Hill, Ind 953 33 986 

Culpepper, Va 463 912 1,375 

Custer Battlefield, Mont 983 244 1,227 

Cypress Hills, N. Y 6,129 381 6,510 

Danville, Ky 349 8 357 

Danville, Va 1,175 156 1,331 

Fayetteville, Ark 482 782 1,264 

Finns Point, N. J 113 2,539 2,652 

Florence, S. C 209 2,801 3,010 

Fort Donelson, Tenn 163 512 675 

Fort Gibson, I. T 257 2,212 2,469 

Fort Harrison, Va 243 575 818 

Fort Leavenworth. Kans 1,941 1,549 3,490 

Fort McPherson, Neb 478 353 831 

Fort Scott, Kans 634 125 759 

Fort Smith, Ark 869 1,485 2,354 

Fredericksburg, Va 2,508 12,802 15,310 

Gettysburg, Pa 2,005 1,631 3,636 

Glendale, Va 238 969 1,207 

Grafton, W. Va 643 620 1,266 

Hampton, Va 8,914 600 9,514 

Jefferson Barracks, Mo 9,172 2,932 12,104 

Jefferson City, Mo 401 411 812 

Keokuk, Iowa 725 43 768 

Knoxsville. Tenn 2,311 1,067 3,378 

Lebanon, Ky 596 277 873 

Lexington, Ky 840 112 952 

Little Rock, Ark 3,474 2,370 5,844 

Loudon Park, Md 2,993 381 3,374 

Marietta, Ga 7,386 2,978 10,364 

Memphis, Tenn 5,206 9,017 14,223 

Mexico City, Mex 765 750 1,515 

Mill Springs, Ky 354 368 722 

Mobile, Ala 843 229 1,072 

Mound City, 111 2,632 2,732 5.364 

Nashville, Tenn 11,972 4,711 16,683 

Natchez, Miss 471 2,780 3,251 

New Albany, Ind 2,319 676 2,995 

Newbern, N. C 2,259 1,100 3,359 

Philadelphia, Pa 2,712 188 2,900 

Poplar Grove, Va 2,200 4,012 6,212 

Port Hudson, La 600 3,239 3,839 

Quincy, 111 230 57 287 

Raleigh, N. C 639 572 1,211 

Richmond, Va 871 5,700 6,571 

Rock Island, 111 290 20 310 

Salisbury, N. C 112 12,035 12,147 

San Antonio, Tex 1,289 284 1,573 

San Francisco, Cal 4,844 467 5,311 

Santa Fe, N. M 394 442 836 

Seven Pines, Va 163 1,225 1,388 

Shiloh, Tenn 1.240 2,377 3,617 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 257 

Soldiers' Home, D. C 6,802 291 7,093 

Springfield, Mb 1,029 740 1,769 

St. Augustine, Fla 1,696 73 1,769 

Staunton, Va 237 527 764 

Stone River, Tenn 3,819 2,333 6,152 

Vicksburg, Miss 4,094 12,769 16,863 

Wilmington, N. C 749 1,577 2,326 

Winchester, Va 2,102 2,387 4,489 

Woodlawn, N. Y 3,068 7 3,075 

Yorktown, Va 756 1,435 2,191 

Total 201,282 152,103 353,385 

Of these interments about 9,800 are those of Confederates, being mainly 
in the National Cemeteries at Camp Butler, Cypress Hills, Finns Point, 
Fort Smith, Hampton, Jefferson Barracks and Woodlawn. 



APPOMATTOX. 



To peace-white ashes sink war's lurid flame. 

The drums had ceased to growl, and died away 
The bark of guns, where fronting armies lay, 

And for the day the dogs of war were tame, 
And resting on the field of bloodbought fame. 

For conquered peace o'er horrid war held sway 
On her won field, a score of years to-day. 

Where to her champion forth a white flag came. 

O, Nation's chief; thine eyes have seen again 
A whiter flag come forth to summon thee 

Than that pale scarf which gleamed above war's staJi 
To parley o'er the end of its red reign — 

The truce of God that sets from battle free 

Thy dauntless soul and thy worn life from pain. 



THE PASSING OF THE VETERAN. 



(By J. E. Oilman.) 

The years roll by. Time swiftly wings its flight, 

We're growing old. 
The wintry blast has touched us with its blight. 

We're growing old. 
Our eyes are dimmed, our ears refuse to hear, 

Our faltering steps proclaim the end is near. 

It was not thus when treason raised its head. 

Then we were young. 
When strong men paled and all was doubt and dread. 

Then we were young. 
At Lincoln's call we fought for liberty. 

A land we saved, a people we set free. 



258 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



We murmur not at our advancing age, 

Thy will be done; 
We've played our part; we're passing off the stage, 

Thy will be done. 
We wrought for God, for country and for right. 

We've born our cross. O, may our crown be bright. 

Close his eyes, his work is done ! 

What to him is friend or foeman ! 
Rise of moon, or set of sun, 

Hand of man, or kiss of woman? 
Lay him low, lay him low. 

In the clover or the snow ! 
What cares he? he cannot know 

Lay him low. 

As man may, he fought his fight, 

Proved his truth by his endeavor; 
Let him sleep in solemn night. 

Sleep forever and forever. 
Lay him low, lay him low, 

In the clover or the snow ! 
What cares he? he cannot know; 

Lay him low! 

Fold him in his country's stars. 

Roll the drum and fire the volley! 
What to him are all our wars, 

What but death bemocking folly ? 
Lay him low, etc. — 

Leave him to God's watching eye, 

Trust him to the hand that made him. 
Mortal love weeps idly by: 

God alone has power to aid him. 
Lay him low, etc. — 



MAY 30. 



(By Harry J. Shellman.) 

Hang out the flag, the dear old flag, upon the outer wall. 

I hear again the fife's shrill notes, the bugle's mellow call. 
Once more the veterans fill the ranks, in files not serried tho. 

As when they marched into the South some 40 years ago. 
I hear the sound of marching men, the tramp of myriad feet. 

The steady footfalls echo all along the paved street. 
They follow where "Old Glory" leads, with solemn step and slow, 

Not light and springy as they marched some forty years ago. 
Year after year they fewer grow, their ranks are thinning fast 

And more graves dot the hillside slopes as every May goes past, 
And gray heads nod along the line where dark hair used to grow 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 259 

When marching down in Dixie's Land some 40 years ago. 
I seem, to view again the scenes when men went marching forth; 

I seem to see again the grand uprising of the North; 
I hear again the echoing cheer, the plaudits of the crowd, 

And see the boys march to the front with valiant mien and proud. 
I see the father's brief farewell, the mother's fond embrace; 

I note the lover's sad good-by, the lorn wife's tear-stained face; 
The children's half bewildered look so suited to their years, 

When tinsel and display so ill seem cause for mother's tears. ' 

I hear the ringing cheers for those who're marching forth to meet 

Honor and fame and victory, perchance death or defeat. 
Some went to meet a shattered life, with valiant hearts and brave, 

And some like those who march to-day, were marching toward the grave. 
I seem to see again arise the clouds of sulphurous smoke; 

I hear again the clanging hoofs, the saber's vigorous stroke; 
I hear the p-i-n-g of minie balls, the cannon's loud-mouthed roar, 

The clash of steel, the human yells, the fiery hate of war. 
I see the bloody pictures made upon a landscape green ; 

I see the comrades' parched lips wet from the same canteen : 
I see men die for other men ; I see the true and brave 

Form comradeship and brotherhood that lasts beyond the grave. 
I hear again the battle cry that rang at Malvern Hill, 

The cheer that rose at Round Top, the shout at Chancellorsville; 
I see again the sailor men sweep up through Mobile Bay; 

I see the sights on Lookout Heights and Allatoona's fray. 
I see the famous seaward march; I see the bummer's foray; 

I see the mine at Petersburg burst up with columns gory. 
The panorama passes on, with shriek and yell and rattle, 

The pandemonium and din and carnage of the battle, 
Now all goes calmer once again, and Johnnies homeward march. 

And flags are waved, and cheers are given, and towns their highways arch. 
Sweet peace smiles on the land once more, but many sad tears flow 

For those who stayed in Dixie's Land some 40 years ago. 
The panorama's passed away; the years have sped along; 

I hear again the tramping feet, the murmur of the throng. 
'Tis not a gala day parade, nor yet a martial show, 

As when they marched to Dixie's Land some 40 years ago. 
Hang out the flag, the dear old flag, upon the outer wall 

When sounds again the shrill-toned fife, the bugle's mellow call. 
Once more the veterans fill the ranks and tramp with footsteps slow 

To honor dead who tramped with them some 40 years ago. 
They hide no hatred in their hearts for those who wore the gray, 

But comradeship of bygone years will bind brave hearts for aye. 
With those who struggled side by side fraternal love must grow 

As ranks grow thin of those who marched some 40 years ago. 



THE SLEEPING SOLDIERS. 



(By Arthur J. Burdick.) 
Some sleep 'neath the soft Summer sun of the South, 

Where the flowers never fail and the vine never springs ; 
Where the air bears perfume and the echoes repeat 

The rapturous song that the mocking-bird sings. 



260 HISTORY OF FOR TY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Some rest mid the vales and the hills of the North 
Where the pine and the hemlock stretch sheltering arms ; 

Where the warring winds pipe in the treetops as loud 
As the bugle once sounded its brazen alarms. 

Some wait the last trumpet 'neath pepper and palm; 

Some lie in the lowlands and some on the hill; 
Some sleep in the billowy, arms of the sea, 

And in far distant islands some lonely graves fill. 

Wherever they lie, North or South, East or West, 
We have garlands to-day for these brave sons of ours. 

Our hearts give them love, our lips offer praise. 
And our hands strew their graves with beautiful flowers. 

Ah, rough were the roads that were yours in the march, 
And fiery and bloody the paths that ye trod, 

But peaceful and quiet and flowery the way 
Henceforth till earth's heroes are summoned to God. 



WE'LL MARCH IN GRAND REVIEW. 



(By P. F. Zeise, 4th W. Va., Middleport, O.) 

Well, boys, it's up to you'ens all to say what should be done 
'Bout marchin' on Encampment days and brilin' in the sun. 

Some say we're lame and tottering now and don't look well in line, 
But you jest bet your last five cent piece I take none o' that in mine. 

I kin march as good as ever, p'raps not quite so long nor fast, 
As we used when huntin' "Johnnies" in them way back days 'ets past; 

But when I hear the bass drum snort and the soul-inspirin' fife 
I'll wobble into ranks, "by gum," and march to beat yer life. 

I em bound to play the soldier, jest as long es I'm alive, 
And when in line I'm back agin to sixty-one and five. 

And I'm jest as young as ever then, my heart's as glad an' light, 
Ef my steps hain't quite so stiddy and my hair hez all turned white. 

Hit does my ol' frame lots o' good to dress up to my "Com," 
And start my left foot foremost when I hear the big bass drum ; 

And while I'm marchin' down the street, my feelin's rise sublime. 
And w-a-y off I hear 'em shoutin' when they break the rebel line. 

Oh, yes ; we're gettin' older. Of course, that's what they say ; 

But we gits a trifle younger when et comes reviewin' day; 
And don't furget we'll be thar, jest like when we freed the slave. 

And there's nothin' here kin stop us, exceptin' hits the grave. 

There hain't no use expoundin' uv the ills that vex us now, 
'Bout rheumatiz and failin' sight, bent forms and "frostypow;" 

"You air still one of the "boys," yon know, that had the vim and grit 
To come when "Uncle Abram called," and I guess you've got some ytt 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 261 

S'pose we "brother up" in ranks once more, and hev another tramp, 
And 'magine we're in Dixie Land and marchin' into camp; 

Don't let nothin' ever hinder you, fur et makes our ole hearts swell 
When they holler that we're comin' and the crowd begins to yell. 

And the darlin' little children, with their flutterin' hearts and flags, 
Air wild with joy to see you — some's in silks and some's in rags — 

But that doesn't make no diff'runce to nether me nor you ; 
When we see 'em wave "Old Glory," why, we know their hearts is true. 

Strike out all this contendin' and a-chawin' of the rag, 
'Bout marchin' on Encampment days behind the good ole flag 

That you fetched from down in Dixie, and they always helt so dear ; 
We soon shall cross life's Rubicon to reach a higher sphere. 

And when we're all assembled there together — "Gray and Blue" — 
We'll form the column all in one, and march in Grand Review 

Before the Throne, while angel songs our souls with rapture swell. 
And salute the benediction, "Thou hast done thy duty well." 



Take back the tattered banners 

From the laughing light of day, 
In the twilight and the silence 

Lay them tenderly away; 
You have blest them thro' the years, 

You have kissed them with your tears. 
You have rushed with them to glory 

In a rhapsody of cheers. 

Where their rainbow-beauty beckoned 

You have followed, you have stood. 
When the blood of brothers eddied 

At your feet, a purple flood — 
In the dreadful days agone. 

You have borne them on and on. 
Till the night of carnage ended 

In the splendor of the dawn. 

Every star upon those banners 

Is a blazing diadem, 
Set there by Freedom's fingers 

When she consecrated them 
In a holocaust of strife. 

As she panted for her life. 
Midst the thunder and the tumult 

Of the trumpet, drum, and fife. 

Every broken, battered staff 

Over which your flags are furled, 
Was a crutch the Nation leaned on 

As she watched the doubting world. 
Proud in all her queenly splendour, 

Yet with loving heart and tender, 
Waiting for each holy promise 

Which the God of right might send her. 



262 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Take back the tattered banners — 

And let not a tear drop gleam 
As you yield them to the ages 

THat are moving, like a dream, 
Down the long and lighted way, 

To the glad and golden day. 
Which your valor purchased for them, 

In the old, historic fray. 

Take back the tattered banners; 

Let their sisterhood of stars 
Light the inner shrines of Freedom, 

Till Eternity unbars 
The fields of Asphodel, 

Where the martyred heroes dwell, 
And the symphonies seraphic 

In unending chorus swell. 

— ^James Newton Mathews. 



THE MAJOR'S DECORATION DAY. 



"Raise my pillow higher, Mary, 

Open wide the window ; there. 
Now I feel the blessed sunshine. 

Now I breathe the sweet May air ; 
See the pink-white apple blossoms. 

Drifting lightly o'er the sod, 
Where our soldier-boy lies sleeping, 

Where the bright-eyed daisies nod. 

Born a soldier's son, my Mary, 

He has heard the Cuban's cry. 
He has fought a soldier's battles, 

He has died as soldiers die. 
Bring his sword and mine, together 

Lay them here across my bed. 
Garland them with ferns and lilies, 

Roses white and roses red. 

Hark ! the muffled drums are beating 

Funeral measures deep and low; 
See, my brave old comrades coming; 

In their ranks one year ago, 
I was marching with them, Mary, 

To the silent camp where sleep 
Fallen comrades, while above them 

Sentry shafts their lone watch keep. 

Lift me higher, I would see them. 
And the dear old flag they bear; 

Next year when they bring their garlands 
I'll be camping over there. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 263 

Find my epaulets, dear Mary, 

Let the major wear his straps! 
Bless my soul ! Believe they see me ! 

Yes — why — see ! they've dofifed their caps ! 

No, that ain't a tear-drop, Mary, 

Just the sweat rolled from my brow. 
Seems — as if the room — grows closer — 

Can't see you so well — somehow ! 
But I hear them singing — yonder. 

And the low beat of the drum — 
"Tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are marching, 

Cheer — up — comrades, they — will come." 

Now his quavering voice is humming 

That old war song once again ; 
Now, his fancy seems to wander, 

He is riding with his men 
Down the hill to meet the charges 

Of the daring, dashing foe. 
Silence : now the white lips murmur — 

"Roll-call ! Mary — I — must — go !" 

Lillian Barker Beede, Ames, Iowa. 



MEMORIAL DAY, 1888. 



(Veterans in line, 30,500; graves decorated, 34,778. — Report of De- 
partment of Ohio, G. A. R., for May 30, 1887.) 

By Kate Brownlee Sherwood. 

Comrades and brothers, soon shall we all 
Join the majority. 

Those who went up from Bull Run, 

In the first throes of rebellion ; 
Those who went up from Antietam ; 

Up from the Wilderness, Marye's Hights, Chancellorsville ; 
Those who went up from Cold Harbor, 

The dire Chickahominy swamps, and from Richmond ; 
Up from the Petersburg mines and from Gettysburg; 

Those who gave sign for sign, signal for signal, 
Heroes and patriots, aye, and our kinsmen. 

Those who went up from Fort Donelson, 
Shiloh and storied Stone River; 

Those who stood barefooted and famished 
In the sore siege before Knoxville ; 

Scaled Mission Ridge, stormed Mount Lookout, 
Fell on the slopes of Resace ; 

Ninety days under the lightnings 
That thrust their forked tongues through Atlanta ; 

Those who encamped before Vicksburg, 
Set their proud flags on her bulwarks ; 



264 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Ran the Red River with Banks ; 
Fought through the midnight at Franklin; 

Swore by "Pap" Thomas ; sent flying 
The eagles of Sherman through Georgia. 

Those who went up from mid-ocean, 
Manning the guns of the Monitor; 

Scoured around the Gulf to New Orleans, 
Ran the blockades before Vicksburg ; 

Silenced the war dogs of Wagner, 
Moultrie and Sullivan's Island ; 

Fought under Dahlgren and Porter ; 
Sighted the guns under Farragut, 

Lashed to the mast before Mobile ; 
Sepulchered in the Weehauken, Patapsco,ill-fated HousatMiic, 

With monuments never, nor markers, 
But the white caps of ocean raised o'er them. 

Those who went heartbroke from Libby, 
Grieving for home and freedom ; 

Heartbroke from Belle Isle and Florence, 
Andersonville and Salisbury; 

Wan-eyed and weary and wasted, 
Choosing there death to dishonor; 

Thousands unnamed and unnumbered. 
Daring the death-line and falling 

Faceward to home-land and heaven ; 
Martyrs and prophecies proven 

Of a perpetual Republic. 

Comrades and brothers, soon shall we all 
Join the majority. 

Thomas, McClellan and Meade, 
Hancock and cavalry Custer; 

Garfield and Burnside and Steedman, 
And Logan, the peer of the peerless ; 

Grant, the great Captain of Peace, 
Transfigured on Mountain McGregor; 

Gone and fast going, our leaders. 
Pillars and pride of the Union. 

Aye, and the men who returned with them, 
Out of the fire and fury, 

Out of the craters of conflict, 
Crippled, and scarred, and dismembered; 

Those who go up in the anguish, 
Waiting on war and its heritage; 

Up from the almshouse and alley, 
Up from the taunts of the craven; 

Patriots all, going to join the majority. 

Comrades and brothers, soon shall we all 
Join the majority. 

Come with your laurels and palms. 
And fair immortelles to heap o'er them, 

Come with your tears and your tributes; 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 265 



Strew honied phrases above them. 

Come with your sons and your daughters, 
Your youths and your beautiful maidens. 

Say to them: "Here are the men 
Who loved you, and saved you, and died for you. 

So shall the Union they wrought 
Live in the hearts of the people, 

In the sons full of valor and strength, 
In the daughters of beauty and promise; 

In the splendor of flower and fruition, 
That follows the storm's desolation; 

When we in our low-spreading tents, 
Dear comrades and brothers. 

Have answered the final tattoo. 
And joined the majority. 



THE OLD BLUECOAT. 



Father's musket, brown and rusty, 

Hangs inside his study door. 
Just above it, worn and faded 

Is the old blue coat he wore 
When he marched with dashing Sherman, 

From Atlanta to the Sea, ^^ 

'Neath the tatters of "Old Glory, 

In the war to make men free. 

CHORUS : 
Yes, the old blue coat so faded, 

fells to me the story true, 
How a soldier fought for freedom. 

When that dear old coat was new. 

Shake the dust and smoothe the wrinkles, 
From the coat he used to wear ; 

Brush the cobwebs from the musket- 
Lay them in his vacant chair; 

Hark, the muffled drum is beating. 
There's a sound of trampling^ feet ; 

See, his aged comrades marching, 
Clad in blue, adown the street. 

They will strew his grave with flowers. 
They will speak in whispers low; 
Sing again the songs of war-time, 

As he sang them long ago; 
Now he answers to the roll-call, 

From the far off spirit shore. 
While we lay a snow-white blossom 

On the old blue coat he wore. 
Ames Iowa. Lillian Barker Beede. 



266 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



BATTLE HYMN OF THE REPUBLIC. 



Words by Julia Ward Howe. 

Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord; 
He is tramping out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; 
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terribel swift sword; 
His truth is marching on. 
Chorus : 

Glory, glory, Hallelujah! 
Glory, glory, Hallelujah! 
Glory, glory, Hallelujah! 
His truth is marching on. 

I have seen Him in the watchfires of a hundred circling camps; 
They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps; 
I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps : 
His day is marching on. 
Chorus : 

I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel : 
"As ye deal with My contemners, so with you My grace shall deal:" 
Let the Herobom of woman crush the serpent with his heel. 
Since God is marching on. 
Chorus : 

He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat; 
He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment seat: 
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him ! be jubilant, my feet! 
Our God is marching on. 
Chorus : 

In the beauty of the lillies Christ was born across the sea. 
With the glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me: 
As he died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, 
While God is marching on. 
Chorus. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 267 

HISTORY OF THE REUNION ASSOCIATION OF 
THE 46th ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 



On Oct 8 and 9, 1885, a call was made by comrade James W. Holmes, 
of Amboy, for the survivors to meet, There were present : James Holmes, 
Elliott Pollard, Lorenzo Currier, Addison Newton, Jacob P. Miller, John 
Trenholm, Geo. Sanders, Thomas Aurner, J. D. St. John, and B. T. St. 
John. An organization was effected by electing J. D. St. John President, 
and B. T. St. John as Secretary, who was also authorized to act as Corre- 
sponding Secretary and Treasurer. Vice-Presidents were elected as fol- 
lows : Lee Co., Thomas Aurner ; Whiteside Co., J. P. Miller ; Stephenson 
Co., W. Stewart ; Ogle Co., Dr. A. Newton ; Will Co., Lewis Shiffer, and 
at large, E. E. Pollard, of Kankakee. The amount of $2.20 was raised to 
pay expenses, and meeting adjourned. 



FIRST REUNION. 



Sterling, 111., Aug. 25, 1886. — The officers met for a business session 
and after holding a pleasant meeting of comrades and greeting each other, 
fixed the next place of meeting at Freeport, 111., Oct. 5, 1887. Capt. Phil- 
lip Arno was elected President ; F. C. Held, Secretary, and James Musser, 
Treasurer for the ensuing year; money was raised to pay expenses and 
badges were ordered and prepared for members. A goodly number of 
comrades were present. Speeches were made and a fine program was car- 
ried out. 



SECOND REUNION. 



Freeport, 111., Oct. 5, 1887.— Business meeting at 9:30 a. m. resulted 
in electing the old officers again. At one o'clock p. m., in front of Ger- 
mania Hall, those present formed in line by companies and under com- 
mand of Gen. Dornblaser marched to Taylor's park. A photograph of the 
46th was taken in front of the Kraft House. At the park addresses were 
made by Gen. B. Dornblaser, Hon. R. R. Hitt and Dr. D. A. Sheffield, and 
a historical sketch was read by Lieut. T. B. Jones. A banquet was given 
in the evening at Germania Hall, which was attended by members of the 
regiment, accompanied by their ladies. 



268 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

THE THIRD REUNION 
was held at Freeport, 111., Aug. 22, 1889, and was one of the most success- 
ful held thus far. Officers were elected as follows : President, James 
Musser, of Orangeville; Secretary, F. C. Held; Treasurer, Capt. Wm. J. 
Reitzell. At 1 :30 p. m., the veterans met at Germania Hall and formed 
in line of parade. 129 veterans of the 46th marched to the park under 
command of Capt. Philip Arno, assisted by Capt. Young and Dr. B. H. 
Bradshaw. Addresses of welcome by Mayor Hon. Charles Nieman. Re- 
sponse by Dr. B. H. Bradshaw. Music by Henney Buggy Co. Band, 
History of regiment by Lieut. T. B. Jones. Address by Judge J. D. Crab- 
tree, of Dixon. Gen. Atkins spoke briefly. After more music and a num- 
ber of songs, the meeting adjourned. The banquet was held at the Brew- 
ster House in the evening, at which covers were laid for 250 pfersons. 
Responses to toasts offered by comrades F. H. Marsh, Judge Crabtree, W. 
G. Barnes, Herman Wagner, Dr. B. H. Bradshaw, Capt. James Musser, 
Lieut. T. B. Jones, Capt. Arno, John Waddell, Capt. Pike, Wm. Stewart, 
Dan. Galpin and other comrades. A. J. Donmeyer sang several solos and 
the reunion closed. 



THE FOURTH REUNION. 



Freeport, 111., Sept. 25, 1891.— Comrade Fred C. Held was elected 
President, and John Waddell, Secretary; Wm. J. Reitzell, Treasurer. It 
was here decided that Freeport be the permanent place of holding the 
regimental reunion hereafter. Sept. 26, at one p. m., the comradets as- 
sembled at Germania Hall and formed in line of march under command of 
Capt. Philip Arno. M'arched to Taylor's Park, where speeches were made 
by Gen. Atkins, Hon. R. R. Hitt and others. The reunion closed with a 
banquet at the Brewster House. 



FIFTH REUNION. 



Freeport, 111., Sept. 13, 1893. — Meeting of the business session was 
held in Germania Hall, at 2 :30 p. m. Capt. W. J. Reitzell was chosen 
President ; B. T. St. John, Vice-Pres. ; Capt. Arno, Treasurer ; Capt. Wm. 
G. Barnes, Sec, and E. H. Blackburn was elected Color Bearer for the 
parade. 

Note — The records of the Reunion Association have failed to state 
the proceedings of the closing exercises. I am unable to give the names 
of the speakers and closing exercises. ^ g JONES, Historian. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



SIXTH REUNION. 



The Sixth Biennial Reunion was held at Freeport, 111., September 4th 
and 5th, 1895. 

7 :30 a. m. to 12 m. of the first day was devoted to a reception of 
memibers. At 2 :30 p. m. the business session which was held in Germania 
Hall, was called to order by Capt. W. J. Reitzell. The reports of the 
various ofificers were read and approved, whereupon the following commit- 
tee was appointed to formulate proper resolutions of respect to the memory 
of the late Adjutant H. H. Woodbury, and those members of the regi- 
ment who died since the last reunion: Fred. C. Held, B.T.St. John and T.J. 
Allen. The election of officers resulted as follows : Capt. Wm. Stewart, 
President; B. T. St. John, Vice President; Philip Arno, Treasurer; F. 
C. Held, Secretary. It was decided to perfect a roster of the regiment, 
and to this end three members of each company were appointed : "A," Jas. 
Mhisser, Darius Winters, J. R. Waddell ; "B", G. S. Roush, Samuel 
Askey, W. J. Reitzell; "C," F. C Held, H. Wernicke, P. Arno; "D," 
I. M. Boff, A. J. Bates, W. J. McKibben; "E," B. T. St. John, F. H. 
Marsh, E. J. Stonebraker ; "F," to be sellected by secretary ; "G," D. D. 
Dififenbaugh, Rudolph Kencke, E. D. Baker; "H," Geo. H. Sanders. E. H. 
Blackman, J. Patterson ; "I," J. St. John, Lorenzo Currier, F. Howard ; 
"K," Thos. J. Allen, Z. T. F. Runner, Wbi. Hartman. 

At 1 :30 p. m. of the 5th the parade fdrmed at Germania Hall and 
marched to Taylor's park, where a special program was carried out. The 
banquet was held at the Brewster House, at the conclusion of which the 
members adjourned to the Knights of the Globe Hall, where addresses 
were delivered by Gen. John C. Black, Gen. S. D. Atkins, Judge Crab- 
tree; Gen. J. H. Stibbs delivered a fine recitation; "Illinois" was sung by 
Judge Crabtree and Gen. Black; "Old Shady" was sung by Peter Wurtz. 
Gen. Black was elected an honorary member of the regiment. After the 
benediction, pronounced by Elder Caton, the meeting adjourned. 



RESOLUTIONS. 
Whereas, the 46th 111. Vet. Vol., in reunion assembled, are informed 
of the death of our faithful Adjutant, Lieut. H. H. Woodbury, therefore: 
Resolved, that we sincerely regret to learn the sad news, but bow to 
the will of our Supreme Commander. 

Resolved, that he will always be held in great affection by the sur- 
vivors of the regiment, and that he will always be mourned, together, 
with all the members of our regiment that have passed on before. 

F. C. Held, 

T. J. Allen, J. Committee. 
B. T. St. John, 



18 



270 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

SEVENTH REUNION, 46th ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 
was held at Freeport, 111., Sept. 14, 1898. The following officers were 
elected: W. W. Krape, President; Fred. C Held, Secretary; Philip Arno, 
Treasurer. Col. Shadel, of the 1st Wisconsin in the Spanish-American 
war, who was private in Company A, 46th 111., was present and was given 
three cheers and a hearty greeting. 

The; comrades formed in line and marched to the court house, where 
a photograph was taken of the members present. 

At 8 o'clock p. m., 200 of the survivors of the regiment banquetted at 
the Brewster House. After the banquet they adjourned to the G. A. R. 
Hall, where their dear old commander Gen. B. Dornblaser, Dr. Byers, 
Judge Crabtree, Gen. S. D. Atkins and others entertained the boys and 
friends with speaking and singing until midnight. 



EIGHTH REUNION. 



The eighth reunion was held in the Court House in room 428, Chicago, 
111., Aug. 29, 1900. 113 comrades were present and enjoyed meeting each 
other for one hour, allotted to the association during the National en- 
campment, at Chicago. Many members met here for the first time since 
the seivice. Short speeches by Gen. Dornblaser, Capt. Lollar, of Company 
F, and others were made. The meeting was presided over by Capt. Krape, 
who made appropriate remarks. The business part of the meeting was 
carried through with a hurry, — Freeport was decided as the place of 
holding the next meeting, and the following officers were chosen : Presi- 
dent, W. W. Krape ; Secretary, F. C. Held ; Treasurer, Philip Arno. 



NINTH REUNION. 



The ninth reunion of the 46th Regiment was held at G. A. R. Hall, 
Freeport, 111., Sept. 23d, 1902. Capt. Wm. Stewart was elected President; 
W. J. Reitzell, Vice-President; Philip Arno, Treasurer; F. C. Held, 
Secretary. The afternoon session was held at G. A. R. Hall. The Globe 
Band furnished music for the occasion. Gen. Smith D. Atkins made the 
annual address. Following this address short speeches and reminiscences 
by several comrades, and after social greetings and hearty hand shakes the 
reunion closed. 

The following resolutions were passed on the death of the following 
members of the 46th 111. Inft. : 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 271 



RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT. 



Whereas, it has pleased the Almighty Ruler of the universe to remove 
by death from our ranks our beloved comrades : Solomon S. B'aker, 
Leonard Rudle, Horace D. Purington, Harrison Bolender, Adam Guiter, 
Lt. I. M. Bobb, Jesse G. Hodges, Frank Shrader, David McKee, Dr. B. H. 
Bradshavv^, O. P. Duncan, Joseph Reineke, George Perry, Benj. F. Kramer, 
Geo. Bolender, John J. Aurand, Maj. J. Clingman, John Askey, Capt. Sam. 
Buchanan, Fred. Demuth, Geo. W. Dillon, Abner Clingman, Herman 
Wagner, Joel I. Cantrill, Capt. Fred Pike, Henry Briggs, Chester Solace, 
John S. Hoy, Michael Eshelman. 

Therefore, be it resolved, that while we submit to Divine Providence, 
we sincerely feel the loss of so many of our true, loyal and faithful mem- 
bers of our organization. Resolved, while we, as members of the 46th, 
sincerely sympathize with the families and their friends, that we commend 
them for consolation to the Divine Commander above, who will give com- 
fort and impart to their consolation. That these departed have joined the 
Grand Army above, we are again reminded that taps will be sounded for 
the last old veteran. 

H. S. Keck, 

Z. T. F. Runner, [■ Committee. 

Wm. J. Reitzell, 



THE TENTH BIENNIAL REUNION. 



Held at Grand Army Hall in Freeport,Ill., on the 5th and 6th of Oct., 1906. 

In the absence of Captain Stewart, president of the association, Capt. 
Wm. J. Reitzell presided. At the afternoon session the following officers 
were elected for the ensuing two years : — President, Capt. Wm. J. Reitzell ; 
Vice-Pres., Col. S. P. Shadel; Secretary, Z. T. F. Runner; Treasurer, Capt. 
Philip Arno. The afternoon was spent in friendly greetings. 

In the evening the camp fire and smoker was held in the G. A. R. Hall. 
Many short talks were given by comrades, who fought side by side over 
forty years ago. At the late hour the first day's program ended. 

Oct. 6th, the meeting was called to order at 9 a. m., at the G. A. R. 
hall and at 10 o'clock formed in line in front of the G. A. R. hall, and un- 
der command of Capt. Philip Arno, headed by the Rockford drum corps, 
marched through the principal streets to the Y. M. C. A. auditorium, where 
the exercises were held. Capt. Reitzell presided and after song and prayer 
Mayor Dittmar was introduced, who, in eloquent words, extended a 
cordial welcome to the members. 



272 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Orator of the day was General Smith D. Atkins, who, in his masterly 
way, spoke for 30 minutes, after which the comrades, their ladies and in- 
vited guests marched from G. A. R. hall to the Masonic Temple to indulge 
in the banquet prepared for them, at which toasts were given, which are 
printed in the more extended report of this reunion, as is to be found later 
on in this history. 



REUNION OF 1887. 



A GALA DAY 



(Copied from Freeport Weekly Journal, of Wednesday, Oct. 12, 1887.) 

The 5th of October had arrived, and with it a large number of the old 
heroes of the gallant 46th, one of the best regiments of the late war. They 
are here to hold a friendly reunion, to renew acquaintances, talk over old 
times and spend the day in enjoyment. 

The various committees who have had charge of the arrangements, 
have been untiring in their efforts to get as many of the old boys together 
as possible. Their efforts have not been in vain, for representatives of the 
regiment are here from nearly every state in the Union. Some of the boys 
have come hundreds of miles to meet their old comrades here. 

Quite a number of the old soldiers arrived yesterday. All the trains 
that came into the city this morning were loaded with 46th men. They 
were met at the depot by the Reception Committee and the Germania Band, 
and escorted to headquarters at Germania Hall, where they registered their 
names and donned bright new badges. 

Who Are Here. 
The following are the names of the 46th who are attending the reunion : 
Lieut. John P. Reed, Washington, D. C. ; 1st Sergeant R. Kenke, 
Freeport; 1st Sergeant S. French, Faulkner, la.; Peter Streger,, Freeport; 
Fred Koym, Freeport; Sergeant Major W. Swanzey, Freeport; C. H. 
Vukols, Sioux City, la. ; Corp. H. L. Wagner, Davenport, la. ; Capt. Phil. 
Arno, Freeport ; C. W. Seebold, Fargo, D. T. ; J. M. Baker, Freeport ; Capt. 
Wm. Young, Freeport; Corp. Thos. Wood, Decatur, Neb.; Corp. B. R. 
Fisher, West Union, la. ; Capt. Wm. Stewart, Buckeye ; Lieut. Olnhausen, 
New Hartford, Mo. ; Corp. W. G. Barnes, Freeport ; Sergt. B. T. St. John, 
New Genesee, 111. ; Luther Angle, Dakota, 111. ; Sergt. Seth Cable, Osceola 
Mills, Wis. ; Chas. G. Frisbie, Freeport ; James Pierce, Deep River, la. ; 
Corp. W. H. Spitler, Freeport; R. C. McLees, Freeport; D. W. Fiscus, 
Faulkner, la. ; S. W. Shaffer, Plainfield, la ; Corp. E. F. Brown, Plainfield, 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 273 

111.; Lieut. G. S. Roush, Lena; M. T. Steffen, Freeport; John Deckler, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. ; Hiram Gibler, Ridott, 111. ; Hiram Winchel, Orangeville ; 
G. E. Meise, Ridott ; A. Goetz, Freeport ; John Burkhardt, Florence, 111. ; 
D. M. Bordner, Rock Grove; J. B. Long, Freeport; L. S. Vought, Dunton, 
111.; John Daughenbaugh, Orangeville, III; Geo. E. Shumaker, Freeport; 
I. N. Mallory, Freeport ; M. Clingman, Cedarville, 111. ; M. Buckley, Shel- 
don, 111.; P. M. Wentz, Freeport; A. Sincohn, Waterloo, la. ; Paul Pietrick, 
Freeport ; Jacob Prince, Freeport ; Col. Dornblaser, Fredonia, Kan. ; Capt. 
D. D. Diflfenbaugh, Monmouth; Sergt. D. Allison, Winsett, la.; Corporal 
Hejiry Bemis, Oregon ; Wm. K. McGilligan, Ridott ; R. C. Young, Cala- 
mas,Ia. ; Capt. Wm. J. Reitzell, Rock Grove, 111.; JohnHallen, Sew^ard, Neb. ; 

C. H. Hormell, Oregon, 111. ; Sergt. C. Stone, Moline, 111. ; Wm. McElhiney, 
Dakota, 111. ; George West, Monroe, Wis. ; Jas. M. Deemer, Ridott, 111. ; 
Lorenz Sieferman, Freeport, 111. ; Daniel Kostenbader, Cedarville, 111. ; 
Ambrose Miller, Rock City ; Aaron McConley, Rock Grove, 111. ; H. H. 
Curtis, Nebraska ; L. W. Mogle, Kent, III. ; John Weifenbaugh, Freeport ; 
S. H. Houghey, Storm Lake, la. ; Levi Richard, Afolkey, 111. ; A. Daws, 
North Bend, la. ; J. W. Threwohlen, Rochelle, 111. ; E. Stephens, Oregon, 
111. ; Robt. Nunn, Lyons, Iowa ; G. Currier, Oregon, 111. ; S. H. Roat, Ore- 
gon, 111. ; G. W. Reiman, Oregon, 111. ; Sergt. J. I. Gibson, Shell Rock, la. ; 

D. W^einey, Robertson, la.; E. J. Titus, Conrad Grove, Iowa; M. Ryan, 
Sumner, la.; Benj. Musser, Jewell, Kan.; Sergt. A. J. Bates, Cedarville, 
111. ; Marion Hammond, Pecatonica, 111. : S.. C. Kerr, Ridott, 111. ; A. W. 
Babb, Shannon, 111. ; Z. T. F. Runner, Freeport ; N. F. Houledge, Pecatoni- 
ca, 111. ; James Musser, Orangeville, 111. ; H. P. Sargent, Oregon, 111. ; D. 
W. Gortson, Fayetteville, la.; Chas Musser, Orangeville; M. L. Rogers, 
Hanover, 111. ; Doris Winters, Freeport ; H. Roskle, Freeport ; J. M. Van 
Brocklin, Hays, Iowa ; Isaac Miller, McConnell's Grove, 111. ; Wm. Rutter, 
Cedarville, HI. ; John Foster, Milford, Neb. ; Sam'l Mogle, Rock Grove, 
111. ; T. Seguin, Freeport ; A. Rote, Davis, 111. ; C. A. Belknay, Orangeville, 
111. ; H. S. Keck, Dakota, 111. ; J. H. Wittemeyer, Damascus, 111. ; C. Fetzer, 
Damascus; J. R. Waddell, Freeport; Henry Taft, Winslow, 111.; W. W. 
Krape, Freeport; M. Doikey, Lyons, la.; L. H. Sedam, Dakota, 111.; Wm. 
Reeter, Dakota, 111.; Lieut. T. B. Jones, Buckeye, 111.; Corporal W. F. 
Hartman, Davis, 111. ; Capt. S. Buchanan, Freeport ; Henry King, Winslow ; 
M. Heitter, Damascus ; John Ritzman, Orangeville ; John Windecker, Ro- 
bertson, la. ; Sergt. W. H. Barnds, Orangeville ; Lieut. I. M. Babb, Orange- 
ville; W. Frain, Winslow; T. G. Harter, Bristol, la.; J. H. Lee, Freeport; 
W. D. Ford, J. O. Freeseman, F. J. Koehler, Freeport; I. Lahre, Corp. 
Barton Mishler, Shannon; Corp. H. W. Bolender, Orangeville; Joel Cant- 
rell, Cedarville ; M Kripsbell, Dakota ; G. W. Bolender. Buena Vista, 111. ; 
C. F. Spofford, Warren, 111. ; Isaac Gray, W. H. Bobat, Ridott, 111. ; Jacob 
Worel, Mt. Carroll, 111 : ; Thos. Hayes, Davis ; H. Schwarz, Freeport ; C. 
F. Wright, Warren ; W. McGuirk, Elgin ; Jacob Becker, Davis, 111. ; L. A. 



274 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Sleight, Lyons, la, ; E. Devore, Aurelia, la. ; Peter Wertz, Davis ; J. W. 
Holmes, T. B. Fisher, Amboy, III; A. W. Frankenberger, Ridott; H. 
Liedke, Freeport ; Lieut. A. Ohberhausen, New Hartford, Mo. ; Corp. A. 
Bolender, Rock Grove; B. F. Rutter, John Vore, Cedarville; Sam Lee, 
Freeport; J. Matter, Dakota; M. Staber, Freeport; N. M. Artley, Dakota; 
Lewis Moses, Buckeye, 111.; H. Garman, Cedarville; Ike McConley, Da- 
kota; J. Allen, Rock City; F. Crawford, Rock Grove; H. C. Best, Freeport; 
Jacob Lank, Rock Grove; A. E. Machimer, Shannon; H. Hoyman, Lena; 
Henry Kuhlemeier, Yellow Creek. 

The Business Meeting 

was held at Germania Hall at 10 o'clock a. m., and resulted in the election 
of Capt. Phil. Arno, as President; Fred C. Held, Secretary; James M«s- 
ser, Treasurer. It was also decided to hold the next reunion in Freeport 
two years hence. The meeting then adjourned for dinner. 

After dinner the old soldiers gathered at Germania Hall and were 
formed into line — Germania Band at the head, G. A. R. drum corps, sur- 
vivors of the 46th, 200 strong, speakers in carriages followed by about 75 
old soldiers of various regiments. The procession was in command of 
Gen. Dornblaser, assisted by Capts. Arno, Young, Dr. Bradshaw. They 
marched up Galena street to Walnut, north on Walnut to Stephenson, east 
on Stephenson to the Court House Square, where the procession was 
stopped and Wareham took a photograph of the 46th in a group. The pro- 
cession then marched on to the park. 

At The Park 

The Germania Band played an excellent selection, followed with prayer 
by the chaplain ; music by the male quartett, composed of Messrs. Thomas, 
Black, Seeley and Rabe. Hon. John C. Kean, in the absence of Mayor 
Bergman, delivered the welcoming address. He spoke in his usually happy 
style and extended the freedom of the city to the veterans. 

Dr. Bradshaw, of Shell Rock, responded in a few well chosen words. 
General Dornblaser delivered an address, followed by other speakers, after 
which Lieut. Thomas B. Jones, of Buckeye, was introduced and read a 
historical sketch of the 46th Regiment, which he had prepared for the oc- 
casion. Below we give a full report of Mr. Jones' remarks : — 

History of The 46th. 
Mr. President, Ladies and Comrades : 

I am exceedingly glad to have the opportunity to greet the dear old 
members of the 46th Regiment, 111. Vol. Infantry, and to take so many of 
them by the hand again after twenty-one years of separation. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 275 

In the presenting to 3^011 to-day an historical sketch of the organi- 
zation, the marches, the battles, the roughing it in the heat and cold, 
through sickness and sufifering for nearly four and a half years in a south- 
ern climate, I cannot do justice to the words for the reason that I have 
not had the time to make the necessary preparation, nor will the time allot- 
ted me in presenting this sketch here to-day admit of a very lengthy review. 

Sketch of history is embodied in the general work. He gave incidents 
of note as follows : — 

Thus closes the record of the 46th Regiment Vet. Vol. Infantry. Its 
organization has been kept up nearly four and a half years and its line of 
march and travel has extended over ten thousand miles. Over nearly two 
thousand men have been members of its organization. The graves of our 
fallen dead are found all along our line of march. The number of its mem- 
bers who died in the service are about three hundred twenty-nine and quite 
a large number known to have died since of which I am unable to report. 

A few incidents are worthy of note. While investing Vicksburg, Gen. 
John A. Logan had caused to be erected a tower or look out to observe the 
movements of the enemy, guarded by his soldiers ; it was a fortress of 
strength. That noble chieftain, patient statesman and friend is gone, but 
around his memory are clustered the loving heart-affections of the millions 
of the loyal and true, holding in grateful remembrance the heroic deeds of 
the illustrious dead. Our history, like the soul of John Brown, is march- 
ing on. The results achieved by the victories which we helped to gain 
stand not still, but is demonstrated by the prosperity and development of 
our resources, by the construction of new railroads and the opening up of 
new fields of agriculture, the vast development of our mining industry, and 
the advancement of the finer arts. Peace has perched upon our banners 
and is flowing on, resistless, like the mighty river. Charles F. Bowers, of 
Company B, who carried the flag at Shiloh, after Stam and Blackman were 
wounded, died from his wounds; his leg was broken, and while lying on 
the battlefield the contending armies fought over the ground, when he was 
again wounded in the body, the ball lodging near the heart. We tenderly 
cared for him in the regimental hospital. I visited him and had a talk 
with him, his countenance lit up with animation and he said, "Tom, I car- 
ried the flag." Yes, the dear old flag was baptised by the blood of many 
of our noble boys of the 46th, and we love to see it float to the breeze and 
reach the highest pinacle in the fame of our country's greatness; but while 
we love the dear old flag and our country so well let us not forget God, but 
let the banner of the cross be our excelsior ; and the flag of our country 
placed in our affections, just below that of the cross. 

While at Macon, Miss., a detail of twenty men of Company B, under 
the command of your humble speaker, was sent to the plantation of Gen. 
B. Harrison, who was at one time private secretary to Jeff Davis, to seize 
property. About two hundred slaves were there, and his little daughter, 
eight years old, the only white person at home. An old darky bent nearly 
double and bowing himself nearly to the ground acted as spokesman. Said 
he: "Boss, be you de Lincum sojers?" "Yes, daddie," I said, "we are the 
genuine article." "Well Boss, is we free now?" "Yes sir, you are all 
free." "Bless de Lawd ; you are the nex' ting to de Lawd Jesus Christ." 
"Oh no ; not so good as that." "Yes you is ; 'clar to goodness you is every 
bit of it." Liberty, that inventive genius of the human soul, it finds a 
lodgement in the mind of the most humbled of earth. This was a grand 
conception of true liberty, that mysterious power which is stronger than the 



276 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

tempest; which moves like the electric spark; more powerful than the 
steam engine which crosses the continent with its burden of commerce; 
that power which comes to the intelligence of man from God directing the 
victories to our armies which made it possible for us to see this nation of 
ours the pride of her people and the honored of the earth. 

More music followed Mr. Jones' remarks, after which the veterans 
formed in line and marched back to the city. Tonight the grand banquet 
will be held at Germania Hall. 

Drum Taps. 

Dr. Bradshaw received a hearty welcome from the old boys. He did 
not reach the city until this morning. He is looking well and likes his 
home at Shell City, Mo. 

Gen. Dornblaser is beginning to look old, but his heart is as young as 
of yore. The boys were all glad to clasp his hands once more. 

Thomas B. Jones' history of the regiment was highly spoken of. We 
publish it today in full. Mr, Jones is a prominent farmer in Buckeye 
township and is a gentleman of ability. 

Supervisor James Musser seemed to enjoy the company of his old 
comrades. 

Dan Galpin came over from Lanark to take in the reunion. Dan is a 
thorough soldier and well liked by all the boys. 

A lovelier day for the reunion could not have been chosen. 



The reunion of the survivors of the 46th regiment held yesterday 
was a grand success in every respect. Not an incident occurred to mar 
the festivities of the day, and everything passed off very pleasantly. Over 
200 survivors of the regiment were in attendance. A great deal of the 
success of the reunion is due to the untiring work of the various com- 
mittees. Capt. Arno, President of the Association, and the energetic sec- 
retary, Fred C. Held, did good work, as did also Capt. Barnes, Capt. 
Young, Capt. Krape, Wm. Swanzey and others. Taking everything into 
consideration, it was one of the most successful regimental reunions ever 
held in the state. A large number of letters and telegrams were received 
from absent comrades who could not possibly be here. One telegram was 
,as follows : 

Watseka, III., Oct. 5, 1887. 

To the 46th Illinois Infantry: — Two hundred survivors of the 76th 

Illinois Infantry in reunion assembled, send fraternal greetings to the boys 

of the gallant 46th, our sister regiment. God bless every member of your 

little band. 

S. C. Marshall, 
;^ Secretary. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 2lT_ 

The above shows how the boys of the 46th were beloved by their 
comrades in arms. The 46th was a fighting regiment and won the admira- 
tion of all. 

The exercises at the park yesterday were very interesting, and an un- 
usually large crowd was present. The only thing that the boys had to re- 
gret was the fact that the noted speakers they had counted on to deliver 
the principal addresses could not come, and about the only one that was 
put on the programme that did not disappoint the committee was Lieut. 
Thomas B. Jones, of Buckeye. His history of the regiment was a masterly 
effort, and was listened to with marked attention by all. President Arno 
had so much to attend to that at the last moment he asked Dr. Bradshaw 
to deliver the response to the welcoming address, which he did. Gen. 
Dornblaser was called upon to deliver the principal address, but the gen- 
tleman was totally unprepared for a speech, but to satisfy the boys he made 
a few impromptu remarks as follows : 

Comrades of the 46th, Ladies and Gentlemen : — The introduction 
of the President of your Association is misleading. I am no public speak- 
er; the 46th never had any talkers. It always spoke by acts rather than 
words. If it could have been possible for the person who was named on 
your programme to be present you would have heard a speech worthy of 
the man and of the occasion. The history of the regiment is a part of 
the history of Stephenson County. More men from this county enlisted 
in its ranks and marched under its banner than any other regiment in 
the state. When I came to this county forty years ago it was new and 
sparsely populated. Farms were opened and fenced about the groves 
and along the timber belts. The prairie plains all about us were unoccu- 
pied and open for herds of cattle to roam about at will. Many predictions 
were made that these plains would never be settled upon. But the same 
was said of the western plains of Kansas that are now being densely 
populated with a prosperous people. When the 46th was organized, such 
large audiences as this is, could not be brought together on short notice. 
Meetings were called and appeals made all over the country for recruits 
to fill up this and the many other regiments that were organized. Zealous 
and determined men took the task in hand and finally success crowned 
their efforts. Not one of our number had a military education nor 
knew anything of military tactics, but the same motive that induced them 
to enlist, soon fitted them for the duty of practical soldiers. There are 
certain incidents and occurrences in our lives that are pleasant to remem- 
ber and of which we are proud. One of which is that I was a citizen of 
Stephenson Co., and another — which I shall ever treasure — is that I had 
the honor to command so grand a regiment as the 46th 111., and took part 
in its movements from the beginning to end. Comrades, again I greet 
you, and thank you for the cordial greeting. 



278 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Dr. Sheffield, of Apple River also made a short speech which was 
well received and highly spoken of by the soldiers. After Lieut. Jones 
had finished his remarks, our popular Congressman, Hon. Robert R. Hitt, 
the soldier's true friend, was loudly called for. He did not want to speak, 
but being persistently called for, said : 

"My Shivering Friends. I have not the heart to hold you here in the 
cold, besides after Lieut. Jones' masterly effort there is nothing left for me 
to say. Everybody who looked at the splendid spectacle on Stephenson 
Street this afternoon, could not help but admire the 46th regiment, for 
after their years of hardship and peril on battle-field, and after all the 
doctors could do in twenty-five years since — 200 brave, stalwart, healthy 
looking men have survived to meet together on this glorious day. Their 
step seemed as fresh and elastic as when they first marched to the music 
of the fife and drum twenty-five years ago. This county was largely repre- 
sented in that noble regiment. Stephenson County gave largely to the war, 
but she was more generous to the gallant 46th, as 1200 of her bravest and 
best men were in her ranks, and they made a record that old Steph- 
enson has every cause to be proud of. Our old soldiers are entitled to 
the respect, admiration and love of all. They are the nation's breastwork. 
Our large cities are defenseless. In times of anarchy and riot there is 
no telling at what time we may have to call upon these battle-scarred 
veterans. It is not an idle sentiment to lose the old soldiers, and their 
deeds of valor should never be forgotten." 

Three cheers were given for Gen. Dornblaser, Dr. Bradshaw and the 
46th regiment and the exercises at the park were concluded. 



The Banquet 
By 8 o'clock Germania Hall was filled with old soldiers and their 
ladies. Covers were laid to accommodate 200 guests. This part of the 
entertainment was in charge of that prince of caterers, John Doesrich, 
and John fully maintained his reputation in this particular line. The 
spread was very fine and consisted of everything the market afforded. 
After the guests were all seated, the Germania Band, under the leadership 
of Will Kasten, rendered a selection in their usual masterly style, and the 
boys were loudly applauded. Capt. W. W. Krape officiated as toastmaster. 
The Captain was in his usual happy frame of mind, and carried out his 
part of the programme to the satisfaction of all. He asked all the guests 
to rise, and then called on Comrade Spafford to invoke the Divine blessing, 
after which the guests were helped to the good things. It was not long 
before the elegant repast vanished, but the heroes of many a hard fought 
battle still survived. Toast master Krape announced that the first thing 
on the programme would be singing by the quartette composed of Messrs. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 279 

Thomas, Seeley, Black and Rabe. They rendered "Marching through 
Georgia," and the old veterans joined in the chorus with their old time 
vigor and enthusiasm. 

Capt. Krape arose to make a few preliminary remarks. He said he 
was pleased to see so many of his old comrades present this evening. They 
were all fine fellows before the war, during the war and after the war. 
He never yet heard of a 46th boy being in the penitentiary. (A voice in 
the audience — Gen. Dornblaser was in the penitentiary). This remark 
brought down the house. But Gen. Dornblaser was not sentenced to the 
penitentiary by a judge — he was there as a warden. Capt. Krape said 
an old soldier whom the boys all loved would respond to the toast, "Sol- 
diers of the War." That gentleman was 

Gen. Dornblaser. 

The General arose mid the deafening applause of his enthusiastic old 
comrades. He said the question for him to answer was who were soldiers 
of the war. It was the young and tender youth yet in his teens, who left 
his mother's knee, with a soul full of patriotism and love for his country — 
he was one of the soldiers of the war. The young men who left their 
comfortable schools and colleges for the rough and perilous life on a 
battle field ; who shouldered their muskets in the dark days of the nation's 
peril ; who gave up their young and promising lives on the bloody battle 
fields, or wasted away in rebel prisons — they were soldiers of the war. 
The husbands who left their wives and families to struggle as best they 
could, while they went gallantly to the front to fight the nation's battles — 
left their home and dear ones behind — probably to never look in their 
loving faces again — they were soldiers of the war. The men who planned 
battles and marches who had charge of the army and led it on to victory — 
they were soldiers of the war. The patriotic and brave private soldiers 
who fought all through the war and escaped with their lives, suffered all 
the privations of camp, hospital and prison hell, and came home, at the 
end of all, to resume their positions as private citizens and have since 
risen to positions of honor and trust in private life — they were the most 
honored soldiers of the war. The young ladies who parted with their 
lovers, urging them on to do their duty, little knowing whether they 
would ever see them again, yet praying and hoping for their safety — they, 
too, were soldiers of the war. Another class of soldiers should not be 
forgotten — they were the mothers and wives of the soldiers who went to 
the front. How they suffered and saved to provide for the little ones 
while the heads of the family were fighting their country's battles, and 
their noble work in the hospital should never be forgotten while there is 
an old veteran on earth to sound their praise. The many boxes of good 



280 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

things that the boys received while in camp, came from the loving wives 
and mothers at .home; and then the letters of love and endearment. 
Many a man went into the war timid and trembling and would have 
turned coward had it not been for the patriotic words from the wife or 
mother. These, my comrades, were the greatest heroes of the war. (Tre- 
mendous applause.) 

The quartette then sang "Marching on," and the old soldiers joined 
in the chorus. 

Dr. B. F. Bradshaw 

was called upon to respond to the toast "Surgeons During and Since 
the War." The building shook with applause as Dr. Bradshaw arose to 
respond to the toast. It showed very clearly that the boys had a warm 
spot in their hearts for their old surgeon. The doctor said that the sur- 
geons were the most popular men in the army — everybody from the gener- 
als to the privates came to the surgeons — for quinine. He said the sur- 
geons from Stephenson county who went to the war we,re all good men. 
Dr. McKimm was a fine gentleman. He had a rough nature but beneath 
all that roughness he had a warm, tender heart and was a man of great 
ability. He said Dr. McKimm had lots to contend with. There was a great 
deal of sickness and not the proper remedies at hand to combat it with. 
There was nothing to feed the sick soldiers but fat pork and crackers, 
that the boys used to say were manufactured before Christ. The water 
was also very poor and with no means at hand to combat the fever that 
had broken out among the boys, the mortality was very great and the 
doctors did not know what to do. Surgeon DePuy was also a kind heart- 
ed man and a good doctor. He would get up at any time of night to 
alleviate the suffering of a wounded soldier, and by his careful attention 
he saved many a brave boy's life which would have otherwise gone out 
in an army hospital. He was a very outspoken man and sometimes rough 
in his ways, but every soldier had just cause to revere his 
memory, for his life was shortened many years by exposure and diseases, 
contracted on the battle field. He was a noble patriotic man and deserved 
the praise of all good soldiers. Assistant Surgeon DeWitt was a mere 
bay, but had good medical knowledge, and did valuable work on the field 
and in the hospital. He contracted a disease while in the service, which 
shortened his lease of life. The doctor said they blarneyed more during 
the war than they have done since, as it was necessary in order to keep 
the boys up and marching. He thought the surgeons of the late war were 
far ahead of any military country in the world. 

The quartette then sang, "When Johnny Comes Marching Home," 
the veterans joining in the chorus. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 281 

Corporal H. L. Wagner 

of Davenport, Iowa, but formerly a Freeport boy, was called upon to 
respond to the sentiment. "Wives and Sweethearts of the War." Herman 
said he was not a speaker, and had not prepared himself for the occasion. 
Besides he did not know much about the wives and sweethearts of the 
war; although he surrendered to a lady shortly after the war was over, 
before an attack was made upon him. (Tremendous applause.) But he 
did know that the wives and sweethearts of other boys did noble work for 
the soldiers, both at home and in the hospitals. He thought that the 
bravery of many a young boy in battle was inspired by his sweetheart at 
home. Our wives and sweethearts must be honored and respected; they 
are the ones who shaped the good of our country. They shape our destinies 
and were still working for the boys who wore the blue just as faithfully 
and as loyally as in the dark days of the war. Every true soldier should 
love and respect the ladies. Herman said he did not think he could talk 
half as long as he did, and expected to break down before he commenced. 
(Applause). 

The quartette then sang "Red, White and Blue," the old soldiers 
joining in the chorus. 

Comrade Spofford 

responded to the toast, "Chaplains of the War." He said that no class 
of men in the army were respected more than the chaplains. They were 
not always at the front during battle but they were always at the bedside 
of the sick and dying, administering to their spiritual wants, brightening 
up some poor dying soldier's pathway to that better land, or speaking words 
of encouragement to a homesick boy. He said when the boys wanted to 
ask their Heavenly Father to guide and protect them they always went to 
the Chaplain and asked through him as they were of the opinion that the 
Chaplain was better acquainted with the Lord. The Chaplains of the army 
did good service during the war, and their work should never be forgot- 
ten. Their work did not cease with the war — for the past twenty-five 
years they have been leading the boys through the perils of civil life to 
that Grand Master of Comrades in that life beyond. 

Peter Wurtz, of Rock Run township was prevailed upon to sing "Old 
Shady," which he rendered in fine style much to the amusement of the 
assembly. 

Dan Galpin 

responded to the toast "46th Boys on Detached Service." He said the 
boys on detached service did good work. Fourteen first-class mechanics, 
carpenters, stone-masons, etc., were detailed from the 46th, to make bridg- 



282 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

es, railroads, etc. They were a brave lot of men and did lots -of hard 
work — harder than they have done since the war. They also did good 
work foraging. 

Mr. D. Winters, of Florence township, rendered "The Veteran 
Band" in fine style, after which the Germania Band played another excel- 
lent selection. 

Herman Wagner then got on the stage and said he had two prizes — 
one to be awarded to the most popular member of the 46th in Stephenson 
coimty, and the other to the best speaker. He had been inquiring and 
had found that Capt. Wim. Stewart was the most popular soldier and he 
presented him with a silver sword about five inches long, and said he hoped 
the Captain's enemies might be such that he could fell them to the earth 
with one stroke of his mighty sword. Mr. Wagner then said that the best 
talker in Stephenson county, who was a member of the 46th, was unques- 
tionably Captain Krape, and he presented him with a small bell, attached 
to a piece of ribbon. The whole affair was very novel and created con- 
siderable merriment. 

Dr. Carpenter, of Baileyville, was loudly called for and he made a very 
brilliant speech. He paid a very eloquent tribute to the bravery of Capt. 
Wm. Young, who was shot through the mouth by a minie ball and when 
requested to go to the hospital he replied: "I shall not leave the field 

while there is a d rebel to fight or a man of the 46th left to stay by 

me." Comrade Wm. Swanzey and others were called upon and made 
short remarks. 

Comrade Reed, of Washington, D. C, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the members of the 46th present at this reunion tender 
their heart-felt thanks to the officers of this Association, to the press of 
the city, and to all others who have assisted in entertaining us so sump- 
tuously and hospitably during our stay here. 

It was a late hour before the last of the veterans left the hall and 
took their departure for home. There was shaking of hands, and the old 
veterans parted with their comrades once more. Thus ended one of the 
most successful reunions ever held. 



In October, 1887, Gen. B. Dornblaser prepared the following historical 
sketch with view of presenting at reunion of that year. Lieut. T. B. Jones 
had been assigned this duty, who prepared the sketch and read it at the re- 
union, and Gen. Dornblaser withheld his history which is substituted and 
now printed in this history. — Editor. 

Ladies and Gentlemen; Comrades of the 46th Illinois Infantry. 

To meet again after a separation of 21 years is indeed a great pleasure. 
The friendly recognition and hearty greeting of comrades strengthens the 
ties of fraternity, and kindles anew the fires of loyalty. These army re- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 283 

unions are becoming more and more interesting from year to year as the 
number of survivors decreases. Recollections af army life and its varied 
incidents are revived and rehearsed with patriotic zeal. Our wives, our 
neighbors and friends join us in repeating the story of the war, and cele- 
brating the valor of the Army of the Union. 

Our children that have grown to manhood since the close of the war, 
and who are about to assume the duties and responsibilities of citizens of 
the government which the valor of their fathers maintained, listen with 
eager interest to everything relating to the war, and of the part taken by 
their fathers in it. They glory in our deeds, and will treasure the memory 
of them to our honor. 

Numerous histories have been written, giving in full detail, the move- 
ments of great armies and corps and the general events and results of the 
war. But the regimental records are yet incomplete ; a mere outline, with 
scarcely any individuality to distinguish them from the mass of troops 
engaged in any great battle or movement of the war. Survivors of the 
46th have come together to hold a regimental re-union. Some of us have 
traveled hundreds of miles and at much inconvenience, to be here. We all 
expect to, and no doubt will, have a splendid time while we are together, 
but that is not all we should want — something should be said or done here 
that will make our history as a regiment more complete and more endur- 
ing. Something that can be treasured among the archives of our regi- 
mental association and handed down to our descendants. 

To this end and by your permission I propose to relate as fully and as 
ably as I can, the movements of the regiment from its organization to its 
muster out. 

HISTORY OF THE 46th ILL. INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS. 



The real commencement of the civil war, was the firing on Ft. 
Sumter by the rebels, on April 12th, 186L The loyal sentiment of the 
north, heretofore dormant, was aroused to the highest pitch by this overt 
act of the secessionists. The call of President Lincoln, on the 15th, for 
75,000 troops was promptly responded to. So much so that to enable com- 
panies and regiments in excess of the first call to be mustered into the 
service of the United States, another call was made on May 3d, 1861, for 
82,714 additional troops. The congress of the United States convened on 
the 4th of July, 1861, and on the 2nd day of August authorized the presi- 
dent to call out 500,000 troops to serve three years. Under this call the 
46th regiment was organized. Col, John A. Davis immediately, on hearing 
the call, left his "plow standing in the furrow," called on Senator John H. 
Addams, Col. Geo. Walker, Capt. John Musser and others, who heartily 



284 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

co-operated with him in his efforts to recruit a regiment. Capt. John 
Musser had already commenced the organization of company "A" at 
Orangeville, and Col. Geo. Walker, of Company "B," at Rock Grove. Of 
this latter company, John A. Davis, at the request of Col. Walker, who did 
not feel physically able to endure the hardships of an active campaign, and 
who I am most happy to be able to greet, and welcome as a guest at this 
re-union, was elected Captain, although never mustered into the service as 
such. 

Recruiting was at once commenced for Company "C," by Capt. 
Frederick Krumme, Company "G," by Capt. William Young, and Com- 
pany "K," by Capt. John M. McCracken. As soon as these five companies 
had reached the minimum number for a company they were tendered to 
Gov. Yates for muster and assignment. They were ordered to Camp But- 
ler, near Springfield, where they arrived on Sept. 10th, 1861, the date fixed 
as the date of enlistment, although many of the men had enlisted a month 
or more before. On the 12th of Sept., John A. Davis was commissioned 
Colonel of the 46th Illinois Volunteer Infantry with full authority to re- 
cruit the same, and on the 14th, Rollin V. Ankeny was commissioned Cap- 
tain of Company B, vice John A. Davis, promoted. Company F was most- 
ly made up of recruits from Clay and Jasper counties and was organized 
with Thomas Wakefield as Captain. This constituted the 6th Company of 
the regiment. It was now about the 1st of December, and Gen. Grant was 
calling loudly and repeatedly for troops to make a strong advance into the 
South. Troops were hurried forward as soon as the regimental organi- 
zations were complete. Our battalion of six companies was often called 
out to do the honors of war to the departing hosts. Col. Davis, chafing 
under his enforced idleness in the camp of instruction, and his boys, as he 
called them, all spoiling for a fight, made it necessary to resort to every 
legitimate expedient to secure four more companies for his regiment. Col. 
John Dement, of Dixon, the noble sire of a gallant son, of whom your 
State is justly proud, had the nucleus of a regiment in camp at Dixon, 
called the Dement Phalanx, with no flattering prospects for a speedy or- 
ganization. Col. Davis, by the powerful aid of Gov. Yates, succeeded in 
having these four companies assigned to the 46th and transferred to Camp 
Butler in January 1862. These companies were lettered and commanded 
respectively as follows, viz : Company D, Capt. William L. Wilder, Com- 
pany E, Capt. John M. Marble, Company H, Capt. John Stephens, Com- 
pany I, Capt. Chas. P. Stimson. On December 31st, 1861, Lieut. Col. Wm. 
O. Jones and Major Frederick A. Starring resigned. John J. Jones, of the 
Dement Phalanx, was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel, and Benjamin 
Dornblaser, Major. The change from home to camp life, so entirely new 
and untried to all, caused much sickness and many deaths, before the reg- 
iment entered the field. Monotony of camp life was seldom varied by 
anything more exciting than dress parade, battalion or company drill. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 285 

Two companies, A and B, were armed with Enfield rifles soon after going 
into camp. Early in December, 1861, news came that a boat load of Illi- 
nois recruits were coming down the Mississippi river to be transferred 
and credited to the State of Missouri. Gov. Yates did not approve of this, 
and ordered Col. Davis to take his armed companies, proceed to Alton, 
intercept the boat, and bring the runaway recruits to Camp Butler, all of 
which was done in gallant style. When the regiment was fully organized, 
the work of drilling, arming and equipping the same was entered upon 
with great zeal by all of the officers and soldiers of the command. Finally 
after five weary months spent in the camp of instruction, orders came to 
prepare for the field. On the 11th day of February, 1862, the regiment left 
Camp Butler and went by rail to Cairo, Illinois. On arrival there it em- 
barked on board a steamer to join General Grant's army at Ft. Henry, 
Tennessee. But before the boat reached the mouth of the Tennessee river, 
the joyful tidings came that Ft. Henry was captured. Our destination was 
at once changed to Ft. Donelson, Tennessee, in the vicinity of which we 
landed on the morning of the 14th of February. As this was the first 
steamboat ride miost of the men had ever taken, it was much enjoyed. 
Especially as the weather was pleasant and the swollen river covered with 
a large fleet of transports loaded with troops going to the same destina- 
tion. The march to the rear of Ft. Donelson was a weary one. For lack 
of wagon transportation, the men had to carry rations, blankets and cook- 
ing utensils^in addition to their arms and ammunition. The regiment 
bivouacked for the night near Gen. Grant's headquarters. During 
the night the weather suddenly changed, and the shelterless soldiers 
found themselves covered with snow in the morning. The many 
who could not sleep, kept fires burning to keep themselves and 
their sleeping comrades from freezing. Here the first lesson in foraging 
in an enemy's country was taken, by killing a few sheep that were found 
in the vicinity. This was done, however, in a bungling and unskillful 
manner, caused, no doubt, more by reproving consciences, than lack of 
skill. But I am most happy to be able to bear testimony to the fact, and 
which should be made historical, that while the boys of the 46th never 
became conscienceless, they improved vastly in the art and science of for- 
aging. After taking a very unsatisfactory breakfast at an early hour, on the 
15th, the regiment was ordered to report to Gen. Lew Wallace, on the ex- 
treme right of our line. At this point the rebels had made a desperate 
but unsuccessful attempt the day previous to break through our lines and 
escape. Gen. Grant had reasons to believe that another attempt would be 
made and made the necessary disposition of his forces to repulse it. On 
the way many ambulances filled with wounded men were met, and fre- 
quent and heavy firing was heard at the front. It was by no means cheer- 
ful music to march by, and none of us were just then spoiling for a fight 
as much as when we were safely housed in Camp Butler. The regiment, 

]9 



286 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

however, reached its position early in the day and was held in reserve, 
ready to move promptly to any threatened point. Evidences of the conflict 
of the 14th were all about us, such as disabled cannons, broken muskets, 
shreds of clothing and blankets, and many pools of blood where the 
wounded had lain until they could be moved from the field. The enemy 
was so closely pressed on all sides during the 15th, that they could not 
spare a force strong enough to make a successful break to get away. 
Hence the regiment was not called into action, but was subject to oc- 
casional cannon shots from the front, one of which exploded a shell in 
such close proximity as to cause the death of one man and the wounding 
of two others. This was the first time the regiment had been under fire, 
and its effect was more terrifying than disastrous, but it taught us to 
know ourselves better than we had ever done before. The timid became 
brave and the braggart cowered with unmanly fear. 

Quartermaster David S. Pride did everything in his power to supply 
the regiment with rations, but as teams could not be had, he brought all the 
hard bread to our bivouac that he could carry on his horse. We returned 
to our camp of the previous night, to get what could be had to eat. At 
dawn of the 16th, the regiment was again on its way to the front carrying 
everything that was brought from the landing, except the rations, which 
had all disappeared. When the position of the previous day was reached, 
white flags were observed on the rebel works. Without halting we 
marched through the works to the Cumberland river at the little town of 
Dover, and guarded the stores on the landing until they could be 
distributed and stored. The regiment had had a famine, now it was hav- 
ing a feast. Our army transports landed the supplies with which they 
were loaded, and at once carried away the thousands of prisoners that 
had been surrendered to our army. The regiment was quartered in houses 
and sheds while on duty here, and fared sumptuously every day. 

All of the companies except A and B, were armed with the Harpers 
Ferry buck and ball cartridge musket, and as the larger part of the cap- 
tured small arms were in custody of the regiment, a prompt exchange was 
made for better guns. In anticipation of another march Col. Davis pro- 
cured two four mule teams, all that could be had out of the capture. It 
was none too soon for on the 19th of February the regiment marched to 
Ft. Henry on the Tennessee river, and occupied some log cabins built 
by the rebels. These log cabins were filthy in the extreme, and situated 
on low, wet, ground near the river, which, while the regiment was in camp 
here, overflowed its banks most of the time. Sickness prevailed to an 
alarming extent, and deaths were numerous. The camp and garrison 
equipage of the regiment was sent around to Ft. Henry by boat, and on 
the 6th of March we embarked for Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. The 
Tennessee river was very high, the transports very much crowded, and 
the water very unhealthy, all of which tended to increase rather than 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 287 

to lessen the sick list. There appeared to be a special fatality attending 
this expedition. Almost every day soldiers fell overboard and were 
drowned. The 46th lost at least three in this way. One morning when 
we were preparing to disembark I saw two men who had fallen overboard 
at the same time from separate boats, float down the angry stream and 
finally disappear forever. On the 18th of March the regiment disembarked 
and went into camp a mile and a half from the landing. Having but 
two light teams, it was an arduous task to carry all of the tents and bag- 
gage of the regiment to camp and to put it into army regulation shape. 

As the regiments landed and went into camp they were at once as- 
signed to certain brigades and divisions. The 46th together with the 14th 
and 15th Illinois and 25th Indiana composed the 2nd brigade of the 
4th division. Brigadier Gen. S. A. Hurlbut commanded the division and 
Col. James C.Veatch of the 25th Ind., the brigade. Up to this time the move- 
ments of the regiment had been mostly by boat. Now long marches and 
frequent battles were in prospect. Col. Davis here drew wagon transpor- 
tation and kept the regiment busy drilling, and otherwise exercising, 
to improve its efficency and promote health. Considerable quiet rivalry 
arose between the regiments of the brigade and division, each seeking to 
excel in every soldierly quality which was so soon to be put to the severest 
test. 

In the battle of Shiloh, which was fought on the 6th and 7th of April 
1862, the 46th took a conspicuous and honorable part, losing over half of 
its officers and men in killed and wounded,' and receiving the thanks of 
the commanding generals. Among the wounded were Col. Davis, Maj. 
Dornblaser, Captains Mlusser, Stephens, Marble, Young and McCracken, 
Lieuts. Hood, Barr, Arnold, Ingraham and Howell. In this action the 
"Fighting fourth division" of Gen. Hurlbut achieved a reputation for 
bravery to which it added in every field in which it was engaged till the 
close of the war. The conduct of the regiment at Shiloh is fully set forth 
in the following extracts from the reports of commanders whose names 
are attached thereto : 

Headquarters 2nd Brigade 4th Division, 
Lieut. Col. John J. Jones, April 9th, 1862. 

Commanding 46th Ills. 

Dear Sir : — I beg to thank you and the officers and the soldiers of 
the 46th Illinois Infantry for their noble conduct during the action of 
Monday morning last, when your lamented colonel so promptly responded 
to my request to take a position in my command, and so gallantly led you 
in the face of the enemy with so fatal a result to himself. My heartfelt 
sympathies are with you in your severe loss, and your soldierly conduct 
shall receive a fitting notice in my official report. 

I am, sir, truly yours, C. C. Marsh, 

Col. 20th 111. Infty. Commanding Brigade. 



HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



Col. Davis was shot through the lungs, and no one supposed that he 
would survive, but his iron will with careful nursing brought him through, 
and enabled him to join his command six imonths later. Capts. Musser 
and Stephens and Lieuts. Hood, Ingraham and Howell, all died of their 
wounds. The commanders noticed the regiment as follows : 
********* 

"Col. Davis, Lieut. Col. Jones, Major Dornblaser, of the 46th Illinois 
Infantry, each displayed coolness and courage in resisting the heavy 
columns thrown against them. Major Dornblaser was wounded and 
compelled to leave the field early on the first day. Col. Davis was severely 
wounded on the second day while gallantly fighting in Col. Marsh's 
brigade, and was carried from the field. Lieut. Col. Jones took command 
and conducted his regiment with skill and courage until the battle closed. 

(Signed) James C. Veatch, 

Col. Commanding Brigade." 



REPORT OF GEN. S. A. HURLBUT. 



The general commanding tenders his heartfelt congratulations to the 
surviving officers and men of his division for their magnificent services 
during the two days of struggle, which, under the blessing of God, has 
resulted in victory. Let the division remember that for five hours on 
Sunday they held, under the most terrific fire, the key point of the left 
of the army and only fell back when outflanked by overwhelming numbers, 
pressing through points abandoned by our supports. Let them remember 
that when they fell back it was in order, and that the last line of resist- 
ance in rear of the heavy guns was formed by this division. Let them 
remember that on the morning of Monday, without food and without 
sleep they were ordered forward to reinforce the right, and that whenever 
either brigade of this division appeared on the field of action, they were in 
time to support the broken phalanx and to hold the line. Keep these 
facts in your memory, to hand down to your children when we conquer 
a peace, and let it be the chief pride of every man in the command — as 
it is of your general — that he was at Pittsburg with the Fighting Fourth 
Division. 

By order of Brig. Gew'l. 
Reports Hurlbut's order, (Signed) S. A. Hurlbut. 

Smith D. Atkins, 

A. A. A. Gen'l, 4th Div. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 289 

After a battle so terrible in its results it is not at all surprising that 
the regiment was demoralized. Col. Davis and Major Dornblaser were 
absent wounded, and Lieut. Col. Jones was taken so seriously ill that he 
was taken to a hospital. This left the 46th without a field officer in 
command, and most of the companies in charge of lieutenants, and even 
sergeants. When the march on Corinth, Miss., was commenced on the 
30th of April, Lieut. Col. Cam, of the 14th Illinois, was assigned to com- 
mand the 46th. About the 20th of May 1862, although suffering from 
wounds I returned to the regiment and assumed command. 

The siege of Corinth had commenced, by throwing up elaborate earth- 
works ten miles from the entrenchments of the enemy. The siege was 
conducted upon strictly scientific principles. Advances were made by our 
forces, as soon as our last line of earthworks were fully completed, and 
would in no case exceed two miles, when another line, if possible, more 
elaborate, had to be erected. The siege, however, was a grand military 
success. Not only was the entire rebel army driven out, but had also 
taken away all of their guns, great and small, camp and garrison equipage, 
forage and ammunition. The 46th made no captures of any kind, save 
and except a set of dishes for his mess by the chaplain on Sunday morn- 
ing. May 30th. On the 1st of June the army passed through the town of 
Corinth, on its way to Memphis as we believed. On the 2nd we went into 
camp six miles west of Corinth, and did not leave it till the 10th. Here the 
paymaster visited us for the first time since the 46th went to the field. 
To say that the paymaster was a welcome guest, was putting it exceeding- 
ly mild. Everybody was happy, for even those who had no money due 
them knew where they could borrow, or obtain it in some other way. The 
men were advised to send all of the money home that they could spare. 
The chaplain (Teed) was detailed as agent to carry it home for them, 
and the greater number availed themselves of the opportunity. The regi- 
ment marched leisurely across the Hatchie river through Grand Junction, 
to what was known as Collarbone Hill near Lagrange, and went into camp 
on the 24th of June. 

On the 30th of June an expedition commandied by Gen. Sherman, 
started out on a reconnaissance toward Holly Springs, Mississippi. On 
the 3rd of July the brigade went into camp near Cold Water creek. Caval- 
ry was sent out in every direction, but no enemy was encountered. Fruit, 
vegetables and chickens were abundant, and everybody was once more 
happy. The 4th was celebrated very quietly in camp, until about 4 o'clock 
p. m., when an alarm was sounded, caused by a report that the enemy was 
approching from the direction of Holly Springs. The report proved false, 
but tents were struck and baggage loaded quicker than the 46th had ever 
done it before. After a very hot and dusty march, the regiment returned 
to camp on the 6th of July. On the march out, our cavalry were much 
annoyed by guerillas or small squads of the enemy firing on them from 



290 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

the shelter of plantation houses and outbuildings. Many of these buildings 
were burned on the return march, being the first illustration of "war's 
desolation" the regiment had seen up to this time. Rebel property, build- 
ings, crops, provisions, and even cisterns and wells of water were guarded, 
rebel owners were permitted to search the camps for runaway slaves and 
lead them out like cattle. Many of these crops were afterwards gathered 
for the use of the rebel army. On the 17th of July the 46th commenced 
the march to Memphis, where it arrived on the 21st. The 4th division 
had been guarding the Memphis & Charleston railroad from Grand Junc- 
tion to Germantown, but was now relieved by other troops. While at 
Memphis new clothing was issued, and another payment made by the pay- 
master. The clothing and money was much needed, and "filled a long 
felt want." On the 27th of August the regiment with other troops made a 
scout towards Hernando, Miss., but met no enemy, and returned to camp 
next day. On the 6th day of September our division left Memphis, and 
marched by way of Raleigh, Union Station, Big Muddy, Hampton, Dan- 
ville, Whiteville and Pleasant Creek, to Bolivar, Tennessee, where we 
arrived and went into camp on the 14th of September. Lieut. Col. Jones 
had returned to his regiment and assumed command, and on the 21st of 
September Col. Davis also returned, but as he was still suffering from his 
wounds he did little active duty for a time. When the tents and baggage 
of the 46th were sent from Ft. Donelson to Ft. Henry, a part of it was 
stored at Paducah. This was now much needed, as a large part of it was 
private property. Col. Davis ordered me to go to Paducah and look it up. 
I did not return to the regiment until the 6th of October. On the 27th of 
September Gen. McPherson reviewed all the troops in his command, and 
as they had all been lately paid, newly clothed, and well fed, they made a 
splendid appearance. On the 4th of October the 4th division marched 
towards Corinth, which place was being besieged by a large force of con- 
federates, commanded by Price and Van Dorn. After a desperate and 
bloody battle, the enemy was repulsed, and in their retreat, attempted to 
cross the Hatchie river near the village of Metamora. Here on the morn- 
ing of the 5th of October, just 25 years ago this day, the 4th division met 
the enemy and drove back what were not killed and captured. The 46th 
was in position on the right of the 2nd brigade, supporting Bolton's 
Battery. After an hour's shelling by the batteries, the infantry were 
ordered forward and at a double quick, advanced under a heavy fire of 
artillery across the bridge. Gen. Hurlbut promptly formed his division 
and drove the enemy from the field in such haste that they had to abandon 
much of their train, baggage and guns. Col. John A. Davis and Lieut. 
M. R. Thompson, acting adjutant, were both mortally wounded, and 
died on the 10th. Gen. Veatch in his report of the battle of the Hatchie, 
complimented his brigade very highly as follows: "The field and staff 
officers of every regiment appeared to do all that could be done to render 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 291 

victory complete. The line officers so far as their conduct came within 
my notice, did their whole duty, and the men moved with steadiness and 
resolute courage not easily surpassed. The loss in killed and wounded 
embraces many valuable officers. Col. John A. Davis of the 46th, fell 
severely wounded early in the action, while gallantly leading his regiment 
in charge. He has since died of his wounds. He was generous, noble 
and brave, and will be regretted by all who knew him." Those of us who 
knew Col. Davis most intimately for years before the war as a neighbor, 
citizen, and representative in the State Legislature, need not be told of his 
social and mental qualities, nor of his kindness of heart. His short but 
brilliant military career makes a page in history never to be obliterated. 
Of Lieut. Moses R. Thompson who was wounded at the same battle and 
died on the same day that Col. Davis did, I want to say, and to make it 
a matter of the most enduring record, that he was one of the best and 
noblest men that ever lived. His memory should be cherished and his 
name honored by every member of the 46th and by the people of this 
country. I would fain extend these eulogies, but must proceed as before. 
After the battle the division returned to camp Bolivar, where almost every- 
thing else was neglected to the care of the wounded. The bodies of Col. 
Davis and Lieut. Thompson were sent to Freeport in charge of a detail 
from the regiment, for burial. Active preparations were now made for a 
forward and aggressive move. Gen. Hurlbut took command of the post 
at Memphis and Gen. Veatch of the 4th division. Col. Turner of the 15th 
Illinois, took command of the 2nd brigade, but before the troops had 
gone three miles an order came accepting his resignation, which he had 
han 'ed in some time before. Col. W. Q. Gresham of the 53d Indiana, 
now commanded the brigade until the return of Col. Cyrus Hall of the 
14th Illinois, who was the ranking colonel in the brigade. November 3rd 
the division marched to Lagrange, Tennessee, and next day the 46th went 
into its old camp on "Collarbone Hill." On the 21st of October I was 
commissioned colonel of the 46th Illinois, vice John A. Davis killed in 
battle. Captain John M. McCracken was afterwards commissioned major 
in my place. Two companies, D, and I, having become much reduced by 
casualties of war, were consolidated on the 13th of November, 1862, but 
the order of consolidation was not received till March 7, 1863. Adjutant 
E. R. Lord, Capt. Wm. F. Wilder and Lieut. Coe of company D, and Capt. 
R. D Campbell and Lieut Ballard of company I, resigned. Lieut. Henry 
H. Woodbury was commissioned adjutant of the regiment. Quarter- 
master D. S. Pride was made captain of company I, and Hezekiah A. 
Bullock, 1st lieutenant and Uriah J. Terry, 2nd lieutenant. Sergeant 
Edwin R. Gillet was commissioned Quartermaster of the regiment, vice 
Pride promoted. This reduced the regiment to nine companies, and elimi- 
nated nearly all of the dissatisfied element, on my promotion over Lieut. 
Col. Jones. November 28th the regiment left camp and marched to old 



292 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Lamar, •29th to Holly Springs, and 30th to near Waterford, Mississippi, 
where we went into camp. A rumor became current that this camp would 
be the winter quarters of the regiment, and in consequence, a splendid 
camp with all the conveniences for comfort was speedily fitted up, but 
much to our chagrin we had to leave it on the 11th of December and 
continue southward, via Oxford to Taylor's Station, on the railroad from 
Memphis to Grenada, Mississippi. Gen. Sherman had taken a large force 
down the Mississippi river to Vicksburg and Gen. Grant proposed to aid 
him by marching an army via Yazoo City to the rear of Vicksburg. But 
Gen. Van Dorn of the rebel army, through the treachery or inefficency of 
the commanding officer, captured Holly Springs, the base of supplies for 
General Grant's army, and destroyed all the stores accumulated there. 
This compelled a retreat of the Federal army. Hence on the 23rd of 
December the northward march was commenced via Oxford, to Hurricane 
creek. On the 24th the 46th Illinois and 33d Wisconsin, as a train guard 
marched to the north side of the Tallahatchie river, and on the 26th went 
into camp four miles north. By this time all of our rations had been eaten, 
supply trains from Memphis had not yet returned, and necessity com- 
pelled us to scour the country thoroughly for something to eat and feed 
for our animals. The country had been traversed so much by the troops 
of both sides, that but little was left. Our principal subsistence was 
parched corn and a limited supply of hogs that in the language of Capt. 
Stewart had not "meat enough on them to bait a rat trap." Occasionally 
some chickens were found, and in one instance, a gallon of apple jack or 
peach brandy, was confiscated and brought to camp. The first boxes of 
liard bread that arrived were promptly seized and eaten without spice of 
•unfavorable comment. January 6th, 1863, we again entered Holly Springs, 
and on the 10th the 15th and 46th started out as an escort to a large am- 
munition train to Lagrange. Tennessee, where we arrived on the evening 
of the 11th of January. We were ordered to Moscow, Tennessee, on the 
13th, and remained till February 5th, when we went to Lafayette, the first 
station on the Memphis & Charleston railroad west of Moscow. 

The garrison of Moscow consisted of the 1st brigade of t'he 4th 
division, the 46th and 76th Illinois of the 2nd brigade, and two batteries. 
'The garrison of Lafayette was the 14th and 15th Illinois and one battery 
under the command of Col. Cyrus Hall. The 2nd brigade was again united 
-at Lafayette, Tennessee, on the 5th of March, and on the 9th marched 
via CoUierville and Germantown to Memphis. Gen. Lauman was now in 
command of the 4th division, and Col. Hall of the 14th Illinois, of the 2nd 
brigade. Here again much friendly rivalry sprung up between the regi- 
ments of the division, in drill, discipline and soldierly bearing. Gen. Lau- 
man would call for two regiments, not of the same brigade to appear at 
a certain time before his headquarters, to execute their best military 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 293 

maneuvers, and to pass before him in review. The 46th never suffered in 
comparison, except on one occasion, and that failure was by no means 
through any fault of the rank and file of the regiment. On the 21st of 
April the 46th with several other regiments engaged in an expedition to 
Hernando and Cold Water, Mississippi. A small force of rebels was 
driven out of Hernando and across Cold Water river. About thirty 
prisoners and some supplies were captured. There were no casualties in 
the 46th and but few in the command. The return march on the 24th of 
April was a rapid and peculiar one, on account of the large number of 
negro slaves that accompanied the troops to Memphis. Several of our 
officers were more kind-hearted than the others, and filled the empty 
wagons with the fleeing women and children, who were too weak to follow 
on foot. All of them were taken to the "Contraband camp" near Memphis. 
The regiment embarked on the 13th of May to engage in the capture of 
Vicksburg. Landed at Young's Point, Mississippi, on the 15th ; on the 18th 
marched to Bower's Landing, below Vicksburg. The 4th division had 
been ordered to go to Grand Gulf, to follow up and reinforce Gen. Grant, 
who, with his army had captured Jackson, Mississippi, and was on his 
way back to the rear of Vicksburg. 

There were boats for only a part of the command, and while the 46th 
was waiting for transportation, it was suddenly ordered back to take boat 
for the Yazoo river. May 20th we went by boat to Chickasaw Bayou, dis- 
embarked, and moved across the swamp to the bluff. Next day the regi- 
ment joined the right of General Grant's army now before Vicksburg. Up- 
on the arrival of the balance of the brigade from Grand Gulf, the division 
went to Snyder's Bluff, to guard the rear of the army. It was relieved on 
the 24th of May and proceeded to the extreme left of our line covering the 
Warrenton road. On the evening of May 25th the regiment was detailed 
on picket duty, and during the night the outpost consisting of five compan- 
ies in command of Lieut. Col. Jones, was captured by the enemy. One 
hundred and four men and seven officers were captured, seventy escaping. 
The balance of the regiment took an active part in the siege of Vicksburg 
until its surrender. Gen Johnson had been collecting an army at Jackson 
with the object of relieving the rebel garrison of Vicksburg. Consequently 
Gen. Grant ordered a movement of his army toward Jackson immediately 
after Gen. Pemberton had agreed on terms of surrender. The regiment 
was not permitted to enter the city, but was ordered to hold itself in readi- 
ness to march at daylight of the 4th of July. However, before we started 
out. we had the pleasure of seeing the Johnnies march out of their forti- 
fications, stack arms and leave their colors to be taken charge of by our 
victorious army. On our march to Jackson the great battle fields of Cham- 
pion Hills, Clinton and Raymond were passed over, where the evidences of 
the recent conflicts could be seen on every hand. On the 9th of July, Dick- 
son Plantations, near Jackson, was reached. Our 2d brigade was detached to 



294 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

guard the Corps train, while the other two brigades of the division took a 
position on the extreme right of the line, resting on Pearl river, and before 
Jackson. Here on the 12th, Gen. Lauman, through some misunderstand- 
ing orders, made an assault with his first brigade without support upon 
the enemy's works, and was repulsed with terrible loss. He was at once 
relieved from command, and his division temporarily assigned to Gen. Lew 
Wallace's division. The Confederates evacuated their works and the city 
on the 16th, and escaped across the Pearl river, never again to return in 
force to the Mississippi river during the war. The division was now trans- 
ferred to the 17th corps, and Brigadier General M. M. Crocker assigned to 
the command. On the 13th of August the 46th embarked and went down 
the river to Natchez, where the regiment spent a very pleasant month. On 
the 1st of September our expedition went across the river into Louisiana. 
The 46th was left at Trinity river to guard the crossing, while the remain- 
der of the troops went to Harrisonburg, La., capturing Ft. Beauregard in 
the Washita river, and returning to Natchez on the 8th. The regiment re- 
turned to Vicksburg on the 16th of September and went into camp in the 
northeast part of the city, where it remained mostly inactive until Nov. 
28th, when it moved to Camp Cowen, on Clear Creek, nine miles east of 
the city. Gen. McPherson, commanding the Department of Vicksburg, in 
compliance with orders from the Sec. of War, made a special effort to in- 
duce the regiments of His command to re-enlist as veteran regiments. To 
this end he requested all of the regimental commanders to call at his head- 
quarters at Vicksburg, for consultation and instruction. The officers and 
soldiers of the 46th after hearing the order and its inducements fully ex- 
planied, entered into the work of re-enlistment with such zeal that on the 
4th day of January, 1864, almost the entire regiment was mustered into ser- 
vice for three years or during the war, by Lieut. Hyde of the regular army. 
On the 10th of January the veterans left Camp Cowan to go home on vet- 
eran furlough. When we reached Vicksburg the regiment formed in front 
of Gen. McPherson's headquarters and saluted the General, who acknowl- 
edged the salute by a very neat and complimentary speech. He gave the 
46th the credit of being the first regiment to re-enlist as a veteran regi- 
ment in his department. The steamer Planet was at the wharf waiting to 
receive us, and upon which we embarked at once. On the afternoon and 
night of the 11th the men were all paid on muster out rolls and advance pay 
as veterans, by Maj. Stewart, paymaster. Early on the morning of the 12th 
our steamer pulled out and slowly passed up the river through heavy masses 
of floating ice, on account of which the boat had to tie up every night. There 
were 334 men of the 46th on board, and sevdral hundred soldiers of other 
regiments. January 14th James M. French of CompanyE died. January 20th 
at 11 a. m. we arrived at Cairo, 111., and reported to Adjutant General Ful- 
ler, by telegram, who on the next day ordered the regiment to go into camp 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 295 

at Freeport, where we arrived on the 23rd of January. The 46th was re- 
ceived with grand honors and escorted by the band and Company B of the 
26th Illinois, to Plymouth Hall, where the ladies of Freeport had prepared a 
sumptuous lunch for the boys. The members of the regiment lost no time in 
disbanding and seeking their several homes. Adjutant Woodbury went to 
Springfield for furloughs, which were promptly sent to the men on the 27th 
of January. During the month of Feburary 1864, the officers of the regi- 
ment were busily engaged recruiting, and one new company raised at Free- 
port and commanded by Captain James W. Crane, was attached to the regi- 
ment as Company D. On the 2d of March 1864, the regiment numbering 984 
officers and men left Freeport and proceeded to Cairo, Illinois, by rail, thence 
to Vicksburg, Mississippi, by boat, and thence to Camp Hebron, ten miles 
east of Vicksburg, where the regiment rejoined the 2d brigade, 4th divis- 
ion, 17th army corps. From March 10th to April 5th the 46th was in camp 
under vigorous drill and discipline. Upon the latter date the brigade to 
which it was attached marched to Big Black Bridge, 12 miles east of Vicks- 
burg, and reported to Brigadier General E. S. Dennis commanding. April 
25th and 46th went to Vicksburg by rail and encamped near Battery Ran- 
som, northeast of the city. May 4th started out on an expedition to Ben- 
ton and Yazoo City, Mississippi, with the command under Brigadier Gen- 
eral John McArthur, and the regiment under Lieut. Col. Jones. Col. 
Dornblaser of the 46th, commanded one brigade and Col. Coates of the 
11th Illinois, the other. Benton was reached on the 9th and taken pos- 
session of after a sharp skirmish with the enemy. April 13th marched to 
Vaughn Station, 15th to Yazoo City, and on the 18th returned via Liver- 
pool, Sartartia and Haines Bluff to camp at Vicksburg, having marched 
over 200 miles. The only casuality was Sergeant Lansing Eells of Win- 
slow, killed. The 46th remained in camp till July 1st, when it again started 
out on a scout to Jackson, Mississippi. On the 4th at Clinton a sharp en- 
gagement was had with the Johnnies, but with no serious loss to us. On 
the 5th we reached Jackson and went into camp south of the city. In the 
afternoon of the 6th our cozy comfort in camp was seriously disturbed by 
a report that the rebels had come down from Canton in large force and cut 
off our retreat to Vicksburg. Gen. Slocum who was in command, at once 
ordered the 5th U. S. colored cavalry to advance and skirmish with the 
enemy until the infantry could come to their support, which they did in 
gallant style. The 1st brigade consisting of the 46th and 76th Illinois and 
a section of Bolton's battery, made a rapid march and came up to the cav- 
alry just as they had exhausted their ammunition. The darkies were more 
than glad to give way to the white troops, who soon cleared the Vicks- 
burg road and took up a strong position for the night. Early next morning 
we were ordered to advance and press the enemy back, that the wagon train 
escorted by the cavalry might pass on towards Vicksburg. It was a stub- 



296 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

born fight followed by a rapid retreat. Our killed and wounded were left 
on the field to the care of the enemy, who followed closely and made 
another charge near Clinton in which they were repulsed with ser- 
ious loss to them but slight to us. We reached our camp at Vicksburg 
again on the 9th having sustained a loss in entire command of three killed 
thirty-six wounded, one captured and three missing, total 43. This ex- 
pedition was much criticised as having been made more for profit than glory. 
July 29th, 1864, the regiment embarked on board the steamer Arkansas, and 
dropped down to Morganza Bend. Louisiana, where it went into camp. 
On the 13th of August the regiment was assigned to the 1st brigade, 2d 
division, 19th army corps. Gen. Reynolds commanded the corps, Gen. 
Dennis the division and Col. Dornblaser the brigade. August 23rd the 
brigade made a reconnaissance to Clinton, La., via Port Hudson, returning 
again on the 29th. The incidents of note were weary night marches, false 
alarms, no fighting and plenty of fun at the expense of eastern troops. 
On September 3d we left Morganza Bend by boat and landed at the mouth 
of White river, Arkansas, on the 8th. The non-veterans of Companies A, 
B and C, left for Springfield, Illinois, on the 13th of September to be mus- 
tered out by reason of expiration of service. 

October 6th the regiment started by boat up White river to Duvall's 
Bluff, where it landed and went into camp on the 9th. On the 28th it 
left for Memphis, Tennessee, reaching there December 1st. While in camp 
here, the non-veterans of Companies E, F, H, I, and K, were mustered out 
of service. On the 12th of December the 19th Army Corps was reorgan- 
ized, and was for a time known as the Reserve Corps Military Division of 
west Mississippi. The 46th was attached to the 2d brigade and marched 
to Moscow and Wolf river, Tennessee, on the Memphis & Charleston rail- 
road and returned from the 21st to the 31st of December. This expedition 
was commanded by Gen. Lawler. On January 2d, 1865, the regiment pro- 
ceeded by boat to Kennerville, Louisiana. February 8th embarked on 
steamers Planter and Alabama at Lake Port, and steamed across Lake 
Ponchartrain to Ft. Gaines, on Dauphin Island, Alabama, where it arrived 
on the 10th. 

Col. Dornblaser, who had been home on leave of absence, arrived on 
the 1st of March with one hundred and sixty recruits for the regiment, 
which brought the number up again to a point approaching the maximum. 
While in camp at Fort Gaines the Reserve Corps was reorganized, and named 
the 13th Army Corps, to be commanded by Gen. Gordon Granger. The 
46th was placed in the 2d brigade of the first division. Gen. Jamels C. 
Veatch was again to command the division, and Gen. Dennis the brigade. 
On the 18th of March the regiment commenced the march with the corps 
to Mobile. Ft. Spanish was first invested, the 46th being on the extreme 
left of the line next the bay, and moved up within easy cannon range and 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 297 

built earthworks. Before another advance was made, Gen. A. J. Smith 
came up with his division and relieved ours. We were at once sent up 
the bay to Ft. Blakely, which was also closely invested, and the siege so 
vigorously prosecuted that on the 9th of April a charge was made and the 
Fort captured with many prisoners and munitions of war. The capture of 
their strong fortifications, rendered the further occupation of the city of 
Mobile by the confederates untenantable; hence its evacuation followed 
promptly. Our division entered the city on the morning of the 12th of 
April, 1865. The 8th Illinois Infantry was assigned to provost duty in the 
city, and the 46th to outpost duty. But the end was now evidently fast ap- 
proaching. Our armies were everywhere victorious, and the clouds of de- 
spondency were settling down upon the armies of the south. The brief, 
but comprehensive command to "push things" was strictly obeyed in the 
west as in the east. Expeditions were organized and sent out in every di- 
rection wherever a foe was known to be, prepared and determined to 
crush him. But before many of them could reach their destination the 
tidings of surrender were flashed from the east to the west and the war of 
the rebellion was closed. Rebel armies were however yet in the field, not 
to wage further warfare, but to surrender according to the terms of Lee's 
capitulation, and hence on the r2th of May the regiment went by rail to 
Meridian, Miss., and received the surrender of Gen. Dick Taylor's army. 
After taking charge and disposing of the arms and property of Taylor's 
army and seeing it disbanded, we again returned to Mobile on the 21st of 
May. On the 27th of May the regiment embarked for New Orleans, where 
it arrived on the 28th and went into camp at the race track west of the 
city. Gen. Kirby Smith's Trans-Mississippi army was at Shreveport, La., 
for which place we embarked on the 30th of May, and proceeded up Re'd 
river via Alexandria and Natchitoches. Upon our arrival, however, we 
found but a small remnant of Smith's army there, as the valliant general 
and most of his followers had fled to their homes in Texas, and to the re- 
public of Mexico. Our entire' division had gone to Shreveport, and as there 
was now no necessity for so many troops at this point, and as the work of 
mustering out had begun the 46th was on the 19th of June sent to Grand 
Ecore and Natchitoches, La. Gen. Bank's unfortunate expedition had left 
a large number of army wagons, mules and other property of Uncle Sam 
in this part of the United States. The principal business of the 46th was 
to collect this property together with "confederate states" cotton that was 
hidden in the swamps and ship it to New Orleans. The war appeared to us 
to be over and many appeals were made to be mustered out of the service. 
Desertions were becoming painfully frequent, and the performance of any 
military duty was irksome. Yet, we were on the 20th of November order- 
ed to march overland to Shreveport, La., simply to occupy the place and 



298 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

maintain order until civil authority could be re-established. But finally on 
the 26th of December the welcome order came to proceed to Baton Rouge, 
La., for muster out. 

On January 20th, 1866, the regiment was mustered out and on the 
same day started for Springfield, Illinois, for final discharge, which final 
discharge is dated February 1st, 1866, having served as an organization 
four years and one month, and many of its members four years and a half. 



REUNION OF 1889. 



VETERANS MEET. 



(From the Freeport Weekly Journal of Aug. 28, 1889.) 
A more perfect day for a soldiers' reunion could hardly be asked for. 
At least so thought the survivors of the old 46th as they arrived in Free- 
port this morning to attend the reunion of their old regiment. Our mer- 
chants have showed an interest in the old veterans by decorating their 
places of business and the city has presented a holiday attire. The com- 
mittee, who have had charge of the reunion, worked hard to make it a suc- 
cess, and while there is not as large a number of the boys present as at the 
last reunion, still those who did come, feel amply repaid for their visit. 
The last reunion of this regiment was held in Freeport Oct. 5th, 1887, and 
at that time the Journal published a very complete history of the regi- 
ment, which was prepared with great care by Lieut. Thomas B. Jones, of 
Buckeye. Most of our readers are familiar with the record of the gallant 
regiment, so it will not be necessary to quote its history on this occasion. 

Those in Attendance. 
Among those who were attending the reunion might be mentioned: 
F. C. Held, Freeport; A. J. Bates, Cedarville; N. F. Cooledge, 

Pecatonica; D. Kostenbader, Cedarville; W. McElhaney, Dakota; Capt. 

W. G. Barnes, John R. Waddel, Capt. Arno, W. W. Krape, Capt. Wm. 

Young, R. Hanke, W. B. Garrison, Paul Petrick, Jacob Prince, Thos. 

Runner, Wm. Spitler, Chas. L. Beebe, Freeport; Jacob Becks, Durand; 

D. D. Tyler, Browntown ; G. S. Roush, Henry Hoyman, Lena ; J. P. Kleck- 

ner, McConnells; J. A. Shoemaker, Polo; Benedict Joy, H. King, Addison 

Donmoyer, Winslow; W. H. Brubaker, W. McGilligan, Ridott; H. L. 

Wagner, Davenport; Luther Angle, Dakota; A. E. Machamer, Shannon; 

Israel Miller, McConnells; Henry Bemis, Oregon; T. B. Fisher, J. W. 

Holmes, Amboy; J. B. Musser, J. C. Daughenbaugh, Orangeville; J. W. 

Trenholm, Flag Station; Peter Wurtz, Davis; W. Reitzell, Jacob Lauck, 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 299 

Rock Grove; Geo. W. Bolender, Buena Vista; Benj. Morse, Chicago; 
Miller Zeigler, Rock City; M. T. Steffen, Freeport; R. Nunn, Lyons; 
Wm. Swanzey, Freeport; Thos. Venson, Starr, Iowa; Chas. Barrett, 
Sioux Falls, D. T. ; B. T. St. John, Sterling; Louis Korn, Freeport; 
Nicholas Kastler, Amboy; Wm. Hanke, Eleroy; S. A. Sleight, Lyons, 
Iowa ;Wm. Stober, Freeport ; Chris. Daughenbaugh, Orangeville ; Chas. 
Musser, Orangeville ; Philip Knecht, Freeport ; L. Currier, Oregon ; W. H. 
Rutter, Cedarville ; Christopher Green, Sheffield, la. ; Theodore Segin, 
Freeport ; Jonathan Matter, Dakota ; Isaac Bobb, Orangeville ; Henry 
Gorman, Cedarville; Albert Lincoln, Waterloo; James Maddley, Water- 
loo, la.; Benj. Musser, Jewell, Kans. ; H. S. Keck, Dakota, 111.; George 
Sheets, Trenton; Porter Benjamin, Prophetstown ; P. O'Neal, Iowa Falls, 
Iowa; John Windecker, Robertson, Iowa; B. H. Bradshaw, Orangeville; 
Thos. B. Jones, Buckeye ; Isaac Gage, Winslow ; Lewis Moses, Buckeye ; 
John H. Whitmeyer, Damascus ; Lorenz Seiferman, John Weifenbach, 
F. J. Koehler, Fred. Demuth, Chas. Frisbie, H. C. Best, John Curran, Len 
Lee, Freeport ; Peter Seyler, Lena ; Espy Devore, Aurelia, la. ; Wm. 
Barnds, Orangeville ; Wm. Clingman, Cedarville ; Wm. Smith, Winslow ; 
I. N. Lee, Webster City, la. ; A. Lorenzo, Lena ; J. Kleckner, McConnells ; 
Darius Winters, Robt. Wilson, Levi Richards, Bolton; C. W. Sebold, 
Fargo, D. T. 

The Business Meeting. 

The Association held a business meeting at Germania Hall this morn- 
ing, commencing at 10:30 o'clock. President Arno called the meeting 
to order and made a few remarks welcoming the old veterans to the city, 
and expressing a wish that all might have a pleasant time while in the 
city. 

Secretary F. C. Held read the minutes of the last reunion of the regi- 
ment, which was held in this city in October, 1887. The minutes as read 
were adopted. 

Treasurer James Musser made his report, which showed that the 
balance of $83.91 remained in the treasury after paying expenses of the 
last reunion. 

The question of holding the next reunion was then discussed. Com- 
rade Jones, of Buckeye, made a few remarks favoring Freeport as a suit- 
able place for holding the next meeting of the association. Morrison and 
other places were suggested, but Freeport seemed to be the universal 
choice of the members of the regiment, and upon the question coming to 
a vote, Freeport was selected. 

Capt. Krape moved that the next reunion be held in 1892, as it was 
quite probable that the Columbus centennial and G. A. R. national encamp- 
ment would be held at Chicago in 1892, and if the 46th Regimental re- 



300 HISTORY OF FORTY -SIXTH REGIMENT 

union be held at that time it would be convenient for the comrades to visit 
the reunion first and then the world's fair and national encampment. This 
motion was carried. 

Then occurred the election of officers. Capt. W. W. Krape, of this , 
city, Capt. Reitzel, of Rock City, and comrade James Musser, of Orange- 
ville, were put in nomination for President of the Association. The first 
ballot did not result in a choice. A second ballot resulted in the election 
of Mr. Musser. Capt. Krape then moved to make the election of Mr. 
Musser unanimous, which was carried. 

Then came the election of a secretary, and Comrade F. C. Held, of 
this city was re-elected without opposition. Capt. Reitzell was then elect- 
ed treasurer by acclamation. 

The following interesting letter was received from Gen. B. F. Dorn- 
blaser, who commanded this regiment during the war : 

Natchez, Miss., Aug. 17, 1889. 
Fred C. Held, Esq., 

Sec. 46th Ills. Reunion Ass'n. 

My Dear Sir Comrade : — The invitation to attend the reunion of the 
46th Ills. Infantry at Freeport on the 22nd inst, was duly received. I 
would greatly enjoy meeting with my old comrades of the regiment, but 
I shall be unable to do so by reason of my engagements here. After a 
lapse of 26 years I find myself again in Natchez, not in the pomp and 
circumstances of war, but engaged in the civil and peaceful pursuit of 
building a railroad over some of the very ground that our division 
marched 26 years ago. Will you kindly make this your apology to the 
comrades attending the reunion, and extend to them my kindest regards 
and very best wishes for their welfare and prosperity? I call to mind the 
fact that Col. Walter Q. Gresham of the 53rd Indiana Infantry, and of 
our old 2nd Brigade here received his commission as Brigadier General. 
I have not yet looked up the exact spot where the officers of the brigade 
and division celebrated this happy event; nor do I expect to find any 
relics to show how and to what extent the jollification was conducted. 
History, however, shows that the star then placed on the shoulder of 
Gen. Gresham was most worthily worn to the end. 

I remember the march about 12 miles northeast of Natchez as a diver- 
sion in favor of a cavalry raid in which march an army of sweet pota- 
toes and other eatables not down in the ration of the army regulations 
were captured and never paroled or exchanged. When we were starting 
from Natchez to go to Trinity River and Harrisonburg, La., as I was 
riding at the head of the regiment down the hill to the landing an old 
negro auntie, with wool as white as snow, laid her hand on my knee to 
attract attention and said, "Bress God massa, I wish I could tole you." 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 301 

Although she seemed to be on the very verge of the grave, her joy was 
everpowering that she in her day should see the bonds of slavery broken, 
and that "the day of jubilee had come" for her and her race. 

The hot, dusty march to Trinity, the bad water, the corduroy roads 
across the swamp, the lakes and bayous, and the alligators which the boys 
would shoot at notwithstanding the vigilance of the Provost Marshal 
and his guard comes again to mind. An Irish soldier, whose name I 
cannot now recall, made more frequent use of an expression, which was 
common only to him on this march than any other, "A fine day, looks like 
snow." 

The 46th regiment was left at Trinity River to guard the landing, 
while the balance of the brigade went to Harrisonburg to capture some 
store and arms, and because "idleness is said to be the mother of mis- 
chief," it was that Ike Little, of Co. H., with a string and a pin hook, 
fastened a large dead snake to Bill Dumphy's jacket tip, and when at 
safe distance called out, "Billy Dumphy, look behind you." Billy took 
only one look when "fear lent wings to his feet" and he fled through the 
brush to get away from the snake which he only did by falling headlong 
over a log which broke the string. Billy thought he was "kilt entirely" 
and Ike had to keep out ;'of rifle range for a week and finally when hd 
came back to the river at Vidalia a number of the boys that had played off 
in the march and rode in on the wagon train were captured and detained 
to do fatigue duty ferrying the river while their comrades marched to 
camp. I have not time to write all of my recollections. I can only hope 
that you may all have a most enjoyable time at the reunion and that the 
lives of our comrades may be spared to enjoy many more reunions. 

Yours in F. C. and L., 

B. DORNBLASER. 

Col. 46th 111. 



Secretary Held read the following letter from Comrade R. M. Lackey, 
M. D., formerly assistant surgeon of the old 46th : 

Oak Park, III., Aug. 20th, 1889. 
Sec. Reunion Com., 

46th Reg't Ills. Inft'y Vols, 
Dear Comrade: — I see from the papers that the 46th is to have a 
reunion on the 22nd inst. 

I served as assistant surgeon of the 46th from about April 1st to 
Oct. 20th, 1862. Many of the survivors of the original members of the 
Reg't., I persume, will remember me, and I take the liberty of writing to 
say how delighted I would be to be with you this week, were it possible. 



20 



302 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Of my more than four years of service in the army during the war 
and after, there is no period that I look back upon with morei tender 
memories than the time I spent with the 46th. I saw war many times in all 
its different phases — its tragedy and its comedy — its pathos and its ro- 
mance; but of these there are none that are more firmly fixed upon my 
mind than is the scene in the little room at Bolivar, Tenn., after Hatchie, 
where lay dying that brave ideal volunteer soldier. Col. John A. Davis, 
and in another corner of the same room the courageous, quiet, the well be- 
loved Lieut. Thompson. Sturdy, faithful, good natured Dr. Ben. Brad- 
shaw and myself divided our attentions as surgeons and nurses between 
these two heroic men, until the moment came, in that calm autumn night, 
to close their eyes in the patriotic soldier's eternal sleep. Even yet, after 
m.ore than a quarter of a century, the eyes grow dim with tears as this 
pathetic scene crowds upon our memories. 

I had more than ordinary interest in some of the boys of the 46th, not 
only because they were good boys and good soldiers, but because they 
had been my pupils years before the war, when I taught school in Steph- 
enson County, and knew their fathers and mothers, and speaking of the 
boy's mother reminds me to suggest to some of the speakers at your re- 
union, should you have speeches, to choose as the subject of their remarks 
"Our Mothers," and whoever responds to this, I pray that he may have 
the gift of mighty eloquence that he may do the subject full justice. For 
my part I would like to be able to raise a monument of imperishable 
granite on which I would inscribe in glowing characters, — "In memory of 
our heroic, patriotic mothers of the brave boys who saved the American 
Republic, and carried the starry banner to victory." 

To the old comrades of the 46th one and all I send thro' you a thou- 
sand, thousand benedictions. I hope to meet some of you at Milwaukee 
next week at headquarters, Phil Sheridan, Post 615 Dept. 111. 

Yours in F. C. and L. 

R. M. Lackey. 

This Afternoon. 

At 1 :30 o'clock the veterans met at Germania Hall and formed 
in line of parade. The procession was headed by a squad of police followed 
by the Henney Buggy Company Band of 23 pieces. Then came the speak- 
ers in carriages, followed by 129 veterans of the 46th. The procession was 
in charge of Capt. Phil. Arno, Capt. Wm. Young and Dr. Bradshaw. 
The procession moved up Galena Street to Walnut Street, north on 
Walnut to Stephenson, and then to Taylor's Park, where the following 
program was carried out : 

Music — Henney Buggy Co. Band. Invocation — Chaplain. Welcome — 
Hon. Charles Nieman, Mayor. Response — Surgeon B. H. Bradshaw. 
Music — Henney Buggy Co. Band. History of the 46th Regiment — ^His- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 303 

torian Thos. B. Jones. Address — Judge J. D. Crabtree, Dixon. Mlusic — 
Henney Buggy Co. Band. Song, "Marching Through. Georgia," — ^by 
Everybody. Music — Henney Buggy Co. Band. Form and march to head- 
quarters. 

A banquet will be held this evening at the Brewster House, where the 
following programme will be carried out: 

Master of Ceremonies, Capt. W. W. Krape. 
Toasts. 

Soldiers of the War, — ;We Meet Again, Boys, Capt. F. H. Marsh; 
Surgeon Since the War, Dr. B. F. Bradshaw; The Ladies, Capt. Harrison 
W. Bolender; Pensions, Capt. Walter G. Barnes; Com. Dept. of the 
Soldiers since the War, Com. Sergt. James Musser; The Dead Soldier, 
Lieut. T. B. Jones ; The Duty of the Living Soldier to his Comrade, Capt. 
Phil Arno; Grabtown, Dauphin Island and on to Fort Blakely, John A. 
Waddel. — To be followed by toasts by the boys. 

N. B. Any soldier not responding when called on will be immediately 
placed on extra duty by the Corp'l. of the Guard. 

Vocal music will be rendered during the exercises by the Occidental 
Male Quartette. 



A SUCCESSFUL REUNION. 



The reunion of the gallant 46th held in Freeport Thursday, proves a 
success in every respect. — Exercises at Taylor's park. — The Banquet at the 
Brewster House. 

The reunion of the 46th Illinois Volunteers, held in this city Thursday 
was pronounced by all a most decided success in every respect. Consider- 
ing the fact that the last reunion was held in this city two years ago, there 
were a large number of the old boys present and that they felt amply repaid 
for coming all will admit. A good share of the credit for the success 
of the reunion is due to the following committees : 

Committee on Arrangements — Capt. W. G. Barnes, Capt. Philip Arno, 
Capt. Wm. Young, Wm. Swanzey, Z. T. F. Runner, M. T. Steflfen and 
Fred C. Held. 

Executive Committee — Capt. W. G. Barnes, Capt. Wm. Stewart, Capt. 
James Musser, Orangeville, Capt. W. W. Krape, M. T. Steffen, Wm. Swan- 
zey, Z. T. F. Runner, with president and secretary added. 

The above gentlemen, assisted by other members of the regiment, did 
all in their power to make the reunion a success, and we are glad that their 
efforts accomplished that result. 



304 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

At Taylor's Park. 

The afternoon exercises were conducted at Taylor's Park. A tempo- 
rary stand had been erected in front of the main amphitheatre for the ac- 
commodation of the speakers and Henney band. The main amphitheatre 
was crowded to its utmost capacity, while many had to seek seats in the 
second amphitheatre. The meeting was called to order by President Arno, 
and after a selection by the Henney band, Chaplain J. W. Bucks made an 
earnest prayer in which he asked our Heavenly Father to watch over and 
protect the old veterans. 

Hon. Chas. Nieman, mayor of Freeport, then delivered a brief welcom- 
ing address. His speech was earnest and appropriate, and he paid a neat 
tribute to the soldiers who went to the war, and thought they were entitled 
to the best in the land. It was a pleasure and an honor for him to welcome 
them to the city of Freeport. 

Dr. B. F. Bradshaw, of Orangeville, was called upon to respond to the 
mayor's address of welcome. He said that the 46th was composed largely 
of Stephenson county boys. They went away from home with the best 
wishes and prayers of the loyal citizens of Stephenson county, and after 
more than four years of hard fighting, those who were left were most 
heartily welcomed when they returned from the fields of carnage to again 
take up the peaceful pursuits of life, and now, on this occasion, it had been 
manifested that the boys of the 46th still occupied a warm spot in the 
hearts of the people, and on behalf of his comrades he wished to return 
thanks for the hearty welcome they had received. 

Lieut. Thos. B. Jones, 
of Buckeye township, was then introduced to give a historical sketch of 
the regiment. Lieut. Jones stated that two years ago at the reunion of the 
regiment held in Freeport, he gave a lengthy history of the regiment, and 
he did not think it would be very interesting at this time, but he gave a 
brief synopsis of the 46th, and in closing he uttered the following eloquent 
and patriotic words : 

I will also devote a little time and speak of the patriotism of the 
young men during the years 1861 to 1865. Patriotism means love for 
country. When the flag of our country was fired upon by the disloyal ele- 
ment of the Nation, then it was that the young men true to the love for 
country, true to the stars and stripes, true to principles of right and justice 
left their homes and donned the uniform of the soldier. You remember 
with me as you raised your right hand, swore by the God of battle that 
j'ou would be true to your country, obey the laws, obey your officers, sup- 
port the constitution of the United States, and perform all the duties of 
an American soldier for the preservation of the Union. 

The struggle was long and bitter and many were the brave boys who 
came not back again. Their graves are to be found from the shores of 
the Atlantic clear across the continent to the Pacific. From the lakes, and 
hills and valleys of the North, reaching down into the sunny South, along 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEE R INFANTRY. 305 

the by-ways, on the mountain top, in the low swamps and everglades they 
rest, consecrating with their life blood this beautiful land of 3,600,000 
square miles to liberty. They could do no more. With their deeds of 
heroism and self-denial we may well ask what have their sacrifices ac- 
complished? 

1st. We have a restored Union, a land united, bound and cemented 
together by the strongest ties of love for country. I wish to impress this 
thought upon the young men here today to study well the history of this 
country and to study well the principles of patriotism. 

My comrades go back with me to the scenes of the war. A young boy 
leaves his home and enlists in the army. He goes forth to battle and is 
mortally wounded. He is taken by the comrades to the hospital, where 
he is cared for as best they can, but soon he passes away. He dies away 
from home ; no kind mother there to comfort her darling boy in his last 
dying moments. No sister or friend to sooth him and brush back the matted 
hair from his brow. He is buried without a relative to shed a sympathetic 
tear. At the head of the grave is placed a rough board with inscription cut 
on with a pocket knife or perhaps only marked with a lead pencil, his 
name, company and regiment. Ah ! Yes sleep patriotic dead. The monu- 
ments to your heroism is engraved, not on tablets of marble alone, but in 
the hearts of a grateful people. 

2nd. Slavery to the black man is forever wiped out, and as soon as 
this black race and the poor white people of the south secure the 
education necessary to break the bonds of ignorance and prejudice, and 
their minds are elevated by a higher plan of civilization and a spirit of 
patriotism leads them, then will liberty be universal. 

3rd. The prosperity of the Union in the past twenty years or since 
the war is beyond computation. The population then of some thirty 
millions has doubled or more and with the increase of population the 
wealth of our vast mines is being developed unearthing the vast treasure 
of silver and gold, digging down in the earth and bringing out the great 
treasures of precious metals of every description, and the many million 
tons of hard and soft coal to furnish fuel to the farmer, the merchant and 
to all professions, and to the vast manufacturing industries all over the 
land. 

4th. The development of our railroad system is unparalleled. The 
vast trunk lines cross the continent from east to west and from north 
to south with connections to every place of importance and many of no 
importance. The estimate is that we have in the United States 150,000 
miles of road, enough to encircle the globe six times. These lines some 
of them were built across the great western plains in advance of immigra- 
tion making it possible for the citizens of small means to secure a home 
of cheap land and to have a market for his products immediately; thus 
it was possible for this free west to be settled and enriched and beautified 
by the sturdy settler and ex-soldier. 

5th. Our agricultural resources as being developed are the source of 
great wealth. The vast area of farming land with its product of millions 
of bushels of cereals, and the countless number of cattle and swine and 
sheep, supplying the necessary food for the millions of people in nearly 
every market in the world. Fine mansions are taking the place of the 
log cabins. On the western plains the sod house is giving away to some- 
thing better. And free labor is looked upon as elevating and ennobling. 

6th. Education ; The great power and strength of a nation is in the 
intelligence of her people and well may we dwell upon this topic with no 



306 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIX TH REGIMENT 

false pride, with no fear of alarm in the judgment of the sovereigns of 
this nation. Colleges and seminaries and select schools all over our land. 
Our public school system is the best in the world. Also medical schools 
in all sections. Safely may we trust to the intelligence of the people. 
The press, another great means of educating the people and spreading 
intelligence to every section, to every race and nationality. This power 
directed by those veterans of national fame a Greeley, a Lovejoy, a Med- 
dill, a Nixon, a Lock and hundreds of others who gave patriotic ex- 
pressions during the dark days of the Rebellion, will be classed in our 
National history as philanthropists and benefactors of mankind. We may 
call them patriots for truly the influence which they exerted in moulding 
public opinion will be as a bright and shining star in the constellation of 
their country's greatness. 

Manufacturing industries in the last quarter century have no parallel 
in history. To enumerate them would take more time and space than T 
am able or willing to give in my talk to-day; but the inventive genius of 
this Yankee nation knows no limit and at the head of the inventors of 
to-day are men who served their country well and who received the in- 
spiration for this work while in the service battling for the union, or 
perhaps suffering in the prison pens of the enemy. 

Let us be hopeful and trust in God that His providence may lead us 
as a nation. That as the years advance and the present century closes 
we may possess as a people many more blessings. When the great west 
shall be filled up with a noble people numbering hundreds of millions; 
when the hamlets of the byways shall have become great cities and these 
railroad lines busy carrying traffic and people to and fro; when the pro- 
ductive industries, agriculture and all the finer arts and education shall 
march onward during the centuries yet to come; when peace shall reign 
supreme and our people be happy and contented ; when liberty that inven- 
tive genius of the human soul shall come and abide with us, always come 
with an inspiration welling up from the souls of the patriot stretching 
out across the continent away to the crowned heads of Europe, to the 
sovereigns of Asia and India unil it spans the whole world and its vibra- 
tions be felt for good in all nations and climes. I am not saying too 
much when I tell you that the result of all this prosperity to our nation 
is in the fact that patriots were found among the men of 1861 and 1865, 
noble, self-sacrificing, bearing the hardships of the march through the heat 
of a southern sun, the imprisonments and sufferings by starvation receiv- 
ing the enemy and fighting him on a hundred of battle fields, wounded by 
bayonet, ball and shell, dying for the flag he loved so well. 

My comrades, it was made possible for all these blessings because the 
evil in the land was suppressed and liberty, justice and truth were trium- 
phant. Patriotism has set aside this land of promise to be used for the 
glory of God. Patriotism looks up with faith to the spread of Christian intel- 
ligence, not only here in this beautiful land of our own, which gave so 
much to plant and water the tree of liberty, but in its unselfish spirit will 
send the joyful tidings to all nations. The rewards of patriotism are not 
always in proportion to the sacrifices. A nation with all its wealth cannot 
restore life to the fallen heroes. A nation cannot soothe the sorrows of 
the mourners all over the land. The maiden cannot receive back the dead 
lover nor the wife be reconciled for the lost husband. The father and 
mother in their declining years cannot be comforted with the presence of 
their boys. The living survivor with his wounds or health gone cannot 
receive comfort by mere thanks from the nation. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. r07 

When the rebels surrendered, the doors of the prison pens were un- 
locked and the poor starved skeletons of humanity were at liberty. So 
let the doors of our great treasury be opened by the senators and repre- 
sentatives, the president concurring therein, and relieve in a measure and 
reward patriotism with a liberal allowance to all who participated in put- 
ting down one of the greatest rebellions in the history of the world. But 
should the acts of a nation come too late for some of us and we are sum- 
moned to receive our discharge and to cross the silent river, we will never 
be disloyal but will love the dear old flag with a true spirit of patriotism 
as long as life shall last. 

The reward will surely come some time. If not in the shape of world- 
ly emoluments, we know that He who cares for the sparrow will care for 
us. 

Let us make sure of the reward which the God of Heaven bestows to 
his children, and may the spirit which aroused a nation to arms, which 
lifted up the standard of our country to the highest plain in our country's 
greatness, be transferred by that noble army of humanity to that other 
standard higher than the flag of our country, that banner under whose 
leader there is no defeat, where patriots to that banner receive the full 
reward in the great immortal. 

Judge Crabtree 
of Dixon, himself a gallant soldier, was introduced by President Arno. 
He delivered a very eloquent and patriotic speech from which we quote the 
following : 

"For himself he did not believe in long speeches at soldiers' reunions. 
He thought the boys would prefer to talk over old times, than sit and 
listen to lengthy addresses from outsiders. He then told a funny story 
to illustrate how he felt in his present position. He felt that the members of 
the 46th in attendance at the reunion were enjoying the occasion, as they had 
the pleasure of meeting old comrades, many of whom they had not seen 
since the war had closed. During the war the boys had formed attach- 
ments for one another and to meet on an occasion like this was indeed a 
pleasure for them. The army was the place for a man to gain a good im- 
pression of his comrades. If a soldier was brave and courageous and 
generous, the fact was soon found out and he at once gained the good will 
and esteem of his fellow soldiers, and on the other hand if a fellow was 
a coward and a sneak, the fact was soon known. To the brave and cour- 
ageous who fought side by side in the dark days of the rebellion a bond 
of undying friendship had been established. They had shared perils and 
privations together and their feeling of friendship is like that among 
brothers. The soldiers who were in the prime and vigor of their manhood 
in 1861 are now old men and all of them will soon be numbered with the 
dead, and it is little wonder that they enjoy their reunions and love to 
grasp their old comrades by the hand. They love to talk of the perils 
and hardships which they passed through and many incidents of the war 
are recalled which were almost forgotten. They rummage through the 
storehouse of memory, go over the old battlefields once more. They, for 
the time being, live in the past and seem to forget that twenty odd years 
have passed over their heads since they were comrades together. What 
swift, rushing memories come over us on a day like this when we grasp 
the hand of a comrade with whom we parted when mustered out of the 
service. 



308 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

The speaker then referred to the feelings of the soldiers on the night 
before the first battle, when none could say who would be called upon to 
oflfer up their lives as a sacrifice for liberty. But on the morrow, when 
the order came to fall in, when the roar of the musketry was heard on all 
sides, the feeling of dread of the night before was forgotten. The brave 
boys pressed forward. Eager to be in the thickest of the fight, thinking 
only of their honor and their country. No man who was not himself a 
soldier, has any conception of the heroism displayed on the battlefield. 
He spoke of a German officer whom he had known well. He was gallantly 
leading a charge when he was struck by a shell and frightfully wounded. 
The poor fellow was taken to a place of safety, but it was plain to be seen 
that he would not live to lead another charge. Propped up against a tree 
with blood streaming from many wounds, too feeble to talk, he grasped 
his hat in his shattered arm and feebly waved his comrades on to victory 
until the last spark of life had left his body and his patriotic heart had 
ceased to beat. But this was only one of thousands of brave soldiers 
who died on the battlefield with a smile upon his lips. What were their 
lives, compared to the life of their country? Such a spirit of loyalty, self- 
sacrifice, and devotion was never seen in any other country on the face of 
the earth. 

With the old veterans the war is still a memory, and those of you 
who did not participate in that grand struggle should pardon these old 
veterans for loving to linger over the old days and talk of their army 
life. While the war is a memory to us it will soon be a history as the 
last survivor of that memorable struggle will soon have gone the way of 
earth, and then our children and children's children will have a gleam from 
liistory and all will ever know of the patriotism and bravery of their fore- 
fathers. 

It will not be many years before the last survivor will have gone to 
his long rest, as the old veterans are dying off fast. Most of them con- 
tracted diseases in the army which will shorten their lives. Look at the 
long list of able generals who have already passed away, to say nothing 
of the thousands of privates. Where is Grant. Logan, Mead, McClellan, 
Hancock, and other generals who led us on to victory? None of them 
would be old men if alive today. But the war shortened their lives. No 
man could pass through that war without having his life shortened. The 
old soldiers are passing away more rapidly than any other class of people, 
and yet, sometimes we hear complaint because some of these old veterans re- 
ceive pensions. The speaker did not think that the veterans got too much. 
A great injustice is done the old soldier when he is compelled to prove that 
he was physically sound when he entered the war, before he could receive 
a pension, because he was broken down from disease contracted in the 
war. When a man enlisted he was examined by a government physician 
and that should be sufficient proof that he was an able bodied man when 
he went into the service. He also referred to the thousands of poor de- 
serving soldiers who could not get pensions on account of some techni- 
cality. These defects in our pension laws should be abandoned. The 
government is rich and can pay all her debts in gold, but money cannot 
pay her debt to the widows of soldiers who gave up their lives on the 
battlefield. Money cannot repay the soldier for the loss of his good right 
arm, or for the loss of a leg or perhaps both legs. Let us reflect for a 
moment what kind of a country we would now have had it not been for 
the work of those brave boys. Look at your prosperous country with 
peace and plenty on all sides, and then think of what it might have been 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 309 

had the south succeeded in its purpose. The veterans had a right to ex- 
pect help from the government when they were poor and in ill health. 

The speaker then briefly spoke of the causes that led to the rebellion and 
of the patriotism of the northern people when hostilities commenced, and 
complimented the 46th for the gallant part it took in the struggle. The 
records show that 334,616 were killed during the struggle, and these figures 
do not include the countless numbers of old veterans who have died since 
the war from wounds and diseases traceable to the war. It shows a self- 
sacrificing devotion to country that has never been seen before, and will 
never be seen except in a country like ours. Ours is now a great nation, 
and is recognized as such by all the nations of the world. We are at 
peace with all foreign powers ; our flag is honored and respected on all 
seas and in every civilized country on the globe, and if any evil should 
threaten the government, there is enough of patriotism and Christianity 
among our people to crush it out. The only safety for a republic is in 
the honesty and patriotism of its people. We should teach our children 
to be loyal as loyalty is the safe-guard of the nation. Reunions like this 
teach lessons of patriotism to the young. It was always a pleasure for 
the speaker to be with the veterans at their reunions. He would stay by 
the boys of the 46th until the last man had left the banquet at the Brewster 
House. 

At the conclusion of Major Crabtree's splendid speech, he was given 
three hearty cheers. 

Then there was more music by the band, after which General Atkins 
was called upon for a speech, and he responded briefly. Then the boys 
again formed in line and marched to the city. 



The Banquet. 

As early as 8 o'clock the veterans and their ladies began to arrive at 
the Brewster House, where the banquet was to be held. Some of the 
veterans told stories in the office, others entertained the ladies in the 
parlors, and the Henney Buggy Company band discoursed sweet music in 
the corridors. It was 9 o'clock before Mein Host Gates announced that 
the banquet hall was ready to receive the guests. Covers had been placed 
for 250 people, but even then about fifty had to wait for the second table. 
By the glance at the following Menu it will be seen that the Brewster had 
provided amply for the guests : 

Soups 
Selected Oysters Consumme a la Royal 

Oysters a la Tremont. 
Baked Red Snapper with Croquettes of Potatoes. 
Ham, Champagne Sauce. 
Roast Mallard Duck. 
Roast Ribs of Beef. 

Stuffed Turkey, Cranberry Sauce. 

Boiled Chicken, Sauce Champagne. 
Hard Tack, Sow Belly. 



310 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Boned Turkey, with Jelly. 
Spiced Beef Tongue. 

Croquettes of Chicken. 
Spiced Oysters. 

Chicken Mayonnaise. 
Fried Oysters. . 
Green Peas. Saratoga Chips. Sweet Corn. 

Lettuce. Radishes. Olives. 

Cocoanut Cake. Fruit Cake. Macaroons. 

Kisses. Charlotte Russe. 

Roman Punch Vanilla Ice Crearh. Brandy Jelly. 

Orange. Figs. Almonds. 

French Coffee. 

P.S. Any person asking for anything that does not appear upon this 
Menu will be quietly put into the guard house. 

After the guests had done ample justice to the good things set before 
them, Capt. W. W. Krape, Master of Ceremonies, called for order and an- 
nounced that they would have a few short speeches, but first they would 
listen to a song by the Occidental Quartette, composed of Messrs. Bokhof, 
Schaad, Kennedy and Haist, with Mrs. W. S. Benson accompanist. The 
quartette rendered "Welcome To-night" and then Capt. Krape introduced 
United States Marshal Fred Marsh, who ably responded to the toast "We 
Meet Again Boys." Capt. Marsh said it was the first reunion he had ever 
attended, and it did his heart good to greet his old comrades once more, 
many of whom he had not seen since they were mustered out of service. 
He had served with the boys of the 46th from the beginning to the close of 
the war and no one loved them better than he. He did not think they were 
better than other soldiers, but he knew they had performed their duty well. 
The 46th was not exactly a Sunday School regiment, but Capt. Stewart, and 
Capt. Arno and others were good Sunday School boys. He remembered 
the ovation the boys had received when they left Freeport for the front and 
the citizens of this town would always be glad to welcome the boys of the 
46th. He hoped the boys would continue to command the respect of all 
mankind. 

The Occidental Quartette then rendered "We Meet Again Boys," after 
which Dr. Bradshaw was introduced and he responded briefly to the toast, 
"Surgeons Since the War." He said that during the war the surgeons 
worked night and day for the soldiers, and since the war they were kept 
pretty busy making out certificates for the veterans. He paid a glowing 
tribute to the memory of the late Dr. McKimm, who was chief surgeon of 
the brigade. In closing he said that he knew of no class of men who were 
more in favor of pensioning the soldiers than the surgeons of the war. 

"Patriotism" was the toast which Judge Crabtree was called upon to 
respond to. He did not think it was necessary to talk to the boys of the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 311 

46th about patriotism. They had proven their patriotism on many a battle- 
field. Patriotism means love of country, and the soldiers had proven their 
love of country by offering their lives in its defense. 

Capt. Walter G. Barnes responded briefly to the toast "Pensions." He 
thought on that question all soldiers agreed, and the only difficulty was in 
securing the necessary proof. He thought that any soldier who is entitled 
at all to a pension had justly earned it. 

Herman Wagner responded to the toast "The Ladies." He paid a high 
tribute to the ladies who stood so nobly by their husbands and sons during 
the war. 

Com. Sergt. James Musser responded to the toast "The Commissary 
Department of the Soldiers Since the War." He said : 

There were no officers in the army that held more intimate relations 
with the soldiers than the Commissary Sergeant. He dealt out to you your 
rations of sow belly, hard tack, coffee and candies. He was never held 
responsible for the "Commissary stores" that you bought from the sutler, 
and carried in your canteens ; that kind of commissary often made you 
happy and jolly, and often got you into difficulties. 

When it was regularly used Doctor Bradshaw dealt it out to you in tin 
cups sweetened with quinine, and for demoralization that it caused the 
medical and not the commissary department must be held responsible. But 
since the war, ham and eggs, slapjacks and honey, strawberry ?I:ort cake 
and peaches and cream. 

You have a specimen of your Commissary stores "since the war" here 
upon these tables, that is you did have when you sat down, but they have 
gone down the red canal now. What a contrast, and none greater than in 
the presence of ladies. 

We took our "Commissary stores" without their cheering presence in 
the days of the War. Perhaps all of our comrades have not had all the 
Commissary stores they ought to have had since the war, but in this land 
of plenty it is hoped that none really suffer. 

The soldiers are entitled to the best and I agree with all said by our 
distinguished orator this afternoon about the duty of the government to 
see to it that the Commissary department of the old soldiers shall not be 
empty for the few remaining years that they will need them. If any men 
on the face of the earth have earned a right to eat it is the old soldiers, 
who sometimes with rations, and often without rations, put the rebellion 
beneath their feet, and kept the starry banner of the Republic flying in the 
wind. 

"The Dead Soldier" was feelingly responded to by Lieut. T. B. Jones. 

"Duty of the Living Soldier to his Comrade" Vv'as Capt. Arno's toast, 
and he stated that he was not prepared to make a speech, but he thought 
the duty of a soldier to his comrade was to encourage him in all the v/alks 



312 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

of life, and lend a helping hand to a comrade in distress. He thought that 
all honorably discharged soldiers should join a Grand Army post, as the 
old soldiers should be united and in union there is strength. 

John A. Waddell was called upon to respond to a toast as long as the 
moral law, and although John does not pretend to be an orator, he surprised 
his friends on this occasion, by making a very entertaining speech, made up 
of incidents occurring during the war. 

Capt. Pike, of Ghana, Gapt. Stewart. Dan Galfin and other veterans 
made brief speeches. Mr. Donmoyer, of Winslow, sang several songs, and 
then the old veterans bade each other good bye, and the successful reunion 
of the 46th came to a close. 

The following veterans registered on the roster after our report closed 
Thursday:— F. H. Marsh, Isaac Little, J. M. Murphy, Ghicago; L. W. 
Mogle, Kent ; W. S. Reynolds, DeKalb ; I. N. Mallory, S. Buchanan, Wm. 
D. Ford, D. M. Hart, Robt. McLees, Freeport ; J. T. Glingman, Gedarville ; 
P. G. Davis, Flandreau, Dakota ; A. W. Babb, Shannon ; Adam Smith, Free- 
mont, 111. ; G. H. Hormell, Oregon ; E. P. Hills, Pecatonica ; John Deisher, 
Lena; Albert Stecker, Rockford; D. A. Galpin, Lanark; G. A. Bellknap, 
Orangeville ; H. A. Eurnga, Wonsevu, Kansas ; D. H. French, Baileyville ; 
L. M. Rodgers, Galena. 



ADJUTANT WOODBURY HEARD FROM. 



Wihen the reunion of the 46th was held in Freeport a few weeks ago, 
members of the regiment kept constantly inquiring for Henry H. Wood- 
bury, the popular adjutant of the regiment. No one seemed to know where 
he was, and but few of the old boys had seen him since the war. Secre- 
tary Held wrote to him requesting his presence at the reunion, and is 
just in receipt of the following reply: 

F. G. Held, Sec.,&c. Woodstock, Vt., '89. 

Dear Comrade : — I am sorry I have to decline your kind invitation to 
be present at the next reunion of the dear old regiment. I fully expected 
to be able to meet with you this year, but circumstances compel me to re- 
main at home. I want to see you bad enough to walk the whole distance. 
It has been over 20 years since I have seen a member of that immortal 
band who marched, camped and fought together during the battle years 
of the Republic. What a glorious memory. Who would give up his ex- 
perience in the glorious old army of the Tennessee, for years of life in 
these dull days. We are all proud of our old regiment, proud of our old 
brigade and division, and proud of the Army of the Tennessee. I have al- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 313 

ways regretted that we were not retained in that army, where we properly 
belonged, and so missed the Atlanta campaign and the march to the sea. 
Many of us would have gone to rest on southern soil, no doubt, if we had 
remained in that army, but it was our home, and our regiment helped to 
make that army's reputation in the early years of the war. 

Give each and every one of the old boys my best wishes. I love them 
all, and I trust their paths along the crest of life may be made smooth, and 
that all may answer to their names at the roll call over the river. 

Yours in F. C. and L., 

H. H. Woodbury, Adjutant. 



REUNION OF 1895. 



COMRADES IN ARMS. 



(Copied in part from Freeport Journal, of Sept. 4th, 6th, 6th, 1895.) 

The survivors of the gallant old 46th Illinois Volunteers are as- 
sembling here to attend the biennial reunion. There are not as many of 
the old boys present as there were two years ago, for the simple reason 
that in the intervening two years a goodly number of the veterans of this 
famous regiment have joined their comrades in the other world. The 
46th was made up of young men, most of them enlisting before they had 
become of age, but now they are quite old men and very few of them are 
without gray hair. The 46th was made up of a jolly lot of fellows, three 
companies or more being from this county. They were noted for their 
bravery, and also for their fondness for mischief when not on duty, and 
the boys have any number of good stories to tell at each other's expense. 
The reunion will be held today and tomorrow, and many of the survivors 
have traveled hundreds of miles to be present on this occasion, and many 
more are expected before tomorrow. 

The reception committee was kept busy this morning receiving their 
comrades from out of town and at 2 :30 this afternoon the annual business 
meeting was held at Germania opera house. Captain Reitzell, the presi- 
dent of the association, presided, and Capt. W. G. Barnes officiated as 
secretary. 

Secretary Barnes then read the minutes of the last meeting and Capt. 
Arno, the treasurer, read his report, after which the following officers 
were elected: 



314 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

Capt. Wm. Stewart, president; B. F. St. John, Sterling, vice-presi- 
dent; Capt. Philip Arno, treasurer; Fred C. Held, secretary. 

Gen. Black Coming. 

Gen. John C. Black, of Chicago, who is to deliver the annual address 
at the reunion of the survivors of the 46th tomorrow afternoon, will 
arrive tomorrow morning and will be entertained at the residence of Hon. 
Wm. O. Wright. Gen. Black is a great favorite with the Stephenson 
county veterans, as he is with the veterans in all parts of the union. He 
is an eloquent orator and is in great demand at gatherings of old veterans. 
Gen. Black has a magnificent war record and was severely wounded in 
battle. 

Tomorrows Program. 

The program for tomorrow will be as follows : 

September 5th. 

9 a. m. — Social reunion at Germania Hall. 

1 :30 p. m. — Surviving members of the 46th regiment Illinois Volun- 
teers present, will assemble in front of Germania hall, and under com- 
mand of senior officer, headed by Henney Buggy company band, and 
accompanied by G. A. R. posts, other old soldiers. Sons of Veterans, Co. 
L, Sixth Regiment, Illinois National Guard, Boys' Brigade, other organ- 
izations and citizens, will march to Taylor's park where the following 
exercises will take place. 

Music — Henney Buggy Co. band. 

Invocation — Rev. J. D. McCaughtry. 

Welcome — W. N. Cronkrite. 

Response — Capt. W. W. Krape. 

Music — Henney Buggy Co. band. 

Reading, Brief History of 46th Regiment — Capt. W. G. Barnes, secy. 

Address — Gen. John C. Black. 

Music — Henney Buggy Co. band. 

War Songs — Members of the 46th Regt. 

Addresses — Old soldiers and others. 

Music — Henney Buggy Co. band. 

Form and march to headquarters at Germania hall. 

A banquet will be held the evening of the 5th, at the Brewster House, 
at 8 o'clock, at which responses to toasts will be made by Gen. John C. 
Black, Gen. J. H. Stibbs, Gen. S. D. Atkins, Major John D. Crabtree, and 
other prominent speakers, as well as members of the regiment. Gen. 
Stibbs will render some recitations at the banquet which is so highly pop- 
ular at all old soldier's gatherings. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 315 



GEN. BLACK TALKS. 



The second day of the reunion of the 46th shows a large increase in 
the attendance of the survivors, many more of the old boys having arrived 
here last night and this morning. At 1 :30 this afternoon the veterans 
paraded to Taylor's park, where the exercises of the afternoon were car- 
ried out. The parade was divided up as follows : 
Platoon of Police. 
Capt. Phil Arno, Marshal. 
Henney Band. 
Company L, I. N. G. 
Members of the 46th. 
John A. Davis Post. 
Wl J. McKim Post. 
Speakers in Carriages. 
At the Park. 
A large crowd of people followed the veterans to the park and listen- 
ed with great interest to the excellent program, which consisted of an 
address of welcome by Corporation Counsel W. N. Cronkrite, response 
by Capt. W. W. Krape, prayer by Rev. J. D. McCaughtry, an eloquent 
address by Gen. John C. Black, and short speeches by members of the 46th, 
also the following interesting sketch of the history of the 46th, by Capt. 
W. G. Barnes : 

Members of the 46th Regiment, Comrades, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The committee of arrangements in making up the order of exercises 
for this afternoon said the secretary would read a brief history of the regi- 
ment. Don't take up much time in this reading, was the quiet hint given 
me. 1 little knew at that time what I was expected to undertake. A 
brief history of the 46th regiment, Illinois veteran volunteers, from Sep- 
tember '61 to January '66, if put in the fewest words possible, would 
make considerable of a reading. It cannot be crowded into a few words, 
that which takes pages ; a regiment that gave service in that grand old 
army of the Tennessee under that great captain of all captains — Grant, 
served with SheTman, Logan, McPherson, Gresham, Hurlbut and so 
m.any others I can name, made history too fast to crowd into a few words. 
Taken from what I had at hand, I can give you a synopsis of some of 
the events of the gallant old 46th regiment, of whom all of us as members 
are so proud. 

In the summer of 1861 President Lincoln made a further call for 
troops. About that time Gen. S. D. Atkins, then captain of Company 
A, 11th Illinois, met Hon. John A. Davis at Freeport and urged on him 
the necessity of his entering the service, as he believed there was to be a 
mighty struggle before the end would be reached, assuring Mr. Davis if 
he did 1,000 Stephenson county boys would spring to arms and follow 
him. Mr. Davis, thoroughly patriotic as he was at all times, decided to 
render his full measure of support and undertook the raising of a reg- 



316 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

iment, in which enlistments were made as early as September, '61. 
The 46th regiment, Illinois volunteers, was thus begun and was organ- 
ized at Camp Butler about sixty days thereafter, and John A. Davis was 
commissioned by Gov. Yates as its colonel. In the early part of Feb- 
ruary, following, the 46th was dispatched to Cairo, thence up the Cumber- 
land river to a point below Fort Donelson, where the regiment was 
assigned to the division of that great man of letters. Gen. Lew Wallace, 
and immediately participated in that memorable attack causing the final 
surrender of Fort Donelson and the largest body of Confederate soldiers 
captured up to that time. After arduous duties at Dover, the regiment 
was ordered to Fort Henry. Every soldier here present that undertook 
it is not likely to forget the march we made, in the fearful condition the 
roads were then in. After lying at Fort Henry until March 6, the regi- 
ment embarked for Pittsburg Landing, and after twelve days, most of 
which time was spent on a steamboat, the regiment disembarked in a 
condition that can be better imagined than described. The 46th was 
assigned to the 2nd brigade. 4th division, with Col. J. C. Veatch, 25th 
Indiana, commanding the brigade, and Gen. S. A. Hurlbut commanding 
the division. Soon thereafter, on April 6th and 7th, was fought the 
great battle of Shiloh, one of, if not the most terrific battles ever fought. 
The 46th took a conspicuous and honorable part, losing over half of its 
officers and men in killed and wounded. In this action General Hurl- 
but's "fighting" 4th division achieved great reputation for bravery. Gen. 
Atkins, at that time chief of staff for Gen. Hurlbut, in the order of Gen. 
Hurlbut extending congratulations to the survivors of his division, con- 
cludes the order : "Let it be the chief pride of every man in the com- 
mand, as it is of your general, that he was at Shiloh with the 'fighting' 
4th division." 

Following the battle of Shiloh and during the month of May came 
the siege of Corinth, made tedious by the movements of Gen. Halleck. In 
early June the. 46th camped near Corinth; thence to Hatchie river. 
Grand Junction, Collarbone Hill, Lagrange and Old Lamar Church. July 
1st marched to Cold Wlater and on the 17th moved toward Memphis, pass- 
ing Moscow. LaFayette, Germantown, White's Station, camping south of 
Memphis, and in August engaged in a scout to Pigeon Roost. Septem- 
ber 6, left camp near Memphis via Bolivar to Hatchie river, and on the 
27th took part in a general review by Gen. McPherson. 

October 4, the regiment moved towards Corinth and on the 5th met 
the enemy at Metamora, or what is more generally known as the battle 
of the Hatchie, in which there was some heavy fighting, compelling the 
flight of the enemy. The 46th suffered a serious loss, among which was 
the generous, noble and brave Col. John A. Davis. November 3 the 
regiment marched to La Grange, and moved from there to Holly Springs, 
thence to camp near Waterford, Miss., where the boys got up splendid 
winter quarters, and which they completed just in time to move away from. 

In December the regiment went to Hurricane Creek, Yocona and 
Taylor Stations, and the latter part of December acted in connection with 
33rd Wisconsin as a train guard to the north side of Tallahatchie river. 

January 6, 1863, we moved to Holly Springs, acting in connection 
with other regiments as an escort to ammunition trains and rendering 
other service until Feruary 3, when the regiment moved to LaFayette and 
thence via Collierville and Germantown to Memphis. In April was en- 
gaged in an expedition to Hernando, returning April 24, and on May 13 
embarked for Vicksburg, where the regiment took an active part in that 



ILUNOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 317 

famous seige and capture of Vicksburg after the surrender was actively- 
engaged until the enemy evacuated Jackson. The division was now trans- 
ferred to the 17th corps, and in August moved to Natchez and in Septem- 
ber went on an expedition to Louisiana and on returning moved to Vicks- 
burg. 

November 28 the regiment went to Camp Cowen on Clear Lake. 

January 4, '64, the 46th was mustered as a veteran regiment and soon 
thereafter started north on veteran furlough. The ranks being greatly 
decimated, many new men were added, as well as an entire new company, 
which was given the letter D, what was left of the original D having been 
merged in other companies. 

On March 2 the regiment, whose ranks had been again filled when 
north, and numbering 987, officers and men, returned to Vicksburg, near 
which point the regiment rejoined the 2d brigade, 4th division, 17th corps. 
It being necessary to give the new men instruction in "hay foot, straw 
foot," the regiment remained in camp until April 25, when the 46th came 
into Vicksburg to do garrison duty until May 4tb, when it went on an 
expedition of 200 miles, engaging the enemy and meeting with severe 
loss. The regiment returned to Vicksburg, remaining in camp until July 
1st, when it started on an expedition to Jackson, Miss., encountering the 
enemy in a skirmish near that point. On returning on the 6th a large 
force of the enemy was met and an engagement took place which was 
continued on the 7th. The regiment reached Vicksburg on the 9th having 
sustained a loss of 43 men. On July 29 the regiment went by steamer 
Adams to Morganzia Bend, and August 13 the 46th was transferred to 
the first brigade, second division, nineteenth corps, Col. Dornblaser com- 
manding the brigade. In August the regiment marched to Port Hudson, 
then to Clinton and returned to Morganzia. In September went_ into 
camp at the mouth of White river, Arkansas. October 7th the regiment 
went to Duvall's BlufT, thence moved to Memphis, reaching there Decem- 
ber 1. and continuing on the 21st to Germantown, Moscow and to Wolf 
river, returning to Memphis December- 81. January 2, 1865, the regiment 
proceeded to Kennerville, La., and in February went by steamer to Dau- 
phin Island. Ala. While at Fort Gaines, Dauphin Island, the 46th was 
assigned to the thirteenth corps. March 18 the regiment with its corps 
marched toward Mobile. Was present at the capture of the Spanish 
Fort and Fort Blakely. This reminds me that in a poem recently pub- 
lished in the National Tribune, I noticed the lines, "The colors of the old 
46th, borne on despite the balls, were among the first that floated triumph- 
ant o'er the walls." The flag of the 46th was planted first on Blakely's 
walls by Thos. E. Joiner, of company "G." The regiment reached Mobile 
the 12th of April. One month later it moved by rail to Meridian, Miss., 
returning May 21st, and one week later departed for New Orleans, and 
from there to Alexandria, Natchitoches and Shreveport, and on June 19 
to Grand Ecore, La., where the regiment remained on garrison duty until 
November 29, when it moved to Shreveport. 

On December 27, the regiment was ordered to Baton Rouge, La., 
thence to Springfield, 111., for muster out, and final discharge. January 
20. the regiment was mustered out at Baton Rouge. La., and finally dis- 
charged at Springfield. HI., February 1, 1866, after a service of nearly 
four and a half years, having traveled upwards of 10.000 miles and having 
at dififerent times, owing to decimations in its ranks, upwards to 2,000 
men. From the capture and surrender of Fort Donelson in February, 
1862, to the capture and surrender of Fort Blakely in April, 1865, the 46th 



318 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

rendered its full measure of service to its country and taking the words 
from the address of Col. Domblaser delivered last Tuesday at an old 
soldier's meeting at his home), "We have the right to rejoice that our 
efforts were crowned with such abundant success." 



CLOSED WITH A BANQUET. 



The old boys of the 46th knew how to fight during the dark days of 
61-65, and they also knew how to forage for grub, and it is said of this 
regiment that while soldiers all around them frequently went without a 
square meal, the boys of the 46th never knew what it was to have the 
pangs of hunger knaw at their vitals. So in these piping days of peace the 
boys of the 46th are still pretty good hustlers for grub and always manage 
to get a square meal. 

Their sixth biennial reunion closed last night with a splendid ban- 
quet at the Brewster House, and again the boys of the 46th and their 
families and invited guests fed on the fat of the land. 

It was a grand reunion of the survivors of a grand old regiment 
which has a history to feel proud of, and it was the most successful 
reunion in the history of the organization. A large representation of the 
survivors of the regiment were present, some of them coming hundreds 
of miles to greet their comrades and talk over the trials, hardships and 
pleasures they shared during the days of the war, and there was not a 
veteran who was sorry that he made the trip, no matter how great the 
distance he had come. 

Exercises at the Park. 

A large crowd of people assembled at Taylor's park yesterday after- 
noon to hear the eloquent speeches made by General Black and others. 
An excellent program had been arranged and it was of interest to all. 
Capt. Reitzell, the retiring president of the association, presided in a 
dignified manner and introduced the speakers. 

The program opened with an excellent patriotic selection by the 
Henney Band, after which Rev. J. D. McCaughtry offered prayer. Capt. 
Reitzell then introduced 

W. N. Cronkrite, 

who as corporation counsel delivered the address of welcome to the vet- 
erans in the absence of Mayor Younger. Mr. Cronkrite is one of the 
most gifted orators in the city and always makes a good speech, but he 
never spoke so well or so eloquently as he did in extending to the sur- 
vivors of the 46th the freedom of the city. His words were in excellent 
taste and were pleasing to the veterans. He said that it afforded him 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 319 

great pleasure to extend a welcome to the veterans and that the city of 
Freeport always likes to entertain the boys who wore the blue, but she 
takes a special pride in extending her hospitality to the veterans of the 
46th, which was made up largely of Freeport and Stephenson County's 
gallant sons. Most loyally did they uphold the honor of this county in 
that awful struggle. During that period our people watched your move- 
ments with anxious hearts, and although thirty years or more have passed 
since the close of the war, that solicitude for your welfare has not abated. 

As you marched through our streets this afternoon you perhaps re- 
called the little city in which you signed the roll almost half a century 
ago, and to-day you find that city more than doubled in population, and 
signs of peace and prosperity are visible on all sides, and this is largely 
due to your valor and bravery on the field of battle, in preserving the 
Union and bringing peace and prosperity to the homes of our people. It 
is little wonder, then, that we take great pleasure in welcoming you to our 
city. In that struggle you builded more wisely than you knew, for you 
have dedicated to posterity a united country. As a tribute to your loy- 
alty and pure patriotism in the nation's darkest hour, I but voice the 
unanimous sentiment of the people of Freeport in bidding you a cordial 
welcome. The city raises its gates to you and the key is in your possess- 
ion, and our hearts go out to you in welcome. 

The chairman then introduced 

Capt. W. W. Krape, 

a member of the 46th, who responded to the address of welcome on be- 
half of his comrades. He paid a high tribute to the worth of the private 
soldief, and said that while he had been introduced as Capt. Krape, it 
was with pride that he enlisted as a private and came out with the same 
rank, and the title of captain had been conferred upon him by the governor 
for his services in the state militia. We always feel at home in Freeport, 
for her citizens are ever kind to the old veterans, and we feel at home in 
all parts of the United States or wherever that flag we all love so well 
waves. We accept the welcome so heartily given and appreciate it, and 
we hope to so conduct ourselves in the future as to continue to deserve 
the good opinion in which we are held by the people of Freeport and 
Stephenson county. 

An Eloquent Address. 

Capt. Reitzell then in a few well chosen words introduced Gen. John 
C. Black, of Chicago, who was greeted with great applause. The general 
was in good voice and spirits and delivered an address which greatly 
pleased the old soldiers and in fact all within the sound of his voice. It 



320 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

was an eloquent speech and one that will add to Gen. Black's fame as an 
orator. A synopsis of his masterly effort is given below : 

Like those who have preceded me, I am somewhat at a loss how to 
begin my address to those assembled. It would be infinitely pleasanter 
to sit still as I have been doing, listening to the words of the young orator 
who has given us such a royal welcome; and now to the strains of music 
which recall those other and greater days, pleasanter to sit still on this 
sunny September afternoon, when every voice but that of peace and com- 
fort is hushed, and when thei golden weaUh of this delightful Union 
seems poured around us. Pleasant to dream of the past and live in the 
fair realizations of the future. But in the presence of men who have bid 
me speak for them, and to the younger generation that stand and sit 
around me here in this leafy grove, and who want to know, and who have 
the right to know why these veteran soldiers, whose bared and gray heads 
are grouped around this platform, thirty-five years ago torn from 
all that makes the world dear to men, putting all hopes aside, that they 
might offer themselves to their country. Why this constantly diminishing 
assembly of former soldiers of the Republic, who in the flush of young 
manhood went forth to battle for liberty, I may say without misrepresent- 
ing one of the thousands of them, that they were not stirred by a feeling 
of rebellion; they were not actuated by any motive of avarice; 
they assumed arms for their country in order that the country might live, 
and for the men of that time I speak and truthfully testify that patriotism 
as high and noble as ever animated the human breast or guided human 
actions was the mainspring of the army of the Republic ; none of them 
too human to allow one life to pass unpunished. They went to war not 
at their own uttering, but my coimtrymen, it was a war inevitable as the 
conflict between any contending forces of the universe. It was a war 
which had been in preparation through all the course of history, through 
6,000 years of recorded time. It was a war between two great systems 
of civilization which until that time had never met face to face in any 
great army. The Roman when he was a citizen of that ancient republic 
had been a universal task master. The Greek, while Greece was new, 
had a heliot chained to every door post, and this was only a few years 
preceding, a few years of our outbreak. It was a wronged humanity 
that had borne this curse of slavery in the bosom of all its laws. Men 
had been at war with it and states had upheld it. At last in the closing 
years of the last century the formula of the declaration of independence 
had been made. You can't replace in the course of this world, one system 
for another without a conflict. Hence I say that religion and patriotism 
are not beginning to decline. Before the conflict of '65 was inaugurated 
intervened a conflict of humanity. In all the states the war that followed 
the firing of Fort Sumpter was the greatest war that history has recorded. 
I know very well that tradition has filled the rank of tradition with 500,- 
000 of men. But this to the sober historian has begun to read as a mere 
fable. The war of '65 was the greatest in the history of the world, and 
the greatest which the world to this time has ever seen. It was a war as 
great on sea as on land. 

At the beginning of the war there was no preparation for the fight ; a 
few patched hulks were all that they had at this time; at the close of the 
contest 800 battle ships had been brought into action to protect the union, 
adorned by the flag of our union, that flag which has since commanded 
the respect of all the nations of the world. Then there was established 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 321 

a naval warfare which marked the greatest of all previous engagements. 
When the Cumberland had gone to her moorings, fast to the bottom of the 
Chespeake, the flag floated at the fore, her supports bared. The next 
morning as the Merrimac came from the mouth of the James to complete 
her destruction, where they had seen her when the sun went down, thence 
there appeared a little floating speck with its lifted plume of smoke and 
steam, sailed in. Who can forget the contest of that day? The names of 
Worden and the Monitor live as long as men remember heroism. At the 
close of the hostilities the spirits of Jones, Decatur and Howe were found 
to be still the boasts of the American navy. On land similar exhibitions 
occurred of the marvelous power of the great free people. While, gentle- 
men, this old man had helped to chase Blackhawk over the Mississippi, 
Stephenson county had never seen a squad of armed men. The whole of 
this great empire of ours lay at peace. The few soldiers we had were 
some stationed at Mackinaw, some at Fort Warren and at Boston Harbor. 
From '45 to '61 we had a series of foreign wars that had occupied the 
attention of a few of our people, but we had devoted ourselves to growth 
and peace. Patriotism was the road of communication, except a few 
minimum railroads which bound these commodities side by side, and the 
men of Illinois, the men of Virginia, the men of Indiana and the men of 
Georgia were as strange to each other as you are to the men of the farthest 
parts of Mexico. What good did we accomplish? What good 
did \'je do? We did not even know our brothers. Men turned 
from all the vocations of life to become soldiers. Not in the 
address of the day but in the address of the fullness of time. 
You and I know that it took a long time for the best of us to know which 
was the left foot and which was the right foot and which to put out first. 
(Applause) You and I know that it took a long time for the best of us to 
know whether we should march on Sunday and whether we should go to 
sleep when we pleased. One million of men were in arms and during the 
course of the four years there were two and a quarter millions of the sons 
of the Republic answered the call. I would like to stop and talk to you 
in a quiet way about the men who have been the noblest figures in this 
particular neighborhood, "the mold of fashion and a glass of foreign," 
who had been the figure of the neighborhood, and think what happened to 
him when he fell into the hands of the regimental tailor. His pantaloons 
were a size too large and his coat was a size too small, and he was loaded 
down with knapsack and bundles while we wondered whether he was a 
man or a mule; and some still think he is a mule. (Applause.) 

3,000 battles were fought on land and sea. There were perhaps from 
50 to 60 engagements, during this great contest between the north and south, 
and some of them were the greatest ever recorded by historians. In 
every great procession there will come a crisis, and such a crisis and su- 
preme moment came in the war of '61 and '65 ; that was in July, '63. 
There are a great many who were not living at that time. The young 
gentleman who welcomed you here, I expect, was not living at that time ; 
if so he was too tender to remember it. That great eventful morning of 
the third of July found the country uncertain as to whether there would 
be an American republic. Oh, do not mistake or over-value the import- 
ance of that time. The powers of Europe were awaiting the results of 
this battle, to determine whether they should acknowledge the southern 
states as belligerents. On the morning of the third of July the cabinet of 
every king and queen of Europe was awaiting with anxious suspense the 
events of the week. When the sun went down on the fourth of July, 



322 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

the world knew that the flag that floated over the field of Gettysburg, 
floated over the "land of the free and the home of the brave." And at 
that same hour a listening world heard thundering through the valley of 
the Mississippi the echoing from the wasted places of desolation. We 
need not worry any longer about meeting the same opposition that was 
extended to us those days. Every man that stood face to face with us 
then has long ago preceived the error of their folly. No man who 
stood with the flag at the front, that flag which has inspired the hearts 
of the Americans in the gloomy days of Bunker Hill and Yorktown, which 
had been upheld before them at the siege of Sherubusco, no man can 
find it in his heart on the 4th day of July to humiliate the flag. And I 
believe, gentlemen, that the regular armies of that time ceased their 
struggles with each other. You men from that time knew that the cause 
of the Union army, however troubled, however hesitating, however op- 
pressed, was a victory of which we were absolutely assured. There was no 
man who knew hostility but that he thought the Union must be and 
should be preserved. They have buried their wrongs and our children 
look upon us as reconciled. You and I know that we shall never revive 
the feeling of thirty years ago. What did we fight for? Liberty. What 
did we fight for? Peace. It has come to every mother, to every widow, 
every father, every child in this broad land of liberty. What foolish and 
unfortunate men we would be to revive that feeling and sever those re- 
lations ! As I listened today to the mingled strains of music of the north 
and south, to the tunes of "Auld Lang Syne," "Maryland, My Maryland," 
"Star Spangled Banner," and "We are Coming Father Abraham," all 
blown from the same lips, and making sweetest music, it made me think 
of the war and of the men of our union who sang those same 
songs. When we left our homes all over this land we sang "The Star 
Spangled Banner," and when we got a little further away it was "The 
Girl I Left Behind Me." (Laughter.) And they thought just as much 
of the girl as ever when they got on to the bloody battle field, and when 
they got home fromi the war "there was a union of hearts, a union of 
hands, a union that time cannot sever; a union of hopes, a union of joys 
and American Union forever." (Applause). And so from the beginning 
there has never been a great event in the history of our country that has 
not been marked with some appropriate song. And who was there, 
except an American woman, wife and mother that could have given utter- 
ance to such a soul inspiring song as that which marked the establishment 
of peace, "Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory of the Coming of the Lord." 

This is a republican continent. Republics in North and South America 
and the islands around, Republics to the very core, excepting the country 
north of us, I mepn the Dominion of Canada, and that is trying 
to decide for itself whether it shall be a Republic or not. 

We are an educated, free people, that have one of the greatest powers 
of the world ; and do you believe that under any circumstances the 
American people will give up their independence? Is there a mother here 
who has raised a boy that is willing that he should give up the rights of 
an American freeman? I have known old soldiers to grumble and say, 
"What is the use for us to fight, what is the use for us to conquer, if the 
anarchists, the Republicans, Democrats and Catholics are all trjnng to 
rule the republic." I beg to remind you of what our American poet says 
in speaking of our flag. "Lift up 3'our eyes desponding freemen, the glad 
day so long foretold has come." Yes, I believe today the republic is one 
hundred fold stronger than it was at the beginning of the war. I believe 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 323 

I could occupy a great part of my time in telling about the natural results 
that spread all over the land, but I am not going to take time, fellow cit- 
izens, to explain every result of this great war. It would take too long. 
Today all civilization notices our flag. You cannot wave it over the waves 
of the sea but what it is instantly regarded with respect. Yes, it is honor- 
ed and respected. Even in Asiatic islands there will be some savage found 
to say "Is that the American flag?" Today it is the loveliest and floats 
the highest in our eyes, over the flags of all other nations. 

We need not Qicpect to look for many more contests, that flag is to 
float undisturbed for a long time to come, gentlemen. The day is almost 
past for great physical contests. Now when I tell you that all our match- 
lock guns and buck cartridges would be unable to cope with one of the 
modern guns; when I tell you that they have new rapid firing guns that 
in a single discharge would strike every tree in this grove, move so rapidly 
that in a single miinute they would strike every tree here., I know that 
none of you want to enlist and to go to the war. (Applause) We will leave 
that to the other fellow and that means what? That we are just finding 
out that men will cultivate the fields at home and wont go to war. That 
in this modern warfare all the other fellow has to do is to hide behind a 
sandbank and turn a crank which lets loose a thousand bullets. No, I 
don't think we want to go to war. In my way of thinking it is ridiculous 
to think of any future war of men. I look for a time not far distant when 
men will not go to war at all. New machines will take their place. You 
men are the last of the grand old fighters of the last century in which the 
annals of the world will record. And what a world it will be when all 
the members of the army are turned loose. Don't you all know that you 
had rather stay at home with wife and mother than to go to war against 
our neighbors? 

I thank you my fellow citizens for the attention which you have 
given me, and I thank the 46th regiment for their kindness in allowing 
me to address them, and, let me in parting make a single statement, that 
so long as the American people are united, so long will liberty, law and 
love thrive, and the Republic will endure free and independent. 

Rev. Fr. Horan 

was an interested spectator at the exercises and was called upon for a 
speech, and responded briefly, stating that he felt it an honor to be invited 
to address the old veterans, whom he held in high esteem, as all true 
Americans should esteem the preservers of the union. Their deeds of 
valor would live forever in the hearts of the loyal people of this country. 
He referred to a recent trip to the battlefield of Gettysburg on which some 
of his near relatives had fought on the side of the union, and closed with 
an eloquent tribute to the old soldiers. 

Elder Wm. Caton, 

who wears a Grand Army button, and who enlisted in a Pennsylvania 
regiment when a boy, was called upon and made a brief speech. His 
father was killed at Fredricksburg and he took that father's place in the 
ranks, and he was proud to say that he took at least a small part in put- 



324 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

ting down the rebellion. He referred to the heroism of the soldiers on 
the field of battle, and closed with the hope that they were through with 
war forever. 

Letters of regret from H. L. Wagner, of Davenport, Iowa, and other 
members of the regiment were read, and also resolutions on the death of 
Adjutant Woodbury, which were adopted on motion of Capt. Barnes, after 
which the meeting adjourned. 

The Banquet. 

At 8 o'clock the members of the regiment and their families and in- 
vited guests assembled at the Brewster house, where a sumptuous banquet 
was prepared for them. The banquet hall was prettily decorated with 
flags and bunting, and the long tables were loaded with a feast of good 
things. The banquet hall was not large enough to accommodate all and 
tables were spread in the main parlor where many were accommodated. 
The banquet was a well prepared feast and was greatly enjoyed by all. 

After the guests had partaken freely of the good things set before 
tkem it was decided to have the speaking in the Knights of the Globe hall 
so that all might be comfortably seated. 

Dr. W. W. Krape acted as toastmaster and introduced the speakers. 
The program was opened with prayer by Rev. Wm. Caton, after which the 
audience sang "America," and then toastmaster Krape introduced Gen. 
Black, taking occasion to pay a deserved tribute to the service that gentle- 
man had rendered his country and also spoke of the high esteem in which 
he is held by the people of this county. Gen. Black responded to the 
sentiment, "Illinois." He first referred to the handsome treatment he had 
always received at the hands of the people of Freeport and Stephenson 
county, and felt that he was a citizen by adoption. Stephenson county 
doors were always open to him and he was always sure of a glad and 
generous welcome. He said that he had not heard as much of the 46th 
as he had of other regiments, for the 46th boys wore modest faces and 
you had to glean their record from history. But he knew of their deeds 
.of daring and bravery at Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg and other battle- 
fields. The speaker then referred at some length to the part Illinois had 
taken in the war and spoke eloquently of the deeds of valor of Illinois' 
'brave sons. 

At the conclusion of Gen. Black's speech, there were loud calls for 
Gen. J. H. Stibbs, of Chicago, who has no equal as an elocutionist. He 
has a style peculiarly his own and it takes with the people. It is getting 
to be quite the fad to have Stibbs recite at gatherings of old soldiers, and no 
■reunion is considered quite complete without a few selections from this 
jolly and deservedly popular gentleman. He is the best natured man on 
£arth and would be willing to speak pieces all night if he saw that his 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 325 

audience enjoyed them. After referring to his first acquaintance with the 
46th in the war he recited one of his most captivating poems, entitled! 
'The Man with the Musket," which was followed with two of James 
Whitcomb Riley's best poems, "Old John Henry," and "Good by, Jim, 
Take Carej of Yourself." Stibbs can recite Riley's poems better than 
Riley can himself, and the people never tire of hearing him. 

After Gen. Stibbs had rendered several selections, Toastmaster Krape 
introduced Gen. Atkins, who took occasion to compliment the boys of the 
46th on their splendid war record. He knew something of their gallantry 
at Donelson, Shiloh and other places, also spoke feelingly of their brave 
colonel, John A. Davis, who was killed while leading his regiment in 
battle. 

Judge Crabtree, who is beloved by all the old soldiers, and who enjoys 
gatherings of old army comrades better than hq does anything else on 
earth, was next introduced and spoke eloquently of the heroism, self- 
denial and devotion of the women of the north during the days of the 
war. He said that four years ago the 46th had elected him an honorary 
member and it was an honor which he greatly appreciated, for it was in- 
deed an honor to be even an honorary member of such a gallant regiment 
as the 46th. 

Gen. Stibbs was again called for and he rendered the German ver- 
sion of Barbara Fritchie and the Irish version of the story of David and 
Goliah and a lot more interesting selections, which kept the audience in 
good humor throughout the evening. 

Peter Wurtz, of Rock Run township, was called upon for a song and 
rendered "Old Shady," as he used to sing it around the camp fire during 
the war, after which Judge Crabtree and General Black were prevailed 
upon to sing "Illinois," which they rendered in good style. 

On motion of Dr. Krape, General Black was elected an honorary 
member of the 46th by a rising and unanimous vote of the members of 
that regiment, and the general returned his thanks for the honor confer- 
red. 

The reunion then closed with the singing of "America" by the 
audience. 



326 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

REUNION OF COMPANY F 46th ILL. INFANTRY. 
JULY 28, 1900. 



This Reunion was held in the village of Ingraham, Clay county, Ills., 
in connection with the Union Veteran Association and was attended by 
members of the 48th, 63d 111., and other organizations living in the vicinity. 

Members of Company F present: F. M. Lollar, John C. Carter, Eli 
Crouse, Calvin Crouse, A. J. Shores, Milton Wakefield, Samuel McGune, 
Johnson W. Brant, Joshua B. Craig, Thomas Carter, Hugh L. Foreman, 
P. H. Mavin, W. P. Pruett, John C. Stanley, A. J. Shore. General Benj. 
Dornblaser was present and rendered the following fine address to the 
old soldiers : — 

Comrades. — The coming together of the survivors of a military organi- 
zation formed in 1861, and honorably mustered out in 1866, is a very in- 
teresting event. Ordinarily the meeting of friends and acquaintances, after 
a long separation, brings pleasure; but on this occasion the chief cause for 
joyous congratulations are that you contributed a part of the great Union 
Army which saved the Nation, and that you have lived to see and enjoy 
the glorious results of your gallant and loyal service. Your camp fires can 
be kept bright and your social gatherings aflow with reminiscences of army 
life and the relation of experience incident thereto ; but your many friends 
— and their number seems to be legion — who have assembled here to give 
you welcome, may want something more substantial than camp fire talk. 
The question which naturally presents itself to the mind of the younger 
class at least, is, v/hat was the occasion which called Company F, 46th Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry into service, as well as the survivors of other or- 
ganizations present here today? Why was it that immense armies were 
organized in separate sections of our own country, and set in battle array 
against each other in deadly conflict, a conflict which could no longer be 
repressed ? 

Human slavery existed in half the States of our Union January 1st, 
1861. The slave States had threatened disunion for many years, but the 
overt act of treason was not committed until February, 1861. Fort Sumpter 
in Charleston Harbor was fired upon, and at noon on the 13th day of that 
month, for the first time since the organization of our govenrnment, our 
national ensign was struck to traitors. 

The event found the government and the loyal States unprepared for 
war. Although secession ordinances had before been passed by southern 
states; although public property had been seized in violation of law, and 
strange colors displayed over our southern forts; although food and re- 
inforcements for a beleaguered garrison had been driven back to sea in 
January — yet our people could not easily realize that we were indeed in a 
state of civil war. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 327 



FIRST CALL. 



On the evening of April 15, 1861, the following dispatch was received : 
Washington, April 15th, 1861. 
His Excellency Richard Yates. 

Call made on you by tonight's mail for six regiments of 
militia for immediate service. 

Simon Cameron, Sec'y of War. 



The President on the same day issued his proclamation and after 
stating that the laws of the United States "were opposed," and the exe- 
cution thereof "obstructed," called forth the militia of the several loyal 
States to the aggregate number of 75,000. Illinois' quota under said call 
was 225 officers and 4458 men, a total of 4683. A few unserviceable arms 
and accoutrements were scattered through the state. There were no 
available efficient militia companies in the State and it was doubted whether 
there were thirty companies with any regular organization. 

It is true there were in our principal cities and towns several inde- 
pendent militia companies, composed principally of active and enterprising 
young men, whose occasional meetings for drill were held more for exer- 
cise and amusement than from any sence of duty to the State. Many of 
these companies formed the nucleus of splendid companies which came 
promptly forward and rendered excellent service to their State and Coun- 
try. Fortunate, indeed, was it for the State and Nation that so true and 
loyal a man as Richard Yates was governor. He responded with such 
zeal and promptness to this and all other calls which followed, that he 
merited and won the honored title "War Gkivernor," bestowed upon him by 
a grateful people. In response to this call a prompt answer was received 
from every part of the State. In ten days over ten thousand had tendered 
their services and in addition to a part of the force sent to Cairo, more 
than the full quota was in camp at Springfield. 

There were volunteers enough and a surplus on that eventful 19th 
day of April 1861, but the want of arms had become painful and alarming. 
It was on that day that Union soldiers from a sister State hastened to the 
defense of the national Capital. Here, in that din in the streets of Baltimore 
and on that day and following days. Gov. Yates' messenger, returning from 
the Capital and learning the canceled orders from the President, to the com- 
manding officers at St. Louis for arms, was obliged to deny the principles of 
his manhood and aver disloj^al sentiments, in order to escape the vengeance 
of an infuriated mob at that city. The State governments of Missouri, Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee v.'ere controlled by disloyal men, who insultingly re- 



328 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

fused to comply with the order of the President to furnish troops for the 
defense of the Union. On the contrary, they used all their power and in- 
fluence to incite rebellion, to furnish men, munitions and supplies for the 
enemy and, when driven from the State, entered the ranks of the con- 
federate army. 

Even in this great State of Illinois the elements of treason appeared 
and by systematic organization gave aid and comfort to the enemy. In fact 
treason was rampant in all of the southern States, in the large cities 
and even at the Capitol of the Nation the lawful authority of the govern- 
ment was defied. 

To make the situation still more serious and discouraging, the Union 
armies under the first call, crudely organized, undisciplined, indifferently 
armed and commanded by officers with no military prestige or experience 
by which troops are inspired, suffered defeat in every important battle. 

On the 21st of July, 1861, the memorable battle of Bull Run was fought 
and lost, and on the next day Congress authorized the President to call 
into service 500,000 troops. On the 23rd the following correspondence took 
place: "Hon. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, Sir — Being advised 
that you are receiving tenders of additional troops, I desire to tender you 
for Illinois, thirteen additional regim,ents of Infantry. Most of them now 
ready to rendezvous. Three additional regiments of cavalry and one ad- 
ditional battalion of artillery. Illinois demands the right to do her full 
share in the work of preserving our glorious Union from assault of high 
handed rebellion, and I insist that you respond favorably to the tender I 
have made." (signed) Richard Yates. 

Reply of War Department, July 25th, 1861. "Governor — I have tele- 
graphed today accepting your patriotic offer, etc., advising you, that if you 
so desire, you can provide for and equip them, if you can do so with advan- 
tage, as respects economy and dispatch. I appreciate the patriotic spirit 
of your people as evidenced in your noble offer and doubt not that they 
will prove equal to any demand that may be made in behalf of the pre- 
servation of our glorious Union, (signed) Simon Cameron, Sec'y- of 
War." 

Under the authority and in response to this call, at this, the darkest 
hour of our national existence, company F was organized and became a part 
of the 46th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The 13 regiments tendered were 
the 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th, 31st, 32d, 38th, 43d, 46th, 48th, 49th and 50th 
infantry and the 3d, 6th, and 7th cavalry. All of which made imperish- 
able history for themselves and the state they represented. From this 
time to the close of term of service companies lost their individuality and 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 329 

their history was that of the regiment to which they were assigned. Com- 
rades : You will call to mind the home leaving, your new experiences 
at the camp o,f instruction, the rivalry to obtain recruits to fill your ranks, 
the drill, the muster in and the long expected order to go to the front, 
with its uncertain fate. The hardships, privations and suffering endured 
on the march, the bivouac and the camp, will again come before your men- 
tal vision ; and the battles emblazoned in your banners will kindle anew the 
latent spark of patriotic fire in your hearts. Belmont, Ft. Henry, Shiloh, 
Donelson, Inka, Hatchie. Corinth, Vicksburg, Jackson, Mobile, Chica- 
maugua, Stone River, Lookout Mountain, Nashville, Atlanta, Atlanta to 
the Sea, Goldsboro, Appomattox — Victory and the Grand Review in Wash- 
ington. The list is bewildering and volumes of history can only enumer- 
ate them. The strange colors that were so defiantly displayed over our 
Southern forts at the outset of the war of the Rebellion were lowered and 
forever furled, and thegrand emblem of liberty, the glorious Stars and Stripes 
unfurled to the breeze, never again to be pointed by traitor hands. A re- 
bellious people were conquered. Their armies paroled and disbanded. 
Slavery abolished. The captured forts and property reclaimed. The laws 
enforced without further "opposition or obstruction." An object lesson 
was given to the world which will never be forgotten. All saw with 
wonder and amazement the transformation of what they decisively termed, 
— mob — -of uncouth, undisciplined, indifferently armed recruits and con- 
scripts, commanded by officers equally unsophisticated, into an army of 
veterans, the most efficient and powerful, the world has ever seen. No 
serf nor slave was in its ranks to fight for some Prince or Potentate, but 
all were sovereign citizens of their country, endowed with the right to make 
its laws and direct their enforcement through representatives of their own 
choice. My comrades. You came forth out of the gloom which hung like 
a pall over our land, at the call of our Commander-in-Chief, President 
Lincoln. You did your whole duty and for four long and eventful years 
stood shoulder to shoulder in the ranks, messed at the same table, "drank 
out of the same canteen," answered the daily roll calls, "present or account- 
ed for." This close and constant association under the numberless vicis- 
situdes of army life, made you familiar with every phase of human char- 
acter. You knew each other's virtues and vices, and developed individ- 
ual capabilities and traits of which you were ignorant until severe trial 
brought them out. On the basis of this knowledge thus obtained our 
friendships were formed and now, after the lapse of 34 years, since we sep- 
arated at Springfield, we meet again in re-union ; to offer affectionate tri- 
bute to the memory of our deceased comrades, to extend to each other the 
kindly greetings of comradeship, and above and beyond all else to impress 
upon the minds of those who are taking our places as we drop from the 
ranks, sentiments of loyalty to God, Country and Flag. 



330 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 



REUNION OF 1906. 



CITY DOES HONOR TO THE BRAVE OLD BOYS OF THE 
FORTY-SIXTH. 



(From "Freeport Evening Standard," Oct. 6, 1906.) 

Early this morning the boys of the Forty-sixth again took possess- 
ion of the city of Freeport and entered upon their second and last day of 
jollification for this reunion, at least. The parade, and a mighty one it 
was, formed a little after nine o'clock and marched through the streets. 
At the head was a real army drum corps, consisting of the following mem- 
bers, all Rockfordites : P. H. Talbot, drum major; Fred Batchelor, drum- 
mer; Victor Wheeler, base drummer; A. S. Clifford, fifer, and Asher Mil- 
ler, fifer. 

Immediately after the drum corps came the surviving members of the 
Forty-sixth present, over a hundred strong, and the members of John A. 
Davis, post, G. A. R., who had been invited to join the parade, brought up 
the rear. A royal reception was given the boys in blue as they marched 
through the Freeport streets this morning, and cheers, hurrahs and ap- 
plause rent the air. Plainly did the citizens show their honor and love for 
the men who saved our great nation from the black curse of slavery. 

The march was down Stephenson street from the G. A. R. hall to 
Adams and across on Adams to Galena, up which street the boys went to 
Walnut, where they again returned to Stephenson. The veterans imme- 
diately went up to the Y. M. C. A. auditorium, where the exercises of the 
morning took place. Captain William J. Reitzell, the newly elected presi- 
dent of the association, presided, and the following program was carried 
•out: 

Music by the drum corps. 

Prayer— Deputy Chaplain S. R. Van Home. 

Address of welcome — Mayor C. J. Dittmar. 

Response — Col. S. P. Shadel. 

Annual address — General Smith D. Atkins. 

Address — Col. F. W. Byers. 

Address — Captain F. H. Marsh. 

Mayor C. J. Dittmar extended a hearty and sincere welcome to the 
members of the Forty-sixth. "Stephenson county is proud of you. The 
glory of your deeds will ever grow greater and Freeport will ever be proud- 
er to welcome you. Gentlemen, I bid you welcome to our city." 

Col. S. P. Shadel responded with an excellent address. He told of 
the organization of the Forty-sixth and its final mustering out four years 
later. He said that through the care of a Divine Providence many had the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 331 

privilege of again marching together today. After forty years of peace 
and citizenship, we are again privileged to meet. It gives me great pleasure 
to see so many. I desire at this time to welcome you here as cordially 
as did the mayor. 

The Forty-sixth marched 10,000 miles during the campaign and did a 
great deal of fighting. Only one-fourth of those who enlisted were pre- 
sent at the mustering out. Our regiment was made up in a majority of 
young men from Stephenson county. We have a great deal to be thankful 
for. Let us be cheerful and happy and sing the old war songs we love so 
well louder than ever. The boys in blue gave three cheers for the red, 
white and blue, after which Mr. Shadel closed. 

Comrade General Smith D. Atkins followed with the biennial address. 
He spoke of the Forty-sixth as the greatest regiment and stated that the 
reunions would continue just as long as there are two boys left. He said 
that politics count for nothing in these reunions. He spoke of Col. John 
A. Davis and eloquently eulogized him. He told of the enlistment of the 
man for whom the Freeport post is named and how his enlistment brought 
about the mustering in of six whole companies from this county. General 
Atkins told of his relations with Davis during the actual fighting and of the 
valor which the Forty-sixth displayed. The speaker continued by telling 
of his own war record and of that of the man whom he eulogized — John A. 
Davis. In a reminiscent way he told of the time he was ordered by Gover- 
nor Yates to procure eight companies from the northern Illinois counties, 
and instead of which he procured forty-four. "Comrades, you little know 
-what a noble and gallant man you had for your colonel in Col. Davis. When 
he was wounded at the Hatchie, and subsequently died, you lost, and the 
State lost, and the Nation lost one of its greatest commanders." Continuing 
Gen. Atkins eulogized Putnam, a man who had been a candidate for the 
office of Colonel against him, and subsequently was one of the greatest sol- 
diers of the war. 

Comrade Van Home, called upon, made a short but pleasing speech, 
which he concluded with the statement that he would rather be a member 
of the Grand Army than anything else he knew of. In the course of the 
talk he voiced some very beautiful sentiments, and told some jolly stories. 

Col. Byers, of Monroe, recited an especially fine parody on our State 
song, Illinois, which he followed with a talk full of patriotism and eulogy 
for the Forty-sixth. 

The Reunion Banquet. 

Today at noon occurred the eleventh annual reunion banquet of the 
Forty-sixth Illinois Infantry. It was the final event in the two days' great 
gathering, and one which will long be remembered by the two hundred who 
attended. The speeches were able and enjoyed, and the menu, which was 



332 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

elaborated to say the least, was thoroughly enjoyed by the veterans who 
have had to make so many meals on hardtack and water. It was served 
by ladies of the White Shrine of Jerusalem. 

The scene in the banquetting hall while the three hundred veterans and 
veterans' wives dined on the sumptions banquet prepared, was one of re- 
markable picturesqueness. Nothing but the fire of youth and laughter of 
the boys filled the air, together with which the music of Gibler's orchestra 
was heard in national and popular airs. 

Invocation before the banquet was made by Department Chaplain Van 
Home. When the boys and their ladies had well finished their meal Master 
of Ceremonies William W. Krape called the assembly gathering to order 
and "America" was sung. 

Enjoyable Campfire Friday Night. 
True to all expectations the campfire enjoyed by the members of the old 
Forty-sixth Friday evening was one of the most enjoyable affairs in years. 
The attendance was very large, in fact, G. A. R. hall, which is generally 
well able to seat all comers, was literally filled. The smoke from the 
cigars the veterans were enjoying filled the air, but they were good ones, 
and the odor was delightful. To the veterans the pictures of long weary 
nights around the campfire telling stories were vividly recalled, and stood 
out in sharp contrast to equally weary nights of long stealthy marching. 

Stories were told last evening — stories which brought tears of sym- 
pathy just as often as they brought roars of laughter and approval from the 
spectators and listeners. After a time spent in social intercourse and 
jollification, Capt. Philip Arno, of Dubuque, called the meeting to order, 
and the boys made speeches, told anecdotes and sang. Tom B. Jones was 
first called on. In a few well chosen words he set forth the object of the 
History and roster of the Forty-sixth Regiment which had been started by 
General Dornblaser and was to be finished by Mr. Jones. The book will 
contain a good history of each company, well illustrated with over seventy- 
five photos. John A. Davis post, of Freeport, and John Musser post of 
Orangeville, will also be written up. Mr. Jones was followed by Comrade 
Captain Frederick Marsh, who cheered the gathering with a good, well de- 
livered talk. Dr. F. W. Byers, of Monroe, next called upon, sang a well 
received song on the subject so dear to the hearts of all present — Illinois. 

Colonel S. P. Schadle, of Monroe, next delivered an address of good 
cheer and was followed by Frank Wilson, who gave several interesting re- 
miniscenses and told of some of the hardships suffered during the civil war. 
Peter Wuertz, or "Old Shady," as his comrades called him, sang for the 
crowd as he used to during the war, and was greeted with rounds of ap- 
plause. Dan Galpin, of Lanark, next addressed the boys and was fol- 
lowed by Dr. Byers, who sang "Col. Snob." Comrade W. Wi. Krape, of 
Freeport, next called upon, delighted his hearers with a splendid little rem- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 333- 

iniscent talk, even telling how he had gone to Dr. Byers' school in bygone 
days. B. T. St. John, Comrade Roush and Comrade Shade, of Orange- 
ville, finished the evening's pleasure with excellent talks. 

When the jolly campfire was "outened" it was late, so late, in fact,, 
that the boys had to hurry to get home before they went to sleep. The 
campfire was a success if as such it can be measured by the words of 
approval in everyone's mouth. 

Those in Attendance. 

The register of the survivors, which is, of course, not complete, as 
not even all who attended the reunion took the trouble to register their 
names, is as follows : 

F. C. Held, Co. C, Freeport; A. D. Tyler, Co. B. Woodford, Wis.; 
J. R. Waddell, Co. A, Freeport; W. J. Reitzell, Co. B, Freeport; W. M. 
Haney, Co. E. Maquoketa, la. ; J. W. Mallory, Co. B, Freeport ; Jacob 
Prince, Co. C, Freeport ; S. P. Shadel, Co. A, Monroe, Wis ; T. J. Hays, 
Co. K. Maquoketa, Iowa ; A. P. Webb, Co. B, Freeport ; E. D. Barker, Co. 
G, Sciota Mills ; A. B. Yoder, Co. B, St. Louis ; F. R. Koym, Co. C, Free- 
port ; L. Milton, Co. D, Allentown, Pa. ; M. Moyer, Co. H, Red Cliff, la. ; 
L. W. Mogle, Co. B, Kent; Charles F. Wright, Warren; Paul Petrick, 
Co. G, Freeport ; M. A. Rice, Co. A, Douglas, Kan. ; William Henke, Co. 
C, Eleroy; Henry Keller, Co. D, Freeport; William Staber, Co. C, Free- 
port; Henry Bemis, Co. E, Oregon; T. C. Laird, Co. G, Lincoln, Neb.; H. 
S. Keck, Co. K, Freeport; C. Daughenbaugh, Co. A, Orangeville; G. S. 
Rousch, Co. B, Lena, 111. ; John Wolff, Co. C, Blue Island ; W. W. Krape, 
Co. A, Freeport ; N. Kastler, Co. C, Amboy ; L. Seiferman, Co. C, Free- 
port; James Mathingley, Co. D, Waterloo, Iowa; Eli Ellis, Co. A, Free- 
port ; L. Currier, Co. I, Oregon ; A. A. Stamm, Co. G, Lena ; Aaron Mc- 
Cawley, Co. B, Orangeville ; James McGurk, Lena ; A. Staecker, Co. C,. 
Rockford ; R. Treuhalm, Co. E, Rockford ; D. Allison, Co. G, Kensett, la. * 
Fred Keller, Co. C, Freeport; J. T. Clingman, Co. A, Cedarville; J. G. 
Flory, Co. D, Savanna ; D. W. Fisbens, Co. G, Ruthben, la. ; B. F. Rutter, 
Co. G, Cedarville; Levi Richards, Co. K, Dakota; W. J. Daughenbaugh,. 
Co. K, Jennings, La. ; Luther Angle, Co. G, Dakota ; B. T. St. John, Co. 
E, Sterling; Charles Musser, Co. A, Pearl City; Warren Colgin, Co. I,. 
Dixon ; L. F. Vocht, Co. B, Freeport ; John Schackler, Co. A, Washing- 
ton, Kans. ; L. Moses, Co. E, Cedarville ; F. T. Wilson, Co. G, Gilbert 
Station, Iowa; D. Galpin, Co. A, Lanark; Philip Arno, Co. C, Dubuque; 
Frank Wbhlford, Co. B, Clements, Minn. ; Henry King, Co. D, Winslow ; 
W. D. Reed, Co. D, Waterloo, Iowa; H. Hoyman, Co. A, Freeport; Robt. 
McLeese, Co. G, Freeport; Z. T. F. Runner, Co. K, Freeport; Henry Gar- 
man, Co. G, Cedarville; Thos. B. Jones, Co. B, Gilbert Station, Iowa; 
William Clingman, Co. A, Cedarville; Fred Brady, Co. D, Freeport; W. 
A. Garman, Co. G, Beloit, Wis. ; John Treuholm, Co. E, Rochelle, 111. ; N. 

22 



334 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

F. Coolidge, Co. K, Rockford ; E. Roach, Co. C, Rockford ; Phillip Knecht, 
Co. B, Freeport; Robert Long. Co. C, Cedarville; J. W. Holmes, Co. I, 
Amboy ; Peter Wuertz, Co. K, Davis ; F. H. Marsh, Co. E, Rockford ; M. 

D. Mitchell, Co. B, Davis; Jacob Becker, Co. C, Durand; Wm. C. Mc- 
Elhaney, Co. B, Dakota; Peter Syler, Co. E, Lena; Jacob Cleasnor, Co. 
B, Freeport; H. C. Best, Co. A, Freeport; William Reeter, Co. G, Dakota; 
I. Miller, Co. A, Freeport; F. W. Evans, Co. A, Monroe, Wis.; Philip 
Wentz, Co. G, Freeport ; A. C. Schadle, Co. A, Warren ; W. Kaly, Co. D, 
Mt. Carroll ; William Spitler, Co. D, Freeport ; J. A. Taft, Co. A, Orange- 
ville; John Dilcher, Co. H, Freeport; William A. Jackson, Co. I, Durand; 

E. A. Snyder, Co. H, Cedar Falls, Iowa; S. E. Carter, Co. A, Lanark; 
Jacob Werner, Co. C, Freeport. 

Letters from Survivors. 

The following letters have been received by Secretary Fred. C. Held 
from members who found it impossible to be present at the reunion. They 
were read in the business meeting yesterday and as they are of great 
interest to the general public, The Standard prints them herewith : 

Waukegon, Sept. 17. — Yours of the 5th containing invitation of officers 
of the 46th Regiment reunion association to be present and speak at the 
reunion of said regiment on October 6th, was duly received. 

When the invitation was received I was sure I could be with you, but 
other matters have transpired which will make it impossible for me to be 
with you, nothing would give me greater pleasure than to meet the sur- 
viving members of that grand old regiment. A regiment with which the 
old 15th was brigaded so long during bloody conflict. I knew most of the 
officers and men of the 46th during the war and no truer, greater hearted, 
braver men ever lived. How clearly I call to mind such men as Benj. 
Dornblaser, Jones, Woodbury, Young, Bradshaw, Arnold, Arno, Miller, 
Pike, Stewart and many others. I can truly say that the 46th was almost 
as good as the 15th and that is saying a great deal. In stealing and fight- 
ing the 46th was equal to the 15th but in piety the 46th was way behind. 
Well, most all of the old veterans have groped to the other side, where we 
shall all meet them soon. I believe I am the last surviving of the 38 of- 
ficers of the 15th who left Freeport in May, 1861. 

Please give my love to all the boys. 

Hail and Farewell, in F. C. & L. GEO. C. ROGERS. 



Jesup, la., Aug. 2. — Dear Sir: Your card at hand, and note what you 
say in regard to the reunion to be held at Freeport, 111., on October 5th. 
Will say that I am the son of Thomas J. Shane, and therefore take the 
liberty to inform you of his death on August 26th, 1891. 

Yours respectfully, N. V. SHANE. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 335 

Sterling, July 28. — Dear Comrade : The card announcing another 
reunion of the old 46th came today. I was very glad to get it, and know 
that a few, at least, of the boys, that once touched elbows, can look each 
other in the face and clasp cordial hands. If I am in the state, I expect to 
be there. I am trying to sell and if I do shall move to the Pacific coast. 

Possibly that might happen before the anniversary of Hatchie. In- 
closed find draft for my dues, that I may be represented that far anyhow. 
If I can't be there in person, others can, and that date I shall surely be 
with you in thought and spirit. With the very best of wishes for all the 
comrades, I am, as ever. Yours in F. C. & L., 

B. T. ST. JOHN. 



Vevay, Ind., July 30. — Dear Comrade : Your cards — I got two of them 
— are just received. I enclose a dollar for dues. I don't know whether I 
can be there or not, but I hope I don't need try to say how I would enjoy 
it. We have a country reunion association here that meets for a two day's 
reunion, August 16 and 17. I have been attending those reunions for 
years, but, of course, never meet any one of my old regiment or even of 
the old brigade. I attended the encampment of the department of Indiana 
at La Fayette, Indiana, in May and met there a member of the 76th Illi- 
nois (one of our brigade) and felt like I met a long lost brother. If I can 
I will surely be on hand October 5th. Every 46th Illinois man should re- 
member with pride and I would like to see the old flag once more un- 
furled on that day. But 77 years have left their mark on me and while my 
health is reasonably good I don't get about with ease to myself. Rheuma- 
tism and other infirmities of age have me in their clutches. I just endure 
the ills. I can't get rid of them, but if I don't get there my heart will be 
with the old boys of the 46th Illinois. God bless them all. 

Yours in F. C. & L., JOHN SHAW, Co. F, 46th 111. 



The following is from Darius Winters, who is now located at Al- 
mira. Wash. : 

"I notice in the Freeport papers of recent date that there is to be a re- 
union of the old Forty-sixth Illinois Regiment to be held in Freeport on 
October 5 and 6. I also notice that in all probability this will be the last 
reunion the regiment will ever hold. I would like very much, indeed, to 
meet with the dear old comrades once more, but it will be impossible for 
me to do so this time, so I thought I would write a few lines to you and 
just say a word to the boys, my dear old comrades of the old Forty-sixth 
Illinois Regiment. 

"Time nor distance has not changed the love in my heart that I have 
always had for the members of the old vet regiment. In fact I think that. 



836 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

as time goes on and distance increases, the love in my heart grows warmer 
and stronger. I would gladly grasp each of you by the hand and say, 
'How are you, old comrade?' and enjoy a good visit with you all, but I 
forget not the dear comrades who have answered to the last roll call, and 
have gone to their reward in a better world. God bless their memory. 

"It is not possible for me to meet with you this time, but I shall think 
of you just the same and wish you well. It will not be very many years 
until the last old soldier will have passed away and join those who have 
gone before into the beyond from which none ever return, but be the time 
long or short that we stay on this earth, the cause for which we were 
banded together and for which we fought, many giving up their Hves, will 
never perish. The cause of liberty will never die. 

"There are not many old comrades in this part of the country. I at- 
tended a Decoration Day service at Filbur, fourteen miles east of here, 
last spring, and I think that there were sixteen old soldiers present, but 
although we were few in number, we attended to the decorating of the 
graves of those of our comrades who have gone on before, and we were 
treated splendidly by the citizens of the town and the county. 

"The people of this country have great respect for the old soldiers, 
and seem to appreciate what we did for the country in the days of the 
civil war. We gave them a country to be proud of, in fact, the best the 
sun has ever shown on, and I believe that the time will come when the 
whole world will be converted into one great world of liberty and union, 
and Old Glory will float in triumph over every land and sea, and gen- 
erations yet unborn will read our record in history and bless the memory 
of the brave and valiant soldiers who, when our dear country was in 
danger, answered to the call and rallied around our country's banner by 
the thousands, and bore that banner in triumph over many a bloody battle- 
field until after four years of hardship and faithful service we returned in 
peace and triumph with the star-spangled banner proudly floating over 
every State in our glorious union. 

"I tell you, my comrades, we have reason to be proud of our record, 
and let us thank God that we have lived to make such a record, and may 
the remainder of our lives be such as will entitle each one of us to a home 
in heaven, where there will be no war nor hardship, but will be one eter- 
nal grand reunion with our Heavenly Father and all the dear old comrades 
who have gone on before. 

"Now, dear comrades, please excuse me if I have caused a wave of 
sadness to pass over your hearts, and let us return to the enjoyment of 
the hour. Let us hear a song from someone. If you could hear me, I 
would sing one for you. Let us all join heartily in singing, 'My Country, 
'Tis of Thee, Sweet Land of Liberty.' And if old 'Shady' is present, let 
him come to the front and sing, 'Old Shady.' 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 337 

"Well, dear comrades, I guess you are tired of this foolishness, so I 
will bring my remarks to a close by wishing you a happy, happy, thrice 
happy reunion. I would just say in regard to this part of the State of 
Washington that I like it very much, and expect to spend my life here un- 
less unknown circumstances cause me to change my mind, and if any of 
you old comrades ever take a notion to come to this side of the Rocky 
Mountains, come to see me, and I will give you a hearty welcome and 
treat you the best I can. I am 100 miles west of Spokane on the Wash- 
ington Central road, a branch of the Northern Pacific road. I should like 
very much to hear from any of you again, comrades of the Forty-sixth 
Illinois Regiment. Again I will say, God bless and keep you all. Good 
bye, with love and best wishes." 



TENTH REUNION OF THE 46th ENDS. 



(From Freeport "Standard," Oct. 8, 1906.) 

The banquet which marked the end of the eleventh biennial reunion 
of the Forty-sixth Regiment was a very successful affair, carried off in a 
successful manner and enjoyed by every one present. It was held in the 
beautiful and spacious dining hall at Masonic temple, and the large, gaily 
decorated room was filled. 

At the conclusion of the elaborate spread, after every comrade had 
feasted to his heart's content. Captain W. W. Krape, master of ceremonies 
for the occasion, with a well selected little talk introduced the first speaker. 
Dr. Krape is a man of exceptional ability as a public speaker and his 
words of welcome and introduction were delivered to enthusiastic hearers. 
In introducing the first speaker he said : You have had a grand dinner and 
you will have a grand time this afternoon before you leave here. We have 
with us among the comrades of the Forty-sixth a high private who rose 
from our ranks to be a Colonel in the Spanish American war. I take great 
pleasure in introducing to you Col. Samuel P. Shade!, of Monroe, Wis. 

"Comrades, we Meet Again." "You have given me a good subject," 
said Col. Shadel, "We all enjoy the meeting again. With soldierly ten- 
derness we grasp each other's hands and live over again the days of the 
war. Let us recall some of our various meetings. First we called at the 
recruiting offices. We occasionally met "Johnny Reb" too. Then there 
was generally a jar and a rumble. The Forty-sixth met the difficulty al- 
ways. Then, after we could get through, the boys would meet at the camp- 
fire, and as we looked into the tents before going to bed we found some of 
our boys missing, but we rather expected to. After the several years of 
war we had the coming home meeting, and since several meetings have oc- 



338 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

curred at our reunions which have been very pleasant. We have enjoyed 
this hour's meeting, perhaps more than any previous reunion gathering. 

Our days are coming to a close, but we feel no fear of death at any 
time. May we so live and act that we may all meet our lost friends at 
another greater reunion beyond the river when we all gather in our 
Father's house. 

General Smith D. Atkins was next introduced by Toastmaster Krape. 
The general's toast was "The Boys in Blue," and, as always, the eloquent 
general did full justice to his subject. He stated that he was glad his 
toast included not only the Forty-sixth boys, but everyone who wore the 
blue, referring to them as those who kept the jewel of liberty safe in the 
growing nation. You are the boys, who came from everywhere to your 
country's call. Some of you were educated and some couldn't read your 
own names, but you were true, loyal soldiers and all were men who could 
fight. I am glad so many are left and I myself will continue hurrahing 
for our glorious American flag with the last man of you as long as I am 
permitted to. 

Comrade Reverend VanHorne, department chaplain and a former 
Methodist presiding elder in this district, was next called upon. In part 
he spoke as follows : I am glad that the republic, in time of extremity, had 
had plenty of volunteers to help her out, and that there were plenty of 
Dutchmen among them. But now, when we are all soldiers together here 
today, I want to tell you that I love our Grand Army fraternity with its 
loyalty and charity. There is no other such fraternity as ours, which was 
born in suffering and born to die. Its ranks can never be replaced — its 
members were all made during those four years of sorrowing and suffer- 
ing. The ranks are being depleted by death. I do want to say, however, 
since comrade Krape has assigned to me the subject "Good Soldiers and 
Good Citizens," that good soldiers always make good citizens and good 
citizens always make good soldiers. The poor soldiers and poor citizens 
who were in our ranks have gone and only the cream remains, excepting, 
of course, those boys who died in glory on the battle field. 

This G. A. R. lives for a purpose, and its impression upon the minds 
of the young is becoming more important. Think — no such army, as met 
the president's call for troops for the Spanish American war would have 
resulted had not our youth had the example of the boys here assembled as 
well as others not present before them. 

Let us be true. I see just before me the mysterious river crossed by 
the bridge of Atonement which our immortal comrades now passed away 
have already crossed. Let us all cross this bridge and as we pass to the 
last great roll call, we will hear the voices of our old comrades bidding us 
"welcome." 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTE ER INFANTRY. 339 

Dr. Byers, of Monroe, who is a great favorite with all who know him, 
was given the toast "The Ladies," and he did full justice to it. Dr. Byers 
started by saying, "I have always been partial to the opposite sex, ever 
since I became acquainted with my mother. There were four boys in our 
family, everyone of whom our mother sent to the war, and I don't believe 
she ever closed her eyes a single time without a prayer for those boys, and 
I imagine that everyone of the rest of you good boys had wives, ladies or 
sweethearts who did the same for you. He concluded with the statement 
that he believed the ladies were always happier because they were always 
making other people happy and because they are way ahead of the rest of 
us in charity, for among all the good people in the world, the ladies are 
the best. Dr. Byers concluded amid the rousing cheers of his audience, 
and as an encore he was called upon to sing his version of Illinois, which 
provoked another storm of applause and laughter. 

The next speaker was Captain Marsh of Co. E, who prefaced his re- 
marks with a few good stories and interesting anecdotes, after which he 
referred to the passing away of the old boys and when he saw the vacant 
chair, he always thought of the beautiful song "We Shall Meet With the 
Angels" and almost instantaneously the vast gathering fell in with Cap- 
tain Marsh in singing the pathetic song, aided by the orchestra. The 
scene was a pathetic one and tears glistened in the eyes of many of the 
men and women gathered together. After the song Captain Marsh con- 
cluded his talk with the injunction, "Let us so live the remainder of our 
lives that at the next reunion beyond, we will meet all our departed broth- 
ers and remain with them to eternity." 

But two more toasts were given, one by Comrade Wilson and one by 
Comrade Snyder of Cedar Falls. Both were excellent and won great ap- 
plause. These ended the delightful program of toasts which had been pre- 
pared, and after a vote of thanks to the people of Freeport by the assem- 
bled gathering, Comrade Krape dismissed the boys of the Forty-sixth 
with a hearty "God Bless You All," and the Eleventh Biennial Reunion 
of the Forty-sixth Regiment of Illinois Infantry came to a close. 

WiRZ Monument Denounced. 

During the reunion the matter of the proposed monument for Wirz 
the keeper of Andersonville prison during the civil war, which is to be 
erected by the Daughters of the South, came up and the secretary was in- 
structed to draw up resolutions protesting against the movement and en- 
dorsing the resolutions passed at the recent national encampment. Wirz 
has been characterized as the meanest man in the war on the southern side 



340 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

BEAUTIFUL TRIBUTE TO AMERICAN FLAG 



By Comrade Jones, who is writing History of 46th Regiment, I. V. I. 

The last toast on the splendid program which was given at the Elev- 
enth reunion banquet of the Forty-sixth Illinois regiment Saturday af- 
ternoon was by Lieut. Thomas B. Jones, who res -ended to the great 
subject, "The American Flag." Mr. Jones' speech was full of patriotism 
and showed by its eloquent delivery that the speaker was inspired by his 
subject. He first spoke of the fact that every nation in the world has a 
flag, an emblem by which it is known, and that the glorious flag of our 
own country stood in the first rank. He told of the making of the first 
flag, and how it had grown as the American nation grew to its present 
standing of world power. The speaker then referred to the flag which 
went through the war with his own regiment, and told of his possession 
.of a piece of it which had been shot out by a shell. 

In closing his excellent address, after telling in an entertaining man- 
ner, a number of interesting incidents and anecdotes, Mr. Jones paid a 
beautiful tribute to the patriotic ladies who have seen "Old Glory" through 
■ thick and thin and told of the time when, in the south, a band had played 
.a selection, the name of which referred to the flag as "the old rag," a band 
^of school teachers went before the mayor and had the musicians repri- 
manded and the practice was stopped. Comrade Lieut. Jones closed 
his speech amid thunderous applause from the assembled gathering. 

Mr. Jones is getting up a history of the Forty-sixth regiment and he 
states that already enough copies have been pledged to assure the book's 
publication. The exact date of its issue has not been set, but it will prob- 
ably be about January 1, 1907. 



TRIBUTE TO THE NOBLE WOMEN OF AMERICA. 



Among the noted women of the nation during the war period we 
may mention, Harriet Beecher Stowe, who, with verse and prose, stirred 
the minds of the American nation with pen descriptions of the evils of 
slavery in the book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." She is yet living in Brooklyn 
at the advanced age of 88 years. 2d, There is Mrs. John A. Logan, wife 
of Gen. Logan, a conspicuous figure in the minds of all lovers of the G. A. 
R. and W. R. C. Loved and honored for her noble character, yet living, 
devoting much time to the surviving soldiers. 3d — Clara Barton's influ- 
ence and work in the Red Cross System has not only been felt in our own 
land, but in all the nations, excepting China. Noble women sent to the 
J>attle fields giving comfort to suffering humanity. 4th — Julia Ward 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 34| 

Howe will always be famous as the author of the "Battle Hymn of the 
Republic." It was during the Civil war that she heard some soldiers 
singing "John Brown's Body" and wished that such beautiful melody had 
different and better words, and one night the words of the Battle Hymn 
came to her. She dared not wait until morning lest she forget them, and, 
fearing to waken her sleeping baby by lighting a lamp, she rose, found 
paper and pencil and scribbled the words off in the dark, as best she could. 
Thus was born the soul-stirring hymn that our nation loves. 

5th. Francis Willard, the best loved woman of America. How well 
she deserves the name. Loving all humanity, she devoted her time and 
life-work to overthrow the evils of intemperance. As President of the 
W. C. T. U. she brought to pass temperance legislation, instructions in 
the schools, progress in social, and purity in the home life. 

6th. Susan B. Anthony's name is synonymous with Woman Suffrage. 
She has been the great advocate of equal rights for men and women of 
the century. 

7th. The fame of Aunt Lizzie Aiken, Mother Bickerdike, Miss 
Breckenridge and many others will live in the hearts of many hundreds 
and thousands of our boys in blue. They were volunteer nurses in the 
Civil War, and day after day they would go through the wards, caring 
tenderly for the sick soldiers, feeding them, reading to them, comforting 
them, always tenderly sympathetic. Knew them all and asked "How is 
my Michigan boy today," or "how are you Illinois," or "how does In- 
diana feel today?" They had kept track of nearly all, and to many had 
read passages of the bible. They had prayed and closed the eyes in death 
of many thousands. After the war, many of these continued in their la- 
bors of mercy among the poor in the larger cities. Most all have re- 
ceived recognition at the hands of a grateful people, and large and beau- 
tiful monuments have been erected to perpetuate their memory. They, 
like the soldiers whom they cared for and helped, have passed beyond the 
river. Their influence lives on ; the rose may wither, its fragrance pass 
with the gentle breeze, the monuments, erected to perpetuate the memory 
and mark the resting place of the dead, may crumble and be scattered to 
the earth, but a mother's love reaches down to the lowest and most hum- 
ble of earth, it soars to the throne of Heaven, touching the immortal, its 
influence impressed on the young, spreads over all, moulding the character 
and life of millions unborn. 

In the early history of our country, we find account of the good mo- 
thers of this nation taking a conspicious part in the affairs of the country. 
On every occasion in the battles of the revolution their aid and influ- 
ence was manifested by word and acts to aid their fathers and sons in 
the long struggle for independence. It was the good mothers who met at 
Philadelphia in 1777, on a June day and designed and made the first flag. 



342 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

the Stars and Stripes, representing thirteen states, a star for each, which 
has been added to as states were admitted into the Union, increasing the 
number of states to forty-eight and adding a star to the flag corresponding 
to the number of states. In that early period we find the women devot- 
ing their time and means in preparing supplies in the way of clothing 
and food, moulding bullets, preparing hospital supplies, in the way of ban- 
dages and lint to dress wounds. In active service we have the account of 
Molly Pitcher, wife of a sergeant in the artillery, who, upon the death 
of her husband at the battle of Monmouth, seized the rammer and ram- 
med the cartridge home in the cannon, showing to all the world the true 
and brave patriotism of American women. In State and Nation the no- 
ble mothers took an active part and with influence and a zeal for national 
life. During our Civil War many thousand mothers and wives endured 
sacrifices, hardships, privations at home, loss of their dear ones, in order 
that liberty should prevail and justice be triumphant. 



TRIBUTE TO THE LADIES OF FREEPORT. 

In the beautiful city of Freeport, Stephenson county. Illinois, on Doug- 
las avenue and corner of Mechanic street stands a natural boulder mark- 
ing the spot, now historic, where Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Doug- 
las held the second joint debate, at which the writer of this sketch was 
present. On the tablet are found the following inscriptions : 

Within this block was held the second debate in the senatorial contest 
between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas, Aug. 27, 1858. 

" I am not for dissolution of the Union under any circumstances." 

Douglas. 

"This government cannot endure permanently half slave and half 
free." Lincoln. 

Erected by the Freeport Womens Club, 1902. 
Dedicated by President Roosevelt, June 3, 1903. 



QUOTATIONS FROM REV. VAN HORNE. 



Quotations from speech of Rev. R. G. Van Home, of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Northern Illinois, delivered at the Reunion of the 
Stephenson County Soldiers and Sailors, held at Orangeville, 111., Aug. 
15th, 1889. 

My Comrades and Friends: When invited by your committee to ad- 
dress you on this occasion, I cast about in my thought for a subject which 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 343 

would be adapted to the purpose of this reunion. I dared not choose 
politics, for this is not a political meeting. It would not be in good taste 
to choose religion, for this is not a campmeeting. Nor would it be advis- 
able to speak on agriculture, for this is not a county fair nor a driving park. 
"Woman Suffrage" would not seem appropriate, for this is not a woman's 
convention. I finally thought of a command given by a colonel in the 
southern army to a battery of artillery. The colonel was badly scared by 
the rumor that the Yankees were approaching. The pickets had been 
driven in, and there was some little prospect of a skirmish drill at least. 
He ordered his regiment into line of battle, and then riding down to the 
left of the line where Captain Duncan had his battery ready for action, 
the Colonel cried out, "Capt. Duncan, fire ; the crisis has come !" But the 
enemy had not put in an appearance, and it was somewhat difificult for the 
captain to know just at what point to train his guns. But not wishing to 
appear derelict to the orders of his superior, he commanded his gunners to 
fire. An Irish sergeant asked, "Captain, at what shall we fire ?" The cap- 
replied. "Fire? why, fire at the crisis; didn't you hear the Colonel say the 
crisis has come ?" To me the crisis has come, and being an old artillery- 
man, I will fire at the crisis. 

The Republic of the United States, and the relation of the volunteer 
soldier and sailor to this Republic, past, present, and future, is a subject 
in which we as parties of the second part are deeply interested. The work 
done by these men on sea and land to preserve the Union, and to liberate 
the bondsmen, and maintain the authority of the Stars and Stripes over 
every foot of our national territory, and make that flag honorable in the 
eyes of all foreign nations and governments, and preserve this country 
as the "Beulah Land" for the down trodden and oppressed of all peoples, 
is a theme that the future historian is yet to delineate in colors brighter, 
and words warmer, than in any colors that have yet been painted, or words 
that have been written 

My friends, our Republic is no longer an experiment. We have been 
before the world for over a century, and have proved by the most rigid 
and incontestable proofs that our people can be trusted with self-govern- 
ment. "That a government of the people, by the people, and for the peo- 
ple," need not perish from the face of the earth. That life, liberty, and 
property are safe ; and social, intellectual, and religious improvement can 
be secured and perpetuated under the laws made by those who are to obey 
them. We are proud of the record that we are organized on the principle 
of the political equality of all the citizens. 

The United States is the only Republic out of the sixteen of any 
special importance now in existence, that has endured the test for one hun- 
dred years, without changing its form of government either from choice, 
from revolution or from foreign invasion and compulsion. 

And this fact appears all the more wonderful when we realize the 
truth that our territory is over one and a half million square miles larger 
than any other Republic on the globe. And it will appear to you at once 
that the difficulty of administering a Republican form of government in- 
creases in proportion to the extent of territory to be governed. 

And then, we are composed of nearly every nationality under heaven. 
We appear in the eyes of the world as a heterogeneous conglomeration. 
And yet our political economy is so flexible and assimilating, that it is able 
out of this continued diversity to bring perpetual harmony. And out of 
this apparent babble' and confusion to develop law, order, and good govern- 
ment. 



344 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMeNT 

The masses are leavened into peace and harmony with the government 
from a force within itself, and not kept into a state of quietness and order 
from a force external to itself. And if we exclude France — whose Repub- 
lican form of government is far from being established — the United States 
has a greater population than all the other Republics of the world com- 
bined. And yet with a territory two-thirds as large as them all, and a pop- 
ulation exceeding them all, in peace, prosperity and enterprise, we lead them 
all. 

Our form of government has not only proved adequate for resisting 
the unrighteous demands of foreign powers, but has demonstrated in the 
most unequivocal trial its ability to maintain its equilibrium, and assert 
its supremacy over the rankest treason, and most bitter and gigantic of 
all earthly rebellions. 

The Union Soldier, and the Union Sailor, were once regarded by the 
loyal men and women of this country as the brave defenders and gallant 
savers of our honored Republic. Those men volunteered to stand as a bul- 
wark of safety between our constitutional liberties and the armed legions of 
uprising organized treason. They permitted their mortal bodies like fleshy 
earthworks to receive the deadly shot and shell which were aimed by bold 
and defiant traitors at the heart of the nation. And be it remembered, 
that this shot and shell forced into our ranks, was intended by those who 
fired them, to cut a perpetual chasm between the North and the South. 
And every shot as it left the muzzle of musket, cannon or mortar 
was labeled with malice a forethought, "Death to the Union." 

Tens of thousands of our Union Soldiers, with their bleeding and dying 
bodies, blocked up the highways, and by-ways which lead to the capitol 
at Washington, and held the enemy in abeyance until he was driven back 
from whence he came. And our comrades with their crimson patriot 
blood, helped put out the pernicious fires of secession, and enrich the soil on 
which in the future patriotic Union citizens will live and remain loyal. 

It is true that many of our comrades escaped the deadly shot. Thank 
God this is so ! or today our reunion might have been held on the "Sea of 
Glass ;" or under the "Tree of Life" in the Paradise of God, rather than 
in Orangeville, in Stephenson county. But the target was there. If the 
minie ball fell short, or shot too high, it was the fault of the enemy, and 
not of the target. 

The soldier and sailor of the Union forces are still among the pa- 
triotic and loyal supporters of our Union. We are largely in the minority 
as to numbers. An entire generation of voters have grown up since we 
unbuckled our swords and stacked our arms, and with a "right about, 
face," came marching home, exchanging the notes of martial music for the 
voice of mother, wife and children. But go anywhere you please, when you 
meet a Union soldier or a sailor his heart still keeps step to the music by 
which he marched as he followed the flag, led by such commanders as 
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan or Logan, McClellan, Meade or Hooker, Du- 
pont, Foote, Dahlgren or Farragut. We may differ as to methods of ad- 
ministration ; but the Republic is ours, the government is ours, the flag is 
ours, and we love them with a soldier'": love. Our people are indebted 
to the Union army and navy for the devu'opm.Mit and substantiating of our 
national standing in the great famMy .^f nations. We are now regarded as 
a Nation with a big "N." Our identity has been established, and our 
right to exist is no longer questioned. No national problem settled by the 
valor of medieval knights was better settled than this one in the four 
years it took to accomplish it by conquest on sea and land. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 345 

We are no longer considered as a confederation of sovereign states, 
independent of each other by constitutional right, and submissive to na- 
tional authority only by voluntary consent during the pleasure of that state 
soverignty. "We are no longer an aggregation of distinct and separate 
parts, but an integral and organic whole — not only a Union, but a Unity." 
A Nation where the parts are equal to the whole; and no one part dare 
act in defiance of the whole. We are now a Republic in which State Sov- 
ereignty bows obediently to National Supremacy. A Nation in which the 
head, arms, feet, and Ijeart, all act in harmony for the good of the entire 
body; and not a single member says boastingly or jokingly, "I am inde- 
pendent, and have no need of thee." For weal or for woe, for better or 
for worse, we are now and hereafter must be one people. This is the great 
political stone of our government, of which it may be candidly said,"Who- 
soever shall fall upon it, shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall 
it will grind him to powder." 

No army of men ever bivouacked under the starry sky or responded 
to the drum beat, who possessed such generous sentiments and who were 
so magnanimous in their treatment of their conquered foes as were the 
Union army. 

After the battle of Bull Run, when the Union troops were depressed, 
and the confederate forces unduly elated, the president of the bogus Con- 
federacy made a most exultant speech in Richmond, Virginia, in which he 
gave the multitudes who heard him this advice : "Never be haughty to the 
humble." 

Had that advice been practiced throughout the confederacy, and en- 
forced and practiced by Jefiferson Davis himself, then such places asAnder- 
sonville, Libby Prison, Belle Isle, Fort Pillow, and others equally as ghastly 
and foul, would not to-day be such plague spots in their history. And 
the awful crimes, dark as treason could make them, would never have 
risen up in judgment to condemn their guilty leaders. We are free to 
say, and think you will agree with us in saying, that if Robert E. Lee had 
been at the head of the Confederacy instead of Jefferson Davis, the Union 
prisoners would have received better treatment, and the Confederacy would 
have collapsed sooner than it did. 

But such a sentiment did prevail in the Union Army. It has also 
prevalent in our National Congress ; and it burned with a white heat in 
the bosom of Abraham Lincoln, the best of the list of our honored and great 
Presidents. 

"Never be haughty to the humble," was the spirit manifested by Gen. 
U. S. Grant, at Donelson, when he allowed the confederate officers to re- 
tain their side-arms after they had surrendered ! And why did he do this? 
Certainly not for any personal regard for these officers, or sympathy with 
their cause. But it was done by this mighty chief in hope that such treat- 
ment would convince those who were in rebellion, that the United States 
government entertained no spirit of revenge nor desire to unnecessar- 
ily humiliate those who in their madness or deception were attempting to 
disrupt the union. 

This same remarkable man at the surrender of Vicksburg, by Gen. 
Pemberton, cared for 30,000 half starved confederate soldiers, and then 
turned them loose on their parole of honor, to go to their southern homes. 

And the most generous offer ever made by a military conqueror to a 
prostrate and helpless foe, was made by this same superlatively great and 
brave General at Appomattox Court House, at the surrender and breaking 
up of the rebel army. General Lee inquired what terms of surrender would 



346 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

be demanded. The Union chief replied. "Surrender of all arms and mu- 
nitions of war." To this Gen. Lee agreed. General Grant sat down and 
with his own hand drew up that famous and ever to be historic article of 
capitulation stipulating that the Confederate officers could retain their 
side arms, their horses and their private property. 

When Gen. Lee read this very generous proposition, he was deeply 
moved ; and impressively said, "Such magnanimity upon the South will 
be excellent." It was indeed excellent, and while some of the disappointed 
leaders failed to appreciate its motive, the rank and file of their army felt 
the force if its concilatory spirit, and so expressed themselves by return- 
ing at once to the peaceful industries of civil life. 

This conduct and spirit of Gen. Grant, also had its effect upon Con- 
gress and President Johnson, on Dec. 25, 1868, issued a proclamation 
of unconditional amnesty which reinstated all persons "without reserva- 
tion," 'who directly or indirectly participated in the late insurrection or re- 
bellion." He granted "full pardon and amnesty for the offense of treason 
against the United States." 

It is true that Congress a little later passed a law which counteracted 
in a measure some of that proclamation ; yet it is nevertheless true that in 
a few years after the war closed, the leading Generals of the rebel army 
were sitting side by side with the Union Generals in the legislative halls 
of the United States Congress. Such a thing has never been known before, 
and never could have taken place in any other country, or in any other 
government on the face of the earth, but in the government of the United 
States. And this spirit of forgiveness began with the Union army. 

While the hostile armies were encamped one on either side of the Rap- 
pahannock, the Union bands would go down in the cool of the evening 
to the river's bank, and play such airs as "The Red, White and Blue," 
and "The Star Spangled Banner." The Confederate bands would re- 
spond with "Bonnie Blue Flag" and "Away down South in Dixie." 

After this patriotic challenge had been protracted for some time, the 
Federal Bands would strike up "Home Sweet Home," in which the Con- 
federate bands would immediately join. No challenge in that; no room 
for discord here ; no warfare in such music. Again both armies were one ; 
all disputes end in "Home, Sweet Home." 

That scene on the Rappahannock was but a prophecy of the future. 
That prophecy is now being fulfilled, and will be more perfectly fulfilled 
in the on coming years. 

Edmund Ruffin, the old man to whom Beauregard gave permission 
to fire the first shot from Morris Island at Fort Sumpter, four years after- 
wards took his own life. And in the death of that suicide we may read 
the fate of any man or party of men, who at any time may be bold or bad 
enough to attempt again the dishonoring of our flag, or the destruction of 
the American Republic. 

And as sure as there is a God in heaven, if the Anarchists, and So- 
cialists, and Communists make an attempt to degrade or insult the Stars 
and Stripes with their red flag, and seek to overthrow this government, 
under which they have sought a refuge, they will discover to their shame 
and sorrow that the spirit of the old Union army is still living in this 
country, and it will dig for their red flag and all it represents a grave that 
will be bottomless. 

My comrades, there are men and women here today who are fathers 
and mothers of beautiful children, who themselves were unborn when you 
and I were in the Union army. To them the civil war is a matter of his- 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 347 

tory only. The untold waves of sorrow that rolled over this nation 
after each battle they have never experienced. And I pray God it may nev- 
er fall to their lot to pass through such experiences as we have. But these 
younger men and women should be posted, as some of you older people 
are posted, of what kind of men the soldiers of our republic were made. 
It may seem egotistical in us who were in the service to speak thus. But 
we only repeat what the historian has already recorded, and what the 
future historian will write in still more brilliant colors. 

Never in modern history in so brief a period of time was so large an 
army assemibled and composed of such fine material as was our armies, 
and that too without previous drill or knowledge of military life. 

Nations accustomed to professional soldiers and standing armies, 
looked upon our citizen soldiery as a vast mob, unwieldy and of no practical 
utility. The London Times, speaking of them said : "It is evident that 
the whole volunteer army of the northern states is worthless as a mili- 
tary organization, a screaming crowd of New York rowdies and Boston 
abolitionists devastating the villages of Virginia." 

Never was a great journal worse misled and positively mistaken. 
Our soldiery were not recruited and mustered from the slums of society. 
They were not an army of paupers. And if many of them are poor today, 
which we will not deny, let the present generation remember that these 
soldiers served their country at $13 per month. And during the years 
that they were in the service they were unable to lay up anything or to 
make money. Meanwhile their neighbors were at home, raising large crops, 
doing a large business, getting big prices, and had plenty of money; and 
with this inflated currency were paying off mortgages, buying homes and 
lands and getting a good start in the world. But when the soldier boys 
came home they had nothing to begin with-; and had to commence where 
they left off three or four years before; and of course were far behind their 
neighbors in prosperity. And I consider it an outrage and a burning shame 
for any one to belittle the stand or poverty of any of these old veterans. 
This great and prosperous country can never repay her "boys in blue," 
what they suffered and spent in time, health, strength and blood to make 
this country rich and prosperous. And it is not a commendable thing for 
a public officer or a private citizen at this late date to call the soldiers and 
sailors who saved the union from destruction, a set of "dead beats and cof- 
fee coolers." It is hard enough to be injured in defense of others; but to 
be insulted for so doing, is a cause for resentment. 

When we have simply asked for that which every civilized nation 
grants to their soldiers, we have been looked upon and even called mer- 
cenary. 

Let me show to these friends how much of the mercenary spirit there 
was in our union soldiers. In the month of August, 1864, there were con- 
fined in the prison pen at Andersonville 33,000 of our boys. They were 
suffering indescribable torture every minute of their lives. Many of them 
were naked, sick and slowly starving to death. They longed for release 
and home and food, enduring agonies which no pen has ever yet been able 
to describe. They were dying at the rate of ten per cent, and thousands 
of them were too feeble to stand on their feet. 

In this dreadful state of things the rebel government sent its agents 
into that prison among our men, and offering them their liberty and plenty 
to eat, if they would take the oath of allegiance to the southern confeder- 
acy. In addition to this, they offered a money bounty to all who would 
enlist in the confederate army. And now what was the result? During 



348 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

all that month of August out of 33,000 starving prisoners, they could only 
induce seventy men to desert the old flag! Rather than swear allegianceto 
the confederacy they remained in prison and died at the rate of one hundred 
per day. And those who lived to be released from that mouth of hell, 
are almost to a man physical wrecks. Now I ask you, my friends, were 
these men mere "mercenaries, hirelings, and coffee coolers" ? I think not ; 
and God pity the man who says they were! 

I am not ashamed of our record. Read the names of our fallen com- 
rades. Look at the men who still live and who stood shoulder to shoulder 
with those who fell. Look at the homes of refinement and culture from 
which they came. Look at the places of responsibility and trust those who 
survived the shock of battle have filled or are now filling. Five of them 
have been elected by the suffrages of the people to the office of chief magis- 
trate; and six of Illinois' brave soldiers have presided over our state as 
governors. And from that exalted position down to the more humble one 
of path-master, our soldiers have filled. Read the names of our profes- 
sional and business men; our farmers and mechanics; and see how many 
of them shouldered a musket, drew the sabre, or pulled a lanyard. 

Read the muster rolls, and see from whence these men came, the pulpit, 
the bench, the bar, the desk, the counting house, the shop, the farm, from 
all occupations of thrift and industry, standing on one common footing 
of soldiery equality. Cooking their rations in the same camp-kettle; 
sleeping side by side sharing the same blanket; marchng together over 
hills and through swamps aiding each other as friends and brothers. 

"We were comrades together when the boys marched away. 

In hard times we were faithful, and in good times we were gay ; 

And sometimes we were longing for the dear ones afar — 

We were comrades together in the days of the war. 

"We have marched along together in the sun and in the rain; 

We've faced the fight together, and together borne the pain ; 

And each one tells his story of the wound or the scar — 

We were comrades together in the days of the war." 

It is now conceded by unprejudiced and intelligent military men that 
the Union army contained the best material that was ever gathered for 
conflict." Mr. Lincoln is reported to have said that any average northern 
regiment contained enough intelligent men from which a president and an 
entire congress could be chosen. 

There were good reasons why our army was composed of such fine ma- 
terial. They were men, many of whom came from the family altar, the 
public schools and from our churches. In some places entire colleges emp- 
tied themselves into the rank and file of some outgoing regiment. In 
other places nearly all the men who belonged to our churches who were 
of proper years, with their preachers in the lead, enlisted for the war. 
Such men fought for principle and could be relied upon in every emergency. 
Look at that band of Union officers in Libby prison. Every night they 
sing the long meter doxology before they go to sleep on the bare floor. 
The Fourth of July comes and these loyal men prepare to celebrate this In- 
dependence day. But they have no flag, and there could be no celebration 
without the old flag. As they could neither buy or beg one, they resolved 
to make one. So the red flannel and the blue flannel and white cotton 
shirts were torn up and put together in proper shape, and the stars pinned 
on the blue field; and when finished it was fastened to the rafters overhead. 
Then the entire number saluted the National emblem with three rousing 
cheers, and the battle hymn of the Republic — 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 349 

"My eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord ; 
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored ; 
He has loosed the fatal lightnings of His terrible swift sword, 
His troth is marching on." 

The rumbling of this patriotic music alarmed the commander of the 
prison, as the jailor was alarmed at Phillipi, who rushed up stairs to see 
what had happened. On seeing the home-made flag he at once knew the 
cause of their rejoicing. He ordered the flag to be taken down forthwith. 
But not a man moved at his order; and growing weary of commanding, 
with no one to obey him, he was compelled by his own treason to climb 
up the rafters and remove the flag! Not a man of all those hundreds 
would have taken down that flag; they would rather have died in their 
tracks ! 

Let me give you an instance of how our old veterans appeared in the 
eyes of some of the dignitaries of the old world at the close of the war. 
During the grand review which occurred in Washington, as our boys were 
homeward bound, some of the representative men of all nations were pre- 
sent to witness that most impressive scene of thousands of soldiers who 
were to be mustered out of military service, and at once return to civil 
life. 

A German baron and Bishop Ames, of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
occupied the same carriage. As the later regiments in their new uniforms 
and with their handsome banners went marching by, the baron would ex- 
claim : "Splendid army. Bishop ! Splendid army." 

After a while the old veteran regiments began to appear on the line. 
Their uniforms were old, faded, soiled and dirty. Their knapsacks were 
well worn and dingy. Their haversacks looked like a piece of greasy 
bacon. Their flags were old, and some of them mere shreds, tattered, 
torn and blood-stained ; with their staffs tied up with leather thongs after 
they had been splintered by shot and shell. As these gallant heroes went 
tramping by, regiment after regiment, reduced only to remnants of their 
former strength, the old Baron's enthusiasm waxed warm, and catching the 
good bishop around the neck with his strong arms, cried out : "Mein 
Gott, Bishop, dot army vould vip de devil !" 

And what was true of the grandeur and greatness of our army, 
can equally be said of our navy. See the crew of the frigate Cumberland, 
as she is struck by the Merrimac in Hampton Roads. Not a man turns 
his eyes towards the life boats for escape. One brave cry goes up from 
all over the decks, which are strewn with dead and dying, "We will never 
surrender." 

Rapidly the ship settled in the waves. The water began to wash over 
the upper deck, and still every unsubmerged gun was hurling defiance 
at the foe. The ship careened on one side. The last gunner knee deep 
in water, pulled the lanyard of the last gun, and the majestic frigate went 
down beneath the billows with the stars and stripes still floating at her 
masthead. 

Neither have we forgotten how the little Monitor, like the stripling 
David, came, in the province of God, and met this mailed Goliath, and 
gave the victory to the Union flag. There upon the floor of the pilot 
house lies her brave commander. Lieutenant Worden, blinded by the 
fragments of iron and powder driven into his eyes. The Merrimac is in 
full retreat with her death wound. Lieutenant Worden recovers con- 
sciousness, and his first question is, "Have I saved the Minnesota?" 
"Yes," replies Lieutenant Green, "and whipped the Merrimac." And the 



350 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

glorious service rendered by Commodore Foote and his western Flotilla 
on the Mississippi are matters of national pride. Running the rebel bat- 
teries at Vicksburg by this wild and wonderous Flotilla was a most bril- 
liant achievement. And what shall we say of Admiral Farragut, the "Old 
Salamander," and his invincible squadron. Rescuing New Orleans from 
the grasp of the rebels, and opening the lower Mississippi for communi- 
cation with our forces ; and then lashing himself to the mast of his old 
flagship Hartford, sails his ships through a cyclone of powder and iron 
over a sea of fire in the bay of Mobile, capturing Fort Gaines and the rebel 
ram Tennessee, and put Mobile again under the dominion of the stars and 
stripes. 

And the praise of Captain Winslow and the crew of the Kearsarge, 
was in every loyal mouth, when, singlehanded and alone, she closed for the 
death struggle with her antagonist, the Alabama, and after a desperate 
battle of two hours duration so shattered the Alabama that she sank for- 
ever out of sight, beneath the waves of the briny deep, and at once cleared 
the seas of this scourge of American shipping, which had caused the de- 
struction of sixty-six vessels, and a loss of ten million dollars to the 
merchant service of the United States. 

And now. my comrades, it is time for me to "cease firing," the crisis is 
passed, and to stack my guns. The union soldiers and sailors who are now 
living will soon be numbered among the silent heroes. The cemeteries are 
fast filling up with the graves of our comrades. Every year new flags are 
required to mark the resting place of those who have been mustered out. 
The great generals have nearly all passed away. Theillustriousnaval com- 
manders are about gone. Twenty-five years more and only "a corporal's 
guard" will be left of those who are here to-day. Many are disabled and 
broken in health. Long rnarches, wet blankets, guard duty when sleep 
would have been medicine ; breathing miasma poison from southern 
swamps; drinking water too dirty in which to bathe our feet; wounds, 
bruises, fever and rheumatism, have left their death grip upon our systems. 
And while many of us appear robust and strong and can do average hard 
work, yet there is scarcely a day but what we feel the injurious eflfect of 
those years of military life. And we will continue to feel it more and more 
as age creeps upon us. until some day the "long roll" will be sounded, and 
we will respond to meet our last enemy, and we shall ourselves be com- 
pelled to surrender to death. Well, be it so, if we are only ready for our 
transfer to the higher department, and for promotion at headquarters. Then 
our change will be ten thousand times more blessed, than was our change 
from smoke of battle and tented field, for home and friends and loving 
hearts. 

Captain W. J. Reitzell, of Rock Grove, was called out, and instead of 
a speech read the following poem : 

They Put Our Flag in Heaven 

'Tis said the path to heaven's gate ; 

Is very narrow and perfectly straight. 

And every pilgrim who enters in 

Must divest himself of every sin. 

Now, this may be true, but suppose the one 

Who judges the deeds each one has done. 

Takes in the surroundngs that our nature bent, 

And o'erlooks some of the deeds to get at the intent ; 

For many boys who helped to put our flag in heaven 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 351 

Died without having their sins forgiven. 

Now, what I want to know, from friend or from foe — 

And you'll say the question is fair — 

Shall the one who fought three of four years 

In putting our old banner up there, 

Though not perfect himself, be laid on the shelf, 

While one who done nothing gets there? 

There was one in a charge, shot through the head ; 

His comrades rush on — they leave him for dead, 

But after the fight as they bear him away. 

As his eyes close in death, this they hear him say. 

As his arms fall palsied down by his side, 

"Say, boys, did you lick them?" and died. 

Now, the deacon, his neighbor, stayed at home and did well. 

For he doubled his money on all he did sell ; 

He prayed that our country with peace might be blessed — 

Still he charged the war widow the same as the rest. 

Now, what I want to know, from friend or from foe — 

And you'll say the question is fair — 

Is, shall the old soldier who fought three or four years 

In putting our banner up there. 

Be laid on the shelf and the deacon get there? 

And in this self-boasting land of the brave, 

This land which all you old boys helped to save, 

When the days were the darkest with a love most intent ; 

Politicians paid you monthly five dollars and sixty-five cent. 

Now, when this was, perhaps you have wondered, 

'Twas when greenbacks were worth some thirty cents on the hundred. 

With same money bondholders bought bonds at their face. 

And were repaid in coin at the Nation's disgrace. 

Now, what I want to know, from friend or from foe — 

And you'll say the question is fair — 

Shall the old soldier who fought without fear. 

And placed our banner up there. 

Though a pauper himself, be laid on the shelf. 

And the bondholder get there? 

There are many crumbs falling from Uncle Sam's table. 

Every last man gets all he is able. 

Now, this is all right, but here is the thing — 

Shall these crumbs be passed 'round by a political ring? 

Politicians think most old soldiers fools. 

So the best of crumbs are given to tools. 

Now, what I want to know, from friend or from foe — 

And you'll say the question is fair — 

Shall the old soldier who fought three or four years 

In putting our banner up there, 

Though no politician himself, be laid on the shelf. 

While the gang and their tools get there? 

But there is one thought which makes amends, 

'Tis the thought that the ladies are ever our friends, 

And they'll be our friends till the last of us die. 

And they love with a love no bondholder can buy. 

To every last woman I have this to say : 

If you are loved by an old soldier don't turn him away ; 



352 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

But accept of his offer and don't treat him rude 

Or cast him aside just to capture a dude. 

Now, what I want to know, from friend or from foe — 

And you'll say the question is fair — 

Shall the old soldier who placed our banner up there, 

Though not young himself, be laid on the shelf 

And the dude in tight breeches get there? 



TRIBUTE TO THE SOLDIERS UNDER TRYING 
CIRCUMSTANCES. 

AND WHILE BATTLING IN THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



Their loyalty after war, holding positions of highest trust in hands of the 
Government, etc. 



SOLDIERS AND MONEY-LENDERS 



There were several acute crisis in the course of the war, when the 
fate of the Nation hung trembling in the balance, but perhaps the su- 
premest of all of them occurred in the latter part of the Summer of 1864. 

For some weeks then it seemed as if the obstinate resistance of the 
rebels had exhausted the utmost power of the Government to crush them. 

Grant, after an unheard-of expenditure of blood in the Wilderness 
and at Cold Harbor, seemed to have been fought to a stand-still before 
the impregnable fortifications of Petersburg. 

Sherman, after 100 days of constant fighting, lay around the works 
which enveloped Atlanta, seemingly at the end of his resources. For 
weeks he had not gained a mile, and an attempt to retreat would have 
brought about the destruction of his army. 

An army sent up the Red River had been cruelly defeated, and nar- 
rowly escaped being destroyed. 

The army sent up the Shenandoah Valley had been twice driven back 
with great loss, and the victorious rebels, following up the last defeat, 
had been barely prevented from capturing the National Capital, with the 
President and all the high officers of the Government. 

Over 2,000,000 of the young men of the country had been called in- 
to service, of whom over 100,000 had been shot to death on the field of 
battle, 250,000 had been severely wounded, 200,000 more had died of dis- 
ease, another 200,000 had been discharged for disabilities incurred by 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER IN FANTRY. 353 

their arduous service, and 70,000 were prisoners in the hands of the en- 
emy. The homes and hospitals of the North were filled with sick and 
wounded men. Of the original 2,000,000 not more that 500,000 were left 
in condition to do duty at the front. 

It certainly seemed as if the Nation had put forth its last effort, sent 
its last man, and paid out its last dollar, and the rebellion, though it had re- 
ceived terrific blows, was still erect, defiant, and as full of fight as ever. 

The public debt amounted to the enormous sum of $1,815,784,370. In 
Wall street gold had risen to 258, and the greenback dollar was worth but 
38 cents. The Government was paying over 15 per cent, interest on its 
bonds, and could not make any more loans even at that figure. It sorely 
needed $130,000,000 at once, to pay the soldiers their long-due pay, to buy 
supplies, and continue the war to a victorious conclusion. Unless it could 
get this the war must stop, the Southern Confederacy triumph, and all the 
blood and treasure which had been poured out be worse than wasted. 
The Secretary of the Treasury — Hon. Wm. Pitt Fessenden — hastened to 
the money-kings of New York, Philadelphia, and Boston, and implored 
them to come to the assistance of the Government for a final effort to 
overthrow treason and save the Nation. He pointed out to them in the 
strongest terms how all would be lost unless they did so. But his ap- 
peals fell upon cold, selfish ears. They had wearied of the struggle, and 
despaired of success. They preferred to lose what they had already in- 
vested, rather than risk another dollar. In his desperation he turned to 
the men who were never appealed to in vain — the men who were at the 
front, bearing the life and hopes of the Nation upon their shining bayo- 
nets. We will let him tell the story of his success in his own words, 
contained in his annual report of Dec. 6, 1864 : 

"The prospect of negotiating a loan in the ordinary way was by no 
means flattering, as the notice for a loan of $33,000,000, advertised on the 
25th day of June, had been withdrav/n on the 2d of July, the Secretary 
having reason to believe that such loan would not be taken on terms which 
it would be for the interest of the Government to accept. 

"Under these circumstances, the Secretary thought it advisable, in 
order to meet pressing emergencies, to borrow upon bonds or notes au- 
thorized by the various acts referred to $50,000,000 of the banks in the 
cities of New York, Philadelphia and Boston, and met the representa- 
tives of a large number of these institutions in New York for the purpose 
of effecting that object. The result proved, however, that, notwithstand- 
ing a professed, and, as the Secretary was convinced, a real desire to aid 
the Government, these institutions were not able to furnish the assistance 
required upon terms which, under existing provisions of law, the Secre- 
tary felt authorized to accept. He had then no other alternative than to 
issue legal-tender notes to a very large amount, or again to advertise for 
a loan, and he had no hesitation as to which course should be adopted. 
Accordingly, on the 25th of July, he issued proposals for a National loan, 
under the act of June 30. 1864, upon notes payable in three years, with 
semi-annual interest at seven-three-tenths per cent, per annum in law- 



354 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

ful money. He incurred a considerable expense in advertising this loan, 
believing that it should be as widely diffused and as generally understood 
as possible, and offered liberal inducements to stimulate the efiforts of 
corporations and individuals to dispose of the notes. His success, though 
not what he had hoped for or anticipated, has been such as not to di- 
minish his confidence in the disposition and ability of the people to re- 
lieve the wants of their government. * * * . 

"Failing to raise the means required in the ordinary mode, and urged 
by the conviction that the large amount of suspended requisitions, swol- 
len to more than $130,000,000, should be reduced, the Secretary resolved 
to use all the means at his command to pay so much at least as was due 
to our brave soldiers, who were suffering from the long delay in satis- 
fying their just claims, but still continuing to serve their country with 
unflinching courage and uncomplaining devotion. To effect this object 
he was compelled to replace the whole amount of five per cent, notes 
which had been cancelled, amounting to more than $80,000,000, and even 
slightly to exceed that sum. More fully to accomplish his purpose, 
the Secretary resolved to avail himself of a wish expresed by many offi- 
cers and soldiers, through the Paymasters, and offered to such as desired 
to receive them seven-thirty notes of small denominations. He was grati- 
fied to find these notes were readily taken in payment to a large amount, 
our gallant soldiers, in many instances, not only receiving them with alac- 
rity, but expressing their satisfaction at being able to aid their country 
by loaning money to the Government. The whole amount of notes thus 
disposed of exceeded $20,000,000; and the Secretary has great satisfac- 
tion in stating his belief that the disposal thus made was not only a relief 
to the Treasury, but proved a benefit to the recipients, in affording them a 
safe and valuable investment and an easy mode of transmitting funds to 
their families." 

What a chapter of history this is. How eloquent of the difference 
between the men who staid at home and grew rich out of the country's 
misfortunes, and the men who were pouring out their heart's blood to rescue 
the Nation from destruction ! Though rolling in wealth, amassed through 
the war. not another dollar would the money-lenders lend, though they 
were offered 15 per cent, per annum. They would rather see the Nation 
perish. But the men who fought with Grant through the appalling 
slaughter of the Wilderness, who were daily braving the murderous fire 
of the sheltered enemy, who marched with Sherman through three months 
constant battling to the gates of Atlanta, were ready to lend all their scanty 
wages to the Government at less than half the rate of interest which had 
been vainly offered to the money-lenders. 

Had they who had so long borne the heat and burden of the battle 
shown the selfish, faint-heartedness of the money-lenders, the war would 
have ended in a disaster from which the country never could have recov- 
ered. Had they in August, 1864, said, "We are weary of this constant 
fighting and slaughter. We have done m.ore than ever soldiers were called 
upon to do before in the history of the world. We have endured more ap- 
palling losses than any army ever suffered. We have fought more san- 
guinary battles than any other history tells of. Out of every five of us 





COL. JOHN A. DAVIS 

Portrait taken while home after being 

wounded at Shiloh. 



MRS. A. D. WINSHIP 
widow of Col. John A. Davis. 





GEN. BENJ. DORNBLASER 

who commenced the History of the 

46th Regiment. 



MRS. BENJ. DORNBLASER 



PLATK XXX 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 355 

who started a few months ago on this campaign four are either dead or 
hopeless disabled by wounds or disease. It is useless to expect more of 
us. You must compromise." Had they said this, as well they might have 
done, the two billions of bonds then held by the money-lenders would have 
become as valueless as the Confederate bonds are ; the earnings of the peo- 
ple would have been swallowed up for generations by onerous taxes, and 
this country would not have one quarter of the billions of wealth it now 
boasts of. 

Yet the money-lenders have been paid nearly five billions in gold,. 
while the soldiers, who gained it all for them, have received less thaa 
one-third that amount in pensions ! 



BIOGRAPHY OF WORTHY WOMEN. 



In presenting in this work the photographs of the good mothers, all 
wives or mothers of members of the 46th Illinois Infantry, it is with a 
commendable pride to the author of this history, to say, they are all 
representative women of America, and all, in their humble homes, exert- 
ed an influence on the members of the regiment far reaching for the good 
they have done in word, act and influence. The four grand old heroines. 
All were called upon to make sacrifices during the conflict, sending their 
sons to the arm.y ; two of them having a son each killed at Shiloh. One a 
school mate and the other an intimate friend and comrade. In present- 
ing the photographs of the wives of our regimental commanders, it is that 
comrades yet living, may call to mind when these ladies visited their hus- 
bands at Camp Butler, just before our departure to the field of Donelson, 
and remember with what kindly feelings and courtesy the boys extended 
to them, as they accompanied the troops as far as Centralia, where good- 
byes were given, the soldiers going south and the ladies to their homes, 
north. Other ladies, wives and mothers, were also present. Mrs. Hughes, 
wife of Captain Hughes, Company H. ; Mrs. Musser, wife of Captain 
Musser, Company A; Mrs. DePuy, wife of Surgeon Elias DePuy; Mrs. 
Bradshaw, mother of Surgeon B. H. Bradshaw ; Mrs. Solomon, wife of 
Comrade Solomon, who assisted in the hospital. There may have been 
others, but as I have no record, cannot recall them. Most of these are 
yet living, the four whose pictures appear, range in age, 90, 93, 97 and 100 
past. These are all now living. 



MRS. COL. DAVIS-WINSHIP. 



Amy Springer was born in Franklin county. New York, and at an 
early time came to Stephenson county, Illinois, in company with her pa- 



356 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

rents and settled in Rock Run Township, where in 1849, she marri&d 
John A. Davis, and located near the village of Davis. Mrs. Davis, some- 
years after the death of Col. Davis, married Mr. Winship, who died at 
Racine in 1905. At the present time her home is with her children, Dr. 
J. J. Davis, and her married daughter, Mrs. Wooster, who lives at Ra- 
cine, Wisconsin. 

Mrs. Winship is a prominent member of the W. C. T U. and an ad- 
vocate of Woman Suffrage, is also a member of the W'omans Relief Corps 
and an attendant at divine worship. 

Her sacrifices during the civil war and struggle in life to educate her 
children after the death of Co. John A. Davis, were many. He(r de- 
votion to the cause of the Union was manifested on all occasions during 
the great struggle of the Civil war. Her activity during the dark day, 
was marked with a devotion that will ever class her with the true and 
self sacrificing women of the Union. 



MRS. SARAH HOWELL-HIGHT. 



Sarah Howell was born July 23rd, 1813, in Chester Township, Mor- 
ris county. New Jersey. In 1838 she was married to Cornelius R. Hight, 
at Manchbunk, Pennsylvania. They moved from New Jersey in 1848, 
coming direct to Geneva, 111., and afterward moved to Aurora, where her 
husband died, since which time she made her home with her daughter, 
Mrs. Whitaker, of Elgin, 111. She was converted, and in 1838 joined the 
Methodist church, of which she has been a faithful member ever since. 
She is the mother of ten children, two sons serving in the 46th Illinois 
Infantry. William H. was 2d Lieutenant of Company I, and was killed 
at Shiloh, in the battle Sunday, April 6, 1862 ; John R., is yet living at 
Batavia, 111. Mrs. Hight is quite active in body and mind, and is one of 
those noble, lovable characters, enjoying the company of her many friends 
who visit her. 



MRS. BENJ. DORNBLASER. 



Miss Sarah Moore Foster, daughter of Thomas and Margaret La- 
■sliells Foster, was born January 9, 1832, in Union county, Pennsylvania, 
being the eldest of eight children, all living but one. With her parents she 
came to Stephenson county, Illinois, in 1843, settling on a farm in what is 
now called Loran township. Miss Foster was educated in the common 
schools, and married Benjamin Dornblaser Dec. 30, 1852. To this union 
;six children were born, all living but one. The first five years of married 







^f\^ 


^ .^^^m 







MRS. HARRIET WINTERS 
age 100 years. 



MRS. MARIE CLINGMAN 
age 98 years. 





MBS. KEMPER MRS. SARAH HIGHT 

age 90 years, mother of Capt. Kemper, age 93 years, mother of Lieut. Wm. H. 

Company A. Howell-Hight. 



PLATE XXXI 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 357 

life were spent on a farm in Rock Run township ; then she moved into 
the village of Dakota, residing there until the close of the war, when she 
went to Freeport for a short time. Also lived in Joliet and Assumption, 
111. From the latter place came to Fredonia, Kas., thirty years ago, 
where she always expects to make her home. In Illinois her church home 
was Presbyterian, and in Kansas it is the Congregational. For a number 
of years was a member of the W. R. C. and Eastern Star. 

Her parents families were connected with some of the past wars. Her 
mother's father, "George Lashells," was a soldier of the revolutionary 
war, was at the battle of Monmouth, which was fought on the 28th day 
of June, 1778, under command of General Washington. He was 22 years 
old when in that severe conflict. 



GRANDMA KEMPER 

of Morill, Kansas, and mother of Adam Kemper of Company A, 46th 

Illinois Infantry. 

Grandma Kemper was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
January 16th, 1817. She was married to Isaac Kemper at the age of 19, 
and about that time accepted Christ as her Savior. In 1885 Mr. Kemper 
and family moved to Stephenson County, 111.; where they lived 38 years, or 
until death removed Grandpa Kemper, since which time Grandma has 
made her home with her daughters. She came to Morrill about one 
}^ear ago, since which time she has resided with Mrs. Jacob Hahn. She 
is one of a family of twelve children and for activity, industry and lon- 
gevity they are a remarkable family, the average age of eight at present 
time being about 85 years. Grandma has not lost all of the character- 
istics of youth, but still remains active and ambitious, and plies the needle 
with more industry and more deftly than many who are younger. This 
employment, and reading, with her cheerful disposition and Christian 
spirit, are a source of comfort and joy to her in her advanced age. 



MRS. MARIA CLINGMAN, 98 YEARS OF AGE. 



Maria Simpson was born Dec. 12, 1809, near Portsmouth, in Sciota 
County, Ohio. She was married Nov. 25, 1830, to Josiah Clingman. In 
1835 they moved to Putman County, Illinois, and in 1836 to LaSalle 
County, Illinois. On April 22, 1836, they came to Stephenson County, 
and located a mile north of the village of Cedarville, 111., and erected a 
log cabin and opened up a farm. She was the mother of ten children, 



358 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

three of them being in the Civil War. Jason, in the 11th Illinois Infantry, 
Thomas and William in Company A., 46th Illinois Infantry. Thomas was 
wounded at Shiloh, and died from the effects of his wound. She also had 
three grandsons in the Spanish-American war. Mrs. Clingman was a 
member of the M. E. Church and was one of the early charter members 
of the organization at Cedarville, and is at present time one of its honored 
and respected communicants, having been a faithful and constant atten- 
dant for seventy years. She is now in good health and is pleased to en- 
tertain her many friends, who call to see her. 



HARRIET STANTON WINTERS. 



Harriet Stanton Winters, mother of Comrade Darius Winters, was 
born in Rome, Oneida County, New York, on December 10, 1806. She 
is still living, making her home with her son, Darius, in Almira, Wash., 
having celebrated her one hundredth birthday on December 10, 1906. She 
still preserves her faculties to a remarkable degree for one of her extreme 
age. 

She has witnessed wonderful changes in her life. She was bom 
when Thomas Jefferson was president of the United States, and has lived 
under the administration of every President except the first two. Her 
grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary army, and her father serv- 
ed in the war of 1812. She still remembers vividly many incidents con- 
nected with the was of 1812. Mrs. Winters was left an orphan in 1822, 
without brothers or sisters. In the same year, at the age of 16, she was 
converted and united with the Baptist Church, in which church she has 
been a consistent member for 85 years. At the age of 22 she was married 
to Jacob Winters, in Yates County, New York. About eight years after 
their marriage, they moved to Ohio, where they lived ten years and then 
removed to Illinois. Here her husband purchased a farm in Florence 
Township, in 1850, which farm was the home of Mrs. Winters and her 
son Darius for 53 years, and here her husband died in 1878, at the age 
of 76. 

Mrs. Winters was the mother of 12 children, only four of whom lived 
to maturity, and only one survives, Darius, who was a member of the 
46th Illinois, for three years of service. 

When the war broke out, this daughter of the Revolution could not 
withhold her own, but sent her oldest son, Darius, to aid in the preser- 
vation of the Union. She made, with her own hands, a flag, her two sons 
erected a pole, and Old Glory floated over a loyal and beautiful home 
throughout the war. The children, who remained at home, passed away 
one by one, and when Darius returned at the end of the war, only his 
father and mother were left to keep the old flag flying. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



359 



At a time when most aged people have lost all interest in life, at the 
age of 97 years, Mrs. Winters was strong enough to make the trip across 
the continent, and accompanied her son to the state of Washington. 
There in her home in Almira, she waits the hour when the Lord, whom 
she has served so many years, shall call her to meet all the dear ones, 
who have preceded her to the Fathers Home. Though well cared for by 
the love of son and grandchildren, yet she eagerly looks forward to the 
joys of blessed reunion with those whom she has "loved and lost the 
while." 



MEMORIAL DAY SERVICES. SUNDAY, MAY 20. 1907. 



COL. JOHN A. DAVIS. 



Dedication of the Guest Chamber at the Abraham Lincoln Center, Corner 
Oakwood Blvd. and Langley Ave., Chicago. 



JENKINS LLOYD JONES, MINISTER. 




May this GUEST ROOM keep in memory 

JOHN A. DAVIS, Colonel 46th IllinoisVolunteers 

Who died that the Union might stand 

And that the Slave might be Free. 



A Friend of Lincoln. 



The United States has contributed two Holy days to the calendar of 
the Church Universal. One is Thanksgiving Day, dedicated to the sanc- 
tities of the fireside, the real proclamation of which emanates from the 
grandmother of her representative. The other is Decoration Day, a ten- 
der memorial of heroism, a day devoted to the higher home circle, the 
life of the nation, the profounder consecrations of true patriotism. 

The service of All Souls Church at the Lincoln Centre last Sunday 
gave special emphasis to the commemoration of one brave man, a local 
hero, one who was a worthy type of that high soldiery which was in- 



360 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

spired by thought and armed with the high purposes of freedom. The 
"John Davis Guest Chamber" is a title self-explanatory, the Guest Room 
of the Abraham Lincoln Centre, to the shelter of which many conspicu- 
ous friends of humanity and loves of truth have already been welcomed, 
has been furnished and endowed by the widow of the gallant Colonel, 
whose life was commemorated last Sunday in the presence of a large 
audience touched into thoughtful tenderness. The widow, his two child- 
ren and John Davis III were in the audience. Two or three surviving 
members of the old Forty-sixth came a long distance in order to be pre- 
sent. Lieut. Thomas B. Jones, historian of the regiment, came from his 
home in central Iowa to find a seat among the celebrants. On the plat- 
form was an oil painting of the Colonel, executed for the room by Mr. 
Timmins, of the Chicago Art Institute, a remarkably successful portrait, 
considering that the artist had but a faded old army photograph of the 
wounded man to go by. The platform was draped in flags, conspicuous 
among which was the white-bordered banner from the top of an old 
exhausted cannon shell taken from a Cuban battlefield. 

After the service a large number of the audience visited the Guest 
Room and saw the picture installed in its permanent abiding place, and 
thirty or more of the old boys and their friends sat down to a dinner of 
baked beans, ham and coffee in the Refreshment Room on the fourth 
floor. 

After an organ prelude of national airs and a bugle prelude played 
by George D. Ihling, Chief Trumpeter, First Infantry, I. N. G., con- 
sisting of the "Revielle" and "Assembly," the audience rose and sang 
"America," and the following poem written by Mrs. Frank Leland during 
the days of the dark bereavement, was read : 

DEATH OF COLONEL DAVIS. 



Move softly, O numbers, a hero has fallen ! 

Move soft o'er the name of the true and the brave, 
A freeman who nobly went forth to the battle, 

Whose country but gave him a warrior's grave. 

O Goddess ! whose crown is all starry with splendor, 

Whose eye looks aloft on the eagle we prize. 
Whose feet hold beneath them the strain of our banner. 

That now on the skirts of our freedom low lies ; 

What more would you ask to appease your proud anger, 

Than lives of the bravest e'er loyalty knew? 
Pray Heaven to rescue our homes ere the loyal 

Have spent all their tears for the good and the true. 

Then came responsive readings, prayer, scripture and singing of 
"Stainless soldier on the walls !" 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 361 

After which Gen. Smith D. Atkins, of Freeport, 111., was introduced 
as the man in Illinois who was most conversant with the soldier lore of 
the state, a friend, neighbor and intimate comrade of Colonel Davis, who 
spoke as follows : 

It affords me great pleasure to be present on this interesting occa- 
sion, and join with you in dedicating this Guest Chamber in memory of 
John A. Davis, one of God's noblemen, an honest man. 

I knew him well. When he was a candidate for the legislature in 
1860, almost half a century ago, I was one of the speakers at a Republican 
meeting with him at Van Brocklin's School House, in Stephenson County. 
From that time until he gave his life to his country, I was intimate with 
him, and loved and admired him. In the special session of the Illinois 
legislature in 1861 he ably seconded the patriotic efforts of Governor 
Richard Yates, the Elder, the War Governor of Illinois, in putting into 
the field the first volunteer soldiers of Illinois in the great Civil War. 

I enlisted in the first Company raised in Freeport, in April, 1861, in 
the three month's service, and went to the front. In July of that year 
when the term of first enlistment expired I re-enlisted with the majority 
of my Company A, 11th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 'for three years, and 
in that month I returned to Stephenson County to fill up my Company 
with new enlistments, and at one meeting held for that purpose, at Davis, 
in Stephenson County, John A. Davis was one of the speakers. After the 
meeting I took the train for Freeport, and John A. Davis was on the 
same train to ride to Rock City Station, and he earnestly said to me, "At- 
kins, is it necessary for men like me, with a wife and family to support, 
to enlist in this war?" I replied in substance, "Yes, John, it is. It is 
going to be a great war, and will require all the resources of the nation. 
I know that you will enlist, you will become a soldier, you cannot help 
doing it; all you can do is to determine the time of your enlistment. If 
you go now you can take with you half a dozen Companies from Steph- 
enson County, and lead a regiment. No other man in Stephenson County 
could do that. You can do it, and you ought to do it." We had some 
further conversation, and when the train reached Rock City, and he left 
the cars and bid me good-bye, he said, while still holding my hand, "At- 
kins, what you have said has made a deep impression upon my mind — it 
may be my duty, and I may go now." He did enlist, and, as soon as it 
was known that John A. Davis had enlisted as a soldier, the young men 
of Stephenson County flocked to his standard and full five Companies 
were soon enlisted in that one County, and the 46th Illinois Infantry was 
organized with John A. Davis as Colonel. 

During those exciting times in Stephenson County I was absent with 
my Company and Regiment at Bird's Point, Missouri, and I did not meet 
him again until on the battlefield of Fort Donelson while hastening with 



362 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

my Company and Regiment to the right of the line investing that fort, 
I passed the 46th Illinois Volunteers that had just reached the field and 
was waiting for a proper assignment in the line of battle, but had time 
only for a hasty hand-shake with my old friend. My Company and Reg- 
iment were in the Brigade commanded by Col. William H. L. Wallace, 
of Illinois, and the 46th Regiment was in the command of Lew Wallace 
of Indiana. That battle was the first baptism of fire of the 46th Illinois, 
and the gallant Colonel and his gallant Regiment did splendid service 
in helping to gain the first great victory under Grant in the Western 
Army. 

After the battle of Fort Donelson I was assigned to duty as the Act- 
ing Assistant Adjutant General of the 4th Division of the Army of the 
Tennessee, Brigadier General Stephen A. Hurlbut, Commander, and Col. 
Davis, with his regiment was attached to a Brigade of that Division, and 
I had an opportunity to renew my association with him. In the battle 
of Shiloh, in April, 1862, while gallantly leading his Regiment. Col. Davis 
received a terrible wound, a minie ball striking him on the right breast, 
passing through his lung, and out through his shoulder blade. That was 
an awful battle and Col. Davis bore well his part in it. My old Colonel, 
William H. L. Wallace, of the Uth Illinois Volunteers, who was pro- 
moted to Brigadier General after the battle of Fort Donelson, and who 
commanded a Division in the battle of Shiloh, was killed, and so was my 
friend, Capt. Silas Wright Field, who was promoted to Captain of my 
old Company when I was promoted to Major. After the battle of Shiloh 
while Col. Davis was on a steamer at the landing preparatory to going 
to the hospital at Mound City, he sent for me, and I hastened quickly to 
him, finding him in the texas of the steamboat, and at his request and dic- 
tation I wrote for him his official report of that battle. Often I climbed 
upon the berth he occupied and lifted him up so the blood could gush out of 
his wound. When I finished writing his report and bid him good-bye, 
I never expected to see him alive again, for I thought his wound mortal. 

Months passed away. Owing to ill health I left the front and in the 
Summer of 1862, when our good President "Father Abraham" called for 
"Six hundred thousand more" volunteers. I acted as recruiting officer in 
the Congressional District in Northern Illinois at that time represented in 
Congress by Hon. Elihu B. Washburne, and put into camp at Rockford, 
Illinois, forty-four companies of volunteers, and in that camp I was a can- 
didate for Colonel. Col. John A. Davis was still suffering from his ter- 
rible wound that he received at the battle of Shiloh, confined to his bed 
on his farm twenty miles northwest of Rockford, when he heard a rumor 
that I was to be defeated as a candidate for colonel, and ordering feather 
beds put into the old family carriage he hastened to Rockford. Word 
came to me that Col. Davis was at the Holland House, and wanted to vsee 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 363 

me, and I hastened to the city and hotel, and found him lying on the bed 
in my room, and he told me that when he heard they were trying to beat 
me for Colonel he could not stand it, and resolved to come at once to 
Rockford if it cost him his life. That is the kind of friendship Col. Da- 
vis had for me. I showed him the telegram from Governor Yates nam- 
ing the Companies that were to be mustered into service under me as Col- 
onel, showing that I could not be defeated, and Col. Davis was carried 
out of the hotel, and placed on the feather beds in his family carriage, and 
returned to his farm. 

I never saw him again. With my regiment, the 92nd Illinois, I went 
into the Army of the Cumberland, while his regiment remained in the 
Army of the Tennessee. 

The terrible wound he had received at the battle of Shiloh made his 
good right arm useless, but he learned to write with his left hand, and as 
soon as he was able to sit on his horse, he returned to his regiment at the 
front, and while leading his men in a charge at the battle of Matamora, 
Tennessee, October 5, 1862, he was again wounded, and five days later, 
at Bolivar, Tennessee, his noble spirit fled from its tenement of clay, and 
one of the noblest men, one of the most gallant soldiers who followed the 
flag in those awful days, lay dead. 

All who knew him will cherish his memory tenderly, and his country 
for which he gave his life, ought to build him a monument of gold. But, 
after all, he was only one among the many who died that liberty and coun- 
try might live. The sweetest of Irish poets wrote: 

"Blood like this 
For Liberty shed, so holy is 
It would not stain the purest rill 
That sparkles 'mid the bowers of bliss. 
O, if there be on this earthly sphere 
A boon — an offering — heaven holds dear, 
'Tis the last libation Liberty draws 
From the heart that bleeds and breaks in her cause." 

War is terrbile. Said General Sherman in his correspondence with 
the Mayor of Atlanta, in 1864, "War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it." 
"Peace with honor" should be the watchword with every civilized nation. 
"Let us have peace," said General Grant. He was the greatest soldier 
of the century in which he lived, and like all great soldiers, he loved peace. 
It was said by a great soldier : "The only valid excuse for any war is 
to conquer an honorable peace." Peace is always the object, the aim, 
of every just war. 

Will wars ever end in the world? Yes, if the time ever comes in this 
world when right and justice are supreme, when there is no wrong in the 
world to be righted, then wars will end, and there will be no longer any 
wars m the world. But that time is not yet. "We tread the paths our 



364 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

fathers trod," the same ceaseless round, the never ending circle of human 
ambition, "the everlasting to be which hath been" ; always it has been true, 
always it will be true, that "rainbows of glory bending above battle fields 
are reflected from the sad tears of widows and orphans." 

At one time I thought that wars were at an end in the world. That was 
more than half a century ago. I was a boy then. At that time there was 
being held in Europe a great World's Peace Convention, as there will 
soon be held one at The Hague, participated in by representatives of al- 
most all civilized nations, the leading thinkers and philanthropists of the 
world, then as now, for peace in the world was then, as now, the object of 
the learned and educated, and the thoughtful and humane of all nations. 
To avoid war, with all its horrors, has for many years been the hopeful 
dream of the wisest statesmen in the world. I was then a student at Rock 
River Seminary, in Mt. Morris, in Ogle county. One day I picked up on 
the street a little torn and crumbled piece of newspaper, and all that I 
found printed on it was, 

"When the drums shall cease their beating. 

And the war-flag shall be furled, 
In the parliament of nations. 

The federation of the World." 

All was profound peace at that time, and I believed that the age of 
reason had arrived, and that brain, not brawn, was to rule in the counsels 
of nations. But the drums do not cease their beating, and the warflags 
are not furled, or, if they are, they do not remain furled for any very great 
length of time. Within my recollection some of the greatest wars that 
ever rocked the nations have taken place ; the Crimean War between Rus- 
sia and Turkey ; the Civil War in America ; the Franco-Prussian War ; the 
Spanish-American War, light if measured by the actual loss of life, but 
tremendous in its results, taking from Spain all of her colonial posses- 
sions in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and transferring to America a 
vast empire in the Pacific eight thousand miles from our western coast, 
peopled by a strange race, different in color and language from our own 
people, throwing upon us the "White Man's Burden" as Kipling v.rote, 
one to be long borne, and the final ending of which no man is wise enough 
to foretell ; and the tremendous war between Russia and Japan, so re 
cently ended by the rough rider who is now the President of the great 
Republic, resulting surely in making a world-power of Japan, a new de- 
velopment among the Oriental nations, that many predict will within the 
lifetime of those now living measure strength with the people of this 
nation. At this very hour on the Continent of Europe more than a million 
of armed men stand ready at the clicking of a telegraphic instrument to 
spring at each other's throats. How would it be possible for me, in view 
of what has happened within my own memory, to predict that wars are 




1st LIEUT. T. B. JONES 
66 years, Historian 46th Regiment. 




GEN. SMITH D. ATKINS 



FRED. C. HELD 

Private Co. C, Sec'y of the Reunion 

Association, 1882 — 1905. 



PLATE XXXU 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 365 

at an end in the world? We may hope for peace in the world, but he 
would be a bold man indeed who would confidently predict it. In my 
opinion the safe way, and the only way, for the United States to maintain 
peace, is to be at all times ready for instant war, never demanding any- 
thing but simple justice, and never submitting to anything different from 
that. 

Nations dealing with each other are, in some respects, like individuals 
dealing with each other. If 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 'or a greater number of individuals 
have difficulties that they cannot settle, they may agree to a peaceful arbi- 
tration, and meet together, and may possible come to an agreement among 
themselves. That is what The Hague Tribunal is for. Nations meet to- 
gether at The Hague and try to settle their difficulties without an appeal 
to the awful arbitrament of the sword. But, suppose that individuals so 
meeting together to settle their difficulties can come to no agreement 
among themselves, then they appeal to the courts to settle for them the 
difficulties they cannot themselves settle. The courts will call juries, take 
testimony as to the questions of fact, and apply the law to the facts as 
found by juries, and issue its judgment or decree. The courts have power 
to enforce their decrees or judgments, and individuals must submit. But 
there is no court among nations with power to enforce its decrees. If the 
nations meet at The Hague and fail to settle their difficulties there is no 
court to which they can appeal to settle their difficulties for them. They 
must appeal to the sword. "Might makes right," among nations. It has 
been so in all the world's history, and it is so now. 

Andrew Carnegie proposes that the most powerful nations, the United 
States, England, Germany, France, Spain, Russia, Japan, and all powerful 
nations, enter into an agreement to execute the judgments of The Hague 
against any nation that refuses to submit — say that England refuses to 
submit, then all the world shall be banded together to compel England 
to submit, all the world being powerful enough to compel submission by 
the power of the sword. War is to be avoided by war. No such agree- 
ment has ever been entered into, and no man can now say that such an 
agreement ever will be entered into. 

As enormous as was the cost of the Civil War in America in life and 
treasure it was well worth it all, and more. This nation is now at peace, 
a united nation in every part, more just, more prosperous, more happy, 
with a brighter future because of that war. That peace will be ours in all 
the future I dare hope, but I dare not predict. Justice and right is worth 
more than peace to any nation. 

True faith and allegiance are due from every citizen in every country. 
Individual judgment must always give way to the judgment of all. The 
citizen who opposes his country in time of war is a traitor. Patriotism 
demands and enforces obedience upon all citizens of every country in war 



366 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

as in peace. Many years ago, at a public dinner at Norfolk, Virginia. 
Commodore Stephen Decatur, after replying to the regulation toast, "The 
President of the United States," ended his speech by giving a sentiment 
himself, as was then the custom, in which Commodore Decatur said : "My 
Country, may she always be right — but right or wrong, my Country." 
That sentiment embodies true American patriotism. No individual Amer- 
ican, who is a true patriot, will hesitate or inquire into the particulars of 
a war in which his country is engaged, but so long as the flag of his coun- 
try floats, the most beautiful thing there is upon the earth or in the sky. he 
will be for his country, in war and in peace. 

Such a soldier was Colonel John A. Davis, to whose memory this guest 
chamber is this day dedicated. We will not now argue the rightfulness of 
either side in the great Civil War in America. It was manfully fought out 
on both sides. We know that Liberty always rides forward on a powder 
qart, and in that war liberty rode forward on the red wave of battle, and 
by that war this nation was lifted over more than a thousand years of 
peaceful conquest. 

At the close of the General's remarks the bugle sounded Retreat. Tat- 
too and Taps. And Mr. Jones said : 

If my gray hairs should ever entitle me to an associate pastor, Jane 
Addams is already such an one by divine appointment. She is always wel- 
come to this platform in her own right, but today she is here in her re- 
presentative capacity. The bugle has just sounded Tattoo and Taps: this 
is the touching ritual of the army when gathered around a comrade's 
grave. The organizer of the "Addams Guard" was a neighbor of John 
Davis, co-worker with him in all the ciyic and martial strain of their 
pioneer life. Mr. Addams has long since joined his neighbor on the other 
side. Today he speaks to us through his daughter, Jane. 

Miss Addams spoke as follows : 

One of my childish recollections, almost all of them, are connected 
more or less with the name of Colonel Davis, and when Mr. Jones asked 
me to come here this morning in his name it was quite impossible for mt 
to refuse. 

I suppose all of the children who were born about the time of the 
Civil War have recollections quite unlike those of children who are living 
now. The first thing I distinctly remember was one day I found on our 
gateposts, the two white gateposts, two flags— one black and one red. 
Upon my eager inquiry as to what had happened, my father told me quite 
simply that the greatest man in the world had died, meaning, of course, 
Abraham Lincoln. I had never before seen my father cry; I had assumed, 
as all little children do, that men never cry, that only babies cry. The 
sight of the flags and the impressive statement stand out to me as my bap- 
tism, as it were, outside of the interest within that yard guarded by the 
white gate-posts. 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER IN FANTRY. 367 

I remember hanging in the hallway a roster of names headed by the 
words "Addams Guard," and we used to go over them again and again 
when we were children and could pile up enough dictionaries to reach the 
names, picking out those who had died in the war and those who had re- 
turned ; those whose children were known, and those whose brothers and 
sisters still lived in the county. And when drives were planned we would 
say, drive this way or that, so that we might pass the farm where such and 
such a one lived or where his mother was still living. If there were any 
flowers to be taken we would always go to the mother of those names 
whom we knew from the Addams Guard. 

I could go on with a dozen reminiscences that center about these early 
names and the Civil War. 

I remember on the occasion when we were allowed to take the family 
album (you know how it was always given to the children after their 
hands were washed and they were properly seated on a footstool) we 
would always open the first page of the album to the picture of Colonel 
Davis. The ceremony seemed to us very solemn, and we would tell each 
other about the great man, who stood to us for the heroic type, the local 
hero, the man who at the head of his regiment had suffered wounds unto 
death. 

I remember again the little picture on the wall, the picture of Colonel 
Davis ; and when a guest would come who was interested in the roster in 
the hallway, he was always led by the eager children to this picture, that 
he might see the Colonel of that regiment. 

These may seem very simple and feeble reminiscences, and yet at a 
time like this it seems impossible to do more than to stand up as a type of 
the children of that generation who cared so much for the things that 
were happening then — things which they did not understand, although they 
did understand the heroic side. They understood, perhaps better thah 
their elders, in that simplicity which is given to the vmderstanding of a 
child, the underlying heroism which was there. 

General Atkins, I am sure, will pardon me for speaking of it — how his 
coming to the house in those days, and that of "Uncle" Dick Oglesby, were 
always days when we were stirred into the same feeling ; we were touch- 
ing the heroic of the world, touching the great, touching the people who 
were outside of the village life which surrounded us through all the other 
days. 

If this room, which is dedicated to the name of this brave man, may 
suggest to little children, to the growing youth who is ever so eager to 
make the world a theater for heroic things and deeds, if it may stir in 
some of the older people who are beginning to doubt that the world is 
such a place and to consider it only the place for ordinary things ; if this 
room and this name shall accomplish on a larger and a more enduring 



368 HISTORY OF FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT 

scale that which the simple photographs, the simple types produced in the 
memory of a little group of children so long ago, I want to congratulate 
this building for embodying in itself one more noble memory, for standing 
out as it does in its public name for men who were great because they were 
good, and who followed their convictions whither they led them. 

Following Miss Addams' speech, Mr. Jones said: 

The children of our Sunday-school have a little song, written for 
them, which they love to sing and which I love to hear. It carries a fit- 
ting message to us at this memorial hour and is representative of the new 
patriotism and the rising generations which have their Shilohs and their 
Corinth s yet to face. 

The members of the Sunday school rose and sang the following, the 
congregation joining in the chorus : 

LINCOLN SOLDIERS. 

Lincoln soldiers were our fathers, in the name of Liberty, 
As Christ died to make mien holy, so they died to make men free; 
We would live to make men noble, and would dwell in unity, 
As we go marching on. 
Glory, glory, hallelujah, etc. 

Lincoln soldiers were our fathers, Lincoln soldiers would we be, 
We would live for Right and Justice as they died for Liberty, 
We would rim with white the banner that they flung above the free, 
As youth goes marching on. 
Chorus. 

We would learn today's new duties from each fresh occasion's plea, 
We would lift our weaker brother with our love, where'er he be; 
We would hush the mouths of cannons in all lands and on the sea. 
As peace goes marching on. 
Chorus. 

Lincoln soldiers marching onward in the noontide's golden glow. 
We would pluck the wayside thistle and would lay its proud head low; 
We would plant a flower wherever there is soil for flower to grow, 
As love goes marching on. 
Chorus. 

Mr. Jones said : 

I find myself in the same frame of mind as George Eliot, "hating war 
but admiring the discipline connected therewith." When the human heart 
ceases to admire heroism and to love a hero, it will cease to be human. 
Alas for the nation that forgets its annals of bravery. 

It will be forty-five years come the tenth day of October next, since 
John Davis breathed his last in a field hospital at Bolivar, Tenn. More 
than a generation of life, as measured by averages, has come and gone. 
Children have been born, nurtured at home firesides, trained in school 
room^, have played on village greens, have loved, wooed, wedded, reared 
homes and consecrated firesides with joys and sorrows, punctuated the 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



journey of life with kisses and tears, and closed their eyes in death since 
John A. Davis passed away. And still, we are here today to speak his 
name with tenderness and reverence and to permanently associate it with 
this temple, devoted to peace, to civic righteousness, to the study and 
practice of the weapons of love and reason. 

Why do we do this? With what spell did John Davis touch the 
generation into gratitude? With what high strategy did he defy time, 
flank oblivion itself, and secure for himself a place among the immortals, a 
memory that will be kept perpetually green, even in this great, rushing, 
wild, mad, metropolis of business. 

During these forty-five years captains of industry have won their 
high success, amassed their fortunes, and have gone down into forgetful- 
ness. During these forty-five years men honored in the schools, eminent 
in the professions, successful at political hustings, have lived and