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roREiGN UKiTcns ; 

BY ir.E REV. 


VOL. I. 

Pj»nte» ay John BARLo\r, No. 1^, Bolton-street- 

f I? u s f e ?i s 91 


^]i. <i iio6r<t \o^joih-b\xlix fid b;i>(c 
o jtjotucfo ■o'u5-o^djl? biixnzdmU ccjgcjijcle-. 


ttti ) 6lljOe 

?CjJ» T14 cup ] cclo 1 TnB,^)le ^^dcl)<ir, le Se^f? 
L^ufij^, N. 26, ;) Sjiup Bholro)n; j-^n 




A U T H O R. 


rRANSITORY and perishable are the fame aiul 
ho\)ours of this world ; many a genius of ami- 
quity, whose works have survived the recollection 
of his name; many, whose glorious fame is now 
buried in oblivion ; and althongli the Author of the 
Work here presented to the Irish nation, spent a 
great part of a toilsome and laborious life in eluci- 
dating and recording the history and genealogies 
of his countr\'men, yet few, indeed, and cattered 
are the memorials at present existing, respectintc 
himself, even amongst those of the same name and 
the immediate descendants of his family, still 
residing in that part of the country in which he 
was born. The reader is iherelbre entreated can- 
didly to accept of the following sketch, chiefly 
lakch ti'om a lite ol' our Author, which the translator 
some i'ew ago had drawn up in Gaelic for hjs 
own use. 

Geoflrey Keating was born in the reign of queen 
Elizabeth, about the year of our Lord 1570, near 
u small village called Burgess, ten miles to the south- 
west of Clonmell, in the county of Tipperary, 

A ^ His 



His ancestors by the father's side were, as he 
himself informs us in llie preface to tliis Work, 
of old Norman extraction. Our Irish heralds say 
that the Keatings were original!}- a branch of the 
Kildare family, two of whom haviiiu- landed near 
Feathard, in the county of Wexford, before th.e 
other Anglo-Norman invaders, explored the conn- 
try aroinid, and lighted a fire as a signal for the 
rest to disembark: {ov Keating, saythry, is the same 
as C^txXi c:)T)e- (ctad tinnc) which, in the Irish 
language, signifies \\\^ first fire. It is further added, 
that while the two invaders were kindling the fire, 
a wild boar rushed out of a neighbouring thicket, 
and would inevitably have devoured them had he 
not been terrified by the fire. This occasioned 
them to assume for their arms a boar rushing out 
of a brake. 

But before this derivation be admitted, we mu>t 
allow that the invaders, whose names are all Nor- 
man, spoke the Irish language, an o})inion by no 
means probable, Perha})s the family's founder 
may have been named Etiemie hy the Normans ; 
Fitstephens by the English, and by the Irish Mc. 
EtiemiCf or Cctiennc or Keating, by omitting tlic M, 
as was the case with respect to the Cannons, Codies, 
Kennies, &:c. oriii^inallv, naveven still in someparls 
of Ireland, called Mc. Cannons, Mc. Codies, Mac 
Kennies, &.c. with the word ]Sfac, in Irish lUctc 
(pronounced like mock,) a son, prefixed to each 

From some written documents of the twelfth cen- 
lury, it is evident that such olthe family as accom- 
panied the Anglo-Norman ex[)edition here, were 
(ailed Keting, Ke^tinge or Keating; for so maliy 
\ariousways the name was spelt. Thu^s we find 
Ilalis Keting was one of the subscribing witu'ssc-. 



ill a charter granted by Henry Do Montmorency, 
Lord De Marisco, to tlie Cistercian jS'lonliLs of Don- 
brody- Abbey, an edifice whose venerable ruins still 
arrest the traveller's attention, in the county of 
Wexford, nearly opposite the river Suire's confluence 
Avith the united streams of the Neore and Barrow, 
between Ross and Duncannon Fort. By this instru- 
ment it appears, that among many other immunities 
conferred by Marisco on the Abbey, he granted it 
also the privilege of being an asylum or sanctuary 
for the protection of malefactors, &c. It is dated 
so early as the year 1179, that is about ten years 
after Marisco's arrival there. And can it be sii})posed 
that those intelligent Monks would permit an\ 
adventitious nickname, deduced from a frivoloijs 
occurrence of a few years existence, and consequcntl^)- 
not yet fully established by common usage, to be 
annexed as a witness to their charter? This family's 
chief, in common with the other itivaders, soon ob- 
tained grants of extensive estates. The above Halis, 
or Haley Keting, got possession of Baldwinstou n, in 
the county of Wexford.* Other branches of them, 
perhaps his descendants, were proprietors of the 
estates of Kilcowan and TuUoghbardie, in the same 
county. From those sprang the various septs that 
afterwards spread themselves over the neighbouring 
parts of Leinster and Munster. 

In the turbulent reigns of Richard tlie 3d and 
Henry the 7th, some of the family distinguished 
themselves by their opposition to the English govern- 
ment. James Keting, Prior of Kilmainham, ren- 
dered himself peculiarly obnoxious in this particular. 
He usurped the government of Dublin Castle for 
many years : and on being accused of alienating the 
lands and sequestrating the property of his i)riory, 
had one Lumley appointed in his place; but Keating 
kept possession of Kihnainham, and cast Ltmdey into 

prison ; 

♦ Of the same house was baron Keating, of Kilmananane, Co. Wexford,, 
who was •ummoncd to parliament in •■ 36:. vid. Rot Berminjham Tur. 


prison ; notwithstanding liis cause being espouseil 
and himsi li" patronized by tlie then Archbishop ol 
Armagh, by the Principal:, ot" llie Order, and by 
the king of England. Keating after associating 
himseh' with Lords Kildare, Killeen and others, 
against the crown, was outlawed and exempted from 
tlie terms of the general amnest}', grantctd in 1482 
to Killeen and most of the rest ; because " he was 
the chief incendiary in instigating and abetting 
Lambert Simncll s reljellion." It was also provided 
b}- Act of Parhament that "none but an Enghsh- 
man should be ever after appointed prior of Kil- 

Of this stock there were many respcctal)Ie 
branches in the county Carlovv, at Cloonagh, &c. as 
also at BallymuUen, in the Queen's county. In 
this latter shire they must liave been formidable 
opposers to Queen Elizabeth's government, as in 
1591, "^ the whole sept of the Keatings in that county 
nas attainted." 

Narraghmore in the county of Kildare, celebrated 
for the c^it"0-lll]le- '{-\X]izer, " o)' hundred iJwusand 
tcdcomcs,'' of Irish hospitality by foreign tourists, this 
century past, is the family mai:ision of another brancli 
of the name. Maurice Keating, Esq. its present repre- 
sentative, is equally distinguished forsimilarvirtues. 

It was in the pounty of Tipperary, however, 
that this fainily was n)ost numerous, previously 
to Carew's presidency oyer Munster. The 
Nicholstown family survived that desolating era, for 
e\ en in the reign of Charles thr fjrst we find a daugii- 
ter of Richard Keating, Es(|. marricMl to a represen- 
tative of the ancient I'amily of the Walls of Coohu\- 
niuck, in the county M'aterford ; and two years 
art( r, in ]6.'J8, a daugh'er of John Krating ol" 
Ni(;liolsto"v\ n, allied to llie l^verard fan)ily, near 
Feu-thard. Robert Keating, usii:-dly stiled Baron 



Keating, was tlie representative of tliis house about 
the middle of the last century. He was son to John 
Keating, who in his youth embraced a military life, 
and died at Annapolis iji North America, in 1718. 

Of this family's other spreading branches, the 
most reputable, about the commencemeni of the l6th 
century, were those of Shanbally,* Llogliardan and 
Balh^mooney, in the same county ; and those of 
33allincholiigf in the county of Cork. M'ho were at 
that period equally distinguished for their virtues, as 
for their various alliances by marriage to the most 
respectable families in Munster and t.einster. 


*Michael Keating of Shaubally. Es(|. hail by Lord Dnnboynt-'s 
daughter, John, who was married to Miss Kearney of Cappagh, 
a cousin to Lord Ormond, by "horn he had issue, Mieliael, 
Maurice and Brvan, witli a daughter marrieil to Mr. Duller oi 
Kilcommon, grand son to the celebrated Sir TheobaUi Butic;-, 
and nephew to Lord C ahir. 

?.Iichael married Miss Burgh, sister to Lady Viscountess 
Ferrard, lived at Mellictnt in the county ot" Kddare, and was 
member of the Irish parliament till his death. Rev. Tohn \\ . 
Keating his son, is dean of St. Patrick's at present. 

Maurice Keating, Esq. married Miss Mandeviile of Ballydinc. 
This is a family mansion pleasantly situated on the lel't banksof 
the river Suir, nearly half-way between Clonmell and (.'airick- 
<in-Suir, of which with the extensive domain attached to it, the 
I\ have enjoyed an tmintcrrupted possession these t).'3t> 
years past. Their progenitor in this country was descended frtuii 
a Norman chieftain, who came to England with William the 
Conqueror. His eldest brother was among those patriotic barons 
who v-restcd the great charter of liberty iVom king John at 

Mr. Maurice Keating lived at Dnrrow in the county oi" Kil- 
kenny, and had by Miss Mandeviile muny children, of whom 
Miss Alicia was married to Edward Bushell, Esq. Miss l-llleu 
married first to Mr. Kellett, and u:)\\ to Hen. Young, of the C'ty 
ofDublin, Esq. Francis whodicd young; Michael isyetminiaiiicd 
in Dublin; and Bryan married to Mivs Keilly of You::!iall, 
.'/rand daughter to Robert Sheeli^'of BallinclioHigh, couiuv oi' 
(Jork, Es(j. 

t Bryan Keating the youngest of Jolin's sons, married the 
♦laughter of the above Roger Sheehy, and lelt issue Robert 
JShcehy Keating, V>n. tfie pres^n.' proprietor of BalJin-'GiioJiig, 


Vin LIFE OF Fill-: AL i nOE. 

of this memoir, whence he derived his iu.ormalion. 
he candidly acknowledixod that it was onlv from 
vague hearsay. The iraditioii, however, among ap;ed 
persons ai^out the ])Iace oi" \\\> nativity is, lliat li;^ 
studied in France. 1 his is inx'frai^ablv ascrrtained 
by a cotemporary, yet anonymous autiior, in 
an octa-io vohnue written ai;ainst Demj)sler, tlir 
Scottish kidnappt.-r of Irish saints, and entitled 
Hibermacsiveantiqniorls Scotlae viudiciac a(h'n\<;us 
immode.fam Pane /as in Tlioinae Dcinpstcri par G T\ 
or " A vindication ot" more ancient Scotia, or ireiand, 
against the shameless fuhrication of the saint-stealing 
Dem])slL'r.' "* I'he author oi' this work, who " with 
good reason" accorthng to the learned continnator 
ofAVart', " is snpposed to be I)a\id Kothe," the ca- 
tholic bishop of Kilkenny, a man even in arch- 
bishop Usher's opinion of uncommon < rudilion -, 
in enumeratinL^ tlic learned men of Ireland that 
then flourished, particularly mentions Doctor 
Keating as "an iii>linian of singular distinctic»n 
in literature, and as a Doctor of either 'riiouloMS' 

all extraneous obiecls for rendering' the Jiieuioiuliv e iuvnilic - 
more efficient, there were no wiiiilows tor the admission ol' Fight, 
but a candle was introduced at a seasonable tniie, as uccasiuii 
required. The students were discriminated into ria:jsesj accordijij; 
to the genius and progressive ini|)roven)ent of eat-h. To caeii 
class a theme \vas proposed w hicli wh; to be ready at a certain 
hour on the nextihu, brougiit in, read, commented on, rcciifieiF 
and submitted to the rigid examination of each of the bight r 
classes, till its merits were finally appreciated by tlie profess*, j-. 
and anothi-r suljject of greater dilli(uiry givLMi in return for mxt 
ni'dit's composition and contemplation; i' tlx; completion ol 
t\ni^ii severe exerci-es the students dined together ; iiere loo 
there was a display of youihlul talents, as they v\ere to sustain 
a poetical conversation during meals, or be altogether silent. 

On .S;iHn-da\ s and festival eves the students went let the ii>igh- 
bouring gentlem«'ns' seats, wliere they were cordially rcc<:ivftJ 
and hospitably entertained till they were summoned back to 
resume tiieir studies. Besides gratuitously entertaining the 
students during the vacations, ihenobdity and gentry considered 

thcni-:elvf s 

* This work \v;5 prjnt.d in octavo at Anlw rrp in \C^l. 


or of Bourdoaux. His words arc "■ inmnncri sunt 
alii ob singularein doctriiiam, in primis academical 
tmumerandi ex qiiibus aliqiios hie odjiciam qiialcs 
sunt; Ruber I US Barry, Geofridiis Ketiii, Mauritius 
Datcy, Peirus Bnllev, Sic. S'c. Burdegalenses et 
Tholosani Tlieologiae Doe/ores. Find. Ilib. page 
35 ; uliich iiiii)ort>i tliat " there are many other Irish- 
men equally illiistrious for their profound leaining^ 
and worthy of beini:^ ranked with the first acade- 
micians, such as Robert Barry, Geoffry KetiNG, 
Man. Daly, Peter Butler, &c. ike. Doctors of di- 
vinity, who obtained tlicir academic honors at the 
universities of Bourdcaux and Thoulouse." 

OntlieDoctor'sreturntohis native ccMmtry, about 
1 he year 16 10, he was sent on the mission to the parish 
of knockrafian, between Cashel and Cahir. Here 
he gave unequivocal proofs of his impartiality and 
ZQ?.\. In various parts of Ireland there are some 
time-ser\in'^ priests v.ho delay the piib-lic service 
on Simdays and festivals, as long as they can, 

B consistently 

tllcmsch'es (such liie moral iiiflr.encc of m:ui) perticularly 
obliged to send in all sorts of provisions to tho school, so that 
Uie profL'ssor was abundantly remunerated by perquisites as 
null as by landed property.* 

ill the country -schools of such partsof Munster and Connauglit 
as have not experienced the ill elrects of party faction, rack • 
rents or military la,\v, many vestiges of these customs still 
exist ; thus younrj men from eighteen to thirty years of aire 
resorted from Connaught, Leiiister, and the north-\vest<)f Ulster, 
a^uell as from the contiguous counties of Munster itself, to the 
rls-sical academy of a Nunan, a ^lacurten, a Don-^ghanCliariin, 
i.i the Gountv of Chve ; aCantlon, an O'Sullivan, and a IMnlhiii:, 
in the county of Cork, as \\e!i as to the matiiemutical schools 
eijually celebrated in tKe same districts. So numerous and s.) 
a!»le bodied indeed were the students of these acadeiuif-, tliat 
they often contended in hurling matches with wliole parishes, 
and were generally rrnvvned with victory. Though thry w; re 
usually branded with the appellation of poor scholars, they were 
bv no means such in reality. They were the sons of wealthy an;i 
respectable laraiers, who after learning the rudirnciUs of (>reek 

■^ Vide dUsertai'ou preHxcd lo Clanricl;ard'3 ^.'c;noV5, 


jsericms matters ; he afterwards, on many occasions, 
found himself at a great loss, as he had to negociate 
jbusiiipss of national iniportance \; ith gentlemen who 
\vere iar less intelligent in llu- English langnage than 
he was in the insli. On snch occasions he wonld 
use ihe same methods which he took with the titular 
bishop of Clogiier, ihe- great favorite of Owen 
O'Xeii, and successor to iha*: general in thecojumand 
of the Ulster forces. Tuis bishop he brought over 
to the king's interest, and gained his entire confidence 
by a con\ ersation carried on between boih y)arties in 
]>rivate. The Duke always spoke in English and 
the bishop i!i Irish, as neither understood the lan- 
guage of the other so as to \ enture upon communi- 
cating his sentiments in it with any degree of accu- 
racy or p'recision." 

'I'o hear one of the Dcctoi's sermons there came a 
lady whose maiden name was Lallan, then married to 
squire aSIocler, of Mocklerstown near KnockraiYan, 
an easy, good natured man. She, mtoxicated with 
the va n ]>raises lavished on her by designing de- 

iu n. '.vv io iij:ist!vr;liLu\\ iili Englisliinen, or such as studied in that 
cMuiitry. Since the ifl'oiination, it was also the policy, thoug haii 
>i!iivei>iiy was cstabiiMticti licie, to exchide all snch of the native 
Irish as ci.nionned noLtoth(;cstablislicdn;li<;ion, from all classical 
l^.irniii.,'atl)oin(;; itsvibiccftcitjreek, Latin aadHebrcw teachers to 
t!.c rigors of tlic penal la\vs. hi this |jredicann;nt the young 
jiiicst> oi irclaud were necessitated to complete their lollcgiate 
siiidi'js in the universities of ypain, France, Italy or (jcrmanv. 
> As fioin the i)eri!s and privations llie young clergyman was lo 
i:2uler^o for the Sj)iritiiai cfhhcation of his countrymen, he was 
i oMsidcred as tiie property of the public, consccpiently v\ lien 
initiaud into orciers, he was permitted to celebrate Mass in 
every }iart of the diocese; and be his parents ever so well able. 
[(> allurd hiiii pecuMiury aiil, ihe vj-rious congregations collrxted 
a sum of money to enai)le our young mi.-;sionary to go abroad and 
pro-ecute his theological studies. 'I'hc reader will I'eel the 
liecess;ty (>f the present digression, as thereby lie u ill be ma- 
b'ed to a;)preciale many customs still prevnilnig, ubirii to thr 
Mij.eificii.l tourists will appear barbarous, !^avai;e and inconsisl- 
em N. tb civilii^ilion. 


baucheeSj tbr her ])crsonal charms, excited such sus- 
picions among her censorious neighbours, as caused 
her to be the common topic of conversation in that 
part of the country. Tlie priest's discourse hap- 
pened to be on conjugal fidehty, and whether by 
accident or purposely, is immaterial, the eyes 
of the congregation were directed towards this lady 
during the sermon. This so irritated her that she, 
tliinking the clergyman pointed at her particularly, 
vowed vengeance against the preacher. Among 
her admirers was the earl, who was then lord presi- 
dent of Munster; he was at that time in Limenck, 
to him she hied and tendered her complaints against 
the devoted but innocent preacher so strongly that 
horse and foot were in motion to bring him in ; 
whereby the doctor necessitated to withdraw 
from the mission to av^oid the impending storm. 

To oppression or adversity we are indebted ibr the 
most celebrated literary proviuctions of ancient and 
modern times. Homer's indigence necessitated him 
to sing his immortal rha|; odies in detached poems ; 
what but the loss of his tarm roused the energies of 
the Mantuan bard ? Ovid s exile. Bacon's degra- 
dation and Raleigh's confmement were, in their con- 
sequences, beneficial to the literary world. Content 
with the temporary applause of a popular preacher, 
doctor Keating would have beei] probably consigned 
to everlasting obhvion had not a price been set upon 
his head by the president of Munster ; whereby he 
was obliged to relinquish his professional unties, and 
withdraw for a time from the Catholic mission. 

The Doctor, instead of wasting his tin'c in the 
sequestered glyn of Aherlagh, near Tipperary, as 
has been erroneously stated in the LIFE above alluded 
to, "changed his garb and name, and in thatdlsglli^3 
went, according to the dissertator's account, to the* 
schools and habitations of his favorite bards," to vvhoia 



he was a welcome guest from his profound knowledge- 
ill the ancient language of Ireland, as well as from 
♦lie celelji'ity he already acquired by his Irish clegi- 
acal poem on the death of lord Decies; his satyric 
poem of the burlesque kind on his servant Simon, 
whoni he compares witli the ilksstrioas heroes of 
ancient times: and also from his two largep and more 
serious vrorks in Irish, one i)artaking of the])oipmic 
cast of the times, against tiie late reformation in 
religion, entitled e-Oc],\x;'/t f5)itu cttl tt)f|i)-o, "A key 
to tlie shield of the Mass," or a defence of the ca- 
tholic religion ; a title seemingly adopted from 
St. Jerome's preface to the bible, which he denomi- 
nates " Prologus Clypeatus." To these may be 
added his other moral work on practical piety 
entitled, tiie *• Three winged shafts of Death," 
Z)\) b}]\'i,iWltC-- iXH ^Cl'jf, nearly on the model of the 
"'Imitation of Christ," attributed to Thomas a 
Kempi.s> all which the Doctor wrote with some other 
lighter compositions before the history. 

Among the bards and seanachies, he began to 
rolleci materials for this work; nor \Aas he confined 
to the bards alone, for some very aged clergymen of 
his own persuasion informed a friend of the transla- 
tor's who lived many years in Cashel, that during 
this persecution the Doctor found the most unsus- 
pected and safest asylum, even among the president's 
mostintimateProtestant friends in and about that city, 
while employed in perusing and translating from the 
various records both in their own and in tlie Catholic 
libraries then existing there; and thatthey aftervvardi. 
generously recommended him to the protection of 
their literary fri< nds in Dublin, with a request to 
aflord a sinular asylum, and facilitate his ad- 
D'.i'^sion to t/lie college manuscripts there. 

After some stay in Dublin he travelled through 
^he various other provincci in Ireland,, during which 



{our, ** His Anglo- Norman extraction," as Abbe Ale, 
Geoghagan observes, " was no srwall obstacie to his 
nndin'taking-, tor notwithstanding his being a Catho- 
lic, and a ciergynian of their own conmHinion j yet 
t-iich were the prejudices entertained against hino, 
that many, especially in Ulster and Connanght, re- 
iused to aid or communicate with him, or aiibrd him 
any documents ; a privation which has prevented his 
history from being so con:ipleteas it otherwise might 
have been." 

The anonymous Dissertator, who took every oppor- 
tunity ot" depreciating the Doctor's work, and pre- 
venting its publication in English, as being the great 
njagazine from which he intended to draw materials 
for a substitution of his own on the same subject, 
informs us that the Doctor spent only two years writ- 
ing it; so short au interval, however, seems too in- 
iKlequatc for travelling th-ough the other parts of the 
nation, consiiltingoriginal works in various languages^ 
transcribing, arranging, and methodizing materials^ 
and completing the whole. The truth is, it was not 
so precipitately compiled. In his yjreface to the work 
he informs us tliat he " was advanced in years;" and 
from the work itself it is evident that he wrote it in 
the reign of Charles the fu'st. 

Subsequently to Sir Carew's removal from the pre- 
sidency of Munster, the Doctor was a coadjutor t® 
Eugene O'Duiiy, vicar of Tubrid, adjacent to the 
})lace of his nativity, between Cahir and Bally- 
jioreenj as is ascertained from an inscription over 
(he door of the parish church, which imports that 
'■* Eugene O'Dahy, \ icar of Tybrid, aad Doctor 
Geoffry Keating, built that chapel in 1644," and 
that with the permission of parliament, as is men- 
tioned in a letter from the Kev. John Ileron, p. p, 
of that place, v.'ith a fac simile of the inscription 
in ISOl. This singular indulgence from d parlia- 


meiit, then after the insurrection of 1641, busily 
employed in imposing pains and penalties on the 
Irisli Catiiolics, must have been, without doubt, 
obtained through tlie interference of some of the 
Doctor's friends high in power. | 

Of Tubrid he afterwards became parish pries*. 
The life of a Catholic clergyi^^an on the country mis- 
sion in Ireland, however laboriously spent and 
incessantly finployed, in ushering infants into the 
church, instructing the growing youth, marrying 
the adult, hearing confessions, administering the 
sacraments, ofticiating on Sundays and holidays, 
impai ting spiritual comfort to d\^ing ])enons, and 
reading his bre\iary at slated hours, is necessarily 
attended with such a similar round of duties, as can 
neither interest the biographer, nor entertain the 
readrr. Even in these respects we have no further 
particulars respecting the Doctor. 

The time of the Doctor's dtath is equally uncer- 
tain with that of his birth. The Ivev. Peter Walsh^ 
the author of the Irish remonstrance, who lived near 
his time, says the Doctor finished his history in his 
old age, and died a little at'ler Charles 1st. had b( tvi 
proclaimed king, which happened in 162.>. This, 
however, is a mistake, as the inscription in Tubrid 
shews he was alive in \6\A. Collier, in his biogra- 
phical dictio;:ary, says Uc fniished his work in 1640, 
and died in I6o0. With him nearly coincides th^ 
author of the dissertation, who says " that he might 
live till 16o()." 

The Rev. Mr. Ilearn, priest of Tubrid, 
in his communication of ISOl, says, '-the Doctor's 
remains were buried in hybrid church, but after the 
most minute in(iuiries, of his sepulchre he could find 
no trace," 

•J- Perhaps tlie pernii'jpion may liavc hcen granted by tlic Irlih parli.'i- 
Mvnt, or supreme council then siliiiij in Kilkenny. 



'knowlcflge of Irish : the want of this has rendered 
most of tlie etymological ex])Ianations of Martini us 
Vossius, Junius, Menage, Aldrete, Littleton, Baily 
, and Johnson, resi)ccting the derivations of Greek- 
Latin, Italian, French and English Avords con- 
temptible, ridiculous a,nd absurd. This is now 
fully acknowledged, yet, haw is it possible that the 
'Celtic branch of the French national institute 
or the patriotic members of the Gaelic Society of 
London, or of the Highland Society,- or those of 
the Irish Academy of this nation, can obtahi any 
knowL^dge of a language still inclosod Avithin the 
sooty envelopes of moth-eaten, half rotten and 
illegible manuscripts? 

'i hough this inconvenience has been often felt 
and iatneuted since the invention of Printing', yet 
little has been done through tlie agency of the press 
for the Irish. Language. The present work will tend 
to remedy that complaint: This, with the aid of the 
Grammars of tlje Language, especially those lately 
published, and a complete Irisli Dictionary now 
nearly ready for the Press by the Autlior*^of the 
following trauslation, will form a complete appara- 
tus for facilitating the study of this ancient Tongue 
the acquisition oi whicli is far from being so diffi- 
cult as some l]a\e supposed. All scho- 
lars ''from Ganges to the Missisippi's mouths" have 
heard of the revered general ^^allancey's profound 
knowledge of ihc Irish Lana:uaj:e, 

Without any acquaintance v;ith the vernacular 
Irish; without the assistance of proper elementary- 
books ; several gentlemen of this City are allowed 
by good judges who kuow it both by precept 
ai)d practice from their infantine age, to have 
attained such a critical knovv ledge of this ancient 
Tongue as has astonished many of the more iutclli- 
geiiL Ii-ish Scholars. 

I) Of 


Of the Irnnslation the Editor takes leave to ob- 
sene, that had his view been solely directed to the 
ostentatious agrar.dizemcnt of his name, by exhi- 
biting iiis Author's original in the meretricious 
decorations and captivating embeliii^hnients of stile, 
be might ensure some degree of praise ; but could 
not render the work uselul to such philologers as 
himself, who may wish to make the Language the 
subject of their study and investigation: lie has 
tlierefore presented the Public witii an Kuglish 
translation which may be depended on lor accuracy, 
precision, and a strict adherence to tlic verbal 
interpretation of his ^\utlior. 

Tiic Inscriplion over tJic Door ef ihc diurch 
of Tub rid. 

Y/( Uiighial Latin. ^ llius ni Lnglish. ^' 
J? ORATE pro AiabO P ^ Pray iov the souls of ^ 
\S Lugenij Duliy vie. ^^ lather Eugene Duiu", ('i 
^ de^Jybiu I etD. Duct ^ vicarof'I y brid, and the ^ 
6 Gall. Keating huj9 ^ learned Doct. GeotlVy ^' 
{X Sacellil undatou .ec ^ Keating, of thisCiiaptI u 
(A no et pro oi -9 ahjsTa ^ tiie ioundc rs^ and also ^ 
n sacerd. quam iaici.s ^ lor all otliers, as well ^ 
w 'p»o;u corj a in » od ^ clergyaslay-men,vvliose ^ 
^jiact Sa. A'.' Don! ^ bodies in this Chapi I w 
w l(i44-. ^ lye interred, ii'44. ^ 

FOR?f J s Fe^s^ 


VOL; i. 



f]tmf))i"Da6c c^)te- f<xti ttib^c -do Iftinictjn 

iin ftjse- K '{oll^jite tio6caf f^|t)titie ^-cdj-oc- 

'DO 6u|i 50 ^ol^jti f jof ; <i5cif -DO h^j^ gujt 
grt^ufd riet)i <t)-f fo|iiuf ^Cftt "CO "oetiani 
nfd^ td'y^^K^^K ^)I^ '&)?^)>^^> "DO liiCfctf <t)|t 
tcvf, cup -Dd tCc|toni ctgccf -Otx t}e5cortilaT> 
•0*^511^6, <i5<i-f 50 bcc)i^)5ce an r-ffocorticrtom 
<t c^ <i5 ct "Denctrti <t)|i d bit)^l5ce-o)ft)Z?, ina^ 
<i c^i-o net fCM-jctitl, tt ctt ) n-ct ^e)llJ 
cu)Uc- dgdf 6e)C|te- cfcc bljctjctjn gcti^dtruf 
gdU die, ttid|i €ion tie- 5<ot)dtd)6 <t ccc j 
11- ft fe)l5, bl'giicc^, c|ij ifi^lc- Wjajdjii ; 6)^, ti j 
-jrii]! fcd|id]t)e- o fO)ti -Oct fc|i5oi3diiH u)|i|^f-, 
11^6 ii5 jdy^r^ d)i) lo6cd <i5df zop^jme- vo 



ii ia ee^eo* 

W HOEVER undertakes to enquire into and 
investigate the History and Antiquities" of ariy 
Country, ought to adopt the clearest mode of 
elucidating the truth of the state of the Country, 
and give an accurate account of its inhabitants j 
and, because I had undertaken to write and pub- 
lish an History of Ireland, I thought myself 
previously obliged, to complain of some ' of her 
oppressions and grievances, and particularly the 
iniquitous treatment experienced by her inhabi- 
tants, as well the old English, who have possessed 
the country for upwards of four centuries since 
the Invasion, as those of the Gadelian race, 
who have inhabited it for near three thousancl 
years; for, there is not an Historian since that 



2?j"0. bjOV <t ^jcfDtllljfC- f)11 <X))\ <XW Cc^jfC 

•oo Z3e-)|t Cdnib|ie)if)f, S|oe-tifc-|i, Scati)l)u|ifr, 
*?)ctiinie^, Cttm-ceii, 6ct|ict)i}, <^0|i)foii, Z)ct5jf, 
Ctinipjotij itga^ 5^6 micfb-gbalt e)le -o^ 

itb ^ -M^f , brtxsn^c, <tii p|i)ni^oU^)ii, -do 5115-0 

)f no-{ "Dc'ti )3])|i)ni)3otl^)i ; an can c^gZ^df <t 
6e<ttiti ^<tK -f<tni|icfD, <t 6e-)c ci))i ^otuctifidjii 
•ct5 pnte<icZy ttgctf gdii c^ornat) dj)i rfijnfcojr 
"Oct ^dti rMa6ct)|ie, mcc <t)}i Z?lctc -Oct mb^ 
) iub^o^z, ge- 50 tuixtt) ri6f tio Ijte- ujle- 
)cfD, ci6c a ZJe-jc <t>ft f uap^e-ctt) 50 tceagrtiaim 
IjudUcii ct6 b6, no oc;ict6 cctpctjlt )i)f, 50 . 

CCr-Otlct -DO'n T?|10)t15 CUdf, tt) ^ilOmctj-D ttjfl 

fui3^)lc)[7, no <t)^ foZ?g^-f<i)5 na n-uctfat do 
'f^ctn-gbctltdjij <i5ttf "DO "Shdo-baUjb vo V>) 
<i5 ttjcjiijdT) ttct l/e^t^e-di) |ie n-ct tjtin, -do 
l^)tie-d-oct|i i ifict)! <t eft, fciijo^cit) <i)|i tt cc|io- 

co5t>a"D(tri -^0 ■ nict)n)fC|iectcM)Z7, dgdf d)|i <t 
Tcu5f dt) -ci'^c-diidnn ^ "D'^5-Dd)Z? ^le I)dlc6)|i 
T)6]5, -] <i)ii\ any ZJ|toiiiid"Dd|i -co ted^maimap 
TD'OUdni-Md)Z? 'e-)|ic-dtin, 1 d)|i 5dc' cdtiif Td 
Tcuj;dT'ct|i udcd TO ped^fontidjZ?, d5df ro 
fjjte-tttj-D]^? ed5td)fe, t aj^i gd^ coaijdt) -od 
tcu5-Dd jf -DO I'cccdji? 1 "DO t^llczap, •] d)^ 5d6 



period, who treated of Ireland, that did not 
endeavour to vihfy and calumniate both the old 
English settlers and the native Irish. Of this we 
have a proof in tlie accounts of Cambrensis, 
Spencer, Stanihurst, Hanmer, Camden, Barclay, 
MoiTison, Davis, Campion, and every other 
English writer who has treated of this country 
since that time; so that when they speak of 
Ireland, they seem to imitate the beetle, which, 
when it raises its head in summer, flies about 
without stooping to the fragrant flowers of the 
field or the blossoms of the garden, even to the 
rose or lily, but bustles about until at length 
it rolls and buries itself in the dung of some 
horse or cow, wherever it meets with it. So, with 
the above-mentioned writers, they never think 
of the good and virtuous deeds of the old English 
or Irish Nobility, or speak of their piety and 
of their valour ; what monasteries they founded 
what lands and endowments they have given 
to the Church, what immunities they granted 
to the Ollavs or learned doctors of Ireland, their 
bounty to ecclesiastics, the relief they afforded 
to the orphans and the poor, their munificence 
to men ©f learning, and their hospitality to 


v\e-]Vxi ii-o)fi)5 v^aoyoC-b.xpj )mni{ -nctc '^e-]v)]\ 
'SO ^r^)niie6 it jict-D, 50 tict)^ tu6c ct -fvt|tu)5CC- 
) 'b>fe-)le- no ) ti-o)nl'6 ^ctn €-0|io)p )i]ci}ii, "c«o 
iis^)|t d cc ui 11 ct)f Y^e^jH,) ceo HI a) ii If) )i to,?;. 6')0"O 

tcu5cfDd|i uctj:(3i {nt){ iiur< ctof as '0}1D)ii5 
e)le "f.xn e-0]io)p) ]iitiu{ 50 f ct]5 cm ujiijotd 
.fjti •D'J-ibCM ^j^c-jie agdf 0)11)5 ) {rn.';VocitttX)D 
tt^df ) ii5ci0T}vtlvt)5 '^)ttrini, titi|i I;D)i Uo 
ti)"D "00 CvtlM)^!^ "00 5a6 aoti -Oct zcoc^ctt) 
■D'jdi'.^tct)^ iie-)r:e- Oji|^it gctn co)|iCd i^o)c6liiii 
"00 Cdi5ci)|tc "DOj^ -Oct cc65a)ftrn |ie bitotmax) 
«ff-D .d5af tticto)ii& "tdp, 5)t)e-cfD itj baon ti)t) 
Ti]ob fo iofscdii le C|iO)>i)cil) iiucfD-5^?alt net 
7)ci)nif)|^e-{c-, <icc af e -oo jnjt) cjioniari rt)|t 
dc-{ap fOT)vto)iiCi) ctgctf cct)tlC6 mbeitg ti-u)f- 
jf)ol, ti)fi ccdl5a)^c -nici)C5-njoni iict 11-uafctt j 
"fi-oejtntct-o T a-n mc-]v a 5Ciictf |i)f net ^^Cn-^bcto- 
■D.tld}5 vo b) ctg u)Ci-a7;.i-D an o)te-ct)n-fo |i)ct 
ii5a5.tlciif net fedn-5])(tU. f e6cd|i |ici)5 
T3|iCni -fan e-0|i6)io bet c^ioibct )n<x )d-o |te 
cacujctt) tte- 7?O!iif(tict6ct)"0 f .t )nico{nctni net 
l}?ltbciM, 6)|i cu5dTDa|i Y^ '^^•'^ ^)?^ ^^'^r^l- 
C'.inrtjb cto)'6e -oo t)l-ndrii |-0)|\ 6l)rie-cct)n d5af 
2ll6d)n -00 ^dOttindt) nd 6|tlcdn d;|t )niilud- 
gdti nd ngdOTbdt; dgdf cdti 6ednn 50 
-mbj-o'if -c^t ?tijte "0^5 a^df -Oet y)^)"D ^ij^^ 
\30 fludj ?roiiiitndc 'n-d cco)f dgdf -ott 



strangers, insQuiucb.that it inight with truth be 
said, that at no time were they surpassed 
in generosity and hospitahty, in proportion to 
their abihties, by any nation in Europe. — ^AVitness 
the iijeetijigsof the learned which. they convened* 
(a custom unknown to other nations of Europe j) 
SQ that such was the; force of generosity and: 
liberahty in the Irish and Anglo-Irish, that they 
not only reheved those who made apphcation to^ 
them, but gave pubHc invitations, in order to fnidr 
opportunities of rewarding merit. And yet nothing, 
of all this is noticed by the Enghsh writers of the^ 
tiii^ie ; but they dwell upon the customs of the 
vv\lg^ and the stories of old women, neglecting 
the illustrious actions of the NobiHty, and every 
thing relating to the old Irish who were the 
injiajjitants of this island before the English 
invasion^ Let us see did any people in Europe- 
nipre valorously oppose the Romans, than., 
they in the defence of Scotland; they obliged.' 
the Britons to make a fosse between England' 
an4 Scotland to protect England frpm the incur- 
sions, of. the Irish ; and although there was 
cpnstanlly an army of Romans, amounting to , 
fift^^twp thQjisand foot and .two. rhnudred. horse 


t'e-zz iX)^\ tiict|tcuj5ecc <i5 co^narh <iw 6lo)t)e, 

ii5af Cfij 6e^cc -0^5 maiicttc <t5 coftictni 
^ri)0ft<i)5 rt5ccf 6uct)M -Met cnj^e ^ Y^lrttiCi^c 

net SCOC itgctf tld (?P)CC, C<t)|1)f fj-H "00 

■DO bct)|t5qt)C"D tJti 6|tjo6 -D'ajni-Deoj-M tin 
ni6fiftuct)5 f]ti -00 iie)|t Sbcittiiiet 2)ctti)et ti-a 
^rio)tijc. 21 t)e)t^^5f Co itnmc 'iw<xc Cujle-iictjti 
J ti-ct f atcct)ts 50 cc^njc "D'-j:0)|itiC}tc 5aot)at 
ti^ctf Cttu)cnC6 tie- tt )i^)T)c:ei^ P)cc^ tj)|i 
6br^e-cct)ti, 50 ii-De-<t|iticfoct|i 6r^e-cMct)5 Y'^tt 
C|ij bud)|ie <i)|t uci6c:d|ttxn<t)5 net Vom^y\<xt 
-DO b) 0{ <t ccjOMti, itiu|i 6Ctitict6 <t)|i <t be-)c 
•DO f jc |te- '^dotxxia.p <t5ctf |\e- C|iu)cnC6ttj^. 
C1115 ^f <tti cuni5ct6 ) ti-^|i ^ujfiC-Octft gtiojtijt 
6nCtiicij5 r^c- tjtiM Vofiqgc-^rin T)0 Z5e-)c w-ct 
^joj 0/1 rid, -Da ccccnic ^ -oo cciZJd))ic buctw- 
tia6cct -DO ^eti5)fc 50 ti-a f lucij g^r^^^iJ^^t'^ 
<ini<t)t <t le) jce^ <t5 <^oiioniocc-tif )f j le-jste-^ 
'^{ ) ccTio)ti]c Sbctitiuet !Z)citi)et 50 fi<tDci"D<t|i 
^e)crie- -oun^obu^iic -d&s <i5 7?onicitia6djb |ie 
f)u6c -Md Scoc <t5a"f -net bp)cc, <t5<tf 50 
)ici5ct-D<|; -net Scujc ttgctf tid p)cc) <i5 corfim- 
budpfiet) lid 6|ie-cd>i -D^dinnbeojn net Vom^y\^t 

t <t]lMf)tl )u)t CC-fdJll 50 ?)£t)l>1^)|l dtl CllCf 

Vctteticjti)ct)ii jrMp)|t, |ie- t^e ciijg 6ecc bljctjdjti; 
<t5df ^d bj d0)f dti C55e-]ind, dii cdn "do 
Cfi^)5C-0dr^ )?oni^tid)5 ct'nnuf nd 6|ifcdii 447 


kept to defend the fosse; together with thirty 
thousand foot and thirteen hundred horse for 
the protection of the frontiers and ports of the 
country against tiie attacks of the Scots and l^icts j 
nevertheless the Irish used to pass the fosse, 
and ravage the country in spite of that immense 
force, according to Samuel Daniel's Chronicle. 
Cormac Mac Cullenan says also in the Psalter 
of Cashel, that, in consequence of the ravages 
committed in Britain by the Irish and the 
Cruihni, who were also called Picts, the Britons 
thrice murdered the Roman Governors as a 
peace-offering to the Picts and Irish. We 
see also the difficulties into which the Irish 
drove the Britons in the days of king Vortigenl, 
who was obliged to take into .pay Hengist and 
his German troops, as we learn from Geoffry of 
Monmouth. We also read in the chronicle of 
Samuel Daniel, that the Romans were obliged 
to erect fourteen strongholds to check the Scots 
and Picts, who disturbed Britain in spite of the 
Roman powder, from the time of Julius Caefsar 
to that of Valentinian the third, namely for the 
space of five hundred years j for it was in the 
year of our Lord four hundred and forty- seven 
VOL. I. c that 


a)nif jfi f|>i -co ^tt^ ectf<G)irvt )-d)|1 CeoTDfju-f t 

'^fTu^^jri) m6\\ -DO hicc iicc 6f^jC(tjiic- Ic-jf 50 
b2lttrno|i)Cd net iP|iajiice-, r^e- ti )irc)"Drea7t <iii 

|irrtipct ^d>i cjii, rii5 <x])\ un ^Y^o)|ijf) "uo (:u<xyo 
le-)( ctn 6|i')0c "D'ttjc)ii5<fD, 50 D^ujt T?|ion5 

ne-jce- b^e-^<ic<i ) lep net n-'i^i^ionnct^, nm^d 
<i T^ej^i Sc|ictbo, f <iii c|iectf te£ti?(t|i, 5U|i <ii; 
lu6c ^eold ■o<ojiic-ctt) Vt'te-at) na l/e-jite-itiidjj; ; 
■mo ^'f\e<i-^^it <t)|i Scfittbo 5U|i <tb D|te^5 "06 <i 
•jictt), 511 fi <ib iucz '^col<i 'D<ojne-<fD T)*)cea-b 
-Met b'6jT^)or)a) 5, 6jfi 115 le-)5ce-<tft f ctti Se-ctn^uf , 
50 )ta)'6 tiea6 ) ti-'6-j|tjT) |ijcttii le|i clc-cicc<t 
'^e-ojt 'Oidp\c~at) 'O'jrecfD, ctcc e-jcnc- ti<tc<t6 
)tijj-H C])^t;riicrt))i nijc fi-tti)* Cjilf)ola)t, fjj; 
Laj^eai), ro Dj <tj|i -v'CdZixtU'^ tJ5 -oejfjfc 
97iiii^^ii> ^';E<^{ '00 ?)o)te-ctt) te-o ^ tc)|t y^-o)t 
ii<o)"DC-ctio, 1 iit6j5 fo i>ibat) luct)rjT)e -oo 
Z7)at) )'Muacvt)ji ^; 6^|i, "DO r4.ii5e-ct|iaD "bop 
Y<^j>i Y^ci|icn) r'^'CtjCijl 6*11 b^e-<i^ }\e- itibjcco 
^"j |:6fC:t, •] le- ?)2loii5tif inctc ;V*<i"C)Vf*<o)^ 
?^1? ?]iiiiitX'H "CO pofctD j, diiiajt <i rect|itim 
ret e'f fo ] cccfi'p t!<t fraj|ic. Ciijg, vt Ve)s- 
ceo))!, Mia^i ticlc roccdj-D tivt Sectii6ctr'ct an 
n^t) xje-jfrectii^c fc, -co but) mafia •D')n5^ti 



t-hat the Romans deserted their conquests ui 
Britain. A contest arose before that time be- 
tween Theodosius and Maximus, which obhged 
Alaximus to bring a great body of Britons with 
him to Armorica or Little Britain in France; 
and having expelled the natives, gave possession 
of the country to his followers, whose posterity 
retain it to this day. 

There are some aacient authors who misre- 
present the Irish, particularly Strabo, who asserts 
in his third book, that the Irish live upon 
human flesh. I answer that Strabo must mistake 
in thus asserting the Irish to be cannibals, for in 
our ancient records, we do not read of any one 
who was accustomed to eat human flesh, except 
Eihne daughter to Criffan Mac Eanna Cinsela, 
king of Leinst«r, who was nursed in Deisies in 
Munster, and fed on the flesh of children, in 
hopes of her sooner arriving at maturity ; for, 
it was prophesied that the fosterers of this 
lady should receive lands from her husband; 
and she was married to Aengus Afac Xadreegh, 
king of Munster ; as shall be noticed hereafter in 
the body tof the history. The reader >vill perceive, 
that when Antiquaries relate thisfiict, disgraceful 



r)ri){te 'nd f)ii ^, T)ct tnbttt) tiof to Z^j^t) 
<t)ti coii^bii.)t ) ii-'tf-)|i)T) e-, a5a^f inuji ,f)>i if 
b^e5d6 T)o SUfiabo <t jirru 511 |i iii'f td' 'C-Jtijoi- 
^<i;5 e -j^eojt T:<6))tc<i"D •o'jcetfo, ") 5tt>i -ca 
"De^tittni <Ltt <tii r-<oii -n"Ou)iie *] f)ti ^f^e-jn t'^ 
1)^ ii<t t3d5<tiicct6ca. "^/O Yt*c^5!^^ ^Ir^ ^<^' 
jeftom <t l;uct]rff an nfc ceTna vig f C|ijo5<f6 
j ii-rtjct^t) )Gb)1^)<^,^^ 50 yi^^-D^ai} tt)iicea'{TDci6 
bfte-g TDO iiejc le)f, ^ ma^ f)ti nctfi t)t)5 -f) 
■Dot ) 'f^j^xtap <ij}i 'e-)fie-dti^ci)5. 21 x)e)ji 
Soljimf fdii 21. cdb, 11(16 v:>^ii)l)-D be)c ) 
ti-'6-)f>)i}, T 5U|t <tb -DO "oeif ct 6iojt))M*i ^|ioni- 
cd|i dti ceTD liijf le 5f-)ii rtiejc ) ii-'6-j|ijiiii. 
21 "De-jii fd{ 50 -Mt)e)ti dii r-'e-)|ie-ttf)vt6 <t -De-dlb 
•o'jtildc ) jjfujt d fictni d"0 dti Cdii ttidt^brd^ 
\e){ r; T j-<f '^ottuf df dii Sedti^iif d Lijctf 

fdfl /{C4 5d6 tijt) t)jZ5 fO TDO ZiCjC U|ie-5dC. 

21 T3e-)rt potnpo^ijuf 'jjHn fdti r|te-df ledZidft 
<t5 t<Lb^z ^ 'dr)^\e-<ir\CiXp, tid bTijdr|id-fd, 
'* "DtiOUg diiZ3>^)0f d6 jf tid Mite fx\b^)icp ;"* 
•7 nm|i -fjti "DO rfiO|i^ii T5o fectii.r^T^.d)Zj e)Ie- 
cOj5Cfi)6e, T)o fC|tjoLi 50 nicd|it)diid tiiiredf- 
T)d-6 <tj)i 'e-irt)T), d|j4 Z)|ie5d;i) dinced'^'Dcic, -cd 

-HtX)t 6^j|l C|ie-)TD;0»Idl11 tiji TO fdlildjt fO TO 

tt)t)', T ,-f iTtne f 11 d Te;|t CdWTC-M dg cu|t 
cedfTdjf tid n\Y\i^z'fC-'{) fjof J ''£"f .t}» "^^"^ 
6|i)dC|id-fd ; *' ^s'^j Y^^/^ ^^r^ '{^^ Yl^^j^^^^f^ 

*' )ti6|iejTre 

to the daughter of a kiag of Lehister and the wife 
of a king of IMimster, they would not connive at 
it in people of inferior rank, if ever the practice 
prevailed in Ireland ; therefore Strabo is false, ia 
asserting it to be a custom in Ireland to eat human 
flesh, when we find-tut a solitary instance of it, 
and that even in the days of Paganism. In answer 
to St. Jerom who asserts the same, when writing 
against Jovinian ; I say that he must have received 
this information from venders of lies, and that it 
should not be credited to the prejudice of the Irish. 
Solinus in his tv/enty-first Chapter, says, that 
there are no bees in Ireland, and that the male 
children, for the first month, receive their food 
from the point of a sword j he says also, that the 
Irish are wont, v.^hen they kill an enemy, to wash 
themselves in his blood ; but it is evident from our 
history that every v/ord of this is false. Ponjponius 
Mela, in his third book, speaking of the Irish 
says, they are " ignorant of every virtue." 
Many other foreign writers, to whose falsehoods 
not the slightest credit or attention should be 
paid, speak in this rash insupportable strain; 
which made Camden, when he gave an account 
of the Irish, say, " for what we relate v/e can 

" produce 
* 0*nnium virtutum ig-nari. 


tf-e-jfiii^, no iie^)|i CbattiTDejn ce-onct, muti d 

" f )ii -00 i3eci6a7^ )T)ce, iict6 g^ ttnitt)ti ) in5eci6- 
" lciT)ci)^ no ) ccoiicu^cti^, <icz ) cce-d^pap 
" 6|i(fo ct^a^ ) ccucif ti)d catriittti <t ■^epte<X]i 

Cuj tiffin fjo^ <iT) fo be-d^n -oo b^ie^gdj^ 
■>ia iiuti-D-?5f^atl T)0 fc^.joD ^ 'Q:)W 4- ^0115 
Cbditibftenfjf, T TO 'oeMctiM cofct6 to bjig^5- 
iirjax) Cbct)tibf\c-'if)f Yt^-)ii, tiiu^ <i ti-<ib^50 
f djbe- c)o{c^)n as li^)os 2tr^crft i 'e-)?i)i), T 
gu^ db e dm f d)i cCti^djt dii cjof f)ti '>i||ie- 
<t cc<i-':^ Leofi, dii cdii -^d Ixdjf To'n Cjj;eft>id 
519 btjdjdjn ; tn^ ^'v^)iCf Cd)ti|3)on ti-d 6|io)ii)c 
fdti -Dd|id cab: TO*ii Td^u tQ)d|i, rH^ tt 

11-db^, 5U|i db g- 5rttd--ni4;d f d |i j 4 'e^ti)T) 

dti cdii fjn. 5)t)C'D ^iiii^ cednti 50 ludjTbCi) 
pot]crio}i)con 1 ^OHonoceii^jf ■] -oiiotis e^te- 
TO iiudr>-'5bdtldib dn 5joUd-ni<^d -{o to 
de^-c n-d ^ijc5 ^ '<3^Hji), ^ f titti Y<^) <oii TJoZ) 
^e^jn no Td toitgdjr^^Tjb, 50 yY'^iI 1<o)"d tio 
l)ce|i d SC-M6uf 'e-)riCi) ) 11-d ff 'vTt ludt) 110 
jniji^T i ,^J0ttd in<l<i TO ZJC-jC 11-d ^^or; 'e-jfifi) 
|i)dni, dec inutidb to '^)hy\ii\c\^^\zac ni6fi nidc 
e-^cd, (ctgdf f d *f:C|i conid))tif)|ic- to V)os 

* Horum quae commeraoramus, dignos fide testes iiom 

" produce no credible witnesses." It is evident 
from the same Camden, that it is false to assert 
that there were not bees in Ireland j for speaking of 
Ireland he says, " Such is the quantity of bees, 
" that they are found not only in hives, but also in 
** the trunks of trees, and in holes in the ground." 

We shall here mention a few of the falsehoods 
of English writers who treat of Ireland, copying 
Cambrensis, and we shall begin with the misre- 
presentations of Cambrensis himself, who asseits 
that Ireland was tributary to king Arthur, and 
that it was in the city of Leon he imposed this 
tribute, in the year of our Lord 519, as Campion 
also observes in the second chapter of the second 
"book of his Chronicle, where he says, that one 
Glllamara was king of Ireland at that time. Notr 
withstanding that the author of Policronicon, 
Monmouth, and other English writers make 
mention of Gillamara, king of Ireland ; yet I 
challenge any one of them or their followers to 
produce a single poem or passage in the Annak 
of Ireland, in which there is any mention or 
account of this Gillamara's being ever king of 
Ireland, unless they by that name mean Murtagh 


t Apum est tanta multitudo, ut non solum in alveariis 
sed etiam in arborum truncis etterraj cavernisreperiantur. 


Y^jfi Cjif }i ) ii-'d)^t)T) "] ) n-'2db^)n 1 5Uf. <tb ^ 
-DO 67i|i it fc-jfjUjt vL^'h^jit^ ) 11-21! baj>i 1 
5Uft <ib ^|t t)jo6 ^vt c^"0 1^5 "^^^ cjuCt) Scvc 
4. '2ilbdpi, ni;^ ct c^ f ^I'lguf iMDit irtdc 6-ii.cct 
"7 5U|t tX:^ te- Scoca)5 "j le- ]'^]cz)b rx) tr\Z 
V) 2t|tri7i ^e-]^\ Ctrl vCr5^f fo <t "Ouij^c '^vt 
J)e^ cc^TD f j 2Ubcc)i -00 Secret j^ ^, t))ft z^ cfi) 
50 ii-4.rit)ri) ^ecco|t 6oe-C)uf ) {z'^ 11a b2ltbctii 
tioj |i)^ ce- re-5 ^ ^)^)c -co 'bt]t ^ 2UL\xj>i 
fOjn'ic- till 5fc-ct|i5uf fo, 11 j -jivtjb <6ii jij 4 
2llbct)ti TDO c)Yi'b ScvTC |iO)nir, tigit^ rviu|t <t. 

tnctc fT|ic^T|i ti-<i 'jijog 2ltbciii, <inicijt <t tx-j^t 
*f)eccO|t 6oc(:)uf, ttgctf 111 iX ctt gu^^ co)t Ic- 
<51'vT'^cC|icd6 ni^ft ct "orfiiifictr:^ fe-^^gu^ mac 
e-^cd TDO Z3ejc 11- d jijoj; ?ltbdri, ttidj^rt) jf 
^ d))ii!i 54.rM.i:e-d|t tdo t)^>'>Tf'6edftrd6 fe^jn j 
tl-dMt(ld)i) C-^'^Ct}, " /iVj: Scotorum,'" Xd ^iiti ^ 
ccfjt 50 |idi5 ^ttTcu|V d)T;e ^ -rtd ScnrdjZ? 
) M-'e^t^jf) "7 ) ii-2llbd)ii, -| iij i:^iiwff-Od dif cj 
■DO Z?j )f ^d cumdccd ^))i, "CO ^e-jc ^d ^^of- 
6a)H d5 T?j05 2Lfi<:.r|i. 

'6-1|*ri) <xcz com4, c<lrS-{xi c( 5d)T) j ji^af ^) be 



More Mac Earca, (cotemporary with king Arthur) 
who was very powerful in Ireland and Scotland, and 
sent his six brothers into Scotland, one of whom, 
Fergus More Mac Earca, was the first king of 
the Scottish race in Alba (Scotland) ; and it was 
by the Scots and Picts king Arthur himself was 
killed J this same Fergus was the Jirst king of the 
Scottish race in Alba; for, though Hector Boetius, 
in his history of Scotland, reckons thirty-nine 
kings of Scotland before this Fergus, there was 
not a single monarch of the Scottish race in Scot- 
land before him ; and where he asserts that Fergus, 
son of Fearchar, king of Ireland, was the first 
Scottish king of Scotland, he mistakes, for, 
there never was a king of Ireland of the name of 
Fearchar, and therefore Fergus Mac Fearchar 
never was king of Scotland, as Hector Boetius 
affirms ; and if it pleased Murtagh More to place 
his brother Fergus Mac Earca on the throne of 
Scotland, still Murtagh himself is stiled " Rex 
^ Scotorum" meaning that he was sovereign of 
the Scots both in Ireland and Scotland ; and it is 
not to be supposed that so powerful a monarch 
should be tributary to king Arthur. 

Speed says in his Chronicle that the Irish king 

was not tributary td Arthur ; but, that a league 

VOL. I. d •ffensive 


'^'^jdcdp ^ tut -Oild ^r^i, coii5iictni {lucc)5 
"00 tdb^z "DO *ti z) ctcct ^ <t itib)cti) Kz)\om^ 

" /«^- bc/li sociaUs," J-DOll, " "Otjte- C^]^^^^^ 
" cogitjT)," (XrHctjt ct z^ )-c)]\ |tJ5 itct 5)011)1)^ 

cangiictfii ftud)5 |ie 1')t) tt jij etc cdn^vrf ^iif 
an t) 0)1 e-, -7 ti'j hp\z\\-^e- d{ f)ti cjof-^ftjii 
"00 be^t <t5 |i'J5 11a S]Ott)Tje ^ dn jmpjti, no 
titg dn }i-jnip)|t 4. |tj5 11a SpitjT^-:- ; ma^ an 
CcS^TiMd nid Cij;id)t) conibdjt) cogdjt) pjit 
dit ttJ5 2l|icr/i T ^/'^Tr^^^f^^^ ^<tc 6-dricd 
Ms ^)/'^T)> K^'otif 50 ccircr<6)T) le-o <x t^]io 
'D'jiuif.Zdtz |ie- I'jT) Itc^orrt -do &e)c dg c£cz4 
vjod, J15 l))tic\T5cc- df fjii c']of^^)ii -co De-)c dg 
cCcc^ -Djc^ 4- <^ ^^)Ie. 2lf mcij-De jf pidfte^rce 
Ylr^jfje- dii iic-)ce- ^) d>i ti^-o d rejit jsf ubj^e^^){ 
^dM 26. cdb. ro'ii -Di^d iibil "C»*^ f^^- ^^i^if^ 
n iiihj^dr) 4- 't^jj^l'O; c(5 fo m^. d -oejii, " -njo^t 
** tiTS '^IftC- )ijdni -ftt c'tiiiidcx co)5C|ij6e-."* 
Cb)5 Y6f Cdnib|te>if)f y^)ii te-jf dM n^t) f)n 
fdJi 20. cab. nmjt d ti-dbdj/t, « -do Z?j '<^?>e- 

" f<0('t tr{ JtHitUdgdt) dH lljte C)t1)"D 

•* co)5C|'.)ce.''t 21^ lid b^)<it)\<i)b-{) ){ foltiif 
tia6 )ui)i; ti|nDCU|\ d5 2lncy7i 110 dg \X)\vpd}t 
e-jlt- coj5C|i)6e; cuf p)dyh djjt 'i:^)|t)11t1, 50 


liiberniji ni:nquam extertijr. suhjacuit ditiuni. 
t HibcTiiiu af) initio ub oiuni alicnaruin gentivnT 
inrcnrsu libera perujansiti 


ofiensive and defensive subsisted between thewi ; 
so that if one was in danger from the inroads of 
enemies, it was incumbent on the other to lend 
him every assistance in his power: this Speed 
calls " Jus belli socialis"' *' Bight of social 
*' u^ar j" such is the treaty between the king of 
Spain and the Emperor, for, each is bound to send 
tiuxiharies to the other whenever necessity re- 
quires ; yet we are not by this to understand that 
the Emperor paid any tribute to the king of Spain, 
nor the king of Spain to the Emperor ; in Hkc 
manner if there existed a similar treaty between 
king Arthur and Murtagh Mac Earca king of 
Ireland, by which they were obliged mutuall}^ to 
assist each other in time of danger, is it not to be 
thence inferred that either was tributary to the 
other. The truth of this is abundantly confirmed 
by the testimony of Nubigensis, who, in the 
twenty-sixth chapter of the second book of his 
history, speaking of Ireland, says, '* Ireland 
*' never siihniitted to a foreign pozcer."' Cambren- 
sis himself agrees with this opinion, in his twenty- 
sixth chapter, where he says, " Ireland from the 
*' beginning remained free from the incursions of 
'■\foreign nations.'' From these words i'l is evident 
that neither Arthur nor any other foreign potew- 


l?ortititict)5 joiicci ^ejM t^jcni to cu^ jntice; 
•ct5cif tij be-dt) vtrtirtjn gati cu)t -do he)t ^15 
/?oni^tict6(t)lJ 110 C15 fcc|icii)a)^ ejte- 4- '^Ir^l^o, 
<t6c )f 5 'e-)ne- *^ct cYrt--o^-b)ii tdo tict c^^)o6<t]5 
e)le |te n-ct cc<oriiticfD <t)|t ^ojitiifitc T?orti(ttia6 
-] C6c;|idT) e)le. 

2I5 fo m^ c)5 C^Mi'oe-ti le)f fo fan If^ajt 

•Oct tl50)|icr^ Britannia Camdcni i <X'S fO tt1(t|t 
m "ce)^, " 2l)|i tni?e-)c -do l[7om1xn<xt<xp as 
** ^ojiilTcnujat) a ^^^lajcif, Cttti5a-Da|i 5att 
'* ani^uf ati jottia-o 6*ti Sp^ji), 6'ti bf |ta)MC 
** agaf 6*n itiB^ifcajn ai) fo, (ag laZ)a))ic a)|i 
«* 'C-)|i)iiti,) "DO iiepjuja-D a mr^mt ^^jn 5 
^* ciTtis |io U|i65)-0j5 tia T?onitttia6."* 2lf 
fo )f )nc7?5cc-, 11^6 ^ arfiftjn gan lf^om^f\ci]^ 
•DO cC^c ) ti-'e-)|i)i), a^c Y^f 5U|t ab )i)ce -do 
cuni-Daijl'-D lucz tia cc^t^o^ e)te- 6 '6|ti)ott- 
^a)5. 2I5 fo f6f ttia|i a "Dejii Caitinett 
c^vna. a5 ^rteagtirgai) na -Dft^TMse- a -DC-jft 
•DO iie-)|t ??^ftfila 50 fiajije- cu|i ag ??onictit- 
^a)^ a)|i 'e-)r^)r,ii, " jf a)|t e)5)ii -do cyep^ji) 
«' a»i )tic)T) 50 |ia)b 'e-)|ie |t)arft ^^ curtia^c 
" >ia 7?ottitciiac."t 21 "Dej/i Camb^ieiifK -f^^^' 

9 CiXb, 

* Cum suumllomani imperiumundiquc propagasseiit, 
multi })roculclubio ex Hispania, Gallia, Britannia hie se 
reccperunt, ut iiiiquissiuio Romanorum jugo colla sub* 


tate ever possessed authority in Ireland, until the 
Enghsh invasion: nor is it to be supposed that 
the Britons could lay claim to any authority in 
the island, when the Romans themselves never 
dared to do it; and so far from Ireland being sub- 
ject to the Romans or any other foreigners, that 
she was a protection to other nations from the 
oppression of the Romans and other powers. 

Camden, in liis book called Britannia Camdeniy 
gives the following testimony, " When the Ro- 
" mans had extended their empire on all sides, 
** many, no doubt, came over here (to Ireland) 
** from Spain, France and Britain, in order to 
" avoid the intolerable yoke of the Romans." 
From this it may be collected that the Romans not 
only never cauie into Ireland, but that the people of 
other countries there found an asylum, and were 
protected by the Irish. This same Camden says, 
confuting the opinion of these who imagine that 
the Roman power extended to Ireland, " I can 
** scarcely be induced to believe that Ireland was 
" at any time under the dominion of the Ro- 
** mans." Cambrensis in his ninth chapter says, 


t Egoanimumvix irjducere possum, ut hanc regionem 
in Romanorum potestatem uUo concessisse tempore cre- 


T))olcct'j-D ct)i -dLc nicfD ) ii-'tf-)tt)T) 50 cCcr ati 
Chsit)))ict]l pap)|ioti ; 5)T)C-d, 11 j '^'jo|t 126^ fo, 
ii)iia)l i^^i'^rcc-c^ca^n Td e]f fo ) ccofip 11 j 
.fCd)|ie, T f5{ inctn iJuf ^ollii^ jf an •C')om- 

ii-D)ct)5. ?l vc])\ ^\ui 7 cab. niu|t it tC|ia<:- 

cobalt fvX11 ^ju>ilct)ri -DO jtl^ -CVTMe l)ctt -DO 

Tacdjii, an cdti pxjtd^ a ^olc 110 <t -jrjOTOY^dt) 
df, T 50 Zj^fYil zobii^ ) -n-UllcajZ? -do jiij 
ro)finirf5 tici lejcc- riict|i an ccribtict ; tjtifi:, 
11] ^irl fdttiajt net zcobat^ {J>1 ^ 1^^'Q:]^p\n 
<tiio)f, ct^ttf ti^j f<6)l)tii so ^\<xp ] \\'<x)m{)]\ 
C<tni6ric-t!-{)f <t6c net b)aM5a>icd)5 ^0 -do tu^ 

21 "oejii Cdmbf^.enfK f^^ ^^ cab. an cati 
bj-o •c<o)MC- ua)fte j ii-'e)r^)iiii <x{ cabctjjic 
•oa)Mf,])i "Da ^0^)le -co laca]|t e<tfbo)5, 50 
bpox^dj-o dii C|ict -f)ti ra)f) 11a -^iom <^bM h^ 
fi-)b)-o ^vft d ce^)le t di) f)M 50 >iib^)-D ollant 
tie -oe-natii >^e)Ue- d)|i d c^ejie. t/o vr^t^jid 
rt)H di) fo, ii^c b-fu)! l(o)"b no l)C)|i, -(fn^iif 
510 ^-fMfC)t)?nie, ]|\)f 110 an^tdc, d5 dec Ie)f 
ai|i a»i riu^re)|; {I, t f(3f jf Y^ltuf 50 lutjb 
r'y)^'^'^^^^)^^ '^i^ '"'^ {rnciijb 5a>i d fariiajt {o 
^0 TDt^rc' f'fif ro c'f lie dgdf y-f^f -on ^u^t j 



that it was customary with the men, after the 
decease of their brothers, to take their wives in 
marriage ; and he also says that tythes used not 
to be paid in Ireland until the arrival of Cardinal 
Papiron ; this however is false, as we shall show 
hereafter in the body of the history, and as will 
also quickly appear in the Preface of this AVork. 
lie also asserts in his seventh chapter where he 
treats of the natural curiosities (wonders) of Ire-, 
land, that there is a well in Munster which makes 
SI person grey upon washing the hair or locks in 
it; and that there is a well ift Ulster which iri 
like manner prevents greyness ; yet there are h(> 
such wells in Ireland, in our davs, nor do I think 
there were in the time of Cambrensis, but these won- 
ders are set forth as a colouring to his falsehoods. 

Cambrensis alo says In his twenty-second chap- 
t<?r, that when the nobles of Ireland confirm 
their alHances in the presence of a bishop, 
they kiss the relics of saints and drink of each 
©ther's blood, though in the mean time they are 
ready to murder one another. My answer to him 
here is, that there is no poem or passage, record 
or old writing, history or annals that agree witK 
him in this falsehood ; and it is a well known fact 
the Antiquaries, were c^bliged^ ott pain of losing 



cc<ij|ir, ) b]oe-)n a ti-oltttnicciiaccct vo t<x)U, 
•Oct wbjcfD <t)|i 5-Mttcv^itt) ) ii-e-jr'-iT)? 'i^^M^ 

fK <tT) fo. 

l)oni Scciiiilnifi^c ) ii-ct -f^ctjii <t5 ^r^Cgr^tti) t)o 
pf dn ti^T) fo, ^5 Irtbctjric d)|i ojuCc net ti-'e-))i- 
Ci)ci6, <t5 .{0 ttict|t <t "DC-jii, " "^0 -oejitijii, <t|i 
** f^, K x3<o)tie- |to ^)ctt<t jdT), T ti) Y'^t cf jm 
** )■{ mo ) tt-^ Y^p;|t ^ ttibirc)f6af -oo c'vrl- 
** ICt), jn^ cac<i)t) "DO "be^rittni "dotd "oeojn 
*' T -DOC cojl "Oct zcj5C)^."t 2lf fo j-f jncYfgce- 

te-ix-o "DO Cbambftenfjf. 
21 "oe-jti Cambttenfjf, m^ <i fCjijoZ^ai) <t)|t 

<i)|t elot) le ;z))^nict)"0 net ngbctll; 5)t)f"D, iij 
fjO|t "DO .{111, <tcc *^a ])j Lxraii OJ;crt>itx)ti m) 
7?uci)rtc ^1)5 B^c-)y:>iC- j, ci^ctf ^ct 1)^) j>ijeciii 
•DO <j)bu)icctt) Mictc flojT), iii)6 9)<o)l"ft'clo)ii, 
)^15 tll"^ 1 1 2)e^buri5a)U -^d lM)tini "oj. 
21 "Dejit Y^f ?^u|i <tb f t)ci5 Bl ci"Dnict ^ttfctf 
S)y-^ T feo)|i -] BCi'^dtt, sjtrt), nj ^^jOfi -to 

* Est auteni gens hxc, gens inhospita, " Cine umof»]id 
" /ieimi:i<vl, an cine yo," They are an inhospitable people. 

t Sunt irt«^ lioiiiiries liospitalissiini, neqiie illis uUS 
in re magis gratificuri potes, quutn lel spontc acvohmtarie 

dieir degrees of Olav, to commit to aa rlting cveiy 
siicl) evil custom, and not to conceal it il" it were 
practised in Ireland; therefore, it is manift^t, that 
Cambrensis is here guilty of the grossest forger}'. 

The same writer, in his tenth chapter, says, that 
the Irish are an inhespitable race, but in answer 
to this it will suffice to quote the narrative of 
Stanihurst, \vho, speaking of Irisli hospitality, says, 
*' They are undoubtedly a most hospitable peaple, 
*' nor can you in any thing gratify them more than 
" in freely and willingly frequenting their houses." 
From this we may infer, without the leave of 
Cambrensis, that at their tables at least, they are 
a liberal and generous people. 

Cambrensis, speaking of Ireland, says, that it 
was the wife of the king of Meath that elo})ed 
with English Permot,* yet this is not true, for, 
it was the wife of Tiernan O'Rourke, king of 
Breifny, and daughter to Murrogh Mac Flinn, 
son of M'celshaughlin, king of Meath, and her 
name was Darvurgaill. lie eays also, that the 
Suir, Nore, and Barrow rise in the mountain 
called Slieve Bloom; but this is a falsehood, for it 

\.0L. I. e is 

. * So cabled, from his having applied for succour Vx 
Henry the second. 


Btdvmx -oo'h tr)c co)^ ^ctfaf Be^^ci, ttgctf 
cf:^ ftjaD dn BI)rfUici)ii, ) ii-TrbCct)|i)n yuc^faf 

21 -oejti Y^f -{^^^ -'^ ^^^'' '^'^'^ leasee )t 
ru^dfgci^ccla CU5 4- 'C")!^)!)* 5^^!^ '^^ anilcfD 
tDD jtijc'j-oe ??J5 6jiie)t cCoiict;Lt .j. Utt 
7)0yhf]<x)li ; C|i'V7T))ti5<f6 "00 cu^ u)|i hicc tt 
cj|te, ^ 6)ioc tt|t"0 ) ii-ct "bucdiT), tX5<if ttij|t 
ZJccti -DO rii<tlJai), ^ d ciiji "Oct bji^ri: ) cco)fe- 

T)5» <^ ^^)^ <i5 ^^ <^ be-diictZ3|iu)cc diiutjl co)>i 
110 gcfOii: le 11- ci Dg-dt, dgdf d ZJc-)c df jcfi) 
iid ^eotd df d liitrtid)!? 5dti -fcjd)ii tio d^ini 
r-)le- Td 5C-df^at) dj^e; djdf 50 tiojunedi) 

<IM C'U^-O e;lC- djjl d11 CCOfil-Dttjt, d5c(f ^,0 

ii-or-Hdt) e ff jM TJ'vocjtujdt) TDd e-jf '{)n fdn 
ediid5)iYi«:. 2tf ^ollu^ 5U|i db b^ted^dc dn 
tijt) -{jti d "oejri Cdnibtteti^f, -oo jiej^i fedti- 
6ufd lid lye-jnedim, 6)rt K ^ Y^)^k)5C-df an 

^-rdH^tlf, 5Ur^ db dnttdTD T)0 5d)|l>11C^-D rij5 

^)viejt cCoiuijII, i)id)lle- te fii)j;e d)ri 6110c: 
) ttie-dfc iici^dl 1 o)|ied6cd d c'|tj6e- f^jn; 
d^d-f CcojfCdc "D'ud){t)b d 6^156^ -co fffdni 
) ii-d Y)dj;>iu){C- 50 ftdjc 11-0)1^)5 i>ibct)ii j 

H-d I'djrtl, d5df dJI Cdll -co t»d)led-D TDO fl J5 

6)111^)1 GCoiid)U 5, df c-dt) d rejrtedt) r^jf, 

" cedtmuf 


is evident tiiat the Barrow has i'ts source in the 
eastern ])oint of Sheve Bloom, but the Suir and 
Nore flow from thesideof Slieve Aldiun, otherwise 
called Slieve Barnan, in the territory of Carin. 

He sa3'^s also, in the twenty-fifth chapter of his 
account of Ireland, that O'Donnell,* king of 
Tirconnell, used to be inaugurated with the fol- 
lowing ceremonies ; all his vassals being assembled, 
upon an high hill, in his own territory, a white 
mare was killed, and put down to boil in a great 
cauldron in the middle of a field, and when suffi- 
ciently boiled, the king used sup up the broth 
with his mouth like a dog or hound, and eat the 
flesh out of his Viands, without the assistance of a 
knife or any other instrument to cut it; then he 
divided the rest of the flesh among the assembly, 
and afterwards bathed himself in the broth. This 
is evidently an impudent fiction of Cambrensis, 
for the annals of Ireland expressly mention, that 
the ceremony of inaugurating the kings of Tir- 
connell was this; the king being seated on an 
eminence, surrounded by the nobility and gentry of 
his own country, one of the chiefs of his noblffs 
stood before him with a straight white v.%and in his 


* The O^pQiinells were hereilitarv toparcbs of Trr- 

** <c5af ce-A^\z <i^<i{ comtixom no con^hajt 
*' )-0)|i <in xyi jiaTf "0*ct tiicct)?;" <t5ctf 511:11 
"•r^rie- "DO ?)0|i-Dtt)je-cf6 it 11 cftctc tx) Dep 
"D^r^ect^ Z3rui, -Dtt ciift j ccujnme T)o, pi|i 
tii? e "DO "DtjJYe-cfD ^c-jc "oj|ic-ci6 j 11-ct Zjft-ejr- 
eariimvf tt^ttf 5tctti ]OT))itt.iC ) -n-ct jn'jojimjZ.J, 
^fe'^f K 10>i5ticfb tettnt Cdnib|ie-H«f :f "00 tucfo 
net bfi6^)5e fo, ^ w:-<i{vt])fi 5u|t <t6 le inC^ctjt 
TX) tvi]^ iVi ) "f^-^ c|iojfi|-c 5. '0)fi, jf <oU'af 

cctcci. )d-D, () <tjrtif j)i 50 bttji^i'flii, <t5ctf 5tt|4 
C|te-]5c;-ct-DcCfi tn3rtv£ii tjjoZj <tii <{<o5ctt ■] 511^1 
cji'io^iKijjra-Owt^i <t ttiL^drctjT) 50 CfiC^Zicfc, 
Hjajdlca, ci5ccf 50 tcctii5cfDtt)4 ttii lojua-o 
"bo iKortmZ/ "DjoZ?, tfTjt|t <t tti Cotum-c^tle, 
l^^jcpf, ttsctf 2t"DdriiTt^>i dgctf niOficC)i ojl'e 

]))ii6|te-)-Dce ^o{ 50 tc)u2?fia"Od5^ Uftjf [e- '6-jftl.T) 
-f:ulctti5 -DO |iJ5 c)ii£-;t cCoiictjil an ii^f i?d|^- 

iJvt^fDct rt),. -00 I'udjtltrctf Cctltlb^cHflf, -DO 

i(;e;c dj^t djqje djje-, "j dn ciic-j-dL'jii 
<t)>i itUjirit)!! txcd, 6 d)nif)|t p.trfidjc 50 
5db.ttc^^f '^<^\.i, <!<-'B^'{ "Od iir])i f]ii 511 ji a& 
br'^^? ttic-dl'td^ gdn dd^ttiicii{ -00 ii)iic-Cd)v.<. 
i^fienfjf dT) fo. 

* al. Bac t5* junn. 


hand, and mi presenting it to the king of Tircon- 
ncll, used to desire hi m " to receive the sovereignt j 
** of his country, and to preserve equal and im- 
" partial justice in every part of his dominions ;'* 
Ihe reason that the wand was straight and white, 
was, to put him in mind that he should be unbias- 
sed in his judgment, and pure and upright in all 
his actions ; therefore, I wonder much how Cam- 
brensis could assert this abominable lie, and am 
confident that his inveterate malice alone could have 
induced him to publish it. For, we very well know 
tliat there have been of that family from time to 
time, many holy, pious, and religious persons, se- 
veral of whom retired from the world, and taking 
orders, ended their days in sanctity and devotion; 
it has also produced a great number of saints, as 
Columkill, Behan, Adavnan, and many others 
whom we shall not mention here. Nor is it to be 
supposed that the nobility of Ireland would permit 
the kings of Tirconnell to make use of this barba- 
rous custom, which Cambrensis charges them 
with, since they professed the Catholic religion 
from the time of Saint Patrick to the Endish 


conquest, and for that reason Cambrensis here 
broaches a lie equally malicious and unwarrant- 


cuj\ 1^5 e-5^ri)-D, t^^5 -net fio^xzumbi^y ci)|i 
'6-)|i,iiri, ^5ctf its 6-D5ctfi ^\]s 11^ B^eacctti; 
<triiuil <i lt-)5<:ectfi f^ii 3t> te-acccncic r'd 

fCdl^U 5)t)rcf6, >1) Yl^f^ "^<^ "f^^J "^"^^ ^^t^lS 

50 Z?^u)t fectr.^iLf 'd))te-aini ')i-ct <t5vi)"D, ■] 
-^f <t cttp -r5'Ot)|i lid BfectCd-n Y^)11 d5 d 
<i"t)mii)t iictii Y^^55dT3.t|t iict Sct_xniiajt; ^edvi- 
fc^r.^MG- 110 fc^d'OCOrtii(cit)"De- vxcct, )\t- nibjctij 
'^jof "Ovttct iKt l)a)ttif)|te- irtiijc: )i)f iict S.t_x- 
oiict)5j5 <tcct; 6j|i, <t -Dv7jrt 'S)l'^^\y i^>^y'5'^^ 
B|tCciict6, giijimucbcfD te ?2ortirtiica.)5 <t5^f 
le Sct_;cTna)j)5 ncc )tc5ct)|i)i3e- <t5<tf iivt ^g^cfo- 
^oniajtcctj'De- -Met -mBneitirictc agaf "oa -jirj^i 
f]ti <t feaiicuf. CI);5 Slj.tnmc-t .'Da^ije-t \e){ 
an irj;"tD^ fo tt)|i <tn ujt) cc^vn<i, {an te-<x,'D 
|tctT) -o'ct 6|toj-n)c, it5a-f T2;-De-fi 'f ^ ^focl6)|i 
L<t)"oiie- "00 ^Cfijo^, tnctji <t tc|ttx6cctii}i <i)|t 

txn 5^0Cctt ^0 Britannia. ilSclf ^6f <t •Ocjji 
ti^c 6 B])^u~ii{ it "Oeiitce-ctii Britaiinia |1C- 
B|ie-ci~ct)ti ; "oa mbiti) e, 50 mbari Brutia 110 
Bnitica X)0 SO)|i>^^t)C- t)'j, 1 "CO bet co-frtlctjt 
•Ctt nibcfD 5 Bbr^u~uf -DO 50)rif )t):- 5» B^j 
luct]"DY^eit"D )vl C^foi|t, Co|tne^lju{ Citcjcuf, 
X)ov6}\u{ Sjculiif, 110 Bet).! 110 feitn- 
vj-D^ ej5jii ejle- C|ic ct'O 6 b>fu]l it n focitl-^it 
Britannia i it^vC^f tllU|t llcCtl ^)nf t:(5)5 ci^ea-o 
t) b>^U)t iljlDVI it CCf^^CQ- ^^)H, lljOfl L'|0)15- 

■Mitt) jitTD "CO Dc-)c ) ii.ctjiiZJY^)of 1 ii-]onia-o 



Spencer in his chronicle say«, that Egfrid, king 
of the Northumbrians, and Edgar, king of Britain, 
exercised a jurisdiction over Ireland, as \vc read in 
the thirty-third page of his history. This, how- 
ever, is manifestl}' false, bcc^ausc the records of 
Ireland declare the contrarj^ and besides, British 
writers themselves confess, that the Saxons did 
not leave them any old writings or coins, from 
which they could obtain a knowledge of the his- 
tory of those times which preceded the arrival of 
the Saxons; for Gildas, an old British author, says, 
that the old monuments and coins, and conse- 
quently the ancient history of the Britons, were 
destroyed by the Romans and the Saxons. Samue! 
Daniel agrees with this author on the same point, 
in the first part of his chronicle, and also Rider 
in his Latin Lexicon, treating of the word 
Britannia'; who further sayj<i, that Britain is not 
called Britannia from Brutus ; if it were, the name 
should he Brut ia ov Bvit-lica ; and it is more than 
probable if the name were derived from Brutus, 
that Julius Caesar, Cornelius Tacitus, Diodorus 
Siculus, Bede, or some other old writer would have 
mentioned the derivation; and as they know not 
whence the name of their own country comes, it is 
no wonder that they should be ignorant of many 



TO 'b'Xl<ip ^e-aii-Od net Bficacctit, <t5wtf 7)idtt 
pi)z<i tji4 dM cce-ond. 

2l5;tf 1^ )cn5ticfD ctti iijTD fo jdb |ie- tt)^ 
0- -fe-ctiicufDO l'c-aH»iict]ii d)*|i cu)-D -o'ticijfl)?) 
C-)|tecttiH, ti5ci{ <i iitt'D 5U|i <tb gctjU TDo 
jie^jlt <t in[ni)iut)ctfii jcfD; lud)T)Ccdfi, jomof^to, 
.{ectcc -{lojtitice -o'luxift^O 5<6t)dl lejf, tiiaji 
tt ctt 'j}<i'S^'ni.its<im)\df Ciatui cSu,^He, Claf) 
cS^ce, Cldnii w'ljc Connidjict, C<o»iittiict)5, 
Cucttdtdjs d^df B|idikijf, d5df dii nJT) d 
've)]\ tu|i db (3 Utt{d, 1)0 6 Bbe-wtfi (flojfKe 
ct Cti )Sd_Xvt)^,) ctciijc ^|ci5nictC5dniHd, <i5ct{ 
gufi db )Otidtni Be-dji djdf tfiucjidrfidjti 110 
niwtcfdM'id)!!, d5df "Dd iie^jii >{)n 5U|i dZ? o'li 
re-ds cdll cttujc '^/dgrlidcgd-rinid Uldi), ino 
VI^C-vt5)Ad ^ dii fc^dfrii fo, iiccjt ^u^d 9/<^5- 
tiidcgdviiiid UldX) "DO tcacz 6' 11 c.7dj cdll 
iiid|i -fjn, T)0 ii5^j)i fdtidfCt)n dti ^ocd,t, jricc 
9'/d5>iidC5dnntd' CudCrimriidfi, iio Ud 9^dc- 
^dniiid Cdjfibftedc, dgdf nid|i r\^c o tc-a^ 
Be-il 1 SajCwtjZ; cctc, tij bft) <J/d5ritdci;cir»ifitt 
ULdT) ; dec 50 YJH)mie-dc jf to f l)r6c 
CboUd "Od 6ji^)o6 riijc 6-o^d)-b -ouiZJl^))] m]c 
Cct)r^brc- i-]>^e-ctcd]ti "DO f^ol e-jiiedrfiojn 1^. 
2I11 TDd|td c^iiejl Ctdnti cSujdiic-, d rc-jft ^ufi 
ah 6 cc-d5 ) Sd_x^)^ '0(^ tigdjfiitiredft iy^jy/zt- 
fcCijisd-odjt ; 5)"D(rat>, nj bjojidim 6«3/wr d?;df 



things ill the ancient history of Britain, nor should 
we be surprised to find Spencer equally destitute 
of information on the same subjects. 

It is a matter of surprise that this writer should 
undertake to trace the genealogies of some noble 
Irish families, and assert that they are of English 
extraction ; he particularly notices seven noble 
clansof Gadelian race; namely, the Mac Mahons, 
SvVeenies, Sheehies, Macnamaras, Cavanaghs, 
Tooles, and Byrnes j and says^ Jhat it is from Ursa 
or Bear, (English sirnames,) the Mac Mahons arc 
called, and that the words Bear and Mahon are of the 
same signification, and consequently that it is from 
the English house of Bear that the Mac Mahons 
of Ulster are derived. My answer to this assertion 
is, that it is just as reasonable, from the etymology 
of the word, that the Mac Mahons of Thomond, 
and the O'Mahonics of Carbry^ should descend 
from thence, as the Mac Mahons of Ulster ; and 
since they do not derive their origin from the 
English family of Bear, neither do the Mac 
Mahons of Ulster. But the fact is, they are of 
the house of Colla-da-chreegh, son of Eohy 
Duivlein, son of Cairbry Liftechar, of the line of 
Erevon. The second family, the Sweenies, he 
^ays, are of an English house called Svvyne, but 
Sweeny and Swyne arediiFerent names, and con- 

VOL. I. f sequently 


rtictc Syjbne- ; iter 50 Y)u)TiCc ]f -co cl<tf)a)b 
/V'eill 1^. 21 "oejit Y6f, 5ii)t ixb -oo 5')^^-^^^)^^ 
Cldf) zS]te- ; 5)-dI-d, It j YJO|i -o-) f)ii, 6j)t, 
^f foUuf 5Ufi db ro f Ijocc CbolU uct)f )cfO, 
•7 5Uft <tb 6 Shptat, ttidc e-<ic"OTiM, -rti)c 211- 
<x{'Di^(X)Y}, ni)c 2)orJnKtjll, 6 ^\d.]t)ZC^ CI ctn 
ii2)oni7ict)Il 11 tt bC^jit'f) T Met ])?Ubaii, i:ctti5d-ost- 

Coimi^ct, T 5u/t <ib 6 6)iiL't) to gbaLl ct)i) |ie- 
<t r^^j-Dce-ii: 91<^|ic)>ric-jt crttigttt?^ ; 5pC't), iij 
-^jo|i t)0 fo, 6j|i, )f 6 wtie -V'il b ' <tjinti 
Cinii<|;<t, |tctjf)ce^ cl<tT) rtVjc Conm^ct |t)ii, •] 
K ^ )f fto)i)l'-D cp)-c- vojb {jol 2lot)ct, T ){ 
o Cbci)f'jn ?iittc C<t)f, rji)c Cotidjll f6luct)c 
•^o tjot 6)ni)^ cccrigtfDsi;. 21 -ceji^ i)i<i; an 
CC^TDtia, 5ii|t ab 6'ti iiiB^ifcct)ii 1116)^ cttti5ciT)4. 
net flojiire fo f5<^5f, .). ^^ol. ir.B|io)i(, Cuctrdl- 
<tt5 1 C<6mix Hctjt, 1 tij YJri)i)Cc an f >rD]iitciT> 
TO hc-))\ ^ an njt) fo, m^ a n-ab^- 5U|t at 
frf^cajl I37i]ora)njf) na cii) ^ocajt vx?. 2t)|t 
^r-f a "ce-j^s 511 ft ab ]onaf) brt)n ^ co)llclc» 
'^^^bixm 5iift ab )onai) b^tjn ^ co)IIric, 5)"bl't), 
fx) ti*f\ bfocdi b|i)n a vc-)}\te-il B^ianajj, ace 
6 a)nni 65l<6)^ -Oij^ li'ajnni B|tanni'>?j. 2ln 
■b^a np, a "oc-jf, ^iirt ab ;cnai) ♦cot' a^ctf 
*crocdc% ctjttf p.U|t -.tb iiajt) f)n a rejoice <j. 
Ctiacalai5, i Y^6f if 6 ajnni 05ho)6 "Da 
n^oj^c) Cuacal vi cCc >7me fjn ){ bftg^aj;a6 



seqiicntly the Sweenies cannot be a branch of the 
Enghsh family, but are descended from tlie 
O'Neills. He says also, that the Sheehies are of 
Anglo-Norman extraction ; yet this is an erroneous 
assertion, for it is apparent that they are of the 
line of Colla-uaish, and owe their original to 
Sheehy son of Acton, son of Alexander, son of 
Donald, from whom the Clan-Donalds of Ireland 
and Scotland. He says again, that the family of 
the Macnamaras are also of Anglo-Norman ori- 
ginal, and are from the house of Mortimer in 
Normandy; this too is a mistake, for it is certain 
that the family of Macnamara has taken its name 
from a person called Cumara. The proper sirnam* 
of this tribe is Hay or Hugh, and they are of the 
posterity of Cashen, son of Cas, son of Connell 
of the swift horses, and are of the line of Eiver. 
He says in like manner, that the sirnames of ByrnCj 
Toole and Kavanagh were originally brought out 
of Great Britain ; but the evidence he brings in 
support of this conjecture is not true, since he 
affirms that these names arc from words in 
the British language. In the first place he says, 
that Bri?ime^.ns woody i admitting that Brin is the 
same as ivoody in English, yet the name of Bvrne' 
or Brany, is not derived from bririy but from a 
pcrs«n Arliose name was Branny. Secondly, he 



wM Cb<onittiirt6, iridc Z)e<|;niO'Dd net ngtitl, 
"I )f YFme- -00 tCn ctti ^Ofidjimi f^n rn 2)boni- 
tidll Y^j-H, ^ mbe.c 4- "^i-^ o)Il"nut)ii ) ccjlt 
Cb<onitt)ii ^ f\-]oc:z<l LctjiCi^, i K -do ChCtifjo- 
t<it<x)d -DO iie)^ d ^loj-ore ict-o. 51"^^"^' Hi^^^- 
luf, "00 ilc-)fi ttM c^Cncufd, gti^ ab 'r»o 5b<o- 
txiidib net rii"} cjn)t) f]ti, "] ^u|1 tib -po f [jocc 
Chdt<o]^ ni6)ri, f)5 e-jr^Ci) ]<i-o. ){ longnct-o 
Ijoni cjCT^uf a ^^i^ S-pe-n^efi <ti) Y^)ti, Icttti 
•DO c'U|t )f ntt ng^jcjZ? f) -oo iI5^ ii-ct ti-ci]nij^)0f 
^., <t6c: <xm^)n wun<ib ^ {cdt <i he-)t n-d 
Yjlp, CU5 cC"o coiiior6)rtf6c<t -do ^^jn, wu^i 
'^<x gncti: lejf Y^)n, ^ le- n-d f^nicijt ejte, 

JOmcfO YW^^^^ Yjll-DfcXd TO ^lltHctT), T d 

ccO|ir5<tt) le- b|i)aC|ict]Z? btctfTDct ro ^iied^ai) 
iiti le)5ceo|ict. 

21 rC)|iSra>i)buftfc gutt ab 'j an 9)b1t)C- Vvt 
cAi)t) r^OT)ci "DO Sblci^iigc, nidc Z)C/d, hi]c Lo]t ; 
5]-DCt), 11) Y^^Or^ to ijn, 6^', to jie^)^ ctn Lf- 


sa.ys, that tol means killi/y and that the name Toole 
is thence derived, but the family has the name 
from a person called Toole ; for which reason the 
conjectureof Spenceris ill-founded. Thirdly, hesays 
that Kcevan is the same as strong in English, and 
that the Koevanaghs or Cavanaghs are so called from 
this word Ka3van, My answer is, that Kaevan 
means, * a person mild or comely,' and that the 
family of the Kavanaghs obtained its name from 
Donald Kavanagh, son of English Dermot; which 
name Donald himself obtained from his having been 
educated at a place called Kill-Ksevan, or Kevin's 
Church, in the lower part of the Province of 
Leinster; this family too, according to its 
pedigree, is a branch of the Kinshelas. Moreover, 
these three tribes are of Gadelian extraction, 
according to our ancient history, and are of the 
posterity of Cahir the great, king of Ireland. It 
is surprising to me how Spencer could venture 
thus to speak on a subject of which he was in utter 
ignorance ; unless, being a poet, he allowed him- 
self, as was usual wath him and other poets, an 
unbounded license in poetic fiction, adorning 
his compositions with flowery language, to deceive 
and amuse his readers. 

Stanihurst asserts that Meath was the portion 
of Ireland that belonged to Slanj^, son of Dala, 
gonof Low; but this is not true, for according 



hX 5ct5^U, n] itct)5e to 91b jre- df) j ii.ti)ni^))i 
Sbt.t^jij;:, ctcc <o-n ciutc aniU)ii '^l^\<i)r>, vt ca 
Ittjrfi ^e l)U)f>icac, 50 lM)nif)|\ cudia)t 

•De-)jier|i b:i)/,r SbUjugc-, -| -oa il:-))i fni, ^u^i 
^^15^1) '^^ »^ijr' ttOT)(t Tin, ^ guji tti-* iiit)t) 

4 tidlTDcesj; vuu\^x ShLa)ii5r, )ie |irt)t)Cc'Ci|i 

*] i,e)C5i)f), to'}! Ic-)c c)a|i -do Bl)ect|i5<t, -j 
5U|i db e f ct lotigpoi^c co)tiiivT5<:e- -do, *] guji 

ti5 Scctiijburt'fc, T iictc b^dcdp fCv!6uf £■)- 

be-jfifi) <i)?c- ; T ctf e iii("{tt)rti, ncic tri^fi dii 
tojig '00 h) «i)5e- oiitd, niu^i 50 h^A\t fe 
comd)iib>,')ofd6 1 {J 11 ) tro'dtdjl) iid b'6-)tirTJ, 
50 ti-al?^ 5U|i db fdM ^}un\d)n d cCt Rof 
ni)c Cy)^i]'^, "1 50 11-db^ ^U|t db cC'^c-dt) tio 
|o^tob))if) dii 9)b5"DC-, ) ii-djdp Cbdnib|ie»if)f 
'fCjii, ntcc 5-"'P^i <^^^ 91b')"6e nid^t (:o]-si^-d, -7 



to tlie Book of Conquests, ^leatli, in the time of 
Shiny, consisted but of one tract of land in the 
neighbourhood of Ushnagli, and did not extend 
iarthcr till the time of Toohal the A\'ekome. 
And where he asserts, that it is from Slany that 
the town of Slane is called, and consequently 
that Meath \\ as the portion he obtained from his 
brothers, he might with more Justice have affirmed 
that the province of Leinster was his, diiid that 
from him the Fiver Slany (which flows through the 
middle of Leinster to Wexford) obtained its name; 
and in like manner, that from him was called Duva 
Slany, otherwise called Deen-ree, situate on the 
bank of the Barrow, between Carlow and Leighlin, 
on the western side of that river, and tiiat it was 
kis fortified residence, and that there he died. 

It is not to be wondered at that Stani hurst was 
ignorant of these circumstances- since he had 
never, seen the records of Ireland, from which he 
might have obtained a knowledge of the ancient 
history of the Kingdom ; and I am of opinion-, 
that he did not take much pains to enquire into 
ttem, since he appears so utterly unacquainted 
with Irish affairs as to assert that Ross Mac Trooiu 
lies in the province of Munster, and that Meath 
was one of the five parts, or provinces of Ireland, 
contrary to Cambrensis hkriself, who does not 



Scctn)bujifc 'd-)|ie-, 50 ii-oean teat "d'y'j^ic- jail 
^ le)c, T d^ ie-dit Q]ic- td' 'e-jr^fi) f )vi <xmixt, 
)"Oj|t gbctlt -7 5?)<ot)al ; T itiaft a rej^ ti^c 
a^t ij'j^ju t^jf an ccTil^onac jf Irja -D'^jiie- 
galt, ctCrtititif -DO ■oe.uiarii Ie)f an tucxc 
5<6)-D)t )f ua)f le ) -M-'e-)rt]T) ; ina^t a *oe-)|i fe 
-|:e)ri ) n-a C|iojfi)c, *' 2Ui re- )f ^fic- -00 na 
" c^Tljonacaji) T?a n-ttjcjtri) an p|io5)ti^^ 
** 5altt)ci, n'j quZpftai) a ingjoti f e)fi 1 b]od{iXX3 
" "Oo'n pT^jOT){a )f w^ -o'^C-jr^tncaj^. '*{ iP)aY:- 
^iaj5)ni -00 Scaii)])U|ifc ai) fo, c)a ba l)oti6|i- 
ajje, -MO ba ua)fle, no ba •b'j-^le- tdo co^6}ii 
11a Sa_;can, cuit'jonac -y^jne j^alt, no na b)a|U 
laiDa uajflc- a ctc j ii-'t^j^iji) "oo gballa]??, 
iMajt a Ci )ci|ila Cb)tle--T3a|ict, t)o ii^ne- cUni- 
naf le ^Jjascaticat) 7ijrtbac% •] te- bUa 
/V^f^jtt, "I le -oiiojng e)le -o'uajfljb 5<ot)at,. 
■] )a|ita 'U-tiniimutn le-){ Ua rMB|i)a)n, ^ le- 
tnacgbjotla pbac^iajc, ^ te bUa Ce-afiZJYrll, 
■] )a|tta ZtCfniunian t^e 9)a5ca|ica"D ni(5)i, 1 
3a|tta Conixcz |i]f Ua ??u4.c ; /V'j 4-^i)n^ 
h]co])\z r\o ba|tr)n tdo b) coniuct-fat te b(dH- 
^u)tjona6 "oa ^lajb ) by:)ne jail f)ani, ■] nia;i 
f)ii ti^ rfiffajtri ciiC-a-o af nccc •oeana-Dajf 
ctCninaf te bua)fl)b 'e-JtiCi), ace tnunab tdo 


"l Culonorum oiriniiiii) ultiiiius qui \u A:igiica provincia 
habitat, filiam suaiii vt;l fioUilissurjo Jlibcrnorum priucipi 
in matrimonium non Jar'.'t, 


reckon Mcatli a province, and in opposition to 
the book of the conquests of Ireland ; and since 
dividing Ireland, he says that the Enghsh possessed 
one half, and that the rest of Ireland was divided 
between the English' and Irish; and asserts, that 
the meanest peasant of the English pale Would 
not condescend to form a matrimonial alliance 
with the most noble Irish family in Ireland; the 
words he uses in his Chronicle are these; '* The 
meanest peasant that lives in the English province, 
would not give his daughter in marriage, to the 
most noble prince among the Irish." Now I ask 
Stanihurst here, which is the more honorable, the 
more noble, or the more loyal to the Crown of 
England, the peasant of the English pale, or the 
noble Anglo-Norman Earls of Ireland ; for in-> 
stance the Earl of Kildare, who married into the 
families of Mac Carthy Reevagh, O'Neill, and 
other Nobles of Irish extraction; and the Earl of 
Ormond who is allied to the families of O'Brien, 
Mac Gilla Patrick, and O'Carroll ; the Earl of 
Desmond, who is related to Mac Carthy More, 
and the Earl of Conacht, to O'Rourke; not to 
mention Viscounts or Barons, who were of as 
honorable extraction as any peasant that ever 
was within the English territory. Therefore, I 
cannot discover any reason, why thej^ should not 
contract alliances with the nobles of Ireland, 
VOL. L g unless 



YU|tct)lectn'i "Dfiiijti5e- i-)Ie- *oo ij) *p.iccr?iict|i 
T)"t^)H)o>icct)Z7, ■vo{C]\]ob 50 itiafhqjrl'^ d)|^ 

j<i|i itDut 1 Sci_;cct)Z3 tt)|i tcrf ro "Dect-naw 
te-)5)T) "DO, "J 50 ^\ape- 11- ct co)|ic)of b|tOT) d)5e, 
no 5u;t fcejc le ii-ct {c^pfo e-, jctfi tclcc j 
M-'G-)|i)T) -00, •] 115 ZjCs ipin n\u]\ doniafirct 
^uctcd -DO be]t xP 'd)>i)onc'ci)Z7 djge-, tudft vo 
^ep Io6c j ccujljiijZ? y')1^e tally r^e -nxt^i 
"o^i^i'C'D \eo dti 5^<ajt)Cl5 df d>i TCj|t, dti cdtf 
"00 fmdgdT) U-o du ^'u)|i]OT) -00 i)j d5 ^jqr- 
^d*D fta cjttc- r^ottijDd, "I d reiii "Od ^Ihix^ 
-DO tCv-^SiXi dii 5^;<o)'Dn5, d>i ue to 5Id)^^r-D 
5, 50 mbtrtiffrt) -niviji (o-n |i)d "OojZi'edfd net 
■Oit^fTge rdft cCti5d 5. C]\e-<xv ){ )nz^'^■^te df 
fo, acz ^o ^\x)'b dii 'VT|i)OTD f)ii -o'^nidc d5 
^Sccitiilniftfc ri' 'e^)t)oit6d]iJ, 511 ft ^V;lc lejf 
5U|i db jdZjciInif cn^ofcaiiidjt "Oo -jijnf-Cd^ 
gdjtl a)rt 5?)(6,'bCl dj[7, -j iirtc 5diidlruf iMr- 

tt>1Cd. 2Ul CC-, Ut>10//iO, -DO jllj JdbclicUf 

cnjofcdnivfl, ,)f leo/t Ie)f umladz -] T))fle-T)' 


ynless that from a mean opinion of their own ob- 
scurity, they did not conceive themselves entitled 
to form such illustrious connexions. 

I think, that from the injustice of the account 
which Stanihurst gives of the Irish, his testimony 
should be rejected ^ because, it was at the instance 
of persons who abhorred the Irish, that he re- 
presented the people of Ireland so ignominiously ; 
and I do believe that he immediately imbibed an 
aversion to the Irish, on his arrival in England 
where he went to study, and that he was big with 
it until, after his return to Ireland, he fully vented 
it in his writings. As a notorious instance of the 
hatred he bore to the Irish, he finds fault with the 
English colonists for not expelling the Gaslic Lan- 
guage from the country, when they drove out its 
ancient inhabitants; and he says, that notwith- 
standing the encomiums bestowed on the Gaelic, 
whosoever makes himself acquainted with it, will 
soon acquire the uncultivated manners of tliose 
who speak it. What must we infer from this, 
but that such was the malice that Staiiilmrst bore 
the Irish, he regretted that the English in their 
conquest of Ireland acted rather as Christians 
than as Pagans. For wiiosoever makes himself 
master of a country in a Christian manner, is 
content with the submission of the vanquished, 
^nd with planting colonies of his own country 



^^^d)i tfn ^Y^-vTitjT) d cl<6)tce-ctrt lc)f, i *f::Ai- 
l^jri) u<xyb Y^jii T)o 6u|i ct ccnidjqvftfD n^ 
c^5^e rMct|i <on |i)uj 2lti ce, uwof^o, to ^jt) 

^K> 1 T^'VTfljOT) iillclT) o)Ie -DO cu/t tut)-D ^^^jM 
TD'ctjqrjtit) tid cjfie, <i]fi ct vc&yo a iiC^ir. 
21/H rj, )omo]\iOy -ctt t;>ij gaOttlcuf cfijo^c- 

ro il)vi Uilljctm gctiialcuf <i)r^ >ict Sct^a^ZJ, 

-H^jofi rtiu6 cCtiSct net Sa^otiitc, -do D^j gu^i 

^ct5<t)t) v!u]|ijOT) net cfnjat) "DO cojriieaT) Y<in 

^|ijc, ■] 50 tc^njc ibe f)yi ctn cCn5d -do i3ejc 

<i)ft 5un fttn 6|t^c o fo)n ) le-jc a5 Sa_xonct)i?. 

gjTjrti, )-{ gctdttlcuf pag^ncd "oo ii)ne- ije-nr 

5'fc .j. c<6)frc net Sd^onctc, d)|i net 6|iCc- 

nacetjZ), nmji 511^1 fC|i;of fe ct ?)otilet|i na 6|^]- 

cctjne- ]<t"D, T 511/1 cu)]\ ^iTt^joi) ueip ^e-jn ) 

n-a n-^)c)bi ^ jctr^ y\X))b]fc tt]c 50 bjoniUn 

•00 "D)b)|t dn dngetp leo, *| a ^etr?iei)t ce^-onct 

^jn 'f^ct riijctn le Scan^bui^fc -oo "De^ctnani <x)^ 

'e-j|tjoncci)b. 0)|i, n) ))e-)"0)|t <tn cCn^et to t))- 

b)|ic, 5ctn etn ^v?|i)oi) -oetii ") -do t))(?]rir, 

T T)o &|t^5 50 tiet]Z?e- nijttn net rfngtit) tdo 

•D]b)tio tijti, T30 V>) i/w<X]\ an ccetinet ni)ein 

•D,be-cittcet net vo)|ine, tja^i rCn^ct j, -oo "bjb- 

Iftr etj|i, "] "00. jio-j|i f)n to h^ f.u^tm<xyi 

T3' '6-)nCi).t6ct]^, 1 nict)4 -f)n njofi jciZ^cA a 

ttj\iz a)ri 'e-))ic-ctn^:a)i). 



iaTnoiig the natives ; but, it is the practice of him 
who subdues a Datiou after tiie manner of a 
Pagan, to extirpate the conquered inhabitants, 
and send new colonies to possess the country 
which yielded to his oppression. He, however, 
who makes a conquest like a Christian, never 
suppresses the ancient language of the Country 
he reduces to obedience ^ and so William, when 
he conquered the English, did not abolish the 
use of the English dialect, but permitted th© 
people to retain their Language, by which means 
it is preserved by the inhabitants of the country 
to tliis day. But Hengist the Saxon chief con- 
qijtered the Britons in a Pagan manner, for he 
banished them from the very face of Britain, and 
planted colonies of his followers in their places ; 
by which means, having expelled the natives, he 
ftlso completely eradicated their Language. This 
is the manner in which Stanihurst was desirous 
that the Irish should be treated, for it is impossible 
to extirpate any langqage, without at the same 
time expelling those whose language it is; and 
fts we find how anxious he was to efface the lan- 
guage, so he also desired the expulsion of the 
inhabitants, and consequently must be an enemy 
to the Irish ; for which reason, when he speaks 
of Ireland;, his testimony is not to be admitted. 



Md)5 cud)ce, 1 <i)rt l-e-itt;tt jD iki b'S-jjiCi) j 

[pcc -o'^ctttijl )nf)~a, T ii^ca|t rug cC^raii 
T)jo^, iitt itn rfii^a ) ^\-x ]\<xh t'tcfDci 5ct6 

f<i)'b d>i biiciiCriitictf cucijre, ■) ci)i te)t)of 
fC|i5obtct. 0]|i, irj '\\xp djft ciimu-f TOfaH 
<iii bi'cjuCiiniuf, 110 t'-ii le)t)of t?o rc-)trT)f<t>i 
rCuwct 1 ti-d |idt)A-odji, T "Cd tej^rjTDe- "do 
1d-o, 111 ivi;5 cu)5fc- dige- oiifict; ^ nirfctjtn 
•Od ii^)f\ fill, 5Ufi db loridT) "O'djl T30 dj; "D)nio- 
idt) dM -Dft ndt)d)ii -oo luat) t>tid|i, "} -Dii^l d}i 
"Dd)il "CO t))niol^dX) -odc t'-Dd)5 -{it d ce)le; 
6jft, mufi tivx6 fe-)"D)|i le)f dn •oatl bfiCcurg^t) 
"DO •oCiidrii )"0||i dti T>^ TDdC, "DO Z;^J5 iit(6 
y:d]c)OT) cCccd|i t)joZ?, nid|t dii cce-otid itjO|t 
5' Y^ej-ojit le-)^)n)i, bfiejcCMnidf -oo -De^ctudtti 

d)|t d11 "Oct Cldt)l]11 |tc^dni^ct)t)Ce-, "DO ZJ|l55 
ti^fi C'v^ t^jdrtt 11 d tt73djft ] 11- d itd^dTDctfi 
^C)i^o5cd, T ^6f iict|< r-vrg iid })oltdrtid)ii -odii 
h* Cld-Dditi idt?, -00 hi((]t, 5u^ db 5 dii "^hidy 
T)ll5 dhittijii '^d cedHpd "0)1 ]0f •o6)Z?, •] to 
|i<i)5e fejfjon Cf^j'O T J^^t) a)iieoId6 yt)zz. 

2)0 j;e-]5 nid)t dii cce-orid locc d)^ dn <o)f 


Stanihurst likewise finds fault with the Justice? 
of districts, and with the Physicians of Ireland-, 
it is, however, a matter of surprise to me, liovv 
he could presume to censure either, since he was 
acquainted neithe'r with thenj, nor with the lan- 
guage in which their works were written, being 
entirely ignorant of the Gaelic, in which tongue 
they wrote their municipal law, and treatises of 
pliysic. Therefore, it was not in his power to 
read those laws or books of physic, in the original 
dialect, in which they were written, nor would he 
understand them, if they were read for him j lor 
which reason I think, that when he abuses these 
two professions, his case is exactly similar to 
that of a blind man, who would find fault with 
the color of one cloth, more than with that of 
another; for, since it is impossible for a blind 
-person to make any distinction between two colors, 
liOt being able tp see them, so in like manner he 
could not possibly form any opinion concerning 
these two before-mentioned professions, in as 
much as he never understood a syllable of their 
books, and could not converse with the learned 
professors of these arts, because their native Gaelic 
was the only language which they used in com- 
mon, and with it he was utterly unacquainted. 

This writer censure;?, in like manner, the 
harpers of Ireland, and says that they know tio- 


ticc6 ^(X)b ceot )Oi)Cd. 21 f cof itivft iiit)t ijjtc-j- 
cectni ^)fjoii a)fi 6e-ol fdii i)ib]c, ^ 50 bctjii- 
jjce <t)|i <tti cceot ti5<d"Dalac fo ri<i be-jiie-di^, 

ftj^ -DO. S(6)l)))i nCtc tt^ tvrs Sca.ii)bu|ifc 
5Uft <ib artitdt) "DO Zjj 6)fie ti-ct |ijo5<icc ^d 
]l'e-)c fte ^^]n mhi^l -conicitt 5)5, ^ tict biictfle 
T tia boltania)>i ro b) )f)cc ) H-.tlI6TD guft 
^uni<fOit bliejcectiiiriuf, Ic)j)Of, Y)l)t?eacc, 
ceol, "I |i)ct5lac<t cjTJce -do i?) a)|t Dun ) 
ti-6-)|i;Ti, T ?iitt|t f]ti -njofi 6iie<t«fO(t -do Scciiij- 
buft^c bfiL-)ceartiiiiif tiie-a|fDttti<t ro *Dedtia->ti 
<i)|t c^eot tict b6-)|te-aT) vo Iccrujat), ^ )f )oii- 
fetifiT) Ijoni titiji l-e)5 Cctnibf^eiifif fdii 19 
cctb. ttiUft ct iiiolctn ceot iict n-'S-Jiicailct^, ct6r 
wunab ^ T)o ^iTfi |iojni(r ce-pn to h^e-)t ^ 
Cbcrnii^fK -Mf )f ct^ cctjiirt? 11a ii-'t^}|irfjac; 6j|i, 
Hj ^'u)l. -{ctri Z;jt 11) ]f ni5 j 11-ct -jMolctM CctiM- 
i?)^e^-f ;f 'e-|irT)ct) j, jtitt jf aw ceot 5<o"Daldcj 
<i5 {0 trictft <t •oejn fctn t<il\ ce-Diia " ) 
" ii-aTbba)b c)U)t arfici)>i-oo jej5)ni -ojccjott aji 

" -vite 6j>irt) -Oct ^^dcttttiij; ct)fcc- 50 TXJiitff- 
•Dtt."* 2L5 fo xx) ^C')ii rtH caL\ cr-Dfict an 
^u^iX{'^cd)^i)i -00 hc-)r\ 4- <tti cce-ot ii5fot)atdc 
■Oct nioUt), " -00 jii^TJcfi^, ^ fe, tin oifi-^)- 
" -oft) jomltxri 0]|iCwnirt6 |ie^ IHitif ra)i;)u)|i, 

«« te 

* In musicus solum instrumcntis comniendabilen^ 
invenio gcntis istius diligcntiam, in quibus, prsc omni 
nationc quam vidimus, incomparabiliter est instructa. 


Hiing of music. But it is more than probable 
that he was no competent judge of any music at 
■all, and especially of the Gadelian music of 
Ireland, being a perfect stranger to its rules 1 
believe Stanihurt,t knew nut that Ireland was a 
distinct kinordom, and as it were a little world in 
its self, and that its ancient nobles and literary 
professors formed, and had, peculiar to themselves, 
their laws, i)hysic, poetry and music, witli cer- 
tain rules, which were always observed in Ireland, 
hO that Stanihurst waj; not very modest in forming 
this rash opiniou, and censuring the music of 
Ireland. I am very much surprised that he did 
not nad the nineteenth chapter of Cambrensis, 
in which he praises the Irish music, unless it was 
his intention to outdo Cambrensis in misrepresent- 
ing and abusing the Irish j for, there is nothing 
for which ttiat writer more commends the Irish, 
than for tlie excellence of their native music; and 
in the same chapter he says, *' In their musical 
" instruments alone, I applaud tho laudable 
" diligence of tliis people, in which they are 
*' incomparably skilful above all otlier nations." 
And in his encomiums on Irish music, in the 
same chapter, hr gives the following high character 
of it: " Its melody, says he, is completed, and 
" rendered agreeable, by so sweet a swiftness, so 
VOL. I. h « uneqa.1 

•DO cc-)fc Cctnib|tenf)f, gujt ipft'-agacr -oo Sr<t- 

-{L'wMct net ?)'6-jftri)j 5)fi, )f follttf tt>i ran "oa 
fC[\^oij fc-jf )oii <t fc^, 5ii|t <ti? tjct i\Cc frol- 
ic T)o Z?5 1^^ fejrim ) H.'e-j|t)T), jnCt -Dupie 
X)ctU J "I 7Hi|; {p] o fo)ii a le^c, ^ anojf ; bjot: 

^ Sctiti)bu|t^c fe- fci^joZ^ctTD {ra)|ie- net !/e-)- 
jiH), <if iic(|i 66)|i cjoii f c^ctpe-. ■oo'crtiJii.r 
4.- 21) |i tcr-f -DO ZJ^ -{^ T^ ^fe> PW 11^^ 
|ta)Z) uctjn ajge- 4- cni<^ru5a"D "OO "D^^aiuni 4 
ffncuf tkt C|ij^ef), ^ ^t^b X)o V\X]m fcfi^a- 
iJctt). ?lii "Oiici btVZ^a^t), TO ^5 ^^ vail 
^tjneolctc ] icrn5vt)H net c5|te, ) .it-a ^lajZ^e 
fCncuf -J fCn-o^lct >ict Cfijce, ■] 5ttc ^^vFfinc 
"Dij: tt)C)5; j ; ■] trniti f jn n)oj\ 5'y?)T))|i le)f 
'^jof -fCn-octlct -Md b'e-)|tlT) -DO Dejc <i)5e. 21 11 
rjtCf IfZJajt) -DO Z?5 ifl^n, -do Z;^ fe udjU- 
m]<xy\dc, -) Tct t^ejjt f jH TO V) {r^l tiige- ttiea- 


t Tain suavi velocitate, tain dispari paritate, tam 
discordi concordia, consona rodditur, et completer 


" unequal a parity of sound, and so discordant a 
concord." Hence, we may infer from the tcsti-* 
Jnony of Cambrensis, that Stanihurst had no 
grounds for asserting that Irish music was devoid 
of harmony. Neither is he to be credited when he 
asserts, that the musicians of Ireland were all blind j 
for it is manifest, that at the time he wrote his history, 
there were more musicians in Ireland who posses- 
sed their sight, than who were blind, as has been 
the case ever since, and is at present, a-s all our 
•cotemporai'ies ca;n testify. 

The reader should here observe, tliat Stanihurst 
labored under three defects, when writing his his- 
tory of Ireland, on which account he is not ei> 
titled to be esteemed an Historian, In the fu'st 
place, he was too young to have had time to 
examine the antiquities of the country-, whose 
history he undertook to write^ Secondly, he was 
utterly ignorant of the language of the country, 
in which the records and ancient history of the 
nation, and its inhabitants were preserved ; so tliat 
it is not possible that he could know any thing 
of the old accounts of Ireland. Thirdly, he was 
unqualified, because he was ambitions, and was 
pulled up with the hope of obtaining preferment, 



fe fcr^y Z;at) 50 bote i 'c^-)|1jt); -^^af fic r)f) 
<t Z3e-ic ti-ct fctg^c -od ej^l'■ -f])i "DO, TO 5e<ilt 

5^111 Ci^ <l)f "DO TDe-ct-Hctril >Mctj(tC- )1C- fciiji^^jf) 
4. m'6\<u\ 1:0 iict )ic)i]D indfHjtctcd |io 

ccVbX) ct>toif ]te ii-<t cctjfbcdiiat) ) 11't^)f1J^i. 

21 -oeiii SrciJi)binifr an cciJi (j'j'o'L'jt)0T)J)5 
<i5 coHi|i4c, 110 d^ budldi) d ceje-, 50 
tirdbndjt) irid^cortJ^c "DO tut djfO Pliaro,Pliaro, 
1 ■f<o)tl"D fe-ifjon 5U|i db (5'ii Z^^rcdt pbdjido, 
Y<t bd^nni -DO \\]-^ -nd ]/d-)p)]3<:i; cUcrdti leo 
tndji corii^c e; 5]f)C"D, ^^\ fjof^ "do f)ii, 6jri, 
)f*joiidT) ^ 1 *Y^d)^e o, -^djie o," <t5 d iittt) 
fijf dM fidii ojle d '\bc-)t X d 6r;)»iiC"0, dtiidjl 
■d •oe)|i dn ffd^icdc ' gardtZy gardcZt' dtl Tdti 
■dt) cj d co)tia)ifd ) ngudjf. 

Cu;)i)D 2)occrfi ^d)inie-|i ) 11-d d^\oji\)c 
^un db e Bd|icol)mif bd cdO){ect6 d)|i 
5b<6)DC-dIdj5 d5 re-d^c j it-'6-)|t)i) r6)ZJ, ^ ){ 
vo pbd|trd^6ii j;4.>tilof Bd|tcot]iiuf dT) f ; 
^ITbedX), "DO iie^jft fc-d>icuf d lut l/d)|tedii -do 
fc^rd|t cu)tle "I -fedcr ccerc bl]dt;d)ii )X)]\\ 
te<xcz pb:c^itdl6)ii, T ce-d^c cto)i)e 91)ltMt) 
) ii-'6)>i)T). 0)ti, ) ccjOT) Cft^ cfe bljdjdjn ) 
tfTDjdjj; lid -Cjljotnid, rfuijc Pd|irdI6ii j 
n-'C-jiST), "] ) ccpr^, nVjle ^ rcc ccerc Mjatdj-n 



t^irough the means of those who excited him to 
calumniate the Irish nation in his writings; but 
when he afterwards entered into holy orders, he 
promised a recantation of all the malicious false- 
hoods he had related concerning this country, 
and I am informed that it is now printed, and 
published in Ireland. 

Stanihurst says that the Irish in battle, or when 
fighting amongst themselves, cry out with a loud 
voice, Pliaro, Pharo, and he imagines that it is 
from the word pharao, the name of a king of 
' Egypt, that it was used as a war-cry ; but tlie 
feet is otherwise, for it means, * take care, 
take care,' desiring the other party to be on their 
guard, just as a Frenchman says gardez, ganUz, 
when he perceives his neighbour in danger. 

It is asserted by Doctor Ilanmer in his chronicle, 
that Bartholinus was the commander of the G^Is, 
on their arrival in Ireland, and it is Paralon, (or 
Partholan) he here means by Bartholinus j but, 
according to Irish history, there was the distance of 
more than seven hundred years between the coming 
of Paralon, and the arrival of the Milesians in 
Ireland. For, Paralon landed in Ireland about 
three hundred years after Noah's flood, and it 
was one thousand eight hundred years after the 


jf -DO b^entnY^xnx) Ctitti-oe^n, ){ c6^<x CfiejD- 
ectw.x;ii "DO fc-a^iciuf 'd)peai) fctti iijt) f)ii. 

If 11a tie]qZifi,"t <i ^e ; ii^af tiia'f jitcusr^t 
•00 ffiicuf ^. 6ir, 4. fori a Z^ejc <if ct)i; g^, 
If -D^jol ur^fiunict ^I'licuf e-tTtf-p, no Ji^)^ 
CbdJtlCCjii, ^Mii JT/^ii;, "D'a )i50jftcei^, Britannia 
Camdcni, riiu^ ct ii-a'i:^, ^15 \^xh^z ^ '6l)ijT% 
•* tt^ I)^)5citj0{-ott d -DiibfidT) te p[uCi(cuf , 
ogijid o. fo ilf'jtjt), le)f <i)i o^leriti fo."* 
Cu)^t)t) Cct)n-ocii |t^.tfvii ti){ fo, d5 fo m^l 
<L -Dcjii, ** 21 cu]n\m \iO ■D-vTbe^tttir.i, )otnr^o, 
♦* f^>i6iif<i t^w^yo d fc^efejH, (a5 ld54.c 
*' 4- ''^)|i)oiicctjZ3,) pT)uf )id6 V)'>fiy\l fdti -vrte' 
** fCti6u<f dii '%Tte- 6)mC-d e-^te-, dec tiiid)T)f6c 
" tto bC^>irt6 ii<o)X)r)i-dCC, Iccjni ric- fln^uf 
« lid l/ejfiCT^ ;"| T )f iTme f)ti, )f c6ftd 
C|te-i"DCjii -bo, jiivt TO 2!)bo6cv|i ^drniic-fi, nCtc 
t?^dcd)i) ffii6uf 'e-jfiff) |t)cini. 

21 "oe-jft dri c-iij-osi; cf-Diici, 511^ db e ^j 
Z(X\\ "DO jmsdi) Crtjofcj fej'ort), 11) f^O)t -00 

t In his detiir sua aiitiquitati vcnia. 

*Nonimmeritohaec m?.\x\^Oi!:j/gia, id est, peranticma, 
a Platarcho dirta fuit. 

X A profundistima enim antiquitatis uicnioria iiistnria- 
^iias aiispi'^aiitiir, adeo ut prac illis Oiiiiiis ointiium 
•fiesUama:itiunitas sit novitas aut quodam inodo iiiriuiria. 

flood, when the sons of Milesiiis anivcd her^; 
and in the opinion of Canukn, more regard is to 
be paid to *the old records af Ireland in tliis point, 
than to the assertion of Hannier. He says, 
*' antiquity is to be respected in these things ;" 
and if we are to respect any history on account 
of its antiquity, then is the history of Irekind 
more particularly worthy of being respected, 
according to Camden, in his book entitled, 
Brifarmia Camdeni, in which he says, speaking 
of Ireland, " this island was not undeservedly 
" called by Plutarch, Ogygia, orthe most ancient." 
The reason he gives is, that " they (speaking of 
*' the Irish) deduce their history from the most 
** profound memory of antiquity; so that in rc- 
** spect of Ireland, the antiquity of every other 
** nation is but novelty, or in some measure a 
** kind of infancy ;" and therefore tlie chronicles 
of Ireland are more to be relied upon, tharjk 
Doctor Hanmer who never saw them. 

The sam© author expressly asserts, that a king 
of Denmark, whose nanae was Froto, was king 
^f Ireland at the time when Clirist was born j but 
this is without foundation, for according to our 




^'Cnv^U^h y\ii J/e-jtifi), -) "Da jiejjt fjn >ij 

2lip{cot na I/C^|il."i) ICft fjola-b an C|^e)"Dfwi 
cctcfiljce -{dii C|/)c ^ tcuf, no fu^. uct)tfi 
pba~|ia)c j ii-o)te^ttM iia |DU|i5ar6fut ; <xcz 
lpxz)\ci]c ojte db, "DO ni4. ttn <^^ni ^a b<d)f 
•Do'ti C)5e<^tid 8.50 btjvt jiid. 5]t)L'-D, n') ^jo|t 
"DO fo, "DO itr)|t Caef<|;iiif ii<6Hi<:a, tdo rfiajii 
"00*11 lejc afqg "DO fl^ ^e^rc bljatajvi -do 
Cb^ijofr, T TTit ^e^]|i ^]>f -oo m^ pet ^eic 
50 le-)c bl)<i^<x)n -{ut -DO Z3^ till T^xx. pac^tajc 
tti) fo. 2I5 {o )vici|i ct "Dejii, fail .'J8 cab. 
■Do')i -oa^a ICba^i "Drf, |ie ti^)t)rf|i X/^cr 
dialogorum '* a 11 ce 6'yT|iff cOT^rabajf.c: ) bpii^t- 
*' 5<fD6)|i, riA^atlat) ) n-'e-jti-jf), ceij-rti afcf^ 
" ^ bpiift5a"D5)^i tuom-pbctr^iajc, 7 nj bjajt) 
" coT)raba)rtc <xy^t ) opjamrb pbufi5a"D6|ia 
« f)M aiMac."t 2lf fo )f >iic'\75ce iiCic 
e ail "Dajia 'psz]\a]c vr, l-ua)t}t'-(" -fjannirr^ 
a fua)r\ purt5aro)|i pi}acfta;c ajjt tzy{, ^cz 
ixw t^jLTD p?)acfia)c ; 6)f, c]ot)u{ ba y'^^'DJii 
50 nibat) e an -Daita par^iajc -co tibd-b 
a)|i tcff j, ,7 50 |ia]^ tirt ccvz 50 lei;: 
bt)aj;a;ii 6' 11 am ^a^i fc^ijob Cvti-fa^ijiif aj^t 
p])U|i5a'D6)jt pac|ta;c, 50 bajnifjfi an -oafnt 


t Qui do Purjratorio tlnhitat, Scotiain per^r.-.t, Pur- 
^toriun) Suncii Patiicii iiiliet, ct uniplius de pani"; 
Purtratorii non dubitabit. 


greater uncertainty, with respect to the ancient 
affairs of Ireland; wherefore he is not to be cre- 
dited, in asserting that the king of Denmark was 
king of Ireland, at the birth of Christ. 

The same writer declares, that it was not St. 
Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, who first planted 
the Catholic faith in this country, and discovered 
Patrick's cave in the island of Purgatory ; but 
another Patrick, an abbot, who lived in the year 
of our Lord eight hundred and fifty. But there 
is no foundation in truth for this assertion, accord- 
ing to the holy Caesarius, who lived about six 
hundred years after Christ, and consequently two 
centuries and an half before this second Patrick 
was here. This writer says, in the 38th chapter 
of his twelfth book, entitled. Liber Dialogorum^ 
" Whosoever has any doubt of Purgatery, let him 
" go to Ireland, and enter the cave of St. Patrick 
" there, and from that foi'th he will no longer ques- 
** tion the pains of Purgatory."* From hence it is 
evident, tiiat St. Patrick's Purgatory was not 
originally discovered by the Patrick whom Hannier 
speaks of, but by Patrick tbe Apostle ; for how 
could this second Patrick possibly have first difJ- 
covered it, since we find it spoken of by St. 
Ccesarius, two hundred and fifty years ir^fore th'^ 
time in vviiich this second Patrick tlourishcd , 


)OjLC]\d]c no nictjica)n j ^ ^6,', a ca fCncttf 

b)iect5 mCbldi!: vo jijiie ^ct)inie)t ai) -(c, ] 
11-00)5 50 tnbctt) lujttj-oe -do iJjctTD ccttu{ 1x5 

/V^j ejle- d "OG))!, fctii 24 tfriidc, ^u|t cib 
-00 Lo6tdT)cij5 o*ti 2)aT)jd f)oT) in.ic Ciimct)!; 
5)t)Ct), 11 j ^^)0^i ibo f)ii, -DO iiejfi an cfln- 
6uftt, 5)ri ]-{ TO fI)o6c /V'ucfbcfD neacc 
jt)5 Laijri) e, tdn)c 6 'i^jfiCrii^M, mac 
9^)teat). 21 "oe-jji ^()f, fan ^S^, learatia6, 
gii/t ab mac to Jij^; Cuat)nmniaH an r") 
•D*a ti5a)|ini]-o 11a biij-oct)|t g)otlania|ia, ^f^ 
'Qr]^Cr) ; j;jTDe-at), )f I6ft Iji) an bfie^a5mit,at) 
DO cu5aniaft <i)f\ an n^jt) f jvi 6e-ar!a. S<o)l)iii 
gui a^ Ic- '^otiania-o 6Yi|tectf f)dMrne|t car 
•fjoiic^aja fjof, ag frcriio)re-at) 50 ^allfd 
-fct tia feaM6at)a)6, )oi)uf 50 ccu)rifeaD ) -oo'n le)jcc-rj|i, n^c i?Y^u)t Cu^acc ) 
fcati6u{ '6-)r.^ai), dcc ina^ 6ctc Y^oiiciicija. 
g'TDC-ao, ){ fotluf, iiCtc )iajZ?e- mc-af fcajr^c- 
^)|ij-T)jte a^; lid {tii^Aj^ a)|i 6itc •f)OT)Cfiaca 
|i) irii ; acZj ^iiji ■oCr^d leo 511 |t ab f jT)fceaI 
^j'jcCcca "00 cuiHat) ma^t cajcCni ajnifjrit" 
C-, T a'l -^r^tSvia ce^-ona lJt)|i;)ii a)^i gd^ fcc-dl 
o]ler -Cix ccuj^jov) '{]o{ a)fi an Z3fc-jH. 


besides our ancient records and traditions unani- 
mously confess, that the Purgatory was originally 
discovered by St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland. 
Therefore, it manifestly appears, that Ilanmer 
fabricated this malicious falsehood, in liopes of 
lessening the respect which the Irish have for the ' 
jcave of the Purgatory. 

This Author observes again, in his twenty fourth 
page, that Finn Mac CooU (Cundiail) was of 
Danish descent ; but this is false, according to the 
annals of Ireland, for he is from Nooa, king of 
Leinster, who sprang from Erevon, son of Milesius. 
He further asserts, in the 25th page, that the 
person whom some authors call (iilla-mara, kmg 
lof Ireland, was son to the king of Thomond; 
howeyer, it is sufficient for our purpose, that we 
have already confuted this falsehood. It is through 
ridicule I suppose, that Hanmer introduced an 
account of the battle of Ventry; deriding the 
antiquaries, in order to insinuate to the reader, 
that the history of Ireland is of no authority, being 
^11 of a piece with the battle of Ventry. Yet it 
is evident, that our Historians never esteemed the 
account of this battle as a true story, but positively 
considered it a poetical romance, or Fenian tale 
written for amusement; which same answer I 
give to every thing that he relates of the Fian.f 


t The Fenian heroes ; a body of hisli troops com- 
jiianded by Finn, son of Cooll, famous in Irish Romance. 


b>fld]t[^ '&]^l'rj ; 5;^, -co ile)|t ail r^fLncii^it, 
tij Jictj^r, 1 bftajrCf a6c <oii hi} i j.a)fi ci)iiit)ii. 
Jf ^iCiJi-f jnjT^fc -co ni.t|t rtii cce-DiKt, it iirfD, 
3S0 |tv(j5r cu^ <t)t]i>c)|i ?l5u{Cj»! nivtMdc tig 

yoKuf, v''»i^'frtn, d-f ^'rncnif ^(f-)|it"iS, 11^6 |ia)b 
cu}\ d5 dft'Dlfbo^ Cb.nirc-fiLJATfie- d)ft ^Ie)|i 
C^lfiCf^, 50 bajnifift Ujtl)a)vi iiu.ttiajt, T 
Ti'dc )\^]b cujt vtcvt a;i rjiac f))i '^6-]v, <icz 
x\)j\ clC)^\ ?lrdcl)ar, Crc a 5^1^11 a 10, p})a?)ic. 

l-tier lid ^0|t)ndM-o], d)fi nibe;)(i: "d6)5 ^e-JM 
"Oj^rii^- >td Locldf)dc, Td ii50)ficj ;Vo)iinaiiT)], 
"7 f6{ C|ic- tiC>ii5ti)t) i^e- 5«o)t)rUTZ3, CU5 ^d^D^e^jn 
*^ci ^)tid6c dfi"orfi?\f5 Cbdticertb-vTii), ^ -n'j 
jtiffdjiti 50 rid)5 cufi d)^e- o/|td ^)ti ^qn, 
<t6c tie- l')i) t^)<x^ ttji-DCfboj -od |id)Z? 1 
cC1xnze-fo^-^% .). l?dTiiIjnif, 'LdiiYftdnc, -) 
SUifeliM, 7)UifT f]ii )-f L^r-az^a^ tdo ^)d>inieft 
<t iiit) 50 ^(X]b curl d5 2l|i-Dr^bo5 Cbdnrett- 


JS bftt^d?:,d6 d "oe-jit, ititfi d)i cce^-orid, f,o 
fictjbe- 91i^)^<^^"^ ^'^^ Co6ldjti ) 11-d ii)j; dj|i 
'6-)ft]f), dH ccin "^d I)<6'f ■oo'ii q^edttfid 1166 
bl)d5iid, a)|i, jf -oriti) ^urt db e l?udt)ftd)i;f- 


It is a fiilsehood also, where he asserts thatSUtnv» 
.^011 of Dahi, possessed the sovereignty of Ireland 
thirty years; since, according to our history, he 
reigned but one year only. It Ts in like manner, 
initrue to say, that from the time of Augustine 
the Monk, the Archbishop of Canterbury exer- 
cised a jurisdiction over the Clergy of Ireland. 
It is manifest however, from the annds of Ireland, 
that the archbishop of Canterbury exercised no 
such jurisdiction over the I ri.'-h Clergy, until the 
time of \ViHiam the Concpieror ; and even then, 
only over the Clergy of Dublin, AVexford, 
Waterford, Cork, and Limerick, who, through 
affection for the people af Normandy,* being 
themselves descended from the Danes, who vvere 
called Normans, and also from their aversion to 
the native Irish, put themselves under the govern- 
ment of the Archbishop of Canterbury ; but I am 
of opinion that even this jurisdiction was exercised 
only by thi'ee Archbishops, namely, Kadulph, 
I^anfranc, and Afiselm; so that Ilanmer grossly 
mistakes in saying, that the Irish Clergy were 
subject to the Archbishops of Canterbury, from 
the time of the Monk Augustine. 

He likewise falsely says, that Murrogh, son of 
Coghlan, was king of Ireland in the year of our 
Lord 1166, for it is evident that Roderick [or 

•^' The Normans hud juijt then conquered England. 

U4 CoiicuOcc)|i vo W) a^ ■^<xM]i cfT^-vrf '6)|i)of) 

ftjci ii54bcttcti{ 5<tLl an rvt)i f)ii. 21 "ceiit 
<t |ij^ 5U|t iib fan niB|i)oca)ti ni5)tt ct |iii5at) 
Cortijrttl 2lb BlHfKajtt ) n-tt|\-D Ulat)-, ^jtX'T?, 
ti) Yl<^ri "DO f))i, 6)|t U'jcaft ) i!-ct tlccip 5uft 
a{? ) rt-Dat tiaitaj-oe- j tcudLj^cfftr lUat) "Co 
7tu5cfD e, 1 5ti|i db TO cjnrt) "Dal-naiiaj-DC- 
^. )f TFtne, )(nMo/|to, xx) nil'f ^jct-nnie|i 
B|iCctiac -DO "De^anarti tdo Cboriitall, to b|ijt; 
5ii|i ab e Conijall "Co C05a]b wa)ii)fq|t 
Bbf'n^ctjii ) ii-vi|i"D Ul at), ^a niara]]^ ro 
ttia)ii).fC|iCc'yib fi-Ofi-pa '>'ile, "] 5it|^ crgajb 
>tia)n)fr)|A e)le ) Sajxajb, lix]m |ie- Ue{c-{C-jfcefi, 
T)a ti50)|tcea|t Bangoit ; -] -ca rcL'^rtiat) to 
^aiiHie|i a ^o^i ) cce-)H vo'n \C')iteo]^ gufi 
BbrtCctiac Coiiitall, ro cc^rii'^CT Ta yie)|t 
f)ti ) cce)lt 511 |t oj^ttritciif Ta ^^'vtI- 
ai|i nict]ti]{qr^ BI)LT)c>[|i Utat) to tct ) cclu 
TO BI)|if(:>iac^Tr>, a I of Cbonijajll to Dejc 
■D^ob, tio 5u|i ciu T.i)! C'Vitl Brf)ca)|i Utai) 
50 cciij|i>^t) j tc-)c 11a nict)fi)fr|irca a cti ) 
Sd^ajb, Ta|t ab a)ii-ni BaTi50|i e. 

21 Tejr^ ^)ct}ini?)i, 5UJI claf) bafraj/iT to 
ftj5 La)j;rT), f uj^f a, f (oiati, ^ Ulcaji j 5)t)r6, 
50 Y^r^jT^r^ jf claT) T*?lot) bri)ajii, ^1^5 
^^urfian jaT, to ji^-jji tKon'iffncTrf 'fi-j^l'titij 
->n^ fo "DO iiiO|irtri TO bftc-ct5u)?^ o]le- to 
^anniefi a 5 fcf.-jcbat? 4 'C^1r)1), ^j-Dirat) 
le)5Y^LT "Djoni lTitnia)ii ojp.d nj jf ^'^tj'ce, 
•DO bt^^S 5^ nibat) tjOfTa tir a hiat) ii)te jat). 

21 Te)|t 


Rury) O'Connor assumed the government of Ire- 
land at that time, which was four years prior to the 
Enghsh conquest. lie says again, that Cowell 
(Comhghall,) abbot of Benchor, in the extrerhity 
of Ulster, was born in Great Britain; 3'et that is 
false, for we read in his Life, that he was born in 
Dahiarry in the North of tJlstcr, and was of the tribe 
ofDahiarry. Ihe reason, howeverj tiiat Hanmer 
wished to make Cowell a Briton was, because it 
was he who founded the Monastery Of Benchor in 
Ulster, which was the mother of all theMonasteries 
of Europe, and who also founded another Monas- 
tery in Wales, at Bangor near Westchester; and if 
Ilanmer could make the reader believe that 
Cowell was a Briton, he would also give him to 
.-^mderstand that the great fanie of the Monastery of 
Benchor in Ulster would contribute to the glory 
of the English, by reason of Cowell being their 
Countryman, or that the illustrious fame of 
Benchor in Ulster shoitld be entirely given to the 
Abbey of Bangor in A^^ales; 

Ilanmer farther asserts, that Fiirsa, Felan,- and 
Ulthan were illegitimate children of the king of 
Leinster ; but in truth, they were children of Hugh 
Bannin, king of Mu'nstcr, according to the history 
of the Saints of Ireland. In like manner, Hanmer 
tells many other lies in his account of Ireland, but, 
as it would be too tedious to mention them all, I 
shall ccjise to pursue him any farther. 

TQL. I. 1c Johp 

'd-^l^jT), ii<i b't\)<itp<i'{o : " Icijto;:a)ii t( vbctp, 

" >i-^)^i*De "D'VT-ne-, rnu|t ii ttiuj-o y^)h 1 >^ t V'ft'J'D 
** ) ii-'OMro)tCf." ^llfajHi cijr^ dn ccf crtiat)T)0 

^0)niC^ te )3|i)o?M-|:ollccii, iii<|; 'tx ccfrnicTtiH 
ii)|t <tri ii6f fo TO cuct|tct{5ct^5i;jt to Ca^^-C 
■ci)']\ i:]\obot<xp boccctii, "| xxo^-m:- utTiio)!, t 
tittc gaDaf) |tc- <t tt)f luctt) 110 jniiirtT) T)o 
•Deciiiatti (t)|i pjoUpjlJ -jDciirifT). -|?|t;of)^<iM'il(t 
>ici ii-ia|tlctt), ci5ct^ net ii-iictfcit V ) e, <t cti ) 
i\'d-]^]T) ; T n;r{ct)ni fU^'" -n^c c;o)i fca)tt]*De 
tx TDljjcCtt "00 ii:c:Z3ctj|i.C ri^y nd t^o i\Ce o]le 

t)ct tCllY^ctj-D it I'otl^ -fctl; CCf j)11 6e^TD>1d ; -] 

^OfiKOJi '■bo '{C]\)cd 50 f^isiriiaji :3 'ejm', 
6\]^, bjot) 50 |i<t)l^e <x ptT) ci jfce le- fciijd'^cfo 
) ttib^<ild, -M) f<ojt))ii ^o |ttj.]be- ^11 c'jal! to 
d) ttjge 4- t:^^i«u{ ttn i3)-o le ^^)r^)T)e- t?o licccctt), 
"7 Wil {]}} iif niCfvtjni 5'ii)i iib fp e f-* ect^j^ct 
•DO t<ih^': ^. 6)|S ttii ^cctjULj-Re- <:u))iCf |\o)nic- 
cuci|i<tf5ccl3ct)t YJ|i)i)('^ Y^)fUie <x)j\ bit Titt 
twbcjc j ^c?\jc to cufi fjof, t)l jjucctr^ -to 
ix tce]{T Y?i>i TO t<xhii]\\z orir^ct jTjft olc -j 
liictjcj 1 TO b^t)5 51171 dl' T^oMCo){5 Z',e-o\c 
■/ cjie <t>ie/io)-De-, t rt^|i ^ii|tajlCtfi ^(ojiie cjle, 



John Barclay, speaking of Irelan<!, has these 
'words : " Tlicy (says he, speakuig of the Irish,) 
*^ erect shght cabbins abput the height of a man, 
*' which arc in common for themselves and their 
*' cattie." I am of opinion that from the pains 
this man takes to describe the dweUings yand ha- 
bitations of miserable cottagers, and the dregs of 
the people, he may be jnstly ranked wit.h the 
sordid beetle, since he stoops in this manner tp 
give an account of the hovels of poor and wretch- 
ed creatures, and t;;kos iio pains to mention 
Qr describe the magnificent princely palaces of 
Earls and other nobility of Ireland j and I also 
tliink, that credit should not be given to him as 
an historian, nor to any other person who would 
follow his steps in the same path ; for which rea- 
son I reject altogether the testimony of Phineas 
JMorisoc, who has written in a ludicrous manner 
of Ireland j for notwithstanding the fluency of 
Ijiij stile in English, I think it was not possible 
for his pen to express in true colors all that he 
maliciously intended to say, and therefore I think 
him not wcrthy of being raiswered. For whatever 
historian professes to give a true account of the 
inhabitants of any country, ought to set forth 
l^oth their good and bad qualities • but because 
through wickedness and malice in this instance, 
and at the command of others who professed the 



) ti-Df)tnirt-D 5vtti nia)3 tia ii-C-)fi)OT)ac to 
rtiiope-ctrfi, -DO l"e)5 re- a>i ^ijcijujlbct jjilfiioit 
"DO fCitftuj-Dc- -00 cojitieaiD 'n-a frajji. )S 
jcfo, pincfjxo, |i)cijl<tc<t j{ j}i6o)rtiectt)rct jie- 

c^ifD OTii; Z)(? rcr^^w ini-cntoribus ; itii c^a"0 
tt]titctjt, *' ticf6 tttriidt) <6ti iij"6 D}iea5ac "DO 
tt^T);- vifi -o^.t ^ijajct)!, '^50 n6:c IdiiicfD 
g<i>i 5ctc fj ^1)1)6- T)0 cii^ flof," )omif Jiitc 
i^'jctjt) 4ni|Uif c^-'C-rfa, 110 tti)t^4-'otVd fan 
fc|i)5)i^. 21 rejft -^5f, ^o ii-otjjcC'ii -DO 
'fCi|;tt)t)e be^dfit ^ Lftct, cojii^-lfca, bfi]ac:|ia, 
T 5)ijonia 5^6 Y:o)|iiie- -Cct ri-ti)rjjrf) f <tii C|tjc 
^ <J^ jttb -DO l'^)tfi fcti'j^^^at), jnijt olc ^ riict)C 
1:0 4ic6cat), "n -DO Zjftjj 50 ^115 ^0]\)'{0i\ ) 
-nrriUHcfD gitti niajc 11a >!-''£■) ft)of)ac tdo 6uri 

4 lice ^\)<l■^\^xc<x)h |tfa)iifltt)ce, 1 -oa iiej^i f)it, 
n) cjOM fc4.e- -otjsce-sj; -DO ta^j^z -o'ct fCfi]Z;jn. 

5) i^c- TDO cujft'^eaf) riojrtic- >m)o«- 
cuii)icv5cfD "DO TD^dJiani a)|i tii'jl)ectfu)Z?, 
ti6 lo]\-^<^]]\icz <tj|i tocciijZ; *^0"D<ojHe- -co 

"Dvciiij fan Vy: ^ati "C(of5ar^flua5 )T)~e- : 
'^eaccaji Oftuf^aitftua j 11a Bjijocajtie ni6)fic-, 
-^oi)<d)He •rto)i-orm)f), '^a]T)5)t)e 11a ffiajuce-, 
f^DiijoftCjii \\<x SpUjiic-, <tof atiuafat tic; 



same intentions towards the Irish, he neglected 
to extol U)e virtues of Irishmen, he has disregarded 
the rule wl)icli an historian should pursue and 
observe in his narrative. The following, however, 
are tlie rules to be observed in writing an history, 
according to Polidoriis, in his first book, De rcrum 
inventovihus ; First, * not to dare to assei^ any- 
thing false j' and secondly, * not to presume to 
ponceal any truth,' in order that there may be no 
suspicion of partiality or enmity in the "Work. 
Hesaysalijo, that it is incumbent upon an historian 
to describe the customs ^nd life, the councils, 
words, and actions of every class of people in- 
habiting tlic country of which he has undertaken 
to write, and expose them both good and bad. And 
since Morison forgot to set forth the good quali- 
ties of tlic Irish, he has neglected to observe the 
foregoing rules, and consequently his Work is tin- 
v-orthy the name of an History. 

WhosQevc}- would undertake to make a short 
survey of the rude manners, and investigate the 
defects of the lower orders of people, would easily 
fill up a volume, for there is no country in the 
world without its low rabble: witness the churlish 
boors of Groat Britain, the populace of Flanders, 
the insignificant fellows of France, the dregs of 
Spain, the ignoble vulgar of Italy, and the meaner 



itiHt6, *] "00 5ll)i:tt|t jonicfo T)0)5evt{ joT)rct ; 
gjibCt), 11 j ])))ictt)iicc- (itt c ft joe 50 ])u)le vtjtt 

50 ii-Dtjjcffi cjoii frctfVit)"DL- "oo t<ib<i)j\z: ct)|i. 

tijri e-)tt)OT)cct)&, f<6)lj>ii iictc c?3jfi tne-af 
-fcafttij-De- -on tadd)j\z <tj|t, *] )f t>id|t ^]n ^ 

fct?;d)^c 50 -n-a gctojT), ^ ^,o it-d K^<x\\<Lp^ 
•00 ijejc ^5 tijcjii^cnb )-{ tict cCniplu;Z-j, "] 5e-ju 
<i5 6t T <t5 ^tt-cttDrgat) )oi)(:ct, 1110 vr^t'st^ft 
<t)ri Cbcim-De>i <tf) fo, ^Ufi tib ^ iict)|t ^cc^ 
qoH{5ct)ii clj<tfi 'e-jti)OTi tin -cjiaciiof f))t j 

<t ^^it^pju't, T an cctn f)n ^^in, ^ 6 fjn die, 
11 j 6lectccctt) f)n, itcc an cup -ojob -do ITn 
TD'ct ii-aMni)ctiiu)Z7 Y^e^)ti, ^ x)0 "Djutc -01 iicc 
])ua6(:ct)it^iiu)5 ■Dljjcjoca tdo ^j 6f a ccjoi^. 
C)5 Canmen *^e)n |tjf an Zi^jU^iia fo, ag 
Uxb^]]\-c aj|t 'e-j}i)T) : " 5)be- t}|io)i5 TJ^oZ), a^i 
'' f e, "DO 5ejji e- ^e^)n -do '\i]<it^iz<xt.z^ con5- 
" rim)-D )cfO Y^jn 50 iii5o)ti3u)Ufc ) 115 fiS- 
" 6fUiat)ata itjctjalca, a5 ^^ulfit'caf, ag 
" 5U)-Dr, '^ ag c^of5ini) -oti ^e-ctiigat) ^e)n.'* 
?l5 fo iiictfi a T3c-)|i Ca)M[jfienf)f {an 27 cab. 
ag tctZJajftc ajfi ^tci|i 'e-)ri)oT) itiaji an cc^-ona, 
" ct cCc cl)a|i tict zdlman {ju foiiiolca j:;rj 


sort of every other country, in vvliicli may be 
found a groat deal of uncivilized manners; yet 
the whole country is not to bfe libelled on that 
account, and whosoever would attempt it is, in 
my opinion, unworthy the name of an Historian. 
.And since Morison, speaking of the Irish, acted 
in that manner, I think it unjust to esteem hini 
as an Historian 3 and of Campion I am obliged 
to say the same. 

Camden says, that it is customary with the 
priests in Ireland^ together with their children and 
concubines, to take up their abode in the churches, 
.drinking and feasting there. In answer to Camden 
here, I must observe, that it was after Henry the 
•Eighth had bartered his religion, that the Irish 
Clergy began this irrehgious custom, and even at 
that time, and since, it was practised by those 
only who followed the dictates of their passions, 
and refused to submit to their lawful superiors. 
Camden himself, speaking of Ireland, agrees 
with me in tliis answer : '' If ziny, says he, dedi- 
** cate themselves to religiou, they govern them- 
" selves to a miracle with a rehgious austerity in 
" watching, prayiug, and mortilying themselves 
'"^ by fasting," Cambrensis likeuise, in his ^7th 
chapter, speaking of the clergy of Irofand, says, 
*' 'Vhc Clergy of this cou]itry are sufficiently 

^' C()mmendab}f^ 


*' TD^ ^'j^ujl jOTJcct, -DO frt)mj5 <t ii5C'}nruiU)5. 
" e<t6c net ?)u)le- fuZ^L-tjtce- )oTk ct." 2Lf fo 
jf )7icu]5ce, iictc j<L"0 5ct6 <o>i •Oiiotig to cW)]\ 
Gr)i^]OT) "00 clf^cctt) <tti "Ot^o^-fiof r-D, <icc 
<iii ■OftOM5 ci-finijctnctc -oo i^totiit) d cctijii5 
<trticc)>i, "I -DO c)ct5Cii) 50 fcjo^fru ctqccttiia^t ) 
ti-Cfu>iilct <t)|i <t ii-uct6ca7i^'nu)tj ectghijf). 
C)5 Scctii)bu|tf c te)f ctii nj ^)ii, fan -{C^ -do 

dsettitiid 1584 blj^tjtid. 2I5 f itl^ d TDejii, 
«* Bj )i5c)oti tig U|inid|t iict ii-'e-j|t)0T)a6, <t|i 
"fe, d)|i lijasalcdcr;" df fn ){ jtirujgrc- 
"riTt^ |tdj5 dii ■C)\Gt-V]6{ y-o, tuajTbCf Cd))i-Dirn, 
cojccjoi) ) 1\-Qrj]\)r}, d6c <i5 dti "O^^ojMg -co 
^Udn <i ccu)ii5 dnitc)ii, d)iia)t d TrliiidnKf 

21 -oejii Cdnire-if, 11^x6 im^ji c]an vo hpti 
dj|i p5fdt) ) 'i^^Grj]^]^) 5 Z;ctjlq5 iti6^id <xmdC^ ; 
5)-dC-d, 115 ^0|i -DO f]ii, "7 f6f jf ni6^i dJi 
ttidftd "DO Z3e-)ji -D'udjftjZ; 6-)|ijOT), )-0)ti gbdtl 

i?) -0^0115 'D)od <im\]ixnac, dnictjt ^lof )f 
5dc ii]lc- C|i^]C, licic b) urticil -d'Cc n-vaCCctti- 

-DO Chamve-u dii co]^\ lutc |id]l> cojccrjof) "OO 
cruft ) le)c iid ii-'6-)|t)0T)d6 <L)z^)te^{ dj^ dit 
cud)r, nid|i 0]lde-]n\ -b^p; o)|t, -ore i^ctj^ Trajnc- 
<io "Oidf, no U'^tiM tcnKfi);tnctc ti^jolJ, n) 


** commendable for their piety, and amongst other 
** virtues for which they are conspicuous, their 
** chastity stands eminently distinguished." From 
hence it may be inferred, that that evil custom did 
not universally pervade the Irish Clergy, but only 
the lustful few, who had thrown off all restraint, 
and departed schismatically in disobedience to 
their ecclesiastical Superiors. Stanihurst also 
agrees with this opinion, in his history of Ireland, 
which he wrote in the year of our Lord 1584 : 
" The Irish, for the most part, says he, are ex- 
** tremely religious j" from whence it appears, 
this prophane practice which Camden speaks of 
was not common in Ireland, except with those 
only who had rejected all authority, as we men- 
tioned before. 

Camden says, that no great respect is paid to 
matrimony in Ireland, except in the great towns; 
yet this is false, and is also a scandalous reflection 
upon both the English and Irish Nobility of Ire- 
land, because they generally reside in the country. 
However, 1 confess, that there are some enslaved 
by their passions, as in every other country, and 
who are unrestrained by their spiritual Superiors, 
yet, it is unjust in Camden to condemn and 
reproach the Irish who dwell in the country, for 
a crime so rarely committed ; for if one, or two, 
©r a few individuals be prone to vice, the entire 
you T.. \ population 


t^e- ■D<o)ii)5 ttiimj.tiictcct, iiac b^ot) iiiiiat 

fjn, 1^] bjiicufoca co)l3e)in eojccjof) TD'fc^jr^)oi> 
itup Cfte- bea5XM -oo t)cto)Me -oottirjuce, 
■pj^ojfgcc- -Dei tigiictcrgar. 

21 DC-jfi CctnipjOM fail -{ejfjOD cctjbpjl 
•do'h cbe^cfo ITDart -d'cc ^c^, 50 tnb^-o 'e-lr^joii- 
ti)5 corii fo6tic-j"Drtie-(tc T fjii, jo-ntif 5]be tijT) 
it t)e)|i)-D tt ti-iia6cct|ttt)ri, -o^ -bociic-i-Dce- ^, 

'>fu^{cd-cit ^tibu]it ct5 it fu)t)jU5d-D f jti. ?l5 
^0 ittt {ce-ixl, tiict|t ct C((, 50 f\<ip -pitetctp 
itnrfijitMctcb ) -n-e-jrtji), -DO 5') )n<triia)t |iC- cu^i 
5tt6 <6)ii iiejce ti-a I'tijte <t)|i a pobat, ^ 

ft<t)Z3e- ptiC|ia)c vo*n tc-)c ct ^c)5 -oo Upin 
bi)ct5>ic(, T pi'TDrtri <t5 pn^e-<i{<i)n fe ^e^jlt- 
■DO l'C-)c 5al(o5l<o,c 5<o)"Drtii)j:, do b^ itg 
pctcnajc TD'ct clnifi tifclcl) ) [3^U)rCf 2)^, 
1 5U|i jdZ) YC-ari5 pCDctrt Ic-jf fin, ^u|l 
bu<i]t -oVocbrijit fUtjqf 2S^ par|ittjc ) n-ct 
6Ct), 5Utt 5|t]f it ipctcaf, "1 JO b^uctiii <tii 
jOlACitjj-O cocr5a*D T30 bfiji; dji fc^-^t -Oil. 
t/o Y|vl5|tct itjji Cbitni|3)oti 511^1 iib cofnialct 


population of a country is not to be flliberaHy 
aspersed on their account. And as to what other 
writers say of a matrimonial contract for one 
j'-ear being common in Ireland, it was never prac- 
tised, except by prophane irreligious people, who 
resisted their Superiors ; and for that reason, thi» 
general infamy should not be brought on the Irish 
Nation, on account of the practises of a few in- 
docile and untractable individuals. 

Campion says, in the sixth chapter of the first 
book of his History, that the Irish aife sb credulous, 
that whatsoever their Superiors tell tliem, however 
incredible it be, they think it to be true; in proof 
of which he relates the following dull fabulous 
tale: " There was in Ireland, says he, a licentioiis 
Prelate, who; was able to impose any thing on 
his people, and he had but a. scanty supply of 
cash; in hopes however of obtaining: a subsidy 
from them, he told them, that a few years ago 
St; Patrick and St. Peter had a quarrel about 
an Irish Galloglass, whom St. Patritk wished to 
introduce into Heaven, but that St, Peter, enraged 
thereat, struck St. Patrick on the head witli the 
key of Heaven, and fractured his; s^-ull ; in con- 
sequence of which story, the Prelate obtainccfa 
contribution froii[i the People." In rcnlir to Cam- 
. -■ pion. 

^Ti {0 f jie- clu)c:ceo)|i -co hi^xyb 015 fiejc 

u)i)r. 'Oj|i c)OT)ct{ -cob '^^'0]]\ 50 cc|iC)-Df e-at) 
Cti;o{cu)-Dc7 fctM 5joc TDit iicijZ; ) >i-6-)ri)i) 50 

ij^)f cu)ttc- T mjli^ btjajict^fi 6 fO)»!; i Y^^f 
5Uft a I? Y^)Of "DO 5ctc x)ii]>ie 5U|t ttb c-o6ct)fi 

pe-d-Ddfi, Ujme fpi >HectfvT)n guj^ &ftea5 
'b<dt^{nzix TDo cum Cdniy^jon fan }\)-b f)iij "7 

^C|ijob J tcvf d TOciJis ti^fi cdjc a6c -oejc 
fCccnfujMr |ie- ^cfijotj fcctj^e- net iye-)r^)OMii, 

^a5ctnc Sct^^otictc "CO b) <i'S fe-otttt) fcojle- 
I Lu]iiinect6, c(]|i '6)fi)oiocu)ZJ, <tii can fct ]}<6)f 
■co*ii C'sear^-Md 1566 btjctctid: " Cjne fo, 
*' d|i -(d-y tt c^ t^t)"0)rt ) cco^\3y T d rcc lucni^, 
" d5 tt mb] )T)qT) YC'r^cj^ <i?^'0, pizlCtc jettit 
«' li^of co^diiid)!, iieatfico)5edlcdc djji d 
*• ml^e-dCdjt), d5 tt mbj Y^ildHg f<6cdjfi, Y^' 
'* drcd T ocjidjf, dg tt iiibj c^ondiD jic- 
^'' Tidnxrn "Dfir'f), Z3jaf )io6ff){d ^e l)<6)"Ded- 

" -Oll^r?, bud^nflY^ldC ) -M5|1dT), "DOfdfdJjce 

** ) D\:dtrdittf, b^of ^o6fic-)-onied6, h)o{ 
f Yof).ii-tfi u)fi clu -o'vtijd)!, 55o{ nfniYOjflTfc 
" dift n)d^ld, 110 dj;t g^d^cojft -o'Y'uIdfig.'* 
?l5 ;{a Y^r ^^^ ^^"K^ "^0 ^1^ Scdii)hunfc 
jpfifid, pan, " v\'Cm T\c-'^u]ljr,-^t]ct <x]^ 


pien, I submit that he here appears less in the 
character of an Historian, than of a juggler vend- 
ing his mountebank squibs on a scaffold. For, 
how could any Christian in Ireland believe that 
St. Patrick could get his scull broken, since he 
died above a thousand years ago ; and since every 
one knows that the key of St. Peter implies his 
authority, and that it is not a key made of iron. 
Wherefore, I think that Campion forged this silly 
lie himself; and since he himself confesses in the 
Epistle prefixed to his Work, that he spent but 
ten weeks in writing his History of Ireland, I do 
not consider any more of his falsehoods worthy of 
jan answer. 

The following is the testimony which Mr- 
Good, an English Priest, who kept a school in 
Limerick, in the year 1566, gives of the Irish: 
** They are a people, says he, of robust bodies, 
" and great agility, of a brave and exalted mind, 
*' of a penetrating and warlike genius, prodigal 
" of life, patient of labor, cold and hunger, of 
** an amorous inclination, most hospitable to 
" strangers, constant in love, implacable in en- 
" mity, credulous, greedy of fame, and impatient 
" of reproach or injury." Stanihurst also bears 
the following testimony ; " In labor they are a 

*^ people 


2)0 rej5 Sc-011 7>db){ iacz j tcftj v6{u]'b a 
cct ^ct^i nibi^ejrCn'uiuf' zna]tc- ] n-'e-jr^ji). 2Ui 
^^tfo -V^ob, an catidjfoe- -do cCcc -^^ Dfiajup 

fO;1) -DO b') djfl dfl '^'^e-ttfl.ttlM )T3)fl corti- 
tMl)|t(t)C|t)Z), -O^ tigctjiimp 5o)U Gavelkind, 
iri.t|t d ■n-De-ciii~<o) minn-iio)!) )T>]f\ tid coni- 
inb^<i)t^p d]|t dn 5Y^ed|idTi. 2tii z^C^ ^^6{t 
e]^)c vo 5vtM)t d tnafitJcfD "oujtie. 9)0 
Yfifglia d^|i dti iijt) fi>i, 11^6 ffujt c^tjo6 
^dii bj6c jf iid6 TDe^vtncdii indld)|ic d)|i 

c^p ttial^c ^ fCd)-o iict Cjijce. tl^ir^ -{l^ 
iij jictbd-Odft Met C|i^) ii6]f d)ri tid n-oit-Drjat) 
fdti rMb^ejcCrtnicif cudjce, 5ii|i l-;n5)0"bari 
eir^joTTiijj ctjrt ^o^ai) "] dj|A £ro)iibl)occ -oo 
De-jc yo)^ ^ctc TDct 6jt^36 -o^ob, joi)uf 50 
t)ib']-oif as iH^jiiidT), dft at^5d)ti, i a5 Cfit'cdt) 

1 -D'oUdniiictjO 'C-]]Koy) dii ro6a)t -do i[;j d5 
ca)J;Lc(: -oo'm Cvt^^micd^o -do h) ]"0)fi rfmior^ 
lid ])'£-)|i)ni) dii Trail {p\, vo liievtfcfDctji juj^ 
t*djti6)0f fici cttj -.1(5)^ r-o t:* OifOro^^"^* ^^1t* 



" people tlic most patient of all miinkiml, and 
** seldom despairing under the greatest dilliculties." 
Spencer says, that the Saxons originally received 
their alphabet from the Irish, aiid consequently, 
that they were unacquainted with every branch 
of Literature, until instructed by the learned 
of Ireland. 

John Davies condemns three customs sanctioned 
by the Irish laws : First, that the Tanist (brother 
of the deceased, or the second i« the succession)' 
should inherit before the son of the lord of the 
estate ; secondly, the partition of the estate among 
the brothers, called by the English, Gavelkind, 
by which the land is equally divided among them; 
thirdly, receiving a fme for murder. In answer 
to this I must observe, that there is no country 
in which the laws and customs do not vary, ac- 
cording to the changes which take place in the 
situation of its affairs. So these three customs 
were not established by the law of the land, until 
the Irish fell into broils and conflicts in every part 
of the country, killing, robbing and plundering 
each other in such a manner that the Nobles and 
learned of Ireland, considering the calamities that 
were approaching from these general dissentions 
throughout the Island, thought fit to establish the 
tluree customs abovementioned. First, they con- 


tictni b<tfi<tticu)f ci)|t ftuctj gactt Cjtjce- "Oct 
^\Xp ) n-'e-jftjT), ^5 cof tictni <i 5C]ijoc •] ct 
w<iop\G- -D^p : 5)rt "Oct mbat) e- tin mtjc ) 
ii-(t)C iiti ctcrt|i -DO iJ)at) ai), "oo b'-j^^j-ojii <ijt^ 
xi<t)|t)5 un tnctc -do 5c-)c *ii-ct m]0)Ud]{, "] nia|i 
f)ii, 5itn Z?e-jc )ti^e-at)tnct |ie cofiictiti it 6fi'j6e' 
'^^]^, 7 (t 'Duc'VTs X)o loc df a tof f )>i. f/)o^ 
h* l-)t)j|i ^6f gctti <t)i "Oti|Ut ii6f "DO iJe)c <t)}i 
tiia|itd)n ) ii-6-jri)T) tin zan f)ii, tnctfi <t Cti 
an fO)T) ^oninibrtrt)crte<ic -do bc-]t <t)ji <ih 

<iii cud|i<tfDal TDO iia6ctt) -00*11 l^on budtictibct 
•00 ^o)feo>icfD an C|tjoc j ^jibe-cit), <tn CdH 
•00 |to)i)r5 dti cbft joci) j-Ojji net coniZ^^djcji)^, 
TO ij'joT) <xr\ cort0|idca)|i -do bet trjd m^f* 
■D5'n YedjtOT), co)niff5cfD ^e cofnani utt 
c^^cbe- f d n-ct t))cc)otl T tdo bjot) dn cc-^xun- 
fe<tt)nd -00 ZJ)0"D Ofirtd. ^^J0|i D'>:ej-C)ft 
-f^f wd|t dn 5ce^"Dnd, gdn dn e)|i)c -oo be-]t 
dti buti dn Cdn -{jn, ^)|i •ott nid^itJdi) iDujiie 
nedcb dn cdn f)n, tjo ^^ixbdi) cunidji^ce fan 
cbfijcl) -00 bo '^]vix{<i -DO, 1 ro b^)s '^^^ ^1c"0 
d)|t cburtidf cd^^d-o <i'\^ z'e- vo nid|ibc<d), 
ciijC)u5dti, no e)n)OcldT) do bud)n -De- f^jn, 
•o'd5T^d)T)j-f d 5<aicd {ixn cbjon, nidfi f nictcl?- 
crjdT) d)|ifjo>i, T TX) bfijj ndcb b]ot j\yii 
dti Tfid|tlJcd d5 dn ngdol, n^)0|t Tbljtre-dcb d 
"^fujl "DO •bO|tcd"D, sjibe-di? "oo or|trj cttjn 



sidered it expedient that the Tanist should suc- 
ceed, in order that erery tribe in Ireland might 
have a captain capable of leading them to the 
field, and of protecting their country and pro- 
perties : For if the son were put in his father's 
place, it might probably happen that he would 
be a minor, and of course on that accbuntj inca- 
pable of defending his own country and patrimony 
from hostile attacks. Nor was it possible in Ire- 
land to dispense with this second custom, namely, 
dividing the estate among the brothers: for other- 
wise the rent of every country would be insuflicient 
to pay the number of soldiers necessary for its 
defence; but when the lands were divided, the 
brodier who had the s*Ballest share, would be as 
active in endeavouring to defend his country, 
as the chieftain himself Again, it w^as impossible 
to avoid receiving a fine for murder at that time, 
for if a man murdered another, he might find 
protection in the next country j so, as it was 
impossible for the friends of the deceased to cause 
him to make a recompence or compensation, 
they, as a punishment on him, put his relations 
under tribute; and because his relations were not 
privy to the murder, it would be unjust that their 
blood should be shed, yet they w^ere amerced, as a 
TOL, h , m punishment 

dfiftci -rti\t|i Y))ictcbcr5<i"b i an z] -co i^n^ov 

-Jiojf ttg cojrhe-s-o <xn ti6)f f)ii, itjoft cbiectfDit 
•DO SbtrOJi 7)(xh){ lochz T3'ytt5a)t a)fi citi 

r^jf tiH x)ct -iiof e)le, nj ^a]b cectcbc tia 
^agmajf j ^i-l^jr^jT) <tM cctii -oo l)n|i"DVij;e<t"6 

e^dtrniaf cucijte ci^jocct ; 6)|t 5)0^1 50 ^fujlp 
Oj^teaifi'tiacl) -c'C^j'^jt) a /io)f,' "Oo l)\xX)d]i 
^jgectticdcb a)i can tdo bOffOTitecfo ^^^'o. 

<of cl^cfo "DO ^ejc ct5 tt i\'XUi]'{tp -) rr)t»ioj>/ 
t)d Z>yoT)cf6 xjdjb, -] ^6{ f<6)|ife- -00 be)t <i5 
tt fp|i&)"D, 7 tt5 i:t b|?eafiftiinfZ;, 7 ^5 <? 
'Y::^ert|tixi). ?l5 fo ii\(i]\ vt Tc-j/i, ^5 IctZiajfc 
ort^td J "21 c^ ^5 net >fi<i,)t)d-(] a i^x)l)i.tQ(5}^\yb 
" 'fe-jn TiCi iigctjfinij't) Bfic)ce<tnitt)>i, <t fcct)|t- 
'* ceofijT) |tc- fcii^o^'^'D tt ii5)'ijo7ti, tt leajri, 
*< ct ^^)lra"Dcc -Oct ii5a)fi)n)t) 1Kc)|\-d, "] vt 
"luce fc-ctiinid, T Y^it|taT) c)T)t:e ro ^ac <on 
*' -ojoZ/ fo, 7 jct-D itg ttjcjv-tat) ) 11-ct Y^^t'Tid-T) 
<'>fe)H, •] 5ac <oM -D^jo^ T-o t^c-p t]X)ce ^fc 
" fectc i itict^i a ctt na bnc jceaiiui^H -co C|ie;5 
*' 1 "00 fto)T)C-a-b "D'^jjiie-, na S:a-nt .t-ba no 

*< )kt SCctJflCraj/l^jt) "DO t\\Q:]by 7 TO f [Ojf)ta"D 

" ejle-, T nict|i fj)i -do tixc c)k- D f]H £tnia6.j 

** <on TDJo^ J M-ct cc-)fm Yi^jM, -) bj-o [ucc a 
" leaicct )f net bc^aLfOHiiO f)ii r6]5 ^c-))i td^ 


■punishment on tlio murderer; au<l since the 
same custom prc\ ails in England at present/ it 
was not candid in John Daries for that reason to 
find fiuilt Mith the Laws of Irelan(|. As to 
fhc other two customs, it was impossible to dis- 
pense with them in Ireland, and therefore the 
legislation of the country is not to be censured ; 
for, though they be not now expedient for the 
kingdom, yet they were \^y necessary at th^ 
titne they were estabiished. 

Camden affirms that the Irish Nobles have tlieii' 
own Judges, Antiquaries, Poets, Physicians and 
Af usicians, whom they endow with lands, and that 
their property, persons and patrimonies are free ^ 
he says, " These Noblemen have their own law- 
yers, whom they call Brehons, or Judges, their 
Ilist-orians to record their exploits, their Physi- 
cian?, their Poets, whom they stile Bards, and 
their Musicians, and certain lands assigned to 
each, and each in his own district^ and of a sepa- 
rate and distinct family ; viz. the Brehons of one 
Tribe and Name, the Antiquaries or Historians 
of another, and so of the rest, who instriict their 
children and relations^ each in their own science, 
and they always have successors in their several 

•J-' Sec Blackstone Com : b. 4. c. 14. p. 195. 

" fjo^t/'* 21^ net b^\)dt]ux]b{) Cbvitn-Deju- 
)■( ^olluf, 511/1 ttb m<i)t ail c-OfiXjfsdi) -©o 

ti-eat(Xt)iii } 6)|t cugdt) <eiX^<xi) olUriitia6c<t 
TDO gvtc <6}i Z)\epy joi^uf 50 mbjop cocrsat) 
itcct ^&j}i |ie f<or}m5<fD net ii-e-citd"6ct>i, 50 
i^cLc ccujfteaT} bc^cct^c "Otc iro^'Vini jaiD; •] 
'^^f ){ ^ an to- ^<i ■Dlt^'fSti'VTce fan e-dlcfDct)ti 
tdo'm c^e:Z? f)ii, 110 t?o'H rjtejZ; ejle, x)0 
je^beai) oltctnma^?^ ita ^ta)ce ^e-ct/t'^T^ "DO 
Ijjot) aj5e-, T TO trjjecfo "be fjii 5dc <6n 
-0^)0^3 -DO tiectticini r'jicjlt ^j|i Zjejc |i6 eota^ 
) ii-a e-cclvt-DctjH Y0^)n, j tiT)o)5 tie 5|ie-ciiMU5ci"b 
net l)ottct)iuia6<:ct cctji txn cc>?tD e)te td'cc 
j:|ie)Z7. ]{ ni6)re- ^6{ -do ^ra-odi) na be-ctl- 
ifonct fo -co 6o)nif itTD j n-'"6-)|t)T), mdti -do 
otttJ'vTjjo-oaii uctjfle- e-)r^]OT) ctYniOT) ^ conia]|ice 
•DO 5e)c <i5 -^edt^oii, tt5 pecc|ifon'^i5, ^ ag 
YPiie-jT) net n-Oltctriktu, )oi)uf an can ro 

tiac gcujii^eat) buaptie-ai) no co)|init^a.{5 
ti)|i na ])otta.)ti>ni5, ntt a) ft na ■oalcamiij 
^otlania -do Z3)ot) aca, "D'tt •Dco)|inie-af5 a 
^(pctiiiBat) /!<?' n-6ata"Dan^ 

* Habent hi ni.iLrnates suo? juridicos, quos vocjint 
Breliones, suos hi.sLoricos, qui res gestas describunt-^ 
medicos, poetas, qnos Bardos vocaur, ct Citliancdos, 
nuibus singulis sua pra;clia u-ssignata sunt, et siuguli sint 


professions." From these words of Camden it is 
jnanifcst, that the Irish established a good insti- 
tution for the preservation pf their liberal arts^ 
for to ever}^ tribe was assigned collegial land, a^ 
a provision for those who applied tliemselves to 
science, in order tha|; they should not be oppressed 
by povert}' j and moreover, lie who was most 
eminent in science of this or another tribe, was 
always the person on whom the Chief bestowed 
the lands, hence it caine to pass that every oi^e 
endeavoured to arrive at eininence in his art, im 
hopes of obtaining the professorship, before the 
rest of his tribe ; and s.o it was the more possible 
too, to cultivate science in Ireland, on account 
of immunities and protection granted by the no- 
bles to the lands, the persons, and properties of 
the Professors j so that notwithstanding the con- 
tentions between the Irish and English, the learned 
Professors and Students were never disturbed or 
molested, or at all impeded in the prosecution of 
^heir studies. 


in unoqu.oque tenitqrio, et e certis efc singulis fainiliis ; 
scilicet, Brehuiics uaius stirpis et noininis, Histc/rici 
altcriu^^, et sic cie ceteris, (jui siios liberos, sive cognatos, 
in sua ([ualibct aite eriidiunt, et seuipcr successores 


•00 feotat) fc(^t TDo'ii fI)|Ut]iic, i ^<o)t)m 


^j tc-cxii'^ctni TO Z?|ie-ac:Mv5dt) Met tma-D- 
^bctllfo irjof tt itia, iiict cic 5u^i ctb joni^bd 
i\) ^ujnj-o f jof 11-ct fc^vT^ -DO Y^a-OY^ii)i)e- 
•DO i3|t^a5iiv5dt) ; "DO b^)t, ii|\rii6)t a -fC|tjo- 

•o'r^-DctiiCtf dca tte- ii-a'fG|ijo^a-D cccc )T))fe 
fce^ttt ttjiiccctf-Dac -00 i)^ '^tuicriidii 'D'C-li^f), 
T DO i)j <t)iieolac fctn c^Cdti^uf, ^)^ ]{ 

lift ft obficfDct|t fatuf -DO r<]\z "Doittooii K 
ttii ^edii6ii{, itidit fjji 11^0)1 5'y^)dj|1 t)6'p 
cnliif "DO Dejc ) fCctticti{, no ^ feaM"urtUi)& 
<t^jf1)o^) dCct. 

Ccttrib)ieii{)f -00 5;a/^ |iC" d <x]{ b.i^iciiicuf 
•00 "D^ctiidvi vti|i ta^, ){ cc{n\y\t lc-){ gun 
nb "Octtl 110 -o<6) <:u5 ^]\d]-{eolu{ -fcibvili -co,- 
iMct|\ <^Uf\ V^^S^i;^^ ^alJtiit CbudCct 2)e ."DttndT) 
^ctji tua"b "DO fif ct)ia?tf iq|i|e, "7 50 |Uti3cfDd|t 
Cfi^ bl)aj;)ia ce-ctfo ct -oo "pre c&zc ) cchluf 
'djr^joi), T ^,0 lUtZ^cfOctfi iioj t^')j;re- ibjoO ) 
h'^[^x]t]o{ 6-)|t)aT), *] S- <i)]\ tisd/Hijl |tc- d <t)f 
ced-Q ^.cilHtld e-)|t)OT) -DO ciifi {]o{, ^e- 50 
tiibdiD j 5dbtt)t Cbeaf|\d6 ^, -j it^ic jd^uyo 
lid {eaiicdDd 50 c)i)re ni-tfi 5dZ;dil t^ict. 


Vie read iji the sixth book of CcPSar's Common- 
tarieS, that tlie same privileges were enjoyed by 
the learned sages who went from the west of Eui-'ope 
to teach in France, whieli custom I think they 
brought from Ireland. 

I shall no longer pursue the opinions of Eng* 
]i«^h writer^, siiiee most of what they relate can 
be so easily Confuted J because the greater part 
of those who wrote so maliciously of Ireland, had 
no other foundation for their assertions, than the 
base tales of persons who bore an inflexible ha- 
tred to Ireland, and were ignorant of its history; 
for it is evident, that the Irish professors of History 
liever gave tlieni any information; for which rea- 
son it was impossible that they could know any- 
thing of the history or antiquities of the King- 

Cambrensis, whomidertook to give a correct ac- 
count of every thing, appears to have received a 
torrent of fabulous stories from some blind man, or 
dunce, since he omitted the contjiiest of the Thuha 
Dedanann, who possessed Ireland diie hundred 
and liihety seven years, during which tirtiie nine 
of their Kings held the sovereignty ; and having 
undertaken to mention the conquests of Ireland^ 
he SQts down Casar's as the first, yet the anti- 
quaries never considered it a<5 a ponqurst. though 



5 ; n tn^.xfTDn -)ia6 )ictji? -fecit) ) ^e<t>icuf 
'e-)|tjOT) "DO loftg a)5e, <icc at)iJvt)t |te iH^)cCf- 
"Duf -DO ca6a]|\~ -a)^ Y'^Tr^jf) net ])e-)|i)oi) no 
•»iirtj)4 ]ie n-ct I'jT) fe-)>i, ^ <i))i <i -{jHfjoiUTZ? 
jionipcc. Jf 5C-<x|ifi '^^y ttii uct)it "DO ijj <i)5e 
-dj/t ^U(tj\cr5ii-b "DO "DfctritiTii <tjjt fectncuf 
6)|t)0T), -DO bfijs tict^t cajc cccc bljajajii 50 
U-]t )i)f 5afi -Dot ) Sd;<oj5 j *] <t)|i nibe-)c -d' 
ti fc^ 5aii Z;e)c ci^jocnujjce -do ^^xg-vii) 
cuj-D lejct)!)^^^^ tt'*j-Da td^j a)|i ^rt^ttm 
^Onip^jn -DO Y^j-n, "Ociii 5'djtini Br)tc)4vt)ii 
Yc^wolu Ujttic- f j>i, <t r^ -00)5 xt5<tni 5)be- 
Iect5c6)|i conir|totii l'e)5Y^ett{ gctc L-')ieci5iiv5(it5 

X)^ ii-oe^ctiiajni tx]|i CbctriibjietifH'» ") ^^)r^ ^^'^^ 
tnicfo-'gbctttujZ? I'e-ct-niif a 10^15, 511^1 ctb niio 
ciic-p^jtie-^ <tH b^e-ct5nrj;at) "DO jiijm y^)ii 
<i)|t <t mbf^'e-^x'supy p\<i To'ii jT)jf)M fce-ctt vo 
5tij-o ctt^, (§)|^ <i cctjiii (of-Da, 1 -D^iojis 
•bjo^fitn 65, -DO 6ori^c me, -j zu)^)m ]^rtjni- 

ja-D, T -Dec 5>^Ct)CjT)^f 11') CY:5f)-DC- teo jdT?. 

2J)oc ^eoc ii 6ejtt, lut ti]|t -^u^xdjlpn] <oin:>nie 
•DO fu)t tie '{oc<i]i -D'v^j^]^ iitijf), cii)|t)ni 
fonictm fcl -Mii be-)|ijOT) -DO fcfjoD^-D, vXCC 
"DO ^3^1^35 5ut^ liiectfiif iit(|i 5'oiji<2)Of <t corii 
0>i6|ict6 -DO t^^c -] cot?iuct)fle ^ac ^.o]j\ne- 
T)^ ii)Cjt; 5, "DO "Dol ) ml\xt<i-b, 5<tii lu<i-D 
110 jnifctt) ro "c^ana-nt Ori^id, -] me-ct^ftij^M 


they speak of if in their wriftngs : Wherefore I 
think that thi.-; writer had no other intention in 
writing the History of Ireland, than to misrepresent 
tlie Irish ivijo iived in his time, and their ances- 
tors. Besides, he had but a very short time to 
investigate the antiquities of Ireland, because he 
spent but a year and an half here, before he re- 
turned to England ; and his History not being 
' completed, he left it to the care of his companion, 
. uhose name was Bertram Verdon. Therefore, I 
. hope that ever}' impartial reader who shall peruse 
my confutations of Cambrensis, and the English 
writers who followed his steps, will give more 
credit to my refutation of their falsehoods, than 
to the stories which all of them relate. For I am 
advanced in years, and many of them were young, 
I have seen and understand the original records 
of our history, but they iiave not seen them, nor 
if they had, would they have understood them. 

It is not through any partiality for any class of 
people, nor at the instance of any man, in hopes 
of obtaining a re^^•ard from him, that I propose 
writing an History of Ireland, but because I re- 
flected that so noble a country, and such worthy 
Inhabitants, ought not to sink into oblivion without 
some History or account of themj and I conceive 
it more reasonable to receive ray testimony in 

vol. I. n fhe 


5u^ ab c^^nrTje* ma cejfc -do ^<iV>^)l <x)^ 

CfiCtccttj)}], -J ^jbc- left cti? ni6|i a n-ai7|tu)>M 

ipctjt), ct5 ca^ctjiic motet r^t^ itu|t 
cujltjo-odfi 0|i|ia, -] imJ 'fC-jn -vo ftn-^balla)/?, 
•00 ii^jft mo ZnuictTDctfct; -] iiitc rit 50 niotsti^ 
^n ^oi) le)f 5ctc fcciftu)-bi- -oji fcji^*^^^^'^^ 

iiuj.t)5bctll fcafiujre- -ore fC|t^oZ;aT) u)]\^e, 
1 H ^^H O^' '^0 b]^]o{''^'o )ti)fe )tc- f c|ijoi?ctT) 
net fcct)fic-f) a)^i e-)|ijoT)c\rZ), ct)|i ntep net 
Cfiudjge -DO jaZj )ne ^ttn ii-ectgc^jft "oo gtij- 
cea|t <t)fA e-i|i)oiicvF5 leo. 2)ct vzxistao}, zj\<i, 

<t ccc ) it5ct)f5ectitilct^c, ) lc-)5)oii(:cicc, •] jf 
xa itibe-)c -Ditivi^jOM ]f ctii c|ic-)-Djoni 6dco)l)ce. 
2Ui iti^)-o bect>ia{ |te ii<ortict)5 6-)|iioi) 11I H^^'^ 

'CIO 'bj\)S 50 Z?p?t)T3 tl^-Ddj)! 60)5C|t]6e ?1ct 

be-ori)3ct 'Vile <v5 (t a-Dnictjl, guii rjotmnrjie 
e-jjte ^rt ti<oni>T^ ]>itt <onc*)'t)oc c-jle- ){ <iw 

$inD-^td)»:ectf ^id ^ojt<tni.t j 'H-6"))i)i) ciom 
X'\6m\X]\ "1 fin, ^Uft hi(^ucz ^] foijtne ^05- 
Ictmcrt uctjce Ye)>! -oo'n f ?);ta)Mc, TX)*tt e-d- 
•Od^le-, "oo'ii 5lx:Ufinid)tt, 50 fl5M-Oftiif, 50 
Sd^0j5 T foO b2Ubdjti; >ndri )f ^olhif df d?» 
inbriotld6 d r^ dg d>i tcdi)d|\ j 11-^ fcrijoDdt) 
'^edcd pbdCfidjc, Clx^hinib C)IIe, •] Bb^'jjjTDC 

J nil?^dftld\ 


the account I give of the Irish, because I rhieny 
speak of the Gadthans,* and whosoever thinks 
l4>at I say too much of them, should not supyjose 
that it is through partiaUty, praising them more 
than they deserved, since I am myself of ancient 
British extraction; and if the country be praised 
by every historian who treats of it, so its inhabitants 
are abused by every modern English writer, and 
for that reason, and being much grieved at the 
injuries done to the Irish, I was incited to write 
an History of Ireland. If then, a true account 
were giveii of the people of Ireland, they would 
be found as commendable as any nation of Europe 
in three things ; namely, in valour, in learning, and 
in a steady adherence to the Catholic faith, As 
to the Saints of Ireland I shall not boast of their 
number, because every European author cx^n- 
fesses that Ireland produced a greater luimber of 
Saints than any other country of Europe ; and 
they also acknowledge that learning extended its 
empire so widely in Ireland, that she sent forth 
5(wurms of learned men into France, Italy, Ger- 
many, Flanders, England and Scotland, as ap- 
pears from the preface to the book containing the 
lives of St. Patrick, Columb-kill and St. Bridget 


* i. e. Tlie aboriginal Irish, tlie posterity of Gal or 


titicctrtiujt, -DO ZJ/t^S 5^ liglaiiccto) ) ^V^f 

Uct)f te, e-a5U){e, ^ Otlctriittn tf-lri)of} ; H]OX) 
a ^jd"DH>Tf) f)n <i)ft tict i:|t^j?iil=eaO|t^fZ){o -f jof 
a z^ fie- ti-ci i;^<t]cf)ii f ?3{ ) ii-'6-])ijf), nivt^A a 
c^, Salcct)|t Cbctjfjt, "CO fC|tjot) Co|miac 
ii<Ofiira )iictc CriI)orirt)it, 71^5 "ort c5;5r<iib 
^)'Y•m^x^\y T ctfn3C-ct<fbc5 Cba)f]l, Lc-.tbdfi 2l|fD- 
iMdCct, Lea^ct^i cInAiia bajtfieac ^joi'K'vfH 
) L<oj5jf, Sctlcct)^ 114 ^ciT), "DO ^c^tjoi? 2I011- 
511^ ce)Ie- 2)e, LectZj(i|t j;l)Tie--o^-l'o^, L^abiX]\ 
tict ccevtfi", "DO fcfiy^ij Be-]tieii iKoHird nmc 
Sc)f5iicjn, U)t))ri Cb]ct^ttj)i -DO {C|ijoiJ<fD 5 
cclva)ii ttijc /V(3if, LcaZ;ct^ bii^t)e- tlbotjuge, 
T Le(tZid|t -0110 <^)?)otd^ct. 21^ fo ^^o{ fii)iti 
tid ledDd)i -DO b') '{C]\^)dbt<i ]O"0'Cct f)ii, iriaii 
<t ccc, ail LCd^ari gcti^ald, Led5a|\ iicc cc5)5)ot), 
T?e))ti )?jo5tui)pc-, Lcvt^Jti >ia ii-<6f, LeatJd)t 
cortictjnifjOfnbdccit, Cc-ctDd|t ■o)tni-fe-vtii6ujf, 
le-<t5it|i t>ct)iifc-ctti^Yif, dii Le-d^ct|t -ort 1150)11- 
rjOfi c6irt dHnidii), <tji Ic-ciijctrt tti w^o)^t]0]\ 
vim:ceapr, t30 fCfi'joi;CedT)^<6l'.t tictf 65 lama. 
•] <i)i Leai)a|i -oit -M50)tic)0fi 2ltii^ict Cboliim 
Cjtl^, TO fC|tjob 2)citltiu forifcYiU 50 ^t^o-o 
) tiTDjcip Z3ti)f Cbohijni CjUe. 21 cti ^6^, 
mafU)! -co ^rct|tt^j5 file- ttc- vt /lYctjc^jti ) 


in English. And as to the chronicles of 
Ireland, we must admit them to be of good 
authority, because they were solemnly purged 
and examined every third year at tlie convention 
of Tara, in presence of the Nobility, Clergy and 
learned Doctors of Ireland; and to prove this, 
t he following original records are still to be seen 
in this country, viz. the Psalter of Cashel, writ- 
ten by the holy Cormac ^lac Cullenan, king of 
both the provinces of Munster,* and Archbishop 
of Cashel, the Book of Armagh, the Book of 
Cluan-enagh-Fintan in Leix, the Psalter na Rann, 
written by Aengus the Culdee, Book of Glenda- 
lough, the Book of Rights, written by St. Benignus 
son of Sheisgnen, the Itinerary of Keeran, written 
in Cluan-vic-Nosh, the yellow Book of jSIoIing, 
and the black Book of Molaga. The following 
works are also contained in the foregoing, viz. 
The Book of Conquests, the Book of the Pro- 
vincesjf the Book of Reigns, the Book of Epochs, 
the Book of synchronical events, the Book of 
topography, the Book of pedigrees of Women, 
the Book of etymology, the Uraicept, or Gram- 
niar of Canfaela the Learned, and the Elegy on 
Columb-Kill, written shortly after his death by 


* Thomond, i. e. north Munster, and Desmond, i. e. 
south Munster. 

t Containing genealogies of all the families of each 


fc- d bfx]c{)y\ 1 |ie- d 5>^vii{tie^]^, ttidft d c^ 
CdC 71111^56- f)ncj\u)me-t 0)j]t) iid ccufidt), 
Cdc Cbjt;of).i, Cdi -Tioficoiuii:, Cdc ??u^-nd 
|t)oj, Cdc 9;^ui5fdtid If, Cdr fjhnis^ r^^^> 
Cdt 9'^bu)5C- cudtupig T i)i6fi^ii ejle -oo fca- 
}tu)ZJ ti^c tua)t)>!)om di^ fo. 

"DO i)e)c bd;t^>icdniu]l, ttid^i -oo h) d{ qotm 
"Dec c^rc oUartt |ie {edticuf -^5 co)Mit-d"D fedn- 
ciufd >id b^fijof), T cotrjdt) 6 ud)fl)5 e-)|i)OT) 
dg 5dc <oH "ojoZj -o'^ 6^01), T f ii^jtidt) udjf le- 
•] ed5ujtf) e-j^ifi) 0|t|td 6 <t)nif)|t 50 l)d)iiif)ft. 
jS moj-oe-, tvtdjt dii cc^TDiid, ^f )MC|iej-oce 
"to ) ii-d|ifu]t)ea6c d ctt d'o, -J -f^f, iict6 
■ce-dCdT) ba-ttfiiidt) ntt wucdi) d)]i le- '^o]^i\e<x^c 

e-d^C^dlltl. 0)f^, Cdtl 6rd11M 50 t^dZ?d-Dd|4 

LoctoT)U]5 d5 bud)'Dfied'D Qr]^\Cr) feal, t)0 b^ 
dif u)|i)o-o {|M T3'oltdriniu)5 d^ cojniedT) dii 
Cfedii6u-fd, 5U|t c<6nwid'D ^iijni dii c^edti- 

6u(ct leo, b^OT) -^0 )itXI1)5 dM )0)t1d-D -o'tt 

ie-sb]\u]b lut LoctoT)u]5. giTbcdt}, itj iMd|t 

j:;u|i ihucx-Oit^ /^OHid-Mujj, gctiil), gnrf, 
VdMOdL), Sdj<oiid)£, Sd|\d(eM|, 9)'^)l*)» ^^E^if 


Dalian Forguill. Besides these original docu- 
ments, there are manv historic talcs to be seen 


in Ireland, which contain much historical infor- 
mation, such are the battle of the plain of Ma- 
croom, the tragical fate of the Knights, ti^e 
battles of Creenna, Fincora, Ross-na-Ree, Moy- 
Lena, Moy-Rath, and Moy-Thualing, and many 
other tales which we shall not mention here. 

The History of Ireland must be esteemed still 
more of great authority, when it is considered 
that there were more than two hundred Professors 
of History, whose business it was to preserve the 
annals of the country, who were maintained at 
the expence of the nobles, and were examined 
by the nobility and clergy from time to time- 
It must also receive additional credit for its anti- 
quity, and because it has not been suppressed, or 
its connexion destroyed by the tyranny of foreign 
powers. For although the Danes occasioned trou- 
bles in Ireland for a long time, there were so 
many learned men employed in recording onr 
history, that the principal part of our annals 
were preserved, although the Danes carried off 
a great number of valuable books. This how- 
ever was not the case with other nations of Eu- 
rope, for the Romans, Gauls, Goths, Vandals, 
Saxons, Saracens, Moors and Danes destroyed 


"DjiOjn^ -d)ob ^)n e-j^ie- -o' tt|t5u))i no ^iejn 

6 cu{ f<6^ )niiiucir<j; -iunut-o, t^e a rtiuc- 
fu)-6e- d fe-ctii6u{ no <t fectn-octlct, -| nj tii<i|T 

mectfupti 5U|t cti? c6ft<i C|te)-oe-ctrti -oo f c-aticuf 
e-)rt)OT), )nic -DO feaiicuf <6ticri)ce ejle- -{an 
6-oti cti|3, "I ^5f nicifi -DO fcctjai) te- )Dctc j^ajcc 

WctldMc a^i <t)i ti)fie-ani bIjajitH jT)j^ceci|i 
•00 Zjei ) h^i^)t]0{ bc-ci5^)ii -Do tijoj;u)i? 
13(t5^tfra net b2-)>iCT) fCctc nia^i cu))\t)o^\ fjof 
jf an T?e^);ii t^^'^^imijc- "j jf lu -ouctucujZJ a, 
ccc cunic.t aft|ict, T K ^ K ^ctc "Dctrii ^iij^e- 
fjtf, nccc Z3«^dj;ct)ni ti5 cectcc.rte bvxjtijoni tivi 
n-<i)ni{jort 6 2lt)ci?ii <;o ^e-jn Cbftjofc e, -ocr 
fe^)|i^ 'b.\^(ii\zdnu\)l tt)|t bjc co)5C|ii6e 
)ciT). 2Lt)5ctrt e)Lc-, ^6f, ct r(t ctgctni tdo ^^ijj 
50 ^>^<i)cce-^ "Ddrtt 50 zcu5cct|i <tjfi)oni ^)5. 
cne-d{'Dx btjctf ct)i -oo "Dr^ojng "d^oZj, in<i|t <t 

t>t)vtj;ct)n ; <!i'S^{ kij;re<i|i Ijf) ) f e ar-l-eaZ3a)jt 
5aZ).ttct, 50 |ia)^i- Sjofinct ce-zc btjajctjti ^ul 
TDo j;dZj ^td)cedf '6-)tit'f>, ■] iDa ccu)|t)Ti f5^f 
ti ZJejc 1 5>^tcticjnf -)\) <2<o5cfO Mjctj;ct)ii n'j 
C|ic-)-of'j"DC- me. Uj)MC- >fin 130 Dri|iini Mjd jdjn 


their iTC'Qnls in their respective incursions. ; yet 

none of these evQi' plundered Ireland, according 

^^tp Canibren^is, who sa3'S tiiait Ireland Was Always 

free from ' the' Incursions of enemies, Tdv Vliom 

:, . : ■•.';- '(,0 ,?■f^. • ; '.• ^ • ■ "> ■•: > . •■'V 
.vtjieit history gr iiutiqtjitves could \)p dtstrpyed, 

vhlch wiis iiat',t'^i<3 pase with aivy-pthcr pj^oplc in 

Europe; ;\vb'ercfoa-e I humbly conceive that- 

the history of Ireland^ is more to be creclit^d, 

than the histpiy of ahy other European nation, 

mor? especially as it has been, from time to time, 

arranged by S,t.,p^trigk-^ia4f.^l^ hiy S^^^^^/P^ 
Ireland. -,■;': .■,!.. '^~i'rr-. ■ -,^' -.'j 

Qbserve Reader, hpwever, that I have macl-e'a 
change in the number of yisarfe attributed ^o the 
reigns of a few 'of the pagan kings of Ireland, 
and have ,v^ied .ft'om 'the account given in the 
Booiv of reigns, ?ind the poems founded upon it j 
and my reaspn is, because I do not find them to 
agree in the number" of; years from- Ad,am to the 
birth of Christ, with the accounts of any foreign 
writer of authority whatsoever;,, and again, be-. 
c?.use there appegirs an mconsistency in ^he num- 
ber of years allotted to spmc of t^iem , for in.stance, 
.Sheerna the JLoiig-hyed,' to, -w'h^"^: are assigned 
1.30 years ; biit \ve read in the old Book of con- 
• quests that Sheerna was 100 3-ears old before he 
assumed the government of Ireland, and if I made 

VOL. I. o iffrn 


Cbo^ctic 6<otnibfte<tt, 5)-be-cfD, tij bjiicugcd 
"DO <icz C)t)o6cfO bljdj;<t)>i, 6)|i 97o)t^)cic jti- 

•CO 9)^^<5m, "o^ ^i50)|tc) LdZ^ficfD lo)ii5fe-dc 
<t)|i mbe-]t <i)|i ■DcOfi'visedcc *do, t <x)^ ma^u 
bctt) Cbobzujs )f 5 ^<i bd)tic^)le- -00;^ i -do 

M)a5<t)ii -co Y^ldjcectf "do Cbobcdc, -co i>)<i'b 
flf) ^^1 f)^)"^ bljctjtijii dtt cdii t)0 iiu5 ctctT) 
•DO j_dbfi<tt) Lopi^fjoc, T iici6 *f:e)-cjti fo 
•DO bC-ji f5|l)1^fc, 11^0 ft 5'^9^)-D)rt Cobcdc t?o 
hc-)t ) ^flctjce-df c<65<t"D bt)<ig<i^ii. "^'Ml^ -fl^^ 
"DO ^dcujb ejle-, no sti'jni nidlajitc a)|t ttjiied^f 
bl)d5<tn -y^UjcK ^>rt) DO ti^oJAib Qr)j\pr) 
)t)ct cc|te)-D&ctni, "j t>iec;f\T)M imc Cfte djtiZj'^jo^ 
>i(t fe-ct>iCdT) "DO t^n)c d>i tiidlctj|tc djjtjni 

•(p\ -DO TD^dlldni, dCC Cfie- dJI^-^jO^ lid ■0/tOjH5c 

T)o fcjijob ^d-o ) >i.d ii"D)d)ti, -od ^j 5d)l t)' 
edtd"D(tjii dcd d6c ^cfij^iieo)jied^~ d»ii^)ii 
•DO -De-dUdTii. 2l5df i>id|i po r|\c^)g)ot?d|t 

'G-)|t)0MV1 "DO 5bi.ltl^?J5 gdll dH '>f^\6)i\<i-b DO 

^ledccco) leo do tie^dJidni 5d6 C|ic-df Zjl)d- 
gd]ii d)|i dti rfedii6uf, dj:;df 50 tcu5dDdft 
ottdrt'idjM dti cfc-diicii>{d -^djU "] }\c drtico)niedt3 
f^'M CfcdllCl^f DO Jitedtiifgd'D, td^t CCdjH 


liiiTl reign 1.^0 more, no one would believe me. 
Therefore I allow liim twenty one years, accord- 
ing to the poem which mentions his reign, the 
propriety of which must be obvious to every 
reader. Coffy Cuil-mra is made tci reign fif- 
ty years, yet we must allo^v him but thir- 
ty, for Moria, daughter of Scoria king of 
Corca-duivny, fell in love with Mayne, other- 
wise called Lavra Lyngshy, whilst lie was in 
exile,* and married him on the death of CofTy, 
and bore him several children ; so that if Coify 
feigned fifty years, she would be sixty years old 
when she bore children td Lavra Lyngshy, and 
since this could not be the fact, it was impossible 
for CoiTy to hare reigned fifty yearsj In like 
manner for other reasons, I would change the 
date cf tlie reigns of some of the kihgs of Ireland 
befol'c Christianity. Yet I do not attribute this 
confusion oif dates to tlie unskilfulness of anti- 
quaries, but to the ignorance of transcribers 
whose only science was penmanship. Moreover 
the Irish, since the English got possession of the 
kingdom, have neglected the triennial examination 
of their records, which they were accustomed to 
make, and the professors of history have neglected 


* This Maync or Mwayne (Maon) v.uij Grandson to 
CofFy's brother, and was obliged to iW into Iranco irv 
^he early part oi' Colfy's reign 


ttO -D^Y^rcjctjl d gh<o)T)C-ctl'y|5 <i I Of ttvi Cfe-rtll- 

cufct -DO coti5i)ctji <i)|i bull, -] Y^f )tki7\ ro 
ne-iif d)|i ?ict holldmm'^h, -o'^ ccuf. 5 ^|\6riiat) 


eJ to 'ijrii..''j( 

iTe-jniiCvtcc I'.e cejle a eft ^5 cyro v'y^t.x!■x'\^^'\b 
itti cfect>iciuf<t jf dti (t)ftc-arii vij^iifine <t Cti 
6 ?l'Dctni 50 5^)11 Cf)|tjOfC, )f r;C-)rf1)0fi^tici"D 

e, -DO Dftj5 511 jt ttb beet 5 TJ'rj-oait^r^ 11 ct 
l)&or^-|Oct itIc- c)5 |te- cejle- d)p. 6oniaj|ic-<ini 

<t)|i d>i tie^riiceacc fte- 6^)le -do jii'j-o ti<t 

Ughdair Eabhruigheacha. Gregachai Laideanda. 

Baalsederhelm, 3518. Metrodorus, 5000. Sanct lerom, 3941: 

NaTalmudlsti, 37S4. Eusebius, 5199. Sr. AgUstin, 5351. 

NaNuadh-l g.^^. .p^^ i^jj^j^^ 54^5 \{x<ib\T, 5270. 

Rabbidhe, J 

Orosius, 5199. 

Rabbi Nason, 37tO; 

Rabbi Muoise, 4059, 

Rabbi Lebhi. 37^6.. 

Idsephus, 4192. 

B6da, 3952. 

Alphonsus, 59S4. 

91ctn 11 tc rr)5)-o 11a ?n'';c,-Dif j fic- ec-)lc- ) 


k.6 preserve op 'correct the iannals, havmg lost the 
lands and emoluments they were Accustomed to 
receive froni tlie Irish for prescrVirig their Historyj 
there also existed in Ireland continual dissensions 
betj^een the Irish and English j by whieh the 
learned were discouraged froin examining and 
Amending llie Annals from time to timie. 

Should any bne wonder .^t .the disagreement 
between some of our historians in the computa- 
tion <s( time from Adam to the birth of Christ, 
it will no longer surprise them, when they find 
that few European writers agree in their calcula- 
tions of the same time. For instance the dis- 
agrecmant between the following historians of 
liote : 

fieprenv 'writers, ytars. Grteis. Latins, 

Bialsederheim. 3513. Metrodorus, 5000. St. Jerom, 394l . 

The Talmudists, 3784. Eusebius, 5199. St. Augutin,5351. 

The New Rabbins 3760. Theophilus, 54-76. Isidorus, 5270* 

Rabbi Nason, 3740. Orosius, 5 J 99. 

Rabbi Moses, 4058. Bede. 3952. 

Rabbi Levi, 3786. Alphonsus, 5984. 
Josephus, 419", 

Since these authors do not agree in their chr-v 
nolog3^'from Adam to th*:"- birlh '4' Oiiipt, it ^^■ 


•00 i)eic <i5 cu]v -DO fe<iticci-D>Tb tia b^e-)ji]of) 
a)ft iin ti-rtjitearfi cce"Dfi<t. gjibecfD ii^ 
Y:u<icif fcOfi|\a ii)|t]orti jf mo -co f(d)l)m <t 
he-]t YJjt)Tje-ac% jti^c <iii r^ctj^tjorti ro jti^t) dit 
TDfi0t15 -do i?e)f\ 4052! W)ct5a)H -O'ajtti^jft 6 
2Lt)£trfi 50 ^e)ti Cbr^'jdfc, •] jf ^ )f ni)ctit l}offi 
<i>i c-vj-octri ba|iaiirctnici)t If fO)5f) c)5-Do'ii 
<i)|i)Orti fo -DO te-aimuTti ) cconid))iifja|it)(tcc 

itf a tcu^ajni jdttictD |iai) m<x^ f^f'Ojrjtit' 
<ijtt ctti fc4. <i{ <iti feancuf, luo Yf^c-d^iia 
5U|t ^b 'e-\{ '^<xt ^)-{ f )ti "Ovttti, 5U|t cunicfDci|t 
vj-oajfi an cfeancrufd. fiijrti jomtttn ati 
cfedficufci ) irouctiiCArZ?, joiiuf 5U|\ I'rjaj-ce 
•DO "D^cDicco) ttiatitj|ic <t)|t a>i {eaiicuf e, •] 
■f^f 5U|t itb vtrtilttt) )f itt6 DO cu]]\t] ) iiic-.t[)ct))\ 
|i]f lid iHctcctjL) -^^jtanid TO [i'jo'D dcvt 'q. 
^^t>^ K ^t^*-" ^^i^ cv'nicct ) iiiecfDdffbcicc 
•D;Xii<t -DO 50)|1j:) Satcct)|i net Ce-a»iiftvt6 *doNi 
Pft'jni-lra^dji T>0 ZJjOT) a)|t u)ilctniuf oUd>tirtii 
^1^5 ^]Wx) ^e)>i, a5cif Salcct)|i Cbciifjl, no 
6fto)ti)c C?)0|inm)c 9)b;c Cu)l)OT)tt)if, ^ Salcdj^t 
lilt f ctii -DO C?)fto)}i)c 2loii5uf<t ce-]lc- Z^?, 6)fi 
nia|i )f )0)iaT) Sctjlm ■] -Dtiajn no TDfui, tiia|t^)ii 
)f jOnai) -{(tlca)|t no )3{tit^e |^)ii)n •] ruvt)ia)/w' 

1 >i-tt 


not to be wondered that some Irish Antiquaries 
sijQuld differ m the same point. Yet I have not 
found any computation more correct in my opi- 
nion, than fliat pf those who reckon 4052 years 
from the Creation to the Incarnation, wherefore 
I intend to follow the best author who comes near- 
est to this computation, in the dates of our Mo- 
narchs, in their proper j)laces in the mfirgin of 
this M'ork. 

If it should seeni surprising to any one, why 
1 adduce so niany poems from the Shanachus 
(or ancient annals) as a proof of my History, my 
reason for it is, that our historians composed the 
greater part of their works in verse, in order that 
the history might be the less liable to alterations, 
a.n<l also that learners might be the better enabled 
to Gojinnit them to nicmory. It was from being 
compiled in nietrc, that the name of Psalter of 
Tara was given to that famous original record 
which was preserved in tlie custody of the Mo- 
narch of Ireland's own chief antiquary, and 
the Psalter of Casket to the chronicle of Comiac 
"NIac CuUenan, and Psalter na Raau, to Hk^ 
chronicle of Acngus Uie Culdee; for as the word 
psalm means a poem or verse, so Psalter or 
Psalteridm signifies a book that contains many 


-fre^j-Djit fectncuf <i.on ntnijuc- -do l^):t(7)t 50 
])?l"Dctni. <^/o ^^ica5i^ct d)|A fjii, 5uri b*u|\uf 
"DO 5))<6X)C-tthi)Z) <t 6o)nietnD, -on b|tjj; o <t)nif)|t 
5<6)'D)t )tle, 50 wbl'O'jf t})u6icc (f5 5<6)t)ecilii]o 
•DO cojrHeifDcit) tx ti5Ui))ic- 5ejiiecil'uj5, "| t^ 
tfortlct ]{ 5^6 cii|iiif t)ii tcd|ild 'b6p 50 
^occa)M e-)|t)oT) "66)^, Wd)\ )f )>icu]5ce a^ <tii 
.fc<t)^t fl^^V; 1 f^{ "DO bjottbajT) ^£-'bc<ii<iVd)n 
<icct, -DO Ijf^'j^; 5U|i <ib ) iigeatt <t)fi d ^:nj;lu)m 
*] ctjji vt e-dsnji fuctj|i yVjut ii^ti)|i 5<o)t))t 

cttp 5d>t tiialttjfic ] fejtb coisi 6ri1.c^ <i,rti^)n 
•} Y^aZJiif tin a|t"Diij5ce -do i:-d))^pvJL]\ -{jof 
|ve cojmccfoan ?>fectii6u{ct <tttici)t ct"Dr^)ttini<tji. 

indfi ct tca/3ci)ft ^C)iiLla6 |tjj; -oo 5); a)^i a>i 
itiBftectcct)ti 50 ?a2tt?ct)ij, <tf a iviectf^^tivo <ttt 
IL'jirr^jii 511^ ci6 >'e^l"D)fi "Dg ^^(opealu)^ <ttt 
-n^t) c.cvna -co "Dc'-ctHcini ; "] If e^ <fjMin ctu 
v5-Dctir^ 2lf{erui{, ^ iX)mn txti ^15 2lclYr^et?, 
110 2llvi'e-o. 


poems or verses. And since tUe very marrow of 
our History is preserved in those poems, I 
thought it meet to rest upon their authority in 
writing this History. 

Some people are amazed how the pedigree of 
any one can be traced to Adam : but it was very 
easy for the GhrIs to do it, because from the 
time of Gael (or Gadel) they used to have learned 
sages (Drai) employed in preserving their genea- 
logies, and recording their transactions in tlieir 
several travels, until their arrival in Ireland, as 
may be learned from the following History; 
they were also fond of science, for it was by his 
learning and wisdom that Niul, father of Ga?!, 
obtained all his riches ; and moreover, it w;is easy 
from their being so long in the possession of the 
same country, and from the excellence of their 
ordinations for preserving their records as we have 
already mentioned. The following is a specimen 
from a British author, who traces the genealogy 
of a king of Britain up to Adam, from which 
the reader will perceive that it may be possible 
for the Gaels to do the same ; the name of the 
author is Asseriis, and the king's name Aelfred 
or Alfred ( 

VOL. I. P Aelfr^^d 



m<vc ^erelniuily, 
riiic e5l)eijir, 
Triic 6rAlmuiriT, 
nnc G<»p(t, 

TlllC GoTTKlrt, 

mic In^ilo, 

rinc CoeT))teio, 

mic CeollSuilt), 

rh\c Cut)4im, 

lihic CurBiim, 

ihic Ce<nilin, ' ?-f'- 

mic Cirpir, 
line Cjteoea, 
mic Cejt-ojr, 
nnc 6Iopi, 
niic BeVjui]-, 
m)c Bj^omt", 
ihic Beilt>, 
line U'jcein, 
rinc FjnrilBailr, 
Tnie Fjieftlay, 
line F]iir|liiiui1r, 
niie Fm5()t)iini)iy, 

line C^criu, 
liiu BeABiu, 
mjc SccItua, 
mic G}temc)iT, 
line Irejinioio, 
line ?(^r]tsi, 
lino IiUaK^, 
line Bi'DUi^, 
line Jttyeir, 
line Naoi. 'jr. -^c. 

c:a|\la "Dctrii rot ro'ii Cfl'jjc- j ii-<on ii^'o "oa 
-H-dlnni }H jf ttH Ie-ct5a|i ^0, ^)|t wft ctt tton 

^^^m,lX^ C(2E3;C3if5, 


Aelfred, son of Cynric, 

































Noah, &c. &c. 

I am persuaded, that every moderate and im-- 
partial reader, that may consult the History of 
Ireland, will be satisfied with what I have said iii 
this Preface (or vindication;) but should it hap- 
pen that he be not content with what I have 
offered, it would exceed my abilities to say any 
thing further; therefore I take my leave of him, 
and let him excuse me if I have chanced to go out 
of the way in any thing I have said in this Bo»k, 
since if there is any thing reprehensible in it, it 
was not through malice, but from a want of 

Your very humble, • 

And ever faithful Friend, 

J^i'<^ff'T^^y 'J^eaii K 

FOT?US Fe2lS2l 



YOU. u B 

for?us fe2LS2i 2ijr? emr^p^' 


^N Ce?(D C^B]D]L. 


Do b^c <v)nm t)* trujAr) Ajji Cjjijfi jijaiii ah fo fjop 

ojlean r>A ccojllrcAo, ') ]j- c t5U]ne tjo ^<\]]mi <\n t-a]nni 
fjn ts], o^lsOC t)o riiujnt)]^ Njn rfijc P(.']l, TrAnjc UAjt* no 
BjtAt; Tivv liG)}>)on, ^j ajjv rccAct ) n-Gjjjjn t)6, yiu)]t 
'n-A h.on TDO)]te cojlle j, acc "^.^a^ n-CAltA Ariu^jn. 

2. ?^n t)A)iA liAjriTn, * cjt'ioc tia jfUjneAoAc^,' o he)t ) 
13j:u)r»]ot), no ) cc)i)c na rrjjj jun ro'n oorfiAn ro T)) 





Of the diJjheiU Names that -were given to Ireland. 

1. JL HE first name given to Ireland was, Inish na Veeva, 
i. e. the woody Isle, and the person by whom this name 
was given, was one of the subjectfj of Ninas, son of Pel 
who was sent to explore Ireland, and on his arrival found 
the country one entire forest, except Moy-nalta alone.* 

2. The second name was, * The remotest counfri/y' from 
its being at the end or extremity of the tnree parts of the 
world then known. f 

3. '' - 

*" See the Topography at the end of Vol. j, wherein the old Trhh names 
•L places occurring iu this work are exp'aiued. , 

•J" It means " The country of the Hesperides," see Ar; c.-dix ij 


]f pe T]n Fhe^ mbolg p* ^ry<xi <vn t-ajnni j-jn u))»}te. 

*1P]5^^ feUj* Ab ujme SAjl^mcjoji 6)j»e t)), 6'n Bpcalp 
^e]t]4, y* j-ean Ajnm t>o'n o)leAn t)'* n^ojiitjoi^ C)^er4 
no CAtTojA A Tiojp. }S ii]me meapup «n r-ii^'OA}* p]n, 
*^ ^1^)S b"^!* *)^j5)f^"o>^l> pl]Oct BliAojib)! 51a]p ip An 
o)leAn pjn peAlao Ajmpjjte ] nT))A]r) Siij^u iriAC GAp)tu 
liijc 5sO)Pjl ■o'jonApbAo Ap An C)5]pt, ^ vo bejjirjoji 
■pop ^ejie t5*Ainm A]]! Ati Gj^ipc 6ji gluAjpjooA]* BaojcjI. 
^jocAo, )p ] ce-opujio 6o)tc)on iia SoAniao "^np Ab iijme 
gA)]tmf joji Gj)4e t)], 6 Ajnm da bAjn]^jo5nA oo ChuAcujft 
De DAriAT^. Gjpe, )omo]^]io, jngcAn DeAlbAojt p* 
liftjnm T), T jr J P* bcAn t50 tHac Bpejne t>'A n^ojjtr:) 
Cgrujt, ya jijg A]]t Gjjip An tAn rAn^AioAit mjc %]leA» 

BAjnjtjogujn t)0 ChiurujB Ue DAnAfi, oa n^ojjtt) FooU, 
jTA b(^n 'oo rriAC C^dc, ts'Ajt li'Ajnm t))i)op C^^ujt. 

6. ^n pe]p)ot5 hA)nm t;o)|ife^ t)'6)j»)fi, ' BAnbA,' 6 
BAjnjijO^n^n t)0 rhuArujb De OAnAfi, t>'A n50}}ttj BAnbA, 
jp J pA bgn t)0 TTiAc Co)ll, o'aji b'Ajnm tjjljop Garuji. 
Na r.j»] l*j5^e oo ChuAcujb De DAnAii no bj j )plA)f )(>p 
e)|i]n 5a6 yte mbljA^Ajn, "] ]p «^ Ar>bA}t pA n^ojjirjojj 
6]]ie t>o'n oilen njpA rii)oncA jni Fo-oIa no BAnl)A, oo 
6l*J5 5^1* *^ ^ F^l^ "* ^"* ^^J* B'Ajnm Gjjtc, oo buo 
jij A)|v ^)^)^ <^" bljA5u)n rAnjAOAj* mjc "^Ojh^o jnte. 

7. ^n pecrmAO bAjnm, * )n)p Fa]1,' •) ]p }ao Zunr^ 
Oe DAnAfi fu5 An t-Ajnm. pjn u]];|+e, 6 clo)/-. ru^APay* 
Ico 1 n-G)H]n, o'a n^ojfjfj An L)a FajI, ) Ajnrn c]\c vo 
gojjif) O), clot na cjnc^innA, .i. Siixinn fatalc oo bt;])* 
Hc(.T,o]t Boetjup uj^tpt- ) prA)]t nA hV^lbAn, AjAp pA dor j 

AJ-J* A JtAftAOAl* bOApA, OJjl XX) ^^')"''w^ fj F* 5*^ "i^^' ^"^J* 



3. The third name vas, ' Inish Al^a^ or the noble Isle, 
wliich name was common in the time of the Bologues, 
(I' if Bolg, or men of Bolouje.*) 

4. The fourth name was 'Eire' ; so called, s.iys a certain 
author, from /Eria, an old name of the Island now called 
Crete or Candia. This anthor is of this opinion, because 
the posterity of G.xl Glas (or Gadelus) inhabited that 
Island for a long time after Sru, son of Eusru, son of Garl, 
was banished out of Egypt ; .■Ere was also given as a name 
to Egypt, from whence the Garls had emigrated. It is 
however the general opinion of ouv historians that it took 
the name of Eire, from a queen of the Thnha-Dedannan,t 
whose name was Eire ; she was daughter of Dalway, and 
wife of Keahoor, sou of Grian (the Sun,) who was King 
of Ireland when the Sons of Mila (or Milesius) invaded 

5. The fifth name of Ireland was Fola, from Fula a 
Dedanite queen, wife of the son of Keacht^ whose name 
<rtas Theahoor. 

6. The sixth name it received was Banba, from Banba> 
another queen of the Dcdanites, who was the wife of 
Eahoor, son of Coll. These three kings of the Thuha 
Dedannan held the government of Ireland alternately for 
one vear, and the reason that the Island is more fi-eqnently 
called Eire than Fola, or Banba, is because it was the 
husband of queen Eire that was king of Ireland, the year, 
the sons of Milesius arrived. 

7. The seventh name was Inish Fail, so called by the 
Thuha Dedannan, from a stone they brought with them 
to Ireland, called Lia Fail, or the stone of F^itc, the Saxum 
fatale which Hector Boetius speaks of, in his history of 
Scotland. This stone was enchanted, for whenever tht^- 
Irish were assembled at the great council of Tara (or Ta\ir) 

VOL. I. C • tc^ 

* See Appendix 2. 
\ Dedanite Sorcerers, See Appendix 3. 

c6]i<v i:lvi)f<p]- Cjitjon Vya^ajl, )(c Vjn ye.j ii-ej]>3ori T«ft 

^'P]^ t'^'V^'']'] ^^ <*]^iini* ChoncoTjv\]]t ale, 6i]t r<o bvxlbhuj^eo 
bjieig-tjealBiV an Toihajn <ni r>vn t>o ini^Ati C]\)oy^- ^& 
fo ■oeip-ne]i<\c- 45 4 j-ujciu^a-o gnit ah (Vn clojc yin 
feOll^tjo]^ J nil' Fa 3! t)'ej]i]ri ; Aiiidjl <v tmBa]}R. Cjivoc y]\c. 

^'n cloc A rii jram 'oa fa)! 
uAjre |*rt]t>reii pi))- r\v)l, 

Tvia^ }'\\]\ ujlo yoji Cj]t)vi. 

8. ?(n- c-ocniiAo liAjnni < 'A^u)C]n)|',' ^ ))' ]At5 cUn* 
"lijleo ru5 <\n t;-<v}nTn ]']n u]]'1H', ]-ul |ivvn^4'OiV|t ] rrjji 
)nre. ^aju rAngftTSAi^, lomojqu), 50 bun inl5]|v Slajii^e 
ti'iv riv^Ojitfjo]! ruflii loca bapman ] n-)uiii, rjnolaj'o CuAr* 
De Danan 50 h-a riojt.o)tujb 'ii-a ccojul' aii ]-)n, a^A)' 
lin]^]-o"c]i403t5(^c-a ojijtrt, jofiu]' riac a]; 1\']]> -oojb an r-o]Ien, 
Acx A]]! cojToajlei' miijce, ^onar) ujine j-jn tu^acait 
4(,Mijc.jn}|' <V3]» an n-ojlcan, 

9. ?(^n n.oifiA'o hvijnm ' ScorjA,' ■) ]]' ]ao niic %jlet» 
TU5<vn r-<\)nni ]-)n nil«|*t' o n-* "^^iara]}), t>:(]i lV4]nni Scora, 
jn^en PliajKvo Nccronjbu]- ; no ]|- iijnic nijaoait 8rorj(v 
■o't^inm iii|t]tc, "CO 15]Vj5 ^u]i ab jan yejn cjiie Scuit5 
o'n ScjfiiV. 

10. ?Cn tiejciiiat) hajnm ' IIil)trni;i,' -j ]]- jar* m}c 
•^^jlc-i rii5 an r-ajnm fjn uiiijie, w^j'ooo a •pc')|»)'o rjfong 
5ii]v'b 6 alSajn a -vv ]-an e|-[)a]ii, •p'a nt;{)]}ifo|t Ihcrw:, 
ru^fait Hiberiua a}]! C]]i)fi, a TcD+jtt 'o]\i-rn cjle b"l*''> 
o Cj^joj^ mac '■^s.jloo 50j)ifj(j]i Ilibcriiia ib] ; a^c co'"''^ 
A r^cjl^ Co]tmAC namifa mac Cii)l]ana)n ^'U*''' ujme 
•oejlJfjo]! Hibcrnia jtjvv o'n jjocal 3bcii ,1. 3s|f,jac. 

11. '-^n r-soniiiat* lia3iini 'ocaj ' .Iiucinia' t>o jic'iji 
I^rolcmcui-, no Juvcnia to iu'3lt Shol]nn]]-, )io I cm a to 
i'!e3]^ ClauTjaniif, no Vi riiia no jirjjt (.'iiiTarjiip ; mcj-ii3n) 
TiAC Ijyu]! TO ci'jll j-an Tcjy)]f a t^% ]v]]\ na hu^TAjtvijli 



to elect a king-, it used to make a loud noise Mhen the 
lawful successor to the throne of Ireland sat upon it : But 
it has been silcnt.ever since the time of Connor, for at the 
birth of Christ, all the false Idols in the world were struck 
dumb. The following- quotation from the poet Kinay,* 
will prove that Ireland received the name of Inish Fail 
from this stone : 

'This stone which lies beneath my feet 
Froiu it is stiled the Isle of Fail, 
Great Ocean bountls on everj' side 
The Plain of Fail, the Land of Eirin. 
S, The eighth name was ]\Juih-inish, which name was 
given by the Milesians before they landed. For when they 
ranie to Inver-Slany, now called die bay of Wexford, the 
Thuha Dedannan with their magicians assembled opposite 
them, and practised enchantments upon them, so that the 
island appeared to them only like a vapor,t whereupon 
they called it Muih-iuisli, or the Isle of vapors or fogs. 

9. Its ninth name was ' Scotia,' so called by the sons of 
Milesiu!?, from their mother's name, Scota, who was the 
daughter of Pharaoh Nectonibus ; or perhaps they stiled 
it Scotia, because ihey were themselves of the race of 
Scot from Scythia. 

10. The tenth name ' Ilibcrnia' it received from the 
sons of Milesius ; some however say Ireland is called Hiber- 
nia,/i-oni tlie Iberus a river in Spain, yet others think, 
it is fromEiver son of Mila, or INlilesius; though the holy 
Cormac Mac Cullenan is of opinion that it was so called 
from the word Jber. i. e. western. I 

1 1 . The eleventh name is Juvernia, according to Ptolemy, 
or Juverna according to Solinu*;, or leraa according to 
Claudian, or Verna according to Eustathius : I tliink how- 
ever that there is no meaning in the distinction these au- 

* KInay or Kelieth O'Hajtajan. ' ' 

•}• N'cl>!ke a pij, as many suppose : See the real account in App:ndi.\' 4. 
J See .Appendix 5. 


t>0 Vejc <,n yocA)!]^] Hibcrnia, <vcr TiA]t riq^^rrtji c|^^A« 
6 ztAr\-}c ATI pocrtl pejn, ^ o* }ie])t |-jn, 50 rrug ^a6 
<on fo Ve)t t)joB *niu]' u^fo pejn a]]», -j )]■ "oe f)n tAiijc 

AX) TflAU)JtC UO A)]l An IfOCvvl. 

12. ^n t)4]iA hii)nm ul'<v5 * Irin,' co jii^jji D)o'0ojtuj- 

13. ?^n r}i^]' Ajnm xjcag Irlanda, -j Tn£]'ii}m jujOb i 
]r^c ]:* ttu5a6 <vn r-<V]Tim |-]n u])*Jie, -po ^p% S^M^'^ ^ 
Jj» mcvc ^^jl^o c^At) •oujTie 00 hAon<v]cet) yvv u]]t Cjitjoft 
©o clAilujb v*)l^o, 7 tDvv ftejjt yjn ^ujt hAjnmnj^^-o <»n 
t-o]le<vn uAp;. jonrtu, joniojtjio, Irlanda -j ];epAn JR. 

JS mojoe )p jnnicfr* y)\^)nc An riej^r) mtqi a loejp 
Lj^bAjf ?ijittm4CA gujj'b A)nm tjo'n o}k'An j-o Jjieo, .1 
pe^t no UA]5 )R. 

14. ?fn cg,rpArnAi hAjnni t>U% Oc;}5]a xjo fiejj^ Phlu- 
rAifcuf, pnAji, ]Mr\op]io, O^isja / ojIcjAn jto-A}ii'A)t5; j 
7r ^"£r^<* «*" t-Ajnm •o'ejjijn j-jn, fo b]iJ5 511)1 Ab cjaH 
6 "oo liAjrj^e^ a)]! ttuf j, -] ^iqt rtb pj^tye An p]j>eolup 
« tA A5 A j-^ncAoujlj A}t trAliijb A ]-f>n 6 ct'ij' nA n -Ajnipop 
«jAjo ) nojAjo. 

])() 5AC pojn oA noCAjinAt) aj]i C)]>jn ]<]«m j-oH. 

i. J) O c PAftfalon no iJo]n Gjtie 'n-A ce]f}i) mj]>)B pj^ 
A cer)tait TnAc. Cliu^ An ccAn ihjp no'n niAc x>a]\ iyA)nnr 
C]i, niAjt A tA A bjriijl 6 Ojlef Ne^t) ) Tt\\A]yco]iT UIat?, 
50 h^(c-cljAf; LA)i;(^n. 01115 xjo'n tfApA niAc t5A]( B'Ajntii 
Opbrt, A R.-u)l o *^lt-c\)i\t 50 hojlen inoj* An Baliiidji;. 
rimg An tjtpp ]to)ri t)o'n nuc •oaj* IVAjrini FcAfion, 6'n 
ojlr^n nioji 50 li^'c-iljAt ni^npuj^e A5 "SajIIjI'). riui^ 



tWsmake, for they knew not the deiivation of the i^or(]> 
and therefore everyone gave his own conjecture^ from 
whence proceeded the ahove variations of the Name. 

12. Its twelfth name, according to Diodorus SicuUis> 
Vias Irin. 

13. The thirteenth name was Irlanda, so called in my 
opinion from Ir, son of Milcsius, who was the first of the 
ISIilesians tliat was buried in this isle, from whence the 
island received that name ; Irlanda signifying the land of Ir. 

This we have the more reason to believe, because the 
Book of Armagh mentions that this isle was called Ireo, 
that is the sepulchre or grave of Ir. 

11. The fourteentli name according to Plutarch wa* 
Ogygia, which signifies the most ancient isle ; this was a 
very suitable name for Ireland, because a great length of 
time has elapsed since it was first inhabited, and because 
the antiquaries possess a perfect knowledge of its ancient 
history from the earliest period of time. 


Of the several divisions of Ireland. 


IJI ARALOX divided Ireland into four parts, between 
his four sons. To Er his first son he gave tlie first share, 
containing all die land from Oleach Ncid, in the north of 
Ulster^ to Dublin in Leiuster. To his second son Orba 
he gave that tract from Dublin to the island of Barrymore- 
The third portion extending from Bar^yIn'n•e-Islaud to 
Ahaclia-Mearee (na\r CMarin's bridge) jiear Gahvay, he 


1 ao 

on cei^}nn)i>vo ]U)]u oo'n niAc v-\\i h\\]T\m FcifjnA, trivij* 
d ra 6 'Aieojuij^e 5,0 hOjloc Nfjr. 

2. C}i)u}i ru))]'^c "00 cK^ 1111)13 Nejrhjo co jiojn Gj]ic 
g-o>»^tV 'n-A rrji] nijj^jb, BeorAC, Sjmeon, •/ BjijorAn- 
BftBup Beorac o riioj]!]!!)]" 50 Bojii. bAlnij' Sjmcoii o 
Bhop 50 EoKic Clion^Kv])', lajrii ]ic Copcii)^. fcABup 
BjijolAti o Blielac Chon^lA)]- 50 Co]]i)Ttj]' ■) rruAjj-celJr 

3. Cu)5 m]c L)eU n))c Lo)c, t5o jioju t^)]ic 'n-A cujg 
mjujB erojjpo, t)'<v n^ojiiqoii cu]5 coj^coa, j j|- j pn 
J>0]n ]f buAjnc ro ]>]iict> Ajjt (^Jl^jri }t]A'ii, ahia]! a -roHAm 
50 bpOv5 t?A v]\- ]o. C]5 rAml)]tciipi' Irii' ah ]<())ripi, 
]-An TeljAjt ]to j-cjtjoli ro t-ua]iaj-j;V)a]1 '(-'jlijofi; niAjf a 
n-AbA)]t : " ) ccu)5 Hijjtjlj ]omoji)io, be zj],\c. (onirponiA 
" CO pojueo An cjiioc yo a nAilur, niAjt a ta An t^* 
" '^OuinAjn, (cuAcTiiunjA 'at Oei-riiuiiiA,) \.A)5)n, \liAf, j 
CoMAcr."'^ ?t5 ]'o <\n cu]5)o]^ r<:o)]*ec tjo ^aIj ct^uu]' tia 
ccojjO'rj'O r)'ye]m]BBol5, SlA)n5e, bAii, Sonf,An, bOAfiAn, 
^j Ru5]iu)t)e. Do 5Ab SlAjn5e coj^er* LAj^on 6 "01i)U))co'o- 
^t* 50 CuniAj; n* Tr)tj n-ujj'ce; ro ^aV) FAVi co]5](>f 
CocAt) ^Bj»*t)]mA]6, 6 Chumaii n* rrji^ n-u]|-co 50 
BcaIac Con^lA]]- ; ro ^aIj Spn^Afi c6)j:;or ConjisO) riijc 
Oa))k', o BhcAlAG ChonalA]]' 50 I.ujnmcc ; ro ^aIj 
BcAnAU co]5)or ConAcc, o Lujninec 50 Djiob^);' ; ro 
^Abllu5]tu]t)e co]5or UUf, 6 DIijkjIj^ojj- 50 Djtojror-AfA. 

^4^A TA go n-Al)iiu]r nijr ro \\a yonr.AfiijT) j:iijrb jiojn 
cjieAnAC ro IV] aj}^ ^Jl*)'^ )^)1* ^I'j niAcujb C'cjinKvrA 
mjUjcojI, ro TIliUAriijB "Ue DanAn, nj liicApijiu ^\i]i 
jio)ri£rAi» 'G)]^c £to]»i»o ; act: ][■ j mo ccAryAr ^n]i'h 
r^'-^FS^^ V'*^]^)r 5*^ }te mhljA^Ajn ro bj orojiji,*, ro 

* In quiiMHif enim pnrfionc<! fcrc iqiial-s antuiiiitus Iinec Innila tllvi-a 
fult; vid'.licif, ia Momoniam diiplicc-ir, bcrealcm et au«twj-ui, J.jge- 
nianij I^l'onjam, ct Cooac:am. 


assigned to his s'on Favian. And to bis son Fargna he gave 
tlie fourth share, iVoni CMarin's hridge to Olcacb Neid. 

2. Beojuigli, Simon, and Britan, three Chieftains of 
the race of Xevvv ov Ncmedins, divided Ireland between 
tJu'ni into three parts. Beol)Hgh took from Inistore to the 
Boj-nc. Simon took from the Boyne to Ballagh-Conglaisii 
near Cork; and Britain took all from theuce to Inistore in 
the north of Conaclit, 

3. The fne Sons of Dala, son of Low, divided Irehmd 
amongst them into live parts, (-aHed the five fiftlis or pro- 
vinces; this was the most ])ernianent partition of Ireland 
that was ever made, as we will quickly shew. Cambrensis 
tonfirms this division, in the account he gives of tliis coun- 
try, his words are; " into five ahnost equal parts this coun- 
" try was anciently di\ ided ; viz. tlie two provinces of 
** Mnnster, (Thomond and Desmond,) Leinster, Ulster, 
*^ and Conacht." The five commanders of the Bologues 
who governed these provinces were, Slany, Gonn, 8han- 
gonn, GaiUJan and Kury. Slany possessed the ])rovince 
of I>einster, from Diogheda to the Meeting of the three 
waters: to Gonn belonged the province of Eohy Avra~ 
roCs extendinij from the meetintj of the three waters to Bal-r 
lagh Conglaish : Sliiingonn possessed the province of Cout 
ry MacDarry, extending from Ballagh Conglaish to Lime- 
rick : . Gannan had the jjrovince cf Conaclit, from Lhnerick 
to Drovees-h : and Pimy possessed the province of Ulster 
from Drovet^sJi to Drogheda. 

I'hough some of our antiquaries speak of a tripartite 
di^ision of Ireland aniong-t the three sobs of Carmody 
iMilveol, one of tlie Thuha Dedannan, [ cannot be induc- 
ed to believe it, but am of opini(;n that ih<>e })rince . 
held the sovereignty ;Uternatcly for a }ea«; as we men, 



ftp A rclI5f^^]t G)]te <V])i <mi <n)tjO]-j njO]-v\ liijoncA jivt 
j,4]l»mr}o}j Kocld no B,\nb* rij. 

«»o ]iajfi]0'D e]]>e pjjt ejV)e]i •] ejitemon : <v }yu)l o 9ifr 
cl)Ac 1 o ?>hA]ll)15 bu6 t>ei', '] ^Jl'BJp-pj*'©* t»o tcojtujn 
^to]\]\x\, As, C)bei» ; "J <\ )fn}l i\]' ]']n hwh ruAjib Ag 
ej}i)onion. 'Speo n) hj j-o \tof\ x>o ]^wr> ornjijirt, drhd}! 
c)tU]reocATn ) n-<v "ojdjt) yo, <vcc ]j- Aiiilftti tjo jiojujo-o 
Cjjte Ico, IDA coj^i^'o Waum4n tx) Bejc ^5 Cjbejt, coj^'^o 
CliofiACC 'j coj^eo L<v)5(j^n ^5 Cj]tjoiiinn, -j 00)500 lllap 
*& e)V)cyi mac "^Ojlet) .1. iuac a iTceiiV)]iatA)i ; -j ryton^ ro 
iii\ Imcvjj-ljl) fAnjc Jeo lejj* ^ac n-son tspB } vi-a i'lojri 
>\']n po'71 c]t]c. 

. .5. Do i^ojn, 3nio|t]to, Co]iirin<v ') Solujjtcc C]]te. l^rdc 
ero}v]i* .1. o jnV^eyi ColpA a 5 Ojtojcjop- afa 50 Lujinnpc 
^imriAn, 7 ah Ijf but) ru<vp A5 Sobi^]}ice, 7 r>o jijne 
t)un «)!* <v Vef y^jn .1, nun Sol^Ajjrce ; po ^aI) Ce]imn<v 
An ler but) lo^]-, 7 t»o jijne "can Itijrh jte ]:a)]ic;c .1. t»un 
(.'o|tmnA, 1 31' ]iif <?/ -ocjifre^ t»un ni]c Pi^trjJAjc j ccjijc 
Ca)]ti']oc ] n-juifi. 

6. Do i'tojri hi^Ajne mujt 6j]ic ] cco]^ j^Anujli f]6)o 
j-o)]! An cn)5;]0]i ) yjcc t^o clojn njAc t)o bj aj^c, aitiajI 
cujjiyjom ]-joj' 'n-A ojajo yo ]'An jn'im l»jo5]nijtiO. 

7. 7)o jtojn €on Ccr6ArA5 -j %o^a NuA^Ar G]\ie 
IcArAc oto]t]^A, nu\i <^ civ" A bpi)l o'n nbAjUjb •] 6 V(f- 
cljAr but) tUA]t) 7 G)f5)l» |*JAt>A ■zo fco]tA]n fjtojtjtA tso 
Tci^]on t)o Cbofi, 7 ]]' t)C yjn ranjc len Chuin t?o f AbAjjic 
A)]i An T,rj)Ti buo fiiA]t) .i. An riijjt 1ia]u)5 Con, 'j luf. 
^^ilio^A A)]> An lc)f bu"9 ri:;i', <') ^Olio^i^ NuA^At. 

Tayi con c (Ml A ^ujt < I'llH'^'r '"'<^ fi^'^cr ]»AnA]-A no l^juet) 

*)^ ^Jl'P ] Ti-?,S*M* I'i'^r "^^ i*^')l* ^')1'^ "*^ n^AbAlruf 

•1 HA 


^ioned above, when shewing the reason why this countr}' is 
more frequently called Eire, than tola or Banba. 

4, It is tlie opinion of some antiquaries that Ireland \y^s 
4ivided between Eivcr and Erevan in this manner: the 
whole country from Dublir) to Galvvay southward, and 
Eisgir-Reeda, the boundary between them, belonged to 
Eiver;^ and all from that northward to Erevpn. No such 
division however took place, as we will shew hereafter, 
but the Island was apportioned thus : the two provinces of 
IVIunster were assigned to Eiver ; the pro^•inces of Conacht 
and Leinster to Erevon, and the province of Ulster to 
Eiver son of Ir, their brother's son ; and some of the 
nobles who came over along with them, were severally re- 
ceived by them into the^r own districts. 

5. Carmna and Sovarky also divided Ireland equally 
between them : fi'om luver Colpa near Drogheda, to Lime- 
rick in Munster northward, belonged to Sovarky, who built 
a palace or fort in iiis own half called Dun Sovark}"; 
Carmna took the southern half, and erected a strong hol4 
near the sea called Dun Carmna, which is at this da}- 
oalled Diln- vie -Patrick, in De Courcey's countiy. 

C. Hugony the Great divided Ireland into five and 
twenty parts amongst his twenty-five sons, as we shall men- 
tion hereafter in our account of the royal race, ^ ^'-^i-i, 

7. Conn of hundred battles, and Rlowa Nooet, divided 
Ireland equall}- between them ; all from Galway and Dub- 
lin northward, Eisgir Reeda being the boundarv, was left 
to Conn ; from whence the nordiern part of the country 
was called Conn's half, or the share of Conn, and the 
southern part Mowa's half, from Mowa Noqet! 

Although I have set down these seven divisions of Ire- 
land in clnonological order, and according to the several 
VOL. I, D conquests 


■) 114 n-A)m]-]o]i, in^vii'co y^llyjoc Ai]i <vti n^riAr j'lojn <v r4 
*)1* C'jUjn 6 AjTiij-jj* Kh<^f» mbolg ]Ue, 6']- j ■)]' mo a r* 
A))* bun t50 fjojt, 1114 <v ri <\n jiojfi to ii]net>s| coj^c^ 
n\<\c Del* Tfi)c Lojc, .1. co]^ c6]j;c~6<\ r»o •rev^niviri oj, <\i>M]1 
<v tJuBjiAiTiAjt tiKvp )]' e <v)r n-(V Ji<v]b coTfijtojii n<v ccojj; 
cco)5er>j*o, ^5 Ijrt^ a r* ] n-ll]j*nec, 50 tr4n)c Cu<»r<»l 
CecniiAjt ) n-6]|t)fi, -] t;u]> ben mj}^ "co ^<^c co)K;e"6, -] 
guji'b •rjob pn "oo jijne %)r)e mAji yei^An buji^o 'oo ^ <i6 
''?^}tt5-it)5 OA mbe]c ] n-Gjjip, <vnujl yojUyeocAin ) {fUjrer 


1. Do ifipnjtoin na 9i>)rc. 


III rtuj' r4b]Kun roj-Ac rio'n ^^.^bj-ce, ^ "oeandm 
y*)Xr\G)y <v yejup, t)0 B^iJB ^u]\'h ) ygj^An buji^t) Rjs 
C)ii]On j, T>o j»c)]t n* nBsO)t>cl, 1 ■^o inb30'6 yco]^ -^An 
rljge, ^An ymv^cr, ^An cAjn 6 ncAc ] n-Cj^jfi, Acr 6 K]^ 
^))i)on Am^]n. ).S (-. Ijon a ycVAin ocr rrji")ocA '0CA5, 
:j T]ipcAt) brt]lc yAn rjtpcA "ojob, ') t>A i'C]|*]*)5 'C'c-a^ 
yo]io)n ]'An bA}le t)0 jte)]t an ry^ncuj'A, ') ye yit'it) Acjta 
pn ryejyiijs. Zy) yjcj-o -j rjtj c6x> yc)rl»)f^c yCAjtoin 



(Conquests, I shall however return to the commoft division 
of the Country since the days of the Boiogues ; because^ 
as above mentioned, the division into five provnices made 
by the five sons of Daki, son of Low, continues un- 
changed to tlie present time. These five provinces cen- 
tred at a kirgo stone at Uslinagh, until the arrival of 
Tiioohal the Wclcunie in Ireland, who cutoff" a part from 
each province and formed Meath, wliich he appointed as 
liiensal land for the Monarchs of Ireland, as w6 will make 
appear in the account of Thoohal's reign. 


Section i. 
Of the Suh-Divisions of the Prcvinces, 

1. Of Meath, 


SHALL begin with Ivleath and descriljc its territory 
the lirst; because, according to Irish history, it was the men- 
sal land of the Monarchs of Ireland, and exempt from the 
laws, government and taxation of every prmce in Ireland, 
except the monarch alone. It contains eighteen baronies 
or tracts of land, thirty cantreds in each barony, 
twelve plough-lands in each cantred, according to our 
Shauachus or ancient records, and one hundred and 
twenty acres in each plough-land; so that every tract con- 

ccji:]ie f]C)r» feji'i^^c j-eA]to)fi j-An "-^Ope ujlc loo pejjt 

5*c<v c6j5]6 .1. oo 7Tini] 5»vca c6]5J'6 •oo t^n Cu<\t<vl 
cecdm]^ j; No o si.ihjibe, itiac Bjiar*, nijc D^^afrt, 
])]ijo)iro]i«j <^Iojfie Ncjnijr, •] )]- lc]i' yafotjao ati cca» 
r6jne j n-ej]i]ri ja]^ ^~c^^ ciojfie Nejriijo jnre, -j )]- Ivvjifi 
Jte hUji'rec "oo pAnoOAt) <vn rejne yp lejf, 'j t>o Bjiomtivip 
clvvna Nejmp <vn rimt p£]t<v)n <v ri lajrh jtc li"U3]'n(^c f o 

]»rt)Be tj'pg.jiAn ]*<\n '•^Iijoe <vn rjiat yjn act: aji ton ruAjt 
•<vrh(Vjii t)>in50]}tf) an '^(.>h]'6e, 50 hAjmj-jji chuAf a]1 r^crniA])* 
It-jt benAt) me]6e to ^ac coj^eo Ic]]-, 50 iTogjtnAO Afi 
Whjibep ] n-A ]f ujl oct rtjijocA •oua^ jHte. 

^5 j-o to -^eojtAnACt n* '^^j-oc \\-jy ^^^ coj^e'onjlj, ttiaji fo 

oji'oujg Cua^aI teAcrrfiAjt, .1. rriA]^ fe)r> 6'n r.SjoTiu)fi ]'0]{j 

^o h?(r-cljAf, ^ 6 ^r-cl]At 50 hAbujfi Rj^c, •) o aIjiiju 

Kj5o j-jAji 50 cluAjTi ConpAC, 1 ocluAji) CofijJAC 50 hVif; 

*Ti mu)l)n Fhi^Ancu]5, -] 50 cumA]+ cIuatia h)o]»A)}HD, iV^Aj" 

*r TV* 5^ C6cA]i ('hA^jtbjio, 1 o ChocAp C'liAjpbjic 50 

cjtAriu]5 be3]-)lle, 'j 50 Djiomcujlp, ■] 30 B]o]>}tA, -] ^uj- 

<\n n-ATjAjil pe jiAjtJ^oit Abujii CA]tA, 50 j'ojee An rSjonAvi 

but) tuAp 50 lo5 ll)b -) nA hojlcjn ujle ])' rc/n %!i]r'C' 

JAD, 1 An -SpMAu wj\c ^o loc Bo-r^cj]!^, -J Aj- ]Mn 50 

"^Ocofujl, 'J Af ])n 50 hvit-TuAjn, A]- j*]n 50 j-cA]]»ft UAcrAp- 

"Jo> "I ^*r YV^ S^^ OjHi]m VgrAn, aj- pn 5 > i'0]cc ah '^^^1035, 

*r 1']^ S" cumA]^^ cluAnA Go]]-, -) aj- ]-)n 50 loc o* liAn, 

<vi* ijn 50 mA5 CnotjljA, Af ]']n 50 Dii]T)i]i, a]- yjn t;o Ijn 

?vf A An XDOjll A)}t fl}Ab FuAp, *] A)' j'jn 50 niA^ An CliO]'- 

tiatI)U)5 3 cc)U tflcjbe, aj- fjn 50 j-nAiii (-A^nACA]]!, -j a]* 

J'jn 50 CumAit, ■] 6 ChumAjt 50 l-jvc, am!A]I a rcjjj aii 

pjic : 

O hi; 


tained 360 plough-lands ; according to which computatiorl 
there are tilSO plough-lands in all Meath. 

It is called ^Nleath or Mee (mjoe or mc^-oc) because ii 
was from the nice (iriej'oe) or neck ol' each pi-ovincc thai 
Thoohal the Welcome took it ; or from Mee, son of 
Brahn, Son of l^aghda, high-priest.* of the family of 
C\ ev\y, })y whom the first sacred fire was kindled in Ireland 
after tlie arrival of the followers of Nevvy, who conferred 
upon Mce all that tract of land about Ushnagh, near 
which the fire was first kindled ; which tract is called ^lee, 
from the name of that priest or druid. There was at that 
time in Meath but this one tract only called Mee orlNIeath 
until tlie reign of Thooh;d the Welcome, who cuf off a 
part of each province and extended Meath to eighteen 
tracts or baronies. 

The following are the boundaries of Meath^ as settled 
j)y Thoohal, viz. from the Shannon eastward to Dublin, 
from Dublin to the river Ilee, from the Ilee west to Cluan- 
Conr}-, from thence to French MilTs-ford and to Cluani- 
rard, thence to Tohar-Carbry, from that to Geisiol, to 
DrumculUn, to Birr, to the river called x\von-cara, and so 
to the Shannon northwards, to Lough Riv, all the islands 
in which belong to Meath, all the Shannon as far as Lough 
Bo-dcirg, from that to Mehil, from thence to Athlonc, 
thence \.o ujiper Scarift", to Drumlahan, from that to Moy, 
and so to Cumar-cluana-eosh, to Longh Da-ean, toMoy- 
cnma, to Dulvir, to the Pool at the Blind-man's ford on 
Sliev Fuaid, to Moy Cosnavy near ivill-tloivy, to Snav- 
eaona'jhair, to Cumar and thence to the Liffev, as the 
|)oet savs ; 


Sec Appendix 6, 


O lot bo-'Dc^jij, 50 B]o)i]u, 
6'n -.Spniijfi ]•o]]^ 50 yv^jjtge, 

'r b*^ cunu>[t clui\n,\ lh\j]ire. 

Occ ctj^ioca ceo rica^ a ra ]*v\n "^ttijoe, mA]» a ra 0; 
tjtj tieAS ) ccojip r\<x '^(.^jpe yejn, 'j 01135 tjijocvt ] vnbjig^muj^,' 
ATiiAjl A 'OGj]t rtn yjle : 

r]tj rjtjocA tJCAj, ]'An 9i,^j'ce, 
rriAjt A r>e))t ^ac ionyjle, 
cu]5 ri^jocA ) mB}teA5nni]5 mbuj^j 
)i' mebrtjji e le heolcu]13. 

C}t]oc VOipe )nooprtt> ocojb 
') cjijoc B]iji5 50 m6]t-^n.o], 
o Sli]onu]n n,\ ncAitjv-o* n^Un 

. 5^ y*l]'*fcG -00 yeoAHiAjt. 

'J CAijtbjte 50 n^ ljiia]f>, 
50' Ijon 50 ]-sO)T-jb ii<\ nx3Am, 

"Do Ii0)fie-6<\n ^Olij-oe r<i I'jf po le li'^oo Oiftwipc, jtj^ 
G)]i]on, )v]]i txv niac OoncAo liijc DonmAjll, ycv }^) Cjiijon 
]»o)m v^ot) 03Jf6n)r>e, ConcoljAjt -) Ojljoll <v n-AiimAna, 7 
fu^ <vn lot 3A]>rft|»AC "o'jrjojt •6)ob, 7 <»n ler o]3tfe]iAc ou'n 
j-jojt ejle, ^ "00 Ton <vti ]H))n |-)n -oojIj 6 fojn jUe, 'j ]]* anrt 
<v ZA An R}05-pho]^r C(^mAj]i. 

2. Do jiojn co]5)t) CbofiAcr Ail yd. 

Coj^o-o ChoriAcir o Lujmncc 50 Djtobco)]-, ncjj cci'-c 
bAjle bjACU)5 a rv\ )ri':e ') "ocjc rrjtjocA yicjt) a r»v jfiro, 
•j r)(,')c nibAjlc yjcjt) ]-An rjtjcKA ci'o 'ojob, -j ta fc]]-]ij5 
■0CA5 yAn nibAjic;, ye yjcjc acjia yAii ye]ylt)i;, ocr; ccurr 
j T>ejc mjle y(']y]ipc ycjiojn a ta ] cConaccujb ujlo. 



From Lou;j;]i Bo-deirg to Birr, 
From Shannon (Mst to tlio se:i, 
To Cumar Cluanirard, 
And so to Cumar Clonard. 

'There arc IS baronies in Meath, thirteen in IVIeath 
properly so called, and five in IMoy-Bra, according to the 
poet : 

Thirteen tracts there are in IMeath, 
As ev<MT poet tells, 

And five in Mov Bra, chaniiing plain, 
^}o doth each sage record. 
'J'he land oi' Meath I'll here desciii)e, 
\nd plains of fair enchanting Bra; 
From Shannon of the fertile fields, 
"^Vo ocean's side we ran exhibit. 
TJie men of Tati'a bound it north, 
And Carbry ever famed in tvinnipb. 
Famed too for troops, and learned sages ; 
To Casan thence the men of Bra extend, 

Meath was afterwards divided bv Hudi Oirnee king of 
Ireland, between the two sons of Donough, son of Do- 
nald, who had been king of the island before him ; their 
names were Connor and Oliol : he gave the western half 
to one of them, and the eastern part, in which is tlie royal 
scatofTara, to the other; this division hasremainedto their 
posterity ever since. 

2, 0/ the Divisions of Conachf. 

The province of Conacht, frq^i Limerick to Droveesh 
contains 900 cantreds, and 30 tracts or baronies, 30 can- 
treds in each tract, twelve plough-lands in each cantred, 
and twelve acres in every plough-kind, making 10,800 
plough-lands in all Conacht. 
'' ^ This 


]-S iipue t,oj]lfJ()]^ Coiiacr -6], ]om<i]»B(\]p t>i+,'0]'c|^ct4 
•'feA)il>v ]r>j]» -CA tjji.oj ro clinrtciijli Oe Diniann, CprnelUc 
*] Con <v n-^nmrtrivV ; to jjao Con I'ngcr* m6]» T:]mc]oll 
ConnAGo rjie Tp^oj-oCiVcr, ^ jp tse ]')n -do Ven Covm»vcri> 
ro'n co)5P"c. .1. Cujti ]"necc<v .1. j-necra Chujii. No ]]• 
u)me bO)}tc]0}t Cofiv\cr4)5 t)jor) a. Cujn jocra .1. cUiviu 
Clui]ri, 1 TO lj}fj5 suj'^'b jvTT clan Cliujn to A]r)^ fO]5en 
Conacr, ni.\]i a cajt j-lpcc Gocu]T%U)^riiCTO]n, 50)}tr)0)i 
Convxc-ujg Tjob. Do jtojn 6ocujt FcjtI^c co]50'6 Chofi- 
<vcr ) rr]ij m']}!]!') ]tj}» tjtjajt, .1. rw^ to FhjOTdc mdc. 
Fe]5 6 FiijoTAC 50 Lujmngc ; rue t'6oc(V]T vtUt loitinij- 
t)oninAn 6 bhcvjUjfe ^o Du]15i i>^ Uji^Iko]]- ; r\\^ to Hijiie 
mac Con]ii\c nia^ SajnB 1 j'^nruAfvV cTojjTpn o Fh]OTi\c 
50 rcriiA]]^ Bhjio^tv njAT, •) ]]- 1 Cjniacajn a jif]05phoj^rr. 

3. Do jto)fi t-oj^jf) Ukp an yo. 

Coj^^T UlaT 6 DhjtoTxo]]' ^o liJiiBcji Colpa, cujg 
rjt]oca Tca^ ^ y)C]r, no <v j-e Tca^ A]]t jrjCjT <v za jiire, 
poj ffjcjT -] no) cceT bajle b3a-n)5 <v ra )nre, -]ij pjcjr 
•j noj ccoT "j Ta nijle ipcA^ ]'e)f]iec y£]iojfi a ta ] ccoj^e-o 
IIUt iijle. IS ujme bOjjtf jojt UlajT t'joId on jfocalj'A 
oll['a]T: .1. TTiojt-jonmuj', Tiv cujr ) cccjU ^uj^ n)6l^ ]onnmj- 
co)5]T lllaf. TO Ve]r a licji'^ "] a j-pjtejTC* No iy njnac 
£0]]ir)o]i lllajT t']o15 u OHaiii J-otU ; a^ ]-o Ti')]Miie^acT; 
A]l» rin: 

Ollani FotIa ye(;ca]ii 5a )1 
iia)T ]to liA^nmnj^^T lllajT, 
jAJt ffjl^-rf-']!' ^CTiijjac na "cjK^l") 
I]' lc]|' ajji rrn[' to ho]]tneT. 

Ovv plj)tjon'iVon^phu]]iT; to Li j n-llllrajb j n-alloT .1. 
Cariiain %Aca 1 Ojloc Ncjt. 

4. Do 
* Sec Appendix 7, 


This pro\ince received its name from a trial of nocro- 
hvmcy between two priests or magicians of the ':■. iuiha 
Dt;dunnan, Kincallacli, and Conn; Conn by his marfical 
skill covered all Conacht v\ith snow, from wi)ence the coun- 
try was called Conacht, or the snovv of Conn. Others say 
that the people of Conaclit are called Conn iocht 
i. e. the decendants of Conn ; because the posterity of 
Eohy Mweeveyon, who were descended from Conn, in- 
habited the province of Conacht. Eohy Feileach di\idcd 
Conacht into three parts, between three persons ; to 
Feeyagiison of I'cig, he gave all tiie land from Feeyagh to 
Limeiick; to Eohy Alat he gave Irrus-downan, extending- 
from Galway to the Dulle and to Droveesh ; to Tliinny, son 
of Conry, he gave Moy- Saniv and the old tracts of Thccyin 
from Feeyagh to TaraBroaneea ; and Crooghan was their 
royal residence. 

o. Of the Dni6io7iof Uisicr. 

The province of Ulster, from Droveesh to Invcr Colpn, 
contains thirty -five or thirty-six tracts of land, and 1080 
cantreds, making 12,960 plough-lands in the whole pro- 
vince : it was called l.'lla or Ulster from the word Ollpvjt; 
Ollhaihy great treasure, imjilying Uie great weakh of the 
J^rovince in fish and cattle, with which it aboimds. 

Or perhaps it is called Ulja, from OIlav Fola, according 
to the following quotation : 

OUav Fola valorous in fight, 
From him is named the land of UUa ; 
He first at Tara of the royal race, 
Ordained the meeting of the nobles. 

TIjcre were formerly two royal seats in Uliter^ namely, 
Evan Macha or Emania, and Oleach Neid, 
Vol. I. E 4 Of 

4. Do jiojit Cho33)X) Lrt^^cti An \6. 
Co]5'io L«)5en, 6 t]\A)-^ ]fiL)]\\ Cliolpa 50 CumAj* n* 

tT1b^)le frjcjo T noj cct^t) b<v]le b)iv-u]t <v za p-e. Cl»j 
7]cp •] ceo -j <on nijle v6a^ T^^W^^ i:c<j<j)nn * r^ j 

6nv\ Laiin^b VctAn--jlAfv\ tu^Ar.j r»i:13-Bho)ll Ico ) n-e)]i]n, 
4T1 ZAT] rAn5*'o,j le Labiuij'o lojn^i'ctc, ]ofi<jnn i^na^^n 
"3 fl^5, -j no b}tj5 50 ]tAV)«vb4 n<\ |'le54 rii^Af^ n<* bo]ll 
leo ATI 'An p]n 50 cc^nnu]15 yljnn-lefriA o]^^A, "00 liAjTini- 
T^i^eAt) ATI cjijoch 6 tiA hA)tinu)13 ]-)n )A]t niApTjAtJ 
Choljtu)5 Ch<ojh-nbi>e^ ]tJ5 eji^jonti ] nDjnii}05 x)0]l) ; 

Da ccrr *]|t yjc)^ ci'tr 5v\ll 
50 lA]5n)b leAtriA leo a luill^ 
6 TiA lAj^rijb f)n ^An ojl 
ib)oB "CO liAjrimnj^et) LA]5]n. 

Di ])l)ltjOTTi-Tori^pho]it fto bj ) LA)5n)b ) n-A ccl^6- 
rAjTDJj- Rp^A LA]5£r> cothnuj'oe, .1. Djnjtj^ -j Na]- LAj^pn, 

5 Do jiojnn Chojgj'o Gocup Ab]nM^]iuAjr> j-otni. 

Coj^po GocAjt) AbjtA'6iiuA)'6 .1. 6 Co]icii)5 -] 6 Lxijmiicc 
poj]! 50 CumA}i riA T.T]s] nu)yrc, cujz; r|t]OCA -otw^ a]}^ 
■j:]6jt) A CA jnnce, ocjc nibAjh; j j-c^cc )f)cjr -j no) ccet> 
bA)le bjAtuj^ A TA junto, ]-c ccrr aja^ fA riijlc tsertc 
]~rjj-]^)oC y$]iA]nn A -A pn "--J^MiTTiAjn ro)]t, 'i fa jijo^jjhojtr 
comnuj'oe tjo bjoo Ag l^jo^ujb An coj5pj-j, m<| a tA Dun- 
ccpoz, '] Dun-)AfCUj5. 

C. Do jiojnn Choj^j-o Choh}i<o) Ann yo. 

Co]'^qjo Chon}i;o) tn]c DA]]io, o BIi^^Iac Con^lAjp aj 
Co]tcu;5 1 o Lujmnjoc y)a]\ 50 hja]ifAit e])i)onn, cujc; 
r)i)04iA •o^'A^ Aj]t pjcjo A tA jfinfc, r'Cjc ml>t\jlc j p^cr 


4. Of the Division of LdnsttT. 

The Prowiice of Lcinster, from the strand of Inver- 
Colpa to the Meeting of the three waters, consists of thir- 
ky-one tracts of Land, and 930cantreds; niakmg 11,160 
plough-lands in the entire province. It was called Lyen 
pr Leinster, from the shining broad-headed Lycns which 
the Normans brought with them to Ireland when they 
came over with Lavra L^-ngshy : Lyen however signifies a 
£pear, and because C'offy Cal-mra, king of Ireland, \\'ai; 
killed at Deenree with one of tliese fiat broad-headed 
spears which tlie Normans brought over, the province re- 
ceived its name from the^^e \Yeanons ; of which the follow- 
ing lines are a proof: 

Twelve hundred and two thousand Pauls, 
With spears broad-headed hither came, 
From which, a fact indisputably true, 
Fair Leinster had its appellation. 

The two royal seats of Lcinster, in vvhich the king^i cf 
the province used to keep their court, were Dee;iree and 

5. The J)ivision of the province of Eohj A-vraroe. 

The Province Eohy Avraroe, reaching from Cork anc[ 
J^imerick to the Meeting of the three \yaters, contains 
thirty-five tracts or districts, and one thousand and fifty 
cantreds, making 12,6G0 plough-lands in east Munster, in 
which tliere are two royal palaces where the kings of the 
province reside, namely, Dimgrott, and I)un-eesky, 

6. The Division of the Province of Cojivr/. 

The province of Conry Mac Darry from Ballagli-Con- 
glaish near Cork, and westward from Limerick to the westerly 
shore of Ireland; contains 35 district's and ^050 cantreds, 



}f jC)o 'J noj ccitT b(\ile bjAru]^ a z'\ jnnro, ft' cctc ■] 

If ).ir> TA jt)05pho]tr coninu}5fc 'no bjoo A5 ]ijo5U)15 ah 
coj5p ]n 3 riAlloT, Dun-cclvt)]tc •) Uun-eoCi\]]j-iiiit]5e. 
Oj|> t)* j'ljocc no bjoo } ]'c')lb ^}^ ria co]z;^-6 ]'0 %hunh\ii, 
.1. ]"l]occ Dajjijnc -j ^•I'joct Dc)]t5fjno, 50 hrtjmpjjt Ojljoll.v 
Olujm, x>o bj to j-]]oct Dlu'j^t^fjnc, ro ^»*b ccnmij* an 
, fA coj^ec* ].v]J ii-]0njba'6 iiijc Con a hCj]t]nn no, no bj 
no I'ljocc Uluijjijne, -j no yA^ujb (V z; a j-Ijoct: yrjn cennuj- 
<»n nA cojkO-oo j-ojn a iiaII, inAjUe ]te fe^uj^ocr ^aca jie 
n^lun no be)f a^ ]"1}0Cl Go^ujn iii6j|t, mjc OjIjoIIa Oliijm, 
•J A^ j'ljoct Cli()]nnA]c Caj]-, An nA]tA rtiAc n'(^]ljoll ai)^ 
A p:u)l |']]Ocr ] )f'»*]^'IV '^''^ ^"Ibl^ /?^>umAn. Ip ]An- na 
<'of]>A p]ijoni-bA)ke riiAp yA ]»jo5pbii]]fT; comnuj^ce no 
iijogujb An nA coj^en '■^^'binnAn, 50 liAjmy]]! Chu])<c liijc 
Ln)rr(,'c no beif 1 lfl»^]^]0]' *?<iLnnAn ; *) )]- ]ie Vjnn Chu]]u: 
no ]:)»]t CajpjoI A]]i rruj-; 'j ^j- e rA JiAjnm n<yn ajc 
n'A nsyjl^rjoj*' CA]tu]5 ChAjp)! j n-]uin Siof-n]ui]m, *| no 
^oj]it;j rop njvujm FjonbupR no'n jonan cunnA, ■) no 
bivnAp pmAt) co]llre rjmcjoll ah n]iomA r^n ] n-Ajnip]! 
('liiijjjc. ^An3AnA]^ y^'n Am yjn na n^ujcjne no bjAfAn 
A rro]>c yA'n CC03II no bj rjmrjoll An njtoniA y^n, mA]f a 
7 A mii]c'inc Rig Gjie, CjoKjn yA hajmn no, -j nuijcjne 
H]-5 '^A^huycpujne rj]tc .1. U]nniniiA, Dujinuipe yA bAjnni 
no, •) no biinAjt a^ Ajrjnc nA -ciiIca ypn ]iA)re z.v]v vAfy- 
benAnn6]b"nolb hnn rum-^lAn ]iiy An n^ju'-jn, jbunlijimo 
)nA ccol nA ccMiAlAnA]i ]i]Aiii, -j ) A5 b«;nnoAn luv rulcA, 
'j A5 rAjniv.-'-jju' f^ArjiAjr no tcct Ann. )A)t jyjllen n'a 
rrj5,]b TAjv A n-A]y xx) iiA miijcjnjb, n()crii]n ^ac njv 
ni flrAf•AnAJ^ n\\ ^*)F'-1*'"''^]^'^ Y^'V^f *l l»<ii>K'*'^>M* "'^ yc('\Uiv 
y]n ^o Co|tc niAc Liij^ncc, "j rj^ ^An yujl'cc 50 Sjor- 
irimpn, 'J no jijnt- ]oflj;-plio|tt Ann, n'A nsojjjfon l.]"]' 
TiA lajc]niy6e, ■] A]l^ mbr/if ] n-A jt)^ 'AiuiiiAn nn, jj- Ajjt 
An cc^iij5, jtt* ]iA)nr(\j rAjmj^ V\u\x:]u\y': j ji-]ui.i, np=;lACAp 

A rjoj- 


^x^alclng- 12, GOO plouiiTh-lauds in west ^Minister. The t\i-o 
rnval rosidencrs of tiie ancient kings of the province wtM«? 
Dun-gUirrv and Dun-eoghir-vaee. These two divisions 
of Minister were go-verned by two faniiUes, namely, the 
descendants of Darriny and Dergkinny, until the time of 
OlioU Olum, who was of the house of Dergkinny, and who 
after having hrjnislicd Mac Con, who was of the posterity 
of Darrinnv, out of Ireland, assumed the government of 
hoth j)rovinci'S, and settled icnpon his own issue, liMving 
ilic posterity- of his son Owen the Great, and Cormac Cas 
his second son, to succeed alternately to the sovereigiUy 
of the two provinces of iMunster. The four royal seats 
above mentioned, were the palaces in wlilch the kings of 
INInnster resided, wlio governed that provhice till the time 
of Core, son of Loo-ee,* in whose reign Cashel was 
first founded ; the name of the place which is now 
called the rock of Cashel, was Sheedrum, it Avas also 
called Drum-feeva, from the extensive wootls about it in 
tlie time of Core, lliere came about that time two swine- 
herds to feed their pigs in the woods about this hill, 
namely Killarn, herdsman to the king Ely, and Doordry 
the herdsman of the king of IMuskeriy or Ormond, and 
when they had continueil on the hill about a (juarter of a 
vear, there appeared to them a figure as brilliant as the 
hun, whose voice was \nore melodious than anv nmsic they 
jiad overheard, aiul it was consecrating the hill, and pro- 
phcs\ing th.e coming of J*t. Patrick. The swineherds 
having returned to their homes, related what they had seen 
to their masters, and' the story soon reached Core, son of 
Looee, who repaired 'AJ^b'^^u delay to .Sheedrum, and built 
a palace there, which is called Lis na La^chree, or the fort 
of Heroes, and being king of JMuusler his royal tribute 


■" Or Louie, acconling to the French pronunciation. 


j-]n, 6)]i )]' jon^nn cajj-jol ■) cp\- 4]1 ; ajl, )on)o]»i»o, <v]nni 
T-o c^|u)5, ^oiiat) u)n)e ]-jn gvijjtmfe^ C\\j]'jol .1. Csjujj 
<vn c)0]\\ t>u Ch4j]-]ol, 

7. Do iiijon-ju))nn "Ouiiumi <VTin yo. 

Olujm, ]iojruirc\j Ico ]\\v ] ii-a ocuj^; m^]i)B a]]^ <v rru^r^ 
cuj5 VOluuiiajn, <\n cls^o ih)}i Ajjv <v rrugrait (CurtoiiuiiiiAjn, 
))' L' A jrat) 6 Vcjm CJionccuL^jnn ^o ]"1J5C DIuIa .1. 411 BcIac 
niojj ) n-Oi'jmjie, -] a t<i]i]'n4 o j-lj4B Bjctj^e 50 j-l)*!^ 
Cjl)]jnne. '^t^A]' ra)^ cenn QUjt <vb ■po fen jiojnn CbonnACT: 
<v ):fu]l 6 f-ljalj Cjcrj^c 50 Lujmnec, rn<v)|-^-D r>o jtjne 
LugvVjt) '-^^ienn, in*c ^'eri^uj-A nij)t)5, rhjc F)]t cu])il), 
m}c ^6o5A ca)}ib, mjc CoitmAjc CIia)]', yc]tonn cloj-pjni 
•Oii byujl 6 ejctj5c 50 Liijmnec, 'j tio cu)]* le))' ah 
'•^tiuniAjn V. ; 'j jp e A}iim ^o]];rj •oo'n yejun yjn b^bpejtAnn 
Lu^Ajt), '] TO IVjot) ye ya)]t A5 DAlccAjy ^Ati ppp gAn 
Cti]n A5 jtjo^ujB 63]i)onn ajji. ^n ta]ia m]ii r)'(v n50)]ife|i 
"ll}tmuniA, ]]■ c A yar) o bhAb]iAn 50 CnAiiicojll 'i>hjobjtu)X3 
<^|JAnn, ') ]y e A rAjtyrA 6 B(.'A}ri-yin Gjle 50 ho]l(^n u} 
Bh]t)c. ^vn rjioy nij]!, ti'A nb^^j^rjo]^ meoon '^■^biiniA]n, 
3y e A yAt) 6 ChriAificojll 5,0 Lua^ajh DlicA^uj'r, ^ ])- u 
A Icjfjot) 6 yJ]Ab Cjbljnnc ^o yljab Co)!"!. '^'n cuj5e6 
nijji, 'o'a i>^o]|if]o)+ J-jrimiiiA, ])' e a yAo 6 Luacajji Dbe^ujo 
5^^ y^Ml^s^' yj-l' '1 * ^^^IM''^* *^ B^C^Ti u<\ RuAcrA ro Sjoniijnn. 

JS ujnic 5iV]|tnif;)o]t *^^uinA x>o ipa 00)^)06 ^(.^iniiAn, 
W) b]»)5 511]^ aI) niu j )nA con co)5)o-6 Cjlc ) n-C]]i]nn, 
6)]t A rA)t) cu]c; r]»]OCA ocA^ Aj]t yjcjt) }y ^ac coj5)0'6 
"po TA c(>)j;]o'6 'A^urriAn, '/ ^An an ujpc'c yjti } ii-;onco)5)o'd 
I'jie ] n-Cj]t)nii ; Ojjt ta^ conn 50 n-Ajtunjwjoji a fc 
"Ok-A^ 1 y]ce no bi'jf; j ccoj^joio IUat', nj jiAjb a^c a 



was received on this rock, now called Carrie Patrick^ 
wherefore tlie rock was named Cashcl, i. e. Cios ail, or 
the rock of tribute ; ail is an old Ga-lic word, signifying ft 

7. Slib-Divisiims of Miinstci\ 

When the family of Olioll Olum got possession of th^ 
"wo provinces of Minister, they divided them into five 
parts, called the five Munsters. The first part, called 
Thomond, extends in length fromCuclmllin's Leap* to tiie 
great road of Ballaghmoi'e in Ossory, and in breadth from 
SUev Eichty, to Sliev Eivlinne. Although all that tract 
from Sliev Eichty to Limerick was anciently a part of 
Conacht, however Looee P.Iann, son Of Aengus 7^ee- 
reagh, son of Far Corb, son of Mowa Corb, son of Cor- 
mac Cas, made a conqTiestof it with the sword, and added 
ittoMunstcr; this tract was called the rugged lands of 
Looee, and was possessed by the Dalcassian tribe exempt; 
from all taxes or tribute to the kings of L-eland. The 
second part called Ormond, extends iii length from Gow- 
ran to Knawhill near Tipperary, and its breadth is frOitt 
Bearnan Ely to the island of O'Bric. The third part is 
railed middle Manster, its breadth from Sliev Eivlinne is 
to Sliev Keen. The fourth part^, called Desmondj, extends 
from Sliev Keen southward to the sea. The fifth division, 
called west IMuUster, extends from Luahar Daee westward 
to the sea, and its breaddi is from Glenorouchty to tbe 
Shannon . 

The two provinces of Minister are called in Gaelic Muwa 
\. e. greateri, because they are of greater extent than any 
other province in Ireland, for there are 35 districts in each 
\Vhichismore than there is in any other province in tJie 
island. For though we have reckoned thirty-six in Ulster, 
yet it contained bat thirty-three till the kingdom was di- 

f The mo'jth of tlv: Sli.innon sj cUcd. 

t]tj t)i.'i5 -) yjie ]nntc 50 hAjTnj-jff :ia rco-j^o-h^Cf 6}]> 

^eo CO Lajjnjl), tni\|> a zi, 6 Loc an <'"0]5]r» 50 yA]J'5e 
le co]5]o6 \ihi> ] cconi.o)ii ]n5]ne Choncolbajit lujc Nej** 
•o'fAJivjl n-<v Tiin.oj tjo yejn, vMtkvjI <v ot'-ajuvm v\ ej]- j-o 
7 cco|»p n<v ]Ti\j}>c. 

Cuj5 rjijo^A *| no) ]f](^]X) ~]i]oca a -a ] n-C|)i]nTi ii]lc ; 
De)6 mbrtjle 'j t)iv fjcjo ^) cuj5 cet) '| cujg iiijle h\\)\e 
b)Aru)5 <v r* jnnre ; Se ct'tj •] ye mjle ycj^jiec yejuijnn 
*} c]^) yjCjtsmjle <v tA )nnre, 'oo ju']]i yonjionnA ua iit>a))r(J. 
ru}^, <v Te^fo])t, pu]> <vb niu y^v ro no yA f-)ij <»(■]»* to 
toiTTKvy riA nbvOjfjol )n.i ao]u\ "oo jiojn na n^.\ll Anojj\ 

R^XN 3. 

^in Ijon ?(]tt>eybo5 '| Caybo^. <\ t.t j n-C'jjijn, 00 jjejit 

v^ t(\]o cc]T]ic liVi']i'co]-]K)]3 ] n-G)]t)fi, nu| a cA;, 
'?(|»c>C]-bo5'^(]tDmaca, P)i]onip,\)6 na liC)]io;;n u]U', 9i'|it50]-- 
005 *?(f-A-cl]Ar, '^vltceylxj^ C'ha)p]l, '] ^i]*wi'bo5 cliiutmiw 

]y y^'n Pjt]oniirA3t) a raj'o na hO>vj'i)o)c; j-o ]-)<^]- ; Gwybo^ 
nvv "Cjjce, no 00 j»e]lt Chv\nir)Cjn, (3tt|-l)05 *<'vjl niv injjiori, 
.1. Ujynt^c, 6j}t ]]' <v]nm ro'n 1]5 a ta ) n Ujpicc, V^jl 
Tiv\ mj]t]on, ]onAn ]mo]t]io ^]\ j doc, j r>o 'olijS giil'' a]) j 
<vn cloc yjn an tcojiv\ )r]]v ^^A coj^r-pAjb t)'^ I)a}ne6 ^\A 
ce-jtpe ni]](o t)'rt ntJCviimar an "^ilipe, t>0 b^^jj+oc ajl n.\ 
^jl*9.'^ ^jj 'I b'^lP^fii^ ^^J'S ^^* cco]C,er>' m.^ an cecTn* r] ; 
Gaybo^ Dliujn-r)v\-ler-5lAy, Ca]'1)05 Clilocaj|f, Caybo^ 
Chu]fi]}U', CAj'bo^ ^(jiracA]^, GA]-bo5 llv^rbof, Caj-bow, 
llAflni, Ca]'1)05 D1ia]1 niocajp, Gajbo^ OIiojjK.'. 

y<i '^(]i'o(iyho-^ >\'frt-el)af: a riv Gaybo^ ^jllj^K?-•DAloc, 
6i»ybo5 FpytnA, Gaj-bo^ Oj-|tAJr>r, Garboc i.cjrgljnnc, 
'I GAybo5 Cli)!le-ri<|A. 

Fa *^jtt5oybo5 CI)A]f)l A tA GA]-bu5 Cl:jlk'-"oa-VnA, 
Gaylio^ Lujmnic;, Cayboj; ]nyc C'liArAjij, GAfl)o5 Cli>lle 
KjouAbjtAC, GA]bo5 )n)I)5, QAibo5 1-oj-a C}t(', Gapboc; 



vided irttd provinces : then it was that Carbty Neea-ar,* 
king of Leinster, gave up to the province of Uisterj ^hree 
districts of his own province, namely, from Loch au Ooga 
to the s,ea, in consideration of receiving in marriage tlie 
daughter of Connor Mac Nassaj as will appear in the se^ 
quel of this history. In all Ireland there are 185' teni:o- 
ries or tracts of land, containing 5,550 cantredsj in w il.h 
are 66,600 plough-lands, according to the ancient mea- 
sure of the Irish. It is however to be observed, that an 
acre, according to the Irish measure, is twice or three times 
larger than the present English plantation acre. 

Of the Archbishops and Bishops of If elands 

There are four archbishops in Ireland ; the arch- 
bishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland^ the ai-chbtshop 
of Dublin, the archbishop of Cashel, and the ai-chbishop 
of Tuam. 

Under the primate are the fbllcfwing b'isliops, viz. the 
bishop of Meath^ called by Camden.the bishop Ail na mi- 
reann, i. e. Ushnagh, for Ail na mircami or the boundaiy 
stone is the name of a stone at Ushnagh, so called from 
its being the boundaiy between the provinces, from each 
of which a part was taken from Meath, it was also called 
provincial stone ; t^ie bisiiop of Dundal^alhglas, the 
bishop of Clogher, the bishop of Connor, the bishop of 
Diilmohar, and the bishop of Derrv; 

The archbishop of Dublin has under him, the bisiiop 
Glendaloch* the bishop of Ferns, the bishop of Ossory^ 
the bishop of Leighlin, and the bishop of Kiidare. 

The archbishop of Cashel has under him, the bishop 
of Killaloe, the bishop of Limerick, the bishop of Inish- 
Cahy, the bishop of Kilfenora, the bishop of Emiy, the 

VOL. I. F bishop 

* Often stiled Carbry Njeanar, (hiadhoar,^ 


GAj-boj ChopcAjge, e»fbo5 Ilujj- u* cC»»)}»b]ie; Ajop 

F,\ ^}t'o£j-bo5 ^hu(vm* a r* Cij-bog Ch)lle mjc Duac, 
Gyvybog %liuj5e-eo, ^Aj-bo^ e.>n»6 Ujfi, GAj^bo^ Chjlle 
j,|CAjjt, e<vpbo5 Ro;-* Co'Tivv]!!. Gapbog ChlurtnA-]:g}«T«, 
GAfbo^ 6ac(»)6 Condjno, Gvvrbo- Chjlle ?(lu]Tpe, 6<vpbQ5 
Chonojfie, G^j-bo^ ChjUe '^oTi^itc, 'j Cafbog Gjle-y)!!. 

)S J <ojy An C]5e>«na, no jii))i ChAmoejn, Ati catt tso 
hojtOA)5eo PA cejrite hWptsgfbojj ] n -ejiijTi 1152. 

Do 6u)}t m6 ni6)»<vn 661-1)05 ah fo i-joj-, Aj)t Vo|»3 
ChAmt/Cjn, ha^ }fM}l a)JI congmAjl dno)!-, no cAfsO)j» 

tr^O]S ]OT>tA, a6t; JAt) Ajit n-A CCllJt AjJ» ccul, 'I cujio 

ejle Aji^ n-A ccf^n^Al da dejle -o'job, •] a]|* n-A ccu}» p* 
con-g]"bo5, m^ a tA Ljormojt -) I'ojirlAjit^e yA con-^pbo^, 
CiuAjn -] Coj^cA]5 f A con £i'bog ejk-, 'i tnup j-jn tsojB o 

toNN 4. 

t)o ShujibjusA'o nA liCjjijonn Ann p. 

IS c j"U)t))U5AO A tA A)ft Cjjtjnn ; An Gj-pAjn "oo'n 1c)t: 
ilAjt tcAj- t)j, An Fh)^A)nc co'n U;]t to)]i i^y 6j, An BJijt^-Ajn 
rh6jt oo'n lejt; tojjt r>), •) VtlbAjn w)'n lejt rojn fuAjts, 
I ATI r-A)5£n t)o'n lejt €)<j'ruA)o *] ro'rt lejt; r)<| oj. 9<5Af 
i>7Ii duniAt) u)^e A ZA f] t>$llVriV, i to fcjit %hA^nuf, oj; 
fCjtjoBAD Ajj* Ptolofneuj-, j;- ccjfite ct'jme ^o Icjr t5o'h 
dj^pr Sl^jAntJA t»'A n50))tc)0]t Zodiacus a tA j n-A \c]i]oxi ; 
^ A t)C)j> An pg]* c^onA ^ujt Ab yc 4iua)Jic tJCAg 'j cj<) 
c^jHiitinA bjop A)i» pAt) j-ATi 16 jj" fAjcc ro'n BljA^Ajn 


bishop of Roscrea, the bishop of Waterford, the bishop of 
Lisn)ore, tlie bishop of Gloyne, the bishop of Cork, tlie 
•bishop of Ross, and the bishop of Ardfert. 

Under the archbishop of Tuani are, the bishop of Kill- 
vic-Duach, the bishop of Mayo, the bishop of Enachduin^ 
the bishop' of Kill-ecrhar, the bishop of Roscommon, the 
bishop of Clonfert, the bishop of Achonry, the bishop of 
Killalla, the bishop of Conaiiin, the bishop of Kill-mo- 
riuuch, and the bishop of Elphin. 

The four archi episcopal iices were erected, according 
^ Camden, in the year of our Lord U5£, 

I have mentioned here from Camden many bishops that 
jdo not now exist, and for whom there are no sees, being 
either aboUshed, or united to other sees under one bishop ; 
as for instance, Lismorc and Waterford are now united, 
Cork and Cloyne in like manner are under one bishop, 
and s«k of the rest. 

Section 4, 

Of the Situation of Irel<m4. 

Ireland is ;;itnate thus : Spain lies to the southwest of it, 
France to the southeast. Great Britain to the east, Scot- 
land to tli^ north east, and the Atlantic ocean to the north- 
west and west of it. The island is shaped like an egg, and 
according to Maginus, in his notes upon Ptolemy, its 
breadth is lour degrees and an half of the zodiac or sun's 
circlti ; thp same writer says, that the longest day in the 
piost southern part of Ireland, is sixteen hours and three 
cjuarters, and in the northern parts the longest day is 
(pighteen hours. The length of Ireland is computed from 



j-tvn 1^ )]' i>v pn Icjt buo ruAjo ; 1 ]r ^ F*^ 6)<)t]0i-in 
6 04 Jin u) Tsie}t5 go clojc vvn StACAjn, -j <v r.jpi* 6 Iii^ei^ 
mop 50 hloppu)* DoTrinrtS. Cujg * VejjrojV iiiic jie 
t5e^m.»-o nivc lurtjibjm ,\n j-o conrce* no carpACA no b*jfre 
vn' u\ 6)itjofl, <»cc ^o N^^ct<»Ba)jt C^nroen '] n* c]i0)n]ce 
nu<^t)5t>ll tv rruapuj'cBvtjl Ufjrft 50 j-ole)ii, •] nac e j-o <^]V 
^ zzu-^zA Ypy, rtcx ] fcuj- 54\Bi.Ur:u)j' Biill iep hojifcuj^jo't) 


Hi tru)- "CO cjturiij^^t) ^i'tjani An ]"e)]-g-6 1* p^ojp 
<vn iPOVivAjn ; on* bljag^jn •ccivg po jt6 %m)rii 
TO pu5<vt> C^jn 1 A j-jiip CAlmivn* ; ^n 'oejcnuo blj^gajn 
pjcjt) ro I've ?tfnv)iii '00 JHi^at) ?(bel *| 4 fjnjt Delbojtw ; 
] cc]on c6d 'I r)i]OCiix5 bljA^Ajn no jie ^'r4]iii jui^aip 
iSeth, CO j'u']H na n-Gabjuij^ertc, 4im)l Icvvgrnp <V]§ 

Bejnelito Noe ■jo h^ccariii, -jc. -jc. 

Noe m<\c LaiTi]!!^, injc '^Oivrfiplem, nijc Cnoc, nijc 
lA]ier, ih]c '-Jl!)alal61, nijc Cvtjnan, ni]C Cnoj-, nijc Set, 
ni]c Vi'cajm, 6]]t a niA}p]on 'o\'j]* na Tjlifie j)- x>o flptr. 
Slicjr ]i\t) njlc, 'j TO brtf AT? yljofer Cl)4]n iijle yu'n nt5]I)fi ; 
•J ]]' c yat) 6 cpufiigcvt) ^>t)i\)m 50 tijljfi, to |»c]p na 
n-ertbpuj^e^, 1G56 bha jn*, ^oTiflT a3|ip fjn 4 TCjp tin pjle 
4n ji*n ]*o : 


CarnTce-Neid to XJlogh an Stacain, and its breadth fronj 
Invermore to Irrus Downun. I'he reader is to obsene, 
that it is not through neglect that I do not licre speak of 
the counties, cities or towns of Ireland, but because Cam- 
den and tlie new English chronicles have given a full account 
of them, neither is there a proper place for speaking of 
them, until we come to mention the invasion of tliq 
island by the English, by whom they were arranged, 


Of the Creation of Adam our frs( Father, SCf. i(c. 


.DAi\I was created upon the sixth day of the age of 
the world ; and when he had lived fifteen years he bego.^ 
Cain and his sister Calmana ; in the thirtieth year of 
his age, Abel and his sister Delbora were born, and when 
he was an hundred and thirty years old he begat Seth; 
according to the Hebrew computation, as we re^d in the 

The Genealogy of Noah to, A^am, iCc. 

Noah was the son of Lamecb, son of Mathusalem, son 
of Enoch, son of Jareth, son of Malaleel,. son of Cainan 
son of Enos, son of Seth, son of Adam ; all those w-ho 
sun-ived the deluge are descended from Seth, for the 
entire posterity of Cain were drowned'. .The distance of 
time from Adam to the deluge was, according to the He- 
brews, 1656 years; wherefoi-e the poet obsenes in the 
following distich : 



ft]}t fe ct'-ov\)b <v)p Tri)lc. 
^5 r*^ ^"^l^ ^)b I'jf^nchA-b ejle le]i" <\n n-<j}]t]oiii ccrtnii r 

Tib pr yjlc ejle A])! Aji Tip cce'oriA ; 

TTMit ]tjrii)ni ]r l^ur t,*n U)l, 
t;o t>')I)n o" fuy ronidjn. 

^■^ ]'0 ]ie jac n'oii]!!^ 6|i pp Noe fAr lyic ^Jl<oc j 
^OdTTi tjijocAt) iij)i iio) ccA-o bl]Ac;a]n ; Ser r* bl)454p 
iD^t»543J^iioj ccet5; Gnop cu)^ bljajriA Ajj^noj ceet*: CAjn^n 
fec)6 mbljA^na <»i)t rioj cr»''-r> ; ^aUU'I noj cct't* <icz cujg 
VjljA^riA ; lajter ta bljA^Ajn }p rjtj ^rj^jt) ajit tjij ceo; 
<inoc CUJ5 bljA^riA ajp f]^] y)cp <»]P" iioj fceo ; Ldm)<ii 
ycacr mbljA^rirt ©eg jp r}»j yjcp d)]t f^cc ccet> ; Noe 
"cc)c mbljAJna ]p ti* yK]ti Ajjt iioj rcec. 

*»ii4|t ro coTici]]>c )omoji]to Dja pljocr. .Sbe)f wg ©y] 
ra]t a rjonina yejn, ruan t>o t^jrjn x?6jl) j^^n cvinmpc: 
)n4 clonmup x>o •ocAnAm )>c pl^pcr l'hA)n l^olu]5, ) najt 
co]nii;<»'p pjAT <\n yogpcv pin, ro cu}^t aw ipjle 00 b>\rAib 
H4' n"ou)jnot) u}le <tc- Noe 'j a Len rujt b'lijnni Col)*^ 
•] a T-p]u]t mac, Sem, Cftni, •) iapbiT, •) d rrjijujt b<ii\ 
•6* TiKOjitf) Olid, Olljbd, •) Olljlnmd ; oj]* njoji cmnnjpg 
Noe ]ic. pljoct C'lidjn, -j t50 bj pu yiju'dntd. )a]i rr)id.5ari 
nd O)l}on CO jto^n Noe jri)]* 4 ^l^)np nidcujb rjij jiiifid 
an pp^fidjn, ^^h^]\ <\ t)(']]t dn yjle : 

Sem po ^db ) n-'^Ypid n-<\jr, 

CdiTi ^o ii-d (lojn pdn ^]rpd]Cj 
Jdjrec Tidfivl )p <v m]c 


The first lera of the world's existence 
From Adam to the ilood of Noah, 
Was six fall years and fifty- 
Above six hundrcil and a thousand; 

Another antiquary thus agi-ees with the same calculation : 

Six hundred and a thousand years I count, 
And fifty six I add from Adam to the delugo. 

And another ancient poet thus : 

Ten centuries and six complete 
With fifty years and six, 
1 reckon, and well iinow with truth, 
To Noah from the world's creation. 

'The following: are the acjes of Noah and his forefather^ 
in a direct line : Adam lived nine hundred and thirty years ; 
Scth, nine hundred and twelve ; Enos, nine hundre^ and 
live; Cainan nine hundred and ten ; Malaleel, eii^ht hun- 
dred and ninety-five; Jareth, nine hundred and sixty-two ; 
l^noch, three handred and sixty-five ; Matlidsalcm, nine 
hundred and sixty-nine; Lamiach, seven hundred and 
seventy-seven ; and Noah, Nine hundred and fifty. 

When God however perceived that the posterity of Seth 
had trans<rressed his will, for he commanded them not to 
marry with the impious Cain, and they observed not his 
injunction, he sent the deluge to drown all mankind ex- 
cept Noah and his wif^ Cova, with his three sonft, Shem, 
Cham and Japhet, and theif three wites Oik,. Olliva, and 
Ollivana ; because Noah was a ri^hteOus man, and intermai-- 
tied not with the seed of Cain. After the delude had sub- 
sided, Noah divided the three parts of the world between 
fiis three sons,^ according to an old poet :' 

In Asia Shem the ^iccpter swayed, 
In Africa Cham and his descendants, 
The illustrious Japhet and his sons 
Of Europe took possesion. 



Secc m)c yi^p Ag Sem, um ^I'^iyrAXdr, urn ^(fTil*, 
um Phepfpf, T )f «'<v y'jol yjn tia hGaBimj^e. Cyt)o6aT> 
tTiAC A5 Cftm, ') ]]' t5Jol) YV^ Cuj- -) C<vnrtn. \i cu]^T>e<v5 

<vn y)\e : 

Cjijo^At) mac mjn monAjv r>yl«5 
C]nj']ot5 6 Clnvm ttkvc Noi', 
* T^^~ lf)^l^ T>]oh 6 Shem, 
]j- <v cn]5 t>eA^ 6 JAjrer. 

*) lucr na h6o]ipA n]le, "j ]r t50 fl)oct "^(.ihAgog m]c Irtyec 
luct r\A Sc)t]A, -) ^b hA)|t)C,T;e n* ^I'p^*^ ^o 5^^ ^)Pc 
jAjt nT))l]n ii)A mAcci)B ^^bjl^t>, Amujl yo)ll]-cocAm 'ca ^ly 
]"0 ) ngABAlu^B Gjjijon. 


Do ^aBaIujIj 6j]1)0fT yt]A flDl^fl ]-OM#^ 

^ ©e^JJ]© cu]X5 tio ii,v ]'Q^ncAt;n]T) ^nji a!) jaw r]»j 
hjTi^ioriA ChAjn colu)5 t)o Ajrjg A]]i r-up ) ; ^oiia Tii 
re^^At) ]']n A TA Ari liivii ]*o, lej^rc] j-ah ruAjn ta]* aI> 

rOj'AC ' fnAjiU]- J SAltA)J> CllA)]-]],' 'jC. 

C)ij h}n5J()nA ^<v]6 jn Cliain, 
mA]> 0)11 jie Set niAc V^^ajiii, 
. At) coriAjJc BunbA <^]]\ rruj-, 
)!' mgBAjyt l)om a n jom^up. 

^ "oejjt LgaBa]! "oiioiTiA fncccA 50 mbAo BunbA Ajriin 
nA c^AO pspic t)o ^ab e)]ie jjja iit>]l]rl, -| 5u|t ,vb uAjf e 
A r* BAnbA A]jt ej]i)n. Co^a-o ]omoii]to bon rAnjc, -f 
'}»1<J fc^} Lavju Ajiiii) ):)]» ojob, 'I )]• MAp A)nmni5f;e<f 


Shem had seven and twenty sons, ampng whom- wei'e 
Art'axad, Asur, and Peisius ; fron) nim too, . uie descended 
the Hebrews. Cham had thirty s(jns, froni whoin a/e Chus 
and Canan. Japiiet had fifteen, among whom were Co- 
mer and Magog ; as the poet saia ; 

Thirty fair sons, dihgent in work, 
Sprang from Cham the son of Noah, 
Se\en and twenty sprang from Shem, 
And fifteen more from J apliet. 

Fibm Japhet are descended many of the northert 
nations of Asia and the inhabitants of all Europe, atijd 
from Magog son of Japhet, are derived the Scvthiaris, and 
especially the tribes that invaded Ireland after the flood, 
before the arrival of the sons of Milesius; as will appear 
liereafter, in the invasions of Ireland. 

« - v iftOPao— " 

C H A P T E 11 V. 

Of the Invasions of Eirin before the Flood. 

OOME of our Shariachics or historians' assert that Eirin* 
was first inhabited by three daughters of the wicked Caiii 5 
in proof of which is the following distich, from a po?em 
which begins, " 1 fotmd in the psalter of Casiiel, &c." 

Three fair daughters of Cain, 
With Setk the son uf Adam, 
Discovered Banba first, 
I here record tlf ad\entitre. 

The Book of Drum-sneachta informs us that Banba was 
the name of the first of these sistei-s who invaded Eifin be* 
fore the flood, and from her the kingdom is called Biuba- 
There came over in all fifty women and three laeni one 

VOL. I. G of 

* See Appepdix R„ 


■^<\\<l •663I5 5UJ1 (•ft5*'o^ ujle jie hvon-r]'e6rmu)n. Div 6et) 
bJj.^5Ujn )<^n pn tjo ^j Cjjte 5*11 cupe bco jTitc, ^otkvw 
*jjve pn t^njo «n t5)l]of<. 

^ t)e)]Jjo Djfons ejle aca ^u]i <vb rifjuji jAj-cAjjtpc 
5>o feok'D le h<vnp6 5;sO)f e o'li GAj-pajn 50 hajriitseonad, 
•J m^ to civjrjn 4n t;-ojiL\Mi fjii -oo plljot)^ <i]jt c^fi a 
7nb<vTi x?o'n Gaj-pAjn, -j nxv^t ron^Aiotj r^ <v n-Ajy 50 

gujt bdcAt) jivo; C*pa, Lvtj^nc, -] Luaj-^'o a Ti-Antii<vm : 
flirfiAjl <v ttejjt <*n fjle y^n JiAVi j-o : 

po}+ jnjj- i}<vrib<v n<v mb^fi, 
5(*bj*Atj 50 cAlm<v comkn. 

% tJCjjfp cu]« <vc<v 5u)t Ab ] Cei*A]]t ^n^jon Ehcru 
jfijc Noe tan^c jjj* iTojijn; b^riA'o <v)]ie j-jn jto cah <\n 
7]le <*n jufi ]-o : 

Ce*f^)]i in^en Bber^ l)u<»)n, 
■ofllcA .SaY)U]11 riijc N)oriu<v]l, 
*n ccv>-o ben c<vbn(t jto cjir 
■o')n]f Bhanbft ]1]a nt)]l)n. 

^\'6 «]1 }Tnojt)io <T pof ■o'p5A]l cHQ^-o rug go hGjpjn 
j; tgccA 00 cujjt Bjoi; go Noe t)A i:)Af}tv>)gc tje i\n 
jfu)5^6 yrejn 'j a )ng)on Ct^fA]]* piiAt) j"An ajjicd'a cCsOiiniAo 
A]]t An 'Ojlju, A •cubAjjtT: Noe nac H:u]5(^t> jtia a jngjon. 
Do duA)6 Bjof, La6]»a, Fjonncnjnn -j Cej-A)]t ) cconiAjjile 
an j-jii ; tjcAnr^ mo doriiAjplcp Ipj, 'j ^'^Trtji') 'oo t)CAnr<j 
^ jA"Of An. mA]f^c rAbjtujt) Iajtii-oja Ijb -j tl^cjgjri t]a Noc- 
Le)j' pn fugAn^ lAjrhicj* Ico, ^ a 'ou1ja];>c ah Iajhioj* 
|»)U lojng^f t>o ib^-AnAni, %]^QP njo]v b'poj^ t)6 gi rjtAc 
t)0 t)0cp«6 An "ojljofi : tJO l*)n(£>6 long loo, 7 rc'jo ]-]AtJ 
-*^Jf Tnu)p. '^(g^r )r <-^ ^j'^" ^^ 6u<»n.j Ail, .1. Bjor, Laojia, 



of these men was Laia, from whom Ardlaran has its namf. 
These people hved forty years in the countr}', till at the 
last they all died of some distemper in one week. From 
that to the deluge, a space of two hundred years, Eiriu 
^-eraained totally uninhabited. 

Others affirm that Eirin was first discoyered by three fishr 
ermen who wcic diivcn thither by a violent storm from the 
coast of Spain ; and bcinfr pleased with the island they went 
back to Spain for their \v7ves, and jn their return were 
overtaken by the deluge at luver Thuha, and all drowned: 
their names were Capa, Lainy, ^and J^uasad, as the po^t 
observes in the following distich : 

Capa> Lainy and pleasant Luasad, 
Came a year before the flood, 
To Banba, isle of beauteous women^ 
The gallant heroes acted bravely. 

Others again assert that Casar, daughter of Bih, son of 
Noah, arrived before the deluge ; wherefore the poet 
fc'ung this verse : - -t; - ■' 

Casar daughter of the constant Bih, 
Fostered by Saval, Ninual'sson, 
Was the first heroine that arrived 
In Banba'p isle before the deluge. 

If it should be asked what brought her to Jijirin, the 
reason was this; Bih sent to Noah to request of him aij 
apartment in the ark for himself and his dy-nghter Casar, 
to preserve them from the deluge, but Noah denied the 
request. Then Bih, Lara, Fintan, and Casar consulted 
togetlier what measures they should adopt ; take my ad- 
vice, said Casar, we will, said they; then apply t6 an idbl 
and forsake the God of Noah. Whereupon they applied 
to an idol who desired them to build a ship, though he 
knew not at what time the deluge would happen : they 
then (itted out a vessel and put to sea. The persons that 



<on ]t;u. Seacc nibl]a5n,\ ■-, prt)fe ■66)1) vV))* nuijii, ^li]* 
gAlkoajt cuan ] noun r\^ nih.\]tc, ] ccpjc Choitca-'oujBnc, 
<ni cujC,o-6 U xDi^rt^ "o'ej-gA, aitivvjI %t -pt'}}* An pjle : 

Jj' rtfi TO ^<\V)v\ti^j pojtr, 

A5 Diin n* mb<jc <in ljAnr]tocr, 
] rci'il Cho]'liac, ) ccjijc Ch<i]]tn, 
^in cu]^et5 nevi5 t>j<v j-afajpn. 

Da yjc]^ l,v ]i]A ntJjljnn fanjc CgyA)]! ) n-Gjjijnn, ro 
jn')}T tvn fjiet) : 

Da yjcjr: U ]\]^ Tiojljnn, 
ranic CgpAj]* ) n-G)]^)?!, 
Fjonnrujnn, Bpr, ly La-oJIa 6'n 1)11, 
]f c;05>ib jn^'jon <:(V)V)jri. 

t^j5 r)^e eile Icjp <in njo ccC"pn<Vj j-^n ]uriyq ; 

Uo Vujo ^, n-q)]» CeyAjji, 
^ni;)Qn Bhgrcv <vn Ben, 
^o n-A c<05<vt5 ]n5(>n, 
i»5ap 50 n-* r)(),j ye]*. 

]]' iVn Livojid * tiv AyicUpjion, -j ]]- v. ctAr niiilj CjpjoH 
e, 00 JK'j]! n(V •ojfojn^e <v 'oejjt n»}t 5^!) liicr a]]i bjf 
'G]jie |»jA n-ojljfi acr Co]-<\]]t -j rtn 'T]»on5 fvvn)c ]('j. O 
_^l|eT^vip ^oj]ir)oii yJj^;15 Ber^ ; 6 KlijoTlrajn sojjtcjojj ycjir 
^^joncuju,, ) nrujicc; rtfirtf, K>)iii ]u; loc Dcjji^riqjic ; o 
Ceynjjt .^ojittjo}} t:<|n Chcf]UAC ] cConacrujb, rj»)<\llu]ip- 
^r D^' S*^, ^"-"^ rn<;)niiic .1. cuin^ nA rrjfj n-n)]-cc, iijt: 
4 g;u]l )-u4jncm Sjujitc ^j Cojjic j Boftl)A ; pojnj-o Afi yjn 
An. c»0{;,\p )ui;jon n-a rr]!] juvfmjb cro]i]to^ juig FjonnTrujnn 
iC'oyajjj Ic}]- T rS^^ 'niiii ^('ar inajlje jijft ; jtuj B]or 
BA]i]tcvn, lc)y •) yrcc unni tl-cv^ mc^jllc ]fia ; jiiij Lrt^jiA 
l^vil^A, lii)!' j fr mni pcvv^ iniV}^ <:on ]»]i>, 'j jm^ 50 1k\]io- 
Uojtan JUT, '^i p^*)l^ yi'-jn hay rtfi y)n. Fjlloy Balba -j 
PA yc uinv> "qcitp; 50 Coya)|t ,v]i)y, cujpc^y ("CPUl^ yct'.vl* 
, 50 J'jor, •) rj^; B]or "o'yjoy FJijonrnjn 511]* jtoinyJA'o n<v 


Mcnt on Loaiil were Bill, I/ara, Fintan, Casar, Barran, 
and Balva, witli fifty young women along with them. They 
were seven years and a quarter at sea, when at length 
tliey put into port at l)un-na-niatc, in tiie territory of 
Corcav-dnivny, on the hfte.euth day of the moon, as the 
poet tlius relates : 

'Twas here this hand of female?, 

Put into port at Dun-na-nian", 

At Casar's wood, in territory of Carn, 

I'Jie lifteendi of tht; moon, on Saturda}". 

Casar landed in Eij-in forty days i)cfore the deluge, ac-^ 
cording to the poet : 

Twice twenty davs before the flood, , 

Came Casar into Einn, 

Widi Fintan, Bih, and Lara from the sea, 

And tifty beauteoijs lovely virgins. 

This is corroborated by another poet thus : 

Casar set out from east, 
Daughter of Bih she vvas, 
\\ ith her iitty virgins. 
With her three brave heroes. 

From Fara is called Ardlaron, and he w-is the first man 
who died in Eiriii, accordinix to those who assert that Eirin 
was never inhabited before the flood but by Casar and 
those who canie along wjdi Iicr. F'roui Bih is called Sliev 
5aha; from l*'intan is called Fert Fjntan, in Tipperary, 
near Lough Deirg yeirc ; from Casar is called Carn Casra, 
in Conacht. From Dun-na-marc they set out to the con- 
fluence or meeting of the three waters, the place 
where the Suir, Nore, and Barn)\v meet together; they 
there divided the fifty young women between them ; Fin- 
tan took Casar and seventeen women along with him, BiJi 
took Barran and seventeen women more, and Lara took 
Balva together with sixteen otht^ females and brought 
them to Ardlaron, wiiere he died. Balva and the sixteen 
women retuj^ncd to Casar, who informed Bih of the cir- 


re mni •o<''(V5 I'jn ]ct;.\c, 50 ]iu5 Bjor- <v Ver jrc-jn le}f 

ixn y)n. D^U n* banrjtACv-A ro bi vt^ B)or ^JS]'0 o'yjop 
14i)onru]n iA]t n-ea^ -li Bh]of, ^pccvo tej^^O]' K)onru)T> 
jtompcv * Lai^n)T). Zc]-o Cep\]i» 50 n-A baiirjiact ^a 
cu]\ Ce]']i<vc J cCoflAfTujb, j ro bit)]' v\ ciio^oe jure .' 
r]t6. bejr ] n-o^mAjf « y)l>, ■) "jjc ca^ <v h<vt.4 ^ a bjK\r.j. 
Nj jiAjb uAjce p) x)]l)n AH ]-)n Acr ]h' i\ ; ^onar) A)]te 
pn <> -oc')!* All \]\e <»T) j»Ann j-o : 

]]• ]AO r)n y\]\ ^^-l\^]]^ bnr.rA, 
A iT-OjS'i^*^ *^ ii-]iiifecrA • 
rj jiA]b Acr yrcrnni]!! iiama 

IKUAjb ^UJ- Al^ f(f;_^fl»ACA. 

Bjo-b A j-joj- ^^^•o A ^(^S^ojl* iw^- "W PfJP P)J^3")5 
cu]]i]in All ^AbA]l]'j Chei'jiAC j-jo]-, jua a)n t;AbiV]l ejlc 
Tv*\]i luAjfoms] 50 ]to yo, Acc '00 b)i)£ 50 |fUA]iu)' ycjVjobT-A 
)»6inAm ] ]-oi''-^£biin]b -jAt) ; •) p'.y r\) rui^ym o]onui' yu^A'o.j 
vX |'encAt>A iivv j-c^aIa yo ajji An riio]n5 f-Aiijc ) n-Gi]t]n 
]to)ih An tijljn, ACT iTiun<vb -[At) ita Torfmjn vejtrA 'oo bjor> 
) n-A lef:Anu]b yjf c ^Cx\ fu^ ■66}b ]at, jie l:«|n a bejr ) 
r-A bpA^AfiAj^jb •66}B, no nuuiAl) ) lociijb cloc yn^At?^ 
yc|i4obf(!, jA-o, }A]t rt j^A^A-o nA t>]l]ne. 0]]i v) lijnfiAyoT^e 
•^n]^ Ab e AW F]onrii]n I'lt) no bj ijep ah •ojIju am, tx:) 
»iiA)]iyc'6 •o%-ji' TiA v]\]T\c, TO bjt']5 50 }yuil An yc]i)oprujt 
n-A A^Aio yjn, niA]^ a n-AbA))i hac rx^CAp 'oo'ii T?]i()]n5 
■6.onrA ^.\n bArAo aL~ otr.-^ nA bVvj]M:e Amv\]n, ') ti) ijob 
yjn Fjon-iijn. ^'p ne]riiy)]t]nrc avj yu]r*]iiJA6 a ta aj, 
•ojiojn^ no ycncAnAib a]}i Fb)orirA]n ©o iiia]trA]n ]-»e Vjil 
nA Tjljnt', in.| a n-Ab]»Ajt) ^uyt TilA)l1(^t3^| ceryt^ j rrcjr)te 
TiAi^-oAjb All -cMuiAjn ]u* Vjfi nA t?)l)ne 4. Fjoilnijii, Fo]ton, 
Fojty, *^ '"?^nro)o ; Sl^C"^ ^ ^'■'■lt^-^^]Vy ^^ mcAp jii)! a1) ) 
yo c^AtiyAjt) nA Titojn^c ly u^'o^j-da yAii yen^uy: ujioc 
\■^y^ cuj|i)-Q vi^-c^ T'A]|i]5re jy An yoncuy ah np yo 



bumstancc ; Bih corrstilts Fintan, rvliereiipoh tlicy dhitkd 
The women amongst tliem ; Bih took his number to Sliev 
Baha, and died there. As to Bill's soniglioj they came 
upon his deco'ase to Jbintun, who liowovcr tied trom them 
out of I.einster. Casar with the seragUo retired to Casar'» 
Wood in Conaclit, out of grief for her husband's 
abi^ence, and tlie death of her father and brother, she 
broke her heart. This happened but six days before tho 
dehige ; as tiie poet observes i« the following lines ; 

And thus their mortal course complete, 
They died and from this life departed. 
One solitary week alone there way 
Thence to the Hood of forty days. 

Let die readers observe that I do not set down this in- 
vasion by Casar as true history, nor any of the other in- 
vasions already spoken of, but merely because I have found 
them mentioned in ancient mannscripts ; neither can I con- 
cei\e how our antiquaries obtained these accounts of those 
wlio arrived in Ireland before the tk)od> except it was from 
those aerial daemons or fairies who were supposed to wait 
on them in the days of Paganism, or that they found tliem 
engraved on stones after the deluge had subsided. For it 
is not to bi' supposedj that the fintan who existed before 
the iioodj was the same person that li\ed after it, because 
'it is contrary to Scripture, which mentions that all mankind 
perished iu the deluge, except eight persons only who were 
saved in the Ark, and we know that Fintan was iiot amon<>' 
lliat number. The evidence of some antiquaries who sup- 
pose I'intan to have lived during the deluge is false* wJiere 
they sav that tliere lived at tliat time> four person^ in tlae 
four quarters of the world, namely Fintan, Farran, Fors, 
and Andoid ; but let it be observed that d)is is by no means 
the opi'iion of the best Historiaiis. For which r'easou. a 



jtorhujTl ) IsOjP, ■OA yojll]-jUj;AD tiac rt}^ pe Ic v)p)nc <^n 
cj*ejojm <v jtwo 50 nivtjjiyeo FjoMr.ujn, no c^crsj tjo'n rjij^ 
ejle, Ji} TiioojttAt) 11* "Ojljon; a^ ]-o ah \M]h '. 

T50 pA^u)!) Uja pA t5)l)ri, 
J'jonrujri, Fe-iton, Fojtj- c»om cojjt, 
rt5Aj- Vi'iioujo niAc G,vf6)]t. 

F()|tf ) n-o)iifo<j io]]i -00 -oiji;, 
Fejiun ]ie huA}tr>v\ ] n-ejojc',- 
F]oriru]n i»e jriijnjot) 50 l)ecr, 
A^A]' v^)it?6}t) i^e t5eij*ccitr. 

"Sjo A))trh]t) fcncA-oA fju, 
nj A]](ni]on CAnojn cuBA}r) 
ACT Noc tij ] r-A]|tc 'j' <x cIavt, 
'j' <» rrniA j:u<t)]> c.oifin«r) n-Aiiir/An. 

IS tujjre A J' |-)n iiac c^ryujo co)fc]ofi 00 iiA |encA'ru]l> 
Fjofirujfi no ah r]tj^ e]le do ViiApem*} ra^^niAjfrujn yre 
r)0]trAo TiA -ojljne -j -o'a he)p, ^]W'6 ca n-vvb]iA"6 sOn-rponCA-)'6 
m^ c^otnnAti Ajp ^]<<-"3S sufv bATAo Fjofi-ujn m^ oin le 
CAC jTv'm nr^jljii, 'j 50 n-oojtnAt) Dja A]^BcorAt> Ajjt Tci 
^"Jr D" ^^ CvOinnAO '| lo cojifieAta j'ceAl ^ jinT-^crA ha j-fri 
50 hAjm}-)!! PhAr]tA]c -] tsA cjf f)n 50 liA^mpjii Fheinejn 
ihuj^e bjle, nj iuj^jm cjoiiup but^ ejt^jji a coni-pn^AncAC 
]'0 t50 iijt) "00 6e]lt: yen pa hGo]^jiA, ] a injoficA ]te Tjfi 
Fhjnejn ^ 6 fo)n ]\\e x>o cua^sJ •ojton^A' ^gJ^fSnu^^fe tio 
6jAt)Aj]i)b ^ •o'yellj'AiiniAjb •] no ticojn)!) r^nujce cjle jta 
t]\)ocA]h o]\^•ziO]^c^ nAhGoppA noThiuiAiicle^j^ejcorhrjno}!, 
•) to te^Aj-c ]-col ccojrtjon, -j a fiAn nAC bjAt) ajJ» a lo]*^ 
Tjeji-cjubAl t'j5jn le jfuj^yjo IvOjo no Ijrjjt 'n-A nibcjo 
luAo no jomjtv^o a]]> Ilijorirujil, 'j a iIijoiifA ro p-jijoljAr^ 
nej^e cjIc a ca ]tc a pj-Ajcj-jn ] n-)inii , '/ yoj- nA<'; 
pAjc]n) lomj'tAD Ai}i J^'lnoncAin i bp|t')iii-relj.\]» IjAfijnrAriiAjl 
41}* bjt, j-vOiljTn, TJA jj^^jjt yin, nac yuil Adc jrjfij'ccAl 
pjlj'o^crA j-An IFjoncuin uo luA]6'"(>^J 00 riiA]icuifi jicj* An 
t')l}ri 1 «'a lu'jf. 


certiiin writer }ids noticed this circumstance in the folloxving 
hnes, to she^* that it is repugnant to rehgiDu, to say that 
cither Fintan of any of the other tlu'ee survived the deluge : 

The names of four whom t'oiitHve the dehige, 

The Deity permitted, just arc :iis resolves, 

Were Fintan, Farran, Fors tiie righteous fair. 

And Andoid son of Kahor. 

Fors he pla.;ed m easierii climes, 

Farran in the chilly Nortli, 

Fintan e>^ctly ut setting sim^ 

And Andoid in the South. 

Though Antiquaries mention those, 

Vet sacred canons do allow 

To have saved tlieir lives, but Noah, . 

His children and their wives, in th' Ark presei'Ved. 

Hence we are to infer that it is not the genera! opiniort 
of our Historians, that Fintan or the other three we spoke 
of, lived during the deluge and after it. Yet if any his- 
torian as a defence of his falsehoods, should assert that 
Fintan and the rest were drowned in the deluge, but that 
God restored him to life again, in order to preserve and 
relate the history and travels of his ancestors until the time 
of St. Patrick, and after to the d?vs of Finncn of Tvloy-Bille, 
it is beyond mv comprehension how an event so wonderful 
could be unknown to all Europe, since in the time of 
F^imen, and often since, numbers of celebrated divines, 
philosophers, andother wise and learned persons have gone 
into the polite countiies of the Continent to instruct tlie 
clergy and laity, ajid establish public schools ; it would 
be nugatory tliento say that none of the disciples of those 
nien would lca\'e us any piece in prose or vei"sei making 
mention of Fintan, since \ve have still extant so many of 
their writings upon otlier subjects ; Neither do I fmd qion- 
tion of Fintan in any old book of autliority ^t all, wiiich 
induces me to believe that the whole story of his sur- 
viving the deluge, is but a poetical fjction. 

vor,. T. H Ida 


B)t)§,t> nj Abjiujm 11AC ]u\]he. r>u)fie cJijorJA cjAn^ofrA 
4n }!e trgcr Ph<ic]iA)c ^o hejjijfi, -j ^uji tThA)if <vn T3U)ne 
Y]r) joiriAo t>o cct)U)B blj^v^Ati, -j gac nj'o but* cuuiv;]!! 
lejj" pc]r» ^u}! t*)r"^"]r ^"^ )'har]^v]o c', -j poj- ^a^ beol- 
03"o£f ruA]]t 6 n-A j-3npo]fu]b 4ji> iia liAjTnj'jopwjb t>o 
cuAjt) jjopie pcjn, -j f^ol]ni 50 jiAjbe <v j-ftm»v]l j-jn no 
f^nojjf an 'o\\ n^ojjit] Cuah itiac C\>]]t)ll, rio i>e)|i -oiiojnje 
pe f^ncii]*, T ro pt]\i "rjiojn^e ejle RoAnu]* .1. C<o]\ze 
rnnc Ronrt^n 00 nm]}i rnjlle^ -j rn] ceo bljA^Ajn, 'j oo 
fioct m6}i<vn yenCufa r.o Pliivrj^djc. 

^*b*r ir *]1^ ChiOjlrc )Y c6)]t R6«iiu]- no R6n4riuf 
CO CAOujjir, 6j|» nj le5f^ ] Irbsi ^An b)or t>o f^ncuj* 
Cjjijofi, 50 ^^ojl^fj Roivmij' no Ronann]' "b'Fhjorjcujnn ; 
Acc ^j'o Aj]t "CO bejit Civmbjietif]]' RoAnup ni4]^ 546 
h}ie)5 c)le o'a cl<on-j-en6uf. ^i's^f <\nirt)l 100 cu]]t yjon 
Kortnup ]'jO|' J n-A ci»ojTi]c j n-vVjn Roniuiui-, ]'c:]»jobAjt) 
gAc sOn t50 nuA-o-BhAJIujb j-cjijobii)' A))* G)]^jf> Roadu]- 
Ajft Tojiq ChAiTibjienf]]' mA]^ Ajnin a)]^ Fhjorirujn, xjo 
^1^)5 5"1* *^^ *^ CATr>b]>enfjf ]]• rA]ib tAriA t)6]b le 
pci^jobAo )\o]bfoncu]]' A]]t Gjjip, fl)]i Afi a-oBa]^ tiac jfujl 
A TTiAlA]]it; tso ffieo]>A)5e ACA. )f c6l»u]t)e <* rfigj* giijt 
«b A)]4 Ch.o}lre t)0 bc)]tfe4 Ronanu]', tnA]i cu}}*)r) fen^ 
^5*^31^ rPr 3^31* Ojbpg^cAjlj PhAr)iA]c ^uji fipjob j-c //w- 
/or/iti HiherniiP ex lioano, scu Ronano. Jj- 6 jomo]tlio 
T'lojuot) An u^t5A]]t ■)Y ^HAr "oo rui» op cjofi ^ac o^bjtc "oa 
j-cjtjobAfi ncc nv| jj- yollnj' "co ^-ac 1c^cOj]i clcccuj* u5t?Aj}t 
to Ve5At). 

^'S'.vr n'] ^-jo]* t»o Hitnmcji ) n-A '^po^njc m^ 6 •oejjt 
^Ul* Ab ni6]i An m^j* a ta a^ Bcojioohijb Ajjt j-c6*Iu]b 
Fhjofirujfij TA n50]]>jon pejyjon RoAnup, inA]* a tiej)tjX5i 
^up poltA'o ]rA ojljn c, -j ^m]; rhAjji j nr>)A)6 ha iDjljonn 
rujUo 3p t5A rnjle bljA^Ap, -j 50 jiu^ Ajjt PhAr]iA)c, 1 
^up ^Aft bAV-c^t) UAjt), T suj> iu>tc jomAt> j-^ncupA -j 50 



I do hot however deqy, that at the time of St. Patrick's 
arrival in Ireland, there was a venerable old personage 
who had lived sonje hundred years before, and gave Patrick 
'^n account of every thing he remeiiibered himself, and 
^Iso tl^e traditions which he received from his ancestors 
concerning former times; him I take to be the sanip with 
the sage whose name, according to pur historians, was 
Thuan, son of Carrill, or according to others, Iloanus or 
Keelthe (Caoihc) son of Honan, who was above three hun- 
dred yearii old, and rolated to St. Patrick several historical 

This Keeldte is properly the person called Roanus or 
Ronanus ; for we do not find in any history of Ireland, 
that Fintan was called by those names ; though Cambrensis^ 
along with every other misrepresentation of his lying his- 
tory, calls him Roanus. And as he wrote Roanus in his 
chronicle, instead of Ronanus, so every modern Enghslj 
>vriter who treats of Ireland, writes Koanijs, in imitatioii 
of Cambrensis, as the name of Fintan ; because having 
no better guide, they looked upon Cambrensis as dieir 
polar star* in writing a spurious account of the countr)'. 
It is the more probable too, that KeeUhe is the same person 
with Ronanus, because old authors place amongst the writ- 
ings of St. Patrick, a work entitled, Historia Hiberniaj; ex 
Rwano seu Ronano ; and every one acquainte(i with books 
well knows tiiat it is generally the sinunne of the author, 
Ithat is prefixed to his work. 

Hamner falsely asserts in his cliroui(.le, th^tthe Irish hol'^ 
in high estimation die^e storie-s of i intan, whom he too 
calls Roanus, since diey assert that he perished in the flood, 
and lived above two thousand years after it ; that he met 
with St. Patrick, rccei^•ed baptism from him, and related 
to him many ancient events ; that he died about a year after 

* LiteraUy the Bull of the Herd. 


fj-'iKvjit brv]' } ccjonn blja^iivV y\]i rroj^^cr PliArj^Ajc ^ 
n-ej)!]nn, ■) ^nj^ h*t>na)C5^t> lajrii i+e ioc R)B j n-Uiniiu- 
»i-!<ijn, m<j A jyu]l rempoli ajji ii-A B^nnv^At) ) n-a <v)iini, 
1 50 bpr.jl j-e <vj]t n-<v ftjnninju^j^t) j mefc rivom. b]pc<vp 
)]' •j.olluf riAC •out)A-)|t'' yoncAt) li)<viit, -) foj- riAC ^ yAi<^]¥> 
]-:;}t)obrvi <vn r jo yo a rxjjjt Doctu]» UAninei^ ; 6]]t * 
CAjo. r]i)Ujt j)e ft luao <\nn yo ] }<]Occ coiToupe Auiipi, 
.1. F]onn u]n, •o'vv i^gojjt^onn C<^mbitenj-jp R6»\nu]-, ^ 
Cccjlre rriac RoiKijn t50 ba)fTo6 le P^rjJAjc, -) tug jomau 
j^uncnyA to, -] Kuitan, xjajv bennAj^ct) LotJ^A, j n-ii}trii- 
inbajn, Ittpb ]ie Ioc Ue)]t5t>e]]tc, -j nj l^jm j<e Ioc Rjb, 
Ki-j A tjcjiv llAnme|i, a tX; tjwt) ii] V£.np4ni njoy<v 
Fiio 'DO bju'A^Ajb IlAnmeit y^^ An bAjiAntA a ta aj^c. 
^5A]' yop mefnjm ^u]! Ab ) pjoct An yocAjlj-} Ronaniiy 
t>o ycjtjob CAmbjieny)]' RoAnuy A]]t rcuy, 'j ^uji yAguib 
TAn Voyii5A'6 A5 a Vojt^Ajytj'ojb a yojn ]lJe i'. 

R^iXX 1. 

tio'n ce<^T5Ab*vjl po J^jnneo yojt Cj]i3ir,i ]a]> nr>)ljr'tn. 


/^^X ccA-o 5AbA)l "00 ]i]rm^t; ujJJj^e o'c)y rjljonn, XiO 
jK•)]^ •ojiojn^e "oo iiA yonC(\t5(i)b, AriiAjl h^^-i yAn ruAjn 
t!<i Ab toyAC. " yvKJuy ) yAlrA]}t ChA]y)l" '|C. nj nVyujni 
gonole^Aji fc,AbA3l 00 rAbAj)>r u]it}ie, vo bj»J5 nAC rc^itnu)!:) 
ye cuiiin»i]oe jnnre; A5 yo m^ a 'oeijt An tiiajti : 

^oiiA niAc Bof<v ^o rcr)ll, 

r^oc ro niii]nnr]]t Njn iiijc I'ejl, 
CAnic ] n-G]f>]nn id'a y)y, 
■Su}^ ben yvAj* 3 FD'^i^'J]"' 



St. Patrick's arrival, and was buried near Lough Biv, in 
Ormond, where he says there is a chinrh dedicated to him 
by his own name ; and tiiat his name is to be found among 
the Irish Saints. But it is evident that no antiquary ever 
spoke of, much less committed to wTiting, such a story as 
Hanmer relates ; for there are three persons to be noticed 
here, insveail of one only, namely Fintan, whom Caut- 
brensis calls Roanus, Keelthe Mac llonan, who was baptized 
by St. Patrick, and Ruan, to whom was dedicated Lora, 
in Ormond, near Lough iJeirg-yeirc, not near Lough Riv, 
as Hanmer asserts ; however I shall lose no more time in 
tracing the falsehoods of Hanmer, or the authorities he 
cites. Finally, 1 am of opinion that it was for Ronanus 
that Cambrensis wrote Roanus, \yhich worcl has been re- 
tained without correction by his followers to the present 

C II A P T E R Vf, 

•Section 1. 
0/ the fnt cohmizaiwji of Ireland after the Flood. 

JL H E first peopling of Ireland after the flood, according 
to some antiquaries, as we read in the poem \yhich 
begins thus, " I found in the Psalter of Cashel," I do not 
think wrjjrtb}- the name of a toloni/ation, because no stay 
Ti'as made in the Island ; the passage is as follows : 

Ayna, son of Bih the wise, 
Soldier of Ninus, son of Pt-j, 
Came to Eirin to ex])lore. 
And pulled a tuft in Isle of Woods. 

A hand- 


pO n'olp5^ &*^*)^ '^^ r^ibajjit <^]\\ ei^cc]t<v <vn yj]! j-jn, 
»o ISjtjs iiac reiniAjo j-e cuiiiimjoe jnnce i ujnie \]X\ 
iTiepujm 5U]i 4b j b-^^**J^ Ph*]tfoIojn srx ct-ivo ^ab^jl jj* 
o6)ia t>\\j])joih TD'ejj' r)jljnnc. 

R^NN 2. 

]Jo bj Gjjie, jomojtjjo, ] ii-<v ppc r]ij ctjo blj.^gdjn , 
p'ejj" Tjljiine ^o rr^njc Prt]tfol6n niAc Se]t4, rhjc Spu^ 
mjc eaj-jtu, riijc Fp<vme)nr, m]C F^rAcrt^, riijc ^^^505^ 
^tijc Jvvper, x> d 5Ab(V]l; <\riujl Aj-bciir <vn y)le : 

Cii] cer) bl)45A]n ]<v]i nt)il]nji, 
)]' j-certl pji^c niAjt pjn'iJ'iV 
b<v yAp Cjiie 11] Ic 65, 
No 50 rrvvTijc 1^4;iirol6n. 

^liepijiii Ort j>c]jt fjii, 5U]t <vb D* bljA^Ajn •; pee yul 
jni^A-b '-^b]iAhivm, i*n)c PAjicolon ) n-6j)jjnn, -j -o* jit-j]; 
rjii, ^up ab j vO]]* *n tioiihajn <vn r(vn ranjc PAjtrolor) 
mjle T103 (ceo ') rjjj yjcjo 31' oct mbljA^n* xjcg; ahujI 
a t5e}l* An y)lc ]-An ]>ATin yo : 

V( hocc yf^ccrho^AO cejm ^^An, 
'-J^bjle *] no) cceo bljarAri, 
O })c V(t)A3ib cuanriA ca)p, • 

bo cjn ?(bj>AhAm <} n-ArA}j^. 

^j-oet) nj lu';!-^]]! -^un Ab yjpinn^c ccAt-j-Ao nA c|to3n5e 
* ^^jT* 5'']* *^ } 00301111 PA bi)A5Ajn A3]i iiijlc o't-jy iiA 
P3ljiine t«r3c pAjrtoIdn 50 )ie3it3nn, -] )At) A5 a *t)niA)l 


A handful of its gra^s he carried off, 
And so went hoiiie his tale to tell ; 
Thus this possession perfect and conrtpletei 
Was the shortest ever taken of the isle. 

This messenger is said to have arrived in Ireland about 
one hundred and forty years after the floodj but on ac- 
count of his not having made any stay in the country, I 
think his expedition should not be termed a conquest or 
invasion ; and therefore am of opinion that the invasion of 
Paralon may more properly he reckoned the first after the 

Section 2. 

T/ie Invasion by Paralon. 

Ireland was an uninhabited desert for the space of 300 
.years, until Paralon, son of Shara; son of Sru, son of 
tsru, sbn of Frame nt, son of Fahaght, son of Magog, 
son' of Japhet, cairie to take possession of it ; as the poet 
thus observes : 

After the Flood three hundred years, 
A tale of truth it is I tell, 
All sncred Eirin desert lay, 
Till Paralon's arrival. 

This induces me to believe that it was two and twenty 
years before Abraham was born that Paralon came into 
Ireland, and in the year of the world 197S ; as the poet 
observes in, the following distich : 

Seventy years and eight complete, 
Abbve a thousand and nine hundred, 
From time of Adaui, virtuous, fair, 
Till birth of Abraham our I'ather. 

It is impossible that the opinion of those who say that 
Paralon arrived in Ireland one thousand and two years 
after the deluge can. be correct^ since they allow that lie was 



5up <vb 3 n-Ajm|']]i ?vb]uhATn zaV\]c ) n-Gj)i]rfi; -j ^uji 
Ab o '^(bpAlum <vn r-oc.rmAt> jliin <nfii)n o Shem mac 
Noe, -J Sem pejn d'ivjiijotJi. 0]]t n) copbu)! 50 cca]cj:)'ce 
cu]lle •] mjle bljcv^Ajn ju; V)nn [-err n^luT^-o'cji' na -ojljonn, 
iijme ]-jn m^]"u]ni 511}* <\b ]:jyt]nnj6e an ct-Acpa-o foyanAc 
jii>\ All reAtjjrao t)e)5)onn46, '] t5i f»6))* ]')n ]]• jnih^jT* 
^ujf <vb ] cc]onn -]\) ct^T bljtviAn tj'cjp na tjjljonn riinjc 
l-'iptclon k;o liGjpjIiit. 

)oTTifu]' PhA]i colon f.\n)c ]'e d]- <in n^]tc]5 me6onu)j; 
.1. s^^j^coiijA, *j )p e ]kon ) u-^i ^aF) rjie nni)]i rro)]«}t)An, 
t50 SjyjljA, -jUm f)£)- ]t))' An GAj-pAjn, 50 JtAjn] C)|i)tin ; 
r)0 Bj ye t)A m) 5a le)c aj]* F'^J^o^- B^l* 5*b c\Mn ] 
Ti-)nb]0]i ScejTio, j n-)Ajtf<j '?(,M'iTnAn, an cefjiAniAti U 
"DeAp ) nrtjj' T11A] ; aihajI a oe]|- An yjlc : 

V^n c^fjiAiiiAX) •oes yoii niajftr, 

llo CUjpeTvJ A y.()]l-r)A]J10, 

?y ]n pho)>- n-jAf^Un n^ojini n^le', 
I n-)nnbjo]t ycjAr^Un Scejne. 

^(^ yo An buj-ocn cahjc le PAjirolon ] n-Pjiiinn, .1. a 
Cj^n, D^l^nAjr* a hAjnm, -j a r}>)up niAc .1. Uujjiui'oe, 
Skjh^e, LA)5ljnne, ^ a rr|J]uli ban, / m)\e no yUiA^ 
m^i ion }t]u ; 00 jtcj]v Nennjuy, -j aiiiajI a loi,rA]t 3 SalrA)]t 
Ch<»)r]l. )y e Ajr <j A^r;]^ PA]ifol(')n a]}! rtuy ] n-C))tinn 
.1. ) n-hi]f SA]niei^ Iajii) ]\c b-GjiMic, )p njnic f0])tfe]iJ 
Jnjy SAjnie]* t^j, cojlon con 'co IVj A5 PA]>colon o'a Ti^ojprj 
SA]nie}t, 1 '00 mAjtbAo le PAji'rolmi 3 rjte ca© |>e n-A 
nin,03 .1. Dol5nA3-o, fo jt3no- m35n3oni 3>e n-A ^ioIIa ^€311 
.1. Tof5A A A3nm, *) ati rjKvf t>o co3}»35 PAjtfolon 3 r]u'p 
An nij^niOTh j-3n, nj T-A3tl(;;ciip t?o jVino, Arc a rubA]]it 
v,o TTibAt? co}»A vijtb) )]f nA hA3nl)C3]>te y3n t5;) bi'jt Ajp 
•}^e]n yu\ \\]]\hcr], 1 An ysO]l]'>nn t.i a Pha|»f>)l63n, a yj, 
■c^\\]\ Ab yt-jtiiji mjl 00 boTT 1^3111 )jg nin.o], no It^^tnTiAcc 
litjTn JK- l5;riAl5f, no b].>]r> Iv'vjtji jw yiAl, no yr* )jl Ia)"') )!C 


In the island in the time of Abraham, and that Abraham 
xvas the eighth in direct descent from Shem, son of Noah, 
inclusive. For it is very improbable that in upwards of a 
thousand years after the deluge there should be but seven 
generations, and therefore I think that the first opinion is 
more agreeable to truth than the latter; so that we may weli 
suppose that Paralon reached Ireland about three liundred 
years after the deluge. 

Paralon began ii;s voyage from Migdonia, in the mid- 
^\e of Greece;* and took his vv^y through the Mediterra- 
jiean, steered towards Sicily, and leaving Spain upon the 
Fight, arrived in Ireland ; after being two months and an 
half at sea, he landed at Inver Sceine, in the west of 
Munster, on the fourteenth day of IVIay, as the poet thus 
observes : 

On the fourteenth day, being Tuesday, 
The}' brought their bold ships to anchor, 
In the blue fair port, with beauteous shore, 
Of well defended Inver Sceine. 

The persons that came with Paralon to Ireland, were hif 
Tvife Dalgnatj and his three sons, Rurj', Slany, and Lay- 
linn, with their three wives and a thousand soldiers ; accord- 
ing to Nennius, and as we read in the Psalter of Cashel. 
The place where Paralon fixed his residence was at Inish 
Samer, near Ernp; so called from Samer, the name of a 
dog which belonged to Paralon, who killed it through jea- 
lousy of his wife Dalgnat, who prostituted herself to her 
own servant whose name wasToa; and when Paralon re- 
buked her for this base act, she^ instead of offering any ex- 
cuse, said that ho was more to blame for her improper con- 
duct than she was ; and do yoa inmgine Paralon, added she 
that it is possible to leave honey near a woman, or new 
milk near a child, or victuals irear a hospitable person, or 

'^'^^' ^^ I meat 


CAr, no d]|im no ojjtnejf Up, ^c j-j)]!, no y^]i ] hej) j 
n-u<v]5nef, -] jAn jao oo cumuj-c jte ce]le ? ag p bjtjafyt* 
n* •cuAjne Ajjt an nj-6 j-p : 

>(,ijl U mn^o), l<^mnAcr U mAc, 
^5] t) i(V |:]*J, CA)inA l<v car, 
^Jip <vprj5 a^Ar fsol)^, 
a)n ]ie luon jp j^oBv05aI. 

Ja]* ccloj- <vn yitoAC)}** j-jn ro Pha]»r;olon, too nieAna)5 
<i ^AT>, -] lejp ]']n jiu5 <i))t an Tnefcojn ro Ijj AfnE? 1 
buajijoj- pa Kj j ^ujt m<jV)ai6 lejp j J ') )r c ]*jn cear eats 
t)0 ]<jnjoci ] n-Cjjijnn vc]\- na -ojljonn. Seer mblja^na 
t;ea5 jajt ri5aba3l Cji^jonn co Pha]troIon, puA)!* ah 
ceaiDfeajt t)\v rhujnrjyt bap, .i. FetJA mac Tojtrajn, -] ]p 
UA)t» a 'oej]tr)ojt '4'<ba5 peatsa. 

vfobaji, ]mop]Jo, pa rranjc Pajtrolon j n-Gj^^nn, v]i6 
niAjt rio ifiajtb pe a afajjt •) a riiarajjt, ag jajtjtuit) jtj^e 
t5'a '6p]tlj]t<^tA]}f, go tranjc ^o liCjjijnn a]]t rejrjoo rjtep 
<vn f^']on5a)l pp, ^onat) a))ie pjn ro pu)ji Dja ])la]5 a))t 
<i pijocr, lcj> maj>ba-6noj |njle jte lia)n-tpccrThU]n -cjob 
} TnJijn erajjt. 

v^jpinj© ciijr -00 ria bu^r^iAjlj ^abajl ejlo a]|^ ^jl>)ii 
}to]ni Phajtcolon, .i. ^Aljajl Chjocajl, mjc Njl, riijc F>a]]»l> 
liijc Uarniojji, <i'^<'^Y Lor luajn'in^c a niata]]i, ri cct* 
blja^ain tsojB «]]♦ jAp^ac ^^Ay ajyi <:nlajf, 50 roj^^cr 
Phiijtrulojn ] n-Cjpjn, ^njt prjiar car 'AMui)^e Jor* 
<^ro]i]ia, a)r <j rujr Cjocal, A^ap <} t)]otu)i;o'6 l^oifiapuj^e 
le Pa ]trulon. ^5Ap ]p ] n-inbjojt Doinnan ro ^ab Cpcal 
•J A niujnr^l* cuAn A))t rrecr j nGjjijfi rojb, ]-v. Ionj;a a 
I'on, 'J cco^Ar b<^n, '] c<p5ar p(;^]t Ijon 5ac lojn^e rjob ; 
<,iiiajl A rejjt an y)!c : 

I*'£crTfiAr f,A\5a]l ]M)rup ^aB 
*o)|i]C)]t C))icn na n-ajtr-rria^, 
le Cjoral ccjijoncopac n^an, 
6p pajtcjb lfi]jj]t Uouinafi. 


liieat near a cat, or toah near a carpenter, or a man'/and 
woman in private, without one meddling with the other ? 
AJpon tliis occasion the poet has these lines : 

Great is the temptation if you leave 
Honey with a girl, milk with a child, 
Victuals with tiie generous, meat with a cat, 
Tools with a workman, or man with a woman. 

Paralon hcaririj^ this answer, his jealousy encreased, 
whereupon he ^ched heir favorite dogj dashed it upon the 
ground, and killed it. This was the first instance of jealousy 
in Ireland after the flood. Seventeen years after Paralon 
took possession of Ireland, the first of his followers died, 
whose name was Faya, son of Torton ; from him is called 
Moy Faya, 

The reason why Paralon came to Ireland wis, because he 
slew his father and mother in hopes of obtaining die govern- 
ment from his brother ; after which base murder he fled to 
Ireland, but the Lord sent a plague, which, in the space 
of one week, carried off nine thousand of his posterity at 
the hill of Howth. 

Some authors m ention another colonization of Ireland 
hefote Paralon, namel}-, by Keecol, son of Nil, son of 
Gar\', son of Uamor, whose mother was Lot Luavna, and 
they lived two hundred years by fisliing and fowhng. 
Upon the arrival of Paralon in Ireland a great battle v/as 
fought between them at Woy Ihha, when Keecol fell, and 
the pirates were destroyed by Paralon. The place where 
Keecol landed with his followers was Inver Downan : his 
fleet consisted of six ships, in each of wliich were fifty 
men, and fifty women ; as the poet thus obser\'es : 

The seventh colony that was placed 
In pleasant Eirin, of lofty plains, 
Came with httle short footed Keecol 
To Inver I~)ownan's verdant mead*?. 



F.\ t]tj cetj p^ji Ijon Ah rj-l6)5, 

no 5UJt fCAJIAO }4X5 JAJt rOjTl, 

<»)J» n-(V j-l^^crac jie fCAcrriiojn. 

Sgcc lo6* CO bjiucr ] n-ejjijfi j n-rt]m]')it Phajtroloin^ 
.1. loc '^^I'C ) cCoiiacrujIS, -<j n'ug L^jisnA )to rhujo; 
J ccgii 7:]>) mbljA5,vn -o'eji' iaf* rjo rAbAjjtc oo Ch)oc<»l 
T50 B|n.i<ic loc Con pi tj]!, j m;v5 Cjio *]nm wn itiujje 
t^ 4 cciin^c f) j loo DejCjor ) ccym r><t ljija5*)Ti oetkj 
3A1» ccgct Phijjfcolojn j ii-ejjtjn, bl]v\5(V)n j ti-a r>)A)» 
fjn piia]}^ SU)n5e ah c^-^jiaitiv^o A]!^^^ o'a liiujfirjjf bAj-, 
7 J r'j^*^ SUngA -00 hAi)nA]c^D e. > ccgfi bljA^nA t^a €]]' 
rjn X50 tomAjom loc LAj^ljne ] n-ujb itiac Ua]]- bng5 ; 
Lrt)5ljn rriAc Paj^coIojti ah cuj^^o p^jt r>o iiA huA)j"l)l) 
tAnjc le]]', ■] An -jiac •do bj a yejiT: io'a to^b*)! co Ipg 
«n loc jA f]]i ; jp X5e pjn sojit-^ji loc LAjsljile t>). ) 
ccjon bljA^nA t5* e))' pjn coifiAjcin Ioca heActjiA ]t?j}> 
fi]Ab ^ODUjjtn, 7 fljAb FuAjrj ] n-Oj|t5]Allu]b. Jaj» yjn 
rorfiAj^m Io^a Rugjiujoe, m^ Ap bArAo ^ pejn, j-An 
"BIjA5A)n 6eonA roifjAjtbm Ioca CuAn. Nj puA)]t, jmojjjjo, 
P^f Alon A]]» * cjoTi ) n-e']jt]n oitz v]i] Ioca -) noj n-Ajbnc. 
?^5 fo AnmAfiA ti* cc|t) lo6 a)]! rruj- .i. lot Lujmn)^ j 
TiD^^p'iuniAjn, loc FojpDjtgifiAjn Ag 7:}»Aj5lj aj j-ljAb ^jp 
7 %uifiA)n, -] Fjonloc Cg]iA j n-]ojijfup DoThnAo ) cConn- 
Accu)b ; ATTiAjl A tjejji An pjle : 

'C]\) locA AjrilVle ArhAjp 
^] no] n-A)bne n-joniAjj-, 
loc Fo]|i-6]i^iiiu)n, loc l.u}Tnnj^y 
Fjonloc ]<j n-)nil)b '<>ltpujj'. 

^5 fo nA no) ti-A)bnc, .i, BuAp jt/jjf DhainAjiiijoe a^'aj- 
DHaIjijada, .1. An Ku-a ; BejibA ; Rujifrt(^, .i. Abujnn 
Ljpe ]t)jli iijb Xejll -] LA)5n]b; Uoj ) '^uniajn, z]i{'. 
^huj-cjiAjxje 30 Co])cu)5 5 ^^]SZ^y .SAniAjji, 7 ^uajo 7 



Three hundred men competed his host^ 
From Uamor's land they came ; 
Soon after that the)- left this Hfe, 
In one short u'eck being all cut ofY. 

Seven lakes burst forth ia Ireland in the time of Paralon j 
namely, Loch Mask in Conacht, which overspi'ead the 
jplain of Lergna ; Loch Con, which broke out three years 
after the battle with Keecol, and covered all the plain call- 
ed Moy Cro ; Loch Deichiot, which began to tiow about 
twelve years after Paralon's arrival ; and a year after died 
Slany the fourth conuiiander of his army^ and was buried 
at Sliev Slanga. A year after that was the eruption of 
Loch Laylinny, in the country of Mac Uaish of Bra, Lay- 
linn, was the fifth in command who came over with Paralon, 
and when his grave was digging, the lake sprang fortii^ 
whence it was called Loch Laj-linny ; the next year Ldch 
Eachtra broke out between Sliev Mourn, and Sliev Fuaid, in 
Oriel. After that burst forth the lake of Rury, in which he 
himself was drowned, and in the same year happened the 
eruption of Loch Cuan. Paralon found upon his arrival in 
Irelaud but three lakes and nine rivers: the lakes were Loch 
Luininy in Desmond, Loch Fordravan at Tralee, near 
Sliev Mis in Munster, and Finloch Cara in Irrus Downan 
in Conacht : as the poet thus observes : 

Three extensive wond'rous Lakes, 
With thrice three pleasant rivers. 
Loch Fordravan, Loch Luimny, 
And Finloch on Irrus' bounds. 

The following are the nine rivers, namely the Buasbe- 
'ween Dalnarry and Dalriada or Kuta ; the Barrow; the 
Rurach or Liftey between O'Neil's country and Leinster ; 
the Lee in Munster, running through Muskerry to Cork ,' 
the Sligo, Samer, and Moy in Conacht, in the country of 



tcjp 6oj,A)n ; B<vfiA )r>j]i Lee ^ CjUe ; <vm<vjl 4 ^c]|t «n 

L-:o], Buii]', B^^fm, BenB^t buA]n, 
Ji"(ini.v]|i, JSlj^joC, '•A>or^n, 'A5uv>jt', 

J cc]on ce)f;ftc mblja^an )^ cronirtj'^m "^ujfrolA puajjl 
P<v)ttol6ri hip Ajjt f-£n riivt^ ^Ir* GarA])*, 'j ]f An j-p -oo 
hAt>nAjC£t) e ; )Y ujme SO])jfe]t fgn niag ce tiac pAi-Ar 
co)ll j»)ATTi *)]> ; ]f "jTne soij^f^i* m*^ n-e«lt<» re, ro 
B]t]5 5u]i Ab Ann no tj^t)])- c<^^^U]t 6]]ienn -o'a n^^Jjan- 
^o]iAf>. 1 ccjonn rjtjoc.vt^ bl)A5Ajn )a]j tr^cr PAj^rolojn 
n-Cjjtpn "CO t-A5 j-c. ?( idojiij-o loiton^ 00 fencAtiA)15 
^np Ab "c^v nijle *) fe cro -) octr mbljA^n* y]C)-o <o]f An 
•oomA)n An ran yuAj)! PA|tf:oion bjtj-, B)^£^ Jl't^^ Tiiefujm, 
t)0 jiejp 5AC nejr t)A nvtiBjiAmc} ]iomujfin, ■^n\i Ab fc 
bljA^nA -jcejfjte pjcjt) A]]v iio) ccc-o Aj}t nijle o ruj- t5oniujn 
^o bAp PhAjitolo)n. ^ T)e]pp 6]ton5 ejle ■^\\]i Ab pjce 
bljA^Aj'n 'J CU35 cet» 6 TJai- PliAjtrolojn 50 tAni a nrajfrjiie ; 
SJoeAt) A tA ct.'<l-pyA)Tb cojrconn nA j'CAncAO n-A A5AP 
rjn, 1T1.J A n-Abpu)o nac ]\x\]h Gjjie j n-A pvvj-ac act 
rjilocAt? b!]A5A)n, to Tij o \h\]- niujnr.cjiic Ph^jroiopi 50 
t<icr NejnVjt) ] n-Gjjijnn ; aiiia)! a tc]]\ <\u pjk- pn jtAnj-o ; 

Re t]>)0CAt mbljA^Ajn nil)ccrA, 
bA yA]' y]i] i;)AnA]rjj:ecra, 
]Alt n-e<v5 A fliiA]5 yjj) i-gcrnuijn, 
n-A n^lrujlu a)I» iim=i n-glrujn. 

?( "00])^ CojtmAC nconifA mAc CujlpnnAjn ) SvUtA)]^ 
ChA3f)l 5U)t Ab z\i] CUD bl)A^A}n t>o b) o recc PAjvfolojn 
50 rATh A Tnu}nnrj}»e, 'j rj^ An jrjle Gocajo ua Hojnn 
]e)f An njx) ccconA, m^ a n-AbA]]t : 

C}i) cct) bljA^Ajn, cjA fcif)^, 
6y ■oiijn^' t!]Aifi]u r)UAjp)5, 
r>o"u SAfimj^ 5lc]V»]nn s^opAjs 
f>j' G}]>]nn ^oplJ5 uaj-ajI. 


O'Fiaclira of the North ; the IMourne in Tirone, and the 
Bann between Lee and Ely ; according to the poera Wjhich 
bc<^insthus : Adam parent source of Man," &c. 

Lee, Buas, Bann, rapid Barrow. 
Witli Samer, Sh^ro, Mourn c, Moy, 
Lift'ey wat'ring Leinster's plains, 
These the streams in times of old. 

iVboutfour years after the eruption of jNIurhol, Paralon 
died in the old plains of Moynalta of Howth, and was 
bmied there ; this place is called the old plain, because 
no tree ever grew upon it, and the reason why it was called 
Moynalta, was from the number of fowl that used to flock 
thitherto bask themselves hi the sun. The death of Para- 
lon happened about thirt}' years after his arrival in Ireland^ 
Tliis event took place, as some antiquaries affirm, in the 
year of the world 2628 ; although I am induced to beheve 
from what has been said before, that there were only 1986 
years from the creation of the world to the decease of Para- 
Ion. Others imagine tliat there were five hundred and 
tvyenty jears between the death of Paralon and the dcr 
struction of his people by the plague ; but the general 
opinion of antiquaries is against thein, for they allo\v 
that Ireland lay waste but thirty years from that event 
uv.til the arrival of Nevvy ; as the popt thi;s observes : 

During thirty years entire 
'Twas void of valorous hosts. 
After they died in one week 
In crowds on the plain of birds. 

We are informed by the Cormac Mac Cullenan, in 
the Psalter of Cashel, that it was three hundred years 
from Paralon's arrival till the destruction of Ids people ; 
which is confirmed by the poet Kiohy O'Flinn, who says : 

Three hundred years, well we know. 
These polisii'd prudent heroes. 
Lived in ha})py fertile fields 
Of noble ancient Eirin. 



^^j' ^ac ii)t! -OA nt>ub)t<vm^ nj h)nc)tejvre <vn tjjton^ 4 
t)e)p 50 }»a)15e ru)llet) '] cuj^ cer> blja^Ajn jojp Xi^y Phrtji- 
f<»lo}n, •) r^ih <» inu))iTir)ite ; ') nj h)nrhefr>a 50 mbejc 
Gj^te *]li njrju^AO su)lit?,6 'i cu]5 ceo bljA^A^n, ') ^An 
to txojnjl) ]nnre act cu)^ n)jle ygii, *] ce)r Jte iTijle ben. 

?^5 j-o all ]»o}nn -oo i'*)ng,r^ cejfjie m]c Pa]tfolo)n 
♦}^ Cjjfjnn, .1. Git, 0]»b(V, Fc^ytonn, ') Fej»5na, -j t>o ba'o^j 
c^cji-^A cconianmoniiA <\5 mAC4jb^\>)let) -da cjj- j-p. ^5 
ro cen* An ]to)n ut, ariKV]! a oeijt 6oc<»]r) u<v Flojn Ajlo- 
pUrtm ej]»^n re y]l]P£Cc : 

Cer|»A|^ mAc b* ^rJob'TA B^^lS 
-co ph]i'jom-clo3n 05 P^jicolon, 
^ftbiNVo ]ie cejle ^an clot), 

N'jo]t fo]|»b co'n li]0]^|tU3D * ]tojR, • 
P)r ^JJ*^^ ^"* ii-'OTi-co]ll, 

ejt <v v)"r)'^i^ '^* ]'^^ I'o^? 

6 0)\^c Ne]r, )at; 5411 jrell, 
^o h^r--6l)at La]5^ti Ujn-r^n. 

z,<i^^ "poi,|i4 njoi* r<»]i- <v riieo]]i, 
cujt) Oj^bvv, yAcnjn x3eS-i**->)"o- 
O'n ^^ <v jyuoil* Nc)in]-6 n'lo^* 
50 '^^Q.ibitvij'oe n<v m6]i-c]ijoc, 

cu]"o Fhe4]i6)Ti, yAtJit An yej^An. 

%h(^'6]tu]'ce yAT<v fo)", 

50 bO]l£c Nep £o nr)^s-i^^r> 
cu]^ cdliTiA rojicvn nAC rjm, 

yiiAiit _F^iib"* vci^<*" y<»irn"5- 

1 n-e]|t)ii ye]ii, n) y<vf; yjll, 
l^u^At) nv\ Tltt-]ny]it tui]tb)m, 
"ojt^m I'^oji yA bunArA blAr>, 

yA cxnh c'u]tAtA An c^tY<i- c;e:r.]»:^. 



From what lia^ been said it is evident that they are not 
to be credited who assert, that above 500 years inten'cned 
bc'tweoii the death of Paralon and tlie destruction of his 
people by pestilence ; neither are we to suppose that after 
the country being inhabited above five hundred years, the 
number of people should amoulit to no miore than 5000 
men and 4000 women. 

The following is the division made of Ireland by the 
four sons of Paralon, Er, Orba, Farran, and Fargna; of 
which names there were also four persons among the de- 
scendants of ^Milesius, The division is thus recorded by 
KohyO'Flinn, poctlaureatol' Ireland: 

Four sons intrepid fair 
Of Paralon's noble race 
Without dissent divided 
Eirin's unresisting tribes, 
To these kings no gnin their lot, 
Eirin's isle o'errun with woods, 
In each fort few then their host, 
Each man knew hi^ portion. 
Er the eldest, prosp'rous, brave, 
Long he held his pleasant tract. 
From Oleach Neid, land of peace. 
To Dublin large of Lcinster, 
From Dublin then, great the coast, 
To the Isle of Ne^^'y's giave, - 
Was Orba's share, source of wealth, 
A j oy o us f e r ti 1 e district. 
From the place of Nev\'y's Icath, 
To Mearee of spacious plains. 
Was Farran's share, large the tract, 
Good fortune unobstructed. 
From Mearee, extensive too, 
T' Oleach Neid of customs good, 
Fargna, hero dauntless brave, 
Held the wide expansive lands. 
In Eirin's self, fact not false, 
Were born the knights I noti ;'dj 
A noble race, firm their fan. 3, 
Were these brave and famous roUR, 
VOL. I, K The 


C^Ba, C]teAn, Jomai', eAracljcA!, Cul, Dojt6a, ^ Datti. 
LjA5, Lgsrii^s, )om.tjiie, -j Gjrpj^e, da cejtjte t5A]m t>o 
6j Ajge ; Beojjt Ajnm wn jf]]i 00 ^Uc r>>ojne <v}}t jroi^jce 
no «)jt -iojoedr *)> rriir ) ii-ej)i]n ; Bpeo^* nuc SgnBot* 
CO jijne corripAc <onj:)}t »^))t rcu]' ] n-ejjtjfi ; SAmaljljAi 
r»o ftjne 61 coi>m.t a)|* rcup ] n-ejjtjfi ; Fjoj-, Goluj-, -] 
FodrhAjpc, a cftj t)]icO)fe ; %uca, '^;^]i<vn, •) '^<iu]r\c^^]ot^^Tl 
* tp] zpc]nY]]i ; Bjob*!, 1 Behal a o* cgiiAj^e ; 00 B«o4 
nejc n-jn^pn*, -j •cejc ccl^mnuj^ <»)5e. 

2V se^iccM^ii) c2i^j2)jL. 

Uo'n •co^A ^4l)A)l 100 ]t)ri)o6 jrol* Gjjijfi .1. ^wBajI dlojtie 


ts'ej]' Pii<v]ttolojn 50 ccinjc Nejmjt) mrtc vi5n<vni»v)nj ttijc 
P(*]Tnp, TTijc Crtj-, m]c Seprt, liijc S]iu, rh)c Caj'Jiu, mjc 
F}iA]m]nr, m]c F'vitaficA, ifijc '^O^i^o^, ttijc Upcr, t)'!* hfljr- 
]U5v\n ; 1 )p t)0 6Io)n ^(^Im^o^ 5*0 ^aIja]! ]to ^aB G]]*e, 
«cc CepAjp <vliiAjn, mi '00 ^aB y] Gjjic ; ^ A5 Sjtu riiAc 
Gaj-)iu irc^m" P4|icolon 'j Nejnip ]tc dejie, '/ A5 %|ia 
fCAjiujo y)]i Bljolg -] CuatA tse t)ATiitn, -j mjc "^jlg^t), •) 

)r ScOJ-BcApU •00 Bj A^ ^Ad CjTJJOt) 'DJoB, 6)Jf )]' ^-olliij- 

jjn Ap j-o .r. ATI TATT tflnjc }t nriAc Bjtco^Ajn j n-Gjjtjn, 
Jp r}>e ScojrBcApl* ro TABpAt) jrc-jn -j cua^-a Te oatiaH 
Jie cejle, -j a tsuBpAt?^ 5u]> aB 00 pljocr V^iliA^og txjjB 
l^c A)]i Vet. '^( t)e]}i)D 'oiton^ ejle gujj aB no pljoic 
An TTIJC 00 vaqUjB i-*Aj<tolon tojjt Nejmjot). .t. V^ol*' 
mAc PAjttolojn. 



The names of Paralon's husbandmen were Thnhat, 
Tharva, Threan, Ivus, Eahabeal, Cuil, Dorcha, and Dav. 
Liag, Leagva, Imara, and Eihiee were his four oxen. 
Beor was tlie name of the person ^yho fir-t received people 
at froe entertainment or hospitality in Ireland. Breon-a 
son of Shanvpha first introdudced single combat into Ire- 
land. Samalilia first introduced drinking ale in Ireland. 
Fis, Eolus and Fochmarc were his three Druids. Mucha, 
Meran and Muncnican were his three champions. Bibal 
and Bebal were his tAvo merchants. He had ten daughters 
and ten sons-in-law. 


Of the second taking of Ireland, that of the Sons cf 
Nevvj/, and of their Battles. 


.ilR ELAND was waste it seems, thirty years after the time 

of Paralon, until Ne\-\y son of Agnavan,son of Pamp, ^onof 
Tliath, son of Shara, son of Sru, son of Easrue, son of Fra- 
ment, son of Fahagh, son of Magog, sonof Japhet, cameto 
settle in it; indeed allwho haveinvaded and possessed Ireland 
are of the race of Magog, but Casar alone, if it be true that 
she ever landed here. It is at Sru, sen of Easru, that the ge- 
nerations of Paralon and Nevvy separate j and also it is 
atSharatheBologueSjThuha-Efedannan, and descendants 
of Milesius divide; and all these nations spoke the Scotic 
language. This is evident from this, that when Ih son of 
Breogan came into Ireland, it was through the Scotic 
dialect he and the Thuha-Dedannan communicated, and 
made known to one another that they were each of the 
race of Magog. Some assert that Ne\^y was descended 
fromAyla, the son whom Paralon left behind him in the 



ScjtjA <vii» <vn rf4)]»b6 ecu?]! <v ri 05 r^Co 6"n ^^j^cati 
-} ]]* e apm bO]]*-)ojt r»o'n piUge Ccojl j-jn ^0»iJ]te 6iixjnmii, 
1 Jr ] ]r 'ccopa )rj}t dn ]^r. x^<i\y tu(»]6 'oo'n "vpia, 'j an 
Ig- fo]]i rurtjo oo'n Go]iu]p, -j jj- a)]* <\ti jtojfi rj^j^ruajt) 
•eo'n ^n* * ^*]^ fle)Bre Rjye, t)0 jtejit Pompor^jU)- 'A^elrt, 
) ccomju)]!! n* c;ol niiv)»A ©0 TuvV)-6em^; ^ ad <»)5^'J1"» 
tiuj|-ce}triij5, TiisKijm -ogf 00 j-lejBce Kjye 50 iif^caj'o 
j-An a)5£n buc curtjo, 'j 50 trug l*m clj ]\]\ an Gojtujp 
50 ]ia3njc ) n-Giiijfi, -] ):* h6 Ijon 4 caljlu]5, ') nujiiijji 
<v miijfirjitc, cejrjie longA Xi(i<^^ 31' }"3ce, a^aj- rjtjocaxj 
in']:ujii3n 3]' 5^6 Iu3n5 Tsjob. Nc3m30t) 3mo|ijto, -j ac^")*^ 
mac .1. Sr^n, l^Bain^l p3t), ^O'']^* 1 ^'Sl'S^f '<^J^'^£r5- 

Ce]i\\e lociTiAonunA tio Vjn^ ya GjjijH 3 n-a3mj-j]t 
^^03013^, .J. loc mB]t^nu3n a3jt nii^ n-^i-<v3l 3 n-u3b 
n3allvV3n, loc ^Ouinji^Tn^, 43}^ riu^ Sola 3 La35n3V) ; 3 cc3or» 
X5e3C mb!3*^n<v 3^3* ]tocru3n Cj]>3ori x>o Nc3in)o'6, to 
"■•S^^IB ioc Da3Jtb]i^.c, *] I06 ?^3njn <i,)]\ nia^ mu]» 3 '?(.:)3De, 
6331 <vn ran ©0 claj-ac y^l^r 9(3n]n 3^ an ]-3n t>o 1^15 
loc ?t3n]fi, ya fji^ "] If tio iia locajb ]-3n \\o can an y3lQ 
An jivvfifo ; ' 

Ce3f]ie loca 3:0 Ijn lo]]i. 

t50 X)\\\\tz r^ FbofU no]imoji» ; 
loc l)a3]tT)3i£C, loc mBft£nu3fi mb3fi, 
loc '^Ouinjieani^, loc %]^^]U. 

}\ tufga TO ^a^ b^n Ne3Tn3T 3na ^)n3n mac Nc)mjt> 
3 n-e33i3n, ') ^aca a3nnri na mna, •/ pan r.]a b]3a5a)n 
iDCa^ 3^ tro3^)OCT; tc)3B 3 n-Gjiijn \\'^^\]^ fj ^^X^ 1 ]X ) 
CA^aca ceaT nna3ir) 633^300 3a3t rrccr Ne3ni3r» 3rire, '| ij- 
ua3rc B033tfjo]t ?^]iTm4ca, 0331 3J' an to ]iacna3C30T j. 

Do roc,BaT Ta jijo^jiiaf Ic Ne3ni30T 3 n-Ojiijn .1. 3ia3ic 
CU)nc3c 3 n-U3lj n3allain '] 3ia3r CIj3ombu^3f 3 Se3nine, 
ce3r3te yny- yn\o^^]\o^ '4;>haTa)n ri.uin3t(^nia3]i T'Fii'jr(K.]*^u3b 


Nevv)'^ course, in his voyage to Ireland from Sc} thia^ 
was through tlie Euxino sea, a small sea that comes 
from the ocean, which is the boundary between the 
N. W. part of Asia, and the N. E. part of Kurope ; 
the llhipheau Mountains too, arc on the N. \V. extremity 
of Asia, according to Poinponius Mela, between th*i 
sea just mcniioued, and the Norihern Ocean. He left 
the Ripheau mountains on iijs right till he got into the 
north sea, and F.urope on his left till he reached Ireland.* 
The following was the strt'ugth of his fleet and number of 
his people, namely, thirty-fcjur ships, whh thirty men in 
each. These were commanded by Nevvy and his four 
sons, Starn, larvariel the wise, A inn in, and Fer^-us Red- 

Four lakes sprangforth in f reland in Kevvy's tin)e. These 
areLoohBrenan, on Moyasail, in Hynelan, Loch Munrevar 
overMoysola, in Lcinster. At the end of ten years after 
the arrival of Newy in Ireland sprang forth Loch Darvrv, 
and Loch Aiiuiin, over Moymore in INIeath; for when th^ 
grave of Ainnin was dufi; it was then sprang Loch Ainnin 
over the land ; and it was pf these lalves that the Poet 
jjung the following strain : 

Four lakes of wi(te swelling flood 

Burst o'er Foia truly great ; 

Darvry's Loch, |^oeh Breuan fair. 

Loch Munrevar, and Loch Annin, 

The wife of Nevyy, whose name was Macha, died before 

his son Ainnin in Ireland, in die twelfth year subsequent to 

their arrival here; and she was the hrst why departed 

from this life in Ireland after Xevvy's settlement ; from het 

Ardmagh is named, for it was there she was burietl. 

Nevvy erected two royrd mansions in Ireland ; the fort 

of Kinneh,iu Hy-Nellan, and the fortof Kimbajh in Shev- 

ny. The four sous of Madau Thick-neck, of the Fomo- 

* From this it would appear that they came ove(«!aiul from the Euxinc 
sea *^ the Northern Ocean, and sailed from thence to Ireland by the north* 
ern Passage , 


X)0 t6z^\\)h ]tA]-t cjiicjc ] n-a)n 16, .1. Bog, R0605, RujBne 
*j RcDATi, <v n-ftnm<vrm, -j t)o \hA]\X) Nejifijot) a]]\ majrjn 
^ Tu TfiA]tvAc )<vt5 ] nt>ojpc l.j^e t»' £^U 50 ct:)^]:)^)]- aj]> 
tog*]! n* Jtar<v a ]ij|- 'j '00 armujc <»ri f]n ]ar. 

Ro i-lcAcrAt) c* mu]5 "ocag a cojll le Ncjiiijot) j r\-0]\t]n.j 
<15 fo a p-<vnmAnA ; '-^Ovi^ c^l^a, ^0»^ tis1'*» *^*5 iujlc 
roUt), %a5 lii]|tc; ] cCorii^rru]!). '^s^ij toc(V)]i ) tr)]t 

%45 lu5A]6 ] n-u]Y) rtu)]tr|te, ^tiag T^JT^P ] T;rar)f;4, 
%A5 ]-c)nine ] nOil ii(vi»uj'6o, ^i^^ '^Oujitrejjfine ) mBjig.- 
^u]!), %45 m<vc4 ) n-OjjtgjallujB. 

DoBpjp Nc)m]ot) tjij CAT-* yo]t Fhorhojtpuj'B .1. lojnsr)^ 
ro fljocr Cham, to rjt)*!! 6'n ?(p]t<t]c, -j ranjc *)}* rejtjoo 

50 llOjlcATIUjb ]4^(*)1* 6of»pA, ■) -OO •OCflnATTl ^ABAltU)!" 

t)6]Y) pt-jn, 1 wll^ rejirjop }te j-l)occ Shejin, t)\j^\A 50 
pac*© <»CA o\i]\^, A lop nA mAlkcc* to fA^ujb Noe 4^ 
Catti o tCAn5At5<| f^jn ; pnup gu)! tTi^j-at^ Ci\)C)t ] n-)tnc)An 
HArA jAT pejn to bc)r "injll ) tcejn 6 j-mact fl^crA Sejm. 
Ujnie pjn rAn^AT^ ^o h6j)t]n ^n]y bjijf- NejmjT r]i) car* 
o}i]iA, .1. CAC y-lejBe BIatitia, a^aj* cAt Ru)]- yjtcocAjn j 
cConAcru]}'), m^ ^ rujr BaTi 'j beAfiAn ta tco}j-£c tia fforf)^- 
Ac, -] CAt; '^Cjujibujlb ] nOA]ijijATA .1. AD RucA, Ajr ^ T;u]r, 
SrA]}tn niAc Nejifip le Conujng ttiac F<ol)u]]t j Lejtjot) 
lA6niio]50, TO cii]jt yrfjp oAr CnAUi jiu])- ) LAjgnjB, m^ 
<1 cujp^T Aji ff(^]» n-ej)»)ofi um ^^jtrujt ttiac NejThjo .1. 
niAc |tnj;AT ] n-6jpjn to, -j um lobcan, ttiac ScAjjin, 
m)c NcpijT. 

Da ejc fjn piiA][t NejTTijOT l)Ap to riArfi ] n-o]l^n aj^ta 
Ne}Tfi]OT J ccHjC LjATAjn pAn '^OutiiAjTi, .1. ) n-ojlcAn m6}> 
An r)A}»)ui]i„ •] VA TTijle TO tM3]n]b rriAj^ am }t]j-, pjjt 
yjoji -j liiiM)). 

Do Y)] Tiojup -J Tnc]uiiTc in6|i Ajjt clojn NpjrhjT j 
n-ejjijn 6 Kh()niA]icii]b ) pojajt bAjy Nejrhp, Ag Tjoguilr: 
n* ccAf TO ^ll3p Ne)m}OT opjtA tti^ to ViiA]T^m^ cuaj-. 



iians reared foit Kinncili in one day ; their names were 
Bog", Rovog, Ruvney and Rodan ; and Ne\'vy slew them 
the next morning in Derrylee, lest they would resolve 
on destroying the fort again ; and there he buried them. 

Twelve plains were cleared of wood in Ireland by Nev- 
vy. These are their names : Moykera, Moynera, Moy- 
tultully, Moylurg in Conacht. Moytore in Tyrorfe^ 
Leckuioyin Munsier, Moybressaiu Lcinster; Moylooee in 
Turtry's country ; Moysherry in Taffa ; Moyshevny in 
Dalnarry; Moy Murhevney in Bra; and Moy Macha in 

In these batdes Nevvy subdued the Fomorians. 
These were navigators of the race of Cham, who, sailing 
from Africa, fled to the islands of the west of Europe, to 
avoid the descendants of Shem, and to make a settlement 
for themselves ; fearing these would enclave them, in ven- 
geance for the curse pronounced by Noah against Cham 
their ancestor ; for they thought by maldng a settlement 
remote from them, to be secure from their oppression. 
On this account they came to Ireland and were vanquished 
by Newy in three battles, viz. the battle of Slievbloom, the 
battle of Rossfraehan in Conacht, wherein fell Gonn and 
Gaunan the two leaders of the Fomorians ; and the battle 
of Murvolg in Dalriada or Ruta, where Starn, son of Nevvy, 
fell by Coning, son of Faevar, in Lehitllactmoy, he also 
fought the battle of Cnavross inLeinster, where there was 
slaughter of the Irish, led on by Novvy's own son Arthur 
born to him in Ireland, and by Ivcon, son of Starn, son of 

After this Nevvy died of a plague in the island of Nev- 
vy's grave in Leehan's county in Munster, now called the 
island of Barrymore, and witii him two thousand of his 
people, men and women. 

After Nevvy's death grea^ tyranny and oppression was 
exercised over his followers, in Ireland, by the Fomorians, 
in vengeance of those defeats by Nevvy which u'e liave 
just related. More 


^o}>c }mo]t)^o TTiAc De}le -j Coniijf.j ttiac F;obAj)», 6 

J>(»")B lo)n5)0p, "] jar } n-a ccunimijoe ) rrojt Chonujn^ 
t>a ^.ngojpfe]* CojiJjTi]]-, 05 tAljvtc cjopw na hCjjign a)]i 
dUnujb NejTiijri •/ y* I16 mc-ivo ah cjoj-* |-jn .1. f* rrjijAii 
clojiie •) £r,j -] blf^cTA yep n-C)j^)on r)o T;)ofiUc<vt) roib 
5*£A blja5nA o]6ce hSv\mw(V aj)^ ^^.Aig-cccjriiic jx)]]* 
Dhpobu))p ■] GjpiK*. ] J- 11)1110 50} Jtcjoji ma^-ccejTsne tje, 
♦)j» A thjonc* yA lii'jgjoii ah cajn yjn to •6)ol *}]» an 
riio)^ ccetjn*. Do lij joy 'aoji^pj e)le ^5 F6riun6iijV) ajji 
cUna]b Nejiiijo .i. rjtj Un yliujyte ay 5.^6 vOn rolUc 
) n-Gjiijfi x^'aAccAp, 1 x>o n'ljn c]ni]tnf^cr4, -j o'jm t>o 
r)Ot)Ucat) 50 "^^^ojtc 7 50 Conu)n5 ^o Co]]i]n)y ; -) ban- 
iTMOjt o'a ri^ojjitj L)a5 ^5 r»\ba6 n* eand y)n a]]* yet) 
^)Pjon ; 50I1A-6 r>* D^i^bvi-c ]jti .\ -00)]^ An yjle An jiAfiyo • 

'^n CAjn yjn ]\6 ciimAt) ah, 
rpj IjJvcA, nocA Lui^An ; 
IjAC viAcrAJlt bAjiie blgccA^ 
)y IjAC nijne cliu)r;ii(^ccA. 
An ^Ji£.y y)<vc, Ijfio njojt Von, 
A^Ay ]y\c jnie nA Anion. 

Do 5Ab, 3Ai;uin, y^]»5 •] rojityj tiio)t y)]t ej]i)on t)ie 
ritojmt All c)oyA •] n* caha y)n, -j r^a^iijo t50 CAfugrto' 
]%)Y nA F6nr>o}icii}b. ]S ujnie 00 goj]it") Funiojuij^ fjob 
.1. ■D]ion5 tjo b)ox) n-A lucr> yo^lA A))t mujji jap. count) 
A)pe yjn a oejiif^jt y6ihu}tu)5 }tju .1. yo riiujltjb. Do 
bA©^ ]nio|tito t]\) r><?5 V<o]6 a^ clAfiiVjb Nejm^o An tjtAf 
yjn -1. BootA6, niAc lAitbAjneo)! y^ji, nijc Nejnijt), -, 
Fejtsuy le)toe|t5 niAC Nejrnjt), *] G)»^lAn, niAc Bcoajti, 
liijc 8rAJ]iTij Tii)c Ncjihjc, 50 n-A "da b)iArA]]» .1. '^tiAutv^n 
•} )A)<tAcr, •) yA he A Ijon, rj^jocAc mjle aj]* nm)}» ACAy 
r ji)0CAt) ni}lf A))» rjn ; attiajI * rcjji An yjle yAii ]K\r.nyo 

Z]}] y)^)o nijle, mot) n^e, 
3A]i rrj}> -J jAjt n-ujpce, 
3j^ e IjoTi f-jA^ujt) 6 A rrojj 
ciikfiA Nc)mju t>* to^ojl. 



More son of Dela, and Coning son of Fitvar, from whom 
is named Tor-coning on the northern const of, 
who had a fleet, and resided at Tor-coning, now cidled 
Tory Island, or Inis'htore, exacted the tribute of Ireland 
from the Ncvvians. The amount of tliis tribute wa.-. two 
thirds of the children, and corn, and cattle, to be brought 
to them every yearj on the eve of Sanian, or All-hailows, 
to Moy Kedney, between Droveesh and Erne. This place 
received its name from the frequent usage of palying this 
oppressive tribute' upon the same plain. The Fomorians im- 
posed anodier tyrannical exaction on theNewians; namely, 
three nnieasures of cream, Hour and butter, on every hi- 
bitation, to be conveyed to More and Coning, at Tory 
Island ; and this tax was levied throughout Ireland by a 
female receiver, named Liag 5 in confirmation of which 
the poet has the following verse : 

Tlf oppressive tax thus devis'd 

Three measures not mode ra'e, 

A measure of cream, from richest milk; 

And a measure of iinesc flour. 

The third tribute, most severe, 

A measure of butter mellcw. 

The people of Ireland incensed and afflicted at the griev- 
c/usness of these oppressive taxes, and exaciions, at length 
resolved to oppose the Fomorians in battle. — These people 
were denominated Fomorians, i.e. sea-ro'bte'.* or pirates ; for 
the term signifies powerful at sea; or seafaring men. The 
Nevvians had three able generals at this period; namely, 
Beoha son of larvanel the wise, son oi" Neny ; Fergus 
Hedside son of Ne\Ty ; and Ergl&n son of Beoan, son of 
Starn, son of ?\evvy ; with his two brothers, Mantan and 
larhact; and the number of their forcesvvjstliirty thousand 
at sea, and thirty thousand by land ; as the poet sets iorth 
m this stanza : 

Sixty thousand, bric-ht the force, 
As well on land, as at ea, 
Such the Nevvians' power rnar.a'ci. 
To level low the Tower. 
VOL. I. L The 


Ku co^Iad An zv]\ Ail ]•]!!, I ■oo tu]r. ConupQ ^o h-A 
filojii. )*i ]'jii, ]iiiu]i))o, trt^jc 'A>o}»c niAc Dejle iucc rpj 
jfjCjo 10115 u'n ^^j:]iA]c 50 cojitjiiji-, 50 rcu^At)^ cIaHa 
No)T(u:_6 'j Forho)m]5 cac ah, ^ujj coih-fujr^'o^ ^e ccjle 

l^t AjU J(^C, 'J 5U]^ bATAD 5AC sOll TUJ m^jlJA'O X>]oY) ACC 

'A150JIC 'I be^An da bujcjii to ^aIJ j-clb ati ojl^jn, o)]* 
Tijoji timjlU]^ j'jad ATI j-Ajj^^c A^ c^cc yutA Ic ruj]»e 
AM cAtuj^rc. Joniif riAC re]»no 'do cIahujIj Ne^ni)© an 
Ijon DO bj y-An cAfu^A-o ]-)ti Djob act: luec con bA]]>ce ) n* 
}tA]lj rmo^AD tj»ejnj:e)» m^ ;on i^e t}i]^ ^^OJT^'^ ^^ clAnu]b 
>ie)ihet>, ni^ a ta Sjmeon bjj^c, mi,%c SrAjjin, riijc Nejniot), 
'J lobAAC, niAC Bcorujg, rn^c l^bAjneo]! jtajd, ni)c Nejnij^D, 
1 Bp]ocAn HKoI, iTiAc Fli£{<oUj'A k']tDejj»5, nijc Xejnieo. 

/^ rr£cc u'n cco)nbl)ocr j-jn t>6]\S, )\' ] coiiiai]»1c Aj)t 
^ cjfijot) Ico rjijAll A liGjjtjn a]}» rcjfcr> ]U\^ ah Ai)b]ui)D 
DO bj A5 Fomopcujb ojtj»A, 'j do bAD^j yocr inbljA^nA A5 
A Ti-ollmu^AD jtc hucc nA h£cr]»A ]-jn. Vi^ai- oUrhujjcii^j* 
Lojii^ef l<-]f ^AC t:.x)jj'£C tjjob -j rejtb fujltjon Do'n Djtojn^ 
tAn]c le NejmjoD ) n-Gjii-jil, 'j d'a j-ljocr lejp ^ac }j:^)t 
DJob, 1 fAnujD luce DJob d'a n-t'*]j' j n-Cj^ju, .1. DCjcnob^j 
koc DO i-'A^bAD^ A5 b'*^^)'^ ^U-i^'Mr 'MP **'^ ]'1^''"1 '^^ clAnujb 

Nc]lfl£D DO JTA^bAD*:} JTA ihi.^i'Ajnc nA ffoniApAC flj A 

hA)tju5AD 50 hAjinfjjJ yep inBol^. 

Cf]D ta3)]'ec Do"n rji^uj* fiiA|- vjo }fii)]t)ti li')|-, .1 Sjmeon 
bjiCAc, mAc SrAjjui, injc Ncjiii^^o, dj'ii &ii]te)5 .1. do'ii 
C}»AC)A, -j )|- All i-jn DO bAD-^ yA D\o)]*y), •) ][■ uAjD r»ui5,Ar<^ 
y^l» liliol^, AiiiA)l A DCAfiAin CA ej[' yo. l3e)D An dajia 
cojjy^'.; DJ'>b .). JobAAc niAc Beociij^, ) ccjtjocujb tuAjy- 
C(i\^z nA ijOonpA. V( DCjjtjD nltong jio ]-(^iicuy 511}* Ab 50 

fleOTjA DO CUrtJT) •] ]j- UA)D DO yjuJAt) CUArA DO DAnAfl. 

Ci'jo An cji^y ^**Jjr'i.'^ •!• B]>)orAn in.ol ni.\c FcjtciiyA Ic-jr- 

1 nrj 

The Tower was then demolished hy them, and Coning 
fell, tor^cthcr witli his people. After this, however, More 
son of Del.'), cunie with a forre of thirty ships from Afiica 
to Tory Inland ; and here again the Ne\"Mans and E'omorians 
engaged in battle, the issne of which was that th.ey fell by sliiughtcr ; and s'i<:h of them as were not killed, 
were drowned, except More and a few of his followers who 
took possession of the; Island ; for, from the obstinacy of 
the fight, tlie}- perceived not the tide coming nnder them; 
and of all the Nevvians who were in this 'conflict, none 
escaped except the crew of one havk, amonnting to thirty 
stout men, with three Nevwian chiefs; namely Simeon Brae, 
son of Starn, son of Ne^'A•y ; Ibaah, son of Iai*vanel the 
wise, son of Nex'Ny, andBritan Mael, son of Fergus Redside, 
son of Nevvy. 

On escaping fiom this conflict, they formed a resolution 
to leave Ireland, to avoid die insupportable tyranny undet 
which they groaned with the Fomoriaas, and took sevjsn 
yea;;s to prepare for this emigration ; each chieftain fitted 
out a fleet, and was accompanied by some of those who 
formerly came with Nevvy, and some of iiis own descendants; 
and others remained after them ; namely, ton leaders whom 
they left to exercise sovereignty over the rest of the 
Newians, so left under the thraldom of the Fomorians ; and 
who continued to inhabit Ireland to the time of Bcilogues. 

Oueof the three chiefs f\bove named, Simeon Brae, son 
of Starn, son of Nevvy, went to that part of Greece called 
Thrace,* withhisforce, and there they were under oppres- 
sion also; and from him the Firl)olgs derive their origin, as 
we will mention hereafter. The second chieftain of these, 
Ibaah, sou of Beoha, went to the regioi>sof the North of 
Kuroj)e; some of our historians assert, that it was to Ba-o- 
tia he resorted, and iVom him descended die 'I'lmha 
Deidanan. The third chieftain, Britan 'Mx\, son of Fergus 


* Many,ancient Gcograpliers considered Thrace a part of Grcf cc. 

• "pcji^b, nijc Ne]metN, 50 ffu)]t)ri lc)i" -50 DoB^ -j c;o bLpolS^ 

If 6 Ijon (\n Citl)hi)5 ro Bd'o^ na tvOjpj^ ]te<\ifii'»i\jtotc j-jn 
•clAjfie Nejiiieo ^.^)^t ^^^^ e^cz\^^ pn joji^ Vup^ 1 B^ j 
cu]uc<vn 'jn;oin6j5 .1. r)»)OC<v"D <»)]♦ c^ti Aj]t rfijle eaf^, •) 
po 15) B)tjor,>n Tn.ol ■) a ro}»5 ) n-a t)}<i)r, A5 rtjtju^atj 
rua]]-cj]^-T- ^Iban 1114 * t»ul3]tAm<j jtorimjfi, go no^CAT^ 
Cpaj'-M] .1. Pjcri A hejji)n xs'rtjrju^At) ^Ib<in 3 n-A)mp]]t 
^jjjjniojn, T A 'pe)]! Co]»tti(»c TivOrhrA m<ic Cujljonnujrj 
) ii-A Shftk*)!* 5U]i <vb 6 Bbjijoran nisol ^Ajjtmre^ B}t)r4nj<i 
t)on o}le<vn r>'A ^1bOJl1r«;]^ <m Bbiterajn ifiofj } n-jurii, -j * 
ZA ]-encuf Cj]i)ofi a^ re6r Icj)' <x)]\ <xn njr) cct'onA, <vm*]I 
<v re])» All ■ourtjn X)Ajtb ab "Oj-ac, " ^OAifi ArAjjt |'Jtut; 
^ rluAjS, jc". 

iriAC yjAl FciikUi'A Ic'jrrc)]!^, 
Iil»ofnx\}^ U)le, buAp £o mblojp, 

^]& Tl^^ ^1^^ "^^1' ^" ^^^ ccetsTU m^ 4 n-<vbu]}t, 
B}^)OrAn TTiiol rriAC riA pK\rv\, 

•|'<co]> An ]-l]Ocr-]iAni ^a]^ ]^|^eAf;A ; 
inAC An leif.-'De}]tj5 t3o'n le^-mu)^., 
6 rrAjtj B]ig.rnu)5 An bg.rA. 

If coini^'oe A ifi£|- f}n t>o bqc yjltjnec, vac ]r\mQ\-xi( 
•^u]t a1) a Bhpuruf SAjjtinfoit '], 6]]t tJA mbAr uAjt> )f 
cofriui)! j,n]i Ab BpurAnjA tjo goji^fpe ipj, -j yop jj- niQ 
po mucA-b A bAjnm le clojn Blijturuj', t)0 jte3|i'"?\^onomo7 
renj'ji', ni^j £o rcuj Lve^juir mAc Bhj|ucup;j V<«51*)<^ 
•o'Ajnm A)]t An ni))! JtAjnj^ 6 ye'jn t)o'n Bb]i£rA)Ti nid)}i, 
•) CAmbe]v An •oAjtA niAc rug CAmbpjA ti'Ajnm ajji An m)\\ 
|iA)n]5 e yrjn. ^IbanAC-iif ah rpey roAC cu^ ^IbAnjii, 
t3'A)nm A)]t An nijjt ItAjn)^ c f e]n ; ^bAj* An r-j^rii^ to 
cUfiujB Ne]ib<^t) fn]]*)^ Ag Ajr)U5At) ejjijon r>\')]' nA 
rrajifor- f]n, t)0 Bau^j a^ a ccom-nibuA)r)H^r> a^ F6ino)tu}l) 
6 Ajni]-jjt S" 'i^^j^TJl^j E*^ JiorrAjn •00 fijocc Sli]nn'o]n 



Hedside^ son of l^ev^■y, went with his force to Dover, an4 
Jardovar, in the North of Scotland, and dwelt there, as did 
^ts posterity. The naval force of these Nev\ian chiefs, on 
^his expedition, both in ships, barks, boats, and barges, wa? 
one tliousand one hundred and thirty vessels; and Britan 
jMal settled as we said, in the \orthof Scotland, and his pos- 
terity continued to iiihal)it diere, until the Crujhni or Picts 
jventfrom Ireland to take possession of thatcountrv, in the 
time of Erevon : Nay, holy Connac iNIac Cullenan asserts 
in his Psalter, that it is froni i\m Britan :^Iiel, the Island 
of Great Britain takes the name which it bears to this day; 
and in this the ancient records of Ireland a^-ree with him, 
according to the poem which begins, « Adam parent source 
pf njan," ^&.c. dius : 

Britan unsullied pass'd o'er sea, 
Gen'rous son of Fergus Redside, 
All the Britons, a lasting fame, 
From him in truth are sprung. 

Another ancient poet confirms the same fact where he says, 
Britan MctI of ptincely birth, 
Ot nol)le lineage surely sprnno-; 
Son of the Re^side from teciijoy, 
From whom all Britons are deriA'd. 
The truth, of this is the more probable, as it is nqt to be 
i^upposed that Britain is named from Brutus ; for if it were 
it would then, in all likelihood, be called Brutania; and 
moreover her name was rather obscured by the sons of 
Brutus, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth. For accord- 
ing to him La^grus, son qf Brutus, named that part of 
Great Britain, nhich fell to his lot, La^gria, and the second 
son. Camber, denomiuatcd his own division Cambria; 
while Albatiactus, the tlnrd ;son, called his share Albania' 
As to the remnant of the Nevvians thatremained inhabitintr 
Ireland after the chieftains already mentioned, they were 
sorely oppressed % the Fo:noriaus, from time to time, until 


Sec- mbljAgn* tieag jp tort-ceAr", 
j>e A n <v)]ieiTi n'] li]om^b}te4^, 
o r,in)c Nejriigt) <v n-ojjt, 
raft mn])» ^o n-* Th6}^ iiiaco]!:;, 

♦ ]' an nbjiejji n-uv\rrfi^ n-vvr^AjpR 

2l/v^ C-0CCt)2lx> C2[bmL, 

/^^ )R Tnbc)c t.0 flpO.T, Sli^meoin 6iie)c j-Afi nbjtejg 
J. *n rj»ftC)4, <VTTI4]1 <v "oul5]i<im(»]t, po yrtp^-o^ ^o Jjonm^ 
All Inct T?o B) Ann 'ojoB, 'j cu]]i)'o ^}te5ii}r) nocjiaj-p) '] 
'ox>]p]'-) xh6]\ o\\]\,\, ma]lle ]ie Bejf 45 rocii]lr nA rAiriian 
*j 43 co^lJAjl ujjte, •/ 45 4 h)omt;up j mboljAjB no j 
pcujlj le-^4)]t ]»e 4'cn]i 4)]i '''poSAjB (Moc 50 bejr j n-4 
hujp jnrojtruj'o t)]- Do ^aB, rjtej- 4n mljpop |-)n, hjton 
1 ro]]ip] '] mjoj-rui* jtc 'Bpt'A^iijB jvixii, -j iejr j-jn t>o jijn^r^ 
fo coni4]]tle <;n "oocpujrc' pjn ©'yagBA)!, -] to ^4B4'o.| 
^-U)5 mjle !o ^o)le tJjoB, -) "00' ^nj-o l)<)r4 tso n4 bol5ujB 
no rto na r)Acii)B lof4)|t jrc mbjr)]i' 45 r4j»p4)n5 ^"^ ''^']^<^'> 
no )f )4r» lon^A jtj^ Bpeaj '00 ^4t>A6 leo, 4in4]l 4 Dcjp cjn 
t.^)tom4 ]-noor4. r4n54'P4jt 4 )i)|' ) n-0])t]nn 411 pljocr ]'0 
Shjrneon Bhpjc, ) cc)()iin y6 Tril)l]454in nped^ 4]^ '64 ci'o 
o'l'jp Nejnjptv -co ^aB^vjI Gipjonn. 


the return of die descendants of Simeon Brae, son of Stal-fi, 
son of Newv, from Greece. A period of 2 1 7 years elapsed 
from the coming of NeVvy into Ireland^ till the arrival of 
the Bolognes, as the post says : 

Two hundred years and seventeen^ 

Are truly to he counted, 

Since Newv from cast arriv'd, 

O'er sea with his sons of might. 

Till sons of Starn also came, 

From bleak and dreaiy heights of Greece.^ 

CHAP T E R Vllt 

Of the cojiquest of the Bologues. 

\l^ IIILE the followers of Simeon Brae remained, as 
we mentioned, in that part of Greece called Thrace, the 
population grew very numerous ; and the Greeks subjected 
them, to great hardship and slaver}^, obliging them to dig 
the eartii, and raise mould, and carry it in sacks, or baf^s 
of leather and place it upon rocks, in order to form a 
iruitfui soil. In consequence of this senitude, a gloomy 
sadness and grief, and a rooted aversion to Greeks took 
possession of them ; whereupon they came to a resolution 

otshakingoffthcyoke, and live thousandof them assembled, 
and made boats out of the leathern bags, or wallets, in 
tvhich they used to cany eaitli ; but according to the book 
of Drumsneachta, they seized ujjon the fleet of the king 
of Greece. These descendaiUs of Simeon Brae, returned 
to Ireland about two hundred and Mxteeu years after the 
invasion of the Island by Nevvy. 


*" \. c. Thrade, a rJigged conntry. 

%z, YO riA ruD]]-)5 co bj o]^p^ a^ ri;ir ] n-Gjjfjnn r>6]B, 

mjc Oj^id ni)c Lojc, rfijc T^cra, liijc u)i)l)UiV]t>, mjc Oto]}>b.. 
Th)c BojjT^np, m)c Ojpf^^cra, ihjc Sjnieojn, riijc ^O'ol^^j"' 
Tnjc BeoAjn, ttijc StAjjin, liijc Xe)ihcr». 

'j LjobjtA A n-anniAiirtA ; Aiii.Vjl a ■oe)]i An ]p)le : 

P\iA-o b^n ShlA]n$e nj CAtn Ijb, 
Gtoa)]» ben "oo BhAnn 50 tiqOjI. 
^nufr ben hSi^n^Ajn ha fl^^, 
Cnu^A ba bgn 'Shcnujn ^Icjjn, 
L)ob}iA b(^n llu5itu]"6e An ]\o]u. 'f. 

tlojnjn An coj^e]^ ^-"Jf^^- 1']" I-'^l^ mBol^ Gjyte j ccoj^ 
itAfujb ^ro]*itA, tvifi4]l A t)ab}tAm^ jiouiAjn, aJ UbVjlJi: 
Ajjt An rriK^y jjojil ca no^j^nAo a]JI Gjpjfi ; A5 j-om^ a oejji 
«n fjle : 

Co]5^r^)]']i; ) truy An rj-biA)^, 
jtAnj-At) ) ccu)5 I3vMTbA mbuA}n, 
^enA^l, Ru^ytujtse, jicjm n^!e, 
Bam, S^n^Afi, a^at SIaiti^c, 

)p t)o'n coj^e^ niAc yo DcU 50 n-A ffujjfjn &o)]+fig]f f]|t 
Bholg, f)]i DoriinAjn, -j SA^lcojn ;, y)1* Bhol5, jmopjio, 6 
TiA bol5ii)b V^fftjn CO bjo6 aca pan n'Sjtej^, f;o)]>f5]> y\-o. 
F]]\ DomnAjn 6 nA 'oo)bn<; 00 T:o61a]-ojp ) n-ujjv ]ie n-A 
h)omc<j ts'jrg^iujb B0I5 ^uj- ha l^CA]bi A)}t a ccu*}it))'i' j. 
"SAjleojn c^nA 6 nA ^itjb 00 bAjnmnj^c'o )^^o ; tK l^jtj^ 
^ujt <vb )At> r)0 Bjot) A n-^m aj coinArii cajc An tA'n t)0 
Bjrjp A^ t>eAnATh a ff'^om* y^jn. Cujg,' a Vej^^ojn, ^n]t Ab 
a)n ^AbAjl "00 ]^]1^c An coj^eji niAC p]n OeU, j gujv <vb 
7 n-jjn rpecritiii]n AniAjn^ ] n-Cj|t]n, in<| a ca 
.SlA]nv,e rjA ]-ArA))tri ] ri-pb^p Sicjnje ; bAn 'j Si^n^AFi 
An inA)]»r x>a cjp pjn ] n-loiquip Domnujfi ; B^nAiT -j 
Ru51tu3r'C oja bvOjnc ] n-A t>]A]t) p]n ) rr]ic\6t: Ru^ihijt-c.. 
?^j)i Th'ii]rir)]> .ShlA]n5e ho•j]^ty>]^ T?*|loojn; aj); in'qrirjn 


They had five commatiders in their vo3'age to Ireland, 
Slan\-, Rurv, Gonn, Gannan, and Shangonn, or Shannon, 
the live sons of Dala, son of Low, son of Tea^ht, son of 
Trivua, son of Otorb, son of Gosten, son of Orheaght, 
son of Simon, son of Arglan, sonofBeoan, son of Starn, 
son of New}'. 

These had with them their five wives, Fuad, Edar, Anust, 
Cnuoha, and Livra ; as the poet thus informs us : 

Fnad was wife of Slany, •'tis fact, 
Edar wife of valorous Gonn, 
Annsi! wife of Shangonn of Spears, 
Chucha wife of noble Gannon. 
And Livra was the wife of Kury, &c. 

'These five leaders of the Bologues divided Ireland be- 
tween thcin into five parts, as we obsen^ed before when 
speaking of the third division made of Ireland ; the poet 
also thus obs^vpi; : 

Five chiefs in front of the host^ 
Old Banba in five divide, 
Gannan, Rury, gen'rous so;il, 
With Slau}', Gonn, and Shangonn. 

These five sons of Dala, with their followers, were called 
Bologues, or men of Bolg, Fir Downan, or men of Oman, 
and men of Galian ; they are stiled Bologues, from the 
boigs, or leathern bags they made use of in Greece ; Fir 
Downan, from th ; pits they used to dig, in order to obtain 
mould for the Bologues, to be placed on the rocks. The 
men '^f Galian were so called tVom the ^a.", or spears which 
they used as weapons of defence, to protect the rest when 
at work. The reader is to observe, that this conquest by the 
five sons of Dala, is reckoned but one conquest, for they 
a,ll arrived here within one week ; Slany landed at Invcr 
Slany on Saturday; Gonn and Shangonn the Tuesday fol- 
lowing at Irrus Downan ; Gannan and Rury the Friday after 
at Tracht Rury. The followers of Slany wer.3 calk-d men 
of Galian ; the followers of Gonn and Shangonn were 

VOL. I. M . nameu 


'( Shpn^vVjn •oo bc]Hro]t y)]t Bholz;, A)|t nni]nr)]t Bbenup 
-) 'Ru^jiujtje rio be]|ifcv\]i y)n Oomnon ; ') <\ x:c]J1]-d cu]o 
ro iiA fencAoujb ^iijt ab a^ ]nb)0]4 Domnrtfi, j ii-jsj r:u<v)r> 
)te coj^^-o Chonacr, ran^at)^ an rjaf jpo ] rrj]^ 50 rr]i](\n 
<vn T]-ku\j5, 'I 5u}i <vb iiara b'^JlHTirejt 3nbe}t Doiimdnn 
t»o'n rt]r ]-]n, bJ'C'a^ 50)l»^£n Pll^ ^bolg ^o cojrcjonn 
t>on co)5g]i m<vc po UeK\ ^o n-A i'Iua^ u)le. Se bljA^na 
r>eA5 A]i> i'jcjr j:Ar> yUjf-^rA yo}t mBol^ a)]i Cjytjfi, ^ ^^]o]v 
5>\b nee t'a n^ojii]: jt»p p] G^ftjonn ait )n]j- }i6ir.pA, roriAo 
ii)me fjn a ■oej)* yjle t')5]n ah jUMin j-o ; 

8e bl]Ai,iiA "ouAj ]]• TA r>e]c, 

y]]t Bbolg o]- BAnbA T^ojn-Vejf, 
^o ro-)re^r riiuAt; t5e t>o'n t)]te3n)j, 
5U}^ ^Abj-At? \i)le Gjjicjnn. 

Po iiA cc'30 j>jO^,n]b TO j,Ab C])te aFi yo y](ii'- 


'() ^Ab SlAjn^o, niAc DcIa, liijc Lojc, ylAjrep C)i>]oii 
l)l]A5ii)ii, '] y-A be ti.')r»-jij5 Cj)i]«)n e, j yuA))* biiy 3 nOjn- 
]\]i., .1. 3 nnniiA Sidjnc.c. 

Do 5a1j l\iii,ituit5C, niAc UoIa, ]*305Act 631130^ rA bljA- 
5A]n, ■^u]\ ru)- yAii bju'iz; 6y 6031111. 

Do ^Ab bAu 1 FonAU |ijO~f;Acc C3ii3on 003^110 bl3A5nA, 
z,\\]\ eA5Ar<) ro fAiii 3 H" iionugn ^A^hjre. 

"Oo ^Ab SeAii^AU pjo^Ai^c Cjjtjon tu35 ul3A5nA, 511 jt 
ru]~ Ic F]ACAr> ccjnnyjohAn. 

Do ^Ab K3ACAt) ce3ny)omn, mAc StA33ni, 111130 IUr5itu)t»e, 
iM)c DoIa, it'in^Act C]i»)()ri cii)5bl)AJ;nA ^ii}* ni)r lo HjohaII, 
TTiAC »^mi]Ti iii)t: DcIa ; ] (jfiyjonA ro bj a]]^ ycitu)!) Ci]i)on 
jui ii-A Vjn, ^onAr u3nK' y3n rii^Ar p3>\(A'6(3ny]or)An Ajp. 


named Rologiics, and those of Gannati arid Rury went 
by the name of Fir Downan, (or men of Oman ;) and some 
antiquaries assert that these two princes, wiili tlieir third 
of the army, landed in Irrus Downan, and that that place 
has its name from them, yet these five sons of Dala, with 
their whole arm}', were known by the general name of Bo- 
logues.v Thirty-six years the Bologues held the sovereignty 
of Ireland, and before thenl no one possessed the Island 
who could properly be called king of Ireland, as a cer- 
tain poet observes in the following stanza : 

Twice ten years o'er ten and six-, 
In Banba reignVl the Bologues, 
Till the Dedanites arriv'd, 
And seiii'd upon all Eirin. 

J©609C=— — 


A)i account of the first kiiigs of Irdand. 


LANY, son of Dala, son of Low, was the first monarch 
of Ireland, he reigned one year, and died at Deenreej 
otherwise called Dilva Slany, 

Rurj', son of Dala, reigned two years, and was killed 
at Bru, on the Boyne. 

Gonn, and Gannan reigned four years, and died of tlie 
plague at Frawin, in Meath. 

Shangonii ruled five years, and was slaini by Fiacha 

Fiacha Whitehead, son of Starn, son of Rmy, son of 
Dala, held tlie sovereignty of Ireland five years, and was 
killed by Rinnal, son of Gannan, son of Dala ; in his time 
the Irish were remarkable for their white hair, on which 
account he obtained the name of Fiacha V/iiitehead. 

It i final, 


Do $>\B Rjonnall, m^c Benujnn, jijogAcc ej)»)on f6 
mbljatna, ^u]i iu]z le hOjti^i^n j ccAt GpiOjBe. 

Do 5<vB OjBj^n, TTiAc SeTi5ii]nn, ni)c DgU, jijo^ivct; 
CjjJjomi dejrjte bl]A5n<v, ^iijt rujr le liGocrt-o m<vc Gjjtc 

Do ^Ab GocAt), mAC G)}u;, liijc Rjontiu)!!, nijc Bgnujnn, 
]>j05<icr 6j](pnT> rejc iTibl)A5na ; -] nj j>A)15 pej^f ujnn )n* 
rsojnjonn }»e ti-a Vjnn, j yoj- n') fh^jb con BIja^ajp ^aii 
Ttigj- ^an rojtA-o ) n-A )"»t', ■] }]• j n-A A)!!!}-]]! -oo cujjtgo 
t'5c6j]» 1 fljnt3Jj5e a]]^ cciii j n-Gjjijnn -j ■oo hojtr)U)^ga 
Tolj^te T^]kbfA rg]i)-cnu]fe A])t rT;u]' ; -] 'oo ru)t: j-e le 
tjij mAcujb Ncjihjo, ni]c Bao]IsO), ) ccAr; riuij^e Lu]]i^i>, 
CgfAjjb, LuATii, ^ LuAcjia A n-ATiTTiAnnA ; ^ ■)]- 6 ja p] 
*]t^ p^ftujlS Bolj jie rgco Cluur t^^ nAnann go hGjjfjnn, 
1 ]f ] yA ben "CO CajUcc p^gn 'v^(,iliA5iT)6j]>, p-j^ CAy- 
pA]ne, •] ]i' (^ jonAO <i h«"6h<vjc£r) ] frCAjlirjn, gonAt) u«]f:e 
50]|iteA]» c.i]llr)n t)o'n Ajr }-ji1. Nuata Aip^jorlam, mAC 
CAdru]5, pA }t] An rjiSr {-jn a]1» tlliiiACAjb loe tiAnAnn. 
Ij pA-oA t30 Pj cttc rhuj^e Ca)ii§,r) Ag a cii)t joj]* NuaioAjn 
A)jt5)or>lArfi, T 6ocAo mAc G]}ic yA }t) -D'yejuijl) B0J5, 
"} r)0 bjtjf^t) t^o Goc<i6 •] 'o'yp}^ujl3 Bolp, -j t)0 ni^bAd 
t>e)6 mjle tsjoB 6 ttiaj^ Cujjir^o 50 rpAjg Gofujle ^ rx'S 
bi^nAt) A Vattj "00 NuAt)Ajt> AjjigjonlAni yAn cat; yjn, jonnuy 
50 }^A]be OA le)5oy ye^r mbljA^nA, -] gujt cu]]ter) lAni 
^^n^oP *]1^' S^TiAO njmc yjn ro be]|tfeit NiiArA ajji^jooIaui 
<\jH. ^(.'SAy An b^vAn tj'yojiujb B0I5 160 fe]ino 6'n cc*€ 
y]n X)o cuATv^ Ajyi tejfjo ]ie cuArujb t'^c 'b'Anvinn gujt 
liAjrjg^t) leo V^jiujnn -j Jle -j RAclujnh ^ jiiyj BaH ^j joniAt? 
c]!6)n Ajjt c(5t)riA, -j •00 ^orhnAyAt)' jcihn'cA 50 hAjTnyjit n* 
cco)g^t)AC 00 hc]t ] bylAjf^y Gj}»jonn, gup -rjl)]]»yjAt5 nA 
C]^u)ni]c; .1. nA Pjcrj Ay nA hojlcAnA)^j )Ab, 50 rtAn^Ar^j 
x,'f]oy CliA]jtl)]ic njAoysl^ .1. Y)t l''^)5^"> 5^ ff"^)K^1 
yej^Atin a])i g^AUAlruf ua)6. Bjr>e~p "oo bj to rjJOjme Ah 
Cjoyi t)0 L) o]i]t* n^ y(-AX)At)«j a pulAnj -^ tc,)t> yJAo Ay 


Rinnal, son of Gnunan, governed Ireland six years, and 
fell by the hand of Ov\ en, at die battle of Creev. 

Ovyen, son of Shangonn, son of Dala, reigned four 
years, and was killed by Eohy, son of Earc, at the plain 
of Murhevny. 

Eohy, son of Earc, son of Rinnal, son of Gannan, reigned 
ten years ; daring his time there was no rainy or bad 
weather, and every year was blessed with fruitful har- 
vests.; in his time too, all unjust and illegal oppression was 
done away in Ireland, and fixed and invarialjle laws first 
promulgated. He fell at length, at the battle of Moy Tuiry, 
by Casarb, Luani, and Luachra, the three sons of New}-, 
son of Bavu'ee.* He was kinfj of the Bolooiies, when the 
Thuha Dedannan arnv<id in Ireland, aixl his wife was Take, 
daughter of jMavore king rif Spain ; ,she was buried at a 
place from her called Tallin. Nooasiiver-hanJed, son of 
Ecty, was king of the Thuha Dedannan at that time. There 
was a desperate contest at Moy Tuiry, between this prince 
aiid Eohy, son of Earc, king of the Bologues, in which 
Eohy, and the Bologues were routed, and ten thousand^ 
of them slain between Moy Tuiry, and Youghal ; in this 
action Nooa sifver-liandcd lost his hand, and the wound was 
seven years under cure, when he was obliged to get a siher 
hand, from whence be obtained the epithetof silver-handed. 
The i'ew Bologues who escaped this battle, fled before the 
Thuha Dedannan, and took up their abode in Arran, Isla, 
Rachlin, the Hebrides, and many other islands. In diese 
they dwelt until the eslabhshmentof the pentarchial sove- 
reignty in Ireland, when they were driven out of thelsle«j 
by the Gruihni, or Picts, They then resorted to Carbry 
the Heroic,!: king of Leinster, from whom they obtained 
tiibutary possessions. Tlu^y found, however, the wei^-hj 
^>f the imposts so intolerable, tliut thev applied to Me} v, 

* Badhraoi, i. e. Druid of Radii, god of the w/iid. 
"f Others say an hundred thousund. 
t C'.vbry Xevanar, Ncsa-ar or Nccn.'jr, . 


i>6]\i, ^oriAt) } pii ]Tnj]ice ttioc n-\lArMii6]jt ; ^ion^up 
jmo)ijto m^c. "llaoiiiojjj \\\ ]i]i, o]i]ivV toj|» ; •) ]j- u<vf a 
ajnmnjgfeit na fepojnn ro ^aVjaOvJ, m^^ <\ tvv loc Cjmo, 
6 Chjme cejrjjtcenn, -] njnn rAiiuijii 3 '^'Oerjnijje, -| loc 
C<vf|t4, |t]nn mB(^]ta, 'Aiojljim, tjiln ^^on^uin^, } n-'^<jtu]n, 
1 cAim Coniijll, ] ccn'jc ^)t>ne, '?<bv\5 n-'?f^,\)]t rfijc lU-o- 
mo]jt <vn pjle, '| mv\5 Tiapjl, ^.vr, '?0.o]n iti]C llA'oniojp, 
loc lU]]t, 6 II4 T11AC U.\r>nio]|i, ■) •od ^aBa-o "ountii ^ ]nf] 
mA)u leo ) n-ejpjiui AiiiU\]-6 fjn ^iqi 'cjb]n^'n le ConccuUjn 
*j le C6n*ll Ce]tnAC, '| le liUllrAcujlj <(]]i cet>n<v 3A-0. Nj 
hrt]jtTfiJ5fpfi jtiirA ro t65V)a]l, ]\^^ Ioca too romAj-onT; 311* 
mii35e -oo Buajh a co)ll 3 ti^aIja)! \o]i mBolr. ^ ve)]iiT> 
rlions ]ie i-en^uj- ^uji a1) T)'ye]tA3l5 B0I5 ha r]»3 0311^6 
<^ ^A 3 n-e)}f3nr\ tiAC t)0 Bhco3r5C 111313, ms| a -^3-0 i^AT)>u3'6c 
ShucA 3 cCunnActA]^; 113 rhA3]»f35 3 ccpjc 6 ffa3lw;e ; •) 
bA3l3U3n LA35en ; 31' 3Ar) jmtecrA yf^ji mBol^ 50 f03ce 
]'o, 00 ]ie]\i An rSeTichA3r) .1. CAnu3t)e 60(1135 U3 '^lu)3l- 
coTiA3pej ]'An ttUA3n x>A\i a1) roj-AC An J*;^■nn yo ylof : 

F3y^-Bol5 BA04 fonn ]te j-^1 
I n-3n3]' ni63]i niAC '^(.^jleo, 
C035 ta))p^ rAn5A^Al^ Aim, 
A tvi l3oni YV^' ^ n-AnniAiui 

Do 5ABA3I ChuAc r>e OAtiAnn yo^ ej]»3nn fonn. 

Jl \3 «)]< fl30(;r An riicy ^v03f35 t5o ]-l3ocr Ne3ii)eo 00 
CUA36 A311 £ct}t(i A h<^3}»3nn 3 ii-p3A36 to^Ia zu]lH ChonAjn^* 
niAjt <v t^ lobflAr, niAc 6006030, 11130 )^^A3neo3l fitjt?, 



and OlioU, I'loni Miioin ibey obtained allodial possessions j 
tliis is uhai is cjflled the emigratiun of the sons of Uamor; 
for ^ngus, son of Uamor, was their king in the ease ; from 
these too, are denominated the territories they possessed, 
such as Loch Kimy, from Kimy Kehirin, Tawin point, in 
Mearee, Loch Cahra, Beai |iead, MoyUn, Dun iEngus, 
in Arran, Carn Connal, in the country of Ainy, the plain 
!pf Ayar, son of Uamor the poet, I\Ioynasal, the plain of 
Mayne, son of Uamor, and Loch Uar, from Uar, son of 
Uamor ; whence it appears that they possessed forts and 
islands until they were driven out by Cuchullin, and ConnaJ 
Kearne\-, at the head of the Ulster forces. History does 
not mention the erectioii of forts, the eruption of lakes, 
or the clearing of plains from wood, during the tenure of 
the Bolognes. Some antiquaries assert^ that the three fa- 
milies in Ireland, not of Gadelian origin, are of Bologian 
descent, namely the Gavrys, on the borders of the Suck 
in the Conacht ; the O'Tarse}^ of OfTaly ; and the Gallons 
of Leinster. Such are the peregrinations of the Bologues, 
according to the e.rudite antiquary Tany 0'Ma:lconr3', "^ 
his poem which begins with the following stanza : 

The Bologues here sojomnrd a while, 
Li great isle of Mila's sons, 
By live chieftains led they came, 
Their proud naines full w(>ll I know. 

C II A P T E R X. 

'I'he coii^M'^f of Ireland hy the Thuha Dcdannan, S(c. 

JL HK Thuha Dcdannan, are of the race of the third 
chieftain of die Nevvians, w^ho emigrat^'d from Irelancl 
after th'e demolition of the tower of Coning; naniely, Ibaah, 



tfi]c Nejniet) a z'\)T) TuvvfiV re Tvtnann ; -j ]]' e vi]t ^ h<i]rj- 
ij^tj leo, tio }it']]t Djtojn^e Jte yencuj' ) mBeorjcv ) rxiid] ]- 
covt; n* hCojipcv, -] <v "oejjijr) 'opon^ ejle ^njt ab j cc]i>^ 
>^r 'iijenj-e)', miv]^ <v [fu)l cAfai|t tia h?C)rnc, 'oo ivjT-j^ fJAt). 
Cu]5, 4 Vo^f-o])*, '5;ii}i »\h jMn d)ijc fco'n Bhjtejv;, ])e 
Jiajfreif "^p<v]a, t30 jic']]! Pomponjup '^(;iiela, <v r<v Beorj* 
*j Cv\fv\)]t n(v h?(]T-ne, 'j ^u]v <vb <vn -no yo^lujm i-jAts a 
iTPiLoi^eAcc •] « occjt'OA, go Beit cli]-oe )j- ^ac ce]]iX3 
Seinrljoe fio)15. ^i5>i)' taj^Kv yiv n-Am j-jn 50 rrAn^A'Cd 
caIjK^c moji 6 cjijc n* l^j]>)rt ro i6e<»niJTr» cot;u]"c <v)|i Vucc 
cjJice ^^renjenj-C]', }oriuf ^o nib)op cwfu^tvo l<ec4TTia]l 
crojjjtA, '] an T]»()n5 -oo m^BrvO) t)0 iia h^icenjenpep, jj* 
lAT) <in T]tcm cc't^riA r>o X)]ot> <\y tia rhajiac ^5 CAru^At) 
jie luce n* '^jlt]A •6j<il); ') <\]* Airlajt) no ^njfj i']n, le 
T]t40)'6g,ct; HiiKvc -ci' T*rv\ri, o]]t no cu)|tT5)]- 'ogifmjn i]' re* 
cojtpu]l) ceona t>'a rroiluApacr rjte "lornftt) ^ejnrljoectA ; 
T rrivj rvi^AOij luce r.A j-^}/*)*) o'a n-rt]|te i^n]i (vb ]<vx3 cu)]jp 
na r)}io]n5e "oo m^jBr^'oj leo yt-jn vo VdfAjjf corhlujrm 
no lijot) ^ n<v riivv}K\c <V5 CAtugan }t]u, u]me nn rejt) yjcvo 
ioo nenrtm coriiAjj^ie le p-A nnjKoj'o yejn, •] jy^n a tsubAjjtc 
^n nji.O) ]tiu, ya]);je' t>o "6u}t a]]i TA]f]iec ah ajiuioj^, -j 
cuA)lle CsOHfAjri'no f-ArAX) z^e cojtp ^ac mAjfib tio'n 'ojiojn^ 
j-jn no bjon A5 Afejjt^e cuca, •) a nuBa^nr, mA'p n^mn* 
•CO 5njn na cu]]ip no ro^IuA]'Acr, 50 nneAnrvOj a cclojclo 
] ccnuTiiiA]b no l';\fA)|t, ^ na ml)An u a n-A)f.bconAn tJA 
]i]\i]b x>o "oeAnriO) riAC ^ejlDnJi' da cujpp no VafAjji- 
r|»uA)llcn cucA, rj^jn luce ha S]}ija no tu]i ad CAr* 
<l iiA TiK\]iAc, •) Uiijpjn no CAC, T I'Ajrjn iia clefA CvO]tfA)r» 
rjic- co]ipu]b iiA m^b no VuAjngm^ 'j no ^njn cnuniA no 
TAv:Ai]t n'job. Vc^Aj' Ijn^p Jucr da S)]\j<i y(\ Vu6r n* 
i-]i]ii- J n-A njAjn pn r-iv n-A]}^loc. OaIa ThuArA nc 
nanAii ni^ no concAn^ Ag nu.l ^,]]i luce nA c]t)cc A5 
lucr TiA SjUjA, rjt)AllLi)n n'a n-c^JA n\on bujf)n Ay ah 
rcjijc )']n, -j nj noiiUAt? coibuuirc Ico 5.. Juui^^Ar^'] cc|y:; 



son of Beohagb, son of larvancl the Wise,* son of Ncwyj 
I'hey sojourned in Ba^otia, according to some antiquaries, 
ivliile others assert that they dwelt in Attica about Athens. 
But know, reader, that Ba^otia, and the city of Athens 
are situate in that part of Greece culled Acluiia pfojjcr, 
according to Pomponius Mela, and that it was there they 
learned their nuiffic and enchantment, and became so ex- 
pert in tlie necromantic art. It happened about tliis time 
tliat a large fleet came from Syria to make war upjn the 
people of Attica, in consequence of which they were en- 
gaged in daily conflicts ; and those of the Athenians who 
were slaliij were the very same who used to fight for them 
agauist the Syrians on die next day ; this was eftected by 
the sorcery gf the Thuha Dedannan. For by their extraor- 
dinary witchcraft, tlicy used to infuse daemons into those 
dead bodies to j)ut them in motion ; when the Syrians how- 
ever, perceived that the}' were the corses of tliose whom 
they had previously slaiu on the held of battle, that fought 
against them the next day, they entered into council with 
their own priests. One of these advised them to set a 
watch u])on the field of slaughter, and drive a stake of 
mountain ash throusxh the cor^e of every one of those who 
used to revive against them; and added, that if they were 
quickened by dar mons, they would be instantly converted 
into worms ; but that if they were really revived, the bo- 
dies would not admit of instant corruption. The Syrians 
came to the light the next morning, and obtained a com- 
|>lete victory. Tli^y then drove sUikes of asli through the 
dead bodies, as vieliave mentioned, and they immediately 
became worms. After this the Syrians pursued the inha- 
bitarits of the country \Vidi unopposed slaughter. As to 
the Thuha Dedannan, when the}' saw the natives dius. 
subdued by the Syrians, they all fled through fear of them, 
out of the country ; nor did they stop until tliey arrived iii 
the land of Lochlin, where diey met vvith a kindi reception 
VOL. I, N from 

* Or the Prophet. 

l.oeK\f1, m*^ A IJpiAj^Ar^ f^jke 6 luce v.a c]i]te A)]i jom&© 

Ttuymj- yjn, .i. Nu*t)<v Ajji^iooUm, niivc Caicu)^, Tfi)C 
CA'o^l»]Tfi, rso ]'l)o6r Ncpf.e"?. Fu^<\-p<j, ]mo]>]io, cejtjte 
CAr]>a6<», no cgr> X>e)t (Vg mun»\'6 jorirA -o'vOj- 6)5 n* c]i3^e. 
*?('5 j-o rtnmftfiiv ncv ccAfjuc, F<i]l]Af, SojitjA]-, F]n)<vf, 
*^ui}»jAj"; -] t)o 6ii))ier4 riiafa tje rAnafi ce]f)»e i-vOjte 
«o j-colat) PA 7i-^lAf.\n T na n-)!f g]it? 'o'o^BAp tia tjpe) 
^5 yo <inmrtn<v <vn cer'jio)]* ]-]n ro Wp-b }te mun<vt) n<v 
n-^UtJAn 'oojb ; 'A^o]]ip)Oi- <v]nni an y]]t ■60 B) ptn ;;caT:y^U]5 
o'a '•5*))tmfei» FajIj^j-, Cjiuf pn ccafpAj^ t>'* » 5o)]if£l» 
■So]tjaj- ; Senijap ]'an cc*f pu)^ n'a nsojjif £}i '^bu))t]ftf ; 
^0*j*r r^" ccvvf]i«35 "d'(v n^oji^r^l* Fjnjjtp. ?^b<v]' <\)f» 
mbej^ Y^Uxi y.xxxi -oa n-v'v^ni]-)]: ]]- n* c<?,f jiaca j'lti, r)>]Allu]o 
go ruA]j-cgnr ^dbAP, aj" a^ comniij^i-jAt) f£ct mbijA^n* 
«5 DoBa}*, 'j a^ I^-ooBa]*. Do Bit5^ 6e]fjte j-eoj-oe'uAjfle 
«CA, f.u^A'?^ leo A]* nA cAf]iAcii]B ju'-AififtAjWC, m^ a t* 
doi 6 FAjljAf, -) )Y t)] b<t]]im^5it ati Ija^ ya}!, -j jj- ) 00 
^ejmeo jta 5<<6 jij^ 6j]i]on ]\e n-!be)c a^ a ro^At) X30)T> 
50 hA)mp]]t Chon6oBn]}i, aiiiajI a ■oubjiAnisj }ioTfiA]fi, 'j 
jp tDo'n clojfc f]n SAjl^mr^jt cloc n»i qTiemnA, 6]]t 130 TJ) 
) ccjucAti X)) 5)be A)C ) n-A mbjoti <iTn cloc, t)U)ne 00 
^jFiet) Scu^r, .1. tso pjol ^'bh]le'6 6j-pA)nc ro Tn-jf ] jplAjf-^p 
fid cj^jce pjn, "00 i'u')]t ms| le^^^J *■*? Hecrojt Boctjup i 
j-CA))> n<v h^^HjAn, Ag po ni^ a x>C]p : 

Cp^-b Scujr, pu)}t Ati y]T^fe} 
mun bur I'JIca^ An [••jp'ojnt*, 

't>lj5jt) FlAjrop "00 ^Ab.\)l. 

^jjt n-A rii(^p ro ^jnfer Sen]* an Buajo j-jn ro Ijejr 
ft^ An celc]c pjn, ]^ n5Al5A]l i'lejjtr ha bvvlban r*Fhg)»5u|* 
Tfi6jt mAc GaJjca, -j )^ n-A cu]» jtojnie p)5 ro 5A]}mi re 
;^jn, cniiap yjop ] nrAj' a r^jibpAf^ ^hujpcejtCAis 
Tfi)c Gajica, II jc Ca^aC '^hujnjJ^niAj,!. ro jjol Cjjijmojn, 


iram t'ne inhabitants, for the nniltipUcity of their sci«nc6s 
and arts. Their Icuder in this expedition was Nooa sil- 
verhanded, son of Ecta, son of Edarlaav, of the hne of 
r^4ewy. Tiiey even obtained four cities, or at least per- 
mission to instruct the youth of the nation in them. Tlie 
namesoftliesc cities art' Falias, Corias, Finias, and Mnrias; 
in these the Thuha Ded4nnan established four professors 
to initiate the youth of the coiintry in the ^•a^iqus arts arid 
sciences ; the names of these four scientitic professors Mere 
Moris who taught in the city Falias; Erus ^^ho presided in 
Gorias ; Semia? in Mupas ; and Arias in the city Finias. 
After they had continued a long time in these cities, they 
passed over to the north of Scotland, where they remained 
seven years at Dovar and lardovar. The}^ possessed four 
precious articles of high value, which they brought with 
them out of the abovementioned cities; namely, a stone 
from Falias, called the Lia Fal, which used to roar undesr 
each king of Ireland upon his election, until the time of 
Connor, as we mentioned before ; it was also ca,lled the 
stone of destiny, for it was destined for it, that v.'heresoever 
it should be placed, a prince qf the Scotic race, i. e. of 
the descendants of Milesius, should possess the sovereignty 
pf the country; as we read in Hector Bqetius's history qf 
Scotland, where he says : 

The Scotic race, a no])le tribe. 
Unless prophets false predict, 
Where they find the stone of fate, 
Empire there they' ve right t' ajssun^e.* 

The Scots being persuaded that thisstone possessed suclt, 
power, Fergus the great, son of Earc, haying subdued the 
kingdom of Scotland; and being determined to have him- 
§elf proclaimed king, sent an embassy to his '^brother 
Murtogh, son of Earc^ son of Achy thicknetk, of thelihe 

\ ;"■■,', ^ of 

* Nl fJlat fatiim, Scoti fjuocunque loeatuin 
Invcniciit lapldem, rcgiiare tcnentur ibid^in. 


TO 54))iTn rt- ; 'j)i,>]n)5 an c]oc in,j ]-)n C; -j ro feAH^nieb 
Rij ?^lbAii 4}t^ ATI cclojc T5C. ^S4f )r ^ *^^*^ ■ou)ne 
"^'M^ v;'^)liTno6 ]t]5 "Lilian no cj^ii^t> Scu^r e, *j )r6p z^ covJ 
go cruj;rin) I^jo^a '^Iban ajjj cn}r» tjo Ch)ni)r;necu]V) .i. 
r* P)crj, ]-iil -TO j^jo^ac l>ii5,U]', nia]]'£6 nj ii<v)Be ojujij^ 
)OmUn irjoB jaii licjc yi cjo]- j yi 6ajn co pjo^Ajb 
^jjiiofi 6 <v]Triri]^ 50 hA)rny]]t, "f 50 hAD^i^fe 6 Ajmyjjt 
Cj]t(^mo]n nijc "CjjInT) ]l]e, le]t r,n])tf^-n n* Pjct) n'ajrju^At) 
p<v hV^lbar a I ajz,Ti]V), <»in<;il a ni'4]«<»m "oi *■]]' yo a^ 
liibajjtr <f)H yI*)^oy Gjjtphoin, 540 yU]f^y vMj P^h^ii^viy* 
■yo. D,iU VIA cli)]ce, to W] aca ]'ol A)iriyj)»c x::]A]i> ) 
■nojdp, jio ]i:v)ni5 ^^^ *^ir ri" »o Saxa)B, 'j 50 ffujl J 
li-jum yvvn r,\^f.o]if ] ti-a Tif;v^))niirn]^ Kj SAx»\ti, A]Jf 
r-A t;aoa]]»7: a h?^lbA]n 50 liAjmoconAO A '^^'•«>i)n)yro)t 
Scone, '/ ]y c ah ei'At> GoBa]^© jtj Saxah vu^ lc]y j ; 
jonnp gnu yjoiiAo rAjtn^Ajjio nA clojce yATi Jtj^ yo A^ujTi 
oiiojy, .ta'^CU''"'r' ') ] '^"'^ ArA))> \{) SCuxmny tio 
cppt) Sc.u^r, nt.j A TA ro yljot^r 'A'ibAjne, iit)c Cu)]»c, riijo 
Lu]5TPC, fAnjr'o f?)V)on liiAC 'Al^jler' GAypAjne, ^^^ gujJ 
j^aVjat^ F>^]1'"''i |'1^ nA Svwoii a)]i An ccloir )(rAiiijiA]nr<'. — 
vt'n- *OA]iA yt'AT rujA-Cs^ TiiArA nt' TAnAi'i loo ] n-C]]t)H, 
An rlojroni to cIoClA l-u JA]f liiniyATA, j ]y o ftliO))i]Ay 
ciij^AT^j e. ><,'n r]»^y ycAT, An rj-lo^ to Bjot a^ Lu^Ajt) 
lAinyATA ]u; bA^.v^T coniloin, ) }y Ay ah cc<<f ]»n)5 Kjn^Ap 
rn^AT j. 'ii^n cerjiAniAT yt^>*p, i'0])»c An Da^ta, "i )p u 
^>bii]|t]Ay rn^AT (*. '-Ji'^ yo yii)f]U5AT A]]t iiA no)f]V) a 
V^wBliAnisj }toinn]n, atiia]! lht,rvj ) IoIkj ^aLaIa Xj'Ajjtj^fr, 
yAP TnAinyi! ) n-<j nTjAjf : 


,jii *.5''* Vallaii^ey's Vindication of Irish History, p. 167. 

J •J'r'Hj'.Jicrt-q the translation ot'.tiip poftry bus hecn ffiictly litcra!, tlidugh 
joiiic tiiiicf confined to seven 'j'llabic inti-iire lik.- tlic Ci':ilif, in tlic follow- 
jtij poen:, ii<mcvfr, th- rrtiusla'or hus cndcavom-cd to give the English rea- 


of Erevon, who \va3king of Ireland at that time, request- 
ing him to send him this stone that lie might sit upon it at 
the time of his inauguration ; whereupon the stone was 
^ent to him, and he received the crown of Scotland upon 
it. This prin(y? was the first of the Scotic race who was 
stiled king of Scotland ; for though some of the Picts, prior 
to the coronation of Fergus, were stiled kings of Scotland, 
vet there was not one of them so independently king, as 
not to be under tribute to the kings of Ireland-, from tiinf: 
to time, and especially down from the tiine of Erevon, son 
of Milesiiis, by whom the Picts were sent out of Leinster, 
to settle in Scotland, to the reign of this Fergus, as we 
will mention hereafter in detailing the reign of Erevon. 
As to the stone tljcy kepf: it for nijany successive ages, till 
at length it found i\s way into England, where it remains 
CO this day, under the throne on which the king of England 
is usually crowned, haviing been forcibly taken from the 
abbey of Scone in Scodand, by Edward I. so that the 
prediction respecting this stone, has been verified in our 
presj;nt king Cliarlcs and his father James, whose descent 
IS of the Scotic race, tiauiely, from INIainy, son of Corcj, 
son of Looee, of the posterity of Liver, son of Milesiusj 
or Mila of Spain, smce they Were crowned kings of Eng- 
land upon this stone. — ^The second article of value brought 
to Ireland by tlic Thuha Dedannan, was the sword of 
Looee Longhand ; it was from Gorias they took it. The 
third valuable cariositv was the spear vhich Looee Long- 
hand used in fight, they brought it from thfe city Finias. 
The fourth was the cauldron of Daghda,* which was 
brought from the city Murias, The following poem, from 
a book of invasions, is a proof of what we have ad- 
vanced: f 


der a specimen of Gaelic metre, conhnerl to its 3tricle?t rules; it will suffice 
here to sa)-, tliat the tran:;lation is extremely literal, a thing which will ap- 
pear almost incredible when it is considered that the Irish themselves looked 



«» »i'='l''X»}5eiir, a npj^iBAlrvMi. 

J^bvvjneo)! |rjon jAp fo jpe^ft, 
niAc Nepieo, rhjc ^i■6nAnmjn,, 
r)*j» rhac bion Beor<tc bgi^rAC, 
yvt Loc IcotAc kinpei»r»vc. 

CUm Beoraj5 beouA tv mblojn, 

Ijon <v lojn^pj 50 toclujn. 
Cejcjte carjtACA, cli'i c^pr, 

"oo cny]\Xi]\- coihluri 50 caj', 
FajIja)' -] SoiijA)' ^Un, 

x>o m40]6eni rihvV'oniAn aitiac, 
AnUh>ru iiA n-^r^-CAf-luc, 

]ie n^AjtniAn jf iuA~6 lepA, 
■AnmAn puAt> b*c ]*sO)J^-V£)'A. 

SNiojjijrjop yjle Fa)1)»|' -pep, 
Cpu]* ) nBo))>]Ap mAjc-nicjn, 
SejmjA]* } '■^<.Mi))t]A|' •o]Ofi trjAj-, 


«p©B this composition as //^r mast difficult under tht sun. The following are 
the princijial rcfiiiiiitcs ia this kind of vcisc : 1. Jwew syUaMes in every 
Jine. 3i F.vt-ry stnnza to make a perfect sense by itself without any tiepcii.- 
• lance on the following one, 3, The last word of every second and fourth 
lines to exceed tliat of tlic first ami third by a syllable; as in tlic first stanza, 
the first line endi with a word of one syllabic, and the second with a word 
of two; 60 also in the fourth stanza of this poem, the third line ends witij 
a word of two syllable?, and the fourth necessarily ends with a word of threu. 
4» la ?vcry line two /)riw/rt/ words, cither noun, or verb, must begin with 

' a, vowel. 


Tiiuiia true their treasures bring 
And Ip'ic lore and learning, 
Spells and charms and cv' ly art^ 
Hell's own arms, wicked witchcraft, 

Iar^•anel ag'd, prophet prime, 
Son of Nevvv, deft, divine, 
Tli'hero doughty, dread in deeds, 
Read in routing ne'er recedes. 

^echagh's sons, brave, firm their fame. 
Bold he led as both became. 
From yokt) not sweet, taunts and teen^ 
With ticet to lands of Lochhn. ' 

tities four of noted name, 

Long tiiey rul'd with sway supremo, 
Eager here they arts advance, 
Deadly darts to ignorance, 
Gorias great, FaUas free, 

Finias, JMurias, main, might}', 
Far and wide has flow'd their fame. 
Noble pride these towns twice-twain, 
Moris, Erns, famous, fair, 
Arias, Shemias, sage seVere, 
Long to live in lasting verse 
We give tiiese masters matchless. 
Moris taught in Falias fair, 
Krus in Gorias gleeful, 
Shemias taught in Murias msetej 
In I'inias Arias austere. 


& Vowel, or vvitL tlie sa'r.e con5onan»^, as hre and Ua-r.ini In the ist 3taa2U 
both begin with /. jth. There must be some kind of rhyme or correspondence 
at the end of each hemistich, as between bring and learrirg, g. In the tw» 
last lines of every stanzi, tbere must be a rhyme or jineling between all the 
principal Words, as in the fT=:t stanza, heWs «<un arms, in the fourth line» 
agrees with sfelh and charms in the third ; and in the second stanra, r-tad ir. 
rcutini ajtees with d^ead and d:uyhty. 7. No word can occur twice in the 
same line, except it be in a difterent case, or have a tlitterent meaning •, or 
except it be some word like cf, in, us, ti.c, cur, tc, Sec, and these words 
can never fcl'm the correspondence mentioned above in article 4, 


^c)tHe liAjfc^t)* leo a fi-all, 

cl(j)oerii, doty cojiie uiiiar, 
clo]X)£ni Iattia L654 luio, 

•j curiiAn5 i>a cc\oinriiAr. ZT'.u.'aiciA, 
Jomrur* <^hu>ic -oe -oiViiAn ]^ ccv\]feni yocc rnbljagan 

trj]* loojB lu«n b6*lrjtie j ctu<Jjj'C£]ic Cjytjofi, •oo lojj-c^r) 
& lon^A An rJtAt ]'jn leo, attia]! a tu')l* ah yile yA^^ 

Do Vo]]*c ^Ac Loc Tjob A Voiiz;, 
6 x>o jtjrtcc Gjjtjfi A-onioll, 
"DO butt ^leo rjtoni a^ a co)v< 
ceo PA lon^ A5 a loj-cAt). 

Da G)f fjn tDO cuj)»et»A]t cuArA ce xsanAn ceo r»]t;o]6errA 
] T1-A rrjnicoll ]:e)n, yco r)ij Ta ^<^ n^ Vojjt "o'.onriujTie 
t)'foiui)b B0I5 ]An 50 ]uii5At)A]v SljAb An pl^ujii, 1 cujjtjo 
*r r?" t£crA iiATA 50 bGocAr* niAc Gjj»c, j ^o mAjrjb 
jf^]\ mBolj t)' ]A]iu]r> itjo^ACtA Cjpjofi no Vej^i^i •oujlV 
ft^jn, no CATA "d'a cjon ; -j r>o coiii-TTiopAt) iijmo j*]n cac 
rnuj^e Cu))teo t^y le y^lJujb B0I5 ) n-A^Ajo DiuAi cC* 
©AtiAft, T •00 bjijf^t) r^'j-ojiAjb B0I5 n\r\ ccAt fin, guj* 

ni.\l'K. D 

. <205 

Four great treasures bright they bring, 
From afar t' isle of Eirin, 
Brazen cakh-on, stone and spear. 
Sword alone for death decreed. 
Tlie Lia Fal from Falias fani'd, 

Stone that Eirin's prince proclaimed } 
From Gorlas came glitt'ring glave, 
Of bickering Looee long-neif.* 
From Finias o'er sounding sea, 
(lame spear of Looee lordly; 
From Murias, great gaudy prizej 
Daghda's caldron, strarige suipritie. 
King supreme of mortal men 1 
Protect us prince of heaven ! 
Thee who calmly suff'redst slight. 
Alms and lustrous deeds delight. 
After the Thuha Dedannan had continued seven years 
in Scotland,^ they removed into Ireland, and landed on 
Monday the first of May in the North of Ireland, and 
immediately set fire to their shipping, as the poet obsert^ei 
in the following verse : 

Each chieftain his vessel burn'd, 
When they landed in noble Firing 
'Twas a piteous sight to see 
These hue vessels all in smoke. 

After that the Thul-a Dedanoiui formed a magical mist 
about themselves for three days, so that they marclied un- 
perceived by the Bologues, until they reached Sliev "an 
laron, from whence they sent embassadors to Echy, son 
of Earc, and to the nobility of the Bologues, to demand 
the sovereignty of Ireland from them, di' to try the fate of 
a battle. Upon this the battle of South Moy Tuiry wa^ 
fought by the Bologues against the Thuha Dedannaji, in 
which the fonner were defeated, with the loss of ten 

VOL. I. O thousand 

* i. e. long-landed. 


Tn,}b(»i t)C)c mj]e ojob, iviiiajl * t5ubjtAui»j tuA)- ; *) x>e]6 
TTibljugnA jrjcjo 6 cat ^iihuj^e CiijjJ^r) rortj- 50 c<vf '^sihujge 
CujP(j;d riup, (vrhajl a tJC))* An )-]lc : 

Dejc mbl]Ac;nA {.'icj-o ]»o f^y, 
6 CAT 'sOluij5e cu)}i£-6 tc*]', 
50 CAT ihu]5c ru))»et) ruAp, 
P-^ ru)* BaIajj All ifio]>-j-lu*)^. 

V( ^ejjtjo 10^0115 }>e j-eATicii)- guji Ab 6'n ttj^juit m<ic 
)iiu5 DAriAfi, jn^en Dliglbcojf, m^ a tA Bjijafi, Iucaji •) 
^udAjtb*, 00 clojfi Dh^lb.ojf irijc CAUfAjTi, ttijc Nep, m]c 
JonovOj, Jhjc ?(lUoj, rtijc TAjr, mjc CAbAjitn, ni]c Cm, 
iTi)c BAtA)5, ^^1^ Jbcvju, TTIJC Beotu)^, liijc )sjbA)neojl 
p\]o, nijc Nejrh^D, BAjjimfep Cuaca t)6 UATiAn, to'n 
F'^JM*^ A)}t A ffujlnrijr* aj rjiactAt) ah yo, ro bjtjg 50 
jtAbAr,} An t]\^ uo .1. BjtjAn, Juc^-) luc^bA com-iD£]»fc- 
nuj5re -) "oo bADA}t j ccejttjujb ^ejurljoe, z^u]i tojl Icjy 
riA CiiAjrjbj-j, jAT yejn •o'Ajnmnju^At) uAtA. ^^5 j-o ttejr- 
mjftj^cc Ag A fu)r)£TTi gup Ab jAt; An r^^ un nA rjtj ree 
OAnAfi, AitiAjl lejgCsj j-An ruAjn t).v]) Ab rope, " Cjj-r).j 
A eolcA gATi on :" 

B}<]An, JucA]ibAj ]j* Jui^ aF5, 
rjij "ot'c chuAC tie OAnAfi, 
ni<jb ]At) Ag ^\iiAnA oy n)U]]» niCAn, 
00 VajiIi Lu5a jnAc Cjfl^ri. 

If 6'n DAfiAfi JTA niACAjJi 'oo'n rjtj^ yo ^ojitfo^ ida 
djoc OliAnAri -ocyn t)A cnoc a riv ) LuACA)]t 0«2^Ajt) 1 
hO^pimnAjn. v( loejitjo "ojion^ cjlo i»e I'^Titup i,uit Ab 
ujme ]iAjore^ cuAfA tjc 'OahaiI jtjii t)D bp)^ guj* Ab j 
n-A r-j»j ntpon^Ajb xdo bAT)4. V(n £oAt> 'ojtonj ojob ida 
iiqOJIic) iSuAf, "bo bjo'6 aJjj Vcjp^ UAjyle •) c^nuj]' yc'onA, 
joHAfi jmujtito tuAtAC -j rj5oitnA ; -] ]j- cojtujoe j-jn xxj 
ho dpc]t!(^ThAjii mAjt 50 crugt^ ca bAntuACAC Ajjt Bhtcojll, 
•] Ajjt DbAnAn 00 bj j n-A n)bA)nrJ5g}inAjb aca, aiiiajI a 
■ocjjv an yj!c yAn jiAfi yo : 



thousand men, as we mentioned befoie; there were thii- 
ty years between this engagement and the buttle of IsForth 
Moy Tuiry, as the poet thus observes : 

Thirty years, well we know, 
r'rom the battle of South Moy Tuiry, 
To the fight of Moy Tuiry North, 
In which fell Balar of mighty hosts. 

Some antiquaries are of opinion that it was from Brian, 
luchar, and lucharba, three sor;s cf Pannaj), jaughter 
of Dalway, sen of Ealaluui, son of Neid, son of Indy, 
/ion of Alia}', son of Tliath, son of Tavarii, spn of Enna, 
§on of Baha, son of Ibanh, son of Beohagh, son of Jar- 
vanel the wjsC; son of Nervy, the people of whom we are 
speaking here, w-ere called Thuha Detlannan ; because 
these three, namely Brian, luchar and lucharba, were so 
famous in the necromantic arts, that these Thuha or sorce- 
rers called themselves after them. The following verse^ 
fromapoem beginning, " Hear, ye learned, without delay," 
is a proof that these three were stiled the gods of Dannan ; 

Brian, lueharba, and luchar great, 
Three deities of the Dedanites, 
They fell at Mana o'er th6 raging mainj 
By hand of Looee, soa of Eihlen. 

From Dannan, the mother of these three, th^ two hill^ 
at Luahar Daee in Desmond, are called the two paps of 
pannan. Other antiquaries are of opinion, that the Thuha 
Dedannan are so called, because they were three distinct 
tribes. The first tribe was denominated Thuha, and 
consisted gf the nobility, and leaders of the colony ^ for 
Thuha, means a lord or i)oble: jfndthisis the more credible, 
because Bcchoill, and Dannan, two of their ladies, were 
called Ban Thuhas, i, e, female Thuhas, or ladies, accord- 
ing to the poet in the following lines : 



Bt'tojll <t54]* DiM^^n rfjl, 
ya nia]tb mi rv% Vj.MirimfiN]^ 

le •certninujB oopa rt)eo)p. 
^^n tAjiA 0)10115 t)\v fic;o])tfj •oee, m-^ * tAj^ A ntijtsopc, 
j )Y ujme ]-)n ]^^^]^re]1 r]i) ree "pAnvvn ]i])- n<v rpj rtiiOjrjb 
cuaj-, .1. B|i]\n, )nc<|, •) )uc>A]ib<v ; ]j- ii^me cpiia to ti03|ir] 
■o6e x>)o\) t]ie jn^Anruj- <v n^njoih iir)ji,»)r)ccr<v ArnAjl 4 
t)iib]»t\mv). ^9in r]tei' t)]ton5 fo Bj Tjol), t'ii n^ojptj t5e 
tjatiAfi, All "r]<orvg to 15j }ie TrtimjB, no |ie c^iitu]"B aca^ 
pnan ]mo)»}to t^an -) ccltT, ^ otia Tivinijb .i. 6 n<\ certjiTuilj. 
CO Y}) Ac%\ t)0 gojiirj taiKvn Tjob. 

?iz; j-o c;^!)!^^!;^ na cjtojiije if u.\]|le to rjiuAfiijIj ce 
•oAnan .i. CocaT OlUni .i. <vn Oa^ta, ()-^niA, ?ill6jo, B]»e»^]-j, 
•J U^lb.of, CU15 TTijc G,Al>\f<\pi, iiijcNl'J'o, ■] '^Otviidnaii niiiG 
?^llo]r>, liijc CvvlACAjn, iri]c Delb.o]f. Sv3 m]c Ohe<vlb;0]f , 
mjc O^ma, F]ac<v, 011<vm, lonr-sO], BiJ]An, luc,|, -) hic^brt. 
^^on^u]-, ^OT, C^]nnrtT, -^ ^OjTjjt, cejf]ie Tn)C <\n Da^ca. 
(..u5,A)r, iDAc Ctjn, in]C T)]Ancc4cr, liijc 6A]-a]]iw;, ]ii]o 
NejT, iii]c lonTiO]. &()]un]on An ^AbA, c]ie3-6ne ah co]tT, 
T))A]nce>\cr aii Ijac, LucrA]n ah ysOji, j CA}i»b]ie ah yjle, 
ruAC UiijiA, ii))C Cnjltcjll. B(]5itco, niAc Crt^ubpt; cajtcju^ 
Tii]c rAbii]i»n. I'jAf A niAi- U^lbsO]fj ■) a imac OlUin ; CajccsJ, 
I N(M'ru)n, TA niAc NAiiiArr, ifi]c Cocajt ^Ajjfb, ib]c 
'OuACTO]ll. SjofrnAll niAc CAjiibjtc cjtuim, rbjc GAlcniA]]«, 
iii]c DeAlbsOjf. G)]ic, ForlA; •) BAVibA t]\) h)nj;enA I'Iijaca 
«i]c DoUxojf, ih]C O^niA. Cjjinjn jn^i^n CArAjilAjni, 
m»vrA]]t riA m])An fjn. '-^ c; yo ma rji) bAjiiotc no bj a< a, 
.1. BArb, '-Js^icA, ■) ''-J<i{)j]'r]()j>in. Oatuiu j Bi'iii]!!, ah ta 
l)AT»ruAfAc ; •) BjijvjP bA)iij.-)Ic. V15 ]0 n.\ ])AnruAfA( % 
]'0 t?o bAT<j An T;i jij^-t3vun, .>. Fc •] "sN?n a n-AnnmnA, -j 
)]• iiAfrt yjn Ajnninj^vcit '^0A5 Fcnion j-ah 'vOinfiAjn. Ij' 
AC* y6|" TO bj Tjiiv^nj rf)]io ■ 6 }>A)T>r«^jt rite)rpj|ino 
''-^'' )j* C)»}TinbcAl, Tliiu]riC. jCApiiwiI ha r|i) CAjnrr. 
'; y\- -c I b}i]. <Af 'AV'iijir rnjjicr) tmajc' aJ;» Jh6tii!>|)6iijb, 


B^'ohoilJ, and Barman, lovely fair. 
Killed were tli*?se two Ban-Thuhas, 
The evening of their spc\h at last, 
Has come by pale aerial Demons. 

The secon4 tribe were called Dee, or gods ; these xrere 
their drai or priests ; therefore the three priests abovemeiiT 
iloned, namely Brian, luchar, and lucharba, were stiled 
the three De-Dannan or gods of Dannan ; they were also 
ttsteeiued gods, from their suq^rising feats of necromancj-, 
as we observed before. The tliird tribe, which obtained 
the name of Dedannan, were those who were skilled in 
arts, for Dan aigniiies art, and from their Dans or arts, they 
vyerc called Dannan. 

The followin;!- were the most noted amongst the Thulia 
Dedannan, viz. Eohy Ollav, otherwise called theDaghda, 
Ogma, Alioid^ Breas, and Dalway, the five sons of Elahan, 
son of Neid, and IMannanan, son of Allqid, son of Dalway. 
The six sons of r>alway, viz. Fiacha, Ollav, Indy, Brjan, 
luriiar, and ^iicbarba. ^ngns, Hay or Hngh, Carmad, 
and Meer or INIidhir, the fonr sons of the Daghda. Looee, 
spn of Cein, son of Dianccacht, son of Easarg, son of 
Xeid, son of Indy. Govnan the smith; Creidny the artist j 
Dianccacht the physician ; L.uchtan the mechanic; Carbiy 
the poet, son of Tura, son of Turrel ; Bcgreo, son of 
Carbry Cat-head, son of Tavarn ; Fiaclia, son of Dalwa}', 
and liis son Ollav ; Caicer and Kectnn, t\vq sons of Nawa, 
,son of Eohy the J{ongh, son of Duachduli. Siieeval, son 
of Carbry Crom, son of Ealcvar, son of Palway ; Eire, 
Fola, and Banba, three danghtersof Fiacl^a, son of Dalwav, 
son of Ogma; l'',iniin, the mother of these ladies, daughter 
of Eadarlaav, Bav, IVTacha, and Moreean, were their three 
goddesses. Dannan and Bechoill, the two Ban-Thuhas 
or ladies ; Briget tlu^ ])oetess. The ladies of tha two royal 
professors were Fe and Men, from whom Moy Femen in 
iSIunster has its name. vVmong them also was Triaree Tore, 
from whom is called Trelherriy, in Munster. Creeyin^el, 
^rinny, and Cas^ ad, the three satyrists. They defeated the 



.7<vn cat: itojnie fjn 3 '^Cbuj^e Tra]]iPr cc|* <Vj]i fCl*")^ J^cj^S* 
][• |An CL-ao CAT t5() cajU Xiu\oa, a Vatii j*An ccAr; noej- 
■^onv\(!' •O.J bciivit) A ccAu re. 

Oo ]ijo5A]l> ciiuAc "oe ranAn An yo. 

Do 5aB Nuaca vvjji^i;;^^!^!!!, niAc GActin^, ihic Caca]!- 
ivvjm, riijc OjiTAn, liijc Jorir.oj, riijc 9^1I.O], iii)c Ta]?, 
}t]05ACc 6)]»]()fi rjijocAt> hl]A5A)n, ^w^ tujr ] ccac nuij^e 
■Cu)]tet> ruAjiB le li6AlArA}n ttiac DclliAjf, j \c BaIaj* 
b*}kV')mneAC iia Nej'o. 

Do 5aB B)iCAp, TTiAc CAlACAjn, liijc NejT), rJTjc }otixj,oj, 
mjc ^(ll<Oj, ]i)o5Acc ejii)on yecc mbljA^nA. 

Do 5aV) Lu5A]t> UrhyAPA, niAC DjAjricecr, iiijc Caj-ajjic; 
T»]t)C, Tiijc Nc]T, iii)c JonTsO), yrjo^acr Cjitjofi ceAc|(ACA'o 
bljA^Ain ; '] 31' 6 (-vH Lu"^A]t) j-o o'ojfoiij^ a)nAC OA]lren *]]♦ 
rru|-, mAjt iujiimju^Ar 1)1)a^iia A])* cliA)lr]n jnjen ^OliAg- 
»h6))i, ]»)5 GA|-pA)TU', tjo Imt) l)on r'CocAjt) niAC Gjnc 
V]t> ^oe]^S]0^^^c Fli(^]i-mbol5, -j yA hyn •oa ejy |')n to'eocA'© 
■^^Yi TDAC DuAcoojll, rcO]]-eAG "00 ChuATAjB X)e tJAiiAfi ; 'J 
}|' Icjf An mn<o) yjn t>o hojlet) 'j xsid lef»i]jeti Lug*]'© 
laThJTA'oA ^o be)t ]iVA])tTn "to, -]■]]♦ iti<j cnjiimju^A'o, -j m^ 
onu)]t tijlM"^ r)'6)itMiii; Lu^Ajr clujf.j'oe coiiaj5 diA)lrQ;ii 

l'A]t>C-)1DC]' JtJA Lli^llAI'i*, ') CAj'OCJ'fOA]' t>\\ Cjp, j CCO pillljlo j- 

^n clujre 'o\\ n^ojjir] OljiiijiiAocj-, •) jy 6'ri ciijihnju^Ap 
f]r\ TO fnp Lii^,A]r> 5())]ifc|t lA'ii;nApA "do ('•Allujn Vvgujr, 
.1. TiAj-At) no cujihtiju^A-d) Lv'i^A, A)]t A }fujl rejl ^ejBjof) 
i'hi^'OA)]^ jn-iiiTTi; 'j DO ru]t le rfiAc Ce]ll ] cCson-Djiuim. 

Do ^aI) ATVD%t5"rA mojt ttiac DMB.ojf, ifijcNejti, jtjogAcc 
C)|tjon yccrTTiOTpAcc bi)A^A]n, 'j no (^a^ ]"An bjtvii; -oo 5AjTi 
r]»6 An u}tcai]t to rejig CVjfljoT) A]|t } ccat; 'vJChuiic 
riijjieti. CocAj-D ollAr^ Ajnm ojlj]' An DAi,rA. 

Do f,AT) Doir)sOf, TTIAC QgniA bP]*)"*-')?)!"' ^'M^ GaIat-ajti, 
riijc D^lB^ojf, TTi)C Ncjr, jt'ioj.Acc ejitjon cc-jc mhljA^iiA 
•^\\]% rn]z le Fjaca a ifiAr y<^)n. 

Do ^aV) F]aca niAc Dribujif, |»i<j^a(' r <"')jt)ori rcjc >)ib|jA^- 

714 j^ujt tiijt: le hCuraTi 3 n -jo niB) jc, 

• " ' ^ • ■ Do 


Fomorians in the battle of North IVIoy Tuiry; and before 
that, the Bologues at South Moy Tuirj-. In the first of these 
battles Nooa lost his hand, and in the latter his head* 
. Of the kings of the Thuha Dedanmm. 

Nooa, siherhanded, son of Ecty, son of I'darlaav, son 
of Ordanj son of Indy, soti of Allay, son of Thath, held 
the so*»'ereignty of Ireland thirty years, and fell in the bat- 
tle of North Moy Tuiry by Ealajian, son of Dalway, and 
Balar tht Powerfnlj grandson of Neid. 

Bieas, son df Ealahan^ son of Neid, son of Indy, bOii 
of Allay, reigned seven years in Ireland. 

Looee Longhand, son of Dianceacht, son of EasargBrac, 
son of Neid, son of Indy, reigned king of Irclahd fbrty 
years. This prince first ordained the assembly or fair of 
Taltin, in annual commemoration of Take, dauohter of 
Mavore, king of Spain, who was wife to Eoliy, son of 
Earc, the last king of the Bologues, and was afterwards 
married to Eohy the Rough, son of Duachdall, a chieftain 
of the ThuhaDedannan ; by her Looee Longhand was taken 
care of and educated, until he became fit to bear arm?, 
and in commemoration and honor ofhername he established 
shames at the fair of Taltin, which were observed for a 
fortnight before and a fortnight after Lammas, in imi- 
tation of the Olympic games \ from this commemoration 
the calends of August arc stiled Looliasa, i. e; tlie nasa cr 
commemoration of Looee ; on which day is now celebrated 
the feast of St. Peter's chains. He was killed at leupth 
by Mac Coll at Ctcndrum, 

Daghda the great, son of Dalway, sort of Neid, reighed 
seventy years ; he died tit Bru of the wounds he received 
'from darts thrown at hiiii by Ceiiilen, in the baWe of Moy 
Tury. Eohy OUahar was his proper name. 

Dalway, son of Ogma the observer of the Suuj son of 
Ealahan, son of Dalway, son of N(,"id, was kin-T of Ireland 
ten years, and fell by the hand of Eiaclia his own son. 

Eiacha, son of Dalway, reigned ten year? and svas killed 
by Owen, at Ard Brae. 



Do 5vvl)p\o T]i) m}c Chc(\]>mi\x3(\ injl-Beo}! nuc An Dvt^rA 
A. Tnv;c CujU, niv\c Ct^^cr, *] mAc Sju'-jnc a ii-Anniori<\, 
jfjogtvcr Cjj»)on t]t)o(;At3 hljiJ5a]n, -j <v rc'))i]'o "cjion^ \^e 

A t:e]]i j-i^niAD t)\A])t)5fe ]\»n hah I'C j-joj- : 
Bjot) 6j}^e ]olcj mjle 

pojnjr) rf rr)]it j rtl^e^t^e, 
riA li-*)]t)>]5 50 n-ertcc n-iujllo, 
niAc CujU, m4c Ceact, rriAc ^]k')ne. 
CaiH]]- f]n vij ]io]n rporiAC no 13] earoiijn^ rtcr ]'e4lu)5cat;r 
flA)r]]' 5AC )tc ml)l]iV5i\)n v\5 g<vc .on rjoVj <\]]t UApijB, Ariuvjl 
A t)ulj]um4 iutxy <v5 l(vbvV])tr Ajji <vnmAnu)lj n<v cytjce]-} j ]]' 
) ccrtc Lhv%)lren no tujten,) ] tt]^)u]». ']' iijine jmoiqto 
^o B'*))"^^^^!^ "^'^*^ Cujil, mcic Ccvvcr, •) nuc t>]ie}ne no 
t\i) TTiAcujb ChgJtmAni*, no Ditjg z^u]\ ^h Coll, ') CeAcr, •/ 
5jt]*n jTvv nee (vnajira i)0]h. Coll r|ta p<v nja no riiv^c Co]li, 
^■jnen jj- Ca^u]! |:<v <i]nm njle]- no, 1 B<i;nbA w l)pn. ^*,^v\c 
Ce<vcr jv\}tuifi, Ccrtcc <v njA, r^eAfujj a *]nm, -j Konk a ben. 
%4C 5)ie)ne ; ]ino]»]t<i, T^jijah a n]A, CcAcujt * <»)nm, G)|te 
<V be<vn. O}]ib]-)on cenA (Vjnm njlnj- '^feAiirtilajn, -j ]]- hajo 
jVAjnre]^ loc 0))ib|-jori, 6]]t rtii ran no rocUn <v yejtr, -jp rtfi 
160 Tfiu)n <vn loc fvv f]]t ; ^on^n «\]]t An t^jiojn^j-) a r* ai^ 
ko]n y^ncufv^ ]'0 yjoy- : 

e<vtul> ^n, no irua]l^ TTi]oc, 5^5 An p^ji, 
Coll 4 '©)*, UA An Dii^nA iiajj nub, BAnl)A a bon. 
r,erun rcAil, r]K'An a f}to]n, ^.ejt ] n^jioin, 
Fo-cIa a ben, ni6]{ n-e6r ]io njtiijn, Ceucc jto cjtejo. 
Ceruii c^orh, com A ^ne, yA ]\o|t e, 
C]\ii'. A brn, ben j-jaI j, 'SpjAn a ne, 
'^OvMiAiiAn mac: L)]t on loc, mo j-jji ]'ltor, 
Ojlibpon A rjnm, ]-^ cccn ccAr, eA5 An e^:. 
Do jic)]> ShftlrjiAc ChAji'jl ][• r.jtj bljA^nA t^j-nA no nii 
ci'n yAn ]:lA]fo]*A CuAt nu nAnAU A]]\ GjfijFi, A5 ]o )utni) 
nejpn)iteccvS a)]» ah Ajjieih fo : 

Seor mbljA^nA nocAo )p ceo, 
An r-Aj)>^iii I'jn nocA b^tez;, 
00 ChuACA ne nAnAn 30 n5uj', 
oj* Gjjtjn <» n-A)in ylAi^QAp 


Tlie thrco sons of Carmad Milvcol, son of tlie Daghda, 
namely, Mac Coll, IMac Keacht, and Mac Greine, rcigne<4 
thirty years ; some antiquaries siippose that they divided 
Ireland into three parts ; so a certain poet thus observcK: 

Kiriii, isle of niany thousands, 

In tluee parts lier land divide 

Mac Coll, Mac Keacht, Mac Greine, 

Nobles great of mighty deeds. 
No such divhion, luwever, existed, but they held tlie 
sovereignty alternately for a year, as we obsei-ved before 
when speaking of the names of tliis country ; they were all 
killed in the battle of Talten. The reason why these three 
iionsof (^irmad were stilcd Mac* Coll, Mac Keacht, and 
Mac Gicincjt was because Coll, Keacht, and Grian, or 
the Sun, were the gods whom they adored. Coll then was 
the deity of Mac Coll, but Eahoor was his proper name, and 
BanUa was his wife. Mac Keacht too, Keacht was his god, 
'I'heahoor his name, Fola his wife. Mac Greine had Grian 
for his god, Keahoorhis name, Eire his wife. The proper 
nametooofMannanan wasOrbshen, fromhim LochOrbshen 
was so called, because when his grave was digging the lake 
burst over the land ; of these was sung this historical lay : ' 

li'ahoor great, honor'd he, fierce he was. 
Cull his god, Inight Daghda's son, Banba his wife, 
Thcahoor bold, strong in tight, fierce in war, 
Fola his wife, of wondrous deeds, in Keacht his faith. 
K eahoor fair, fair his form, noble he, 
lure his wife, gen'rous she, Grian his god, 
Maiiuanan, son of the sea, power/ul flood, 
l^rbshen his name, after hundred fights, deatli he met. J 
According to the Psalter of Cashel the Thuha Dedannan 
held the s()\ereignty of Ireland in all 197 years, of tiie 
truth of which calculation the following vers:- is a proof: 

One hundred years and ninety seven, 
jMost true the coinputa*ion, 
Tlie Dedanitcs, a valiant race, 
Held the chief sway in Eiriu. 

* Mac here signiljes a Priest, see Vallancey's Vindication 496. 

•f- Ci*-eine i» the genitive case of Grian. 

+ He was kJlIcil by UiUenii Fasvarderg, son of Cajcher, at the battle of CvUen, 

VOL. I. P 

2i/\r ce2\7:> ie2iB2w, 


Vii\ U'4R^ TRVtCX. 

— •••<9l01<«**- 

Do tojig^vjpecr cjiijo Sciijt 50 jrjtejm Jiphet -jc 

ONNUS 5o-cr)oc]r4o Ijn bunAOAf £}n)r) Scu)c xso Io]t- 
5A))1£ct; 50 }:]tc)ih .1. 50 Japher, «n ojAf nuc )f 0]]tr)^ytc4 
ro bj Ag )(vpher, rr<j a r* ftomei^ '1*20^50^, cu)p)6'Ai^o)]f 
fAn "ocjcriiAo ca'))"c)1 ]n oencj"), ni<j a no(;)n cjKobpcooiloc 
A] J* fljo6* ) Aplicr, 50 )»<t^*TA jt t}i}u]t mAc Ag 'Somejt niAp a 
tA ^fccnej-, KjpliAf, 'J Lo^AjtmA, sjo^w nj Aynmnjl^nn 
50 cjnre clrtfi '^011^505 TO jKJ)}) A n-ATinun. Hia]]*]!' fjn 
t)0 b]iJ5 5up Ab rtj]> j-^^nCACAjB i)n]6 Scujr a t* x)'j:)ACU)5 
cjicobpccojl^-o cjnre tia n-UApAl c'pvp 6 '^lu^jo^ to V<jm- 
mu)Ti, ■)5ohA)p)5re j-l^i^A FhepjiipA P'ajtpuj^;, cujjiy^m 
IJO]' An fo cpvoIii-c\ojle6 fl^^tA ^ihA^oj, to ]t6]p ah l^bAjj* 
JAbt>lA t'i\ TiwO]HfepC)n TpoTTiA ]'Ti5^6rA,'i]'ulrAn)cPacjJA)c 
1 n-C)H)ri T(i V] <vn t-u^TAji pn an. VC5 ]•() nup a Tejj>, 
50 juT)i»TA)> tp)ii|t nivvc iV5'AiA505, n>A|t a ta BiiAf, Jb^Af, 
•jFAfAdcA; 6 Baa^ rinjc Kcnjuj' Fa]»i'U]T, nnj-^]* 6)n]i 
B^taI; () )h^<kt ran^acAp ViiTiApnc|-, Bactpjati), 'j PApt); 
^ FhAtA^r* t%nij(' l't»j>tol6n to Ccat ^aB Ojjijri ]a]i nxsjljn 


B O O K I 

P A R T II. 


Of the tracing of the Scotic raccio their founder Jdphet, ilc. 

To enable us to trace the Scotic race to their founder 
Japhet, it is to be obserxed that his two sons Corner and 
>Iagog were the most celebrated. Moses in the tenth chap- 
ter of^Genesis where he gives the genealogy of the race 
of Japhet, asserts that Gomer had three sons whose names 
were Aschenez, Riphath and Togarmah ; yet he mentions 
not particularly the sons of Magog by their names. More- 
over, as it is on the historians of the Scotic tribe that it is 
peculiarly incumbent to trace the lineage of the prmpes 
sprung from Magog, and particularly of the race of Fenius 
Farsa, we will here set down a detailed account of the 
descendants of Magog, according to the book of invasions, 
particularly denominated the record of Drumsneachta, an 
authority wliich existed before the arrival of St. Patrick m 
Ireland. This states that Magog had three sons, name'y, 
Baah, Ibaah, and Fahaghta. From Baah descended Feinius 
Farsa, the ancestor of the Gadelian race ; from Ibaah sprang 
tlie Amazons, Bactrians, and Parthians ; and from I'ahaghta 
came Pavaloi?, who first settled in Ireland after the dijiuge, 



y-l)occ <»n Fhiiracra ]-o rinjc 'A'rjK^ m6]t 100 6ini* P»inon]»\ 
p* n-a ]-mttcr, 'j 00 bj c]<vn •00 ajnipiJ *>, cojih-m^i-CvVo 
irlajfjp DA IloTTia, *) 'co pcjtjo]- -j r>o •rjl)j}t ViciijlLW, ■] tug 
pm<vx5 jtHAfiVjjt pa'n nlBeaitnujn. )]• o'n Sr]f]^i p')]- 00 
]'1]oct; ^ihagog ro [tc])i an Ijunaoii]]" Zoljophi-j- ]\] iu> 
hllnj t^o B) ] ccoc vo A)ft )ufrini«\nii]' Impjp. Ij- 6"ii Scjf]* 
yoj* rancAt^.vjv Lonc;oh,j-oj, Him^Ajti, *| bor) ii)!e. Ij'p'n 
Scjf]* m^]* vvn cc(!'TnA Daihi], 6 l^^)^^r]♦ DAunjvi yftn 
Gvi'crtjlt^, *j ij- 1 A}nm n* rj)»e ) n-juni ^qiiilja. )]• o'li Sijfj<v 
yoj- rdti^>\r<j na LiiiK-it]^. Ba rram ]♦][•, <v x>v)]i BucariATiiip, 
lojt5<v))te |-^nr<vcrA c}isOl3i-t\ojlre an •coiiiajii ajj* rtjfpjp 
CjijphAnin-, f u)^ 5abat!.| lucr ncv ScjrjA AjivyUjfo]' v;o ^poxD 
] nrjajt^ n<v rjljori, *| 50 ]ii»)B a pplajrep ^]]^ ni<jfiijn =,a lian- 
jU)ft2i- HvV Bivbjlojnc, -j 4 rsejjij-o na hu5'oa}}i Ci'rn* gnji 
«b 6'n Scjr)<v "oo scjbt;)]- na cjtjoc* c)le Jteera -j Tlj^re, -f 
6j<ru]5fe, *j jroi- ^uji ab ]ar> ccjo c)ti]6 to f]on]-<-a]n bt^jr 
on6j»ac "o'ejp rjljne jat). *-^ Teji* Joannep Bajt()n|uj' j-aii 
y. cab. "oo'n t5A}ia leB^ t50 fcjtjob ©0 bcapAjb 4n lijle cjne, 
najt clojtH^o le hajttjrlajfe]- ajjibjr; luct nA Scjrja, -/(Voe]}* 
loj-ephup gujt ab *?iiA505)<v ^Ajpmj'o nA ^l^eA^ujg rso'n 
SqrjA, A x>c]\t loAnnej- NAUclejiU]* 50 rTran^Arajt t>vO)n« 
*}^ flpc^ HA ScjcjA k' ncciinao gn'jonia jto ihoju. B]o6 
« fjA^nujf] ]-]n A]jt Hejiocoruj' fAn 4 leba]t, m^j a n-Abu)]i 
^u]^ t))bj)]orA}t lucr nA Scjrj* Dajtjuj' p] na I'l-jij-ja aj; 
«n Sc'jrjA z<) nifti'Iu]5fec. Bjot) 4 FJ*5nii)i"] H'l *))♦ Juj-- 
tjnup ) n-A fTa)]t majt a nocran appacru]' nA n^nji^in -co 
jtjTK^r^ lucr na ScjrjA, ^ 45 j-o b)i]Af }u An i'ista)11]j, " Do 
** bAt5A|t no ^nat lucr na ScjrjA ^An cuiriACt coj^cjtjoc loo 
*' buajn ])]u, n<j "00 bjtejr- 4 mbuAjri. Do "PJl>J}tn*^ b^ 
*' mA]'lii)5r»^c l)a}^)uj- )i) na Pe]»p]A ap An ScjrjA ; tq 
" n)Aj>bArA)» CjiKip 50 Ijon 4 pluAj^, t)u IcjppcjtjopA'b loo 

^' Zophjfton 


as well as Nevvy son of A<rnavan ; aii'l consoqtie.ntly thr 
Boloi^ues and Thiiha Dcdannaii, as we mentioned above, 
in giving their account ot" tlieir several de'<(iMiis upon Ire- 
land. Of the race of this Fahaghta too came the great 
Attila wJio subjected Pannonia to his sway, continued long 
to harniss the Roman power, laid waste and depopulated 
Aquileia, and made many desolating incursions into Ger- 
many, From Scythia, too, descended of the line of Ma- 
gog,, was Zeliorbes king of the Huns, who made war upon 
the Emperor Justinian. Hence too, came the Lombards, 
Himgarians, and Goths. From Scythia also tltc Dauui, 
from whom Daunia in Italy is so called, but named at this 
day Apulia; from Scydiia came the Turks likewisow But 
jn short, Buchanan, an investigator of the ancient history 
of the world^ asserts, after Ki)iphanius, that the Scythian* 
obtained universal dominion shortly after the flood, and 
tliat their sovereignty existe<l till the captivity of Babilon ; 
and the same autliorsaffiim that other nations received in- 
*?titutes, lawsj and ordinances from the Scythians, and that 
they were the first peo})le who rose to dignity and conse- 
quence after the deluge. Johannes Baronius, in the ninth 
chapter of the second book of his history of the manners of 
all nations, says, that t]ic Scythians were never sul)jected 
by any other power; Josephus affirms that Magogia is the 
name by which the Greeks denominated Scythia. Johannes 
Nauclerus says that there were many of Scytliian descent 
who performed noble exploits. Witness this Herodotus in 
his fourth book, where he mentions that the Scythians drove 
out Darius, king of Persia, disgracefully from Scythia. 
Witness this Justin also, where he exposes the gallantry 
of the aoti(Tns performed by the people of Scythia ; these 
are the expressions of this amhor, " The Sc\ thians were 
" ever free from the impression of foreign subjugation. 
*' They drove Darius, king of Persia, disgracefully out of 
"Scythia; they slew Cyius with his whole army; they 



'^ Zoph)jion '"vOjj-ei fluA]^ ?dex&nt»e]t rh6)]i 50 n-4 j-lu45. 
*• Do fiuaUt?.] nep- na KoiiidriAC *] njoit ifiotuj^ fjA-o jtjAm 
*' c." vi|* riA b}t]vAf ]t%\]B|-) ]f ]nf U)5te ^ujt mojt 411 ialmacc 
■J 4n 6]»oract 00 13j j if n]j»]Fi nA Scjrja 50 liA]mi']]t ah u^- 
Ti]\i pn, ^' re]]i Pol]Oj»on]con j-ap 37 cab. 'oo'n6(^)t> V^B^jt, 
^u]t db o'li )}-ocalj-o Scj-jA t;<v)l^iTiceii Scujt- x>o j-ljoct 
^hjO)-6]l 5lA]f, "J JO {f)oj- D4rhj nj c6)u Bojll to t:Abui]tc 
«}]< dn -Djiojnf 4 ra ag d]rju^<vt) ] n-ejjf]n vino)f X5i n^ojjir^^ 
BojU 6 bhalljA .1. 6'n R-'jiajnc to jt^)]* <v mbiinATa]-<v, jni 
Scu]t; to rabu)]tr 4)]t 'Sh.OjTg^lujb 6 Scjrja 6 tr^in5v^Ta]♦ 
fcjn, CO jtcjjt ,1 mbunaoapa ; j jp u]me j-jn 50)]tr5]t Bjt^a- 
511)5 ScjrjA TO •pljocr Fh4c4cc» ifijc "^^-'iAgog, to ^aB f l^jf e|* 
J n^orjd *] ) cCjidcjrt, *] ] n-?(c4]4, m<j a rd Pa}trol6ii mac 
S^jtA 50 n-4 c]ig,bA, NejTheT itiac vi^ndmujn 6 )i*]Tro]» 
cUfiA Neim]T, y]]i B0I5, -j r^uar a tc TAiiAn, to Bjij^ ^ujt 4b 
6'n Scjr]A to jiejji a mbunATA]-A ]At. v^S^f TTigiHijm 511]$ aH 
ij)me sojjirei^ Scu]- 50 cjure to j-ljofic bkojTjl ifijc NjujI, 
mjc Fe)n)U)-A ir^M^r^JS* "00 B]tj5 ^ujt Ab to Fhejnjuj' y^f Ajg 

|»A]T1]C Al^Tylajfop TIA Sc]r]A, -] T'a fljOCr 3 n-A TJA15, ^ujt 

*b c Njul TTiAc rAHAjire Fejnjuj'A, ^ riA6 jfUAjjt c6mj■^o)nn 
cjijcc A)]i bioc ATTiA]! yuAjtAT^ c6m-mb]H)7-)te FejnjUj-* 
C]t30CA Af ^j hAjnmnyj^T jat yejii 'j a )'l)occ, ujme yjn to 
6}tTU)5 Njiil t'a I'ljocr ]at jrejn to ]-lonATO*n Scjcja 'j Scujr; 
To rAbA)]tr T'Ajiirn o]1]ia to ]'jo]i, to bjtj^ nac ]»A)b pejtofi 
A]]t bjr J n-A fcjlb, 1 iisj yA^ujb a at-ajJi Act yoc^jnA n-elA- 
TATi ] 11A n-]lbc-A]tlAT m^ jfiitie aJqC )A)t jj-vv^bA]! }»)05ACt;A 
iiA ScjrjA ^An ]tojfi A5 NeriuAl, ah itiac yA pne ]n<i Njul. 

^ ccjii)r cii]T TO iiA hu5TA]iA]b LajTne ^"l^Ab ttiac to 
^)»j;ny i> » t^; C>e(;}U)py to j,Ab ylA)r^y ha b'%Vitj;)V] 5s06a1, 
^)T£T n) yc')T)it I'jii TO bcjc yjl+jnec, to \)\\]i ^o 7i-AbA)jt 
-S, %g\ijTjn 5u]i Ab 6 uAjji TO fjoni'CAjn ylAjr^y lu Tjtojnse 


•' cutoff in like manner Zophyron, ilie general of Alexander 
•* the great, with all his forces ; they had heard indeed of 
*' the Roman jjower, but never felt it" From these words 
It may be conckided that tiie Scythians retained tlicir groat 
valor and courage to this author's time. It is asserted also, 
in the 37th chap, of the first book of Policlnonicon, that 
it is from this word .Scythia, tliat the descendants of Ga>yal 
or Ga.'l Glas are called Scot^, and as far as 1 know, it is not 
more proper to call present English inhabitants of Ireland 
Goill or Galli from Gaul or France, from whence they came, 
than to call the Ga?ls by the name of Scots, because tiiey 
originally came from Scythia ; for this reason it is that the 
descendants of Fahaghta, son of IMagog, who obuiincd so- 
vereignty in *Gothia, Tlwace, and Achaia, viz. Parabn, 
son of Shara, with his people, Nevvy, son of Agnavan, 
from whom the Nevvians are denominated, the Bologues, 
aud the Thuha Dedannan, are called the Greeks of Scy- 
thia, because they were originally from that coxintry. In luy 
opinion too, the reason why the descendants of Gsel, son of 
Niul, son of FeniusFarsa, are particularly called Scots is 
because it was this Fenius Farsa and his posterity that ob- 
tained the sovereignty of Scythia ; and that Niul the jounger 
son of Fenius, came in for no division of icrriton', lik*' the 
brothers of Fenius who got possession of countriea, whence 
they and their descendants were particularly denominated ; 
on that account Niul enjoined his posterity to designate 
themselves from Scythia, by perpetwally calling themselves 
Scots ; whereas they had possession of no ten-itorx', and 
Niul had no other property left him by hjs father, but tJie 
benefit .of the sciences and various laneuatjes ; leaving 
the undivided sovereignty of Scythia to his eldest son 

Some Latin authors assert that Gitl was son of Argus, ot 
Cecrops, who king of the Argives, but that cannot be 
the fact, because St. Augustine informs us, that tliat family 

* i. e, Sicily, see Vallancey's Vindication, p. aSSi probably it means the 
country of the Getje, a people of TUract, 


rjn An ran oo jtu^ao JacoI), j cci^u o.\ bljv^^Ajti tjcAj; jp pjie 
<»))* ccjrj^e ceo o'^ip 'ojljiie, •; yop xso jte)]! ati u^tjajjt cet>iiA 
Tiiic }i<vjbe fUjref <v flecra j-jn A)]* bun Acr cuj^ bljA^n* 
t)tiA5 )f o» curs, 1 TA jic)l> ]*)n ^ujt Ab ) cceu G(S7 mbljA^nA 
nY'jp 'Djlpe, -oo ci^jocnui^po^ >"'*)^£r '"•* bA)cmc. ^cc 
C(^nA nj yejfjjt pn oo bcjr; p)]i)noc, "i a jtAo 511]^ Ab o ^i]i- 
^uj- no 6 C\'cpoj)j- DO f)ocf At) KocaI, 6-\]i a rc))t Hecto]* 
Boetjup ) ]TA]it iiA b^ilbAii, 'I lobA)|* ^Ab^Kv (^)]i]()n ii^le, 
j,u)i Ab )u; Vjn %h<())i'] 00 be)f, j-An Ggjpc ) ccenui' clo]?ie 
Ij-juel 00 b) Scojojl j-An Ck;^))?. VvS^f p'>l" a t)e)]i)r nA I'^bAjjt 
^AbAU 5ii)t Ab piv'n Ain j-jn jiu^ ScorA, jn^en Plu>]»aj Cjn^- 
c)*)]', B^oaI 00 N|ul niAf Fe)n]upA 7A)trAp, ni]c Baaf, 
ni)c "^A^o^, 1 Ji' e Ain j:^ r;jor.|-CA)n "^O))]-) cf^ruij- r^.'onA 
tJO WAnAin A]]t clojii } j-}i<el j-An O^jpr, ) cc^n 797 mbljA^^nA 
tj'ejp nA tijljon ; jormi- ro iic)]t An Aj}t)iii Ajnippe, 5a pAjb 
tUAjjJjni r|») ci'-o l)l]A5A]n, j cu]5 bljA^nA jj- t)vv j-jcjt) l^e a 
cojf 6 Ajnip])^ ''►*^PS"r '^"^ Cccjto])]- 50 Jiu^Ao "BvOoa!, -^ 
CA jiie]}i fjn n) be]t5j]t B.ooaI do beju n-A niAc aj; ^Ji^tip 
tiA Aj Cec]topj-. &p 1)6 pup A 'DcAjiAt) guji Ab 6'n nBjajg 
t)0 rjtjAll Ro)t5)l t5o'n G^jpc '] ^\\]i Ab u)mc a ■oo]ytfo|i gu]* 
Ab 6'n Sc)r]A do cuajd Do'n t'sjp'^, t5o bjij^ ^ujt Ab 6 

tAlATTl Cctjn Tn^ f^^jICf U^OAJfJ D'A]}l)5f0, DO f:p)All, "^ 

t)A i>e)|t j-jn j;o i\-AbA)]t ^n)i Ab pian ScjrjA, ■( ]Ar nA 
]'C£c ; ]Ar, jmojqto, ah rAn T:a]5T-ej^ Aj)t p6n An yocAjlpj 
f^jjon e, b) rh no dH j n-A Dcjji^o, n'.,| a ta po, ]Ar 
no )ad; Sjo^t) An tah pcpjobr^ »n jroCAlpo 'Sfjr)A, n] bj 
cj n-A Ia|» ni>} but? cojjt ) n-A pAiiiA)! do con'i-pocAl, ] 
pop nj bj rli nA Dh j n-A Dejjii^D, -j ta jiejji pjn nj pujl 
«ct; b^ATiiiijl ^<\n b^^Anrijp, a rh<^p 5u]i Ab jriAU ScjrjA do 
pi.')]t pAMApAjn Bx))f')l5;% '] TTAlAin nA pc(^c. 

JplA^ m^ An cccrnA, ati pujoju^AO Ajjt BhsOjtjjl do to)- 
■o^cr 6'n nBpr)^ do ju'j)i buriAOApA, a jtiiD 50 ntbjAD cop- 
niujl^p A5 pljocc Bhwjrjl j n-A nibcApAjb, ]) n-A nopnjb 
-J J n-A crlti)C)D]b J1C bju'A^Ajb, jujnic pjn 50 iVA)beo}vriO) 



began to reign about tlie time that Jacob \vas born, wlucH 
<vas about 432 years after the flood ; and the same author 
:iUo\vs that his family held the sovereignty but 215 years; 
from whence it follows that the reign of that line terminated 
about 667 years aftef the deluge. It is iinpossible then 
that this could be true, if we admit that Ceel was descerid- 
cd from Argus or Ceciopsj for, Hector Boetius, in His 
Iiislfcry of Scotland, and all the books of conquests of 
Ireland, affirm tliat the Gaels were in Kgypt at the time 
that Moses ruled tiie children of Isra:l there. Moreover 
*he books of conquests or invasions inform us, that aBoilt 
this time Scota, daughter of Pharaoh Cingcris, b'dre Ga^I 
to Niul, son of Fenius Farsa, son of Baah", son of Magog. 
The time that Moses begaii to govern the Isnulites in Egypt 
was about 797 years after theflddd ; and, according to that 
coniputation, there were about 3t5 years from the time 
of Argus or Cecrops till Ga:rl was born ; so that it is impos- 
sible for Gael to be a son of Argus or Cecrops. W^hoevec 
still would assert that it was from Greece tliat Greyal travelled 
into Kgypt, and that the reason of its being said that it vvas 
froiu Scythia he went thither, is because it was from Setin, 
according to a certain author, that he emigrated, would 
Accordingly appear to say that Scythia is the same as " iath 
na sci'ach, i. e. *' the Land of Tliorns." But iath, when if. 
hieans land, terminaltes with th or dh. However in writing 
the word Scvthia there is no c in the middle, us would be 
necessary in the supposed cojupound, nor docs it termina!tfe 
in th ox dhy and therefore it is an uiifoundivl conjecture 
totliink that Scytliia, according to Ga-iic efymology, is the 
same as " the Land of Thorns." 

It is also a verv weak proof of tlie Gccls having ccmc 
originally from Greece to argue that there exists a resem- 
blance between the Irish and Greeks in their mariners, cm- 
<onrs, and games, and that consc quentlv tlicy came irom 

\OL. 1. (X GreeCej 


) n-6jji]n t)'c]p •ojljon, Act pjne ■5a)jre.l, -j ckru\ i\c)nio;6 
<vTi),»3n, )]• 6'n n5)ic)5 rangdT^, m*j a ris l\v)ttol6n 6 '■^>)5- 
t50Ti)4, yjp Bhoig 6'n cjjacja ') cuvvtrt re oaiifln 6'n ?tc*j*, 
m^ A }pu)l Beor)A -| oArajjt ha h'^ijrne. v<j|» ati atjBa)! y)n 
g)on 50 jit>bAr>^ PA no)]' r.'o iia bcApv uo ha n"5)»tA5AC <P^ 
fjne OsOjo^l pe trecc j n-(3j}t}n r6)lj, ■po b'j:e)Tj))» leo a 
jfojlujni 6 jA)nTiA}t cliUAr re rAnAn, 'j yQi> niBolf; no bi 
JiotnpA J n-6jj>jri, -J A ifA^biijl A])^ Ajfjre aj^ a ]-1)occ ts'A 
Ti-i?)f, 5pn 50 ](AbAr^ ycjn fAn nbjic'j^ J*]*ib, nA B^ocaI, 
riA ncAC cjle ra rrvinjc jJompA. 

2t/V* Z)2U?2l C?l6)2)jL. 

?i'5 fo j-joj' ro rAl<»)b Fcjnjnj-A rAp]-Air, yon atajj^ 


I R mbejr n'rhepijuy y^ipiji; n-A jt]5 Ajjt ah Scji-^a, 
t)o riigj- Y)v]t ^o )to coIac 1]' nA bjlbojilArajb tAjt eji- An 
cojTfi-mei-CAT) r^lA CjAn Jtojiiie jjn a)Jj ^^^ ro^^x,tu]\) a^ 
Tojt nA BAbjlone, ro bj t>'A r65bA]l r.]»e UAb*j le jie -oa fjcir 
bljAJAjn A5 Nymnot) 50 n-A ]*Anru]b, 6]p ]*ul fvinjc An 
cojin-in^pcAo Aj}t nA rc^ngrAib A5 An Top, )]• ^on ronc;»v 
flTTiAjn cojccjOM ro b) a^ nA rsOin]b ro b) a]]i nujrAjn aia 
6 ^rAib AniiAf, '| ]]' i' A)nm f(J)|t)r u^rAjjj nA ^sojrjljo 
-h] ^u]]»r]5£lMi, Aiiia)l A rcjjj An y)lo yAii jiap jo: 
5(>)ltr;)5^'jni A^nni ah beApU, 
r'j bj A5 .ini\c \J(' Tt-'j^-t^jt^nA, , 
•( A5 j']ol VioAjin UA]]i, 
j»)A ccLuhrAC AH r;iji> NcnijtuAjf. 

Ij-^r 5A))?in)o nA bu50Aj]> LAjrne rj I)ti5iiA hiiniAHA .i", 
<rfi ^^TigA '6^)Y\.\, tJ^S^ <^JI* ^bejt Ag -o^bajl an tii)]> xv> 



Greece ; for, the several invaders of Ireland after the de- 
luge, except the .Grcls and Nevvians alone, set out from 
Qfeece ; so Paralon proceeded from Mygdonia, the Bo- 
logues from Thrace, and the ThuhaDedannan from Achaia, 
near Beotia, and the city of Athens. For which reason, 
though the Gals did not upon their arriyal in Ireland ob- 
s^erve the luamiqrs and customs of the Greeks, yet they 
might have act^uired them from such of the Thuha Dedan- 
nan and Bologues, their ]iredecessors, iis yet remained iu 
tlie country, and left th(?m to be observed by their posterity, 

although they never were in Greece themselves, nor Garl^ 

r.or of their predecessors, 

.C H A P T E R II, 

^in account of the proceedings of Fenius Farsei, Grandfather 
of G(el, S(c. 

JI? ENIUS Farsa being king of Scytlria, was desirous of 
jjecoming skilled in tlie various languages that sprung 
long before his tirjie from the confusion of tongues at the 
' Tower of Babel, which Nimrod tluough pride spent forty 
years in erecting ; for, from the time of Adam till the con- 
fusion of toqgues at that tower, there was but one univer- 
sal language amongst mankind, this language is called by 
}rish authors Gortiyern, as the poet observer in the follow-, 
ifig verse ; 

Gortiyern the language named, 
Which the skilful, noble Adam, 
Formed by God, and all his race 
Used before proud Niuirod's to\ver. 

This is called by Latin ^vriters Lingua humana, that is, 
l^e language of man j but when Nimrod and his brothers 




t;T£,n5cujl3 t>'4 trojjtniedro 6 cjijocnujftt) An t\\^\s fu 
rjonj-cna-o leo rjte-uabdji, tso bgitAo an T§in^A -OsOfiv^ yUsjv^'o^j 
6 ?^t)Air. Pjol) an Ijon to Vxtr^ Ag rojljail an ruj]i ; 5)'c^o 
•CO pn ]-) ^5 C)V)j^]t nwc Srtjlo ') 45 a rjiejB, jonu)- ^ujv 
]ujnmn)J5;,r3 uaif j, ni,4 50 rru^f^eAbjt* ujjt j<e 6 6j1)£]i. 

]]- e A-bB^ piojiiio ))■ mo j:4 nt^cAp Fepjuj- pAppuji, 
t;o ^Oa5 Sc,n,i-i]» iru] ;on ]te nA f co]l, m,j c^riAd aj}* bcjt ) 
jfOCAjli nA r]to)n5f rviji r^n^A 'rjl^f An Cf^BjtA lonu)' ^o 

rr)oc]:At> re rj'i PJlK'o^"r T"1^"P* ^^ ^^)^ *)B^ F^P 'I *S 
A VCo)l ji' An ron^^^p eabjtA. OaIa FejnjUj' A)}t mbejf too 
iiiin Ajre bejt coIac jj- nA h]Uk'Ai»lAjb, aiha)! a rubjiAmsj, 

cuii'Qr ^'^ rc]r'^]f>^iAi F'^'^b I nn y)C)^ ^*)i< * copuj* pt-jti 

f A c}tjocA]b eA5|-AnilA nA trjij jtan |;o t?o'n poiimn 00 bj 
*ll* Ajqu^A-o'An rAn f)n, ') rug ojijtA pAnAnnijn a nuijc 
■prcc nibljA^nA, £o jpotloniA^ ^ac <^n t)job reti^A nA cjtjce 
] n-A nibjAt) y<^^]n au y^^ nn ; -j ] cc^fi feet nibljAgnA rjlljo 
r.j A 11-Aji' 'oo'n ScjrjA, •] tejo Ju;)n]uj' leo 50 nmg 8cnA])i 
in^xin ]ic lijonuo t^'o^Ajb nA SrjrjA )^ Jf^itT'^jl <*" '^J<' f* 
■}-)ne Ajc;e .'i. NchuaI ) crrnu]- ) n-A jonAo pjn, auiajI-^ 
■PC)]! Aii pie,* i-an wiAjnfe : 

Do lujD Kejnjur ^\ <^'^ ^<^FJ'*i 

' ■ yo]i |-aii ]-liiA5Ap, 
T*^]* o]|ie5t>A, Oj^iiAj'o, folAc, • 
b]tUTnj^, buAOAc. 
I;a ha)n-b£)ilA b'»] r<^" looniAn, 

\X\<\ CO gAbj-AP, 

TA bLMjvli TeA5 vMl* f^l^j KK)'"' 
rAn |to pCsij-Ati. 
Scol rii6j» le Fejnjni" a^ p5lu)m, 

]:<;;p AOAniJiA efnuj'o eolAr, 
ATi 5AC bg)tiA. 

' ,1. 'o^ivolTni'.jiie 


iiaomjucd to erecjt tlie tower, tlieir language was rend<?ic4 
coiifusccl, ill order to prevent tl)em from finishing a struc- 
ture which their pride had prompted them to begin, and 
the original language which they had received from Adam, 
was taken from all that \yere concerned in bujlding it. It 
was retained however by Eiyer or Heber, son of Sala, and 
his followers, and from hiui called I|ebrew\ 

The inincipul reason which induced Fenins Farsa to go 
to the plain of Shenar wjth his school was, to be constantly 
along with those whose native language was Hebrew, in or- 
der that he and his scholars might o,btain a complete and 
perfect kfiowledge of that sacred tongue. Fenius however, 
being determined, as we mentioned, to become skilled iu 
the various languages, dispatched at his own expence at- 
yenty two persons of learning to the several countries of 
the three parts of the world at that time inhabited, and 
commanded them iq remaiij abroad for seven years, that 
each of them might learn the language of the countr}? in 
which they wore to reside during that time ; upon their 
return to Scythia at the ex^jiration of seven years, Fenius 
Farsa i(;t out with them to the plain of Shenar, bringing 
with him a great number of the Scythian youth, and leav- 
ing his eldest son Nenuat to govern the kingdom in his 
ftead ; this is noticed by the poet in '^he following lines : 

From Scythia did king Fenius go, 

' And his great host, 
A man noble, sage, prudent, wise^ 
Strongj trmmphant. 
Pne langu^ige \n the world there was, 
■ AV'hen Jipeech began. 
Into twice thirty tongues and twehe, 
Soon it branched. 
Great school of learning Fenius had, 
' In all science. 
A ti:uly noble gage well skill'd. 
In each language. 




^ rei]«i"o n<v ]-em*fA ^iijt ab r]«j pjcp lj|jAi,4)n ro I'm 
f) rL-anam «in ruil» F*^ txau^c Fe}n]up ^on-A j-cojl a rruAjr; 
','n Scjrja 50 itia^; SenAi]i, ni,j a •cv\]i An j-jle : 

Ljjj yji")'^ ^^b'^c'^)" E^ niblojr, 
jj-er) AT yeio ^ac j-nncojt), 
fo TrATijc Fe]n]U)* a rriiAp, 
yi ccinurAc ah rii}}; NriujniAjt?. 

Cii]]io]" Fcpjiii- ]"co1a 1 n-A i-uj-oe, ]»e nmiiAr tia n-)!- 
.boplAib Ai]t iT)A5 SonAin r.Mi ccv^T-jtiij^ t5'A n^Ajpnien C'jji 
-DltomA ]-necrA \Vrhen%c. "CjtiolAj'o <0f 65 tia crjijoc -00 
t/ro)C]-) r6]ft r'fo^liijm riA n-)lbe}ilATj uAf.v, T ]i" jAf rjij 
]-^}re ro b) ] n-Ajtrc^nup pa j-cojIo ]-]u .1. Fcjuju)' y^ini]^ 
o'n ScjrjA, *| BvOt^aI uiac Cat-pjI*, r»o |-l]o6r fthontej]!, 6'n 
nsjJ^-jtJ T ^■^^J c->o]i^b}j]Af|ii\c, no e,o)jib]iefAC (Vn Ju-oeA, 
no )au nn\c N^itia, AmAjl a tcjlt An j:jlc ]'An jian yo : 

9v^ ]-o AnniAfiA nA j-UAti, 
s\ ci^jj-A ]t]b 50 iU)-Viuvf, 
SsOoaI niAC Giifo)]! 50 niii]', 
jA]t mAc NeniA -j Fenju)-. 

^S ]*o m.j A •cc]if yjle ejk; a}]» An njt) cccr«nA ; 

F^^in]!!]" An fjco) yitefAc, 

b.n'TAl, ]]' CtO] CiO)nb]iof,\r, 
r]i]ii]i t^() rjiob i"c)i)b)n ]to1, 
tDo Irn t^'nJ>-t']Tib i'** n-u^rvj. 
If ]A-o An r]t)ii)» po r)0 fcjtjob ] cf]iAn-rA)bl)b A]b5)r)>c 
TiA TTp] bj)it']ri)-'5eA]tlAf), m^J a tA Ov\b]tA t'lu-j^ij', ■) La^- 
tsen, •CO iU*))j ni^ cujjtep Conjr.olA nA yo^lAnu yjoj- t' j n-A 
UjtAjpop- Tjo j'cjtjob ) li-*]inj'}it Cholujni C)lle. ^C 
t>e])i An T-u^r'^ ceonA ^up Ab v Njon niAt- Pojl, ni)c N)ni- 
jjor, y* bAHrylA)f yAn r>oiiiAn An "rAn yjn, a '^0]]^ yoy 
511)* Ab y»"n Am yjn pn^Ar N]ul .1. inAC rAnAjyre Fhein]nyA 
T^r"]5' 'I ?''l^ V'>)1M& '^'"t')'t3'-'r ci'rnA yjce bl)At,A)n 6y ((^fi 
TiA ycojlc |)n ms) c^mc A])* An niAc yjn jMi^ao ro t>o bc]t 
CoIac iy MA bilbvAjtlAjb ; Do "0|»)5 511)1 Ab j ccril ta bljA^Ajn 

' ' i.r 


Our Shauachies assert that it was sixty years from thft 
building of the Tower of Babel, till Fenius with his school 
came from Scythia in the north to the phiiii of Shenar ; as 
tlic poet thu< observes : 

Three times twenty years complete, 
So all anticiuaries say, 
Till Fenius set out from north 
After* th(3 days of Ninu-od's tower. 
Feniits fotirided a school for the \arious languages at tiie 
plain of vShenarj near the city called in the book of Drum- 
sneachta die city of Athens. Here all the youth of the 
neighbouring nations assembled to be instructed in lan- 
guages. The three learned persons who presided over the 
school were Fenius Farsa, Gfryal, son of Eahor, of the 
race of Goiner, and Khee the eloquent or of fair decisions, 
from J ud ca^ or lar, son of Nca a ; as the poet thus obser\ es : 
The names of these learned sages, 
(iuickly I will shew you, 
\\\'re Ga-vai, son of pleasant Eahor, 
lar, Neva's son, and Fenins. 

Another poet thus expresses himself, on the same sub- 
ject : 

Fenius, a sage most learned, 
Ga;yal, and Khee, friend to truth, 
'I'hree who taught letters in the school, 
And sliew'd tlie true sense of authors. 

These three iriscribed on wooden tables the alphai)ui.s 
of three principal languag'es, viz. Hebrew, Greek, and. 
Latin, as we are infornied by Canfala the learned, m his 
Uraicept, or grammatical precepts, written in the time of 
Colunj Kill. The same autlior says that Ninus, or ?sin, sou 
of Pel, son of Nimrod, was monarch of the world at thai 
Time ; and remarks farther, tliat Niul, the second son of 
Fenius Fars;i, was born aliout that time, and that I'enins 
continued twenty years as president of the school, in order 
that his son uiigliL become perfectly skilled m tlie different 
J:inguages. JSioce it was in the forty secu:*!'d year of the 



jr -oA jjip x>o jU]i^Y ^1^ "^'^^ P*-")^ * t!0}|i)t> t>}ion5 )ie 
j-eniui- T)o |'U]i5jU5<v6 fcol ] mS^ S«^n<v)i» le Fe)n)Li|- y^r»)?:< 

P6]l 1 t>e)c Tiibl)<\5ncv t:a ejf f]n ,»)!♦ itia]^ S^tia]]* ful w 
r)ll 6"n j-co}! co'ii Scjrja, 6)H a ccji^jo ha yencAtiA u]le 
^uji Ab y]6e bl)A5A)n w CA)t Aj- con ha j-co)le J^e rr^cr 
t^ A)f t)0. '^>^i-A]ni ^roj-, Suj* <*!-> ] cc.on ca BIja^ajp )f r<> 
jrjdjr A)it t)A t6x> t)'e)i- ha Pjlefi r>o j-uj^-ju^At) ah ]-coUe 
re)Ti)ur <»)^ ni*B ^eriAjis 00 j'tcjn ah <»jl»)m Ajnifjl^e t)0 
£n'j Bel^mjn ) n-A cjtoinjc, ni^ a n-AbA]j< S'^P *^^ "^ ^r *^ 
t>oTTiA)n, nr]le -j oct ccC-o •] fc bljA^nA ruA^ •) -oa yi(]"P ati 
rATi to fjoni'CAjn Njon niAc Pi'jl ^-oylAjrei- 100 ^aIja]!, joriAnf 
y)Ti CO jt^)]* «)j»)ni TiA n-eAb)ni)5£C, lcnr>j Ic Bt-l^min, i 
5ul» Ab TTijle -] ye ceo -) ye bIjApu loeA^ jp "oa y]c)z t>o ti 
otuy ooiiiAin &oo')l)ri, "i c'^ji'^'iP '^'If D" ^»v V)l)-V^Ajn ly 
TA yjcjr r>o yU'vjf^y N'jn ^co cAjf^r. yul -60 f]OTiyc-AiTi Fcjniny 
iin ycol, pnuy -oa \t6)\t y)n 5u]» Ab ] ccen ta bl)AwA)n ]y 
t»A y)C)t> A]]» -CA cer> t)'cjy ma x^jlen 00 f jonycAjn ], ■) 5n]> 
Cv\if yjce bljA^Ajn oy <i' cen, m^ a -a,' ha tcjc niblVA^iuv 
CO bj i^ejriie tjo ylAjr-gy Njn, ') t)C)c nibljA^nA oa e]y. Vicr. 
^eiiA 3 cc^fi yic^-o bljvV^A^n t]^ Fc)niiiy -sj ^]y ^"'" ^^J'J'H 
'I '^■''))'tr Fo^'^ ) '^''^ y")~oe ]nrc, -jro jiyni' r.ojyoc 00 "FtbvOrAl 
iTiAC eAro]]t uy A cc^fi. )y Afi ]']n ru5 Fejnjuy yA fr]»A 
A)it BIivOoaI, ATI BiiuDjrol^ '^'^ ^"1» ] Ti-«?5H 'I 1 i>-<'l'''=^"5"*'^ 
m^J A rA yj ) n-A cnjj co-CA'jbV in.j a ra 1.)<'a]»1a ha Icjiie, 
bt-A)tlA HA iF)ls;o, beAjtlA C.\-o,jyc^tA, bc'A]tlA L( )bj6(-, 'C 
BnArbt'-AjilA, -j A hA^nniHju^A-o' ^o cjiire oa jic]p y)H iiAp 
yi-jH ; ^OHAo ^ bh.ot)Al thac CAfoj)* t;c\i]kmfo]> KcjoH^ 
ti), ^ TiAC 6 Tih^otiAl fcUy, ahkv)! a •oc))()'o citoH5 v]\v ; ■) yoy 
)p rjic bAp jK- BvOoaI niAC C*Afo]p, ru^ Niul thac f'(-]H]ayA 
y^yn]^, 'SvOoaI <\j]i a ni>vc ye)H )ui^ Scorcv jti^ph i*h,\]tAi> 
CjTijcjJjy "00, ahia)1a 'oc]]i C'rHy.olA ha yoz;K\niA yAH "L1]ia1- 
c(^\ir. Bjci^o, ]j- cVyr ajji iii"o.ja]b cju'-o o )yn]l en yucAlyvv 
?.ocaI ; A t)C)J> BucAHAHiip ^ii)k .\h tVn jyoCAlpv 'E,or)i)Ti, .1. 


J-eign of Ninus, son of Pel, as antiquaries inform us, that 
tlie scliDol was establi-ihed by Fenius at the plain of Shenar, 
I therefore suppose tliat he continued there during ten years 
of Xinus's reign, and for the space often years after, be- 
fore he returned to Scythia, for all historians inform us 
that he spent twenty years presiding over die school before 
he returned. I am likewise induced to believe that Fenius 
founded this school at tiie plain of Shenar, two hundred 
and forty-two y ears after the flood, fromihe computation of 
Bellarmine, who says in hi.'i chrdnicle that itwasintlieyear 
(Jf the world 1^36, that Ninus, son of Pel, began his reign, 
which allow-:, according to the Hebrew computation which 
Bellarmine followed, 1 G56 3ears from the beginning of the 
world to the deluge, to which we are to add forty-two years 
of Ninus's reign, that were sjient before Feiiiusl)egr.n his 
school, so thiit according to that calculation he founded the 
school 'M2 years after tlie flood, arid spent twenty years in 
liianaging if, ten years of thb reign of Ninus, and ten years 
afterwards. At tlie expiration, however, of these twenty 
years, Fenins returned to Scythia, and established semi- 
navies of leai-ning there, and nj)pointed Gscyal, son of 
Eahor, as president over them. Ferdus then commanded 
Gnoyalto regulate and digest the Ga-lic, or Irish language, 
into five parts or dialects, as it now is, vi;^. the Fenian, po- 
etic, historic, Theban,* and common dialects, and to name 
them generally from himself; so that it is from Gieyal, son 
of Eahor, that it is called Gxlic, and not from Gaeyal Glas, 
as cithers inriagine, It was also from friendship and affectiori 
for Gieyal, son of Eahor, that Niul, son of Fenius Farsn. 
gave the name of Gseyal to his son whom he had by Scota, 
daughter of Pharaoh Cingcris, as Canfala the learned men- 
tions in his grammatical precept?. It is a question however, 
among authors from whence this word Cieyal (Gaodhul) is 
derived ; Buchanan says, that it is from the words goethirii 
VOL. I. R noble, 

* Usually translated the physlciaas' dialect. See Vftllanccy, 


.!. u4)*a1, -] 6'u j£ocal]U, ijl, ,1. v!j](', A T5C)]tre]v a,o;^v\l .;. 
uapAl ujle ; no 6'ti [fOcal eftl)j<u)5ac, ^itcul .1. ttkj]*, t> 

rrny, niOjH j jfoglujiii, ^ j 11-^511^, ^ ]|' n* rc^n^hvf?': 53^9^ 
A oej)i)r> lu I'c^TiCrttiA 5uji <\h ujmc 50)i»f(£]» Rot?^! re, tV]\. 
rcorfipocali-o .1. j^ju -j lojl .1. 5iii\tMi)grco]|» im li«i3na, 6)]» 
Jj* )On<vn 5^)r, -j ^^^nujoe, -j jp }on<vn •o)l -j r;)tat;ac, Aiiia]l 
« fej}> An Bjieajrtd phjlopphoj- .1. 5jiaouj5feoji> ^^^ hi^^uM 
pe x>ujno £5nv\)ric. 

DaIa Fejnjiij-A y^fUj^ n) hA jf]t)]'tc|» t;o clo)nr«o Bojf; 
«]5e A(i- lojAj- niAC .1. NirhuaI -j N}u1, Aih*)! ^ t>C)ji An yjlc 
fAH ]»Auj-o : 

Dii TTiAC A5 yejnju]-, jrjojj r.uh, 
NVniiAl )p N)iil A)t n-ACAjji, 
>tu5A'6 Njul A5 An crop ro)}i, 
N^nuAl p-An ScjrjA pcjAr^lojn. 

'-^V)I» mbcjt cA IjljiA JAjn ]f fjcc t)'Fiie}n)Uj' } If-Ajfop nvj> 
ScjtjA ].j rt)lI(^o 6 niA5 Sc^nAjji, •oo f]oma]r., -j c ])c liucc 
^4Jf> }'^'*)'^5ir "* ^cjCjA 00 N^nuwl, An niAc p.v pjnc Aj^e,- 
•j njojt yA^ujb A5 Njul An niAc yiv huj^c acc foc<j n*. 
n-CAlAiDAn, 1 n* ii-jUjcajjIax) "00 Bjot) A3.5C t)a peoUo "00 
7C0IA3I3 dojtdanvv HA citjie. 

2i/v^ tr?e2is C2ib;2)jl. 

Oo f hjaII Njujl 6'n Sc)r]A ro'n G^ypr, '] t)'<v r>AlA)5 jnce 
50 ppuAj}> bAf p'pp porv. 


I R nibcji T>o N)Ail «)mpj]t )mcjAn aj, pcolAio pool 
fcojrign fAn ScjcjA, tjo cuA)r> a ilu w) Vejc eolup* 7' 
t^jriA pA riA citjo6A)l> ) ccojrcjne, jofuif a)1» nit')o n<v 



nohlo, ;mJ d, all, that he was called GcF\al, i. ^. the 
illustrious, or all noble ; or from the Hebrew word gadol, 
i. pf Si't"'^t, herause G;eval or Gaodhal, son of Lahor, who 
was the iirst called Gaodhal, was famed in learning, science, 
and the languai^es, Other antiquaries however assert, that 
the name of Gaodhal is compounded of gaoith and dil, 
which signifies a lorer of learning, for gaoith means wisdonj 
or learning, and djl fomJ, so the Greeks call a wise man 
philosophos, i. o. a philosopher, or lover of learning. 

To return to Fenius Farsa, we are not informed that he 
had any children except two sons Xenual and Niul, as the 
poet observes in these lines : 

Two sons had Fenius, 'tis most true, 
Ncnual and Niul, our father, 
Niul was born at th' eastern Tower, 
Nenual in Scythia of polish'd shields. 

Fenius having held the government of Scydija two ancl 
twenty years after his return from the plain of Shenar, made 
his will when on the point of death, and bequeathed the 
kingdom of Scythia to his eldest son Nenual, but left his 
younger son Niul nothing but the advantage of teaching 
the sciences and various languages in which he w;is skilled 
in ^he p.ubhc schools of the kingdom. 

C H A P T E K in. 

Of the travels of Niul from Sci/fkia infa Ei^ypf, and of 
his advejitures th^re till his death. 

x% I U L having been employed along time in teaching 
in the public schools of Scydiia, the fame of his learning 
iind knowledge went abroad into all countries, insomuch 

^^J?)P»^c ; dniaji <i rt))» a y^lc j-aii iiam foj-jcj-; 

rpjallu]', jino}i]U), N]ul le rocrAjr) Pliajno 50 liCj^jpr, 
T ^"^5 *^" I'j Kjun r\\ n50])tT-j C<t]-).\c)]»oiir no Cainuup 
C)i»)-, lajiii jte '^Oiijit jnujc t)), -j yoj- lo) j)li6]' a int,cn 
]r«.'in Tsj b'ajnni Soortt, ]ie Njiii, <\nia)l a rrjji BjoJU 
C^niajii pn oiujn t^| rtb roj-ac '' BsOral ^l,n a cr.ijr 

Do purtj^ ]-An C5)pc ).| j-ojn, 
50 })J4CC Fo}io)n yojttAiiiajl, 
?/> ^rii^ Scor.; zrt'^ i-ctUri 115(1]';), 
]njen j-jaljaj-OA i'lio)tajfi. 

]•»]! Lpoj-ao Scor* to Njiil cnjiiop ycoV j n-a yiijxje 
<i5 C'apAcjiionr, -qg feolAt) tia n-t^l.vfan, '; n* n-]lbi'(j]t]ar 
•o'654j1j iia liOrjpre, •) jy an j-jn jni^ Scora B«)' imc 
N)ii]!. Do ]:car^nljfe ^o fciijjijreoTier. »'i5]n j n-jTi^anraj- 
cjoTluj- buo yejrjftNjul an cuj5er ^liin 6 la]>ber, ro bejt 
] ccoiiujmj'jft )ie ^Cv(>)!') ail, ^^u]* ab feacc niblja jna •o(^\w, 
T cejfjie yjcjo aj]t yecc cct'o 6 rjljn guy an am yiji gab 
•^si^jyj cpnuy clojne JyjKJ!].- ^<io jrp^Spa ajjt yjn na' 
"TOjrpej'ofe 50 iTiajjiyf^t) Njjiil jumao n) (er^ajb bljajai:, 
oj'fj to t*^')^"^)!' "'^ tsCjfc; J*e yaoa y^'^^ *'^ T)^' ' '^j"^ * 
y).i5nu]yj yjn ajn CjVj^jtmac Sa}le an c^rjtamaio glun q 
Sliejm Iliac Noe j n-uay, t»o maj}* cejrjie bljagna jy r|i) 
y]cjr ajjft cejf]ie c<'c, 'j ajjt Shejm tio rha]]) CU15 ccr 
Mjagajn t>"jCjy 7ru] jiugao ^i'pphaxat) "00, ama)l It^gr^j yan 
]| cAh. wn ^c'ii(*j-j ; iijme yjn nac cu]}ife ) cconraVjajin, 
go '^'ca-oyAo Xjiil iTiJciijTi 6'n tAjt<v bljagajn jy ra y]f"jt> to 
ylajfry Njn ifijc Pt'jl, Aihajl a t^ubnam<j, 50 hajmyji* 


lluU Pharaoh Cin-^^ris, king of Egypt, from the accounts 
he had heard of liiin, sent to invite him to Egypt, to in- 
struct the youth of that country in the sciences and diflfevent 
languages, as the \)oei observes in the following lines : 

To Pharaoh's ears soon came the news, 
W'itli sounding fame 

Of Ninl, Fenius' son, who knew well 
All tongues on earth. 

Niul, iiowever, cauie along with Pharaoh's embassador't! 
to Eg3 pt, and the king bestowed upon him tlie lands called 
Capaciront or Cauij>us Cirit, near the Red Sea, and ga^e 
him also in marriage his own daughter Scota, as Giila Kevin, 
in a poem beginning " Gaeyal Glas from whom descend the 
rJacLs," thus observes ; 

Tlien to Egj-pt's land he went 
And reach'd the valiant Phuraoh, 
And married Scota of no few charms, 
Pharaoh's generous lovely daughter. 

After Niul had married Scota, he erected schools at Ca- 
paciront, to instruct the youth of Egypt in the sciences and 
various languages. About this time Scota bore him a son 
who was called Gseyal. It may appear strange, perhaps 
to some, that Niul, who was the fifth descendant from Ja- 
phet, should be cotemporary widi Pvloses, since it was the 
space of 797 years from the deluge, to the time that ]Mo- 
ses took upon him the command of the children of Israel. 
But I answer that it is not incredi!)le that Niul njight have 
lived some hundred years, for in those ages, men lived a 
long time ; for instance, Eiver or Heber, son of Sala, the 
fourth in descent from Shem, son of Noah, who lived 464 
years, and Shem himself who lived 500 years after his son 
Arphaxad was born, as we read in the eleventh chapter of 
Genesis; therefore it is not at all improbable thatNiulshould 
live from the forty second year of the reign of Nmu.s, son 
of Pel, to the time of Moses, as we mentioned ; and it is 


'iit'bujjf) ; •] jrop ^p lu^.vj'ce ]p jncii)iife ] n-p^Anru]- i»n 

triAf ypn *n njt) d Tejjt '-^^Apjannp Sco-ni*, m^ ,\ n-dbajit 
^u]* ab J ccjofi vOn BI^a^a]!! tii-ag <*)]+ jrjcjt) ^jjt tjij c6d 
ts'ejj- Cjlen f*n)c cojiitmej-cao lu rrengtAo fAn BhAbjlon, 
•] to jiejjt m^ <v ruV>i»4m.^ fuAj- gujt ab c)Aii pV)]- coih- 
mbudirei^f-a iia BAb)Io]nc jiujad Njiil, njine ]-jn ]]• jn- 
c)>e]©-e ujrAjjt frncuiw tjnjo Sciiic po Icjr .oj]-) Njii^l 
niAC Fejn)uj-A y4M«V]S> '| 50 ]tt\jb 11-a y^jt coin v^jnipjiie 
45 '^IvO]!') ]-vvn Cfjpr. DaU N)u]I, vijii mbcjf, aj ^jrju- 
^Ao ) cCapacjjton- U]ni ]te '^(.^ujn jtuAjr), 'j yi nibejf; 00 
Bhcooal A])t n-A Ijjteji: 6 Scoca, ]]• au ]-)n 00 tiloc^ mjc 
)p)i<el 6 PhA]iA(), j TO r]ijAllAt5^ 50 b]iuAC '•s'vbAjtA jtviAjoe 
50 nropiiAo;} yoj-lon^phojt- an, U\]m ]ie CApAC)i»onr, 1114 
) n-Ajrj^etj N)ul. V<')|t pa cJop, jmojtjto, t)o Njul 50 
]tir>Ars4 mjc )j')ucl ) Jfo^up r>o, re)t> ] ii-a nT5Ajl ts'* 
ri-AgAlUrh, J t'a yjoj- c)* ro bj An. Ca]»lA ViA]ion t50 
Tet-rvO]T5 An rpluA]^ ji]]-, j 'o'jn)]- j-ccaU ihAc n-Jj'jJvvl -j 
Q\\o]j-) T)o, *] riA JT))oitbujle yjA^nujj-ecA no jmj]^ rjA a)]^ 
PiiAjfAO ■) A]]t A fluA^ rjie t)U)3]ii-e clojne )j'jtail. Oo 
ton^A]! jnio)i]to N)iil 'j v^Ajion comAu 'j c^at-iuo ]te cejle, 
'J t)0 yjA]:|JM)5 Njul t)0 vtApon ati jiAbAr,} bjAt^A na lojnce 
ttCA, -j A rubAjjic foi' A ]*A)be -oo cpu]fn^cc j 'oo n'lAjf^p 
ajge f ejn, 30 mbjd-o ujle Ajjt a ccunuf ]-Ait. Cinjc jniojijto. 
An ojcce ]s{ ]-)n -) rejo ?U)»on ^'^ ''«*^^-'^)r)» ') '"'i )iMr '^^-' '^•^ 
CA]]i5p)onA ru5 Njul 00. JmriijA N)m1 jtAjnjo go po)ce x 
ih\\y\T,]]ie •] "00 ]fl}p 5AC njo ro -OvilAjb inac ii-)]-)>%t^l t)6)b. 
vvgA]- j-an ojooe ct'rnA tajiIa TiArAUt njiiir r>o BiOibAl niAC 
Nju)l,| e A5 pnATi), jup c]tcACi:nu)5o§o jiAjbejngUAji-ljAjp. 
\i x>e)]i]r) r)]ton5 e]le f,ii]> Ab 6'n ffivp^c tAHjc o'a c p^crnu^At> 
) n-* V»2bu)t^. Vi t)uV)i»Ar>4 a ihajfir)]* jie N}ul «r mac 
ro Ijjiejc leji' ) noAjl '^Mi<o]f], bcji^^i" lejy e -j t)0 ]i]r\e 
>*ij))p] 511 jf> 50 Dh)A, -) TO j'A]t AH rplac tjo bj ) n-a lA]ih 
Hjp An cc}«^'ir. 51.11 rlAuui^, 6 A"ii!Aif« yjn ; j a nnViA)]*:: 


?lill less lu he uondeied at, that Niul should exist until the? 
♦imc of Moses, if we may credit Mariaiius Scotus, who aay^f 
that it was 331 years after the flood when the confusion of 
tongues happened at Bahilon ; and since we have already 
shewn that Niul was born a considerable time after that con- 
fusion,- we nmst therefore give credit to what Hfcotish writei-54 
j;ay of his age, and of his having been really cotcmporary 
with Moses in P^gypt. But to retiu'n^ during tiie time that 
Niul resided at Capaciront near the Red Sea, and after Scola^ 
had brought forth Gxyal, the children of Israel escaped 
from Pha'a'i^i and came to the Red Sea, where thcv en- 
camped near NiuTs residence at Capaciront. Niul being 
informed that the Israelites were in his neighbourhood went 
to enquire and inform himself who they were. Aaron met 
him outside the camp, and gave him an account of the chil- 
dren of Israel, and of Moses, and related the wonderful 
miracles wrought by God on Pharaoh and his host, in con- 
sequence of the bondage of the Israelites. In the mean 
time Niul and Aaron formed a mutual friendship and al- 
liance, aiid Niul offered him food, and told him thathrs corrt 
and other provisions were entirely at his service. Night ap- 
proaching, Aaron returned to Moses and informed him of the 
offers of Niul ; Niul too went home to his people;, and told 
them all he had learned of the children of Israel. It happened 
that upon the sania night a serpent bit Ga-yal, NiuFs son, 
whilst he was swinuning, by whtch his life was endangered i 
others assert that the animal came out of the wilderness and 
bit him in bed: Niul's pcoi)le advised him to bring the youth 
to Moses, he complied, and Moses prayed to God, and laved 
his rod that was in his hand, upon the wound, and it was 
immediately healed ; Moses then foretoltJ that wheresoever 
any of the posterity of this youth should inhabit, no venc- 



^ico^p <»n <»jr <v mbjAt) r}ie1j TiunAjr An mjc fjn, tiac 1)]>^-d 
b)ij5 ) nar4]l^ njiiie an 50 bjiar, -] <v ra ]']n yolliip A)p 
Chpecrt, m<i A ffii]l cnjo t)'* j-ljocc nj ]:u]l nafa]]t niiiu; 
<in, dftr m<j G))»jri, 'j r«]» c^n 50 jtABcjr^ iu<fiu\CA niriic ] 
n-Gjjtjn ]i)it bPAr}tajc, -oo jtc]]* rjtojnje t50 iU hui,r,|A)T), 
nj f<o)lin) 50 ]icv]"Be njrii )onrA, no pojljm ^n]t <ib ro nii 
rgmnajT) 5rt)inTijf£}t iio)fy»ecA njifie ) m!)C'a]-b Phar]»a]c. 
A rejitj-o cn]o o) iu ]-encA-6u)b 51111 cii)it '>0x) -] ^Iaj- Ajji 
iin iflejfc ro bj y* ii-A V(i)in ycjn, aji» bjiA^itJo 'SIkoj-o)!, 
■]5U]i<vb u]me rjnbOjprgjt&iOtxtljlAfce. Dobjot' )nioiipo, 
An TATi f]n yl^fc y* Td]tfi jac ".x))!-)^ m^ cuin<jf<v ceniiii- 
yi^-CTiA, •] )f lujr^pii A ^•f^jP^'CP r'Gr<^<*<' I'^M"-^' P*^ ccnbujono 
4 Tio]p. 'r F*)r'^"^'Jr b'^P *'• ^ fTiapi^ n^jfiiec njme r<j 
ten "oobjiajiijt) "51i^)p]1 Bojiifep Bu)r<vl5lAy r^e, -jt)* yojU- 
r)u^4r» suji <\b e ^(.^X)]]-] no puj)i c, <v r»ij-o n* jiojii po 


l')r ^'^ ITill^ <-"<'l»)f"ll* cconiUn, 
<\n np 6 jyn]l BcoriAl jIaj*, 

Dajt yocjui]^ rti}> an rrii]n rtji^in, 

BvOtial TriAC N)n)l 50 nr>e]^nu'jii, 

^up )<v}t>An nafA)]* j;An coy, 

ye n')0}t 15'u]my no Ve)i;ey. 
^'n r') t,Uy n) recuji, ne, 

no z^u]i yO]}i 50 tnA)r '^0^»3yo> 

j;onAO ©6 a r.; ?<x)6a1 Blay. 

?( t>e)]i]o oltonj Cjle 511)^ ab iijme 50)|iff,|i b<or4l $Uy 

ce 6 ^lajfj a Aj]nn )y a •'j'cj^, m^ a ncj}* ati y]le yin 

jiann fo : 

ila3 Seora mAc -co Njnl nAjjt, 
o|» c]n moyt ccjn^o ccorhlAn, 
yi bvOCAl plAy rtjnm An y)}t, 
o £lA]p Ajjim )y A ejDjg. 

)y iVn nbcoml y]n Ajnmnj^fei* fc^)iojl ujle, ArnAjl a ne]f» 
An yjlc f An jii^n yo • 


moUs creature would have any power. This is fulfilled in 
Crete, where some of his posterity remain, and in which 
as in Ireland, no serjients can exist; for although ue have 
liad serpents in Ireland before St. Patrick's time, according 
to some authors, yet 1 am of opinion they were not 
rencmons; and I am inclined to think that by the serpents 
spoken oi' in the life of St. Patrick, were meant infernal 
demons. Some historians assert that Moses locked the brace- 
lot he had on his arm to the neck of Gseyal, and that on 
that account he was.called Gaeyal G!as. At this time there 
was a. /lease or bracelet on the arm of every chieftain as a 
mark of dignity as leader of a sept, and hence, at this day, 
the head of a tribe is called in Irish a Fleascach uasal. It 
is to explain that it was from the \irus of the serpent 
tliat adhered to the neck of Gayal, that he is called Gaeyal 
Glas, ai>d proving that it was Moses that relieved him, the 
following- verses were Antten : 

Whence so named is Gaeyal Glas, 
The blooming portly hero ; 
AV'hence Gieyal Glas is then derived 
Vcw truly know the story. 
When bathing in the boist'rous wave, 
Generous Gaeyal son of Niul, 
The serpent greedy wounded, 
Nor easy was it him to heal. 
The green spot left him not, 
Till Moses kind relieved; 
Hence iufornied men still deem, 
That thence he's tcrm'd Ga»yalGlas. 

Odiers assert that he is called Gaeyal Glas, from the 
gi t'cn colour of his arms and armour, as the poet expresses 
it in the following verse : 

Scota bore to mighty Niul a son, 

Troni whom many mighty tribes have sprung; 

Gjuyal Glas the Hero's name. 

From greenness of his arms ani armour. 

From tliis Gaeyal are all the Gaels denominated, as the poet 
»ays in this stauza ; 

VOL. I. S Feini 


f e)ne 6 Fhejtijiir ao b^jirA, 

BvOjojl 6 Bhoof^cvl 5U]- ^A)trA, 
Sciijt 6 Scora. 

55^*^6 A r>ej)»]T3 tjjionj ejle ^uj* Ab ujme rujAO Sc6tA 
Ajji nuiAjji 5h<»)cjl, 100 B)tJ5 ju}* Ab tK) tp^x) Scu)c 6'n 
ScjcjA ArAj]t BIkojojI .1. N^ul, -j z^ap ch Jioj- aca da nin* 
t»o flofiAib 6 n-A }f£yiA)b. cujg tiac j p am ScofA yA b§n 
t)0 BhAlArii id'a n^ojjif] ^jl^-b GAj-pAjne, *] jinc; p>)p^]* ttiac- 
t)0, o)\i jngen PIiajiao Cjn5c)t)i' ]:;i mAfA]}* t)0 blKOOAl, 
1 Jr <*)b« ^ bvf^ mjc Jj-pvel j ntu)))*)-]. Vi'n PhAjtAO c6AonA 
t'Aji b'jn^i^n b^n '^<Jhjl|£t) jta he An -15 ThAjiAO ) n-A t>)Aj» 
j*jn e, -J PHajiao Necconjbup pA liAjnm •60. Imtup Kjul 
jmoitjio A t>u5Aj}tt jie %«)jj"j 50 mbjAo ^taIa PIiajiao Cjn5- 

^i*}r ^}r r^i" ^i*« pji^e t»o tAbAjjit t)o. ^OAjfs^o, aj» 

^-^]n> cj^jaUj-a IjTie, *j t)A jiojd^m An cjjt t>o r^n^A))* Dja 
t^jfi, to 5^bA)]^j') pojR rj. No niAt) mAjt l^^c t>o BeApAm 
^°J^5Sr PbAjtAo Ajji t)0 iumuj* jrep t>ujr, jejpj^ jontA 4)]* 
'^")1* 5*^ ff^r*Tn cjonup fc^pAm yejn -) PhAjiAO pe cejlc, 
Jf ) n" comA)jtle Aj)» *)♦ C]n N]ul. 

Do cu}]i£T> rj«A, m')le ]:^]t n-A)»mA6 ) ncAjl fiA lon$ lejp, 
*) tu^At* CO ]At) A)jt A iiumAj- jr^'jn -j tej-o jofltA ^o |f Acu)b 
^njoriijtAb An Uoj ^ nA iriA}iA(% m^ a tA po|-clAr> nA mAj** 
Jtojrh ^^ha))^ 1 j»e)m tlo]T\ )f)»*el, -j a olup^o j n-4 

^tiJAj'D A]p PhA)»rtO, '1 A}]» A j"luA5 Id'a ITlbATAO. Cpj j:)CJO 

)mo]ipo, mjlc co)p)t)e -j cto^AtJ nijle m^cA^ a Ijon, aiiiajI 
« t>e))) CAcr^ur ^ CiunAjn, «)itC)n^6 RopA cj»e, j-An 
pAfi fo x>o b^nAt Af An ruAjnfApb topA^, ''^'oujncnAd 
cc|»e]t) 1^ cco)p/' 

S^pcAio ntjle t)job T.A ccoji-, 
c«0£At> tn}lt niA)»CA<io)]-, 
*npAt) mAjiA )>6tiia))» )niA]i6, 
jtof }<»luj5 ujlc 3 n-tOTuiAjp. 



Feini are from Fcnius nam*d, 

No f'orc'd meaning; 

Gaels from Gasyal Glas are call' a ; 
Scots fiom Scota. 

However others assert that Gjeyai's mother was called 
Scota, because his father Niul was of the Scotic race from 
Scythia, vrhere it was a custom to call the women after their 
husbands. You must know that this was not Scota, wife to 
Golav who was usually called Mi la of Spain, and who 
bore him six sons. For the daughter of Pharaoh Cingcris, 
whoheld the Israelites in bondage, was the mother of Gieyal. • 
But the Pharaoh, whose daughter was the wife of Mila, 
was the fifteenth Pharaoh after him, and was named Pharaoh 
Nectonibus. Niul meantime informed Moses that Pharaoh 
Cingcris's resentment would be directed against him for 
his favorable reception of him. Then Moses said, come 
^hh us, and, if we reach the countiy which God hjith pro- 
phesied for us, those shalt get a share of it ; or if you 
choose we will give you Pharaoh's fleet, at your own com- 
mand, and set out to sea in it, till we shall know how we 
and Phai-aoh will part each other. Niul took this determi- 

4 A thousand armed men were then sent to the shipping, 
and they were delivered into his power. He went on board 
and saw the deeds of the following day ; i. e. the opening 
of the sea before Moses and the children of Israel, and its 
closure after them, upon Pharaoh and liishost by which they 
were drowned. They amounted to three score thousand foot, 
and fifty thousand horse ; as Eytus O'Coonan, Archdeacon 
of Roscrea, asserts in this stanza, taken from the poem be- 
ginning thus, " Whoever thou art that bt.lieve not 

Sixty thou:iand were on foot; 

Fifty thousand high on steeds ; 

The Storm of hoist' rous Red Sea, 

Involved them all at once. 




Oocoiidjtt-, ;,TT,Djijio,^NjalPh41uo5on.4flua5Ty^B.*f<»r, 
t»o jan p> i-an jf^jun cce-on*, ojit n) ji^jBe e^Ki <tj]i 6 ro 
UUh PliaiiAo, ^jt^o par a cUn, -, <» f)ol 50 FKr )r.»]],n, 
teojB. J cr^n 4jmn|»e ta ejr f)" r"A]it Njul hap, 7 ro 

nuc CO BcoraJ pan Cjgjpr .1. eapjn,, •, ^ cr^n rito)mn 
n-A t-iAji j-p jiMsao mac to ,-jn a jijp .,. Sjtu, -j^o jafwrvi 
f)r> an j^Mrtn ci'attkj, -j 'pq ^jrjj ^yxx^, an. 

DaIa flraj n* IiCg^pre, jmoitpo, jaliiir »* <^jr j-jn 
Phapao )nrM),i plajVp na hesjpre oY-j,- Phaiiao Cingcj^jr 
fcoB*ra6r<inmujr<]iua,t^. Do BO)lirj crtna, Phaiuo r® 
B*c rj^ J10 jiB J n-egjpr 6 Phajuo Cpscjfjp x>o baf<»» 
r«n m..j]t )iua)6, 50 Pha)uo Necronjbnj-, 4n cfij^et* \t)i 
^45 J nrjajD Pliajt^o C]n5cjij]\ 


2lyV Ce2lC??2l?;2i:2) C2L6j:Z)jL 

"Oo'fl ] T)^pba-6 PO jijnePhaiito Jnrujji aj|i fljoc- B^j^jl 

%rilS Phajiao Inrujji, jajt ,-jn -, |<loj5 na he^^pre 
*}Jt mbei^ cfiean pan r)|i oojBioodujriineTjajt an n-^njraUjtj 
T>J cianaf, \j. j , •, t^'pjne ^40jt)jl ,1. an cajHts^j- co jionrAO 
ItL! (JamjB |,-p,tjl. Do comoiiat) ujme yp cogar) leo | 
cc'..)n.' 4)rnu; F^r jl ^uji bj^n^bar) 50 ba)mt5t'on<»c a 
be~jp- j»o. Tj:; r.mar W'aj.-jngham lejp po p^n IgB^ 
e'i nj; j.^t Ipopjsma, m.j a n-abajji «' Ja|t mbafat> 
*' lucrA n« e^ipc'; j-an mu);t pnajo, an rjiong too'n rjji 
'*ieo ni.p t i nci'jj' ©o jirKii^-ar. tuinc nayai t'ajHjsre 


Seven hundred and ninety seven years after the flood it 
was when Pharaoli was drowned, as we mentioned above. 

When Niul then saw Pharaoh and his host drowned, he 
remained in that country himstlf ; for he liad no appre- 
hensions after the di'owning of Pharaoh, and his children 
and Uneage grew 'till tliey were able to bear arms. Some 
time after this Niul died, and Gwyal son of Niul, and his 
mother took possession of the countrj'. After this a son 
was born to Gocyal in Eg}'j)t, named Easru ; and at a subse- 
quent period he too had a son named Sru, and they had 
possession of the land and inhabited in it. 

As to the Egyptians, Pharaoh Intiir took the sovereignty 
after Pharaoh Cingcris was drowned in the Red Sea. In- 
deed every king of Egypt, from Pharaoh Cingcris's being 
drowned in the Red Sea, to Pharaoh Nectonibus, the fif- 
teenth king after Pharaoh Cingcris, was called Pharaoh. 


C H A P T E R IV. 

0/ Pharaoh Intur''s banishment of the Eace of Gaej/al 
froin Egypt ; of their chitfs and of their adventures. 

HARAOH Intur afterwards and the Egj'ptians remem- 
bered tiie old grudge to the descendants of Niul and the 
Raco of Ga^yai, i. e. the fi-iendship they formed with the 
children of Israel. They then made violent war on tlie 
Gaels, who were thereby reluctantly banished out of 
Egypt. Thomas Walsingham agrees with this in the Book 
caiieJ Hvpodeigma, where he asserts, *' When the Egyp- 
*' tians were Jro^vned in the Red Sea, those of the country 
*' who lived after them drove out a certain chieftain of the 

" Scvthiaa 


" T^^l^Sr "r * cc§n. ?C}]t mbejr t)o <iji»n-4 'ojbji^c 50 n-* 
** fjtc]!), riiijc guj- <vn SpajRin^ &]\ ajrj^ )•<$ )omi»r! blja jn* 

Bjot) A p)0|- 4540 A ^£5t"0}]t guji ah 6 Sjiii, niAc Gaj-j+u, 
m]c BvO)f]l, All r5U)ne uAf aI |"0, •] nAi 6 ?«r>Al jrojn, ^An 
tep ■00 BjicA^AjB Hecto]* Boer)Uf, •] yop ^An 6^X5 oa 
B^Atiilvjjb na nuAtt BHaII yciijoBuf <\]\y C'jj^jfi, fu^jlg]- gu]* 
*b e BvOioaI y€]r\ rinjc -co'n SpAjn, o]]* -co ju'jjt j:)li)R« 
f5_ii^.uj-A HA hej]i»^n fA)* Ab co)]* ij^ejrinujn f am njo j-o, 
]]- fjojt ^u)t ab j-Aii G5)pc JU15 Sc/)t:a jn^^n PHajuo Cinj- 
cj«)j* bu)DAl, •] ji* jfitc 00 iomnu}5 50 jfUA))* bAj, *) nj 
6'n n^iu' 15, m^ a oejitjt? t>jton5 e)le, rAnjc, dtz a Ar^jjv 
o^ b'AjniTi Njul lAiijc 6'n Sc)tjA, •] c^ 65,1! 5,0 n-abAjji 
An c-u^rjAji p, t>o hAjlIe)t>£t) At,u]n, 511}* Ab x>o'n Sp4)n 
rinjc an eujne uA]'a1 00 ruAjiD§,mA|i, nj hgo dec xso'n 
Sqr)A 'CO iuAjo, '] )]* € An cuj^^t) ^lun iocaj uA)t> ) nuaf» 
d'a n^ojpc) B]^A-feA mAc D^^atA, pAjnjg •oo'n SpAjn ajj* 
CCUJ-, v^5 ]-o j-ujrjju^Aio An rf^niAt) A)]t .1. "SjoIIa, C^oriiAjn 
f^Mp Ab e Sjiu mAC GA]*jiu pA rcojf^fc a^ rpjAll 6'n G^ipt 
ftjji An Q,6t;iiA fo: 

Sjiu mAc Gaj-ju'i rh)c "SvOjijl, 

A]i i-£nafA]ii, jluA^jrvOjli-b, _ 

e t)o Vu)P po tuAjo 6 A rojj, 

^■j]i yiir mA]J4 jtUAjn ]*omoi)^. 
Liicr rofjiA long Ijon a fUiA]^, 

Aj)i yur» niA]iA jtoiiio)]* ]tuA)r«^ 

taII An 5AC oK^AcljA )i- <<i.]<r, 

cejfjie lAUAriinA yjc^^t*. 

ra)5, AriiA)! A •D\i"B]tAniA]i, 511]* db C Sjiu jtiac eApinj jri 
rsOjppc ]-An «ic-.}tA fo 50 Iiah^ao^ ^o hojlf^n Ch]ietA -j go 
lyuAjji bAp All f)n, guj» z;,vV) Gjli^jv Scor, a niAC, ft^niif 
f'^onA ca)C 50 po^CAjn xxj'n ScjrjA "pojb gonA ujnie rjn a 


** Scythian nation uho lived among them, that he might noV 
*' assume sovereignty over them. Banished with liis tribe, 
" he came to Spain, where he resided many years, and 
*' where his posterity grew iiunjerous, and came tVomtliencc 
*< to Ireland." 

Know, reader, that it was Sru, son of Easru, son of Gtcyal, 
who was this noble, and not Gseyal himself, notwithstanding 
Hector Boetius's false assertion ; and also in contradiction to 
the modern English wTitcrs on Ireland, who suppose that it 
was Gaeyal him^^t If that come to Spain ; for according to the 
truth of the History oflreland, which must be believedon tliis 
occasion, it is a fact that it was in Egypt that Scota, daughter 
of Pharaoh Cingcris bore Gseyal; and there he lived until his 
death. Nor was it ftom Greece, as others assert, he came, 
but his father, Niul, came from Scythia. And although 
this author, which we have just quoted, asserts that it was 
to Spain that the prince we spoke of came, it is not fact ; 
for it was to Scythia he went; and it was the fifteenth 
generation fi-om him, named Braha, son of Deaa, that first 
reached Spain. Here follows a proof from Gilla Ke\in, 
an antiquarj', that it was Sru, son of Easru, who was leader 
in this emigration firom Eg}-pt: 

Sru, son of Easru, son of Gjeyal, 
Ours, the Falian hosts, great Siro. 
'Twas he Northward movM from home. 
Thro' the boist'rous Red Sea main. 
His host was four ships brave crew 
Thro' the Red-SeVs ra}>id tide, 
In each fair vessel yon w as stowed, 
Four and twenty men with wives. 

ObsenethatitwasSruson of Easru, as we mentioned, that 
was leader in this expedition, 'till they reached the Isle of 
Crete, where he died. His son Eiver Scot took command 
af the people 'till they reached Scythia } wher«fore a 



ft ttejj* ^S°i t)*(ii)]t)5fe ^ujt <»]) e ^)Vj£ji Scoc y^ ^-^jf^^ 
t)ojB p*n ru]iu[" fjn, ^ gujt db 6'n RrojiAjnm t>o 15j ajit .1. 
Scor, 5A)]»nir£)t cjn^t) Scuit; co Bvajrelrtjlj, joiian jnioj^iio, 
Scot CO jtejjt U£oi»]jt o'(\)ltj5re -j ]'oj5t)CojJ», ojp nj jiA)& 
) n-A cotn-4jmf)it p£)» bo^A xso b'f£]^l» jriA 6, 'j 6'n jfOjKvjnm 
I"jTi l**p)5 c t)0 j-louAt) An j-ljoic tAn)c uA)r<, 'j t50 cl^dtao 
leo boga m^ Ajjnn A]p A)^l<)r ^* f^'^ B^^F **" <^)"^r)^ tioc)- 
5£'i*)5 l£^ * r^)5 ^^ ccujriine p6)n, fc,)i)£.-6 n) V^^nprtm b^A- 
TTiAjI <vn tJaOA))*!*), CO bf^jj ^uft Ab j c^cpao iojcc^fi n* 
f^ndflc ^ujt <vb ujmc co ^oji^r^jt ^]^K'^ Scujr co |-l)oic 
Bhs'0)r>)l, Tn6 X)C]i *)]♦ creac* 6'n Scjrj* •oojb co jieji* a 
mbunACAj-A. Cujg a V^sfoj]* ^uji ab jr^i^ convojr) co 
%)hco)n 5;oca!, -) CA }ic)i* j'jn 50 ]iAjbe cejfj^e pjijo 
bJjA^Ajn c'iojf An ran co bAfAo Plivt]uo, -j 50 ]tA)b An 
cetpAThftC 5lun uac p^jn rjoj-Ajjin-A bi>e)f, m^ a ca Gjbi-i* 
Soot:, mAC Sjiti, ni)c Q^ypv, rhjc 5x))c)l, pil co f j^jaUac^ 
nri)c Jj-pocil r]»ej' An mu)p ]uia)C. '^Oefujc cjiong co ii* 
pi^n6Aiu)b ^a\i Ab ce)t)te cec '| ca p)C]c bljA^Ajn 6 biiAib 
PhAtiAO i-An*?<iu]]t i^uAjc5oto]o<>drciojfie'-^>jl^cjn-Gj}tjn: 
•iTiAjl A ccjl* An pjle : 

C(i-}tACA }i- icj^jic 6eAC, 

CO bl)A^na)b n) h^unu^hji^A^, 
6 ro6r CuArA l)e, co}»l') l)b, 
rAjt mujncjn niApA |toiTiA))>, 
5;vi]> 5v>b|'Ac pcjiiin c-yn nuijp nieu, 
mjc '^Ojloc J cr]]> ii-Cjjtrn. 

^tz cgnA CO i»ej|> An A]]»]ni co 5n) An I^bAlt jiAbilA 
T\) j:ii]l utr j-^cr mbl]A^nA cca^ ^£1"^** ^^ ^P] ^^'° ^'" 
cpAt pA)* 5v>b '^cojj-j c^uup ilajfu; JfH<el pAn QS]P~ 5'^ 
rgcc ilojHc 'A^jlf^c ) n-Gjjtjn, 6j]» ] cct^Tl ytiiz cc6o •] p£cc 
mbljA^Ajn nc(.'A5') iejrjjc pjd^cc'ejpcjl^n, co ^ab^ojpj 
c^fiup riiAC )pli<el pan Cgjpr, -j co jiej}* nA ha)nip)pc co 
h(']]i p^Ticup CiH^u CO j;AbAl(\)b Gjii^n, )p ] ccon riijle Ajp 
6e)tpc p)^)o bljAJAjn c ejp cjl^^n co ^aUac^ m)c '^jl£c 
pfjb Gjn^^rt. ^'5 po m^ A cc'ji^ An lj;^b^ ^aUaIa juji aJj j 


rrnain anthor nssorts^ that Eiver Scot Was their loader ori 
this Journey ; and that it was from iiis appropriate nick- 
Tiame, i. e. Scot, that the Gaels or Gadelians arc called the 
•Scotic R-ace. — According, indeed, to a certain atitlior, i* 't 
rii^nifies the same asJrcher, for in this thiie there was not 
ti Bowman superior to him, and from the nickname given 
him, tlie appellation attachecl to his posterity. They even 
practised the use pf the how, in imitation of ancestry, until 
hue time within our own memory : howeVer we will not 
adhere to the opinion of this author, because it is the gene- 
ral conception of antiquaries, that the reason for calling the 
Gadelun Race the Scotit: Race^ isj that they came originally 
from Scythia. Understaiid Reader, that Moses and Gaeyal 
Mcrecotenlpdrariesj and therefore thatGa-yal was four score 
years of age when Pharaoh was drowned, and that the fourth 
generation from his birth then existed, viz. Eiver Scot, son 
of Sru, son of Easni, son of Ganalj before the children of 
Israel passed through the Red Sea. Some of the ancient 
Historians think that there were four hundi'ed and forty 
years from the drowning of Piiaraoh in the Red Sea, until 
the an-ival of the Milesians in Ireland ; as tiie poet says : 
Forty above four hundred . 
Of years, it is no f;»lsehood, 
Since Dannan's Tribe arrived, 
O'er the straits of the o;reat sea, 
'Till in Eirin, o'er boisterous mainj 
Landed brave Milesius' sons. 
However, accordingto the statement of the Boole of Con- 
quests, there are but seventeen years deficient of three 
hundred since Moses took supremacy over-the children of 
Israel in Egypt, until the sons of Milesius came into Ireland ^ 
For at the end of seven hundred and eighty years after 
the flood, Moses assumed the sovereignty of the children 
of Israel in Egypt ; and according to the time given by the 
History of Ireland to the Invasions, it was at the end of 
one thousand and four score years after the £ood, the son* 
of Milesius took possession of Ireland. The Book of In - 
VOL. I, T rasio.i 

ccen rjtj 6c-o bljAgajn )^ nrjljil tm\]c PvVi>r,iloi» j ti-Gj]V)f?,' 
"I 5a|» ub t}») cet) l)l]v^z,v\)n ro V^l^^J <» [Ijocr ] jvlli G)|»^ny 
•] 511ft *b ritjocrtr bljAJajii r>o b) (3]i»o ] ti-a y\j-.>c 50 recc 
<?lo]ne Nejihi^ri ;nce, "j |f^cc nibljai,nA rc'a5 ajp t>.v ceo 
jr'vit) fUiL^jw riA clojilc j-jn iJjj» Cjitjfi, '| [c bljitn* "oca^" 
**)!* V)"^]^ ^^ bio,} Fipbol^ J }}'l«)fe|-, 1 riiArv> Uc Danap 
r]»j bljA^riA rcfOA 00 oa cco, 'j )te cu)» an A]ni|-)H ujle ] 
r-u)ii-pujm, jp ccjii^e y)£)ri <»jj* ifijlc blja^Ajn an njnijjt 
]onilan 100 ^njo 6 ojljn 50 rojrpcr, liutc ^ijif^o ] n-Gj)>)n, 
1 x>A fj'^acr^ *ri c-ai]t^rii yo ji)^ na px^^ tnbljajna r^a^ 1 
^ejtjte fjijo *jj> f£cc cceri lao lij 6 ^f'jn 50 bajuncuj- 
'^hojjj'j Ajp ilojii Jfi»<c], jp follui- juc yujl 6'n am ]*)n 5a 
>*£cc (ilojne vCjl^u j n-Cjjtjfi adc fj^cc nibl]a5n4 •0645 tepo* 
r>o tjij dc"t5, 'j oi jiejji yjn )p bjtea^ac an dcaoyujo tuap, 
* oej)> gujj ab j cccn oa y]tyo &]]% ccjrpe K'-o blja^v^jn 
lo'ejf <ilo)ne Jpjjvel 00 oiil rjit-j- <in ^sNiuj)* Jjutvjo ]tan5i»o^ 
rn)c %jl£t> ) n-ejjtjfi. 

?v oejjijo t>)»ono )<c fencuf ^ujt ab c ]icon ) r»-<| ^aE' 
.^jm mac Caf pu 50 n-a f ujitjfi <ij)» an %j]]i jtuaj"© *) fO]j> 
but) •6^p j-otl Ajogn, lam oep le Cappabana -j larh 61c Icjp 
<»n ^rja fO))>j *j lain cle tjmcjoll brno ruajo 6j, *) ap pjn 
TH 5<^ ^]" I'lejbe lljphe fan le)r; c)»j ruajo oo'n ^p]a, -) 
j'An i«)lTfiu)n 6 6^p j-cajiup an Go|ta)p •) an Vfj-ja )te cejle, 
1 ap fjn oo'n Scjrja. Bj6^t> rij he pjn }>u)n x>o gab S]tu 
*b ^r)*li 6'ii ^5JP~ ^o'" 'Scjrja 50 lu6c cgf Ji* lon^, 'j 
tjt)ocao 3p gac lojng ojob, acr 6 bun pjiota Njl, <»j}t ^-JCu]]» 
cCojjijijan, 50 Cpeta, j<jp a J»a]Drc)t Canoja j n-]UTh, ijr 
^ Coriinu)5 pe ps^lat) ajtnpjjte 50 ipua^jt bap an, ') m^ f <»5<»]b 
cujo o'a pljo^c ojajo ) nojajo, gonao oa bjtjn p)n x>o }»ej]> 
U5t>4jj» an rp^ncupa nai b) Vic>t<i.]\\ njriie j cCj»cta ace m^j 
Gjftjn, "7 rjtjallajo ap p)n oo'ti Scjtja, ■] Gjb^i^ Scor j n-a 



Jiasjon.s asserts that it wns at the end of three hundred yeara 
after the flood tluitParaion came into Ireland, and that his 
.posterity were {iQssesscd of. it. for three hundred years ; aii 
weW as that Ireland was thirty years a waste, until the arri- 
val in it of the sons of Newy. And the length of the so- 
vereignly of this people here, was seventeen years above 
two hundred. The Bologui.s were thirty-six years in pos- 
session ; and tfie Thnha l)i>dannan wanting three years of 
two hundred, Now to snm up th^e whole tniic makes 
]080 year? frt^ui the flood to the coming of the sons of 
Milesius into Ireland. And if from this calculation be 
deducted, the 'J97 years that %vere from tjic flood 'yo 
the authority of IVIoscs over the children of Israel, it is 
evident that there is from that tjrae, but seventeen years 
deficient of three lamdred iintil the arrival of the sons of 
Milesius in Ireland. Therefore the above opinion is 
false, that it was not at the end of two score and four hun- 
dred years after the elilldren of Israel went through the Red 
Sea, that the sons of Milesius reached Ireland- 
' Some antiquaries assert that the direction taken by Sru 
gon of Easru, and his followers, was thrqugh the Red Sea, 
S."E. into the Ocean, having Taprabana on their right, and 
Asia on their left Eastward, alid leaving it North rocmd 
about ; and thence Westward to the point of theRliiphean, 
Mountains, in the North \V^est part of Asia, and in the 
Si ut lern Strait that separates Europe and Asia, and thence 
to S ;ythia.* However, this was not the rout that Sru took in 
his emigration from Egypt to Scydiia, with the crews of four 
• ships, each containing thirty persons, but from the Mouth 
of the Nile in the Mediterranean, to Crete, now called 
Candia, where he abode sonie ttme, and there died. He also 
left there some posterity, which ri-niain to this dav ; 
and hence it is, accordir.g to the ancient historian, that, 
like Ireland, no serpent exists in Crete. Thev thence e^ni- 
gri^ted to Scythia, led byEiverScot; and whoever woulci 


* See Appendix lo. 


•po'n Scjr]4] lojnjnojn-g^f^nj pjojt rot, ©)b)»]5r>o jie))ma 
}*on* t>o bj Ajji ap Sc)-)4 4n ran i-)n, J)l«ni)f£]t fl*^^^ TanAy; 
d]]» a)bn)T) ha Scjrja oo jiej^t dn Tr]-cncii|-a baJt^»nr^»^rll.* 
Iie|tot>oruj- j-^n c^'^-juiTKiplfibaji, m-jp a n-Abijjt : " Sjuir. 
CATiajp c6ni|j()jfi^p an '-^i']* 6'n 6o)ia)p ajjiifij^fe]^ c )o]]> 
p.^ j-jiorajb d ra *5 lu6r na ScjrjvV-'* ^BAf ajJ* jtoccAjn oo'i. 
Scjr]a pojb, fAjtia cogvi® -] cQjnbljcdc ^ro)i]ia yejn •) * 
Ccomb)i4)r]ie, m^ ara f]<^rc NcYiuajl rihjc FejnjUfa P"<i]i)-u)f, 
*) T?o bj )Tn)«5^]-an feaic mbljasna §coit|u p ^m^Ofiidrii n* 
c|ij^e ^o rr.jU t>"?(t,Tion mac Cajr, 4n cujset) ^lun 6 
C'jb^jt 8cor d miA]*, <v bfiafajyi jr^jn .), Ueylojjt mac R)V)Il 
t»o fljoic Neniiajl oo rijbac, -] e ) n-rc, jijg ajj* An ScJT'ja au 
ran fjn ; ama)l <.\ re)]* ejolla Cu)majn pan Jiafi po: 

lleylo])^ ][• vi'jnon ^an o'n, 
j-^cr mbljajna pa )Tiico]-naTfi ; 
fe;o rrojica)|t Rf|:lo]"H 50 nglojjS 
t>o lajrh ajrej-aj^ ^jnojn. 

Jomtuj- clo)Tie Rejrlo)]^ riijc Rjfj''* ^4W* tiJAp rn^c aj^c 
m^ 4 ra N^nual -) R]V)ll> "] r]rtolajiD flu45 ) ccope fl^cr* 
Bho^jojl ts'a nrjor^bat) ap an r)]t a]le '] com*f]n6lu)« jrjne 
^ajjT")!, -] rjt)a!lv»)r) t>'vOnbu]^)fi aj- an trj]t r)ie cjtjd na 
ccjoc-Voj|-g^c, t)'a Tigojjtfcjt ^mapoiie|*, 50 hjni^Il m4]^« 
Cajpp. 'Babujo lojng^p an ran pjP 50 nrg,6ar^ a]}< tnu]j» 
«mad 5U]i ^abat^i rjn ) n-ojlgn a ra aj]^ mu)]t ('ha]pp, .ajc 
4]t coriimi)^ pjat) i:§,b bl]a5na, '/jp jao 7a ra))p)j cojb *)\i 
an ^ccjta pjn; v^^non, ) 6 jbe is oa thac Chajr, riijc- ^^jnamujn, 
injc Beoaniujn, rfi] cGjb£)> Scujr, m]c S)tu, m)c 6aj*jiu, 
ri))c ^ujjfjl. Uo bar<j rpji.j* mac az^ ?i j;non a)}t an £crpa 
j-jn, m^ a ra Callof, La}mj-)ofi, *] LaTnJ;Iap. Uo batj^ 
T>)Ap mac a^ Gjbeji mac Z^y .1. Cajc^p ) Cjnj ; -] yuajp 
^gnon bap pan 0)'«^n p)n. Cjtjallujt) cac j cc^n blja^n* 


assert that it would be impoisible to reach Sc^tbiaiEromEgj'pt 
io ship or vessel, should consider that according to the divi- 
iiion then existing otScythia, the RiverTanais was accounted 
one cf the Rivers of Scythia, by the respectable History 
pf Herodotus, in his fourth book, where he asserts, "The 
River divides Asia from Europe, It is enumerated 
3.S one of the Rivers of Scytliia." When they reached 
Scythia, however, a war broke out between them and their 
relations, the descendants of Niul, son of Fenius Far^. 
They continued this warfare, for the sovereignty of the 
country^ for seven years, until Agnon, son of Thath, 
the fifth generation from Eiver Scot downwards, haply 
itilled his relative Reflore son of Riffii, of the race of 
Kenual, who was then king of Scythia ; as Gilla Ka;an 
ft Varies \n the following lines : 

ReOofe and Agnon, both, 
Contended seven years ; 
'Till Reflore fell, in jglorj-'s field. 
By Agnon's conquering arm, 

Concerning the descendants of Reflore, he had two sons, 
namely, Nenual and Riffii. These collected a host against 
the posterity of Gacyal, to banish them utterly out of the 
country. The Gadelians assembled, and in a body ieft 
t^e country, passing the territory of the seared -breasts, 
who are called AMA20NES, to the border of the Caspian 
Sea; there ihey took shipping, and set out to sea, till they 
Undedin an Island on the Caspian, where they remained 
one year. Their leaders on this expedition were Agnon 
^nd Eiver, the two sons of Thath, son of Agnavan, son o.f 
Beoaman, son of Eiver Scot, son of Sru, son of Easru, son of 
Ga^yal. Agnon had tlvee sons on this expedition. These 
were Ellod Lavfinn and Lavglas. Eiver, son of Thath 
had two sons ; Caicher and King ; and Agnon died in this 
Island . At the end of a year they left the Island, the crews 
of three ships, and three score persons in each ship, and 


.•j.bnvA^ yiu zt^ej f£]t ibjoB. • Scji'^jt rAO]]-£c ■i:>o]h a)}* ah 
^ccjJa Yjn v;o cru^Aio,} ucc aj]* an cCvOliiui]|t 4 ta 6 muj)» 
Ciujfp ]J4}> suj- <vn ffA))»5e ccojl f j5 6'n ^i)50)n } rruajo 
-J ni,j Ji^njAT^ An ihu]]* yjn •00 t;)]t)5 <inj.tir 0]iji4 511)+ 
j-eoUt) ] n-ojlgn jao jto l»A)t>rcii CA]ion)a ] mn]]\ Pojnrjc, 
^ajt Qoninii]^l')v\'o IjIjajajti •) )»A}ce an, -) }]• An j-Anojl^n 
rjn pLiA)]* CjV)e|t niAc Za]z, -] LAih^U]- uuc ^(^nojn bAj-; ^ 
rjjjAllujD A]' fjn cgrji^ '<^)rec n)oli .1. GaIIojo, LAjnipjofi, 
Cjn^, 'j CAjceit. LA]tU nrmjjtf-judojn A]]t An mw]]i jiompA, 
■j-oo cAno.o]f ceolco iU lo)nj^]-(^CA]lj no lij 45 rjijall t:aj>|-a, 
^o ccujurtjr cooIax) opfiA ^ 50 Ijog-oj)" yejn oj»)ia v5'a mA)i- 
.V)At>, -| )p e lejfsr CO 1^)"^ CA)ce]i, t>]\^], a))> y]n, ccjjv 
•00 Ve JAr> ) n-A gcluAj-A^^b, 50 n^c clu]nr)jt' An ceol •o'^gl* 
cooaIca lejr- *^*Ai» n" "oojb §uit ^^B^t)^ cuAn a^ Jtjn j-le)'Be 
R)phe rua)tJ, -j if ah f)n to ji}ne CA)c.e|^ ■j:A-]pr]ne tiojD, 
nAjt IVjonAo coriinuj^e •6o)b a)n a]c ^o jtocrAjn (?)]V£fi, ^ 
riAc )At) ycjn loojjojcjr^t) ), acc a ]'1)0CC. CpjAlIup aj* pn 
z,o pAn^Ar^ ^or]A •] r^U 50 ]*A)T)e mAC 0)}f6e]]ic A5 Lajiti- 
rjon -o'a n50)]it] C)?>o]t "Slunyjon, •) t)0 conmuj^r^ |-l)ocx 
Fihtf))6)l y-An r))t f )n rinocAt> bijA^Ap, *] to yvtnAr^j luct nSjob 
<\n 6 |-o)n )lle, v;r.nA6 t>vi wpbAo j-jn a inej]t BjoIIa CvOniAin 
^n ]\'\u po : 

r|t]OCAo l)l]A5A]n |-an rj|ij*]nj 
yAuiijo luce t)]()b rtii fO)n, 
J5O r,T:) 'De)]i<^t) An roiiiojn. 

Q'.'befAp Tl»on5 cjle le fo^t up fujt Ab cojatd ai]i rt't 
bljA^Ajn CO corimuv^pat) pl]Ocr 'Sli^jfjl pan oorjA, j )p j 
Y)u ceryAt) jy y]|i)njie, ojii ;ip yollup suj* CAjfcc^j Ajenic 
I^hvOjcjl OCT nz^lu)nc c'a n^c^nclrtc pAn "Bor],!, niAjt a ta 6 
Cjbeii ^Injnppfi 50 BjtACA, mac ■Oo5ArA, ni)C CajicArrt, 
,ii]c '-viUojr, iii]i' NnACAt, nijo Ncniu]!, nijc Cibjiic, injo 
^'j^'Jl* B'^TM"']'*' V^'B'*^ r^'^ B'^^t^A, ^hy L:\yuy]T\, An ceo 



rvery third man had a wife. They had six leaders on tlili 
expedition. They faced the Strait leading from the Caspiari 
"Westward to the narrow sea that comes from the Northern 
Ocean, and as they reached that sea, a storm arose upoii 
them, which drove them into an Island called Caronia in 
the Pontic Sea, where they resided a year and three months. 
It was in this Island Eiver son of Thath and Lavglasdied. 
They emit^ruted thence underfour chieftains, namely, Ellod, 
Lavhnn, King, and Caicher. They met Mermaids or Syrens 
at sea, and those chaunted music to the seamen, as they 
were passing byj by which they were induced to sleep, and 
then they would fall upon and destroy them. Caicher the 
priest's remedy for this, was to melt wax into their ears to 
prevent their hearing the music. — So they sailed until they 
landed at the point of the liiphean Mountains in the Nord), 
and then Caicher prophesied to them that no place was a 
settlement for them until they would reach Eirin ; mention- 
ing at the same time, that it must not be themselves, but 
their posterity that should arrive tiiere. They emigrated 
thence to Gothia, where Lavfinn had an eminent son 
called Eiv6r Fair-hnee; they abode thirty years in this 
country, and some of them remain there until this day. In 
confirmation of this it is, that Gilla Calvin thus asserts ia 
verse : 

Gaeyal's fair, inform'd Race, 

Thirty years sojourn' d there ; 

Some indeed still there abide, 

And will 'till the world's end. 
Other histofidns arc of opinion that it was 150 years that 
the Gadelians resided in Godiia; and this is the true conjec- 
ture ; for it is evident tlKit the Gadelians spent eight gene- 
rations in Gothia, i. e. from Eiver Fair-knee to Bralia, son of 
Dcyaha, son of Erca, son of Aliod, son of Nooa, sonof Nenual, 
son of Evric, son of Eiver Fair-knee, (born in Gothia,) 
son of Lavfuin, the first chieftain of the Gadehans that 



tiOjf^t tdftjc t>o'n tn)t fjn t)'A)cme BaJjojl, •) to bjtjc, nat 
4 B' jrejtjjj* an uj)«£o f jn 5ldn t30 recr l(^i ^f^'JS "^^ t-jijoca-?. 
blj«5Ajn, ]r ri^pB Ijom gujt ab ) an i^acjrup ce)5c^n»»6 & 
za f)]t)T\^t; ft t)e)p)t> tjpon^ ejle le |-£n6up gujt dh rjtj 
ceo blj*5A]n do cotrmuj^pjAO ylptt Bh>x)]t5jl pn Bhorja, 
^)D£t> n) he)0)jt f)n tjo be)c y^ltjnsi, t;o bjij^, t^ojie)}! n^ 
•njAbftlcuf, ftTTia)! ft tiub}»ftmA)t iudj*, ]t4}Be pmlaTi 
z]\) ten bljftjftjti, 6'n c}»ftt fa]^ bftt^o Ph^fsoo pr, u)U)|» 
Jtuftjtj 50 r;o)t>£6c ibftc %)lgt> ) n-6)li)n. ll)tne fin nj j:c)io)p 
An ^6ftOf ujt)f J TDO be)t ]p')|t)ri£6, x)0 bf^jg guj* 4b lear * 
r«)5 t)6'n ftjmr)]* f }n t>o j^pe-o^ y]ne Bcoojl 5*6 ru]i4i- r* 
*^t)eft]in4t>^ 6'n Ggjpc 50 C)ier<», 6'n Chi^ecft 50 Scjcjftj 
"J on Scjrjft 50 Bor}fl, 1 6'n Bhorj* ^uj- an Sp^jn, 6'n 
SpA]n 50 Sc)r)4, To'n Scjrj* 50 hegjpc -j 6'n C^jpr 50 
Cjiftcjd, 6'n Cpftcjft 50 Borjft, •] 6'n Botja 50 hCftj-pajn, 
•] 6'n Cfti-pftjn 50 hCj)tjn. 

Do ^)<)ftll jrjne Bxipjl aj- nn BotjA 50 li6<ippajn -jc, 

JOr^C^ TTiAC Dg^jfttft, )moji]io, ftn t-oftcriiAt) ^lup 6 
Cjb^]* Blu)ny)on a nuftf, j]* ^ tso tjtjAll aj* dn Bor)A, lft}Tn 
le CjtecA 1 jte SjpljA, tsejfsl 6o|^p« 50 hGAypftp, 50 lu6t 
c^cjiA Jong leji", ATTiAjl A ve-jH BjolU CtoriiAjn f An junn 

tftnjc Chjtejr r>o Sjf)!; 
JuAr cgfytft lon^ fColtA, fUn, 
tejpjl 6o]ipA, 50 hGArpAjn. 

If 6 B]iAi4 I'ftprgjt BitAgAnrjA yan I'hof^rjti^A]! tn^ a 
}fu)l Dju)ce r.A BiJASanj-A. '^^ yo nA dejtpe rcojns tanjc 
m<j<on ;^e B]iAt» 74-* tujiuf j-op TX)'n Gftj-pAjn, .1. Oj^e 



came to that couiitrw Now as so many generations cculd 
not come vvithia thiity years, 1 am coDvinced tlie latter opi- 
nion is true. Some other historians assert that it was three 
hundred years that the GadeHans* resided in Gothia; but 
this cannot be true, as, according to tiie invasions, as we 
said above, tliere were not three liunJred years complete 
from the time wiicn Pliaraob was drowned in the Red Sea, 
to the comincr of the sons of Milesiusinto Ireland. Tiiten 
this opinion cannot be true, since it was within this time 
tliat the Gadelians went through all their peregrinations from 
Egypt to Crete; from Crete toScythia; from Scythia to 
Gothia; from Gothia to Spain; from Spain to Scythia; 
from Scythia to Eg}'pt ; from Kgypt to Thi-ace ; from Thrace 
to Gothia ; from Gotliia to Spain ; and from Spain to 


Of the emigration of the Gadelians /rem Gothia to Spain, 

■RAHA, son of Deyalia, the eighth in descent from 
E^iver Fair-knee, emigrated from Gothia, near Crete and 
Sicily, to Spain in the South of Europe, witii the crevv« 
of four ships; as Gilla Ksevin asserts in this stanza: 

Braha, son of Deyalia dear, 
Passed from Crete to Sicily ; 
Four ships fair-sailing, safely bore 
These to Spain, in South of Europe. 

It is from Braha that Braganza in Portugal is so named, 
and there is the Dukedom of Braganza. These are the 
four chiefs who accompanied Braha in his voyage to Spain ; 

VOL. I. U namely 

* i. e. Gaels; the Irish and Scots sa called. 


-) U]^c r^y^\- iii>^c ?^llo]n riije Nenud)!, '^OAnr*!! •] Ca)(>ii, 
cejr)»e l!inanin.v rt'a^ j r^'ir^il* Aim\y ]\- ^ac Ifijns rjoft, -j 
tukAT^ r)i] niAt)mafiAai]t lucr nv\ cH)rt'iij)v rrecr ]-")]» t?o]b 
.1. <v]j» j-l)o6c Cluibiil ihjc Iiipher. ViCr ceiVon* rujijc ram 
<on la)re5omu3nr]]tm]Cvillojr», ^iilieagAT^ujle^onejcneB^. 
Cvinjc ]:>'vp n-a ■cj^tjf ]*]n o]i]t(t, •) Jtu^At) BjjeojAn mac 
l3]tara. 1|- t't an Bjicojan |-)n "oo Bjtjp jomat) car a))i an 
Caj-pajn, ■) jj- e loo ciiihraj^ no no rojajlj Djijo^anj-ja, 
la)Tfi ]»)]• an cC]ui)no, | ro)v Biijtcogajn y^n c'Ciuijnc }:«'jn. 
Bonat) iijme ]')n <v -oe)]* ^jolla Co^majn an )ian yo. 

Do Bjtjp mojt ccomlail ]y cc<vf, 
d])t fluAJ Ga[-pa)ne iiaiiac, 
Bjteojan na nrjeogal 'p na nj;l)a6, 
le M-a nropnao bjvjo^ATipja. 

Oo Bar^ t»e)c mjc a^ '^^^ mBitcojan yp, .1. Bjieo^a, 
Fuaj-p, sOiijjtffjmne, CiujI^ne, Cuala, Biar, Gjbleo, 
Nap, Jf, j Bjlt'. ^s^Ac jmoj>)io ro'n Biijlc j-jn eaUiii ts'ft 
^5")^n ^^jk'^ 6a]'pv*)ne, *) ta]i c^fi gup b'e Bjle nujne 
fce]5enac ajjnfij^fpp vo clojn Bhueo^iijn r<ii"> p*n ^uAf* 
majpi^t) a fcjjtjc ugoajjt an rp^ncuj-a gup ab e B)le mac 
]:* fjnea^ Bjteojan. '^OMF^T iniojtjio, tso pljocr B)»eov;a)n, 
1 *jl* Tigabiijl iie]]t- u]Mri6j]» na Spajne loojb, rapU mac 
<v]«]tacrac, oDibejirac a^ B)lc, mac: Bjuo^ajn, t)\\ n^ojjtf j 
"Salaih, DP ]»]p ]Kv)o-«^}» ^A^jlen Gapp^jnc, -j r»o 5aB mjan 
€ XMil ijon coBla]5 r'o^u)!') na Spajnc ro'n Sc)-)a •o'yjo]* 
A Blta)^li(j;^c r)o Dc.vnarii yroma rojB, •) ^ ccjnoo a)|i an 
cc(;mAj]ilc I'jn no, cojiij^frj' rjJjocan Icmg lejp *j no cujp 
<i HTojpnc l«jc]»!iine joiica, j rc-jn a)]J mujji rXojpitjan j 
no tjijall ^o l»f')riin)]ipr po)]i l)un tiujn no Shjpjlja •) no 
ChptTa 50 l»a)n)5 an Scjrja, -j a]]t jtocrajn ) rrjjt an pjn 
no, no cii)i» pt^'ala uajo 50 lleylojjt, mac Nomajn, .1. an 
jij5 no T)) ajp an Sc)r.]v\ ,\n r^n ]-]n, •) pi no plj(»cr Keflojjt, 
rh]c K]]:]ll, no Tiiajr^majp fuap an Keylojjt po mar Noma jTl. 
^l;ali Ji^)n35, jmopito, V;ijleo no larajp Kcplojp, p^^jlrj^ep 



namely Oig}', Ugy, the two sons of Allod, son of Nenual; 
Mantan and Caiclier. There were fourteen married cou- 
ples and six soldiers in each ship ; and upon landing 
they defeated the Race of Tuhal, son of Japhet, who 
then inhabited the country, in three successive battles. 
However a sudden plague seized the sous of Allod, so that 
they all died except ten. They grew up after, and Brogan 
son of Braha was born. This Brogan was he who defeated 
the armies of Spain in many t)attles ; raised or built Bri- 
gantia, near Corunna, and Brogan's Tower in Corunna 
itself. Hence Gilla Kevin com])Osed this verse : 

iVIany battles, many fights, 
Against the Spanish spirited host, 
Brogan powerjul fought and won, 
And then Bragantia founded. 

This Brogan had ten sons, Broa, Fuad, Murhevny, 
Cualgny, Coola, Blaa, Evlo, Nar, Ih and Biley. The son of 
this Biley, then, was Galav, usually named Milaof Spain, 
or Milesius ; and although Biley be the lastpcrson enumer- 
ated above of the children of Brogan ; yet ancient authors 
affirm that Biley w^as Brogan's eldest son. When then the 
Race of Brogan grew and obtained the sovereignty of al- 
most all Spain, Biley son of Brogan had a son of extraor- 
dinary endowments and might, named Galav, who has 
been since called Mila of Spain.* A fancy sci;:cd him to go 
with a rtect, manned with Spanish youths, to Scythia to visit 
his relations and pay them respect : upon makingthis deter- 
mination, he equips thirty ships and supplied them with 
adequate crews. He set out on the MediteiTan can and sailed 
directly N. E. by Sicily and Crete, until he reached Scythia 
and upon reaching land there, he sent intelligence to Re- 
flore son of Neman, then king of Scythia, and of the race 
of Reflore son of Rifiil, whom we mentioned befjre. When 
l^lilesius appeared before the king he got a gracious recep- 
* And cJlcd by moderns, M'desius. 


jiojrtie, •) ] ccen A)m]*}]ie x>a c-)]- )-jn t?o ]^y^c 4n \i]i, r<ojf£6 
A))t puaj, rid Scj^jtv ibe '| ro ph6|- a ]nv;^n ycjn j*]}- na]^ 
b'Ajnm SCT15, ijui^ D'DJ'^r ^^^'^^ r^o.K Oofi-j^)]i»i6 l''eblin(ir. 
]<x]i cca)f^ni )mo])po j-oUr' aimi-)}>e ro ^hjlec yan Scj-)A, 
00 ej|^]5 y)mvvo A)fj[' le]p ) n-u jnjt) n]Bi-e|t5ac •) \i\c-\ 
yops\ t>ut),'cvn4Tiii*vvn cc)]C, lofiuf rpjo j-jn 511)1 511*0113500^ 
lucr n* ciijce 5 ) n')ii e, ) m^j ru moru)^ An 1^15 Replo)|t 
rjn t>o 5aB p:;!* e 50 rrjocf at) 5<<^3l§,'6 ii-a a^aj-o ]-.e biiAjn 
)»j05AC-A 11* Sc)rjA 6c, ^ ro ^05A)1» ra X))b-\r\ pn '?si)lcr t>o 
mA'iBar, ^ij oen 50 |iA)Be ]C ] n-4 cl]ATfiA]ii A)5e. '^0^ r»o 

Tn^Bab lc)re, •] Itjj- pji) cuj;iO]- c-ni)riiU5At> 'jcomfjnol a)11 
A ifi-;]n-)lt t>) e|- yejn ■) r:5 aj)i nuijH 50 Ijon r]i] ;ncjo 10115, 
•^ ro rtijAli 50 ite]m-b)ji^c a]|^ i-nu]]» Coi^pjAn 5.) i>A)n)5bun 
]-]totA N}1, 1 A)]t ^^?/^ 3 ^^1l^ <»n n" "°°' "^^ ^-^'JI* ^£^-4 
^^o PhAjiAO NecTonjbur ida ftijj'nc])" 6 ycjn ro -ecr, r^o'n 
cjm 'I cu)lȣi- AH ]i]5 r^cr-A ) ccojfie ^<ih)lgo, ^ A)]t jnc'-iijn 
CO Uf A]]* -00, fAjIrjsef }to)ihe, -] ru5 yejiAfi r»o pejn -j r'A 
Tnr.]nrj)j ]ie a a]t:]ii5a'6 fan rj]i. BonAo A5 FAjpie^j- ah 
ciii^ii]- ]•y^ '^'ih]\^-b 6'n ScjrjA 50 h65jpt a tA BjoiIa CoiiiAjn 
j-An pAfi ro : 

R6 5U]n '2tl))l<;^r>, y* mA]f cIap, 
Hcplfj))^ n)on bo )i6 ATibpfi; 
\io ycii]c 50 c]>iiA)-6 6'n r]|t t-aII ; 
50 r)iur. Njl 5') ipuAjit yj^iun. 

ru}^ A T^5*o)it 50 1iaBa>c4J An •c]Ay nriAC ]^U5 S^n^p^^n 
Royk)))t ro '•>'(ih)l£r, in^ a ri UoFi ) ^]]^o6 F^^bi^uAr mAjt 
«)n "|t)j- A5 T-ocr ro'n f^5)pr ]a]i n-05 a mAr^ yAn Sc)T)a. 

C^Ia yi'n Am yp co5Ar moyt jrjjt }*hA)»AO ] ytj^ n* 
hGrjopjA, ro p)nc PHajiao rcojj-g^G yluA^ ro '^b^ler, )^ 
mj^f A c)tof<\r,rA •] a CAlmAcrA, j ccojfie fluAjj nA hGr)op)A, 
) ^'"b F')" ■) f'^'^f ^* hC'-jop)A )omAo cAf -] cojnblj^cc 
ri ci).c- t^i I* t'jpjs j( niAr Ajf^y le '^Ojler 'j 50 nrj^r Ar a 
Aiti ■) 4 oyjir<;ftcnf ^a nA cjtjodAjB, }onu|p ^o rtinjc re j-jn 


tion, ar^d the kin^^ made him commander in chief pf Oio 
§cythian army, and gave him ip marriage his daughter 
Sheng, who bore him two sons, Donn, and Arpy Fevroc. 
When Mila resided some time in Scythia, he had great suc- 
cess against malefactors and robbers inthe country, insomuch 
tjiat he was greatly beloved by the iniiabitants. But when 
the king Reflore perceived thjs, he was seized with appre- 
hension that Mila would come against him, to deprive him 
of the sovereignty of Scythia, and he therefore plotted to 
put him to death, notwithstanding that he was his son-in- 
law. When Mila heard this, he took an opportunity to put 
to death king Reflorp, and collected and assembled his own 
faithful adherents, and put to sea with the crews of three 
score ships, and set out straight into the Mediteri-anean, 
'till he arrived at the Mouth of the Nile. Whep he landed 
there he sent an embassy to Pharaoh Nectonibus, telling 
him of his arrival, and the king answered his embassy. 
When Mila appeared in presence, he received royal wel- 
oorjie, and land of inheritance was allowed him and his 
people. It is. to verify this peregrination of I\Iila from 
Scvtliia to Eg}'pt that GiUa Kevin vvrites this Stanza ; 

Mila brave, of great descent, 
Slew mighty Rellore, never weak : 
He quickly fled the hostile land ; 
On bank of Nile he lands obtain'd. 

The reader is to observe that the two sous that Sheng, 
daughter of Reflore, bore to Mila, namely Donn, and 
Arey Fevroe, accompanied him into Egypt, their mother 
having previously died in Scythia. 

There happened jit this time a great war between Pha- 
raoh and the king of Ethiopia. Pharaoh made Mila mar- 
shal of his forces, from his opinion of his braver\' and con- 
duct, against the host of Ethiopia, He and the Ethiopians 
had many battles and conflicts, wherein Mila was so suc- 
4;;p6sful that his fame and re Down spread through the na- 

Sornig PhdjiAO a jnjon y.'jn n-A mn^] -oo, -^ Scot a b'^]^^£P' 

^mjHSjn. •] CO Va^Ajjj jiocmjn riA he^jpre, x?o '^]ki'b x>o 
cu-jp xj'\ fpji tJeA^ t>o ri* hogujV) oo Bj ) Ti-,i yodajft ji jn 
t'fo^tujm pii)m6^,m T14 be^jp-e ^o liejr ro 540. vOn cylj 
cljj-re.] n-4 cejjio ):ejn j cc^il n* j-eic mb!j>A54n 00 com-' 

J n-ejjijfi CO j;i']^oj|- 4 I'ljccc p4] -ep 50 bi:mc4p,\c, -j 
ollamujs^^]! r))j yjcjo long lejp ^up 6u)j» l.-u]}t«^n yhu\]^ 
lonra -^cejlf^Bftup TOO Pbajuo. r}i)AlInp jmojtjto lejp j-)!! 
6 bun jjior* Njl »\)]i mujji rroijijijAn 50 rt^njc j rrjjt ) 

}»u54t) Jp TTiAc VO)l(^c. CpjAllup ap p)n 50 tiO)l<^n c'* ngojlt- 
f£p Borja, d r* pAn ffAjpse Ciojl tejo fan ^jst'jn buc raajo 
-J 00 jijne j-gl coiiinuj^fe an p}n, ^ohvAc Aii co pa^ ScotA 
rriAc CO c'a n50]pt) Colpa ad clojcjm. 

Cp)Alla)c Ap |*]n fATi tcol but) ruA)c pcApup An GopAjp' 
*j ^p)A pe ce)le, •) lA]rh cle pjp An eo]tA)p pj^ 50 painj^ 
CpujfjnruA)ic ]>6 prt)D'-ep ^Um. '^jps-^p jmoppo jmgll 
ftA cpjce p]n Ico, ^ cpjAllnjc ca c)p p)n UjtTi o^f pjp ap 
mB]iorAjTi mojp 50 pan^Ac^ bun ppof a Rejn -j Ujm die 
p)f An ffpAjn^c pjAp buc cpp jup gAbpAO cuau ca e^p 
pjn pAU B)pcA}n. ^jp pcxrujn c^cpa pAn cp)c pjn cojb, 
r]5)c A BpAjfpe c'j:A)Ir)U5A'6 pe '^)!^c ^ nocru)c co Tia 
^or) 50 n-joniAc s^crpon c]\e co bcjf 45 commbuAjpijc 
UA cpjce pjn j UA liC^ppAjne u)le. 9^)p nA clo]- pjn co 
^(ihjlpc CO ciijp rjnol Ajp a pAfirujb ycjn ypc nA hGAp- ' 
pA]ne -jAjp ccpiijpjii^Ac ) n-.on UfAjp cojb, rpjAllup Ico 
•J Ic l)on An coBIaj^ co chuA]c lc]p yejn pAn rjp j n-Af;A]C 
v\ n'Fo''] '} nA n-edrp(vn 50 rru^ cej-^po nucTTiAm cj'a^ • 


tioBs^ that consequently Phiiraoh gave him his own daughter 
in marriage. Slie is called Scota, as being the wife of Mila, 
who was of the Scoiic Race. She bore him two sons in 
Egypt, namc'ly Eivcr Finn, and Avergin. As soon as 
Milesius reached Kgypt, he sent twelve of the young men 
in his suite to learn the principal arts of Egypt, until each 
was expert in his own at the end of the seven years that 
Milesius resided in Eg}"pt. 

Milesius at length reflected that Caicher, the priest, 
had long before prophesied to his ancestor Lavhnn, that 
it must be in Ireland liis posterity must obtain established 
sovereignty. He then equipt three score ships, supplies 
them wuh crer\-s and takes his leave of Pharaoh. Setting 
sail then, from the Mouth of the Nile, into the Mediter- 
ranean, he landed in an Island bordering on Thrace. It 
is called Irena, and it was there that Ir, son of Milesius 
was born. He thence proceeds to an Island called Gothia, 
- in the Strait leading into the Northern Ocean ; and he de- 
layed there some time ; and there it was that Scota bore 
him a son, who was named Colpa the Swordsman. 

They moved thence into the Northern Straight which 
separates Europe and Asia, and passed on, leaving Europe 
on the left till they arrived at the land of the Picts, named 
Alba. They spoiled the border of this country and pro- 
ceeded after that, leaving Great Britain on the right, till 
they arrived at the mouth of the River Rhine ; and S, W. 
with their left to P'rance, and landed at length in Biscay. 
When they landed in this country his relations came to 
welcome Mila, and disclose to him that the-Gothi and ma- 
ny other foreigners were harrassing the country and all 
Spain. Upon hearing this, Miia summoned his own ad- 
herents throughout Spain, and when they were assembled, 
he marches at their head, with the forces of the fleet he 
had led to the country, against the Gothi and foreigneri» 



54T) y^jn 50 n-4 5)^4)6)1-)^ m^ 4 t4)o cUfia B]ieo54]n rhjc 

Do bj yi'n dm j-o t>a mac 10^45 1 jrjcc 45 '^'^jl^"^, arnAil 
i tjcjji dn f jle. 

ClijO^d-o mac •] t'U rridc, 

P) i'4)n)5 D)ob, -oejriijn l)n, 
<itz «n ocr^j 50 hGjpjn. 

Do Bits^ 3rno]i}io, ce)f]ic mjc y]C^^ rjoB ]-)n l^u^At* 
*]]t l^nafiAic t50, yul "oo r]i)4ll dp ,xn Spajn co'n Scj-^ja 
■J dn t))dp ban t)0 bj popra djge xdj^^'o ] n-jajc, )tu5 dn 
t-oir^ ejlc 60. S^^nj jn^^n Replojit jijj na Scjrjd jtug 
t>jdj- -olob pan Scjrjd .1. Don ] ^]]»5^c-]:(^b]iudr> ; *] Scotd 
)n5^n Phdjtdo Necronjbup i^ug dn pc]p£]t cjle rjob, m^ 
d ri ■ojAp pdn 65)pr .1. C)b»^]t-p)()fi -j '^innjii^jn ; )p d)i» 
mujii Chjtdcjd ; Calpa an clojojm pdn corjd ; ^^jiafidn ■) 
6j)ieTfi6n pan todljpjd : 

^))t j5pdp co'n rpljocc pjn Bh]<co54]n injc Bjidfd ro 
bd t^ n^]icnis| -o'vOn-n^^c pdn Cdppdjn ; •] d])i rhej'o a 
n-o)ltb^lt'-, fo <iu]ii£t5.j iKjmpd rujll^o fldjff^pd no i;dbd]l 
t!0 Ve)c ejle. ?^r>b.j ojlo pup 00 bj dcd, m^ r<jld ]te \]u 
Pd hud]}tc pjn, re]jtcc b)6 pan Gappajn, j-e^n pc Tnl)lid5juv 
pjcjn, r)vc )omdo rjoiimujj na hajnij-jjie pjn, ^ r]>e jomd-o 
nd ccojnBlecr: rvjU ^uOji]'.* -j na tior) j ^ac cpong ejie 
^^crfton pc )iabat5<j dg ^lejc pa jmcopnam na hCappdjne. 
CjftjT) u]mc pjn covria)]ilc cjd an c]*)Oc d)]» d noednr>jp 
bjidif, no C]d CO cii]itp)6c c'd bjidjf, j )p j cojna))tlc d)i» 
^ C)np<^r, Jc nridc Bjtoo^ajn, ni]c Bjiafa, t50 bj ) n-a 
cujne SAlpC2,mu)l, -j pop fo bj nsmijo, coUr, jp na l)«^Id6- 
nvijb, CO coga ]\c cul no b|»d)f o)le)n na hCjii^ri, ] ]p t'"- 
djr d]]t ^ f■.)^u^c^J d]]t an ccorhdi]ile pjn dj; rop Biteo^ajTi 
pdii Bhdljpjd. Jp ni.j p)n r.jla rojb Jc co cu)t 50 hC)]»)n, 'j 
nj ui^ d ce)]no 'o)ion5 cjlc, ^iijt ah ) nrllujb njiiic o)t)ce 
5ejThit]6 CO cpndjjic cu linillac tuji* Blijicosajn j ; 6]]i 


fi'Jwm he defeatec] in 54- hattle?, so as to expel th.em •utof 
Spain ; most of\Ahich he luidhiskinsmon, thefons of Dro- 
jjan, son of Bralia, held in tiovercignty. 

Mila at this time had thirtj'-two sons, as the Poet {»ays ; 
Tliirtv sons and two 
ilad Mila of fairest hands i 
None of these, we certain are, 
But eight alone reached Eirin. 
There \fc'ere 24 of these sons born natural children to 
|iim before he went from Spain to Scythia; but the two 
wives successively married to him bore the other eight, 
bheng, daughter cf lieflore. King of Scythia, bore two 
pf them there, namely I)onn, and Arey Fevroe ; and Scota, 
daughter of Pharaoh Nectonibus, bore the other six ; two 
in Kgypt, Kivir Finn^ and Avergin ; Ir in the Sea of ThracO ; 
Colpa of the Sword in Gothiaj and Aranan and Eiri- 
von in Galicia. 

Upon the encrease of this i-ace of Brogan son of Braha, 
they were of sutiicient power to cop^ with apy one in Spain i 
and from the greatness of their superior valoif they un- 
dertook to establish more sovereignty in another quarter. 
They had another renson for tliis too, that a scjarcity of pro- 
visions happened at this time in Spain for 26 years, on 
account of the great drought of the seasons ; and from the 
numerous conflicts which happened between them and the. 
Gothi, and eveiy other foreign people wjth whom they 
contended in defence of Spain. They then consulted 
together what country they v.ould explore, or whom they 
would send to reconnoitre it; whereupon they determined 
tQ choose Ih, son of Brogan, who was a valiant man, and 
also well hiformed and intelligent in the sciences, to re- 
connoitre the Isle of Eirin. This counsel they formed 
at Brogan's tower inGaUcia; and thus it happened that 
they sent Ih to Eirin ; and not as some others assert, tha^ 
he observed it like a cloud on a winter's night from the top 
«f Brogan's tower 3 for there was acquaintance and inter- 
VOL. I. X coursti 

mBolg, r<i)llte yn^^n '•W!h<i^Tf)6j]i ]»)^eaj-pA)ne T)omnco); 
150 <ii^cr4'0]p rp* lor <v)]t Te^ hc]z a^ c^nuj^ecr ^ ^^^ niA- 
lA)]iv <t p-£]»|tat) "] <i ]*eo-o <v)|t g^xc r^b ]\c ce)le, pfmi- 
50 ]iA]Be o)rne n* hej]i^n A5 G*]*pa)necu)V), 'j ajfne r* 
hCAj-pijne A^ Gj)tefi6ii]l> ]-ul jtu^Ati )r mac Bjieo^ajn. 

DaU )r ]molt]to ollmuj^f ^]t loii^ lejf, ■] cujii^f t]i] c,o^i-o 
Ivo6 ro5fii -p'e, ■] r]i].\llui" A]]t mii]]i ^o y^u-^av^ ro'n k-jf 
fuajt) tj'Gjjtjfi, ^u]\ 5cvl)AOs| ciun ) mb)i^nt]ucc TTi<t)5e 
Jce ; *]m^ jtijnjc )i ) rrjit, 100 jijn jo-obajjic t>o Neptuii, 
10J4 TA mapa, 'j tj iijTicr»j na reniAjn rpocru^ tjo ; K')]* 
j-jn rart5,aT>j "rpon^ ro Vucc na t)i)ce ro TAbaj]tt ]»)]• } 
Sco)rB(^)tla .1. ) nRajoejlj, 'j tso jliesujjt fC)|*)ii j-an r£,n- 
^uj-6 ceon* y\-o, ') 4 tjubiijj^t b''l* ^^ ^^ '-^''i^&Ob ^^^J*' 
yeju AriiiV]! ran^ar^pr, '] 511]* <vb Sco)rbi'a}iU f* rc^n^A 
buriAt)A|'tic '66 rejn, <>rnA)l t50 b'e tjojbqn. s( rip riA pen- 
Ctt'oa Ajii Vojtj DA h4jT-c|-)n ]'<m leb^ 5ab4U a^ a jiap gujt 
l)'e ATI ScO)tBeA]tlaj jit- l^Aj^re]^ tcojpclj, y* '^ti^a bunA- 
■cAfAc tso NejiTiQ^'T, '] ti'A AjcTTie, ^ t)A jif^j]^ fjfi A^ ]:o]tAib 
Bol^, -] CA \tc]]i j-jn A^ t^uAtAjb "ce f AriAfi. 0]|t jf jncjtejDte 
yjn Aj" ATI n]6 a tiubiiATn^ fuAj- ^u]i Ab c Bu)6a1, mAc 
Cafcojl^, A]]i irujtAjleiii Pliejn^uj-A Fa]1|'U3^, liJ5nA Scjr)A, 
iro cu)]^ An ScojrbeitU ] '^^-%t>i 1 ] n-ojtnuSAt'; ^onA^ 6'n 
TilBvOrAl ]-)n ]tAjt)re]t f^^jfel^ ]i)f An ScojrbeAjilA, AniA)l * 
*ouB}^Am,j ciup Jf TvOj-CA jmoi^jto to bj An BujidaI p a£ 
iniinAo ]'Col ccojrceri j-An ScjtjA jnA t>o f)t)AlJ Nejni^t) aj]i 
5cr]iA 6'n Sqr^A 50 liCjiijn, -] «'>f e An Sco^rbtAjtU f^ 
r^n^A co)rcen yan ScjrjA An ryiAt ■oof|ijAll NejTn|^v Ajpe, 
100 i^ej]t nA ]-(2ncA-6A6, jf e An ScojrbeAiilA jta r^n^A tjl^j* 
TO NejniQ,^ -) t)'A pijjijfi A5 r^cc j n-Cjpjfi loojb, •) c^ 
jJeji^ ]")n 5<*<^ bAbalciif TA trAnjc iiAjri Ajp Gjjijfi, no r*'* 
f\]Oct ; nj A)]nb)ni m]c '^bj'co tsAjt ri^ngA tjjl^p An Scojr- 
bL'A]ilA, 6 00 JA^njb Kjul An S( j^jA 'gnp An Amp. Cig 



bourse previous to tliis between Eiiin and Spain, since 
Eohy, son of Eaic, the last king of the Bologues, married 
Take, dangl)terofiMavore,kingof Spain; tiiey used then oil 
ieiiherside to practise trailic and comuierce, and an ex- 
change of their wares and valuables, one with another ; so 
that the Spaniards knew Eirin, and the Irish were acquaint- 
ed Willi Spain before Ih, son of Brogan, was born. 

Ih then prepared a ship, and ii; was rrianhed with 150 
j)icked men ; and sailed until they arrived in the North of 
Ireland, and anchored in the swampy harbour of Moyihha. 
As Ih landed, he sacrificed to Neptuiie, god of the Sea, 
and the demons made bad prognostications for him ; on 
this some of the natives came, who conversed him in the 
Scotic language, i. e. ih Gaelic or Irisli, and he answered 
iheni in the same tongue; a,nd said, that he was descended 
of Mag g a3 they were themselves; and that the Scolic 
language was his native tongue, as it wai their own. The 
Historians, accbrding to this passage in the Book of Con- 
quests, assert, that the Scotic language, called Gaelic, vi-as 
the native tongue of Mewy and his people, and conse- 
quently of the Bologues, and also of the Tnuha Dedannan. 
This indeed is credible from what we mentioned above^ 
that it was Gaeyal, son of Eihor, at the request of Fenius 
Farsa, that regulated and arranged the Scotic language; 
so that it is from this Gaeyal that the Scotic dialect is named 
Gaelic, as we said before. This Gaeyal was teaching public 
schools in Scythia, before Nevvy emigrated from Scythia 
to Eirin ; and as the Scotic \v;.'s the general language of 
Scythia when Nevvy moved thence, according^ to the ari- 
tiquariesj the Scotic langu«ige was the proper language 
• of Nevvy and his people on their arrival in Eirin; and 
hence of all his posterity, not to mention the sonsof Mi!a, 
whose native tongue was tlie Scotic frony;he rime thatNiul 
left Scythia to the present day. KichardCreajh, priipite 


Rpj*C4po Cj'r.&ljAc, P}i)Ofnj:A)t> Cj{»^n, Icjj- ad njo fO f<tH 

<k5 j-o m^ 4 ^(')Pj " ^^ ti\ (\ii Bh40]t>^l5 j njriAf u^rto ) n-0)|j)rv 
^' 6 tg.icNejriijor)tjoc<vr> »\;h j-e ceo bIjAJAjn ]<jnt))l)n qU]^ 
•' An 16 ) n-juih."* Do p^jjt a nruKjidm^, n'j ojcpe)r>fe 
gujf <vb 3 Scojtt<?<\)»Iv^ r)'A5AlK\)m Jc'fCuocft l>c U«nau a 

Jmrup* li "00 f)'*y!**^Jb ^'^ ^71' D^' A)Tmi n<v c)t)6c t?j()B, 
"7 c)* "CO Bj ) u-iajf(5»i- <vn t(\n i')n jTlce. Nocrujn *n pi)j>£rr 
f}n r-jla frj)i < ]H criip ^u\\ <\b )n]|* CaI^a jta hAjnm r)o'n' 
^^)^' *)5i^J*<^' 1*^ ^V] "^)c C eitmAOA '^'ijiBcojl, mic atV 
Drt^oA, t>o ^6j ) jfiajcgf jn-e u)i» jgJuj^^it ^ac ]te nibl)*- 
^Ajn, fliriAjl A x5ulj)iAni^ tuAi", 50 tr^lA AYi t)»At |-jn ) 
n-0)l(£(i Nojt) ) rt Ajpc^jtr UlAt) jar, -j jao ] n-jmpgfAn 
]>e cejie pA i-eATAjft a j-^n. rpjAllup Jf, jnioftjto, A]|t n-A 
clop j-jn, m^ <on jte t>iv rrj>ji\n pa i:()j}tne cahjc ) n-* Vojn^ 
Icjp ; ^ m^ rAnjc co Vaca)}* ci jn ■ re)iTnAr>A, pAjlrj^jo 
Iiojme, ■] po]llpj5}^t) pA-t <r Ti-]m)i£fAin •60', iioiruf r^^JD^^ 
«o)l5fjn, TDo'n Igr e-^e, 511)1 Al) r)teip^|tu^AX) mA|tA ranjc 
y^jn txj'n cj»)c, -) TiAC pA)Be aI>jia p^oj coihnujce no 
B^AfiATh ]i>re, Arct t:)1)a11 T\]i Ajy t5'A ^j}t p'']"- ^J'^'o Tn<j 
"00 mef At) leopAtii It 'oo Bc)t jro^lAmfrt", citjouA, "00 fo jax?^ 
) n-A BffejfgTTi pn ymjie 'ait x5o bj £ omjia e, i )f j bji^t 
j\u5 e/oj»]tA, nA j-eo] ^e x>) jio^i r]ienA6 ; -). le)|- pp tjo'grti) 
<»5. uioIax) ta hCj^tgn, 7 a "puIjajhc ^uji" B'«^qC<5))» ^o b) 
}iTii»effln groiqiA 7 Ijonmajjie ha hjfjfc pA rh'jl 7 pA th^f ; 
JA j«i'c -J pA VAdt ; pA )f; ^ pA ^)^ ; 'i mep^oACc a hAjtseojp 
*)j> tgf -J A)|i puAdr, 1 A t5ubA}|<c pc')p DA jiojiiC) An cji» 
tJtfenAC ^copHA, 50 jiAj^jA |pu]»tu)I^ ujle jnte. Ce]l<^b}tAp 
)4 -OA cyy f}n tjo}^, 7 tjijillup tn^ <on ]ie n-A deo hoi 
ij'pjop A Tu)n5C. DAkdlojfi'j Ch(^|tniA'DA tu5At3^r>'An-A))»e 

* Gallica lociitio est in usu in Illbf rnia, ab adventu N(mc(Ii> anno 630 
a &i]uTi«» io hunc us<}ue diem. 

wf Irt-Linil, agrees to this circunistance, in the book which 
he wrote of the origin of the Gaelic and the Gadehan peo- 
ple. Thus he says, ** The Gaelic has been constantly used 
*' in Ireland, since the arrival of New}', 630 years after the 
" flood, until this day. " According to what we have men- 
tioned, it is improbable that Ih o.nd the Thuha Dedannart 
conversed together in the Scotic language- 

As to Ih, he after this asked thcni the nanie of the coun- 
try, and who was then in sovereignty there. These peo- 
ple, whom he first met, disclosed to him that Inis Alga was 
the nuuie of the country; and that they were the three 
sons of Carmatl Milveol, son of Daghda, that held sove- 
feignty in ita:lternatelyyear about, as we mentioned before, 
i\\\a v^eie then at Oleach-Neid, in the North of Ulster, 
and in contention with each other concerning the wealth 
of their ancestors. Upon hearing this then, Ih went on, 
^ith Md thirds of the crew that came with him in his ship,- 
and as he crime in presence of the sons of Carmad, they 
received him courteously, and disclosed u!nto him the cause 
of their contest. He declared to them, d» the other hand, 
that it ^vas throitgh stress of weather he had come on 
shore, and that he meant not to delay, but to sail 
back to his own country. Ho\f ever, as they thought Ih to 
be learned and experienced, th^y chose hira as Judge in 
the dispute between them ; an'd his decision was for them 
to divide the wealth into three ecjual parts ; then he began 
to praise Eirin ; and declared that it was wrong fot them to 
be in contention with each other, while the Island was so 
abundant of honey dnd fruit; of fish and of milk ; of ve- 
getables and catti ; while its air was temperate between heat 
and cold jandhestill added, that if the country were divided 
in thrceptirts between them,thatitwa3sufticientforthe main- 
tenance of them all. After this', Ih titkes his leave of them, 
and goes witli his hundred soldiers towards his ship. The 
sorjsof Carmad however, sharply noticed the greatness of the 



tJA Jtojdet) lejj- t)ol t)\v cp)t jrejn, r;o rr)oK)j<*o pniao 
fluftjj le]r t>o SA^i)l TiA hCjii^fi, T ]p e njo A]|» <j cyn^v^ 
*^^"*c Co]ll, £o Ijon tft) coD^At) 1«)6, t)0 cu}) n-a rojtuit^^cr:, 
T ^"5*^4 *}P> "00 5<vb Ir |:^.jii ce)]»^6 ajji a miijnr)i» *) 
^usle][• )A"o5o'.J0iA5 Jce buo cuajc, ^u^t po|tp<vo cojutej-c^ 
gro^tl^A yojn 'j %AC Cojll, ^u}i ru)c Jc aTi, -j Jiu^aoij a 
TTiujTir)!^ leo 6 ) ivA Tojns S")* ^*b P *J1> '^"ll* '»^<> ; 1 
ju}^ hAtiriAjcet) ]'An GAfpAjn 6, ^ Tz^]j-h^r\<%v> a 6u)iip -oo 
tTiAcujB "^i-^ji^r) b'A n5]i£ria5AO ]ie rect p'a ■o)05>\}1 50 
ii6j)t]n A)]! (iiojfi Ch£]>m<ioA. )p ccAOjrAri ro tjjmjn^ )fe 
j-£n6up ^ujt Ab Aju Dhjtojmljjrn ipo Tiu|b4o )f, -] t;u)) wb 
A))+ iriAJ Jfe T)0 hAtinA'jcjr* ^-^ ^]-boj6 ]y cojtrjne '[ ]]• j:]]U 

jTlj^e ATI iCAiopAiD tUAJ*. 

Do ^aBa)! ^\\c %h)]eo A)]t 6)jtju. 


De)R Hecro]4 Boer}U]* j-An r]i^f cAbjxijl •00 rtA;)t 
MA h?dbAn, gujt clArit50 bhcoriAl G}V)^]i ^ 6)|t<^m6n, B)^<^ 
r) hcjo'jji pn r^o bejt y'jpjn^c, t)0 bp)5, tjo jte])! CliojtTTiAjc 
niAc Cu]l^nA)n ) n-A dponjc ^\\p b'ye]^ comA]mf}iie t)o 
'■»Ch«))]-) BcooaI, *j a t>e))t)r) ni«j ah ccexsriA 00 p(']]^ «n 
]e>JA)]t gabilA ^iiP <^^ ) cc^n tji] nibljA^fiA *)}» cejf:)tc 
y]t]'o A)]i t>A ceT> ]^ mbATAt) PliAjJAO T;aTiQrt"o^ mjc ^jlgT* 
) n-Gji^^ri, '] T5A \i6]]\ f)n rjo^ b\'p)}^ BsOoaI t)0 beji j 
n-A AtA)iJ A^ Cjbgit no a^ e)|i^>fi6n. )f folluf poj- no 
jtt-jji Choi»mA]c j-An Ajp^iu ^lun tji* ^nj-o 6 BhAUrii o'* 
n^o]Jite|t'^)lgt5 CAj-pajne, pi hAf;A)it r)'e)b^p-)Xi'Cj]i^ri)6n, 
]jo Noe» tiiit yy€ BvO^aI yA bAt*!)* ijoib, ^vg fO ah 



praise passed by Ih upon Eirin; and they imagined, that 
\l' he could reach his own country, he would bring numer- 
ous forces to take possession of the Isle. They therefore 
determined to dispatch ^lac Coil, with a force of 150 men, 
in pursuit of him, and they overtook him. Ih himself took 
the rear of his people, and brought them to North Moy- 
Ihha, where a general engagement took placebetween them 
and Mac Coll, in which Ih was wounded, and his people 
bore him to his ship, so tjiat he died at-sea with them, and 
was buried in Spain ; after hjs corse was exhibited to the 
sons of Mila to incite them to come to Ireland to take ven- 
geance for hira of the sons of Carmad. Some Historians 
are of opinion, that it was at Dromline Ih was slain, and 
that he was buried at Moy-lhha j but tl^e foregoing opinion 
}j more general and true. 


0/ the invasion of Ireland bj/ the Milesians. 

jnL ECTOR Boetius asserts in the third chapter of the 
History of Scotland, that Eiver and Eirevon were sons of 
Gaeyal. However this cannot be true, whereas accordinf 
to Cormac Mac Cullenan, in his chronicle, Gaeyal was a 
cotemporary of Moses ; and they also assert, that according 
to til e Book of Conquests, it was at the end of 283 years, 
after the drowning of Pharaoh, that the sons of Milesius 
arrived in Ireland ; and therefore Oaeyal could not be father 
to Eiver or Eirevon. It is moreover evident, from Cormac's 
enumeration of the generations from Galav, who is called 
Mila of Spain, who was father to Eiver and Eirevon, to 
Noah, that Gseyal was not their father. — The genealogy to 



gejn^lac 50 Noe "oo jtc)]t Choj^mAjc n«/»mcA m^c Cujlgn- 
riAjn. 'BAUm, mac Bjle, mjc B]ieo5d]n, nijc Bpara, 
rfijc "D(^5*r(», rnjc Caj;cat>a, rhjc ^IIojt, mjc Nu.\icar, 
?Ti]c N(£nu<v)ll, Tft]cFe)V)pjc gla)]*, nijc C]b)]t Blunjrjn, tti}C 
Lijrnjrjn, mjc '-^jriojn, mjc t^djr, riijc 05v\mu]r, ni)c 
Bcorhujn, riijc 0]h]]\ Scujr, mjc Sjtu, ifi)C CA|-)ni, m)c 
BsOjoil BhU]p, ifi)c Njiijl, rfijc Fejrijuf* FAjifaj^, irijc 
Bftiif, TTijc ^<,iA^05, rh)c Itjpher, tiijc Noe. 

3jt> be tjo Tejgjrgt) ]-C4)]> |Iecco]i Beot)U|" xso >h£j- yao 

50 ]"«))l§^n fe gup <vb 6 Bhco-c*! ejSjn ejle rAn5At>^ Bu)jo)l 

^IbATi ]-eoc 4n IB^ooaI 6 rc^iTi^a^*! ei]terniu)5. 'Sjccp )p 

16]t l)Om u^-o^ b4<vnrAriia)l ?dbAn<\c ts'd ngoj^fon Joaunei* 

^ajojf 45 <v jtAt) gu]^ ivb 6 bh<0)6cU]b Gjpen ran5ar,j 

B«ojt5)l Vdban. ^i'^ j-o m^ a tsejj^ *' ^ reji^jin, «))+ <vn 

*' 4r)b4 ]-)n, ^j be "opem 6 ffu]! bun<»'DA]- n<v n-6)it|^fiac 

<' ^u)t «b 6'n lojtojn^ ceona tdTT^<\>?^ ^^Ibi^nuj^." T)^ 

BeoA lejp An njo j*o fan ccaxs c^b)o)l oo^n lcb.| r)0 fra)]* 

^^Ujj-e PA Saxati, mil a n-AbAiii, " ) ccon j-eUn A)ni|-)|te 

*' t)0 ^Uc An Bhj^etAjn j n'ojAjt) pa mBjiernAe -j ha bPjcc, 

*' An r]i£f cjnet) 3 ccujt) no ) mj|t nA bPjct cjn^-? t>o fujAll 

" A hCjitjfi m^ ion Jie n-A rrcojj-gi; IleuoA, x?o ^I'l^muj^ 

*' J ^^Y^ "* bP)CT; )onA'D j-Ujtje -oojb y^-jn, le ca)]»0(;^|- no 

*' le liA)]im A tA ] n-A j-ejlb ^uj- ap Am i-o." "^r ]-o jp 

jntuj^f.e t50 jiejH BhecA 5u]t Ab a hGj]i)n co ^uao<j c)noo 

Scu)C le ReutjA a trcojj-^c yc-]n ^o h^lbAjn -j ^o }fiijljr> a 

j-l)0cr An o fop, j 511 ft Ab rjob 5A]]tmf^if Scujr. V^jj 

yo yoj- m^ A tsejjt Humj:)ict»uj' iipo^ B]ii^fnAc, " V^ ta a 

*' ■ogjib AOA pe)n, -j aj cac 511]* Ab cIau t5'Cj]i£ncA)b pa 

"Scujr, ■]5u]i <^h<or^ Ajnm AniAjn^Ajjmij-oluct Ajitrjjte-ne, 

*' .1. PA Bjt£rnu]5 ojob, m^l a ta "S^jt)]!." ^( tA Cdm- 

b}<enp)p j-AP. 10. cAb^ ro'n tji^f tJ^irpij t>o'p \q\j.i t»o 

fcujob A]]t tuAjuifcbajl PA hGjiieu, t>A yojllj-jnjrto 5uj> 



tsoulf is as follows, accordin;:^ to IIolv Corniac Mac Cullenan. 
Galav, soil of Bilcy, son of Brogan, son of Braha, son 
of Deyaha, son of Eiv:i, son iti' Alloid, son of Nooa, son 
of Ncniuil, son of I'civric (}!as, sou of I^iver Fair- 
knco, son of I.iiviinn, sou of Agnon, sun of Thatli, 
son of (^ganian, son of Bcoman, son of Liver Scot, sou 
of Srn, sou of Kasrii, son of Gaval Glas son of Niu], 
son of Fonius Farsa, sou of Iniath, son of Magog, son of 
Japliet, son of Noah. 

^^''lloever would read Hector Boetius's History, would 
(suppose that lie is of opinion that it was from some other 
Gteyal, difl'ereijt fron^ the Gfeyai from whom the Gaels 
of Ireland are sprung, descended the Gaels of Scotland. 
However I am satisfied with what a respectable Scotch 
author, named John Major, says, when lie asserts that 
it is from the Gaels of Ireland, that the Gaels of Scotland 
have descended. Thus he says : " I assert for such reason 
** that from whatever people sprung the Irish, the Scotch 
*' are descen Je(l of the same stock." Bedc agrees in this 
circumstance, in the iirst chapter of his Ecclesiastical 
History of Britain, where he says, " In some time Bri- 
" tain received, after the Britons and Picts, a tliird race 
" in the Pictisii division ; a race that came from Jreland 
*' under their leader P.heuda^ who firmly possessed, among 
" the Picts, a settlement for themselves, hy friendship or 
** arms, which they retam until this time," Ilcnre it is to 
be understood, that, according to Bede, it was from Ireland 
the S'cotic Race went, with their leader Rheudato Scodand^ 
and that their posterity exist there ever since, and that they 
are the people named the Scotch. Thus also saith Hnm- 
fredus, a Welch Author, " They themselves, and all 
** others, are certain that th(;' Scotch are descendants of 
*• the Irish, and they are called the same name by us the 
** Welch, i. e. Gaels." Cambrensis, in the 10th chap, of 
the third division of the book he wrote, giving an account 
of Ireland, explains that it was in the time of Niall of thei 

VOL, i. Y niiiQ 


Ab ]ie V)n Xc)ll noj iijjallii]^ ro Tie]- ■] ifl.i]'cr ^IVC'^ ^- 
ciur^j l"C)[-c]t mac '-^siujjirrcij^ ]iij, llla-r to ll^Ml)^^)n, 5,11]^ 

JScorjA 'o'iijnm <^]]\ 'silbajn rt]]^ rruj-, -j 511)* ab o'n cflo^ii 
yjn J«)5 Uld'T S^Ml^'^i^?:!* C)nor> Scnjr ■o'V(lbv\nca]T). ?tr; ]-o 
Tii«j a re)]t a^ labv>])ir rt])* an cclojil]-] ; "^ '| »\]- ]]n i]* iia"«v 
tjo cltu)!^!^^)]!^^ ') ro fc'»]l»"iQo 50 j-pcj-jjlra cjik;;.^ Sciijr 
TO BlivOjrielujb Vi'lban 6'n am )-jn ^ti]- ] n-)uiii." l)<i 
i'»cj|t a noubjianu^ ]p b)tea>;vtc an "oa iVj-o iitO]-<\i' Hi-crf)]* 
Beorjup ) r^^^Ml* ^'* hVilhan, an ("can n)f> t^job n\j 
f-^jkr ti^'l* *'' ^vOOvtl ]r»i hara))t rn rl(<)n '-JObj'eo, »mi 
ra]t.v iij'r m,j inc|"<»j" v;n)t ab 6 t'.ooal ejj;]n cjU' fan- 
■f aT,j y)^^e b^O]i>][ ^^^ h^tlban, [oc, an "S^ooal ^) rran^acsj 
p.)c *"»'0)lo6 k']» ^abao Cjjijn. Vi TDC]]t Biu''rt'naniii-, I'l jr^ajt 
^ilbanar, ]-»\n j'rajjt ]io ]-r}ijob rt]]t ?<lba)n, ^ujt al) o'n 
fffiAjnc ranjaT^j mjc '-J*>)le-ri ; -j r>o l"ie)}K pAJi lojj- ii'jr, 
rivv jiciipin jj]]* ]'jn. ?in c>.'.\t> ]»C(»)nin "rjob rrisj a n-<tbi\jjf 
t;o }ia]b .\n Thjiajnc coiii-'TsOjnoc y]n, 50 pt>\f> <\n 
cu]t> po"n l'b]i4]nr, jie J^'vj'oroii 'Svillja LujT^unc'ni'jp, 
rp] cea"o nijle yeit jup^t^'i^^, J ujnie yjn ^njt coj-ninjl 
^11 Jt bjiiift: ]'j yojjtne uajfe T'*]r)iit,>v6 }u\ liOjjJon ni<j 
(V rA)p yy}c F-vOjojI. "\^o yjio^jia-b <\-j]i <\n |il'j-uti j-o, 
iivi]* b^j-ej- •oo'ii u^r.j ]"iv ca rjiac ^^Ul{;a^^] mjc 'vO)Ico ) 
n-0]|i)n, -J ni.| |-]i-i nafv b'fri* co a]]t -ra-^nrc no <i])t 
biMjtnec Tf)'n J'hpajnc iju ran ran^ar-j mjc Vs^jloo ] 
n-Cj]i]ri. Nj li)nru]5fe ^^o bcj^cnrac ap ] ]n 5n]i ab 
6*11 ]f)ia]nc ran^a-r.j TvV nibojf; ^o nibjao an KJipajnc 
coniVjonrii^j -j <v t^ejp pcjpjn a bcji; y* txojnjb an ran 
ran^ar*-! mjc "Ojleo ) n-Cji']^; o^p cjut) pap copa t>o'n_ 
J^')i)ia)nc b(]c l)')nin,| yA t>ui)n]b an rjiac pjn, jna no'n 
Spajn 6 r^a1lfar^^J nijc 'Ai)!r6. Oii bjjj^ yjn ]p jnriijjfc 
j;iijt ab yiiajiac an jn'pOn yo iu))i(;y Jbii-bananup pjoy 
*^5^ ^tl'i^^S'*? ?^'i' '*^' "^' l^l'"*)'"^" ranc;rtr>j ni|c Wijlexj 
"CO j'tcjji A nijiuiAriipv*. V^ii Tv^Jia ba-jiariujl bsOranrv^ 



Tirje hostages l)t'tiig 111 tlif suvcn-ignhcjf Ireland^ tljatl)»e 
sis soils ot" ?..Liii:ig}i, Kiii^; of Ulster, wont to Scotland, 
where they i)btaiiied sttcngih and sui)reniacy ; and that 
ui)out this lime that Alba was iirst named Scoiia ; as well 
us alsu iluiL it is liuni these sons of the Kiuij of Ulster the 
Albanians are called tlie Scottish llace. Thus he says, 
speaking of these princes, "Ami hence it is that from 
'' them that the Gaels of Scotland have descended, and 
*• are peculiarlN denominated the Scotic llacc, from that 
" time to tins day." According to all we have said, two 
.things asserted by Hector Boetius, in his History of Scijtland, 
ure ntterh iiuirue : The hrstis, that wherein he imagines 
that Gayal was the father of Alila, and the second is where 
lie supposes that it was from some other Gu:.ya], different 
f/um G;\ yal the aiicest(jr of the sons of Mila, who subdued 
Ireland, that the Gaels of Scotland descended. Buchanan, 
a Scotch Author, in his History of Scotland, asserts that the 
■jiis of IMilacame from France ; and for this, as he thinks, 
he adJhces two reasoiis : 'I'he first of these is that in which 
he states thatPVance wasso populous, that that part of itcalied 
Gallia Lngdunensis would furnish 300,000 ellective men ; 
and thatit was therefore proliablethatit emitted fordi hordes 
to take possession of Ireland ; namely the Gaels. ]My answer 
to this reasoriing is, that this author knew not at what time 
the sons of Mila arrived in Ireland, and that theiefore he 
was ignorant whether France was populous or waste at that 
e[)()ch. It does not necessarily follow therefore, that they 
came from France, even Ihough it w ere as thickly inhabited 
as he stales at the time of the comiiig of the sons of Allia 
into Ii'elaiid ; for why fehonld France at that time be supposed 
»nore populous than Spaiil, wh't^ice the*!uiisof Mila came. 
Therefore it is easily understood that Buchanan's reasbniucr 
t J prove that Milesians originally came from J'Yance, is fee- 
ble and inconclusive. The other weak and vi^ionary sup« 



t30 Be})! z,n]\ <vb 6'n /F)t<v]Tic rinj;^^^ m)c 'nV^)^c"^ 7 
ii-e)j>)r), no b)i)5 50 ipu)!]^ yocujl I lujiic)!) -j r-vojcjl^c 
foTifl/i'; ni4 i* t* t>]i)j' -] ti'm, a rvi )onan ) lF]ia]iicjj-, 
•J J TiB40]t))'l5, *] b^5<^p ojle "t'a ccoj-riiAjl^p '>(^o y|'Oc;]»i> 
■A3'I> (»n jjei-i'iTi ro 50 iri;]l)"r ]:ocii]l rt'i' ^ac a))n -5^115,11)13 
<*)!♦ <*T^ JSs<*"° r<*'^ ceriKviiut) ipjn ro'n ^lu)]■6e)l5 }ie 
j»A)r)teyt 13<^]il*v rejbjtjo, 6 si]mj-i)> r"c)n]i;]\v }>»]»fU]5 j 
Tjuftp, -) m.-} y)Ti 4]riA]i A crtp j:o u]! 6"n IFjiajncfp )t\rey 
* t«)o yocrt)! 6'n Spajpjp, o'n n ertTA)i)|-j 6'n n"S|it)5)p, 
6'n Ti-G(v1jprtj 6'n Lrtjren, 'j 6 wv^c ppji^'T'<jnSA)'6 ejle )fi~e ; 
•J ujme j-}n nj ]-ujt))u5A-6 ft|]t BjkojwujB ro fo]-c^/c 
6'n ffpfljnc $0 TDbyat) be^dn yocrfl jonon ] n&.ojDe)!^ 
•J ] IF)»«)nc>p' 'I <in bejAn jtocaI a -vV jonitfi g-o)i]K»/ 
mgyajm ^ujt nb 6 ^}p\n jtu^rto •oo'ii Fh)>iV]nc jat. 
^b^r ]r "i<^pe TTiefujm |]n, m.j v^ rej]> Sej-^, rfln vejrc'T' 
Ji^B^j t)'* ftdjjt, ^uf> «]) 6 Ojleanujb n<v Bj'gran 00 ^lujo 
t)j<aD]fe tjo'n Fb)»;\)nc, tM) B) j n-A mb|<e)-(pinajb Aca^ 
7 45A mbjOtS Tgitmofi -j ]\oj]ipe, •) CA'cur 6 u>i]j'l)b na 

FjiAince. 'r P"'^£r*<* fc"l* ^'c ")l£^i ^'^ ^'^Jl'C'*^ <*" 
t-ojlgn f]n Ay fl'ji f]ij"All>iTi| n<^ t))i<o)''e t5o'n FhjtAjnc, 
■] '00 Bpjj 5ujt B'j Gj]to. oobsj rifv0]t)ecc4 )^C(»]}> Gojip* 
An ran j-jn, -j ■^n]i b) An &hsO)fe!5 y(\ t-gn^>\ t)0 iiA 
t)j»v0)fjl) c^onjt, no niAi" 6 '^OhAnAjii' t30 t]J)AllAt>4 jj- 
yoUup ^ujt b'j An &h^o)'6gl5 yi ^£"5* ^j'^r '^" D" "^" 
j»6)]i Ojtrellrup, A5 UbAjpc a))^ 'WhAnAjTi, iti,j a n-Abaj)). 
** BnAfu)5)o *en5A nA Scor, no au alkojtsi^i^ a zx\ jonAU." 
t)S jtej]i p)n ]te Vjn beyc A'g munAtj 00 iiA o)»:o)rjb pAji 
ITjtAjnc, ]p copniujl 5Uf^ cogbA-o^ «p 65 nA FjiAjncc, 
6 he]t ) ccAjcugifi nA n-ojmAo, pujin ej^jn ©''pocAiAjb 
nA 5<o;t>jl5e 7 50 |^ujljx> *]]♦ tAjrj-oc j m^pc nA Fj»Ajncjp; 
6 j-o)n jlJe. 

^ t>ejl» CATTixsen, pAn l^b^ o'a ngojjii^jj Bp-jTuriyx 
CAm"oen), 511}* ftb m6 00 fcSApc'ojp nA ■o|i«)j-fce pA'n Am 


jiosition hb makes, in support of liis conjecture that it was 
from France the sous of ISIila came to hcland, is that some 
J^rcnch and Cache words are the same ; such as Dris'^ and 
i)un, and a few others hkc them, that a:re the same in Frencil 
antl Gaehc. j\Iy artsver to this reasoning is, that there arf. 
words from every %vvi':ten ianguiige in ^he fourth di\ision of 
the Gaelic, denonnn^ited Bearla Theibi, since the time of 
Fenius Farsii dourfwards ; and licnce there arc in it, words 
aswell from the Spanish, the itahau, the Greek, the Hebrew^ 
the Latin,' and every other principal tongue, as from tlie 
French. Hence then it is no proof of the Gaels coming fron\ 
France, that there are af6w words the same in French and 
Oaehc ; and even these few, ! am of ©pinion, were taken 
from Ireland to Fran<;e. I am the more confirmed in this 
opinion, because Ctesar says in the sixth Book of hisConi- 
ihentaries, that it was from the British Isles the Druids resort- 
ed France, where they became judges, and enjoyed great 
Hmnunities and privileges ; and were held in high respect 
by the principal men of France. It is very probable that 
it was from Ireland especially that these Drukts went to 
France ; particularly as Ireland w,ls then the spring 
and source of i)ruidic kno<^ledge, and that the Gaelic was 
the language of these Druids,' or if they wciit from Anglesea,* 
it is well known that Gaelic was the native language tliere, 
according to Ortelliusj v/ho,' in speakingol Anglesea says, 
'' They use the Scotic tongue, or Gaelic,' which is thesame." 
Accordingly when the t)ruids were instructing in Gaul, it 
U likely that the youth of Gaul, from their intercourse with 
the Druids, took up some worils of the Gaelic, and that they 
fcvcr since are incorpbr^ted in the French language. 

Camden, in the book en'tided, Britannia Camdent, 
says that at this time the Druids gave more oral tlian written 

* of tlie I5l5 of Man. 


t-)n u r^^afc bcjl t>\v jx-uUjb, jna u j-c]t)Vi]r!. ?vob^ cjl^ 
yoy Aj- n^lJ b'jn^r.a'o pocujl fevOjrjl^e to V)i^]r } nic^rii 
riA F}»A]nc)pj, rti}* liiL'jt! rtn Ct\)o]U'jni "O) Ijj ar; 0)iJpn- 
ciijlj }te I'ficvnciijli, o)]t a ^^*]1* »^ii LnT)»| ralJAlvv, v!i]t 
b'jn^^n "CO ji)^ j•Y»^]l'<•e ja bf,ii r'hi«>)iu.' iiiu|i, y>i 
}i4)tt)j»)5 ^Jl'en, •/ CO ciu]6 <\ii r- Ju?A)TiC|-) rn talKj)! 
iiejpc iiA F)>a]?ict'. Do ciujo Cpjoiiifiiii, iuac i')ora]^, 
•po f-jol Gjbej», X30 bj Tt-A iij5 <^)l'efi, ro ^Abijl iu'i)ir. 
©o'n Fh]»(\)nc. Do cua]o ]:6i- NjaII iio) iic;ia Hnpc', 
<»j»t5p)5 Cjiiru, t5A o)]- ]-)ii, ro ^>\b.;]l iic)]»- ua ]'')t.v)iict', 
^n]v in-jbAt) A^ rl'^'^ Lii5,.v]]» jmu ff}»a)n(' c K'- li(*orMr» 
niivc GanA Cjni-plu)^, jtj^ Laj^oh, ro jn']|t riiojiic.o jf 
pencup. Do cuajo jroj* •^ojij^ cj!o to bj ,<)]♦ C))tiri .1 
DA)rj, niAC FjAciiAc, lo'jAjtjut) }M*)]ir, to gAbi)! ajji an 
ffjiAjnc, til]! tilA}ib (\o]v fc'jurjcc j-ad Icjf. fojit ru'ii 
FhjiAjnCj lAjiii jte j-ljAb V(i{m, c. ^V tejjt nuj am ccc'tiiA 
Co)»hol)U]' rncjrti]- 50 ]>A]b ]io)ri •) CA)t>i»ein ctj^nnj^errA 
jt5)]» Gjpjn 'j ATI I"h]»A)no. Do j'tejii <x ntub}»AiTKj ii) 
lijn^nAO A]l»lc5At yocAl to bcjf; u'u tiTi^ojoojIq jaii 
ffjiAjncjf, -J 6"n IfjiAjTirji* j iiBsOj6ejl3. 'Bjtct tij b)T\- 
tujgte »»f rjh 50 hej^encAC ^\\]^ ah u'n ^5'ltAJnc to 
fjijAllAt^ f)ne BvOjojl ) n-Cjjtjfi, ujme fjn ]p j-u.^ihtc rfn 
t^A bA]tAniA}l to bcjp Buchflimniip Jf bjicA^A^ pop An 
^I*£r bAitATiiAjl to bo)]^ pe rn.^ A n-AbA)]* ^iift Ab joiiAfi 
nojf-jbeAi-A toFlijtAncujb-] toCjIi^nciijb. Ojii 5]boleA5j:cf 
JoATiTioi- Bsjonjup y-An \^,^^ |io [-cpjob to boayA]b 'j to 
iiofAjb An u)lc cjn^t, to i,^bAt 50 polUp An tiac jonvvfi 

TlUJp Tli bcApA T1A irjVATiCAC "] flii n-GjItjnAi <V I10]|- JTIA a 


Vi te)|^)t cu)t to hA nuAD-ShAllu)t)[-), A3 j-cytjob-vi aj]» 
Cji^jn, b'^l* *■-» t^'^^ niBjjerAjn tii6)1» ran^At-j nijc ^^^j^Pt 

)'imAt yocftl joriAfi 3 mB]terA)Ti)f •)) ntvOjteilj. 9i,^o i:|t^- 


Mistruoi.iiiM to Uu'ir stiuicnts. There is another reason too* 
ihat it is ncjt to be wondered at, that Gaelic words sliould 
}»o mixed in the Frenrb, on account of the great iutercourq 
lictween the Ffeticli and Irish. For th.e book of Invasions 
has it that a daughter of the king of France, wa^ the wife 
of H agony the Great, who was supreme sovereign of Ireland. 
I'.ven tills Hugony invaded France for co-nques;t. Criftan 
soa of Feeyagh, oi' the race of Eiver, who was king of 
lit land, invaded IVance for the same purpose. After^vards 
Xiul of tlic nine hostagt^s went to subdue France, and was 
shiin at the river Loire, l^y Kohy, son of Fauna Kinsela, 
Iving of Leinster, as some historians mention. Another 
supretnc sovereign of Irehmd alsfiinvaded France, namely 
Duhy, son of Fiachra, who was killed by a flash of lightning 
at the foot of the Alps, in the east of thai; country. Cornelius 
1 acitusalsQ asserts that tht'ie e^pstpa trade and commercial 
intercourse hetweeu Ireland and France. According to 
what ^ye have sta^'^d then, no wonder that there should be 
;^ mutual borrowi.-rgof words between the Irish or Gaelic, 
and the French language. Ye!: it must not be necessarily 
concluded from tliis, that it was from France t{iat the Ga- 
dellans came to Ireland. Therefore Bucjianan's second 
conjecture is feeble and groundless. His third surmise too 
is founded in error, where he says the customs and usages 
of the Irish and French are alike. For whoever reads 
Johannes Baronius in the book he wrote of the I\Ianners 
and Customs of all Nations, will there clearly fmd that the 
nianners and customs of the Irish and Prencli are hot alike 
now nor formerlj-. 

Some of our modern English, in writing of Ireland^ 
assert that it was from Great Britain the ^lilesians first came ; 
and their reason for thinking so is, that there are manv 
similar words in the British and Iri^h. Mv answer to this 


W) r(^cc 6'n niB)iera]n mojn c ,^ mi]-. Dii at)l)<j <v ra )t)']* 
]»jn. ?^n ccAn at)1kj 'cjoB t^o b|iJ5 ^ujv B'j ^jn BbJDjrels y<v 
reii^A 'oj'sr ^" Bh)t)(jriu-i nuc Fci^sufa iejrcejlis, iii]C 
Ne)m^t>, -J ^iijt Ab nap ']u)ibre]» B]i)rdfi]A ]'.e B)ie''<iiii, 
w) iie]}» Chojinii\)c itiac Cii}lonvt)n, "ile^^ ngAbiKv na hej]i;^n ; 
-';5u}» 4b ) mBporAjn xjj Ajr)5 j-e yejn ) a pl]oe- r.'* ejp, 
^n]\ cu)]t ejiiemon mac Q\^)l<it) C)tu)tn), l»e ^*)or<^l< r*jcr), 
<»j; comjtojn 11* h'^^ibAn ]i]Uj ^i 50 r-^ujc B]turui' inao 
Sjlujuf, nivvf ^)o]^ x>o 6u]o t^M cqtoinjcjB yejn, uj-roc oji]f a 
'J RoiiiAiui)5 ) n-A "6)A)-o ]-]n, n<v Sa xonej- ra eif fjn, -j 
iLoclonu)5, •) yi pe)iie'6 Ujlljam Buaoac ■) tu FpAiicaj^ ; 
ymii]' 50 trAiijc All u)lip^ fjTi n'anpopltin ec-]ian ojipA, 
iiAjJ V/jn^Urtt. All .Sco)rJ)eA|tU ].a r(;n5-v to Bb]iio-Aii -j 
ri'a j'ljocc t)'A e))' to oul } inbArAO. Bjtc,^?) aii r-j^m^ 
be^ 4 tA A)it niA]itA)n r') ^ah ihuca-o u)le a -a pj yejTi ^ 
411 5h>o)t>2.l5 joTiAfi 411 me]o a -4 6 Ajnifjit BhiijorAjii 
^ATi mA!A)]ir t>j. ^(n TA]t4 IjaoB^ A]- iuc jn^nAO )oniAt> 
yocAl t>o Be]f; joiiAn fAU Bbii^rA^ii)]- Y yvsn bh;o]t)e]l5, 
5]on ^11)1 Ab o'n mBjtjorA]!! rAnjAt?,! iTijC '-v's^jjloo ) r.-Cjiijn, 
w ^11)5 &iil» ^^') ^JP*-' K*^ ^"^^ ■^l'^)" "^^ BbinotAiiAjb i»e Vjn 
^AC letrpopi TA lii]t>eT) o]»iia to rjjjj-c iia IIqjyiaiioc no 
XiA Saxahac, no ^Ac oitojn^e ejle -oa n-jmiiCT yo)iine)ir 
ojtitA, jouuy 50 trjsojy yo]]nte ]omr4 50 n^A mnj}i^]» •} 
^o n-A Tnujn-jft A])! re)fot) 1 n-C^jlijfi ibjoft, 50 tru^ojr 
iiAji'le TiA hCjp^ri ytl«4n A)]t yeo a ccuAjirA r.6jlj, -j An 
yl]ocr TO f)^et> iiArA ]te V)n a noeoiuijsectA to ^•(S^lAnifo)} 
All Shu)]Tij5 leo, 'I A tAj® bA)lre ) n-e)it3ri 4)niiini5ro|< 

llACA, 1114 4 tA &114J5 114 irtB]t^rTlAC, "j Puil TIA mBjl^tllAC 

T- 'I M ^'J"i^ ^"'" Bbjior^M^i ^^ib, to V/jot jotiiat yccAl 
To'n B^opejlw; ai]i ^uAru^AT aca •) 45 4 yljoco t'a u-ejp 
po i'lej^t 4 iiTubltAiiuj n| h)riui£yrA 50 hcj^t^n-Ac, ^uji 4b 
(Vii niBiiorAjn tahsatsI iii)c ^Ojlij^o a)1» trup, r^ con 50 
jpijlp yocA]l ]onAn4 BbiierAjiijy i ] n^.sOjTejls. "^jbe 4 



reasoning is, tliot it i"s no ])vo()f tlmt tiie Gaels first came 
from Britain. lM)r tliis ilicre iirr two ro;isons : First, because 
'Gaelic was tlie native lungu-.iii^e of Britan, sou of Fergus 
Ued-sido, scju of N^-;^v\, and that it is from him Britain i^; 
so called, according- to (.'orniac i\Iac Cullinau and the book 
of the iu\asiqns of Ireland ; and that it was in Britain h-fi 
and his j)Ost<:'rity resided, until I>irevOn, son of iNIila, sent 
theC'ruihnij^otlieruisee.iiled I^icls. tosharei\lba(8cot!and,) 
\\ith theni : afterwards Brutus, sou of S,vl\iu«, if sonic 
of their o'.ti^ chronicles be true, cuuiti in upon them ; 
next tlie Roir?uus ; thcu the hjaxons and J)aucs; and last 
of all "William the Conqueror aijd the Normans; insomuch 
J.ha.t such oppressiqu of foreigners came upon them, that 
it is no wonder that the Seotic dialect, the native tongue 
of Britan arid his race, should be suppressed. IIoweAer 
the little remnaiit of it that exists without utter extinction, 
particularly what has not been altered since tjie time of 
i3ritan, is the same widi the Irish or Gaelic. The second 
reason wliy it is no wonder that niany words shotijd be the 
same in British ynd Irish, althouj^li it be not from Britain 
that the sons of Milu came to Ireland, is because that Ire- 
land was the dernier resort of the Britons during the time 
of their several o^jpressjons fiom the Eomans and Saxons, 
or any others whose force jthey felt; so that many crowds of 
them, with their fanulies and adherents, used to fly for re- 
fuge to Ireland, from the of which lljey obtained 
lands during their sojournment; and their oiTsprino-, while 
in exile, used to learn the Gaelic language ; there are also 
towns in |reland denominated from them, such as Graio-- 
na-mana, Dunmanway, &c. and when they returned to 
Britain, they aiul their posterity ha(I many Gaelic words in 
use. According' to what we have said, it is not probable 
that it was from Britain the sons of jMila first came, nhhouHi 
there be some similar words in British and Irish. If anv 
VOL. I. Z woul^l^ 

f Sec Vallancey's Viodication of Irish History, ]>. zpg. 


©eitjtfto jro)' ^up db coj-niu)! na tJi c-ami]t, -j 'b.o]rjl ) 0-4 
n6]"A]b ■] 3 11-a nihijapvjTj jie ct']ie, o])t nuj V))0|- an bsOjrcl 
neTTicoriui]5-£C ya Ijjari fo (■v\lja)]ir ] n-<\]]-cc nap, )]"ii'irJi)n 
bjoj- <vn byierajn^c. ^0<jl)jop yoj- cjoii^a^ ,mi n i?)]irniu'" ^]]^ 
11A ]"encar)a]B, 4)|i<\n n-^op Tv\iut, rtjp iu\ I;A]ir\\)Vj, ja])* -op 
ygnnii* n* cclajjtprc, bjot) a p(vni»\]l pjn -oo (jun a 5; An mBjie- 
rvVjnec Af]i <vn ■ojiojngccerriA, '/bjo mvj pjn cDpibtV]! }»e ci'jlb 
] m()]i<ni vo BewpA]?) ojle. Bj-oconj pujtjjiigappjn ajjj "ShsOj- 
ip^luiB r>o ro)'6pcT: 6'n rnBetykjrij, <\cr ]p nio )p puj6)u^rt-6o 
4]y> Ajfj'oeToBejr <Vj;Ij)ieram\]b)n-G)]t)n, v>ihajl(V t>ub]t^^m^J 
riiap, jca j^ejji p)nnj hjnrii}5fc ap na Ju'pi'inajb jicanijivXjrre 
%;u]> tvb 6'n mB]iora]ti niu)]> rdn^v^r.j pijc *4',b)ie'6 Aj)t rrup. 
bj^ot) }p ^rf']^])* ^o y'jl'jrtec 4 j»ao go n^cc<^^^J r*j»oji5 
CO pljoc- 13h}^oo5iV]n vv hOjjijfi 'o\i]r;iii,,\6 na B}io"»vi» 
mO]]ie, Tii<j a ri cujo to pljucn na rr.ojpoc to clanajb 
B}ieo^A]Ti rarijc le iTii^cajb 'Aij^'o ■) n-6)]i]n. v^5 po <v 
n-aniTianvi, Bpieo^.t, Fiu-p. Vvbujjtrejihne, CuAjl^ne, Cuaia, 
Gjbleo, Bl^t) ^iXrtp. Ij' t)'A p!)ncr C)n-e, ro j\e]]t p^ncupA 
11* hGjjii^n, an tjjiem ]ie li>^)t>rep B[i)5anrep; -] jp c6}tupt' 
|')n '00 rhep ] n-* y]P]ne, m<j a ve]]\ Zorr)^^]•]uy pan )poclo)]t 
Lajone ro pcjtjob, ^ujt ab, pobiil 6 ii]Y]V\ na Bjij^anrcy .i. 
cl(»riBhlieo5*]n. ?^t3e]]t u^o^Spiijn^c r^irtbtijnmMojjjannp 
De Campo, ^5 recr le yencup na bCjiten ^u]^ <tb Spajnjj;, 
ICO j>e)|t a nibimA'oapa, na Bpj^antep, -) 511)1 <vb 6'n .Spa^n 
rangAT,!) n-G]i»jn -) t)o'n Bhjierajn. )p mojre ]]• ]nc|te)ofc 
^ac njo -oa n'ouBji.mi<j ro Vejr Cvi]r|i)P) na niBji^fnac Icjp 
r A hej]K^nCA)B, -] 5UI* b'j Cj|ic pa rul rjrjn rojb, m^ a re)[t 
Cajtonocup ii^rxj Bji^^anac ] n-a Clijtojnjc, -] '^bjan 
-) jonut) o'njr^iijb f]!c na mBpe^na^, 50 rrj^rjj^ 
in6](an ro phjijonparujb n>\ Bjieran ir'a n-lU)pl]b 50 n-a 
nuijpep •] 50 n-a ninjnrjjt ] n-ejpjn, ni<j a njabrioj pjn, -j 
ir^ A n^lAcr^o) 50 cjn^alr.t ]4r, •] m<j a "n^f^o) yejiAn Jie a 
iV)^]ui,Ar, AifiA]! A rribiiAn^<j fnap. Do 5nj pop Oocto)j lUv- 
mep J n-A cpo]n]c ppepjAlrAcr A)p cujr rpb, Vi)|> rrup a 
t)e;jp cup rjbpro 50 hCjpjn le Oobnjn mAC^^celyper pjg 



'.Vduid assert too tint the Welsh and Irish have resemblance 
to each other in their njanners and customs, for that astliC 
irishman is prompt in giving food without payment, so is 
thcU'elchman. yVsthe Irishman also hasarespectforthe an- 
tiquaries, the poets, the bards and the harpers, the Welch- 
man respects them equally ; and they are likewise similar 
in many other usages. However this is no proof tJiat the 
Gaels came from Britain, but is a stronger argument that 
the Britonsj as we said befdrej vvere denizens in Ireland ; 
and it is not probable, for the foVegoing reasons, that it is 
from Great Britain the jNIilesiails first arrived. But it can 
he asserted with truth that some of the race of Brogan went 
from Ireland to inhabit Great Britain; namely some of the 
chiefs of the Brigantes who came with the Milesians into 
Ireland. These are their names, Brcia, Fuad, Murhevnejj 
Cualgney, Cuala, Eivleo, Blaa and Nar. According to 
Irish history, the people called Briganles are of this race. 
This is to be considered the more true as Tomasius in his 
Latin dictionary observes that the Brigantes, or descen- 
dants of Brogan were an Irish people. . A Spanish 
author, named Florianus De Campo, speaking of the His- 
tory of Ireland, says that Brigantes are of Spanish origin ; 
iand that it was from Spain they came to Ireland and Bri- 
tain, All we have asserted is the more probable concerning 
the intimacy of the Welch and Irish ; and that Ireland was 
their resort of protection ; as Caradoc, a Welch ^uthorj 
asserts in his chronicle, as well as Abian and many other 
British writers, that many of the British princes and nobles 
with their followers and people used to com^ fo Ireland 
where they were received arid entertained with affection ; 
and got lands to inherit as we said above. Doctor Harmer 
especially mentions some of them. First he says tliat E U 
win, son of Athelfred^ banished a king of Britain, name ! 



x>o X)j i\)}i on inB)»oXt\jn r>»| li'Ajnni C\\T?t)All)n <?u tan ]r>\ li>oi|* 
r'o'n rj5e]inv\ G35, -j 30 jp^^'-jf* 5'^^'*»m'^ 1*]]' 5^ ^I'ti^'Vt" *^Ti> 7 

rrtjn, m<} <\ -a Vvnolo '| Cotiati, 50 heijijn, <vn ran y* 
h<»jf 100'n r)^e]m.\ 1050, ') ^o jj:urtj]ieT<| a Ti5KK->v'r, / 
yoj- crtp|i£ni ■) cuihc<»6 6 CjpnficuiB. ^^ ^«-')T* "^<l <*'^ 
cccrriA 50 rtanjc ^^l5vv}j, )<vj^U Chej-tojtj 6'n mBjierAjfi 
<v]l» -v-jip ) n-ejpjn, -] ^ujt cujpexjA^ Gjp^fuijs yluAS 
lc)y, Ipjt Ben a rAlani p6jn onirtc a jijp, an tan ]•* luojp 
r>o'n r)5o]ina 1054. Cajn^c <v jijj- p)i]o!i]\% ejle tk) Bli]i^"- 
^najB, "ca|t li'ajnm Bletin ^ip Conujn, <i)]t tejfr',r> j 
n-CjjtiTi (VTi blja5<vjn td'o))]- Clipjoy- 1087, ■] ]?u»jifi cwi^Bivjl 
<»]]» poo 4 cuAjtoA jnre. 'Ai-;} yjn •oojY) ) ccl(^ifiniip -j ) 
cc<v)rjieTfi6<vjm]-)}t 50 h<v)m|']]). I oz;t-sJ ]mo]t}U), j ccjiojnjc 
Hanmcp, ^up phoy ^pnulpluiy, )a)>la Pcmbpoc, jn^en 
%hu]]5fe]ttuj5 n] Bhpjv»jn, jiji; Gj^en, '•?^ D. 1101, -j ro 
poyrto «n niipA hjn^en ro Jie 'A^a^nuy, mac '>\jia)Ir, ]%)z^ 
na n-0)!en. J n-ajrnyjiv yoj- An ceats Hen|i] j jijo^acc 
ShftXAn, T)0 Bj pp)onpa <i]]% an tnBjietajn •o<j B'ajnm ^]']p]n 
Ap Conan, "oo rhujjrpt) 50 mjnjc ^uji Ben Cjp^nac y.i 
nuta]p t>o yejn, -] fop ya penmatajii, "j^up <tb j n-G)}i]n 
•00 pu^at) -) t)0 b6aj-Tfiutiat) e, t50 jiejp an ii^-oajp ceona. 
t)o Bj yop p]i)onnpd e)le a]}» An niBp^rajn pe Vjnn an 
TAjuv Henp], B]it)t>up n)Ac fcujncthj ya lia)nTn to, ^j ya 
ben Ojpennac y^ tnAtajp "60. ^t,^apy]n ro Bjoo jomAvi 
e4)t*]»)ih, CAjpcepd, 'j cleaninupii, jTjjt shcojocakiiB 'i n»i 
Eji^rnu]^. Jonup "ca jicjp yjn nac joncujp jomao yocal 
jonaii -00 Bejt ) n-a tt^n^fajB let Ajp V(^t, •] copniA}I$^p ] n-A 
Tnbcapu)B -] J n-A nopAjB pe ccjlc, 5)on gup Ab 6'h inBpe- 
tAjn trtn54t>^ &40]t)]l pjftrii, t50 p^}p a mbuna'oiya. >V t)ejp 
tJamrten, map an cccrina, 511)1 Aj-jjeo^ na Bjjjganrcp jp 
riA tjpjij po yjoy to'n Bhpgrajn Tfiojp, m<\ a ca, cp'joc Yopk, 
cpjoc LrtTiCApcep, cpjoc DujiliAnj, cpjoc Wc]-cm6planr, 
•jcpjod ChuVnbeplnnn; ijpocjinjn jup rtb oCjpjfi rocua'c.j 


28 i 

Kiidwalliii in the year of our Lord G3j, and tli:it he was 
there khidly received, and got reinforcements by whicJi he 
(jbtained iiis own sovcreii^nty again. He also states that 
two British princes came from Britain, natnci}- Harold and 
Conan, to Ireland, in the year of our Lord, 1050 ; and that 
they were affecti(jnately received and protected hv the Irish. 
Me also siiys that Algar, Karl of Chester, fled to Ireland, 
and the Irish sent a luist with him, by which he recovered 
1) is territory, in the year of ou>- Lord one thousand and 
fifty four. Another British prince, liahled Blethin Ap 
C-oiian, flt;d to Ireland in tlie year one thousand and 
eighty seven, aild received hospitable entertainment. Thus 
tiiey continued in alliance and intimacy, iVom time to time. 
We read in Hanmer's chronicle, that Arnolph, earl of 
Pembroke, married the daughter of Murtagh O'Brien, then 
king of Ireland, in the year one tlionsand one hundred 
and one, and his seco'nd daughter was married to Alafuusj 
son of Harold, kii!g of tile Isles. In the time too 
of Henry 1. king bf England, there was a prince in 
Britain named Grih'in Ap Conan, who alwavs boasted 
that his own mother and his grandmother were Irish- 
women ; and that he himself was born and educated in 
Ireland, according to the same author. There was also 
another prince in the thne of Henry 11. nanled Biridus,. 
son of Gon'ethj \vhose mother was an Irishwoman. There- 
fore there \Vas much intercouse, friendshijj ant] alliance 
between the Irish and Britons. Hence the number of simi- 
lar words in their languages, and the similaritv of their 
manners and customs, though it was not from Britain that 
levcr tlie Gaels originally arrived.* Camden also asserts that 
the Brit^antes inhabited thefollowingpartsof GreatBritain ; 
iiamely York, the kingdom of Lancaster, Durham, West- 
moreland, and Northumljerland ; and it is certain that thes6 


. * In three of my copies the greatest part of this aiul the precedent page 
,is omitted, a* well as in O'Connor's translation ; But I find it in old copiev 
hy Mslcoiiry in i6i6, O'Keeflc in 1(^99, and O'lloolahan in 17IU 


■DO Ch<vm-oen, a •oej}! juji <ib 6"n mBjierAji) rtvnjAr^ '*)'"jc>' 
feo)l»] A]}^ rruj' j n-Cjjijn. )f c()}t<v jmojijja c)ti'jreji-.A)Ti 
t)0 f^ncu)' e)]i£n, A]}t <v {fU)l T^'p]Acujlj yjOj- -j pj]ie()liii' ^ar 

]n<v -DO ba]idiTui]l ChiMiTcejn yi]]- naji Te)5 i-oncup C|]:pri a 
jiun JijAifi, Aj- <v mbejr; ]:]0]- -oajl ta hGj}ieTl a]5c. Vt r^ciif 
Cftmbpenpjp, 45 i-cJijobAt) rt]|t 6jj»jn, 511]^ v-vb ajji j-uIam^ 
]ij5 t30 bj vi])^ <in mBjierajn m6)]t r^n^ar^ mjc ''Jsi)!£t> ] 
n-G)p)no'n mBjopcujn, -] y6|' 5u)i(vbAjjivV f<t]tii)ii5r4n5rtT<| 
) n-A ibjAjr) 50 hOjicAoej-, •] gujt cujji fujjten leo 50 h6]|i)vi, 
t3'4 hi]r]u^A'6, Ajjt ^ct; 50 rnbejT?)!- T*-')" T * fljocr utital t)0 
■pejn, -J T)0 pjo^Ajb ha BjierAjne m6|]ie to j-jo]}. v« ^Af j]^ 
6A]nm^A)pmg]'CAmb]ienp)r"Co'n ]ijj ]')n,^ll|twllnr]ll|'r!l^i(• 
PelJn ; mo f]ig.5HA a)]i ah cceATyA]-6 |'0 Cbivmbjtenp)]-, ^uji 
ftb foUuj' A bep bjicA^Ac, ^]he ]Tnop]to, le)5f9p ciJopjc 
Sc6)5, t>o ^gbAt) 50 yollup riAC pu)l 46c be^An le rjij ceAP 
bljA^Ajn 6 jrlAjref An ^huji^unrji]]' ]*3n a)JI ao mBperAjn 
Tn6j]t, 50 roj%cr Juljuf Si'|-<j t'a SaBa)!, ati r-occmAt) bl]A- 
^A]n TO i'lAjT-ef CbA]-)bcllAniif a]> Ati niB]igrA)n ?no]]i ; 1 
^SSN *& *" "5"°^ ceTnA tiac ]iA]b Act cuajj^jjtti Tii bljA^Ajn 
t5t'<v5 }i- TA i:]6)r 6 hiljup SepAjt 50 bjlC]- Chjtjoyr ; joruii' 
TO j»c]]4 A)i»)Tfi Sro]^ TiAC ]t,\]Y)c coniVjoTiAT cejfjte ccat 
bl)A5<v)n o Ajmplt bhujtjuntju]' ^o gejn ChjtjopT:. Bj-oeT 
■ A Te]p CopmAc n«)riicA ttiac Cii]Ip^fiA)n, "7 leb^ j;AbAlA C)]ief), 
^up Ab ruA)jt)m r]i) ceAT Tt-A^ bl)A5A]n pojih Chpjoft; tati- 
gAT^ m)c ^jl^T ] n-e]]t]r). '^C t:a Poljcjionjcon A5 r^cc leo 
«)jt ATI Ti-A)]t^m |*)n, m<j a tcjiACtAfi a]1> e)|i)n ; a^; fo m.j 
A Te)}« ; *' ^ rft)T mjle 1 occ cccat bljA^Ajn 6 io]-b^tc na 
n-ejit^fiAc 50 bAj' PhrtciMjc." Jonan pin jie jiaf, -j ^ujt ob 

tl») CCAT TeAg bljA5A]1> pul lUl^A* CpjOf" TAn^AT^ TTIJC 

•^^bjI^T] n-e)|t)n; 6)it bgn ah ta bljAJAjnTCAj -jcejciie yit'jr 
Ajjt dejfjie ccAT, 6 ^cjn Chjtjopc 50 baj- Phar}«v)c to iiA 



Bngantes went fipin Ireluiul, as we said above notwithstand- 
ing Camdeu'sojiinioii, who asserts that inliabitants first came. 
frTmi Britain to Irehind; we should rather credit the History 
of Ireland, \\hicli is obliged to investigate and presen-e 
every event that has ever happened in it, than his conjecture, 
lo whom the History of Ireland never communicated its 
secrets, from which alone he could derive the knowledge 
pf what concerned Ireland. Canjbrensis says, in writing 
of Ireland, that it was by the permission of the then king 
of Great Britain tliat the sons c/ Mila came to Ireland 
frotu Biscay ; or th^t they were towed by him to the Or- 
cades, and that he sent a crew with them to inhabit Ireland, 
conditionally that they and their posterity should be sub- 
ject to hiai and the kings of Great Britain for ever ; and 
the nan^i? Cambrensis gives tliis king, is Gurguntiusson of 
Pelin. ]\Iy answer to this opinion is, that it is evidently 
false ; for whoever shall read Stow's chronicle, he will 
be convincecf that there is little more than three hundred 
years from the reign of this Gurguntius over Great Bri- 
tain, until Julius Caesar invaded it*, in the eighth year of 
the sovereignty of Cassibellanus, king of Great Britain ; 
and we read wivh the same author, that there were only 
about thirty-two years from Julius Caesar until the birth 
of Chrisit; so that according to Stow's calculation there 
were riot full four hundred years from the time of 
Gurguntius to the birth of Christ. Yet Holy Cormac Mac 
Cullinan, and the Book of Conquests of Ireland, assert that 
it was about 1300 years before Christ, that the sons of 
IMilesius came into Ireland. Poiichronicon agrees with 
them in this enumeration, where he speaks of L'eland. 
Thus he saj^s, " There are one thousand eight hundred 
*' yearti since the Irish came, until the death of Patrick."* 
This is the same as to assert that the sons of Milesius 
paaie to Ireland, 1300 years before the birth of Christ; 
for, subtract the 482 yejirs from the birth of Christ to the 

* Ab adventu Hibernensium, usque ad obltura S, Patiicii, sunt anni iSoo. 


iioct ccev»T5 t5e.\5 l)]]A5.i]n ur« rtijtiiie]' l^ol^clionicon no X)C]r 
o co)6ecc niAC ^*vVf'cr> ] n-C]]i]r) 50 l:*.*]- I'liarjiaic pa jW')]* 
]-jn A ZA OCT Tiibl^A^na uijt f]!) CL'A'o pea^ 6 fo^-poc* nuc 
?--?<ijler)]n-C)it)r) 50 ^ejn Chjijopr : jomh]' t;o rrj^ Polj'-iton]- 
fon 'I Co]tnuc N^mra nuc Cu)len.;)u ■] 11a leVj.v)]! r^Alhvla 
50 h)oTnlan le ce]Ie. ^^i^Aj' t)A yfP<jTii^*]> ^<^> V^]Y i')'<^)ii)'' 

Ch|)]Ofr, ]m<j <kn ccernA an r-a]]»em Ajnij-jjie po ^li) Pol)- 
c]ioTi]Con, ■) Cojim^c nivvc Cuil^r)v»)ri, '] 11a l^V)>»i|i ^ulMla, 
iijlton n-Ajni|-]]tA ri'ioroj'rorr mac'^^jleo ) 7i-0)j»)n c;o ^ejn 
ChjAjopr, TO ^el)f^ po yollup 50 ]t,\rjarajt m^c 's'-^jlcr ) 
7ve]]t)ri tu]!lo-6 •) Tio) cceo bljAi.vjn ful ro ^ab ^ll)t^un^)U[• 
yU^fef HA B]ver<\]ne mojite. Do ]i>^]\i a nruVijiAm^ ]|- jrolliip 
^ujA rtb b]tcA5 t>An b*iidnrn]- ro ji]nc C\MTib]K'ii]-ip ] n-4 
r)U))r.]c, m<j <v n-Abt\)]A z,u]\ <il) e- rtn ■Sujigiin-jup ruAy po 
r'A]! rnjc '^^^jler* ) n-a riAp ^o bO|tc4r)ef, •] to (•.ii]t ap p]n 
50 h-C])t]ri ]4t5. ())1» rjc^iif but^ ejT)]* t)0 Bhiqt^imqup * 
<TU|t ) Ti-Cjpiri, T iiAC iniga-o e yejn, -oo ]n')]i 5^6 nz;-PA]i<vip 
TA rruv;Amv| ppp <vnn po, t^^) cenn noj cceo bl)ar,An T'ojp 
pu\c vOjlc-o TO f())TOcr ) n-f'jii]iur 

?;■))» n-A clop to rii.\cu]B ^si'jlaT '| to f-ljo^c Bliiico^Ajii ^.'^ 

riTeA|»TiaT^ cUnn Chej»mv\Tv\ yell a)]^ Ic itiac Bjieo^ajn, 1 

<\]|t rt Tfin]nnr)|i, -] <1]|a ypAFpin a ^ujlip qii'A(:rnii]^re niA)]ib,' 

ToinopAT.j-rrr ta TJ()t,a]l ]n-0)]i)nn A]]i«-Io)niiCbc]mi4Ta, 

■| r]n6i^Al^ plua^ Ico ]ie rerr ] n-Cjiijnn ta w;,\b.\)l a])1 

riiuafAit) De Drtnann 1 r>T]or,A)l pa yoillbp)|ire yjn. VY 

TC]lt}T riijT TO Via yoncATA]b z,\\]\ <x\) o'n niB)opcA]n 

TO fniAilAT^ in]c '^'.V)loT ] n-0]]t]nn, Ap aii A]r ]ic liAjTrcji 

^^DiiTACA, lA)m |io hinnbeu \lc)i]nTo. Ip inme mopAJT 

yjn 50 ]iA)b '^OjloT 1 n-A )ij5 Aj]t ah niBjopcAjn r^ 0)|' 

in^ TO jUiA^AT le yo)|iQ]ir. jottiat ecrjiAnriAC a rpjirlAii 

riA SpAjnc To'n Bli]optA]n t', ni^ a iiaV)at<j iomAT coillrcx? 

1 cnoc "I TA]n^npr ]ie copnAih iu\ B]opcA]nc A]p yoiilonu 



death of Pal lick, from those 1800 years that Polichionicon 
enumerates to have intervened from the coming of the 
Milesians into Ireland, to the death of Patrick; and there 
will consequent!}' remain 1300 years since the coming of 
the sons of Mila into Ireland to the birth of Christ; so 
tliat Polichronicon, Holy Cormac Mac Cullinan, as well 
as the books of invasions, entirely coincide. And if we 
deduct the number of years that the chronicle of Stow 
allows fiom Gurguntius to the birth of Christ, from the 
chronology of Polichronicon, of Cormac Mac Cullinan, 
.ind of the books of invasions, as it respects the time since 
the coming of tlie sons of Mila into Ireland, to the birth 
of Christ, it will clearly appear that the Milesians were in 
Ireland above 900 years before Gurguntius became king 
of Great Britain. From all which it is evident that Cam- 
hrensis broaches an unwarrantable falsehood, by asserting 
in his chronicle that it was this Gurguntius who invited 
the sons of Milesius to the Orcades, and sent them from 
thence to Ireland. For how could Gurguntius have sent 
them thither, since we find according to eveiy authority 
Nvhich we have cited here, that he was born 900 years 
subsequent to the arrival of the Milesians in Ireland. 

The sons of IMilesius and the descendants of Brogan 
having heard of the murder committed by the child^'en of 
Carmad upon Ih, son of Brogan, and his followers, and 
having seen his mangled dead body, they resolved to come 
to Ireland to punisli the sons of Ctirraad, and raised au 
nrmy to wrest the kingdom from the Thuha Dedannan in 
i•e^■enge for th* t murderous deed. Some historians assert 
that the Milesians set out for Ireland, from a place called 
Mondaca, near the river Verindo, in Biscay. The reason 
•,vhy they think so is, because Milesius wai king^ of Biscay 
after he had bee'n driven by the frequent inroads of foreign- 
ers, from the heart of Spain into Biscay, a country secured 
from foreign incursions by its numerous woods, hills, and 

VOL, I. A a inaccessible 

5ict)JAn. Bjrcc ii) h) ]'o cc'A'oj:>vjt> ^oircen )i<v ]-eTi^A'6j 

•on f)t)<vllAr<| ) ji-C)]t)r\. V^t'^r ]r ) D" c^'»irpu]r5 ]]- tno 

rtb A^ rojt Bhitco^vvjn tjo cjnpr-.] «)[» )r itiac Bpeo^rt)n 

to dujt CO h\iAt TIA hC)]l£n, ■) 5")* *^ ^'^ CATIJC Lut,A]r), 

rriAc Jre,)^ ttjllec Ali6)pjnT>o le co)ip a 4r<v}4 t)'Ara]fl)enAi> 
■CO tTiacujIj "s^jlet*, 'j x>o clojfi Bli]»eo^A]n ; -j m^yAjni, m* 
jte)]t j-)n, gujt Ab A]- ATI djt ccTiu fo f)t](vllAr<j ) n-(')]t)ri, 
j^ n-eA5 "00 ^hjlet) 50 51»oo )to)iiie yjn : j jj- tso bjrjn 
liajj- '?(,>hjle6 r*n]c Scor^ m^j <.oii )ie n-A cloju ] n-C)]>jri, 
A3)i Tnbe)f: r)o'ii Spajn v\n taii j-jii j n-A ctiAm cojii^lecA 
3t»)l* «n ffiij)i)n t)o bj j-ati Spajn f^)n, ^ jomAC ecriton 

tATlJC A CUA)fCgJ»t 71A hCoJtpi* DO ^Abv^jl nCiytC OjiJIA. 

t)AlA clojne ^jl^t) rjnolr^ r^uAj leo le r^tc ) n-ejytjn 

to "DJOJAjl )tC A}Jt clojfl ChglHTlAOA, -) t50 ^Abivjl Ciji^n 
ojiJtA. rjtjocAt) long Ijon ad coblA)^ r^o bj aca, -j rjt)OCAr> 
lx)t jf ^AC lo)n5 ^job, fcATi A]]i£m a mbftn jriA a nr^opc^fluA j;; 
)j- 6 1] .n rcojf^c tso bj ACA |ie cgliu]' y^tsniA '00 odATiArii, 
CA fjc]©, "00 jie}|t m^ k5'4 F**" cuA)n tjo jijne GochAt? 
lu Fiojn, t)A)f Ab cop AiS) '• tojj-ja riA lojnsp) r<vy* Igj* -jc." 
?^5 j-o » n-rtnmaniv. Bjig^JA, mac B}»eo5Ajn, 6 }<A)r>r£|^ 
%A^ E)i^5 ) %j6e ; Cuv\1a, rnAc Bjjeo^Ap, 6 JtAjor^it 
Sljrtb Cualafi ; CuAjljne, mac Bjieo^Ajn, 6 )»A]"6cen SljAb 
Cu<>]l5Tiej BIao mAc Bjteojajn, 6 )fU]l Sljab BlaomA ; 
FuAjt), mAC Bjteo^AjTi, 6 jpujl .Sl]<vb Fua)o jn-Ulrajb; 
SXiujiitejthnc, mAc Bueo^Ajii, 6 jfujl ^(.^a^ '■J'.iujjKejnuie ; 
Liijftr, mac )fce, ranjc ) n-Gjjjjfi fo •ojojajl a af.^, )j- 
luj-o A re)|tf-git Co)tCAl"5Ajr^) nfejfc^jjc '^liurhaTi ; Cjbljne, 
mAC Bjico^ajn, 6 j»a]6.£ji Sljab Gjbljne, fan '^Ouinajn ; 
BuAy, Bji^j-, -J BuA)i6tie, tjtjmjc C}5^]mbA]itt>, mjc Bp]je; 
N^Aji, 6fpujl Kop-HA]t ftjjk ShljAb BlarunA ; '^(^.r^A, Fulman, 



inaccessible strong holds. But this is not the general opi' 
nion of antiquaries, who affirm that they set out for Ireland 
from Brogan's tower in Galicia. And tliis opinion I think 
to be the most true, for we read in the Book of Conquests 
that itwasatBrogan'stovver they formed the design of send- 
ing Ih to explore Ireland, and that it was there Looce, son 
of Ih, landed after l^is return from Ireland with the body 
of his father to exhibit it to the sons of Milesius and the 
family of Brogan ; and therefore I am of opinion that they 
sailed for ^relan^ from the same place, Milesiiis having 
died a short time before. He being dead, Scota came 
along with her children to Ireland ; Spain having been at 
that time a bone of contention between the natives, and 
many foreign people who swarmed from the North of Eu-^ 
rope to canqner the countiy. 

But to return to the Milesians they collected a force for 
the invasion of Ireland, to revenge the murder of Ih upon 
the sons of Carmad, and to seize upon the kingdom. The 
total of their fleet was thirty ships, in each of which there 
were thirty warriors, besides their wives and attendants. 
T!ie number of chieftains who held command was forty, 
as we are infcj-aied by Eohy OTlinUj in a poem beginning 
" The captains of the fleet that o'er the main^ &c." Their 
names are as follow, Braha, son of Brogan, from whom 
is called Moy Bra in Meath ; Cuala, son of Brogan, who 
ga\ e name to Sliev Cualan ; Cualgn}', son of Brogan, from 
whom Sliev Cualgny is called; Bla, son of Brogan, from 
wiiom Sliev Bloom ; Fuaid, son of Brogan, from whom 
Sliev Fuaidiu Ulster; Murhevny, sonof Brogan, fromwhom 
Moy Murlievny ; Looee, son of Ih, who came to Ii-eland 
to reverxge the death of his father ; from him is named Cor- 
ealooee, in the south of JNIunster; E\linne, son of Bnigau 
from whom, Sliev Evlinne, in Munster ; Buas, BrcaSi and 
Quany, three sqns of Tiyernwavd, sonof Bree; Nar^ from 
whom lloss-nar, on Sliev Bloom ; SheVa, Fuhnan, Mantan, 


%bAnr,\n, Ca)c^ii, •) Sujjt^e, nac Cajcr^it ; C]t, ()]ibd, 

Bojfren ; SoljAjpce, nj ^ep nujii a .ud)i» ; Bjle, nur Bitj^c, 
ifijc Bneo5<v)n; Oc- mjc '^Ojlco Ov\]pa)ne .1. Di^nj 9()]t.^c 
P.'^Bi4U46, CjBel^ F)on, '^O'^Jl'sl"^ ^P» Colp* v^n cloi^pjm, 
Cjjienion, ^ '^]t.\rian <m fO)]e]t ; ) ce)r|ie mjc ej)i£mojn 
.1. Q\^ii]mne, luj^ne, Loii;nc, ^ PaIap ; -] con rriAc ]]t .1. 
CjBi^lt. ]]t)iil fi)^, iiuc Gjiig^iriojn ce-ri,*, | n-Cjpjfi peji; 
TOO l^u^ao e. 

Uild clojnne "^jl^o •) a ccabhi)^, nj hijyijOjTA]^ .on njrj 
Wi j"cevila}l) 5111* ^aftatJ^ cuan 45 lnTiB2,y» ^'^^Ji'Se, ] n-jocrj 
L^j^^n, ]\]Y ix ]»a)t)r£)i cuAn l.oca ^ijimdfi j n-]um. Cjni^n- 
35)r> ■] corhtjnoluj'o Cuata De DjTidnn ] n-A rrjmc^ll an 
]-jn, gujt cu)]i^o^ ceo t5]i<o]5{^cr>J oj- 4 ccenn, jonnu]- ^ujt 
cajBpjtet) v6]h 511]^ Tjiujm mujce <in r-ojlen 43)1 <v ccefi, 
-] jp ■oe ]-]n Jtajr>rcit ^Oiijcjnjp pe hCjjijfi, l^UAj^f^ji, 
)nio)tjto, le 'o)«vOj^^ct: Chu4r<v De Danan, tnjc "Ojlet) 6'n 
rrjji Amac, 511]! ^abAt;^ '"imcell Gjjien, -j to 54l34'o<j cuan 
in-lfibeit Scejne, ) n-),]f4fi ^siiniun ; "j <v)P trj^c' ] trjji 
ToojB, rjt],\llujr5 50 Sljalj '^^^)l•, 50 trapLv BAnba 50 n-A 
bdnrjiAcr, 'jgo n-ci t))kO)rjb opjtA an. FjApit^^^ef VCjnijpgjn 
a bAjnm "p). Banba m'^jum, A]i y], ') ])' iMpn l^AjrTep )n)|' 
EhanbA J«jj" an cjlen j-n. r)t)All(»)r> aj- pjn 50 SljabCjbljno, 
50 tr4]tU F6t>lA «ojb <»ri, •] VJAyi'Ajtep^jvr.jpjjn a hapim 
■p). lo'cKv m'ajtim, <j ]-j, 'i ]\' ii<\)ni 50)|tf»;|t FcSri* -oo'n 
c|ijc|-]. rj»]4lIa)o ap pjn 50 hlljpnrc 'A>hjr>e 50 rr^lij G])ir 
c6]b pan ajrpjn, j yjapjiaj^f^p an yjle a bajnm r^j. Ojjtc 
in'ajmn, ^ pj, ^]p uajm ]ta)t>rrjt 0)]te n)p an cciijcpj. ^'^4p 
)r <*5 V*ir"»'jr *" "eif^p) ruap, a ra an jtan po jp an 
cuajn ca)> ab ropac, " Canani bimaoap na nFujoAl." 

Banba ) Sljab '^<i]y ^o plcigajB, 

pflf]h;i-, rn]plc«i; 
J'ofla ] Slj.^b Oililjno apnar, 

e;)ic ] n-\l)pn(;^.'. 

iy -^ 


Oaichcr, and Suirgy, son of Caicher ; Er, Orha, FarratJ, 
and Fargna, four sons of Eiver ; En, Un, Etan, and Gosten ; 
So\ arkv, whose father ue do not know ; Bilcy, son of Bree, 
son of Brogan ; the eight sons of i\Iila of Spain, viz. Donn, 
Arcy Fevroe, Eiver Finn, Avergin or Amergin, Ir, Colpa 
the i5wordsman, Eirevon, and Arannan the youngest; four 
sons of Eirevon, viz. Moony, Loony, Layny, and Palapj 
and one son of Ir, namely Eiver. Trial tlie prophet, son 
of this same Eirevon, was horn in Ireland, 

Asto the sons of Mila and their fleet, nothing is related 
of them till they landedat the mouth of the Slaney, called 
at this day Wexford harbour. The Thuha Dedannan col- 
lected and assembled there about them, and threw a magic 
mist over fhem, so that they imagined that the Island had 
the appearance of a pig's back, and hence Ireland is some- 
times named Hog-Island.* The sons of IMila were then 
driven from the shore by the spells of the Thuha Dedannan, 
till they went round Ireland and landed at Inver Skeiney 
in tlie west of jNIunster, and, after they came ashore, they 
inarched to Sliev IVIish, where Banba, with her maids 
of attendants and priests met them. Avergin asked her 
name : Banba is my name, said she, and it is from me this 
Island is called Banba. Hence they moved to Sliev Evlinne, 
where Fola met them, Avergin asked her name : my name 
is F6la, said she, and from me this country is called Fola. 
They thence moved to Ushnagh, in Meath, and here they 
were met by Eire. The Sage asked her name : my name 
is Eire, said she, and from me this country is called Eire. 
In memory of the above facts, is this stanza, from the poem 
i^eginning thus, ''Let's sing the origin of the Gaels." 

Banba in Sliev Mish, with hosts, 
Faint, fatigued ; 

Fola in Mount-Eivlinne paljiitating; 
Eire in Ushnagh. 


♦ See Appendix 4, 


ChoiMnAT.^, •( <v rejjtjt) ciijo po \'u\ ]"onca6iijlj tiac jtojun 
rjican.^c oo bj a)j> Gjjtjn <»5 nutciAjV) Ciie)»nwt)A, <>cr j-eKtj- 
jecc ylA)r)p ^rtc pe iiil)]ja5>v)n vig 54c pep r))ol), •) )p e 
4]nm niih\ <in tj »\ca r'O bjou ) ff''^3^C]' to bjoo ajp nn 
ccpjc ye-6 tia Mja^iu |'j)n ; A5 yo pi'iptiijiorc <*]]» iMi 

t\n p]oi,»\cr ag lu )'<J-)*'^>J^ > 
G))Jc, KuoU, •) BaiiIja, 
T-pj,| ba)i urt Koc lancalnxii. 

r]»j mjc Ce-iMriAts; .1. Garnp, Ccrup, ■) F^rup 50 n-o 
fluvii, ippsOj^ecrA oppAaii. )4ppu)o injc'A^jletiCiir: no c^pr 
uni fcn n<v cpjce A]p clojil Cepnu'oa, -j * r»ubpa'o.j-]-An go 
rtpbpfVTJ]- b]>e).- vO^^J^S)" * nt>£p>}p<vr<v)p ycin taojb, *| r>A 
Tnbejpeo bper e^cojp opp*, a ruKpAr^ 50 niii)P]:)r»jr cpi^ 
t)pa)j5ecc e. ly ) h]i^t pug ^O^^Jl^B)" *)1* ^'°)^ '^^^jk"°> 
rp]<\ll r.j A ii-A)|- 50 hjiibep Scejne, no Slajne, ') ]at» pe]n 
50 ]jon A fliiA)5 no t)ul ) n-A longAjb, j -out y^-b noj tcoH 
yun Tnu)]» adiac, 'j ta po)cor« leo toj^er r ] rrjp r»'Ainoeojn 
Chu<»tA De DAiiAn cepc ua cpjce wo bi-jr aca. Do buo, 
lop le CuArA^b De DATiAn )']n, 6)p "oo ibo|-Ar>A]t ^o r.rj()cyat> 
t'a nppa))5C(r f e)n ^ah a li'j^en rAp a ii-ajj' tDo'n cpjc'. 
ccrnA 50 bpAC. Jmruy clojiie "^A^jlet) rpjAllAjt) r^j a ^^-^]y 
50 hlnbep Scejne, "j ti'jo y^Ati ] n-A Jon^Ajb yoT noj rcon 
fAn mii]]t An)AC ahiajI 00 optMij^ ^0''')1^5)" '^f')^^- '^*'^-i '^'^ 
concATsj v]\j)]te CluiArA Oe OAnAn )A'opAn Ajjt mujp, ro 
togbAT*} 5.or ^A]bfpc ^ejilrljf e, t)0 ru]p AnpA-6 mop Ajp ah 
niujp, -j A t>iibA)pr Don, niAc "A^jlor, ^iip K^of r>pu))5ocrA 
h ir^"^ *)* '^*n'''jl*5)"' ^'■ir ri" ^*'P V^jtailAn p>)f<i]> nA clojrK- 
|-jn ><i)IPT pn ]-eolcpAn yuAf, 1 le yofiA-o x>a mi^ ^n ^sor, 
r.ujrc]- V(p,vn.\n a)]i cl<|ii]b iia hijngc, ^njt iriAj^Kiti AiiiUjo 


These were the thiee wives of the sons of Carmacl ; and 
some historians assert that it was not a triple division that the 
sons of Carnnad had of Ireland, JJiit ahernate sovereignty, 
cnch yeaV ahout, and tl)e name of die wife of him who 
governed was diat given totlie nation during his governinent 
for that year. Hero is a confirmation of this akeniate so- 
vereign tv ; 

Each oilier year these men held sway^ 

Each in fair succession ; 

EirC) Fola,^ and lianba fair, 

Were tlie wives of these three heroes. 

The sons of Mila moved thence to Tara, where the three 
sons of Carmad, namely Eahoor, Keahoor^ and Theahoor 
met them, at tiie head of their enchanted host. The sows 
of Mik demanded battle or a right settlement respecting 
the country from the sons of Carmad. Thev answered 
that they would abide the judgment of their own brother 
Avergin, and declared that if he would pronounce a false 
one they would destroy him by magic : Avergin's decision 
against the sons of Mila, was that they should go back to 
the harbours of Skeiney, or Slaney, and go themselves and 
all their host, on ship-board ; and set out nine waves to sea; 
and that if they should effect a landing, in sjiight of the 
Thuha Dedannan, they should have the swav of the coun- 
try. The Thuha Dedannan were satisfied widi this; for 
they expected by their spells not to suffer them to land in 
the country ever again. The sons of Mila returned back 
to the harbour of Skeiney, and, on ship-board, set out 
the extent of nine waves to sea, as Avergin had ordered. 
As the priests of the Dedannan saw them out at sea, thev 
raised a violent storm by magic, which desperately agitated 
the sea, and Donn, son of Mila, pronounced that it wr.s 
a magical wind; yes,says Avergin, and thereupon Arannaij, 
the youngest of the sons of Mila, climbed the mast, and, 
by a squall of wind, he was thrown down on the deck and 



f)T\ 4. Le)i" pjn to t!^U]5 luaj-cAt) ^^s^ ^vjT>^x»)f e nn lon^ j 
n-* jiAjb Don pe cac, -j 50 ^]m-o ^o^ e]y t)o b^rAr) e yt'-jn 
•J luce HA Io)n5C ni^ -.on jtjp, m^ 4 c»v ccr]Kv]t Ajp y)Cjr< 
160 ViOcimjD, ■] co}5ei( rsO)p$;c .1. Bjle, ttiac Bjij^e, V^jltec 
FgBjtiU'o, BuAn, Bn^f* 'jBuA]-6ne 'i-oi nnKO)^^^^-!!'*?^^^^ 
Arinip, •) ocr^ jte hjoni|iATh, '| CvO^ao niACcoTit ^ TAlrAcup 
]p e A)t AJt bAtAt) )At) A^ nA l)uri>ACA}Ij, \ie ltA)6ro]i Trr 
Ohojn, ) n-jijr^ %iimAn, •] jp 6 Dhonn, niAc ^lijlf^n, to 
bAtAOAnn, 5A)pnii-o]t Ccc Dho)ri •cc. BonAo A5 pA)pne]p 
l3A)p Dhojnn *] riA n-uApAl 00 bAraT m^ <on }»)p a t-,S CocA)t> 
UA Flojnn pAn jtAiin po : 

Don, )p B)le, ]p Buah a Ti<iVy 
D)l-, )p V()|i(g,c, niAc 'AijIerN, 
BuAp, B))i^p, ]p BuAjoTie 50 nihloj'cy, 

t50 IjArAt! A5 DurilACOjl). 

f\i jTnoplto, rriAc '^t^jl^ir, "00 pc^ ati r-AnpAo ah Iotij; ] 
n-A JtAjBe J»]p An ccaV)1ac, -] "so cujjt^o ) ti-)A]ir»| '^iiniiAn 
J ctj]» j, 5u]i batAo )p Au -) j;u]t liArriAjcor) ac; SfC)!^ 
^'ihjcjl r, ATTiA]! A tiejji (in r-v'itf^ ceonA ; 

^^OThjUfjr, p]lc HA |pe]t, 
mA)tV) ] ccar Bh)le Cejneti ; 
)p tnAjib }]> ) ^(^c')!^ TiA pcvvl ; 
niAjtb 5 An yuh(i]i V^iKxmn. 

15A)Sap Gji^emon 50 ccuit» ro'n lojnjep ni«} .on ]»)r Ia)'!) 
^le ye \iQ]]\]u, 50 liA)n)5 bun Jnb))* C'olpA lie itAp^o]* 
D)»0)C£-o-AtA. )p ujme 50))jfo]t ]T\ho]i ColpA oo'n AbAjr; 
p)n, X30 bp)5 ^u]i Ab jfjrc r)0 bArAo ColpA An tlojrjni, mac 
^(.^jlco, A^ rgdt ) ttjji An, pAn lojnj ) n-A ]tA)b Cj|trni6n. 
Jp yollup Ap p)n ^up bAriAo Cvj]^);;]* r'O clo)n 9i>>h]lo6 pit 
CO b^nAr^j pelb 0)i»en t>o ChuAf rt)li Ue DAfiAn, n\^ a cwin 
•n yjle pAn ]nT^ po ; 

"Do bA^Ao c'f'i)5<^|> T')ob p)n, 

CO rilACA]!^ niG|>A ''A^]l^f, 

•) ccuAnr,k)b C)]ko^ri n.^ (.v-.n: 



so killed. After this the roughness of the storm separated 
the ship in which Dona was from the rest, and shortly after 
he, with his whole crew to the number of four and twenty 
men of might, and five leaders ; namely, Biley son of 
Bree, Arey Fevroe, Buan, Breas, Buaney, and twelve 
women, with four servants, eight rowers, and fifty youths 
in training, were drowned. They were wrecked at the Sand- 
hills called Donn's mansion in the west of Munster; and 
they are so denominated from Donn, son of Mila there 
drowned. To record the death of Donn and tlie nobles 
who were drowned with him, O'Flinn thus observes, in the 
following lines : 

Donn, and Biley, and Buan, his spouse ; 
Dill, and Arey, son of Mila ; 
Buan, Breas, and Buaney found, 
Were at the Sand-hills drown'd. 

As to Ir, son of Mila, the storm separated the ship in 
which he was from the fleet, and she was stranded in the 
west of Munster, where Ir was drowned, and buried in 
Skehg Michelj as the same author asserts : 

Avergin, sage of these men, 
Was slain in Biletiney's fray ; 
And Ir in Skelig of schools ; 
Arannaa at harbour died. 

Eirevoa at the head of some of the fleet, left Ireland on 
his left till he reached the mouth of Colpa, now called 
Drogheda. This river's mouth is called Colpa's harbour, 
because Colpa the swordsman, son of Mila was drowned 
in it as he was landing in the same ship with Eirivun. Hence 
it is evident that five of the sons of Mila were drowned 
before they conquered Ireland from theThuhaDedannau's, 
as the poet expresses in this stanza : 

Five of these were deeply merged, 
Of the mighty sons of Mila ; 
In p]irin's bay's renown'd for songSj 
By magic of the Dannait's. 
VOL. I, B b ' j^ 


Imciif riA tojio^n^e e)ie "co nucujli ^^.ijl^r, rv\n5Ar<i ] 
tr.]i» <\5 JilB^it Scejne, m^ <v r.v Cjlj^j* 50 n-tv f u)it)n fcjn 
tio'n cabUc. TAjtU Cj)ie, ben ifijc "Spejne, <»)jt SIiIjaB 

ru^At) cac Slejtie ^^*.i]f jtjjjt ]4r>}:e)n 'j TimrA De Ot^nanr, 
<i]t; 41* tujr F^p, ben \l)n, ni]c Uj^e, j ))- iirtjte ]tA)'6-£]t 
BJgn Fa]p jtjj- <vn n^lefi, a ta *]]i SHIjaB 'A>)]-, xd'a n5,o)it- 
t£}i j n-jrtifi BleTi Frtjj', {vniit)! 4 t)C)Jt un yjle }'<vn jiviii fo : 

51en F^]]-, 3]- e <vn yoj^u]- y'jop, 
c^an ]m}iej-, 5<vn jnipijom ; ( 
lap (tjnm na nina lurtj-brt^ji Ijil 
100 mA]tb*t) }f)n ni6j|i ^'j"^- 

Jj' ]"4n cAc cer>n* tio tujc Scor*, b^n '^t.^hjlet?, 'Dp t>o'n 
lejt riMjii) •oo'n 51^11 pjn * ra pj d-olrtjcre lijni jte mujji, ^ 
jp t>o pujojuJAiD A bajp, 1 a p.e]icw a caj-o an t)ii jiafi po pjop 
<»p <\n IrtOjo cetjnA : 

Jp in ccAt p]n pop, nj cedl, 
•pu<*3]t ScorA bap }p bjreag ; 
6 nac ma)]ien ) ccij cajn ; 
puajjt <v niajibar* pan ^lenpop. 
T)e p)n a ra, pan \e]i ruajr, 

■pe|tc ScorA pan n^lcfi n^lanpuajji; 
]t))H an pljab, Ia]rii jte Tjfi, 
nj cjan do cajib 6'n cojmljFi. 
Fa he pjn an ci'-ao cat ru5v\'6 ]rjp niacajb 'A>jl£"6 -j 
CuACAjb De Danari, AthA)! a "oe^p an l<o]r> ccrna: 
CcAD CA\r. m]c "^jlor, t;o mb]o3t«, 
ft)j* rtect A 6ppA)n ocrojg ; 
Aj SJjab ^ijp, fA mAnA ieojn, 

'p ]ar< An t)]Ap ban ut) 'do VuA)reni<j, m^ a r<v ScorA -] 
FAp, J an oii 'p]i<»] bub D^jtpcnuj^re aca, nuj a ra llaji, -j 
Gjcj^, Dji^m but) rApcAinlA D'pjfic Buiid)!, daj* riijr pAn 
ccAC pojn. %^ct cjA 5u]i niajibat) r)»j rear Djob, 5)^00 ro 
m^bat) leopAn t>e]c cc^ad no chuAfAjb Di; OAnan, jcujjijd 
A |»<.on mADnriA An p]n ],tD, ■] ?,Abiip C)]ic .1. ben nijc cjicjnc, 
r< jj«jD ojtjtA, •/ T-jijAlhip 50 Cajlrju ■jiioctiip a Dvi]l do diojn 


As to the other sons of Mila they landed at Inver Skeiney, 
that is, Eivir and his division of the fleet. He met Eire, 
the wife of Mac Greine, on Sliev Mish, three da)'s after 
landin'T:. Here the battle of Shev Mish was fout^bt between 
them and the Dedanites, where fell Fas, wife of Un, son 
of Ugey, and from her the vale of Sliev Mish is named 
the vale of Fas, as the poet asserts in this verse : 

Vale of Fas, so truly called> 
Without a contest or dispute ; 
Fas the name of her we speak 
Slain in this deep vale. 

In the same battle fell Scota, the wife of Mila ; and it 
is at the north of this vale she is buried on the sea side, and 
the two following stanzas from the same poem, are for 
ascertaining: her death and burial: 

In this battle too, 'tis clear, 

Scota died a violent death, 

Nor now alive in beauteous bloom ; 

She was in this valley slain. 

Hence northward lies her noble grave, 

Scota's in the frigid vale ; 

Between the mountain, sea at hand, 

Not far recedes from shore. 

This was the first battle fought between the sons of Mila 
and the Thuha Dedannan^ as the same poem asserts : 

First battle of fam'd Mila's sons, 
Here arrived from Spain renown'd, 
Fought at Sliev Mish, cause of woe ! 
The fact on truth is grounded. 

The two women we mentioned, namely Scota and Fas, 
and their two most accomplished Druids, named Uar and 
F^hiar, were the most renowned of the Gaels that fell in 
this battle. And although three hundred of them were 
slain, yetthey killed one thousand of theThuhaDedannan's, 
and entirely routed their army ; Eire then follows them, 
and goes to Tallin, and relates her story to the sons of Car- 

Cheltm4X34. Fandjr, jmojtjto, m)c 9<.^jleo *)]» TA]f pec an 
^*JPj5^e 45 Aibnacajl 471 tsA t)p^], 4m<v)l 4 t>ej}» an rjle : 

6 6]anu]V) an Dd^'Ovt t>0)ti, 

•00 TaUAjB Ciilrriv^ conilojn. 
Do cnjiij-em car 50 C4bn<», 

■A]]i paV)114]1> ]nf] Bv;nl)4 

■ortjj ru}r t5e]c cc^t) C9,ri ) cc^ii 

l)n 00 ChuAra)!) oe ranafi. 
S6 c^ogrtD fcp r>Al» Tit»<v)nine 

CO flllA^ ArbAl Gv\]-pai!lC, 

<*b n" <^ rroiic»t)]» rv| flua j, 
]'e hefbiio An •ca r)e5t)}»uA"6- 
IIaji ]|' 6jf]a]i TiA n-«^c, 
jonnnijn njAj- •oatia ocjnmne^, 
l^CA oj- A Igcrujb ^o lom 
'n-A }f£]irA]b pejne pAbBom. 

Oct^ jmojijto, t)0 fco)fer"]13 ati tfluAjg do fujr a)]> rmij]t 
le t))i<»)t)ect ChuAt De DatiaH, attiajI a t>ub]iATn^ tuAf, 
mg 4 t4 ]]i ) Scejlj %h]cjl, ^jtAnnAn Af An feol cjiAnri, 
iDon 50 n-A c6]^g]» r^)f£c A)}i n-A mbAcAO. Do ru)r£r>^ 
]:6r occ Jijo^HA An, .1. rjAj- "ojob ms| <on ]te Don .1. 
BuAn, bgii Bhjle, ■) Djl, jn^en ^Cshjlco GAfpAjne, bg,n -j 
fjup Dhojn; tjo bArAo Scejne ben ^^jn^it^jn ] n-)nb£i» 
Sce'jne, jonAt) \iAjfe 5A)|»nif-g]t li^be]* Sce]Tie tso'n AbAjnn 
4 tA ) cC]<jn)'6e; puAjjt FjaI, bcAn Lu^Ap, m]c Jte, bAp 
CO n4j]te 4]]t jfAjcpn 4 noctA c'a ce)le a)]i rr^cc 6 fnAifi 
C] ; ^onAio UA]re 50]]^fg]i )nbe]t Fejle r)o'n AbAjii fjn 6 
fO)n ]lle ; Do ip^bAt) foj- ScorA ^ Fivp ] ccAr SIcjbe %)f ; 
t>o ^A^AtJ^i ]:6f t)}4f C]le •ojoB.i. bgn ) jt, jbgn ^hujjttejTnne, 
rii]c Bjieo^Ajn ; gonAt* ]At) yjn nA hocr jijo^nA, -j n4 hocx 
^^<o]f)5 x>o cAjl'gr^ -oo ]-lii45clo]rie ^i.^jler, of^ct ] n-Gjitjn 
r>6jb 50 ciiji C4r4 LAjlren. ^^5 p yjop 4nm4nA An m6)i»> 

• We learn from a beautiful lillle tMemrore poe ro, said t« have been spoken 
by her hu:banfl on llic rcca-lon, that, icing him coming also naked out of the 
water, not far from lici, and not knowing vvho he wa-;, she died through f«aj 
and shame* 


mad. The Milesians however remained upon the field 
of battle burying their dead, and particularly attending 
to the funeral of their two priests, as we are thus informed 
by the poet : 

In the morn we leave Sliev Mish, 
Finding terror and rebuke, 
From sons of princely Daghda, 
Of sharp and valorous spears. 

Bravely in the fight we join'd, 
With the sprites of Banba's isle, 
Soon in heaps a thousand fell 
Of Dedanites beneath us. 

Six fifties of our valiant host. 
Of Spain's admired heroes, 
Bravely fell by hostile hands. 
And two good priests, sad the loss. 

Uar and Ehiar of steeds. 

Dear this bold impetuous pair. 
Grey flags hide tlicir naked graves, 
In silent tombs we leave then'i. 

Eight also of the chieftains perished at sea by enchant- 
ment of the Thuha Dedannan, as we mentioned above, 
viz. Ir, at the Skelligs; Arannan, who fell off the mast, 
and Donn who was drowned with five other chiefs : eio-ht 
ladies of quality also this time ; two of them perished 
along with Donn, namely Buan, the wife of Biley, and Dil, 
daughter of Milesius, and wife and sister of Donn; ScHne, 
wife of Avergin, was drowned in Inver Sceine, a river in 
the county of Kerry, from her so called ; Fial, wifeof Looee, 
son of Ih, died through shame, because her husband had 
seen her naked after returning from swinuning ; hence the 
river lias been known ever since by the name of Inver Feile 
i. e. the Feal, or river of Fial ;* Scota also and Fas were 
slain at the battle of Sliev Mis ; two others also died, namely 
the wives of Ir and Murhevny, son of Brogan ; these made 
up the eight ladies, and eight chieftains of the Milesian 
host, who died after their arrival in Ireland before the battle 
of Tallin. Here foljow the name? of tjjc seven principal 



fejf)!* bAti ir ]re]M» tinjc le mdcujB '^-.^jlco ) n-Cjitjfi, co 
jtejit *n l^bitjjt BrtBala ; Scora, Ced, Fjal, Faj-, Ljobitd, 
OoBcv, T Scejne. ^^ p fujojujat) An tf^ncao <i]]i j-p, •) 

cgcc ) n-ej]t)n oojb : 

S£cc mna ])- pejil* catijc a le 

le mAcu]b 'A^jletj u)le, 

Ce«, FjaI, F<ip, jrejjtoe 'ce 
• LjobjiA, O'obA, Scor, Scejne. 

Cea, ben G)p^mo)n na n-Cdc, 

FjaI yop fA hj ben Lujgoi^c 

Fdf D|^n Ujn rii]c U)j;e jAjt pi', 

]f Sc^jne b^n ^)TTi)l*bjn. 
tjobpA bgn FlmA]t3 coojn a h\<xv, 

ScoTA ] n-^ncurfiA ]p OobA, 

*5 f)n nA mnA nic a]\ ifiei* 

tAnjc le mAcujb ^'vbjl^o. 

Jmtuj* clojfie %jl|^t>, An 'ojion^ tjjob tanjc, j rrj)i le 
Gjbgji, Ic'p cuj]i£t) CAC Shlejbe %>jj*, rjtjallAj'o ) n-oA]! 
Gjjtgmojn 50 hJnbep ColpA, ^ m^ }tAn5A'o<} a cejle <^T^ fjn, 
•CO jro^liAtJ^ CAt A)]i cjtj mAcujb Ch^jtmAoA -) Ajjt ChuAr;A]b 
©e cAnAn a]]* cecnA. ?(ct cgnA c>o cu)]tg-6 cat; LAjlr^n 
ecopjto, *] T)0 cuA)-6 An bpip^o <\]]i clojfi Chcitm.voA aj 
mAcu]b"--?*ijl^t> ; ]onuj- 5u]t tujt ^<.iAc bjtejne le h'^jriijpjjn, 
%Ac Cojll le hGjbeii, j '^^iAC Cecc le IiGjiienion ; auia]! 
AToej]^ An j-gncuj-re : 

Do ]to)tcA3|t '2\iAc Bjte)ne 5^1 
) rl^Ajlcjn le b?t)m)}i5£n, 
mAc Cojil le h6)b(^p An 6]]i, 
niAC C^tz 00 Vajiti GjjteTfiojn. 

Do ^ajt^tJA)! yof A tcjt) pjo5nA An .1. Cjiic, FooIa, -] 
BftTibA, ATTiA]! A 06)^ An yjlc fAn jufl p : 

FooIa le bGAtAn 50 nuajli, 
le CA]C£|t BAnbA 5;() mbuAjo, 
Gjlie pn le Su]]if e )^ ]-)n 
ir D*^ o)5ct;A An v\^]^]^ p^. 


women wlio came along with the sons of Mila to Ireland, 
according to the Book of Conquests, viz. Scota, Tea, Fial, 
Fas, Livra, Ova, and Sceine. The following lines of the 
antiquai-y are our authority here, and in them we find the 
names of the husbands of such of these ladies as were mar- 
ried at the time of their arrival in Ireland : 

Seven noble women hither came 
With sons of great Miiesius, 
Tea, Fial, and charming Fas, 
And Livra, Ova, Scota, Sceine. 
Tea, wife of Eirevon of Steeds, 
Fial too was wife of Looec, 
Fas, wife of Un, son of Ugy, 
And Sceine, wife of Avergin. 
Livra of charms was wife of Fuaid, 
Widows were Scota and Ova fair. 
These 'tis certain were the dames 
Who came with sons of Mila. 

As to the Milesians, those who had landed with Eiver, and 
fought the battle of Sliev Misb, marched on to Eirevon, to 
Inver Colpa, and when they joined his forces there, they 
challenged the three sons of Carmad, and the Thuha De- 
dannan to a battle. Upon this they came to an engage- 
ment at Tahin, where the sons of Carmad were entirel}- 
routed by the Milesians ; insomuch that Mac Greine was 
slain by Avergin, Mac Coll by Eiver, and Mac Keacht by 
Eirevon, as we are thus hiformed by the historian : 

Mac Greine grea*>was slain 
In Taltin by Avergir^ 
IMac Coll by noDie Eiver, 
Mac Keacht by hand of Eirevon. 

Their three queens were also killed, namely Eire, Fola, 
and Banba, as the poet thus relates : 

Fola fell by noble Etan, 
Banba by victorious Caicher, 
Eire then by Suirgy slain. 
Thus died these tamous three. 



T AJJ1- mbejc 45 lenamain na puAj^e 00 fluAg ttijc '^^^hjlgt) 

t.o f lud5 mac '•^Ojleo.!. Ci]a]l=,ne, ttiac Bpeo J4]n, (V]]i Shl)<v\ 
Cu4jl5ne, jFurtt-, mAc Bpeo5Ajn, a)]^ ShljAti FuAp. 

► soco-'^.-eoeo 


Oo jiojii ejBjji 'j Gjp^mojn a]]+ Cjpjn eroit]{A ic 

9i R ejp ]ino}i]to UuArA De Daiun to -ojhjiir •] n* 
he)}ieri t>o Be)f, A)}t a ccumAp p^jn aca, Jiojn^)- 6]%]^ j 
ejponion Gjiie £-o]t]4A ; -] t>o jiej}! ipjtojn^e jie i-£ticu]', 
)}• j j^o]n DO I'jner) eroj^jtA ; ad lejr ruAjt) t50 be}f a^ Q]\f^- 
■riion 6 Bhojn -j 6 Slijtub Bjiojn buo ruA)r>, -j An reojiA ceon* 
but) •ocf 50 Z\r,n Chl]ocr,A A5 ©jbeji. A5 |-o m^ a ticjjt An 
]-^ncAo A]]^ An l>o)nf) : 

'^)]\ An lc]n fuA)©, lie>tr ^An 15]i6n, 

gATnii* An yl>^]t C]ji«j;m6n; 

6 .Sh]nib bju)]}!, buATAc an Jioju, 

rAp 5AC bii)r)n ^o Bojfi. 
Gjbejt, mAC %)!et> 50 ])Af, 

t)0 ^aB An lejr; •oejj-coiirA^, 

6 Bhojfi i:uA]jt, ]:a ce|t7; An J^ojn, 

50 CiijH jn^jno Bh^nujn. 

TejT, }Tno]ipo, cojje]* t)0 phpjrififcojj-^cujB fluAj^ tIiac 
C^^ijlg.D le hCjjijinon a]]j a \h]]i yi'jn •oo'n iiojn -j 5AbA)r> 
p£]»A]n uA)t), •] -po jijne ^ac noc •ojob •nunphojtt j n-A jioju 
ye)n T5o'n ygJiAfi. '^^5 p <vn coj^^p r<o]]-ec ro ^aB le 
hC)itQ,m6n .1. '-^^^Jinjli^jn, "Sojfr^n, Set>^A, Sol)A]]ice, ] 
Su}lt5e. ^S P V^T "* l^j'^Si''*)^^^ ^o to^bAri le hC]]iom6n, 
lie n-A cojg^p r.oj]-cc, A]jt trup r*o f o^aI) ]-e ycjn Rajt 
BetAjt) }n-"5j(jji5^"ojiojj- ajji Bjiua^ nA Fe<>)pe j n-0|-iiuj5e ; 



jGreat numbers of the Thuha Dedannan were also siain, 
and the Milesians following them in their flight towards the 
North, lost two of their commanders in the pursuit, name- 
ly Cualgny, son of Brogan, who was killed at Sliev Cualgny ; 
and Fuad, another of Brogan's sons, at Sli«v Fuaid. 


Of tJie division of Ireland between Eivcr and Eirevon, 


.FTER the banishment of the Thuha Dedannan, and 
when they had entirely leduced the Island, Eiver and Eire- 
von divided Ireland between them. The division, ac- 
cording to antiquaries, was as follows; the northern part, 
from the Boyne, and Sruv Bron was assigned to Eirevon, 
and all from that southwards as far asTunn Cline, tQ Eiver 
the historian mentions this division thus : 

The northern half, an happy choice, 

chose the princely Eirevon, 

from Sruv Bron, a hound exact,' 

'cross many tracts to Boyne. 
I^iver, Mila's prosperous son 

fixed upon the southern half, 

from cool stream of royal Boyne, 

to Tunn of Gaiinan's daughter. 

Five of the principal chieftains of the Milesian host at^ 
tended Eirevon to his part of the country, and received 
lands fi'om him, where each of them erected a castle or 
stronghold upon their own estate. The names of these 
five chieftains were Amergin,* Gosten, Sheya, Sovarky, 
and Suirgy. They erected also the following princely pa- 
laces : In the first place Erevon built Rath-Bahy, at Ar- 
gedross, on the bank of the Nore, in Ossory ; Amergin 

VOL. I. C c erected 

♦ ©r Ayeigin. 


CO ro JaB ):5|- ?<^)m)|ij;]n CujiIac -)nF)))t rhujit ; ©o togVj^vu 
le SoBAjitce Diin Sol3a)|»ce ; to rogBAo le Se^A 'Oun 
De)li;]fif], j ccjijc ChxiAlari ; to ro5t)rt-6 le oo]]'ren Catajp 
<vn Na]}* ; •03 uo^bAt) le Sujji^e tiun GoAjf*. \t5 ]"o 
<vn C0]5op -oo ^Ab le he]%]t .1. Cajceii, '^<bAnrAr, Gun, 
^jb^j J Fwlman. Do ro^BAp m.| ah cce'onA ]1a]g le]]- 
5AC ^^-<or^ -ojoIj. ?kj]i rruj- ro to^BAt) le hGjBoji yejn 
RA)f GoTTiAjn ] LA]5)n-rhA]^ ; le CA)ce)t Diin lii, ) 
n-].^rA)t Gjpen ; le %AiirAn CmncAC CAjp^e BlA'ojtaj'oe; 
le jieiin mAc 0)5e Rrtjt: V/)to Sujpo; le FulmAn H*jt 
CliAJppse Ke6.t)5. 

If } ci'-Aopa]? t5)<0)n5e ejle ]ie yenruj- ^ujt a1) j j40)n 
po jijne ejbg|» j Gjjigifion A)]t ejjtjfi ; m co]v;go ''-J^iurimn 
po bejt A5 Gjbef* ; 00)506 ChoifiAcr, ■] coj^^o LAj^en 00 
Be]i <»5 Oj)ien)6n ; "(Cojjeo llUc co bejc A5 OjBg]*, ttiac 
l\i, ifijc ^\ij!et), ^ A5 cu)t> ejle -oo ii* r^ojpecAjB rA]r)]c le 
mAcujb '?<;b]le'6 ; -jrpjocA c<5At5 Choj^cAlu^Ajt', |-An '^'iurhAjn 
r^|-, ru^A-p.^fo Lii5Ajt), mAc )re, mAc Dg]tl)i^Ar<| 4 p^riAr^. 
]]' mu)-oe TTiepi)iT) ah ceAr>pii]-6 fjn no 15e)r pnJjnec, ^n\i 
,a1) ] Laj^tijB t.0 r»] pnjomVon^phojtc Gjjioniojn ,1. Rajt 
BetAjt) ; •] fo]' 5ii]t a1) ]*An '^^iurfiAjn 50 bunAtsupAC rx) 
Ajr'jjer^ fljucr G)b]]i, ) j-ljoc- Gjjioinojn ) cCoJiAcrAjb ) 
1 LAj^njb, ~i fljoct Ru5}iA]6e, liijc Sjrjijge, tA)n]c 6 
Gjbois m^c lis TTijc ^jl^p, ] n-UIrA)b. O'n Ru5}iApe 
Y]n )mo}t)io, fcA]|tinre|i cIaIia RugpAJoo 00 n* pjoit 
UllrACAjb, 1 t,<vc t)}«oii5 "00 nA ylgcrAjb]-) no ciiAjt) ] ccuj- 
^cnujb A ce]le ■00 ncAiiAm y^ji^jn •] ^AbAlcu];-, m<j a ta 
T^tz clojne Rir^]tA]ce 50 L^jgnjb, .1. pljocr C'iiomijll 
CheA|ir)ii]5; ] Uoi5)p ; -] pljocr Fheji^njA, mjc Ro]f, ) 
cConmA]ciie Chojiacr, '] ) cCo]>CAni|tiiA)'c, 'j i cCjAjnij-oe 
^■^<.H'iniAii ; ') niujnrjft Dliu]b)n)|<, no pljocc ChAjjtbjie 
C'ln)f-oGA)]» n jc C'orcnjpl), no pIjocT: LaBj^aj^ Lo]n5p)j, 
1 mwfr]H Rj''jii, no j-Ijocc CljAf>o)ft rnoi]-', 6 Laj^iijB 



erected Turlagli Inver More ; Sovarky built Dun Sovark) ; 
Sheya raised DxXn Delginsi, ia the territory of Caalann ; 
Gosten built Cahar an Nar; and Suu-y erected Dun j.dar, 
Five also went with Eiver, namely, Caicher, Mantaii, JUi, 
Oigy, and Fuhnan. They in like manner respectively erected 
palaces. First, Eiver built Rath Eovan, m Leinster; 
Caicher, built Dun Inn, in the west of Ireland ; Mantan 
founded Cuvda Carrick Blary; Rath Ard Suird was 
founded by Er, son of Oigy ; and Rath Carrick Fayee 
by Fulman.* 

Other historians are of opinion, that the division of Ire- 
land made by Eiver and Erevon was thi^s : the two provinces 
of Munster belonged to" Eiver; the provinces of Conacht, 
and Leinster to Eireyon ; the province of Ulster to Eiver, 
son of Ir, son of Wila, and to some other Milesian chiefs; 
and the district of Corcalooee, in Desmond, was assigned 
to Looee, son of Ih, son of their Grand-uncle. This 
latter opinion I am inclined to think the most correct 5 
because Rath Bahy, the principal residence of Eirevon, 
was in Leinster, and also because the descendants of 
Eiver, resided originally in Munster; those of Eirevon in 
Conacht and Leinster ; and those of Rury, son of Sheery^ 
a descendant of Eiver, son of Ir, son of Milesius, in 
Ulster. From this Rury, the name of Clanna Rury is given 
to the real Ultonians,t and ail their descendants who 
went into the different provinces for the sake of conquest, 
for instance, the expedition of the Rury into 
Leinster, i. e. the descendants of Conall Carney who went 
into Leix ; the posterity of Fergus Mac Roy, who settled 
in Conmacnc, in Conacht, and in Corcomroe and Kerr}% 
in Munster ; the family of the Dwyers, of the race of 
Cai'bry Cluhecar, son of Concorb, who was descended 
from Lavra Lyiigshy, and the fonuiy of the Ryans, of 

* Fifteen copies, all that I have been able to coUite,. omit the pabat 
bnilt by Oigy. 

-f- Men of UUter. 


rAngftt)-! ro'n ^<^hunu]n. I]- cjan oY-)]' iia ]Jomr)0 pySc 
^]^KY ']^)V^^'^^ ^J]^ ^)P)'^5 rvinjA'o^ iitv y6})iT(e ]'}n <vp 
a cc)i]oc»]b yejn ] "rjpjb Cjle ) n -6jii]ri. )p folluj- yop 
^ujt <\b i\e Vju ^Ohu]]ie6a)5 Qijpjj do ciiaT.j n>\ r}t) ColKv 
go n-<v mb]i»»]r)i]b 6 ChofwctajbrKj •ccAnaiii^Abiilru]]- <\)p- 
"UlIrAjb, 5u]» beiiar^ Jtujil iii6]i tso'n coi^eo rijob ojjt 
cj^ien, .1. ^'tiat^ajm, "Uj m^c Uajp, -j Uj Cliitjoiiifajn,-'' ^.^ 
jfujljo tvjtong ihop cjob •o'a hvvjrju^at) ) n-jum, nis{ 4 r* 
Ra^nwU JapU ?(onr5}tom*, 6 CliolU liAjp; '-iOASupjii, 
%A5-Tnv^r5tviiina, ^j "Ua hVtnluAjii 50 11-a 11511 blajb ^ejnolajg 
6 ChoUft t)A c]tjc. Jp ]»e VjH ChojmiAjc, injc v^jjtr, yop, 
rtingrtt?^ f)*^')r]& •'• ^'J'^C^ ^^' pljocr Gj))rni6)ii, •oo'n '>\Miu- 
liiajn, 5U}t 5l^b^JT^J }0}iari jii-e, JpiteVjii Ijcveajc '-Jii^n]!- 
Jecrtjn X)0 bejc j iijo5acc ^(.^umAn ra)n)c C»\).}tb}te '^upc, 
r>u)nc uApitl rjo ]'lpcr C]]ieiTi6)]i, le "oan 50 K]ac<v)6, 50 
jfiuji^ <v }fu)l t)'p£t^rtn 6 Shljge L)vvK\ .1. 411 BeUc mop ) 
Ti-Op]m3,5e, 50 Cnoc ?C)ne-cl|ftC 3 nou<»]p 4 "caTKv, (ViiiA)l 
leA5rij ] l^^ivp ^^'porriACd. Ip 6'n cCiVjpbjic %upc p]n 
HA]i)Te\i '^Oupcjiuj^e-tjpe no^n id* ll|iriuim>vjn. )p gpot) 
C4 ejp p]!! ranjAD^ cu}o xdo p-jol 6)b]|t, ni^ <v nv pljocc 
Choprna}.o "Sajlen^, ) cConacr<i)b, ni^ <v rajo fertjlen^* -j 
Lujgne, ]p td'* plpct "U* hOa^jia -j U<v OAripA pan lejt 
tu4]t), 'J m.^ pjn v)0 5AC oujne, ■] 00 5^0 cjneal ejlc p*}n]^ 
rt T:cj]tjb ejle J n~ej,)i]n, nj t)o bjfjti na jiom f o j»]n Cjbejt 
'J 6]]teTfiori t)0 cuap^ jofiro. Ua j»c}}»p]n mep<i]m ah 
ceAtspAjo •6L;]5£nAC •00 bejr pjpjncc, ojp nj hjnmgpc* 
SU|t rtb pan mjp l^Ainjg ©jbeji, j n-A jyujl ^jPsecpojp, 
t)o ro]5eobAt5 Cjpeifion a ceAt* p)h]i)oifijiAj^, m^ a ri 
jiAjr E^-Ajib 3 n-VYjjt^etJpojp. Ujrte p]n inepajm ^up Ab 
] n-A mjp yejn t)0 jijne ), ^j ra jiejp pjn gup ab no 
\w]u Ojjioni'jjn 0635^6 LA35en, AiiiA3l a 1063^ *" 6ear'pA36 


* Ui, pronounced ee, signifies daccrdants, fostertty, as Ee Criflfan, 
the posterity ef Crlffan, by which is understood the country which th;y 
possess. Some write Hy 


the larce of Cahir More, who came from Leinster into 
Munster. But ii was long iifter Eiver and Eirevuti had 
divided Ireland, that these iribcs removed from their ovvu 
countries into other parts of the Island. It is evident 
also, that it was in the time of Murrough Teerey, that 
tlie three Colias, with their relations, went from Conacht 
to seek settlements in Ulster, wheie they seized upon a 
great part of the province, viz. Mourne, Ee Mac Uaish, 
and Ee CrilVan, where many of their posterity stiil 
remain ; as Kegii^iaid, Earl of Antrim, descended from 
Colla Uaish ; the INlaguires, PJac Mahons, and O'Hanlons, 
with their several branches, descended from Colla Da- 
chreegh. In tlie days of Corniac Mac Art, the Deases, 
a family of the line of Eirexon, came into Munster, and 
obtained a settlement there. In the reign also of Fiacha 
Mullehan, kingof Munster, came CarbryMusc, a gentleman 
of the line of Eirevon, with a poem to Fiacha, and obtained, 
as the reward of his performance, all that tract of land 
from Sleeye Dala, otherwise called Ballaghmore, in Ossoiy, 
to Cnoc Aine-cleea, as is recorded in the book of Ardmagh. 
From this Carbry Muse, the two Ormonds are named 
Muskeny.* Shortly after this, the descendants of Cormac 
Galeng, who were some of the posterity of Eiver; came 
into Conacht, namely, the Galengs, and the Looneys, 
from whom the O'Haras, and G'Garas. And so it was with 
cverj" other person and family, who (anie into other 
parts of the country, and not on account of the division 
made by Eive? and Eirevon. I am consequently in- 
clined to ihinl: the latter opinion to be correct, for it is 
not to be supposed that Eirevon would build his palace of 
Rath Eahy at Argedross, that place being in the part whicli 
fell to Eiver. Therefore, I supjiose he built it in his own 
ten'itoiy, and ccnstquently the province of Leinstcr be- 
longed to him, as the latter oj^inion supposes. 


■• 7: e;-(. io ar.otber Mwskcrry in the Ccuutj' Cork. 


CdJtU y]\e jro^Umc* 'd'<v n^o^ficj Cjji, rrivvc C-jy, '| 
cjiuirjjte ceolbjii rafi B'ajnm On<voj, <i]]t <vn rytojn^ 
TTAnjc le mACA]b "<.^jleo ] ii-Gjpjn ; 'j a t5ubA)iir Gjljg)^ 
5ujt rtb 4]5e jrejn 'po Bej-oj]-, 7 a loubAjpt GjjieTiion ^ujt 
db Aj^e pe)n t50 be)"ojp, <icr cen* -jy u ojttsu^ao no 
cuAjt) fito)i]tA, A ]tO]n pe cejle rpe c)i ;ncu]t "00 cuj^t ojtjtA ; 
'J cu]cef c]t<vn Gjbjjt <»)it <vri n-ojppj'oec, -j cyivvfi GjjteTfiojn 
«}jt <\n [fjljt? ; ^onAo <V5 V'^JI'nejp <in jHipepajri]-) a rap 
TiA pAjfi]-] yjo]- 3 Sak<»)jt CliAji-jl : 

Do cu)it]-£T3 cjiAficujt 50 c6)|t, 

A)]t <vn nr)p iioiVTIa nojomojjt, 

50 P«i)n]5 t>o'n -pio)* <v n-oey 

<vn cpLijrjpe c6)]j contrcj'. 
IlA)nj5 yoy t5o'n yjojt a rruA}6 

<»n c-olUrh ^iiy <v n-ollbuA)t>, 

^on* Te y]n ]»A]n)b i'ihacc 

6]irAn A5<V]' ollrtiwiAcr, 
Cejnbjfig]- c)u]l, c<»jne t)]ien 

j nrgj-, I TToejj-ceytr Gjpen, 

)j' ATiiUjj, bjAf 50 b]iaf, TtibjiAi' 

AiiiiVjl <v "ocj]! an .Sencap 

T^an^AT^ ce]f}ie morA)5 y]cer> le rriAcujb %jlgo ) 
n-Gjujn, -j CO benar<i cejfjie mii]5e fjceo a cojU ]^ 
rrgcr j n-G]]i]n -ooiiY), -j jj- uata yi'-jn <v)nmnj5r£)i ti4 
moj^e j-)n. 9<^5 ]-o a n-AnmanA ; Vqone, v^), '4f a1, 
^ejoe, '^iiopba, *?Ojt)C, Ciijb, Cl)u, CpjtA, Re]]t, 8lan. 
Lejje, L]j:e, Ljne, Lj5en, Tjica, DliIa, V^r^jt, vijj^jn, 
Dejfju, DcaIa, Fca, Fejrhpn, ^epa ; a rvSjo tia hAimnuA 
j"]n 50 cjnrc a]]\ da rriA^Ajb ceATDA } n-Gjpjn } n-jum. 

Cu^ yoy CcA, ]n^en Lu^aj-o, iii]c )re .1. ben Gj]ieTi'.6)n, 
]rA •DgjiA miip tio t6w;ba)l ri) yo}n ) L}Afr>]to)m, Jie a 
Jtijoreit C£nu)|» ] n-juii', •) ]p 6 TIica, jn^^n Lu)5r£C 
^ojprgjt, rgniAjp "oo'n rulA]5 j-jn .1. '■^..iup lca. 

Do bAt5<j m)c ^'ijlf^o .1- Gjb(^p -j ejitein6n j cconij^'lAjfe]' 
Gi]ien ye-o bljA^riA, 50 wcapJA ]iit]if;:pui £^op)io ya ycjl5 



There came along with the Milesians to Ireland alearned 
poet named Cir, son of Cis, and a harper eminently 
skilled in music, whose name vvasOnee. Eiver and Eirevoii 
severally insisted that they belonged to them ; at length, 
however, they came to a resolution to cast lots for them ; 
whereupon the musician fell to the lot of Eiver, and the 
poet became the subject of Eirevon ; in commemoration 
of which dispute, we have the^followingUnesin the Psalter 
of Cashel : 

Lots indeed they fairly cast, 

for this noble wondrous pair, 

when the southern chief obtain'd 

the harper dext'rous, skilful. 
The man of North then possessed 

the poet of wondrous pow'rs, 

whence poetry and harmony 

flourish in sway extensive. 
Chords harmonic, soothing rhymes, 

in North and South of Eirin, 

History tells, and 'tis true, 

thus e'er shall reign triumphant. 

There came over widi the Milesians four and twenty 
artix'icers or laborers, who soon after their arrival cleared 
twenty four plains that were overrun with woods, which 
plains were called after them. Their names were Ayne, 
Ai, Asal, Meye, Morba, Mee, Cuiv, Clin, Ceara, Reir^ 
Slan, Leye, Lify, Liny, Liyen, Trea, Dula, Ayar, Ariu, 
Desiu, Deala, Fea, Feven or Femen, andSheara; these 
plains are literally known by the same names at the present 

Tea, daughter of Looee, sonof Ih, and wife of Eirevon, 
ordered a palace to be erected for herself at Liadrum, 
now called Teamhair or Tara. And it is from this Tea, 
daughter of Looee, that the hill is called Teamhair, i. e. 
the palace of Tea. 

Eiver and Eirevon, the sons of Miln, reigned Jointly for 
<?ne year, till a dispute arose between them, about the 



fiA -t]i] r^T]io^r,^T\ v- ypjijj •co ])] ) n-C)]i]ii, .1. Djtom • 
cT^riijj, ] i-c]\]c W.U]nc, D]tom-l)e-.\c j %)>oTi-iho]=;, •) 
Dpom-yjnj,]!! j-,»n "^iuifiAjr. ]]- au j-jn riis;^^ cat tp);* 
CjBej^ 1 GjiieMion ] ti-11]T) Fa)lje, 4]]i l^jnij B]1]oo^^)n, 
<i5 r6c*iv ■j-c]]\ t).\ Tfi45 } rruajf ^c]j-]lle. Do bp^ycti 
t50 GjB(^|t yan cat I'ojn, -j ro Tn^jBart 6 yiljn -j -p)<j 
ra)-)pec ts'a nuijTirjlt <»fi, .1. Sn)]ic;c SoV)4)]ice -] bojffcrv' 
driiA]! 4 r)Cj]t an fjle 4jf> «gin nj-of ] : 

Do ini)ri]'<^'o Baiil)A ^.^n Rjion 
CjlV]* <t5vvp GjiigThon, 
^o rrA]n)^ iial^ amban 
bliAz;a]n 5an ci»e]c ^An co^.i'o. 

Do fta]-6 ben 0)1)]]) tu cc<»f, 

mun but) le rjiojm CsO]n CUpAc, 
T]»o]m BerA-6, -oiioim Fjn^jn yjn, 
nac hy\i! ton ojrico ] n-G)]t]ri. 

ro)iCi\]f^ Gjbgf^, rtnb(V <vn y^p, 
Ic hCju^mon ttiac •^Vjlgt) 
yuajii ) rcurtjf; hejplle a ^njn 
yt^n maitJjn <v]]t ^^haj^-Smeitcujn. 

•v^^ yo m*| A "oejji An jrjle C4mi]-6e, 45 rect lejf ah 
njt) ccernA : 

^ G]z;}") B^nbA v:;o mblojt) 

An yey rto]!') no An ]yer>A'Go]';i 

c|ter> ]:a]i cnjj^co An cac moji 

A)i» G)15e|i le hGi]iprh6n. 
Jncopt) uA]m 6cO]rj]'] yjn 

An yivt yA nr>eA]tii* An yjorigo)! 

um tp) o]ioniAntii"5 ^An Tpeji-H 

ly yt a|ti» -00 bj 1 n-C)lteiri._ 
Djtojm K]nj;]n, -pjtOjm-CUyAC c^]r\ 

"p]iO]m BgrAio ] cCofiAtrAjb 

to'a ccoynATn yjn, nj jiAo ^U', 

rujAt) An r-Ajt yo a Gj^yj. 

Oo 5(\b G])i(^Tiii6n, ]<| mbc]r; ] ccoifiylAjf^^y Gjjt^u |ic 
iiG)T>^]i y(^t5 bijA^nA, yVA]toy jomUn G]]ien ccjfpc 
mblj^^nA rvc'A^ o'ejy vnAjtbfA Cjbn^ ] ccac v()l»b1'^l''^ir' 
fo }ie)lt tjjiojnge ^c y^nciiy; aitiajI a T;C]]t An y)lc ynn 

jjjfij-o ; 



possession of the three most fertile hills in Ireland, namely 
Drum-Clasa in the territory of Mainy, Drum-Baha in 
Moy-Mayne, and Druui-Finneen in Munster. They, in 
consequence of this, came to an engagement in Offaly, 
near Bru Bridan, at Tolmr, which lies between two plains 
in the district of Geshill. In this battle Eiver was defeated> 
and he himself and three of his generals slain ; namely 
Suirgy, Sovarky, andGosten; as the poet thus observes : 

Eiver brave and Eirevon^ 

shar'd, and happy Banba rul'd j 

without strife or war one year, 
'till their wives aml)ition seiz'd. 

The wife of Eiver of fights, 
vow'd imless she got the hills, 
of Clasa, Bih, and Finneen, 
not to sleep one night in th' Isle. 

Eirevon, Milesius' son^ 
slew Eiver, an hero brave ; 
In Geshill's land his dire wound 
on Moy Smerhan he receiv'd. 

The following are the words of the poet T^any on the 
same event : 

Ye learn'dof Banba noble, 

know ye yet, or can ye tell, 

why was urgM the dreadful tight 

by Eirevon 'gainst Eiver. 
I shall tell you from myself 

of this fratricide the cause, 

'twas for three deserted hills, 

most fruitful of all Eirin. 
Drum-Finneen, Drum-Clasa fair, 

Drum-Baha too in Conacht, 

For their defence, sad to tell, 

was vvag'd this war, ye learned ! 

lCire\6n having reigned one year along with Eiver, held 
frhe entire sovereignty of Ireland fourteen years after the 
death of Eiver, as some historians say, at the battle of 
\rgedross : 1'lius the poet observes in the following 
^tiyiza : 

VOL. 1. D d Four 


C'e)f)te bljrt^riA oca 5 ]to clop 
0'6j)>om6n ) n-<v]»TJ:Kvjf£p 

ni>j a|t tu]z G)hc]\ lomUn. 
^}"0c> !]• 3 ccar)):a)i6 cojrrpn ha poncax? n*c ) ccAf 

Jf ]»e V)n Gj]tem6]n ro it]net5 na ^njonia f^ rJ'^l" ' '^1 
* tii, cat Chujie C(v)ce]i> j ccen blja^na '^'v]\- m<jbf«v 
^)^)l*j 1 )r *•"' D" ^o ^"P C(»]cc;i rvOjpoc to 's\bl)ii)rir)}» 
ejBj|t le h?ijni)}t5)n, mac %)lo6. I cc^fi ljl)AJna t5(v 
eip pjn 00 fu]T; ^]m)]tj;}n le liGjjiv-'non ) ccar Bhjle- 
rejnco j ccuIajB Bftc^, -] ]]* pan nihlja^ajn p)n r>(> V)n50-r<| 
noj inbitopnacA 'Gjlc, -j lillr]»j jiipena ua n-Ojljolla ycv 
rjjt ) n-ejjtjii. ^ri rjtef blja^ajn oiv ejp pjn t)o fujr 
Fuiman •] ^(iaiiran, .1. njap ra)]pec wj miijnr)ii GjB]}j le 
hGjjtenion ) dcac Bjte^ujn ) ffjtf^nuijn. 

t>o Ijn5et5<j occ loca pa rjp ) n-G))i)n ] jplajfcp Gjjtemojn, 
m^ 4 ri loc Cjme, ^ ^45 f^^^^J^B *]ti^ *^ iiiaca]]te r^ ap 
Tjng an loc, loc Buat?a]5, ^^^^ fi*&'»> ^^^ Rcjn, loc Fjonrhajse, 
loc ^jtejne, loc Rjac, ^ 'A^a^ m^ojn Ainm An liiacAjae r^ 
4 rr4)nj5 an loc, loc Da cioc j La)5n]B, j loc Lco^ j 
n-IJllrajB. ?^n cerpamaf) hljagajn ]<j pjn -oo m<|BA6 "Un, 
"J Can, 'J Garan J ccaf Coniajjie, j %'j6e, le liGjpenion; 
"7 -00 rogbao a ipejira aH. }p pAn bljag^jn ce'ona 00 
^P5£'^-I ^A ^1^] SoccA pa t]]\ ] cConacCAjB. 

^( rej}ijo t^Iion5 \\e p<2nciip 511]^ Ab e Gjjigriion tjo 
jioju c6j5 coj^eoA Gj^en, tj'ejp bA)p G)15)p, <i)ji dujt> •00 
tia r.o)i-ocii)>) CO b] aj^c ; ru^ A]|t r^iip coj^^t) Laj^en 
no Chjjjornfajn Scjatbcal, oiijne iiApAl o'jA'jirii^ pejt 
mBoI^; ru5 p6p cojget) %anian 00 cejt]te mAcajb C)bj}> 
.i. G)>, 0)»ba, F^noH, •] F<^]t5na ; cu^ « }ijp coj^eo ConAdn 



I'our years aiul ten I've heard, 
Eirevon a monarch reign'tt 
after tight of Argedross, 
where fell the noble Eiver. 

It is however the common opinion of historians, and as 
I conjecture the truest one, that Eiver was slain at the 
battle of Geshill, as before observed, and not at that 
of Argedross. 

It was in Eirevon's time the following actions took place, 
namely, the battle of Cool-Caicher, a year after the 
death of Eiver; and there it was that Caicher, a leader 
of Elver's people, fell by Avergin, son of Mila. In a 
year after, Avergin fell by Eirevon in the battle of Biley- 
Teiney, in Cool-Bra. It was in thjs year also that the nine 
Brosnas of Ely burst forth over the land, and the three 
Unsheans of Tirollilla. The third year after this, Fulman 
and jMantan, two chiefs of Eiver's people, fell by Eirevon 
in the battle of Breyun, in Frav^iin. 

Eight lakes burst over the land in the reign of Eirevon 
namely, Loch Kimy, over tha|tf)lain named Moyshreng, 
Loch Boy, Loch Baa, Loch Itein, Loch Finmoy, Loch 
Gi'eiae, and Loch Reeah, over the plain named Moymain; 
Loch Dachy, in Leinster, and Loch Lee, in Ulster. In four 
years after this, Un, Ean and Ethan were slain in the 
battle of Cowry, in Meath, by Eirevon ; and their graves 
were raised there. In the same year three rivers called 
the Sucks burst out over land in Conacht 

Son^e antiquarians assert that it was Eire^ on that divided 
Ireland into four provinces, amongst some of his chieftains 
after the death of Eiver. First, he gave the province of 
Leinster to CrifFan Skeeavcl, a nobleman of the Bolognes ; 
he also gave the province of Munster to the four sons of 
i^iver, namely, Er, Orbu, Farran and Fargna. lie gav€^ 



TO Un nuc Uj^e, •] •oo GvjtiMi, x>].\\- *vO]f?^r T-4]n]5 \c]\' 
6'n eAj-pajn ; vnA\i An cceoiu loo yitSAjT) 115 Gjljcp, nuc 

If ] ffl^rer ej]i£rii6)n, ]moji)to, ran^ar^ <^'l'ii)''")S 
.1. Pjcrj, fluA^ ro fiijdll o'n TpacjA, ^-j liC)ii]n; "\ x>o 
I'u'j]^ Cho)ima)c nu(- Cu]len<t]n ) n-* pvlcrt])!; jy e T^it 
]:<v|i ya^bat)^ an UitAcjiv, r]ie m^ ro ro^Ajjt I'oljcoitnu]-, 
•]t]^ na CjiACjij, jngen ^Ujr^onruim -oo h) 45 bur, ^t5r<o]fg,c 
n* cCpujfnec, c't'j^niii^Ar, '| jao jrt'jn ) I'e]!!) buAHAcr* 
n* cj'jce. ?i))t n-A bjiajT; t>o tilui-o -j t)'* Cli)iu]fn^»Hi]b 
bO ]ta]b An jijj <i])t rj n<» hjngjne p'ej^nju^At), ni^bf^ 
leo e ■] r)te]5)o pejii <in rjjt ujme yjn, -j rpjv^llujt) 6 c}t)C 
50 cpjc, 50 jioccAjn n4 Fjtajnjce •oojl), m^ a jfUA))i^r^ 
coti^Ba)! buAnACTTA -] ye]iA)n 6 ]i)5 FpAjn^ce, ^jr a}* 
ro^BAt)^ CAfA]]j jtjy A |tA]t)r^]t PjctAvjum 6 nA PjcrjlS 
.1. Cj»u)rnj5 Icji rogbA-o ), -j m^ co cuaIajio jtj^ FjiAjn^ce 
rejj-c ycejrne nA hjn^jne ro fos;A]|i a bejf j n-A l^fiAn 
leprA Aj^e yc'jn. N(]t nA cloy j-jn no &hur, tjijAHuy go 
]jon A ifiujnrjju; Ic]]- A)}t cejrjt-, le n-A jnjjn 50 hGjpjfi, 
"J A]]-* vniiejr: A]|t niu]]» ojp, ^'*5<^r *^ )'^5?." "^'^ I 5'^^J<*]^ 
jre'jn fa C}|- yjn cn,vn A5 Inb^p SlAjn^e. Cjj BeioA Ajjf 
An rrujiuy yo, act: AitiAjn 50 n-AbA]ji 511^ nb yAn Vijc 
tuAjo rGjjijn rAnjAt)^ j '^^ll^- ^^5 T^^ '^'*! "^ "^^'Jl* T^^ri 
cd'AT) CAbjTjI -oo'n ccAt) lob^ |to ycjijob no yraj]t tA^lAjye 
ShANAn. " LAjtlA no cjnen nA l)Pjcc rgcr o'n J^icjcjA, 
" Aniv^jl (V rejjKe]!, j mbet,An no Vo]nt;2y pnA yAn ?(j5<'An 
*' ]ie yeolA-o no jte yejren nA n5<:of roj^prr Igr; a nuijg 
" wo i;)!e tc6)iAnuib pa BjijorAjnc -£C- j n-OjUjn, -j a))» 
"^A^•M^ cjnjn Sciir jiompA, no jjl'Ar^ lonAo (•oviimijn''fi 
"fujb ye)n aH y^n j n) iyurt]iicr<j." F)n.^r nj ] rriijjyc^ji- 
Gjlu^a ran^,\t)s) ] rr))i, Acr, az, bun inb))! SUjn^c 1 ccuah 
i(,("A ?i»}in::\ii, ATih^jl A niibjuui;^, -j :.\pM^ C]i)onir,ui 

y')<*' ijcoj 


the province of Conacht to Un, son of Ugy, and to Etan, 
two chiefs who attended him from Spain ; the province of 
Ulster in hke manner he left to Eiver, his brother Ir's 

It was in the reign of Eirevon, that the Cruihneans, 
otherwise denominated Picts, a people of Thrace, came 
to Ireland ; and according to Cormac Mac Cullenan in 
his Psalter, the cause of their leaving Thrace was, because 
Policornus, king of Thrace, desi -aed to force a beautiful 
marriageable daughter of Gud, the supreme chief of 
the Cruihneans, while they were themselves in possession 
of quarters in the country. When Gud and his Cruih- 
neans suspected that the kiiio- had deigned to force the 
young lad} , they slew him, .uid then left the country. They 
passed then from laud to land, till they arrived in France, 
where they were quartered and had lands from the king 
of that country ; there they built a city named Pictavium, 
from these Picts or Cruihni who raised it. As the king 
of France, however, heard of the lady's l)cauty, he designed 
to make her his mistress. When Gud was apprized ot 
this, he, with all his peq,ple, fled with his daughter to Ire- 
land; and while they were at sea, the lady died, and 
the)^ afterwards landed in Slaney harbour. Bede agrees 
in the history of this expedition, except that he sajs that 
it was in tiie north of Ireland they landed. Thus he 
expresses himself in his ecclesiastical history of Britain; 
book I. chap. I. "Tiie Pictish race happened, as it is 
" said, to come fron) Scythia in a few long gallics over the 
" r,<ean, b3'the drift or blowing of the winds, iiito Ireland 
" outside all the Bi itish coast ; and finding tlie Scotic race 
" here before them, they asked asettlementforthemselves, 
'^ but this they did not obtain." However, it was not in 
the north of Ireland tliey landed, but as we said, at the 
jiiouth of the Slaney, in the harbour of Wexford. Here 
t|iey were met by CriiFan Skeeavel, who was sovereign 



]-t)Arbertl ro bj ) cc^nuj' Lcvj^en 6 Gjjtcnion <\n ua))tj"]tu 
} n-<v noAjl ivil fjn, -j no i'»)iu; Cvi^jirej- }i)u. ]y y%s y.v 
cojf]^ ro'n CAbUc j-jn .1. Bii-o j a iih\c C^fl-Luvn, 1 jp 
iijnie no cen^Ail Ch}i]oifiri\n <^i]i'wr |t)ti, no Vjjij^ 50 
]u>r)(\nA]> niJon^A io'l]a}|'l]V) iitv BjJenajne, 'o'.v ii5<>)}>^] 
ruttf-<v ]''jor)5it, rtj 5<^")i)l nejjiu ] i).()f.jni]lj no 511c lejt 
no bun ^^^\ Sjajnjc. )]' ariili^jo no b;ir^<i au nitoiig ]-]n, 
•j iijiii <i)ii AjUTi 5^0 ioii ACA, ymuy man Ijcj no Tn6]t 
fli; cjiecc no ^njc] leo, ii) ^abAo lej^^f ^]]t bjoc Sf^'-'jm 
no'n ot<} 50 iv^^i^o bAp, -j no cuaIa CpjonicAii 50 )»A]b 
t>Y<0] t)e]5colAC n'<v njojiif;) riiopnan j [rocajji ha cCjtujfnec 
no bgjtAn le]5ci- no jrc'jn, -] n'A riuijnrj))^ a ccojne iia 
njme t>o bjon A])t ^mu)b Cbuat* Kjonj* •] no yhjAj-pA)^ 
no Ch]K)pnAn c}ien An lei^^p t)0 ncAnAn ] n-A5A]n njino 
fljim nA njiojn^e iln no TiujngniA]^. Cufif^j Icr, A)t 
(3)iofnv\n, rp) c^jAn bo lii^ol yjon n'A ccpun, -j cujtf*^ 
An htz DO fcebf^ uAtA ] log a))^ 1^ ah n^Acajjie ) n-A 
ccl^cr^ l]b bejr Ag coriijiAC J^)ii, 'j yojAjp cat oji]tA A)|t 
<in mACAjite ccennA ^| ^ac ;on non niajfir))! lo]rj;jfo}i 
Ico, tej^en yAn log n'A }:of}iiij,An, ] bun y\i\n 6 gojn 
nA njme e. Oo gnjuol* le CjijomcAn a nnubA)}«T; An 

nlKO), -J yOgJIAp CAt AjtnAlolnilACCA AJjt chuAf A}b I'jonJA, 

•j b]»)pe]- n6)b g'^ ^tug a nnejij <\\i aH. Ip 6'n n5n)om 
j-jn, •] o'n ccAt b")^'£l* '"'^^ ^^O'^'^-'^iwiacta no'n CAt 
yjn 6 fojn ]lle, attia]! a nc)yi An yjle pAn ]<ojn po pjop : 

^]in^leTfinAcrA -]]\ ror, 

yjomn z^f.r con ]y q^cp, 

c]ieAn n ngojjifeit Ajnm An yi\]\] 

no ^Ab 6 A]mp]j> Ch]i)oTncu]n. 
C)i)onifAn ycjArbCAl rf jto gAb, 

no y;o|iAn A]jt a cu)i<vn, 

n'A nnjnen A]]\ 5;^'')]ti"i)ni A]im 

nA n-Ar<\c n-UAT-ni<) n-ArJAiib. 
Seipj^ft Cpujrnoc ]to Cju Oja 

rai)f;An<j a ~]]i ThfiArjA 

Sojien, \11|)]>A, NpcrujTi ViAjt 

?K)ng|i]-, I.f^i^An, )p cjtopnAn. 


of Leinster, under Eirevon at tliat time, and formed a 
friendship with them. The leaders of this expedition, 
were Gud and his son Calihian ; and the motive of 
Criffan for forming friendship with them, was that some 
Briiisli nobles, named Feeys, were establishing themselves 
in Forth, at both sides of the mouth of the Slaney. These 
people had all of thcni poisoned arms, so that whatever 
wound, whether large or small they inflicted, the patient 
received no i)enefit from medicine, but inevitably died. 
Criffan learnt that there was a Druid highly informed among 
the Cruihni, named Throsdan, who would give him a 
remedy against the poisoned arms of the Feeys. He there- 
fore asked him what remedy he should employ. Get milked 
a hundred and fifty white cows without horns, saj's 
Throsdan ; and let the milk be thrown into a pit, in the 
middle of the plain where you usually fight these people, 
and provoke them to battle there ; and each of your people 
that is wounded, let him bathe in the pit, and he shall 
be healed from the poisoned wound. Criffan acted accord- 
ing to the advice of the Druid, and proclaimed the battle 
of Ardlevnachta against the Feej-s, and there defeated 
them with bloody slaughter. From this fact it is, tliat this is 
denominated the battle of Ardlevnachta ever since ; a^' 
^he poet sa3's in the following lay : 

Ardlevnachta in the southern clime. 

Each learned asks the name, 

Whence the soil so cali'd can be 

Establish'd still from Criffan's time. 

Criffan Skeeavcl was the king, 

To save his warlike host, 

And protect them from the poison'd shafts 

Of savages desperate, fierce. 

Six Cruilmeans sent by God, 

Came from Thracia's ciime, 

.Solan, L'lpra, Nachtan brave, 

.'^uguS; Lehan and Throsdan. 



Ro Tjox^nujc Djvv iSo]]'), t]\{^ ^iip, 
t)* n-joc 1*111 5e(t}ijo)ii orjiu]' 

T1A n-ATrtC pec,rni<j iM)j,d}t^. 
)p e ]:')o}teolnp }:uit]ii x>o]V) 

t5]i.O; iiv^ cCjni)rnec, n)o]t bV'A^cojjt, 

r]»j (\Oj;i\o 1)6 rii.ol 'oo'n rhojg 

no bleo-oujn ) n-a)Ti-ciit;(>)5, 
Do cu)]je6 An cat 50 c<vcc 

mun 1*5 'n-(v |t<v)b An lerhnAcr, 

r>o rtHii'D An car ^o cAlniA 

Ajfi ArArii]!) A)»t*-lJAnbA. 
DaIa riA cCjinjfnec ah pjn, ni^ A ta bur, j CArlutJfi 
A tfiAc, cujjtjr) jiompA rgjir LAj^en to ^aBajI, •] m^ tio 
cuaIajt e]]iem6n ]-]n, nnolii]- fluA^ Ijonrn^, -] rjg o'a 
n-jonpAj^e, -j iti<i no concAr^ nA Cjiujr,n]5 ^lAn ]An yejn 
Ijon CAru}5re jjjr cen^lAjn j-jr icAjpng)' itjj-. NoirA]- ejji^- 
ifion n6]B 50 ]iA]be nurAjn no'n Tejr co]]i f:uA]n n'Cjytjn ■] a 
niibAii»- ]i]u nol t'a liAjrju^An. ) ]- ah |')n no ]<jtt An<| C]tn]f n]^ 
4)|i ejyiemon cinn no ii^ mnAjb uAjple no b) 1 n-vonruriiA 
<V]5e fcjn no niniv,b nA rr^ojpec rAjnjg leo o'n OAppAjn 
» <»5 Ajt m^bAn A jyjjt ro cAbAjitr: nojb ft'jn, no |ie)]t BJidna 
j'An ccAn cAbjn)l no'n ccAn Igb^ no ftAjjt nA Saxah, ^ 
no cgngUn^ jiAfd iipejne •] ^ApcA o]»jtA ]:e]n ^W)} Ab 
mo no b]Ain ]t]05Acr Ch]ui]rjnriiAf, ]i]y a ]tA)nre]> ^^IbA 
] nnjuj,, A5 A pcAlbugA-n 6 bAjiAn^up pleccA nA mban 
)nA 6 bAjiArirup fl^ctA nA \^^]^, 50 c]t)C ah bef a ; T^u^ 
G)}i^TTi6n A]|t An n-cAcr; pjn r|tjii]t ])An r6]b .1. ben 
Bb]te]f], bjn BhuAjp, -] b^^n BhuA)5ne, ■) ^Abup CArluAn, 
fA AjtntsOjpj'C no)b, ben njoB no yejn. CiJ]Allu]n An pjn 
50 C]iu]r)Tir!iAf, •) no ^ab CAfluAn nop- ha cpjce ]')n, 
•] JTA he ccAnjij^ VtlbAn no Chjiiijcngcujb v, AniAjl Ig^r^j 
) SAltA]]'. ChA)]']!, pAn nuAjn nA)> Ab ropAc, << ^( eoiciv 
^IbAn ii]I<'," A5 po m^ A nc)|t a)]j an njoj-j : 
ClUijfnj-j, no ^AbpAn, yi rrajn, 
)A]t ttoif^cc A bO||!enibA)c; ; 

no ^Ab njob am ("jmjcjnclA))). 



These, in his power, th' Almighty gave 

To save from anguish sharp of wounds, 

And protect them from the poison'd darts 

Of these savage, fierce despoilers. 

Wisely instructed, such the skill, 

Of the great Cruihnean sage ; 

Three times fifty kine to milk, ' 

Off the plain into one pit. 

The battle then was fiercely fought, 

Near the pit with milk replete ; 

And tiie fight went brave against 

Banba's fierce Invaders. 
The Cruihneans then, namely, Gude and Cahluan his 
>son, determined to take the sovereignty of Leinster. Upon 
information of this, Eirevon assembles a numerous army 
and marches to meet them. When the Cruihneans per- 
ceived that they had not sufHcient force to encounter him, 
they made peace. Eirevon iuforms them of a country 
north east of Eirin, and desires them to settle there. 
They then requested of Eirev6n to give them some of the 
ladies who were marriageable, and widows of those chiefs 
who were killed in the expedition from Spain, according 
to Bede in the first book of the ecclesiastical History of 
Britain ; and they bound themselves by the ties of sun and 
moon, that the sovereignty of the Cruihnean country, now 
called Scotland, should be rather possessed in right of the 
female than die male descent, for ever. On this condition 
therefore, Eirevon gave them three women, namely, the 
wife of Bress, the wife of Buas, and the wife of Buaney. 
Cahluan, who was their principal leader, took one of these 
iiimself. They then departed for the Cruihnean countiy, 
where Cahluan seized the sovereignty, and was the first 
king of Alba, of the Cruihnean or Pictish race ; as we read 
thus in the Psalter of Cashel, in the poem beginning, 
*' Sages of Alba alii" 

Thereafter Cruihneans seized the clime, 
From Eirin's plains going thither i 
Six and thirty kings supreme, 
Of tbf "p. swayed the Cruihnean plain. 
VOL. I. E e Cahluan 


jneof Ao •ccojR go cumo]|j, 

All cuj^ cAlrriA CoTiprv\nr)n. 

^cr 6enA fAnup ^jtoj^tiATi, tjuoj^, *j 4n co]5e|» Cjiujfnec 
e)le luAjor^p [-ad Iaojo tuAp, j Ti-C)}t)n "oV)p CliAcluAjn, 
$0 jfU4]]^^io^ FS!**'"' ] "iS?*t^^"<*)& '^^)oe 6 Cjiteriion. 

>m cerpAnut) bljA^Ajn cca^ tj'ejj- bv^jp Gjbjji pi<»)P 
GjpeTiion bAf ] "-^]]>&P^l<o]f j RA]r; bc^Ajr, la)m pe 
Feo]]i, -] ]f An -00 hAt>nA)ce6 ^. SAn bljA^Ajn deonA r>o 
Vjn^ An aBujii r>A}t Ab Ajnm «n G^fne p* tjjt ) n-^o)b- 
NejII) •) to Vjng An <i,T>n)n "o'a nSo)}tf-^jt Fpc^o^Al ]:* 
tjj* ]r))p DaI n-a}tu]t)e -/ DaI RjAt)*. 

^ %. 2752. Do SABfAT) rjt) TTt)c ejji^mojn t)i ^j]* p)" 
I^jo^ACt; Gj)t(j^n ry»j bljA^n*, '^iujnine, Luj^ne, -j LA]5ne 
4 n-AnmAilA, •] oo Ba-o^ ] ccoriipUjfc^p 50 bAp ^hujmftc ) 
*>5u)5c}iuA6An ■] 5u)t m^^AQ Luj^ne ) LA]^ne le mAcuj.^ 
C]V)]\i ] CCAt ^(jtoAlAopon. 

2755. Do ^aBao^ ce)^pe mjc GjB]]t .1. Gujf, OjtbA, 
F(£liAn, ^ ^SP5"* I*Pa<*ct; Gjjt^n <on bljA^Ajn AmAjn; 
ju]i ri)^B JjijaI p4jt! )Ao ) ntjjo^A)! a 6a Bjiacaj*. 

2756. Do 5aB )j»)a1 pA)t>, TTiAC Gjjt^mojn, jjjoJAdc 
6]]i^n t>e)6 mbl)A5nA, ojjt nj jiA)Bc pljocc Ajft An tcpjuj* 
c^pBluiAj^ t)0 Bj Ajje DO but) p)nc jni (5 p6)n. Ci»jpjp pjn 
♦n TAn p<>]n)5 Jj^jaI pan jtjoJACc -j t50 ^a^ ojliBgpc 1 
AjipAicup ]ie A)p, t>o m^bAt) dejtite mjc 6jBjl» lejp m^ 
A tA e)i, OjtbA, FgjtAn, 'jF^iignA, j nojoJAl a t)A 6g|ib)iA^ 
no m^BAD IcopAn. Do jjejibjoo pe muj^e r^rtg a cojH j 
ri-ej}t]njjplA)fgp )pjA)l;A5 po pjopA n-«nmAm,^A5pej6£c 
J lM))tK; '^*<»b-Ne)l)u ) LA)5ii)b; %A5-comA]]i, ^AJ-pele 
3 n-^o)B-ne)ll; ^Ag-pAnujp ) cConA^cujB; ^Ag-n-jnjp 
J n-lllit#)B; %)A^-lu)n5e, •) ^Ag-mjoe j cCjAnA6tA)B; 
Wd^-ctir } n-'?fo]b-mAc-UA)p; ^ABPSI^^^^IB^ 1 n-Ojjt 
i;AlIujB; %A5-pofjn jp n* h)^tj)Aj5; ^AJ-cobA) j n-^o)b- 

S\0 ' »^ 

Cahluan was first king of these, 
And this I'll briefly tell, 
The last sov'reign of them was, 
Uedoubted hero, Constantine. 

However Throsdan the Druid, and the other five Cruili- 
neans named in the above poem, remained in Ireland 
after Cahluan, and obtained lands in the plain of Pra 
of Meath, from Eirevun. 

In the fourteenth year after the death of Eivir, Eirevon 
died at Argedr-ross, on the bank of the Nore, and there 
was buried. In the same year burst forth the rjvcr named 
Enney in Ee Neill, and the river called Freowle sprung 
from the earth, between Dalnary and Diilriada. 

A. M. 2752. Th^ three spns of Eirevon afterwards 
possessed the sovereignty of Ireland three years. Their 
names \yerc Moon e}'^, Looney, andLayney; they were in 
joint sovereignty till the death of Mooney at Moycrogban, 
and until Loony and Layney were slain in the battle of 

2755. Er, Orba, Farran and Fargna, the four sons 
of Eiver, held the sovereignt}' of Ireland but one year, 
and were slain by I rial the prophet, in revenge for the 
death of his twq brothers. 

2756, Trial the prophet, son of Eirevon, assumed the 
sovereignty of Ireland ten years; for his three elder 
brothers left no issue. Besides, when Trial came to the 
royalty, and assumed the government and power, he slew 
Er, Orba, Farran and Fargna, the three sons of Eiver, in 
vengeance for his two brothers slain by them. Sixteen 
plains w^re cleared of wood in the reign of Trial : these 
are their names, Moyreit in Leix, Moynelly in Leinster, 
IVIoycomer in Ee Neill, Moysanus in Conacht, Moyinish 
in Ulster, Moylung and Moymee, in Kinetty; Moytecht 
in Ee Mac Uaish ; Moyftirnvoy in Oriel ; Moyfohin in the 
western districts ; Moycowa in Jveagh ; Moycow in Ee 

Neill ; 


e,cdc ; %45-cuTndj 1 n-^o]B-ne]lI ; %A5-cu)le]:er)a ; 'i<iA^' 

Do rogujlj ))1)aI yftjo, itkvc ejjicmojn, y^cz ]\]c.-^]i'Ai<\ 1 
n-Cjiijn ) n-A A)m|'}lt yejn maji ari Ka)r-Cjnih.ot ) 
n-CdnM]!!, Rajc Cjio]cne ] "^"15)^)]", Rajf Bac<vU ) 
Laf^nu]B. Rajr Cojncetxv ) Sejuine, Rii]f ^<borA]5 ] 
^-^£BC''<l^>-*^> T^<»r Biijjiec ] Slecru)13, Rrtjf: Locajt:. ] 
n6lvii-C4]tn. ?in lil^rt^Ajn ri ejp ]-]n ro Vjnser'^ iu\ r]t) 
liAjbne t)'* n^o]|tfe]i nd r]tj Fjon* ]:* f))» j n-UlltAjB. 
?^n Bl]<»^,a]n ri e]p ]-)n 00 B)i)|- 3ji]<\l cer|i<v cdr<» ; <jn 
c^dt) Cdf; r>)oVi cdr ^^jioa jonrhdjc ] zZchz<\, m<| (Vjt tu]c 
Srjyine mac Du)B, wn raju caz, cut r^fiiTiuj^e rug 
]ji]a1 tj'p'jrii.jCdjB, A]r »} tujr; J1J5 FoTrid]tcu)B T'djt bVynm 
e)CTi;e e)c-cen. '?Ai r]i£]' cdf, cat- Locmuj^c ) n-.^ f ujr 
Lu^ytocrtidc ^o^yejhjj*, An cerjiAriiA© cAr, cac Cujle 
tn^rA, mj ^ Bjijp to cefjtA ttiacujB 6jbj}i. 

?(n TApA bl]Ai;A]n x>a ejy pjn puAj]^ Jj*]*! bAp j mujj 
%UA3t«e, •] t50 liAtmAjceri Afi e. 

^. "^y 2766. Do ^aB ejrjt]Al mAC IpjAjl jajx), Jijo^dcc 
Gjlieii fjce bljA^Ajn. Jp jie Vjn ad GjtjijAjl p] t50 benAO 
Y(^cz niACA))ie a cojU ) n-Gjjijn, m^ a ta, r^nrriAg ] 
cCoFJAcrujb ; mA5 Ljo^At -j mAg mBelii)^ ) n-<obrujitr|ie; 
Ti^S.^cjril'^ 1 ^^-^j^ F*}'5<^ ; """^B OccA)p J l_A]5Tijb; 
LocrfiA^ 3 cConacrujb ; mA5 Rac j n-«)jb Gacac; •] j^ 

le CoTim^l rriAC Gjbjjt ] ccdt Ra))iieri j LA)5Ti]b e. 

^. '-?<b. 2786. Do 5Ab Conm;ol mAC Gjbjjt HjogACc 
Gj](g^n r|t)0CAo bljAgAjn, 7 yA be ceAt))*) 5 'oo pjol G]Yi]\i 
6. Do b]t3p An Conm<ol po cojj cAtA yicjoo A)|t pljocr: 
Gj)f£ni6)n. Do fujr, Conmo)! le b-G)bjp, mAc rj^eftnriuijp 
X30 pjol Gj))gTf)6)n, J ccAr ^onAj^rhACA ') r»o h^onAjcgo 
oo'n ZioY) rep t>o '^^(onAcn)ACA t', pAn <l}r -d'a ngojjirgjt 
ye|ic Cl)onm«)jl a nrju^. 

^. ^(i. 2816- 


Neill ; Mo3culfy ; Moyready ; Moy-anry in Forth of Arv^ry 
in Lei lister. Irial built seven royal Forts, viz. the Fort of 
Kinibirh in Evan ; the Fort Rath Croicne in Moyinish, 
llath Bachall in Larne, Rath Conca in Sheivny, Rath 
Mohy in Deycarbad, Rath Bnry in Sleachta, and Rath 
JCocat in Glascarn. The year after, three rivers called the 
three Finns, burst forth in Ulster. The following year, 
frial fought four battles ; the first of those was the battle 
of Ardinvy, in Taft'a, where Stirny, sou of Duff", was 
slain. The second, the battle of Teannvoy, fought 
against the Fomorians, in which Eicty the Fomorian king 
was killed : the third was the battle of Lochmoy, where 
Luro, son of Mofebis was killed : the fourth was that of 
Cuil Martha, wherein were defeated the four sons of 

In two years after that, Irial died at Moy IMuay, and was 
buried there. 

A. M. 2766. Eirial, son of Irial the prophet, reigned 
twenty years. In his time, seven plains were cleared of 
wood in Ireland : liz. Teannvoy in Conacht ; Moy Liyat 
and Moy Bealy in Ee Turtry ; Moy Geishill in OfFaly; 
Moy Octar in Leinster; Loch Moy iii Conacht; IMoy 
Rath in Iveagh. After enjoying a reign of twenty years 
he was killed by Conmael, son of Eiver, at the batde 
of Reeren, in Leinster. 

2786. Conmwl, son of Eiver, ruled thirty years. He 
was the first king of the line of Eiver, and fought five 
and twenty battles against the race of Eirevon. He was^ 
Jiilled by Eiver, son of Tiyernvas, of the line of Eirevon, 
at the battle of yEnach-Macha ; and was buried on the 
southern side of iEnach-Macha, at a place now called the 
grave of Conmael. ' 

A. M. 2816. 


^'.%. 2816. Do5ABc]5e]tnri>(j]-, rriAC FolloniA^n, jtjoJA^c 
Gjjtrfi ca3^*'o mblja^na. Do b]ti|- rtn Tj jepnriuj- j-o y^tz 
CGAr* pjcg^r) <v))t fljoct e)Ti]]i. Do l))iijcr<ir^ noj Ioca y* 
rjjf )rTi-e)|»jn ) n-<i]mj-)}t t;h}5^)tnma]]-, m^ 4 ta, Ice Ce, 
-] *?tt45 Sulc4)]t itjiim art iiucajpe r^ 4 cri^n]^ an loc ; 
loc Ti-?(}lljne, J cConacrujB ; loc NjAjjin ; loc NuAjy? ; 
I06 S4)^l§n ; ') loc B<iEt4)]t, ) ^<ijoe ^ j mBp^?")^^ "> 1°^ 
Fglkjl, } TTjp eoi,>j]n, r<j Fli^Bdjl m*c Lo-pujin to Tini)t> 
4n. loc ]-jn, J %a5 Fu]n|')-6e 4)nm <vn mujje r<j a tra)f\)§ 
<in loc ; Dubloc ^jtr^a c^anacra ; '/ loc DaBujU ) n-Ojp- 
5j4ll«)b i T rji) mub d}bne CjPfen .1. Fubn<», CaIUd 1 

)pe An Cjj,2itnmAp ceon* puA]]* mjanad 6y^ 4t)p tcu)* 
) n-G))i)n, *] )ucat)an <J)nm ah c^jica ro bjo-o 45 bpujfn^'o 
on 6))t t?o, ] jforojirujb 0)}i£|t L)ye tso bjot) 45* bf^jtbat). 
)j- pe Tjfi C)5£pnmd)r jmojijio '00 cujjigt) cojtCAji ^ 50]im 
•J uajrne a))i CA-oac <ij]t rrui- 3 n-Gj^tjii. )p ]ie n-4 Tji^ 
Tfoy to cx\]]\^'b 5]ica|*<v ^ co|trA]]ie •) cumoojie <\]]i BjiatAjb 
«)j» ccuj- } n-G]}tjn. ]y e m^ <in ece'ona ©'ojtou)5 m^ 
nop ) n-Gj]*)u (oniPAc j n-eAt5Ac <in Ttwgu}^, t>4 t>Ar ) 
it-^4t><ic An 4fA]5, <v r|tj ] n-eATOAC <^n <imu)p, no <in 
«15rj5^]in<», <v cctAjyt j n-e"Ortc byiii^A^c, * cujj ) n-tACA^ 
yUjce ruAjre, a pe ] n-6At)AC ollAifjAn, ^ ] n-cAtJuj^jb 
Y')t 1 bAn].i^A]n. Jp e Ajt ] n-A ^fUA]]^ Cj^gjinTfiAp pejn 
bAp, Aji* rhoj5 Sl<^cr, -j tjij r^rjiAmnA t)' pc]iu)b Gjjt^fi 
m^ <on |t]p, oj^oce pAninA, -j jao aj aiojiao '00 Chiton^ 
cpuA)-b ]ij^)0"da1 Gjjt^n. 0]p jp e An Cj^gl^nTTiAp po t*o 
rjofipcujn joriAUrj^At) t)0 'oQ.nAm A)}t trup X50 Ch|toni 
cjmAjt), AiiiiAjl CO jtjne ZopoAptejt pAn 5pe}5, tjmc^ll 
ceAt) bl]A5A)n ]^ tr^ct j n-Cj]^)ri t)6)b, -j jp 6 nA pl^ctujb 
"^^ 5"F)r ni^^ir*!^! t5o'n ]ot)Al, l»A)'or-£yt %a5 Sl^cr jt),p 
An mACAjjie cci'dpa yV^ * ^* T^" mBjtejpne. 9( r)e))«)t> 
"opong J»e p^nciip 50 iia)T> Cjjte p^cc mbljA^nA ^ah 


A.M. 2816. Tiyernvas, son of Follavan, reigned fifty* 
years. He defeated the posterity of Eiver, in twenty seveti 
battles. In his time nine lakes burst forth in Ireland, viz. 
Loch-key, which overflowed the plain of Sulchar; Loch 
Nallinn, in Conacht; Loch Nairn; Loch-Noor; Loch- 
Saylen, and Loch Gavar, in Meath and Bra ; Loch-Foyle, 
in Tyrone ; this lake burst forth upon Feval, son of LoduD, 
and ihe plain over which it flowed, was called Moy-Funsey ; 
Duv-LcwJi of Ard-Cianaghta ; and Loch- DavuU in Oriel ; 
together with the three Black rivers of Ireland ; Fubna, 
Callan, and Torann. 

This Tiyernvas was the first who discovered Gold ore in 
Ireland ; and Inhayan was the name of the artist who first 
refined the gold for him, which was melted in the plains on 
the east of the Liffy, It was in the reign of Tiyernvas also, 
that cloths were first dyed purple, blue, and green in 
Ireland. In his time too, ornaments, fi-inge, and borders 
were first used on dress. It was he likewise who established 
in Ireland the custom of using one colour in a slave's 
garment, two in that of a soldier, three in the apparel of 
military oflicers, and young noblemen j four in that of a 
Brugha, or one who had lands from the crown for die 
maintenance of a table for strangers and travellers; fiv£» 
in that of lords of districts, and six in the dress of an Ollav 
or doctor, and in that of the king and queen. Tiyernvas 
and three fourths of the men of Ireland, died at Moy- 
Siecht, on the Eve of all Saints, in the actof worshippmg 
the Arch idol of Ireland, Crom-Cril. It was this prince 
who first introduced the worship of Crom-Cfu, as Zoroaster 
did in Greece about one hundred yeai"s after the arrival of 
the Milesians in Ireland ; and it is in consequence of the 
adoration of this Idol, by the men of Ireland, this plain 
in Breefney, is called Moy-Siecht. Some antiquaries say, 
that there was an interregnum of seven years in Ireland 


* OtUeri say sereatjr years. 


Pis ^iJM<e oYjj- bajj- Cj^ennriw]]', j ju]! ab e 60^*^ 
piob^5lA]', rriAc Conm«)jl tjo i,AV) pjojacc ejftcn o'a ejp. 

Ab e Gocrto eA'o5ot(tc, t50 f'ljocc Lu5(ijo mi\c )rc r»o 

?/. %. 28GG. Do ^4B eoca]'6 eats^ofrtc, mrtc D^jjie, 
jijoJACT: ej)ign cgrpa bJjA^riA, ^u]i tu)z le Cepmnrt, 
rriitc GjBj>]c. 

2870. Do 54IJ Cgpmiu •) SoBa]|tce, •d.\ tfiAc OjBjijc, 
tTi]c GjBjiJ, jijogAcr Cjjien ccr)i,\^,a-D Mja^a^n, -j y* hjao 
ceAcjtj^rc G)}i^n ri' llIltAjr) ]Ar», -j x>o ito]ri^r<4 6j]))n £~o)ipA» 
dniAjl 4 fubpam^^ fudj-. Do rujr Sobcijiice le liGocrto 
^<it^fi, mAc ]<)5 Forhajitc; ro fujt Cel^mnA le hGocajt) 
ycob^^laj-, ] ccAr t)un Ce|tmn4. 

2910. Do 5^13 GocAjri Fcor),}5K>j', mvvc Conmcojl, 
Itjogdct; Gjn^n yjce blja^Ajn. )j- ujme 'oo gojftfj Gocv^w 
Fcob^sUj" ibe, 6]ii pa gUr se<i|ti:a)bii4c 4 t>A fiej^, -j ]p 
e tDO cujp n* cdfa po ]t6mu)n ajjt fjol Cjjtf^niojn .1. ('<vt 
Ludcjttvt) D£5ii)'o ) nDi^prhumAjn ; cat Fop\]5 •Da-5oji.r: ; 
CAc Chumap na rr)4j n-ujpce ; can CuAmA--oj»g5ajn, ) 
mBjicjyne •] cac Ojjom,^ LjAfAjn. Do yte)6]ot> peer. 
mu]5e A cojU) n-G)]i)ri lefj-, m^ 4 rS, "^Oa^ SiTK^rpAe, 
] n-iOjl) FA)l5e ; "^a^ LAj^ne t'^'^ac; Lujus, j cConAcrujb; 
%A^ lemnA. *%)i5 Njotiajji, '^iiig FuboA, -) 'A^a^ r^» 
^AbA)l ] n-0))i5jAllAjb ; *] 00 fiij* An c-GocAtj ]-j 1a 
FjACAt) LAbnii)ne, i ccat Cli^niAn. 

2930. Do 5Ab FjACi-n LAbj^ajTie, mAc Sm)o|t5,ii^lI, 
fijoJAcrr GjjK^ii cefp* bljarnA yrjrgr^, no j-^cc mbljA^iiA 
4]}i rpjocAf, t)o )u')|t •ofiojn^e ejle l»e pi^ncup. )f ) n-A 
iplA)f(^y 00 V)n5(^r,j nA rj»j liAjbnc yo [-jo)' pA rjp .1. Inbc^ji 
Flejfce, Inb^jt ^^ap^e, ) Jnb^]* LAbjmjfie 6 jiAi'brelt 
F]4CAri LAbftiljne jt)f. )]• |ie n-A Vjn pop 100 bpi'irr, 
loc Gjpne pA fjji, '| '^^^*& Bphajm A)nni An nucAjjte r^ a 
rrAjn]c An loc. Ip e mAC An FhjACAtspA .1. ^otigup 



after the death of Tiyei'nvas, and that it was Eohy Fievarglas, 
son of Conmael, who assumed the sovereignty after him, 
nevertheless this is not true^ for the Regal Roll says that 
it was Eohy Edgohaj of the race of Looee, sou of Ih, 
who assumed it. 

A. M. 2866. Eohy Edgoha, son of Darry, reigned four 
years, and was killed by Carmna, son of Evric. 

2870. Carmna and Sovarky rul^d forty years, and were 
the first of the Ultonians who reigned in Ireland; they 
divided the kingdom between theni, as we have already* 
observed. Sovarky was slain by Eohy Mann, son of the 
king of the Fomorians ; and Carmna by Eohy Faivarglas, 
in the battle of Dun Carmna. 

2910. Eohy Ficvarglas, son of Conmael, held the sove- 
reignty of Ireland twenty years. He was called Eohy 
Faevargias, because the two javelins which lie used were 
blue and sharp-edged. He engaged the posterity of 
Eirevon in the following battles, namely, the battle of 
Luahar Daee in Desmond; the battle of Fosy*da-gort ; 
the battle at the Meeting of the three waters ; the battle 
of Tuam-Dregan in Breifney; and the battle of Droni- 
Liathain. The following seven plains were cleared of wood 
by him ; Moy-Smeraghin Offaly, Moy-Layney, and Moy- 
Lorg in Conacht, Moy-Levna, Moy-Ninar, Moy-Fuvna, 
and Moy-da-gaval in Oriel. He was slain by Fiah3'-»Lavrinny 
in the battle of Carman. 

2930. Fiahy-Lavrinny,t son of Smirgoll, governed the 
kingdom twenty-fouryears, or, according to oth'er historians, 
thirty-six. These three rivers sprang forth during his govern- 
ment, the Fleisg, Maing, and Larne, from which he is 
called Fiahy-Lavrinny. Loch Erne also burst forth in his 
time, and the plain over which it flowed, was called Moy- 
Gannan. >Engus OUvuagh, son to this prince, defeated 

VOL. I. F f in 

* See page 1155. 
•f Or Fkcha, or Fccaliy I^viinny, or;»y. 


iia f^nBh;ijotA|n)b co B) ) n-^lb.\)n, ') )i" e on r-^on^iip 
j-A oo ciijp ^Ib* jra I'TTiACr ncv nh^'oal <\]]\ zrxnf ; F^ cen 
50 ]i(t)15 c)oj-ca)n 05 Fco]felii)b o]ip<» 6 Apipjt C)}ienic)ii, 
)fi)c 'A>jleo. Lu<»)}i]Tn ra cecvr -] cco5<vt> bl].\5A)n ■c'e^y 
tTiAca ^jl^o ro recr 3 n-ejjtjn ro cn]]ie-c ^11;a y* ]-r>n»cr: 
7 yi c)of na noujral, le ^^ong,up 01lV«irt-6<vc. )f e *n 
FjACvtrj-a ru5 cejrjte cafa <v)]i j-)oi 6)bj|t .1. car F«]1^5t' ; 
CAz 5a1;i;]o; car SlejBt' Fejtngn, *) car Sle)be Beal^atjajn, 
m^ ^ tn3c pe yejn le hGocat? ^siuriio. 

?(. ^'i. 2954, Do gab Gocao "^(.iumo, mac ^Csoyejbjp, 
l^jogacr Gjp^n bl3a5a)n ajjt fjcjr*, -^n]^ rujr le b^on^uj- 
OllmucAjo ) ccar Cljac. 

2975. Do ^ab ^oriQiij- Olbbucajo, mac Fjacar* Labjiujne, 
Jtjojacr Gj}»en ocr mblja^na t>ua5, "| t50 jiejii riiojn^e 
e)le bljAcajn ^ y)ce. Ip u)me 50)jtfg]t ^(ongup oUrhuc4)t» 
"oe, 6^0 fpocalpa, oil .1. moji, *] muca ; "oo bpj^ ^ujt ob 
«j5e tjo bac^ na mvica pa mo ) n-Cj]i)n j n-<v jte, -j jp lejp 
^o cuji^go HA cara po pjop, m^ a ta, c^t Clejjte, C4t 
Shlejbe Ca)15c, m^ "j^")^ Bajpcjofi, car ^^huj^e Cppcjat 
] cConadrajb, -] car blAjp) l^yuocAjn, m<j <) tiijt Fjicncan 
Fajt) ; -) ca)5Ar) car aj|t Chpujrnecuib ^ ajji Fh^jiujb bolg, 
*] luct Opc^-o^p. rorha)6m i]i] loc ] n-a jrlajr^p : Loc 
ejnbejte ) n-0)|i^)allu)b, Loc Sajlc^r^ajn, -j Loc nBapan 
3 %U3^ LU3P5. )p 3 p-a pa3f£p ro YC^]in}p na mo35e po 
pjop a ^0311, m^a ta, ^<ba5 jl3ne r^pccon 3 cC3nel cConu3l], 
*^vt>a5 n-'^o}np5]A6 3 Laj^njb, ^^az^ 6ujle C4ol 3 n)Bo5a3nc, 
^olrijag 3 cCftlljtu36e, '-Ai^S mucj^ojnie 3 cCor\acra3b, 
%a5 luaifiA 1325036, I'^AS ^jtcu3ll 3 cC3apu3xSe luacjta. 
^^S*r3 ccar Sle3be Cua t50 m^bar ^^ongnp 011maca3ib f63n 
le liGfia mac Ni^ctajn t»o '^Ol4U3tTme^CAib ; *] 4 t»e3|i3t3 01130 
00 ria p£n(at5a3b ^uj* ab e Gm <t)P5'£c 00 Tf)^b 6 3 ccat 
e-mail, T 3p 3 An c<iAt;pu3t> tx'^^t^nac 3r pjlH^JBe loo p6]\i 
PA t)UA3ne "Psj «)) ropA^, "V.'on^up Olltfiiu-a)© ar bat," 
<»5^p }"r ^Jb '^^ l'<'jni P305pu35e kjp an cccanpaci c^rna. 

V(. %. 2993. 


in many battles, the Picts and ancient Britons who had 
settled in Alba. It wab he who first brought Alba under 
the dominion of" the Gadelians, although since the days 
of Eirevon, they had been tributary to them, ^ngus 
brought Alba under the power of, and tributary to the 
Gatlelians, about two hundred and fifty years after their 
arrival in Ireland. This Fiacha defeated the descendants 
of Eiver in four battles, viz. the battles of Fargy, Gaily, 
Mount Femen, and the battle of Mount B.algadin, whjere 
he was killed by Eohy-Muvp. 

A. M. 2954. Eohy^-Muvo, son of Mofevis, held the 
sovereignty for 21 years, and vvas slain at the battlp of 
Cliagh, by iEngus-Ollvuca. 

2975. j^ngus OUvuca, son of Fiah3'-Lavrinny, held the 
sovereignty of Ireland eighteen years, others say twenty- 
one. He is called Ollvuca from oil, great, and muc*, 
pigs, because he possessed the largest swine, in his time, 
in Ireland. By him the following battles were fought, 
the battle of Clery, the battle of Sliev Calgy, where Baskin 
was slain, the battle of Moy-Ensky, in Conacht, and the 
battle of Glass Fia^han, where Frahan the prophet was 
killed; and one hundred battles agamst the Picts, Bologues, 
and tlie inhabitants of the Qrcades. Three lakes burst 
fiarth in his reign, namely. Loch Enveihe in Oriel, Loch- 
Salcadan, and Loch-Gasan in Mqy-Lurg, In his days the 
following plains were cleared of wood, viz. the plain of 
Glin-Dercon, in Kineal Connell, Mo3"-.^nsky in Leinstcr, 
Moy-Cool-Csel in Bogany, iEl-Moy in Callry, Macroom 
in Conacht, Moy-Luaghra-Dea, and Mo3'-Arcul in Kerry, 
This prince fell in the battle of Sliev Coo, by Enna, son 
of Neaghtan, a Momonian. Some historians say he \\as 
siain by Enna-Argha in the battle of Carman 5 this opinio4i 
is the most correct, according to the poem beginning, 
"i^ngus Ollvuca died, &c." and the Regal I^oU also airrcs- 
ponds witli it. 

A. M. 299^> r\ 


9(. %. 2993. "Oo ^Ab en* ^Jl<b^ec rriAC Goc^t) ^<.>unio, 
Jtjo^ACC '6)jtefi j'ecr mbljagiiA yicetj, ■) ]\' e co jijne fcejt 

"o'pg]uijB 6j]ten ]rt-o. Do tujc j-e ] ccac lUj^nc le 
Rofecrttc m<\c 9si;o)n. 

3020. Do 54I5 Rofecirtc mac SJtisOjn, co yjol G]|t^m6)n, 
jijo^rtcr (^j]i|^vi cu)5 l)l)<v6n* yjcj'p, guj^ rujt I'e le Senn* 
TTiiJc vij}ir]i) ] jt^jf Cli)»U(»c<i]n. 

3045. Do gvvT) 8er>nA mac ^Jlttjij, ytpjacr Gjji^n cu]^ 
Fjl)a5na, 51111 niv|15at> le n-A Tfi»;c pc'jn e, <v]|» treir 6'n 
cuBIojvi^e;' ^o Cpuacajn. 

3050. Do 5^15 l-'jaca-p y)on]'Cofac, mac Senna, jtjo^afer 
C]|ieviy]cc bijAoa]?!. Ipijme •00 5oi]trj Fjacan yjoni'cocac 
■ce .1. 1'cora yjona -oo B]ot> \te ii-a Vjn ] n-Gjitjil, 50 jfaji-Cjoe 
1 Ccopnu]B jar), •] no m^Tjat) an Fjacan j-o le "^iiujnemon 
mac Cajp clocuj^. 

3070. Do 5al) '4siu]neTrion, mac Ca)]' clocu]^, no fjoj 
CjBjji, jijo^acc G)}ien cu)^ Llja^na ; ') ]y e an %'bujnemon 
fo no o]inu)5 mu)nce, no flaljfian 6]]i a]]i ztuy ya 
Bjia5rt]n na n-iuvj-al ) n-C)]t]n, -j no ea^ j-e no iam j ^ojg 

3075, Do 5aB ^illn^ji^ojn mac ^Mjjn^mojfi, no fpl 
e]lj)|t jijo^ac* Gjiig^ii i-cc- mblja^na. J)- ]»e n-a Vjn no 
cu)l>en yajnona 6]]i a]]t ^Ucajb na n-iiai'v\i ^ rri'ij- j 
n-Gjjtjii ; ^ no m^Ban le liOllan^ Fonla e ] ccac Cemitac. 

3082. Do ^ab OUain Fonla, m<ic Fjacan yjonpcora]^, 
ji'jo^acT: Gj]i^ri r]iic6an blja^ajn, ]f ujme 50)jirei> Ollam 
Fonla ne, no Bjtjj ^o ]^'»)^> n-<» oIlarM } n-^^na^ ) n-eoluy 
]te ]i^cru^1j, -^ j»e nlJ5T:)b n'opnii^an ) n-GjjijH ] n-a jie, 
p ) Ipla]l^ bar j n-a r)5 y^jn. If Icji- no fijn^n yeij- rrm}taA 
rtjii rru]' ] n-Gjjip. 

lonau )nK)i»]ta Fcjy r^nijiac j lijo^najl co^rqon ania)l 

ph<jl)amcnr, it^| a crj^^n conifjnol uapl ■/ ollaman Gjiion 

^oTt^ma)}! f;ai-.a t]ici' bijajajn 11m Sliarnujn, nnj a ccl^cao) 

y JtiO yecra "j nlj5-e n'atniianu5an, ^] n'ojinu^an, ^ yjioihan 



A. M. 2993. Enna-Aigha, son of Eohy-Milvfl, reigned 
twenty-seven years, he was the first who made silver shields 
In Argedross, and bestowed them on the men of Ireland, 
He was slain in the battle of llainey, by Rohachta, son 
of Mayne. 

3020, Rohachta, son of Mayne, of the race of Eirevon, 
governed the kingdom twenty-five years, and was killed 
at Ratli-Croghan, by Sedna, son of Artry. 

3045. Shedna or Shena, son of Artrj', reigned five years, 
and was slain by his own son, on his return from the fleet 
to Croaghan. 

3050. Fiaha-Finscoha, son of Shena, sat upon the throne 
of Ireland twenty years; he was called Finscoha from a 
shower of grapes that fell in his reign in Ireland, which 
the people squeezed into cups. He was killed by Muine- 
von, his successor. 

3070. Muinevon, son of Cas-Clohy, of the line of Eiver, 
held the sovereignty of Ireland five years. This prince was 
the first who ordered collars or chains of gold to be worn 
on the neck by the nobility of Ireland. He died of the 
plague at Moy^Aiyny. 

3075. Aldergoad, son of Muinevon, of the line of Eiver, 
was monarch of Ireland seven years; in his reign gold rings 
were first worn on the fingers of the nobility. He was 
plain at the battle of Tara, by Ollav Fola. 

3082. Ollav-Fola, son of Fiahy Finscoha, reigned thirty 
years ; he was called Ollav-Fola, i. e. Doctor of Ireland, 
from his consunnnate wisdom and knowledge in the acts 
and laws ordained by him during his reign. He died in 
his own palace. It was by this prince the Fen: or convention 
of Tara was instituted. 

This convention of Tara was like a royal assembly or 
parliament, where the nobles and learned of Ireland met 
every third year, about the feast of Saman or All Saints, 
to renew and establish acts and laws, and examine and 



c» rcAnam Ajj* 4mlu)B ■] *)}♦ j-^ncup Gj^ien. )j- ah |:6f 
tK) h6jitMi]5C"6 joTKvo pujoe 'DO ^ac cgn feoiKv •o*mbjori 
Of c^n PA L<:oc|iii)t)e 'oo V>)oi> ajf^ buAviArr aj ]»]"5<^]^> 1 
*5 r')^ejtmi]l) Cjiteri. Do Wp-b yoy t>o tiop ) ure))- rerii]iAC, 
5jbe tio xjeAHAO e)C,£n, no ^ojt), •oo lJUA)l^r> ti^c no ts'jmp^o 
^m A]]t, bAp "OO TAbAjJic t>o, -J w;An n^|»c aj an )iJ5 pejn, 
jnA A5 <on cjle mAjfni^CAp ro rAbajitr pAn ^njom p)n 
•oo. l)o clecr^o) yop Ico be]r Ajp ye^b p6 1a aj com61 ]-ul 
■po pu}rier) An ItJS'o^)!, m^ a ta, r](j Ia }io)m .SliArriup, •) 
rjt) 1a r»'A h(.')p] a^ pnA-omAo pjofcAnA -] Ag cen^Al fA)|irep4 
]ie 6e)le. bonA a^ T'^lf"^)!' '^* "^T ^^ ^P^ ) Wejp Cj^riijiAi 
d tA eocA)D Ua Flojn pAP Icojt) p£ncupA po pjop : 

Fejp reni]iAC ^ac T]\e<x]- bljA^Ajn 

■CO coniAJl Jtgcr ip fJA^a)! 

t>o snjfj Afi p)n ^o refi 

<»5 lijo^AjV) Ani]iA G]]i%p. 
Do jij^Tie Cat-^ojh cl^rhnAC 

rejp |ioc.;()Tfi nA j»)5-rheAm}tAC 

rAP^A^o^ le]p, peiitre t)e, 

Tl)^ ^lyS'^ S^ ho^nbAile. 
Tft) Ia it)rt Shi»u)U)n to ^yit'Ap 

rpj Ia p -a tjaj^ pA 'oejjBeAp 

t)o'p rpltiAg, )to buri rjomolJ tjO)^ 

A5 pjopol |t]p An p^rrriiO)n. 
■F«An ^ojr, IP ^<xn ^n^n ■oupe, 

ACA A n-u))»20 pjn u)le, 

^AP )nn]|tr A])im, v;An aIao, 

^AP gr.yiA'OA t5')Om)1A'PA. 

B)be •oo ^p')r5 nj'6 tjoI) pin 

yA bp'obAO rfto^ 50 rr]iom'i)m, 

P] ^gbrA Ojt ] ^Afi UA]'6 

ACT A Anam )te boiniiA]!*. 
^. ^■b. 3112. Do ^aI) FjopAcrA, ni*c OlJAniAn FIioo.'a, 
I^jo^ACc Ciytc^M cujs bl)A5PA* tJCAB- Jp ii)me 5oi]K§lt 
FjopAcrA •oe .1. pjnpneAcrA, .1. pn^ccA pjoPA •oo fai«<vt) 
} p-A plA]fpp; ■) yuAjyt p6 bAp ] ^'iuj^jnip. 

^. %i. 3127. 

* In some copies « ttuentj years." 


correct the annals and antiquities of the kingdom. Uere 
a seat was also assigned unto each of the generals who 
commanded the armies in the service of the monarch, or 
lords of Ireland. It was also a law in this convention, that 
whosoever committed a rape or robbery, or assaulted or 
struck any one, should suffer death, nor had everi the 
king, or any other, the power of pardoning the crime. 
The members usually spent six days previous to the situng 
of the convention, that is three days before the feast of 
SamanorSavvin, and three days after, in festivity together, 
confirming peace and friendship with each other. Of the 
order of this convention of Tara, Eohy O'Fhnn gives au 
account in the following historical poem : 

A parliament at Tara each third year, 

to form laws and salutary rules, 

in those days was constantly convened 

by Eirin's great illustrious kings. 
The noble monarch summoned 

the famed Feis of royal Tara, 

with him came from every side, 

Eirin's sons, a glorious train. 
Three days before dread Sawin's eve, 

and three days after, a custom gtjod, 

this noble host together sat, i - 

and spent the festive ^veek. 
Here theft and murder found no place 

amongst this famed assembly, 

nor fights nor feuds, nor treach'rous wile, 

nor bribery, nor corruption. 
Whoe'er in crimes like these indulged, 

was deem'd a dangerous guilty wretch, 

no gold his pardon e'er procured, 

his life paid instant forfeit. 

A. M. 3112. Feenaghta, son of Ollav Fola, held the 
government fifteen years ; he was called Feenaghta, because 
there fell in his reign snow, which, on thawing, proved to 
be wine ; h6 died at Moy-inis. 

A. M. 3127. 


^. %. 3127. Do 54B SUnoU m4c OlUmAn F6t)lA, ]\]o-^ar 
Gjpi^fi CU35 Blja^n* ocAg. )j- ujme 50))ife]t SUnoU i>6f 
pnAii oil -jmoi* .1. j-Ujnce ifi6)» t>o bj 45 546 a)n o'pgiiujB 
Gjjtgn J n-4 yU)t]OY- If 3 crj^ %hjot)Cu<jr4 t)o fua]{* 
rebif; -] a "cejjijt) djtong e)le nAc jref c>i 5AL4 jtu^; t*. 

3143. Do grtB 5e]t>e OIlgorAc, mAc OlKvTfiAn FooU, 
t>o ]'l)occ )}♦, tfi)c ^jlet), ]i)o-^^cz Gjpen ^eACC mbljA^PA 
iDCA^. Jf u)nie bOjjirei* bejoe OIl^orAC t)e .1. pA ni6]t 
^ur ^AC <on ciujne j n-Gjjtjn j n-A pUjccA]-. Jf le FjACAr>, 
TTiAc FjonAccA, 'oo ni<}BA6 e. 

3160. Do 5aB F]ACAt5, mAc FjonAcrvt, "oo |ljocr; J|i, 
Jijo^ACC Gjyten cejcjie bl)A5A)n a]]^ T")^)^> b"l* ^'^F ^^ 

3184. Do 5aB B^pn^Al, ttiac Bt'-joe Oll^vifuj^, t^o ]-l)oct 
)}i, jtjo^Acc Gjjien -oa liljAgAjn xsca^, ^u]i tujr le liOjljoli. 

3 1 96. Do 5Ab Oj! joll, TTIAC Si Anu]ll, •00 j-ljocc J jt, ji jo^rtc c 
GjjieAfi ]'e bl)A j,nA ncAg, ^ujt t\\]r, le SjojtnA. 

3212. Do ^Ab SjOjiriA ^^^aIac, itiac Di'jn, t>o j-jol 
GjjigTTiojTi, jtjogAcc Gj}<(^n bljA^Ajn a]]i ticjio, AriiA}! A "Dejyi 
An ygncAjtb j-ah 'ouAjn t^ Ab roj-Ac. "C)pe a}it?, ]n)f tia 
}tjo5," 'ic. If ii)me bO]]ife}i SjojtriA f^o^AlAc r^e, Ajjt jat? 
TiA lie yuA]}t r^ A Vucc coiriAjmfjjje, 5UJ1 r.ujcle RorecrAc 
mAc RoAjn j n-^jlljn. 

3233. Do ^Ab llofgccAC ttiac RoA]n, tjo fjol G)b]|«, 
jijogAct GjjieH feet mbljA^riA, gu}* Vojfc rejnc s^^Iajh j 
n-oun SobA)]>ce e. 

3240. Do ^aB Cjl]Tr», ttiac Rof^cru]^, jijoJAct Gj]i£n 

con bljA^Ap ATTlAjr, ^\i]\ tu]T, Ic bJAllcAjr). 

324J. Oo 5aB B]AllcA]a mAc 0]1)o11a Olc^ojn, t)o fjol 
G))i^Tfi6p jtjo^Acc Gjpen noj mbljA^nA 511)1 rujc ) ><.iA]i, 
^A^UAjwe le b'^(jtt jml^c. 

32.50. Do ^Ab '^nz Jml^c, mAC Gjljm, tio jjol Cjb]|» 
jtjo^Act Gjyi^n tsA bl)«5Ajn aj]i fjcj'o? Bi'l* ^ujt le Nuao- 
A]t Fjon Fa)I. 

3272. Do 


A. M. 3127. Slanoll, son of OUav Fola, assumed the 
50ver«ignty of Ireland, fifteen years. He is called Slanoll 
from rl*n, health and oil, great ; the people possessing in 
his reign the most perfect health. He died in the palace 
of Meecuarta;* some say that the disease of which he 
died was never known. 

3143. Gciya Ollgoha, son of Ollav Fola, of the line of 
Iv, son of Mila, reigned seventeen years. He is supposed 
to have heen called Ollgoha, because the people of Ireland 
had loud voices in his rcigu. He was slain by Fiacha, son 
of Feeuaglita. 

3 1 60. Fiacha, son of Feenaghta, of the line of Ir, reigned 
twenty-four years, t and was slain by Berngal. 

3184. Berngal^ son of Geiya Ollgoha, of the line of Ir, 
reigned twelve years. He was killed by Olioll. 

3196, Olioll, son of Slanoll, of the line of Ir, governed 
the kingdom sixteen years. He was killed by Sheei'na. 

3212. Sheerna the Lotiglived, son of Dein, of riie race 
• of Eirevon, was sovereign of Ireland twenty-one years, as 
the antiquarian asserts in the poem beginning, " Noble 
Eirin, isle of kings,'' &c. 

He is called Sheerna the Longlived or aged, in conse- 
quence of the length of time he lived, beyond all his 
cotemporaries. He fell in Allin, by Rohachta, son of 

3233. Rohachta, son of Roan, reigned seven years. He 
perished by lightning at Diln-Sovarky. 

3240. Flim, son of Rohachta, reigned but one year, 
and was killed by Gialcha. 

3241. Gialcha, son of Olioll Olkeen, of the line of 
Eirevon, held the sovereignty of Ireland nine years. He 
wa* slain at Moy-Mua, by Art Imle}-. 

3250. Art Imley, son of Elim, reigned over Ireland 
twenty-two years, and was slain by Nooa Finn-Fail. 

VOL. J. Gg A. M. 3273. 

* At Tara. 
•j' Some copies hare (%:er.r^) others thirty. 


3272, Do 5<»^ ^uAt)A Fjonpa}!, nuc ^]allIc4^A, ftje^Acc 
^Jl*£n rsr^*'o bljA^Ajn, no ro ]t6]]\ t»i»o]i-ij;e ejlr, y]te 
bl)*54]n, ^iip rujr Ic Bpejyjijr;, nuc ^(]]i~ Imlj^. 

3292. Do 5<t]j Bjie)i-}»]5, ni<\c ?i)}ir jmljj, pjo^Acr C)]i(^ri 
rco) mblj<v5n<», -j to Ijftjp joniAti c»vt <»j]t Hionirtitcujri f}t)r 
«n Jit j-jn, -j CO i\i]z pcjn j.\i •cejjtet) le hGocrti wpfflc, j 
cCitjin ChoTilu<i]n. 

3301. Do 5ab Cocv^r A|;r<vc, mac Fjn, iijo^Acr Cjjion 
<:on bljA^Ajn Atfiv^jn. )p ujine bO}|'te)i GocAtt Apc*c tje, Ajjt 
A Ijrtcr TO ^ejboo Ijrtp j n-Cj]t)n ]tc n-A Tjfi. Do V)nj;e6 
jmojtJtA -rtrii no 5^!^ ^rtc* nijoj-A A)J^ veini)b Gjjiefi, ie 
m^bcto) jonriAo ©job ; 5onA ujme ]']n t)o V^n Gocat AprAC, 
ie; jonAii ceAnnA Apfac *] m^bcAt; ; 5iil» fiqr ye Ic Kjoii, 
rriAc BjiAcA. 

3302. Do ^I'.b FfnT), ttiac Bjiata, jjjo^acc Gjfii^r) y)ce 
bljA^Ajn, gujt rujt; le SerriA ]on<ju]t) ) "tiuifiAjn, 

3322. Do ^ivb ScrnA Jonviujo, niAc Bjtejyjijz;, ]tjo^Act 
Gjji^ti p)ce bl]A5A)n. ]f ujme tio)]Jre)i SccnA ]on<jn-)'6 tse, 
jODAfi ce-oTiA jofj^u]© -j ruijAj-oAl, 13)- i'(-")non coA-n jtj^ to 
ru5 tu^AyTAlT'Ainra]b ^]]^ rruy j n-G)]t)n; -j yii Te)l»eT -co 
]tJA5AT A bo]U 6 ctjlo, le Sjmcun B]iecj 50 }fUA]}t biy 
iftn'ilujs yjn. 

3342. Do 5Ab 8)meor» bjigc, ttiac ^Cotajp 5hlA)y, jtjo^Acc 
G)Jten ye bljA^nA. 511)1 fujr le DuAcpjon j nrjoJAjl a 
AiA]i, -j A ti)i>j;AT TO jiine. 

3348. Do ^Ab DuA^ p)ori, mAc SeTnA }on^ii)T, }*jo5Acr 
Gj)ien cu)5 bljA^riA, z^\\]i riqc le %u]iieTAc Bo1k]iac. 

3353. Do ^Ab'-A^ujp^TAc Bol^jtAc, niAC Sjn.cop Bhftejc, 
JijOgAcr G)]ien ce")f}>e bljA^nA, ^\.\]\ ru]t le liGfiA re]i5. 

3357. Do t,.\Y) CTh\ T9,]»w;, mAc DuAcy]n, jtjo^Aic GjjieAH 
TA bljA^Ajn TCA^;. }y u]Tne to bf>])itj Cha Te];^ 6e .1. tpJ»5 
A o]nec .1. T^ii^ A B"^')r- 'r 1*^ ^"'^ ^1^' ^^ buA]I^T A]p5gT 
A}jt rcuy ) n->Vi]^j;i^Tiio]y ] n-Gjj»)fi, -j yuA]]> y6 bAy to 
iA'ih *]]» SIi1]a1j %;i-, ^o yo^jiujTe m6]jt m^ <oh ]t]y. 

^. '^\ 3369. 


A. M. 3272. NooH Finn-Fail, son of Gialclm, governed 
Ireland seventy years ; but according to other antliors only 
twenty. He was sUiin by Bresry, son of Art Iinley. 

3292. Bresry, son of Art Imley, was monarch of Ireland 
nine years. He defeated the Fomorians in many battles 
during that time. He was killed at length by Kohy Apach 
at Carn-Conlon. 

3301. Eohy Apach, son of Finn, reigned one jear. He 
was called Apach, in consequence of the great number of 
people tliat died in his time in Ireland. Every month during 
his reign, the people were visited by a plague which carried 
away numbers of them ; hence he was called Eohy Apach, 
ApfAc signifying mortal. He fell by Finn, son of Braha. 

3302. Finn, son of Braha, reigned twenty years,* and 
;was slain by Shena Innary, in Munster. 

3322. Shena Innar}*, son of Bresry, reigned twenty 
years. He was called Innarj-, from being the first king ,vho 
gave pay to soldiers in Ireland.. He was put to deatii at 
length by Simeon Brae, who caused hiin to be torn limb 
iVcm limb. 

3342. Simeon Brae, son of ..^yan Glas, ruled die king- 
dom six years, and was killed by Duach Fiini, who, to 
revenge the death of his father, caused him also to be torn 
to pieces. 

3318. Duach Finn, soa of Sheira Innarj?, ruled five 
years. He was slain by Murrough Bolgra. 

3353. Murrough Bolgra, son of Simeon Brae, was 
monarch of Ireland four years, and fell by Enn a Darg. 

3357. Enna Darg, son of Duach Finn, sat upon the 
throne twelve years. From his rc^y complexion he was 
culled Darg. In his reign, money was first coined at 
Argedross. He and a great number of people, died by 
tire plague at Sliev-Mish. 

A.M. 3369. 
* Otters S3y t/n'rtj^ 


v^. '3^y 3369. Do ^<\Y> Lu^rtjo I^rofi, indc Gna t>cj)t5, 
tJO j-jol G)b))i, i^jo^acu Cjjien ^M0] mbljA^n*. )p u}nie 
50)]tfg)t LugAjo 3^ron fe, joncvfi ),j-ibun -j-ouboon, ^otia r]t6 
■jrolc iDutt^on t5o Bejf <i]]i, li4]n)5 Lu^ajrs ]^t>o\\ -D'j:o]U]iiTn 
dj)», 5ii]t ni^ljdo le SjojtUih j jvajr Clorajjt r. 

3378. Do ^aU SjojtlAm iriAC FjU, •co j-ljocc Iji, jijo^Acc 

JOnAU ]•)()]♦ -J JTA-PA .1. UlUA pATA X>0 Vj) A]5f, 6j]1 tJO ]-0]Ct>]]' 

A loii Va))f) All ralAiii, -j 6 n-A feprtih ; ] ]f le CoftAO 
UAjjicef DO m^lkri 6. 

339I-. Do 5^15 Gocdt) lli\]]icef, mac Luj^'occ JAjioojn, 
|tjo5Aic Gjji^n "OA BljA^Ajn tcA^. If ujme "oo ti*^]l*^) 
€ocAr> Dv^jiu'^f x^e, ccfA ^iiaju tJO Ijjoio li-A I'ojnsjoj-, 
jonAM ]nioji]n\ cepv ■] nsOnio^A no oo^r.^)]. ^g*]' t»o tj^js 
50 jiAjlje ]'t)f]on t5A BIjA^Ajn a)Ji mujjt 'je A]]t tjeojiujr^cc 
A hGj)t)n, ]i* aitiIajd x>o ^njotj, pnjpen 'o'a Tfiujnrjjt X)0 
cu]i )p n* C£fU)B j-jn, co cjiecAo ]m)l c;aca c]ijce r^ a 

T15AbAt', •] riA lieAtiAlA DO TAljAJltC le)f }p TIA cefU)B f)W, 

;guf ATI lajng^i* ; ^oriA 6 ha ccfUjb j-jn ©0 Ven Gocad U<}cep 
t)e ; •] no itisjBap le hCocap FjATOTfiujne, •) le Conu}n5 
BsBaoloc e. 

3406. Do ^aB Gocad FjAtJiimjne, -) Conujng B^^^^Ia^, 
tiA iiiiAc DuAC CgrnjtAC, jtjo^Ac- Gjjic^n cu}^ bljA^n* ) 
ccoriiflAjrgj- t)6)li. Jj' ujme gojiiri^jt GocAr» F'JA'omiijne 
i>e, -oo V)]!] 5 50 nv;nAfii)tet) bejr A5 j-ejl^ •] A5 yJADAC <i]\i 
IJ^rA'OAcujb no aj]> yJAomjolnjb aUta, j mu)nj5)b, no ) 
tcojllrjB ; -] no ru]?: An c-GocAt) j'A le Lu^ajd lAiiirel^^. 

3-111. Do 5a15 Lu^Ajo lAn!t)Q]i5, niAc Goca]6 uAjyi^o^f, 
]»jo5Acr Gj]ien fi^cz nibljAgnA, jp ujme do 5ojptj Lii^Ajt) 
JAnicg^t^ t>e, DO bjt)5 co ]tAjb t] no bAll ro]»5 <\]]t 4 lAjm, 
5:, i]i fji]r !e Conii]TiK bc't;o5^^c. 

3413. Do ^aB Conujn^ bo^^^JAC, niAc Duac reATn]tAt, 
*n]c'^':i'ijji«j^DA)5bol5jiUj5, JtjogAcc Gjii^nDe)f mbljA^nA. Jj- 
<;jrnf 5(ijpf-2]i Coninnc; begp^Uc rr, txj h]^)-^ v^^ 5^3 t<oni 


A. M. 3369. Loo-ee laron, son of Enna Darg, of tke 
line of Eivir, held the sovt*roignty of Ireland nine years. 
Thisprince was sirnanied luron, from the colour of his locks, 
which was a dark brown. He was slain by Sheerlav at Rath- 

3378. Sheerlav, son of Finn, of tlie posterity of Ir, 
governed the kingdom si.Nteen years. He is called 
Sheerlav, from his very long hands, for they reached to 
the ground when he stood erect. He was killed by Eohy 

3394. Eohy Uarkas, son of Looee laron, reigned twelve 
years. He was stiled Uarkas, from a sort of skiffs he had 
among his fleet. Cgp, kas, means a skiff or cockboat. 
This prince being two years at sea, an exile from Ireland, 
used to put a number of his men on board these small 
boats, by whom tJie co;!sts of every country they came X6' 
were plundered, and the spoil was brought in these skiffs 
to the fleet. Hence he was ever after called Eohy 
Uarkas. He was slain by Eohy Fiavum, and Conung the 

3406. Eohy Fiavuin, and Conung the Fearless, two sons 
of Duach Terra, assumed the government, and reigned 
joint sovereigns five years. Eohy Fiavuin is so called, 
because he was addicted to the cliase of the deer, and 
other wild beasts, in woods and forests. He was slain by 
Loo-ee Lav-yarg. 

3411. Loo-ee La,v-3-arg, son of Eohy Uarkas, reigned 
seven years. There was a red spot on one of his hands, 
whence he was called Lav-yafg, i. e. I'ed-hand. He was 
killed by Conung the Fearless. 

.'v41<S. Conung the Fearless, son of Diiacli Tevra, son of 
Mtirrough Bolgra, governed Ireland ten years; cowardice;, 
or fear never possessed him in the fight ; hence he was 

* Or at the battle of Clogher. 


f CIA ^hvm e J ccAC n,i ) ccoiisjJAc ; -j yop f a t]t<5jtiyc]i j 
'i-jojtgu)! €, AiiiAjl rt ioe)]t An -pjle I'Ati jiau j-o j-joj- : 

Conu]nc; v\\ ccojn^leac cl^f 5I1U1, 
noc Af^ mhnujj \\q yejt jtJAiii, 
« 'oejc }»6 ca]f; po]* ^ac- ior; 

^. '-Ji,^. 31-23. Oo igAb^pr mAc Luj^tHj^c LA]m-6ej)i5, no 
f)ul Gjbjji 11)0540?: ejp^o j-c bljA^nA, gup cii)c le Ouac 
Laojiac, rnAC K)ACAt> Colgitujc, -j le F]ACAti p^-jn. 

3434-. Do tal) KjACA-o Lul^i^Ar, nuc \0n)]tet>u]5 Bholg- 
]Hi]D, t50 j-jol 6)jjerho)n, ytjo^A^c Cj]i^n \(^t- mbljA^riA, 
511)1 ruj- le bOjljoll jrjon, niAC V^]]ir, ) mBujpjn. 

3441. Oo 5a15 Oj1)oU fjon, mAC ^ftr, fo y-jol GjBjp, 
]<jo5act: Gjjte?! HsO] nibljA^n*, 511 Jt rujt It* b?(j)i5er)m<|, */ 
le f jACAP, j le DuAcmAc Fjacao) cca^ OtibA. C]on61u)t5 
%)ajrhnj5 um Gocao itiac OjIjoHa y)Ti, -] um Lu5A)t5 mAc 
CocAt) yjA'orhiijne, ^up jon^bf Ar> ^]P5etMT)<| c<} mii)}t y^t) 
fpcr mbl)(»5nA. 

H 3450. T)o 5Ab CodAt', mAc OjljolU yi^, "oo [-jol Gjb)|», 
yijoJAcr C)}irn y^oyr. inl)ljA5nA, j njoji Trj^ ad Jij^e 0' 
^jt^f^tMTh,], i>tz TO jtjne fjor le Dua6 Lacjiac. 50 rcojtAcc 
^]*5£'^^'"'<l "c'a Vo)nr;]oj*, 50 nfQ,CAf ycjn -j Duac La-ojiac 
"o'son Iajtti ] n-A^Ajo Cocac, 50 ttojicAjii leo j ccjori n* 
bA]Ti}|-j|ie y)P, A]]» <(>nAC ?C)nc CbljAc. 

3437. Do 5v^b vv)ft5,ct^rn^, mAc SjojtUni, to yljO(;r Jfi, 
ifijc '?<ijlc-6, jijo^Acr: Gjjȣn 23, blja^Ajn, 5u)t tup le Ouac 
lAopAc, lie l,u5>\p Ia)5'6c, ttiac Cocac, rhjc OjIjoHa yjfk 

3480. Do 5aB Duac Laoj^ac, mAc FjAfcAt) ColgfiAc, tjo 
j-jol Gj]ieifi6)n, ]i)o^>\cr Gjjt^n rejc mblja^nA. ly u}me 
Sojjtfrit Ouac Iaojiac ■6c, jonAn jmopjto, Iaojia, -j Iuac 
<*5i*<^> "jl* I'l taBjuo CA)]i-oe 'oo i\2,c )^ nocAriAib cAgcojuv, 
5An c o'a^Pa An 00 TtvrAjji, ^onA -ji)"o y)n l«A)nj5 An 
yojtAjnm a]]* \ 'j 00 nivjbAo le Lu5A)o lA]5'6e e. 

?^. %. 3 100. 


stlled the Fearless. He was moreover a man of great bravery 
in action, as tlu' poet obsery-es in the ibUouing verse : 
Conung noble, firm in fight. 
Him no man coukl e'er atfiiglit, 
Tiiick as rain liis darts he deals, 
Quick he's slain when Art assails.* 
A. M. 3428, Art, son of Looee Lavyarg, of the' line 
of Eiver, governed Ireland six years, and was slain by 
I'iaclia Tolgra, afid his son Duach Lyrach. 

3434. Fiacha Tolgra, son of Murrougli Bolgry, of the 
race of Eire von, reigned seven years, and was killed })y 
Olioll Finn, son of Art, in Bmrin. 

3441. Olioll-Finn, son of Art, of th^fe Une of Eiver, ruled 
over Ireland nine years. He was slain by Argadvar, Fiacba, 
and Duach, son of Fiacha, in the buttle of Ova. The 
people of Munster assembled withEohy, son of Olioll Finn, 
and Loo-ee, son of Eohy Fiavuin at their head, and 
banished Argadvar beyond the sea for seven years, 

3450. Eohy, son of Olioll Finn, of the line of Eiver, 
ruled seven years. He did not yield the government to 
Argadvar, but made a peace with Duach Lyrach, until 
Argadvar returned from exile, when he and Duach Lyrach 
■ jointly opposed Eohy, who fell by them about that time, 
at the fair of Any-clia. 

3457. . Argadvar, son of Shocriav, of the posteiity of 
Ir, reigned twenty-three years,t and was slain by Duach 
Lyrach, and Loo-ee Law, son of Eohy, son of Olioll Finn, 

3480. Duach Lyrach, son of Fiacha Tolgra, of the line 
of Eirevon, ruled the kingdom ten years. From the word 
l<^r)J1^A, (y<^, speedy punishment, he is called Duach- 
Lyrach ; for no person on the commission of a crime, 
received any lenity from l)ini, but was instantly punished ; 
hence the sirname Lyrach, was acquired by him. He was 
killed by Loo-ee Law. 

A, j\I. 3490. 
* See note on Irish versliication, page zso. 
•j- Some authors say ih'.rty. 


^. %. 3490. Do 5rtB Lu^a)-? L^i^ce, Gocap, 'Co j'-'jol 
Gjftjp, jtjo^Acc Gj)»en j-ecc nib]]ft5na, ^ii}* fujt le h^oo 
Ruvvo, TTivVc BAoiijjtn. >< -oej}* <vn Cho))* ?,'nmAn 5u|t «b 
t!0 iiA c6j5 Lu]5^6u)1j pi clan to Dhajjie Dtiojiiifjoc Aii 
Lii^ivjt) L4]5'6epj. Ipgr) jmopju iiocrAr an Ii^Vkj ce^Dn* 
gup p)rn<^jr ^P^o) ^''*Jl^)5^G T]ie yi}ft>)nc ro Dhajfte 
Dhojrhrjoc, 50 mbejc ni<vc 4)5e, r'* n5«)l»p) Lii54]r«, co 
^olmr» f U]fef Ojjf^n ; -j iniQAt), ca e]]- pjn, cuj^c]! m*c 
60, -] cuq Lu5<v)i6 o'ajnm <v))t 5<ic <on TJob. V^]]* jfif x>o'n 
clojn fjn, re)r> Dijjie Tj'pioy <»n •o]>iO) cecTi*, -j }:iAf]tfl]5£r 
tie cJA <vn Lii^Ajr t>o'n cujjejt to i;^l)AT yU)r<^r Cjjt^n. 
rjtj^ll ) miijiAc 50 Ldjllrjii, Ajt iin tjuo), m^ <on Ict cujjcii 
TTiAc, i cjocfao 3 inai^rtc 1<05 alujTi alia pa'n n-cona^, 7 
IjngpjT cac 1 TO cUnfA a]|t a Voj^^;, ^ ^jhe tot clojfip 
cjilfjof a)!^, 'I niujftbfcf e, huT p)5 Cjik^u C. lUpj^ an 
I005 *))> n-a liivipac pa'n n-ionac, -] c^agap y)|i G)]ipfi *] clan 
"Diijjte ) n-a T]a]T, 50 ]ian5aT^ Bc-jnt'Tajji, ^ujt cu)]i^t> 
ceo t>]»a)]i;ocrA ]T]]t niaca]!) Dhajpc "/ ]:)]\ Ci|ien. Tji jalIu]T 
mjc Ddj]»e ) nT)a)6 an lsO)5 ap pjn 50 Oal niopcopb Laj^on, 
•J c^ruj5gp Lii^ajT Laj^Te an Ico^, -j m^biip ^', ^ona o'n 
Icog pjn 50]|ireft Lu^ajt lv\ii,Te .1. Lusajt 1^5fA tc. 
Jp ajjt an Lii^ajTpj a ta an pjnpct-al pjljioecrapa, m^ a 
n-a)f}»]pre<j T e a5 pejlj v;o rcajila ) nTjfjtejlj 6 j»e cajlljg 
iiji51iana, a]|t a ]iaib ((^Ira)]* Tittoj^orra -j 50 nTccd'a j 
n-a I^bujT 5U|t ben a toira]!^ T|iiO)5<;^cra tj, 511}* raj-obp}- 
^^T TO a bejr ] n-a ho^mn^i aliijn Ta e]p p)n. Bo patac 
Jp j Cj);c an cajUecpo lc]t Vii]5 l.u5a)T la]5TC, m^ t;o 
|("iia}it TUv\6 ') Tyj;ini]nf pa n-a cen a]p» rmp, ') ajnjop -^ 
po]]tb)op r* ejp pjn. c<j ccj^n j^o ji-Abu]j* au i o)]» ajiuian 
gujt mac TO Dhajjie TO)inr;g;c Lugajo la^^TC, n') n'lepujm 
^M]\ ab e an LujajT laj^TC po pa J»jt, ajit Cjiijfi, an 
LugajT UT Viiaic^p Chojj* ^nmafi, r^ t^u ^uji r.^nt;a)pftt> 
lejp na TpiOjrjb, 50 mbao pi^, aijt Gjjijn Lu^ajT Laj^Ti-, 
mac Dajj^c Do^mfj^. 

^. ':J0. 3197. 


A. M. 34-90. Loo-ce Law, sonotEohy,of theraceof Eiver, 
governed the kingdom seven years, and was slain by Hugh 
Uoc, son of Bayarn. The hook of Etymology of names 
savs that this Loo-ce Law was one of the five Loo-ees, sons 
of Dary Dovhach. The same book liovfever asserts, that 
a certain Druid prophesied to Dary Dovhach, that he would 
have a son whosi; name would he Loo-ce, and he would 
govern the kingdom of Ireland. He afterwards had five 
sons, each of whom ho named Loo-ee. When these 
children had arrived at years of maturity, Dary went to 
the same Druid, and enquires of him, which of the five 
Loo-ees should obtain the sovereignty of the kingdom ? 
Go, savs the Druid, to-morrow with your five sons to Tallin, 
and there will come into the fair a beautiful fawn, and the 
wiiole assembly, together with yoursonsj will go in pursuit 
of it, and whosoever of your sons will overtake and kill 
It, he shall be monarch of Ireland. The fawn arrives on 
tlie morrow, in the fair, and is pursued by the men of 
Ireland and the sons of Dary, until they arrive at Howth ; 
there a magical mist separates the sons of Dary from the 
resr. They continue the chase thence to Dal-Moscorb of 
Leinster, where Loo-ee Law overtakes and slays the fawn; 
hence he acquired the name of Laighde or Laoghdha, Laxv 
or Lai/. Of this Loo-ee is told the following romantic 
tale, that, while hunting, he met in a wilderness a very 
deformed hag, on whom was an enchanted mask; that he 
went into bed, where she took off her mask, and afterwards 
lippeared to him like a beautiful 3'oung woman. This hag, 
in whose embiaces Loo-ee was, alleggrically signifies Ire- 
hmd, in as uuich as he first underwent hardships and diffi- 
culties on her account ; and thereafter enjoyed happiness 
and wealth. Notwithstanding the book of Etymology of 
names affirms that Loo-ee Law was son of Dary Dovhach, 
yet I do not suppose that this Loo-ee Law, who was king 
of Ireland, is liie Loo-ee mentioned in the above work; 
though the Druid had foretold that Loo-ee Law, son of 
Dary Dovhach, "should be monarch of Ireland. 

VOL. I. H h A. M. 3497. 


^. ^. 34^7. Do 5<»l) ^OTJ jtuAt<, m(>c Bv\fu)}4n, -oo f-ljocr. 


3518. Do 5<\B Djofo}(bA. mac DjoniAjn, loo j-ljocc ))», 
ItjogAct G)ifgn 1)1)^5^)11 A)]* V)c)T, ^ii]^ fu)C lc)r n* 
CuATiiijlj j-iMi Chojtt\n .1. CuAn mA]u, Ciun mo)5e, jCiun 

3539. Do 5aB C)onih<of, mdc Fioriru)n, to fl]occ Jjt, 
bl)45A)n A)it }.*)C)t>, no -oo jic))! tJjiojriQe ojle, oc- n)bl)A5iiA 
j:)cjo; gujt fu)t t50 tixxh ] ii-6<niiu)n '■■v^ibAtiv. 

3559. Do JAb %<tc* ^^njftuar, jjn^j^n ^ot) )ui<»p, t)* 
fljocr Ip, ]\y)-^AC'G]]ieuYeczmh]-j,\-t,rn, 5ii}nri<)b H(^ctu)6 
Iijr5e]»5 j. )]• }k; n-A I)n "oo ru^bAt) GAriiA)n itiaca. v*:; 
f o an pAt yA }tA)t)ce}» GAniA)n tttaca jt)A .i. r]tj |))5 tso b) 
) fj?lA)tef ) n-UllrA)b .i. >^o6}tuAr) mac B<i-6ii)]in, 6 jiv'i)r)rg]i 
gfytUAj-o ; DjotojtbA ttiac D)om^)n a lilljf ti^c ^Vj^e ; 7 
C]omb«)t; ttjac FjonrA)n 4 F)ofubA|», ^ fjc' mbljA^nA •00 
5AC }»)5 io')ob pA yec ^ t)mc)oll, 50 tt»nt;At)q |*a rpj ] 
jflA)te|' G)|fen, •) )y 6 v(o'c ]iuao }'ua]]» hH^ A)]t rrruf t5)ob, 
•j n^oj^ JA5A)b o'a ]-1)uc* 'o'a e]y <\tt <on jngen AmA)n, '■^<bflC* 
<i hA)nm. JAjijtuf '-^^aSa ygl tjo'n jtjo^Acr, j^ ti-^ftS * h<xf-,\-p^ 
•j A t)CibA)|tT: Djof-oy^bA, 7 a ^Iap, riAft jriijgb^t) bfn jip^ACt 
UAuA ]rK)Ti, "] •00 peitjiAt) cAi etojtjtA 7 ^(.^aca, 50 }in^ %ac* 
buA)"6 o]t}iA I'ATi t<^t ]'}n, 7 TO ^Ab ):lA)^ef C)}tcfi ]'ect 
mbljA^TiA ; "j ].'iiA)]t D)ofo}tbA bAf, •] to y'A5U)b c6)^e|t 
tTiAc t'a ejf, n)<| A TA B^of, BcATAc, BjtAy, UaI1a6, *j 
BojibcA)- A n-ATimAfiA •) TO )^AT^ y'^FSr ^11^£" ^*^]^ Y^')^* 
AriiA)! TO b) AC A f'lflp^lt yiompA. ?^ TubA)|tt *i^*t<i n* • 
tjobjiAT TOjb Adr cAt r<j (J-^^n ta jijogA^tA ; to ]r^}i)»AT cAt 
gro}»ftA, *j pu^ "^Oaca biiAjT o]iitA. rejT cIaH Djorojib* t'a 
iiT)T^n y(y\ ) c(u)llr)b To]t(^A T]AT5iAi}te,'^ i rug ^a6a 
C)OTnb<oc mtj de;lo, -j nifj ^(;;;fi y^Tiu A)p a l<oft}tii)Te, ^ to 
(!UA]T y*/))! A]f» Vop^ 61o)fie D)ocoi»bA J Jijo^t clAjriip^e, 



A. M. S497. Hugh Roe, son of Bayain, of the line of 
Ir, reigned over Ireland twenty -one years, and, was drowned 
at Esroe. 

3518. Diijorba, son of Dimain, of the race of Ir, go- 
verned the kingdom twenty-one years, and was killed by 
the Cuans in Corann, viz. Cuan Mara, Cuan Moy, and 
Ciian Sleivy. 

3539. Kimbteh, son of Fintan, of the race of Ir, reigned 
twenty .-one years, or according to others, twenty- eight. 
He died of the plague in Evan-Macha. 

3559. Macha-Mongrua, daughter of Hugh Roe, of the 
line of Ir, governed the kingdom seven years, and was slain 
by Rechta Reeyarg. In her reign Evan-Macha was built. 
The following is the reason why it is called Evan-Macha. 
Three princes enjoyed the sovereignty of Ulster, viz. Hugh 
Roe, son of Bayarn, from whom Esroe is called; Dihorba, 
son of Dimain, of Usnagh in Meath; and Kimbah, son 
of f intan, of Finnavar. These princes reigned alternately 
^even 3'ears, until they had enjoyed the sovereignty of 
Jreland twenty-one years each. Hugh Roe was the first 
who died, and left no issue but Macha an only daughter. 
Macha demands the government in her turn, after hec 
father's death ; Dihorba and his sons said that no woman 
should wrest ihe government from them ; a battle ensued 
between them and Macha, in which the latter obtained the 
victory, and reigned over Ireland seven years. Dihojba 
died in the interim, and left issue five sons, namely. Bay, 
Beda, Bras, Uallah, andBorbcas, who demand the govern- 
ment, which their father held before them. Macha replied 
^e would yield them nothing, but give them battle for 
the sovereignt}-; a battle was consequently fought, in which 
Macha proved again victorious. The sons of Dihorba then 
fled to conceal themselves in lonely woods and wildernesses; 
jgind Macha took Kimbajh as husband and commander of 
her forces, and went in perstn, in pursuit of the sons of 



3^ ccuniii]lr r.o]p vec,u)l t>'a ccjlb, -] f ii^»]I* jArpn ] ccojli 
cjaTiMjp J n)Bu)yi)n «5 bjtujf fn))«r ollra. F]rtf]irt)5]» 
ckn Djoroitb* ]-rev\lA fj, ■) rnp,ir<} m]|i tjo'n l)jrt)t) rj ; 
iiocruj- ]-j]'] 5<vc j-ceal rii jta]!) <»]ce fojb. If An ]']n 
A t)uba]]iT: y^i* •ojob, 5U]t b'dliijn tin ]«n|-c ro bj aj <m 
ccUjmfjj;, -J 50 ]U]bc mJAn <vj]i yejn luj^e ]rja ; k j]' f)n 
rjtjtvllup ]:(']r\, ■) '-it-VjCA ] iiv]i\rimj|t 11a cojlle, •) conKluf 
•^iiacrt <in yeit ]-)ii, -j yA^bui- ^^'^ D" ^ ' T)'')'^!' b^ *"**^ * 
l^ip; "I V]<v]:|i<ijc:jr o], (mj- a]i yaKba]]- An ye)» "00 ciiA]« 
Jec? Ap yy\o; n] y£r><j, vii» p, ncr y.ojijm 511)1 4b nAjt 
lejy rcir ©a b.i]t lArdjjjp j iTojajP ioii-iij^rt- le f lAjinyi^ ; 
11] Tiap, aft jan]-i»n, ujyi do ■6i'«n,vinne 411 iVjocetjnrt. Te)'© 
•^aciv jmopfto,, le3y 54c <oti aca y* yec, ya'n cco)ll, ^ ro 
c^n^A^l u)lo )4T5, )onuy 50 JIU5 ) n-oonc^^n^al x>o l\ifA]|t 
yojt n-UUt) 50 h-e(vm4jn jAr, ■] y}Ay|<*lt^£r '^^ ni<i)fjli 
Uiat) cjietvo <vn r»)05(\l -oo oeariAti f job. ?( t5ub)i<iiT<j u)le 
•o'toniiK'jn, b»i]- feo r<vb<i]|tt: 'oojb, nj hiuT»la)t) jy cujp, aJ» 
"(,^404, 0)}t "oo buo clcon4 l'£cr4 yjn, 4cr t?iO)tT:4}t 3410 *] 
cu^r^ o)J}(4 ]J4)f t)0 r65ba]l i64iby4, buy pjijonicarAjjf 
To'n CLj^^^t) yo 50 bjtcvr. Lc]y y)n ben4y "^a^a dn "colg 
6]|t '00 bj ]-4n b]i4r, to bj ya ii-A b}i4§4)'o, Ainac, -} ro 
rorriAy yojjt ma jiata yA b^]5en no clojn DjorojtbA r»o 
T-65bA)l, 04i7ni)Ti )mo]*)io, bOjjtf^^yt -oo'n jiAjr, co ccaha 
A)nni -oo rek, -j mnjn b}iAj5e, goriA x>e yjn pAj-ofgjt 
t^AiniijM .1. eomujn, jijy ati liAjf. No )y tijnie bOjpf^yt 
CAmii)n nj, 6 Carhujn %aca, ben Cb]iii)n Hijc 9^t>nArti4)n, 
•) yi ht]j;cn loo'n rnr\co] yjn t'a bAnToeojn, -oiil ro cojmjiijr 
]».> l)ecu)b ChoiicubAjlt 11)5 \ll4r, gnjt ja)tu]5 jAt?, ^ j 
r')]t]tAC ; •) ] <•( en ta ycjtjhc pv.-^ yj niiic -j jri^en. ?^b<*r 
Tii^ ft mAllACc t)'ys|tiijb UIat, 5011A re y)n CAjnjc An 
• f^yn.oiien oj^jiA, "] 00 b] An (e]" y]n uppA |ie TjH n^oj jij^ 
.1. 6 Chon'Al'-^, 50 ylAjf^i' '^vihii)', riijc Kocjjojcc. 

Vi. Vi,>. 3566. 
* Som; 'Ar'fe Fmao; others c^r:ivnia ; in Grlic it i' picnouncfd ^zin Or 


Dihorba, tlijsguised like a Leper, Iniviiig first rubbed herself 
over widi the dough of rye, and found them in an unfre- 
quented wood in Burrin, boiling a wild boar. They enqtiire 
news from her, and gave her a portion of the food ; she 
relates to them what news she had. One of them observed 
that the leprous woman had beautiful eyes, and that he 
had an incHnation to embrace her; and thereupon retired 
with Macha to a distant part of die wood. Macha binds, 
z.nd leaves hinj there, and returns to the others, who en- 
quire where she had left the man who had gone along with 
her ? I know not, she replied, but do imagine that he is 
ashamed to come into your presence after yielding to the 
embraces of a Leper : no shame, said they, for we will do 
the same. Macha retires with each individually into the 
wood, and binds them all; and brought them bound to- 
gether before the men of Lester to Evan, and enquires of 
the nobles how she should dispose of them ; they unani- 
mously declared that they ought to be put to death ; not so, 
replied the princess, for that would be contrary to law, 
but let them be liberated and be obliged to build a palace 
for me, which shall be for ever after the royal residence of 
this province. ^Thereupon she took from the mantle which 
was around her neck, a golden broach, and therewith 
measured the foundation of the palace, which the sons of 
Dihorba were obliged to erect. Hence it is called Evan, 
from eo, a pin or a broach, and mujn the neck*. Or it may 
be so called from Evan Macha, the wife of Grain, son of 
Aynavan, who was reluciantly obliged, in a state of l)rcg- 
nancy, to run against the horses of Connor, king of Ulster, 
which she outran, and at the goal was delivered of a son 
and daughter. She gave curse to the men of Ulster; 
whence it came that they were continually afflicted with 
the pains of labour, during nine successive reigns, namely, 
from the duvs of Connor, to the reign of Mai, son of 

A. M. 3566. 


%. Qvi. 5660. Do 5<vB R(£ct<v6 pji-t^eitj, ttiac Luj,4]x> 
U)5-be, -oo fjol 6]b)it p'jogdcc G)lien yjce bl]rt^<\]ii. Ij- 
u)me SO)]»foi> Recru)^ Rj^-oeiic; -66 .1. bun ]\)^ vojiz, 
CO V)] «)SC) 1 )r ^^ /n5,o]ue m6\i •ou hu^Ijao t', ) hojo^aI * 
li)a)me a, "^Oac* '■i0on5jui4t>. 

3.5^6. Do ^A^ Jii^ojTie %5)6]t, mAc Gac4.6 Biu-onj^, 
-co fjol Cj]ionio]ii, ]r]oi,A,ir G)]»en cefjjA^An blja^Ajn, no 
r]t]OCi\"o t)0 )i''']]t •oitojn^e c]le. )]' u^nie 50j]ir^]» lu^ojne 
mojt -66, t30 B}iJ5 5U]t ni6}t a rl*J^Gr> ^11* ^" ^) ^""l* *11* 
•jleAnii]!) l^rAjji eo}>pvV nj^.^, 'j r)0 Imr^ ci'lBSl* *)1* VJ^J'* 
t)0 clojn a)v;e .1. r]<A|' -j yjcc ro clojn nuc, 'j rji]^ ]nbg,n. 
^('j)» jfi]- fo'n clo]M yp, r>o ^<\^ w;<\c ion ©job y* J'ejt bupg_n 
■) n-rt •6)4]6 jrqn, 'jan ran r-o bejjifj f;o]icu*)iir 6j}<£n leo, 
niij A ml))o-o mivc rjob <v nocr, ©o Bjot' <\n mac cjle <j indjiac 
an, rn.j rjn TojVi r>]a]t) ] nojajo jotlui* c^**^ ^'^^ * tcuQTvOjp 
4^a]T!, 50 ccdjctj leu <v nibjnr> ro tijAjt? "j 'oo Ion aH. "^^ 
•ru5ar<| y)]4 Cjjien ]-]n r'i n-Ajjie, ro curtT^ tJO cejpijonj 
an iooca)|» pn le](- An ]\]i, lti£,A)ne, T }f e np Ajjt rt]» djrino* 
joc a)}^ Ve^, 6]|ie DO i^Djn j ccu)5 ]iArui]b f)cer, '] a injii 
j:e]n t50 ralK\]iir no t^i>c Aon ro'n t\o]f\ j-jn fj, *] jan Aj> 
l)}Kji- ro i^£c •o]o'6 crtj^^in a]|v cii)t5 a cr^le, ni<j a ro]]! An 
rjle pan jtai^- I'o : 

)u5a)ne tialUi Amjta 

Da]t bur b)t.ii5 bua-oijkc BanljA, 

RanpA-c A cJAna w;o ceiir 

C)]i(; 1 cco^z; jiaruijb jrjcer. 

^c; ]-o pjop ■o'anmAnAjb na clojfie p]n Ju^Ajne, 'j an Jto/i 
roinijfi ro b] aj ^ac r)ii)ne 'cjob, ajJ) crup 'oo'n clojfi 

Cobf.Ac C\ol niB]iei;, ] nriBii(;^t,a)V) ; Cobra^ %!U)]ife)nine, 
J ^'^iujprejnmc ; Lco^ajjie Lope, ] L]if t; ; Fu)Inc, ) Feb; 
Na}*, ) '^^i.>]S Na)lt ; Rajshc, j '-?0o]5 RAjjne ; Najtb, ) 
*^o)5 NAjpb; Cpn^pa, ] n-Vi]ji5;)0'olKJ]p ; Tajji, j '^bo)5 
Cv^}qtA; T.\\-\Arj 1 trpcjfcjiine ; j-jt-n, ] LuAdAjji ; B^-o, ) 



A. M. 3566. Rechta Reeyarg, son of Loo-^ee La"v^', of 
the posterity of Eiver, ruled the kingtloin twenty years. 
One of his arms was red, and thence he is siiled Heey^rg. 
He was slain by Ugony the Great, in revenge for the death 
of his nurse, Macha-Mongrua. 

3586. Ugony the Great, son of VxA\\ the victorioiis^ of 
the race of Eirevon, reigned over Ireland forty years, or 
thirty, as others assert. He was called Ugony the Great^ 
because his dominion was great, having all the western 
Isles of Europe under subjection. He had twenty-^fiv€ 
children ; twenty-two sons^; and three daughters. When 
these children had arrived at maturity, each had his own 
retinue ; and when they nrtade a tour* of Ireland, where 
one son happened to be to-night, on tiie morrow came 
another, and thus one after the other, wherever they went, 
until all the provision and stock was consumed by them. 
When the people of Ireland obserred this conduct, they 
went to the Monarch, and reported the ginevance, when 
it was mutually agreed, that the kingdom shoidd be divided 
into twenty-five portions, one to be given to each son, and 
tliat none be permitted to enter upon the portion of the 
•ther ; as the poet observes in the following verse : 
Ugony formidable, illustrious, 
Banba to him gave great concern, 
Hefairlv divided amongst his children, 
Ireland into five and twenty portions. 

Here follow the names' of the children of Ugony, and 
the district of the kingdom allotted to each; and fifsl of 
the sons. 

Cofi'yCael-mra, had hjs portion in Bra; Cofty-Murhevnev, 

in Murhevney; Leary-Lorc, in Liffey; Fulney, in Feve ; 

. Nar, in Moy-Nar; Rayney,. in IVIoy-Rayney ; Narv^ in 

Moy-Narv; Kinga, in Argedross; Tar, in Moy-Tarra; 

Tria, inTreherney; Shen, in Lu.^char; Bard, in Clon- 

*■ Literal!)" afrce tour, :, e. Hying at fret q««rters wbercvfr tlity went. 

cCIiiAjn Cho)»ca Ojce ; Feji^uj' ^ruoj, ) rc]iir da nDeifc ; 
0}ib, ] n-vtpne ; '^>ia)n, ] 'A>a)nriioj5 ; Sanb, ) '^oj5 ^'oj; 
%al, ) cClju ^lu)!; GocAjr, ] SeolTh(>]5: LAf<j, ] L<vr<»i»n<»; 
%A]>c, ] ^>j6e ; Lv05, j Ljiie ; CojtAn, ) oCojiaH. Do'u 
rf>j4}i jTijjon <vnj-o, ■] t5'4 ]K)]r» .1. V^'jlbe, ) '^'•^o]^ ^vjlBe } 
Fajpe, ) 'A^ojs Ko]TT)]on ; '^^iujppj-^, ) '-^^035 ^ujjtjyse. 

iro 5(»c ]ij5 ■o(V jtA]b a}]i Gjpjn <v]]t ^eib rjtj cr<vr> bljAJv^jn, 

rriAjp Jte Vjii GocAj-b Kcjttljoc ro Ijejt n-4 j'tj^ Gjit^n. 

Jp c GocAjt) Fe]ol)oc tjo iiojn c6j5et>.v Gjjis^n jt>]]5 An 
"o}to)ii5 I') pjop. ^115 cojfet) Uli\'6 oa I'lie]i5'ip mac Lr)oe, 
rug coj^o'o Ldj^en -oo Roj-a mac Fe]>5iipA F(\]]i?;e, rii^ 
•Oiv c6)5^t)%iimrtn -ooChj^eitnAC Ct-j-oB^mc ) too Obf^gup. 
t!u5 in^ An cct-'aotiA cojfco Clionnaor -ov. -\i\u]i .1. o^jbiij-bjc 
inacFc)5, c'Co^ajo Alar, -) too I^lijne niAc C,'oii]iac, too jte)}t 
m<jcu)]»pem pjop OA e]p po, ah tati lA)l)co)tAm A)|t plA}f^p 
CocAjto fc-)tol]5 pejii, -in) lu^Ajtoc too V)) An |)u)n p]n clojru; 
ItijAjne A]|t Gj]<]n 50 nto2,cA-c<j a cIah u]\c ^an rpljoct 
AC- toJAp .1. CobfAr C.ol n»B]te5 -j LvO^Ajite Lojic, 6 
rcA]n)5 A mA]]i)on -oo pjol ejii^mojn, ^Ijp le BAoBcAt) mAc 
Gacac Bua-6a]5 a -roitbltAfAjit pejn r>o ni.jBv^to liijAjne 
niojt ] rreJAjj An cop5Ai]^, ^ nj ]u\]hc. pejn ) jij^e n-Gjit^n 
Acc 1a 50 lef, An TAn too nisjl^Ar \^ L^o^Ajjto Lojic (•, ] 
no)05Al A Af;A]i. 

"^i'. '>\i. 3586. Do i/Ab Lco^Ajpc Lo]ic, niAc JiijAjne 
■^^^liojit, t)0 pjol Gj)i(>ni6)n pjo^ACc GjjJen "ca IjIja^ajh. 
C^pA)}* Clipiir-AC, jn^jon ]t]-^ F|tA]n^:-, b^n Ju^Ajne rijojp, 
rnAT-Aiit Lco^Ajjte lo]tc -j ChobtAj^ c.oil mbjigj. )p ujnic 
5oj]tr£]t L«5A)]»o lojic -oe .1. jonAn lojic •) pjon^AJ, •] too 
{►jnc La)5A))ie pjihi^aI aju BliAtobcA^ mAC Gacac BhnAtortj5, 
^uft •00 p)Ji too Vf^'i An p(i]iainm toc .1. L«)5A])te lojlc. )p 
le CobcAc ccol nib]*;;'^, a to^]il)]iArA]]i p'']n, too n)<|bAr 



Corca-Oiche; Fergus-Giiie, in the Desies Country ; Orb, 
iiiAyney; Ma-ii, in IVI-jenmoy; Sanv, in Moy-ce ; Mai, 
in CICi-Mail; Eoin', in Scolnioy ; Lahar, in Laharu}-; Marc, 
in Meatii ; Ltey, in Liney ; and Corann, in Corann ; his 
three daughters were Ailvey, who settled in Moy-Ailveyi 
Fayfe, in Mov-Feven; and Murine, in IMoy-iMi'-risce. 

Agre.:;ab!y to this Division tlie taxes and revenues of the 
crown were collected, in the reign of every successive 
king \\\io governed Ireland for the space of three hundred 
years, viz. from the time of Ugony until that of the 
Provinciaiists, who Houri:ihed in the reign of Eohy 

By Kohv Feileach tlie provinces were divided among 
the following per.^ons ; to Fergus, son of Leide, he gave 
the province of Uister; to Ross, son of Fergus Fargy, the 
province of Leinster ; the two provinces of Munster he 
gave to Tiyernach Tedvenach, and to Duee : He, in like 
manner, gave the province of Conacht to three persons, 
namely, Feeyagh, son of Feig ; Eohy, son of Alat ; and 
Thiiuiy, son of Conr}', as we shall shew hereafter, in the 
reign of Eohy Feileach ; nevertheless that division of the 
children of Ugony continued, until all his sons died with- 
out issue but two, namely, Coffy Caelmra, and Leary Lore, 
from whom are descended all that exist of the race of 
Kirevon. Ugony was slain by his own brother, Baj/vca, 
■ion of Eohy the victorious, in Tallagh-an-Cosgar. But 
Bayvca himself enjoyed sovereignty but a day and an half, 
wiien In^ was slain' by Leary Love in revenge for the death 
of his father. 

A. M. 3i)8G. Leary Lore, son of Ugony the Great, of 
the line of Eirevon, reigned two years; Kasar of Fairfonn, 
daughter lo the king of France, and wife of Ugony the 
Great, was the mother of this prince, and Coffy Cffil-mra. 
He is called Leary Lore, from tne word lore, i. e. murder, 
ho having murdered Bayvca, son of Eoby the victorious. He 

vuL L I i was 


CO bj CobcAC 1 e »\3 rSl*5'^^ ^V^' pjlimao ]»e Lu)f(\)j»e 1o|k-, 
y* I»jo5«\Co O-jpeTi rio be)c 4)50, 'j m^ 'oo r iialv»}o L.o^Ajite 
e))')on ipo }'H']i etVjcpuA]^, ^v^jnj^ hujf^n <\]mirA t^'i 

511}* r;|»u*5 t)\v 1j)>i\frt)j> rtii TK'jrhjorr ^nivcvvc t>o l))o6 <v)5e 
<vp yejn -00 f)o]«, <vf 11AC r)^;^^ c'i Vvvfnjjt ^rtn T|luvit;-' 
Ijujojn, Mj mjpDe, ^ V^n^ajpo, r)oc]:Ar m)|") 5,0 |')or<AC <vxj 
VArAjIt AD cQ-rjrecr; * p)[- ^an l>u)r>ji\ <jnif a <vn\ yocAj]* ;. 
lejp pjn ce)lelj|iaj' L<:o5>v)]ic r>o Cobfuc^. DaIa Chobtu)^, 
TOO i^jnc con'i«j)]«Ie le rjKO] co bj ") n-A i"'H'V)]t cjonni 
CO 5ebat) a bpAriijp ]>e a Tfivjbifp. 'i'?.^ If |nt>ci\nrA rmjr, 
Ajt An Xipio], brtp bjtejge '00 V^jg^n cujrto, j^oul ] n-c]l)ti»om 
ATiiA)! rii^b, -j |tcaIa •00 cup 50 l.;05<»)pe rtjji ]')ii, -jTrjocpAt: 
*]P b^^An hajtMie r>oc jrjop, -j ah tah rjocpAp roo VAfA)p, 
luj5p)t) A}p ro (ojJi) roTO c<ojne6, -j le)p pjn rabA)}! pcjAn 
) n-jocr^ A bpon, -j m^b^^ lor m^ pjn e. V^jp ccpjocnv'i j,4t? 
TTi^BrA Lio^Ajpe AnilA)f) p)n le CobfAC '00 Tr»<|bA6 0)l)oll 
^jne niAc Lto^Ajpe Injpc le}p, •] }<| iitj^ATiATh nA n5njom 
p)n 100 puA}p A plAjnrc. Cu^ pop pA repA lenb 65 pA niAe 
T^'0)l]oll ^)ne ro rAbaj^tr x^'a UfAjp, -j -115 Ajjt nij7» t?o 
«".po)tio A A?a]» •) Ti)]p r>o cjiojrse a p^^nArA]; to jfe, -j 
1hc«5 50 n-A lop T30 plo^A-D, •) TAnjc, tDo'n rejprgn fo 
^Ab An letib, ^up biMiar* a vijUAbpA tje, iA)]* nibejr hAJb 
oo, pciojl^p CobcAc iiAjt) t'. rpjAllup AH l^nb .1. '?*.^)Ti, 50 
CopcAXHijbne, ^^\i]^ i;6\hm\]t, pgl ) ipocA]p ScojjtpJAt pA 
IMS f'^^ cc]i]c yy}, 1 cpjAllu]- Ap pjn ro'n FhpAjngc 50 
n<onriK} ro cujcecrAjn m<|^on p]p, Adc gc a ^C)pp loponp, 
)»e p»2ii^Hip v,np Ab ■^o c]i)c vt]mion)A to ciujt?, A^Ap 
yojllpjip Ati brijfjn ro ruAjt) l(')p, z^\\]\ b'c tATtmA )t'j5 
Cjpi^n V, -] ranjc re p^n ^o nt)eA}>nA6 ]»J5 FpAnj;c Ciojpi^d 
^Ugl'US «»]l* * Tiii-.iiirjp ff, •) r>o t'jpjg ]oniAP Aj^jp le)p, 
}onup ^0 rfATijc PC pju 5') pAjbe )ompAc> ^ ojpr^pcAp 
* mop 

' i. c. A person cntiiKd to siicccctl fo tTic fhrone ; for the Iriih Crown was 
nof hereditary. 


was slain by bis own brother, Coffy Cffl-mrii, in Deenree, 
on the ])ordt;rs of the Barrow. Cofty pined away through 
envy of his brother's enjoying the throne, and upon Leary's 
hearing of liis decHning health he went to visit him, accom- 
panied ]yy his guards, ^^'hen CoHy beheld him, he said, 
it was sad that liis brother sljould always be so suspicious of 
him, as not to come into his presence wituout a military 
guard. Not so, said Leary, and my next visit shall be 
private, and unattended by any armed men. lie thereupon 
f.ook his leave of him. In the mean time Coffy advised 
with a Druid, who resided with him, how he should con- 
trive to kill his bf-other. The Druid said, you must feign 
yourself dead, and be put into a Utter as if really so; let 
Leary be informed thereof, who will come with few atten- 
dants to see yon ; and upon coming into the place in which 
vou are, he will lean over your body to bewail you ; then 
stab him with a knife in the lower part of the belly, and 
thus shall he be slain by thee. After having thus dispatched 
J.eary, his son Olioll Ayney was also killed l)y Coffy, who 
after the perpetration of these deeds recovered his health. 
He moreover had a young child, son of OUoU Aync^', 
brought unto iiim, whom he forced to eat a portion of 
the hearts of his father and grandfather, and also to 
swallow a mouse with its j-oung; in consequence of the 
disgust which possessed the child, he entirely lost his 
speech, whereupon Coffy permitted him to be carried 
away. The child, whose name was Mayne, wetit to Corca* 
Duivney, where he for sonie time i*esided with Scoria, 
prince of that country ; from thence he passed into France, 
with nine attendants, though some antiquaries .say he went 
to Armenia. His followers relate that he is heir to the 
throne of Ireland ;* whereupon the French king made 
liim commander of his forces, in which situation he obtained 
great reputation, iusomach tliat hi?;: fame was loudly spoken 

"^ of 


VC. '"^i.i. SGI 8. Do ^alj CoBfac Cs'ol nib]t(^j, mac lu^ajne 
ni6]>i, t>o ijol ejiierhojr, ]ijoi;<\CT: ejiicrir)i]or.\'o bl)<v^(\]ni 
no c;05i\t> r^o jit^))^ lojioin^o cjle. )]- iiimc 503]tfc]» 
CoBfdc Cio! mBjie^ re .1. 50'^ r)»om oo 5aV) c rjit' ynjmiA'o 
]ie ii-<v roiibjirtrajji Lco^Ajfie lope, \<\ ))J5 (^jpen jiojTne 

yola •) yeolii tij'o, j^ujv c.ol e, 'iVvba^ I'pe^ rt]ntn r\^ li<i)re 
;i ii-(\ |tj]Tje n-a V'i!;i.c, v;() rru^dri Col mB]ioz; ajji u^me 
f jii ; ■/ TO an CoBrac jo Ic l.iiV)]tat> lojnjj-ec ] 
nU)n])J5 o)"6cc pcoln^ mop, ^ ^]-x>]o■^^\ a af.j -j a perirtrrtp 
"00 iTiijbaT) le]p |-]on. 

3G4S. Do 5*1) LiBpAo Lo]n5|-£c, m.\.' OjIjolU ><^]ju', 
•00 ]-jol Gjjjpmojn, Jtjo^Acr Gjpt^ii ocr mbljrt^ii* idl-a^. 
Jy e njt) -oi rrajnjj <v Bpea^A-b 50 JiCjpjn 6'»i IFpivjnr ; 
5,pat) t.'az;Tfijvj|-^c ru^ ^OojppjAf, jn^gii S^ojppj^f, pj^ 
cpjce Fcpniojtc, ] Ti-j.?f^ V;,>unmn no, ajp ifit-j'o na clu •/ 
An torrA]y t>o Bj Ajp. Ollriuij^f^p le CpAjyrjne cpujrjpt;, 
o)p]rirec mo 15] y<v'n am yjn ] n-Gjpjjl, pe tMil ] n-A 
t^jAjj oo'n i'hpAjn^c •] ^omat) x>o 5pe)f;)B c^^nAnjlA Icjr, 
ni^jcon pc !;()jo (-(^nnuju, ] n-(\p riocr yj rjo^iijuo a '^]<>5pii)r) 
•DO ^\>lla)^J *j A]p pocrAjn ua FpAjngce ro ClijtAjyrpio yjric^y 
pojjt yjrtjn Ajp a cpiijr; An r^n p^vjnj^ ni<i a pA]lje '^)iiorty 
'j B^ljuy An l<o)-6 coinuju no pjne ^^v>0)p)t]Af, no '^Ji.'blKon ; 
^Abny An U]]»G^ fp luf^apA, ]io lioj]ty]njon ChpAjyrjnc 
c, 50 nruljrt]pr, ^up Bjn le^y An l;o]n, ^ An popr ; "j A)p 
n-A cloy yyi n'A niiijnrjp ■) no CpAjyrjnc, no ^njncnAp 
Jijj; >p*jnw,c yA coitnATii ]'lnA]5 no cAljA]pr, no, ya r^tr, 
TO BuAjn A ciijcc yt;n nnu^c, 'j t;u5 ati pjc; Ijon coTjIii];); 
7».) .J. t»A ctAn A;]i [rijo i-c'-At^, ^j rjijilhijn Ajp inujp, *; 


"" V <oi Hii-'pe^, Cat vtErc'ik, is pror.our.cvd Cf,'.mi:\ 
■]• 'I'iiat i", Corcailiiivupv. 


«f 111 litlund, and a great number of the Irish, in conse- 
quence, Colloued himinto IVance, and remained there a 
hjiig time. 

A.M. 3618. Coffy Citl-mra, son of Ugony tlie Great, 
of the hne of Eirevon, reigned thirty, or according to 
others, fifty years. He is called Cael-niia, from a distenjper 
that preyed upon him, through envy of his brotlier Leary 
Lore, wlio possessed the king<lom before him ; whereby he 
fell into g, consumption, and his flesh and blood wasting 
away, he became qujtc lean and slender (CH,) and from 
Moy Bra, tlie name of the place where lie lay sick, he was 
called Ca-l mBra.* He was slain at Deenree, on Christmas 
eve, by Lavra Lyngshy, in revenge for the death of his 
father and grandfathei", who were killed by him. 

3648. Lavra Lyngshy, son of Olioll Ayney, of the race 
of Eirevon, reigned eighteen years. The manner in 
whicli he was allured to come over to L-eland from France, 
was thus: Moria, daughter of Scoria, prince of the coun- 
try of Fermorcf in the west of Wunster, conceived a violent 
passion for him, on account of the great fame and repu- 
tation he bore. Slie prepared Craftiny the harper, an 
eminent musician who lived at that time in Ireland, to follow 
him into France, with many valuable jewels, antl an ailec- 
tionate ode, wherein she discovers to Mayne the strength 
of her love for him. Craftiny, upon his arrival in France, 
and coming into die presence of P,Iayne, plays an enchant- 
ing air upon his iiarp, which he accompanies with the ode 
composed by Moria lor him ; he was so pleased with Cfafti- 
uy's music, that he declared the ode and air were highly 
delightful to him. U wn his people and Craftiny's hear- 
ing this, they prayed the king of France to assi^it him 
with some forces, for the purpose of recovering his own 
dominions, \\ho gave him (wo thousand two hundred 
troops, with a fleet sufficient to tianspoit them, they set to 



Mj hA)r|t]Oj-c^ 4 lie^ 'd'a j-ccaiAjI), qH]* ^rttarAK cu<vn a^ 
Loc fiApmAn, *) Ajjt T,r]-^ecz 3 trj]* 6ojb yuAjtAT^ fc<^AU 
CoBrAc Ccol mB}ieA5 to Tni]t ] nDpji'j^ ^^o Ti-pmAW 
r>'uA))'I)I) Cj}i^n ) fi-A yocA}]i ah, -j Iqf fin rji).^ilu)r> c» 

rii^bir-j CoftcAft m^ Oiu \\)\- riA hiJA]i-l]13 pn. Jr aR fjn 
■eo }:iAf)>u]3 r]t,o) t)0 b, ]-av) mi)]tu]j,)n, c)A ^o f'jne a>> 
cv^uin j-)n, An l.i]n5|-2,6, a)* ah fe]* Amu)^, An IaIja)]* 
AW lo)nc,re^, rt^iin T>\ij>-\j lABjtAjp, a)i ah y«p o)le, ^onA» 
T*s ]-)n t)o Veri Labjuii'o Lojn^refi ni.j yojtAjnm r>0 'A>h«)ii 
6 f-0)n ]Ilc, *] )\' ]^]y to jioiiA'b lA]5ne l^rAn-gUpA a)}* 
Trup ) n-G))i]n, jouAfi ]mo)i)iA, Uj^ne */ flctA, Aijt a 
mbp)]- c)nTerAn^l4]'A ]A]ni]n, •) 6 iiA lAijnjV) |"}n S*]l^i""^^l* 
LA]i>)ii TO Vu6c Ch6]59o F>hA]l)An, \i}y a J»4)r>co|t c6^^^ 
LA]5cn ] nT]\i. ?t)]t Tn<|ljA'6, )mo]tjJo, ChoBcAj^ Cb<o)l 
mbji5;5 TO LAB]iA]r) lojn^f^^, *] A)p noul ] j-ejllj ejpt*^ 
TO, tejt) ytjTi •] CjujjTCjne cjtujr))ie t>')oni-u)t)e Ajjt 
Cv)ho)|i]i]Af, An \^mn Icj+ cujji^o Cf»A)fCjnc ti'A y)f>|' 
»o'n FhjtAin5c, to phof LABjvajts j, •] )]- j yi |^)05au 
A^^e An ccejn tjo rhAjj^. ))' e yAr yA nr^CAjo V<isOn, 
co'n HijtA)n^c, t)o Bjcjn a ^(0]\ )te ]j)^ FjJAjn^c, ojp yA 
h] ]n^]on \i]t FpAjiigc yA h*2Ji r>' Ju^Ajne iJio]*, -j yi mA^ aj}* 
x5'a cio)Fi .1. La)5A)}ie Lojtc 'j CoUf a6 Col niBpe^, -] itiac 
mjc w)'u L^ogAjne lo{»c y)n LaV))»a~c l<)j^5|•m^, 5<jnA rjic 
n-A gvol pe FjtAriaCAjU to cu4)X5 A)p a ccojmji^oe. ^ifnlj^^ 
i-')le yoy yA r\Teci]X> loQ'n FhpAin^c, yec t>ul ) crjjt ejle, 
tvo bii]5 ^o jJAibc ]ufi cjrire coTnbA)t5e ]T]\i L^]p^]Y) ] 
¥\^*^\^v^i]h; to hpis )rnoY\K^, l«An cjiice CA^At) a^ gAC 
v6)Z,cp ] n-C)]i^n oo"n lejt /:a11 rt'TAjfj^e, ni^j a ta p)]» 
fUriujb Xc]',l •] Vdhann]^, pjl^ ycjiAib '-is^uifiAn j SaxAn, 
)T]]i llllrA)b -] GAfpAjnji, jtJjjt ClionAcrA)b •) FJhjijocAjnjr), 
■^ )oj}* I.Aj^njb •) FjiAngcAjb J CO ji^))* S^jjjAjn niAc ro)mA 

f Sec page i 2«. 
J Momer.ians, i. c. men of Munster; Ultaniatu, men of Ulster i C»»<Jf/i(J4^, 
nieo of Conachf, and hagcnians, those of Lcinsjtr, 


sea and met with no adventure, until they arrived in 
the bay of Wexford, where, upon landing, they were 
informed that CoiVy, witli a great number of the nobles 
of Ireland, was in Deenree, at which place they anived 
by farced marches, stormed and carried the royalresidence, 
and put CofTy aud all the nobility to death. A Druid, who 
was then in the palace, demanded who it was that executed 
that tragic scene? The mariner, i^^aysaman without. Can the 
marinerspeak, said the Druid? He can, replied theother: and 
from tliese words, I\Iayne was ever after known by the name 
«f Lavra Lyngshy.* By him Lj/tns, (Laighn^J i. e. javelins, 
with broad blue heads of Iron, were first made in Ireland; 
and jfrom these the people of the province of GTilian, now 
Leinster, are called Leinster-men, or Lagenians, at this 
day.f When Lavra- Lyngshy had dius destroyed ColVr 
Cffil-mra, and entered upon the government of Ireland, 
be repaired, accompanied by Craftiny the harper, to 
Moria, who had so affectionately sent Craftiny after him into 
France, to pay her his addresses, and married her, and she 
lived with him all his life. The reason why Mayne went 
into France, was on account of his being related to the 
French king; for the daughter of a king of France was 
married to Ugony the Great, by whom he had issue Leary 
Lore, and Coffy Crcl-mra, and this prince was the grand- 
son of Learj' Lore ; and hence it was tliat he sought the 
protection of the French. Another cause wliy he passeii 
into France, in preference to any other country was, ihatj 
a league of amity and friendship e:^isted between the La- 
genians and the French. There likewise existed a similar 
league betvveeneachoftlie provinces of Ireland and some 
foreign country, us between the O'Xeills and Scots; the 
MomoniansI and English; the Ultonians and Spaniards; 
the Conaciaos and Britons ; and between the Lagenians, 
and French ; as is related by John, .-on of Torna 0'Ma4- 

■^ i. e. The MaritJr •peaki;. 

]-onc u |-. 

C<ijnj5 t)o'n conib*pe t)0 Bj p]]t n>\ c6]5^t)U]13 -j m* 
cjtjocA iiv-jinfa^ore, 50 iiA^Be coprhiijlcr ) n-A mhi'-rtpj)!) 
gtoftpa, lee <i)p Igr, to jiejjJ ah CA]|trei'a •] <vn cunivvjn 
TO Ijj ]te C(j)le ACA. Bjor a yjOj- rt5Ar> <x Vc)5f"0))i, ^iijj 
<»b A)}t Vo}»5 An LAljftujr) Loin^]-) yj a tAjt) a TiiA]]ieri -00 
ii* yjoft LAjjnjlj 00 j-jol G]]iem6]r\, Act 6 NmaHajh 
rAjnj^ 'oo |-lj!)cc Choljf-ujj Cli<:o]l mB]ict;. ^i'^ |o ]'jop 
TiA p]tjoihj-lo]fire rcinjc '00 Laj^ii]!) .j. "Ua Conf^oBA]]* 
FajIjCj 50 n-A ^aBIiij!) Soinjoluj^, CsO)fiAnu]^, utiAtAliijc;, 
B|iAmi]5, "Cac BjoHa FliArjmjv;, Ua l)ii]n, \hx ])]oniii|-A]i;, 
"Ua Dhu]B]r)jj», mujnrf^ft R]A]n, •, jac 50 a 5 Ta)« ^Abliijj 
6 riA ]'lo]nt)l5 j-jn. O Char.ofjt nio)* raii^A-o^j iipjrioii 
^<*)&^"> 5)'^'^'° ^j huA]6 rA]ii;5 '^i.'iAc-'SjollA-PlhirjJAjj, 
6)]i TO j-c^ ]-c ]:e]n '/ CAra)]]i ]te cejle A^ Bj^pj-aI By^c, 
niAC P'jACAo FojBpjc, An cef pAnut) w;lun oeA^ 6 CiiAr^o]]^ 
j-UAp. Da TriAC jniojijio tso 15) a^ ah mByi^j'Al ]'o .1, 
Lu^A]o lo]f I'joTi, -j CoHIa ; -j '00 pojnc'o coj^oo LA)5Pn 
jx>]]i An "ojf ]-]n ; ni<j a tA 6 BheAytBA yo)]\ a^; Lujajt), 
1 <*5 * fljocr, *] 6 BlicApbA ]'j^ a^ ConU j A5 a j-Ijocr. 
SopA A5 fujt)^ni HA niAc j-o, -^ nA itoilA, a ta An jian |'o 
Af An TDUAjn TDA]> a1) TOpAC, " Xiojinj-en^up X;oTn Jilp} 
Faj!." -]c. 

Lii^Ajo ■)]- CuTAa ^An c|)'i->^, 

Da TTiAc 00 Bh]ief a! l)]i»»cnA]i, 

Op)Mi]5e 6 CIiouIa tu ccn^o? 

Lu^AJt) r<^TlACAj]t La]5<?^u. 

O Lui;A]"6 p6f rAnj;Ac^ nmjncf^ji Du]l)^oiH, -j an cii)v;ct> 
^lun 6 CliAtvO]|t puAp pcA[»A]o ycin •) C'Afco])t )io < I'jio. 
Cacco]]! moji, uu(" lc)tii)ni)t5 y;ojiu}i=,lA]|-, rfijc CoitmAjc 
B^lrA B^or, ir.)c XjacojiI) iii)f: Concojtb. 'i\iM- tjo'n 
Concoi»l) fo CA]]ibpc Chi]fe<'-Aili, 6 }fu]l 6 Dnibp]]*, •; 
6 Nv\f/), mAC CftjoiiirAjn, nijc Cua Chjni'^lu]^, An ]-<?crniAr> 
^lun 6 ChAf,0)ii A noAp, 'An5Ao^ nui]nr»^l» RjAjn. ?(n 



conry, Chief Professor and Arch-OlKiv, or doctor of anli- 
quities in Ireland. 

From this ititcrcourse between the provinces and the 
aforementioned countries, ai'ose a resemblance of manners 
according to the friendship and affection ihey entertained 
for each oiher. The reader is to understand, that all the 
original tribes of Leinster, of the race of Eirevon, are 
descended from Lavra Lyngshy, except rhe O'Nolans, who 
are of the posterity of Coffey Cacl-mra. The following 
are the principal families of Leinster, viz. O'Connor of 
Falgy, with the branches sprung from him ; Cavanaghs ; 
Tooles; Byrnes; Mac-Gilla-Patrick; O'Dun; O'Dempsey ; 
O'Dwycr; the llyans, and all the branches that descended 
from these fuaiilies. From Cahecrthe Great, proceeded 
the greater })ait of the families of Leinster ; but Mac-Gilla- 
Patrick is not of his race, for the branches separated at 
Brasal Brae, son of Fiacha Fovric, fourteen generations; 
before Cahcer the Great. This Brasal had two sons, namely, 
Looee Lohin, and Conla, i)etween whom the province of 
Leinster was divided. Looee, and his descendants, had 
ttU that part east of the Barrow, and Conla and his posterity, 
all west of it. These sons, and this division, are thus no- 
ticed in the following linesj from the poem begiiming, 
^' The acts and lives of Saints of Fal." 
Looee and Conla famed, 
Two sons of Brasal Bracnar, 
Ossory belonged to Conla of wounds, 
Looee was ancestor of the Lagenians. 

From Looee descended the O'Dwyers, who were di- 
vided from Cahecr the Great, in the fifdi generation before 
him. Cahecr the Great, was son of Feilim FirurMas, son 
of Cormac-(/alta-Gaih, son of Niacorb, son of Concoib ; 
Carbry Cluhacar, from whom the O'Dwyers, was the son 
of this Concorb, and from Nah3', son of Criffan, son of 
Enna Kinshela, the seventh in descent from Caheer the 
Great, are descended the Ryans. From Coffy Ca;I-mra, 

VOL, L K k the 


txvp* TTiv^c teriA, 'o')u5A3ne tfi6)t, <i)\^ <v rrajn^^ fljocr .1.. 
CoBrac c\ol mbjtei,, ]f <\]]t <v jljocc a "ajtd y)o[ cCu)vJ 
«)Ie, }t)}p Fhj<»e.\ir) SjiajBrjiie j Cocajo Dojifil^jri, 1 ^^t 
c]kob cojljnei-* ejle fAj> jriif 6 Clion, ftiiiA]! cujjty^.'^ 
]')o]' lOvV e)|' yo ] ccitioftfc<:o)l^t> riuvc %jle-6. 

Leu^ca]! ajft LaBjiAjo Lo)n5|'ec, 511)1 cuttia cIuai- 
cctvpujll no bj A]fi 4 cluAj-^jb, -j ujmc p)n gac <:oti 00 lijoi) 

mbjAo y]o\- ^^^\ hajnme j-}!! Aj^e, tuv <»-5 ^oii c}.!e. Fa gnrtr 

le)]' jmopp*, 6 yojn -no bej^jiAt) ^i^oa blja^rnv, m^ <v '<y 

<v mbjot) 6 Ti-A t)iv clu(V)p j-joj' •o'a 5pui\]5 to fgpcrt"6 '6e ; 

yA h(?]5)on c]tAnc()]» t)o ciiji, tx* yio]- c-)* "oa ]JO)cye"6 <vn 

Jt35 X30 V)e,)»}nv6 Jaca bljA^iiA, tjo bjtjj; 50 ccl^crAo bAf 

»o rAljA]}tr; r-o ^ac <on oa rnljoltjiAr) e, Act c^nA rujrey 

An cjiAHcop Aip ion TiTAc bAjDrjicbruj^e ©0 Bj } Ti-e|tJ^ o 

h^JD' T ] *b *FJU5*"o I'^JiTi pe Vonsphop- <»n jtjg, •] m^ 

t>o cua1a]6 yj An cfiAUcoii t>o riijrjm Ajjt a mAc, tanjc t)0 

^ujoe An }^j5 AjA jAjijtujt) ajji c;An a iKOnriiAc to bAyu^At>.. 

•] 50 pA]b t<ob j>]r TO yljocr. &^ll»vy <vn pj^ ^An An niAC 

t)0 rfi^bAT TA nT^jinAT |tun Ajjt An nJT to cjycT, ^ ^An <v 

ftocrAT TO ii(^c 50 bAy, 'j ]<} mbejJjiAT An ]>J5 To'n TfiAca)ni, 

TO bj coj»mAc An jtu)n y]n A5 yJATAT j n-A cojtp, 5u]t 

b'e]5^n TO be)f ] luJTe orjtujy, 50 n«c 4 ^aB lej^ey A]]* 

bjor 5|4c)m t^^, ^ A]}t mbejr j [jat ] ccjjojlj^e to, rjg 

T]un) Tej^euh6 t'a yjoy, *] ]i"'jy]oy t'a niAtAjp 511)1 Ab 

roitniAc ycejl )tunTA yA HatB^ ^J^'Jf ^^' 1 "*^ b]A)T yVctn 

50 nocrAo A jtujn to tiJT ^]5]n, */ A TubAjjtt ytjy, 6 to Bj 

T'y)ACA)b A])i 5*^ * t*^^'' "°o tiocrAT to Tujne, tuI ] 

cconi5<} ce]r)te |>)An, 'j rjlI^T <\yn a VA]rn Tejy, -j^An ccat- 

c)tAf) to rcj^oTfiAT TO t'ajaHttia "] A |tun TO T«^]59n )t)y. 

Jy e CL-AT citAfi rA)ilA to, )'0j1i^;c riiup, ^uji Ve]5 a jii'm 

]t]A ; le]y y]n yc(')r)oy An ro))i)tc)oy cjnjy to bj ) n-* 

l»)»0)ri, 50 )u\)b(! ylAn to Tata])* a^ y)lIcT 50 r^c a riiAr<j 

**) A]y t6. Vicr c^nA 50 5)iot ta cjy jjn tA)tlA ^ujt 

bjiji^eo c)mj- Chjujytjne, *] r^'jo t'jajijiat Aob^ cjni)-e, 


tli6 second son of Ugony the Great, who had issue, pro- 
ceed all the race of Conn, as well Fiacha Sravtiny, and 
Eohy Dui\ lein, as every other branch that descended from 
Conn, as we shall observe hereafter, in the Genealogy of 
the Milesians. 

It is related of Lavra Lyngshy, that his ears resembled 
those of a horse, wherefore every person who cut his hair, 
was instantly put to death, that nobody else might know of 
this defect. It was customary with the king to have himself 
shaved annuall}-, from the ears downwards. Lots were cast 
to deternjine who should perform this service, because each 
person so employed, was put to death. The lot however 
once fell upon the only son of an aged widow, thi.t lived 
near the royal residence ; who upon hearing it, repaired 
to the king, and beseeched him not to put her only son to 
^eath, and thatshehad nootherissue. The prince promised 
the youth shouid not be put to death, provided that he 
would keep secret what he wrs about to see, and never 
disclose it to anyone till the hour of his death. After the 
youth had shaved the king, the secret so operated upon 
him, that he became very sick, and no medicine had effect 
upon him. In this state he remained a, considerable time, 
until a learned Druid came to visit him, wlio told his mother 
that a secret was the cause of his distemper^ and that, until 
he discovered it to something, he would not recover health, 
and desired him, as he was under obligation not to discover 
it to any person, to go unto the meeting of four roads, 
and turn unto the right, and to salute tlie first tree he should 
meet, and to divulge his secret to it. The first tree he met 
wasalarge willow, to which he madehisdiscoveiy, and imme- 
diately the sickness that so much oppressed him vanished, 
and he was perfectly well upon his return to his mother's 
house. It happened, shortly after, thatCraftiny broke his 
harp and went to look for matej.ials for another, and by 



50 tc^ph An tpojl|^ccet>i-i)j ]t-\i Tcjj ni>u- n^ l!>\]nr]icr)fu)5ie 
4 jiun, "po, -J benaj- d'olj^ c]iujre <v]| 01', -j ^^]}^ nibejt n'laura 
©o'n cjuijc-j j ^Ic^iTii, lr)^j ro ]'jn C']iajp]iie iijji]*^» )r?.^ 
to j'cnjlt;) lej]- ^^c n-con ra ct lnjnott j, ^ujJ <^h oc <v -peiiijop 
<vn cjnijr ,1. <'t>(i 6 phjll jrojt l.rtl)]ifl)6 lojic" .1. lort clua))' 
CApujU <ij]v Lv^bjuvo lojnjj'ec, j ■^^c^ liijonca to ]")neo <\]\v 
An ccjui^r j-jn, ^p d An iijo certDHA no ruj"5fj uA)ce, -] ajj* 
cclop All pejl ]')Ti t>o'ri jtj^, t)0 ^aT) Ajrmejle ^' t]ie n-<i 
^*r")SS'^ '!^o OiOjnjlS Jejf, A5 ve)\z ^^^ liAjnme yjn t>o T)'j 
<*11S T rAjyb^nup a cIuaj-a oj- <j-o ■co'n toi;lAC, -j iijoji 
cu]}t cejit 6 y-ojn attiac ojijia. "Sjoor ]p iHio m^pijm An 
cujOf-j co'n pceAl 00 15e]f 3 u-a yjriicc'Al ] jljo^crA, jn* 
ii-A ycAjft Y)mit- 

^(. '^<i. 3666. Do gAb ^ejl^e ^^OolbrAc, niAc CoBruj^ 
c<»jlml)]ic5, ]i]o^Acx Ojiicn j-ecc inbljA^nA "cca^, gu)! 
riijc le ^siogcojjb. 

3*73. Do gAl) %05co]ib, niAc C()bf;u]5 c.ojrii, to ]-1]oc« 
Gjbjjt, pjo^Act Cjjiefi ]-ec- mbljA^nA. Jj- ii)me 50)jtfc]t 
^Oo^cojtb 'oe, A}]i nibejr •o'a ttiac ) cc<}bAX5 U n-.;on, b]»)ir)j» 
bAll t>o'Ti c^bAt), ^ cojjj'j^roii le ^Cio^cojib c, gonA ^Itt'j' 
<\n jifejom yjn tJOOeAnAifi -o'a itiac •cAjib'Ajnm coitl) 50j]<rg|| 
'^Oogcojib •oe ; ■)t>o tujr le h^^on^u]- OIIatti. 

3680. Oo JAb ?Con5U)- ollAni, nuc Ojljolbi B}»ACA]n, to 
f-jol ejneniojn, jijo^Acc Gjj^^n ocr mbljA^nA tCa^, 311]^ 
tu)r le Ipejieo. 

3G98. Do ^Ab ])ie}ieo FArAC, mAc '^Ciejl^e ^(bolbfuj^, 
]ijo^ACt G]]ien j-gcc niblja^nA. Ip iijnie foOj}ifo|t )[te]>e() 
T' ATAc TO, X30 bj»J5 ^^ l^<*)b r^' yarAniA]!, 5-;n|-nis| ; -j pv 
t>c]](eT TO riijc i^e le F^]tco]>b. 

3705. Do gAb f"£|tcoj»b, niAc 9ti()5A-6ii]]ib, JijogAcc 
Cjjiofi ton bljAJAm tcaz;, ^iijv criji; le CohIa, 

37 IC. Do^aIj ConlA c)tuA]T c^Ijat, niAc l)Uiieo V^rAjj, 
}ljo5A^^ Oj]ion cc]f jte bIjAJnA, ^n]\ .ij- ] TLt^miiujj;. 

3720. Do ^Ab O)l)oll (•(i)-j.-)Ac!AC, mAc CdnlA, lijo^Acr 
jC-j'|;f<ricuiJ^b!).\5nA yv'^r^, 511)1 iuy Ic lAYcAniAjji folroiojn. 

'^. '^<i. 37-1 j. 


chance made choice of the very willow, to wliich tlie wiclow'*s 
sijii luid divulged his secret, and tVom it made an harp, 
which when made, and strung, and playetlupon hyCrattiny, 
was conceived, by every person who heard it, to say, '< two 
ears of a horse has Lavra Lyngshv;,'' and as often as played 
upon, prodiLced the same bounds. Upon the king's hear- 
ing this he repented of the number of people that were 
put to death in order to conceal his deformity, and there- 
upon openly exposed his ears to the household, and never 
concealed them afterwards. Tliis however, I conceive to be 
ratlier a romantic tale, than genuine history. 

A. M. 3G66. Melgy Molva, son of Coffy Cscl-mra, 
reigned seventeen years, and was slain by Mow-corb. 

3C7:i. Mow-corb, son of Coffy Ca.v, of the race of 
Eiver, reigned seven years. His son, whose name was 
Corb, was driving once in his chariot, when it broke down, 
and was repaired bj- the father, and from this assistance, 
yielded to his son, he is called Mow-corb. He was killed 
by ^ngus-Ollav. 

3680. ^ngns-C)lI;iv, son of OlioU Bracan, of the race 
of Eirevon, ruled the kingdom of Ireland eighteen years, 
and fell by Irereo, 

3698. Irereo the Vv'ise,* son of Melgy Molva, reigned 
seven years. He is sirnamed Fahach or the Wise, in con- 
sequence of hisjudgment and wisdom. He was at length 
slain by Farcorb. 

370.f. Farco.b, son of Mow-corb, reigned eleven years, 
and was killed by Cgnh. 

3716. Conla the deceitful, son of Irereo the Wise, 
reigned fom* j-ears. He died at Tara. 

3720. OlioU Crooked tooth, son of Conla, reigned 
twenty-five years. He fell by Ayamar. 

A, M. 3745. 

* Mc. Curtin a;ul most Mss hsve lar anr-glco- fdthjch, but I chi^se rather 
to follow the be^t copies, andlhe books of Lecan and Ballimote, whifbjisve 
Jrere? Fathach, 


^. %. 3745. Do 5aB v^tJAm^] Foltc^pi, m<\c F)]itn)]ih, jijo- 
SACcCjji^ncujgblja^n*, ^ujrrujrptqeheoca^rFolrlerAn. 

3750. Do ^ab GocAjo Folrlecdn, niAc Ojljoll.v cA)f rj,i- 
c1a)5, !ij05*cc e)]tcri <on bIjAJajn "ocAq ; ^n]i ru|- le 

3761. Do 5v\l) F(^]tgu]' Fc;*i-Arii4]l, mAc Bji^j-ajl 
Biteo5<vm<\]n, rhjc vvon^nj-rt OlUnian, xso yyA ^ji'?"'oin, 
]tjo5Acr Pjlioii 'O'^ o'J'^BaJ'i ^^'»&- h' "P''''^ b*^)l*^£l^ ^^11511] 
FojftAniivjl -6c .1. but) Icocda U)t))]t yojjtrjU t', j n-A ^^jrni'j]^ 
jrejn, ^ajt rujc le h-^vOTijU)- ruji»mec. 

3773. Do^Ab^tonjuj' cu)]nfiec, nidcGo^Ajri yojltljjrAjn, 
jtjoJAcr G)}ien rjijocAtJ bl)t\^A]n, no ]-e['cA'c bl)vv^<i)n tjo 
jiejjt t>jto)n5c ejlc, Jj^ ujme bO]jifQ]» *^onc;u]' tUjjiTnec 
'be, o]]\ but) cujinfiec .1. h<x najjiec ]i]|' ^n m»\c jijne l«c 
T1-* jnsjn yt-jn tjte rhejpce .1. Fjacajc Fe]* rrxvpA A]Tim ah 
mjc rjn. J I' u)mc ^0]]nei[i FjvVCAjt* Fg^p m(\]iA -oc, ro bjij^ 
^n]t <\b <v)}4 mn]]t r»o cujjiev ) ccu]u6*n c, m<j t^jplju^Ao 
*]!*> b^ fe6t)A)b uA)]'le n-(v fjmcjoU bA ]naifiA]l co mrtc 
1*)5 ; 50 trA]ikt5^ )A]XA)|i£^A It]]', 50 rrugA-o.:} ] tr])t e, 
•] gujt cu]]i£'o.j ft]iv 0]IeTTiu]n 6. Do Bj yoj- mAc ]ie n-A 
liin^] phofOA Ag '?('on5;u]' Cu]|tm^c, CRa 9(]5n]oc -jta hApm 
•CO, *) }p UA]r) rAii^Afii ]']ol (•Cu]n U]le. ?^S<»f "oo m^bAo 
v^0Ti5U]' pe]n } rcoTf)]m]r,, ^o^^^\ 6 n-A lii^jbA-o ] r'Cenij»u]5 
5A]|tre]t ^^onju]' Cu]]ttfiec UenijtAc r>e. 

3803. Do ^aB CohaU CollArh]tAc, itiac G]n]}ipceo]l 
CpnijtAc, tjo f"']ol G]yieri)6]n, jijoJACt Gjjt^n cu]5 BIja^tia ; 
t,a)t ru]!: le Njao S£5Amu]ii. 

380S. Oo ^aB N]a~6 .Se5Ani\i]n tdac ^■6AinA]]i Folrc^ojn, 
Ii]05Acr G]]ten j'^cc mbljA^riA. f y ii]mc SO)}tf e]> !^C5'^'Tiu]n 
•oe, joriAU ]-e5Amu]n ^ ]-ectTi<:0]n(^c, 6]jt yA m6}» aii Bjit;]]' 
rh^ojne i>o j-eoc cac, m<} rjb^lf ti* hcjlbe aUfa co taBajjip 
lActA 50 conpA ATTiA]! 5AC bo]n e]le j ti-G])J]u, rjie t^ji^ojj^CT; 
ATfiArAjt .1. Fl]ot)U]p AhAjnni; 'jt50cu)t;]'e Ic h-GfiA ?^]5i)(^6. 

3815. Do 5aB GfiA ^^l^riei, m^c ^onguyA Cu]jnii]5 
Xem)iAci;']05'tccGj]i^riGcrmbl]A5nA y]i:etj. )yi']Tne50])tfs,)» 


A. M. 3745. Ayamar, of soft hair, son of Farcorb, 
reigned five years, and was slain by Eohy. 

3750. Eohy, of bushy hair, son of Olioll Crooked tooth, 
ruled eleven years. He was killed by Fergus. 

3761. Fergus the Mighty, son of Brasal Brovin, son of 
.^ngus Ollav, of the line of Eirevon, was monarch of Ire- 
J'and twelve years. He is called jNIighty, because he was 
a strong, heroic, and mighty man. He was slain by iEngus 

3773. i^ngus Toorvey, son of Eohy, of bushy hair, 
governed the kingdom thirt}', or according to other authors 
sixty years. He was known by the name of yEngus Toor- 
vey, on account of the shame he conceived for begetting, 
in a fit of drunkenness, a son by his own daughter. This 
son was named FiachaFermara, and was so called from being 
exposed to the mercy of the sea, in a small boat, vvidi many 
valuable jewels about him,, as became the son of a prince : 
he was met with and taken up by some fishermen, who 
brought him ashore, and put him to nurse. He had also a 
legitimate son named Enna Ayney, from whom are 
descended all the posterity of Conn, ^^ngus was 
slain in Tara, and thence is called ^Engus Toorvey of 

3803. Conall Collavra, son of EdirskeolofTara, of the race 
«f Eirevon, reigned five years. He waskilledby Neea. 

3808. Neea Sheyaman, son of Ayamar, of soft hair, 
swayed the sceptre s€ven y^ars. He acquired the name 
of Sheyaman, because his property u'as greater than that 
of any other person ; for, by the magic powers of his 
mother Fleeyus, the wild hinds came, and gently yielded 
their milk for him, like cows. This prince fell by the 
hands of Enna Ayney. 

3815. Enna Ayney, son of yEngus Toorvey of Tara, 
n»led the kingdom twenty-eight years.; from his great libe- 


Gm9^)JTieA ie, ptiitfi ^i'j^nec '] 65 ejnec, .1. jomlftn, 
0]]\ ro Bpouvvo 5AC np ra nibjo-o j n-A Tajiii, -j t)0 tujc ]|-e 
le Cjijomfrtn CofcjiAc. 

?<". ^i,\ 3843. Do5Al>C}i)OTfifafiCo]^c|tAC, ttiac Fe]t)l)m]'c 
Fo]pr]t]U]n, rfijc Fep5U|-A Fojt-ftni<v]l, jij^tAcr Gj}ten 
yect mbljft^TKv. Jp ujmc Bojpf^^it CjijoinrAn Coj-cp<vc 
t)e, <\)]t d riijorca "TO Bejpet^ biKtjt) coj-ca]]*, •] corhlcijri, j]' 
5*6 crtt ) n-(\ rre^TTKVo, ^n]i fujr le Rii^]iu]^e. 

3850. Do z,:,\i Piii^impe, mac ^jif'PiB^N ''')C ^u]B, niji 
Fomcvjjt, rh]c^)]i5PTmA]]i, do j-Ijocr ]}i liijc'^Cbjlp-o, iJjogacr 
6)]i(^n rpjOCrtt? bl]<\^<i]n, no t>o )'u']]t r}»n]nK,c 0]lc 
yecrmo^A-o mbliA^nA, no 50 ipi](\]]t bA]- ] n-^^jji^jr^ljon. 

3880. Do ^ab )onvirni<:j, inAc Njat) ^e^Aniajn, p'j'i^i'.cr 
Gjjign rji) bl]<v5na, ^u]t ru]r Ic B]iej-<il B6r]ob<v]r!. 

3883. Do ^Ab B]ioi-al Boojobvijf, itiac Ku5]ni]x)e, t>a 
f-l)0Ct J]i, |i]o^(\cr G)](en ^n T)l]<\j;Ain Tca^. Jj- ujme 
^o)|tfg|t Bjie]-*! Bo-ojobAjt? •be, .1. b6>^]t m6]t fajild j 
n-6j]i]n ] n-<\ pK^jre]-, j ro rii]r rtn B]io[-ol j-o ]ie Lu^Aj'a 

3894. Do 5.\b Li'iJAj-o LuAj^nc, nnvc b^na'oinAjif, jijo^ACtr 
€)]i£n cu]5 Bl)A^nA, ^ii]f tu]z le CohaH Cl<|in5nec. 

3899. Do^AbConrtll CI<|]nc;ii^c, iriAc Ru5|m)r!e, ]tjo5<ic- 
Gjjtg^ri cu)5 bi]i\i,ni\ 'oeAj;, ^ii]! t-h]^ Ic Ouac., 

3914. Do i,Ab DuAc DaIIca Oc5A]f, niAc CA)]ibjic 
Lu)fc-, iTi]C Luj^rioc LiiAi^no, jtif^^Acr Gjjien -oejc 
TnbljA^nA. )i- ii]i!ie 5;')lK-e|t Ouac DaIIta Oo^aj-o tic, 
t)i mAc "00 bj fl^ CA])il)pe Lnpc .1. Duac -j De^Ajt) <» 
Ti-AnniAnA, 1 -oo bj jmjtr;] ah crojtyiA pA 1'»J05acc n-Gj]ion, 
6]]^ bA bjn^inA)! m^ n'6b.| i'ii5 ^ac uiac ojob, a]]i -ocjlb •/ 
<»)|t 'oeAnATfi, A]it ^njoih 1 A))t B^'^li"'^'!;!^ > SJ'^S^ '^'^ ^<'5<*)I* 
D^^Ajo, An niAc; yA hoj^e t)o'n r]]-, Tecr ]:a bjiA^Ajo a 
"6£]ibiur<j bA pne jn* e |:c]n .1. Duac. ^n tAn at c riAjjtc 
Duac ah njo j-)n, 00 on]]i r^crA uai-6 <i]|t cen a rojibliAC^ 
.1. U^^Ajt), tanjc DcA^AjTi 50 ii-Ajjini a pAjb Duac, ] m<j 


rality and bounty he obtained the name of Ayney, for he 
bestowed every thing that came to his hands. He feU by 
Criffan Cosgra. 

A. M. 3843. Criffan Cosgra, son of FeHm Fortroon, son 
of Fergus the Mighty, reigned seven years. From the 
many victories he obtained, in all the battles he fought, 
he acquired tlw name of Cosgra. He was killed by 

3850. P.ury, son of Sithry, son of Duff, son of Fow&r, 
son of Argedvar, son of Sheerlav, of the line of Ir, son of 
Mila, governed the kingdom thirty, or as others say, se- 
venty years. He died in Argedglen. 

3880. Inadvar, son of Neea Sheyavan, reigned three 
years. He \vas-4til!ed by Brasal Bo yeeva. 

3883. Brasal B6-yeeva, son of Rur}, of the lina of Jr, 
reigned eleven years. A great mortality of cows happen- 
ed in his reign,, and thence he is sirnamed Bd-yeeva. 
He was slain b}' Looee Looney. 

3894. Looee Looney, son of Inadvar, reigned five 
years. He was slain by Conall Clarigna. 

3899. Conall Claringna, son of Rurj-, reigned fifteen 
jcmrsy and was slain by Duach. 

3914. Duach Dallta-Daee, son of Carbry Lusk, son of 
Looee Looney, enjoyed the throne of Ireland ten years. 
The reason why he was called Dallta-Daee was this ; 
Carbry Lusk had two sons, namely Duach, and Daee ; a 
contention arose between them for the sovereigntj-, for 
each was in mien, person, achievements, and valour, 
qualified to govern ; yet Daee resolved upon giving oppo- 
sition to his elder brother, Duach. When Duach perceived 
this, he sent a messenger for his brother Daee, and when 
he came into his presence, he caused him to be seized, 
VOL I. Li and 


{t^\}n]c CO l'4C(Vi]i, b<»Bf^ le Diuc v, ^n]\ ^qt\ a -ca fu)I Ap 
50 ]t4)Be n-A oaU do rAtA]ji, 5011* 'ce fjn jiiijnjc, Duac 
I>AlltA DcA^A]^ m^ irojiajnm a]1». Do riijc An Dua6 |-o 
le FaccTia ]:acAC. 

3924. Do 5a1j FrtcrnA FrtfAC, mAc Ca]j-, to jrljoct J]!, 
jijo^Act G]}ion j-u bljA^riA tJL'A^, 5ui» fu).t le liGocAji 

3940. Do 5aB GocAjt) Fe)t)l)oc, mac Fli]u, -oo j-jol 6)i»2.- 
mo)Ti, ]i)05ACc G)}i£fi ca bljA^Ajn pca^, BejnjA, 3115^11 
Ch]i]oififA)ri, iDAf Ajp GocAjt) Fej'pljof . ly ujme bO]|tfcl> 
CocA]-6 Fo]t)l)oc -be, to y)]t)i, 50 ]JA)&e oputt Ajf An Ail, joriAn 
jmo}t)iA, pi'jTi]! •] yArA, pnAU yoy uc 1 ()|T1a, u]me yin )y 
)onAn pL-]t5l)oc •] yci-c)luc .1. i^at> opi>u' ; 6]\i n')o]t -ccj^lujti 
oj-nujo pe n-A cpope 6 '00 m^^At) a ttiaca lejf ) ccAr 
DhjfOTnA- cii]A]t) 50 RruAjit ]:e)n bA]-. Na t]ij F)nemnA 00 
50]]tr3 TOO iiA itiacajB fjn, B]ter> Na}i, ) LocA]t a n-ATiinAfiA. 
1]- ujme 50}]»r^]t iiA t jtj Fjiii^mnA njoB, 6'n yocAlj-o, Airiasn, 
•ei •cjukugA'o DAC n-A 4on^ l^Hb*^ ngc aca, A6t gu]! Ab ) 
n-conj^^r i^u^AcjA'D, -j Clojrirjon ]n5en GocAj-oUcrlj^tAp, 
fA nnvUA)]i t)0)b, ^ ti'<:on-ro]]i'Bo|tT: jtu^ f] ]Ar. )j- e An 
t-GocA)D Fejoijoc fo no pop 'j no oltnuj^ Coj^gnujg aj}» 
e)|i}n A!]]t ttu]', 6-)j» T5(y jiojn ye coj^^n ChonAct n-A zp) 
mjjtjb, ]n]]» vp]<i.t F]ot>A6 uiac F^)^, GocAjn ^'Ur, ')i:)ne 
mAc ConjiAC, AmAjl a ■ouBitAm4 ruAp Cu^ pof c6]^£t) UIai* 
t»' Fh2.it5Uf, nrjAC Lejne. Zw^ c^j^en LAj^^n no IIoj-a, 
mAcF^p^ufAITAjiiQe. Cu^nA c6)5^n%nriiAn no Chj-^^itnAd 
t^AnloAfiAd, T no OhcAgup ; pruij- guii 6:u)]t Gjjte pv n-A 
I'fhAcc •] fA n-A 6j»nu5An pi^-jn ^o hpmlAn A))t yen a p'^J^JF' 
5u|» tujc 3 TCcni]U]^. ^'ct 6cnA T(-\r) GoiA]n )^ j-jn ) 
cConA6cu]I5, ^ rjjjn nA r)>'] )»j j y)n, *) rj^j jvaHa ChonAdc 
) n-A nA)l ; no y\pp GocA)n pnAn lon5phu)lic j*)o^ ] 
cCofiAdrAjb oppA no pejn, a nvjbA)pr Go^Ajn ^^Ut -j Fjn^^i 
nA6 rr]oB)»Ar;ci)|- yc)n y)n ro, -j bll^ ^>'F£M> '^'o * ^PT "t * 
cuaI^'ji- no tup iii)5e 50 r^rn)»A)jx 5F<i^ F<^ *^^)^ ^^ ^J''® 



B-ntl had both his e^'.es put out ; hence he acquuetl the name 
ef Dallta-Diiee, i. e. " he who hnndcd Daee." This 
Duach was killed at last by Factnathe Wise. 

3924. Factna the Wise, son of Cas, of the race of Ir, 
reigned sixteen years. He fell by Eohy Feileach. 

3940. Eohy Feileach, son of Finn, of the posterity of 
Eirevon, reigned over Ireland twelv-e years. Benia, 
daughter of Crift'an, was the mother of tWs prince. He 
was long-addicted to sighing, whence he is sirnamed Feileach. 
/Y'ii^/i// signifies long, iuid Mc/i a sigh, therefore Feidhlioch 
(Feileach) i. e. Feidhiluch, means long sighing; for a sigh 
never parted from his heart, since his sons were slain by 
him, at the battle of Dromcree, until his death. These 
sons, namely Bras, Nar, aiid Lobar, were called the 
three Finnavnas ; and are so called from the word, amhaon, 
which signifies that neither of them was born separately, 
hut the three at once. Clohfinn, daughter of Fob}', the 
broad-breasted, was the mother of these princes, and 
bore thera at one birth. Eohy Feileach was the first who 
divided, and formed provinces in Ireland; for he divided 
Conacht ipto three parts, between the three following 
persons; Feeyagh, sonof Feig; Eohy Alat, andThinny, 
son of Conr}-, as mentioned before, (page 133.) The 
province of Ulster he bestowed on Fergus, son of Leid ; 
the province of Leinster on Ross, son of Fergus Fargy ; 
and the two provinces of MunsteronTiycrnach Tcdvanach, 
and Daee ; and thus, during his reign, he had Ireland 
under his own sole dominion and controul, until he died 
at Tara. After this, Eohy went into Conacht, and was 
met by these three princes, and the people of the three 
divisions of Conacht. Eohy requested from them a place 
in Conacht, whereon to build himself a palace, and is 
refused by Eohy Alat, and Feeyagh, who declared that 
they preferred sending him his rent and tribute to Taraj 
y£.t the third of these prjnces, Thinny, son of Conry, 



iViAc Con)!Ac .1. (vn rY^y }■£)» rjoBjonat! loiij;pl)U)]ir to 1^o"|t 
<»5 GocA]"6. Tuj^ Goci»jt) «^ jnjjon jejn .1. '^O^^arV) n-A mn,o] 
CO (Chjfie 1 00 cen^Ur^ c4]i»r>c|' ]ie cejle. Do pjt^Vl'A]^ 
6oc*)o {.-ejrljoc Xi\\ r)|JvO)r)lJ ca]z <i iirL-Andt) loTi5pho)jr, 1 

|<A)r>rejt CjtuACdjn. Do r)on|'cnAt> ah |')n, An )>rtjf leji- an 
n5AifiATi]tu]6 6 lojtjmp DoiiinAjfi ^ "oo i^jiiooAi* clojo n* 
jiACA ]']Ti CocAjt) ) n-con 16, 

Do ]t)Tijot5 ]:o)|i5n]om )A]i yjn ']nre, -) ri'^ 6ocrt|t> ]ijo]^«cr; 
Choriftct no Zh]T\e mrtc Conjtac, -) r>o phoj- a )ri5)on yejn 
.1. %et)B, ]J)f. Do mAjtB Tjne Goca)-© 9(Ur r^ c]f fin, ^ 
rug )t)5e DomnAfiAC r)'0)l3ll fjofi. Tug, jmoitjiA, ^^^i^tili 
cenuf jtATA GocAjt; 00 ChytuAcajn Cii]to)t)C))»5 .1. mar A)jt 
<?C»he)6Be yejn, *j jp 6'r cCjtu<v6<j)ii fjn goiytfe]* Cjtu4CA]n 
TO Rajo CpurtCdn ) nt;)u. 

Do Bj '^(.Je'olj ft {fft-o nft t)3A]t) j-jn ti-<\ mn;o) ftg Tjfie mae 
ConjJrtc, gujt tu]Z pe ] rremj^u)]^ t)o V*)m '?Choiiu)t)]]i r)'* 
T-,50]}tf-] rriAc Cect. Do bj ^(ieolj xsejc mbljAgPA ] jtjge 
Chofirtcc o'ejf X)A]j Chjne riijc Cotijiac, ^ah pcjp Ic y^jt 
A)]t b]c op ^r, ftCo 5AC ]:^]i, oy )y^\, "oa ]-Ancu]55^r) j:c)m 
■oo \if]t A)cc. Cu5 %et5lj Ojljoll mojt nwc RopA RuAp 
■CO LAjgnjB, m<j cejle ]<j pjn, ^j }tug pj "i6jif'e}]'P]« ttiac t>o 
.1. TiA ]'ecc >iiA]ne, 1 )[" c CopaII CeytiiAC, ajt^ mbeji 
n-A fenojjt ] cCjiuacajti, 00 rhA]ib OjljoU t5'u)tc<j to 
^A], -) IgiHijo y]]t ConACC e pejh, ■] th^Bajx) d-a p)oI 

)f fAtJA, liTIOjtJtO, 100 Bj COgAiP ') co)nBljo6t jtjjp 
C'hon4cru)B •] Ullrrtjb, pe \f\ %he}iobe rio be]r j ccenAj' 
C'boTifliir, 'I CoTicubA)]tT)0 Y)c]t ii-a jtjg ITIa-6. lornip c^^da, 
51) nibf]'; y]0|' yACA tia hopvonrA tA]tlA ero]i)iA AgAr, a 
VcA^io}]!, cu)]iyeo pjop am pom^V)A-6 cUfi U^pripc r<j j-Iaiiap 
no r^ 6o]m)}ice Khoji^upA mjc Roj^, *] Cho]miA]c Cojnlopv 
tCf' 1 ^^bubfA]5 r<:ol Ukt) 


consented that Eohy should have a place rv hereon to build 
a royal residence. Eohy thereupon gave him his daughter 
Meyv in marriage, and they entered into strict alliance 
with each other. The monarch enquired of his Druids 
where he should build the palace ; they desired him to 
build it at the hill of the Druids, now called Croghan : the 
{>lan of the palace was tlien designed by the engineer of 
Irrus-Downan, and in one day was made the ditch of this 
mansion of Eohy, 

The building was then finished, and Eohy bestowed upon 
Thinny, son of Conry, the .sovereignty of Conipcht, having 
given him Jiis daughter Meyv in marriage. After this 
Eohy Alat was slain by Thinny, who gave the kingdom of 
Downan to OlioU Finn. Meyv bestowed Rath-Eohy on her 
mother, Croghan Creeyarg, and from her this Rath is now 
called the Rath of Croghan. 

Meyv continued a long time after wife of Thinny, snn 
of Conr}-, until he fell at Tara, by the hands of Moneer, 
called also Mac Keaclit. Meyv then held the sovereignty of 
Conachtten years, without public connexion with any man, 
but indulged frequently in private amours. She afterwards 
married Olioll Mere, son of Ross the Red, of Leinster, 
by "horn she had seven sons, namely the seven I\Iainies. 
Olioll was slain by the cast of a dart, by Conall Carney, 
then an aared man in Crosfhan : the men of Conacht how- 
ever pursued him, and killed him in revenge for that deed. 

There existed indeed, war and hostility for a long time, 
between the Conacians and Ultonians, when Meyv held 
the sovereignty of Conacht, and Conor was king of Ulster. 
In order, however, reader, that you may know the cause 
of this enmity, I will here relate how the children of Usna 
were put to death, in opposition to the guaranty or pro- 
tection of Fergus, son of Roy ; of Cormac Conlingas, 
and of Duf^a Dx! of U!'*w>r. 



^A n-^n, jomojtj^o, t5a iioecAjo Concab^, Rj IUap, no 
CAjf^rii ple)t)e 50 r^c Fht'jtiljmj'o, riijc Da]11, ]-c6Al(»)t<e 
Chonc4Ba]]t, j jte Vjil pa plefoe j-jn jm^ ben Khej6l)m)r> 
^ngion Al<»]fi; -j t)0 fijne Ca-Ijaj-o, r)]»iO] to 1j) j-ap contrA)! 
an ran |-jn, ru^ -] rA]]»]inj)]ie co'n in^jn, 50 rrjocjrAP 
)onuo •pocajji -^ ■ojor* do'ti co)^£-6 "o'a ^ojpB- ^^)1^ "'* 
clop |-jn "oo'n Icocprtjrie, x>o ro-z,\\Ax>.^ ^ m^BAo 00 TAfA]]i. 
Nj T6Anr<j, <j Concnb^, act l)^A]tA]r> mjpc l)om j, -jrujitpet* 
A)]t o)l(^nTA]n ], 50 ]tA)V)e ii-a \uon tfinco) AgAm p<?]n. 
Dejjiojte T>o gAjitm aji r-itvOj CatIjajx) rj. Dociijp ConciiT)^ 
] Ijop <ij]t Vejc ], *] ojte, •) bii]mec t'a hojl^^ihajn, -j n) 
Vattiao ng^c t)o'n cojjig'o ool n-A Iata))* a^c a ho]ce 1 a 
bu}mc<^-, ^ hAnCAjnr^c Chon^ubA}^ io'a n^ojjtr) I cb»|CAm. 
Do bj A}]t AH ojirngAti j-ojn ^o he]t jonuAiA]]* tjj, -j 511)1 
cjn A]}i riiTiAjb 4 coTriA)mi-)}ie ] yc^)rh. 

C^Ia, pTio}i)to, id'a ho)ce l.»5 tjo tfi^bAf) Jie ppojfi 
ti'ollrhu^Af' tijpe U picctA, •) ]^ nroprAt) poU ah I.0] 5 pAn 
pnrctA, cjioTTiAp f jAC Tjub o'a hoi, -] ni^j ru^ I)e}]iD]te ti'* 
hAjpe, A TMibAjytc jte Lg^b^CAtn, 50 nibAo niAjr le yejn y^)* 
ro be)t Ajce A]]t 4 mbepjp da tpj tJAtA a-o coFiajiic ; m^ 

4 TA, BAt ATI y6]C A]|1 4 folr, t5At ^oIa i^jg rtjp A 5}IUA]'D, 

•J oat; An tpn^cr* A}.jt a cngp. '<?( ca a j-ATi)A)I pjn t)'y]0]» 
}t6 jtAjorejt Na))pe, mAc \ljpnec, ) )yocAj)t ChoTirobA))t 
j-An re^Uc. "^Ap cr, a Lcb,j(Am, ^ pj, ^ujcjmpe rur<i 
pi n-4 co]t Tom a^aHa^hi yejn ^An pjop ; *} nocrup 
Leb^CAm to N^)pe An iijo pjn. Le)p pjn ~A)nj5 N^ojpe 
op jp^l ) nr4)l Dt-jpof^e, •] t'lijjiep a pu}iTi jtic'a'o a pejjice 
t)6, *] jAjipAp A)ji ] pc)n t50 b)tc]^ 4)|i e[or> o Conciib^. 
Cu5 Nu))pe ioncA pjp p)n, 56)^ ^^fB ^c]p e, o'e^U Chon6o- 
bA)|i. TjijAlJAp pejn -] A t)A bjtArA))* .1. ^)nlc ') "^)irAn, "j 
Oejjtnpe, ) rjt) (\05Ar. Koc m.j con ji)u 50 li'^lbAjn, Ajr 4 


♦ Sec this story at full length in the Transactions of the Gaelic Society, Vol.1, 
•j- PronoiMiced Derdrcy. This old word signifies alurpi, 
* The Iri3h princes always had a large es'abliihmcnt of bards, storytellers, 
musicians, and persons of both sexes, whose bueincas was to converge on 
varieus topics. 


On a certain day* that Conor, king of Ulster, went to 
partake of an entertainment at the mansion of FeiUm, son 
of Diill, Conor's story-teller ; Feilini's wife was delivered 
of a fair daughter during the entertainment ; and Catik 
the Druid, who was then of die company, foreboded and 
prophecied for the daughter, that numerous mischiefs and 
Josses would happen the province on her account. Upon 
hearing this, the waniors proposed putting her to death 
forthwitli. Let it not be done so, said Conor, but I will 
take her with me, and send her to be reared, that she only 
may become my own wife. Tlie Druid Catfa, named her 
Deirdre.f Conor placed her in a fortress, aud a tutor and 
nurse to rear her, and no one of the province dare go in 
to her presence but her tutor, her nurse, and Conor's con- 
versation woman,;}: who was called Lavarcam. She con- 
tinued under this regulation until she was mam'ageahle, 
when she far excelled all the women of her time in beauty. 

It happened then, upon a snowy day, that her tutor killed a 
calf to prepare food fw her, andoiithe calf'sbloodbeingspilt 
in the snow, a raven stooped to drink of it ; and as Deirdre 
noticed this, she said to Lavarcam, that she would be glad 
herself to have a husband possessed of the three colours 
which she saw ; that is, his hair of the colour of the raven^ 
his cheek of the colour af the calf's blood, and his skin of 
the colour of the snow. There is such a man of Conor''s 
household, said Lavarcam, iianied Neesha, son of Usna. 
O ! then said Deirdre, I beseech you Lavarcam to send 
him privately to address me ; and accordingly Lavarcam 
discloses the circumstance to Neesha, Thereupon Neesha 
secretly pays a visit to Deirdre, and she communicated the 
greatness of her affection for him, and entreats him to 
elope with her from Conor. Neesha consented to this, 
though reluctantly, through fear of Conor. He then with 
his two brothers, Anly and Ardan, and Deirdre, accom- 
panied by »ne hundred and fifty warriors, made his way 



Bfii^<tr<| conpfiii]! liiHfucrA o jij;^ "dl)An, 50 ffu»i)|» 
tu^ufcb*]l ycejrhe De]|»t)ite, '] ^uji ]<v](|» n-v» mn.o) ro 
f ejn j. OA^Af y^|i5 N<0)fe 50 ti-a BjJAtjtAiB ujme ]-)n, 
•jrjijAllAjr) A h^lbAjn j n-o]len w^a a)1» t-c)f et) ]ie Dejiiopo, 
T^ t')f cojnBljocc t)0 rABAjji- ro liiujur]]) ati Tl'jo^ -] -oojB 
pejn -OA b*c lej^ Jtojriie fjn. ^cr cciia A]^^ n-A cloj- yjn 
•J Ti-UlltA)B 50 ]ia15a"c^ m)c U^pnoc fAH ej^on pa)1 f-jn, * 
XMiB]»At)^ moiiAn r)'uA)j'l)b ah cojjjt) i»e Conculj^ ^ujt 
rjtuA^ cUn \l]]-n]Oc tio Bejc Aj]t "peoiiiij^ecT- r ]u' t>itoc- 
mnco], •) 50 Tnl)Ar coji^ }:]0|' ro (ii]! cjijiA ^ a -rABAji^c 
«o'n tjji. Do be]]^ ConcuBsj .ott-a p]]- f]n A]|t jmpjtje 
TiA ti-uAj-Al, T rug Feit^uf, niAc Ro}^, ) DuBrAc x>io\ 
"UUt), T CojtmAC Conlo)ri5]0]- j ylAriAt) ajj* pcjn f a Be]r 
•ejljof nofli. 9(]1> nA liecxA)B y]n cn]]ief ^>li5iir, ttiac 
R6)5, F)ACA)T>, A riiAC yejn, ] ceojuc clojiic lilljinjoc, 50 
tcug Ie]f ) n-e)]t)n ja-o 50 ti-a mbu)"6)n, -j Oc]ifo]ie ni<| 
^n J^]u, •) nj liAjriJjoj--^ a Beg nv\ j-ccaIajB 50 jiocnjjn 
yA)rce tia heATfiriA •b6]Y). TajiIa Go^ah, diac Du}irAcrA> 
pUjt Fej^Timujje, ojtytA Ajjt ah }fA)rce 50 fluAg Ijonni^ 
TTiAjlle H)f, jte yg,!! '00 tJcATiAiii A)]t chp Uji'njoc Ajjt 
iro}»A)l)oni Cl)oncuBA)|t ; 'j ni<i pAnjAr^ cIau "Uj^nj^ ■oo 
VAfA]is ri'jt) Go^An t)'yA)l-)u^At) |ie N<0)]-), j }>)r ah 
BJAjltc cujuey yArAo flejge tjtjr. "^O^ to conA^pc K)ACA]r, 
mAC Fopb^r**' ri"' ^)"5]'M' P)l^ Oo^Aii ■] NsOJi), 50 rruz; 
GoJAn ATI r^A j-ATAt) A}p Fh]«cAp, t;"P 'i^B ni^ mx\ ]to 
N<o)f) ^, TCA v.]Y x]^^ l)n5]op Go^ah -j a j-luAg a))» clo]ri 
U)p)oc ^up TTiAjtBAt) leo ]At?, j ^o rrii^At)^ '^Pl'5»*l^ ^ 
Tnu)rir)}tc. 'AbA]t vo ciiaIajo, ]Tnoi»)io, F^jiguf, 1 DiiBfAC, 
m<}BAri clojne hUjynjOG r^ a yUnAo y^'jn, r]))AljAp 
c'jonj-ujge iiA liGAnmA •) tugp^o V"-")!!, "j n>ii)ri-e]i Chon- 
duBA)p co]uiefc^ X)i ce)lc, gup fu)c S'Oajtic, rriAC 
CoTicoBA)]t, 'j r]i) ccAt) l<ioc r>'« riiujn-jn m«| <on it)]- ; lojj-cf (^p 
■} *ll*5^£^ GrfiAp, •) m<}Bt^ bAilrpAio CliomuBA]]» Iro, } 
i-pupj^)© A pAMtA TA ^Ac le)f, ]rto ]:e]n j Co}»mAC 


to Scotland, maintenance ol" quarterage from the king o{ 
that countrj', until lui got an acconntoi" Deirdre's beauty, 
and demanded her as a wife for hn.. \'lf. Neesha and liis 
brothers being highly incensed at iliis, tied from ScoiUtnd 
to an island in tlie sea with Deirdrc, they and the king's 
forces havin g previously had many conflicts with each other. 
When the men of Ulster however, heard of the sons of 
Usna being in such distress, many of t- e nobles of the 
province told Conor, that it was sad that the sons i}]' Usna 
should be in banishment on account of a wicked woman, and 
that they ought to be sent for and restored to the couiitry, 
Conor consented to this at the entreaty of the nobles, and 
gave Fergus, son of Roy, Dulfa Dse\ of Ulster, and 
Cormac Conliiigas, as gaurantees for himself, that he 
would act faithfully towards them. On these conditions 
Fei'gus, son of Hoy, sent his own son Fiacha to the sons of 
Usna, who conducted them to Ireland with Deirdre and 
all their followers, and in a short time they reached the 
green of Evan. Owen, son of Durhaght, prince of 
Fermanagh, met them on the plain with a large body of 
troops, in order to murder them, in pursuance of the 
command of Conor, and when the sons of Usna came up, 
Owen proceeded to welcome Neesha, and in the act of 
saluting him, thrust his spear through his body. When 
Fiacha, son of Fergus, perceived this, he rushed between 
Owen and Neesha, but Owen made a second thrust at 
Fiacha andkilled him on the spot, and then with his troops 
attacked the sons of Usna, put them to death, and made 
dreadful carnage of their followers. When Fergus, how- 
ever, and DufFa, heard of the murder of the sons of 
Usna, contrary to their guarant}^, they marched to Evan, 
and came to an engagemC: c with the forces of Conor, in 
which IMainy, Conor's son, and three hundred of his 
troops were cut to pieces ; then plundering and setting fire 
to Evan, they put to death- all Conor\ seraglio. They 
VOL. I. M m „— -»*«t ^^^^ 


Conlojn^j'M-. 'I ]:4 he Ijim a I'liu^j <\n rivn y]n rjtj riijle 
Loc, 'I ojijvvllujo Ay I'jn 1 cCoHAirAjli 50 '^0)0)^1") -j^o hO)l)ll, 

pj Bjtjjj' ;oii ojrce 5iui luce fo^U uAfa <V5 rtji^ujn ^ rtj 
lofCAt) UUti. \'si<| ]*)n rojl) 511)1 c]ȣCi\t) cpjoc Cluiajl^ne 
leo, ^njoni CiV rr^jr^c joman r>ocA]]i -j •ojBpcjlJ^e ]v?j]t ah 
t5iv coj^et), 'J TO CAjfert^ f^c- mbljA^n* 4)]* <vn opTu^tvo 
]"]n ^ATi oj-At) <on UA]iie ^cojijtA. )p ro'n le)t a ft:o)i 
tjo'n jie ]-]Ti, TOO cunuijpc Fgp^uy Ajft 'A>!ie]t>lj, ^up 
cojltjicjot) le]]' j, 50 ]iu-^ y] r]»)u)t niAc t>\onr())pl5}opL: 
Tu, itinI aca, rja]^, "j Co]ic, ') Coniiiac, aiiiajI a re]]v ah 
fjle : 

ro]i]4Ac ^<i^t>15 ] cCjtuAcAjn CsO]n, 
6 Fl)o|iz;ii]-, iiA]t tu]ll rAf<oji<, 
^o }iu5 r|t]^ 5An locr, iiAjt 1a5, 
C]a]i, -J Coitc, 3p CoiimAc. 

If 6'p cCjAji p jtAprejt CjAjtjnijoe %huniAn, •] jf A]|t 
<\ fljocc A rA Ua Concobajjt C)<j|tnj'6e ; 6 Chojic a tA 
Co]icmo)^uAt) ; 6 ChonrifiAc yiAjorcii ^ac ConniAjcne ca 
p:n)l ) cConAcrAjB. Bjbe lej^yef ad TUAjn to jtjne LugA)^, 
fjle 0]1]o11a, r)^ aI) toj'Ac " CIaH Fheji^upA, cIaH oy cac," 
ro ^^Bat 50 yolluf ^u\i x\h m6]i An n^jir -] An r-vSitltAccuf 
■00 ^aUat.j An r]i]A]i niAC ]']n %e)t)be ) cConitcrujB, ^ ah 
fAn ^-touniAjn ; bjuo a pjATnujp) yjn a]]» nA ~)I»]B * tA 
Ajnninj^re uata- j-An ta coj^ct yjn. 

DaIa Dej|tT]ie, TA rrAn^ATA}* nA ^njoniA to TuA]T^m<}, 
TO h] y] ] }fO(^A]}t ChonciibA]]! y^x> bl]A5,nA t'^j^ Tn<|bi:A 
clojne lill)pn]5, •] 56 mbAT b^^ ro^bAjl a cjri, no ^en 
5A)pe TO tojoecr t:<i a bc-Al, nj "p£}tnA]T mp *ti jie yjn 6. 
*Ai<| TO coPrAjnc Conctibij haji 5Abchi]r(!;e nA c\0]nei' SJi^jni 
TJ, 'J nAi cru5 abAc- nA Ajnjoj* Ajtoii^AT A}}t a bA)5n§^T, 
TO cujjt ppi" fl]]i eo5An, mAc Duj»itrAccAj •) Ajji rroj^^cc 


♦ Pronou^ctd Kce-er, 


thenwithCormacCoiiliiigas collect their forces on all sides, 
ainountinff to three thousand fifrhtincj men, and with these 
they marclied into Conacht to Mcyv and OlioU, from wiioni 
they received a kind reception and were taken into pay. Af- 
ter their arrival, theyneverwere a single night withoutsend- 
ing predatory parties into Ulster, who burnt and plundered 
every part of the province. They ravaged in particular 
the district of Cualgny, an act that gave rise to much 
losses and contention in the two provinces; and in this 
manner they spent seven years without an hour's cessation 
of hostilities on either side. In the mean time, Fergus 
insinuated himself into the affections of Meyv, who proved 
pregnant, and bore him three sons at one birth, whose names 
were Ciar,* Core, and Convac ; as the poet thus observes : 

Meyv in Cruaglian fair conceived, 

By Fergus of unsullied fame. 

And bore three cliieftams blameless, brave, 

Ciar, and Core, and Convac. 
From this Ciar is named Keery or Kerry in Munster, and 
of his posterity is O'Conor Kerry: From Core is named 
Corcomroe ; and from Convac, the Coiimacnies of Conacht. 
Whoever consults a poem written by Luwar, bardof Olioll, 
begining " Race of Fergus, race pre-eminent," nill 
clearly perceive the great power and authority of tliese three 
sons of Meyv in Conacht and in Munster; as is also mani- 
fest from the territories to which they gave names in both 
these provinces. 

But to return to Deirdre, who was the cause of all we 
have related, she remained a year with Conor, after the 
death of the sons of Usna; and though trilling it might 
seem to raise up her head or smile, yet, during tiiat pe- 
riod she was never kn,o\yn to do so. When Conor perceived 
that no amusements or kindness could have p^ny effect upon 
her, and that neither wit nor mirth could remove the low- 
;iQss of her spirits, he sent for Owen, son of Durhagnt, 



yt^jn d liAjjneo "oo ckocloo 6 n-v\ ciim.^jT-, 50 cci\]T-jret) 
t)iil yelivo e]!e le IiGo^ad, -j le)]- ]-]n cu)]trc^ «)it cuUjb 
Co^ajn J n-* C(V]»bap ]. d-jo CuncLir)a)t CiV rc]i)r<ii\c<v6, ^ 
<i)li mbejt 45 rp)All -oojB, 00 Be]]t]o-6 ]•]]•) ]-u)l j>)()c6a A))t 
C-i^^n jiojmpc, ■) fi'iji rtj|t Choncubijt 11-iv "ojaj-o ; ojji n) 
jirt]Be o]ar a)jt rdlrhujn ]i- mo ta tru^ yu<\c jiiii ]ax"> <\)1» 
<on. %^ OT Tnor-ii]5 ConcnB»v]t j]] ^^^ r)")^'0 p* yec d)]! 
yejn -j (V]]» 6 ^an, 4 ■onb<»]l^r }1}a r]i<' abivcr, a Dhej]t-p}ie, 

cpmi-d 'j (j)jteo5i^n. ^]ft na cloj-pn t)0 Uhe)]tr.jic to ^i\B 
byotJ^At) lejy na b]»]Af)iu]1) yjn ], 50 rvu^ biojrlcjm <»f 
4n ccapbA'D Amac, ^u}t biirt]! <v cen t»]ft ca^prc clojce 
vo Bj (Vjp <vn l*)t }tojmpe, 50 nT^^imtvo injpe nijonbiuii^te 
n'* cen, gup Vjng * h^ncjii 50 hobdfi a]|"oe ; ti*J'^* vimlajo 
yjn r^jnjc ©jb^jtc Fh^ltgup, m]c Roji;, -j Cho]im4jc 
Conlo]n5g]' m]c ConcubAjji, 'j Dbiibr<vj5 tJiojl TJlAt), rt5<v]' 
bay TJejpojie. 

^Do "Bpj5 5n|t <vb ) n-A]mJ-]]^ Cboncubajji, -j na ccu}i»;c, 
«ob) *^Ogt)b ) fflA)r(^]' Cbonacr, ■) ^11}^ riia]]» rejc mbljiv^^n* 
T)"'e)]-brt)i- Chjne rnjc Con}i<\c, <»n ccflTygit pop* to bj Ajce, 
*j cc]fpe yjcj'o bljagajn ca t'}p pn n-a nirKO) ng 0)i)il moji, 
•j )uo 3.\p b,!]!- 0]l]olU ocr mblj^^rKv ) n-<onruniA gujt 
iTiAitb^ri le Fojibiij-bc, mac Concub(V]|>, ); cu])jyem yjoy 
<»n ]-o hay riA ri]i03n5e )y rejtycnujsre to iia ciijjaTajB to 
bj an }ic V)n ^-^OhejTbe, -j cnjT T'a PTa]a]b 50 cuniaj]!. ^(5 
yo a]}t rri'iy 50 hajfgejt]! c)]i)m na bocrjia Ta rrajnjc 
bay Choncuba)]!. 

Noy )mo}i|ia to b)OT ya'n am ]■o]^^ afi m^ gyijoyaT a))t 
Tiicr j;a)yc]T yte mbc)r calma ) (((.ni'.iniijb Tojb, m<j a fa, 
mj]» ci!]iar, Tr<j coiialira bi:ar, ro raliii]]iT; To'n -j li* 
yojyir-ille ] )jr]cm <ciiy])i, 'j «'^a\ 11 I )( c biiajr laj^fict 
i^ajycjt) ajjj a cr]ic (('ni'a]^. ^*^jVj< r( n icy g<» rr^U 


and ulien Owen amved, he told Deii-dre, tlira since be was 
himself unable to divert lur mind I'rom sorrow, she must 
now spend some time* with Owen, and she was immediately 
placed in the chariot behind Oweu. Conor went to attend 
them, and on the road, she used to look indignantly at 
Owen before, and at Conor behind her; for on earth there 
were not two whom she hated more. When Conor perceived 
her looking alternately at Owen and himself, he ironically 
observed to her, you glance at Owen and me, Deirdre, 
like a sheep between two rams. At these words Deirdre 
instanti}- started up and leaped furiously out of the chariot, 
and dashed her head against the poun oi' a stone on ihc side 
of the road, by which her skull was fractured ni smali jneces 
and her brains quickly beat out. Thus originated tlje ba- 
nishment of Fergus, son of Roy, of Cormac Cuniingas, and 
Duffa Dacl of Ulster, and the unfortunate death of Deirdre. 

As it was in the dajs of Conor and the heroesjf that 
Meyv reigned in Conacht, and as she lived ten years after 
the death of Thinny, son of Conry, her fii'sthubband, and 
was afterwards the wife of Olioll More for eighty years, ai;d 
a.fter the death of Olioli remained eight years a wiuow, 
till she was killed by Forvvee, son of Conor ; we shall 
therefore in this place mention the deaths of the most re- 
nowned of the heroes who lived in her oays, and give a 
short account of some of their most memorable i.ciiieve- 
ments. The following tlien is briefly tiie substance of the 
adventures which occasioned the death of Conor. 

It was the custom in those days, as an inducement to 
champions to behave valiantly in the hght, to give the 
badge of herqesf as a mark of victory, to hiiu wjio shewed 
himself the braver' in single combat and who vanquished 
his adversary in tiie field of valour. This custom rr-a\e 

* Literally another period, i e. another year. 

t Kniglits of the Red 1 ranch. 
J Some oirament or mark of merit like the medals or ribbands of mo- 
dern times. Or perhaps rather, some portion of land. 


]m)(5^]-4n ya'n ccu]uijt) liijii, jTjjt Choiull Cl)e]inAc, ^ 
L^05aj]^e Biw6(*c ] n-e^;put]n ; z.n]i )rt]i]t CotiaII incjii 
"Ohejp^oojiii, T-}iejTii:e]> c\\r\h\ •oo Laji;njlj, to m<jl5A'6 Ic)]- 
yv■j^^ ] ccorhlan ^np]]i, 'i ^■\]^ tr<v]j'bon<\t) )nc)ne nn tjit^jn- 
yjn fjn, t>o Ve]5 Uo^Ajlie *j Cuiul<t)fi -oa cco3iti-me]- Jie 
Ccnall, <\-j]\ tu irer nac loepn* ceccAjt •ojol) jrein a corfi- 
mop j-jn tjo ^njom ^ojlerxv givjpqr) }t)<vm, F<v bcaj' ]mo}t- 
]i* y^'n dm j-ojn 5)6be r]ie)nj:e]i le rxujrpet) riJ^jTiyg)* 
tai-crtTTiu)! e]lc, 50 TTibeiKvo <v jncjM Ay a ecu, 'j^occumuj-- 
CAX) ;ol rjijre, 50 mbjo-6 j n-A I]Ar}i6]r> cjiujn cj»ua)t> <»)5e, 
■^S^ rdjfbenaf) 4)]i <onu]5)B -j ] ccorrit>Ak)b cojrd^firt, in^ 
corhsirA biirtjre ^rtji'cj'o. ^0)^} co coficar'.^ oa ojnriijo tio bj 
ii^ Concub^ iTiL^aTO on cgn<v 00 bj 05 cdc rtjjt iMt ]nc)n, 
5<inrivjt Ito <^]]^ ha mApAC <»f <>ri r.C]i<0]b'oe)|i5 j. Cji] 
hrt|ni]i- ]mo]i]u TO bjoT ) n-Gv\thu)n pe Tjn Cl>oncul5A]]i .1. 
Bjt6jnbep5, ^I'^^j^^Sl^S? 1 C]i<nB}iiu\]T. Sad c(av~oc to 
Bp)]- 4 n-Ordjji, j )!• ujme j-jn Y<^]r>T^]i Bpojfibgjt^ jija, to 
^J^J5 B<^ miijTjj' riA hofA)j» to b'joT )nte jta bjton *] ]r<v iheal(\ 
6 ^Ojifi n* ngon, ^ ha ii^aI^ to bjoT ofijiA. V(n tajia rg^c 
t'a ii50]nfj C]ivO]bTe]t^, ]|- ah to 1)]tj]' iia IiAjjini -j tia 
]*eo]Te iiAj]'Ie ] ccuuitac, -j jp ujnie )-jn to ciijii^T jncju 
%h8]|-beT|tA) rrA)|-c)TAn m^^ii^. i-euT uAjwIoile. ?»n rpey 
rec TO 13] A^ Concub*), An Chji^objuiAjT, ]]' nn to jijajii-cOj 
6 p(?jn n)<j xon jtc Vjon a Locjiujtc. DaIa An ta ojnriijT, 
1^ mbjiejf ]nc]ne ^s^liej|'5^T}tA aj* An cC]tco)bTe]it5, Arii*]! a 
TiibjtAnuj, TO ciiAT<} Aj]i yAjfce ha hCtMnnA, 50 paBatap 
A^ ]()nirt]n nA b.jncjne aitiajI IJAfjiojT, 6 Iajit) 50 Iajiii, ^o 
rrAjnjc oncu iijlc ajjt UllrACAjb, .1. Ccr, niAc '^OaJac, 
rjiojnyeit to C'iionAcnijb, ^ujt Bjk'A^ ]ncjn '-?Chejy5^T]t.A 
6 fiA lii\nia]r)b, j to jiiig Ic)]- j (('onacrnjb ] : •) gACA 
riiioncA TO rjpoT ) ii-]oiifcii]l ) n-A^rt]T TllIrAc, to bjoT 
jncjn ^(,>iie]]'foc)iA ajjj a cii)"]* aj5c, ] nT6)5 cacta to 

♦ Public buildings attaclicd to th» jiij^cc. 


rise to a dispute between Conall Carney, Cuchiillin, and 
Learv the victorious, in Evan, about the heroes' badcje • 

7 7 O » 

upon which Conall sent for the brains of Meshgayar, a vali- 
ant Leinster warrior, whom he himself had killed in sin- 
gle combat, which being exhibited, Lcary and Cuchullin 
resigned their pretensions to Conall, being convinced 
that neither of them had ever achieved so noble a feat of 
valour. It was the custom too, in those times, for an 
hero who had slain another champion of renown, to take 
out his brains, and having mixed lime tlii'ough them, to 
form an hard round ball, which he always exhibited at 
public assemblies and conventions, as a trophy of prowess 
and victor}'. Two fools belonging to Conor, took notice 
of the great estimation in which every one held this ball of 
brains, and immediately stole it out of the house of the 
Crimson Branch. There were indeed three houses* in 
Evan, in the time of Conor, namely, the Soldiers' Soitow 
the Crimson Branch, and the Red Branch. In the first of 
these were the sick, and thus it was called the house of 
the Soldiers' Sorrow, from the sorrow and affliction caused 
by the anguish of their wounds and diseases. The se- 
cond house called the Crimson Branch, contained the 
arms and valuable jewels, and on that account the brains 
of Meshgayar were presened there with other articles of 
%alue. The third house called the Red Branch, was 
allotted to Conor and the Heroes who attended him. But 
to return to the two fools, having as above mentioned, 
taken Meshgayar's brains from the Crimson Branch, they 
went to the green of Evan, and were tossing the brains 
like a hand-ball from one to another, when Keth, son of 
Magach, a Conacht champion, and a, ferocious wolf to 
the men of Ulster, came up and prevailed on the fools to 
give him the brains, which he brought with him to Con- 
acht, and whenever he came into contest with the Ulto • 
nians, he used to carry Meshgayar's brains in his girdle, 



oevtriAih rt))» UIlca^Ajlj; 63)1 •ooB) j '■rA]]i]tR5]]ie^e)j'5£^t5]t* 
•Oft Tsjoju)! pejn a]]i UllcacAjli o'ejp ft l>>*]f, 'j ro me|- ^ujt ab 
t)o'n jncjil tjo cjoe]:v\6 jrjojirto r\ft j:ft]['r)nc fjn ; ^onft'o 
Ujme j-jn 00 cl^irfto Ceftt jncjn "0ihe)|-5^'6]»ft tjo Be)r ft}ii 
pmc^ <^)56> ^o fujl ]ie nee ej^jw ■o'uftjj-ljb UlAt> xso ri)<jV)ftf> 
le. ce]r) ]m)jtito, Cer, 50 pluft^ Ijonrii^ mftjlle ]\]\-, no 
cfte^ftt) fllvvt?, 50 rrii5 rftjn m6]t 156 a yei»ft]1j Rf>)|- j n- 
Ullrftjl), "I lennjo OJ10715 th()]i o'lllI-Ail) 6; cj-iujnj^]-© ]:j]t 
Choiiftci: -oo'ti Ve)c <v n-)a]t r»'yuiirftCT: Che)r, -] Concnli^ 
oo'n Vejf; n-ojp r>'}:u]iracc Ullrftc. V'si.vjt too ciuvlajt) r]i>> 
Cgr 50 ftftjFje Concul^ j-ftn ro]m)cecr, cujjiej* yjop ^o 
bftncjtftcc ChoriAcr, too Ijj a]]\ choc, a^ pejfjoiii an Oft 
f-luft^, ft5<v )iJ}ii»vVo o}i]»ft Concubj o) bjicvVgAo na jyeftcajn 
yejn ft)|i mbejr n-»v oujiie j-ocitia poUb^fw t)o, o)]i, nj 
Ve)5]r)o)|' UllrAj^ t- pejn pan ccftr ) ccojne ChofiAcr, 
^]]» n A clof jmojipo, 'oo Choncub^ 50 jiAjbc mjan 
Ajjt «n mbfturiuct; pcjn t)'j:ft]Cf]n, rytjAlluf ■) n-ft -iona)! 
6'n t^iilft]5 ) n A y»Aibe, ti'j.-jop ah bAilrpacrA, 'f 'JS C^t 
op ]p]ol t)o'n ]'c]r o]lc t;o ]iA)be ) meoon An bAfirjucrA 
r)'o])ic)ll A]}t Cuncub.] -do m^bA"6. ?t)jj mbejr c^n* t?o 
Concub^ A5 roj^e^r ] 115^ t>o'n bAH-jiAcr, e))t^]op Cer, 
1 no 5nj incjil ^Abhejj'^.it^jtA t)')ri)oU ] n-A c]iftnrAV)ii)ll \ie 
Concubij x>o riiA]»bAt> ; ^Jvil^ [fAjcpjii Che)- 00 ChoncubA]t, 
t)i)Alluj' r^" A]p ] .nope A mu]n')}>e fi^)Ti, *] Ag tMil ^o 
Do)]te DAb;ojf: t>o, ru^ C^r u]»co}t o'lncin '^hc)p- 

5et)JtA Af A C]IAnrAbU)ll ] n-A t^jA]^, 511]^ bllA]l J 

Ti-A bA)t)op 6, 5up bl^jpot) A pcjcne co'n iipc<j pjn, 
T 5ujt Ven ^neju '^vVK^jp^e-ottA p'a bAj-jop : \v]y pjn 
r)5)t) A nmjnn^p ];c)n "6'a pjitjjrin 6 Chor, C!i)]i]o 
fpf, An t\t(\t p)n, ) ccojuc KliiUbJ'^ ^ -H'^l'MS* 1 *Mt^ 
rroj^^ec tjo Iaca)}! xjo, jpet) a ■oubAj]i-, ca mbencco) 
An n)«^llp)n Ap a c^n, 50 ifU}5bct) bip no IacA]}* ; jj- 
721*1* Ijn, ftp caC, aj» ]1)5, mo bejf; Ajntn)nc a^uju jnA a 
CAr*. L(!'j5)pr£[t le l'jn5jn e, -j a t>ubA))tn ]i)p fftn 


in liopes of bringing some signal calamity on Ulster, 
for it was prophesied that Meshgayar would be 'revenged 
upon the men of Ulster after his death, and he supposed 
that this prediction would be verified by the ball of brains ; 
for which reason he used to carry the brains about him, in 
hopes of killing, with them, some of the Ulster nobles. 
Keth, however, with a numerous army, went to plunder 
Ulster, and drove away a large herd of cattle from the 
district of Ross, in that province. He is pursued by a great 
body of Ultonians. The men of Conacht assemble from the 
west to assist Keth ; and Conor, on the east, comes to aid 
the men of Ulster. But when Keth heard that Conor was 
in the pursuit, he sent to the ladies of Conacht, who 
were on a hill viewing the two armies, to request of them 
to entice Conor, who was a man of gallantry and afiabiiit}-, 
to pay tliem a visit; for the Ultonians would not permit 
him to join in the light against the Conacians.* Conor 
being informed that the ladies desired to see him, goes 
alone to them from the hill where he was, and Keth comes 
privately from the other side amongst the women, in cx- 
pectjition of killing Conor. However, on Conor's ap- 
proaching the ladies, Keth arises, and places the brains of 
Meshgayar in his sling to kill him, but Conor, having seen 
Ked), retires towards his own people, and on his entering 
the wood of Daway, Keth cast tlie brains after him from 
his sling, struck him on the head, and fractured his skull 
with the blow, and die brains of Meshgayar sunk into his 
head; his people, on seeing this, came up to reli2ve him 
from Ketli. They immediately send for Finyeen, a skil- 
ful surgeon, who, on his arrival, declared, that ii the ball 
were removed, he would instandy die ; the attendants all 
exclaimed, we would rather have our king disfuj-ured, djari 
that his death should ensue. Finyeen then effected the 
VOL. I, N n cure, 

» Bicaiiic liij JOofUer -was* Conacht-princes?, 

ySl^b ro TDcaiiAih, ni luj^e ]ie mmnj, n* tjul fl)H gc, na 

jrjtjocDuailre a jr.cjne jrejn, 50 -rejlgjrjoo an m^ll r)n 

^^"<J fjn CO j'(^cc mbl)<vj;iia f^U]- an ^ojne ) n-.^ c]t(jca6 
^l^PY'} ^o j»e])f t>jK)]n5e }ie j-^ncuj-; nia|t co cufujltc 
piopiio, clocloo ngihgiutac na n-oul, ■] upji-oubat) na 
SJiejTie j-an CAfcA Ian, V]'t].'l>AJ5gj' to Bhacjtac, x>]mo] t)0 
LajgnjB -co bj j n-a yocajji, cp^o r»a trajnjc an malajjtc 
Kgifi^nafac ^)n ai]t jiona]!) njnie, •] ^alriian. )o|-c. C]i)opr 
mac Uc, a]( an "OJKO], a ra aj a V*a|'uj,af> a no)j' a^ 
iuoajQjb; r]iuaj; j-jn, ap ConciiB^, riv mljcjnp) } n-a 
lacajft iDo Tfiujjipjn a ^Jajbe rjonicjoll mo jtj^ 'o'a barugat)' 
'J lejp j-jn tug a clojr^ni amac, 'j rejo ya -pojpe c()}lle •00 
bj la^m jij]-, 5u)t gab aga gejilU'c, -j aga buajn, -j af£6 a 
oubajjir, x>h mbejr 1 mepc na n-)ura]t;)oc, gujt ab b yjn 
•Djol 100 bea|iar> o^pa ; ') a)|» inejo na 'oaj-acra t)0 ^ab e, 
■oo Ijng an mell Ay a cen, .50 Tcain]c cu)v> 'o'a picju ) n-a 
t>jap, -] m^ I'jn 50 fjHiajjt bap; CojU lajmpjg, ) }f^pu)l> 
■^^^^Jf' BO)r^)'*l^ '^f^'ti nuijne cojlle fjn. '^(^)p mbejr mapft 
•oo CliOTicub<j an j-jn, rajjtgfjoji pjojacc Vllat) ro'n rj 
t)0 beajuo co|»p Choncuba))i \e]y, gan f^jr, go hGarhujn. 
Capla 5)olla ag Conciibj ajjt an larajp j-jn, Ta'p b'ajnm 
C^n Bg]i]iii)-oe, j ) tToojg p-]y an jijogact ra poccuin ycpi, 
cogbup an co]tp go calma, ■) jtiig Icji' go h^'pnacat) Slejbe 
Fua)o e, gup b)»)j' a cpojioe, 'j go jfuajp bay an yjn. oona 
rp^y an ngujorn j-jn a ra an j-enyocal a rc)p, gup al) j 
jtjogacr Cbinbeppujoe iap]>uy nee, an ran cu)p]oy pojifie, 
go ijuv\)llriri]anac, cejm no pocrnjn jy ajpoe )na T50 
ycatyan -oo gp^mugat). 

^'cr, g^^ cujpjo ugrajji an cygncuya yjoy an yta]py] 
Choncuba)it, '] gi'p b'yep c6ifia]myipe t50 Cjtjoyr 6 ; no 
pcjp yjpjric an ryonruya, nj pugan Cp'joyc go hajmyjp 
imc('jn 1 noj-^jo C'i;onciiBAj]t. op^n ]y arfilajn a ta y')p)ne 

71 a 


cure, but advised him not to indulge in anger j to avoid 
women, riding on horseback, and all immoderate exer- 
cise ; otherwise, by the repulsive motion of his brain, the 
ball might l)e cast out, and death vrould instantly follow. 

In this state Conor continued seven years, until the Fri- 
day on which Christ was crucified, as our historians affirm. 
When he perceived the unusual changes in the Heavens, 
and the ecHpse of the Sun at full Moon, be enquires of 
Bacra, a Leinster Druid who attended him, the cause of 
this unusual alteration in the appearances of the Heavens 
and the Earths It is Jesus Christ, Son of God, says the 
Druid, M'ho is now put to death by the Jews. How sad is 
this, said Conor; if I were there, I would soon slay al :tiat 
are concerned in the execution of my King; and thereupon 
he drew his sword, and went lo an adjacent wood, and 
hacked and cut the trees, protesting, that if he were 
among the Jews, he would sene them in the same 
manner; and by the violence of his passion, the ball fell 
out of his head, and some of his brains followed, so 
that he died upon the spot. The grove of Lavree in the 
district of Ross, was the name of this wood. After Conor's 
death, the throne of Ulster was offered to any person who 
would carry the body of Conor to Evan, without tiring on 
the road. A servant immediatel}- came up to Conor, whose 
name was Cann Barry, and in hopes of obtaining the king- 
dom, bravely lifts up the body, and c.irried it to Ardagh, 
at Sleiv Fuaid ; but he broke his heart, and instantly died. 
From this transaction there arose a proverbial saying ; when 
a person ambitiously aspires to higher dignities than he can 
ever acquire, that '^ he aims at the monarchy of Cann 

But although old authors give us this account of Conov, 
and njake him cotemporary with Christ, yet in truth Clirist 
was not born for a \on^ time aftei" Conor. The fact of 



T\i€ Y^]\-tpe, 50 rigejnj.-j'oc C|tjOfr, An rrt)]tiinscvr<vc, 
TTiiic l^e, ^ 5,0 r5ei\ftvv6 colafi, -j z^on-jmeoitA-o^oJi-iivv hlu'Ovv}! 
bap A)]i, ') feup a1) x>e r]oryar> yiutplcub An cjnp "oainA 4 
hmBpojo An AjBjjtj'eojiA ; -j A]]t n-A clop pjn r>() Cllon6uB^|, 
T50 5a1j "Ortj-AC- 70)J«5e, aiiiajI a r>ur>}iAm>j, e, •) t)0 ^aT) r)ie 
combvijt) )ie Ciijo]--, i*5 tCl^P'^^ cojllc La]iii1jJ5, ) jtjodr 
nA n-)ot>Al, 50 jyiiA)]t bvip «o'n jfe^'om jjii. C)t>be)mo]i'lio 
XX) cujityet) ] n-jon^Ancup 50 jfcArpAr Bacjiac, no t]»sOj 
e)le t!A pAjb pAjAnc* bAp Cbjtjop- -do rAitngAjjte, cpet) 
]rA}» cojiA "00 iiA S)b]lle, "00 Bj pAjv^nrA, Cjijopc \t}* n-* 
gejn, x^o jiejniJTAjcpjn ]nA 100 BhAcjiA6, no o'a pATfiAjl ejle j 
n)me pjn nj ojcpej-ore An pTA])t m^ pi). 

Fa rjKSAnpejt An Cet po, •) yi bjorljA b)or:yo5lAC a}}i 
UlltACAjlj 6 yeo A jie. La n-<»n C(i no^cajt) An C^r po j 
n-lllIrAjl> t30 tieAnAifi t))bye)]45e, m<j yd s^nAc lejp, 50 
~r<jlA pnecrA mop yii'n Am pojn aFi, •] A5 rjUet) iio, -j rp] 
rjii hoc A]5e, po m^jbAtJ lejp pAn rnjiAp pjn, r)5 CoriAll 
C2]»nAC A)|+ A Vo)i5, ^up cii)|t y.v spejnt Ag '<Vt; Cej- e, 
gup coifijiAirpe'o pe cejle, '] co fiijr C^r pAn ccmilujn T["}Ty,,^ 
•j r«o tporn^oTuvo ConAll, ^"1^ ^"^^J^ 1 'i-^*! <^)1* »^n Iat A)p 
}A]t rr]i^'j5;)on joniAC yoU •60. Lejp pjn rj^ BcaIcu 
Bpcjyne, rpcjnyeit ro CbonAcrnjb ro Ta^ajp, m,j a }yuA]jt 
Cer mApB -j ConAll ] ccpofA}^ bAjp, •] a rmbAjpt 511]^ 
ittA]f An rceal An "oa oncojn pjn, fA rrijnjc Aj'oriijll^'a 
6)P2n, tH) liejt ]p nA bA)n)»ecrA]b pjn. ^p TJ"!^ rP> *)♦ 
(JonAl!, ■] ] nDJ05Al a nrscApnA m^pj tDo •d()C<j t>o ChoRAcrAjb, 
m^pB pA me. Jp ujnic a nuljAjji- pjn, t>o b)tj5 ^o nil)AO 
yapp lejp ]nA y!^^J^Jop Ojpen, koc cjcjn cjlc r\v jojit, 
joniip t\aL bjAjr) cl-'i a niApb^A Ajp <on bo6 AniAjn '00 

^'il;)r!\C-.-'»1L). Nj liU'ippjOC fll, A]t liCAlcU, Ojp ]p ^fjl 



the story, lioweveris, that Bacra, a Leiiister DiuiJ, t'ore- 
toltl that Christ, the prophet, Son of God, would be born, 
take a human body, and be put to death by idols, and that 
man should be, byHini, redeemed from the bondage of the 
adverse demon. Conor hearing this, became violently en- 
raged, as we mentioned, and from a love of Christ, began 
cutting down the trees in the wood of Lavree, as if they 
were idols, and died by the exertion. Some, however may 
wonder howBacra, or any other paganDruid, could prophe- 
sy the ileath of Christ ; but why should it be more possible 
for the pagan Sibylls to foresee the birth of Clmst, than 
for Bacra, or such others. The story tlierefore is not to be 

Accoiuit of the death of Kethy son of Magach. 

This Keth was a powerful champion, and was a constant 
tlespoilijigplundererof theUltoniansin his time. Keth went 
one day into Ulster, to make reprisals, as was usual with 
him, and there came a great fall of snow; and on his return, 
with the heads of three champions wjioin he had, killed in 
this expedition, he was pursued by Conall Carney, who 
overtook him at Ath-Ceit, where they fought; and Keth 
was slain in the battle, and Conall so desperately wounded, 
that having lost a great quantity of blood, he fell down in 
a swoon upon the very spot where they were engaged. At 
that critical moment, Bealcu, a Conaoht warrior, came up 
and found Keth killed, and Conall at the point of death, 
and observed that pleasing w-ould be the news of these two 
hnj^lacable, who had involved Ireland in ruin and 
confusion, being in sncii a sad condition ; that istrne, said 
Conall, and dis])at(h me now in revenge for all the injury I 
have orcasiont;<l toCor.acht. I'he reason of his saying this 
was, that he would rather than the crown of Eirin, that 
some second champion should wound him, so that no single 
hero of Conacht could have the honor of his death. I will 



pe Bc)r TTiAjtB oujr <vn jtjocr ] n-A J]*^')^^' Bl^Sl^ beAp l]om 

t)0 "oean roriipac -'D]ny)]t l']<^*> 5^ pojo^alrvi l)orn o]ir ^<iC 
t)Oc<\]« -] 5dc Tjof raji hjomjnvo lee *]]» Chonactujlj, -j 

^u]t cu)]t lej^jO]- <\)}i <\u 50 bejc t)'A cjieAcru)!) cne]-ii)5f]. 
%<j ■00 nief imoityta, BcaIcu eipon t>o Bejc d5 rc<i]ino, -j 
* iie]>t ft'jn <i^ ya]' 4 ytjp oii, do i,.i1j e^U |te cConcvll c, 'j 
ollmu]5f-)o]v tjiia]^ Log tW clojn le Bealco].n Bjtcjyne pe 
mcjljAf ChonajU ry^e pjl ]'^^^ opce dj]^ <\ Vebiijo. bj'ce'o 
]:n(\j]t Conall 'o'))5 <i)j» 005.] na ccjl^e f]ii, j an oj-bce "oo 
Bj 4 BA]t(» yd'fi cclojn rec" 00 tjeAnAiTi n* yejlle, <v 'ouBv>]]i>c 
Conall }»e Bei-.lcojn 50 ccAjr-p^ow mAlftjjtr lepra r>'pA5a)l 
iiAjt) no 50 mujiiyer) e; \e)y f)n luj^^o]- B6<vlcu, ^e'}* 
Te)fc ie]]' e, ] Igbujt) Chonujll, •/ co Viij^ CoriAll *) lebuj'c 
Bh^Alcon, t;o rran54'c<j An rp]^ Icoc f]n ya clrtn to 
BheAlco]n •o']orij-n]^e pa leprA ] n-A mbjoo Conrtll, 511]* 
nisjbA-o A n-af ,\]|i ycjn leo. %-] 'co ihorii]^ jmo]i]io, CohaII 
latipvn A]]t ma|jbv\-6 a n-AfA]t ] n-A ]>]nf - fejn, to Tjn^ 
o]\]\^\, •] ins|bf:^ jAt) A -r]i]n]i leif, -] ■o')('enr<j lejp ]A'o mA]i 
•ion ]ic n-A n-AfA]]i, 50 ]\uz, A]]t nA niApac a ccjfi -d'a 
ccoiTi-TfisOj'oem 50 heAniujii ; -z^oua 45 msajTem ah 
^n'jOiiiAj'A A r<v An jiAU ]'0 aj- An ]-encup 

Fa to cc|tTU)b ('omi)ll Ccpno)5 

lonyiAT vl^AnAJi, ni6]t An moT, 

J]- ^n-]Tn Tp] mAcmBelcon inB]ie)pne, 

)^ njojn L u]5cP-c mjc r|») coon. 
■SonAo e m<|bAT Chojr mjc '-^0*540, •] BbgWon Bj^ejjrne, 
50 n-A r]t)u}i ]iiac 50 nii]5e ]•(>. &)^<^'o )]' )oniTA ^c<^ atBaI 
o)le lej]- yo, TO yedTpujfe to coriim^ojTeni A]]i ChonAll, 
fU)5f)om To'n i-i)\i yo ^(tn c;i)t j'jof. 

xY)]t njbejf, pTioppo, t' Ph(2li*,iif a]]^ •oc'opu)T|^(;r. ) 
cConAcrA)Vi, rijil* ] ffocajft 0(l)jli(\ -j 'AihejTBe e ) 'A^'i)^ 


not kill you, said Bealon, for you promise fair for death 
in your present state ; I will however take you with me, 
and try every remed}', and if you recover your illness I 
shall fight you ia single combat, and take ample vengeance 
for all the injuries and losses you have occasioned in Con- 
acht. He then placed him on a bier, and brought him to his 
own house, and applied remedies to him there until 
his wounds were heaJed. But Bcalcu observing Conull 
recovering, and his strength encreasing again, l)ecaine 
afraid to fight hun, and instructed three champions, his 
own sons, to murder him treacherously in his bed at night. 
Conall, however, suspected the whispering of this treach- 
ery, and upon the night that tlie youths intended to murder 
him, Conall said to Btidcu, that he must change beds with 
him, or b.c would take away his life. Bealcu then, though 
reluctantl3-, went into Conall's bed, and Conall lay in the 
bed of Bealcu, until the three champions, sons of Bealcu, 
approached the bed of Conall, and killed their own father, 
which whenConall perceived, he rushed upon them, and slew 
the whole three ; and beheaded them, together with their 
father, and brought tl>eir heads in triumph the next day 
to Evan ; wherefore, in praise of this action, we have the 
following lines from the Shanachus : 

Amongst the deeds of Conall Carney, 
The plunder of Mann, great the work. 
Three sons he slew of Bealcu Breifny 
And Looee a niigiity champion. 
Such is the account of the death of Keth, son of Ma- 
gach, aud Bealcu of Breifu}'. And although we might 
extol several other illustrious actions of Conall, we shall 
however on^t to mention them for the present. 

The Death of Fergus, son of Roy. 

Fergus, being in exile in Conacht, came to the mansion 
of Olioll and Meyv, at ]Mayeo, where their royal resi- 


<o), i)t ) jiajBe 'Dunphojit corrinnj^fe «c* an TAn j-jn ; -j 

U n-con TAp e]p-^]on<i ajjt Bjum^ Ioca oo Bj Iajtii ji]]- <vn 

l]op, ]*}»liur OjljoU *))t Fhep^uj' -oul co fnivm <i))t ati Ioc, 

1 r^jTD Fe|t5uf An. ?^j]i mbe]t cen* "o'Fligpjup <i- yn<vrii, 

gaBiiy m]An %i^-cV» t5iil "oo coiiipiarii ]t]\', '] n]]t noul pn 

loc T)) ] ppc)c<vjjt Fh(^}i5u|'<v, •00 5a1j car Ojljoll ii}nic yjtt, ^ 

ru5 <\)}i b)iArA)]i t)() ]:<^'jn, to Ijj ) n-A yoc,\)]j, rA]i b* 

«]Tim Lui,A}6 DA]lk')5joj-, ujicaii ]"lo)^e oo O(»)f)oni pe 

Fsi^S^f' BO crA)iU T]i6 n-<v cljab. r]5 Feji^u]' 3 r^jjt 

le sojn ATI ujicaj)! j-jn, ^ 5A)t;ef <»n rj-lo^ rtj- ycjn, 50 rrii^ 

4mu|* u}tcAj]> ^o hO)l)ll, 50 rrai>l<\ rjie mjolcojn no B) 

Iajtti ]ie n-(> CAjibrtr' j, -j lejj- j-jn ruj-jo]' Fcji^uf, 50 jju- 

Ajjt baj", 5U]t li4rniV)c]ori <v)]i lj)turtc <\n loc<v ctfrnA e. )[• 

6 «n F|j}i5U]- fo ro rfuytB Fjactia, ni<vc Concubajji, -j an 

CjieArnpeji ^f'jltpten, mAC NiolKiibA, 'j (3()5.mi, iuac Dujiji- 

fACT^, }t']5 Fejtnniujge, *| jonu-o cujut) ^ cAtinjleo ojle 

na6 lu<»)"6f«)rn Aiip). Jfe yop tug ah rA)ii ni6]t a liUllrAjB 

'e)f, tvA crAjnjc jomAt) iijic ^ ^j-OJiirA pjp ConACtAjB ■] 

UllrAjf), jonuj' 50 jiaBad^ ati t)uBlojnj;30p rA]n]c aj}* 

•oeo]iu)5ect le Fej'^uj- a liUllrA)B yccr mbljA^riA ) 

cConAccAjB, no t»cjc mbljAgriA ro jiiejji tiiojnje ejle, a^ 

"oeADATii |:jo]tlii)r, ■] yo5lA a]]i UH-acajB, r}ie BAy riiAc 

li-Ujynj^, ^ UllrA] j, ni^ a,i ccernA ac; TKAnAiti T5JBj:e)}J5e 

oppAyAn.. ■) A]ii y^l>A)B ChofiAcr, c)icp An rcA]n jju^ Feli^uy 

UAtA, 'j cjtcy jAC rocAji ejle "oa n-og]niA)o An DuBlo]n5]oy 

.1. An yluA5 'oeojmjfectA -oo 6iiaj6 le Fejt^iiy 3 cConAcrAjB, 

*j y)|^ Chofucr yt'jn mojB, joiiuy 50 jiaBat^ nA t)jof a ^ nA 

■ocAjfi t)0 jjjn^o^ l^t A])t l^r CA cejlc com mujj yjn, w;o 

j}-u)l)D leBA)|t ycftjobf-A oi»l»A, biiD IjoycA i»c A luAt) 1 bu«« 

yAQA ]ie A iFMr^'-^jr ^^"^ T^- 

Fjle 00 Bj A5 Cuncul').^, r>A n^ojjif j vVot) mAc Vvjiiin, •/ 
•00 Vj^cb A)ji ^^liA5Ajn .1. b^^n ChonciiBAjji c, a)|» ii-a 



dencc at that time was ; an J one day uiuMi they were walk- 
ing On the bank of a hike that was near the palace, Olit^ll 
desired Fergus to go and swim in tlic lake, and Fergus com- 
pHed; Fergus being in tlie water, Meyv wa?i desirous ot 
swimming along with him ; and having gone iiUo (he water 
x^'th Fergus, OHoll becanic jealous, and conuiiatided his 
brother Looee Dallegas, who was with him, to throw a spear 
at Fergus, with w4iich he pierced him through the bi^east. 
Fergus on being wounded Came to land, and drew the spear 
out of his body and Hung it at OUolI, but pierced a grey- 
hoiuid that stood near his chariot, atid then foil down and 
immediately expired, and was burred upon the bank of 
the hdic. It was this same Fergus that killed Fiachna, son 
oi' Conor ; the redonted Gerrycn, son of Nilla; Owen, 
son of Durhaght, king of Fermanagh ; and many other 
iieroesand warriors, whom ue shall not mention here. It 
was he also who carried oft' the great spoils from Ulster, 
which caused so many misfortunes and dissensions between 
the Conaciansand Ultonians, .-io that the exiles who went 
into banishment with Fergus from Ulster, were seven years 
in Conacht, or as others assert, ten years, plundering and 
destroying the Ultonians, on account of the death of the 
sons of Usna ; and the men of Ulster on theii'part making 
reprisals upon them and the people of Conacht for the booty 
which Fergus carried away, and for every other mischief 
done by the exiles or followers of Fergus, and by the Con- 
acians themselves; insomuch, that the losses and injuries 
sustained on both sides were so numerous, that whole 
volumes have been written upon them, which would be too 
louff and tedious to mention, or take notice of at 

Of the death of Lcarij the Victorious. 

Conor had a poet, whose name was Hay or Hugh, son of 
Annin, who used famiUurities widi Mayain,* Conor's wife; 
VOL. T. O o this 

*■ Some copies read Mungin, others Manan, 


yiorirtctujn ]*]n r)0, aj- j bji^r; jui^ <v)]t Aft jfjl)"^, a iu]» t)'^ 
bacA-6 J loc La)5<\)i>e, ■) riiTi5cir)^ ^ponj lejp A))* jrojjtAty 
^" 1*)'^5 5"r <^^ ^^^ '^'^ barAt) ; a]]* ti-a yA)cj-]Ti f}n tjo 
jtccrajiie L^o5A)]tc V)UAt>Aj5, rc'jt) ^o Lco^aijic, •] a -oubA]]** 
?iAC jiAjbe ] n-C))t}?i ajc j d-a nibajf yjoe ad \]\c act ) n-A * 
•6oiiU]-|-An; le)j- j-)iil]nc;}0]- J.<oz;A)}te ahiac ']rAJ^lA y:A)ir)o]uir 
All c)5e '00 ciil A cin 5ii]t Iiliji'jot) a ]'e)cne, ^j ta e)j' x]n 

'P'SPr S<^ t)ArACtAC AJJt CvVC, 5U]> Jb^b ]AO, 'l 51I1V VUj]l£.6 
All fjlc JC]!, •] C'A^AJ- pejFl A})> An IalA}]! j-jti. BonA 3 fjn 

c]ijoc L<o^A}]te baAT5A)5. 

)rt]i ni^bAt) OjIjoIIa le ConAll Ccajiuac, r>o ciiajo 9ti£ol> 
•oo curiinupe 50 hJnjf CJor]>Ari, a)}i loc Rjb; j A)j»Tnbe)t 
n-A coTfinn)t>e Aii f]r\ rj, but) ^e][- c} j yejn "o'irof ju'i^Ar) 
j"An rol)^ DO b] j nooini]' ha bjfip) ^a^a iriAjone, -j Ajjt ta* 
eloj' |-)n ■o'Fliojibuj'ce, niAc ConcubAj)t, tAjnjc U n-^on 
50 huAi^njoc 'o'pjoi' An robA]]t, -^ -oo t:6inu)|- le pnAjfe. 
Ijn 6 b]*UAC An robA)]* ^uj- ah le)t: ojle oo'n loc, -j bejjtjoy- 
An tOTTiAp cet>nA lej]- 3 n-\JllrA)b; 1]XQP ^o 5n3ot>, ■za 
cuft3lle 00 cufi } rrAlrTiA3n '| cg,n An rj'nA)re ©o cen^Al r* 
5AC cuA3lle r>job, 'j libAll no cuj» 03^* ttiuHac cuA3lle aca 'j 
e f e3n "oo f^i'Atri A5 An ccuA3lle ojle, -j bejt A5 j-jonlAtnAc 

Ap A C}tAfirAbU3ll 50 CtUgAt) Amup AJ{> ATI uth^ll t)0 bjO'O 

A3)t ba|>)4 An duAille, 50 mbuAjljotj <3. Do ciectAtS ah 
clu}fce p3h le3f, 3oruip 50 3»A]b coriicl3pre aj]», ^o nAi 
tcjbjOD <on upcAj> A)}t ^An An r-ubAlI •o'Amup. cajjIa ~]\a 
50 bl*o^ ** 6)j* p)n c6ifica3l 3'03]t UikACA}b, •] ChoriAC-A]S 
t>o 5*6 103^ oo'n rS)onu3R; a ^ 1n}p Cloc;]uTl, 'j -35 Fojibujcc 
A n-o3ft 3 ccoin6A3l nA n-\VlltAC, -j mA3'o3n ^a jiAibc au txi> 
GoriA3lic %(^rb t)A yorjujgAO pi^3n, AthA}! ]to 61^crAt) pAT^ 
r.ub^ ]iiArn}iA3t)t:e, *] lejp p3n t)o 503 clod t>']n3olI 3 n-A 
t:l»AnT;Abu3ll, 50 tru^ ujic^ xj'a h}onpii3t>e, gujt Aniu3p nA 
hcAtJAn 3, 50 {fUAjjt bAp A3IV An lAtA3Jt p3n, 3^ mhv]i octr 
mbljA^n* 'oeA5 -jcojqic p3t;3o 3 ccs^Mup ChofiA^c ij. Cu^Am^ 

♦ nuAp 


this being discovered by the king-, he ordered the poet L» 
be drowned in Leary's lake, and he was l)ronght there for 
that purpose at the command of the king. Leary's shep- 
herd seeing this, went and told his master tliat they could 
find no other place in Ireland to drown the poet but before 
iiis door, Leary immediately rushed out, and the Untel of 
ihe door struck the hind partof his head, and fractured Jiii* 
scull ; nevertheless he ran furiously at the people, slew 
them all, and delivered the poet, and expired upon the 
spot. Such was the unfortunate end of Leary the Victo- 

Of the death of Mcyv of Croghaji.^ 

Olioll being killed by Conall Carney, Meyv went to re- 
side at Inish Cloran, on Loch Riv; and during- her resi- 
<3ence there, she used to bathe every morning in a spring, 
©n the shore of the island. Forwe^ son of Conor, hearing 
this, came one day privately to the fountain., and mea- 
sured with a line the distance from thence to the other side 
of the lake, and brought it widi him to Ulster, where he used 
to drive two stakes in tlie ground, to each of which he 
fastened an end of the line, and placing an a})ple on the 
point of one of them, and standing himself at the other, 
he continually practised throwing with his sling at the apple 
on the top of the stake, until he used to hit it j this exercise 
jbe used until he became so dexterous, that he never failed 
a single throw to strike the apple. There happened in a 
short time a meeting of the people of Ulster and Conacht 
on both sides of the Shannon at Inish Cloran ; Forwee came 
from the eastward, in the convention of Ulster, and in the 
jMorning saw Meyv as usual bathing in the very same 
spring ;heinstantly placed a stone in l^isshng, and casting it 
at her, struck her full on the forehead, and slie instantly 
' expired, after having enjoyed the government of Conacht 

* Or Cruaghan, «r Crftogban,* 


<v nuAf <»ii ]-o ^ivTjKvn i\)]t na cuji.irii)!) »i]]> niliejr n'»\ liicr 
coiii<»3'n|-)]ie 45 '?Ol']t>Vj -bo]]'), 5]fo-o yjll).) >ni a)]» Cooha)t) 
yc'jrljoc ^ jij]". ~]ij mjc -j rjij ii]iiz;]niia t>o !>j t\5 Oc)i\\)ri 
y(.']r.5 )C .1. B]ie]-, XAjt, •) LofA]!, ii,v r]i) nijc ; -j Cjfiu; 
ii»\fi\c, Clof jivs -jS'syx^V) ('i))MUH>»ii riv; rjij Iiju^joua, <vir.A)l 
«\ rcjji an yjle ]-an juvH po : 

Tji] h]n^]<jn,t Oocajo }:e]'pl]i;, yiiAjri) a]]\ p)clv\. 
Cjfne luvfrtc, V\l5o-c^j <-\())n C']nii»Cv\n, •] C'l()r]i>\. 
X)o 'hv^^^s\m a^f,\pvp a ]tjp itjjt C'lionr iiVu(, ) c'ii]]iy]<)ni 
Yyyy rtTipj cujr rW -ralnjl). Va h] ]nt,)(jn Cocajr SaiVjuj-oe 
■DO flu nA(ra)V) A iii,\r.\)H, 7)a''\\ IVajnin Ncj'A, ^ tio v,Ai]<fi 
iiAjfc t' ; 5,)fco y.i la' I'acrna yarac, iiuu' C'a)]-, ifijc 
TUit>jui)5o, rso j-Jjcicr I]i, rigc 'A^jljor, y^ h^>fa])» r>o, •[ 
<jn trtn ro b>iT.j na coj^eotij^ A5 J'M*)^^')^ reojfAM ^aca 
coiBlt* yA lejf, <4y AH rii5 CajJiIjjic NiAyejt Jijj Laj^joti j 
cconivOin ]njjne Concubaj}! r'ya^A)! ti-a nin.o] -oo yt'jn, 
A^^ m]\\ a ra 6 loc an coj^jo ) iTiB]te5ii)l), 'j 6 riioinAjp 50 
yajji^e y.c coj^jo UIap, -j rji] tiijticA 6l-ao johiIaha ^^^s 
niijic I']!!, ATiu]! A rfc]]» An y]lr> : 

DiA ]JAnrA (■ 6]5 coj^)^ Gjn^n, , 

loijt TA niu]|i, mop An cer>, 

Ihij; r]ij r]i)n(;A ccad Io cujB}t]on 

C'oiirul)^, n) i'a)jlcnf; Deg. 
Fc)l]iii miAC]iofAc Ajnni ha l)jn5]nele jyuA))* na yocA])ip), 
•) TO <-uA]o 5'* liAjniii^APAc Ajii culoo le CohaU CcjinAC 6 

'OaIa Chon( iiVjAjjt, rA|ilA niAc -j yjce A)b^> ') ^" l^'if^ 
cojtbAoroiontiiniinejyc^ejicii-AihAfAiit, SO)ni5 yj Cojtmac 
(..'oiilujn^joy r)ij, jonan ]ni()]i|iA, CojmiAc, '] Cojth-niAr, 
^^ ^V]t b'M* *^ ^1<^' co)tl)At) 00 ji)ne CoTu'iibv) C'o)imAc 
)ic n-A iii',»fA)|» yt'jn i ^ Jp } nt)jol an ii)i5;nj()riiA yojn ro 
fiiAf.{ A ihrjc u)Ie 5An ryljocr ac- T-pji'i)), nis| a -a B^Ha 
6 ]»Aj?rjo)t r'<^nr)»o)5e J Livjii* u jJAjtJtjojt LAihjvoji^c; j 


*IIc is rencmlly called Conor Mac Ncssa. Some write this name Concovjii* 
or Conqiiovar, other* Connor, or Conner. Th? Irish jjioriotmce it Conna- 
boor, and in sonic places ConXuvar. *Tis now in gL-ncral written Connor. 
•|- Sec pigc 14 r, an J fpr the extent of each district or harony, sec page i j;- 


ji'metj- eight j-ears. So far we have digressed and i^ranched 
into an account of the heroes who nere cotemporary with 
Meyv, we shall now return to Eohy Feileach. This Eohy 
had , three sons and three daughters; the sons were Bras, 
Nar, and Lohar, and the three daugiiters Eihne Uaha, 
Clora, and Meyv of Croghan ; as the poet thus obser\-es: 

Three daughters had Eohy Feileach, loud their fame, 
Eihne Uaha, Meyv fair or Croghan, and then Cloi"a. 
We shall now go back again to Conor, and mention some 
of his actions : His mother was Nessa, daughter of Eohy 
!Salwee of Conacht, and from her he obtained his sirname ; * 
his father was Fachtna the wise, son of Cas, son of Rury, 
of the line of Ir, son of INIilesius; and when the pro- 
vincialists demanded the boundaries of each province to be 
setded, Carbry Neeafar, king of Leinster, in consideration 
of receiving Conor's daughter in marriage, gave up to 
Ulster all the country from Tara, and Loch an Coga in 
Moy Bra to the sea, containing three entire distrcts of land; 
as is thus mentioned by the poet : f 

lOirin into five provinces divided, 
From sea to sea, great the concession ; 
Conor acquired three districts more, 
A tract not small or narrow. 

Feilim of beauteous form, was the name of the lady by 
whom he procured this accession of territory, and she 
lasciviously eloped from him, with Conall Carne\'. 

To return to Conor ; he had one and twenty sons, and ia 
a fit of drunkenness committed incest with his mother, 
which produced a son named Cormac Conlingas. Cormac 
or Corb mac, signities ason begotten incestuously; and he 
was so called, because Conor committed corba, that is, incest 
with his own mother; but as a punishment for this horrid 
crime, all his sons died without issue except three, namely, 
Banna, from whom Bantry obtained its name ; Lavra, from 
vvhoni is called Lavree ; and Glasny, who gave name to 

Giasree ; 


Bl<»]fne 6 i^<i]r>-)o}t*'5U|-]io]^e ; 5i"r£-6 nj pi)l Ti(-i be* H 
«j}t j-ljocc DA 'o]tu]n5C f) ] n-Cji>jri a iir>)u. 

Conculu]^, m^c r\\(?:rn<v yaf«\]i, ') .\ l»]ia]fj>e, aj- ]A'9 
riiz; CAT- ?;onii]5 'A>iic»\ "00 01j(»1j»v11 ©jatiBujIIjoc, ttiac 
rtj]tr]t']n5 l,oi'K\n ; ba r)o<v]ii]m r]tA <jn j'liu^, 15sO) m<j ccn 
]c mac ]t] 15 Loc!.\n <in ran i*i)]"j <»]]> ^^c^* ^o ^>\V>a]l 
C]]i£n, ^5 c6j5]()'6 Uiai vvp An rAn^Anajt rt]ii rriip, -j 
rp)4llu]t3 poinp* ]sj f)n 50, 'i<iA^ '-^Oaca. Do 7-)n6)lpAt» 
cUn* Ilu5i»u)re um ConcuB^ ] n-iV5A]-6 n* n-rtUiriu)it)4c 
t»o t*hi]]ic CAVA t)6)13. ?^ "DuBajltt BgnAfi ^ituA-ofoIuy, 
TTKtc CdtBujt), ]te ft imupr])* <vn can fjn, jj* tejic B^ |-lo)5 ' 
A Ullr*, ^ fc, •} 4)' 65 iXThulcdc 5<»c con *5U)B; cltea-o t50 
oeAnam ujme |-)n, <»}* cac ; 'c^Anu}©, ^ Bcnuii, rAbjiujti 
jomAt) X3''olu)ri \c]r. \]Yi ■] cjiUAjricepjluj'o ah oloH "oa Ba}* 
ri-A)5r]B, '] Inii moj-cc b|iA)n 'j ^5!* da n-Allnm]f6AC 
jt6ri7a]V) an njo rjn, ahiajI b* lt)oi;Lo)C f)B. Do jijnior'.j 
"UIa]o coTfiA))ilc bhpnrt]f), ^Ac oon bA hAmnlcAC, .1, ^ac 
<on A)|i nAC i^Ajbc ]:ci:|-65a aca, ru5Ao An cat ]A]t]-]n, -j 
eo b]i)pot) "TO riA liAlimuitCAjb, •) fo cujitjot) a n-A]t Afi • 
j^onAO 6'n ccAc ]-]n Vionu)^ '^sjAiA a t>uB]tAp UIa]© Jiju. 

2)0 t»'af Ck'Jit £tn)c, rtijc CorcctihtjT). 

^ |-e n'ln ]mo]t)iA ta rrajnyc a V>a]'. CuciiIaiu tso ciiA)tj 
*'7'^S'"1"^ ^'lif 1'?")'^' 5'^ ^5ArAj5, ,bAn5A]]•co•6^u^ t50 Bj ] 
ii-'^vilbuin, ■} r<»)i!a )nj)<)'n i\r\)T) ] n-'2ill)U]n an tap yjn rA]» 

•vo ChojncciiiAjn a)|» a Ajcofct-Alu]!"), ^o rrAjnjc "o'a irioj-, 
1 j^ujt cuma]]-c ]•) y-t'jn ] VucuIajh jic cojlc 5<j rrA}»lA niAc ] 


* The icecunt of this battle it altogether suppressed inO'ConncrV trantjution. 
f i. e. Denmark, or Norway. 


Clasiee ; but even of these there is not a singk deseeudant 
at this day alive in Irelaiul. 

Of the battle of J^nagh Macha, fought by Comr 
and his Brothers. * 

Conor, son of Fachtna the wise, and his brothers, fought 
the battle of yEna^h Macha, a;j;:unst Davall the hard-smiter, 
son of the monarch of Lochlin. f Innumerable then were 
'he forces of lung of Luclilin, in theirexpedition to invade 
Ireland; inUlsterrhey landedfu-st, and then marched forward 
to the plain of JNIacha. The clan of llury assemble under 
Conor to give battle to the foreigners, Gannan of the 
lightsome countenance, son of Calfa, then addressed his 
followers, and said, few are your numbers, soldiers of Ulster, 
and young and beardless ye are. What, therefore, shall we 
do? exclaimed all. Take, said he, a large quantity of wool, 
and firmly bind it to your faces, afid greater then shall be 
the fear and panic of the foreigners, supposing you all to 
be ro^-al champions. The Ultonians who had not beards, 
observed the counsel of Gannan, and the batde was quickly 
fought, and the foreigners routed with dreadful slaughter; 
wherefore from this battle of i^nagh IMacha the Ultonians 
obtained their name. 

Of the death of CouJtVch, son of Cuchullhi. 

The following circumstance was the cause of his death : 
Cucliullinwentto study feats of Valor under Soaha, an heroine 
who resided in Scotland. % Tliere was a beautiful young 
lady in Scotland, named Aifa,§ daughter of Ardyeim, who 
fell violently in love widi CuchuUin, from his lofty fame, 
and came to visitliim j and after a short intimacy she proved 
♦ with 

X In tlleiUe of Sky, where, it seems, this famous amrZrn rcc.iveki htr bcvrif- 
!a«spupil3, aad gave Jc;"^ons in the arc of war. 

§ Pronounced Eefa. 


n-A h^of} ; '} *)|i mbejc A5 rji)*!! j n-Gji+jn t>o Chojticcu- 
l*jn, ]ajt fjro^lujm n<v ccl^f lu]t 6 SgdrAjs, rC-jt 00 
cejljobitdt) t)'?^o)]:e, -j 7115 6]inaj-c .1. fK\l)jiA6 ojjt, t)), 'i <v 
©ubftjjic \i]A A cojTTi^ATJ ^o bt'jr ]>nu t'a hiac, •] aj]* 
mbejf: jnjretjmA t)o, An ylAbiiAo 00 cu]» Ic]]- An mAc cuj^e 
ft'jn m^ coTTivjrA cjnce a)- a n-AjreonAo c. No, •00 j'te)]; 
r'jnijnge e)le, jot) ojp, '| a t>al3A^)tr )t)>v An ran tdo Bja-o a 
rilAC COTfj A]1]1ACrA •) 50 IjOnjTAO A nii^]t An ]or, A cu)* ©'a 
yjof pejn ) n-Gjitjii, -j fop ro ciijH rjtj ^c^j-a Ajjt An mac 
]t]A tr^cc ] n-C)]t)n •oo ; aji ccao t^t-)]- x>y)T}, ^^^^^ j'^cpa^ 
ylJ5e r>o r«;;^nArii'o\on cu)tA]'r, nA tio cAjfiiijljo ]An -ooiJiAn ; 
Ati nAjtA Sejj', ^An a A)iini ro calJAjjic t]^o. o\ori 
l:oc yAn bjofc ; An t:]i^i' ^ejy ^An coni]»A5 ^o]ny)Jt oa r]io]|') 
<v)it rAlriirtjn, t)\)bAt3. J<j |yAj', j j^j jyojibAjitr jniojiju^, oo'n 
mAc f jn, -] )<i lyo^lujm cley n^ojle ^j n5A]]-c)t) -bo 6 IjAnajTe 
nACcu]>At).i. S5ACAC, r]i]Alluj-)n-G)|t)nr'y]0|'CJioncculA]n, 
yA hAiA)f» t50, 1 Aj]i jiocrAjn rjjie xjo'n inACioni, rA]tlA 
Condub^ 50 mA)r;)b "UlATb, ) noAjl, no ] n-ojpectAy a^ 
ri»A6r C)y) A)]t A d^fi, *] cu))t)oy Concul)<| ko6 oa rntijM-jjj, 
■o'a n^ojjifj Cujnjpe, ■o'yA^Ajl yccAU uajo ; ni<j fA}n)(; 
jnioltl^A, TOO Vataj)* An rbAc.ojni, yi<^y]Hi)5£y a Ajmn oe : 
nj yloriAjm me ye)n t)'<onl;oq Ariuvin Ajjt oitujm cAlriiAjn. A]t 
ConUoc, t)ll)oy rjJA Cu)nj]ic j^o Conciil),;j, •) noctAy An 
r-A)f]0]-5 yjn t)0, Ic])- yjn rcjrt CuculAjfi •oo bimjn yc(?Al 
•oc, 5)r£r) nj |fUA)ji act: An y]>eH,]»A c6-onA 6 Oionl^oc, -j 
comj^ujcf^lt leo ^o yuiljoc ]ic cejlc, 50 jiAjbe Conkoc a^ 
t)i4ofcA-c ChoncculAjfi, ftc- ^e'ji ni6|> a cpo'OACC, ) a cAlniAcn 
}n 5AC coiVilAn )i)Ajh ]to]ri)e yjn, ]onny 511)1 IVi'j^jon ro 
t5iil yAn Ar tjo b'yojjyc too, ^ a f>\V)vV]iir y,v 'oojia <\]Jj L<:05, 
mAc R]An ^AbpA, An ^a bolj^ ■o")nj(jl •00, 511]^ ^^''■1]^ ^1^^ 
cojip Cbonlcojc (', ^onAt) ni^yjn tAjnjc a bAy. 

Eii]5, A Vt'A5-^6))t, t)A ccnjjijri y)oy ApTyo, n^j •oi-) fnjt 
CutiilAjfi le clAnAjb CajIjcjti, -j I-Vjiojat, tuac I)Ani.\)n, le 



with child ; Cuchullia being about to return to Ireland, 
having completed his education in feats of valour under 
Scaha, went to take leave of Aifa, and having presented 
her with a chain of gold, charged her to keep it until her 
son arrived to man's estate, and then to send the youth to 
him with it, as a certain token by which he should know 
him. Others affirm that it was a golden ring he gave her, 
desiring her, when his son became so full grown that his 
finger would fill tlie ring, to send him to Ireland; but 
before his son should come to Ireland, he laid three injunc- 
tions on him : the first injunction was, never to give way 
to any hero or champion in the world ; the second, not to 
confess his name through fear to any warrior living; the 
third, not to refuse a challenge from the most powerful 
champion on earth. The young man however, having grown 
and increased in strength, and learned exercises of war 
and valour from Scaha, the female preceptor of heroes, 
sets out for Ireland to see his father Cucbullin. On his arrival 
he finds Conor, and the nobles of Ulster, in assembly or 
convention at Tract Eisi. Conor sends one of his soldiers, 
named Cunner}', to inquire who he is; who approaching 
the youth, demands his name. I tell not my name to any 
sintrle warrior on the face of the earth, savs Conlaicb. 
Then Cunnery returns to Conor, and relates to him this in- 
solent answer; thereupon CuchuUin sent to obtain some 
account from him, but received only the same answer from 
Conlaech. A bloody encounter then ensued, and Conlaech 
was overcoming Cuchullin, so that although his prowess and 
valour were great and conspicuous in all his former combats, 
be was obliged to take refuge in an adjacent ford, and call 
to Lay, son of Rian of Gavra, for his spear, with which h^ 
pierced Conlsech through the body and killed him.* 
If, reader, I were to relate here the death of Cuchullin 

by the sons of Caletin, and that of Ferdia, son of Daman^ 
VOL. I. P p by 

* See this story, and Cuchullin's lamentation over the body of his soa 
finely and feelinglj at forth by aa anciejtt bard, ta Mi«» irookc'f rcli^uet 
of Iriib poetry. 


Co]nccul(Vjn, -j n* yccr %a]nc \\\ vUu "d'O]])!! mop, -yoo 
^ihejDD, -J ]omA-o ojlc to cujirtmjV) cAlm* riAC <v)ltni)^r(^p 
Afij-o, 50 Tnbjtvjr) ecrjtA aioBal ju- rt h]omluA-6 o]>]ia, b3'^£'° 
maf m(t]r l^r a jfjoj- 50 y6)]»lcrAn r^'yA^A]!, le^f^ji lee 
Bjtji'lec ^(.^liu]5e %ii)]tfe]nine, Oj^jo riA ccujiAri, no 
rajn bo Chii<v]l5ne, no Ta^n bo Re^Amujn, no Dgjt^jiiKvfAp 
Chonu]l] Chertjinu]i, no Fc)|- G^nma, no Tiijn bo Fljot**]]'} 
no <v j-ATnn]l o]le yo do prA] )>]!), n rii ]ie jfAjcpn ) n-6)|t)fi 
A fixsju, 1 "00 ^sbA)|i but) 50 Ijonrf)^ A]p an T'iio3n5 ru<vf, 
•) «)]i pniAt) to cu]u-6(X]T5, ■] ro cAjrmjI^tajb ojle, ■) rt]]i <v 
iTOdbvjb, 1 A]]i A n-]mrecr.;]b ]onrrt. 

^cr c^nA mgpAjnn dac )nt>^Ant-A t»e)imA'o t50 Chojnit], 
mv>c Dajfie, <*T^ro, ^An yA^njn a bAjj* ro cult ]-'iop, A)}t' 
mbejr ] n-A rjien to, 'j ] n-A y']o]\ c6riiA]m{-)]ie A5 ConcuBij, 
*jA5 nA cupAtJAjB. %opAn ^^AnAiiAC mAfAjji Chonjij, mjc 
DajJic, AifiA]! A -cejp An yjle yAn pAnpo : 

^^ojian ^<iAnAnAC mjAt) nc;le, 

In^^n )]i, riijc Ujnrj'oe, 

S]u]i GacAjt) e]cBeo]l yii hj, 

^^Atdjjt Cbojipj, liiejc DA)]t']. 

Cp) liA]CFngT)A jmopjiA, 'CO fptjnygpujb '00 Bj ] ccorfi 
<jmr)P ] n-Gjpp, -jnj jiAjB pompA nA o j-jn a le noniACAjB 
^0)!e-c) bA mo, -j bA AitjiActA, bo cjtocA, -j bA cAlmA, b* 
cljfne ) cclgf AjB jojle •] b*)r&)'° ]""* 1*^' "^ "M' cojifiepT* 
F]An LA]^gn ]i]'.i. ^n ceAr> A]cine rjoB, CupAjt) nA 
Cp^jBejinA^rje pA CboncuB^. Vi'n cajia bAjcme &AmAn]iu)B 
Jop^Ajy DomnAjfi, yA 0)1]U y]ori; -j An T"]tey Ajcme, 
CIaha Dggu)© yA Chojnjtj, niAC Da)}i], ) n-jApr^ 

^ ye nj ttA rrA]n]c bAp Clionp) ; Cojm^jji^e to cuatj^ 
cujiA]5 nA CpAo)Be]niA]-6c tj'Aji^iijn ojlcjn nrnpA \\]rh ]ie 
b^ibAjn ©'a n^Ajjtfjop '-^^iAnAjfi, m^ a ]iA)be jomAt) 6)}t, 

* Curl or Curigb, i. c. the ro3'al cliampion, is pronounced Coorce or 
Curee; the genct;-e case i; Conrigh, and the dative Coinrlgh. Cii enter* 
iuto nnany Iri^h names, as CuchuUin, Cuconacht, Cumara^ &e. 

• • •}• i, c. Having lips like ahorse. 

"* The Ftaian kero«>, » body of troops commanded by Finnt son of Cotl. 


by Cuchullin, and of the seven INIainies, sons of Olioll 
and Meyv, and of many other vahant knights not here 
mentioned, the recital would be a vas^and laborious un- 
dertaking ; but if you wish a full account, you may consult 
the Signal defeat on the plain of Murhevny ; the deaths of 
the knights ; the cattle spoil of Cualgney ; tiie cattle spoil 
of Regavan ; the bloody enterprise of Conall Carney j 
the convention of Evan ; the cattle spoil of Fleeyas, or 
other tales of this kind, still to be seen in Ireland, and you 
will there find ample mention of the above, and of many 
other knights and heroes, and of their memorable enter- 
prises and expeditions. 

I think, notwithstanding, that we should, not forget 
Curigh,*son of Darry, here, nor omit to mention the cause 
of his death ; being a champion, and cotemporary with 
Conor, and the knights. Tvloran of Mann, was the mother 
of this Curigh Mac Darr}-, as the poet thus observes : 
Moran of Mann, her honor pure, 
Daughter of Ir, sen of Unshee, 
Sister of Eohy Eihveol fwas she, 
And mother of Curigh, son of Darry. 

There were three tribes or orders of Champions at the 
same time in Ireland ; and before them, or since, therewere 
not of the descendants of Milesius, any set of men taller, 
more manly, more courageous, stronger, or more expert 
in feasts of valor and bravery than they ; f )r, the Fian of 
Leinster| were not so nuich esteemed. The first order were 
the heroes or knights of the Red Branch, commanded by 
Conor; the second, the Gawanree of Irrus Duwnan, § under 
the command of Olioll ; and the third was the Clanna Daee, 
in the west of Munster, commanded by Curigh Mac Darry. 

The death of Curigh was brought about in the follov/ing 
manner : the heroes of the Red Branch united to plunder 
an island near Scotland, called 'the Isle of ?>Iaan, where 


§ Called by M'Curtin, The Keepers of Irrus^ fee page 369, where this 
word is rendered £;i^/«f//-. The passage wss untortuniuly alteicd duiing the 
Editor's absence of a few days from town, aad should riin thus." The Rath or 


T *)^5)'P) 1 )ol'Ti«))n)r, ^ jomAn rio j-eo'Ok^jIi u<v}fle o)le, i 
jnjjon alujn <ontum» 'oo cjil <v]}t niriAjb «v coihaimpjpe, ) 
ccj^uji, 1 3 I'cejm <»5 '^)5£l*n4 An ojlejn. BUrnujo y* 
liAjnm ti), ■] m^ too cuaIajo Cu]>j tia cujiujx) a^ tjijAll pn 
Tujtur ]"iTi, cujjtjo]' e yejn rjte •oji^joi^cr ) mbjiej^ytjocc 
go rif^cAjt) ]'An comoa)!, "\ Ajjt mbejc A)]t tj A]]it)te An 
ojlejn iDojb j jfop^Ajj^ )|-£]i If<*l5>*> 'oo ni^f aoaji "cocaiimv)! 
ifjoit oo liejc oojlj ] n^ABrtjl ati oujn "oo bj j-ati o)len, m^ 
<v jtAjBe BUrnu]r, •) j-cojce uAjple ah 0)le)T» ujle, a]]» 
t)Ajn5Tie An t3u)n, -j ajji ]omAr> n* miiujnbe "oo bj 'g* 
cofnAHi. ?^j' An j-jn A iouDajiic Cu])'), to bj a pjocc jr)]t 
«n b)tu)c lacrnA, rii ffA^At) Jio^a j-eojo t>a )iA)b j'An tiun, 
go ng^ba-o yejn An xsun t)6jb; sellup CucuUjn fjn tjo, •] 
lejp j-jn cugAT?^ A n-ucc A)jt An oiin, -] yey» ah bjtujc 
Irtccna ] n-A trorAC, ^ujt pAptat) ah ]iot ^eprljtse co 
Bj A]j» j'jubAl A]i» 'DOjiup An ounujo leji", ^ujt lej5 cAd 
*r^£^' ^Mji iiAjifSjot) An tjun Ico, -j 50 tr^up-at) BlAtnu)t> 
*] A jtA]be to f-eo)t))b uA}fle An Ap (CjiiAllAjti aj- ]-)n j 
T)-6jH]n 50 jioccAjn GAifinA cojb, 'j ajji jtojn na peut) t)&]h 
jajijtui' ye}^ An bjuij- UcrnA jiogA fcojt), Ainail to b^llAw 
TO ; ©0 gebAjji, A]lt CuculAjfi, mAjyet), ^ ye, Ay j BUcnujo 
mo i'to^A TO iU yeoj'ojb ; to it05Ajn to iia yeojTjb ojle 
h\i]T, A}» CuculAjn, Act BUrnujT Aniiijn ; nj ^eb v\ mAlAj]tr, 
*1* TSP *Ti B}iu)r kirnA, lejy yjn ]Ajijtuy Cujij t^jtAc A]]* ' 
BhUtnu]T t»'yuAt>Ac, ^.o tru5 Amuy 6y ^yjol ii])>]ie, 50 
jiug le)f j ) ccelcA)]* T]i<o)t)ecrA. '?<i<} to riiorup CucuIa}^ 
cAybu)© nA bjr^jne Ajjt, to rr.ey gujj Ab e Cujij JIU5 leiy 
i, il^nuy A]]t A lo]i5 50 iiejuiiojitjoc jat To'n ^.huniAjn, 
50 iiUfcOjijift AgSoIcojT, 'jbejjijTiiA rjtejnyjij A]jt A cejle, 
T to 71)T glejc cujiAtA, iAlniA, 511J1 rjiaybJiAt CuculAjn le 
^'^V^V]y T 5" ^^"5 ten5<*l "* <-"c6j5 cciol a]]>, gujt psujb j 
r-A cjnijic cijjbjij^te Afiy^n c, jrt]; nibejijuT a yujlr Ic n-A 


Fort was thtn begun by the Cawanrcc of Irrus DoTnian, .nnd in cnc day they 
*ofiirklcd the ftEie ct this jtrcng hold of ILohy." 

♦ Litcidly, he irflicted on him the fctttiiiig cf the five finalls ; thsi«a 
pai-lic iiJitjii ti£i.ifyiDi; that ht Lur.c! his cttk, Trifis :,r.d at.lKs. 


tlsere was a great quantity of gold, silver, jewels, and 
many other valuable articles, and a lovely marriageable , 
young lady, who surpassed all the women of her time in 
exquisite figure and beauty, the daughter of the governor 
of the island, and her name was Blanaid. When CurigU 
was informed that the heroes were setting out on this ex- 
pedition, he transformed himself by magic into a disguised 
shape, and joined the party ; but when they were on the 
point of plundering the island, disguised like jugglers, 
they judged that there would be great difficulty in taking 
the fortress in the island, in which were secured Blanaid, 
tindthe valuable treasures of the whole island, on account 
of its strength, and the number of men who defended it. 
Then Curigh, who was attired in a coarse grey habit, en- 
gaged if he were to get his choice of the treasures, that be 
would himself take possession of the fort; Cuchullin pro- 
mises this, and immediately they attacked the castle, with 
the man in the grey habit at their head, who stopped the 
motion of an enchanted wheel that was placed at the castle 
gate, and let in all the troops, by whom the fortress was 
sacked, and Blanaid and all the treasure borne away. They 
then set out for Ireland, and arrived at Evan, and on di- 
viding the treasure, the man jn the grey habjt demands his 
choice of the jewels, as was promised to him; jou shall 
have it, says Cuchullin ; well then, sa3s he, Blanaid is 
the Jewell clioose ; take your choice of all thejewels, ex^ 
cept Blanaid alone, replies Cuchullin ; I will not exchange 
her, said Curigh, and thei^eupon he seeks to carry her oSt 
by force, and having surprised her unperceived, took her 
away concealed under an enchanted mask. WhenCuchulhn 
perceived that the lady was missing, he suspected that it 
was Curigh that stole her off, and pursued them directly 
to Munster, and overtook them at Sulchoid ; the champions 
engage, and a brave and well fought contest ensues, hut 
fit length Cuchullin was overcome by Curigh, who tied 
^m neck and heels,* and left him shackled like a captive, 



H jfrtgljvi]! ChoTiccuUjn ten^ujlce auia)! A-oulJltAi-n^. C]j^ 
)Tnopii4, le]j- ]}n L«)5 mac 11]A)ti gAbjiA, -j ]'&<o)l^f tjo 
Cho3nccul(V)n, -j rii]i>lla]t) Af j-p 50 ruAjfcg)^- "Uivvo, bUjt 
<3r)5£t)Aii lft)Tii ]»e b^rmjB Bojfice <\)lt y^-o blja^n* ^ax\ 
T^tz ] ccomiDA}! jfg|t n-UUo no jup p^r pole ChoncculAjn, 
-] ) cc)on riA bljA^tiA ]')n tAjik CucuUjn ivji^ b^nujB Bojpce, 

t)0 t)}iu)Tn n* m(V}i4, 'j *]]♦ jtocr<\]n 3 ■ct]]\ wjId, lerup A)it 
<v lo}i5 }<vx5, T TD^bAp d)' <v c]iAnt<vbA)ll lejp An cclep r>'i 
ii5A3ytf} tA3rbe3m, cati a^ %^c c\i]t rjob, gujt rh^B An 
t>u3B('An oe36)onAC -ojolj A5 Si+um Bpo3n 3 n-3<ir^ '^^iuman, 
T Ab "J'bo^ * ")*t* '°° T"*]^ Blftr;nu3-6 50 hvu3t,iiec lA3m 
\ie F3on5lA3i-e ) cC]^]m]vef m<j a ]\A)^e ovinphoitt 
c6mnu3bte Chorijij An tan ]'3n, 50 trajtlA coniAgAllm* 
^topiiA <i «}n An TjiAc p3f», bUp iiocc r3r] "oo nAC r»*)b a)J» 
T)jiu3ni •6oinA3n yg]^ bA ahj-a le 3nA e, ^ 3<}jiup A]}*, An 
rpATfij:u3n pA ngpA 1603^, t^cz Ijon pluA^ tj'a bjte3t pe3n 
*]^ *)r "o *]1* ^)5P" ^*3r» T BO nibAt) cojiU3t)e 00 r3n 00 
ceAnATn, ^o tt3ucpA6 63 pejn An rjtA3t f3n Cuyij ro ^e]z 
3 n-UArAt) r^uA^, -J pocu3t)e. "BeUAp CuculA3n t)3p) 
ro'35ecc pA'n Am p3n "oa hjonj'U3'6e ; ce3l3ob]tA]' le3p p3n 
3mopjtA, "63, -J rjt3Alluj' 3 n-UllrA3l3, -j noctAj^ An 'CA3I t)o 

DaIa Bl!lAtnu3ne, a t5uBA3]tr jie Cojnj^j giiji B' 0)]Jc30f 
"CO cArA3yt x5o "oeAnAtfi •co pejn, beupAt* h^]^\\ ^)\^ Ppt>' 
j^l)ojirA3l5 Gijtg'n U3le, ] ^uj* Ab AihlAio b* (:}'0]]\ p|n X50 
•oeAHArn, CIaua De5U3t) r>ocu|t 'oo cnuAp ac,'|'oo c]ui3ri3ri5A'6 
A jiAba-o^ t>o T3A5A3bc;loc n-A p^pAni 3 n-G3]i3nro"6eAnAm 
CAt^AC '60 pc3n : -j pA c}t'30CA3b 3nic3ArA C3j]iofi a jpAt) 6 
Cho3nii3 ]»e recr ConcculA3r\ ta bjicjc pe3n 1a3i\ 
v(3Jt nA clop p3n, 3mo]tjiA "00 Cho3ncculA)ri 50 |ii\bAt5<j CIaha 
1)^51136 A3P nA pcAMjiAt) pA G3|t3ri m^ p3n, r]»]Allui"6p3j-3ol, 



after cutting off" his hair with his sword, and then carried 
away Blauaid into the west of Minister. Then, however 
came np Lay, son of Rian of GavTa, and unbound 
CuchuUin, and they set out for the north of Ulster, where 
they r^esided near the peaks of Boirche, for the space of a 
year, without appearing in thecouncil of Ulster, until Cuch- 
uUin's hair grew again, and at the expiration of the year, 
happening to be on the peaks of Boirche, he saw a great 
flight of birds coming 6n the sea to the north, and on their 
landing upon the shore, he pursues them, and by a feat 
called Taveim, killed one of them with his sling in every 
district he passed through, until the last of them fell at 
Smv Bron, in the west of Munster. On his return from 
the west, he found Blanaid in solitude, near the Finglass 
in Kerry, where Curigh had a palace at that time. A con- 
versation ensued between them, in which she declared to 
liim, that there was not on the" face of the earth a man she 
loved more, and entreated him to come near Allhallowtide 
with an armed band and carry her off with him by force ; 
and that he might the more easily accomplish his design, - 
she would take care that Curigh should al that time have 
but few soldiers or attendants. Cuchullin promises to come 
to her at the appointed time, and then takes his leave, and 
sets out for Ulster, and relates the adventure to Conor. 

In the meantime Blanaid told Curigh that lie ouo-ht 
to erect a palace for himself, that should exceed all the 
royal palaces in the kingdom, and that he might do so by 
sending the Clan of Daee to gather and collect all the large 
upright stones in the kingdom to form this palace. Blanaid's 
reason for this was, that theClan of Daee might be dispersed 
in distant parts of Ireland, far from Curigh, at the time 
that Cuchullin should come to carry her off. Cuchullin 
being informed that the Clan of Daee were scattered over 
the kingdom, sets out privately, and soon arrived at a wood 



50 ]ia]ii)5 ] TToojiiecojlle to 13) Ujm jte Vongphopr Chonjtj, 
'J 4]]t mbcjr; <»n pp po, cujitjo)- j-ceuU O]* ^j-^ol z,o Bl<vfnu)» 
e f^jn no Be)t *n |*]n 50 fluA^ ) n-* -pocAjjt, •) <k j-c com<jrA 
TDO cu)|» y] ^'^'Ib^ 50 tijojTyjot) clo]'D)orh Chonjtj, •)le]]' yjn 
50 ntsojjjryjot? •oaBac lerhpticrA no 15) I'An Ijo]- jtjp an yimfe 
t)o B} <»5 ]"n)6e 6'n Bajle zHca\' <vvi ccojU } n-A ]t<v]Be Cii- 
cuUjn : ]<»]t cclo]' (\n coTfi<ir<v no, n'] cjin no Bj, ati tdft 
no co^^^]\^c «n )"imc ban 6'n mbajue, •) le)f yjn rugan^ 
4Tnu]' Aj]t an lon^phojtt; -j no Tjngjon^ an I}oy aju Chojnjtj, 
^uji majtban leo e, a]]i mbeic ) n-a <on<j s;an<jm no, 50 
]«U5l-4n BUrnu]n ] n-"Ullra]b leo. Fjon^laij-c jmojijia, 
pa ha]nm no'n tpiiut jiejriijiijnce, «]jt mbejt |r}on 6'n 
mbajnc nj. 

Tejn yjle Chon]tj, Fe]pce)}ttne a ajTim, ] Tinia]^ BhUr- 
Tm)ne ) n-VlUrajlj, jnno]^ 50 jfuj^bjon aj^ac ajjt Bhlarnu]t» 
t30 rh^Ban jnnjo^al Choniij, j ajjt poctain j n-Ullt:a)B no, 
pua])t Concub<|, ■) Cuculajii, -7 Blarnujn' ^50 cconinail 
jompa A^ l»jn C)nn Eejta, ^jmajtno com]|tc an yjlcBUt- 
nup jn-* fej'Arh ajji 15}tuac a)lle an, tejn na hjofij'ai^e, -j 
janaf a Varh* ujmpe, ^uji cu)j* e f^jn ^ j n'ujidaji ii)p an 
4]11, gup TTiapbananilajo j-jn lan. 

^.^(i. 3952— Do ^aB eoca]n ?^]P)om, mac Fjn, nijc 
F]o iiloga, lijo^act Gjjten n* Bljagajn neg; af ujtne 
-00 b^lT^^J Cocan ajpjom ne, no Bitjg gujt ab e no 
iocajl uajm ajji ttrup ] n-G))!]!! ; ajjtjom, )mo|ia, <vjt 
uairn .1. rpeBan, no coca)l uajriie : -] pa neijtjon no f iijr 
An t-Coca)n fj !e Sjonmall 1 ffji^rhajn T^r j:a. 

3694 — Dogab e|n)jtfc^l, mac Gojajn, ifijc OjljolU, 
jijojact; ejl»en |-e bijagna, guj* uf:]c le Nuanajc N<^cc 
) n-^)ll)n. 

3970 — Do 5Ab Nuana N^cr, mac Senna S)ocUajc, 
no f)ol Cjponiojn, Jtjo^adt; ejjtj^n lejcbljAgap. ^j« 
uime no 5*11*-) Nua^A N^cr -9^^ 6'n jfoc<»lfo, n}x, j, 



near tlie seat otf Curigli, and sends secret!}- to inform 
Blanaid of iiis arrival, with a large body of troops along 
with him. She sends him word that she would steal Curigh's 
sw,>rd, and then as a sign of attack, that she would spill 
a lafge vessel of new milk that was in the hosise into the 
iivulet which flowed from liie castle througli the wood 
where Cuchullin was couceajled. Having heard this, in a 
short time he perceived the stieaju white with the milk, 
when, sallying out, they forced into the palace and slew 
Cufigh, who was aione and unarnied, and tool; Blanaid 
away with them to Ulster. This ri\ erthen was called Fin- 
glass, from being made white v\ ith milk. 

The bard of Cmigh, * wliof.e name was Ferkerthney, 
followed Blanaid into Ulster, in hopes of being able to 
killhcr ill revcngeforCurigli, and on his arrival found Conor, 
Cuchulhn and DIuaaiJ, with their attendants at the promon- 
tory of ■Cann-Barry ; tiie bard seeing Blanaid standing on 
the edge of"a steep rock, weut towards her, and clasping 
her in his anus, threw himself headlong with her down 
the precipice, and ihey were both dashed to pieces. 

A. M. 3952. Eohy Arev, son of Finn, son of Finlow, 
of the Hue of Eirevoii, reigned twelve years ; he is called 
Eohy Arev, because he was the iirst who had a grave dug 
in Irelaqd ; Arev. (A][>5.U!) means digging a grave. He was 
kiJled at length by Slicemal, a-t Frawin, inTaffa. 

A. M. 39G4. Kdirsccl, son af Owen, son of Olioll, of 
the line of Eirevon, held tLe soveveigntj' of Ireland six 
years, and was killed by Nooa Nect, at Allinn. 

A. M. 3970. Nooa Ncct, son of Sljena Sheevac, of the 
line of Eirevun, ruled half a year. He was stiled Ncct from 
the word «/.r which siguiifies snow, for his skin was compared 

VOL. I. Q 4 to 

* The Fileas were poets or bards, a.'id philosophers, ar.d wtll skilled in 
^1 the learubg of the times. 


pti^cTA, 6j\i no j-AmvvlrvO) gjlo 4 cne^y ]i}i" ati fnccr* : ^ no 
iujr An NuatiA yo le Co!i>v)]ie '^>boif, nicvr e)o]it|-ceo)l, ) 
ccAt CIpc, ) n-UiTi-fljion*. 

?<. %. 3970. Do 5<vB ConA)]ie "^Ciojt, ttiac Gjrjpi'ceo]!, 
jijo^i^cr G)}i)(nr5eicTnhl]A^nA A]]i y]C)t5,noT50 jtejprjiojn^e 
o^lc, ioc]c mbljA^na ajji r)ti p)0)o; ']rorii)rAn €01143116 
^<.bTjji j-o ] nibpn)5in OA-rgjig le h^'jngcel aoc 6 Con- 
incise, •) le clojfi l)ii]n Deuj-A '00 La] jn)lj. 

^^. %. 4000. Do ^rtb LugAjt) Rj<»b- n-o£]<5, mac n* ctji] 
ff)netr.n<i, ni4c CocAst) jrej'ol)^, m]c F]fi, mjc FjonlogA, 
pjo^Act G)]i^n pjcjt) bljAgA^n, no ro jit'jjt Tjto^n^e ojlefe 
bija^nA 4]pj:}c-)r. D(j]ibo)]i5A)ll, jn^jon ]1J5 LocIah y* bgn 
•00 Lu^Ajo R]Abn"o£|i5. Jp ujme 100 ^Aiitrj Lu^Ajtj 
R)4Bnr»£ji5 t5ej -00 bit)5 ^o ]>(\)Tie cjojicA)!! ^£115 n^^1°^^ 
A bpA^At) ^c]0}icA]U o)lc r]mc]oll 4 mgriojn ; 6]]i ay ja© 
PA r|ij F]n no jtjne ]te n-A nr5e]jibf']A]t c. Ciorju, jngjon 
CocAjo Fe)t)l)0c A hAjnm, a)]i mbejc «))♦ mejpce t)0]B, 
goTiA-o 45 yA]r^^)r *" ^njomA I'jn 4 ta ad ]i4n f gn6ii]-A yo 
])0]-4i-4rruj5]:jr£it5ufi Ab]4nClorJ<A fo leiiiit;At)Lu54Jt) 
RjalJnt«]<b "o'& ■D£|tlj]tAjc)i]b, Jtug C)i)onir:A]n NjAipnAjp 
ro'n Lu5A]t) c^T^n4 yop yA mAc r) yejn ; 45 y o An jiAO : 
LiSgAjoRjAbiiDgp^ TO Ch}i]orhrA)f1 CAjn 
Fa liAtAjji, )y yA b]iAfA]]», * 

)y C]or|iA An cjioiA ^nArajt) 
D'a mAC "00 bii~6 yoniiiArA]]!. 

Do mgyAib An t]\<s yojTi 511]^ Ab ]ie VnAC rjoft 'ci'it b'A]iin> 
Na]i, yA corniA]l a jtA^Be <Vn rjo)icA]ll iiAcr<j4]5 
yiuy ro Lu5Ay6 R]Abnr(^}i^, 1 V*^ ^V^Y * ]i*)1'>e )t>j]t An 
•CA c]o]icA]ll, -) ]»e Lof^ A jtA)be (Vn ida cji)oy y)oy. ^y 
ATftlA]t> TO fii]r AnLu^AjT yo .]. Ip^joo Ajjt A clojTjom TO 
jf^ne, no Ay to curiiA a ciojne yuA))^ biy. 

^. '^(.i. 4020 Do 5aB ConcuB^ ^1)Jiat])iiat, hiac Fjii 
Fbil^T, rii)c RoyA RuA]T, rh)c FejibUyA FaiIi^c, mjc 
\uATAr N^cr, jt]oiALC (?])t'^ri^oti bljA^Ajn A7tiA]n, '*<,]■ ujme 



to snow ; he fell by Uie hand of Conry More, son of 
Edirscel, at the battle of Clia, in Idrone. 

A. M. 3970. Conry More, son of Edirscel, held the 
sovereignty thirty years, or as others say seventy. He was 
killed at length at Breeyin Da-yerg, byAngkel the blind, 
son of Conmac, and by the sons of Donn Deasy of Lein- 

A. M. 4000. Looee Reevnerg, son of the three Finav- 
nas, sons of Eohy Feileacli, son of Finn, son of Finlovv, 
reigned over Ireland twenty years; others say twenty- 
six. His wife was Darvurgaill, daughter to the king of 
Lochlin. He is called Ileevnerg from his having a red 
circle about his neck and another about his middle, and 
vv^ begotten in a drunken fit by the three Finns,* upon 
their own sister Clora, daughter of Eohy Feileach. This 
fact is recorded in the following ancient stanza, from which 
we learn that Clora, who bore Looee Reevnergto her bro- 
thers, bore also Criffan Neeanar to the same Looee, her 
son ; the lines are as follow : 

Looee Recvnerg to CrirTan fair 
Was father and was brother ; 
And Clora too of form divine 
To her own son was grandmother. 

It was supposed at that time, that that part of Looee 
Reevnerg's body from the upper circle upwards was like 
Nar, that part between the two circles was like Breas, and 
that the remainder downwards bore a resemblance to 
Lobar. This Looee put an end to himself by falling upon 
his sword; though some say he died pf grief for his 

4020. Conor Avraroe, son of Finn the philosopher, 
son of Roijs the red, son of Fergus Fargj-, son of Nooa 


♦ Called the three Finnavnas, see page 367. They were sons of Eohy Fei, 
lc3ch by his own daughter Clohfinn who bore them at one birth, and they 
following thtir father's example committed incest with their sister Clora 
and begat Looee, who again had a son by his own mother. 


CO 5(»)l»rj ConculjAjt ?i^]t<vt>}»uA]t> no, to hp% ^u]y aH 
pAlipao* jniAOiV no 15} a^ a f^)l)^> '■> '] V<^ ^^'}1^^'^ "^^ ^^jr ye 
le CjijorfirAjn N')At>nAj». 

4023 Do ^»vB Cit)OTfir*)n NjArti*]), mac Lii)5r))OcR]al5- 
*^'0SP5j l^PB**^' ^11''^" r^ bl]v»5ni\ ^5^5, <v|' ujnie co 54]lir) 
G]i]oifif Ajn NjA-Pniji ■oc^, 6)]t jr jcjivAO n}i\6 •] SAJi'Se^*^) 
no r)i^nj:e]<, '] ]]' ay tuz^A-b }^^]^ a]]», ipo Bjij^ ^ujt V)o n^it 
lA]f A 5e)n£TTio)n ]•?}]» a rcuBiiAtA]]! "j AiuArAjji. ?ir\ t^ja 
bljA^Ajn to5 •CO Yl\)^)<>f An ClijtjoitiiAjn j-o ro ini^A-c 
ClDOSc. ^ 

Jf fc An CjijoriicAjn I'o -co ciu)6 )]• Au t.Acr]>A ojHojjiv; 
tA}t mu]it, r)A rru^ le)]' jCojtc o)]icrpfA, ]OTi-»>\n coaii- 
bAt) n-oyfoA, 'ipmAn lyjrc]!! ii-o]]), v;o rr]«j ceoA;B ^^m 
glojnpe )fire ; -] 50 lejnjr -i-Ajr-t^iiiA)! 50 mb)Jecr|iArN6]i'6A, 
rug clajr-joiTi cAtbuA'cAC Ia],- 50 n-]()l<j nAjfjtjoc Ajt tuv 
ytjonAt) AH "oo TiiA]]-e 6]|» A^rle^ccr; ]'c]A]r; 50 inbocop)^~> 
*]P5P ^J^tj' ' r'Sb "^* ^^'^^' ~^u],mo)rer» <on ■Ov'i nj^onrio 
t)] ; TAbAp. Aj- nAc rejl^rj u];con ii-jomjuijll, oa cojn 50 
j'lAbjiA'jD n5«^lA]]»^]'b (\Arc]t]iA rio b"j:]n cer^ cuiuaI ]a» 
niAjlie jie mojiAn tjo f co}TOjY) ()]!e nAc aj^M'^M'^^I l"*-'^' ^^T 
ftniU)© t)0 bAfUj^jot) All Cii]oij)-A]n yo .). ru)r)ni'o'A ec ro 
P]T\e, 50 ffUA)]t biv}' 50 5}«(iri tjiv e)]' ]')n. ^ a rcjjijt* a)»o|1c 
15U]t Ab A c()ori c«)]ci]-c A]|i f(i)j- j<i rro]5;oct ro 6 n-a 

CAct]iA ]niA]]» baj- ] nDun CpjoihrAjn j n-GACAjji, no ^ 
nibjfi Caou))». 

• Wjoc HA <iVAt> Jicinc. 



Nect, reigned one year only. He was stilod Avraroe from 
his red eyelids. He was killed b}- Criffan Nceanar. 

4023. Criffan Neeanar, son of Looce lleevnerg, reigned 
sixteen years. He is called Neeanar, i, e, the abashed 
heroc, from ?J'eca iin heroc, and Nar, shame, because 
he was ashamed of his birth, being the son of his bro- 
ther by their common mother. In tiie twelf;h year of 
this prince's reign was born our Saviour .lESUS 

It was this Cridan who went on the f\nious exjiydition 
beyond the sen, and t)rowg!it home with \\m\ .several 
costly and famous curiosities, among which wore a gill; 
chariot; a gold ep chessboard inland with three hundred 
transparent gems ; a bear.tiful shirt or mantle enibroiuered 
with gold ; a victorious sword prnamented with a \aricty 
of serpents, inlaid with gold ; a shield eniFosscd 
with pure sliver ; a spear from ^vhose wound no one ever- 
recovered ; a sling that never mi.ssed the mark; two grey • 
hounds'.vorlh an hundred Cuwals,* chained togclher with 
a silver chain ; togctiier \\'vA\ many other precious tilings 
'.vhich we shall not iiere mention. Cri.O'an's death was oc- 
casioned In- a fall from his horse, which proved fatal in a 
short time; and others add, th?t ithnppened about six 
weeks after his return from hi^ expedition, at Dun Crifliip, 
jiear Howti). 

END or VOL. I^ 

* Clival or C-jmul means the vaiue of three milch Cows* 




dftLNAGH Madia, account 
of the battle of, 595. 

Ale, first introduced, 175. 

Alfred, kii.g, his pedigree, 111. 

Algar, Earl of Chester, flieg to 
Ireland, 281. 

Alphabet, Irish, borrowed by 
the Saxons, 83. Hebrew, 
Greek and Latin Alphabets ~ 
inscribed on wooden tables, 

Amazons, their origin, 215. 

Amergin, see Avergin. 

Annals, Irish, 97. 

Arannan, son of Milesius, 
drowned, 291. 

Ardlevnachta, remarkable bat- 
tle of, 315. 

Arnolph, earl of Pembroke, 
marries an Irish princess, 

Attila, king of tlie Hun's, 217. 

Avergin, his decision, 391. 
Bacra, the Druid, 383, 
Bactrians, their origin, 215. 
Banba, name of Ireland, 117, 
149, 289. 

Barclay, his lies, 71. 
Bards, hereditary, 87. 
Barrow, river, its source, 29. 
Battles fought by Nevvy, 179. 
by Eirvon, 3 1 1, by Irial, 321. 
Bealcu of Breifny, his death, 

BearlaFeini, 229. 

Theibi, 229, 273. 

Bees abound in Ireland, 19< 
Bishops, Irish, 141. 
Blanaid, story of, 403. 
Bologues, invade Ireland, 187, 

divide it, 189, defeated an^ 

tly to the isles, 195. 
Books, Irish, 97. 
Bracelets, 237. 
Braganza, called after Braha, 

Braha, emigrates to Spain, 25$. 
Brains of Meshgayar, 379. 
Brehons or judges, hereditary, 

Brigantes, 279. 
Britain, Etymology, unknown 

to the English, 35, Keating's 

conjecture, 185. 
Brogan's tower, 255, 261. 



Byrnes, not an English tamiiv, 

Cabhin?, of the Irich, T!. 

Caicher, a Druid, lus prctliction, 
'26], desires t]>c seamen to 
stop their ears with *vax to 
avoid the k Tens» 251. 

Cambrcnsis, his talshoods, 19, 
21, .31, 

<-'am«]cn, ditto, T.t. 

Campion, ditto, 79. 

Cann Barry, his f'oHy, .S^,"). 

Canterbury, sec Clergy. 

Caciive, 15P. 

Carbry ]Sln<c, 50.). 

Carmna, 126, 32). 

Casar, invades Einn, 151, false 
accuonts of hty. It.'). 

Ca^ho), its name and when 
ionndfd, 157. 

Cuvit'iiagiiK, not an Enylisii fa- 
mi iy.- ST. 

Chronuiogy, 10,". 

Clergy,, how far subject 
to the see of Canterbury, t)"/. 

Conacht, divr.siotis and extent 
of, l:)l, its name,}. "3. 

Conall Carney, story of, 579i 

Conhtci;, mcount of his death. 

Conor, king of ULster, puis 

to deatli the sons of Csna, 

37:;, {omnnts ii>cesl with his 

iiiOther iV'essa, 39.3. 
Conry iViac Darry, see Curi^li. 
Corrhac Conlingas, 39.S. 
Coronr.tion of Irish Kin(t;s, 201. 
Couell, ;;bbot of Jknchor, Q'J. 
Cialiinv the harper, .story of, 

Criflan I\eeanai', 409. 
Crcni Cru, an idol, 323. 
Cruihni, sec Picts. 
Cuthuliin, .-!toiy of, 397, 4C3. 

Curigh, son of Barry, his pro- 
vince, 135; account of )\\» 
death, 395. 

Dalgnat, story of, 165. 

]>anes carry oll'lrish books, 99. 

Dary Dovhath and the five 
Looce:, 311. 

Deirdry, tale of, 371. 

Desmond, its extent, 139. 

Dialects of the Gadic, 229. 

liihorba, slory of his sons, 'Si3t 

J)oiin, shipwrecked, 293; 

Drunisncachta, book of, 215. 

Diu'lijig- first introduced, 175, 

Eaniania, see livan Maclia. 

Eihne, fed oji huinaa flesh, 15. 

Eire or Kirin, 117, 289, inval- 
ed, 119, |;1. 

Eirevon drives the Picts to 
Scotland, 317. 

Eiver and Eirevon -divide Ire- 
land, 301, liattle betv/een 
I hem in which Eivcr is killed, 

Eiver Scot, 2 15. 

English hyspitably received in 
iiX'land, 281.\M-ilers, their malice, 9. 

Eohy Avraroe, his provnice, 

Eohy Feileach, divides Iieland. 

Eohy Uarkas, 337. 

Eviin Macha, palace of, 3-1-5.. 

I'ail, isle oC 1 17, 

Eate, stone of, i iTP, 

Fawn, hunted at ''I'altiii, 341. 

Ecniaii dialect, 220, 

Eenius I'ar.^a, his descent, 215, 

his learning, and t)i'; .schools 

established by him, 2.?3, 

Fergus., son oi Hoy, account 

«f, JiJ7. 



"^is book is due on the (' 
1 defin'*^^ '"' 



i|i III mill Ml II 1 1 III III ll|l||