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Full text of "The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom : extant, extinct, or dormant"




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THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 



7 c^ V. fc-c 

" THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 

OF ENGLAND SCOTLAND IRELAND 

GREAT BRITAIN AND THE 

UNITED KINGDOM 

EXTANT EXTINCT OR DORMANT 

BY G.E.C. 

NEW EDITION, REVISED AND MUCH ENLARGED 
EDITED BY 

THE HON. VICARY GIBBS 

WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF 

H. ARTHUR DOUBLEDAY 



VOLUME III 

CANONTEIGN to CUTTS 



LONDON 

THE ST CATHERINE PRESS 

34 NORFOLK STREET STRAND 



f 



BRTSHAM YO'.fMG UN!VER5^TY 



oQnyn UTAH 



INTRODUCTION 

TO VOLUME III 

In sending this volume to press the Editor desires again to 
make his acknowledgments for help received to the genealogists 
v^^hose names are mentioned in the previous volumes. The additions 
to the original edition which deal with the politics of individual 
peers, are, as stated in vol. i, p. ix, inserted on the authority of the 
Rev. A. B. Beaven, who has in Appendix I to that volume explained 
fully the principles by which he has been guided in classifying 
them by party designations. 



CONTENTS 



Page 
INTRODUCTION v 

THE PEERAGE alphabetically arranged 

CANONTEIGN i 

CUTTS 583 

APPENDIXES 

A SURRENDER OF PEERAGES IN ENGLAND J89 

B A LIST OF PEERS AND HEIRS APPARENT OF PEERS WHO 

SERVED IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR OF 1 899- 1 902 . 592 
C SOME OBSERVATIONS ON MEDIEVAL NAMES . . . .597 
D PEERS PRESENT IN AND ABSENT FROM JAMES II'S IRISH 

PARLIAMENT OF 7 MAY 1689 631 

E PEERAGE TITLES CHOSEN TO COMMEMORATE FOREIGN 

ACHIEVEMENTS 635 

F SPECIAL REMAINDERS GRANTED TO COMMONERS . . .637 
G PEERS AND PEERESSES CONVERTED TO THE ROMAN 

CATHOLIC FAITH SINCE 1850 639 

H PROFUSE CREATIONS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE IRISH 

PEERAGE . '. 642 

I PEERS WHO VOTED AGAINST THE THIRD READING OF THE 

REFORM BILL 648 



THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 



CANONTEIGN 

See "ExMouTH of Canonteign, co. Devon," Barony (Pellew), cr. i8 14. 

CANTELOPE 

The title of Lord Cantelope was assumed by Lord Zouche of Harring- 
worth in or before 1552, but not on any good ground. If he claimed the 
Barony as h. of the body (he was really only coh.) of William de Cantelou 
of Abergavenny (^d. 1254), this William was not, according to any doc- 
trine, a Baron of Parliament. If he claimed as the h. of the Lords of 
Ravensthorpe [see Cauntelo], he was only coh. general, and not h. of the 
body of William de Cauntelo, sum. in 1299, and could not therefore, 
according to any doctrine, inherit his title. 

CANTELOU or CANTELUPE see CAUNTELO 

CANTELUPE 

i.e. "Viscount Cantelupe " (West)^ cr. 1761 with the Earldom of De 
LA Warr, which see. 

CANTERBURY 

VISCOUNTCY, I. Charles Manners-Sutton, ist s. and h. of 

Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury 
I. 1835. (1805-28, d. 21 July 1828), by Mary, da. of Thomas 

Thoroton, of Screveton, Notts; was b. 29 Jan. 1780, 
at Screveton afsd.; ed. at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge; B.A. 1802, 
M.A. 1805, LL.D. 1824; Barrister (Line. Inn), 1805, and subsequently 
Bencher; Judge Advocate Gen., 1809-17. He was M.P. (Tory) for Scar- 
borough, 1806-32, and for the Univ. of Cambridge, 1832-35. P.C. 8 Nov. 
1809. Speaker of the House of Commons in 7 successive Paris., June 
18 1 7 to Dec. i834,(^) but in Feb. 1835 was rejected by a majority of 10 
(316 to 306) in favour of Abercromby, the nominee of the Whig party. 
Registrar of the Court of Faculties of the Archbishop of Canterbury 

(») His wife's brother, John Denison, also became Speaker in 1857; ^^^ ™^ 

OsSINGTON. V.G. 



2 CANTERBURY 

1 827-34. G.C.B. 3 1 Aug. 1833.0 Three weeks after his rejection for the 
Speakership he was cr., 10 Mar. 1835, BARON BOTTESFORD OF 
BOTTESFORD, co. Leicester, and VISCOUNT CANTERBURY of the 
city of Canterbury. He m., istly, 8 July 181 1, at Lambeth Palace, Surrey 
(spec, lie), Lucy Maria Charlotte, ist da. of John Denison, of Ossington, 
Notts, by his ist wife, Maria Charlotte, da. of John Horlock, of Ashwick, 
CO. Gloucester. She d. 7 Dec. 18 15, at Ossington. He m., 2ndly, 6 Dec. 
1828, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Ellen, widow of John Home Purves, da. of 
Edmund Power, of Curragheen and Clonea, co. Waterford, by Ellen, da. of 
Edmund Sheehy, co. Tipperary. He d. 21 July 1845, at Southwick 
Crescent, Paddington, of apoplexy, and was bur. at Addington, aged 65. C") 
Will pr. 16 Feb. 1846. His widow d. s.p.m.s.^ 16 Nov. 1845, '^^ Clifton, 
CO. Gloucester, aged 54, and was bur. there. Will dat. Oct. 1845, pr. 
Jan. 1846. 



n. 1845. 2- Charles John (Manners-Sutton), Viscount 

Canterbury, ^c, s. and h., by ist wife, b. 17, and bap. 
22 Apr. 1 8 1 2, registered 20 July at Lambeth chapel; ed. at Eton. A Con- 
servative. He d. unm., 13 Nov. 1869, in Chesterfield Str., Mayfair, Midx., 
aged 57. Admon. 29 Nov. 1869, under ;^2,ooo. 



in. 1869. 3. John Henry Thomas (Manners-Sutton), Viscount 

Canterbury, fePc, only br. and h., b. in Downing Str., 
27 May, and /J"^/). 8 June 18 14, reg. 3 Aug. at Lambeth chapel; ed. at Eton, and 
atTrin. Coll. Cambridge; M.A., 1835. Registrar ofthe Court of Faculties of 
the Archbishop of Canterbury 1834 till his death. He was M.P. (Conserva- 
tive) for Cambridge, i839-40,(') and 1841-47; Under Sec. of State for Home, 
1841-46; Lieut. Gov. of New Brunswick, 1854-61 ; Gov. and Com. in Chief 
of Trinidad, 1864-66; Gov. and Com. in Chief of Victoria, 1866-73. 
K.C.B. 23 June 1866, G.C.M.G. 25 June 1873. He ;«., 5 July 1838, at 
Great W^itchingham, Georgiana, da. of Charles Tompson, of Witchingham 
Hall, Norfolk, by Juliana, da. of Thomas Kett, of Seething Hall, in that 
CO. He d. 24 June 1877, at 12 Queensberry Place, South Kensington, 
aged 63. Will pr. 26 Sep. 1877, under ;^40,ooo. His widow d. 14 Sep. 

(^) This distinction was at the express desire of the King; the Order of the Bath 
had not been conferred on any of his predecessors in the Office of Speaker, excepting 
Sir Spencer Compton. In 1834, after the destruction of his official residence, to- 
gether with the Houses of Parhament, by fire, he brought an action against the 
Crown claiming;^! 0,000 for loss occasioned by negligence of Crown servants, but he 
did not succeed. See 8tate Trials, N.S., p. 768. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(•>) He is described as having "a commanding presence, sonorous voice, and imper- 
turbable temper," and as being particularly efficient in dealing with the private busi- 
ness of the House of Commons. V.G. 

("=) Really a Peelite, becoming later in life, like many of Peel's followers, a Liberal. 
V.G. 



CANTERBURY 3 

1899, at Seething Old Hall, Norfolk, and was bur. at Bergh Apton, in that 
CO. Will pr. at";£i7,8ii. 

IV. 1877. 4. Henry Charles (Manners-Sutton), Viscount 

Canterbury and Baron Bottesford, ist s. and h., b. 
II July 1839; ed. at Harrow, and at Magd. Coll. Cambridge. A Liberal. 
He m., 16 Apr. 1872, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Amy Rachel,(*) da. 
of the Hon. Frederick Walpole (3rd s. of Horatio, Earl of Orford), by 
Laura Sophia Frances, da. of Francis Walpole. 

[Henry Frederick Walpole Manners-Sutton, only s. and h. ap., b. 
8 Apr. 1879.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1 8 8 3, consisted of 5, 1 77 acres in Norfolk,valued 
at ;C8,399 a year. Principal Residence. — Witchingham Hall, near Norwich. 

CANVILLE or C AM VILLEC*) 

BARONY BY i. Geoffrey de Canville or Camville,(') s. and h. 

WRIT. of William de CanvillEjC^) of Clifton Campville, co. 

. ^ Stafford, Llanstephan, co. Carmarthen, Fedamore, co. 

~^-'' Limerick, and Caher, co.Tipperary (who d. in 1260, before 

Michaelmas),^) by Lucy, his wife (living 14 Aug. I2 84).(°) 
He was of age, but not yet a knight, before 20 June I272.(') He was 
in the Army of West Wales in 1282,0 ^^'^ "^^^^ ^^"^- ^°^ Military Ser- 
vice from 12 Dec. (1276) 5 Edw. I to 21 June (1308) i Edw. II, to attend 
the King wherever he might be,(«) 8 June (1294) 22 Edw. I, to attend the 
King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, and to Pari, from 24 June 
(1295) 23 Edw. 1 to 3 Nov. (1306) 34 Edw. I, by writs directed Galfrido 
de Caunvilla, Caumvilla, Canvilla, or Cam-villa, whereby he is held to have 

(») She became a Rom. Cath. in 1 897. For a list of Peers and Peeresses who have 
joined this faith since 1850, see Appendix G to this volume. V.G. 

(•>) This article has been kindly contributed by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(•=) His arms were. Azure, three lions passant Argent. The name is probably 
derived from Canville in La Manche, not from Canville in the Pays de Caux. 

(d) This William was and s. of Geoffrey de Canville, of Clifton (dead 1 2 19), by his 
2nd wife, Leuca {d. 1236), granddaughter of William de Braiose. By his ist wife, 
Felice (da. of Philip de Worcester), from whom he was divorced on account of 
consanguinity, Geoffrey had also a son, Richard. The half-brothers had a long 
dispute about the manor of Clifton, which William claimed from Richard, and it was 
finally adjudged to him. Geoffi-ey was s. and h. of William de Canville, by Auberee 
(living 1233), da. and h. of Geoffrey Marmion, of Clifton, and of Arrow, co. Warwick. 
Auberee and her husband are stated by Dugdale and others to be the parents — instead 
of the great-grandparents — of the Geoffrey in the text. 

{^) Curia Regis, roll no. 1 69, m. 8d. Coram Rege, Easter, 12 Edw. I, no. 83, 
m. 22 d. Assize Roll, no. 802, m. 53. 

rre/sh Roil, 10 Edw. I, m. 6 d. 

(8) It was accordingly ordered that he should not be sum. for Gascony 14 June 
following: he was however sum. therefor, 16 July. 



4 CANVILLE 

become LORD CANVILLE or CAMVILLE.(^) He »;., istly, Maud, 
widow of Nicholas Martin (s. and h. ap. of Nicholas fitz Martin, of 
Cemais or Kernes, co. Pembroke, and Blagdon, Somerset), da. of Guy de 
Brian, of Laugharne, co. Carmarthen, by Eve (to whom she was h.), da. 
and h. of Henry de Tracy, of Barnstaple, Devon. The King took his 
homage and they had livery of the lands of her grandfather, the said Henry 
de Tracy, 24 Sep. 1274. (*>) She, who was b. 25 Dec. 1242, ("=) d. before 
Michaelmas I279.("^) He »?., 2ndly, Joan.(*) He d. shortly before 
21 Sep. 1308.0 His widow had livery of her inheritance in Ireland, 
26 Oct. 1308.0 



II. 1308 2. William de Camville, of Clifton Campville, 

to Llanstephan, Fedamore, and Caher,(^) s. and h., aged 40 

1338. and more at his father's death. He did homage and had 

livery of his inheritance, 3 Jan. 1308/9.0 He was 

sum. for Military Service from 30 July (1309) 3 Edw. II to 28 July 

(1317) II Edw. II, and to Pari. 4 Mar. (1308/9) 2 Edw. II and 16 June 

(13 11) 4 Edw. II, by writs directed Willelmo de Camvilla or Caumvilla. 

He d. shortly before 27 July i338.('') 



He left 5 daughters and coheirs, (i) Maud, widow of Richard 
de Vernoun (s. and h. ap. of Richard de Vernoun, of Haddon, co. Derby); 



{'■) As to the writs of 1294 and 1296/7, see Preface, and as to how far these 
early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage dignity, see Appendix A in the 
last volume. V.G. 

('') Fine Roll, 2 Edw. I, m. 10. On the Pipe Roll, 43 Hen. Ill, m. 6 d, the 
words "Galfr' de Caunvile q' h't in ux'em hered' " interlined before " Henr' de 
Trascy de xxviij feod' etc." were certainly added at a later date. They have 
misled Dugdale. 

if) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Henry de Tracy), Edw. I, file 6, no. 6. But she was 
probably h. before this date, as her 1st s., William Martin, is described as 25 and 
more in Mar. 1281/2 (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 32, no. i). 

(f) " Matiir quondam uxoris sue [Galfridi de Caunvile] " {Coram Rege, Mich. 
7-8 Edw. I, m. 7). 

(^) Close Roll [I.], 2 Edw. II, d., nos. 208, 396. 

(') Fine Roll, 2 Edw. II, w. 14: Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 10, no. 12. Writ 
oi diem cl. ext. [I.] 20 Oct. 1 308 [Close Roll [I.], 2 Edw. II, d., no. 199). 

(8) Fine Roll, 2 Edw. II, m. 10. 

C") " Willelmus de Caumpvilla." Writ of diem cl. ext. to the Justice of South 
Wales, 27 July I2 Edw. III. Inq., Carmarthen, 29 Aug. 1338. "... predicte 
Matild' [que fuit uxor Ricardi de Vernoun] et Alianora et Isabella uxor Gilberti de 
Burmyngham et Nicholaa uxor Johannis de seynt Cler' et Katerina uxor Roberti de 
Grisseleye sunt filie ejusdem Willelmi et propinquiores ejus heredes et sunt etatis 
triginta annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 53, no. 5). 



CANVILLE 5 

he d. v.p. before 3 Feb. 1322/3.0 (2) Alianore, uiim. (3) Isabel, wife of 
Gilbert de Bermingham. (4) Nicole, wife of John de Saint Clere. 
(5) Katherine, wife of Robert de Greseleye. Among their representa- 
tives any hereditary Barony, that may be supposed to have been created 
by the writ of 1295, is in abeyance. 



CAPELL OF HADHAMC) 

BARONY. I. Arthur Capell, of Hadham Parva, Herts, and 

Rayne Hall, Essex, s. and h. of Sir Henry C, by his ist 
I. 1641. wife, Theodosia, da. of Sir Edward IVIontagu (which Sir 

Henry, who d. v.p., 29 Apr. 1622, was s. and h. ap. of 
Sir Arthur Capell, of Hadham and Rayne Hill afsd.), was b. 20 Feb., 
and bap. 11 Mar. 1603/4, at Hadham afsd.; J«c. his grandfather in Apr. 
1632; M.P. for Herts in the Short Pari., Apr. to May 1640, and again 
(in the Long Pari.) 1640-41. On 5 Aug. 1641, he was cr. BARON 
CAPELL OF HADHAM, co. Hertford. Knighted 17 Jan., and 
P.C. I Mar. 1644/5. -H^ fought valiantly in the Royal cause,('') 
especially (when Lieut. Gen. of Shropshire, Cheshire, and North Wales) 
against Sir William Brereton. He was one of the garrison at Colchester, 
which surrendered 27 Aug. 1648, when he was sent a prisoner to the Tower 
of London, whence he escaped, but was recaptured 2 Feb. following at Lam- 
beth. He was condemned to death by the High Court of Justice, and (together 
with the Duke of Hamilton [S.] and the Earl of Holland) was beheaded (a few 
weeks after the King) in Palace Yard, Westminster,^) 9, and was bur. 20 Mar, 
1648/9, at Hadham, aged 45. M.L(') He w., 28 Nov. 1627 (settl. 5 Nov.), 
Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Charles Morrison, Bart., K.B., by Mary, da. and 



(') Ch. Inq. p. «., Edw. II, file 75, no. 17. 

('') There is a very full genealogy of the Capell family, by Duncan Warrand, in 
Hertfordshire Families (Victoria Co. Hist.), to which J. H. Round has prefixed a 
narrative sketch. V.G. 

(■=) Of him Clarendon writes that " he frankly engaged his person and his fortune 
from the beginning of the troubles, as many others did, in all actions and enterprizes of 
the greatest hazard and danger; and continued to the end, without ever making one 
false step, zs few others did," and, again, "whoever shall after him deserve best of the 
English nation, can never think himself undervalued when he shall hear that his 
courage, virtue, and fidelity are laid in the balance with and compared to that of the 
Lord Capel." 

"The poet, not unhappily, alluding to his arms; (a lion rampant in a field of gules 
between three crosses) expresseth it 

' Our lyonlike Capel undaunted stood 
Beset with crosses in a field of blood.' " 

(Lloyd, 1665). V.G. 

('^) See The Loyalists' Bloody Roll, vol. ii. Appendix A. 

("=) Where it is stated that he "was murdered for his loyalty." 



6 CAPELL 

coh. of Baptist (Hicks), Viscount Campden. She,(*) who brought her hus- 
band the estate of Cashiobury, in Watford, Herts, d. id Jan., and was bur. 
6 Feb. i66o/i,at Hadham, aged 51. Will dat. 2 Jan., pr. 13 Feb. 1660/1. 



11. 1649. 2. Arthur (Capell), Baron Capell of Hadham, s. 

and h., bap. 28 Jan. 163 1/2, at Hadham. On 20 Apr. 
1 66 1 he was cr. VISCOUNT MALDEN, co. Essex, and EARL OF 
ESSEX. See "Essex," Earldom of, cr. 1661. 

CAPELL OF TEW^KESBURYC) 

BARONY. I. Henry Capell, 2nd s. of Arthur, ist Baron 

J ^ Capell of Hadham, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir 

^^92 Charles Morrison, Bart., K.B., was bap. 6 Mar. 1637/8, 

° at Hadham Parva, Herts. K.B. 23 Apr. 1661. M.P. 

" ■ (Whig) for Tewkesbury, 1660-81, and 1690-92, and for 

Cockermouth 1689-90. P.C. [L] Apr. 1673 to Mar. 
1684/5, re-appointed June 1693; P.C. [E.] 22 Apr. 1679 to 31 Jan. 
1679/80, resworn 14 Feb. 1688/9. First Lord of the Admiralty Feb. 
1678/9 to Feb. 1679/80; was a zealous supporter of the exclusion 
bills; one of the Lords of the Treasury, 1689-90. On 11 Apr. 1692 
he was cr. BARON CAPELL OF TEWKESBURY, co. Gloucester. 
He was one of the three Lords Justices of Ireland, 1693. Lord Deputy 
OF Ireland, 27 May 1695 till his death. He m. (settl. 16 Feb. 1658/9) 
Dorothy, da. and coh. of Richard Bennet, of Kew Green, Surrey (br. of Sir 
Thomas Bennet, Bart., of Babraham), by his 2nd wife, Mary, da. of Robert 
Leman, of Ipswich. He d. s.p., of convulsions, at Chapelizod, 30 May, and 
was bur. 8 Sep. 1696, at Hadham, aged 58, when his honours became extinct. 
Will dat. 8 Sep. 1692, pr. 4 Jan. 1 696/7. (■=) His widow d. at Kew, Surrey, 
7, and was bur. there 15 June 1721, aged 79. M.I. Will, in which she 
states that she was b. in St. Andrew's, Holborn, dat. 18 Aug. 1719, pr. 
21 June 1 72 1. 

CAPPOQUIN 

See "Keane of Ghusnee in Afghanistan and Cappoquin, co. Water- 
ford," Barony {Keane), cr. 1839. 

(*) See vol. ii, p. 516, note "a." Clarendon speaks of her as "an excellent wife, 
a lady of very worthy extraction, of great virtue and beauty." 

C") See note " b " on preceding page. 

(^) "Lord Capell was a very weak, formal, conceited man; had no other merit 
than being a violent party man." (Note to Burnet's History by Lord Dartmouth). 
His skill in gardening (which he shared with his elder br., the Earl of Essex) is men- 
tioned by Evelyn. V.G. 



CARBERY 7 

CAREER Y (co. Cork) 

EARLDOM [I.] I. John Vaughan,s. and h.ofWalter v., of Golden 

y ^ „ Grove,(^) co. Carmarthen, by his ist wife, Mary, da. 

of Griffith Rys, of Newton (or Dynevor), in that co., 
matric. at Oxford (Jesus Coll.) 4 Feb. 1 591/2, aged 17. 
He was knighted by the Lord Deputy Essex, in Ireland, 30 July 1599, but 
the honour was afterwards disallowed by Elizabeth. M.P. for co. Car- 
marthen 1601, and 1620-22. He was again knighted by James I, 2 Feb. 
1 616/7. On 13 July 1 62 1, he was cr. BARON VAUGHAN OF 
MULLENGAR, co. Westmeath [I.]. He was sometime Comptroller of 
the Household to Charles, Prince of Wales, whom he accompanied in 
1623 to Spain. On 5 Aug. 1628, he was cr. EARL OF CARBERY, 
CO. Cork [LJ-C") He m., istly, Margaret, da. of Sir Gilly Meyrick., by 
Margaret, da. of Jevan Lewys. She was living in 1628. He w., 2ndly, Jane, 
widow of Sir "William Meredith, of Leeds, Kent, da. of Sir Thomas 
Palmer, of Wingham, in that co., by Margaret, da. of John Pooley, of 
Badley, Suffolk. She appears also to have d. before him. He d. 6 May 
1634, at Golden Grove afsd., and was hir. at Llandeilovawr. Nuncupa- 
tive will, dat. 29 Apr. 1634, pr. 23 May 1639. 

n. 1634. 2. Richard (Vaughan), Earl of Carbery, &c. [I.], 

only s. and h. by ist wife. M.P. for co. Carmarthen 
1624-26, and 1628-29. He was made K.B., at the Coronation, Feb. 
1625/6. His proxy, directed to Viscount Loftus of Ely, Lord Chancellor 
[L], was ordered by the House of Lords [I.] to be entered and allowed, 
30 July 1634. Admitted Gray's Inn 15 Feb. 1637/8. He distinguished 
himself on the Royalist side in the Civil wars, being Lieut. Gen. 
for the counties of Carmarthen, Pembroke and Cardigan. On 
25 Oct. 1643 he obtained an English Peerage, being cr. BARON 
VAUGHAN OF EMLYN, co. Carmarthen.^) Lord President of Wales 
1660-72. P.C. 13 Sep. 1661 till 21 Apr. 1679. Hew., istly, Bridget, da. 
and h. of Thomas Lloyd, of Llanllyr, co. Cardigan, by his 2nd wife, 
Lettice, da. of Sir Richard Prys, but had by her no surv. issue. He m., 
2ndly, 8 Aug. 1637, at Acton, Midx., Frances, da. of Sir James 
Altham, of Oxhey, in Watford, Herts, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir 
Richard Sutton, of Acton afsd. She was aged 9 in 1630, when she 
was found 2nd and yst. sister and coh.('') of Sutton Altham. She d. 
9 Oct. 1650. He m., 3rdly, a few days before 20 July 1652, Alice,(°) 
nth da. of John (Egerton), Earl of Bridgwater, by Frances, da. and 

(») There is a pedigree of Vaughan of Golden Grove in Meyrick's edit. (1846) of 
Dwnn's Fisitations of Wales, vol. i, p. 214. 

(•>) A docquet to cr. him Earl of Galway is dat. 28 July 1628. For a list of 
creations and promotions in the Irish Peerage see Appendix H to this volume. V.G. 

{'■) As to the only record of this creation see vol. ii, p. 454, note " b," sub Byron. 

("^) The other coh. was the Countess of Anglesey. See vol. i, p. 1 34. 

(«) She acted " the Lady " in Milton's Comus. 



8 CARBERY 

coh. of Ferdinando (Stanley), Earl of Derby. He d. 3 Dec. i686.(») 
Admon. 12 Apr. 1687. Will pr. May 1688. His widow, who d. s.p., 
was bur. 19 July 1689, in Westm. Abbey. Admon. dat. 3 Feb. 1689/90. 



[Francis Vaughan, styled Lord Vaughan, s. and h. ap., by 2nd wife. 
M.P. for CO. Carmarthen 1661 till his death. He w., about 1653, Rachael, 
2nd da. and eventually coh. of Thomas (Wriothesley), Earl of Southamp- 
ton, sometime Lord High Treasurer, by his ist wife, Rachel, ist da. of Daniel 
DE Massue, Seigneur de Ruvigny. Yitd. v.p. and j./).j.,('') 7 Mar. 1666/7. (') 
His widow m. (lie. at Fac. office, 31 July 1669) William Russell, after- 
wards styled Lord Russell, who was beheaded 21 July 1683. She (the 
well-known " Rachael, Lady Russell") d. 29 Sep. 1723, aged 86. See fuller 
account in vol. ii, p. 81, under "Bedford," Dukedom of] 



in. 1686 3. John (Vaughan), Earl of Carbery [1628], and 

to Baron Vaughan of Mullengar [1621] in Ireland; also 

1713. Baron Vaughan of Emlyn [1643] in England, styled 

Lord Vaughan 1667-86, 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. by 
2nd wife. He was bap. 18 July 1639, at St. Dunstan's-in-the-West, 
London. He matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 1656. K.B. at the Coronation, 
Apr. 1661 ; M.P.^) for Carmarthen (borough) 1661-79, and for the County 
1679-81 and 1685-87. Col. of a regt. of Foot 1673-74; Governor of 
Jamaica 1675-78; a Lord of the Admiralty 1683-84, and 1689-90; F.R.S. 
28 Jan. 1684/5, and Pres. 1686-89. He did not attend the Pari. [I.] of 
James II, 7 May 1689. (") He »;., istly, Mary, da. of George Brown, 
of Green Castle, co. Carmarthen. She d. s.p. Her admon. (as Lady 
Vaughan) 14 Oct. 1674. He m., 2ndly, 10 Aug. 1682, at St. Martin's-in- 
the-Fields (lie. Vic. Gen., he about 35, she about 20), Anne, ist da. 
of George (Savile), ist Marquess of Halifax, by his ist wife, Dorothy, 
da. of Henry (Spencer), Earl of Sunderland. She, who was b. 1663, 
was bur. from Red Lion Sq., 23 Jan. 1689/90, at St. Andrew's, Holborn. 
He d. s.p.m.s.,{^ 16 Jan. 17 12/3, at Chelsea, Midx., aged 73, when 

(^) He was the patron of Jeremy Taylor, who lived at Golden Grove for many 
years, and dedicated his Ho/y Living and Ho/y Dying to him. V.G. 

(^) He had one child, h. 1655, who lived long enough to be tap. V.G. 

("=) A conspicuous profligate even in that Court. He took an active part in the 
steps towards the impeachment of Clarendon, who describes him as " a person of as ill 
a face as fame, his looks and his manners both extreme bad." V.G. 

(^) He began his political life as a courtier, and later on was a strong Protestant 
and exclusionist, and belonged to the Kit Cat Club, which was Whig. V.G. 

(^) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D 
to this volume. 

"George Vaughan," who was hur. 7 May 1685, in Westm. Abbey, was, 
probably, his infant son, and identical with "George, s. of John, Lord Vaughan, and 
dame Ann, t. 6" and bap. 30 Oct. 1683, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. 



CARBERY 9 

his honours became extinct.(^) Will dat. 25 May 17 10, pr. 2 Feb. 
1712/3-0 



BARONY [I.] I. George Evans, s. and h. ap. of George E., of 

J Bulgaden Hall, co. Limerick (many years M.P. for co. 

' ^' Limerick, &c., who d. May 1720), by Mary, da. of John 

Eyre, of Eyre Court, co. Galway, was b. about 1680; 
M.P. (Whig) for co. Limerick 1 713-14. Having (together with his said 
father) been a staunch supporter of the Protestant succession, he was on 
12 Nov. 1 7 14 appointed Gov. of Limerick Castle (which was renewed to 
him 19 May 1740). By patent dat. 9 May 1715, he was cr. BARON 
CARBERY (') of Carberj', co. Cork [I.], with a spec. rem. to the heirs male 
of the body of his father,('^) who (being then Hving) is said to have declined 
that honour. He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 14 Nov., and was 
sworn P.C. [I.] 1 8 Nov. 1 7 1 5. He was M.P. for Westbury, Wilts, 1 7 1 5-22, 
and 1724-27. He ;«., May 1703, Anne, da. of William Stafford, of 
Blatherwick, Northants, and yr. of the two sisters (') and coheirs of William 
Stafford. By her he acquired the estate of Laxton, Northants. He 12'. 28 Aug. 
1749, at Caharas, co. Limerick, aged about 69. Will pr. 1749. His widow 
d. 30 Dec. 1757, in King Str., Oxmantown. Will pr. 1758. 



IL 1749. 2. George (Evans), Baron Carbery [I.], 2nd but 

1st surv. s. and h. M.P. (Whig) for Westbury 1734-47; 
took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 22 Nov. 1749. He w., 23 May 
1732, Frances, 2nd and yst. da. of Richard (FitzWilliam), 5th Viscount 
FitzWilliam [L], by Frances, da. of Sir John Shelley, Bart. He d. 
2 Feb. 1759, at Caharas afsd. His widow d. 30 July 1789, in Chapel Str., 
Grosvenor Sq. Admon. Aug. 1789. 

(^) He was a literary man, and patron of the poet Dryden. Pepys (16 Nov. 1667) 
describes him as "one of the lewdest fellows of the age, worse than Sir Charles 
Sedley." "He had redeemed his estate and amassed wealth by the Govt, of Jamaica, where 
he carried many gentlemen of Wales and sold 'em for slaves, as he did his chaplain to 
a blacksmith; and though he has left his da. ;^4,000 p.a. besides a great personal 
estate, was contented rather to keep all he had gotten to himself, than to dispose of 
her well in marriage with any part of it, or the settlement on or after his death, 
though 84 [sic] years old." (Letter from Ralph Palmer to Viscount Fermanagh, 7th 
Rep. Hist. MSS. Com., p. 508). V.G. 

(*>) Lady Ann Vaughan, his only da. and h., m. the same year (17 1 3) Charles 
(Powlett), 3rd Duke of Bolton, as his ist wife, and d. s.p., 20 Sep. 1 751. 

(<=) " He was considered the finest man of his day, and the King bestowed this 
honour on him, on account of his extreme beauty and manliness." {^Annual Register, 
1804, p. 519). 

(■*) See preamble to the patent in Lodge, vol. vii, p. 41, note. 

if) Susanna, the elder coh., m. 1699, Henry O'Brien, of Stonehall, co. Clare, 
whose posterity inherited Blatherwick Park, and took the name of Stafford. 

2 



lo CARBERY 

III. 1759. 3. George (Evans), Baron Carbery [I.], s. and h. 

He m., istly, 7 Feb. 1760, Juliana, 3rd da. of Baptist 
(Noel), 3rd Earl of Gainsborough, by Elizabeth, da. of William 
Chapman. She d. s.p.m., 18 Dec. following. (^) He m., 2ndly, 13 Dec. 
1762, Elizabeth, da. of Christopher Horton, of Catton, co. Derby. He 
d. 26 May 1783, at Laxton. Will dat. 2 Apr., pr. 26 Sep. 1783. His 
widow d. 14 June 1789, at Laxton. Will pr. 1809. 

IV. 1783. 4. George (Evans), Baron Carbery [I.], 2nd, but 

only surv.C") s. and h., being only child by 2nd wife, b. 
18 Feb. 1766. Ed. at Eton; matric. at Cambridge (Trin. Coll.) 1784. He 
took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 24 Apr. 1798. M.P. (Tory) for 
Rutland 1802 till his death. He ;«. (spec, lie), 13 Aug. 1792, at St. Geo., 
Han. Sq., Susan (a fortune of ;^6,ooo p.a.), only da. and h. of Col. Henry 
Watson, Chief Engineer in Bengal. He d. s.p.^ 31 Dec. 1804, from the 
bursting of a blood vessel, at Reddish's Hotel, London, In his 39th year, 
and was bur. at Laxton. ('') Will pr. 1805. His widow m., 21 Jan. 1806, 
in Berkeley Str., Midx., George Evans-Freke, of Bulgaden Hall afsd. (next 
br. to the 6th Lord), who d. s.p., 19 June 1829, at Laxton Hall. She d. there 
Oct. 1828. Admon. Aug. i829.('*) 

V. 1804. 5. John (Evans), Baron Carbery [I.], uncle and h. 

male, b. 1738. He m., 15 Apr. 1759, Emma, 4th da. of 
Winiam Crowe, Dean of Clonfert, by Emilia, sister of George (Evans), 
1st Baron Carbery, da. of George E., of Bulgaden Hall. She d. 6 Jan. 
1806, in Merrion Sq., Dublin. He d. s.p.m.s., 4 Mar. 1807, in Mountjoy 
Str., Dublin, aged about 69. (°) Will pr. 1807. 

VI. 1807. 6. John (Evans-Freke), Baron Carbery [I.], and 

a Baronet [I.], cousin and h. male, being s. and h. of 
Sir John Freke (formerly John Evans), Bart. [I. 1768], by Elizabeth, 
da. of Arthur (Gore), ist Earl of Arran [I.], which Sir John was ist s. 
who left issue, of the Hon. John Evans, who m. Grace, sister and h. of 
Sir John Redmond Freke, 3rd Bart. [I. 17 13], and who was 4th s. of 

(^) Juliana, her only child, m. Edward Hartopp-Wigley. Their grandson, Edward 
Bourchier Hartopp, was cob. to ^ of the Barony of Vaux (through the famiHes 
of FitzWilHam, Shelley, Neville, and Vaux) when, in 1838, the abeyance of that 
Barony was terminated in favour of George Mostyn. See " Vaux," Barony of. 

(•>) His elder br. d. an infant, 15 Mar. 1764. V.G. 

C^) " His estates in the counties of Cork and Kerry amounted to j^i 5,000 a year. 
All his personal property is bequeathed to Lady Carberry." {Annual Reg., 1804). 

C) De Quincey describes her as a religious woman of fine presence and figure, 
having masculine and austere understanding; and of her husband, Lord Carbery, he 
writes, "every way an estimable man, in some things worthy of admiration." V.G. 

(') His only s., John William, was b. 31 Mar. 1763, and </. 1805 in the East 
Indies. V.G. 



CARBERY II 

George, ist Baron Carbery. He was b. 1 1 Nov. 1765, and sue. his father 
20 Mar. 1777. M.P. [I.] for Donegal (borough) 1784-90, and for Balti- 
more (2 Paris.) 1 790-1 800. He proved his right to the Peerage in 18 12, 
and was elected a Rep. Peer [I.] (Tory) in i823.(^) He w., 25 Jan. 
1783, at Saunders Court, co. Wexford, his cousin, Catherine Charlotte, 
3rd da. of (his maternal uncle) Arthur Saunders (Gore), 2nd Earl of 
Arran [I.], by his ist wife, Catherine, da. of William (Annesley), ist 
Viscount Glerawley [I.]. He d. s.p., 12 May 1845, ^^ Castle Freke, 
aged 79. Will dat. 26 Apr. 1845, pr. Aug. 1846. His widow, who was 
b. Sep. 1766, d. 23 Feb. 1852, at Castle Freke. Will pr. Dec. 1852. 

VII. 1845. 7- George Patrick Percy (Evans-Freke), Baron 

Carbery [I.], fe'c, nephew and h., being s. and h. of Percy 
Evans-Freke (by Dorothea, da. of the Rev. Christopher Harvey, of Kyle, 
CO. Wexford, D.D.), who was 3rd br. of the 6th Lord. He was b. 17 Mar. 
1 8 10, at Percy Lodge, co. Wexford, and sue. his father 9 Sep. 1844. He 
»/., 5 Aug. 1852, at Cork, Harriet Maria Catherine, da. of Edmund William 
Shuldham, of Dunmanway, co. Cork, Lieut. Gen. E.I.C.S., by Harriet 
Eliza Bonar, da. of Dr. ( — ) Rundell, of Bath. She d. 19 Aug. 
1884, at Phale Court, Ballineen, co. Cork. He d. s.p.m.^ 25 Nov. 1889, 
aged 79, at Laxton Hall. Will pr. 10 June 1890, under ;£i5,ooo.('') 

VIII. 1889. 8. William Charles (Evans-Freke), Baron Car- 

bery [I.], lofc, yst. and only surv.br. and h. male; 1^.24 May 
1 8 12. High Sheriff of Rutland, 1862. Rep. Peer [I.] 1891 (Con- 
servative). He m., istly, 23 Apr. 1840, at Leamington, Sophia, widow of 
Sir Thomas Whichcote, 6th Bart., 3rd da. of Philip (Sherard), 5th Earl 
OF Harborough, by Eleanor, da. of Col. the Hon. John Monckton. She, 
by whom he had no issue, was b. 16 Nov. 1795, and d. 23 Sep. 1851. He 
»/., 2ndly, 15 Dec. 1866, Victoria, 4th and yst. da. of Brownlow (Cecil), 
2nd Marquess of Exeter, by Isabella, da. of William Stephen Poyntz. He d. 
of bronchitis, 7 Nov. 1894, at Laxton Hall, aged 72. Will pr. at ;^43,296 
gross. His widow, who was b. 6 Nov. 1843 (^^^ Prince Consort being one 
of her sponsors), was living 19 13. 

IX. 1894. 9. Algernon W^illiam George (Evans-Freke), 

Baron Carbery, fife, ist s. and h., by 2nd wife; b. 9 Sep. 
1868. He w., 26 Nov. 1890, at St. Margaret's, Westm., Mary, 2nd da. 
of Henry Joseph Toulmin, of The Pre, near St. Albans, Herts, by Emma 
Louisa, da. of Philip Wroughton. He d. 12 June 1898, at the West- 
minster Hotel, West Malvern, aged 29. He was cremated and bur. at 
Castle Freke. Will pr. over ;^9 1,000 gross and over ;^48,ooo net. His 
widow 7«., II Feb. 1902, at All Saints', Branksome, Bournemouth, Arthur 
Wellesley Sandford, M.D., and was living 19 13. 

(^) He changed with Wellington on the question of Cath. Relief in 1829. V.G. 
('') He was deaf and dumb, but in spite of that drawback conversed very agreeably 
on a slate. V.G. 



12 CARBERY 

X. 1898. 10. John (Evans-Freke), Baron Carbery [I. 1715], 

also a Baronet [I. 1768], ist s. and h., b. 20 May 1892. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted, in Ireland, of 13,692 acres in 
CO. Cork, 2,919 in Queen's County, and 2,724 in co. Limerick, i.e. 19,335 
acres, valued at £10,^1^ a year — besides, in England, of 1,667 acres in 
Northants, and 244 in Dorset, i.e. 1,911 acres, valued at £,'^,2'iS ^ year; 
both together amounting to 21,246 acres, valued at £,il,?i^o a year. 
Principal Residences. — Castle Freke, near Rosscarbery, co. Cork, and Laxton 
Hall, Northants. Note. The 9th Baron sold Laxton Hall. 

CARBERY (co. Kildare) 

BARONY [I.] I. Sir William de Bermingham, of Carbery, co. 

Kildare, whose ancestors appear to have been long settled 

I. 1 54 1. at that place,(^) was on 17 June 1541, cr. BARON 

CARBERY,('') CO. Kildare [I.], receiving also a grant of 
the religious houses of Clonard and Ballybogan, and other lands, co. Meath. 
He m., istly. Rose, da. of Gerald FitzGerald, of the Black Wood, co. 
Kildare, by Margaret de la Hyde, his wife. He m., 2ndly, 25 Nov. 1545, 
Anne, da. of Sir John Plunket, of Beaulieu, by his ist wife, Katherine, da. 
of Nicholas (St. Laurence), 4th Lord Howth [I.]. He d. 17 July 1548, at 
Dunfert, co. Kildare. His widow »z., the same year, Robert Plunket, s. 
of Sir John P., of Dunsoghly, Ch. Justice of the King's Bench [I.], and 
3rdly, before 29 May 1551 (when she had pardon for both these marriages 
being without lie), Mark Barnewall, of Dunbroye, co. Dublin.(') 

II. 1548 2. Edward (de Bermingham), Baron Carbery [I.], 

to only s. and h., by 2nd wife, aged 2 years in 1548. He 

1550. d. s.p., at the age of 4, in 1550, before 4 Dec, when his 

Peerage became extinct.(^) 



See " Harberton of Carbery, co. Kildare," Barony [I.] {Pomeroy), cr. 
1783- 

CARDIFF 

i.e. "Herbert of Cardiff, co. Glamorgan," Barony {Herbert), cr. 
10 Oct. 1 55 1. See "Pembroke," Earldom of, cr. 11 Oct. 1551. 

(^) See Lodge, vol. iii, p. 51, for some account of this branch of the family. 

(•>) He appears in the Ranking of the Irish Peers in 1541, last among the Barons. 
See vol. i, Appendix A, circa finem. 

{") See Lodge, vol. v, p. 31, note. 

('') His cousin, Walter de Bermingham, of Meylerstoun, co. Kildare (s. and h. of 
William, br. of the ist Baron), was his heir, inheriting the manor of Dunfert, ^c, 
of which he had livery in 1551. He d. 27 Nov. 1591, leaving issue. 



CARDIGAN 13 

CARDIFF OF CARDIFF CASTLE 

BARONY. I. John Stuart, ^^ commonly called Lord Mount 

I ^ Stuart," s. and h. ap. of John, Earl of Bute [S.], was, 

^' ^770- ^.^.^ cr. 20 May 1776, BARON CARDIFF OF CAR- 

DIFF CASTLE.(*) On i Mar. 1796, he was cr. 
MARQUESS OF BUTE. See "Bute," Marquessate of, cr. 1796. 

CARDIGAN (county of) 

EARLDOM. I. Thomas Brudenell, s. and h. of Robert Brude- 

. ,^ NELL, of Doddington, co. Huntingdon, by Catherine, da. 

and h. of Geoffrey Taylarde (s. and h. ap. of Sir Laurence T. 

of the same), which Robert was 4th and yst., but the only 
s. that left male issue, of Sir Thomas Brudenell, of Deene, Northants. He 
sue. his father 4 July 1599, and his uncle, John B. (in the estate of Deene), 
16 Oct. 1606. On 29 June 161 1, he was cr. a Baronet (a month after the 
institution of that order), and was subsequently, 9 Apr. 161 2, knighted at 
Whitehall. On 26 Feb. 1627/8, he was cr. BARON BRUDENELL OF 
STONTON, CO. Leicester. ('') He was a zealous loyalist, suffering much 
in the Royal cause, for which he was imprisoned in the Tower of London. ("=) 
At the Restoration he was cr., 20 Apr. 1661, EARL OF CARDIGAN.(<*) 
He m., in or before 1607, Mary, da. of Sir Thomas Tresham, of Rushton, 
Northants, by Muriel, da. of Sir Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton, co. 
Warwick. He d. 16 Sep. 1663, aged 80 and upwards, at Deene, and was 
bur. there. His widow d. 13 Oct. 1664. 

II. 1663. 2. Robert (Brudenell), Earl of Cardigan, fcPc., 

s. and h., b. 5 Mar. 1607. He became a Rom. Cath. 

He m., istly, Mary, da. of Henry (Constable), ist Viscount Dunbar [S.], 

(^) This was the 3rd of 10 Baronies [U.K.] all cr. on the same day, for a list of 
which see note sub in Baron Foley ; and for the more famous case of the 1 2 
Baronies cr. in 1712, see vol. i, p. 61, note " d," and vol. ii, p. 28, note "b." 

C") For this creation he paid ;^5,000 cash to the Duke of Buckingham in March 
1628, undertaking to pay another ;^i,000 in May 1629. {Cal. S.P. Dom., vol. 
xxxviii, p. 273). V.G. 

(<^) " During his confinement in the Tower he spent his leisure hours in making 
abstracts and other collections from the several records there deposited, great part of 
which are now in the library of the present Earl of Cardigan at Dean." {Collins, 

vol. iii, p. 495). , -r , , 

{^) For an account of the ceremonies attending this creation see note sub Ldward, 
Earl of Clarendon [1661]. The warrant of Chades I for the Earldom is dat. 
Newport, 21 Oct. 1648, and there exists further a declaration by Walter Montagu, 
of the same date, to the effect that " His Majesty being in pressing necessity writ to 
the Lord Brudenell that if he would supply him with ;Ci,000 he would make him 
Earl of Cardigan, whereupon there was advanced ;ri,000 for his Majesty's service." 
{Hist. MSS. Com., Buccleuch MSS., vol. i, p. 310). V.G. 



14 CARDIGAN 

by Mary, da. of Sir John Tufton, Bart. She d. s.p.m. He ;«., 2ndly, 
Anne, da. of Thomas (Savage), Viscount Savage, by Elizabeth, suo jure. 
Countess Rivers. She d. i6 June 1696. He d. 16 July 1703, aged 96. 
Willpr. I703.(^) 

[Francis Brudenell, styled Lord Brudenell, only surv. s. and h. ap., by 
2nd wife. He »?., about i June 1668, Frances,('') ist da. of Thomas (Savile), 
Earl of Sussex, by his 2nd wife, Anne, only da. of Christopher (Villiers), 
1st Earl of Anglesey, sister and h. of James, 2nd and last Earl. She d. 
6 June 1695, suddenly, of apoplexy, in Sussex. He d. v.p., 1698. 
Admon. as of Twickenham, Midx., 18 Aug. 1698.] 

III. 1703. 3. George (Brudenell), Earl of Cardigan, fife, 

grandson and h., being s. and h. of Francis Brudenell, 
styled I.OKD Brudenell, by Frances, his wife, abovenamed. On 12 Jan. 
1708/9 he took his seat, having renounced the Roman Catholic faith on the 
previous day. Master of the Buckhounds to Queen Anne, and to George I, 
1712-15; LL.D. Cambridge, 25 Apr. 1728. He m., 15 May 1707, at 
St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Elizabeth, (") i st da. of Thomas (Bruce), 2nd Earl 
of Ailesbury, by Elizabeth, da. of Henry Seymour, stykdl^oKD Beauchamp, 
s. and h. ap. of William, Duke of Somerset. He d. 5 July 1732, at the 
seat of his brother-in-law, Lord Bruce. Will pr. 1732. His widow, who 
was b. about Jan. 1689, d. Dec. 1745. Will pr. 1746. Both were bur. at 
Deene. 

IV. 1732. 4. George (Brudenell, afterwards Montagu), Earl 

of Cardigan, (dc, s. and h., b. at Cardigan House, Lin- 
coln's Inn Fields, 26 July, and bap. i Aug. 1712, at St. Giles's-in-the- 
Fields, Midx. Matric. at Oxford (Queen's Coll.) i July 1726, M.A. 
31 Jan. 1729/30. Was a Page of Honour at the Coronation, 11 Oct. 
1727. On the death of his wife's father, j.jO./w., 15 July 1749, he assumed 
the name of Montagu. Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent, 1 742-52 ; 
F.R.S. 7 Dec. 1749; Constable of Windsor Castle, 1752 till his death. Nom. 
K.G. 1 3 Mar. and inst. 4 June 1 752. On 5 Nov. 1766 he, being a Tory, was 
cr. MARQUESS OF MONTHERMER and DUKE OF MONTAGU.C^) 

(") " I obtained a promise from my Lord Brudenell, my dear friend, that he would 
not drink for a week [to any excess, is understood] ... he was open hearted and 
generous in his way." [Memoirs of Thomas, Earl of Ailesbury). V.G. 

(*") "1668, 4 June. — Lord Brudenel's marriage with Lady [Frances] Savile, 
eldest sister of the Earl of Sussex, was perfected last week, but it will not be consum- 
mated for five months for particular reasons." {Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep., 
Appendix vii). V.G. 

(<^) "She is extremely goodhumoured, and has everything that can recommend a 
lady of quality." (Lady Dupplin, June 171 1). V.G. 

i^) He and the Earl of Northumberland (formerly Sir Hugh Smithson) were promised 
Dukedoms with the very proper stipulation that the title should be limited to their 
issue by their then wives, in whose right only they had a claim to such dignities. The 



CARDIGAN 15 

P.C. 5 June 1776, and Gov. to the Prince of Wales and Prince Frederick, 
1776-80. Master of" the Horse, 1780 till his death; F.S.A. i Apr. 1784. 
On 21 Aug. 1786, havina; no male issue surviving, he was cr. BARON 
MONTAGU OF BOUGHTON, co. Northampton, for life, with a spec, 
rem. in favour of the yr. sons of his da. Elizabeth, Duchess of Buccleuch [S.]. 
Lord Lieut, of co. Huntingdon, 1789 till his death. He m., 7 July 1730, 
at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, Mary, the only child that had issue of John 
(Montagu), Duke of Montagu, by Mary, da. of the famous John 
(Churchill), Duke of Marlborough. She d. i, and was bur. 16 May 
1775, at Walton, Northants, aged 64. Will pr. May 1775. He d. 23 May 
1790, i.p.m.s., aged 77, at his house in Privy Gardens,(^) when the Mar- 
quessate of Monthermer and Dukedom of Montagu [1766] became extinct, 
the Barony of Montagu of Boughton [1786] devolving on his grandson, 
according to the spec. rem. in its creation, while such honours as he had 
inherited devolved on his br. and h. male, as stated below. Will pr. June 
1790.C') 

[John Brudenell, ajterwards (1749) Montagu, 5/7/^^/(1735-62), Lord 
Brudenell, only s. and h. ap., b. 18 Mar. ij^^./^, in Albemarle Str., St. 
Geo., Han. Sq., Midx. M.P. (Tory) for Marlborough 1761-62. On 
8 May 1762 he was cr. BARON MONTAGU OF BOUGHTON, co. 
Northampton. From 5 Nov. 1766 (the date of his father's elevation to the 
Dukedom) he was styled Marquess of Monthermer. He d. unm., v.p., 
II, and was bur. 23 Apr. 1770, at Walton afsd., aged 35, when his 
Peerage [1762] became extinct.{f) Admon. 26 May 1770.] 

V. 1790. 5. James (Brudenell), Earl of Cardigan [1661], 

Baron Brudenell of Stonton [1628], and Baron 
Brudenell of Deene [1780], br. and h. male; b. 20 Apr. 1725, in London; 
ed. at Winchester 1736; matric. at Oxford (Oriel Coll.) 6 Apr. 1743, 
B.A., 1747. He was M.P. (Tory) for Shaftesbury, 1754-61 ; for Hastings, 
1761-68; for Great Bedwin, Mar. to Nov. 1768, and for Marlborough, 
1768-80. Dep. Cofferer to the Household, 1755-60; Keeper of the 
Privy Purse to the Prince of Wales, as also 1760 till his death, to the 
King; Master of the Robes to the Prince of Wales 1758-60, and 

Earl of Cardigan, however, objected to such limitation, and though he afterwards ob- 
tained the Dukedom free therefrom, it was not till a few weeks after the advancement 
of Northumberland, who consequently, though a much junior Earl, ranked, as a Duke, 
above him. V.G. 

(^) Now (19 1 3) belonging to the Duke of Buccleuch. V.G. 

i^) "One of the weakest and most ignorant men living." (H. Walpole, May 
1776). The Royal Register (vol. iii, 1779) speaks of his "formal coldness of 
character " as rendering him " uncommonly well fitted " for his post as Governor to 
the Prince of Wales. V.G. 

{^) A Barony of the same name was conferred, 16 years later (1786), on his father, 
with a spec. rem. as mentioned above. 



i6 CARDIGAN 

to the King 1760-91. On 17 Oct. 1780 he was cr. BARON BRUDE- 
NELL OF DEENE, co. Northampton. Constable of Windsor Castle, 
1 79 1 till his death; High Steward of Windsor, 1802. He m., istly, 
24 Nov. 1760, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Anne, sister of William, 2nd Earl of 
Dartmouth, ist da. of George Legge, styled Viscount Lewisham, by- 
Elizabeth, da. of Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart. She d. Jan. 1786, and was bur. at 
Trinity Minories. He ;«., 2ndly, 18 Apr. 1 791, at her house in St. James's 
Place, St. James's, W^estm., Elizabeth, ist da. of John (Waldegrave), 3rd 
Earl Waldegrave, by Elizabeth, da. of John (Leveson-Gower), Earl 
GowER. He d. s.p., 24 Feb. 181 1, in Grosvenor Str., aged 85, when the 
Barony of Brudenell of Deene [1780] became fx/z«a. Will pr. 181 1. His 
widow, who was b. 26 May, and bap. 22 June 1758, at Kensington, was a 
Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen Consort 1 793-1 809. She d. in 
Seymour Place, Mayfair, "of inflammation," 23 June, and was bur. i July 
1823, with her father's family, at Navestock, Essex. 

VI. 181 1. 6. Robert (Brudenell), Earl of Cardigan, i^c, 

nephew and h., being posthumous s. and h. of the Hon. 
Robert Brudenell, by Anne, da. of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, Bart., which Robert 
was next br. to the last two Earls. He was b. 25 Apr. 1769, in the par. of 
St. Geo., Han. Sq.; M.P. (Tory) for Marlborough, 1 797-1 802. He m., 
8 Mar. 1794, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Penelope Anne, 2nd da. of George 
John Cooke, of Harefield Park, Midx., by Penelope, only da. of Sir W^il- 
liam Bowyer, 3rd Bart. [E. 1660]. She, who was Lady of the Bedchamber 
to Queen Charlotte in 1818, ^. 2 Feb. 1826, at Gopsall, Notts, aged 56. 
He d. in Portman Sq., 14, and was bur. 21 Aug. 1837, at Deene, Northants, 
aged 68. Will pr. Sep. 1837. 

VII. 1837. 7. James Thomas (Brudenell), Earl of Cardigan 

[i 661], and Baron Brudenell of Stonton [1628J, also a 
Baronet [161 1], 2nd but only surv. s. and h., b. at Hambleden, Bucks, 
16 Oct., and bap. th^re. 5 Nov. 1797; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 27 Nov. 
18 15. M.P. (Tory) for Marlborough, 1818-29; for Fowey, 1830-32; and 
for North Northants, 1832-37; entered the army as Cornet in the 8th 
Hussars, May 1824, Lieut. 1825, Captain 1826, Major 1830; Lieut. 
Col. 1 5th Hussars 1 830-34, and of the i ith Hussars (on which regiment he 
is said to have spent /^ 10,000 a year), i836-54;('') Col. in the Army 1846; 
Major Gen. 1854, and Lieut. Gen. 1861; Inspector Gen. of Cavalry, 

(^) He was quarrelsome, arbitrary, unpopular, and a loose liver, but remarkably 
handsome. On 12 Sep. 1840, he fought and wounded in a duel on Wimbledon Com- 
mon, Capt. Harvey Tuckett, in consequence of some remarks of the latter on the 
Earl's conduct (to Capt. Reynolds) as Commander of his regiment, in connection with 
what was known as the Black Bottle Riot. The Earl was tried by his Peers at Westm. 
Hall, 16 Feb. 1841, for firing a pistol with intent to murder, and unanimously found 
"not guilty," the identity of Tuckett not having been legally proved. See State 
Trials, N.S., vol. iv, p. 602. There had been no other trial before the Upper House 
as a Criminal Court since that of the "Duchess of Kingston" for bigamy in 1776. 
See vol. ii, p. 326, sub "Bristol," under the (vith) 3rd Earl. 



CARDIGAN 17 

1855-60; Col. of the 5th Dragoon Guards, 1859-60; and of (his old regi- 
ment) the nth Hussars, 1860-68. In 1854 he commanded a Cavalry 
Brigade in the Crimean War,(*) under (his br.-in-law) the Earl of Lucan 
[1.], and received the four-clasp Crimean medal in May 1855. K.C.B. 
5 July 1855; Commander of the Legion of Honour of France, 2 Aug. 
1856; Knight, 2nd class, of the Medjidie of Turkey, 2 Mar. 1858. A 
Conservative. He m., istly, 19 June 1826, at Chiswick, Midx. (where she 
is described as "being now single and unmarried"), Elizabeth Jane Henrietta 
(formerly wife of Lieut. Col. Christian Frederick Charles Alexander James 
Johnstone, of Hilton, from whom she had been divorced a few months 
previously), sister of John, ist Baron Tollemache, ist da. of Admiral 
John Richard Delap Tollemache (formerly Halliday), by EHzabeth, da. 
of John (Stratford), Earl of Aldborough [L]. The union proved 
unhappy, and she was separated from the Earl in i846.('') She, who was b. 
8 Dec. 1797, d. 15 July 1858, at 36 South Str., Park Lane. Admon. 
30 July, under ;/!2,ooo. He ;«., 2ndly, 28 Sep. 1858, at the King's Chapel, 
Gibraltar, Adeline Louisa Maria,('^) only da. of Spencer Horsey de 
Horsey, formerly Kildereee, by Louisa Maria Judith, da. of John (Rous), 
1st Earl of Stradbroke. He d. at Deene Park, from injuries sustained by 
a fall from his horse, 27 Mar., and was bur. there 9 Apr. 1868, aged 70. Will 
pr. 23 June 1868, under ;^6o,ooo. His widow, who was b. 24 Dec. 1824, in 
Charles Str., Berkeley Sq., ;»., 28 Aug. 1873, at the Rom. Cath. Chapel, 
King Str., Marylebone, Antonio Manuelo, Count de Lancastre ('^) in Por- 
tugal. He d. in 1898, of bronchitis, in Paris, and was bur. at P^re la 
Chaise. She was living 19 12. 

(*) " His personal gallantry at Balaklava, when he charged the Russians at the head 
of his Brigade, forcing his way, with about 600 cavalry, through some 3,600 of the 
enemy, and leaving half of his men and horses dead upon the field, will long be re- 
membered, when the controversy as to the mistaken order, in obedience to which he 
led the charge in the teeth of the enemy's guns, is forgotten." {Annual Register 
for 1868). The exploit was commemorated by the Poet Laureate Tennyson, in the 
well-known Charge of the Light Brigade. 

(*■) This was on account of her intrigue with Lord Colville. V.G. 

{^) Her intimacy with Lord Cardigan during his first wife's lifetime led to her 
having to leave her father's house, and to her being "cut" by respectable people. 
Her own account of Lord C. coming hot from his wife's deathbed and bursting into 
her bedroom to urge their immediate marriage is pecuHarly shameless. See My Re- 
collections, pub. by her in 1909, a scandalous and valueless book, in which she describes 
herself as having been "a very pretty girl with a slight but fine figure, and long hair 
that fell in curls below my knees"; in this work she gives, with very doubtful taste, 
a list of seven widowers, including Disraeli, and some single men, who she alleges had 
asked her in marriage. Incidentally she tries to take away the character of a good 
many men and women. The style which she adopted of Countess of Cardigan and 
Lancastre, gave annoyance to Queen Victoria, who had formerly travelled incognito as 
Countess of Lancaster. V.G. 

f^) The title of Lancastre, or Alancastre, is borne by a Portuguese family, a bastard 
branch of the old Royal house, and is a memorial of the match with John of Gaunt's 
daughter. V.G. 

3 



i8 CARDIGAN 

VIII. 1868. 8. George William Frederick (Brudenell-Bruce), 

Marquess of Ailesbury, Earl of Cardigan, dsfc, cousin 
and h., being s. and h. of Charles, ist Marquess of Ailesbury, who was 
only s. and h. of Thomas, Earl of Ailesbury, which Thomas was 4th and 
yst. s. of George, 3rd Earl of Cardigan, being br. to the 4th and 5th 
Earls of Cardigan. See "Ailesbury," Marquessate of, cr. 1821, under 
the 2nd Marquess. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1863, consisted of 7,210 acres in North- 
ants; 2,931 in CO. Leicester, and 5,583 in the West Riding of Yorkshire. 
Total 15,724 acres, worth ;^35,357 a year. These, by the will of the 7th 
Earl, devolved on his widow for life, with rem. to trustees for 2 1 years 
to accumulate, rem. to Robert Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 4th s. of Ernest, 
afterwards Marquess of Ailesbury, with other remainders. Principal Resi- 
dence. — Deene Park, near Wansford, Northants. 

Note. — The ruins of Kirkstall Abbey andi2 acres were sold for ^^ 10,000, 
and the Abbey House for ^^3,500, in Dec. 1888, by the trustees of the 
Cardigan estates, to Col. North, who presented them for the use of the city 
of Leeds, from which the Abbey is but three miles distant. 

CARDROSS 

BARONY [S.] I. John (Erskine), Earl of Mar [S.], obtained, 

27 Mar. 1604, from the Crown, a charter creating him 

I. 1606 Lord of CardrossQ together with a grant of the lands of 

or the Priory of Inchmahome and of the Abbeys of Dry- 

1610. burgh and Cambuskenneth. This grant, which of itself 

was invalid, was confirmed by Act of Pari. 9 July i6o6,('') 

the lands being erected into the Barony of Cardross, and the Earl, his heirs 

and successors therein, being granted the dignity of a Lord of Pari, to be 

called LORD OF CARDROSS [S.]. A new charter of the lands and title 

was therein ordered to be made, which on 10 June i6io,('^) was done. 

By it the Barony of Cardross was granted to the Earl and his heirs male 

and assignees whatsoever, with the rights, <yc., of a Lord of Pari. He 

nominated, accordingly, as his successor in that dignity (^) (reserving his 

(^) This charter (Reg. Sec. Sig. Ixxiv, 8966), creates the Earl " ipsius heredes 
masculos assignatos et successores quoscunque in predictis terris, dominos et barones 
dicti dominii et baronie de Cardross, ac ipsis honorem ... ad liberum dominum et 
baronem spectantem concedimus, cum . . . potestate ... in parliamentis, feCc, sedendi 
ac votum et suffragum habendi." {ex inform. J. Maitland Thomson). V.G. 

H 9 July 's the date of the Act in the record as printed, 1 1 July in the table of 
contents, 19 July in Wood's Douglas, {ex inform. J. Maitland Thomson). V.G. 

{^) This appears to be the first valid charter; no earlier one occurs in the Great 
Seal Register [S.]. {ex inform. G. Burnett, sometime Lyon). 

(^) See as to this class of Peerage [S.], vol. ii, p. 291, note "c," sub "Breadal- 
bane." It may be noted that the terms of the charter of 1 6 10, though they have 
been held valid to give the power of nomination, do so less explicitly than in any other 
instance. 



CARDROSS 19 

life-rent therein), by charter, 31 Jan. 161 7 (ratified by a Royal charter, 

13 Mar. following), Henry Erskine, his 3rd son. The Earl d. 14 Dec. 
1634. See fuller particulars under "Mar," Earldom of [S.]. 

[Henry Erskine, styled Master of Cardross, and sometimes (query, 
by courtesy) Lord Cardross,(*) 3rd s. of the above Earl, being 2nd s. by 
his 2nd wife, Mary, da. of Esme (Stewart), Duke of Lennox [S.], having 
been designated, in 1617 (as mentioned above), his father's heir in this 
Barony, became "Fiar" of Cardross. He m. (cont. 3 Dec), soon after 

14 Dec. 1625, Margaret, sister of William, Lord Bellenden [S.], da. of 
Sir James Bellenden, of Broughton, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir William Ker, 
of Cessford. He d. v.p., late in the year 1628. His widow was living 
Jan. 1639/40.] 

IL 1634. 2. David (Erskine), Lord Cardross [S.], grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of Henry Erskine, slykd Master 
OF Cardross, by Margaret, his wife abovenamed. He was I?ap. 6 Feb. 
162611,0') ^'^^ '^^^ served h. to the Lordship of Cardross, though still a 
minor, 17 Mar. i6t,6/j. In 1646 he was one of the few Peers [S.] who 
protested against delivering up Charles I to the English army at New- 
castle. He was a promoter of "the engagement" of 1648, for which he 
was fined ^^ 1,000, and, in 1649, '"^'^^ debarred from sitting in Pari. On 
10 Feb. 1663/4, he obtained a new charter of the Lordship and Parliamentary 
Peerage of Cardross, with a power of nominating his successor, which failing 
with rem. to the heirs male of his body, rem. to his heirs and assigns 
whatever. He m., istly, in 1645 (cont. dat. 9 Aug. 1645), Anne, da. of 
Sir Thomas Hope, istBart. [S. 1628], of Craighall (the well-known Coven- 
anting lawyer), by Elizabeth, da. of Robert Bennet, Town Clerk of Mussel- 
burgh.('=) She was bap. 19 Apr. 1625. He m., 2ndly, in 1655, Mary, sister 
of Edward, Earl of Kincardine [S.], da. of George Bruce, of Carnock, 
by Mary, da. of Sir John Preston, of Valleyfield. He d'. 1671, aged 44. 

in. 1 67 1. 3. Henry (Erskine), Lord Cardross [S.], s. and h., 

by 1st wife, was b. 1650. He suffered much from his 

zealous Protestantism and his opposition to the Earl of Lauderdale's 

administration, being imprisoned from Aug. 1675 to July 1679. The 

(') The question has also been raised whether this Henry Erskine did not actually 
become in 161 7 Lord Cardross [S.], on the ground that his father's reservation of the 
life-rent applied to the lands only and not to the title; such seems to have been the 
view held by Riddell; but though on one occasion at least {Acts of Pari., vol. v, 547) 
he is called "Lord Cardross," he appears never to have sat in Pari. [S.] among the 
"Lords." {ex inform. G. Burnett, sometime Lyon). See also an article on such 
Peerages in Her. & Gen., vol. iii, p. 522. 

(*) Canongate Register. V.G. 

{") This is Sir Thomas's own account of his wife's parentage. See Scots Peerage, 
vol. viii, p. 577, note 10. V.G. 



20 CARDROSS 

Privy Council [S.], on I2 Feb. 1680, accused him of misrepresentation, on 
which he emigrated to Carolina, in North America, establishing a colony 
there. He accompanied the Prince of Orange to England in 1688, for 
whom he raised a regiment of Dragoons; Col., Apr. i689.(^) P.C. [S.], 
and Gov. of the Mint to William III. He m., 3 Mar. 1671, Catherine, 
2nd and yst. da. of Sir James Stewart, of Kirkhill, co. Linlithgow, sister 
and coh.C") of Sir William S. He d. at Edinburgh, 21 May 1693, in his 
44th year. His widow d. at Edinburgh, Jan., and was bur. i Feb. 1725, in 
the Abbey Church of Holyrood there. 

IV. 1693. 4. David (Erskine), Lord Cardross [S.], s. and h., 

b. 1672. By the death of his cousin, William (Erskine), 
Earl of Buchan [S.], in 1695, he sue. to that Earldom. See "Buchan," 
Earldom of [S.], cr. 1469, under the 9th Earl. 



CARDWELL OF ELLERBECK 

VISCOUNTCY. I. Edward Cardwell, 1st s. of John C, of Liver- 

pool, merchant, by Elizabeth, da. of Richard Birley, 
I. 1874 of Blackburn, CO. Lancaster, was i^. 24 July 1 8 13. Ed. 

to at Winchester; matric. at Oxford (Ball. Coll.) 25 Mar. 

1886. 1 831; Pres. of Oxford Union Soc. 1833 and i835;(<^) 

B.A., double first class, and Fellow of Balliol Coll., 
1835; M.A. 1838; cr. D.C.L. 1863. Barrister (Inner Temple) 1838. 
M.P. (Conservative) for Clitheroe 1 842-47 ; for Liverpool (Peelite) 
1847-52; and for Oxford City (Liberal) 1853-57, and i857-74.('^) Joint 
Sec. to the Treasury, 1845-46; Eccles. Commissioner 1852-82 ; President 
of the Board of Trade 1852-55; P.C. [G.B.] (sworn) 28 Dec. 1852; 
Ch. Sec. to the Lord Lieut, of Ireland 1859-61; P.C. [I.] 5 July 1859; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (with a seat in the Cabinet) 
1861-64; Sec. of State for the Colonies, Apr. 1864 to July 1866; Sec. of 
State for War, Dec. 1868 to Feb. 1874, when he introduced various changes, 
aboHshing purchase in the Army, re-naming regiments, i^c. F.R.S. 
18 Dec. 1873. On 6 Mar. 1874, he was cr. VISCOUNT CARDWELL 
OF ELLERBECK, co. Lancaster. He m., 14 Aug. 1848, Annie, da. of 
Charles Stuart Parker, of Fairlie, Ayrshire. He d. s.p., at "Villa Como," 
Torquay, Devon, in his 72nd year, 15, and was bur. 23 Feb. 1886, at 

(=') For a list of the principal persons in arms for the Prince of Orange, see vol. ii. 
Appendix H. V.G. 

C") Nicola, the other sister, m. Alexander (Cunningham), lOth Earl of Glen- 
cairn [S.]. 

(<=) For a list of peers who were presidents of the Union Soc. of Oxford or of 
Cambridge, see vol. iv, Appendix F. V.G. 

(<^) He lost his seat at the general election in 1857, but was re-elected (on the 
unseating of his opponent) the same year, after a contest with the novelist Thackeray. 
V.G. 



CARDWELL 21 

Highgate Cemetery, MIdx., when his Peerage became extinct.(^) Will 
pr. 2 Apr. 1886, at £,S^i9i'^- ^^'s widow d. 20 Feb. 1887, at 24 Eaton 
Sq., Midx., and was bur. at Highgate afsd. Admon. 18 Mar. 1887, over 
^13,000. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,523 acres in Lincoln- 
shire; 1,317 in Lancashire, and 717 in Warwickshire. Total, 4,557 acres, 
valued at ^^8, 861 a year. Principal Residence. — EUerbeck Hall, near Chorley, 
Lancashire. 

CAREW OF CLOPTON 

BARONY. I. Sir George Carew, "Vice Chamberlain to the 

Queen and Lieut. Gen. of the Ordnance, and late President 

L 1605 of the Province of Munster, in Ireland," was, on 4 May 

to 1605, cr. BARON CAREW OF CLOPTON, co. War- 

1629. wick.C") On 7 Feb. 1625/6, he was cr. Earl of Totness, 

CO. Devon. See "Totness," Earldom of, cr. 1626; 

extinct 1629. 

CAREW (co. Wexford) and CAREW OF CASTLE BORO 

BARONY [I.] I. Robert Shapland Carew, s. and h. of Robert 

J „ Shapland C, of Castle Boro,('') co. Wexford (who d. 

^^' 29 Mar. 1829), by Anne, da. and h. of the Rev. Richard 

■RARONY PiGOTT, D.D., of Dysart, Queen's County, and Dorothea, 

da. of Maurice (Crosbie), ist Baron Bandon [L], was b. 
\. 1838. 9 Mar. 1787, at Dublin; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 

24 Oct. 1804; was M.P. (Whig) for co. Wexford, 
1812-30, and 1831-34. He was, on 13 June 1834, cr. BARON CAREW, 

if) "He was the most typical pupil as well as one of the warmest adherents of 
Peel . . . like Peel he was dry and like Peel somewhat stiff and formal ; there was 
nothing about him brilliant or impressive to anyone who was not impressed by duty. 
He was not and never could have been a party leader; he had not the fire, the 
magnetism, the eloquence, or the skill as a tactician . . . He was content to do the 
business and solve the question of the hour ... by an honest sort of opportunism 
rather than on any very broad principle . . . He was an indifferent partisan, his mind 
was too fair and his judgment too cool. On the other hand he was a true comrade, a 
fast friend, and not a bad hater of the enemies of his friends . . . He was cautious, 
perhaps reticent, to a fault. Without being eloquent, he was a good and convincing 
speaker in Peel's manner, and particularly clear in exposition ... It was as an 
administrator and practical legislator that he was really great. . . . His great achieve- 
ments and monuments are the Merchant Shipping Act of 1854, which is still the code 
of our Mercantile Marine, and the transformation of the Army to a professional and 
scientific force." Reminiscences, by Goldwin Smith (1910), pp. 187-9. V.G. 

i^) For a list of the eight peers cr. on this day, see note sub Thomas, Earl of 
Exeter [1605]. 

(■=) The Castle on the river Boro, formerly Bally Boro, or more correctly 
Bealachboro, the Pass of the Boro. 



22 CAREW 

of CO. Wexford [!.].(") Shortly afterwards, viz. on 9 July 1 838, he was cr. 
BARON CAREW OF CASTLE BORO, co. Wexford [U.K.J.C) Lord 
Lieut, of CO. Wexford 1831 till his death; K.P. 18 Nov. 1851. Hew., 
16 Nov. 1 8 16, Jane Catherine, da. of Major Anthony Cliffe, of New Ross, 
by Frances, da. of Col. Joseph Deane, of Terenure and Cromlin, co. Wex- 
ford. He ^. 2 June 1856, aged 69. Will pr. May 1857. His widow, 
who was i. Dec. 1798, at Holyhead, d. 12 Nov. 1901, aged nearly 103, at 
Woodstown, CO. Waterford, having lived in three centuries. 

n. 1856. 2. Robert Shapland (Carew), Baron Carew [I.], 

also Baron Carew of Castle Boro, s. and h., ^.28 Jan. 
1 818, in Dublin; ed. at Eton, and matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 23 Jan. 1836; 
M.P. (Liberal) for co. Waterford, 1840-47; High Sheriff, 1849; Lord 
Lieut, of CO. Wexford, 1856 till his death; K.P. 29 Feb. 1872. He m., 
16 July 1844, at St. James's, Westm., Emily Anne, 2nd da. andcoh. of Sir 
George Richard Philips, Bart., of Weston, co. Warwick, by Sarah Georgiana, 
da. of Richard (Cavendish), Baron Waterpark [L]. He d. 8 Sep. 1881, 
aged 63, at 28 Belgrave Sq., Midx., and was Ipur. at Castle Boro. Will pr. 
28 May 1882, at ^^43,480. His widow d. at 28 Belgrave Sq., 24, and was 
iur. 28 Nov. 1899, at Enniscorthy. Will pr. above ;^ii,ooo gross, net 
personalty nil. 

in. 1881. 3. Robert Shapland George Julian (Carew), Baron 

Carew [I. 1834], also Baron Carew of Castle Boro 
[1838], s. andh., I?. 15 June i860, at 61 FitzWilliam Sq., Dublin; ed. atTrin. 
Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1882. A Liberal Unionist. He m., 27 June 
1888, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Julia Mary,(^) istda. and coh. of Albert Arthur 
Erin Lethbridge, by Jane, da. and h. of Robert A. Hill, of Hamilton, 
Canada West. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 17,830 acres in co. Wex- 
ford; 2,038 in CO. Waterford, and 1,098 in Queen's County. Total 20,966 
acres, valued (in 1883) at ;^ii,862 a year, and, in 1878, somewhat higher. 

CAREY OF LEPPINGTON 

BARONY. I. Sir Robert Carey, "Chamberlain of the House- 

hold of Charles, Prince of Wales," was, 6 Feb. 162 1/2, cr. 

1. 1622. BARON CAREY OF LEPPINGTON, co. York. On 

5 Feb. 1625/6 he was cr. EARL OF MONMOUTH. 

See "Monmouth," Earldom of, cr. 1626; extinct 1661. 

(*) The extinctions made use of for this creation, according to the Act of Union, 
were(i) the Barony of Brandon (Cr(?ii/V); (2) the Viscountcy of Fitzwilliam of Merion 
{Fitzwi/Iiam); and (3) the Earldom of LhiidaS [Mat hew). 

C") This is one of the "Coronation Peerages," for a list of which see vol. ii, Ap- 
pendix F. 

(■=) She and her sister had very light hair, and being the first English children the 
late Shah of Persia had ever seen, his Majesty enquired whether all children in 
England had their hair dyed gold colour. V.G. 



CARHAMPTON 23 



CARGILL 



"Cargill," Viscountcy [S.], see "Perth," Dukedom, cr. 22 Oct. 
1716 by the titular James III; and vol. i, Appendix F. 



CARHAMPTON and CARHAMPTON OF 
CASTLEHAVEN 

VISCOUNTCY I. Simon Luttrell, 2nd and only surv. s. of Major 

[I.] Gen. Henry L.,(^) of Luttrellstown.C) co. Dublin, by 

, „ Elizabeth, da. of Charles Jones, of Halkin, co. Flint, was 

' ' ^.1713, four years before his father's murder. M.P. 

FARTnOM rn (Whig)for St. Michael 1755-61, for Wigan 1761-68, for 
l^AKLUum Li.j wgobley 1768-74, and for Stockbridge 1774-80. Hav- 
I. 1785. ing sue. his elder br.('=) in the family estates, he was cr., 

13 Oct. 1768, BARON IRNHAM(^) OF LUT- 
TRELLSTOWN, CO. Dublin, and, subsequently, 9 Jan. 178 1, VISCOUNT 
CARHAMPTON n OF CASTLEHAVEN, co. Cork, and, finally, 2 3 June 
1785,0 EARL OF CARHAMPTON [I.].0 He w., 1737, Judith Maria, 

(*) His desertion of the cause of James II is said to have caused the fatal defeat at 
Aughrim, a piece of treachery which excited "the abhorrence of the Roman Catholic 
population" in Ireland, by one of whom, finally, he was assassinated in Dublin, 22 Oct. 
1717, aged 63. "Eighty years after his death, his grave, near Luttrellstown, was 
violated by the descendants of those whom he had betrayed, and his skull was broken 
to pieces with a pickaxe." {Macaulay). G.E.C. His elder br., Simon, who remained 
loyal to James II, was attainted, and d. s.p., 15 Oct. 1698, in France. V.G. 

C') This estate was owned by the Luttrells from the time of Henry VI until early 
in the 19th century, when it was sold to the bookseller Luke White, father of the 
1st Baron Annaly [I.]. V.G. 

(') His will was proved 18 Aug. 1730. V.G. 

{^) These titles were taken from Irnham, in Lincolnshire, where a family of Luttrell 
(from whom the Luttrells of Somerset claimed descent) was long (1200-1400) settled; 
and from Carhampton, in Somerset, of which manor the Luttrells of Dunster in that 
CO. were possessors, the implication being that the Irish Luttrells were connected 
with the lords of Dunster. No such connection, however, has been established. See 
Sir Henry Maxwell-Lyte's History of Dunster (1909), Appendix D. 

(') He had been struggling to obtain this Earldom, certainly as early as July I774» 
and there is a letter of that date from Lord North printed in the Harcourt Papers, vol. ix, 
p. 216-17, which gives a typical picture of 1 8th cent. Irish politics. Col. Luttrell 
had applied that his father Lord Irnham should be advanced to an Earldom, and 
Lord North had replied that it would be impossible to recommend Lord I. for a mark 
of the royal favour while he was in declared opposition to the L. Lieut, of Ireland. 
Shortly after Lord I. called on Lord N. and informed him that he had "desisted from 
giving any further trouble in Pari.: — zealously contributed to voting the address" — 
which, to use Lord North's words, "he seemed to consider as a valuable consideration 
which entitled him to an Earldom immediately." For a list of the profuse creations 
and promotions in the Irish Peerage see Appendix H to this volume. V.G. 



24 CARHAMPTON 

da. and eventually h. of Sir Nicholas Lawes, many years Gov. of Jamaica, 
by Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Cotton, da. of Sir Thomas Lawley, Bart. 
He d. 14 Jan. 1787, in Dublin, aged 73-0 Will pr. Sep. I787.('') His 
widow d. Dec. 1798, at Sheepy Hall, "Wilts, having been blind for 
several years. Will pr. Jan. 1799. 

EARLDOM 2. Henry Lawes (Luttrell), Earl of Carhamp- 

AND TON, i^z. [I.], being styled Lord Luttrell from 1785 

VISCOUNTCY to 1787, s. and h., b. 7 Aug. 1743; entered the army, 
[L] becoming Adjutant Gen. [L] 1770-83; Major Gen. 

1782; Lieut. Gen. of the Ordnance [I.] 1789-97, and 
IL 1787. MasterGen.thereofi797-i8oo; Lieut. Gen. 1793; Com- 

mander of the Forces [L] 1796-97; finally Gen. 1798; 
also Col. of the 6th Dragoon Guards 1788 till his death. M.P. (Tory) for 
Bossiney 1768-69, for Middlesex i769-74,('=) for Bossiney again i774-84,('') 
for Old Leighlin [L] 1783-87, for Plympton 1790-94, and for Ludgershall 
1817 till his death; P.C. [L] 16 Aug. 1786; Custos Rot. co. Dublin 1789 
till his death.^) He w., 25 June 1776, Jane, da. of George Boyd, of 
Dublin, by Anne, da. and coh. of Galbraith Hamilton, of Dublin. He d. 
s.p., 25 Apr. 1 82 1, in his 78th year, in Bruton Str., Midx. Will pr. May 
1821. His widow d. there 7 Apr. 1831. Will dat. 13 June 1821, pr. 
1 1 May 1 83 1. 

in. 1 82 1 3. John (Luttrell-Olmius), Earl of Carhampton 

to [1783], Viscount Carhampton of Castlehaven [1781], 

1829. and Baron Irnham of Luttrellstown [1768], all in the 

peerage of Ireland, only surv. br. and h., being 3rd s. of 

(^) His 1st da. Anne, m., istly, 4 Aug. 1765, Christopher Horton, of Catton, co. 
Derby, and 2ndly, 2 Oct. 1 77 1, H.R.H. Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland (br. 
George III), who d. s.p. 18 Sep. 1790, aged 44. She d. Feb. 1809, aged 56. 
Another da., Elizabeth, is described by Sir H. Heron, in his Notes, as living with the 
Duchess, playing high and cheating much; afterwards as being in gaol and giving a 
hairdresser ,^50 to marry her; then as being convicted of picking pockets in Augsburg, 
and being condemned to clean the streets chained to a wheelbarrow; and finally, as 
poisoning herself. V.G. 

i^) His eldest s. is said to have accepted his challenge to a duel, provided his father 
could get any gentleman to act as his second! He was at law in the Court of 
Chancery [I.] with this son as to the possession of the mansion house at the time of 
hfs death. They seem to have been an unlovely race. V.G. 

C") As Col. Luttrell, he was the well-known opponent of Wilkes. 

{^) He was one of those, for the most part Whigs, who, having supported the 
Coalition of North and Fox, were turned out of their seats at the general election of 
1784, when Pitt swept the board, and were known as "Fox's Martyrs." For a list 
of them see vol. iv, Appendix A. "As a speaker he is by no means high in estima- 
tion ; his manner is vehement and passionate." {Sketches of Irish Political Character). 
V.G. 

(^) In 1795 he was charged with the pacification of Connaught, and as Com- 
mander in Chief took a vigorous and unrelenting part in suppressing the Irish 
rebellion. V.G. 



CARHAMPTON 25 

the ist Lord. M.P. (Whig) for Stockbridge 1774-85. He was Capt. 
R.N. 1781-89. Commissioner of Excise 1 785-1 826. He m. istly 
I July 1766, Ehzabeth, only da. of John (Olmius), ist Baron Waltham [I.]^ 
by Anne, ist da. and eventually h. or coh. of Sir William Billers, some- 
time Lord Mayor of London. On the death j./., 10 Dec. 1786, of her br. 
Drigue Billers, 2nd Baron Waltham [I.], he, by roy. lie. 3 Apr. 1787, took 
the name of Olmius after that oi Luttrell. She d. s.p.m.s., 12 June I797.(*) 
He m., 2ndly, 16 July 1798, Maria, ist da. of John Morgan, of the Inner 
Temple, London, Recorder of Maidstone. He d. s.p.m.s.^ 19 Mar. 1829 
in Devonshire Place, Midx., aged about 84, when all his Peerage titles 
became extinct.(^) Will pr. Mar. 1829. His widow d. 18 Jan. i8"57,('=) at 
Brighton, aged 80. Will pr. Feb. 1857. 

CARILL see CARYLL 

CARINGTON see CARRINGTON 

CARLANSTOWN 

i.e. " Nugent of Carlanstown, co. Westmeath," Barony [I.] (Nugent), 
cr. 1767, with the Viscountcy of Clare [I.], which see; extinct 1788. 

See " Nugent of Carlanstown " Barony [I.] {Nugent-Temple-Grenvilk), 
cr. 1800; extinct 18 12. 

See "Nugent of Carlanstown" Barony [L] (Nugent-Temp le-Gren- 
•vi/Ie), cr. 1800; extinct 1850. 

CARLAVEROCK 

See " Maxwell [of Carlaverock.'']," Barony [L] (Maxwell), cr. before 
1449; forfeited 171 5. 

CARLEILL 

i.e. "Lord Maxwell, Eskdale and Carleill" and Earl of Niths- 
DALE [S.] (Maxwell). See "Nithsdale," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1620 (with 
precedency from 158 1); forfeited 1715. 

(*) By her he had two sons, John who d. Apr. 1769, and James who d. 1772. 

C') In a Tasmanian newspaper is a notice of the death, on 23 Feb. 1886, in his 
65th year, "at his residence, Somerset Cottage, Bellerive, [of] Edward Hungerford 
[Luttrell] eldest s. of the late Edgar Luttrell, of H.M.'s Customs, and grandson of the 
late Edward Luttrell, late Surgeon Gen. of Tasmania, and Earl of Carhampton." 
ex inform. Justin Browne, Lord's Place, Hobart, Tasmania, who adds "Mr. E. H. 
Luttrell has been my tenant for many years, his grandfather, Dr. Luttrell, having the 
bar sinister, could not claim the Earldom, though it was always known that he was an 
offshoot of the family." 

if) The estates went to the two daughters and coheirs of the Earl, viz. (i) Frances 
Maria, da. by ist wife, h. Sep. 1768, m. 1789, Sir Simeon Stuart, Bart., who </. 
14 Jan. 1 816. She d. 4 Jan. 1848, leaving issue. (2) Maria Anne, da. by 2nd wife, 
b. May 1799; m. i-j Feb. 1821, Lt. Col. Hardress Robert Saunderson, Gren. Guards. 
She d. 14 Nov. 1861, leaving issue, 

4 



26 CARLETON 

CARLETON OF ANNER and CARLETON OF 

CLARE 

RAPOXrvni ^- Hugh Carleton, 2nd s. of Francis C, of 

iJAKUIN 1 [l.J ^^^^^ ^ leading Merchant there, by Rebecca, da. of 

I. 1789. Hugh Lawton, of Lake Marsh, co. Cork, was i. 

II Sep. 1739; adm. to the Middle Temple 1758; 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] Barrister of King's Inns, Dublin, Trinity 1764. 

I. 1797 K.C. 1768; 3rd Serjeant 1776-77; 2nd Serjeant 

to 1777-79- M. P. for Tuam 1772-76; for Phlllpstown 

1826. 1776-83; and for Naas 1783-87; Solicitor Gen. 

[I.] 1779-87; P.C. [I.] II May 1787; Lord Ch. 
Justice of the Common Pleas [I.] 1787-1800. On 17 Sep. 1789, he was cr. 
BARON CARLETON OF ANNER,n co. Tipperary, and subsequently, 
21 Nov. 1797, VISCOUNT CARLETON OF CLARE, co. Tipperary. 
Rep. Peer [I.], 1801-26; cr. Hon. D.C.L., Oxford, 3 July 18 10. He m., 
istly, 2 Aug. 1766, Elizabeth, da. of Richard Mercer, of Dublin, by 
Elizabeth, da. of Peter Godbey. She ^. 27 May 1794. He m., 2ndly, 
15 July 1795, at Uxbridge, Mary Buckley, 2nd da. of Abednego Mathew, 
of Handley, co. Dorset, by Jennett, da. and h. of William Buckley, of 
St. Kitts. She d. 13 Mar. 18 10, In the parish of St. Geo., Han. Sq. M.I. 
at Hawsted, Suffolk. He d'. s.p., 25 Feb. 1826, In his 87th year, at his 
house in George Str., Hanover Sq., MIdx., when his Peerage became 
extinct.(^) Will pr. Mar. 1826. 

CARLETON OF CARLETON 

BARONY, I. Henry Boyle, yr. br. of Charles, Earl of Bur- 

lington [E.] and Earl of Cork [1.], being 2nd surv. s. 
I. 1714 of Charles (Boyle), Lord Clifford, by his 1st wife, Jane, 

to da. of William (Seymour), Duke of Somerset, was M.P. 

1725. (Whig) for Tamworth 1689-90; for Aldborough Feb. to 

May 1690; for Cambridge Univ. 1692-1705; and for 
Westm. 1705-10; M.A. Cambridge (Trin. Coll.) 1693; a Lord of the 
Treasury 1 699-1 701 ; P.C. [E.] 27 Mar. 1701 ; Chancellor of the Ex- 

(*) Said to be a corruption of "Avontar," a river in co. Tipperary. For a list of 
creations and promotions in the Irish peerage, see Appendix H to this volume. 

('') In 1798 he "gave his sentiments very firmly on the question of the Union" 
but altered these views and became a declared supporter in 1799. The "secret and 
confidential" correspondence of Lord Cornwallis and the Duke of Portland shows 
very clearly that this alteration was produced by allowing him to retire from the 
Bench, on the plea of ill health, with a pension and promising to make him a repre- 
sentative peer. "As a lawyer he holds the middle rank, not having ever been 
considered as a first-rate man; persevering industry and methodical arrangement being 
the leading traits of his professional character. As a professional speaker he was neat 
and argumentative but of no great consideration in Parliament." [Sketches of Irish 
political character). V.G. 



CARLETON 27 

chequer, 1701-08 ; Lord Treasurer [I.], 1704-10. Lord Lieut, of the West 
Riding 1704-15; one of the Commissioners for the Union [S.], 1706; Princ. 
Sec. of State for the North, 1708-10. App. P.C. [I.] 30 Sep. 17 14, but 
never sworn. On 19 Oct. 1714,0 he was cr. BARON CARLETON 
of Carleton, co. York. Hon. D.C.L., Oxford, 6 July 1720. Lord 
President of the Council, 25 June 1721, till his death. He d. unm., 
at Carleton House, Pall Mall, Midx., 14, and was bur. 31 Mar. 1725, 
when his Peerage became extinct.(^) "Will pr. 1725. 



n. 1786. I. Richard (Boyle), Earl OF Shannon, &'c. [L], who 

had sue. his father in that Peerage in 1764, was, on 6 Aug. 
1786, cr. BARON CARLETON of Carleton, co. York. See "Shannon^" 
Earldom of [I.], cr. 1756, under the 2nd Earl. 

CARLETON OF IMBERCOURT 

BARONY. I. Sir "Dudley Carleton, Knt., Vice-Chamberlain of 

the Household and one of the Privy Council" was, on 

L 1626 22 May 1626, fr. BARON CARLETON OF IMBER- 

to COURT,Surrey. On 25 July i628,hewasfr.VISCOUNT 

1632. DORCHESTER, co. Oxford. He d. s.p., 15 Feb. 

1 63 1/2, when all his honours became extinct. See fuller 

account under "Dorchester," Viscountcy, cr. 1628; extinct 1632. 

CARLILE see CARLYLE 

CARLINGFORD 

VISCOUNTCY [L] i. Barnham Swift, s. of Sir Robert S., of 

Rotherham, co. York (who d. 14 Mar. 1625), by 

!• 1628 his 2nd wife, Ursula, da. of Stephen, and sister and 

to coh. of Martin Barnham, of Lewes, Sussex, was 

1635. b. at Mr. Barnham's house at Denne, and bap. 

7 Dec. 1 606, at Horsham, Sussex. He became (by 

the death of his eldest br.) h. to his father, and was shortly afterwards, 2 1 Mar. 

1627/8, cr. VISCOUNT CARLINGFORD, CO. Louth [I.]. In June 1634 

he was excused from attendance in Pari. [I.]. He w., Aug. 161 8, Mary, 

da. of William (Crichton), ist Earl of Dumfries [S.], by his ist wife. 



(^) This was one of the 14 peerages cr. at the Coronation of George I, for a hst of 
which see vol. ii, Appendix F. 

(*>) Bishop Burnet's character of him, when Chancellor of the Exchequer [i 70 1 -08] 
and "turned 30," with Dean Swift's comments thereon in italics, is as follows: — "Is 
a good companion in conversation; agreeable among the ladies; serves the Queen very 
assiduously in council; makes a considerable figure in the House of Commons; by 
his prudent administration obliges everybody in the Exchequer, and, m time, may 
prove a great man. Had some very scurvy qualities, particularly avarice. 



28 CARLINGFORD 

Eupheme, da. of James Seton, of Tonch. He d. abroad, s.p.m.,(^) 28 Jan. 
1634/5, aged 28, when his Peerage became extinct.^'') Caveat against proof 
of his will at York, i May 1635, unless the widow be summoned, ^Pc. 
His widow d. 24 Aug. 1674, and was bur. at Sandal-Parva, co. York. Will 
dat. 26 July 1672, pr. 19 Oct. 1675, at York. 



EARLDOM [I.] I. Theobald Taaffe, s. and h. of John, ist 

Viscount Taaffe of Corren [I.], by Anne, da. of 
I. 1661. Theobald (Dillon), Viscount Dillon [I.], was M.P. 

for CO. Sligo, 1639; sue. his father as Viscount Taaffe 
1642. He was in command of the rebel Rom. Cath. Irish in Connaught 
in 1 644, and in Munster (of which province he was Gov. till 1 646) in 1 647, 
being severely defeated by Lord Inchiquin at Mallow 13 Nov. 1 647. Master 
of the Ordnance, 1649. He actively supported the Royal cause in Ireland, 
and was excepted from pardon by Cromwell's Act of Settlement. At the 
Restoration he obtained a considerable pension, and was, 26 June 1661, cr. 
EARL OF CARLINGFORDC^) co. Louth [I.], his lands being restored 
to him in Mar. 1 660/1. A sign manual warrant for his being cr. Earl of 
Limerick is dat. 1661, and another 17 June 1661 for his creation as in 
the text. He m., istly, Mary, ist da. of Sir Nicholas White, of Leixlip, 
CO. Kildare, by Ursula, ist da. of Garrett, ist Viscount Moore of Dro- 
gheda. He m.y 2ndly, Ann, da. of Sir William Pershall, of Suggenhill, 
CO. Stafford, by Frances, da. of Walter (Aston), Lord Aston [S.]. He d. 
31 Dec. 1677, and was bur. at Ballymote. Will dat. 29 Sep. 1677, pr. 
8 Aug. 1700, in Dublin. C) His widow m., before 1681, Randal (Plun- 
kett), Lord Dunsany [I.], but d. s.p. before May 17 11. 

(*) Mary, his da. and h., m. Robert Feilding (of the Court of Charles II), who 
squandered all her property. 

('') The title was assumed about the middle of the 19th century by Godwin 
Meade Pratt Swifte, of Swiftesheath, co. Kilkenny, who was descended from Thomas 
Swift, eldest brother of the half blood to William Swift of Rotherham, grandfather of 
Viscount Carlingford. 

{^) See preamble to this patent in Lodge^ vol. iii, p. 295, note. As to the previous 
warrant to create him Earl of Limerick, see Cal. of State Papers [I.], 1660-62, 
P- 356. 

('') Queen Henrietta Maria writes in 1650 to the Duke of Lorraine, "Mon cousin 
le Viscount deTaafe . . . vous le pourrez croire entierement, et en faire estime comme 
d'une personne d'un grand merite, et qui a servi le feu roi . . . avec affection et fide- 
lit6 singulicre." Carte calls him "a bold and forward undertaker." His name, 
with that of his ist son, William, appears in the "Faithful and humble remonstrance 
of the Roman Catholic Nobility and Gentry of Ireland" — presented to the King in 
1663, setting forth "the prodigious afflictions under which the Monarchy had groaned 
these 20 years," and identifying themselves with a "humble remonstrance" of the 
Roman Catholic Clergy, praying the Royal Protection. These noblemen, together 
with 85 commoners of considerable position, are as under, viz.: 

Carlingford, Theobald (Taaffe), Earl of [so cr. 1661]. 

Castleconnell, William (Bourke), Baron of. 



CARLINGFORD 29 

[William TAAFFE,j/y/,?rf' Viscount Taaffe, ist s. andh. ap. by istwife, 
was, apparently, of full age in 1668. He d. unm. and v.p.^ before Dec. 
1673. Admon. 12 Nov. 1688 and i Oct. 1691 at Dublin.] 

II. 1677. 2. Nicholas (Taaffe), Earl of Carlingford, 6fc. 

[I.], 3rd but I St surv. s. and h. by ist wife. P.C. [I.] 
3 May 1686; Envoy to the Emperor Leopold, 1689. He did not attend the 
Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 1 689. C*) He m. Mary, only child of Humphrey 
Weld, of Lulworth, Dorset, by Clare, da. of Thomas (Arundell), Baron 
Arundell of Wardour. He d. s.p., being slain at the head of his regt. 
of Foot, at the battle of the Boyne, 2 July 1 690, on the side of King James. 
Admon. i Oct. 1691, at Dublin. 

III. 1690. 3. Francis (Taaffe), Earl OF Carlingford, {ffc. [I.], 

br. and h., b. 1639, at Ballymote, co. Sligo. He was ed. 
at Olmiltz in Germany; became Page of Honour to the Emperor Ferdi- 
nand, was above 30 years in the Imperial Service (as "Count Taaffe"). He 
commanded an Austrian Cuirassier Regt. in 1673, and fought at Sanzheim 
and Mahlhausen. Lieut. Gen. of Horse 1687; Field Marshal and Knight 
of the Golden Fleece 1694. He was exempted from attainder by a special 
clause in the Act of Pari., i Will, and Mary. He m., in 1676, Helena 
Maximiliana von Traudisch, widow of Wilhelm Heinrich Schlik., and 
later of Franz Ernst Schlik {ci. 16 Aug. 1675), both Counts of Bassano 
AND Weisskirchen.C") She^. ini700. He^.j./i.i., Aug. 1704, at Nancy, 
and was bur. in the Cathedral there, aged 6^. Will dat. 23 Feb. 1701 
to 16 July 1704. 

Clone, see '■'■ Dungan of C lane.'''' 

Clancarty, Donogh (M'Carty), Earl of. 

Dillon, Thomas (Dillon), Viscount. 

Dungan of Clane, William (Dungan), Viscount, a: Earl of Limerick 1685. 

Fingal, Luke (Plunkett), Earl of. 

Inchiquin, Morrough (O'Brien), Earl of. 

Iveagh, Arthur (Magenis), Viscount. 

Louth, Oliver (Plunkett), Baron of. 

Mountgarret, Edmund (Butler), Viscount. 

Muskerry, Charles (M'Carty), Viscount. 

Taaffe, William, styled Viscount Taaffe, being s. and h. ap. or the Earl of 

Carlingford. 
Tyrconnel, Oliver (Fitzwilliam), Earl of [so cr. 1661]. 
See King James' Irish Army List, 1689, by J. D'Alton (Dublin, 1885), p. 6. 

(^) For a list of Peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D to this 
volume. 

C') These Counts were both of the Schlackenwerther line, although they were 
only 4th cousins. Helena was and wife to each of them. See Wiener Jrc/iiv Jiir 
Gesch., Liter, und Kunst, vol. xvii, p. 417 sqq., Wurzbach, Biog. Lex. d. Kaiserthums 
Osterreich, vol. xxx, etc. {ex inform. G. W. Watson). 



30 CARLINGFORD 

IV. 1704 4. Theobald (Taaffe), Earl OF Carlingford [166 1], 

to Viscount Taaffe of Corren and Baron of Ballymote 

1738. [1628] in Ireland, nephew and h., beings, and h. of the Hon. 

John Taaffe, of Calliaghstown, co. Louth, by Rose, da. of 
Charles (Lambart), ist Earl of Cavan [I.], which John was yst. br. of the 
last Earl, and (being a Major in King James's army) was slain in the siege 
of Derry in Apr. 1689. He m., in 1696/7, before 15 Feb. (probably at 
Antwerp), Amelia, yst. da. of Luke (Plunkett), 3rd Earl of Fingall [I.], 
by Margaret, da. of Donogh (M'Carty), Earl of Clancarty [I.]. He 
d. s.p., at Lille, 24, and was bur. 26 Nov. 1738, in a chapel there. Will 
dat. 7 May 1737, pr. in Dublin 2 May 1739. His widow d. 4 Oct. 1757 
at Brussels. Will pr. 1758. On his death the Earldom became extinct^ 
but the Viscountcy and Barony devolved on his cousin and h. male, whom 
he had constituted his heir and residuary legatee. See " Taaffe," Vis- 
countcy [I.], cr. 1628. 



i.e. "Carlingford," Viscountcy [L] {Carpenter), cr. 1761, with the 
Earldom of Tyrconnel [I.] which see; extinct 1853. 



BARONY. I. The Rt. Hon. Chichester Samuel Parkinson- 

T „ FoRTESCuE was, 28 Feb. 1874, cr. BARON CARLING- 

1. i»74. FORD of Carlingford, co. Louth. On 27 July 1887, 

he sue. his br. as Baron Clermont of Dromiskin, 
CO. Louth [I.]. See "Clermont," Barony [I.], cr. 1852, fxft'«cr herewith 
1898. 

CARLISLE 

Randolph le Meschin has often been wrongly described both as EARL 
OF CARLISLE, and Earl of Cumberland,(*) which County he is said 
to have exchanged with the King for that of Chester. In 112 1, he did in 
fact become Earl of Chester. He d. circa 1129. See "Chester," 
Earldom of. 

(*) "The old belief was that the Conqueror conferred the Earldom of Cumberland, 
or Carlisle, on Randulf le Meschin in 1072. This was corrected in the Introduction 
to the Pipe Rolh for Cumberland., cs'c. (184 7), and in Mr. Hinde's paper on the subject. 
{Arch. Journal^ vol. xvi, pp. 217, cs'c.) Freeman in his Norman Conquest asserts 
that 'Cumberland now [1092] became an Earldom.' But in his William Rufus 
(Appendix on 'Earldom of Carlisle') and in his 'Place of Carlisle in English History' 
{English towns and districts, p. 422) he corrects himself and refers to Mr. Hinde as 
proving that the Earldom was not of Cumberland but of Carlisle, and was not founded 
by William Rufus, but by Henry I. Even this, however, is wrong, for, as Eyton 
rightly observes (Addit. MSS. 31,930, fo. 171), Randulf was never 'Earl,' but merely 
"■Lord' of the district." [ex inform. J. Horace Round). It may also be added, as to 
the district, that he " was never Lord of Cumberland, but of the Lordship of Carlisle, 
which extended from the Solway on the north to the Duddon on the south. This 
was only a small part of Cumberland, which included, until 1239, the Bishoprics of 
Glasgow and Whiterne." {ex inform. E. Chester Waters). 



CARLISLE 31 

EARLDOM. I. Sir Andrew de Hartcla, or de Harcla,(^) 

s. of Michael de HarclAjC") Sheriff of Cumberland 
I. 1322 1285-98. He was Warden of Carlisle in 1296, served 

to in the Scottish wars 1304-11; was Sheriff of Cumber- 

1323. land, 1312-15 and 1319-22; M.P. for Cumberland, 

13 12; Warden of Carlisle Castle, 13 13; Warden of 
the West Marches and of Cumberland and Westmorland, 13 19. He 
was sum. to Pari. 15 May (132 1) 14 Edw. II, by writ directed Andree 
ae Hartcla, whereby he is held to have become LORD HARCLA.("=) 
Having routed the insurgents at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar. 132 1/2, ('^) 
and taken prisoner the Earl of Lancaster, their leader, he was, a few 
days afterwards, 25 Mar. 132 1/2, cr. EARL OF CARLISLE^) "to him 
and the heirs of his body,'' with a grant of lands to the value of 1,500 
marks a year.Q Jealous of the favour shown by the King to the family 
of Despenser, he intrigued with the Scots, and aspired to marry the sister of 
their King. He was detected, and tried at Knaresborough, 27 Feb. 1322/3, 
and condemned to be hanged, drawn, and quartered, his sword to be taken 
from him and his spurs hacked from his heels. He w. ( — ).(s) He d. 
according to the sentence, 3 Mar. 1322/3, when, having been degraded, all 
his honours vftvc forfeited. 



JohnC") "of Lancaster," Duke of Bedford (so cr. 1414 and 1433) is "by 
some authorities called EARL OF CARLISLE, but it does not appear that 
he either received or used that title. "(') He d. s.p., 14 Sep. 1435. 



Richard (Plantagenet), Duke of Gloucester (so cr. 1461), has, "by 
some writers, been considered EARL OF CARLISLE, but there appears 
to be little ground for ascribing that title to him."(') He afterwards 
became King Richard III, and d. s.p.s., 22 Aug. 1485. 



(*) The Castle of Harcla is in Westmorland. 

(*•) Among the writs of summons to judges for the Pari, of 15 May (1321) 
14 Edw. II, occurs one directed Magro MicKi de Harcla. 

(') As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title 
see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

("*) For an account of this battle and list of the nobles who fought there, see vol. ii 
Appendix C. 

(') As to peerage titles of higher grades held without a Barony, see vol. vii 
Appendix G. 

(*) " This being the first patent of creation unto Honour wherein any preamble 
importing the merits of the person so dignified, was ever used." [Dugdale, vol. ii 

P- 97)- 

(8) His wife has hitherto been given as " Ermerarde," but this is probably a mis- 
take, as the name of the wife of his br., John, was Ermeiarde. (See Cal. of Inq., 
Edward II, vol. vi, p. 222). V.G. 

0') As to his supposed name of " Plantagenet," see vol. i, p. 183, note "c," 

(') See Nicolas, p. ill. 



32 CARLISLE 

II. 1622. I. James Hay, s. of Sir James H., of Kingask, was b. 

about 1580, in Scotland, being of Pitcorthie, co. Fife; was 
ed. in France; Gent, of the Bedchamber to the King, 1603-15; was 
naturalised, 14 May 1604, being then a Knight, and, by patent, 21 June 
i6o6,(^) was cr. LORD HAY, without, however, a seat in the Upper 
House. ('') Gent, of the Robes, 1608; Master of the Great Wardrobe, 
1613-18. K.B., 4 June 1610. On 29 June 1615 (as "Domims Hay") 
he was cr. BARON HAY OF SAWLEY, co. York,C=) on 5 July 161 8, 
he was cr. VISCOUNT DONCASTER, and four years afterwards, on 
13 Sep. 1622, cr. EARL OF CARLISLE,^^) co. Cumberland. He was 
also Ambassador to Paris and Madrid, July to Oct. 161 6; to Germany, 
1619-20; to Paris, again, Apr. 1622, to Paris and Madrid, Feb. 1623, and 
to Venice, Apr. to Oct. 1628. P.C. 20 Mar. 161 6/7. Nom. K.G., 31 Dec. 
1624, inst. 13 Dec. 1625. He was as much in favour with Charles I as 
with the late King, and was First Gent, of the Bedchamber, 1626; Groom 
of the Stole, 1631 till his death. On 2 July 1627, he was made Gov. of 
the Caribbee Islands. He m., istly, "by royal mediation," 6 Jan. 1606/7, 
Honora,^) only child of Edward (Denny), Earl of Norwich, and Lord 
Denny (of Waltham), by Mary, da. of Thomas (Cecil), Earl of Exeter. 
She (/. after a miscarriage, and was bur. (at night) 16 Aug. 1614, in Wal- 
tham Abbey.(') He m., 2ndly, in the King's presence, but without her 
father's consent,(6) 6 Nov. 161 7, Lucy, da. of Henry (Percy), Earl of 
Northumberland, by Dorothy, da. of Walter (Devereux), ist Earl of 
Essex. He d. at Whitehall, 25 Apr., and was bur. 6 May 1636, from his 
house in the Strand, in St. Paul's Cathedral. C") Fun. certif. at Coll. of 

(^) See Creations in App. to 47th Rep. D.K. of the Public Records, p. 10 1. 

C") According to Dugda/e, vol. ii, p. 427, "with precedence next to the Barons of 
England." This precedence, however, even if not specified, would, it is presumed, 
be the natural effect of such a creation. 

(■=) This creation was " without any solemn investiture (being the first that ever 
was so created) the Lawyers then declaring that the delivery of the Letters Patent was 
sufficient, without any ceremony." See Dugda/e, vol. ii, p. 427. 

{^) Information as to this Earl and his successors has kindly been supplied by the 
Rev. H. L. L. Denny. V.G. 

(") " The richest heiress of her time." The match was procured with some diffi- 
culty by the King's influence on behalf of his favourite. V.G. 

" The Lady Honoria . . . coming in her coache out of towne somewhat late, 
either from a masque or from supper about Ludgate Hill had a very rich Jewell pulled 
violent from her forehead by a fellowe who was presently taken, and although she was 
an earnest suitor to the Kinge for him, was hanged for it in Fleet Street; she being 
greate with childe, and by reason of the sudden fright miscarrying died about a week 
after." {John Pym's Note Book). V.G. 

(«) This marriage was against the will of her father, who " could not endure that 
his daughter should dance any Scottish jig." V.G. 

C") Clarendon speaks of his gracefulness and affability, and says that he had " no 
bowels in the point of running in debt, or borrowing all he could. He was surely a 
man of the greatest expense in his person of any in the age he lived ... He had a great, 
an universal, understanding ... He left behind him the reputation of a very fine gentle- 



CARLISLE 33 

Arms. Admon. 20 May 1637. His widow d. suddenly, of apoplexy, 
5 Nov. 1660, J./>.,n at Little Cashiobury House, aged about 60, and was 
bur. at Petworth, with her father. Admon. (as of St. Martin's-in-the- 
Fields), 20 Dec. 1660. 

HI. 1636 2. James (Hay), Earl of Carlisle [1622], Viscount 

to DoNCASTER [1618], LoRD Denny (of Waltham) [1604], 

1660. Lord Hay [1606] and Baron Hay of Sawley [16 15], 

2nd, but only surv.('') s. and h. by ist wife, b. about 
1612. Knighted 17 May 1623. Had a grant in reversion of the office of 
Keeper of Epping Walk in the Forest of Waltham, to which he sue. on the 
death of his maternal grandfather. Col. of a regt. of Foot in Germany, 
1624. K.B., 2 Feb. 1625/6. He sue. his maternal grandfather, the Earl 
of Norwich, as Lord Denny (of Waltham), 24 Oct. 1637. In 1639 he 
established his hereditary right to the island of Barbados, then called the 
Carlisle Islands. Cr. M.A., Cambridge, 5 Mar. 1642. Col. of a reo-t. of 
Horse in the Royal Army, 1642-46. He resided at Barbados during the 
Civil War, returning to England in 1652. He w., 21 Mar. 1631/2, at 
St. Benet's Fink, London, (being then styled '■'■Lord of Doncaster") Mar- 
garet, 3rd da. of Francis (Russell), 4th Earl of Bedford, by Catherine, 
da. and h. of Giles (Brydges), Baron Chandos. He d. s.p., 30 Oct., and 
was bur. 15 Nov. 1660, at Waltham Abbey, Essex, when all his honours 
became extinct. Will pr. 1661. His widow m. (mar. lie. at Vic. Gen. 
office), I Aug. 1667 (as his 5th wife), Edward (Montagu), 2nd Earl of 
Manchester, who d. 5 May 1671. She d. Nov., and was bur. i Dec. 1676, 
at Chenies, Bucks. Will pr. 1676. 



IV. 1 66 1. I. Charles Howard, 2nd s. of Sir William H., 

of Naworth, Cumberland, by Mary, da. of William 

(EvERs), Baron Evers [or Eure], which Sir William H. was s. and h. of 

man, and a most accomplished courtier; and after having spent, in a very jovial life, 
above ^^400,000 ... he left not a house nor acre of land to be remembered by . . . 
he died with as much tranquility of mind as used to attend a man of more severe 
exercise of virtue." He was one of those who, in the reign of James I, "lay sucking 
at the brests of the State." (Osborne's ^KCt-« £//z.) Carlyle calls him "Heliogobalus 
Hay." His letters show tact, courtesy, and amiability, but neither diplomatic power 
nor penetration. V.G. 

(") She, who was one of the beauties of her time, is said to have been the person 
who gave Pym notice of the King's coming to the House to seize the five members. 
She appears to have then been Pym's " mistress," having certainly previously been so to 
the famous Earl of Strafford. She is appropriately styled " the Erinnys of her time," 
her charms and foibles being celebrated by Waller, Suckling, ^'c. Sir E. Nicholas 
bitterly writes of her 16 Apr. 1654, "His [Northumberland's] dear and virtuous 
sister Carlisle, who hath been throughout the whole story of his late Majesty's mis- 
fortunes a very pernicious instrument." G.E.C. and V.G. 

1^) His elder br., James Hay, was hap. I2 June 16 10, at Waltham, and was bur. 
there two days later. V.G. 

5 



34 CARLISLE 

Sir Philip H., the s. and h. ap. of Lord William Howard,(^) also of Naworth, 
is said to have been b. 1629, but probably earlier; sue. his elder br. William 
Howard shortly before Nov. 1646. Sheriff of Cumberland 1649-50; was 
" Capt. of the Lord Protector's Body Guard," and Col. of a regt. ot 
Horse; Member of the Council of State July to Dec. 1653; M.P. 
for Westmorland, 1653, for Cumberland 1654, 1656 and 1660. He is 
said to have received an hereditary Peerage C") from the Protector, by 
having been cr. 20 July 1657, BARON GILSLAND and VISCOUNT 
HOWARD OF MORPETH, anyhow he was sum., 10 Dec. 1657, to 
Cromwell's "House of Lords " where he is described as '■^ Lord Viscount 
Howard.'' Being, at the time of the Restoration, M.P. for Cumberland and, 
until Nov. 1660, Governor of Carlisle, he promoted the cause of the King. 
P.C. 2 June 1660 till 21 Apr. 1679; Custos Rot. of Essex July to Nov. 1660; 
Lord Lieut, of Cumberland and Westmorland Oct. 1660 till his death. On 
30 Apr. 1 66 1 (no recognition being made of his Cromwellian honours) he 
was cr. BARON DACRE OF GILLESLAND, Cumberland, VISCOUNT 
HOWARD OF MORPETH, Northumberland, and EARL OF CAR- 
LISLE.('^) In 1663 he was sent on an Embassy to the Czar of Muscovy; 
in 1664 to the King of Sweden and Denmark, and in 1668 (to convey the 
Order of the Garter) to Carl XI of Sweden. C*) F.R.S. 14 June 1665. 
Lieut. Gen. of the Forces, 1667; Lord Lieut, of Durham, 1672 till 
his death; Col. of a regt. of Foot, 1673. Gov. in Chief of Jamaica, 
1677-81. He m. Anne, da. of Edward (Howard), ist Baron Howard 
OF EscRiCK., by Mary, da. and coh. of John (Boteler), Baron Boteler 
OF Brantfield. We. d. 24 Feb. 1684/5, ^^ Hinderskelf, aged about 56, 
and was bur. at York Minster. M.I. Will dat. 16 Jan., pr. 18 May 
i685.(^) His widow was bur. 4 Sep. 1703, at York Minster. 

V. 1685. 2. Edward (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, £?'c., s. and 

h., aged 25 in 1671. M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth, 1666-79; 

for Cumberland, 1679-81, and for Carlisle, 1681. Joint Lord Lieut, of 

(^) This Lord William, better known as '■'■Belted Will" was Warden of the 
Western Marches, being yst. s. of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, and next br. (of the 
whole blood) to Thomas Howard, cr. Lord Howard de Walden and Earl of Suffolk. 
See tabular pedigree under "Norfolk," Dukedom of, cr. 1483. By his marriage 
with Elizabeth, da. of Thomas and sister and coh. of George (Dacre), respectively 
Lords Dacre (of Gillesland), he obtained the Castle of Naworth and other estates of the 
Dacre family. 

C') The only similar instance was that of the Barony of Burnell, but in that case 
the Peerage was conferred b'^ patent., 26 Apr. 1659, still (1912) existing. See vol. iv, 
Appendix G, for a list of Cromwell's " House of^ Lords," with some notice of each 
member thereof. 

(■=) For an account of the ceremonies attending this creation and others of the same 
date, see note mh Edward, Earl of Clarendon [1661]. 

('^) For a list of these Garter missions, see vol. ii, Appendix B. 

i^) " This person is not very amiably characterised in the Phoenix Britannicus." See 
note by Banks to Cromwell's "Lords'''' in Dugdale's Ancient Usage of Arms, edited by 
T. C. Banks, 1812, p. 437. 



CARLISLE 35 

Cumberland, 1668-85. Col. of a regt. of Foot, 1678-79. Gov. of Carlisle, 
1679-87. Dep. Ch. Butler at the Coronation of James II, 23 Apr. 1688. 
He m. (lie. at Vic. Gen. office 27 Apr. 1668, to marry at the Savoy) 
Elizabeth, widow of Sir William Berkeley, 2nd and yst. da. and coh. of 
Sir William Uvedale, of Wickham, Hants, by Victoria,(') his wife. He 
d. 23 Apr. 1692, at Wickham afsd., and was bur. there, aged about 46. 
Will pr. 6 May 1 692. His widow, who was bap. 8 June 1 646, at Wickham, 
d. there of cancer in the breast, i 5, and was bur. there 30 Dec. 1696. Will 
dat. 7 Dec. 1696, pr. 3 Feb. 1696/7. 

VI. 1692. 3. Charles (Howard), Earl OF Carlisle, &fc., s. and 

h., b. 1669. M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth, 1689-92; Gov. 
of Carlisle, 1 693-1 738; Lord Lieut, of Cumberland and Westmorland, 
1694-1712, and 1714-38. A Gent, of the Bedchamber, 1700-02. Deputy 
Earl Marshal, i 701-1706, officiating as such at the coronation of Queen 
Anne. P.C. 19 June 1701; First Lord of the Treasury, Dec. 1701 to 
May 1702, and again. May to Oct. 171 5. A Commissioner for the Union 
[S.], 1706. One of the Lord Justices of the Realm, i Aug. to 18 Sep. 
I7I4.('') Constable of the Tower 1715-22, and of Windsor Castle, 
1723-30. Master of the Harriers and Foxhounds, I730.('') He m., 25 July 
1688 (lie. at Vic. Gen. office, he aged 19 and she 13), Anne, da. of Arthur 
(Capell), 1st Earl of Essex, by Elizabeth, da. of Algernon (Percy), Earl 
OF Northumberland. He d. at Bath, i May 1738, aged about 69, and 
was bur. in the burying place at Castle Howard (formerly Hinderskelf), 
Cumberland, erected by himself ('') His widow d. 14, and was bur. 19 Oct. 
1752, at Watford, Herts, aged 78. 

VII. 1738. 4. Henry (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, fife., s. and 

h., b. 1694, ed. at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge; 
M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth, 1 7 15-3 8. C^) Norn, and inv. K.G., 18 Nov. 
1756, and inst., 29 Mar. 1757. He m., istly, 27 Nov. 1717, at night, 
Frances, da. of Charles (Spencer), 2nd Earl of Sunderland, by his ist 
wife, Arabella, da. and coh. of Henry (Cavendish), Duke of Newcastle. 
She d. at Long Orton, co. Huntingdon, 27 July, and was bur. 3 Aug. 1742, 

(^) In 1 66 1/2 she was wife of Bartholomew Price. V.G. 

{'') For a hst of these see note iub William, Duke of Devonshire [1707]. 

\^) The King wished to appoint the Duke of St. Albans to the Constable-ship 01 
Windsor, but there was difficulty in finding another office of profit for the Earl. 
The Mastership of the Harriers was then vacant, but the Earl, a keen sportsman, 
wished the style to be that of "Foxhounds." The King wished "Foxhounds" to be 
merely added to " Harriers," but offered him ^^2,000 p.a. and a deputy for the office. 
{^ex inform. J. H. Round). V.G. 

(d) "A gentleman of great interest in the Country and very zealous for its welfare; 
hath a fine estate and a very good understanding, with a grave deportment, is of a 
middle stature [and] fair complexion." (Macky's Characters). He was also a writer 
and a poet, as to which see Park's Royal and Noble Authon. 

(^) He acted with Pulteney in opposition to Walpole. V.G. 



36 



CARLISLE 



at Castle Howard. Her admon. 20 July 1749. He w., 2ndly, 8 June 
1 743, in Grosvenor Str., St. Geo., Han. Sq., Isabella,(*) da. of William 
(Byron), 4th Baron Byron of Rochdale, by his 3rd wife, Frances, da. of 
William Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley of Stratton. He d. at York, 
3 Sep. 1758, and was bur. at Castle Howard, aged 64. Will pr. 1759. His 
widow m., 10 Dec. 1759 (by spec, lie), at Whitehall, St. Margaret's, Westm., 
Sir William Musgrave, 6th Bart. [S. 1638], of Hayton Castle, Cumber- 
land, who d. s.p., 3 Jan. 1800, aged 63. She, who was b. 10 Nov. 1721, 
d. 22 Jan. 1795. 

[Charles Howard, styled Viscount Morpeth, ist s. and h. ap. by ist 
wife, bap. 22 May 1719, at St. James's, Westm. M.P. (Whig) for co. 
York, May 1741 till his death. He d. of consumption, unm., v.p.y 9 Aug. 
1 741, and was bur. at Castle Howard, aged 22.] 

[Robert Howard, styled Viscount Morpeth, 2nd but ist surv. s. and 
h. ap. by ist wife, b. 9 Feb., and bap. 4 Mar. 1725/6, at St. Anne's, Westm. 
He d. unm., v.p., 20 Oct. 1743, and was bur. at Castle Howard, aged 17.] 

VIII. 1758. 5. Frederick (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, £s?c., 

yst. but only surv. s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 28 May, 
and bap. 19 June 1748, at St. Anne's, Westm. Ed. at Eton, and 
at King's Coll. Cambridge. K.T. 23 Dec. 1767, being invested at 
Turin, 27 Feb. 1768; P.C. 13 June 1777; Treasurer of the Household, 
1777-79; Commissioner to treat with America, 1778; First Lord of Trade, 
1779-80; Lord Lieut, of Ireland, i78o-82;('') Lord Lieut, of the East 
Riding of Yorkshire, 1780-82 and 1 799-1 807; Lord Steward of the 
Household, 1782-83; Privy Seal, Apr. to Dec. 1783; nom. and inv. K.G. 
12 June 1793 (having previously resigned the Order of the Thistle),('') 
and inst. 29 May 1801. He m., 11 Mar. 1770, by spec, lie, at her father's 
house in Whitehall, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Margaret Caroline, yst. da. of 
Granville (Leveson-Gower), ist Marquess of Stafford, by his ist wife, 
Louisa, da. of Scrope (Egerton), Duke of Bridgwater. She, who was b. 
2 Nov. 1 753, d'. at Castle Howard, 27 Jan., and was /^«r. 5 Feb. 1824, at York 

(^) Lady M. Montagu writes, 1 8 Oct. 1 748, " I know the young Lady C, she 
is very agreeable, but if I am not mistaken in her inclinations, they are very gay." 
Ten years later (31 Oct. 1758) she writes, "[Lord Carlisle] was my friend as 
well as my acquaintance, and a man of uncommon probity and good nature. I think 
he has shewed it by the disposition of his will in the favour of a lady he had no reason 
to esteem." V.G. 

('') On his government of Ireland, Lecky remarks that he seems personally to have 
been much respected, and not to have relied for its success on wholesale corruption, 
as his predecessors had done. V.G. 

(■=) He was one of the 14 (ordinary) Knights of the Thistle who have been 
elected, also, to the Garter. See ante vol. i, p. 16, note " d," where, however, the 
Duke of Buccleuch (1897), and the Duke of Argyll (1911) are omitted. The latter 
retained the Thistle. 



CARLISLE 37 

Minster. He d. 4 Sep. 1825, at Castle Howard, and was bur. there, 
aged 77.0 Will pr. Nov. 1825. 

IX. 1825. 6. George (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, lyc, s. and 

h., b. in London, 17 Sep., and bap. 22 Oct. 1773, ^' ^t. 
James's, Westm. Ed. at Eton. He matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 19 Oct. 
1790, and was cr. M.A. 30 June 1792, and D.C.L. 18 June 1799. F.R.S. 
26 Feb. 1795. He was M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth, 1795-1806; for Cum- 
berland, 1806-1820; P.C. 6 Feb. 1806; Lord Lieut, of the East Riding of 
Yorkshire, 1824-40; Ch. Commiss. of Woods and Forests, May to July 
1827; Cabinet Minister and Lord Privy Seal, July 1827 to Jan. 1828, and 
again June to July 1834; Cabinet Minister (without office) 1830-34; K.G. 
17 Mar. 1837. Trustee of the Brit. Museum 1838-47. He w., 21 Mar. 
1 80 1, by spec, lie, at Devonshire House, Piccadilly, Georgiana Dorothy,('') 
1st da. of William (Cavendish) 5th Duke of Devonshire, by his istwife, 
Georgiana, da. of John (Spencer), Earl Spencer. He d. 7 Oct. 1848, 
aged 75, at Castle Howard, and was bur. in the Mausoleum there.('') Will 

(^) He appears in 1 7 73, "The E. of C. and Mad'. La M. . n," in the scandalous /i?/^-a- 
tke portraits in Town and Country; Mag.., vol. v, p. 6 5 , for an account of which see Appendix 
B in the last volume of this work. "A young man of fashion, fond of dress and gaming, 
by which he had greatly hurt his fortune; totally unacquainted with business, and though 
not void of ambition, had but moderate parts and less application." {Lait Journals oj 
Horace IFalpole, Feb. 1 778). In The Abbey ofKilkhampton (1780), p. 41, by Sir Herbert 
Croft, there is a see-saw account of him, balancing compliments and criticism; it may 
be gathered therefrom that he was a good man in private life, and a capable speaker, 
but vain and extravagant. As for his liking for those who cheated him, see some 
satirical verses in vol. i, Appendix H. " His Lordship is distinguished for his genius 
and acquirements, and is author of a volume of well-knovi^n poems." See Sir Egerton 
Brydges' note in Collins' Peerage, vol. iii, p. 509. His fame as a Poet and Play-writer 
rests however chiefly on the notice of him by his relative, and sometime ward, Lord 
Byron, in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers — 

" What heterogeneous honours deck the Peer! 

Lord, Rhymester, Petit-Mditre and Pamphleteer ! 

So dull in youth, so drivelling in his age. 

His scenes, alone, had damn'd our sinking stage; 

But Managers, for once, cried ' Hold, enough,' 

Nor drugg'd their audience with the tragic stuff; 

Yet at their judgment let his Lordship laugh, 

And case his Volumes with congenial Calf." 
As to his politics, he supported the Court during Lord North's Govt., of which 
he was a member. He was one of the leaders in the Coalition of 1783, and thence- 
forward, except between 1793 and i8oi, voted steadily with the Whigs. G.E.C. 
and V.G. 

i^) As a child, Madame d'Arblay says she had " a fine animated, sweet, and 
handsome countenance," and Lord Ronald Gower in his Reminiscences describes her 
charm and beauty of expression in old age. V.G. 

(■=) His portrait by Lawrence shows him as a man of refined type. He appears 
to have been possessed of fair abilities, though a poor speaker. In politics he steadily 
supported the Whigs, and was in private life an intimate friend of Canning. V.G. 



38 CARLISLE 

pr. Jan. 1850. His widow, who was b. 12 July 1783, and who (on 17 Jan. 
1858) became senior of the two coheirs of her br. William Spencer (Caven- 
dish), 6th Duke of Devonshire (and consequently a coh. to the Barony of 
Clifford), d. 8 Aug. 1858, at Castle Howard. Will pr. 15 June 1859, 
under ^30,000. 

X. 1848. 7. George William Frederick (Howard), Earl OF 

Carlisle, tfc, s. and h., b. 18 Apr. 1802, in Hill Str., 
Berkeley Sq., Midx.; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 15 Oct. 18 19, 
B.A. 1823, M.A. 1827; M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth, 1826-30; for York- 
shire, 1830-32; for the West Riding, 1832-41 and 1846-48; Chief Sec. for 
Ireland, 1835-41, with a seat in the Cabinet from 1839; P.C. [E.] 20 May, 
and [I.] 30 Sep. 1835; Chief Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 1846-50; 
F.R.S. 3 June 1847; Lord Lieut, of the East Riding, co. York, 1847 till 
his death; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1850-52; Pres. of the 
Royal Soc. of Literature, 1851-56. Lord Rector of Marischal Coll., 
Aberdeen, 1853-54; K.G. 7 Feb. 1855. Lord Lieut, of Ireland 28 Feb. 
1855 to 12 Mar. 1858, and again 18 June 1859 to Oct. i864.(*) He 
d. unm., at Castle Howard, 5, and was bur. 13 Dec. 1864, in the Mauso- 
leum there, aged 62.('') Will pr. 30 Mar. 1865, under ;^ 140,000. 

XL 1864. 8. William George (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, 

i^c, next surv. br. and h., b. 23 Feb. 1808, in Park Str., 
Grosvenor Sq. Ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 6 Nov. 1826; 
B.A. and double 3rd class, 1837. M.A. 1840; in holy orders; Rector of 
Londesborough, co. York, 1832 to 1877. A Liberal. He d. unm., 29 Apr. 
1889, aged 81. 

XII. 1889. 9. George James (Howard), Earl of Carlisle, Vis- 
count Howard of Morpeth and Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
LAND [1661], nephew and h., being only s. and h. of the Hon. Charles Went- 

(^) "The Viceregal Court at the time of Lord Carlisle was most stately and dig- 
nified. He was not an imposing person to look at, being small and thin, but he had 
a pleasant word and a kind smile for everyone, and he was extremely popular." [Memo'in 
of Fifty Yean., 1909, by Lady St. Helier, p. 60). V.G. 

C') Possessing a "high reputation as a graceful scholar, he was especially distin- 
guished for his skill in versification, and, in 182 1, obtained two of the Univ. prizes for 
his poems \i.el\ the Chancellor's prize for Latin verse, and the Newdegate [prize] for 
English verse " at Oxford, where, in 1823, he took a first class degree in classics. He 
was author (1853) oi A Diary in Turkish and Greek Waters. Although, perhaps, " he 
did not attain the highest eminence as a Statesman [he] yet played no inconsiderable 
part in public life," and, as Lord Lieut, of Ireland, his "career of popularity [was] almost 
without example among Viceroys." See Annual Reg. for 1864. "A most amiable 
and popular man, was happy in displaying his admirable social qualities by making 
the after-dinner speeches in which, thanks to his unique flow of heart-felt flummery, 
he was unrivalled, and by occasionally scoring at cricket." {Reminiscences, by Goldwin 
Smith, pp. 301-2). G.E.C. and V.G. 



CARLISLE 39 

worth George Howard, by Mary Priscilla Harriet, 2nd da. and coh. of James 
(Parke), Baron Wensleydale, which Charles (who d. 1 1 Apr. 1879, aged 
65) was next surv. br. of the late, and 5th s. of the 9th Earl. He was b. 
12 Aug. 1843, in Park Str., Grosvenor Sq.; ed. at Eton and at Trin. Coll. 
Cambridge; was M.P. (Liberal) for East Cumberland(*) 1879-85. Trustee 
of the Nat. Gallery 188 i, till his death. D.C.L. Durham 1908. He w., 
4 Oct. 1864, at Alderley, co. Chester, Rosalind Frances, 5th and yst. surv. 
da. of Edward John (Stanley), 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley, by 
Henrietta Maria, da. of Henry Augustus (Dillon-Lee), 13th Viscount 
Dillon of Costello Gallen [L]. He d. of heart failure, after a few 
hours' illness, at the house of his son-in-law, Charles H. Roberts, M.P., at 
Brackland, Hindhead, 16, and was bur. 20 Apr. 19 11, from Naworth 
Castle, at Lanercost Abbey, aged 67. Will pr. 15 June 19 11, personalty 
;^43,970. His widow, who was b. 20 Feb. 1845, •" Grosvenor Crescent, 
living 1912. 



[Charles James Stanley Howard, j/y/?^ (since 1889) Viscount Mor- 
peth, s. and h. ap., b. 8 Mar. 1867, at 122 Park Str.; ed. at Rugby and at 
Balliol Coll. Oxford; B.A. and ist class 1889; member of the London School 
Board for Chelsea 1 894-1 900, and for Westm. 1 900-02. Served in S. Africa 
1902. C") M.P. (Unionist) for South Birmingham 1904-11. He »;., 
17 Apr. 1894, at Muncaster, co. York, Rhoda Ankaret, ist da. of Col. 
Paget Walter L'Estrange, Royal Artillery, by his ist wife, Emily, da. of 
Gen. Ryves. Having sue. to the Peerage after 22 Jan. 1 901, he is, as such, 
outside the scope of this work. He d. after a long illness, in London, 
20, and was bur. 24 Jan. 1912, at Lanercost Abbey.('^) His widow, who 
was b. 28 May 1867, at Bundoran, co. Donegal, was living 1912.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 47,730 acres in Cumber- 
land, valued at ;^ 16,8 50 a year, 17,780 in Northumberland, at ;^ 18,249, 
and of 13,030 in the North Riding, co. York, at ;^ 14,502. Total 
78,540 acres, valued at ;/^49,6oi a year. Principal Residences. — Castle 
Howard, near Malton, co. York, and Naworth Castle, near Brampton, 
Cumberland. 

(^) He became a Unionist in 1886, but after that date took little interest in politics. 
He was a supporter of TariflF Reform and of the Temperance party. He had a warm 
interest in art, and was himself a good painter; was fond of travelling and shooting, 
and a keen antiquary. He left the management of his estates to his wife, who is an 
ardent Radical. V.G. 

1^) For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who have served in this war, see 
Appendix B to this volume. V.G. 

(') A very fair man, of a retiring disposition. He was strongly interested in the 
educational affairs of London, a keen Tariff Reformer, and a teetotaler. In 1 910 he 
was appointed Whip of the Liberal Unionist Party, in which post he was very 
popular. His only son and successor in the title, b. 1895, is a naval cadet. V.G. 



40 CARLOW 

CARLOW, formerly CATHERLOUGH (town of)^ 

(See under "Catherlough " for previous creations.) 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. William Henry Dawson, 2nd, but ist 
T /. surv. s. and h. of Ephraim Dawson, of Portar- 

' ' ' lington. Queen's County, many years M.P. for that 

CO. (who d. 27 Aug. 1746), by Anne, da. and 
h. of Samuel Preston, of Emo, in that co. M.P. for Portarlington 
1733-60; for Queen's County, 1761-68; for Portarlington (again) 1769-70; 
a Gov. of Queen's County from 1750. On 29 May 1770 he was cr. 
LORD DAWSON, BARON DAWSON OF DAWSON'S COURT, 
in the Queen's County [I.], and was cr., on 24 July 1776, VISCOUNT 
CARLOW, CO. Carlow [I.j-C") He w., 8 Dec. 1737, Mary, sister 
(whose issue became h.) of Joseph, ist Earl of Dorchester, ist da. of 
Joseph Damer, of Came, Dorset, by Mary, da. of John Churchill, 
of Henbury, in that co. She d. 2 June 1769, and was bur. in St. George's 
Chapel, Dublin. He d. 22 Aug. 1779, in his 67th year, and was bur. at 
New Church, in Coolbanagher, Queen's County. Will pr. 1779. 

II. 1779- 2. John (Dawson), Viscount Carlow, i£z. [I.], s. 

and h. On 21 June 1785, he was cr. EARL OF 
PORTARLINGTON in the Queen's County [I.]. See "Portarling- 
ton," Earldom of [I.], ^r. 1785. 

CARLTON see also CARLETON 

i.e. " Viscount Carlton, of Carlton in the West Riding of the co. 
of York" (Stuart-fVortley), cr. 1876 with the Earldom of Wharncliffe, 
which see. 

CARLYLE OF TORTHORV^ ALD, or TOR- 

THORRELL 

BARONY [S.] I. Sir John Carlyle, s. and h. of WiUiam C, of 

Torthorwald, co. Dumfries (who attended Margaret of 

I- 1473 Scotland into France on her marriage, 1436, with Louis 

or the Dauphin, afterwards Louis XI, and d. between 1452 

1474. and Nov. 1463), by Elizabeth Kirkpatrick (probably 

da. of Sir Duncan Kirkpatrick, by Isabel his wife), having 

been instrumental in suppressing the rebellion of the Douglas family in 



(") A King's Letter of 8 Feb. 1626/7 ordered that Lord Brabazon of Ardee should 
be cr. Earl of Carlow. This was superseded by another letter of 10 Mar. following 
creating him Earl of Meath. V.G. 

( ) He was cr. a Baron on the recommendation of Lord Townshend, and a 
Viscount on that of Lord Harcourt. For the profuse creations and promotions in the 
Irish peerage see Appendix H to this volume. V.G. 



CARLYLE 41 

1485, was rewarded with large grants of land, and, between Oct. 1473 and 
July i474,was cr. LORD CARLYLE OF TORTHORWALD [S.J-C) He 
was Ch. Justice [S.], south of the Forth, and, in 1477 was on an Embassy 
to France. He was, when very young, contracted to, and may have m., 
Elizabeth, da. of Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick, of Closebourn. He certainly 
m., before 1476, Janet, who was living 1484. He m., lastly, before 4 Feb. 
1492/3, Margaret, widow of Herbert Maxwell, of Monreith, da. of 
( — ) Douglas. He was living 12 Jan. 1 500/1, but d. probably before 
3 Mar., and certainly before 23 July 1501. Will dat. 12 Nov. 1500. His 
widow was living 22 Dec. 1509. 

[John Carlyle, Master of Carlyle, ist s. and h. ap., by Janet afsd. 
He m. ( — ), and d. v.p.^ before Oct. 1477.] 

II. 1501. 2. William (Carlyle), Lord Carlyle of ToRTHOR- 

wald[S.], grandson and h., beings, and h. of John Carlyle, 
Master of Carlyle, abovenamed. He was knighted 29 Jan. 1487/8. 
He had a charter of the Barony of Carlyle, on his grandfather's resignation, 
12 Jan. 1 500/ 1, and had seizin of certain of his lands 1 1 May 1503. He 
m.^ before 12 July 1487, Janet, ist da. of John Maxwell, Master of 
Maxwell, by Janet, da. of George (Crichton), Earl of Caithness. 
He d. between 22 Feb. 1523/4 and 28 May 1525. 

III. 1524 3. James (Carlyle), Lord Carlyle of Torthorwald 

or [S.], s. and h. He had sasine 28 May 1525. He m. 

iS'^S- Janet, da. of Sir James Scrimgeour, of Dudhope, Con- 

stable of Dundee. He 12'. 5./>., shortly before 15 Jan. 1525/6. 
His widow was living Nov. 1546. 

IV. 1525 4. Michael (Carlyle), Lord Carlyle of To RTHOR- 

or WALD [S.], br. and h. He was one of the association on 

1526. behalf of Queen Mary [S.] 8 May 1568, at Hamilton. 

His eldest s. having d. s.p.m., he alienated, 24 Mar. 

1573/4, the Barony of Carlyle, (s'c, in favour of his 2nd s. Michael 

Carlyle. C') He m., istly, Janet Charteris. He m., 2ndly, Mariot Max- 

(^) He is designated " Lord Carlile " in the Crown accounts of Galloway, July 
1474, and in Nov. 1475 he sits in Part, as such. See "Acts of Pari." [S.], vol. ii, 
p. 108, overlooked (apparently) in Hewlett, p. 34, where the date of his so sitting is 
given as I July 1476. 

C") On 4 Mar. 1 580/1 the charter (made "per quondam consanguineum nostrum, 
yc") was confirmed under the great seal to the said Michael, his heirs male " et 
assignatis hereditarie de totis et integris terris Baroniae de Carlyle, cum castro et 
fortalicio de Torthorwald, ^c." This settlement, however, after long litigation, 
appears to have been set aside, and the Barony of Carlyle was found to belong to 
Elizabeth, the heir general. In 1730 William Carlyle of Lochartur was served h. to 
Michael, 4th Lord Carlyle, as s. and h. of Robert C. of L., who was s. and h. of 
William C. of L., who was s. and h. of Michael C, 2nd s. and h. male of Michael, 
Lord Carlyle. The Peerage appears never to have been assumed or claimed by any 
of the above as heirs male of the grantee. 

6 



42 CARLYLE 

WELL. He d. June 1575, being, apparently, slain by English marauders. 
Will pr. Edinburgh, 27 Jan. 1577/8. His widow was living Jan. 1608/9. 

[William Carlyle, Master of Carlyle, s. and h. ap. He m. 
(cont. dat. i Aug. 1551) Janet, da. of James Johnston, the yr., of that ilk. 
He d. v.p.y ^Sl"^- -H'^ widow m., as his 2nd wife, Alexander (Abernethy), 
6th Lord Saltoun, who d. Apr. 1587, and jrdly, between 1587 and 1589, 
William Kerr (br. of Mark, ist Earl of Lothian). She d. 1608.] 

V. 1575- 5- Elizabeth, apparently, de jure ^ suo jure Baroness 

Carlyle of Torthorwald [S.], granddaughter and h., 
being only child of William Carlyle, Master of Carlyle, by Janet, 
his wife abovenamed. She ot., before 1 1 Aug. 1587, Sir James Douglas,(^) 
of Parkhead, who, having killed in 1596 James Stewart, sometime Earl of 
Arran [S.], was himself assassinated in High Street, Edinburgh, 1 4 July 
1608, by Capt. William Stewart, the Earl's nephew. Sir James was cited 
by the Privy Council for the purposes of the Decreet of Ranking 6 Mar. 
1605/6, as James, Lord Carlyle, presumably _;«r^ uxoris, and was placed 
between the Lord Cathcart [cr. 1447] and the Lord Sanquhar \_cr. 1485]. 
He is styled Lord Torthorwald in a crown charter of that year, as also in 
all references to his death. His widow m., between 161 3 and Mar. 161 5, 
William Sinclair, of Blans, in East Lothian. In June 1624 she was 
under arrest, probably for debt, and was apparently still living 8 May 
1642. 

VL 1608 6. James (Douglas), Lord Carlyle OF Torthorwald 

to [S.], s. and h. Immediately after his father's death he 

1 638 .'' was recognised as Lord Torthorwald. On 6 Apr. 1 609, he 

received a charter uniting the Barony of Carlyle, tfc, with the Lordship of 
Torthorwald. ('') He sat as a Baron, in the Pari, of 1612, in his mother's 
lifetime. He m., istly, before 27 Dec. 1604, Elizabeth, da. of Sir John 
Gordon, of Lochinvar, by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth, da. of John (Maxwell), 
Lord Herries [S.]. In 161 5 he was suing for divorce against her owing 
to her adultery with William Bannatyne. He m., 2ndly, Nov. 161 8, at the 
parish church, Ludgate Hill, Ann Saltonstall. On 8 Aug. 1622 she 
divorced him for adultery. In 1638 he (according to Crawford), or 
(according to others) William Douglas,('') his s. and h. by ist wife, 
resigned the Peerage to William (Douglas), ist Earl of Queensberry [S.], 

{'■) In the public register is a charter to George Douglas, next br. of this Sir James, 
dat. Feb. 1593/4, of the Barony of Carlyle, {s^'c, in co. Dumfries and Lanark, which 
he had probably acquired from his said brother. 

C") See Douglas, vol. ii, p. 676. This is sometimes (though erroneously) considered 
as a new creation of the Peerage dignity of " Carlyle of Torthorwald." 

{^) This William Douglas is said to have d. s.p. abroad. His yr. br. (of the half 
blood), James Douglas, bap., 2 Jan. 1621, at Edinburgh, probably d. young and unm. 



CARLYLE 43 

who had already (8 Jan. 1622) purchased his estate of Torthorwald. 
Except for Crawford's statement, there is no record known of him as living 
after 1622. 

CARMARTHEN (county of) 

MARQUESSATE. i. Thomas (Osborne), Earl of Danby, was, 

T .5, on 9 Apr. 1689, cr. MARQUESS OF CAR- 

^^^- MARTHEN. On 4 May 1694 he was cr. DUKE 

OF LEEDS. See "Leeds," Dukedom of, cr. 1694. 



CARMICHAEL, and CARMICHAEL OF 
CARMICHAEL 

BARONY [S.] I. James Carmichael, only s. and h. of Walter C, 
J f- of Westraw and Hyndford, co. Lanark (who d. 25 Sep. 

^'' 1625), by Grizel, da. of Sir John Carmichael, of Medow- 

flat, in Cowanton, was I?. 1579. Having been Cupbearer, 
Carver, and Chamberlain to James I, he was, by Charles I, cr. a Baronet [S.] 
17 July 1627, as "of Westraw," though the patent was not sealed till 
4 Dec. 1632. He sue. his distant cousin. Sir John Carmichael, of Carmichael 
(who was living 12 Feb. 1 630/1), and had a charter thereof 3 Mar. 1633/4. 
Knighted 2 July 1632. Sheriff of Lanarkshire 1632; Lord Justice Clerk 
1634-36, and again 1649; Treasurer Depute [S.] 1636; a Lord of Session 
1639-49; P.C. [S.] for life (by Pari.) 1641. He was one of the "engagers" 
for the rescue of Charles I. Having been of service to the King, he was, on 
27 Dec. 1647, cr. LORD CARMICHAEL [S.] "to him and his heirs 
male whatever."(*) He did not assume the title till the patent had been 
ratified by further letters patent 3 Jan. 165 1, with the same precedency. (^) 
He was dismissed from his offices by Cromwell, and fined ^^2,000 by the 
Act of Grace, 1654. He m., i Nov. 1603, Agnes, da. of William Wilkie, 
of Foulden, co. Berwick. He d. 29 Nov. 1672, in his 94th year. 

[William Carmichael, Master of Carmichael, s. and h. He 
served in his youth as one of the Gens d'Armes of Louis XIII of France; 
was one of the Committee of Pari., 1644 and 1645, for whom he com- 
manded the Clydesdale regiment at the battle of Philiphaugh, in 1646, 
against the Duke of Montrose. He m. (cont. dat. 23 Mar. 1635) Grizel, 
da. of William (Douglas), ist Marquess of Douglas [S.], by his ist wife, 
Margaret, da. of Claude (Hamilton), Lord Paisley [S.]. He d. v.p., 
Aug. 1657.] 

(") The patent is not enrolled, but is quoted in Douglas, vol. ii, p. 686, from the 
original in the possession of the then Earl of Hyndford. It is there, however, added 
that the patent of 27 Dec. 1647, "according to the list of creations in the Lovat 
case" was to the "heirs male of the body." 



44 CARMICHAEL 

II. 1672. 2. John (Carmichael), Lord Carmichael [S.], grand- 

son and h., being only s. and h. of William Carmichael, 
Master of Carmichael, by Grizel, his wife. He was b. 28 Feb. 1638. 
On 25 June 1701, he was cr. EARL OF HYNDFORD, VISCOUNT 
OF INGLISBERRY AND NEMPHLAR and LORD CARMICHAEL 
OF CARMICHAEL [S.], "to him and his heirs male and of tailzee, tfc." 
See "Hyndford," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1701, dormant i8i7.(^) 

CARNARVON (county of ) 

EARLDOM. I. Robert Dormer, only s. and h. of Sir William D., 

byAlice(w. 21 Feb. i6o9/io),da. of Sir Richard Molyneux, 
I. 1628. 1st Bart., of Sefton, co. Lancaster, which Sir William was 

1st s. and h. ap. of Robert, ist Baron Dormer of Wyng, 
but d. v.p., being bur. 22 Oct. 161 6, at Wing. On 8 Nov. 1616, he sue. 
his grandfather abovenamed as Baron Dormer of Wyng, as also in his 
hereditary office of Chief Avenor and Keeper of the King's Hawks and 
Falcons, i^c, being then aged about 6 years. Ed. at Eton 1621-24; metric, 
at Oxford (Exeter College) 30 Apr. 1624, M.A. 25 May 1627. On 2 Aug. 
1628, being still under age, he was cr. VISCOUNT ASCOTT, co. Bucks, 
and EARL OF CARNARVON. Lord Lieut, of Bucks 1641. Knighted 
by the King, at York, 18 Apr. 1642; D.C.L. Oxford, i Nov. 1642. He 
was a zealous Loyalist, being one of those who subscribed the King's 
declaration in 1642, in which year also he commanded a regt. of Horse. 
He fought at the battle of Roundwaydown, 13 July 1643, but was slain a 
few months afterwards at the first battle of Newbury, after having routed 
the enemy.('') He m., 27 Feb. 1625, Anna Sophia, ist da. of Philip 
(Herbert), 4th Earl of Pembroke, by his ist wife, Susan, da. of Edward 
(Verb), Earl of Oxford. He d., as above mentioned, 20 Sep. 1643, aged 
about T,T„ and was bur. at Jesus Coll. Oxford, but removed 3 Aug. 1650 
to Wing. Will pr. 1643. His widow d. shortly before 7 Feb. 1694/5, 
at a great age. 

(') The Barony of Carmichael, cr. 1647 ^n*! ratified 1651, "was not at any time 
resigned. Whatever construction be put upon the grant of the Earldom, the heir male 
is certainly entitled to the dignity of Lord Carmichael under the letters patent of 
1 65 1." See Hewlett, p. 48. 

('') The arms of Dormer are azure, ten golden billets, on a chief or a lion 
rampant sable. V.G. 

{^) Lord Clarendon says of him that though "before the war he seemed to be 
wholly delighted with hunting, hawking, and the like, after the troubles began he 
wholly gave himself up to the office and duty of a soldier, no man more diligently 
obliging or more dextrously commanding, for he was not only of a very keen courage, 
but an excellent discerner and pursuer of advantage upon his enemy. He had a mind 
and understanding very present in the article of danger; was a great lover of justice and 
practised it then most deliberately when he had power to do wrong. By his death 
the King found a sensible weakness in his army." See vol. ii. Appendix A, for the 
Loyalists' Bloody Roll, in which he is included. 



CARNARVON 



45 



11- 1643 2. Charles (Dormer), Earl of Carnarvon [1628], 

to Viscount Ascott [1628] and Baron Dormer of Wyng 

1709. [16 1 5], also a Baronet [16 15], Hereditary Chief Avenor 

and Keeper of the King's Hawks,(^) (ffc, only s. and h., L 
25 Oct., and kip. 26 Nov. 1632, at St. Benet's, Paul's Wharf, London. 
M.A. Oxford 12 Apr. 1648. He was a Tory in politics. He ;«., istly, 
in or before 1653, Elizabeth, da. of Arthur (Capell), ist Baron Capell 
OF Hadham, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Charles Morrison, Bart. She, 
who was l>tjp. 4 June 1 633, at Hadham Parva, d. 30 July, and was htr. 6 Aug. 
1678, at Wing, Bucks. He «;., 2ndly, Mary, da. of Montagu (Bertie), 
2nd Earl of Lindsey, by his 2nd wife, Bridget, suo jure Baroness Norreys 
OF Rycote. She, who was b. and bcjp. i Sep. 1655, at Campden House, 
Kensington, Midx., d. s.p., at Lindsay House, Westm., 30 June, and was 
bur. 6 July 1709, at Wing. Will dat. 22 Oct. 1707, pr. 8 July 1709. 
He d. s.p.m.s.,(^) a few months later, aged 77, at Ascott House, 29 Nov., 
and was bur. 1 8 Dec. 1 709, at Wing afsd., when the Earldom and Viscountcy 
[cr. 1628] became extinct, but the Barony [cr. 16 15] devolved on his cousin 
and h. male. Will dat. 30 July 1709. See "Dormer," Barony, cr. 1615. 

[Charles Dormer, styled Viscount Ascott, ist s. and h. ap., by ist 
wife, bap. 25 June 1652, at Wing.('=) Matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 22 Apr. 
1664, being then aged 1 1. He was cr. M.A. (being then of Merton College) 
8 Sep. 1665. He d. v.p., a minor and unm.] 



EARLDOM, 
in. 1714. 

MARQUESSATE. 
L 1719. 

OF CARNARVON 

9 Aug. 1744. 



I . James (Brydges), Baron Chandos 
OF Sudeley Castle, having sue. his father, 
16 Oct. 1 7 14, in that dignity, was, a few 
days afterwards, 19 Oct. 17 14, cr. 
VISCOUNT WILTON, co. Hereford, 
and EARL OF CARNARVON-C^) On 
29 Apr. 1 719, he was cr. MARQUESS 
and DUKE OF CHANDOS. He d 





see " 
Duke 



c 


5 

;5" 


P-O 


pi 


*-* 




-1 


1^ 





--J 


-. y 


c 


CO 


^ : 


p 



if) It is pointed out by J. H. Round that this office was not really hereditary, 
but was claimed in virtue of the manor of Timer, Bucks, which had been purchased by 
the Dormers. At the coronation of James II this Earl claimed to be " Marshal, Sur- 
veyor, and Conservator of the King's hawks," but the claim was not allowed. See 
Round's The King's Serjeants, p. 309. V.G. 

(^) Of his two surv. daughters and coheirs (i) Elizabeth, ;;/. Philip (Stanhope), 2nd 
Earl of Chesterfield, and was grandmother of Philip Dormer, the celebrated Earl; 
and (2) Isabella, m. Charles (Coote), 3rd Earl of Mountrath [I.], and was ancestress 
of the succeeding Earls. 

(^) Two yr. brs. of the whole blood, William, b. 25, and bap. 30 Sep. 1666, at 
St. Paul's, Covent Garden, was bur. 10 Apr. 1668, at Wing, and Robert, b. 14, and 
bap. 22 Jan. 1667/8 there, was bur. 3 Mar. 1668/9, at Wing. 

(<^) This was one of the 14 peerages cr. at the Coronation of George I, for a list of 
which see vol. ii. Appendix F. 



46 

MARQUESSATE. 
II. 

EARLDOM. 
IV. 

MARQUESSATE. 
III. 

EARLDOM. 
V. 

extinct. 



CARNARVON 

2. Henry (Brydges), Duke of ^ 
Chandos, Marquess of Carnar- 
1744. VON, Earl of Carnarvon, iSc, 
only surv. s. and h. male. He d. 
28 Nov. 1 77 1. 



1771 

to 

1789. 



3. James (Brydges), Duke of 
Chandos [17 19], Marquess of 
Carnarvon [1719], Earl of Car- 
narvon [1714], and Baron Chan- 
dos of SuDELEY Castle [1554], only 
s. and h. He d. s.p.m., 29 Sep. 
1789, when all his honours became 



^j 



j: J" fT 

00 3 -, 

so D w 

O iS 



EARLDOM. I. Henry Herbert, s. and h. of Major Gen. the 

Hon. William Herbert (5th s. of Thomas, 8th Earl of 

VI. 1793. Pembroke), by Catherine Elizabeth, da. of ( — ) Tewes, 

of Aix la Chapelle. He was b. 20, and bap. 24 Aug. 
1741, at Islington, as "Henry Broune"; sue. his father 31 Mar. 1757 in 
the estate of High Clere, Hants. Matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 9 IVIay 
1 76o,(*) and subsequently at Cambridge (Magd. Coll.) ; cr. LL.D. Cambridge 
3 July 1769. He was M.P. (Tory) for Wilton i768-8o.('') On 17 Oct. 
1780, he was cr. BARON PORCHESTER OF HIGH CLERE, co. 
Southampton. Thirteen years afterwards, he was, on 3 July 1793, cr. 
EARL OF THE TOWN AND COUNTY OF CARNARVON. 
Col. in the army during service 1794; Master of the Horse 1806-07; P-C 
12 Feb. 1806. He m., 15 July 1771, at her father's house in Piccadilly, 
St. Geo., Han. Sq., Elizabeth Alicia Maria, ist da. of Charles (Wyndham), 
1st Earl of Egremont, by Alicia Maria, da. of George (Carpenter), 2nd 
Baron Carpenter of Killaghy [I.]. He ^. 3 June 181 1, in Tenterden Str., 
aged 69. Will pr. 181 1. His widow, who was b. 29 Nov. 1752, in the 
parish of St. Margaret's, Westm., d. 10 Feb. 1826, at Petworth. WiU pr. 
Mar. 1826. 

VII. 181 1. 2. Henry George (Herbert), Earl of Carnarvon, 

<yc., s. and h., b. in Hill Str., 3, and bap. 22 June 1772, 
at St. Geo., Han. Sq.; was M.P. (Whig) for Cricklade (as Lord Por- 
chester) 1794-18 1 1 ;(■=) High Steward of Newbury; F.S.A. 9 June 18 14. 

(^) As " Comitis de Pembroke, viti functi, nepos nat. max," a somewhat mislead- 
ing description, inasmuch as that Earl was not represented by this his eldest '■'■nepos" 
[which here means "nephew"] but by his son, the lOth Earl. 

(^) While in the Commons he steadily supported Lord North, but after the 
Coalition appears to have drifted into the Whig camp. He opposed Pitt's Govt., 
and took office under Fox in 1806. V.G. 

if) On the introduction of the Reform Bill he went over to the Tories and 
strongly opposed that measure. In 1805 he had been one of the 24 managers of the 
impeachment of Lord Melville. V.G. 



CARNARVON 47 

He OT., 25 Apr. 1796, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Elizabeth Kitty, sister and h. 
of Sir John Acland, 8th Bart., being only da. of John Dyke Acland of 
Pixton, Somerset, by Christian Harriet Caroline, da. of Stephen (Fox- 
Strangways), 1st Earl of Ilchester. She, who was b. 13 Dec. 1772 
and who brought the estate of Pixton, Somerset, to this family, d. 5 Mar. 
1813, at Shooters Hill. Willpr.1813. He^. 16 Apr. 1833, in Grosvenor 
Sq., and was bur. at Burghclere, Hants, aged 60. Will pr. July 1833. 

VIII. 1833. 3. Henry John George (Herbert), Earl OF Car- 

narvon, iQfc., s. and h., b. 8 June 1800, in Grosvenor 
Sq.; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) (as Lord Porchester) 
22 Oct. 1 8 17. M.P. (Tory) for Wootton Bassett, 1831-32; High 
Steward of Newbury; F.R.S. 27 May 1841. He »/., 4 Aug. 1830, at 
Aldingbourne, Sussex, Henrietta Anne, ist da. of Lord Henry Thomas 
Howard-Molyneux-Howard (br. of Bernard Edward, 12th Duke of 
Norfolk.), by Elizabeth, da. of Edward Long, Ch. Judge of the Vice 
Admiralty Court at Jamaica. He d. 10 Dec. 1849, at Pusey, Berks, 
aged 49. (^) Will pr. Feb. 1850. His widow, who was h. 17 July 1804, 
</. 26 May 1876, at Pixton Park. Will pr. 7 July 1876, under ;^ 10,000. 

IX. 1849. 4. Henry Howard Molyneux (Herbert), Earl of 

Carnarvon, ist s.and h.,^. 24 June 1 831, in Grosvenor Sq. 
Ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) (as Lord Porchester) 17 Oct. 
1 849 ; first class in classics, B. A. 1852; Constable of Carnarvon Castle, 1854; 
Under Sec. of State for the Colonies, 1858-59; High Steward of the Univ. 
of Oxford, 16 Apr. 1859 till his death; D.C.L. Oxford (by diploma), 10 June 
1859; LL.D. Cambridge, 3 June 1864; Secretary of State for the Colonies 
(Conservative)July i866toMar. i867('')andFeb. 18 74 to Feb. 1878; P.C. 
6 July 1866; Dep. Grand Master of Freemasons 1870-74, and Pro Grand 
Master 1874 till his death. F.R.S. 8 Apr. 1875; F.S.A. 6 Apr. 1876, 
and President of that Society 1878-85. High Steward of Newbury, 1884; 
P.C. [I.] 1885. Lord Lieut, of Ireland, June 1885 to Jan. 1886; Lord 
Lieut, of Hants 1887-90. He ;«., istly, 5 Sep. 1861, at Westm. Abbey, 
Evelyn,('') da. of George (Stanhope), 6th Earl of Chesterfield, by Anne 
Elizabeth, da. of Cecil Weld (Weld-Forester), ist Baron Forester of 

(^) Sir Walter Scott described him as " A young man who lies on the carpet and 
looks poetical and dandyish . . . fine lad too." "An intelligent man, but a great alarmist 
and very desponding; he thinks we are going on step by step to an utter subversion of 
all interests and institutions." {Greville Memoirs, vol. iii, p. II 6). He spent large 
sums on the restoration of Highclere. V.G. 

C') He voted in 1869, as did Salisbury and other Tories, for the disestablishment 
of the Irish Church. V.G. 

{^) "Amiable, clever, accomplished, and kind, with a charm of voice and 
manner peculiar to herself, she was the most perfect hostess, and in her time no place 
was more delightful to stay at than Highclere." (Lord Ronald Gower's Reminiscences). 
V.G. 



48 CARNARVON 

WiLLEY. She, who was b. 3 Nov. 1834, at Chesterfield House, was sister 
and sole h.(^) of the 7th Earl of Chesterfield, who d. unm. i Dec. 1871, 
aged 40. She d. of puerperal fever, 25 Jan. 1875, at 16 Bruton Str., Midx., 
and was bur. in the cemetery at Highclere.('') He m., 2ndly, 26 Dec. 1878, 
at Greystoke Church, Cumberland, his cousin, Elizabeth Catherine, ist da. 
of Henry Howard, of Greystoke Castle (s. and h. of his maternal grand- 
father, Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard abovenamed), 
by Charlotte Caroline Georgina, da. of Henry Hawes Long, of Hampton 
Lodge, Surrey. He d. 28 June 1890, at 43 Portman Sq., aged 59, and was 
bur. at Highclere.('=) Will pr. at ;^3 13,259 gross and £,2j^^,^i() net. His 
widow, who was b.i() Mar. 1858, at Greystoke Castle, was living 1912. 

X. 1890. 5. George Edward Stanhope MoLYNEux (Herbert), 

Earl of Carnarvon [1793] and Baron Porchester of 
HiGHCLERE [1780], 1st s. and h., being only s. by ist wife; b. 26 June 
1866, at 66 Grosvenor Str.; styled Lord Porchester till 1890; ed. at 
Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge. High Steward of Newbury. A Conserva- 
tive. He m., 26 June 1895, at St. Margaret's, Westm., Almina Victoria 
Maria Alexandra, only da. of Frederick Charles Wombwell, by Marie, 
formerly Mdlle. Marie Boyer. 

[Henry George Alfred Marius Victor Francis Herbert, s. and h. 
ap., b. 7 Nov., and bap. 17 Dec. 1898, at the Chapel Royal, St. James's 
Palace.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 12,800 acres in Somerset 
(valued at C^,()^^ a year); 9,340 in Hants (;/^6,50o); 8 in Wilts (;^96); 
68 in Devon (^^36); 13,247 in Notts {£22,-fi2^) and 120 in co. Derby 
(;/^ioo), of which the last two (in value considerably more than half of the 
whole) were the ancient inheritance of the Stanhope family. Total 35,583 
acres, valued at ^37,211 a year. Principal Residences. — Highclere Castle 
(near Newbury), Hants, and Pixton Park, West Somerset. 

(^) As to her inheritance of Bretby Hall and other Stanhope estates, see note sub 
George, Earl of Chesterfield [1866]. V.G. 

C>) " Had everythins;, beauty, talent, charm and goodness." (Lady Waterford, 
5 Feb. 1875). V.G. 

{f) "Very cultivated and refined, he has a manner which is too mincing to inspire 
confidence ... he wants both grip and grit" {Society in London, 1885, p. 218). "Of 
broad sympathies, liberal mind and warm imagination " {Life of Lord Randolph 
CImrchill). " His literary ability was remarkable. He was a fine scholar, and 
possessed a really astonishing fund of information on every subject . . . His deep affec- 
tion for his wife, and her devotion to him, combined with the complete sympathy of 
their tastes and occupations, made them ... an ideal couple, and in his own house and 
among his own people, no one was ever more beloved. He was too chivalrous a man 
for the hurly-burly of public life." {Memories of Fifty Tears, by Lady St. Helier, 
1909, p. 265). 



CARNWATH 49 

CARNEGY OF KINNAIRD and 
CARNEGY OF KINNAIRD AND LEUCHARS 

BARONY [S.] I. Sir David Carnegy, of Kinnaird, was, on 14 Apr. 

J jg^g 16 16, fr. LORD CARNEGY OF KINNAIRD [S.] to 

him and his heirs male bearing the name and arms of 
I. 1633. Carnegy.(^) On 22 June 1633 he was cr. EARL OF 

SOUTHESK, LORD CARNEGY OF KINNAIRD 
AND LEUCHARS [S.] to him and his heirs male for ever. See "South- 
ESK," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1633. 

CARNWATH 

EARLDOM [S.] i. Robert, Master of Dalzell, s. and h. of 

Robert, Lord Dalzell [S.], so cr. 18 Sep. 1628, 
L 1639. by Margaret, da. of Sir Robert Crichton, of Cluny, 

had,in i634and 163 5, charters ofthe Barony of Carnwath. 
He sue. his father in the Barony between July 1635 ^""^ J^^^V 1636. On 
21 Apr. 1639 he was cr. EARL OF CARNWATH [S.], with limitation 
to him and his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Dalzell. C') He 
was accused in June 1 643 by the Scottish Convention of betraying the designs 
of the Scots to the King, and they, on his retiring to England, fined him 
;^ 10,000 Scots. On 25 Feb. 1645, he was ^^ forfeit" sentenced to death, &?c., 
the act providing "that his only lawful son, Gavin, Lord Dalzell, shall enjoy 
not only all the estates but the title of Earl as if his father were dead."(°) 
He fought at the battle of Naseby, 14 June 1645, the loss of which is 
attributed, by Lord Clarendon, to his hindering the King from charging the 
enemy at the head of his Guards. He was taken prisoner at the battle of 
Worcester, 3 Sep. 1651, and committed to the Tower, whence on 25 June 
1652, he was allowed to go to Epsom to drink the waters. He m., istly, 
Christian, 3rd da. of Sir William Douglas, of Hawick, by Margaret (tocher 
20,000 marks), da. of James Gordon, of Lochinvar. He w., 2ndly, 
Katherine, da. of John Abington, of Dowdeswell, co. Gloucester. He was 
bur. 21 June 1654, at St. Margaret's, Westm. Admon. 30 Oct. 1660 to 

(f) Being erected " in Baronem moyarfOT et Dominum Parliamenti," a peculiar and 
probably unique form, marking, very clearly, the distinction between the Greater and 
the Lesser Barons of Scotland. 

C') The proof that it was he (and not his father, as has hitherto been stated in 
all previous accounts, including the recent Scots Peerage) who was created Earl, has 
been kindly furnished to the Editor by J. Maitland Thomson, LL.D. The person 
who was Master of Dalzell 1 1 July 1 635 (Reg. Mag. Sig.) was Lord Dalzell at the date 
of his son's marriage contract, 21 July 1637 (Reg. of Deeds, 526, 69); and the first 
Lord Dalzell was dead July 1636 (Lanark Sas., Upper Ward, III, 342). "It there- 
fore follows as the night the day " that it was Robert the son who was created Earl 
of Carnwath 21 Apr. 1639. V.G. 

i^) See note by the late R. R. Stodart in Foster's Coll. Gen., p. 52, and see also an 
article by the late Col. Chester at p. 31 of the same work. 

7 



50 CARNWATH 

his widow. She m. (mar. lie. at Fac. off.), 30 Dec. 1 661, at St. Martin's- 
in-the-Fields, William Watkins, of Westminster, aged about 60, a widower, 
she being aged 24. He appears to have d. before June 1662, when an 
admon. (not now existing) occurs of a person of that name. She »/., 3rdly, 
as his 2nd wife (mar. lie. 13 Feb. 1662/3, ^'^^- Gen.), Samuel Collins, of 
London, Doctor of Physic, then aged about 40. He, who entered and 
signed his pedigree at the Visit, of London, 1665, d. 11, and was bur. 
19 Apr. 1 7 10, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. The Countess Dowager of 
Carnwath was bur. (as such) 12 Aug. 17 12, at St. Martin's afsd. Will dat. 
15 May 1710, pr. 9 Aug. 1712. 

IL 1654. 2. Gavin (Dalzell), Earl of Carnwath, iic. [S.], 

s. and h. by ist wife, who, as early as 1646, was, in con- 
sequence of the act of Pari, above referred to, styled v.p. Earl of Carnwath. 
He fought on the King's side, Sep. 1 651, at the battle of Worcester, where 
he was taken prisoner and detained for many years. He »;., istly (cont. dat. 
21 July 1637), Margaret, ist da. and coh. of David Carnegy, styled 'Lokh 
Carnegy (s. and h. ap. of David, ist Earl of Southesk [S.]), by Margaret, 
da. of Thomas (Hamilton), ist Earl of Haddington [S.]. She was 
living as his wife 4 July 1648. He w., 2ndly, before 14 Dec. 1663, Mary, 
1st da. of Alexander Erskine, styled Viscount Fentoun (s. and h. ap. of 
Thomas, ist Earl of Kellie [S.]), by Anne, da. of Alexander (Seton), ist 
Earl of Dunfermline [S.]. By her he had no issue. He d. June 1 674.(*) 
Fun. entry in Lyon office. Will pr. 13 May 1675. 

IIL 1674. 3. James (Dalzell), Earl of Carnwath, i^c. [S.], 

s. and h. by ist wife, b. before 4 July 1648, served h. to 
his father, 30 May 1676. Ed. at Glasgow Univ. 1659. He sold the estate 
of Carnwath to Sir George Lockhart in 1682. He m., 10 Dec. 1676, Mary, 
6th and yst. da. of George (Seton), 3rd Earl of Wintoun [S.], by his 2nd 
wife, Elizabeth, da. of John (Maxwell), Lord Herries [S.]. He d. s.p.m. 
i683.('') His widow d. 15, and was bur. 19 Jan. 1697/8, at Holyrood 
Chapel. Fun. entry in Lyon office. 

IV. 1683. 4. John (Dalzell), Earl of Carnwath, i^c. [S.], 

br. of the whole blood and h. male. Ed. at Glasgow Univ. 
1659. Served h. to his br. 13 Nov. 1688. He d. unm., 7 June 1702. (') 
Fun. entry in Lyon office. 

(^) Scots Peerage says Nov. or Dec. 1673. 

('') Scots Peerage in error quotes his will as showing that he died in 1688, but in 
the Great Seal charter of Carnwath, dated 15 Feb. 1683/4, ratifying a disposition of 
Earl James of 15 Jan. 1681/2, he is described as "quondam," and therefore must 
have died between those two dates. The date of 1683 comes from Crawfurd, who 
quotes "Records of the Abbey Church of Holyrood." [ex inform. J. Maitland Thom- 
son). V.G. 

(■=) "A nobleman of good learning and well known in the science of Heraldry." 



1702 

to 

I7I6. 


[1716 to 
1 737-] 



CARNWATH 51 

V. 1702 5. Robert (Dalzell), Earl OF Carnwath, fsfc. [S.], 

2nd cousin (once removed) and h. male, being s. and h. of 
Sir John Dalzell, Bart. [S.], by Harriet, da. of Sir William 
Murray, ist Bart. [S. 1664], of Stanhope, which Sir John 
was s. and h. of Sir Robert Dalzell, cr. a Bart. [S.] 1 1 Apr. 
1666, s. and h. of the Hon. John D., all of Glenae, co. 
Dumfries, who was 2nd s. of Robert, ist Earl of Carn- 
WATH [S.] abovenamed. In Mar. 1689 \\t sue. his father in the Baronetcy 
and in the estate of Glenae afsd. He was l>. probably about 1687; was ed. 
at Cambridge, and was of the English Episcopal Church. Engaging in the 
Rising on behalf of the exiled Royal line, he was taken prisoner at Preston, 
14 Nov. 1 715, and his impeachment was read 19 Jan. 171 5/6 before the 
House of Peers. He pleaded guilty, and was on 9 Feb. sentenced to 
death as a traitor, and, being attainted, his estate of ^^863 per annum, as 
also his Peerage honours were forfeited.(^) His execution was, however, 
first respited, and afterwards altogether remitted. He ;«., istly, 19 Jan. 
1 710 (date of cont.), Grace, 3rd da. of Alexander (Montgomerie), 9th 
Earl of Eglintoun [S.], by his ist wife, Margaret, da. of William Coch- 
rane, j()'/(?i/ Lord Cochrane. She d. s.p.m., Jan. 1713. He ;«., 2ndly, 
3 June 1720, Grizell, da. of Alexander Urquhart, of Newhall. She d. 
and was bur. 4 Sep. 1723, at Bath Abbey. He m., 3rdly, 15 Nov. 1728, 
Margaret, da. of John Hamilton, of Bangour. She d. 13 Feb. 1730, at 
Edinburgh. Fun. entry in Lyon office. He m., 4thly, 19 June 1735, at 
Worksop, Notts, Margaret, 3rd da. of Thomas Vincent, of Barnborough 
Grange, co. York, by Isabel, da. of Philip Packer, of Groombridge, Kent. 
He d. 4 Aug. 1737, at Kirkmichael, aged about 50. His widow, who was 
bap. at Barnborough 5 Nov. 1696, d. in London 11, and was bur. 15 Apr. 
1758, at St. Margaret's, Westm. 



The following is an account of the successive heirs to the Grantee of the above 
Peerages after the forfeiture: — 

VL 1737. 6. Alexander Dalzell, ^/v//'Ǥ-A/wjf^ and who, but 

for the attainder in 171 6, would have been. Earl of 
Carnwath, {^c. [S.], s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 2, and bap. 4 Feb. 
1 72 1/2, at St. James's, Westm. He w., before 1753, Elizabeth Jackson, 
spinster. He d. 3 Apr. 1787, at Kirkmichael, aged 65. 

[Richard Dalzell, styling himself Master of Carnwath or Lord 
Dalzell, s. and h. ap., b. 23 July 1753. He m., in 1775, Elizabeth 
Johnston, spinster. He d. s.p.m. and v.p., 5 July 1 782, in England, aged 
nearly 29.] 



(') For a list of Scottish peers attainted after the Rising of 17 15 see vol. i, Appen- 
dix E. 



52 CARNWATH 



VII. 1787. 7. Robert Dalzell, of Glenae afsd., who, but for 

the attainder in 1716, would have been Earl of Carn- 
WATH, ^c. [S.], but who never assumed that title, 2nd but ist surv. s. 
and h. male, b. iISS- ^^ became a Member of the Faculty of Advocates, 
Edinburgh, in 1776. He m., 18 Mar. 1783, Anne, da. of David Arm- 
strong, of Kirtleton, co. Dumfries, Advocate. She d. at Edinburgh, 
21 Feb. 1797. He d. it, Feb. 1808, at Glenae House, aged 52. 

VIII. 1808. 8. John Dalzell, of Glenae afsd., who, but for the 

attainder, would have been Earl of Carnwath, t?c. 
[S.], but who never assumed that title, only s. and h., b. 18 Aug. 1795. 
A Major in the Marines 1798, when aged 3I He d. unm., loOct. 1814, 
aged 19, being slain in action off New Orleans. 



[IX. 1 8 14.] [9, or] 6. Robert Alexander Dalzell, who, but for 

the attainder, would have been Earl of Carnwath, ^c. 

VI. 1826. [S.], cousin and h. male, being only s. and h. of Robert 

Dalzell, by Elizabeth, da. of John Acklom, of Wiseton 
Hall, Notts, which Robert was yst. s. of Robert, the 5th (and attainted) 
Earl, by Margaret, his 4th and last wife. He was b. 13 Feb. 1768, and sue. 
his father 31 July 1788. He was in the army. Major Gen. 18 14, Lieut. Gen. 
1830. He obtained an act "for the restoration to the dignity and title of EARL 
OF CARNWATH," 26 May i826.(=') He m., istly, 23 Sep. 1789, Jane, 
da. of Samuel Parkes, of Cork. She d. 30 Sep. 1791. He m., 2ndly, 
26 Apr. 1794, Andalusia, da. of Lieut. Col. Arthur Browne, of Knockduffe 
House, Kingsale. She d. Mar. 1833, at Brighton, aged 37. He m., 3rdly, 
II Oct. 1838, Jane, widow of Alexander Morrison, of Gunnersbury 
Park, Midx., da. of John Cornell, of Correndon and Hazell HaU, Kent. 
He d. I Jan. 1839, aged nearly 71. Admon. Mar. 1839. His widow d. 
14 May 1863, at 39 Gloucester Place, Midx., aged 88. Will pr, 13 June 
1863, under ;{^2 5,000. 

VII. 1839. 7- Thomas Henry (Dalzell), Earl of Carnwath 

[S.], 2nd('') but 1st surv. s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 2 Sep. 
1797. He m., istly, 9 Sep. 1834, Mary Anne, widow of John Blachford, 
of Altadore, co. Wicklow, ist da. of the Right Hon. Henry Grattan. She 
d. 22 May 1853, at Bushey Park. He m., 2ndly, 2 May 1855, Isabella 

(^) See vol. i, Appendix E for a list of such restorations. It is to be observed that 
in this particular act of restoration no mention is made of the Barony of Dalzell [S.], 
cr. 1628, which, it is to be presumed, still remains under forfeiture. The Barony 
of Scot of Tindal was expressly mentioned in the act (1742) for the restoration of the 
Earldom of Doncaster, though those two dignities (unlike this case) originated in one 
and the same patent, and might, therefore, be held to be one and the same Peerage. 

C^) His elder br. of the whole blood, Robert Arthur, b. i May 1796, d. 30 Dec. 
1799. V.G. 



CARNWATH 53 

Eliza, widow of John Hartpole Lecky, da. of Col. Eardley Wilmot, R.A. 
He d. 14 Dec. 1867, in his 71st year, at Bagn^res de Bigorre, Hautes 
Pyrenees, France. Will pr. in Dublin, 1868, under 1, 1 2,ooo,"by his widow. 
She d. after a long illness, 16 Oct. 1902, at 15 Cromwell Place, Midx., in 
her 93rd year, and was bur. at Harrow. Will pr. above ;£33,ooo gross and 
net. 

VIII. 1867. 8. Henry Arthur Hew (Dalzell), Earl OF Carn- 

WATH [S.], only s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 12 Apr. 1858, 
at Heidelberg, d. unm. 13 IVIar. 1873, in his 15th year, of measles, while 
at school at Harrow on the Hill. 

IX. 1873. 9. Arthur Alexander (Dalzell), Earl of Carn- 

WATH [S.], uncle and h., b. 15 Sep. 1799; Lieut. Col. 48th 
Foot 1841-53; Major Gen. 1858; Lieut. Gen. 1865; General 1873; Col. 
of the 88th Foot 1863-64, and Col. 48th Foot 1864 till his death; was 
sometime in command of the Dubhn district, and, 1861-65, of ShornclifFe 
and the South Eastern district. Assist. Sec. for Scotland 1854-59. He d. 
unm., in his 77th year, at 28 Eaton Place, Midx., 28 Apr., and was bur. 
4 May 1875, in the cemetery at Brompton. 

X. 1875. ^°- Harry Burrard (Dalzell), Earl OF Carnwath 

[S.], br. and h., b. 1 1 Nov. 1804; entered the Bengal ar- 
tillery, 1820; Col. therein 1835; ^^^^ Commissary of Ordnance at Agra, 
1835-42. He m., 16 Nov. 1827, Isabella, da. of the Rev. Alexander 
Campbell. She d. 14 Oct. 1867, and was bur. at St. Peter's, Bournemouth. 
He d. s.p.m.s., i Nov. 1887, aged nearly 83, at 28 Eaton Place, Midx., 
and was bur. with his wife. 

XI. 1887. II. Robert Harris Carnwath (Dalzell), Earl OF 

Carnwath [S.], nephew and h. male, being s. and h. of 
Lieut. Col. the Hon. Robert Alexander George Dalzell, C.B. (next br. 
to the last Earl), by Sarah Bushby, ist da. of John Harris, of Eldon House, 
London, in the province of Canada. He was b. i July 1847; Major, 79th 
Highlanders, 1882; Rep. Peer [S.] (Conservative) 1892. He m., 19 Aug. 
1873, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Emily Sulivan, da. of Henry Hippisley, of 
Lamborne Place, Berks, by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Mary, da. of the Rt. 
Hon. Lawrence Sulivan. She, who was b. 27 Feb. 1853, at 39 Upper 
Grosvenor Str., d. 7 May 1889, of diphtheria, at Carnwath House, Fulham. 
He d. suddenly, from syncope, falling dead while walking in St. Anne's Str., 
Westm., on his way to the House of Lords, 8, and was bur. 12 Mar. 1910, 
at Fulham, aged 62. 

[Ronald Arthur Dalzell, j/y/t'd' Lord Dalzell, 2nd(^) but ist surv. 
s. and h., b. 3 June 1883, at G^ Grosvenor Str. He ;«., 23 July 1910, at 

(') His elder br., Robert Hippisley, b. 30 Sep. 1877, d. unm. and v.p., 2 Aug. 
1904, at 17 Coram Str., Bloomsbury, aged 27. V.G. 



54 CARNWATH 

St. Mary's, Bryanston Str., Maude Maitland, da. of John Eden Savile, of 
St. Martin's, Stamford. Having sue. to the Peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he 
is, as such, outside the scope of this work.] 

CARPENTER OF KILLAGHY 

BARONY [I.] I. George Carpenter, yst. s. of Warncombe C, by 

Eleanor, widow of John Hill, da. of William Taylor, of 

I. 1719. Withington, CO. Hereford, was ^. 10 Feb. 1656/7, at Pit- 

cher's Ocull, CO. Hereford, and at the age of 14 was Page 
to Ralph Montagu (afterwards ist Duke of Montagu) in his embassy to 
France, after which he entered the 3rd troop of Guards as a Private; was 
many years Lieut. Col. of Peterborough's regt. of Horse, and subsequently 
Col. of the 3rd (King's own) Dragoons 1703 till his death; in this regt. 
he served with great gallantry both in Flanders and Spain. Brig. Gen. 1705. 
He distinguished himself again by helping to mitigate the severe English 
defeat at Almanza, 14/25 Apr. 1707; Major Gen. 1708; Lieut. Gen. 1709/10, 
and was severely wounded, 27 July 17 10, at the battle of Almenara. 
M.P. (Whig) for Whitchurch, 1715-22, and for Westminster 1722-27. 
Envoy to the Court of Vienna, 171 5. Gov. of Minorca 1716 till his death; 
and Commander in Chief of all the forces in North Britain, 171 6-25. C*) 
On 29 May 17 19 he was fr. BARON CARPENTER OF KILLAGHY,C>) 
CO. Kilkenny [I.]. He w., (lie. 20 Jan. 1693/4, at the Fac. office, each 
being said to be aged 33) 23 Jan. 1693/4, at St. Edmund the King, Lon- 
don, Alice (a large fortune), widow of James Margetson, da. of William 
(Caulfeild), 1st Viscount Charlemont [I.], by Sarah, da. of Charles 
(Moore), Viscount Drogheda [I.]. She d. 7 Oct. 1731, at Bath, Somer- 
set, and was bur. (from her husband's house at Longwood) at Ouselbury, 
Hants. Admon. 17 Feb. 173 1/2. He d. 10 Feb. 173 1/2, aged exactly 75, 
and was bur. there. M.I. Will dat. 31 Dec. 1731, pr. 17 Feb. 173 1/2. 

II. 1732. 2. George (Carpenter), Baron Carpenter of 

Killaghy [I.], only s. and h., who in 1704 was Cornet, 
in 1712 Captain, and in 171 5 Lieut. Col., of the ist regt. of Horse Guards; 
I St Lieut. Col. in May 1748. He was M.P. (Whig) for Morpeth 
1717-27, and forWeobley 1741-47; F.R.S. 5 June 1729. On 23 May 1733 
he inherited the estate of Holme in Dilwyn, co. Hereford, long the pro- 
perty of his paternal ancestors, under the will of his 2nd cousin, Thomas 
Carpenter, of whom, however, he was not the h. male. He m., 26 Aug. 
1722, Elizabeth, da. of David Petty, of W^anstead, Essex, Citizen of 

(^) He purchased, 23 June 1703, from the Trustees of forfeited estates [I.] for 
;f 1,585, Baramount, part of the estate of Piers, Viscount Galmoy, attainted, and for 
;^i,o8o, Killahy, part of the estate of John Grace, attainted, both in co. Kilkenny, 
he being then described as of Nether Court, co. Oxford. 

1^) See the very elaborate preamble to the patent in Lodge, vol. iii, p. 91, note. 



CARPENTER 55 

London. He d. 12 July 1749, in Grosvenor Sq., Midx., and was bur. 
at Ouselbury afsd. Will dat. 31 Dec. 1748, pr. 24 July 1749 and 20 Aug. 
1764. His widow d. 21 May 1791, aged 80. Will pr. June 1791. 

III. 1749- 3- George (Carpenter), Baron Carpenter of 

KiLLAGHY [1.], only s. and h., b. 26 x'\ug. 1723. On 
I May 1 76 1 he was cr. VISCOUNT CARLINGFORD, co. Louth, and 
EARL OF TYRCONNEL in the province of Ulster [I.], with which 
dignities the Barony continued, ever afterwards, united. See "Tyrconnel," 
Earldom of [L], cr. 1761; extinct 1853. 

CARRABROWNE CASTLE 

See "Oranmore and Browne of Carrabrowne Castle, co. Galway, 
fsfc." Barony [1.] {Browne), cr. 1836. 



CARRICK (district of) SCOTLAND 

EARLDOM [S.] i. Duncan, son of Gilbert (who d. i Jan. 1185), 

yr. s. of Fergus, the Celtic Lord of Galloway 
L 1 186.'' (who d. 1 161), having compromised matters with his 

cousin Roland, who had rival claims, obtained from 
King William the Lion, before 1 196, the district of Carrick, formed out of 
the old Cumbrian Kingdom, part of ancient Galloway, with the title of 
EARL OF CARRICK [S.]. He took part with King John of England 
in his Irish wars. He d. 13 June 1250. 

II. 1250. 2. Neil, Earl of Carrick [S.], s. and h., one of the 

English faction, and under the protection of Henry III, 
was appointed one of the Regents of Scotland and Guardians of Alexander III, 
20 Sep. 1255. He OT. Margaret, da. of Walter, High Steward of Scotland. 
He d. 1256. 

III. 1256. 3. Margaret,(^) ^«o y«rf Countess OF Carrick. [S.], 

da. and h. She m., istly, Adam de Kilconquhar, who thus 
became _;«r<? uxoris Earl of Carrick [S.]. He d. s.p., being killed in the 
French Crusade of 1268, at Acre in Palestine in 1270. The Countess m., 
the next year, 1 271, at her castle of Turnberry, Robert de Bruce, who thus 
becamey«rf uxoris Earl of Carrick [S.]. For this marriage, which was 
without the Royal consent, she had to pay a heavy fine. Her husband was 

(") She is called, erroneously, by Fordun ^'■Martha, da. and h. of Adam, Earl of 
Carrick, making her thus a da. of (Margaret) the above Countess, by her husband 
Adam de Kilconcath. The Melrose chronicle designates her correctly, and there is 
abundant record evidence to the same effect," (cr inform. G. Burnett, sometime 
Lyon). 



56 CARRICK 

s. andh. ap. of Robert de Bruce, of Annandale (one of the Competitors for the 
Crown of Scotland), by his ist wife, Isabel, da. of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl 
OF Gloucester and Hertford. In 1278 he swore fealty, as proxy for 
Alexander III, for the Kingdom of Scotland, to Edward I, to which King, on 

1 3 June 1 2 9 1 , he also swore fealty. He was sum. to be at Shrewsbury for the 
trial of David ap Griffith, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I,(^) by writ directed 
Roberto de Brus Comiti de Carrtk, his name appearing as i ith and last of the 
earls who were then sum. His wife, the Countess, having previously died, 
he, on 27 Oct. 1292, resigned the Earldom of Carrick to his ist son, though 
he appears still to have been styled Earl thereof. On i Apr. 1295 he sue. 
his father (who d. aged about 85), and was made Gov. of Carlisle Castle. 
On 24 June (1295) 23 Edw. I, he was sum. to Pari. [E.] by writ directed 
Roberto de 5r«i, whereby he may be held to have become LORD BRUCE. C") 
He was also sum. to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 
25 Edw. !.('') He accompanied Edward I into Scotland, and fought 
28 Apr. 1 296, at the battle of Dunbar. To that King he again swore fealty 
28 Aug. 1296, at Berwick. He m., 2ndly, Eleanor.^) He resided latterly 
in England, and d. there or in Palestine, 1304, before 14 June, and was bur. 
at Holmcultram. His widow m., in 1 2°S/^y ^s his i st wife, Richard Waleys 
[Lord Waleys]. Shed', between 16 Mar. and 19 Oct. 1330. 

IV. 1292 4. Robert (de Bruce), Earl OF Carrick. [S.], by the re- 

to signation of his father on 27 Oct. 1 292, as above mentioned, 

1306. ist s. and h. He was b. 1 1 July 1274, at Writtle, Essex. 

By the death of his father he may be held to have become 

(as his s. and h.) Lord Bruce [E.]. He had livery of his father's lands 

14 June 1304, having done homage to the English King. On 27 Mar. 
1306 he was crowned KING OF SCOTLAND (as Robert I), when his 
Scottish dignities merged in that Crown; any English Barony of Bruce that 
may be imagined to have been cr. by the writ of 1295, would either have 
been forfeited in 1306, or after the death, s.p., of his only s. and h.. King 
David 11,22 Feb. 1 3 7 1 , would, according to modern doctrine, have fallen into 
abeyance between his daughters and coheirs, the sisters of the late King. 



V. 1313- I- Sir Edward de Bruce, 2nd s. of Margaret, sm jure 

Countess of Carrick [S.], by her 2nd husband, Robert 

de Bruce abovenamed, was, by his eldest br. King Robert I, cr.^ shortly before 

(^) Though this summons may be held, according to modern doctrine (on the 
analogy of the startling Segrave decision in 1877) to have conferred on him a Barony 
[Lord Bruce], it certainly cannot be regarded as having cr. an English Earldom. See 
similar cases iub Angus and Atholl, and see also Preface. V.G. 

(•>) This writ is fully discussed in Round's Peerage and Pedigree. As to how far 
these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title, see Appendix A in 
the last volume of this work. V.G. 

(<^) As to this writ, see Preface. 

(^) Isabel, his da. by his ist wife, ot., as his 2nd wife, Eric I, King of Norway. 
V.G. 



CARRICK 57 

24 Oct. 13 1 3, EARL OF CARRICK [S.], with rem. to the heirs male of 
his body. He appears to have been also Lord of Galloway. The Irish 
and Scots in Ulster having been oppressed by the English, he landed at 
Carrickfergus, 25 May 13 15, and, on 2 May 13 16, was cr'owned KING OF 
IRELAND. He is said to have m. Isabel, da. of John (of Strath bogie), 
Earl of Atholl, by Margaret, da. of Donald, Earl of Mar. He had a 
dispensation for marriage (which probably never took place) i June 13 17, 
with Isabel, da. of William, Earl of Ross [S.]. He d. s.p. legit., being slain 
at the battle of Dundalk, i4(^) Oct. 13 18, when the Earldom reverted to 
the Crown [S.]. 



VI. C") 1328 I. David de Bruce, Prince of Scotland, s. and h. 

to ap. of King Robert I, b. 5 Mar. 1323/4, was by his said 

1329. father (who himself had held that title, 1292-1306), cr. 

EARL OF CARRICK [S.], in 1328. On 7 June 1329, 

he became KING OF SCOTLAND, as David II, when the Earldom merged 

in that Crown. 



VII. 1330? I. Alexander de Bruce, illegit. son of Edward, Earl 

to of Carrick [S.] abovenamed, by Isabel, sister of David 

'^2iiZ- (°^ Strathbogie), Earl of Atholl [S.], was, about 1330 

or soon after, cr. EARL OF CARRICK [S.]. He sub- 
mitted to Balliol in 1332, but was slain fighting against the English at 
Halidon hill. He m. Eleanor, only sister of William, ist Earl of Douglas 
[S.], da. of Archibald Douglas, Regent of Scotland, by Beatrice, da. of Sir 
Alexander Lindsay, of Crawford. He d. as afsd., s.p.m., 19 July 1333. 
His widow w., before 1349, James Sandilands, of Calder, who d. before 
1358; 3rdly, before 1364 (and probably before 1361), William Towers, of 
Dairy; 4thly, before 1368, Sir Duncan Wallace, of Sundrum; and, 5thly 
and lastly (as his 2nd wife, dispensation granted 18 Mar. 1376), Sir Patrick 
Hepburn, (") of Hales, who was living in 1402, being then above 80 years 
old. 



if) Following Camden's Chronicle, books of reference such as Haydn give 5 Oct. 
as the date of this battle, but there can be but little doubt that it was fought on Satur- 
day, St. Kalixtus' day, 14 Oct. V.G. 

C') The succession, as given in Wood's Douglas, at this date is (i) Robert de 
Bruce, said to be Earl of Carrick, 131 8 to 1332, (2) Alexander de Bruce, as (more 
or less) in the text, and (3) Thomas de Bruce, said to be Earl of Carrick, 1333 to 
1334 or soon afterwards. These three are stated to be bastards of Edward, Earl ot 
Carrick (13 1 4-1 8) abovenamed — but, of them, Robert never existed, while 
Thomas (though, probably, a son of the said Earl, and, certainly, ancestor of the Bruces 
of Clackmannan, i^z.) was never Earx of Carrick. {ex inform. G. Burnett, some- 
time Lyon). See also Exch. Rolls [S.], vol. i, p. cxxxi, and pp. 189, 190, 258 and 259. 

(■=) Ancestor of the (Hepburn) Lords Hales, afterwards Earls of Bothwell. V.G. 



S8 



CARRICK 



VIII. 1362? I. Sir William Cunynghame, probably s. and h. of 

to Hugh C, appears by an undated (") charter of David II 

1365? to have been cr., about 1362, EARL OF CARRICK [S.]. 

The Earldom, however, appears soon afterwards, and before 

1369 (probably by resignation), to have reverted to the Crown. He m. Mar- 

garet,('') who was living as his wife 18 Apr. 1369. He d. between Dec. 

1396 and July 1399. His 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. is called (merely) Sir 

JVilliam Cunynghame. {f) 



IX. 1368 I. John Stewart, s. and h. ap. of Robert, afterwards 

to Robert II, King of Scotland, but at that time Earl of 

1390. Strath ern [S.], by his ist wife, EHzabeth, da. of Sir 

Adam Mure, was b. about 1337. He was, by his grand- 
uncle. King David II, cr. EARL OF CARRICK [S.], 22 June 1368, and, 
as such, was present in the Pari, at Perth, 23 Oct. 1370. He w., in 1367 
(commission to grant disp. 13 Mar. 1365/6), Annabel, ist da. of Sir John 
Drummond, of Stobhall, by Mary, ist da. and coh. of Sir William de 
MoNTiFEX. She d. in 1401. Soon after his father had sue. to the throne, 
he obtained, i June 1374, a new charter of this Earldom to the heirs of his 
body by Annabel his wife, in fee. On 19 Apr. 1390, he sue. to the throne 
as King Robert III, when the Earldom merged in the Crown. 



X. 1390 I. David Stewart, Prince of Scotland, 1st s. and h. 

to ap. of King Robert III, was b. 1378, and on, or soon after, 

1402. his father's accession to the throne, 19 Apr. 13 90, was recog- 

nised as EARL OF CARRICK [S.]. On 28 Apr. 1398 
he was cr. Duke of Rothesay [S.], and on 6 Sep. following Earl of 
Atholl [S.]. He d. s.p. and v.p.^ 26 Mar. 1402, when his Peerage 
honours became extinct or reverted to the Crown. See fuller account under 
"Rothesay," Dukedom of [S.], cr. 1398. 



XI. 1404 I. jAMEsSTEWART,PRINCEOFScOTLAND,3rdbut IStSUrV. 

to s. and h. ap. of King Robert III, was b. 1394, and having, 

1406. by the death of his elder br. (David) abovenamed, become 

in 1402 h. ap. to the Crown, received by charter, 10 Dec. 

1 404 (thoughyor^« life only), certain lands and lordships (including the entire 

lands of the entire Earldom of Carrick), whereby he, possibly, became 

(*) The date of each of the charters immediately preceding and following is 
12 Sep. 1362. The charter is incomplete in the record, but the nominee soon 
afterwards grants a charter as Earl of Carrick. 

C") He is often stated to have m. Eleanor, widow of Alexander (de Bruce), Earl of 
Carrick, but though she had five husbands it is pretty clear that he was not one of 
them. Others say that he m. their only da. and h., Eleanor, but there seems to be no 
evidence of her existence. V.G. 

(■=) Exch. Rolls [S.], vol. ii, p. 165. 



CARRICK 59 

EARL OF CARRICK, &€. [S.]. He is, however, never designated either 
as "Ear/ of Carrick" or "Duke of Rothesay " but always as "Prince,'' or 
"Steward of Scotland." On 4 Apr. 1406 he sue. to the throne as King 
James I, when his Peerage dignities (if any) merged in the Crown. 



Robert Stuart, Prince of Scotland, 3rd s. of King James VI, b. 
18 Feb., and^. 27 May 1602, appears to have been designated DUKE OF 
KINTYRE, MARQUESS OF WIGTON and EARL OF CARRICK [S.]. 
See under Kintyre. 

[By Act of Pari. [S.] 27 Nov. 1469 it was declared that "The Earl- 
dom of Carrick." [S.] and other lands and lordships therein mentioned 
should be annexed for ever to the first born princes of the Kings of 
Scotland, and "it is understood that from this period the Dukedom of 
Rothesay, the Earldom of Carrick, the Lordship of the Isles and Barony 
of Renfrew" [S.] were so vested, with the privilege of a Peer of 
Scotland.(*) See under "Rothesay," Dukedom of [S.], cr. 1469.] 



CARRICK (in Orkney) [Scotland] 

EARLDOM [S.] i. John Stewart, 2nd surv. s. of Robert (Stewart), 

Earl of Orkney [S.], by Janet, da. of Gilbert (Ken- 

I. 1628 nedy), 3rd Earl of Cassillis [S.], was, being h. 

to presumptive to his br., sometimes styled Master of 

1644 Orkney, and having had grants of the dominical lands 

or of the Monastery of Crossregal, ^c, was, on 10 Aug. 

1645. 1607, cr. Lord Kincleven [S.J-C") On 22 July 1628, 

he was cr. EARL OF CARRICK (in Orkney) [S.]. 

This dignity was called in question at the Privy Council, as being the proper 

style of the eldest son of the King of Scotland and one not communicable 

to any subject. The difficulty is supposed ('') to have been got over by an 

explanation that an imaginary place in Orkney, called "Carrick," was the 

territory intended; at all events, on 14 Dec. 1 630, he received his patent from 

(=>) Wood's Douglas, vol. ii, p. 436. 

(•>) This Barony (as also that of Balfour of Burleigh) was created without any men- 
tion of heirs, and Lord Kincleven sat (by proxy) in the Pari. [S.] of 4 Aug. 1621, 
between Lord Balfour of Burleigh (entered on the roll as Lord Burlie), cr. 16 July 
1607, and Lord Holyroodhouse, cr. 20 Dec. 1607. See Hewlett, pp. 52-56, where 
it is remarked that "by the law of Scotland the grant of a heritable subject [which a 
Scottish peerage is] to a person without mention of heirs is a grant to htm and his heirs." 
The grantee's only da. and h., Margaret, m. Sir Matthew Mennes, K.B. (who d. 
1648), and had an only child, Margaret, a minor and unm. in 1645/6, and then heir to 
the Countess, who m. Sir John Heath, of Brasted, Kent, and (f. 1676, leaving Margaret, 
her da. and h., who m. George (Verney), 4th Lord Willoughby (of Broke), and was 
ancestress of the succeeding Lords. 

(■=) Wood's Douglas, vol. i, p. 322. 



6o CARRICK 

the Lord Chancellor.(') On 14 Jan. 1632/3, he had charters of the Barony 
of Ethay, (^c, "including Carrick in Orkney." He m., 26 Oct. 1604, at 
Chelsea, Midx., Elizabeth, widow of Sir Robert Southwell, da. of Charles 
(Howard), ist Earl of Nottingham, by his ist wife, Katherine, da. 
of Henry (Carey), Baron Hunsdon. He d. s.p.m., between 22 June 
1643 (when he was on the Convention of Estates Sederunt) and 1645/6, 
when his Peerage dignities became extinct. His widow was bur. at Green- 
wich, Kent, 31 Jan. 1645/6. Admon. 3 Mar. 1 645/6, C") 12 Aug. 1651 and 
21 Feb. 1653/4. 

CARRICK [Ireland] 

[Edmund BuTLER,afeudal lord in Ireland (1290-1321), received, i Sep. 
13 1 5, the feodum of the castle and manors of Karryk Macgriffyn and Roscrea, 
to him and his heirs, sub nomine et honore Comitis de Karryk.(f) This appears, 
however, to have failed in creating him EARL OF CARRICK [I.], and he is 
seldom so described. C) He d. 13 Sep. 1321, and on 2 Nov. 1328 his s. 
and h. (as "James le Botiller") was cr. Earl of Ormond [!•]•('')] 

EARLDOM [I.] I. Somerset Hamilton Butler, 2nd and yst. s. of 

J o Thomas, 6th Viscount Ikerrin [I.], by Margaret, da. 

''^ ' and coh. of James Hamilton, of Bangor, co. Down, 

was b. 6, and bap. 9 Sep. 1718, at Marylebone, Midx.; 
sue. his br. James, the 7th Viscount, in the Peerage, 20 Oct. 1721; matric. 
at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) i July 1735; P.C. [I.] 14 Apr. 1746; LL.D. Dublin, 
23 Feb. 1747. On 10 June 1748, he was cr. EARL OF CARRICK,(') 
CO. Tipperary [I.]. Hem., 18 May 1745, Juliana, only da. of Henry (Boyle), 
1st Earl of Shannon [I.], by his 2nd wife, Harriet, da. of Charles (Boyle), 
Earl of Burlington [E.] and Earl of Cork. [I.]. He d. 1 5 Apr. 1 774, at 

(^) There is a warrant, dat. 8 July 1622, to " pay to Lord Kinclevin his pension 
and the arrears thereof as he can hardly live without it." V.G. 

(*') The admon. (Latin) is granted to Sir Matthew Mennes, K.B., on behalf of 
his daughter Margaret, a minor, "nept' ex filia " of the Countess; the latter is described 
as "Comitissa dotissa Kincleven alias Carryk defuncta." V.G. 

('^) This is one of the few (li in number) charters or patents of creation known 
to exist of Irish peerages before 1 500. See vol. i, Appendix A. V.G. 

(«') See, however. Patent Roll, 23 Nov. 131 6, "Mandate to Edmund le Botiller, 
Earl of Carryk, to deliver to Roger de Mortimer the Rolls belonging to the office of 
Justiciary of Ireland, which he lately held"; also Patent Roll, 4 Nov. 1317, where 
he is called " Earl of Carrick in Ireland." In later references to him the style is 
omitted. V.G. 

(^) See fuller account of this matter, ante, under "Butler," Barony [I.], vol. ii, 
p. 449, and a further notice, by J. H. Round, in The Genealogist, N.S., vol. v. 

(*) i.e. Carrick-upon-Suir, where the Earls of Ormond had large possessions. He 
is said to have been the lineal descendant and h. male of John Butler, 2nd s. of 
Edmund Butler, on whom the Earldom of Carrick [I.] was, invalidly, conferred i Sep. 
1315, as abovementioned. 



CARRICK 6i 

his seat near Kilkenny, and was bur. at Thomastown, co. Kilkenny, aged 55.('') 
Will pr. 1775. His widow d. 11 Feb. 1804, at Kilmurry, near Thomas- 
town, aged 76, and was bur. at Thomastown, 

II. 1774. -. Henry Thomas (Butler), Earl of Carrick, {jfc. 

[I.], s. and h., b. 19 May 1746; M.P. for Killyleagh, 
1768-74; took his seat in the House of Peers [I.] i Nov. 1774. He m., 
7 Aug. 1 774, Sarah, 2nd da. and coh. of Col. Edward Taylor, of Askeaton, 
by Anne, da. of Richard Maunsell, of Limerick. He d. 20 July 18 13, 
at Mount Juliet, co. Kilkenny, aged 67. His widow d. 14 Aug. 1841, at 
Salt Hill, Kingstown, aged 85. 

III. 18 13. 3. Somerset Richard (Butler), Earl of Carrick, 

i^c. [I.], s. and h., b. 28 Sep. 1779. Sheriff of co. Kil- 
kenny, 18 12. Rep. Peer [I.], 1819-38 (Tory). Hew;., istly, i Sep. 181 1, 
at the house of her mother in Rutland Sq., Anne, ist da. of Owen Wynne, 
of Haslewood, co. Sligo, by Sarah, da. of William (Cole), ist Earl of 
Enniskillen [I.]. She d. s.p.m., 22 Oct. 1829, at Mount Juliet afsd., in 
childbed. He w., 2ndly, 12 Feb. 1833, Lucy, 3rd da. of Arthur French, 
of Innfield, co. Roscommon, whose grandfather, of the same name, was of 
French Park in that co. He d. 4 Feb. 1838, in Dublin, aged 58. His 
widow m., 10 Aug. 1842, at Dunmore East, co. Waterford, as his 2nd wife, 
the Hon. Charles Harward Butler-Clarke-Southwell-Wandesford, of 
Castlecomer, co. Kilkenny, and Kirklington, co. York, who was b. 9 Nov. 
1780, and d. 7 Nov. i860. She d. 13 Oct. 1884, aged 84, at Mount Juliet, 
Thomastown, co. Kilkenny. 

IV. 1838. 4. Henry Thomas (Butler), Earl of Carrick, tfc. 

[I.], s. and h., by 2nd wife, b. 19 Feb. 1834; ^., while at 
school, unm., of water on the brain, 16 Apr. 1846, and was bur. at Cheam, 
Surrey, aged 12. M.I. 

V. 1846. 5. Somerset Arthur (Butler), Earl of Carrick 

[1748] and Viscount Ikerrin [1629], both [I.], only 
br. and h., b. at Roan More, co. Waterford, 30 Jan. 1835; ed. at Harrow; 
entered the army, 1853; Capt. in the Grenadier Guards, 1856-62; served in 
the Crimean War: medal and clasp for siege of Sebastopol. He d. unm., 
22 Dec. 1 90 1, aged 66, at Coorheam House, Loughrea. 

[Charles Henry Somerset Butler, 2nd cousin and h., being only s. of 
Charles George B., sometime Capt. 8th Foot {d. 18 Dec. 1854), by Jane 
Elizabeth, ist da. of Capt. Frederick Prosser, of the 7th Fusiliers, which 
Charles George was 2nd s. of Henry Edward B., 2nd s. of the 2nd Earl. 
He was b. 5 Aug. 1851; ed. at Wellington and Sandhurst; ent. the army 

(=>) He obtained a pension of ;^i,000 p.a. from Lord Townshend. In 1756 he 
is described " as of most promising genius and manners." V.G. 



62 CARRICK 

and joined the Welsh regt., attaining the rank of Major; served in Canada 
during the Fenian invasion, 1870. He m., istly, 8 Jan. 1873, at St. Geo., 
Dublin, Kathleen Emily Hamilton, 3rd da. of Albert Ernest Ross, Lieut. 
Col. 5th Fusiliers. She d. 21 June 1888, at 29 Devonshire Place, Mary- 
ebone. He m., 2ndly, in 1896, Emily, da. of Mark Codrington Jones. 
He d. 6 Apr. 1909, at Bath. Having j«f. to the peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, 
he is, as such, outside the scope of this work. His widow was living 191 2.] 

CARRICKFERGUS 

i.e. "Ennishowen and Carrickfergus of Ennishowen co. Donegal and 
Carrickfergus co. Antrim," Barony (^Chichester), cr. 1841; extinct 1883; see 
"DoNEGALL," Marquessate [I.], cr. illi, under the 3rd Marquess. 

CARRICKMAYNE 

See "Newhaven of Carrickmayne, co. Dublin," Barony [I.] {Mayne), 
cr. 1776; extinct 1794. 

CARRINGTON OF BULCOT LODGE and 
CARRINGTON OF UPTON 

BARONY [I.] I. Robert Smith, of Bulcot in Burton-Joyce, Notts, 

J . Banker of London, 3rd but ist surv. s. and h. male of 

'° ■ Abel S., of Nottingham and London,(*) Banker (some- 

BARONY [G.B.] ^i";^ ^'^i^ ^'^^ f i\^'"^'^ '^ aS' ^^ ^^^^J^' ^^i °^ 
'- -• Thomas Bird, or Barton, co. Warwick, b. 22 Jan., 

\. 1797. and bap. 21 Feb. 1752, at St. Peter's, Nottingham, 

was M.P.C") for Nottingham in 5 Parliaments, 1779 ^^ 

1797. On II July 1796, he was cr. BARON CARRINGTON (■=) OF 

(^) The banking firm of "Smith, Payne and Co." is first found in the London 
Directory for 1759. In 1773 it became "Smith Payne and Smith"; in 1785 
"Smith Payne Smiths and Payne"; and finally (1786) "Smith Payne and Smiths." 

1^) He was a Whig till the Coalition of 1 783, and thereafter supported Pitt. After 
Pitt's death in 1806, he acted with the Whigs again till about 1820, when he 
reverted to the Tories, and voted for the proceedings against Queen Caroline, and 
was one of the 22 "Stalwarts" who voted against the 3rd Reading of the Reform 
Bill, 4 June 1832. For a list of these see Appendix I to this volume. V.G. 

if) The title of" Carrington " was doubtless selected because the ancient family of 
Smith, alias Carrington (though in no way connected with the family of the grantee) 
had, under the latter name, been ennobled in 1643. "^^^ grantee's father (who 
established the London Banking House) and grandfather, each named Abel Smith, 
were bankers at the county town of Nottingham. The grandfather of the last, with 
whom the pedigree begins, was one John Smith, of Cropwell Boteler in Titheby, 
Notts, who d. 1 64 1, whose son Thomas Smith (great-grandfather of the first Peer) 
was "a respectable draper at Nottingham," who, by keeping account of the "market 
transactions" of the farmers near there and by receiving their cash, eventually became 
a Country Banker. See F. Martin's Stories of Banks and Bankers. He m. Fortune, sister 



CARRINGTON 63 

BULCOT LODGE [I.], and on 20 Oct. 1 797 was cr. BARON CARRING- 
TON OF UPTON, CO. Nottingham [G.B.]. F.R.S. 29 May 1800; 
Capt. of Deal Castle, 1802-38; F.S.A. 16 Apr. 18 12; Pres. of the 
London Institution 1812-27; LL.D. Cambridge 5 July 18 19. He»2., istly, 
6 July 1780, at Tottenham, Midx., Anne, ist da. of Lewyns Boldero- 
Barnard, of Cave Castle, co. York, by Anne, da. of William Popplewell, 
of Monk Hill, near Pontefract. She d. at Whitehall, 9, and was bur. 
19 Feb. 1827, at St. Peter's, Nottingham, aged 70. He m., 2ndly, 19 Jan. 
1836, at Bath, Somerset, Charlotte, widow of the Rev. Walter Trevelyan, 
Vicar of Henbury, 3rd da. of John Hudson, of Bessingby, co. York, by 
Susanna, 2nd da. of Sir George Trevelyan, 3rd Bart. He d. at White- 
hall, 18 Sep., and was bur. 3 Oct. 1838, at Wycombe, Bucks, aged 86. C") 
Will dat. 22 July 1836, pr. 2 Nov. 1838, under ^120,000. His widow, 
who was b. i May 1770, at Bessingby, d. 22 Apr. 1849, at Bath. Will pr. 
July 1849. 

II. 1838. 2. Robert John (Smith, afterwards Carrington), 

Baron Carrington of Upton [G.B.], fe'c, only s. and h., 
by 1st wife, b. 16 Jan. 1796; was ed. at Christ's Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 
18 15. He was M.P. (Whig) forWendoveri8i8-2o; for Bucks 1820-31; 
and for High Wycombe 183 1-38. ('') Lord Lieut, of Bucks 1839 ^'1^ his 
death; F.R.S. 14 Feb. 1839. By Royal lie. 26 Aug. 1839, he and his issue 
took the name of Carrington in lieu of that of Smith, in compliance with an 

of Abel Collin, of Nottingham, to which match apparently the family owed their 
greatness, as the griffin in the coat of Collin forms the chief charge in the coat of 
Smith granted in the i8th century to their more distinguished descendants. G.E.C. 
See J. H. Round's Peerage and Pedigree, vol. ii, pp. 213-220, where the true descent 
of this family is shewn to have been established by one of its own members, Augustus 
Smith, who describes it as "altogether plebeian in its source." Although retaining 
Carington as its surname, the family has now abandoned any claim to a Carrington 
descent. V.G. 

(^) Maria Edgeworth describes him as " most amiable and benevolent, without 
any species of pretension, thinking the best that can be thought of everything and 
everybody." His unobtrusive benevolence is alluded to by Cowper in The Task, 
Book IV:— 

"I mean the man, who when the distant poor 
Need help, denies them nothing but his name." 
"His character was without reproach, and his fortune ample, but he possessed no 
parliamentary talents." He was raised to the English peerage by Pitt, "not however, 
as was well known, without experiencing a long resistance on the part of the King" 
on account of his being engaged in trade. Wraxall, Posth. Memoirs, vol. i, p. 66-68, 
where it is insinuated that he gave pecuniary assistance to Pitt, but Carrington in a 
letter to Thomas Grenville, dated 7 Aug. 1836, expressly states that "during the 
twenty five years in which I enjoyed Mr. Pitt's friendship, not only no money trans- 
actions ever passed between us but not a single word of allusion to such a subject was 
ever spoken by either of us." V.G. 

('') As a peer, though a Liberal, he opposed the Repeal of the Corn Laws. V.G. 



64 CARRINGTON 

alleged wish of his late father, who, however, did not in his will mention 
the same-C) He w., istly, 17 June 1822, at Lambeth Palace, Elizabeth 
Katherine, 2nd da. of Cecil Weld (Weld-Forester), ist Baron Forester 
OF WiLLEY Park, by Katherine Mary,('') da. of Charles (Manners), 4th 
Duke of Rutland. She, who was b. 15 Nov. 1803, d. s.p.m., of cholera, 
after only a few hours' illness, 23 July 1832. He w., 2ndly, 1 1 Aug. 1840, 
at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Charlotte Augusta Annabella, 2nd and yst. surv. 
sister('=) and coh. of Alberic, Lord Willoughby (of Eresby), being da. of 
Peter Robert (Drummond-Burrell), Lord Willoughby (of Eresby) and 
Baron Gwydir, by Clementina Sarah, da. and h. of James (Drummond), 
Baron Drummond of Stobhall, who, but for attainder, would have been 
Earl of Perth [S.]. He d. in Whitehall yard, 1 7, and was bur. 25 Mar. 1868, 
at Moulsoe, Bucks, aged 72. Will pr. 13 July 1868, under ^70,000. His 
widow, who was b. 3 Nov., and bap. 24 Dec. 1 8 1 5, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
d. after a short illness, 26 July 1879, '" Berkeley Sq., Midx. 

in. 1868. 3 and I. Charles Robert (Wynn CARiNGTON,yor»7(?r/)' 

Carrington), Baron Carrington of Upton [G.B.] and 
EARLDOM. Baron Carrington of Bulcot Lodge [L], s. and h., 
I jgg- by 2nd wife, b. 16 May 1843, ^^ Whitehall, Midx.; ed. 

at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1863. 
M.P. (Liberal) for Wycombe 1 865-68 ;('^) Capt. Royal Horse Guards 
1869. On the death of his mother, 26 July 1879, he inherited a moiety 
of the office of Joint Hereditary Great Chamberlain of England,('') 
held by his maternal grandfather and maternal uncle, both Lords 
Willoughby (of Eresby), abovenamed. By Royal lie. 21 Aug. 1880, 
he and his two brothers were authorised to continue to use the name of 
Carington in lieu of Carrington. {') Capt. of the Gentlemen-at-Arms 1881-85; 
P.C. 15 July 1 881; G.C.M.G. 6 June 1885; Governor of New South 
Wales 1885-90; Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1892-95; Member 
L.C.C. (West St. Pancras) 1 892-1 907. He was cr., 16 July 1895, EARL 
CARRINGTON (e) and VISCOUNT WENDOVER of Cheping 
Wycombe, Bucks, and was introduced 11 Feb. 1896.C') By Royal lie, 

(^) This direction was doubtless a final (indeed posthumous) effort to give an additional 
appearance of a descent from the "gentle" family of "Smith, alias Carington'" 
Viscounts Carrington [I.]. See ante, p. 62, note "c." 

C') Henry Greville calls her "one of the most beautiful members of the London 
world." V.G. 

('=)The Barony of Willoughby (of Eresby) was, in 1871, called out of abeyance in 
favour of her elder sister (she being one of the two coheirs thereof). 

(<■) He was one of the "Adullamites " in 1866. V.G. 

{") See as to this office vol. ii. Appendix D. 

(<) It is stated in the petition that their father had altered the orthography of his 
(so recently assumed) surname of Carrington to that of Carington, prior to the birth 
of the petitioners, i.e., in the short period between 1839 and 1843. 

(8) As to the form of this title, see note sul> Charles, Earl Cadogan [1800]. 

('') This was one of no less than 8 introductions on the same day, for a list ot 



w 



hich see vol. i, p. 104, note "a 



" o " 



CARRINGTON 65 

24 Apr. 1896, he took the name of Wynn-Can-ington in lieu of that of 
Carington. Pres. of the Board of Agriculture 1905; K.G. 15 Oct. 1906. 
He acted in his turn(^) as Lord Great Chamberlain C') at the Coronation of 
George V. On 26 Feb. 1912, he was cr. MARQUESS OF LINCOLN- 
SHIRE. He w., 16 July 1878 at the Chapel Royal, Whitehall,(=) Cecilia 
Margaret, ist da. of Charles (Harbord), 5th Baron Suffield, by Cecilia 
Annetta, da. of Henry Baring. She was i^. 15 June 1856, at 11 Berkeley Sq. 

[Albert Edward Samuel Charles Robert Wynn-Carrington, styled 
Viscount Wendover, h. at 50 Grosvenor Str., 24 Apr., and bap. 5 June 
1895, at Wycombe parish church, Edward VII, then Prince of Wales, being 
one of his sponsors by proxy. Ed. at Eton.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 16,128 acres in Bucks; 
9,656 in CO. Lincoln; and 25 in Beds. Total 25,809 acres, valued at 
£4.2,2^4. a year. Principal Residence. — In 1883, Wycombe Abbey, near 
High Wycombe, Bucks, now (1912) a girls' school. In 191 1, Gwy-dyr 
Castle, Llanrwst, North Wales. ('^) Note. — The Bucks estate was bought 
by the ist Baron from Lord Shelburne, and was sold a few years ago. 

CARRINGTON OF WOTTON and CARRINGTON 
OF BURFORD [i.e. BARREFORE] 

BARONY [E.] I. Charles Smyth, s. and h. of Sir Francis S., of 

Wootton Wawen, co. Warwick, and of Ashby Fol- 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] ville and Queenborough, co. Leicester {d. 6 May 
.. , 1629), by Anne, da. of Thomas Markham, of 

'^•^' Ollerton, Notts, was aged 21 in 16 19, the date of the 

Heraldic Visitation of co. Leicester, receiving knight- 
hood on 28 June in that year. He was a zealous Royalist and gave con- 
siderable aid to the King. On 31 Oct. 1643, he was cr. "BARON 
CARRINGTON OF WOTTON, co. Warwick," and, a few days after- 
wards, on 4 Nov. 1643 was cr. "VISCOUNT CARRINGTON OF 
BURFORD " [i.e. BARREFORE] in the Province of Connaught [I.].^) 

(=>) The order of the Court had been that the office should be filled in turn by the 
Earl of Ancaster, the Marquess Cholmondeley, and the Earl Carrington. V.G. 

(*>) For this and other great offices of state see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

("=) No less than 10 members of the royal family, including the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, were present at the ceremony. V.G. 

('^) The Marquess purchased, from the Earl of Ancaster, Gwydyr Castle and 
the estates, formerly belonging to their common ancestors, the family of Wynn. V.G. 

(=) The only record of either of these creations is in Black's Docquets of 
Letters Patent in the years 1642-46; Commissioners having been ordered by the 
Parliament to cancel and deface all patents conferring honours after 4 Jan. 1 641. See 
vol. ii, p. 454, note "b." The title of "Carrington" was chosen from a tradi- 
tional descent of the family from a mythical Sir Michael Carington or Carrington, 
standard bearer to Richard I in the Holy Land, whose alleged descendant, one John 

9 



66 CARRINGTON 

On 25 Sep. 1646 his estates were directed to be sold by the Parliament- 
arians, and '■'■the Lady Caringion" was fined £'ji4- as a composition for her 
estate at Ashby Folville. He m. Elizabeth (sometimes called "Anna"), 
da. of Sir John Caryll, of South Harting, Sussex, by Mary, da. of Robert 
(Dormer), ist Baron Dormer. She d. and was iur. 21 Mar. 1658, at 
Wootton-Wawen. He d. 22 Feb. or 4 Mar. 1664/5, ^§^^ ^5> being 
murdered, for the sake of plunder, by one of his own servants, near 
Pontoise in France, and was i>ur. in the church of St. Maclou there. M.I.(^) 
Admon. 21 Apr. 1668, to his son. 

II. 1665. 2. Francis (Smith), Viscount Carrington of Bur- 

ford [I.] and Baron Carrington of Wotton [E.], s. and 
h., i>. about 1 62 1. Lord Lieut, of co. Worcester 1687-89. He did not 

Carrington, is said from his adherence to the unfortunate Richard II to have "expa- 
triated himself" and to have for security changed his name to Smith! It is to be 
observed, however, that no such descent is mentioned in the Her. Visit, of co. Leicester 
1619, where the pedigree begins with Sir John Smith, Baron of the Exchequer, 1539. 
Sir John was son of Hugh Smith of Cressing, Essex, who was probably a yr. son of 
John Smith of Rivenhall, Essex, by Millicent (a great heiress in that co.), da. and h. 
of Robert Lainham, the said John Smith being presumed to be the fugitive John Car- 
rington, alias Smith, above-mentioned. The following note on this subject is in 
Vincent's handwriting in "Vincent's Leicestershire," one of the MSS. in the College 
of Arms: "I cannot but feare this descent from which y' Smiths of Ashby Folvill and 
others of that name derive themselves; because it is scarce known that, upon any 
occasion, both name and arms should be changed, and Sir John Smith, Knt., Baron of 
y* Exchequer, gave first [as the armorial ensigns of his family] Argent^ on a chevron, 
iablt\ i> fleur de lis, or: on a chief, of the second, a lion passant, of the first, and y°, after 
many years, y' issue of him gave [as such armorial ensigns] y^ cross, between 4 peacocks, 
proper; and now they flye to CARRINGTON, sed quo jure penitus ignoro. Ex 
libro Thomas, Baronis Brudenell, a° 1 64 1." An allusion to the descent from the 
Standard Bearer is probably made by the red cross on a white field (the Cross of St. 
George), in the Arms above quoted, and certainly in the grant of supporters, the dexter 
of which is a man in armour supporting "a standard ensigned with the cross of 
St. George." See [Delamotte's] Historical Arms, &c. 1803, pp. 451-452. 

The legend of Sir Michael Carington is elaborately worked up in The History and 
Records of the Smith-Carington Family, by Walter A. Copinger, LL.D., 1907, an 
enormous tome which was offered for sale to the public at ^^5 5s. The historical and 
genealogical value claimed for this work led J. H. Round to submit it to a searching 
scrutiny, the result of which — disastrous to the book and its author — is set forth in the 
article "The Great Carington Imposture" in his Peerage and Pedigree, vol. ii, pp. 1 34-2 5 7, 
where the whole " Carington " story is shown to rest on a document concocted ap- 
parently in the time of Elizabeth. The Smith family, however, which is now of 
Ashby Folville by purchase, has been allowed to take the additional name of Caring- 
ton by Royal licence. A pedigree has been entered at the Heralds' Coll. deducing the 
descent of this family of Smith from the afsd. Sir Michael Carington, and a copy (cer- 
tified 30 Oct. 1890 by H. F. Burke, Somerset Herald) is in the possession of R. Smith 
Carington of Ashby Folville. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*) See for this M.I. and details of his murder. Her. and Gen., vol. iii, pp. 62-64. 
{ex inform. G. W. Watson). 



CARRINGTON 67 

attend the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 1689.O He w., istly, Juliana, 
2nd da. of Sir Thomas Walmesley, of Dunkenhalgh, co. Lancaster, by 
Juliana, da. of Sir Richard Molyneux, Bart. She was living 5 Dec. 1670. 
He ;«., 2ndly (settl. 23 May 1687), Anne, da. of William (Herbert), ist 
Marquess of Powis, by Elizabeth, da. of Edward (Somerset), 2nd Mar- 
quess OF Worcester. He d. s.p.s., and was hiir. 7 Apr. 1701, at Ashby 
Folville afsd., aged about 80. Will (which he signs as '' Qirington") dat. 
18 Jan. 1700, pr. 30 Apr. 1701. His widow, who was an active 
Jacobite, ^.11, and was bur. 16 May 1748, at Hendon, Midx. Will dat. 
31 Aug. 1747, pr. May 1748. 

III. 1 701 3. Charles(^) (Carington or Carrington, otherwise 

to Smith),Viscount Carrington ofBurford [I.] and Baron 

1706. Carrington ofWotton [E.], only surv. br. and h. male, 

I?. 5 July 1635. He m., 1 1 Feb. 1656/7, at St. Margaret's, 

Westm., Frances, 2nd da. and coh. of Sir John Pate, Bart., by his ist wife, 

Elizabeth, da. of W^illiam Skipwith, of Cotes, co. Lincoln. She d. 8 July 

1693, and was l>ur. at Wootton-Wawen. M.I. He d. s.p.m., 11, and was 

bur. 1 7 May 1 706, at Ashby Folville afsd., aged 70, when all his honours 

became extinct. Will (which he signs as "Carington'') dat. 8, pr. 17 May 

1706. 

CARTERET and CARTERET OF HAWNES 

BARONY. I. George Carteret, was s. and h. of Sir Philip C, 

by Jemima, da. of Edward (Montagu), ist Earl of 
I. 1 68 1. Sandwich, which Philip was s. and h. ap. of the celebrated 

loyalist, Sir George Carteret, Bart, (so cr. 9 May 1645), 
but d'. v.p., 28 May 1672, being blown up (with the Earl, his wife's father) 
in the naval engagement off Solebay. He was b. July 1667, and, after 
having been m. when a child, by the influence of his said grandfather, sue. 
him in the Baronetcy 13 Jan. i679/8o.('=) On 19 Oct. 1681, he was cr. 
BARON CARTERET OF HAWNES, co. Bedford, with a spec. 
rem.('*) failing heirs male of his body, to his brothers Philip Carteret and 
Edward Carteret in like manner respectively. He voted with the Whigs. 

(^) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D 
to this volume. 

(*>) He is entered in the registry of his marriage ( 1 65 7) as " Charles Carington, allai 
Smith." 

{^) His grandfather d. two days after the warrant for raising him to the peerage, 
II Jan. 1679/80, had passed, and by Royal warrant, 11 Feb. following, his widow. 
Dame Elizabeth Carteret (da. of Sir Philip Carteret, of St. Owen, in Jersey), had the 
precedency of the widow of a Baron, becoming thus, apparently sua jure Baroness 
Carteret. 

(<^) This is an early instance of a spec, rem., a distinction rarely granted before the 
19th century. For a list of, and remarks on, spec. rem. granted to commoners, see 
Appendix F to this volume. V.G. 



68 CARTERET 

He w. (lie. at Fac. off. 15 Mar. 1674/5) Grace, yst. da. of John (Granville), 
1st Earl of Bath, by Jane, da. of Sir Peter Wyche. He d. 22, and was ^«r. 
30 Sep. 1695, at Hawnesafsd., agedsS. Admon. 6 Nov. 1695 to his widow. 



VISCOUNTCY. I. Grace, Baroness Carteret, widow of the above, 

having become on 17 May 171 1, by the death of her 
I. 171 5. nephew, WilHam Henry (Granville), 3rd Earl of 

Bath, one of the 3 coheirs (*) to his vast estates, 
was, on I Jan. 17 14/5, cr. VISCOUNTESS CARTERET (with a spec, 
rem., of that dignity, failing the heirs male of her body, to her husband's 
br., Edward Carteret abovenamed) and COUNTESS GRANVILLE.C) 
She d. 18, and was I?ur. 27 Oct. 1744, aged 77, in Westm. Abbey. 



BARONY. 
II. 1695. 

VISCOUNTCY. 
II. 1744. 

VISCOUNTCY 

AND 

BARONY. 



III. 



1763 
to 

1776. 



2. John (Carteret), Baron Carteret of 
Hawnes, on his father's death in 1695, and 
Earl Granville and Viscount Carteret on 
the death of his mother in 1744, s. and h., L 
22 Apr. 1690. This celebrated statesman <i'. 
2 Jan. 1763. 

3. Robert (Carteret), Earl Granville 
[17 1 5], Viscount Carteret [17 15] and Baron 
Carteret of Hawnes [168 i], also a Baronet 
[1645], only s. and h., i>. 21 Sep. 1721; d.s.p., 
13 Feb. 1776, when all his honours became 
extinct. 



St. < 



r 



CO 



n 
i-t 

3 cy) 



3 
(T) 



O 

> 

z 

I 



BARONY. 



I. The Hon. Henry Frederick Thynne, afterwards 
Carteret, of Hawnes, Beds, 2nd s. of Thomas (Thynne), 
IV. 1784. 2nd Viscount Weymouth, by Louisa, 2nd da. of John 

(Carteret), Earl Granville, Viscount Carteret, fcr'c., 
and sister and coh. of Robert, the last Earl Granville abovenamed, was b. 
17 Nov. 1735. M.P. (Tory) for co. Stafford 1757-61, and for Weobley 
1761-70; Clerk Comptroller of the Board of Green Cloth 1762-65; 
Master of the Household 1768-70; P.C. 19 Dec. 1770; joint Post Master 
Gen. 1770-89, and having, in 1776, sue. under the will of his maternal 
uncle, the said Earl Granville, Viscount Carteret, fffc, to some of the 
estates of the family of Carteret, he assumed that name and was, on 29 Jan. 
1784, cr. BARON CARTERET OF HAWNES, co. Bedford, with a 
spec, rem., failing the heirs male of his body, to the 2nd, 3rd, and every 
other subsequent son of his br. Thomas (Thynne), ist Marquess of Bath, 
in like manner, respectively. He »?., 9 July 18 10, at Hawnes, Eleanor 



(^) See these coheirs set out in vol. ii, p. 22, note " c." 

C") As to the selection of this title, see note tub Grace, Countess Granville [1715]. 



CARTERET 69 

Smart, spinster, of that parish. She, who had been his mistress for 43 
years, d. 20 Mar. 18 17, aged 75. M.I. at Hawnes. He d. s.p.^ 17 June 
1826, at Hawnes afsd., aged 90.(*) Will pr. Feb. 1827. 

V. 1826. 2. George (Thynne), Baron Carteret of Hawnes, 

nephew and h. according to the spec. lim. in the creation 
of this dignity, being 2nd s. of Thomas (Thynne), ist Marquess of Bath, 
abovenamed, by Elizabeth, da. of William (Cavendish-Bentinck.), Duke 
of Portland, b. 23 Jan. 1770; ed. at St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 
1791 ; M.P. (Tory) for Weobley 1790-1812; a Lord of the Treasury 
1801-04; P-C- 14 May 1804; Comptroller of the Household 1804-12. 
He m., 9 May 1797, in Grosvenor Str., Harriet, sister of William, Earl 
OF Devon, being 5th da. of William (Courtenay), 2nd Viscount Courte- 
nay [de jure Earl of Devon), by Frances, da. of Thomas Clack. She, who 
was b. 7 Sep. 1771, <2'. 13 Apr. 1836. He d. s.p., 19 Feb. 1838, at Dalkeith 
Palace, aged 68.('') Will pr. Apr. 1838. 

VI. 1838 3. John (Thynne), Baron Carteret of Hawnes, br. 

to and h., according to the spec. rem. in the creation of this 

1849. dignity, being 3rd and yst. s. of Thomas, ist Marquess 

of Bath, by Elizabeth, his wife, abovenamed, b. 1% Dec. 
1772; ed. at St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 1794; M.P. (Tory) for 
Weobley, May to Dec. 1796, and for Bath, 1 796-1 832; (•=) Vice Chamberlain 
of the Household, 1804-12; P.C. 11 July 1804. He w., 18 June i8oi,at 
St. Geo., Han. Sq., Mary Anne, ist da. of Thomas Master, of Cirencester 
Abbey, CO. Gloucester, by Mary, sister of James, ist Baron Sherborne, da. 
of James Lenox Dutton, formerly Naper. He d. s.p., 10 Mar. 1849, 
at Hawnes Place, when the Barony became extinct. Will pr. Mar. i849.('') 
His widow, who for many years was Lady of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. 
the Princess Sophia, d. 22 Feb. 1863, in her 86th year, at 13 Chesterfield 
Str., Mayfair, Midx. Will pr. 25 Mar. 1863, under ;^9,ooo. 



CARYLL OF DURFORD 

John Caryll, s. and h. of Sir John C, of West Harting, Sussex, by 
Catherine, da. of William (Petre), 2nd Baron Petre of Writtle, was 
bap. 2 Nov. 1626, at Harting. He was ed. at St. Omer. In 1685 King 



('') In a peerage published in 1789, his seat is given as Compsford, co. Glouces- 
ter. V.G. 

(^) He changed with Wellington on the Catholic emancipation question in 1829, 
and was one of the 22 "stalwarts" who voted against the 3rd reading of the Reform 
Bill, 4 June 1832, after Wellington and the great bulk of the Opposition had decided 
to abstain. For a list of these see Appendix I to this volume. V.G. 

(<=) He changed with Peel on the question of the Corn Laws in 1846. V.G. 

("J) The Carteret estate in Beds passed to his nephew, Lord John Thynne, Canon 
and Sub-Dean of Westminster, who d. 9 Feb. 1881, aged 82, leaving numerous issue. 



70 CARYLL 



James II sent him as Envoy to Pope Innocent at Rome, but shortly re- 
called him, making him in 1686 Secretary of Requests to the Queen 
Consort. With the Royal family he went into exile, being held in great 
esteem by them. A few months after the death of James II, he was cr., 
by the titular ]nmes III, between 8 and 28 Mar. 1701, BARON CARYLL 
OF DURFORDC*) in Harting, Sussex, with rem., failing heirs male of 
his body, to those of his br., Richard Caryll. He m., early in life, Mar- 
garet, da. and coh. of Sir Maurice Drummond. She d. in 1656. He 
^. s.p., 4 Sep. 171 1, at St. Germain-en-laye, aged 86, and was I'ur. (near 
King James II) in the Church of the English Dominicans at Paris. M.I. 
He('') left ;{^ 1 8,000 to John (s. of Richard Caryll) his nephew and 
heir.('=) Will dat. 9 Nov. 1707 to 9 July 171 1.^) 



CARYNTON 

See " Napier of Magdala in Abyssinia and of Carynton, co. Chester,' 
Barony (Napier), cr. 1868. 



CARYSFORT and CARYSFORT OF NORMAN 

CROSS 

BARONY [I.] I. John Proby, "Junior," s. and h. ap. of John P. 

(who d. 16 Mar. 1762), of Elton Hall, co. Huntingdon, 
I. 1752. by Jane, ist da. of John (Leveson-Gower), ist Baron 

GowER OF Stittenham, was <^. 25 Nov. 1720; ed. at 
Jesus Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1741, M.A. 1742; M.P. (Whig) for Stamford, 
1747-54, and for Hunts, 1754-68; Grand Master of Freemasons 1752-54. 
On 23 Jan. 1 752 he was cr. BARON CARYSFORT of Carysfort, co. Wick- 
low [I.], taking his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 7 Oct. 1755. P.C. [I.] 
4 Aug. 1758. Inv. K.B. 23 Mar. 1761. A Lord of the Admiralty Apr. 
to July 1757, and 1763-65. He m., 27 Aug. 1750, EHzabeth, ist da. of 
Joshua (Allen), 2nd Viscount Allen [I.], by Margaret, da. of Samuel 
Du Pass. He d. 18 Oct. 1772, at Lille, in Flanders, and was iur. at Elton, 
Hunts, aged 51. His widow, who was /?ap. 19 July 1722, and who became 
coh. to her only br., the 3rd Viscount Allen [I.] (who d. unm. 1745), d. Mar. 
1783. Will pr. Mar. 1783. 

C') For a list of the Jacobite Peerage see vol. i, Appendix F. 

('') Macaulay wrongly identifies him with his nephew John, the friend and 
correspondent of Pope. V.G. 

('^) See Co//. Top. et Gen., vol. vii, p. 42. See also History of Harting, by 
the Rev. H. D. Gordon, 1877; a valuable and interesting parish-history. 

('*) He was a minor poet and the author of a few plays. For his successors see 
Ruvigny's Jacobite Peerage. 



CARYSFORT 71 

II. 1772. I and 2. John Joshua (Proby), Baron Carysfort 

EARLDOM [I.] [^•}o')ly.s-=i"dh.>^-i^Aug.i75i;ed.atWest^^ 

L J and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 1770, LL.D. r8 1 1 ; 

T j5 D.C.L. Oxford, 3 July 18 10. Took his seat in the 

'^' House of Peers [I.] 12 Oct. 1773. F.R.S. 4 Feb. 1779; 

BARONY [U.K.] K.P., 5 Feb. 1784. On 20 Aug. 1789 he was rr. EARL 

OF CARYSFORT [I.];^) P.C. [L] 26 Sep. 1789; 
I. 1801. Joint Masterofthe Rolls [I.], 1 789-1 801; M. P. (Whig) 

for East Looe Feb. to June 1790, and for Stamford, 
1 790- 1 80 !;('') Envoy to Berlin, 1800-02, being unofficially at St. Peters- 
burg, 1 80 1. On 21 Jan. 1801 he was cr. BARON CARYSFORT of the 
Hundred OF NORMAN CROSS, co. Huntingdon. F.S.A. 17 May 
1804; P.C. 12 Feb. 1806. Joint Postmaster General and a Commissioner 
of the Board of Control 1806-07. He m., istly, 19 Mar. 1774, Elizabeth, 
da. of the Rt. Hon. Sir William Osborne, Bart. [I.], of Newtown, co. 
Tipperary, by Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Christmas, of Whitfield, co. Water- 
ford. She d. Nov. 1783. He m., 2ndly, 12 Apr. 1787, at the house of 
Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart., St. James's Sq., Midx., Elizabeth, sister of 
George, ist Marquess of Buckingham, da. of the Rt. Hon. George 
Grenville, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir William Wyndham, Bart. He d. 
7 Apr. 1828, in Upper Grosvenor Str., Midx, aged l(>.(f) Will pr. May 
1828. His widow, who was b. 24 Oct. 1756, d. s.p.m., 21 Dec. 1842, at 
Huntercombe, near Maidenhead, aged 86. Will pr. Jan. 1843. 

[William Allen Proby, styled Lord ProbYjC*) s. and h. ap. by ist wife, 
^.19 June 1779, and bap. at Marylebone, Midx. Ed. at Rugby School 
from 30 Sep. 1788. Capt. R.N. 1798; M.P. (Whig) for Buckingham, 
1802-04. He ^., 1;./'. and unm., at Surinam, 6 Aug. 1804, o\ yellow fever, 
aged 25, (^) while in command of the Frigate "Amelia." Admon. Jan. 
1806.] 

(^) For this and other creations in the Irish Peerage at this date, see Appendix H to 
this volume. 

(^) He supported Pitt in 1793-1801, but rejoined the Whigs after the latter 
date. V.G. 

(•=) "Esteemed a good and elegant scholar. His temper had yet more goodness and 
elegance to boast of ... [as a pubUc speaker] his utterance is disagreeably slow, tedious 
and hesitating, perpetually interrupted by the interjections Ah! Ah! He votes with 
Administration, and is in favour of the Union." {Sketchei of Irish Political Character, 
1799). He was author oi Dramatic and Narrative Poems (iSro), also of a pamphlet 
advocating electoral reform and short Parliaments, and of a religious essay addressed 
to his children. V.G, 

(^) For some account of courtesy titles of this description, see vol. iv, Appendix E. 

If) "Poor Lord Proby besides being a generous and amiable young man, and likely 
to rise high in his profession, and in the estimation of his country, was also the best 
son and brother that ever was." (Th. Grenville to Lord Grenville, 21 Dec. 1804). 
V.G. 



72 

EARLDOM [l.]] 

II. 



CARYSFORT 



1828. 



2 and 3. John (Proby), Earl of Carysfort, 
£5?c. [I.], also Baron Carysfort of Norman 
Cross [U.K.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and h., i>. 
1780. Ent. Rugby 30 Sep. 1788. He was an 
officer in the army 1794, serving in 1796 at the 
siege of Kehl; in 1800, under Abercromby, in 
Egypt; in Spain, under Moore, at Corunna. He 
was (as Lord Proby) with the Guards at Wal- 
cheren in 1809; was in command of the garrison 
of Cadiz in 1 8 1 1 ; was second in command at the 
defence of Tarifa, and joined Wellington on his retreat from Burgos; 
Major Gen. 18 14; Lieut. Gen. 1830, and General 1846. He was M.P. 
(Whig) for Buckingham, 1805-06, and for Huntingdonshire, 1806-07 and 
1 8 14-18. For the last years of his life he was insane, and consequently 
never took his seat in the House of Lords. He d. unm., at his residence 
at Westbury, near Bristol,(*) 11 June 1855, aged 75. Admon. July 1855. 



BARONY [U.K.] 
IL 

BARONY [I.] 
III. 



EARLDOM [I.]^ 

in. 



BARONY [U.K.] 
III. 

BARONY [I.] 
IV. 



1855. 



3 and 4. Granville Leveson (Proby), Earl 
OF Carysfort, <yc. [I.], also Baron Carysfort 
of Norman Cross [U.K.], yst. br. of the whole 
blood, and h., l>. 1782; ed. at Rugby, 1792-98, 
when he joined the naval service, being present 
at the battles of the Nile and Trafalgar, becom- 
ing Rear Adm. 1 84 1 ; Vice Adm. 1 8 5 1 , and Ad- 
miral (retired) in 1857. HewasM.P. (Whig) for 
CO. Wicklow, 1 8 1 6-29. Sheriff of co. Wicklow 
1 83 1. He m., 5 Apr. 18 18, at St. Geo., Han. 
Sq., Isabella, 2nd da. of the Hon. Hugh Howard (3rd s. of Ralph, ist 
Viscount Wicklow [L]), by Catharine, da. of Robert Bligh, Dean of 
Elphin. She d. 22 Jan. 1836, at Glenart, co. Wicklow. He j. 3 Nov. 
1868, aged 86, at Elton Hall, co. Huntingdon. Will pr. 8 Jan. 1869, 
under ;^6o,ooo [E.] and ;^ 140,000 [I.]. 

[John Joshua Proby, styles/ Lord Proby,('') s. and h. ap., i/. 3 Apr. 
1823; matric. at Oxford (Balliol Coll.) 28 Nov. 1840, B.A. 1844. He d'. 
v.p., unm., 19 Nov. 1858, at "Melrose," Putney, Surrey, aged 35.] 



EARLDOM [I.] ] 
IV. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
IV. 

BARONY [L] 
V. 



4 and 5. Granville Leveson (Proby), Earl 
of Carysfort, i^c. [I.], also Baron Carysfort of 
Norman Cross [U.K.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and 
h., /?. 14 Sep. 1825, at Bushy Park, co. Wick- 
jggg low; Capt. 74th Foot, 1851; M.P. (Liberal) for 
co.Wicklow 1858-68; Comptroller of the House- 
hold, 1859-66; P.C. 6 July 1859; K.P. 2 June 
1869. He m., 19 July 1853, Augusta Maria, 
1st da. of William (Hare), 2nd Earl of 
Listowell [I.], by Maria Augusta, da. of Vice 



{'') Annual Register, 1 855. 

('') See note " d " on previous page. 



CARYSFORT 



73 



Admiral William Windham. He d. s.p., i8 May 1872, at the New York 
Hotel, Florence, aged 46. Will pr. 19 July 1872, under /^ioo,ooo. His 
widow, who was 1^. 31 May 1832,^. 24 Mar. 1 881, at 13 Grosvenor Crescent, 
Midx. Will pr. 9 May 1881, under ;^70,ooo, resworn Apr. 1882, under 
;£ 80,000. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
V. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
V. 

BARONY [I.] 
VI. 



1872 

to 

1909. 



5 and 6. William (Proby), Earl of 
Carysfort [1789], and Baron Carysfort 
[1752] in Ireland, also Baron Carysfort of 
Norman Cross [1801] in the United King- 
dom, yst. br. and h. He was b. 18 Jan. 
1836, at Glenart afsd.; ed. at Eton, and at 
Trin. Coll. Cambridge; B.A. 1858. High 
Sheriff of co. Wicklow 1866; K.P. 31 Aug. 
1874; Lord Lieut, co. Wicklow 1890 till 
his death. He m., 1 1 Apr. i860, at Chingford, 
Essex, Charlotte Mary, ist da. of the Rev. 
Robert Boothby Heathcote, M.A., Rector of Chingford afsd., by 
Charlotte, da. of Admiral Thomas Sotheby, of High Beach, in that co. 
He d. s.p., at Clevehurst, Stoke Poges, 4, and was bur. 9 Sep. 1909, 
at Elton, aged 73, when all his honours became extinct.{f) Will dat. 1 1 Mar. 
1878 to I July 1904, pr. 29 Oct. 1909, over ;^443,ooo, leaving all to his 
wife absolutely. His widow was living 1912. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1 883, consisted of 3,972 acres in Hunts, and 
2,270 in Northants, worth together /, 11,050 a year; besides 16,674 
acres in co. Wicklow; 1,250 in co. Dublin and 1,748 in co. Kildare. Total 
acreage [E. and L] 25,914, worth /^3 1,075 ^ year. Principal Residences. — 
Elton Hall, Northants, and Glenart Castle, co. Wicklow. 

CASEWICK 

See "Kesteven of Casewick., co. Lincoln," Barony {Trollope)^ cr. 1858. 



CASHEL or CASHELL 

See " Somerset of Cashel, co. Tipperary," Viscountcy [I.] {Somerset), 
cr. 1626; extinct 1651. 

See "Bulkeley of Cashel, co. Tipperary," Viscountcy [I.] {Bulkeley), 
cr. 1644; extinct 1822. 

See " MouNTCASHELL OF the City of Cashell," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 
1766; and"MouNTCASHELL OF Cashell," Earldom oi\\.~\ (Moore), cr. i-jSi. 

(^) Originally a Liberal, he became a Unionist in 1886, and after 1890 ranked as 
a Conservative. V.G. 

10 



74 CASSILLIS 

CASKIEBERRY 

i.e. "Lord Auchmoutie and Caskieberry " [S.] (Leslie); cr. 29 May 
1680, with "Rothes," Dukedom of [S.], which see; extinct 168 i. 

CASSILLIS 

EARLDOM [S.] i. David Kennedy, s. and h. of John, 2nd Lord 
, Kennedy [S.], by his ist wife, Elizabeth, da. of Alex- 

^ 9* ander (Montgomerie), ist Lord Montgomerie [S.], 

was knighted by James III 29 Jan. 1487/8; sue. his 
father as 3rd Lord Kennedy [S.], in 1508, and was cr., 23 Oct. I509,(^) 
EARL OF CASSILLIS [S.]. He was P.C. to James IV, with whom he was 
slain at the fatal battle of Flodden.('') He m.^ istly, before July 1489, 
Agnes, 1st da. of William (Borthwick), 3rd Lord Borthwick [S.]. Hew., 
2ndly, about 9 Aug. 1509 (by dispensation), ('') Margaret, widow of 
Alexander, Lord Forbes [S.] (who d. between 1488 and 1491), da. of 
Thomas (Boyd), Earl of Arran [S.], by Mary, ist da. of King James II. 
She, who was living as his widow, 9 Feb. 15 15/6, d. s.f.i^) He d.^ as 
above mentioned, 9 Sep. 15 13. 

II. 1513- 2. Gilbert (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, 67'c. [S.], 

s. and h., by ist wife. He was P.C. to James V, by 
whom he was twice sent on an embassy to England, taking the part of the 
Queen Dowager against the Earl of Angus. He was of the French 
faction and supported the Regent Albany, and was one of those in charge 
of the young King in 1 523. Having joined in the unsuccessful attempt of 
the Earl of Lennox to rescue the King from the Douglas faction, he was a 
prisoner in the hands of the Earl of Arran in Dec. 1526.0 He m. Isabel, 
2nd da. of Archibald (Campbell), 2nd Earl of Argyll [S.], by EHzabeth, 
da. of John (Stuart), Earl of Lennox [S.]. He d. between 24 and 
30 Aug.(') 1527, being slain by Sir Hugh Campbell, of Loudoun, at the 
Pow [Burn?] of Prestwick, co. Ayr. 

III. 1527. 3. Gilbert (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, ^z. [S.], 

s. and h., (^. 151 5; ed. at the Univ. of St. Andrew's, and 
subsequently (under the celebrated George Buchanan) at Paris. On 6 Feb. 

C) The grant being held to be to helri mate, according to the decision of 22 Jan. 
1762. 

('') For a list of Scottish peers there slain see vol. v, Appendix D. 

(f) Diocesan Register of Glasgow (1875), vol. ii, no. 405. 

{^) See note by J. Bain, F.S.A., Scot., in The Genealogist, N.S., vol. iii, p. 64. 

if) He was tried for the murder of Martin Kennedy of Lochland, in 1525, and 
acquitted through the influence of his br. in law, the Earl of Argyll. V.G. 

(^ Scots Peerage, sub "Cassillis" and "Loudoun" says he d. Sep., but the news 
of his death had reached Edinburgh by 31 Aug., when there is a grant of the ward of 
his lands (Reg. Sec. Sig. I, no. 3878; ex inform. J. Maitland Thomson). V.G. 



CASSILLIS 75 

1 540/ 1, he had a charter of the Fief of Cassillis, &'c., to himself and the 
heirs male of his body,(^) with divers remainders over. He was taken 
prisoner by the English at Solway Moss, 24 Nov. I542,('') but finally 
discharged in Feb. 1545. Extraordinary Lord of Session 1546 till his 
death; he shared in the Scottish defeat at Pinkie 10 Sep. 1547. He 
became a Protestant,('=) and went over to the English party.('') High 
Treasurer [S.], 1554. He was one of the 8 members chosen to represent 
his country at the marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots, with the Dauphin of 
France, which was celebrated at Paris 24 Apr. 1558. The sudden death of 
no less than 4 {^) of these (who had opposed the French views as to the 
settlement of the Scottish crown) led to a strong suspicion of poison. He 
m.y in 1 540, Margery, widow of William Wallace, of Craigie, and da. of 
Alexander Kennedy, of Bargeny. He d. at Dieppe, 28 Nov. 1558, and 
was i?ur. with his ancestors at Maybole. Will dat. at Dieppe 8 Nov. 1558. 
His widow's will pr. at Edinburgh 12 Jan. 1596/7. 

IV. 1558. 4. Gilbert (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, tfc. [S.], 

s. and h., ^. about 1541. He was a Rom. Cath., but 
became a Protestant after his marriage. He was P.C. to Queen Mary 
1562, and fought on her behalf at Langside, 13 May 1568. For the 
purpose of obtaining a lease of tithes he was guilty of horrible cruelty 
in torturing the commendator of Crossraguel in 1570, for which he was 
compelled to find security for ;^2,ooo.(*) He joined the King's party at 
Stirling in 1571. He m., in 1566 (cont. dat. 30 Sep. 1566), Margaret 
(tocher 10,000 merks), da. of John (Lyon), 7th Lord Glamis [S.], by 
Janet, da. of Robert Keith, Master of Marischal, s. and h. ap. of William, 
Earl Marischal [S.]. He d. 14 Dec. 1576, through a fall from his 
horse.(s) His widow m., between 30 Dec. 1577 and 10 Feb. 1578, John 
(Hamilton), ist Marquess of Hamilton [S.], who d. 6 Apr. 1604, in 
his 72nd year. She d. 1626, at Evandail. 

(^) See infra, p. 79, note "a," as to a conjectural effect of this charter. 

('') The other Scots Lords taken prisoners at the same time were William, Earl of 
Glencairn, John, Earl of Monteith, Malcolm, Lord Fleming, Robert, Lord Max- 
well, Patrick, Lord Gray, Lawrence, Lord Oliphant, James, afterwards Lord 
Somerville, and Robert, s. and h. ap. of John, Lord Erskine. V.G. 

("=) Archbishop Cranmer, to whose custody he was committed, is said to have 
effected his conversion. 

(<') In May 1545 he offered to the English Council to have Cardinal Beaton 
assassinated, and received the reply that the King did not mislike the offer! V.G. 

(^) Lord Fleming d. in Paris 1 5 Dec, and the Earl of Cassillis, the Earl of Rothes, 
and Bishop Reid (President of the Session), d. at Dieppe, all three in one night, 
28 Nov. 1558, while the Earl of Moray felt the ill effects for the rest of his life. 

(') " Ane particular manne and ane werry greidy manne, and cairitt nocht how he 
gott land, so that he culd cum be the samin." {History of the Kennedys). V.G. 

(s) His next br.. Sir Thomas Kennedy, of Culzean, being his h. presumptive, was 
sometime sty/ed Master of Cassillis. He d. in 1602, being ancestor of the 9th and 
succeeding Earls of Cassillis. 



76 CASSILLIS 

V. 1576. 5. John (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, iifc. [S.], s. 

and h., b. 1575. High Treasurer [S.] 22 Mar. 1598/9, 
but removed therefrom 1599. He w., Nov. 1597 (cont. dat. 4 Nov.), 
Jean, widow of John (Maitland), ist Lord Maitland of Thirlistane 
[S.], only da. and h. of James (Fleming), 4th Lord Fleming [S.], by- 
Barbara, da. of James (Hamilton), Earl of Arran [S.], Regent of 
Scotland. The desire " to keep his estate entire " was the cause of his 
marriage with a woman past child bearing. He was warded in Blackness 
I Nov. 1604, for assaulting his wife. She d. 23 June 1609, aged 55, and 
was bur. at Haddington with her ist husband. He d. s.p., Oct. 161 5. 

VL 1 61 5. 6. John (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, i^c. [S.], 

nephew and h., being s. and h. of Hew Kennedy, some- 
times styled Master of Cassillis, by Katherine, da. of Uchtred Mac- 
dowall, of Garthland, which Hugh was next br. and h. presumptive of the 
last Earl, and d. before 25 Mar. 1607. He, who was served heir to his 
uncle 25 July 1616, was called "the grave and solemn Earl." He was a 
zealous Presbyterian and one of the 3 Elders sent to the Divines at Westm., 
in 1643, to ratify " the solemn league." He was also sent to Charles I in 
Sep. 1646 to urge him to accept the English propositions; and to Charles II 
at Breda in Mar. 1649, with other instructions from Pari. Justice Gen. 
and an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1649 to 1 651, at which date, after 
the defeat of Worcester, he resigned office. He was, however, appointed 
one of the 62 members of Cromwell's " House of Lords," but did not 
sit.(^) Appointed P.C. [S.] 13 Feb. 1 660/1. From June 1661 to July 
1662 he was again one of the 4 Extraordinary Lords of Session [S.]. 
He m., istly, he under age and she under 15 (cont. dat. Edinburgh 21 Dec. 
1621, "Whitehall 7 Jan. 1621/2), Jean, 5th da. of Thomas (Hamilton), 
1st Earl of Haddington [S.], being 3rd da. by his 2nd wife, Margaret, 
da. of James Foulis. She, who was b. at Edinburgh, 5 Feb. 1607, d. 
shortly before 15 Dec. 1642, and was bur. 5 Jan. 1642/3, at Maybole.('') 

(') See a list of these in vol. iv. Appendix G. 

C") She is supposed to have been the heroine of the ballad of " The Gypsie Laddie " : 
"The gypsies they cam' to Lord Casillis 'yett. 
And oh, but they sang bonnie: 
They sang sae sweet, and sae complete. 
That doun came our fair Ladie. 
She cam' tripping down the stairs, 
With a' her maids before her 
As soon as they saw her weel-far'd face, 
They cast their glamourie owre her." 
According, however, to another tradition, the lover was not a gipsy " laddie " who 
thus bewitched her, but Sir John Faa, of Dunbar, to whom she had been attached 
before her marriage with the " solemn Earl." Anyhow, having been recaptured, she 
d. at or near Maybole. The story is altogether mythical, and is discredited by a 
letter written shortly after her death by her husband, speaking of her with great 
respect and tenderness. 



CASSILLIS 77 

He w., indly (cont. dat. 20 Feb. 1643/4), Margaret, widow of Henry 
Ker, Master of Roxburgh, styled Lord Ker (who d. Jan. 1643), 'i^- o^ 
William (Hay), Earl of Erroll [S.], by Anne, da. of Patrick (Lyon), 
Earl of Kinghorn [S.]. He d. Apr. i668.('') His widow, who was 
sister and sole h. of Gilbert, Earl of Erroll [S.] (who d. s.p. 1675), was 
bur. 22 Apr. 1695, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Midx. Will dat. 12 Apr., 
pr. 4 July 1695. 

[James Kennedy, Master of Cassillis, j/y/fd'LoRD Kennedy, s. and h. 
ap., being only s. by ist wife, d. unm. and v.p.^ between 29 Sep. 1642 and 
7 Feb. 1662/3.] 

Vn. 1668. 7. John (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, {sPc. [S.], 

2nd, but only surv. s. and h., being only s. by 2nd wife, 
was served h. male and of line 22 Sep. 1668. In 1670 he was the only 
person in Pari, who voted against the act for punishing conventicles, and 
for his illegal protection of them was outlawed. He entered heartily into 
the Revolution movement, and was P.C. [S.] in 1689 to William III, and 
a Lord of the Treasury [S.] 1689-95. ^^ "^-i istly(cont. 26 C") Dec. 1668), 
Susan, 2nd and yst. sister of hnwt, suo jure Duchess of Hamilton [S.], da. 
of James (Hamilton), ist Duke of Hamilton [S.], by Mary, da. of 
William (Feilding), ist Earl of Denbigh. He »/., 2ndly, 27 Feb. 1697/8, 
at St. Paul's, Covent Garden, Midx., "Mrs. Mary Fox [or Foix] of St. 
Giles's-in-the-Fields," da. of John Fox, of Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, by Mary, 
da. of Thomas Weld, of Richmond, Surrey, citizen and grocer of London. 
He d. 23 July 1701. His widow d. at Kensington, 12, and was bur. 17 Sep. 
1746, at St. BarthoIomew-the-Less, London.('^) 

[John Kennedy, Master of Cassillis, .«/y/f^ Lord Kennedy, s. and h. 
ap., being only s. by ist wife, w., 18 June 1697 (cont. dat. 15, lie. at 
Fac. Off., he about 25, she about 20), "at Ely House,"('^) Elizabeth, 

(') " He is continually referred to in the Lauderdale Papers as a proud obstinate old 
man, dressed in strange fashion, and eccentric in language and opinions ... he refused 
for fear or favour to betray his rigid Presbyterian principles by taking the oath of 
allegiance which in his eyes implied the Royal Supremacy in ecclesiastical affairs." 
{Camden Misc.y vol. viii, Preface to Letters addressed to the Earl of Lauderdale). V.G. 

Margaret his 1st da. (by his ist wife) m. in 1669, or 1670, Gilbert Burnet, then 
Professor of Divinity at Glasgow, but afterwards (1689-1715) the well-known Whig 
Bishop of Salisbury. 

('') So in Privy Seat Register; Scots Peerage says 20 Dec. V.G. 

See pedigree of Fox in Misc. Top. et Gen., N.S., vol. i, p. 1 13. See also Robertson 
(p. 246), as to a claim of privilege of Peerage made "by the Ladies Mordington and 
Cassillis" for keeping gaming houses, disallowed by the House of Lords 29 Apr. 174S. 

(<') The marriage is not reg. at St. Andrew's, Holborn (where "Ely House" was, 
presumably, situated), but at St.^Martin's-in-the-Fields, Midx., on 21 July [sic] 1697, 
though there stated to have taken place on 18 June [j;V] ; tlie entry (with some 
others from 18 Jan. 1696/7 to 19 Aug. 1697) being on fly-leaf of "Vol. of Marriages 



78 



CASSILLIS 



da. of Charles Hutchinson, of Owthorpe, Notts. He d. v.p. 1700. His 
widow m., 22 Mar. 1701, at Edinburgh, as 2nd wife, John (Hamilton), 
Earl of Selkirk, and of Ruglen [S.]. She^. at Barnton, 10, and was bur. 
16 Mar. 1733/4, in Holyrood Abbey. He^. s.p.m.s., 3 Dec. 1744, aged 80.] 

VIII, 1701 8. John (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, tfc. [S.], 

grandson and h., being only s. and h. of John Kennedy, 
* ° styled Lord Kennedy, by Elizabeth, his wife abovenamed. 

1759. He was b. Apr. 1700. In 1747 he was allowed ;^ 1,800 
(in full for his claim for ;ri3,ioo) for the Regality of Car- 
rick, under the Act aboHshing heritable jurisdictions. He was Gov. of 
Dunbarton Castle c. 1737 till his death. He m. (cont. 25 Sep. and 6 Oct.), 
24 or 26 Oct. 1738, his ist cousin, Susan (with ;^8,ooo), yst. da. of (his 
stepfather) John (Hamilton), Earl of Selkirk and of Ruglen [S.] 
abovenamed, by (his father's sister of the whole blood) Anne, da. of John 
(Kennedy), 7th Earl of Cassillis [S.], the first wife of the said Earl of 
Selkirk. Having executed (unknown to his wife) a strict entail of the 
estate of Cassillis, on 29 Mar. 1759, in favour of his distant cousins and 
heirs male, he d. s.p., in ArHngton Str., Midx., 7, and was bur. 14 Aug. 
1759, at St. James's, Westm., but, in June 1760, was removed to May- 
bole. (^) His widow, who was b. i Nov. 1699, d. at Barnton, 8, and was 
bur. 19 Feb. 1763, in the Abbey of Holyrood House. 

[From 1759 to 1762 these honours were in dispute between the heir 
male and the heir general. The latter, William (Douglas), Earl of 
Ruglen and of March [S.], who, in 1778, became Duke of Queensberry, 
was s. and h. of WiUiam (Douglas), Earl of March [S.], by Anne, suo 
jure Countess of Ruglen [S.], ist da. and h. of line of John (Hamilton), 
Earl of Selkirk and of Ruglen [S.], by his ist wife, Anne, the only da. 
that had Issue of John (Kennedy), 7th Earl of Cassillis [S.] abovenamed. 
He claimed the estates under an entail of 5 Sep. 1698, which he contended 
could not be set aside by the entail of 1759. The entail of 1759 was how- 
ever upheld, though by a narrow majority, in the Court of Session, and 
confirmed, on appeal, by the House of Lords. He then, under the designa- 
tion oi '■'■^WYi-i.m, Earl of Cassillis, Ruglen and March," claimed "the titles 
and honours of Earl of Cassillis and Lord Kennedy," on the ground of 

1695-1 7 id" and relating to persons "married out of our parish, but pay'd the dues 
which is ten shillings." In it he is described as "John, Lord Kennedy." G.E.C. In 
her funeral entry in Lyon office she is described as da. of Sir Thomas Hutcheson, by 
his wife, a da. of Sir Francis Boteler. V.G. 

(^) At one of the assemblies in Edinburgh, "the Countess of Panmure .... ob- 
serving her nephew [rectius cousin], the Earl of Cassills, flustered while paying his 
compliments to her, rose from her chair, and taking him by the hand said ' Nephew, 
you have sat too late after dinner to be proper company for ladies.' She then led him 
to the door, and calling out 'My Lord Cassills' chair!' wished him good-night." 
{Scotland and Scotsmen in the Eighteenth Century; ex inform. Bright Brown). V.G. 



CASSILLIS 79 

certain charters of 24 Apr. 1641 and 29 Sep. i642.(*) Sir Thomas Ken- 
nedy, Bart. [S.], claimed the said titles as heir male, and the two petitions 
having been laid before the House of Lords, it was adjudged, 27 Jan. 1762 
that the latter had a right "to the honour and dignity of Earl of Cassillis 
as heir male of the body of David, the ist Earl of Cassillis, and [to that] of 
Lord Kennedy C") as heir male of the body of Gilbert, the ist Lord Ken- 
nedy."] 



IX. [1759]. 9. Thomas (Kennedy), Earl OF Cassillis [S.], cousin 

and h. male, being 2nd surv. s. (out of 12 sons) of Sir 
1762. John K., Bart. [S.], by Jean, da. of Capt. Andrew 

Douglas, of Mains, co. Dunbarton, which Sir John 
was s. and h. of Sir Archibald Kennedy, Bart. [S.] (so cr. 1682), 
who was s. and h. of John K. of Culzean, co. Ayr, s. and h. of Sir Alex- 
ander K. of the same, s. of Sir Thomas K. also of the same, who was 2nd 
s. of Gilbert, 3rd Earl of Cassillis [S.] abovenamed. He was an officer in 
the Army and served in Flanders, and on the death i./)., 10 Apr. 1744, of 
his 1st br., Sir John Kennedy, Bart. [S.], sue. to the Baronetcy and to the 
family estate of Culzean ; and in 1759 to the right to the Cassillis estates 
and title. By the decision of 27 Jan. 1762 above mentioned, he was re- 
cognised as Earl of Cassillis and Lord Kennedy [S.]. Rep. Peer [S.] 
1774 till his death. He d. unm. at Culzean, 30 Nov. 1775. Will pr. 
Mar. 1776. 



X. 1775. 10. David (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis, i^c. [S.], 

only surv. br. and h. In 1 752 he was admitted a Member 

(*) That these two charters were "inept as to the honours'''' is shown in Riddell, 
p. 558, who seems, however, to consider the original grant to have been one to heirs 
general, and states that even the very '■'■ratio adopted by Lord Mansfield in [this] 
Cassillis case should have justly given the Peerage to the heirs female." {jh. p. 567). 
Riddell's style, however, is somewhat obscure and involved, and may be construed 
{ih. p. 560, i^c.) as expressing (i) a doubt, whether the charter of 6 Feb. 1540/1 
(proceeding on resignation), should not operate either as a reconveyance of the honours 
to heirs male, or as a reversal of the ordinary presumption in favour of '\\€\x'i general \ 
and (2) a suggestion that the original charter constituting the Earldom [now, but, 
perhaps, not then lost), was in favour of heirs male, and so that, though Lord Mans- 
field's reasons were all wrong, the result arrived at may have been right. 

C') "The old dignity of Lord Kennedy [1450] was allowed to the heir wa^ upon 
Lord Mansfield's untenable ratio in 1762. It is not in the most remote manner 
carried by any of the deeds referred to, nor did it take its name from, or give it to a 
fief, however feudal the form of creation may have been ; so that this Peerage, dif- 
ferent so far from Lovat, may he the more argued to be affected by the principles of 
our [S.] common law, in favour of heirs general (having never passed the latter), as 
directly warranted by the decision of the Session in 1633, in the case of Oliphant, 
the precedents of Salton and Athol, isc" {Riddell, p. 577). 



8o CASSILLIS 

of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh. M.P.(*) for Ayrshire 1768-74. 
Rep. Peer [S.] i 776-90. C") On 2 Feb. 1790 he entailed the estates both of 
CassilHs and of Culzean on the heirs male of the family. He d. unm., 
18 Dec. 1792, at Culzean, of the gout, when the Baronetcy [S.] cr. 1682 
became extinct^ but the Peerage devolved as under. 

XI. 1792. II. Archibald (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis and 

Lord Kennedy [S.], cousin and h. male, being only s. and 
h. of Archibald K., Collector of Customs in New York, by ( — ), da. of ( — ) 
MussAM, which last named Archibald was 2nd s. of Alexander Kennedy, of 
Craigoch, 2nd s. of Sir Alexander K., of Culzean above mentioned, who was 
s. of Sir Thomas K. of the same, the 2nd s. of Gilbert, 3rd Earl of Cassillis 
[S.] as before stated. He was a Capt. R.N. 1757, and had subsequently 
command of a squadron off North America; was on the superannuated list 
1788. Hew., I stly, Katherine, only da. of Peter Schuyler, of New Jersey, 
by Hester, only da. of John Walter. She brought him large property in 
New York, and d. s.p., before 21 Jan. 1768. He m., 2ndly, 27 Apr. 1769, 
Anne, da. of John Watts, of New York, by a sister of Governor de Lancy. 
She was a cousin of his ist wife. She d. at Edinburgh, 29 Dec. 1793, and 
was bur. i Jan. 1794, at Holyrood. Admon. Jan. 1852. He d. 30 Dec. 
1794, in London. Will pr. Feb. 1795. 

XII. 1794. 12. Archibald (Kennedy), Earl of Cassillis and 

Lord Kennedy [S.], s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. Feb. 1770. 
On 12 Nov. 1806 he was cr. BARON AILSA of Ailsa, co. Ayr, and on 
10 Sep. 1 83 1, was cr. MARQUESS OF AILSA of the Isle of Ailsa, co. 
Ayr. See "Ailsa," Marquessate of, cr. 1831. 



CASTELBIANCO 

Jose de Bozas, Conde del Castelbianco, a chevalier of the order of 
Alcantara, was cr. 4 Feb. 1 716/7, by the titular King James III, DUKE 
OF CASTELBIANCO, DUKE OF ST. ALBANS, MARQUESS OF 
BORLAND, EARL OF FORDAN, VISCOUNT OF THE BASS, 
and LORD DIVRON [S.]. He m., istly, Mary, 5th da. of John 
Drummond, titular Duke of Melfort, being 2nd da. by his 2nd wife, 
Euphemia, da. of Sir Thomas Wallace, of Craigie. She d. s.p. 17 13. 
He m., 2ndly (Papal disp.), Frances, next yr. sister of his ist wife. She 
d. 1726. He left a s. and h., who m. a Spanish heiress and had issue. 
See for an account of the Jacobite Peerage, vol. i, Appendix F. 



(*) He supported the Whigs in the Upper House and voted against Pitt's 
Regency Bill. V.G. 

('') He was not Rep. Peer till his death, as in Scoti Peerage. V.G. 



CASTLECOMER 8i 



CASTILE AND LEON 

John,(*) styled "of Gant," Duke of Lancaster, ^c, was sum. to 
Pari. 6 Oct. (1372) 46 Edw. Ill, by writ directed charissimo filio nostra 
Johanni Regi Castelk et Legionis Duci Lancastrie, being so sum. also by suc- 
ceeding writs issued by Edward III and Richard II down to 3 Sep. (1385) 
9 Ric. II, but never subsequently under that denomination. Shortly 
after the resignation of this Royal title he was, on 2 Mar. 1389/90, cr. in 
Pari. DUKE OF AQUITAINE for life, and on 23 July and 8 Sep. 
1392 was sum. to Pari, as Duke ot Aquitaine and Lancaster. See 
under "Aquitaine," and see fuller account under "Lancaster," Duke- 
dom of, cr. 1362. 



CASTLEBAR 

i.e. "Castlebar," Barony [1.] (Savi/e), cr. 1628 with the Viscountcy 
of Savile [I.]; see "Sussex," Earldom of, cr. 1644, both Peerages becoming 
e.xtinct 1671. 

i.e. "Gage of Castlebar, co. Mayo," Barony [I.] (Gage), cr. 14 Sep. 
1 720, with " Gage of Castle Island," Viscountcy [I.]. See under " Gage." 

See "Lucan of Castlebar, co. Mayo," Barony [I.] {Bingham), cr. 1776. 

CASTLE BLAKENEY 

See "Blakeney of Castle Blakeney, co. Galway," Barony, [I.] (Blake- 
tiey), cr. 1756; extinct 1761. 

CASTLEBORO 

i.e. "Carew of Castleboro, CO. Wexford," Barony {Carew),cr. 1838; 
see "Carew of go. Wexford," Barony [I.], cr. 1834. 

CASTLECOMER 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Christopher Wandesford, s. and h. of Sir 

Christopher W., of Kirklington, co. York, Bart, (so 
I. 1707. cr. 1662), by Eleanor, da. of Sir John Lowther, 

1st Bart. [S. 1640], of Lowther, Westmorland, was 
k 19 Aug. 1656; ed. at Cambridge. M.P. for Ripon 1679-81, and for 
St. Canice [I.] 1692-1707; SherifF of Yorkshire 1689-90. He sue. his father 
in Feb. 1686/7; was attainted in the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 1689; 
P.C. [I.] 10 May 1 695, and again June 1 702. He was cr., 1 5 Mar. 1 706/7, 
BARON WANDESFORD^ AND VISCOUNT CASTLECOMER co. 
Kilkenny [I.]. He m. (marr. settl. 20 Apr. 1683), in 1683, Elizabeth, da. 



(') As to his supposed name of "Plantagenet" see vol. i, p. 183, note "c." 

II 



82 CASTLECOMER 

of the Hon. George Montagu, of Horton, Northants (s. of Henry, ist 
Earl of Manchester), by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Anthony Irby. He d. in 
London, 15, and was bur. 24 Sep. 1707, at Kirklington, aged 51. Will pr. 
17 1 5. His widow d. 13 Nov. 1731. Will, in which she desires to be bur. 
at St. Katharine's by the Tower of London, dat. 26 Apr. 1 729, pr. 6 Dec. 1 73 1 . 

II. 1707. 2. Christopher (Wandesford), Viscount Castle- 

comer, tfc. [I.], s. and h., bap. at St. Margaret's, Westm., 
2 Mar. 1683/4; ent. Trin. Coll. Dublin 10 Mar. 1701/2 as Fellow Com., 
B.A. 1704; M.P. for St. Canice [I.] July-Sep. 1707. He was M.P. (Whig) 
for Morpeth, 1 7 lo-i 3 ;again elected therefor 171 5, but sat for Ripon, 1715 till 
his death; P.C. [I.] app. 25 Apr. 17 10; a Governor of Kilkenny, 171 5. (^) 
He m., 1717, Frances, sister of Thomas, ist Duke of Newcastle, da. of 
Thomas (Pelham), ist Baron Pelham of Laughton, by his 2nd wife, 
Grace, da. of Gilbert (Holles), Earl of Clare. He d. 23 June 17 19, in 
Newport Str., London, and was bur. at Charlton, Kent, aged 35. Will pr. 
Oct. 1719. His widow d. s.p.s., 27 June 1756. Admon. 23 Sep. 1756. 

III. 1719- 3- Christopher (Wandesford), Viscount Castle- 

coMER, &c. [I.], only child and h., b. 17 17. He d. of the 
small pox, in his 19th year, and unm., 8, and was bur. 10 May 1736, at St. 
James's, Westm. Admon. 12 June 1736 and 10 Feb. 1756. 

IV. 1736. 4. George (Wandesford), Viscount Castlecomer, 

iifc. [I.], uncle and h., being 2nd s. of the ist Viscount, 
iap. at Kirklington, 22 Sep. 1687; ent. Trin. Coll. Dublin 9 Nov. 1706 as 
Pensioner, aged 16 [sic, query 19!*]. Sometime Capt. in Hotham's Regt. of 
Foot. He m. (lie. Cork, 17 10) Susanna, da. of the Rev. John Griffith, 
Archdeacon of Killaloe, by Susanna, da. of Capt. Epenetus Crosse, of 
Crosse's Green, co. Cork. He d'. 25 June 1 751, in St. Stephen's Green, 
and was bur. at St. Anne's, Dublin, aged 64. Will pr. 1 75 1 . His widow d. 
10 Sep. 1757. 

(^) The Book of Dignities, Professor Frith in Did. Nat. Biog., and other authorities 
state that Lord Castlecomer held the office of Secretary at War from Mar. to May 
1 7 1 8. The appointment is not noted in The London Gazette, and although The Political 
State of Great Britain for Mar. 1718 records that "about this time" he was "made 
Secretary at War in the room of Mr. Secretary Craggs," the same publication in 
May 17x8 says that Robert Pringle (who in Haydn appears as Castlecomer's successor) 
was "made Secretary at War in the room of James Craggs, Esq., one of His Majesty's 
principal Secretaries of State," no mention being made of Castlecomer. No new writ 
issued for Ripon at this time in place of Castlecomer, whose seat would necessarily 
have been vacated by his acceptance of office. An examination of the War Office 
general letter book shows that his rumoured appointment to the Secretaryship at War 
did not take place, and that in fact he never held that post, {ex inform, the Rev. A. 
B. Beaven). V.G. 



CASTLECOMER 83 

V. 1 75 1 5. John (Wandesford), Viscount Castlecomer AND 

to Baron Wandesford [I.], also a Baronet [1662], only 

1784. surv. s. and h., bap. 24 May 1725, at Ripon. He took 

his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 1751. On 15 Aug. 

1758 he was «-. EARL WANDESFORD, CO. Kilkenny [I.]. Hew., 1 1 Aug. 

1750, Agnes Elizabeth, da. and h. of John Southwell, of Enniscouch, 

CO. Limerick, by Sarah, ist da. of Henry Rose, a Justice of the King's 

Bench [I.]. She d. 21 Apr. 178 i, at Castlecomer, co. Kilkenny. Will pr. 

1784. He d. s.p.m.s., 12 Jan. 1784, at Castlecomer, and was bur. there, 

aged 59, when his Peerage dignities as well as the Baronetcy became 

extinct.i^) Will dat. 28 Nov. 1772, pr. 8 May 1784. 

CASTLE CONNELL or CONNELL 

See "Bourke of Connell," Barony [L](5oKr^(?),cr. i ^io\ forfeited \6()i. 

CASTLE COOLE 

See "Belmore of Castle Coole, co. Fermanagh," Barony [L] {Lowry- 
Corry), cr. 178 i. 

CASTLE COOTE 

i.e. " CooTE OF Castle Coote, co. Roscommon," Viscountcy [I.] {Coote), 
cr. 6 Sep. 1660, with "Mountrath," Earldom of [L], which see; extinct 
1802. 



BARONY [L] I. Charles Henry (Coote), Earl of Mountrath, 

Viscount Coote of Castle Coote, and Baron Coote of 
L 1800. Castle Cuffe [L], as also a Baronet [I.], who, in Aug. 

1744, had sue. his father in those honours, having no 
heir expectant to his peerage dignities, was, on 3 1 July 1 8oo,('') cr. BARON 
CASTLE COOTE [L], with a spec, rem., failing the heirs male of his body, 
to his kinsman, Charles Henry Coote. He d. s.p., 2 Mar. 1802, at Straw- 
berry Hill, CO. Devon, when the Peerages he had inherited became extinct 
(see fuller account under "Mountrath," Earldom of [I.], cr. 1660; extinct 
1802), but the Barony of 1800 devolved as under. 

(^) His son, John Wandesford, styled Viscount Castlecomer, h. 23 Apr. 1753, 
d. young and v.p. Ann, his only da. who had issue, to., 13 Feb. 1769, John Butler, 
who by "decision of the House of Lords [I.] in 1791 became Earl of Ormonde [I.]. 
Their 4th and yst. s., the Hon. Charles Harward Butler-Clarke-Southwell-Wandes- 
ford, sue. to the estates of the families of Wandesford and Southwell, and d. 7 Nov. 
i860, aged 79, leaving issue. 

(*>) This was one of the many peerages recommended by Lord Cornwallis as a re- 
ward for supporting the Union, and one of 16 cr. on the same day. See Appen- 
dix H to this volume. V.G. 



84 



CASTLE COOTE 



II. 1802. 2. Charles Henry (Coote), Baron Castle CooTE [I.], 

sue. to that title under the spec. rem. in the patent of 
31 July 1800. He was s. and h. of Charles Coote, Dean of Kilfenora, by- 
Grace, da. of Thomas Tilson, which Charles was yr. br. of Robert Coote (*) 
of Ash Hill, CO. Limerick, both being sons of the Rev. Chidley C, of the 
same, D.D., who was s. of Chidley C., of Killester, co. Dublin, yr. br. of 
Charles, ist Earl of Mountrath [I.], both being sons of Sir Charles Coote, 
Bart. [I.], so cr. 1621. He was ^. 25 Aug. 1754. M.P. for Queen's 
County 1776-83, for Maryborough 1783-97, and for Queen's County 
again 1 797-1 802. Genealogist to the Order of St. Patrick. 1 783-1 804; 
Commissioner of Barracks [I.] 1788-89; of Accounts [I.] 1789-95; of Cus- 
toms [1.] 1795-99 and 1802-03, and (First Commissioner) 1806 till his 
death, and of Excise [I.] 1 799-1 806. P.C. [I.] 23 Dec. 1800. He m., 
22 May 1779, Elizabeth Anne, ist da. and coh. of the Rev. Henry Tilson, 
D.D., of Eagle Hill, co. Kildare, by Anne, da. of William Bushe, of Cork 
Abbey. She i/. in Dublin 18 Jan. 1821. He d'. 22 Jan. 1823, at Leopards- 
town, his seat near Dublin, aged 68.('') Will pr. Jan. 1824. 

IIL 1823 3. Eyre Tilson (Coote), Baron Castle Coote [L], 

to 3rd, but only surv. s. and h.,('^) i>. 21 Sep. 1793. Sheriff 

1827. of CO. Dublin 1818. He m., July 1822, Barbara, 2nd 

da. and coh. of Sir Joshua Colles Meredyth, Bart. [L], 

of Greenhills, co. Kildare, by his ist wife, Maria, da. and h. of Laurence 

Coyne Nugent, of co. Westmeath. He tJ. s.p., 24 Mar. 1827, at Paris, 

aged 33, when his Peerage became extinct.(^) Will pr. Oct. 1827. His 

widow m., July 1828, Joseph (Leeson), 4th Earl of Milltown [I.], who 

d. 31 Jan. 1866, aged 66. She d. 14 Feb. 1874, at De Vesci Terrace, 

Kensington. 

CASTLE CUFFE 

i.e. "Coote OF Castle Cuffe," Barony [I.] {Coote)^cr. 6 Sep. 1660 with 
"Mountrath," Earldom of [I.], which see; extinct 1802. 

i.e. "Castle Cuffe," Viscountcy [I.] {Cuffe), cr. 20 Dec. 1793, with 
"Desart," Earldom of [L], which see. 

(*) Charles Henry Coote, grandson and h. of this Robert, became, in 1802, on the 
death of the Earl of Mountrath, the head of the family, and, as such, inherited the 
Baronetcy [I.] conferred in 1 62 1 on his ancestor. 

C') The Rev. John R. Scott, in A Review of the Irish House of Commons, 1789, 
mentions his amiable character, " his worthy mind, his friendly temper, and his generous 
heart," and that his delivery has " a wonderful tendency to dispose an audience to 
sleep;" and concludes, "He is invariable in his attachment to the Minister, and un- 
deviating in the support of the schemes and measures of administration. The two sheet 
anchors of pension and place prevent all variation in his conduct." V.G. 

(') The 1st s., Charles Henry, i. 22 May i 781, Lieut. Col. of the Queen's County 
Militia, d. at Leopardstown, near Dublin, 5 Sep. 1 8 10. The 2nd s., William Burke 
Conyngham Coote, b. 28 Aug. 1787, d. at sea 3 May 1799. V.G. 

i^) It was used as one of the extinctions required (under the Act of Union) for the 
creation, in 1831, of the Viscountcy of Guillamore. 



CASTLE GORE 85 

CASTLE DAWSON 

See "Cremorne of Castle Dawson, co. Monaghan," Barony [I.] {Daw- 
son), cr. 1797. 

CASTLE DONINGTON 

See"GRANARD OF Castle DoNiNGTON, CO. Leicester," Barony (Gra«ar^), 
cr. 1806. 

CASTLE DURROW 

BARONY [I.] I. William Flower, s. and h. of Thomas F., of 

Finglass, co. Dublin, and of Durrow, co. Kilkenny {d. 

I. 1733. July 1700), by his ist wife, Mary, sister of Henry, 

1st Viscount Palmerston [1.], da. of Sir John Temple, 
Speaker of the House of Commons [1.], was bap. ii Mar. 1685; matric. 
at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 21 July 1701, aged 16; was M.P. for co. Kilkenny, 
1715-27; for Portarlington, 1727-33; High Sheriff for co. Kilkenny, 1731. 
On 27 Oct. 1733, he was cr. BARON CASTLE DURROW,0 co. 
Kilkenny [I.], taking his seat 2 Nov. following. P.C. [I.] 15 Nov. 1735. 
He m., before 1717, Edith, da. of the Hon. Toby Caulfeild, of Clone, co. 
Kilkenny (3rd s. of William, ist Viscount Charlemont [L]), by Rebecca, 
da. of Oliver Walsh, of Ballykilcavan, in Queen's County. He d. 29 Apr. 
1 746, and was bur. in the family vault at Finglass, aged 6 1 .C*) Will pr. 1 746. 

II. 1746. 2. Henry (Flower), Baron Castle Durrow [I.], 2nd 

but ist surv. s. and h. On 30 Sep. 1751 he was cr. VIS- 
COUNT ASHBROOK [I.]. See "Ashbrook," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1751. 

CASTLEFIELD 

i.e. "Primrose and Castlefield" Barony [S.] {Primrose), cr. 10 Apr. 
1603, with "Primrose," Viscountcy [S.], which see. 

CASTLE FRENCH 

See "French of Castle French, co. Galway," Barony [I.] {French), 
cr. 1798. 

CASTLE GORE 



i.e. "SuDLEY OF Castle Gore, co.^Mayo," Viscountcy' 
[I.] {Gore), cr. 15 Aug. 1758. 



See "Arran," 
Earldom of [I.], 
cr. ij^i, under 

/.^. "SuDLEY OF Castle Gore, co. Mayo," Baronylthe ist and 5th 
{Gore), cr. 7 Nov. 1884. j Earls 



is. 



(") See preamble to the patent in Lodge, vol. v, p. 286, note. 
('') Swift writes of him in Feb. 1 736, as " a gentleman of very good sense and wit. 
V.G. 



86 CASTLEHAVEN 

CASTLE HAVEN (Ireland) 

EARLDOM [I.] I. George (Tuchet), Lord Audley, s. and h. of 

Henry, Lord Audley, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir William 

I. 1616. Sneyd, sue. his father 30 Dec. 1563, when he was aged 

12, and was sum. to Pari, from 30 Sep. 1566 to 5 Apr. 
1 6 14. Fellow of Magd. Coll. Oxford about 1570. He was sometime 
Gov. of Utrecht in the Netherlands. He was Governor of Kells, co. 
Meath, and in command of eight companies against the rebel Irish in 1599. 
He was wounded at the battle of Kingsale, 24 Dec. 1 60 1 . He resided chiefly 
in Ireland,(^) and (with other English and Scottish Peers) was sum. by writ to 
the Irish House of Lords, 11 Mar. i6i3/4.('') On 6 Sep. 1616 he was cr. 
a Peer of that kingdom as BARON AUDLEY OF ORIER, co. Armagh, 
and EARL OF CASTLEHAVEN, co. Cork [I.]. He m., istly, before 

28 Aug. 1584, Lucy, only da. and in her issue h. of Sir James Mervyn, of 
Fonthill Giffard, Wilts, by his ist wife, Amy, da. of Valentine Clark..('=) 
She was living 20 Jan. 1608/9, ^^^ ^- '^•P-i before Apr. 16 10. He »?., 2ndly, 

29 Apr. 161 1, at St. Mary-le-Strand, Midx., Elizabeth, sister of Edward, 
2nd Viscount Campden, da. of Sir Andrew Noel, of Dalby, co. Leicester, 
by Mabel, da. of Sir James Harington. He d. 20 Feb. 161 6/7. Admon. 
Jan. 1 6 17 at the Court of the Dean of Westm., and again In P.C.C. 1 1 July 
1 63 1 to his da. Eleanor, wife of Sir Archibald Douglas. His widow »?., 
6 Mar. 1 6 1 8/9, at St. Bride's, London, Sir Piers Crosby, of Maryborough, in 
Queen's County (who d. between Nov. 1 646 and Nov. 1 647), and was living 
8 Dec. 1644. 

II. 1 6 17. 2. Mervyn (Tuchet otherwise Audley), Earl of 

Castlehaven, ^c. [I.], also Lord Audley, only s. and h. 
by ist wife. He was knighted 30 Mar. 1608; was 23 years old in June 
1 616. He »z., istly, before 1619, Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Benedict 
Barnham, Alderman of London, by Dorothea, da. of Ambrose Smith, 
citizen and mercer of London. He m., 2ndly, 22 July 1624, at Harefield, 
Midx., Anne, widow of Grey (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, ist 
da. and coh. of Ferdinando (Stanley), 5th Earl of Derby, by Alice, da. of 
Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe, Northants. Having been found guilty of 
certain high crimes C) he was attainted of felony, and beheaded on Tower Hill, 

(^) Between 1 8 and 2 1 Eliz. he sold Audley, Tunstall, and the rest of his Stafford- 
shire estate. {Feet of Fines). V.G. 

C') See vol. i, p. 2, note " c " sub " Abercorn," Earldom of [S.]. 

{■=) See pedigree of Mervyn in Misc. Gen. et Her., N.S., vol. i, p. 358. 

if) This was for an unnatural crime committed with one Laurence Fitz Patrick, 
his page, who confessed and was executed for the same, at Tyburn, 6 July 1631: as 
also for the rape of his own wife, or rather for the assisting one Giles Browning in a 
rape said to have been so committed. Of this woman, the said Fitz Patrick said that 
" she was the wickedest woman in the world, and had more to answer for than any 
woman that lived." See State Trials, vol. iii, p. 401. The death of her unworthy 
husband was certainly brought about by her means, and her unquestionable adultery 
with one Ampthill and with Henry Skipwith renders her motive suspicious. 



CASTLEHAVEN 87 

London, 14 May 163 1, when his English Peerage (being descendible to heirs 
gen.) htZTimt forfeited, but the Irish Earldom and Barony (being in lail) were 
not thereby afFected.(^) His widow, who was L May 1 580, J. at Ruislip, and 
was I'ur. 1 1 Oct. 1647, at Harefield, Midx. Admon. 2 Mar. 1654/5 to her 
s., " William Bridges, alias Chandos." 

III. 1 63 1. 3. James (Tuchet), Earl of Castlehaven, &'c. [I.], 

s. and h. by ist wife, i>. about 161 7. On 3 June 1633 
he was, as "James, Earl of Castlehaven in Ireland," cr. Baron Audley of 
Hely, with rem. "to his heirs for ever," and with the place and precedency 
of George, his grandfather, formerly Baron Audley of Hely.C") This 
patent was (as was necessary so far as it was a restoration and not a new 
creation) confirmed by Act of Pari. (29 and 30 Car. II) i678.('^) He joined 
in the serious Rebellion of the Confederate Rom. Cath. Irish, 1641-43, 
and was indicted for High Treason and imprisoned in Leinster, in Sep. 1642, 
but contrived to escape. He continued fighting under Preston against the 
Marquess of Ormond until peace was made with the Confederates in July 
1646. He then fought in France under Prince Rupert till Sep. 1648, 
when he returned to Ireland, and vigorously opposed Cromwell's troops until 
Apr. 1652, when he was forced to fly the country. In a month or two he was 
fighting under Conde in the Fronde war. Being taken prisoner by Turenne, 
he was exchanged, entered the Spanish service as Major Gen. in 1653, and 
fought at Rocroy, Cambrai, and all the great battles, till the Peace of the 
Pyrenees in Nov. 1659. After the Restoration he returned to England, 
and on the outbreak of the Dutch war in 1665, fought against them as a 
volunteer, by sea and land, till the Peace of Aix la Chapelle, May 1668. 
In 1674 he went abroad again and fought 11 Aug. at Senef. He com- 
manded the Spanish Foot in 1676, and served before Maestricht, at 
Charleroi, and at the Battle of Mons 14 Aug. 1678, soon after which he 
again came back to England.('') He m., istly, at Kilkenny, in his father's 
lifetime (she being but 12 years old), Elizabeth,(*) da. of Grey (Brydges), 

(^) "The Irish Earldom [of Castlehaven] wasaccording to modern opinions and the 
decision of Lord Northington in the Ferrers case [1760] protected by the statute Dt 
Donis which preserved all entailed honours against forfeiture for felony." See Courthope, 
p. Ixviii, in " Observations on Dignities," where it is stated that the s. and h. of the 
attainted Earl " was, notwithstanding, made Earl of Castlehaven by a new creation." 
This, however, is an error, probably a confusion with the English Barony of Audley 
of Hely, which was so cr. 1 633. See also vol. i, p. 448, note "c." 

C") See Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th rep., D. K. P. Records, p. 118. 

(■=) See fuller particulars under "Audley," Barony of, cr. 131 3. 

(<^) In 1680 he pub. his Memoirs from the year 1642 to the year 1651, which give 
an account from the Rom. Cath. Loyalist side of the Irish wars of that time. V.G. 

if) At the trial of the Earl, her father-in-law, 1631, her adultery with Henry 
Skipwith, her mother's paramour, was admitted by her. She was, however, at that 
time, very young, probably a mere puppet in the hands of the said Earl and his 
abandoned wife, the profligacy of whose establishment seems to have been over- 
whelming. G.E.C. The following extract goes to show that her character did not 



'o 



88 CASTLEHAVEN 

5th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, by Anne, da. and coh. of Ferdinando 
(Stanley), 5th Earl of Derby, which Anne, being 2nd wife to his father, 
was the Countess of Castlehaven [I.], before mentioned. His wife was 
bur. 16 Mar. 1678/9, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields.(') He m., 2ndly (settl. 
19 and 20 June 1679), Ehzabeth (.''Graves). Her will, dat. 15 Aug., pr. 
22 Dec. 1720, in Dublin, leaving nearly all her property to members of the 
family of Graves. He d. suddenly, s.p., 11 Oct. 1684, at Kilcash, co. 
Tipperary, aged about 67.('') 

IV. 1684. 4. Mervin (Tuchet), Earl of Castlehaven, tfc. 

[I.], also Lord Audley, fffc, br. and h.,('=) being 3rd 
and yst. s. of the 2nd Earl by his ist wife. He m. Mary, widow of Charles 
Arundell, da. of John (Talbot), loth Earl of Shrewsbury, by his ist 
wife, Mary, da. of Sir Francis Fortescue. He d. 2 Nov. 1686. His 
widow was bur. 15 Mar. iqioli, at Clewer, Berks. 

V. 1686. 5. James (Tuchet), Earl of Castlehaven, (^c. [I.], 

also Lord Audley, ^c, s. and h. He('^) was absent 
from James IFs Pari. [I.] 7 May 1689.0 ^^ ^- Anne, ist da. of 
Richard Pelson, of St. George's-in-the-Fields, Midx., by Anne, widow 
of Thomas (Savile), Earl of Sussex, da. of Christopher (Villiers), Earl 
OF Anglesey. He d. of apoplexy, 9 Aug. 1700, at Winchester, and was 
bur. in the cathedral there. M.L Admon. i Dec. 1701. His widow, 
who was a Rom. Cath., d. June 1733. 

VL 1700. 6. James (Tuchet), Earl of Castlehaven, Cffc. [L], 

also Lord Audley, isc, only s. and h. He m., 24 May 

1722, Elizabeth, da. of Henry (Arundell), 4th Baron Arundell of 

Wardour, by Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Panton. He d. 12 Oct. 1740, 

improve with years: "Lady Peters [I.e. Petre] and Lady Castlehaven were, by the 
Constable in the Common Garden, carried to the Cage, where they lay all night." 
(Kenelm Digby to the Earl of Dorset, 19 Aug. 1655). V.G. 

if) Her Christian name (Elizabeth) is mentioned; yet an adventuress named 
Catherine Stainfort, widow of Alexander Downes, is referred to several times under 
date 1649 as " now wife " [? mistress] of this Earl. {Hist. MSB. Com., 15th Report, 
App., part 2, p. 108). 

C") He was a very capable and active soldier, engaged almost constantly all his 
life in warfare, and doing a good deal with indifferent material. 

(■=) Under the Act of Pari. 1678 (which passed over George Tuchet, a Benedic- 
tine monk then living, the 2nd son of the 2nd Earl), he was heir to the English 
honours, and on the death of the said George (the date and place of which is 
unknown) he would have been (and probably, before 1684, was) heir to the Irish 
honours. 

{^) As in his Protests he is sometimes associated with the Tories, at others with 
the Whigs, it is difficult to determine his general politics. V.G. 

if) For a list of peers present in and absent from this Pari., see Appendix D 
to this volume. 



CASTLEHAVEN 89 

at Paris, and was bur. at St. Sulpice, in that city.(*) Will pr. 1741. His 
widow, who was b. 15 Sep. 1693, d. 16 June 1743, and was bur. at 
St. Pancras, Midx. M.I. at Tisbury, Wilts. Will dat. 30 Nov. 1741, pr. 
25 June 1743. 

VII. 1740. 7. James (Tuchet), Earl OF Castlehaven, tfc. [I.], 

also Lord Audley, Qc, s. and h., b. 15 Apr. 1723. 
He d. unm., 6, and was bur. 1 5 May 1 769, in Salisbury Cathedral, aged 46. (^) 
M.I. Willpr. 1769. 

VIII. 1769 8. John Talbot (Tuchet), Earl of Castlehaven 

to and Baron Audley of Orier [I.], also Lord Audley 

1777- [niSjj and Baron Audley of Hely [1633], br. and h., 
b. 2 Aug. 1 724 or 20 Sep. 1 725, at Hatch in Tisbury afsd. 
He was a Whig in politics. He m., about Dec. 1776, Susanna, widow 
of William Cracraft, Alderman of London, da. of Henry Drax, of 
EUerton Abbey, co. York. He d. s.p., 22, and was bur. 30 Apr. 1777, in 
Salisbury Cath., aged about 52, when the Irish Peerages became extinct 
but the English Barony by writ descended to the heir general. Will pr. 
1777. His widow </. 31 July 1789, at Southampton. Will pr. Aug. 1789. 
See "Audley," Barony, cr. 13 13. 

See "Carhampton of Castlehaven, co. Cork," Viscountcy [I.] (/,«/- 
trell\ cr. 1781; extinct 1829. 

CASTLEHAVEN (Scotland) 

i.e. " Macleod and Castlehaven," Barony [S.] (Mackenzie), cr. 1 5 Apr. 
1685, with "Tarbat," Viscountcy [S.], and again i Jan. 1702/3, with 
"Cromartie," Earldom of [S.], which see; forfeited 1746. 

i.e. " Castlehaven, CO. Cromartie," Barony {Sutherland-Leveson-Gower\ 
cr. 21 Oct. 1 86 1, with "Cromartie," Earldom of, which see. 

CASTLE HILL 

See " Fortescue of Castle Hill, co. Devon," Barony (JFortescue), 
cr. 1746. 



CASTLE INCH 

i.e. "Castle Inch, co. Tipperary," Barony [I.] (Macarty), see 
" Mountcashell," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 23 May 168 9, by James II, after his 
deposition from the English throne; extinct jnly 1694. See also vol. i, 
Appendix F. 



(^) He appears never to have taken an active part in politics. V.G. 

12 



90 CASTLEMAINE 

CASTLE ISLAND 

See " Herbert of Castle Island, co. Kerry," Barony [I.] (Herbert), 
cr. 1624; extinct 1691. 



See " Gage of Castle Island, co. Kerry," Viscountcy [I.] {Gage), cr. 
1720. 

CASTLE LEOD 

i.e. " Macleod of Castle Leod, co. Cromartie," Barony {Sutherland- 
Leveson-Gower), cr. 1861, with "Cromartie," Earldom of, which see. 



CASTLE LYONS 

CoL. Daniel O'Brien was cr., 1 7 Mar. 1 725/6, by the titu/ar James III, 
BARON CASTLE LYONS [I.]; and on 11 Oct. 1746, EARL OF 
LISMORE and VISCOUNT TALLOW [I.]; See "Lismore," 
Earldom, and vol. i, Appendix F. 



CASTLEMAINE, TYLNEY OF CASTLEMAINE, 
and CASTLEMAINE OF MOYDRUM 

See "MoNSON of Castlemaine, co. Kerry," Viscountcy [I.] {Monson), 
cr. 1628; forfeited 1661. 



EARLDOM [I.] I. Roger Palmer, 2nd s. of Sir James P., of Dor- 

I ^^ ney, Bucks, Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, 

being only s. by his 2nd wife, Catherine, widow of Sir 

Robert Vaughan, da. of Wilham (Herbert), istEARL 

' -•" OF Powis, was bap. at Dorney 4 Sep. 1634, and was 

adm. to the Inner Temple, 29 Oct. 1656; M.P. for 

Windsor 1660-61. He was cr., 11 Dec. 1661, BARON OF LIMERICK 

and EARL OF CASTLEMAINE (=>) co. Kerry [I.]. With other "Popish 

Lords "C') he was committed at the Old Bailey 1678, released on bail 

{*) This creation recalls the French song: 

"Par I'ep^e ou par le fourreau 
Devenir due est toujours beau, 
Qu'importe la mani^re 

Lan Lan Laire." 
However well these verses may represent the feelings of the degraded Court of 
Charles II, they do not show Palmer's own, for he " to his honour felt the title of 
Lord Castlemaine conferred upon him as the price of infamy to be an insult rather 
than a distinction, and as long as he could declined to bear that name. {Life of 
Clarendon, by Sir Henry Crailc, vol. ii, p. 150). V.G. 
C") For a list of these see vol. i, p. 264, note "c." 



CASTLEMAINE 91 

Jan. i6-j^/(), re-committed Nov. 1679, ^"d tried and acquitted June 1680, 
for his supposed share in the plot fabricated by Titus Oates. He was sent 
on an Embassy to Constantinople and subsequently by James II to Rome 
where he affected great state. (^) P.C. 25 Sep. 1687 till Feb. 1688/9. He 
did not attend the Pari, of James II, 7 May i689.('') He was excepted 
from the Act of Indemnity of 1690. He m., 14 Apr. 1659, at St. 
Gregory's by St. Paul's, London, Barbara, da. and sole h. of William (Vil- 
LiERs), 2nd Viscount Grandison [I.], by Mary, da. of Paul (Bayning), 
1st Viscount Bayning of Sudbury, which Barbara, in or before 1661, 
deserted him and became Mistress to King Charles II, by whom she had 
several children. He d'. s.p.m.,{f) 28 July 1705, at Oswestry, Salop, 
and was bur. at Welshpool, co. Montgomery, aged 71, when his honours 
became extinct. Will, dat. 30 Nov. 1696, pr. 25 Oct. 1705, by his da. Anne, 
Countess of Sussex.('^) He directs that he should be bur. by his "uncle 
Powis" if he die in Wales. His notorious wife was cr., 3 Aug. 1670, 
DUCHESS OF CLEVELAND, &c. She d. 9 Oct. 1709, at Chiswick, 
Midx. See fuller account of her under "Cleveland," Dukedom of, cr. 
1670; extinct IJJ^. 



(*) An account of this Embassy, with many fine plates, including one of the Earl 
"kissing the Pope's toe," was "printed for the author {fi/io) 1688." On 28 Oct. 
1689, he was brought to the bar of the House of Commons to answer for having 
gone "upon an employment unwelcome to them," and, as the Speaker stated, "they 
have great reason to think it was to reconcile this Kingdom with the church of Rome, 
the highest crime that can be committed"! His Lordship, in a speech showing both 
dignity and ability, pleaded: "I went as the King's servant; as the King's minister 
upon a compliment ... I did not meddle with religion . . . though I do profess myself 
a Catholic." He was however of course imprisoned in the Tower on a warrant of 
High Treason. (See Hist. MSS. Com., Portland MSS., vol. viii., pp. 22-27, where the 
proceedings are given in full). V.G. 

(^) For a list of peers present in, and absent from this Pari., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 

('^) It was doubtless on account of Castlemaine's absence from England 1662 or 
1663 to 1667 that the three sons of his wife (all of them born in wedlock, and all of 
them called by his surname of Palmer in their infancy) were legally regarded as 
bastards, for no divorce ever took place. Had they been capable of succeeding, his 
honours would have descended with the Dukedom of Southampton (afterwards, 1 709-74, 
merged in that of Cleveland) till 1774, and, after that date, with the Dukedom of 
Grafton. V.G. 

(<^) His wife's eldest child, whose paternity is somewhat doubtful, Anne Palmer 
otherwise Fitzroy, /i. 25 Feb. 1660/1, m. Thomas (Lennard), ist Earl of Sussex. She is 
generally supposed to have been the child of Lord Chesterfield, yet Lord Castlemaine 
always acknowledged her as his own, as did the King a/so, who, by warrant, dat. 
28 Feb. 1672/3, grants to her and her sister, viz. "unto the Lady Jnne Fitzroy and the 
Lady Charlotte Fitzroy, his dear and natural daughters by the Duchess of Cleveland," 
the same armorial ensigns as those of " his dear and natural son Charles Fitzroy, Earl 
of Southampton, their eldest brother." 



92 CASTLEMAINE 

VISCOUNTCY [1.] I. Richard Child, yst. s. of Sir Josiah C, 

. Bart., of Wanstead,(^) Essex (so cr. i8 July 

'7^ • 1678), Chairman of the East India Company, by 

TT A D T r»nA/t n i ^'^ 3'"'^ wife, Emma, widow of Francis Willough- 

l^AKLUUM [l.J ^y^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^j^ ^jT gjj. Yi^^ry Barnard, of Lon- 

1. 1731. don, Turkey Merchant, was bap. 5 Feb. 1679/80, 

at Wanstead, and, on 20 Jan. 1703/4, sue. his 
brother. Sir Josiah Child, 2nd Bart., in the Baronetcy and family estates. 
M.P.('') for Maldon 1708-10, for Essex 1710-22, and 1727-34. On 
24 Apr. 1718, he was cr. BARON NEWTOWN, co. Donegal and VIS- 
COUNT CASTLEMAINE, co. Kerry [I.], and subsequently, 1 1 June 
1 73 1, EARL TYLNEY OF CASTLEMAINE, co. Kerry [1.]. By Act 
of Pari. 24 Mar. 1734, he and his sons took the name of Tylney, in con- 
sequence of his wife inheriting the large estates of that family on the death 
of Anne, Baroness Craven, da. of Frederick Tylney, of Rotherwick. He »?., 
22 Apr. 1703, at Wanstead (lie. from Bishop of London, each aged 21, 
Bach, and Spr.), Dorothy, only surv. da. and h. of John Glynne, of Henley 
Park, Surrey, and of Bicester, Oxon, by Dorothy, da. of Francis Tylney, 
of Rotherwick, Hants. She d. 23 Feb., and was bur. 3 Mar. 1743/4, at 
Wanstead. He d. at Aix, in Provence, Mar. 1 749/50, and was bur. 29 May 
1750, at Wanstead, aged 70. Will pr. 1750. 

[Richard Child, rt/Ztfrrortri/j Tylney, ^/j/f^ Viscount Castlemaine, ist 
s. and h. ap. He d. unm. and v.p.y 19 Feb. 1733/4. Admon. 9 Apr. 1734.] 

EARLDOM AND 2. John (Tylney /orwfr/y Child), Earl Tyl- 

VT«;rnTTNTrY n T ^^^ °^ Castlemaine [1731], Viscount Castle- 

*- ■-' MAINE and Baron Newtown [1718], in the peer- 

.. age of Ireland, also a Baronet [1678], 2nd but ist 

'7^° surv. s. and h. He was bap. 22 Oct. 1712, at 

° Wanstead. F.R.S. 11 Dec. 1746. He d. unm., 

' "*■■ 17 Sep., and was bur. 16 Dec. 1784, at Wanstead, 

aged 72, when all his honours became extinct. Will pr. i784.('') 



(*) This was purchased by his father in 1673, who went to "a prodigious cost in 
planting walnut trees and making fish ponds, many miles in circuit." 

(*>) He was a Tory till 1715, but thereafter supported the Whigs, and was duly 
rewarded with a peerage for "ratting." V.G. 

(") Sir James Long, Bart., of Draycot, Wilts, s. and h. of his only married sister 
Emma, was his heir. He (also) took the additional name of Tylney and d. 28 Nov. 
1794. His only s. and h. d. unm. 14 Sep. 1805, while of his three daughters, two 
d. unm., and the other, Catherine, m., 14 Mar. 1812, the Hon. William PoleTylney- 
Long-Wellesley, afterwards (1845) 4th Earl of Mornington [I.], and d. 12 Sep. 1825, 
aged 35. Her husband, who survived till i July 1857, puHed down the stately man- 
sions at Wanstead and Rotherwick, and dilapidated generally the vast estates of the 
families of Child and Tylney. 



CASTLEMAINE 93 

BARONY [I.] I. William Handcock, s. and h. of Richard H., 

, g of Twyford, co. Westmeath, Dean of Achonry {d. 

25 July 1 791), by Sarah, da. and h. of Richard 
VTSCOT JNTCY fl "1 '^°''^'^> of Ballintore, co. Kildare, was b.ii Aug. 1 76 1 ; 
L '^ was M.P. for Athlone, 1783 (retaining his seat with- 
III. 1822 outanybreakat theUnion) to Aug. i8o3;(^) P.C. [1.] 

to 10 Feb. 1 80 1. On 21 Dec. 18 12, he was cr. BARON 

1839. CASTLEMAINE OF MOYDRUM, co. West- 

meath [!.],('') with a spec, rem., failing heirs male 
of his body, to his br., Richard Handcock. Constable and Gov. of Athlone 
1813 till his death, and a Gov. of co. Westmeath 1814-31. On 12 Jan. 
1822 he was cr. VISCOUNT CASTLEMAINE [I.], without a spec, 
rem. He w., 20 Mar. 1787, Florinda, ist da. of William Power Keating 
(Trench), ist Earl of Clancarty, by Ann, da. of the Rt. Hon. Charles 
Gardiner. He d. s.p., 7 Jan. 1839, at Moydrum Castle, co. Westmeath, 
while fastening his bedroom window (being blown down by a storm), 
aged 77, when the Viscountcy became extinct. (^) His widow, who was b. 
3 Aug. 1766, d. 9 Feb. 185 1, at Moydrum Castle. 

BARONY [I.] 2. Richard (Handcock), Baron Castlemaine of 
,. o Moydrum [I.], br. and h. according to the spec. lim. in 

^ ■^9- the patent. He was /^. 14 May 1767; was M.P. (Tory) for 

Athlone, 1800, in the last Irish Pari. He tn., 13 Nov. 
1790, Anne, 3rd da. of Arthur French, of French Park, co. Roscommon, 
by Alice, da. of Richard Magennis, of Dublin. He d. at Dublin, after a 
long illness, 18, and was bur. 21 Apr. 1840, at Athlone, aged nearly 73. 
His widow d. 4 Nov. 1852, at Athlone. 

III. 1840. 3. Richard (Handcock), Baron Castlemaine of 

Moydrum [I.], s. and h., b. 17 Nov. 1791, in Dublin. 
He was M.P. (Tory) for Athlone, i826-32;('^) Rep. Peer [I.], 1841-69. 
He m., 17 Apr. 1822, Margaret, 2nd da. of Michael Harris, of Dublin, 
by Mary, da. of Patrick Bryan, of Ballina Park, co. Wicklow. She d. 
27 Jan. 1867, at Moydrum Castle. He d. 4 July 1869, aged 77. 

(') He supported the Tory Government in the U.K. Pari. V.G. 

(•>) The three extinctions made use of, under the Act of Union, for this creation 
were (i) the Viscountcy of Pery {Pery), (2) the Barony of Milton [Dama), and (3) 
the Barony of Delaval {Delaval). 

C^) This patriot, having publicly pledged himself to God and man to resist to 
extremities so infamous admeasure as the Union, not unnaturally required the 
inducement of a Peerage to make him change such strongly expressed convictions. The 
note on him in Sir Jonah Barrington's "Black List" is as follows: "Will Handcock 
(Athlone). An extraordinary instance. He made and sang songs against the Union 
in 1799 at a public dinner of the Opposition, and made and sang songs for it in 1800. 
He got a peerage." V.G. 

C^) He changed when Peel did, on the subject of the Corn Laws in 1846. V.G. 



94 CASTLEMAINE 

IV. 1869. 4. Richard (Handcock), Baron Castlemaine of 

MoYDRUM [I.], s. and h., b. 25 July 1826, at Athlone ; 
sometime (1852) Capt. 41st Foot. Rep. Peer [I.], 9 May 1874-92. Lord 
Lieut, of CO. Westmeath 1888 till his death. In politics he was a Conser- 
vative. He m., 10 Feb. 1857, at Brompton Church, Louisa Matilda, da. 
of William George (Harris), 2nd Baron Harris of Seringapatam, by 
his 2nd wife, Isabella Helena, da. and h. of Robert Handcock Temple, 
of Waterstown, co. Westmeath. She was b. 10 Feb. 1836, and d. 31 Jan. 
1892, at Moydrum Castle. He d. there 3 months later, of heart disease, 
26 Apr. 1892, aged 65. Personalty ;{^2o,5 16. 

V. 1892. 5. Albert Edward (Handcock), Baron Castle- 

maine OF Moydrum [I. 18 12], 2nd(^) but ist surv. s. 
and h., b. iG Mar. 1863, at East Hill, Athlone; ed. at Eton; matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 14 Oct. 1881, as the "Hon. Thomas Albert Edward 
Handcock, aged 18," B.A., 1885; sometime Lieut. 4th Royal Inniskilling 
Fusiliers. Rep. Peer [I.] 1898 (Conservative). Lord Lieut, of co. West- 
meath 1899. He m., 25 Sep. 1895, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Annie Evelyn, 
only da. of Col. Joseph Thomas Barrington, of Charlton, Kent, by Emma, 
da. of Thomas Evans, of Glamorgan. She was b. 17 Apr. 1873. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 11,444 acres i" co. West- 
meath and of 597 in co. Roscommon. Total 12,041 acres, valued at 
^^8,919 a year. Principal Residence.— yioydivxiim. Castle, near Athlone, co. 
Westmeath. 

CASTLEMAINS 

i.e. "Drummond of Riccartoun, Castlemains, and Gilstoun," 
Barony [S.] {Drummond), cr. 1686, with "Melfort," Earldom of [S.], 
which see; forfeited 1695; restored 1853. 



See also " Melfort," Dukedom of, cr. by James II after his 
deposition, 17 Apr. 1692; and vol. i, Appendix F. 



CASTLEMARTIN 

See "Cawdor of Castlemartin, co. Pembroke," Barony {Campbell), cr. 
1796; Earldom, cr. 1821. 

CASTLE-MARTYR 

i.e. "Castle-Martyr, co. Cork," Barony [I.] {Boyle), cr. 1756, with 
" Shannon," Earldom of [I.], which see. 

(^) His elder br., Richard Temple, b. 26 Nov. 1859, '^- '2 Apr. i860. V.G. 



CASTLEROSSE 95 

CASTLE MATTRESS 

See "Southwell of Castle Mattress, co. Limerick," Barony [I.] 
{Southwell), cr. 1717; Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1776. 

CASTLEMORRES 

See " MouNTMORRES OF Castlemorres, CO. Kilkenny," Barony [I.] 
{Morres), cr. 1756; Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1763. 

CASTLEREA 

See " Mount Sandford of Castlerea, co. Roscommon," Barony [I.] 
{Sandford), cr. 1800; extinct 1846. 

CASTLEREAGH 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Robert (Stewart), Baron Londonderry [I.], 
J J was, on I Oct. 1795, cr. VISCOUNT CASTLE- 

'"^' REAGH, CO. Down. He was subsequently, 

17 Aug. 1796, cr. EARL OF LONDONDERRY 
[I.], and finally, 13 Jan. 18 16, cr. MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY 
[I.]. See "Londonderry," Marquessate of [I.], fr. 18 16. 

CASTLE RICHARD or RICHARD'S CASTLE 
see ZOUCHE (of Mortimer) 

CASTLE RISING 

See "Howard of Castle Rising, co. Norfolk," Barony (//owar^), cr. 
1669; extinct 1777. 

CASTLEROSSE 



i.e. " Castlerosse," Barony [1.] {Browne), cr. 20 May 1689, by 
James II (after his deposition from the English throne), see "Kenmare," 
Viscountcy [I.], and vol. i. Appendix F. 



i.e. "Castlerosse," Barony [I.] {Browne), cr. 14 Feb. 1798, with 
"Kenmare," Viscountcy [I.], which see. 

i.e. "Castlerosse," Viscountcy [I.] {Browne), cr. 2 Jan. 1801, with 
" Kenmare," Earldom of [I.], which see. 

See " Kenmare of Castlerosse, co. Kerry," Barony {Browne), cr. 1841; 
extinct 1853. 

See (also) " Kenmare of Castlerosse, co. Kerry," Barony {Browne), cr. 
1856. 



96 



CASTLE STEWART 



CASTLE STEWART or CASTLE STUART(^) 

BARONY [I.] I. Andrew Stewart, s. and h. of Andrew S., Master 

J ^ opOcHiLTREEjbyMargaret, da. of Henry (Stewart), Lord 

"■ Methven, and grandson and h. of Andrew, 2nd Lord 

Ochiltree [S.], whom he sue. in that peerage between 

2 Aug. 1593 and 21 Mar. 1601/2. He was ^. 1560; first Gent, of 
the Bedchamber to King James; was Gen. of the Artillery, and Gov. 
of Edinburgh Castle. On 11 Mar. 1613/4 he was, with other English 
and Scottish Peers, sum. by writ to the Irisk House of Lords. C") Having 
ruined himself by extravagance, he sold his estate in Scotland to his cousin, 
Sir James Stewart, to whom he resigned, with consent of the Crown, 
his Scottish Peerage in 161 5. Retaining the King's favour, however, he 
obtained large grants of land in co. Tyrone. In pursuance of the King's 
letters, 28 May leiSjC^) he was cr., 7 Nov. 161 9, BARON CASTLE 
STUART of CO. Tyrone [I.]. He m., shortly after 8 Aug. 1587, Mar- 
garet, da. of Sir John Kennedy, of Blairquhan. He d. Jan. 1 628/9, aged 68. 

IL 1629. 2. Andrew (Stewart), Baron Castle Stuart [I.], 

s. and h. He had, v.p., been cr. a Baronet [S.] 2 Oct. 
1628. (■*) On 14 July 1634 he took his seat in the House of Lords [!.].(*) 
Hew., istly(cont. dat. 15 Aug. 1604), Anne, 5th and yst. da. and coh. of John 
(Stewart), 5th Earl of Atholl [S.], by Mary, da. of William (Ruthven), 
Earl of Gowrie [S.]. She d. about 15 Oct. 1635, and was i>ur. the Sunday 
following. Fun. Ent. He m., 2ndly, ( — ). He d. 30 Mar., and was iur. 

3 Apr. 1639. Fun. Ent. Admon. 3 Dec. 1647 to "Sir Arthur Blundell, 
Knt.," for use of Andrew, " Lord Stewart, now Baron of Castle Stewart," 
during his absence. 

in. 1639. 3. Andrew (Stewart), Baron Castle Stuart [L], 

s. and h. On 21 Nov. 1648 he was served h. to his 
grandfather. Lord Ochiltree [S.], in the lands of Crugilltown Castle, co. 
Wigton. He was Gov. for the King, in 1642, of Fort Falkland in King's 
County, but was forced to surrender it to the Rom. Cath. rebels under 
Gen. Preston, afterwards Lord Tara. He m., before 1635, Joyce, da. and 
h. of Sir Arthur Blundell, of Blundellsbury in King's County, by Susanna, 

(^) The spelling is Castle Stuart in the patent for the Barony, and in that for the 
Viscountcy, but Castle Stewart in the patent for the Earldom. 

C') See vol. i, p. 2, note "c " sub " Abercorn," Earldom of [S.]. 

C^) See Lodge, vol. vi, p. 242. 

{^) He is said, in his Fun. entry, to have been knighted by King James, and is 
called, in his wife's Fun. entry, " Baronet of New Scotland, in America, and Lord 
Steward of Castle Steward." V.G. 

(*) He was a great patron of such Scots as had settled in Ireland, especially of the 
" nonconforming ministers." 



CASTLE STEWART 97 

da. of Henry Bengeratt, of Antwerp. He d. s.p.m.^ 1650, about 10 Aug. 
Inq. p. m.Q) 

IV. 1650. 4. JosiAS (Stewart), Baron Castle Stuart [I.], br. 

and h. male. He ;«. (lie. Vic. Gen. 2 Apr. 1662, he being 
then of Westm., about 25, Bachelor, she of Enfield, Midx., about 21, 
Spinster) Anne, da. of John Madden, of Enfield, Midx., by Elizabeth, da. 
and coh. of Charles Waterhouse, of Manor Waterhouse, co. Fermanagh. 
He d. suddenly, s.p., in Dublin 2, and was bur. 4 Dec. 1662, at St. Bride's 
in that city. His widow was bur. 16 Dec. 1678, at St. Michan's, Dublin. 

V. 1662. 5. John (Stewart), Baron Castle Stuart [I.], 

uncle and h. male, being 2nd s. of the ist Lord. He d. 
unm. and at a great age, 1685. 

[After his death the title remained dormant iox many years, the persons 
who were entitled to that dignity' having, owing to the alienation of " the 
family estates, granted for support of the honour," never assumed it. 
These were as under.] 

[VI. 1685.] 6. Robert Stewart, ^(fyar^C") Baron Castle Stuart 

[I.], nephew and h. male, being s. and h. of the Hon. 
Robert Stewart, of Irry, co. Tyrone (next br. to the last Lord), by his 2nd 
wife, Jane, da. of James Richardson, of Castle Hill, co. Tyrone. He sue. 
his father in Sep. 1662, was Sheriff of co. Tyrone, 1665, and sometime a 
Capt. in the Army. He m. Anne, da. of William Moore, of Garvey, co. 
Tyrone. He d. Mar. 1685/6. His widow d. 1694. 

[VII. 1686.] 7. Andrew Stewart, of Irry 3.kd., de jure (^) Baron 

Castle Stuart [I.], only s. and h. He was aged 12 in 
1684, and was taken soon afterwards by his mother into Scotland to escape 
the troubles in Ireland, caused by the Revolution of i688.('') Sheriff 
of CO. Tyrone 1704. He m. Eleanor, ist da. of Robert Dallway, of 
Bellahill, CO. Antrim. ('^) He d. 171 5. Admon. 20 Apr. 1722. 

[VIII. 1715.] 8. Robert Stewart, de Jure {^) Baron Castle 

Stuart [I.], s. and h., b. 3 Mar. 1700. He ;«., i June 
1722, Margaret, sister and h. of Hugh Edwards, ist da. of Thomas 
Edwards (both of Castle Gore, co. Tyrone), by Jane, da. of David Cairnes, 
of Derry. He d. 2 Mar. 1742, at Stewart Hall, co. Tyrone. Admon. 
22 Mar. 1742. 

(=■) Mary, his only da. and h., m. Henry (Howard), 5th Ead of Suffolk, to which 
family most of the Castle Stuart estates thereby came. 

C") According to the decision of 24 May 1774 respecting that dignity. 

(•=) His name appears among the peers absent from the Pari. [I.] of James II, 
7 May 1689, for a list of whom, as also of those present, see Appendix D to this volume. 

l^) Her mother was not, as usually stated, Mary, da. of Sir John Williams, 2nd 
Bart. [1642], but some former wife of Robert Dallway. V.G. 

13 



98 

[IX. 1742.] 



IX. 



1774- 



CASTLE STEWART 

9 and i. Andrew Thomas Stewart-Moore, de 
jure{^) Baron Castle Stuart [I.], only surv. s. and 
h., b. 29 Aug. 1725. Sheriff of co. Tyrone 1755, 
as Andrew Thomas Stewart-C') His petition to 
the Lord Lieut, of Ireland as to his right to 
the Barony of Castle Stuart [I.] was unani- 
mously granted by the House of Lords [I.], and 
received the Royal assent 24 May 1774. He took 
his seat accordingly 28 Nov. 1775, at which time he 
resigned the final surname of Moore. He had, as 
early as 1768, claimed the Barony of Ochiltree [S.], 
appearing to vote at the election of Scottish Peers, 
26 Oct. 1768, and actually voting at the election 24 July 1790, but his 
claim was rejected, by a Committee for Privileges, 16 Apr. 1793. On 
20 Dec. 1793 he was cr. VISCOUNT CASTLE STUART, co. Tyrone [I.], 
and on 30 Dec. 1800 he was cr. EARL CASTLE STEWART, co. Tyrone 
[I.].(°) He m., 2 Aug. 1782, Sarah, da. and coh. of Godfrey Lill, second 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas [I.], by Carey Caroline, da. of 
Nathaniel Bull, of East Sheen, Surrey. He d. 26 Aug. 1809, at Stewart 
Hall, CO. Tyrone, aged almost 84. Will pr. 1 809. His widow, who was 
b. 15 Aug. 1754, d. II Nov. 1843, aged 89, in Hanover Terrace, Maryle- 
bone. Will pr. Feb. 1844. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
I- 1793- 

EARLDOM [I.] 
I. 1800. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] 

II. 

BARONY [I.] 
X. 

EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] 

III. 

BARONY [I.] 
XI. 



2 and 10. Robert (Stewart), Earl 
Castle Stewart, i^c. [I.], s. and h., b. 
19 Aug. 1784, in Dublin. He w., 23 Apr. 

yi8o9. 1806, Jemima, da. of ( — ) Robison, 
Col. Royal Artillery. He d. 10 June 
1854, of bronchitis, at his seat, Stewart 
Hall, CO. Tyrone, aged 69. His widow d. 
27 Apr. 1859, aged 73, at Killiney, Dublin. 

3 and II. Edward (Stewart), Earl 
Castle Stewart, i^c. [I.], s. and h., b. 
II Sep. 1807. He m., Feb. 1830, at Paris, 

1854. Emmeline, only surv. da. and h. of Benja- 
min Bathurst,('^) Sec. of Legation at Stock- 
holm, by Phillida, da. of Sir John Call, Bart. 
He d. s.p., 20 Feb. 1 857, at East Hill, Dover, 
and was bur. at Copt Hill, aged 49. His 



(^) See note "b" on preceding page. 

C") It is not known to the Editor when or why he assumed the surname of 
Moore. V.G. 

(■=) This was one of the many Irish Peerages cr. the day before the Union. See 
Appendix H to this volume. See, also, note sub Charles, Earl Cadogan [1800], as 
to the omission of the word "of" in the titles of Earldoms. 

{^) This is the man whose sudden and startling disappearance from the world re- 
mains one of the unsolved mysteries of history. V.G. 



CASTLE STEWART 



99 



widow ;;/., 27 June 1867, at Villa Stuart, Rome, Alessaiidro Pistocchi, 
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. She d. 7 Jan. 1 893, at Villa Stuart afsd. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [L] 

IV. 
BARONY [L] 

xn. 



1857 



Stewart Hall, co. Tyrone 



4 and 12. Charles Andrew Knox 
(Stewart), Earl Castle Stewart, Csfc. [L], 
br. and h., (^.23 Apr. 18 10, at Clifton, co. 

, Gloucester. He ;«., 24 Mar. 1835, Char- 
lotte Raffles Drury, only da. of Acheson 
Quintin Thompson,(^) of co. Louth, by 
Isabella, da. of the Rev. Dodgson Madden. 
He d. 12 Sep. 1874, in his 65th year, at 

His widow, who was b. 2 May 1807, d. 



I Feb. 1906, at "Ochiltree," Chelston, Torquay, in her 99th year. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] 

V. 



5 and 



BARONY [I.] 

xin. 



Henry James (Stuart- 
Richardson), Earl Castle Stewart 
[1800], Viscount Castle Stuart [1793] 
yi874. and Baron Castle Stuart [16 19] in 
Ireland, only s. and h., b. 21 Mar. 1837. 
Sheriff of co. Tyrone, 1870. He ;«., 
I Nov. 1866, at Oaklands, co. Tyrone, 
Augusta Le Vicomte Massy-Richardson, 
widow of Hugh Massy, Major 85th Foot, da. and sole h. of William 
Stewart Richardson-Brady, of Oaklands afsd. By royal He. 28 Jan. 
1865, she took the name and arms oi Richardson in addition to those of 
Massy ^ and 11 May 1867 he took the name of Richardson after that of 
Stuart. She d. s.p.m.^ 4 Dec. 1908, at Drum Manor, Cookstown. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 32,6 1 5 acres in co. Tyrone 
and 2,260 in co. Cavan. Total, 34,875 acres, worth ;^i3,ii3 a year. 
Principal Residence. — Stewart Hall, near Stewartstown, co. Tyrone. 

CASTLE STUART 

i.e. " Stuart of Castle Stuart, co. Inverness," Barony (Stuart), cr. 
1796; see "Moray," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1562, under the 8th Earl. 

CASTLETON and CASTLETON OF SANDBECK 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Nicholas Saunderson, s. and h. of Robert S., 

of Fillingham and Saxby, co. Lincoln {d. 2 Nov. 

^7* 1582), by his 2nd wife, Catherine, yst. da. of Vincent 

Grantham, of St. Katharine's, Lincoln, was aged 2 1 at 

his father's death; B.A. Oxford 7 Mar. 1 578/9 ; admitted Lincoln's Inn 22 Oct. 

1579; SherifFof CO. Lincoln 1592-93 and 1613-14; M. P. for Grimsby 1593, 

(") He was s. of Quintin Dick Thompson, of the E.I.C. Civil service, by Mary 
Anne, sister and coh. of the celebrated Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. 



loo CASTLETON 

for CO. Lincoln 1625; knighted at Belvoir Castle 23 Apr. 1603; was cr. a 
Baronet 25 Nov. 161 1. On 11 July 1627, he was cr. BARON SAUN- 
DERSON OF BANTRY, co. Cork, and VISCOUNT CASTLETON, 
CO. Limerick [I.]. He m., before 1599, Mildred, da. and h. of John 
Elltoft (or Hiltoft), of Boston, co. Lincoln, by Mildred, da. and h. of 
( — ) Claymond, of Frampton. He d. ij May 1631, and was bur. (as 
was his wife) at Saxby. Will dat. 23 Feb. 1629/30, being then in his 70th 
year, pr. 13 June i63i.(^) Fun. Cert. 

II. 1 63 1. 2. Nicholas (Saunderson), Viscount Castleton, 

^c. [I.], s. and h., matric. at Oxford (Queen's Coll.) 
15 June 1610; admitted Lincoln's Inn 15 May 1613. He w. Frances, sister 
of John, 8th Earl of Rutland, da. of Sir George Manners, of Haddon, 
CO. Derby, by Grace, da. of Sir Henry Pierrepont. He ^.13 Nov. 
1640, and was l>ur. at Saxby. Will dat. 2 Mar. 1639/40, pr. i Jan. 1641/2. 
His widow d. 1652. Will pr. 1652. 

III. 1640. 3. Nicholas (Saunderson), Viscount Castleton, 

tfc. [I.], s. and h., aged 4^ in 1 631, or 14 at his father's 
death. He d. a minor and unm. 1641. 

IV. 1 641. 4. Peregrine (Saunderson), Viscount Castleton, 

i^c. [I.], br. and h., aged 3^ in 1631. He also d. unm., 
in 1650, aged 22. Will dat. 4 Nov. 1649, pr. 5 Jan. 1652. 

V. 1650. 5. George (Saunderson), Viscount Castleton, (dc. 

[I.], br. and h., L 12 Oct. 1631. Vice Adm. co. Lincoln 
Sep. 1660; M.P. for co. Lincoln 1660-81, 1685-87, and 1689-98. He 
did not attend the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 1689. C") Col. of a 
regt. of Foot 1689-94. He ?«., istly, shortly before M^ir. 1656, Grace, 
da. of Henry Belasyse (ist son of Thomas, ist Viscount Fauconberg), by 
Grace, da. of Sir Thomas Barton, of Smithells, co. Lancaster. She d. of 
measles, or of smallpox, 16 Nov. 1667, and was l>ur. at Saxby. He m., 
2ndly, 14 Feb. 1674/5, at the Temple church, London,('=) Sarah, widow of 
Thomas (Fanshawe), Viscount Fanshawe of Dromore [I.], and before 
that of Sir John Wray, Bart., da. of Sir John Evelyn, of West Dean, Wilts, 
by Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Robert Cock.es, of London. He d. at 
Sandbeck, co. York, 27 May 1714, aged 82. Will pr. May 1714. His 
widow, by whom he had no surv. issue, was iur. 16 Oct. 1717, at St. 
Martin's-in-the-Fields. W^ill dat. 29 May 17 14, pr. 12 Nov. 171 7. 

(*) See an interesting account of his estates, ^c, by Sir Joseph Williamson, circa 
1667, in Her. and Gen., vol. ii, p. 119. V.G. 

(*=) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari, see Appendix D to this 
volume. 

(') The entry is as follows: "George and Sarah, two persons of quality, were 
married in the Temple Church Feb. 14, by Mr. Rawlins, 1674. Two married 
unknown." V.G. 



CASTLETON loi 

VI. 1 7 14. 6 and i. James (Saunderson), Viscount Castle- 

ton and Baron Saunderson of Bantry [I. 1627], 
VISCOUNTCY. also a Baronet [161 1], 8th, yst. and only surv. s. and h. 
T r by 1st wife. He was M.P. (Tory) for Newark 1698- 

' ' i700,andi70i-io;('') Vice-Admiral of CO. Lincoln 1705 

FART nOM ^^^ ^^^ death. On 19 Oct. 17 14, a few months after his 

^ ^^ father's death, he was cr. BARON SAUNDERSON 

I. 1720 OF SAXBY,('') CO. Lincoln, on 2 July 1 7 16 cr. VIS- 

to COUNT CASTLETON OF SANDBECK, co. York, 

1723. and finally, on 18 June 1720, cr. EARL CASTLE- 

TON OF SANDBECK, co. York. He d. unm., 
23 May 1723, at Richmond, Surrey, when all his honours became extinct. 
Will pr. 1723.0 

CASTLETOWN 

See " Radstock of Castletown, Queen's County," Barony [L] [IValde- 
gravi), cr. 1800. 

CASTLETOWN OF UPPER OSSORY 

BARONY. I. John Wilson-Fitzpatrick {formerly Wilson), 

y nf- illegit. s. of John (Fitzpatrick), Earl of Upper Ossory 

^' and Baron Gowran [L] and Baron Upper Ossory of 

Ampthill [G.B.], who d. s.p.m. legit., i Feb. 18 18 (when 
all his honours became extinct), was b. in London 21 Sep. 1807, and ed. at 
Eton; sometime an officer in the army; sue. his father in his Irish estates of 
Grantstown Manor and Lisduff in Queen's County, as also in Grafton 
Underwood, Northants; Sheriff of Queen's County 1836; M.P. (Liberal) 
for Queen's County 1837-41, 1847-52 and 1865-69. He took the name 
and arms of Fitzpatrick by Roy. lie. 12 Feb. 1842. P.C. [I.] 28 Jan. 
1848; Lord Lieut, of Queen's County, 1855 till his death. On 10 Dec. 
1869, he was cr. BARON CASTLETOWN OF UPPER OSSORY in 
the Queen's County. He ;«., 5 May 1830, at Carnallway, in the diocese 
of Dublin, Augusta Mary, da. of the Rev. Archibald Douglas, Rector of 
Castle Coote, co. Cavan, by Susan, da. of John (Murray), 4th Earl of 
DuNMORE [S.]. He ^. at 32 Hertford Str., Mayfair, Midx., 22, and was 

(^) He became a Whig before the general election of 1708, and received 3 
separate peerages from that party. V.G. 

('') This "was one of 1 4 peerages conferred at the Coronation of George I, for a 
list of which see vol. ii, Appendix F. 

("^) He devised his very considerable estates, worth ;^8,000 p.a. (including 
Sandbeck in Yorkshire), to his maternal cousin, Thomas Lumley, younger s. of 
Richard, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, by Frances, da. and h. of Sir Henry Jones, and 
Frances, his wife, formerly Frances Belasyse, spinster, sister of Grace, the mother or 
the testator. This Thomas Lumley by act of Pari, took the name of Saunderson, and 
sue. in 1740, as Earl of Scarbrough. 



102 CASTLETOWN 

bur. 25 Jan. 1883, at Grafton Underwood, aged 75. Will pr. 17 May 
1883, °^^^ ;^37>ooo- His widow d. 3 June 1899, at Brunswick Terrace, 
Brighton, in her 89th year. 

II. 1883. 2. Bernard Edward Barnaby (Fitzpatrick), Baron 

Castletown of Upper Ossorv, only surv. s. and h., b. 
29 July, and bap. 25 Dec. 1848, at Brighton, Sussex; ed. at Eton, and at 
Brasenose Coll. Oxford, B.A. (2nd class law and history) 1870; was an 
officer (1871-74) in the ist Life Guards, and subsequently (1882) served 
with them in Egypt. Sheriff of Queen's County 1876. M.P. (Conserva- 
tive) for Portarlington 1 8 80-83. (^) C.M.G. June 1902; Chancellor of 
the Royal Univ. [I.] 1906-10; inv. K.P. 29 Feb. 1908; P.C. [I.] 13 Nov. 
igoS-C") He m., 23 Apr. 1874, Emily Ursula Clare, da. and h. of Hayes 
(St. Leger), 4th Viscount Doneraile [I.], by Mary Ann Grace Louisa, 
da. of George Lenox-Conyngham. She was b. 18 July 1853. 

Family Estates. — These consisted, in 1 883, of 633 acres in Sussex (worth 
;^752 a year) and 22,510 acres in Queen's County. Total, 23,143 acres, 
worth ;^ 1 5,758 a year. Principal Residence. — Grantstown manor, Queen's 
County. 

CASTLE WARD 

See " Bangor of Castle Ward, co. Down," Barony [I.] (Pf^ard), cr. 
1770; Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1781. 

CASTLE WELLAN 

See " Annesley of Castle Wellan, co. Down," Barony [I.] {Anneslej)^ 
cr. 1758; Earldom [I.], cr. 1789. 

CASTLE WEMYSS 

See "Inverclyde of Castle Wemyss, co. Renfrew," Barony {Burns), 
cr. 1897. 

(*) The Rev. A. B. Beaven writes to the Editor: " No one except Lord C. him- 
self can, I think, say what his political principles are: I should make even that exception 
with reservations. In Dod while he was in the H. of C. he was styled 'Liberal 
Conservative,' the only M.P. of that date who was so styled. At his only election 
he defeated a Liberal, and he used to receive the Conservative Whips' circulars. As 
a peer from 

1884 to 1892 Dod calls him Liberal Conservative, 

1893 to 1897 „ „ Liberal, 

1898 to 1909 „ „ Liberal U., 

igioto 1911 „ „ Liberal. 
He voted against Home R. in 1894. He has given general support to the present 
(19 1 3) Govt, so far and has accepted offices from it." V.G. 

('') He is one of the numerous peers who are or have been directors of public com- 
panies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. 



CATHCART 103 

CATHCART 

BARONY [S.] I. Sir Alan Cathcart, s. and h. of Alan C, having, 
I UO-CA '" ^4-4-7, redeemed considerable property within the 

+3- 34- Earldom of Carrick that had been mortgaged by his 
grandfather, another Sir Alan Cathcart, was, not long 
afterwards, probably late in 1452, but certainly before 18 July 1454 (when 
he sat in Pari, as a Baron),(^) cr. a Lord of Pari. (^) as LORD CATH- 
CART [S.]. He had been an adherent of the Earl of Douglas, but 
rapidly rose in favour under James II and James III. He was Warden of 
the West Marches 148 1, and Master of the Artillery 1485. He m. Janet 
Maxwell. He d. in 1497, before 3 Oct., and was bur. at the Black- 
friars, Ayr. 

[Alan Cathcart, Master of Cathcart, s. and h. ap., d. v.p.] 

II. 1497. 2. John (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of Alan Cathcart, Master of 
Cathcart, abovenamed. He m., istly, Margaret, da. of John Kennedy, of 
Blairquhan. He m., 2ndly, before Aug. 1499, Margaret, da. of William 
Douglas, of Drumlanrig. He d. Dec. 1535. 

[Alan Cathcart, Master of Cathcart, s. and h. ap. by ist wife. He 
m., in or before Aug. 1 507, Agnes, yst. da. of Robert (Lyle), 2nd Lord Lyle 
[S.]. He d. v.p., 9 Sep. 15 13, being slain, with two of his brothers, at the 
battle of Flodden.(') His widow m. John Maxwell, of Stanelie.] 

(^) A deed of that date between " Alan, Lord Carcaith, is'c." was produced at the 
Decreet of Ranking [S.] 1606. Lord Cathcart was there "ranked" as 8th of the 
Barons; Lord Gray (1437) and Lord Ochihree (1459) being next immediately above 
him and Lord Carlyle (1474?) next immediately below him. 

C*) " It is perhaps worth remark, as old dignities with us \i.e. in Scotland] were so 
generally territorial, that it seems to me, that [notwithstanding the above fact] there 
is no escape from the conclusion that Lords of Parliament were hereditary titles uncon- 
nected with land and sometimes even not based upon a free Barony at all; Graham, 
Gray, Borthwick, Cathcart, Drummond and Sempill had no Barony of their names, 
when they first got the hereditary title. Sempill of Eliotston, for instance, was not 
a free Baron, but, sometime after he was made a Lord, all his lands were united and 
erected into the free Barony of Sempill." Extract from a letter of R. R. Stodart, 
sometime Lyon Clerk depute, dat. 9 Mar. 1885, to the Editor. G.E.C. On this 
Lyon King writes, Oct. 1911, "The Sempills held lands in free Barony as early as 
temp. Robert I [cf Scots Peerage, vol. vii, p. 527). The Cathcarts held the Baronies 
ofSundrum, Dalwellington, &c., about 1326. While the families mentioned may 
have had no Barony of their names at the time of their creation, they were probably 
Barons, and it is somewhat sweeping to say that the Barony was not based on a free 
Barony at all." V.G. 

{") For a list of the nobles there slain, see vol. v. Appendix D. 



I04 CATHCART 

III. 1535. 3. Alan (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], grandson 

and h., being only s. and h. of Alan, Master of Cathcart, 
abovenamed, by Agnes his wife. He m. Helen, da. of William (Sempill), 
2nd Lord Sempill [S.], by his ist wife, Margaret, da. of Hugh (Mont- 
gomerie). Earl of Eglintoun [S.]. He d. 10 Sep. 1547, being slain at the 
battle of Pinkie. Will of same date directing his burial to be with his 
ancestors at the Black Friars at Ayr. His wife surv. him. 

IV. 1547. 4- Alan (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], only s. 

and h., b. about 1537. He was a great promoter of the 
Reformation, and was one who signed the bond, in 1567, on behalf of the 
young King, James VI, on whose side he fought at Langside in 1568. 
Master of the Household 1579, receiving several valuable grants from the 
Crown. He m., istly, Margaret, da. of John Wallace, of Craigie. He 
w., 2ndly, Florence McDougall, widow of John Kennedy, of Baltersane. 
He^. Dec. 1618. 

[Alan Cathcart, Master of Cathcart, s. and h. ap., b. 1562. He 
m., on or before 24 June 1594 (cont. dat. 9 Feb. 1593/4), Isabel, da. of 
Thomas Kennedy, of Bargeny. He d. v.p., 1603. Will pr. 23 July 1603.] 

V. 1618. 5. Alan (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of Alan, Master of Cathcart and 
Isabel his wife, b. circa 1600; matric. at Glasgow Univ. 3 Apr. 1615; served 
h. to his grandfather 8 May 16 19. He m., i stly (cont. dat. Aug. 1 621), Mar- 
garet, da. of Francis (Stewart), ist Earl of Bothwell [S.], by Margaret, 
da. of David (Douglas), Earl of Angus [S.]. She d. s.p.s. He m., 
2ndly (cont. dat. 29 Oct. 1626), Jean, ist da. of Sir Alexander Colquhoun, 
of Luss, by Helen, da. of Sir George Buchanan. He d. 18 Aug. 1628, at 
Auchencruive. Will dat. 31 July 1628, pr. 14 Jan. 1628/9. ^^^ widow 
m. Sir Duncan Campbell, of Auchinbreck, who was slain 1645, fighting 
against Montrose's army. She ;«., 3rdly, the Hon. Sir W^illiam Hamil- 
ton,(^) who was long Resident in Rome on behalf of the Queen Dowager, 
Henrietta Maria. 

VI. 1628. 6. Alan (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], b. the 

same year his father died, being served h. to him 25 June 
1 63 1. Ed. at Glasgow Univ. He was a consistent Presbyterian, being 
the only peer who voted against the suppression of Presbytery in May 
1 66 1. He m., in or before July 1643, Marion, da. of David Boswell, of 
Auchinleck, co. Ayr, by Isabel, da. of Sir John Wallace, of Cairnhill. He 
^.13 June 1709, in his 8 ist year. 

(^) "William Hamilton, 3rd br. to the Earl of Abercorn " [S.], is said in Milne's 
List to have been cr. a Baronet [S.], but no date is assigned. It was probably in 
1627. 



CATHCART 105 

VII. 1709. 7. Alan (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], s. and h., 

b. about 1648. He m. (cont. dat. 12 Oct. 1672), 
Elizabeth, 2nd da. of James (Dalrymple), ist Viscount Stair [S.], by 
Margaret, da. of James Ross, of Balniel, co. Wigtown. She was bap. 
9 Oct. 1653. He d. in Scotland, 19 Oct. 1732, in his 85th year. Will 
pr. 1733- 

VIII. 1732. 8- Charles (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart [S.], 2nd but 

1st surv. s. and h.;(^) b. 1686. He was (as Captain) in 
the wars in Flanders in 1702; Major in the Scots Greys 1709, and after- 
wards Lieut. Col. thereof; distinguished himself at Sheriffmuir, 13 Nov. 
171 5, where the victory over the left wing of the Insurgents was princi- 
pally owing to him. Lieut. Col. of the 9th Foot, 1717; Col. of the 31st 
Foot, 1728-31; of the 8th regt. of Dragoons, 1731-33; of the 7th Horse 
or King's Carabineers (since 1788 the 6th Dragoon Guards) 1733 till his 
death. Receiver Gen. [S.] 1725-29. He was Groom of the Bedchamber 
to George II 1727-32. Rep. Peer [S.] i 734-40. Gov. of Duncannon 
Fort 1735 t'^^ ^'^ death; Brigadier Gen. 1735, ^^^ Major Gen. in the 
Army, 1739. Having been appointed Commander in Chief of the forces 
sent to attack the King ot Spain in his American dominions, he set sail in 
Oct. 1740, but d. on the voyage. He w., istly, 29 Mar. 1718, at St. 
Mary Magdalen's, Old Fish Str., London, Marion, only child of Sir John 
ShaWjC") or ScHAW, Bart. [S.], of Greenock, co. Renfrew, by Margaret, da. 
of Sir Hew Dalrymple, ist Bart. [S. 1698], of North Berwick. She, who 
was b. 7 Dec. 1700, d. at Edinburgh 21 Mar. 1733, in her 33rd year, 
having had 10 children. He »;., 2ndly, 1739, Elizabeth, widow of James 
Fleet, of Tewin, Herts (who d. 29 Apr. 1733), and before that of Capt. 
Sabine, 2nd da. of Thomas Malyn, of Battersea, Surrey. Yie d. as afsd., 
after 13 days' illness, of a bloody flux, 20 Dec. 1740, aged 54, and 
was bur. on the beach of Prince Rupert's Bay, Dominica. M.I. Will pr. 
1 74 1. His widow m., 4thly, 18 May 1745, Hugh Macguire, an Irish 
officer in the Hungarian service, afterwards Lieut. Col. in the British 
service. For 20 years he is said to have kept her a prisoner in Ireland, viz. 
till his death in I764.('=) She d. 3 Aug. 1789, in her 98th year, at Tewin 
afsd., and was i5'«r. there. M.I-C^) Will pr. 1789. 

if) Alan Cathcart, his elder br. (who d. before his father became a Peer), was 
drowned on his passage to Holland, Aug. 1699. 

C>) This Baronetcy was cr. 28 June 1687, and became extinct 5 Apr. 1752, by 
the death of John, the 3rd Bart, (grandson of the grantee). 

(■=) A passage in a letter from E. Young (author of Night Thoughts) to the Duchess 

of Portland, dated 28 Oct. 1746, which begins "Lady C at 59 is smitten with 

the gay feathers of 33 " bears out this story — as does another letter from the same to 
the same, dated 3 Feb. 1747, where Lady Cathcart and Macguire are mentioned 
nominatim. See Hist. MSS. Com., Lord Bath's MSS., vol. i, pp. 297 and 304. V.G. 

C^) This commemorates but two (the ist and 3rd) out of her four husbands; 
dwelling chiefly on " her boundless acts of charity," of which the only tangible one 
is a gift of ^^5 a year for schooling the poor of Tewin. In Miss Edgeworth's 

14 



io6 CATHCART 

IX. 1740. 9. Charles Schaw (Cathcart), Lord Cathcart 

[S.], 3rdQ but ist surv. s. and h. by ist wife, b. at 
Edinburgh, 21 Mar. 1721. Capt. 20th regt., 1742; a Lord of the Bed- 
chamber; was A.D.C. to H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland, at the 
battle of Fontenoy, 30 Apr. 1745, where he was severely woundedjC*) and 
where his only surv. br. was slain in his 23rd year. Capt. 3rd regt. of 
Foot Guards, June 1745, Col. and Adjutant Gen. to the Forces in North 
Britain, 1750; Major Gen. 1758, becoming, finally, Lieut. Gen. in 1760. 
He was from Nov. 1 748 to Oct. 1 749 one of the hostages to France for 
the performing of the definite treaty. Rep. Peer [S.] 1752-76. High 
Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly of the Kirk [S.], 1755-63, and 
1773-76; Gov. of Dunbarton Castle 1761-64; K.T. 13 Apr. 1763. First 
Lord of Police 1764 till his death. On 24 Feb. 1768 he was appointed 
Ambassador to the Court of Russia, at St. Petersburg, where he 
remained till 1771. P.C. 29 June 1768. Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ. 
1773-75. He m., 24 July 1753, at Greenwich Hospital, Jean, da. of Lord 
Archibald Hamilton, Gov. of Greenwich Hospital (7th s. of Anne, suo jure 
Duchess of Hamilton [S.]),by his 2nd wife, Jane, da. of James (Hamilton), 
6th Earl of Abercorn [S.]. She, who was b. 19 Aug. 1726, in London, 
d. at St. Petersburg, 13 Nov. 1771, and was bur. in Audley chapel, St. Geo., 
Han. Sq. He d. 14 Aug. 1776, at his house, Grosvenor place, Midx., in 
his 56th year. Will pr. Aug. 1776. 

X. 1776. 10 and I. William Schaw (Cathcart), Lord 

Cathcart [S.], s. and h., b. at Petersham, Surrey, 

VISCOUNTCY. 17 Sep., and bap. 15 Oct. 1755; ed. at Eton, 1766-71; 

, o studied law at Dresden and Glasgow; entered Line. Inn, 

'■ Nov. 1775, and was admitted as an Advocate at Edin- 

FART DOM '^^'■gh, Feb. 1776. Entered the Army (7th Dragoons) 

on his father's death, in 1777, and served with the 
I. 1 8 14. 1 6th and 17th Light Dragoons in America; Major 

98th regt., 1779; and, shortly afterwards. Quarter 
Master Gen. to the Forces in America, till 1780, when he returned home; 
Lieut. Col. Coldstream Guards 178 1, which he exchanged, in 1789, for 
that of the 29th Foot, of which he was Col. 1792-97. He was Col. in the 

Castle Rackrcnt several particulars are given of Col. Macguire's treatment of his 
wife. G.E.C. Her avowed motives for her various marriages were, the first to please 
her parents, the second for money, the third for title, and the fourth because " the 
devil owed her a grudge and would punish her for all her sins." See Gents Mag., 
Aug. 1789, where there is a full account of her and her troubles with her rascally 
fourth husband, who recalls Thackeray's Barry Lyndon. V.G. 

(^) His twin elder brothers, George Alan, and John, h. in Edinburgh, 21 Mar. 
1 719, both d. young, and were bur. at Holyrood. He sold the estate of Auchen- 
cruive in 1764, which had been in his family since 1376. V.G. 

(^) The black patch over the "Fontenoy " scar on his cheek (of which he was very 
proud) appears in all his portraits. 



CATHCART 107 

Army, 1790; Major Gen., 1794; Lieut. Gen., 1801; and General, 18 12. 
He distinguished himself at the battle of Buren, 8 Jan. 1795, '^"'i was in 
command of the troops that finally left Germany in Dec. of that year. Rep. 
Peer [S.] 1788-1812 (Tory); Lord Lieut, of co. Clackmannan, 1794-1803; 
Vice Admiral of Scotland, 1795 till his death; Col. 2nd regt. of Life Guards 
(Gold Stick), Aug. 1797 till his death. P.C. 28 Sep. i798;P.C. [I.] 8 Nov. 
1803. Com. in Chief of the forces in Ireland, 1803-05; of the forces in 
Scotland, 1806-14, ^^^ of the Army against Denmark, June to Oct. 
1807, where he effected the easy capture (7 Sep. 1807) of Copenhagen. 
K.T., being invested at Windsor, 23 Nov. 1805. Chairman of the 
Committees of the House, 1 790-94. (^) On 9 Nov. 1 807, he was cr. BARON 
GREENOCK of Greenock, co. Renfrew, and VISCOUNT CATHCART 
of Cathcart in the same co. [U.K.], and a sum, estimated at ;/^300,ooo 
of prize money, was divided between him and Admiral (afterwards 
Lord) Gambier; the Viscount, however, only receiving ;^i8,ooo.('') On 
28 Jan. 1808 he received the thanks of the House of Lords for his 
services in Denmark. Ambassador to the Court of Russia 1805-06, 
and again from July 18 12 to 1820, being one of the Commissioners who 
invested the Emperor with the Order of the Garter, on 27 Sep. i8i3.('=) He 
was also Military Adviser to the German and Russian Generals, and to his 
diplomatic services in a great measure was owing the good understanding 
then effected between England, Russia, Austria, and Prussia. Knight of 
St. George of Russia (4th Class), and Knight of St. Anne of Russia, 
30 Sep. 1 8 13, and Knight of St. Andrew of Russia, 6 May 18 14. On 
16 July 18 14, he was cr. EARL CATHCART.C^) He was Joint Minister 
Plenipo. to the Congress of Vienna, 18 14-15. Gov. of Hull, 1830-43. He 
m., 10 Apr. 1779, at New York, Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Andrew Elliot, 
of Greenwells, co. Roxburgh, Lieut. Gov. of New York, by Elizabeth 
Plumstead, an American lady. He d. 16 June 1843, at Gartside, near 
Glasgow, in his 8 8th year.^) Will pr. July 1 843. His widow, who 1 793-98 
was Lady of the Bedchamber to the younger Princesses, d. 14 Dec. 1847, at 
Cathcart House, co. Renfrew. Admon. July 1848. 



[William Cathcart, Master of Cathcart, s. and h. ap., ^. in London, 
30 June 1782. Ed. at Eton. Capt. R.N. Mar. 1 804. He ^. unm. 5 June 



(^) He was succeeded, curiously enough, in this office by John Warren, Bishop of 
Bangor. V.G. 

C") ;^300,000 was probably the gross sum divided between all ranks of the services 
engaged. V.G. 

("=) For a list of Garter Missions see vol. ii. Appendix B. 

{^) As to the omission of the word "of" in titles of Earldoms, see note sub Charles, 
Earl Cadogan [1800]. 

(=) "I remember [him] riding into Glasgow, when he was approaching eighty 
years, sitting as upright and firm in his saddle as if he had been sentinel at the Horse 
Guards." (P. R. Drummond, F.S.A., in Perthshire in Bygone Days). V.G. 



io8 



CATHCART 



1804, in his 22nd year, of yellow fever, at Jamaica, when in command of 
H.M.S. "Clarinda."] 



EARLDOM AND 

VISCOUNTCY. 



II. 

BARONY [S.] 
XI. 



2 and 1 1. Charles Murray (Cathcart), 
Earl Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart, 
fffc, also Lord Cathcart [S.], 2nd but ist 
[1843. surv. s. and h., b. 21 Dec. 1783, at Walton, 
Essex. Ed. at Eton. Entered the army 
2 Mar. 1800; Major, 1807, serving as such 
in the Walcheren expedition in 1809; Lieut. 
Col. 1 8 10, serving as such in the Peninsula; 
was at the battle of Barossa (gold medal) 6 Apr. 18 12, of Salamanca and of 
Vittoria, being, 1814-43, ^lyi^d Lord Greenock. Was for many years 
(1807 and 1814-23) an Assistant Quarter Master Gen., though not at 
headquarters. Had 3 horses shot under him at the battle of Waterloo 
(medal), 1 8 1 5 ; C.B. 4 June 1 8 1 5 ; Knight of St. Vladimir of Russia 2 1 Aug. 
18 15; Knight of Wilhelm of the Netherlands Oct. 18 15; Col. in the army 
1819, Major Gen. 1830, Lieut. Gen. 1841, and finally Gen. 1854. Lieut. 
Col. of the Royal Staff Corps at Hythe 1823-30; Com. of the Forces in 
Scotland and Gov. of Edinburgh Castle 1837-42. K.C.B. 19 July 1838. 
Com. in Chief in Canada 1845-47; Gov. Gen. of Canada 1846; Com. of 
the Northern and Midland district of England 1 849-54. He was also Col. 
of the I ith Hussars 1842-47; of the 3rd regt. of Dragoon Guards 1847-51, 
and of the ist regt. of Dragoon Guards 1851 till his death. G.C.B. 21 June 
1859. A Conservative. He m., 30 Sep. 1818, in France, at the Chateau 
de Denacre, Boulogne, and again at Portsea, 12 Feb. 18 19, Henrietta, 
2nd da. of Thomas Mather. He d. 16 July 1859, at St. Leonards on Sea, 
aged 75. (^) Will pr. 10 Oct. 1859, under ;f 5,000 [U.K.]. His widow d. 
24 June 1872, aged 71, at Inch House, Edinburgh. Will pr. 29 Aug. 1872, 
under ;^ 16,000. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY. 



III. 

BARONY [S.] 
XII. 



3 and 12. Alan Frederick. (Cathcart), 
Earl Cathcart [18 14], Viscount Cath- 
cart and Baron Greenock [1807], also 
1-1859. Lord Cathcart [1460.''] in Scotland, 2nd,('') 
but 1st surv. s. and h., b. 15 Nov. 1828, at 
Hythe, Kent; ed. at the Scottish Military 
Academy; 2nd Lieut. 23rd Foot 1845, "^t 
Lieut. 1848; retired 1850. Aide-de-Camp 
to his father 1849-50; Chairman of Quarter Sessions in the North Riding 
1858-68. LL.D. Cambridge. Pres. of the Agric. Soc. 1873. A Con- 



servative. 



He 



m.. 



2 Apr. 1850, at Thornton le Street, co. York, 



(*) He was the author of several papers on Geology and kindred subjects, and 
discovered a new mineral, called after him Greenockite. 

(•>) An elder br., Charles, was b. at Hythe 23 Nov. 1824, and d. 1 1 Nov. 1825. 



CATHCART 109 

Elizabeth Mary, ist da. and coh. of Sir Samuel Crompton, Bart, (so cr. 
1838), by Isabella Sophia, da. of the Rev. the Hon. Archibald Hamilton 
Cathcart, yr. br. of the ist Earl Cathcart. She, who was b. in 1831, 
brought him considerable estates in co. York. She d'. at 31 Grosvenor 
Place, 13, and was bur. 17 Apr. 1902, at Thornton le Street. Will pr. 
above £11,000. He d. at 31 Grosvenor Place, 30 Oct., and was bur. 
4 Nov. 1905, at Thornton le Street afsd., aged nearly 77. Will pr. over 
;^ 3 1,000, in addition to considerable real estate entailed. 

[Alan Cathcart, ^/y/i?^ Lord Greenock, ists. and h. ap., i^. 16 Mar. 
1856, at Thornton le Street, co. York; ed. at Eton; sometime Lieut. 
Carabineers and subsequently (1879-81) in the Scots Guards. He d. unm., 
from haemorrhage of the lungs, 2 Sep. 191 1, in a London nursing home, 
aged ^^. Having sue. to the peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he is, as such, 
outside the scope of this work.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 4,1 14 acres in the N. and 
W. Ridings of co. York; 1,352 acres in co. Stafford, and 88 in co. Renfrew. 
Total, 5,554 acres, worth ^{^8,629 a year. Principal Residences. — Thornton 
le Street, near Thirsk, co. York, and Cathcart House, co. Renfrew. 

CATHERINGTON 

See "Hood of Catherington," Barony [L] (Hood), a. 1782; and 
Barony [G.B.], cr. \1()S- 

CATHERLOUGH (County and town of) 

As to the early holders of the honour of Carlow or Catherlough, one 
of the divisions made in 1245 of the great palatine honour of Leinster, see 
vol. xi. Appendix B. 



William, Viscount Berkeley {cr. Earl of Nottingham 1483, and Mar- 
quess of Berkeley 1488/9) appears to have assumed the title of Viscount 
Catherlough, although he inherited only a moiety of that lordship in 
1 48 I. See vol. ii, p. 134, note "b."(^) 



See " Meath," Earldom [I.] {Brabazon), cr. 1 627, as to King's Letters, 
8 Feb. 1626/7, for creating Baron Brabazon of Ardee [I.] Earl of Car- 
low [L], which were superseded by others 10 Mar. following, creating him 
Earl of Meath [L]. 

See " Ogle of Catherlough," Viscountcy [L] {Ogle), cr. 1645; extinct 
1670. 



(*) For some remarks on the assumption of Irish Viscountcies, see vol. i, Appen- 
dix A. 



no CATHERLOUGH 

i.e. "Catherlough," Marquessate of [I.] {fVharton), cr. 15 Feb. 
1714/5, with the Marquessate of Wharton and Malmesbury, which see; 
extinct i73i.(*) 

BARONY [I.] John Fane, yr. s. of Vere (Fane), Earl of Westmor- 

, LAND, by Rachael, da. of John Bence, being Col. of the 

'■^■^ 1st troop of Horse Guards, and having distinguished 

f- himself in divers battles under the Dulce of Marlborough, 

^7*^2- was cr., 4 Oct. 1733, BARON CATHERLOUGH, co. 

Catherlough [I.]. On 4 June 1736, he sue. his br. as 

Earl of Westmorland, Qc. He d. s.p., 26 Aug. 1762, when the Irish 

Barony, which had been conferred on him, as above, became extinct. See 

fuller account under "Westmorland," Earldom of, cr. 1624, under the 

7th Earl. 

EARLDOM [I.] Robert Knight, s. and h. of Robert K., of Barrells, 
, -• CO. Warwick, Cashier to the South Sea Company C') 

' ^ {d. Nov. 1744), by ( — ), his ist wife, was b. 17 Dec. 

1702. M.P. (Whig) for Great Grimsby 1734-47, for 

''"' Castle Rising 1747-54, for Grimsby again 1762-68, 

and for Milborne Port 1770 till his death. On 8 Aug. 
1745 he was cr. BARON LUXBOROUGH OF SHANNON [I.], and 
subsequently, 14 May 1763, VISCOUNT BARRELLS, co. Catherlough, 
and EARL OF CATHERLOUGH [I.]. Recorder of Great Grimsby. 
Inv. K.B. 18 May 1770, but never installed. He w., istly, 10 June 
1727, Henrietta,('^) sister of the half blood of Henry, the celebrated 
Viscount Bolingbroke, da. of Henry (St. John), Viscount St. John, by 
his 2nd wife, Angelica Magdalen, da. of George Pellisary. She, who was 
b. 15 July 1699, d. 16 Mar. 1756, and was bur. (as Baroness Luxborough) 
at Ullenhall, co. Warwick. He ;w., 2ndly, 18 June 1756, at St. Geo., 
Han. Sq., "Mary, Lady le Quesne, widow," of Bruton Str. He d. 
s.p.m.s.y 30 Mar. 1772, and was bur. at Ullenhall afsd.,('^) aged 69, when all his 
honours became extinct.^") M.I. Will dat. 1 1 and 24 Feb. 1 772, pr. 10 Apr. 

(^) An outlawry for high treason, 3 Apr. 1729 (under which it was generally con- 
sidered that these honours were forfeited), was pronounced by the House of Lords, 
28 July 1845, to have been irregular and informal. 

('') He absconded to Paris when the party enquiry was instituted into the affairs of 
the Company, and is spoken of as "a transport " in a letter of Horace Walpole. V.G. 

('^) " A high coloured, lusty, black woman, who was parted from her husband upon 
a gallantry she had with Parson Dalton . . . She retired into the country, and consoled 
herself, it is said, like Ariadne with Bacchus." (H. Walpole). She was the patroness 
of Shenstone and other small poets. V.G. 

{^) The original burial place of the Knights was a chapel at the back of Wootton- 
Wawen Church, co. Warwick, where several of their monuments still exist. Lord 
Catherlough transferred the remains to a mausoleum he built in the Park at Barrells. 
The mausoleum having been broken into, the remains were removed for burial to 
Ullenhall, and the mausoleum pulled down. V.G. 

(*) " In Ireland . . . that RifF Raff with titles resembling our own desires to be 



CATHERLOUGH in 

1772. His widow d. 1795, and was bur. at Hampton, Midx. M.I. Will 
pr. Dec. i795-(^) 

See (after the date of 1766) under " Carlow," the modern designation 
of " Catherlough." 

CAULFEILD 

i.e. "Lord Caulfeild, Baron of Charlemont " [I.]. See " Charle- 
MONT," Barony [I.] (Caulfeild), cr. 1620. 

CAUNTELOO 

BARONY BY i. William de Cauntelo,(') s. and h. of Nicholas 
WRIT. de Cauntelo {d. before 24 Sep. I266),('') by Eustache,('') 

da. and h. of Ralph fitz Hugh (') (s. and h. ap. of Hugh 
I. 1299. FITZ Ralph, (8) of Greasley, Notts, Ilkeston, co. Derby, 

&c.). He was b. and bap. in the Abbey of Lenton, Notts, 

confounded with the nobility of this country, and very often are so. It must be such 
a herald as myself to distinguish between an Earl of Carlisle and an Earl of Cather- 
lough, the son of a Transport." (George Selwyn to Lord Carlisle, 26 Feb. 1768). 
He and a Mrs. Davis appear in 1771, " Lord C . . . gh and Mrs. D . v . s" in the 
notorious tete-a-tete portraits in the Toiun and Country Mag., vol. iii, p. 1 2 1, for an 
account of which see Appendix B in the last vol. of this work. V.G. 

(^) Henry, his only s. and h., b. 25 Dec. 1728, m., 21 June 1750, Frances, da. of 
Thomas Heath, of Stanstead, Essex, and d. s.p., 1 5 Aug. 1 762, a few months before the 
creationof the Earldom, and was iJiHr. at Ullenhall. M.I. His widow ;«., 1 6 Nov. 1763, 
Henry (Scott), 4th Earl of Deloraine, and d. s.p., 1782, in France. Henrietta, tiie 
only da., m., istly ( — ) Wymondfold, of Lockinge, Berks, whom she deserted, and was 
by him divorced; she m., 2ndly, the Hon. Josiah Child and d. s.p. The estates were 
devised, by the Earl, to Robert Knight (the elder of his two illegit. sons), who was 
High Sheriff of CO. Warwick, 1797. 

(*>) This article, which differs considerably from previous accounts, has been 
kindly contributed by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

('^) His arms were Gules, a fesse Vair between 3 fleurs-de-lis Or. The lis are 
sometimes represented as wolf's heads jessant fleurs-de-lis, canting on the name, which 
is probably derived from Chanteloup, canton of Brehal, in La Manche. 

(<*) Patent Roll, 50 Hen. Ill, m. 3. He was a yr. s. of William de Cantelou 
(who d. 22 Feb. 1250/1 — Annales de Theokesberia, p. 143), and not a yr. br. as Dugdale 
and others state. His eldest br., William, m. the heiress of Abergavenny. See that 
title, under the nth Lord. 

(=) She m., 2ndly, without licence, before Oct. I 268, William de Ros, of Ingman- 
thorpe, CO. York [Curia Regis, roll no. 186, m. 30 d). See "Ros of Ingmanthorpe." 

(*) The widow of this Ralph is called Joan de Cantilupo on the Fine Roll, 
49 Hen. Ill, tn. 4, under date 29 Apr. 1265. The mother of Eustache was sister, 
and in her issue h., of Piers de la Haye, of Arlington, Sussex (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, 
file 64, no. 21 : Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 4). 

(e) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Hugh fitz Ralph), Hen. Ill, file 45, no. 7. He m. Agnes, 
da. and h. of Ralph de GreseP, of Greasley, Notts, and Middle Claydon, Bucks, 
3 knights' fees held of the honour of Peverel of Nottingham. They had livery of 
her father's lands, 19 June 1228 {Fine Roll, 12 Hen. Ill, m. 4.). 



112 CAUNTELO 

2 Apr. 1262.0 He had livery of his father's lands, 6 Sep. 1283. C") He 
was with the King in the Army of Scotland in 1303, and was sum. for 
Military Service from 26 Sep. (1298)26 Edw. I to 21 June (1308) i Edw. II, 
to attend the Coronation, 18 Jan. (1307/8) i Edw. II, and to Pari, from 
29 Dec. (1299) 28 Edw. I to 16 Aug.(') (1308) 2 Edw. 11, by writs directed 
Willelmo de Canti Lupo or Canntelo, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
CAUNTELO. C^) As Wilklmus de Cantilupo dominus de Ravenesthorp\ he 
took part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1300/1. He ?«., 
istly, before 1285, Maud, da. and h. of Osbert d'Arches,(') of Aston and 
Kereby, co. York, Somerby, co. Lincoln, Normanton, Notts, fife, by 
Maud, his wife. She, who was living at Easter i286,(^) d. s.p.s. 
He m., 2ndly, Eve, 2nd da. and coh. of Adam de Bolteby, of 
Ravensthorpe and Boltby, co. York, and Langley, Northumberland, by 
Anore, his wife. She had ;»., istly, before 27 Sep. i28o,(') Alan de 
Walkingham, of Cowthorpe, co. York, who d. shortly before 24 Dec. 
1283 ;(') and 2ndly, after 6 May 1284,(8) Richard Knout, who d. before 
1 2 Dec. 1 29 1 .(^) He d. shortly before 6 Aug. 1 308, (') aged 46.(') His widow, 
who had assignment of dower 27 Nov. 1308,0 was living 15 Jan. 13 13/4. 

II. 1308. 2. William DE Cauntelo, of Ravensthorpe, Greasley, 

Ilkeston, and Claydon, afsd., s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 
1293. Hewas aminor andunm., 15 Jan. i3i3/4.(^) Having proved his age 
and done homage, he had livery of his father's lands, 30 July 1314.0 
He was never sum. to Pari, nor on any other occasion. He obtained 
licence to enfeoff his br. Nicholas of the manors of Middle Claydon and 
Greasley, 2 Nov. 1320.0 He d. s.p.(^) 

(^) He was b. on Palm Sunday 21 years ago (Ch. Inq.p. m., Edw. I, file 37, no. 4). 

(•>) C/ose Roily 1 1 Edw. I, m. 4. Suppl. Close Roll, no. 7, mm. 4, 3, 3 d. 

('') This was more than ten days after his decease. 

(■*) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

C^) De Banco, Mich., 5 Edw. II, m. 272. 

if) Close Roll, 8 Edw. I, m. 3 d. Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 40, no. I. 

(6) When she had licence to marry whom she would [Fine Roll, 12 Edw. I, 
m. 11). She was m. to Richard before Kirkby's Inquest, 1284-5. 

C") Fine Roll, 20 Edw. I, m. 16. 

(') Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 9, no. 4. 

(J) On his death, the lands which he had held by the courtesy of England of his 
1st wife's inheritance fell to William d'Erghum, aged 40, and Thomas d'Outhenby 
or d'Aunby, aged 26, the representatives of her paternal aunts, Joan and Christian, 
respectively. 

('') On which date he, though under age, sought to have a writ de et ate probanda. 
He was on this occasion offered in marriage Joan, da. of John de Grey, or Margaret, 
da. of Robert de Strenle, but he expressly answered and said that he would not have 
any woman to wife. {Close Roll, 7 Edw. II, m. 13 d). 

(') Close Roll, 8 Edw. II, m. 35. Patent Roll, 14 Edw. Yi, pars I, m. II. 

(") An entry on the Patent Roll, 15 Edw. \\, pars i, w. 7, refers not to him 
but to his father, as the advowson of Aston co. York belonged in 1 32 1 to Thomas 
d'Outhenby [Reg. Melton, 150 b), as successor to the elder William. 



CAUNTELO 113 

III. 1 32 1? 3. Nicholas de Cauntelo, Lord Cauntelo, br. 

and h. He had respite from taking the arms of a knight, 
26 Sep. 1324, and 3 Mar. 1325/6 till 11 May following,(') but was 
knighted 19 Apr. 1326. Appointed Keeper of Berwick-on-Tweed, 2 Apr. 
1335. C") He founded the Abbey of Beauvale at Greasley, 9 Dec. 1343. 
He was sum. for Military Service from 22 Jan. (1334/5) 8 Edw. Ill to 
4 July (1345) 19 Edw. Ill, to Councils from 25 Apr. (1337) 11 Edw. Ill 
to 25 Feb. (1341/2) 16 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 22 Jan. (1135/6) 
9 Edw. Ill to 15 Mar. (1353/4) 28 Edw. Ill, by writs directed 
Nkholao de Canti Lupo or Cantilupo. He w., istly, Tiphaine. He m., 
2ndly, Joan, widow of Sir William de Kyme, of Kyme, co. Lincoln [Lord 
Kyme] (who d. shortly before 25 Mar. 1 337/8). (°) He enfeoffed 
certain persons of his manors of Greasley, Notts, Ilkeston, co. Derby, 
Middle Claydon and Ellesborough, Bucks, Lavington, Kingthorpe, and 
Withcall, CO. Lincoln. Also by a fine, a die S. Michaelis in xv dies (1354) 
28 Edw. Ill, he settled the manors of Ravensthorpe, Boltby, Thirlby, 
Stainley, Farnham, Azerley, Brathewait, and Redmire, co. York, on him- 
self and Joan his wife and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to William s. of 
William his s., rem. to Nicholas br. of the said William s. of William, in 
successive tail general, rem. to his own right heirs. ('') Having thus dis- 
posed of the entire property of which he had the disposal, he ^. 31 July 
1355.0 ^'^ feoffees demised the seven manors abovenamed to his 
widow Joan, for life, rem. to Nicholas s. of William his s., rem. to William 
br. of the said Nicholas s. of William, in successive tail general, rem. to the 
right heirs of him the said Nicholas the grandfather. His widow d. s.p., 
16 Oct. 1362.(0 

(») Fine Roll, 18 Edw. II, m. 22; Patent Roll, 19 Edw. II, pars 2, m. 19. 

(•>) Scottish Roll, 9 Edw. Ill, m. 42. 

("=) Writ oi diem cl. ext. 25 Mar. [Fine Roll, 12 Edw. Ill, m. 29). 

i^) Feet of Fines, case 275, file 121, no. 38. 

(') " Nicholaus de Cantelupo." Writs of diem cl. ext. I Sep. 29 Edw. in 
England and 16 in France. Inq., cos. Lincoln, Northants, Middlesex, Bucks, Monday 
the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross [14 Sep.], Saturday before and Saturday 
after St. Matthew [19, 26 Sep.], and Monday before St. Michael [28 Sep.] 1355. "Item 
dicunt quod predictus Nicholaus de Cantelupo obiit die veneris proximo ante festum 
sancti Petri quod dicitur advincula nunc proximo preteritum [3 1 July] et quod Nicholaus 
filius Willelmi filius predicti Nicholai est heres ejus propinquior et est etatis xiij annorum 
[et amplius — co. Northants]." Similar writs, 16 Oct. following. Inq., cos. Lincoln, 
Notts, Derby, Thursday and Saturday before St. Martin [5, 7 Nov.], and Friday after 
All Saints [6 Nov.] 1355. "Dicunt eciam quod dictus Nicholaus obiit die veneris 
proxima ante [post — cos. Notts, Derby} festum sancti Petri ad vincula anno etc. vicesimo 
nono Dicunt eciam quod Willelmus de Cantilupo chivaler est filius et heres dicti 
Nicholai et est etatis triginta annorum et amplius." Inq., co. Bucks, Thursday after 
SS. Simon and Jude [29 Oct.] 1355. "... idem Nicholaus obiit die veneris 
proximo post festum sancti Jacobi Apostoli ultimo preterite [31 July]." Heir: as 
next above. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 130, no. 4: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 13, 
no. 1 1). 

"Johanna que fuit uxor Willelmi de Kyme." Writ of diem cl. ext. 16 Oct. 

15 



114 CAUNTELO 

IV. 1355 4. Sir William de Cauntelou, s. and h. by ist wife, 

to aged 30 and more at his father's death. Having been 

1375. postponed in his inheritance to both his sons and their 

issue, he was not sum. to Pari. On the death of his 
yr. s., s.p., he succeeded as his father's right heir, and, having done 
homage and fealty, he had livery of Middle Claydon, Ellesborough, 
Greasley, and Ilkeston, 6 July 1375. (^) He m. Joan, ist da. of Sir Adam 
DE Welle, of Well, co. Lincoln [Lord Welle], by Margaret, his wife.C") 
He d. s.p.s., shortly afterwards,('') when any Barony, that may be supposed 
to have been created by the writ of 1299, became extinct.(^) 

His two sons, abovenamed, who held the family estates before him, 
were as follows: 

(a). Nicholas de Cauntelou, aged 13 and more at his grandfather's 
death. He inherited Greasley, Ilkeston, Claydon, i^c, on the death of 

[s/V] 36 Edw. III. Inq., co. Lincoln, Saturday after St. Martin [12 Nov.] 1362. 
" Et dicunt quod predicta Johanna obiit die dominica proximo ante festum sancti 
Luce Ewangeliste [16 Oct.] anno etc. tricesimo sexto." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 171, no. 103). 

(^) Nicholas de Cauntelou chr. had enfeoffed Thomas de Neumarche chr., John 
Bussy, and Hugh Cressy, of these four manors, which they gave to Joan, who was the 
wife of the said Nicholas, for life, with rem. after her death to Nicholas s. of William 
de Cauntelou chr. similiter defuncto and the heirs of his body, rem. to William br. of 
Nicholas s. of William yaw defuncto and the heirs of his body, rem. to the right heirs 
of the said Nicholas the grandfather: " cepimus homagium et fidelitatem ipsius 
Willelmi de Cantilupo filii et heredis predicti Nicholai avi etc." [Fine Roll, 
49 Edw. Ill, m. 20). Two writs de non intromittendo, of the same date, put him in 
possession of the three Lincolnshire manors, and of Amesbury, Wilts. {Close Roll, 
49 Edw. Ill, m. 23). 

i^) Both she and her son Nicholas are mentioned in her father's will, 21 Sep. 

1344- 

(■=) He never obtained the manor of Ravensthorpe, ^c, co. York. William de 

Cauntelou the younger had given it to feoffees, 6 Aug. 1372, and after his death on 
" die mercurii in tercia septimana xl' [28 Mar.] anno etc. xlix," they gave it to 
Thomas, s. of Sir Robert de Ros of Ingmanthorpe, and the heirs of his body: and 
the said Robert entered the manor and held it till the escheator took it into the 
King's hand, 19 Sep. I Ric. II. Subsequently, William la Zouche the younger and 
Reynold Grey of Ruthin knt. (h. of John de Hastynges, who d. s.p.) recovered 
the manor and had livery of their purparties, 5 Dec. 1390, and 27 Oct. 1391, 
respectively. [Escheators'' Enrolled Accounts, no. 6, m. 45 d: Coram Rege, Hilary, 
6 Ric. II, m. 45: Fine Rolls, 1 Ric. II, pars l, m. 25, pars 2, m. 19, 5 Ric. II, m. 16, 
14 Ric. II, m. 12, 15 Ric. II, m. 21: Close Roll, 15 Ric. II, m. 22). 

(^) It was found, by various inquisitions co. York, I and 4 Ric. II, that the 
younger William d. at the date given in note " c " next above, and that his coheirs 
were (i) John, aged 4 and more in Sep. 1377, s. and h. of John de Hastynges late 
Earl of Pembroke, s. of John, s. of Laurence, s. of John, s. of John, s. of Joan: and (2) 
William la Zouche chr., aged 60 and more in Sep. 1377, s. of Eudes, s. of William, 
s. of Milicent: the said Joan and Milicent being daughters and heirs of William de 
Cauntelo, br. of Nicholas, father of William, father of Nicholas, father of William, 



CAUNTELO 115 

his step-grandmother in 1362. He m. Katherine. He d. s.p. and v.p., 21 or 
22 Feb. 1 3 70/ 1, at Avignon. (^) His widow died before 6 July I375.('') 

(F). Sir William de Cauntelou, br. and h., aged 26 and more at his 
brother's death. He inherited Ravensthorpe, if}c., co. York, on the death 
of his step-grandmother in 1362. He had livery of his brother's lands, 
26 Sep. 1371, his homage being respited, as he was then on the King's 
service in Aquitaine.('') Hew/.Maud. Yi&d.s.p. and -y./)., 3 1 Mar. 1375. C"^) 
His widow ;;;., 2ndly (pardon for marrying without lie, 24 Oct. I379),(°) as 
2nd wife, Sir Thomas de Kydale, of South Ferriby, co. Lincoln. They had 

father of the said William who d. s.p. Eventually, William la Zouche of Harring- 
worth [d. 1 381) obtained the manors in cos. Derby, Notts, Wilts, and Lincoln. 
(Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 43, no. 3; Exch. Enrolments, no. 203; Ch. hiq. p. ot., 
Ric. II, file 14, no. 15, file 74, no. no, and (on William la Zouche) file 23, no. 62). 

(^) " Nicholaus de Cantilupo." Writs of diem cl. ext. 8 May and 9 July 
45 Edw. in England and 32 in France. Inq., co. Lincoln, Monday before and 
Saturday after St. Barnabas [9, 14 June] 1371. "Et dicunt quod predictus Nicholaus 
obiit in Aviniona die veneris proximo ante festum sancti Petri in Cathedra [21 Feb.] 
anno etc. xlv*" et quod Willelmus de Cantilupo chivaler est frater et propinquior heres 
predicti Nicholai et est etatis xxiiij" [a/iter xxvj] annorum et amplius." Inq., 
Bucks, Thursday after St. Swithun [17 July] 1371. "... obiit xxj° die Februarii 
ultimo preterito." Inq., co. Derby, Saturday the vigil of SS. Peter and P.-iul [28 June] 
and 12 July 1371. "... obiit die sabati in festo sancti Petri in Cathedra ultimo 
preterito [22 Feb.]." Inq., Notts, Saturday after Corpus Christi [7 June] 1 37 1. 
"... obiit die veneris proxima post festum sancti Valentini ultimo preterita 
[21 Feb.]." Heir: as above, aged 25 and more, or 26. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 220, no. 13). 

(*) "Nicholaus de Cauntelou." Writ oi mandamus 28 June 45 and 32 Edw. 
Inq., CO. Lincoln, Saturday after St. Michael [4 Oct.] 1371. He had settled the 
manors of Lavington, Kingthorpe, and Withcall, on himself and Katherine his wife 
adhuc superstitem and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to his right heirs. {Idem). A 
commission of oyer and terminer was appointed, 10 Mar. 1365/6, on a complaint by 
Nicholas that Ralph Paynel chr. and others had ravished Katherine his wife, and 
carried her away from his castle of Greasley. {Patent Roll, 40 Edw. Ill, pars i, '«. 37 d). 

(<=) Close Roll, 45 Edw. Ill, m. 15. 

(<i) "Willelmus de Cantilupo chivaler junior." Writs of diem cl. ext. 12 Apr. 
49 Edw. in England and 36 in France. Inq., cos. Lincoln (2), Bucks, Tuesday and 
Thursday in Easter week [24, 26 Apr.] and Wednesday after St. Dunstan [23 May], 
1375. "Et dicunt quod predictus Willelmus obiit die sabati proxima post festum 
Annunciacionis beate Marie virginis [31 Mar.] anno supradicto . . . Et dicunt quod 
Willelmus de Cantilupo chivaler qui nunc est pater predicti Willelmi defunct! est 
filius et propinquior heres predicti Nicholai de Cantilupo chivaler et est etatis quadragmta 
annorum et amplius." Inq., cos. Notts, Derby, 11, 12 May 1375. Heir: as above, 
of full age. Inq., Wilts, I May 1375. "... obiit die dominica proximo ante 
festum dominice in Ramis Palmarum proximo preterits [8 Apr.] sine herede de 
corpore suo exeunte." Inq., co. York, 22 June 1375. "... obiit ultimo die 
Marcii ultimo preterito." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 243, no. 28: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 37, no. 15, and Enrolments, no. 173). 

(') Patent Roll, 3 Ric. II, pars I, m. 19. 



ii6 CAUNTELO 

assignment of her dower on Ravensthorpe, lo Nov. 1 379-0 He d. shortly 
before 30 Nov. i38i.('') She 7«., 3rdly (pardon for marrying without lie, 
27 Oct. 1382), (*>) as 2nd wife, Sir John Bussy, of Hougham, co. 
Lincoln, who was beheaded at Bristol, 30 July 1399, and attainted. She 
predeceased him. 



CAVAN 

Viscountcy [I.], 8 Sep. 1541 ; Barony [I.], May 1561 {O'Reilly)^ both 
titles intended to be cr. but no patent passed. See O'Reilly, Earldom 
[I.], 1 56 1. 



CAVAN (county and town of) 

BARONY [I.] I. Oliver Lambart, only s. of Walter L.,^) by 

^ ^0 his 1st wife. Rose, da. of Sir Oliver Wallop, was 

knighted at the storming of Cadiz, in June 1596, by 
the Earl of Essex, whom he accompanied into Ireland, 
where, during the Earl's absence (1594), he was Master of the Camp; was 
Sergeant Major of the Army and, in 1601, Gov. of Connaught, and, having 
helped in reducing the province of Ulster, received large grants of land in 
Ireland. P.C. [I.] 1603. M.P. for co. Cavan, 1 613-15; one of the Council 
for Munster, 161 5. On 17 Feb. 161 7/8, he was cr. LORD LAMBART, 
BARON OF CAVAN,('^) co. Cavan [I.]. He w., before 3 Jan. i598/9,(') 
Hester, da. of Sir W^illiam Fleetwood, of Cranford, Midx., by Jane, da. 
of William Clifton, of Brimpton, Somerset. He d. in London, shortly 
after i June,(') and was bur. (as " the Lord Oliver Lambert ") 10 June 161 8, 
in Westm. Abbey. Will, without date, pr. 15 June 16 18. Inq.p. m. taken 
at Cavan, at Athlone, co. Roscommon, (^c, as to his vast estates in 
Ireland. His widow d. \^ Mar. 1639, and was bur. at St. Patrick's, 
Dublin. 

(') Ch. Inq. p. w., Ric. II, file 15, no. 33. Fine Roll, 5 Ric. II, m. 6. 

('') Patent Roll, 6 Ric. II, pars I, m. 9. 

("=) This Walter was a s. of Walter Lambert, of Carshalton, Surrey, citizen and 
goldsmith of London, whose will, in which he is not named, dat. 1 1, and pr. 17 Sep. 
1545, is in P.C.C. (34 Pynnyng). Richard L., Alderman and sometime (1567) Sheriff 
of London, was not his brother, but belonged to another family of Lamberts in Wilts. 
He had a br. Richard {d. 2 Sep. 1 5 70, Inq. 12 Oct. following), who was of Haseley, 
in Twyford, co. Southants. [ex inform. R. G. FitzGerald Uniacke). V.G. 

('') See preamble to this patent in Lodge, vol. i, p. 351. 

(') When his da. Jane was bap. at Cranford. (Lyson's Middlesex Parishes, 
1800). V.G. 

(') A deed bearing this date is referred to in his will. V.G. 



CAVAN 117 

11. 161 8. 2 and i. Charles (Lambart), Lord Lambart, 

Baron Cavan [I.], s. and h., b. in Ireland, aged 1 8 years 
EARLDOM [L] and 2 months at his father's death. M.P. for Bossiney, 
T r Cornwall 1626, and 1628-29. Took his seat in the 

^'' House of Lords [L] Nov. 1634, distinguishing himself 

as a speaker. Seneschal of co. Cavan and of Kells, 
1627. P.C. [L]. Raised a regt. of 1,000 Foot against the Rom. Cath. 
rebels. Commander of the Forces in Dublin in 1642, being very active in 
the cause of the King. On i Apr. i647,(*) he was cr. VISCOUNT 
KILCOURSIE in King's County, and EARL OF THE COUNTY OF 
CAVAN [I.]. He ;«., before 30 June 1625, Jane, sister of John, ist Earl 
OF Radnor, da. of John (Robartes), ist Baron Robartes of Truro, by 
Frances, da. and coh. of John Hender. She, who was bap. 21 Dec. 1598, 
at Truro, d. 1655. He d. 25 June, and was bur.^ with his wife, 4 July 
1660, in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, aged about 60. Will dat. 15 Feb. 
1659, pr. 28 June i66o('') in Dublin. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
IL 



BARONY [I.] 

in. 



2 and 3. Richard (Lambart), Earl of 

Cavan, Csfc. [I.], s. and h., who appears to 

^^ have been passed over by his father (in favour 
1660. r ki- T 1 \ 1 ■ 1 • • 

or a yr. s., Oliver Lambart) as to the mnentmg 

of the chief part of the family estates. He was 

M.P. for Kilbeggan, 1647-49. Either he or 

his successor sat as " Lambert, Earl of Cavan," 

in the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 1689. ('=) He m., istly, 12 Nov. 1648, 

Rose, 2nd da. of Sir James Ware, of Macestown, co. Dublin, by his ist 

wife, Elizabeth, da. of Jacob Newman. She, who was b. 10 Jan. 1627, d. 

29 Dec. 1649, and was bur. at St. Werburgh's, Dublin. He »z., 2ndly,('') 
Elizabeth, widow of Francis Derenzi, oMf rK^w^ Keane, of Tinnecross,Kilbride, 
in King's County. He was found a lunatic in 1670, and the custody of 
his person was committed to his wife, Elizabeth, i Mar. 1674/5. She d. 
1686. He d. shortly before May i69i.(^) Admon. 3 Aug. 1691. 

(*) It is stated in Lodge., vol. i, p. 355 note., that "the patent passed the seals in 
Apr. 1647 '^u'^'S not inrolled in H.M's. High Court of Chancery." The privy seal was 
dat. at Newcastle 14 Jan. 1646/7. This (and not the patent) is stated, in Lodge's 
MS. patents, to have been enrolled " R. 19." In Salmon's peerage the date is 

30 Mar. 1647, the same date as the Earl of Donegall's patent, which immediately 
precedes it, but in Lodge's MS. it is I April, as given above. 

C*) There is an entry in the Registers of St. Audoen's, Dublin, under I 7 July 
1660, of the burial of " Lord Lambert." This may refer to him, or possibly to his 
son, the Hon. Charles Lambart, said to have d. 2 June 1660, at. 23, and to have been 
bur. the 9th at St. Patrick's. See Lodge, vol. i, p. 357. 

(') For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D to this 
volume. 

("*) There is a lie. at the Fac. office, 20 Nov. 1660, for him (then aged 36 and a 
widower) to marry Amphillis Wray, of St. Giles' s-in-the-Fields, about 25, at Lincoln's 
Inn, or Gray's Inn, Chapel. No such marriage however appears to have taken place. 

("=) On 3 May 1691 a bill in Chancery was filed by Mary, Countess Dowager of 



ii8 



CAVAN 



EARLDOM [I.] 
III. 



3 and 4. Charles (Lambart), Earl of 
Cavan, fe'c. [I.], s. and h. by 1st wife, b. 
. p 7 Sep. 1649. He was abroad about 1680, and 
" ■ there continued for about ten years, taking his 
seat in the House of Lords [L] 27 Oct. 1692. 
He m., in 1670, Castilina, sister of St. Leger 
Gilbert, da. of Henry G., of Kilminchy, in 
He d. 5 Dec. 1702, "affected by his father's calamity," 
and was bur. at St. Patrick's, Dublin, aged 53. His widow d. 3 Feb. 
1742/3, aged 80, and was bur. at St. Patrick's. 



BARONY [L] 
IV. 

Queen's County. 



[Charles Lambart, styled Lord Lambart,(*) s. and h. ap., d. unm. 
v.p.^ and was bur. 13 Feb. 1689, at St. Michael le Pole, Dublin.] 



EARLDOM [I.] 
IV. 

BARONY [I.] 
V. 



1702. 



4 and 5. Richard (Lambart), Earl of 
Cavan, ^c. [I.], 2nd, but ist surv. s. and h. In 
1 69 1, fffc, he served as an Officer in Spain, the 
West Indies, and Portugal. Took his seat in 
the House of Lords [I.], 25 Nov. 1703. 
Lieut. Col. of Dormer's regt. [I.], 1715-26, and 
subsequently, Lieut. Col. of the Guards and 
Gov. of the Royal Hospital, near Dublin. P.C. [I.] 21 June 1729. He 
w.,in Barbados, Margaret, da. of Capt. Richard Trant, Gov. of that island, by 
Sarah, sister of Robert Ford, and of Margaret, ist wife of the celebrated 
Sir Richard Steele. She d. 5 Aug. 1737, aged 49. He d. at his seat of 
Lambarton, Queen's Co., 8, and was bur. 13 Mar. 1741/2, at Maryborough, 
with his wife, aged 76. Will pr. 1742. 

[Gilbert Lambart, j/y/^^/LoRD Lambart,(*) s. and h. ap. He d. in 
childhood, v.p. and unm.] 



EARLDOM [I.] 
V. 

BARONY [I.] 
VI. 



5 and 6. Ford (Lambart), Earl of Cavan, 
&fc. [I.], 2nd but 1st surv. s. and h. He was 
b. 17 1 8, and took his seat in the House of 
'^*" Lords [I.], 4 Oct. 1743. Grand Master of 
Freemasons [I.] 1767-68, and 1768-69. He 
m., 24 Mar. \'j\\li., Elizabeth, da. of James 
Wall, of Dublin, by Mary, da. of Robert 
Edgeworth, of Longwood, co. Meath. She d. in Dublin, 4 Oct. 1766. He 

Cavan, and her son Richard Lambart, Esq., against Charles, Earl of Cavan, alleging 
that she was the widow and 3rd wife of Richard, Earl of Cavan, and had been mar- 
ried to him shortly after the death of Countess Elizabeth. No further proceedings 
were taken in this suit. V.G. 

(^) So called in Lodge, but his style would more correctly have been "Viscount 
Kilcoursie." See vol. iv, Appendix E, as to usage in courtesy titles. 



CAVAN 



I ii 



d. s.p.m., 29 Sep., and was bur. i Oct. 1772,0 at St. Michael's, Dublin, 
aged 54. 



EARLDOM [I.] ' 
VI. 



BARONY [I.] 
VII. 



6 and 7. Richard (Lambart), Earl of 
Cavan, &'c. [I.], I St cousin and h. male, being 
.j_„2 ^* ^^'^ ^- °^ ^^^ Hon. Henry Lambart, by 
' '' ■ Dorothea, da. of Thomas Higgison, of Por- 
tumna, co. Galway, which Henry was next 
br. to Richard the 4th Earl. He was Major 
Gen. 1772, Lieut. Gen. in the Army 1777, Col. 
of the 55th Foot, 1774-75, and Col. of the 15th Foot 1775 till his death. 
He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.], 14 Oct. 1773. He m., istly 
about I o Feb. 1 745/6, Sophia, yst. da. and coh. of (his father's br.) the Hon. 
Oliver Lambart, by Frances,('') sometime mistress to John (Sheffield), 
Duke of Buckingham. She d. .f./).,and was bur. 18 May 1749, at Westm. 
Abbey, aged 32. M.I. He w., 2ndly, 13 Nov. 1762, at St. James's, 
Westm., Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of William ("=) Davies, a Commissioner 
of the Navy. He d. 2, and was bur. 10 Nov. 1 778, at St. Patrick's, Dublin, 
aged 56, in the Earl of Cork's vault, but removed, 22 Dec. following, to 
one built for him. M.I. Will pr. Feb. 1779. His widow d. 27 Feb. 1811, 
at Clifton. Admon. Mar. 18 11. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
VII. 



BARONY [I.] 
VIII. 



1778. 



7 and 8. Richard Ford William (Lam- 
bart), Earl of Cavan, i^c. [I.], only s. and h. 
by 2nd wife, b. 10 Sep. 1763. Ent. the army 
1779. He was granted, 20 Dec. 1780, a pension 
of ;^300 a year. He took his seat in the House 
of Lords [I.], 16 Feb. 1786. Major G&n. 1798. 
He commanded a division in Egypt, in 1800, 
under Sir Ralph Abercrombie. Col. of the 2nd Battn. 68th Foot 1801-02, 
2nd West Indian regt. 1805-08, 77th Foot 1 808-11, 58th Foot 18 11-23, 
and of the 45th Foot 1823 till his death; Lieut. Gen. 1 805, becoming finally 
a Gen. in the Army. Knight of the Crescent in Turkey; Gov. of Calshot 
Castle, 1 8 13 till his death. He m., istly, 8 July 1782, at St. Marylebone, 
Midx., Honora Margaretta, yst. da. and coh. of Sir Henry Gould, a 
Justice of the Common Pleas, by Elizabeth, da. of the Rev. William Walker, 
Preb. of Wells. Sherf'. i Oct. 1813, in Clarges Str., Mayfair. He»2.,2ndly, 
1 1 Aug. i8i4,atKensington,Lydia,2ndda.ofWilliamARNOLD,ofSlatwoods, 
Isle of Wight, by Martha, da. of John Delafield. He d. 1 1 Nov. 1 837,('*) 



(*) Elizabeth, his only child and h., m.., Mar. 1774, Sir Michael Cromie Kt., who 
wasrr. a Baronet, 25 June 1776. 

(^) See Col. Chester's interesting note to p. 379 of his Wettm. Abbey Registers. 
(<=) Not "George" as in Diet. Nat. Biog. V.G. 
(d) Not "1836" as in Diet. Nat. Biog. V.G. 



I20 CAVAN 

aged 74, at Stanhope Place, Hyde Park, Midx. Will pr. Jan. 1838. His 
widow d. 7 Feb. 1862, aged 78, at Tunbridge Wells. Will pr. 11 Mar. 
1862, under ;^5,ooo. 

[Richard Henry Robert Gilbert Lambart, styled Viscount Kil- 
couRsiE, 1st s. and h. ap. by ist wife; b. 24 Mar. 1783; d. in infancy, v.p.^ 
19 Feb. 1785.] 

[Richard Henry Lambart, j/j/^^ Viscount Kilcoursie, 2nd, but ist 
surv. s. and h. ap., by ist wife, b. 17, and d. v.p., 19 Apr. 1788, in Sack- 
ville Str., Dublin.] 

[George Frederick Augustus Lambart, 5/)7^d' Viscount Kilcoursie, 
3rd, but 1st surv. s. and h. ap., by ist wife; b. 9 Mar. 1789. He m., 
14 May 181 1, at Cowley, Sarah, da. of John Pittman Coppin, of Cowley, 
Oxon. She d. at Torquay, Devon, 30 Dec. 1823. He d. v.p.^ 28 Dec. 
1828, at Eaglehurst, Hants, and was bur. at Fawley, Hants, aged 39. Will 
dat. 28 Aug. 1828, pr. 26 Feb. 1829.] 



EARLDOM [L] 
VIIL 



BARONY [I.] 
IX. 



1837- 



8 and 9. Frederick. John W^illiam (Lam- 
bart), Earl of Cavan, tffc. [L], grandson and 
h., being 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. of G. F. A. 
Lambart, j/y/fd' Viscount Kilcoursie, by Sarah, 
his wife, abovenamed; b. -^o Dec. 1815, at 
Eaglehurst, Hants; ed. at Eton; sometime an 
officer in the 7th Dragoon Guards. A Con- 
servative. He OT., 24 July 1838, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Caroline Augusta, 
3rd da. of Edward John (Littleton), ist Baron Hatherton, by his ist 
wife, Hyacinthe Mary Wellesley, illegit. da. of Richard (Wellesley), 
Marquess Wellesley [I.]. Hed'. at the Lodge, Weston-super-Mare, Somer- 
set, 15, and was bur. 22 Dec. 1887, in the cemetery there, aged nearly 72. 
Will dat. 19 Feb. 1887, pr. 24 Jan. 1888, over £,iofiOO. His widow, 
who was b. 1 6 May 1 8 1 7, d. at Ottawa, in Canada, 1 8 Jan., and was bur. 
2 Feb. 1892, at Weston-super-Mare. Will dat. 23 May 1889, pr. 23 Mar. 
1892. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
IX. 



9 and 10. Frederick Edward Gould 
(Lambart), Earl of Cavan, i^c. [I.], s. and 
, J.JJ h., /^. 21 Oct. 1839, at Eaglehurst, Hants; 
'■ sometime Lieut. R.N., serving at Sebastopol 
1854, at the bombardment of Canton 1856, and 
with "a forlorn hope" at the attack on Paiho 
Forts 1858. M.P. (Liberal) for South Somer- 
set, Dec. 1885-92; Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, Feb. to Aug. 
1886. P.C. 17 Feb. 1886. K. P. 3 Nov. 1894. He »2., 22 July 1863, at 
Ayot St. Lawrence, Herts, Mary Sneade, only da. and h. of the Rev. John 



BARONY [I.] 
X. 



CAVAN 121 

Olive, Rector of Ayot St. Lawrence afsd., by Ellen, ist da. of 
Joseph Thomas Brown, of Winifred House, near Bath. He d. at Wheat- 
hampstead, 14, and was bur. 18 July 1900, at Ayot afsd., aged 6o.(*) 
Will dat. 4 Mar. 1874, pr. 30 Aug. 1900, at above l^i 1,000 gross and net. 
His widow, who was b. at Ayot 20 Feb., and bap. there 5 Apr. 1846, d. of 
heart failure, at Wheathampstead House, Herts, 2, and was bur. 5 Aug. 1905, 
at Ayot St. Lawrence. 



EARLDOM [I.]] 
X. 



BARONY [I.] 
XL 



-1900. 



Frederick Rudolph (Lambart), Earl of 
Cavan [L 1647], Viscount Kilcoursie [L 1647], 
and Lord Lambart, Baron of Cavan [I. 16 18], 
s. and h. ap., h. at the Rectory, Ayot St. Lawrence, 
Herts, 16 Oct., and bap. there 19 Nov. 1865. Ed. 
at Eton. Lieut. Grenadier Guards 1885; A. D.C. 
to the Gov. Gen. of Canada 1891-93; Capt. 1897; 
Major 1902; Lieut. Col. ist Battn. Gren. Guards Feb. 1908. He served 
in the Boer War 1900-01; mentioned in Despatches. ('') M.V.O. 4th class 
29 June 1 9 10. He ?«., i Aug. 1893, at Digswell Church, Herts, Caroline 
Inez, 1st da. of George Baden Crawley, of Fitzroy farm, in Highgate, 
Midx., by Eliza Inez, ist da. of H. G. Hulbert, of East Farleigh, Kent. 
She was b. 6 Feb. 1870, at 113 Harley Str., Marylebone. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,731 acres [I. and E.], 
in CO. Mayo, and in Somerset and Herts, valued at ;£2,099 a year. 
Principal Residence. — The Lodge, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset. 

CAVENDISH OF BOLSOVER 

i.e. "Cavendish of Bolsover, co. Derby," Barony {Cavendish), cr. 
1 Mar. 1627/8, with " Newcastle-on-Tyne," Earldom of; extinct 1691. 



BARONY. 
I. 1605. 



CAVENDISH OF HARDWICK 

I. William Cavendish, was, on 4 May 1605, cr. 
BARON CAVENDISH OF HARDWICK, co. Derby. 
On 7 Aug. 1 61 8 he was cr. EARL OF DEVONSHIRE. 
See "Devonshire," Earldom of, cr. 161 8. 



fWiLLiAM Cavendish, Wc'^/ Marquess of Hartington,s. and h. ap. of 
William, Duke (and Earl) of Devonshire, was 13 June 1751 sum. to the 



(') He was a Liberal and an advanced High Churchman, whereas his father had 
been a Conservative and an evangelical of the Exeter Hall t)-pe. His principal 
pastime was lawn tennis. V.G. 

(^) For a list of peers and h. ap. of peers who served in this war, see Ap- 
pendix B to this volume. 

16 



122 CAVENDISH 

House of Lords v.p. in his father's Barony, as LORD CAVENDISH OF 
HARDWICK.(*) On 5 Dec. 1755, he sue. his said father as Duke of 
Devonshire, ^c. See that title.] 

CAVENDISH OF KEIGHLEY 

i.e. "Cavendish of Keighley, co. York," Ba.rony (Cavendish), cr. 
10 Sep. 1 83 1, with "Burlington," Earldom of, which see. 

CAVERSHAM 

i.e. "CavershaMjCo. Oxford," Viscountcy (CiJi3'o^(?«), cr. 8 May 171 8, 
with " Cadogan," Earldom of, which see; extinct 1726. 

i.e. "Oakley of Caversham,co. Oxford," Barony {Cadogan), cr. 10 Sep. 
1 83 1. See "Cadogan," Earldom of, cr. 1800, under the 3rd Earl. 

CAVERTOUN 

i.e. " Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun," Barony [S.] (Ker), cr. 1 8 Sep. 
1616, with " Roxburgh," Earldom of [S.], which see. 

CAWDOR OF CASTLEMARTIN 

BARONY. I. John Campbell, s. and h. of Pryse C, of Stack- 

, pole Court, co. Pembroke, by Sarah, da. and coh. of Sir 

'9 • Edmund Bacon, Bart., which Pryse C. was s. and h. ap. 

of John Campbell, of Cawdor Castle,('') co. Nairn (who 

d. 6 Sep. 1777), but d. v.p.; was I?, about 1753; M.P. (Tory) for co. Nairn, 

i777-8o;('=) for Cardigan, 1780-96. F.S.A. 19 June 1794; F.R.S. 4 June 

1795. On 21 June 1796 he was cr. BARON CAWDOR OF CASTLE- 

{") For a list of eldest sons of peers summoned v.p., to Pari, in one of their father's 
peerages, see vol. i. Appendix G. 

('') Muriel, da. and h. of Sir John Calder, of Calder or Cawdor, co. Nairn, m., in 
1 5 10, Sir John Campbell, 3rd s. of Archibald, 2nd Earl of Argyll [S.], bringing this 
and other Scottish estates to the Campbell family. Elizabeth, sister and h. of Sir 
Gilbert Lort, Bart., of Stackpole Court, m., in 1689, Sir Alexander Campbell, of 
Cawdor, a descendant of the above, and their s. and h., John Campbell, m. in 1726, 
Mary, da. and coh. of Lewis Pryse, of Gogarthan, being parents of Pryse Campbell, 
the father of the 1st Baron Cawdor. 

(■=) He was a staunch supporter of Lord North both before and after he coalesced 
with Fox. He voted with the Whigs against Pitt's Regency Bill, but came over to 
him with Portland and Burke in 1794, and supported his war policy, being accord- 
ingly rewarded with a Peerage. After 1802 he followed the Grenvilles, was a strong 
pro-Catholic, and from about that time onward must again be classed as a Whig. 
J. H. Round points out that his chief distinction was the capture of the French force 
which landed in Fishguard Bay 22-24 Feb. 1797, and surrendered, without fighting, 
to him, when in command of the local troops. V.G. 



CAWDOR 123 

MARTIN, CO. Pembroke. Col. in the army, during service, 1799; D.C.L. 
Oxford, 3 July 1 8 10. He »/., 28 July 1789, at her father's house, in 
Grosvenor Place, Isabella Caroline, ist da. of Frederick (Howard), 5th 
Earl of Carlisle, by Margaret Caroline, da. of Granville (Leveson- 
Gower), 1st Marquess of Stafford. He d. in Great Pulteney Str., 
Bath, I, and was bur. 9 June 1821, aged 66, in Bath Abbey.(^) M.I. 
His widow, who was b. 3 Sep. 1771, d. 8 Mar. 1848, at Twickenham, 
aged 76. Will pr. Apr. 1848. 

II. 1821. 2 and I. John Frederick (Campbell), Baron Cawdor 

of Castlemartin, s. and h., b. 8 Nov. and hap. 9 Dec. 
EARLDOM. 1790, in London; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 21 Oct. 
J 1808, B.A. 1 8 12 (2nd class classics). M.P. (Whig) for 

^ "7" Carmarthen, i8i3-2i.('') On 5 Oct. 1827 he was cr. 

VISCOUNT EMLYN of Emlyn, co. Carmarthen, and 
EARL CAWDOR (0 OF CASTLEMARTIN, co. Pembroke. Was 
Bearer of the Queen's ivory rod at the Coronation, 8 Sep. 1831. Harleian 
Trustee of the Brit. Museum 1834 till his death. Hon. D.C.L. (Oxford) 
15 June 1 84 1. Lord Lieut, of co. Carmarthen 1852 till his death. He 
w., 5 Sep. 1 8 16, in Grosvenor Sq. (spec, lie), Elizabeth, ist da. of Thomas 
(Thynne), 2nd Marquess of Bath, by Isabella Elizabeth, da. of George 
(Byng), 4th Viscount Torrington. He d. 7 Nov. i860, at Stackpole, 
and was bur. there, aged 70 all but a day. Will pr. 10 Apr. 1861, under 
;/^i2o,ooo. His widow, who was b. 27 Feb. 1795, d. 16 Feb. 1866, at 
3 Tilney Str., Park Lane, Midx., aged nearly 71. Will pr. 5 Mar. 1866, 
under ;^3,ooo. 



EARLDOM. 
II. 



BARONY 
III. 



2 and 3. John Frederick Vaughan (Camp- 
bell), Earl Cawdor of Castlemartin, i^c, s. 
Q (■ and h., b. 1 1 July 1 8 1 7, in Grosvenor Sq., Midx. ; 
^^^°- ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), as 
Viscount Emlyn, 27 Jan. 1835, B.A. 1838, 
M.A. 1840. M.P. (Conservative) for co. 
Pembroke, 1841-60. Private Sec. to the 
Lord Privy Seal, 1841-42. Lord Lieut, of co. Carmarthen 1861 till 
his death. He m., 28 June 1842, in St. Geo., Han. Sq.,('^) Sarah Mary, 

(^) " One of the most amiable and unselfish men that ever existed." (Henry 
Greville's D/ary, 10 Nov. i860). V.G. 

C") He was originally a Whig, but joined the Conservative party after the Reform 
Bill of 1832 (for which he voted), changing like his father, but in the opposite 
direction. He was one of the 89 Protectionist peers who signed the protest against 
the Repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846. V.G. 

(■=) As to the omission of the word " of" in titles of Earldoms, see note iub Charles, 
Earl Cadogan [1800]. 

{^) This was a double wedding, his sister Elizabeth being married at the same 
place and time to John (CufFe), 3rd Earl of Desart. V.G. 



124 CAWDOR 

2nd da. of Gen. the Hon. Henry Frederick Compton Cavendish, by his 
1st wife, Sarah, da. of William Augustus Fawkener. She, who was b. 
27 Aug. 1 8 13, at Sutton Court, Chiswick, and who was Maid of Honour 
to the Queen, 1 837-42, (") d. 21 Apr. 1881, at Stackpole Court, aged 67, 
and was bur. at Stackpole. He d. there, of paralysis, after several weeks' 
illness, 29 Mar., and was bur. there 2 Apr. 1898, in his 8ist year. Will 
dat. 9 Aug. 1894, pr. 14 June 1898. 



EARLDOM. 
III. 



BARONY. 
IV. 



3 and 4. Frederick Archibald Vaughan 
(Campbell), Earl Cawdor of Castlemartin 
„ o [1827], Viscount Emlyn [1827], and Baron 
' ^ ' Cawdor of Castlemartin [1796], s. and h., b. 
13 Feb. 1847, ^^ St. Leonard's Hill, Windsor; 
ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford. M.P. (Con- 
servative) for CO. Carmarthen, 1874-85. Eccle- 
siastical Commissioner, 1880 till his death. Commissioner of Lunacy 
1886-93; Chairman of the G.W^. Railway 1895-1905; Lord Lieut, ofco. 
Pembroke 1896 till his death; Militia A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 1 899-1 901, 
and to Edward VII, and George V, 1901 till his death; Pres. of the Roy. 
Agric. Soc. 1 901 ; P.C. 14 Mar. 1905; First Lord of the Admiralty Mar. 
to Dec. i905.('') Hem., 16 Sep. 1868, at Stoke Rochford, co. Lincoln, Edith 
Georgiana, ist da. of Christopher Turnor, of Stoke Rochford afsd., by 
Caroline, da. ofGeorge William (Finch-Hatton), 9th Earl of Winchilsea. 
He d. in a nursing home in London, from the effects of a chill, 8, and was 
bur. 1 1 Feb. 19 11, at Cheriton, co. Pembroke, aged nearly S^..^") Will dat. 
7 Sep. 1903, pr. 25 Apr. 191 1, gross ;^633, 328, net ;^52, 973. His widow 
was living 19 13. 

[Hugh Frederick Vaughan Campbell, styled Viscount Emlyn 
1 898-1 9 1 1, 1st s. and h. ap., b. 21 June 1870; ed. at Eton; matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 1889, B.A. 1893. He m., 11 June 1898, at Westm. 
Abbey, Joan Emily Mary, ist da. of John Charles Thynne, by Mary 
Elizabeth, yr. da. of Sir John Atholl Murray MacGregor, 3rd Bart. She 

(*) " Your Majesty having generally chosen handsome and attractive girls for 
the Maids of Honour, which is very right, must expect to lose them in this way. 
Lord Melbourne is very glad of the marriage. Lord Emlyn always seemed to him 
a very pleasing young man, and well calculated to make a woman happy." (Viscount 
Melbourne : letter to Queen Victoria, 15 May 1842). V.G. 

(^) His appointment to the highly important post of First Lord of the Admiralty 
occasioned some surprise, as he had never held office before: the way in which he 
administered the department, however, fully justified his selection. For a list of 
holders of this office, and for other Great Officers of State, see vol. ii. Appendix D. 

("^) He was a most efficient chairman of the Great Western Railway; and was one 
of the numerous peers who have been directors of public companies, for a list of whom 
(in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. V.G. 



CAWDOR 125 

was b. 30 Oct. 1872, at 3 The Cloisters, Westm. Abbey. Having sue. to 
the Peerage after 22 Jan. 1 901, he is, as such, outside the scope of this 
work.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1 8 83, consisted of 33,782 acres in co. Carmar- 
then, 17,735 '" CO. Pembroke, and 21 in co. Cardigan, viz. 51,538 acres in 
Wales, worth ;^3 5,042 a year; besides 46,176 acres in co. Nairn and 
3>943 in co. Inverness, viz. 50,119 acres in Scotland, worth ;/;9,62o a year. 
Total, 101,657 acres, worth ;^44,662 a year. Principal Residences. — Stack- 
pole Court, CO. Pembroke; Golden Grove, co. Carmarthen; and Cawdor 
Castle, CO. Nairn. (^) 



CECIL OF ESSENDON 

BARONY, I. Robert Cecill, Knt., Chief Secretary to Queen 

I 1601 Elizabeth and to James !,('') was, 13 May 1603 (the 

^' patent being confirmed 13 Aug.), cr. BARON CECIL 

OF ESSENDON, co. Rutland. On 20 Aug. 1604 he 
was cr. VISCOUNT CRANBORNE, co. Dorset, and, on 4 May 1605, 
EARL OF SALISBURY. See " Salisbury," Earldom of, cr. 1605. 



CECIL OF PUTNEY 

i.e. "Cecil of Putney, co. Surrey," Barony (Cecil), cr. 9 Nov. 1625 
with the Viscountcy of " Wimbledon," which see; extinct 1638. 



CESSFURD 

i.e. " Ker of Cessfurd and Cavertoun," Barony [S.] (Ker), cr. 18 Sep. 
1 61 6, with the Earldom of " Roxburghe," [S.], which see. 

i.e. "BowMONT and Cessfurd," Marquessate of [S.] {Ket), cr. 25 Apr, 
1707, with the Dukedom of" Roxburghe" [S.], which see. 



CHAMPVENT see CHAVENT 
CHANDOS see CHAUNDOS 



(^) Earl Cawdor is one (the smallest owner) of the 28 noblemen who in 1883 
possessed above 100,000 acres in the United Kingdom. See vol. vi. Appendix H. 
C") See Cnatiom, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. 



126 CHANDOS 

CHANDOS OF SUDELEY 

BARONY. I. John Brydges or Bruges,Q s. and h. of Sir Giles 

. Brugge, of Cubberley, co. Gloucester {d. 1 5 1 1), by Isabel, 

-'^^' da. of Thomas Baynham, was b. and bap. 9 Mar. 

1491/2, at Cubberley; he was with the King at 
Therouenne and Tournay in the French wars, and at the battle of the 
Spurs, 16 Aug. 1 5 13, as also at Calais in Oct. 1532, and at Boulogne in 
1533; knighted 15 13; M. P. for co. Gloucester 1529-36. Keeper of Langley 
manor, and Ranger of Wichwood Forest 1536. Constable of Sudeley 
Castle, CO. Gloucester, 1538; Groom of the Privy Chamber 1539 (when the 
King received Anne of Cleves); Dep. Gov. of Boulogne 1547; Sheriff of 
CO. Gloucester 1549-50; Lieut, of the Tower of London, Aug. 1553 to 
June 1 554. Having been instrumental in suppressing Wyatt's rebellion, he 
obtained from Queen Mary a grant of the Castle and manor of Sudeley 
abovenamed. On 8 Apr. 1554 he was cr. BARON CHANDOS OF 
SUDELEY, CO. Gloucester. He attended Lady Jane Grey, as his prisoner, 
to the scaffold 4 days later. He m. Elizabeth, da. of Edmund (Grey), 
Lord Grey (of Wilton), by Florence, da. of Sir Ralph Hastings. He d. 
at Sudeley Castle, 12 Apr., and was bur. "according to his degree," 3 May 
1557, at Sudeley. Will dat. 2 Mar. 1555/6, pr. 28 May 1557. His widow 
(3'. 29 Dec. 1559, and was bur. 3 Jan. 1560, at St. Faith's, by St. Paul's, 
London. Will dat. 5 Sep. 1559, pr. 5 Jan. 1559/60. 

IL 1557. 2. Edmund (Brydges), Baron Chandos OF Sudeley, 

s. and h., b. before 1522; he fought in Scotland and 
France, and was made a Knight Banneret after the battle of Musselburgh, 
at Roxburgh, 27 Sep. 1547. M.P. for Wootton Basset 1545-47, and for 
CO. Gloucester Sep. to Dec. 1553. Lord Lieut, of co. Gloucester, 1559; nom. 
K.G. 23 Apr. and inst. 17 June i572.('') He ot., about 1548, Dorothy, 
sister and coh. of John, 2nd Lord Bray, 5th da. of Edmund (Bray), Lord 
Bray, by Jane, da. and h. of Sir Richard Halighwell, or Halywell, of 
Holwell. He d. 1 1 Mar. 1572/3, and was bur. at Sudeley. Will dat. i Mar. 
1572/3, pr. 5 June 1573. His widow, who was aged 29 in I559,('') 
w., as his I St wife, William (Knollys), Baron Knollys of Greys (after- 
wards, 1626, Earl of Banbury), who d. 25 May 1632. She ^.31 Oct. 
1605, at Minty, being bur. at Rotherfield Greys, Oxon. 

in. 1573. 3. Giles (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, s. 

and h., aged 25 in 1573. M.P. for Cricklade 1571; for 

CO. Gloucester 1572-73; Lord Lieut, of co. Gloucester 1586. He w., 

before Sep. 1573, Frances, 5th da. of Edward (Clinton), ist Earl of 

(^) His descent from and representation of Roger [Lord] Chaundos (1337-53), 
is given below, %ub Chaundos. 

('') For a list of the Knights of the Garter see vol. ii, Appendix B. 
('^) See pedigree of Bray, vol. ii, p. 288. 



CHANDOS 127 

Lincoln, by his 2nd wife, Ursula, da. of William (Stourton), Baron 
Stourton. He entertained Queen Elizabeth at Sudeley in 1592. He d. 
s.p.m.,(^) 21 Feb. 1593/4, and was bur. at Sudeley.('') Will dat. 23 July 
1592, pr. 1594. /«5'. />.»?. at Gloucester Castle, 25 July (1609) 7 Jac. 1. His 
widow d. 12 Sep. 1623, at Woburn Abbey, and was bur. at Cheneys, Beds., 
in the vault of the Russell family. Will pr. 1623. 

IV. 1594. 4- William (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 

br. and h. male. He was M.P. for Cricklade, 1572-83; 
and for co. Gloucester, 1584-87. He m. Mary, da. of Sir Owen Hopton, 
Lieut, of the Tower of London, by Anne, da. of Sir Edward Itchingham. 
He d. 18 Nov. 1602. Inq.p. in. at Marlborough, 3 Oct. (1609) 7 Jac. L His 
widow was bur. 23 Oct. 1624, at Stepney, Midx. 

V. 1602. 5. Grey (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, s. 

and h., b. before 1581. M.P. for Cricklade 1597-98; 
K.B. 5 Jan. 1604/5. Visiting Oxford with the King, he was made M.A. 
of that Univ. 30 Aug. 1 605. (") Keeper of Ditton Park, Bucks, 1 609 ; Lord 
Lieut, of CO. Gloucester, 161 3 till his death. Hew;., 28 Feb. 1607/8, Anne, 
1st da. and coh. ot Ferdinando (Stanley), 5th Earl of Derby, by Alice, 
6th da.of Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe,Northants. He t/. suddenly, loAug. 

1 62 1, at Spa, in Germany, and was bur. at Sudeley.('^) Admon. 30 Mar. 

1622. /«y. p. m. at Winchcombe (which states that he d. at Sudeley), 
II Jan. (1621/2) 19 Jac. L His widow, who was b. 1580, »;., 22 July 
1624, at Harefield, Midx., Mervj'n (Tuchet, otherwise Audley), Earl of 
Castlehaven [L],who was attainted of felony and beheaded 14 May 1631. 
She d. at Riselip, and was bur. 1 1 Oct. 1 647, at Harefield afsd. Admon. 
2 Mar. 1654/5, to her s. "William Bridges, alias Chandos." 

(*) Of his two daughters (i) Elizabeth, aged 16 in 1594, whose fortune was 
;^l6,500, was "the fair Mrs. Brydges" to whom the Earl of Essex shewed so much 
attention as to offend Queen EHzabeth. She m., in 1603, Sir John Kennedy, who 
is said to have had another wife then living. She claimed Sudeley and other estates 
as h. gen., but d. s.p., and in poverty, Oct. 1617. (2) Catherine, aged 14 in 1594, 
m., 26 Feb. 1608/9, ^' S'^- Mary-le-Strand, Midx., Francis (Russell), 4th Earl of 
Bedford, and rf. 29 Jan. 1656/7. In her s. and h., the 5th Earl and 1st Duke of 
Bedford, vested the representation of the Barony of Chaundos (1337), which now vests 
in the present (19 13) Duke. 

(•>) His writ of summons to Pari. 15 Sep. (1536) 28 Eliz. was directed Egidio 
Chandoi de Sudf/ev Ch'r, and not Egidio Brugges de Chandos as in Dugdale's Summonses, 
p. 530. (Pari. Pawn). V.G. 

('^) For a list of peers on whom this degree was conferred on the same day, see 
note stib William, Baron Howard of Effingham [1603]. 

(<^) His sumptuous style of living at Sudeley, where he kept " open house " thrice 
a week, earned him the nickname of T/.'c King of Cotstvould, and his retinue in 
London was equally elaborate. He is, by Horace Walpole and others, considered as 
the author of Horn Sul?secivee (1620), but this work is ascribed by Bishop Kennettand 
by Anthony i Wood to Gilbert, ist son of William (Cavendish), ist Earl of Devon- 
shire. G.E.C. and V.G. 



128 CHANDOS 

VI. 1 62 1. 6. George (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 

s. and h., b. 9 Aug. 1 620, being a year and a day old at his 
father's death. He was nom., by Pari., Lord Lieut, of co. Gloucester in Feb. 
i64i/2,('') but became a zealous royalist, being, later in that year, Col. of a 
regt. of Dragoons in the King's service. At the first battle of Newbury 
(20 Sep. 1643) he had 3 horses shot under him, and was mainly instrumental 
in breaking the enemy's cavalry. He is said to have been offered the Earl- 
dom of Newbury, accordingly, but to have declined it till more peaceful times. 
In 1642, and again in 1644, Sudeley Castle was taken by the Parliamentary 
forces and reduced to ruins, the owner being in London, where he had 
given himself up " to the pleasures of that place-''^") His composition, as 
a delinquent, was no less than ;{^3,973. On 13 May 1652, in a duel on 
Putney Heath, he mortally wounded Col. Henry Compton, and was, after 
a year's imprisonment, found guilty, 17 May 1653, in the "Upper Bench" 
of manslaughter.('') He m., istly, 14 Dec. 1637, at Totteridge, Herts, 
Susan, da. of Henry (Montagu), ist Earl of Manchester, by his 3rd 
wife, Margaret, widow of John Hare, da. of John Crouch, of Cornbury, 
Herts. She was bur. 20 Apr. 1652, at Harefield, Midx. He m., 2ndly, 
17 Jan. iSc^iJi, at Hedgerley, Bucks, Jane, da. of John (Savage), Earl 
Rivers, by his ist wife, Catherine, da. of William (Parker), Lord Morley. 
He d. of the smallpox, s.p.m.,(f) Feb. 1654/5, and was bur. at Sudeley, 
aged 34. Will dat. 24 Jan. 1654/5. His widow, who acquired from him 
the estate of Sudeley and other family inheritances, m., 21 Oct. 1655, at 
St. Bride's, London, Sir William Sidley, Bart., of Ailesford, Kent, who 
d. s.p., 1656. She m., 3rdly, 1657, George Pitt, of Strathfield Saye, Hants, 
who d. 27 July 1694. She d. 6 June iBjS.^^) 

VII. 1655. 7. William (Brydges), Baron Chandos OF Sudeley, 

br. and h. male. He m. Susan, da. and coh. of Garret 
Kerr, or Carr, of London. She was bur. 15 Oct. 1672, at Harefield, 
Midx. He d. s.p.m.s., and was bur. there 22 Aug. 1676.0 

VIII. 1676. 8. James (Brydges), Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 

cousin and h. male, being only s. and h. of Sir John 
Brydges, Bart., of Wilton Castle, co. Hereford, by Mary, da. and h. of 
James Pearle, of Dewsall and Aconbury in that co., which Sir John was s. 

(^) He sided at first with the Pari., and as late as Jan. 1 64 1/2 joined the popular 
leaders in the Lords in two protests against the action of that House in rejecting the 
demand of the Commons for control of the Militia. V.G. 

C") Clarendon's History of the Rebellion. 

(=) As to his sentence see vol. i, p. 264, note " b." 

(^) He had 6 daughters, 3 by each wife. V.G. 

(*) Their great-grandson and h., George (Pitt), Baron Rivers of Strathfield Saye, 
was, on I Apr. 1802, cr. Baron Rivers of Sudeley Castle, co. Gloucester, which peerage 
became extinct 31 Mar. 1880. 

(') " By and by comes my simple Lord Chandos, who began to sing Psalms, but 
so dully that I weary of it." {Pepys, 21 Dec. 1662). V.G. 



CHANDOS 129 

and h. of Sir Giles Brydges, of Wilton Castle, arsd., Bart, (so cr. 1627), 
who was s. of Charles B. of the same, 3rd but 2nd surv. s. of John, ist 
Baron Chandos of Sudeley. He was b. Sep. 1 642, and sue. his father as 
3rd Bart., 21 Feb. 165 1/2. Matric. at Oxford (St. John's Coll.) 15 June 
1657; Sheriff of co. Hereford 1667-68. He toolc his seat in the House 
of Lords 15 Feb. 1676/7, where he acted with the Tories. Ambassador of 
the Turkey Co. to Constantinople Apr. 1680 to i686.(^) He w., before 
1673, ElizabethjC") ist da. and coh. of Sir Henry Barnard, of London 
and of Bridgnorth, Salop, Turkey merchant, by Emma, da. of Robert 
Charlton, of Whitton Court, Salop. He d. 16 Oct. 17 14, aged 72, and 
was bur. at Aconbury, afsd.('') Will pr. Dec. 17 14. His widow d. 
26 May, and was bur. 5 June 1719, at Aconbury. Her will "near the 
age of 75," dat. 8 Dec. 17 17/8 [sic], pr. 9 July I7i9.('^) 

IX. 1714- 9 and I. James (Brydges), Baron Chandos of 

Sudeley, s. and h..,b. 6 and bap. 12 Jan. 1673/4, at Dewsall, 

DUKEDOM. CO. Hereford. F.R.S. 30 Nov. 1694. M.P.(«) for 

y Hereford, 1698-17 14; one of the Council to the Lord 

' "■ High Adm. (Prince George of Denmark) 1703-05; and 

Paymaster Gen. of the Forces abroad, May 1705 to 

1713.(0 On 19 Oct. 1714 he was cr. VISCOUNT WILTON co. 

(^) His successor was appointed in 1685, but J. H. Round has (1913) a copy of 
Dugdale's Baronage with Chandos's autograph and the date "Pera of Constantinople 
ye 23 Sept. 1686." V.G. 

C*) " Hearing Miss Barnard was engaged with a party to a fashionable con- 
juror, who showed the ladies their future husbands in a glass, he by a proper application 
to the cunning man, beforehand, and by a proper position at the time, was exhibited 
in the glass to Miss Barnard: clapping her hands, she cried, 'Then Mr. Brydges is 
my destination, and such he shall be."' V.G. 

("=) Bishop Burnet's character of the 8th Lord and his son, with Dean Swift's 
comments thereon in italics, is that he " was warm against King William's reign, and 
doth not make any great figure in this [i.e. that of Queen Anne], but his son Mr. Bridges 
[afterwards, 1719, Duke of Chandos] does, being a member of the House of Com- 
mons, one of the Councellors to the Prince and a very worthy gentleman. But a 
great compiler with every Court." 

('^) " I die, my dear children and grandchildren, in very poor circumstances, but 
you have a good brother." She had no less than 22 children, of whom 15 only were 
baptised, and but 8 of these (3 sons and 5 daughters) survived infancy. In her will 
she mentions two of her sons, viz. " the Earl of Carnarvon " and " the Rev. Dr. 
Brydges," giving to each son and each daughter a ring. 

(") He was a Tory under Anne till the last year of her reign, and a Whig under 
the two first Georges, regulating his political convictions more judiciously than some of 
his other affairs. During the Walpole period he steadily supported that Minister, 
while his son was an adherent of the Prince of Wales and keen in opposition. V.G. 

(^) He spent part of the wealth acquired by this most lucrative office in build- 
ing a palace at Canons, in Little Stanmore, Midx., at an expense of;^200,ooo. Here 
Handel spent two years composing anthems for the chapel thereof, and writing his first 
English Oratorio " Esther." J. H. Round quotes from J journey through England 

17 



I30 CHANDOS 

Hereford and EARL OF CARNARVON, O with a spec, rem., 
failing the heirs male of his body, to those of his late father, being 
the next month made Reversionary Clerk of the Hanaper, together with 
his two sons, John and Henry. Gov. of the Turkey Company 1718-36. 
On 29 Apr. 1 71 9 he was cr. MARQUESS OF CARNARVON and 
DUKE OF CHANDOS. P.C. 1 1 Nov. 1721 ; Gov. of the Charterhouse; 
Lord Lieut, of cos. Hereford and Radnor (being reappointed thereto by 
George II) 1721-42; Chancellor of the Univ. of St. Andrew's 1724 till 
his death; Ranger of Enfield Chase; a Gov. of the Foundling Hospital, 
1739. He m., istly, 27 Feb. 1695/6, at Westm. Abbey, Mary, da. and 
eventually sole h. of Sir Thomas Lake, of Canons in Whitchurch, Midx., by 
Rebecca, da. of Sir John Langham, Bart. She, who was bap. 18 July 1668, 
at Whitchurch, d. at Canons, 15, and was bur. 23 Dec. 17 12, at Whit- 
church. He ;«., 2ndly, 4 Aug. 17 13, at Chelsea Coll. Chapel, Midx., his 
2nd cousin, CassandrajC") sister of Thomas, ist Baron Middleton, da. 
of Francis Willoughby (the natural philosopher), of WoUaton, Notts, by 
Emma, da. and coh. of Sir Francis Barnard, of Bridgnorth and London, 
Turkey merchant. She d. of apoplexy, s.p., 16, and was bur. 26 July 
1735, at Whitchurch. He m., 3rdly, 18 Apr. 1736, Lydia Catherine ("=) 
(" worth ;^40,ooo "), widow of Sir Thomas Davall, of Ramsey, Essex, 
da. of John van Hatten, by Lydia, da. of Thomas Davall, merchant. 
The "Princely Chandos " d. aged 70, at Canons, 9, and was bur. 23 Aug. 
1744, at Whitchurch (otherwise Little Stanmore). M.I. at that church, 

(1724), "The chapel . . . hath a choir of vocal and instrumental musick, as the Royal 
chapel, and when his Grace goes, he is attended by his Swiss Guards ranged as the 
Yeomen of the Guard, few German Sovereign Princes live with that magnificence." 
According to Diet. Nat. Biog. the statue of George I "which helped till 1873 to make 
Leicester Square hideous " was among the contents of Canons. Canons is doubtless the 
"Timon's villa" described (in his "Epistle to Lord Burlington") by Pope (i 731), who 
himself (1732) was caricatured by Hogarth as bespattering the Duke's coach. Owing to 
extravagance and speculative investments (" all he got by fraud is lost by stocks " says 
Dean Swift), Canons was sold for its materials, directly the Duke died, and a villa (very 
different from "Timon's") was built on its site, which, after passing through several 
owners, was sold, for ;£55,ooo, in July 181 1, to Sir Thomas Plumer, Master of the 
Rolls, 1818-24. In 1 910 it was bought by A. P. Du Cros, M.P. The fate of this 
over-sumptuous palace is foretold by Pope — 

"Another age shall see the golden ear, 
Imbrown the slope and nod on the parterre; 
Deep harvests bury all his pride had plann'd, 
And laughing Ceres re-assume the land." 
(^) This was one of the 14 peerages conferred at the Coronation of George I, for 
a list of which see vol. ii. Appendix F. 

C>) She compiled a history of the Willoughbys of Wollaton. A volume is 
preserved at Wollaton. V.G. 

{") Mrs. Pendarves, writing to Dean Swift, 22 Apr. 1736, says, "The Duke of 
Chandos' marriage has made a great noise; and the poor Duchess is often reproached 
with her being bred up in Burr Street, Wapping." V.G. 



CHANDOS 131 

which in 1715 he had rebuilt. Will dat. 14 Apr. 1742 to 13 July 1743, 
pr. 4 Sep. 1744.0 His widow, by whom he had no issuejC") '^^ '^ Nov. 
1750, at Shaw Hall, Berks, in her 58th year. Will pr. 1750. 

[John Brydges, styled Marquess of Carnarvon, 4th but ist surv. 
s. and h. ap., b. 1703; matric. at Oxford (Balliol Coll.) 14 Nov. 17 19, 
then aged 16. D.C.L. Oxford 8 Apr. 1721. M.P. (Whig) for Steyning^ 
Jan. 1725/6 to 1727. He w., i Sep. 1724, at Ham, Catherine,(<=) 2nd da. 
of Lionel (Tollemache), Earl of Dysart [S.], by Grace, 2nd da. and 
coh. of Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 3rd Bart. He d. of the smallpox, v.p. 
and s.p.m., in Arlington Str., 8, and was bur. 19 Apr. 1727, at Whitchurch, 
aged 24. His widow d. in Grosvenor Str., 17, and was bur. 31 Jan. 1754, 
at Whitchurch. Admon. 4 Feb. 1754, to her two daughters.] 



DUKEDOM 
II. 



BARONY 
X. 



2 and 10. Henry (Brydges), Duke of 
Chandos, £5fc., 6th and yst. but only surv. s. and 
h. male, bap. at Kensington, Midx., i Feb. 
i^'^^'^- 1708. M.P.C') (as Marquess of Carnarvon) 
for Hereford, 1727-34; for Steyning, 1734-41; 
and for Bishop's Castle, 1741-44. To Frederick, 
Prince of Wales, he was first Lord of the Bed- 
chamber, 1728-35; nom. K.B. 12 Jan. 1731/2, inst. 30 June 1732; Master 
of the Horse to the Prince of Wales, 1735; Grand Master of Freemasons, 
1738-39; Groom of the Stole, 1742-51. Clerk of the Hanaper office in 
Chancery, Ranger of Enfield Chase, and, 1754, High Steward of Winchester. 
He W7., istly, 21 Dec. 1728, by spec. lie. (Vic. Gen. Off.) at St. Martin's-in- 
the- Fields, Mary (then aged about 28), ist da. (whose issue, in 1796, 
became sole h.) of Charles (Bruce), 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, by his ist 
wife, Anne, da. and coh. of William (Savile), Marquess of Halifax. She 
d. at Twickenham, Midx., 14, and was bttr. (as Marchioness of Car- 
narvon) 22 Aug. 1738, at Whitchurch. C) He m., 2ndly, at Mr. Keith's 
chapel, Mayfair, Midx., 25 Dec. 1744 (4 months after his father's death), 
Anne Jefferies,(^ of St. Marylebone, Midx., and Newbury, Berks, da. 

(^) See for his character, ante, page 129, note "c." V.G. 

(^) On the death, in i 7 1 8, of her only son Thomas Davall, there was a prolonged 
Chancery suit (1719-22) for the Davall estates, ended by a compromise which left her 
with much of her first husband's wealth, {ex inform. J. H. Round). V.G. 

(<^) She must have been at least 40, and he 21 at the time of their marriage, 
but her paternity is given as in the text by all authorities. In the Orrery Papers, 
vol. ii, pp. 72-74, is a long account of her swearing, drunkenness, and brutality to 
her daughter Jane. V.G. 

{^)lie. was one of the Whigs who, under the leadership of Pulteney, opposed 
Walpole. V.G. 

(^) Mrs. Delaney writes of her and her husband as "The ugliest couple this day in 
England." V.G. 

See the story of her being sold "with a halter round her neck" by her husband 
(Jefferies), an ostler at the Pelican Inn, Newbury, and purchased by the Duke of 



132 CHANDOS 

of John Wells. She a. s.p.m., at Keynsham Abbey, 12, and was bui. 
30 Aug. 1759, at Whitchurch. He m., yd\y, 28 July 1767, at West 
Ham, Essex, Elizabeth, 2nd da. and coh. of Sir John Major, Bart, (so 
cr. 1765), of Worlingworth Hall, Suffolk, by Elizabeth, da. of Daniel 
Dale, of Bridlington, co. York. He d. at Biddesden, Hants, 28 Nov., 
and was bur. 12 Dec. 1771, at Whitchurch, aged ();!).(^) Admon. 4 Feb. 
1772. His widow d. s.p., 30 Mar. 1813, aged 82, at Major house, near 
Thwaite, Suffolk. 



DUKEDOM 
III. 



BARONY 
XI. 



3 and II. James (Brydges), Duke of Chan- 

Dos and Marquess of Carnarvon [17 19], Earl 

^' OF Carnarvon and Viscount Wilton [17 14], 

„ and Baron Chandos of Sudeley [1554], also 

' "■ (from 1747) dejureQ'') Lord Kinloss [S.], and a 

Baronet [1627], only s. and h. by ist wife, b. 

16 Dec. 1 73 1, and bap. 11 Jan. 173 1/2, at St. 
James's, Westm. He was ed. at Cambridge. On 10 Feb. 1746/7, by the 
death of his maternal grandfather, the Earl of Ailesbury, he sue. as dejure(^) 
Lord Kinloss [S.], but was never so styled. He was (as Marquess of 
Carnarvon) Ranger of Enfield Chase, 1753; Grand Master of Freemasons 
1754-57; M.P. (Whig) for Winchester, 1754-61 ;(*=) and for co. Radnor 
1761-68; a Lord of the Bedchamber, 1760-64; Lord Lieut, of Hants, 
1 763-64 and again 1771-80. HighStewardof Winchester; P. C. 12 May 1775; 
Lord Steward of the Household, 1783 till his death. He m., istly, 22 Mar. 
1753, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Margaret (a fortune of /^ 1 50,000), da. and h. 
of John NicoL, of Minchenden house, in Southgate, Midx., by Margaret 
(widow of John Keck), da. of Benjamin Poole, of London. She d. s.p., at 
Southgate, 14, and was bur. (as Marchioness of Carnarvon) 29 Aug. 

Chandos, in N. and Q., 4th Ser., vol. vi, p. 179. G.E.C. She had been his mistress 
for some years. Lord Orrery writes of her, 15 Jan. 1744/5, "of her person and 
character, people speak variously, but all agree that both are very bad." V.G. 

(^) George II remarked of him, "There is my Lord Carnarvon, a hot headed, 
passionate, half-witted coxcomb." (Hervey's Memoirs). V.G. 

('') According to the decision of 21 July 1868 as to that dignity. 

('^) From the accession of George III he attached himself to the Court. In 1778 
he was one of the peers who protested against the payment of the Earl of Chatham's 
debts by the Nation (as to which see vol. ii, p. 30, note " d "), but in 1783 he took 
office under Pitt and supported his Govt, till his death. The Editor is indebted to 
J. H. Round for the following, from Leigh Hunt's Autobiography: "The Duke was 
Master of the Horse, and originated the famous epithet of 'heaven-born minister,' 
applied to Mr. Pitt. I have heard my father describe him as a man of great sweetness 
of nature and good-breeding. He was the grandson of Pope's and Swift's Duke of 
Chandos. He died in 1789, and left a widow, who survived him for several years in 
a state of mental alienation. She was a woman of great animal spirits, and, happening 
to thrust aside the duke's chair when he was going to sit down, the consequences were 
such that, being extremely attached to him, she could never forgive herself, but lost 
her husband and senses at once." V.G. 



CHANDOS 133 

1768, at Whitchurch, in her 33rd year. Admon. 8 Sep. 1768. He »/., 
2ndly, 21 June 1777, also at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Anne Eliza,(^) widow of 
Roger Hope Elletson, sister of Sir Richard Grace Gamon, Bart., and da. 
of Richard G., of Datchworthbury, Herts, by Elizabeth, da. of John Grace, 
of the Grange, Queen's County. He d. at Tunbridge Wells, s.p.m., 29 Sep., 
and was bur. 10 Oct. 1789, aged nearly 58, at Whitchurch, when all his 
honours, excepting the Barony of Kinloss [S.], which devolved on his da. 
and h. (as to which see "Chandos, and Buckingham and Chandos," next 
below), became extinct.(^) Will pr. 1789. His widow d. 20 Jan. 18 13, at 
Chandos house. Will pr. 18 13. 

[The Barony of Chandos of Sudeley \cr. 1554] was claimed immedi- 
ately (by petition to the King), by the Rev. Edward Tymewell Brydges, 
M.A., as heir male of the body of the grantee. The Attorney Gen. (Mac- 
donald) having, 15 Apr. 1790, favourably reported thereon, it was referred 
to the Committee for Privileges. After about 30 hearings, extending over 
some dozen years (in which new evidence, mostly incapable of proof, was 
continually being brought forward), it was resolved, 17 June 1803, that 
Mr. Brydges "had not made out his claim ("=) to the said Barony." The 
claimant d. s.p.s., Oct. 1807, aged 58, and was sue. by his br. (who had all 
along been the prime mover of the claim), Samuel Egerton Brydges, better 
known as Sir Egerton Brydges (b. 30 Nov. 1762), who then called him- 
self, "per legem teme Baron Chandos of Sudeley." He, however, accepted 

(^) " From the vanity and extravagance of this woman, and the uncertain contin- 
gencies of her property, the Hampshire people think that the poor Duke is completely 
taken in." [The Roya/ Register, vol. iv, p. 171). V.G. 

(*) James Brydges, of Pinner, Midx., heir presumptive to the Earldom of Carnarvon, 
being s. and h. of the Rev. the Hon. Henry Brydges, D.D., br. of James, Duke of 
Chandos (who had been er. Earl of Carnarvon with an extended limitation), d. s.p., a 
few weeks before his cousin, the last Duke, 12 July 1789, at a great age. 

("=) The invalidity of this claim has been thoroughly exposed by G. F. Beltz 
(Lancaster Herald) in a work called J Review of the Chandos Peerage ease, pp. 233, 
with an appendix. The claimant's father was Edward Brydges, of Wootton Court, 
Kent (who m. Jemima, da. and coh. of the Rev. William Egerton, LL.D.), which 
Edward (who d. 1780) was s. of John Brydges (d. 1712) who acquired the estate of 
Wootton by marriage (with Jane da. and h. of Edward Gibbon), and who was the 
son of John Bridges {d. 1699), a grocer, at Canterbury (by Mary, da. of Thomas 
Young, also a grocer in that city), who was s. of Edward Bridges of Faversham, 
yeoman (1665), by Catherine, da. of John Sharp of Faversham, maltster. At this point 
comes the crux of the pedigree. The claimant contended that this Edward was bap. 
at Maidstone, 25 Mar. 1603, being the s. of Robert Bridges of that town [d. 1636), 
who was s. of Anthony Bridges, the 3rd surv. s. of John, ist Baron Chandos of 
Sudeley. Beltz however shows very clearly (l) that the baptism at Maidstone was a 
modern [and doubtless fraudulent] insertion, (2) that Robert Bridges (son of Anthony 
abovenamed) d. s.p.m. (the will of his only child, Ann Jackson, alias Bridges, 164 1, 
is given in appendix xii), and (3) that the said Edward Bridges of Faversham (instead 
of being bap. at Maidstone in 1603) was hap. at Harbledown (near Canterbury) in 
1606, being s. of John Bridges of that place (Churchwarden in 1632), who d. 1646. 



134 CHANDOS 

a Baronetcy, 27 May 18 15, and, beyond publishing in 1831 his Lex 
terr^e to show that the decision of the Peers did not take away his right to 
resort to a legal trial by jury, took no further steps to establish his claim to 
the Peerage. He d. 8 Sep. 1837, at Gros Jean, near Geneva,(^) leaving 
several sons, none of whom left issue, so that his Baronetcy became extinct^ 
some 20 years after his death, as well as any claim, through him, to this 
Barony.] 

CHANDOS, and BUCKINGHAM AND CHANDOS 

DUKEDOM AND i. Richard (Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chan- 
MARQUESSATE. dos-Grenville), Marquess of Buckingham, having 

OT., 16 Apr. 1796, Anna Elizabeth, sua jure(^) 
I- 1822. Baroness Kinloss [S.], only da. and h. of James 

(Brydges), Duke of Chandos, was on 4 Feb. 1822, 
cr. MARQUESS OF CHANDOS and DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM 
AND CHANDOS. See " Buckingham " (town), Marquessate of, cr. 1 784, 
under the 2nd Marquess. 

CHARDSTOCK 

See "Henley of Chardstock," Barony [I.] {Eden), cr. 1799. 

CHARLEMONT, and CAULFEILD OF 
CHARLEMONT 

BARONY [I.] I. Toby Caulfeild, yr. s. of Alexander C, was bap. 

, , 2 Dec. 1565, at Great Milton, Oxon, as "Toby, s. of Alex- 

ander Calfeh ill" [jzV].('^) He distinguished himself under 
Frobisher, under Lord Howard, and at the capture of Cadiz in June 1596; 
he accompanied the Earl of Essex to Ireland, as commander of a troop of 
horse, was at the capture of Kinsale from the Spaniards 1601, and was, 
in that year, placed by the Lord Deputy Mountjoy in charge of Fort Charle- 
mont.('^) He was knighted [I.] at Christ Church,Dublin, 25 July 1603 by the 

(^) He was a writer of genealogical and other works, and his edition of Collins' 
Peerage of England is still the standard work for the Peerage of the time of George III. 

('') See ante, p. 132, note " b." 

(f) The name is invariably so spelt in the registers of Great Milton. Of previous 
children there occur the baptisms, 7 July 1561, of Alexander {bur. there 12th inst.), 
of Jane, 16 Mar. 1562/3, and of Anthony, 12 Oct. 1564, also, subsequently, of 
Thomas, I Sep. 1567, and of Hester 12 Sep. 1568, in which last two entries the 
father is described as "Gent." There occur also the baptism, 25 Nov. 1577, of 
"Dorothy, da. of George Calfehill, Gent," and a marriage, 29 July 1577, of 
"Richard Joyner, Gent., and Dorothy, da. of Alexander Calfehill, Gent." These 
appear to be all the entries of that family therein. 

('') This was so called from Charles (Blount), Lord Mountjoy [I.], who had 
erected it in 1602 to protect the bridge over the Blackwater. 



CHARLEMONT 135 

Lord Deputy Carey; was Receiver of the vast estates of the rebel Earl of 
Tyrone, 1607-10, of which he, in 16 10, obtained 1,000 acres. Gov. of co. 
Tyrone and co. Armagh 1608; M.P. for co. Armagh 16 13-15; P.C. [I.] 
17 Apr. 1613; a Commissioner for the escheated estates in Ulster, 1616; 
Master Gen. of the Ordnance [I.] 1617 till his death. On 22 Dec. 
1620 0) he was cr. LORD CAULFEILD, BARON OF CHARLE- 
MONT, CO. Armagh [I.], with a spec, rem., failing heirs male of his body, 
to his nephew, Sir William Caulfeild-C") He d. unm., 17 Aug., and was 
bur. 21 Sep. 1627, in Christ Church, Dublin, aged nearly 62. Will dat. 
22 July 1627, pr. at Dublin. 

II. 1627. 2. William (Caulfeild), Lord Caulfeild, Baron OF 

Charlemont [I.], nephew and h. according to the spec. 
rem. of the creation; bap. at St. Mary Magd., Oxford, 8 Oct. 1587. He 
was s. of George C, Recorder of Oxford (elder br. of the last Lord), by 
Martha, da. of Richard Taverner, of Wood Eaton, Oxon. He was 
knighted [I.] by Lord Deputy St. John, 8 June 1618; Sheriff of co. Tyrone 
1620; Gov. of Fort Charlemont, 1621 ; Master G&n. of the Ordnance [I.], 
1627-34, and a Commissioner for the escheated estates in Ulster. He took 
his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 4 Nov. 1634, their Lordships being 
satisfied, without the production of writ or patent, that he was "a Lord of 
Pari." He m. Mary, da. of Sir John King, of Boyle Abbey, co. Roscommon, 
by Catherine, da. of Robert Drury. He d. 4 Dec. 1640, aged about c^t,, 
and was bur. at Charlemont, but was removed to Armagh Cathedral. M.I. 
Will dat. 6 Nov. 1640. Inq.p. m. at Dungannon and Charlemont. His 
widow survived 23 years, for 14 of which she was kept (by the then 
dominant party) out of her estates. In Aug. 1661 she received ;^40 from 
the Irish Govt, "for her present maintenance." She d. 1663. Will, in 
which she directs her burial to be in the church of Mullaghbrack, dat. 
16 July and pr. 15 Aug. 1663, at Dublin. 

III. 1640. 3. Toby (Caulfeild), Lord Caulfeild, Baron of 

Charlemont [I.], s. and h., aged 19 years and 2 months 
at his father's death. Admitted Line. Inn, 29 Oct. 1637; matric. at Oxford 
(Exeter Coll.) 2 June 1638, aged 17. He was M.P. for co. Tyrone, 
1639-40, and in 1640 was Gov. of Fort Charlemont, where, having enter- 
tained Sir Phelim O'Neill, on 22 Oct. 1641, he was made prisoner by him 
and murdered (though apparently without that chieftain's cognizance) at 
O'Neill's house, the Castle of Kinard. He d. unm. 6 Jan. 164 1/2. 
Inq. p. m. at Armagh. 



(^) See the very long preamble to this patent in Lodge., vol. iii, p. 138, and see 
also idem, p. 1 54, for the preamble to the patent creating the Earldom (23 Dec. 1763), 
wherein it is stated that an Earldom was intended to be conferred on the first Baron, 
as appears by Royal letters 16 July 1622. 

C^) In Dec. 1625, he is described as "aged and unwieldy." V.G. 



136 

IV. 1642. 



CHARLEMONT 



4. Robert (Caulfeild), Lord Caulfeild, Baron of 
Charlemont [I.], br. and h., aged 19 at his brother's 
death. Sometime a Capt. in the army. He d. unm., i Jan. 164.;^/^, from 
an overdose of opium. Inq. p. m. at Armagh. 

V. 1644. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
I. 1665. 



5 and I. William (Caulfeild), Lord Caul- 
feild, Baron of Charlemont [I.], br. and h., aged 
19 at his brother's death. In 1652 he succeeded in 
apprehending Sir Phelim O'Neill, who was executed 
for rebellion. P. C. [I.] Dec. 1660. Capt. of a troop 
of horse. Was Gov. of Fort Charlemont for life, 
but sold the office, 1 3 Apr. 1 664, for ;^3,500 to the Crown. On 8 Oct. 1665 
he was cr. VISCOUNT CHARLEMONT, co. Armagh [I.], and took his 
seat accordingly 16 Nov. following. He »?., in 1653, Sarah, 2nd da. of 
Charles (Moore), 2nd Viscount Drogheda [I.], by Alice, da. of Adam 
(LoFTus), Viscount Loftus of Ely. He d. Apr., and was bur. 25 May 
1671, in the Cathedral of Armagh. M.I. Will dat. 8 Feb. 1670/1, 
pr. 8 May 1672, in Dublin. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] ' 
II. 



BARONY [I.] 
VI. 



■ 1671. 



2 and 6. William (Caulfeild), Viscount 
Charlemont, dffc. [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. 
and h. Taking part against James II, he was 
attainted 7 May 1689 by the Pari. [I.], which 
he did not attend,(*) but was soon restored 
under William III, who made him Gov. of 
Fort Charlemont, and Custos Rot. of cos. 
Tyrone and Armagh. He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 5 Oct. 
1692, and took part in a measure to prevent estates of Protestants being 
inherited by Papists. Admitted to the King's Inns, Dublin, 9 June 1697. 
Col. of the 36th Foot 1701-06. He served in Spain in 1705, and was at the 
taking of Barcelona. Brig. Gen. 1705; Major Gen. 1708. P.C. [I.] 
5 June 1726. He m., 11 July 1678, Anne, da. of James Margetson, 
Archbishop of Armagh, by Anne, sister of Thomas Bennett. He d. in 
College Green, 21, and was bur. 26 July 1726, at Armagh. Will pr. 1726. 
His widow d. 1729. Will pr. 10 Jan. 1729, at Dublin. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] ] 
III. 



BARONY [I.] 
VII. 



1726. 



3 and 7. James (Caulfeild), Viscount 
Charlemont, i^c. [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. 
and h., bap. 29 July 1682; ed. at Trin. Coll. 
Dublin, B.A. 1702, M.A. 1704; was M.P. 
for Charlemont, 1703-04, and 1713-26, and 
took his seat in the House of Lords [I.], 
29 Nov. 1727. He W.Elizabeth, da. of Francis 
Bernard, of Castle Mahon (afterwards Castle Bernard), co. Cork, by Alice, 



(^) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 



CHARLEMONT 137 

da. of Stephen Ludlow, Clerk of the Court of Chancery [I.]. He d. in 
Dublin, 21 Apr. 1734, and was bur. at Armagh, aged 52. His widow, who 
was b. 21 Feb. 1703, m., 9 Oct. 1740, Thomas Adderley, of Innishannon, 
CO. Cork. She d. 20 May 1743, and was bur. at Armagh. Will pr. 1744. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] \ 
IV. 



BARONY [I.] 
VIII. 



4, 8, and i. James (Caulfeild), Viscount 
Charlemont, i^c. [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. 
^ and h., b. in Dublin, 18 Aug. 1728. After 

a long residence abroad ( 1 746-54) he returned 
to Ireland, taking his seat in the House of 
Lords [I.] 7 Oct. 1754, when he began to take 
part in public affairs. Gov. of co. Armagh 
EARLDOM [I.] 1 749-92 ; LL.D. Dublin {honorh causa) 1 5 July 

I. 1761. '755; F-R-S. 29 May 1755; F.S.A. 5 June 

1755. Custos Rot. CO. Armagh 1760 till his 
death. He commanded the levies for the de- 
fence of Belfast against the French in 1760. On 23 Dec. 1763 he was cr. 
EARL OF CHARLEMONT,(^) co. Armagh [I.]. In July 1780 he was 
chosen Commander in Chief of the (then newly embodied) Irish Volunteers, 
which post he held till their disbandment. He was President of the Volunteer 
Convention at Dublin (the last summoned) in Nov. 1783, and his personal 
influence probably prevented violence between that assembly and the Pari. 
K.P., nom. 5 Feb. and inv. 11 Mar. 1783, being one of the 15 original 
Knights of that "most illustrious order."('') P.C. [I.] 18 Aug. 1783; 
President of the Royal Irish Academy on its establishment in 1785 till his 
death. He »;., 2 July 1768, Mary, da. of Thomas Hickman, of Brickhill, 
CO. Clare. He d. 4 Aug. 1799, at his house in Dublin, and was bur. at 
Armagh, aged nearly 7i.('^) Will pr. 1799 in Dublin, and Jan. 18 16 in 
London. His widow d. Apr. 1 807, at Marino, near Dublin. 

(^) See preamble to this creation in Lodge, vol. iii, p. 154, and see ante, p. 135, 
note "a." 

C") See vol. i, p. 227, note "c." 

("=) In 1749 he is described by James Porter as "the worthiest youth I ever knew, 
as full of good sense as of virtue, abounding with amiable qualities;" an estimate of 
his character confirmed by Mrs. Delany 10 years later. Mainly through his 
great influence, the bill of Mr. Flood, limiting the duration of Pari, to 8 years, 
was passed in 1768 in the House of Lords [I.]. In 1775 Sir John Blaquiere 
writes of him: "In private life amiable and respectable. In public, violent, petulant 
and waspish." Edmund Burke, 7 Aug. 1785, speaks of him as "the most public 
spirited, and at the same time the best natured and best bred man in Ireland." In 
this year he appeared, with some woman, as "The staunch Patriot and the fair 
Hibernian," in the notorious tete-a-tete portraits in Toiun and Country Mag., vol. xvii, 
p. 625, for which see Appendix B in the last volume of this work. In Sketches 
of Irish political character, 1799, there is an account of him towards the end 
of his career. "He is no orator, nor does he affect the character; but generally gives a 
silent vote, or a vote accompanied with very few words. He is always attended to 
with the highest respect, being allowed by all to be a man of sound sense and ex- 

18 



138 



EARLDOM [I.] 
II. 



\ 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
V. 

BARONY [I.] 
IX. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
I. 1837. 



CHARLEMONT 

2, 5, 9, and I. Francis William (Caul- 
feild), Earl of Charlemont, &c. [I.], s. 
and h., ^. 3 Jan. 1775; ed. at Trin. Coll. 
Dublin, B.A. 1794. M.P. for co. Armagh, 
11799. 1797-99. Rep. Peer [1.], 1806-63. K.P.(') 
' 19 Oct. 1 83 1 (extra till 24 Jan. 1833). 

P.C. [I.] 13 Feb. 1832. He was cr., 
13 Feb. 1837, BARON CHARLEMONT 
of Charlemont, co. Armagh [U.K.], with 
a spec. rem. failing heirs male of his body, 
to his br. Henry Caulfeild, of Hockley, in 
the said co., but (the election of Irish peers 
being for life) continued to sit as an Earl [I.] 
in the House of Lords, where he acted with 
the Whigs, till his death. Lord Lieut. 1839, and Custos Rot. of co. 
Tyrone, 1841 till his death. He m., 9 Feb. 1802, Anne,('') yst. da. and 
coh. of William Bermingham,('') of Ross Hill, co. Galway, by Mary, da. 
of Thomas Ruttledge. He d. s.p.s., 26 Dec. 1863, at his seat, Marino, 
afsd., in his 89th year.('') His widow, who was a Lady of the Bedchamber 
1837-54, d. 23 Nov. 1876, aged 96, at 14 Upper Grosvenor Str,, Midx. 



[James William Caulfeild, styled Viscount Caulfeild, s. and h.(') 
ap., i. Aug. 1803. Matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 25 Apr. 1822, aged 18. 
He d. unm. and v.p., 13 Jan. 1823, at Abbeville, in France, in his 20th 
year.] 



tensive observation." A firm Whig and a great opponent of the Irish Union, its 
near approach is thought to have hastened his death. "A sincere, zealous and active 
friend to his country," being part of an epitaph on himself, composed by himself, is 
perhaps the best description of his character. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*) The Marquess of Downshire [I.], the Marquess of Clanricarde [I.], the Earl 
of Charlemont [I.], and the Earl of LandafF [I.], were four extra Knights of the 
Order of St. Patrick nominated by William IV at his Coronation. By a Statute of 
the Order 24 Jan. 1833, the number of the knights was permanently increased, and 
these extra knights were absorbed into the regular establishment. 

C') " Lady Charlemont is here in great beauty, but not making much sensation, 
as she has no coquetterie, not even desir de pla'ire, which repels a Frenchman just 
as much as a humpback." (Harriet, Countess Granville: letter, Sep. 31 [sic] 
1 814). V.G. 

ifj See tabular pedigree, vol. i, p. 298, where her name is erroneously given as 
" Maud." 

('^) In 181 1 Lord Glenbervie recorded his "unaffected cheerful good sense and 
hospitality" and described him as "the honest, the cheerful, the frank, and the good- 
humoured and good-natured husband of a wife who . . . seems to love her husband 
more than any of the Wits or Literates . . . who daily offer their frigid incense and 
pedantic vows at her shrine." V.G. 

(^) The 2nd s., William Francis, d. 1807. 



\ 



yi863. 



CHARLEMONT 139 

3, 6, 10, and 2. James Molyneux (Caul- 
feild), Earl of Charlemont [1763], Vis- 
count Charlemont [1665] and Lord Caul- 
FEiLD, Baron of Charlemont [1620], all in 
the peerage of Ireland, also Baron Charle- 
mont [1837] in that of the United Kingdom, 
nephew and h., being s. and h. of the Hon. 
Henry Caulfeild abovenamed (on whom the 
Barony U.K. had been entailed, but who d. 
v.f., 4 Mar. 1862, aged 8 2), by Elizabeth Mar- 
garet, da. of Dodwell Browne, of Rahins, 
CO. Mayo. He was b. 10 Oct. 1820; ed. at 
Cambridge (Trin. Coll.); High Sheriff for co. 
Armagh, 1842. M.P. (Liberal) for co. 
Armagh, 1 847-57. Lord Lieut, of co. Armagh 1 849-64, and of co, Tyrone, 
1864 till his death. K.P. 28 Dec. 1865. He w., istly, 18 Dec. 1856, 
Elizabeth Jane, da. of William Meredyth (Somerville), ist Baron Ath- 
lumney [L], by his ist wife, Maria Harriet, da. of Henry (Conyngham), 
1st Marquess Conyngham [L]. She, who was b. 11 June 1834, d, s.p., 
31 May 1882, at Roxborough Castle, Moy. He m., 2ndly, 10 May 1883, 
at the British Consulate, Pau, Anna Lucy, da. of the Rev. Charles James 
Lambart, Rector of Navan, co. Meath, by Marian, da. of ( — ) Smith. 
He d. s.p., at Biarritz, 12, and was bur. 16 Jan. 1892, in Armagh Cath., 
aged 71, when the Earldom of Charlemont [I. 1763] and the Barony of 
Charlemont [U.K. 1837] became extinct. Will pr. 21 Apr. 1892. His 
widow was living 1913. 



EARLDOM [L] 

in. 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
VI. 

BARONY [I.] 
X. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
IL 



/ 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] ] 
VII. 



BARONY [I.] 
XI. 



1892. 



7 and II. James Alfred (Caulfeild), 
Viscount Charlemont [I. 1665], and Lord 
Caulfeild, Baron of Charlemont [1. 1620], 
cousin and h. male, being ist s. and h. of 
Edward Houston Caulfeild, of Drumcairne, 
CO. Tyrone, by Charlotte, da. of Piers Geale, 
of Dublin, which Edward (who d. 7 Mar. 
1883, aged 76) was s. and h. of James Caulfeild, of Drumcairne (who m. 
22 May 1806), s. and h. of another James Caulfeild, also of Drumcairne 
{d. 1825, aged 88), s. of the Rev. the Hon. Charles Caulfeild, Rector of 
Donaghenry, co. Armagh {d. Jan. 1768, aged 81), who was yr. br. of the 
3rd, being 5th s. of the 2nd Viscount. He was b. 20 Mar. 1830; some- 
time Capt. Coldstream Guards, serving, as such, throughout the Crimean 
war; Hon. Col. 4th Batt. Royal Inniskillen Fusileers; High Sheriff for co. 
Tyrone, 1868; Comptroller' of the Viceregal household [I.], 1868-95. 
Usher of the Black Rod to the Order of St. Patrick Feb. 1879. C.B. 
25 May 1892. A Conservative. He m., 2 Feb. 1858, at Athlone church, 
Annette, 3rd and yst. da. of Richard (Handcock), 3rd Baron Castlemaine 



I40 CHARLEMONT 

OF MoYDRUM [1.], by Margaret, da. of Michael Harris. She, who was 
b. i6 Apr. 1828, d. s.p.m.,{^) at Dublin Castle, 10 Nov. 1888. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 20,695 acres, co. Armagh; 
5,903 in CO. Tyrone, and 222 in co. Dublin. Total 26,820 acres valued at 
;^26,334 a year. Principal Residence. — Roxborough Castle,('') near Moy, co. 
Tyrone. 

CHARLETON 

See, also, under "Cherleton." 

i.e. "Charleton, co. Wilts," Barony (Howard), cr. 1621/2, with the 
ViscouNTCY OF Andover. See "Berkshire," Earldom of, cr. 1626. 



CHARLEVILLE (co. Cork) 

i.e. "Charleville, co. Cork" [I.] Barony {Brownlow), cr. 1718, with 
the ViscouNTCY OF Tyrconnel [I.], which see; extinct 1754. 

CHARLEVILLE (King's County) 

CHARLEVILLE OF CHARLEVILLE FOREST,and 

TULLAMORE OF CHARLEVILLE FOREST 

EARLDOM [1.] I. Charles Moore, only s. and h. of John (Moore), 
- 1st Baron Moore of Tullamore, by his ist wife, Mary, 

^75 da. of Elnathan LuNN, was ^. 24 Jan. 1711/2; i«f. hisfather 

. 8 Sep. 1725. He was ed. at Trin. Coll. Dublin, ent. as 

''7°4- "nobilis" July 1725; B.A. 1728, M.A. 1730. Grand 

Master of Freemasons [I.] 1741-43, and 1760-61; P.C. 
[I.] 12 Sep. 1746. On 16 Sep. 1758, he was cr. EARL OF CHARLE- 
VILLE in King's County [I.]. Gov. of King's County, being Custos Rot. 
1 76 1 till his death. He m., 13 Oct. 1737, Hester, only surv. da. and h. 
of James Coghill,('=) LL.D., by Anne, sister of Thomas Pearson, of 
Rathmore, co. Meath. He d. s.p., 17, and was bur. 23 Feb. 1764, in the 
Chapel in South Audley Str., when all his honours became extinct. Will 

(") Their only child, Constance Elizabeth, ?«., 10 Feb. 1880, Uchter John Mark 
Earl of Ranfurly, and has issue. V.G. 

(•>) An advertisement in The Times newspaper, 19 Feb. 1867, states that "The 
fl«/y address in Ireland of the Earl and Countess of Charlemont from henceforth will be 
Roxborough, Moy, county Tyrone." 

(<=) Hester, sister of this James, m. in lyoo, Oliver Cramer, of Ballyfoile, co. 
Kilkenny, and their s. and h., Balthazar John Cramer, was father of John Cramer, 
who assumed the name of Coghill, was cr. a Bart. 1778, and who subsequently sue. to 
the estates of his cousin, the Dowager Countess of Charleville. 



CHARLEVILLE 141 

pr. 1764. His widow m., as 2nd wife,(*) John Mayne, of Richings in 
Iver, Bucks, Major in the Army, who thereupon assumed the name of 
CoGHiLL, and was cr. a Bart. 24 Mar. 178 1. He d. s.p., 14, and was bur. 
22 Nov. 1785, when his Baronetcy became extinct. She d. 28 July, and 
was bur. 6 Aug. 1789, with her 2nd husband, at Aldenham, Herts. Will 
pr. 1789. 



BARONY [I.] I. Charles William Bury, only s. and h. 

T of John B., of Charleville Forest in King's 

'"'' County, by Catherine, 2nd da. and coh. of Francis 

VISrOIJNTCY n l Sadleir, of Sopwell Hall, co. Tipperary, which 
^ ■-' John was s. and h. of William B., of Shannon 
I. 1800. Grove, co. Limerick, by Jane, only sister of Charles 

(Moore), Earl of Charleville and Baron Moore 
EARLDOM [L] OFTuLLAMORE[I.]abovenamed,was^. 30 June 1764, 

\-[ Q (i '^ f'^w weeks before the death of his father (4 Aug. 

1764), whoa few months before (17 Feb. 1764) had 
sue. to the Charleville estates on the death of (his 
maternal uncle) the said Earl. B.A. Dublin 1785. M.P. for Kilmallock 
1789-90 and 1791-97. He took an active part in suppressing the Irish re- 
bellion of 1798. On 26 Nov. i797hewascr.BARONTULLAMOREOF 
CHARLEVILLE FOREST in King's County [I.], on 29 Dec. 1 800 he was 
fr. VISCOUNT CHARLEVILLE OF CHARLEVILLE FOREST (") 
in King's County [I.], and on 16 Feb. 1806 was rr. EARL OF CHARLE- 
VILLE [I.]. Rep. Peer [I.] 1801-35; F-R-S- 31 Mar. 1803; Pres. of 
the Royal Irish Academy 1812-22; F.S.A. 28 Apr. 18 14. He m., 4 June 
1798, Catherine Maria, widow of James Tisdall, of Bawn, co. Louth, da. 
and h. of Thomas Townley Dawson, of Kinsaley, co. Dublin, by Joanna, 
da. of Anderson Saunders, of Newtown Saunders, co. Wicklow. He d. 
suddenly, 31 Oct. 1835, in his lodgings at Dover, aged 71, and was bur. at 
Charleville. Will pr. Mar. 1837. His widow, who had been ed. at a 
French convent, d. 24 Feb. 1851, in Cavendish Sq., Midx., aged 90.('=) 
Will pr. Mar. 1851. 



(*) The account of her in The Abbey of Kilkhampton, by Sir Herbert Croft, 1780, 
p. 44, suggests that she was then living in adultery with Major Mayne, his 1st wife 
being then alive. V.G. 

(>>) This was one of the numerous Irish Peerages conferred (on the last day of such 
creations before the Union) on persons who already possessed a Peerage of that King- 
dom, See Appendix H to this volume. 

(■=) She was long a leader in Dublin society. " Her manners were Irish, and not 
exactly the sort that pleased me, but after many years' acquaintance, the excellence of 
her heart, her sense, her wit, and friendship, has completely attached us to her." 
(Lady Sarah Lennox). V.G. 



142 



CHARLEVILLE 



EARLDOM [I.] 
III. 



2. Charles William (Bury), Earl of 
Charleville, &'c. [I.], only s. and h., i>. 
29 Apr. 1 801. Sheriffof King's County 1825. 
1835. M.P. (Tory) for Carlow [I.] (as Lord Tulla- 
more) 1826-32, and for Penryn and Falmouth, 
1832-35; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1834-35; 
Rep. Peer [I.] 1838-51. He m.,26 Feb. 1821, 
at the house of Lord Burghersh, in Florence, 
Harriet Charlotte Beaujolois, 3rd da. of Col. John Campbell, of Shaw- 
field, by Charlotte Susan Maria,(^) da. of John (Campbell), 5th Duke of 
Argyll [S.]. She d'. i Feb. 1848, at Naples. He d. 14 July 1851, near 
London. C) 



VISCOUNTCY 
ANDBAR0NY[L] 

IL 



EARLDOM [L] 
IV. 



3. Charles William George (Bury), Earl 
OF Charleville, &?c. [I.], s. and h., l>. 8 Mar. 
1822, at Charleville forest; sometime Lieut. 
^1851. 43rd Foot. Hem., J Mar. 1850, at All Souls, 
Langham Place, Marylebone, Arabella Louisa, 
yst. da. of Henry Case, of Shenstone Moss, 
CO. Stafford, by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth, da. 
and coh. of Randle Ford, of Wrexham, co. 

Denbigh. Shea'. 8 July 1857, at Erina, co. Limerick. He d. 19 Jan. 1859, 

at Charleville forest, aged 37. 



VISCOUNTCY 
ANDBARONY[I.] 

in. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
V. 

VISCOUNTCY 
AND BARON Y[I.] 

IV. 



4. Charles William Francis (Bury), 
Earl of Charleville, ^'c. [I.], s. and h., i. 
16 May 1852, at Charleville forest. In 1871 
*^i859. he passed tor a direct commission in the 
Household Brigade. He d. unm., 3 Nov. 
1874, at Staten island. New York, aged 22.('=) 



(*) This lady m., 2ndly, 17 Mar. 1 8 18, the Rev. Edward John Bury, M.A., 
and is the Lady Charlotte Bury, well known as Lady in Waiting to Queen Caroline 
(when Princess of Wales), who wrote The Diary of the times of George IV, is'c. 
She was b. 28 Jan. 1775, at Argyll House, Oxford Str., Marylebone, and d. (almost 
forgotten) 31 Mar. 1 86 1, in Sloane Str., Chelsea. 

C") "The greatest bore the world can produce. [His wife is] a very handsome 
woman, and somewhat loose, but as she is dying of consumption, we will spare her." 
(T. Creevey, Oct. 1834). V.G. 

(<^) He disinherited his elder sister, Katherine Arabella Beaujolois, who m. Col. 
Edmund Bacon Hutton, and d. 3 Feb. 1901, having quarrelled with her about the 
possession of an heirloom. His younger and only other surviving sister, Emily Alfreda 
Julia, sue. to the Charleville estate, and m., 20 Sep. 1881, Capt. Kenneth Howard, 
who by Royal lie. 14 Dec. 1881, took the name of Bury in addition to that of Howard. 
G.E.C. and V.G, 



EARLDOM [I.] 
VI. 

VISCOUNTCY 
ANDBARONY[I.] 

V. 



CHARLEVILLE 143 

5. Alfred (Bury), Earl of Charleville 
[1806], Viscount Charleville of Charle- 
1874 ville Forest [1800] and Baron Tullamore 
to OF Charleville Forest [1797] in the peerage 
1875. of Ireland, uncle and h. male, being 3rd and 
yst. s. of Charles William, the 2nd Earl, was 
b. 19 Feb. 1829; ed. at the Royal Mil. Coll.; 
sometime (1858) Capt. in loth Foot. Sheriff 
of King's County 1861. He w., 20 June 1854, at the Cathedral, Barbados, 
Emily Frances, 3rd da. of Gen. Sir William Wood, K.C.B., Col. 14th 
Foot, by Charlotte, da. of Capt. Edward Dix, R.N. He d. s.p., 26 June 
1 875, at Brighton, aged 46, when all his honours became extinct. His widow 
d. at Geneva, 1 9 Apr. 1 9 11 . 

Family Estates, — These, in 1883, consisted of 20,032 acres in King's 
County, valued at ;£ 10,05 2 ^ year. 



CHARTLEY 

John Ferrers, of Chartley, co. Stafford, from his place of residence 
is often described as Lord Ferrers of Chartley, though neither he, nor any of 
his successors appear to have been sum. under that designation. Walter 
Devereux (who m. the heiress) was sum. te7np. Edw. IV as Devereux 
de Ferrers or Dominus de Ferrers, and Sir Robert Shirley, a coh. of 
the above, was sum. temp. Car. II and Jac. II as Shirley de Ferrers. 
See "Ferrers (of Chartley)," Barony by writ of summons, 1299. See 
also "Townshend," Marquessate, under the 3rd Marquess, who was 
known as Lord Chartley before his succession. 



CHATHAM 

i.e. "Chatham, co. Kent" Barony {Campbell), cr. 17 19 with the Earl- 
dom OF Greenwich. See "Argyll," Dukedom of [S.], cr. 1701, under 
the 2nd Duke. Extinct 1743. 



BARONY. I. Hester, only da, of Richard Grenville, of Wotton, 

Bucks, by Hester, sua jure Viscountess Cobham, was b. 

^* ^701- 8 Nov., and bap. 6 Dec. 1720, at St. James's, Westm. She 

m., 16 Nov. 1754, by spec. lie. in Argyll Str,, the Rt. 

Hon. William Pitt, afterwards (1766) cr. Earl of Chatham (see below). 

On 4 Dec. 1761, she was cr. BARONESS CHATHAM of Chatham, 

Kent, with rem. of that Barony to the heirs male of her body by her said 

husband. A pension, "in consideration of Mr. Pitt's services," of It„ooo 

p.a. was granted for her life, her husband's, and their eldest son's. The 

peerage was doubtless granted for his political services, though she herself 



144 CHATHAM 

was sister to two eminent statesmen, viz. the Rt. Hon. George Grenville, and 
Richard, Earl Temple. She ^. a widow, at Burton Pynsent, co. Somerset, 
2, and was l>ur. i6 Apr. 1803, in Westm. Abbey, aged 83. Admon. 
Feb. 1 8 10. Her peerage devolved on her s. and h., John, 2nd Earl of 
Chatham. See below. 



EARLDOM. I. William Pitt, 2nd s. of Robert P., of Boconnock, 

, ^. Cornwall (who d. 20 May 1727), by Harriet, sister of 

' ■ John, 5th Viscount and ist Earl Grandison [I.], da. of 

Gen. the Hon. Edward Villiers, of Dromana, was b. in 
Westm., 15 Nov., and bap. 13 Dec. 1708, at St. James's, Westm.; ed. at 
Eton, on the Foundation; matric. at Oxford (Trin. Coll.) 14 Jan. 1726/7, 
as a Gent. Commoner, but left without taking a degree, owing to gout; 
and in 1728/9 spent some months in studying at Utrecht.(*) Cornet in the 
2nd (King's own) regt. of Horse (not, as commonly said, in the Blues) 
i73i/2-36,('') when he was deprived of his commission on account of his 
first speech in Pari. M.P. (Whig) for Old Sarum, 1735-47; for Seaford, 
1747-54; for Aldborough, 1754-56; for Oakhampton, 1756-57 (being 
elected also for Buckingham 1756); and for Bath 1757-66. Groom of the 
Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales, 1737-45. F.R.S. 26 Jan. 1743/4; P.C. 
28 May 1746; Paymaster Gen. of the Forces 1746-55. Sec. of State for 
the South, Dec. 1756 to Apr. 1757, and June 1757 to 1761. On 4 Aug. 
1766 he was cr. VISCOUNT PITT OF BURTON PYNSENT,(=) co. 
Somerset, and EARL OF CHATHAM, co. Kent.C') Lord Privy Seal 
July i766(^) to Oct. 1768, being considered the actual Prime Minister 
(under the nominal lead of the Duke of Grafton) during the earlier part 
of that period, till his ill health, early in 1767, wholly secluded him from 
business. In Jan. 1770 he again took his place in Pari., but in opposition 
to the ministry, whereupon the Duke of Grafton resigned the lead to Lord 
North, the Chancellor of the Exchequer. For the second time ill health 
(for two years, 1775-77) again kept him in strict retirement, but on 
30 May 1777, "swathed in flannels" he made a celebrated speech 
in the House of Lords (his motion being rejected by 76 against 26) 

(*) His grandfather, Thomas Pitt, writes, 12 May 1724, "He is a hopeful lad, 
and doubt not he will answer his friends' expectation." V.G. 

(^) This was known as "Cobham's Horse," after its then Colonel. The pic- 
turesque description of Pitt as "the terrible Cornet of the Blues" has given wide 
currency to the error that he was in the ist Dragoon Guards. V.G. 

('^) This estate, worth ^^3,000 a year, had been left him by Sir William Pynsent, 
Bart, (who d. 5./>., 8 Jan. 1765), owing to the testator's admiration of his patriotism. 

('^) See some interesting remarks, on the inadvisability and the unpopularity of his 
taking a Peerage, in Stanhope's History of England, vol, v, pp. 241-246, where Lord 
Chesterfield's remark is quoted "that all his enemies rejoice at it and all his friends 
are stupefied and dumbfounded." 

(°) For this and other great offices of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 



CHATHAM 145 

urging the arrest of the war with America. There seems Httle doubt 
but that, in 1778, he would, in spite of the unwillingness of George III, 
have become Prime Minister to endeavour to carry out some such 
course, without, however, any surrender of the British Sovereignty. To 
oppose such a surrender (which had been suggested), he, though greatly 
out of health, made his last speech, 7 Apr. 1778, when he fell back, in a fit,('') 
and being carried a few days later to his own residence at Hayes, Kent, 
he d. there, 11 May, and was bur. 9 June 1778 in Westm. Abbey, in his 
70th year-C') He w., 15 Nov. 1754, on his 46th birthday, Hester,(') 
sister of Richard, Earl Temple, only da. of Richard Grenville, of 
Wootton, by Hester, stio jure Viscountess Cobham. She was cr. Baroness 
Chatham, 4 Dec. 1761, as abovementioned. He d., as afsd., 11 May 
1778. (^) Will pr. Aug. 1778. His widow d. as afsd., 2 Apr. 1803. 

(^) Copley's well-known picture, generally but erroneously called "the death of 
Chatham," represents this striking scene in the House of Lords. 

(•>) A funeral at the public expense, a vote of ^^20,000 to discharge his debts, 
and a pension of jr4,ooo a year annexed for ever to the Earldom of Chatham, were 
voted by Pari. (For a list of the peers who protested against this vote see vol. ii, 
p. 30, note "d," sub Bathurst). "The most noble and puissant Lord, William Pitt, 
Earl of Chatham, fe'c, C5c., was bur. from the Painted Chamber, at the expense of 
Pari., in the centre of the north cross of the Abbey." See Chester's IVestm. Abbey 
Registers, and .also Fun. Certif. at Coll. of Arms. 

(') " She seems to have possessed grace, virtue, and good sense in abundance, 
and the marriage proved to be one of unalloyed happiness and mutual affection." 
Horace Walpole calls her "A blameless woman strongly attached to her husband." 
" No man ever had a nobler or more devoted wife ... At Orwell there is a picture of 
her by Gainsborough, painted in 1747, with a pleasant rather than a beautiful face. 
There is another portrait at Chevening, painted in 1750, with auburn hair, long 
upper lip, and a nose slightly turned up; comely and intelligent, but no more." 
(Lord Rosebery's Chatham, 1910, p. 353). V.G. 

{^) " The head w.-is small, and the countenance thin, the nose was aquiline and 
long, the eye that of a hawk." When Pitt rose to power tlie great Frederick realised 
that a new planet had "swum into his ken," and said of England, " Enfin elle est 
accouch^e d'un homme." "I admired him," says Sir Philip Francis, "as a great, 
illustrious, faulty human being, whose character, like all the noblest works of human 
composition, should be determined by its excellencies, not its defects." Carlyle says 
of him, "Pitt, though nobly eloquent, is a man of action, not of speech: an 
authentically Royal kind of man," and coupling him with his contemporary, Frederick 
the Great, adds, " Two radiant kings, very shining men of action both." 

He was the greatest War Minister that England has seen or is likely to see. 
He founded the Ernpire, established the colonial system and realised that Ernpire's de- 
pendence on ssa-power. "The fleet," he finely said, "is our standing army." In these 
respects it is no flattery of him nor dispraise of them, to say that Disraeli, Chamber- 
lain and Mahan are but his pupils. If he was arrogant and boastful, greedy of power, 
and turgid in speech, such failings are more than offset by his burning patriotism, his 
scorn of" money, his chaste and temperate life. He w.as in all essentials a great man. 
Throughout his career he stood for England, and those who can feel pride in the 
deeds of their forebears and the ascendancy of our race, should venerate the name 
of Chatham. His Eariy Life and Connections, by Lord Rosebery, was pub. in 
1910. V.G. 

»9 



146 CHATHAM 

EARLDOM. 2. John (Pitt), Earl of Chatham and Viscount 

yy o Pitt OF Burton Pynsent [1766], also (after the death of 

'' ■ his mother, in 1803) Baron Chatham [1761], s. and h., 

b. 9 Oct. and bap. 7 Nov. 1756, at Hayes, Kent.C") 

BARONY. Ensign 47th Foot 1774, being Aide de Camp to Gen. 

jj „ Carleton 1775; Lieut. 39th Foot 1778; Capt. 86th Foot 

■^ i1']<); Lieut. Col. 3rd Foot Guards 1792; Col. in the 

Army 1 793 ; Major Gen. 1795; Col. of the 4th Foot 1 799 
'^'^ZS- till his death; Master Gen. of the Ordnance 1801-06 and 

1807-10; Lieut. Gen. 1802, and, finally, General 18 12. 
F.S.A. 6 May 1784; First Lord of the Admiralty (Tory) July 1788 to Dec. 
I794;('') P.C. 3 Apr. 1789; nom. K.G. 15 Dec. 1790, inst. 29 May 1801; 
Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1792 till his death; Lord Privy Seal 
Dec. 1794 to Sep. 1796; Lord President of the Council Sep. 1796 to July 
1801; Gov. of Plymouth 1805-07; Gov. of Jersey 1807-20. In 1809, 
he, being then Lieut. Gen., had command of the military forces in the 
unlucky expedition to Walcheren.('') Gov. of Gibraltar 1820 till his 

(^) His younger brother, William Pitt (of immortal memory), Prime Minister, 
save for a brief interval, from 1783 to 1806, was also b. at Hayes, 18 May, and bap. 
there 3 July 1759. He d. unm., at his residence. Bowling Green House, Putney 
Heath, Surrey, at 4.30 a.m., 23 Jan., aged 46, and was bur. 22 Feb. i8o6, inWestm. 
Abbey. 

C') He had been a Whig up to the Coalition of 1 783. V.G. 

if) The sloth and incapacity of this nobleman, the son and brother of persons 
so highly gifted, were the subject of frequent ridicule. "A man reputed to possess an 
excellent understanding, but whose very name was almost proverbial for enervation 
and indolence." [Annual Reg., 1809, p. 223). The following oft quoted lines, 
describing the attitude of the military and naval commanders in the expedition to the 
Scheldt (almost exactly as given [in prose] in the official return), appeared in the 
Morning Chronicle of 6 Feb. 1 8 1 : — 

"Lord Chatham with his sword undrawn, 
Kept waiting for Sir Richard Strachan: — 
Sir Richard, longing to, be at 'em. 
Kept waiting too, — for whom? Lord Chatham." 

The ensuing lines, which are printed in G. V. Cox's Recollections of Oxford, 
1870, p. 67, also well describe the Earl's achievements: — 

" When sent fresh wreaths on Flushing's shore to reap. 
What didst thou do, illustrious Chatham?" — '■^ Sleep." 

" To man fatigued with war repose is sweet. 
But, when awake, didst thou do nothing?" — '■'■Eat." 

" Lord Chatham inherited his illustrious father's form and figure, but not his 
mind . . . Constitutionally and habitually taciturn, cold, reserved, lofty, repulsive, his 
silence served as a mantle to protect him from close inspection ... It would have 
been fortunate for himself, as well as for his country if he had never been engaged in 
a military command. He possessed indeed neither activity, experience, ardour, nor 
any of the qualities that usually produce success." Wraxall, Post/i. Memoirs, vol. iii, 
pp. 127-132, who also refers to his indolence and extravagance. G.E.C. and V.G. 



CHATHAM 147 

death. High Steward of Colchester, ^c. He ;«., at the house of her 
father in Albemarle Str., St. Geo., Han. Sq., 10 July 1783, Mary Eliza- 
beth, 2nd surv. da. of Thomas (Townshend), ist Viscount Sydney, by 
Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Richard Powys, of Hintlesham, Suffolk. 
She, who was i. z Sep. 1762, d. in Hill Str., Berkeley Sq., 21, and was bur. 
30 May 1 82 1, in Westm. Abbey. He d. s.p., in Charles Str., Berkeley 
Sq., 24 Sep., and was bur. 3 Oct. 1835, in Westm. Abbey, aged 79, when 
all his honours became extittct.i^) Will pr. Oct. 1835. 

CHAUNDOSC) 

BARONY BY i. Sir Roger de Chaundos,(^) s. and h. of Robert de 
WRIT. Chaundos, of Snodhill, W^ellington, and Fownhope, co. 

Hereford (**) (who d. shortly before 26 Nov. I302),(^) by 
I. 1337. Alice, his wife. The King took his homage and he had 

livery ot his father's lands, i Jan. 1302/3.0 He was 
knighted, with the Prince of Wales, 22 May 1306. Sheriff of co. Here- 
ford, i3ii/2-i4,(») 1322-27, 1328-3 1/2, and 1334. Appointed Keeper 
and Sheriff of the land of Glamorgan and Morganwg, i Dec. I326,('') 
Keeper of Caerphilly Castle, 30 Dec. I326,C^) and Sheriff of Glamorgan 
and Morganwg, 8 Mar. i329/30.('') On 6 Feb. 1332/3 the King took his 
fealty, and he had livery of the lands lately held by Thomas, his brother.(') 

(*) His two sisters, Hester, Countess Stanhope {d. 20 July 1780) and the Hon. 
Harriet Eliot {d. 24 Sep. 1786) both left female issue. The well known and 
eccentric Lady Hester Lucy Stanhope, b. 12 Mar. 1776, d. unm. in Syria, 23 June 
1839, was the 1st daughter of the elder sister. 

('') This article has been kindly contributed by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(■=) His arms were, Or, a pile Gules. There was another family of Chaundos, 
of Radburn and Mugginton, co. Derby, of which was the celebrated Sir John 
Chaundos, K.G. Candos is between Barentin and the Seine. 

(<J) He held Snodhill, l fee, Wellington, J of 2 fees, and Fownhope, i fee; also 
■^ fee in Shipton Sollars, and Badginton, I fee, co. Gloucester: all held of the King in 
chief. He had livery of his lands 8 Jan. 1265/6, being s. and h. of Roger (who was 
under age 1232), h. of Roger de Chaundos (under age 1220, d. shortly before 12 
Dec. 1232), h. of Robert de Chaundos {d. shortly before 23 Oct. 1220), who left 
a widow, Sarah. {Fine Rolls, 4 Hen. Ill, m. I ; 5 Hen. Ill, m. lO; 17 Hen. Ill, m. 9; 
50 Hen. Ill, m. 8). 

(«) Fine Roll, 31 Edw. I, m. 18. The Inq. p. m. is now defaced, but it is said 
that his s. and h., Roger, was therein described as aged 20. 

Fine Roll, S^Edw. I, m. 18. 

(s) Not 1311/2-15. In the List of Sheriffs, Roger de Baskerville, appointed 
20 Nov. 1314 {Fine Roll, m. 17), is omitted. 

(•>) Patent Roll, 20 Edw. II, m. 4. Fine Rolls, 20 Edw. II, mm. 2, I ; 4 Edw. Ill, 
m. 25. 

(') Fine Roll, 7 Edw. Ill, m. 17. This Master Thomas de Chaundos was Arch- 
deacon of Hereford {Inq. a. q. d., file 215, no. 13: Charters and Records of Hereford 
Cathedral, p. 202, ^c), and held the manor of Lugwardine (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 34, no. 5). He has been the cause of Dugdale and others dividing his br. Roger 
into two persons. 



148 CHAUNDOS 

Knight of the Shire for co. Hereford, 13 18, 1322, 1340, and 1343. He 
was sum. for Military Service from 21 Mar. (1332/3) 7 Edw. Ill to 4 July 
(1345) 19 Edw. Ill, to Councils from 23 Apr. (1337) n Edw. Ill to 
15 July (1353) 27 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 20 Dec. (1337) 11 Edw. Ill 
to 20 Sep. (1355) 29 Edw. Ill (twice after his death), by writs directed 
Rogero Chaundos or de Chaundos, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
CHAUNDOS, but none of his descendants were ever sum. to Pari, in 
respect of this Barony.^) He ;»., istly, it is said, Katherine, da. of Richard 
Talbot, of Eccleswall, co. Hereford, by Sarahj^") da. of William (de Beau- 
champ), Earl of Warwick. She d. s.p.m. He ;«., 2ndly, before 12 Apr. 
i3I5,('^) Maud, widow of Nicholas Pointz, of Curry Mallett, co. Somerset 
[Lord Pointz] (who d. shortly before 12 July 131 1), da. of John d'Acton, 
of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester, by his ist wife, Helen. He d. 24 Sep. 
I353.('') His widow had livery of the manor of Wellington, 12 Nov. 
I353-C) She ^. 15 Aug. 1361.(0 



2. Sir Thomas Chaundos, of Snodhill, Fownhope, &c., s. and h. by 
2nd wife, aged 30 at his father's death. The King took his homage 
and fealty, 14 Nov. 1353, and he had livery of his father's lands,(s) 
and also, 7 Mar. 136 1/2, of those of his mother, who had held the manor 
of Wellington for life.(^) Knight of the Shire for co. Hereford, 1355, 
1360, 1360/1, 1362, 1363, 1370/1, and 1371. Sheriff of co. Hereford, 
1359-60, 1367-68, 1370-71, and 1373-74. He ff2., before i July i336,('') 



(*) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

C") Sarah, and not Julian. See Feudal Aids, vol. ii, p. 273. 

C) On which date they had livery of her dower [Close Roll, 8 Edw. II, m. 10). 

(^) "Rogerus Chaundos." Writ of dian cl. ext. 5 Oct. 27 Edw. in England 
and 14 in France. Inq., co. Hereford, Saturday before SS. Simon and Jude [26 Oct.] 
^353- " Et dicunt quod idem Rogerus obiit xxiiij die Septembris anno etc. vicesimo 
septimo Item dicunt quod Thomas de Chaundos chivaler filius predicti Rogeri est 
propinquior heres ipsius Rogeri et de etate triginta annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Edw. Ill, file 125, no. 14). 

(«) Close Roll, 27 Edw. Ill, m. 8. 

(') "Matiir que fuit uxor Rogeri de Chaundos." Writ of diem cl. ext. 
10 Nov. 35 Edw. III. Inq., co. Hereford, 19 Feb. 1361/2. " Et dicunt quod obiit 
in festo Assumpcionis beate Marie ultimo preterito Et dicunt quod Thomas Chaundos 
miles filius et heres Rogeri Chaundos est filius et heres masculus quem predictus 
Rogerus Chaundos de corpore predicte MatilP procreavit et est etatis triginta 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 166, no. 42). 

(e) Fine Roll, 27 Edw. Ill, m. 8. Close Roll, 36 Edw. Ill, m. 33. 

C") Roger de Chaundos granted the manor of Lugwardine to Thomas his s. and 
Lucy wife of Thomas, rem. to his own right heirs. Writ I July 10 Edw. Ill, Inq. 
a. q. d. 2 Aug. (file 236, no. 24), licence 26 Sep. 1336 {Patent Roll, 10 Edw. Ill, 
pa?s 2, m. 25). 



CHAUNDOS 149 

Lucy. He d. 6 Oct. I375.(*) His widow had livery of Lugwardine, 
28 Oct. 1375. n She d. 30 Aug. 1396. ("=) 

3. Sir John Chaundos, of Snodhill, Fownhope, (^c, s. and h., 
aged 26 and more at his father's death. The King took his homage and 
fealty, and he had livery ot his father's lands, 30 Oct. 1375, ('') and, 12 Oct. 
1396, he and his wife Philippe had livery of Wellington, and he of Lug- 
wardine, manors which had been held by his mother for life.('^) Sheriff of co. 
Hereford, 1382. Knight of the Shire for co. Hereford, 1392/3 and 
1394/5. He ;«., istly, in 1363, Violette,('') da. of John de la Bere (s. and 
h. ap. of Sir Richard de la Bere, of Kinnersley, co. Hereford, by Sibyl, da. 
and h. of William de Chabbenor, of Chadnor in that co.). He ;;?., 2ndly, 
Philippe,Q widow of Edward de Bohun (s. and h. ap. of Sir John de Bohun, 
of Midhurst, Sussex [Lord Bohun]), who d. v.p. and s.p. in Jan. 1361/2,(5) 
and da. of Sir Guy de Briene, of Laugharne, co. Carmarthen [Lord Briene]. 
She was living 20 Oct. 1406. C*) He d. s.p., 16 Dec. 1428,0 when any 
hereditary Barony, that may be supposed to have been created by the writ 
of 1337, fell into abeyance. 

{*) " Thomas Chaundos chivaler." Writ of diem d. ext. 1 2 Oct. 49 Edw. in 
England and 36 in France. Inq., co. Hereford, Saturday after St. Luke [20 Oct.] 
1375. " Et dicunt quod predictus Thomas Chaundos obiit sexto die Octobris uhimo 
preterito Et quod Johannes filius predicti Thome propinquior heres ejus est et etatis 
XX et vj annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 243, no. 26: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 40, no. 2). 

O-) C/ose Roll, 49 Edw. Ill, m. 16. 

(=) " Lucia que fuit uxor Thome Chaundos militis defuncti." Writ of diem cl. ext. 
14 Sep. 20 Ric. II. Inq., co. Hereford, Saturday after St. Matthew [23 Sep.] 
1396. "Et dicunt quod eadem Lucia obiit die mercurii proximo post festum sancti 
Bartholomei Apostoli ultimo preteritum (Et quod) predictus Johannes Chaundos 
est filius et heres predicti Thome Chaundos filii predicti Rogeri Chaundos et predicte 
Lucie uxoris (predicti) Thome . . . et est etatis xl annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. «., 
Ric. II, file 91, no. 22). 

{^) Fine Roll, 49 Edw. Ill, m. 1 6. Close Roll, 20 Ric. II, pars I, m. 24. 

(') Thomas de Chaundos settled lands in Wellington, Fownhope, and Snodhill, 
on himself for life, rem. to John his s. and Violette da. of John de la Bere and the 
heirs of the said John the son. Writ, 3 July 37 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. q. d. 17 July 
(file 348, no. 2), "licence 12 Oct. 1363 {Patent Roll, 37 Edw. Ill, pars 2, m. 34). 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Guy de Briene), Ric. II, file 62, no. 8. 

(6) Genealogist, N.S., vol. xxviii, pp. 8, 11. 

(•>) Patent Roll, 8 Hen. IV , pars I, m. 36. 

" Johannes Chaundos miles." Writ of diem cl. ext. 20 Dec. 7 Hen. VI. Inq., 
CO. Hereford, Friday the morrow of the Epiphany [7 Jan.] 1428/9. "Et dicunt 
quod idem Johannes Chaundos obiit sextodecimo die Decembris ultimo preterito 
Et quod Egidius Brugge armiger Et Margareta uxor Nicholai Mattesdon' sunt con- 
sanguinei et heredes ipsius Johannis Chaundos propinquiores . . . videlicet predictus 
Egidius Brugge filius Alici'e unius filiarum Elizabethe [«V] sororis predicti Johannis 
Chaundos Et predicta Margareta altera filiarum predicte Elizabethe sororis 
predicti Johannis Chaundos Et dicunt quod predictus Egidius Brugge est etatis 
triginta annorum et amplius Et quod predicta Margareta est etatis quadraginta 
annorum et amplius." Inq., same co., 1 Dec. 1445. "Set dicunt quod . . 



I50 CHAUNDOS 

His heirs were the representatives of his sister, Margaret, who d. 
4 Apr. i4o6.(^) She ;;/. Thomas Berkeley, of Cubberley and Stoke 
Archer, co. Gloucester, Chikote, co. Derby, and Eldersfield, co. Wor- 
cester, who d. \% Apr. I405.('') They had two daughters their coheirs, 
(i) Margaret (aged 30 and more in 1405, living 1428, dead 1435), who 
m. Nicholas Mattesdon, of Kingsholme juxta Gloucester, who d. 19 Oct. 
1435 ;('^) their s. and h., Robert Mattesdon, of Kingsholme and Stoke 
Archer, d. s.p., 1 6 Feb. 1457/8, ('^) when the issue of Margaret became extinct. 

Thomas [Chaundos] habuit exitum Johannem Chaundos et Elizabethan! ... Et 
quod Egidius Brugge et Robertus Mattesdon' sunt consanguine] et heredes ipsius 
Johannis Chaundos videlicet predictus Egidius Brugge filius Alicie unius filiarum 
prcdicte Eiizabethe sororis predict! Johannis de Chaundos Et predictus Robertus 
Mattesdon' filius Margarete altera filiarum predicte Eiizabethe Et quod predictus 
Egidius est etatis quadraginta annorum et amplius et predictus Robertus Mattesdon' 
est etatis triginta annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. w., Hen. VI, file 40, no. 54, 
file 117, no. 11: Exch. Inq. p. ?n., I, file 143, no. I, file 181, no. 3). 

(*) "Margareta que fuit uxor Thome Berkeley de Coberley." Writs of diem 
cl. ext. 24 Apr. and 17 May 7 Hen. IV. Inq., cos. Gloucester, Derby, 10, 15 May 
1406. "Et dicunt quod predicta Margareta que fuit uxor predicti Thome Berkeley 
obiit die dominica in Ramis Palmarum ultimo preterite Et dicunt quod prefate 
Margareta uxor Nicholai [Mattesdon'] et Alicia [uxor Thome Brugge] sunt filie et 
heredes predicte Margarete propinquiores Et dicunt quod dicta Margareta uxor 
Nicholai est etatis triginta annorum et amplius Et predicta Alicia est etatis viginti 
et octo annorum et amplius." Inq., co. Worcester, Friday before the Trinity 
[4 June] 1406. "Robertus de Patenham est propinquior heres ejus": i.e., not "con- 
sanguineus," but merely h. to a rent in Eldersfield which Margaret had held for life. 
(Ch. Inq. />. w., Hen. IV, file 53, no. 22: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 88, no. 6). 

('') " Thomas Berkeley de Coberley." Writs of diem cl. ext. 20 Apr. 6 Hen. IV. 
Inq., cos. Worcester, Derby, Gloucester, Tuesday after the Invention of the Cross 
[5 May], 7, 9 May 1405. " Et quod predictus Thomas Berkeley de Coberley obiit 
die dominica in Ramis Palmarum ultimo preterita Et quod Margareta uxor Nicholai 
Mattesdon' et Alicia uxor Thome de Brugge sunt filie et heredes ipsius Thome 
Berkeley propinquiores Et quod predicta Margareta est etatis xxx annorum et 
amplius Et predicta Alicia est etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. w.. 
Hen. IV, file 46, no. 5: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 85, no. 8). Will, dated Sunday 
after the Annunciation [29 Mar.] 1405, directing his burial to be in the Church of 
St. Giles at Cubberley. 

("=) "Nicholaus Maddesdon' armiger." Writ of diem cl. ext. i Nov. 14 Hen. VI. 
Inq., CO. Gloucester, Monday before St. Katherine [21 Nov.] 1435. "... predictus 
Nicholaus Maddesdon' obiit xix° die mensis Octobris anno supradicto . . . Robertus 
filius ejusdem Nicholai est heres ejusdem Nicholai propinquior Et . . . predictus 
Robertus est filius predicte Margarete et heres ejusdem Margarete propinquior 
Et . . . dictus Robertus est etatis viginti et quinque annorum et amplius." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 74, no. 25). 

{^) "Robertus Mattesdon'." Writs, of diem cl. ext. 22 Feb. and of plenius certiorari 
27 June 36 Hen. VI. Inq., co. Gloucester, Friday 2 June and Thursday the Feast of 
St. Matthew [21 Sep.] 1458. "Et dicunt quod idem Robertus die Jovis proximo 
post festum sancti Valentini martiris ultimo preteritum obiit sine herede de corpore 
suo Et dicunt ulterius quod Egidius Brugge armiger est consanguineus et proximus 
heres predicti Roberti ... Et ... est etatis quadraginta annorum et amplius." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 168, no. 23: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 552). 



CHAUNDOS 151 

(2) Alice (aged 26 and more in 1405, J. 12 May I4i4),(^) who ;«., istly, 
as 2nd wife, Thomas Brugge, of Haresfield and Matson, co. Gloucester, 
who d. 7 Apr. 1408 ;(") she w;., 2ndly (pardon for marrying without licence] 
3 July i4o8),(^) as 3rd wife, John Browning, of Leigh (near Deerhurst), 
CO. Gloucester, who d. 6 Feb. 141 5/6. C^) 

4. Giles Brugge, of Cubberley, Stoke Archer, lofc, s. of Thomas 
Brugge and Alice (Berkeley) abovenamed, h. to his mother, but not to 
his father, b. and bap. at Haresfield, 21 Dec. 1396.0 Sheriff of co. 
Gloucester, 1429/30-30 and 1453-54. Knight of the Shire for co. Gloucester, 
H30/I) and 1455. In Feb. 1457/8, on the death of his cousin, 
Robert Mattesdon, he became dejure{^) Lord Chaundos. He m. Katherine, 
widow of Reynold Gyse, of Elmore, co. Gloucester (living 28 Oct. 
1420), and da. of James Clifford, of Frampton in that co. He d. 

13 Apr. 1467,(0 aged 70. 

5. Thomas Brugge or a Bruggis, of Cubberley, i^c., s. and h., 
aged 40 and more at his father's death. Knight of the Shire for co. 

(') "Alicia que fuit uxor Johannis Brounyng' armigeri." Writs of diem d. ext. 

14 May 2 Hen. V. Inq., cos. Gloucester, Worcester, Oxford, the vigil of the Trinity, 
the vigil of and Saturday after Corpus Chrisii [2, 6, 9 June], 1414. " Et dicunt quod 
predicta AHcia obiit die sabati proximo ante festum Asiencionis domini anno supra- 
dicto Et ulterius dicunt quod Egidius Brugge filius predictorum Thome et Alicie est 
heres ejus propinquior et est etatis septemdeccm annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. 
Hen. V, file 6, no. 7: Exch. Inq. p. rn., I, file 102, no. 10). 

C") "Thomas Brugge." Writ of diem cl. ext. 2 May 9 Hen. IV. Inq., co. 
Gloucester, Monday after St. Denis [15 Oct.] 1408. " Et dicunt quod predictus 
Thomas Brugge obiit die sabbati in vigilia dominice in Ramis Palmarum ultimo 
preterita predicta Alicia uxore ejus ad hue superstite Et dicunt quod Ed'us filius 
predict! Thome Brugge est heres ejus propinquior et etatis viginti trium annorum et 
amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. w., Hen. IV, file 66, no. 22: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 93, 
no. 7). 

(') Patent Roll, 9 Hen. IV , purs 2, m. 17. 

("^) "Johannes Browenyng'." Writ of diem cl. ext. 6 Feb. [j/V] 3 Hen. V. 
Inq., CO. Gloucester, Saturday after St. Matthias [29 Feb.] 141 5/6. "Johannes 
Browenyng' obiit die Jovis proximo post festum Purificacionis beate Marie ultimo 
preteritum." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. V, file II, no. 8: Exch. Inq. p. ?«., I, file 104, 
no. 9). 

(') " Egidius Brugge filius et heres Alicie que fuit uxor Johannis Brounyng' 
armigeri defuncti." Writ de etatc probanda 6 June 6 Hen. V. Inq., Tewkesbury, 
Monday after St. John the Baptist [27 June] 1418 . . . "predictus Egidius est etatis xxj 
annorum et amplius . . . natus fuit apud Hasfeld' . . . in . . . festo sancti Thome prefato 
anno etc. Regis Ricardi [vicesimo] et eodem die baptizatus fuit in ecclesia de Hasfeld'." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. V, file 35, no. 57). 

According to modern doctrine only. He himself had no idea of it. 

(8) "Egidius Brugge." Writ of diem cl. ext. 27 Apr. 7 Edw. IV. Inq., co. 
Gloucester, Wednesday the vigil of the Ascension [6 May] 1467. " Et quod 
idem Egidius Brugge obiit terciodecimo die Aprilis ultimo preterito Et quod 
Thomas Brugge est filius et heres predict! Egidii propinquior et est etatis quadraginta 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. ?«., Edw, IV^, file 23, no. 15). 



152 CHAUNDOS 

Gloucester, 1460, and for co. Hereford, 1472. He m. Florence, da. 
of William Darell, of Littlecote, Wilts, by Elizabeth,(^) da. and h. of 
Thomas Calstone, of Littlecote afsd. He d. 30 Jan. 1492/3. (*") 

6. Sir Giles Brugge or a Bruggis, of Cubberley, tfc, s. and h., 
aged 30 and more at his father's death. Sheriff of co. Gloucester 1499- 
1500. He m. Isabel, da. of Thomas Baynham, of Mitcheldean, co. 
Gloucester, by his 2nd wife, Alice,('^) da. and h. of William Walwyn, of 
Ruardean in that co., and of Bickerton, co. Hereford. He d. i Dec. 1 5 1 1.('^) 
Will dat. 20 Nov. 15 11, pr. 18 Feb. 1511/2, directing his burial to be 
at Cubberley. His wife survived him. 

7. Sir John Brugge or Brydges, of Cubberley, i^c, s. and h., 
b. and bap. at Cubberley, 9 Mar. 1492/3.0 On 8 Apr. 1554, he was 
cr. BARON CHANDOS OF SUDELEY, co. Gloucester. He d. 
13 Apr. ISSI-^) S^^ further particulars under "Chandos." 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. V, file 10, no. 52, Edw. IV, file 12, no. 13. 

('') "Thomas a Bruggis armiger." Writs of diem cl. ext. 31 Jan. and I Feb. 
8 Hen. VII. Inq., cos. Worcester, Gloucester, 27 Feb., 7 Mar. 1492/3. " Et quod 
predictus Thomas a Bruggis obiit penultimo die mensis Januarii ultimo preterite 
Et quod Egidius a Bruggis est filius et heres predicti Thome a Bruggis propinquior 
et est etatis triginta annorum et amplius [^Brugge for a Bruggis in writ and inq. co. 
Gloucester]." (Ch. Inq. p. ?n., II, vol. 8, nos. io6, 107). A Margaret Bruges is 
said (Bristol and Gloucester Archasol. Soc, Transactions, vol. vii, p. 272) to have 
been living his widow in 1 501. She was really the widow of his yr. br. Giles, as is 
stated in her Inq. p. m., Ch., II, vol. 31, no. 87, Exch., II, file 351, no. 2. 

(■=) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on William Walwyn), Edw. IV, file 37, no. 26. 
Transactions, as above, vol. vi, p. 185. 

(•*) " Egidius Brugges miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 1 1 Dec. and 1 7 Feb. 
3 Hen. VIII. Inq., cos. Derby, Wilts, Gloucester (town and co.), Hereford, 
Worcester, 11, 23, 23 Mar. 1511/2, 27, 29 Mar., 16 Apr. 1512. " Et dicunt 
quod idem Egidius obiit primo die Decembris ultimo preterito Et quod predictus 
Johannes Brugge est filius dictorum Egidii et Isabelle et heres ejusdem Egidii 
propinquior et quod fuit etatis tempore mortis predicti Egidii patris sui decern et 
novem annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 26, nos. 22, 91-95: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., II, files 732, no. 6, 964, no. II, 347, no. 4, 414, no. 3, II72, no. l). 

(*) " Probacio etatis Johannis Brugge militis filii et heredis Egidii Brugge 
militis," Cheltenham, 23 Mar. (1513/4) 5 Hen. VIII. "Johannes Brugge miles 
fuit et est etatis viginti et unius annorum nono die Marcii ultimo preterite . . . natus 
fuit apud Cowberley . . . nono die Marcii anno regni Regis Henrici septimi septimo 
[ia] et in ecclesia de Cowberley predicta eodem die et anno baptizatus fuit." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., II, vol. 29, no. 16). 

(') "Johannes Brydges miles dominus Chandows." Writ oi diem cl. ext. 4 June 
3 and 4 Ph. i^ Mar. Inq., cos. Gloucester, Wilts, 16 June and 12 July 1557. 
"Johannes Brugge miles dominus Chandos obiit decimo tercio [xiij — co. Gloucester'] 
die Aprillis ultimo preterito." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 109, no. 70, vol. 114, 
no. 71 : Exch. Inq. p. m., II, file 997, no. 8). 



CHAURCES 153 

CHAURCES or CHAWORTH 

BARONY BY Thomas de Chaurces, s. and h. of Thomas de C.(*) 
WRIT. On 8 June 1294 he, with about 60 others, had summons 

to attend the King wheresoever he might be, and, again, 
I. 1299. on 26 Jan. 1296/7 was sum. to attend the King at 

Salisbury, which writs, however, did not constitute a sum. 
to ParLC") He was sum. to Pari. 6 Feb. (1298/9) 27 Edw. I, by writ 
directed Thome de Chaworth, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
CHAURCES,('=) but was not sum. to the Pari, at Lincoln, 26 Sep. 1300, 
though his name as " Thomas de Chaurces,{f) Dominus de Norton '{") is 
affixed to the celebrated letter of the Barons to the Pope in 1301. He m. 
Joan before i Nov. 1301, when she was living. He d. 13 15, before 20 Oct., 
when his lands were ordered to be taken into the King's hands. 

[After his death none of his posterity were sum. to Pari, until the 
creation by patent in 1628. His successors were (i) his s. and h. William 
Chaworth (henceforward the family name), who was sue. by his s. and h. 
(2) Sir Thomas C.,(') who m. Alice, and was sue. by his s. and h. (3) Sir 
Thomas C, who m. Jane, da. of Geoffrey Luttrell, and who d. (1370-71) 
44 Edw. III. Theirs, and h. ap. (4) Sir Thomas C, ;«., istly, Joan, widow 
of Sir Richard de la Pole, the King's butler (both being alive 28 May 

{') This Thomas was s. and h. of William de C. (living 1232), by Alice, ist da. 
of Robert Alfreton, of Norton, co. Derby, and coh. of her br., Thomas A., of the 
same, was a minor and ward (1241-42) 26 Hen. Ill, but came of age (1246-47) 
31 Hen. III. 

C') As to these writs, see Preface. 

(') As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

(^) He is called Chaors, Chaurces, Chawrces, Chawerches, Schawrces, Chawerch, 
Chawurces, and this does not exhaust the list of contemporary spellings. The French 
17th century form was Chourches or Chourses. The place itself, in Maine, is now 
written Sourches. Df Cadurcis is the latinised form of the name, and Chaworth the 
one which has survived in England. V.G. 

(*) The personal nature of the English Baronage as opposed to the feudal tenure 
of the continental Nobles is shown by the fact that, in a letter intended for foreign 
parts, the subscribers thereto go out of their way to add to their description the fact of 
their tenure of some Lordship; thus though ^^ Johannes ap Adam, Dominus de Beverstoue" 
was not Lord Beverstone; though " Henricus de Percy, Dominus de TopcUve " was not 
Lord Topdive, and, though in this case, the signer was not Lord Norton, a territorial 
description is added; yet the very method of summoning to Pari, by writ (such writs 
being directed to those summoned, under their personal names, not under their territorial 
designations, as, e.g., that to "Thomas de Chaworth Chevalier'') stamps the personality 
of any dignity which may be held to have been thereby conferred. 

His will (Latin), dat. AfHrton [Alfreton], 6 Nov. 1347, directs his burial to 
be with his grandfather. Lord Thomas, in the Abbey of Beauchief, co. Derby, and 
makes his s. and h. Thomas executor, but mentions no wife. V.G. 

20 



154 CHAURCES 

I348),(^) and 2ndly, Margaret (who as his widow, w., before Midsummer, 
1373, when both were living, William de Spaigne, of St. Botolph's), and 
d. v.p. (5) Sir William C.,(^) s. and h., by 2nd wife, having pr. his age, had 
livery of his grandfather's lands, 13 June 1373; he m. Alice, da. and h. of 
Sir John Caltofte. (6) Sir Thomas C, their s. and h., m., 2ndly, before 
24 Aug. 1449, Isabel (living as his wife 2 Nov. 1452), da., and in her issue h. 
of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, of Wiverton, Notts, and d. 17 Feb. (1458/9) 
37 Hen. VI. (7) Sir William C, their s. and h., m. Elizabeth, da. and coh. 
of Nicholas Bowett, of Repinghall, by whom he had (8) Thomas C, who 
7n. Margaret, da. of John (Talbot), 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, and d. a 
lunatic and s.p. (1482-83) 22 Edw. IV, leaving Joan, wife of John Ormond, 
his sister and h.('^) She d. s.p.m., leaving three daughters, among whose 
descendants any Barony which may be supposed to have been cr. by the 
writ of 1299 is in abeyance. i^)'] 

CHAVENT, CHAUVENT, or CHAMPVENTC) 

BARONY BY Piers de Chavent, of Rawreth, Essex, and Wapham, 
WRIT. Northants, called King's Yeoman, i Mar. i252/3,(^) 

held lands in Sussex 1284-5. -^^ ^^^ engaged in the 
I. 1299. wars in Gascony 1296-97, and was sum. to Pari. 29 Dec. 

(1299) 28 Edw. I, by writ directed Petro de Chawuent, 
whereby he is held to have become LORD CHAVENT.(s) He had 
previously been among the Barons sum. to Carlisle, cum equis et armis, 
26 Sep. 1298, and was also sum. to the Pari, at Lincoln 26 Sep. 1300, 
though his name does not appear among those who signed the letter to the 
Pope in 1 30 1. Steward of the Household to Edward I. He m., before 
22 Feb. 1295/6, Agnes. He ^. between 14 Aug. 1302 and 29 Mar. 1303. 
His widow was living 10 June 1303. 

[John de Chavent, s. and h., aged 30 in 1302, was never sum. to 
Pari, though frequently cum equis et armis. He had a grant, 20 Jan. 129 1/2, 
of the marriage of Joan, da. and coh. of Philip Marmion. He alienated 
Rawreth afsd. 28 Apr. 13 14. He d. shortly before i Mar. 1343/4, leaving 
a s. and h., John Champvent, who d. 1371, and who left two great-grand- 
er) Patent Roll. 

(*>) His will, dat. Wyverton, 16 Dec. 1398, pr. 5 Jan. 1398/9, mentions his 
wife Alice and s. Thomas. [Test. Ebor., Surtees Soc, vol. i, pp. 247-8). V.G. 

('^) Sir George Chaworth, uncle and h. male, of this Thomas, m. Alice, da. and h. 
of John Annesley, of Annesley, Notts, and was ancestor of the family of Chaworth of 
Annesley, sometime Viscounts Chaworth [I.]. 

{'^) These were (i) Joan, m., istly, Thomas Dinan (illegit. s. of John, the last 
Lord Dinan), by whom she had several children. She m., 2ndly ( — ) FitzWilliam. 
(2) Elizabeth, ??j. Sir Anthony Babington, by whom she was great-grandmother of 
Anthony B., attainted temp. Queen Elizabeth. (3) Anne, m. William Mering, of 
Notts, but d. s.p. 

{^) Chauvent or Champvent is near Grandson on the Lake of Neuchdtel. V.G. 

(<) Patent Roll. 

(e) See note "c" on preceding page. 



CHAVENT 155 

daughters (children of John, s. and h. ap. of another John, both deed.) his 
coheirs, viz. Margaret, aged 5, and Joan, aged 4 years, among whose 
descendants any Barony which may be supposed to have been cr. by the 
writ of 1299 is in abeyance.'\ 

CHAWORTH see CHAURCES 

CHAWORTH OF ARMAGH and CHAWORTH 

OF TRIM 

VISCOUNTCY AND i. George Chaworth, s. and h. of John C, 

■RARONY FT 1 °^ Wiverton and Annesley, Notts, and of Crop- 

•- ■-' hill Butler in that co., by Jane, da. of David 

Vincent, of Stoke Dabernon, Surrey, was M.P. 
I- 1628. (foj. _? East Retford 1588-89) for Notts 1620-22, 

and for Arundel Jan. to Mar. 1623/4. He was 
knighted at Greenwich 29 May 1605, and was employed in the Court of 
James I and Charles 1. On 4 Mar. 1627/8, he was cr. BARON 
CHAWORTH OFTRYME, co. Meath, and VISCOUNT CHAWORTH 
OF ARMAGH, co. Armagh [I.]. High SherifFof Notts Nov. 1638 till his 
death. He m. Mary, sister of Sir William Knyveton, Bart., da. of William 
Knyveton, of Mercaston, co. Derby, by Jane, da. and coh. of Ralph 
Leeche. He d. at Bath, Somerset, 3, and was bur. 15 July 1639, at 
Langar, Notts. Fun. certif. in Pub. Record Office. Will pr. 1639. His 
widow d. at a scrivener's house, above Middle Row, 28, and was bur. 
29 July 1646, at St. Andrew's, Holborn. Admon. 28 Mar. 1650 to a 
creditor. 

II. 1639. 2. John (Chaworth), Viscount Chaworth of Ar- 

magh, i^c. [I.], ist surv. s. and h. Introduced by proxy 
to the House of Lords [I.] 26 Oct. 1640. He ;«., istly, before 1632, 
Penelope, da. of Edward (Noel), Viscount Campden, by Juliana, da. 
and coh. of Baptist (Hicks), also Viscount Campden. She d. of consump- 
tion, and was bur. 30 June 1638, at Southwell, Notts. He m., 2ndly, 
13 Dec. 1643, ^^ Gainsborough, Anne, da. of Dixie Hickman, of Kew, 
Surrey, by Elizabeth, da. of Henry (Windsor), 5th Lord Windsor. By 
her he had no issue. He^. June 1644. His widow was living 27 Feb. 1647. 

III. 1644 3. Patrick (Chaworth), Viscount Chaworth of 

to Armagh and Baron Chaworth of Trim [I.], s. and h. by 

1693. 1st wife, bap. 20 June 1635, at Southwell, Notts; sat by 

proxy in the House of Lords [I.] 11 June 1 66 1 . He did 

not sit in the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May i689.(=') He m., before 1666, 

(=>) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Par!., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 



156 CHAWORTH 

Grace, 2nd da. of John (Manners), 8th Earl of Rutland, by Frances, 
da. of Edward (Montagu), Baron Montagu of Boughton. He d. 
s.p.m. legit., in June 1693, aged 58, and is said to have been bur. at Annesley, 
Notts, when his Peerage became extinct.(^) Will, in which he desires to be 
bur. at Annesley, dat. 30 Apr. 1693, pr. 24 Apr. 1694, at York. His 
widow, who was b. at Haddon, co. Derby, 1632, m., as his ist wife, Sir 
William Langhorne, Bart, (so cr. 1668), who d. 26 Feb. 1714/5. She d. 
i5,and was/J«r. 24 Feb. 1699/1700, at Charlton, Kent, in her 69th year. M.I. 

CHAWORTH OF EATON HALL 

BARONY. I. John Chambre (Brabazon), Earl of Meath, ^c. 

[I.], was, 10 Sep. 1 83 1, cr. BARON CHAWORTH 

I. 1 83 1. OF EATON HALL, co. Hereford. He was great- 

grandson of Chambre (Brabazon), 5th Earl of Meath [I.], 

who m. Juliana, aged 7 years in i662,('') da. and sole h. of Patrick 

(Chaworth), 3rd and last Viscount Chaworth of Armagh [I.] abovenamed. 

See Meath, Earldom of [I.], cr. iGi'], under the loth Earl. 

CHEDWORTH 

BARONY. I. John Howe, s. and h. of the Right Hon. John 

H., of Stowell, CO. Gloucester,('=) Paymaster Gen. {d. 1 72 1), 
I. 1 741. by Mary, da. and h. of Humphrey Baskerville, of 

Pentrylios, co. Hereford, on the death of his cousin. Sir 
Richard Howe, Bart.j^*) 3 July 1730, sue. to his estates at Compton, 
CO. Gloucester, and Wishford in Wilts. He was M.P. (Whig) for 
Gloucester, Feb. to July 1 7 2 7 , and for Wilts 1 7 2 9 ; (') Recorder of Warwick 
1737-41. On 12 May 1741, he was cr. LORD CHEDWORTH, 

(*) Elizabeth, his sister, bap. 19 Dec. 1632, at Southwell, m. William (Byron), 
3rd Lord Byron, and was ancestor of the Poet, whose early attachment to his cousin, 
Mary Anne Chaworth, is commemorated in his lines "To a Lady," beginning "Oh, 
had my fate been join'd with thine;" and again in a "Fragment," which begins 
" Hills of Annesley, bleak and barren." This lady, "the solitary scion left of a time 
honoured race," was the sole da. and h. of George Chaworth of Annesley, the last h. 
male of that line. See ante, p. 154, note "c." She m., in 1805, John Musters, of 
Colwiclc Hall, Notts, and d. at Wiverton Hall (the ancestral home of the Chaworths), 
Feb. 1832, aged 46, being some 2 or 3 years older than her said cousin. 

C") Visit, of Notts, 1662. 

("=) The Jack Howe so well known to readers of Macaulay's History of England. 
V.G. 

i^) The h. male, who sue. to the Baronetcy, was his cousin, Scrope (Howe), 2nd 
Viscount Howe [L], all of whose honours became extinct, on the death s.p. of William, 
the 5th Viscount, in 18 14. 

(') Up to 1734 he acted with the Tories and dissentient Whigs, voting against 
the Excise scheme, and for the repeal of the Septennial Act, but in the next parliament 
supported Walpole, and received a peerage on his recommendation. Even at that 
time " ratting " was one of the short roads to a Peerage, though traversed less frequently 
than in these degenerate days. V.G. 



CHEDWORTH 157 

BARON OF CHEDWORTH, co. Gloucester. He m. Dorothy, ist da. 
of Henry Frederick Thynne, of Sunbury, Midx., by Dorothy, da. and coh. 
of Francis Philips, of the same. He d. 3 Apr. 1742, and was bur. at 
Withington, co. Gloucester. Will pr. May 1742. His widow, who was 
bap. 22 Sep. 1692, at St. Margaret's, Westm., d. in Leicester fields, Midx., 
14 Feb. 1777, and was bur. at Wishford. 

II. 1742. 2. John Thynne (Howe), Baron Chedworth, 2nd, 

but 1st surv. s. and h., b. 18 Feb. 17 14. Lord Lieut, of 
CO. Gloucester, and Constable of St. Briavel's, 1758 till his death. A 
Whig in politics. He m., 23 Sep. 1751, at Somerset house chapel, Midx., 
Martha (a fortune of ^40,000), ist da. and coh. of Sir Philip Parker-a- 
Morley-Long (formerly Parker), Bart., by Martha, da. of William East, 
of the Middle Temple, London. He d. s.p., 9 May 1762, aged 48, and 
was bur. at W^ithington afsd. Will pr. Feb. 1765. His widow, who was 
b. 23 Mar. 17 15, and bap. 11 Apr. 171 6, at St. Anne's, Soho, d. 30 Nov. 
1775, i" Leicester fields, Midx., and was bur. at Erwarton, Suifolk. Will 
pr. Dec. 1775. 

III. 1762. 3. Henry Frederick (Howe), Baron Chedworth, 

br. and h., b. 17 Feb. 1715. A Whig in politics. He d. 
unm., at Stowell, 7, and was bur. 16 Oct. 1781, at Withington, aged 66. 
Will pr. 1 78 1. 

IV. 1781 4. John (Howe), Baron Chedworth, nephew and h., 

to being 2nd, but ist surv. s. and h. of the Rev. the Hon. 

1804. Thomas Howe, Rector of Wishford, V/ilts (next br. to 

the last Baron), by Frances, da. of Thomas White, of 
Tattingstone place, Suffolk. He was b. 22 Aug. 1754, at St. Edmund's, 
Salisbury. Ed. at Harrow, and at Queen's Coll. Oxford. He, like his 
three predecessors, was a Whig. He d. unm., in London, 29 Oct., and was 
bur. 3 Nov. 1804, at St. Matthew's, Ipswich,('') aged 50, when his Peerage 
became extinct. Will pr. 1804. 

CHELMSFORD 

BARONY. I. Frederic C") Thesiger, 3rd but only surv. s. of 

Charles T., Collector of Customs in the island of St. Vincent 

I. 1858. (who ^. 18 Feb. 1831), by Mary Anne, da. of Theophilus 

Williams, of London, was b. at i Fowkes Building, 

(*) He was fond of the drama and of horse racing. His chief seats in 1 789 are 
given as Chedworth, co. Gloucester, and Alton, Suffolk. See an account of him in 
Gent. Mag., 1804, vol. Ixxiv, p. 1 242. V.G. 

(^) He was doubtless named after his father's eldest br., Sir Frederic Thesiger, 
Capt. R.N., Aide-de-camp to Nelson in the attack on Copenhagen in 1801, Knight 
of St. George of Russia (4th Class, 27 Oct. 1803), who d. unm., 2 Sep. 1805. 



158 



CHELMSFORD 



Tower Str., 15 July, and bap. 4 Sep. 1794, at St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, 
London; ed. at Dr. Burney's school at Greenwich, and subsequently at the 
naval academy at Gosport. In 1807 he became a midshipman and served 
7 Sep. at the second bombardment of Copenhagen. The total destruc- 
tion, in 18 12, of his father's estate in St. Vincent by volcanic eruption, 
made him resolve to become a barrister, with a view to practice in the 
West Indies. He entered at Gray's Inn, 5 Nov. 1 813, and was called to the 
Bar, 18 Nov. 1818, migrating to the Inner Temple, 1824. He joined the 
Home Circuit, and became (by purchase) one of the four Counsel of the 
Palace Court, Instituted for trial of causes of small amount within 1 2 miles 
of Westm. K.C. 1834, being for the next 10 years Leader of his Circuit. 
He was M.P. (Conservative) for Woodstock, 1840-44; for Abingdon, 
1844-52; and for Stamford, 1852-58. Treasurer of the Inner Temple, 1843. 
After 26 years' practice, he was, 15 Apr. 1844, made Solicitor Gen., being 
knighted 23 May 1844. F.R.S. 19 June 1845. Attorney Gen. 29 June 
1845 to 3 July 1846, and again 27 Feb. to 28 Dec. 1852. In the Derby 
ministry of 1858-59 he was Lord Chancellor, 26 Feb. i858.('') P.C. 
26 Feb. 1858. On i Mar. 1858 he was cr. BARON CHELMSFORD (>■) 
OF CHELMSFORD, Essex. He resigned the Chancellorship (in 16 
months' time) 18 June 1859, was reappointed 6 July 1866, but again 
resigned 29 Feb. i868.('=) Hon. D.C.L., Oxford. He w., 9 Mar. 
1822, at All Saints', Southampton, Anna Maria, yst. da. and coh. of William 
TiNLiNG, of Southampton, by Frances,('^) da. of Sir Richard Pierson, K.B. 
She, who was b. 24 Dec. 1799, d. 9 Apr. 1875, ^'^ 7 Eaton Sq., Midx., and 
was bur. in Brompton cemetery. He d. 5 Oct. 1878, after a painful 
operation, in his 85th year, at the same house, and was bur. with his wife.(') 
Will pr. 23 Oct. 1878, under ;^50,ooo.(') 



(*) For this and other great offices of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

('') He chose this designation, as it was at Chehnsford, in 1832, that the trial 
took place in which he acquired the greatest reputation. It was as to the title of his 
client (the Lord of the Manor) to some unenclosed strips of land on the highway, 
which, after three trials, he succeeded in establishing. There were, indeed, i^vf cele- 
brated trials during his long career, in which he did not hold a brief, and his eloquence 
and good sense rendered him a most successful advocate. 

('^) He was compelled, by Disraeli, to make way for his abler successor. Lord 
Cairns, without, as he bitterly said, the month's notice which would have been given 
to a cook. V.G. 

(^) This Frances was sister and coh. of the gallant Major Pierson who was slain 
6 Jan. 1 781 while successfully repelling a formidable French invasion of the Isle of 
Jersey. 

if) His 3rd son, the Hon. Alfred Henry Thesiger, b. 15 July 1838, early distin- 
guished himself in his father's profession; Q.C. 1873; one of the Lords Justices of 
Appeal and a P.C, 1877. ^^ ^- ^-P- 20 Oct. 1880, aged 42. 

A popular man but an indifferent lawyer. George Venables said of his 
appointment, " Sir Frederic Thesiger is raised to the Chancellorship amidst universal 
sympathy which we cannot help extending to the suitors." V.G. 



CHELMSFORD 159 

II. 1878. 2. Frederic Augustus (Thesiger), Baron Chelms- 

ford, s. and h., ^. 21 May 1837; entered the army 1844; 
Capt. Gren. Guards 1850; medal and clasp for service before Sebastopol 
1855; Lieut. Col. 95th Foot 1858; Brevet Col. 1863; served against the 
mutineers in Central India; Dep. Adjutant Gen. at Bombay 1861 ; Adjutant 
Gen. to the Abyssinian expedition 1867-68, where he distinguished himself 
and was favourably mentioned; C.B. 14 Aug. 1868; Aide-de-camp to the 
Queen 1868-77, and Adjutant Gen. to the Bengal army 1869-74; Major 
Gen. 1877 (Commission antedated to Nov. 1868); K.C.B. 11 Nov. 1878; 
Brig. Gen. in command of ist Infantry brigade at Aldershot; Commander 
of the forces in the Kaffir war 1878, and in the Zulu war 1879; Lieut. Gov. 
of the Cape of Good Hope 1878-79; G.C.B. 19 Aug. 1879; Lieut. Gen. 
in the army 1882; Gen. 1888; Lieut, of the Tower of London 1884-89; Col. 
of the Sherwood Foresters (the old 45th and 95th Foot) 1898-1900; 
Col. of the 2nd Life Guards, 1900 till his death; G.C.V.O. 9 Nov. 1902. 
He was a Conservative. He ;«., i Jan. 1867, at Kurrachee, Scinde, Adria 
Fanny, ist da. of ( — ) Heath, Major Gen. in the Bombay army. He d. 
suddenly, of aneurism of the heart, while playing billiards at the United 
Service Club, Pall Mall, 9, and was bur. 13 Apr. 1905, in Brompton 
Cemetery, in his 68th year.(^) Will pr. 24 May 1905, gross over 
;^68,ooo, net over ^66,000. His widow was living 19 13. 

[Frederic John Napier Thesiger, ist s. and h. ap., b. 12 Aug. 1868, 
at 7 Eaton Sq.; ed. at Winchester, and at Magd. Coll. Oxford, M.A. 1904; 
Fellow of All Souls Coll. 1892; Barrister-at-law 1893; member of the 
London School Board 1900-04; member of L.C.C. 1904-05. Governor 
of Queensland 1905-09; K.C.M.G. 29 June 1906; Governor of New South 
Wales since 1909. He ;;;., 27 July 1894, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Frances 
Charlotte, ist da. of Ivor (Guest), ist Baron Wimborne, by Cornelia 
Henrietta Maria, ist da. of John Winston (Churchill), 7th Duke of 
Marlborough. She was b. 22 Mar. 1869, at 12 Upper Brook Str. 
Having sue. to the peerage after Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the 
scope of this work.] 

CHELSEA 

i.e. "Chelsea, co. Midx." Viscountcy {Cadogan), cr. 1800, with the 
Earldom of Cadogan, which see. 

CHENEY see under CHEYNE and CHEYNEY 
CHEPPING see also CHIPPING 



(») He was one of the numerous peers who have been directors of public companies, 
for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. 



i6o CHERLETON 

CHEPPING WYCOMBE 

i.e. "Wendover of Chepping Wycombe, Bucks," Viscountcy (^Car- 
rington), cr. i6 July 1895, with the Earldom of Carrington, which see. 



CHEPSTOW 

i.e. "Herbert of Rag land, Chepstow and Gower," Barony 
(Somerset); a dignity said to have been cr. by patent 26 Nov. i5o6.(^) 
See "Worcester," Earldom of, cr. 15 14. 



CHERLETON or CH ARLETON (of Powis)^ 

BARONY BY i. John Cherleton, s. and h. of Robert C, of 

WRIT. Cherleton, in Wrockwardine, co. Salop, in right of his 

y wife became possessed of the Lordship of Powis, and 

•^ •^' other large estates in North Wales, and though such right 

was hotly contested by her uncles, the heirs male, it was 
confirmed to him by Royal Charter (13 13-14) 7 Edw. II. From 26 July 
(13 13) 7 Edw. II to 25 July (1353) 27 Edw. Ill, he was sum. to Pari, by 
writs directed Johanni de Cherleton, whereby he is held to have become 
LORD CHERLETON.(') These writs from 25 Aug. (1338) 12 Edw. Ill 
to 30 July (1346) 20 Edw. Ill bore the addition Seniori.i^') Chamberlain 
to Edward II in and before 1314; Constable of Builth Castle, co. Brecon 
13 13/4. In 13 19 he was required to raise 500 soldiers '■'■ de terris suis de 
Powys" and was subsequently engaged in the wars with France. He joined 
in the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, 1321/2, but was pardoned 
II Sep. 1322. Ch. Gov. of Ireland, under the style of Justiciar, 1337-38. 
He m., in 1309, before 26 Aug. (she being aged 19, July 13 10), by the 
gift of Edward II, Hawyse {Gadarn, i.e. the Hardy), sister and h. (1309) 
of Griffin ap Owen, otherwise de la Pole,('') only da. of Owen ap Griffith, 
Prince of Upper Powys, by Joan, da. of Sir Robert Corbet, of Moreton 
Corbet, co. Salop. She was living Aug. 1345, but d. before him, and was 
bur. in the Grey Friars, at Shrewsbury, which she had founded. He d. 
(1353) 27 Edw. Ill, aged 85, and was also bur. there. 

(^) " No enrolment of this patent, nor any Privy Seal nor signed Bill (among the 
Chancery series) has been found bearing on the creation." See Creations, 1483- 
1646, in App., 47th rep. D.K. Pub. Records. 

C") For a brief account of the feudal Barons of Powys, see infra, under "PowYS." 

if) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

If) There is proof in the rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

(*■) So named from his residence at Pole, now Welsh Pool, co. Montgomery. 



CHERLETON i6i 

II. 1353. 2. John (Cherleton), Lord Cherleton, feudal 

Lord of Powis, s. and h. He had livery of his father's 
lands 20 Jan. 1353/4. He was sum. to Pari, from 15 Mar. (1353/4) 
28 Edw. Ill to 20 Nov. (1360) 34 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Johanni de 
Cherleton. In 1359 he was Chamberlain of the Household, and was in the 
wars of Gascony. He m., before 13 Apr. 13 19, Maud, da. of Roger 
(de Mortimer), ist Earl of March, by Joan, da. of Piers de Joinville. 
She was living Aug. 1345. He d. in 1360, before 30 Aug. 

III. 1360. 3. John (Cherleton), Lord Cherleton, feudal 

Lord of Powis, s. and h. He was aged 26 at Easter 
(5 Apr.) 1360. He was sum to Pari, from 14 Aug. (1362) 36 Edw. Ill 
to 4 Oct. (1373) 47 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Johanni de Cherleton de 
Powys.i^) He m. Joan, da. of Ralph (de Stafford), Earl of Stafford, 
by Margaret, da. and h. of Hugh (d'Audley), Earl of Gloucester. He 
d. 13 July 1374. His widow m., as his 2nd wife, before 16 Nov. 1379 
(when they had pardon for marrying without lie), Gilbert Talbot [Lord 
Talbot], who d. 24 Apr. 1387. She d. before 1397. 

IV. 1374. 4- John (Cherleton), Lord Cherleton, feudal 

Lord of Powis, s. and h., b. 25 Apr. 1362. He was sum. 
to Pari, from 9 Aug. (1382) 6 Ric. II to 3 Oct. (1400) 2 Hen. IV,(^) by 
writs directed Johanni de Cherleton, or Charleton de Powys. Justice of 
North Wales, 20 Mar. 1387/8. He m., before Mar. 1392, Alice, da. 
of Richard (FitzAlan), Earl of Arundel, by his ist wife, Elizabeth, da. 
of William (de Bohun), Earl of Northampton. He d. s.p., 19 Oct. 1401, 
at his castle of Pool, aged 39. Will dat. 1395. 

V. 1401 5. Edward (Cherleton), Lord Cherleton, feudal 

to Lord of Powis, br. and h., aged 30 in 1401. He had 

1 42 1, livery of Powis, 26 Nov. 1401. He was sum. to Pari, 

from 2 Dec. (1401) 3 Hen. IV to 26 Feb. (1421) 
8 Hen. V,(^) by writs directed Edwardo de Cherleton, or Charleton 
de Powys. Nom. K.G. circa \^o'].Q') In 1410 he sustained great 
loss by the rebellion of Owen Glendower. In 141 7 having apprehended 
John, Lord 01dcastell,('=) a Lollard, within his territory of Powys, he 
received the thanks of Pari. He m., istly, in June 1399, after 19 June, 
when she had lie. to m. whom she would, Eleanor, widow of Roger 
(de Mortimer), Earl of March, da. of Thomas (de Holand), Earl of 
Kent, by Alice, da. of Richard (FitzAlan), Earl of Arundel. She d. 
in childbed, 23 Oct. 1405. He m., 2ndly, before 1408, Elizabeth, da. of , , 
Sir John Berkeley, of Beverstone, co. Gloucester, by Elizabeth, da. of 

(*) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

('') For a list of Knights of the Garter see vol. ii, Appendix B. 

C^) Better known as Lord Cobham. 

21 



i62 CHERLETON 

Sir John Betteshorne. He d. s.p.m., 14 Mar. i42o/i.(^) His widow, 
by whom he had no issue, m. John (Sutton), Lord Dudley, who d. 30 Sep. 
1487. She d. in 1478, shortly before 8 Dec. On the death of Edward 
Cherleton any Barony which may be supposed to have been created by the 
writ of 13 13, fell into abeyance between his two daughters and coheirs by 
his 1st wife.C') 

CHESHAM 

BARONY. I. Charles Compton Cavendish, 4th and yst. s. of 

J r, r, George Augustus Henry (Cavendish), ist Earl of Bur- 

-* ■ LiNGTON, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Charles (Compton), 

7th Earl of Northampton, was ^.28 Aug. 1793; he 
was of Latimers in Chesham, Bucks; M.P. (Whig) for Aylesbury 1 8 14-1 8 ; 
for Newtown (Isle of Wight) 1821-30; for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) 
1831-32; for East Sussex 1832-41; for Youghal (Ireland) 1841-47; and 
for Bucks, July 1847 to Dec. 1857. Having thus been nearly 40 years in 
the House of Commons, he was on 15 Jan. 1858, cr. BARON CHESHAM 
of Chesham, co. Buckingham. He »z., 1 8 June 1 8 1 4, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Catherine Susan, ist da. of George (Gordon), 9th Marquess of Huntly 
[S.], by Catherine, da. of Sir Charles Cope, Bart. He d. 10 Nov. 1863, in 

(^) See as to this date p. 10 1 in a review (by J. G. Nichols) in the Her. and Gen., 
vol. vi, pp. 97-124, of "The Feudal Barons of Powis," by Morris Charles Jones, 
1868, an exhaustive treatise, printed in vol. i of the Montgomeryshire collections issued 
by the Powys Land Club. J. G. Nichols holds strongly against " the crochets of the 
Peerage lawyers " (who consider the Barony to be that of " Cherleton ") and contends 
for the Barony being that of "Powis." He states (p. 11 1) that Powys became an 
English Barony in 1283, when Owen ap Griffin, (the last) Prince of Powis, sur- 
rendered his Principality and received back his lands in free Barony, and adds that this 
Owen, as well as Griffin (his s. and h.) ought in any future edition of the peerage to 
be given as "English Peers;" that John de Cherleton should be "the third not the 
first Baron;" that Henry Grey should be "the seventh Lord Powis," &€. This, as 
applied to the territorial Lords of Powis, is doubtless correct, but, unless a peerage 
Barony by tenure be admitted (as contended for in the case of "Berkeley"), such 
numbering does not apply to them "as English Peers," i.e. Peers of Parliament; and, 
inasmuch as such Peerage (only) is the scope of this work, the Editor prefers following 
Nicolas and Courthope as to the treatment of this Barony, which, as a Peerage, cannot 
be held to originate earlier than in the writ of 1 313. J. H. Round, however, points 
out that " Griffin filius Wenunwen " ( Owen's father) was summoned to the so-called 
Pari, of Shrewsbury in 1283 (see vol. i, p. xviii), at which Pari, his son Owen is alleged 
to have resigned the Principality of Powis, and to have received it back as a Barony. 

C") These were (i) Joan, aged 21 in 1421, who inherited the Lordship of Powis, 
and who m. Sir John Grey, K.G., cr., in 14 18, Earl of Tankerville, in Normandy, 
whose great-grandson, John Grey, was sum. to Pari. 15 Nov. 1482 by writ directed 
Johanni Grey de Powys. (2) Joyce, aged 18 in 1421, m. Sir John Tiptoft, sum. to 
Pari. 7 Jan. 1426 by writ directed "Johanni Tiptoft. The question whether this Barony 
can be considered as the Barony of Powis, and if so, whether the abeyance has been 
terminated, is discussed in vol. iv. Appendix H. 



CHESHAM 163 

his 71st year, at 19 Grosvenor Sq., Midx. Will pr. 23 Jan. 1864, under 
;{^40,ooo. His widow, who was k 22 Dec. 1792, d. at the Hoo, Welwyn, 
Herts, 14 Dec. 1866, aged nearly 74. Will pr. 1 5 Feb. 1877, under ^^7,000. 

II. 1863. 2. William George (Cavendish), Baron Chesham, 

only s. and h., l>. 29 Oct. 18 15; ed. at Eton; an officer in 
the loth IJght Dragoons 1833-40; M.P. (Liberal) for Peterborough 
1847-52, and for Bucks 1857-63. Pres. of the Royal Agric. Soc. 1876. 
He m., 24 July 1849, at Kensington Church, Henrietta Frances, da. of the 
Rt. Hon. William Saunders Sebright Lascelles (yr. s. of Henry, 2nd Earl 
OF Harewood), by Caroline Georgiana, da. of George (Howard), 6th Earl 
OF Carlisle. He ^. 26 June 1882, at Latimers, aged 66. Will pr. 
15 Dec. 1882, at ;^i05,76i. His widow, who was ^. Feb. 1830, d'. 21 May 
1884, at 17 Grosvenor Str., Midx. Will pr. 17 July 1884, above ;^ 4,000. 

III. 1882. 3. Charles Compton William (Cavendish), Baron 

Chesham, s. and h., l>. 13 Dec. 1850, at Burlington 
House; ed. at Eton; an officer in the Coldstream Guards, 1870, exchanged 
to the loth Hussars 1873; Capt. 1877, exchanged to i6th Lancers 1878; 
retired 1879. Master of the Buckhounds (Liberal Unionist) 1900-01. 
K.C.B. 29 Nov. 1900. Took an active part in the formation of the Imperial 
Yeomanry, and served against the Boers in S. Africa with distinction, at first 
in command of the loth Battalion, and in Mar. 1900 of a Yeomanry 
Brigade, with the temporary rank of Brigadier General in the Army; 
Queen's medal and 2 clasps.^") P.C. 24 July 1901; Lord in Waiting to 
George, Prince of Wales, 1901 till his death. He m., 13 Nov. 1877, at 
Eccleston, co. Chester, Beatrice Constance, 2nd da. of Hugh Lupus 
(Grosvenor), ist Duke of Westminster, by his ist wife, Constance 
Gertrude, da. of George Granville (Sutherland-Leveson-Gower), 2nd 
Duke of Sutherland. He was killed while hunting with the Pytchley 
hounds near Daventry, 9, and was bur. 14 Nov. 1907, at Latimers. Inquest 
at Holdenby House, Northants. Will pr. above ^{^^27,000 gross and 
above ;^9,ooo net. His widow, who was i. 14 Nov. 1858, at Calveley 
Hall, Cheshire, m., 4 Oct. 19 10, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., John Alexander 
Moncreiffe (yst. s. of Sir Thomas M., 7th Bart.), sometime Lieut. 4th 
Batt. Worcestershire Regt. She d. after a few hours' illness, of heart 
failure, at Boughton Park, Northants, 12, and was i?ur. 17 Jan. 1911, at 
Latimers. Will pr. Feb. 1911, at £1^,612 gross, and ;^I3,636 net. 

[John Compton Cavendish, 2nd,('') but only surv. s. and h., i. 
13 June 1894, at 25 Bruton Str.; ed. at Eton. Having sac. to the 
Peerage after Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the scope of this work.] 

(*) For a list of peers and h. ap. of peers who served in this war, see Appendix 
B to this volume. 

{'') His elder br., Charles William Hugh, Lieut. 17th Lancers, b. 13 Sep. 1878, 
at Cliveden, Maidenhead, d. unm., and v.p., being killed in action at Diamond Hill, 
near Pretoria, 11 June 1900. See previous note. 



164 



CHESHAM 



Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,868 acres in Bucks 
(valued at ;/^4,203 a year); 3,787 in co. Huntingdon; 2,365 in co. 
Lancaster; 1,688 in co. Lincoln and 775 in Herts; besides 3 acres in 
Northants and i in Sussex. Total, 11,487 acres valued at ;Ci5,625 a year. 
Principal Residence. — Latimers,(^) in Chesham, Bucks. 

CHESTER (County of) 

Observations. — "The county of Chester is the best known example of 
a Palatine Earldom in England. The Palatine Earldom of Lancaster was 
not cr. till 1351, while the case of Durham is anomalous, though its Palatine 
organization remained complete till transferred to the Crown in 1836. The 
Earldom of Shropshire and the Earldom of Kent (under the Conqueror) 
have been claimed as Palatine Honours, one for Roger de Montgomery, and 
the other for Eudes, Bishop of Bayeux: even Hereford and Northumber- 
land were quasi Palatinates, at that early period, and Cumberland may have 
been a Palatine Honour {temp. Hen. I), when in the hands of Ranulf le 
Meschin. It will be observed that all these counties are border districts 
forming a defence against Wales, Scotland, or France." C") 

According to Betham " In England there were two Counties Palatine, of 
which the Lords were Earls, Chester and Lancaster, and one in Wales, 
Pembroke. — Durham, although made a County afterwards, strictly speaking, 
was not a County Palatine, but a Palatine Honour of which the Bishop was 
[not Comes, the Earl, but only Dominus] the Lord."('^) 

EARLDOM. Gherbod, a Fleming, Avou6 of the Abbey of 

T St. Bertin, received, on the dismemberment of Mercia, 

' ■ early in 1070, a large portion of that district, together 

with the city of Chester, the said portion being formed 
into a County Palatine (under the name of Cheshire) whereby he became 
EARL OF CHESTER. He returned, shortly afterwards, to his native 
country, where he was taken prisoner at the battle of Cassel, 107 1, and 
kept captive for a long period, never coming back to England. 



II. 1071. I. Hugh d'Avranches, j^j/i?^ by his contemporaries 

" Vras," or " le Gros " and, in after ages (from his 
rapacity) "Lupus," was s. and h. of Richard (le Goz), Vicomte 
d'Avranches, fcfc, in Normandy (s. of Thurstan le Goz), by Emma, 
da. of Herluin de Conteville and Herleve (or Harlotte) his wife, who 

(^) Latimers, a hamlet of Chesham, which belonged originally to the family of 
Latimer, and of Nevill, Lords Latimer, and subsequently to that of Greville and 
Sandys, was in possession of the family of Cavendish before 1628, when it was part of 
the dower of Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire. Charles I lodged here, on his way 
from Holdenby House to Hampton Court, in 1647. 

('') ex inform. J. Horace Round. 

(■=) See an article by Sir W. Betham, Ulster, on "Palatine Honours in Ireland." 



CHESTER 165 

(by Robert, Duke of Normandy) was mother of William "the Con- 
queror." He is generally supposed to have fought at the battle of 
Hastings (1066), when, at the utmost, he would have been but 19 years 
old;(^) anyhow, not long afterwards, in 107 1, he received from the King, 
his maternal uncle, the whole of the county palatine of Chester (excepting 
the Episcopal lands) " to hold as freely by the Sword as he [the King] 
himself held the Kingdom of England by the Crown," becoming thereby 
Count Pa/atineC) thereof, as EARL OF CHESTER.('=) He sue. his 
father, who was living as late as 1082, as Vicomte d'Avranches, fffc, in 
Normandy. In the rebellion (1096) against William II, he stood loyally 
by his Sovereign. ('') He m. Ermentrude, da. of Hugues, Count of 
Clermont in Beauvaisis, by Margaret, da. of Hilduin, Count of Rouci 
and MoNTDiDiER. Having founded the Abbeys of St. Sever in Normandy 
and St. W^erburg at Chester (besides largely endowing that of Whitby, 
CO. York), he became a monk 23, and d. 27 July iioi, at St. Werburg's 
afsd. 

III. IIOI 2. Richard, Earl of Chester, also Vicomte 

to d'Avranches, fe'c, in Normandy, only s. and h., aged 

1 120. 7 years at his father's death. He m., in 11 15, Maud, 

da. of Stephen, Count of Blois, by Adelaide, da. of 

William I. He ^. s.p. legit., 25 Nov. 11 20, being drowned, together with 

(*) See The Conqueror and his Companions, by J. R. Planchi, Somerset Herald, 
vol. ii, pp. 16-24. 

(■=) As such he had his hereditary Barons, who (besides one Robert de Rhuddlan, 
General of his forces, who d. 3 July 1088, many years before him) are generally con- 
sidered to have been eight, as under, vix. (i) Eustace of Mold, Baron of Hawarden, 
CO. Flint, Hereditary Steward; (2) William Fitz-Niel, Baron of Halton, Hereditary 
Constable and Marshal, whose descendants took the name of De Lacy and became Earls 
of Lincoln in 1232. (3) William Malbank, Baron of Nantwich, or Wich-Mal- 
bank, whose issue male ended with his grandson. (4) Robert FitxHugh, Baron of 
Malpas, who d. s.p.m., but appears to have been sue. (in Earl Hugh's lifetime) by David 
le Clerk (or Belward), said to have been his son-in-law. (5) Hamond de Massey, Baron 
OF Dunham-Massey, whose representation (through Fitton, Venables and Booth) 
passed to the Greys, Earls of Stamford and Warrington. (6) Richard Vernon, Baron 
OF Shipbrooke. (7) William Venablei, Baron of Kinderton, whose issue male 
continued till 1676. (8) Robert Stockport, Baron of Stockport, whose existence is 
somewhat questionable. After 1265, however, when the Earldom of Chester was, by 
Henry III, annexed to the Crown, the dignity of these Barons became merely 
titular. 

if) Sir George R. Sitwell, Bart., holds the view that Hugh was not a palatine 
Earl, though "as Edwin's heir he was the military leader of the shire and President 
of the Folkmoot." The number of his Barons, given by Dugdale as 6 or 7, and by 
Stubbs as 8, is given by Sir George as I2; one of the forgotten ones being Hugh 
FitzOsbern, the head of whose Barony was Pulford. (See The Barons of Pulford, by 
Sir G. R. Sitwell). 

(^) His career was chiefly notorious for gluttony, prodigality and profligacy. 



i66 CHESTER 

his wife, her cousin William (the only s. and h. ap. of the King), and a 
vast number of the nobihty, by the shipwreck of the "Blanche Nef," off 
Barfleur. 

IV. 1 121. I. Ranulph le Meschin,(*) styled^ also, " de 

Briquessart,"('') Vicomte de Bayeux in Normandy, s. 
and h. of Ranulph, Vicomte de Bayeux, by Margaret, sister of Hugh 
(d'Avranches), Earl of Chester abovenamed, being thus ist cousin and 
h. to the last Earl (whom he sue. as Vicomte d'Avranches, &'c., in 
Normandy), obtained, after the Earl's death in 1120, the grant of the 
county palatine of Chester, becoming thereby EARL OF CHESTER. He 
appears thereupon to have surrendered the Lordship of the great district 
of Cumberland, which he had acquired,('=) shortly before, from 
Henry L In 11 24 he was Commander of the Royal forces in Normandy. 
He m. Lucy,('^) widow of Roger Fitz-Gerold (by whom she was mother 
of William de Roumare, afterwards Earl of Lincoln). He d. about 1129, 
and was bur. at St. Werburg's, Chester. (') The Countess Lucy confirmed, 
as his widow, the grant of the Manor of Spalding to the monks of that 
place. 

V, II 29. 2. Ranulph, styled " de Gernon,"(^) Earl of 

Chester, also Vicomte d'Avranches, tfc, in Normandy, 
s. and h. He was b. before iioo, in the Castle of Gernon in Normandy. 
To the detriment of his elder br. of the half blood, William (de Roumare), 
Earl of Lincoln, he appears to have long held a large portion of the profits 
of the Earldom of Lincoln. He distinguished himself as a soldier both 
on the side of the Empress Maud and of that of King Stephen, with the 
greatest impartiality. He was one of the 5 Earls C") who witnessed the 

(') i.e. "The young," from the Latin "Mischinus;" French "Meschin" (Le 
Jeune). "Apud Francos medije aetatis scriptores sumitur vox ^Machirt' pro adoles- 
cente et juvenculo." Ducange. 

(^) So called from Briquessart in the commune of Livry, where the earthworks 
of his castle are still visible. He is called by Ordericus "Rannulfus Baiocensis," from 
having succeeded his father as Vicomte of the Bessin (of which Bayeux was the capital) 
in Nov. 1120. {ex inform. J. H. Round). 

i^) He is hence sometimes, erroneously, called Earl of Cumberland, or Earl of 
Carlisle. See artte, p. 30, note "a" for some remarks on this subject. 

{^) As to her identity, see note sub Lincoln. V.G. 

(') There is no ground for supposing that he or his son held the Earldom of 
Lincoln. See J. H. Round's " Adeliza the Viscountess," in Genealogist, N.S., vol. viii, 
pp. 148-150. V.G. 

(') She paid 500 marks to King Henry in 1130 for licence to remain unmarried 
for 5 years. V.G. 

(^) As to de Gernon (possibly des Gernon), J. H. Round points out its resemblance 
to als Gernon ("aux Moustaches") the sobriquet of William de Percy. 

C") The four others were, Robert of Gloucester, William de Warenne, Earl of 
Surrey, Robert of Leicester and Roger of Warwick. See J. H. Round's Geoffrey 
de Mandeville, p. 265. V.G. 



CHESTER 167 

Charter to Salisbury granted at the Northampton Council of Henry I, 
8 Sep. 1 131. To Stephen's second "Charter of Liberties" he was, in 
1 136, a witness, and by him he was made Constable of Lincoln. Against 
that King, however, he took part at the battle of Lincoln, 2 Feb. 1141, in 
which Stephen was made prisoner, who retaliated on the Earl 29 Aug. 
1 146, by seizing him at Court, at Northampton. The King granted him 
the Castle and city of Lincoln, probably after the pacification of 1 1 5 1 .(*) He 
/»., about 1 141, Maud, da. of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, by Mabel, da. 
and h. of Robert Fitz-Hamond, lord of Tewkesbury. Having again taken 
part with King Stephen, and being consequently distrusted by both sides, he 
d. 16 Dec. 1 153,('') being supposed to have been poisoned by his wife and 
"William Peverell, of Nottingham. He was bur. at St. Werburg's, Chester. 
His widow, who in 1 172 founded Repton Priory, co. Derby, ^. 29 July 1 189. 

VL 1 1 53. 3. Hugh, styled " of Kevelioc," Earl of Chester, 

also VicoMTE d'Avranches, fffc, in Normandy, s. and h. 
He was b. in ii47,('') ^^ Kevelioc, co. Merioneth. He joined in the 
rebellion against King Henry II, set on foot by Henry, the son of that King, 
and was taken prisoner at Alnwick, 13 July 1 174. He was deprived of his 
Earldom, and was again in rebellion both in England and Normandy, but, 
in Jan. 1 177, was restored. He m., in 1 169,('') Bertrade, then aged 14 (the 
King giving her away in marriage "because she was his own cousin "),('') 
da. of Simon Count d'Evreux, by his ist wife, Maud.('=) He d. at Leeke, 
CO. Stafford, 1 1 8 1, aged about 34.('') His widow d. 1 22-],{^) aged about 7 1 .(') 

VII. 1 181 4. Ranulph,(') styled "de Blundeville,"(^) Earl 

to OF Chester, also Vicomte d'Avranches, &'c., in Nor- 

1232, mandy, only s. and h. He was b. at Oswestry {Album 

MonaUerium or Blonde Ville) in Powys, about 1172. On 

(^) See J. H. Round's " King Stephen and the Earl of Chester " in Eng, Hist. 
Review^ vol. x, p. 87. V.G. 

('') See '■'■ Annales Cestriemes" edit. 1887, by R. C. Christie, who remarks (in 
the "Introduction") on the light which the dates of the birth and marriage of Earl 
Hugh (1147 and 1169) throw "on that bitterly debated point, the question of the 
legitimacy of his da. Amicia, wife of Ralph Mainwaring." 

(■=) She, who was aged 29 (at least) in 1 185-86, was not a child by the 2nd wife, 
Amice (sister of Robert, Earl of Leicester), whose marriage (probably about 1 1 66-69) 
could not have been as early as 1 1 56. Bertrade's cousinship to Henry II was owing 
to her grandfather's sister, Bertrade de Montfort, wife of Fulk IV, Count of Anjou 
[1060- 1 109], being great-grandmother to that King. ("Earls of Leicester," by 
G. W. Watson, The Genealogist, N.S., vol. x). V.G. 

{^) The Pipe Roll implies that he died about Midsummer, {ex inform. J. H. Round). 
V.G. 

(•) She was aged 29 (1186) 32 Hen. II. See "Rot. de dominabus ^c," p. 8. 

(') Of this Earl an exhaustive account is given by J. H, Round in Diet. Nat. 
Biog., under the heading of "Blundevill." 

(») So called from his birthplace. 



i68 CHESTER 

I Jan. 1 1 87/8 he was knighted at Caen by the King. From 11 89 till his 
divorce from her in 1199 he, in right of his wife Constance, widow of 
Geoffrey, Earl of Richmond, styled himself EARL OF RICHMOND and 
also Duke of Brittany. In 11 94 he was Commander of the Forces for 
Richard I, at whose second Coronation, 17 Apr. 1194, he bore the 
"Curtana," one of the three swords of State. From 1209 to 1214 he 
engaged in warfare with the Welsh. He was faithful to King John against 
the rebellious Barons, being one of the few witnesses, ex parte Regis, to the 
Charter of 15 June 12 15, in which year he was Gov. of Newcastle-under- 
Lyme; Gov. of the Peak Castle and Forest, and Custos of the fief of the 
great Earldom of Leicester; Sheriff of the counties of Lancaster, Stafford 
and Salop; Steward of the Honour of Lancaster, i^c. He was one of the 
executors of King John, who d. 19 Oct. 1216; and one of the most zealous 
supporters of the young King, Henry III, when, being in Apr. 12 17, Joint 
Commander of the Royal army, he contributed mainly to the defeat of the 
rebels under the Count of Perche. On 23 May 121 7 he was cr. EARL 
OF LINCOLN, an Earldom to which probably he considered he had some 
claim. Having taken the cross as early as 4 Mar. 12 15, he left for the 
Holy Land, May 12 18, and distinguished himself at the siege of Damietta, 
returning in Aug. 1220, when he began the building of Beeston Castle, co. 
Chester, Chartley Castle and the Abbey of Dieulacres,(^) both co. Stafford. 
His rival, Hubert de Burgh, being then Regent of England, the Earl appears 
to have taken the part of the disaffected, and was required to surrender his 
Castles, i^c, which after some resistance, he did in 1223. In Apr. 1229 
he opposed in Pari, the grant of a tenth to the Pope, and absolutely for- 
bade its collection in his own domain. From Oct. 1230 to July 123 1 he 
was Chief Commander of the Royal troops in Brittany, frfc, and in June 
1 23 1 was a Joint Commissioner to treat with France. He resigned the 
Earldom of Lincoln, between Apr. 1 23 1 and his death, to his sister Hawise, 
4 to whose son-in-law (John de Lacy) it was, 22 Nov. 1232, confirmed. He 
m., istly, 3 Feb. 1 187/8, Constance, widow of the King's nephew, Geoffrey, 
Earl of Richmond, da. and h. of Conan, Earl of Richmond and 
Duke of Brittany, by Margaret of Scotland, da. of Henry, s. of 
David I. From her he was divorced in Ii99.('') He m., 2ndly, before 
7 Oct. 1200, Clemence, widow of Alan de Dinan, da. of William de 
FouGERES,(') by Agatha, sister of Richard, and da. of William du Hommet, 
Constables of Normandy. He d. s.p., at Wallingford, 28 Oct., and was bur. 
3 Nov. 1232, with great pomp, at St. Werburg's, Chester, his heart being 
interred at Dieulacres Abbey.('*) His great estates passed to his four sisters 

(") "Z)/Vk Faccroise" is said to have been the exclamation of his wife Clemence 
when he narrated his dream enjoining him to found an Abbey near Leek. 

('') She m., 3rdly, Guy de Thouars, 2nd s. of Guillaume, Vicomte de Thouars, 
and d. Aug. or Sep. 1201, leaving issue by him, who d. 12 13. 

(<=) See an account of this family in Journal of Brit. Arch. Association, vol. vii. 

('') As to the reference to him in Piers Plowman, see J. H. Round's Peerage and 
Pedigree, vol. ii, pp. 301, 302. V.G. 



CHESTER i6g 

and coheirs or their descendants,('') while the Earldom lapsed to the Crown. 
His widow, who had dower in 1233, survived him 20 years, and d. 1252. 



VIll. 1232 John (le Scot), Earl of Huntingdon and Cam- 

to BRIDGE (nephew of William the Lion, King of Scotland), 

1237. being 3rd and yst., but only surv. s. and h. of David, 
Earl of Huntingdon, i^c, by Maud, ist sister and 
coh. of Ranulph (de Blundeville), Earl of Chester abovenamed, was b. 
about 1207; sue. his father as Earl of Huntingdon, i^c., 12 June 12 19, 
having livery of his lands 25 Apr. 1227; was knighted by Alexander III 
30 May 1227; and, after the death of the Earl of Chester, his uncle, 
though apparently in the lifetime of his mother (who d. Epiphany 1233), 
having inherited the whole County Palatine of Chester, was cr. at North- 
ampton, 21 Nov. 1232, EARL OF CHESTER. At the Coronation of 
Queen Eleanor, 20 Jan. 1235/6, he bore the " Curtana," one of the three 
swords of State, as Earl of Chester, and claimed to bear the second sword 
as Earl of Huntingdon.('') He took the Cross about 8 June 1236. He 
«?., 1222, Helen, da. of Llewellyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North 
Wales, and by her is suspected to have been poisoned. He d. s.p., at 
Darnal, very shortly before 6 June('') 1237, and was bur. at St. Werburg's, 
Chester, leaving the two daughters of his eldest sister and his three surv. 
sisters ('') as his coheirs,(^) but in 1246 (3 1 Hen. Ill) the Earldom of Chester 

(^) These were (i) Maud, Countess of Huntingdon, b. 1171, d. Epiphany 1233 
(a few months after her br. the Earl), leaving a s. and h. John (le Scot), Earl of 
Huntingdon, who in Nov. 1232 was cr. Earl of Chester. (2) Hugh (d'Aubigny), 
Earl of Sussex, surv. s. and h. of Mabel (wife of William, Earl of Sussex), the 2nd of 
the four sisters. This Hugh sue. to Coventry (as his chief seat), to Leeds, co. York, 
l^c. He d. s.p. 1 May 1243, leaving his four sisters his coheirs. (3) Alice, wife of 
William (de Ferrers), Earl of Derby, who had the manor of Chartley, co. Stafford, all 
the lands between the rivers Ribble and Mersey, is'c. (4) Hawise, sua jure. Countess 
of Lincoln, who in 1221 had m. Robert de Quincy, by whom she had Margaret, 
her da. and h., wife of John de Lacy, cr. Earl of Lincoln 1232. Hawise inherited 
the Castle and Manor of Bolingbroke and other large estates in co. Lincoln. 

(b) See J. H. Round's The Kings Serjeants, pp. 339-342. V.G. 

(*=) The King has heard for certain that John, Earl of Chester and Huntingdon 
is dead. {Patent Roll, 6 June 1237). ^-G. 

i^) These were Christian (ist wife of William (de Forz), titular Count of 
Aumale), and Devorgild (wife of John de Balliol, and mother of John de Balliol, King 
of Scotland, 1292-96), who were respectively ist and 2nd daughters and coheirs of 
Alan, Lord of Galloway, by his 2nd wife, the Earl's eldest sister Margaret; and his 
three surviving sisters, viz. (i) Isabel (living 1242), m. Robert de Bruce, whose great- 
grandson, Robert de Bruce, was King of Scotland, 1306; (2) Maud, d. unm. (3) Ada 
(living 2 Nov. 1 241), m., before 7 June 1237, Henry de Hastings, being ancestress of the 
Lords Hastings. 

(') On his death, William (de Forz), titular Count of Aumale, husband of the 
senior coh., claimed, in right of his wife, the entire county of Chester, and to be 

22 



lyo CHESTER 

was annexed to the Crown " lest so fair {^prieclard) a dominion should be 
divided {inter colos faminarum) among women." Writ for Inq. p. m. dat. 
25 May 1242. (*) His widow w., before 5 Dec. 1237, Robert de Quincy 
(yst. s. of Saher, Earl of Winchester), who d. s.p.m., Aug. 1257. She 
d. 1253, before 24 Oct. Her Inq. p. m. 10 Nov. 1253. 



IX. 1254 Edward, stykd " Longshanks,"('') s. and h. ap. ot 

to Henry III, by Eleanor, da. and coh. of Raymond (Beren- 

1264 ger). Count of Provence, was b. at Westminster, 
and 17 June 1239, and was l>ap. 4 days later by Eudes, the 

1265 Pope's legate. (") On 14 Feb. 1253/4 he was cr. EARL 
to OF CHESTER, and " received seisin of the Earldom 

1272. of Chester by [the hands of] the Lord Bartholomew de 

Peche"('^) on 26 Mar. 1254. When, however, he and 
the King, his father, were taken prisoners at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 
1264, by the rebellious Barons under Simon (de Montfort), Earl of 
Leicester, the King " had no other means to make his peace, but by delivering 
the said Earldom of Chester into Earl Simon's hands, by letters patent, dat. 
24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. Ill, at Woodstock," but, some 8 months after- 
wards, on the death, 4 Aug. 1265, and attainder of the said Earl Simon, 
" came the Earldom of Chester back again to young Edward." He took the 
Cross, 24 June 1268, becoming a Crusader May 1271. He m. (while Earl 
of Chester), at Burgos, in Spain, 1254, Eleanor, da. of Fernando III, King 
OF Castile, by his 2nd wife, Jeanne, da. and h. of Simon, Count of 
Ponthieu. She, who was his ist wife, was living when her husband, on 
20 Nov. 1272, succeeded to the throne as Edward I (j)ost conquestum), when 
all his honours merged in the Crown. 



X. 1264 Simon (de Montfort), Earl of Leicester, having 

to taken Edward, Earl of Chester (and the King, his father) 

1265. prisoner, as above stated, extorted, under colour of 

an exchange for the Earldom of Leicester, a grant of 

the Earldom of Chester^ and obtained two patents from the King, 24 Dec. 

1264 and 20 Mar. 1265, in confirmation thereof, becoming thereby 

Earl thereof, but the verdict went against him, though his coheirs admitted his right 
to be earl, while claiming equal rights with him in the lands. (See J. H. Round's 
Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, pp. 128-132). V.G. 

(*) This is one of the earliest inquisitions in existence. V.G. 

C") "From the tallness of his stature." [Sandford, p. 127). As to his supposed 
name of Plantagenet, see vol. i, p. 183, note "c." 

i^) The name Edward was " given him in memory of the glorious King and 
Confessor St. Edward, whose corps lieth magnificently deposited in the Abbey of 
St. Peter, in the city of Westminster [the birth place of this Prince], whom King 
Henry III ever honoured as his titular Saint." {Sandford, p. 127). 

{^) See Annales Cestriemes, as referred to, ante, p. 167, note " b." 



CHESTER 171 

EARL OF CHESTER, and receiving, 4 Jan. 1264/5 (by proxy of his 
first son, Henry), the homage of the Nobles and Freeholders thereof. 
He was slain at the battle of Evesham, 4 Aug. 1265, his honours being 
forfeited, and the Earldom of Chester reverting to its former owner, as above- 
mentioned. See fuller particulars under "Leicester," Earldom of, 
1230-65. 

XL 1284. AlphonsOjC) 1st surv. s. and h. ap. of Edward I, by 

his ist wife, Eleanor, da. of Fernando III, King of 
Castile, b. at Bordeaux, 24 Nov. 1273, is said to have been designated 
EARL OF CHESTER, in 1284. He d. an infant, 19 Aug. 1284, and 
was bur. in Westm. Abbey, aged 10, when his Peerage dignity, if any, 
became extinct. 

XIL 1301 Edward,(^) styled ^^oy Carnarvon," ist surv. s. and 

to h. ap. of Edward I, by his ist wife, Eleanor, above- 

1307. named, b. 25 Apr. 1284, at Carnarvon, had a grant of the 

Principality of Wales and County of Chester by charter, 

7 Feb. 1301, and is styled^Q') in a charter of 10 May following. Prince of 

Wales C) and EARL OF CHESTER, by which titles he was sum. to 

Pari, from 2 June 1302 to 3 Nov. 1306. He was also Count of 

Ponthieu and Montreuil, and in May 1306 was cr. Duke of Aquitaine 

in France. On 8 July 1307 he ascended the throne as Edward II {post 

conquesMnt), when all his honours merged in the Crown. 



I3I2.? 


to 


1327. 



XIII. 1312.'' EdwarDjC) styled "of Windsor," ist s. and h. ap. of 

Edward II, by Isabel, da. of Philippe IV, King of France, 
b. 13 Nov. 13 12, at Windsor Castle, is stated to have 
been cr. EARL OF CHESTER, 24 Nov. I3i2,('») and 

(*) As to his supposed name of " Plantagenet," see vol. i, p. 183, note "c." 

C") " We have no account of any ceremony attendant upon the creation of 
Edward of Carnarvon to be Prince of Wales, and Earl of Chester, but it is probable 
that the grant of the Principality was immediately preceded by investiture with 
circlet, ring, and rod for the Principality of Wales, and by the girding on of the 
sword for the Earldom of Chester, as we find to have been done in the case of 
the Black Prince; this would agree with the statement made by Matthew of Paris, 
that in or about the year 1300-1 the King gave to his son Edward the Principality of 
Wales, and also bestowed upon him the Earldom of Chester." (See Courthope, sub 
" Wales," p. 8). 

if) The Principality of Wales was, by a statute, passed at Rhuddlan, in 1284 
(12 Edw. I), united to England, the Earldorn of Chester remaining entirely distinct 
therefrom. In 1398 (21 Ric. II) that Earldom was (as hereafter mentioned) erected 
into a Principality, and, though this last named act was revoked by Henry IV, the said 
Earldom of Chester has ever since been granted in conjunction with the Principality 
of Wales. 

if) " No record of such creation appears either upon the Patent or Charter Rolls 
of that year; the King, his father, however, by two several charters of that date, gave 
to him, by the description of 'our son Edward' {only), the counties of Chester etc. . . 



I 



72 CHESTER 



was, certainly, sum. to Pari, by such title, 5 Aug. 1320. On 2 Sep. 1325, 
he was cr. Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil, and eight days afterwards, 
Duke of Aquitaine, in France. Q He also received the Lordship of the 
Isle of Wight.C') On 25 Jan. 1326/7 he was proclaimed King as 
Edward III {post conquestum), when all his honours merged in the Crown. (■=) 



XIV. 1333 Edward,('^) styled "of Woodstock," and popularly 

to known, though not apparently till the i6th century, as 

1376. The Black Prince, ist s. and h. ap. of Edward III, b. 
15 June 1330, at Woodstock, was by charter 18 May 
1333, cr. EARL OF CHESTER, being invested with the county of 
Chester and the Castles of Chester, Rhuddlan and Flint "habend. et tenend. 
eidem filio nro. et heredibus suis Regibus Anglie." On 2 Dec. 1333 he 
had a grant of Carisbrooke Castle and other manors in the Isle of Wight. 
On 17 Mar. 1337 he was cr., also with a spec, rem., DUKE OF CORN- 
WALL ;(*=) on 12 May 1343, Prince of Wales, and on 19 July 1362, 
Prince of Aquitaine. He d. v.p., 8 June 1376, when (his s. and h. not 
being s. and h. of the King of England) the Earldom of Chester (as also 
his other peerage dignities) lapsed to the Crown. See fuller particulars 
under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, cr. 1337. 



His creation, by the girding on of the sword, probably preceded very shortly the grant 
of these counties, but no mention of it is made." [Courthope, sub " Chester "). He 
is thrice called Earl of Chester in the Feudal Aids for 13 16. 

(^) " ' Habend. et tenend. sibi et heredibus suis masculis Regibus Anglie seu 
Regni Anglic heredibus.' The first enrolments of these dignities appear to have 
been cancelled, the word 'masculis' being omitted, but the subsequent enrolments are 
of the same date." {Courthope, sub "Chester"). 

C") See vol. vii, Appendix B. 

("=) " It is worthy of observation that Edward III never bore the title of Prince 
of Wales; the earliest writ of Summons to Parliament in which his name occurs is 
that of 5 Aug. 1320, then being about eight years of age, wherein he is styled 
'Edwardo Comiti Cestrensi filio nostro charissimo,' and by the same designation he 
vi^as sum. in the 15th, 1 6th, 17th, and i8th of Edw. II. Some writers of authority 
assert that he was cr. Prince of Wales and Duke of Acquitaine in a Pari, held at 
York, 15 Edw. II, but not only is no notice of such an occurrence to be found in the 
Rolls of Parliament, but the assertion is shown to be entirely without foundation, he 
having been, by the description of Edward, Earl of Chester, cr. Earl of Ponthieu and 
Monstroile 2 Sep. and Duke of Acquitaine lO Sep. 1325. [In the case of] his father 
[on the other hand, he] in consequence of his creation to that Principality, was regularly 
sum. as 'Edwardo, Principi Walliae y Comiti Cestriae, filio suo charissimo,' from 
2 June 1302 (when he became eighteen years of age), until [1307, when, as 
Edward II] he ascended the throne." {Nicolas, sub "Wales," p. 5). 

("*) See note "a" on previous page. 

{") This is the first instance of the creation of a Dukedom in England. See 
fuller particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, cr. 1337. 



CHESTER 173 

XV. 1376 RiCHARD,(^) Styled " ov Bordeaux," 2nd but ist surv. 

to s. and h. of Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Corn- 

1377. WALL and Earl of Chester abovenamed, by Joan, suo 

jure Countess of Kent, was b. 6 Jan. 1367, at Bordeaux 
in Aquitaine, but did not (owing to the spec, clauses creating those digni- 
ties) C") inherit any of his father's said honours. Being grandson of the 
reigning King (Edward III) and h. ap. to the Crown, he was, by charter, 
dat. at Havering, 20 Nov. 1376, cr. Prince of Wales, DUKE OF 
CORNWALL, and EARL OF CHESTER. On 22 June 1377, he 
ascended the throne as Richard II, when all his honours merged m the Crown. 



["By an Act 21 Ric. II, cap. 9 [1398], the Earldom ot Chester was 
erected into a Principality,('') and it was ordained 'que nulle done ne 
grante en ascun temps advenir ne serra faite del dite Principaltee ne de les 
Chastelx sireries et villes susdites a nulloy fors soulement aleisne fitz du 
Roy qui serra Prince illoeques sy plerra au Roy affaire,' and although 
this Act was ' wholly reversed, revoked, voided, undone, repealed, and 
annulled for ever' by Act, i Hen. IV, cap. 3, the Earldom of Chester has ever 
since been granted in conjunction with the Principality of Wales." See 
Courthope, sub " Chester."] 



XVI. 1399 Henry,(^) styled "of Monmouth," s. and h. ap. of 

to Henry IV, by his ist wife, Mary, da. and coh. of Hum- 

1413. phrey (de Bohun), Earl of Hereford, was b. 9 Aug. 

1387, at Monmouth, and was, on 15 Oct. 1399, cr. in 

Pari. Prince of Wales, DUKE OF CORNWALL f-^) and EARL OF 

CHESTER, being, by charter of the same date, invested with the said 

Principality and Dukedom, together with the Counties of Chester and 

Flint, " sibi et heredibus suis Regibus Anglie." On 10 Nov. 1399 he 

was declared DUKE OF LANCASTER in Pari., as also DUKE OF 

AQUITAINE in France, and it was directed that he should bear the titles 

of " Prince of Wales, Duke of Aquitaine, of Lancaster and of Cornwall, 

(*) See ante^ page 1 71, note "a." 

('') In the case of the Earldom of Chester the remainder of the dignity was granted 
in 1333 to the heirs of Prince Edward, they being Kings of England, while in that 
of the Dukedom of Cornwall it was to the eldest son of the said Prince and of his 
heirs, they {j.e. the said Prince Edward, or his heirs) being " Kings of England." Richard 
of Bordeaux, in 1376, was neither himself King (when he would have inherited the 
Earldom of Chester)nor the son of a King (when he would have inherited the Dukedom 
of Cornwall) so that a new creation of both was necessary. 

(') " At which time the King cr. his beloved servant, William Bruges, his 
Herald at Armes and styled him Chester by his letters patents under the seal of the 
said Principality." (Milks' Catalogue of Honour). See also vol. ii, Appendix E. 

(<*) See note under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1399, as to the reason, in this 
case, for a new creation of that Dukedom. 



174 CHESTER 

and Earl of Chester." On 21 Mar. 1412/3 he ascended the throne as 
Henry V, when all his honours merged in the Crown. 

XVII. 1454 Edward, Duke of Cornwall, only s. and h. ap. of 

to Henry VI, Q b. at Westminster, 13 Oct. 1453, was, 

1 47 1. by charter, dat. at Westm. 15 Mar. 1454, and con- 
firmed the same day in Pari., cr. Prince of Wales and 
EARL OF CHESTER, " sibi et heredibus suis Regibus Anglie." He 
d. s.p., 4 May 147 1, when his Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. See 
fuller particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1453. 



Richard (Plantagenet), Duke of York (whose son, in Mar. 
1 460/ 1, ascended the throne as Edward IV), having obtained possession 
of the person of King Henry VI, was, on 25 Oct. 1460, declared by 
consent of Pari., heir apparent to the Crown, and, on 8 Nov. fol- 
lowing, Protector of the Realm, and was granted in Dec. of that year, 
for the King's life,('') the Principality of Wales, the Counties of Chester 
and Flint, and the Duchy of Cornwall. It has been supposed that 
he thus became Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl of 
Chester, but there was no creation of such titles, the lands being 
granted to him as an appanage, worth 10,000 marks />.«., to support his 
position as heir to the Crown. He d. 30 Dec. 1460. For fuller 
particulars see "York," Dukedom of, cr. 1385, under the 3rd Duke. 



XVIII. 1 47 1 Edward (Plantagenet), Duke of Cornwall,(') s. 

to and h. ap. of Edward IV, b. 2 Nov. 1470, was, by 

1483. charter, 25 June 147 1, cr. Prince of Wales and EARL 

OF CHESTER, being invested, by charter 17 July 

following, with the Principality of Wales and the Counties of Chester and 

Flint, at which latter date he was also cr. DUKE OF CORNWALL in 

Pari. On 9 Apr. 1483 he ascended the throne as Edward V {post conquestum), 

when all his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller particulars under 

"Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1470 and 1471. 



XIX. 1483 Edward (Plantagenet), Duke of Cornwall and 

to Earl of Salisbury, s. and h. ap. of King Richard III, 

1484. was b. 1473, and was cr. by charter 24 Aug., and inv. 

8 Sep. 1483 (under the name of " Edward, eldest son of 

(") Henry VI, who ascended the throne when but 9 months old, was never cr. 
Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. 

(•") Not for his own life, as stated by Courthope, and by Ramsay in his Lancaster 
and York, but "ad terminum vite ipsius regis." {Rot. Pari., vol. v, pp. 380-1). V.G. 

("=) He was, apparently, such at his birth, both under the original creation of 
that Dukedom in 1337 and also by act 9 Henry V. See some explanation as to his 
subsequent creation by that title, under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1470. 



CHESTER 175 

the King ") as Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER, with rem. to 
his heirs, Kings of England. He d. unm., and v.p.^ 9 Apr. 1484, when his 
Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. See fuller particulars under 
"Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1483. 



XX. 1489 Arthur (Tudor), Duke of Cornwall, s. and h. ap. of 

to Henry VII, was b. 20 Sep. i486, and was, by charter 

1502. 29 Nov. 1489 (delivered into Chancery i Dec. following), 

under the name of " Arthur, eldest son of the King," cr. 

Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER,(^) "sibi et heredibus suis 

Regibus Anglie," and was invested with the Principality of Wales and 

the counties of Chester and Flint by signed Bill 27 Feb. following. He 

d. s.p. and v.p., 2 Apr. 1 502, when his Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. 

See fuller particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, i486. 



XXL 1504 Henry (Tudor), Duke of Cornwall and Duke of 

to York, 2nd but only surv. s. and h. ap. of King 

1509. Henry VII, was b. 2% June 1491, and was on 18 Feb. 

I S'^ZIAi under the name of " Henry, only son and heir of 

the King," cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER, with rem. to 

his heirs, Kings of England. C') On 22 Apr. 1509 he ascended the throne 

as Henry VIII, when all his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller 

particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1502. 



Edward (Tudor), Duke of Cornwall, s. and h. ap. of Henry VIII, 
was about to be cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER (^) at 
the time of his father's death, at which date, 28 Jan. 1546/7, he, at the 
age of 10 years, ascended the throne as Edward VI, when all his honours 
merged in the Crown. See fuller particulars under " Cornwall," Duke- 
dom of, 1537. 



(*) "The signet bill, of 27 Feb. following, for his investiture with the Castles, 
Manors, ^c, recites his creation to have taken place 29 Nov. preceding with consent 
and advice of the Peers of Pari." {Courthope, sub "Wales," p. 10, note "j"). 

C") A reference to this creation on Pari. Roll [No. 130] 19 Hen. VII, No. 10, 
states that the ceremony was to take place on 23 Feb. 1 503/4. See Creations, 1483- 
1646, in App., 47th Rep. D.K. Pub. Records. 

("=) Not one of the three sons of Henry VIII was cr. Prince of Wales and Earl 
of Chester. A note to Blackstonis Commentaries (vol. i, p. 224, edit. 1844) states 
that "Mary and Elizabeth were created Princesses of Wales, by their father, 
Henry VIII, each being at the time (the latter after the illegitimation of Mary) heiress 
presumptive to the Crown." There appears to be no foundation for this statement. 



176 



CHESTER 



XXII. 1610 Henry Frederick. (Stuart), "Duke OF Cornwall and 
to [also] Duke of Rothesay in Scotland, eldest son of the 
16 12. King," i.e. of James I, was l>. 19 Feb. 1593/4, and 
was, on 4 June 16 10, cr. in Pari. Prince of Wales and 
EARL OF CHESTER, which dignities by patent of even date were con- 
firmed " sibi et heredibus suis Regibus Angliae." He d. unm. and v.p., 
6 Nov. 1 6 12, when his Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. See fuller 
particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1603. 



XXIII. 1616 Charles (Stuart), "Prince of Great Britain \sic\^ 

to Duke of Cornwall and York and [also] Duke of 

1625. Albany in Scotland, son of the King." i.e. 3rd but ist 

surv. s. and h. ap. of James I, was b. 19 Nov. 1600, and 

was, on 4 Nov. 1 6 1 6, cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER, with 

rem. to his heirs. Kings of England. On 27 Mar. 1625 he ascended the 

throne as Charles I, when all his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller 

particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1612. 



XXIV. 1641? Charles (Stuart), Duke of Cornwall, also Duke OF 

to Rothesay, fe'c. [S.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. ap. of 

1649. Charles I, was h. 29 May 1630, and was declared,(^) 

but never formally cr.. Prince of Wales and EARL OF 

CHESTER. Probably before Nov. 1641, but certainly before 4 Apr. 

1 646, he was acknowledged as Prince of PFales, and (by consequence i") Earl 

of Chester. By his father's judicial murder he became King of England and 

Scotland, dejure, 30 Jan. 1648/9, and de facto, 29 May 1660, as Charles II, 

when all his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller particulars under 

"Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1630. 



(^) " Sandford says that he was declared Prince of Wales about the period of his 
installation into the order of the Garter, which was in 1638; upon his Garter plate, 
which is decorated with the Prince of TVales's feathers, he is styled 'Prince of Great 
Britain and Duke of Cornwall and Rothsay ' only. In numerous warrants, providing 
for the expenses of his household, between 1634 and 1644, he is styled 'Prince 
Charles' only; and one of them, in Nov. 1 641, is addressed to the Receiver of the 
King's Revenue as Prince of Wales. In the Prince's subsequent communications with 
the Pari., in 1645-6, he is styled Prince of Wales. In a frontispiece annexed to a 
collection of ordinances and declarations in Pari., published in 1646 by order of Pari., 
he is represented as sitting in Pari., on the right of the King his Father." (Court- 
hope, p. 12, note "p"). 



CHESTER 



177 



James Francis Edward (Stuart), Duke of Cornwall, also Duke of 
Rothesay, &€. [S.], 6th but ist surv. s. and h. ap. of James II, was I?. 
10 June 1688, and was, in the Gazette of 4 July, and again at his bap- 
tism, 15 Oct. 1688, j/)7c<3'Prince of Wales, and (by consequence?) EARL 
OF CHESTER. On 1 1 Dec. following his father was declared to have 
'■'■abdicated'" the throne, and in Mar. 1702 the infant Prince himself was 
attainted^ whereby all his honours h&czmc forfeited. See fuller particulars 
under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1688. 



XXV. 1 7 14 H.R.H. George Augustus, Prince of Great Britain, 

to Electoral Prince of Brunswick and LQneburg,(^) Duke of 

1727. Cornwall, Duke of Cambridge, i^c, also Duke of 

Rothesay, ^fc. [S.], s. and h. ap. of George I, was b. 

30 Oct. 1683, and was, on 27 Sep. 17 14 (about 2 months after his father's 

accession to the Crown) cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER,('') 

with rem. to his heirs. Kings of Great Britain. On 11 June 1727 he 

ascended the throne as George II, when all his honours merged in the Crown. 

See fuller particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1714. 



(*) The style of Ernst August (father of George I), after 19 Dec. 1692, was 
" Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg, Elector and Arch Standard-Bearer of the Holy 
Roman Empire." Titles such as "Elector of Hanover," or "Elector of Brunswick 
and Luneburg," are merely popular designations following the usual custom. Thus, 
among the other Electors of the Empire, the Duke of Saxony was known as Elector 
of Saxony: the Margrave of Brandenburg, as Elector of Brandenburg: so with the other 
lay electors. " Electoral Prince of Brunswick and Luneburg," or " Electoral Prince 
of Hanover," is therefore merely the short for " that Duke of Brunswick and Lune- 
burg who is s. and h. ap. of the Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg (now reigning at 
Hanover), an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire." It may be added that, in like 
manner, such designations as Duke of Brunswick-Celle, of Brunswick-Wolfenbiittel, 
iffc, or, still more curtly, Duke of Celle, of WolfenbOttel, is'c, were only used to 
distinguish the various members of a family, each of which was, in formal style, " Duke 
(or Duchess) of Brunswick and LUneburg." So again, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, of 
Saxe-Saalfeld, of Saxe-Coburg-and-Gotha, were only designations distinguishing the 
various members of a family, each of which was, in formal style, " Duke (or Duchess) 
of Saxony, Juliers, Cleve, and Berg." In the latter case, the English custom of 
translating Sachsen into English when it occurs by itself, and into French when in a 
compound word, is curious, {ex inform. G. W. Watson). 

C") "The letters patent of creation declare him to be likewise invested with the 
said Principality and Counties, and to be confirmed in the same by these ensigns of 
honour — the girding on of the Sword, the delivery of the Cap, and placing it on his 
head, with a Ring on his finger and gold Staff"\n his hand, according to custom." 
{Courthope, p. 12, note "s"). 

23 



178 



CHESTER 



XXVI. 1729 H.R.H. Frederick. Lewis, Prince of Great Britain, 

to Electoral Prince of Brunswick and LUneburg, Duke of 
1 75 1. Cornwall, Duke of Edenburgh, iifc., also Duke of 
Rothesay, &c. [S.], s. and h. ap. of King George II, was 
b. 20 Jan. 1707, and was, on 8 Jan. 1728/9 (above a year and a half after 
his father's accession to the Crown), cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF 
CHESTER with rem. to his heirs. Kings of Great Britain. He d. v.p., 
20 Mar. 1 750/1, when the last named dignities (together with the Duke- 
doms of Cornwall and of Rothesay, i^c.) lapsed to the Crown, the Duke- 
dom of Edenburgh, i^c, descending to his s. and h. as below mentioned. 
See fuller particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1727. 

XXVII. 1 75 1 H.R.H. George William Frederick, Prince of 

to Great Britain, Electoral Prince of Brunswick and Lilne- 

1760. burg, s. and h. of Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, 
^c, abovenamed, by Augusta, yst. da. of Frederick II, 
Duke of Saxe Gotha, was b. 24 May 1738, at Norfolk House, St. James's 
Sq., and bap. the same day. Nom. K.G. 22, inv. 23 June 1 749, and inst. (by 
proxy) 12 July 1750. On 20 Mar. 1 750/1 he sue. his father as Duke of 
Edenburgh, Marquess of Ely, Viscount Launceston and Baron 
Snawdon, and the next month, 20 Apr. 1751, was cr. Prince of Wales 
and EARL OF CHESTER with rem. to his heirs, Kings of Great 
Britain. (^) By the death of his grandfather, George II, he, on 25 Oct. 1760, 
ascended the throne as George III, when all his honours merged m the Crown. 

XXVIII. 1762 H.R.H. George Augustus Frederick, Prince of 

to Great Britain, Electoral Prince of Brunswick and Lt)NE- 
1820. BURG, Duke of Cornwall, also Duke of Rothesay, &c. 
[S.], s. and h. ap. of George III, was 1^. 12 Aug. 1762, and, 
when seven days old, was, on 19 Aug. 1762 (previous to his baptism), cr. 
Prince of Wales and EARL OF CHESTER, with rem. to his heirs, 
Kings of Great Britain. On 29 Jan. 1820 he ascended the throne as 
George IV, when all his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller 
particulars under "Cornwall," Dukedom of, 1762. 

(^) As to any marriage between this Prince and Hannah Lightfoot, the fair 
Quakeress, that lady's marriage, 11 Dec. 1753, with Isaac Axford, who survived her 
(but with whom, apparently, she never cohabited), is of itself a sufficient disproof. The 
case, however, as to a liaison between them is quite otherwise, and no one can read the 
able articles of "Horace Bleackley" in N. & Q., lOth Ser., vol. viii, pp. 321, 404, ^c, 
without agreeing with that writer, that, in spite of the scepticism of that acute critic 
W. J. Thorns, "it is difficult to resist the conclusion that Hannah Lightfoot, the 
niece of Henry Wheeler, Linendraper, of Market Street, St. James's, the bride of 
Isaac Axford, and the renegade Quakeress, was the same Lady for whom George, 
Prince of Wales [1751-60] was believed by many of his contemporaries to have had 
a serious admiration." In the trial of "Ryves v. the Attorney General" a [fudged] 
certificate of his marriage, 17 Apr. 1759, with Hannah Lightfoot, was quoted. See 
Annual Reg., 1866, p. 227. 



CHESTER 179 

XXIX. 1 841. H.R.H. Albert Edward, Prince of the United King- 

dom of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Cornwall, 
also Duke of Rothesay [S.], liifc., s. and h. ap. of Queen Victoria, 
by H.R.H. Albert, Prince Consort, Prince of Saxe Coburo; and Gotha. 
He was b. 9 Nov. 1841, and, within a month thereof, on 8 Dec. 1841, 
was (previous to his baptism) cr. Prince of Wales and EARL OF 
CHESTER,(^) with rem. to his heirs, Kings of the United Kingdom. He 
was subsequently, 17 Jan. 1850, cr. EARL OF DUBLIN, with a similar 
rem. On 11 Jan. 1901 he ascended the throne as Edward VII, when all 
his honours merged in the Crown. See fuller particulars under " Corn- 
wall," Dukedom of, 1841. 



(*) Since the reign of Henry III (excepting for the short period, 1264-65, when 

the rebel Baron, Simon de Montfort held it) the Earldom of Chester, which, in 
1254, was granted to Edward (afterwards Edward I), s. and h. ap. of that King, has 
never been conferred on any save the heir apparent of the Crown. 

The Principality of Wales, first united to England in 1284 by Edward I, 
was conferred, together with the Earldom of Chester, in 1301, on Edward his 
s. and h. ap. It was for the 2nd time conferred, in 1343, on Edward, Duke of 
Cornwall (so cr. 1337), s. and h. ap. of Edward III, but, in this case, some ten years 
after the said Prince had been (in 1333) cr. Earl of Chester. It was for the 3rd time 
conferred, in 1376, on Richard, grandson and h. ap. of Edward III, the grant being, as 
in the first instance, together with the Earldom of Chester, and, in this instance, with 
the Dukedom of Cornwall also. For the 4th time, it was conferred, in 1399, on 
Henry, s. and h. ap. of Henry IV, such grant being, as in the previous case, together 
with the Earldom of Chester and the Dukedom of Cornwall. Ever since that time 
the Principality of Wales has been conferred, together with the Earldom of Chester, 
but independently of the Dukedom of Cornwall (though in most cases all three 
dignities have been held together), on the heir apparent* to the Crown. 

There are, however, six cases in which the Duke of Cornwall, the heir apparent 
to the Crown, has not obtained the dignity of Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, 
f/z. (i) Henry, afterwards Henry VI, who became King at the age of 9 months. 
(2 and 3) Two sons of Henry VllI, who died as infants, 15 10 and 15 14 respectively. 
(4) Edward, afterwards Edward VI, who became King when 9 years of age. (5) 
Charles, ist s. of Charles I, who died an infant 1628. (6) James Francis, son of 
James II, born (but 6 months before his father's "abdication"), in 1688. Each one of 
these, having been the son of a King, will be noticed among the Dukes of Cornwall. 

On the other hand, there has been one instance (since the creation of the Duke- 
dom in 1337), where the heir apparent, though created Prince of Wales and Earl of 
Chester, has not been Duke of Cornwall. It is that (1751 to 1760) of George, after- 
wards George III, who, not being filius Regis, did not acquire that Dukedom by 
birthright. 

No less than six Princes of Wales (Earls of Chester) have died in their father's 
lifetime, viz. (i) Edward, s. of Edward III, d. 1376. (2) Edward, s. of Henry VI, 
d. 147 1. (3) Edward, s. of Richard III, d. 1484. (4) Arthur, s. of Henry VII, d. 
1502. (5) Henry, s. of James I, d. 1612. (6) Frederick, s. of George II, d. 1751. 

* Richard, Duke of York (father of Edward IV), who in 1460 had been declared 
heir apparent to the Crown, was never "Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Earl 
of Chester," though he was granted that Principality, Duchy, and County. 



i8o CHESTERFIELD 

CHESTERFIELD 

EARLDOM. I. Philip Stanhope, s. and h. of Sir John S.(d'. 1611), 

of Shelford, Notts, and Elvaston, co. Derby, being only s. 
I, 1628 by his 1st wife, Cordell, 3rd da. and coh. of Richard 

to Alington, of Lincoln's Inn, was b. 1584; knighted at 

1656. Whitehall, 16 Dec. 1605. He was, on 7 Nov. 1616, cr. 

BARON STANHOPE OF SHELFORD, co. Notting- 
ham. On 4 Aug. 1628, he was cr. EARL OF CHESTERFIELD, co. 
Derby. When the civil war broke out he was made, by the King, Col. 
of a regt. of Dragoons, 1642, distinguishing himself at the siege of Lich- 
field, where, in 1643, he was made prisoner.(^) He w., istly, in 1605, 
Catherine, da. of Francis Hastings, styled Lord Hastings (being s. and 
h. ap. of George, 4th Earl of Huntingdon), by Sarah, da. of Sir James 
Harington. She d. 28 Aug. 1636, and was bur. at Shelford. M.I. He 
m., 2ndly, Anne, widow of Sir Humphrey Ferrers, da. of Sir John 
Pakington, of Westwood, co. Worcester, K.B., by Dorothy, da. of 
Humphrey Smith, of London, silkman. He d. a prisoner, 12 Sep. 1656, 
aged 72, and was bur. at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. M.I. His widow was 
bur. there, 12 Nov. 1667. Will dat. i Oct. 1666, pr. 9 Nov. 1667. 

[Henry Stanhope, styled 'Lo\(.v> Stanhope, 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. 
ap-C') by 1st wife. He was cr. K.B. 2 Feb. 1625/6, at the Coronation 
of Charles I. M.P. for Notts 1626, and for East Retford 1628-29. He 
m., 4 Dec. 1628, at Boughton Malherbe, Kent, Katherine, ist da. and coh. 
of Thomas (Wotton), 2nd Baron Wotton of Marley, by Mary, ist da. 
and coh. of Sir Arthur Throckmorton, of Paulerspury, Northants. He 
d. v.p.^ at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, 29 Nov., and was bur. 2 Dec. 1634, 
at Boughton Malherbe, Kent. Admon. 13 Feb. 1634/5. His widow, 
who m., 2ndly, Jan van den Kerchhove, otherwise Polyander, Lord of 
Henvliet,('') in Zealand (who d. 7 Mar. 1660 at Sassenheim), was cr. 
Countess of Chesterfield, as below.] 

[ — ] 1660 Katherine, widow of Jan van den Kerchhove, afsd., 

to and before that of Henry Stanhope, styled l^ord Stanhope, 

1667. abovementioned, who attended Mary, Princess of Orange 

(to whom she had been Governess) into Holland, and 

who contributed freely to the relief of that Princess's brother, Charles II, 

when in exile, was, at the Restoration, cr. 29 May 1660, COUNTESS 



(=') His house at Shelford was garrisoned for the King, under command of his 
son Philip Stanhope, who lost his life when it was sacked by the rebels, 27 Oct. 1645. 

(•=) His elder br., John, was bur. 27 July 1623 at Shelford. 

(<=) Their only child, Charles Henry, was cr., 31 Aug. 1650, Baron Wotton 
[E.], and subsequently, 1 680, Earl of Bellomont [I.], but d. s.p. 5 Jan. 1682/3, 
leaving his estates to the Stanhope family. 



CHESTERFIELD i8i 

OF CHESTERFIELD, for life.(^) She m., 3rdly, Daniel O'Neale, 
M.P. for St. Ives, Col. of the Horse Guards, and one of the Grooms of the 
Bedchamber. He d. 24 Oct. 1664, and was bur. at Boughton Malherbe. 
Will dat. 4 Oct., pr. 6 Nov. 1 664. She d. 9 Apr. 1 667, of dropsy, at Belsize, 
and was bur. at Boughton Malherbe, when her life Peerage became extinct. 
Will dat. 15 Dec. 1666, pr. 12 Apr. 1667. 

II. 1656. 2. Philip (Stanhope), Earl of Chesterfield, i^c, 

grandson and h. of the ist Earl, being 2nd, but only surv. 
s. and h. of Henry Stanhope, styled 'Loku Stanhope, by Katherine,j«oy«rd? 
Countess of Chesterfield abovenamed, was 28 years old in 1662; Lord 
Chamberlain to the Queen Consort, 1662-65; Col. of a regt. of Foot, 
1667; and Col. of the 3rd Foot, 1682-84. Was cr. D.C.L. Oxford, 
15 July 1669; Chief Justice in Eyre, South of Trent, Dec. 1679 to Dec. 
1685. P.C.26Jan. 1680/1 till Feb. 1688/9; He took up arms on behalf of 
the Prince of Orange, 1688, but refused to take the oaths to him as King. 
F.R.S. 30 Nov. 1708. C") He m., istly, 21 June 1652, Anne, ist da. of 

(^) This patent is recited in a royal sign manual I June 1 660, whereby the 
daughters of the said Countess are given the same precedence as if their father had 
survived his father, Katharine's creation, as therein stated, giving her " in part the 
pre-eminence and precedency she lost by the death of her said husband," i.e. the rank 
of an Earldom of 1660 in lieu of one of 1628. See book marked I. 25 (p. 76) at 
the College of Arms. No similar case is know^n to have occurred previously, though 
later the cases of Sarah, Countess of Radnor (1686), and Catherine, Viscountess 
Grandison of Limerick (1700), widow of the h. ap. of the 4th Viscount Grandison, 
are somewhat similar. See also Baroness Bolsover, cr. 1 880. 

1^) For a list of "The Nobility in Arms with the Prince of Orange in 1688," 
see vol. ii, Appendix H. When the Princess Anne (who had been escorted by 
Compton, Bishop of London, the Earls of Northampton, and Chesterfield, Lord 
CuUen and other noblemen with a troop of horse from Leicester to Oxford) 
announced th.it her purpose was to have an association to kill all the Papists in England 
lest the Prince of Orange should be killed by them, the Earl of Chesterfield, Lord 
Ferrers, and Lord Cullen were the first who had the courage to refuse signing the 
paper drawn up by Bishop Compton to form this infamous conspiracy (which, if 
carried out, would have aimed at the life of the Princess's unfortunate father), and 
their example being followed by above 1 00 gentlemen, to the great vexation of the 
Princess, the plot had to be abandoned. See Memoirs of Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, 
pp. 48-50. Bishop Burnet's character of him, when above 60 (say in 1695), 
with Dean Swift's commentary thereon in italics is as follows: "He is very 
subtle and cunning, never entered into the measures of King William, nor ever will, 
in any probability, make any great appearance in any other reign. If it he old Chester- 
field, I have heard that he was the greatest knave in England.''' G.E.C. " He had a very 
agreeable face, a fine head of hair, an indifferent shape, and a worse air; he was not, 
however, deficient in wit; a long residence in Italy had made him ceremonious in his 
commerce with men, and jealous in his connection with women ; he had been much hated 
by the King, because he had been much beloved by Lady Castlemaine." [Memoirs 
of Count Gramont, cap. viii). After the rise of the modern party divisions he generally 
voted with the Tories. V.G. 



i82 CHESTERFIELD 

Algernon (Percy), loth Earl of Northumberland, by his ist wife, Anne, 
da. ofWilliam (Cecil), 2nd Earl of Salisbury. She, who was b. 19 Dec. 
1633, d. s.p.s., 29 Nov., and was bur. 7 Dec. 1654, at Petworth. He 
m., 2 ndly, shortly before 25 Sep. i66o,('') Elizabeth, da. of James (Butler), 
1st Duke of Ormonde, by Elizabeth, suo jure Baroness Dingwall [S.]. 
She, who was b. 29 June 1640, at Kilkenny, d. s.p.m.s., at Wellingborough, 
July 1665. He m., 3rdly, Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Charles (Dormer), 
2nd Earl of Carnarvon, by his ist wife, Elizabeth, da. of Arthur 
(Capell), 1st Baron Capell of Hadham. She d. in 1677, shortly before 
24 Oct.C") He d. at his house in Bloomsbury Sq., Midx., in his 80th 
year, 28 Jan., and was carried thence 8 Feb. and bur. 12 Feb. 17 13/4, 
at Shelford afsd. Will dat. 17 Dec. 1713, pr. 21 Jan. 17 14/5. 

III. 1714- 3- Philip (Stanhope), Earl of Chesterfield, fePc, 

3rd but 1st surv. s. and h., being ist s. by 3rd wife, b. 3 
and bap. 17 Feb. 1672/3, at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, Midx., the Earl of 
Carnarvon, the Earl of Ossory, and the Countess of Essex, being his 
sponsors. He was a Whig in politics. He m. (lie. from Fac. Off. 24 Feb. 
1 69 1/2) Elizabeth, da. of George (Savile), ist Marquess of Halifax, by 
his 2nd wife, Gertrude, da. of the Hon. William Pierrepont. She d. 
about 7 Sep. 1708. He d. at his seat, Bretby, co. Derby, 9, and was bur. 
15 Feb. 1725/6, at Shelford, aged ^t,- Will pr. Feb. 1725/6. 

IV. 1726. 4. Philip Dormer (Stanhope), Earl of Chester- 

field, &c., 1st s. and h., b. 22 Sep., and bap. 9 Oct. 1694, 
at St. James's, Westm. Ed. at Trin. Hall, Cambridge, till the age of 19. 
M.P. (Whig) for St. Germans, 1715-22, taking his seat before he was of 
age, and narrowly escaping a fine of ;^500 ; for Lostwithiel, 1722 to May 

(*) A few months after the marriage, Pepys, under date 20 Jan. 166 1/2, says, 
"I was told the occasion of my Lord Chesterfield's going and taking his lady (my 
Lord Ormond's daughter) from Court. It seems he hath been long jealous of the 
Duke of York, but . . . the lady by all opinions is a most good virtuous woman." 
His father-in-law, the Duke of Ormonde, writes 17 Jan. 1662/3, "Lord Chester- 
field's extravagant proceedings must deprive him of the esteem and opinion of all 
sober men. I do not know how to govern myself to redeem my daughter from the 
afflicting life that seems to be prepared for her and my Lord C. (for whose person 
and disease I have kindness and compassion) from that scandalous state he has brought 
himself to." Of the lady herself there is an account in the Memoirs of Count 
Gramont, cap. vii ; " This was one of the most agreeable women in the world : 
she had a most exquisite shape, though she was not very tall ; her complexion was 
extremely fair with all the expressive charms of a brunette ; her manners were 
engaging ; her wit lively and amusing ; but her heart ever open to tender sentiments, 
was neither scrupulous in point of constancy, nor nice in point of sincerity." Her 
husband, who was exceedingly jealous, is said to have had her poisoned in the wine 
administered for the sacrament. V.G. 

C") See his letter to his brother-in-law, the Earl of Ossory, of that date, in 
Hiit. MSS. Com., Ormonde MSS., vol. iv, p. 54. V.G. 



CHESTERFIELD 183 

1723, when he lost his seat on accepting office. Lord of the Bedchamber 
to George, Prince of Wales, 1715-27, and again to him, when George II, 
1727-30 ; Capt. of the Yeomen of the Guard, 1723-25 ;(^) P.C. 26 Feb. 
1727/8 ; Ambassador to the Hague, 1728-32 (where he distinguished 
himself by the magnificence of his entertainments), and again, on a special 
mission, 1745. Nom. K.G. 18 May, and inst. 18 June 1730. Lord 
Steward of the Household, 1 730-33. C") Lord Lieut, of Ireland, 
Jan. 1744/5 to Oct. I746.(') One of the Lords Justices of the Realm, 
May 1745. Secretary of State (north), Oct. 1746 to Feb. 1 747/8. ("^j 
He w., 14 May or 5 Sep. 1733, Melusina de Schulenberg, suo jure 
Countess of Walsingham, an illegit. da. of George I, being, apparently, 
his only child by his favourite Mistress, Ermengarde Melusina (de Schu- 
lenberg), suo jure Duchess of Kendal, spinster. On 7 Sep. 1722, she 
was cr. BARONESS OF ALDBOROUGH, co. Suffolk, and COUNTESS 
OF WALSINGHAM, co. Norfolk, for life, but after her marriage in 1733, 
she adopted the title of her husband. (") He d. s.p., "of a slow decay," 
in his 79th year, at Chesterfield House, Mayfair, Midx.,(') 24 Mar. 
1773, and was bur. in Audley Str. Chapel, whence, on 10 Apr. following, 
he was removed to Shelford.(«) Will dat. 4 June 1772, pr. Apr. 1773. 



(*) Diet, Nat. Biog. states that he was Capt. of the Gentlemen Pensioners 1 723-25 
in succession to Lord Townshend, but neither of them ever held that office. V.G. 

C") He became thenceforward a steady opponent of Walpole's Ministry, and 
consequently was excluded from office till " the Broad Bottom Administration " of 1 744. 

if) In this office he was loved and respected. It was at this time he wrote the 
charming epigram on the Dublin belle, Miss Ambrose, who had worn orange favours 
at a ball on King William's birthday. 

" Thou pretty Tory, where 's the jest 
Of wearing orange in thy breast, 
When that same breast insulting shows 
The colour of the rebel rose?" V.G. 

('^) For a list of Secretaries of State see vol. ii. Appendix D. 

(•^j "Her portion is said to be ;r5 0,000 down and ;^3,ooo per ann., payable out 
of the civil list revenue in Ireland, during her life." {Hist. Register). The Duchess 
of Kendal, who d. in 1 743, left her but a part of her immense wealth, and both 
mother and daughter were defrauded out of the money left them by George I, by 
his successor (George II) burning the will. As, however, the Earl threatened to 
take legal proceedings thereon, that King gave him ^^20,000 for a quietus. 

(') This magnificent mansion was finished in 1749. The architect was Ware, 
the editor of Palladia. It contains the staircase and columns from Canons, the 
Duke of Chandos' palace at Edgware, Midx. 

(8) He was well-known as the author of Chesterfield's Letters. Of these, which 
were written to his illegit. son (who d. before him in 1768), Dr. Johnson remarks that 
they " inculcated the morals of a Strumpet and the manners of a Dancing-master," and 
of the Earl himself he adds that he was " a Wit among Lords and a Lord among 
Wits." His dismissal from Court (1733) is said to have been owing to his indis- 
creetly "having offended the Queen by paying court to Lady Suffolk," the King's 
mistress. See Coxe's Walpok^ quoted in Collins^ vol. iii, p. 429, note. George II 



i84 CHESTERFIELD 

His widow d. s.p., 1 6 Sep. 1778, when her Peerage, being for life, became 
extinct. Will pr. Sep. 1778. 

V. 1773- 5- Philip (Stanhope), Earl of Chesterfield, i^c, 

cousin and h. male, being 2nd but only surv. s. and h. of 
Arthur Charles S., of Mansfield Woodhouse, Notts, by his 2nd wife, 
Margaret {d. Jan. 1764), da. and coh. of Charles Headlam, of Kerby Hall, 
CO. York, which Arthur Charles was s. and h. of Michael S., D.D., Canon of 
Windsor, 2nd s. of Charles S., who was 3rd s. of Arthur S., both of 
Mansfield Woodhouse afsd., the said Arthur S. being i ith s. of Philip, the 
I St Earl, i.e. yst. s. by ist wife, Catharine abovenamed. He was b. 
10, and bap. 28 Nov. 1755, at Mansfield, and sue. his father in that estate 
9 Mar. 1770. Was a student at the Univ. of Leipzig, when in 1773, he 
sue. his cousin in the Peerage and in the family estates at Bretby, co. 
Derby, Shelford, Notts, tfc. F.S.A. 5 Dec. 1776 ; F.R.S. 19 Dec. 1776 ; 
Capt. 85th Foot, 1779 ; Lord Lieut, of Bucks, 1781-82. Ambassador 
TO Spain, 1784-87 ;(") P.C. 7 Jan. 1784; Master of the Mint (Tory), 
Sep. 1789-90; Joint Postmaster Gen., 1790-98; Master of the Horse, 
1 798-1 804. Norn. K.G. 17 Jan. and inst. 23 Apr. 1805. He m., istly, 
20 Aug. 1777 (spec, lie), in Lambeth Chapel, Anne, da. of the Rev. 
Thomas Thistlethwaite, D.D., of Norman Court, Hants, by Selina, da. 
of Peter Bathurst, of Clarendon Park, Wilts. She, who was b. i'JS9-> 
d. 20 Oct., and was bur. 2 Nov. 1798, at Shelford. He w., 2ndly, 2 May 
1799, in Grosvenor Str., Henrietta, 3rd da. of Thomas (Thynne), ist 
Marquess of Bath, by Elizabeth, da. of William (Cavendish-Bentinck), 
Duke of Portland. She, who was b. y'] Nov. 1762, was a Lady of the 

dubbed him "a little gossipping tea table scoundrel," and indeed his wit, his vanity, 
and his vices are better known to posterity than his scholarly tastes, his literary 
capacity, and his prescient statesmanship. He said of himself that he wanted the two 
great springs of human action — ambition and avarice. Perhaps his greatest work 
was the reformation of the Calendar in 175 i, but by his firmness, vigilance, kindness, 
and toleration, he has left his mark as probably the best Lord Lieut, that Ireland 
has ever seen. Cowper, in the Progress of Error has a fling at him. 

"Petronius ! all the Muses weep for thee. 
But every tear shall scald thy memory. 
Thou polished and high finished foe to truth, 
Grey-beard corrupter of our listening youth." 

" He left a will that did him no credit, imposing impracticable restraints on his 
heir, and sporting ludicrously on the Church by giving penalties for which his heir 
was made liable to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, to whose want of lenity 
he said he could trust." (H. Walpole, Mar. 1773). His Life, by W. H. Craig, was 
pub. in 1907- "Equal to most of his competitors in elegance and perspicacity, and 
beyond all in choice of imagery, taste, urbanity, and graceful irony, and in nice touches 
of raillery and humour; his wit however poignant was always under the control of 
decency and good sense." V.G. 

(^) This was only a nominal appointment, as he never went to Madrid. V.G. 



CHESTERFIELD 185 

Bedchamber to the Queen Consort 1 809 till her death. She d. 3 i May 
1 8 13, at Chesterfield House, Mayfair. He d. 29 Aug. 18 15, at Bretby, 
CO. Derby, aged 59. Will pr. Feb. i8i6.(^) 

VI. 1 8 15. 6. George (Stanhope), Earl OF Chesterfield, fjj'c., 

only s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 23 May 1805, at Bretby 
Hall, CO. Derby; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 22 Apr. 1823; 
Lord of the Bedchamber, (Tory) i828-30;('') P.C. 29 Dec. 1834; Master 
of the Buckhounds, 1834-35. He w., 30 Nov. 1830, Anne Elizabeth,('^) 
1st da. of Cecil Weld (Weld-Forester), ist Baron Forester of Willey, 
by Katherine Mary, da. of Charles (Manners), Duke of Rutland. He d. 
at his house, 3 Grosvenor Sq., i, and was bur. 8 June 1866, at Bretby, 
aged 6i.('') His widow, who was b. 7 Sep. 1802, d. I"] July 1885, aged 
82, at Bretby Park. Will, dat. 17 to 19 Mar. 1883, pr. 15 Sep. 1885, at 
;^ii8,966, resworn Sep. 1886, at ;^I32,769. 



VII. 1866. 7. George Philip Cecil Arthur, otherwise George 

Arthur Philip (Stanhope), Earl of Chesterfield, fcfc, 
only s. and h., ^.28 Sep. 1831 ; ed. at Eton; Cornet Horse Guards (Blue), 
1849; Lieut., 1853-55; M.P. (Conservative) for South Notts, 1860-66. 
When staying, together with the Prince of Wales, at Londesborough Lodge, 
near Scarborough, they both were attacked with typhoid fever (17 Nov. 



(*) He appears in 1775, "Lord C . . . d and Signorina Ballantini," in the 
notorious tete-a-tete portraits in the Town and Country Mag., vol. vii, p. 289, for an 
account of which see Appendix B in the last vol. of this work. When his 
unfortunate tutor, Dr. Dodd, was condemned to death for forgery on him, he did 
not (according to Horace Walpole), "discover that tender sensibility natural to and so 
becoming in a young mind." Madame d'Arblay says of him in her Diary that " he 
has as little good-breeding as any man I ever met with." V.G. 

C") Though a Tory, he consistently supported Catholic emancipation. V.G. 

if) This lady, according to Lady Dorothy Nevill, had the distinction of refusing 
offers of marriage from two Prime Ministers, Lords Derby and Beaconsfield. V.G. 

('^) In his youth he was one of the most brilliant of the men of fashion, having 
succeeded to a large rental and large accumulations in his minority. "It makes me 
sad to see Bretby and the mode of life there : idleness, folly, waste, and a constant 
progress to ruin ; a princely fortune dilapidated by sheer indolence, because the 
obstinate spoiled owner will neither look into his affairs nor let anybody else look into 
them. He lies in bed half the day, and rises to run after pleasure in whatever shape 
he can pursue it ; abhors business, and has no sense of duty." [Greville Memoirs, 
16 Sep. 1846). "A man of fair parts and good instincts, but his education had been 
neglected, and he had been allowed at a very early age to contract habits of dissipation 
and extravagance, which ultimately led to the loss of nearly half his large fortune, 
which, however, he endeavoured in his latter years to retrieve by judicious economy. 
Though rather a spoilt child, he was much liked by those he associated with." (Henry 
Greville's Diary, 4 June 1866). V.G. 

24 



i86 CHESTERFIELD 

1 871), of which the Prince, after a severe illness, recovered, but of which 
the Earl died, unm., at Bretby Hall, i Dec. i87i,(^) aged 40. Will dat. 

6 May 1871, pr. 26 Jan. 1872, under ^80,000. 

VIII. 1 871. 8. George Philip (Stanhope), Earl of Chester- 

field, &c., cousin and h. male, being only s. and h. of 
Charles George S., Capt. 29th Foot, by Jane, ist da. of Sir James Gal- 
BRAiTH, which Charles George was yst. s. of Rear Admiral John S., s. 
and h. of Ferdinand S., 4th s. of Michael S., D.D., (abovenamed) 2nd s. of 
Charles S., the 3rd s. of Arthur S., both of Mansfield Woodhouse, Notts, 
the said Arthur being (as afsd.) nth s. of Philip, the ist Earl. He was i. 
29 Nov. 1822; was Ensign 29th Foot, 1841; Lieut. Apr. to July 1842. 
On 7 July 1873, his claim to the Earldom, tfc, was admitted by the 
House of Lords. He was of Rockwood, near Strabane, co. Tyrone. He 
m., istly, 8 Apr. 1856, Marianne, da. of William Roche.('') She </. s.p.s., 
from an overdose of laudanum, at the Alma Hotel, Edinburgh, 18 Dec. 
1875, aged 38, and was Ipur. in the Dean Cemetery there. He m., 2ndly, 

7 Mar. 1877, Catherine Jane Jarvis, da. of John Hildebrand Bond, of 
Belfast. She d. s.p., 3 Feb. 1880, at Rockwood afsd. He tn., 3rdly,7 Dec. 
1882, Agnes, da. of James Payne, of Manchester. He d. after a long 
illness, s.D.s., 19 Oct. 1883, at Killendarragh, near LifFord, co. Donegal, 
aged nearly 6 !.('') Will pr. at Londonderry, resealed in London, 22 Mar. 
1884, under ^^4,500 [E. and I.]. His widow was living 19 12. 

IX. 1883. 9. Henry Edwyn Chandos (Scudamore-Stanhope), 

Earl of Chesterfield, i^c., cousin and h. male, beings, and 
h. of Sir Edw).'n Francis Stanhope, afterwards (1827) Scudamore-Stan- 
hope, Bart., by Mary, da. ofThomasDowELL,of Parker's Well, Devon, which 
Edwyn Francis was s. and h. of Sir Henry Edwyn S., Bart, (so cr. 13 Nov. 
1807), only s. and h. of Edwin Francis S., only s. and h. of Charles S., 5th 
s. of another Charles S., the 3rd s. of Arthur S., both of Mansfield Wood- 
house, Notts (as abovementioned), the said Arthur being (as afsd.) nth s. 
of Philip, 1st Earl of Chesterfield. He was b. 8 Apr., and bap. 24 May 
1821, at Teignmouth, Devon, and by Royal lie, 17 Jan. 1827 (granted to 

{") His only sister and h., Evelyn, b. 3 Nov. 1834, m., 5 Sep. 186 1 (as his 1st 
wife), Henry Howard Molyneux (Herbert), 4th Earl of Carnarvon, and d. 25 Jan. 
1875, leaving issue. To this lady and to her descendants, Bretby and other the estates 
of the Stanhopes passed, which, considering that they had been inherited as heirs male 
by this cadet line, to the exclusion of the heirs general of the ist Earl, some 60 years 
previously, seems somewhat hard on the inheritors in and after I 871 ot this ancient 
Earldom, who are the heirs male of the 1st Earl, whereas the present (19 1 2) owners of 
the estates are neither the heirs male, nor heirs general of the ist Earl. 

(^) Their only s., Philip Laurence John Stanhope, b. 8 Dec. 1857, <^. ""-P-y ^ ^^P* 
i860. V.G. 

(') He took no part in public life, but is described in Who's JVho as a Conservative. 
V.G. 



CHESTERFIELD 187 

his father), took the name of Scudamore before that of Stanhope \ ed. at Win- 
chester; matric. at Oxford (Balliol Coll.) 28 June 1838, B.A., 1841. He 
was a Liberal in politics. He »;., 6 Aug. 1 851, at St. John's, Edinburgh, 
Dorothea, ist da. of Sir Adam Hay, 7th Bart. [S.], by Henrietta Callander, 
da. of William Grant, of Congatton, co. Haddington. He d. 21 Jan. 1887, 
at the Victoria Hotel, St. Leonards-on-Sea, aged 65. Will pr. at Hereford, 
8 Mar. 1887, over ^^ 13,000. His widow was living 191 2. 



X. 1887. 10. Edwyn Francis (Scudamore-Stanhope), Earl 

OF Chesterfield [1628] and Baron Stanhope of Shel- 
FORD [16 1 6], also a Baronet [1807], ist s. and h., b. 15 Mar. 1854, in Rome. 
Ed. at Eton, and at Brasenose Coll. Oxford, B.A. 1877. Treasurer of the 
Household 1892-94; Capt. of the Corps of Gentlemen at arms 1894-95; 
P.C. 30 Apr. 1894. Lord Steward (Liberal) since i9io.('') He w., 15 Feb. 
1900, at St. Mark's, North Audley Str., Enid Edith, 2nd da. of Charles 
(Wilson), ist Baron Nunburnholme, by Florence Jane Helen, ist da. of 
Col. William Henry Charles Wellesley. She was b. 10 Sep. 1878, at 
Marske Hall, Richmond, Yorks. 

Family Estates. — These consisted chiefly of the greater portion of the 
Scudamore estates, inherited, 22 Oct. 1820 (on the death, s.p..^ of Frances, 
Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, born Scudamore), by the father ot the 9th 
Earl, whose grandfather, Edwin Francis Stanhope, m. Catherine, the only 
child that had issue of John Brydges, styled Marquess of Carnarvon, the s. 
and h. ap. of James, ist Duke of Chandos, who was great-grandson and 
h. of Sir Giles Brydges, Bart, (so cr. 1627), who m. Mary, da. of Sir James 
Scudamore, of Holme Lacy, co. Hereford, sister of John, cr. Viscount 
Scudamore [L] in 1628. In 1883 these estates consisted of 5,039 acres, co. 
Hereford, worth ^^6,224 a year, and 152 acres in Herts, worth ;^256 a 
year. Total 5,191 acres, worth ^^6,480 a year. Principal Residence, Holme 
Lacy, CO. Hereford-C*) 



CHESTERFORD 

i.e. "Chesterford, co. Essex," Barony {Howard\ cr. 1706, with the 
Earldom of Bindon, which see; extinct 1722. 



(^) He is one of the numerous peers who are or have been directors of public 
companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v. Appendix C. 

('') The whole of the Herefordshire estates, mansion and grounds, totalling 
5,510 acres, were offered for sale by auction 29 June 1909, and of these 3,396 acres, 
with the mansion, were sold for a sum approaching ;^2 00,000, to Sir Robert Lucas 
Tooth, an Australian brewer, the family portraits in the house being also sold. V.G. 



i88 CHETWYND 

CHETWYND OF BEARHAVEN 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Walter Chetwynd,^ s. and h. of John C, 
M.P. for Stafford, formerly of Ridge and Meare, but 

I. 1 71 7. afterwards of Ingestrie, co. Stafford {d. 9 Dec. 1702), 

by Lucy, da. of Robert Roane, of Chaldon, Surrey; 
matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 28 May 1696, being then aged 18; IM.P. 
(Tory) for Stafford, i702-ii,('') 1712-22, and 1725-34; Master of the 
Buckhounds 1705-11; Ranger of St. James's Park and Keeper of the 
Mall, 1714-27. He was, on 29 June 1717, cr. BARON OF RATH- 
DOWNE, CO. DUBLIN, AND VISCOUNT CHETWYND OF 
BEARHAVEN, co. Kerry [I.], with a spec. rem. failing the heirs male 
of his body to those of his deceased father. High Steward of Stafford, 
171 7. He w., 27 May 1703, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Mary, ist da. 
and coh. of John (Berkeley), 4th and last Viscount Fitzhardinge and 
Baron Berkeley of Rathdowne [I.], by Barbara, da. of Sir Edward 
ViLLiERS, Knight Marshal. He ^. j./)., after a tedious illness, 21 Feb. 1735/6, 
at Ingestrie, and was bur. there. Will dat. 13 to 14 Feb., pr. 16 Mar. 
I •735/6 and 2 Nov. 1736. His widow, who had been Maid of Honour 
to Queen Anne, d. 3 June 1741, aged above 70, and was bur. at Ingestrie. 
Will dated 27 Nov. 1736, pr. 19 Mar. 1736/7, 

II. 1736. 2. John (Chetwynd), Viscount Chetwynd OF Bear- 

haven, fffc. [I.], br. and h. according to the spec. rem. in 
the patent. Receiver Gen. for the Duchy of Lancaster 1 702-1 8 ; Envoy to 
Savoy 1 706-10; a Commissioner, or Lord, of Trade, 1714-28; M.P.('=) for St. 
Mawes, 1715-22; for Stockbridge, 1722-34, and for Stafford, 1738-47; 
Envoy to Spain, 171 7-1 8; a Lord of the Admiralty 1717-27; Recorder 
of Stafford, 1735, and High Steward of Stafford. He w., before 1720, 
( — )> who d. 21 Feb. 1738/9, and was bur. at Ingestrie. He d. s.p.m.5.,(^) 
21 June 1767, and was bur. at Ingestrie. Will dat. 3 Mar. 1765, pr. 
12 July 1767, by his daughters, Catherine Talbot, widow, and Frances 
Chetwynd, spinster. 

(^) He inherited the manor ot Bold and other property in co. Stafford, by the 
death, !./>., of Walter Chetwynd, of Ingestrie, his cousin and godfather, on 2 1 Mar. 1 693. 

1^) He joined the Whigs about 1708 and supported them till he obtained his 
Peerage, but soon afterwards reverted to the Tories. V.G. 

if) He was at first a Whig, but opposed Walpole and acted with the Tories 
after 1727. V.G. 

{^) Of his sons (i) John, matric. at Oxford (Corpus), 12 May 1737, being then 
aged 17 ; was cr. M.A. 24 Jan. 1739/40 ; d. at Ingestrie v.p., and unm., 30 May 
1 741. (2) William Richard, matric. at Oxford (Corpus), 17 Jan. 1746/7, being then 
aged 15. He was M.P. for Stafford 1754-65, and w., 13 Mar. 1753, the ist da. of 
( — ) Wollaston, of St. James's Square, but d. s.p.m. and v.p., Feb. 1765, in the 
South of France. Their sister, Catherine, m. the Hon. John Talbot, and was mother 
of the 1st Earl Talbot and Viscount Ingestre, who inherited the Chetwynd estates, 
being grandfather of the 3rd Earl Talbot, v/ho, in 1856, became Earl of Shrewsbury, 



CHETWYND 189 

III. 1767. 3. William Richard (Chetwynd), Viscount Chet- 

WYND OF Bearhaven, &'c. [I.], br. and h., according to the 
spec. rem. in the patent. He was ed. at Westm. school; matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 8 June 1703, being then aged 19. He was Envoy 
to Genoa, 1708-12; M.P.(^) for Stafford, 1715-22; for Plymouth, 1722-27, 
for Stafford, 1734-70; a Lord of the Admiralty, 1717-27; Under Sec. of 
State for the North, 1744-46; Master of the Mint, 1744-69. He m. (settl. 
dat. 3 June 1715) Honora, da. of William Baker, Consul at Algiers, by 
Deborah, da. of Sir Leonard Robinson, Chamberlain of London. She d. 
5 Sep. 1 726, in childbed. He d. 3 Apr. 1 770, aged 86, and was I^ur. at Ashley, 
CO. Stafford. C") Will dat. 22 Apr. 1762 to 20 Apr. 1769, pr. 7 Apr. 1770. 

IV. 1770. 4. William (Chetwynd), Viscount Chetwynd of 

Bearhaven, i^c. [I.], s. and h., i-. 25 Nov. and l^ap. 
21 Dec. 1721, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields; matric. at Oxford (Hart 
Hall), 2 Dec. 1737. M.P. (Whig) for Stockbridge, 1747-54. Equerry 
to the King, 1758-60. Took his seat in the House of Lords [I.], 14 Oct. 
1773. Was granted an annual pension of ^{400, June 1782. He m., 

28 Oct. 1751, Susannah, yst. da. of Sir Jonathan Cope, ist Bart., of Brewerne, 
by Mary, da. of Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bart. She d. 3 Mar. 1790, at Lyne- 
ham House, near Wootton-Bassett, and was Ipur. at Lyneham. He d. 
12 Nov. 1 79 1, at Donnybrook Green, and was l>ur. at Christ Church, 
Dublin, aged nearly 70. Will pr. Apr. 1792. 

V. 1791. 5- Richard (Chetwynd), Viscount Chetwynd of 

Bearhaven, i^c. [I.], 4th (") but ist surv. s. and h., i. 

29 Sep. 1757, at Heywood Park, Little Heywood, co. Stafford. Clerk to 
the Privy Council (extraord.) 1772-18 10, and (ordinary) 18 10 till his death. 
Lieut. Col. of the York Fencible Infantry Regt. He m.. 30 July 1791, at 
the house of her step-father, Stephen Cottrell (his predecessor in the 
Clerkship to the Privy Council), in Grosvenor Place, Charlotte, yst. da. of 
Thomas Cartwright, of Aynho, Northants, by Mary Catherine, da. of 
Major Gen. Thomas Desaguliers, of Graces, in Little Baddow, Essex. 
He^. 27 Feb. 1821, in Bolton Row, Piccadilly, Midx., aged 63. Admon. 
Apr. 1 82 1. His widow, who was I?. May 1772, d. 7 Apr. 1845, ^g^^ T^y ^* 
Upper Brook Str., Midx. Will pr. May 1845. 

VI. 182 1. 6. Richard Walter (Chetwynd), Viscount Chet- 

wynd OF Bearhaven, 6fc. [I.], ist surv. s. and h., />. 
13/14 Dec. 1800, in Bolton Row, afsd., sometime an officer in the Grenadier 

(*) See note " c " on previous page. 

('') He was called "Oroonoko Chetwynd," from the darkness of his com- 
plexion. V.G. 

{'■) There were 3 elder sons, who all d. unm. and v.p., viz. (i) William C. /'. 
26 Jan. 1753 at Heywood Park afsd., a Capt. 46th Foot, d. 1779 at St. Lucia in the 
West Indies; (2) John Whitmore C. h. 10 Feb. 1754 at Heywood Park afsd., Capt. 
of H.M.S. "Expedition,'V. Nov. 1788 in Jamaica; (3) Jonathan C. (/. an infant. V.G. 



igo CHETWYND 

Guards. He m., istly, 29 Aug. 1822, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Mary, da. of 
Robert Moss, by ( — ),da. of John WEyLAND,of Woodeaton, niece of Charles 
Moss, Bishop of Oxford. She d. 5 Nov. 1857, at Exmouth, Devon. 
Admon. Dec. 1857. He m., 2ndly, 24 Sep. 1861, at Withecombe Rawleigh, 
Devon, Mary, da. of John Hussey, sometime Recorder of Lyme Regis, 
Dorset. He <^. 6 Dec. 1879, aged nearly 79, at his residence, Marpool, 
near Exmouth. His widow d. 7 June 1901, at HighclifFe, Lympstone, 
Devon, aged 81. Will pr. over ;^i 1,000. 

VII. 1879, 7- Richard Walter (Chetwynd), Viscount Chet- 

WYND of Bearhaven and Baron of Rathdowne [I.], s. 
and h. by ist wife, l>. 26 July 1823. Lieut. 14th Dragoons, 1849-53. He 
m., 16 Mar. 1858, at St. Peter's, Pimlico, Harriet Johanna, ist da. of 
Walter Campbell, of Sanderlands, Scotland. She d'. 12 Jan. 1898, aged 
69, at 25 Elvaston Place, Pimlico. He d'. of pneumonia, at 25 Elvaston 
Place, afsd., 23, and was I>ur. 27 Jan. 191 1, at Brooicwood, aged 87. He 
was sue. by his nephew and h., who is outside the scope of this work. 



[Richard Walter Chetwynd, s. and h. ap., ^. 27 Nov. 1859, at 
78 Chester Sq.; matric. at Oxford (Balliol Coll.) 19 Oct. 1878. Sometime 
Major S. Staffordshire Regt. He m., 8 Jan. 1889, at St. Paul's, Knights- 
bridge, Florence Mary, only da. of Col. Tom Naylor Leyland, of 
Nantclwyd. She was /-. 12 Feb. 1863, at Hyde Park House, Albert 
Gate. This marriage was dissolved in 1900. He d. s.p.m., suddenly, 
6 Mar. 1908, at 25 Elvaston Place afsd., and was htr. at Brookwood,aged48.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, were under 2,000 acres. 



CHEVELEY 

i.e. "Cheveley, co. Suffolk," Viscountcy {Jermyri), cr. 9 July 1689, 
with the Earldom of Dover, by James II, after his abdication. See 
"Dover," Earldom; and vol. i, Appendix F. 



CHEV^TON, or CHUTON 

See "Bonville (of Chewton)," Barony {Bonville), cr. by writ 1449; 
forfeited 1554. 

See "Waldegrave of Chewton, co. Somerset," 'RdiTony (JValdegrave), 
cr. 1686. 

i.e. " Chewton, co. Somerset," Viscountcy {Waldegrave)^ cr. 1729, with 
the Earldom of Waldegrave, which see. 



CHEYLESMORE 191 

CHEYLESMORE 

BARONY. I. Henry William Eaton, s. of Henry E., was b. 

13 Mar. 18 16, ed. at Enfield, Midx., and at the College 
I. 1887. i?o///«, Paris ; was for many years head of the firm " Henry- 

William Eaton and Sons," 33 Old Broad Str., London, 
Silk Brokers; was M.P. (Conservative) for Coventry, 1865-80 and 1881-87. 
On 9 July 1887, he was cr. BARON CHEYLESMORE ^ of Cheyles- 
more, in the city of Coventry, co. Warwick. He m., 22 Oct. 1839, Char- 
lotte Gorham, only da. of Thomas Leader Harman, of New Orleans. She 
d. 27 Feb. 1877, at Porters, Shenley, Herts, aged 59. He d. suddenly, 
2 Oct. 1 891, at Warsaw, aged 75, and was bur. at Highgate. Will pr. at 

n, 1891. 2. William Meriton (Eaton), Baron CHEYLESMORE 

[1887], 2nd('') but ist surv. s. and h., b. 15 Jan. 1843, 
at 9 Gloucester Terrace, Regent's Park; ed. at Eton. A Conservative. He 
d. unm., after a long illness, at 16 Prince's Gate, 10, and was bur. 15 July 
1902, at Highgate, aged S9->(f) ^^ ^^^ ^"'^- by his br., who is outside the 
scope of this work. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, were under 2,000 acres. 

CHEYNE, CHEYNEY or CHENEY 

BARONY BY i. Sir John Cheyne, Cheyney, or Cheney, yr. s.^) 

WRIT. of John C, of Shurland in the Isle of Sheppey, Kent [d. 

before Nov. 1487), by Eleanor {d. before Nov. 1487), 

I. 1487 da. and coh. of Sir John Shottisbrooke. He was 

to knighted 7 Aug. 1485 ; distinguished himself at the battle 

1499. of Bosworth, 22 Aug. 1485, under Henry of Richmond 

(afterwards Henry VII), and again 16 June 1487, against 

(*) He was one of the eight Barons cr. in July 1887 on the occasion of the 
"Jubilee" of the 50 years then completed of the Queen's reign. These in their 
order of creation were: (i) Bowes {Earl of Strathmore [S.]); (2) Monckton 
{discount Galway [I.]); (3) Saint Levan (^i". Auhyn); (4) Magheramorne {McGarel- 
Hogg); (5) Armstrong {Armstrong); (6) Basing {Sclater-Booth); (7) De Ramsey 
{Fellowes); and (8) Cheylesmgre {Eaton). Baron Londesborough was also, at the 
same time, cr. Viscount Raincliffe and Earl of Londesborough. These 8 Barons 
were cr. from i to 9 July; and in the same month, 13 days later, another barony, 
Addington {Hubbard), was cr. 

(•=) His elder br., Henry Enderby Eaton, h. n May 1841, m., 30 Apr. 1872, 
Inna, ist da. of Edward (Fellowes), 1st Baron de Ramsey, but d. s.p. and v. p.., 
7 Apr. 1879. His widow w., 19 Sep. 1882, Henry Laurence Whateley, and was 
iving 1912. 

('=) He was one of the numerous peers who have been directors of public companies, 
for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v. Appendix C. 

C) His elder br., William Cheyne, of East Church in the Isle of Sheppey, d. 
in 1487, before 29 Nov., leaving a s, and h., Francis Cheyne. V.G. 



192 CHEYNE 

the adherents of Lambert Simnel at Stoke. P.C. Nom. K.G. at some date 
before 22 Apr. 1486.Q Constable of Barnard's Castle 15 Mar. 1487/8. 
He was sum. to Pari, from 22 Sep. (1487) 3 Hen. VII('') to 14 Oct. (1495) 
1 1 Hen. VII, by writs directed Johanni Cheyney, whereby he is held to 
have become LORD CHEYNE. He m., in or after 1479, Margaret, 
widow of William, Lord Stourton, da. and coh. of Sir John Chidiocke, 
by Katherine, da. of Sir Ralph Lumley. He d. s.p., 30 May 1499, and 
was bur. in Salisbury Cathedral, when his honours became extinct. 



CHEYNE, CHEYNEY, or CHENEY (of 

Toddington) 

BARONY BY i. Sir Henry Cheney, Cheyne, or Cheyney, of 

WRIT. Toddington, Beds, 2nd s. of Sir Thomas Cheney (*=) 

{d. 15 Dec. 1558), of Shurland in the Isle of Sheppey, 

I. 1572 K.G., Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, being ist s. 

to by his 2nd wife, Anne, da. and coh. of Sir John 

1587. Broughton, of Toddington afsd., was knighted "by the 

Queen's own hand," 1563. SheriiF of Beds 1^6^-66; 
M.P. for Kent 1562-67, and for Beds Apr. to May 1572. He was sum. 
to Pari, from 8 May (1572) 14 Eliz. to 15 Sep. (1586) 28 Eliz.,('^) by 
writs directed Henrico Cheney^ and sometimes Henrico Cheyney de Toddington 
Ch'r, whereby he is held to have become LORD CHENEY (of Tod- 
dington). He, in Oct. 1586, was one of the Peers on the trial of Mary, 

(^) For an account of the robes given to him and others in 1489 by the King, 
see vol. ii, p. 545, note " b." 

(^) The wrrits for this Pari., which met 9 Nov., issued on I Sep., but the warrant 
for the writs to Sir John Cheyney and to Sir Thomas Burgh (see vol. ii, p. 422, note 
"b") did not issue till 22 Sep. 1487. Although these two writs were apparently 
enrolled on the Close Rolls 3 weeks before the warrant for them issued, it is clear that 
they were in fact added to the original list of writs after the receipt of the warrant at 
the Chancery, i.e., about 29 Sep. Sir Henry Maxwrell Lyte, who has specially inves- 
tigated these cases, writes: — " When the King ordered that certain new persons should 
be summoned shortly after the issue of the main set of writs, the clerks in the Chancery 
did not always take the trouble of making a separate record with the real date, but 
often contented themselves with adding the new names at the end of the list of persons 
originally summoned." V.G. 

if) This Sir Thomas was nephew and h. of John, Lord Cheney (1487-99), 
being s. and h. of William C, Constable of Queenborough Castle, next br. to the 
said John. John Cheney, 1st s., by his 1st wife, of this Sir Thomas Cheney, d. s.p., 
being slain at Mutterd. 

('') In Dugdale's Summonses it is stated, in two fabricated lists of the men sum. 
to the Paris, which first met on 15 Feb. (1587) 29 Eliz., and 4 Feb. (1589) 31 Eliz., 
that writs were addressed " Thomee Cheney de Todington, Chl'r." There are so many 
errors and fictions in that work that its authority is now totally discredited. See 
Introduction to vol. ii, ante. V.G. 



CHEYNE 193 

Queen of Scots. (^) He w., before (probably long before) 1581, Joan, 7th 
da. of Thomas (Wentworth), ist Lord Wentworth, by Margaret, da. 
of Sir Adrian Fortescue. He d. 5.p.m.,(^) and was bur. 3 Sep. 1587, at 
Toddington, when his honours became extinct'. Inq. p. m., Deptford Strand, 
19 June 1589. His widow, to whom he had devised his estates, d. 16, 
and was bur, 17 Apr. 16 14, in the Cheney Chapel at Toddington. ("=) 

CHEYNE 

i.e. "Cheyne," Barony [S.] {Cheyne), cr. 1681 with the Viscountcy of 
Newhaven or " Cheyne of Newhaven " [S.], which see; extinct 1738. 

CHICHE 

See " Darcy of Chiche, co. Essex," Barony (Darcy), cr. 1551; extinct 
1639- 

i.e. "Darcy of Chiche, co. Essex," Barony (Savage), granted in rever- 
sion, 8 Oct. 1613; took effect, 1639, extinct 1728; See "Rivers," 
Earldom of, cr. 1626, under the 2nd Earl. 

CHICHESTER (City of) 

[" The Title of Earl of Chichester (as well as that of Arundel) is fre- 
quently found given in early Charters to the Earls of Sussex, not as a title 
of dignity, but from their having been possessed of the castle and city of 
Chichester, the former of which was, however, demolished at a very early 
period." [Courthope). Roger de Montgomery (the Comes Rogerus of the 
Domesday Survey), generally known as Earl of Shrewsbury, who was also 
Earl of Arundel (or Sussex), is occasionally styled Ecirl of Chichester; 
William d'Aubigny, Earl of Arundel (or Sussex) is before 1150, likewise 
so styled,('^) the chief residence or stronghold of the Earl giving, in these 
early times, the title to the Earldom.] 

EARLDOM. I. Francis Leigh, s. and h. of Sir Francis L., K.B., 

by Mary, da. of Thomas (Egerton), Viscount Brackley, 

I. 1644. better known as Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, sue. his 

father in the estate of Newnham Regis, i^c, co. Warwick. 

He was knighted at Newmarket, Jan. 1612/3. M. P. for Warwick, 1625-26. 

After his 2nd marriage his advance was rapid. He was cr. a Baronet, 

C) See note sub Henry, Earl of Derby [1572]. 

('') His only child, Frances, m. Nicholas Crispe. 

if) She left the estate of Toddington to her great-nephew, Thomas, 4th Lord 
Wentworth, who, in 1625, was cr. Earl of Cleveland. His granddaughter and heir, 
Henrietta, mo jure Baroness Wentworth, the mistress of the ill-fated Duke of Mon- 
mouth, resided habitually at Toddington, where she was buried in 1686. 

{^) See vol. i, p. 234, and p. 235, note "a." 

25 



194 CHICHESTER 

24 Dec. 161 8, and on 31 July 1628, was cr. BARON DUNSMORE, co. 

Warwick, with rem., failing the heirs male of his body, to " John Anderson 
of Hardwick, co. HuntingdonjC') grandson {nepos) and h. male of 
Edmund Anderson, Knt., late Ch. Justice of the Common Bench, and 
eldest s. of Audrey (now wife of Francis Leigh and formerly wife of 
Francis Anderson, Knt.), and to the heirs male of his body." He was 
one of the Commissioners to treat with the Scots at Ripon, Sep. i640;('') 
P.C. 8 Aug. 1 641; Col. of a regt. of Horse, ex parte Regis, 1643; Capt. 
of the band of Gent. Pensioners 1 644-46. On 3 June 1 644, he was cr. 
" EARL OF CHICHESTER, co. Sussex," for life, " with rem. to Thomas, 
Earl of Southampton and the heirs male of his body by Elizabeth, da. of 
the said Francis; rem. to the heirs male of the body of the said Elizabeth. "(■=) 
In Jan. 1645 he was one of the King's Commissioners at the conference at 
Uxbridge. His estates, worth /^3,ooo a year, were sequestrated, but 
released for a fine of ;^2,854. He m., istly, 31 July 161 7, at St. 
Dunstan's, Stepney, Susan Banning, of St. Gabriel's, Fenchurch, London, 
widow, da. and h. of Richard Northam. She d. s.p. He w., 2ndly, in 
1 617 or early in 161 8, Audrey, widow of Sir Francis Anderson 
(who d. 22 Dec. 16 16), sister and coh. of William (Boteler), Lord 
BoTELER of Brantfield, and ist da. of John, ist Lord Boteler, by 
Elizabeth, da. of Sir George Villiers, and sister of the celebrated favourite, 
George, Duke OF Buckingham. She d. 16 Sep. 1652. He ^. s.p.m., at 
Apscourt, Surrey, 2 1 Dec. 1653, and was bur. at Newnham, when the 
Barony of Dunsmore became ^x//«c/.('^) Will dat. 2 Sep. 1652, pr. 22 June 
1654. 

II. 1653 2. Thomas (Wriothesley), Earl of Southampton 

to and Earl of Chichester, son-in-law, and heir to the 

1667. Earldom of Chichester in 1653, under the spec. rem. in 

its creation, having previously inherited, from his father, 
the Earldom of Southampton, 10 Nov. 1625. He w., 2ndly, in or shortly 
after 1641, Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Francis (Leigh), Earl of Chich- 
ester, by Audrey, his wife, abovenamed. He d. s.p.m.s., 16 IVIay 1667, 
when all his honours became extinct. See fuller account under "Southamp- 
ton," Earldom of, cr. 1537 ; extinct 1667. 



(^) This Sir John Anderson, of St. Ives, co. Hunts, d. unm. (before the 
grantee) 1630. 

C') For a list of the 16 "popular" noblemen who formed this Commission, see 
note sub Robert, Earl of Essex [1604]. 

if) For somewhat similar remainders see vol. ii, p. 5I5> ^1°*^ "b." 

{^) A tabular account of the descendants of his two daughters, the Countess of 
Southampton, and the Viscountess Grandison [I.], and some further particulars about 
him are given in R. E. Chester Waters' valuable work. The Chesters ofChkheley, p. 144, 
fcfc. Lord Clarendon describes him as "a man of a rough and tempestuous nature, 
. . . without judgment or temper . . . however he had some kind of power with fro- 
ward and discontented men." [Hist, of the Rebellion, vol. vi, p. 391). 



CHICHESTER 195 



III. 1675. I. Charles FiTzRoYji/jy/fd' Earl OF South- 

ampton (being s. and h. ap. of Barbara, suo jure 
Duchess of Cleveland, Countess of Southampton, ^ffc), was, on 
10 Sep. 1675, "'■ BARON OF NEWBURY, co. Berks, EARL 
OF CHICHESTER (") and DUKE OF SOUTHAMPTON. 
By the death of his mother, 9 Oct. 1709, he became Duke of 
Cleveland, &c. He d. 9 Sep. 1730, aged 58. 

IV. 1730 2. William (FitzRoy), Duke of Cleve- 

to land, Duke of Southampton, Earl of South- 

1774. AMPTON, Earl of Chichester, fsfc, ist s. and 

h. He d. s.p., 18 May 1774, aged 76, when 
all his honours became extinct. 



ON 

o 



O 

t- 
w 

<: 

5- > 



en 

n 

n 



n o 



o c 



V. 1801. I. Thomas Pelham, s. and h. of Thomas P., of 

Stanmer, Sussex, sometime a merchant at Constantinople, 
by Annetta,da. of Thomas Bridges, also of Constantinople, which last named 
Thomas P. was 3rd s. (but the only s. that had issue) of Henry Pelham, 
Clerk of the Pells, yr. br. of Thomas, ist Baron Pelham of Laughton, 
who was father of Thomas (Pelham), ist Duke of Newcastle, the well- 
known statesman. He was b. 28 Feb. 1727/8; M.P. (Whig) for Rye, 
^749"54>C') ^'^^ Sussex, 1754-68; Commissioner of Trade, 1754-61; a 
Lord of the Admiralty, 1761-62; Comptroller of the Household, 1765-74; 
P.C. 6 Sep. 1765. On 17 Nov. 1768, by the death, s.p., of his cousin, 
Thomas, Duke of Newcastle, abovenamed, he became the head of his 
family, and sue, as such, to a Baronetcy {cr. 22 May 161 1), and as 
BARON PELHAM OF STANMER, co. Sussex, the said Duke having 
been so cr. 4 May 1762, with a spec. rem. (failing his issue male) to 
him. Surveyor Gen. of Customs of London, 1773-1805; Chief Justice 
in Eyre, North of Trent, 1774-75; Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, 1775- 
82.('=) On 23 June 1 801, he was cr. EARL OF CHICHESTER. He 
m., 15 June 1754, at Mortlake, Surrey, Anne, da. and h. of Frederick 
Meinhart Frankland, by Elizabeth (widow of Adam Cardonnel), his ist 
wife, which Frederick was 3rd s. of Sir Thomas Frankland, 2nd Bart. He 
d. 8 Jan. 1805, at Stanmer, and was bur. at Laughton, Sussex, in his 77th 
year. Will pr. Feb. i8o5.('^) His widow d. suddenly, 5 Mar. 18 13, 
at Mailing, Sussex, in her 79th year. Will pr. June 18 13. 

(^) The fact of an Earldom of Chichester having been previously held with an 
Earldom of Southampton, seems to have suggested their being again united. 

(^) As a peer he supported Lord North's administration and the Coalition 
Govt, of 1783, and acted with the Whigs from that time till 1794, after which date 
he supported Pitt, on whose recommendation he obtained his Earldom. V.G. 

(■=) He was the last holder of this office, which was abolished by Act of Pari, 
in 1782. V.G. 

{^) His character as given by Horace Walpole in 1 751, is, "Seems very good 
humoured, but he is nothing but complexion." G.E.C. In 1789 his chief seats are 
given as Stanmer, Halland, Bishopstone, and Ifield, in Sussex. V.G. 



196 



CHICHESTER 



VI. 1805. 2, Thomas (Pelham), Earl OF Chichester, &'c., 1st 

s. and h., b. in Spring Gardens 28 Apr., and hap. 26 May 
1 756, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. Ed. at Westm. school and at Clare Hall, 
Cambridge, M.A., 1775; M.P. C) for Sussex, in several Paris., 1780 to 
1 801; and for Carrick-on-Shannon [I.], 1783-90; for Clogher [I.], 1795-97; 
and for Armagh [I.], 1797-99, being elected also for Naas [I.] 1797. 
Surveyor Gen. of the Ordnance, 1782-83; Chief Sec. to the Lord Lieut, 
of Ireland 1783-84, and again, 1795-98; P. C. [I.] 13 Sep. 1783; P.C. [G.B.] 
II Mar. 1795. Sec. of State for Ireland, 1796-97. F.R.S. 24 Apr. 1800. 
In June 1801, on his father's elevation to an Earldom, he was sum. to the 
House of Lords, in his father's Barony, as LORD PELHAM OF 
STANMER.C") Commissioner of the Board of Control for India, 
1801. Sec. of State for the Home Department, i 801-03 ;('^) Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1 803-04; Capt. of the Yeomen of the Guard for 
a few weeks, in June 1804; Joint Postmaster G&w.., 1 807-23. ('^) At the 
Coronation, in July 1821, he was assistant Carver. Postmaster Gen., 
1823-26. Pres. of the Royal Institution 1825 till his death. He »?., 
16 July 1 801, at Lambeth Palace, Mary Henrietta Juliana, ist da. of 
Francis Godolphin (Osborne), 5th Duke of Leeds, by his ist wife, Amelia, 
suo jure Baroness Conyers. He d. 4 July 1826, aged 70, in Stratton 
Str.(^) Will pr. Oct. 1826. His widow, who was b. in Grosvenor Sq., 
Midx., 7 Sep. 1776, 1^. 21 Oct. 1862, in Grosvenor Place, Midx., aged 86. 

VII. 1826. 3. Henry Thomas (Pelham), Earl of Chichester, 

^c, 2nd but 1st surv. s. and h., ^.25 Aug. 1804, in 
Stratton Str., Piccadilly, Midx. Ed. at Westm. school, and at Trin. Coll. 
Cambridge. An officer in the Royal Horse Guards, 1824-44; Major in the 
Army, 1841. Ecclesiastical Commissioner, 1841 till his death; Pres. 
of the Roy. Agric. Soc. 1849; Chief Commissioner for Ecclesiastical 
estates, 1850-78 ; Lord Lieut, of Sussex, 1860-86. A Liberal. Hew., 

('') He was a Whig until 1794, when he (and his father) joined Pitt; after which 
he was a Tory for the rest of his hfe. V.G. 

(^) For a list of eldest sons of peers sum. to Pari. v.p. in one of their father's 
peerages, see vol. i, Appendix G. 

[f) For a list of Secretaries of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

{^) On the death of his colleague, the Marquess of Salisbury, in 1823, the custom 
of having two Joint Postmasters Gen. (which had obtained, with few and brief inter- 
missions, since 1 691) ceased, and has not since been revived. V.G. 

if) " As Commander of the Sussex Militia, Lieut. Col. Pelham, by the urbanity 
of his manners, and his strict attention to the duties and discipline of the Regiment, 
attracted and retained the regard of the leading families of the County." [Ann. Reg. 
for 1826). A highly favourable notice of him as "a man of rank, abilities, dignified 
mind and generous sentiments" and "of unsuspected integrity" is given in A Review 
of the Irish House of Commons by the Rev. John R. Scott, a Whig writer; and it is 
there added that "he had the honour of being supported, when Secretary, by that 
truly respectable body of men the Independent country gentlemen of Ireland, who so 
seldom think themselves justified in co-operating with administration." 



CHICHESTER 197 

18 Aug. 1828, at St. Mary's, Bryanston Sq., Marylebone, Mary, 5th da. of 
Robert (Brudenell), 6th Earl of Cardigan, by Penelope Anne, da. of 
George John Cooke. She, who was b. 4 July 1806, d. 22 May 1867, at 
29 Hill Str. Admon. 23 July 1867, under /^6oo, resworn Jan. 1876 under 
;^2,ooo. He d. 16 Mar. 1886, at Stanmer Park, in his 82nd year.(^) 

VIII. 1886. 4. Walter John (Pelham), Earl of Chichester 

[1801], and Baron Pelham of Stanmer [1762], also a 
Baronet [1611], s. and h., b. 22 Sep. 1838, at Stanmer; ed. at Harrow 
school, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 1859. M.P. (Liberal) for 
Lewes, i865-74.('') He m., 18 June 1 861, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Elizabeth 
Mary, only da. and h. of the Hon. Sir John Duncan Bligh, K.C.B., by 
his 1st wife, Elizabeth Mary, da. of Thomas Gisborne, which Sir John 
was 2nd s. of John, 4th Earl of Darnley [I.]. He d. s.p., at Stanmer, 
28, and was bur. there 31 May 1902, aged 63. Will pr. Nov. 1902, 
under ;/[i5,ooo. His widow, who was b. 22 Mar. 1837, at Stockholm, d. 
at her residence, Enbrook, Sandgate, 8, and was bur. 12 Dec. 191 1, at 
Stanmer, aged nearly 74. He was sue. by his br. and h., Francis Godolphin 
Pelham {d. 21 Apr. 1905), who was sue. by his s. and h. Jocelyn Brudenell, 
both of whom are outside the scope of this work. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of i6^iT,2 acres in Sussex, 
worth ;{^ 1 3,650 a year. Principal Residence. — Stanmer Park, near Lewes, 
Sussex. 

CHICHESTER OF BELFAST AND CHICHESTER 
OF CARRICKFERGUS 

BARONY [I.] I. Arthur Chichester, 2nd s. of John C, of Raleigh 

in Pilton, co. Devon, by Gertrude, da. of Sir William 
I. 1613 Courtenay, of Powderham, in that CO., was i^. May 1563, 

to at Raleigh ; matric. at Oxford (Exeter Coll.), 1 5 Mar. 

1 624. 1583, being then aged 1 9 ; was Captain of H.M.S. " The 

Larke " against the Armada, in 1588; had a company 
in the expedition to Cadiz in 1596, where he was knighted, and having pre- 
viously, when young, served in Ireland, was in 1599 sent in command of 
troops to Carrickfergus, where he was of great assistance against the rebels, 
being appointed Governor thereof the same year; P.C. [I.] 19 Apr. 1603. 
Lord Deputy [I.] i Feb. 1604/5 ^'^ ~9 Nov. i6i5.('') On 23 Feb. 1 612/3 

(^) His religious character is referred to in The Times obituary notice of William, 
Marquess of Cholmondeley {d. 1884). See post, p. 206, note "a." 

(*) He abstained from voting on the Home Rule Bill of 1893. V.G. 

("=) On his relinquishing this office, he received a Royal declaration stating 
" you may rest assured that you do leave that place with our very good grace and 
acceptation of your services." He appears to have been a successful Governor for 
above 1 1 years, though not sufficiently zealous in enforcing the penal laws against the 
Roman Catholics, to please the Court. 



198 CHICHESTER 

he was cr. BARON CHICHESTER OF BELFAST,^ co. Antrim [1.]. 
Lord High Treasurer [I.], 13 July 1616 till his death. From 2 May- 
till Oct. 1622 he was on an Embassy to the Palatinate; P.C. [E.] 31 Dec. 
1622. He m., 8 Apr. 1605, Lettice, widow of Walter Vaughan, of 
Golden Grove, co. Carmarthen, and before that of John Lagharne, of 
St. Bride's, co. Pembroke, da. of Sir John Perrot, Lord Deputy 
of Ireland 1584-88, by Jane (widow of Lewis Pollard), da. of Hugh 
Prust, of Devon. She d. 27 Nov. 1620, and was bur. 10 Jan. 
1620/1, at Carrickfergus. Fun. Entry. He d. in London, s.p.m.s.,{^) 
19 Feb. 1624/5, ^g^d 61, and was bur. 25 Oct. 1625, in St. Nicholas 
church at Carrickfergus, when his Peerage became extinct. M.I.('') "Will 
dat. 29 Oct. 1 62 1 (desiring to be bur. by his late wife at "Kmckfergus"'), 
pr. 21 May 1625. Fun. Entry. 



II. 1625. I. Sir Edward Chichester, next br. and h., ^. 

about 1568. He sue. to the family estates, and, to 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] perpetuate his brother's memory,("^) was, on i Apr. 
. , 1625, cr. BARON CHICHESTER OF BELFAST 

^- ^^^~5- AND VISCOUNT CHICHESTER OF CAR- 

RICKFERGUS, both in CO. Antrim [I.], "the late 
King [James I] having assented." He had previously, 18 July 161 6, been 
knighted at Theobalds. Gov.of Carrickfergus, Admiral of Loughneagh,Gov. 
of Culmore, and P.C. [I.] 1625. Joint Commissioner of the Treasury [I.], 
1632. Took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 14 July 1634. Was 
in command of a regt., 1641, on behalf of the King. He m., 
istly, 4 July 1605, Anne, da. and h. of John Coplestone, of Egges- 
ford, CO. Devon, by Dorothy, da. of Sir George Biston, of Biston, 
CO. Chester. She, who was aged 1 8 in Nov. 1 606, d. 8 Mar. 1 6 1 6, and 
was bur. at Eggesford. He m., 2ndly, Mary, widow of Othwell Hill, 
da. of ( — ) Denham, of Wortham, Devon, but by her had no issue. 
She d. 2 Feb. 1638/9, at Belfast, and was bur. at Carrickfergus. Fun. 

(") He was the first Baron created, and the third person advanced to the Irish 
Peerage by James I. The preamble of his creation is given in Lodge, vol. i, p. 323. 
Sir Rory O'Donell had, previously, been cr. (in 1603) Ear/ of Tyrconnel, and 
Sir Theobald Butler (also in 1603), Viscount Butler of Tulleophelim. 

1^) His only s., Arthur, b. 22 Sep., bap. 2 and d. v.p. 30 Oct. 1606, was bur. at 
Christ Church, Dublin. Fun. Entry. 

{^) This is of considerable length, and is printed in Lodge, vol. i, p. 326. The 
verses, at the end, begin as under: 

"Within this bedd of death a Viceroy lies, 
Whose fame shall ever live; virtue ne'er dies; 
For he did virtue and religion nourish. 
And made this province, rude, with peace to flourish." 

if) See the preamble in Lodge, vol. i, p. 328. 



CHICHESTER 



199 



Ent. He d. 8 July 1648, and was bur., with his ist wife, at Eggesford. 
M.I.O Admon. 27 Sep. 1648. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.]\ 
II. 

BARONY [I.] 
III. 



2. Arthur (Chichester), Earl of Done- 
gall (so cr. 1647), Viscount Chichester of 
Carrickfergus, and Baron Chichester of 
^648. Belfast [I.], s. and h. by ist wife, who in his 
father's lifetime had, 30 Mar. 1647, been cr. 
Earl OF Donegall. See "Donegall," Earl- 
dom of [I.], cr. 1647. 



CHINKANG-FOO 

i.e. "Gough of Chink.ang-foo, in China, &'c." Barony (J2ough\ cr. 
1846; see "Gough of Goojerat," Viscountcy, cr. 1849. 

CHIPPING see also CHEPPING 



CHIPPING-WYCOMBE 

i.e. "Lord Wycombe, Baron of Chipping- Wycombe,('') co. Bucking- 
ham" (Fitzmaurice-Petty), Barony, cr. 1760. See "Shelburne," Earldom 
of [I.], cr. i']S2)i under the ist Earl. 

i.e. "Earl Wycombe of Chipping- Wycombe,('') co. Buckingham" 
{Fitzmaurice-Petty), Earldom, cr. 1784 with the Marquessate of Lans- 
DowNE, which see. 

CHIRBURY 

See "Herbert of Chirbury, co. Salop," Barony (Herbert), cr. 1629; 
extinct 1691. 

See "Herbert of Chirbury, co. Salop," Barony (Herbert), cr. 1694; 
extinct 1738. 

{^) "A noble monument prepared by himself, but finished by his son " (the Earl 
ot Donegall), who in the concluding lines thus (poetically?) commemorates his uncle's, 
his father's and his own peerages, viz.: 

"Fam'd Arthur — Ireland's dread in arms; in peace 
Her tut'lar genius — Be/fast's honours won; 
Edward and Anne — blest pair! begot increase 

Of lands and honours. Viscount was grafted on; 
Next, Arthur, in God's cause and King's, stak'd all. 
And had, to's honour, added Donegall." 
He was " well accomplished both for war and peace, and very serviceable in the wars 
of Ireland." 

C') Spelt " Cheping Wycombe " in the patent. 



200 CHIRBURY 

i.e. "Herbert of Chirbury, co. Salop," Barony (^Herbert), cr. 1743; 
as also "Herbert of Chirbury and of Ludlow, co. Salop" (^Herbert), 
Barony (this last being with a spec, rem.) cr. 1749; see "Powis," Earldom 
of, cr. 1748; all such honours becoming extinct in 1801. 

i.e. "Herbert of Chirbury, co. Salop," Barony (Clive), cr. 1804, with 
the Earldom of Powis, which see. 

CHIRK 

See "Mortimer (of Chirk)" (Mortimer), Barony by writ, as Mortimer 
(only) 1299 to 1306, and as Mortimer "of Chirck," 1307 to 1321. 

CHISLEHURST 

i.e. "Sydney of Chislehurst, co. Kent," Barony (Townshend'), cr. 
1783; see "Sydney of St. Leonards," Viscountcy, cr. 1789. 

CHOLMONDELEY 

CHOLMONDELEY OF KELLS AND 

CHOLMONDELEY OF WICHE-M ALB ANK 

otherwise NAMPTWICH 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Robert Cholmondeley, s. and h. of Sir 

T /- n Hugh C.jC) of Cholmondeley, co. Chester {d. 

23 July 1601), by Mary {d. 1625), da. and h. of 

BARONY TF 1 Christopher Holford, of Holford, in that co., was 

'- ■-' b. 26 June 1584, at Crouchend, Highgate, Midx.; 

L 1645 matric. at Oxford (Queen's Coll.), 24 Oct. 1600; 

to was, 29 June 161 1, cr.z Baronet, being the 36th of 

1659. that order from its institution. High Sheriff of 

Cheshire, 1621; M.P. for that co. 1625-26. On 

2 July 1628, he was cr. VISCOUNT CHOLMONDELEY OF KELLS, 

CO. Meath [I.J.C') Having greatly distinguished himself in the Royal 

cause by raising troops in Cheshire, in which county, in 1642, he was a 

Joint Commissioner of Array, he was, on i Sep. i645,('=) cr. BARON 

CHOLMONDELEY OF WICHEMALBANK, co. Chester [E.], and 

C) This Hugh was s. and h. of another Sir Hugh C. (who d. 1577-78), by his 
1st wife, Anne, da. and h. of George Dorman. V.G. 

C") For a list of creations and promotions in the Irish peerage at this date, see 
Appendix H to this volume. 

{^) In Creations, 1 483- 1 646, in App., 47th Rep. D.K. Pub. Records, this 
creation is given as I Sep. 1646 {following the creation of the Earldom of Leinster in 
Mar. 1645/6), but as the grantee is called (only) '■'■Viscount Cholmondeley in Ireland," 
and not Earl of Leinster, the date of the docquet is probably an error. There is no 
other authority for this creation; see vol. ii, p. 454, note " b," note sub Byron. 



CHOLMONDELEY 201 



on 5 Mar. 1645/6, cr. EARL OF LEINSTER [I.]. He was a Com- 
pounder to Pari, for the large sum of £j,-]^2. He m. Catherine, da. of 
John (Stanhope), ist Baron Stanhope of Harrington, by his 2nd wife, 
Margaret, da. and coh. of Henry MacWilliams. She ^. at Cholmondeley, 
15 June, and was l>ur. 3 July 1657, at Malpas. Admon. 18 Feb. 1657/8. 
He ^. s.p. legit.,(f) 2 Oct. 1659, aged 75, at Cholmondeley, when all his 
honours became extinct. Both were bur. in the chancel at Malpas. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Robert Cholmondeley, of Cholmondeley afsd., 
nephew and h. of the above, being s. and h. of Hugh 
II. 1661. C. (his next surv. br., who d. 11 Sep. 1655), by 

Mary, da. of Sir John Bodvile, of Bodvile Castle, 
CO. Carnarvon. On 2 Oct. 1659, by his uncle's (the Earl of Leinster's) 
death, he became the head of the family. On 29 Mar. 1661, he was 
cr. VISCOUNT CHOLMONDELEY OF KELLS, co. Meath [I.], 
and took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] by proxy 25 June following. 
He ;«. Elizabeth, 2nd da. and coh. of George Cradock, of Caverswall Castle, 
CO. Stafford, by Dorothy, da. of John Saunders, D.D., Provost of Oriel 
College, Oxford.C') He d. at his house near St. James's, 22 May, and was 
bur. 3 June 168 1, at Malpas. Will pr. Nov. 1681. His widow was bur. 
at Malpas 28 Feb. 1691/2. 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 2 and i. Hugh (Cholmondeley), Viscount 

,,. , Cholmondeley of Kells [I.], s. and h. Matric. at 

^^^- ^^^^- Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 8 May 1678, being then aged 16. 

■RAT? DTsl Y ^^ ^^^ one of the earliest to abandon the Royal cause, 

15AKU1N I. ^^^ j^ jggg ^^^g (j^^^ ^^^^^ Nobility and Principal 

II. 1689. Gentry in arms with the Prince of Orange."('=) He 

was soon rewarded by being cr., 10 Apr. 1689, 
EARLDOM. BARON CHOLMONDELEY OF WITCH 

, , MALBANK alias NAMPTWICH, co. Chester 

■ ^' ' [E.], with rem. failing his issue male, to George 

Cholmondeley, his next surv. br. He naturally did not sit in the 
Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May i689.C^) Lord Lieut, of N. Wales 
1702-13, and again 1714-25; Lord Lieut, of Cheshire 1704-13 and 
again 1714-25; P.C. 29 Mar. 1705. Governor of Chester 1705-13, and 
1 7 14 till his death. On 29 Dec. 1706, he was rr. VISCOUNT MALPAS 
AND EARL OF CHOLMONDELEY, both in co. Chester, with a 

C) He settled the estate of Holford, which came from his mother, on Thomas 
Cholmondeley, his illegit. son, who d. there 6 Jan. 1667, leaving issue. See Lodge, 
vol. V, p. 65, for an account of this line. 

C") See Grazebrook's Fisitations of Stafford, 1614 and 1664, p. 100, note. 

(') For a list of these, see vol. ii, Appendix H. 

C) For a list of the peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D 
to this volume. 

26 



202 CHOLMONDELEY 

similar spec. rem. to that of the Barony of 1689. Comptroller of the 
Household (Whig), May to Oct. 1708; Treasurer of the Household 1708- 
13, and again 1714-25. He d. unm., 18, and was bur. 30 Jan. 1724/5, at 
Malpas.(^) "Will pr. Feb. 1724/5. 



EARLDOM. 
II. 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
IV. 

BARONY. 
III. 



1725. 



2, 3, and 2. George (Cholmondeley), 
Earl Cholmondeley, Viscount Malpas, 
Baron Cholmondeley of Namptwich, and 
Baron Newburgh; also Viscount Chol- 
mondeley of Kells and Baron Newborough 
[I.], next surv. br. and h., who sue. to his 
father's Viscountcy [I.], as also, under the 
spec, rem., to the Earldom, Viscountcy, and 
Barony [E.], conferred on his brother above- 
named. He was h. about 1666; was ed. at 
Westm. school; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 2 Sep. 1680; adm. to the Inner 
Temple 1680. Like his brother he espoused the cause of the Prince of 
Orange, joining in 1688 the northern rebels, having been (1686) Capt. of 
the Queen Consort's regt. of Horse. Lieut. Col. ist troop of Horse 
Guards, 1689, being in command at the battle of the Boyne, and distin- 
guishing himself (1692) at Steinkirk. Groom of the Bedchamber, 1691-1702. 
M.P. (Tory), for Newton, 1 690-95. C') Col. ist troop of Horse Gren. 
Guards 1693-17 15. D.C.L., Oxford, 9 Nov. 1695. Brig. Gen. 1697; 
Major Gen., and Gov. of the forts of Tilbury and Gravesend 1702-25, and 
in 1704, Lieut. Gen. Col. of the 3rd troop of Horse Guards, 171 5 till 
his death; Gen. of the Horse 1727. P.C. 21 May 1706. F.R.S. 9 June 
17 1 5. On 12 Apr. 171 5, he was cr. BARON NEWBOROUGH OF 
NEWBOROUGH.C) co. Wexford [I.], and (within 15 months) was cr., 
10 July 1716, BARON NEWBURGH in the Isle of Anglesey [G.B.]. 
After his succession to his brother's peerages he was made Lord Lieut, 
and Vice Admiral of Cheshire, and Lord Lieut, of North Wales, 1725-33. 
Gov. of Hull 1725-32; Gov. of Guernsey Oct. 1732 till his death. He 
»/., about 1 701, Elisabeth, da. of ( — ) van Ruytenburg, Governor of 
Sas van Ghent, by Anna Elisabeth, 5th and yst. da. of Louis de Nassau, 
Herr van der Leck. and Beverwaerde. She, who was b. at the 
Hague, and naturalised by Act of Parliament, 21 Jan. 1703/4, d. 
at Whitehall, 16, and was bur. 27 Jan. 172 1/2, at Malpas. Admon. as 



(^) Bishop Burnet's character of him (1704) with Dean Swift's remarks thereon, 
in italics, is, "This Lord is a great lover of country sports; is handsome in his person. 
Good for nothing, as far as ever I know" 

(*■) This was a Tory borough, and he sat with a Tory colleague, but he must 
have changed his politics in Anne's reign to have got a peerage from George I, and in 
the H. of Lords he acted with the Whigs, though strongly opposed to Walpole. V.G. 

(') This was the first Irish peerage conferred by George I. The preamble is 
given in Lodge, vol. v, p. 68. 



CHOLMONDELEY 



203 



"Lady Newburgh," 13 Sep. 1723. He d. at Whitehall, 7, and was bur. 
ij May 1733, at Malpas. Will pr. May 1733. 



EARLDOM 

in. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
V. 

BARONY. 
IV. 



3, 4, and 3. George (Cholmondeley), 
Earl of Cholmondeley, fe'c, also Viscount 
Cholmondeley ofKells, Cffc. [I.],2nd('') but 
1st surv. s. and h., b. 2 Jan. 1702/3. M.P. 
1733. (Whig) for East Looe, 1724-27; for Wind- 
sor, 1727-33; Gov. of Chester, 1725-70. 
K.B. (under the style of Viscount Malpas), 
27 May 1725, on the revival of that order. 
Master of the Robes, 1726-27; a Lord 
of the Admiralty, 1727-29; Master of the 
Horse to the Prince of Wales, 1728-35; Lord Lieut, and Vice Admiral 
of Cheshire 1733 till his death; Lord Lieut, of North Wales (except 
Denbigh), 1733-61; a Lord of the Treasury, 1735-36; Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, 1736-43; Chamberlain of Cheshire, 1736 till his death; 
P.C. 21 May 1736; Lord Lieut, of Montgomeryshire, 1737-61; Lord 
Privy Seal, Dec. 1743 to Dec. I744;('') Joint Vice Treasurer [I.] 1744-57. 
He was also Col. in the Army, 1745; Maj. Gen. 1755; Lieut. Gen. I759.(') 
He 7w., 14 Sep. 1723, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Mary, da. of Robert 
(Walpole), 1st Earl of Orford, by his ist wife, Catherine, da. of John 
Shorter. She (whose issue, in 1797, on the death of her brother Horace, 
the 4th Earl, became her father's representatives) d. 1 Jan. 173 1/2, at Aix 
in Provence, aged 26, and was bur. at Malpas, 25 Apr. 1732. He d. 10, 
and was bur. 21 June 1770, at Malpas, aged 67. C*) Will pr. June 1770. 



[George Cholmondeley, ^A'/^^/Viscount Malpas, s. and h. ap., b. 1 7 Oct. 
1 724, in the par. of St. Geo., Han. Sq. M.P. (Whig) for Bramber, 1 754-6 1 ; 
for Corfe Castle, 1761-64. A volunteer at the battle of Fontenoy, and be- 
came eventually Lieut. Col. of the 65th Regt. He also held a command 
against the Rising in 1745. He w., 19 Jan. 1746/7, Hester, da. and h. of Sir 
Francis Edwardes, 3rd Bart., of "The College," Shrewsbury, by his 2nd 
wife, Hester,('') da. and coh. of John Lacon, of West Coppies, Salop. He 
d. v.p., of inflammation of the bowels, 15, and was bur. 27 Mar. 1764, at 
Malpas, aged 39. Admon. 10 Apr. 1764 to a creditor. His widow d. at 



(') An elder brother, James, d. v.p., an infant. V.G. 

('') For this and other great offices of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

if) There seems to be no warrant for Doyle's statement that he was a Lord of 
the Bedchamber in 1753. V.G. 

('^) " A vain empty man, shoved up so high by his father-in-law, Sir Robert 
Walpole, and fallen into contempt and obscurity by his own extravagance and 
insufficiency." (Horace Walpole). V.G. 

(*) She, as Dame Hester Edwardes, widow, d. at Hampton Court Palace, 
10 Apr. 1805, at the great age of 98. 



204 CHOLMONDELEY 

Hampton Court Palace, in her 67th year, 3, and was bur. 14 Sep. 1794, 
at Malpas. Will dated 26 June, pr. 19 Nov. 1794.] 



EARLDOM 
IV. 



VISCOUNTCY [1.] 
VI. 

BARONY. 
V. 



4, 5, 4, and I. George James (Chol- 
mondeley), Earl of Cholmondeley, &"€., 
also Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells, 
i^c. [I.], grandson and h., being only s. and h. 
■ 1770. of George Cholmondeley, ^^ry/ed' Viscount 
Malpas, by Hester, his wife abovenamed. 
He was b. 11 May 1749, at Hardingstone, 
Northants. Lord Lieut, of Cheshire, 1770- 
83; Chamberlain of Cheshire, 1770 till his 
death; Col. in the Army, during service, 

MARQUESSATE. ' 779 ; Envoy to Berlin June to Sep^ 1782; 

Capt. or the Yeomen or the Guard, Apr. to 
I. 1815. Dec. 1783; P.C. 14 Apr. 1783; Cham- 

berlain to the Prince of Wales, 1 795-1 800; 
Lord Steward of the Household, 18 12-21. On 22 Nov. 18 15 he was cr. 
EARL OF ROCKSAVAGE, co. Chester,^ and MARQUESS OF 
CHOLMONDELEY. G.C.H. (Civil), 18 19; K.G. 22 July 1822. He 
m.y 25 Apr. 1791, in Berkeley Sq., Georgiana Charlotte, 2nd and yst. da. of 
Peregrine (Bertie), 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, by his 2nd wife, 
Mary, da. of Thomas Panton, which Georgiana was sister, and coh. as to 
the Barony of Willoughby (of Eresby) and the office of Great Chamberlain 
OF EnglanDjC") of Robert, 4th Duke, who d. unm., 8 July 1779. This 
latter office, by decision of the House of Lords in 178 1, was held to be 
vested in \\tr jointly with her elder sister. He d. 10 Apr. 1827, at his 
house in Piccadilly, Midx., aged nearly 78, and was bur. at Malpas.('=) Will 
pr. June 1827. His widow, who was b. 7 Aug. 1764, d. 23 June 1838, 
at Carlton House Terrace, Midx., aged nearly 74. Will pr. July 1838. 

(^) "Rock Savage" was the name given by Sir John Savage, of Clifton, near 
Frodsham, co. Chester (who d. 1597), to "a magnificent mansion" (dilapidated before 
1800), which he built near the old Hall. On the extinction of his issue male in 1728, 
by the death of John (Savage), 5th and last Earl Rivers, the property passed (not long 
afterwards) to the Hon. James Cholmondeley (and s. of the 2nd Earl Cholmondeley), 
in right of his wife Penelope, da. of James (Barry), 4th Earl of Barrymore [I.], and 
only child of her mother, the Earl's second wife, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Richard 
(Savage), 4th Earl Rivers. The Lady Penelope Cholmondeley was divorced in 1736, 
and her husband d. s.p. legit., 13 Oct. 1775, in his 68th year, when the estate, which 
in his wife's right he had acquired, passed to his own great-nephew, George James, 4th 
Earl of Cholmondeley. This same Earl, in 1797, became, in right of his mother, the 
heir, also, to Houghton, Norfolk, and the vast estates of his maternal grandfather, the 
celebrated Robert (Walpole), ist Earl of Orford. 

(*•) See as to this high office, vol. ii. Appendix D. 

("=) He appears, with a woman, in 1777, as "The Whimsical Lover and Miss 
D . . le," in the notorious tete-a-tete portraits in Town and Country Mag., vol. ix, p. 625. 
See Appendix B in the last vol. of this work. In The Royal Register, vol. iv, p. 49 



CHOLMONDELEY 205 

MARQUESSATE. 
II. 



EARLDOM. 
V. 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
VII. 

BARONY. 
VI. 



2, 5, 6, and 5. George Horatio (Chol- 
mondeley), Marquess of Cholmondeley, 
&'c., also Viscount Cholmondeley of 
Kells, i^c. [I.], s. and h., 1^. 16 Jan. 1792, 
in Paris, being then siyled V iscovnt Malpas; 
M.P. (Tory) for Castle Rising, under the 
1827. ^0"/^ of Earl of Rocksavage, 18 17-21. On 
5 Jan. 1822 he was sum. to the House of 
Lords in his father's Barony as LORD 
NEWBURGH, being introduced 5 Feb. 
following.^) P.C. 19 July 1830. On his 
mother's death in 1838, he sue. in her right 
as Joint Great Chamberlain of England, 
having previously, as her deputy, officiated as 
Great Chamberlain at the Coronation of William IV. Constable of 
Castle Rising 1858 till his death. He m., istly, 20 Oct. 1812, at Gibraltar, 
Caroline, 2nd da. of Lieut. Gen. Sir Colin Campbell. She, who was i. 
8 Jan. 1795, d. s.p. (as Viscountess Malpas), 12 Oct. 18 15, aged 20, at 
Cholmondeley House, Piccadilly, and was l?ur. at Malpas. He m., 2ndly, 
at her father's house in Grosvenor Sq., Midx., 11 May 1830, Susan 
Caroline, 4th da. of Henry Charles (Somerset), 6th Duke of Beaufort, 
by Charlotte Sophia, da. of Granville (Leveson-Gower), ist Marquess 
of Stafford. He d. s.p., 8 May 1870, after a long illness, in his 79th 
year, at Cholmondeley CastlcC") His widow, who was i>. 10 Apr. 
1804, d. 4 Feb. 1886, at Thornycroft House, Leatherhead, Surrey. Will 
pr. 31 Mar. 1886, at ^12,096. 



(1780), he is described as "a man who has lost the sense of moral rectitude, and has 
no bounds for his sensual indulgences but those which are prescribed by the terrors of 
the law, or the more yielding pandects of modern honour," and on p. 47 as " pursuing 
such conduct as, to become a bye-word for insane vices, to be the burthen of every 
dirty song, the theme of every scandalous chronicle." A pretended epitaph in The 
Abbey of Kilkhampton, by Sir Herbert Croft, 1780, p. 21, states that he "indulged the 
Sallies of ungoverned Licentiousness, without the Interruption of Reflection or Regret." 
A very unfavourable picture of him is given also in a gossipy book called The TVhig 
Club, 1794. His success in seducing various women is detailed, and he is stated to 
have made considerable profits from a faro bank, and at one time to have kept a public 
gaming-table in Paris. He was "an agreeable and fascinating man . . . extremely 
fond of luxury and display." The faro bank referred to was set up at Brooks's. It 
is said to have ruined half the town, but to have yielded him enormous gains. He 
was a Whig till about 1811, when he went over to the Tories, apparently following 
the lead of the Prince of Wales. V.G. 

(^) For a list of eldest sons of peers sum. to Pari. v.p. in one of their father's 
peerages, see vol. i, Appendix G. 

{'■) "If all Englishmen," said the ist Lord Tollemache, "were like Lord 
Cholmondeley, they would be religious and delightful men, but the French would 
soon come and take London." {ex inform. Bright Brown). V.G. 



2o6 

MARQUESSATE 

III. 



CHOLMONDELEY 



3, 6, 7, and 6. William Henry Hugh 
(Cholmondeley), Marquess of Cholmon- 
DELEY, &'c., also Viscount Cholmondeley 
OF Kells, &fc. [I.], br. and h., l>. 31 Mar. 
1800, in Piccadilly, Midx.; ed. at Eton 
matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 1 3 Nov. 1 8 1 8 
1870. M.P. (Tory) for Castle Rising, 1822-32 
and (after 20 years) for South Hampshire, 
1852-57. He m., 28 Feb. 1825, at Chol- 
mondeley House, Piccadilly, Marcia Emma 
Georgiana, da. of the Rt. Hon. Charles 
Arbuthnot, sometime Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, who i^. 18 Aug. 1850, 
aged 82. She, who was ip. 10 Oct. 1804, d. 
3 Nov. 1878, at I Hyde Park Str., Midx. He ^. 16 Dec. 1884, aged 84, 
at Houghton Hall, Norfolk, and was hir. in the cemetery of Kensal Green, 
Midx.Q 



EARLDOM. 
VL 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
VIIL 

BARONY. 
VIL 



MARQUESSATE. 
IV. 



4, 7, 8, and 7. George Henry Hugh 
(Cholmondeley), Marquess of Cholmon- 
deley [18 1 5], Earl of Cholmondeley 
[1706], Earl of Rocksavage [18 15], Vis- 
count Malpas [1706], Baron Cholmonde- 
ley OF Namptwich [1689], and Baron 
• 1884. Newburgh [1716]; also Viscount Chol- 
mondeley OF Kells [1661], and Baron 
Newborough [17 1 5], in the Peerage of 
Ireland; also Joint (hereditary) Great 
Chamberlain OF England; grandson and h., 
being only s. and h. of Charles George 
Cholmondeley, by Susan Caroline, da. of 
Sir George Dashwood, Bart., which Charles 
George was ist s. of the last Marquess, but d. 7 Dec. 1869, aged 40, the 
year before his father inherited the Peerage. He was l>. 3 July 1858, 
at Kirtlington Park, Oxon; acted as Great Chamberlain at the Corona- 
tion of Edward VII. P.C. 24 July 1901. A Conservative. He m., 
16 July 1879, ^^ St. Geo., Han. Sq., Winifred Ida, yst. da. of Lieut. Col. 



EARLDOM. 
VII. 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
IX. 

BARONY. 
VIII. 



(*) " Like his elder brother he was a generous supporter of most of those 
religious societies which have, or used to have, their home at Exeter Hall ; and his 
name was frequently to be seen side by side with those of Lord Shaftesbury and Lord 
Chichester among the lists of patrons of good and charitable works, especially such as 
were indorsed by the Evangelical party." {The Times Obituary). Of his eight 
children (of whom two sons had married and had issue), but two survived him, 
viz., his eldest da., Charlotte Georgiana, wife of the Rev. Edward Gladwin Arnold, 
and his 2nd da., then unm. 



CHOLMONDELEY 207 

Robert Nigel Fitzhardlnge Kincscote, C.B., of Kingscote, co. Gloucester, 
by Emily Marie, da. of Richard (Curzon), ist Earl Howe. She was b. 
24 Apr. 1862, at 34 Charles Str., Berkeley Sq. 

[George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley, styled Earl of Rock- 
savage, 1st s.(^) and h. ap., b. 19 May 1883, in Charles Str. afsd.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 16,992 acres in Cheshire, 
valued at /!29,2I3 a year; 16,995 '^^ Norfolk, at £1 1,960, and 4 in Devon 
at £,11 S- Total 33,991 acres, valued at /"4i,288 a year. The Houghton 
estate in Norfolk, 17,000 acres, was bought in tor ^"300,000 at an auction, 
22 July 1886. The Nantwich property was sold in Feb. 1895 ^°^ 
;{" 1 00,000. Principal Residence. — Cholmondeley Castle, near Nantwich, 
Cheshire. 

CHRISTCHURCH 

See "Lvoxs of Christchurch, co. Southampton," Barony {Lyons), cr. 
1856; Viscountcy, cr. 1881; both extinct 1887. 

CHUDLEIGH 

See "Clifford of Chudleigh, co. Devon," Barony (Clifford), cr. 1672. 

CHURCHILL OF EYEMOUTH 

BARONY [S.] "Col. John Churchill" was, on 21 Dec. 1682, cr. 

LORD CHURCHILL OF EYEMOUTH, co. Ber- 

I. 1682 wick [S.]. He was subsequently, in 1685, cr. BARON 

to CHURCHILL OF SANDRIDGE [U.K.], and finally, 

1722. 1702, Duke of Marlborough. See fuller particulars 

under that title. By his death, s.p.m.s., 16 June 1722, 

this Scottish Barony (alone of all his honours) became extinct. 

CHURCHILL OF SANDRIDGE 

BARONY. John (Churchill), Lord Churchill of Eyemouth 

[S.], was 14 May 1685, cr. BARON CHURCHILL OF 
I. 1685. SANDRIDGE, co. Hertford. On 9 Apr. 1689, he was 

cr. Earl of Marlborough, co. Wilts, and, on 14 Dec. 
1702, Marquess of Blandford and Duk.e of Marlborough. By statute, 
6 Anne, these honours [E.] were limited, failing heirs male of his body, to 
his daughters and their issue. See " Marlborough," Dukedom of, 
cr. 1702. 

(^) His br., George Hugo, m., 7 Mar. 1911, at the Registrar's office, Bucking- 
ham Palace Road, Clare Elizabeth, widow of John Alexander Stirling, of Kippen 
Davia, Dunblane {m. 1904), an actress, who returned to the stage in 1909, acting in 
the play "Our Miss Gibbs." V.G. 



2o8 CHURCHILL 

CHURCHILL OF WHICHWOOD 

BARONY. I. Lord Francis Almeric Spencer, 2nd s. of George 

(Spencer), Duke of Marlborough, by Caroline, da. of 

I. 1815. John (Russell), Duke OF Bedford, i". 26 Dec. 1779, and 

bap. 26 Jan. 1780, at St. Martin's-In-the-Fields; matric. 
at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 20 Feb. 1797, being cr. D.C.L., 15 June 1803; 
M.P. (Tory) for Oxon (in 4 parls.), 1801-15. He was, 11 Aug. 1815, cr. 
BARON CHURCHILL OF WHICHWOOD [WYCHWOOD], co. 
Oxford. F.R.S. 10 Dec. 1818. He ;«., 25 Nov. 1801, at Euston, Frances, 
da. of Augustus Henry (Fitzroy), 3rd Duke of Grafton, by his 2nd wife, 
Elizabeth, da. of Sir Richard Wrottesley, Bart. He d. at Brighton, 
10 Mar. 1845, aged 6^. Will dat. 20 Dec. 1844, pr. 26 Apr. 1845, under 
;^ 1 2,000. His widow, who was b. i June 1780, d. 7 Jan. 1866, at the 
Ranger's Lodge, near Charlbury, Oxon, aged 85. 

II. 1845. 2, Francis George (Spencer), Baron Churchill OF 

Whichwood, 1st s. and h., b. 6 Oct. 1802, at Blenheim, 
Oxon. Ed. at Harrow school; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 10 Apr. 1821, 
being cr. D.C.L., 11 June 1834; Attach^ at Vienna, 1823-28; at Lisbon, 
i828.(^) He w., 19 May 1849, "^^ Bifrons, Kent, Jane,('') ist da. of Francis 
Nathaniel (Conyngham), 2nd Marquess Conyngham [I.], by Jane, da. of 
Henry William (Paget), ist Marquess of Anglesey. He d. 24 Nov. 
1886, at 32 Albemarle Str., Midx., aged 84. Admon. 12 Aug. 1887, above 
;^9,900. His widow, who was b. i June 1826, in Gt. Stanhope Str., was 
Lady of the Bedchamber, 1854 till her death. V.A., 3rd Class. She d. 
suddenly, at Osborne, being found dead in her bed, 24, and was bur. 
29 Dec. 1900, at Finstock, Oxon.('') Will pr. gross, over ;^i2,ooo, net 
over ;^6,ooo. 

III. 1886. 3 and I. Victor Albert Francis Charles 

(Spencer), Baron Churchill of Whichwood, only 
VISCOUNTCY. s. and h., b. 23 Oct. 1 864, in Albemarle Str., the Queen 
I TQ02 being one of his sponsors. Page of Honour, 1876-81 ; 

" ' Lieut. Coldstream Guards. A Lord in Waiting 

(Conservative) 1889-92, and 1895-1905; K.C.V.O. 
24 May 1900; G.C.V.O. 19 Nov. 1902. He was cr., 14 July 1902, 
VISCOUNT CHURCHILL.C') Chairman of the G.W.R. 1908. He 

(') He was at first a Conservative, but followed Peel in his tergiversation about 
the Corn Laws, and afterwards became a Liberal. V.G. 

(^) "With many other attractions and accomplishments, Lady Churchill is a 
perfect horsewoman, and she was truly bonne a voir in those days on her favourite 
chestnut hack." (Sir Horace Rumbold's Recollections). V.G. 

(°) The shock of her death is supposed to have accelerated that of Queen 
Victoria. 

(^) This was one of the Coronation Peerages of Edward VII, for a list of which 
see vol. ii. Appendix F. 



CHURCHILL 209 

m., I Jan. 1887, at Cottesmore, Rutland, Verena Maud, 3rd and yst. da. of 
Henry (Lowther), 3rd Earl of Lonsdale, by Emily Susan, da. of 
St. George Francis Cavlfeild. She was ^. 6 Apr. 1865, at 21 Wilton 
Crescent, Midx. 

[Victor Alexander Spencer, 2nd but ist surv.('') s. and h. ap., i. 
at 6 Herbert Str., 2, and /^ap. 30 Aug. 1890, at the Chapel Royal, St. 
James's, Queen Victoria (who had been sponsor to his father) being (by 
proxy) one of his sponsors. He was a Page of Honour to Edward VII.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 5,352 acres in co. 
Oxford, valued at ^("6,329 a year, and 3,760 in Wilts, valued at ;^5,304. 
Total, 9,112 acres, valued at ^11,543 a year. Principal Resiliences. — Corn- 
bury Park, near Charlbury, Oxon, and West Lavington House, near Devizes, 
Wilts. Note. — The Oxfordshire estates were sold for ^115,000 in 1897 
to Mr. Du Cros, and re-sold in 1900 to Vernon James Watney, whose 
noble monograph on Combury and the Forest of Wychwood was privately 
printed in 19 10. 

CHURSTON OF CHURSTON FERRERS AND 

LUPTON 

BARONY. I. John Buller-Yarde-Buller, 2nd but ist surv. s. 

and h. of Sir Francis Buller-Yarde-Buller, 2nd Bart., 
I. 1858. by Elizabeth Lydia, da. and h. of John Halliday, of 

Dilhorne Hall, co. Stafford, which Sir Francis was only s. 
and h. of the well-known Judge (i 778-1 800), Sir Francis BuUer, of Lupton, 
Devon, who was cr. a Baronet 13 Jan. 1790. He was b. 12 Apr. 1799, at 
Dilhorne afsd.; matric. at Oxford (Oriel Coll.) 15 May 18 16, B.A. and 
2nd class in classics, 1819, M.A., 1822; being cr. D.C.L., 9 June 1853. 
He sue. his father in the Baronetcy and family estates, 17 Apr. 1833; and 
was M.P. (Conservative) for South Devon, 1835 till 1858. On 2 Aug. 
1858, he was cr. BARON CHURSTON OF CHURSTON FERRERS 
AND LUPTON, co. Devon.C') Special Dep. Warden of the Stannaries, 
1852. By royal lie, 28 Feb. i860, he discontinued for himself and his 
issue the name of Buller, before that of Tarde-Buller. He m., istly, 
24 June 1823, Elizabeth, sister of John, ist Baron Winmarleigh, da. of 
Thomas Wilson Patten, of Bank Hall, co. Lancaster, by Elizabeth, da. 
of Nathan Hyde. She d. 20 Feb. 1857, at Lupton, aged 58. He w., 

(^) His elder br., Victor Alexander, b. at Cottesmore Hall 18 Jan. 1888, d. the 
same day. 

C') Disraeli, in his Lord George Bentinck, cap. xvi, describing the gentlemen of 
England who refused to follow Peel in his conversion to Free Trade, refers to him as 
Peel's "choice and pattern country gentleman whom he had himself selected and 
invited but six years back to move a vote of want of confidence in the Whig Govern- 
ment." V.G. 

27 



2IO CHURSTON 

2ndly, i6 Apr. 1861, at Mamhead, Devon, Caroline, 3rd da. of Sir Robert 
"William Newman, ist Bart., by Mary Jane, da. of Richard Denne, of 
Winchelsea, Sussex. She d. s.p., 27 Nov. 1866, at 2 Upper Portland 
Place, Midx. He d. 4 Sep. 1871, in his 73rd year, at Lupton House, 
South Devon. Will pr. under ;^ 18,000. 

II. 1871. 2. John (Yarde-Buller), Baron Churston of 

Churston Ferrers and Lupton, grandson and h., being 
1st s. and h. of the Hon. John Yarde-Buller, by Charlotte, da. of Edward 
Sacheverell Chandos-Pole, of Radborne, co. Derby, which John was ist s. 
and h. ap. of the last Baron by his ist wife, but d. v.p., 6 May 1867, aged 
43. He was b. 26 Oct. 1846; Capt. Scots Fusilier Guards, 1869-71. 
A Conservative. He m., 23 Sep. 1872, at the Episcopal Church, Kilmar- 
nock, Barbara, only child of Admiral Sir Hastings Reginald Yelverton 
(formerly Henry), G.C.B., by Barbara, Dowager Marchioness of Hast- 
ings, suo jure Baroness Grey (of Ruthin). He d. of paralysis, at Lupton 
House, 30 Nov., and was bur. 3 Dec. 1910, at Churston, aged 64. "Will 
pr. Jan. 191 1, gross ;^i, 634, net ;^667, exclusive of settled landed estate in 
Cornwall and Devon, valued gross under ;(^ 180,000, net under ;/^ioo,ooo. 
His widow, who was b. ii Jan. 1849, at Efford House, Hants, was living 
1912. 

[John Reginald Lopes Yarde-Buller, ist s. and h. a.p., b. 9 Nov. 
1873, sometime Capt. Scots Guards; served in the S. African "War(*) 
1900-01 (medal with 4 clasps); A.D.C. to the "Viceroy of India 1902-03, 
and to H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught 1904-06. He m., 24 Apr. 1907, 
at the Registry, Kensington (the marriage being announced in the news- 
papers in Aug. following), Jessie, only da. of Alfred Smither, a servant 
at the Temple, by Jessie, da. of ( — ) Morison. She was an actress. C') 
Having sue. to the Peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the 
scope of this work.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 5,326 acres in Devon, 
valued at £6,2yj a year; 4,786 in Cornwall, at ;^4,225, and 791 in co. 
Stafford, at £,<)6l. Total 10,903 acres, valued at ;^i 1,464 a year. 
Principal Residences. — Lupton House (near Brixham) and Churston Fer- 
rers,('=) South Devon. 

(*) For a list of peers and h. ap. of peers serving in this war, see Appendix B 
to this volume. 

('') Her stage name was Denise Orme. She sang and played the violin at the 
Alhambra; she also played in "The Little Michus " at Daly's, and appeared at the 
Gaiety. For a list of peers who have m. actresses, singers, or dancers, see Appendix C 
in the last volume. V.G. 

("=) This estate came into the Buller family by the marriage (5 Dec. 1763) of 
Susanna, da. and h. of Francis Yarde, of Churston Ferrers, with Sir Francis Buller, 
the 1st Bart., grandfather of the 1st Peer. 



CLANBRASSILL 211 

CHUTON see CHEWTON 

CIAMHALTHA 

See "Bloomfield of Ciamhaltha, co. Tipperary," Barony (^Bloom- 
field), cr. 1 871; extinct 1879. 

CIRENCESTER 

i.e. "Cirencester, co. Gloucester," Barony {Bentinck), cr. 1689, with 
the Earldom of Portland, which see. 

CLANAWLEY see GLENAWLEY 

CLANBRASSILL 

EARLDOM [I.] I. James (Hamilton), Viscount Claneboye [I.], s. 
and h. of James, ist Viscount Claneboye [I.], by his 3rd 

I. 1647. wife, Jane, da. of Sir John Philipps, Bart., oi Picton, was 

M.P. for CO. Down 1634-35; sue. his father in 1644, and 
with him, suffered much in the Royal cause, raising a regt. of Foot 
and a troop of Horse, &c. He was cr., 7 June 1647 ('^he privy seal being 
dated at Oxford as long back as 4 Mar. 1644), EARL OF CLAN- 
BRASSILL,(*) CO. Armagh [I.]. In 1649 he submitted to the Common- 
wealth. On I Mar. 1654 he was a "Compounder" to the Government 
for ;£9,435. He m. (lie. from Bp. of London, 23 Sep. i64i,('') to marry 
at Rickmansworth, Herts, he being then aged 23, and a bachelor) Anne, ist 
da. of Henry (Carey), 2nd Earl of Monmouth, by Martha, da. of Lionel 
(Cranfield), Earl of Middlesex. He d. 20 June, and was bur. 29 July 
1659 (with great state), at Bangor, co. Down. Will dat. 8 June 1659, 
pr. 15 June 1661. His widow ?;?., in 1668, as his ist wife. Sir Robert 
Maxwell, 2nd Bart. [S. 1663], of Waringstown, co. Down, who d. s.p. 
1693. She d. 15 Jan. 1688/9. 

[James Hamilton, styled Viscount Claneboye, ist s. and h. ap., b. 
7 Sep. 1642, d. unm., 8 May 1658, v.p., and was bur. at Rickmansworth, 
Herts, aged 15. M.I.] 

II. 1659 2. Henry (Hamilton), Earl of Clanbrassill [1647] 

to and Viscount Claneboye [1622] in Ireland, 2nd but ist 

1675. surv. s. and h., 12 years old at his father's death ;(■=) matric. 

at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 7 Oct. 1663 {sic) at the age of 16, 

(*) See the preamble to this patent in Lodge, vol. iii, p. 4, note. 

(•>) In Lodge, vol. iii, p. 5, it is said that the marriage articles were 12 and 13 Nov. 
1635, and that the marriage took place that month. 

(•=) He was in receipt of a small pension from Govt, in 1 66 1, no doubt on 
account of his father's losses unde- the Commonwealth. V.G. 



212 CLANBRASSILL 

having been cr. M.A. 28 Sep. 1663 {sic).{'-) P.C. [I.] Feb. 1 670/1. He 
m., May 1667, Alice, da. of Henry (Moore), ist Earl of Drogheda [I.], 
by Alice, da. of William (Spencer), 2nd Baron Spencer of Worm- 
LEiGHTON. He d. s.p., 12, and was bur. 15 Jan. 1675, at Christ Church, 
Dublin, when all his honours became extinct. "Will dat. 27 Mar. 1674, 
devising all his real estate to his wife, pr. 1 674/5. C') His widow w., Sep. 
1677 (as his 2nd wife), John (Hamilton), 2nd Lord Bargeny [S.], 
who d. 15 May 1693. She d. s.p., 25 Dec. 1677, at Roscommon House, 
Dublin. 



111. 1756. I. James Hamilton, s. and h. of James H., of Tolly- 

more, CO. Down, by Anne, sister of Charles, Earl of 
Peterborough and Monmouth, da. of John (Mordaunt), ist Viscount 
Mordaunt of Avalon, sue. his father at an early age; M.P. for Dundalk 
[I.], 1 7 1 5- 1 9. He was, 1 3 May 1 7 1 9, cr. BARON CLANEBOYE, co. Down, 
and VISCOUNT OF THE CITY OF LIMERICK [I.], taking his 
seat as such i July following. One of the Common Council for the 
province of Georgia, 1733; M.P.('=) for Wendover 1735-41, for Tavistock 
1 741/2-47, and for Morpeth 1747-54. Chairman, Mar. 1 741/2, of the 
Committee to enquire into the conduct of (the late Prime Minister) the 
Earl of Orford. He obtained in 1 742 the reversion of the office of King's 
Remembrancer [I.], on the death of Lord Palmerston (who d. 10 June 
'^lSl)i foJ" his son. P.C. [I.] 14 Apr. 1746; Gov. of co. Louth, 1756 
till his death. On 24 Nov. 1756 he was cr. EARL OF CLAN- 
BRASSILL, CO. Armagh [I.], taking his seat as such, 11 Oct. 1757. He 
m., 15 Oct. 1728, at the Hague, Henrietta, da. of William (Bentinck), 
1st Earl of Portland, by his 2nd wife, Jane, da. of Sir John Temple, 
of Palmerston, co. Dublin. He d. 17 Mar. 1758, at St. Stephen's Green, 
Dublin. Will pr. 1758. His widow d. 10 June 1792, at Templeogue. 
Will pr, 1792. 

(^) For a list of peers on whom this degree was conferred on this day, see note 
sub James, Earl of Suffolk [1640]. 

C") She is stated to have prevailed on her husband to make this will in spite of 
his pointing out to her that it would be useless, as the estates were, failing his male 
issue, entailed by the first lord on collaterals. She is then supposed to have poisoned 
her husband, and destroyed her father-in-law's will. There then ensued, for 20 years, 
a contest, both by armed bands and in the law courts, between the defrauded heirs 
and Lady Clanbrassill, or her representatives, which was only terminated by the acci- 
dental discovery in the Charter room at Killyleagh Castle, of a duly executed and 
valid copy of the first Earl's will. See, for a fuller account, A Sketch of My Mother, 
by the Marquess of DufFerin, from which these facts are drawn. V.G. 

(<^) He was one of the leaders of the Whigs opposed to Walpole. His hostile 
motion for an enquiry into the last 20 years of Walpole's administration, with a view 
to his impeachment, was defeated in the House of Commons, Mar. 1742, by 2 votes, 
but he succeeded in carrying by 7 votes a second motion to enquire into the last 10 
years. V.G. 



CLANBRASSILL 213 

IV. 1758 2. James (Hamilton), Earl OF Clanbrassill [1756], 

to Viscount Limerick and Baron Claneboye [17 19] in 

1798. Ireland, only s. and h., b. 23 Aug. 1730. Chief 

Remembrancer of the Court of Exchequer [I.] (on 
Palmerston's death), 1757 till his death; Sheriff of co. Louth 1757, and 
Custos Rot. of that co. 1769 till his death. Took his seat in the House 
of Lords [I.], 10 Apr. 1758. Gov. of co. Louth 1758 till his death; 
P.C. [I.] 4 July 1766. Was M.P. (Tory) for Helston [E.], 1768-74; 
K.P., nom. 5 Feb. and inv. 11 Mar. 1783, being one of the 15 original 
Knights of that Order.(") He w., 21 May 1774, at Oxford Chapel, St. 
Marylebone, Grace, ist da. of Thomas (Foley), ist Baron Foley of 
Kidderminster, by Grace, da. and coh. of George (Granville), Baron 
Lansdowne of Biddeford. He d. s.p., 6 Feb. 1798, at Dundalk, and was 
bur. there. C") M.I. At his death all his honours became extinct. Will 
pr. Mar. 1799. His widow, who was b. i Jan. 1743,^. 9 Jan. 18 13, 
in Great Stanhope Str., Midx., aged 70. Will pr. Feb. 1813. 



See " Coningsby of Clanbrassill, co. Armagh," Barony [I.] 
{Coningsby)^ cr. 1693; extinct 1729. 



BARONY. Robert (Jocelvn), Earl of Roden [I.], was, 17 July 

, 1821, <:r. BARON CLANBRASSILL (•=) OF HYDE 

1. I82I. HALL, CO. Hertford.C*) See "Roden," Earldom of 

[I.], cr. 1 77 1, under the 3rd Earl ; extinct 1897. 



CLANCAIRNEY 

See "AcHEsoN of Clancairney, co. Armagh," Barony {Acheson), cr. 
1847. 



(f) See a list of these, vol. i, p. 227, note "c." 

(*>) " He looks old of his age (having lost all his fore teeth), but he is tall, genteel, 
and very well bred." (Mrs. Delany, 5 Apr. 1774). V.G. 

(«) His grandfather, the ist Earl of Roden [I.], m., 11 Dec. 1752, Anne, only 
sister of James (Hamilton), 2nd and last Earl of Clanbrassill [I.] of the creation of 
1756. 

C') This was one of the 22 creations at the Coronation of George IV, for a list 
of which see vol. ii, Appendix F. V.G. 



214 CLANCARTY 

CLANCARE [i.e. Glencar](=) 

EARLDOM [I.] "Donald Maccartv, called Maccarty More, Knt., 

Captain of his clan," s. of Donald MacCormach Ladrach 

I. ^S^S MacCarty More, knighted at Limerick 26 June i 558, 

to by the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieut., was, by patent, 

1597. 24 June 1565, cr. "EARL OF CLANCARE (") and 

BARON OF VALENTIA, in Ireland" [I.], having 

previously resigned, and again received investiture of, his estates " to hold 

of the Crown of England in the English manner." He sat in the 

Pari, of Dublin 20 Apr. 1584, but soon afterwards, 1597, resigned \\\s title, 

renouncing his allegiance to England. He m. Honora, da. of James Fitz- 

John (FitzGerald), 14th Earl of Desmond [I.], by his 2nd wife. More, 

da. of Sir Molrony O'Carroll. He d. s.p.m.s., in 1596/7, before 12 Feb., 

and was bur. at Mucruss Abbey, when his peerage honours (previously 

resigned) became extinct.(^) His widow was living Aug. I598.("^) 



[Teige Maccarty More, styled (z.her 1565) Lord Valentia, only s. 
and h. ap., accompanied his father into England in 1565, but d. v.p. and 
J./).] 



CLANCARTY 

EARLDOM [I.] I. DoNouGH Maccarty, 2nd but ist surv. s. and 

h. of Cormac Oge (Maccarty), ist Viscount Muskerry 
L 1658. [I.], by his 1st wife, Margaret, da. of Donogh (O'Brien), 

4th Earl of Thomond [I.]; was b. 1594; M.P. co. 
Cork 1634-35, and 1639-40; he was cr., v.p.^ a Baronet [S.] about 1638; he 
sue. his father in the Viscountcy, 20 Feb. 1640. He was in arms with the 
confederate Rom. Cath. Irish in 1641-42, but was severely defeated by 

(') " Glencar," of which " Donald McCarty More was cr. Earl, by Queen 
Elizabeth," is described in the Pari. Gaz.etteer [I.] as " a mountain valley partly in the 
Barony of Dunkerron," co. Kerry. Under " Carragh," it is also stated that the river 
Carragh " gives to the country drained by it the name of Glencarc, a corruption of 
Glen Carragh." 

(•>) See Creations, 1 483- 1646, in App., 47th Rep. D.K. Pub. Records. Camden, 
in his life of Elizabeth, says that she "invested him with the Earldom of Glencairn 
[and] his son Teig with the Barony of Valentia," but this is contradicted by the 
patent. The effect, however, would be the same as to the style of Teige, who would be 
styled " Lord Valentia " in each case. 

if) His only da. and h., Ellen, m. Florence Maccarty, who sue. him and assumed 
the style of " The Maccarty More." 

C) " Warrant to secure to Honora, Countess of Clancarty, the 3rd part of the 
lands of the late Earl, in full satisfaction of her dower." {State Papers [I.], 13 Aug. 
1598). V.G. 



CLANCARTY 215 

Lord Broghill in June 1651, near Dromagh, and being afterwards a staunch 
loyalist, commanded the forces in Munster against Cromwell. (^) As a re- 
ward for his services he was by patent dat. at Brussels 27 Nov. 1658, cr. 
EARL OF CLANCARTY, co. Cork [!.].(") He m., before 1 648, Eleanor, 
sister of James, ist Duke of Ormonde, da. of Thomas Butler, styledYis- 
COUNT Thurles, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Poyntz. He d. in London, 
4 Aug. 1 665.0 



[Charles Maccarty, s. and h. ao. in 1662, was sum. to the House 
of Lords [I.] in his father's Viscountcy as VISCOUNT MUSKERRY.(<^) 
He m., shortly after 2 Mar. 1659/60, and before May 1661, Margaret, 
only da. and h. of Ulick (de Burgh), Marquess of Clanricarde [I.] and 
2nd Earl of St. Albans, by Anne, da. of William (Compton), Earl of 
Northampton. He d. v. p., being slain on board "the Royal Charles" 
in a sea %ht against the Dutch, 3, and was bur. 22 June 1665, in Westm. 
Abbey.('') Will pr. 1665. His widow w., in 1676, Robert Villiers, other- 
wise Danvers, styling himself Viscount Purbeck, who d. 1684, aged 28. 
She m.y 3rdly, Robert Feilding (well-known as "Beau Feilding"), Col. in 
the Army, M.P. for Gowran in the Pari. [I.] of James II 1689, who d. 
12 May 1712.0 She d. Aug. 1698, at Somerhill, near Tonbridge.(6) 
Admon. to her husband 2 May 1 700.] 

(*) He was tried for his life in Dec. 1653, and re-tried 2 Feb. 1654 for his 
share in Royalist conspiracies, but ultimately acquitted, owing his life, it is said, to 
Lady Ormonde's influence with one of his judges. (Carte, Life cf Ormonde, vol. ii, 
p. 162). V.G. 

C') For a list of peers cr. by Charles II while in exile see vol. v, Appendix E. 

(■=) Donogh, Earl of Clancarty, and his s. and h. ap. Charles, Viscount Musketry 
(so sum. v.p. in 1662), were, in 1663, among the Irish Roman Catholics who remon- 
strated with the King. See a list of these, ante, p. 28, note " d." 

i^) He was one of the few heirs apparent to an Irish Peerage (but nine in all) 
who were, in their father's life-time, sum. to Pari, in one of their father's peerages. 
The fact of it being a Fiscounhy, in this case, instead of a Barony, is remarkable. See 
a list of these, vol. i, p. 2, note " c," and for such summonses to the English House 
of Lords, see vol. i. Appendix G. 

(^) James (Ley), 3rd Earl of Marlborough, Charles (Berkeley), Earl of Falmouth, 
and Sir Edward Broughton, perished at the same time and were similarly buried. See 
Chester's IVestm. Abbey Registers. 

(') For a later and bigamous marriage of the Beau, see sub Cleveland, i Duke- 
dom. V.G. 

(8) In the Gramont Memoirs, cap. vii, she is said to have been cousin german to 
her husband, and described as having " the shape of a woman big with child without 
being so; but had a very good reason for limping; for of two legs uncommonly short, 
one was much shorter than the other. A face suitable to this description gave the 
finishing stroke to this disagreeable figure . . . Her two darling foibles were dress and 
dancing." She appears to have been a rich and silly woman who was made a butt of 
at Court. Her husband is mentioned in the same chapter as " a man of honour, rather 
serious, very severe, and a mortal enemy to ridicule." V.G. 



2i6 CLANCARTY 

II. 1665. 2. Charles James (Maccarty), Earl OF Clancarty, 

£ffc. [I.], grandson and h., being only s. and h. of Charles 
(Maccarty), Viscount Muskerry, by Margaret, his wife, abovenamed. 
He, who was ward of the Duke of Ormonde, d. an infant, 22 Sep. 1666, in 
the CO. of Kent. Admon. 15 Feb. 1666/7, to his mother.^) 

III. 1666. 3. CallaghanC*) (Maccarty), Earl of Clancarty, 

^c. [I.], uncle and h., being 2nd s. of the ist Earl. He 
was formerly a monk in France, but, on his accession to the title, conformed 
to the established religion, though he d. "out of the communion of the 
Church of England." He m. Elizabeth, da. of George (FitzGerald), 
Earl of Kildare [I.], by Joan, da. of Richard (Boyle), ist Earl of Cork 
[I.]. He d. 21 Nov. 1676. His widow w., 17 June 1682, at Dublin, Sir 
William Davis, Chief Justice of the King's Bench [!.],('') who d. 24 Sep. 
1687. She d. in Dublin, and was bur. 15 Feb. 1697/8, at St. Martin's-in- 
the-Fields.(^) "Will dat. 4 to 5 Feb. 1697/8, pr. 12 May 1698, and 
20 June 1700. 

IV. 1676 4. DoNOGH (Maccarty), Earl of Clancarty [1658], 

to Viscount Muskerry and Baron Blarney [1628] in the 

1 69 1. peerage of Ireland, only s. and h.(^) Though under age 

he, by royal dispensation, sat in the House of Lords [I.] 

in May 1689.0 ^^ ^^^ Lord of the Bedchamber to James II in Ireland 

1689, whose cause he zealously espoused, being in command of a regt. of 

(*) See a petition of his half-brother, John Villiers, dated 6 May 1 702. " Charles 
James late Earl Clancarty and Frances Maccarty his sister were entitled under the will 
of the late Viscount Muskerry, their father, to a debt of ;^20,ooo . . . Charles James Earl 
Clancarty and his wife [i/V, but clearly a slip of the pen for siiter\ died without issue, 
and their mother, then Margaret, Viscountess Muskerry, the relict of Charles, Viscount 
Muskerry, administered to them in the Prerogative Court of Armagh. Margaret, 
Viscountess Muskerry, subsequently married Robert, Viscount Purbeck, Petitioner's 
father. Lady Purbeck died in 1698 . . . After her death, Petitioner, as brother of 
the half blood and next of kin to Charles James, Earl of Clancarty, and Frances 
Maccarty, procured letters of administration." {Hist. MSS. Com., House of Lords 
MSS., vol. V, N.S., p. 34). V.G. 

(^) In the Irish State Papers his Christian name is given as Kelme [? Kenelm]. 
V.G. 

('^) " My Lady Clancarty and my Lord Chief Justice seem hitherto the happiest 
couple in the world." (Letter of Sir John Temple to the Duke of Ormonde, 24 June 
1682). V.G. 

{^) "She contracted her sickness by a deep melancholy for the condition of her 
son and family." (Vernon to the Duke of Shrewsbury). V.G. 

(') The Duke of Ormonde writes, 13 Jan. 1682/3, "^ had not long since a letter 
from the little Earl of Clancarty desiring my leave to choose me for his guardian, being 
as he supposes, shortly of age to do it." V.G. 

For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 



CLANCARTY 217 

Infantry in the Irish Army, 1689; he was taken prisoner at the sieo-e of 
Cork, 1690, and confined in the Tower of London, whence he escaped to 
France in May(^) 1694, his immense estates (worth at their present value 
/, 200,000 a year) having been forfeited, and he hlmsdi' atiainteiJ, when all 
his honours he.ca.m& forfeited, 11 May 1691. He was in command of a 
troop of Horse Guards in France till 1697. Having come secretly to 
England in 1698, and obtained access to his wife, he was betrayed by his 
brother-in-law, Charles, Lord Spencer, again imprisoned in the Tower but 
pardoned at the intercession of Lady Russell, on condition of his livino- 
permanently abroad. ('') A Lord of the Bedchamber to the ;;V«/<;r James III, 
4 Aug. 1707. He m. (he 16, she 11), 31 Dec. i684,('^) at Westm. Abbey, 
Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Robert (Spencer), 2nd Earl of Sunderland, by 
Anne, da. of George (Digby), Earl of Bristol. She d. abroad, June 
1704. He is said to have been restored to his honours Sep. i72i.('') He 
d. I Oct. I734,(^) at his residence on an island in the Elbe, by Altona, near 
Hamburg. 



V. 1734. 5. Robert Maccarty, j/)'/^^ Viscount Mlskerry 

1 686-1 734, who, but for the attainder, would in 
1734 have been Earl of Clancarty, i^c. [I.], and who appears to have 
been so designated, (^ s. and h., b. 1685. He was in command of a 
man-of-war in or before 1722 and as late as 1733; Gov. of Newfoundland, 
1 733-3 5. (^) Being unable to obtain recognitionof his Peerage, he emigrated 
to France, in or soon atter 1741, residing many years at Boulogne-sur- 
mer, and being in receipt of an annual pension of ;(^ 1,000, which he must 
have forfeited owing to being implicated in the '45, for as " Robert 
Macarty, calling himself Earl of Clancarty" he was excepted from the 
Act of Indemnity, pardoning Jacobites, 1747. He »/., istly, 14 Dec. i 



722, 



(*) " The town says that he left his periwig block dressed up in his bed, with 
this inscription, ' The block must answer for me.' " V.G. 

C') A drama by Tom Taylor founded on these picturesque incidents still keeps 
the stage. See also Macaulay's History. V.G. 

[f) In Evelyn's diary of that date it is said he " gives no great presage of worth." 

i^) See Crossly's Irish Peerage, 1715, p. 55, but query as to the fact. 

(') In the Historical Register for 171 7, under " Sep. 17" it is stated that " the 
Earl of Clincarty dy'd lately at Hamburgh" — while in that for 1734 among the 
deaths in October is " At Altena, near Hamburgh, the Rt. Hon. Donagh, Earl of 
Clencarty, ^c." The first entry seems to be an error. 

Among " the names of those persons who were excepted from the Act of 
Indemnity of 1747" there occur those of three Peers, viz. (i) The Earl of Traquair 
[S.]; (2) The Earl of Kellie [S.]; and (3) The Earl of Clancarty [I.]. 

(8) Lord Tyrawley writes from Lisbon, 29 Jan. 1734/5, "My Lord Muskerry 
is at present in this River, who is a brute beast, and been drunk the 24 hours round, 
now this week and more." V.G. 

28 



2i8 CLANCARTY 



Joanna, da. of Henry Player,(^) of Alverstoke, Hants, Capt. R.N., by 
Joanna, his 2nd wife, da. of William Benett, of Fareham. She, who was 
b. at Alverstoke, 17 Oct. 1693, d. at St. James's, Westm., 13, and was 
bur. 24 Jan. 1759, at Alverstoke, aged (i^. Will dat. 16 Sep. 1758, pr. 
6 Apr.' 1759, by Charlotte Kempthorne, Spinster, one of the executors. He 
w., 2ndly, Elizabeth Farnelly.('') He d. 19 Sep. 1769, in France,(') or, 
as some say, at Plais Hoff, near Hamburg, aged 84, having had two sons 
in the French service, both of whom are said to have d. s.p., and who 
probably d. v.p. His widow »;., 7 Oct. 1775, by lie. at St. George's-in- 
the-East, Charles Caliste Anselme MACARTY-MoRE,of Cambray, in French 
Flanders, Capt. in Barndick's regt. of Foot in the French service. She d. 
1790.0 



V. 1803. I. W^iLLiAM Power Keating Trench, s. and h. of 

Richard Trench, of Garbally, co. Galway {d. 1768), by 
Frances, da. and h. of David Power,(') ofCorheen,in that co., was ^. 1741 ; was 
(for nearly 30 years) M.P. for co. Galway, 1 768-97 ;Q Sheriff of co. Kilkenny, 
1777. He was, on 25 Nov. 1797, cr. BARON KILCONNEL OF 
GARBALLY, co. Galway [L]; on 3 Jan. 1 801, VISCOUNT DUNLO OF 
DUNLO AND BALLINASLOE in the Counties of Galway and Roscom- 
mon [L],(8) and, finally, by patent dat. 11 Feb. 1803, EARL OF CLAN- 
CARTY, CO. Cork [L]. He m., 30 Oct. 1762, Anne, sister of Luke, ist 
Viscount Mountjoy [L], da. of the Rt. Hon. Charles Gardiner, of 
Dublin, by Florinda, da. of Robert Norman, of Lagore, co. Meath. He 
d. 27 Apr. 1805, in Ireland, aged about 64. Will pr. 1805. His widow, 
who was b. 13 May 1746, d. 8 July 1829. 



(^) Mawson's Obits, where she is called " Mrs. Player of Pall Mall." 

{^) Called in a pedigree penes Gaston von Chaulin, Chamberlain (1911) to the 
Grand Duke of Saxony, " Elizabeth Fearnley." V.G. 

(=) Annual Register, 1 769. 

(^) On 7 Mar. 1791, admon. of the Rt. Hon. Elizabeth Farnelly, Countess of 
Clancarty, of Weissenburg, in Basse Alsace, Germany, widow, was granted to Cecilia 
Macarty, spinster, the daughter. On 18 June 1792, the admon. of the Hon. Lady 
Cecilia de Bayard, formerly Macarty, heretofore of Mezieres in France, but late 
of Mannheim, in Germany, was granted to " Piere Pieron de Bayard, Esq.," the 
husband. 

(=) He was great-grandson of John Power, who m. Eleanor, the 3rd and yst. 
sister of Donogh (Maccarty), ist Earl of Clancarty [I.]. The representation, however, 
of that Earl is in his oivn descendants, not in those of the said Eleanor. 

He voted at first with the Whigs, but came over to Pitt about 1791. V.G. 

(8) For a list of the 47 peerages [I.] cr. in the last 12 months before the Union, 
see Appendix H to this volume. 



CLANCARTY 219 

VI. 1805. 2 and I. Richard (Le-Poer Trench), Earl 

OF Clancarty, Gfc. [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and 
VISCOUNTCY [U.K.] h., b. 18 May 1767. M.P. for Newtown Lima- 

vady, 1796-97; for co. Galway, 1 797-1 800 [!.],(") 
I. 1823. and 1801-05 [U.K.]; for Rye (Tory), Apr. to July 

1807; being, from 1803, styled Viscount Dunlo. 
He supported Pitt's administration and moved the address at the meeting 
of Pari, in 1802; a Commissioner for the affairs of India, 1804-06; Gov. 
of CO. Galway, 1805; P.C, 13 IVIay 1807, and P.C. [I.], 7 July 1809; 
Joint Postmaster Gen. [I.], Apr. to Nov. 1807; Postmaster Gen. [1.], 1807-09; 
Gustos. Rot. CO. Galway, 1808 till his death; Rep. Peer [I.], 1808-37; Master 
of the Mint, Oct. 1812 to Sep. 1814; Pres. of the Board ofTrade, 1812-18. 
On the Prince of Orange becoming King of the Netherlands, he accom- 
panied him thither from England in Nov. 18 13, and was Ambassador at 
the Hague, 1813-15, and again 1816-23; Joi'it Postmaster Gen., 1814-16; 
one of the Plenipotentiaries at the Congress of Vienna, Aug. 18 14, where 
he performed considerable service. On 4 Aug. 181^, he was cr. BARON 
TRENCH OF GARBALLY, CO. Galway [U.K.]; G.C.B. (civil), Apr. 18 15. 
On 18 July 18 1 8, he was cr. Marquess of Heusden in the Netherlands 
(during his second embassy to the Hague), and obtained a royal lie. 
16 Aug. 1824, to use that title in this kingdom. In 18 18, he obtained 
an annual pension of ;^2,ooo; G.C.H., 1821; Vice Admiral of Connaught, 
1822. On his retirement from the Embassy at the Hague, he was cr., 

8 Dec. 1823, VISCOUNT CLANCARTY of co. Cork [U.K.]. He ;«., 

9 Feb. 1796, Henrietta Margaret, 2nd da. of the Rt. Hon. John Staples, 
by his ist wife, Harriet, da. of the Rt. Hon. William Conolly, of Castle- 
town, CO. Kildare. He d. 24 Nov. 1837, aged 70, at Kinnegad, co. West- 
meath.C') Will pr. Apr. 1838. His widow d. 30 Dec. 1847, aged 77, of 
influenza, at Garbally. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
VII. 



VISCOUNTCY [U.K.] 
IL 



3 and 2. William Thomas (Le-Poer 

Trench), Earl of Clancarty, i^c. [I.], 
n s. and h., b. 21 Sep. 1803, at Castletown, 
^'' CO. Kildare, matric. as Viscount Dunlo, at 
St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A., 1823. 
A Conservative in politics. He ;«., 8 Dec. 
1832, Sarah Juliana, ist da. of Somerset 
Richard (Butler), 3rd Earl of Carrick [I.], by his ist wife, Anne, da. of 

(') He voted against the Union in 1799, and for it in 1800. It is not unchari- 
table to assume that, like several other of his noble compatriots, he was " squared " 
in the interval, presumably by the promise of a Viscountcy to his father. V.G. 

C") " He, a bustling, hard man, evidently galled at giving up the Embassy, but 
very civil to us. She, an excellent, head-aching woman, with none of the represen- 
tation or insolence of an Ambassadress. Two \ery ugly, obliging daughters, and a 
ditto son." (Harriet, Countess Granville, letter, Brussels, l Mar. 1824); ex inform. 
Brisht Brown. V.G. 



220 CLANCARTY 

Owen Wynne. He d. after a long illness, 26 Apr. 1872, in his 69th year, 
at Salthill, Monkstown, co. Dublin. His widow, who was b. 29 July 18 12, 
^.28 Apr. 1905, at Coorheen House, Loughrea, co. Galway. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
VIII. 



VISCOUNTCY [U.K.] 
III. 



•1872. 



4 and 3. Richard Somerset (Le-Poer 
Trench), Earl of Clancarty, fe'c. [I.], 
s. and h., b. 13 Jan. 1834, at Dublin, ed. 



at Cheltenham Coll., and at Trin. Coll. 
Cambridge ; Hon. Col. of the 5th Con- 
naught Rangers, 1877. ^ Conservative. 
He w.,29 Nov. 1866, at Ickworth, Adeliza 
Georgiana, ist da. of Frederick William (Hervey), 2nd Marquess of 
Bristol, by Katherine Isabella, da. of John Henry (Manners), Duke of 
Rutland. He d. suddenly, 29 May 1 891, aged 57, at 34 Lennox Gardens, 
Chelsea, and was bur. at Highgate. Will pr. at /;39,739. His widow, who 
was b. i-j Aug. 1843, at Ickworth, d. after a short illness, at 30 Pont Str., 
Chelsea, 7, and was bur. 10 Nov. 191 1, at Highgate Cemetery. 



EARLDOM [I.] 
IX. 

VISCOUNTCY [U.K.] 
IV. 



-1891. 



4 and 5. William Frederick (Le- 
Poer Trench), Earl of Clancarty 
[1803], Viscount Dunlo [1801] and 
Baron Kilconnel of Garbally [1797] 
in the peerage of Ireland, also Viscount 
Clancarty [1823] and Baron Trench 
of Garbally [i 8 i 5] in that of the United 
Kingdom, also Marquis of Heusden in the Netherlands [18 18], ist s. and 
h., b. 29 Dec. 1868, at Fort Eyre, co. Galway; j/)'/^^ Viscount Dunlo, 
1872-91; ed. at Eton. A Conservative. (') He w., 10 July 1889, at the 
Registrar's Office at Hampstead, "Isabel Maude Penrice Bilton, of 55 
Avenue Road, St. John's Wood, aged 21, spinster" (an actress at the 
Empire Theatre), da. of John George Bilton, sometime sergeant in the 
Royal Engineers, an assistant in Woolwich dockyard, by ( — ), da. of ( — ) 
Pennie, of Kilvernough, co. Glamorgan. C') She d. of cancer, at Garbally, 
3 1 Dec. 1 906, and was hur. at St. John's Church near there, 3 Jan. 1 907. He 
»/., 2ndly, 7 Oct. 1908, at St. Margaret's, Westm., Mary Gwatkin, da. of 
William F. Ross-Lewin Ellis, barrister-at-law, and ( — ), his wife (in 1908 
Mrs. Berger, of 44 Onslow Gardens). 

(*) He inherited settled estates with gross rental of ;^i 2,000 and a net of 
j^4,000 p.a. In June 1891 he barred the entail and effected heavy mortgages on the 
property, became bankrupt in Ireland in June 1 907, and in England in August 1910. 
V.G. 

(*>) An action for divorce brought by him was dismissed with costs 30 July 
1890. For a list of peers who have m. actresses, singers, or dancers, see Appendix C 
in the last vol. "The wedded life of Lord and Lady Dunlo, thus inauspiciously 
begun, was destined, however, to ripen into an affectionate and tender comradeship, 
the two, since the time of the divorce proceedings, which ended in the wife's favour, 
being rarely separated." [Daily Telegraph, Jan. 1907). V.G. 



CLANCARTY 221 

[Richard Frederick John Donouch Le-Poer Trench, styled Lord 
KiLCONNEL, 1st s. and h. ap. by ist wife, b. z-j Dec. 1891, at Upper Hare 
Park, Bottisham, co. Cambridge.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1 883, consisted of 23,896 acres in co. Galway, 
worth ;^i 1,724 a year, and of 1,614, co. Roscommon, worth ^^1,093. 
Total, 25,510 acres, worth ;^ 12,8 17 a year. Principal Residence. — Garbally 
Park, near Ballinasloe, co. Galway. 

CLAN-CONAL 

See "DuNSANDLE AND Clan-Conal of Dunsandle, CO. Galway," 
Barony [I.] {Daly), cr. 1845. 



CLANCONNELL or CLANCONNEILLC) 

EARLDOM [L] Turlough Lynach O'Neil, s. of Neil Conallagh 
y jj O'N., by Rose, da. of Manus O'Donnel, of Tyrconnel, 

^- ^^7«- became "the O'Neill" on the death of Shane O'Neil, 

2 June 1567. On 6 July I567,('') Queen Elizabeth 
directed him to be made a Baron, but no patent passed the seals at this 
time. In Jan. 1576 it was resolved to cr. him an Earl for life, and his 
son, a Baron. (•=) Nothing further was done till May 1578, when 
Letters Patent, so called, were drawn up which purported to cr. him 
"Baron of Clougher in Ireland" with a seat in the Pari, of Ireland, 
and rem. to the heirs male of his body. At the same date, or a few days 
later, other Letters Patent (so called) were prepared, which, as "Terence 
Lenaugh Baron of Clougher in Ireland," purported to cr. him Earl of 
Clanconneil in Ireland, and gave him a seat in Parl.[I.],"cappam honoris," 
and a gold circle on his head, and the same rem. as to the Barony. The 
patent for this Earldom passed the seals 18 May 1578. Three days later 
a commission to the Lord Deputy, the Lord Justice, and the Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland is dated, which recites that the Queen had thought 
good to advance "Tylaugh Lenaugh" to the dignity of a Baron and also 
that of an Earl in Ireland, and had caused Letters Patent to that effect to 
be made and sealed with the Great Seal of England, but without the 
dates of creation. The Commissioners were ordered to invest him and 
to insert in the Letters Patent the names of the witnesses who should be 
present, and the dates of creation, taking care to date the creation of the 
Barony one day before the creation of the Earldom. It is quite clear 
that the Letters Patent (so called), which however are really charters, 



(^) Close investigation of the facts relating to this obscure creation has kindly 
been made both by Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte and G. D. Buitchaell. V.G. 

C") Cal. of State Papers Ireland, Elizabeth, 1509-1573, p. 341. 
• n W., 1574-1585, pp. 86, 88, 94. 



222 CLANCONNELL 



were duly sealed and handed to the Lord Chancellor [I.], who was then 
in England,(^) and the State Papers contain a reference to the new 
Earl's robes and coronet.('') It is however equally clear that no Patents 
either for the Barony or Earldom were ever delivered to him. In these 
documents there are blanks left not only for the dates and names of 
witnesses, but also for the date of an agreement between the O'Neill and 
the Deputy; presumably the Commissioners held that the creations were 
contingent on the execution of the agreement, and, no agreement having 
been made, withheld the patents. On 4 July 1579 he petitioned to be 
President of Ulster, Earl of Armagh, and Baron of the Benburbe, and 
in July 1582 (unless the document be wrongly calendared under this 
date) to be Baron of Clogher and Earl of Clanconnell (the titles already 
granted). In the Spring of 1587 there was an idea of creating him, in 
accordance with his wish, Earl of Omagh (i.e. Armagh) for life, and of giv- 
ing a Barony to such person as he should nominate to be his heir.('=) One 
suggestion was that his son. Sir Arthur O'Neil, should be Baron of 
Strabane.C') In a petition ascribed to July 1587, he recites that it had 
heretofore pleased the Queen to grant him by Letters Patent the title of 
Earl of Clanconnel and Baron of Clogher,('') and desires to be cr. Earl of 
Omagh ["Omey"]. He was knighted as a commoner in Nov. or Dec. 1 588, 
and is described by the Lord Deputy, on 18 June 1591, as "the dutiful 
old knight." He m., istly, ( — ), by whom he had issue, but he "dis- 
avowed" Sir Arthur, the eldest s. of this marriage, as his s., in 1589, and 
adopted Con, s. of Shane O'Neill. He m., 2ndly, Sep. 1569,^) Agnes, 
widow of James MacDonell, of Antrim, illegit. da. of Archibald Campbell, 
4th Earl of Argyll, by Janet, da. of Alexander (Gordon), 3rd Earl of 
HuNTLY. He d. 9 Sep. 1596.(8) His ist s., by his ist wifCjC") Sir Arthur, 
I^. before 1570, was living 20 Oct. 1597. 



CLANDEBOYE or CLANEBOYEQ 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. James Hamilton, of Bangor, co. Down, s, 

y >. and h. of the Rev. Hans Hamilton, Vicar of Dunlop, 

Ayrshire, by Janet, da. of ( — ) Denholme, Laird of 

{-) Id., p. 134. 

e) Id., p. 145. 

(') Id., 1586-1588, p. 277. 

(d) w., pp. 335, 375, 415. 

(') Id., p. 375. 

(') Id., i509-i573>P- 420. 

(6) He was an habitual inebriate, and on one occasion remained so long in a 
drunken stupor as to be reported dead. V.G. 

C") Not by the 2nd wife, as stated in Did. Nat. Biog., vol. xlii, p. 216. V.G. 

(') " Claneboy, or Clandeboy, a quondam territorial name of part of the counties 
of Antrim and Down. In the reign of Edward III, the sept of Hugh Boy O'Neill 
imposed upon it the name of Clan-Hugh-Boy, the sept of yellow Hugh, afterwards 
abbreviated into Claneboy." [Pari. Gazetteer [I.], 1849). 



CLANDEBOYE 223 

Weshiels. He and his brothers appear to have gone to Ireland with Sir 
James Fullerton, in 1587, in order to hold correspondence with the English 
of that Kingdom, and to inform the King of Scotland of the state, condition, 
and designs of the Irish, in the event of Queen Elizabeth's death. He 
became a Fellow of Trin. Coll. Dublin, 1593, M.A., 1595; knighted at 
Royston 14 Nov. 1609; M.P. for co. Down, 1613-15; one of the Commis- 
sioners for the plantation of Longford, 16 19. On 4 May i622,('') he was cr. 
"VISCOUNT CLANEBOYE, co. Down" [I.]. P.C. [I.] 14 July 1634. 
He was commanding a troop of horse against the Irish rebels Apr. 1642. 
He m.y istly, Ursula, sister of William, ist Earl of Meath [1.], da. of 
Edward (Brabazon), ist Baron Brabazon of Ardee [I.], by Mary, da. of 
Edward Smith. He m., 2ndly, Penelope Cook. He w., 3rdly, Jane, da. 
of Sir John Philipps, Bart., of Picton, by Anne, da. of Sir John Perrot, 
Lord Deputy of Ireland. He d. Jan. i643/4,('') and was bur. at Bangor, 
CO. Down, aged 84. His widow was living Mar. 1644. 

II. 1644. 2. James (Hamilton), Viscount Claneboye [I.], s. 

and h. On 7 June 1647, he was cr. EARL OF CLAN- 
BRASSILL, CO. Armagh [I.]. See " Clanbrassill," Earldom of [I.], cr. 1 647 ; 
both Peerages becoming extinct in 1675. 



i.e. "Claneboye, co. Down," Barony [I.] {Hamilton), cr. 1719, with the 
ViscouNTCY OF LiMERiCK [I.]. See "Clanbrassill," Earldom of [I.], cr. 
1756; all these Peerages becoming extinct in 1798. 



See" DuFFERiN," Mar- 



See "DuFFERiN and Claneboye of Ballyleidy and Killyleagh, 
CO. Down," Barony [I.] {Blackwood)^ cr. 1800. 

i.e. "Clandeboye of Clandeboye, co. Down,' 
Barony {Blackwood), cr. 1850. 

i.e. "Clandeboye of Clandeboye, co. Down,"| quessate, under the 
Viscountcy {Blackwood), cr. i 8 7 1 , with the Earldom ^^^ Marquess. 
OF Dufferin. 

CLANDON 

See "Onslow of Onslow, co. Salop, and of Clandon, co. Surrey," 
Barony {Onslow), cr. 1716. 

(^) Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. The preamble 
of this patent is in Lodge, vol. iii, p. 3. 

(*") On 13 Jan. 1 630/1, John Pory, writing to Sir Thomas Puckering, speaks 
of him as " now one of the greatest subjects in that Kingdom (was formerly) School- 
master of the Free School in Dublin." He and James Fullerton abovenamed opened 
a Latin school in Great Ship Street, Dublin, in order "to mask their purpose" in 
coming to Ireland. V.G. 



224 CLANMALIER 

CLANE 

i.e. "DuNGAN OF CLANEjCO.Kildare," Viscountcy[I.] {Dungan),cr. 1661 ; 
see "Limerick," Earldom of [I.], cr. 1685; hot\\ forfeited 1691. 

CLANEBOYE see CLANDEBOYE 



CLANEHUGH 

i.e. "Clanehugh, co. Longford," Barony [L] {Forbes), cr. 1675, with 
the ViscouNTCY OF Granard [I.]. See " Granard," Earldom of [I.], cr. 
1684. 

CLANGIBBON 

i.e. " FitzGerald of Desmond and Clangibbon, co. Cork," Barony 
{Ve5ey-FitzGerald),cr. 1835, extinct i^^i- See " FitzGerald and Vesey," 
Barony [I.] cr. 1826, extinct i860, under the 2nd holder of that title. 



CLANMALIERO (or GLENM ALERY) 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Terence O'Dempsey, of Clanmalier, Queen's 
County, s. and h. of Dermot, the 3rd s. of Hugh 
I. 1 63 1. O'Dempsey, of Loghire, in that co., sue. to the family 

estates. Sheriff of Queen's Co. 1593, and remained 
loyal during the serious rebellion of the Earl of Tyrone, 1 598-1 601. He 
was knighted at Kiltenan, in Munster, 22 May 1599, and was, on 22 Dec. 
1 63 1, cr. BARON OF PHILLIPSTOWN, King's Co., and VISCOUNT 
CLANMALIER,(^) King's and Queen's Co. [I.]. He m., istly, Mary, 
da. of Sir Maurice FitzGerald, of Laccagh, co. Kildare, by Margaret, 
da. of Edmund Butler, Archbishop of Cashel. She d. 4 Jan. 16 14. He 
w., 2ndly, Genet, widow of Sir William Warren, and before that of John 
Bathe, of Drumcondragh (Chanc. of the Exchequer [I.] 1 577-1 586), da. of 
Patrick Finglass, of Westpalstown, co. Dublin. She d. 4 June 161 7. 
Fun. entry. Will pr. 161 7. He m., 3rdly, Margaret, widow of John 
Itchingham, of Dunbrody, co. Wexford, da of ( — ) Whitly. He was 
living Feb. 1637, and d. shortly afterwards. Inq. p. m. 8 Sep. i638.('') 
Admon. 6 Nov. 1658. 

(*) Clanmalier (incorrectly written Clenmelier, Glenmalire, or Glenmalery) 
extends on both sides of the river Barrow, being partly in King's Co. and partly in 
Queen's Co. 

(*>) It is therein stated that he died Feb. 1634, but this date seems erroneous. 
Barnabas O'Dempsey (apparently his yst. s.) is said to be his "s. and h.," but such 
heirship probably relates only to certain lands mentioned in the Inq. 



CLANMALIER 225 

II. 1637 2. Lewis (O'Dempsey), Viscount Clanmalier, (jfc. 

or [I.], grandson and h., being 2nd but ist surv. s.(*) and h. 

1638. of Owny [i.e. Anthony] O'DempseYjoF Clonygawny, King's 

Co., by his ist wife, Mary, da. of Christopher (Nugent), 
Lord Delvin [I.], which Owny was s. of the last Lord, but d. v.p., after 
Feb. 1637. He joined in the rebellion of 1641, for which he was attainted, 
and his estates confiscated. In Sep. 1652 he was a prisoner in Kilkenny, 
being charged with murder, presumably in connection with the rebellion. 
He was restored, 27 Dec. 1662, to a third of his estate, and presumably to 
his Peerage. C") He m., istly, Martha, da. of John Itchingham, of Dunbrody, 
CO. Wexford,('^) by Margaret, da. of ( — ) Whitly afsd. He m., 2ndly 
(articles 7 Mar. 1671), Dorothy, da. of Col. Charles Molloy, of Rathliken, 
King's Co., but by her had no issue. He d. 1683. Admon. [I.] 25 Aug. 
1683, to a creditor. His widow w., before 4 Feb. 1695, Kyran Molloy, 
of Killadooly, Queen's Co. Will dat. 2i May 1707, pr. [I.] 2 Feb. 1709, 
by her said husband. 

III. 1683 3. Maximilian (O'Dempsey), Viscount Clanmalier 

to and Baron of Phillipstown [I.], s. and h. by ist wife. 

1 69 1. He was made Governor of Queen's Co. by James II, and 

sat in that King's Pari. [I.] 7 May i689.('^) ^^ ^-i 
about 1667, Anne, sister and coh. of John Bermingham, of Dunfert, co. 
Kildare, da. of Walter Bermingham, of the same, by Margaret, da. of 
Thomas (FitzMaurice), Baron of Kerry [I.]. He d. s.p., 30 Nov. 1691, 
when his honours became dormant or extinct.i^') M.I. at Killeigh, King's Co. 
Admon. at Dublin, 13 Jan. 17 14, to his nephew, Dominick Quinn, s. of 
his sister Mary. His widow d. 27 June 1708. 

CLANMAURICE 

i.e. " Clanmaurice, co. Kerry," Viscountcy [I.] (Fitz-Maurice), cr. 1722, 
with the Earldom of Kerry [I.], which see. 

i^) His elder br.. Sir Christopher O'Dempsey, knighted 13 July 1624, was married, 
but d. s.p. and v.p. 

C") Two thirds of his estate appear to have been "conveyed" from him by Sir 
Henry Bennet, afterwards cr. Earl of Arh'ngton, who founded thereon the town of 
Port-ArHngton, now Portarlington. V.G. 

if) See N. y Q., 6th Ser., vol. x, p. 108, as to his supposed second marriage 
with Mary, widow of Capt. Thomas Vicars, and da. of ( — ) Lawlor. Tliis Mary, 
however, m. Barnaby (or Brien) O'Dempsey, between 1617 and 1622. Her husband 
was s. of Lewis (or Lysagh) O'D., which Lewis was brother of the ist Viscount. 
{ex inform. Sir Arthur Vicars and G. D. Burtchaell). 

f^) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 

(°) His only br., Terence O'Dempsey (living in 1691), d. s.p.m., leaving a da. 
Alice, who m. Thomas O'Gorman; but he appears to have had no less than six uncles 
and two great uncles, all within the limitation of this peerage. 

29 



226 CLANMORRIS 

CLANMORIES 

See " BouRKE of Clanmories, co. Mayo," Viscountcy [I.] {Bourke), 
cr. 1629. 

CLANMORRIS OF NEWBROOK 

BARONY [I.] I. JohnBingham, s. andh. ofHenryB., ofNewbrook, 

CO. Mayo {d. 1790), by Letitia, da. of Denis Daly, of 

I. 1800. Raford, co. Galway, was b. 1762 ; M.P. for Tuam, 1797- 

i8oo.(^) On 31 July 1800, he was cr. BARON CLAN- 
MORRIS OF NEWBROOK, co. Mayo [I.]. He »?., 21 May 1791, 
Anne Maria, da. of Barry (Yelverton), ist Viscount Avonmore [I.], by 
Mary, da. of William Nugent. He d. 18 May 1 821, at his seat ofNew- 
brook, aged about 58. His widow, who was b. 28 Sep. 1775, d. 27 Apr. 
1865, in her 90th year, at Penzance. 

II. 1 82 1. 2. Charles Barry (Bingham), Baron Clanmorris 

OF Newbrook. [I.], 3rd but 1st surv. s. and h., b. 1796. 
He m., 1 8 16, Sarah, da. of Walter Lambert, of Castle Lambert, co. Galway, 
by Elizabeth, da. of Burton Persse, of Persse Lodge, in that co. He d. 
s.p., 3 June 1829, on board the yacht " Watersprite," in the Catwater, 
Plymouth, aged 33.('') His widow m., 29 May 1830, Edward Shadwell 
Hickman, and was, apparently, living 1866. 

III. 1829. 3. Denis Arthur (Bingham), Baron Clanmorris of 

Newbrook [I.], br. and h., b. 22 Jan. 1 808. He m., i May 
1825, Maria Helena, 2nd da. of Robert Persse, of Roxborough, co. Galway, 
by Maria, da. of Samuel Wade, of Fairfield, in that co. He d. 24 Feb. 
1 847, at Bilton Road, Rugby, aged 39. Will pr. Apr. 1 847. His widow d. 
28 Aug. 1899, at 2 Maze Hill Terrace, St. Leonards on Sea. 

IV. 1847. 4* John Charles Robert (Bingham), Baron Clan- 

morris OF Newbrook [I.], ist s. and h., b. 28 Nov. 1826, 
at Moyode Castle, co. Galway; ed. at Rugby school, 1843. ^^ ^-j 
24 May 1849, Sarah Selina, 4th da. of Burton Persse, of Moyode Castle 
afsd., by Matilda, da. of Henry Persse. He d. 5 Apr. 1876, in his 50th 
year, at Lisinany, Ballinasloe. His widow ^.28 Nov. 1 907, after a long 
illness, at Scribbleston Park, Castleknock, co. Dublin, aged 81. 

(*) He was patron of the rotten borough of Tuam, and was in negotiation to sell 
his two seats there to the Opposition, but the Government " went one better " by 
paying his price (;^8,ooo) and throwing in an Irish Peerage. The transaction is gib- 
betted by Sir Jonah Barrington. For a list of the 47 peerages [I.] cr. in the last 12 
months before the Union, see Appendix H to this volume. V.G. 

('') He was said to be the handsomest man in Ireland. V.G. 



CLANMORRIS 227 

v. 1876. 5. John George Barry (Bingham), Baron Clan- 

morris OF Newbrook [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and h., b. 
27 Aug. 1852; ed. at Eton; Lieut. 28th Foot, 1874; Rifle Brigade, i875.(^) 
He ;;;., 27 June 1878, at Bangor, co. Down, Matilda Catherine, only child 
of Robert Edward Ward, of Bangor Castle, by Harriet, da. of the Hon. 
the Rev. Henry Ward, br. to the 3rd Viscount Bangor [I.]. She was b. 
3 May 1858, at 29 Half Moon Str., Piccadilly. 



[Arthur Maurice Robert Bingham, ist s. and h., b. at Bangor 
Castle, CO. Down, 22 June, and bap. 29 July 1879, at Bangor; ed. at Eton. 
Sometime Capt. 5th Lancers; A.D.C. to the Gov. of New Zealand. He 
m.^ 5 June 1907, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., Mowbray Leila, 4th da. of 
Gordon Cloete, J. P., of the Rosarj^, Rosebank, Cape Town.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 12,337 acres in co. Mayo, 
valued at ;^6,2io a year, and of 5,744 in co. Galway, at /!2,053. Total 
18,1 II acres valued at ;^8,2 63 a year. Principal Residence. — Newbrook, near 
Ballyglass, co. Mayo. 



CLANRANALDO 

Ronald Macdonald, yr. s. of Donald M., of Clanranald, by Marion, 
da. of John Macleod, of Macleod, was b. at Castle Tirrin, about 1 677. He 
was cr., by the titular King James III, 28 Sep. 171 6 (the same day as his 
sister-in-law Penelope, belownamed), BARON CLANRANALD [S.], 
with rem. to his heirs male. He d. unm., 13 June 1725, in the Faubourg 
St. Germain, Paris, and was bur. at St. Sulpice there.('') 

Penelope Louisa, da. of Col. Alexander Mackenzie (Gov. of 
Tangiers under Charles II), by Louisa Bouvinot, widow of Allan Mac- 
donald, Chief of Clanranald, was in consideration of her husband's 
services to the Stuarts, cr., 28 Sep. 1716, BARONESS CLANRAN- 
ALD [S.], by the titular James III. She m., 9 Oct. 1694, at St. 
Germain-en-Laye, Allan Macdonald abovenamed. He joined in the 
Rising of 1715, and was mortally wounded while leading the Jacobite 
right at Sheriffmuir, 1 3 Nov. 1 7 1 5, and d. next day at Drummond Castle, 
aged 40, and was bur. at Innerpeffray. She d. s.p. 1743, when her Peer- 
age, as to the limitations of which nothing is known, is presumed to have 
become extinct. 



(^) He is one of the numerous peers who are or have been directors of public 
companies. For a list of these (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. 
('') For a list of Jacobite Peerages see vol. i, Appendix F. 
{^) For his successors see Ruvigny's "Jacobite Peerage. 



228 CLANRICARDE 

CLANRICARDEC) 

EARLDOM [I.] I. Ulick Bourke or de Burgh, of Clanricarde,(*) co. 

Galway, s. and h. of Richard Bourke " MacWilliam," 
I. 1543. Chief of Cknrickard (d. Apr. 1530), by Margaret, da. of 

Piers (Butler), Earl of Ormond and Ossory,('') sue. to 
the vast territory of Clanricarde, and to the headship of his Clan, as the 
" MacWilliam^' ('=) in 1 541, on the deposition of his father's cousin, Sir Ulick 
Bourke. He was called by the Irish " Negan,''{^) i.e. " the Beheader"; was 
Gov. of Connaught, and having surrendered in person his large estates into 
the hands of the King, received a re-grant thereof, with the Monastery, 
De Via Nova, in the diocese of Clonfert. He was cr., i July 1543, EARL 
OF CLANRICARDE,C) AND BARON OF DUNKELLIN [L], under 

l^) Clanricarde (the county of the Bourkes), consists of the six Baronies of 
Loughrea, Dunkellin, Kiltartan {otlurwisf Killtaraght), Clare, Athenry, and Leitrim, co. 
Galway, in Connaught. For the ranking of Irish peers at various dates, see vol. i, 
Appendix A. 

('') See various pedigrees compiled not later than 1575, now in Trin. Coll., 
Dublin. Some accounts make her da. of ( — ) O'Maden, but the marriage with the 
da. of O'Maden, by which the chiefs of Clanricarde are said to have acquired Portumna, 
took place in the 14th century {ex inform. G. D. Burtchaell), and the Earl was certainly 
allied, through hismother, to the Butlers, whosupported himagainst his rival Ulick. V.G. 

(■=) He was great-grandson of Ulick Bourke, feudal Lord of Clanricarde 
{1467-87), the collateral heir male of the great Earls of Ulster [I.], extinct, in the 
direct male line, 1333. Since that extinction "the two next male branches of the 
family,* took possession of the lands and, supported by the national feeling in favour 
of the succession of heirs male, retained the greater part of them in defiance of all the 
efforts of the Crown. Lionel, Duke of Clarence, who had married the heir general, 
was sent over as Lord Lieut, of Ireland [1361-67], for the avowed purpose of 
enforcing his claims; but found the feeling of the country too strong to give him any 
chance of success. The Crown at length had the good sense to give up the contest, 
and to ennoble these two branches, by conferring upon them the peerages of Clan- 
rickard and Mayo." See Remarks upon the ancient Baronage of Ireland, 1829, p. 77, 
written, doubtless, by W. Lynch, author of the Feudal Baronies of Ireland. For the 
origin of the race of De Burgh, see an article in Her. iff Gen., vol. iv, p. 337. 

* According to Lodge, vol. iii, p. 414, these were (i) " Afac-lf^illiam Eighter, 
that is the upper, nearer, or southern Mac-William," ancestor of the Earls of Clanri- 
carde; and (2) '■'■ Mac-lFilliam Oughter, the lower, further, or northern MacWilliam," 
ancestor of the Earls of Mayo and of the extinct Viscounts Bourke of Mayo. 

i^) " Negan, that is a capitibus, having made a mount of the heads of men slain 
in battle, which he covered with earth." {Lodge, vol. i, p. 128). 

if) On I May 1 54 1 the King agreed to make him an Earl provided he came 
to have the dignity conferred in person, otherwise he was to have the honour of a 
Viscount or a Baron, {ex inform. G. D. Burtchaell). The Chiefs of the great Irish 
houses were raised to the highest Peerage rank in Ireland (for such at that time was, 
for any subject, an Earldom) by Henry VlII and some of his successors per saltum, on 
their abandoning their almost regal power over their clan. Such was the Earldom of 
Tyrone and Barony of Dungannon, conferred in 1542, respectively, on Con O'Neill 
and his son and heir ap.; the Earldom of Clanricarde, conferred i July 1543, on Ulick 



CLANRICARDE 229 

the designation of " fVtllicus Boruck, alias Makwilliamy (^) He »;., istly, 
Grace, or Grany, widow of ( — ) MacCoghlan, da. of Maolrona O'Carroll, 
" Prince of Ely," from whom he was separated. C") He m., 2ndly, Honora, 
sister of Sir Ulick Bourke afsd., da. of Rickard Oge MacWilliam, of 
Clanrickard (who d. 15 19), from whom also he was separated. C") He w., 
3rdly (his ist wife still living), Maria Lynch. ("=) He d. (shortly after his 
elevation to the Earldom), 19 Oct. 1544. His widow ;«. Piers Martin, of 
Galway. Her s. by the Earl, John Bourke, claimed the Earldom in 1568. 

II. 1544. 2. Richard (Bourke, otherwise DE Burgh), Earl OF 

Clanricarde, {ffc. [I.], s. and h., being only s. of the ist 
marriage. He was under age 16 Sep. 1548. His legitimacy was disputed, 
on the ground that his mother was the wife of one ( — ) O'Melaghlin, 
at the time of his birth, by John, his br. by his father's 3rd wife, but was 
finally established. ('^) He was called by the Irish '■^ Sassanagh,'' i.e. the 
Englishman, having in 1548, 1552, and 1553 assisted the English against 
the Irish rebels, and having been established by them as Chief, and not 
elected by the clan. On 22 June 1559, he received a confirmation of his 
Earldom and Barony from the Queen, and sat, as an Earl, in her ist Pari. 
[I.]. He ;«., istly, in 1548, Margaret, da. of Murrough (O'Brien), ist 
E.'V.RL OF Thomond [1.], by Eleanor, da. of Thomas FitzGerald, the Knight 
of Glyn. He complained that she worked witchcraft against him. He also 
had an impediment found by an ecclesiastical Court, and divorced her.('^) He 
«., 2ndly, 24 Nov. 1553, Margaret, da. of Donough (O'Brien), 2nd Earl 
OF Thomond, by Helen, da. of Piers (Butler), Earl of Ormond and 
OssoRY. She d. in I568.(') He m., 3rdly, in 1568, Gille or Cecilia, widow 

de Burgh otherwise MacWilliam; the Earldom of Thomond (Barony of Inchiquin), and 
Barony of Ibrackan, conferred respectively, also I July I 543, on Murrough O'Brien, and 
on his nephew Donough O'Brien; the Earldom of Clancare, in 1565, on the Maccarty 
More; and the Earldom of Tyrconnel, in 1603, on Rory O'Donnell. The Anglo- 
Irish, also, were by Henry VIII liberally ennobled; the family of Buder receiving 
the Baronies of Dunboyne and Cahir; the family of Plunket, those of Dunsany and 
Louth; the family of Fitzpatrick, that of Upper Ossory, the family of Bermingham 
that of Carbery, is'c. 

(*) Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. 

(*■) See the latter part of note "a" on next page. V.G. 

{') See O'Donoughue's O'Briens, i860, p. 189, as to the marriages of this Earl 
and the legitimacy of his issue. He left at least three illegit. sons, of whom Thomas, 
called " the Athlete," was elected, by the clan, Chief of Clanrickard, on the death of 
his father, but was deposed and shot in 1545, when the Govt, appointed the afore- 
said Sir Ulick Bourke "Captain of Clanrickard," pending the decision as to the 2nd 
Earl's legitimacy. 

(^) The proceedings are enrolled 22 Eliz. 

{') She surv. his other wives. On 15 Feb. 1559, he petitioned that his s. by her 
should succeed him in spite of the mother's divorce. V.G. 

She left 3 sons and a daughter. Her eldest s., John Bourke, claimed the 
Earldom of Clanricarde, and was cr. Baron of Leitrim in 1582. V.G. 



230 CLANRICARDE 

of Edmund (Butler), i st Baron Dunboyne, da. of Cormac Oge MacCarty, 
of Muskerry. Within three or four years he put her away. She was 
living about i58o.(*) He d. 24 July 1582. 

III. 1582. 3. Ulick (Bourke, otherwise de Burgh), Earl of 

Clanricarde, iSz. [I.], s. and h., being only s. by ist wife, 
sat in the Pari. [1.] of 1585, and had grant of divers lands in Connaught and 
in England. He steadily supported the English during Tyrone's rebellion, 
1 598-1 601. App. Commander of the Forces in Connaught, 9 Jan. 
1 599/ 1 600. He »?., 25 Nov. 1564, at Athenry, co. GalwayjC") Honora, 
da. of John Burke, of Clogheroka, and Tullyra, co. Galway. He d. 20 May 
i6oi.('') His widow was living in 161 5, and then aged 80. 

IV. 1601. 4. Richard (Bourke, otherwise de Burgh), Earl of 

Clanricarde, i^c. [I.], 2nd but ist surv. s. and h.('') 
He matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 18 Dec. 1584, being then aged 12. M.A. 
10 July 1598, as Ban de Dunkellyn. He greatly distinguished himself 
against the rebels under the Earl of Tyrone, particularly at the battle of 
Kingsale, where he was knighted on the field, 24 Dec. 1601, whence 
he was surnamed of Kingsak\ was Col. of a regt. of Foot [I.]; Gov. 

(^) He also had the following concubines, with all of whom he may have gone 
through a form of marriage. They were all living about 1580. (i) Honora, da. of 
Mac I Brien Ara. (2) Sawny Oge (Burke), a gentlewoman of Clanrickard. (3) 
Julian Brown, a merchant's wife of Galway, whom he married and put away. 

The account of the Earl's matrimonial adventures, which recall those of the 
poultry yard, is that given by himself (5/a/^ Papers [I.], p. 213), and in "A note of the 
Earl of Clanrickard's wives and concubines now living" [Ibid). These documents 
are undated, but the Earl's statement was written when his 2nd wife was alive, 
by wliom " he had gotten thre sons, and by God's grace do entend to get anor." 
The "Note" was written probably about 1580. Both are calendared with other 
papers relating to the Earl under the year 1559. Although these are of such great 
genealogical importance, and gave rise to political complications, the Editor of the 
Calendar did not think it worth while to print any of the particulars. G. D. Burtchaell, 
Athlone Pursuivant, writes in 1907, "The Irish chieftains seem to have repudiated 
and married wives just as they pleased. Illegitimacy was no bar to election to 
the chieftainship, and no doubt that is the reason that the Irish genealogies omit the 
names of wives. The first three Earls of Clanrickarde seem to have lived after the 
manner of their forefathers. They surrendered the lands of their clan, wiiich were 
not their property, and having accepted a grant of them from the Crown, with rem. 
to the heirs male of their body lawfully begotten, these lands and titles had to descend 
according to English law." V.G. 

C') He is wrongly said in Lodge, vol. i, p. 130, to have m. "25 Nov. 1564 [his 
parents having been stated to have tn. 24 Nov. 1553], Margaret, da. of Richard Fitz- 
Allan, Earl of Arundel." No Earl of Arundel, named Richard, existed after 1397, and 
no such match is recorded in any of the pedigrees of FitzAlan. 

if) By Martha Frannas he had a son (presumably illegit.), John Bourke, cr. in 
1629 Viscount Bourke of Clanmories. V.G. 

(<^) His elder br., Richard, d. an infant. V.G. 



CLANRICARDE 231 

of Connaught; Constable ot Athlone Castle, and Keeper of the King's 
House, 1603; Lord Pres. of Connaught, 1604-16; Gov. of Galway, 161 6. 
On 3 Apr. 1624, he was cr. BARON OF SOMERHILL and VISCOUNT 
TUNBRIDGE, Kent. P.C. [I.] 1625. On 23 Aug. 1628, he was cr. 
EARL OF ST. ALBANS, co. Hertford, with the usual rem., and 
BARON OF IMANNEY AND VISCOUNT GALWAY in the pro- 
vince of Connaught [I.], the limitation of these last two dignities [I.] being, 
failing heirs male of his own body, to those of his father. Earl Ulick. He 
m., before 8 Apr. 1603, Frances, widow of Robert (Devereux), Earl 
OF Essex (who d. 25 Feb. 1600/1), and before that of Sir Philip Sydney, da. 
and h. of Sir Francis Walsingham (Sec. of State to Queen Elizabeth), 
by his 2nd wife, Ursula, widow of Sir Richard Worsley, da. of John St. 
Barbe, of Somerset. She was bur. 17 Feb. 163 1/2, at Tunbridge.C) He 
d. 12 Nov. 1635, ^'^'i ^'^^ ^'^''- there, aged about 63. C") Will, in which he 
makes no mention of his wife, signed "St. Albans and Clan Rickard," dat. 
5 Nov. 1635, pr. 15 Dec. 1635, by his son "Ulick Bourke, Viscount 
Tunbridge and Dunkelling."('=) 

V. 1635. 5 and I. Ulick (Bourke, otherwise DE Burgh), 

Earl of St. Albans [1628], ViscountTunbridge 
MAROUESSATE \\ 1 ^^^ Baron Somerhill [1624], also Earl of Clan- 

ricarde. Viscount Galway, i^c. [I.], only s. and 
J jg g h., b. before 8 Dec. 1604, at Athlone.(^) He 

(or, possibly, his successor) appears to have sue. his 
cousin as Viscount Bourke of Clanmories 
1657. [I-]-C) Lieut. Col. of his father's regt.; Gov. 

of Galway, 1636; was knighted by the King at 
Windsor (together with the Prince of Wales, tsPc.) 20 May i638;(') He 
was one of the few Rom. Cath. Irish peers who actively opposed their co- 
religionists in the serious rebellion of 1641-43. Lieut. Gen. and Com. 
in Chief in Connaught, 1644; P.C. [I.], 1645. He was, on 21 Feb. 
1645/6, cr. MARQUESS OF CLANRICARDE [I.], though such 
creation was "suspended p' wan-' R' for 6 mo."(^) Lieut. Gen. of the 

(^) " On Friday my Lord Essex accompanied by my Lords of Warwick and of 
Holland was present at the solemnisation of his mother's funeral in the chancel 
at Tunbridge." (John Pory to Sir Thomas Puckering, Bart., 23 Feb. 163 1/2). V.G. 

(*>) See Manningham's Diary, where he is called "a goodly personable Gentle- 
man, something resembling the late Earl of Essex." 

(■=) Sic, perhaps, because [before he inherited the Earldoms) he was so styled in 
the will. 

[^) Dugdale, in his Summonses, pp. 556 and 558, alleges that he was sum. v.p. 
in his father's Barony as Lord Burgh, but there seems to be no ground for this state- 
ment. See ante, vol. ii, p. 251, sub Bourke or Burgh. V.G. 

if) See under that dignity, cr. with a spec, rem., 20 Apr. 1629. 

(*) See note sub Thomas, Earl of Elgin [1633]. 

(s) Creations, 1 483-1 646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. As to the 
only record of this creation see vol. ii, p. 454, note " b." 



232 CLANRICARDE 

Army [1.] 1646-49 ; Lord Deputy Gen. [I.] 1 650-52. (*) In 1651 he was 
opposing Cromwell in Ireland at the head of a considerable force, and 
maintained an heroic resistance to him. In Oct. 1652, he left Ireland for 
Kent, his estate of ;{[29,ooo a year being sequestrated, and himself, by 
Cromwell's Act of 12 Aug. 1652, excepted from pardon. He m., Dec. 
1622, Anne, da. of William (Compton), ist Earl of Northampton, by 
Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir John Spencer. He d. s.p.m., at Somerhill, 
Kent, July 1657, and was i>ur. at Tunbridgc^") Lim. admon. 3 Mar. 
1664/5. -^t his death all his English honours, as also the Marquessate of 
Clanricarde [I.] became extinct, but the other Irish honours devolved as 
below.('^) His widow, who had her jointure, and house of Portumna, co. 
Galway, restored to her in June 1661, d. 17 Aug. 1675. Admon. 24 Aug. 
1675, ^"'i 20 Jan. 1 699/1 700. 

EARLDOM [I.] 6. Richard (Bourke), Earl of Clanricarde, Vis- 
count BOURKE OF ClANMORIES, AND BaRON DuNKELLIN 

VI. 1657. [I.], cousin and h. male, being s. and h. of Sir William 

BouRKE, otherwise de Burgh, by Joan, da. of Dermot 
O'Shaugnessy, of Gort, which William was 3rd s. of Ulick, the 3rd Earl. 
He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 1661. In that year he was 
in receipt of a Govt, pension of ^T 1,500 till he should be restored to his 
estate. He m. Elizabeth,('^) da. of Walter (Butler), Earl of Ossory and 
Ormond [I.], by Helen, da. of Edmund (Butler), Viscount Mount- 
garret [I.]. He d. s.p.m., Aug. 1666. Will dat. 17 Oct. 1664. Her 
will pr. Prerog. Ct. [I.] 1668. 
f 

VII. 1666. 7. William (Bourke), Earl of Clanricarde, &€. 

[I.], br. and h. male, was, in 1640, a Colonel in the 
Royal Service ; Lieut, of co. Galway, 1680 ; Chief Gov. thereof, 1687; 
P.C. [I.] 30 Apr. 1 68 1. He m., istly, Lettice, da. of Sir Henry Shirley, 
Bart., by Dorothy, da. of Robert (Devereux), Earl of Essex. She, who 

{'■) His difficulties in his Irish Government are well described by Clarendon 
{^Hist. of the Rebellion, vol. viii), who pays a tribute to his generous nature. V.G. 

(*>) There appears to be some uncertainty as to the date of his death, which by 
some is put as late as 29 Apr. 1658, while in the histories of Carte and Clarendon it 
is given as 1652 and Oct. 1653. A note in Lodge, vol. i, p. 136, says that "it 
appears that he died as in the text from several Chancery proceedings and especially 
from bills filed by his da. and her husband the Lord Musketry, for the recovery of 
the estate." G.E.C. Lecky (vol. ii, p. 163) calls him "a man of the most stainless 
and sensitive honour ... at once a sincere Roman Catholic and a devoted servant of 
the English Government." V.G. 

if) The Viscountcy of Galway, ^c, ought, according to the spec. rem. in its 
creation, to have devolved therewith, but practically became dormant. See as to his 
da. and h. sub " Clancarty," ante, p. 215, text and note "g." 

(f) In a petition dat. 1661, "the now Countess of Clanricarde" is stated to 
have been wife of John Fitzgerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford, deed. [State Papers 
[I.], 1660-62, pp. 240, 241). V.G. 



CLANRICARDE 233 

was b. about 1617, was bur. as "the wife of Col. Burke," 25 Sep. 1655, 
at Bredon,co. Leicester. He w., 2ndly, Helen, widow of Sir John Fitzgerald, 
of Dromana, co. "Waterford (who d. 1662), da. of Donough (Maccarty), 
1st Earl of Clancarty [I.], by Eleanor, sister of James (Butler), ist 
Duke of Ormonde. He d. Oct. 1687. Will pr. 1687. ^^is widow »?., 
3rdly, before i Feb. 1 699/1 700,(*) Thomas Bourke, who d. between 
29 May 171 8 and 5 Dec. 1720, at which dates respectively his will was dat. 
and pr. Her will, dat. 6 Aug. 1720, pr. 29 June 1722. 

VIII. 1687. 8. Richard (Bourke), Earl of Clanricarde, i^c. 

[I.],s.and h.by istwife.C") He conformed to the established 
Church in or before 168 i. P.C. [I.] to James II, after his flight from England, 
1689. He was in command of a regt. of Infantry in the Irish Army of 
James II in 1689. He was not present in the Pari. [I.] 7 May i689;(') 
being Governor of Galway, he surrendered that town to Ginkel two weeks 
after the battle of Aughrim.('^) He was outlawed 11 May 1691. He m.^ 
istly, privately, 22 Jan. 1669/70, "the Court Beauty," Elizabeth, yst. da. 
of ( — ) Bagnall, Page of the Backstairs to James I. She was living 
26 Apr. 1683.0 -H^ ^^ ^'^'^^ ^^ \i2iV& m., 2ndly, Anne, widow of Robert 

(*) In a petition dat. i Feb. 1 699/1 700, of Katherine, Viscountess Grandison, 
she states that her estate is charged with the dower of " Helen, Dowager Countess of 
Clanricarde, relict and 2nd wife of petitioner's father, and now wife of Thomas 
Bourke Esq." {Hist. MSS. Com., House of Lords MSS., vol. iv, N.S., p. 78). V.G. 

('') Charles II writes to his father, 23 June 1680, "Having out of our special 
grace and favour to your son, the Lord Viscount [i/V] Dunkellin thought fit to put 
him into several commissions of trust and honour in that our Kingdom, and to order 
our Chancellor there to issue out our gracious writ of summons to him whereby he 
may take his place as Baron in our House of Peers in the next Parliament to be 
holden in Ireland." The King then goes on to urge the Earl to make an allowance 
to his son for his support, and that of his wife and children. Charles also writes to 
him on the same date, congratulating him on "being thoroughly instructed in the 
Protestant religion as it stands established " and on " having forsaken that of Rome 
which hath always given jealousies to the Crown," and concluding the homily as 
follows : — " We have therefore ordered our Chancellor of that our kingdom [Ireland] 
to issue out our gracious writ of summons when a Parliament is called in that our 
Kingdom, whereby you may sit as a Baron in our house of Peers in the right of one of 
the ancient Baronies belonging to your family." [Hist. MSS. Com., Ormonde 
Papers, N.S., vol. v, pp. 340, 341). V.G. 

if) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, that Pari., see Appendix D to 
this volume. 

('') He " inherited neither the courage nor the loyalty of his ancestor, the great 
Earl of St. Albans ; he compounded his honour for personal security, and quitting 
the service of James, remained at Galway, though by the capitulation, he was at 
liberty to march to Limerick." See O'Conor's Military Memoirs, as quoted in 
Dalton's King James's Irish Army List, p. 516. 

if) The Duchess of Ormonde writes that his " marriage has extremely troubled 
all his friends," further, of " the ruin that this unhappy young man has brought on 
himself and his family." V.G. 

30 



234 CLANRICARDE 

(Rich), Earl of Warwick, and before that of Richard Rogers, of Bryanston, 
Dorset, da. of Sir Thomas Cheke, of Pirgo, in Essex, by his 2nd wife, 
Essex, da. of Robert (Rich), ist Earl of Warwick.^) He was living 
Nov. 1702, but d. s.p.m.s.(^) 

IX. 1704.^ 9. John (Bourke), Earl of Clanricarde, &Pc. [I.], 

br. and h. male of the whole blood. He was b. 1642, 
and was Col. of a regt. of Infantry in the Army of James II. He was cr. 
by that King, 2 Apr. 1689 (some four months after his exclusion from the 
throne of England), by writ of summons,('=) BARON BOURKE OF 
BOPHIN, CO. Galway [I.J.f^) He fought on behalf of James II as a Col. 
of Foot, and being taken prisoner at the battle of Aughrim, 12 July i69i,(') 
was attainted. A bill for his restoration in 1698, was rejected. (') Having 
conformed to the Established Church in 1699, he was by Act (i Anne) 
1702, acquitted of all treasons and attainders, and restored in blood and 
estate. (^) Soon after this he sue. his br. in the family honours. He m., 

{f) He is said by Lodge to have m., 2ndly, as her 3rd husband, Anne, as in the 
text, but she must have been considerably his senior, and have been a widow for about 
25 years when he m. her, and there is no evidence to support the statement. 
O'Ferrall, usually a good authority, says that he m. Bridget, da. of Theobald, 8th 
Viscount Dillon, by Mary, da. of Sir Henry Talbot, of Templeogue, co. Dublin, 
but he gives him no other wife, though it is certain that he w., istly. Miss 
Bagnall. V.G. 

C") His s. was living 20 Feb. 1679/80, and then "of an age capable of being 
instructed, as well in the principles of religion as in other good learning." V.G. 

if) It is remarkable " that the only writs of Parliamentary summons creating 
hereditary peerages by express words are four, v/z., one in England, whereby in 
1 449 Henry VI cr. Henry Bromflete Lord de Fesci ; and three others in Ireland, 
whereby James II in 1689 (after his deposition from the Kingdom of England) cr. 
Sir Alexander Fytton Baron Fytton of Gosworth, co. Limerick, Thomas Nugent Baron 
Nugent of Riverston^ co. Westmeath, and John Bourke Baron Bourke of Bophin, co, 
Galway." {Lynch, pp. 359-360). Except for these three last cases the creation of 
peerages by writ of summons is unknown in Ireland. See vol. i, Appendix A. V.G. 

(f) He was one of the seven Irish Peers cr. by that monarch after such exclusion, 
but at a time when he was in possession of all his Royal rights, as King of Ireland; 
all seven of such creations being duly inscribed on the Patent Rolls [I.], from which 
they have never been erased. See vol. i. Appendix F. 

(f) See a list of such Peers as were so taken, ante, vol. ii, p. X02, note "a." 

(*) The reason for this rejection was that the Irish House of Commons got wind 
of the fact that he had had to agree to pay a bribe of ^^7, 500 to the King's minion, 
the young Earl of Albemarle, who had already been loaded with enormous grants of 
land (see vol. i, p. 92, note "a"), and they naturally resented the "clandestine bargain." 
{Hist. MSS. Com., House of Lords MSS., vol. iv, N.S., p. 45). V.G. 

(s) According to his petition to the Commons, 7 May 1 702, "on the surrender 
of Galway he was assured by the Earl of Athlone that he would be allowed to enjoy 
his estate and benefit by the articles of capitulation. He therefore submitted to his 
Majesty's Government and obtained his enlargement, and on the aforesaid expectations 
returned home and took the oath of allegiance." Nevertheless he had been deprived 



CLANRICARDE 235 

in Oct. 1684, Mary, da. of James Talbot, of Templeogue, co. Dublin, and 
Mount Talbot, co. Roscommon, by Bridget, da. of Francis (Bermingham), 
Lord Athenry [I.]. She d. 27 June 171 1, and was bur. at Meelick Abbey, 
CO. Galway. He d. 17 Oct. 1722, aged 82. Admon. 16 Nov. 1734 to the 
Hon. Thomas Bourke, the son. 

X. 1722. 10. Michael (Bourke), Earl of Clanricarde, 67'c. 

[I.], s. and h. He was cd. at Eton ; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.) 25 Nov. 1702, being then aged 16. He conformed to the 
established Church. On 3 Aug. 171 1 he was sum. to the House of Lords 
[L], v.p., in his father's Barony ^ as BARON DUNKELLIN [I.], and took 
his seat 4 Oct. following. Gov. of Galway, 171 2. Took his seat as an 
Earl [I.] 19 Oct. 1725; P.C. [I.] 15 July 1726. He /»., 19 Sep. 17 14, 
AnnejC') widow of Hugh Parker, of Honington, co. Warwick, 2nd of 
the 2 daughters and coheirs of John Smith, (■=) of Beaufort buildings, Lon- 
don, Commissioner of Excise. The Earl d. in Dublin, 29 Nov., and was 
bur. I Dec. 1726, at Christ Church there. Will pr. 1728. His widow 
d. in Pall Mall, Midx., i, and was bur. 7 Jan. 1732/3, in Westm. Abbey, 
aged 46, or, as in her M.I., in her 49th year. Will dat. 2 Aug. 1732, pr. 
16 Feb. 1732/3. 

XL 1726. II. John Smith (Bourke, afterwards de Burgh), 

Earl of Clanricarde, ^c. [L], 2nd but ist surv. s. and 
h.,(*^) b. II Nov. 1720. Ed. at Winchester. Took his seat in the House 
of Lords [L], 12 Jan. 1743. By royal lie, 13 May 1752, he adopted the 
patronymic of D^ Burgh, in lieu oi Bourke. i^') F.R.S. 8 Feb. 1753; F.S.A. 

of his estate "about 4 years ago" whereby "his wife and their nine infant children 
were exposed to the utmost and lowest want." He also mentions that he had "sent 
his two eldest sons to be educated in the Protestant Religion at Eton College." The 
above facts are confirmed by a report of the Irish Commissioners. V.G. 

(^) He was one of the few persons (nine in all) who were so summoned. 
See, ante, vol. i, p. 2, note "c." 

C') "Lord Dunkellin is going to be married to one Mrs. Parker, a widow, she 
has been so but a year and a half, she has seven children and used to be a coquette 
with great spirit ; but now I will tell you the good part, she has ;{^8oo a year, and a 
house and fji'^fiOO in money, her father is very rich ... he is called Portland Smith." 
(Letter of Countess Ferrers, Hht. MSS. Com., nth Rep., App., pt. iv, p. 227). V.G. 

{") See note to his burial, 20 July 17 18, and to that of his da. abovenamed, in 
Col. Chester's JFestm. Abbey Registers. By some strange blunder his da. is generally 
called da. of John Smith, of Tedworth, Wilts, Speaker of the House of Commons. 

if) His elder br. d. 2^ Dec. 1 7 1 9, in his 4th year, and was bur. 24 Jan. 1 7 1 9/20, 
with his maternal grandfather, in Westm. Abbey, as "the Hon. John Burke, Esq." 

(=) At the same time [his uncles] "Ulick Bourke of London" and "Thomas 
Bourke of Ireland" were likewise so authorised. Both of these, however, d. s.p.m., 
the former on 4 Dec. 1762, and the latter in July 1763. His name appears in the 
Lords' entries and on Ulster's Rolls as "Smith Burke" until 1771, and thenceforward 
as "John Smith de Burgh." 



236 



CLANRICARDE 



10 May 1753. P.C. [I.] for 8 days, being sworn 8, and removed 16 July 
1 76 1. He m., I July 1740, Hester Amelia, yst. da. of Sir Henry Vincent, 
6th Bart., of Stoice Dabernon, by Elizabeth, da. of Bezaliel Sherman, of 
London. He d. at Portumna Castle, co. Galway, 21 Apr. 1782, and was 
bur., with his ancestors, at Athenry, aged 6i.(^) Admon. 2 Aug. 1794. His 
widow J. 29 Dec. 1803, at Corhampton, Hants.C") Will pr. Jan. 1804. 

XII. 1782. 12 and I. Henry (de Burgh), Earl of Clan- 

RiCARDE, tfc. [I.], s. and h., b. 8 Jan. and bap. 
MARQUESSATE [I.] 9 Feb. 1742/3, at Kensington, Midx. ; M.P. for 

CO. Galway (as Lord Dunkellin), 1768-69; took 
II. 1789 his seat in the House of Lords [I.], 27 May 1782; 

to a Gov. of CO. Galway 1782, and Gustos Rot. of that 

1 797. CO. 1792, both till his death; K.P., nom. 5 Feb. and 

inv. II Mar. 1783, being one of the 15 orig. 
Knights of that order.Q P.C. [I.] 6 Mar. 1783. On 17 Aug. 1789 he 
was cr. MARQUESS OF CLANRICARDE [I.], no other Marquessate 
[I.] save that of Kildare (which was held with the Dukedom of Leinster) 
being then existing.('') He »?., 17 Mar. 1785 (spec, lie), at St. Mary- 
lebone, Urania Anne, da. of George (Paulet), I2th Marquess of Win- 
chester, by Martha, da. of Thomas Ingoldsby. He d. s.p., 8 Dec. 1797, 
at Portumna Castle, and was bur. at Athenry, aged 54, when the Marquessate 
of Clanricarde [I.] became extinct. Will pr. Dec. 1798. His widow m., 28 Oct. 
1799, at St. James's, Westm., Col. Peter Kington, who was slain in the 
attack on Buenos Ayres, 6 July 1 807. She m., 3rdly, as his 2nd wife, 22 May 
1 8 13, Vice Adm. the Hon. Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke, K.C.B., who d. 5 Apr. 
1 83 1, aged 52, being accidentally drowned off his yacht in the Hamble 
river. She d. 27 Dec. 1843 at Sydney Lodge, near Southampton, aged 76. 
Will pr. May 1 844. 

EARLDOM [I.] 13 and i. John Thomas (de Burgh), Earl of 
yxTT Clanricarde, i^c. [I.], only br. and h., b. 22 Sep. 

/"'■ 1744- He was sometime Lieut. Col. of the 68th Foot; 

\. 1800. Major Gen. 1793, Lieut. Gen. 1798, Gen. in the Army 

1803; Custos Rot. for co. Galway 1798 till his death. 
He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 2 Mar. 1798. On 29 Dec. 

(*) He and some woman appear in 17 73, "The Hibernian Hero and Miss P . . m," 
in the notorious tete-a-tete portraits in the Town and Country Mag., vol. v, p. 233. 
See Appendix B in the last vol. of this work. The history of the Earl of Clanricarde's 
family was left out of Lodge's Peerage in 1754 at his Lordship's desire. V.G. 

(b) " C ss of C de had but little peace in the days of her tyrant Lord, 

though her conduct was amiable, and her manners enchanting." [The Abbey of Kilk- 
hampton, by Sir Herbert Croft, ed. 1788, p. 112). V.G. 

("=) See a list of these, ante, vol. i, p. 227, note "c." 

C) For the creations in the Irish Peerage at this date see Appendix H to this 
volume. 



CLANRICARDE 237 

1800 (the last date of creation (*) of Irish Peers before the Union), he 
(having then no son), was cr. EARL OF CLANRICARDE, co. Galway [I.], 
with rem. of that dignity failing his issue male, to his ist and every other 
da. in priority of birth, and to the heir male of the body of such da.C") 
P.C. [I.] 24 Feb. 1 801. Gov. of Hull 1801-08. Rep. Peer [I.] 1801-08, 
being one of the original 28 so elected at the time of the Union. He m., 
17 Mar. 1799, at her father's house, Elizabeth, 3rd da. of Sir Thomas 
Burke, ist Bart., of Marble Hill, co. Galway, by Christian, da. of James 
Browne, of Limerick. He d. 27 July 1 808, in Dublin, aged 62. Will pr. 
Nov. 1808. His widow <J. 26 Mar. 1854, aged 90, at her residence in 
Dublin. Admon. May 1854. 

XIV. 1808. 14, 2, and i. Ulick John (de Burgh), Earl 

OF Clanricarde, i^sfc. [I.], only s. and h., i>. 
MARQUESSATE [I.] 20 Dec. 1802, at Belmont, Hants. On 26 Nov. 
... 1825 he was cr. MARQUESS OF CLANRI- 

^^^- ^^^^- CARDE [I.], and, on 13 Dec. 1826, was cr. 

BARON SOMERHILL, of Somerhill, Kent 
[U.K.J.C^) Under Sec. of State for Foreign Affairs, 1826-27; Capt. 
of the Yeomen of the Guard, 1830-34; P.C. i Dec. 1830; K.P. 19 Oct. 
1 83 !;('') Lord Lieut, of co. Galway, 1831 till his death; Ambassador to 
St. Petersburg, 1838-41; Postmaster Gen. 1846-52; Lord Privy Seal, 
Feb. 1858 for about 3 weeks.(^) He was also Vice Adm. of Connaught. 

(*) See Appendix H to this volume. 

(^) Of his two daughters, Hester, the elder, m. the Marquess of Sligo [I.], and 
Emily, the younger, m. the Earl of Howth [I.], her issue failing, and that Earldom 
becoming extinct on the death of her son, the 4th Earl, 9 Mar. 1909. The Earldom of 
Clanricarde (1800), if inherited by the heir male of the elder da., will then become 
merged in the Marquessate of Sligo. 

(<=) The estate of Somerhill, in Kent, had passed out of the De Burgh family 
some 200 years ago. The grantee was indeed descended from the 7th Earl, who was 
cousin of the 5th Earl, who was Baron Somerhill [E.], but in spite of this (his ancestor's) 
cousinship, the selection of the title seems inappropriate. As to the choice of such titles, 
see note sub John, Earl of Enniskillen [1803]. 

{^) He was one of the four extra Knights made by King William IV on his 
Coronation, and became a knight in ordinary 24 Jan. 1833. See, ante, p. 138, note 
"a," sub " Charlemont." 

{") His appointment to this office largely contributed to the fall of the Govt, 
in the same year, as Lord Palmerston "had defied public opinion by taking him 
into the Government, after some unpleasant disclosures in the Irish Courts," in con- 
nection with the will of a Mrs. Handcock by whom Clanricarde was father of an 
illegitimate son. For this and other great offices of State see vol. ii. Appendix D. 
Edmund Yates {Recollections and Experiences) refers to him in 1847 as "A tall, thin, 
aristocratic man, bald and bland, wearing — novelties in my unaccustomed eyes — tight 
pantaloons, striped silk socks, and pumps." In an account of the House of Lords in 
1857, '" Gent. Mag., he is described as a very bad speaker, with "a perfectly bald and 
caput mortuum like head." He was at first a Canningite Tory, and owed his Mar- 
quessate to Canning's influence. Like nearly all that statesman's followers he became 
a Whig between 1828 and 1830. V.G. 



238 CLANRICARDE 

He m., 4 Apr. i825,(*) at Gloucester Lodge, Harriet, sister and sole h. of 
Charles John, Earl Canning, only da. of the Rt. Hon. George Canning, 
by Joan, suo jure. Viscountess Canning of Kilbrahan. He d. 10 Apr. 
1874, at 17 Stratton Str., Piccadilly, Midx., aged 71. His widow, who 
was b. 13 Apr. 1804, d. there 8 Jan. i876.('') 

[Ulick Canning de Burgh, styled Lord Dunkellin, ist s. and h. ap., 
b. 12 July 1827, in St. James's Sq., Midx.; ed. at Eton; entered the army, 
1846; A.D.C. to the Lord Lieut. [I.], 1846-52; State Steward to the same, 
1853-54; Lieut. Col. Coldstream Guards, 1854-60; served in the Crimea, 
being taken prisoner at Sebastopol, Oct. 1854; Knight of the Medjidie; 
Mil. Sec. to Lord Canning, when Gov. Gen. of India, i856;('^) served (as 
volunteer) on the Staff, during the Persian Expedition, 1856-57. He was 
M.P. (Liberal) for Galway, 1857-65, and for co. Galway, 1 865-67. C^) He d. 
unm. and v.p., at 17 Stratton Str. afsd., 16 Aug. 1867, aged 40.] 



MARQUESSATE [I.] 
IV. 

EARLDOM [I.] 
XV. 



2, 15, and 3. Hubert George (de 
Burgh-Canning), Marquess of Clanri- 
-, CARDE [I. 1825], Earl of Clanricarde 
'^■[I. 1543], Earl of Clanricarde [I. 1800], 
Viscount BouRK-E of Clanmories [I. 1629] 
and Baron Dunkellin [I. 1543]; also 
Baron Somerhill [U.K. 1826], 2nd and 



(^) Harriet, Countess Granville writes, 17 Jan. 1825, "The Earl of 
Clanricarde is aux pieds de Miss Canning, and we are in daily expectation of the 
question. He is immensely rich, quite good-looking enough, clever, and very gentle- 
manlike. The girl is determined in his favour;" and on 7 Feb. following, "His only 
flaw is said to be his fondness for low company, and this is in the power of the wife 
to correct." {ex inform. Bright Brown). V.G. 

C') Lord Macaulay, in a letter of 11 July 1831, thus describes her: "She is 
very beautiful, and very like her father, with eyes full of fire and great expression in 
all her features. She showed much cleverness and information, but, I thought, a 
little more of political animosity than is quite becoming in a pretty woman." Harriet, 
Countess Granville writes, I Oct. 1834, "Lady Clanricarde is not so much 
admired. Her nose is a little red, and she is grand and dry in her manner to them. 
The cleverness they do not get at, as none of it is spent in small talk." "Lady 
Clanricarde a de I'esprit, de la mesure, du bon goAt, de la dignitd, mais, a ce qu'il me 
semble, assez de secheresse de coeur, et un peu de raideur d'esprit ; ses manieres, son 
caractere, je crois, ont une valeur reelle, sans abandon ni seduction ; mais, a tout 
prendre, c'est assurement une personne distingu^e, et de la meilleure et plus exquise 
compagnie." (Duchesse de Dino, Chronique, 14 Oct. 1834). "She was a most 
alarming person, and I shall never forget the terror with which my visits to her used 
to inspire me." {Memories of Fifty Tears, by Lady St. Helier, 1909, p. 93). V.G. 

{^) When he is described by Countess Canning as " prosperous and merry and 
bearded and red." V.G. 

{^) He was a prominent "Adullamite," and moved the rating franchise amend- 
ment to the Reform Bill of 1866, the carrying of which caused the resignation of 
Earl Russell's last administration. V.G. 



CLANRICARDE 239 

yst., but only surv. s. and h., b. 30 Nov. 1832; ed. at Harrow school; 
Attach^ at Turin, 1852; Second Sec. there, 1862. By royal lie, 9 July 
1862, he took the name of Canning, after that of de Burgh, in compliance 
with the will of his maternal uncle. Earl Canning. Was M.P. (Liberal) 
for CO. Galway (as Viscount Bourke) 1 867-71. (") 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 56,826 acres in co. Galway, 
valued at;^24,358 a year. Principal Residence. — Portumna Castle, co. Galway. 



CLANRONALD see CLANRANALD 



CLANWILLIAM 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. John Meade, only s. and h. of Sir Richard 
T gg Meade, 3rd Bart. [I.], of Ballintobber, co. Cork, by 

' ■ Catherine, da. of Henry Prittie, of Kilboy, co. 

EARLDOM ri 1 Tipperarj', was b. 21 Apr. 1744, sue. his father in the 

L ■-' Baronetcy 26 May following; ed. at the Univ. of 

\. i']-j6. Dublin, B.A., 1762; was M.P. for Banagher, 

1764-66. On 17 Nov. 1766, he was cr. BARON 
GILLFORD of the Manor of Gillford, co. Down, and VISCOUNT 
CLANWILLIAM, of co. Tipperary [I.], taking his seat as such 22 Oct. 
1767. On 20 July i776('') he was cr. EARL OF CLANWILLIAM [I.], 
taking his seat as such, 10 Nov. 1779. He m., 29 Aug. 1765, Theodosia, 
da. and h. of Robert Hawkins-Magill, of Gill Hall, co. Down, by his 2nd 
wife, Anne, da. of John (Bligh), ist Earl of Darnley [I.]. He d. 
19 Oct. 1800, at St. Stephen's Green, and was bur. in Dublin, aged S^-(f) 
His widow, who was b. 5 Sep. 1743, d. 2 Mar. 18 17, at Brighton, in 
her 74th year. 



(") He signs himself " Clanri/farde," which spelling of the name he claims to 
have been adopted by most of his predecessors, though in official and public documents 
the title appears to have been spelt as in the text. In 1886 he became a Liberal 
Unionist. His dealings with his tenantry have been singled out for special attack 
and obloquy by the leaders of the Irish Nationalists. V.G. 

C") For the profuse creations in the Irish Peerage at this date, see Appendix H 
to this volume. 

("=) "Though no speaker is a voter for administration. He is for the Union. 
This nobleman has dissipated a noble fortune. His attachment to the ladies and to 
the TURF and certain anecdotes respecting him are too generally known to justify 
the relation of them here." {Sketches of Irish political character, 1799). His Irish 
estates are said to have been worth _|ri 4,000 p.a. in 1799. For a list of the largest 
resident Irish landlords at that date, see vol. iv, Appendix C. V.G. 



240 CLANWILLIAM 

EARLDOM 2. Richard (Meade), Earl of Clanwilliam, 

AND £ffc. [I.], 1st s. and h., b. lo May 1766. He w., 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] istly, at Schuschitz, in Bohemia, 6 Oct. 1793, 
„ Caroline, 3rd da. of Joseph, Count of Thun, in 

Bohemia, by Wilhelmina, Countess of Ulfeld. She 
d. at Vienna, in childbed, 8 Aug. 1800. He w., 
2ndly, at Vienna, 6 July 1803 or 1805, Margaret Irene, widow of Molyneux 
(Shuldham), Baron Shuldham [I.], and before that of John Harcourt, of 
Ankerwyke in Wraysbury, Bucks, da. of John Sarney, of Somerset House, 
Midx. He d. at Vienna, 3 Sep. 1805, aged 39. Will pr. in Ireland 1806. 
His widow ^.22 Feb. 1 8 1 1, on her estate at Silberg, in Carinthia. Admon. 
Apr. 1 8 12 and Sep. 18 13. 



III. 1805. 3 and I. Richard Charles Francis Christian 

(Meade), Earl of Clanwilliam, i^c. [I.], only s. and 
BARONY [U.K.] h. by ist wife, b. at Dublin 15, and bap. 25 Aug. 
- I795> at St. Anne's there; ed. at Eton, 18 11; entered 

^ ■ the Diplomatic Service and was attached to the suite of 

Lord Castlereagh at the Congress of Vienna, in 18 14, 
being Private Sec. to him at the Foreign Office 18 17-19; Under Sec. of 
State for Foreign Affairs, 1822-23; Envoy to the Court of Berlin, 1823-27; 
G.C.H., 1826. On 28 Jan. 1828, being a ToryjC') he was cr. BARON 
CLANWILLIAM of co. Tipperary [U.K.]; D.C.L. Oxford, 1 1 June 1834; 
Capt. of Deal Castle, 1848-79. He w., 5 July 1830, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Elizabeth, 4th da. of George Augustus (Herbert), i ith Earl of Pembroke, 
by his 2nd wife, Catherine, da. of Simon, Count Woronzow, in Russia. 
She, who was b. 31 Mar. 1809, d. 20 Sep. 1858, at Taynuilt, co. Argyll, and 
was bur. at Wilton, Wilts.('') Admon. 13 Nov. 1858, under ;r 14,000 [E.]. 
He d. 7 Oct. 1 879, at 32 Belgrave Sq., Midx., aged 84.('=) 



(*) He followed Wellington when he changed his policy in favour of Cath. 
emancipation. V.G. 

(•>) Henry Greville writes that he " never met with a more frank, open- 
hearted woman, one more full of sympathy " and taking " interest in many things 
which women in general do not care for." [ex inform. Bright Brown). V.G. 

(■=) In Rush's Diary of the Court of London from 1819 to 1825, there are many 
notices of his early career. G.E.C. He took an active part in forming the Goderich 
administration. Harriet, Countess Granville, describes him in 1820 as " in love with 
nobody, and feeling therefore like a servant out of place or a tradesman out of employ- 
ment;" and in 1829 says, " If I was asked what he was and not knowing names and 
relations, I should say an only son, idolized and spoilt by his doating parents and devoted 
sisters." Lord Ronald Gower, in his Reminiscences says he was "as handsome at 70 
as when Lawrence painted him forty years before, and full of the charm of high spirits 
that not even old age could quench." V.G. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
IV. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
II. 



CLANWILLIAM 241 

EARLDOM "I 4 and 2. Richard James (Meade), Earl 

AND OF Clanwilliam [I. 1776], Viscount Clan- 

WILLIAM AND BaRON GiLLFORD [I. I 786], alsO 

. Baron Clanwilliam [U.K. 1828], and a 
'9' Baronet [I. 1703], ist s. and h., b. 3 Oct. 
1832; entered the Royal Navy, 1845; Lieut. 
1852, serving in the War with Russia on the 
Baltic, 1854-55; Commander, 1858; Capt., 
1859; naval A.D.C. to the Queen, 1872-76; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, 1874-80; Rear Adm. 1876, being severely 
wounded in the assault on Canton in 1877, during the Chinese war; 
Vice Adm. 1881, being Com. in Chief on the North American and 
West Indian Station, 1885-86; Adm. 1886; Com.-in-Chief at Portsmouth 
1891-94; Adm. of the Fleet 1895. C.B. 2 June 1877; K.C.M.G. 3 Mar. 
1882; K.C.B. 21 June 1887; G.C.B. 25 May 1895. A Conservative in 
politics. He m.^ 17 June 1867, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Elizabeth Henrietta, 
1st da. of Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy, K.C.M.G., Gov. of Queensland, 
by Georgina Mildred, da. of Joseph Macartney, of Hollywood House, 
CO. Down. He d. at Badgemore, Henley on Thames, of pneumonia, 
4, and was bur. 8 Aug. 1907, at Wilton, aged nearly 75.('') M.I. St. 
Peter's, Eaton Sq. He was sue. by his 2nd s., who is outside the scope of 
this work. His widow was living 1912. 



[Richard Charles Meade, j/jy/^^ Lord Gillford, ist s. and h. ap., b. 
10 June 1868; entered the Royal Navy, 1881. He w., 5 Sep. 1895, at 
the chapel of Douglas Castle, co. Lanark, Mary Elizabeth Margaret, ist 
da. of Charles Alexander (Douglas-Home), I2th Earl of Home [S.], by 
Maria, da. of Charles Conrad Grey, Capt. R.N. She was b. 12 Nov. 1871. 
He d. v.p. and s.p.m.,(^) of consumption, at Whelprigg, Kirkby Lonsdale, 
1 4, and was bur. 19 Oct. 1905, at Torpenhow, Aspatria, Cumberland, 
aged 37.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 3,584 acres in co. Down, 
worth ;£4,305 a year. Principal Residence. — Gill Hall, near Dromore, co. 
Down. 



(") " He affected the tight, very short jacket, which — forty years ago — was 
thought the sign of the true British sailor; and a certain roughness of manner, which 
was at times rather puzzHng to his subordinates. Throughout his Hfe, he was before 
everything a sailor . . . and probably valued his rank as an admiral much more than 
his titles as Irish earl or English baron." {Times, 5 Aug. 1907). V.G. 

(*>) His next br., Arthur Vesey Meade (the present [191 2] Earl), then assumed 
the fancy title of "Lord Dromore," which did not belong to his father nor to any one 
else. See vol. iv, Appendix E for some remarks on courtesy titles. V.G. 

31 



242 CLARE 

CLARE (honour of) 

Observations. — In the times of the Heptarchy the border fortress of 
Clare (Suffolk), on the confines of the Kingdoms of East Anglia and 
Essex, was of the greatest importance, and continued to be so for many 
centuries afterwards, when it was granted by the Conqueror to Richard 
FitzGilbert. FitzGilbert's successors, the earlier Lords of Clare were, " it is 
implied in the Lords' Reports (vol. iii, p. 124) and elsewhere, styled Earls of 
Clare before they were Earls of Hertford, but investigation disproves 
this,"(^) though doubtless, these Lords, after they obtained that Earldom, 
were, according to the usage of the period, frequently styled " Earls of 
Clare," just as the Earls of Derby were styled "Earls Ferrers," i^c. 
On account of the great importance of these feudal Barons, the earlier Lords 
of Clare, so frequently considered to have been actual Peers, a short account 
of them is subjoined, as under. 



HOLDERS OF i. Richard FitzGilbert, i/j/^^ (from his pos- 

THE HONOUR sessions) " de Bienfaite," " de Clare," and " de 
OF CLARE. ToNBRiDGE," was s. of Gilbert, Count of Brionne 

. in Normandy, which Gilbert was s. and h. of Godfrey, 

^^^' Count of Brionne, illegit. s. of Richard, Duke of 

WILLIAM I. Normandy. He was b. before 1035, '^^^ Lord of 

Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy, accompanied his 
kinsman, William the Conqueror, into England, and was rewarded by 
him with no less than 176 Lordships, of which 95 were in Suffolk, 
attached to the Honour of Clare, which honour, with the Castle of 
Clare, as also the Castle of Tonbridge in Kent, he obtained, becoming 
thus Lord of Clare and of Tonbridge. During the King's absence 
he was Joint Chief Justiciar, and, as such, suppressed the revolt 
of 1075. ^^ "'• Rohese,('') da. of Walter Giffard, the elder, 
through which match his descendants became co-heirs to the lands 
of that family. He was living 108 1, but appears to have d. about 
1090, being bur. at St. Neots, co. Huntingdon. His widow was 
living, as such, 11 13. 

II. 1090.' 2. Gilbert FitzRichard, styled also de Clare 

and de Tonbridge, Lord of Clare, (3'c., s. of the above. 



(*) See an able article by J. Horace Round on the family of Clare, in Diet. 
Nat, Biog., where are several notices of the earlier members thereof; also his paper on 
"The Family of Clare" in Jrcli. Journal, Sep. 1899, and his useful chart pedigree of 
the descendants of Count Gilbert of Brionne in Feudal England, p. 472. That writer 
is of opinion that the castle mounds of Tonbridge and Clare may both be the work 
of Richard FitzGilbert. V.G. 

C*) For some discussion on English mediaeval names, see Appendix C in this 
volume. 



CLARE 



243 



sue. to the English possessions (*) of his father. He was i. before 1066, 
and was founder of the Priory at Clare, 1090. By Henry I he 
was granted, 1 107- 1 1 1 1, the Lordship of Cardigan. C") He tn. Adeliz, da. 
of Hugh, Count of Clermont in Beauvaisis, by Marguerite, da. of 
Hilduin, Count of Montdidier and Roucy.Q He J. 11 14 or 11 17. 
His widow ;«., 2ndly, (.''Bouchard) de Montmorency. 



III. 1117.^ 3. Richard FitzGilbert, sty/ed also de Clare, 

Lord of Clare, fife, s. and h.('^) He is often supposed 
to have been cr. EARL OF HERTFORD by King Stephen, if not by 
Henry I. There appears, however, to be no ground for this belief In 
1 130, he is styled on the Pipe Roll (not "£«;-/," either as Earl of 
Hertford, or Earl Richard, but simply) Ric' Jj/.' Gisl,' as is he also('') 
when his death is recorded. He m. AdeliZjO sister of Ranulph " des 
Gernons,"(=) Earl of Chester. Hewasfounderof theprioryofTonbridge. 
He d., being surprised and slain by the Welsh, near Abergavenny, 1 5 Apr. 
1 1 3 6, and was bur. at Gloucester. His widow was rescued from the 
Welsh by Miles of Gloucester. 



(*) His br. Roger FitzRichard (living 11 30) inherited the lands in Normandy. 
This Roger, who possibly was the eldest son, d. s.p. 

C") See J. H. Round's Studies in Peerage and Family History, p. 214. V.G. 

(*=) " Pere Anselme," but see note by J. R. Planche in 'Journal of the Brit. 
Arch. Assoc, vol. xxvi, p. 150. 

{^) His yr. br., Gilbert de Clare, was cr. by King Stephen (11 38?) Earl of 
Pembroke, and was father of Richard, Earl of Pembroke, who d. s.p.m., 5 Apr. 1 176. 

(') The fact that this Richard was not created an Earl is also confirmed by a 
MS. cartulary, where a tenant appears as holding "de Gilleberto, filio Ricardi, et de 
Ricardo, filio ejus, et postea, de Comite Gilleberto, filio Ricardi." Courthope has 
added to the account, given in Nicolas, of this Richard, that he " possessed the third 
penny of that county [Hertford] before or early in the reign of King Stephen." This 
would settle the matter, // true, but the facts appear as under: " Madox, it seems, 
states that Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex (1199-1213), had a grant of the 
Shrievalty of Essex and Herts, with a saving of the Earl of Claret third penny. Their 
Lordships make a note of this in their Report (vol. iii, p. 69), and subsequently dis- 
cover that *as Geoffrey de Mandeville received the Shrievalty from the Empress, 
and as he was son of Geoffrey FitzPiers, who may have been son of Peter, the 
Domesday Sheriff", the third penny of the Earl of Clare must be anterior to the grant by 
the Empress; his family must therefore have had the third penny either before, or 
early in, the reign of Stephen' (vol. iii, p. 125). This argument however, is based 
upon their Lordships having confused the Earl Geoffrey (of Essex) of 12 13, with the 
Earl Geoffrey of 1 1 41." (ex inform, J. Horace Round). 

As to this Adeliz, and as to the conjecture in Coll. Top. et Gen. (vol. i, 
p. 388) concerning her, see Planch^'s article as in note "c" above. 

(s) She so describes herself in the Cartulary of Gloucester Abbey. 



CO 
oo 



244 CLARE 

IV. 1 136. 4. Gilbert DE Clare, Z,or^ 0/ C/arif, tffc, 

s. and h., b. before 1 1 1 5, was at some date 
before 1142 (not improbably in 1138, when his uncle and 
namesake is supposed to have been cr. Earl of Pem- 
broke),0 cr. EARL OF HERTFORD.^) He d. unm. 
1 152, and was bur. at Clare Priory. 

V. 1 1 52. 5. Roger de Clare, Lord of Clare., ^c, 

br. and h. Before 1156 he was recognised as 
Earl OF Hertford. He ^. 1173. 

VI. 1173. 6. Richard (de Clare), Earl of Hert- 

ford, also Lord of Clare., ijfc., s. and h. He 
m. Amice, da., and in her issue h., of William (FitzRobert), 
Earl of Gloucester. He d. Nov. 12 17. 

VII. 1217. 7. Gilbert (de Clare), Earl OF Hertford, 

also Lord of Clare., &'c., s. and h., who, about 
12 1 8, was in right of his maternal descent recognised as Earl of 
Gloucester. He d. 2^ Oct. 1230, and was bur. at Tewkesbury. 

VIII. 1230. 8. Richard (de Clare), Earl of Glouces- 

ter and Hertford, also Lord of Clare, ^c, 
s. and h., b. 4 Aug. 1222, d. 15 July 1262, and was bur. at 
Tewkesbury. 

IX. 1262. 9. Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Glouces- 

ter and Hertford, also Lord of Clare, isJ'c, 
s. and h., b. 2 Sep. 1243. He m., as his 2nd wife, 30 Apr. 
1290, Joan (of Acre), 3rd da. of Edward I. He d. 7 Dec. 
1295, and was bur. at Tewkesbury. His widow was bur. 1307, in 
the Friary Church at Clare. 

X. 1295. 10. Gilbert (de Clare), Lord of Clare, 

fc?c., s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 1291, who, in 
1307, on the death of his mother (whose 2nd husband had been 
sum. as Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, 1299 to 1306), became 
Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. He d. s.p.s., being slain at 
Bannockburn, 24 June I3i4.('') 



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(*) See note " d " on previous page. 

C") In Courthope, under " Pembroke," is the following note: " King Stephen, 1 1 38, 
says William of Malmesbury, ' Multos Comites qui ante non fuerant, instituit, applicatis 
possessionibuset redditibus quae proprio jure Regi competebant.' They were afterwards 
called imaginary and false Earls, and Henry II, at the beginning of his reign, ' deposuit 
quosdam imaginarios et Pseudo Comites (says the author of a Chronicle of Normandy) 
quibus Rex Stephanus omnia pene ad fiscum pertinentia minus caute distribuerat.' " See 
some account of the Earldoms conferred by King Stephen in vol. iv, Appendix D. 

{^) For some account of this battle see vol. xi, Appendix B. 



CLARE 



245 



XI. 13 14. II. Elizabeth de Burgh, suo jure. Lady of 

Clare, (sfc, 3rd sister and coh., inherited the Lordship 
of Clare, &'c., as her portion of the vast estates of her brother. She was 
l>. about 1292, and stated to be aged 20 in her brother's Inq. p. m., Sep. 
(13 14) 8 Edw. II. At an early age she m. John de Burgh, s. and h. 
ap. of Richard, Earl of Ulster [I.], which John d. v.p. 18 June 13 13. 
She m., 2ndly, as 2nd wife, 3 Feb. 131 5/6, at Bristol, Theobald de Verdon 
[Lord Verdon]. He d. s.p.tn., at Alton Castle, 27 July, and was bur. 
13 Oct. 13 1 6, at Croxden Abbey. She ;w., 3rdly, Roger d'Amorie [Lord 
d'Amorie], who was Lord of Armey in co. Antrim [I.]. He was attainted 
in 1 221/2, and d. the same year, being l>ur. at Ware Priory, Herts. His 
Irish estates were restored to his widow. She was the Foundress of 
"Clare Hall," Cambridge, to which, in 1359, she gave a code of statutes. 
She d. 4 Nov. 1360. Will, in which she directs her burial to be at the 
Sisters Minories, Aldgate, London, dat. at Clare, 25 Sep. 1355, pr. 
3 Dec. 1360.0 



XII. 1360. 12. Elizabeth, suo Jure Countess of Ulster [I.], 

Lady of Clare, &'c., granddaughter and h., being only da. 
and h. of William (de Burgh), Earl of Ulster [I.], s. and h. ap. of the 
abovenamed Elizabeth, Lady of Clare (by her ist husband), which William 
(though heir to his father and grandfather abovenamed) d. v.m., 6 June 
1333. She, who was b. 6 July 1332, m., 9 Sep. 1342, when aged 10, 
LioNEL,('') 3rd s. of Edward III, who in her right became Earl of 
Ulster [I.], and who, after her succession to the honour of Clare, was, 
13 Nov. 1362, cr. Duke of Clarence. She d. 1363. He d. s.p.m., 
17 Oct. 1368. Both were bur. at Clare Priory. See fuller particulars 
(below) under "Clarence," Dukedom of, cr. 1362; extinct 1368. 



XIII. 1368. 13. Philippe, suo jure Countess of 

Ulster [I.], Lady of Clare, only da. and 
h., who on the death of her father, Lionel, Duke of 
Clarence (the life tenant) inherited those dignities. 
She was b. 16 Aug. 1355, and m., in 1368, Edmund 
(de Mortimer), Earl of March, who d. 27 Dec. 138 1. 
She d. 5 Jan. 138 1/2. Both were bur. at Cork. 
M.I. 



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('') As to his supposed name of " Plantagenet," see vol. i, p. 183, note " c." 



246 



CLARE 



XIV. 1382. 14. Roger (de Mortimer), Earl of 

March, £j'c., also Earl of Ulster [I.], Lord 
of Clare, ^c, s. and h., l>. 11 Apr. 1374; dechrcd, Jure matris, 
heir presumptive to the Crown, 1387; d. 20 July 1398, and was 
bur. at Wigmore, co. Hereford. 

XV. 1398. 15. Edmund (de Mortimer), Earl of 
March, tfc, also Earl of Ulster [I.], Lord 



of Clare, iSc, s. and h., b. 6 Nov. 
at Trim Castle, Ireland, 19 Jan. 
Priory afsd. 



XVI. 1425. 



1 39 1. He i3'. unm., in prison 
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1 6. Richard (Plantagenet), Duke of York, ' 
&Pc., also Earl of Ulster [1.], Lord of Clare, 
Cffc, nephew and h., being only s. and h. of Richard, Earl of 
Cambridge, by Anne, his ist wife, eldest sister of Edmund 
(de Mortimer), Earl of March, Lord of Clare, &'c., abovenamed, 
at whose death he was aged 14. He was slain at the battle of 
Wakefield, 31 Dec. 1460, and bur. at Fotheringay. 

XVII. 1460 17. Edward (Plantagenet), Duke of 

to York, &c., also Earl of Ulster [L], Lord of 

1 46 1. Clare, ^c, s. and h., b. 2% Apr. 1442. On 

4 Mar. 1 460/ 1, he ascended the throne as 

Edward IV, when his peerage dignities as well as the Lordship 

of the Honour of Clare, became merged in the Crown. (") 



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BARONY BY 
WRIT. 



1. 



1309 

to 
1318. 



CLARE [England] 

I. Richard de Clare, br. and h. of Gilbert de C.,('') 
was s. of Thomas de C, Lord of Thomond in Con- 
naught,^) by Julian,('^) da. of Sir Maurice Fitz- 
Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland. He had livery of 
his brother Gilbert's lands 20 Jan. 1307/8. He was sum. 
to Pari. 26 Oct. (1309) 3 Edw. II, but never afterwards, 

(*) The Castle of Clare was granted by Edward IV to Sir John Cheke; was 
resumed by Queen Mary, but subsequently was again alienated, and before 1655, was 
in the possession of the family of Barnardiston. 

C") This Gilbert was b. at Limerick and bap. there, 3 Feb. 1280/ 1. He had 
livery of his father's lands 14 Apr. 1300 and pr. his age 22 Sep. 1302. In the Inq. his 
mother is called Julian, as she is also on 24 Sep. 1 300, when she was dead. He m. Isabel. 
He d. s.p. in 1307, before 16 Nov., when his wrk of diem cl. ext. is dated. His widow 
was living 20 Apr. 1322. V.G. 

if) He, who was Gov. of Colchester Castle 1266, and Gov. of the City of 
London 1273, and d. 29 Aug. 1287, was 2nd s. of Richard (de Clare), Earl of 
Gloucester and Hertford. V.G. 

C) This Julian m., 2ndly, as his 2nd wife, Adam de Creting, father of John 
[Lord] Creting, and was living in England in 1292. {Patent Roll). V.G. 



CLARE 247 

by writ directed Ricardo dc Clare, whereby he is held to have become 
LORD CLARE. (^) He in. Joan, who surv. him and was living 20 Apr. 
1322. He d. 7 June isiSjC") as it is said in battle at Dysert in Ireland, 
leaving Thomas de Clare, his only child and h., who d. unm. and a minor 
(writ for Inq. p.m. 10 Apr. (i 32 1) 14 Edw. II), when any hereditary barony 
which may be supposed to have been cr. by the writ of 1309 became 
extinct.^') 

EARLDOM. I. John Holles, of Haughton, Notts, s. and h. of 

Denzill H. (who d. v.p. 12 Apr. 1590), of Irby, co. Lin- 
I. 1 624. coln,('*) by Eleanor, da. of Edmund (Sheffield), i st Baron 

Sheffieldof BuTTERwiCK.E,was^. iVIay 1 564, at Haughton, 
being above 26 years old when he sue. his grandfather, 15 Jan. 1 590/1 ; was 
ed. at Christ's Coll. Cambridge, and at Gray's Inn, London ; served in the 
Netherlands, and against the Armada in 1588; was a Captain in Ireland, 
where he was knighted 15 Oct. 1593 by the Lord Deputy; served also 
in Hungary against the Turks, and in Spain, 1597, under the Earl of 
Essex. He was one of the Gentlemen Pensioners; M.P. for Notts, 1604-1 1 
and 1614; Comptroller of the Household to the Prince of Wales, 1610-12. 
On 9 July 1 61 6, he was cr.{^) BARON HOUGHTON [HAUGHTON], 
OF HOUGHTON, co. Nottingham, and on 2 Nov. 1624, EARL OF 
CLARE,(^ CO. Suffolk. He;;;., 23 May 1591, at Shelford, Notts, Anne, da. of 

(^) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title see Appendix A in the last vol. 

C') On 8 Aug. 1318 the lands in Ireland late of Richard de Clare were committed 
to Maurice de Rocheford. [Fine Roll). V.G. 

{^) His coheirs were the sisters of the Baron, viz. (i) Margaret, then wife of 
Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and (2) Maud, then wife of Robert de Welle [and 
Lord Welle], but who had previously m. Robert de Clifford [ist Lord Clifford 
(1299-1314)]. 

C^) This Denzill was s. and h. ap. of Sir William Holles, of Haughton afsd., 
who was 2nd s. of Sir William H., Lord Mayor of London 1539-40. V.G. 

(') Both peerages were obtained by the influence of the Duke of Buckingham, 
the then Court favourite, to whom he paid ^^ 10,000 for the Barony, and ;r5,ooo in 
addition for the Earldom, the last being probably above the average price as having 
been hitherto a Royal dignity; see infra, note "f." The preambles to both these 
patents are in Collins' Noble Families, 1752, pp. 87-89. G.E.C. "Sir John Roper 
[Lord Teynham] and Sir John Holles lorded at ^^10,000 apiece, July 161 6." (Journal 
of Sir Roger Wilbraham). V.G. 

Only six years before the title of Clare had been refused to the Lord Rich 
(who thereupon selected that of Warwick), " because the title of Clare, which is the 
same as that of Clarence, was a higher honour than could well suit with a family in a 
manner upstart." See Camden's Annals of James I. In Collins' Noble Families, p. 89, 
the following remarks on this creation are made by Gervase Holles, the antiquary. " It 
was not a little wondered at that he could obtain this title of Earl of Clare, for the Lord 
Rich (when he was cr. Earl) did very much desire this title, and the King's Council, 
after several debates about it, concluded that since the time that the first Earls of 



248 



CLARE 



Sir Thomas Stanhope, by Margaret, da. of Sir John Port, of Etwall, co. 
Derby. He d. in his 74th year, at his house called Clare Palace, Nottingham, 
4, and was bur. 7 Oct. 1637, in St. Mary's Church, there. (^) M.I. Fun. certif. 
in Pub. Record Office. His will, dat. 3 1 May 1599, having been made nearly 
39 years previously, admon. was grdiV\\.tdi, pendente lite, 6 Feb. 1637/8 to the 
widow. She d. in the Piazza, Covent Garden, Midx., aged 75 years and 
9 months, 18 Nov., and was bur. 22 Dec. 1651, at St. Mary's, Nottingham, 
afsd. M.I. Will dat. 5, pr. 26 Nov. 1651. 

II. 1637. 2. John (Holles), Earl of Clare, i^c, s. and h., b. 

at Haughton afsd., 13 June 1595 ; M.P. (in 3 Paris.) for 
East Retford (having also been elected for St. Michael's), Feb. 1623/4 to 
June 1626; styledl^oKT) Houghton after 2 Nov. 1624; knighted at Green- 
wich, 2 June 1625; Lord Lieut, of Notts (on the nom. of Pari.), 1642, but 
took some part in trying to reconcile Pari, with the King, and in 1643 went 
over to his side.C") App. Warden of Sherwood Forest Mar. 1 645/6. He 
m., 4 Sep. 1626, at St. Bartholomew-the-Great, London (as " Lord John 
Houghton"), Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Horatio (Vere), Baron Vere 
OF Tilbury, by Mary, da. of Sir (John or) William Tracy. He d. at 
Haughton afsd., 2, and was bur. 23 Jan. 166^/6, at St. Mary's, Nottingham, 
aged 70. Will dat. 12 Aug. 1659, pr. 30 May 1666. His widow, who 
was b. in the Netherlands, 1623, d. Dec. 1683, and was bur. 1 1 Jan. 1683/4, 
at St. Mary's afsd. 

Clare determined [13 13], the honours of Clare had ever been conferred on a Prince 
of the Blood Royal, Clare and Clarence being one and the same title,* and therefore 
not to be allowed to a meaner subject. But the power that procured the dignity pre- 
vailed for the title, which [power] was the Duke of Buckingham." Again, the newly 
created Earl writes thus to the Bishop of Lincoln: "My patent is now past for the 
Earldom of Clare, the title wherein my Lord of Warwick was so emboged, but what 
is it that a powerful favourite cannot do?" It appears, also, that the grantee had no 
connection whatever with the estate of Clare or with any of the former owners of 
the title, so that its adoption was a mere piece of swagger to give lustre to a hitherto 
not very illustrious race. G.E.C. 

* Nevertheless no instance has ever been found of a Duke of Clarence being 
called Clare or of a Lord Clare being called Clarence. V.G. 

(^) He appears never to have enjoyed the favour of Charles I. "Some have been 
of opinion that had he lived to these unhappy times he would have sided with those that 
persecuted the King, but I am most confident of the contrary." See Gervase Holies 
in Collins' Noble FamilieSy p. 93, who gives a full account of his appearance and 
his endowments, adding that Sir John Brooke (afterwards Lord Cobham) said of him: 
"I have travailed the best partes of Christendome, and have conversed with the most 
noble persons in those places where I came, yet, in all my life, I never met with so 
exactly accomplished a gentleman as my Lord of Clare." Denzill Holies, his 2nd 
s., was, in 1 661, cr. Baron Holles of Ifield. 

(*■) According to Lord Clarendon " he was a man of honour and of courage, and 
would have been an excellent person if his heart had not been too much set upon 
keeping and improving his estate." He favoured the Restoration, but appears never 
to have taken any very active part in politics. 



f 



CLARE 249 

III. 1666. 3. Gilbert (Holles), Earl of Clare, &c., 2nd(") 

but only surv. s. and h., b. 24 Apr., and /^ap. 18 May 
1633, at Hackney, Midx.; travelled abroad 1645-60. M.P. for Notts (as 
Lord Houghton), 1660. He m., 9 July 1655, at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, 
Grace, 4th da. of the Hon. William Pierrepont (2nd s. of Robert, ist 
Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull), by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Thomas Harris, 
of Tong Castle, Salop. He J. at Warwick House, Holborn, Midx., 16 Jan. 
1688/9, ^"<^ '^^5 ^"''- ^^ ^^- James's Chapel, Haughton, Notts, aged SS-O 
Will dat. June 1686 to 28 May 1687, pr. i Aug. 1691. His widow d. 
late in July 1702. 

IV. 1689. 4. John (Holles), Earl of Clare [1624] and 

Baron Houghton [16 16], ist s. and h., l>. 9, 
MARQUESSATE. and l>ap. 16 Jan. 166 1/2, at Edwinstow, Notts; M.P. 

(Whig) for Notts, 1688/9 ; Gent, of the Bedchamber, 

I. 1694 1689-91 ; Lord Lieut, of Midx., 1689-92 ; and again 

to 1711. At the Coronation, 11 Apr. 1689, he carried 

171 1. the Queen's sceptre, with the cross. Having by the 

death of his wife's father, s.p.m.s. (26 July 1691), 
come into the greater part of the Cavendish estates (subject to a mortgage 
of ;^8o,ooo, which he paid), he applied to the King for a Dukedom,('') and 
to be made a Knight of the Garter, but, being refused, gave up his appoint- 
ments. In Jan. 1693/4, however, he inherited the estates of his kinsman, 
Denzill (Holles), Baron Holles of Ifield, and, his fortune being now one of the 
largest in the Kingdom, he was, on 14 May 1694, cr. MARQUESS OF 
CLARE AND DUKE OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE.(<») He 

(") His eldei br., John, d. young. 

('') He was a Whig, but like his father, took little part in politics, save in oppos- 
ing all measures for the relief of the Rom. Catholics during the reigns of Charles II 
and James II. He protested against the reversal of the attainder of Viscount Stafford, 
who had been judicially murdered on a charge of being concerned in the pretended 
Popish plot. V.G. 

{^) He wrote to William III, 18 Apr. 1691, asking, on behalf of his father-in- 
law, the Duke of Newcastle, for a Dukedom for himself, and asserting that the King 
had promised him one. The King being annoyed at this, he wrote to apologise for 
having made the request, 31 Oct. 1 69 1. [Hist. MSS. Com., 13th Rep., part ii, 
pp. 165, 166). V.G. 

(^) "1694, April 26. A warrant lyes ready to passe for creating the Lord 
Shrewsbury, a Duke ; the Lord Carmarthen, Duie of Pontefract ; Lord Bedford, Duke 
of Bedford; Lord Devonshire, Duke of Newcastle; Lord Clare, Duke of Clarence" i^c. 
(Luttrell's Diary). This wholesale creation of Dukes took place accordingly, the 
titles selected being [i] Shrewsbury, by the Earl of Shrewsbury; [2] Leeds (not 
Pontefract), by the Marquess of Carmarthen ; [3] Bedford, by the Earl of Bedford; 
[4] Devonshire (not Newcastle, the title of a Dukedom but 3 years previously extinct 
in the Cavendish family, the new grantee being heir male of the last Duke), by the 
Earl of Devonshire; and [5] Newcastle (not Clarence), by the Earl of Clare, whose 
wife was da. and coh. of the last Duke of Newcastle. It is worthy of note that, in 
the short space of six years, William III created no less than nine Dukes, viz.: 

32 



250 CLARE 

entertained the King at Welbeck, Notts,(*) for 5 days in Oct. 1695, at a cost 
of ;^5,042. Lord Lieut, of Notts 1694, of the East Riding, co. York, 
Aug. 1699, and of the North Riding, 1705 till his death; Commissioner of 
Greenwich Hospital 1 695-1 71 1. Nom. K.G. 30 May, andinst. 7 July 1698; 
Keeper of Sherwood Forest, 1699-1711; High Steward of Dorchester 
Jan. 1700/1; P.C. 29 Mar. 1705; Lord Privy Seal, 29 Mar. 1705 till 
his death. C") Ch. Justice in Eyre, North of Trent, Sep. i7ioto July 171 1. 
He ;;;., i Mar. 1689/90, his ist cousin, Margaret, 3rd da. and coh. of 
Henry (Cavendish), 2nd Duk.e of Newcastle, by Frances, da. of the 
Hon. William Pierrepont abovenamed. He d. s.f.m. legit, (two days 
after a fall from his horse when stag-hunting), aged 49, at Welbeck, 
15 July, and was bur. 9 Aug. 171 1, in Westm. Abbey, under a sumptuous 
monument, when all his honours became extinct.i^^ Will dat. 29 Aug. 
1 707 (directing his burial to be near his great-grandfather, the Lord Vere 
of Tilbury), pr. 6 July I7i5.('') His estates were valued at about 
;^40,ooo a year.("') His widow, who was b. 22 Oct. 1661, d. in London, 

[l] Cumberland {Pririce G forge of Denmark); [2] Bolton [Powlett, Marquess 0} 
IFinchester); [3] Schombera; {Schomherg); [4] Gloucester [Prince JFilliam); 
[5] Shrewsbury [Talbot); [6] Leeds (Oiisrw,'); [?] Bedford [Russell); [8] Devonshire 
[Cavendisli); and [9] Newcastle [Holies). 

{f) He appears to have chiefly resided there, leaving his paternal mansion at 
Haughton to become ruinous. His nephew, and successor as to the Holies estates 
(Thomas, Duke of Newcastle), enlarged Clumber (which, previously, was " but a 
Lodge") and made it the family house. See an account of " Haughton " in The 
Topographer, 1789, vol. i, pp. 142-154. 

C") He was succeeded by Bishop Robinson of Bristol, a late instance of an 
ecclesiastic appointed to such an office. For this and other great offices of State, see 
vol. ii, Appendix D. V.G. 

[f) In 1706 he wrote to Harlcy, thanking him warmly for arranging that the 
Electoral Prince should be Duke of Cambridge, not of Clarence, which would 
trench on his earldom of Clare. He says his family had always insisted on this, 
and had prevented Monk being made Duke of Clarence, tliough they might 
have had a Marquessate for consenting. [Hist. MSS. Com., 13th Rep., part ii, 
p. 198). V.G. 

{^) To him, as " Lord Houghton," Dryden dedicated his Spanish Fryar or the 
Double Discovery. According to Luttrell's Diary, 18 Mar. 1 686/7, ^^ fought a duel 
with " the Lord Wharton's eldest son." He ci. " leaving behind him the character 
of a stingy, close man, and of a great Whig." (Hearne). In " Macky's and Burnet's 
characters," with Dean Swift's remarks thereon in italics, it is said of him that " he 
is a black, ruddy complexioned man, near 60 years old. He hath the best estate in 
England, and employs most of his time in improving it; is very covetous, yet makes 
a great figure in Yorkshire, is firm for the constitution of his country, and hath 
only one daughter, who will be the richest heiress in Europe, now Countess 
of Oxford, cheated by her Father.^' See, as to this, the note following. G.E.C. and 
V.G. 

[') The estates or the Cavendish family, with lands of about ;^5,ooo a year in 
Staffordshire, Yorkshire, and Northumberland, he devised to his only da., Henrietta, 
who, as heir-at-law, had lands worth ^100,000, purchased since his will, besides 
;^20,000, her portion under his marriage settlement. She m. Edward (Harley), 2nd Earl 



CLARE 251 

in her 65th year, 24 Dec. 17 16, and was bur. with her ancestors 5 Jan. 
1 7 16/7, at Bolsover, co. Derby. Will dat. 16 Oct. 171 5, pr. 6 June 

1717-0 

EARLDOM. Thomas (Pelham-Holles), Baron Pelham of 

-,r Laughton, s. and h. of Thomas, ist Baron Pelham 

VT'7TJ_ . 

' '^' of Laughton [so a: 1706], by his 2nd wife, Grace, 

MARDTIFSSATF lister of John (Holles), Dure of Newcastle, Mar- 
' QUESS OF Clare, Earl of Clare, and Baron Hough- 
n. 1715 ton abovenamed, b. i July 1693, sue. to his father's 

to peerage in 1712, about which time, having inherited 

1768. the estates of the family of Holles on the death 

(171 1) of his uncle, the Duke of Newcastle above- 
named, he assumed the additional name of Ho//es. On 19 Oct. 17 14, he was 
cr. VISCOUNT HAUGHTON, co. Nottingham, and EARL OF 
CLAREjC") with rem., failing his issue male, to his br. Henry Pelham in 
tail male; on 11 Aug. I7i5"he was cr. MARQUESS OF CLARE and 
DUKE OF NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE, with a like spec. rem. On 
17 Nov. 1756 he was cr. DUKE OF NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYNE, 
with rem., failing his issue male, to Henry (Clinton), Earl of Lincoln, 
husband of Catherine, ist da. and coh. of his said br., Henry Pelham. 
Finally, on 4 May 1 762, he was cr. BARON PELHAM OF STANMER, 
Sussex, with rem., failing his issue male, to his kinsman Thomas Pelham. 
He ^. s.p., 17 Nov. 1768, when all his honours, save these two last creations 
became extinct, the Dukedom of Newcastle (1756) devolving on the family 
of Clinton (Earls of Lincoln), and the Barony of Pelham (1762) on the 
family of Pelham. See under those dignities. See fuller account under 
" Newcastle-under-Lyne," Dukedom of, cr. 1756. 

CLARE [Ireland] 

VISCOUNTCY [L] i . Daniel O'Brien, of Moyarta and Carrigaholt, 
, ,^^ CO. Clare, 3rd and yst. s. of Connor (O'Brien), 2nd 

Earl of Thomond [I.], by his 2nd wife, Ownye, da. 

of Turlogh Mac-i-Brien-Ara, was Capt. of a regt. 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth, was knighted at Leixlip, i July 1604; 
M. P. for CO. Clare 16 13- 14/5, and 1634-35. He took part in the con- 
federation of Kilkenny. He did great service to the King during the 

of Oxford, whose da. and h. m. William (Bentinck), 2nd Duke of Portland, conveying 
Welbeck Abbey and the other estates to the family of Bentinck. The estates of the 
Holles family were devised by the Duke, in 1707, to his nephew, Thomas Pelham, 
cr. Earl of Clare, CJc, and finally Duke of Newcastle. 

(*) Leaving " the bulk of her estate, about ;f 8,000 p.a., to her niece, the Lady 
Frances Spencer, daughter to the Earl of Sunderland, but in spite of her will the 
estates passed to her daughter." V.G. 

(^) This was one of the Coronation peerages of George I, for a list of which 
see vol. ii, Appendix F. 



252 CLARE 

rebellion of 164 1. At the age of 80 or upwards, he was cr.^O 11 July 
1662, BARON MOYARTA AND VISCOUNT CLARE [or O'BRIEN 
OF CLARE], CO. Clare [I.]. His estates, to the extent of 84,339 acres, 
chiefly in co. Clare (which had been confiscated), were restored to him 
without reprisals. He m., shortly after 1600, Catherine, widow of Maurice 
(Roche), Viscount Roche of Fermoy [I.], da. of Gerald Fitzjames (Fitz- 
Gerald), Earl of Desmond [I.], by his 2nd wife, Eleanor, da. of Edmund 
(Butler), Baron Dunboyne [I.]. She was living 161 5. He was living 
June 1663, and J. about 1666. 

II. 1666.'' 2. Connor (O'Brien), Viscount Clare, ^c. 

[I.], 2nd but 1st surv. s. and h., i. about 1605. He 
m. Honora, da. of Daniel O'Brien, of Duagh, by Ellen, da. of Edmund 
FitzGerald, the Knight of Glyn. He d'. about 1670. His widow was 
living 1 70 1. 

III. 1670? 3. Daniel (O'Brien), Viscount Clare, yc. [I.], 

to s. and h., was in attendance on Charles II during his 

1 69 1. exile, and through his influence the peerage for 

his grandfather was obtained. In Jan. 1675/6 he was 
at the Hague in the service of the Prince of Orange. He was, like his 
grandfather, devoted to the Royal cause, and sat in the Pari. [I.] 7 May 
i689.('') He raised, for James II, in Ireland, in 1689, two regts. of In- 
fantry, and one of Dragoons, which was considered "the flower of James's 
army," but was, on 26 July 1689, "cut almost to pieces" near Lisnaskea;('^) 
P.C. [I.] 1689; Gov. of CO. Clare. He fought at the battle of the Boyne, 
I July 1690. He m. Philadelphia, sister of Thomas, ist Earl of Sussex, da. 
of Francis (Lennard), Lord Dacre, by Elizabeth, da. of Paul (Bayning), ist 
Viscount Bayning of Sudbury. He was out/awed 11 May 1691, whereby 
his estates (^) and the title became forfeited. He appears to have d. that 
same year. His widow, who was iap. 29 Jan. 1643/4, at Hurstmonceaux, 
Sussex, was living i699.(^) 

(") The preamble to the patent is in Lodge, vol. ii, p. 32, note. "This promotion 
was caused by the interest felt by the King in the younger Daniel the grandson [and 
successor] of the new Peer, who had not staid at home, but ventured life and fortune 
in foreign service for the sake of his exiled Sovereign." (O'Donoghue's The O'Briens, 
i860, p. 320). 

C") For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., see Appendix D 
to this volume. 

('^) Dalton's King James's Irish Army list, 1689, pp. 314, 315. 

{^) These consisted of 56,931 acres, granted 26 Feb. 1698, to young Keppel, 
afterwards Ear! of Albemarle, the King's new (Dutch) favourite, who disposed of 
them at once, thereby escaping the (forthcoming) bill for the resumption of estates so 
recklessly granted. For a list of, and some remarks on, these shameful grants, see 
vol. i, p. 92, note "a." 

if) In this year she figures as "Philadelphia, Viscountess Dowager of Clare" in 
a list furnished to the Lords of persons outlawed for treason in Ireland [i.e. adherence 
to James II]. 



CLARE 



253 



IV. 1 69 1. 4. Daniel O'Brien, who but for the attainder, was 

Viscount Clare, &c. [I.], and who was so styled, s. 
and h., was a page to the French King in 1 680/1. He was v.p. in com- 
mand of a regt., which, on 7 Apr. 1690, he conveyed to France, 
where James II formed it into a portion of "the old (Mountcashel's) 
brigade." At the head of this he was mortally wounded at the victory 
of Marsaglia (gained by the French under Catinat over the Imperialists under 
Prince Eugene), 4 Oct. 1693, and ^/. unm. shortly afterwards at Pignerol. 

V. 1693. 5. Charles O'Brien, who, but for the attainder, 

was Viscount Clare, isfc. [I.], and who was so styled, 
br. and h. He and his wife (^) accompanied the Queen Consort, Dec. 
1688, in her flight from London to France. He was outlawed before 
1699. He was in command of a French Brigade regt., styled the 
Queen's dismounted Dragoons, at the head of which he greatly distin- 
guished himself at the battle of Marsaglia (1693), in Spain (1695), in 
Italy (1696), at both the battles of Blenheim (1703 and 1704), and finally 
(1706) at Ramillies, where he was mortally wounded. He /«., 9 Jan. 
1696/7, at St. Germain-en-Laye,('') Charlotte, ist da. of the Hon. 
Henry Bulkeley, Master of the Household to Charles II and James II 
(4th s. of Thomas, ist Viscount Bulkeley of Cashel [I.]), by Sophia, da. 
and coh. of the Hon. Walter Stuart, 3rd s. of Walter (Stuart), ist 
Lord Blantyre [S.]. He d. 23 May 1 706 of his wounds, at Brussels, and 
was ifur. in the Irish Monastery there. His widow m., 19 July 1 712, at 
St. Germain-en-Laye, as his 2nd wife, Daniel Mahoney, an Irishman, 
who distinguished himself at the siege of Cremona in the service of 
Philip V, and became Lieut. Gen., a Count, and Viceroy of Sicily. He 
d. 29 Oct. I753.('') The date of her death does not appear to be cer- 
tainly known. ("*) 

VI. 1706. 6. Charles O'Brien, who, but for the attainder, 

was Viscount Clare, <yc. [I.], and (after 20 Apr. 1741) 



(^) It is presumed that they are the "Lord and Lady O'Brien Clare" referred 
to by Miss Strickland in her life of Mary of Modena, p. 270. 

C") He received, in consideration of this marriage, a promise of ^^2,000 from 
James II, and of ^^1,000 from his Queen, to be paid within six months of their 
Restoration. V.G. 

('^) Saint-Simon, Memolres, Grands Ecrivains de la France, edit. A. de Boislisle, 
vol. XV, p. 70, note 8. {ex inform. David C. Herries). V.G. 

('') In Ti\x\on' sfacques II . . . et les Jacobites a Saint Germain-en-Laye, pp. 119, 
120, it is stated that, "Vers la fin de sa vie elle avait fixe sa demeure a Paris dans 
I'enclos des Petites Maisons, on y deposa ses testes dans I'hopital de la chapelle, avec 
une epitaphe . . . ou il est dit qu'elle fut plus illustre par ses vertus que par son rang et 
sa naissance." {ex inform. David C. Herries). V.G. 



254 CLARE 

Earl of Thomond, ^'c. [I.], ist(^) s. and h., bap. 17 Mar. 1699, at St. 
Germain-en-Laye. He was enrolled, i July 1703, as a Captain in his 
father's regt. (being then under 5), and in 1720 was made Col. in 
chief thereof. He visited England after the peace of 1713, and is said 
to have obtained a promise of restitution if he conformed to the estab- 
lished church. He was wounded at the siege of Philippsburg, 12 June 
1734-0 In 1735 he was made Inspector Gen. of Infantry and Mare- 
CHAL DE CamPj or Lieut. Gen. of the King's Armies. By the death of 
his cousin Henry, 8th Earl of Thomond [I.], 20 Apr. 1741, who left 
him ;^20,ooo, he became (but for the attainder) heir to that title, which 
he assumed, being generally henceforth known as " Marechal Comte de 
Thomond.^'' He was in command at Dettingen in 1 743, at Fontenoy in 1 745 
(where the defeat of the English was mainly owing to the valour of the 
Irish troops), at Landshut in the same year, and finally, 1 1 Oct. 1 746, 
greatly distinguished himself, under Marshal Saxe, at Raucoux. Knight 
of the Ste. Esprit of France, 2 Feb. 1746, being inst. at the chapel of 
Versailles, i Jan. \~i\-].{f) Gov. of New Breisach in Alsace; Com. in 
Chief of the province of Languedoc. He ;«. (late in life) 1755, Marie 
Genevieve Louise, da. of Francois (Gauthier), Marquis of Chiffreville, 
in Normandy. He d. 9 Sep. 1761, at Montpelier, aged 62. ('^) Admon., 
as the "Rt. Hon. Charles O'Brien, late Mareschal of France," i^c, 
28 Jan. 1763. His widow d. at Paris, 6 Apr. 1763, aged 26. 

VII. 1 76 1 7. Charles O'Brien, who, but for the attainder, 

to was Earl of Thomond [I. 1543], Viscount Clare 

1774. [I. 1662], Baron Ibrackan [I. 1552], and Baron 

Moyarta [I. 1662], only s. and h., b. in Paris 1757. 

He d. unm., aged 17, at Paris, 29 Dec. 1774,0 when all his honours, 

which were already under attainder, became extinct.(^ 



i.e. "Clare" Viscountcy [I.] {Nugent), cr. 1767; See "Nugent," 

(^) His yr. br., Henry, was h. at St. Germain 14, and hap. there 15 Feb. 1701. 
V.G. 

C") In this siege his maternal uncle, Field Marshal the Duke of Berwick (whose 
2nd wife was Anne Bulkeley) was slain. 

("=) His uncle James (Fitzjames), Duke of Berwick (above referred to), had been 
similarly honoured, 3 June 1724, as also, i Jan. 1776, Arthur Dillon, Archbishop 
of Narbonne, br. of the loth and 11th Viscounts Dillon, and on 27 Nov. 1815, 
the famous Duke of Wellington ; these four being, apparently, the only Englishmen 
received into that order. 

(<*) Mrs. Delany calls him "a gay flattering audacious Frenchman," and adds 
that "he was thought an Adonis by a set of ladies, but in my eyes he was most 
despicable, and excessi\ ely vain of his person, and silly." V.G. 

(') The date and place are sometimes given as 21 July 1774, in Dover Street. 

(') His only sister, Antoinette Charlotte Marie Septimanie, b. in Paris 1758, 
m. the Due do Clioiseul-Praslin, and had issue. 



CLARE 255 

Enrldom of [I.], cr. (with a spec, rem.) 1776; the Viscountcy of Clare (con- 
trariwise) becoming extinct (on the death of the grantee) in 1788. 



EARLDOM [I.] I. John FitzGibbon, 2nd, but ist surv. s. of John 
FiTzG.jof Mount Shannon, CO. Limerick,('') by Eleanor, da. 
I. 1795. °^ John Grove, of Ballyhimock, co. Cork, was k 1748, 

entered Dublin Univ. (as a Fellow Commoner) 1763, ob- 
taining nearly all the honours open to him; B.A. 1767, LL.D. /wnoris 
causa 1779; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 7 June 1769, being then aged 21; 
was incorporated B.A. 2 Mar. 1770, M.A. 9 May 1770 ; called at King's 
Inns 1772; M.P.('') for Dublin Univ. 1778-83, and for Kilmallock 1783-89. 
P.C. [I.] 20 Dec. 1783, [U.K.] I Oct. 1790. Having greatly distinguished 
himself at the Bar, he was in Nov. 1783, made Attorney Gen. [I.], and in 
June 1789 promoted to be Lord Chancellor [L], an office he held till his 
death. On 6 July 1789, he was cr. BARON FITZGIBBON OF LOWER 
CONNELLO, CO. Limerick [I.], on 6 Dec. 1793, cr. VISCOUNT FITZ- 
GIBBON OF LIMERICK, co. Limerick [I.], on 12 Tune 1795, EARL 
OF CLARE [I.l, and, finally, 2+ Sep. I799,(^) BARON FITZGIBBON 
OF SIDBURY,^co. Devon [G.B.]. Vice Chancellor of Dublin Univ., 
22 June 1 79 1 till his death. He ;;/. (spec. lie. in Dublin), i July 1786, at 
St. Stephen's Green, Dublin, Anne, ist da. of Richard Chapel Whaley, of 
Whaley Abbey, co. Wicklow, by Anne, da. of the Rev. Bernard Ward. 
He i/. in Ely Place, Dublin, 28, and was ^ur. 31 Jan. 1802, at St. Peter's 
there, aged 53.('*) Will pr. 1 802. His widow ^. 13 Jan. 1 844, in Belgrave 
Sq., Midx. Will pr. Feb. 1 844. 

(^) He was a barrister of some repute in Dublin, and M.P. in the Irish Parlia- 
ment for Newcastle 1761-68, and for Jamestown 1768-76. 

C") Sir John Blaquiere writes of him then, "A lawyer of great eminence — 
generally in opposition, and yet will ask great favours at a most critical time." V.G. 

(■=) His peerage [G.B.] was given him for his services in forwarding the Union, 
but Lord Cornwallis privately recommended that he should not be kept waiting till 
" the day of general remuneration " should arrive. For a list of creations in the Irish 
Peerage at the time of the Union, see Appendix D to this volume. V.G. 

{^) His sombre and splendid oration in favour of the Union delivered in the 
Irish House of Lords in Feb. 1800 can still be read with interest, and a great deal of 
it is as true now as when the words were uttered. He expresses his desire to advance 
Ireland from her degraded post of a mercenary province to the proud station of an 
integral and governing member of the greatest empire in the world. He naturally 
incurred the bitter hatred of its opposers. Such a one was Sir Jonah Barrington, whose 
character of him, in his Rise and Fall of the Irish Nation, is a piece of eloquent vitu- 
peration. He considers, indeed, that the Union " effected his total overthrow," inasmuch 
as " his importance had expired with the Irish Pari." — " during the twenty momentous 
and eventful years, the life of Lord Clare is, in fact, the history of Ireland — as in romance, 
some puissant and doughty chieftain appears prominent in every feat of chivalry — the 
champion in every strife — the hero of every encounter — and, after a life of toil and 
battle, falls, surrounded by a host of foes, a victim to his own ambition and temerity." 



256 



CLARE 



II. 1802. 2. John (FitzGibbon), Earl of Clare, i^c. [I.], 

also Baron FitzGibbon of Sidbury [G.B.], ist s. and 
h., b. 10 June 1792, in Dublin; ed. at Harrow school ;(*) matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.), I Feb. 18 10, B.A., 18 12, M.A., 18 19; Governor of Bombay, 
1830-34; P.C. 25 Aug. 1830; G.C.H., 1835; K.P., 17 Sep. 1845. Lord 
Lieut. Sep. 1848, and Gustos Rot. 1850, of co. Limerick, both till his death. 
He m., 14 Apr. 1826, at Richmond, Surrey, Elizabeth Julia Georgiana, 3rd 
da. of Peter (Burrell), ist Baron Gwydir, by Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth, 
suo jure Baroness Willoughby (of Eresby), who separated from him.C") 
He d. s.p., at Brighton, 18 Aug. 1851, aged 59. Will dat. 7 Apr., pr. 
26 Sep. 1 85 1. His widow, who was i>. 25 Mar. 1793, d. 30 Apr. 1879, at 
Ryde, where she had built a Roman Catholic church some 30 years previously. 
Will dat. 29 Feb. 1872, pr. 4 July 1879. 

in. 1 85 1 2. Richard Hobart (FitzGibbon), Earl of Clare 

to [I. 1795], Viscount FitzGibbon of Limerick [I. 1793], 

1864. and Baron FitzGibbon of Lower Connello [I. 1789], 

also Baron FitzGibbon of Sidbury [G.B. 1799], br. and 

Sir Egerton Brydges (in his Biographical Peerage, 1 808), on the other hand thus writes 
of him. "He was a man of a vigorous and bold mind; of superior talents and un- 
daunted loyalty, who stemmed the torrent of rebellion in Ireland, unawed by threats and 
unbroken by the dreadful difficulties of the cl-isis." " His voice tho' clear and distinct is 
neither commanding nor melodious for it has a shrillness of tone . . . Altho' possessed 
of great private fortune not less than ;^7,000 a year, and acquiring by his profession 
nearly as much more, he is yet the uniform supporter of every measure of every adminis- 
tration. He has undoubtedly understanding enough to see what is right, and we 
should hope integrity enough to pursue it. The fact is inexplicable." {J Reviexu of 
the Irish H. of Commons, I 789, by the Rev. John Scott). He is stated to have been 
" of humble origin, his father's father having been a very small farmer who worked 
his land himself." He was " the most vehement opposer of the Catholic pretensions 
to share in the privileges of the Constitution . . . Like Thurlow he was in early life 
a man of dissipation . . . like Thurlow he is pompous and dictatorial in his manner 
. , . like Thurlow he professes no great veneration for the people or their rights." 
{Sketches of Irish political character, lj<)g). In the Life of Curran, by his son, he is 
described as "of slender figure, not very robust health, and rather delicate features; 
he had the haughty air, the imperious glance, and the despotic will of a Roman 
Emperor." " He was arrogant and domineering ; he delighted in insulting language 
and in despotic measures, and he had a supreme contempt for the majority of his fellow 
countrymen, but he was wholly free from the taint of personal cruelty, and he was 
too brave and too strong to be blinded or swayed by the passions of the hour." 
{History of England in the iSth cent., by Lecky, vol. viii, p. 185). "In private life I 
can affirm that he was a generous and indulgent landlord, a kind master and an 
attached friend." {Essays by an Octogenarian, 1851, vol. ii, pp. 114, 115). V.G. 

(») Where he formed a friendship with Lord Byron, of whose Childish Recollec- 
tions, he is the "Lycus." Byron addressed two poems to him, one beginning 
" Friend of my youth." He was a Conservative, but followed Peel in his tergiver- 
sation on the question of the Corn Laws. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*>) "How amiable of Lord Clare to be sorry, if he is! I should be so pleased 
never to see her again." (Harriet, Countess Granville, letter, 19 Feb. 1829). V.G. 



CLARE 257 

h. He was b. i Oct. 1793, in Dublin; was sometime an officer in the Army, 
serving at Oporto, Talavera, 1^0.; M.P. (Whig) for co. Limerick, 18 18-41; 
Usher and Registrar of Affidavits in Chancery [I.] 18 10 till the abolition 
of that office in 1836; Lord Lieut, of co. Limerick, 1831 to Sep. 1848, 
and again Sep. 1 8 5 1 , till his death. He w., at the British Consulate at Dun- 
kerque, 1 1 July 1825, and again 9 Jan. 1826, at St. James's, Westm., Diana 
(whose marriage in 18 14 with Maurice Crosbie Moore had been dis- 
solved by Pari, in 1825), ist da. of Charles Brydges Woodcock, of Brent- 
ford Butts, Midx. He d. s.p.m.s., at 9 Kensington Palace Gardens, Midx., 
10 Jan. 1 864, when all his honours became extinct.(^) His widow ^.29 Sep. 
1865, at 31 Bryanston Sq., Midx. 

[John Charles Henry FitzGibbon, styled Viscount FitzGibbon, 
only s. and h. ap., b. 2 May 1829; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 21 Oct. 
1846, aged 17; Lieut. 8th Hussars. He d. unm. and v.p., being slain at 
the battle of Balaklava, 25 Oct. 1854, aged 25.] 



See " Carleton of Clare," Viscountcy [I.] (Car/eton), cr. 1797; 
exAnct 1826. 



See " FitzGerald and Vesci of Clare and Inchicronan, co. Clare," 
Barony [I.] (Vesey-FitzGerald), cr. 1826 ; extinct i860. 



CLARENCE 

DUKEDOM. LioneLjC") styled "of Antwerp," 3rd, but 2nd surv. s. 

, , of Edward III, by Philippe, da. of William, Count 

~ of Holland and Hainault, was b. 29 Nov. 1338, at 

^j, Antwerp, and having (in his 4th year) m., 9 Sep. 1342, 

■^ ■ at the Tower of London, Elizabeth, only da. and h. of 

William (de Burgh), 3rd Earl of Ulster [L], by Maud, 
da. of HenryjC") Earl of Lancaster, consummated the said marriage, 
when aged 14, in 1352. By this match, he became, in her right. Earl of 
Ulster [I.], being recognised as such previous to 26 Jan. 1347, and 
acquired not only the right to the vast estates in Ireland (°) of the de Burgh 
family, but the possession of a large part (including the honour of Clare) 
of the estates of the great family of De Clare (Earls of Gloucester and 
Hertford) in right of his said wife's paternal grandmother, Elizabeth, 

(^) This was one of the extinctions used (under the Act of Union) for the creation 
in 1868 of the Barony of Rathdonnel. V.G. 

C') As to his supposed name of " Plantagenet," see vol. i, p. 183, note "c." 
(') He was unable to get actual possession of all these owing to the preva- 
lence of the right of the heir male in the kingdom of Ireland. See, ante, p. 228, 
note " c," sub " Clanricarde." 

33 



258 CLARENCE 

" Lady of Clare" wife of John de Burgh, 3rd and yst. sister and coh. of 
Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester, ^c., abovenamed. He was, 
accordingly, on 13 Nov. 1362, ^r. in full Parl.(^) DUKE OF CLARENCE 
{^'■de Clarentia "). He had, when a mere child, been made Guardian 
of England, i July 1345 and 25 June 1346, and had (as Earl of Ulster), 
probably shortly before Apr. 1361, been nom. K.G.;('') Chief Gov. of 
Ireland, i July 1361-64, again 1364-65, and again for some part of 1367. 
His wife, who was six years his senior, was b. 6 July 1332, and d. 1363, 
at Dublin, being bur. at Clare Priory. He m., 2ndly (cont. Westm., 1 5 May 
1367), with great state, 28 May 1368, at Milan, Violanta, da. of Galeazzo 
ViscoNTi, SiGNORE Di MiLANO, by Bianca Maria, da. of Aimo, Count of 
Savoy. Soon after this he d. s.p.m., 17 Oct. 1368, aged nearly 30, at Alba 
{Longuevil), in Piedmont, and was bur. at Pavia, but subsequently removed 
to England, and bur. at Clare Priory afsd. Will dat. 3 Oct. 1368, at 
Alba, "pr. 8 June 1369, at Lambeth. (') By his death the Dukedom 
of Clarence became extinct, the Irish Earldom of Ulster, as also the Honour 
of Clare, devolving on his da. and sole h.('^) His widow m., 2 Aug. 1377, 
at Pavia, Ottone Paleologo, Marquis of Monferrato, who was mur- 
dered at Langhirano, near Parma, Dec. 1378. She m., 3rdly, her ist cousin, 
Lodovico ViscoNTi, Signore di Lodi, who was b. Sep. 1358, and d. 18 Apr. 
1381. She d. 1382. 



II. 141 1 Thomas,(') styled " of Lancaster," 2nd s. of Henry IV, 

to by his ist wife, Mary, da. and coh. of Humphrey (de 

1421. Bohun), Earl of Hereford, was b. 29 Sep. 1389; on 

4 Oct. 1399 he was app. Seneschal of England,^) but on 



(=) Rot. Prtr/., vol. ii, p. 273. "Having also the Honour of Clare in co. Suffolk 
[he] was in a Pari, held 1362, cr. Duke of Clarence, as it were of the country about 
the town. Castle and honour of Clare, from which Duchy the name Clarenceux 
(being the title of the King of Arms for the south, east, and west parts of England on 
this side Trent) is derived." See " Sandford," p. 222. As to the fanciful derivation 
of the word Clarence from a Greek title " Clarenza," conjectured to have been borne by 
the Hainault family, there is certainly no evidence (even granting that it ever existed) 
for its transfer to the family of Edward III. See an article on " Clare," by J. W. 
Donaldson, in vol. i of the transactions oi The Bury and IVest Suffolk Arch. Inst., 1853, 
in which vol. is also an article describing the Castle of Clare, by Samuel Tymms. 
See further observations as to the title of Clarence and Clare, ante, p. 247, note " f." 
For the designation of the present members of the College of Arms, see vol. ii. 
Appendix E. 

C') For a list of the Knights of the Garter, see vol. ii, Appendix B. 

(<=) Royal Wills, p. 88. 

{^) This was Philippe, who m., 1368, Edmund (de Mortimer), Earl of March, and 
whose great-great-grandson and heir ascended (in her right) the throne, as Edward IV, 
whereby the Honour of Clare became vested in the Crown. 

(^) As to his supposed name of " Plantagenet," see vol. i, p. 183, note " c." 

(') His father "dans ei virgam officii." {Jnnales Henrici quarti). V.G. 



CLARENCE 259 

account of his youth the Earl of Worcester was app. Deputy Steward; K.B., 
12 Oct. 1399; K.G., circa 1400; Chief Gov. of Ireland, under the style of 
"Thomas of Lancaster," 1 401-13, though frequently absent. Lord High 
Adm. under the style of "King's Admiral," 1405-06; Member of the 
Council, 141 1. Constable of Hawarden Castle, Chester, and of Mohaut 
Castle, Flint, in reversion 2 Feb. 141 1/2, and in possession 27 Apr. 141 5. On 
9 July 1412 he was cr. EARL OF AUMALE(^) AND DUKE OF 
CLARENCE.C") Lieut, of Aquitaine, 1412-13; High Steward of Chester, 
141 5. He presided at the trial for treason, in 141 5, of Richard, Earl of 
Cambridge, and Henry, Lord Scrope of Masham.('^) Constable of the 
Army, 141 7; and Lieut. Gen. of the Army in France and Normandy, 
1 41 7-2 1. He was in command at the siege of Rouen, which lasted 6 months 
and ended in its capture, 19 Jan. i4i8/9.("') He m., 141 1 (Papal Disp. to 
m. 10 Nov. 141 1), Margaret, widow of John (Beaufort), Marquess of 
Somerset [and of Dorset], da. of Thomas (de Holand), 2nd Earl of Kent, 
by Alice, da. of Richard (FitzAlan), Earl of Arundel. He i/. s.p. leg'tt., 
aged 31, being slain, while in command, by Sir John de la Croise, at the 
battle of Bauge, in Anjou,(°) 22 Mar. 1 420/1, when all his honours became 
extinct. Will dat. 10 July 1417, pr. 23 Nov. 1423, at Lambeth. (*) His 
body was conveyed to England, and bur. (near his father) in Canterbury 
Cathedral. («) His widow, who in 1428 desiring "to lead a celibate life 
and putting aside worldly pomps," was living hard by the Augustinian 
Monastery of St. Saviour's, London, d. 30 Dec. 1439, and was there bur. 



(f) See, ante, vol. i, p. 358. 

('') It is difficult to conjecture why this title was selected, as the honour of Clare 
was in the hands of the York line of the Royal family. By the Inq.p. m. of this Duke, 
it appears that no particle of the Clare estates was held by him. 

C^) In the learned work of the late L. W. Vernon-Harcourt, Hn Grace the 
Steward and the trial of Peers, it is argued (pp. 190, 378-9, 402-7) that, though 
Thomas was Lord High Steward, he did not preside at this trial in that capacity. The 
author admits, however, that this trial was "the true source of the Court of the Lord 
High Steward" (p. 379). He holds it doubtful whether Thomas was appointed for 
life or in fee. {ex inform. J. H. Round). V.G. 

C) "And the Erie of Urmonde there lay bye, 

Next Clarance wyt a full fayre manye, 
And Cornewall, that comelye Knygte, 
He lay wyt Clarance both daye and nygte." 

V.G. 
(^) For the English nobles slain and taken prisoner in this defeat, see vol. i, p. 151, 
note " i," aVffl y7«fOT. V.G. 
(f) Royal IVilh, p. 230. 

(8) According to Sandford, p. 311, the following punning doggerel distich has 
been read for the Duke's epitaph: 

" Hie jacet in tumulo Tho., Dux Clar., nunc quasi nullus. 
Qui fuit in bello Clarus, nee Clarior ullus." 



26o CLARENCE 

under a magnificent monument to herself and her two husbands. Inq.p. ;»., 
Devon, i8 Hen. VI (1439-40). 



III. 1461 George Plantagenet, 6th but 3rd surv. s. of Richard, 

to Duke of York, by Cicely, da. of Ralph (Nevill), Earl 

1478. of Westmorland, was b. 11 Oct. 1449, in Dublin 

Castle, and bap. in the Church of St. Saviour. Nom. 
K.G. 1 46 1. On 28 June 1461 he was cr. DUKE OF CLARENCE.(^) 
K.B., 27 June 1461. Chief Gov. of Ireland, Feb. 1461/2 to Mar. 1469/70, 
and again 1472. For the better support of his new dignities, the King, 
by letters patent, 20 Sep. 1462, granted to him, "com. honorem et dnium 
nrm. Richmondie que quidem com. honorem et dnium Edmundus Hadham 
nup. comes Richemondie nup. h'uit et tenuit."('') He joined his father- 
in-law, the Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, in the rebellion against the King 
(his brother) in favour of the deposed King, Henry VI, but, changing 
sides, assisted in King Edward's victory at Barnet, 14 Apr. 147 1. In this 
battle his wife's father was slain, whereupon he, "in consideration of that 
his marriage," was, by separate patents, each dat. 25 Mar. 147 1/2, cr. Earl 
OF Warwick and Earl of Salisbury. On 20 May following he was 
made Great Chamberlain of England. He took part with the King 
in his expedition against France, 1474-75, and signed the treaty of peace, 
13 Aug. 1475. (") He m., 11 July 1469, at Calais, Isabel, ist da. and 
coh. presumptive of Richard (Nevill), Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, 
by Anne, da. of Richard (Beauchamp), Earl of Warwick. She, who was 
b. 5 Sep. 1 45 1, at Warwick Castle, d. there 22 Dec. 1476, and was 
bur. at Tewkesbury. ('') He thereupon proposed to marry Mary, da. of 



(*) He was cr. Duke of Clarence at the same time that his yr. br., Richard, 
was cr. Duke of Gloucester, which was done " cingendo sibi gladium ac per 
apposicionem cappe capiti suo." This took place in London on St. Peter's Day 
(Sunday, 28 June) 1461. [Issue Rolls, Easter 2 Edw. IV, w. 3). He was first sum. 
to Pari, as Duke of Clarence, 28 Feb. 1466/7. V.G. 

('') He appears to have thenceforth styled himself (after his Peerage title) 
" Dominus de Richemond [i.e. Lord of the Honour of Richmond] et magnus Camerarius 
Anglie." 

(^) "The King being in his field beside a village called Seyncre, within Ver- 
mondose, a little from Peron, there being with him his brothers the Dukes of Clarence 
and Gloucester, the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the Marquis of Dorset, the Earls 
of Northumberland, Rivers, and Pembroke, the Lords Grey Ruthin, Scrope [of 
Bolton], Grey [of] Codnor, Stanley, Hastynges, Ferrers, and Howard, the Earl 
Douglas, the Lord Lisle." Also Sir Thomas Burgh, afterwards, 1487, ist Lord 
Burgh. V.G. 

{^) Ankarette Twynho, formerly a servant of the Duchess, was seized by the 



CLARENCE 261 

the Duke of Burgundy, a match which was much opposed by the 
Queen Consort. He was accused ot high treason, found guilty, and 
attainted, 8 Feb. 14.JJ/8, whereby all his honours htczmt forfeited. He was 
executed Q in the Tower of London 18 Feb. following (said to have been 
drowned in a butt of malmsey), and was bur. at Tewkesbury, aged 28. 
For particulars of his s. and h. see Warwick, Earldom of. 



DUKEDOM. I. H.R.H. Prince William Henry, 3rd s. of George 

.„ - III, by Charlotte Sophia, da. of Karl Ludwig, Duke of 

' " Mecklenburg-Strelitz, was b. 21 Aug., and bap. 

g 20 Sep. 1765, at St. James's Palace. At the age of five 

^ ' he was, 5 Apr. 1770, nom. K.T., and, when 17, was 

nom., 19 Apr. 1782, K.G., inst. 28 May 1801. Joined 
the Royal Nav}' in May 1779, becoming Post Captain, 1786; Rear Adm. 
1790; Vice Adm. 1794; Adm. 1799. Adm. of the Fleet, 1811-21, and 
1823-30; and from May 1827 to Aug. 1828, Lord High Admiral.(''). 
On 20 May 1789 he was cr. EARL OF MUNSTER [L], and, in the same 
patent, DUKE OF CLARENCE and ST. ANDREWS.(=) P.C. 

23 June 1789. F.S.A. 3 Feb. 1791; Ranger of Greenwich Park, 1794-97; 
Ranger of Bushey Park 1 797-1 830; Knight of the Ste. Esprit of France, 

24 Apr. 1 8 14; Knight of St. Andrew of Russia; Knight of the Black Eagle 
of Prussia; G.C.B., 2 Jan. 1815; G.C.H., 12 Aug. 1815. D.C.L. of 
Oxford, by diploma, 18 Oct. 1816; General of Marines, 1823-30; F.R.S. 
26 Apr. 1827; Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1828 till his death, 
and Master thereof 1829-31 .(^) He m., 1 1 July 1 8 1 8, at Kew Palace, Surrey 



Duke's order, when living in the manor of Cayford, carried 70 miles, tried, convicted 
and hanged at Warwick, on the charge of having " given the said Isabel a venomous 
drink of ale mixed with poison, of which the latter sickened until the Sunday before 
Christmas, on which day she died." {Patent Roll). V.G. 

(=) Shakespere attributes his death to the machinations of his brother Richard, 
and Sir Thomas More states that his execution was but half-heartedly opposed by 
Richard (afterwards Richard III). V.G. 

('') For this and other great offices of state see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

("=) Selected, presumably, out of compliment to Scotland, just as " York and 
Albany;" "Gloucester and Edinburgh;" "Kent and Strathearn;" "Cumberland and 
Teviotdale," iifc. 

C^) He voted against Cath. Emancipation in 1828, and for it in 1829. He 
appears in 1790, "The Royal Sailor and Polly Finch," in the notorious tete-a-tetr 
portraits in the Town and Country Mag., vol. xxii, p. 9, where also, in 1786 
(vol. xviii, p. 625), had appeared Mrs. Jordan, his subsequent mistress, as "Mrs. 



262 CLARENCE 

(the same date and place as that of the marriage (*) of his next br., the 
Duke of Kent), Adelaide Louisa Theresa Caroline Amelia, ist da. of 
Georg Friedrich Karl, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, by Louisa Eleanora, 
da. of Christian Albrecht Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. 
She, who was b. 13 Aug. 1792, d. 2 Dec. 1849. He ascended the 
throne as William IV, 26 June 1830, when all his honours merged in the 
Crown. 



DUKEDOM. I. //./?.//. Albert Victor Christian Edward, Prince 

^ OF THE United Kingdom of Great Britain and 

° Ireland, Duke of SaxonYjC') ist s. and h. ap. of H.R.H. 

Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, 

^~' fffc. by Alexandra, ist da. of Christiern IX, King of Den- 

mark, was l>. at Frogmore House, Berks, 8 Jan., and bap. 
10 Mar. 1864, in the chapel of Buckingham palace; entered the Royal 
Navy (with his yr. br.) 1877, becoming a midshipman 1880 ; ed. at Trin. 
Coll. Cambridge 1883; Lieut. loth Hussars 1886; Capt. 9th Lancers, 
Capt. 3rd King's Royal Rifles, and A.D.C. to the Queen, 1887; Major 
loth Hussars 1889; Hon. Col. 4th regt. Bengal infantry, ist Punjaub 
cavalry and 4th Bombay cavalry; K.G. 3 Sep. 1883; K.P. 28 June 1887; 
Grand Cross of the Lion of the Netherlands; of Charles III of Spain; 
the Annunciata of Italy; the Star of Roumania; the Osmanli of Turkey; 
the Tower and Sword of Portugal; and the Southern Cross of Brazil. 
Hon. LL.D. of Cambridge and Dublin. He was cr., 24 May 1890, 
EARL OF ATHLONE and DUKE OF CLARENCE AND OF 
AVONDALE.('=) He d. unm. and v.p., of pneumonia, at the house of his 



Tomboy " with " The Irish Manager," i.e. Richard Daly. See Appendix B in the 
last vol. of this work. 

{') See note sub Cambridge. 

C") His German title of inheritance is omitted in the patent of creation, and 
he is described therein (somewhat colloquially) as " Prince Albert Victor Christian 
Edward of JFales" so also is his brother described, when, two years later, cr. Duke 
of York. " 

i^) Hamilton of Wishaw states of Avondale (otherwise Avandale, Avendale or 
Evendale), a parish, of nearly 40,000 acres, in Lanarkshire, that " this Baronie did 
anciently belong to the Bairds, and thereafter came to Sinclair, and from them to the 
Earle of Douglas, with whom it continued several! ages; and after his fatall forfaulture 
in anno 1455 it was given by King James III to Andrew Stewart, whom he created 
Lord Avendale and it continued with him and his heires until 1538 or thereby, that 
he exchanged it with Sir James Hamilton for the Baronie of Ochiltree," from whom 
it has passed to the present Dukes of Hamilton. It has indeed given the name of an 
Earldom [S.] to the family of Douglas, 1437 to 1455, and of a Barony [S.] to that 



CLARENCE 263 

parents, Sandringham Hall, Norfolk, 14 Jan. 1892, aged 28, and was bur. 
in Windsor chapel, when all his honours became extinct.(^) 



i.e. "Clarence," Earldom of [H.R.H. Prince Leopold), cr. 1881, 
with the Dukedom of Albany, which see. 



CLARENDONC) 

EARLDOM. I. Edward Hyde, 3rd s. of Henry H. (^/. Mich. 

X ,^ 1632 at Salisbury), of Purton and Dinton, Wilts,('=) by 

Mary, da. and coh. of Edward Langford, a rich clothier 
of Trowbridge, was b. 18 Feb. 1608/9, ^^ Dinton afsd.; 
matric. at Oxford (Magd. Hall), 31 Jan. 1622/3; a demy of Magd. Coll. 
1624; B.A. 14 Feb. 1625/6; Barrister (Mid. Temple), 22 Nov. 1633; 
Keeper of the writs of the Common Pleas, 1634; M.P. for Wootton 
Basset, being also elected for Shaftesbury (Short Pari.) 1640, and for Saltash, 
1640-42; P. C. 22 Feb. 1642/3, re-sworn, to Charles II, 13 May 1649, ^"^ 
removed 4 Dec. 1667; knighted 22 Feb. 1642/3; Chancellor and Under 
Treasurer of the Exchequer, Mar. 1642/3 to June i66o;('') Councillor to 



of Stewart from 1459 to 1543, at which last date the then Lord obtained an act of Pari. 
[S.] to exchange the title of Lord Avendale for that of " Stewart of Ochiltree." 

(^) His untimely and unexpected death was a great shock to the nation, and was 
rendered more sad by his having been but a few weeks previously betrothed to his 
cousin, the Princess Mary of Teck, afterwards wife of his brother. 

C") Clarendon, latinized as Clarentia domi?iium, anciently a Royal forest of about 
4,300 acres (some three miles from Salisbury), in the palace whereof Henry II, in 1 164, 
held the council which passed the laws, called therefrom " the Constitutions of Claren- 
don." It was granted, by Charles II, to George (Monck), Duke of Albemarle, from 
whose successor it was inherited by the family of Granville (Earls of Bath), and, finally, 
in I7i3> was purchased by the Bathurst family, who still possess it. 

i^) He was yr. s. of Lawrence H., 3rd s. of Robert H. His br., Sir Nicholas 
Hyde, was Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 1627-31. They were of a respectable 
but undistinguished county family who had held the estates of Norbury and H)de in 
Cheshire from very early times. V.G. 

{^) Doyle [Official Baronage, vol. i, p. 402) states, without reference to any 
authority, that he was made Under Treasurer of the Exchequer 19 July 1642 and 
Chancellor of the Exchequer in Feb. 1643; hut these offices, since the reign of 
Henry VII, have always been held by the same person. Doyle's dates, though given 
with apparent exactitude, cannot be depended upon when, as here, he cites no 
authority. Clarendon himself records that he first held office when he accepted the 
Chancellorship of the Exchequer in succession to Colepepper at the end of Feb. 
1642/3; moreover Colepepper is described as "Chancellor and Under Treasurer of 



264 



CLARENDON 



the Prince of Wales, 1644-49. ^Y Charles II, when in exile, he was sent 
as Joint Ambassador (with Lord Cottington) to Spain, 1649-51 ; Sec. of State, 
1653-57; Lord High Chancellor (so declared at Bruges), Jan. 1657/8 to 
Aug. i667;(*) First Commissioner of the Treasury, June to Sep. 1660. 
He refused to accept what he regarded as the unconstitutional post of 
Prime Minister, but was so in fact for some time after the Restoration. 
Chanc. of Oxford Univ. 22 Oct. 1660-67, when he resigned. High 
Steward of Cambridge (borough) 1660-70. On 3 Nov. 1660, having 
previously refused a peerage, he was cr. BARON HYDE OF HINDON, 
Wilts, with a Royal gift of ;{,"20,ooo,('') and on 20 Apr. 1661, was cr. VIS- 
COUNT CORNBURY,(0 Oxford, and EARL OF CLARENDON.C*) 

the Exchequer" in patents appointing Commissioners of the Treasury dated 8 Feb. 
I 64 1/2 and 28 Sep. 1642, and Hyde similarly under date 7 Mar. 1642/3. {ex inform. 
the Rev. A. B. Beaven). V.G. 

(^) For the great Officers of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

C") The marriage, in 1660, of his da. Anne, with James, Duke of York (after- 
wards James II), the h. presumptive to the Crown, was, at about this time, made 
public, and probably contributed to his unpopularity. 

(<=) The estate of Cornbury had been presented to him by the King. He spent 
great sums on enlarging the mansion, which was sold in 1751 to the Duke of Marl- 
borough, and is now (191 2) in the possession of Vernon James Watney (see 
Churchill of Whichwood). The Earl was mortgagee of the Royal domain of 
Clarendon (from Charles I), from which he took his Earldom, and, not unreasonably, 
expected the grant of the equity of redemption thereof, which, however, he never 
obtained. See previous page, note " c." 

{^) An account of this and other creations, made a few days before the Coronation, 
is in Evelyn's Diary, as under: i66i, April 22. "Was the splendid cavalcade of His 
Majesty from the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him, in the Banquetting 
House create six Earls and as many Barons, viz.: — [i] Edward [Hyde] Lord Hyde, 
Lord Chancellor [rr.] Earl of Clarendon, supported by the Earls of Northum- 
berland and Sussex; the Earl of Bedford carried the cap and coronet; the Earl of 
Warwick the sword, [and] the Earl of Newport, the mantle. Next was 
[2] Capel, cr. Earl of Essex; [3] Brudenell, cr. Earl of Cardigan]; [4], Annesley 
Viscount] Valentia [I.], cr. Earl of Anglesea; [5] Greenvill, cr. Earl of Bath; 
and [6] Howard, cr. Earl of Carlisle. The Barons were [i] Denzille Holles; 
[2] Cornwallis; [3] Booth [cr. Baron Delamere]; [4] Townshend; [5] Cooper 
[cr. Baron Ashley]; and [6] Crew, who were led up by several Peers, with Garter and 
officers of arms before them; when, after obedience on their several approaches to the 
throne, their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms, which, being received 
by the Lord Chamberlain and delivered to His Majesty, and by him to the Secretary of 
State, were read, and then again delivered to his Majesty, and by him to the several 
Lords created; they were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his 
Majesty, and they were placed in rank on both sides the state and throne; but the 
Barons put off their caps and circles and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping 
on their coronets, as cousins to the King." In this same year there was also a num- 
ber of the eldest sons of Earls sum. in their father's Baronies, while in the previous 
year (that of the Restoration, 1660) Lord Jermyn had been cr. Earl of St. Albans; 
the loyal Marquess of Ormonde [I.], being cr. Earl of Brecknock; Monck, Duke 
OF Albemarle; Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, and Hyde, Baron Hyde of Hindon. 



CLARENDON 265 

Ranger of Whichwood forest, 1661; High Steward of Norwich Cathedral 
1661-70, and of Yarmouth 1661 till his death; First Commissioner for the 
sale of Dunkirk, i662;(^) High Steward of Salisbury, 4 Oct. 1662; Lord 
Lieut, of Oxon 1663-67, of Wilts June to Nov. 1667; F.R.S. 8 Feb. 1664/5; 
Lord High Steward, 12 Apr. 1666 for the trial of Lord Morley. High 
Steward of Woodstock, 1667. On 30 Aug. 1667, having refused to 
resign the Great Seal, it was taken from him.C") In the House of Commons 
in October following, a bill was passed to impeach him of high treason, 
but rejected by the Lords. To avoid persecution he quitted England 
finally, 29 Nov. 1667. He ;«., istly, in 1629, Anne, da. of Sir George 
Ayliffe, of Gretenham, Wilts (otherwise described as Sir Gregory AylofF, of 
Robson, Wilts). She d. s.p., of the smallpox, at Reading, some six months 
afterwards. He »;., 2ndly, 10 July 1634, at St. Margaret's, Westm. 
(lie. from Dean and Chapter of Westm.), Frances, da. and eventually 
sole h. of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bart., Master of the Requests, by Anne, 
1st da. and coh. of Francis Denman, of West Retford, Notts. She, who was 
bap. 25 Aug. 1 61 7, at St. Margaret's, Westm., d. at St. James's, suddenly, 
8, and was bur. i-j Aug. 1667, in Westm. Abbey. He d. at Rouen, 19 Dec. 
1674, and was bur. 5 Jan. 1674/5, in Westm. Abbey, aged 65. Will dat. 
i/ii Dec. 1674, pr. 14 Dec. 1675. (") 

(^) The site of " Clarendon House " on the north side of Piccadilly, exactly 
facing St. James's Str. and Palace, was granted to him by the King, 13 June 1664. 
Pepys says, 20 Feb. 1664/5, that the "common people have already called [it] 
Dunkirke House from their opinion of his having a good bribe for the selling of that 
towne," and again, 14 June 1667, that there was "a gibbet either set up before or 
painted upon his gate, and these three words writ: — 
' Three sights to be seen, 
Dunkirke, Tangier, and a barren Queene.' " 

Soon after his death, his sons, 10 July 1675, sold the house "that (says Evelyn, 
18 Sep. 1683) cost ^^50,000, for ^^25,000," to the second Duke of Albemarle, who 
again sold it to Sir Thomas Bond and others, with about 24 acres of land attached, 
for j^35,ooo. It was then pulled down. Bond Str., Albemarle Str., &c., being laid 
out on its site. 

C") The freedom with which he administered advice to the King, the hatred 
of the King's then favourite (the Duchess of Cleveland), of the Duke of Buckingham, 
Lord Arlington, and of all the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian Party, were the 
leading causes of his fall. 

if) He " will ever be regarded with admiration and reverence for his devoted 
adherence to Charles I during his misfortunes, and to Charles II for nearly 20 years 
after — the almost universal verdict, after two centuries of investigation — [which is] 
an unreserved acknowledgment of his loyalty, his wisdom, and his integrity." See 
Yo'SbS Judges of England. Horace Walpole most happily says of him, "in his double capa- 
city of Statesman and Historian, he acted for liberty, but wrote for prerogative." G.E.C. 
"It speaks volumes for his honesty that after holding all but the highest offices of 
State, he died poor." (Note to Th. Hearne, by C. E. Doble). His Life by Sir Henry 
Craik, a fair and able work from the Tory standpoint, was pub. in igii. He was 
honest, staunch, austere, dignified, wise, and moderate, a competent public servant and 
a loyal subject; he was infelix opportunitate vita, and the excesses of Puritanism and of 

34 



266 CLARENDON 

II. 1674. 2. Henry (Hyde), Earl of Clarendon, fffc, ist s. 

and h., b. 2, and bap. 11 June 1638, at St. Margaret's, 
Westm. M.P. (Tory) for Lyme Regis June to Dec. 1660, for Wilts {styled 
Viscount Cornbury), 1661-74; was cr. M.A., Oxford, by diploma, 14 Feb. 
1 660/1; K.B., 23 Apr. 1 661; Private Sec. to the Queen Consort, 1662; 
Lord Chamberlain to her, 1665-76; High Steward of Reading, 5 Feb. 1674; 
P.C., 8 Jan. to 21 Apr. 1679, resworn 26 May 1680, to 1689; Keeper of 
Somerset House, 1680; Treasurer to the Queen Consort, 1680-84; F.R.S., 
I Dec. 1684. He was in high favour with his br.-in-law, James II, to whom 
he was Lord Privy Seal, Feb. 1684/5 '^° Mar. 1686/7, ^^^ Lord Lieut, of 
Ireland, Sep. 1685 to Feb. 1686/7. High Steward of Salisbury, 1685; 
High Steward of the Univ. of Oxford, 1686 till his death; and Councillor 
to the Queen Consort, 1687. He was, however, with his son, among the 
earliest to desert the King in 1688, although he did not take any part under 
the new dynasty.('') He m., istly, a few days before 26 Jan 1 660/1, 
Theodosia,('') 3rd da. of Arthur (Capell), ist Baron Capell of Hadham, 
by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Charles Morrison. She, who was bap. 3 Jan. 
1 63 9/40, at Little Hadham, was bur. there (as Viscountess Cornbury) 22 Mar. 

the Restoration were equally distasteful to him, consequently the greater part of his 
honourable life was spent in exile. To this fact we owe his History of the Rebellion, 
which is his greatest claim to fame. In spite of its merits and its interesting studies of 
character, this great work cannot be said to form very attractive reading; the style is 
tiresome, and it has been truly said that " the diction is verbose and yet lacks variety." 
The following tale appears to be pure myth, at any rate the Editor can find no con- 
firmation of it, and it \s primd facie incredible that the daughter of a man of position and 
importance should have been a barmaid and the widow of a publican — all before she 
was 17! "A pot-girl of Westminster married the master of the pot-house. After 
his death she consulted a lawyer named Hyde. Mr. Hyde married her. Mr. Hyde 
afterwards became Lord Chancellor with the title of Lord Clarendon, and his wife, 
the former pot-girl, bore him a daughter. This daughter married the Duke of York, 
and became the mother of Mary and Anne Stewart, both afterward Queens of Eng- 
land. It is evident that if Queens of England may have a barmaid for grandmother 
lesser mortals need not fret on the subject of ancestry." {England and the English, by 
Price Collier, 1 910, p. 54). V.G. 

(*) For a list of those "in arms for the Prince of Orange" (among whom he 
was), see vol. ii, Appendix H. No doubt he acted treasonably in going to the Prince 
of Orange's camp, which he did after his son had done so, and having been at first 
much upset at his son's defection. But many who did the like did not mean to 
depose James, but only to put pressure on him to act reasonably. As a matter of fact 
Clarendon himself refused to take the oaths to William as King, and is thereby 
distinguished from the common timeserver and traitor. "He was so true to the oath 
of allegiance that he had taken to King James .... that he did not close in the least 
with the Revolution, but stood firm to the last, though he almost wanted bread to 
eat." (Thomas Hearne, 3 Nov. 1709). V.G. 

(^) She was a great beauty. " The lovely Mrs. Hyde by long practise subdued 
her glances to such a languishing tenderness that her eyes never opened more than 
those of a Chinese." See introduction to the Court Beauties of the reign of Charles II, 
by Mrs. Jameson, where the authoress is speaking of the style of Lely's portraits. 



CLARENDON 267 

i66i/2.('') He m., 2ndly, before 1674, Flower, widow of Sir William 
Backhouse, Bart, (who d. 22 Aug. 1 669), and before that of William Bishop, 
da. and h. of Sir John Backhouse, K.B., by Flower, da. of Benjamin Hen- 
SHAW, of London. She d. 17 July I700.('') He d. of asthma, 31 Oct., and 
was bur. 4 Nov. 1709, in \Vestm. Abbey, aged 71. Admon. 1 1 May 17 13 
and 2 Mar. 1747/8. 



III. 1709. 3. Edward (Hyde), Earl OF Clarendon, £;fc., only 

s. and h. by ist wife, ^.28 Nov. 1661 ; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.) 23 Jan. 1674/5 (being then styled Viscount Cornbury). P.C. 
13 Dec. 171 1 till Sep. 17 14. Lieut. Col. of the Royal Regt. of Dragoons, 
1683; Col. thereof, 1685-89; M.P. (Tory) for Wilts, 1685-87 and 1689-95; 
for Christchurch, 1695-1701; Master of the Horse to Prince George of 
Denmark, 1685-90; Page of Honour to James II at his Coronation, 23 Apr. 
1685. From that King, however, for whom he was then in command, he, with 
as many troops as he could induce to follow him, was one of the earliest 
deserters in 1688. C^) Gov. of New York and New Jersey, 1701 to 1708. ('') 
Envoy extraordinary to Hanover, May to Aug. 1 7 1 4. He m., "clandestinely," 
10 July 1688, at Totteridge, Herts (lie. Vic. Gen. Off.), Catherine, 
only surv. da. and h. of Henry O'Brien, styled l^o's.Xi O'Brien, by Catherine, 
sua jure. Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold. She, who was b. 
29 Jan. 1673, and who, on her mother's death in Nov. 1702, became, suo 
jure, Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold, d. at New York, 1 1 Aug. 
1706, in her 34th year, and was bur. in Trinity Church there.('') He d. s.p.s., 

(^) For the strange story of " second sight " and the foretelling of the manner of 
her death, see her husband's letter to Pepys, 27 May 1701. V.G. 

(^) She was described by the Duchess of Marlborough as "one who looked like 
a madwoman and talked like a scholar." V.G. 

(') See note "a" on previous page. "He was a young man of slender abilities 
and violent temper." V.G. 

{^) Where he "earned a most unenviable reputation, which he appears to have 
fully deserved, and his character and conduct were equally abhorred in both 
hemispheres." See note by Col. Chester in his If^estm. Abbey Registers, p. 308. 
Luttrell mentions that he was a prisoner for debt in New York at the time of his 
father's death. G.E.C. On the flyleaf of a bible belonging to Lady Frances Hyde is 
the following entry: — "My dear nephew the Earl of Clarendon died the 31st March; 
it was Passion Sunday; by thy blessed passion sweet Jesu I beseech thee to look on the 
sincerity of his heart and his great charity. Lay not his follies to his charge, but have 
mercy on his poor soul." V.G. 

(^) The inscription on her coffin plate, found in 1839, when Trinity Church, 
New York, was re-built, is as follows: — "Catharine, Lady Viscountess Cornbury, 
Baroness of Clifton of Leighton Bromswold in the co. of Warwick, sole surv. da. and 
h. of Henry, Lord O'Brian and the Lady Catharine his wife, who was sole sister and 
h. to the Most Noble Charles, Duke of Richmond and Lenox; born the 29th day of 
Jan. in the year 1673; departed this life at the city of New York in America, the 
nth day of August 1706, in the 34th year of her age." 



268 CLARENDON 

at Chelsea, "in obscurity and deeply in debt"('') 31 Mar., and was bur. 5 Apr. 
1723, in Westm. Abbey, aged 61. Will dat. 30 Mar., pr. 3 July 1723. 

[Edward Hyde, styled Viscount Cornbury, only surv. s. and h. ap., 
bap. 6 Oct. 1 69 1, at St. James's, Westm., became, on his mother's death, 
in 1706, Lord Clifton of Leighton Bromswold; matric. at Oxford (Ch. 
Ch.) 10 Oct. 1707, and, on 12 Jan. 1712, took his seat in the House of 
Lords. He d. of a fever, "got by a surfeit of drinking,"('') unm. and v.p., 12, 
and was bur. 20 Feb. 171 2/3, in Westm. Abbey, aged 2i.('') Will in which 
he styles himself " Z-or^ Viscount Cornbury, and Baron Clifton" dat. 25 May 
1710, pr. 17 June 17 13 and 8 Feb. 1722/3.] 

IV. 1723 4. Henry (Hyde), Earl OF Clarendon [166 1], Earl 

to OF Rochester [1682], Viscount Cornbury [1661], Vis- 

1753. count Hyde of Kenilworth [1681], Baron Hyde of 

Hindon [1660], and Baron of Wotton Bassett [168 i], 
cousin and h. male, being s. and h. of Lawrence, ist Earl of Rochester, 
by Henrietta, da. of Richard (Boyle), ist Earl of Burlington, which 
Lawrence was yr. s. of Edward, ist Earl of Clarendon. He was b. 1672; 
was M.P. (Tory) for Launceston 1692-17 11; was cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, 
7 Oct. 1700; First Clerk of the Writs in Chancery, 1703; Joint Vice- 
Treasurer and Paymaster [I.] 1710-16; P.C. 19 Oct. 1710 to Sep. 1714; 
sue. his father 2 May 1 7 11 , as Earl of Rochester, &'c. ; Ranger of Richmond 
Park, 1711-27; High Steward of the Univ. of Oxford 171 1 till his death; 
Lord Lieut, of Cornwall, 1711-14. He m. (lie. Fac. Office 2 Mar. 
1691/2), Jane, sister of John, ist Baron Gower of Stittenham, da. of Sir 
William Lev^son-Gower, 4th Bart., by Jane, 2nd and yst. da. of John 
(Granville), Earl of Bath. She, who had a portion of ;^ 16,000, d. 
24 May, and was bur. i June 1725, in Westm. Abbey, aged 55. He d. 
s.p.m.s., 10 Dec. 1753, aged 81, when all his honours became extinct.(f) 
Admon. 9 Feb. 1754 to his da. "Catherine, Duchess of Queensbury and 
Dover," and again June 1783. 

[Henry Hyde, stykd Viscount Cornbury, 3rd but ist surv. s. and h. 
ap., b. 2S Nov. 17 10; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 21 May 1725; was cr. 
D.C.L., 6 Dec. 1728; M.P. (Tory) for Oxford Univ., Feb. 1731/2 to Jan. 
1 7 50/ 1 ; said to have been Gent, of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales, 

(') Note in Westm. Abbey Registers, ut supra. 

('') " A very fine pretty gentleman, of a tall but thin stature, very good natured, 
loyal, and well principled in other respects, and might have proved a very useful man 
had it not been his misfortune to be debauched." (T. Hearne). V.G. 

(^) His only surv. sister and h., Theodosia, became, by his death, suo jure Baroness 
Clifton of Leighton Bromswold, and conveyed that title to the family of Bligh. 

{^) His burial is not entered in the Registers, but not improbably it took place 
in Westm. Abbey, where his son (but 6 months before), his wife, parents, grandparents, 
Wc, were all buried. 



CLARENDON 269 

I738.('') On 22 or 23 Jan. 1 750/1, he was sum. v.p.^ to the House of 
Lords, in his father's Barony as LORD HYDE OF HINDON-^) He 
is said to have m., 9 Nov. I737,(°) Frances, da. of George Henry (Lee), 
2nd Earl of Lichfield, by Frances, da. of Sir John Hales, Bart. He 
d. s.p., six months before his father, at Paris, from a fall from his horse, 
26 Apr., and was bur. 12 June 1753, in Westm. Abbey, aged 42, when his 
Barony reverted to his father.('') Will dat. 10 and 1 1 Aug. 1 751, as "Lord 
Hyde" (making no mention of any wife, and leaving the writings and 
papers of his great-grandfather, the ist Earl of Clarendon, to the Bodleian 
library, Oxford, and the bulk of his property to his niece, Lady Charlotte 
Capel, afterwards Villiers, and her issue in tail male), pr. 2 May 1753.] 



V. 1776. I. Thomas Villiers, 2nd s. of William, 2nd Earl OF 

Jersey, by Judith, da. and h. of Frederick Herne, of Lon- 
don, was b. 1709; ed. at St. John's Coll. Cambridge; was Envoy to Friedrich 
August, King of Poland, and Elector of Saxony ('') 1740-47; to Vienna 
1742-43; and to Berlin 1746-48; M.P. (Whig) for Tamworth, 1 747-56 ;(*) 

(*) Gent. Mag. is the only authority for this statement, which is of doubtful 
accuracy. V.G. 

C") For a list of heirs ap. of peers sum. v.p. in one ot their father's baronies, see 
vol. i, Appendix G. 

(■=) He is said {London Mag., vol. vi, p. 645, and Burke, Extinct Peerage, sub 
Lichfield) to have m. as in text, but it does not appear to be true. In Collins (edit. 
1741, vol. ii, pp. 306, 391) neither he nor Lady Frances Lee is given as married. 
This Frances professed in the convent of the Blue Nuns in Paris, 12 Nov. 1744, became 
Abbess 6 Apr. 1757, and d. 29 Jan. 1761. Possibly she was engaged to be m. to him in 
1737. The Political State of Great Britain, for Nov. 1737, gives his marriage to the 
Hon. Miss Lee, da. of the Earl of Lichfield, without mentioning any Christian name. 
A Frances of the same parentage was b. Nov. and bap. at Enstone 16 Dec. 1721, 
but d. in 1723. The Frances of the text, b. 21 Jan. 1721 [r-ectius 1725], d. unm. 
according to Dr. Lee {Her. i^ Gen., vol. iii, p. 483). V.G. 

("') Mrs. Delany writes, May 1753, "I had a great regard for him .... of 
all the young men of quality with whom I have been acquainted, he was the prime." 
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu speaks of his "very good heart," and adds, "I have 
often thought it a great pity it was not under the direction of a better head " (23 July 
1753). "On Lord Hyde's return from his travels, his brother-in-law, the Lord 
Essex, told him with a great deal of pleasure, that he had got a pension for him. It 
was a very handsome one, and quite equal to his rank. All Lord Hyde's answer was 
* How could you tell, my Lord, that I was to be sold ? or at least how could you know 
my price so exactly?' It was on this account that Mr. Pope comphments him with 
that passage — 'disdain what[ever] Cornbury disdains.'" (Spence, p. 221). Thom- 
son in The Seasons, "Summer," writes of him as "polished Cornbury." V.G. 

(*) He was alternately at Warsaw and Dresden, being only temporarily appointed 
to Vienna. V.G. 

(') He took office under Newcastle, and again under George Grenville, and after 
the latter's death, joined North's administration in 1 771, and supported him to the 
end, after he had coalesced with the Whigs in 1783. He obtained his barony from 



270 CLARENDON 

a Lord of the Admiralty 1 748-56. He was cr.^ 3 June 1 756, BARON HYDE 
OF HINDON, Wilts, with rem. of the said dignity to the heirs male of his 
body by Charlotte, his then wife, with rem. to the said Charlotte and the heirs 
male of her body.(^) P.C. 9 Sep. 1763; Joint Postmaster Gen. 1763-65; Chan- 
cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1771-82, and again Dec. 1783-86; Joint 
Postmaster Gen. again Sep. 1786 till his death. On 14 June 1776, he was cr. 
EARL OF CLARENDON, with the ordinary limitation to heirs male of 
his (own) body; on 16 July 1782, he obtained the Royal lie. that he and his 
issue should bear their arms on the Royal Eagle of Prussia, in the 
manner granted to him by Frederick III, King of Prussia, by whom also he 
is said to have been made a Count of that Kingdom. He %., 30 Mar. 1752, 
Charlotte (coh. of her mother), 3rd, but ist surv. da. of William (Capel), 
3rd Earl of Essex, by his ist wife, Jane, da. of Henry (Hyde), 4th and 
last Earl of Clarendon abovenamed. He d. at Watford, Herts, 11, and 
was bur. there 20 Dec. I786,aged77.('') Will dat. 5 July 1775, pr. 5 Jan. 1787. 
His widow, who was b. 2 Oct. 1721, and who had taken the name of Hyde, 
d. at Stony Stratford, 3, and was bur. 11 Sep. 1790, at Watford afsd. Will 
dat. 25 Dec. 1786, pr. 18 July 1791. 

VL 1786. 2. Thomas (Villiers), Earl of Clarendon, tfc, 

s. and h., b. 25 Dec. 1753, ed. at St. John's Coll. Cam- 
bridge; M.P. (Tory) for Christchurch, Hants, 1774-80, and for Helston, 
1780 to Feb. I 78 1, and June 1781-86. He d. unm., after a long illness, at 
The Grove," Watford, 7, and was bur. at Watford 17 Mar. 1824, in his 
71st year. Will pr. May 1824 and Feb. 1857. 

Vn. 1824. 3. John Charles (Villiers), Earl OF Clarendon, fc?c., 

br. and h., b. 14 Nov. 1757; ed. at Eton from I77i,and 

at St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A., 1776; Barrister (Line. Inn) 1779; 

King's Counsel in the Duchy of Lancaster, 1782-86, and Surveyor of Woods 

Newcastle and his earldom from North, the latter having been procured, according to 
Horace Walpole, through the influence of the Earl of Suffolk, who led the Grenville 
Whigs after that statesman's death. In the Royal Register, vol. v (1781), his promo- 
tion is treated as a reward for " ratting." " He was a convert, which I am sorry to 
say has been for some years past a very powerful recommendation." A statement as 
true in 1 91 2 as in I 78 1. V.G. 

(^) He thus had a peerage dignity not so ample as the usual one {i.e. that with 
rem. to the heirs male of the grantee's body), but no objection appears to have been 
raised by the House of Lords to his taking his seat thereunder. See for a similar grant 
of the Earldom of Vane (and a sitting thereunder in 1823) sub Charles, Marquess of 
Londonderry [1822]. See also vol. ii, p. 515, note "b." 

(*■) "Lord Hyde was so dull a man, that Lord John Cavendish said with a sneer, 
'The Ministers have made a rebellion [in America] and now they have made a Lord 
Clarendon to write the history of it.'" (H. Walpole, Journal, 3 June 1776). The 
same writer had described him as "a very silly fellow " 26 Dec. 1748. V.G. 



<( 



CLARENDON 271 

for the Northern parts thereof 1786-1825; M.P. (Tor)-) for Old Sarum, 
i784-90;(^) for Dartmouth, 1 790-1 802; for Wick Boroughs, 1802-05; 
and for Queenborough, 1807-12 and 1820-24; Comptroller of the Royal 
Household, 1787-90; P.C. 19 Feb. 1787; Ch. Justice in Eyre, North of 
Trent, 1 790 till his death; Prothonotary of the county of Lancaster, i 804 till 
his death; Envoy to Portugal, 1807-10; cr. LL.D., Cambridge, 30 Apr. 
1833. H^ '"-J 5 J^"- I79i> ^'^ her father's house in Savile Row, St. James's, 
Westm., his ist cousin, Maria Eleanor, yr. of the twin daughters and 
coheirs of Admiral the Hon. John Forbes (2nd s. of George, 3rd Earl of 
Granard [I.]), by Mary, da. of William (Capel), 3rd Earl of Essex 
abovenamed. He J. s.p.s. suddenly, at Walmer Terrace, Deal, 22, and was 
bur. 29 Dec. 1838, at Watford, aged 8i.('') Will pr. Feb. 1839 and Feb. 
1857. His widow d. 18 Mar. 1844, at Clarendon House, North Audley 
Str., Midx., aged 85. Will pr. Mar. 1844, Mar. 1847, ^nd Feb. 1857. 



VIII. 1838. 4. George William Frederick. (Villiers), Earl of 

Clarendon, &c., nephew and h., being s. and h. of the 
Hon. George V. (who d. 21 Mar. 1827, aged 67), by Theresa, sister 
of John, 1st Earl of Morley, da. of John (Parker), ist Baron Boring- 
don, which George was 3rd s. of the ist Earl. He was b. 26 Jan. 1800, 
in London; ed. at St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A., 1820; Attache at St. 
Petersburg, 1820-23; Commissioner of the Customs, 1824-33; Envoy to 
Madrid, 1833-39; G.C.B. 19 Oct. 1837; P.C. 3 Jan. 1840; Privy Seal 
(Liberal), Jan. 1840 to Sep. 1841; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 
1840-41, and, again, 1864-65; Pres. of the Board of Trade, 1846-47; 
Lord Lieut, of Ireland, May 1847 to Mar. 1852. K.G. 23 Mar. 1849; 
Chancellor of the Queen's Univ. of Ireland, 1 8 5 1 till his death ; Sec. of State 
for foreign affairs, 1853-58, 1865-66, and again 1868 till his death; Am- 
bassador to the Congress of Paris, Feb. to Apr. 1856, and to Berlin for the 
Coronation of King William I of Prussia, Oct. i 861 ; cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, 
4 June 1856. He w;., 4 June 1839, at Gorhambury, Herts, CatherinejC) 
widow of John Foster Barham, ist da. of James Walter (Grimston), ist 
Earl of Verulam, by Charlotte, da. of Charles (Jenkinson), ist E.arl of 
Liverpool. He d. at i Grosvenor Crescent, Midx., 27 June, and was bur. 



If) In the Rclliad he is spoken of as " Villiers, comely, with the flaxen hair." 
Though generally supporting the Tories as a commoner, he voted with the Whigs 
when a peer. V.G. 

C') "Lord Clarendon has settled place, money, everything on Lady Clarendon, 
and on her death to Lady Maryborough — ruin to the present George were it not 
that, as I am assured .... Lady F. Barham and her large fortune are to be his; that 
Mrs. Villiers had arranged it all with the consent of both parties." (Harriet, Countess 
Granville, Dec. 1838) ex inform. Bright Brown. V.G. 

i^) "She is plain, but seems the best, most sensible, inoffensive wife that can 
be." (Harriet, Countess Granville). V.G. 



272 CLARENDON 

2 July 1870, at Watford, aged 70.(^) Will pr. 3 Aug. 1870, under 
;/^2 50,000. His widow, who was b. 18 Apr. 18 10, d. 4 July 1874, at 
44 Wimpole Str., Marylebone, and was bur. at Watford. Will pr. 20 Aug. 
1874, under ;{! 12,000. 

[Edward Hyde Villiers, styled Lord Hyde, ist s. and h. ap., b. 
30 Jan. 1845; ^- ^" infant v.p., 26 Feb. 1846, in Belgrave Sq.] 

IX. 1870. 5. Edward Hyde (Villiers), Earl of Clarendon 

[1776] and Baron Hyde of Hindon [1756], 2nd but ist 
surv. s. and h., b. 1 1 Feb. 1846, at the Vice Regal Lodge, Dublin; ed. at 
Harrow school, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1867; M.P. (Liberal) 
for Brecon i869-70.('') Lord Lieut, of Herts since 1892; a Lord in Waiting 
1 895-1900; Yeomanry A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, Edward VII, and George V 
since 1897; P. C. 12 Nov. 1900; Lord Chamberlain 1900-05; G.C.B. (civil) 
26 June 1 902 ; G.C.V.O. 19 Dec. 1905. He w;., 6 Sep. 1876, at Harbridge, 
Somerley, Hants, Caroline Elizabeth, ist da. of James Charles Herbert Wel- 
bore Ellis (Agar), 3rd Earl of Normanton [I.], by Caroline Susan Augusta, 
da. of William Keppel (Barrington), 6th Viscount Barrington [I.]. She, 
who was b. 2 1 Mar. 1857, d. 9 May 1 894. He ;«., 2ndly, privately, 5 Aug. 
1908, at the Chapel Royal, St. James's, Emma Mary Augusta, widow of 
the Hon. Edward Roden Bourke (6th s. of the 5th Earl of Mayo), ist 
da. of Lieut. Gen. George Cliffe Hatch, C.S.I. 

[George Herbert Hyde Villiers, styled Lord Hyde, s. and h. 
ap., b. 7 June 1877, at 31 Upper Brook Str., Midx. He w., 5 Aug. 
1 905, at Trinity Church, Sloane Str., Chelsea, Verena Adeline Isabel, sister of 
Arthur Herbert Tennyson (Cocks), 6th Baron Somers, yr. of the 2 daugh- 
ters of Herbert Haldane Somers-Cocks, by Blanche Margaret Standish, da. 
of Major Herbert Cloystoun, V.C] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,298 acres in Herts and 
Warwickshire, worth ;^3,74i a year. Principal Residence. — The Grove, 
near Watford, Herts; purchased in 1753 by the ist Earl. 

(^) " The retrospect of so long a public and official life as that of Clarendon is 
full of instruction and interest. His principal qualification for the posts he filled was, 
perhaps, his unwearied industry. Probably there was never a harder worker. He 
wrote with extraordinary facility as well as felicity. He was an admirable talker and 
a most patient listener. He was a Master of the Art of Conversation, ^c." See 
Annual Register for 1870, where there is a long and appreciative account of his 
political career. Gladstone writes of him as "a statesman of many gifts, a most 
lovable and genial man." He and his wife are the " Lord and Lady Everingham " 
in Disraeli's Coningsby (1844). J. L. Motley describes him in 1858 as "a tall, thin, 
handsome, aristocratic-looking person." G.E.C. and V.G. 

C") In 1886 he became a Liberal Unionist. V.G. 



CLARINA 273 

CLARINA 

BARONY [I.] I. Eyre Massey, yr. br. of Hugh, 1st Baron Massy 

, OF DuNTRiLEAGUE [I.], and 6th s. of Hugh Massy, of 

^ ° ■ Duntrileague, co. Limerick, by Elizabeth, da. of the 

Rt. Hon. George Evans, was b. 24 May 17 19. 
He entered the army, and was wounded at the battle of Culloden 1746; 
served under Gen. Wolfe in America, was at the head of the Grenadiers at 
the taking of Havannah (where he was again wounded), was at Niagara, and 
at the taking of Martinique, <yc. ; Col. of the 27th Foot or Enniskillen regt. 
1773 till his death; Major Gen. 1777, Lieut. Gen. 1782, Gen. 1796; is 
said to have been Marshal of the Army in Ireland; M. P. for Swords, 1790-97; 
Gov. of Limerick, 1 797-1 804. Having been in active service for above 60 
years, he was, on 2 8 Dec. 1 800, cr. BARON CLARINA OF ELM P ARK,^) 
CO. Limerick [I.]. He m., 27 Dec. 1767, Catherine, sister of Robert, ist 
Earl of Leitrim [I.], da. of the Rt. Hon. Nathaniel Clements, by Hannah, 
da. of William Gore, Dean of Down. He d. at Bath, Somerset, 17, and 
was bur: 24 May 1 804, at Bath Abbey, aged nearly 85. Will pr. June i 804. 
His widow ^.27 Jan. 181 5, and was bur. with him, aged 71. 



II. 1804. 2. Nathaniel William (Massey), Baron Clarina 

OF Elm Park. [I.], 2nd but only surv. s. and h., b. 
23 May 1773. He was in the Army, and became a Major Gen. in 1808. 
His claim to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] was admitted 20 Apr. 
1809. He m., 29 May 1796, Penelope, 2nd da. of Michael Roberts 
Westropp, of Cork, by Jane, ist da. of Amos Godsell, of Sunville, co. 
Limerick. He <r/. of fever, at Barbados, Jan. i8io,aged 36. Will pr. 181 1. 
His widow, who was b. 15 Mar. 1779, d. 26 Nov. 1843, ^^^ was bur. at 
Vermont, co. Limerick. 

III. 1 8 10. 3. Eyre (Massey), Baron Clarina of Elm Park [I.], 

s. and h., b. 6 May 1798, at Cork; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.), 30 Jan. 18 16, B.A., 20 Feb. 18 19. His claim to vote at the 
electionof Rep. Peers [I.] was admitted 2 1 Apr. 1826. Rep.Peer[I.], 1849-72 
(Conservative). He m., 9 Sep. 1828, at Battle, Sussex, Susan Elizabeth,^ 
yst. da. of Hugh Barton, of Straffan, co. Kildare, by Anne, da. of 
Nathaniel Weld Johnston. He d'. 18 Nov. 1872, aged 74, at Elm Park. 
His widow d. there, 14 Nov. 1886, in her 77th year. Personalty above 
;^ 1 0,000. 



(^) This was one of the 9 peerages conferred on Commoners on the last day of 
such creations before the Irish Union, in addition to 17 others which had been thus 
conferred the same year; a total increase of 26 members of the Irish House of Lords 
within twelve months. See Appendix H to this volume. 

35 



274 CLARINA 

IV. 1872. 4. Eyre Challoner Henry (Massey),Baron Clarina 

OF Elm Park. [I.], s. and h., b. 29 Apr. 1830, in Baker 
Str., Marylebone. He entered the Army, 1847; Major 95th Foot, i857;Lieut. 
Col., 1858; Brevet Col., 1865; Lieut. Col. 97th Foot, 1873; Major Gen., 
1870, and Commander of the troops in the Dublin district, 1881; Lieut. 
Gen., 1885; Gen. 1891; Col. of the Durham Light Infantry (the old io6th 
Foot) 1895 ^'^1 his death. Knight of the Legion of Honour in France; 
Medjidie, 1856. His claim to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] was 
admitted 14 Mar. 1873; C.B., June 1887; medal and clasp for Sebastopol, 
as also for the Indian Mutiny campaign. Rep. Peer [I.] 1888-97 (Con- 
servative). He d. unm., at Albert Bridge Road, Battersea, of pneumonia, 
16, and was /"wr. 20 Dec. 1897, in a field near Elm Park, Clarina, co. 
Limerick, aged 67. Will pr. over ;^23,ooo. 

V. 1897. 5. Lionel Edward (Massey), Baron Clarina of 

Elm Park. [I. 1800], next surv. br. and h., being 3rd s. 
of the 3rd Baron; b. 20 Apr. 1837; an officer in the Scots Fusilier Guards, 
1855; Lieut. Col. 1866, retiring 1870. Sheriff of co. Limerick 1896, 
His claim to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] was admitted 26 Apr. 
1899. He m., istly, 24 Nov. 1877, at St. Peter's, Bournemouth, Elizabeth 
Ellen, 1st da. of Alexander Bannatyne, of Woodsdown, co. Limerick. She 
d. 13 Jan. 1883, at Algiers. Hew., 2ndly, 23 Aug. 1887, at Sixmilebridge 
Church, CO. Clare, Sophia Mary, 2nd da. of James Butler, of Castle Crine, 
CO. Clare, by Sophia Maria, 2nd da. of Major George St. George Irvine, 
of Ballina House, co. Wexford.(^) She d. 29 Aug. 1912, aged ^6. 

[Eyre Nathaniel Massey, only s. and h., by ist wife, b. 8 Feb. 
1880, at Villa Perrotin, Algiers; sometime Lieut. Scots Guards. He w., 
II July 1906, at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, Alice Erica, da. of Wilton 
Allhusen, of Pinhay, Devon, by Adelaide Louisa, da. of Major Thomas 
Pakenham Vandeleur, of Limerick.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,012 acres in co. 
Limerick, worth ^^2,497 a year. Principal Residence. — Elm Park, co. 
Limerick. 

CLAVERING or FITZROGER 

BARONY BY i. Robert FitzRoger, s. and h. of Roger FitzJohn, 
WRIT. of Clavering, Essex, of Warkworth, Northumberland, 

of Horsford, Norfolk, fffc. {d. about Whitsuntide 1249), 
I. 1295. was very young at his father's death. He was sum. 

to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 
1 1 Edw. I, by writ directed Roberto filio Rogeri.{^) He distinguished 
himself in the war with Scotland, 1294-98, being (with his son) at the 

(^) In consequence of his and marriage he called himself for some time 
Butler-Massey, but dropped the name of Butler on succeeding to the Peerage. V.G. 
i^) As to this supposed Pari., see Preface. V.G. 



CLAVERING 275 

siege of Carlaverock. He was sum. to Pari, from 2 Nov. (1295) 23 Edw. I 
to 26 Oct. (1309) 3 Edw. II, by writs directed Roberto filio Rogeri, 
whereby he is held to have become LORD FITZROGER-O He was 
one of the barons who, in Feb. 1 300/1, took part in the celebrated letter to 
Pope Boniface VIII, being therein described as Robertus filiiis Rogeri 
dominus de Claveryng. He ;«. Margery de la Zouche. He d. 13 10. 
Writ for Inq.p. m. 29 Apr. 13 10. 

II. 1299 2. John FiTzRoBERT, of Costessey, Norfolk, afterwards 

to DE Clavering (which name he assumed), s. and h., aged 

1332. 44 at the time of his father's death, distinguished himself 

in the French and Scottish wars. He was sum. to Pari. 
v.p., from 16 July (1299) 27 Edw. I to 20 Nov. (1331) 5 Edw. Ill, by 
writs directed Johanni de Clavering^ whereby he is held to have become 
LORD CLAVERING-O Subject to his own hfe (and in the case of the 
Lordship of Clavering, to that of his br. Edmund Clavering) he alienated 
nearly all the estates of the family. He w., in 1278 (he aged 12, she under 
I3),('') Hawise, da. of Robert de Tibetot. He d. s.p.m. in 133 1/2, before 
23 Jan., at Aynhoe, Northants, and was bur. at Langley, Norfolk, when 
Warkworth Castle and his other lands in Northumberland, passed by grant 
(1328) of the King to Henry de Percy [2nd Lord Percy]. ('') After this date 
no one was ever sum. to Pari, in right of any Barony which may be held to 
have been cr. by any of the above writs. ('^) His widow d. 1345, before 14 Apr. 

[Eve, da. and h., who was aged 40 and more at her mother's death, 
w., istly (when very young) Thomas Audley (s. and h. ap. of Nicholas 
Audley), who d. v. p. and s.p., 16 Jan. 1307/8. She wz., 2ndly, before 2 Dec. 
1308, Sir Thomas de UfFord, who was slain at Bannockburn 24 June 13 14. 
She then lived with, but did not marry (possibly owing to some difficulty 

(*) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

C") Agreement between their parents that they should marry "before the quinzaine 
of Martinmas next," dat. 2 Dec. 1277. She then under 13. [Cloie Roll). V.G. 

(<^) The lands at Aynhoe, Northants, at Horsford, Norfolk, and the reversion of 
Clavering, fs'c., Essex, passed, 14 Apr. 1345 (his br. Edmund, and his widow, 
Hawise, being then dead) to Ralph Nevill. 

(<^) It is'conjecturcd by Banks (Bar. Angl. Cone, vol. i, p. 155) that " it may 
be considered that Warkworth being the Barony, from the tenure whereof the writs 
of summons to Robert FitzRoger were first directed to him, they were writi of service, 
^nA not of created nobility Atszcn^M^ \n blood, unA\Ye.ste.d {query \ "when divested"] 
of the /fl«a' territory; in which respect, Warkworth ceasing to be possessed by his 
heirs, the Barony became extinguished ; a point which may apply to many other 
ancient Baronies, wfhereof the tenants in capite who were first sum. had not the like 
summons continued to their descendants." Warkworth was held in capite by 
Clavering's ancestor in 1166 [Liber Niger), while Clavering was only held of the 
King ut de honore, and was derived (with Aynho, an under-tenancy) from his ancestress, 
Alice of Essex. See an article on " Who was Alice of Essex ? " by J. Horace Round, 
in the Essex Archieol. Transactions. 



276 CLAVERING 

in obtaining a dispensation, or to avoid the fine which she would have had 
to pay on marriage), Sir James Audley (cousin of her ist husband), by 
whom she was mother of the celebrated Sir James Audley, K.G., the hero 
of Poitiers. She m., 3rdly, Sir Robert de Benhale, who was sum. to Pari. 
3 Apr. 1360, but never after, and who survived her. She d. about 1369 
{Inq.p. m. (1370-71) 45 Edw. Ill), and was bur. (as were her three husbands 
and Sir James A.) at Langley Abbey, Norfolk:.(^) No right to any Barony 
of Clavering or FitzRoger appears to have been considered as vesting in 
this lady.] 

CLEMENTS OF KILMACRENAN 

BARONY. I. Nathaniel (Clements), Earl OF Leitrim [I.], was, 

20 June 1 831, cr. BARON CLEMENTS OF KIL- 

I. 1 83 1. MACRENAN, CO. Donegal. See "Leitrim," Earldom 

of [I.], cr. 1795. 

CLENAWLEY see GLENAWLEY 

CLERMONT (Scotland) 

i.e. " Clermont and Fettercairn," Barony [S.] {Middleton)^ cr. i Oct. 
1660 with the Earldom of Middleton [S.], which %t&\ forfeited 1695. 



CLERMONT (Ireland) 

I. William Henry Fortescue, s. and h. of 
Thomas F., of Randalstown (afterwards Clermont 
Park), CO. Louth {d. Feb. 1769), by Elizabeth, sister 
of James, Earl of Clanbrassill [I.], da. of James 
Hamilton, ofTollymore, was b. 5 Aug. 1722; M.P. 
for CO. Louth, 1 745-6 1 , and for Monaghan (borough), 
1761-70; being elected also for co. Louth 1761, and 
for Dundalk 1768; Sheriffof co. Louth, 1746; LL.D. 
Dublin honoris causd 1754; P.C. [1.], 5 May 1755; 
Post Master Gen. [I.], 1764-84. On 26 May 1770, 
he was cr. BARON CLERMONTC") of Clermont, 
CO. Louth [I.], taking his seat 23 Nov. 1 773. Gov. of 
CO. Monaghan 1775 till his death, being Custos Rot. 
of that CO. 1 775-1 805. On 23 July i']']6,('') he was 
cr. VISCOUNT and BARON CLERMONT, of 
Clermont, co. Louth [I.], with a spec. rem. failing his 
issue male, to his br., James Fortescue, and finally, 

(^) See Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. vii, p. 51, and note "r " on p. 52 ibid. 

(°) There seems no other explanation for the title he selected than that it is a 
high sounding one, for there is no such place in Ireland other than his seat 01 
Reynoldstown, or Randalstown, the name of which he himself changed to Clermont. 
V.G. 

{^) For the profuse creations in the Irish Peerage at this date, see Appendix H 
to this volume. 



BARONY [I.] 

I. 1770 
to 
1806. 

VISCOUNTCY 
AND 
BARONY [I.] 

1. 1776. 

EARLDOM [I.] 

I. 1777 
to 
1806. 



CLERMONT 277 

10 Feb. 1777, he was cr. EARL OF CLERMONT, co. Louth [L], without 
such spec. rem. He was Customer and Collector of the Port of Dublin, 
1784 till his death. K.P. 30 Mar. 1795. He m., 29 Feb. 1752, Frances 
Cairnes, ist da. and coh. of Col. John Murray, M.P. for co. Monaghan, 
by Mary, Dowager Baroness Blayney [L], da. and h. of Sir Alexander 
Cairnes, Bart. He d. s.p.m., at the Old Steyne, Brighton, 30 Sep., and 
was bur. 10 Oct. 1806, at Little Cressingham, Norfolk, aged 84,('') when 
the Barony (cr. 1770) and the Earldom became extinct. Will pr. Feb. 1807. 
His widow d. at Hastings, 3 Dec. 1820, in her 87th year. Will pr. Dec. 
1820. 



VISCOUNTCY 2. William Charles (Fortescue), Viscount and 

AND BARONY [L] Baron Clermont [L], nephew and h. male, who 

under the spec. rem. (1776) became entitled to those 

IL 1806 dignities, being 2nd and only surv. s. and h. of the 

to Rt. Hon. James Fortescue abovenamed (br. to the 

1829. last Peer), by Mary Henrietta, ist da. of Thomas 

Orby Hunter, of Crowland Abbey, co. Lincoln. 
He was b. 12 Oct. 1764; Lieut, in the Army 1783; Lieut. Col. 1800; was 
M.P. [I.] for CO. Louth, 1 795-1 800 and again [U.K.] 1800-06 (Whig). 
His claim to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] was admitted 2 Apr. 1821. 
He d. unm., 24 June 1829, at his seat, Ravensdale Park, co. Louth, 
aged 64, when all his honours became extinct.^') Will pr. Oct. 1829, 
at;^4i,8o8 personalty. 



(^) " Lord Clermont desires you will not conceive Fortescue, the Irisli member, 
his nephew, to be in opposition. This he has thought it necessary to explain as 
Fortescue has been making as if he was in opposition the whole session; but Lord 
Clermont has sworn, and Fortescue has sworn too, that his wish and intention is to 
support your Government. I take it for granted that this is preparatory to 
some attempt at a job." (Earl Temple to Lord Grenville, 30 June 1806). He 
was on intimate terms with the Prince of Wales, and Charles James Fox, 
a first-rate game shot and keen sportsman, winning the Derby with " Aimwell " in 
1785, and being looked on as the Father of the Turf. "Nature had formed his 
person in an elegant mould, uniting delicacy of configuration with the utmost bodily 
activity, the soundest constitution, and uninterrupted health. . . . His manners were 
easy, quiet, calm, yet lively and ingratiating, and lie was endowed with great suavity 
and equality of temper . . . The Countess of Clermont was formed, like her lord, 
for the atmosphere of a Court. Endowed with no superior talents, though possessing 
a cultivated mind; her manners subdued, yet exempt from severity; with an agree- 
able person, but destitute of beauty; uniting consummate knowledge of the world to 
constitutional serenity of temper." (Wraxall, Posi/i. Memoirs, vol. ii, pp. 339-343)- 
His wife was a great friend of Marie Antoinette. V.G. 

(•>) It was used as one of the extinctions required (under the Act of Union) for 
the creation, in 1831, of the Barony of Talbot of Malahide. 



278 



CLERMONT 



CLERMONT OF DROMISKEN, and CLERMONT 
OF CLERMONT PARK 

BARONY [I.] I. Thomas Fortescue, s. and h. of Chichester F., 

of Dromisken, co. Louth {d. 25 Nov. 1826), by 
I. 1852, Martha Angel, da. of Samuel Meade Hobson, of 

Muckridge House, co. Cork, Barrister at Law, b. 
BARONY [U.K.] 9 Mar. 181 5; sue. his distant cousin (4th cousin once 

removed), Sir H. J. Goodricke, Bart., 22 Aug. 1833, 

L 1866 in the estate of Ravensdale Park, i^c, co. Louth;(") 

to matric. at Oxford (Exeter Coll.), 9 May 1833, B.A. 

1887. (Grand Compounder) 1833; Sheriff of co. Louth 

1839; M.P. (Liberal) for co. Louth, July 1840, 
to July 1 841. On 1 1 Feb. 1852, he was cr. BARON CLERMONT OF 
DROMISKENjC') CO. Louth [L], with a spec, rem.., failing the heirs male 
of his body, to his br. hereafter mentioned. His claim to vote at the elec- 
tion of Rep. Peers [L] was admitted 2 Aug. 1853. On 2 May 1 866 he was 
cr. BARON CLERMONT OF CLERMONT PARK co. Louth [U.K.], 
without however, any such spec. rem. He W2., 26 Sep. 1840, at Maryle- 
bone Church, Louisa Grace, 3rd da. of James (Wandesforde-Butler), ist 
Marquess of Ormonde [I.], by Grace Louisa, da. of the Rt. Hon. John 
Staples. He d. s.p., 29 July 1887, at Ravensdale Park afsd., and was 
bur. in Jonesborough Church, aged 72, when the Barony of Clermont [U.K.] 
became extinct. His widow, who was b. 18 July 18 16, a'. 8 Nov. 1896, at 
Ravensdale Park. 

BARONY [I.] 2. Chichester Samuel (Parkinson-Fortescue), 

Baron Clermont of Dromisken [I. 1852], also Baron 

n. 1887 Carlingford [U.K. 1874], only br., and h. according to 

to the spec. rem. abovementioned. He was ^ 18 Jan. 1823, 

1898. at Glyde, CO. Louth; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 26 May 

1 841, 1st class classics, 1844, B.A. 1845, Chancellor's 

prize for English essay, 1846, M.A. 1847. M.P. (Liberal) for co. Louth, 

if) Lord Clermont's grandfather, Thomas Fortescue, was s. and h. of Chichester 
F., s. and h. of Thomas F., s. and h. of Chichester F., who was s. and h. of Sir 
Thomas F. (all of Dromisken), who d. 1 7 10 aged 90. William F. of Newrath, co. 
Louth, the 2nd s. of Sir Thomas F. last named, was father of Thomas F., the 
father of William Henry Fortescue cr. (1770 to 1777) Baron, Viscount and Earl of 
Clermont [I.], as above stated. Charlotte, the only sister, who left issue, of the 
2nd and last Viscount, ni. 1796, Sir Harry Goodricke, Bart., and left an only s. 
and h., Sir Henry James Goodricke, Bart., on whose death unm. in 1833, the estates 
of the Viscounts Clermont came to Thomas Fortescue (afterwards cr. Lord Clermont), 
as above mentioned. 

C") The extinctions made use of for this creation, according to the Act of Union, 
were (i) the Barony of RancliflFe {Parkym); (2) the Barony of Nugent {Grenville); 
(3) the Earldom of Roscommon (Di/lon), which last had been improperly used before 
in 1825, but supplemented in 1831. 



CLERMONT 279 

1 847-74 ;(^) a Lord of the Treasury, 1854-55; Under Sec. of State for the 
Colonies, 1857-58 and 1859-65; took the name of Parkinson, before that of 
Fortescue \n 1863; P.C. 7 Apr. 1864, and [I.] 13 Jan. 1866; Ch. Sec. in 
Ireland, 1865-66 and 1868-71; President of the Board of Trade, 1871-74; 
Lord Lieut, of Essex, 1873-92. On 28 Feb. 1874 he was cr. BARON 
CARLINGFORD of Carlingford, co. Louth.^) Lord Privy Seal, May 
1881 to Feb. i885;(') K.P., 11 Apr. 1882. Lord President of the 
Council, Mar. 1883 to June 1885. He nr., 20 Jan. 1863, at Trinity 
Church, Brompton, as her 4th husband,('') Frances Elizabeth Anne, some- 
time Countess WaldegravEjQ widow (at that time) of George Granville 
Vernon-Harcourt, da. of (the celebrated tenor singer) John Braham, by 
( — ), da. of ( — ) Bolton, of Ardwick, near Manchester. She, who was 
b. in 182 1, d. in Carlton Gardens, Midx., 5 July 1879, and was bur. at 
Radstock, Somerset. He d. s.p., from influenza, at Marseilles, 30 Jan., 
and was bur. 5 Feb. 1898, at Chewton Mendip, aged 75. On his death 
the baronies of Clermont and of Carlingford became extinct. (^) Will pr. 
above ;^4,ooo net. 

Family Estates. — Those of himself, suojure, and of his br. (the late Lord) 
appear in 1883, to have been 21,823 acres in co. Louth ; 758 in co. Armagh, 
and 686 in co. Carlow. Total 23,265 acres, worth £ i 8,086 a year. Those, 
iureuxoris (i.e. the Waldegrave estates), consisted of 5,321 acres in Somerset; 

(*) He became a Unionist in 1886. V.G. 

('') This was a Consolation Peerage for his defeat as Liberal candidate for co. 
Louth. For a list of these peerages see vol. v, Appendix B. V.G. 

(') For this and other great offices of State see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

{^) Her first husband was John James Henry Waldegrave, of Navestock, Essex 
(the eldest, though illegit. s. of the 6th Earl Waldegrave), who d. s.p., Apr. 1840, 
aged 38. She m., 2ndly (a few months afterwards), 28 Sep. 1840, George Edward 
(Waldegrave), 7th Earl Waldegrave, br. (by the same parents) of her last husband, but 
l>. in wedlock. He d. s.p., 28 Sep. 1846, aged 40. By these matches she acquired 
the whole of the estates of the Waldegrave family in Essex, Somerset, and elsewhere. 
She m., 3rdly (in about a year's time), 30 Sep. 1847, as his 2nd wife, George Granville 
Vernon-Harcourt, of Nuneham Park, Oxon, by whom, also, she had no issue. He d. 
s.p.m., 19 Dec. 1861, aged 77, and about 13 months later, she m. her 4th and last 
husband as above. To him she left, for his life, such of the Waldegrave estates as she 
then possessed, with rem. to Earl Waldegrave in tail male. 

(') She was for many years, as " Frances, Countess Waldegrave " one of the 
leading members of London Society, her reunions at Strawberry Hill (Twickenham), 
Cifc, being in many respects unique. It is believed that she was the first Dowager 
Peeress in modern times who [1846] adopted the method of using her christian name 
with the title {i.e. " Frances, Countess Waldegrave ") instead of the prefix of Dowager. 
In 1856, "Maria, Marchioness of Ailesbury " was so styled; in I 859, " Julia,Countess 
of Jersey;" in i860, "Minna, Duchess of Norfolk;" ^c. 

On succeeding to his brother's older Barony of Clermont [I.], he did not 
adopt that title, but continued to be known by the one [U.K.] in which he sat in the 
House of Lords. On the other hand, when Lord Stanley of Alderley [U.K. 1839] 
sue. in 1909 to the Barony of Sheffield [I. 1783], he used the latter title. V.G. 



28o CLERMONT 

5,108, Essex; 2,347, Sussex; 416 in the E.R., co. York; and 85, Midx. 
Total 13,287 acres, worth ^^21,193 a year. Grand total (England and 
Ireland), 36,552 acres, worth^39,279 a year. Principal Residences. — Chewton 
Priory, near Bath, Somerset; also Clermont Park, near Dunkirk, co. Louth, 
and Ravensdale Park, near Newry, in Ireland. 



CLEVELAND 

EARLDOM. Thomas (Wentworth), Lord Wentworth [1529], 

was, under the designation of " Thomas Wentworth, Knt., 

I. 1626 Baron Wentworth of Nettlested," cr. 5 Feb. 1625/6, EARL 

to OF CLEVELAND, co. York.(^) He d. s.p.m.s., 

166-]. 25 Mar. 1667, when the Earldom of Cleveland became 

extinct. See fuller account under "Wentworth," Barony 

by writ, cr. 1529, under the 4th Baron. 



DUKEDOM. I. Barbara ViLLiERS,da. and h. of William(ViLLiERs), 

2nd Viscount Grandison [I.] (slain at the siege of Bristol 
I. 1670. in 1643), by Mary, da. of Paul (Bayning), ist Viscount 

Bayning, was b. about 1641, and when about 18, m., 
14 Apr. 1659, at St. Gregory's, London, Roger Palmer, afterwards, 
II Dec. 1 66 1, cr. Baron Limerick, and Earl of Castlemaine [I.]. 
He, however (from whom she was never legally divorced, and who d. 
28 July 1705, but 4 years before her), does not appear to have been the 
father of any of her children unless, perhaps, of the eldest da. At the 
Hague, in 1659, she first met with Charles II, whom she accompanied to 
England the next year (the King spending the first night of his return in her 
society), and over whom she exercised a pernicious and almost uncontrolled 
influence for 10 years. C') Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen Consort 
Aug. i662.('') In 1668, however, her residence at the Palace came to an 

(') Eight noblemen (2 Viscounts and 6 Barons) were on this day cr. Earls, being 
ranked, by Royal declaration, as under, viz.: [i] Manchester [Montagu) ; [2] Berkshire 
[Howard); [3] Cleveland [IVentworth) ; [4] Mulgrave [Sheffield); [5] Danby 
[Danvers) ; [6] Totness [Carew) ; [7] Monmouth [Cary) ; and [8] Marlborough [Ley). 

(*>) "The solemn Clarendon, the dignified Ormond, and the virtuous Southamp- 
ton were alike objects of her ridicule and malevolence." As to the former, indeed, 
his undeserved dismissal was mainly effected by her. Thomas (Wriothesley), Earl of 
Southampton and Chichester, had, when in office (1660-67), refused to admit her 
name on the Treasury books. Shortly after his death, however (1667), she had the 
gratification of obtaining for herself and her eldest son both the Earldoms which he 
had enjoyed. 

(') She was accordingly " removed as to her bed, from her own home to a 
chamber in Whitehall next to the King's own, which " [says Pepys] " I am sorry 
to hear." To that King's lasting disgrace he forced his wife (but three months 
after her marriage) to receive this woman, /;/; acknowledged (and of a large and 
miscellaneous assortment of his subjects the ««acknowledged) Mistress. One of her 



CLEVELAND 281 

end, and she was propitiated for her loss ot the Royal favour, and even 
induced to settle for a time in France, by being; created on 3 Aug. 1670 (^) 
BARONESS NONSUCH, Surrey, COUNTESS OF SOUTHAMPTON 
and DUCHESS OF CLEVELAND, for life, with rem. of these dignities 
to her eldest son, Charles Palmer, styled Lord Limerick,('') and the heirs male 
of his body, with rem. to George Palmer, her second [jzV, but should be 
third] son(') in hke manner. Ranger of Bushy Park 1677. She also 
secured various grants of lands, and pensions for herself and her bastards. ('^) 
On 25 Nov. 1705, in her 65th year, four months after the death of her lawful 

earliest lovers was Lord Chesterfield, who is generally considered to have been the 
father of her first child (Anne, Countess of Sussex), whose paternity was (2) claimed 
by (the husband of the child's mother) the legal father, and (3) was acknowledged by 
the King in a Royal warrant of 1673. The insatiable Countess carried on intrigues (at 
the same time as with the King) with Hart and Goodman, the actors, with Jacob 
Hall, the rope dancer, with " the invincible " Henry Jermyn, with Churchill (afterwards 
the great Duke), with Wycherley, the dramatist, ^c. In 1670, in France, the 
Chevalier de Chatillon, and Ralph Montagu (afterwards Duke of Montagu), the 
English Ambassador, were among those whom she thus favoured. " If she were as 
beautiful as Helen, she had as many lovers as Messalina," says Jesse, in his Court of 
the Stuarts (vol. iv). In the magnificent picture of her by Lely, as Minerva, " the 
face is perfectly beautiful," but her beauty " was of that splendid and commanding 
character that dazzles, rather than interests." See Jameson's Court Beauties of 
Charles II. She is described (when young) by Reresby as " the finest woman of her age." 

(^) A docquet of the signed bill for the creation of this dignity [as well as one 
for the creations of the Dukedoms ofSouthampton and Grafton (both in 1675) to two 
of her sons] is in the Signet Books, but no enrolment of any of these patents appears 
to have been made. For a list of Royal Bastards, see vol. vi. Appendix F. 

(^) In the signed bill for this patent, the title of " Earl of Southampton" is given 
to him during her lifetime, and the precedency of the children of a Duke to all her 
issue. These two results would have been the natural consequence of such her 
creation if her children had been legitimate. 

{'^) Henry, the second son (who was thus passed over) was cr. Earl of Euston, isfc, 
in 1672, and Duke of Grafton in 1675, having, in the former year, m. the heiress 
(expectant) of the estate of Euston, who became suo Jure, on her father's death. 
Countess of Arlington. 

{^) "They have signed and sealed ;ri0,000 a year more to the Duchess of 
Cleveland, who has likewise near ^Ti 0,000 a year more out of the new farm of the 
County excise of beer and ale; ^^5,000 a year out of the Post Office, and, they say, 
the reversion of all the King's leases, the reversion of all places in the Custom House, 
the Green Wax, and, indeed, what not! All promotions, spiritual and temporal, pass 
under her cognizance." (Andrew Marvel, JForks, vol. ii, p. 75). The King gave her 
all his rich presents at Christmas one year ; on another he paid her debts of ;/^30,000, 
^c. Berkshire House (formerly the property of the Howards, Earls of Berkshire) was 
purchased for her by the King in 1668; its name, which was altered to Cleveland 
House, still survives in Cleveland Court and Cleveland Row ; but the site of it is 
mostly occupied by Bridgwater House, built 1847-50. Her immense fortune was 
principally squandered at the gaming table, where she is said (by Pepys, in 1668) to 
have played ^1,000 and ^^1,500 at a cast, to have won j^i 5,000 in one night, and 
to have lost ^Ta 5,000 in another. 

36 



282 CLEVELAND 

husband, she m. Robert Feilding, sometimes called Colonel or Major 
Gen., better known as "Beau Feilding" who, though ruined in fortune 
and character, was " as handsome as any of the early lovers." She was 
fortunate enough to obtain a decree of nullity of marriage, 23 May 1707, 
his previous (2nd) marriage with Mary Wadsworth, who was then alive, 
though celebrated at night by a Romish priest, with only one witness, being 
held to be good.(^) She d. of dropsy, at her house at Chiswick, Midx., 
9, and was bur. 13 Oct. 1709, at Chiswick. C") Will, dat. 1 1 Aug., pr. 10 Oct. 
1709, by Charles, Duke of Grafton, the grandson and residuary legatee. 

II. 1709. 2. Charles (Fitz-Roy formerly Palmer), Duke of 

Cleveland, Duke of Southampton, ^c, ist s. of the 
above lady by Charles II (who acknowledged the paternity), and h. to his 
mother's peerage, according to the spec. rem. in the creation thereof. He 
was b. in King Str., and bap. 18 June i66i,(^) at St. Margaret's, Westm., 
and (in right of his legal father, the Earl of Castlemaine [I.]) was known in 
his infancy as Charles Palmer, styled Lord Limerick, but as Charles 
FiTZROY, styled Earl of Southampton, after his mother's elevation to a 
Dukedom (in 1670), and was, as Earl of Southampton, nom. K.G. 25 Jan. 
and inst. i Apr. 1673. On 10 Sep. 1675, he was cr. BARON OF NEW- 
BURY, CO. Berks, EARL OF CHICHESTER and DUKE OF SOUTH- 
AMPTON.C) He matric. Dec. 16750 at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) under Dr. 

(^) The particulars are extremely curious. See State Trials, vol. xiv, p. 1327. 
Though convicted of bigamy, he obtained a pardon from Queen Anne, and after a 
short imprisonment in the Fleet, he went to Scotland with the said Mary, and lived 
with her there till his death in I 7 12. For Feilding's other marriages see ante p. 28, 
note "a," and p. 215, text. 

(*) " She was a woman of great beauty, but most enormously vicious and 
ravenous; foolish but imperious; very uneasy to the King, and always carrying on 
intrigues with other men." (Burnet's History of Itis own Times, vol. i, p. 129). V.G. 

if) The entry is " Charles Palmer, Lord Limbricke, son to ye Rt. Hon. Roger, 
Earl of Castle-Maine, by Barbara." 

i^) It appears that Sir William Dugdale ("Garter" 1667-86) represented to the 
King that the sons of the Duchess of Cleveland were styled Charles Palmer, first son, 
and George Palmer, second son, in the preamble of their mother's creation [1670], 
whereas in the creation of the former as Duke of Southampton (in 1675), and of the 
latter as Earl of Northumberland (in 1674) both are styled '■^ FitzRoy" and the 
latter is called the " tliird son " ; that these two and Henry [FitzRoy) Duke of 
Grafton are said to be tlie King's natural sons by the said Barbara, Duchess of Cleve- 
land; he therefore suggests that all the Ki>ig^s natural sons be called " FitzRoy" and 
that mention be made " on what particular woman His Majesty begot the Duke of 
Monmouth, the Duke of Richmond, and the Earl of Plymouth." See Hamper's 
Life of Dugdale. The King directed (through the Lord Privy Seal, the Earl of 
Anglesey) that no mention should be made of the mothers of the last three, but that 
they should all be called " FitzRoy" ; a privilege of which, apparently, none of these 
latter availed themselves. 

(') He is entered as " natural son of the King by the Duchess of Cleveland," 
and subscribes himself as " Charle [i/V] Southampton D." 



CLEVELAND 283 

Aldrich; M.A. i8 May 1678. (^) Hew,, istly, in 167 1 (a few months after her 
father's death on 25 May 1671), Mary, only da. and h. of Sir Henry Wood, 
Bart., Clerk of the Green Cloth, by his 2nd wife, Mary, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Gardiner, (1645-47), Solicitor Gen., the bride being about 7 and 
he about 9. At the age of legal consent (1677) ^his ceremony was repeated. 
She, who was a great heiress, d. s.p., of the smallpoXjC") when scarcely 1 7, 
on 1 5, and was ^z/r. 16 Nov. 1680, as "Duchess of Southampton," in Westm. 
Abbey. Admon. 12 Jan. 1680/1, to curators of her husband till of his age of 
21, and again 19 Sep. 1683 to him. He w., 2ndly, between 25 Oct. and 
10 Nov. 1694, Anne, da. of Sir William Pulteney, of Misterton, co. 
Leicester (grandfather of William, ist Earl of Bath), by Grace, da. of 
Sir John Corbet, ist Bart., of Stoke. He d. in St. James's Sq., Midx., 
9 Sep., and was bur. 3 Nov. 1730, in Westm. Abbey, in his 69th year.('') 
Will dat. 24 Dec. 1716, pr. 17 Nov. 1730, by his v/idow and sole legatee. 
She, who was b. 2^ Nov., and bap. i Dec. 1663, at St. Martin's-in-the- 
Fields, m., about 5 Aug. 1733, Philip Southcote, of Chertsey, Surrey, 
who survived her, but d. before Oct. 1758. She d. 20, and was bur. 
28 Feb. 1745/6, in Westm. Abbey. Will dat. 6 June 1743, pr. 3 Mar. 
1745/6 and 14 Oct. 1758. 

III. 1730 3. William (FitzRoy), Duke OF Cleveland [1670], 

to Duke of Southampton [1675], Earl of Southampton 

1774. [1670], Earl of Chichester [1675], Baron Nonsuch 

[1670], and Baron Newbury [1675], s. and h. by 2nd wife. 
He was b. 19 Feb. 1697/8; was Receiver Gen. of the Profits of the Seals 
in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and Comptroller of the Seal and 
Green Wax office. He m., 22 Jan. 173 1/2, Henrietta, 5th da. of Daniel 
(Finch), 6th Earl of Winchilsea, ^c, by his 2nd wife, Anne, da. of Chris- 
topher (Hatton), I st Viscount Hatton. She d. after less than 2 days' illness, 
of miliary fever, 14, and was bur. 18 Apr. 1742, in Westm. Abbey, 
aged 37. He d. s.p., 18 May 1774, aged 76, at Raby Castle, co. Durham 
(the residence of his nephew, the Earl of Darlington), when all his honours 
became extinct.{^) Will, dat. 27 Sep. 1763 to i Mar. 1771, pr. 27 Oct. 
1774, by the Earl of Darlington, the residuary legatee. 

(^) Dean Prideaux writes of him from Oxford, in 1676, that he "will ever be 
very simple, and scarce, I believe, ever attain to the reputation of not being thought a 
fool." Lady Cowper also, in her diary, speaks of him as "a natural fool." See 
Family of Chester of Cliiche/ey, by R. E. Chester Waters, p. 487, in which work is 
an anecdote, by Aubrey, to account for His Grace's intellects never recovering an early 
shock. This work also contains a full account of the families of Wood, and of 
Gardiner of Cuddesdon, Oxon, the ancestors of the Duke's first wife. 

C') " Poor little Duchess of Southampton is dead of the smallpox, which every 
creature is sad for." (Countess of Sunderland, to H. S., 16 Nov. 1680. Sidney's 
Diary). V.G. 

("=) He was of weak intellect, and voted with the Whigs. V.G. 

l^) " By the failure of issue a perpetual annuity of ^^8,000 per annum devolves 
on the Duke of Grafton." See Annual Reg. for 1774. 



284 



CLEVELAND 



MARQUESSATE. i. William Harry ^ (Vane), Earl of Dar- 
lington, only s. and h. of Henry, 2nd Earl of 
I. 1827. Darlington, by Margaret, sister of James, Earl of 

Lonsdale, da. of Robert Lowther [which Henry 
DUKEDOM. was s. and h. of Henry, ist Earl of Darlington, 

by Grace, sister of the whole blood of William, and 
IV. 1833. 1st da. of Charles (FitzRoy), Dukes OF Cleveland 

abovenamed], was b. 27 July, and bap. 18 Aug. 
1766, at St. James's, Westm.; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 25 Apr. 1783; 
was M.P. (Whig) for Totnes, 1788-90; for Winchelsea, 1790-92; being 
then j/j/^^ Viscount Barnard. On 8 Sep. 1792, he sue. his father as Earl 
OF Darlington. Lord Lieut, of co. Durham, 1793 till his death ;('') Col. 
in the Army (during service), 1794. On 5 Oct. 1827, he was cr. 
MARQUESS OF CLEVELAND,(^) and, on 29 Jan. 1833, cr. BARON 
RABY OF RABY CASTLE, co. DURHAM,C') and DUKE OF 
CLEVELAND. ('^) He was bearer of the 3rd Sword at the Coronation of 
William IV, 8 Sep. 1831. K.G., 17 Apr. 1839. He w., istly, 17 Sep. 
1787, at Hackwood, Hants, his maternal cousin, Katherine, 2nd da. and 
coh. of Harry (Powlett), 6th and last Duke of Bolton, by his 2nd wife, 
Katherine, sister of James, Earl of Lonsdale, and da. of Robert Lowther 

(^) He was bap. as " William Harry" but seems generally to have been known 
as « William Henry." 

(*>) He was, though the owner of 6 borough seats [vix. 2 for Ilchester, 2 for 
Camelford, and 2 for Winchelsea), a zealous supporter of Reform. It is said of him 
that " he bought his boroughs to be made a Marquess, and gave them up to be made 
a Duke." He obtained the former title under the Ministry of Viscount Goderich, 
and the latter under that of Earl Grey. He was a keen sportsman and a Master of 
Fox Hounds. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(') It is a cause of wonder that the head of the historic house of Vane of Raby, 
himself the holder of a peerage of some antiquity (1699), should have so prided him- 
self on a bastard descent from an infamous adulteress, that when he obtained a step 
in the Peerage, he changed his title to that of " Cleveland" a peerage conferred on 
his notorious ancestress as the actual wages of her prostitution, and one which had 
stunk in the nostrils of the nation during the 40 years she enjoyed it ; one, too, 
which had not been redeemed from the slur thus attached to it by any merit of her 
successors, of whom the one was a fool and the other a nonentity. The selection is 
more remarkable as the Earls of Darlington do not appear to have inherited any of 
their vast estates from this woman. 

("^) As to the Barony of Raby, when the celebrated Sir Thomas Wentworth 
(then Viscount Wentworth) was cr. Earl of Strafford (1640), he was at the same 
time cr. " Baron of Raby, a house belonging to Sir Henry Vane, and an honour he 
made account should belong to himself, which was an act of the most unnecessary 
provocation that I have known, and, I believe, was the chief occasion of the loss of 
the Earl's head." See Clarendon, vol. i, p. 150. The limitation of this Barony was 
(unlike that of the Earldom) with a spec, rem., under which it lasted till 1799, 
when, on the death of Frederick Thomas (Wentworth), 3rd Earl of Strafford and 
5th Baron of Raby, it became extinct. It was, some thirty years afterwards, not 
unnaturally, revived in favour of the family of Vane, the actual owners of Raby. 



CLEVELAND 



285 



abovementioned. She, who was b. 1766, d. 17 June 1807, at Cleveland 
House, St. James's Sq. Admon. (as Countess of Darlington) Nov. 18 16. 
He ;«., 2ndly, 27 July 18 13 (spec, lie), at his house in St. James's Sq., 
Elizabeth Russell (da. of Robert Russell, a market gardener), of Newton 
House, in Burmiston, co. York, spinster.(^) He d. 29 Jan. 1842, aged 
75, in St. James's Sq., and was bur. at Staindrop. Will pr. Apr. 1842, 
personalty under ;ri,ooo,oco.('') His widow d. 31 Jan. 1861, .?./>., aged 
84, at 23 Grosvenor Sq. Will pr. 3 Apr. 1861, under ^yoofioo. 



DUKEDOM 
V. 



MARQUESSATE 
II. 



1842. 



2. Henry (Vane), Duke of Cleveland, 
i^c., 1st s. and h. by ist wife, b. 6 Aug., and 
bap. 13 Sep. 1788, at St. James's, Westm.; 
matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.), 21 Apr. 1806; 
M.P.(') for CO. Durham, 18 12-15; for Win- 
chelsea, 18 16-18; for Tregony, 1818-26; and 
for Totnes, 1826-30, being then styled Vis- 
count Barnard; for Saltash, 1830-31; and for South Salop, 1832-42, 
being then styled Earl of Darlington. In 18 15 he joined the Army, was 
Lieut. Col. 75th Foot in 1824, Maj. Gen. 1851, Lieut. Gen. 1857, and 
finally, Gen. in the Army, 1863. K.G., n Apr. 1842. He w., 18 Nov. 
1809, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Sophia, ist da. of John (Poulett), 4th Earl 
Poulett, by his ist wife, Sophia, da. and h. of Admiral Sir George Pocock, 
K.B. She, who was b. 16 Mar. 1785, d. 9 Jan. 1859, aged 73, at Raby 
Castle. He d. there, suddenly, j./., 18 Jan. 1864, aged 75. Will pr. 
3 Mar. 1864, under ;^ 8 00,000. 



DUKEDOM 
VI. 



MARQUESSATE 
III. 



1864. 



3. William John Frederick (Powlett, 

afterwards Vane), Duke of Cleveland, &"€., 

br. (of the whole blood) and h., b. 3 Apr., and 

bap. 5 May 1792, at St. James's, Westm.; 

matric. at Oxford (Brasenose Coll.), 24 May 

1809, M.A., 10 June 18 12. By royal lie, 

14 Apr. 18 13, he took the surname oi Powlett 

in lieu of that of Vane, under the will of his maternal grandmother, the 

Duchess of Bolton. M.P.C) for Winchelsea, 18 12-15; for co. Durham, 

1815-31; for St. Ives, 1846-52; and for Ludlow, 1852-57. Shortly after 

(*) She was formerly the mistress of Mr. Coutts, the Banker. " Lord 
Darlington is to marry his bonne amie, Mrs. Russell, alias Fonnereau, this week." 
(Lady Holland, July 1813). V.G. 

C") He was said (besides estates) to have left ;f 1,250,000 in consols, and about 
;^i, 000,000 worth of plate and jewels. He "always had his wine glasses made 
without a foot, so that they would not stand, and you were obliged to drink off the 
whole glass when you dined with him." (Lord Belhaven, 1865); ex infirm. Bright 
Brown. V.G. 

(<=) He was a Whig till about 1829, when he turned Tory. V.G. 

('*) He was a Whig till about 1831, when he turned Tory. V.G. 



286 CLEVELAND 

his succession to the Dukedom, he, by royal lie, 4 Mar. 1864, resumed 
his patronymic of Vane. He ;»., 3 July 18 15, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Grace Caroline, 5th and yst. da. of William (Lowther), Earl of Lons- 
dale, by Augusta, da. of John (Fane), 9th Earl of Westmorland. He 
d. s.p., at Raby Castle, 6, and was bur. 13 Sep. 1864, in St. Mary's, 
Staincross, Durham, in his 73rd year. Will pr. 29 Oct. 1864, under 
;^i8o,ooo. His widow, who was b. 17 Feb. 1792, d. i Nov. 1883, 
aged 91, at Osterley Park, Midx.(^) Will pr. 31 Dec. 1883, over 
;^434,ooo. 



DUKEDOM 
VII. 



MARQUESSATE 
IV. 



4. Harry George (Vane, nftei-wards 
r,. Powlett), Dure of Cleveland [1833], 
^ Marquess of Cleveland [1827], Earl of 
n Darlington [1754], Viscount Barnard 
" ' of Barnard's Castle [1754], Baron Bar- 
nard OF Barnard's Castle [1699], and 
Baron Raby, of Raby Castle [1833], yst. 
and only surv. br. (of the whole blood) and h., b. 19 Apr. 1803; 
matric. at Oxford (Oriel Coll.), 12 Feb. 1821, B.A. (Grand Compounder), 
19 Feb. 1829. Attache to the Embassy at Paris, 1829; Sec. of legation 
at Stockholm, 1839-41; M.P. (Liberal) for South Durham, 1841-59, and 
for Hastings, i859-64.('') Shortly after his succession to the Dukedom, 
he, by royal lie, 18 Nov. 1864, took the name of Powlett in lieu of 
that of Vcine, under the will of his maternal grandmother, the Duchess of 
Bolton. K.G., 10 Apr. 1865; Hon. D.C.L., Oxford, 21 June 1876; 
Hon. D.C.L., Durham, 27 June 1882. He ;»., 2 Aug. 1854, at 
Chevening, Kent, Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina, widow of Archibald Prim- 
rose, styled Lord Dalmeny, da. of Philip Henry (Stanhope), 4th Earl 
Stanhope, by Catherine Lucy, da. of Robert (Smith), ist Baron 
Carrington of Upton. He d. s.p., 21 Aug. 1891, at Cleveland House, 
16 St. James's Sq., aged 88, when all his honours, except the Barony of 
Barnard [1699], became extinct. Will pr. at ^^1,440,889. His widow, who 
was b. I June 18 19, d. suddenly, of heart failure, at Wiesbaden, 18, and 
was bur. 24 May 1 901, at Staindrop.("=) Will dat. 10 Oct. 1 891 to 8 Feb. 
1895, ?■"• June 1901, gross over ;^i 19,000, net over ;^i 18,000. 

(*) " She was agreeable, and on the whole, kind, but she was very sarcastic and 
intolerant; and on the slightest deviation from what she considered the laws of good 
society, she never scrupled to give her opinion, and that in a very unpleasant man- 
ner." {Memories of Fifty Tears, by Lady St. Helier, 1909, p. 96). Sir Horace 
Rumbold says {Recollections) she was " kindness itself to those who were so fortunate as 
to be in her good graces, and the truest and most unflinching of friends." V.G. 

C") Unlike his 2 elder brothers and predecessors in title he remained constant 
to the politics of his youth. V.G. 

(') Her work on The Battle Abbe\< Roll {i8S^), in 3 vols., is agreeably written 
and contains much interesting family history. But its whole basis, as an attempt to 
vindicate the Roll, is wrong, and its acceptance of the statements in The Norman 
People disastrous. It was doubtless due to her interest in the family history that the 



CLEVELAND 287 

FamUy Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 55,537 acres in co. 
Durham; 25,604 in Salop; 6,025 in Sussex; 4,784 in Somerset; 3,482 in 
Northants; 2,397 in Wilts; 2,449 i" Kent; 2,520 in Cornwall; an un- 
known quantity (worth ;(i3,970 a year) in co. Stafford; 1,085 '" Devon, and 
II in CO. Gloucester. Total 104,194 acres, worth £^7,29^ a year. 
Principal Residences. — Raby Castle, co. Durham, and Battle Abbey, Sussex. 
Note. — Battle Abbey, with 6,000 acres, was sold by auction 26 Nov. 1901, 
for ;^ 2 00,000, C*) to Sir Augustus Webster, Bart., whose father had sold it 
to the 4th Duke in 1857. 



CLEWORTH 

John (Drummond), Earl of Melfort [S.], was, by patent, dat. at 
Dublin, 7 Aug. 1689, cr. by James II (after his deposition from the 
English throne), BARON CLEWORTH [i.e. Clewer, near Windsor], 
Berks-C) See "Melfort," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1686. For a list of 
the Jacobite Peerage see vol. i. Appendix F. 



CLIFDEN OF GOWRAN 

BARONY [I.] I. James Agar,('=) s. and h. of Henry A., of 

, , Gowran Castle, co. Kilkenny (d. 18 Nov. 1746), by 

' ' ■ Anne, sister of Welbore, Baron Mendip, da. of 

-^-j_^,, i-. , Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Meath, was b. 25 Mar. 

Vlbt^UUINiUl [l.J j^^^. ^^g ^_p_ ^^^ Gowran, 1753-60; for co. 

I. 1781. Kilkenny, 1761-76; and for Gowran again, 1776; 

Commissioner of the Revenue [I.], 1771-85; Com- 

arms and alliances of the Vane family (the early ones mythical) were set up in the 
windows of the great hall at Battle, [ex inform. J. H. Round). "In her youth had 
been a most beautiful woman. She possessed much of the ability of her brother; 
she had read widely, talked very well, and was a good artist. Her second husband, 
the late Duke of Cleveland, was a fine specimen of an English aristocrat, and as he 
got older I think his picturesqueness increased. In the evening, when he wore his 
Ribbon of the Garter, standing up with his tall erect figure, piercing eyes, and snow- 
white hair, he was always a very striking personage." {Alcmories of Fifty Tears, by 
Lady St. Helier, 1909, p. 94). Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff in his Notes from a 
Diary mentions "the excellent reply attributed to her when some foreigner, who had 
been long absent from England, said 'And what has become of that beautiful Lady 
Dalmeny whom I used to admire so much,' 'Ah monsieur, elle n'est plus.'" V.G. 

(^) The Duke of Cleveland was one of the 28 noblemen who in 1883 possessed 
above 100,000 acres in the United Kingdom. See a list thereof in vol. vi, 
Appendix H. 

(b) See Riddell, p. 963. 

(■=) See vol. ii, p. 487, note " b," as to the 4 Peerages, conferred, within 40 years, 
on different members of the house of Agar, 



288 CLIFDEN 

missioner of Excise [I.], 1776-85. He was on 27 July I776,(*) cr. LORD 
CLIFDEN, BARON OF GOWRAN, co. Kilkenny [I.], being introduced 
to the House of Peers, 14 Oct. 1777; and was, 12 Jan. 178 1, cr. 
VISCOUNT CLIFDEN OF GOWRAN, co. Kilkenny [I.], taking his 
seat 9 Oct. 1781; P.C. [I.] 16 Oct. 1784; Joint Postmaster Gen. [I.] 
1784-89. He m., 20 Mar. 1760, Lucia, widow of the Hon. Henry 
Boyle- Walsingham, ist da. of John Martin, of Dublin, Col. in the 
Army. He d. i Jan. 1789, in Ireland, and was bur. at Gowran, aged 54. 
Will pr. 1789. His widow d. at Lady Mendip's House, Twickenham, 
Midx., 26, and was bur. 29 July 1802, at Twickenham, aged 70. M.I. 
Willpr. 1802. 

VISCOUNTCY 2. Henry Welbore (Agar, afterwards Ellis), 

AND Viscount Clifden of Gowran, fsPc. [I.], s. and h., b. 

BARONY [I.] 22 Jan. 1761. Clerk of the Privy Council [I.] 1785 

till the abolition of that office in 18 17; M.P. for co. 

II. 1789. Kilkenny [I.], 1783-89; for Heytesbury, 1 793-1 802. ('') 

He took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 13 Feb. 
1789. By the death, 2 Feb. 1802, of his great uncle, Welbore (Ellis), 
Baron Mendip of Mendip, Somerset, abovenamed, he inherited that 
peerage [G.B.] under the spec. rem. in its creation (13 Aug. 1794), and by 
royal lie, 4 Feb. 1804, took the surname of Ellis only. F.S.A. 8 Dec. 1803. 
He wz., 10 Mar. 1792, at Sion House, Isleworth, Midx., by spec, lie, Caroline, 
1st da. of George (Spencer), Duke of Marlborough, by Caroline, da. of 
John (Russell), 4th Duke of Bedford. She, who was b. 27 Oct., and bap. 
23 Nov. 1763, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, d. at Blenheim, 23, and was 
bur.the.Tt 29 Nov. 18 13. Admon. Dec. 18 13. He d. in Han. Sq., 13, and 
was bur. 31 July 1836, aged 75, at Twickenham, Midx. Will pr. Sep. 1836. 

III. 1836. 3. Henry (Agar-Ellis), Viscount Clifden of 

Gowran, &'c. [I.], also Baron Mendip [G.B.] and 
Baron Dover [U.K.], grandson and h., being s. and h. of George 
James Welbore (Agar-Ellis), Baron Dover, of Dover, Kent (so cr., v.p., 
20 June 1 831), by Georgiana, da. of George (Howard), 6th Earl of 
Carlisle, which Lord Dover was only s. and h. ap. of the last Viscount 
Clifden. He was b. 25 Feb. 1825; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford, 
B.A. 1845; sue. his father as Baron Dover, 10 July 1833; a Gent, of the 
Bedchamber to the Prince Consort 1846-52, being a Liberal in politics. 
He w., 23 Feb. 1861, Eliza Horatia Frederica,('') da. of Frederick Charles 

(") For the profuse creations in the Irish Peerage at this date, see Appendix H 
to this volume. 

C") In politics he was in the English House of Commons a supporter of Pitt, 
but after Pitt's death in 1806, reverted to the Whigs, whom he had supported in 
the Irish House of Commons before the outbreak of the French Revolution. V.G. 

if) Described by Henry Greville as " lovely to behold, full of grace and gracious- 
ness of demeanour." V.G. 



CLIFDEN 289 

William Seymour, by his 2nd wife, Augusta, da. of Frederick (Hervey), 
1st Marquess of Bristol. He d. 20 Feb. 1866, at Dover House, 
Whitehall, Midx., from softening of the brain, aged nearly 4i.(^) Will 
pr. 13 Mar. 1866, under ^-jOf)00. His widow, who was b. 16 July 
1833, was one of the Ladies of the Bedchamber, 1867-72; extra Lady of 
the Bedchamber, 1872; V.A., 3rd class. She w., 2ndly, 12 Oct. 1875, ^t 
St. John's, Wilton Road, Midx., Sir Walter George Stirling, 3rd Bart., 
sometime Lieut. R.A. She d. 23 Apr. 1896, at Burr's Wood, and was bur. 
at Groombridge, Kent. 

IV. 1866. 4. Henry George (Agar-Ellis), Viscount Clifden 

OF GowRAN [L], yc, only s. and h. He was iJi. 3 Sep. 1863, 
at Dover House, Whitehall, Midx., and was ed. at Eton. He was a 
Liberal till 1886, and thereafter a Liberal Unionist. He d. unm., 
28 Mar. 1895, of pneumonia, at 7 Carlton Gardens, aged 31, and was 
bur. at Holdenby, Northants. Estate duty paid on ;^276,i70. 

V. 1895. 5- Leopold George Frederick (Agar-Ellis), Vis- 

count Clifden of Gowran [I.], tfc, uncle and h. male; 
b. 13 May 1829, in Spring Gardens; ed. at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, 
M.A., 1852; Barrister (Inner Temple), 1854; A.D.C. to the Earl of Carlisle 
when Lord Lieut. [I.] 1855-58 and 1859-64; M.P. (Liberal) for co. Kil- 
kenny, 1 857-74. ('') He m., 8 Feb. 1864, at the R.C. Church of the 
Assumption, Warwick Str., and afterwards at St. James's, Piccadilly, Harriet, 
6th da. of Thomas (Stonor), Lord Camoys, by Frances, da. of Peregrine 
Edward Towneley. He d. s.p.m.s.,zt 19 Wilton Str., S.W., 10, and was 
bur. 14 Sep. 1899, at Brompton Cemetery, aged 70. Will pr. over ;/^4,ooo. 
On his death the Barony of Dover became extinct. His widow, who was b. 
5 Apr. 1836, is now (19 12) living. 

VI. 1899. 6. Thomas Charles (Agar-Robartes), Viscount 

Clifden of Gowran [1781] and Lord Clifden, Baron 
of Gowran [1776], in the Peerage of Ireland, also Baron Mendip [G.B. 
1794] and Baron Robartes of Lanhydrock and Truro [U.K. 1869], 
cousin and h., b. i Jan. 1844, in Grosvenor PL; ed. at Harrow, and at 
Ch. Ch. Oxford, M.A. 1869; Barrister (Middle Temple) 1870; M.P. 
(Liberal) for East Cornwall 1880-82; sue. his father as Baron Robartes 
9 Mar. 1882. His claim to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] was 
admitted 10 Feb. 1900. He m., 24 Apr. 1878, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., 
Mary, da. of Francis Henry Dickinson, of King's Weston, Somerset, by 
Caroline, da. of Major Gen. Thomas Carey. 

(^) He devoted his energies and fortune to the Turf, winning the Derby and the 
St. Leger with " SurpHce " in 1848. V.G. 
C") He became a Unionist in 1886. V.G. 

37 



290 CLIFDEN 

[Thomas Charles Reginald Agar-Robartes, ist s. and h. ap., b. 
11 May 1880, at 30 Upper Grosvenor Str. ; M.P. (Liberal) for the Bodmin 
div. of Cornwall Jan. to June 1906, and for the St. Austell div. of that co. 
1908.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 4,774 acres in North- 
ants; 2,976 in Bucks; 2,537 in Somerset; 1,107 in Oxon, and 36 in 
Midx. Total, in England, 11,430 acres, worth ;£i4,594 a year. Also 
35,288 acres in co. Kilkenny; 821 in co. DubHn; 978 in co. Kildare, and 
500 in CO. Meath. Total, in Ireland, 37,587 acres worth /,'24,32i a year. 
Grand total, 49,017 acres, worth ^,38,915 a year.(^) Principal Residences. — 
Lanhydrock, Bodmin, Cornwall, and Wimpole Hall, near Royston, co. 
Cambridge. 

CLIFFORD 

BARONY BY i. Robert de Clifford,^') s. and h. of Roger de C. 

WRIT. (who d. v.p., 6 Nov. I2 82),('') by Isabel, da. and coh. of 

Robert de Vipont, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland 
I. 1299. (by Isabel, 2nd sister and in her issue coh. of Richard Fitz- 

John [Lord Fitzjohn]), was b. about Easter 1274, being 
aged 9 years at Easter 11 Edw. I; sue. his grandfather in 1286, before 
3 Apr. \(f) and, in 1 2 9 1 , inherited a moiety of the estates of the great family 
of Vipont, on the death of his mother {i.e. Brougham Castle, Westmorland, 
the Hereditary Shrievalty (*) of that county, G^c.). He had seisin of his 
inheritance 3 May 1295, and was, on the death of his great-uncle, Richard 
Fitzjohn abovenamed, 1297, found one of his coheirs. He served in the 
wars with Scotland; was Justice in Eyre North of Trent, 1 297-1 307/8; Gov. 
of Nottingham Castle, July 1298. He was sum. to Pari, from 29 Dec. 
(1299) 28 Edw. I to 26 Nov. (13 13) 7 Edw. II, by writs directed Roberto 
de Clifford, whereby he is held to have become LORD CLIFFORD.O 

(*) The above account is not now (1912) even approximately correct. The 
Northants and the Irish estates passed to Lilah Georgiana Augusta Constance, only 
da. of the 3rd Viscount (which Lilah had married, in 1884, Luke (White), Baron 
Annaly), and the Cornish property given under Robartes should now take its place. V.G. 

C') The name of this illustrious family is taken from the small village of Clifford, 
their ancient possession, near Hay, co. Hereford. The ruins of Clifford Castle still 
(1912) exist. 

(f) He was drowned when crossing a bridge of boats near the Menai Straits. 
He was son of another Roger, a feudal Baron of co. Hereford, and Justice of the 
Forest South of Trent Aug. 1265. This last named Roger's wife is described on the 
Fine i?o//ras" Comitissa de Lerett," and as "Countess of Lauretania" by Dugdale, who 
quotes Glover's Collections to the effect that he had married her at "St. George in 
France in I Edw. I." V.G. 

(d) Fine Roll. 

(^) In the list of Sheriffs, Michaelmas 1298, the names appear of "Robert 
de Clifford and Idonea de Leyburn." V.G. 

(') As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title, 
see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 



CLIFFORD 291 

He was Capt. Gen. of the Marches of Scotland, 1299; was one of the Barons 
whose seal was affixed to the celebrated letter to the Pope, in 1301, being 
therein described as " Caitellanus de AppelbyT By Edward I he was granted 
the manor of Skelton, Cumberland, Skipton Castle, co. York, i^c; while by- 
Edward II he was made, for a few months in 1307, Marshal of England ;(^) 
Justice South of Trent 1307-07/8; Warden of the Scottish marches 1308. He 
m. Maud, 2nd and yst. da. of Thomas de Clare (2nd s. of Richard, Earl of 
Gloucester and Hertford), by Julian, da. of Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, 
Lord Justice of Ireland. He^. 24 June 13 14, aged 39, being slain at the battle 
of Bannockburn,('') and was (probably) bur. with his mother at Shap Abbey, 
Westmorland.^) Writ for Inq. p. m. 28 July (13 14) 8 Edw. II. Will 
pr. 18 Sep. 1 3 14. His widow w., without lie, before 16 Dec. 13 15, Robert 
DE Welle- [Lord Welle], who d. s.p.^ Aug. 1320; she was found to 
be in i320-2i,"i4 Edw. II, h. to her nephew Thomas, only s. and h. of 
Richard de Clare [Lord Clare]. C) She d. between 4 Mar. 12~6J7 
and 24 May 1327, when the writ for her Inq. p. m. is dated. 

II. 13 14. 2. Roger (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

Westmorland, s. and h., 1^. 21 Jan. (or 2 Feb.) 1 299/1 300. 
He was sum. to Pari, from 6 Nov. 13 19 to 15 May 1321. He joined in the 
rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, with whom he was defeated at 
Boroughbridge and taken prisoner, 16 Mar. 132 1/2, being shortly after- 
wards, 23 Mar., executed at York. He is described in the contemporary 
Boroughbridge Roll as a Banneret.(°) He d. s.p., aged 22. Writ for his 
Inq. p. m. 12 Feb. 1326/7. 

III. 1322. 3. Robert (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

W^estmorland, br. and h., b. 5 Nov. 1305. He had seisin 
of his mother's and brother's lands 20 Aug. 1327. He was sum. to Pari, 
from 10 Dec. 1327 to 20 Apr. 1344. By the death of his great-aunt, 
Idoine de Vipont, he inherited other considerable estates of that family. 
He served in the Scottish wars, and repaired the Castle at Skipton, which 
had suffered much therein. He ;»., in Berkeley Castle, June 1328, Isabel, 
da. of Maurice (de Berkeley), Lord Berkeley, by his ist wife, Eve, da. of 
Eudes LA ZoucHE. With her he had ;^ 1,000 and 50 marks, for her portion. 
He d. 20 May 1344, aged 38. His widow m., shortly before 9 June 1345, 
when they had pardon for m. without lie, Sir Thomas Musgrave, and d. 
25 July 1362. 

(*) For a list of Marshals of England see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

C") For an account of this battle and of the nobles who fell therein see vol. xi, 
Appendix B. 

(^) See a tract entitled Lord Robert de Clifford: where was he buried? by Cor- 
nelius Nicholson, 1862. His body was returned by Bruce to England for burial. V.G. 

C^) See ante, p. 247, note " c." 

(*) For an account of this battle see vol. ii, Appendix C. 



292 CLIFFORD 

IV. 1342. 4. Robert (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

Westmorland, s. and h., aged 13^ or 16 (probably the 
latter) at his father's death. He m., between i and 20 Apr. 1343,0 
Eufeme, da. of Ralph (Nevill), 2nd Lord Nevill, by Alice, sister of Hugh 
(d'Audley), Earl of Gloucester, da. of Hugh (Audley), senior. Lord 
AuDLEY. He d. under age in France, s.p., in 1345, before 7 Nov. His 
widow m., early in I347,('') Reynold Lucy, s. of Thomas [Lord] Lucy. 
She ?«., 3rdly, Sir Walter Heselarton, and d. late in Oct. or early 
Nov. 1393. 



V. 1345. 5. Roger (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

Westmorland, br. and h., ^. 10 July 1333, made proof 
of his age, 10 Aug. (1354) 28 Edw. Ill, having had livery of his lands 
3 months before, 14 May 1354. He was sum. to Pari, from 15 Dec. 1357 
to 28 July 1388. C^) He was one of the most distinguished of his race, 
serving in the wars with Scotland and France. Sheriff of Westmorland in 
1360. He had livery of the Castle of Skipton in Craven 30 Aug. 1362, 
after his mother's death. In 1377 he was Sheriff of Cumberland, and 
Gov. of Carlisle Castle, was a Knight Banneret, and was sometime Warden 
of the East and West Marches. On 12 Oct. 1386 he gave evidence in the 
famous Scrope and Grosvenor controversy. He m. Maud, da. of Thomas 
(de Beauchamp), Earl of Warwick, by Catherine, da. of Roger (de Mor- 
timer), 1st Earl of March. He d. 13 July 1389, aged 56.('') His 
widow d. Jan. or Feb. 1402/3. 

VI. 1389. 6. Thomas (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff 

of Westmorland, s. and h., aged 26 at his father's death. 
He was v.p., a Knight of the King's Chamber, and, 1384, Gov. of Carlisle 
Castle for life. He was sum. to Pari, from 6 Dec. 1389 to 7 Sep. 139 1. He 
m. Elizabeth, da. of Thomas (de Ros), Lord Ros, by Beatrice, da. of Ralph 
(de Stafford), ist Earl of Stafford. He d. 18 Aug. 1391 (and not, as 
according to some accounts, 4 Oct. 1393), being said to have been slain, 
near Spruce [.''], in Germany. His widow d. Mar. 1424. (") 

(*) On this latter date his father conveyed Maltby, co. York, to him and 
Eufeme. V.G. 

C^) Cal. of Patent Rolls, 1345-48, p. 248. V.G. 

i^) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

{^) In Close Roll, 49 Edw. Ill (1375), mention is made of an heiress being 
entrusted " Rogero domino de Clifford," which looks like a recognition of him in 
modern fashion as Lord Clifford, {ex inform. W. H. B. Bird). V.G. Sir Lewis 
Clifford, K.G., whose curious will (1404) is given by Dugdale, and who is the 
reputed ancestor of the Barons Clifford of Chudleigh, was probably a br., but 
certainly not a son, of this Lord. 

if) The inventory of her goods, undated, is printed in Test. Ehor. (Surtees Soc), 
vol. iii, pp. 85-87. Her will has not been found. V.G. 



CLIFFORD 293 

VII. 1 39 1 7. John (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

or Westmorland, only s. and h., scarce 3 years old at his 

1393. father's death; made proof of his age (1410-11) 

12 Hen. IV. He was sum. to Pari, from 21 Sep. 141 1 to 
26 Feb. i42o/i.('') He took part in a great tournament at Carlisle 
between six English and six Scottish Knights, as also in the French war. 
K.G. 3 May 142 1. He m., between Aug. 1403 and Nov. 141 2, Eliza- 
beth, da. of the famous Sir Henry Percy ("Hotspur"), by Elizabeth, 
da. of Edmund (de Mortimer), Earl of March. He d. 13 Mar. 1421/2, 
being slain at the siege of Meaux, in France. His widow ;»., 2ndly (cont. 
7 May 1426; lie. to m. whom she would, 20 July 1426; disp. after marr., 
28 Nov. 1426), as his ist wife, Ralph (Nevill), 2nd Earl of Westmorland, 
who d. 3 Nov. 1484. She i. 26 Oct. 1437. 

VIII. 1422. 8. Thomas (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

Westmorland, only s. and h., />. 25 Mar. 141 4, being aged 
7 years and 43 weeks at his father's death, making proof of his age (1435-36) 

14 Hen. VI. He was sum. to Pari, from 19 Dec. 1436 to 20 Jan. 1 452/3. (^) 
In 29 Hen. VI (1450-51) he was one of an Embassy to King James of 
Scotland. He m., after his grandmother's death,('') Mar. 1424, Joan, da. 
of Thomas (Dacre), Lord Dacre (of Gillesland), by Philippe, da. of Ralph 
(Nevill), Earl of Westmorland. He was slain, ex parte Regis, at the 
first battle of St. Albans, 22 May 1455, aged 41, and was i?ur. in the Abbey 
church there. C^) 

IX. 1455 9. John (de Clifford), Lord Clifford, Sheriff of 

to Westmorland, s. and h., h. and I^a/>. at Conisborough Castle, 

1 46 1. 8 Apr. I435.('^) ^^ ^^^ ^"""'- ^° ^^^^- 3° i^^Y h6o,(^) 

by writ directed Johanni Clifford domino de Clyfford chivaler. 
In Feb. 1458 he "with a grete power" was demanding compensation for 
his father's death. Gov. of Penrith Castle, and Commissary Gen. of the 
Scottish Marches. He was one of the Lancastrian leaders at the battle of 
Wakefield, where he was knighted, 31 Dec. 1460, and where " for slaughter 
of men he was called the Butcher."('^) On 28 Mar. 146 1, the eve of the 

(^) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

('') She had paid the King j^200 for his marriage. V.G. 

{^) His aunt, Maud, widow of Richard, Earl of Cambridge, in her will dat. 

15 Aug. 1446, calls him Dominus de Clifford et de IFestmerland. 

(<*) Proof of age 16 June 1456 (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 162, no. 30); ix 
inform. G. VV. Watson. V.G. 

(■=) See Lelaiid. According to Hall (who wrote some 80 or 90 years afterwards), 
followed by Holinshed and later historians, and immortalised by Shakespeare, it was 
this " Bloody Clifford " who slew, in cold blood after the battle, the young Earl of 
Rudand (s. of the Duke of York), and even (according to Shakespeare) the Duke of 
York himself, whom however, more trustworthy authority represents as slain in the 
battle, though his head (according to Holinshed) was cut off after death by Lord 
Clifford, crowned with paper and sent to Margaret, the Queen Consort. 



294 CLIFFORD 

fatal battle of Towton, he was slain by a chance arrow, close to that field, 
at Ferrybridge, and is supposed to have been bur. in a pit with some of those 
who were there slain. On 4 Nov. following he was attainted, whereby his 
peerage was forfeited^ and his estates confiscated. (^) He m. Margaret, da. 
and h. of Henry (de Bromflete), Lord Vessy, by his 2nd wife, Eleanor, 
da. of William (Fitzhugh), Lord Fitzhugh. On her father's death s.p.m.y 
6 Jan. 1468, she appears to have considered herself entitled to the Barony 
of Vessy.('') She m., 2ndly, Sir Lancelot Threlkeld, of Threlkeld, Cumber- 
land, and d. 12 Apr. 1493, being bur. at Londesborough, co. York. 

X. 1485. 10. Henry Clifford, called "The Shepherd Lord," 

SherifF of Westmorland, s. and h., b. about 1454. His 
existence was (for security against the disfavour with which his family was 
regarded by the reigning house), concealed by his mother, he being brought 
up, it is said, as a Shepherd. He had a gen. pardon 16 Mar. 1471/2. On 
the accession of Henry VII, he was knighted, his attainder reversed^ 9 Nov. 
1485, whereby he became LORD CLIFFORD, and his estates restored. He 
was sum. to Pari, from 15 Sep. (1485) i Hen. VII to 23 Nov. (15 14) 
6 Hen. VIII, by writs directed Henrico Clifford de Clifford cKr.(^^ K.B. at 
the Coronation of Henry VIII 23 June 1509. He fought at Flodden, 
9 Sep. 1 5 13, capturing 3 pieces of ordnance which he mounted at his castle of 
Skipton. In 1522, he contributed no less than 1000 marks for the French 
expedition. He m., istly, before 1493, Anne,('') da. of Sir John St. John, 
of Bletso, Beds, by Alice, da. of Sir Thomas Bradshaigh, of Haigh, co. 
Lancaster. He w., 2ndly, before 11 July 151 1, Florence, widow of Sir 
Thomas Talbot, da. of Henry Pudsey, of Berforth, co. York, by Margaret, 
da. of Christopher Conyers, of Hornby, in that co. He Q d. 23 Apr. 

(*) The Lordship of Westmorland was granted to Richard, Duke of Gloucester; 
the Barony of Skipton to Sir William Stanley. 

C') The peerage of de Vessy had, however, become extinct, having been ex- 
pressly limited to the heirs male of the body of the grantee, by the writ, 24 Jan. 
1448/9, under which it originated; a singular (and indeed, in England, ««/y«f) instance 
of such limitation in a Barony cr. by writ. G.E.C. Nevertheless this John Lord 
Clifford and Henry his son, are each called in the Patent Roll, 3 Hen. VIII, part i, m. 
12, "Lord Clifford Westmorland and Vescy," though they were only hereditary 
sheriffs of Westmorland and neither was Baron of Vessy. V.G. 

i^) He figures in a bogus list concocted by Dugdale [Summonses, pp. 491-2), as 
having been sum. to a Pari, beginning 12 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII (really the date to which 
the Pari, which first met 5 Feb. 15 14/5 had been prorogued). As to this list see 
note sub Robert, Lord Willoughbv (of Broke) [1502]. V.G. 

{^) This Anne was ist cousin by the half blood of the King; her grandmother, 
Margaret Beauchamp (who m., istly. Sir Oliver St. John), m., 2ndly, John (Beaufort), 
Duke of Somerset, whose da. and h., Margaret, was mother of Henry VII. See 
tabular ped. in vol. ii, p. 206. 

{^) He seldom "came to Court, or London," residing chiefly at Bardon tower, 
near Bolton, and devoting his energies to astronomy and astrology. Wordsworth's 
Song at the feast of Brougham Castle as also his IVhite Doe of Rylstone gives an account 
of this Lord's romantic career. 



CLIFFORD 295 

1523, aged about yo-C) His widow ;«., 3rdly, Richard Grey, yr. s. of 
Thomas, ist Marquess of Dorset. 



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XI. 1523. II. Henry (Clifford), Lord Clifford, s. " 

and h. by ist wife, L 1493. On 18 June 1525 
he, as "Henry Clyfford, Knt.,Lord CIvfford, Westmoreland C") and 
Vescy," was cr. EARL OF CUMBERLAND. He ^. 22 Apr. 
1542. 

Xn. 1542. 12. Henry (Clifford), Earl ofCumberland 

and Lord Clifford, s. and h., l>. 1517. He 
d. 2 Jan. 1569/70. 

XIIL 1570. 13. George(Clifford),EarlofCumberland 

and Lord Clifford, s. and h., L 8 Aug. 1558. 
He d. s.p.m.s., 29 Oct. 1605, and was sue. by his br. and h. mn/e 
in the Earldom of Cumberland, but, de Jure, by his da. and h. 
(general) in the Barony of Clifford. (") 

[Francis Clifford, sty/ed Lord Clifford, ist s. and h. ap.,d. in boy- 
hood, early in Dec. 1589, at Skipton Castle.] 

[Robert Clifford, sly/ed Lord Clifford, yr. of the two, but ist surv. 
s. and h. ap., I?, at North Hall, Herts. He d. there young, 24 May 1591.] 

XIV. 1605 14. Anne C^) (d'(?_;«rc'), j«o_/Krc', Baroness Clifford,('') 

to only da. and h. of the 3rd Earl of Cumberland, 13th Lord 

1676. Clifford, by Margaret, da. of Francis (Russell), Earl of 

Bedford, was L at Skipton Castle, 30 Jan., and Ipap. 

22 Feb. 1589/90, in Skipton church. She ;«., istly, 25 Feb. 1608/9, ^t her 

mother's house in Austin Friars, London, Richard (Sackville), 3rd Earl 

OF Dorset, who .2'. 28 Mar., and was bur. 7 Apr. 1624, at Withyam, Sussex. 

She ;«., 2ndly, as his 2nd wife, 3 June 1630, at Chenies, Bucks, Philip 

(Herbert), Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, by whom she had no 

surv. issue, and who d. 23 Jan. i649/50.(*) As early as 1628 (in which year 

(*) In Letters and Papers Hen. Fill, vol. iv, part i, p. 92, is a letter from Richard 
Bank to Lord Darcy, dat. 5 Apr. and catalogued [? wrongly] 1524, in which the 
writer states that he has been " requested by the young Lord Clifford to be at his 
father's burial." V.G. 

(*) It is not to be argued from his being thus designated that he had peerage 
dignities of these names. See preceding p., note " b." 

1^) According to the decision of 12 Dec. 1691, whereby the Barony was allowed 
to Thomas, Earl of Thanet, her grandson and heir. 

{^) She was doubtless so named after her mother's sister, Lady Anne Russell, 
widow of Ambrose (Dudley), Earl of Warwick. Her godfather was Philip (Wharton), 
Lord Wharton, who had married her maternal aunt, Lady Frances Clifford. See 
"A true Memoriall of the Life of Lady Ann Clifford" in the York vol. of the 
Proceedings Archaol. Inst., 1 846. 

(*) "On the 18 Dec. 1634 by reason of some discontent, she left Whitehall to live 
at Baynard's Castle, in London, where and at the houses at Wilton and Ramsbury, she 
continued during the time of his [her second husband's] life." {Memoriall). 



296 



CLIFFORD 



her cousin Henry Clifford had been sum. to the House of Lords as Lord 
Clifford) she claimed the Barony of Clifford, and her petition was referred 
to the House of Lords. (") The vast family estates, however, and the 
hereditary Shrievalty of Westmorland, were, from 1605, held by her uncle, 
Francis, 4th Earl of Cumberland (the h. male of the family), and did not come 
into her possession till the death, s.p.m.s., on 1 1 Dec. 1 643, of his only s. and 
h., Henry, the 5th and last Earl, who in 1628 had been sum. v.p. as Lord 
Clifford, as above-mentioned. She d. at Brougham Castle, Westmorland, 
22 Mar., and was bur. 14 Apr. 1675/6, in the church of St. Lawrence, 
Appleby, in her 87th year.C') M.I. On her death, s.p.m.s.y the right to 
the Barony fell into abeyance between her ist da. Margaret, Countess of 
Thanet, and her granddaughter. Lady Alethea Compton,('^) only surv. 
child of her 2nd and yst. da., Isabella, Countess of Northampton, deceased.('') 

(^) On 3 Nov. 1606, her mother, Margaret, Countess of Cumberland, claimed 
the Barony of Clifford on her daughter's behalf, her petition being referred by the 
King to the Earl Marshal's Commissioners. The claim was renewed in 1628, when 
it was referred to the Lords. It is interesting to note, as J. H. Round remarks 
(Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, p. 94), that " between these two dates the system of 
dealing with such claims had changed." The same writer points out that the pro- 
ceedings "afford perhaps the earliest instance of the doctrine of 'attraction ' in peerage 
law," being 10 years earlier than the Ros case (1616), which has hitherto been 
supposed to be the first in which this question arose. With regard to this doctrine 
of "attraction" and some account of peerage titles assumed by peers, see vol. v. 
Appendix F. V.G. 

C") From 1605 to 1643 she (or her mother, the Dowager Countess, on her 
behalf) was engaged in constant law suits with the heir male. She resided at fixed 
times at each of her six castles, Skipton, Appleby, Brougham, Brough, Pendragon, 
and Bardon tower, all of which (besides several churches connected with her estates) 
she repaired. "With a Shandean exactness," says Hartley Coleridge in his 
Biographia Borealis, "she begins her memoirs of herself nine months before her 
nativity for the sake of quoting the 139th Psalm." In the "True Memorial!" she 
states that "The colour of her eyes was black like her father's, with a peak of hair on 
her forehead, and a dimple in her chin, like her father — full cheeks and round-fac'd like 
her mother, and an excellent shape of body resembling her father. . . The hair of 
her head was brown and very thick, and so long that it reached to the calf of her leggs 
when she stood upright. And when she caused these memorials of herself to be written 
she had passed the year 63 of her age; she said the perfections of her mind were much 
above those of her body; she had a strong and copious memory, a sound judgment, and 
a discerning spirit, and so much of a strong imagination in her as that at many times even 
her dreams and apprehensions beforehand prov'd true." Dr. Donne said of her that 
"she knew well how to discourse of all things from predestination to slea-silk." Her 
tutor was the poet Samuel Daniel. 

('^) Alethea, da. of James (Compton), 3rd Earl of Northampton, and the only 
child that survived infancy of his ist wife, Isabella abovenamed, was b. 14. Mar. 166 1 
(exactly 7 months before her mother's death); she m. Edward Hungerford, of Farleigh, 
Somerset (s. and h. ap. of Sir Edward Hungerford, K.B.), and d. s.p., 14 Oct. 1678. 
Admon. 22 Apr. and 19 Dec. 1681. 

{^) The Shrievalty of Westmorland, however, passed to her ist da., the said 
Countess of Thanet, for whom her 2nd s., John, appears in the official lists as deputy. 



CLIFFORD 



297 



Will (one of great interest), in which she styles herself "Countess Dowager 
of Pembroke, Dorsett and Montgomery, by birth Baroness Clifford, 
Westmorland and Vesey, High Sheriffess of co. Westmorland," dat. i May 
1674, pr. 3 Apr. 1676. 



XV. 1678. 15. Nicholas (Tufton), Earl of Thanet 

and Baron Tufton, s. and h. of John, 2nd Earl 
OF Thanet, by Margaret, ist da. and coh. of Richard (Sackville), 
3rd Earl of Dorset, by Anne, suo jure Baroness Clifford above- 
named, became on 14 Oct. 1678, by the death s.p. of his cousin 
Lady Alethea HungerfordQ (only surv. issue of Isabella, 2nd and 
yst. da. and coh. of the said Baroness Clifford), the sole represen- 
tative of his said grandmother, and was as such de jure LORD 
CLIFFORD-C) He was b. 7 Aug. 1631 aiad d. s.p., 24 Nov. 
1679. 



XVL 1679. 16. John (Tufton), Earl of Thanet, ^c. 

and, de jure. Lord ClifforDjC") br. and h. He 
was b. 7 Aug. 1638, and d. unm. 27 Apr. 1680. 

XVn. 1680. 17. Richard (Tufton), Earl OF Thanet, i^c, 

and de jure Lord ClifforDjC") br. and h. He 
was b. 30 May 1640, and d. unm. 8 Mar. 1684. 

XVin. 1684 18. Thomas (Tufton), Earl of Thanet, iffc, 

to and de jure Lord Clifford,('') br. and h. He 

1729. was b. 30 Aug. 1644. The House of Lords, on 

12 Dec. 1 69 1, resolved that he was "the right 

heir to Robert de Clifford, first sum. to Pari. 29 Dec. (1299) 

28 Edw. I as Lord de Clifford, and that the said title of LORD 

DE CLIFFORD doth belong to him and his heirs."(=) He d. 

s.p.m.s.y 30 July 1729, when the Barony of Clifford for the second 

time fell into abeyance, the Earldom of Thanet, <yc., devolving on 

Sackville Tufton, his nephew and h. male.i^') 





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Mar. 1675 \i.e. 1675/6]. The office continued to be hereditary till the death of the 
last Earl of Thanet, i.e. from 1291 to 1849. ^'^^ noxs. sub the said last Earl, and note 
"d" below. V.G. 

(') See note " c " on previous page. 

('') According to the decision as to this Barony, on 12 Dec. 1691. Until that 
decision, however, none of these Earls appear to have used this title. 

("=) As to this decision, and that in the case of Clifton, seventeen years earlier, 
see vol. iv. Appendix H. 

{^) The hereditary Shrievalty of Westmorland, and most of the Clifford estates 
passed to the heir male, the 7th Earl of Thanet. J. H. Round points out that this 
hereditary shrievalty was bestowed by King John on Robert de Vipont and "his heirs," 

38 



298 



CLIFFORD 



XIX. 1734 19. Margaret, Baroness Lovel, 3rd da. and one of 

to the 5 coheirs of Thomas (Tufton), 6th Earl of Thanet, 

1775. Lord Clifford, ^c, abovenamed, by Catherine, da. and 
coh. of Henry (Cavendish), Duke of Newcastle, being, 
in right of her said father, one of the coheirs of his Barony, the abeyance 
thereof was terminated in her favour, and she was declared BARONESS 
DE CLIFFORD, by patent 3 Aug. i734.(*) She was b. 16 June 1700; 
^•i 3 J'^ly (settlement 2 July) 171 8, Thomas Coke, of Holkham, 
Norfolk, who was nom. K.B., 27 May 1725; and who was cr. Baron 
LovEL of Minster Lovel, 28 May 1728, and, on 9 May 1744, Viscount 
Coke of Holkham and Earl of Leicester. He d. s.p.s., 20 Apr. 1759, 
when his honours became extinct. See fuller account of him under that 
Earldom. His widow, the Dowager Countess of Leicester, suo jure 
Baroness de Clifford, d. s.p.s., 28 Feb. 1775, aged 74, at Holkham afsd. 
On her death the Barony, for the third time, fell into abeyance. Will pr. 
Mar. 1775. 



XX. 1776. 20. Edward Southwell, only s. and h. of Edward S., 

of Kings Weston, co. Gloucester, Principal Sec. of State 
[I.], by Catherine, sister and h. of Thomas (Watson), 3rd Earl of 
Rockingham, da. of Lewis Watson, j/jy/^d' Viscount Sondes, by Catherine, 
1st da. and coh. of Thomas (Tufton), 6th Earl of Thanet, Lord 
Clifford, fcfc., abovenamed, being, as the representative of his said 
maternal grandmother, one of the coheirs of his great-grandfather's Barony, 
the abeyance thereof was terminated (") in his favour, and he was sum. 
therein 17 Apr. 1776, by writ directed Edward Clifford, Chevalier, as LORD 
CLIFFORD, taking his seat on the 24th inst. He was b. 6, and bap. 1 7 June 
1738, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields; sue. his father 16 Mar. 1755; M.P. 
(Tory) for Bridgwater, 1761-63; for co. Gloucester 1763-76. He m., 
29 Aug. 1765, by spec, lie, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Sophia, 3rd da. of Samuel 
Campbell, of Mount Campbell, co. Leitrim. He d. at Auveny, near Nice, 
in France, i, and was bur. 24 Nov. 1777, at Henbury, co. Gloucester, 
aged 39. Will dat. 27 Sep. 1777, signed as " Clifford," pr. 12 Feb. 1778. 
His widow, who was Governess to the Princess Charlotte of Wales, d. in 
South Audley Str., Midx. 3, and was bur. 14 Aug. 1828, at Henbury, 
aged 85. C") Will dat. 6 Mar. 1824 to 3 May 1825 (in which she is styled 
" Baroness de Clifford," widow of" Edward, late Baron de Clifford "), signed 
"Sophia de Chfford," pr. 30 Oct. 1828. 



and passed from the Viponts, with their heiress, to the Cliffords, and from them, with 
their heiress, to the Tuftons, but it seems, unlike the Great Chamberlainship, to have 
been alienable [i.e. to the heir male). V.G. 

(*) See tabular pedigree on p. 300. 

C") Lady Charlotte Bury describes her as " a goodnatured commonplace person." 
V.G. 



CLIFFORD 299 

XXI. 1777 21. Edward (Southwell), Lord Clifford, but who 

to styled himself, reproducing the latinised form of the 

1832. ancient writs, Lord de Clifford, ist s. and h., b. 23 June, 

and bap. 8 July 1767, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., took his 

seat 20 Apr. I789.(') He w., 19 Feb. 1789, by spec, lie, in the parish of 

St. Anne's, Dublin, Mary Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Joseph Deane (Bourke), 

3rd Earl of Mayo [I.], Archbishop of Tuam, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir 

Richard Meade, Bart. [I.]. He d. s.p., at Brighton, 30 Sep., and was bur. 

12 Oct. 1832, at Henbury, aged 6^, when the Barony, for the fourth time, 

fell into abeyance. Will and codicil (dat. 15 July 1824 and 17 Feb. 1831) 

both signed as " Z)(f Clifford" pr. 8 Dec. 1832. His widow d. 28 May 

1845, ^^ Carlton House terrace, Midx. Will pr. June 1845. 

XXn. 1833. ^^- Sophia Russell, wife of John Russell, da. and 

(on the death of her only br., George Coussmaker, in 
1 821) sole h. of George Kein Hayward Coussmaker, Col. of the ist 
Guards, by Catherine, sister of Edward (Southwell), Lord Clifford last 
named, and ist da. of Edward, Lord Clifford (in whose favour the abeyance 
of that Barony was terminated in 1776), being, in right of her said 
maternal grandfather, one of the coheirs of that ancient Barony, the 
abeyance thereof was terminated in her favour, and she was declared 
BARONESS DE CLIFFORD by letters patent, dat. 4 Mar. i833.(*) 
She was b. 4, and bap. 30 Nov. 1 791, at St. Marylebone. She ;«., 21 Aug. 
1822, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., John Russell, Commander R.N. (s. of Lord 
William Russell, a br. of John, 6th Duke of Bedford), who was b. 
10 July 1796, and d. 27 Apr. 1835, ^^ Kirkby Mallory, co. Leicester. 
She d. 3 Jan. 1874, in her 83rd year, at 14 Lewes Crescent, Brighton. 
Will pr. 12 Feb. 1874, under ;^ 100,000. 

XXIII. 1874. 23. Edward Southwell (Russell), Lord de Clif- 

ford, only s. and h., b. 1^0 Apr., and bap. 2 7 May 1 8 24, at 
Ratley, co. Warwick; ed. at Trin. Coll. Cambridge; M.P. (Liberal) for 
Tavistock, 1847-52. He ;«., 31 Mar. 1853, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Harriet 
Agnes, 1st da. of Adm. Sir Charles Elliot, K.C.B., by Clara, da. of Robert 
Harley Windsor. He d. 6 Aug. 1877, at Kirkby Mallory afsd., aged 53. 
Will pr. 27 Sep. 1877, under ^90,000. His widow d. 17 Feb. 1896, at 
Twycross, near Atherstone. 

XXIV. 1877. 24. Edward Southwell (Russell), Lord de Clif- 

ford,(') 1st s. and h., b. 5 Apr. 1855, at 3 Carlton 

(*) He voted with the Tories against Cath. emancipation, and with the Whigs 
against the prosecution of Queen Caroline, and for the Reform Bill. V.G. 

('') See pedigree on next page. 

(=) The descent of the Barony is through the respective families of (i) Russell, 
(2) Coussmaker, (3) Southwell, (4) Watson, (5) Tufton, (6) Sackville, and (7) 
CliflFord. 



300 



CLIFFORD 



Pedigree shewing the coheirship to the Barony of Chfford, at the three 
several dates (1734, 1776, and 1833) on which the abeyance thereof was 
terminated. 

Thomas (Tufton), Earl of Thanet, Lord Clifford, whose right to that Barony (through his 
maternal grandmother, Lady Anne Clifford) was allowed, 1691, as the lineal and sole heir of 
Robert de Clifford, sum. to Pari, in 1299. He d. s.p.m.s., 1729, when the Barony fell into 
abeyance between his five daughters. __ 

I fl TJ I 4 and [3] n 

Ann, m. Margaret, Baroness Mary, ot., istly. An- Isabella, »?., istly, 

I 709, James de Clifford, in thony Grey, j/y/i?!^ Lord Nassau 

(Cecil), 5th whose favour the Earl of Harold, who Paulett. She m.. 



Catherine, 

m. 1708, 

Edward 

Watson, 

stfled 

Viscount 

Sondes. 

Shea'.Mar. 

'734- 



Earl of Salis- 
bury, who 
d. 1728. 
She d. Apr. 
'75^ 

I 



abeyance was ter- 
minated in Aug. 
1734. Shew. 1718, 
Thomas (Coke), 
Earl of Leicester. 
She(/. !.p., \1-Ji. 



d. s.J>., 1723. She»;., 
2ndly (as 3rd wife), 
John (Leveson- 
Gower), 1st Earl 
Gower, and d. Feb. 
1785. 



2ndly, Sir Francis 
Blake Delaval, 
K.B., who d. s.p., 
1771. She d. 10 
Jan. 1764.. 



n 

Lewis (Wat- 
son), 2nd 
Earl of Rock- 
ingham, s. 
and h., d. 
s.p., 1745. 



! 

Catherine, sister and coh. 
of Lewis and Thomas, 
2nd and 3rd Earls of 
Rockingham, m. 1729, 
Edward Southwell, and 
d. Apr. 1765. 



r[>] 

Edward (Southwell), Lord Clifford, 
in whose favour the abeyance was 
terminated in 1776. He d. iTJJ. 

, X 



James 
(Cecil), 
6th Earl 
of Salis- 
bury, d. 
1780. 

T 

^> 

[Earls and 
Marquesses 
of Salisbury. "l 



J 



[Leveson- 
Gcwer, of 
Bill Hill, 
Berks.'] 



Isabella(Paulett),onIy 
da. and h., m. 1765, 
John James (Perce- 
val), 3rd Earl of Eg- 
mont [L], who d. 
1822. She d. 1821. 



i. 



{Earls of Egmont \l.\ 
1822-41.] 



Edward 
(Southwell), 
Lord Clif- 
ford. He d. 
/./., Sep. 1832. 



T 

Catherine, b. 1 768, /n. 
1 790, George Kein 
Hayward Couss- 
maker. Both d. 1801, 
at Martinique. 



I. 

Sophia, m. (as ist wife) 

1790, John Thomas 
Townshend, afterwards 
(1800) 2nd Viscount 
Sydney. She d. 1795. 



I 

Sophia, only surv. 
da. and h.. Baro- 
ness DE Clifford, 
in whose favour the 
abeyance was ter- 
minated in 1833. 
She m. 1822, John 
Russell, and (/. 1 8 74. 

[Lords de Clifford.] f) 



I II'' 
Sophia Mary, 
coh. of her 
mother,^. 1833 
(as 2nd wife), 
Hon. Peregrine 
Francis Cust, 
and d. s.p., 
1852. 



I lib 

Mary Elizabeth, m., 
istly, 1825, G. J. 
Cholmondeley. She 
m., 2ndly, Feb. 1832 
(as his 2nd wife), 
Charles (Marsham), 
2ndEarl of Romney. 
She d. 1847. 

% 



(III- 

Augustus Fre- 
derick Keppel, 
styled (\n 1833) 
Viscount Bury; 
afterwards, 1 849, 
Earl of Albe- 
marle. He (/././., 
1851. 



Elizabeth, m. i 792, 
William Charles 
(Keppel), 4th Earl 
of Albemarle, who d. 
1 849. She <«'. 1 8 1 7. 

T 



George 
Thomas 
(Keppel), 
6th Earl 
of Albe- 
marle, b. 
1799. 



I 



(^) See note " c " on previous page. 

Note. — The figures 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 represent the 5 coheirs in {y^ug.) 1734; the figures [i], 
[2], [3], and [4], the 4 coheirs in 1776, and the figures I, 11% and II*", and III, the repre- 
sentatives of the three sisters, whose issue became the coheirs, in 1833. 



CLIFFORD 301 

House terrace.('') He w., 16 Apr. 1879, at Easthampstead, Berks, Hilda, 
3rd da. of Charles Balfour, of Bracknell, Berks. He d. 6 Apr. 1894, at 
San Remo, and was bur. in the Cancade Cemetery at Nice, aged 39. Will 
pr. at ;^3,6i6. His widow d. 7 Feb. 1895, in London. Admon. ;^2,890. 

XXV. 1894. 25. Jack Southwell (Russell), Lord de Clifford 

[1299], C") only s. and h., b. 2 July 1884. He »/., 
16 Feb. 1906, at the registry office at Paris, and at the English Church, 
Rue d'Aguesseau, Evelyn Victoria Anne, an actress, C^) then aged 19, da. of 
Walter Robert Chandler, of Dalgan Park, Shrule, Tuam, sometime an 
orderly room clerk to Col. Fred. Burnaby.('') He was killed in a motor 
accident, at Small Dole, Bramber, Sussex, i, and was bur. 6 Sep. 1909, at 
Cowfold in that co., aged 25. Will pr. over ;^ 14,000, besides settled estates 
in Ireland worth ;^ioo,ooo. His widow was living 1912. 

[Edward Southwell Russell, only s. and h., b. 31 Jan. 1907. 
Having j«c. to the Barony after 22 Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the 
scope of this work.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, appear to have consisted only of 
Irish property, viz. 11,954 acres in co. Mayo, and 1,046 in co. Galway. 
Total 13,000 acres, worth Cs^d^i a year. Principal Residence. — Kirkby 
Mallory, near Hinckley, co. Leicester. King's Weston, co. Gloucester, 
was the family seat in the 1 8th century. 

CLIFFORD and CLIFFORD OF LANESBOROUGH 

BARONY BY i. Henry Clifford, s. and h. ap. of Francis, 4th 

WRIT. Earl of Cumberland, was sum. to the House of Lords, 

, ,^„ v.p., from 17 Feb. 1627/8 to 3 Nov. 1640, by writs 

directed Henrico Clifford, Chevalier, on the erroneous 
assumption that the ancient Barony of Cliiford (held to 
have been cr. by the writ of 1299) was vested in his father.(°) He was 

(^) He was a Liberal till 1886, and thereafter a Liberal Unionist. V.G. 

C") For a list of the only recognised Parliaments (down to 1500) which furnish 
a date of origin for Baronies by Writ now (191 2) existing, see vol. vi, Appendix G. 
V.G. 

{^) Her stage name was Eva Carrington. She first appeared in Seymour Hicks's 
company at the age of 13, and afterwards as a " Gibson Girl " at the Vaudeville, ^c. 
For a list of peers who have m. actresses, singers, and dancers, see Appendix C in the 
last vol. V.G. 

{^) He is also said to have been a servant at Walsingham House, Piccadilly. 
V.G. 

(^) The right to this Barony which had been vested in his uncle, George, the 
3rd Earl of Cumberland, had passed on that Earl's death, s.p.m.s., in 1605, to Anne, 
the da. and h. general, the Earldom passing to Francis, br. and h. male, of the deceased. 



302 



CLIFFORD 



accordingly placed in several parls. in the precedence of 1 299,0 though 
the writ of sum. in effect originated a new barony of Clifford. On 28 Jan. 
1 641 he sue. his father as Earl of Cumberland. See fuller particulars 
under that title. He d. s.p.m.s., 1 1 Dec. 1643, aged 55, when the Earldom 
became extinct, but the Barony, thus cr. by writ, devolved as under: — 

II. 1643. 2. Elizabeth {de mre) suo jure. Baroness 

Clifford (who, however, never claimed that title), 

BARONY. da. and h. She was b. at Skipton Castle, co. York, 

18 Sep., and bap. 7 Oct. 16 13, in the parish 

I. 1644. church there. She m. there, 3 July 1634, Richard 

Boyle, then styled Viscount Dungarvan, who, 
afterwards, in Sep. 1643, sue. his father as Earl of Cork, iffc. [I.]. 
On 4 Nov. 1644 he was cr. BARON CLIFFORD OF LANES- 
BOROUGH, CO. York,^) and on 20 Mar. 1663/4, EARL OF 
BURLINGTON. He ^. 15 Jan. 1697/8. See fuller particulars 
under that Earldom. His wife, the suo jure Baroness, d. 6 Jan. 
1690/1. Will pr. Mar. 1691. 

II. 1689. 



2 and 3. Charles (Boyle), Viscount Dun- 
garvan [I.] and Baron Clifford of Lanes- 
III. 1691. borough, 2nd, but ist surv. s. and h. ap. of his 

father, in whose Irish Viscountcy, 28 Jan. 1662/3, 
and in whose English Bai-ony, 16 July 1689, he had been sum., 
v.p., to the respective House of Lords in both those Kingdoms.C') 
On his mother's death, in 1 691, he became, as her s. and h., de jure. 
Lord Clifford [1628]. He d. v.p., 12 Oct. 1694. 



IV. 

and 
III. 



1694. 



4 and 3. Charles (Boyle), Viscount Dungar- 
van [I.], Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, 
and de jure. Lord Clifford [1628], s. and h., 
was, on 20 Nov. 1694,^) sum. to Pari, as Lord 
Clifford of Lanesborough [1644]. On 15 Jan. J 



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o' 



w r 

^ 3 

O 

z 



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(J 

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o 



(') See an account of precedency (wrongfully) allowed to this and other Baronies 
cr. by writs issued by inadvertence, in vol. i, Appendix D. For a list of eldest sons of 
peers sum. v.p., to the House of Lords in one of their fathers' baronies, see vol. i. 
Appendix G. 

C') As to the only record of this creation, see vol. ii, p. 454, note " b." 

(') There is only one other instance of an eldest son of a Peer being summoned 
v.p, to the House of Lords in the two respective Kingdoms of England and Ireland, 
viz. that of the eldest son of the 1st Duke of Ormonde, and that case differs from 
this in that, so far as England was concerned, the h. ap. was not summoned in one of 
liis father's peerages, though doubtless he was intended to have been. Such summonses 
in Ireland were rare, being only nine in all. See list thereof in vol. i, p. 2, note " c "; 
see also vol. i, Appendix G. 

(<') "A debate arising whether Charles, Lord Clifford, s. and h. of Charles, late 
Lord Clifford of Launsburg, deed., who was called by writ to Pari, in the lifetime of 



CLIFFORD 

1697/8, he sue. his grandfather abovenamed as Earl of Burlington, 
and also as Earl of Cork [I.]. He d. 9 Feb. 1703/4. 



303 



V. 

and 
IV. 



1704 
to 

1753- 



5 and 4. Richard (Boyle), Earl of Burling- 
ton, Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, and de 
jure. Lord Clifford [1628], also Earl of Cork., 
&c. [I.], only s. and h., b. 25 Apr. 1694. On 
25 May 1737, his claim to the Barony of Clifford, 
cr. by the writ (issued in error) of 1 7 Feb. 1 627/8, was allowed to him 
as h. to his great-grandmother, the Countess of Burlington, da. and 
sole h. of Henry Clifford (afterwards Earl of Cumberland), who, in 
1628, was sum. as Lord Clifford. He d. s.p.m., 3 Dec. 1753, when 
his Irish dignities devolved on his cousin and h. male (see " Cork," 
Earldom of [I.], cr. 1620), while the Earldom of Burlington [1664], 
and the Barony of Clifford of Lanesborough [1644], became extinct, 
but the Barony of Clifford [1628] devolved as under: — 



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3 5. 



BARONY BY 
WRIT. 



VL 1753- 



6. Charlotte Elizabeth {styled Marchioness ' 
OF Hartington), suo jure Baroness Clifford, 
only surv. da. and h., b. I'j Oct. 1731. She ;«., 
27 Mar. 1748, William Cavendish, j/y/i?d' Mar- 
quess of Hartington, who, in 1751, was sum. to 
Pari. v.p. as Baron Cavendish of Hardwick., and who, in 
1755, after her death, became Duke of Devonshire, and d. 2 Oct. 
1764. She d. 24 Dec. 1754. 

VII. 1754. 7- William (Cavendish), Lord Clifford, s. 

and h., afterwards (1755) i/j^^ Marquess of Har- 
tington, who, on 2 Oct. 1764, sue. his father as Duke of Devon- 
shire. He, who was b. 14 Dec. 1748, ^.29 July 181 1. 

VIII. 1811. 8. William Spencer (Cavendish), Duke of 

to Devonshire, Marquess of Hartington, Earl of 

1858. Devonshire, Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, 

and Lord Clifford, s. and h., b. 21 May 1790; 

d. unm., 18 Jan. 1858, when, his other honours descending to his 

cousin and ht\r male, the Barony of Clifford (1628) fell into abeyance, 

between his two sisters. C) 

his Father, the present Earl of Burlington, hath right to sit in Pari.," the House " was 
of opinion that the said Charles, now [1694] Lord Clifford, hath a right to a writ of 
summons to Pari.," though on the abstract question which had previously been put 
to them of a similar case, their answer was that they " find no precedent." See Cruise, 
p. 224. 

(*) These were (i) Georgiana Dorothy, Dowager Countess of Carlisle, who ^. 
8 Aug. 1858, aged 75, leaving issue; and (2) Henrietta Elizabeth, Dowager Countess 
Granville, who d. 25 Nov. 1862, aged 77, leaving issue. 



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304 CLIFFORD 

CLIFFORD OF LANESBOROUGH 

/.f., " Clifford of Lanesborough, co. York," Barony {Boyle), cr. 
1644; extinct i']S3- See under (previous article) "Clifford," Barony, 
cr. 1628. 

CLIFFORD OF CHUDLEIGHC) 

BARONY. I. Thomas Clifford,s. of Col.Hugh C, of Ugbrooke, 

in Chudleigh, Devon, by Mary, da. of Sir George Chud- 

I. 1672. LEiGHjBart.jOf Ashton, in thatco.jWasiS'. i,and^rt/>. 12 Aug. 

1630, at Ugbrooke; matric. at Oxford (Exeter Coll.), 

21 May 1647, B.A. 1650; Barrister of the Middle Temple; M.P. for 
Totnes 1660-72; distinguished himself in several naval actions, and was 
knighted; Comptroller of the Household, Nov. 1666-68; P. C. 5 Dec. 1666; 
one of the Commissioners of the Treasury, 1 667-72 ; Treasurer of the House- 
hold, 1668-72. When the Dutch war was ended in 1669, ^^j ^^ ^ zealous 
promoter of the French interest, intrigued against the treaty, becoming one 
of the 5 Counsellors who formed the " Cabal^i^) The treaty of Dover, 
in June 1670, was mainly his work-C^) He is said to have advised the 
King to supply himself with money by stopping for a year all payments out 
of the Exchequer. In reward, doubtless, for this suggestion he was, on 

22 Apr. 1672, cr. BARON CLIFFORD OF CHUDLEIGH, Devon. 
Lord High Treasurer from 28 Nov. 1672 to June 1673, C^) when 
(having already declared himself a Roman Catholic) the test act having 
passed (against which he had made a most violent and injudicious speech), 
he felt bound to resign.(^) He m. Elizabeth, da. of William Martin, 
of Lindridge, Devon, and, in 1643, ^oh. of her br., William M., of the 
same. He d. a few months after his retirement, apparently by his own 
hand, 17, and was bur. 19 Oct. 1673, in Ugbrooke Chapel, aged 43.0 Will 

(^) "At Ugbrooke House is a splendid pedigree of the Clifford family, certified 
12 May 1673, by Sir Edward Walker, Garter, Edward Bysshe, Clarencieux, and 
William Dugdale, Norroy, Kings of Arms." See MS. note in Pulman's Collections 
(" J.P." 2x8, p. 519) at the Coll. of Arms. 

(*>) See vol. i, p. 217, note " c." Hume says of him (vol. vi, p. 9, edit. 1848) 
that " his daring impetuous spirit gave him weight in the King's Councils," but of 
the five members of the Cabal, he probably was the least important. 

if) He lent himself to a discreditable shuffle, whereby he hid from his colleagues 
the object {i.e. the declaration of the Roman Catholic faith) for which certain sums 
were to be paid by the French King to Charles II. 

(^) For a list of the 7 peers who alone, since 1660, have held this great office, 
see vol. ii, Appendix D. 

(') He was able, however, to " pitch " on Viscount Osborne [S.], afterwards 
Duke of Leeds, for a successor, who doubtless paid liberally for being thus "pitched' 
into so high an office. See Burnet, as quoted in Collins, vol. vi, pp. 127-8. 

" Appears a very fine gentleman and much set by at Court for his activity 
in going to sea, and stoutness everywhere and stirring up and down." (Pepys, 



CLIFFORD 305 

dat. 7 Oct., pr. 25 Nov. 1673, by the widow and executrix. She d. 21, and 
was bur. 28 Sep. 1709, at Ugbrooke. M.I. 

II. 1673. Hugh (Clifford), Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, 

5th but 1st surv. s. and h.,(*) bap. 21 Dec. 1663, at 
Ugbrooke; ed. at Winchester 1678-79. He w., in or before 1685, Anne, 
da. and coh. of Sir Thomas Preston, Bart., of Furness, co. Lancaster, by- 
Mary, da. of Caryll (Molyneux), 3rd Viscount Molyneux [I.]. He d. 
1 2 Oct. 1 730, at Canninsjton, Somerset, and was bur. there, aged (id. Will dat. 
18 Oct. 1726, pr. 24 May 1731, and enrolled on the Close Roll. His widow 
d. 5, and was bur. 10 July 1734, at Ugbrooke, aged 67. Will dat. 13 Sep. 
1733, pr. 10 Sep. 1734, and enrolled as above. 

III. 1730. 3. Hugh (Clifford), Baron Clifford of Chud- 

leigh, 7th but 1st surv. s. and h. male,('') b. 14 Apr. 
1700. He w., against his parents' wish (settl. dat. 14 Oct. 1725), Eliza- 
beth, da. and coh. of Edward Blount, of Blagdon, Devon, by Arabella, da. 
of Sir John Guise, Bart. He d. 26 Mar. 1732, at Ugbrooke, and was bur. 
there, aged 31. Will dat. 12 July 1731, pr. 26 Feb. 1732/3. His widow 
d. Nov. 1778, at Paris. 

IV. 1732. 4. Hugh (Clifford), Baron Clifford of Chud- 

leigh, 1st s. and h., b. 29 Sep. 1726. He »;., 17 Dec. 
1749, in London, Anne, sister and coh. of George (Lee), 3rd Earl of 
Lichfield, 5th da. of George Henry, the 2nd Earl, by Frances, da. of Sir 
John Hales, Bart. He d. i Sep. 1783, at Ugbrooke, and was bur. there, 
aged nearly 57. M.I. Will dat. 18 June, pr. 31 Oct. 1783.0 His 
widow d. 9 Dec. 1802, at Altona, aged 7i.('^) Will pr. Apr. 1803. 

V. 1783. 5. Hugh Edward Henry (Clifford), Baron 

Clifford of Chudleigh, ist s. and h., b. and bap. 
2 July 1756. He »;., 2 May 1780, at Bath, ApoUonia, yst. da. and coh. 

17 Sep. 1666). "A daring person but by no means fit for a supple and flattering 
courtier." {Diary of John Evelyn, 27 Nov. 1666). "A valiant uncorrupt gentleman, 
ambitious not covetous; generous, passionate, a most constant sincere friend." Idem, 

18 Aug. 1673; where also the current story is given that " he strangled himself with 
his cravatt upon the bed-tester." V.G. 

(*) His next elder br., George, who is erroneously stated by Collins, and also in 
Diet. Nat. Biog., to have been the 2nd Lord, d. v.i>. and s.p., before 12 May 1673, 
when the pedigree was entered at the College of Arms. There were three sons b. before 
this George, the two elder being named Thomas, and the yst. Robert, of these the last, 
b. 3 and bap. 18 Oct. 1652, matric. at Oxford (Queen's Coll.) 10 Nov. 1668, aged 
15; d. unm. at Florence, 29 Mar., and v/2i%hur. 28 July 1671, at Ugbrooke. 

(*") His elder br., Thomas Clifford, b. 1687, m. Charlotte, suo jure, Countess of 
Newburgh [S.], and d. v.p. and s.p.m. 17 18, leaving a da. his (but not her mother's) 
heir, the ancestress of those Earls of Newburgh [S.] who have existed since 18 14. 

(f) He rebuilt the house at Ugbrooke in 1760. 

C^) She was a boarder at the Blue Nuns' School at Paris, in 1740. 

39 



3o6 



CLIFFORD 



of Marmaduke (Langdale), 5th Baron Langdale of Holme, by Con- 
stantia, da. of Sir John Smythe, 3rd Bart., of Eshe. He d. s.p.^ 15 Jan. 
1793, at Munich,(^) and was bur. at the chapel of the Jesuits' College 
there, aged 36. M.I. Will, as " Hugh, Lord Clifford," signed "Clifford," 
made at Rome 13 June 1792, pr. (from a copy) 16 July 1802. His widow 
d. 3 1 Dec. 1 8 1 5, aged 60, and was bur. at Hazlewood, near Leeds. Admon. 
Jan. 18 16. 

VL 1793. 6. Charles (Clifford), Baron Clifford of Chud- 

LEiGH, next br. and h., b. 28 Nov. 1759, in Jermyn Str., 
Midx. Ed. at the colleges of Douay, St. Omer, Bruges, and Liege. 
F.S.A. 27 Feb. 1794. He m. (settl. 28 Nov.), 29 Nov." i786,('') at her 
father's house, St. Geo., Han. Sq., Eleanor Mary, 2nd da. and coh. of 
Henry (Arundell), 8th Baron Arundell of Wardour, by Maria 
Christina, only da. and h. of Benedict Conquest, of Irnham Hall, 
CO. Lincoln. (') He d. 29 Apr. 1831, aged 71, at Ugbrooke Park. 
Will pr. Sep. 1831. His widow, who was b. 20 Mar. 1766, at Wardour 
Castle, W^ilts, d. 24 Nov. 1835, at Spetisbury Convent, Dorset, aged 69, 
and was bur. at Ugbrooke. Will pr. May 1836. 

VIL 1 83 1. 7. Hugh Charles (Clifford), Baron Clifford of 

Chudleigh, 1st s. and h., b. 29 May 1790, at New Park, 
Somerset; ed. at the Roman Catholic College of Stony hurst, co. Lancaster. 
Took his seat in the House of Lords, i83i.(^) He m., i Sep. 18 18, at 
Paris, and again Jan. 18 19, at Ugbrooke, his 2nd cousin, Mary Lucy, only 
da. and h. of Thomas Weld,(^) of Lulworth Castle, Dorset, by Lucy, da. 
of the Hon. Thomas Clifford, yr. s. of Hugh, Baron Clifford of 
Chudleigh abovenamed. She, who was b. 31 Jan. 1799, at Upway, 
Dorset, 1^. 15 May 1831, in her 32nd year, near Rome. He d. of a 
wound in the ankle, at Rome, where he had long been resident, 28 Feb., 

(*) " His long residence abroad, and the adherence of the family to the Catholic 
persuasion, whereby they are kept from Pari., have prevented their being much known, 
but [adds naively the Annual Register for 1 793] their estates are ample." 

■ (*") "A very pleasing young man of a most unexceptionable character. . . . Miss 
Arundell is tall and pretty, but has that same gawky stoop that she had when she was 
a girl." (Lady Jerningham, 23 Mar. 1786). V.G. 

("') In consequence of this match with the coh. of a man who was a Count of 
the Holy Roman Empire, the Lords Clifford have claimed, since 24 Nov. 1835, to 
enjoy that honour, but there can be little doubt that though the afsd. coh. was herself 
entitled to, she was incapable of transmitting, it. See note sub John, Duke of Marl- 
borough [1702]. V.G. 

{^) He was the first of his line who, since the disabling act of 1 678, had done 
so. He was a Liberal and voted for the Repeal of the Corn Laws. V.G. 

(') He was s. and h. of Thomas Weld, the founder of the Jesuits' College at 
Stony hurst, co. Lancaster. He sue. his father in 18 10, and having lost his wife in 
1815, became a Priest, a Bishop, and finally, 1 830, a Cardinal in the Rom. Catholic 
Church, being the first Englishman who attained that honour since Cardinal 
Howard in the time of Clement X (1675). He ei. s.p.m., 10 Apr. 1837, aged 64. 



CLIFFORD 307 

and was bur. there 2 Mar. 1858, aged 67. Will pr. 17 July 1S58, under 
;^50,ooo; re-sworn July 1859, under ;^ 60,000. 

VIII. 1858. 8. Charles Hugh (Clifford), Baron Clifford of 

Chudleigh, 1st s. and h., b. 27 July 18 19, in London. 
A Liberal in politics. He ;«., 30 Sep. 1845, at Tliorndon Hall, Essex, 
Agnes Catherine Louisa, yst. da. of William Henry Francis (Petre), nth 
Baron Petre of Writtle, by his 2nd wife, Emma Agnes, da. of Henry 
Howard, of Corby Castle, Cumberland. He d.^ after a long illness, 
5 Aug. 1880, at Ugbrooke Park, aged 61. Will pr. 14 Sep. 1880, under 
/ii8o,coo. His widow, who was ^.29 Jan. 1826, in Grosvenor Sq., d. 
25 May 1 89 1, after a brief illness, at 69 Onslow Gardens, and was bur: at 
Ugbrooke, aged 65. 

IX. 1880. 9. Lewis Henry Hugh (Clifford), Baron Clifford 

OF Chudleigh, ist s. and h., b. 24 Aug. 1851, at Villa 
del Cinque, Albano, near Rome; ed. at Stonyhurst College abovenamed, and 
at London Univ., B.A. 1872; Barrister (Inner Temple), 1882. Volunteer 
A.D.C. to the King 1901. A Liberal till 1886, and thereafter a Liberal 
Unionist. He »/., 23 Jan. 1890, at the Oratory, Brompton, Mabel Anne, 
yst. da. of John Towneley, of Towneley, co. Lancaster, by Lucy Ellen, da. 
of Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne, 8th Bart. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 4,416 acres in Devon, 
1,562 in CO. Warwick, 896 in Somerset, 858 in Bucks, and 128 in Corn- 
wall. Total 7,860 acres, worth ;/^9,i09 a year. Principal Residence. — 
Ugbrooke Park, near Chudleigh, Devon. 

CLIFTON 

BARONY BY i. John de Clifton, of Buckenham Castle, Norfolk, 

WRIT. s. and h. of Constantine C, by Catherine, da. of Sir 

William de la Pole, which Constantine was s. and h. ap. 
I. 1376. of Adam de Clifton,(^) of Buckenham Castle afsd., and 

other large estates (inherited through the families of 
Cailly and Tateshale), having previously sue. his said grandfather, was 
found h. to Margaret de Cailly in (1368) 42 Edw. Ill, being then aged 
15 years. He had livery of his lands 27 Oct. 1374. He was sum. to 

(*) This Adam was s. and h. of another Adam de C. (who d. 1366/7), s. and h. 
of Roger de Clifton (writ for whose Inq. p. m. is dat. 24 June 4 Edw. Ill), by Margery, 
sister and h. of Thomas [Lord] de Cailly, which Margery and Thomas were children 
of Adam de Cailly, by Emma, his 2nd wife, da. (whose issue became h.) of Robert 
de Tateshale, of Buckenham abovenamed. There is a well worked pedigree of the 
owners of Buckenham Castle in Barrett's History of AttUborough. J. H. Round has dealt 
in his work The King s Serjeants (pp. I49sqq.), with the claim to the office of Chief Butler 
as appurtenant to Buckenham, which was the. caput of the Norfolk fief of the d'Aubigny 
Earls of Arundel, of whom the Tateshales were the eldest coheirs. G.E.C. and V.G. 



3o8 



CLIFTON 



Pari, from i Dec. (1376) 50 Edw. Ill to 28 July (1388) 12 Ric. II, by writs 
directed Johanni de Clyfton, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
CLIFTON. (") He m. Elizabeth, da. (whose issue became, in 1497, coh.) 
of Ralph (Cromwell), Lord Cromwell, by Maud, da. (whose issue 
became h.) of John Bernak, of Tattershall, co. Lincoln. He d. in Rhodes, 
10 Aug. 1388. His widow m. Sir Edward Bensted, and d. (1393-94) 
17 Ric. II. 

II. 1388 2. CONSTANTINE (dE ClIFTOn), LoRD ClIFTON, S. 

to and h., aged 16 years at his father's death; had livery of 

1395. his lands in 1393. He was sum. to Pari, from 13 Nov. 1393 

to 20 Nov. 1394. He w., after Feb. 1389/90, Margaret, 
da. of Sir John Howard, of Wigenhall, Norfolk, by his ist wife, Mar- 
garet, da. of Sir John Plaiz. He d. 1395. His widow m., before 1397, 
Sir Gilbert Talbot, who d. Feb. 1398/9. She, who had lie. to m. whom 
she would, 2 June 1399, d. 25 Mar. 1433, and was bur. at the Blackfriars, 
Norwich. 

3. Sir John Clifton, only s. and h., was one year old at his father's 
death. Neither he nor his sister and heir's descendants were ever sum. to 
Pari, nor did they ever claim any barony. His wardship and marriage 
were granted 1 3 Apr. 1399, *^° Sir Simon Felbrigge. He m., before 6 Id. Jan, 
143 1/2, when they had a Papal indult, Joan, widow of Sir Robert Eching- 
ham, da. and coh. of Edmund Thorpe, of Ashwellthorpe. He d. s.p.s.Q') 
1447, before i Dec. (when his widow was living), and was bur. at Wymond- 
ham, Norfolk. His only sister, Elizabeth, wife of Sir John Knyvett, was 
his h., being ancestress of Sir Philip Knyvett, Bart., who alienated the 
Castle of Buckenham, about 1650, and whose issue male became extinct 
on the death of his son, about 1699. 

CLIFTON (of Leighton Bromswold) (') 

BARONY BY i. Gervase Clifton, of Leighton Bromswold, co. 

WRIT. Huntingdon, s. of Sir John Clifton, of Barrington 

Court,^) Somerset, by Anne, da. of Thomas (Stanley), 
I. 1608. Lord Monteagle, matric. at Oxford (St. Alban's Hall) 

18 Mar. 1585, aged 16. He was knighted before 1597. 
M.P. for CO. Huntingdon 1597-98, and 1601. He was sum. to Pari, from 
9 July (1608) 6 Jac. I to 5 Apr. (1614) 12 Jac. I, by writs directed 
Jervasio Clifton de Laighton Brumswold Cfir, whereby he became LORD 

(') As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact cr. any peerage title, see 
Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

C") Margaret, his only da., m. Sir Andrew Ogard, and d. v.p. and s.p., being bur. 
at Wymondham. Her husband d. 1459, and was also bur. there. 

1^) The Editor is indebted to Lady Elizabeth Cust for kind assistance in the 
revision of this article. V.G. 

C^) Barrington Court, one of the most perfect examples of Tudor architecture 
extant, was purchased for the nation in 1907 by the National Trust. V.G. 



CLIFTON 309 

CLIFTON (of Leighton Bromswold).(') He m. (lie. Bp. of London, 
25 June 1 591), Katherine, da. and h. of Sir Henry Darcy,('') by his 2nd 
wifCjC^) Katherine, widow of Michael Pulteney (who d. is^l)^ da. of Sir 
John Fermor. He^.j./'.»z.5.,earlyinOct. i6i8,('')having, it is said, committed 
suicide by stabbing himself "through ennui." 

n. 161 8. 2. Katherine, suo jure,(^) Baroness Clifton (of 

Leighton Bromswold), da. and h. She /«., in 1609,0 
Esme Stuart (2nd s. of Esme, Duke of Lennox [S.]), who, on the 
death of his father, 26 May 1583, had become Lord of Aubigny, in 
France. On 7 June 1619, he was a: BARON STUART OF LEIGH- 
TON BROMSWOLD, co. Huntingdon, and EARL OF MARCH. On 
16 Feb. 1623/4, he sue. his elder br. as DUKE OF LENNOX, ^c. [S.]. 
He d. 30 July 1 624. His widow m., in or before 1 632, James (Hamilton), 
2nd Earl of Abercorn [S.], and had royal lie, 28 Nov. 1632, to retain her 
title, rank, and precedency, as Duchess of Lennox, notwithstanding such 

(*) J. H. Round, who discusses the case of this barony at considerable length 
in his Peerage and Pedigree, there (vol. i, p. 21 9) traces to its source the error of 
Colh'ns, Cruise, and Courthope, that " there was but one writ " to this Gervase. In 
Creations 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep. D.K. Pub. Records, the date of Gervase 
Clifton's first writ of sum. is given as 31 Jan. 1603/4. The compiler of the list was 
misled by the Pari. Pawn of this date, at the end of which Clifton's name was added, 
presumably on the day on which his name first appears in the daily list in Lords' 
'Journals, i.e. 9 Feb. 1609/10, for Thomas Clinton and Say and Theophilus Howard 
de Walden, who immediately precede Clifton on the Pawn, have the date 8 Feb. 
1609/10 added after their names. V.G. 

C") He was grandson of Thomas, Lord Darcy, beheaded 1538. V.G. 

(") The fact that she was the da. of his 2nd wife has been discredited because 
the date of Michael Pulteney 's death has hitherto been given as 1577 instead of 
1567, as on his tomb. Sir Henry Darcy 's 1st wife, Katherine, da. of Sir Robert 
Tyrwhitt, of Leighton Bromswold, d. v.p. and s.p., 1 567. The Leighton Bromswold 
estate seems to have been given to Sir Henry D. by Sir Robert T., whose will, pr. 
23 June 1572, appoints his son-in-law his executor, but does not mention the 
property. V.G. 

C*) " Of him," writes Dugdale, somewhat scornfully, " I have not seen anything 
farther memorable [;.^. nothing beyond the mere writ of summons] than his commitment 
to the Tower, 30 Dec. 161 7, by reason that he expressed that he was sorry he had 
not stabbed Sir Francis Bacon, then Lord Keeper, for decreeing a case in Chancery 
against him; and that, in Oct. 161 8, he murt/iered himse/f." Pym writes, in his MS. 
Journal {Hist. MSS. Com., loth Report, App., vol. vi, p. 84), apparently under date 
" 1614," that "the Lord Clyfton, having maryed his da. to the Viscount D'Aubigny, 
since Earl of March, who was at lawe with him for his landes and being put into 
[the] Fleete, did, or would have, cut his own throate." He had a son who d. soon 
after Feb. 1 60 1. See Manningham's Diary of that date, where is an account of his 
gallantly saving the boy from a bear which had broken loose at a baiting at Notting- 
ham. It was not he but his cousin Sir Gervase C, Bart., who figures as " Gervase 
the Gentle" in the well-known rhyme on the Notts gentry. G.E.C. and V.G. 

if) According to the decision of 7 Feb. 1674. 

(*) Their eldest child, Elizabeth, was ^.17 June 1610. 



:: OR 

lo n> i-j 



310 CLIFTON 

marriage. He survived her till about 1 670. She d. in Scotland, and was 
i-^r. "without ceremonie," 17 Sep. 1637, aged about 45. Will pr. 1639. 

III. 1637. 3. James(Stuart),Dukeof Lennox, iyc.[S.], 

also Earl of March, &'c.,and, de jure,{^) Lord 
Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), s. and h., by ist husband, b. 
6 Apr. 1 612. On 30 July 1624, he inherited his father's honours, 
and on the death of his mother became h. to the Barony of CHfton. 
On 8 Aug. 1 64 1, he was cr. DUKE OF RICHMOND, with a 
spec. rem. He d. 30 Mar. 1655. 

IV. 1655. 4. EsME (Stuart), Duke of Richmond, 

^c, and de jure^i^) Lord Clifton {pi Leighton 
Bromswold), only s. and h. He was h. 2 Nov. 1649, and d. unm., 
10 Aug. 1660. 

V. 1660. 5. Mary, Countess of Arran [I.], and d^ jure,(^) 

Baroness Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), only sister 
and h. She «., as his ist wife, Richard (Butler), Earl of Arran [I.], who 
had been so ^r. 13 May 1662, and who d.zc, Jan. 1685/6. S\\cd.s.p., 4 July, 
and was bur. 19 Aug. 1667, aged 18, in Kilkenny Cathedral. ('') 

VI. 1667. 6. Charles (Stuart), Duke OF Richmond, yc, and 

de J!ire,(^) Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), 
cousin and h., being s. and h. of George Stuart, Lord of Aubigny, in 
France (slain 1642), the next surv. br. to James, Duke of Richmond, i^c, 
abovenamed. He was ^ 7 Mar. 1638/9, and d. s.p.s., 12 Dec. 1672, when 
all his honours, save this Barony, became extinct. See fuller account under 
"Richmond," Dukedom of, cr. 1641; extinct 1672. 

VII. 1672. 7. Katherine, suo jure. Baroness Clifton (of 

Leighton Bromswold), only surv. sister and h., was bap. 
5 Dec. 1640, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. She m., in 1661, before 
14 Dec, Henry O'Brien, j/y/i?^/ Lord O'Brien (ist s. and h. ap. of Henry, 
7th Earl of Thomond [I.]). Her right to the Barony of Clifton of Leighton 
Bromswold was recognised by the House of Lords, 7 Feb. i673/4.('^) He 
was M.P. for co. Clare [I.] 1661; for Northampton 1670-78; P.C. [I.] 
28 Oct. 1673. -H^ '^- "^-P-i i> ^'■"^ W'ls I'ur. 9 Sep. 1678, in Westm. Abbey. 
Will dat. 6 Sep. 1672, pr. 26 Sep. 1678. She m., 2ndly, within three 
months of her husband's death, Sir Joseph Williamson, Principal 
Sec. of State, 1674-79, who d. s.p., 3, and was bur. 14 Oct. 1701, in 
Westm. Abbey. Will pr. 17 Oct. 1701. She d. s.p.m.s., 2, and was bur. 

(*) See note "e" on preceding page. 

C') An account of her grand funeral, and mention of her charming character, 
is given in State Papers [I.], Domestic, 1 668. V.G. 

(■=) Her petition to the Crown for the Barony in 1673 was referred to the 
Attorney Gen. 22 Oct., and he unhesitatingly reported in its favour 29 Oct. 1673; 
the House of Lords giving its decision in favour of the claimant 7 Feb. 1673/4. As 
to the decision in this and other cases of baronies held to be descendible to heirs female, 
see vol. iv, Appendix H. 



CLIFTON 311 

II Nov. 1702, with both her husbands, in Westm. Abbey, aged 62. Will 
signed "Ca. O'Brien" (the testatrix being described as Lady Cathenne 
O'Brien in the Probate Act), dat. 30 Oct., and pr. 13 Dec. 1702. 

VIII. 1702. 8. Katherine, suojure. Baroness Clifton (of Leigh- 

ton Bromswold), only surv. da. and h.,(^) was b. 29 Jan. 
1673. She m. "clandestinely" at Totteridge, Herts, 10 July 1688 
(lie. Vic. Gen.), Edward Hyde, stykJ Viscount Cornbury (s. and h. 
of Henry (Hyde), Earl of Clarendon), who, after her death, became Earl 
OF Clarendon, and d. 31 Mar. 1723. She d. at New York, 11 Aug. 
1706, in her 34th year, and was bur. in Trinity Church there. ('') 

IX. 1706. 9. Edward (Hyde), Lord Clifton (of Leighton 

Bromswold), styled, after 1709, Viscount Cornbury, only 
surv. s. and h., bap. 6 Oct. 1691, at St. James's, Westm. He matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 10 Oct. 1707, and, on 12 Jan. 171 2, took his seat in 
the House of Lords. He d. unm. and v. p., " of excessive drinking," 12, 
and was bur. 20 Feb. 17 12/3, in Westm. Abbey, aged 20. Will, in which 
he styles himself "Lord Viscount Cornbury and Baron Clifton," dat. 
25 May 1710, pr. 17 June 1713 and 8 Feb. 1722/3. 

X. 1713- 10. Theodosia, j«o_/«r^, Baroness Clifton (of Leigh- 

ton Bromswold), only surv. sister and h. She was b. 
9 Nov., and bap. 9 Dec. 1695, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. Having re- 
ceived from Queen Anne ^ 10,000 as "an additional fortune," she »;., 

24 Aug. 1 713, at Westm. Abbey, John Bligh, of Rathmore, co. Meath, 
who was accordingly en, on 14 Sep. 1721, BARON CLIFTON OF 
RATHMORE, co. Meath [I.]; on 7 Mar. 1722/3, VISCOUNT DARN- 
LEY OF ATHBOY, co. Meath [I.], and, on 29 June 1725, EARL OF 
DARNLEY, co. Meath [I.]. He d. at Epsom, Surrey, 12, and was bur. 

25 Sep. 1728, in Westm. Abbey, in his 41st year. She d. in Arlington 
Str., in childbed, 30 July, and was bur. 15 Aug. 1722, in Westm. Abbey, 
aged 26. Admon. as "Baroness Clifton in Great Britain [jzV] and Baroness 
Rathmore in Ireland," 8 Feb. 1722/3. 

XI. 1722. II. Edward (Bligh), Lord Clifton (of" 

Leighton Bromswold), 2nd but ist surv. s. and 
h., b. 1 7 15. On 12 Sep. 1728, he sue. his father as Earl of 
Darnley, G'c. [I.], with which Earldom this Barony became 
united. He d'. unm., 22 July 1747. 

XII. 1747. 12. John (Bligh), Earl OF Darnley, ^c, 

and Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), 
br. and h. He d. 31 July 1781. 

XIII. 1 78 1. 13. John (Bligh), Earl of Darnley, 

<yc., and Lord Clifton (of Leighton Broms- 
wold), 1st s. and h. He d. 17 Mar. 1831. 

(*) Her br., Donogh O'Brien, d. v.m., 5 May 1682 (see sub Thomond). Her 
elder sister, Mary, m. John, i8th Earl of Kildare, but d. v.m., 24 Nov. 1683, 
leaving one son, who d. 1683/4. 

(*") See inscription on her coffin plate, ante, p. 267, note " e." 





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312 CLIFTON 

XIV. 1 83 1. 14. Edward (Bligh), Earl OF Darnley, £5fc., 

and Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), 2nd, 
but 1st surv. s. and h. He d. 12 Feb. 1835. 

XV. 1835. '5- John Stuart (Bligh), Earl OF Darnley, 

fsfc, and Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), 
1st s. and h. He d. 14 Dec. 1896. 

XVL 1896. 16. Edward Henry Stuart (Bligh), Earl OF 

Darnley, i^c., and Lord Clifton (of Leighton 
Bromswold), ist s. and h. He d. s.p.m., 31 Oct. 1900, when the 
Earldom of Darnley and his other Irish honours devolved on his 
br. and h. male, Ivo, but the Barony of Clifton of Leighton Broms- 
wold devolved, according to the decision of 7 Feb. 1674, on his only 
da. and h. gen., as below. 

XVII. 1900. 17. Elizabeth Adeline Mary (Bligh), Baroness 

Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold [1608]), only child and 
h. She was ^.22 Jan. 1900. 

CLIFTON OF RATHMORE 

BARONY [I.] I. John Bligh, of Rathmore, co. Meath, having m., 

24 Aug. 1 7 13, Theodosia, suojure, Baroness Clifton (of 

1. 1 72 1. Leighton Bromswold), was, on 14 Sep. 1721, cr. BARON 

CLIFTON OF RATHMORE, co. Meath [I.]. On 

7 Mar. 1722/3, he was cr. VISCOUNT DARNLEY OF ATHBOY, co. 

Meath [1.], and, on 29 June 1725, EARL OF DARNLEY, co. Meath [I.]. 

See "Darnley," Earldom of [I.], cr. 1725. 

CLINTON(") 

BARONY BY i. John de ClintoNjC") of Amington and Maxstoke, 

WRIT. CO. Warwick, 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. of Thomas de 

C.,('^) of Amington (d. v.p., before 1264), by Maud, da. of 
I. 1299. Sir Ralph Bracebridge, of Kinsbury, co. Warwick, was b. 

probably in 1258. He served, or was called upon to serve, 

(^) The Editor is indebted to the writer of the articles in The Ancestor referred to 
below, p. 316, note " a," for numerous corrections in the earlier portion of this article, 
and particularly for a new account of the marriages of the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th 
lords, and for various additions to the pedigree as shown in the chart on p. 320. V.G. 

C') The name is said to be from the manor of Glinton, afterwards Clinton, 
Northants, near Market Deeping, but the Clintons were Oxfordshire people as early 
as 1230. In N. y Q., 7th Series, vol. viii, p. 486, it is stated that the 1st Earl of 
Lincoln "obtained a grant of this very district of Glinton," no doubt because of the 
similarity of name. Lower, in his Family Names, states it to be " from Glimpton, 
anciently written Clinton, co. Oxford." The founder of the family, Geoffrey de 
Clinton, Treasurer and Chamberlain to King Henry I, is said, by Ordericus (who, 
as a contemporary, probably can be trusted), to have been of mean parentage, though, 
according to some accounts, he was of the noblest Norman extraction. 

if) This Thomas was 1st s. of another Thomas de C, the writ for whose Inq. p. m. 



CLINTON 313 

in the Scottish and French wars. He was sum. to Pari. 6 Feb. (1298/9) 
27 Edw. !,(*) by writ directed Johantti de Clinton^ whereby he is held to 
have become LORD CLINTON. C") He was never again so sum. He 
was 2 years later (12 Mar. 1 300/1), sum. with more than a thousand others 
cum equis et annis, being then denominated as of Maxstoke. He appears 
to have been Knight of the Shire for co. Warwick 1300-0 !.('=) Constable of 
WaUingford Castle, 1308. He m., probably about 1290, Ida, sister and 
coh. of Edmund d'OniNGSELLs, ist da. of William d'OniNcsELLs, of Max- 
stoke afsd., by Ela, da. of Walter FitzRobert, of Woodham Walter, with 
whom he acquired the Lordship and Castle of Maxstoke and other con- 
siderable possessions. He d. late in 13 10. His widow accompanied the 
Queen Consort to France in (1312-13) 6 Edw. II. She, who was ^. about 
1270, was living i Mar. 132 1/2. 

II. 13 10 2, John (de Clinton), Lord Clinton, s. and h., l>. 

or probably in, or shortly before 1300. He fought, 16 Mar. 

1332. 132 1/2, ex parte Regis, at Boroughbridge.C) Knighted 

before 1324. From 27 Jan. (1331/2) 6 Edw. Ill (*) to 

I Apr. (1335) 9 Edw. Ill, he was sum. to Parl.,('') the words '■'Mortuus est" 

being added to the last writ. He ;«., before 24 Feb. 1328/9, Margery, da. 

is dat. 12 Jan. 1 277/8, and who m. Mazera, da. and h. of James de Bisey, of 
Baddesley. A yr. s. of this last named Thomas was John de C, called the elder, of 
Coleshill, CO. Warwick, who d. 131 5/6. His s. and h. ap., John, m. Alice, da. of 
Robert de Grendon, and left a s. and h., b. 1304, who d. s.p.m. in 27 Edw. III. For 
some discussion on mediaeval English names, see Appendi.x C to this volume. G.E.C. 
and V.G. 

(^) According to the ranking of the Barony in the House of Lords (" Garter's 
Roll," 1887), whereby "Clinton" is placed next under " Dacre " {cr. 1 321), and 
next above Zouche (1348?) and Botreaux (1368), the origin of the Barony of Clinton 
can only be considered as originating with the writ of 6 Edw. Ill (1332) and not 
with that of 1299. G.E.C. In the present Editor's opinion there was no more 
intention to cr. an hereditary Barony by one summons than by the other. V.G. 

(*") As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title, 
see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

(•=) It is certainly surprising to find the man sum. in 1298/9, who then became 
according to modern doctrine a peer of the realm, elected to the House of Commons 
a year or two later. Nevertheless it is difficult to suggest who else but this " noble- 
man" can have been the M.P. who in the return is described as of Maxstoke, and in 
the writ of expenses as junior. It certainly cannot have been his uncle John nor his 
cousin John (see note "c" on preceding page), who were not of Maxstoke nor his 
son John, who was under age in 9 Edw. II. V.G. 

(^) For an account of this battle see volume ii, Appendix C. 

(') The fact that his yr. br., William, should have been sum. some 16 months be- 
fore him (see poit, p. 324) and that both William and John should have been sum. at 
the same time in 1 33 1/2, thus according to modern doctrine creating two peers with- 
out any distinction in title, offers a striking commentary on the still generally received 
notion that such writs were intended to confer any title at all. V.G. 

40 



314 CLINTON 

of Sir William Corbet, of Chaddesley Corbet, co. Worcester. He d. 
about I335.(') His widow was living May 1343. 

III. 1335? 3- John (de Clinton), Lord Clinton, s. and h. On 

the death, 25 Aug. 1354, of his paternal uncle, William 
(de Clinton), Earl of Huntingdon, he was found his h., and then aged 28, 
being b. not later than Mar. 132 5/6. C') Having previously been 
knighted, he served in 1355 in the French wars, and was at the battle 
of Poitiers 1356. He was sum. to Pari, from 15 Dec. (1357) 
30 Edw. Ill to 5 Nov. (1397) 21 Ric. II. On 30 May 1377 he was 
ordered to go to his manor of f^olkestone to resist an apprehended in- 
vasion by the French. Q In 1380 he was again in the wars with France. 
Keeper of the lands of the attainted Earl of Warwick 1390, and Constable 
of Warwick Castle 1390 to Sep. 1397. He »?., istly, probably in 1350, 
Idoine,('*) da. (whose issue, in 1399, Ijecame coh.) of Geoffrey (de Say), 
Lord Say, by Maud, da. of Guy (de Beauchamp), Earl of Warwick. He 
is presumed (') to have ;»., 2ndly, ( — ). She d. before 26 June 1384.0 
He m., probably 3rdly, Joan, widow of Sir Philip Limbury, who d. 6 July 
1367. («) She d. 21 Feb. 1387/8. C") He w., probably 4thly, before 24 Oct. 
1388, when he had pardon for m. without lie, Elizabeth, widow of Robert 
(Grey), Lord Grey (of Rotherfield), and before that of Sir John (s. of Fulk) 
DE Bermingham (whom she m. before 3 July 1356, when aged 9),(') 
posthumous da. and eventually sole h. of William de la Plaunche, of 
Haversham, Bucks, by Ehzabeth, coheir of her br. Sir Roger Hillary, 
being yr. of the 2 daughters of Sir Roger Hillary, Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas, of Bescot, Staffs. He d. 6 Sep. 1398. His widow w., 4thly 

(^) His yr. br., William Clinton, sum. as Lord Clinton, 1330, was cr. Earl of 
Huntingdon, 1337, and d. (certainly) s.p.m. (probably j./>. legit), 1354, when his 
nephew, John Clinton, was his next heir as abovementioned. 

(•>) Grant by "John son and heir of Sir John de Clynton of Maxstoke, knight, 
in hh full age" dat. at Maxstoke on Wednesday after the Annunciation, 21 Edw. Ill, 
i.e. on Wednesday, 28 Mar. 1347. V.G. 

("=) Close Roll. 

{^) For some discussion on English mediaeval names see Appendix C to this 
volume. 

(*) John, 3rd Lord Clinton left at his death, besides his grandson and heir, two 
sons surviving, namely Thomas, then aged 30, and Edward, then aged 24, who are 
not likely to have been brothers of the whole blood of his ist s., William. It is accord- 
ingly conjectured that they were the sons of a 2nd wife whose name is unknown. V.G. 

(') On this day John de Clinton and Joan his wife were enfeoffed of the manor 
of Shirstoke. V.G. 

(s) Writ of diem cl. ext. 15 Sep. (1367) 41 Edw. III. V.G. 

('') Writ of diem cl. ext. 4 Mar. II Ric. 2. "Joan, late wife of John Clynton 
chivaler, ^c. The said Joan died Friday, 21 Feb. last past in the said year. Elizabeth 
wife of Thomas Trevet, chivaler, daughter of Philip Lymbery and of the said Joan 
is her next heir and is aged 28 years." V.G. 

(') %. at Enefeld [i.e. Enville], Staffi, 23 Edw, III. {ex inform. W. F. Carter). V.G. 



CLINTON 315 

(lie. 24 Dec. 1398), Sir John Russell. She d. s.p., 1423, atter i Sep., and was 
^«r. at Haversham.(') Inq. p. m. (1423-24) 2 Hen. VI. 

IV. 1398. 4. William (de Clinton), Lord Clinton, grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of Sir William de Clinton (by, as is 
said, Elizabeth, da. of William, Lord DEiNCouRT),\vho was s.and h.ap. of the 
last Lord, by his ist wife, but d. z\p., 25 Oct. 1383, leaving his said s. and h., 
then aged 5. He was sum. to Pari, from 19 Aug. (1399) 23 Ric. II to 
27 Nov. (1430) 9 Hen. Vl.^") Having, in 1399, sue- to some of the lands 
of the family of Say, in right of his grandmother abovenamed, he assumed 
the style of Lord Say, to which Barony he was a co\\dv.(f) He m., istly, 
Anne, da. of Sir Thomas Trivett, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Philip Limbury. 
He «;., 2ndlv, between 13 Aug. (when he had lie.) and Nov. 1409, Alice or 
Anne, widow of Fulk FitzWarin (who d. a minor 31 Oct. 1407), da. of 
William (Botreaux), Lord Botreaux, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John St. 
Lo. She d. 17 Oct. 1420. He ;«., 3rdly, Mary, widow of Sir Henry 
Retford, of Carlton Paynel, and of Castlethorpe, eo. Lincoln. He d. 
30 July (or 20 Aug.) 1431. His widow (who occurs as such 7 Jan. 
1431/2) w., 3rdly, Sir John Heron, of Northumberland. She d. 2 Feb. 
1458/9. 

V. 1432. 5. John (de Clinton), Lord Clinton, s. and h., h. 

141 o, aged 2 2 at his father's death. He alienated the 
castle and manor of Maxstoke. Serving in the war with France in 1441, 
he was taken prisoner and detained more than 6 years, when he was ran- 
somed for 6,000 marks. He was sum. to Pari. 4 Sep. (1450) 29 Hen. VI 
to 30 July (1460) 38 Hen. VI. C") His kinsman, Sir James Fiennes, having 
been sum. to Pari, in 1447 as Lord Say and Sele, he (Lord Clinton) being 
(together with Roger Fiennes, eldest br. of the said James) one of the coheirs 
of the Barony of Say (cr. 13 13) confirmed by deed, i Nov. 1448, to the 
said James, "the name and st)-le of Lord Say, relinquishing all interest 
therein for himself and his heirs. "C^) In 1459 he joined the Yorkist 
part}-, and was attainted in the Pari, held at Coventry, but restored in 1461 

(*) An engraving of her seal " sigill dne Elizabethe de Clinton " is in Lipscomb's 
Bucks (vol. iv, 187), and represents a shield divided into 5 parts palewise, the centre 
containing the arms of De la Plaunche, the 2 earlier husbands being on the dexter 
and the two later ones on the sinister side. 

C") There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

(') In Patent Roll 16 Feb. 1 408/9, he is called Diminus de Clynton et Say, and 
also in a grant on the Close Roll (1 4.26-2-/) 5 Hen. VI, m. isd; but in Patent Roll 
2 July (1414) 2 Hen. V, he is called "William Clynton Knt. otherwise William 
Lord of Clynton." His grandmother was the eldest of the three daughters (whose 
issue became such coheirs), and this seniority was at that time considered by many, 
as actually entitlins such coheir to the Barony. See also note " b " on following page. 
G.E.C. and V.G.^ 

("^) This attempt to bar the right of peerage would doubtless now be futile. The 
grant too is remarkable, as being made to one who was not himself (though his brother 
was) even a coh. of the dignity in question. G.E.C. In spite of this deed, the 



3i6 



CLINTON 



by the new King, in whose reign he fought in France and Scotland. He m., 
istly, ( — ). He m., 2ndly, Margaret, da. of John St. Leger, of Ulcombe, 
Kent, by Margaret, da. and h. of James Donet, of Sileham in Rainham, in 
that CO. He rf". 24 Sep. 1464. His widow »?., 2ndly, Walter Hungerford, 
and, 3rdly, Sir John Heveningham. She J. i Feb. 1495/6. (*) 

VI. 1464. 6. John (Clinton or possibly Fiennes), Lord 

Clinton, s. and h., aged 30 and more at his father's 
death, was never sum. to Pari. In spite of his father's renunciation of the 
title of Lord Say for himself and his heirs, he appears to have been recognised 
as "Lord Clinton and Say.''^") He m., istly, Elizabeth, da. of Richard 
(Fiennes), Lord Dacre, by Joan, suo jure Baroness Dacre. He w., 2ndly, 
Anne,(') said to be da. of Sir Humphrey Stafford. He d. 29 Feb. 1487/8, 
and was bur. at the Grey Friars, London. His widow w., shortly after 4 Aug. 
1488 (date of agreement), Richard WiLLOuGHBY,of the WoUaton family. She 
was living circa 1508, and then apparently the wife of Thomas Willicote.(^) 

VIL 1488. 7. John (Clinton otherwise Fiennes), Lord Clinton, 

s. and h., aged 17 at his father's death, was of Amington, 
CO. Warwick. K.B. 14 Nov. 1501. He was not sum. to Pari, until 
23 Nov. (i 514) 6 Hen. VIII, by writ directed .... Clynton de Clynton cKr.(^') 
He is said to have w., istly, Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Morgan, sometimes 

Clintons " continued to use the title, and when Edward, Lord Clinton (who had taken 
his seat as Lord Sa\ [/Vnyj de Clinton et Sai\ in 1536 and had been then ranked, 
avowedl}-, as Lord Say) was created Earl of Lincoln (4 May 1572), the heralds pro- 
claimed his st3'le as 'Sir Edward Fynes Conte de Lincoln, Seigneur Clinton tt Say.' 
His grandson was returned as member for Grimsby, in his father's lifetime (1601-04) 
as Lord Clinton and Saye, and was called up to the House of Lords [y-p-] in 1610 
as 'Thomas Clynton de Say.'" (J. H. Round, Peerage Studies, p. 455). For some 
remarks on the assumption of peerage titles by peers, see vol. v, Appendix F, and for 
the surrender of peerages see Appendix A to this volume. V.G. 

(*) See, as to these facts, articles entitled "Cases from the Early Chancery 
Proceedings" in The Ancestor, vol. viii, p. 167, and "The Clinton Family," Idem, 
vol. X, p. 32. V.G. 

C") There is a general pardon {Patent Roll), 9 Aug. 147 1, to "John Clynton of 
the town of Calais, lord de Clynton and Say alias lord de Clynton of Folkeston, co. 
Kent." He is so called in Patent Roll 3 Hen. VIII, part 3, m. 5, and in Early Chan- 
cery Proceedings, Bundle 195, no. 25; his widow, in the agreement for her re- 
marriage being also called "Lady Clynton and Say." [Hist. MSS. Com., Lord 
Middleton's MSS., p. 121). Indeed "Clinton and Say " appears to have been the style 
and title of these lords in all documents, public and private, for at least 200 years. V.G. 

(') Her husband settled lands on her, as " the Lady Anne Clynton," 6 Feb. 
1487/8, thirteen days before his death. V.G. 

(^) See Sussex Arch. Coll., vol. xvii, pp. 77, 78, and Inq. p. m. co. Warwick on 
Thomas, Lord Clinton. V.G. 

(f) The clerks of the Chancery were evidently ignorant of the Christian name of 
the Lord Clinton who was to be summoned; the writ has been attributed to the 8th 
Lord, but as it issued in the lifetime of the 7 th Lord there seems no ground for doing so. 
Not only did no Lord Clinton sit in the Pari, which met 5 Feb. 15 14/5, but, strangely 



CLIxNTON 317 

described as of Tredegar, co. Monmouth. He w., 2ndly, before 1501, 
Anne. Q He d. 4 June 1514- His widow, who apparently was not the 
mother of his heir, was living 7 Nov. iSiS-(^) 

VIII. 1515. 8. Thomas (Clinton otherwise FiENNEs), Lord Clin- 

ton, s. and h., apparently by ist wife, aged 24 at his 
father's death, was never sum. to Parl.("=) He was knighted 1513. He 
m. Joan (settl. 4 May 15 10), illegit. da. of Sir Edward Poynings, K.G. 
He d. of the sweating sickness, 7 "Aug. 1517, and was bur. the same day at 
Richmond, in his 28th year.(<') His widow, who had lie. to m. whom she 
would, 4 July 1 51 9, m. Sir Robert Wingfield, and was living as his wife 
7 Nov. iSiS-^) 

IX. 1517. 9- Ed\yard (Clinton otherwise Fiennes), ' 

Lord Clinton, only s. and h., b. 1512. He was 
sum. to Pari. 27 Apr. (1536) 28 Hen. VIII by writ(') directed 
Edzvardo Fenys de Clinton et Sc]\,(f) and later Edwardo Fettys de Clinton 
Magna Admirallo AngV . On 4 May 1572 he was cr. EARL OF 
LINCOLN. He d'. 16 Jan. 1584/5. 

X. 1585. 10. Henry (Clinton otherwise Fiennes), 

Earl of Lincoln and Lord Clinton, s. and h., 
h. 1540; K.B. 29 Sep. 1553. He d. 29 Sep. 1616. 

XI. 1 6 10. II. Thomas (Clinton otherwise Fiennes), 

Lord Clinton, or Lord Clinton de Say, s. and h. 
ap., who v.p. was sum. to the House of Lords in his father's Barony, . 

enough, no such name occurs in the daily lists, which include not only those who were 
present (marked " p "), but those who might attend as having received a summons. 
Ralph, Lord Scrope (of Masham), who had received a writ of summons for this Pari., 
is similarly ignored in the Lists in the Journals of the House. See 47th Report, D.K. 
Public Records, p. 86, which wrongly guesses " Edward " as the name of the Clinton 
so summoned, and Dugdale's Summonses. V.G. 

(*) See recovery recited in patent, 13 Nov. 1511. {Letters and Papen Henry 
VllT). V.G. 

(•>) Idem, vol. ix, pp. 307-8. V.G. 

(') See note " e " on preceding page. 

("^) Inq. p. m. at Canterbury 25 Nov. 15 1 7, at Warwick 26 Feb., and again at 
Canterbury 13 Mar. 151 7/8. V.G. 

(') "In [1557-1558] 4 and 5 Ph. and Mary, a question of precedency arose 
between this nobleman and Henry, Lord Stafford, when it was decided, 12 Feb. 
1558, that the Lords Clinton had by long continuance and great antiquity ranked 
next above the Lords Audley, and that the Lords Stafford had always ranked next 
below the Lords Talbot, and they were respectively placed accordingly. {Lords 
Journals, vol. i, p. 522). Lord Clinton was subsequently put next to Lord Bergavenny 
and became the second Baron of the realm, whilst Lord Stafford became the eleventh." 
{Cowthope). 

(') Pari. Pawn. It will be noticed that his surname as given is that borne by his 
great-great-grandmother, and that the assumption of the Barony of Say is here officially 
recognised. Owing to the fact that Dugdale's Summonses, pp. 499 and 502, in two 





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CLINTON 



8 Feb. (1609/10) 7 Jac. I, by writ directed Thome Clinton de Say(^) 
ch' r primogenito Comitis Lincoln. He was b. 1 57 1 . On 29 Sep. 1 6 1 6, 
he sue. his father as Earl of Lincoln. He d. 15 Jan. 1619. 

XII. 1619. 12. Theophilus (Clinton otherwise FiENNEs), 

Earl of Lincoln and Lord Clinton, 3rd but ist 
surv. s. and h., b. 1600. K.B. 1616. He d. 21 May 1667. 

[Edward Clinton otherwise Fiennes, styled Lord Clinton, 
ists. and h. ap. He d. v.p., at Covent Garden, Midx. Admon. 
21 Apr. 1657.] 



XIII. 



1667 

to 

1692. 



13. Edward (Clinton), Earl of Lincoln 
and Lord Clinton, grandson and h., being only 
s. and h. of Edward Clinton, styled 'Lokd Clinton 
abovenamed. He d. s.p., 25 Nov. 1692, when the 
Earldom of Lincoln passed to his cousin and h. male (see under 
that title), but the Barony of Clinton fell into abeyance between (the 
heirs general) his aunts and coheirs,('') or their issue, daughters of 
the 4th Earl of Lincoln and 12th Lord Clinton. 



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XIV. 1 72 1. 14 and i. Hugh Fortescue, s. and h. of Hugh F., 

of Filleigh, Devon, by his ist wife, Bridget, da. and 
h. of Hugh Boscawen, of Tregothnan, Cornwall, by 
Margaret, da. (whose issue in 1692 became coh.) of 
Theophilus (Clinton), 5th Earl of Lincoln and I2th 
Lord Clinton abovenamed, being, as above shewn, one 
of the coheirs to the Barony. He was b. 1696, and was 
sum. to Pari. 15 Mar. 1720/1, as LORD CLINTON. 
Lord Lieut, of Devon, 1721-33; Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of 
Wales 1725-27, and to him when King 1727-33. K.B. 27 May 1725, 
being one of the original Knights on the revival of that most Hon. Order; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, 25 Apr. 1728. He was a Whig, and after 1732 



EARLDOM. 

I. 1746 
to 

1751. 



fabricated lists, wrongly gives the writ as being directed Edwardo Clinton Ch'r, no 
attention has hitherto been called to this recognition. V.G. 

(*) With regard to this description of him in the writ, the Barony of Say, 
as a creation by the writ of 13 13, was junior to that of the Barony of Clinton 
(1299), but the Lords Clinton seem to have been known from 1399 onwards (see sub 
6th and 9th Lords) as Lords Clinton and Say. The Barony of Say was then (1536) 
in abeyance, having been so since 1399, unless indeed, as some would hold, it was 
terminated by this summons. J. H. Round contends {Peerage Studies, pp. 454-5) that 
the writ of 1610 (which would also by some be held to have terminated the abeyance 
if that termination had not already occurred), was issued in error. See ante, p. 315, 
note " c," as, also, p. 313, note "a." For a list of eldest sons of peers sum., v.p., to the 
House of Lords in one of their father's baronies, see vol. i, Appendix G. V.G. 

C") See tabular pedigree. 



CLINTON 319 

one of that party who opposed Walpole. On 5 July 1749 he was cr. 
BARON FORTESCUE OF CASTLE HILL, co. Devon (with a spec, 
rem.), and EARL CLINTON. He J. unm., 2 May 1751,0 when the 
Earldom of Clinton became extinct, the Barony of Fortescue devolving on 
his half-brother, Matthew Fortescue (see that dignity), and the Barony of 
Clinton falling again into abeyance, between his only sister of the whole 
blood, Margaret Fortescue, spinsterjC") and his cousin, Margaret, widow of 
Robert (Walpole), Earl of Orford. Will dat. 6 Apr. 1747 to 27 Apr. 1751, 
pr. 17 May 1751. 

******* 

BARONY BY 15. Makgatltlt, suo jure BARONESS CLINTON, 
WRIT. who, on the death of her cousin, Margaret Fortescue, 

^y /• spinster, abovenamed, 14 Mar. 1760, became entitled to 

' ■ that dignity as sole h. to her great-grandfather, the 12th 

Lord, she being only da. and h. of Samuel Rolle, of 
Heanton Satchville, in Petroxstow, Devon (by Margaret, da. of Roger 
TucK.FiELD, of Raddon Court, in Thorverton, Devon), which Samuel (who d. 
1719) was s. and h. of Robert Rolle, of the same, by Arabella, ist da. of 
Theophilus (Clinton), 5th Earl of Lincoln and 17th Lord Clinton 
abovenamed. She, who was b. 17, and bap. 27 Jan. 1709, at Petroxstow, 
m. there, istly, 26 Mar. 1724, Robert (Walpole), 2nd Earl of Orford 
[1746], who d. 31 Mar. 1751, aged 50. Within two months of his death, 
she w., 2ndly, 25 May 1751 (mar. reg. at Keith's Chapel, Mayfair, 
Midx.), the Hon. Sewallis Shirley, 4th s. of Robert, ist Earl Ferrers. 
He, who was Comptroller of the Household to Charlotte, the Queen 
Consort, d. 25 Oct., and was bw. 2 Nov. 1765, in Grosvenor Chapel, 
South Audley Str., in his 55th year. She d. 13 Jan. 1781, at Pisa, and 
was bur. at Leghorn, aged nearly 72. 

XVI, 1 78 1. 16. George (Walpole), Earl of Orford, Viscount 

Walpole, Lord Clinton, fffc, only child and h., b. 
2 Apr. 1730. He d. unm., 5 Dec. 1791, when the Earldom of Orford, 
tfc, devolved on his uncle and h. male (see " Orford," Earldom of, cr. 
1742, sub the 3rd Earl), but the Barony of Clinton devolved as under. 

(*) " Of mean aspect, and meaner capacity, but meanest of all in his inclina- 
tions." (Hervey's Memoirs, p. 207). V.G. 

C") This lady was generally, though erroneously, considered to have become sua 
jure Baroness Clinton on the death of her brother in 1 7 5 i , and is so styled in Edmondson's 
Baronagium. She was, however, only a coht'w to such Barony at that date, the 
determination thereof in 1721, in her brother's favour, extending only to the heirs of 
his body, on failure of which it fell (as before) into abeyance. She, however, d. unm., 
at Ebrington, co. Gloucester, 14 Mar. 1760, and at her death the abeyance of the 
Barony terminated, the issue of Lady Margaret Boscawen, born Clinton, being 
thereby extinct. Her will, dat. 29 Apr. 1746, before her brother's death, was proved 
as that of " Margaret, Lady Baroness Clinton, heretofore Margaret Fortescue," 
26 Apr. 1760, by the Hon. Lucy Fortescue, widow, her stepmother and executrix. 



320 



CLINTON 






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321 



Pedigree, shewing the coheirship to this Barony, which remained in abey- 
ance from 1 692 to 1 72 1 (when terminated in favour of Hugh Fortescue), 
and, again, from 1751 till 1760, the right thereto not being acknow- 
ledged till the writ of summons of 1794. 

XII. — Theophilus (Clinton), Earl of Lincoln and Lord Clinton, </. 1667. 



Edward Kathcr- = Ge orge = 


= Eliz. 


Rob 


1 

:rt=Ara- 


Hugh Bos-= 


= M 


1 1 

ar- Other 


Clinton, ine 


, 1st 


Booth, cr. 


Gre\ 


, Rolle 


of 


bella 


cawen, of 


garet, issue 


styled wife, d. 


Baron 


2nd 


Heanton 




Tregoth- 


d. 


d. 


Lord 5 


Aug. 


Del 


amere 


wife 


Satch 


- 




nan, Corn- 


1688. unm. 


Clinton, 1643. 


in 


1661, 




ville. 






wall, d. 






s. and h. 




d. I 


684. 




Devon. 




1701. 






ap.,</.f./. 




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XIII. Edward 


\'cre, on 


y Samuel 


Francis = 


= Bridget, 


Other Brid- = Hugh = 


= Hon. 


(Clinton), Earl 


child of J 


ler Rolle, 


Trefu- 


^.1648, 


issue get. 


Fort- 


Lucy 


of Lincoln and 


mother. 


of 


sis, of 


m. 23 


d. onl)- 


escue, 


Aylmer, 


Lord Clinton, 


She d. 


Hean- 


Trefu- 


July 


unm. surv. 


d. 




2nd 


only child. 


unm.,N( 


JV. ton. 


sis, 


1672, </. 


da. 


Nov. 


wife, d. 


Heir to his 


I 7 I 7, aged only s. 


Corn- 


28 Aug. 


and 


'7 


19. 


1767. 


grandfather in 


73- 


and h., 


wall, d. 


1721. 


h., 




/s 


1667. He*/. 




d.Oct. 


1680. 




1st 




(Lords 


1692 s.f. 




1719- 

1 






wife. 




Fortescue.) 


Robert = 


= XV. 


Margaret, 


Francis 


Samuel 


XIV. w 


ugh Fortescue, of 


Margaret,(») 


(Wal- 


who 


, in 1760, 


Trefusis, 


Trefusis, 


Filleigh 


Devon, only s. and 


only da. of 


pole), 


became suojure 


s. and h., 


of Trefu- 


h. of hi 


) mother. He was 


her mother. 


2nd 


Baroness Clin- 


d. unm., 


sis, br. 


sum. in I 


72 I as Lord Clin- 


She d. unm., 


Earl of 


ton, 


only da. 


Sep. 


and h. 


ton, and 


wasrr. in 175 1, Earl 


14 Mar. 


Orford, 


and 


h., d. 13 


1692, 


Htd. 4 


Clinton, 


as also (this last. 


1760. 


«/. 1751, 


Jan. 


1781. 


aged 1 9. 


Apr. 1 7 24, 


Kith a spt 


c.rem.) Baron For- 




aged 50. 








aged_47. 


tescue. He </. unm., 1 75 1. 
















1 













XVI. George (Walpole), Earl of Orford, 
fife, and Lord Clinton, only child and h. 
He d. unm., 5 Dec. 1791, aged 61. 



Robert Trefusis, of Trefusis, 
s. and h. He d. Aug. I 742, 
aged 34- = 



Robert Cotton Trefusis, of Trefusis, s. and h. 
He d. Aug. 1778, aged 39. 

r 



XVII. Robert George William Trefusis, s. and h., who, being, after 1791, the sole h. of 
Theophilus (Clinton), Earl of Lincoln and Lord Clinton abovenamed, was, in 1 794, sum. 
as Lord Clinton. = 



(») See anu, p. 319, note " b.' 



41 



322 CLINTON 

XVII. 1 79 1. 17. Robert George William (Trefusis), Lord 

Clinton, cousin and h., being s. and h. of Robert Cotton 
Trefusis, by his ist wife, Anne, da. of John (St. John), loth Baron St. 
John of Bletso, which Robert Cotton (who d. 1778), was s. and h. of 
Robert [d. 1742), who was s. and h. of Samuel [d. 1724), 2nd but only s. 
that had issue, of Francis Trefusis {d. 1680) (all four being of Trefusis, in 
the parish of Mylor, Cornwall), by Bridget, sister of Samuel Rolle 
abovementioned (whose issue became extinct on the death of the Earl of 
Orford abovenamed in Dec. 1791), the said Bridget being the only child 
whose issue was then remaining of Robert Rolle, by Arabella, only child 
whose issue was then remaining of Theophilus (Clinton), 5th Earl of 
Lincoln and 17th Lord Clinton abovenamed. He was b. 5 Oct., and 
bap. 3 Nov. 1764, at St. James's, Westm., and sue. his father in the family 
estates, 7 Aug. 1781. His claim to the Peerage being allowed,(^) he was 
sum. to the House of Lords, 27 Feb. 1794, by writ directed Robert George 
William Trefusis de Clinton^ Chr. He m., 28 Apr. 1 786, at Lausanne, Alber- 
tina Marianna, da. of John Abraham Rodolph Gaulis, " Banneret," and one 
of the principal magistrates of Lausanne. He d. 28 Aug. 1797, in 
Bolton Row, Piccadilly, and was bur. at Trefusis, Cornwall, aged 32.('') 
Will pr. Oct. 1797. His widow d. 7 Feb. 1798, from the breaking of a 
blood vessel, at Cross, near Torrington, Devon. Will pr. May 1798. 



XVIII. 1797- 18. Robert Cotton St. John (Trefusis), Lord 
Clinton, s. and h., b. at Trefusis 28 Apr., and bap. 
2 May 1787, at Mylor afsd. Ed. at Harrow. Ent. the Army 1803; 
Col. 1825; A.D.C. to the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsular 
war, and sometime Capt. in the i6th Light Dragoons. A Lord of the 
Bedchamber 1827 till his death. He m., 4 Aug. 18 14 (spec, lie), Frances 
Selina Isabella, ist da. and coh, of William Stephen Poyntz, of Cowdray, 
Sussex, by Elizabeth Mary, da. of Anthony (Browne), Viscount Montagu. 
He d. s.p., Oct. i832,('^) near Florence, and was bur. at Trefusis, aged 45. 
Admon. Jan. 1833. His widow, who was sometime a Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to Adelaide, the Queen Consort, >«., July 1835, ^^ his 2nd wife. 
Sir Horace Beauchamp Seymour, K.C.H., Col. in the Army, who d. 23 Nov. 
i85i,aged 60. She d. s.p., 29 Aug. 1875, '" h^"" ^^^^ year, at 28 St. 
James's Place, Midx. Will pr. 17 Sep. 1875, under ;{^ 180,000. 



(^) See vol. iv, Appendix H, for similar allowances of Peerages where the abeyance 
has terminated. 

(*") His name does not appear in any division list, nor is it appended to any 
Protest in the House of Lords. As to his politics the Editor can only say that he was 
not one of the small band of Fox's followers in the Upper House. The mansion of 
Heanton Satchville, formerly belonging to the Rolles, was burnt in 1795, the family 
with difficulty escaping. V.G. 

(f) He voted for Cath. emancipation, and for the Reform Bill. V.G. 



CLINTON 323 

XIX. 1832. 19. Charles Rodolph (Trefusis), Lord Clinton, 

br. and h., b. 9 Nov. 1791; ed. at Eton; matric. at 
Oxford (Oriel Coll.), 12 Mar. 18 10, B.A. and ist class in Math., 18 14; 
Fellow of All Souls' Coll. and M.A., 18 17; M.P. (Tory) for Callington, 
1 8 13-18; a Commissioner of Excise, 1819-33. At the funeral of 
George III (15 Feb. 1820), he bore the Great Banner, and at that 
of George IV (15 July 1830), the Banner of St. George. He m., 
25 Oct. 1 83 1, Elizabeth Georgiana, da. of William (Kerr), 6th Mar- 
quess OF Lothian [S.], by his 2nd wife, Harriet, da. of Henry (Scott), 
3rd DuicE OF BuccLEUCH [S.]. He d. 10 Apr. 1866, in his 75th year, at 
Heanton Satchville, North Devon. Will pr. 24 July 1866, under 
;£2 5,000. His widow, who was b. 25 Sep. 1807, at Newbattle, d. 
19 Mar. 1 871, aged 63, at 67 Princes Gate, Midx. Will pr. 6 May 
1 87 1, under ;^" 10,000. 

XX. 1866. 20. Charles Henry Rolle (Trefusis, afterwards 

Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis), Lord Clinton 
[12990], ^- '^"d h., b. 2 Mar. 1834, at Rome; ed. at Eton; matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 3 June 1852, B.A. (ist class, law and mod. Hist.), 1856, 
M.A., 1859; M.P. (Conservative) for North Devon, 1857-66; Under Sec. 
of State for India, July 1867 to Dec. 1868. On 4 Sep. 1867 he took, 
in consequence of his marriage, by Royal lie, the name of Hepburn-Stuart- 
Forbes, before that of Trefusis. Charity Commissioner (paid), 1 874-80; Lord 
Lieut, of Devon, 1887 till his death. Hew., istly, 29 July i858,atFasque, co. 
Kincardine, his first cousin, Williamina, only da. and h. of Sir John Stuart 
Hepburn-Forbes, Bart. [S.], by Harriet Louisa Anne, da. of William 
(Kerr), 3rd Marquess of Lothian [S.] abovenamed. She, who was b. 
17 May 1835, at Greenhill, d. 4 July 1869, aged 34, at Heanton Satchville 
afsd. He ;«., 2ndly, 30 Mar. 1875, '^'^ Uffculme, Devon, Margaret, 2nd 
da. of Sir John Walrond Walrond, Bart., by Frances Caroline, da. of 
Samuel (Hood), 2nd Baron Bridport [I.]. He d. of heart disease, at 
Cairo, 29 Mar., and was bur. 4 May 1904, at Heanton Satchville afsd., 
aged 70. Will pr. above ;^2 7,000. His widow, who was ^.16 Nov. 1850, 
at Linden House, Wellington, was living 19 13. 

[Charles John Robert Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis, ist s. and 
h., by 1st wife, ^.18 Jan. 1863, at 8 Park Str., Grosvenor Sq. Convenor 
of CO. Kincardine. He m., i June 1886, at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, 
Jane Grey, 4th da. of Mark (M'Donnell), 5th Earl of Antrim, by Jane 
Emma Hannah, 2nd da. of Major Turner Macan, of CarrifF, co. Armagh. 
She was b. 15 June 1863, at Glenarm Castle, Antrim. Having sue. to the 
peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the scope of this work.] 

(*) For a list of the only recognised Parliaments (down to 1500) which furnish 
a date of origin for Baronies by writ now (1913) existing, see vol. vi. Appendix G. 
V.G. 



324 CLINTON 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted ot 14,431 acres in 
Devon and 3,690 in Cornwall, worth together ;C 18,385 a year, besides 
in Scotland, 6,730 acres in co. Aberdeen, 4,918 in co. Perth, and 5,007 in 
CO. Kincardine, worth together ;^ 14,22 8 a year. Total 34,776 acres, 
worth ;C3-j6i3 a year. Principal Residence. — Heanton Satchville, near 
Beaford, North Devon. 

CLINTON 

BARONY BY William de Clinton, yr. s. of John [Lord] Clinton, 

WRIT. by Ida, da. of William d'Odingsells, was sum. to Pari. 

from 6 Sep. (1330) 4 Edw. Ill to 14 Jan. (1336/7) 10 

I. 1330 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Willelmo de Clynton, whereby 

to he is held to have become LORD CLINTON.(^) On 

1354. 13 Mar. 1336/7, he was cr. EARL OF HUNTINGDON. 

He d. s.p.m.,(^) 25 Aug. 1354, when all his honours 

became extinct. See fuller account under " Huntingdon," Earldom of, cr. 

\ 2,2,1; extinct I354-C) 

CLINTON DE SAY 

See "Clinton," Barony by writ of 1299, under the nth Lord, who 
was sum. v.p. (in his father's Barony) as " CLYNTON DE SAY," by writ 
18 Feb. 1609/10. 

CLIVE OF PLASSEY, CLIVE OF WALCOT and 
CLIVE OF LUDLOW 

BARONY [I.] I. Robert Clive, s. and h. of Richard C, of Styche, 

Salop (who d. May 1771), by Rebecca, da. and coh. of 

I. 1762. Nathaniel Gaskell, of Manchester, was b. at Styche 

29 Sep., and bap. 2 Oct. 1725, at Moreton-Say. He was 

ed. at 4 different schools, viz.: (i) Lostock, in Cheshire; (2) Market 

(*) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title, 
see Appendix A in the last volume. As to this particular case see also p. 313, 
note "e." 

C") There is no doubt of this fact, inasmuch as his elder brother's son, Sir John 
[Lord] Clinton, was found his heir. According to some accounts he had a da. Eliza- 
beth, who m. Sir John Fitzwilliam, of Sprotborough, and was ancestress of the 
succeeding race there, as also of the present Earl FitzWilliam. The only probable 
surmise as to this daughter, who inherited none of his lands, is, that, if she ever existed, 
she was illegitimate. 

(■=) It is remarkable that in his will, dat. 23 Aug. 1354, he is called "William, 
Lord Clinton " [only], and his widow, in her will, dat. 30 Oct. 1367, is called "Julian 
de Clinton." Both are given in the Test. Vet. 



CLIVE 325 

Drayton, when aged 1 1 ; (3) Merchant Taylors, London, when aged 1 2 ; and 
(4) at Hemel Hempstead, Herts. When aged 19, in 1744, he arrived at 
Madras, having been, in 1743, appointed a Writer in the service of the 
East India Company. In 1747, however, he obtained an Ensign's com- 
mission, and fought at the siege of Pondicherry, and, as Lieut., commanded 
the forlorn hope that stormed Devikota. In 1751 he took the city of 
Arcot, but returned to England for 3 years in 1753, and was M.P. (Whig) 
for St. Michaels, 1754-55. In 1756, as Lieut. Col., he was made Lieut. 
Gov. of Fort St. David, of which he took charge 19 June 1756, and 
finally, 23 June 1757, gained a glorious victory at Plassey, where, being 
Commander of the British forces in India, he, with 3,200 men, routed 
50,000 foot and 18,000 horse, and put to death Surajah Dowlah; thus 
avenging the outrage perpetrated by him known as "the black hole of 
Calcutta." In Surajah's room Mir Jaffier was made Nabob of Calcutta, 
Clive himself being made Governor of the Company's possessions, 1758, 
when he defeated a Dutch force, near Chinsura, and compelled them to sue 
for peace. He resigned in 1760, when he visited England. Here he 
was received enthusiastically, was elected M.P. for Shrewsbury 1761 (a seat 
he retained till his death), and cr. D.C.L. of Oxford 2 Sep. 1760. On 
15 Mar. 1762, he was cr. BARON CLIVE OF PLASSEY,^ co. Clare 
[I.]; nom. and inv. K.B. 24 Apr. 1764, but not installed till 15 June 1772. 
Major Gen. 1 764, when for the second time, he was made Governor and Com. 
in Chief of the English forces in Bengal, to which he returned next year, 
quelling a most dangerous mutiny, and finally obtaining from the Emperor 
of Delhi 2i firman empowering the East India Company to collect the revenue 
in Bengal, Behar and Orissa. He resigned 20 Jan. 1767, and returned 
finally to England, where " his stern repression of abuses and inflexible 
enforcement of orders "C") had made him many enemies, both in the civil 
service and in the army. A parliamentary enquiry ensued, lasting two 
sessions and ending in May 1773, wherein, though Clive was censured for 
the large sums he had obtained from Mir Jaffier, his " great and meritorious 
services " were acknowledged. ("=) The anxiety and worry of these pro- 

(*) For remarks on this and similar titles chosen to commemorate foreign 
achievements, see Appendix E to this volume. V.G. 

C") See " Clive " by Sir A. J. Arbuthnot, in Diet. Nat. Biog., where the writer 
points out the extraordinary fact of how few years it took to lay the foundations of 
the British Indian Empire. Six years from 1747 to Feb. 1753 (during which period 
Clive twice reverted to civil employment), about four years from Nov. 1755 to Feb. 
1760, and finally but 22 months to 1767, so that " Clive's real work in India 
occupied a little less than twelve years." 

{^) His chief opponents in Pari, were Burgoyne and Thurlow, his chief 
supporters Wedderburn (whom he brought into Pari, for his pocket-borough of 
Bishop's Castle), Conway, and Lord George Germaine. Of his speech in his 
own defence, Horace Walpole, who regarded him as guilty, wrote that he "shone 
eminently as a real great man." By the elder Pitt he was spoken of as " that 
Heaven-born General." Macaulay says of his appearance, " Though his person was 
ungraceful, and though his harsh features were redeemed from vulgar ugliness only 



326 CLIVE 

ceedings afFected his mind and probably caused the tragic end of his life. 
F.R.S. 24 Nov. 1768; Lord Lieut, of cos. Salop and Montgomery 
1772 till his death. He m., at Madras, 15 Mar. 1753, Margaret, da. of 
Edmund Maskelyne, of Purton, Wilts, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of John 
Booth, of Woodford. He d. by his own hand, at his house in Berkeley 
Sq., Midx., 22 Nov. 1774, aged (but) 49, and was bur. at Moreton-Say, the 
place of his birth. Will pr. Dec. 1774. His widow d. 2% Dec. 1817, in 
her 84th year, at Oakley Park,(*) Salop. Admon. June 181 8. 



n. 1774. 2 and I. Edward (Clive), Baron Clive OF Plassey 

[I.], s. and h., b. 7 Mar. 1754. On 13 Aug. 1794 he 
BARONY. was cr. BARON CLIVE OF WALCOt, co. Salop, and, 

T having m., 7 May 1784, Henrietta Antonia, sister and h. 

'"■^' of George Edward Henry Arthur (Herbert), 2nd and 

VT^roTTMTrY last Earl OF Powis (who d'. unm. 16 Jan. I 801), he was, 
viauuuiNit^i. ^^^ i4Mayi8o4,fr. BARON POWIS, of Powis Castle, 
I. 1804. CO. Montgomery, BARON HERBERT OF CHIR- 

BURY, CO. Salop, VISCOUNT CLIVE OF LUD- 
LOW and EARL OF POWIS, in the said co. of Montgomery. See 
" Powis," Earldom of, cr. i 804. 



CLIVEDONC) 

I. Raymond de Clivedon,('') of Kenn and Hewish, Somerset.('^) He 
was sum. cum equis et armis 15 May (1297) 25 Edw. I, and to attend the 
King wherever he might be, 8 June (1294) 22 Edw. I, by writs directed 
Reymundo de Clivedon or Clyvedon, but this latter writ does not appear to 
have been a summons to Parl.(°) He d. s.p. or s.pjn. before 1303.0 



by their stern, dauntless, and commanding expression, he was fond of rich and gay 
clothing, and replenished his wardrobe with absurd profusion." As to his love for 
"his black jagueer," see some satirical verses in vol. i, Appendix H. In 1773 he and 
some woman appear, "Baron Jaghire and Miss Fanny Ch . . n," in the notorious 
tete-a-tete portraits in Town and Country Mag., for an account of which see 
Appendix B in the last volume of this work. V.G. 

{^) This, together with Walcot Hall (long the possession of the Walcot family), 
also in Salop, was purchased by Lord Clive, as also was Claremont in Esher, Surrey, 
about 1769, where he rebuilt the house at the cost of ^100,000. This last was 
sold after Clive's death. 

('') This article has kindly been contributed by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

i^) His arms were, Or, a lion rampant, Sable. 

(^) He held 2 knights' fees in Kenn, Wemerham, Hewish, Langford, Beral, and 
Stratton, in Winterstoke hundred, Som3rset. 

(«) As to this writ see Preface. V.G. 

(*) Feudal Aids, vol. iv, p. 3 07. 



CLONBROCK 327 



CLOGHER or CLOUGHER 

BARONY [I.] TuRLouGH Lynach O'Neill, s. of Neil Conallagh 
O'Neill, by Rose, da. of Manus O'Donnel, was cr. 
I. 1578. by Letters Patent, so called, in May 1578, as "Terence 

Lenaugh," "BARON OF CLOUGHER in Ireland," 
with rem. to the heirs male of his body.(^) At or about the same time 
another patent passed the seals, to cr. him EARL OF CLANCONNELL 
in Ireland; but it is clear that no patent tor a Barony or Earldom was ever 
delivered to him. For fuller particulars see Clanconnell, Earldom [I,], 
cr. 1578. 



CLONBROCK 

BARONY [I.] I. Robert Dillon, s. and h. of Luke D., of Clon- 

brock, CO. Galway, by Bridget, da. of John Kelly, of 

I. 1790. Clonlyon, in that co., was i". 27 Feb. 1754; M.P. for 

Lanesborough, 1776-90. On 5 June 1790, he was cr. 
BARON CLONBROCK,^) of Clonbrock, co. Galway [I.], taking his seat 
2 July following. App. P.C. [I.] June 1795, ^^'^ never sworn. He m., 
30 Jan. 1776, Letitia, only da. and h. of John Greene, of Old Abbey, co. 
Limerick, by Catherine, sister of John, ist Earl of Norbury [L], da. of 
Daniel Toler, of Beechwood. He ^. at Clonbrock, 22 July 1795. Will 
pr. 1795. His widow ;;;., May 1802, at Buxton, Clement Archer, 
sometime State Surgeon in Ireland, who ^. 5 Sep. 1 806, at Cheltenham, aged 
55. She ^. there 28 May 1841, aged 83. M.I. Will pr. July 1847. 

II. 1795. 2. Luke (Dillon), Baron Clonbrock. [I.], only s. 

and h., ^. 24 Apr. 1780. Matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 
29 Apr. 1797, B.A. 1800. He m., 6 Jan. 1803, at Ardfry, co. Galway, 
Anastasia, da. and h. of Joseph Henry (Blake), ist Baron Wallscourt of 
Ardfry [I.], by Louisa Catherine Mary, da. and coh. of Thomas (Ber- 
mingham). Earl of Louth [I.]. She, who was I?. 31 Oct. 1785, d. 5 June 
18 16, at Clonbrock. He d". 13 Dec. 1826, at Rathmines, near Dublin, 
aged 46.('=) Will pr. Apr. 1827. 

III. 1826. 3. Robert (Dillon), Baron Clonbrock [L], only s. 

and h., l>. 29 Mar. 1807; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford 

(*) Patent Roll [No. 1 174] 20 Eliz., p. 1 1, m. 30 (18), and Special Commission 
dat. 21 May on m. 31 (17) of the same Roll. See also Creations, 1483-1646, in 
App., 47th Rep., D.K.Pub. Records, and ante, vol. i, p. 218, note "b." 

C') For a list of creations and promotions shortly before, and at the time of the 
Union, see Appendix H to this volume. 

(') His Irish estates are said in 1799 to have been worth ;^io,ooo p.a. For a 
list of the largest resident Irish landlords at that date, see vol. iv. Appendix C. V.G. 



328 CLONBROCK 

(Ch. Ch.) 2 1 Mar. 1825, B.A. 1827, M.A. 1830. Rep. Peer [I.], 1838 
(Conservative). Lord Lieut, of co. Galway 1874-92. He w., 15 June 
1830, at Cornbury, Oxon, Caroline Elizabeth, ist da. of Francis Almeric 
(Spencer), ist Baron Churchill of Whichwood, by Frances, da. of 
Augustus Henry (Fitzroy), 3rd Duke of Grafton. She, who was b. 
28 June 1805, d. 17 Dec. 1864, in her 60th year, at Clonbrock, and was 
bur. at Ahascragh, co. Galway. He d. 4 Dec. 1 893, aged 86, at Clonbrock, 
and was bur. at Ahascragh afsd. 

IV. 1893. 4. Luke Gerald (Dillon), Baron Clonbrock [L 

1790], 2nd but 1st surv. s. and h., b. 10 Mar., and bap. 
17 Apr. 1834, at Ahascragh; ed. at Eton, and at Balliol Coll. Oxford, 2nd 
class in Law and Mod. History; second Sec. at Vienna, 1862; Sheriff of co. 
Galway 1865; Private Sec. to the Viceroy of Ireland, 1866-68 and 1874-76; 
Lord Lieut, of co. Galway 1892; Rep. Peer [I.], 1895 (Conservative); P.C. 
[I.] 10 Feb. 1898. K.P. 29 Aug. 1900. He m., 18 July 1866, at Ros- 
common, Augusta Caroline, only da. of Edward (Crofton), Baron Crofton 
OF Mote [I.], by Georgiana, da. of Henry William (Paget), ist Marquess 
of Anglesey. She was ^.16 Oct. 1839. 

[Robert Edward Dillon, only s. and h. ap., b. 21 May 1869.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 29,550 acres, co. Galway, 
worth ;^i 1,873 ^ year. Principal Residence. — Clonbrock, near Ahascragh, 
CO. Galway. 

CLONCURRY 

BARONY [I.] I. Nicholas Lawless, ist s. of Robert L., of the city 

of Dublin (who d. 16 Mar. I779),('') by Mary, da. of 
I. 1789. Dominick Hadsor, of Dublin, merchant, was b. 3 Dec. 

1733; "bred a Catholic,"(^) and was "engaged in com- 
merce. "C*) He conformed to the established church and returned to 
Ireland from Galleville, in Normandy, being of Abington, co. Limerick. 
He was cr. a Baronet [I.] 6 Aug. 1776. M.P. for Lifford, 1776-89. 

(*) " A resident of Dublin [who] acquired a considerable fortune in the woollen 
manufacture." See Owen and Debrett's Peerage, 1790, vol. iii, p. 430, and Sir 
Egerton Brydges' Biographical Peerage, 181 7, vol. iv, p. 365. The ennobling of one 
engaged in trade, somewhat scandalised Dublin Society. His Lordship is said to 
have found the following verse (attributed to Miss de Burgh) in his box at a theatre 
where "Don Quixote" (and the scene in which Sancho Panza is "tossed") was to 
be represented: — 

" Cloncurry, Cloncurry, don't be in a hurry, 
To see them toss up the poor squire; 
Tho' high he must go, yet we very well know. 
Tour blankets have tossed you much higher." 



CLONCURRY 329 

On 29 Sep. i789(«) he was cr. BARON CLONCURRY OF CLON- 
CURRY, CO. Kildare [I.], taking his seat 21 Jan. 1790. He m., 13 Oct. 
I76i,at St. Peter's, Dublin, Margaret, da. and h. of Valentine Browne, of 
Dublin, brewer. She, who was I>. 24 Aug. 1748, d. 10 Feb. 1795, •" Upper 
Merrion Str., Dublin, and was />ur. at Crumlin, co. Dublin. He i/. 28 Aug. 
1799, at iVIaretimo, Blackrock, near Dublin, and was bur. at Crumlin afsd. 
Will pr. 1799. 

n. 1799- 2 and I. Valentine Browne (Lawless), Baron 

Cloncurry [L], 2nd but only surv. s. and h., l>. 19 Aug. 
BARONY [U.K.] 1773, in Merrion Sq., and /mp. at St. Peter's, Dublin; 
ed. at Trin. Coll. Dublin, B.A., 1792; was a member 
I. 1831. of "the Society of United Irishmen" (founded in 1 791), 

opposing the projected Union and all other Government 
measures; was imprisoned for six weeks in 1798, and again in 1799 for 2 
years, on suspicion of treason. He took part in 1821 in defeating a loyal 
address to George IV proposed to have been sent by the county of Dublin. 
He was, however, in the next reign, made P.C. [I.] 23 May 1831, and, 
being a Liberal, was cr., 14 Sep. 1 83 1, BARON CLONCURRY OF CLON- 
CURRY, co. Kildare [U.K.]. He m., istly, 16 Apr. i 803, at Rome, Elizabeth 
Georgiana, yst. da. of Lieut. Gen. Charles Morgan, Com. in Chief In the 
East Indies. This marriage was dissolved by Act of Pari., 26 June 181 IjC") 
and, four days afterwards, he m., 2ndly, 30 June 1811, at Carnallwey, co. 
Kildare, Emily, widow of Joseph Leeson, 3rd da. of Archibald Douglas, 
of Darnock, by Mary, da. of Sir Paul Crosbie, 4th Bart. [S.], of Crosbie 
Park, CO. Wicklow. She d. 15 June 1 841, at the London Hotel, Albemarle 
Str. He d. 28 Oct. 1853, aged 80, at Maretimo, afsd.,('=) and was l>ur. at 
Lyons Castle. 

(*) For a list of promotions and creations in the Irish peerage at this time see 
Appendix H to this volume. His peerage was generally regarded as having been 
paid for in hard cash, and indeed, in 1799 he wrote to the Duke of Portland, "If I 
have obtained any honours, they have cost me their full value." Nevertheless he 
continued actively though vainly, to beg for further advancement in the Peerage. " His 
person has more of the stiffness of a French dancing-master than of the easy disengaged 
air of a well bred gentleman; and his voice is peculiarly unpleasing, it having a sharp 
querulous tone grating to the ear, equally destitute of strength or sweetness, melody or 
compass . . . The great object on which his heart is fixed, next to the accumulation 
of money, is the attainment of a peerage, and to procure that splendid distinction, he 
has for some years dedicated himself most assiduously to the service of every administra- 
tion." {J Review of the Irish House of Commons, I 789, by the Rev. John Scott). His 
Irish estates are said in 1799 to have been worth £12,000 p. a. For a list of the 
largest resident Irish landlords at that date, see vol. iv. Appendix C. V.G. 

C") He obtained ^^20,000 damages, in 1807, against Sir John Piers, Bart., for 
crim. con. The lady m., andly, June 1819, the Rev. John Sanford, Rector of Nyne- 
head, Somerset. 

("=) According to Carpenter's Peerage for the People, 1849, he was entitled "to a 
high place on the roll of noble patriots," and was one, who " in his politics has ever 

42 



330 

BARONY [I.] 
III. 



CLONCURRY 



3 and 2. Edward (Lawless), Baron Clon- 
cuRRY [I. and U.K.], 2nd but ist surv. s.,(*) 
jSr-). being ist s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 13 Sep. 
1 8 1 6, at Lyons Castle, co. Kildare. Sheriff of 
CO. Kildare 1838, and of co. Dublin 1846. He 
was a Conservative. He w., 17 Sep. 1839, at 
Lyons afsd. Elizabeth, da. and h. of John 
Kirwan, of Castle Hacket, co. Galway, by Penelope, da. of John Hardiman 
Burke, of St. Clerans, in that co. He d. 4 Apr. 1869, aged 52, having thrown 
himself out of a window at Lyons Castle. His widow d. 8 May 1895, at 
Maretimo afsd.C") 



BARONY [U.K.] 
IL 



BARONY [L] 
IV. 



BARONY [U.K.] 
IIL 



4 and 3. Valentine (Lawless), Baron 
Cloncurry [L and U.K.], and a Baronet [I.], s. 
■ 1869 ^'""^ ^'j ^- ^ Nov. 1840, in Ireland; ed. at Eton 
^ and at BaUiol Coll. Oxford, B.A. 1861; Sheriff 

of CO. Kildare 1867. A Conservative.(') He 
»7., 23 Jan. 1883, at Nostell, co. York, Laura 
Sophia Priscilla, ist da. of Rowland (Winn), 
1st Baron St. Oswald of Nostell, by Harriet Maria Amelia, da. of Col. 
Henry Dumaresq. She d. 29 Oct. 1891, at 11 Grosvenor Gardens. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 6,121 acres in co. Kildare; 
5,137 in CO. Limerick; 923 in co. Dublin; and 306 in co. Meath. Total 
12,487 acres, worth ^10,443 a year. Principal Residence. — Lyons Castle, 
near Hazlehatch, co. Kildare. 

CLONEY 

i.e. " Cloney," Barony of [I.] {Ducie), cr. 1661.'' with "Downe," 
Viscountcy [I.], which see; extinct 1679. 

CLONLYON 

See "Bowes of Clonlyon, co. Meath," Barony [I.] (Bowes), cr. 1758; 
extinct 1767. 

been as liberal as in his more private character." He is said to have spent as much 
as ;^200,ooo on building and adorning Lyons Castle. His Recollections were published 
in 1849. 

(^) His elder br. of the half blood, Valentine Anne, only s. by the 1st wife, h. 
1805, d. unm. and v.p.^ at the house of his sister's husband, John, Baron de Robeck, 
in Dublin, 24 Jan. 1825, ^Z^^ 19- V.G. 

('') " She is the most charming old beauty of seventy — as bright as seventeen, 
and full of fun and cleverness. It was quite worth a journey to Italy to make friends 
with her." (Mrs. M. O. W. Qliphant: letter, 1885). V.G. 

if) He rowed in the Oxford eight in 1859; and is one of the numerous peers 
who are, or have been, directors of public companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see 
vol. v, Appendix C. V.G. 



CLONMELL 331 

CLONMELL 

i.e. " Clonmell," Barony [I.] (de la Rochefoucauld), cr. 1699 with the 
Earldom of Lifford [I.], which see; extinct 1749. 

See "LiGONiER of Clonmell," Viscountcy [I.] (^Ligonier), cr. 1762; 
Earldom, cr. 1776; both becoming extinct in 1782. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. John Scott, s. of Thomas S.,(^) of Mohubber, 
- CO. Tipperary, by Rachel, da. of MarkPRiM, of Johns- 

^'9* well, CO. Kilkenny, was b. 8 June 1739; ed. at Clon- 

FART nnM n ^ I'nell, and was a scholar at Trin. Coll. Dublin, 1758, 
L ■-' B.A., 1760, and subsequently, 1775, honoris causa, 

I. 1 793. LL.D. ; M.P. for Mullingar, 1769-83, and for Portar- 

lington, i783-84;Barrister-at-law[I.], I765;K.C. [I.], 
1770; Counsel to the Board of Revenue [I.], 1772; Solicitor Gen. [I.], 
1774-77; Attorney Gen. [I.],('') 1777-82; P.C. [I.], 5 Nov. 1777; Clerk of 
the Pleas of the Court of Exchequer [I.] for life, 1783; Prime Serjeant 
at Law, Dec. 1783, being, five months afterwards, made Chief Justice of the 
Court of King's Bench (an office which he retained till his death). He 
was cr., at the same time, 20 May 1784, BARON EARLSFORT OF 
LISSON EARL, co. Tipperary [L], taking his seat in the House on the 
next day. On 18 Aug. I789,(') he was cr. VISCOUNT CLONMELL [I.], 
taking his seat 21 Jan. 1790, and, on 6 Dec. 1 793,0 EARL OF CLON- 
MELL [I.], taking his seat, as such, 21 Jan. 1794. In Sep. 1789 he was 
one of the three Commissioners of the Great Seal. He m., istly, in 1768, 
Catherine Anna Maria, widow of Philip Roe, sister of Francis, ist Earl of 
Landaff [I.], da. of Thomas Mathew, of Thomastown, co. Tipperary, 
by Mary, da. of Richard Mathews, of Dublin. She d. s.p.s., 19 Mar. 1771. 
He m., 2ndly, 23 June 1779, Margaret,('') da. and eventually h. of Patrick 
Lawless, of Dublin, Banker, by Mary, sister of Nicholas, ist Baron 
Cloncurry [I.], da. of Robert Lawless, of Dublin. He d. 23 May 1798, 
in his 59th year, in Harcourt Str., Dublin, and was bur. at St. Peter's there. 
M.I.Q Will pr. 1798. His widow ^. 5 Nov. 1829, aged 66, in Portman 
Sq., Midx. Will pr. May 1830, under £-jo,ooo. 

(") Gent. Mag. says he was a clergyman of the estabh'shed church. V.G. 

('') He accepted this office from Lord Chancellor LifFord with the significant 
words, "My Lord, you have spoilt a patriot." V.G. 

('^) He appears to have pressed for an Earldom at this date, but was refused. V.G. 

(^) For a list of creations and promotions in the Irish peerage shortly before, and 
at the time of, the Union, see Appendix H to this volume. V.G. 

(') In A Review of the Irish Home of Commons, by the Rev. John Scott, 1789, 
it is said that she had an immense fortune. V.G. 

His bronzed visage and reputation for effrontery led to his being called 
"copper-faced Jack;" and Lord Charlemont in his Memoirs writes bitterly of him 
when Attorney General, that he was amply and exactly described by his nickname 



332 CLONMELL 

EARLDOM AND 2. Thomas (Scott), Earl of Clonmell, Viscount 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] Clonmell, tfc. [I.], only s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 

15 Aug. 1783; was M.P.(^) for Romney, 1807-12. 

II. 1798. He m., 9 Feb. 1805, in Hill Str., Berkeley Sq.jC) 

Henrietta Louisa, 2nd da. of George (Greville), 
2nd Earl Brooke of Warwick. Castle and Earl of Warwick, by his 
2nd wife, Henrietta, da. of Richard Vernon. He d. 18 Jan. 1838, at 
North Aston, Oxon, aged 54, and was bur. at Marylebone. Will pr. Feb. 
1838. His widow, who was b. 1785, d'. 8 Nov. 1858, at St. Leonard's-on- 
Sea. Will pr. 9 Dec. 1858, under ;^6o,ooo. 

III. 1838. 3. John Henry (Scott), Earl of Clonmell, i^c. 

[I.], s. and h., b. 4 Jan. 18 17, in Hertford Str., Mayfair, 
Midx. Ed. at Eton. He m., 27 Apr. 1838, at Kilberry church, Queen's 
Co., Anne, ist da. and coh. of Ulysses (Burgh), 2nd Baron Downes of 
Aghanville [I.], by his ist wife, Maria, da. and h. of Walter Bagenal. He 
d. 7 Feb. 1 866, of bronchitis, in his 50th year, at Bishop's Court, co. Kildare. 
His widow, who was b. 18 Dec. 181 8, a'. 22 Nov. 1872. 

IV. 1866. 4. John Henry Reginald (Scott), Earl of Clon- 

mell, ^c. [I.], s. and h., b. 1 Mar. 1839, at Birt House, 
Naas, CO. Kildare; ed. at Eton; Sub Lieut, ist Life Guards 1857-67; 
Rep. Peer [I.], 10 Nov. 1874-91 (Conservative). He d. unm., 22 June 
1 891, aged 52, at 3 St. James's Place. 

V. 1 891. 5. Thomas Charles (Scott), Earl OF Clonmell, i^c. 

[I.], next and only surv. br. and \\.\ b. 18 Aug. 1840, at 
Birt House, Naas, afsd.; entered the army, 1859, serving as Capt. in the 
Rifle Brigade in the Ashantee War, 1874, retiring as Major (Lieut. Col. on 
the retired list), 188 1. An advanced Liberal. He m., 20 Feb. 1875, at 
St. Geo., Han. Sq., Agnes Arabella, da. of Robert Godfrey Day (br. of the 



"Jack Petulant." That "he affected to despise that people from whose dregs he had 
lately sprung, and had indeed an utter contempt for everything, danger only excepted, 
possessing every degree of hardiness consistent with his personal safety. Yet even 
dangeritselfhe could despise when distant, and for that reason was daring in impiety . . . 
He was a flippant, pert, and overbearing, though by no means an able, speaker." He 
adds in another place that " he afterwards disgraced the Peerage." For another 
unflattering and probably prejudiced account of him, see Titled Corruption, by J. G. 
Swift McNeill, Q.C., M.P. In that work some 50 Irish Peers are described, none of 
whom, so far as can be gleaned from the author's remarks, had a single redeeming 
feature! V.G. 

(*) He was a Tory, but voted for the removal of Catholic disabilities. His 
Irish estates are said in 1799 to have been worth ^^20,000 p. a. For a list of the 
largest resident Irish landlords at that date, see vol. iv. Appendix C. V.G. 

(*•) Hibernian Mag. says that they were married in Oct. 1804, at St. Mary's, 
Warwick. 



CLONMELL 333 

Bishop of Cashel), by Anne, da. of Thomas Thompson. She d. lo Feb. 
1884, at 109 Ebury Str., Pimlico. He d. s.p., of typhoid fever, i8 June 
1896, aged ^^, at Bishop's Court afsd. Under his will all his property 
devolved on strangers in blood. 



VI. 1896. 6. Beauchamp Henry John (Scott), Earl of Clon- 

MELL, £5fc. [I.], first cousin and h. male, being s. and h. of Col. 
the Hon. Charles Grantham Scott, by Frances Maria, da. of Ralph William 
Grey, of Backworth, Northumberland, which Charles (who ^. 5 Jan. 1855, 
aged 76) was 2nd s. of the 2nd Earl. He was b. 28 Dec. 1847, at Edin- 
burgh; was sometime Capt. Scots Fusilier Guards. He ;«., 31 Mar. 1875, 
at Rauceby, Lucy Maria, da. of Anthony Willson, of Rauceby Hall, co. 
Lincoln, by Mary Eliza Caroline, da. of the Rev. Edward Fane, Rector of 
Fulbeck in that co. He, who had been an invalid for several years, d. 
I Feb. 1898, at his seat, Eathorpe Hall, near Leamington, of blood poison- 
ing from burning sealing wax dropped on his hand, aged 50, and was bur. 
at Wappenbury, co. Warwick. His widow d. 7 July 1909, at Eathorpe 
Hall afsd. Will pr. 7 Sep. 1909, gross over ;^ 10,000, net over ;^9,ooo. 



Vn. 1898. 7. Rupert Charles (Scott), Earl of Clonmell 

[1793], Viscount Clonmell [1789] and Baron Earls- 
fort of Lisson Earl [1784] in the peerage of Ireland, only s. and h. ap., 
b. 10 Nov. 1877, at Eathorpe Hall afsd. A Liberal. He ;«., 8 Aug. 1901, 
Rachel Estelle, ist da. of the late Samuel Berridge, of Toft Hill, Rugby. 

Fatttily Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 16,187 acres in co.Tipperary, 
1,978 in CO. Kildare, 2,226 in co. Kilkenny, 3,300 in co. Carlow, 2,022 in 
CO. Monaghan, 1,902 in co. Limerick, and 51 in co. Dublin. Total 27,646 
acres, worth ;{! 1 7, 1 40 a year. Principal Residence. — Bishop's Court, Straffan, 
CO. Kildare. As stated above, these estates were alienated from the title 
in 1896. 

CLONMORE 

i.e. " Clonmore, co. Tipperary," Viscountcy [I.] {Butler), cr. 1676 with 
"GowRAN," Earldom of [I.], which see; extinct 1677. 



BARONY [I.] I . The Rt. Hon. Ralph Howard, was, 2 1 July 1776, 

cr. BARON CLONMORE, of Clonmore Castle, co. 
I. 1776. Carlow [I.], taking his seat 14 Oct. 1777. On 21 June 

1785, he was cr. VISCOUNT WICKLOW, of co. Wick- 
low [I.]. See " WiCKLOw," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1785. 



334 CLONTARFF 

CLONTARFF 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] John Rawson, ist s. of Richard R., Alderman, and 
(1476-77) Sheriff of London, and Master of the 
I. 1 541 Mercers' Company, by Isabella, da. and h. or coh. 

to of ( — ) Craford,('') was admitted free of the Mercers' 

1 547? Company, 1492, but joined the Order of the Knights 

of St. John before Sep. 1497, being then mentioned 
as "a Knight of Rhodes." In 151 1 he was made Prior of the Hospital of 
St. John of Jerusalem, at Kilmainham, co. Dublin,('') and P.C. [I.], and 
in 1517 was Lord Treasurer [I.]. In 1522 he was one of the Knights who 
bravely, but without success, resisted the capture of the island of Rhodes 
by the Sultan. In 1527 he was Turcopolier of the order, but shortly after- 
wards returned to his post in Ireland, resigning the Treasurership in 1532. 
He surrendered into the hands of the King the Hospital of St. John of Jerusa- 
lem at Kilmainham, 22 Nov. 1 541, receiving a grant of 500 marks annually 
therefrom, and in accordance with Royal letters, dat. at Windsor, 5 Nov. 1 540, 
was cr. 20 June 1541, VISCOUNT CLONTARFF,(') co. Dublin [l.\for 
life, with an annuity of ;^io annexed. He was old and impotent in 1 538, and 
his signature to letters of the Privy Council [I.] does not appear after 1543. 
He probably d. in 1547, but is usually said to have d. at a great age, in 
1560. At his death his life Peerage became extinct. 



CLONYN 

See " Greville of Clonyn, co. Westmeath," Barony {Greville-Nugeni), 
cr. 1869. 

(') Viscount ClontarfF bore the Arms of Craford, Or on a chevron Vert three 
ravens' heads erased Argent, quartered with his own, which were Per fess undee Sable 
and Azure, a castle with four towers Argent, and ensigned over all with a chief Gules 
charged with a cross Argent, the Arms of St. John of Jerusalem. Crest. Issuing 
downwards out of a cloud an arm vested Gules cuffed Argent, the hand proper holding 
an anchor in pale Or. [ex inform. G. D. Burtchaell). V.G. 

(*>) This Priory was suppressed in 1 541 by Act of Pari. [I.] 33 Hen. VIII, 
sess. 2, cap. v. About the end of 1557 Queen Mary, although the Act was 
unrepealed, gave back Kilmainham to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and 
appointed a Prior, Oswald Massingberd, who fled to the Continent on the accession 
of Elizabeth. V.G. 

if) This appears to have been at the recommendation of the Lord Deputy St. 
Leger, who writes 1 2 Sep. 1 5 40 that " the Lord Kilmainham, Lord of St. John's here," 
is reported to have, " for the long time of his abode here, been the person which, next 
to your Majesty's Deputy, hath always kept the best house and English sort, and, at 
all times when strangers hath repaired thither, feasted and entertained them to your 
Highnesse's honour." He therefore suggests that his Lordship should be raised to 
the honour of Viscount Clontarff " which is a place where he entendeth to make his 
abode ; and to be a Lord of your Parliament and of your Council." See State 



CLUN 335 

CLOPTON 

i.e. " Carew of Clopton, co. Warwick," Barony (Carew), cr. 4 May 
1605; see under " ToTNEss," Earldom of, cr. 1626; both peerages f,v//«c/ 
1629. 

CLOUGHER see CLOGHER 

CLOUGHGRENAN 

i.e. "Butler of Cloughgrenan," Barony [I.] {Butler), cr. 1662 with 
"Arran," Earldom of [I.], which see; extinct 1686. 

i.e. "Cloughgrenan," Barony of [I.] (Butler), cr. 1693, with 
"Arran," Earldom of [1.], which see; extinct 1758. 



CLUN AND OSWESTRY 

[The Lordship of Clun in Shropshire belonged, temp. Stephen, to 
Ingram de Say, whose da. and h., Isabel, brought it to her husband, 
William FitzAlan, feudal Lord of Oswaldestre (i.e. Oswestry) in that 
CO., who d. about 12 10. Their s. and h., William FitzAlan, Lord of 
Clun and Oswestry, d. s.p., 12 16, and was sue. by his br. and h., John 
FitzAlan, Lord of Clun and Oswestry, who m. Isabel, sister (whose issue 
became coheirs) of Hugh (d'Aubigny), Earl of Arundel. This John 
FitzAlan d. 1 240, and was sue. by his s. and h., John FitzAlan, feudal 
Lord of Clun and Oswestry, to whom (jure matris) the Castle and 
Honour of Arundel were awarded, 27 Nov. 1243, whereby, according to 
the admission of 1433, (^) he became Earl of Arundel, With this 
Earldom these Lordships continued united, passing with it to the Howard 
family (see tabular pedigree, vol. i, p. 253), till, on the attainder of Philip 
(Howard), Earl of Arundel, in 1589, they were granted to (his uncle) 
Henry Howard, afterwards Earl of Northampton, who transferred them 
to his (the grantee's) nephew, Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk. They 
were, however, apparently, not in the possession of Thomas Howard, the 
restored Earl of Arundel, next below mentioned, in 1627, the date on 
which the titles of his ancestors were confirmed to him.] 

Thomas (Howard), Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey (s. 
and h. of Philip, Earl of Arundel, attainted \n 1589 as abovementioned), 
obtained 3 Car. I (1627) an Act of Pari. "For the annexing of the 



Papers, temp. Henry VIII. The King's reply that he was to have the Viscountcy of 
Clontarf is dated 26 Sep. 1540. For the Ranking of Irish peers on various occasions 
see vol. i, Appendix A, circa finem. 
(») See vol. i, p. 231, note " b." 



33^ 



CLUN 



Castle, lyc, of Arundel, with the titles and dignities of the BARONIES 
OF FITZALAN, CLUN AND OSWALDESTRE, and MAL- 
TRAVERS,(») and with divers other lands, tfc, being now parcels of the 
possessions of [him, the said] Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Cst'c., 
to the same title, name, and dignity of Earl of Arundel." From this 
period therefore the Baronies of Clun and Oswestry (which hitherto had 
been mere feudal Lordships) may possibly be considered as Peerage digni- 
ties,^) and as being, together with FitzAlan and Mautravers, annexed 
to the Earldom of Arundel. See "Arundel," Earldom of, cr. 1067 
under the xxvith holder thereof. 



CLYDE OF CLYDESDALE 

BARONY. Colin M'Liver, afterwards known as Campbell, s. of 

. ^ J- John M'Liver, of the city of Glasgow, cabinetmaker, by 

^ Agnes, sister of Colin Campbell (an ensign killed in the 

Ji American War), and of Col. John Campbell, who appears 

^ ^' to have adopted him, was t. 20 Oct. 1792, at Glasgow. (') 

He was ed. at the High school, Glasgow, and at the 

Military Academy, Gosport. On 26 May 1808 he was gazetted, under the 

name of Campbell, as ensign in the 9th Foot, and served in the Peninsula; 

served at Vimiera in 1808, and at Corunna and at Walcheren in 1809; 

returned to Spain in 1 8 10; fought at Barrosa, Tarifa, and Vittoria, being twice 

severely wounded (25 July 18 13) while leading a forlorn hope at the siege 

of San Sebastian, and again at the battle of Bidassoa four months later, 

after which he returned to England. Col. 1842; A.D.C. to the Queen 

1842-54; as Lieut. Col. of the 98th Foot, he served in China at the 

capture, on 21 July, of Chin-Kiang-Fu; C.B. 24 Dec. 1842; in 1848 he 

served in India, being in command of the 3rd Division of the Army of the 

Punjab, in the second Sikh war, being at Ramnuggur, and in 1849, at 

Chillianwallah (where, though again wounded, his leadership decided the 

^) In his petition the Earl calls them "the titles, names and dignities of Lord 
FitzAlan, Lord of Clun and of Oswaldestre and Lord Maltravers." 

C") On these dignities J. Horace Round remarks: "It is difficult to decide the 
precise status of the title or titles ' Clun and Oswaldestre,' after the passing (in 
1627) of this anomalous Act. What the measure really did was to stereotype one of 
the many erroneous assumptions of titles in the 17th century; but, how far an Act, 
passed on the erroneous supposition (based, possibly, on a preamble which, in those days, 
would not require to be proved), that Clun and Oswaldestre were Peerage dignities, 
could convert them into such dignities is, to say the least, doubtful. No such mode 
of creation is, surely, known to the Constitution." 

(■=) "John M'Liver, Wright, and Agnes Campbell, a L. son, Colin, bo, 
20th Oct. 1792. Witn. Kenneth M'Callum and Duncan Munro." From Reg. of 
birth at Glasgow, kept in Register House, Edinburgh. See N. and Q., 3rd Ser., 
vol. iv, p. 207. 



CLYDE 337 

action), and at Goojerat. K.C.B. 5 June 1849. ^" the Crimean war he 
commanded the Highland brigade; was personally thanked by Lord Raglan 
for his conduct at the battle of the Alma, 20 Sep. 1 8 54, and was entrusted with 
the defence of Balaklava, when he successfully resisted a Russian assault in 
force, 25 Oct. 1854. Major Gen. 1854; Col. of the 67th Foot 1854-58; 
of the 93rd Foot 1858-60; and of the Coldstream Guards i860 till his death; 
Lieut. Gen. 1856; Gen. 1858. He was thanked by Pari., and cr. G.C.B. 
5 July 1855; Inspector Gen. of Infantry 1856-57; cr. D.C.L., Oxford, 
24 June 1857; made free of the city of London Dec. i860. From June 1857 
till i860 he was Commander in Chief in India, where he succeeded in quelling 
the Sepoy mutiny, storming the Dilkoosha Palace and the Secunder Bagh 
at Lucknow in Nov. 1857, which city he finally captured in Mar. 1858, 
completing the re-conquest of the Doab, Rohilcund, and Oude. On 1 6 Aug. 
1858 he was cr. BARON CLYDE OF CLYDESDALE, in Scotland, and 
received (again) the thanks of Pari, in 1859; K.S.I. 25 June i 861 ; and Field 
Marshal in Nov. 1862, on the majority of the Prince of Wales. He was 
also a Grand officer of the French Legion of Honour; a Knight Grand Cross 
of the Sardinian Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, and ist class of the 
Turkish Order of the Medjidie. He d. unm., aged 70, at the Government 
House, Chatham, 14, and was l>ur. 22 Aug. 1863, in Westm. Abbey, when 
his honours became extinct.(^) Will pr. 7 Sep. 1863, under ^'70,000; 
re-sworn, Oct. 1867, under /|ioo,ooo. 



CLYDESDALE 

i.e. "Clydesdale," Marquessate [S.] {Hamilton), cr. 1643 with the 
Dukedom of Hamilton [S.], which see. 



(') The great Marquess of Dalhousie seems to have somewhat underrated his 
capacity. He writes on 7 Apr. 1855, "He was always a very gallant fellow, most 
attentive to his men, active, hale, and well-spirited. I daresay he will now make a 
good divisional officer; but I have known and heard much of him, and I do not 
believe him capable oi high command." "He had an old fashioned fatherly courtesy, 
which, joined to his great reputation, made him very fascinating. . . . He was a very 
remarkable looking man, lionlike in appearance. His grizzled hair stood up stiff and 
curly: hard work, climate and anxiety had ploughed deep furrows in his face, and in 
every line one read power and determination." [Many Memories of many People, by 
M. C. M. Simpson, 1898, p. 103). "In person," says The Times, "Lord Clyde was 
well-knit, symmetrical and graceful . . . To the last his teeth remained full and 
firm in the great square jaws, and his eye pierced the distance with all the force of 
his youthful vision. His crisp grey locks still stood close and thick, curling over the 
head above the wrinkled brow, and there were few of the external signs of the 
decay of nature . . . women admired and men were delighted with the courteous, 
polished, gallant old soldier , . . He rose by the mere force of sterling ability, 
complete knowledge of his profession, sound sense, high honour, and an honest, 
industrious, and laborious performance of duty." V.G. 

43 



338 



COBHAM 
COBHAM 



BARONY BY i. Sir Ralph de Cobham, s. of John de C. (whose 

WRIT. relationship to the other members of that large family is 

unknown), was sum. to Pari, from 30 Dec. (1324) 

I. 1324. 18 Edw. II to 20 Feb. (1324/5) 18 Edw. II, by writs 

directed Radulfo de Cobham^ whereby he is held to have 
become LORD COBHAM. (^) He was a prominent soldier, and held a 
command under the Earl of Richmond at the battle of Byland Abbey in 
Yorkshire, 14 Oct. 1322, where the English were defeated by the Scots 
under Robert Bruce. He m. Mary. He d. 5 Feb. 1325/6. His widow w?., 
as 2nd wife, Thomas (of Brotherton), Earl of Norfolk and Marshal 
OF England, who d. Aug. 1338. She d. 1362, before 20 June. 

II. 1326. 2. John (de Cobham), Lord Cobham, s. and h., b. 

18 Dec. 1324 or 2 Jan. 1324/5, made proof of his age 
12 Aug. (1346) 20 Edw. Ill, and 14 years later was in the wars in France. 
He was commonly called the son of Mary, the Countess Marshal. He was 
never sum. to Pari. He was living (1377-78) i Ric. II.C") 

COBHAM 

BARONY. John Brooke, of Heckington, co. Lincoln, 2nd, but 

1st surv. s. and h. of Sir Henry Cobham,(') otherwise 

I. 1645 Brooke, by Anne, da. of Sir Henry Sutton, of Notts, 

to which Sir Henry was 7th and yst. s. of George (Brooke), 

1660. Lord Cobham, grandfather of the lord who was attainted 

in 1603. He had been knighted before his mother's 

death, Jan. 161 1/2, had, early in life, mortgaged the Heckington estate for 

;^7,ooo, and disposed of all the freehold that remained to him in Kent 

to the Duke of Richmond, the owner of the Cobham estate. M.P. 

for Gatton 16 14, Oxford (borough) 1621-22, Great Bedwin 1625, and 

Appleby 1 640-43. C^) On the death of his cousin, Sir WilHam Brooke, in 

1643 (see post, p. 350), he was the heir male of Henry (Brooke), the 

last Lord Cobham, though not the heir general (on whom all right of 

(^) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

(*") At this date he states that from affection to Edward, Prince of Wales, he had 
made the Crown heir to all his lands after his death. 

{"=) He appears to have been better known as " Cobham." He was h. 5 Feb. 
^537/8j and was on several diplomatic missions. His admon. as "Sir Henry Brooke 
Cobham, Knt., of Sutton at Hone, Kent," is dat. 10 Feb. 1591/2. The will of his 
widow as " Dame Anne Cobham" was dat. 8, and pr. 10 Jan. 161 1/2. 

if) " He seems to have been a weak-minded man, wedded to a very strong- 
minded wife." {Arch. Cant., vol. xi, p. 206). It is curious that such a worthless 
spendthrift should have been so highly favoured. His sister and h., Anne, m. Sir 
Edward Heron, of Cressy Hall, co. Lincoln, and left male issue. 



COBHAM 339 

succession thereto would devolve) of the old Barony of Cobham, cr. by the 
writ of 13 13 issued to Henry Cobham. On 3 Jan. 1644/5, he was cr. 
BARON COBHAM,^ by letters patent at Oxford, in which the King 
"granteth and restoreth him and his heires males to the same dignity with 
all privileges and imunitie thereunto belonging, and that he shall enjoye 
the same place and precedencie as well in Parliament and publique counsells 
as elsewhere within the Kingdome of England which George, late Lord 
Cobham, his Grandfather whilst he lived enjoyed. "('') Hew., istly, before 
2 1 Jan. 1 608/9, Anne, who, probably, was the Anne, wite of Sir John Brooke, 
of the Savoy, Knt., who was bur. 23 Feb. 1625, at Kensington. He w., 
2ndly, before Oct. 1636, (■=) Frances, da. of Sir William Bamfield. He d. 
s.p.s., and was bur. at Wakerley, Northants, 20 May 1660, when his Peerage 
became extinct.(^) His admon. is in the Calendar (but not in the Act Book) 
of June 1659 {sic, but probably a mistake for 1660). His widow was bur. 
at Surfleet, co. Lincoln, 1676. 



n. 1714 I- Richard Temple, of Stowe, co. Buckingham, 

to s. and h. of Sir Richard T., Bart., K.B., by Mary, da. 

1749. of Henry Knapp, of Rawlins, Oxon, was b. 24 Oct., 

znd bap. i Nov. 1675, at St. Paul's, Covent Garden; 
VISCOUNTCY FeUow Commoner of Christ's Coll. Cambridge Oct. 
AND BARONY. 1 694, but did not graduate; became an Ensign in Prince 

George of Denmark's Foot, in 1685; sue. his father in 
I and in. the Baronetcy and the family estates in May 1697; M.P. 

(Whig) for Buckingham, 1 697-1 702; and for Bucks, 
1718. 1 704-oS, and for Buckingham again, 1 708-13. (') Lieut. 

of the town of Buckingham, 1703 ; distinguished himself 
in the Flemish wars and particularly at the siege of Lille in 1708; Col. ot a 
regt. of Foot 1702-10; Brigadier Gen. 1706; Major Gen. 1709; Lieut. 
Gen. 1 7 10; Col. of the 4th Dragoons 17 10-13; was on the accession of 
George I, 19 Oct. 1714, sent Envoy to Vienna, which post he held till 
May 1 71 5. On 19 Oct. 1714,0 he was cr. BARON COBHAM, of 
Cobham, Kent, having, through a series of females, a descent from, though 

(^) As to the only record of this creation see vol. ii, p. 454, note " b," sub Byron. 

('') See Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Report, D.K.P. Records. This 
creation, however, whatever precedency it might command, was unquestionably a 
new one, and the limitation to " heirs male " seems to have been considered tanta- 
mount to heirs male of the body. See vol. vii, Appendix E. 

("=) Baptism at East Barnet; " 1636, Oct. 15, George, s. of Sir John Brooke, alias 
Cobham, and Frances, his wife, b. 11 ." 

^) See tabular pedigree on next page. 

(') He was also elected in 1705 for Buckingham town, but sat for the County. 
As a peer he was one of the leaders of the Whigs who opposed Walpole after 1733. 
V.G. 

This was one of the 14 peerages cr. at the Coronation of George I, for a 
list of which see vol. ii. Appendix F. 



340 



COBHAM 



Pedigree shewing the relationship of the patentees of 1645 and 17 14 to 
the former Lords Cobham (i.e. to those entitled to that dignity, under 
the writ of 13 13) and to each other. 

George (Brooke), Lord Cobham, </. 1558. 



I. 

William, Lord Cob- 
ham, </. I f;97. 



George Brooke, 
2nd son. 



Sir Henry Brooke, otherwise 
Cobham, 7th son, </. 1591. 



Other 



I 



I 

Henry, Lord 

Cobham, at- 
tuinted 1603, 
</././., 161 8/9. 



1 

George 
Brooke, 
attainted 
and be- 
headed 
1603. 



Robert: 
Cecil, 
cr. Earl 
of Sal- 
isbury, 
1605. 



"T" 

: Eliza- 
beth, 
d. 
1596. 



SirThomas: 
Sondes, of 
Throwley, 
Kent, d. 
1592. 



I 

Sir William Brooke, K.B., restored in blood, but 
not to the title of Lord Coeham, d. 1643. 



Mar- 
garet. 



Other 

issue. 



John Brooke, 
created Baron 
Cobham 1645, 
d. i.p., 1660. 



Sir John Leveson, aged: 
5 in 1593, d. v.p. 



Sir William 
Boothby, 
1st Bart.,;/. 
1707. 



:Hill, da. and 
coh., m. 1657, 
2nd wife, d. 
1704. 



Frances, only 
da. and h. 



3 other 
coheirs 
whose 
issue is 
extinct. 



I 

Sir Thomas = Frances, Sir Peter= Christian, 



Gower, 2nd 
Bart., d. 
1672. 



In their numerous issue vests the re- 
presentation of the Barony of Cobham. 



coh. ,2nd 
wife. 



Temple, 
2nd 

Bart., d. 
1653- 



coh., d. 
1655. 



Dukes of 

Suther- 
land. 



Sir Richard Temple, 3rd 
Bart., K.B.,a'. \6()j,bur. 
at Stowe, Bucks. 



. I 

Sir Richard Temple, 

4th Bart., cr.\x\ 1714 
Baron Cobham, and 
(with a spec, rem.) in 
1 71 8, Baron Cob- 
ham and Viscount 
Cobham. He d. s.p., 
»7+9- 



Richard: 
Gren- 
ville, d. 
1726/7. 



I 

Heiter, luojure. 

Viscountess 
Cobham, ^c. 
[17>8]. ^r. 
1749, Count- 
ess Temple, 
^ 1752. 



SirThomas: 
Lyttelton, 
4th Bart., 
d. 1751- 



See text. 



"~~T 

Christian,whose 
issue inherited 
(1889) the Vis- 

COUNTCy OF 

Cobham, ^c. 
[1718]. Shea'. 
1748. 



Other issue 
not in rem. 
to the Cob- 
ham peer- 
age. 



Barons Lyttelton, er. 1757, extinct 1779. 
Barons Lyttelton, cr. 1794, Repreieitatiz'es. 



COBHAM 



341 



no representation of, the Lords Cobham.(*) He was Col. of the Royal 
I St regt. of Dragoons, 171 5-21; P.C. 6 July 171 6; Constable of Windsor 
Castle, 1716-23. On 23 May 171 8 he was cr. BARON COBHAM of 
Cobham, Kent, and VISCOUNT COBHAM, with a spec, rem., failing 
the heirs male of his body, of those dignities to his 2nd sister, Hester 
Grenville, and the heirs male of her body, failing which, to his 3rd sister, 
Dame Christian Lyttelton, in like manner. He was Col. of the King's Own 
Horse (now ist Dragoon Guards), 1721-33; Gov. of Jersey, 1723 till his 
death; Lord Lieut, of Bucks, 1728-38; Gen. in the Army, 1735; Col. ist 
Horse Gren. Guards, 1742-44; Field Marshal, 1742; Col. 6th Horse, 
1744-45; Col. loth Dragoons (now 5th Dragoon Guards), 1745 till his 
death; Ranger of Windsor Forest. He m. Anne, da. of Edmund Halsey 
(" a considerable brewer "), of Southwark, Surrey, and Stoke Pogis, Bucks. 
He d. s.p. 13, and was bur. 18 Sep. I749,(*') at Stowe, when the Barony of 
Cobham, cr. 17 14, became extinct.^") Will dat. 8 June 1748, pr. 13 Oct. 
1749. His widow d. 20 Mar. 1760. Will dat. 28 Oct. 1759, pr. 9 Apr. 
i76o.(^) 



II and IV. 2. Hester, suo jure. Viscountess Cobham 

AND Baroness Cobham [17 18], 2nd surv. sister 
1749. and coh., being h. to the abovenamed dignities 

under the spec. rem. in the creation thereof. 
Within 6 months of her succession thereto, she was, on 18 Oct. 
1749, cr. COUNTESS TEMPLE, with rem. of that dignit>' to 
the heirs male of her body. She m., in 17 10, Richard Grenville, 
of Wootton, Bucks, who d. 17 Feb. 1726/7, aged 48. She d. 
6 Oct. 1752. 

III and V. 3. Richard (Grenville, afterwards Gren- 

ville-Temple), Earl Temple, Viscount Cobham 
1752. AND Baron Cobham, s. and h., b. 26 Sep. 171 1, 

d. s.p., 1 1 Sep. 1779. 





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IV and VI. 4. George (Grenville, afterwards Nugent-Temple- 

Grenville), Earl Temple, Viscount Cobham and Baron 
1779. Cobham, nephew and h., being s. and h. of the Rt. Hon. 

George Grenville, next br. to the last named Peer, b. 
17 June 1753. He was cr. MARQUESS OF BUCKINGHAM, in the 
CO. of Buckingham, on 4 Dec. 1784. He d. 11 Feb. 18 13. See fuller 
account under "Buckingham" (town), Marquessate of, cr. 1784, and 
"Buckingham and Chandos," Dukedom of, cr. 1822. 



(*) See tabular pedigree on preceding page. 

(") Mrs. Pendarves (afterwards Delany) writes of him in 1738/9, "that thin 
decayed carcase of his contains a spirit that is surprising." V.G. 

(■=) His eldest sister and coh., Mary, m., istly, Richard West, D.D., and 2ndiy, 
Sir John Langham, 4th Bart., of Cottesbrooke, who d. May 1 747. She d. 1 6 Nov. 1 763. 



342 

V and VII. 



COBHAM 



5. Richard (Temple-Nugent-Brydges- 
Chandos-Grenville), Marquess of Bucking- 
18 13. HAM, Earl Temple, Viscount Cobham and 

Baron Cobham, also Earl Nugent [I.], s. and 
h., b. 20 Mar. 1 776. On 4 Feb. 1 822 he was cr. EARL TEMPLE 
OF STOWE, CO. Buckingham (with a spec, rem.), and (without 
such rem.) MARQUESS OF CHANDOS and DUKE OF 
BUCKINGHAM AND CHANDOS. He ^. 17 Jan. 1839. 

VI and VIII. 6. Richard Plantagenet (Temple-Nu- 

gent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville), Duke of 

1839. Buckingham and Chandos, i^c. Viscount 

Cobham, Baron Cobham, Csfc, only s. and h., 

b. 1 1 Feb. 1797; d. 29 July 1861. 



VII and IX. 



1861. 






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7. Richard Plantagenet Campbell (Tem- 
ple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville), 
Duke of Buckingham and Chandos [1822], 
Marquess of Buckingham [1784], Marquess 
OF Chandos [1822], Earl Temple [1749], Earl Temple of 
Stowe [1822], Viscount Cobham and Baron Cobham [1718], 
also Earl Nugent [I., 1786], and also Lord Kinloss [S., 1602], 
only s. and h. He was b. 10 Sep. 1823. He d. s.p.ni., 26 Mar. 
1889, when the Dukedom and most of his other honours became 
extinct, but the BarOny of Kinloss passed to his da., the Earldom 
of Temple of Stowe to his sister's son, and the Barony of Cobham 
to Lord Lyttelton. 

VIII and X. 8. Charles George (Lyttelton), Viscount Cobham 

and Baron Cobham [17 18], Lord Lyttelton, Baron 
1889. OF Frankley, [1794], also Baron Westcote of Bally- 

more in the peerage of Ireland [1776], also a Baronet 
[16 1 8], cousin to the above, being s. and h. of George William (Lyttelton), 
4th Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley, ^c, by his ist wife, Mary, 
2nd and yst. da. of Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, 8th Bart., which George 
(who d. 18 Apr. 1876, aged 59) was s. and h. of the 3rd Baron (d. 30 Apr. 
1837, aged 55), yr. s. but eventually h. of the ist Baron {d. 14 Sep. 1808, 
aged 83), 4th s. but eventually h. male of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Bart. 
(d. 14 Sep. 1751), by Christian, yr. sister of Richard (Temple), ist Viscount 
AND Baron Cobham, who had been so <:r. [1718] with a spec. rem. in favour 
of the heirs male of the bodies of his sisters, Hester (wife of Richard Gren- 
ville), and the said Christian. He was b. 27 Oct. 1842, at Hagley Park, 
CO. Worcester; ed. at Eton and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, B.A., 1864, 
M.A., 1867; was M.P. (Liberal) for East Worcestershire, 1 868-74; (^) sue. 



(*) Remaining a Unionist, as did nine-tenths of the Liberal peers, he became 
separated from his party. Of his brothers, Sir Neville Gerald L., G.C.B., has served 



COBHAM 343 

his father as Baron Lyttelton, &fc., i8 Apr. 1876; Land Commr., 1881- 
89. Though he sue. to the Viscountcy and Barony of Cobham, 26 Mar. 
1889, he was not introduced, as such, till 8 Apr. 1897. Railway Commr., 
1891-1905; Trustee of the Nat. Portrait Gallery since 1893; Dep. Chair- 
man of the Great Western Railway 1 890-9 1.(^) He m., 19 Oct. 1878, 
at Latimer Church, Mary Susan Caroline, 2nd da. of William George (Caven- 
dish), 2nd Baron Chesham, by Henrietta Frances, da. of the Rt. Hon. 
William Saunders Sebright Lascelles. She was />. 19 Mar. 1853, at Bur- 
lington House. 

[John Cavendish Lyttelton, ist s. and h. ap., l>. 23 Oct. 1881; 
ed. at Eton; sometime Lieut. Rifle Brigade; served in S. Africa I902;('') 
was Assist, private Sec. to the Earl of Selborne in that Colony. M.P. (Lib. 
Unionist) for the Droitwich div. of Worcestershire since Jan. 19 10. He m., 
30 June 1908, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., Violet, yr. da. of Charles Leonard, 
of 1 8 Kensington Palace Gardens, and of Gloria, Cape Colony.] 

COBHAM (of Kent)(') 

BARONY BY i. Henry de Cobham, s. and h. of John de C, of 

WRIT. Cobham and Cowling, Kent (d'. 1300, before 30 Mar.), 

, Constable of Rochester and one of the Barons of the 

I T -7 T '7 

■^ •^' Exchequer, by his ist wife, Joan, da. and coh. of Sir 

Robert de Septvans, had livery of his father's lands 
10 May 1300, being then aged 40, in which year (as again 131 1-15) he was in 
the expedition to Scotland; Constable of Rochester, for life, 1303/4; as 
"Henry de Cobham junior " he was Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden 
of the Cinque Ports, 13 1 5-1 6. ('^) He was sum. to Pari, from 8 Jan. (13 12/3), 
6 Edw. II to 22 Jan. {i]i3S/^) 9 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Henrico i^e Cobham^ 
whereby he is held to have become LORD COBHAM. (') He sided with 
Edward II against the rebellious Barons, and presided at Canterbury at the 
arraignment of Lord Badlesmere as a traitor in 1322. Governor of Tonbridge 
Castle, 1324. He w., before July 1285, when she was living, Maud, widow 

with distinction in S. Africa and elsewhere, and has been Governor of Chelsea Hospital 
since 191 2; Arthur Temple L. was Bishop of Southampton till his death, 19 Feb. 
1903; Edward has been Head Master of Eton since 1905; and Alfred was Sec. for the 
Colonies 1903-05. V.G. 

(^) Both he and his youngest br. Alfred have been first class tennis players. V.G. 

C') For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who have served in this war, see 
Appendix B to this volume. 

{^) See articles by J. G. Waller on " the Lords of Cobham " in the Archaologia 
Cantiana, vol. xi, pp. 49-112, and vol. xii, pp. 113-166. 

('') A Henry de Cobham was Warden from Oct. 1306 to 1307, but this was 
probably his uncle Henry of Rundale, see post, p. 351, note "b " ; but the identifica- 
tion of the holder of the office either in 1306 or 131 5 is not certain. V.G. 

(*) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 



344 COBHAM 

of Matthew de Columbers, da. of Eudes de Moreville. He d. 25 Aug. 
1339, aged 79, at Hache, and was bur. in the Beauchamp chapel at Stoke- 
under-Hamden, Somerset. 

II. 1339. 2. John (de Cobham), Lord Cobham, s. and h., 

knighted before 1326/7; M.P. for Kent, 1326/7, 1330, 
1332, I335> '^?)2iSl^i ^'■"i 1336/7; Constable of Rochester, jointly with 
his father, for their lives, 1334; Admiral of the Fleet from the Thames west- 
ward 1335. He was sum. to a Council, 12 Sep. and 12 Nov. (1342) 
16 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 24 Nov. (1350) 24 Edw. Ill to 15 Mar. 
(1355) 29 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Johanni de Cobham. In 1354 he 
received, doubtless for his military prowess, the dignity of Banneret, with 
an annuity of 100 marks to support the same. He w., istly, in 13 14, 
Joan, da. of Sir John Beauchamp [ist Lord Beauchamp of Somerset], 
of Hache, Somerset, by Joan his wife. She was living I343.(^) He m.., 
2ndly, Agnes, da. of Richard Stone, of Dartford. He d. 25 Feb. 1354/5, 
and was bur. in Cobham Church. M.I. 



III. 1355. 3- John (de Cobham), Lord Cobham, s. and h. by 

1st wife, was sum. to Pari. 20 Sep. (1355) 29 Edw. Ill, by 
writ directed Johanni de Cobeham, znd from 24 Feb. (1368) 42 Edw. Ill to 
18 July (1397) 21 Ric. II, with the addition of the description de Kent, and 
from 19 Aug. (1399) 23 Ric. II to 9 Feb. (1406) 7 Hen. IV, by writs 
directed Johanni de Cobeham chivakr.(^) He served in various French 
expeditions, 1359 to 1376, being made a Banneret in 1370, while, as a 
Statesman, he was twice appointed to mediate with the French and once with 
the Flemings. In 1386 he was one of the 14 Commissioners who formed a 
Council of Regency,('') and was one of the Lords appointed to examine into 
the state of the King's Court; and in 1388 one of the Lords Appellant who 
impeached de la Pole, de Veer, and others, the King's favourites. He sat 
as a member of the Court of Chivalry, both in 1 3 8 9 and 1392. He was im- 
peached in Jan. 1397/8, at Shrewsbury, for his part in the Commission of 
1388, and condemned to be hanged, but pardoned on condition of banish- 
ment to Jersey, whence he returned within two years at the accession of 
Henry IV. He m., when a minor, and apparently very young, in 1332-33, 
Margaret, ist da. of Hugh (Courtenay), Earl of Devon, by Margaret, 
da. of Humphrey (de Bohun), Earl of Hereford, and granddaughter of 
Edward I. She d. 2 Aug. 1385, and was bur. at Cobham. Brass and 
M.I. He d. s.p.m., at an advanced age (74 years after his marriage) 

(*) She was not improbably bur. in Rochester Cathedral. See Arch. Cant., 
vol. xi, p. 56. 

C") There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

if) This Council, appointed by the " Wonderful Parliament," included the 
Dukes of York and Gloucester, the Earl of Arundel, Richard, Lord Scrope, and John, 
Lord Devereux. V.G. 



COBHAM 345 

lO Jan. 1407/8. (*) His brass, probably set up in his lifetime, is In 
Cobham Church, but he was bur. at the Grey Friars, London. C") 

IV. 1408. 4. Joan, suo jure Baroness Cobham, granddaughter 

and h., being da. and h. of Sir John de la Pole, of 
Chrishall, Essex (s. of Sir William de la Pole, of Castle Ashby), by Joan, 
only child of John, Lord Cobham abovenamed, which last named Joan 
(who ;;;. in 1362, cont. dat. 21 Oct.) d. v.p., about 1388. At an early age 
she »/., istly, before Nov. i38o,('') Sir Robert Hemenhale, of Norfolk, who 
d. 1 39 1, and was bur. in Westm. Abbey. She m.y 2ndly, Sir Reynold 
Braybroke, who d. s.p.m.s., at Middleburg on the Scheldt, 20 Sep. 1405, 
and was bur. in Cobham Church. Brass and M.I. She w., 3rdly, within a 
year of his death, as 2nd wife. Sir Nicholas Hawberk, who d. (leaving 
by her a son, John, who d. an infant) 9 Oct. 1407, and was bur. in Cobham 
Church. Brass and M.I. Within 3 months of his death she sue. her 
grandfather. She w., 4thly, as 3rd wife, before 18 July 1408, Sir John 
Oldcastell, who (probably in consequence of this marriage,('') but with- 
out any designation which would prove such to have been the case) was sum. to 
Pari, from 26 Oct. (1409) 1 1 Hen. IV to 22 Mar. (1413/4) 2 Hen. V,(*) by, 
writs directed Johanni Oldcastell Chh\ whereby he is held to have become 
LORD OLDCASTELL. See fuller account under that title. He was 
hanged in St. Giles's Fields,(') 25 Dec. 141 7, as a heretic and a traitor. 
She OT., 5thly, Sir John Harpeden, who survived her for 24 years, and d. 
1458, being bur. in Westm. Abbey. Brass and M.I. there. She d. s.p.m.s., 
13 Jan. 1433/4, and was bur. in Cobham Church. Brass and M.I.(s) 

(*) A tabular pedigree shewing the relationship of the eight persons (some of them 
his 4th cousins) of the name of Cobham, on whom he entailed his estate, failing the 
heirs of his body, is printed in Arch. Cant., vol. xi, p. 81. 

C") "In tumba elevata jacet D'nus Joh'es Cobham Baro de com. Kancie." See 
Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. v, p. 387. He is described by Walsingham as "vir grandaevus 
simplex et rectus." He is famous as a Founder, a Warrior, and a Statesman. In 
1362 he founded a perpetual chantry or College at Cobham; later on, he repaired 
and sumptuously decorated the church of Cobham, and put a new roof on that of 
Cowling, and finally, 1380-85, he built the well fortified Castle of Cowling. 

("=) By him she had a s., William, who d. s.p., after 1 391. 

{^) It should be noted that he was the only one of her 5 husbands so sum- 
moned. V.G. 

(■=) In the proceedings against him in Pari, in 141 7, he is styled " Dominum 
Joh'em Oldcastell, Militem, Dominum de Cobham," and in the paper, read 23 Sep. 
141 3, declaring his faith, he styles himself "John Oldcastle, Knight, and Lord 
Cobham." 

According to Foxe's Martyrs, he was " roasted " in January. V.G. 

(8) In this brass her 2nd husband only (by whom only, apparently, she had sur- 
viving issue) is commemorated. On the brass are no less than 6 sons and 4 daughters, 
besides 6 coats of arms, the last being those of her son-in-law, viz. Brooke impaling 
Cobham. These are fully described by J. G. Waller in the Jrch. Cant. All the 
brasses at Cobham are well represented in Belcher's Kentish Brasses, as also (in smaller 
size) in the Jrch. Cant., vols, xi and xii. 

44 



346 COBHAM 

V. 1434. 5. Joan, apparently, sua jure Baroness Cobham, only 

surv.('') da. and h. (by the 2nd husband, Sir Reynold 
Braybroke), was, at her mother's death, wife of Sir Thomas Brooke, of 
Brooke, Somerset, and of Holdich in Thorncombe, Devon, her marr. settl. 
having been dat. 20 Feb. 1409/10. He was 26 years old, Jan. 141 7/8, 
when he iuc. his father, another Sir Thomas Brooke; was M.P. for 
Somerset, 1417, 1421, 1422, and 1427. He was knighted between 1416 
and 142 1, and appears, y«r? uxoris, to have been considered LORD COB- 
HAM. Will, in which he styles himself" Thomas Brook, Knight, and Lord 
of Cobham," dat. 12 Feb. 1438. C") He d. 1439, '^"•^ "^^^ ^^''' ^^ Thorn- 
combe, Devon. M.L His wife survived him. 

VL 1443? 6. Edward Brooke, Lord Cobham, s. and h.; M.P. 

for Somerset 1442; he was sum. to Pari, from 13 Jan. 
(1444/5) ^3 Hen. VI to 28 Feb. (1462/3) 2 Edw. IV, by writs (') directed 
Edwardo Broke de Cobham Chivaler. He was a staunch Yorkist; fought at 
St. Albans, 23 May 1455, and took part in the solemn procession to St. Paul's, 
London, and was at the battle of Northampton, 10 July 1460. He m. 
Elizabeth, da. of James (Tuchet), Lord Audley, by his 2nd wife, Eleanor,^) 
illegit. da. of Thomas (Holand), Earl of Kent. He d. 1464, before 8 Nov., 
when his widow Joan \_sic\ had pardon for having m. without lie. Christopher 
WoRSLEY, " the King's servant.''^) 

VII. 1464. 7. John (Brooke), Lord Cobham, s. and h. He was 

a minor 10 Dec. 1467, when his custody and marriage 
were granted to Edward Neville, the King's uncle. He was sum. to 
Parl.('=) from 19 Aug. (1472) 12 Edw. IV to 28 Nov. (151 1) 3 Hen. VIII. 
He attended the Coronation of Richard III, 6 July 1483,0 from whom he 
received several grants. (s) He was employed by Henry VI I (1491-92) in an 
expedition into Flanders, and on 24 June 1497 (with Lord Abergavenny) 
defeated the Cornish insurrection at Blackheath, where his cousin. Lord 
Audley (afterwards executed), was taken prisoner. He w., istly, Eleanor, 

{f) " Henry Oldcastle, son and heir of John, Lord Cobham," is mentioned in 
Patent Roll, 7 Hen. VI, but this appears to have been one of Sir John's four children 
by a previous wife. By Joan, Lady Cobham, he had, apparently, but one child, Joan, 
a da., who d. young. 

1^) It is printed in Furnivall's Fifty Earliest English IVills, 1 387-1439. 

('^) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

(f) See as to her parentage, The Genealogist, N.S., vol. xxviii, part I, p. 62. 

(e) Patent Roll, 8 Nov. 1464. V.G. 

For a list of the 35 peers there present, see note sub Humphrey, Lord 
Dacre (of Gillesland) [1473]. 

(8) He is wrongly stated {Materials illustrative of the reign of Hen. Vll, vol. ii, 
p. 282) to have been Steward of the King's Household and Receiver General of 
the Duchy of Cornwall 15 Mar. 1487/8. The man who held this post was Robert, 
1st Lord Willoughby (of Broke). V.G. 



COBHAM 347 

da. of ( — ) Austell, of Suffolk. She d. s.p. He ;«., 2ndly, Margaret, da. 
of Edward (Nevill), Lord Abergavenny, by his 2nd wife, Katherine, 
da. of Sir Robert Howard. She d. 30 Sep. 1 506, and was bur. at 
Cobhain. Brass and M.I. He d. 9 Mar. 151 1/2. 

VIII. 1512. 8. Thomas (Brooke), Lord Cobham, s. and h. by 

2nd wife, had livery of his father's lands 29 May 15 12. 
He was sum. to Pari, from 23 Nov. (15 14) 6 Hen. VIII (^) to 15 Apr. (1523) 
14 Hen. VIII. He took part in the wars with France; was at the siege of 
Tournay, and at the "battle of Spurs," 18 Aug. 15 13; was made Knight 
Banneret by the King in 15 14; was at the " Field of the Cloth of Gold" 
in i52o;('') one of the 12 Barons for the trial of the Duke of Buckingham 
1 52 1, and in 1525 was one of the Commissioners for the co. of Kent to 
levy the arbitrary assessment imposed by the Royal prerogative. He »?., 
istly, Dorothy, da. of Sir Henry Heydon, of Baconsthorpe, by Anne, da. 
of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, by whom he had 13 children. He m., 2ndly, 
Dorothy Southwell, widow, who d. s.p. He «?., 3rdly, Elizabeth Hart, 
by whom he had no issue. He d. 19 July 1529, and was bur. at Cobham. 
Brass and M.I.(') Will, not signed, but to which he set his "scale of 
armes," dat. 7 July 1529, registered (no probate) 1530. His widow was 
living 31 Mar. 1552. 

IX. 1529. 9. George (Brooke), Lord Cobham, 2nd but ist 

surv. s. and h., by ist wife, was b. about 1497. He 
attended with his father at the marriage in France, 1514, of the Princess 
Mary with Louis XII. In July 1523 he was knighted in the French war, 
after the taking of Morlaix, by the Earl of Surrey. He was sum. to Pari, 
from 2 Nov. (1529) 21 Hen. VIII to 20 Jan. (1557/8) 4 and 5 Ph. et 
Mar., by writs directed Georgia Brooke de Cobham. He had lie. of entry 

(^) In a list fabricated by Dugdale, which appears in his Summonses, pp. 491-2, 
his father's name "John" is given instead of his own "Thomas." As to this mis- 
leading concoction of Dugdale's, one among many, see note sub II Lord Willoughby 
of Broke. V.G. 

C') For a list of those present on this occasion see vol. vi, Appendix B. 

(■=) Wherein he is described as "cousin and heir of Sir Richard Beauchamp, Kn*," 
so that, apparently, he must have inherited some considerable property in right of such 
cousinship. This Richard (Beauchamp), Lord St. Amand, was s. and h. of Sir 
William Beauchamp [d. 1457), ^7 Elizabeth, the only child that had issue of Gerard 
Braybroke, who was only s. and h. ap. of Sir Gerard Braybroke, by Eleanor de St. 
Amand (the only child that had issue of Lord St. Amand), the issue of which 
last-named couple came to an end on the death, s.p. legit., of the abovenamed 
"Sir Richard Beauchamp, Knt." (Lord St. Amand), their great-grandson, in 1 508. 
Through this Richard's mother (Elizabeth Braybroke), the Lords Cobham thus 
became "his heir," being descendants of Sir Reynold Braybroke, and Joan, sua jure 
Baroness Cobham (No. IV), as set forth in the text, the said Reynold being next br. 
to the said Sir Gerard Braybroke, who m. the heiress of St. Amand as aforesaid. 
See pedigree of Braybroke in Howard's Misc. Gen. et Her., N.S., vol. ii, p. 72. 



348 



COBHAM 



on his father's lands 30 June 1530, without proof of age. In 1536 he was 
one of the 27 Peers for the trial of Queen Anne Boleyn. In 1546 was 
Lieut. Gen., under the Earl of Hertford, against the Scots: and shortly 
afterwards was Deputy of Calais; nom. K.G. 24 Apr., and inst. 13 Dec. 1549; 
P.C. 23 May 1550. Like other courtiers, he had large grants of ecclesiastical 
lands, including those of the College of Cobham. He was one of the 4 lay 
Peers for the trial of the Protector Somerset: and was, in 1551, Lieut. Gen. 
of the forces sent into the north. He was one of the 26 Peers who signed 
the letters patent, 16 June 1553, settling the Crown on Lady Jane Grey,(") 
but acquiesced in Queen Mary's proclamation. He was held to be implicated 
in Wyatt's rebellion(in which his yr. son Thomas hadjoined), and was arrested, 
but was (with his ist son William) one of the seven whose pardon was ex- 
torted from the Queen by the Council. He received Cardinal Pole at Cowling 
Castle (in his progress), 23 Nov. 1555, and in 1556 was on the commission 
to enquire about heretics. He m., before 1526, Anne, ist da. of Edmund 
(Braye), Lord Braye, by Jane, da. and h. of Sir Richard Halighwell, 
which Anne was one of the six sisters and coheirs of John, Lord Braye, 
who d. s.p., 19 Nov. 1557. By her he had 10 sons and 4 daughters. He, 
who was of Cowhng, Kent, d. 29 Sep. 1558, aged 61. Inq. p. m. 20 Jan. 
1558/9. M.I. (on a magnificent tomb) at Cobham, commemorating his 
"defence of the Gospel," erected in 1561. Will dat. 13 Jan. 1557/8, 
signed "George Cobham," pr. 6 Dec. 1560. His widow d. a few weeks 
after him, i Nov. 1558, and was bur. at Cobham. Will dat. 7 Oct. i558.('') 

X. 1558. 10. William (Brooke), Lord Cobham, ist s. and h., 

b. I Nov. 1527. At the age of 13 he was affianced in 
marriage, and was sent to travel. M.P. for Hythe i 547-52; for Rochester 
1555. In 1559, he was found one of the coheirs of Jane, Baroness Braye. 
He was sum. to Pari, from 5 Nov. (1558) 5 and 6 Ph. et Mar. to 19 Feb. 
(1592/3) 35 Eliz. ; was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Constable of 
Dover, and Lord Lieut, of Kent, 1558-96. In Nov. 1558, he was sent to 
Brussels to announce to Philip of Spain the death of Queen Mary, his Consort. 
He received Queen Elizabeth at Cobham Hall, in her progress, July 1559, 
and again in Sep. 1573. In 1578, and again in 1588, was on an embassy to 
the Spanish Governor of the Netherlands ; P.C. on or before 1 2 Feb. 1585/6; 
nom. K.G. 23 Apr. 1584, inst. 14 Apr. 1585. Custos of Eltham Palace and 
Park, 1592. Lord Chamberlain, Aug. 1596 till his death. He nt., istly, 
Dorothy, da. of George (Nevill), Lord Abergavenny, by his 3rd wife, 
Mary, da. of Edward (Stafford), Duke of Buckingham. She d. s.p.m.^ at 
Cobham, 22 Sep., and was bur. there 3 Oct. 1559. He 7K.,2ndly, 25 Feb. 
1559/60, at Westm. Palace (the bride being one of the ladies of the Bed- 
chamber), Frances, da. of Sir John Newton (otherwise Cradock), of co. 
Gloucester, by Margaret, da. of Sir Anthony Poyntz. She d. 17 Oct. 1592, 

(*) For a list of these see note sub Edward, Earl of Derby [1521]. 

(*) For abstract thereof see Hht. MSS. Com.^ Salisbury MSS., vol. i, p. 147. V.G. 



COBHAM 349 

at Cobham, and was bur. there. (") Fun. certif. in the Coll. of Arms. The 
death (24 Jan. 1596/7) of his da. Elizabeth, wife of the celebrated Robert 
Cecil, affected him much, and he himself d. 6 Mar. 1596/7, and was bur. 
in Cobham Church.C") Will dat. 24 Feb. and sealed i Mar. 1596/7, pr. 
23 May 1597. 



XL 1597 II. Henry (Brooke), Lord Cobham, 2nd but ist 

to surv. s. and h. by 2nd wife,(°) was b. 22 Nov. 1564, at 

1603. Cobham Hall. M.P. for Kent 1588-89; for Hedon 

1593. He was sum. to Pari, from 24 Oct. (1597) 39 Eliz. 
to 27 Oct. (1602) 44 Eliz. Warden of the Cinque Ports, 1597 to July 1603. 
Nom. K.G. 23 Apr., and inst. 6 June 1599. He sumptuously entertained 
the Queen at his house at Blackfriars, 16 June i6oo.(*') He was arrested 
in July 1603, together with his br., George Brooke, Sir Walter Raleigh, 
Sir Griffin Markham, and Lord Grey of Wilton, as being involved in a 
plot against the King, called '■'■the treason of the Maine.(^) His dastardly 
behaviour at his trial is well known. He was condemned to death, and 
attainted^ when his honours became forfeited.i^ His execution, however, 
was never carried out, and he was, on 15 Dec. 1603, re-committed to the 
Tower of London, where he remained for the rest of his life, except that 
he was allowed to visit Bath for his health in 16x8. He m. (cont. 
27 May 1 601), Frances, widow of Henry (FitzGerald), Earl of 
KiLDARE [L], 2nd da. of Charles (Howard), ist Earl of Nottingham, by 
his 1st wife, Katherine, da. of Henry (Cary), Baron Hunsdon. She took 
no notice whatever of her husband after his trial, but lived in solitary state 
at Cobham Hall,(s) which, with other his lands, had, on 1 3 May 1 604, 

(*) It appears from a letter in Cecil's Secret Correspondence, p. 68, that Lord Cobham 
did not live on good terms with his ist wife, and the same writer says of his 2nd wife, 
"whom never woman loved or will love besides herself." V.G. 

C") He added greatly to Cobham Hall, refounded the College at Cobham for the 
good of the poor, and was also a great patron of literature. 

(■=) His elder br., Maximilian, was b. at the Blackfriars, London, 4, and hap. 
6 Dec. 1560, at Westm. Palace, the Queen (who was present), William (Parr), 
Marquess of Northampton, and the " Younge Erie of Arundell " being the sponsors. 
He, who had good abilities, d. unm. and v.p., at Naples, 5 Dec. 1583, aged 23, and 
was bur. there. 

(^) " But one degree from a fool." (Weldon's James I). " A worthless mortal 
known to have neither honour, virtue, principle or veracity." [Carte, as quoted in 
Brydges' Peers, temp. James I). 

(") The main plot (so called to be distinguished from the bye plot) was alleged 
to be to kill "the King and his cubs" and to place Arabella Stuart on the throne. 

(') On 16 Feb. 1 603/4 his achievement as K.G. was taken down and kicked 
out of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. See a list of Knights of the Garter who 
have been degraded, in vol. ii. Appendix B. 

(8) The reversion of this noble mansion was granted by James I to his cousin, 
Ludovic (Stuart), Duke of Richmond, in whose family it remained till the death of 



350 COBHAM 

been granted to her for life by the King. He d. s.p., 24 Jan. 16 18/9, in the 
Tower, or hard by in the Minories.(*) His widow, who was b. before 
1572, was bur. in Westm. Abbey, 11 July 1628. Will dat. 21 June, 
pr. 8 July 1628. The peerage had h&en forfeited, as afsd., in 1603. 



William Brooke, who but for the attainder would have been Lord 
CoBHAM, and who, occasionally, has been so designated, nephew and h., 
being s. and h. of George Brooke (attainted and executed for high treason, 
at Winchester, and bur. in the Cathedral there, 5 Dec. 1603), by Elizabeth, 
da. ofThomas (Burgh or Borough), Lord Burgh (ofGainsborough),which 
George Brooke was br. to the last Lord Cobham. He was b. 1 598, and by 
Act of Pari. (16 10) 7 Jac. I, was restored \n blood and to some small portion 
of the estate at Cowling and elsewhere, but a clause was added that he 
should not claim any of the property of his father or of his uncle Henry, 
Lord Cobham,and that he was "not to enjoy the title of Lord Cobham without 
the King's special grace," which was never vouchsafed to him. He was 
K.B., I Feb. 1625/6, at the Coronation of Charles I, and was M.P. for 
Rochester, 1628-29. He m., istly, Pembroke, da. of Henry (Lennard), 
Lord Dacre, by Chrysogona, da. of Sir Richard Baker, of Sissinghurst, 
Kent. He w., 2ndly, before 1 642, Penelope, da. of Sir Moyses Hill, of 
Hillsborough, co. Down, Provost Marshal of Ulster, by his i st wife, Alice, 
sister of Sorley Boye MacDonnel. He d. s.p.m., from wounds received 
when fighting against the King, at the first battle of Newbury, 20 Sep. 
1643, when the right to the Barony, subject to the attainder, fell into 
abeyance^') between his 4 daughters and coheirs.(°) His widow, to whom 



Katharine (Stuart), sua jure Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold, when it passed 
(with that title, which see) to her descendants, who still possess it, together with the 
Earldom of Darnley [I.]. 

[^) "Died in a room ascended by a ladder at a poor woman's house in the 
Minories, rather of hunger than any more natural disease." (Osborne's Court of 
fames /, vol. i, p. 156). V.G. 

C") The resuscitation of the title in 1645 in the person of the heir male must be 
considered a new dignity, in spite of the precedency clause therein contained. 

("=) These were (i) Pembroke (by the ist wife), who m. Matthew Tomlinson 
(who d. 5 Nov. 1681) and d. 10 June 1683, and was bur. at East Mailing, Kent, her 
issue becoming extinct in 1703. (2) Hill (by the 2nd wife), who w., 6 Apr. 1657 
(as his 2nd wife). Sir William Boothby, Bart., and d. 14 May 1704, aged 68 {hur. at 
Ashbourne, co. Derby), leaving issue. (3) Margaret, ot. 25 May 1665 (as his 2nd 
wife), Sir John Denham, K.B., the Poet. She d. s.p. 6, and was bur. 9 Jan. 1666/7, 
at St. Margaret's, Westm. (4) Frances, who w., istly, before May 1665, Sir Thomas 
Whitmore, K.B., who d. 1682, and 2ndly, Matthew Harvey, of Twickenham, Midx., 
who d. 1693. She d. 1690, and her issue was extinct in 1694. Of these sisters, 
the 3 younger, daughters of the 2nd wife, were by royal warrant, 19 May 1665, 
raised to the precedency which they would have enjoyed had their father sue. to the 
Barony of Cobham. This favour was probably obtained by Sir John Denham, who, 
within a few days, m. one of these coheirs. It was not extended to the eldest sister, 



COBHAM 351 



and to whose children by him the Pari., in 1647, voted ^,4,000, ?«. the 
Hon. Edward Russell (s. of Francis, 4th Earl of Bedford), who d. 
21 Sep., and was bur. 19 Oct. 1665, at Chenles, Bucks. She was bur. there 
12 July 1694. 



COBHAM (of Rundale) 

BARONY BY i. Stephen de Cobham, of Rundale and Alington, 
WRIT. Kent, 2nd, hut ist surv.^) s. and h. of Sir Henry de 

C.jC') of Rundale, Kent {d. about 13 16), Warden of 
I. 1326. the Cinque Ports, by Joan {b. in or before 1269, d. 

1 3 14/5), one of the 2 daughters and coheirs of Stephen 



whose husband, Col. Matthew Tomlinson, was one of Cromwell's " House of 
Lords," and indeed one of the Regicides. See vol. iv. Appendix G, no. 56. The 
representation therefore of the Barony of Cobham, after 1703, devolved on the issue 
of Dame Hill Boothby, the 2nd da., alone. Her representatives, "in 1837 were 
Robert Thorp, M.D., Disney Alexander, M.D., Mrs. Lucy Cockerell, and Miss 
Harriet Lund." {Courthope). G.E.C. 

The Barony was claimed in 191 2 (with the baronies of Strathbogie and Burgh) 
by Col. Alexander Henry Leith, of Freefield and Glenkindie, senior coheir of the 
said Robert (Disney) Thorpe, by Dr. Reginald Gervase Alexander, of Bradford and 
Halifax, as heir of Disney Alexander, and by Cuthbert Matthias Kenworthy, of 
London, as representative of the Lund coheirship. The Committee for Privileges of 
the House of Lords reported 

1. That the Barony of Cobham is an ancient Barony in fee. 

2. That Henry de Cobham who was summoned to Parliament by a writ dated the 
8th January 6 Edward II (13 13) was entitled to a Barony by Writ descendible to the 
heirs general of his body. 

3. That Henry Brooke loth Lord Cobham and his brother and heir George Brooke 
were attainted of high treason in or about the year 1603. 

4. That but for the said attainders Sir William Brooke Knight the son and heir 
of the said George Brooke would have been the sole heir to the Barony of Cobham. 

5. That if the said Barony of Cobham had descended to the said Sir William Brooke 
it would upon his death in or before the year 1643 have fallen into abeyance among 
his four daughters and coheirs [as given above]. 

6. That the issue of all the said daughters except Hill has long since failed. 

7. That the co-heirs of the said Henry de Cobham first Lord Cobham aforesaid 
and the said Hill are the following persons — 

(i) The Petitioner Alexander Henry Leith who but for the said attainders 

would be a co-heir of the said Barony of Cobham; 
(ii) John Francis Byde Russel who has presented no petition and makes no 

claim; 
(iii) The Petitioner Reginald Gervase Alexander; 
(iv) The Petitioner Cuthbert Matthias Kenworthy; 

8. That the said Barony of Cobham would if the effect of the said attainders be 
removed be in abeyance and at His Majesty's disposal. V.G. 

(^) His elder br., John C, d. v. p. and s.p. about 13 14. V.G. 

('') This Henry was yr. br. of John de Cobham, of Cobham and Cowling, Kent, 
one of the Barons of the Exchequer, who was father of Henry [Lord] Cobham, 
sum. to Pari, in 131 3. 



352 COBHAM 

Penchester, was knighted (with Prince Edward) in 1306. M.P. for Kent, 
1324. Having, on the death of his mother in 1324, shortly before 17 Nov., 
inherited her lands, he was sum. to Pari, from 3 Dec. (1326) 20 Edw. II to 
(posthumously) 20 Jan. (1333/4) 7 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Stephana de 
Cobham, whereby he is held to have become LORD COBHAM. (") He 
m., istly, before 1309, Isabel, who probably d. s.p. He w., 2ndly, Avice. 
He <3'. late in 1332. Writ for /wj^./i. w. 20 Jan. (1332/3) 6 Edw. III. His 
widow d. in 1340. 



II. 1332. 2. John de Coeham, s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 13 19, 

was in the French expedition 1342. He was knighted 
presumably between 1342 and 1346. Neither he nor any of his descendants 
were sum. to Pari. He d. 14 Sep. 1362, seized of the Castle of Alington 
and the manors of Rundale and Hever, Kent. 



III. 1362. 3. Sir Thomas Cobham, s. and h., aged 19 at his 

father's death, was b. 1343. M.P. for Kent 1376, 1382, 
1384, and 1390. He w., istly, Maud, da. and probably h. of Thomas 
MoRicE, a wealthy pleader in the King's Bench. She d. between 1380 and 
1389. M.I. at Cobham. He m., 2ndly, Beatrice, who was living as his 
widow in 1395. He d. 1393-94, and was bur. at Birling. 



IV. 1394. 4. Sir Reynold Cobham, s. and h. by ist wife. He 

m. Elizabeth, da. of Sir Arnold Savage, of Bobbing, 
Speaker of the House of Commons, by Joan, da. of William Echyngham. 
He d. 31 Oct. 1405. Will dat. 11 Oct. 1405, pr. 7 Jan. 1405/6. (*") His 
widow d. 1 45 1. 



V. 1405. 5. Sir Thomas Cobham, 3rd but ist surv. s. and h., 

b. 1397, and of Rundale at that date. He d. s.p.m., before 
1429, leaving an only da., Elizabeth, (°) among whose descendants, if such 
there be, any Barony which may be supposed to have been created by the 
writ of 1326, is in abeyance. 



(") As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

C') Lambeth Wills. V.G. 

(') She complains, in an undated Chancery Bill, that she has been kept for more 
than 24 years out of her father's lands. V.G. 



COBHAM 353 

COB HAM (of Sterborough) 

BARONY BY i. Reynold de Cobham, of Sterborough, C') in Ling- 

WRIT. field, Surrey, s. and h. of Sir Reynold de C, of Orkesden 

and Eynesford, Kent, by Joan, da. and h. (or coh.) of 

I. 1347. William d'Evere, was b. about 1295; was distinguished 

(1327-60) in nearly all the battles in France and Flanders; 
Knight Banneret 1339. He formed one of an important embassy to the 
Pope in Aug. I343.('') Adm. of the Fleet for the West, 1344, and again 
1348; was (with the Earl of Warwick and Sir John Chandos) one of 
the three to whom the charge of Prince Edward was committed at 
Crecy in 1346. He received an annuity of X500 in 1347. Nom. K.G. 
circa 1353; was Marshal of the Prince's army at Poitiers in 1356, where he 
conducted the French King, John, to the English quarters. He was also 
employed in Embassies to Brabant, ^c. He was sum. to a Council, 25 Feb. 
(1341/2) 16 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 13 Nov. (1347) 21 Edw. Ill to 
20 Nov. (1360) 34 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Reginaldo de Cobham^ whereby 
he is held to have become LORD COBHAM.C^) He m. Joan, da. of 
Thomas (de Berkeley), Lord Berkeley, by his ist wife, Margaret, da. of 
Roger (de Mortimer), Earl of March. She had a portion of ^^2,900, and 
the manor of Langley Burrell, Wilts. He d. "of the second pestilence," 
5 Oct. 1361, and was bur. in Lingfield Church. (=) M.I. Will pr. at South- 
wark 7 Oct. 1361. His widow, who had dower assigned 10 Feb. 136 1/2, 
d. 2 Oct. 1369. Will, in which she directs to be bur. at Southwark(') if 
she dies there, dat. 13 Aug. 1369, pr. 23 May 1370 at Orford, in Kent. 

II. 1361. 2. Reynold (de Cobham), Lord Cobham, only s. and 

h., b. 1348, being aged 13 at his father's death, had seizin 
of his father's lands and of his mother's dower lands 5 Feb. 1369/70, having 
pr. his age and done homage. He, like his father, distinguished himself in 
the wars of Gascony and France. He was sum. to Pari, from 8 Jan. ( 1 3 70/ 1 ) 
44 Edw. Ill to 6 Oct. (1372) 46 Edw. III. He W7., istly, Elizabeth, widow 
of John, Lord Ferrers (who d. 2 Apr. 1367), and before that of Fulk (le 
Strange), Lord Strange (of Blackmere), da. of Ralph (de Stafford), ist 
Earl of Stafford, by Margaret, da. and h. of Hugh (d'Audley), Earl of 

(») See an article by John Wickham Flower on this family, with tabular pedigree 
by Charles Spencer Perceval, in the Surrey Archaeological Collections, vol. ii, pp. 1 15-194. 

C') This Reynold was br. (of the half-blood) of Sir Henry de C, of Rundale, and 
of John de Cobham, Baron of the Exchequer, being eldest son of the second marriage 
(with Joan, da. of Hugh de Neville) of John de Cobham, of Cobham and Cowling. 

(°) For a list of these see note sub Bradeston. V.G. 

(^) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage title, 
see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G. 

(') As to deaths from the plague see vol. viii, Appendix D. 

(^ The brass in Lingfield Church, sometimes attributed to her, is supposed to 
belong to Isabel Cobham (wife of Reynold de Cobham of Gatewyck), who died 2 Apr. 
1460. 

+5 



354 COBHAM 

Gloucester. She d. 7 Aug. 1376. He »/., 2ndly, in 1380 (pardon for 
m. without lie. 10 Aug.), Eleanor, widow of John (d'Arundel), Lord 
Arundel (1377 to 1379), and, according to modern doctrine, suo jure. 
Baroness Mautravers, being da. of Sir John Mautravers. This marriage 
being within the third degreCjC) absolution for it was given by a bull from 
the Pope, II Nov. 1384, and the issue legitimated. He d. 6 July 1403 
(a few days before the battle of Shrewsbury'), and was bur. at Lingfield. M.l. 
Will, in which he styles himself Raynald de Cobbeham, Sr. de Stresburgh, 
dat. 8 Sep. 1400, pr. at Canterbury 13 July 1403. His widow, who was 
b. 1345, d. 10 Jan. 1404/5. Will, in which, curiously enough, she styles 
herself (only) Aliamr Arondelli^') en pur ma viduite, dat. 26 Sep. (1404) 
5 Hen. IV, at Lytchett Matravers, and pr. at Maidstone 16 Jan. 1404/5, 
directing her burial to be at Lewes Priory, where mon tres honorable seigneur 
John Arundell lies. 



[After (1372) 46 Edw. Ill no writ of summons was issued to any 
members of the family. Presuming the writ of 1347 to have established 
an hereditary dignit)'', those that would have been entitled thereto are as 
under.] 

III. 1403. 3. Sir Reynold de CoBHAM, of Sterborough Castle, 

apparently, according to modern doctrine. Lord 
CoBHAM, but who was never so styled, 2nd('') but ist surv. s. and h. by 
2nd wife. He was b. 138 1, and was knighted 19 May 1426. He 
appears to have taken no part in the French wars, but to him, on 12 May 
1436, was committed the custody of the Duke of Orleans (afterwards 
Louis XII), who had been taken prisoner at Agincourt more than 20 years 
before. In 143 1 he and his 2nd wife founded the College of Lingfield. 
He w., istly, Eleanor, da. of Sir Thomas Colepeper, of Rayal. She d. 
1422, and was bur. at Li