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Full text of "The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant"

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LEN COUNTY PUBL 



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Gc 929.7201 C66c v. 4 
Cokayne, George E. 
Complete peerage 



THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 



THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 

OF ENGLAND SCOTLAND IRELAND 

GREAT BRITAIN AND THE 

UNITED KINGDOM 

EXTANT EXTINCT OR DORMANT 

BY G.E.C. 

NEW EDITION, REVISED AND MUCH ENLARGED 
EDITED BY 

THE HON. VICARY GIBBS 

WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF 

H. ARTHUR DOUBLEDAY 



VOLUME IV 

DACRE TO DYSART 



LONDON 

THE ST CATHERINE PRESS 

STAMFORD STREET S.E. 

1916 






^H (afl;- - 



INTRODUCTION 

TO VOLUME IV 1185549 

The Editor much regrets that so long an interval has passed 
since the third volume was issued. The delay is due to the fact 
that a large amount of research had to be undertaken in connection 
w^ith the preparation of the accounts of baronies by v^rit, which 
are being written on a much larger scale than was contemplated 
originally. 

By the death of Mr. Bright Brown the Editor has lost a 
valued contributor, who supplied him with many notes and correc- 
tions. He is indebted to Mr. F. M. Brown for generously placing 
the MS. collections left by his brother at the disposal of this 
work. 



ADDENDA AND CORRIGENDA 

Mr. G. W. Watson has supplied the following alterations for the articles con- 
tributed by him to this volume. 

Page 3, line 8: for " i;./)." read " soon after Sep. I 331," and add as a note " Feet 
of Fines, case 138, file 100, no. 43. See Genealogist, N.S., vol. xxxiii, p. 133." 

Page 27, note " e," line 4: j9r " I 7 Nov. 1260" read '■'■ ]3.n. 126^ jb [Fine Roll, 
50 Hen. Ill, m. 7)." 

Page 45, line 7: before " ^." insert "who was /'. 16 Sep. 1295, at Tewkes- 
bury." Same line: yir "with her 3rd husband, in St. Mary's, Ware" read '■'■ aX 
the Convent of the Minoresses without Aldgate," and add as a note " See the will of 
John de Hastinges, Earl of Pembroke." 

Page 50, note "c," line 4: for " 1186" read " 1 1 85." 

Page 60, note "a," line 7: for " both the 3rd and 4th " read " the 3rd-4th." 
Page 62, last line of text: for " Henes " read " Heynings." 

Page 67, note " e," line 3: after '■'■ d. v.p." insert '•'■lb July 1469, beingslain at 
Edgcote Field." 

Page 68, table, 5th generation: afler "Conyers" add "disp. to marry, 4 Nov. 
1528." 

Page 76, line 14: after "Margaret" insert " (ot. 30 Jan. 1575/6 — Aston 
Register)." 

Page 77, line 17: before "11 Apr. 1606" insert "12 Apr. 1607, not." Next 
line: for " 1625, in childbirth," read " 1626, not 1624 as in M.I.," and add as a note 
"John s. and h. ap. of John, Lord Darcy, was hap. at Aston 4 July 1626 [Register): 
he died trimestris, and was bur. with his mother (M.I.)." Note "e ": after "had " 
insert "by his ist wife": for " 1605/6 " read " 1604/5." 
Page 78, line 5: after "her," insert "28 Oct." 

Page 98, line 12: afier " m.," insert "after 26 June 1386," and add as a note 
" Patent^ Roll, 10 Ric. II, p. I, m. 22." 

Page 104, line y. for '■'■ 1492/3 " read " 1 493." 
Page 1 18, note "c," line 4: for " 11 86" read " 1 185." 
Page 122, note " c," line 5: for " ferra " read "fra." 

Page 131, line 2: for "June 1242" read "Jan. 1243/4", and add as a note 
'■'■Close Roll, 28 Hen. Ill, m. 16 d." 

Page 132, line 17: after "i." insert " j.j*.": after " 1273 " insert " She d. about 
Apr. 1276," and add as a note " Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 15, no. 3." 
Page 192, line 4 and note "e": for "Peveril" read " Peverel." 
Page 2 3 5, last line of first note :/ffr" in 1287 " r^a/:/" 18 July I287,at Rathmore." 
Page 261, last line but one of text: after "rf." insert ";./>." 
Page 265, line 16: after '■'■ d." insert ^^ s.p.m." 

Page 292, last line but one of text: before "Ditton " insert " Fen." 
Page 298, last line but three of text: after "^." insert '■'■ s.p.m." 
Page 316, note " e," line ^•. for " Stogurcey " read " Stogursey." 



CONTENTS 



Page 



INTRODUCTION 



THE PEERAGE alphabetically arranged 

DACRE . . . : i 

DYSART 562 

APPENDIXES 

A PEERS (PRESENT OR FUTURE) INCLUDED IN "FOX'S MAR- 
TYRS" AT THE ELECTION OF 178+ 571 

B PEERS WHO WERE COMMANDERS OR CAPTAINS IN THE 

COMMONWEALTH ARMIES 573 

C THE GREATEST ESTATES IN IRELAND IN 1799 . -575 

D EARLDOMS CREATED BY STEPHEN AND THE EMPRESS MAUD 576 

E COURTESY TITLES 580 

F PEERS WHO HAVE BEEN PRESIDENTS OF THE UNION SOCIE- 
TIES AT OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE 583 

G THE PROTECTORATE HOUSE OF LORDS, COMMONLY KNOWN 

AS CROMWELL'S "OTHER HOUSE," 1657-1659 . . . 585 
H EARLDOMS AND BARONIES IN HISTORY AND IN LAW, AND 

THE DOCTRINE OF ABEYANCE 6+9 

I PEVEREL OF NOTTINGHAM 761 

J THE ENTAIL OF THE DESMOND LANDS IN 1342/3 . . .772 



THE COMPLETE 

PEERAGE 



I. 1321 



D 

DACRE, DACRE (of Gilsland), and DACRE (of the 

South) (^) 

BARONY BY i. Sir Randolf de DacrEjC) s. and h. of Sir William 
WRIT. DE Dacre, of Dacre, Cumberland {b. 12 Mar. 1265/6, d. 

shortly before 24 Aug. I3i8,('=) bur. at Prescot, co. Lan- 
caster), (■*) by Joan, da. and h. of Benet Gernet,(^) of 
Halton, Fishwick, and Eccleston, co. Lancaster,(*) some- 
time Forester of Lancaster Forest. He was pardoned for any part he 
had taken in the death of Gavaston, 16 Oct. I3i3.(^) Aged 28 
at his father's death. The King took his homage and he had livery of his 
father's lands, 25 Sep. 131 8, C") and having done fealty, 10 Feb. 13 24/5, (^) 
of those of his mother (who ^.28 Nov. I324).(') He was sum. for Military 

(^) The account of the first six men in this article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C') The arms of Dacre were, Gules, three escallops Argent (those of Randolf de 
Dacre, temp. Edw. I, are said to have been. Azure, on a cross Or five escallops Gules). 
Crest, a bull Gules, armed and gorged with a coronet Or: now the sinister supporter 
of the arms of the Earls of Carlisle. 

i^) Ch. Inq. p. m.., Edw. II, file 61, no. 16. William was s. and h. of Randolf, 
Sheriff of Cumberland, 1268-70, and of co. York 1278-80, who (^. 3 May 1286 [Idem, 
Edw. I, file 44, no. 7), by his ist wife, Geva, who was living 20 Jan. 127 1/2. {Feet 
of Fines, case 132, file 48, no. 32). Randolf m., 2ndly, Joan, da. of Alan de Multon (by 
Alice, 2nd da. and coh. of Richard de Lucy, of Egremont, by Aude, ist da. and coh. 
of Hugh de Moreville, of Kirkoswald, Lazonby, and Burgh-on-Sands), and was s. and 
h. of William de Dacre, Sheriff of Cumberland, 1236-48 and 1268, and of co. York, 
1248-50. The first-named William is stated, by Dugdale, but incorrectly, to have 
been sum. to Pari. 28Edw. I to 12 Edw. II. Dacre was held of the Lords ofGreystoke. 

if) This and the other notices of burial are taken from a record by Lord William 
Howard {d. 1640), printed in H. Howard's Howard Memoriah and elsewhere. 

(*) " Benedictus Gernet. r'. c'p'. de. Ivij. Ij. de arrer' eiusdem firme [de For' de 
Lancastr'] . . . Et deb', xlj. Ij. v.s. x.d. De quib' Will' fil' Rann' de Dacre q' dux' 
in. vx'. Joh'am fil' et heredem p'd'ci Ben', resp'. in. Ebor'." {Pipe Roll, 13 Edw. I, 
Lane''). The passage " Will', de. Dacr' fil'. et heres Ran' de. Dacr' et Joh'a. vx' 
eius heres Ben' Gernet." {Pipe Roll, 15 Edw. I, Ebor — also CumF) is that adum- 
brated by Dugdale. But Dugdale has here misrepresented his authority and misprinted 
his reference. 

(^ By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. Hilary 4 Edw. II, these three manors 
were entailed on William and Joan and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to the right 
heirs of Joan. {Feet of Fines, case 1 1 9, file 17, no. 23). 

(8) Patent Roll, 7 Edw. II, p. i, m. 12 schedule. 

(^) Fine Rolls, 12 Edw. II, w. 14; 18 Edw. II, m. 8. 

(') Escheators' Enrolled Accounts, no. 1, m. 1 2 d. Writ of diem cl. ext. 5 Dec. (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 89, no. 3). 

I 



2 DACRE 

Service from 20 Mar. (1318/9) 12 Edw. II to 6 Oct. (1337) 11 Edw. Ill, 
to Councils from 20 Nov. (1323) 17 Edw. II to 18 Oct. (1338) 12 Edw. Ill, 
and to Pari, from 15 May (132 1) 14 Edw. II to 26 Dec. (1338) 
12 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Ranulpho de Dacre, whereby he is held to 
have become LORD DACRE. He was on the King's service in the 
Marches of Scotland in 1322, in Gascony in 1325, and in Scotland, May to 
Sep. 1336. (*) A banneret, 14 Mar. 1336/7. (^) Sheriff of Cumberland 
1330-35/6. Appointed Constable of Carlisle Castle 10 Dec. I330,('') a 
Warden of the March of Cumberland 2 Aug. I333,('') and of the Marches 
of Cumberland and Westmorland 28 Aug., 26 Sep. 1334, and 26 Jan. 
I335/6-C) He had a grant of castles, i^c, in Annandale from "the 
magnificent prince," Edward, King of Scots, and had livery thereof, 
18 Nov. i334.('=) Had licence to crenellate his house at Naworth, 
Cumberland, 27 July 1335. (^) He m., in or before I3i5,('^) Margaret, 
da. and h.('') of Thomas de Multon of Gilsland, Cumberland [Lord 
Multon], by ( — ),(') da. of Piers de Mauley, le tierce, of Mulgrave, co. 
York [Lord Mauley]. He did fealty and they had livery of her father's lands, 
30 Oct. I3I7.(^) He d. shortly before 20 Apr. 1339,0 ^"<^ '^'^^ ^^^- i" 
Lanercost Priory. His widow, who was b. at Mulgrave Castle 20, and 



(*) Patent Rolls, 1 5 Edw. II, /. 2, ;n. 9 ; 1 6 Edw. II, /.. I , »/. 24 ; 1 8 Edw. II, p. 2, 
m. 14; 9 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 20. Close Roll, 1 1 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 34. 

(b) Fine Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, m.l2. 

("=) Scottish Rolls, 7 Edw. Ill, ;«. 14; 8 Edw. Ill, w/^i. 17, 14, 7; 10 Edw. Ill, 
7n. 36. 

("5) In this year, being already married to Margaret, he had sued out her writ de 
etate probanda: day given in 3 weeks from Easter 9 Edw. II. But after Michaelmas 
and before 4 Feb. 131 5/6, he abducted her by night from Warwick Castle during the 
absence of the escheator, in contemptum domini Regis, she being yet in the King's 
custody. (Coram Rege, Easter, 9 Edw. II, m. 62 d). Pardon therefor, 28 Oct. 1317. 
{Patent Roll, 11 Edw. II, p. 1, m. 20). "Thomas de Multuna dominus Gilles- 
landie . . . unicam filiam heredem nomine Margaretam post se reiiquit quam 
Robertus de Clifford filius Roberti de eadem septimo sue etatis anno apud Hoffe [co. 
IFestmorland] ipso lecto decubante desponsavit. Et vivente dicto Roberto Ranulphus 
de Daker filius domini Willelmi de Daker eandem Margaretam nupsit quia jus 
habuit ad illam propter paccionem factam ante priores nupcias inter Thomam de 
Multuna patrem dicte Margarete et Willelmum de Daker." [Chron. de Lanercost, 
p. 223). 

(•) She was also heir to any Barony of Multon (of Gilsland) which may be held to 
have existed. 

(*) Genealogists call her Margaret, owing to a mistaken identification by 
Dugdale. See Multon. 

(s) Close Roll, II Edw. II, m. 19. 

(■>) "Ranulphus de Dakre." Writ of diem cl. ext. 20 Apr. 13 Edw. III. Inq., 
Cumberland, Westmorland, Saturday and Monday before the Nativity of St. John the 
Baptist [19, 21 June] 1339. "Willelmus de Dacre filius predict! Ranulphi est heres 
ejus propinquior et etatis viginti annorum et amplius." (Ch. Ing. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 60, no. 4: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 26). 



DACRE 3 

bap. at Lythe 24 July I300,(^) had livery of divers manors which she and 
her husband had held jointly, 3 July i^Z^-Q') She d. 10 Dec. i36i.(°) 



II. 1339. 2. William (de Dacre), Lord Dacre, s. and h., aged 

20 and more at his father's death. He was at the battle 
of Neville's Cross 17 Oct. 1346. ('') Appointed SherifFofco. Dumfries 30 Jan. 
1346/7. ('') He was sum. to a Great Council, 15 July (1353) 27 Edw. Ill, 
and to Pari, from 25 Nov. (1350) 24 Edw. Ill to 20 Nov. (1360) 34 
Edw. Ill, by writs directed IVillelnio de Dacre or Dacre. He w., v.p.,(^) 
Katherine, 2nd da.(') of Sir Ralph de Neville, of Raby, co. IDurham 
[Lord Neville], by Alice, da. of Sir Hugh d'Audley, of Stretton Audley, 
Oxon [Lord Audley]. He d. s.p., 18 July 1361,(6) and was bur. in 

(^) " Adhucde tribusseptimanis Pasche. Ebor'. Margareta filia et heres Thome 
de Multon' de Gilleslond'." Probacio etatis. "... predicta Margareta nata fuit in 
castro de Mulgreve quod est castrum domini Petri de Male Lacu et . . . est 
plene etatis et fuit etatis xv annorum ad festum sancte Margarete virginis proximo 
preteritum . . . eadem Margareta baptizata fuit in ecclesia parochiali de Lyth' que 
distat de Mulgreve ubi predicta Margareta nata fuit per unam leucam die dominica 
proxima post dictum festum sancte Mar2;arete." [Coram Rege, Easter, 9 Edw. II, m. 72). 

(b) C/ose Roll, 13 Edw. Ill, p. 2, w. 25. 

{^) "Margareta Dacre." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 2 Jan. 35 Edw. III. (Fine Roll, 
m. 4). Inq., cos. Lincoln, Lancaster, Cumberland, Westmorland, Lancaster, Saturday, 
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, after, and Thursday after the octaves of, the Purifi- 
cation [5, 7, 8, 9, ID Feb.] 1361/2. "Et dicunt quod predicta Margareta obiit x 
die Decembris ultimo preterito [die veneris proximo post festum concepcionis beate Marie 
anno . . . tricesimo quinto — co. Lincoln] Et dicunt quod Ranulfus de Dacre persona 
ecclesie de Prestcotes filius predictorum Ranulfi et Margarete est heres ejusdem 
propinquior et est etatis xxxvj [triginta — co. Lincoln] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. 
p. m., Edw. Ill, file I 70, no. 62 — writs missing). 

(<*) Scottish Rolls, 20 Edw. Ill, w. 3; 21 Edw. Ill, m. 13. 

(^) Randolf de Dacre and Margaret his wife enfeoffed William their son and 
Katherine his wife of the manor of Holbeach, co. Lincoln, to them and the heirs of 
their bodies, &c. [Close Roll, 35 Edw. Ill, m. 14). 

(') Fifteenth century (about 1450) pedigree of Neville [Genealogist, N.S., vol. iii, 
p. 107). Harl. MSS., no. 3882, ff. 23 d, i'i3 [31 d, 49]. 

(8) " Willelmusde Dacre chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 7 Aug. 35 Edw. III. 
Inq., COS. Cumberland, Westmorland, York, Lincoln, and at Roxburgh, Monday and 
Saturday after the Assumption, Monday the vigil of St. Bartholomew [16, 21, 23 Aug.], 
I Sep., and 6 Oct. 1 361. "Item dicunt quod idem Willelmus obiit xviij die Julii 
ultimo preterito [die Dominica proximo ante festum sancte Margarete virginis anno 
supradicto — co. Lincoln] Et dicunt quod Ranulfus de Dacre persona ecclesie de 
Prestcotes frater predicti Willelmi est heres ejusdem Willelmi propinquior et est 
etatis xxx [quadraginta — co. Lincoln] annorum et amplius." Inq., co. Lancaster, 
defaced. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 158, no. 63). Inq., co. Durham, Tuesday 
before St. Michael 17 Hatfield [28 Sep. 1361]. "Ranulphus frater predicti Willelmi 
est heres ejus propinquior et etatis viginti et unius annorum." [Cursitors' Records, 
vol. ii, f. 66 [68]). 



4 DACRE 

Lanercost Priory. "Will dat. 29 Sep. 1359, pr. at Rose, 16 Aug. I36i.(^) 
His wife, or widow, ^. before i Sep. 136 1.^") 

III. 1361. 3. RANDOLF(DEDACRE),LoRDDACRE,nextsurv. br. and 

h.,('=) ^. about Oct. 1 3 22.('^) Parson of Prescot,co. Lancaster, 

5 May 1346 to 2 Apr. 1275-0 "^^e King took his homage and fealty, 
22 Oct. 1361, and he had livery of his brother's lands,Q and again, 8 Mar. 
1 36 1/2, and he had livery of those of his mother.(') He was sum. to Pari, 
from 14 Aug. (1362) 36 Edw. Ill to 4 Oct. (1373) 47 Edw. Ill, by writs 
directed Ranulpho de Dacre. Though still a clerk, he was appointed a 
Warden of the Western Marches, 27 May 1366, 12 Oct. 1371, and 
25 Feb. 1371/2.(8) He d. intestate,('') 17 or 18 Aug. I375,C) 

if) Carlisle Reg., Welton, f. 39. This " testament " is merely a list of " les dettes 
qe Mons' William de Dacre doit sour soun aler outre la mere le iour de seint Michel 
Ian du Roi qore est xxxiij." He appoints his mother and others his "executours de 
ordeigner pur mes biens et de paier mes dettes et le residu reseruer a ma dame ma 
mere "; so that his wife was, doubtless, deceased. Her father, as " Seignur de Neuill'," 
here heads the list of creditors. 

C") Inq. of that date. See note " g " on preceding page. 

(■=) Randolf de Dacre and Margaret his wife settled the manors of Irthington, 
Lazonby, Burgh-on-Sands, and HofF, on themselves and the heirs of their bodies [«V], 
rem., if they died without heir of their bodies, to William their son [sic'], rem. to 
Thomas br. of William, rem. to Randolf br. of Thomas, in successive tail general, 
rem. to the right heirs of Margaret. Writ, 13 July, 17 Edw. II, Inq. a. q. d., 
Cumberland, Westmorland, Saturday after St. Peter ad vinculo and Monday before 
St. Laurence [6, 8 Aug.] 1323 (file 171, no. 9), licence 23 Mar. 1323/4 [Patent 
Roll, 17 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 28); the manor of Dacre was similarly entailed on these 
three sons, rem. to the right heirs of Randolf de Dacre. [Feet.of Fines, case 35, file 8, 
no. 24, file 9, nos. i, 2; case 249, file 7, no. i). According to the Close Roll, 
36 Edw. Ill, w. 33, reciting the Inq. of 8 Feb. 136 1/2, there was another br.. Piers, 
between William and Thomas, but he does not appear elsewhere. This entailing of 
all the estates in the way they would, apparently, have devolved without such entail, is 
somewhat suspicious. 

(■*) On ID Aug. 1350, he had a papal confirmation of the church of Prescot, to 
which he had been instituted three years before, when he was five months under the 
canonical age. {Papal Letters, vol. iii, p. 397). 

C^) Coventry and Lichfield Reg., vol. ii, Northburgh, f. 1 19; vol. iv, Stretton i, 
f. 87 V. 

(f) Fine Roll, 35 Edw. Ill, m. 17. Close Roll, 36 Edw. Ill, m. 33. 

(6) Scottish Rolls, 40 Edw. Ill, «. 6; 45 Edw. Ill, ;7i. 2; 46 Edw. Ill, m. 4. He 
was in consequence ordered to send his attorney, if advisable, to the Pari, of 46 
Edw. III. [Close Roll, m. ID d). 

C") De Banco, Trinity, 50 Edw. Ill, m. 142 d. Roger de Clifford was 
the administrator. 

(') " Ranulphus de Dacre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 28 Aug., 49 Edw. in England 
and 36 in France. Inq., cos. Lancaster, Westmorland, Monday after St. Matthew 
[24 Sep.] and 24 Sep. 1375. "Et dicunt quod idem Ranulphus obiit die veneris 
[Sabati — co. Westmorland] proximo post festum Assumpcionis beate Marie ultimo 
preterita Et dicunt quod Hugo de Dacre miles est frater et propinquior heres predict! 



DACRE 5 

being murdered in his bed, at Halton, co. Lancaster, and was bur. 
at Halton. (') 

IV". 1375. 4. Hugh (de Dacre), Lord Dacre,('') next br. and 

h. He was fined £100 for damages inflicted on the Earl 
of Douglas in time of truce, 20 Oct. 1371.C) Aged 40 and more at his 
brother's death, which death he was suspected of having caused. He was 
released from the Tower, where he had been detained on that suspicion, 
2 July I376,('=) and had livery of his inheritance 10 July following, his 
homage and fealty being respited, by special grace. (■=) He was sum. to Pari, 
from I Dec. (1376) 50 Edw. Ill to 20 Aug. (1383)7 Ric. II, by writs directed 
Hugoni de Dacre {chivaler). Appointed a Warden of the Western Marches, 
4 June, 4 Nov. 1379, 14 Mar. 1381/2, and 16 June 1382. ('^) He ;«., be- 
tween 8 Oct. 1354 and i July 1 355,0 Elizabeth, widow of Sir WilHam de 
Douglas, of Hermitage Castle in Liddesdale, sometime Earl of Atholl 
(who was slain beside Galsewood in Ettrick Forest, in Aug. 1353,(0 and 

Ranulphi et etatis quadraginta annorum et amplius." Inq., Cumberland, defaced. 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 244, no. 39). 

C") The Bishop of Carlisle, instructed on 5 Oct. by the Archbishop of York, pro- 
nounced a sentence of excomniunicacio major on the assassins, 9 Nov. 1375. " Auribus 
siquidem nostris nuper imposuit quod dolenter referimus vox clamosa quod quidam 
Sathane satellites dei timore postposito almeque matris ecclesie reverencia retrojecta 
quorum nomina ignorantur pariter et persone ipsius sequentes vestigia qui lucem tugit 
et tenebras semper afFectat spiritu furibundo apud Halton' Ebor' diocesis accedentes et 
in quemdam dominum Ranulphum de Dacre presbiterum et in ordine sacerdotali 
notorie constitutum virum catholicum justum et pudicum in lecto suo jacentem 
manus impias et violentas ausu temerario imposuerunt ac plagis crudeliter eidem 
presbitero impositis tandem ipsum totaliter cruentatum ut ovem coram tondente 
obmutescentem nullat/nus eisdem resistentem inhumaniter occiderunt in dei ignomi- 
niam libertatis ecclesiastice violacionem manifestam aliorumque christi fidelium 
exemplum perniciosum." {Carlisle Reg., Appilby, f. 88 v). 

('') In 49 Edw. Ill he differenced his arms by a bordure chequy. (Seal, Coll. Top. 
et Gen., vol. v, p. 318, and Stowe MSS., no. 763, f. 32 v). 

(^) Close Rolls, 45 Edw. Ill, m. 10 d; 50 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 21 d. Fine Roll, 
50 Edw. Ill, m. 18. 

(d) Scottish Rolls, 2 Ric. II, w. i ; 3 Ric. II, m. 3; 5 Ric. II, mm. 3, 2. 

if) On 8 Oct. 1354 "Elizabethe qe fu la femme mons' William de Douglas" 
did homage to Edward III and was granted " le Chastel del Hermytage et le val de 
Lideir " for life, with rem., provided she married " un homme Engleis," to her heirs 
by him. "Ac jam [i July 1355] prefata Elizabetha se de assensu nostro dilecto 
valletto nostro Hugoni de Dacre Anglico fratri dilecti et fidelis nostri Willelmi de 
Dacre maritaverit"; wherefore the King took Hugh's homage and fealty, and they had 
livery of the premises to them and the heirs of their bodies. [Scottish Rolls, 28 Edw. Ill, 
OT. 5 d; 29 Edw. Ill, m. 8). William de Dacre had to appear before the King and his 
Council on the quinzaine of Michaelmas 1357 to account for the loss of Hermitage 
Castle. {Close Roll, 30 Edw. Ill, m. 1 2 d). 

(*) By his kinsman, William, Earl of Douglas: the cause being jealousy, 
according to the ballad quoted by Hume of Godscroft: — 



6 DACRE 

bur. in Melrose Abbey), da., perhaps, of Sir John Maxwell, of Carlaverock, 
CO. Dumfries.(') ' She d. before i Jan. i36()/-jo.Q') He d. 24 Dec. 
I383,('=) and was i>ur. in Lanercost Priory. 

V. 1383. 5. William (de Dacre), Lord Dacre, s. and h., aged 

26 and more at his father's death. ('^) He had livery of 
his father's lands, 19 Mar. 1383/4, his homage and fealty being respited. (") 
He was sum. for Military Service, 13 June (1385) 8 Ric. II, and to Pari, 
from 3 Mar. (1383/4) 7 Ric. II to 5 Nov. (1397)21 Ric. II, by writs directed 
Willelmo de DacreJ^ He is said to have »j. Joan Douglas.(s) He m. 
Mary. He d'. 20 July I399,('') and was ^«r. in Lanercost Priory. Dower 
was ordered to be assigned to his widow, 3 Oct. 1399.C) 

"The Countess of Douglas out of her hour she came, 
And loudly there that she did call, 
' It is for the Lord of Liddisdale 
That I let all these tears down fall.' " 

(*) Scots Peerage, vol. vi, pp. 342, 473. But there is nothing really known 
about her parentage. The record as on p. I, note " d," calls her Elizabeth Maxwell. 

(b) De Banco, Mich., 44 Edw. Ill, m. 36. 

(■=) " Hugo de Dacre chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 8 Jan. 7 Ric. II. [Fine 
Roll, m. 5). Inq., Cumberland, Westmorland, 3, 6 Feb. 1383/4. "Et dicunt quod 
dictus Hugo de Dacre chivaler obiit die Jovis proximo ante festum Natalis domini 
ultimo preteritum . . . Et dicunt quod Willelmus de Dacre est filius et heres 
propinquior predict! Hugonis filii Ranulphi de Dacre et Margarete uxoris ejus et est 
etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 232). The 
Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 31, no. 30, are defaced, and the writs missing. Similar 
writ, I Feb. 7 Joh. (Duchy of Lancaster, Chancery Roll 3, no. 79). 

C') In the Scrope and Grosvenor controversy he deposed, 19 Oct. 1386, that he 
was 27 years of age, armed 4 years, and knighted at Dumfries. 

(') Fine Roll, 7 Ric. II, w. 12. 

(*) Seven summons to Pari., and two notices of prorogation, addressed to him, 
issued after his death, viz. from 19 Aug. 23 Ric. II to 24 Nov. 5 Hen. IV. He 
had absented himself from the Pari. sum. 1 7 Dec. 1 1 Ric. II, in nostri contemptum 
manifestum [Close Roll, m. 13 d), and was excused attendance 12 Ric. II, as he 
was engaged in the defence of the Scottish Marches. (Close Roll, m. 42 d). 

(«) Record as on p. i, note " d." Genealogists add that Joan was illegit. da. of 
James, Earl of Douglas. But if so (and if she were the mother of the heir), this 
worthy, b. about 1358, would have been a grandfather at the age of 29, or thereabouts. 

(^) "Willelmus Dacre chivaler." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 18 Aug. 23 Ric. II. 
Inq., Cumberland, Westmorland, Saturday before and Thursday after the Nativity of 
the Virgin [6, 11 Sep.] 1399. "Et dicunt quod idem Willelmus obiit vicesimo die 
Julii ultimo preterito Item dicunt quod Thomas de Dacre filius predict! Willelmi 
est ejus propinquior heres et est etatis duodecim annorum et erit etatis tresdecim 
annorum in crastino apostolorum Symonis et Jude proximo futuro." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Ric. II, file 109, no. 18). Dugdale accidentally stated that William d. in 22 Ric. II, 
and the mistake has remained uncorrected hitherto. 

(') Writ de dote assignanda " Marie que fuit uxor Willelmi de Dacre chivaler 
defuncti," 3 Oct. {Close Roll, i Hen. IV, p. I, m. 37). 



DACRE 7 

VI. 1399. 6. Thomas (de Dacre), Lord Dacre of Gilsland, s. 

and h., b. at Naworth Castle 27, and bap. at Brampton, 
Cumberland, 28 Oct. 1387. (^) He had livery of his father's lands, 10 Nov. 
1408, his homage being respited. C") He was sum. to Parl.('=) from i Dec. 
(1412) 14 Hen. IV to 26 May (1455) 33 Hen. VI, by writs directed Thome 
de Dacre (latterly Dacre) de Gillesland\{^) Appointed Chief Forester of 
Inglewood Forest, 26 Feb. 1420/1, and again 10 Nov. 1422. (°) He m., 
v.p.,(^ Philippe, 3rd da. of Ralph (de Neville), Earl of Westmorland, 
by his 1st wife, Margaret, da. of Hugh (de Stafford), Earl of Stafford. 
She was living 8 July i353,(^) but d. before him.C") He d. 5 Jan. 1457/8, C") 
and was bur. in Lanercost Priory. 



{^) W r\t de etate probanda 2^ Oct. loHen.IV. " Probacio etatis Thome de Dacre 
filii et heredis Willelmi Dacre chivaler," Penrith, Saturday the morrow of All Souls 
[3 Nov.] 1408. "... predictus Thomas ... est etatis viginti et unius annorum et 
amplius et fuit in festo apostolorum Simonis et Jude ultimo preterito . . . eo quod 
natus fuit apud castrum de Naward' in comitatu predicto in vigilia apostolorum Simonis 
et Jude et in festo eorundem in ecclesia de Branton' baptizatus." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Hen. IV, file 75, no. 60). 

(*) Close Roll, 10 Hen. IV, m. 28. 

i^) He was one of the 13 near relatives of Ralph, ist Earl of Westmorland, 
who sat together in the House of Lords. See note sub Westmorland, and for 
similar cases see vol. ii, p. 264, note "a." V.G. 

C^) On and after 24 Feb. 3 Hen. VI with the addition oi chivaler. "Proofs of 
sitting," Pari. Rolls, vol. iv, pp. 275, 422. 

(«) Patent Rolls, 8 Hen. V, m. 2; I Hen. VI, />. I, m. 29. This office had 
belonged to the Multons of Gilsland, and the Dacres had hitherto unsuccessfully 
claimed it from the King. [Coram Rege, Hilary, 5 Edw. Ill, m. 162: Ancient Petitions, 
file 106, no. 5280: Patent Roll, 3 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 10 d). 

His father, William Dacre kt., gave them the manor of Holbeach, co. Lin- 
coln, to them and the heirs of their bodies, "by reason of mariage had betwixt the 
same Thomas and Philip." [Pari. Rolls, vol. vi, p. 44). 

(e) By two fines, levied in the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist 31 Hen. VI 
(licence 16 May 1452 — Patent Roll, 30 Hen. VI, p. 2, m. 29), the manors of 
Irthington, Lazonby, Kirkoswald, and Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, and Barton, 
Westmorland, were granted to Thomas Dacre, Lord of Dacre kt. and Philippe his 
wife, for life, rem. to Thomas s. of the said Thomas, for life, rem. to Thomas, s. of 
John de Dacre kt., for life, rem. to the heirs male of the body of Thomas, Lord of 
Dacre, rem. to the right heirs of the said Thomas, Lord of Dacre. [Feet of Fines, 
case 35, file 14, no. 17: for the Westmorland fine, which is missing, see Pari. Rolls, 
vol. vi, p. 44). The manor of Dacre must also, by fine or enfieffment, have been 
entailed on the heirs male. (Ch. Misc. Inq., file 322, no. 50). The Lords Dacre of 
the North practically owed their title merely to these entailments. 

C") "Thomas Dacre miles dominus de Dacre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 14 Nov. 
37 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Westmorland, Lincoln, Friday after St. Andrew [i Dec] 
1458, and Thursday before St. Gregory the Pope [8 Mar.] 1458/9. " Et dicunt . . . 
quod idem Thomas . . . obiit quinto die Januarii anno . . . xxxvj" Et dicunt quod 
Ranulphus Dacre est filius ejusdem Thome . . . et heres masculus ejusdem Thome 
Dacre de corporc suo legitime procreatus propinquior Et est etatis xxx annorum et 



8 DACRE 

VII. 1458. (*) 7. Joan, according to modern doctrine suo jure 
Baroness Dacre, aged 26 and more in 1459, grand- 
daughter and h., being da. and h.C') of Sir Thomas Dacre,(') by Elizabeth, 
da. and h. of Sir William Bowet, of Horsford, Burgh St. Margaret's, 
and Great Hautbois, Norfolk, (by Joan,('^) da. and h. of Sir Robert Ufford, 
of Horsford, if^c), which Thomas was ist s. and h. ap. of the last Lord 
and d. v.p. She m., in or shortly after June i446,(') Sir Richard Fiennes,(') 
s. and h. of Sir Roger F., of Hurstmonceaux, Sussex, by Elizabeth, sister 
of Sir John Holland, of Northants. By patent, 7 Nov. (1458) 37 Hen. VI, 
the King accepted him as Lord Dacre,(^) and by writs 9 Oct. (1459) 

amplius Et quod Johanna uxor Ricardi Fenys militis est consanguinea et heres dicti 
Thome Dacre . . . propinquior videlicet filia Thome Dacre militis filii predicti Thome 
... Et est etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 174, 
no. 33: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 204, no. 10). Similar writ, 8 Jan. 36 Hen. VI 
(Duchy of Lancaster, C/ose Roll 2, no. 7). Inq., Tuesday after the Purification [7 Feb.] 
1457/8. Date of death, and h. male, aged 35 and more, as before. (Towneleys 
Abstracts, vol. ii, p. 65: orig. missing). 

(=") The Editor is greatly indebted to Henry Ince Anderton for numerous correc- 
tions and additions to the rest of this article, and to the next; and he is also under obliga- 
tions to Thomas Barrett Lennard, whose privately printed book, The Families of 
Lennard and Barrett (1908), has been freely drawn on for information. V.G. 

C") Her sister, Philippe, w., at the same time as herself, Robert Fiennes, her hus- 
band's br., but d. s.p. in her grandfather's lifetime. {The Families of Lennard and 
Barrett, ut supra, p. 170). V.G. 

(<=) His yr. br., Randolf, the h. male, was sum. to Pari. 9 Oct. (1459) 38 Hen. VI. 
See p. 18. 

(<>) She is called Joan on De Banco Roll, Easter 12 Hen. IV, m. 293. 

(') The Families of Lennard and Barrett, ut supra, p. 58. 

(') See next article, Dacre (of Gilsland), afterwards Dacre of the North, for 
account of proceedings between him and Humphrey, Lord Dacre, the heir male. 

(8) "This patent contains no words of limitation, and must be considered to be 
a confirmation of the original Barony, with all the rights belonging thereto." {Court- 
hope, sub "Dacre"). See vol. vii. Appendix A, for a list of, and some remarks on, 
Baronies cr. by patent before Henry VIII. 

"Sir Richard Fienes, who by this patent was declared Lord Dacre and one of 
the Barons of the Realm, had married Joan, granddaughter and heir of Thomas, Lord 
Dacre of Gillesland; he was declared 'Lord Dacre' by patent, 7 Nov. 37 Hen. VI, 
1458, but, to show the uncertainty of the issue of a writ at this period, both he (as 
'Lord Dacre') and his wife's uncle, who was heir male of her said grandfather (as 
'Lord Dacre of Gillesland'), were sum. to the same Pari., 9 Oct., 38 Hen. VI, 1459. 
That the Barony given to the wife's uncle was the Barony of Dacre of Gillesland, 
both the description and the summons (upon his decease without issue) of his next 
brother seem to show; and if so, the principle of tenure was here preferred to repre- 
sentation in blood. The Barony given to Sir Richard Fiennes could not have been 
that 'of the courtesy,' as no patent was necessary for such a purpose; it must therefore 
have been a new Barony, which, having no words of inheritance, was yet descendible 
to heirs general, in like manner as the Barony of Fanhope (also without words of in- 
heritance) was considered by Lord Lyndhurst, in his speech on the Wensleydale Peer- 
age, to have been a descendible dignity." {Courthope, p. xliii, note "c"). 



DACRE 9 

38 Hen. VI to 15 Nov. (1482) 22 Edw. IV,Q directed Ricardo Fenys domino 
Dacre chivaler, he was sum. to Pari, in that Barony, and (as Dacre) acknow- 
ledged Prince Edward (son of Edward IV) as h. to the Throne, 3 July 147 1. 
On 8 Apr. 1473, the King made the final award of the lands of the late Lord 
Dacre, between the h. male and the h. general, whereby most of the estates C") 
were secured to the former, though with a rem., failing heirs male, to 
the heir general,('=) while, as to the Peerage, it was declared that the 
said Sir Richard Fiennes in right of Joan his wife and the heirs of her 
body "be reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre," and "keep, have 
and use the same seat and place in everiche of our Paris, as the said Thomas 
Dacre, knt., late Lord Dacre, had used and kept." He was Chamberlain 
(jointly with John (Sutton), Lord Dudley) to Elizabeth, the Queen Consort; 
in 1473 he obtained the reversion of the office of Constable of the Tower, 
but did not survive the then holder, John (Sutton), Lord Dudley. P.C. 1475. 
He ^.25 Nov. 1483, and was bur. at Hurstmonceaux. Will dat. 20 Sep. 
I483.('^) His widow d. 8 Mar. 1485/6, and was bur. there. Will dat. 
13 Dec. 1485, pr. 14 June i486. 

VIII. 1483. 8. Thomas (Fiennes), Lord Dacre, aged 12 and more 

in 1484, grandson and h., being s. and h. of Sir John (not 
Thomas) Fiennes, by Alice, ist da. (whose issue was coh.) of Henry 
(FitzHugh), Lord FitzHugh, which John d. v.p.i^) He had special livery 
without proof of age, 13 July i492.('') Admitted Gray's Inn 1492 ;(') 
Constable of Calais 1493. He was sum. to Pari., from 14 Oct. (1495) 

The patent (1458) states that Thomas, Lord Dacre, who was seized "sibi et 
heredibus suis" of that dignity, had lately died, leaving Joan, wife of Sir Richard 
Fiennes his cousin and heir, in consideration whereof the King accepted and reputed 
the said Richard Fiennes to be Lord Dacre. Banks, in his Baronia Anglka remarks, 
"The heir general m. Richard Fiennes, who had not any blood of Dacre in him. He 
was sum. to Pari, as Richard Fenys, Lord Dacre. This summons cr. him Lord Dacre, 
which would seem to be a new Barony in him, for, though his wife was heiress of the 
personal honour, there was no courtesy of that personal title; courtesy only appertaining 
to property, and the Baronial property was not in her. She was heiress to the Barony 
of Multon of Gillesland, if that Barony be not considered to have emanated from and 
have attended upon the possession of that territory" [which was then in possession of 
the heir male of the Dacre family]. G.E.C. J. H. Round, however, holds that the 
award of 1473, assigning to the heir general and her husband th.Q precedence oi the old 
Barony, above the heir male, was in fact a recognition of his right to that Barony. 
V.G. 

(^) See note next above. 

(*>) Save the manors of Holbeach, co. Lincoln, and of Fishwick and Eccleston, 
near Croston, co. Lancaster. See post, p. 19, note "c." 

("=) On the death of the heir male of the house of Dacre in 1634, these estates 
were claimed (as heir general) by the then Lord Dacre. 

(<') See copy of his will, Addit. MSS. no. 5485, fF. 11 9-2 1; see also Materials 
illustrative of the reign of Henry VII, vol. ii, p. 519. V.G. 

(') Patent Roll, 7 Hen. VII, mm. 24, 25. V.G. 

(') Being apparently the first nobleman on the roll of that society. V.G. 

2 



10 DACRE 

11 Hen. VII to 5 Jan. (1533/4) 25 Hen. VIII, by writs (') directed 
Thorns Fienes de Dacre. K.B. 31 Oct. I494;('') took part in the defeat 
of the Cornish rebels at Blackheath, 17 June 1497, and was at the raising 
of the siege of Norham Castle; a prisoner in the Fleet 1525, for harbouring 
felons. In July 1530 he signed the Lords' petition to the Pope in favour 
of the King's divorce. He m., probably about 1492, Anne, da. of Sir 
Humphrey Bourchier (s. and h. ap. of John, Lord Berners), by Elizabeth, 
da. and h. of Frederick Tylney, of Boston, co. Lincoln.('=) She was living 
29 Sep. 1530. He d. 9 Sep. 1533, and was l>ur. at Hurstmonceaux. Will 
dat. I Sep. 1 53 1, pr. 18 May 1534. 

IX. 1533. 9- Thomas (FiENNEs), Lord Dacre, grandson and h., 

being s. and h. of Sir Thomas Fiennes, by Jane {m. 15 14, 
d. Aug. 1539), da. of Edward (Sutton), Lord Dudley, which Thomas was 
s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, and d. v.p. 26 Oct. 1528. He, who was aged 
18 and more in I534,('^) was sum. to Pari, from 8 June (1536) 28 Hen. VIII 
to I Mar. (1538/9) 30 Hen. VIII, by writs directed Thome Fienes de Dacre.(^) 
He was early in attendance at the Court, was one of the jury who sat on 
the trial of Anne Boleyn, May 1536, and bore the canopy at the funeral 
of Jane Seymour in 1538. He was one of the escort of Anne of 
Cleves in 1540. He m., in 1536, Mary, da. of George (Nevill), Lord 
Abergavenny, by his 3rd wife, Mary,(') da. of Edward (Stafford), Duke 
OF Buckingham. Having taken part in hunting deer in Laughton Park, 
Sussex, when one of the park keepers met his death, he was found guilty 
of murder, and was hanged at Tyburn, 29 June 1541, whereby it was con- 
sidered that his honours were forfeiled.^^) He was hur. at St. Sepulchre's, 
near Newgate, aged 26.('') His widow m., 2ndly, ( — ) Wootton, of North 

(*) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. He figures in a bogus list 
concocted by Dugdale {Summonses, pp. 491-2), as having been sum. to a Pari, begin- 
ning 12 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII (really the date to which the Pari, which first met 5 Feb. 
1 5 14/5 was prorogued). As to this list see sub ii Willoughby (of Broke). V.G. 

{'') See note sub Thomas, Marquess of Dorset [1501]. 

("=) She is sometimes stated to have been da. of John, Lord Berners {d. 1474), 
but this is an error. Anne, eldest child of this Lord, "moriebatur in etate quinque 
annorum," according to an ancient (between 1474 and 1497) pedigree printed by 
Collins, Baronies by IVrtt, p. 334. {ex inform. G. W. Watson). V.G. 

f^) Exch. Inq. p. m., II, file 488, no. 3; file 567, no. 6. 

{^) Pari. Pawn. In Dugdale's fabricated and extremely inaccurate list of the 
writs for this Pari. {Summonses, p. 502), which first met 28 Apr. I 539, the words "del 
South " are unwarrantably added to this last writ. V.G. 

(*) See note by Sir Egerton Brydges, in Collins, vol. vi, p. 567, correcting former 
errors. 

if) The ground for this, in the opinion of Chief Baron Parker, as expressed when 
considering the attainder of the Earldom of Ferrers in 1760, was that Dacre was a 
Barony in fee simple; and accordingly he distinguished the cases of Stourton and Fer- 
rers, which, as estates in tail, were within the protection of the Statute De Donls. V.G. 

C") The yearly value of his estates, which were preserved from forfeiture by his 
grandfather's entail, is given as ^1,180 18;. I'^d., a large income in those days. 



DACRE II 

Tuddenham, Norfolk. She m., 3rdly, Francis Thursby, of Congham, in 
that CO. She was living 17 Dec. 1565, and probably J. in I576.('') 



Thomas Fiennes, who, but for the forfeiture of his father's honours, 
would have been Lord Dacre, J. 25 Aug. 1553, aged 15, being a ward 
of the Queen. C') In^. p. m. 



X. 1558. 10. Gregory (Fiennes), Lord Dacre, only br. and h., 

bap. 25 June 1539, at Hurstmonceaux. He was reuored 
in blood and honours by Act of Pari. (1558) i Eliz., and was sum. to Pari, 
from II Jan. (1562/3) 5 Eliz. to 19 Feb. (1592/3) 35 Eliz. He accom- 
panied the Earl of Lincoln, 1572, on his Embassy to Paris. (■=) He w., 
before Nov. 1558, Anne, sister of Thomas, ist Earl of Dorset, da. of Sir 
Richard Sackville, by Winifred, da. of Sir John Bruges (or Brydges), 
Lord Mayor of London. He d. s.p.m.J^) at his house (') in Chelsea, 25 Sep. 
1594, and was bur. at Chelsea, Midx., aged ^^. Will pr. 1594. His 
widow d. 14, and was bur. there 15 May 1595. Will dat. Dec. 1594,0 
pr. 1595. 

XL 1594. II. Margaret, .f«o yK;Y, Baroness Dacre, sister and 

h.(*) Her claim to the Barony was referred to commissioners 
for the office of Earl Marshal, both by Queen Elizabeth and James I ; these, 
on S Dec. 1 604, declared her right to the same-C") She, who was b. i 54 1 , w., 
shortly before 10 Nov. i564,(') Sampson Lennard,(') of Knole, Chevening, 

(*) The Families of Lennard and Barrett., ut supra, p. 50, note 2, and p. 207. 

('') Idem, p. 207. 

(■=) In Camden's Elizabeth he is said to have been "a man of cracked brain." 

{^) He had one da., living 17 Dec. 1565, who d. young and v.p. V.G. 

(') He had bought this house, which had cost ^^14,000 to build, and land round 
it worth an equal sum, from the Marquess of Winchester for ;^3,ooo in 1575, but 
only paid j^2,ooo. V.G. 

(^ By this will she founded various almshouses in Tothill Fields, Westminster, 
which till quite recently formed an interesting historic relic there. She also endowed 
schools for girls and boys which are now of some importance. She is described in her 
epitaph as "Fasminei lux clara chori, pia, casta, pudica; sgris subsidium, pauperi- 
busque decus." V.G. 

(8) She inherited from Gregory the mansion of Hurstmonceaux. Ssef>ost, p. 14, 
note "a." V.G. 

C") This case is dealt with by J. H. Round in his Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, 
pp. 89-92, where it is shown that, apart from her claim, Sampson Lennard was 
claiming to be summoned y«r(^ uxoris from as early as 1596. V.G. 

(') According to the inscription on their tomb in Chevening Church. The 
negotiations for this marriage were carried on while Margaret and her mother were 
at Barham Court, Teston, Kent, as "Paying Guests" of James Barham, i.e. between 
12 Sep. 1563 and Apr. 1564. Mary, wife of James Barham, was related to Lord 
Dacre through her mother, Anne Fynes. {ex inform. R. G. FitzGerald-Uniacke). V.G. 

(') He was s. of John L., of Chevening, Kent((/. 12 Mar. 1 590/1), by Elizabeth, da. 
of William Harman, of Ellam, Crayford, Kent. V.G. 



12 DACRE 

and Aperfield, near Cudham, Kent, who was Sheriff of Kent, 1590-91, and 
M.P. for Newport (Cornwall) i57i,Bramber 1584-86, St. Mawes 1586-87, 
Christchurch 1588-89,81. Germans 1593, Rye 1597-98, Liskeard i6oi,and 
Sussex 1 6 14. She ^. 10 Mar. 161 1/2,(^) aged 70, at Chevening, andwas ^«r. 
there the same day. M.I. Her husband, who was about to have been sum. 
to the House of Lords in his wife's Barony, obtained by royal warrant, 
2 Apr. 1 612, the precedence due to the eldest son of "Lord Dacre of the 
South. "('') He d. 20, and was bur. 21 Sep. 161 5, at Chevening, aged 71. 
M.I. Inq. p. m. 



XII. 1612. 12. Henry (Lennard), Lord Dacre, s. and h., i'i3!/>. 

at Chevening, 25 Mar. 1569/70; admitted Lincoln's Inn 
15 Oct. 1588; knighted after the capture of Cadiz, by the Earl of Essex, 
22 or 27 June I596.('') M.P. for West Looe 1597. He w., in 1589 (her 
portion ;^2,2oo), Chrysogona, da. of Sir Richard Baker, of Sissinghurst, 
Kent, by his 2nd wife, Mary, da. of John Giffard. He d. 8, and was bur. 
9 Aug. 1616, at Chevening, aged 46.('') Inq. p. m. 14 Jac. I. Admon. 
21 Nov. 161 6. His widow, who was b. about 1573,0 was bur. at Cheven- 
ing, 30 Sep. 1 61 6. 

XIII. 1 61 6. 13. Richard (Lennard), Lord Dacre, s. and h., b. 

Apr. 1596, aged 20 years 4 months and 8 days at his 
father's death. He w., i stly, 1 4 July 1 6 1 7, at Paulerspury, Elizabeth, 3rd da. 
and coh. of Sir Arthur Throckmorton, of Paulerspury, Northants, by 
Anne, da. of Sir John Lucas, of Colchester, Essex. She d. in childbed, and 
was bur. 19 Feb. 1621 jl, at Chevening. He m., 2ndly, 4 Jan. 1624./ 5, at 
St. Giles's, Cripplegate, Dorothy, da. of Dudley (North), 3rd Lord North, 
by Frances, da. of Sir John Brocket. He d., at Hurstmonceaux, 20, and 
was bur. there 21 Aug. 1630, aged 34, leaving ;^50 a year to his cousin 
Randal (or Randolf) Dacre, the heir male of this family.(Q Will dat. 
25 Nov. 1624, pr. 30 Aug. 1630. Fun. certif. Inq. p. m. 5 Nov. 1630. 



(=") She became a Protestant, and is said to have "abounded as much in worth 
and virtue as in honour." She was on the worst of terms with her brother's wife. V.G. 

('') "A rare pattent of precedency granted to Sampson Lennard, circa 161 1, but 
not dated [i/f], the occasion being the death of his wife, Margaret, Baroness Dacre, in 
whose right he was to have been made Baron Dacre, but the Barony descending to his 
son, he was allowed only the precedency as an heir apparent of the dignity." (Black's 
Aihmolean MSS., no. 832). The original document, dated 2 Apr. ID Jac. I, is in the 
possession of Thomas Barrett Lennard. G.E.C. and V.G. 

("=) See vol. iii, p. 400, note "a." 

l^) " A new ague has appeared, and Lord Dacre and others are dead of it." 
(Letter of John Chamberlain, 24 Aug. 1616). V.G. 

(«) A portraitofher when aged 6, dated 1579, is (1914)31 the Vine, Hants. V.G. 

(') He re-built the house at Chevening after the designs of Inigo Jones. 



DACRE 13 

His widow ffi.y 28 Oct. 1650, at Chevening, Challoncr Chute, afterwards 
(1653) of the Vine, Hants, Speaker of the House of Commons (1658), 
who ^. 15 Apr. 1659, at Sutton Court, Chiswick. She was held, by the 
House of Lords in 1 661, to have forfeited, and lost in law, her privilege of 
Peerage, by marrying a Commoner. She was i>ur. 2 i Apr. 1 698, at Cheven- 
ing, aged 93. Will dat. July 1691 to Mar. 1694, pr. 1698. 

XIV. 1630. 14. Francis (Lennard), Lord Dacre, s. and h. by 

1st wife, i>. II IVIay 16 19, and bap. 20 Jan. 1619/20, at 
Paulerspury afsd.; matric. at Oxford (Merton Coll.) 15 Oct. 1634. On the 
death of his grandfather. Sir A. Throckmorton, 21 June 1626, he inherited 
a fourth of his estates in cos. Northants, Worcester, Bucks and Oxon. On 
the death of Randolf Dacre, in 1634 (the last h. male of the Dacre family), 
he claimed the estate of Gilsland, t^c, under the award of 1473 (see anu), 
but was forced to compromise matters with the Howard family (who then 
held it), receiving however the Manor of Dacre and other considerable lands 
In Cumberland, iffc. In the civil war he sided mostly with the Pari., which 
in 1 64 1 recommended him to be made Lord Lieut, of co. Hereford. He 
served on the Committee of both Houses for Irish Affairs in 1646. He, 
however, was one of 12 peers who had the courage to protest against the 
King's trial. In 1654 (though a Peer) he sat as M.P. for Sussex, during the 
8 months this sitting lasted. On 1 3 Dec. 1 66 1 he obtained a general pardon 
under the Great Seal. He w., in 1641 (cont. 16 Apr. 1 641), Elizabeth, then 
aged 16 (portion;^20,ooo), da. and eventually coh.ofPaul(BAYNiNG), ist Vis- 
count Bayning of Sudbury, by Anne, da. of Sir Henry Glemham. He d'. 
12 May 1662, after a short illness, in his lodgings in St. Martin's Lane, 
and was l>ur. at Chevening, aged 43. Will, in which he makes no mention 
of his wife,(^) dat. Sep. 1655, pr. May 1662, personalty ^/^S, 449. His 
widow m., before Easter 1664, David Walter, of Godstow, in Wolver- 
cote, Oxon, a Groom of the Bedchamber 1661 till his death, and Lieut. 
Gen. of the Ordnance 1670-72, who J. s.p., 22 Apr. 1679, "'^ London, 
aged 68, and was i>ur. at Wolvercote. M.I. She was, on 6 Sep. 1680, cr. 
COUNTESS OF SHEPEY, for life.C) She, who was k shortly before 
July 1624, d. in the parish of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, July 1686, and was 
lur. at Chevening, when her life Peerage became extinct. Will dat. 1 9 June 
1684 to 7 July 1686, pr. 19 July 1686. 



XV. 1662 15. Thomas (Lennard), Lord Dacre, s. and h., 1^. 13, 

to and bap. 18 May 1654, at St. Paul's, Covent Garden. He 

1 715. matric. at Oxford (Magd. Coll.) 23 Nov. 1667, M.A. 

23 Jan. 1668/9. On 5 Oct. 1674, he was cr. EARL OF 

(^) There had been serious " discontents" between them about this time. V.G. 
Q") Probably through the influence of her son's mother-in-law, the notorious 
Duchess of Cleveland. V.G. 



14 DACRE 

SUSSEX. He was Gent, of the Bedchamber 1680 to i685.(=) He 
m., 16 May 1674, at Hampton Court (she aged 12, and with a 
dower of ^20,000 from the King, which dower is still unpaid), Anne Palmer, 
otherwise Fitzroy,('') ist da. of the notorious Barbara, suo jure Duchess of 
Cleveland, her paternity being claimed by Charles 11 and acknowledged by 
Roger (Palmer), Earl of Castlemaine [I.], who was not at the time of her 
birth separated from her said mother. He was a strong Protestant, and actively 
promoted the Revolution in i688.('') In Dec. of that year his wife finally 
separated from him and joined the Court of her uncle, the exiled King at St. 
Germain. ('') W&d. s.p.m.s., at Chevening, 30 Oct., and was bur. there 1 1 Nov. 
1715, aged 61, when the Earldom of Sussex became f^c/iw/, and the Barony 
ofDacre fell into aZ-i^yawt^ between his two daughters. Admon. 14N0V. 1715. 
His widow, who was b. 1^ Feb. 1661/2, and who by royal warrant, 28 Feb. 
1 672/3, under the name of " the Lady Anne Fitzroy " had a grant of Arms, 
d. 16 May 1722, and was bur. at Linsted, Kent, aged 60. Will pr. I722.(*) 



(*) Through litigation, reckless extravagance, and losses by gambling, he had to 
sell, in 1708, Hurstmonceaux and other estates. The castle had been built in 1460 
by Roger Fiennes. Acting on the unfortunate advice of the architect Wyatt, in 1775, 
the Rev. Robert Hare, the then owner, gutted this magnificent edifice and used the 
materials to build the house now (1914) known as Hurstmonceaux Place. His son 
sold the property in 1807 for ^60,000 to Mr. Kemp, M.P. for Lewes. V.G. 

C") The following extraordinary extract is given in Lysons' Environs, 1790, from 
the registers of Hampton, Midx.: "the Rt. Hon. Thomas Dakers, Earl of Sessex and 
the Lady Anne Marito, married Aug. 11, 167 1." In that year this Earldom did 
not exist, while the Lady Anne Fitzroy was certainly unm. in Feb. 1672/3. 

(<=) He afterwards voted with the Tories, and signed the protests against 
Fenwick's attainder, Sacheverell's impeachment, and the address condemning the Peace 
of Utrecht. V.G. 

{^) Early in 1677, being dissatisfied with his wife's conduct, and especially with 
her intimacy with the vicious Duchess of Mazarin, he removed her, going very un- 
willingly, from the Court to Hurstmonceaux. After amusing herself for a time with 
hunting, hawking, " nyne pinns," " crekitt matches," iffc, she became quite tired both 
of the country and of her husband, and before the end of the year definitely left him to 
go and live with her mother in Paris. During that lady's temporary absence she sup- 
planted her in the affections of Ralph Montagu (afterwards Duke of Montagu), then 
ambassador there, who lived with her " in open scandal, to the wonder of the French 
Court, and the high displeasure of this." (Letter of Henry Savile, 2 July 1678, 
Hist. MSS. Com., Lord Bath's MSS., vol. ii, p. 166). About 1681 she returned to 
England, and resumed cohabitation with her husband, and about this time Rochester 
joins her name with Cleveland, Portsmouth, Nell Gwynne, and others in his poem as 
" Strangers to good but bosom friends to ill. 
As boundless in their lusts as in their will." 
Judging from her portrait at Belhus, by the Swedish painter, M. Dahl, she must have 
been very handsome. She was as profligate as might have been expected from her 
birth and surroundings. V.G. 

(*) Her property consisted of ^^4,050 nominal of South Sea Stock, which at the 
date of her death must have been almost valueless. V.G. 



DACRE 15 

[Charles Lennard, styled Lord Dacre, ist s. and h. ap., bap. at 
Windsor Castle, Whitsun Eve, 3 June 1682, Charles II being sponsor. 
He d. v.p., 13 Mar. 1 683/4.0] 



XVI. 1741. 16. Anne, jtto_;«rf Baroness Dacre, 2nd and yst. da., 

who, on the death s.p., of her sister, Barbara, wife of 
Charles Skelton (Lieut. Gen. in the French Service), at Paris, in 1741, 
inherited that title as sole surv. h. to her father. She was b. 17 Aug. 
1684, and became a Rom. Cath. in 1698. She m., istly, 15 June 171 6, 
at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, her 2nd cousin, Richard Barrett, s. and h. 
ap. of Dacre Barrett (who d. i Jan. 1724/5), of Belhus, in Aveley, Essex, 
who was s. and h. of Richard Barrett C") (who ^.28 Apr. 1696, at Belhus), 
of the same, a yr. s. (being only s. by the 2nd wife) of Richard Lennard, 
13th Lord Dacre above mentioned. He, who was b. Oct. 1682, and ed. at 
Eton, June 1 692-1 700, d'. of the smallpox, v.p., 24 Dec. 171 6, in London, 
but 6 months after his marriage, and was bur. at Aveley. She m., 2ndly, 
Mar. 1 7 17/8 (as his 3rd wife), Henry (Roper), 8th Baron Teynham. He 
d. 16 May 1723, and was bur. at Linsted, Kent. She m., 3rdly, 16 Oct. 1725, 
at St. James's, Westm., the Hon. Robert Moore, of West Lodge, Enfield 
Chase, yr. s. of Henry, 3rd Earl of Drogheda [I.], for which marriage 
(she being "a Papist") he reed, pardon 3 Feb. 1725/6 (enrolled 6 June 
1727). He, who was bap. 11 Apr. 1688, at St. Margaret's, Westm., was 
M.P. for CO. Louth 1 713-14, and for Belfast 1715-27, and was bur. 5 Oct. 
1762, at Reading, where he had been in gaol.('^) She d. 26 June, and was 
bur. 3 July 1755, at St. Anne's, Westm., aged 70.('') 



XVII. 1755. 17. Thomas (Barrett-Lennard), Lord Dacre, s. 

and h., b. 20 Apr. 1 7 1 7, posthumous child of ist husband. 

On the death of his grandfather, Dacre Barrett, i Jan. 1724/5, he, being then 

at school at Greenwich, inherited his estates in Norfolk, Ireland, and in Essex, 

(") His only br., Henry, also d. an infant. V.G. 

(*") He, who had inherited the manor of Horsford, Norfolk, from his father (see 
under Joan, Baroness Dacre, 1458-86), inherited the estate of Belhus, in Aveley, 
Essex, in 1644, on condition of assuming the name of Barrett, under the will of his 
2nd cousin once removed, Edward (Barrett), Baron Newburgh [S.], 3rd in descent 
from George Barrett, and Elizabeth, only da. and h. of Thomas Dineley, from which 
Elizabeth, he himself, through his father's mother, Chrysogona, da. of Sir Richard 
Baker, s. of Sir John B., by the said Elizabeth, was 4th in descent. See under Henry, 
Lord Dacre, 1612-16. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(■=) See The Families of Lennard and Barrett, ut supra, pp. 5 6 1-2. The date 
given for his death in the Peerages is 3 July 1728. V.G. 

i^) She, who was a lady of fashion, and a great gambler, sold in conjunction 
with her sister, the estate of Chevening, Kent, to Lord Stanhope, 15 June I 71 7, for 
£28,000. She also disposed of Dacre Castle and other estates in Cumberland, V.G. 



i6 DACRE 

where he chiefly resided. ('') Ed. at Harrow, being still there 29 Mar. 1732. 
Admitted Lincoln's Inn 21 Feb. 1733/4; F.S.A. 12 May 1745. Having 5«c. 
his mother in the Peerage, he took his seat in the House, 13 Nov. I755.('') 
He ;«., 15 May 1739, at St. Geo. Chapel, Hyde Park, Anna Maria, sister 
of Charles, ist Earl Camden, da. of Sir John Pratt, Lord Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench, by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth, da. of the Rev. Hugh 
Wilson, Canon of Bangor. He d. s.p.s. legit. ,(f) 6 Jan. 1786, aged 69, at 
his town house, 22 Bruton Str., and was bur. at Aveley.('^) Will dat. 
Feb. 1784, pr. Feb. 1786. His widow d. 11 Aug. 1806, at Beckenham, 
Kent, and was bur. at Aveley. Will pr. 1 806. 
XVIIL 1786. 18. Trevor Charles (Roper), Lord Dacre, nephew 

and h., being s. and h. of the Hon. Charles Roper, by 
Gertrude, sister and coh. of John Trevor, of Glynde, Sussex, and 7th da. of 
John Morley-Trevor, which Charles was 2nd s. of Anne, suo jure Baroness 
Dacre abovenamed, being her ist s. by her 2nd husband, Lord Teynham, 
and d. v.m., 4 Feb. 1754. He was b. 14 June, and bap. i July 1745, at East 
Barnet, Herts. He m., 2 Mar. 1773, at Lambeth Palace Chapel, Mary, 
only da. and h. of Sir Thomas Fludyer, of Lee, Kent, by Mary, da. of Sir 
George Champion, Alderman of London. He d. s.p., 4 July 1794, at Lee, 
and was bur. there, aged 49. Will pr. July 1794. She, who was b. June 
1755, d. at Lee 11 Sep. iSoSjC') and was bur. there. M.L Will pr. 1808. 
XIX. 1 794. 1 9. Gertrude, suo jure Baroness Dacre, sister and h., 

b. 25 Aug. 1750, at Southgate, Midx. She m., 20 Apr. 
1 77 1, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Thomas Brand, of the Hoo, Herts, who d. 

(*) He largely remodelled Belhus, the old Tudor mansion, built before 1527, 
converting it " into a sort of ' Strawberry Hill ' Gothic castle," his friends, Horace 
Walpole and Sanderson Miller, assisting him, whilst he employed " Capability " 
Brown to carry out similar improvements, so called, in the grounds. V.G. 

C") Though nominally a Whig, and joining in the protest of the Whig peers 
against the proceedings relating to Wilkes in 1763, he took little part in politics, but 
voted against Fox's India Bill. V.G. 

C^) His only legit, child, Anne Barbara, b. 1740, d. 14 Mar. 1749, of fever. 
Lord Dacre had a son Thomas, h. Jan. 1762, and a da. Barbara, h. July 1766, by a 
woman named FitzThomas. The children assumed the names of Barrett-Lennard 
by Royal Licence under the terms of their father's will. By this will Thomas, sub- 
ject to Lady Dacre's life interest, sue. to his father's estates in Essex, Norfolk, and 
Ireland. These children were brought up at Belhus by Lady Dacre as if they had been 
her own. In 1798, during the Napoleonic scare, Thomas raised and commanded a 
troop of yeomanry, for which services he was in 1801 cr. a Baronet. V.G. 

if) " He was very like Charles I in the face. A very elegant scholar, and the 
best company in the world, when in good health and spirits, but he was peevish at 
times, from bad health; he was a remarkably good Herald and antiquary." He was a 
martyr to rheumatic gout, being entirely crippled by it for many years before his 
death. He had literary tastes, and was, according to Gent. Mag., " a zealous friend 
of liberty and the Protestant religion." Horace Walpole refers to him as "a worthy 
conscientious man, unpractised in speaking." [George II, vol. ii, p. 175). V.G. 

(^) She is said to have paid a visit daily to her husband's tomb, during the 14 
years for which she survived him. 



DACRE 17 

21 Feb. 1794. She <3'. 3 Oct. 18 19, at her house at Wimbledon, aged 69.('') 
Willpr. 1 8 19. 

XX. 1 8 19. 20. Thomas (Brand), Lord Dacre, s. and h., b. at 

the Hoo afsd., 15 Mar. 177+; Barrister (Line. Inn) 1800; 
M.P. (Whig) for Helston Jan. to Apr. 1807, for Herts 1807-19. He «;., 
4 Dec. 1 8 19, at Bishop's Waltham, Hants, Barbarina, widow of Valentine 
Henry Wilmot, 2nd or 3rd da. of Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle, ist Bart., 
by Hester, da. of John Thomas, Bishop of Winchester. He d. s.p., 
21 Mar. 1 85 1, at the Hoo afsd., aged 77. His widow, who was b. 9 May 
1768, d. 17 May 1854, in her 87th year, in Chesterfield Str., Mayfair.C") 
Will pr. June 1854. 

XXL 1 85 1. 21. Henry Otway (Trevor), Lord Dacre, br. and h., 

b. 11 July 1777, at the Hoo. He entered the army in 
1793, serving in Flanders; was at Copenhagen in 1807; in the Peninsula 
with the 1st batt. of the Coldstream Guards, 1808-12; was in command of 
that regt. at Salamanca, for which he received the gold medal, having also 
the silver medal for his services at Talavera and Busaco. C.B. 4 June 1 8 1 5 ; 
Major Gen. 1821, Lieut. Gen. 1837, Gen. in the army 1851; Col. of the 
31st Foot 1847-53. In pursuance of the will of John (Trevor-Hampden), 
3rd and last Viscount Hampden (who d. 9 Sep. 1824), he, by royal lie. 
18 Nov. 1824, took, for himself alone, the name of Trevor in lieu of that 
of Brand. A Liberal. He m., 24 July 1806, at St. Geo., Han. 
Sq., Pyne, formerly wife of Sir John Benjamin Gordon, 6th Bart. [S. 1686], 
of Park (marriage annulled by Act of Pari. 1 806), sister and coh. of W^illiam, 
4th Baron Brandon [I.], da. of the Hon. Maurice Crosbie, Dean of 
Limerick, by his 2nd wife, Pyne, da. of Sir Henry Cavendish, Bart. She 
d. 23 Jan. 1844, at Glynde. He d. 2 June 1853, in his 76th year, in Great 
Cumberland Place, Midx., and was bur. at Glynde, Sussex. M.I. Will 
pr. July 1853. 

XXII. 1853. 22. Thomas Crosbie William (Trevor), Lord 

Dacre, s. and h., b. 5 Dec. 1808; ed. at Magd. Coll. 
Cambridge, and matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 11 May 1827; M.P. (Liberal) for 
Herts 1847-52. By royal lie, 12 Apr. 1851, he took the name of Trevor 
in lieu of that of Brand. Lord Lieut, of Essex 1865-69. He ni., 12 Jan. 
1837, in St. Geo., Han. Sq., Susan Sophia, ist da. of Charles Compton 
(Cavendish), ist Baron Chesham, by Catherine Susan, da. of George 
(Gordon), 9th Marquess of Huntly [S.]. He d. s.p., 26 Feb. 1890, 
aged 81, at the Hoo, and was bur. at Kimpton, Herts. His widow, who 
was b. I Mar. 18 17, d. at the Priory, Royston, Herts, 13, and was bur. 
18 Aug. 1896, at Kimpton afsd., aged 79. Personalty ;^i3,652. 

(*) Her portrait was painted by Greuze. Her husband was "a very elegant 
and expensive Commoner, whose hospitality far exceeded his means." {Lives of 
Celebrated Persons, vol. iii, p. 459). V.G. 

C") She was authoress of some poems, dramas, is'c. 

3 



i8 DACRE 

XXIII. 1890. 23. Henry Bouverie William (Brand), Viscount 
Hampden of Glynde and Lord Dacre, br. and h., b. 
24 Dec. 1 8 1 4. Having been Speaker of the House of Commons, 1 8 72-84, 
he was, 4 Mar. 1884, cr. VISCOUNT HAMPDEN OF GLYNDE, 
Sussex. See that title. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 6,658 acres in Herts, 3,600 
in Essex, 2,081 in co. Cambridge, and 978 in Suffolk. Total, 13,317 acres, 
worth ;^ 1 6,632 a year. Principal Residence. — The Hoo, near Welwyn, Herts. 



DACRE (of Gilsland), DACRE (of Dacre) 1509, DACRE 

AND GREYSTOKE 1529, and afterwards DACRE (of 

the North) 

BARONY. Randolf Dacre, ist surv. s. and h. male or Thomas 

(Dacre), Lord Dacre, by Philippe, da. of Ralph 

I. 1459 (Neville), Earl of Westmorland, was sum. to Pari., 

to by writ directed Ranulpho Dacre de Gillesland' chivaler, 

1461. 9 Oct. (1459) 38 Hen. VI^*) (the same date as that 

whereon Sir Richard Fiennes, husband of the \\&\t general, 

was also so sum. as Lord Dacre), whereby he is held to have become 

LORD DACRE (of Gilsland). He m. Eleanor, da. of William (Fitz- 

Hugh), Lord FitzHugh, by Margaret, da. of William (Willoughby), 

Lord Willoughby (of Eresby). He d. s.p., being slain, ex parte regis Henrici, 

29 Mar. 1 46 1, at the battle of Towton, and was bur. at Saxton, co. York, 

when his honours became extinct. By Act of Pari, i Edw. IV he and his br. 

Humphrey (next below) were attainted. His widow was living 1 9 May 1468. 



II. 1473 I. Humphrey Dacre, yr. s. of Thomas (Dacre), 

or Lord Dacre, by Philippe, da. of Ralph (Neville), 

1482. Earl of Westmorland, was br. and h. to Ran- 

dolf, Lord Dacre (of Gilsland) abovenamed, with whom 
he was attainted.^') He received a general pardon for all offences com- 
mitted by him before Midsummer last, 21 June 1468. As Humphrey 

(^) There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

('') Pari. Rolls, vol. v, p. 480. In July 1462, "castrum de Newarde 
[Naworth] redditum est domino de Monte acuto. Et dominus de Dacres reddidit se 
sub certis appunctuamentis domino de Montagu " (William of Worcester, p. 493). 
According to Paston Letter, no. 459 (July 1462) "Lord Dakres of the Northe is 
wonne and yelden and the seid Lord [and others] in the said Castell ben taken and 
heded " — a mistake. Various "obsequious" services rendered by him (according to 
Dugdale and others) to Edwrard IV should be ascribed to the Lord Dacre of the 
South, [ex inform. G. W. Watson). V.G. 



DACRE 19 

Dacre kt., Lord Dacre [^/V],('') he was made Chief Forester of Inglewood 
Forest, 25 Jan. 1 469/70. C") His attainder and that of his br. were reversed 
on petition in the Pari. 12-13 Edw. IV.(') This reversal of the attainder 
made him (under the entailing deeds made by his father) heir to most of the 
estates, though the possession thereof was still disputed by the heir 
general. Each of the parties having agreed in a bond of 10,000 marks to 
abide by the King's arbitrament, the award made under the Privy Seal, 
8 Apr. 1473, allotted Gilsland to Humphrey, as heir male, while as to 
the Peerage (the title and precedency of Thomas, the late Lord Dacre, being 
allowed to the heir general), it was enacted " that the said Humfrey Dacre, 
Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord 
Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named, and called the LORD DACRE 
OF GILLESLAND," and " have, use, and keepe the place in our Parls.('^) 
next adjoining beneath the said place that the said Richard Fenys, Knt., 
Lord Dacre, now hath and occupieth," whereby, apparently, a Barony in 
TAIL MALE was Created. (^) He was sum. to Pari, from 15 Nov. (1482) 
22 Edw. IV to 9 Dec. (1483) i Ric. Ill, by writs directed Humfrido Dacre 
de Gillesland\ Governor of Carlisle Castle; was present at the Coronation of 
Richard III in 1483,0 and was Warden, 5 Sep. 1484, of the West 

(^) I.e. three years before his attainder was reversed and the title confirmed to 
him by the award of 8 Apr. 1473. V.G. 

(b) Patent Roll, 9 Edw. IV, p. 2, m. 13. {ex inform. G. W. Watson). V.G. 

("=) This petition was presented in Pari. 8 Feb. 1472/3. In it Humphrey states 
that he had been admitted to the King's grace at the Palace of Westm., 2 Edw. IV. 
And "as the seid Humfrey is as repentaunt and sorowfuU as eny creature may be, 
of all that which the seid Randolf or he have doon or committed," he prays for the 
reversal of the attainders, and that the fieffment and fines (set out mpra, p. I, 
note "f," and page 7, notes "f" and "g") " be good and efFectuell." " Soit fait come 
il est desire." He therefore obtained the estates in Cumberland and Westmorland 
entailed on the heirs male of the body of Thomas, Lord of Dacre (together, however, 
with Halton), and Joan wife of Richard Fynes kt. obtained Holbeach, Fishwick, and 
Eccleston. {Pari. Rolls, vol. vi, pp. 43-45). {ex inform. G. W. Watson). V.G. 

{^) As to Precedency of Peers in Pari, by Royal Warrant, see vol. i. Appendix C; 
and for a very similar award by James I, see vol. i, p. 36, note " c." 

{^) "From this period, therefore, I conceive this Sir Humfrey Dacre is to be 
accounted Baron Dacre of Gillesiand, holding that dignity only to himself and the heirs 
male of the body of his father, and not as a Barony by Writ." (Townsend's 
additions to Dugdale, in Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. v, p. 321). See, however, last 
sentence of note "g," p. 9. See also p. 9, notes "a" and " b." 

(*) At the Coronation of Richard III, 6 July 1483, there were present 35 Peers, 
viz: 3 Dukes, 9 Earls, 2 Viscounts, 21 Barons: also 70 Knights. The peers (whose 
surnames when differing from their title are given in italics within brackets) were as 
under, viz.: Dukes — i, Buckingham {Stafford); 2, Norfolk {Howard) and 3, Suffolk 
{De la Pole). Earls — i, Northumberland {Percy); 2, Arundel {Fitzalan); 3, Kent 
{Grey); 4, Surrey {Howard); 5, Wiltshire {Stafford); 6, Huntingdon {Herbert); 7, 
Nottingham {Berkeley); 8, Warwick {Plantagenet) and 9, Lincoln {De la Pole). 
Viscounts — i. Lisle {Grey) and 2, Lovell. Barons — i, Audley {Tuchet); 2, Dacre; 
3, Ferrers {Devereux); 4, Powis {Grey); 5, FitzHugh; 6, Scrope (of Masham); 7, Scrope 
(of Bolton); 8, Grey (of Codnor); 9, Grey (of Wilton); lO, Stourton; 11, Cobham 



20 DACRE 

Marches. He m. Mabel (incorrectly called Maud),(^) da. of Sir Thomas 
Parr, of Kendal, Westmorland, by Alice, da. of Sir Thomas Tunstall, of 
Thurland Castle, co. Lancaster. He d. 30 May 1485, and was bur. at 
Lanercost. M.I. His widow had a grant of the wardship of Thomas, his 
s. and h., 4 Mar. 1485/6. She d. 14 Nov. 1508 [not 1509], and was bur. 
at Lanercost. M.I. Will dat. 20 Dec. (1503) 19 Hen. VII, acknowledged 
9 Jan. following-C") 

III. 1485. 2. Thomas (Dacre), Lord Dacre (of Gilsland), s. 

and h., b. 25 Nov. 1467. (■=) Appointed a Lieut, of the 
West Marches 3 May I486,('^) and appears to have acted in that capacity 
and as Deputy Warden and Warden till within a short time of his death ;(') 
he fought at the siege of Norham Castle 1494; K.B. 18 Feb. 1503/4; as 
Lord Dacre of the North he was excepted from the general pardon, 30 Apr. 
1 509. He was sum. to Pari, from 1 7 Oct. (i 509) i Hen. VIII (and possibly 
earlier) (*) to 23 Nov. (i 5 14) 6 Hen. VIII, by writs directed Thome Dacres de 
Dacres. He distinguished himself at the head of a troop of horse at 
Flodden, 9 Sep. 15 13; nom. K.G. 24 Apr., inst. 16 May 15 18. He m., 

[Brooke); 12, Morley {Lovel); 13, Abergavenny {Nevill); 14, Zouch; 15, Ferrers 
of Groby [Grey); 16, Welles {Hastings); 17, Lumley; 18, Mautravers {Fitzalan, s. 
and h. ap. of the Earl of Arundel); 19, Herbert (Qy. if s. and h. of the Earl of 
Huntingdon?); 20, Beauchamp (of Powick) and 21, Stanley [cr. a few months later 
Earl of Derby], whose name, however, is omitted from the list (I. 18) in the College 
of Arms, but given in that printed in the Excerpta Historica (1831), where (pp. 
379-384), is a full account of that Coronation from an old roll, with a list of those 
present (the variations therein from the above list and from another list in no. 1386 
of the Harl. MSS. being duly noticed) taken from Harl. MS. 21 15. 

if) In July 1509 Thomas Dacre prayed for discharge of a recognizance in which 
he was bound with George, Lord FitzHugh, for his mother, Dame Mabel Dacre, 
accused of having ravished a ward of the King, for which she was committed to prison 
and remained there three-quarters of a year. [Letters and Papers, Henry VHI, vol. i, 
no. 380, p. 51). V.G. 

C) Enrolled on Close Roll, 20 Hen. VII, p. 2, no. 15. [ex inform. G. W. 
Watson). V.G. 

("=) Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. I, nos. 12, 162. 

(<') Bain, Cal. of Documents [S.], vol. iv, 1357-1509, no. 1519, p. 311. V.G. 

(^) He was an exceedingly vigorous soldier, though suffering from gout, " so as I 
may not stir, if fire should bren my bed, without help," and is described by his superior 
officer, the Earl of Surrey, thus: — "There is no hardier or better knight, but often he 
neglects order." According to the Bishop of Carlisle in 1 5 22, he had " good wit and 
good fortune." Writing, I Apr. 1524, to the Earl of Surrey, he speaks of his anxiety 
to be relieved of his office as Warden on account of "myne age, debilitie, disease of 
the gowte, and my leg which troubleth me very sore." V.G. 

(') Le Sr Dacre de Dacre was one of those appointed a trier of petitions in the 
Pari, of 19 Hen. VII (1503). [Pari. Rolls, vol. vi, p. 521). No writs for this Pari, are 
now extant. He also figures in a bogus list concocted by Dugdale [Summonses, pp.491 -2), 
as having been sum. to a Pari, beginning 12 Nov. (15 15) 7 Hen. VIII (really the 
date to which the Pari., which first sat 5 Feb. 15 14/5, and to which he had been 
sum., was prorogued). As to this list see sub ii Lord Willoughby (of Broke). V.G. 



DACRE 21 

about 1488, Elizabeth, (') according to modern doctrine, suo jure 
Baroness Greystoke, da. and sole h. of Sir Robert Greystoke, by 
Elizabeth, da. of Edmund (Grey), Earl of Kent, which Sir Robert (who 
d. v.p. 1483) was s. and h. ap. of Ralph, Lord Greystoke, who d. 1487. 
She, who was b. and bap. 10 July 147 1 or 1472 at Morpeth, d. 14 Aug. 
I5i6.('') He d. on the Borders, 24 Oct. 1525, by a fall from his horse, 
and was bur. at Lanercost, in his 59th year. Admon. (de bonis non), 2 Nov. 
1565, P.C.C, to his grandsons, Leonard and Edward Dacre. 

IV. 1525. 3. William (Dacre), Lord Dacre (of Gilsland) 

and Lord Greystoke, only s. and h., b. 29 Apr. 
I500.(') On his mother's death, in 15 16, he was regarded as having sue. 
to the Barony of Greystoke. ('^) Capt. of Norham Castle Feb. 1 522/3. (") 
He had special livery, without proof of age, of all the lands of his inherit- 
ance, 23 Jan. and i Feb. 1525/6.0 He was sum. to Pari, from 3 Nov. 
(1529) 21 Hen. VIII to 21 Oct. (1555) 2 and 3 Ph. and Mar., by writs 
variously directed WiUelmo Dacre., Willelmo Dacres de Dacre et Greystok ; as 
de Gillesland; or de Greystok, or as del North.{f) In 18 Hen. VIIl, as 
" William Lord Dacre and Greystoke," he was appointed Steward of 
Penrith and divers other northern manors. Warden of the West Marches 
2 Dec. 1527 to 8 May I534,(^) when he was accused of treason by some 
Scots "of mean condition," and committed to the Tower about 15 May 
following,(') being acquitted 9 July I534.(') It was in this case that the 
judges answered in the negative the question put to them whether he 

(^) "... Eliza his sole daughter and heir [i.e. of Robert Greistock] ... did 
inheritt all the sayd landes and was ward to the Kinge for the same. The custodye 
of whose bodye being graunted to the Earl of Oxford and commited by him to the 
Lord Clifford, who kept her at his caste!!, Browmham in Westmoreland, from whom 
Thomas Lord Dacre without leave asking, but not without perill to his person, did 
take her, married her, and by her had yssue, bsc." {Narrative by Lord IVilliam Howard, 
Surtees Soc, vol. 68, p. 391). V.G. 

(^) Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 32, nos. 6, 8. According to her M.I. she d. 
21 Aug. The date of her death is given as 13 Aug. in the Obituary of the Abbey 
of Newminster. {Monasticon, vol. v, p. ^^o). V.G. 

C^) Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 32, nos. 6, 8. V.G. 

('^) In the marriage articles between his father and future father-in-law, dated 
I Dec. 1 51 7, he is spoken of as "William lord Greystoke son and heire apparante 
unto the said lord Dacre." V.G. 

(*) Archceologia, vol. xvii, p. 202. V.G. 

(f) Patent Roll, 17 Hen. VIII, p. 2, mm. 21, 22; Duchy of Lane. Misc. Books, 
vol. 22, f. 82 v. [ex inform. G. W. Watson). V.G. 

(6) These Lords were generally called Dacre of the North, to distinguish them 
from the Lords Dacre, resident in Sussex and Kent, generally known as Dacre of the 
South. 

1^) Letters and Papers, Henry FHI, vol. vii, no. 962, p. 368. V.G. 

(') Ibid., no. 674, p. 258. V.G. 

(') Ibid., no. 962, p. 370. V.G. 



22 DACRE 

could waive his right to be tried by his peers. (^) In 1530 he sub- 
scribed the letter to the Pope urging the Queen's divorce. In 1534, 
he claimed precedence of the Lord MorleyjC") which was decided 
against him. He was one of the 12 mourners at the funeral of 
Henry VIII,('=) and one of the 4 peers who protested in the House of 
Lords against the Book of Common Prayer.('') He had command of the 
rearguard in the Scottish Expedition of I547.(') Appointed Warden of 
the West Marches and Gov. of Carlisle 17 Apr. 1549,0 to Feb. 1 550/1, and 
of the West and Middle Marches 2 Jan. 1 553/4 (^) to May 1555,0 ^"^ 
of the West Marches May 1555 to Apr. 1563, when Henry, Lord Scrope 
of Bolton, sue. him. One of the Commissioners to make peace with Scotland 
1560. He m. (cont. dat. i Dec. 1517), between 18 May 1519Q and 
1527, Elizabeth, 5th da. of George (Talbot), 4th Earl of Shrews- 
bury, by Anne, da. of William (Hastings), Lord Hastings. She was 
living 6 May I552.(') He d. at Kirkoswald, 18 Nov.,('') and was iur. 
14 Dec. 1563, in Carlisle Cathedral, aged 6t,. Admon., 3 Oct. 1564, 
18 Jan. 1^86/-], and 2 Dec. 1590, P.C.C. 



V. 1563. 4. Thomas (Dacre), Lord Dacre (of Gilsland) 

and Lord Greystoke, s. and h., aged 37 and more in 
i563/4.('') Knighted Sep. 1547. M.P. for Cumberland 1553. He was 
never sum. to Pari. He m., istly, Elizabeth, da. of Ralph (Neville), 
4th Earl of Westmorland, by Catherine, da. of Edward (Stafford), 

(^) For this trial see 3rd Rep. D.K. Pub. Records, App. II, pp. 234-36. 

('') He probably considered the old Barony of Multon of Gilsland {1307), of 
which the former Lords Dacre were heirs, to have been transferred, together with 
the lands of Gilsland, by the award of 1473. G.E.C. It is possible, however, that the 
claim was made in right of the Barony of Greystoke, which, if the sitting of 1295 (of 
which there is proof) were allowed, would certainly precede the date of the Barony 
of Morley (1299); but the succession of the Lords Dacre to the peerage Barony of 
Greystoke seems never to have been fully acknowledged, unless perhaps by the writs 
issued to Dacre de Grcystocky which were, however, not continued, being followed by 
writs to Dacre de Gillesland, under which designation the last Baron was sum. 
SoSep. (1566) SEliz. V.G. 

(') Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials, vol. ii, pt. 2, p. 291. V.G. 

(d) Ibid., vol. ii, pt. I, p. 133. V.G. 

(^) King Edward's Journal, ed. for the Roxburghe Club by J. G. Nichols. V.G. 

Patent Roll, 3 Edw. VI, />. 6, mm. 12-13. V.G. 

(8) Acts of the Privy Council, 1552-4, p. 382. V.G. 

(h) Ibid., p. 123. V.G. 

(') Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, vol. iii, part I, pp. 79-80. On I Dec. 15 I 7 
articles were drawn up for his marriage with Mary, another da. of the same Earl of 
Shrewsbury. {Ibid., vol. ii, part 2, pp. 1198-9). V.G. 

(J) Will of William Dacre's illegit, br.. Sir Thomas Dacre of Lanercost, in Reg. 
Test. Ebor., vol. 17, fol. 559. 

C) Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 138, no. 7. 



DACRE 23 

Duke of Buckingham. She d. s.p. He ;«., 2ndly, Elizabeth, 2nd da. of 
Sir James Leyburne, of Cunswick, Westmorland, being ist da. by his 
2nd wife, Helen, da. of Thomas Preston. He d. at Kirkoswald, 
I, and was bur. 25 July 1566, in Carlisle Cathedral. Admon., 9 Sep. 

1566, at York. His widow ;«., after 9 Sep. 1566, as his 3rd wife, Thomas 
(Howard), Duke of Norfolk, who was beheaded 2 June 1572. She d. 
in childbed, at Kenninghall, Norfolk, 4,(^) and was bur. there 18 Sep. 

1567. Admon., 19 June 1568, P.C.C. 



VI. 1566 5. George (Dacre), Lord Dacre (of Gilsland) 

to and Lord Greystoke, 2nd, but only surv.C") s. and h., 

1569. under 5 at his father's death, who (though described as 

infra atateni) was sum. to Pari. 30 Sep. (1566) 8 Eliz. 

He d. 17 May 1569, from a fall off a wooden horse, at Thetford, 

Norfolk, aged 7 years. The nature of his Peerage (which was assumed by 

the heir male as a Barony in tail male) being called in question, it was 

adjudicated by the Commissioners (■=) as having been cr. by writ,('') and 

consequently as being (then) in abeyance between the three sisters and 

coheirs of the last Lord.('') Any right possessed by the Lords Dacre 

(1516-69) to the Barony of Greystoke, fell also into such abeyance. 



(^) Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. I 51, no. 2. V.G. 

('') His elder br., Francis, d. an infant. (Egerton MSS., no. 1075, p. 17, Harl. 
MSS., no. 154, f. 25b, 465, f. 39, and Harl. Soc, vol. xvi, p. 85). V.G. 

(°) These Commissioners were appointed at the request of (the Duke of Norfolk) 
the Earl Marshal (in lieu of adjudicating thereon himself) to avoid suspicion of favour, 
inasmuch as he was stepfather and guardian of the three sisters and coheirs of the last 
Baron, all of whom he afterwards married to his three sons. Their decision, how- 
ever, appears to have been much influenced by the Duke's views and interest. 
Townsend (in Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. v, p. 328) remarks on it, "This decision was 
wrong. The award of King Edward IV did certainly entail the Barony of Dacre of 
Gillesland, with advice of the Judges in Pari, upon the heirs male of the body of 
Thomas, Lord Dacre, who d. 37 Hen. VI [w]; George, the young Lord, inherited the 
dignity as heir male, and upon his death without issue, Leonard became heir male, 
and in that character rightfully assumed the title of Lord Dacre of Gillesland." See 
also next p., notes "a" and " b." 

i^) The writ to which they ascribe its origin is "13 Edw. IV," a writ which 
actually does not exist, no Pari, having been sum. between 12 and 22 Edw. IV. To 
this lastnamed Pari. (1482) the first Lord was first sum., while the date (1473) 
13 Edw. IV, was that of the award of the Barony to heirs male. The Commissioners 
do not appear to have had before them this award of the King, it having, not im- 
probably, been purposely withheld to favour the Howard claims; at all events no refer- 
ence whatever is made to it, so that, if produced, it must have been purposely 
ignored. 

(^) These were, 15 June 1569, (i) Anne, aged 12 years, 2 months, 3 days, 
who m. in I 571, Philip (Howard), Earl of Arundel, ancestor of the Dukes of Norfolk. 



24 DACRE 



DACRE (of Gilsland) 

[" If the award in the 13 Edw. IV (1473), be held to have created the 
Barony of Dacre of Gillesland, a point on which there is much difficulty in 
giving an opinion,(^) and the dignity was descendible in the manner speci- 
fied therein {i.e. to the heirs male of the body of Humphrey \recte Thomas] 
Dacre), it became vested in 1569, in Leonard Dacre, the then claimant, and 
[subsequently] in the heir male of the body of the said Humphrey 
[Thomas]." {Courthope). The succession would then be as under.] 

BARONY. 6. Leonard Dacre, of Naworth Castle, Cumber- 

^.. , land, and of West Harlsey, co. York, calling himself 

■ ^^ 9- Lord Dacre (of Gilsland), uncle and h. male. His 

claim to the Barony was disallowed in 1 569 by the Commissioners C") acting 
for the Earl Marshal. Deputy Warden of the West Marches during his 
father's absence, Aug. to Oct. 1558, and perhaps later, and was thanked 
in Jan. 1558/9 for his services against the Scots. M.P. for Cumberland 
1558-59 and 1563-67. He joined in the conspiracy of the Northern 
Earls in Nov. 1569, in favour of the Queen of Scots, and was defeated 
by Lord Hunsdon, with a much inferior force, 20 Feb. 1569/70, near his 
own castle of Naworth,(') and proclaimed a traitor the next day. He 



{2) Mary, aged 5 years, 1 1 months, 1 1 days, contracted to m. Thomas Howard, after- 
wards Earl of Suffolk, but d. before reaching the age of consent. (3) Elizabeth, aged 
4 years, 7 months, 3 days, m. Lord William Howard. All three were sons of Thomas, 
4th Duke of Norfolk, stepfather to the three sisters. The youngest sister inherited 
Naworth Castle, her moiety of the Baronies in abeyance being represented by the 
Earl of Carlisle. The eldest inherited Greystoke, her moiety being represented by 
(i) the Lord Mowbray, Segrave, and Stourton, and (2) the Lord Petre. 

(^) " Dignities, unless originating by writ or by Act of Pari., are created by Letters 
Patent under the Great Seal, and as the award is stated to have been under the King's 
Privy Seal only, it may with great propriety be argued that it was not a Patent of 
Creation, and hence that, notwithstanding the express declaration of the intentions of 
the Crown therein, it cannot be considered to operate, in the absence of a regular 
patent of creation, against the dignity being deemed to have originated in the earliest 
writ of summons to Humphrey Dacre extant, that of 15 Nov. 22 Edw. IV, 1482." 
[Courthope). See, however, ante, p. 8, note " g," at end. 

C') It is to be observed that the Counsel for the heir male stated the Barony to 
have had its beginning by writ (15 Hen. Ill, sed quare), and contended that the 
" Barony so beginning " " ought to descend to him as heir male to his ancestor and 
not to any heir female." This seems a poor plea and incapable of proof; one, too, 
that goes in the face of the award of 1473. 

("=) " Dacres of the crooked back, so bold in conspiracies was faint-hearted in the 
field," and " beynge w* hys horsmen was the fyrst man that fled leke a tale gentylman 
and as I thynke never lookyd behynd hym tyll he was in Lyddysdale." (Hunsdon to 
the Queen, 20 Feb. 1569/70, in iS.P. Z)ffw., Addit., vol. xvii, no. 107). Queen Eliza- 
beth, writing to Lord Hunsdon, calls him "that cankred suttil traitor, Leonard 
Dacres." G.E.C. and V.G. 



DACRE 2«; 



■vizs attainted 2 Apr. 1571. He J. s.p., in great poverty, at Brussels, 
12 Aug. 1573, and was bur. in the church of S. Nicolas, Brussels.(') 

VIII. 1573. 7. Edward Dacre, of Morton, co. York, calling 

himself Lord Dacre (of Gilsland), 3rd('') br. and h., 
was attainted With, his br. Leonard in 1571, and fled the country. He 
was in Madrid, Aug. 1572, and went to Flanders in 1573, being a 
pensioner of the King of Spain. He appears to have travelled about in the 
Low Countries, Italy,('') and Spain, for some years, and d. 23 Aug./2 Sep. 
1584, at Beveren, near Antwerp.('^) 

IX. 1584. 8. Francis Dacre, of Croglin, Cumberland, calling 

himself Lord Dacre (of Gilsland), 4th and yst. br. and 
h. M.P. for Westmorland 1588-89. He laid claim to the title, and 
was for a short time in possession of the family estates in Cumberland, 
about 1584. An action was brought against him in the King's Bench, but 
before it was tried the estates were declared, by virtue of some former entail, 
to belong to the Crown. Despairing of obtaining any redress, he left the 
kingdom about 1 591 (for which he was attainted), and entered the service of 
Philip II of Spain, who made him a Capt. of Musqueteers. In or before 
1597 he was back in Scotland. (^) On3 Jan. i6o8/9awarrantissuedordering 
annuities of ^200, ;(^ioo, and ^^50 respectively, for him, his wife Avice, 
and their son Randolf, for their natural lives.(*) He w., istly, before 



(^) His M.I. is printed in Le Grand Th^&tre Sacrl: du Duchi de Brabant, by Jaques 
le Roy (1734), torn, i, p. 240, and was perhaps still visible when that volume was 
published. According to a note in Sir Cuthbert Sharpe's Memorials of the Rebellion of 
1569, published in 1840, it was then no longer to be seen. V.G. 

(*>) His next elder br., George, d. s.p. (Harl. MSS., no. 154, f. 25b; Dodsworth 
MSS., vol. iii, p. 43; Egerton MSS., no. 1075, p. 17; Harl. Soc, vol. xvi, p. 85; Trans. 
Cumb. and West. Antiq. Soc, O.S., vol. iv, ped. between pp. 482, 483). V.G. 

{'=) He contributed towards the paintings of the English martyrdoms in the 
church of the Ens^Iish College at Rome. {Letters and Memorials of William, Cardinal 
Allen, p. 193). V.G. 

C) State Papers [S.], Mary, Queen of Scots, vol. xiv, Oct.-Dec. 1584, no. 90. 
V.G. 

(«) On 28 May 1592 he arrived at the English College in Rome, where he 
stayed 8 days. (Foley, Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus, vol. vi, 
p. 565). In Hist. MSS. Com., Hatfield House MSS., part viii, are several references 
to him in 1597/8, as "the Lord Dalcers," intriguing on the Scottish border, and 
causing anxiety to Elizabeth's Ministers. On 15 Mar. i 599/1 600, he writes to his 
sister, Viscountess Montagu, about a pension for him and his son, and of a match 
offered to him, and his son, in Scotland; he speaks also of his da. Bess and other 
daughters. (Hatfield MSS., part x, p. 71). V.G. 

These annuities appear to have been discontinued by 1622, for in Apr. of 
that year Francis was petitioning for a pension. {Hist. MSS. Com., 4th Rep., App., 
p. 277). V.G. 

4 



26 DACRE 



Jan. 1573/4,0 Dorothy, da. and h. of John Radcliffe (otherwise 
Rowell), of Derwentwater, by Catherine, da. of ( — ) Grimstone. She 
d. probably between 1588 and 17 Sep. I589,('') and certainly before 
i6oo.('') He (as Frances^ Lord D acres of the Northe) w., 2ndly, 17 June 
1607, at St. Saviour's, Southwark, " Mrs. Avis Downham," that is to say, 
Avice, da. of Thomas Tyrrell, of Heron Hall, East Horndon, Essex, 
by Mary, da. of Sir John Sulliard, of Wetherden, Suffolk. He d. 
19 Feb. 1632/3, at Chester-Ie-Street, co. Durham, and was bur.ihQve. the 
same day. His widow was living there in and after i(>2>S-^) 

X. 1633 9. Randolf Dacre, calling himself Lord Dacre (of 

to Gilsland), only surv.s. and h., by the 2ndwife,(^«/>. 8 Mar. 

1634. 1607/8, at St. Dunstan's-in-the-West, as "son of 

Frauncis, Lord Dakers." He d. unm., in the parish of 

St. Dunstan's afsd. 10, and was bur. 27Dec. 1634, atGreystoke,(') aged 26, 

when the issue male of Thomas, Lord Dacre {d. 1457/8), and consequently 

the Peerage, if one in tail male, probably became extinct.(^ 



DACRE OF GILLESLAND 

i.e. " Dacre of Gillesland, Cumberland," Barony {Howard), cr. 1661, 
with the Earldom of Carlisle, which see. 

(*) When he and Dorothy his wife levied a fine. {Trans. Cumb. and West. Antiq. 
See, N.S., vol. iv, p. 3 1 o, quoting Feet of Fines, Cumberland, Hilary 1 6 Eliz.). V.G. 

C') In a letter of this date Francis mentions a son and daughters but no wife. (Nicol- 
son and Burn, History of JV estmorland and Cumberland, vol. ii, pp. 352-3, notes). V.G. 

(■=) She had issue 2 sons and 5 daughters. The eldest son, Francis, was of full 
age at Whitsuntide 1 600. {Cal. Border Papers, vol. ii, p. 652). He was apparently 
living at the end of 1601, but d. before 19 Dec. 1605. {Surtees Soc, vol. Ixviii, 
p. 374). The 2nd son, Humphrey, was born and died 1588. The daughters were 
(i) Eleanor, (2) Frances, (3) Mary, (4) Elizabeth, (5) Anne. Mary probably d. 
before 30 Apr. 1595, when a warrant issued to pay the others a pension of ^^50 p.a. 
each. (Signet Office Docquet Books (for Privy Seals), vol. i, 1584-97). Eleanor 
appears to have d. before 25 Mar. 1599 (^-P- Dom., Jac. I, Warrant Books, vol. ii, 
fol. 37, 37b). The pensions were paid to Frances (who m. William Anderton), Eliza- 
beth and Anne (then wife of Henry Sherburne) in 161 1 (S.P. Dom., Docquets, Jac. I, 
vol. x);and in 1622 Anne (then wife of Francis Lacon) petitioned for her pension. {Hist. 
MSS. Com., 4th Rep., App., p. 271). V.G. 

(^) Jrc/iiCologia/Eliana, N.S., vol. ii, p. I 57 ; Surtees Soc, vol.xxxiv, pp. 1 46-1 54. V.G. 

(*) The entry of his burial in the parish register (printed 191 1) states that he 
was s. and h. to Francis Dacre, Esq., deed., being the yst. s. of the late Lord William 
Dacre, deed., being the last heir male of that line; which said Randal d. in London, 
and was brought down at the charge of Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey and 
Earl Marshal of England. 

(*) His only sister of the whole blood, Mary, eloped in 1635 from her mother's 
house in Chester-le-Street with Marmaduke Hedworth, and m. him at Thornaby, in 
Cleveland. He was fined 1,000 marks and sentenced to 3 years' imprisonment for 
adultery. She d. s.p., at a great age, the last of her race. V.G. 



DAGWORTH 27 

DAER 

i.e. "Daer and Shortcleugh," Barony [S.] (Douglas), cr. 1646, with 
the Earldom of Selkirk. [S.], which see. 

DAGWORTHO 

BARONY BY i. Sir Thomas de DagwortHjC) yr. s.("=) of John de 

WRIT. Dagworth, of Dagworth, Suffolk, and Bradwell, Essex, 

Usher of the Exchequer {b. 25 Apr. I2i6,{^) d. 27 July 
I. 1347. I33-)5C) by Alice {m. after 4 July 1292, d. 15 May 

I333),(') elder da. and coh. of William fitz Warin.(s) He 

(^) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C") His arms were, Ermine, on a fesse Gules three roundlets Or. 

C') The relationship is proved by a writ, 17 Mar. 1345/6, discharging Nicholas 
de Dagworth [s. and h. of John, mentioned above] from finding a man-at-arms, 
because his br. Thomas was on the King's service in Brittany, and his son [John] 
was with Thomas, and he himself was too infirm to labour. {Patent Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, 
p. I, m. 23). Nicholas (aged 26 and more in 1332) m., before 20 Sep. 1334, Mar- 
garet {Ing. a. q. d., file 229, no. 12), and d. 12 Oct. 135 I, leaving a s. and h., John, 
aged 24 and more (probably "le nepueu Dagorne, fier fu com un liespart," who fought in 
the Bataillc des Trente), who m., before 12 June 1353, Thomasine, and d. 16 Aug. 
1 360, leaving a da. and h., Margaret, aged 2 and more in 1 363. (Ch. Inj. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 112, no. 25, file 177, no. 20). Thomasine m., 2ndly, before 20 Jan. 1365/6, 
Sir William de Furnival. See Furnival. 

C*) " Adhuc de mense sancti Michaelis. Suff '. Johannes filius et heres Johannis 
de Daggeworth' defuncti." Probacio etatis. ". . . predictus heres fuit plene etatis 
scilicet xxj anni die sancti Marci Ewangeliste proximo preterite et . . . fuit natus apud 
Daggeword et baptizatus in capella ejusdem ville." {Coram Rege, Mich., 25-26 
Edw. I, m. 12 d). 

(^) Ch. Ing. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 31, no. 33. He was s. and h. of John, aged 
9 in July 1260, a'. 17 Oct. 1290 (by Maud — d. shortly before 8 May 1308 — sister 
and coh. of Simon, and ist da. of Laurence de I'Escheker, Usher of the Exchequer), 
s. and h. of Osbert, dead 15 July 1260 (Hawise, his widow, living 17 Nov. 1260), 
s. and h. of Richard, dead 16 Oct. 1234 (by Isabel — d. 15 Sep. 1262 — da. of 
William de Huntingfeld), s. and h. of Osbert de Daggord, of Dagworth, s. and h. of 
Hervey. (Ch. Ing. p. m., Hen. Ill, file 24, no. I, file 26, no. 16; Edw. I, file 39, 
no. 4, file 60, no. 6; Edw. II, file I, no. 13: C/ose Roll, 18 Hen. Ill, m. 3: Patent 
Roll, 45 Hen. Ill, m. 21: Pari. Rolls, vol. i, p. 426: Pipe Roll, 28 Edw. I: 
Memoranda Rolls, 18-19 Edw. I, K.R., mm. 5 d, 9 d; L.T.R., mm. 3, 11 d). 

(') Escheators" Enrolled Accounts, no. 2, m. 60 d. Writ of diem cl. ext. 20 May 
7 Edw. III. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 35, no. lo). 

(s) This William d. before 13 June 1290. His widow, Alice, m. John de 
Beaumont, of Drayton and Seaming, Norfolk, Grimston, Suffolk, ^c, who d. shortly 
before 24 Sep. 1298. She m., 3rdly (lie. 21 Aug. 1301), John Spring. She d. 
5 Mar. 1 3 14/5, when Alice, aged 30, wife of John de Daggeworth kt., was found to 
be her elder da. and coh. {Patent Rolls, 18 Edw. I, m. 24; 20 Edw. I, m. 8; 27 Edw. I, 
m. 38 d; 29 Edw. I, w. 9: Fine Roll, 26 Edw. I, m. 4: Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 65, 
no. 16; Edw. II, file 36, no. 3: Pipe Roll, 10 Edw. II). 



28 DAGWORTH 

was one of the most famous captains of his time. He accompanied his 
brother-in-law, the Earl of Northampton, in his expedition to Brittany early 
in June 1345,0 and defeated the Franco-Bretons at Cadoret, near Josselin, 
17 June 1345. ('') Appointed Lieut, for the said Earl in Brittany, 28 Jan. 
i345/6.('=) Defeated Charles de Chatillon, dit de Blois (styling himself 
Duke of Brittany), 3 June I346.('^) Appointed Lieut, and Captain for 
the King in Brittany, 10 Jan. 1 346/7. (*) Defeated Charles de Blois at 
the battle of La Roche-Derien, near Treguier, 20 June 1347, and took 
him prisoner.(') For this exploit he was awarded 25,000 florins de 
scuto, 4 Sep. 1348,(6) having had, i Sep., a grant from the Earl of North- 
ampton, to him and his wife, of all the castles, i^c, in Brittany, forfeited 
by the Lord of Leon [Herve VII, Sire de Noyon].(8) He was sum. 
to Pari. 13 Nov. (1347) 21 Edw. Ill and 14 Feb. (1347/8) 22 Edw. Ill, 
by writs directed Thome de Dagworth\ whereby he is held to have become 
LORD DAGWORTH. He m. (lie. 24 Jan. 1343/4, to marry in the 
chapel of her manor of Vachery, in Cranley, Surrey) C") Alianore, widow 
of James (le Botiller), Earl of Ormond (who d. 17 Feb. 1 337/8, (') at 
Gowran, co. Kilkenny), and 2nd surv. da.(') of Humphrey (de Bohun), 
Earl of Hereford and Essex, by Elizabeth, da. of King Edward I. He 



O French Roll, 19 Edw. Ill, />. I, m. 21. 

C') Chron. Brit., in Dom Morice, Preuves, vol. i, c. 8; cf. vol. ii, c. 31 1. 

(*=) With 15 knights (himself included), 65 esquires, six score archers, " et 
quarente bideuwers dent lour mestre prent le iour xijd. et lours deux vyneteyners 
chescun deux vjd. le iour et les trente et sept chescun deux iijd. le iour . . . comensant 
le xxix iour de Janeuer Ian susdit tanq' al moys de Pasq' p'schein auenir et 
pleinerement acompli." Indenture, dated 28 Jan. 1345. (Grig, sealed, Exch., K.R., 
Accounts, 68, file 3, no. 62). The names of these knights, esquires, bfc. (Johan de 
Daggeworth' heads the list of esquires), are given in Exch., K.R., Accounts, 25, no. 18. 
There the 40 are called " bayonays," and the 37 " seruaunt' bayonays." 

{^) "... tercio nonas Junii " (Walsingham, Hist., vol. i, p. 270): " nono die 
Junii " {Tpod. Neust., p. 289). 

(«) French Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 2. 

(') 20 June, according to Dagworth's despatch to the Chancellor (Avesbury, 
p. 388): "xii kal. Julii " (Walsingham, Hist., vol. i, p. 272). The Breton historians 
prefer 18 June, relying on the epitaph at Vitre of Guy, Sire de Laval, who was slain 
in the battle. Georges de Lesnen, physician to Charles, deposed that when his 
master lay, wounded in i 7 places, on a feather bed, Dagworth — per indignacionem ut 
apparebat — had it drawn from under him, so that he lay supra stramina, solo lintheamine 
supra stramina remanente. Whereupon Charles thanked God, exclaiming quod in tali 
statu volebat et desiderabat esse et quod de cetero non jaceret supra culcitram plumeam. 
(Inquest for the canonization of Charles de Blois, in Dom Morice, Preuves, vol. ii, c. 5). 

(8) Patent Rolls, 22 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 5, /. 3, m. 20. 

C") IVinchester Reg., Orleton i, f. 123 v. 

{') 17 Feb. iT,Zll^ '* ^y ^^^ '^^ most probable date. See Ormond. 

(') She was younger than her sister, Margaret, Countess of Devon {Pari. Rolls, 
vol. iv, p. 268), not older, as stated by genealogists. Her two other sisters, another 
Margaret, and Isabel, d. young. 



DAGWORTH 29 

d. in July or Aug. 1 3 <;o,('') being slain treacherously, in time of truce, in 
a skirmish near Aurai in Brittany-C") His widow d. 7 Oct. I363.('=) 

2. Sir Nicholas de Dagworth, of Blickling, Norfolk, s. and h.('^) 
Captain of Flavigny in Burgundy, 1359 to Mar. 13 59/60. (') Constable of Nor- 
ham Castle for the Bishop of Durham, but resigned about 20 July I373.(0 
Sent abroad on a secret mission, in Feb. 1373/4.(0 Sent to examine and 
report on the revenues of Ireland, in June I375,(^) and to investigate the 
charges against William de Windesore, late Lieut, of Ireland, and others, in 
I376,('') but was recalled by the King at the instigation of Alice Ferrers. (') 
Again sent to report on the Irish revenues, 7 Oct. I377.(^) Was a knight 
of the King's Chamber. Appointed an Ambassador to the Pope, 5 May 
138 I, with powers to treat with the King of the Romans, the Princes of 
Germany, and the Dukes and Lords of Italy. (') Appointed an Ambassador 
to the Pope, 15 Apr. 1382 and again 6 Feb. 1384/5, with powers to treat 
with the King of Naples and others. (') He was placed under 

(*) "... circiter festum Sancte Margarete " (Avesbury, p. 41 1) : "en lentree du 
moys daoust" [Grandes Chron. de France, edit. Paris, vol. v, p. 494 : Froissart, bk. i, 
cap. 152). Chron. Normande, edit. Molinier, p. 99. 

C") A hostile annalist {Chron. diet. Lemovic. — Bibl. Nat., MS. latin, no. 5005 C, 
f. 159) calls him " flos milicie anglicane." "... strenuum militem, virum utique 
elegantem " (Avesbury, p. 352). ". . . dominus Thomas Dagworthe miles vali- 
dissimus . . . bene et laudabiliter versos Gallos et Britones se habuit, ita quod nomen 
eternitatis digne sibi adquirere meruit " (Murimuth, p. 244). The contemporary poem, 
La Bataille da Trente (edit. Crapeiet, p. 14), applauds his humanity to the Breton 
peasantry : — 

" En son viuant auoit pour certain ordonne 
Que menues gens de ville, ceulx qui gaingnent le ble, 
Ne seroient dez Englois plus prins ne guerroie. 
Quant le baron fu mort, tantost fu oublie." 

(<=) Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 177, nos. 8, 24. See Ormond. 

{^) There appears to be no evidence for this statement, which is made by Dugdale 
and repeated by other genealogists. 

(*) Near which town, in 1359, he with 13 men, barricading themselves with carts, 
defeated 66 g/aiues fraunceis. [Sca/acronica, Maitland Club, p. 1 89). He held a responsible 
post in France, 6 Dec. 1365, when John de Chaundos, Hugh de Calverley, Nicholas 
de Dagworth, and William d'Elmham, chivalers, were ordered to prevent the King's 
subjects from joining the expedition to Spain. {French Roll, 39 Edw. Ill, m. 3). This 
shows at least that he was not a son of the Countess of Ormond. He was claiming 
the manor of Bradwell in 1382. {Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, p. 134). 

Durham Cursitors' Records, Chancery Roll 31, m. 4 d: Patent Roll, 4 Ric. II, 
p. 3, m. 10: French Roll, 48 Edw. Ill, m. 22. 

(«) Patent Roll, 49 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 8: Patent Roll [I.], 49 Edw. Ill, 
nos. 140, 141: Patent Roll, I Ric. II, />. i, m. 8. 

(■■) Close Roll, 50 Edw. Ill, p. I, w. I d. See also Memoranda de Hibernia, 
49-50 Edw. Ill (printed in AylofFe's Calendars, pp. 444-462). 

(') Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 12-14: Close Roll, 50 Edw. Ill, p. 2, ;;:. 5 d. 

(J) French Rolls, 4 Ric. II, mm. 4, 3, 8, 7, 2; 5 Ric. II, m. 5; 8 Ric. II, mm. 8, 7, 6, 5. 



30 DAGWORTH 

arrest as one of the Court party, in Jan. 1 387/8. (*) Appointed a commis- 
sioner to treat for a truce with France, 26 Nov. 1388, (*>) and to receive 
the oath of the King of Scots, 3 July I389.('') Knight of the Shire for 
Norfolk, 1397-98. He m. Alianore, widow of John Ingelfeld, sister and 
coh. of John Rossale, of Ross Hall, near Shrewsbury,("=) and elder da. of Sir 
Walter Rossale, of the same, by Beatrice, his wife.('^) He d. s.p., 2 Jan. 
I40i/2,Q and was l>ur. at Blickling, Norfolk. Brass. Will dat. 6 Dec. 
1396, pr. at Lambeth, 13 Feb. 1401/2.0 His widow, who received various 
grants from the Crown,(8) m., 3rdly, in or before 10 Hen. IV,('') Sir John 
Mortimer, of Hatfield,Herts,(') who was executed for treason,2 6 Feb. 1 423/4, 
at Tyburn,(') and was l>ur. in the Church of St. John of Jerusalem, London. 

(*) Walsingham, Hist., vol. ii, p. 173: rpod. Neust., p. 355. 

('') French Roll, 12 Ric. II, m. lo: Scottish Roll, 13 Ric. II, m. 6. 

(■=) "Johannes Rossale." Writ of diem d. ext. 21 Dec. 5 Hen. IV. Inq., 
Salop, Monday after Christmas [31 Dec] 1403. " Et dicunt quod dictus Johannes 
Rossale obiit die Sabati proximo ante festum sancte Marie Magdalene [21 July] 
ultimo preterit)? Et dicunt quod Alianora quondam uxor Nicholai Dagworth' militis 
et Alesia uxor Philippi Inggelfeld' sorores et coheredes propinquiores ipsius Johannis 
Rossale sunt . . . Et dicunt quod dicta Alianora una sororum predictarum est etatis 
xxvj annorum et quod dicta Alesia altera soror est etatis xxij annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. 
Hen. IV, file 42, no. 23). He was with Henry Percy, traitor, and was slain at the 
battle of Shrewsbury. {Patent Roll, 5 Hen. IV, />. I, m. 21). 

C') John Prendergest kt. and Beatrice his wife demised to Alianore, elder da. of 
Beatrice and late the wife of Nicholas Dagworth kt., their status in the manor 
of Hunmanby, co. York, which Beatrice held for life, by indenture dated 21 Oct. 
8 Hen. IV. (Deed enrolled on Close Roll, 9 Hen. IV, m. 15 d). 

('=) Cotton MSB., Vesp., D 17, f. 86. This date was no doubt taken from the 
brass, long since imperfect; see Blomfield, Norfolk, vol. vi, p. 385, and the Rubbing, in 
Addit. MSS., no. 32490 I, 2. 

(') Lambeth Reg., Arundel i, f. 189. "...corpus meum ad sepeliendum in 
ecclesia parochiali sancti Benedic' juxta Pouleswarfth' in capella et coram ymagine 
beate Marie ex parte boriali dicte ecclesie." He mentions only his wife, Elianora. 
Thomasine, erroneously supposed to have been his da., is noticed above, p. 27, note " c." 

(s) Patent Rolls, 19 Ric. II, />. I, m. 35; I Hen. IV, /.. 3, m. 8; 2 Hen. IV, 
p. I, m. 11, p. 4, OT. II; 4 Hen. IV, />. 2, m. 6; 7 Hen. IV , p. I, m. 3. She was 
assigned ^ of the manor of Blickling in dower. {Close Roll, 8 Hen. IV, m. 8 d). A 
minute and curious inventory of the goods and chattels of this Alianore, then wife of 
John Mortymer chr., taken in 141 1- 12 by Robert Chichele, Mayor of London and 
Escheator, is in Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 1065, no. 5. 

C') Deed copied in Harl. MSS., no. 245, f. 47 v. John was then an esquire. 

(') John Mortemer kt. and Alianore his wife one of the daughters and heirs 
of Walter Russall' kt., and Philip Ingilfeld' esq. late the husband of Alice the other 
da. and h. of the said Walter, made partition of the inheritance of Alianore and Alice, 
viz. that John and Alianore should have the manor of Hunmanby, and Philip, hold- 
ing by the courtesy of England, should have the manor of Ross Hall, by indenture 
dated 12 May 4 Hen. V. (Deed enrolled on Close Roll, 4 Hen. V, m. 19 d). 

(J) Pari. Rolls, vol. iv, p. 202. "Johannes Mortemer chivaler." Writ of 
mandamus 18 July 2 Hen. VI. Inq., Herts, Monday before St. Laurence [7 Aug.] 
1424. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 9, no. 14). 



DAGWORTH 31 

She d. 28 Dec. 1432. (^) Will dat. at London, 5 Aug. 1428, pr. there, 
17 Feb. I432/3-C) 

His h. or coh. (on the assumption made above) was Walter, Lord 
Fitz Walter, s. and h. of Sir Walter fitz Wauter, of Woodham Walter, Essex 
[Lord Fitz Walter], by his ist wife, Alianore (lie. 23 June 1362, to marry 
in the chapel of Vachery afsd., living 3 Dec. 1375, d. before 27 June 
1385), da. of Thomas, Lord Dagworth.(') Any hereditary Barony of 
Dagworth, that may be supposed to have been created by the writ of 1347, 
was thus (apparently) united to that of Fitz Walter. 

DALHOUSIE, RAMSAY OF DALHOUSIE, AND 

DALHOUSIE OF DALHOUSIE CASTLE 

AND OF THE PUNJAUB 

BARONY [S.] I. George Ramsay, s. and h. of James Ramsay, of 

, /■ Dalhousie, in Lothian, C^) by Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. 

. , "■ of David Ramsay, of Clatty, was b. after 1570; sue. his 

J " /■ father before Nov. 1580, was, 19 Aug. 1 601, served h. to 

. ^ ^ (his grandfather's grandfather) Sir Alexander Ramsay, of 

Dalhousie; was knighted before 1603; M.P. for co. Kin- 
cardine 1617; had the Barony of Dalhousie, erected into 
a free Barony on his own resignation, and the Barony of Melrose, on the 
resignation of his distant kinsman, John Ramsay (who on 11 June 1606 
was cr. Viscount of Haddington, received a grant of the lands of 
Melrose 28 Aug. 1609, and was cr. Lord Ramsay of Melrose [S.] 25 Aug. 
I 61 5). Accordingly he was cr. a Lord of Pari, by charter, 25 Aug. 1618, 
as LORD RAMSAY OF MELROSE [S.] to him and his heirs male 
and successors in the Barony. By letters under the great seal, 5 Jan. 161 9, 
this title was changed, and that of LORD RAMSAY OF DALHOUSIE 
given to him and his heirs male " omni tempore affuturo." He ?«., 
in 1593, Margaret,(^) da. and h. of Sir George Douglas, of Helenhill, br. 

(') " Alianora que fuit uxor Nicholai Dagworth' chivaler." Writ of diem cl. 
ext. 3 Feb. II Hen. VI. Inq., Notts, Wednesday 8 Apr. 1433. " Et dicunt quod 
dicta Alianora obiit in festo sanctorum Innocencium ultimo preterito Et quod 
Johannes Ingelfeld' armiger est filius et heres ejusdem Alianore propinquior et est 
etatis triginta annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 58, no. 25: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 152, no. 14). 

(^) Lincoln Reg., vol. xvii, fF. I I2V-1 13." "... corpusque meum ad sepeliendum 
in ecclesia [sancti] Johannis Jerl'm in Anglia apud London' juxta sepulturam dicti 
nuper mariti mei [Johannis Mortymer militis]." 

("=) This Alianore, da. of Sir Thomas by Alianore, Countess of Ormond, is his 
only known child. But, as he does not appear to have held any lands in his own 
right, his heirs are not necessarily noticed in any formal document. 

(^) This James was 2nd s. of George R., of Dalhousie, by Elizabeth Hepburn. V.G. 

('^) Margaret Kerr, who has been attributed to him as a 2nd wife, was in fact 
wife of Sir George Ramsay of Wyliecleugh, with whom this George Ramsay has been 
confused. V.G. 



32 

of William, Earl 



DALHOUSIE 



)F Morton [S.], by his ist wife, Janet, da. of John 
Lindsay, of Dowhill. She was living 12 Sep. 1615. He d. 1629, before 
22 July. Will pr. 22 Dec. 1629. 



II. 1629. 2 and I. William (Ramsay), Lord Ramsay of 

FART DOM r^ 1 Dalhousie [S.], s. and h.; M.P. for Montrose 1617 and 
L 'J 1 62 1. On 29 June 1633, he was cr. EARL OF 
I. 1633. DALHOUSIE and LORD RAMSAY AND CAR- 

RINGTON [S.]. He served as Colonel in the Scots 
army which invaded England in 1 640, and again in 1 644. After the murder 
of Charles I he took the side of Charles II. Sheriff co. Edinburgh 
24 Oct. 1646; he was fined ;^ 1,500, afterwards reduced to ;^400, 
by Cromwell's Act of Grace, 12 Apr. 1654. He w., istly (cont. 3 Oct. 
1617; tocher 20,000 marks), Margaret, ist da. of David (Carnegy), ist 
Earl of Southesk [S.], by Margaret, da. of Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell. 
She d. Apr. 1661. He »?., 2ndly, Jocosa, widow of Lyster Blount, of 
Bicester, Oxon, da. of Sir Alan Apsley, by his 2nd wife, Anne, da. and 
h. of Sir Peter Carew. She d. 1% Apr. 1663, and was bur. in the Savoy 
Church, Midx. He d. Nov. i672,Q " a very old man." 



BARONY [S 
III. 



1672. 



EARLDOM [S.] \ 2 and 3. George (Ramsay), Earl of Dal- 

housie, i^c. [S.], s. and h. by ist wife, styled 
Lord Ramsay, 1633-72, of age in 1643. He 
m. (cont. 10 Dec. 1644) Anne, widow of Robert 
(Boyd), Lord Boyd [S.] (who d. 17 Nov. 1640), 
2nd da. of John (Fleming), 2nd Earl of Wig- 
TouN [S.], by Margaret, da. of Alexander 

(Livingstone), Earl of Linlithgow [S.j. She d. 20 Apr. 1661. He d. 

II Feb. \(i-j{l\. 



EARLDOM [S.] ] 
III. 



BARONY [S.] 
IV. 

OF Wormleighton. 



3 and 4. 
Dalhousie, 



:674. 



William (Ramsay), Earl of 
iSc. [S.], s. and h., styled Lord 
Ramsay, 1672-74; P.C. [S.] and Sheriff of co. 
Edinburgh 1672; Capt. of the Edinburgh Militia 
1678. He m. Mary, 2nd da. of Henry 
(Moore), ist Earl of IDrogheda [I.], by Alice, 
da. of William (Spencer), 2nd Baron Spencer 
He d. Nov. 1682. His widow m., 10 Apr. 1683, 
John (Bellenden), 2nd Lord Bellenden of Broughton [S.], who d. 
Mar. 1707. She ;»., 3rdly, Samuel Collins, M.D. She d. 17 Mar. 
1725/6. Will pr. Mar. 1727. 



(=•) Scoti Peerage, giving as authority Fountainhall's Sm/ 
Snc, 221. V.G. 



Occur rents, Scot. Hist. 



EARLDOM [S. 
IV. 

BARONY [S.] 
V. 



i68: 



DALHOUSIE 



33 



4 and 5. George (Ramsay), Earl of Dal- 
HousiE, ^c. [S.], s. and h., styled Lord Ramsay, 
1674-82, under age at his father's death. He 
d. unm., being killed in Holland by a Mr. 
Hamilton in 1696. 



EARLDOM [S.] 
V. 

BARONY [S.] 
VL 



[696. 



Admon. 26 June I7i9.('') 



5 and 6. William (Ramsay), Earl of 
Dalhousie, i£c. [S.], br. and h. Sheriff of co. 
Edinburgh 1703. He was a steady supporter 
of the Act of Union. Col. of the 3rd regt. of 
Guards, sent to support the Archduke Charles in 
his claim to the Kingdom of Spain; Brig. Gen. 
Jan. i7io.('') He d. unm., Oct. 17 10, in Spain. 



EARLDOM [S.] 
VI. 



BARONY [S. 
VII. 



1 7 10. 



6 and 7. William (Ramsay), Earl of 
Dalhousie, ^'c. [S.], cousin and h. male, being 
s. and h. of the Hon. John Ramsay, a Capt. in 
the Scots Dutch 1694, by ( — ), da. of ( — ) 
Sinclair, of Whitekirk, which John was 2nd s. 
of the 2nd Earl. He was served h. to the late 
Earl 9 Feb. 1 7 11 . He was a Col. in the Army. 
He w., istly, about 1700, his cousin, Jean, da. of George (Ross), nth 
Lord Ross [S.], by his 2nd wife, Jean, da. of George (Ramsay), 2nd Earl of 
Dalhousie [S.]. He w., 2ndly, Janet, da. of ( — ) Martin. He d. 
8 Dec. 1739, at Dalkeith, in his 79th year, and was bur. at Cockpen. 



[George Ramsay, styled Lord Ramsay, ist s. and h. ap. by ist wife, 
b. about 1700. He m. (cont. 9 and 16 Nov. 1726) Jean, sister of William, 
1st Earl of Panmure [I.], only da. of the Hon. Harry Maule, by his ist 
wife, Mary, da. of William (Fleming), ist Earl of Wigton [S.], which 
Harry Maule was s. of the 2nd, and br. of the 3rd and 4th Earls of 
Panmure [S.]. He d. v.p., 25 May 1739, at Dalhousie, aged about 40. 
His widow m. John Strother Ker, of Littledean, co. Roxburgh. She d. 
22 Apr. 1769, at Fowberry, Northumberland.] 



(^) He must be the Earl commemorated in the delightful couplet which Swift 
quotes, as illustrating bathos, in his essay on " The Art of Sinking in Poetry." 
"All hail Dalhoussy, thou great God of War, 
Lieutenant Colonel to the Earl of Mar." V.G. 
(^) His only sister, Elizabeth, Baroness Hawley [I.], sue. to most of his personal 
property, and d. Feb. 17 13, leaving issue. He had endeavoured to dispose of his 
honours and his real estates to her, but both such dispositions were invalid. 

5 



34 

EARLDOM [S. 
VII. 

BARONY [S.] 
VIII. 



1739- 



DALHOUSIE 

7 and 8. Charles (Ramsay), Earl of Dal- 
HousiE, i^c. [S.], 1st surv. grandson and h., 
being s. and h. of George Ramsay, sf^led Lord 
Ramsay, and Jean, his wife abovenamed. Capt. 
3rd regt. of Foot Guards, with rank of Lieut. 
Col. in the Army, 1753. He d. unm., 29 Jan. 
1764, at Edinburgh. 



EARLDOM [S.] 
VIII. 



BARONY [S.] 
IX. 



[764. 



8 and 9. George (Ramsay), Earl of Dal- 
HousiE, iiz. [S.], br. and h. Member of the 
faculty of advocates 1757; Grand Master of 
Freemasons [S.] 1767-69; Rep. Peer [S.] 1774- 
-87; a Lord of Police [S.] 1775-82; High 
Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly of the 
Church [S.] 1777-82. In 1782, by the death of 
his uncle, William (Maule), Earl of Panmure [I.], abovenamed, he sue. 
for life to the estates of his maternal family, with a rem. to his 2nd son.(*) 
He m., 30 July 1767, at Edinburgh, Elizabeth (with ;^30,ooo), da. of 
Andrew Glen, niece and h. of James Glen, of Longcroft, co. Linlithgow, 
Gov. of the province of Carolina. He d. 15 Nov. 1787, at Abbeville, in 
France-C") His widow d. 17 Feb. 1807, in St. Andrew's Sq., Edinburgh, 
aged 68, and was bur. at Cockpen. 



EARLDOM [S.] ] 
IX. 



BARONY [S.] 
X. 

BARONY [U.K.] 
I. 1815. 



[787. 



9, 10 and I. George (Ramsay), Earl of 
Dalhousie, fffc. [S.], s. and h., b. 23 Oct. 
1770: styled Lord Ramsay 1770-87; joined 
the army 1788; Lieut. Col. 2ncl Foot, 
serving as such in the West Indies, 1793; 
in Ireland, during the rebellion, 1798; in 
Holland, 1799, and in Egypt, 1801; was at 
Walcheren in 1809; commanded the 7th 
Division in the Peninsular War 18 12-14; 
and fought at Waterloo: Major Gen. 1808; 
Lieut. Gen. 18 13; Gen. in the army 1830. Col. of the 26th regt. 
1813-28; Pres. of the Queen's Body Guard of Royal Archers 1821-30, 
and Capt. Gen. thereof 1830-38; Rep. Peer [S.] (Tory) 1796 to 1806, and 
1807-18. Grand Master of Freemasons [S.] 1 804-06. On 1 1 Aug. 18 15, 
he was cr. BARON DALHOUSIE OF DALHOUSIE CASTLE, co. 
Edinburgh. Nom. K.B. 11, and inv. 27 Sep. 1813, becoming G.C.B. in 
1 8 1 5, on the institution of that rank. Lieut. Gov. of Nova Scotia 
18 16-19; Gov. in Chief of Canada, Nova Scotia, tfc, 1819-28; Com- 

(^) William, who took the name Maule, and was cr. Baron Panmure in 183 1, 
being father of Fox, 2nd Baron Panmure, who in i860 luc. as nth Earl of 
Dalhousie [S.]. 

(*•) "Inter Nobiles, Doctus; inter Doctos, Nobilis," as classically expressed by 
his old preceptor, Professor George Stuart, and as applied by Samuel Johnson to 
Lord Chesterfield. 



DALHOUSIE 35 

mander in Chief in the East Indies 1829-32. He »;., 14 May 1805, at 
Castlewigg, co. Wigton, Christian, da. and h. of Charles Broun, of 
Coulston, CO. Haddington. He d. at Dalhousie Castle, 21, and was bur. 
29 Mar. 1838, at Cockpen, aged 67. (^) His widow, who was b. zi Feb. 
1786, d. 22 Jan. 1839, suddenly, from the bursting of a blood vessel, at 
Dean Ramsay's house in Edinburgh. C") HS5!v' ;) 

[George Ramsay, styled Lord Ramsay, ist s. and h. ap., b. 3 Aug. 
1806, at Dalhousie Castle. He was Capt. in the 26th Foot, and d. unm., 
v.p., 25 Oct. 1832, at Dalhousie Castle, aged 26.] 

EARLDOM [S.] ^ 10, 11, 2 and i. James Andrew 

-jr (Ramsay, afterwards Broun-Ramsay), Earl 

OF Dalhousie, ^0. [S.], also Baron Dal- 
BARONY [S.] HousiE of Dalhousie Castle [U.K.], 

Y| fi838. 3rd(') but only surv. s. and h., b. 22 Apr. 

1 8 12, at Dalhousie Castle; styled Lord 

BARONY [U.K.] Ramsay 1832-38; ed. at Harrow 1825-27, 

TT matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 24 Oct. 1829, 

'' B.A. and 4th class 1833, M.A. 1838; 

MARQUESSATE. Grand Master of Freemasons [S.] 1836-38; 

M.P. (Conservative, and afterwards Peelite) 
\. 1849 to i860. for CO. Haddington i837-38;C') P.C. 

10 June 1843, ^"d Vice Pres. of the Board 
of Trade 1843-45, Pres. 1845-46; Capt. of Deal Castle 1843-48; Lord 
Clerk Register [S.] 1845-60; Elder Brother of the Trin. House 1846-60; 
Governor Gen. of India, gazetted 10 Aug. 1847, sworn 12 Jan. 1 848-56, (°) 
during which period four great Kingdoms, Pegu and the Punjab (by con- 
quest), and Nagpore and OudhO (by annexation), were added to our 
dominion, railways were planned on an enormous scale, 4,000 miles of 

(^) Bright Brown points out that he was a school-fellow and lifelong friend of 
Sir Walter Scott, who writes of him as "always steady, wise, and generous." V.G. 

C') Sir Walter Scott called her "an amiable, intelligent, and lively woman." 
{journal, 30 Mar. 1829). Dean Ramsay, in his Reminiscences mentions her acute 
observation, kind heart, and brilliant wit. V.G. 

(<=) The 2nd s., Charles, d. 8 July 1817, aged 10. V.G. 

C^) On 17 Mar. 1858 he writes, "I should call myself a Liberal-Conservative, 
or Conservative-Liberal; I should feel no difficulty in determining the measures I 
should support, but should be much put to it to decide on the men with whom I 
would politically associate myself." V.G. 

(^) Lord John Russell must have the credit of this appointment, all the greater 
as Dalhousie was not his political follower. At this time Lord Broughton writes in 
his Diary: "Dalhousie appears to me a sensible, unpretending man, of very good 
capacity, but without much instruction, and no brilliancy in his talk nor any attempt 
at it." V.G. 

(') "A deed [which he fully approved but] for which he was not answerable 
[the Home Authorities having announced that such was their policy], and which well 
nigh brought our Empire in the east to a setting; in blood and gloom." {Annual 
Register for i860). Yet the annexation of Oudh, 7 Feb. 1856, was then [1856], and is 



36 



DALHOUSIE 



electric telegraph established, the postal system reformed, &'c. K.T. 1 2 May 
1 848. Pres. of the Royal Company of Archers 1 848-60. On 25 Aug. 1 849 
he, having received the thanks of Pari., was cr. MARQUESS OF DAL- 
HOUSIE^ OF DALHOUSIE CASTLE, co. Edinburgh AND OF THE 
PUNJAUB.C) Gov. of the Bank of Scotland 1852 till his death. Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Ports 1853-60. He m., 21 Jan. 1836, at Tester, 
Susan Georgiana, ist da. of George (Hay), 8th Marquess of Tweeddale 
[S.], by Susan, da. of WiUiam (Montagu), 5th Duke of Manchester. 
She, who was I. 1 3 Mar. 1 8 1 7, was Lady of the Bedchamber Jan. to May 
1842, and ij'. 6 May 1853, on board ship on passage from India, and was 
l>ur. at Cockpen.('=) He d. s.p.m., at Dalhousie Castle, 19, and was I?ur. 
26 Dec. i860, at Cockpen, aged 48. M.I. On his death the Marquessate 
of Dalhousie [1849] and the Barony of Dalhousie [18 15] both became extinct, 
but the Scottish dignities devolved as below. 



EARLDOM [S.] 
XI. 

BARONY [S.] 
XII. 



II and 12. Fox (Maule, afterwards Maule 
Ramsay), Earl of Dalhousie, &c. [S.], also 
j,^ Baron Panmure of Brechin and Navar, co. 
Forfar; cousin and h. male, being s. and h. of 
William, ist Baron Panmure, ^fc, by his rst 
wife, Patricia Heron, da. of Gilbert Gordon, of 
Halieaths, which William was 2nd s. of the 8th 
and next br. to the 9th Earls of Dalhousie abovenamed. He was b. 

now, generally considered a glorious termination of Dalhousie's Governorship, and the 
horrible oppression from which it relieved the native population is alone a sufficient 
justification for it. It was not the annexation, but Lord Canning's having neglected 
the precaution of disarming that State, which nearly brought our Empire to grief. 

He showed no promise, either at school or college, but thereafter he developed 
" in an extraordinary degree, industry, energy, strong will, and self-confidence." 
Admiral Lord John Hay writes, " I have never known anyone who so fulfilled my 
idea of a great man — so truthful, so straightforward, so utterly incapable of meanness, 
so religious without fanaticism, so generous and kind-hearted, so determined without 
obstinacy." Probably the greatest ruler that England has given to India. His life, 
by Sir William Lee-Warner, was published in 1904. His Private Letters, ed. by 
J. G. A. Baird, were published in 19x0; they are excellent reading, and go to con- 
firm the above very favourable estimate of the writer. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(^) On 30 Mar. 1849, he writes to a friend about the prospective creation, 
" Let us have the old Scots sound back again, and let me be Dalhousie (not in 
spelling but in sound), like my forebears," and as to the local designation, "let it be 
of the Punjab ... a gentleman ought to wish to have a well made coat, and why 
not also a right sounding title." In a later letter he writes, "the pronunciation 
always was Dalhoosie. My father changed it, and even my mother always 
pronounced it so." V.G. 

C") For a list of peerage titles chosen to commemorate foreign achievements, 
see vol. iii, Appendix E. 

if) "Reserved, shy, and even nervous, she preferred the quiet of home-life to 
the homage coveted by leaders of society." (Sir William Lee- Warner's Life of Lord 
Dalhousie). V.G. 



DALHOUSIE 



37 



22 Apr. 1801, at Brechin Castle, co. Forfar; ed. at Charterhouse school; 
for 12 years an officer in the 79th Highlanders; M.P. (Liberal) for co. 
Perth 1835-37, for Elgin Boroughs 1838-41, and for Perth Borough 
1841-52. Under Sec. of Home dep. 1835-41 ; Vice Pres. of Board of 
Trade June to Sep. 1841; Sec. at War July 1846 to Feb. 1852; being Pres. 
of Board of Control for a few weeks in Feb. 1852; Sec. of State for War 
Feb. 1855 to Feb. 1858.0 P.C. 28 June 184 1 ; Lord Rector of the Univ. 
of Glasgow 1842-44; Lord Lieut, of co. Forfar 1849-74; Privy Seal [S.] 
1853-74. He sue. his father, as Baron Panmure, 13 Apr. 1852. K.l . 
28 Oct. 1853. G.C.B. (civil) 29 Oct. 1855. He took the name of Ramsay 
after that of Mauk, 1861. Grand Master of Freemasons [S.] 1867-70. 
He ;«., 4 Apr. 1831, Montagu, ist da. of George (Abercromby), 2nd 
Baron Abercromby, by Montagu, da. of Henry (Dundas), ist Viscount 
Melville. She, who was I?. 25 May i 807, d. at Pitfour Castle, co. Perth, 1 1, 
and was l>ur. 19 Nov. 1853, at Panbride, aged 46. C') He d. s.p., at Brechin 
Castle, 6, and was i>ur. 14 July 1874, at Panbride, aged 73, when the Barony 
of Panmure became extincL but the Scottish dignities devolved as below. 



EARLDOM [S. 

xn. 

BARONY [S.] 
XIII. 

BARONY [U.K.] 

I. 1875. 



12 and 13. George (Ramsay), Earl of 
Dalhousie, i^c. [S.], cousin and h. male, being 
2nd but 1st surv. s. and h. of Lieut. Gen. the 
Hon. John Ramsay, by Mary, da. of Philip 
Delisle, of Calcutta, which John was 4th s. 
of the 8th Earl, and d. 28 June 1842, aged 57. 
He was i>. 26 Apr. 1806, and served in the 
navy from 1820, being in the Baltic expedition, 
1854; superintendent of Pembroke Dockyard 
1857-62; Com. in Chief on the South American 
Station 1866-69; Rear Adm. 1862, Vice Adm. 
1869, and retired Adm. 1875. C.B. 5 Feb. 1856. On 12 June 1875 he, 
being a Conservative, was cr. BARON RAMSAY OF GLENMARK, co. 
Forfar [U.K.]. He m., 12 Aug. 1845, ^^ Trinity Chapel, Edinburgh, Sarah 
Frances, da. of William Robertson, of Logan House, Scotland. He ^/. 
suddenly, 20 July 1880, at Dalhousie Castle, aged 74. His widow </. at 
Stourbank, Nayland, Essex, i, and was htr. 5 May 1904, at Cockpen. 



EARLDOM [S.] ] 
XIII. 

BARONY [S.] 
XIV. 



:88o. 



13 and 14. John William (Ramsay), Earl 
OF Dalhousie, tPc. [S.], also Baron Ramsay 
OF Glenmark., s. and h., /?. ic) Jan. 1847, ^^ 
Aberdour House; Lieut. R.N. i 867; .5/)'/t'<r/LoRD 
Ramsay 1874-80; Commander R.N. 1874-79; 
matric. at Oxford (Ball. Coll.) 20 Oct. 1875. 
Equerry to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, 



(') Kinglake, in his Invasion of the Crimea, describes him as " mighty in curses, 
rough-tongued, and rough mannered," but without " base maUgnity, and was more 
of the rhinoceros than the tiger in Palmerston's Cabinet." V.G. 

C") Sir Walter Scott and others speak of her as beautiful. V.G. 



38 DALHOUSIE 

BARONY [U.K.] 1874-76, and extra Equerry to him 1876-80. 

yj M.P. (Liberal) for Liverpool Mar. to July 1880; 

Lord in Waiting 1880-85; J^-T. 7 Dec. 1881; 

Sec. for Scotland Mar. to Aug. 1886. P.C. 
3 Apr. 1886. He w., 6 Dec. 1877, at St. James's, Westm., Ida Louisa, 
2nd da. of Charles (Bennet), 6th Earl of Tankerville, by Olivia, da. of 
George (Montagu), 6th Duke of Manchester. She, who was b. 22 June 
I 857, at 76 South Audley Str., d. of blood poisoning, 24 Nov. 1 887, at the 
H6tel Frascati, Havre, aged 30. He d. there (next day), 25 Nov., aged 40, 
both being bur. together (from 5 Hereford Gardens, Midx.) i Dec. 1887, at 
Cockpen.Q His will, dat. 24 Sep. 1886, pr. Dec. 1887, at ;^i 1,438. 



EARLDOM [S.] 
XIV. 



BARONY [S, 
XV. 



14 and 15. Arthur George Maule (Ram- 
say), Earl of Dalhousie [1633], Lord 
nj, Ramsay of Dalhousie [16 18], and Lord Ram- 
'■ SAY AND Carrington [1633] in Scotland, also 
Baron Ramsay of Glenmark [U.K. 1875], s. 
and h., b. 4 Sep. 1878, at Atkinson's Hotel, 
Torquay; i/v/(?i^LoRD Ramsay 1880-87. Ed. at 
BARONY [U.K.] Eton, and at Univ. Coll. Oxford; ent. the Army, 

TT| Scots Guards, 1 900, and served therein as Lieut, 

in South Africa 1 901-02, C") Queen's Medal and 
4 clasps. A Conservative. He w., 14 July 1903, 
at St. Michael's, Chester Sq., Mary Adelaide, 6th and yst. da. of Gilbert 
Henry (Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby), ist Earl of Ancaster, by 
Evelyn Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Charles (Gordon), loth Marquess of Huntly. 
She was ^. at 12 Belgrave Sq., 25 Apr., and bap. 23 June 1878, at Nor- 
manton, Rutland. 



[John Gilbert Ramsay, styled Lord Ramsay, s. and h. ap., b. 
25 July 1904.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 136,021 acres (valued at 
but ;^55,6oi a year) in Forfarshire, and 1,419 in Midlothian. Total, 
137,440 acres, valued at ;{^58,6o3 a year. Principal Residences. — Dalhousie 
Castle, Midlothian; Panmure House and Brechin Castle, both co. Forfar.('=) 



(») "One of the truest hearts that ever was attracted to public life." (John 
Morley). V.G. 

('') For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who fought in this war, see vol. iii. 
Appendix B. 

("=) In the extent of his estates the Earl of Dalhousie stands 15th, and in point of 
rental 17th, among the 28 noblemen, who, in 1883, possessed above I00,000 acres in 
the United Kingdom. See a list of these in vol. vi. Appendix H. 



DALKEITH 39 



DALKEITH 

[This branch of the family of Douglas who " owned Aberdour in Fife 
and large possessions in Lidderdale, as well as the fortalice of Dalkeith, a 
place of importance and strength," was " only second in importance to 
the ostensible Head of the house. In a heraldic sense they had a better 
claim [since 1388] to be regarded the Chiefs of the family than the Earls 
of Douglas, their pedigree being untainted with illegitimacy." (")] 

1. Sir James Douglas, of Dalkeith,('') s. and h. of Sir James D., 
one of the most powerful Barons of his time, by his ist wife, Agnes, da. 
of Patrick (Dunbar), Earl of Dunbar [S.], was knighted between 
Sep. 1390 and 18 Jan. 1391/2; sue. his father in 1420 in the barony of 
Aberdour, co. Fife, the castle and town of Dalkeith, &'c.; was one of the 
conservators of the treaty with England 1424, and is usually said 
to have been soon afterwards (1430.'') "one of the first persons dignified 
with the title of a Lord of Parliaments''^') as [Query.?] LORD DAL- 
KEITH [S.]. He m., istly, before 10 Nov. 1387, and possibly as early 
as 24 Mar. 138 1/2, Elizabeth, 3rd da. of John (Stewart), Earl of 
Carrick., afterwards King Robert III, by Annabel, ist da. of Sir John 
Drummond, of Stobhall. He m., 2ndly, between 141 1 and Oct. 1439, 
Janet, da. of Sir William Borthwick, of Borthwick. He d. between 
Feb. 1439/40 and May 1441. His widow »?. George (Crichton), Earl 
OF Caithness [S.], who d. in Aug. 1454. She was living 5 June 1464. 

2. James (Douglas), Lord Dalkeith [S.], 2nd but ist surv.('=) 
s. and h. by ist wife, who before or soon after his succession was 
incapable of managing his affairs, and was so declared by Act of Pari. [S.] 
22 May 1441. Hew. Elizabeth,('') da. of James Gifford, sister of James 
GiFFORD, of SherifFhall, which last named James was appointed his 
Curator. He d. between 8 Sep. 1456 and 14 Mar. 1457/8. His wife 
was living 8 Sep. 1456, and probably surv. him. 



(*) See Exchequer Rolls [S.], ed. by G. Burnett, sometime Lyon, vol. v, p. Ixv. 

('') There seems little evidence that a Barony of Dalkeith was ever created, or 
that it was anything more than a subsidiary or courtesy title of the heirs ap. of the 
Earls of Morton. Sir James Douglas, supposed to have been cr. Lord Dalkeith, is 
described in Royal Charters before and after his death merely as "James, Lord of Dal- 
keith, knight." On the other hand, Robert, the 8th (Douglas) Earl of Morton, is 
called "Lord Dalkeith" in a charter dat. 3 Nov. 1632, before his accession to the 
Earldom; and on 9 Sep. 1672, his s., William, Earl of Morton, formally by deed 
renounced his right to the style and designation of Lord Dalkeith, although the estate 
of that name had been alienated nearly 30 years before. V.G. 

(') His elder br., William, b. before Sep. 1390, had disp., 9 Dec. 1420, to m. 
Margaret Borthwick, widow of William Abernethy, but d. v.p. and j./-., probably in 
1425, in England, where he had been a hostage for James I. V.G. 

{^) Margaret, da. of James (Douglas), 7th Earl of Douglas [S.], is often stated to 
have been his ist wife, but she was in fact wife of his next yr. br., Henry. V.G. 



40 DALKEITH 



3. James (Douglas), Lord Dalkeith [S.], s. and h., who, 
having m. the Lady Joan Stewart, 3rd da. of King James I, was, on 
14 Mar. 1457/8, cr. EARL OF MORTON [S.], in which dignity this 
barony, if it ever existed, became merged till the resignation made by the 
3rd Earl, in 1540, of all his honours to the Crown, since which date it 
must be assumed to have followed the course of that Earldom. See 
"Morton," Earldom of [S.] cr. 1458. 



i.e. " Darnley, Aubigny and Dalkeith," Barony [S.] (^Stuart), cr. 
5 Mar. 1579/80 with the Earldom of Lennox [S.], which see; extinct 
1672. 

i.e. " Aubigny, Dalkeith, Torboltoun, and Aberdour," Barony [S.] 
{Stuart), cr. 5 Aug. 158 1 with the Dukedom of Lennox [S.], which see; 
extinct 1672. 

i.e. "Dalkeith," Earldom of [S.] {Scott), cr. 20 Apr. 1663 with the 
Dukedom of Buccleuch [S.], which see. 

DALLING AND BULWER OF DALLING 

BARONY. William Henry Lytton Earle Bulwer, 2nd of the 

„ three sons(^) of Gen. William Earle Bulwer, of Wood 

' Dalling and Heydon, Norfolk, by Elizabeth Barbara, da. 

P and h. of Richard Warburton-Lytton, of Knebworth, 

^ "7^" Herts; was I?. 13 Feb. 1801, at 31 Baker Str., Maryle- 

bone; ed. at Harrow, and at Trin. Coll. and Downing 
Coll., Cambridge; was an officer in the ist Life Guards 1824, and in 
the 58th Foot 1826; entered the diplomatic service 1827; Sec. of Legation, 
Brussels, 1835-37; Sec. of Embassy, Constantinople, 1837-38, St. Peters- 
burg 1838-39, and Paris 1839-43. M.P. (Liberal) for Wilton 1830-31, 
for Coventry 1831-35, for Marylebone 1835-37, ^'^^ ^°^ Tamworth 
1868-71; Envoy extraordinary and Minister at Madrid 1843-48, being, in 
1848, dismissed at the instance of the Spanish ministry for lecturing the 
Spanish Queen on the appointment of a Minister ;('') Envoy extraordinary 

(*) The eldest brother, William Earle Lytton Bulwer, sue. to the paternal 
estates of Wood Dalling and Heydon, Norfolk, and ^.21 July 1877, aged 78, 
leaving issue; while the third and youngest brother was the well-known Sir Edward 
George Earle Lytton-Bulwer, afterwards Bulwer-Lytton, cr. Baron Lytton of Kneb- 
worth, 1866. 

(*>) For this impertinence Palmerston was largely responsible. Queen Victoria 
was very indignant at the affair, and writes scathingly to Lord Palmerston of Bulwer's 
conduct, how " He invariably boasted of at least being in the confidence of every 
conspiracy . . . and after their various failures generally harboured the chief actors 



BALLING 41 

and Minister at Washington 1849-52; at Florence 1852-54; and Ambas- 
sador at Constantinople 1858-65. P.C. 30 June 1845; K.C.B. 27 Apr. 
i848;G.C.B. I Mar. 1851. On 21 Mar. 1871 he was cr. BARON BAL- 
LING AND BULWER OF DALLING, Norfolk. He «;., 9 Dec. 1 848, 
at Hatfield House, Herts, Georgiana Charlotte Mary, da. of Henry 
(Wellesley), 1st Baron Cowley, by his 2nd wife, Georgiana Charlotte 
Augusta, da. of James (Cecil), ist Marquess of Salisbury. He d. s.p., 
suddenly, at Naples, 23 May 1872, aged 71, when his Peerage became 
extinct.{^) His widow, who was b. 1 1 June 1817, ^. 2 Aug. 1878, aged 61. 

DALMENY 

i.e. " Primrose and Dalmeny," Barony [S.] (Primrose)^ cr. 1 700, with 
the ViscouNTCY OF RosEBERY [S.], which see. 

i.e. "Dalmeny and Primrose," Barony [S.] (Primrose), cr. 1703, with 
the Earldom of Rosebery [S.], which see. 

DALRYMPLE 

i.e. "Dalrymple," Viscountcy [S.] {Dalrympk'), cr. 1703, with the 
Earldom of Stair [S.], which see. 

DALTON i.e. SOUTH DALTON 

See "Hotham of South Dalton," Barony [L] (Hothatn), cr. 1797. 

DALZELL 

BARONY [S.] I. Robert Dalzell, of Dalzell, co. Lanark, s. and h. 

, ^^ „ of Robert D. of that ilk, by Janet, da. of Gavin Hamilton, 

of Raploch, was b. about 1560. He is described as 
"Robert 'DzXi.tW, younger of Dalzell,'' 12 Nov. 1596, in a 

charter of the lands of Eliok, and as "of Eliok," 26 July 1602; was 

knighted before 1602, and was, in consideration of his own merits and of 

in his house under the plea of humanity . . . Such principles are sure to be known 
in Spain, the more so when one considers the extreme vanity of Sir H. Bulwer, and 
his probable imprudence in the not very creditable company he is said to keep ... if 
our diplomatists are not kept in better order, the Queen may at any moment be ex- 
posed to similar insults." V.G. 

{^) " His temper wras perfect, it arose from a genuine sweetness of disposition, 
from a kind, gentle, affectionate nature. His judgment was never disturbed by 
irritability. He weighed motives and conduct in exquisitely poised scales, and his 
estimates of character were seldom equalled for sagacity and truth. His grace, his 
tact, his high bred manners, made him a general favourite in society." (Abraham 
Hayward). Lord Melbourne describes him in 1841, as "clever, active; somewhat 
bitter and caustic, and rather suspicious." V.G. 

6 



42 DALZELL 

the loyalty of his ancestors, on i8 Sep. 1628, cr. LORD OF DALZELL 
[S.] to him and his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Dalzell. He 
m. (cont. dat. 28 Mar. 1580) Margaret, da. of Robert Crichton, of Eliok. 
He d. between 11 July 1635 and July 1636. (^) 

IL 1635 2. Robert (Dalzell), Lord Dalzell, s. and h. On 

or 2 1 Apr. 1 639, he was cr. EARL OF CARNWATH [S.]. 

1636. See "Carnwath," Earldom of, cr. 1639. 



See "Hamilton of Dalzell, co. Lanark," Barony {Hamilton), cr. 
1886. 

DAMORY or D AM MORYC') 

BARONY BY i . Sir Roger Damory,('^) of Bletchingdon, Oxon, yr. br. 
WRIT. of Sir Richard Damory('') [Lord Damory], and yr. 

J s. of Sir Robert Damory, of Bucknell in that co. He 

^ '' was an associate of Edward II, who gave him, 1 1 Feb. 

13 1 6/7, the manor of Holton, Oxon.('') Having m. the 
King's niece, he was granted, 3 May and 6 July 13 17, on this account and 
for his good services at the battle of Bannockburn, the manors of Sandal, co. 
York, and Vauxhall, Surrey, to him and his wife, Elizabeth, and his heirs.Q 
Keeper of the Castle and Honour of Knaresborough, 24 Dec. 1 3 1 4 to 18 Oct. 
13 1 7, and 4 Mar. 1317/8 to 27 May I3i8;(«) of Corfe Castle and the Forest 
of Purbeck, 20 Feb. 13 17/8 to 8 May I32i;(e) of St. Briavel's Castle and 
the Forest of Dean, 4 June 13 18 to 11 Apr. 1321.(8) He was sum. for 
Military Service from 20 May (13 17) 10 Edw. II to 22 May (13 19) 
12 Edw. II, and to Pari, from 20 Nov. (1317) 11 Edw. II to 15 May (1321) 
14 Edw. II, by writs directed Rogero Damory or Dammory, whereby he is 

(^) In all previous accounts he has been stated to have been cr. Ear! of Carn- 
wath, but see vol. iii, p. 49, note " b," under that title. V.G. 

C) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(^) His arms were, Barry undy of six, Argent and Gules, a bend Azure. 

\^) By his charter, dated Monday after St. Peter ad vinculo 6 Edw. II [7 Aug. 
1 31 2], Richard Damory granted his manor of Bletchingdon to Roger his br.,for life: 
who held it till it was taken into the King's hand with his other lands [in 1321]. It 
was returned to the donor, on petition, 20 Sep. 1322. [Ancient Petitions^ file 42, 
no. 2053: Close Roll, 16 Edw. II, m. 26). Roger has hitherto been described as uncle 
of Richard, and br. of a Nicholas, who never existed. See next article. 

(«) Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 98, no. 4006. The letters patent [Roll, 10 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. i), though dated 11 Feb., were concocted much later, and are misleading. 

(') Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 99, no. 4196: Patent Roll, 10 Edw. II, p. 2, mm. 6, I. 
These 3 manors were resumed, but regranted with the assent of Pari., i Dec. 131 8. 
[Idem, 12 Edw. II, p. 1, m. II ). 

(e) Fine Rolls, 8 Edw. II, «. 15; II Edw. II, mm. 5, 2; 14 Edw. II, mm. 5, 4: 
Patent Roll, 11 Edw. II, p. i, mm. 22, 17; Close Roll, m. 18 d. 



DAMORY 43 

held to have become LORD DAMORY.(") His lands were taken into the 
King's hand, 1 8 Oct., but restored, 2 Dec. 1 3 i y-C") He took an active part in 
"pursuing" the DespenserSjC^) for which he received a pardon, 20 Aug. 1321, 
in accordance with the agreement made in Parl.C^) Was one of the principal 
contrariants, and was engaged in the capture of Gloucester, the burning of 
Bridgnorth, the siege of Tickhill, and the conflict at Burton-on-Trent. His 
lands were taken into the King's hand, and various orders for his arrest issued, 
7 Dec. 1321 to II Mar. i32i/2.('^) On the retreat before the King's forces, 
being sick, or mortally wounded, he was left behind at Tutbury, where he was 
captured, 11 Mar.,(^) tried and condemned to death, but respited, 13 Mar. 
1 321/2.0 He m., about Apr. (before 3 May) 13 17, Elizabeth, 3rd sister 
of the whole blood and coh. of Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and Hert- 
ford, da. of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, 
by his 2nd wife, Joan of Acre, da. of King Edward I. She had m., istly, 
30 Sep. 1308, at Waltham Abbey, in the King's presence,(8) John de 
Burgh (s. and h. ap. of Richard, Earl of Ulster), who d'. v.p., 18 June 
13 13, at Galway;('') and, 2ndly, as 2nd wife, 4 Feb. 13 15/6, near Bristol, 



(^) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

(*>) Patent Roll, 1 1 Edw. 11,/. i^mm. 22, 12. On I Nov. he was ordered to deliver 
up tlie Castle of Gloucester, which had been committed to him only 8 days before, 
24 Oct. {Idem, mm. 21, 17). A document, dated 24 Nov., printed in Pari. Writs, 
vol. ii, part ii, appendix, p. 120, throws some liglit on the matter. 

f^) His quarrel was a personal one, for the younger Despenser by " faux com- 
passementz compassa dauoir les terres mons' Roger Damary pur auoir atteint par tieux 
faux compassementz al entier du Countee de Glouc' en desheritaunce des piers de la 
terre." {Cloie Roll, 15 Edw. II, mm. 30 d, 13 d, schedule). 

{^) Patent Roll, isEdw. II,/.. \,mm. 18,8,7, I'^S Close Roll, mm. 20 i, 19 d, I 7 d, 
and schedule. 

(') In one of the two writs issued that day at Tutbury, enumerating the rebels 
who were to be arrested, his name is omitted. {Patent Roll, 15 Edw. II, />. 2, 
m. 25). 

(') Before the Constable, the Marshal, and Geoffrey le Scrope. The judgment, on 
Saturday after St. Gregory, after reciting his crimes, proceeds, "Et quaunt vous veistes 
la sarraye et forcible venue vostre seignour le Roi . . . puys tournastes le dos et fuistes 
de ver le Northe derobeaunt le pays deuaunt vous com traytour et Robeour taunt qe vous 
venistes a Tuttebiri . . . par quei ceste Court agarde qe pur la traysoun soiez traynez 
et pur les homicides arsons et roberies pendutz Mes Roger pur ceo qe nostre seignour le 
Roy vous ad en temps moult amez et fuistes de sa Meygne et priuez de lui et auez sa 
Nyece esposee nostre dit seignour le Roi de sa grace et de sa Realte met en respit 
execucioun de eel Jugement a sa volunte." {Coram Rege, Hilary, 18 Edw. II, Rex, 
m. 34). The lands of the contrariants were restored in Pari., I Edw. Ill, " pro eo 
quod querela predicta in dicto parliamento nostro per nos et totum parliamentum 
nostrum bona et justa adjudicata est et judicia versos illos qui de dicta querela fuerunt 
reddita penitus adnullata." {Close Roll, i Edw. III,/.. I, m. 22). 

(8) De antiquls Legibus Liher, p. 251. See Ulster. 

(•")"... apud Galvey in festo sanctorum Marci et Marcelliani." {Annals of 
Ireland, p. 343). "... circa Pentecosten [3 June]." (J. Clyn, Annales, p. 11). 



44 DAMORY 

against the King's will and without his licence, (^) Sir Theobald de Verdun, 
of Alton, CO. Stafford [Lord Verdun], who d. at Alton Castle, 27 July, and 
was bur. 19 Sep. 13 16, in Croxden Abbey-C") She, who had livery of her 
dower [E.], 6 Dec. 13 16, had, with her 3rd husband, livery of the knights' 
fees and advowsons of her said dower, 26 June, of her dower [I.], 26 Sep., 
and, the King having taken his fealty 22 May, of her inheritance, 15 Nov. 
I3i7.('=) He <2'. 13 or 14 Mar. 132 1/2, at Tutbury Castle,('^) and was bur. 
in St. Mary's, Ware.(') On 16 Mar. his widow was imprisoned in the 
Abbey of Barking, and there, under duress and fear of death for herself 
and her son, was forced to grant her lordships in Wales to the younger 
Despenser and his wife.Q She had livery of her inheritance in England 
and Ireland, 2 Nov. 1322.(8) At Christmas following, at the instigation 
of the younger Despenser, she was placed under arrest at York, till she 
signed a bond by which she undertook not to marry nor to dispose of any of 
her lands without the King's licence, on pain of forfeiting all she possessed.('') 

(") The marriage took place "die Mercurii proxima post festum Purificacionis 
beate Marie anno etc' nono . . . extra dictum castrum [Bristoll'] ad unam leucam." 
{Pari. Roll, Exch., no. 20, m. 3). See Verdun. 

(*>) " M™° CCC"" Sextodecimo . . . vj kl' Augusti qui erat dies Martis mane 
diluculo dominus T. de Verdun' . . . apud Castrum de Alveton' ab hac luce migravit 
Sepultusque est apud Crokesden' . . . xiij™" kl' Octobris s. die Sancti Sequani 
Abbatis." {Annales Abb. de Crokesden, in Cotton MSS., Faust., B 6, part I, f. 80). 

(<=) Close Rolls, 10 Edw. II, mm. 19, 4, 3, 2; II Edw. II, m. 20: Fine Roll, 
1 1 Edw. II, m. 6. 

C^) " Rex castrum comitis de Tuttebiry cepit ubi inventus fuit dominus Rogerus 
Damary et alii vuhierati." {Gesta Edwardi auct. Bridlington. ,^1. J ^). "Repperitautem rex 
apud Tottebury Rogerum Dammori in extremis laborantem; erat enim infirmitas ad 
mortem quia non vixit ultra tercium diem: et bene quidem et honeste sibi contigit 
quod ad finem desolatum cum sociis non duravit. Iste Rogerus olim pauper miles et 
tenuis ob industriam et probitatem suam factus est regis specialis, quamobrem dedit 
ei rex neptem suam in uxorem et de comitatu Gloucestrie que contingebat eam terciam 
partem. Sed quia cum baronibus contra regem tenuit, notam ingratitudinis a multis 
reportavit." {Vita Edwardi auct. Malmesber., p. 268). " Dominus Rogerus Dammery 
mortuus est pulcre in lecto suo apud Tuttebyry in castello." (Knighton, vol. i, p. 427). 
" Sire Roger Dammory morust pur deol de droit mort a Tuttebury." {French Chron. 
of London, p. 44, and Cotton MSS., Cleop., A 6, f. 72 v). 

(«) M.I. there, to him and his wife, in Weever, Fun. Mon. (edit. 1767), p. 311. 

(') The castles and manors of Usk, Tregruk [Llangibby], and Caerieon, and 19 
other manors and advowsons. She had livery thereof, 25 July 1322, doubtless in 
order that she should make the enfeoffment. In the licence, 10 July 1322, the trans- 
action appears as a mere exchange of the above for the castles and manors of Swansea, 
Oystermouth, ^c. Cf. the entry of the bond for j^i 2,000 extorted by the Despensers 
from Roger Damory, i June 131 7. Both these transactions were annulled in the 
next reign. {Close Rolls, 10 Edw. II, m. 5 d, schedule; 15 Edw. II, m. 16; 
16 Edw. II, m. 32: Charter Roll, 16 Edw. II, m. 7: Patent Rolls, 16 Edw. II, p. I, 
m. 33; I Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 20; 3 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 30 d; 8 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 12). 

(8) Close Roll, 16 Edw. II, 7n. 23. 

(•>) Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 440. Bond annulled in full Pari., 5 Mar. I Edw. Ill, 
as against law and against all reason. 



DAMORY 45 

Her lands were taken into the King's hand, 7 Jan. 1322/3, as she had left 
the King without his licence.(*) They were restored to her, 17 Feb. 
1326/7, and the King took her homage therefor, 20 Dec. I327.('') She 
endowed University Hall, Cambridge, 8 Apr. 1336, becoming Founder 
thereof, 6 Apr. I338.('') Founder (lie. i Feb. 1346/7) of a House of Friars 
Minors, at Walsingham, Norfolk.('=) She, who was aged 19 or 20 at her 
brother's death in 13 14,^ d. 4 Nov. i36o,Q and was bur.^ with her 3rd 
husband, in St. Mary's, Ware. M.I. "Will dat. at Clare, 25 Sep. 1355, pr. 
at the Convent of the Minoresses without Aldgate, London, 3 Dec. 1360.0 

2. Elizabeth Damory, only da. and h., b. shortly before 23 May 
13 1 8. She m., before 25 Dec. I327,(s) Sir John Bardolf, of Wormegay, 
Norfolk [Lord Bardolf]. The King took his homage and fealty, and they 
had livery of her inheritance,(^) 5 Feb. 1360/1.(5) She predeceased him. 
He, who was b. 13 Jan. 13 13/4, sue. his father, Thomas, 15 Dec. 1329, 

(^) Cloie Rolls, 16 Edw.II, m. 16; I Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 22, 21, p. 2, m. 4. 

C") At which date Richard de Badewe, " fundator patronus et advocatus domus 
que aula universitatis Cantabrigie nuncupatur," surrendered to her the patronage, ^c. 
{Clare College Reg., ex inform. F. G. M. Beck, Librarian). As early as 1346 it was 
called Clare Hall, and was, in 1 353, said to be wasted and dilapidated. [Patent Rolls, 
20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 22; 27 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 21 d). 

(<=) Patent Roll, 21 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 28: cf. 22 Edw. III,/. I, m. 40. 

{^) Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. II, files 42-44. The jurors in 5 cos. gave her name 
as Isabel. On further inquiries, it was returned that Isabel was an error for Eliza- 
beth : showing that the two names were already liable to confusion, though still con- 
sidered to be distinct. 

(') " Elizabetha de Burgo." Writs of diem cl. ext. 6 Nov. 34 Edw. III. Inq., 
COS. Lincoln, Herts, Suffolk, Dorset, 10 Dec, Monday before St. Thomas the 
Apostle, Wednesday before Christmas [14, 23 Dec] 1360, and Monday before 
Epiphany [4 Jan.] 1360/1. " Dicunt eciam quod predicta Elizabetha obiit quarto die 
Novembris anno regni Regis nunc xxxiiij° [die Mercurii proximo post festum Omnium 
sanctorum proximo preterito — co. Dorset] et quod Elizabetha filia predictorum Rogeri 
[Damory] et Elizabetha uxoris ejus quam Johannes Bardolf chivaler duxit in uxorem 
estpropinquior heres predicti Rogeri de manerio predicto [Cathorp'] cum pertinenciis 
et est etatis xxx annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 152, no. 5: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 15, no. 5, and Enrolments, no. 125). For other inquisitions 
see Ulster and Verdun. 

Lambeth Reg., Islep, ff. 164 v-166 v. "Elizabethe de Bourg' dame de Clare 
. . . mon corps a la terre destre enterre a les soeres menuresses hors de Algate en 
Loundres." She mentions "Elizabethe ma fille Contesse Duluestier," "ma ioefne 
fille Isabel Bardolf . . . Agneissasoer," and " ma fille Contesse Datthelles." This has 
deceived Dugdale, all these being her granddaughters. 

(s) Patent Roll, 1 Edw. lU, p. 3, m. 4: Close Roll, 35 Edw. Ill, m. 41. 

C") The manors of Ilketshall and Clopton, Suffolk, obtained by her mother in ex- 
change for Vauxhall and Kennington, Surrey; Caythorpe, co. Lincoln, of the grant of 
Gilbert d'Aton; Douse (now Dowsett) in Standon, Herts; and some land in Cranborne, 
Dorset — and not 4 manors and 2 boroughs in that co., as Dugdale states. [Feet of Fines, 
case 136, file 87, no. 43: Patent Roll, 1 1 Edw. II,/>. l,m. 16: Close Roll, 1 1 Edw. Ill, 
p. 2, mm. 34 d, 24 d; Charter Roll, m. 10: Inq. next above). 



46 



DAMORY 



did homage and had livery of his inheritance, 26 Mar. 133^, and d. 
29 July 1363, aged 49, at Assisi in Italy. Any hereditary Barony of 
Damory, that may be supposed to have been created by the writ of 13 17, 
was thus united to that of Bardolf. 

DAMORY or DAMMORYC) 
BARONY BY i. Sir Richard DamorYjC) s. and h. of Sir Robert 

WRIT. Damory [d. I285),('=) of Bucknell and Woodperry, Oxon, 

Thornborough, Bucks, and Ubley, Somerset. Sheriff 
I. 1326. of Oxon and Berks 1308-10. Appointed Forester of 

Whittlewood Forest, for life, 20 Dec. i309.('') Constable 
of Oxford Castle 28 Sep. 131 1 to 24 Feb. i32o/i.(^) His lands were taken 
into the King's hand, 19 Feb. 1321/2,0 and he was arrested and impri- 
soned in Banbury Castle, but was released 1 6 Mar. following.(°) A banneret 
June 1322.0 He was on the King's service against the Scots 4 Aug. 
to 7 Nov. 1322. (s) Steward of the King's Household July 1322 to May 
1325. (•") Ordered to besiege the Castle of Wallingford 17 Jan. 1322/3. (*) 
Appointed Keeper of the Forest of Salcey 4 May 1325. (') Justice of co. 
Chester, from before 4 June 1325 to 28 Feb. 1327/8. (') Justice of North 
Wales 12 Dec. 1326 to 20 Feb. 1326/7.0 He was sum. for Military 

(^) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C*) His arms were, Barry undy of six, Argent and Gules, 

{^) He was living 12 July 1285, but d. before Kirkby's Inquest (Bucks, Oxon, 
Somerset). He was s. and h. of Roger (living 27 May 1281), s. and h. of Robert (who 
m. Joan, and d. 1236), s. and h. of Robert d'Amaury. [Cloie Roll, 9 Edw. I, m. 7: 
Charter Roll, 14 Edw. I, m. 5: Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 97, mm. 17, 18: White 
Kennett, Par. Jniiq., passim, from the Cartulary of Oseney, &c: Feudal J ids, vol. i, 
p. 81, vol. iv, pp. 158, 297: yc). Dugdale presumes that the Richard in the text was 
s. and h. of Nicholas, citing Charter Roll, 6 Edw. II, no. 65, for the existence of the 
latter. He has, however, read Nicholas instead of Richard, which is the name on the 
Roll. Subsequent writers have copied the mistake, accepting this imaginary Nicholas. 

(■1) Office resumed: regranted, 3 May 131 3: again resumed, Feb. 1 32 1/2: 
regranted for life, 27 Sep. 1323. {Patent Rolls, 2 Edw. II, w. 8; 5 Edw.II,/>. 2,m. ii; 
6 Edw. II, p. 2, m. II; 15 Edw. II, />. 2, w. 27 ; 1 7 Edw. II, p. i, m. 1 5). 

(^) Fine Rolls, 5 Edw. II, tnm. 20, 12; 15 Edw. II, p. 1, m. 1$: Close Rolls, 
5 Edw. II, m. 20; 1 4 Edw. II, m. lO; 15 Edw. II, mm. 18, 17, 16. 

Pari. IVrits, vol. ii, part ii, p. 593. 

(s) With 15 men-at-arms (10 after 13 Sep., "quo die quinque scutiferi sui 
recesserunt de servicio Regis "), of whom 2 were knights: rate of pay as below. Total 
jf 86. [Accounts of Roger de IValtham, Keeper of the King's Wardrobe, Orig., Stowe 
MSS., no. 553, f. 56). 

(•>) Charter Rolls, 16-18 Edw. II: Patent Roll, 18 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 10. 

(') Patent Roll, 16 Edw. II, p. i, m. 8. Being paid, from 24 Jan., "quo die 
recessit de Curia " at Stow Park, co. Lincoln, to 29 Jan., when going, and awaiting 
the coming of his men, 1 1 7^. ; from 30 Jan. to 5 Mar., when besieging and guarding the 
Castle, with 19 men-at-arms, of whom 3 were knights, himself ^s., each knight 2s., 
and each other man-at-arms 1 2d., a day. Total ^^5 i "Js. (Waltham, Accounts, f. 60). 

(J) Patent Rolls, 18 Edw. II, p. 2,m.ii; 20 Edw. II, m. 5; 2 Edw. Ill, />. I, 
m. 26: Chester Plea Roll, 18-19 Edw. II, m. 9: Fine Roll, i Edw. Ill, m. 23. 



DAMORY 47 

Service from 24 May (1297) 25 Edw. I to 5 Apr. (1327) i Edw. HI, to 
Councils from 9 May (1324) 17 Edw. II to 5 June (1330) 4 Edw. Ill, 
and to Pari, from 3 Dec. (1326) 20 Edw. II to 25 Jan. (1329/30) 4 Edw. Ill, 
by writs directed Ricardo Damory or Dmnmory, whereby he is held to have 
become LORD DAMORY.^' He m. Margaret.^) He ^. 21 Aug. 
i33o.(°) His widow had livery of her dower, 5 Nov. 1330. ('') She d. 
28 Mar. 1 3 54-0 

2. Sir Richard Damory, of Bucknell, Woodperry, i^c., s. and h., 
b. 13 1 5 or 13 I 5/6. Having proved his age, the King took his homage, and 
he had livery of his inheritance, 16 Jan. 1336/7.0 Knighted, 16 Mar. 
1336/7- H^ ■w^s in Scotland on the King's service in Jan. 1 337/8, (^) 
in the King's division at the battle of Crecy, and was present at the siege 
of Calais.(s) He sold or otherwise disposed of most of his property.C") 
Being in debt to the King he was committed to the Fleet, but was bailed 
before 23 Apr. 1352. (') In consequence, he was bound, 13 Feb. 1353/4, 

(^) A summons to a Council, 6 Sep. (his name is cancelled in the list), and one 
to Pari., 23 Oct. 4 Edw. Ill, addressed to him, issued after his death. 

('') It has been asserted that she was the Margaret, sister of Sir John Chaundos 
(and da. of Sir Edward Chaundos, of Radburn, Egginton, and Mugginton, co. Derby 
— Feudal Aids, vol. i, p. 259), who is mentioned below, p. 48, note " b." But this 
identification is false. For, while Richard Damory the younger was yet living, viz.. 
12 Oct. 1374, Isabel, wife of John d'Annesley kt., is described as da. and h. of 
Margaret, sometime wife of Robert d'Irlont [or d'Irland, of Locko, co. Derby, living 
1349], and sister of John Chaundos kt. {Coventry and Lichfield Reg., vol. iv, 
Stretton i, f. 43). 

(•=) " Ricardus Dammory." Writ or dietn d. ext. 2 i Aug. [Fine Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, 
m. 18). Inq., Oxon (2), Northants, Bucks, I, I, 13, 25 Sep. 1330. " Ricardus filius 
predict! Ricardi Dammori est heres ipsius Ricardi Dammori propinquior et etatis xvj 
annorum et amplius [sexdecim annorum — co. Oxon"]." He held the manor of Head- 
ington and the hundreds of Bullingdon and Without the North Gate of Oxford, of the 
King at fee farm: the manor of Woodperry, I fee, of the honour of Cornwall: the 
manors of Thornborough, \ fee, Bletchingdon, I fee, Bucknell, I fee, and Ubley, in 
socage, of other lords than the King. (Ch. Inq. p. ot., Edw. Ill, file 21, no. 13). He 
^.21 Aug. [Eicheatori' Enrolled Accounts, no. 2, rn. 36). 

(<J) Close Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, m. 16. 

(') " Margareta que fuit uxor Ricardi Dammory chivaler." Writ of diem cl. ext. 
3 Dec. 28 Edw. in England and 15 in France. Inq., Oxon, 8 Dec. 1354. "Et 
dicunt quod eadem Margareta obiit xxviij die Marcij anno regni Regis supradicti 
vicesimo octavo Dicunt eciam quod Ricardus Dammory filius predicte Margarete est 
heres ejusdem Margarete propinquior et etatis xxxv annorum et amplius." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 127, no. 9). 

(0 Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 233, no. 9753: Close Roll, 10 Edw. Ill, m. 4. 

(8) Patent Rolls, 12 Edw. Ill, p. l, m. 40; 20 Edw. Ill, p. 4, ^. 9: French Roll, 
20 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 10: Close Roll, 36 Edw. Ill, m. 6. 

(^) Patent Rolls, 18 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 38; 23 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 10; 25 Edw. Ill, 
p. 2, m. 29, /I. 3, m. II; 38 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. I. 

Close Roll, 26 Edw. Ill, w. 21 d. 



48 DAMORY 

to enfeoff the King of all the lands which he held in demesne, but was 
ordered to enfeoff Sir John Chaundos thereof.(*) He d. s.p., 29 Mar. 
1375-0 ^^^ \\e\xs, are unknown. (') 



DANBY 

EARLDOM. Henry Danvers, 2nd s. of Sir John D., of Dauntsey, 

Wilts, and of Danby Castle, in the North Riding, co. 

I. 1626 York, by Elizabeth, 4th da. and coh. of John (Nevill), 

to Lord Latimer, heiress of Danby Castle afsd.; was b. 

1644. 28 June, and bap. i July 1573, at Dauntsey; served in 

the wars in the Low Countries under Maurice, Prince of 

Orange, both by sea and land; was made a Capt. in the wars of France, and 

there knighted for his good services, as also, 8 Oct. 1591, by the Earl 

(^) Close Roll, 22>Y.diW.\\l,m.2<)A. On 5 Oct. 1358, John Chaundos was granted 
the reversion of the manor of Woodperry which Richard held for life, but Richard 
surrendered it to John by lie. dated 12 June 1 360, when he also obtained lie. to en- 
feoflF John of the manor of Headington, the hundreds of Bullingdon and Without the 
North Gate of Oxford (the reversion of which had been granted to his father by the 
King at fee farm, 23 Aug. 1 1 Edw. II — Fine Roll, m. 13, schedule), Richard and his 
executors to hold the premises for his life and a year after his death, reversion to John 
and his heirs. {Patent Rolls, 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 25; 34 Edw. Ill, /. i,m. 8). On 
account of this feoffment, in the Inq. next below (which concerns these premises only) 
the heirs of John, not those of Richard, were returned. 

(*") "Ricardus Damory chivaler." Writ of diem ci. ext. 4 Apr. 49 Edw. in 
England and 36 in France. Inq., Oxon, 28 May 1375. "Et dicunt quod predictus 
Ricardus obiit die Jovis proximo post festum Annunciacionis beate Marie virginis 
anno supradicto Et dicunt quod Elizabetha Chaundos et Alianora Chaundos quam 
Rogerus Colynge duxit in uxorem sorores predicti Johannis Chaundos et Isabella filia 
Margarete tercie sororum ejusdem Johannis quam quidem Isabellam Johannes de 
Annesley chivaler duxit in uxorem sunt heredes ejusdem Johannis propinquiores 
et quelibet earum etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Ch. hiq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 243, no. 36). 

(') On ID June 1347, he had lie. to entail the manors of Codington and Head- 
ington, the hundreds named above, and the bailiwick of the forestry of Somerset, on 
himself and the heirs male of his body, rem. to John his br., rem. to Joan his sister and 
the heirs male of her body, rem. to his own right heirs. {Patent Roll, 21 Edw. Ill, 
p. 2, m. 30). Sir Nicholas Dammory, Steward of the Household to Isabel, the King's 
da. {Patent Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 29), Knight of the Shire for cos. Hunts and 
Oxon, and one of the executors of Elizabeth de Burgh, was probably his first cousin. 
In 1340 John Bardolf and Elizabeth his wife granted the manor of Holton to this 
Nicholas, for life. {Patent Rolls, 14 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 6; 47 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 35). 
He m., istly, Alianore {d. before 29 July 1360), widow of Sir Alan la Zouche, of 
Ashby, CO. Leicester {d. 12 Nov. 1346: see Zouche): and 2ndly, Joan, who was 
living 8 May 1381. In his will, dat. at Depden, Suffolk, Sunday after the Purifica- 
tion [3 Feb.] 1380/1, pr. 8 May 1 381, directing his burial to be in Depden Church, 
he mentions this Joan, but no other relation. {Norwich Reg., Haydone, f. 185 v). 



DANBY 49 

of Essex in Ireland. (") Lieut. Gen. of the Horse in Ireland 1599; Gov. 
of Armagh 1601; Sergeant Major Gen. of the Army, July to Oct. 1602. 
He was cr., 21 July 1603, BARON DANVERS OF DANTSEY, co. 

WiltSjC') and was by Act of Pari. 27 May 1605 restored in blood (as h. to 
his father), his elder brother, Sir Charles Danvers (who d. s.p., 18 Mar. 
1600/1), having been attainted.if) He was Lord Pres. of Munster 
1607-15; Gov. of Guernsey 1620/1 till his death. On 5 Feb. 1625/6, 
he was cr. EARL OF DANBY, co. York,('') being ranked 5th of the 8 Earls 
cr. that day.(') P.C. 20 July 1628; Constable of Pickering Castle 1628; 
Grand Master of Freemasons 1630-33; nom. and inst. K.G. 7 Nov. 1633; 
Keeper of Wychwood Forest in and before 1638; was on the Commission 
of Regency, Aug. to Nov. 1641. He d. unm., at Cornbury Park, Oxon, 
29 Jan. 1643/4, in his 71st year, and was bur. at Dauntsey afsd., when all his 
honours became extinct. M.I. at Dauntsey. Will(') dat. 19 Dec. 1640 
to 29 Nov. 1643, pr. 9 Oct. 1645; admon. 9 Mar. 1673/4. 



i.e. "Latimer of Danby, co. York," Viscountcy {Osborne), cr. 15 Aug. 
1673; see "Leeds," Dukedom of, cr. 1694, under the ist Duke.(*) 



i.e. "Danby," Earldom of {Osborne), a. 27 June 1674; see "Leeds," 
Dukedom of, cr. 1694, under the ist Duke. 



i.e. "Dawnay of Danby, co. York," Barony {Dawnay), cr. 1897; see 
"DowNE," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1681, under the 8th Viscount. 

(') On 4 Oct. 1594, he and his br. Charles murdered Henry, br. of Sir Walter 
Long, at Corsham, for which they were outlawed, and fled to France; they were 
pardoned 30 June 1598. In 1604 his outlawry was reversed on the ground that 
the coroner's indictment had omitted the word "percussit"! V.G. 

(*>) This was the 4th out of 8 Baronies, which, with 3 Earldoms, were created 
that day. See note iub Devonshire, Earldom, cr. 1603. 

(<=) This Charles was beheaded for his share in the insurrection of the Earl of 
Essex. His yr. br., Sir John Danvers, was one of the regicide judges. V.G. 

C') See Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Report, D.K. Pub. Records. 

(') See vol. iii, p. 280, note " a," under Cleveland, Earldom of, cr. 1626. 

(•) It was printed in the evidence in the Scales case. He left an impropriate 
parsonage for the upkeep of the Physic Gardens at Oxford, which he had founded at a 
cost of nearly ^^5,000; and bequeathed his "principal George and Garter" to his 
younger brother. Sir John, to descend, with Dauntsey, as an heirloom. V.G. 

(e) His connection with these titles was that his mother, Anne (widow of 
William Middleton), was one of the daughters \_not coheirs] of Thomas Walmesley 
of Dunkenhalgh [who left male issue] by Elizabeth his wife, a sister [not one, how- 
ever, whose issue became representative] of Henry (Danvers), Earl of Danby above- 
named, whose mother, Elizabeth, was da. and coh. of John (Nevill), Lord Latimer. 

7 



50 DARCY 

DANGAN 

I.e. "Dangan, CO. Meath," Viscountcy {}Velkslej\ cr. 1857 with the 
Earldom of Cowley, which see. 

DANGAN CASTLE 

i.e. " Wellesley of Dangan Castle, co. Meath," Viscountcy [I.] 
{Wellesley), cr. 1760 with the Earldom of Mornington [I.], which see. 

DANTSEY [see also sub "Dauntsey"] 

i.e. "Danvers of Dantsey, Wilts," Barony (Danvers), cr. 21 July 
1603; see " Danby," Earldom of, cr. 1626; both dignities extinct 1644. 

DANVERS 

i.e. " Danvers of Dantsey, co. Wilts," Barony (Danvers), cr. 2 1 July 
1603; see "Danby," Earldom of, cr. 1626, both dignities extinct 1644. 



DARCYO 

Sir Norman d'Arcy, or Darcy,('') s. and h. ot Sir Philip d'Arcy, of 
Nocton, Coningsby, Dunston, Stallingborough, and Cawkwell, co. Lin- 
coln (who d. shortly before 28 May i264),('=) by Isabel (living 15 June 
I28i),("*) sister and coh. (or in her issue coh.) of Sir Roger Bertram, of 
Mitford, and 2nd da. of Sir Roger Bertram, of Mitford, Northumber- 
land.(°) He was aged 28 and more at his father's death. (■=) Being one 



(^) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C") The arms of Darcy of Nocton were, Argent, three sixfoils or cinquefoils 
(or roses) Gules. The seal of Norman Darcy, affixed to two deeds, of date 29 Oct. 
1334, bears 4 shields: (i) 3 sixfoils; (2) Crusilly, 3 sixfoils; (3) 3 sixfoils and a label; 
(4) On a bend between 6 martlets 3 [? roundlets]. (Harl. Charters, 49, C 49 and 50). 
Arcie is a hamlet in the parish of St. Aubin de Terregatte, in the Avranchin. 

(■=) Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. Ill, file 30, no. 12. This Philip had livery of his 
father's lands, 16 Oct. 1254 (they had been placed in his keeping, 6 Feb. 1253/4, his 
father being old and infirm), being s. and h. of Norman d'Arcy (by Agnes, his wife), 
s. and h. of Thomas (aged 18 in 1 186, d. 1206, leaving a widow, Joan), s. and h. of 
Thomas, who d. 2 July 1 180 (by Aline, his wife, who d. 1 183), s. and h. of Thomas, 
s. and h. of Robert (living 11 30), s. and h. of Norman d'Areci (living 1115), the 
Domesday lord of Nocton, Coningsby, Dunston, Stallingborough, Cawkwell, ^c, 
or, perhaps, his son. The barony was held of the King in chief by the service of 2 or 
2^ knights' fees. {Pipe Rolls, 31 Hen. I, p. I 12; 26 Hen. II, p. 58: Lindsey Survey, 
1 1 I5-r8,/)/«r;«: Rot. de Dom., pp. i, 2, 8: Fine Rolls, 7 Joh., mm. 7, 5; 3^ Hen. Ill, 
m. 2: Patent Roll, 37-38 Hen. HI, p. I, m. 10: Charter Roll, 29 Edw. I, m. 7: 
Monasticon, vol. vi, p. -^42). 

if) Quo IVaranto Rolls, p. 414. 

(«) See Bertram. 



DARCY 51 



of the insurgent barons, he was arrested at Hull, in 1264.0 The 
King took his homage and he had livery of his father's lands, i July 
I264.('') Pardoned, 30 June 1267, and admitted to the King's peace, 

I July-C") He was sum. for Military Service from 12 Dec. (1276) 
5 Edw. I to 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I, to a Military Council, 14 June 
(1287) 15 Edw. I, to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 

I I Edw. I, and to attend the King wherever he might bej^ 8 June (1294) 
22 Edw. 1, by writs directed Normanno de Arcy.{^) He was on the King's 
service in Wales in 1277, 1282, and 1287, and in Scotland in 1291.0 
A banneret, Feb. 1 283/4.O He w., istly, Julian. She d. before 1 5 June 
1281.O He w.,2ndly, before 20 Jan. 1292/3, Margery.Q Shehad;«., 
istly, Barnaby de Stiuecle, of Warden, Beds, and Great Stukeley, Hunts, 
who was aged 17 in 1254, and d. s.p., in 1257 or 1258; 2ndly, before 
25 Apr. 1260, William de Swineford, sometime Sheriff of Norfolk and 
Suffolk; and 3rdly, Ralph Rastel, who was living 23 Feb. 1 289/90. 
He d. shortly before 6 Jan. 1295/6.0 His widow's dower was ordered 
to be assigned, i Feb. 1295/6.0 She was living 19 Feb. 1302/3.0 



BARONY BY i. Sir Philip Darcy, of Nocton and Cawkwell, s. 

WRIT. and h., by ist wife. He was on the King's service in 

, Scotland in Aug. 1 291.0 He did homage and had 

"^' livery of his father's lands, 9 Feb. 1 295/6. Q On 

26 Mar. 1299, being then aged 40 and more, the King 

(*) On 4 June the Constable of Scarborough Castle was ordered to bring or send 
him to the King, who was then practically Simon de Montfort's prisoner at St. Paul's, 
whence the writ issued. {Patent Roll, 48 Hen. Ill, p. I, m. 12 d). 

(*>) Fine Roll, 48 Hen. Ill, m. 3: Patent Roll, 51 Hen. Ill, mm. 15, 13. 

(') It was accordingly ordered that he should not be sum. for Gascony 14 June 
following. 

C') As to the writs of 1283 and 1294, see Preface. 

(«) Scutage Roll, no. 9, w. 3: Patent Rolls, 5 Edw. I, >n. lO; 15 Edw. I, m. 9; 
19 Edw. I, m. 7: Exch., K.R., Accounts, 4, no. 8: Quo JVaranto Rolls, p. 422. 

{') Feet of Fines, case 93, file 16, nos. 63, 65. John de Bowcles there named 
was nephew and coh. of Barnaby de Stiuecle mentioned above. 

(e) Patent Rolls, 41 Hen. Ill, m. 3; 42 Hen. Ill, m. 7: Close Rolls, 6 Edw. I, 
m. 11; 18 Edw. l,m. 13: Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. Ill, file I 5, no. 7 : Feet of Fines, case 92, 
file 12, nos. 228, 230: c^fc. 

(!>) Writ oi diem cl. ext. 6 Jan. [Fine Roll, 24 Edw. I, m. 18). He had a br., 
Roger, who bought the manor of Sproatley in Holderness (this he sold to the King) 
from Simon de Veer, and lands in Oldcotes, Styrrup, and Blyth, Notts, from Ingram 
d'Ulcotes. This Roger d. before I2 May 1284. {Patent Roll, 51 Hen. Ill, m. ly. 
Close Roll, 3 Edw. I, mm. 17, 16: Coram Rege, Mich., 15-16 Edw. I, m. 24: Ch. 
Misc. Inq., file 46, no. 4). He was father of John Darcy le cosyn. See next article. 

(') Close Roll, 24 Edw. I, m. ID: Patent Roll, 31 Edw. I, m. 35 d. 

(J) Patent Roll, 19 Edw. I, m. 7: Fine Roll, 24 Edw. I, m. 16. 



52 DARCY 

took his homage and he had livery of the manor of Scottlethorpe, co. 
Lincoln, as h. to his uncle, Thomas Darcy.C) Constable of Durham Castle 
in I30i.('') He was sent to the Tower till further orders, i June 1306, 
having been convicted of divers trespasses. ("=) He was sum. for Military 
Service from 15 May (1297) 25 Edw. I to 5 Apr. (1327) i Edw. Ill, to 
attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, to Councils from 
May (1324) 17 Edw. II to 15 June (1328) 2 Edw. Ill, and to Parl.C^) from 
29 Dec. (1299) 28 Edw. I to II Dec. (1332) 6 Edw. Ill, by writs directed 
Philippo Darcy, whereby he is held to have become LORD DARCY.C) 
He joined the contrariants, and was with his son, Norman, at the battle of 
Boroughbridge, 16 Mar. 1321/2, where they were taken prisoners, that day 
or the next; he was then a banneret. He was released from prison at 
York, together with his son, 12 Apr. 1 322,(^3 and had pardon and livery 
of his lands, 16 Aug. i322.('') He d. shortly before 24 Nov. 1333.Q 



2. Sir Norman Darcy, of Nocton and Cawkwell, s. and h. He was 
at the battle of Boroughbridge, being taken prisoner, and released 12 Apr. 
1322, as mentioned above. His lands in Cawkwell were restored to him, 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 92, no. 5: Fine Roll, 27 Edw. I, m. 20. 

(*") Coram Rege, Trinity, 29 Edw. I, ot. 57 d. 

(■=) Close Roll, 34 Edw. I, m. II. In 1314/5 the Prior of Nocton lodged a 
complaint against him. (Petition on Pari. Rolls, vol. i, p. 314: Patent Roll, 8 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 29 d). 

{^) He was sum. to the Pari, held at Lincoln in 29 Edw. I, but did not take 
part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope. 

(*) As to the writ of 1296/7 see Preface, and as to how far these early writs of 
summons did in fact create any peerage dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

(*) Roll printed in Pari. IVr'tts, vol. ii, part ii, appendix, p. 200. He is, how- 
ever, there incorrectly included among those who were " treynez et penduz." 

(6) Their persons were granted to Philip's brothers, Robert and John, and to 
John Darcy le cosyn {Patent Roll, 15 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 18), all three of whom had 
been active on behalf of the King. These two younger brothers of Philip were: 
(l) Robert, of Great Sturton, co. Lincoln, who obtained the manors of Dunston and 
Stallingborough from his father, Norman, m. Joan, da. of Thomas fitz Eustace, of 
Caswick and Woolsthorpe, co. Lincoln, and d. in 1342/3, leaving a da. and h., 
Margaret, wife of John d'Argentine; see Argentine: (2) John, called le frcre, and 
Punch (in contradistinction to John Darcy, le ncveu, with whom, however, Dugdale 
has confused him), who was du Park' {i.e. Coningsby Park), and by his wife, Pernell, 
was father of John, father of John, both of Coningsby, the latter of whom was dead 
in 1359, leaving a widow, Alice. {Patent Rolls, 22 Edw. I, m. 28; 31 Edw. I, m. 28; 
6 Edw. Ill, p. I, !n. II; 33 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 13: Close Rolls, 23 Edw. I, m. 10; 
24 Edw. I, m. 8 : De Banco, Trinity, 25 Edw. I, no. 1 1 9, ot. 122: feet of Fines, case 135, 
file 77, no. 14; case 138, file loi, nos. 19, 38: Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 70, 
no. 3). 

(••) Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 119, no. 6173: Close Roll, 16 Edw. II, /;;. 26; c/. 
I Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 22, 21. 

(') Writ ui diem cl. ext. 24 Nov. {Fine Roll, 7 Edw. Ill, m. 3). 



DARCY 53 

31 Oct. 1322. (") He was sum. tor Military Service from 30 June (13 14) 
7 Edw. II to 6 Oct. (1337) 1 1 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Nonnanno Darcy. 
Knight ot" the Shire tor co. Lincoln, 1327, 1335/6, and 1336. He was 
with the King in Hainault in 1339, and was granted an annuity ot" ^,30, 
13 Sep. 1 339-0 He m. Isabel. He d. 31 "Mar. I340.('') The King 
took his widow's tealty and she had livery of the manor ot" Nocton, 
20 June 1341.C) She d. 16 Sep. I350.('') 

3. Philip Darcy, s. and h., aged 10 in 1341. His marriage was 
granted to John Darcy !e cosyn, 15 Oct. 1 340.0 He J. s.p., before 
16 Sep. 1350. 

His coheirs in 1350 were his tirst cousin and his aunt, (i) Sir Philip 
de Limbury, of Limbury, Beds, and Ickleton, co. Cambridge, aged 30 and 
more, s. and h. of Sir John de Limbury, of Limbury (living 1336), by 
Julian (who d. between 1346 and i35o),(') ist sister of Norman Darcy next 
abovenamed. The King took his homage and he had livery of his 
purparty of the inheritance, 20 Feb. i35o/i.(^) He m. Joan (who 
d. 21 Feb. i387/8),(^) and d. 6 July 1367, at Constantinople. (') 

(^) Cloie Roll, 16 Edw. II, m. 23: Patent Roll, 12-14 Edw. Ill, >n. 14. 

{'') "Normannus Darcy." Writ of (//Vm cl. ext. 8 May 15 Edw. in England 
and 2 in France. Inq. co. Lincoln, 16 June 1 34 1. " Philippus Darcy est [j;V] 
filius et heres predict! Normanni est heres ejus propinquior et etatis x annoruin." 
Similar writ, 16 Dec. [i/V] 24 and 11 Edw. Inq., same co., Saturday after St. 
Andrew [4 Dec] 1350. "Item dicunt quod predictus Normannus obiit die veneris 
proximo post festum Annunciacionis beate Marie anno xiiij Regis nunc Et dicunt 
quod predicta Isabella obiit die Jovis proximo post festum exaltacionis sancte Crucis 
anno xxiiij Regis nunc sine heredibus de corporibus ipsorum Normanni et Isabelle 
exeuntibus Et dicunt quod Philippus de Lynbury miles filius et heres Juiiane Darcy 
unius sororum et heredum dicti Normanni et Agnes Darcy quam Rogerus de 
Pedewardyn miles duxit in uxorem alterra sororum et heredum dicti Normanni sunt 
propinquiores et heredes dicti Normanni Et dicunt quod predictus Philippus de 
Lynbury est etatis xxx** annorum et amplius et predicta Agnes est etatis quinquaginta 
annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 64, no. 21, file iio, no. 7: Excli. Inq. 
p. m., I, file 1 1, no. 27). 

(■=) CIcse Roll, 15 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 33. Philip Darcy, by lie. dat. 21 Feb. 
1329/30, had conveyed this manor to himself for life, rem. to Norman Darcy and 
Isabel his wife and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to his own right heirs. (Patent 
Roll, A, Edw. III,/.. I, ;;;. 40). 

(d) Writ oidiem cl. ext. 6 Oct. {Fine Roll, 24 Edw. Ill, m. 16). 

{') Patent Roll, 14 Edw. III,/.. 3, m. 31. 

(') She is said to have m., istly, Philip de Neville, of Scotton, co. Lincoln, by 
whom she had no issue male. In 1302/3, Philip held \ fee in Ickleton, co. Cam- 
bridge; in 1 316 and 1335, John de Limbury held it; and in 1346, Julian de Limbury 
held it {Feudal Aids, vol. i, pp. 144, 155, 161: Close Roll, 9 Edw. Ill, m. 33). 
John de Limbury was Sheriff of cos. Cambridge and Hunts, 1 335 to 12 May 1336. 

(8) Fine Roll, 25 Edw. Ill, m. 25. 

C") Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 49, no. 17. She was then the wife of John de 
Clinton chivaler. See Clinton. 

(') "Philippus de Lymbury cliivaier." Wrhsot diem cl. ext. 15 Sep. 41 Edw. III. 



1332- 



54 DARCY 

(2) AgneSjC) aged 50, 2nd sister of Norman Darcyafsd., and wife of Sir Roger 
de Pedewardin, of Burton Pedwardine, co. Lincoln. The King took Roger's 
homage, and they had livery of her purparty of the inheritance, 20 Feb. 
i^SO/i-C) She ^. before 13 Sep. 1359.C) He ^. 10 Feb. 1368/9, at 
Burton Pedwardine.('^) Among the representatives of Julian and Agnes 
any hereditary Barony, that may be supposed to have been created by the 
writ of 1299, is in abeyance. 

DARCYO 
BARONY BY i. Sir John Darcy,(') styled le neveu and le cosytt, 
WRIT. and (long afterwards) le piere, of Knaith, Kexby, and 

Upton, CO. Lincoln,(e) s. and h. of Sir Roger Darcy, of 
Oldcotes and Styrrup, Notts (who d. before 12 May 1284), 
by Isabel, da. of Sir William d'Aton, of West Ayton, 

Inq., COS. Lincoln, Beds, Cambridge, Saturday after St. Michael, Thursday the Feast 
of, and the Saturday after, SS. Simon and Jude [2, 28, 30 Oct.], 1367. "Et dicunt 
quod idem Philippus obiit apud Constantyn Noble in partibus transmarinis sexto die 
mensis Julii anno regni Regis nunc quadragesimo primo et Philippus filius ejusdem 
Philippi est propinquior heres ejusdem Philippi defuncti et est etatis septem [decem — 
COS. Beds, Cambridge'] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 194, 
no. 40). The younger Philip d. s.p., v.m. His sister and h., Elizabeth, w., istly. 
Sir Thomas Trivet, of Otterhampton, Chilton, is'c, Somerset {d. 6 Oct. 1388), and 
2ndly, Sir Thomas Swinbourne, Sire de Hammes, Mayor of Bordeaux, and Captain 
of Fronsac (who d. the vigil of St. Lawrence [9 Aug.] 1412, and was bur. in the 
Priory of Little Horkesley, Essex; Brass: will dat. 9 Aug. 1412, pr. 26 Aug. 1412). 
She d. s.p.s., 30 Nov. or 2 Dec. 1433, and w^as bur. in Canterbury Cath. Church: 
will dat. 28 July 142 1, pr. 17 Dec. 1433. {^dem, Ric. II, file 57, no. 52; Hen. VI, 
file 64, no. 35: Lambeth Reg., Arundel ii, f. 157 r and v, Chichele i, f. 442 r and v: 
Rubbing, in Addit. MSS., no. 32490 L, 21). The representation of Julian de Limbury 
then passed to the descendants of her da., Alianore, who m. Nicholas Bernak; for 
them see Banks, Bar. Angl., vol. i, p. 178, Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. viii, p. 161, ^c. 

(^) She may have married, istly, Robert de Friskeneye. For by a fine, levied in 
the octaves of St. Michael 6 Edw. II, Philip d'Arcy enfeoffed Robert and Agnes his 
wife of the manor of Friskney, ^c, co. Lincoln, to them for life and to the heirs of 
their bodies: rem. to the right heirsof Agnes. {Feet of Fines, case 135, file 80, no. 6). 

O Fine Roll, 25 Edw. Ill, m. 2$". 

H Patent Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 7. 

C) "Rogerus de Pedewardyn chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 10 Feb. [sic] 
43 Edw. III. Inq., cos. Lincoln, Hants, Saturday 3 Mar., and 5 Mar. 1368/9. 
"Et dicunt quod predictus Rogerus obiit in manerio de Burton' Pedewardyn decimo 
die Februarii anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestum quadragesimo tercio 
Et quod Walterus de Pedewardyn est filius et heres ejusdem Rogeri propinquior et est 
etatis quadraginta et octo [triginta — co. Hants] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Ing.p. m., 
Edw. Ill, file 212, no. 13). This Walter m. Isabel {d. 19 July 1404), da. of Sir 
Robert Hilton, and d. 11 June 1405, leaving male issue. {Idem, Hen. IV, file 48, 
no. 22). See Thweng. 

{') This article down to the asterisks on p. 67, and the tabular pedigree, ^c, on 
p. 68, is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(') His arms were. Azure, crusilly and three cinquefoils, or roses. Argent. Cf. 
seals, Harl. Charters, 49, D2 and 3, and Addit. Charter, no. 19838. 

(«) By three fines, levied, one in the octaves of St. Hilary i8 Edw. II, the 



DARCY 55 

CO. YorkjC) which Roger was a yr. br. of Sir Norman Darcy of Nocton.('') 
He was under age, 1 5 June I292.('=) Was outlawed for felony in or before 
1306, and lost his lands in Oldcotes, isfc^^) Pardoned, 19 May 1307, 
at the instance of Aymer de ValencCjC^) in whose retinue he was in 13 13, 
1320, and 132 I, and again in the expedition to Scotland in I322.('') He 
was appointed Constable of Norham Castle, 20 Jan. i3i6/7.('') Sheriff of 
cos. Notts and Derby, 1319-22. Knight of the Shire for co. Notts, 1320. 
Sheriff of CO. Lancaster, Feb. 1322/3 to July 1323, and was on the King's 
service against the Scots, (°) 24 Feb. 1322/3 to 4 Apr. 1323.0 A 
banneret, 12 Aug. 1323. Justiciar of Ireland, 18 Nov. 1323 to 12 Mar. 
1326/7. («) Sheriff of CO. York, 1327-28. Justiciar of Ireland, 21 Aug. 

others on the morrow of the Ascension 2 Edw. Ill, "Johannes filius Rogeri de Arcy 
chivaler" bought a messuage, ^c, in Kexby and ^ of the manor, and a messuage, 
Ufc, in Upton by Stow St. Mary, co. Lincoln, for ,^40. By a fine, levied on the 
morrow of St. Martin 5 Edw. Ill, "Johannes Darcy le cosyn " bought a messuage, 
&c., in Kexby and Upton, for 100 marks. {Feet of Fines, case 137, file 94, no. 21, 
file 97, nos. 24, 25; case 138, file 100, no. 22). 

(*) Letters of receipt dated xv kal. Julii 14 Edw. II, by the proxy "domini 
Johannis filii domini Rogeri Darcy militis," in execution of the will of the Lady Isabel, 
mother of the said John. (Addit. Charter, no. 16775). In 17 Edw. II (writ 
26 Oct. 1323) John son of Roger Darcy claimed 3 messuages, ^c, in Swyndene, co. 
York, "que GillDertus de Aton' dedit Isabelle de Aton' et heredibus de corpore ipsius 
Isabelle exeuntibus et que post mortem predicte Isabelle prefato Johanni filio Rogeri 
fir et her' ejusdem Isabelle descendere debent per formam donacionis predicte." 
{De Banco, Easter, 17 Edw. II, m. 141 d; Trinity, 18 Edw. II, m. 196 d). Gilbert 
was br. of Isabel, and s. and h. of William d'Aton; he d. s.p. before 1285. 

C") See preceding article, p. 51, note "h." John Darcy le neveu or /e cosyn was 
thus first cousin of Philip Darcy of Nocton [Lord Darcy] and of John Darcy i'unc/e. 
The word avunculus is used for a first cousin through the father in Chron. Mon. 
S. Alhani (edit. Riley), no. 2, p. 448. 

(') At which date, claiming his lands in Oldcotes, i5fc., he appeared in court by 
his guardian. {Coram Rege, Trinity, 20 Edw. I, no. 132, m. 21, no. 133, m. 15). 

(d) Close Roll, I Edw. II, >n. 18: Patent Rolls, 35 Edw. I, ;;:. 9; 6 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 9; 14 Edw. II, p. I, m. g, p. 2, m. 7; 16 Edw. II, p. I, m. 29. By deed 
dated 10 Apr. 3 Edw. II, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, agreed to enfeoff 
John Darcy of 20 marks in land or rent to him and the heirs of his body, in return 
for which the said John was to take up knighthood within the quinzaine of Easter 
next and during his life serve the Earl in peace and war at home or abroad, and in 
going to the Holy Land when the time should arrive. {Ancient Deeds, A, no. 6404; 
cf. no. 11547)- 

(') Patent Rolls, 10 Edw. II, />. 2, w. 29; 16 Edw. II, p. I, w. I. 

(') For the safe keeping of the said county and the parts adjacent, with 40 men- 
at-arms, of whom 6 were knights, himself included, and 20 hobelers, taking for each 
knight 2s., for each other man-at-arms 1 2d., and for each hobeler bd., a day. Total, 
39 days, j^i09 45. (Waltham, Accounts — as on p. 46 of this volume — f. 56 v). 

(«) Patent Rolls, 17 Edw. II, p. i,m. ii; I Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 22. His salary 
was ^^500 a year, paid quarterly. He was granted, 12 Aug. 1323, for life, the manors 
of Edgefield and Walcot, Norfolk, which the King made a banner fee {disposuit ad 
vexillum), to support his dignity as Justiciar. These were resumed, and he was granted 



56 DARCY 

1328 to 27 Feb. i330/i.('') With Guillaume de Seintz (or Sans), 
Seigneur de Pommiers, he was commissioned to treat with the nobles of 
Aquitaine, 27 Apr. I330.('') Appointed a special envoy to the King of 
France concerning the marriage of Prince Edward, 15 July I33i.('') He 
was sum. for Military Service, 20 Sep. (1322) 16 Edw. II and 2 Oct. 
(1322) 16 Edw. II, by writs directed Johanni Darcy le neveu, to a Council, 
25 Feb. (1341/2) 16 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 27 Jan. (133 1/2) 
6 Edw. Ill to 2 Jan. (1333/4) 7 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Johanni Darcy 
le cosyn, whereby he is held to have become LORD DARCY. ("=) Justiciar 
of Ireland, 30 Sep. 1332 to 28 July I337.('*) Thence he took an army 
to Scotland in 1335 (after 15 Aug.), and wasted Arran and Bute.(') 
Steward of the King's Household from Mar. 1336/7 to Dec. I340.(') 
Appointed to treat with the King of France, the Emperor, the Count of 

the manor of Wark in Tynedale, for life, 24 Nov. 1328, and in fee, 4 Mar. 1328/9. 
This he sold to the Queen. {Idem, I 7 Edw. II, />. I, m. 18; 2 Edw. HI,/". 2, w. 13: 
Charter Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, m.\i: Close Rolls, 5 Edw. Ill, />. I, w. 9; 11 Edw. Ill, /.. I, 
m. 22: Close Rolls [I.], 20 Edw. II, no. 9; 8 Edw. Ill, nos. 6, 43). 

(*) Reappointed, 19 Feb. 1328/9. [Patent Rolls, 2 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 24; 
3 Edw. Ill, /). i,m.2S; sEdw. III,/>. i,m.26). Having engaged to stay always with 
the King, with 20 men-at-arms in time of war, he was granted for life, 6 Apr. 1330, 
the manors of Brocklesby and Greetham, co. Lincoln, is'c. These were resumed, and he 
was granted, 25 Mar. 1332, the manor of Marston Meysey, Wilts, Wick [parcel of the 
manor of Down Ampney], co. Gloucester, &c., for life, the term for Marston being 
extended, 20 Feb. 1337/8, for the life of his eldest son. [Idem, 4 Edw. Ill, p. I, 
m. II; 6 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 10, />. 3, m. 13; 12 Edw. Ill, />. I, w. 31). 

(b) Gascon Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, m. 10: Patent Roll, 5 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 28. 

{^) The writ of 134 1/2 was directed Johanni Darcy. There is no " proof of 
sitting." The Pari. Rolls show indeed that he was one of the King's Council, and 
in this capacity present in Pari, in 1 1 Edw. Ill, and that he was again one of the 
King's Council in 18 Edw. Ill, but on neither of these occasions had he been sum. 
to Pari, by writ. Nevertheless, it has been decided by the House of Lords that the 
latter date (the former seems to have evaded them) was the one on which the barony 
of Darcy became materialized. As J. H. Round remarks {Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, 
p. 279), this decision of their Lordships' House can be readily amended by following 
a well-known precedent, and inserting a not in the affirmation clause. 

f^) Patent Rolls, 6 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 4; 11 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 17. For his good 
services there and elsewhere, he was granted the manors of Rathwer and Kildalk, in 
Ireland, to him and his wife Joan and the heirs male of their bodies, 6 Apr. 1335: also 
the reversion of the manors of Temple Newsam and Temple Hurst, co. York, and 
Torksey, co. Lincoln, to him and the heirs male of his body, I Sep. 1337. {Patent Roll, 
9 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 25: Charter Roll, II Edw. Ill, m. 9). 

(*) J. Clyn, Annales, p. 26. The writs to the magnates of Ireland were issued 
8 May. {Scottish Roll, 9 Edw. Ill, ;;;. 36 d; cf. Close Roll [I.], pluries). In the Annals 
of Ireland, p. 379, and by T. Dowling, Annales, p. 22, the event is wrongly datfd 
1333. Dowling remarks that the Justiciar slew "700 Scotos vocatos red shankes." 

(') Charter Rolls, 11-14 Edw. III. He had a grant, I Mar. 1339/4O, of the 
manors of Louth and Garristown, iiJ'c, in Ireland, late of the Count of Eu, in fee, 
and the reversion of the manors of Eckington, co. Derby, and Kirkby in Ashfield, 
Notts, for life. {Patent Roll, 14 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 18). 



I 



DARCY 57 

Flanders, isfc, 3 Oct. ,(') and with the King of Scots, 7 Oct. I337.(") A proxv 
to sign the treaty with the Flemings, 10 June I338.(') Appointed Justiciar of 
Ireland for life, 3 Mar. 1339/40; as the King could not dispense with his 
continual attendance, a deputy was appointed, 16 Mar. 1340/1: he resigned 
the office, 10 Feb. i343/4.('') Chamberlain to the King from 1341 to Sep. 
1346 or later.('=) He accompanied the Earl of Northampton in his expedi- 



(») ^/mahi Ro//>, II Edw. Ill, m. 2; 12 Edw. III,/.. 1, m. 11: Scottish Roll, 
1 1 Edw. Ill, ;/,. 6. 

{^) Patnit Rolls, 14 Edw. Ill, /). 1, m. 32; 15 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 35; 
18 Edw. Ill, p. I, rri. 43. He had a erant of / 183 6;. 8^. in fee as a recompense. 
[IJ.^r,, m. 36). 

(■=) Stephen ot Birchington relates that, in 1 34 1, after certain charges had been 
brought against the Archbishop of Canterbury, the latter took his seat in Pari. (sum. 
for 23 Apr.) from 24 to 27 Apr., in spite of some objections made on the King's 
behalf. The next day, on presenting himself, he was informed by two serjeants-at-arms 
that he could not be admitted. He remonstrated. " Et modico facto intervallo 
accesserunt ad Archiepiscopum Johannes Darsy senior [camerarius Regis], Egidius de 
Bello Campo, Johannes Darsy junior, et Thomas Medham, milites. Et voce furibunda 
Johannes Darsy senior dictum Archiepiscopum sic allcquitur: 'En quid facis hie r' 
Cui Archiepiscopus respondit: ' Ego ex brevi Regis ad hoc Parliamentum vocatus, pro 
jure Ecclesie mee vindicande hie sto et stabo ad ingrediendum Parliamentum.' Cui 
Johannes Darsy malefico vultii dixit: ' Utinam ibi stes perpetuo et nunquam recedas.' 
Ad hec Archiepiscopus maliciam eorum considerans dixit: 'Hie est corpus paratum, 
de quo facere poteris quod volueris. Animam meam spero reddere Creatori.' Cui 
tyrannus: 'Non sic, non sic; non tu ita dignus nee nos ita fatui.' " Birchington goes 
on to say that the Archbishop was in the end successful. [Anglia Sacra, p. 39). But 
he may have misrepresented the facts in the Archbishop's fa\'our. For the French 
Chron. of London (Cotton MSS., Cleop., A6, f. 104) gives a different account. 
" Lors vindrent touz les grauntz Dengeltere a le parlement le Rov. Mes lercheuesqe 
de Caunterbury ne son frere . . . estoient hors clos du parlement par vne semcigne 
entier, par abettement sire William de Killesby . . . Puisse apres, en le seeounde 
semeigne, le counte de Garrenne uint au parlement deuant le Roy, si troua la sire 
Robert P'uinke [Treasurer], le baroun de Stafford' [Steward of the Household, 
but he had his writ], sire William Killesby [the King's clerk, Keeper of 
the Privy Seal], et sire johan Darcy, et autres nient couenables de seer en 
parlement, si comenza sa resoun et dit: 'Sire Roy, coment ua ceo parlement? Jadis 
ne soleit niye ensy estre. II est tut besturnee en autre manere. Car ceux qe deiuent 
estre principals sount forsclos, et autres gentz de mester seent icy en parlement qe ne 
deiuent estre a tiel counseil, mes soulement les peres de la tere qe uous, sire Roy, 
puissent eyder et meintener a uostre graunt bosoigne. Et, siie Roy, de ceo deuez 
penser.' Et meintenaunt coyement sire Johan Darcv se leua et sen ala hors, et puisse 
apres sire William de Killesby et touz les autres susnomez saunz nul mot parler. 
Lors se leua le counte Daroundel [to whom no writ is enrolled] et dit au Roy: 
' Sire, lessez lercheuesqe entrer deuant vous,' c/c." Time, however, brings his revenges. 
And in 1903 the House of Lords determined that the presence in Pari, of John Darcy 
the Chamberlain, on another occasion (1344), but in the same capacity [vrz., as one ot 
the King's Council), thereby proved that he sat in Pari, in right of the Barony 0/ Darcy, 
that is, on an equality with those " peres de la tere," who, in his lifetime, had 
disowned him. 



58 



DARCY 



tion to Brittany in Aug. 1 342.0 Appointed Constable of Nottingham 
Castle, 2 Mar. i343/4,('') and of the Tower of London, 12 Mar. 1345/6, 
both for life-C") He was at the battle of Crecy,^ and was one of those 
sent from before Calais, 8 Sep. 1346, to announce the victory in Parl-C") 
He m., istly, Emmeline, da. and h. of Walter Heron, of Silkstone, co. 
York (s. and h. ap. of Sir William Heron, of Hadstone, Northumberland, 
and Notton, co. York), by Alice, da. of Sir Nicholas de Hastinges, or 
Allerston, co. York, and Gissing, Norfolk.^ She was aged 7J years 
in May 1297.0 He m., 2ndly, 3 July 1329, at Maynooth, co. Kil- 
dare,Q Joan, widow of Thomas (fitzJohn), Earl of Kildare (who d. 
5 Apr. 1328, at Maynooth, Q being then Justiciar), and 4th da. of Richard 
(de Burgh), Earl of Ulster, by Margaret, his wife. He J. 30 May 1 347,(*) 
on which day he had received a pardon for all homicides, felonies, robberies, 
&'c., for all oppressions by colour of any office he had held, for all trespasses 
of vert and venison, and of any consequent outlawries, and for all arrears 
and debts. (^) His widow ^.23 Apr. 1359, and was i/ur., with her ist 
husband, in the Church of the Friars Minors at Kildare.(') 

II. 1347. 2. John (Darcy), Lord Darcy, called k fiz, and 

afterwards de Knayth\ s. and h. He had a grant, i Aug. 

(*) Knighton, vol. ii, p. 25. 

(b) Patent Rolls, 18 Edw. Ill, ;^. 1,^.33; 20 Edw. Ill, /. i,m. 26, p. 4., m.zi: 
Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 157. 

(•=) With 1 1 knights, 48 esquires, and 80 archers. [Accounts of Walter de Wete- 
wang. Treasurer of the King's IVardrobe, in Wrottesley, Crecy and Calais, p. 195). 

C) Walter Heron was s. of WiUiam by his ist wife, Christian {m. in or before 
1270 — Fine Roll, 54 Hen. Ill, m. 1 1), da. and h. of Sir Roger de Notton. [5outh York- 
shire, vol. ii, p. 391, from Dodsworth). Alice was married to Walter at Allerston, 
27 Oct. 1284: her mother was named Emmeline. {Coram Rege, Mich., 25-26 Edw. I, 
m. 36 d). Genealogists have confused the two Emmelines. On 2 Mar. 1347/8 John 
Darcy of Knaith released to William Heroun kt. and Isabel his wife, and to Margery 
late the wife of Roger Heroun kt., all his right and claim in the manor of Ford, 
Northumberland. (Deed enrolled, De Banco, Hilary, 22 Edw. Ill, m. 430 d; cf 
Mich., 20 Edw. Ill, m. 330 d). 

(■=) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on William and Walter Heron), Edw. I, file 78, nos. 18, 19. 

(') Annals of Ireland, pp. 371, 366: J. Clyn, Annales, p. 19. 

(«) "Johannes Darcy le piere." Writs of diem cl. ext. dated at Reading 30 May 
21 Edw. in England and 8 in France. Inq., cos. Lincoln, Notts, Northants, Herts, 
York, Wednesday and Sunday before St. Barnab.as [6, 1 o June], 1 1, 21 June, Thursday 
after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [12 July] 1347, and co. Derby, date 
destroyed. "Item dicunt quod Johannes Darcy miles filius predictorum Johannis 
Darcy et Emeline est heres ipsorum propinquior et est etatis xxx [xxiiij" — co. Herts: 
xxix — CO. Lincoln'] annorum et amplius Item dicunt quod predictus Johannes Darcy 
le piere obiit xxx [xxiij — co. Herts: ultimo — co. Northants'\ die Maii proximo preterito." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 85, no. 3: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 10, no. 3). 

C*) Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 319, no. 18370, and Patent Roll, 21 Edw. Ill, p. 4, 
m. 15 (both dated by Calais, 30 May): Idem, p. 2, m. 13 (dated at Abingdon, 30 May). 

(') Annals of Ireland, p. 393. But in the Mortilogium Eccl. Cath. S. Trinitatis 
Dublin, (p. 57) it is stated that both the Earl and his wife were bur. in that Church. 



DARCY 59 

1 34 1, of ;^40 a year to him and his heirs, for his long and gratuitous 
services. (') Appointed Keeper of the manor of Burstwick, co. York, with 
its members in cos. York and Lincoln, and Escheator in Holderness, for 
life, I Oct. I344.('') These offices were regranted to him, i6 Mar. 
1345/6, but the King could not dispense with his constant attendance, and 
appointed a deputy, 20 Mar. 1 345/6. C") One of the King's Council. 
He was granted an annuity of ;{^200 for life, to maintain himself as a banneret, 
15 July 1346, at La Hogue.(') Was at the battle of Crecy, and at the 
siege of Calais, being in the King's retinue. ('') He was aged 30 and more 
at his father's death, and did homage and had livery of his inheritance, 
5 June 1347.0 Appointed Constable of the Tower of London for life, 
7 June 1347,0 but was permitted to grant the office away, 15 Mar. 
1351/2.O Appointed a commissioner to treat with the Cardinals con- 
cerning peace with France, 25 Sep. 1 347. ^^ '^•'■^ sum. to a Great Council 
15 July (1353) 27 Edw. Ill, and to Pari, from 20 Nov. (1348) 22 Edw. Ill 
to 15 Mar. (1353/4) 28 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Johanni Darcy de 
Knayth\(^) He ;«., istly, before 8 July 1332,0 Alianore, da. of Sir 
Robert DE HoLAND, of West Derby, co. Lancaster, Yoxall, co. Stafford, 
tJ'c. [Lord Holand], by Maud, 2nd da. and coh. of Sir Alan la Zouche, 
of Ashby, co. Leicester [Lord Zouche]. She rf'. j./.w;., before 21 Nov. 



(*) Patent Roll, 15 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 12. Dugdale's statement that the annuity 
was still paid in his time is true only of the Conyers moiety. See p. 68. 

C') Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 299, no. 1 6400, file 300, no. 16402: Fine Roll, 
18 Edw. Ill, m. 15: Patent Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. i, mm. 24, 21. The regrant 
released him from rendering any further accounts. 

(') Patent Rolls, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. ij, p. 4, m. 21. 

{^) French Rolls, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 1, mm. 14, lO; 21 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 5, p. 2, 
m. 18. With 8 knights, 20 esquires, and 24 archers. (Wetewang, /^icaa;;/;, p. 195). 

(') Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 319, no. 1 8394: Fine Roll, 21 Edv/. Ill, m. 20: 
Patent Rolls, 21 Edw. Ill, p. 4, mm. 17, 4; 26 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 17. His salary as 
Constable was ;^iOO a year. 

The designation de Knaytli' (never given to anyone else), and the appellations 
by which his father was known, were necessary to distinguish them from the contem- 
porary John Darcys of Park. See p. 52, note " g." 

(*) By a fine, levied in the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist 6 Edw. Ill, John 
Darcy le cosyn chr. conveyed the manor of Knaith, 12 messuages, ^"c, in Kexby, 
Upton, and Sturton by Stow St. Mary, co. Lincoln, and 6 messuages, da'c, in 
VValkeringham and Beckingham in the clay, co. Notts, to himself for life: rem. to 
John his s. and Alianore wife of the same John s. of John, and the heirs male of their 
bodies: rem. to Aymer br. of John s. of John, rem. to Roger br. of Aymcr, rem. to 
William br. of Roger, in successive tail male: rem. to his own right heirs. (Feet of Fines, 
case 286, file 37, no. 127). Long afterwards, the said Roger petitioned the King's 
Council for the premises, co. Lincoln, by virtue of this fine, since "les qeux Johan 
Darcy le pier et Johan Darcy le fitz Elianore sa femme et Eymer sont morez sanz 
heir male de lour corps . . . et pur ceo qe le dit Johan le fitz morustseisi de ditz ten'z 
et auoit issu de autre ventre apres 1^ mort le dit Johan le fitz le Roi fist seisi les ditz 
ten'z." {Ancient Petitions, file 42, no. 2056). 



6o DARCY 

1341. He m., 2ndly (disp. from the Bishop of Lincoln, 7 Jan. i344/5),(') 
Elizabeth, da. and h.C") of Sir Nicholas de Menille, of Whorlton in 
Cleveland [Lord Menille], by Alice, da. of Sir William de Ros, of 
Helmsley, co. York [Lord Ros]. The King took his fealty, and they had 
livery of her lands, 10 Oct. 1348. (') On 22 Apr. 1353 he received a 
pardon for all homicides, felonies, robberies, &'c., for all oppressions by 
colour of any office he had held, for all trespasses of vert and venison, and 
of any consequent outlawries, and for all arrears and debts. ('^) He 
^. 5 Mar. 1355/6, at Notton, co. York,('^) and was l?ur. in Guisborough 
Priory. His widow, the King having taken her homage and fealty, had 
livery of Whorlton, is'c, i May,(') and her dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 4 July 1356.^) She ;«., before 18 Nov. I356(^) (pardon for 
marrying without lie, 30 Oct. I357),0 as ist wife. Sir Piers de Mauley, 
/e sisme, of Mulgrave, co. York [Lord Mauley]. Her dower was again 
ordered to be assigned, [L] 30 (Dct. 1357 and [E.] 20 June 1358.0 She, 
who was /». 15 Oct. 1 33 1, at Whorlton, and /?ap. there,(^) J. 9 July 1368, 

(') Papal mandate to the Bishop of Lincoln, dated iv non. Oct. 3 Clement VI 
[4 Oct. 1344], correcting a former mandate, dated x kal. Aug. i Clement VI 
[23 July 1342] on a petition by John Darcy, baron, and Chamberlain to the King, on 
behalf of his son, Sir John Darcy, and Elizabeth da. of the late Sir Nicholas de Menille, 
to issue a dispensation that they might intermarry, although the said Elizabeth, and 
Alianore, Inte the wife of the said John Darcy the son, and da. of the late Robert de 
Holand, were related in both the 3rd and 4th degrees. {Papal Petitiom^ vol. i, 
pp. I, 78: Papal Letters^ vol. iii, pp. 87, 165). Letters patent from the Bishop, 
granting the dispensation, dated at Liddington, vii id. Jan. 1344. (Lincoln Reg., vol. vii, 
ff. 65 v-66). The marriage of Elizabeth had been granted to John Darcy le fitz, 
21 Nov. 1 34 1. {Patent Roll, 15 Edw. Ill, p. 3, m. 4). 

(•>) She was also heir to any Barony of Menille that may be held to have 
existed. 

(■=) Close Roll, 22 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 18: Patent Roll, 27 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 4, 
p. 2, m. 3. 

{^) "Joliannes Darcy de Knayth'." Writs of diem cl. ext. 12 Mar. 30 Edw. in 
England and 17 in France. Inq., cos. Derby, Lincoln, York, Saturday after St. 
Edward [19 Mar.] 1355/6, and Thursday and Saturday before Palm Sunday 
[14, 16 Apr.] 1356. " Et quod idem Johannes obiit apud Notton' die sabati 
proximo post festum sancti Cedde [obiit v'° die M.ircii — cos. Lincoln, Fori] ultimo 
preterite Et quod Johannes filius ejus propinquior heres ejus est et quod fuit etatis 
quinque annorum ad festum nat' sancti Johannis Baptiste ultimo preterite [et 
etatis quinque annorum et amplius — co. yori]." Inq., Northumberland, 27 Apr. 
1356, damaged [an abstract — with date of death 5 Mar., h. aged 5| — is in Lans- 
downe MSS., no. 207 a, f. 65 v]. (Ch. Ing. p. ?n., Edw. Ill, file 133, no. 31). 

(') Close Roll, 30 Edw. Ill, mm. 17, 15: Patent Rolls, 30 Edw. Ill, A 3, 
m. i5d; 31 Edw. Ill, p. 3, ";. II. 

(') Close Rolls, 31 Edw. Ill, m. 6; 32 Edw. Ill, m. 19. She presumably ;». 
Piers before her dower had been assigned in pursuance of the order of 4 July 1356. 

(*) Writ de etate probanda 9 Feb. 22 Edw. in England and 9 in France. 
" Probacio etatis Elizabethe filie et heredis Nichoiai de Menill' defuncti . . . quam 
Johannes Darcy dc Knayth' duxit in uxorem," York, Tuesday in tlie ist week ot 
Lent [11 Mar.] 1347/8. ". . . cadem Eiizabetha nata fuit apud Wherleton' in 



DARCY 6i 

aged 2^-i') ^^ '^- "^' °'' -° Mar. 138 2/3. C") Will, directing his burial 
to be in the Church of the Friars Minors at Doncaster, dat. at his manor 
of Burgh near Watton, co. York, 8 Mar. 1381 [138 1/2], no probate {York 
Reg., Neville i, f. 116 v). 

3. John Darcv, s. and h., by 2nd wife, ^. 24 June 1350. He d'. 
6 or 26 Aug. 1362, aged I2.('=) 

III. 1362. 4. Philip (Darcy), Lord Darcy, next br. and h., ^. 

21 May 1352, in the House of the Friars Preachers at 
York, and hap. in the Church of St. Nicholas. ('^) The King took his 
homage and fealty, and he had livery of his inheritance, [E.] 24 Jan. and 
[I.] 31 Jan. i373/4.(^) He served under the Duke of Lancaster in his 

comitatu Ebor' quintodecimo die Octobris anno regni domini Regis nunc quinto et 
in ecclesia sancte Crucis ejusdem ville baptizata et . . . eadem Elizabetha fuit etatis 
sexdecim annorum xv° die Octobris proximo preterito." (Ch. Inq. p. w., Edw. Ill, 
file 93, no. 4). 

(') "Elizabetha que fuit uxor Petri de Malo Lacu le Sisme." Writ of diem il. 
ext. 28 July 42 Edw. III. Inq., cos. York, Northumberland, 16 Oct. and 
Thursday before St. Andrew [23 Nov.] 1368. "Item quod prefata Elizabetha 
obiit i.\° die Julii anno xlij'^° Regis nunc Et dicunt quod Philippus filius predicte 
Elizabethe est heres ejus propinquior et est etatis xv annorum et amplius." (Ch. 
Inq. p. !?i., Edw. Ill, file 201, no. 44). 

(•>) Ch. hiq. p. m., Ric. II, file 27, no. 55. See Maulev. 

{') "Johannes filius et heres Johannis Darcy de Knayth' defuncti." Writs of 
devenerunt 16 Oct. 4" Edw. in England and 34 in France. Inq., co. Derby, 
Wednesday before St. Martin [9 Nov.] 1373. " Et dicunt quod prcdictus Johannes 
obiit vj die mcnsis Augusti anno xxxvj'° Et dicunt quod Philippus Darcy miles frater 
ejusdem Johannis est propinquior heres dicti Johannis et fuit etatis xx et j anni sexto 
die mensis Maii ultimo preterito." Inq., Herts, Northumberland, 20 Oct. and 
Thursday 16 [hV] No\ . 1373. ". - . obiit xxvj die mensis Augusti anno xxxvj'°." 
Inq., CO. York, Friday the Feast of St. IVIartin [i I Nov.] 1373. ". . ■ obiit in mense 
Augusti anno xxxvj'"." Heir, as before, aged 21 and more, or 21^. Inq., co. 
Lincoln, Wednesday the Commemoration of All Souls [2 No\ .] 1373, damaged. 
(Ch. Inq. p. TO., Edw. Ill, file 233, no. 1 1). 

(<>) Writ fie etate probanda 12 Dec. 47 Edw. in England and 34 in France. 
" Probacio etatis Philippi fratris et heredis Johannis filii et heredis Johannis Darcy de 
Knayth' et filii et heredis Elizabethe que fuit uxor Petri de Mauley quondam uxoris 
prefati Johannis Darcy patris defunctorum," Stokesley, co. York, Monday after 
Christmas [26 Dec] 1373. ". . . idem Philippus filius Johannis natus fuit apud Ebor' 
[in] dicto comitatu in domo Fratrum Predicatorum et in fonte ecclesie sancti Nicholai 
stantis in Cimiteriww sancte Trinitatis ejusdem ville baptizatus die Lune proximo post 
festum Asreniionis domini anno regni predicti domini Regis nunc vicesimo sexto 
[21 May 1352] et quod idem Philippus fuit die Lune proximo post festum Asxencionis 
domini ultimo elapsum [30 May 1373] etatis xx) annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Edw. Ill, file 235, no. 62). 

(«) Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 435, no. 29986: Close Rolls, 47 Edw. Ill, in. 2; 
48 Edw. Ill, m. 28. 



62 DARCY 

raid into Picardy and Caux, July to Nov. I369,(*) and under the Earl of 
Buckingham in his raid into Brittany, July 1380 to Apr. I38i.(*) He did 
homage to Richard II at his Coronation, 16 July 1377. C") Appointed a 
commissioner to take the homage of the Count of Flanders and others, 
20 June I383.('') He was in the expeditions to Scotland under the Duke 
of Lancaster in Apr. 1384, and under the King in person in Aug. 1385.0 
Appointed Admiral from the Thames Northwards, 22 Feb. l 385/6. ("=) In 
Oct. 1392 he was sent to Ireland to recover the King's lordships and his own 
inheritance, and defend the same against the Irish rebels. ('') He was sum. 
for Military Service, 13 June (1385) 8 Rid I, and to Pari, from 4 Aug. (1377) 
I Ric. II to 5 Nov. (1397) 21 Ric. II, by writs directed Philippo Darcy or de 
Darcy. He was one of the Lords who swore on the altar of the shrine of 
St. Edward at Westm., 30 Sep. 1397, to maintain all the statutes, fo'c, 
made in the preceding session of Parl.(') He m. Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Sir 
Thomas Gray, of Heton in Norhamshire, by Margaret, da. of William 
DE Presfen, of Middleton, Northumberland.C) He d. 24 Apr. I399,(«) 
aged nearly 47, and was bur. in the Priory of Henes, co. Lincoln. Will dat. 

(") So his deposition, 19 Oct. 1386, in tlie Scropc and Grosvenor controversy. 

C) Close Roll, 1 Ric. II, m. 43: French Roll, 6 Ric. II, m. I. 

C^) French Roll, 9 Ric. II, m. 25. Indenture by which " monsirc Philip' Sire de 
Darcy Admir.ille du Northe ct monsirc Thomas Try uet Admirallc du Suthe et West " 
engage to serve the King "de guerre sur la meer en vnc petite armee de niefs barges 
et balyngers par quarante iours en lestee prochein venant " with 250 men-at-arms 
knights and esquires, themselves included, of which men-at-arms 12 shall be knights, 
and with 250 archers "outre lour chambcrleins queux qils soient ct serront a la meer 
le ioefdy cii la Semaignc de Pasq' cestassauoir Ic vyngt ct sisme iour dauerille prochein 
venant." 26 Feb. 9 Ric. II. (Orig. sealed, Darcy's seal almost perfect, Trivet's damaged, 
Harl. Charter, 49, D3). Indenture, same parties, to serve as before, till the end of 
August, dated i July 10 Ric. II. (Copy in Lansdowne MSS., no. 207a, f. 20). 
Knighton (vol. ii, p. 211) states that, in June 1386, Darcy took "quatuor carctas et 
vj magnas naves non mediocriter onustas, et applicuit eas in portum de Sandewyche." 

(""d) Patent Roll, 16 Ric. II, p. 2, mm. 18, 24 d. 

(«) Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 355, 356. He was excused attendance 12 Ric. II, as he 
was engaged in the defence of the Scottish Marches. [Close Roll, m. 42 d). In the 
chancery rolls he is styled Lord of Darcy, Lord of Menyle, or merely Philip Darcy chr. 

(^ Thomas Gray conveyed his lands to himself and Margaret da. of William de 
Presfen, rem. to the heirs of his body, rem. to Joan widow of John de Coupland, for 
life, with successive remainders to John Gray, Thomas Gray, Jane, Elizabeth, and 
Agnes, children of the said Margaret, in tail, Wc: licence dated 10 Feb. (1366/7) 
22 Hatfield. Papal mandate to the Bishop of Durham, dated non. Mar. 6 Urban V 
[7 Mar. 1367/8] to dispense the said Thomas and Margaret to remain in the 
marriage they had contracted, and to declare their children legitimate, although John 
Lutre, whose marriage to Margaret had been annulled when she reached the age of 
consent, was related to Thomas in the 4th degree. [Durham Cursitors" Records, 
Chancery Roll 31, m. 6: Papal Letters, vol. iv, p. 74). 

(«) "Philippus Darcy chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 28 Apr. 22 Ric. II. 
Inq., cos. Lincoln, Derby, Notts, York, Tuesday the Feast of St. John ante portam 
latinam [6 May], 9, 10, 12 May 1399, and Northumberland, undated. "Et dicunt 
quod predictus Philippus obiit viccsimoquarto die Aprilis [die Jovis in crastino sancti 



DARCY 63 

Tuesday 16 Apr. 1399 22 Ric. II, pr. 3 May 1399. (') His widow's dower 
was ordered to be assigned, 13 June I399.C') She d. 11 Aug. i4i2.('=) 
Wills dat. at Lincoln, the vigil of St. Thomas the Apostle 13 Hen. IV 
[20 Dec. 141 1], and at Knaith, Sunday after St. Peter advincuia 13 Hen. IV 
[7 Aug. 1412], pr. at Sleaford, 16 Aug. I4i2.('*) 

IV. 1399. 5. John (Darcy), Lord Darcy, s. and h., aged 22 and 

more, or 23 and more, at his father's death. The King 
took his fealty, and he had livery of his inheritance, 12 June 1399, his 
homage being respited. (^) He was sum. to Pari, from 19 Aug.(i399) ^3 Ric. II 
to 21 Sep. (141 1) 12 Hen. IV, by writs directed Johanni Darcy.(^) He 
was one of the Lords who sealed the exemplifications of the Acts settling 
the succession to the Crown, 7 June and 22 Dec. i4o6.(') He m. 
Margaret, da. of Sir Henry Grey, of Wilton-on-the-Wye [Lord Grey], 
by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Gilbert Talbot, of Eccleswall, co. Hereford [Lord 

Georgii — co. Lincoln] ultimo preterite Et dicunt quod Johannes Darcy filius ejus est 
heres ejus propinquior et est etatis vigintiduorum annorum et amplius." Inq., Calais, 
24 May 1399. "... obiit die Jovis proximo ante festum sanctorum Philippi 
et Jacobi proximo preteritum." Heir, as before, aged 23 and more. (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Ric. II, file 102, no. 17: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 71, no. 4). 

(*) Tork Reg., Scrope, f. 134 v: Lincoln Reg. (no probate), vol. xiii, f. 12. 
" Philippus Darcy chivaler . . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in prioratu de Gysburgh' 
juxta sepulcrum patris mei." The will, in both Registers, is dated " die Martis xvj* 
die mensis Aprilis anno domini Millesimo CCC"" nonagesimo nono et anno regni 
Regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum Anglie vicesimo secundo." But 16 Apr. 1399 
was a Wednesday. 

('') Writs de dote assignanda, England and Calais, 13 June. {Close Roll, 22 Ric. II. 
p. 2, m. 4). Assignments, cos. Lincoln, Northumberland, 30 June and Wednesday 
before St. Peter ad vinculo [30 July] 1399. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 102, no. 17). 
On 28 June 1399 a writ de non intromittendo liberated to her the manor of Knaith, 
with its members in Upton, Kexby, Gate Burton, and Gainsborough, with the ad- 
vowsons of churches, knights' fees, ^c, of which Philip Darcy chr. deceased had been 
enfeoflFed jointly with Elizabeth his wife surviving, to them and the heirs of Philip. 
{Close Roll, 23 Ric. II, m. 5). 

{^) "Elizabetha que fuit uxor Philippi nuper domini de Darcy." Writs of 
diem cl. ext. 1 9 Aug. 1 3 Hen. IV. Inq., cos. Northumberland, Lincoln, Derby, 6 Sep., 
Saturday after the Exaltation of the Cross [17 Sep.], and Monday 19 Sep. 141 2. "Et 
dicunt quod predicta Elizabetha obiit die Jovis proximo post festum [in crastino — co. 
Northumberland] sancti Laurencii Martiris ultimo preterit;? Et quod predictus 
Philippus Darcy filius predicti Johannis Darcy est consanguineus et heres propinquior 
predicte Elizabethe videlicet filius Johannis filii ejusdem Elizabethe et etatis quindecim 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file 87, no. 36: Exch. Inq. p. m., 
I, file 98, no. 9, and Enrolments, no. 445). 

C^) Lincoln Reg., vol. xv, fF. 63-64. "Elizabetha [domina in the earlier will] 
Darcy . . . corpusque meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia monialium de Heynynges 
juxta corpus venerabilis domini mei Philippi nuper domini Darci." 

(•) Fine Roll, 22 Ric. II, m. 12: Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 576, 582, 583. 

(*) In the chancery rolls he is styled Lord of Darcy, Lord of Menylle, Lord 
of Darcy and of Menylle, or merely John Darcy chr. 



64 DARCY 

Talbot]. He d. 9 Dec. 141 1.(*) Will dat. at his manor of Temple 
Hurst, 2 Aug. 141 1, pr. at Cawood, 18 Feb. 141 1/2. C") His widow's dower 
was ordered to be assigned, [E.] 11 Nov. and [1.] 14 Nov. I4i2.('=) 
She w., as 2nd wife, before 12 July 142 1,("') Sir Thomas Swinford, of 
Kettlethorpe, co. Lincohi. He, who was b. 24 Feb. \t,']2I't, [w], at 
Lincoln, and bap. there the next day,('') d. 2 Apr. 1432.0 She d. 

(^) "Johannes Darcy chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 12 Dec. 13 Hen. IV. 
Inq., COS. Northumberland, York, Notts, Lincoln, 2, 20 June, Saturday before St. 
Mary Magdalene [16 July], and I Aug. 1412. " Et dicunt quod predictus Johannes 
Darcy obiit nono die Decembris ultimo preterito et quod Philippus Darcy filius ejus 
est heres ejus propinquior et etatis quatuordecim annorum et amplius." Similar writs, 
22 Jan., 28 Feb. 13 Hen. IV. Inq., Middlesex, Calais, V/ednesday before the 
Translation of St. Swithun [13 July] and 23 July 14 1 2. "... obiit die Mercurii 
proximo post festum Concepcionis beate Marie virginis ultimo preterit*." Heir, as 
before, aged 13 and more. (Ch. Inq. p. ot., Hen. IV, file 87, no. 36: Exch. Inq. 
p. m., I, file 97, no. 13, and Enrolments, no. 445). 

1^) York Reg., Bowet i, f. 350 v. "Johannes dominus Darcy et de Menyll' . . . 
corpus meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia Prioratus Canonicorum de Gysburn' in 
Clyveland aut in ecclesia Abbathie de Selby." A tomb in Selby Abbey is ascribed 
to him. The effigy bore Darcy and Menille quarterly on the surcoat. Among 
the arms depicted were Gray (of Heton), Grey (of Wilton), FitzHugh, Ufford 
quartering Willoughby {Bek), &c. {Coucher Book of Selby, vol. ii, pp. 1-liv). The arms 
of FitzHugh would seem more likely to occur on a monument to his son, Philip, than 
on his own. 

(■=) Writs de dote assignanda, England and Calais, 1 1 Nov., and Ireland, 14 Nov. 
[Cloie Roll, 14 Hen. IV, mm. 28, 23). On 14 June 141 2 she had a grant of ^^40 a 
year from her late husband's lands because of her poor estate and to maintain a son and 
4 daughters yet unmarried: on 1 1 Nov. 141 2 she was granted the issues of her dower 
from the day of her husband's death. {Patent Rolls, 13 Hen. IV, />. 2, m. 20; 
14 Hen. IV, m. 23). On 5 Mar. 1412/3 a writ de non intromittendo liberated to 
her the manor of Silkstone, co. York, which John Darcy chr. deceased had held at his 
death jointly with Margaret his wife surviving, da. of Henry Gray, Lord of Wikon, 
by the gift and feoffment of Philip, Lord Darcy and of Menylle, to them and the 
heirs male of their bodies. {Close Roll, 14 Hen. IV, m. 8). 

{^) Patent Roll, 9 Hen. V, /.. 1, m. 6. 

if) " (Probacio etatis Thome de Swyn)ford' filii et heredis Hugonis de Swynford' 
defuncti," Lincoln, Friday (...) 18 Ric. II. ". . . dictus Thomas fuit etatis viginti unius 
annorum in festo sancti Matthie Apostoli ultimo preterito . . . natus fuit apud 
Lincoln' in festo sancti Matthie Apostoli anno regni regis Edwardi tercii avi Regis 
nunc xlvij° et in crastino ejusdem festi in fonte ecclesie beate Margarete infra inclausum 
Lincoln' baptizatus fuit." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 85, no. 1 1 7). In the inquisitions 
taken, 27 Apr. and 24 June 46 Edw. Ill, after the death of Hugh de Swinford chr., it 
was found "quod predictus Hugo obiit in partibus transmarinis die Jovis proximo post 
festum sancti Martini in yeme ultimo preterito [13 Nov. 1371] et quod Thomas 
de Swynford' est filius et heres ejusdem Hugonis propinquior et etatis iiij"^ annorum 
et amplius." {Idem, Edw. Ill, file 229, no. 55). There is thus a strange discrepancy 
of 5 years or so in the dates given for the birth of Thomas. His legitimacy was, 
however, openly doubted. {Patent Roll, 13 Hen. IV, />. I, m. 35). 

(') "Thomas Swynford' miles." Writ of diern cl. ext. 18 May 10 Hen. VI. 



I 



DARCY 65 

I June I454.('') Admon. at Lincoln, 29 Aug. 1454, to William Swinford 
of Kettlethorpe {Lincoln Reg., vol. xx, f. i 8). 



6. Sir Philip Darcy, s. and h., aged 14 and more in June 1412. 
He m., before 28 Oct. i4i2,('') Alianore,(') da. of Sir Henry FitzHugh, of 
Ravensworth in Richmondshire [Lord FitzHugh], by Elizabeth, da. and 
h. of Sir Robert Grey. He d. s.p.vi., 2 Aug. 141 8, aged 20.('') At 
his death any Barony, that may be supposed to have been created by the 
writ of 1332, fell into abeyance. His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 5 Mar. i42o/i.(') She w., 2ndly (pardon for marrying without 

Inq., CO. Lincoln, 29 Oct. 1432. " Et dicunt quod predictus Thomas obiit die 
Mercurii in quarta septimana quadragesime ultimo preterite Et quod Thomas 
Swynford' miles est filius et heres dicti Thome Swynford' . . . propinquior et est 
etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq, p. m., Hen. VI, file 57, no. 4: Exch. 
hiq. p. m., I, file 152, no. 2). 

(') " Margareta que fuit uxor Johannis Darcy militis." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
15 June 32 Hen. VI and 26 Oct. 33 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Northumberland, 
Middlesex, York, Notts, Lincoln, Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, before, and 
Monday after. All Saints [28, 30, 31 Oct., 4 Nov.], and 10 Nov. 1454. "Et 
dicunt quod dicta Margareta obiit die Sabbati proximo post festum Ascencionis 
domini ultimo preteritum Et quod Elizabetha uxor Jacobi Strangways militis et 
Margeria uxor Johannis Conyers militis sunt consanguinee et heredes ipsius Margaretc 
propinquiores videlicet filie Philippi filii ejusdem Margarete Et quod dicta Elizabetha 
est etatis triginta et vj annorum et amplius et predicta Margeria est etatis triginta et 
duorum annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 152, no. 15: Exch. 
Inq. p. m.y I, file 196, no. 4). 

C) Patent Roll, 14 Hen. IV, m. 23. 

(') Her mother, " Elizabeth Lady of Rauenswath','' by her will, dat. 24 Sep. 
1427, left "my doghter Darcy a sauter couered in blew." 

(^) " Philippus Darcy miles filius et heres Johannis nuper domini Darcy 
defuncti." Writs of devenerunt 2 Mar. 6 Hen. V and 18 Nov. 7 Hen. V. Inq., 
cos. Derby, Notts, Wednesday after St. George [24 Apr.] and 6 May 1420. "Et 
dicunt quod idem Philippus obiit secundo die Augusti anno vj'° Regis nunc quo die 
fuit etatis xx" annorum et non amplius Et quod Elizabetha et Margeria filie predicti 
Philippi sunt heredes ejusdem Philippi propinquiores et quod predicta Elizabetha est 
etatis duorum annorum et dimidii unius anni et quinque mensium et predicta 
Margeria est etatis unius anni et unius mensis." Inq., cos. Northumberland, York, 
Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sep.], and Tuesday after St. Michael [3 Oct.] 
141 9. Date of death, and heirs, aged 2 and more, and i and more, as before. Inq., 
Calais, Middlesex, 20 Aug. 14 19 and Saturday in the octaves of the Purification 
[3 Feb.] 1419/20. Date of death, and heirs, aged 2^ and more, and i^ and more, 
as before. Inq., co. Lincoln, Thursday before St. Luke [17 Oct.] 1420. Date of 
death, and heirs, aged 3 and more, and 2 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. 
Hen. V, file 43, no. 78: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 121, no. 11, and Enrolments, nos. 
489 and 494). 

{') Writs de dote assignanda $ Mar. {Close Roll,S Hen. V, ot. i). Assignments, cos. 
Middlesex, Notts, Derby, Lincoln, Northumberland, 17 Mar. 1420/1, 10, 12 Aug. 
142 1, 15 July and 12 Aug. 1422. (Ch. Inj. p. m., Hen. V, file 54, nos. 124, 131). 

9 



66 DARCY 

the King's consent, 1 8 Feb. i426/7),(^) Sir Thomas Tunstall, of Thurland, 
CO. Lancaster. She »/., 3rdly,('') as 2nd wife, Sir Henry Brounflete, 
of Londesborough, co. York, afterwards Lord Vessy. She d. 30 Sep. 
1457. (•=) He d. 16 Jan. 1468/9. ('') Will, directing his burial to be in 
the Church of the White Friars, London, dat. 2 1 May (1466) 6 Edw. IV, pr. 
at Lambeth, 30 Jan. 1468/9 {P.C.C.y 26 Godyn, ff. 215 v-2i6). 

He left two daughters his coheirs, (i) Elizabeth, aged 2 years and 
II months in Apr. 1420. She w., as ist wife,(') before 20 Nov. 1431, Sir 
James Strangways, of West Harlsey, co. York, sometime (i Edw. IV) 
Speaker of the House of Commons. Having proved her age (in co. York), 
the King took his fealty, 20 Nov. 1431, and they had livery of her purparty 
of the inheritance. She was living i Sep. 1458, but d. before Nov. 

(^) Patent Roll, 5 Hen. VI, p. I, m. 6. 

(•>) By his Bill in Chancery, "William Tunstall' Esqwyere one of the yonger 
sonnes of sir Thomas Tunstall' knyght and Alianore sumtyme his wyfe late the 
wyfeof Henry Brounflete knyght" sued the said Henry for his share of 1,000 marks, 
which (he alleged), on the marriage of Henry and Alianore, Henry had agreed to 
settle on her two younger sons and two daughters, " for asmuch as she had grete 
lyfelode and gudes." In his Answer, dated 4 July 6 Edw. IV, " Henry Brounflete 
knyghte Lorde Vessy " certified " that I neuer promised the saide M'' marc' nor no 
peny therof to my saide late wife [Alianour sumtyme Lady Darcy] nor to non' other 
person' to be disposed amongest hir saide yonger children'." [Early Ch. Proc, 29, 
mm. 103-114). 

(•=) "Alianora que fuit uxor Philippi Darcy militis." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
23 Oct. 36 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Middlesex, York, Northumberland, Notts, Derby, 
Lincoln, 30 Oct., 2 Nov., 6 Dec. 1457, 12, 12, and 16 Jan. 1457/8. "Et dicunt quod 
eadem Alianora obiit ultimo die Septembris anno dicti domini Regis nunc supradicto 
Etquod predicte Elizabetha et Margeria sunt consanguinee et heredes predicti Johannis 
le fitz propinquiores videlicet filie Philippi filii Johannis filii \}ic\ predicti Johannis Darcy 
le fitz Et dicunt ulterius quod Ricardus Tunstall' miles est filius et heres propinquior 
ejusdem Alianore et est etatis triginta [et duorum — except co. Middlesex'] annorum et 
amplius Et quod predicta Elizabetha est etatis quadraginta annorum et amplius Et 
quod eadem Margeria est etatis triginta et sex [et octo — cos. Notts, York: et novem — 
CO. Northumberland'] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 168, 
no. 30: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 200, no. 6, file 202, no. 12). "Alianora que fuit 
uxor Henrici Brounflet militis domini Vessy." Writ of diem cl. ext., to the escheator 
in CO. York, 1 8 Nov. {Fine Roll, 36 Hen. VI, m. 1 7). There is no consequent Inq. 
on the files. 

C) Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. IV, file 29, no. 37. See Vessy. 

(') Sir James Strangways m., 2ndly, Elizabeth, widow of Sir William Bulmer, 
of Wilton, CO. York, and da. of Henry Eure, of Bradley, co. Durham. She d. 
13 or 14 Mar. 1481/2. See Bulmer. Will of Elizabeth "Strangwis," directing her 
burial to be in the parish church of Upleatham, co. York, and appointing " Radulphum 
Bulmer militem filium mourn" her executor, dat. 12 Mar. 148 1 [1481/2], pr. 2 May 
1482. {York Reg., vol. V, f. 6l). 

(') On 20 Nov. [E.] and 24 Nov. [I.] 1 43 1, the escheators in England 
and the town of Calais, and the Chancellor in Ireland, were ordered to divide the 
lands yc. which John late Lord of Darcy had held at his death, and those which 
Elizabeth, late the wife of Philip late Lord of Darcy, father of the said John, had held in 



DARCY 67 

I45i.(") He d. shortly before 20 Aug. i48o.('') (2) Margery, b. (post- 
humous) I Sep. 141 8, at Ravensworth, and hap. at Kirkby Ravcnsworth.(') 
She w., before 20 Nov. 1431, Sir John Conyers, ot" Hornby, c«. York. 
Having proved her age, they had livery of her purparty of the inheritance, 

13 May 1433, ^he escheator in co. York being ordered to take his 
fealty.('') She d. bet\veen 20 Mar. 1468/9 and 20 Apr. i469.(') He d. 

14 Mar. 1489/90.0 



V. 1 64 1. 7. Conyers Darcy, s. and h. of Thomas D., by 

Elizabeth, 2nd da. and coh. of John (Conyers), Lord 
Conyers, became in July 1635, O'^ the death of his cousin, John (Darcy), 
Lord Darcy, his h. male., as also h. male of his great-grandf^ther, Thomas, 
Lord Darcy {attainted 1538); and being maternally, through the Conyers 
family, a coh. of John (Darcy), Lord Darcy, sum. by writ in 133 1/2, set out 
these facts in a petition to the King in the Pari, which first met at West- 
minster, 3 Nov. 1640, wherein he asked that the King might " he pleased to 
declare, restore, and confirm, to him the said Sir Conyers Darcy and the 
Heirs Male of his body, the stile, title and dignity of Lord Darcy. "(') Two 
Patents which issued on 10 and 12 Aug. 1641 respectively, are held(s) 
to have determined the abeyance of the ancient Barony of Darcy [and by 

dower, into two equal parts, and to give seizin of one part to James Strangways the 
younger and Elizabeth his wife, and to retain the other part, the purparty of Margery 
the wife of John Conyers, in the King's hand. [Cloie Roll, 10 Hen. VI, m. 15). 
On I Dec. 1454 the escheators were ordered to deal with the lands yc. which Margaret 
late the wife of John Darcy kt. defuncta had held in dower, and on i Sep. 1458 with 
the lands ds'c. which Aiianore late the wife of Philip Darcy kt. defuncta had held in 
dower or otherwise, and, having taken the fealties of James Strangways and of John 
Conyers, whose homages in each case had been respited, to give seizin to James and 
Elizabeth, and to John and Margery, of their purparties. {Fine Rolls, 33 Hen. VI, 
m. 9; 37 Hen. VI, m. 8: cf. Close Roll, I Edw. IV, ;/;. 5). 

{^ Pari Rolls, vol. v, p. 485. 

C) Writs oUiem cl. ext. 20 Aug. {Fine Roll, 20 Edw. IV, ;;/. 15). 

{^) Writ de etate probanda 16 Apr. 11 Hen. VI. " Probacio etatis Margerie 
uxoris Johannis Conyers unius filiarum et heredum Philippi Darcy militis defuncti 
filii et heredis Johannis nuper domini de Darcy," Masham, co. York, 29 Apr. 1433. 
"... eadem Margeria nata fuit apud Ravenswath' in comitatu predicto in festo sancti 
Egidii abbatis anno regni predict! domini H. nuper Regis patris domini Regis nunc 
sexto et in ecclesia de Kirkeby on the hill' baptizata et fuit etatis quatuordecim 
annorum in festo sancti Egidii abbatis ultimo preterito." (Ch. Inq. f>. m.. Hen. VI, 
file 61, no. 53). 

(d) Close Roll, II Hen. VI, m. 12. 

(') Ing. p. m. (on John Conyers kt.), Ch., II, vol. 6, nos. 49, 50, 51, 89, Exch., 
II, file 460, nos. I, 9. Their s. and h. ap., John Conyers, survived liis mother, but 
d. v.p., leaving a s. and h., William, b. 21 Dec. 1468. {Idem). See Convers. 

(') Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i, p. 375. V.G. 

(s) By the Committee for Privileges in 1903. See, as to this decision, Appendix 
H to this volume. V.G. 



68 DARCY 

Descent of one moiety of the Barony of Darcy to the families of 
Bigod and Roos. 

Sir James Strangways.=: Elizabeth Darcy: coh., i, to the Baronies of Darcy and Menille. 

I — — ! 

Sir Richard Strangways:=p Elizabeth, 2nd da. and coh. of William Neville, Earl of Kent: coh. 
d. 13 Apr. 1488. I \, to the Barony of Fauconberge. 



Sir James Strangways:== Alice, ist da. of Thomas, Lord Scrope of Masham: mar. lie. 7 Sep. 
1^. 16 Dec. I 52 1. '47^: coh., \, to the Barony of Scrope of Masham. 



SirThomas Strang- : 
ways: will 2 Sep. 
1522, pr. 8 Oct. 
1525. 



Anne, da. of John Bigod of: 

Humphrey, 

Lord Dacre 



Bainton: 



mar. 

lie. 20 Jan. 

of the North. 1488/9: d.v.p. 

before 22 Jan. 

1514/5- 



Sir James Strangways: 
d. s.p. 26 Apr. 1541 : 
will lo Mar. 1540/1, 
pr. 29 July I 541. 



= Elizabeth, 3rd da. 
and coh. of 
Thomas Pigot of 
Clotherholme. 



Joan:;/. l5 = Sir William Maleverer 
Nov. I 546. of Wothersome: mar. 

lie. 7 Nov. 1522: d. 

1 1 Aug. 1551: will 

24 May 1549, pr. 

16 Jan. 1551/2. 



Katherine, da. 
of William, 
Lord Conyers. 



Sir Francis Bigod of= 
Settrington : attainted, 
and hanged at Tyburn, 
2 June 1537. 



Ralph Bigod of Mulgrave 
and Eckington : d. s.p. : 
admon. 20 Apr. 1569. 



Dorothy, sister=pRoger Radcliffe: d. Aug. 
andinherissue | I 588: will I 3 Aug. I 588, 
h. I pr. 27 Mar. 1589. 



I 

Mary: living 20 Mar. = Robert Roos of Ingmanthorpe: d. 
1514/5: 1st wife. May 1530: will 30 Oct. 1529, pr. 

23 Oct. 1532. 



r — " 

Robert Roos of Ingman- 
thorpe. 



J- 



Bridget, da. and h.:== Peter Roos of Laxton: d. 15 Nov. 1605: 
mar. settl. 18 Mar. | admon. 2 Mar. 1605/6. 
1590/1: 2nd wife, /fs 
On the death of Sir James Strangways the younger, William Lord Dacre and Greystoke of 
the North claimed the estates by virtue of a bargain and sale supposed to have been made to him 
by the said James: Robert Roos and Joan Maleverer claimed as cousins and next heirs, under divers 
entails, the reversions of most of which belonged to the King. By indenture dated 15 June 
35 Hen. VIII (confirmed by Act of Pari. 35 Hen. VIII, no. 24), the King's Majesty .awarded 
to the Dacres, West Harlsey and i 7 other manors: to the King, for full recompense of his rever- 
sions, the castle and manor of Whorlton, an annuity of ^^20 out of the Exchequer, ^c: to 
Sir William and Joan Maleverer, the manor of Eckington : to Robert Roos, Upsall and 1 9 other 
manors, in satisfaction of the great costs he had sustained in the suit of the premises. Robert 
Roos sold Ingmanthorpe, ^c, to Thomas Edgar, of Bermondsey, Surrey, and the rest of his 
property was soon dissipated. At least, Thoroton {Notts, vol. iii, p. 209) relates that Bridget 
Roos, by her own misfortunes and the wicked unthriftiness of her son, Gilbert Roos, was 
reduced to so great poverty that she gleaned corn among other poor people in Laxton field. 



DARCY 69 

inference that of Conyers] in his favour,('') whereby he became BARON 
DARCY (of Knaith) [i344]C') and BARON CONYERS [1509], both 
baronies being held in fee.('') He d. 3 Mar. 1653/4. See fuller account 
of him sub Conyers, vol. iii, p. 406. 

(^) A somewhat similar favour had been granted to his great-uncle, George 
Darcy, s. and h. of Thomas, Lord Darcy (so cr. by writ, 1509), whose Barony was 
forfeited by his attainder in 1537. This George was restored in blood by Act of 
Par). 1548, with the dignity of Baron Darcy to him and the hein male of his body. To 
these heirs (though not, however, to himself) the precedence of 1509 was allowed till 
their extinction in 1635. 

It should be noted that though, after 1635, Conyers Darcy was the h. malt- of his 
great-grandfather, Thomas, Lord Darcy [cr. 1509), he was not h. general, and that 
the Barony of Darcy, of which he was a cob. (through his mother's family of Conyers) 
was quite distinct therefrom, being a Barony of (1332) a much higher precedence. 

('') This was held in 1903 by the Committee to be the date when John, Lord 
Darcy sat first in Pari. See /iw/, p. 72, note"b." Conyers Darcy and his four successors 
in title doubtless thought that the result of the petition of 1 64 1 was to create a peerage 
dignity in tail male, "Lord Darcy and Conyers." V.G. 

(^) It is observed by J. H. Round that "only one 'Patent of Restitution and 
Creation' for 'the Lord Darcy and Conyers' is mentioned in the entry in the Lords' 
Journals (20 Jan. 1 64 1 /a), and that Dugdale — to whom we are indebted for our 
knowledge both of Conyers Darcy's petition and of the date of the Patent (10 Aug. 
1 641) — states in his Baronage (1675) that Conyers Darcy was 'erectus et restoratus 
in baronem [m] d'Arci et Conyers.' It is also noteworthy that, while giving this 
information under 'Darcy' he is silent under 'Conyers' as to any existence of the 
barony after 1557. As Norroy King of Arms he must have been acquainted with 
the facts of the case at the time, and his statement that the King 'did, by his Letters 
Patents, bearing date at Westminster, 10 August in the seventeenth year of his reign, 
declare, restore, and confirm unto him . . . the stile, title, and dignity of Lord d'Arcy, 
so enjoyed by his ancestor, John, Lord d'Arcy as aforesaid' (vol. i, p. 375) implies 
that he knew the terms of the Patent. His date is confirmed by the pedigree entered 
by Lord 'Holdernesse ' in May 1754, which described Conyers Darcy as 'restored 
and declared by Patent 10 August 17 K. Chas. 1st.' Again Courthope states 
{Historic Peerage, p. 143) that a Royal Warrant of 2 Aug. (1641), not now forth- 
coming, directs that two bills shall be prepared for restoring the ancient 'liberties, 
places, and states' of John, Lord Darcy and John, Lord Conyers, to Conyers Darcy, 
but contends that it does not appear either from the concluding words or from his 
subsequent sitting, that two separate baronies were intended to be conferred upon him. 
The words are: 'the one concerning the Barony of Darcy to be made for the said 
Sir Conyers Darcy by the name of Sir Conyers Darcy of Hornby, co. York, and the 
other concerning the Barony of Conyers to be passed in the latter place, to be made 
to or for him by the title also of Baron d'Arcy.' Two bills were prepared in accor- 
dance with these directions, and the Darcy one was delivered to the Keeper of the 
Great Seal 10 Aug. (1641). As the Patent was issued the same day, the bill for 
Conyers, which was not delivered till 12 Aug., must have been followed, it would 
seem, by a separate Patent, in spite of Courthope's contention. And this conclusion 
is confirmed by the fact that, in i68o, the son of the then peer was summoned to 
Parliament as Lord Conyers while his father was sitting as Lord Darcy. 

"The fact is that ' Darcy ' was the barony which Conyers Darcy wanted, owmg 
to its high precedence and also to his own male descent from its holders. He pro- 



70 

VI. 



DARCY 



[654. 8. CoNYERS (Darcy), Lord Darcy [i344](^) and 

Lord Conyers [1509], s. and h. He was sum. to Pari, 
from 8 May (1661) 13 Car. II to i Mar. (1679/80) 32 Car. II, by writs 
directed Conyers Darcie de Darcie,Q') with, in the last two writs (7 Oct. 1678 
and I Mar. 1679/80) the addition of the words " f / Meynill."('=) On 
5 Dec. 1 682 he was cr. EARL OF HOLDERNESS. He ^. 14 June 1 689. 

VII. 1680. 9. Conyers (Darcy), Lord Darcy (^) and 

Lord Conyers, s. and h., who was sum. 
v.p.{^) in his father's Barony of Conyers [1509] i Nov. (1680) 
32 Car. II, as Conyers Darcy de Conyers, and took his seat two days 
Iater.(*) On 14 June 1689 he sue. his father as Earl of Holderness, 
tfc. Ht d. 13 Dec. 1692. 



VIII. 1692. 10. Robert (Darcy), Earl of Holderness, 

Lord Darcy ('') and Lord Conyers, grandson and 
h., being s. and h. of John Darcy (s. and h. ap. of the last named 
Peer), which John d. v.p., and before his father's accession to the 
Earldom, 7 June 1688. He d. 20 Jan. 172 1/2. 

IX. 1722. II. Robert (Darcy), Earl of Holderness 

[1682], Lord Darcy [i344]('') and Lord Conyers 
[1509], s. and h. He d. s.p.m.s., 16 May 1778, aged 60, when the 
Earldom of Holderness became extinct, but the Barony of Darcy 
[1344] and the Barony of Conyers \cr. by the writ of I509] 
devolved as under. 



O -t 

3 ^ 



^.x 



bably looked on Conyers as only an addition to his style. Therefore, though he was 
Lord Darcy and also Lord Conyers, under two separate patents, he probably took his 
seat under the Darcy Patent alone. Courthope, however, held that the Patent of 164 1 
operated as creating a barony with the style of ' Lord D'Arcy and Conyers,' limited 
to his heirs male, which became extinct, accordingly, in 1778. And he explained 
the writ of 1680 as referring to the old barony of Conyers, to which Conyers Darcy had 
become entitled in 1644. This view was followed by G.E.C. in the previous edition 
of this work. 

" This view, however, is rendered obsolete by the Lords' decision in the Darcy 
(de Knayth) case (1903), which, in accordance with the Petitioners' contention, con- 
tained the statement 'That in 1 64 1 the abeyance then existing in the said barony of 
Darcy (de Knayth) was determined by Letters Patent in favour of Conyers, Lord 
Darcy, and Lord Conyers' \_sic\. Though this is not quite accurate — for Conyers 
Darcy was not yet * Lord Conyers ' — the decision obviously governs the correspond- 
ing instrument in the case of Conyers and makes it, not a creation, but the determina- 
tion of an abeyance." V.G. 

(*) According to the decision, 29 Sep. 1903, as to that Barony. 

C') In the Pari, of 1 66 1 he was placed between Lord Dacre (1321) and Lord 
Stourton (1448), and in the Pari, of 1679/80 between Lord Ferrers (1299) and Lord 
Fitz Walter (1369). V.G. 

(*=) See vol. iii, p. 407, note "c." 

{^) See vol. iii, p. 407, note "d." 

(') House of Lords 'Journals. 



DARCY 71 

The following pedigree illustrates the descent of the Barony of Darcv, 
5 connected with the Barony of Meinill (^) and the Barony of Conyers. 
John Darcy, sum. I 33 1/2, d. 13-I.7. Nicholas de Mcinill, sum. 1336, d. s.p.m., 1341. 
John, Lord Darcy (of Knaith),;/. i 356. j^Elizabeth, da. and h., d. 1368. 



John Darcy, s. and h., d. unm., i 362. Philip, Lord Darcy, d. 1399. 
John, Lord Darcy, d. 141 1. 



Philip D.ircy, d. s.p.m., 141 8. 



John Da 



:nd son, d. 1 45 8. 



Sir James=: Elizabeth, 1st Sir John — Margaret, 2nd Richard Darcy, s. 

Strangways. | da. and coh. Conyers. da. and coh. and h. ap., d. v.p. 

^ I I 

r 



Sir John Conyers, d. v.p. 

William Conyers, s. and 
h., sum. I 509, d. I 524. 



Christopher, Lord 
Conyers, d. 1538. 



Sir William Darcy, s. and h., d. 1488. 

Sir Thomas Darcy, s. and h., sum. 
I 509, beheaded zn<l attainted, 1537. 
I 



John, Lord Conyers, d. s.p.m, 1557. 



2. Arthur Darcy, I. George Darcy, s. and h., restored to the Barony 
2nd son, d. 156 1, of Darcy to him, and the heirs male of his body, 
1348, a-. 1558. I 

John, 2nd Lord Darcy, d. 1602. 



Elizabeth, 2nd da. and coh., whose=Thomas Darcy, d. 1605. 
son, in 1 644, became sole h. 



Michael Darcy, 
d. v.p., 1588. 



Conyers(Darcy),Lord Conyers (in 1644), John, 3rd Lord Darcy, Henry Savile, = Anne. 

who had in 1635, become heir CT(7/;f of his sum. to Pari, as Lord of Copley, co. 

great-grandfather (Lord Darcy), s. and h. Darcy and Meinill. (•>) York. | 

In 1641, he was in fact cr. Baron Darcy 1605 to 1629. He d. /js 

and Baron Conyers, in tail male, but this /././., 1635. 
was held legally (in 1903) to have deter- 
mined the Darcy abeyance. He d. 1 654. 

Conyers (Darcy), Lord Darcy [1344], and Lord Conyers [1509], who was sum. in 1661 as 
"Lord Darcy," and from 1678 to 1680 as "Lord Darcy and Meinill. "C^) In 1682 he was cr. 
Earl of Holderness. On the failure of his issue male, 19 May 1778, his dignities, save the 
Baronies of Darcy (of Knaith) and Conyers (which vested in the da. and heir gen. of the last 
Earl), became extinct. 

(") J. H. Round writes, "It has now been decided that there is no proof of sitting in the 
Barony of Meinill, so that its existence is rejected." It is very difficult for the lay mind to 
grasp what is, and what is not, a peerage Barony. The Meinill claim failed in 1 903 owing 
to lack of proof of sitting. Yet in the Mowbr.iy claim (1877) the Resolution was: "That it 
is proved by the Writ of Summons addressed to Roger de Mowbray in the lith year of 
Edward I, and the other evidence adduced on behalf of the Petitioner, that the Barony of 
Mowbray was in the reign of King Edward I vested in Roger de Mowbray." As it has not 
been proved that Roger de Mowbray ever sat in any Parliament, it is obvious, as J. H. Round 
points out {Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, p. 257), that "the proposition that 'the Barony of 
Mowbray was in the reign of King Edward I vested in Roger de Mowbray ' is based on writ, 
.ind on writ alone." Again, in the Darcy case in 1903, no proof of sitting was produced for 
John Darcy (sum. 133 1/2), and though the House of Lords .iccepted as such proof hii pre- 
sence in the King's Council in I 344, the historian, on the analogy of the Meinill case, would 
be justified in denying that the proceedings before the Committee established the cxiacntc of 
the earlier Barony of Darcy. V'.G. 

(t) Though the coheirship to the Barony of Meinill was not in him, but in the dc;cend.int5 
of Elizabeth Strangways and Margaret Conyers. 

(') As to this writ see vol. iii, p. 407, note "c." 



72 DARCY 

X. 1778. 12. Amelia, j«o_;«r^ Baroness Darcy [1344] (*) and 

suo jure Baroness Conyers [1509], also de jure Countess 
of Mertola [Portugal 1668], only surv. child and h. of Robert (Darcy), 
Earl of Holderness, Lord Darcy and Lord Conyers, ^c, abovenamed, 
by Mary, da. of Francis Doublet, Member of the States of Holland, b. 
12 Oct. 1754. She m. Francis Godolphin-Osborne, styled Marquess of 
Carmarthen, who in 1789 became Duke of Leeds. She d. 27 Jan. 1784. 
See fuller account sub Conyers. 



XI. 1784. 13. George William Frederick. (Osborne), 

Lord Darcy (^) and Lord Conyers, s. and h., 
who on the death of his father became Duke of Leeds. By the 
judgment of the House of Lords, 27 Apr. 1798, he was pro- 
nounced to have made out his claim to the Barony of Conyers. 
H&d. 10 July 1838. 

Xn. 1838. 14. Francis GoDOLPHiN D'Arcy (Osborne, 

afterwards, 1849, D'Arcy-Osborne), Duke of 
Leeds, Marquess of Carmarthen, Earl of Danby, Viscount 
Latimer, Lord Darcy (^) and Lord Conyers, i^c., s. and h. On 
his death s.p., 4 May 1859, the Dukedom of Leeds, fife., devolved 
on his cousin and h. male^ but the Baronies of Darcy and of Con- 
yers devolved on the h. general as under. 



« 3 £| 



OcJsg 

c ^ a- 



XIII. 1859 15. Sackville George (Lane-Fox), Lord Darcy 

to [1344] (°) and Lord Conyers [1509], nephew and h., 

1888. being s. and h. of Sackville Walter Lane-Fox, by his ist 

wife, Charlotte Mary Anne Georgiana, only sister of the 

last-named Peer. See fuller account sub Conyers. On his death, s.p.m.s., 

24 Aug. 1888, theBaronyofDarcy [1344] and the Barony of Conyers [1509] 

fell into abeyance between his two daughters and coheirs, and so continued 

until the abeyance of the latter was terminated in favour of the elder coh., 

Marcia Amelia Mary, 8 June 1892 (see Conyers), and the abeyance of 

the former was terminated in favour of the yr. coh. eleven years later, as 

below. 



XIV. 1903. 16. Violet Ida Evelyn (Lane- Fox), Baroness Darcy 

[1344], 2nd da. and coh. of Sackville George (Lane-Fox), 
Lord Darcy and Lord Conyers abovenamed, was b. i June 1865. On 
29 Sep. 1903, the abeyance of the Barony of Darcy was determined in her 
favour, and she became, accordingly, BARONESS DARCY [i 344].('') She 



if) According to the decision, 29 Sep. 1903, as to that Barony. The title was 
not used, however, the owner being unaware of any right thereto. V.G. 

C") The precedence of 1344 in the case of this Barony was based upon what was 
held to be the first sitting in Pari, of John Darcy, who was sum. to Pari. 27 Jan. 



DARCY 73 

w., 21 Aug. 1890, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., George (Herbert), Earl of 
Powis, s. and h. of Lieut. Gen. the Rt. Hon. Sir Percy Egerton Her- 
bert, K.C.B., by iVIary, da. and h. of William Thomas Petty-FitzMaurice, 
styled Earl of Kerry. 

[Percy Robert Herbert, styled Viscount Clive, ist s. and h. ap., b. 
2 Dec. 1892. See fuller particulars sub Powis.] 

DARCY (of Darcy or of Temple Hurst) 

BARONY BY i. Thomas Darcy, s. and h. of Sir William D. 

WRIT. {d. I488),(^) by Eupheme {m. lie. 23 Jan. 1460/1), da. of 

John Langton, of Farnley, co. York, was b. about i467,(^) 

I. 1504 and was a person of some distinction in the reign of 

or Henry VII; knighted I489;made a Knight Banneret by the 

1509 Earl of Surrey in Scotland 1497; Constable of Bamburgh 

to Castle June 1498; Capt. of Berwick 1498-15 15; Treasurer 

1537. of Berwick Sep. 1501 ; Warden of the East Marches Sep. 

1 505, and of the East and Middle Marches Oct. i 5 1 1 ;(') 

nom. K.G. 18, and inst. 21 May 1509; Warden of the Forests North of 

Trent June 1509. He was sum. to Pari, certainly from 17 Oct. (1509) 

I Hen. VIII, (^) and probably 5 years before, until 3 Nov. (1529) 21 Hen. 

VIII, by writs directed Thome Darcy de Darcy ChVr^ whereby he became 

1 33 1/2 (see ante^ p. 56). The Resolution of the Committee for Privileges was, 
"That it is proved by the Parliament Roll of i8th Edward III and other evidence 
adduced on behalf of the Petitioners that John Darcy sat in Parliament in right of 
that Barony in that year." J. H. Round has shown that, so far from there being yet 
any evidence produced of John Darcy having sat in that Parliament, he was never 
even summoned to it. See Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, pp. 274 et iqq., where the 
case is fully discussed. See also ante, p. 56, note "c." V.G. 

(*) This William was grandson and h. of John Darcy, and s. of John, Lord 
Darcy (of Knaith) [1399-141 1] abovenamed (see ante, p. 63), and in 1418 the h. male 
of that family. See tabular pedigree, p. 7 i . 

(*") In his deposition, June 1529, about the marriage of Prince Arthur and 
Katherine of Arragon, he states that he is " 60 years of age or thereabouts," but in 
his father's Inq. p. m., 1488, he is said to be aged 21 and more. V.G. 

(') A very long paper drawn up by him, containing charges and complaints 
against Cardinal Wolsey, mentions " how colorably and wrongfully he voided me 
from the offices of Captain of Berwick and Warden of the Marches, a yearly living 
of by year 1,000/. [? rectim 100/.]." {Letters and Papen, Hen. Fill, vol. iv, part 3, 
pp. 2548-2555). V.G. 

(■*) He is spoken of as "my Lord Darcy" as early as 13 Apr. 1504, in a letter 
of Dame Agnes Plumpton, and in a patent of 6 June 1505, and is so styled when, 
as Capt. of the Guard, he was present, 8-10 May 1509, at the funeral of Henry VII. 
He may probably, therefore, have been sum. to the Pari, that met 25 Jan. 1503/4, 
but in that case the writ is lost. {Plumpton Correspondence, pp. 187-188, pub. by the 
Camden Soc; Leland's Collectanea, vol. iv, p. 303). He is called " Sir Thomas Darcy 
Lord dc Darcy, knt.," as early as 1506. {Ancient Deeds, A, no. 121 16). V.G. 

10 



74 DARCY 

LORD DARCY. (') He held a command on the right wing at Therouanne 
in 15 13; P.C., and in great favour with the King; subscribed the letter to 
the Pope praying for the King's divorce, but opposed the dissolution of 
the monasteries, and finally joined in Aske's rebellion, called the Pilgrimage 
of Grace-C") He had lie. on account of age and infirmity, 28 Oct. 1535, 
to absent himself from Parl.(') Although, as Lord Darcy of Temple Hurst, 
or of Temple Newsam, he had had a general pardon as recently as 18 Jan. 
1 536/7, ('^) he was convicted of high treason on the charge of delivering 
up Pontefract Castle to the rebels, and was beheaded on Tower Hill, 
30 June I537,(') when, having been attainted, all his honours became 
forfeited.{^ He ?«., istly, Dowsabel, da. and h. of Sir Richard Tempest, of 
Giggleswick, in Ribblesdale, co. York, by Mabel, da. of Walter Strickland, 
of Sizergh, Westmorland. She was living 1503. He w., 2ndly, before 1520, 
Edith, widow of Ralph Nevill, styled Lord Nevill, sister of William, ist 
Lord Sandys of the Vine, Hants, da. of Sir William Sandys, of the Vine, 
by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Cheney, of Shurland. She d. at Stepney, 22, 
and was l>ur. 25 Aug. 1 529, at the Friars Observants, Greenwich. (8) He d. as 
afsd., 30 June 1537, and was l^iir. in the Church of St. Botolph, Aldgate (as 
was, in 1561, his yr. son. Sir Arthur Darcy), under a costly monument. 

(^) He figures in a bogus list concocted by Dugdale (Summonses, pp. 49 1 -2) 
as having been sum. to a Pari, beginning 12 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII (really the date to 
which the Pari, which first met 5 Feb. 1514/5 had been prorogued). As to this list 
see sub II Lord Willoughby (of Broke). His name is also included in two other lists, 
of 25 and 28 Hen. VIII, fabricated by Dugdale. V.G. 

C") A full inventory of his goods, dat. 10 Hen. VIII, is given in Letters and 
Papers, Hen. Fill, vol. iii, part I, p. 386. V.G. 

(■=) He probably obtained this licence to avoid having to support the King's 
proposals for declaring himself head of the Church. V.G. 

C) In 1536 Henry VIII wrote to Shrewsbury: — "It appears by certain letters 
from Darcy and Aske to you, and from you to us, that Darcy has been of better sort 
than reported, and would be glad to come in. If he do, we intend to show him mercy, 
and have delivered secretly to the bearer [Sir John Russell] his pardon." [Letters and 
Papers, Hen. VHI, vol. xi, p. 493, no. 1225). V.G. 

(') "On Saturday the 30th inst. Darcy will suffer at Tower Hill." John 
Husee to Lord Lisle, 29 June. [Letters and Papers, Hen. VHI, vol. xii, part 2, no. 166). 
The degrading of Thomas, late Lord Darcy, took place 22 July 29 Hen. VIII [i.e. 
his arms were defaced, and so on]. [Idem, no. 313). [ex inform. G. W. Watson). 
The other peers concerned in this rebellion were Lords Latimer, Scrope, and Lumley, 
as also was George Lumley, s. and h. ap. of the last. V.G. 

(') The Duke of Norfolk writes to the Council in Oct. 1536, " Fye ! Fye ! 
upon the Lord Darcy, the most arrant traitor that ever was living, and yet both his 
sons true knights." [Letters and Papers, Hen. Fill, vol. xi, p. 361). V.G. 

(6) An account of her obsequies is printed in Plumpton Correspondence, p. 268, 
from MS. I3, Coll. Arm., f. 71 v. Therein it is stated that "By cause it was thought 
that the said Lady Nevill died of the gret sykenesse or ells ther wold have been there a 
farre gretter compaigne, wiche for dangier of the sykenesmy Lord Darcy cawsed them 
to exchew, for the tokens of the gret sykenesse appered on her." [ex inform. G. W. 
Watson). V.G. 



DARCY 75 

DARCY, DARCY OF DARCY, and DARCY AND 

MEINILL, commonly called DARCY OF ASTONQ 

BARONY IN I. Sir George Darcy, s. and h. of Thomas, Lord 

TAIL MALE. Darcy, by his ist wife, Dowsabel, da. of Sir Richard 

Tempest, both abovenamed. He held a command at 

I. 1548. the battle of Flodden, 9 Sep. 1513, and was knighted by 

Henry VIII at Lille, in Flanders, 14 Oct. 1513. Sheriff 
of CO. York, 1535-36. He was restored in blood by Act of Pari. (1548) 
2 Edw. VI to the dignity of BARON DARCY, to him and the heirs male 
of his body-C") He m. (indentures dat. 26 Mar. 151 1),('=) Dorothy, da. and 
h.('') of Sir John Melton, of Aston, co. York, by Katherine, da. of Sir 

(^) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C") As to this Act of restoration, Townsend, in his additions to Dugdale, observes 
that — "Though in the beginning of the Act it is enacted that he and the hcin male 
of his body shall be taken and known by the name of Lord Darcy, and shall have 
place and voice in Parliament, l^c. as a Baron of the realm; yet it is afterwards 
further enacted and declared that he and Ka heirs shall be restored in blood only as 
heir and heirs of the said Thomas, Lord Darcy, and that he and his heirs shall be 
enabled to demand, ask, have, hold and enjoy all and every such honours, castles, 
manors, lordships, and all manner of hereditaments, ^"c. Upon this view of the Act 
I cannot but think that the fair construction is, that upon the failure of heirs male of 
his body the heirs general are let into the inheritance, and this opinion will, I conceive, 
be much fortified, if not entirely confirmed, by what follows. When the restored 
Lord came to Parliament he was ranked and sat there as the junior Baron, and con- 
tinued during his life to hold only such place as was due to him according to the date 
of his restitution; but after his death his son's name was inserted in the old place, and 
in I Eliz. [/)£'] was admitted to the ancient seat of, and rank formerly enjoyed by, his at- 
tainted ancestor {Lords' Journals^ vol. i, p. 514). I do not find any steps taken by 
him to obtain this admission; but the fact itself appears to me to amount to a decision 
of the House, especially as the Lords Darcy continued in undisturbed possession of 
that precedence till the male line became extinct in 1635. It seems, however, 
highly probable that this admission of Lord Darcy was considered as a regular conse- 
quence of the then recent decision in favour of Lord Stafford, who stood precisely in 
similar circumstances under an Act of restitution, which, like this of Lord Darcy, 
limited the Barony at first to the heirs male of the body of the restored Lord." {Coll. 
Top. et Gen., vol. viii, p. 164). "No mention of this Act has been found on the 
Patent Roll, nor in the Certiorari bundle of that date." (App., 47th Rep., D.K. 
Pub. Records, p. 92). G.E.C. and V.G. 

(<=) Inq.p. m. (on Sir John Melton), Ch., II, vol. 70, no. 60, vol. 74, no. 44; Exch., 

II, file 241, no. 36; Court of Wards, vol. 2, no. 165. By the indenture, there re- 
cited, dated 26 Mar. 2 Hen. VIII, John Melton esquire agreed that before 25 Apr. 
next he would deliver Dorathe Melton his da. and h. ap. to Lord Darcy, and granted 
"that the sayd Dorathe by the grace of god shall mary and take to husbond George 
Darcy son' and heyre apparaunt of the sayd lord before the feast of saynt Micheli 
tharchaungell now next commyng, or at any tyme after at the appoyntment of the 
sayd lord." 

C^) She was also heir to any Barony of Lucy that may be held to have existed. 



76 DARCY 

Hugh Hastings, of Fenwick in that co. She, who was aged 38 and more 
at her father's death, 26 Feb. 1543/4, d. 21 Sep. i557,(^) and was bur. at 
Brayton, co. York. He d. 28 Aug. I558,('') and was bur. with her. M.I. 
to both there. Will dat. 15 Aug. 1558, pr. 24 Aug. 1558 [«V].('=) 

II. 1558. 2. John (Darcy), Lord Darcy, s. and h., aged 28 and 

more at his father's death. Knighted at the Coronation, 
1 5 Jan. 1558/9. He took his seat in the House of Lords 25 Jan. 1558/9 in 
the precedence ( 1 509) of the older Barony, which precedence he preserved. (**) 
He m. Anne, da. of Thomas Babington, of Dethick,co. Derby, by Katherine, 
da. of Sir Henry Satcheverel, of Morley in that co. He d. i8,(^) and was 
bur. 19 Oct. 1 602, at Aston. Will dat. 15 Mar. 39 Eliz. 1596 [1596/7], pr. 
at London, i Feb. 1 602/3. (^ 

III. 1602 3. John (Darcy), Lord Darcy, grandson and h., being 

to only s. of Michael Darcy, by Margaret, da. of Thomas 

1635. WENTWORTH,of Wcntworth Woodhouse, CO. York, which 

Michael was only s. of the last Lord, but d. v.p., 1 3 Dec. 

1588, and was bur. at Wentworth. M.I. He was aged 23 and more at his 

grandfather's death. He was sum. to Pari. 5 Nov. (1605) 3 Jac. I to 

(") " Dorflthea domina Darcie nuper uxor Georgii domini Darcie defunct'." 
Writ of mandamus 9 Sep. 5 and 6 Ph. i^ Mar. Inq., co. York, 7 Oct. 1558. 
"... predicta Dorothea domina Darcye . . . obiit . . . xxj° die Septembris annis . . . 
quarto et quinto." (Ch. Inq. />. m., II, vol. 116, no. 57). 

C") "Georgius Dominus Darcye." Writ of diem cl. ext. 9 Sep. 5 and 6 Ph. 
y Mar. Inq., co. York, 7 Oct. 1558. "... predictus Georgius dominus Darcye 
. . . obiit xxviij™ die augusti ultimo preterito . . . Johannes Darcye modo dominus 
Darcye est filius et heres dicti domini Georgii Darcye . . . Et fuit etatis tempore 
mortis dicti domini Georgii Darcye viginti et octo annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
II, vol. 116, no. 14). 

(■=) Tork Reg., vol. XV (2), f. 29 1 . " George Darcye of Gatefurthe knight Lorde 
Darcye ... my bodye to be buryed in the queare of Brayton as nighe my wyffe as 
can be." The M.I. states that he d. 23 Sep. 1558. 

('') The fact that Dugdale in his Summonses has sometimes omitted the words 
" de Darcye " in the Writs led G.E.C. to suppose that they did not occur in the 
Pari. Pawns, and to deprecate the idea that such discrepancy in the designation could 
create a distinct Barony, viz. one in fee. Dugdale's lists of writs for the reign of 
Elizabeth up to the year 1586 are, however, fabrications, a fact which was not known 
to G.E.C. V.G. 

(") "Johannes Dominus Darcye de Aston." Writ of diem cl. ext. 11 Nov. 
44 Eliz. Inq., CO. York, 20 Nov. 1602. "... predictus Johannes Dominus Darcye 
. . . obiit decimo octavo die Octobris ultimo preterito . . . Johannes modo Dominus 
Darcye est ejus consanguineus et proximus heres videlicet filius et heres predicti 
Michaelis Darcye defuncti filii et heredis dicti Johannis Domini Darcye defuncti Et 
. . . tempore mortis dicti Johannis Domini Darcye defuncti fuit plene etatis videlicet 
etatis viginti trium annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 273, no. 82; Court 
of Wards, \o\. 26, no. 1 40). 

(') Peculiar Court of IFestm., 438 Elsam ii, f. 81. "Sir John Darcy knight 
Lord Darcy of Aston ... my bodie to be buried in the parish Church of Aston." 



DARCY 77 

20 Jan. (1628/9) 4 Car. I, by writs directed Johanni Darcy et Mcinill. He 
is recorded as having had the courage to refuse a challenge from Gervase 
Markham in i6i6.(^) He w., istly, Rosamond, da. of Peter Freschevile, 
of Staveley, co. Derby, by his 2nd wife, Margaret, da. of Arthur Kaye, of 
Woodsome, co. York. She, who was bap. at Staveley, 5 June i576,('') d. 
18 Apr. 1607, and was bur. at Aston. M.I. He ;«., 2ndly, 7 May 1617, 
at Walton, co. Derby, Isabel, da. of Sir Christopher Wray, of Glentworth, 
CO. Lincoln, Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, by Anne, da. of Nicholas 
GiRLiNGTON, of Normanby, co. York. She had ;«., istly, Godfrey 
FoLjAMBE, of Walton afsd., who was b. at Walton 21, and bap. 25 Nov. 
1558 at Chesterfield, d. at Walton 14 June, and was bur. 16 July 1595 at 
Chesterfield ;(') and 2ndly, as 2nd wife. Sir William Bowes, of Streatlam and 
Barnard Castle, co. Durham, who d. 30 Oct. 161 1. She d. s.p., at Aldwark, 
CO. York, 27 Jan. 162 1/2, ("^i and was <^«r. at Rawmarsh in that co. M.I. at 
Aston. He w., 3rdly, 7 Nov. 1624, at Harthill, co. York, Mary, da. of 
Thomas (Bellases), ist Viscount Fauconberg, by Barbara, da. of Sir 
Henry Cholmeley, of Whitby, co. York. She, who was bap. 1 1 Apr. 1606, 
at Coxwold, CO. York, d. 14 Sep. 1625, in childbirth, aged 19, and was bur. 
at Aston. M.I. He m., 4thly, Elizabeth, sister and coh. of John West, 
of Firbeck, co. York, and ist da. of William West, of the same, by 
Katherine, ist da. of Sir Edward Darcy, of Dartford, Kent. He d'. s.p.s.if) 
5 July 1635. Will dat. 23 Jan. 1633 [1633/4] and 25 Mar. 1634.(0 At 

(*) Markham was censured in the Star Chamber, 27 Nov. 161 6. He had had 
a quarrel, when out hunting, with one of Darcy's followers, who had given him a 
"switching." A full account of the Star Chamber proceedings is in Harl. MSS., 
no. 3638, ff. 50-61, and no. 6807, fF. 1 70-183. Darcy and his 2nd wife "fell into 
the class of those to whom persons less serious gave the offensive appellation of puritans" 
(Hunter, vol. ii, p. 59). 

(*>) Coll. Top. et Gen.,vo\. iv, p. 385. 

(^) "The worshipfull Godfrey Fuliambe esquire died at his house of Walton the 
14 of June 1595, and was buryed the 1 6th daye of July next after, in the p'ishe 
church of Chesterfeld, in the Countie of Derby." (Fun. Cert, penes J. B. Nichols 
in 1835 — Coll. Top. et Gen.., vol. ii, p. 399). 

(^) Hunter, vol. ii, p. 163, quotes a "poem," "Upon the day and time when 
she died, Jan. 27th, Sunday, about noon": 

"To wreak their wrath the Fates espied their time. 
When in his noonstead Titan was in prime. 
And on the sabbath," i^c. 
Elsewhere Hunter says that she d. 12 Feb. 1622. But 12 Feb. was a Tuesday m 
1 62 1/2, and a Wednesday in 1622/3. 

(«) He had 3 children, who d. v.p. (i) John, who d. unm. 21 Apr. 1624, aged 
22, and was hur. in Westm. Abbey; (2) Rosamund, bap. at Aston, 9 Feb. 1605/6, 
the marriage of whom to Lord Brooke was being arranged in Mar. 1628/9, but she 
d. before the negotiations were completed; (3) Elizabeth, bap. at Aston, lO Apr. 1 607, 
d. unm. 18 June 1624. 

Unregistered; cert, copy at York. "Published and declared 7 Feb. 1634," 
"pr. 14 Aug. 1635 at York," "pr. 14 Aug. 1636 at Aston " (various notes on copy). 
"John Lord Darcy of Aston in the County of York." 



78 DARCY 

his death the Barony of Darcy as restored in 1548 became extinct,{^) by 
the failure of the issue male of the restored Lord. His widow m. (lie. 
1636) Sir Francis Fane, K.B. She d. in her 63rd year, at Aston, and was 
bur. there, 24 July 1669. He d. in 1680, in his 69th year, and was bur. 
with her. M.I. to both there. 



DARCY OF CHICHEC) 

BARONY. I. Thomas Darcy, only s. and h. of Roger D. 

(Esquire of the Body to Henry VII), by Elizabeth, da. of 

I. 1551- Sir Henry Wentworth, of Nettlestead, Suffolk, was b. 

1506; sue. his father, Sep. 1508; was knighted at Calais, 
I Nov. 1532; Master of the Artillery in the Tower of London, and Gent, 
of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII, 1545; Vice Chamberlain and Capt. 
of the Yeomen of the Guard to Edward VI, 1550-51, and Lord Chamber- 
lain Mar. 1 550/1-53. On 5 Apr. 1551, he was cr. BARON DARCY OF 
CHICHE, Essex.C=) Norn. K.G. 18 Sep., and inst. 6 Oct. 1551. He 
was one of the 26 Peers who signed the letters patent, 16 June 1553, 
settling the Crown on Lady Jane Grey.('^) He m. Elizabeth, da. of John 
(de Vere), 15th Earl of Oxford, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Edward 
Trussell, of Kibblestone, co. Stafford. He^. atWyvenhoe, 28 June 1558, 
aged about 52, and was bur. (as was his wife) at St. Osyth's Priory, Essex. 
Will pr. 1 4 Mar. 1 5 60/ 1 . /«y. />. w. 1 3 Sep. ( 1 5 5 8) 5 and 6 Ph. (^ Mar. 

II. 1558. 2. John (Darcy), Baron Darcy of Chiche, only s. 

and h., aged 26 at his father's death. Knighted at the 
Coronation, 15 Jan. 1558/9. He took his seat in the House of Lords 
25 Jan. (1558/9) I Eliz.("=) He entertained the Queen at St. Osyth's, 
July 1 56 1, and Aug. 1579. Admitted Gray's Inn, 4 Feb. 1562/3. He 
m. Frances, da. of Richard (Rich), Baron Rich (Lord Chancellor), by 
Elizabeth, sister of William Jenks. She d. before him. He d. 3 Mar. 
1580/1, and was bur. at St. Osyth's, aged about 58. Will pr. 1581. 

(*) Any right that could accrue to the heir j'^w^ra/, under the restoration of 1548, 
as also the right to the original Barony of Darcy, by writ 1509, if the 
attainder thereof in 1537 were reversed, vests in the descendants of his only sister 
who left issue, Anne, wife of Henry Savile, of Copley, co. York. Her representa- 
tives (through the family of Howard) are (i) Lord Mowbray, Segrave, and Stourton, 
and (2) Lord Petre, who are also coheirs of the Barony of Lucy. See the descent in 
Banks, Bar. Ang.., vol. i, p. 181. See also pedigree, p. 71, ante. 

C") Chich was the original name of St. Osyth's, Essex, which was so called from 
the great Priory of St. Osyth, founded there. This Priory was sold by the Crown to 
Lord Darcy in 1553 for some ;^4,ooo. (J. H. Round). V.G. 

(■=) See Creations^ 1 483-1 646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. 

(<*) See a list of these iub Edward, Earl of Derby [1521]. 

(^) His name appears in several fabricated lists of writs (1-23 Eliz.) printed in 
Dugdale's Summonses. V.G. 



DARCY 79 

in. 158 1 3 and I. Thomas (Darcy), Baron Darcy of Chiche, 

to s. and h.,^. about 1565. He was sum. to Pari. 15 Sep. i 586. 

1640. His only s. and h. ap., Thomas Darcy, having d. s.p. in his 

lifetime, his son-in-law, Sir Thomas Savage, husband of 
his 1st da., Elizabeth, obtained, 8 Oct. 16 13, a "grant of the reversion of 
the dignity [of Baron Darcy of Chiche] from the death of Thomas, the 
present Baron without heirs male of his body,"(^) with rem. to the heirs 
male of his own body by the said Elizabeth, his wife. On 5 July 1621, 
he, under the style of "Thomas, Lord Darcy, Baron of Chiche," was cr. 
"VISCOUNT COLCHESTER, co. Essex, for life [j;V],with reversion to 
[the said] Thomas Savage, Knt. and Bart., one of the Gentlemen of the 
Chamber, husband of Elizabeth, da. of Thomas, Lord Darcy, and to the 
heirs male of his body by the said Elizabeth," (^) and finally he was cr., 
4 Nov. 1626, EARL RIVERS, with rem. "to the heirs male of his body, 
with rem. to Thomas Savage Knt. and Bart, and the heirs male of his 
body,"(^) the said Thomas Savage being himself cr., at the same date, 
Viscount Savage. He m., shortly before 20 Apr. 1583 (articles dat. 
16 Apr.), Mary, da. and h. of Sir Thomas Kitson, of Hengrave, Suffolk, 
by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Thomas Cornwallis. He d. s.p.m.s., 2 1 Feb. 
1639/40, in London, aged about 74, and was I^ur. at St. Osyth's. At his 
death the Barony of Darcy of Chiche [1551] became extinct. Will dat. 
14 Mar. 1635, pr. 25 Feb. 1639/40. His widow d. between 7 May and 
28 June 1644, and was l>ur. in Trinity Church, Colchester. M.I. Will 
dat. 7 May, pr. 16 Nov. 1644. Fun. Cert. P.R.O. 



Note. — The reversion of the Barony of Darcy of Chiche, granted 
8 Oct. 1 613, as above mentioned, with a spec. rem. in favour of Thomas 
Savage, i^c, was not inherited by the said Thomas, in consequence of his 
death, 20 Nov. 1635, ^" ^^e lifetime of (Earl Rivers) the then Lord, but 
devolved (together with that Earldom, (Sifc.) as under. 



1. 1640. I. John (Savage), Earl Rivers [1626], Viscount 

Colchester [1621], Viscount Savage [1626] and Baron 
Darcy of Chiche [cr. in reversion 1 6 1 3], grandson and h., being s. and h. of 
Thomas, ist Viscount Savage, by Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Thomas 
(Darcy), Earl Rivers, Viscount Colchester and Baron Darcy of Chiche, 
next abovenamed. Having sue. his father, 20 Nov. 1635, in the Viscountcy 
of Savage, he sue. his maternal grandfather in the other dignities according 
to the spec, limitations of the same. These continued united till they became 
extinct. See "Rivers," Earldom, cr. 1626; extinct circa 1735. 

(*) See Creations, 1 483- 1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. 



8o DARCY 

DARCY OF NAVAN 

BARONY [I.] I. James Darcy, s. and h. of the Hon. James D. (yr. s. 

I 1 72 1 °^ Conyers, Baron Darcy and Baron Conyers abovenamed) 

' ■ (see ante, p. 70), by Isabel, da. of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, 

Bart, (and Isabel, da. and h. of Sir William Gascoigne, 
of Sedbury Park, co. York), was aged 1 5 at the Her. Visit, of co. York in 
1665. M.P. (Tory) for Richmond 1698-1701, and 1702-05; sue. his father 
1673, and was of Sedbury afsd. He was cr., 13 Sep. 1721, BARON 
DARCY of NAVAN, co. Meath [I.] {') for life, with rem. in tail male 
to his grandson, "James Darcy Esq, son of William Jessop Esq. and Mary 
his wife, ist da. of the said James, Lord Darcy." He m., istly, Bethia, da. 
of George Payler, of Nun Monkton, co. York. She d. 19 Nov. 1671, aged 
18, and was bm: at Nun Monkton. M.I. He m., 2ndly, Anne, ist da. 
of Ralph (Stawell), ist Baron Stawell of Somerton, by his ist wife, 
Anne, da. of John Ryves, of Ranston, Dorset. She was bur. at Gilling, co. 
York. M.I. He w., 3rdly (lie. 19 Oct. 1693), Mary, ist da. of Sir William 
HiCKES, 2nd Bart., by Marthagnes, ist da. and coh. of Sir Harry Coningsby, 
of the Wild in Shenley, Herts. She d. 1 7 10, and was bur. at Gilling. M.I. 
He m., 4thly, 6 Apr. 1725, at Forcet, co. York, Margaret Garth. He 
d. s.p.m., 19 July 1731, in his 80th year, and was bur. at Gilling. M.I. 
Will dat. 5 Mar. 1725/6, pr. at York, 30 Oct. 1731. His widow d. 9 Aug. 
1758. Will dat. 5 July 1758, pr. at York, i Nov. 1758. 

11. 1 73 1 2. James (Jessop, afterwards Darcy), Baron Darcy of 

to Navan [I.], grandson and h., according to the spec. lim. 

1733. in the patent of creation, being only s. and h. ap. of William 

Jessop, of Broom Hall, co. York, by Mary, ist da. and coh. 

of the 1st Lord by his ist wife. He d. unm. and intestate, 15 June 1733, 

aged about 26, when his Peerage became extinct. He was bur. at Gilling. 

M.I. Admon. 2 July 1733, to his father, and again 31 Mar. 1735, to 

Mary Jessop widow, and others, exors. of his said father then deceased. 

DARLINGTON 

i.e. "Darlington, co. Durham," Barony (Sedky), cr. 1685/6 (for life), 
with the Earldom of Dorchester, which see; extinct ijij. 



EARLDOM. Sophia Charlotte, Countess von Platen and 

I 1722 Hallermund, in Germany, and, ju?~e mariti, Baroness 

^^ von Kielmansegge, in Germany, being da. of 

j„2r Franz Ernst, Imperial Count von Platen and Haller- 

mund, by Clara Elisabeth von Weisenbuch, who was 
mistress to Ernst August, Elector of Hanover, to 

(^) As he obtained a peerage, he must be presumed, like Harcourt, Trevor, 
Bingley, and others, to have left the Tories and rallied to the Court in tthe rei^n of 
George I. V.G. 



DARLINGTON 8i 

whose son, Georg Ludwig, afterwards George 1 of England, she (as 
also the wife of Count von Platen, her eldest brother) held a similar post. 
She, who was b. about 1 673, w. (when young) Johann Adolph Kielmansegge, 
afterwards Baron von Kielmansegge, and IVIaster of the Horse to George I, 
before he was King. He (after whom his wife's (^) children were 
named) d. 15, and was bur. 17 Nov. 1717, at St. James's, Westm. The 
lady followed her Royal lover to England in 17 14, gaining a march thereby 
on her rival (afterwards Duchess of Kendal), who was unwilling to quit 
Hanover.C') On 1 1 Sep. 1721, she was cr. COUNTESS OF LEINSTER 
[I.], for life, and on 6 Apr. 1722, was cr. BARONESS OF BRENTFORD, 
Midx., and COUNTESS OF DARLINGTON, co. Durham, for life. 
She d. at her house in St. James's, 20, and was bur. 24 Apr. 1725, in 
Westm. Abbey, when all her Peerages (being for life only) became extinct.(f) 
Will dat. 3 Dec. 1723 to 18 Apr. 1725, pr. 20 Mar. i'/2 ^16. 



II. 1754. I. Henry Vane, s. and h. of Gilbert (Vane), 2nd 

Baron Barnard, by Mary, da. and coh. of Morgan 
Randyll, of Chilworth, Surrey, was b. about 1705; M.P. (Whig) for 
Launceston (<^) 1726-27, for St. Mawes 1727-41, for Ripon 1741-47, and 
for CO. Durham 1747-53; P.C. [I.] 18 Sep. 1742; Vice Treasurer 
and Paymaster Gen. [I.] 1742-44; a Lord of the Treasury 1749-55. ITe 
sue. his father in the Peerage, as Baron Barnard, 27 Apr. 1753. Lord 
Lieut. CO. Durham 1753-58. On 3 Apr. 1754, he was cr. VISCOUNT BAR- 

(^) In her will she mentions her sons, George Lewis, Charles Augustus, and 
Ernest Augustus, Count von Kielmansegge, her da.. Lady Howe, and her youngest 
da., "Carolina, Lady von Kielmansegge." It was proved by "George Lewis, Count 
von Kielmansegge." The death of "Count Kilmansegg, a German nobleman," 
occurred in Feb. 1733/4. 

C") The Countess, from her enormous bulk, was called "the Elephant and 
Castle," while her said rival ("the head of the extraordinary seraglio"), "whose 
elongated figure was attenuated almost to emaciation," was called " the Maypole." 
She "was complaisant enough to allow the King to extend his favours to younger 
rivals." Of the honours conferred on these ladies, Sir Philip Francis, in Historical 
Questions, 1818, says they were given "to reward their merits in their respective 
departments, and to encourage the surrender of prudery in younger and handsomer 
subjects." As not only the King himself, but his s. and h. ap. (afterwards George II), 
also kept a bevy of such ladies, while his grandson Frederick (afterwards Prince of 
Wales), though a mere boy, "maintained an established mistress; the world was startled 
by the discreditable fact of three generations in the same family, indulging openly in 
the same vice at the same time." See Jesse's Court of Hanover, vols, ii and iii. For some 
account of Royal mistresses and bastards see vol. vi, Appendix F. G.E.C. and V.G. 

("=) Horace Walpole says of her, " I remember, as a boy, being terrified at her 
enormous figure. The fierce black eyes, large and rolling, beneath two lofty arched 
eyebrows, two acres of cheeks spread with crimson, an ocean of neck that overflowed 
and was not distinguished from the lower part of her body, and no part restrained by 
stays." V.G. 

{^) Being, however, a prominent opponent of Walpole in the later years of his 
administration. V.G. 

II 



82 



DARLINGTON 



NARD OF BARNARDS CASTLE and EARL OF DARLINGTON, 
CO. Durham. Joint Paymaster of the Forces (a very lucrative office) 1755- 
56. He w., 2 Sep. 1725, Grace, ist surv. da. of Charles (Fitzroy), Duke 
OF Cleveland and Southampton, by his 2nd wife, Anne, da. of Sir William 
PuLTENEY. He d. 6 IVIar. 1758. (^) Will pr. 1758. His v/idow, who 
was b. li Mar., and bap. 8 Apr. 1697, at St. James's, Westm., d. 29 Sep. 
1763, aged 66. Will dat. 15 June 1762, pr. 12 Nov. 1763. 



III. 1758. 2. Henry (Vane), Earl OF Darlington, (^c, 1st s, and 

h., ^. i726,matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 28 May 1744, then 
aged 17, M.A. Cambridge, 3 July 1749; Capt. ist Foot Guards 1747; 
Lieut. Col. Coldstream Guards 1750; Col. in the army (during service) 1779; 
M.P. (Whig) for Downton 1749-53, for co. Durham 1 753-58 ;(*>) Lord 
Lieut, of CO. Durham 1758-92; Gov. of Carlisle 1763-92; Master of the 
Jewel Office 1763-82. He m. (lie. Bp. of London), 19 Mar. 1757, at 
St. Geo., Han. Sq., Margaret, sister of James, ist Earl of Lonsdale, da. 
of Robert Lowther, Gov. of Barbados, by Catherine, da. of Sir Joseph 
Pennington, Bart. He d. 8 Sep. 1792, at Raby Castle, co. Durham, and 
was bur. at Raby, aged 66. Will pr. Dec. 1792. His widow d. at Laneton 
Grange, co. Durham, 4 Sep. i 800. Will pr. 1 801. 

IV. 1792. 3. William Harry (Vane), Earl OF Darling- 

ton, (jfc, s. and h., b. i-j July 1766. On 5 Oct. 
1827 he was cr. MARQUESS OF CLEVELAND, and on 29 Jan. 
1833, BARON RABY OF RABY CASTLE, co. Durham, and 
DUKE OF CLEVELAND. He d. 29 Jan. 1842. 



V. 1842. 4. Henry (Vane), Duke of Cleveland, 

Marquess of Cleveland, Earl of Darlington, 
^fc, s. and h., b. 6 Aug. 1788; d. s.p., 18 Jan. 1864. 

VI. 1864. 5. William John Frederick (Vane, formerly 

Powlett), Duke of Cleveland, Marquess of 
Cleveland, Earl of Darlington, i^c, br. and h., b. 3 Apr. 1792; 
d. s.p., 6 Sep. 1864. 



VII. 



1864 
to 



6. Harry George (Vane, afterwards Powlett), 

Duke of Cleveland [1833], Marquess of Cleve- 

1891. land [1827], Earl of Darlington and Viscount 

Barnard [1754], Baron Barnard [1698], and 

Baron Raby of Raby Castle [1833], br. and h., b. 19 Apr. 1803. 

He d. s.p., 21 Aug. 1 89 1, when all his honours, save the Barony 

of Barnard, became extinct. 



O j4_ 






00 > 



(') He, "whenever he was drunk told all he knew, and when he was sober, 
more than he knew." (Walpole, George II, vol. i, p. 11 7). V.G. 

C") As a peer he opposed the Coalition of North and Fox in 1783, and supported 
Pitt's Regency Bill. V,G, 



DARNLEY 82a 



DARNLEY(') 

BARONY [S.] I. John Stewart,(>') illegit. s. of King James V, by 

T ^ Catherine, da. of Sir John Carmichael, was b. about 

^ ■ I 532, and usually called Lord John till he was cr. a peer; 

Commendator of the Priory of Coldingham 1541. He 
obtained letters of legitimation under the Great Seal 7 Feb. i 550/1. He 
joined the Reformers in i 560. Shortly after he had a grant of the forfeited 
lands of Matthew (Stewart), Earl of Lennox [S.], and was cr., between 
21 Jan. 1 56 1/2 and 7 Feb. 1562/3, LORD DARNLEY [S.]. As 
"Dominus Dernlie " he had a grant of lands 22 June 1563. He w., 
II Jan. 1 56 1/2, at Crichton Castle, Jean, sister and ultimately h. of her 
br. James, 4th Earl of Bothwell, da. of Patrick (Hepburn), 3rd Earl 
OF Bothwell [S.], by Agnes, da. of Henry, 3rd Lord Sinclair [S.]. He 
d. Oct. or Nov. 1563, at Inverness. His widow m., between 10 Dec. 1565 
and 16 Jan. 1566/7, John Sinclair, Master of Caithness, who ^. v.p. 
Sep. 1575. She m., 3rdly, Archibald Douglas, Rector of Douglas, a 
Senator of the College of Justice, who was outlawed 1581. 

II. 1563 2. Francis (Stewart), Lord Darnley [S. 1562], 

to 1st s. and h., b. about Nov. 1562. He was cr., 16 June 

'593- 1 58 1) Earl of Bothwell and Lord Hailes [S.]. He 

was attainted hy Act of Pari. [S.] 21 July I593,(') when 

all his honours heca.me forfeited. See Bothwell. 

(') This peerage was omitted in the first edition, and narrowly escaped the same 
fate in this, not being referred to sub Bothwell. V.G. 

(•>) Godscroft describes him as "a man of mild disposition." V.G. 

(«) He was forfeited 25 June 1591, the forfeiture being ratified and his posterity 
disinherited 5 June 1592, but he was not convicted of treason. 



DARNLEY 83 

DARNLEY or DERNELEY 

BARONY [S.] I. Sir John Stuart, s. and h. of Sir Alan S., of 

T ^ p Darnley, co. Renfrew, by Catherine, da. of Sir William 

Seton, of Seton, which Alan was s. and h. of Sir John 
Stuart, of Darnley, by Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Duncan, 
-• ' ' Earl of Lennox [S.], sue. his father in 1439, and appears 

to have been cr. a Lord of Parliament by the title of LORD 
DERNELEY, or DARNLEY [S.], at the Coronation of James III, who 
sue. to the throne 3 Aug. 1460. He was served h. to his grandfather 1466, 
and 23 July 1473 to his great-grandfather, the Earl of Lennox above- 
named, as to half of that Earldom, and to the principal messuage thereof, 
and sat in Pari. 20 Nov. 1475, ^s EARL OF LENNOX [S.], which title 
from Oct. 1488 appears to have been fully recognized. The titles continued 
united till the death of Matthew, the 4th Earl, 4 Sep. 1571, when they 
devolved on his grandson and h.. King James VI, s. and h. of Henry (well- 
known under the style of Lord Darnley), his s. and h. ap., who d. v.p.., 
9 Feb. 1566/7. The dignities thus became merged in the Crown [S.], in 
1 57 1. See fuller particulars sub Lennox, Earldom. 



i.e. "Darnley, Aubigny and Dalkeith," Barony of [S.] (Stuart)^ 
cr. 1580, with the Earldom of Lennox [S.], which see; extinet 1672. 



i.e. "Derneley," or "Darnley," Barony of [S.] (Stuart), er. 157: 
with the Earldom of Lennox [S.], which see; both extinct iSl^- 



i.e. "Derneley," or "Darnley," Barony of [S.] (Stuart), er. 1578, 
with the Earldom of Lennox [S.], which see; resigned therewith, 1580. 



i.e. "Derneley," or Darnley," Earldom of [S.] (Stuart), er. 1581, 
with the Dukedom of Lennox [S.], which see; extinct 1672. 

DARNLEY AND DARNLEY OF ATHBOY 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I . John Bligh, s. and h. of Thomas B.^ (who d. 

T 28 Aug. I 710), of Rathmore, co. Meath (M.P. for 

■ ^723- tj^^t county 1695 till his death), by Elizabeth, da. of 

T7ADT T\f^\A TT 1 Jamcs Naper, of Loughcrew, co. Meath. He was 

EARLDOM [i.J ^ ^gg^. ^_p_ ^^^ ^^.^ 1709-13, and for Athboy 

I. 1725. 1713-21. In consequence of his marriage he was, on 

1 4 Aug. i-j2i,cr. BARON CLIFTON OF RATH- 

(*) He had large grants of land under the Act of Settlement in 1668. "Origi- 
nally a grazier, but grew rich, and the Duke of Ormond procured him to be made 
a Privy Councillor." The alleged humble origin of this and other peerage families 
is referred to in a note sub Craven. V.G. 



84 



DARNLEY 



MORE, CO. Meath [I.]; on 7 Mar. 1722/3, cr. VISCOUNT DARNLEY 
OF ATHBOY, co. Meath [I.], and on 29 June 1725, EARL OF 
DARNLEY, co. Meath [L]. He m., 24 Aug. 17 13, at Westm. Abbey, 
Theodosia, suo jure. Baroness Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold; see 
that title, cr. by writ 1608), which lady was the descendant and h. 
gen. of Esme (Stuart), Duke and Earl of Lennox, Earl of Darnley, 
Lord Darnley, fePc. [S.], she being also, after the Royal line (descendants 
of King James VI), the next representative of the Earls of Lennox and 
Lords Darnley [S.], of the Stuart family. She, who was b. 9 Nov., and 
bap. 6 Dec. 1695, in St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, ^. 30 July, and was bur. 
15 Aug. 1722, in Westm. Abbey, aged 26. He ^. at Epsom, Surrey, 12, 
and was bur. 25 Sep. 1728, in Westm. Abbey, in his 41st year. Will, dat. 
I Jan. 1724/5, giving ;{^ 1,500 to endow a poor house at Athboy, pr. 19 Sep. 
1728, in England. 

IL 1728. 2. Edward (Bligh), Earl of Darnley, ^c. [I.], also 

Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), s. and h., b. 
9 Nov. 171 5; ed. at Westm., and at Geneva; sue. his mother in the English 
Barony in 1722, and his father in the Irish Earldom, &€., in 1728; taking 
his seat [E.] i Feb. 1736 and [I.] 4 Oct. 1737; F.R.S. 9 Feb. 1737/8; Grand 
Master of Freemasons 1737-38; a Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince 
of Wales, Oct. 1 742-47. (') He d. unm., at Cobham Hall, Kent, 22 July, 
and was bur. i Aug. 1 747, in Westm. Abbey, aged 31. Will pr. 1 747. 

III. 1747. 3. John (Bligh), Earl of Darnley, ^c. [I.], also 

Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), br. and h., b. 
I Oct. 1 719, in Arlington Str., Midx.; ed. at Westm., and at Merton Coll. 
Oxford, M.A. 13 July 1738; M.P. for Athboy [I.] 1739-47, for Maid- 
stone (Anti-Walpole Whig) 1741-47. He took his seat in the House of 
Lords [I.] 20 Dec. 1760. He m., 11 Sep. 1766, in Dublin, Mary, da. 
and h. of John Stoyte, of Street, co. Westmeath, Barrister-at-Law, by 
Mary, sister of Ralph, Viscount Wicklow [I.], ist da. of Robert Howard, 
Bishop of Elphin. He d. 31 July 1 781, at Cobham Hall, aged 61, and was 
bur. at Cobham. His widow, who was b. 18 Oct. 1747, .a'. 27 Mar. 1803, in 
her 56th year, at her seat, called Bounds, and was bur. in Southborough 
Chapel, near Tunbridge Wells. M.I. at Bidborough. 

IV. 1 78 1. 4. John (Bligh), Earl of Darnley, i^c. [I.], also 

Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), s. and h., b. 
30 June 1767, in Ireland; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford; took his 
seat in the House of Lords [I.] 30 Mar. 1789; er. D.C.L. 3 July 1793. 
F.S.A. 15 Dec. i8o3;('') F.R.S. 22 Mar. 18 10. In 1829, he unsuccessfully 

(^) He was one of the Whigs, who, under the leadership of Pulteney, opposed 
Walpole. V.G. 

(•>) "Declines paying the fees." Note in the official list. V.G. 



DARNLEY 85 

claimed (by petition) the Dukedom of Lennox [S.], a: 1581, as heir general 
of Charles, the 6th Duke, who d. i6-j2. A Whig. He m., 19 Sep. 1791, 
at Lurgan, co. Armagh, Elizabeth, da. of the Rt. Hon. William Brownlow, 
of Lurgan, by his 2nd wife, Catherine, da. of Roger Hall, of Mount Hall, 
CO. Down. He d. 17 Mar. 1831, aged 63, at Cobham Hall.(^) His 
widow c/. 22 Dec. following, at Leamington. Both were iu>: at Cobham. 

V. 1831. 5. Edward (Bligh), Earl OF Darnley, {sfc. [I.], also 

Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), 2nd, but ist 
surv.C") s. and h., ^.25 Feb. 1795; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford; 
I St Class Classics and B.A. 18 16, M.A. 18 19; M.P. (Whig) for Canter- 
bury 1818-30; Lord Lieut, of co. Meath 1831-35; F.R.S. 2 May 1833. 
He m., 26 July 1825, at Abbeyleix, Emma Jane, 3rd da. of Henry Brooke 
(Parnell), 1st Baron Congleton, by Caroline Elizabeth, da. of John 
(Dawson), ist Earl of Portarlington [L]. He J. 11 Feb. 1835, from 
lock-jaw, by a wound from an axe, while felling timber, at Cobham Hall, 
aged nearly 40. His widow, who was l^. 7 Apr. 1804, d. 15 Mar. 1884, 
in her 80th year, at Brunswick Place, Brighton. Both were I'ur. at Cobham. 

VI. 1835. 6. John Stuart (Bligh), Earl of Darnley, tfc. [L], 

also Lord Clifton (of Leighton Bromswold), s. and h., 
b. 16 Apr. 1827, in Harley Str., Marylebone; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. 
Oxford, B.A. 1848, M.A. 1869; Hereditary High Steward of Gravesend 
and Milton. A Conservative. He m., 3 1 Aug. i 850, at St. Peter's, Pimlico, 
Harriet Mary, ist da. of Henry Thomas (PELHAM),3rd Earl of Chichester, 
by Mar)', da. of Robert (Brudenell), 6th Earl of Cardigan. He d. 
suddenly, of angina pectoris, at Clifton Lodge, near Athboy, co. Meath, 14, 
and was i>ur. 21 Dec. 1896, at Cobham, aged 69.('') His widow, who was 
b. 5 June 1829, <2'. at 21 Hill Str., Midx., 4, and was bur. 7 Sep. 1905, at 
Cobham, aged 76. Will pr. over ;/[ 10,000. 

VII. 1896. 7. Edward Henry Stuart (Bligh), Earl of 

Darnley, dfc. [I.], also Lord Clifton (of Leighton 
Bromswold), ist s. and h., i. 21 Aug. 1851, at Cobham Hall afsd.; stykd 
Lord Clifton till 1896; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford. A Conserva- 

(*) "He speaks often, but is a very indifferent speaker ... is of an amiable 
temper and disposition." {Sketches of Irish Political Character, I 799). His Irish estates 
are said, in 1799, to have been worth £\i),000 p.a. For a list of the largest resident 
Irish landlords at that date, see Appendix C to this volume. V.G. 

('') His elder br., John, d. an infant, in 1793. 

{'') In Sir Alfred Lyall's Life of Lord Dufferin, he is referred to, while at Eton, as 
" endowed with such a ready knack of turning out " Latin verses " that it would have 
been false economy not to employ him; and he appears to have supplied the universal 
demand." V.G. 



86 DARNLEY 

tive.(^) He ;«., 26 Jan. 1899, at St. Michael's, Chester Sq., Jemima Adeline 
Beatrice, one of the 4 children, b. before marriage, of Francis James 
Lindesay Blackwood, of Chelston Manor, Cockington, Devon, by Frances 
Adeline Asbury, widow, whom he subsequently w., 19 Apr. 1880, at the 
Registrar's office, Newton Abbot. He d. s.p.m., of dropsy and bronchitis, 
aged 49, at Cobham Hall, 30 Oct., and was bur. 3 Nov. 1900, at Cobham. 
He was sue. in the Barony of Clifton of Leighton Bromswold by his only 
da. See that title. His widow, who was b. 23 Mar. and reg. 7 June 1880, 
w., 3 Mar. 1902, at St. Paul's, Valetta, Malta, Commander Arthur C. 
Leveson, of H. M.S. "Canopus." 



VIII. 1900. 8. Ivo Francis Walter (Bligh), Earl OF Darnley 

[1725], ViscountDarnleyofAthboy [1723], and Baron 
Clifton of Rathmore [1721], all in the peerage of Ireland, br. and h. 
male, /S'. 13 Mar. 1859; ed. at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge. He 
established his right to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.], 12 Feb. 
1902; Rep. Peer [I.] (Conservative) 9 Mar. 1905. He m., 9 Feb. 1884, 
at Melbourne, Victoria, Florence Rose,('') da. of John Stephen Morphy, 
of Beechworth, Victoria, Australia. 



[EsME Ivo Bligh, styled 'Loko Clifton of Rathmore, ist s. and h., 
h. II Oct. 1886, in Melbourne. He ;«., 25 June 19 12, at St. Mary's, 
Westm., Daphne Rachel, da. of the Hon. Alfred Mulholland, of Worling- 
ham Hall, Beccles, Suffolk, by Mabel Charlotte, ist da. of Llewellyn 
Traherne Basset Saunderson, of Dromkeen, co. Cavan.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 9,309 acres in Kent, 
valued at ;/;20,ooi a year, and 25,463 acres in co. Meath, at ^^17,349 a 
year. Total, 34,772 acres, valued at ;^37,350 a year. Principal Residence.— 
Cobham Hall, near Gravesend, Kent. 



DARTFORD 

i.e. "ViLLiERS OF Dartford, Kent," Viscountcy (Villiers), cr. 1691; 
see "Jersey," Earldom of, cr. 1697. 

(*) He was a member of the Carlton Club, but afterwards became a Home 
Ruler. He never established his right to vote at the election of Rep. Peers [I.]. He 
was anxious to change his titles of "Earl of Darnley and Viscount Darnley of 
Athboy " to "Earl of Lune and Viscount Athboy." Lune is the Barony in co. 
Meath where the bulk of the Bligh estates are situated. V.G. 

C") She was a niece of Morphy, the celebrated chess-player. He is a well-known 
cricketer, played for Cambridge Univ., and captained an English team in Australia in 
1882-83. V.G. 



DARTMOUTH 87 

DARTMOUTH 

BARONY. Charles Fitz-Charles, illegit. s. of Charles II, was, 

28 July 1675, cr. BARON OF DARTMOUTH, VIS- 

I. 1675 COUNT TOTNESS and EARL OF PLYMOUTH. 

to He d. young, 17 Oct. 1680, when all his honours became 

1680. extinct; see "Plymouth," Earldom of, cr. 1675; extinct 

1680. 



II. 1682. I. George Legge,(") s. and h. of William L., 

Groom of the Bedchamber, and Treasurer of the Ordnance 
(who d. 13 Oct. 1670, being well known for his fidelity to Charles I), 
by Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Sir William Washington, of Packington, 
CO. Leicester, was b. 1647; ^d. at Westm. school, and at King's Coll. Cam- 
bridge; he fought at sea 1666, and was Capt. of the "Pembroke" i667;('') 
Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of York 1668-73, and Master of 
the Horse to him 1673-85; Lieut. Gov. of Portsmouth 1670-73, and Gov. 
1673-82; Lieut. Gen. of the Ordnance 1672-82; served both by sea and 
land, being at one time (1678) Gen. of the Artillery in Flanders, and at 
another (1683 and 1688) Admiral. He was M.P. (Tory) for Ludgershall 
1673-79, for Portsmouth 1679-81; Master Gen. of the Ordnance 1682-88; 
P.C. 3 Mar. 1681/2 toFeb. 1688/9. On 2 Dec. 1682, he was cr. BARON 
DARTMOUTH, of Dartmouth, co. Devon, ('^) with a spec, rem., failing 
the heirs male of his body, to his brother William Legge, and his issue 
in tail male. He was Adm. of the expedition sent to destroy Tangiers, 
1683, on the accomplishment of which he received a grant of ;^io,GOO. 
Master of the Trin. House 1683-85. By James II, on becoming King, 
he was continued in his office as Master of the Horse; Col. of the Royal 
Fusiliers 1685-89; Lord Lieut, of the Tower Hamlets and Constable of the 
Tower of London 1685-88, and Adm. of the Fleet 1688-89. Hewas nom. 
Chancellor of Cambridge Univ. by James II, i Dec. 1688, but was not 
elected. He was deprived of all his offices after the Revolution, and com- 
mitted to the Tower on suspicion of treason (^) in July 1 69 1 . He w., about 
Nov. i667,(^) Barbara, da. of Sir Henry Archbold, of Abbots Bromley, 

(") For the alleged humble origin of this and other peerage families, see note 
iub Craven. V.G. 

(*■) The Duke of York told Pepys that Legge " was, he knows not how, made 
a captain after he had been but one voyage at sea." V.G. 

("=) The preamble recites "the great merits" of his father, "in that unparalleled 
rebellion," ^c. 

i^) This charge is believed by Macaulay and Green, but the evidence thereof 
seems very weak. See A^. and 0., 6th Ser., vol. xi, p. 184. 

(') An amusing letter from him to his father, 28 Aug. 1667, is printed in 
Hist. MSS. Com., Dartmouth MSS., vol. i, p. 16. He was then with the Archbolds, 
and writes, " The old Ladye is very cautious of her daughter, and seems very fearful 



88 DARTMOUTH 

CO. Stafford. He d. after three months' imprisonment, " suddenly C) of a 
fit of apoplexy, his lady being in bed with him," 25, and was bur. 27 Oct. 
1691, at Trinity Minories, with his parents, aged 44.('') Admon. 21 Nov. 
and I Dec. 1691. His widows/. 28 Jan. 17 17/8, in her 68th year, and was 
bur. with him. M.I. Will dat. 20 May 1714, pr. 11 Feb. 1717/8. 



111. 1 69 1. 2 and I. William (Legge), Baron Dartmouth, 

s. and h., b. 14 Oct. 1672; ed. at Westm. school, and at 
EARLDOM. King's Coll. Cambridge; took his seat in the House of 
- Lords, 22 Nov. 1695. ^^» being a Tory, was one of the 

^ 7 1 1 • Lords for Trade and Plantations, June 1 702 to June 1 7 1 o ; 

P.C. 18 June 1702 to Sep. 17 14; Sec. of State for the 
South, June 17 10 to Aug. 1713; Joint Keeper of the Signet for Scotland 
1 7 10-13. On 5 Sep. 171 1 he was cr. VISCOUNT LEWISHAM,(«) of 
CO. Kent, and EARL OF DARTMOUTH; Privy Seal Aug. 1713 to 
Sep. 1 7 14, and, as such, one of the Lord Justices of the Realm, i Aug. 
to 18 Sep. 1 7 14, on the death of Queen Anne.('^) He w^., 18 July 1700, 
at Aylesford, Anne, 3rd da. of Heneage (Finch), ist Earl of Aylesford, 
by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir John Banks, Bart. He d. 15 Dec. 1750, at 
Blackheath, and was bur. from Greenwich at Trinity Minories afsd., aged 78. 
Will dat. 22 Jan. 1747, pr. 4 Jan. i750/i.(') His widow d. 30 Nov. 1751, 
and was bur. with him. Will dat. 23 Dec. 1750, pr. 1752. 

I shall incadge her affections before things are agreed, which truely I doe endeaver as 
much as in me lyeth tho the mother is seldom from us." On 4 Dec. 1667 Col. Nor- 
wood writes to Lord Dartmouth as if the marriage had then recently taken place. 
[ex inform. J. H. Round). V.G. 

(*) Luttrell's Diary. 

(*>) He is Jothran, in Absalom and Achitophel, part ii: — 

"'Mongst whom was Jothran, Jothran always bent 
To serve the crown and loyal by descent, 
Whose constancy so firm and conduct just 
Deserved at once two royal masters' trust." V.G. 

(•=) His father had purchased the manor of Lewisham, Kent, 1673. 

('^) See a list of these, sub William, Duke of Devonshire [1707]. Lord 
Dartmouth was, however, speedily displaced by the new King, who, on 24 Sep. 17 14, 
made the Marquess of Wharton Privy Seal in his room. 

if) Macky's character of him when "turned of 34 years old" (1706), with Dean 
Swift's commentary on Macky in italics is as follows. "He sets up for a critick in 
conversation, makes jests and loves to laugh at them; takes a great deal of pains in his 
office and is in a fair way of rising at Court; is a short thick man of a fair complexion. 
This is fair enough writ, but he has little sincerity." G.E.C. Prince Eugene 
describes Dartmouth, in 17 12, as "very pliable, a great stickler for the Tory party, 
but not much bred to business, of a tolerable sense, and easily led." Swift calls him 
" a man of letters, full of good sense, good nature and honour, of strict virtue and 
regularity in his life." V.G. 



DARTMOUTH 89 

[George Legge, styled from 171 1, Viscount Lewisham, s. and h. ap. 
Matric. at Oxford (Magd. Coll.) 22 Jan. 1719/20, then aged 15. He was 
M.P. (Tory) for Great Bedwyn 1727-29. He /«., about 27 Mar. 1722, 
Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Arthur Kaye, 3rd Bart., of Woodsome, co. 
York, by Anne, da. and coh. of Sir Samuel Marowe, Bart. He d. v.p., 
of the smallpox, 29 Aug. 1732, in Holies Str., Marylebone, and was 
bur. at Trinity Minories. His widow ;«., 24 Jan. 1735/6, as his 2nd 
wife, Francis (North), 3rd Baron, and afterwards (1752) ist Earl of 
Guilford, who d. 4 Aug. 1790, aged 86. She d. in London, 21 Apr., 
and was bur. i May 1745, at Wroxton, aged 38. Admon. 21 May 1745 
to her husband.! 



EARLDOM 
IL 



BARONY 
IV. 



2 and 3. William (Legge), Earl of Dart- 
mouth, yc, grandson and h., being 2nd(^) but 
1st surv. s. and h. of George Legge, styled 
'^ ' Viscount Lewisham, and Elizabeth, his wife, 
abovenamed. He was b. 20 June 1731, and 
bap. at St. Marylebone; matric. at Oxford (Trin. 
Coll.) 14 Jan. 1748/9; cr. M.A. 1751, and 
D.C.L. 28 Apr. 1756; F.R.S. and F.S.A., both 7 Nov. 1754; Recorder of 
Lichfield 1757; P.C. 26 July 1765; First Lord of Trade 1765-66, and 
1 772-75 ;('') Sec. for the Colonies, Aug. 1772 to Nov. I775;('') Privy Seal 
Nov. 1775 to Mar. 1782; Steward of the Household, Apr. to Dec. 1783; 
High Steward of the Univ. of Oxford 1786 till his death; Gov.of the Charter- 
house, &c. He m., 1 1 Jan. 1 755, at St. Geo. the Martyr, Queen Sq., Frances 
Catherine Gunter,('') only da. and h. of Sir Charles Gunter Nicoll, K.B., 

(^) His elder br., Arthur, d. 6 Oct. 1729, aged 2. V.G. 

{'') He began his political life as a " Rockingham " Whig, then became a 
member of Lord North's Cabinet, joined the Coalition in 1783, and after voting 
with the Whigs for several years, finally came over to Pitt. " He took a conspicuous 
but very unfortunate part during the American War." [Lecky). V.G. 

(■=) The Secretaryship for the Colonies was held in conjunction with the office 
of First Lord of Trade from 1768 till Nov. 1779. Horace Walpole writes of him, 
in 1772, as "extremely conscientious and delicate in his honour." As to his taste 
for "field preachers," see some satirical verse (1773) in vol. i, Appendix H. "His 
deep sentiments of religion " obtained for him " the nick-name of the Psa/m-iinger." 
(Wraxail's Memoirs, vol. iii, p. 268). As to his predilection for " the Taheryiacle" see 
vol. i, Appendix H afsd. The couplet of the poet Cowper in Truth with reference 
to him is well known : — 

" We boast some rich ones whom the Gospel sways, 
And one who wears a coronet and prays." G.E.C. and V.G. 

i^) Lord Dartmouth "is to be married to Miss Nicoll, with above ^^'100,000. 
She is pretty, and they say has been well brought up, and is good-humoured . . . 
I hope she will prove worthy of him, if she does, she must be very good." (Mrs. 
Delany, July 1754). On 31 Jan. i 756, the same writer says of her and her husband, 
" a happier pair I never saw. She is as good as he is." Sir Herbert Croft, in The 
Abbey of Kilkhampton, 1780, p. 94, pays a warm, if stilted, tribute to their virtue, 
amiability, and mutual affection. V.G. 

12 



90 



DARTMOUTH 



by Elizabeth (afterwards Duchess of Ancaster), da. of William Blundell, 
of Basingstoke. He d. at Blackheath, i 5 July, and was bur. 3 Aug. 1 801, at 
Trinity Minories, aged 70. Will pr. 1804. His widow d. in Charles Str., 
St. James's, Midx., 23 Feb., and was bur. 4 Mar. 1805, at Trinity Minories 
afsd., aged 72. Will pr. 1805. 



EARLDOM. 



BARONY. 
V. 



1801. 



3 and 4. George (Legge), Earl of Dart- 
mouth, fife, s. and h., b. 3, and bap. 26 Oct. 
1755, at Lewisham; ed. at Eton from 1771; 
matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 22 Oct. 1771, 
M.A. 1775, and D.C.L. 26 Oct. 1778; M.P. 
(Tory) for Plymouth 1778-80, for co. Stafford 
i78o-84;(=') F.R.S. 3 May 1781; Lord of the 
Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales 1782-83; Lord Warden of the 
Stannaries 1783-98; F.S.A. 18 Mar. 1784; P.C. 17 Mar. 1801; Pres. of 
the India Board 1801-02. He was sum. to Pari, by writ v.p.^ 15 June 1801, 
in his father's Barony of Dartmouth, but never took his seat therein, as he 
sue. to the Earldom a few weeks later; Lord Steward of the Household 
I 802-04; Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1 804-10; nom. and inv. K.G, 
27 May 1805, but never installed. He w., 24 Sep. 1782, at her mother's 
house in Grosvenor Sq., Midx., Frances, 2nd da. of Heneage (Finch), 
3rd Earl of Aylesford, by Charlotte, da. of Charles (Seymour), Duke of 
Somerset. He d. at Dawlish, Devon, 10, and was bur. 24 Nov. 18 10, at 
Trinity Minories, aged ^^c,. Will pr. 18 10. His widow, who was b. in 
Grosvenor Sq., 9 Feb., and bap. 8 Mar. 1761, d'. 21 Nov. 1838, at Black- 
heath, aged 77. Will pr. Dec. 1838. 



EARLDOM. 

IV. 

BARONY. 
VI. 

istly, 5 Apr. 1 82 1, 



4 and 5. William (Legge), Earl of Dart- 
mouth, yc, s. and h., b. 29 Nov. 1784, in the 
par. of St. Geo., Han. Sq.; ed. at Eton;('') matric. 

^^°- at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 3 May 1802, B.A. 1805; 
cr. D.C.L. 13 June 1834. M.P. (Tory) for 
Milborne Port, Jan. to Nov. i8io.('=) F.S.A. 
22 June 1820; F.R.S. 7 Nov. 1822. He w., 

at Cirencester, Frances Charlotte, ist da. of Charles 



(») He, like his father, joined the North-Fox Coalition, and was one of " Fox's 
Martyrs" in 1784 (see Appendix A to this vol.); later on he reverted to the 
Tories. V.G. 

C>) A beautiful portrait of him by Reynolds, as a singularly handsome youth, is 
at Eton College, he having presented it to the Headmaster when leaving school. 
The following [poetical ?] description of him, as an Eton boy (presumably meant in 
his praise), was written by the Earl of Carlisle, a contemporary Etonian. 
" Mild as the dew, that whitens yonder plain, 
Legge shines serenest 'midst your youthful train." 

G.E.C. and V.G. 

(') He followed Wellington when he changed his views on Cath. Emancipation, 

and was one of the 22 "Stalwarts" who voted against the 3rd reading of the Reform 



DARTMOUTH 



91 



(Chetwynd-Talbot), 2nd Earl Talbot, by Frances Thomasine, da. of 
Charles Lambart. She, who was b. 17 May 1801, d. suddenly, at Ingestre, 
CO. Stafford, 4, and was bur. 18 Oct. 1823, at Trinity Minories, aged 
12.(^) He m., 2ndlv, 25 Oct. 1828, at Florence, F"rances, 2nd da. of 
George (Barrington), 5th Viscount Barrington [I.], by Elizabeth, 
da. of Robert Adair. She, who was b. 20 Oct. 1802, J. i i Aug. 1849, 
in St. James's Sq., Midx., and was bur. at Trinity Minories. He d. 
22 Nov. 1853, at Patshull, co. Stafford, in his 69th year. Will pr. 
Feb. 1854. 

[George Legge, styled Viscount Lewisham, s. and h. ap. by ist wife, 
b. 10 June 1822, in Berkeley Sq., d. an infant, v.p., and was bur. at Trinity 
Minories, 18 Oct. 1823, with, and on the same day as, his mother.] 



BARONY 
VII. 



1853- 



EARLDOM. 1 5 and 6. William Walter (Legge), Earl 

OF Dartmouth, i^c, 2nd, but ist surv. s. and 
h. by ist wife, b. 12 Aug. 1823, at Sandwell 
Park; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 
20 Oct. 1841, B.A. 1844, M.A. 1847; M.P. 
(Conservative) for South Staffordshire 1849-53; 
Lord Lieut, of co. Stafford 1887-91. He m., 
9 June 1846, at St. James's, Westm., Augusta, ist da. of Heneage (Finch), 
5th Earl of Aylesford, by Augusta Sophia, da. of George (Greville), 2nd 
Earl Brooke and Earl of W^arwick. He d. 4 Aug. 1891, aged 67, at 
40 Grosvenor Sq., and was bur. at Patshull. His widow, who was b. 
18 Feb. 1822, d. from a fall, at Woodsom Hall, near Huddersfield, i, and 
was bur. 4 Dec. 1900, at Patshull. Will pr. over ^^ 7,000 gross and 
over ;£5,ooo net. 



VI. 

BARONY 
VIII. 



EARLDOM. \ 6 and 7. William Heneage (Legge), Earl 

OF Dartmouth [171 i]. Viscount Lewisham 
[171 1], and Baron Dartmouth [1682], ist s. 
9'- and h., b. 6 May 1 851, at 31 Hill Str., Berkeley 
Sq.; 5/y/(?d' Viscount Lewisham 1853-91; ed. at 
Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 19 May 1869; 
M.P. (Conservative) for West Kent 1878-85, 
and for Lewisham 1885-91, being for several years the Conservative 
"Whip" in the House of Commons; P.C. 27 June 1885; Vice Chamb. 
of the Household June 1885 to Feb. 1886, and Aug. 1886 to Nov. 1 8 9 1 ; 
Lord Lieut, of Staffordshire 1891. Hew., 18 Dec. 1879, at Holkham, 
Norfolk, Mary, 4th da. of Thomas William (Coke), 2nd Earl of 



Bill, 4 June 1832, after Wellington and the great bulk of the opposition had decided 
to abstain. For a list of these see vol. iii. Appendix I. He took a lively interest in 
the Volunteer service. V.G. 

(') " In person she was among the tallest of our female nobility." V.G. 



92 DARTMOUTH 

Leicester of Holkham, by his ist wife, Juliana, da. of Samuel Charles 
Whitbread, of Cardington, Beds. She was b. at Holkham, i8, and bap. 
there 23 Dec. 1849. 

[William Legge, styled, since 1891, Viscount Lewisham, ist s. and 
h. ap.; b. 22 Feb. 1881, at ^s Manchester Str.; ed. at Eton. He m., 7 Dec. 
1905, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Ruperta, 3rd da. of Charles Robert (Wynn- 
Carrington), 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, by Cecilia Margaret, ist 
da. of Charles (Harbord), 5th Lord Suffield. She was b. 19 July 1883.] 

Fatnily Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 8,024 acres in the West 
Riding of Yorks; 7,316 in co. Stafford; 2,195 '" Bucks; 1,096 in Salop; 
454 in Sussex; 391 in Kent (these last being then worth ;/^ 10,470 a year, 
and presumably in 191 5 much more), and 42 (worth ;^3,350 a year) in 
Midx. Total, 19,518 acres, worth ^58,657 a year. Principal Residence. — 
Patshull Hall, near Wolverhampton, co. Stafford. 

DARTREY OF DAWSON'S GROVE 

BARONY [L] I. Thomas Dawson was, 28 May 1770, cr. BARON 

T ,_„ DARTREY OF DAWSON'S GROVE, CO. Monaghan 

• ''° [L], and on 19 June 1785, VISCOUNT CREMORNE 

to [L]. He was, 20 Nov. 1797, fr. BARON CREMORNE 

J g OF CASTLE DAWSON, co. Monaghan [L], with a spec. 

"^' rem. He d. s.p.s., 1 Mar. 1 8 13, when this Barony (as well 

as the Viscountcy, but not the Barony of Cremorne) 

became extinct. See fuller particulars under " Cremorne," Viscountcy [I.], 

cr. 1785; extinct 18 13. 



DARTREY 

BARONY. I. Richard (Dawson), Baron Cremorne of Castle 

J g Dawson, co. Monaghan [I.], 2nd but only surv.('') s. and 

h. of Richard Thomas, 2nd Baron Cremorne of Castle 
FARI DOM Dawson [I.], by Anne Elizabeth Emily, da. of John 

Whaley, of Whaley Abbey, co. Wicklow (which Richard 
L 1866. Thomas sue. his uncle Thomas, Viscount Cremorne, 

Baron Dartrey, i^c. [L], abovenamed, in the Barony 
of Cremorne of Castle Dawson [I.], under the spec. lim. in the 
creation thereof, 20 Nov. 1797), was b. 7 Sep. 18 17, at Ballyfin, Queen's 
County, the house of Sir Charles Coote; sue. his father in the Peerage 
[L], 21 Mar. 1827; and being a Liberal,('') was on 20 Sep. 1847, '^^• 

(*) His elder br., h. 1815, d'. an infant. V.G. 

C>) He voted against the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1 868, and for 
it in 1869. In 1886 Gladstone's conversion to Home Rule proved too great a 
strain on his party loyalty, and he became a Liberal Unionist. V.G. 



DARTREY 93 

BARON DARTREY, of Dartrey, co. Monaghan. K.P. 22 Feb. 1855. 
He was a Lord in Waiting 1857-58 and 1859-66. On 12 July 
1866, he was cr. EARL OF DARTREY. Lord Lieut, of co. Monaghan 
1871-97. He m. (spec, lie), 12 July 1841, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Augusta, 2nd da. of Edward Stanley, of Cross Hall, co. Lancaster, by 
Mary, da. of James (Maitland), 8th Earl of Lauderdale [S.]. She, 
who was b. 10 June 1823, d. 9 Aug. 1887, at 30 Curzon Str., Mayfliir, and 
was bur. at Dartrey, aged 64. Will pr. 2 Sep. 1887, over ^6,600. He </. 
12 May 1897, at 23 Eaton Sq., Midx., and was bur. at Dartrey, aged 79. 
Will pr. at ;{:245,886 [E. and I.].(0 



n. 1897. 2. Vesey (Dawson), Earl of Dartrey [1866], and 

Baron Dartrey [i 847], also Baron Cremorne of Castle 
Dawson [L 1797], ist s. and h.; b. 22 Apr. 1842, in Hanover Sq., Midx.; 
styled Lord Cremorne 1866-97; ed. at Eton; sometime Lieut. Col. Cold- 
stream Guards, retiring in 1876; M.P. (Liberal) for co. Monaghan 1865- 
68,('') and High Sheriff thereof 1878. He established his right to vote 
at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] 6 July 1897. He m., 29 Aug. 1882, at 
St. Michael's, Coxwold, Julia Georgiana Sarah, ist da. of Sir George Orby 
Wombwell, 4th Bart., by Julia Sarah Alice, da. of George Augustus 
Frederic (Villiers), 6th Earl of Jersey. She was b. 18 June 1862, at 
13 Lowndes Sq.('=) 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 17,732 acres in co. 
Monaghan, 8,918 in co. Waterford, 1,665 i" ^o- Armagh, 1,792 in co. 
Louth, besides 5 (worth £,%^ a year) in Devon. Total, 30,112 acres, 
worth ;^2 1 ,699 a year. Principal Residence. — Dartrey House, near Cootehill, 
CO. Monaghan. 



DAUBENEYC^) 



I. Sir Ralph d'Aubigne, or d'Aubeney,^) of South Ingleby, co. 
Lincoln, Seigneur de Landal in Brittany, yr. br. and h. of Philip 
d'Aubigne, of Ingleby (who d. before 20 Dec. I2 24),(^ and s. of Ralph 



(^) " A model landlord and country gentleman, as also one of the best 
amateur chess players." [Morning Post, 14 May 1897). V.G. 

C") He became a Unionist in I 886, and voted against the Budget of I 909. V.G. 

(<=) Their only s., Richard George Dawson,/-. 14 Nov. 1890, (/. 30 July 1894. V.G. 

(-J) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

if) The undifFerenced arms of this family were, Gules, a fesse fusilly, or 4 fusils 
conjoined in fesse, Ardent. Aubigne is in the bishopric of Rennes, Landal in that 
of Del. 

(«) Patent Rolls, 5 Hen. Ill, m. 4; 9 Hen. Ill, m. 6; 11 Hen. Ill, m. 9: Close 



Roll, 9 Hen. Ill, p. 



94 DAUBENEY 



d'Aubign^, of Ingleby,(") by Mahet or Maud, da. and h. of William 
DE MoNTSoREL, ScIgncur de Landal-C") He was a minor, I2 Oct. 
I229.(<=) Was nephewandh.of Philipd'Aubigne(who^. j./).,inthe Holy 
Land, 1236, and was bur. there),('^) of South Petherton, Barrington, and 
Chillington, Somerset, sometime Warden of the Channel Islands, who 
gave him Petherton, of which he had livery, having done homage, 
7 Dec. 1 234.('=) He was not yet a knight, 1 5 Aug. i I'Sfl-i^) Was with the 
King in Gascony in 1253. ("=) In 1276 he quitclaimed to the King, for 
100 marks, all his rights in the honour of Monmouth. (') He was on 
the King's service in Wales in 1277 and in 1282.(6) He was sum. for 
Military Service, 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I, and to attend the King 
at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, by writs directed Radulfo 
de A!bimaco.(^) He w. Isabel. He d'. shortly before 25 Jan. i29i/2.(') 
His widow was living 4 Aug. I294.(^) 

2. Sir Philip d'Aubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, 
Barrington, i^'c, Seigneur de Landal, s. and h. He was sum. for Military 



(^) His lands in England were taken into the King's hand, and in 1206 William 
d'Aubeney [of Belvoir] obtained the custody of Ingleby, which was of William's fee. 
{Fine Roll, 7 Joh., m. 5: Close Roll, m. i). On 17 Apr. 1 227 Philip d'Aubeney was 
ordered to give to Maud, widow of his br. Ralph, her dower in Ingleby. {Close Roll, 
II Hen. Ill, m. 13). 

C") Ralph d'Aubien^ confirmed to the Abbey of La Vieuville all that " Guillelmus 
de Montsorel pater uxoris mee antequam filiam ejus haberem uxorem dederat de terra sua 
de Villa Alent . . . volente et annuente Mahet uxore mea per quam terram possidebam." 
Mahet afterwards m. John Paynel, a Norman, and in 1228, "Ego Matildis domina de 
Landal vidua post decessum nobilis viri Joannis de Paganello mariti mei " made a 
donation to God and the blessed Virgin Mary of Tronchet. (Du Paz, Plusieurs 
Maisons illustres de Bretagne, h, pp. 452, 455). 

(<=) Patent Rolls, 13 Hen. Ill, ;?!. 2; 37 Hen. Ill, m. 1 1 d: Close Roll, 19 Hen. Ill, 
m.22: Charter Roll, 16 Hen. Ill, w. 19. 

i^) M. Paris, vol. iii, p. 373. Philip was given in marriage, in I200-I, the widow 
of William de Buketot. {Norman Roll, 2 Joh., Oblations, m. 3 d). 

(e) " MCCXLVII ... in festo Assumpcionis beate Marie . . . Radulphus de 
Albigneio dominus de Landal qui tunc non erat miles presentavit [Comiti Britannic] 
pro se et domino Episcopo [Dolense] duos milites." (Du Paz, b, p. 455: Dom Morice, 
Preuves, vol. i, c. 931). He is called valettus in 1242/3. {Assi7.e Roll, no. 756, m. 25). 

(') Release dated in the Pari, at Westm. 7 May, quitclaim dated Saturday before 
St. Dunstan [16 May], 4 Edw. I. {Close Roll, 4 Edw. I, m. 13 d: Patent Roll, 
8 Edw. I, m. 28). 

(«) Pari. Writs, vol. i, p. 210: Welsh Roll, lo Edw. I, m. 6 d. 

1^) As to the writ of 1283, see Preface. 

(') "Radulfus de Albiniaco." Writ oi diem cl. ext. 25 Jan. 20 Edw. I. Inq., 
Somerset, Wednesday before the Purification [30 Jan.] 1291/2. "Dominus 
Philippus de Albaniaco filius predicti Radulfi est propinquior heres ejusdem Radulfi 
qui nunc est de etate qua^raginta annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, 
file 61, no. 23). 

(J) Inq. of that date. See note " e " on next page. 



DAUBENEY 



95 



Service, 14 Mar. (1282/3) 1 1 Edw. I, and to attend the King at Shrews- 
bury, 28 June (1283) 1 1 Edw. I, by writs directed Philippo de Albimaco.(^) 
A banneret, Feb. 1283/4. ('') He did homage and had livery, 3 July 
I2 85,('') of the lands, co. Somerset, of his br., William, who d. s.p.{^) Aged 
40 and more at his father's death. He did homage and had livery of his 
father's lands, 3 Feb. i29i/2.('^) He d. j.^., shortly before 16 July 
1294.C) 



BARONY BY 3. Sir Heli^, or Elis, Daubeney, of South Ingleby, 
WRIT. South Petherton, ^c. Seigneur de Landal, next br. and 

T ,,of ^'J ^S^'^ ^^ ^""^ more, or 30 and more, at his brother's 

"-"* death. He did homage and had livery of his brother's lands, 

26 Aug. 1294.0 He was in the Army of Wales, in the 
retinue of William de Valence, in 1294,(8) and was sent to Scotland on 
special affairs by the Earl of Surrey in June 1297.(8) Having been l>. 
beyond seas, he was naturalized in I295.('") He was sum. for Military 
Service from 16 Dec. (1295) 24 Edw. I to 7 Nov. (1302) 30 Edw. I, to 
attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, and to Parl.(') 
from 24 June (1295) 23 Edw. I to 22 Jan. (1304/5) 23 Edw. I, by writs 
directed E/ye de Albiniaco or Daubeny, whereby he is held to have become 
LORD DAUBENEY.(0 He w^. 'joan. He d. shortly before 8 Apr. 

(») As to the writ of 1283, see Preface. 

('') Exch., K.R., Accounts, 4, no. 8. 

(') Fine Rolls, 13 Edw. I, w. 6; 20 Edw. I, m. 13. 

{^) "Willelmus de Albiniaco." Writ oi diem cl. ext. 4 June 13 Edw. I. Inq., 
Somerset, Monday after SS. Peter and Paul [2 July] 1285. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, 
file 41, no. i). 

(') "Philippus de Albinyaco." Writ o^ diem cl. ext. 16 July 22 Fdw. I. Inq., 
COS. Somerset (2), Cornwall, Lincoln, Wednesday, Saturday, and Mond:iy (2), before 
St. Lawrence [4, 7, 9 Aug.] 1294. "Elias de AlbiniaLO frater prcdicti Ihilippi 
est propinquior heres ejusdem Philippi qui est de etate triginta [xxvj — :o. Lincoln] 
annorum et amplius [plene etatis — co. Co7-nwall'\.'" He held the manors of South 
Petherton, Barrington, and Chillington, I fee, and Kilmersdon, ^ fee, co. Somerset, 
of the King in chief; South Ingleby, co. Lincoln [in socage], of the honour of Belvoir; 
Fawton, is'c, 1*5 fee, co. Cornwall, of the Earl of Cornwall. (Ch. Inq. />. m., 
Edw. I, file 68, no. 5). 

Fine Roll, 22 Edw. I, m. 7. 

(8) Welsh Roll, 14-23 Edw. I, mm. 3 d, 2 d: Patent Roll, 25 Ecw. I, p. I, m. 4. 

C") On account of the laudable services of Elis Daubeny and of his ancestors, 
the King conceded "quod ipse Elias de cetero in quibuscumque curiis suis Anglie 
audiatur ut Anglicus Et quod sibi respondeatur ut Anglico Et quod non repellatur 
per illam excepcionem quod alienigena est et natus in partibus transmarinis Quia 
dominus Rex ipsum Elyam Anglicum purum tenet." {Pari. Roll, Exch., no. 10, m. i d). 

(') He was sum. to the Pari, held at Lincoln in 29 Edw. I, but did not take part 
in the Barons' Letter to the Pope. 

(') As to the writ of 1296/7 see Preface, and as to how far these early writs of 
summons did in fact create any peerage dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 



96 



DAUBENEY 



i3°5-0 His widow had livery of her dower and of the manor of South 
Ingleby, 12 May I305,('') and licence to marry whom she would, 28 Apr. 
i3o6.('') She m. Roland de Combar, a Breton, before 9 Apr. 1307, at 
which date the said lands had been taken into the King's hand, because 
Roland had fled from justice when indicted of divers felonies. ('') 

4. Sir Ralph Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, (^c, 
s. and h., b. 3 Mar. 1304/5. On 2 July 1323 the King notified to the 
Duke of Brittany, the Bishop of Dol, and all others, that Ralph was heir 
of Elis.('=) Having proved his age, the King took his homage, and he 
had livery of his father's lands, 21 June 1326. ('^) Was knighted and had 
robes as a banneret, 16 Jan. 1 326/7. (") He was sum. for Military Service 
against the Scots, 27 Mar. (1335) 9 Edw. Ill, and to a Council, 25 Feb. 
(1341/2) 16 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Radulfo Daubeny or Daubeney. 
He was taken prisoner by the Scots, and was not released till after 6 Oct. 
i337-(0 W^s in the King's division at the battle of Crecy, being in 
the retinue of the Bishop of Durham, Q and was at the siege of Calais 
in the retinue of the Earl of Huntingdon.Q He m., istly, before 

(*) "Elyas de Albiniaco." Writ oi diem cl. ext. 8 Apr. 33 Edw. I. Inq., co. 
Lincoln, 20 Apr. 1305. "... quidam Radulfus de Albiniaco est iilius dictorum Elie 
et Johanne et eorum heres propinquior et est etatis septem septimanarum." Inq., 
Somerset, 24, 26 Apr. 1305. "Radulfus de Albiniaco filius predict! Elie est heres 
ejusdem propinquior qui nascebatur iij° die Marcii ultimo preterite." (Ch. Inq. p. m.y 
Edw. I, file 120, no. 2). 

1^) Close Roll, 33 Edw. I, m. 13: Patent Rolls, 34 Edw. I, m. 27; 35 Edw. I, 
m. 11. Elis and Joan had been jointly enfeoffed of the manor of South Ingleby. 

(■=) Patent Roll, 16 Edw. II,/>. 2,m.2. But William Daubeney (probably Ralph's 
twin br.) succeeded to the estates in Brittany. This William was knighted in Jan. 
1326/7. He was an attorney in England for the Duke of Brittany, 1336-40, and 
Steward of his Earldom of Richmond. The King granted him the reversion of the 
manors of Kempston, Beds, and Tottenham, Middlesex, for life, 2 Nov. 1333, and 
in fee, 19 Mar. 1336/7. He m. Philippe, and had licence to be jointly enfeoffed with 
her of 3 of these manors, 15 June 1344. He lost, for a time, his lands in Brittany. 
As seigneur de Landal, he made a grant to the Abbey of La Vieuville on Friday 
after St. Mark [27 Apr.] 1358, with the consent " de Philippe nostre tres chere et 
bien aimee compagne et de Mahaud nostre fiUe." He d. in Apr. 1370, Thursday 
the vigil of the Annunciation [24 Mar. was a Monday] 1370/1, or 6 Dec. 137 i, 
according to different inquisitions, at Trenay [near St. Neot], Cornwall: leaving a 
da. and h., Maud, aged 26 and more or 30 and more in 1374, and then the wife 
of Olivier de Montauban, chr.. Seigneur de Montauban in Brittany. She was heir to 
Landal and to lands in Aubign6, and was living 29 May 1388. Philippe lost her 
inheritance in Brittany, and was living in England 22 Sep. 1373. {Patent Rolls, 
7-47 Edw. Ill: Accounts, as in note "e" below: Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 237, 
no. 21: Du Paz, b, pp. 456-459, 541: Anselme, vol. iv, p. 79). 

C^) Close Roll, 19 Edw. II, m. 4. 

(^) Accounts of Thomas de Vseflete, Clerk of the King's Great Wardrobe, Exch., 
K.R., Accounts, 382, no. 7. 

Patent Roll, II Edw. Ill, />. 3, m. 31: French Rolls, 20 Edw. Ill, p. I, 
m. 14 d; 21 Edw. Ill, p, 2, m. 25. 



DAUBENEY 97 

27 Jan. 1332/3,0 Alice, ist da. of Sir William de Montagv, of Shepton 
Montague, Somerset [Lord Montagu-], by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Piers de 
MoNTFORT, of Beaudesert, co. WarwidcC") He m., 2ndly, before 8 Feb. 
i345/6,('') Katherine, 3rd sister and in her issue coh. of Thomas de 
Thweng, clerk, of Thwing and Kilton, co. York, and da. of Sir Marmaduke 
de Thweng [Lord Thweng], by Isabel, da. of Sir William de Ros, of 
Ingmanthorpe, in that co. She J. between 20 Apr. 1364 and 28 May I374.('*) 
He was living 18 Aug. 1371,0 and (it is stated) in Dec. 1378. (') 

5. Sir Giles Daubenev, of South Ingleby, South Pethcrton, tfc, s. 
and h., by ist wife. On 14 Oct. 1351 he had letters stating that, though 
born out of the King's allegiance, he might nevertheless enjoy his inherit- 
ance. (*) In Oct. 1357 he bought the manors of Kempston, Beds, and 
Tottenham, Middlesex, from William Daubcney and Philippe his wife, 
for 200 marks. O Sheriffof Beds and Bucks, 1379-80. Knight of the Shire 
for Somerset, 1382, 1383, and 1384. He w., soon after 5 Jan. 1358/9,0 
Alianore, da. of Sir Henry de Wilington, of Umberleigh, Devon, 
Poulton, CO. Gloucester, fsPc, by Isabel, da.(') of Sir John de Wai.esbreu, 
of Lamellen and Lancarfe, Cornwall. He d. 24 June 1386, at Barrington, 



(') By a fine, levied in the quinzaine of St. Hilary 6 Edw. Ill [6/7 Edw. Ill], 
Ralph Daubeney conveyed the manor of South Ingleby and the advowson of the 
church of Broxholme, co. Lincoln, to himself and Alice his wife and the heirs of his 
body, rem. to his right heirs. {Feet of Finei, case 138, file loi, no. 34). 

(•>) Cartulary of St. Fridawlde\, vol. ii, pp. 9, 15: Patent Roll, 3 Ric. II, 
i>. 3, m. 23. 

(■=) Ralph Daubene chr. to convey the manor of Kilmersdon to himself and 
Katherine his wife and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to his right heirs. Writ 8 Feb. 
20 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. q. d. Saturday the Feast of the Annunciation [25 Mar.] 1346 
(file 280, no. 27), licence 15 July 1346 [Patent Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 15). 

(d) Patent Roll, 38 Edw. Ill, p. I, //;. 28: Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Thomas de 
Thweng), Edw. Ill, file 239, no. 68. She left an only da. and h., Elizabeth, who 
m., before 11 June 1369, Sir William de Botreaux, of Boscastle, Cornwall. 
[Inq. a. q. d., file 370, no. 19: Cloie Roll, 51 Edw. Ill, m. 7: Patent Roll, 
12 Hen. IV, m. 15). See Botreaux and Thweng. 

(') At which date licence was given for him to enfeoff Giles his son of the manor 
of South Petherton. [Patent Roll, 45 Edw. III,/. 2, m. 26). 

(') Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Edward, Prince of Wales), Ric. II, file 7, mm. 4, 5. 

(*) Patent Roll, 25 Edw. Ill, />. I, m. 15. 

C") Licence 10 Aug. 1357 [Patent Roll, 31 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 8), fine levied in 
the quinzaine of St. Michael 31 Edw. Ill [Feet of Fines, case 287, file 45, no. 536). 

(') Giles Daubeneye chr. to convey g of the manors of Kempston and Totten- 
ham to himself and Alianore, da. of Henry de Wylyngton, and the heirs of their bodies, 
rem. to his own right heirs. Writs 4 Dec. 32 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. q. d., Middlesex, 
Beds, Tuesday after St. Lucy and Monday the vigil of the Circumcision [18,31 Dec] 
1358 (file 329, no. 4, file 328, no. 6), licence 5 Jan. 1358/9 [Patent Roll, 32 Edw. Ill, 
*. 2, m. 7). 

(J) Sir William Pole, De-.(,n Collections, p. 422. 

'3 



98 DAUBENEY 

Somerset. (•') His widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, 8 Aug. 
1386. ('') She d. 6 Aug. I400,(<=) and was bur. at Kempston. 

6. Sir Giles Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, &?c., s. 
and h., b. in or shortly before Nov. 1370, probably at Kempston. When he 
had proved his age, the King took, his homage and fealty, and he had livery 
of his father's lands, i Dec. I39i.('') On 12 Sep. 1400 his homage was 
respited, the escheator in co. Beds being ordered to take his fealty, and he 
had livery of one-third of the manor of Kempston, which his mother had 
held for lifeiQ the next day he had livery of the lands which she had held 
in dower.Q Knight of the Shire for Beds, 1394/5 and 1400. He was 
knighted by the King on the eve of the Coronation, 12 Oct. 1399, at the 
Tower.(') He ni. Margaret (said to have been da. of Sir John Beauchamp). 
He d. 22 Aug. I403,(«) and was bur. at Kempston. Will dat. at Kempston, 

(*) "Egidius Daubenay chivaler." Writs of d'lem cl. ext. 28 June 10 Ric. II. 
Inq., COS. Lincoln, Notts, Beds, Cornwall, Somerset, Monday and Wednesday after 
the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, Tuesday before St. Margaret, Tuesday 
before St. James [9, 11, 17, 24 July], and 25 July 1386. "Et quod dictus 
Egidius obiit [apud Barington' in comitatu Somers' — cos. Lincoln, Notts] die dominica 
in festo Nativitatis sancti Johannis Baptiste [xxiiij'" die mensis Junii — co. Somerset'] 
ultimo preterite Et quod Egidius filius predict! Egidii Daubenay chivaler est iilius 
et heres ejus propinquior et est de etate xv [xvj — cos. Corn-wall, Somerset] annorum et 
amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 44, no. 12). 

(I') Writs de dote assignanda 8 Aug. {Close Roll, ID Ric. II, m. 41). Further 
writs (Somerset) 23 Nov. 10 Ric. II and 29 June 12 Ric. II. Assignments, 
Somerset, 16 Aug. 1386 and 6 July 1388. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 44, no. 12, 
file 54, no. 17). 

("=) " Alianora que fuit uxor Egidii Daubeney militis defuncti." Writs of diem 
cl. ext. 8 Aug. I Hen. IV. Inq., Beds, 1 2 Aug. 1 400. " Et dicunt quod dicta Alianora 
obiit vj" die Augusti ultimo preterite Et dicunt quod Egidius Daubeney chivaler 
filius predicti Egidii patris defuncti ... est filius et heres predicte Alianore propinquior 
et etatis xxviij'" annorum et amplius." Inq., cos. Notts, Lincoln, 21 Aug. and 
Tuesday after the Decollation of St. John the Baptist [31 Aug.] 1400. Same date 
of death. Inq., Somerset, Cornwall, 18 Aug. and Friday before the Nativity of the 
Virgin [3 Sep.] 1400. ". . . predicta Alianora obiit die veneris proximo ante 
festum sancti Laurencii Martiris proximo preteritum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. IV, 
file 14, no. 54: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 72, no. 3). 

("*) Close Roll, 15 Ric. II, m. 24. This is, however, merely the style of the 
Chancery in letters close to escheators. His fealty was actually taken by the Chan- 
cellor, the Archbishop of York. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 530, no. 7738). He had proved 
his age before the escheator in co. Beds. 

(«) Fine Roll, I Hen. IV , p. i, „i. 4: Close Roll, 1 Hen. \W , p. 2, m. b. 

(*) Chron. of London, edit. Kingsford, p. 48. 

(e) "Egidius Daubeney chivaler." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 24 Aug. 4 Hen. IV. 
Inq., cos. Beds, Lincoln, Somerset, Cornwall, Notts, 3 Sep., Saturday the Nativity 
of the Virgin [8 Sep.], 12 Sep., and Thursday before, and the vigil of, the Exaltation 
of the Cross [13, 13 Sep.] 1403. "Et quod idem Egidius obiit vicesimo secundo 
die Augusti ultimo preterito [die Mercurii proximo ante restum sancti Bartholomei 



DAUBENEY 99 

I June 1400, pr. 19 Nov. i403.(*) His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 24 Sep. I403.('') She d. 30 June i420,('^) and was bur. at 
Kempston. 

7. John Daubeney, s. and h., aged 9 and more at his father's death. 
He m. (bond dat. i July i409),('') Elizabeth, da. of Sir Roger le Scrope, of 
Bolton, CO. York [Lord Scrope], by Margaret, ist da. and coh. of Sir 
Robert de Tibetot, of Nettlestead, Suffolk, Langar, Notts, fife. [Lord 
Tibetot]. He d. 24 Sep. 1409.Q His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, i Apr. 1410.0 She ;//. (pardon for marrying without lie, 
29 May i4ii),(«) Thomas Goldington (s. and h. of John Goldington, 
of Springfield, Essex, and Thele, Herts), who was aged 13 and more, 
or 15 and more, in July 141 9, C") and d. s.p., 17 Feb. 1420/1.0 



Ap^ostoli ultimo preteritum — co. Cornwall^ et quod Johannes filius predict! Egidii est 
heres ejus propinquior ct etatis novem annorum et amplius." (Cli. Inq. p. m., Hen. IV, 
file 35, no. 23: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 81, no. 2). 

P.C.C., 5 Marche, f. 34 r and v. ". . . corpusque meuin ad sepelliendum 
in porticu ecclesie de Kempston'." 

(•») Writs df dote assignanda 24 Sep. {Close Roll, 4 Hen. IV, mm. 2, i). 
(■=) " Margareta que fuit uxor Egidii Daubeney chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
6 July 8 Hen. V. Inq., cos. Beds, Lincoln, Somerset, Cornwall, Notts, Saturday the 
Feast of St. Margaret, Wednesday after St. James, Tuesday after St. Laurence [20, 
31 July, 13 Aug.], 24 Aug., and the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross [14 Sep.] 
1420. "Et dicunt quod eadem Margareta . . . obiit ultimo die Junii ultimo 
preterito . . . Et dicunt quod predictus Egidius Daubeney miles adhuc superstcs tarn 
filius et heres predict! Egidii quam prefate Margarete ... est filius et heres dicte 
Margarete . . . propinquior et est etatis xxv annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. 
Hen. V, file 50, no. 83: Exch. Inq. />. m., I, file 1 19, no. 5). 

By this recognizance Henrv FitzHugh chr. was bound to pay 300 marks 
to Margaret, late the wife of Giles Daubeney chr., and others, "et hoc in parte 
solucionis pro maritagio Johannis Daubeney filii dicte Margarete et heredi[s] Egidii 
nuper domini de Daubeney ad ipsum maritandum Elizabethe filie domini Roger! 
Lescrop' nuper domini de Bolton'." (Deed enrolled on Close Roll, ID Hen. IV, 
m. 8 d). This Elizabeth is not mentioned in the elaborate pedigree of Scrope, by 
Sir Harris Nicolas. 

(«) "Johannes Daubeney filius et heres Egidii Daubeney defuncti." Writs of 
devenerunt 28 Sep. 10 Hen. IV. Inq., cos. Beds, Lincoln, Somerset, Notts, 
Monday before, and Monday after (2), St. Luke, and Monday the Feast of SS. Simon 
and Jude [14, 21, 28 Oct.] 1409. " . . . et quod predictus Johannes obiit die Martis 
proximo post festum sancti Mathei Apostoli ultimo preteritum [xxiiij" die Septembris 
anno regni regis H. nunc decimo — co. Somerset] Et ulterius dicunt quod Egidius 
Daubeney frater diet! Johannis defuncti est heres propinquior diet! Johannis Daubeney 
et est etatis xiiij""' annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. IV, file 79, no. 42: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 95, no. 9). 

(') Writs de dote assignanda I Apr. {Close Roll, 1 1 Hen. IV, m. 7). 

(8) Patent Roll, 12 Hen. IV, m. 12. 

(^) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on John Goldyngton), Hen. V, file 36, no. 7. 

(') "Thomas filius et heres Johannis Goldyngton' defuncti." Writ of 
devenerunt 28 Apr. 9 Hen. V. Inq., Essex, Saturday after St. Barnabas [14 Juno] 



loo DAUBENEY 

8. Sir Giles Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, ^fc, 
next br. and h., b.^ and bap. 25 Oct. 1395, ^^ Kempston.(^) The King 
took his homage and fealty, and he had livery of his inheritance, 22 Nov. 
141 6. C") He was in the wars with France, 141 8 to 142 !.('=) Knight of the 
Shire for Somerset, 1424/5 and 1429. Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 
Jan. 1425/6 to Dec. 1426. Sheriffof Beds and Bucks, 1431-32. He»2.,istly, 
Joan (said to have been widowof John Beaumont), 3rd da. of Sir Philip Darcy, 
of Knaith, co. Lincoln [Lord Darcy], ('') by Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Sir Thomas 
Gray, of Heton in Norhamshire. She was bur. at South Petherton. He 
m., 2ndly, before 18 May 1436,0 Mary, ist da. and coh. of Simon Leke, 
of Gotham, Notts, by Joan, da. and h.of Sir John Talbot, of Swannington, co. 
Leicester.(') She d. 1 7 Feb. 1442/3, and was bur. at South Petherton. Brass.(s) 

1421. "Et dicunt quod predictus Thomas filius Johannis Goldyngton' obiit xvij" 
die mensis Februarii ultimo preterito Et quod Johannes Henxtworth' est consanguineus 
et heres predict! Thome filii Johannis propinquior videlicet filius Katerine sororis 
Johannis patris predict! Thome filii Johannis . . . et est etatis xxx annorum et amplius." 
(Ch. Inq. p. OT., Hen. V, file 56, no. 26: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 524). 

(^) Writ dc ctate probanda, 6 Nov. 4 Hen. V. " Probacio etatis Egidii 
Daubeney fratris et heredis Johannis Daubeney filii et heredis Egidii Daubeney 
chivaler defuncti," Bedford, Sunday after St. Martin [15 Nov.] 1416. ". . . idem 
Egidius frater ... est etatis viginti ct unius annorum et amplius . . . natus fuit apud 
Kempston' in comitatu predicto et in ecclesia Omnium Sanctorum ibidem baptizatus 
fuit die Lune proximo post festum sancti Luce Evangeliste anno regni Regis Ricardi 
secundi post conquestum xvij™ [20 Oct. 1393, but it should be "anno . . . xix""," i.e. 
25 Oct. 1395]. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. V, file 50, no. 83). 

{^) Close Roll, 4 Hen. V, m. 10. His fealty was actually taken by the Chan- 
cellor, the Bishop of Winchester. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 665, no. 715). 

{") Norman Rolls, 6 Hen. V,p. 1, m. 17; 8 Hen. V, p. 2. m. 19 d: French Roll, 
9 Hen. V, m. 17. 

(^) Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. i, p. 314. She is mentioned in her father's will, 
16 Apr. 1399, and in her mother's, 20 Dec. 141 1. 

(*) The 4 daughters and coheirs of Simon Leke occur at this date as, Mary 
wife of Giles Daubeney kt., Margaret wife of John Markham, Elizabeth wife of 
Hugh Hercy esq., and Anne wife of Richard Wyllughby esq., cousins and heirs 
of John de Vaus. [De Banco, Easter, 14 Hen. VI, m. 340 ; Mich., 15 Hen. VI, 
m. 129). Their relationship to John de Vaus is not given, but their great-grandfather, 
Simon de Leyk, had jn. (papal mandate for disp., I June 135 i) his cousin, Margaret 
de Vaux. {Papal Letters, vol. iii, p. 456). 

(') Visitations of cos. Derby and Lincoln. This Joan m., istly, Thomas 
Malory kt. [Feet of Fines, case 186, file 37, no. 16), and was, or claimed to be, cousin 
and h. of Walter Prest, who had held some land in Melton Mowbray. [De Banco, Hilary, 
6 Hen. VI, m. 117). In Dec. 1375 "Johannes Talbot' miles de Suanyngton' " was 
found to be one of the heirs of Richard, s. of Richard de Frene chr., and then aged 
40 and more. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 244, no. 51). 

(s) " Hie iacet d'na Maria Daubeney vxor Egidij Daubeney Militis quondam 
filia Simonis Leek Armig'i de Comitatu Notyngamie que obijt xvij° die Mensis 
Februarij Anno d'ni Mill'imo CCCC°xlij° Cuius anime p'picietur deus Amen." 
[Rubbing, in Addit. MSS., no. 32490 P, 40). This Mary left an only da. and h., 
Joan, who m., v.p. (she, though .igcd only " 5 and more " at her father's death, is 



DAUBENEY loi 

He in., 3rdly, Alice. He </. ii Jan. 1445/6,0 at Barrington, aged 50. 
Will dat. 3 Mar. 1444 [1444/5], P''- ^^ Lambeth, 2 Mar. 1 445/6. (") His 
widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, i Mar. 1 445/6. (°) She, who 
:n. again after his death, d. 26 or 27 Mar. 1455. ('^) 



called Joan Marlcam in his will), Robert Markham, afterwards let., of East Markham, 
Notts, which Robert (f. 1 Sep. 1495. (Ch. /«y./>. w., II, vol. 11, no. 35; vol. 12, no. 47). 

if) "Egldius Daubeney miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 15 Jan. 24 Hen. VI. 
Inq., Somerset, Wednesday after the Conversion of St. Paul [26 Jan.] 1445/6. "Et 
dicunt quod idem Egidius obiit die Martis proximo post festum Epiphanie domini 
ultimo preterite . . . Et quod Willelmus Daubeney est filius et heres ejusdem Egidii 
propinquior et in festo sancti Barnabe Apostoli ultimo preterito . . . fuit etatis viginti 
unius annorum." Inq., cos. Notts, Lincoln, Wednesday 9 Feb. and Friday before 
St. Valentine [11 Feb.] 1445/6. "Et dicunt quod predictus Egidius Daubeney 
miles obiit undecimo die Januarii anno xxiiij" supradicto Et dicunt quod Willelmus 
Daubeney est filius et heres propinquior predicti Egidii et est etatis viginti duorum 
annorum et amplius": and that the said Giles died seized in his demesne as ot free 
tenement of the manors of Gotham and Hawton and of certain tenements in 
Newark, Notts, and of 4 bovates of land in Claypole and Stubton, co. Lincoln, " at 
tenens per legem Anglie ut de jure Marie nuper uxoris sue unius filiarum et heredum 
Simonis Leke armigeri . . . Et dicunt quod Johanna filia eorundem Egidii et Marie 
est heres propinquior predicte Marie . . . et quod eadem Johanna est etatis quinque 
annorum ct amplius." Inq., Beds, Friday after the Purification [4 Feb.] 1445/6. 
Date of death, and age of s. and h., as next above. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 
121, no. 26: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 181, no. 8). 

i^) Lambeth Reg., Stafford, fF. 134 v-135: i'ori Reg., Kemp, f. loi (pr. at 
Westm., 4 Mar.). ". . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia sancti Petri Apostoli 
apud Southpeterton' ante altaresancte Marie." He "wrote hit w' his owne honde." 
And afterwards, 11 Jan. 1445 [1445/6], "at Baryngton' the said syr Giles ligging 
in his sykenesse whereof he deyed soone after the same day," being asked how the 
residue of his goods was to be disposed of, "forthwithe the said knyghte w'oute ony 
tarryng saide my wyf shal haue hit This was his last wille." He indicates the burial 
places of his father and mother, of his grandmother, Alianore, and of his first two 
wives, as stated in the text. A brass at South Petherton [Rubbing, in Addit. MSS., 
no. 32490 M, 19) is probably to be attributed to him and one of his wives, but the 
arms, and the names and dates in the inscription, are gone. 

(') Writs de dote amgnanda I Mar. {Cloie Roll, 24 Hen. VI, 711. 31). 

(■*) "Alicia que fuit uxor Egidii Daubeney militis." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
20 Apr. 33 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Beds, Lincoln, Notts, the Feast of SS. Philip and 
James [ I May], and Monday and Wednesday after the Ascension [19, 21 May] 1+55. 
"Et dicunt eciam quod predicta Alicia . . . obiit vicesimo septimo die Marcii proximo 
preterito . . . Et quod Anicia Isabella et Alianora sunt filie et heredes ejusdem Alicie 
propinquiores Et quod dicta Anicia est etatis novem annorum et amplius Et quod 
dicta Isabella est etatis sex annorum et amplius Et quod dicta Alianora est etatis 
trium annorum et amplius." Writ of diem cl. ext. (to commissioners) 16 May 33 
Hen. VI [also on Patent Roll, p. 2, m. 16 d]. Inq., Somerset, 27 May 1455. 
". . . obiit xxvj die Marcii proximo preterito." Heirs as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. 
Hen. VI, file 157, no. 20: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 546). This Anice 
was a da. of Giles Daubeney [Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. i, p. 314); she was born subse- 
quent to the date of his will. 



I02 DAUBENEY 

9. William Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, (si'c., s. 
and h., by ist wife, k 1 1 June 1424. The King took his fealty and he had 
livery of his father's lands, 19 Feb. 1445/6, his homage being respited.(") 
Knight of the Shire for Beds, 1448/9. Sheriff of Cornwall, 1452-53. He 
m. Alice, 3rd da. and coh. of John Stourton, of Preston Plucknett, 
Somerset,('') by his 3rd wife, Katherine, da. and h. of Thomas Payne, of 
Paynshay, Devon. ('^) He /y. 2 Jan. 1460/ !,('') aged 36. His widow, who was 
aged 7 and more in Oct. 1439,0 "'■ Robert Hill, ot Houndston, Somer- 
set, and Talaton, Devon, who d. 8 Sep. 1493,0 and was iur. in Dunster 
Church, Somerset.(«) Will dat. i Aug. 1490, pr. (no date) at Lambeth. C") 

BARONY. 10 and i. Sir Giles Daubeney, of South Ingleby, 

I T o^ South Petherton, fsfc, s. and h., k i June 1451 or (more 

probably) 1452. He had licence of entry on his father's 

lands, saving to the King homage and fealty, 25 Aug. 

1473. C) Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 1474-75 and 1480-81. Being 

(») Fine Roll, 24 Hen. VI, m. 13. 

C") Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. i, p. 313. 

(') Sir William Pole, Devon Co/lections, p. 127. 

(<i) " Willelmus Dawebeney armiger." Writs of diem c . ext. J Apr. [and 4 July 
— Fine Roll, w. 41] I Edw. IV. Inq., cos. Somerset, Lincoln, Beds, Monday 22 June, 
19, 26 Oct. 1 46 1. " Et dicunt quod Willelmus Daubeney obiit secundo die Januarii 
ultimo preterito ... Et . . . quod Egidius Daubeney est filiusetheresejusdem Willelmi 
propinquior et fuit etatis prime die Junii ultimo preterito . . . decem [novem — co. 
Some/set] annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. IV, file 6, no. 58: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, 
file 207, no. 4). 

C) "Johannes Stourton' de Preston'." Writ of diem cl. ext. 13 Mar. 
17 Hen. VI. Inq., Somerset, Friday after St. Luke [23 Oct.] 1439. "Set dicunt 
quod dictus Johannes Stourton' . . . obiit die Martis proximo ante festum sancti 
Thome Apostoli anno regni Regis Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo septimo 
Et quod Cecilia uxor Thome Curiell' militis Johanna uxor Johannis Sydenham 
armigeri et Alicia Stourton' sunt filie et coheredes dicti Johannis Stourton' propin- 
quiores Et quod eadem Cecilia est etatis triginta et quatuor annorum et amplius 
et quod predicta Johanna est etatis viginti et unius annorum et amplius et quod 
dicta Alicia est etatis septem annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, 
file 90, no. 6). 

(') "Robertas Hill' armiger." Writs of diem ci. ext. 19 Sep. 9 Hen. VII 
(Fine Roll, m. i). Inq., Somerset, Devon, Monday 30 Sep., 6 Nov. 1493. " Et . . . 
quod predictus Robertus Hill' obiit octavo die Septembris anno regni predict! domini 
Regis Henrici septimi nono Et quod Egidius Hill' est filius et heres ejus propinquior 
et est etatis viginti quatuor annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 9, no. 54; 
vol. 23, no. lo). 

(8) f^isitation of Somerset in 1591, Harl. MSS., no. 1559, f. 235. His arms, 
impaling Stourton with a mullet for difference, were formerly depicted in that Church. 

(^) P.C.C., 3 Vox, f. 21. "Robertus Hyll' de Brudeport generosus . . . 
corpusque meum sacre sepulture ad placitum dei ubicunque sibi placuerit." The 
contents of the will identifies the testator with the subject of the Inq. next above. 

(') Patent Roll, 13 Edw. IV, p. l,m. 6. 



DAUBENEY 103 

about to go over sea with the King on his service, he had hcence to enfeoff 
feoffees of his lands, without payment of a fine, 7 June 1475. (') Under- 
sheriff of Cornwall, 1476-77. Appointed Keeper of the Forest of 
Petherton, for life, 12 July and 26 Sep. 1477, being then an Esquire of the 
Body.(^) Knight of the Shire for Somerset, 1477. Knighted by the King, 

18 Jan. 1477/8. A Knight of the Body, Mar. i479/8o.(*) Sheriff of 
Devon, 1481-82. Appointed Constable of the Castle of Bridgwater and 
Steward of the Lordship, by the King's mother. Cicely, Duchess of York, 
17 Feb. 1482/3, for life-C*) After the accession of Richard III, he joined 
the Duke of Buckingham's insurrection in Oct. 1483, was attainted of hicrh 
treason in (1483/4) i Ric. 111,0 ^""^ his lands were granted away:^) he had 
escaped "over the see." He returned with the Earl of Richmond in 1485. 
Was appointed Steward of the Lordships of the Duchy of Lancaster in 
Hants and Dorset, 10 Oct.,(^) Master of the King's harthounds, 
Keeper of the Forests of Kingswood and Fulwood, and Constable of 
the Castle of Bristol, 12 Oct.,(') and joint Master of the Mint, 
2 Nov. I485,(«) all for life. Restored in Pari, in (1485) i Hen. VII. C') 
Appointed Lieut, of the Town and Castle of Calais, the Tower of Risbank 
(in Calais harbour), and the Castle of Guines, 7 Mar. i485/6.(') On 
12 Mar. 1485/6 he was cr. BARON DAUBENEY.(') Appointed an 
Ambassador to the King of the Romans, 15 Dec. I486.('') K.G. before 
27 May 1487. Appointed a Chamberlain of the Receipt of the Exchequer, 
29 Dec. 1487, for life.(') When Lieut, of Calais he invaded Flanders, 

if) Patent Rolls, 15 Edw. IV, />. 2, w. 19; 17 Edw. IV, p. 1, m. 3, p. 2, m. 23; 

19 Edw. IV, m. 7. 

(•") Appointment confirmed by the King, 20 Feb. {Patent Rol,, 22 Edw. IV, 
p. 2, m. 14). 

(■=) Pari. Rolls, vol. vi, p. 246. In the Act of Attainder, he, with many 
others, is described as having, on 18 Oct. 1483, at Salisbury, imagined and compassed 
the death of the King, "and caused to be assembled great nowmber of people 
harnessed in manner of werre, and levied werre," ^c. 

(^) The manors of Ingleby, Saxilby, and Broxholme, co. Lincoln, Harrington 
and South Petherton, Somerset, Fawton and Lanteglos, Cornwall, &c. {Patent 
Rolls, I Ric. Ill, p. 3, m. 2, p. 4, m. 2$; 2 Ric. Ill, />. 1, m. 12, p. 3, m. 20). 

{') Duchy of Lancaster, Misc. Books, vol. 21, f. 187. 

(f) Ch. Privy Seals, II, file 2, nos. 20, 18, 19 (13 Sep.): Patent Rolls, i Hen. VII, 
/. 4, w. 7 or 18; /. 2, mm. 25, 24, or I, 2. 

(5) To him and Bartholomew Reed of London goldsmith, in survivorship. (Ch. 
Privy Seals, II, file I (31 Aug.): Patent Roll, 1 Hen. VII, />. i, ;;:. 9 or 27). Indenture, 
4 Nov. 1485. {Idem, p. 2, mm. 16, 15, or 10, 11). 

(^) Pari. Rolls, vol. vi, p. 273. 

(*) Ch. Privy Seals, II, file 8, no. 35 (3 Mar.): French Roll, I Hen. VII, 
w. 1 1 or 5. 

(i) Ch. Privy Seals, II, file 8, no. 89: Charter RoL, i Hen. VII, m. 19 or 2. 
This appears to be the last of the 16 Baronies which were granted by patent before 
the reign of Henry VIII, for a list of which see vol. vii. Appendix A. 

C) French Roll, 2 Hen. VII, m. 13 or 6. 

(') Ch. Privy Seals,ll, Be 23(20 Dec): Patent Roll, 2 Hen. VII, <>. i,m. 8or 19. 



I04 DAUBENEY 

and won a battle at Dixmude, 13 June 1489.P Was appointed an 
Ambassador to France, 12 June Hga-C") Appointed joint Constable of 
Windsor Castle, 28 Mar. i492/3,('') and joint Warden and Justice in 
Eyre of all the King's forests South of Trent, 24 Nov. 1493, all for life.C) 
Lord Chamberlain of the King's Household, 1495 till his death. With an 
army assembled to invade Scotland, he dispersed the Cornish men at Black- 
heath, 17 June 1497.0 Was appointed Constable ofthe Castles of Bridgwater 
and Berkhamstead, Steward of the Lordships of Bridgwater, Berkhamstead, 
King's Langley, and Gillingham, of all the lands in Somerset and Dorset 
late of Elizabeth, Queen Consort, and Keeper of the Forests of Exmoor, 
Neroche, Mendip, and Gillingham, 2 Apr. 1 504, all for life.(') He w., 
before 17 Sep. 1483,(6) Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Arundelle, of Lanherne, 
Cornwall, by his 2nd wife, Katherine, elder da. andcoh. of Sir John Chidiok, 
of Chideock and Buckham, Dorset, ^cQ") He d'. in London 2i,(') was 
taken by water to Westm. 26, and bur. in the Abbey 27 May 1 508. (') Will 

(^) Chron. of Calais, p. 2. " At the whiche feeld my said Lord Dawbeney 
leeftenaunt of Caleys lept downe of his horse and went a fote . . . And there my 
lord waded thorough the diches vnto the arme pittes and all his Feh'sship w* hym." 
[Chron. of London, edit. Kingsford, p. 279). 

(•>) Ch. Privy Seals, II,1file 94, no. 35: French Roll, 7 Hen. VII, m. 6 or 23. 

if) To him and Thomas Bourghchier kt., in survivorship. [Patent Roll, 8 Hen. VII, 
p. 2, m. 14 or 8). 

[^) To him and Reynold Bray kt., in survivorship. (Ch. Privy Seals, II, file 114, 
no. 25: Patent Roll, 9 Hen. VII, m. 29 or 8). 

[") Chron. ofthe Grey Friars, p. 25: Chron. of London, p. 214. 

(f) Ch. Privy Seals,\\,iAt 256, no. 84 (30 Mar.): Patent Roll, 19 Hen. VII, />. i, 
m. 18 or 23. 

(8) In the Inq. taken, co. Cornwall, 28 Mar. 1509, it is stated that, by charter 
dated 20 Aug. i Ric. Ill, he had conveyed some manors in this co. to feolFees, who, 
by charter dated 17 Sep. I Ric. Ill, had granted the premises to him and Elizabeth 
adtunc iixori ejus, and that predicta EHzabetha eum supervixit et adhuc superstes est. 
Elizabeth is mentioned as living in the Inq. taken 18 Feb. 1509/ 10. 

C") Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. i, pp. 304, 306: Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Katherine, late the 
wife of John Chidyok kt.), Edw. IV, file 2, no. 26. See FitzPayne. 

(') "Egidius Daubeney de Daubeney [or Dawbeney de Dawbeney] miles." 
Writ o^ diem cl. ext. 1 3 No\'. 24 Hen. VII, and writs of mandamus I 7 Oct. and 1 Mar. 
I Hen. VIII. Inq., cos. Cornwall (2), Lincoln, Gloucester (co. and town), Somerset, 
Beds, Dorset, Wilts, Devon, 28 Mar. 1509, 18 Feb. 1509/10, 26, 28, 30 Mar., 12, 
26 Apr., I, 4, II June 15 10. ". . . predictus Egidius obiit vicesimo primo die Maii 
anno regni Regis Henrici septimi vicesimo tercio." The date is wrongly given as 
23 May in the second Cornwall Inq., and as 1 9 May in the Devon Inq. Heir, Henry, 
his son (styled miles in the second Inq., and in nearly all the later ones) said to be 14 
and more in the first Inq., 16 in the second, and 16 and more in the others, except 
in the Somerset Inq., where he is said to be 18 and more. (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 22, 
no. 47; vol. 24, nos. 9, 90, 54; vol. 25, nos. 50, 22, 156, 138, 5, 128: Exch. Inq. 
p. m., II, file 6, no. 8; file 898, nos. 5, 6; file 962, no. 4; file 149, no. 6). 

(J) A long description of the circumstances attending his death, l3c., is given by 
Bernard Andr^, Annates, pp. 1 16- II 9, where it is stated that he died "nocte vicesima 
prima Maii," and that he was " vir bonus, prudens, Justus, probus, et omnibus 



DAUBENEY 105 

dat. 19 May 1508 23 Hen. VII, pr. (no date) at Lambeth. (") His widow 
was living 18 Feb. 1509/10. She was bur. with him. M.I. to both there. 

II. 1508 II and 2. Henry (Daubeney), Lord Daubeney, s. 

to and h., aged 16 and more in 15 10. Knighted by the 

1548. King on the eve of the Coronation, 23 June 1509. He 

had special livery of all his father's lands, without proof 
of age, 19 Dec. I5i4.('') On 19 July 1538 he was cr. EARL OF 
BRIDGWATER. He m., istly, Elizabeth, da. of George (Neville), 
Lord Abergavenny, by his ist wife, Joan, da. of Thomas (FitzAlan), 
Earl of Arundel. He w., 2ndly, Katherine, widow of Rhys ap Griffith, 
of Newton or Dynevor, co. Carmarthen, and da. of Thomas (Howard), 
Duke of Norfolk, by his 2nd wife, Agnes, sister and h. of Sir Philip 
TiLNEY, of Skirbeck and Boston, co. Lincoln, and da. of Hugh Tilney, of 
the same. He J. s.p., 8 Apr. I548,(') when the Barony of Daubeney 
(i486) and the Earldom of Bridgwater became extinct. His widow was 
bur. II May 1554, at Lambeth. Will dat. 25 Mar. I554.(^) 

His h. was his nephew, John (Bourchier), Earl of Bath, s. and h. of his 
only sister who left issue, Cicely, ist wife of John (Bourchier), Lord 
FitzWarin, who subsequent to her death was cr. Earl of Bath. Any 
hereditary Barony of Daubeney, that may be supposed to have been created 
by the writ of 1295, was thus united to that of FitzWarin. 

DAUNTSEY [see also sub "Dantsey"] 

i.e. "Dauntsey, co. Wilts," Barony (Stuart), cr. 1664 with the 
Earldom and Dukedom of Cambridge, which see; extinct June 1667. 



i.e. "Dauntsey, co. Wilts," Barony (Stuart), cr. Oct. 1667 with the 
Earldom and Dukedom of Cambridge, which see; extinct 1671. 

dilectus." According to his M.I. in St. Paul's Chapel, as given by Camden {Regts 
Reginae et alii in Eccl. Coll. b. Petri IVatm. iepulti, 1606, p. 55), and now [191 5] on 
the (restored) monument, he d. 22 May 1507, and his wife, Elizabeth, in 1 500. 

(*) P.C.C., 16 Bennett. ". . . my wretched body to be buried in the monastery 
of Sainte Petyr of Westmynster where my said soueraigne Lorde entendeth his bodye 
to be entired." 

(b) Ch. Privy S.-als, II, file 413 (2 Dec): Patent Rcu, 6 Hen. VIII, /.. i, m. 13 
or 21. 

("=) " Henricus Comes de Brydgewater." Writ oi' diem cl. ext. 29 Sep. 2 Edw. VI. 
Inq., Somerset, 24 Nov. 1548. " Et quod obiit viij"" die Aprilis ultimo preterite 
Et quod Johannes nunc Comes Bathon' est ejus cognatus et heres propinquior 
videlicet filius Florencie sororis dicti Henrici Comitis Et quod dictus Johannes 
Comes Bathon' est etatis xl annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 87, no. 
78: Exch. Inq. p. m., II, file 937, no. 4: Court of Wards, vol. 3, no. 95). The 
name Florence, which was that of the 1st Earl of Bath's second wife, is here put in 
error for Cicely. 

C') P.C.C., filed will, probably not proved. ". . . my bodye to be burycd m mv 
Ladie my mother' Tombe in the Chapelle w'in the paryshe Churche in Lambeth." 

14 



io6 DAVEY 

DAVENTRY 

i.e. "Daventree, co. Northampton," Barony {Villiers), cr. 1623 with 
the Earldom of Anglesey, which see; extinct 1661. 



i.e. "Finch of Daventry, co. Northampton," Barony (Finc/i), cr. 
1673/4; see under "Nottingham," Earldom of, cr. 1681. 

DAVEY OF FERNHURST 

BARONY FOR Horace Davey, 3rd s. of Peter D., of Horton, Bucks, 
LIFE. formerly of Camberwell, Surrey (d. 23 Mar. 1879, 

aged 87), by Caroline Emma, da. of the Rev. William 
I. 1894 Pace, Rector of Rampisham-cum-Wraxall, Dorset. He 

to was of Blackdown House, Haslemere, Surrey; was I?. 

1907. 29 Aug. 1833; ed. at Rugby, and at Univ. Coll. 

Oxford; Scholar, 1852, double First class in mods., 1854, 
B.A. and double First class in finals, 1855 and 1856, Fellow, 1856-64, 
becoming an Hon. Fellow in 1884; Johnson's Math. Scholar, 1857, Senior 
Math. Scholar 1858, Eldon Law Scholar, 1859. M.A. 1859, being cr. 
D.C.L. in 1894. He was Barrister (Line. Inn), 1861; Q.C., June 1875; 
Counsel to Oxford Univ., 1877-93; Bencher, Nov. 1878; M.P. (Liberal) 
for Christchurch, 1880-85, ^''"^ ^'^^ Stockton, 1888-92; Solicitor-Gen., Feb. 
to Aug. i886,('') being knighted 8 Mar. 1886; P.C. 23 Nov. 1893; 
a Lord Justice of Appeal, 1893-94, being made a Lord of Appeal in 
Ordinary (under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act, 1876), 13 Aug. 1894; 
and on the same day was cr. a Baron for lifeC") by the style of 
BARON DAVEY OF FERNHURST, co. Sussex. F.R.S. 24 Jan. 1895. 
He m., 5 Aug. 1862, at St. George's, Camberwell, Louisa Hawes, da. of 
John D0NK.1N, of Ormond House, Old Kent Rd., Surrey, Civil Engineer. 
He {/. of bronchitis, at 86 Brook Str., 20, and was I^ur. 23 Feb. 1907, at 
Forest Row, East Grinstead, aged 73, when his life Peerage became extinct. 
Will dat. 17 Dec. 1905, pr. 5 Apr. 1907, over ;r 172,000 gross, and over 
;^ 1 65,000 net personalty. ('^) His widow was living 191 5. 



DAVIA 



i.e. " Davia," Barony of, [S.] {David), cr. 1698 (by James II when 
in exile) with the Earldom of Almond [S.], which see. 



(^) He was not, as stated in Diet. Nat. Biog., appointed Solicitor Gen. in 1892. 
V.G. 

C*) See vol. ii, p. 180, note " b" as to the nature and extent of these creations. 

(') He was one of the numerous peers who have been directors of public 
companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. 



DAWNAY 107 

DAWNAY OF COWICK 

BARONY. I. John Christopher Burton (Dawnay), Viscount 

. , DowNE [I.], to which peerage he had sue. on the death of 

'" his father, the 4th Viscount, 21 Dec. 1780, was cr. 9 June 

jg°^ 1796, BARON DAWNAY OF COWICK, co. York. 

^ ' He d. s.p., 18 Feb. 1832, when the Barony of Dawnay of 

Cowick became extinct. See fuller particulars under 

"DowNE," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1 680/1. 

DAWNAY OF DANBY 

i.e. "Dawnay of Danby, in the North Riding, co. York," Barony 
(Dawnay), cr. 24 July i897,(^) see " Downe," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1680/1 
under the 8th Viscount. 

DAWSON OF DAWSON'S COURT 

BARONY [I.] William Henry Dawson, of Portarlington, Queen's 

County, was on 29 May 1770, cr. BARON DAWSON 

1. 1770. OF DAWSON'S COURT, Queen's County [I.]; on 

24 July 1 776 he was cr. Viscount Carlow, co. Carlow [I.]. 

See "Carlow," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1776. 

DAWSON'S GROVE AND CASTLE DAWSON 

i.e. " Dartrey of Dawson's Grove, co. Monaghan," Barony [I.] 
(Dawson'), cr. 28 May 1770; see "Cremorne," Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1785; 
both extinct 18 13. 

See "Cremorne of Castle Dawson, co. Monaghan," Barony [I.] 
(Dawson), cr. 1797. 

DE ALBINI see DAUBENEY 

DE BLAQUIERE OF ARDKILL 

BARONY [I.] I. John Blaquiere, 5th s. of John B. (or Jean de 

Blaquiere), of Greenwich, Merchant of London (said to 

^ °'^' have been one of the French refugees in 1685, when he 

would have been aged only nine, who d. 22 Apr. 1753, 

O This was one of the six Baronies which (together with an Earldom and 
Viscountcy bestowed on Lord Egerton of Tatton) were granted at Queen Victoria's 
second (60 years, or " Diamond ") jubilee. These were (i) Fairhe, bestowed on the 
Earl of Glasgow [S.]; (2) Dawnay of Danby, on Viscount Downe [I.]; (3) Ludlow 
of Heywood (Lopes); (4) Holm Patrick (Hamilton); (5) Inverclyde of Castle Wemyss 
(Burns); (6) Strathcona and Mount Royal (Smith). 



io8 DE BLAQUIERE 

aged 77), by Mary Elizabeth, da. ot Pierre de Varennes, a Frenchman (a 
bookseller in the Strand), (^) was b. 15 May 1732; was sometime in a 
London merchant's office; afterwards joined the Army, becoming Lieut. 
Col. 17th Dragoons; was Sec. of Legation in France, 1771-72; Chief Sec. 
to [Earl Harcourt] the Lord Lieut, of Ireland, 1772-77; M.P. for Old 
Leighlin, 1773-83; for Carlingford, i783-90;('') for Charleville, 1790-97, 
and for Newtownards, i 797, till the Union. P.C. [L] 30 Nov. 1772; K.B., 
3 Aua;. 1774; received a grant of the office of Alnager [I.] Aug. i775;(') 
cr. a Baronet [I.], 16 Julv 1784. Finally, for his support of the Union, 
he was cr., 30 July i8oo,'BARON DE BLAQUIERE OF ARDKILL, 
CO. Londonderr)- [LJ-C"*) M.P. for Rye (Tory), 1 801-02, and for Downton, 
1803-06; F.R.S. and F.S.A., both 13 Jan. 1803. He w., 24 Dec. 1775, 
at Sir "William Montgomery's house in Mary Str., Dublin, Eleanor,^) da. 
of Robert Dobson, of Anne's Grove, co. Cork, by Maria, 3rd da. and coh. 
of Alexander Tompkins, of Prehen, co. Londonderry. He ^Z. 27 Aug. 
1 8 12, at Bray, co. Wicklow, aged So.Q His widow d. 20 Dec. 1833, 
aged 77, in Regent's Park, Marylebone. 



(•) See Protestant Exiles from France, by the Rev. D. C. Agnew, 1866. 

('') He was also elected for Enniskillen in 1783. V.G. 

C^) In 1797 he obtained a grant to himself, his heirs and assigns, for 48 years, 
and thereupon surrendered the office to his son, receiving, in lieu thereof, ;^I,000 a year. 
These Lords are frequently (but erroneously) described as Hereditary Great Alnagers 
of Ireland, but the office was never hereditary. It was abolished in 1 81 7, when the 
2nd Lord received a pension in compensation. V.G. 

C^) He was just in time to take his seat with the other newly created peers, for 
on 3 Aug. following the Parliament [I.] was prorogued never to meet again. For the 
profuse creations and promotions in the Irish Peerage at this date, see vol. iii, 
Appendix H. V.G. 

(') He acquired by this marriage the estate of Ardkill. V.G. 

(*) A favourable but wordy account of him, from which the following sentences 
are drawn, is given in A Review of the Irish House of Commons, I 789, by a Whig 
writer. " In his public speaking he is but poorly assisted by his voice which is weak, 
thin, and low . . . His language is mostly well chosen . . . His action is very faulty . . . 
and he has contracted a mode of twisting and writhing his body into a tortuosity of 
shape painful to look at ... As he inherits from nature a masculine understanding and 
sound good sense, and has taken pains to store his mind with useful and various 
knowledge the matter of his speeches has real merit." In 1773, as M.P. for Old 
Leighlin, he advocated a tax on absentee landlords. " He was trustworthy and 
adroit, well skilled in the management of men, convivial in his tastes, and a good 
public speaker." (W. Hunt). Horace Walpole, unfairly depreciating his ability, which 
of a sort was considerable, writes in his Journals, that he was "a frank, good humoured, 
but weak, and conceited man." Lord Charlemont, in his Memoirs, contemptuously 
describes him as " A man of low birth, no property, and of weak genius, yet possessing 
in an eminent degree those inferior abilities which are more prized by, and perhaps 
more useful to, an evil Government, than the greatest mental powers, the sublime 
faculty of exciting venality and of making proselytes to their country's ruin by 
corrupting individuals with the public treasure . . . Cajoling and jobbing were this 



DE BLAQUIERE icg 

II. 1812. 2. John (de Blaqliere), Baron de Rlaqliere of 

Ardkill [I.], s. and h., b. 5 Nov. i 776. He, at the time 
of his father's death, was a prisoner in France, and never established his 
right to vote. Alnager [I.] 1797-18 17.C) He d. unm., 7 Apr. 1844, at 
his seat, Port Leman, aged 67. 

III. 1844. 3. William (de Blaquiere), Baron de Blaqlmere 

OF Ardkill [I.], br. and h., b. 27 Jan. I778,('') in 
Paris. He served in Flanders, at the Cape of Good Hope, and in 
India; Major Gen. 18 13, Lieut. Gen. 1825, Gen. 1841. F.R.S. 21 Feb. 
1 805. He never established his right to vote. He ;;;., 1 6 Sep. 1 8 1 1 , Harriet, 
da. of George (Townshend), ist Marquess Townshend, by his 2nd wife, 
Anne, da. of Sir William Montgomery, Bart. She, who was b. 20 Apr. i 782, 
and separated from her husband in June 1 8 14, i/. 9 Nov. 1 848, aged 66. He 
d. 12 Nov. 1 85 I, at Norwood, having committed suicide by shooting himself 
while suffering from smallpox, aged 73. 

IV. 1 85 1. 4. John (de Blaquiere), Baron de Blaquiere of 

Ardk.ill[I.], s. and h., b. 2 July 1812. Capt. 3rd West 
India Foot, 1844; Capt. 41 st Foot, 1854. He established his right to vote 
at the election of Rep. Peers [I.] 17 Mar. 1864. He w;., istly, 28 July 1849, 
at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Anna, da. of John Christie. She d. 18 Feb. 1851, 
in Madeira. He ;;;., 2ndly, 25 Nov. 1852, at St. James's, Westm., Eleanor 
Amelia, istda. of William George (Hylton-Jolliffe), ist Baron Hylton, 
by his 1st wife, Eleanor, da. of the Hon. Berkeley Paget. He d. s.p., 
2 Jan. 1 87 1, in Stratford Place, Marvlebone, aged 58. His widow, who 
was b. 18 June 1828, at Merstham House, d. 11 Jan. 1894, in London, 
and was bur. at Merstham, aged 6 c. 

V. 1 87 1. 5. William Barnard (de Blaquiere), Baron de 

Blaquiere of Ardkill [I.], br. and h., b. 16 Dec. 1814, 
in London. Entered the Royal Navy, 1838, retiring as Captain in 1873. 
He established his right to vote 6 Mar. 1871. He m., 25 Sep. 1862, at 
St. Mar\'lebone, Anna Maria, da. and h. of John Wormald, of Brockworth 
Manor, co. Gloucester, and Upper Harley Str., Midx. He d. s.p., 24 Nov. 
1889, in his 75th year, in Cork Str., Midx., and was bur. at Brock-.vorth, 
CO. Gloucester. Will pr. 28 Jan. 1 890, over ^'6,000. His widow d. 7 June 
1894, at Coleherne Mansions, South Kensington. 



Secreury's principal ulents." J. Swift McNeill, in his Titled Corruption, calls him, 
" one of the most shamelessly corrupt self seekers m the Irish House of Commons." 
Lord Camden wrote of his creation as " almost intolerable." V.G. 

(^) See note "c" on preceding page. 

('') According to the Lords' Entries in Dublin, in which Peers entered their 
pedigrees under a standing order of the House of Lords [I.], he was born in Oct. 
1777. V.G. 



no DE BLAQUIERE 

VI. 1889. 6. William (de Blaquiere), Baron de Blaquiere of 

Ardkill [I.], cousin and h. male, being 2nd and only surv. 
s. of Charles de Blaquiere, of Woodstock, Canada (who d. there 16 July 
1869, aged 49), by his istwife, Agnes, widow of W. Lawson, which Charles 
was the 5th s. of the Hon. Peter Boyle de Blaquiere, Chancellor of the 
Univ. of Toronto (who d. 23 Oct. i860, aged 76), 4th and yst. s. of 
the ist Baron. He was b. 5 Sep. 1856. He established his right to vote 
at the election of Rep. Peers [I.]. He m., 25 Jan. 1888, at Christchurch 
Cathedral, Montreal, Lucianne, ist da. of George Desbarats, of Montreal. 

[John de Blaquiere, ist s. and h. ap., b. i Aug. 1889, in Montreal, 
Canada. Lieut. Scottish Rifles Jan. 1913. He was killed in the European 
War in Mar. 1915.0] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, were under 3,000 acres. 
DECHMONT 

i.e. "Dechmont, CO. Linlithgow," Barony [S.] {Hamilton), cr. 1696 
with the Earldom of Orkney [S.], which see. 

DECIES 

BARONY AND Maurice FitzGerald,('') ist s. and h. of Gerald 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] Fitzjohn FitzGerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford 

(d. 1553), by Ellice, 4th da. of Piers (Butler), Earl of 

1569 Ormond and Ossory [I.], was b. 1530; Knighted at 

to Waterford by the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieut. [I.] 

1572. on St. Andrew's Day 1558; Sheriff of co. Cork 

during pleasure i June 1559-67. On 27 Jan. 

1568/9 [date ot Fiantll^) he was cr. BARON OF DROMANA 

[Dromane] [I.], and four days later, on 31 Jan. 1568/9, was cr. 

(*) His only brother, Alan Boyle De Blaquiere, b. 28 Mar. 1895, is a Naval 
cadet. For a list of peers and h. ap. of peers who fought in the European War, 
191 4- , see vol. viii, Appendix F. 

C*) His arms as Viscount Decies are recorded in Ulster's Office — Ermine, a 
saltire engrailed within a bordure Gules. (G. D. Burtchaell). V.G. 

("=) The Queen's Letters for both dignities were dated at Havering 16 July 
1568. " The ' Fiants ' or Warrants to the Court of Chancery for Grants under the 
Great Seal, so called from their usually commencing with the words Fiant literae 
patentee., extend from the reign of Henry VIII to the present time. . . . The present 
practice is not to issue Letters Patent to the parties entitled to them until the enrol- 
ment has been made upon the Patent Roll, for which purpose the Fiant is treated as 
the original, though the enrolment directed by the Act is of the Letters themselves. 
This practice has, I presume, prevailed since the 17 and 18 Charles II, cap. 2, known 
as the Act of Explanation, the 73rd section of which enacts that all Letters Patent 
of titles of honor, offices, or lands shall be void, unless they contain a clause of en- 
rolment in the Chancery of Ireland within a time to be specified. Prior to this 
enactment, the causes operating to such enrolments as were made, were, I apprehend, 
the security thereby given to the grantee, and the obtaining of their customary fees 



DECIES III 

VISCOUNT OF DECIES [Deessees]. He m. Ellen, da. of Sir John 
FitzThomasFiTzGERALDofDESMOND,5/y//«»-hitTiself(and by some considered) 
Earl of Desmond, by More, da. of Donogh O'Brien, of Carrigogunnell, 
CO. Limerick. He (i. s.p., 28 Dec. 1572, when his honours became extinct.{*) 



i.e. " Decies," Viscountcy [I.] {Power), cr. 1673, with the Earldom 
OF Tyrone [1.], which see; both extinct 1704. 



BARONY [I.] 1. William Beresford, 3rd s. of Marcus, ist Earl of 

J o Tyrone [I.], by Catherine, suo jure,{^) Baroness La 

PoER [I.], da. and h. of James (Power), 3rd Earl or 
Tyrone and Viscount Decies [1.] of the creation of 1 673, 
abovenamed. He was l>. 16 Apr. 1743; ed. at Trin. Coll. Dublin, B.A., 
1763, M.A., 1766, D.D., 1780. Rector of Urney, co. Derry; Bishop of 
Dromore, 1780; Bishop of Ossory, 1782; Archbishop of Tuam, 1794. 
P.C. [I.] 17 Nov. 1794. On 22 Dec. 18 12, he was cr. BARON DECIES 
of Decies, co. Waterford [l.].(f) He m., 12 June I763,('') at Donnybrook, 

on enrolment by the officers of the Court. . . . Nearly all these instruments have the 
date of their delivery into Chancery marked upon them in accordance with the 
Act 37 Henry VI, cap. I, directing that Warrants made to the Great Seal should 
have the day of their delivery to the Chancellor entered and that the patents should bear 
the date of that day." (Introduction to the Calendar of Fiants, 7th Report, Dep. 
Keeper P.R. [I.]; ex inform. G. D. Burtchaell). V.G. 

(=■) "The Earl of Desmond undertakes, 6 Jan. 1572/3, not 'to vex or disquiet,' 
among others, the 'Viscount of Dessees,' which shows that his death had not then 
been heard of and must have been quite recent." (G. D. Burtchaell). The Cotnmunia 
Ro// for 161 8 contains much interesting information about the FitzGeraldsof Dromana, 
Lords of the Decies. Sir John FitzGerald (who was then living) having been sued 
by the Crown for arrears of rent of certain lands in co. Waterford, answers that Sir 
Gerald FitzGerald of Dromany (2nd s. of James, 7th Earl of Desmond) d. seised of 
these lands 16 Aug. 1488; after whose death they descended to his s. and h., John 
FitzGerald, who d. at Dromany 18 Dec. 1524, when his s. and h., Gerald, entered 
into possession. This Gerald d. at Templemichael, 25 Feb. 1553/4, and was sue. by 
his s. and h., Maurice, Viscount Decies. Maurice d. at Dromany s.p. legit., 31 Dec. 
1 57 I {sic'], and was sue. by his br. and h., Sir James FitzGerald, who ^, at Dungarvan, 
28 Dec. 1580, and was sue. by his s. and h., Garrett, who d. s.p. at Templemichael 
in Oct. 1598, when the lands in question reverted to his cousin and h.. Sir John Fitz- 
Gerald, s. of his uncle Garrett, which Sir John m. Ellen, da. of Maurice FitzGibbon, 
s. and h. ap. of John Oge, the White Knight. In Russell's Relation, Sir John is described 
"by persons yet liveing who have seen him," as "a little brown man with one eye 
only," and Dame Ellen his wife as "a fatt big woeman, goeing in a hattand gold hat- 
band, a silke gowne and mantle with a fringe, her hayre bound up in a golden cewle." 
[Unpublished Geraldine Doeuments; ex inform. R. G. FitzGerald-Uniacke). V.G. 

C') According to the anomalous decision of the Irish House of Lords, confirmed 
19 Dec. 1767. 

("=) The three extinctions made use of under the Act of Union for this creation 
were (i) the Barony of Lecale {FitzGerald); (2) the Barony of Fermanagh {Ferney); 
and (3) the Viscountcy of Longueville [Longfield). 

{^) Lords' Entries, Dublin. V.G. 



112 DECIES 

CO. Dublin, Elizabeth, sister of John, ist Earl of Clare [I.], 2nd da. ot 
John FiTzGiBBON, of Mount Shannon, co. Limerick, by Eleanor, da. of John 
Grove. She, by whom he had lo sons and 6 daughters, d. 24 Aug. 1807. 
He d. 6 Sep. 18 19, at Tuam Palace, in his 77th year. 

II. 1819. 2. John (Horsley-Beresford), Baron Decies [1.], 

4th but 1st surv. s. and h., b. 20 Jan. I774,(=') in Dublin; 
ed. at Emman. Coll. Cambridge, B.A., 1 795, M.A., 1 809, subsequently D.D. ; 
sometime Rector of Tuam. He established his right to vote at the election 
of Rep. Peers [I.] 6 June 1821. He w., 26 July 18 10, Charlotte Phila- 
delphia, only da. and h. of Robert Horsley, of Bolam House, Northumber- 
land, when he assumed the additional surname of Horsley. She is'. 9 Mar. 1 8 5 2, 
at Ryde, in the Isle of Wight. He d. i Mar. 1855, aged 81. 

III. 1855. 3. William Robert John (Horsley-Beresford), 

Baron Decies [I.], only s. and h., b. June 1 8 1 1, in Dublin, 
sometime Capt. Gren. Guards. He never established his right to vote at 
the election of Rep. Peers [I.]. Hew. (spec, lie), 31 July i860, at Shortflatt 
Tower, Northumberland, Catherine Anne, 2nd da. of William Dent Dent 
(formerly Hedley), of Shortflatt Tower afsd., by Ellen Mary, da. of Andrew 
Seton Karr, of Kippilaw, co. Roxburgh. He d. suddenly, 2 July 1893, at 
the North Eastern Hotel, York,('') aged 82. Will pr. at i^Q^io^. His 
widow was living 191 5. 

IV. 1893. 4. William Marcus DE LA PoER (Horsley-Beresford), 

Baron Decies [I. 18 12], ist s. and h., b. 12 Jan. 1865, 
at Bolam, Northumberland; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch. Oxford. He 
established his right to vote 8 Apr. 1895. He m.^ 12 Mar. 1901, at St. 
Michael's, Chester Sq., Maria Gertrude, da. of Sir John Pollard Willoughby, 
4th Bart. [1794], by his 2nd wife, Maria Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Hawkes, 
of Himley House, co. Stafford. He d. s.p., suddenly, at the Cottage Hospital, 
Hornsey, having been overcome by the heat when attending the Races at 
Alexandra Park that day,('') 30 July, and was bur. 4 Aug. 19 10, at Stoke 
Poges, aged 45. Will pr. Oct. 1910, gross ^97,484, net l,^2,^()(). His 
widow was living 1915. He was sue. by his br., John,^) who is outside 
the scope of this work. 

FamilyEstates. — These, in 1 8 83, consisted of 6,394 acres in Northumber- 
land ; 20 in Westmorland, and 979 in co. Meath. Total, 7,393 acres, worth 
;^7,833 a year. Principal Residence. — Bolam House, near Morpeth, North- 
umberland. 



if) See note " d " on preceding page. 

('') He had lived there in retirement for seven years. V.G. 

(■=) He was a sporting man, kept racehorses, and was Master of the Thanet 
Harriers. His wife had a great collection of cats. V.G. 

C') He and his brothers, Seton, Henry William, and William Arthur, all served 
in the S. African War. V.G. 



DECIES 113 

See "Stuart-de-Decies OF Dromana, within the Decies, CO. Watcrford," 
Barony (J^illiers-Stuart), cr. 1839; extinct i874.('') 

DE CLIFFORD 

See "Clifford," Barony, cr. by writ, 1299 {De Clifford). 

DE COURCY 

See under " Kinsale," Barony [I.] {De Courcy). 

DE DUNSTANVILLE OF TEHIDY 

BARONY. Francis Basset, ist s. and h. of Francis B., of Terley, 

. , Northants, afterwards ofTehidy, Cornwall {d. Nov. 1769), 

y by Margaret, da. of Sir John St. Aubyn, 3rd Bart. [1671], 

„ was b. at Walcot, 9 Aug., and bap. 7 Sep. 1757, at Charl- 

^^' bury, Oxon; ed. at Harrow, and later at Eton; and at 

King's Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 1786. Having taken an 
active part in preparations for resisting the threatened attack on Plymouth 
by the French and Spanish fleets in 1779, he was cr. a Baronet 24 Nov. of that 
year. M.P. (Tory) for Penryn, 1 780-96 ;('') Recorder of Penryn. On 
17 June 1796, he was cr. BARON DE DUNSTANVILLE OF 
TEHlDy,('') CO. Cornwall. In the following year, having no male issue, 
he was cr., 30 Nov. 1797, BARON BASSET OF STRATTON, co. 
Cornwall, with a spec. rem. of that Barony, failing the heirs male of his body, 
to his only da. and the heirs male of her body. F.R.S. 9 Apr. 1829. He 
;«., istly, 16 Aug. 1780, at St. Marylebone, Frances Susanna, da. and 
eventually coh. of John Hippisley Coxe, of Stoneaston, Somerset. She 
d. 14 June 1823, at Twickenham, Midx. He m., 2ndly, 13 July 1824, at 
the Chapel Royal, Whitehall, Harriet, 4th da. of Sir William Lemon, ist 
Bart., by Jane, da. of John Buller, of Morval, Cornwall. He d. s.p.w., 
of paralysis, in South Place, Kensington, 14, and was bur. 26 Feb. 1835, 
at Illogan, Cornwall, aged 77. M.I. there. Will pr. Apr. 1835. O" his 
death the Barony of De Dunstanville ofTehidy and the Baronetcy [1779] 

(^) The grantee was son of Lord Henry Stuart, by Gertrude Amelia, da. and h. 
of George (Mason-Villiers), Earl of Grandison, and Viscount Grandison of Dromana 
[I.], and was maternally, through the families of Mason, Villiers, and Fitzgerald, 
descended from (and the representative of) Gerald Fitzgerald of the Decies, the father 
of Maurice, cr. Viscount Decies [I.], in 1569, as above stated. 

C') He however supported the North-Fox Coalition in 1783, and remained in 
the Whig camp till 1793, when the war brought him over to Pitt, and he was there- 
after a Tory, opposing the Reform Bill, though in favour of Cath. Emancipation, and 
in company with Whig peers signing two protests against the acquittal of Lord Mel- 
ville. He was author of several tracts on political and agricultural matters, [ex inform. 
the Rev. A. B. Beaven). V.G. 

("=) The estate of Tehidy was acquired by the Basset family, about 11 50 (by 
marriage), from the family of Dumtanville. 

15 



114 DE DUNSTANVILLE 

became extinct, but the Barony of Basset of Stratton devolved on his da. 
under the spec. rem. in its creation. (") See that dignity. His widow d. 
30 Dec. 1864, in her 88th year, at 10 Charles Str., Berkeley Sq., Midx. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, as possessed by Gustavus Lambart 
Basset, of Tehidy Park, great-nephew and h. male (and, after 1855, h. gen.) 
of Lord de Dunstanville and Basset, consisted of 16,969 acres in Cornwall, 
of the annual value of ;^32,854. 

DEENE 
See "Brudenell of Deene, co. Northampton," Barony {BrudenelF), 
cr. 1780; extinct 181 1 ; and for fuller particulars see "Cardigan," Earldom 
of, cr. 1 66 1. 

DEEPS 

i.e. "Saunders of Deeps, co. Wexford," Barony [I.] (Gore), cr. 1758, 
with the ViscouNTCY of Sudley of Castle Gore [1.]; see " Arran," Earldom 
of [I.], cr. 1762, under the ist Earl. 

DE ERESBY see WILLOUGHBY OF ERESBY 

DEERHURST 

i.e. "Deerhurst of the hundred of Deerhurst, co. Gloucester," Vis- 
countcy (Coventry), cr. 1697, with the Earldom of Coventry, which see. 

DE FREYNE OF ARTAGH and DE FREYNE OF 
COOLAVIN 

BARONY. I. Arthur French, s. and h. of Arthur F., of French 

T g Park, CO. Roscommon (d. 24 Nov. i82o),('') by Margaret, 

■^^ da. of Edmond Costello, of Edmonstown, co. Mayo, i. 

„^ about 1786; M. P. (Whig) for co. Roscommon, 1821-32. 

^°-5°- On 16 May 1839, he was cr. BARON DE FREYNE (<=) 

C") He had enormous wealth from mines in Cornwall, and was a patron of the 
Cornish painter, Opie. He obtained his peerage on Pitt's recommendation. V.G. 

(*>) This Arthur French was M.P. for co. Roscommon, 1790 till his death. 
He is said to have been oflFered an Earldom to support the Union, and, subsequently, 
a Barony, without any condition annexed. John French, his uncle, also M.P. for 
CO. Roscommon, 1745 till his death (s.p.) in 1775, was about to have been raised to 
the peerage as Baron Dungar, a dignity which (after his death) is said to have been 
declined by Arthur French, also M.P. for co. Roscommon 1783 till his death 1790, 
br. and h. of the said John, being father of Arthur abovenamed and grandfather of Lord 
de Freyne. G.E.C. Peel writes, "I never yet met with a man in Ireland who 
had not himself either refused honours from the Crown, or was not the son of a man, 
or had not married the daughter of a man who had been hard-hearted enough to refuse 
the solicitations of the Government. In general it is a peerage that has been refused." V.G. 

(') This name, spelt in various ways, Frene, Freign, is'c, and latinised as de 
Fraxinii, belonged to an old English family, a distinguished member of which was 



DE FREYNE 115 

BARONY. OF ARTAGH, co. Roscommon. Having, however, no 

, male issue, he was, 5 Apr. 1851, cr. BARON DE 

A- i«5i- FREYNE OF COOLAVIN, co. Sligo, with a spec. rem. 

failing the heirs male of his body to his brothers, 
"John French, Clerk, Charles French, Esq., and Fitzstephen French, Esq." 
in like manner respectively. (") Lieut, of co. Roscommon, 1854-56. 
He w., in 181 8, Mary, da. of Christopher McDermott, of Cregga. She d. 
7 Sep. 1843. ^^ ^- ^-P-i ^9 ^^P- ^^5^> when the Barony of de Freyne of 
Artagh (1839) became extinct, but the Barony of 1851 devolved as under. 

II. 1856. 2. John (French), Baron de Freyne of Coolavin, 

br., and h. under the spec. rem. in the creation of that 
Barony; b. 1788; B.A. (Trin. Coll.), Dublin, 1810, M.A., 1815; in holy 
orders: Rector of Grange Sylvaj, co. Kilkenny. He d. s.p., 22 Aug. 1863, 
in Dublin, aged 75.('') 

III. 1863. 3. Charles (French), Baron DE FreyneofCoolavin, 

br., and h. under the spec. rem. in the creation of that 
Barony; b. 22 Oct. 1790; sometime Capt. 8ist Foot. Sheriff of co. Ros- 
common 1853. A Liberal. He »?., 17 May 1854, in the Protestant Church 
of Grange Gorman, Dublin, ('') Catherine, a peasant girl, da. of Luke Maree. 
He d.2i Oct. 1868, at French Park afsd, aged 78. His widow d. 13 Oct. 
1900, at Caher House, Loughglynn, co. Roscommon, aged 73. 

IV. 1868. 4. Arthur (French), Baron DE Freyne OF Coolavin, 

1st legit, s. and h., b. 9 July 1855 ; ed. at Downside and 
at Beaumont (Roman Catholic) Colleges. A Conservative. He ;;;., istly, 

sum. to Pari, in 1336. Why it should have been selected as a peerage title by a 
gentleman of Ireland in the 19th century, is not clear; possibly he thought that Frene 
was an old form of French, in which case he was wrong; but at any rate he secured 
a title with an archaic sound, which is always something. According to a pedigree 
registered by Sir William Betham, Ulster, in 1837, "The name of De Fraxineto or 
De Fraxines is rendered in Norman French De la Freigne, and Freyne is very distin- 
guished in English history." After giving some references to the family of De 
Fraxineto or De la Freyne of the counties of Kilkenny, Tipperary, Cork, and Water- 
ford, he states "The family name of the Freynes were Oliver, Patrick, Robert, John, 
and GefFery, equally those of the Frenches of Galway, they were undoubtedly the 
same family." Nevertheless the pedigree only begins with John French, father of 
Peter French, Mayor of Galway in 1576. Representatives of the family of de la 
Freigne, afterwards Freyne, continued in co. Kilkenny till the estates were forfeited 
in 1650. V.G. 

(^) Though generally a supporter of the Whigs, to whom he owed his peerage, 
he voted and signed a protest against the repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846. V.G. 

(^) Though a Liberal he voted with the Conservatives against the repeal of the 
Paper Duty in i860. V.G. 

(■=) A previous marriage was alleged, to have taken place 13 Feb. 1 85 1, of which 
there were three sons, viz. (i) Charles, b. 21 Oct. following; (2) John, h. 13 Mar. 
"^^SZ\ (3) William John, h. 21 Apr. 1854, all being alive at their father's death, 
but passed over (as illegitimate) in the succession to the peerage. 



ii6 DE FREYNE 

8 Feb. 1877, at the Church of St. John the Baptist, Nice, Laura Octavia, 
sister of Laurence, 3rd Earl of Zetland, da. of the Hon. John Charles 
DuNDAS, by Margaret Matilda, da. of James Talbot. She, who was b. 
II Oct. 1855, at Oran, co. York, and raised to the rank of an Earl's 
daughter, by royal warrant, 1873, d. 19 Jan. 1881, at Villa de Cessoles, 
Nice, aged 25. He m., 2ndly, 28 Sep. 1882, at the Church of our Lady of 
the Rosary, Marylebone Rd., Midx., Marie Georgiana, da. of Richard 
Westbrook Lamb, of West Denton, Northumberland, by Marie Georgiaiia 
Elizabeth, da. of Stephen Eaton, of Ketton Hall, Rutland. He d. 22 Sep. 
1 9 13, at French Park afsd., aged 58.('') His widow was living 191 5. 

[Arthur Reginald French, ist s. and h., by ist wife, b. 3 July 1 879, 
at 88 Harley Str., Marylebone; sometime Lieut. Royal Fusiliers.C") He 
m., 18 Nov. 1902, Annabel, da. of William Angus. Having sue. to the 
peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he is outside the scope of this work.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 34,400 acres in co. 
Roscommon: 4,059 in co. Sligo and 329 In cos. Galway and Mayo. Total, 
38,788 acres, worth ^15,231 a year. Principal Residence. — French Park, co. 
Roscommon. 

DE GREY OF WREST 

EARLDOM. I. Amabel, ist da. and coh. ^of Jemima, suo jure, 

y „ ^ Marchioness Grey [1740] and Baroness Lucas of 

Crudwell [1663], by Philip (Yorke), 2nd Earl of 
Hardwicke, was b. 22 Jan. 1751; m., 16 July 1772, at 
St. James's, Westm., Alexander Hume-Campbell, styled Lord Pol- 
warth (who was cr., 20 May 1776, Baron Hume of Berwick, and who 
d, s.p. and v.p., 9 Mar. 1781, aged 30); sue. her mother, 11 Jan. 1797, as 
Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, under the spec. rem. in the creation of 
that dignity, and was, 25 Oct. 1816, cr. COUNTESS DE GREY OF 
WREST, CO. Bedford, with a spec. rem. of that dignity, failing the heirs 
male of her body, to her only sister, Mary Jemima, Dowager Baroness 
Grantham (the 2nd and yst. da. of Jemima, suo jure, Marchioness Grey 
abovenamed), and the heirs male of her body. She d. s.p., 4 May 1833, 
in St. James's Sq., and was bur. at Wrest, co. Bedford, aged 82. Will 
pr. May 1833. 

(^) His death was wrongly reported in the press, 12 Sep. 1913, as having taken 
place the previous day. V.G. 

(*>) He disappeared, 19 Feb. 1905, from the Hotel St. Denis, New York, and 
for some time it was feared that he had been a victim of foul play. After some weeks 
it was discovered that he had enlisted for three years in the United States Army. He as 
Captain, and his half brother, George Philip French, as Lieut., in the South Wales 
Borderers, were both killed 9 May 191 5 in the European War. For a list of peers 
and sons of peers who fought in this war, see vol. viii. Appendix F. V.G. 



DE GREY 117 

II. 1833. 2. Thomas Philip (Weddell, formerly Rorinson, 

afterwards de Grey), Earl de Grey of Wrest, Baron 
Lucas of Crudwell, and Baron Grantham, nephew and h., being s. and 
h. of Thomas (Robinson), 2nd Baron Grantham, by Mary Jemima (who 
d. 7 Jan. 1830), 2nd da. and coh. of Jemima, suo jure Marchioness CJrey 
abovenamed, and thus succeeding to the Earldom o\ De Grey under the spec, 
rem. in its creation. He was b. 8 Dec. 1781, at Whitehall; sue. his father, 
as Baron Grantham, and to the estate of Topcliffe, co. York, 20 July 1786; 
sue. his cousin. Sir Norton Robinson, 5th Bart., 3 i Jan. 1 792, in the Baronetcy 
of Robinson of Newby, cr. 1690; ed. at St. John's Coll. Cambridge, M.A., 
I 801; took the name of JVeddell in lieu of his patronymic, Robinson., by 
royal lie. 7 May 1803, and subsequently, 23 June 1833 (soon after his 
becoming Earl de Grey), the name of de Grey in lieu of that of Weddell\ 
F.S.A. 13 Nov. 1806; Lord Lieut, of Bedfordshire, 1818-59. Yeomanry 
A.D.C. to King William IV 1831-37, and to Queen Victoria 
1837-59. ^^) being a Conservative,^') was First Lord of the Admiralty 
in the Peel ministry, Dec. 1 834 to Apr. 1835; Pres. of the Soc. of Architects 
1834-59; P.C. 29 Dec. 1834; Lord Lieut, of Ireland, 1841-44; F.R.S. 
29 Apr. I 841; K.G., 12 Dec. 1844. He ;;/., 20 July 1805, at the Earl ot 
Carhampton's, Cobham, Surrey, Henrietta Frances, C") 5th and yst. da. of 
William Willoughby (Cole), ist Earl of Ennisk.illen [I.], by Anne, da. of 
Galbraith Lowrv-Corry. She, who was b.1^ June 1 784, d. at 4 St. James's 
Sq.,Midx.,2 July 1848, aged 64. He (/.there 14 Nov. 18 59, in his 78th year, 
s.p.m.s.,(^) when the Barony of Lucas of Crudwell devolved on his ist da. 
and coh., the Dowager Countess Cowper, but the rest of his honours 
devolved as under. ('^) 

III. 1859. 3. George Frederick. Samuel (Robinson), Earl de 

Grey of Wrest [18 16], Earl of Ripon [1833], Viscount 
Goderich of Nocton [1827] and Baron Grantham [1761], nephew and 
h. male, being s. and h. of Frederick John, ist Earl of Ripon and 
Viscount Goderich of Nocton, yst. and only br. of Thomas Philip, Earl 
de Grey of Wrest, &c., abovenamed. On 23 June 1871, he was cr. 
MARQUESS OF RIPON; see that dignity. 

(") In early life he steadily supported Catholic emancipation, and voted with the 
Whigs in 1820 against the (Queen Caroline) Pains and Penalties Bill. He voted for 
the Repeal of the Corn Laws in i 846, but his name is not found in any important party 
divisions thereafter. In his later years he is described as a Liberal-Conservative. V.G. 

C') "Very affectionate, and . . . cultivates with care and waters with tears every 
sorrow that blows . . . The men treat her with the sort of homage one hears was 
shown to Lady Coventry in former times. The admiration she excites is quite curious." 
(Letter of Harriett, Countess Granville). V.G. 

C^) On 6 Feb. 1831, his then only surv. s., Frederick William, d. at Hastings, 
aged 20. 

{^) " A nobleman of great wealth and fine temper, with some perceptions ot 
heart, but perhaps a little too much of the beau sahreur." (Lord Houghton, letter, 
7 Sep. 1841). V.G. 



ii8 DEINCOURT 

DEINCOURTC) 
BARONY BY i. Sir Edmund DeincourTjC-) of Blankney and Bran- 

WRIT. ston, CO. Lincoln, Holmesfield and Elmton, co. Derby, 

, Granby, Notts, Duddington, Northants, &c., s. and h. of 

1299. gj^ j^j^^ Deincourt, of Blankney, ^c. (who iJ. before 

14 Oct. i2 57),('^) by Agnes, da. of Sir Geoffrey de 
Neville, of Raby, co. Durham. ('^) The King took his homage, though he 
was still a minor, on or before 8 Jan. 1 268/9. (*') He was in the Army of Wales 
in 1277, 1282, and 1294, and in the Army of Scotland in 1299.0 He was 
sum. for Military Service(e) from 16 Apr. (1291) 19 Edw. I to i May 
(1325) 18 Edw. II, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June 
(1294) 22 Edw. I.C") to attend the Coronation, 18 Jan. (1307/8) i Edw. II, 
to Councils from 8 Jan. (1308/9) 2 Edw. II to 20 Feb. (1324/5) 
18 Edw. 1 1,0 and to Pari, from 6 Feb. (1298/9) 27 Edw. I to 3 Dec. 

O This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

('') The arms of this family were, Azure, billetty and a fesse dancette Or. 
Aincourt is a village in the Vexin normand. 

("=) Patent Roll, 41 Hen. Ill, m. I. This John had livery of his lands, 19 Sep. 
1246, and was s. and h. of Oliver (who had livery in 1 21 7), by Nichole, to whom 
Nichole (ist da. and coh. of Richard de la Haye, and wife of Gerard de Caunvillc) gave 
Duddington in free marriage: which Oliver was s. and h. of Oliver (aged 24 in 1 186, 
m. Amabel, and a", in or before 1 201), s. and h. of John (who had livery in 1 167-8, znA d. 
6 Nov. 1 1 83), by Alice, sister of Ralph Murdac. John was s. and h. of Walter, s. and 
h. of Ralph (who m. Basilic), s. and h. of Walter d'Aincurt, the Domesday lord of 
Blankney. [Cartulary of Thurgarton, transcript in Lansdowne MSS., no. 207e, 
fF. 22-68, and Cartulary of Kirhtall, Cotton MSS., Vesp., E 18 — passim: Cartulary of 
St. Marys at York, Harl. MSS., no. 236, f. 8 or xx: Pipe Rolls, 14 Hen. II, pp. 64, 75; 
29 Hen. II, p. 66: Addit. Charter, no. 20738: Rot. de Dom.,'^. 10: Oblate Rolls, 2 Job., 
mm. 16, 5; 3 Job., m. 7: Fine Rolls, 6 Job., w. 13; I Hen. Ill, w. I ; 30 Hen. Ill, 
m. 3: Bracton, Note Book, no. 503: Curia Regis, roll no. 152, m. 6 d: Ch. Misc. Inq., 
file 53, no. 24). 

C^) This Agnes was widow of Richard de Percy, of TopclifFe, co. York, who d. 
shortly before 18 Aug. 1244. [Fine Roll, 28 Hen. Ill, m. 3). She was his 2nd wife. 
The Lady Agnes de Percy gave the manor of Steeping, co. Lincoln, to Edmund 
d'Eyncourt her s. and h., and his heirs, by deed dated 20 Edw. I. (Harl. MSS., no. 245, 
by Glover, f. 92 v). She d. before 20 July 1293. [Close Roll, 21 Edw. I, m. 5). 
The effigy on her seal (Harl. Charter, 54, G 12) wears a dress charged with billets and 
a fesse dancette [Deincourt), and holds up two shields, the dexter charged with 5 fusils 
conjoined in fesse [Percy), the sinister with a saltire [Neville of Raby). 

Patent Roll, 53 Hen. Ill, m. 26. 

(') Patent Rolls, 5 Edw. I, m. ID; 27 Edw. I, m. 2: Close Roll, 25 Edw. I, 
m. 10: Scutage Roll, no. 9, w. 3: JVelsh Roll, 14-23 Edw. I, m. 3 d. 

(e) When so sum., 12 Apr. 1 30 1, he had leave to send his sons in his stead, cum 
decenti comitiva. [Close Roll, 29 Edw. 1, m. 11 d). 

C") It was accordingly ordered, 14 June following, that he should not be sum. for 
Gascony: he was however sum. therefor, 16 July. 

(') The Sheriff of Lincoln, having been ordered, 9 May 1324, to summon him 
for a Council, returned that "debilis est et fere etatis Ixxx annorum." [Pari. JFrits, 
vol. ii, part ii, p. 644). 



DEINCOURT 119 

(1326) 20 Edw. 1I,(^) by writs directed Edmiaido De\>icurt or Dcyncoun, 
whereby he is held to have become LORD DEINCOURT-C) He did 
homage for his lands in Burnby, co. York, to three successive Archbishops 
of York, 1299, 1 8 July 1300, and 3 May 13 lo.(') As Edmundus de Eyncourt 
dominus de Thurgerton\ he took part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope, 1 2 Feb. 
1 300/1. He was one of those ordered, 3 Sep. 13 12, to prohibit the Earl oi 
Lancaster and others from repairing to the King with horses and arms-^) 
By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. Michael 1 1 Edw. II, he conveyed the 
manor and soke of Blankney, with the advowson of the chapel there, the 
manors of Branston, Mere, and Granby, a messuage in the bail of Lincoln, 
the advowsons of the Priory of Thurgarton and the Hospital of St. 
Leonard at Stoke, and the manors of Holmesfield and Elmton, save a 
messuage, fsfc., in Elmton, to himself for life: rem. to William s. of John 
Deincourt, rem. to John br. of the same William, in successive tail general: 
rem. to his own right heirs. C) By another fine, of the same date, he 
conveyed the said messuage, i^c, in Elmton, to himself for life: rem. to 
Hamon de Mascy and Joan his wife [late the wife of Edmund s. of John 
Deincourt], for her life:Q rem. to Isabel (*=) da. of Edmund s. of John 

(*) Sum. to Pari. 3 Nov. 1 306, but marked on the list, excusatur per Justic. 
{Fetus Codex, f. 129 v). 

C") As to the writ of 1294 see Preface, and as to how far these early writs of 
summons did in fact create any peerage dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

York Reg., Newark, f. 18, Corbridge, f. 102 v, Greenfield ii, f. 223 v. 

(■3) Patent Roll, 6 Edw. II, p. l, m. 20. 

{f) Feet of Fines, case 285, file 30, no. 129 (the date is partly cut away, and the 
document is now misplaced). The licence, dated 15 May (13 17), states that it was 
granted " pro eo quod dilectus et fidelis nostcr Edmundus Deyncourt advertebat at 
conjecturabat quod cognomen suum et ejus arma post mortem suam in personam 
Isabelle filie Edmundi Deyncourt heredis ejus apparentis a memoria deierentur ac 
corditer afFectabat quod cognomen et arma sua post ejus mortem in memoria 
imposterum haberentur ad requisicionem ejusdem Edmundi et ob grata et laudabilia 
servicia que bone memorie domino E. quondam Regi Anglie patri nostro et 
nobis impendit." {Patent Roll, 10 Edw. II, />. 2, m. 13). There was a previous 
licence, 23 Feb. 1313/4. {Idem, 7 Edw. 11, p. 2, m. 2 1 and schedule). 

In 1326/7 Hamon de Mascy and Joan his wife "quondam uxor 
Edmundi filii Johannis Deyncourt' consanguine! Edmundi Deyncourt' avi predict! 
Edmundi defuncti " claimed the dower of the same Joan " de tcrris et tenementis que 
fuerunt predict! Edmundi avi predict! Edmundi filii Johannis eidem Johanne per ipsum 
Edmundum avum ad ostium ecclesie ut dicitur assignatam." On 8 Mar. 1326/7 
Hamon and Joan had livery of the messuage, bfc, in Elmton, mentioned above. 
{Close Roll, I Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 22 d, ii). Joan is said to have been sister of the 
Earl of Huntingdon, and therefore da. of Sir John de Clinton, of Maxstock, co. Warwick. 

(8) This Isabel was da. and h. of Edmund, which Edmund, who d. before 
23 Feb. 1313/4 {Patent Roll, 7 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 21), was s. and h. of John, s. and 
h. ap. of Edmund Deincourt of Blankney. She was a minor, 20 Apr. 131 7 {Idem, 
10 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 18), and d. s.p., before 20 Feb. 1327/8. If she survived 
her great-grandfather, she was his heir general, and as such, should have a place in 
the text. 



I20 DEINCOURT 

Deincourt, in tail male: rem. to his own right heirs. (*) He m. Isabel, 
da. of Sir Reynold de Mohun, of Dunster, Somerset,('') by his 2nd wife, 
Isabel, da. of William (de Ferrers), Earl of Derby.(''). He d. 6 Jan. 
1326/7.0 

II. 1327. 2. William (Deincourt), Lord Deincourt, grand- 

son and h., being 2nd but ist surv. s. of John Deincourt, 
who was s.and h. ap. of the last Lord, but ^. i; ./>.('') The King took his homage 
and he had livery of his grandfather's lands, 7 Feb. i226/j,(') being then 
aged 26 and more. He did homage and fealty to the Archbishop of York 
for his lands in Burnby, 11 Feb. 1326/7.0 On 20 Feb. 1327/8, after the 
death of Joan, wife of Hamon de Mascy, he obtained possession of the 
messuage, i^c, in Elmton, above mentioned, (^) as the right heir of Edmund 
Deincourt, his grandfather. He was sum. for Military Service against the 
Scots from 5 Apr. (1327) i Edw. Ill to 23 Dec. (1355) 29 Edw. Ill, to 
Councils from 24 Aug. (1336) 10 Edw. Ill to 20 June (1358) 32 Edw. Ill, 
and to Pari, from 20 July (1332) 6 Edw. Ill to i June (1363) 37 Edw. Ill, 
by writs directed WiUelmo de Eyncourt, Deyncourt, or Dayncourt. Appointed 
a justice, in cos. Notts and Derby, to hear and determine the oppressions 

(^) Feet of Fines, case 38, file 27, no. 102. Licences, 20 May and 18 June 
1 31 7. [Patent Roll, 10 Edw. II, p. 2, mm. 10, 3). Joan had married Hamon de 
Mascy, of Dunham Massey, co. Chester, in the interval. 

('') Extracts, by St. George, from the Mohun Cartulary, f. 37 v. 

{^) "Edmundus Dcyncourt." Writs of diem el. ext. 8 Jan. 20 Edw. II. Inq., 
cos. Notts, Derby, Lincoln, 12, 13, 13 Jan. 1326/7. He held the manor and soke of 
Blankney and the manor of Branston, co. Lincoln, I fee, the manors of Holmesfield 
and Elmton, co. Derby, \ fee, and Granby, co. Notts, \ fee, of the King in chief. 
"... predictus Willelmus Dayncourt' consanguineus predicti Edmundi cui predicta 
maneria . . . virtute finis et licencie predictorum revertere debent ut predictum est 
heres est ipsius Edmundi propinquior et est etatis xxvj annorum et amplius." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 102, no. 4). He also held the manors of Duddington, 
Northants, of the King in chief, by the service of a sore sparrow-havi'k or 2s. a year, 
and Wooburn, Bucks, I fee, of the Bishop of Lincoln: also i fee in Burnby, co. York, 
of the Archbishop, per feodum lorice and suit at the Archbishop's court. The escheator 
in CO. Lincoln rendered account for the manors of Blankney and Branston held of the 
King in chief as of the Crown by the service of a knight's fee, and for a messuage in 
the bail of Lincoln held of the King in chief by the service of i^. a year, which Edmund 
Deyncourt had held for life, " a vj'° die Januarii anno xx"° quo die obiit usque vij diem 
Februarii proximo sequentem antequam Rex ceperit homagium Willelmi Deyncourt' 
consanguinei predicti Edmundi." [F.scheators' Accounts, K.R., I, no. 38). 

{^) This John has been frequently confused with John Deincourt, of Knapthorpe, 
Notts, and Morton, co. Derby, who d. in 1322, leaving a s. and h., Roger. (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 72, no. 17). 

if) Escheators Enrolled Accounts, L.T.R., no. 2, mm. 68, 66 d: Close Rolls, 
I Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. II; 2 Edw. Ill, m. 36. Joan, abovenamed, d. shortly before 
26 Jan. 1327/8. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 10, no. 19). 

(*) Fori Reg., Melton, f. 577 v. He is there described as "nepos et heres domini 
Edmundi Dayncourt defuncti." 



DEINCOURT 121 

committed by the King's ministers and others, lo Dec. I340:(') he was 
then a banneret. A commander at the battle of Neville's Cross, 17 Oct. 
1346, being one of those who were thanked, 20 Oct. following, for their 
services. C") On 14 May 1347 he was sum. to join the King before 
Calais-C") He was the principal warder of the King of France when that 
monarch was a prisoner in England, 29 July 1359 to 24 May 1360, 
at Somerton Castle, co. Lincoln, (") and afterwards at Berkhamstead 
Castle, the King being removed to the latter place in Mar. 1359/60, 
by order of the Council, there being a scare of a French invasion. C) 
He ;«., before 26 Mar. 1326, Milicent, ist da. of Sir William la 
ZouCHE, of Harringworth, Northants [Lord Zouche],(*) by Maud, 
da. of Sir John Lovel, of Titchmarsh, Northants, and Minster 
Lovell, Oxon [Lord Lovel]. He d. 2 June 1364.Q His widow's 

(*) Patent Roll, 14 Edw. Ill, p. 3, m. 2d. As a banneret (not as a baron) he 
received a mark a day for his services. A baron, on this commission, received 20s. a 
day. [Close Roll, 15 Edw. III,/., i, m. 39). 

{^) Scottish Rolls, 19 Edw. Ill, m. 2; 20 Edw. Ill, mm. 5, 3: French Roll, 
21 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 10. 

if) King John's removal to Somerton was preceded by a deplorable incident. For 
certain evil-doers broke into the Castle, tapped the casks of wine which had been 
placed there for the King's use, drew off [extraxerunt) most of the wine, and left the 
taps running [fausetta aperta), so that the rest of the wine was lost, in nostri contemptum 
et grave dampnum ac contra pacetn nostram. (Patent Roll, 33 Edw. 1\\, p. I, m. 14 d). 

C^) Indenture by which William Deyncourt banneret, John de Kirlceton banneret, 
and 3 others, knights, engaged to conduct the King of France from Hertford to 
Somerton Castle, and there to keep him safely, with 22 men-at-arms, themselves in- 
cluded, 8 horse-archers, 12 foot-archers, and two warders: taking, as wages, each 
banneret 41., each knight 2s., each esquire I2d., each horse -archer 6d., each foot- 
archer 2^-) and each warder 6d., a day: total, 395. a day, and I2d. extra for William 
Deyncourt to make it up to 4.0s.: to commence the Monday following [29 Jul}]: 
27 July 33 Edw. III. The 40s. was afterwards increased to 455. William had 
50 marks, and the 4 others had 50 marks between them, as a reward, when they were 
discharged, 24 May 1360. {Close Rolls, 33 Edw. Ill, m. 21 r and d; 34 Edw. Ill, 
mm. 38, 35, 33, 30: Patent Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 16). 

(') Grant and licence for William la Zousche of Harringworth to convey the 
Castle of Totnes and the manor of Cornworthy, Devon, the manor of Calstone and 
the hundred of Calne, Wilts, the manor of Meole Brace, Salop, the manor of Hay- 
grove and two parts of the manor of Bridgwater, Somerset, to himself for life: with re- 
mainders to William s. of William la Zousche, to John br. of William s. of William, 
to Roger br. of John, to Thomas, br. of Roger, to John br. of Thomas, to Edmund 
br. of John, to William Dayncourt and Milicent his wife da. of the said William la 
Zousche, to Isabel sister of Milicent, and to Thomasine sister of Isabel, in successive 
tail general: rem. to Hugh de Poynz kt., in fee: 26 Mar. [Patent Roll, 19 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 15). Genealogists have been unanimous in describing this Milicent as a da. 
of Sir William de Ros of Helmsley. 

(') " Willelmus de Dencourt' [or de Dencourt]." Writs of diem cl. ext. 7 June 
38 Edw. III. Inq., Northants, 2 July 1364. "Et dicunt quod idem Willelmus 
obiit secundo die Junii ultimo preterite Et dicunt quod Willelmus filius Willelmi 
filii Willelmi Dencourt' defuncti est heres propinquior ipsius Willelmi et fuit etatis 

16 



122 DEINCOURT 

dower was ordered to be assigned, 5 July I364.(") She d. 11 June 
I379-C') 

III. 1364. 3. William (Deincourt), Lord Deincourt, grand- 

son and h., being s. and h. of Sir William Deincourt, by 
Margaret,('=) '^rd da. of Sir Adam de Welle, of Well, co. Lincoln [Lord 
Welle], which Sir William was s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, but d. v. p. 
He was b., and bap. 26 Dec. 1357, at Kirby Bellars, co. Leicester. ('') The 

octo annorum et amplius ad festum Natalis domini ultimum preteritum." Inq., cos. 
Lincoln, Notts, Derby, Bucks, Thursday after St. Barnabas [13 June], 15 June, 
Monday 17 June, and Tuesday the morrow of St. John the Baptist [25 June] 1364. 
Date of death, and h., aged 7 (cos. Lincoln, Bucks), or 7 and more (cos. Notts, Derby), 
as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 181, no. 1 1). 

(*) Writs de dote assignarida 5 July. {Close Roll, 38 Edw. Ill, m. 12). Two writs 
de non intromittendo, of the same date, liberated to her the vill of Duddington, 
Northants, and the manor of Wooburn, Bucks, wliich William Dencourt had held at 
his death jointly with Milicent his wife surviving. [Idem, m. 14). William la Zouche 
of Harringworth had enfeoffed them of the said manor to them and the heirs of their 
bodies, according to the Inq. of 10 Aug. 1379 mentioned in the next note. 

(b) " Milicenta que fuit uxor Willelmi Dayncourt' [or Dayncourt] defuncti." Writs 
of diem cl. ext. 26 July 3 Ric. II. Inq. cos. Lincoln, Notts, Northants, Bucks, Monday 
the Feast of St. Peter ad vincula, Monday before, and Tuesday the vigil of, St. Law- 
rence, and Wednesday before the Assumption [i, 8, 9, 10 Aug.] 1379. "Et 
quod dicta Milicenta obiit die Mercurii proxima ante festum [Nativitatis] sancti 
Johannis Baptiste [die Mercurii proxima post festum sancti Botulphi Abbatis — co. 
Northants] anno secundo Regis nunc Et dicunt quod Willelmus Deyncourt filius 
predicti Willelmi Deyncourt filii Willelmi Deyncourt et Milicente Deyncourt uxoris 
sue ... est propinquior heres dicte Milicente Et . . . est etatis viginti et unius anni 
[xxij annorum — cos. Lincoln, Northants'] et amplius [est plene etatis — co. Notts]." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 8, no. 18: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 44, no. 6). 

(') Indenture of agreement " enter Monsire Adam de Welle et Monsire Williem 
de Dyncourt qe Williem leisne fitz le dit Monsire Williem esposera Margarete la fille 
le dit monsire Adam a la primere cressance a pres la feste de Nouwel proschein auenir 
Et le dit monsire Adam donera au dit monsire Williem sept Centz Marz . . . Et le dit 
monsire Williem par conge du Roi purchace par le dit monsire Williem ferra estat a 
les auanditz Williem et Margarete du Manoir de Blaunkenay et des passages de 
Martonedyk fors pris le bois qest appelle Blaunkeneyehawe . . . et forpris les feez qe 
sont aillours qe en Blaunkeneye ... A auoir et tenir a eux et a les heirs de lour 
corps engendrez." Given at Branston theday of St. Denis 17 Edw. Ill [9 Oct. 1343]. 
(Orig., sealed with the arms of Deincourt, crest, a conical cap between two horns, 
Harl. Charter, 57, G 9). William Deyncourt to grant the manor of Blankney, 
except the knights' fees and 80 acres of wood, to William s. of William Deyncourt, and 
Margaret da. of Adam de Welle, and the heirs of their bodies, with reversion to him- 
self and his heirs. Writ 10 Dec. 17 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. q. d. 22 Dec. 1343 (file 266, 
no. 6), licence 16 Jan. 1343/4 [Patent Roll, 17 Edw. Ill, p- 2, m. 3). Adam de 
Welle, by his will, dated Thursday the Feast of St. Matthias 1344 [24 Feb. 1344/5], 
left "Margarete Deyncurt' filie mee xx marcas." 

[^) Writ de etate probanda 8 Jan. 2 Ric. II. "Probacio etatis Willelmi filii 
Willelmi Deyncourt militis consanguinei et heredis Willelmi Deyncourt defuncti," 



DEINCOURT 123 

King took his homage and fealty, and he had hvery of his grandfather's lands, 
8 Mar. 1378/9. (*) He was sum. to Pari, from 26 Aug. (1380) 4 Ric. 11 
to 22 Aug. (138 1) 5 Ric. II, by writs directed Johanni \}ic\(^') Deyncourt or 
Dayncourt. He m. Alice, istda.('=) of Sir John de Neville, of Raby, co. 
Durham [Lord Neville], by his ist wife, Maud, da. of Sir Henry de 
Percy, of Alnwick, Northumberland [Lord Percy]. He J. 15 or 
16 Oct. 138 1,('^) aged 23. His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 24 Dec. 1381.0 She d. 20 June 1433, having lived a 

Leicester, Wednesday after St. Peter in cathedra [23 Feb.] 1378/9. "... predictus 
Willelmus est etatis xxj annorum et amplius . . . predictus Willelmus filius Willelmi 
Deyncourt natus fuit apud Kyrkby Belers in comitatu predicto et in ecclesia beate 
Marie ibidem baptizatus die sancti Stephani in septimana Natalis domini anno regni 
domini E. nuper Regis Anglie avi domini Regis nunc xxxj°." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Ric. II, file 6, no. 138). 

(^) Close Ro/i, 2 Ric. II, m. 14. This is, iiowever, merely tiie st}'le of the 
Chancery in letters close to escheators. His fealty was actually taken by the Chancellor, 
Richard Lescrope. {Ch. Privy Seals, I, fiIe459,no. 668). On 14 Aug. 1379, after the 
death of his grandmotlier, Milicent, he had livery of the manor of Granby, which 
she had held in dower. Two writs de non intro»iittendo, of the same date, liberated 
to him the manor of Wooburn and lands and rent in Duddington, of which the said 
Milicent and William Deyncourt kt. formerly her husband had been jointly enfeoffed. 
{filose Roll, 3 Ric. II, m. 39). 

(*>) It is so in all the (three) writs as enrolled, but it is certainly a mistake for 
IVillelmo, though there was a John Deincourt living at the time. 

(■=) Fifteenth century pedigree of Neville. (GV^fo/s^/i/, N.S., vol. iii, p. 108). Her 
father, "Johannes de Nevill' dominus de Raby," by his will, dated 31 Aug. 1386, left 
"Alesie Deyncourt filie mee xij discos vj saucers et ij oUas potellers argenteas," also 
"j lectum rubeum quiltpoint cum j testro de eadem setta loco cujusdam alterius lecti 
quondam sibi legati." 

C^) " Willelmus Deyncourte \or Deyncourt]." Writs of diem d. ext. 3 and 4 Nov. 
5 Ric. II. Inq., cos. Notts, Lincoln, 13 Nov. and Tuesday after St. Lucy [17 Dec] 
1 38 1. "Et dicunt eciam quod dictus Willelmus obiit die Mercurii proximo ante 
[post, i.e. 23 Oct. — CO. Notts'] festum sancti Luce Ewangeliste anno supradicto 
Item . . . dicunt quod Radulphus Dayncourte est filius et propinquior heres predicti 
Willelmi Dayncourte et est [erit — co. Notts] etatis ad festum Nat' sancti Johannis 
Baptiste proximo futurum duorum annorum." Inq., cos. Northants, Derby, Bucks, 
12, 16 Nov., 16 Dec. 1 38 1. "Et dicunt quod idem Willelmus Deyncourt obiit 
quintodecimo die Octobris ultimo preterito Et dicunt quod Radulphus Deyncourt 
filius dicti Willelmi est ejus propinquior heres et est etatis unius anni et amplius." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 18, no. 20: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 47, no. 4, and Enrolments, 
nos. 204, 209, 212). 

(*=) Writs de dote assignanda 24 Dec. and writ of amotus (cos. Notts and Derby) 
5 May. {Close Roll, 5 Ric. II, mm. 23, 8). Assignments, co. Lincoln, Wednesday 
after St. Hilary [15 Jan.] 138 1/2, and co. Bucks, undated. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, 
file 18, no. 20). On 18 Mar. 1385/6 she had livery of the manors of Blankncy and 
Branston, co. Lincoln, and of certain rents in Holmesfield and Elmton, co. Derby, 
which the King had assigned to her in dower. {Close Roll, 9 Ric. II, m. 8). The 
unscrupulous monarch thus actually endowed her of the capital messuage of her 
husband's barony. 



124 DEINCOURT 

widow for over 51 years.(*) Will dat. at Lincoln, 5 May 1433, 
no probate. C") 

4. Ralph Deincourt, s. and h., b. 24 June 1380. He d. 7 Nov. 
1384,0 aged 4. 

5. Sir John Deincourt, of Granby, Elmton, Wooburn, i^c., next 
br. and h., b. (posthumous) 28 Feb. 138 1/2, at Middleham, co. York, and 
bap. there the next day.('') He was knighted by the King on the eve of 
the Coronation, 12 Oct. 1399, at the Tower.C) He had livery of his 
father's lands, 18 Feb. 1404/5, his homage being respited, and his fealty 
being ordered to be taken by the escheator in cos. Notts and Derby.Q 
He m., before 17 Feb. 1 400/1, Joan, da. and h..{f) of Sir Robert Grey, of 

if) " Alesia que fuit uxor Willelmi Deyncourt militis senioris que quasdam 
terras et quedam tenementa . . . tenuit in dotem et alias . . . de hereditate Alesie 
uxoris Willelmi Lovell' militis et Margarete uxoiis Radulphi Cromwell' militis 
sororum etheredum Willelmi Deyncourt militis [j;V] filii et heredisjohannis Deyncourt 
militis fratris et hercdis Radulphi Deyncourt filii et heredis predicti Willelmi 
Deyncourt militis senioris." Writ of diem cl. ext. 4 July 1 1 Hen. VI. Inq., co. 
Lincoln, Wednesday before St. Laurence [5 Aug.] 1433. "... eadem Alesia obiit 
die sabati proximo ante festum Nativitatis sancti Johannis Baptiste ultimo preteritum." 
(Ch. Inq. p. w., Hen. VI, file 58, no. 30: Exch. Inq. />. m., I, file 152, no. 3). 

C") Lincoln Reg., vol. xvii, ff. 1 50-15 I. "Alesia domina Deyncourt . . . cor- 
pusque meum sepeliendum in loco per me prius electo et preparato infra ecclesiam 
conventualem de Thurgarton'." 

("=) " Radulphus Deyncourt filius et heres Willelmi Deyncourt defuncti." 
Writs oi devenenmt 14 Feb. 3 Hen. IV. Inq., cos. Notts, Derby, Northants, Bucks, 
Lincoln, 21, 23, 24, 25 Feb. 1401/2, and Saturday the Feast of the Translation of 
St. Swithin [15 July] 1402. " Et dicunt quod predictus Radulphus Deyncourt obiit 
die Lune [Mercurii, i.e. 9 Nov. — co. Lincoln^ proximo ante festum sancti Martini in 
yeme anno regni regis Ricardi secundi nuper Regis Anglie octavo Et quod 
Johannes Deyncourt chivaler frater dicti Radulphi est heres ejus propinquior et est 
etatis viginti annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. IV, file 30, no. 16; 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 79, no. 4). 

(*) Writ de etate probanda 16 July 4 Hen. IV. "Probacio etatis Johannis 
Deyncourt' chivaler fratris et heredis Radulphi Deyncourt' filii et heredis Willelmi 
Deyncourt' defuncti," Stillingfleet, co. York, 13 Dec. 1403. "...predictus 
Johannes Deyncourt' chivaler natus fuit apud Midelham ultimo die Februarii anno 
regni domini R. nuper Regis Anglie secundi post conquestum quinto et primo die 
Marcii proximo sequent' in ecclesia de Midelham predicta baptizatus fuit . . . predictus 
Johannes Deyncourt' fuit etatis xxj annorum ultimo die Februarii anno regni domini 
Regis nunc quarto." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file 40, no. 46). 

if) Chron. of London, edit. Kingsford, p. 48. 

(^) Close Roll, 6 Hen. IV, m. ig. A writ de non molestando to the Chancellor, 
Thomas Longley elk., dated 23 Nov. (1405) 7 Hen. IV, states that the King took 
the homage of John Deyncourt chr. on that day. (Ch. Privy Seals, 1, file 628, no. 4593). 
There is a similar writ, of the same date, to the Treasurer and Baronsof the Exchequer. 
{Close Roll, m. 39). 

(e) She was also heir to any Barony of Grey (of Rotherfield) that may be held 
to have existed. 



DEINCOURT 125 

Rotherfield, Oxon, by his ist wife, Joan. They had livery of her inheri- 
tance, 27 Feb. 1 400/ 1, his fealty therefor being ordered to be taken by 
the Prior of Shelford, Notts.(^) He J. 11 May i4o6,('') aged 24. His 
widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, 15 July 1406. ("=) She, who was 
l>. on or just before 20 July 1386, at Rotherfield, and i'ap. there,^) c/. 
20 Nov. i4o8,('=) aged 22. 

6. William Deincourt, of Duston, Northants,Q s. and h., aged 3 and 
more at his father's death. He m. (lie. 3 Jan. 141 7/8, to marry in the chapel 

(^) They had, at this date, livery of her father's lands, and of the manor of 
Olton in SoHhull, co. Warwick, which her uncle, Richard Grey chr. deceased, had 
held for life. {C/ose Roll, 2 Hen. IV, />. i, mm. 13, 12). Although John Deincourt 
could sue out his wife's livery as soon as he had proved her age (14), he could not 
yet sue out his own, as he was still a minor. 

(•>) "Johannes Dencourt miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 17 May 7 Hen. IV. 
Inq., cos. Notts, Derby, Bucks, York, Lincoln, Northants, Saturday the vigil of, 
Monday and Tuesday after, Trinity [5, 7, 8 June], 8 June, Saturday 19 June, 
and Friday after SS. Peter and Paul [2 July] 1406. "Et dicunt quod predictus 
Johannes Dencourt miles obiit undecimo [xv — co. Bucks] die Maii ultimo preterito 
Et dicunt quod Willelmus [Johannes — co. Bucks] Dencourt est filius et heres ejus 
propinquior et est etatis trium annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. IV, file 54, 
no. 30: Exch. Inq. p. m., I., file 87, nos. 4, I I, and Enrolments, nos. 412, 416). 

(^) Writs de dote assignanda 15 July. {Close Roll, 7 Hen. IV, m. 6). 

('') "Wnt de etate probanda 17 Feb. 2 Hen. IV. " Probacio etatis Johanne filie 
et heredis Roberti Grey de Retherfeld' chivaler defuncti," Henley, 23 Feb. 1400/1. 
"... dicit ipsam Johannam filiam et heredem Roberti Grey esse et fuisse etatis xiiij 
annorum et ampHus die sancte Margarete virginis ultimo preterito anno regni diet! 
domini Regis nunc primo." . . . "Retherfeld' ubi predicta Johanna nata et baptizata 
fuit." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file 64, no. 84). The writ was sued out by her 
husband, John Deyncourt. 

(^) " Johanna que fuit uxor Johannis Deyncourt chivaler defuncti." Writs of 
diem. cl. ext. 20 Nov. [sic] ID Hen. IV. {Fine Roll, m. 24). Inq., co. York, 13 Apr. 
1409. "Item dicunt quod predicta Johanna defuncta obiit in festo sancti Edmundi 
Regis ultimo preterito et quod Willelmus filius predicte Johanne est heres propinquior 
dicte Johanne et est etatis quinque annorum et amplius." Inq., Oxon, Thursday 
after Easter [i I Apr.] 1409. Writ of mandamus 11 Nov. I Hen. VI. Inq., Oxon, 
22 Nov. 1422. Date of death, as before: heirs, as in the inquisitions on the said 
William. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file 74, no. 49; Hen. VI, file 8, no. 69: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 92, no. 13, file 129, no. 2). 

(') Licence for Joan Deyncourt, da. and h. of Robert Grey of Rotherfield chr. 
deceased, to enfeoff Alice, late the wife of William d'Eyncourt chr., and others, of the 
manor of Duston, Northants, and for them to re-enfeoff her of the same for life, rem. 
to William Deyncourt her son, in tail general, rem. to Alice and Margaret sisters of 
the same William, in tail general, rem. to her own right heirs: I May 1407. {Patent 
Roll, 8 Hen. IV, p. 2, m. 19). By her charter, dated at Thurgarton, Sunday after 
St. James 9 Hen. IV [29 July 1408], Joan, late the wife of John, Lord Deyncourt, 
da. and h. of Robert Gray of Rothyrfel'd' kt., remitted and quitclaimed to Alice, Lady 
Deyncourt, and others, all her right and claim in the manors of Stillingfleet, Moreby 



126 DEINCOURT 

of Beaumanor in the parish of Barrow-on-Soar, co. Leicester)('') Elizabeth, 
da. of Sir Henry de Beaumont, of Falkingham, co. Lincoln [Lord Beau- 
mont], by Elizabeth, da. of Sir William de Willoughby, of Eresby in that 
CO. [Lord Willoughby]. He d. s.p., 5 Sep. 1422. C') At his death any 
Baronies of Deincourt and Grey (of Rotherfield), that may be supposed to 
have existed, fell into abeyance. His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 8 Feb. 1422/3. (") She m., 2ndly (papal mandate for disp., 15 July 
i427),('^) as 2nd wife. Sir Richard Hastinges, of Newton Harcourt, co. 
Leicester, Allerston, co. York, tfc, who was aged 24 and more in Apr. 
1407, C) and d. s.p., 10 Sep. 1436.0 Her dower was ordered to be assigned, 
7 Nov. 1436.(6) Shew. ,3rdly,as2nd wife, Sir ThomasNEviLLE, of Brancepeth, 



Askham Brian, Dringhouses, Bainton, ^c, co. York, Bedale, b'c, co. Richmond, 
Duston, Northants, and Olton by Solihull, co. Warwick, which they had of her gift 
and enfeofFment. {De Banco, Mich., 10 Hen. IV, deeds enrolled, m. i). Joan died soon 
afterwards, and these feoffees enfeoffed her son William of the manor of Duston, with 
the said remainders, and he died seized thereof, according to the Inq. of 16 Nov. 1422, 
mentioned below. 

(») Licence from the Bishop of Lincoln, dated 3 Jan. 1407 [/. 141 7], to the 
Lady Elizabeth de Beaumont [widow of Henry], for the marriage of William to 
Elizabeth, her da., to be celebrated in this chapel. {Lincoln Reg., vol. xv, f. 178 v). 

C") "Willelmus filius et heres Johannis Deyncourt militis et Johanne nuper 
uxoris sue defunctorum." Writs of devenerunt 24 Oct. i Hen. VI. Inq., cos. 
Oxon, Northants, York, Notts, Derby, Bucks, Lincoln, 16 Nov., Monday before, 
and the morrow of, St. Hugh the Bishop [16, 18 Nov.], 18, 20, 24 Nov., and 
Saturday after St. Katherine [28 Nov.] 1422. " Et dicunt quod predictus Willelmus 
filius predict! Johannis Deyncourt obiit quinto die Septembris ultimo preterito et quod 
Alesia et Margareta sorores ipsius Willelmi sunt heredes ejus propinquiores et dicunt 
quod dicta Alesia in festo sancti Mathie Apostoli ultimo preterito fuit etatis decern et 
octo annorum et quod dicta Margareta in festo sancti Mathei Apostoli et Evangcliste 
ultimo preterito fuit etatis decem et septem annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, 
file I, no. 24: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 129, no. 2). 

("=) Writs de dote assignanda 8 Feb. {Close Roll, I Hen. VI, m. 7). 

('') Papal mandate to the Archbishop of York, dated id. Jul. 10 Martin V 
[15 July 1427], to issue a dispensation that Richard Hastynges kt., and Elizabeth, late 
the wife of William Deyncourt, Lord of Deyncourt, might intermarry, although the 
said Richard and William were related in the 2nd-3rd degrees of consanguinity. {Papai 
Letters, vol. vii, p. 529). There are no letters patent from the Archbishop, granting 
this dispensation, entered on Kemp's Register. 

C) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Ralph Hastynges chr.), Hen. IV, file 58, no. 50. 

(') "Ricardus Hastynges miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 22 Sep. 15 Hen. VI. 
Inq., cos. York, Leicester, Warwick, Northants, 16, 20, 22 Oct., and Thursday before 
All Saints [25 Oct.] 1436. "Et dicunt quod predictus Ricardus Hastynges obiit die 
Lune proximo post festum Nativitatis beate Marie virginis ultimo preterits sine exitu 
de corpore suo exeunte Et quod Leonardus Hastynges est frater et heres ejusdem 
Ricardi propinquior et est etatis xl annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, 
file 83, no. 58: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 161, no. 6). 

(s) Writ de dote assignanda (co. Leicester) 7 Nov. {Close Roll, 15 Hen. VI, 
m. 22). 



DEINCOURT 127 

CO. Durham, sometime Chief Steward of the Bishopric. (^) She d. s.p., 20 
or 27 July 1447. H He d. 22 Feb. 1457/8. (') 

His coheirs were his two sisters, who, when yet unmarried, had livery 
of their purparties of the inheritance, 8 Feb. 1422/3, their homages being 
respited, and their fealties being ordered to be taken by the Prior of Thur- 
garton.C^) They were (i) Alice, for whom see below. (2) Margaret, l>. 
21 Sep. 1405. She m., before 3 Nov. 1423, Sir Ralph Cromwell, some- 
times called Lord Cromwell, of Tattershall, co. Lincoln. She d. s.p., 1 6 Sep. 

(*) Durham Cunitors' Records, Chancery Roll 47, m. 2. He was a yr. br. of Ralph, 
2nd Earl of Westmorland. 

C') "Elizabetha nuper domina Deyncourt que fuit uxor Thome Nevell' militis." 
Writs of diem cl. ext. 19 Aug. 25 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Warwick, Lincohi, Derby, 
Notts, Northants, Oxon, Monday before St. Luke [16 Oct.], Tuesday, Thursday, and 
Friday, after SS. Simon and Jude [31 Oct., 2, 3 Nov.] 1447, Saturday before the 
Purification [27 Jan.] 1447/8, and 29 Oct. 1448. " Et dicunt quod dicta Elizabetha 
obiit die Jovis proximo post [ante — cos. IFarzvtck, Northants] festum sancti Jacobi 
Apostoli ultimo preteritum [anno regni domini Regis nunc vicesimo quint(5 — co. Oxon] 
Et quod Johannes vicecomcs Beaumont [or de Bello Monte] miles est frater et 
heres propinquior dicte Elizabethe et est etatis triginta annorum et amplius." She 
held at her death in dower the manor of Burton juxta IFolvev [Burton Hastings], 
CO. Warwick, " ex dotacione Ricardi Hastynges militis nuper viri sui defuncti." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 125, no. lo: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 184, no. 9). 

(■=) "Thomas Nevill' nuper de Braunspath miles." Writ of diem cl. ext. 
24 Feb. 36 Hen. VI. Inq., co. York, 31 Oct. 1458. " Et dicunt quod predictus 
Thomas Nevyll' obiit xxij die Februarii ultimo preterito et quod Umfridus Nevyll' 
est filius et heres propinquior ejusdem Thome et est etatis xviij annorum et amplius." 
Writ o{ amotus 2 Dec. 37 Hen. VI. Inq., Northumberland, 30 Jan. 1458/9. Date 
of death, and h., aged 21 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 167, 
no. 6, file 174, no. 36). This Humphrey was born at Slingsby, co. York, in 1439. 
[Durham Cursitors' Records, Chancery Roll 49, m. 2 d). 

(■J) Fine Roll, I Hen. VI, m. g: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 129, no. 2. On 4 July 
1424 the King, having taken the fealty of Ralph Cromwell chr., ordered the escheator 
in Northants to take the fealty of William Lovell chr., and to liberate the manor of 
Duston — which William, s. and h. of John Deyncourt kt., defunctus, had held of the 
grant of Alice, Lady Deyncourt, and others — to William Lovell and Alice in's wife, 
Ralph Cromwell and Margaret his wife. {Close Roll, 2 Hen. VI, m. l). On I I Aug. 
1433 the King took the homage and fealty of William Lovell kt., and the fealty of 
Ralph Cromwell kt., and ordered the escheator in co. Lincoln to divide into two equal 
parts the lands [viz. the manors of Blankney and Branston, held of the King by barony], 
which Alice, late the wife of William Deyncourt kt. senior, defuncta, had held in dower 
of the dotation of the same William, and to give seizin to William Lovell and Alice, 
Ralph Cromwell and Margaret, of their purparties: William alone had to do homage 
because he had issue by his wife, whereas Ralph was childless. {Fine Roll, 1 1 Hen. VI, 
m. 3). William's fealty on this occasion was actually taken by the Chancellor, the Bishop 
of Bath. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 697, no. 2769). On 14 Feb. 1447 the escheators 
were ordered to divide into two equal parts the lands which Elizabeth, late Lady 
Deyncourt, had held in dower of the dotation of William, Lord Deyncourt kt. [sic], 
and to give seizin to William, Lord Lovell kt., and Alice his wife, and to Ralph, Lord 
Cromwell kt., and Margaret his wife, of their purparties. {Fine Roll, 26 Hen. VI, m. 5). 



128 DEINCOURT 

I454,(*) aged nearly 49, and was bur. in Tattershall Collegiate Church. At 
her death the abeyance of the Baronies of Deincourt and Grey (of Rother- 
field) terminated. Her husband d. s.p., 4 Jan. 1 455/6, (**) and was bur. with 
her. M.l. to both at Tattershall. (<^) Will dat. at Colly Weston, North- 
ants, 18 Dec. 1451 30 Hen. VI, pr. at Lambeth, 19 Feb. 1455/6. C^) 

7. Alice Deincourt, abovenamed, b. 25 Feb. 1403/4. At the 
death of her sister, 16 Sep. 1454, she became sole h. to the Baronies of 
Deincourt and Grey (of Rotherfield). She petitioned the King that she 
might enter and hold all the lands whereof her sister, Margaret, wife of 
Ralph Cromwell kt., had died seized, and all the lands which, after the death 
of Ralph, ought to descend to her as her sister's heir, without any inquisitions 
being taken after the death of Margaret or that of Ralph, and without suing 
out her livery iC') this was granted by the King, with the assent of the 
Lords spiritual and temporal, 3 Mar. 1455/6.0 On 28 Apr. 1458 she had 

(") " Margareta que fuit uxor Radulphi Cromwell' militis." Writs of diem d. ext. 
I Oct. 33 Hen. VI, and writ of amotus (co. Warwick) 4 May 33 Hen. VI. Inq., 
COS. Northants, Derby, Notts, Lincoln, York, Bucks, Oxon, Warwick, the vigil of, and 
Monday and Tuesday after, All Saints [31 Oct., 4, 5 Nov.], 4 Nov., 20 Dec. 1454, 
Friday after St. Hilary [17 Jan.], 31 Jan. 1454/5, and 10 May 1455. " Et ulterius... 
dicunt quod eadem Margareta obiit sextodecimo die Septembris ultimo preterito sine 
herede de corpore suo exeunte Et quod Alicia uxor Willelmi Lovell' chivaler domini 
Lovell' [de Lovell' — co. Notts: de Lowell' — co. Derby] est soror ipsius Margarete et 
ejus heres propinquior Et quod eadem Alicia est etatis quadraginta [triginta — 
CO. IVarwick] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. «., Hen. VI, file 159, no. 34: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 196, no. i). 

(•>) Writs oi diem. cl. ext. — to 10 escheators — 13 Jan. {Fine Roll, 34 Hen. VI, 
m. 24). There were no consequent inquisitions, as his coheirs obtained licence, 
14 Feb. 1455/6, to enter all the lands whereof he died seized in his demesne as of 
fee or in fee tail, without any inquisitions being taken {Patent Roll, 34 Hen. VI, m. 21), 
and Alice Lovell was similarly exempted, as mentioned in the text. 

(■=) Printed in Dugdale's Baronage, vol. ii, p. 46: also copied in Holies' Church 
Notes, Harl. MSS., no. 6829, p. 184 (edit. Lincoln Rec. Soc, p. 139). In this M.I. he 
is said to have d. 4 Jan. 1455, and his wife 15 Sep. 1454. 

{^) P.C.C., 5 Stokton, f. 39-40: 2'ori Reg. (pr. "in parlore infra hospicium 
nostrum prope Westm'," 18 Feb. 1455/6, with a codicil, dated the Feast of St. 
Michael 1454, pr. — same place — 21 Feb. 1455/6), Booth, fF. 262-265 v: Lincoln Reg. 
(pr. "infra palacium regium Westm'," no date), vol. xx, fF. 36 v-38. " Radulphus 
dominus Cromwell' miles . . . corpus meum sepeliendum in medio chori ecclesie 
collegiate de Tatteshale quousque dicta ecclesia collcgiata de Tatteshale de novo sit 
edificata et constructa et tunc postea meum corpus sit rcmotum et in medio chori ecclesie 
collegiate de nova construende sic sepeliendum." 

(^) Ancient Petitions, file 28, no. 1390: docketed 19 Feb., endorsed as conceded 
3 Mar. anno 34. She petitioned as " Alise that was the wyf of William Lovell' 
knyghte," and tendered, as was then usual, the exact text of the letters patent required: 
a curious but prudent custom. — " For when ye seek favours of the great, behoves ye 
know the very thing ye aim at." 

(f) Pari. Rolls, vol. v, pp. 339-340: Patent Roll, 34 Hen. VI, m. 19. 



DEINCOURT 129 

pardon for all fines, reliefs, isfc, incurred on entering her inheritance. (") 
She was governess to Edward, Prince of Wales, who on 23 Mar. 1459/60 
was removed from her keeping, as being of an age [nearly 6^ years] to be 
committed to the care of men, and because she was oppressed with grave 
infirmities of body and sight. (') She ;«., istly, before 3 Nov. i423,('') 
Sir William Lovell, sometimes called Lord Lovell, of Titchmarsh, 
Northants, and Minster Lovell, Oxon. He ^. 13 June I455.("=) Will, 
directing his burial to be in the Church of the Grey Friars, Oxford, dat. 
18 Mar. 1454 [1454/5] 33 Hen. VI, codicil 5 June 1455 ^""^ another 
undated, pr. at Boughton, co. Lincoln, i Sep. 1455. {Lincoln Reg., vol. xx, 
ff. 22V-26). Her dower was ordered to be assigned, 21 Oct. 1455. C) 
She m., 2ndly (royal lie. 8 Jan. 1462/3, for a fine of ;/,'ioo),(°) as 2nd wife. 
Sir Ralph Boteler, sometimes called Lord Sudeley, of Sudeley, co. Glou- 
cester. He ^. J./>., 2 May 1473.0 Her dower was ordered to be assigned, 
12 July 1473.(8) She d. 10 Feb. i473/4,('') aged nearly 70. 

(») Pattnt Rolls, 36 Hen. VI, />. 2, m. 2; 38 Hen. VI, /. 2, m. 27. 

('') " Elizabetha nuper domina de Clynton'." Inq., Oxon, Wednesday after 
All Saints [3 Nov.] 1423. She held at her death the manors of Cogges and Hard- 
wick, b'c, " in doterp ex dotacione Roberti Grey nuper domini de Rotherfeld' quondam 
viri sui de hereditate Alesie uxoris Willelmi domini Lovell' et de Holaiid' et Margarete 
uxoris Radulphi de Cromwell' domini de Tateshale filiarum et heredum Johanne 
filie et heredis prefati Roberti." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 12, no. 36). See 
Grey of Rotherfield. On 27 Nov. 1423 the King, having taken the fealty of 
Ralph de Cromwell, Lord of Tattershall, ordered the eschcators in cos. Oxon and 
Warwick that, the fealty of William, Lord of Lovell and of Holand, having been taken 
in CO. Oxon, they should divide into two equal parts the lands which Elizabeth had 
thus held in dower, and give seizin to Ralph and Margaret, William and Alice, of their 
purparties. [Fine Roll, 2 Hen. VI, m. 8). 

(<=) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on William Lovell kt.), Hen. VI, file 158, no. 28. See 
Lovell of Titchmarsh. 

(^) Writs de dote aaignanda 21 Oct. {Close Roll, 34 Hen. VI, m. 12). 

(«) Patent Roll, 2 Edw. IV, /.. 2, m. 1 I. 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Ralph Boteler of Sudeley kt.), Edw. IV, file 47, no. 58. 
See Sudeley. 

(8) Writs de dote assignanda I 2 July. A writ de non intromittendo, of the same 
date, liberated to her the manor of Fairfield, Wc, co. Worcester, of which Ralph 
Boteler of Sudeley kt. deceased and Alice his wife surviving had been jointly enfeoffed, 
23 Feb. 8 Edw. IV, for a term of 60 years or until their deaths if they should 
happen to die within the said term [she was 65 and he some years older at the date of 
the enfeoffment]. {Close Roll, 13 Edw. IV, m. 12). Her dower in co. Warwick 
was assigned, 12 Sep. 1473. (^h. Inq. p. m., Edw. IV, file 47, no. 73). 

C") "Alesia Loveir vidua." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 12 Feb. 13 Edw. IV. Inq., 
CO. Bucks, 20 June 1474. "Et quod Franciscus Lovell' est consanguin/'us et heres 
ejusdem Alesie videlicet filius Johannis filii ejusdem Alesie et est etatis decem et octo 
annorum et quinque mens« et amplius et quod predicta Alesia obiit decimo die 
Februarii anno regni domini Regis nunc xiij°." Inq., cos. Warwick, York, Oxon, 
Wilts, Lincoln (2), Gloucester, Northants, 26 Apr., 30 May, 28 and 31 Oct. 1474, 
15 May, Thursday 18 May, 10 June, and 8 Aug. 1475. Date of death, and heir, 
aged 17 and more (co. Warwick), 18 and more (cos. York, Wilts), 19 and more 



I30 DEINCOURT 

Her heir was her grandson, Francis Lovell, Lord Lovell, who was 
aged 1 8 years and 5 months in June 1474. Any hereditary Baronies of 
Deincourt and Grey (of Rotherfield), that may be supposed to have been 
created by writs of 1299 and 1338 respectively, were thus united to the 
Barony of Lovell. 

DEINCOURT OF SUTTON 

BARONY. I. "Francis Leeke, of Sutton, co. Derby, Knt. and 

. f. Bart.,"C) was on 26 Oct. 1624 cr. "BARON DEIN- 

1. 1624. COURT OF SUTTON, co. Derby."(0 He was, on 

1 1 Nov. 1645, ^^- EARL OF SCARSDALE, co. Derby. 
See "ScARSDALE," Earldom of, cr. 1645; extinct I736.('') 



DEIVILLEC=) 

Sir John d'Eiville (correctly de Daiville),('') of Egmanton, 



(cos. Oxon, Gloucester, Northants), or 20 and more (co. Lincoln), as before. Francis 
is called "nunc dominus Lovell'" (co. Gloucester), and his father, "nuper dominus 
Lovell' \or de Lovell']" (cos. York, Wilts, and Gloucester). (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. IV, 
file 47, no. 64; file 52, no. 31: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 228, no. 2). 

(=■) See Creations, 1 483-1 646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Public Records. 

i^) By Royal lie, 27 July 1835, Charles Tennyson (a younger br. of the Poet's 
father) took the name and arms of D'Eyncourt, in compliance with his father's testa- 
mentary direction, "in order to commemorate (i) his descent from the ancient and 
noble family of D'Eyncourt, Barons D'Eyncourt of Blankney, and (2) his represen- 
tation in blood as coh. [not of the family of Deincourt, but] of the Earls of Scarsdale, 
Barons D'Eyncourt of Sutton." As to the latter statement, the petitioner's grand- 
mother (whom he did not represent), Elizabeth Clayton, was da. and h. of Dorothy 
Hildyard, who was a granddaughter and coh. of Lady Anne Leeke, one of the six 
daughters (whose issue became co-representatives) of Sir Francis Leeke, cr. Earl of 
Scarsdale and Baron Deincourt of Sutton. This might be some reason (especially if 
any property had been inherited, which is not likely and certainly was not alleged) for 
taking the surname of Leeke, but none for taking the name of one of the peerage 
dignities of the Leeke family as a surname. As to the first statement, there is indeed 
a descent of Tennyson, through Clayton, Hildyard, Pitt, Savage, Parker, and Lovell, 
from Deincourt, but the representation of the family of Deincourt is in the descendants 
(and these are to be numbered by thousands) of John, Lord Lovell, and not in those of 
his younger brother, William Lovell, Lord Morley, from whom the Tennysons are 
descended; moreover, the family of Hildyard did not ever in any way represent that of 
Pitt (afterwards Barons Rivers), whose numerous representatives are also those of 
this William Lovell, himself but a younger son. 

(<=) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(^) The arms of this family were. Or, a fesse Gules, and semy of fleurs-de-lis, 
counterchanged. The surname of Robert, dominus de Kilburne in 1147, is written 
de Davidvilla in the Register of Byland Abbey {Monasticon, vol. v, p. 351), and he 
appears as a witness to several charters of Roger de Moubray as Rohertus de Daievilla 



DEIVILLE 131 



Notts, Adlingfleef, Kilburn, and Thornton, co. York, s. and h. of Sir 
Robert de Daiville (living in June I242),(^) of Egmanton, ^c, by 
Dionis or Denise, da. of Sir Thomas fitz William, of Sprotborough, 
CO. Yorlc.('') He was appointed Chief Justice and Keeper of the King's 
forests North of Trent for 3 years from Easter I257,(') and again, tor 
2 years from Easter i2 6o:('=) ordered to surrender his office, 13 June 
I26i.(') Appointed, by the counsel of the magnates. Constable of York 
Castle, 18 July, and Keeper of the forests North of Trent, 20 July I263.('') 
He was ordered to give up Y'ork Castle, 16 Dec. I2 63,('') but he still 
held It by force, i Mar. following.('') Had licence to crenellate Hood 
Grange in Kilburn, 20 Aug. 1264. (') Appointed, by the counsel of the 
barons, Constable of Scarborough Castle, 6 Sep. I2 64.('^) Was one of those 
prohibited, 16 Feb. 1264/5, ^'^°^ attending the tournament at Dunstable, 
and ordered to attend a Council on 19 Feb. following.('^) He was not present 
at the battle of Evesham. (<') After the death of Simon de Montfort he 
became one of the most active leaders of the disinherited barons. With 
the younger Simon, he occupied the Isle of Axholme in the autumn ot 
1265: they were not dislodged for some months. ('') He was accident- 
ally absent from the action at Chesterfield, 15 May 1266, being 
out hunting.('') Escaping on this occasion, he became the leader of 



or iff DavidvUla. {Idfrn, vol. vi, p. lOi: U'hith Cartulary, pp. 78, 204, 226). The 
latter form occurs in the Pipe Roll of 31 Hen. I. The very numerous place-names in 
Normandy ending in vilU have usually the name of the early settler as a prefix, often 
little changed, as in Tancarville, Etouteville, Omonville, Benoitville, Lamberville, 
Normanville, or now disguised, as in Bellenereville (Berenger), Amfrirville (Humphrey), 
Psalmonville (Salomon),^Rauville (Ralph), Tourville (Torf), iifc. There is a Deville, 
written D/ivilla in documents of the 13th century, near Rouen. 

(») Closi Roll, 26 Hen. Ill, p. 3, m. 2 d. Robert was s. and h. of John de Daiville 
(who was living in July 1228, and m. a da. of Josceline de Louvain, by Agnes de 
Percy). [Patent Roll, 12 Hen. Ill, w. 3 d: Penj Cartulary, no. 14). John was s. and 
h. of Robert (by Julian, his wife, living in Aug. 1 202), who was s. (or grandson) and 
h. of Robert de Daiville, to whom, as amico suo speciali, Nele d'Aubigny gave the vill 
of Egmanton. [Feet of Fines, case 261, file 4, no. 85: Monasticon, vol. v, p. 346, 
vol. vi, p. 320). 

(•») Thomas fitz William, Lord of Sprotborough, granted lands in Barnborough, 
Darfield, ^c, to his da. Dionis (widow of Robert Dey vile), who gave Darfield to Adam 
her son. Adam d. s.p., being murdered, in or before 1282; John d'Eyville was his br. 
and h. (Hunter, South Yorkshire, vol. i, p. 372, vol. ii, p. 106: Coram Rege, Easter, 
loEdw. I, m. 2: De Banco, Hilary, 30 Edw. I, m. 173: rar-f i?f^., Wickwane, p. 331). 
Dionis was married to Robert in or before 1229. [Close Roll, 13 Hen. Ill, m. 3 d). 

("=) Patent Rolls, 41 Hen. Ill, m. lO; 44 Hen. Ill, p. i, m. lO; 45 Hen. Ill, 
m. 10; 47 Hen. Ill, p. I, mm. 5, 4; 48 Hen. Ill, p. l, mm. 19, 5, 4, p. 2, m. I; 
49 Hen. Ill, m. 23. 

C) Annales London., p. 73: Annales de Dunstaplia, pp. 239-241 : Wykes, p. I 80: 
Patent Roll, 50 Hen. Ill, m. 34: Chron. Maiorum et Vicecomitum London., p. 87: 
Hemingburgh, vol. i, p. 326. Cf. Robert of Gloucester, vol. ii, p. 770. 



132 DEIVILLE 



those who, after taking Lincoln, seized the Isle of Ely, 9 Aug. 1266, 
whence they plundered Norwich (16-17 Uec.) and Cambridge. (") He 
joined the Earl of Gloucester in London, 11 Apr. 1267, taking up his 
quarters in Southwark.C") About this time he formed a project to seize 
the King's person, but the plot failed, having been disclosed by the 
Countess of Gloucester. (■=) He was admitted to the King's peace, i July 
1267, and though he had held out to thelast,('^) he had immediate seizin 
of his lands and remission of the first year of his ransom.('=) He 
recovered the manor of Thornton, 20 Sep. 1277.Q Was with the King 
in the Army of Wales in 1282.(8) He was sum. for Military Service from 
17 Jan. (1257/8) 42 Hen. Ill to 14 Mar. (1282/3) 1 1 Edw. I, to attend 
the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. 1, to a Military 
Council, 14 June (1287) 15 Edw. I, and to Pari., 24 Dec. (1264) 
49 Hen. Ill, by writs directed Johamti de Eyviir.(^) He m., istly (pardon 
for marrying without lie, 5 Feb. 1 275/6), (') before 8 May 1275,0 
Maud, widow of James d'Audithelegh, or d'Audelegh, of Audley, 
CO. Stafford, which James d. shortly before 7 Nov. I2 73.(') He 
w., 2ndly, Alice. He d. before Oct. I29i.('') His widow was living 
in Oct. 1296.0 



2. Sir John d'Eiville, of Egmanton, Adlingfleet, Kilburn, and 
Thornton, s. and h., by ist wife. He was under age, 21 July 1295.('") 
He was sum. for Military Service from May (1297) 25 Edw. I to 22 May 
(13 19) 12 Edw. II, by writs directed Johanni de Eyvill' (with, latterly, 



(^) Annaks de IVintonia, p. 104: Annales de TFaverleia, p. 371: Cotton, p. 14 1: 
Rishanger, Chron., p. 44: Trevet, p. 271. 

{^) Chron. Maiorum London., p. 90: Annates London., V- 11 • 

f^) Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 245. 

C^) Hemingburgh calls him " homo quidem callidus et bellator fortis." 

{«) Patent Roll, 51 Hen. Ill, m. 15. 

(«) Close Roll, 5 Edw. I, mm. 1, 3 d. 

(s) On this occasion, after fulfilling his own quarantine, he did service for the 
Archbishop of York, who paid him ;^I00 for his expenses. (Pari. Writs, vol. i, 
pp. 228, 235: York Reg., Wickwane, p. 325). 

C") As to the writs of 1264 and 1283 see Preface. 

(') Fine Roll, 4 Edw. I, m. 29: Close Roll, 3 Edw. \, m. 17 d. 

(J) Fine Roll, I Edw. I, m. 2. See Audley. 

C) De Banco, Mich., 19-20 Edw. I, m. 97. He held Adlingfleet, Kilburn, and 
Thornton-on-the-Hill, co. York, ^\ fees, and Egmanton, Caunton, and West Mark- 
ham, Notts, 1 fee, of the Lord of Moubray. He held nothing of the King in chief. 

(') At which date she was claiming her dower in Thornton and Deighton. 
(De Banco, Mich., 24-25 Edw. I, m. 60 d). 

(■°) Patent Roll, 23 Edw. I, m. 12 d. 



DEIVILLE 133 



the iiddition of Je Jthcl\ngflei).{^^) He sold the manors of Kilburii and 
Castle Hood to the Earl of Lancaster for 200 marks, in Michaelmas term 
1 3 19, and the manor of Thornton to John d'Ellerker for ;{,ioo, in Kaster 
term 1322. ('') He w., istly, Agnes. He ;«., 2ndly, Margaret. (■=) He ^/. 
(1325-6) 19 Edw. II. ('^) His widow ;;;., before Michaelmas 1326, ('') as 
2nd wife, Sir Adam de Everingham, of Laxton, Notts [Lord Evering- 
ham], who d. shortly before 8 May 1341.0 

3. Sir Robert Deiville, of Adlingfleet, s. and h., by ist wife.(«) 
He had respite of knighthood, 23 Sep. 1324, till Christmas 1325, for a 
tine of £,io.(^) He was sum. for Military Service, 15 Nov. (1334) 
8 Edw. Ill, and to appear before the King's Council, 18 July and 7 Aug. 
(1335) 9 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Roberto Deyvill'. He 7«., before 
May 132 1, Margaret, 2nd da. and coh. of Laurence de Holebeche, ot 
Holbeach, co. Lincoln, by his 2nd wife (of whom she was ist da. and coh.), 
Margaret, sister and coh. of William Gumbaud, orGoBAUD,of Thorngum- 
bald, CO. York, Killingholme, co. Lincoln, tfc, and 3rd da. of GcofFrcy 
Gumbaud, of the same. (') She was aged 24 and more in May 1321. The 
King took his homage, and they had livery of her purparty ot her father's 
lands, 2 July I32i.(') He was living in Apr. i337.('') 

4. Sir John Deiville, of Adlingtieet, s. and h. Having lately 
taken Sir Eustache de Ribemont prisoner, he sold the ransom of that 
knight, and any other protits arising irom the capture, to Sir Roger de 



(*) This appellation was necessary to distinguish him from his first cousin, 
John Deiville (son of Thomas), of North Anston [not Owston], co. York. 

C") These transactions were completed after his death by Robert, his s. and h., 
in Trinity term 1333 and in Michaelmas term 1331, respectively. {Feet of Fines, case 
272, file 107, no. 51 ; file 106, no. 1 1). 

C^) By a fine, levied in the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist 17 Edw. II, 
John Deyville conveyed the manor of Egmanton — except a mill, ^c. — to himself, 
Margaret his wife, and Joan their da., and the heirs of the same Margaret. {Feet of 
Fines, case 184, file 24, no. 225). 

{^) Petition, in Par/. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 389. 

(«) De Banco, Mich., 20 Edw. II, m. 403. 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Adam de Everyngham of Laxton), Edw. Ill, file 65, no. 8. 
See Everingham. 

(8) It is stated {De Banco, Easter, 5 Edw. Ill, m. 261) that he was s. of John 
Deyville of Egmanton, s. of John Deyville of Egmanton, by Maud his wife. Also 
{Idem, Easter, 6 Edw. Ill, m. 320) that he was s. of John Deyville of Adlingfleet, by 
Agnes his wife. 

C) Fine Roll, 18 Edw. II, m. 22. 

{') Ch. Inq. p. m. (on William Gumbaud), Edw. I, file 117, no. 19; (on 
Laurence de Holebeche), Edw. II, file 67, no. 4. 

(J) Fine Roll, 14 Edw. II, m. 1. 

('') Coram Rege, Easter, I I Edw. Ill, m. 14. 



134 DEIVILLE 



Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore and Trim, 14 Jan. i349/50.('') He d. s.p., 
after 13 Nov. 135 !•('') 

5. Robert Deiville, of Adlingfleet, clerk, br. and h. He d. 
2 Sep. i369.(=) 

His coheirs were his three sisters, (i) Agnes de Bliton, (2) Joan de 
Croft, (3) Katherine, wife of Thomas de Egmanton, of Fockerby, co. 
York (who d. 2% Oct. I369),('^) and (4) his nephew, Thomas de Kidale, 
s. and h. ap. of Sir Thomas de Kidale, of South Ferriby, co. Lincoln (who 
d. 13 Sep. I38i),(') by his ist wife, Elizabeth, 4th sister of him, the said 
Robert Deiville. 



DE LA BECHE(') 

Sir Nicholas de la Beche,(«) of Watlington and Whitchurch, Oxon, 



(") Close Roll, 23 Edw. Ill, p. 2, mm. 4 d, I d. This Eustache is stated by Froissart 
(lib. i, cap. 1 50- 1 ) to have surrendered himself to Edward III in person during the skirmish 
at Calais, I Jan. 1349/50, and to have been released without payment of ransom. 

C) Cloie Roll, 25 Edw. Ill, m. 7 d. 

(') "Robertus Dayvill' clericus." Writ of diem cl. ext. 19 Oct. 43 Edw. in 
England and 30 in France. Inq., co. York, Monday after All Saints [5 Nov.] 1369. 
" Et dicunt quod idem Robertus obiit secundo die Septembris ultimo preterite Et dicunt 
quod Agnes de Blyton' Johanna de Croft' KaterinadeEgmaiiton'sororespredictiRoberti 
et Thomas filius Thome de Kedall' militis et Elizabethe uxoris ejus quarte sororum 
predict! Robert! defuncti sunt heredes predicti Roberti propinquiores et dicta Agnes est 
etatis xlvj annorum et amplius et dicta Johanna est etatis xliiij annorum et amplius et 
dicta Katerina est etatis xxxij annorum et amplius Et dicunt quod dictus Thomas est 
etatis vij annorum et octo mensium." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 208, no. 29). 

C) "Thomas de Egmanton'." Writ of diem cl. ext. 26 Nov. 43 Edw. in Eng- 
land and 30 in France. Inq., co. York, 7 Apr. 1 370. "Item dicunt quod idem 
Thomas obiit in festo Simonis et Jude ultimo preterito Item dicunt quod Thomas de 
Egmanton' filius predicti Thome qui jam obiit est filius et heres predicti Thome qui 
jam obiit propinquior et etatis xv annorum et vj mensium." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 2 1 4, no. 25). Christopher Egmanton of Fockerby, the " last heyre of that name," 
d. 2 Mar. 1569/70, in his 72nd year. (M.I. at Adlingfleet). His da. and h. (or 
coh.), Katherine, m. Edward Frothingham, of South Frodingham, co. York. {Tori- 
shire Visit, of 1584, p. 147). 

(«) "Thomas de Kidale chivaler." Writ of diem cl. ext. 30 Nov. 5 Ric. II. 
Inq., CO. Lincoln, I Mar. 1 38 1/2. "Item dicunt quod idem Thomas obiit die veneris 
proximo post festum Nativitatis beate Marie virginis anno supradicto et Tiiomas Ky- 
dale est filius et propinquior heres dicti Thome Kydale chivaler et est etatis xx 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 19, no. 30). For the 2nd 
marriage of Sir Thomas de Kidale see vol. iii of this work, p. 115. 

(') This article is by G. W. Watson. It should properly have been inserted 
under the letter B. V.G. 

(8) Beche in Aldworth, Berks, where he held a messuage, ^c, of the Abbot of 
Dorchester. 



DE LA BECHE 135 



Bradfield, Berks, Chiddingly, Sussex, i;?c., sometime Constable ot' the 
Tower of London, was sum. to a Council, 25 Feb. (134 1/2) 16 F.dw. Ill, 
by writ directed Aic/io/ao de la Bechc. This Council has been incorrectly 
described as a Pari, by Dugdale and others.(») He was appointed 
Seneschal of Gascony, 20 July I343,('') and d. s.p.^ 3 Feb. 1 344/5, (') in 
parts beyond seas. 



DE LA MARE see MARE 

DELAMER OF DUNHAM MASSEY 

BARONY. I. George Booth, 2nd but ist surv.('') s. and h. ot 

y ^. William B., by Vere, 2nd da. and coh. of Sir Thomas 

Egerton (the ist s. and h. ap. of the celebrated Lord 
Chancellor), which William was s. and h. ap. of Sir George 
Booth, of Dunham Massey, co. Chester, ist Bart. [161 1], by his 2nd wife, 
Katherine, da. of Edmund Anderson, but J. I'.p., 26 Apr. 1636. He was I?. 
18 Dec. 1622; Military Commissioner for Cheshire under Cromwell; M.P. 
for Cheshire 1645/60-48, 1654-55, 1656-58, and 1660, and for co. Lan- 
caster 1659. Custos Rot. of CO. Chester. On 24 Oct. 1652, he sue. his 
grandfather in the Baronetcy. Having been a Parliamentarian of the Presby- 
terian Section, he was appointed, 2 2 July 1659, by Charles II, who was then 
at Brussels, Commander in Chief for the King of all forces in Cheshire, 
Lancashire, and North Wales, and was in consequence imprisoned in the 
Tower by the Parliamentarians. He was one of the 12 members chosen by 
the House, in May 1660, to recall the King, and was, by it, voted ^" 10,000 
"for his eminent services and great sufferings in the public cause." He 
was, 20 Apr. 1661, cr. BARON DELAMER OF DUNHAM MASSEY, 
CO. Chester.Q He m., istly, 30 Nov. 1639, at St. Mary's, Colechurch (lie. 
Lond. 13 Nov.), Katherine, ist da. of Theophilus (Clinton), 4th Earl of 
LiN'coLN, by his ist wife, Bridget, da. of William (Fiennes), Viscount Say 
AND Sele. She d. in childbed, s.p.m., and was bur. at Bowdon, co. Chester, 
5 Aug. 1643. He m., 2ndly (lie. Lond. 14 Dec. 1644, to m. at St. Mary 
Magd., Fish Str., he 26 [sic], widower, and she 22), Elizabeth, ist da. of 

(>) See Preface. 

(b) Gascon Roll, 17 Edw. Ill, m. 12. 

(') Thursday the Feast of St. Blaise, otherwise described as the morrow of the 
Purification, 19 Edw. III. (Ch. Inq.p. m., Edw. Ill, file 76, no. 25: Exch. In-j. p. m., 
Enrolments, no. 53). 

(<*) His elder br., Thomas Booth, bap. 1620, d. v.p. 1632. V.G. 

(') Not May 1645 as in Diet. Nat. Biog. He came into the Long Pari, as a 
" recruiter " when no Royalists were elected. Clarendon writes that in Cheshire he was 
" from memory of his grandfather of absolute power with the Presbyterians." V.G. 

(') See an account of the ceremonies attending this creation, vol. iii, p. 264, note 
"d," sub Clarendon. 



136 



DELAMER 



Henry (Grey), ist Earl of Stamford, by Anne, 3rd and yst. da. and 
coh. of William (Cecil), 2nd Earl of Exeter. He d. at Dunham Massey, 
8 Aug., and was bur. 9 Sep. 1684, at Bowdon,(*) aged 61. Will dat. 
I Aug. 1 67 1 [j/V], pr. 4 Jan. 1698/9. His widow d. 4 Jan. 1 690/1, at 
Oldfield Hall, near Bowdon, and was bur. at Bowdon. Will dat. 6 Oct. 
1690, pr. 2 June 1699. 



II. 1684. 2. Henry (Booth), Baron Delamer of 

Dunham Massey, s. and h. by 2nd wife, b. 
13 Jan. 1 65 1/2. He was, 17 Apr. 1690, rr. EARL OF WAR- 
RINGTON, CO. Lancaster. He d. 2 Jan. 1693/4. 

III. 1694. 3. George (Booth), Earl of Warring- 

ton and Baron Delamer of Dunham Massey, 
s. and h., b. 2 May 1675; styled 'Lov.d Delamer, 1690-94. He 
d. s.p.ni., 2 Aug. 1758, when the Earldom of Warrington be- 
came extinct. 



;:i T D. en 

-J § 

"■^ p - -3-. 

n O ". 



AM 



IV. 1758 4. Nathaniel (Booth), Baron Delamer of Dunh 

to Massey, cousin and h., being 4th but only surv. s. and h. 

1770. of the Hon. Robert Booth, D.D., Dean of Bristol, by 

his 2nd wife, Mary, da. of Thomas Hales, of Howlets, 
Kent, which Robert, who was 5th s. of the ist Lord by his 2nd wife, d. 
8 Aug. 1730. He was b. 1709. Chairman of Committees of the House 
of Lords in 1765. Hew., 26 Apr. 1743, at Hampstead, Midx., Margaret, 
da. of Richard Jones, of Ramsbury Manor, Wilts. He d. s.p.s., 9 Jan. 
1 770, aged 60, when the Barony of Delamer became extinct, but the Baronetcy 
[16 11] devolved on his cousin and h. male, at whose death (7 Nov. 1797) it 
also became extinct. Will pr. Jan. 1770. His widow d. 29 July, and was 
bur. 9 Aug. 1773, at Hampstead-C-) Will pr. Aug. 1773. 



V. 1796. I. George Henry (Grey), Earl of Stamford, s. and 

h. of Harry, 4th Earl of Stamford, by Mary, only da. 
and h. of George (Booth), 2nd Earl of Warrington and 3rd Baron 
Delamer of Dunham Massey abovenamed, was cr., 22 Apr. 1796, 
BARON DELAMER OF DUNHAM MASSEY, co. Chester, and 
EARL OF WARRINGTON, both of which titles became extinct on the 
death of his great-grandson, 2 Jan. 1883. See Stamford, Earldom of, 
cr. 1628, under the 5th, 6th, and 7th Earls. 

(3) " Of worth and great morals, and a true lover of his King and the estab- 
lished laws." {Memoirs of Thomas, Earl of Ailesbury). In the political controversies 
towards the end of Charles IFs reign he supported the " country " or Whig party. V.G. 

(b) "A lady whose truly Christian life and exemplary virtues made her highly 
valued when living by all who knew her, and will make her death as generally 
lamented." {Jnn. Reg. for 1773, p. 172). 



DELAMERE 137 

DELAMERE OF VALE ROYAL 

BARONY. I. Thomas Cholmondeley, s. and h. of Thomas C, 

T g of Vale Royal, co. Chester (</. 2 June 1779), by Dorothy, 

da. and coh. of Edmund Cowper, of Overleigh, co. 

Chester, was b. 9 Aug. 1767, at Beckcnham,^ Kent; 
SherifF of Cheshire 1792-93; M.P. (Tory) for that co. 1796-18 12. 
On 17 July 1 82 1, he was cr. BARON DELAMERE OF VALE ROYAL, 
CO. Chester. (^) He ;;;., 17 Dec. 18 10, at Ruabon, Henrietta Elizabeth, 
yst. da. of Sir Watkin Williams-Wvnn, 4th Bart., by his 2nd wife, 
Charlotte, da. of the Rt. Hon. George Grenville. She, who was b. 6 Feb. 
1786, d'. 18 Aug. 1852, aged 65, at Vale Royal. Will pr. Oct. 1852. He 
d. 30 Oct. 1855, after a long illness, in Hereford Str., Hyde Park, aged 8 8.( '') 

II. 1855. 2. Hugh (Cholmondeley), Baron Delamere of 

Vale Royal, s. and h., b. 3 Oct. 181 1, at Vale Royal; 
ed. at Eton; matric. 21 May 1828 at Oxford (Ch. Ch.); sometime Lieut. 
1st Life Guards; M.P. (Conservative) for Denbighshire, 1840-41; for 
Montgomery boroughs, 1841-47. ("=) He w., istly, 23 Mar. 1848, Sarah, 
2nd da. of Thomas Robert (Hay), loth Earl of Kinnoull [S.], by 
Louisa Burton, da. of Admiral Sir Charles Rowley, Bart. She, who was 
b. 4 Dec. 1828, in London, d. 17 Feb. 1859, at 29 Portman Sq., Marylebone. 
He m., 2ndly, 27 Dec. i860, at St. James's, Westm., Augusta EmilyjC) 
1st da. of the Rt. Hon. Sir George Hamilton Seymour, G.C.B., by Gertrude, 
da. of Henry Otway (Brand), Lord Dacre. He d. i Aug. 1887, at Vale 
Royal, and was bur. at Whitegate, Cheshire, aged 75. His widow, who was 
b. 6 Nov. 1835, ^- 25 Feb. 191 1, at her residence, Highcroft, Boscombe, 
Hants, aged 75, and was bur. from Vale Royal at Whitegate, afsd. Will 
pr. over ^"3 6,000. 

III. 1887. 3. Hugh (Cholmondeley), Baron Delamere of 

Vale Royal, s. and h., b. 2S Apr. 1870, at 14 Bruton Str., 
Midx. A Conservative. Since 19 1 1 he has been one of the leading settlers 

(*) This was one of the 22 peerages conferred at the Coronation of George IV. 
See an account of these in vol. ii, Appendix F. 

(*>) He was one of the 22 "stalwarts" who voted against the 3rd reading of the 
Reform Bill of 4 June 1832, after Wellington and the great bulk of the Opposition 
had decided to abstain. For a list of these see vol. iii, Appendix I. He, liowcver, 
followed Peel in his change of policy as to the Corn Laws, voting against Repeal in 
1845, and for it in 1846. V.G. 

C') Unlike his father, he remained a Protectionist in 1846. He was again 
elected for the Montgomery Burghs on a double return in 1847, ^"^ ^^^ opponent 
was seated in 1848. V.G. 

("*) Sir Horace Rumbold, in his Recollections, speaks of her as "a living Grcuze." 
V.G. 



138 DELAMERE 

at Nairobi, in British East Africa. He served in the European War, 
1914- .{') He w., II July 1899, at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, Florence 
Anne, da. of Lowry Egerton (Cole), 4th Earl of Enniskillen, by Charlotte 
Marion, da. of Douglas Baird. She, who was l>. 3 Feb. 1878, at 27 Norfolk 
Str., Park Lane, ^. 17 May 1914, of heart failure, at Nairobi afsd. 

[Thomas Pitt Hamilton Cholmondeley, ist s. and h. ap., h. 
19 Aug. 1900, at Vale Royal.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 6,794 acres in Cheshire, 
worth j^ 1 1,63 1 a year. Principal Residence. — Vale Royal, near Northwich, 
Cheshire. 

DE LA POER see POER 

DE LA POLE see POLE 

DELAVAL OF REDFORD and DELAVAL OF 
SEATON DELAVAL 

BARONY [I.] I. John Hussey Delaval, of Ford, Northumberland, 

T n 2nd s. of Francis Blake D., by Rhoda, da. of Robert 

' •^' Apreece, of Washingley, Hunts, was b. 1728. He was 

cr. a Baronet i July 1761. He was M.P. (Tory) for 

Berwick 1765-74, and 1780-86. By the death, 7 Aug. 

L 1786 1 77 1 (in his 48th year), of his elder br.. Sir Francis Blake 

to Delaval, K.B., he sue. to the family estates. On 17 Oct. 

1808. 1783, he was cr. BARON DELAVAL OF RED- 

FORD,('') CO. Wicklow [1.], and on 21 Aug. 1786, 

(•) For a list of peers and sons of peers who served in this war, see vol. viii, 
Appendix F. He interested himself very actively in the fortunes and development of 
British East Africa, and settled about 1900 at Elneuteita near Nairobi, where he farms 
on a large scale. "The first settler in point of time, as ever since in point of influence, 
energy, and foresight, was Lord Delamere. This able enthusiast perceived long ago 
the potentialities of the country, the sole official cognizance of which was as the high 
road to Uganda. To take up land and settle on it was regarded as midsummer mad- 
ness; but Lord Delamere backed his opinion by picking out the finest block he could 
find and setting to work on it. The triumphant success of the experiment, due 
entirely to the indefatigable industry of the experimenter, soon attracted some of his 
relatives and others of the nobility; so that some seven or eight years ago, before the 
rush began, it was almost true that every other settler owned a title." {The Times, 
5 Sep. 191 2). V.G. 

C") "He was included by Fox among the Irish Peers of Sep. 1783 [i.e. the nine 
Baronies of Sheffield, Harberton, Leitrim, LlandafF [recte Landaff], Riversdale, 
Donoughmore (Baroness), Delaval, Muncaster and Penrhyn], whom his Majesty 
consented to raise to that dignity, though he refused to make any addition to the 
British Peerage." (Wraxall's Memoirs, vol. iv, p. 422). 



BARONY. 



DELAVAL 139 

BARON DELAVAL OF SEATON DELAVAL,(*) co. Northumber- 
land [G.B.]. He m., istly, 2 Apr. 1750, at Duke Str. Chapel, Westm., his 
1st cousin, Susanna, widow of John Potter, Under Sec. of State, da. of 
R. Robinson, by Margaret, da. of Edward Delaval, and sister of Francis 
Blake D. abovenamed. She </. in Hanover Sq., i, and was l/ur. i i Oct. 1783, 
with great pomp, in Westm. Abbey. He »;., 2ndly, 5 Jan. 1 803, at Earsdon, 
Northumberland, Susanna Elizabeth Knight, spinster. He d'. suddenly, 
while at breakfast, at Seaton Delaval, s.p.m.s.,(^) 1 7 May, and was bur. 13 June 
1808, aged 80, in Westm. Abbey. At his death all his honours became 
extinct. (f) Will dat. 24 Sep. 1806, pr. 12 July 1808. His widow J. s.p., 
20 Aug. 1822, at the Old Bath, Matlock, aged 60. Will pr. 1823. 

DE LA WARD see WARD 

LA WARRE, now DE LA WARR('') 
BARONY BY i. Sir Roger la Warre,(') of Wickwar, co. Glou- 

WRIT. cester, Brislington, Somerset, Milton, Folkington, Isfield, 

i£rc., Sussex, s. and h. of Sir John la Warre (living 
I. 1299. 27 May I277),(') of Wickwar and Brislington, by 

Olimpia, da. of Sir Hugh de Fokinton, of Folking- 

(•) He got the first peerage from the Coalition Government, and, changing sides, 
the second from Pitt. His double creation is thus jeered at in the Rolliad: — 
" The noble convert, Berwick's honoured choice 
That faithful echo of the people's voice, 
One day, to gain an Irish title glad, 
For Fox he voted: — so the people bade — 
'Mongst English Lords ambitious grown to sit, 
Next day the people bade him vote for Pitt. 
To join the stream our Patriot nothing loath 
By turns discreetly gave his voice to both." 
These "same wits" also, "composed a poem called The Delaval-iad parodied from 
Orlando's verses to Rosalind in Ai you like it, but Lord Delaval stood in no awe of 
such lampoons." His " person at 70 years of age remained graceful and slender, his 
manners, elegant, gay and pleasing." (Wraxall's Memoirs, ibid.) G.E.C. and V.G. 

C") By his 1st wife (only) he had issue, viz. one son, John, who was b. 26 May 
1756, and d. v.p. (having been kicked in the testicles by a laundry maid to whom he was 
paying his addresses), 7 July 1775, and was bur. at Doddington; and six daughters, 
of whom Elizabeth was Baroness Audley, and Sarah, Countess of Tyrconnel [I.]. 
To Lady Tyrconnel's only da. and h., Susanna, Marchioness of Waterford [I.], 
he devised all his estates (on the death of his widow). G.E.C. and V.G. 

(') The extinction of the Irish Barony was used, in 1 8 1 2, as one of those required 
(under the Act of Union) for the creation of the Barony of Castlemaine. His chief 
seats arc stated in 1789 to have been Seaton Delaval and Ford Castle, Northumber- 
land, and Doddington, co. Lincoln. V.G. 

C^) This article, down to the year 1476, is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 
(•) The arms of this family were. Gules, crusilly fitchy, a lion rampant Argent. 
Cf. seals, Harl. Charters, 57, E 21 and 22, Cotton Charter, v, no. 21, and Addit. 
Charter, no. 22005. 

Close Rolls, I Edw. I, ;;i. I d; 5 Edw. I, m. 6 d; 13 Edw. I, m. 2 d. John 



I40 DE LA WARR 

ton, Isfield, iyc.(*) As holding a knight's fee in Sussex, he was distrained 
in 1 278 to receive Icnighthood on or before Christmas.('') He did homage and 
swore fealty to the Archbishop of Canterbury for the manor of Isfield, i July 
1279. (') He was with the King in the Army of Wales in 1282. ('^) Being 
about to set out for Santiago, he had letters of protection for a year, 10 Aug. 
1290, and again, 18 Jan. i29i/2.('') Was in Gascony on the King's service 
1294 to 1297, being Captain of Bourg-sur-Mer in (1297-8) 26 Edw. !,(') 
and was at the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300, being then a banneret.Q 
He was sum. for Military Service from 6 Apr. (1282) 10 Edw. I to 22 May 
(1319) 12 Edw. II, to Councils, 14 June (1287) 15 Edw. I and 8 Jan. 
(1308/9) 2 Edw. II, to attend the King wherever he might be,(8) 8 June 
(1294) 22 Edw. I, to attend the Coronation, 18 Jan. (1307/8) i Edw. II, and 
to Parl.C^) from 6 Feb. (1298/9) 27 Edw. I to 16 June (131 1) 4 Edw. II, by 
writs directed Rogero la Warre, whereby he is held to have become LORD 

la Warre was s. and h. of Jordan, who had livery of his father's lands in 12 12-3 
(^Pipe Roll, 14 Joh., Gloecestrescira), and d. between 23 Aug. and 6 Sep. 1231, 
leaving a widow, Emma, and his heir under age {Cloie Roll, 15 Hen. Ill, mm. 5, 4, I ; 
cf. Patent Roll, 14 Edw. II, />. 2, m. 15). Jordan was s. and h. of John la Warre, to 
whom John, Count of Mortain, when holding the honour of Gloucester, granted the 
manor of Brislington, Somerset. [Curia Regis, roll no. 106, m. 15: Ch. Misc., 12, 
no. 6). 

(*) Olimpia was m. before 20 Jan. 1242/3, and was living in Aug. 1265. Her 
father, Hugh (whose widow, Margaret, ;;;. William d'Englefeld, and was living in 
Apr. 1252), was s. and h. of Hugh de Fokinton, of Folkington, Isfield, Tarring, 
Exceat, and Cholington, who d. before I June 12 14, leaving a widow, Egeline. {Feet 
0/ Fines, case 233, file 5, no. 23, file 15, no. 7; case 234, file 18, no. 12: Jssize Roll, 
no. 237, !/i. 6 or 7). The elder Hugh, proavus of Roger la Warre let., gave one-third 
of the advowson of Tarring to the monks of Lewes. {Ancient Deeds, A, no. 13131). 
Cf. Cartulary of Lewes, Cotton MSS., Vesp., F 15, ff. 65, 70 v, 79 v. 

C) Pari. Writs, vol. i, p. 217. 

(■=) Canterbury Reg., Pecham, p. 10. 

{^) Scutage Roll, no. 9, m. 3: Patent Rolls, 18 Edw. I, m. 13; 20 Edw. I, m. 26. 

H Patent Rolls, 23 Edw. I, w. 4; 24 Edw. I, ?n. 14: Close Roll, 28 Edw. I, m. 8: 
Gascon Rolls, 22 Edw. I, w. 3; 33 Edw. I, mm. 17, 16, 15, 1 3. 

(') With two knights and 10 esquires (12 from 7 July), from 3 July to i Sep., 
" quo die recessit de exercitu Regis apud Drumbo versus partes Anglie." Being paid, 
for himself and his men, at first i8i. and afterwards ^^i, a day. Total £^C) I2s. 
{IFardrobe Accounts, 28 Edw. I, p. 202). 

(e) It was accordingly ordered, 14 June following, that he should not be sum. 
for Gascony. 

C") He held the following manors: Milton, ol the King in chief, by fealty and 
the service of a sore sparrow-hawk yearly: Isfield, I fee, of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury: Wickwar, i fee, of De Gournay and afterwards of Ap Adam, as of the manor 
of East Harptree: Brislington, | fee, as of the honour of Gloucester: Folkington, ^c, 
Sussex, as of the honour of L'Aigle: Whitchurch, Oxon (this he sold), as of the honour 
of Wallingford: Rushall, Wilts (this he sold in 131 1), 1 fee, of the King in chief: and 
some lands in Strensham, co. Worcester, and Lambourn, Berks. After the year 131 1 
he held nothing of the King in chief as of the Crown by military service. 



DE LA WARR 141 

LA WARRE.(*) As Rogerus la PFarre dominus dehefdd' he took part in the 
Barons' Letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1 300/1. He was appointed an envoy 
to the Court of Rome in July 1304, but the embassy was delayed until 
July 1305, owing to the death of Benedict XLC') He w., in or before 
Sep. 1276, (') Clarice, elder da. and coh. of Sir John Tregoz, of Ewyas 
Harold, CO. Hereford, Allington, Wilts, Albrighton, Salop, Great Dodding- 
ton, Northants, ^c. [Lord Tregoz], by his ist wife, Mabel, da. of Sir Fulk 
FiTZ Warin, of Whittington, Salop. She was living in Apr. 1289, ('^) and 
d. v.p., that is, before 28 Aug. 1300. He d. 20 June I320.(") 

n. 1307. I bis. John (la Warre), Lord la Warre, s. and 

h. He did homage for his purparty of the lands of his 
grandfather. Sir John Tregoz, 26 Nov. 1300,0 being then aged 23 or 
24. Partition of these lands was made 21 Dec. following, when he was 
assigned the castle and manor of Ewyas Harold, the manors of Allington, 
Albrighton, lyc.(') He claimed, however, all the knights' fees and 
advowsons pertaining to the castle of Ewyas ; but the Council in Chancery 
ordered them to be"divided.(') He then petitioned the King in Pari, in 
the summer of 1302, when award was again made that these knights' 
fees should be divided, and they were partitioned, 29 Oct. 1302; but he 
refused to sue out a writ for his purparty until 20 Jan. 1305/6.0 He was 

As to the writ of 1294 see Preface, and as to how far these early writs of 
summons did in fact create any peerage dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

C) Patent Rolls, 32 Edw. I, m. 1 4; 33 Edw. I, p. 2, mm. 19, 17: Close Roll, 
33 Edw. I, mm. 12 d, lo d. 

("=) By two fines, levied, one on the morrow of the Purification, the other in the 
quinzaine of St. Michael, 2 Edw. I, John s. of Jordan la Ware conveyed the manors 
of Wickwar and Brislington to himself for life: rem., as to VVickwar, to Roger la 
Ware in tail general, rem. to his own next heirs: rem., as to Brislington, to Roger 
la Ware in fee. {Feet of Fines, case 75, file 30, no. lO; case 197, file 11, no. 8). 
The same John, by deed dated Thursday before St. Michael 4 Edw. I [24 Sep. 1276], 
granted to Clarice, wife of his son Roger, that, if she survived Roger, she might hold 
the manor of Brislington (assigned to her in dower), free for life from a certain rent. 
[Ancient Deeds, C, no. 2666). ^ Cf. Close Roll, 4 Edw. I, m. 4 d (21 Sep.). 

O Feet of Fines, case 235, file 34, no. 2. 

(^) " Rogerus la Ware." Writ of diem ct. ext. 25 June i 3 Edw. II. Inq., cos. 
Sussex, Somerset, Gloucester, 31 Aug., 30 Sep., 7 Oct. 1320. "Johannes la Ware 
filius predict! Rogeri est ejus heres propinquior et etatis quadraginta annorum et 
amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 65, no. 14). The escheator returned that of 
the issues of the manors of Brislington, Wickwar, Isfield, and Milton, " que fuerunt 
Rogeri la Ware ... a xx die Junii anno xiij° quo die idem Rogerus obiit usque xnij 
[xiij — Pipe Roll] diem Octobris proximo sequentem non respondet quia eodem xiuj 
die Octobris Rex . . . mandavit prefato Escaetori quod de maneriis illis se ulternis non 
intromittat." (Accounts of the Escheator South of Trent — Chcincllors Roll, 13 
Edw. II, and Pipe Roll, 15 Edw. II). Roger had held these manors for life, by virtue 
of divers fines, isc. The writ of 14 Oct. is not enrolled. 

(') Fine Roll, 29 Edw. I, m. 17: Close Rolls, 29 Edw. I, m. 16 d; 30 Edw. I, 
m. 3 schedule; 34 Edw. I, m. 19. A note in Pari. Jl'rits, vol. i, p. 894, states that 



142 DE LA WARR 

at the siege of Carlaverock in July I300,(*) and on the King's service in 
Scotland in 1303 and I304,('') but, with others, withdrew before the end 
of the war: it was therefore ordered, 18 Oct. 1306, that he should be ar- 
rested, and his lands taken into the King's handiC") he recovered them, 
23 Jan. 1 306/7. C") He was knighted by the Prince of Wales, 22 May 
1306, at Westm. He was sum. for Military Service ('') from 21 June (1308) 
I Edw. II to 2 I Mar. (1332/3) 7 Edw. Ill, to attend the Coronation, 18 Jan. 
(1307/8) I Edw. II, to Councils from 8 Jan. (1308/9) 2 Edw. II to 25 Feb. 
(1341/2) 16 Edw. Ill, and to Parl.('') from 26 Aug. (1307) i Edw. II to 
25 Aug. (13 I 8) 12 Edw. II, by writs directed Johanni la M^arre, de la fVarre, 
or le PFarre, whereby he is held to have become LORD LA WARRE 
during his father's lifetime. He had respite of homage for the tene- 
ments which he held of the honour of Lancaster, on petition in the Pari, 
of 15-16 Edw. II.(') In 1336 he was falsely reported to be dead.(') He 
w., soon after 19 Nov. 1294,(8) Joan, sister and coh., eventually sole h., of 

"it is not ascertained in wliat manner Rogerus la IVarre the father was barred of 
his right of tenancy by the curtesy, so as to entitle the son to claim his share of his 
mother's lands in his father's lifetime." The elementary fact, that Roger had no right 
by the courtesy to lands which his wife had not lived to inherit, appears to have been out- 
side the writer's sphere of knowledge. 

(") With one esquire, from 3 July to 9 Sep., "quo die recessit de exercitu 
Regis apud Holmcoltram versus partes Anglie." Being paid is. a day. [IVardrohe 
Jccounti, 28 Edw. I, p. 239). 

C) Suppl. Clou Roll, no. 7, mm. 4, i: Fine Roll, 34 Edw. I, m. 2: Clost Roll, 
35 Edw. I, m. 15. His father had ignored the summons of ID May 1306 to the 
muster at Carlisle on 8 July following. [Pari. Rolls, vol. i, p. 216). 

C^) The Sheriff of Rutland, having been ordered, 20 June 1322, to summon 
him therefor, returned that " est ita languidus et pre nimia infirmatate et diutina 
vexatus et anxiatus est quod aliquo modo laborare non potest," but will send his son, 
John. {Pari. IVrits, vol. ii, part ii, p. 594). 

{^) He was fully qualified, by reason of his tenure of the castle and manor of 
Ewyas Harold, held of the King in chief by barony. 

(') He stated that he had been "charge de maladye qil ne pust unquote travailler 
saunz peril de mort." {Pari. Rolls, vol. i, p. 393). 

(') On 22 Dec. 1336 Thomas de Berkele bought, for 1,000 marks, the marriage 
of the heir [Roger] of John de la Ware tenant in chief, a minor in the King's ward; 
and the wardship of the lands late of John. This grant was cancelled in Aug. 1338, 
because John, whom the King had believed to be dead, was alive and in health. {Fine 
Roll, 10 Edw. Ill, m. 2: Close Roll, 12 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 15). As Smyth of Nibley 
remarks — "A second error by this lord comitted in buying of wardships." 

(«) By his charter, dated at London, Friday before St. Edmund the King and 
Martyr 22 Edw. I, Roger la Warre gave the manor and advowson of Folkington to 
John his s. and h., and Joan da. of the Lord Robert Grelle, and the heirs of their 
bodies, with reversion to himself and his heirs. By his charters, dated at London, 
10 May 33 Edw. I, and at Wakerley, Monday the morrow of Trinity i Edw. I 
[/. Edw. II], Thomas Grelle, Lord of Manchester, gave the manor of Portslade and 
the advowson of Aldrington to John la Warre and Joan his wife and the heirs of 
their bodies, and the manor of Sixhills to the same John and Joan and the heirs of 
the body of the said Joan. {Inq. p. m. on Thomas la Warre in 1427: see below). By 



DE LA WARR 143 

Sir Thomas de Grelle or Grelley [Lord Grelle], and elder da. (') ot" 
Sir Robert de Grelle, of Manchester and Cuerdley, co. Lancaster, Swines- 
head, Sixhills, and Bloxholm, co. Lincohi, Woodhead, Rutland, (s'c, by 
Hawise, 2nd da. and cob. of Sir John de Burgh, of Wakcrlcy, Northants, 
Portslade, Sussex, Walkern, Herts, isfc. He il 9 May i347.('') Will 
and codicil dat. at Wakerley, 1 1 Aug. 1345 and 6 Mar. 1346 [1346/7], pr. at 
Lincoln, 24 May I347.(') His widow, with whom he had held jointly 
divers manors, had these liberated to her, 10 June I347.('') On 22 May 
13 5 1 she was stated to be so feeble from age that she could not sue, nor 
defend her right, in person. (') She ^. 20 or 21 Mar. 1352/3.0 

two fines, levied in the octaves of St. Hilary 3 Edw. II, Thomas Grelle conveyed 
the manors and advowsons of Manchester and Swineshead, and the advowson of Ash- 
ton (co. Lancaster), to himself for life, with rem. to the same John and Joan and the 
heirs of the said John. {Feet of Fines, case 119, file 17, no. 13; case 135, file 77, 
no. 20). 

(*) The jr. da., Isabel, m. John de Gyse, and d. s.f>. before 8 July 1322. {Coram 
Rege, Trinity, 15 Edw. II, Rex, m. 14). See Grelle. 

(*>) "Johannes la VVarre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 12 May 21 Edw. in England 
and 8 in France. Inq., cos. Leicester, Lincoln, Rutland, Northants, Sussex, Lan- 
caster, 21 May, Friday before, and Saturday the vigil of. Trinity [25, 26 May], 
29 May, 2 June, and Monday after Corpus Christi [4 June] 1 347. " Et quod idem 
Johannes obiit in vigilia Ascensionis domini ultimo preterite [nono die Maii proximo 
preterito — cos. Northants, Sussex^ Et quod Rogerus la Warre filius Johannis filii 
predicti Johannis la Warre est heres ejus propinquior et est etatis octodecim annorum 
et amplius [xviij annorum — cos. Lincoln, Rutland^" (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 85, 
no. 5: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 56). 

(^) Lincoln Reg., vol. vii, fF. 219V-220. "Johannes la Warre miles . . . corpus 
meum ad sepeliendum coram summo altari in Abbathia de Dorc," altered in the 
codicil to "coram summo altari in Abbathia de Swyneseued'." 

(■') Also two-thirds of the vill of Birstall, co. Leicester, which was of her 
inheritance: by five writs de non intromittendo 10 June. {Close Roll, 21 Edw. Ill, 
p. I, m. 8). By two fines, levied in the octaves of St. Michael 5 Edw. Ill, John 
s. of Roger la Warre conveyed the manor of Wakerley, and the same John and Joan 
his wife conveyed the manors of Woodhead and Bloxholm, to tlie said John and Joan 
for life: rem., as to Wakerley, to the heirs of the said John s. of Roger la Warre: rem., 
as to Woodhead and Bloxholm, to John s. of John s. of John s. of Roger la VVarre, 
in tail general, rem. to the right heirs of the said John s. of Roger la Warre. {Feet oj 
Fines, case 176, file 73, no. 94; case 286, file 37, no. lOi). By two fines, levied in 
the quinzaine of Easter 13 Edw. Ill, John la Warre conveyed the manor of Milton, 
and the same John and Joan his wife conveyed the manor of Sixhills, to the said John 
and Joan for life: rem. to Roger la Warre and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their 
bodies, rem. to the right heirs of the said John la Warre. {Idem, case 237, file 58, 
no. 8; case 138, file" 107, no. 42). Writs — for Wakerley and Milton — 8 June 
5 Edw. Ill and 14 Oct. 12 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. q. d. 25 June 133 1 and 4 Dec. 1338 
(file 212, no. 13; file 244, no. 7), licences 30 June 1331 and 3 Mar. 1 338/9 {Patent 
Rolls, 5 Edw. Ill, p. 2, OT. 33; 13 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 32), respectively. 

{') Patent Roll, 25 Edw. Ill, />. 2, m. 31. 

(') "Johanna que fuit uxor Johannis la Warre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 20 Mar. 
27 Edw. in England and 14 in France. Inq., cos. Lincoln, Northants, 4 Apr. and 



144 DE LA WARR 

III. 1347. 3- Roger (la Warre), Lord la Warre, grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of John la Warre, by Margaret 
(who d. 20 or 22 Aug. I349),(^) da. of Sir Robert de Holand, of West 
Derby, co. Lancaster, Yoxall, co. Stafford, ^c. [Lord Holand], which John 
was s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, but d. v.p., shortly before 24 June 
I33i.('') He was b. 30 Nov. 1326. He was in the retinue of the Prince 
of Wales at the battle of Crecy and at the siege of Calais. ('') On 7 Nov. 
1349 the King took his homage, and he had livery of divers manors which 
his mother had held for lifeiC*) he was then a knight. On 22 Apr. 1353 
the King took his homage and fealty, and he had livery of the manor of 
Wakerley and obtained also the manor of Swineshead, both of which his 

Tuesday before St. George [16 Apr.] 1353. "Item dicunt quod predicta Johanna 
obiit die Mercurii proximo ante festum Pasche videlicet xx die Marcii ultimo preterite 
[obiit xxj°° die Marcii anno supradicto — co. Lincoln'] Et quod Rogerus la Warre 
filius Johannis la Warre filii predicti Johannis la Warre quondam viri predicte Johanne 
est heres eorundem Joliannis et Johanne propinquior Et est etatis xxv [xxvj — co. 
Lincoln'] annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 123, no. 10: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 12, no. 12). 

(») "Margareta que fuit uxor Johannis la Warre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
10 Sep. 23 Edw. in England and 10 in France. Inq., cos. Sussex, Somerset, 
Gloucester, 22 Sep., 8 Oct., and Sunday 11 Oct. 1349. " Et ipsa obiit die Jovis 
[20 Aug.] proximo post festum Assumpcionis beate Marie ultimo preteritum [obiit 
xxij" die Augusti anno supradicto — co. Sus$ex] Et dicunt quod Rogerus la Warre 
miles est filius et heres predicte Margarete propinquior et filius et heres predicti 
Johannis la Warre de corpore ipsius Margarete procreatus Et fuit etatis xxij annorum 
ad festum sancti Andree Apostoli ultimo preteritum." Inq., Berks, 31 Oct. 1349. 
Date of death, 22 Aug.: heir, aged 22 and more, as before. Inq., Wilts, 18 Sep. 
1349. Date of death, 20 Aug.: heir, of full age, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 99, no. 3: Exch. Inq. p. m., Enrolments, nos. 69, 73, 78). 

C") "Johannes filius Johannis la Ware." Writ of diem cl. ext. 24 June. {Fine 
Roll, 5 Edw. 111,7/;. 13). 

(<^) Dugdale and others state that his grandfather was the Lord la Warre men- 
tioned by Froissart as being at the battle of Crecy, but this is an error. On 16 May 
1353 the lands late of John la Warre deceased were exonerated from assessment, as 
the said John had found Roger la Warre kt. and John la Warre kt. br. of Roger, now 
tenants of the said lands, who had served continuously in the retinue of the Prince of 
Wales from the King's arrival at La Hogue till his return to England. {Memoranda 
Roll, K.R., 27 Edw. III). This John, br. of Roger, inherited lands in Bock- 
hampton and Eastbury, Berks {Close Roll, 23 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 10), and d. s.p., 
23 Oct. 1358, in parts beyond seas (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 149, no. 13). 

{^) Fine Roll, 23 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 18. His fealty — for the manor of Allington 
— was taken by the Chancellor, the Bishop of St. Davids. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 343, 
no. 20761). By a fine, levied in the quinzaine of Easter 5 Edw. Ill, John s. of 
Roger la Warre conveyed the manors of Allington, Wickwar, and Brislington, to him- 
self for life: rem. to John his s., and Margaret wife of the same John s. of John s. of 
Roger, and the heirs of their bodies: rem. to his own right heirs. {Feet of Fines, 
case 286, file 36, no. 82). Writ — for the manor of Allington — 4 Nov. 4 Edw. Ill, 
Inq. a. q. d. 2 Jan. 1330/1 (file 2o8, no. 26), licence 20 Jan. 1330/1 {Patent 
Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 5). 



DE r.A WARR 145 

grandmother, Joan, had held for life.(^) He accompanied the Prince of 
Wales to Gascony in Sep. 1355, and was in the skirmish at Romorantin in 
SolognejC") and at the battle of Poitiers. (■=) He was with the King in the 
invasion of France, Oct. 1359 to i36o,('') and was taken prisoner in the latter 
year by Sir Jean Haubert.(°) He was sum. to Pari., 14 Aug. (1362) 36 
Edw. Ill and i June (1363) 37 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Rogero de la IVan-c 
or de IVarre. He was in Gascony with the Prince of Wales in 1364, 1366, 
1368, and 1368/9,0 and was one of the commissioners appointed by the King 
of Castile, 23 Sep. 1366, to put the Prince of Wales in possession of the 
domain of Biscay.(6) He served under the Duke of Lancaster in his raid 
into Picardyand Caux, July to Nov. 1369,0 and was again with the Prince 
of Wales in Gascony in 1370. He w., istly, before 14 Oct. 1338, Eliza- 
bethjC") 2nd da. of Sir Adam de Welle, of Well, co. Lincoln [Lord 

(*) Writ de terns liherandU — for Wakerley — 22 Apr. [Fine Roll, 27 Edw. Ill, 
m, 16); writ de non intromittendo — for Swineshead — 22 Apr. {Cloie Roll, m. 22). 

(»>) Gascon Roll, 29 Edw. Ill, m. 8: Eulog. Hist., vol. iii, p. 218: Baker, p. 129: 
Froissart, lib. i, cap. 156. 

(') The King of France surrendered himself at Poitiers to Denis de Morbek, a 
knight of Artois, according to Froissart, who gives a minute account. Denis was 
appealed against by Bernard de Troie, a squire of Gascony, in respect of the taking of 
the King of France at the battle of Poitiers. [Patent Roll, 33 Edw. III,/). 3, m. i). 
In 1360-61 Bernard and Denis were both frequently receiving money from Edward III, 
but the payments to the former only are described as "pro capcione Johannis Regis 
Francie." [Issue Rolls, nos. 401-403, 408). By his deed, dated I July 1 36 1, " Ber- 
nardus deu Troy scutifer de Vasconia ... in periculo anime mee" declared "quod die 
belli de Poitiers Ego cepi Regem Francie et se mihi reddidit Rex predictus et meus verus 
prisionariusest et nullus alius jus habet in eo preter me de jure vel racione." Witnesses: 
the lords Olivier de Clisson, William de Mountagu, Bartholomew de Burghersh, 
Robert de Holand, Thomas de Ros, Bernard de Brocas, ^c. (Orig., Cotton MSS., 
Calig., D3, f. 102). There is a story that Roger la Warre and John Pelham were 
in the crowd which surrounded the King, the former getting the King's sword, and 
the latter his belt: and that Roger therefore took the crampet or chape of a sword, and 
John a buckle, as their badges. Froissart does not mention either of them. 

[^) French Rolls, 33 E^dw. Ill, p. 1, m. y, 34 Edw. Ill, />. I, >n. 12. Froissart 
(lib. i, cap. 21 1) says that the Lord la Warre was knighted at Bourg-la-Reinc [/.c, in 
Apr. 1360], but this is a mistake. 

(^) Dugdale, Baronage, vol. ii, p. 16, ex autogr. penes Cler. Pell. 

Patent Roll, 38 Edw. Ill, />. 2, m. 24: Gascon Rolls, 38 Edw. Ill, m. I; 
40 Edw. Ill, m. 10; 42 Edw. Ill, m. 3; 43 Edw. Ill, ;w. 12: Froissart, lib. i, 
cap. 232, 267. He was in the expedition to Navarre in 1367, according to the Poem 
by Chandos Herald, 1. 2327. 

(e) Dipl. Doc, Exch., T. R., box 8, no. 214. 

('') By a fine, levied in the quinzaine of Easter, 13 Edw. Ill, John la Warre 
granted the castle and manor of Ewyas Harold and Kentchurch in the March of Wales, 
and the manor of Albrighton, Salop, to Roger la Warre and Elizabeth wife of Roger, 
for their lives — they paying him a rent of ;r40 a year for his life — with reversion to 
himself and his heirs: for this Roger and Elizabeth gave him ;^200. [Feet 0/ Fines, 
case 287, file 39, no. 250). Writ 14 Oct. 12 Edw. Ill, Inq. a. y. d., Salop, March of 
Wales, Tuesday the morrow [but Tuesday was the vigil] of St. Martin and Saturday 

19 



146 DE LA WARR 

Welle], by Margaret, his wife. She was living 24 Feb. 1 344/5. (») He 
;«., 2ndly, before 3 Feb. 1353/4, Elizabeth. C") He w., 3rdly, before 
23 July 1358, (') Alianore, da. of Sir John de Moubray, Lord of Ax- 
holme, Bramber, and Gower [Lord Moubray], by his ist wife, Joan, da. 
of Henry, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester. ('^) He d. 27 Aug. 1370, 
in Gascony, aged 43.(') Will dat. at his manor of Wakerley, 28 Apr. 

after St. Andrew [5 Dec] 1338 (file 244, no. 7), licence 3 Mar. 1338/9 {Patent Roll, 
13 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 27). By indentures dated at Wakerley, Sunday before St. 
George [18 Apr.] 13 Edw. Ill, " Est acorde entre monsire Johan La Warre dune part 
et monsire Adam de Welle de par' Roger La Warre et Elizabeth sa femme dautre 
part " that, after seizin had by Roger and Elizabeth of the said manors, " le dit monsire 
Johan auera la garde du Chaste! et Manoirs auaunditz a sa vie et prendra ent les issues 
et profitz pur sa volente a sustenir et trouer a mesmes ces Roger et Elizabeth et as 
enfauntz qe de eux istrent. . . . Et le dit monsire Johan voelt et graunte qe quel hure 
qe lui plerra estre descharge de sustenir et trouer as auauntditz Roger et Elizabeth et 
lour enfauntz si comme est auauntdit Adounq's les ditz Roger et Elizabeth eyent Ic 
Chastel et Manoirs auauntditz quites et deschargez de la dite rente." (Orig., with the 
seal of John la Warre, Harl. Charter, 57, E 21). 

(•) Adam de Welle, by his will, dated Thursday the Feast of St. Matthias 1344 
[24 Feb. 1344/5], left "Elizabethe la Warre filie mee xx marcas." 

C") By a fine, levied on the morrow of the Purification 28 Edw. Ill, Roger la 
Warre conveyed the manor of Isfield and the manor and advowson of Wickwar to 
himself and Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs of their bodies: rem. to John his son, in tail 
general: rem. to his own right heirs. {Feet of Fines, case 287, file 44, no. 497). 

i^) By two fines, levied, one on Monday the morrow of St. Mary Magdalene 
8 Henry, Duke of Lancaster, the other in the quinzaine of St. Michael 32 Edw. Ill, 
Roger la Warre chr. conveyed the manor of Manchester and the advowsons of Man- 
chester and Ash ton, the manor of Swineshead and the advowsons of Swineshead and 
the chapel of Barthorpe [in Swineshead], to himself and Alianore his wife, and his 
heirs. {Feet of Fines, case 120, file 31, no. 60; case 140, file 122, no. 24). Roger and 
Alianore were also enfeoffed of the manors of Bloxholm and Woodhead, and of the 
advowsons of Bloxholm and Great Casterton, by charter dated at Bourne, Friday the 
vigil of St. Bartholomew 33 Edw. Ill, and of two-thirds of the manor of Birstall, by 
charter, to them and the heirs of their bodies. {Inq. p. m. on Roger la Warre). 

(■*) Genealogists have hitherto stated that this Alianore was da. of (her brother) 
John de Moubray, by Elizabeth (de Segrave), his wife. It is said by Smyth of Nibley 
(vol. ii, p. 141) that this affiliation was accepted in the proceedings taken by William, 
Lord Berkeley, to get rid of his wife, Elizabeth (West), on the ground of consanguinity. 
Smyth does not " wholly subscribe " to the pedigree then put forward — which is other- 
wise correct — but does not say why. Alianore, eldest da. of John de Moubray and 
Elizabeth (de Segrave), was not horn till shortly before 25 Mar. 1364 {Patent Roll, 
43 Edw. Ill, p. I m. i6):shew. John, s. and h. of Sir John de Welle (Harl. Charter, 55, 
B 24). See Welle. The Alianore mentioned in the text was, presumably, da. of John 
de Moubray by his ist wife, Joan, who was living in Sep. 1345, rather than by his 
2nd wife, Elizabeth, da. of John de Veer, Earl of Oxford. 

(*) " Rogerus le Warre chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 14 Oct. 44 Edw. in 
England and 31 in France. Inq., cos. Berks, Wilts, Somerset, Salop, Lincoln, 
Leicester, Lancaster, Rutland, Northants, Sussex, Hereford, 24, 26, 26, 26 Oct., 
Tuesday after SS. Simon and Jude [29 Oct.], Saturday the Commemoration of All 



DE LA WARR 147 

(1368) 42 Edw. Ill, pr. at Stow Park, co. Lincoln, 5 Oct. 1370. (") His 
widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, 26 Nov. I370.('') She m., 
2ndly, before 12 Feb. 1372/3, Sir Lewis de Clifford. (°) She i/. before 
18 June 1387. He d. in 1404. Will dat. 17 Sep. 1404, pr. 5 Dec. 
1404-0 

IV. 1370. 4. John (la'Warre), Lord la Warre, s. and h., by 

1st wife, aged 25 and more at his father's death. He was 

in Gascony with the Prince of Wales in Feb. 1368/9: he was then a knight. (*) 



Souls (2) [2 Nov.], Wednesday after All Saints (2) [6 Nov.], 13, 15 Nov. 1370. 
" Et dicunt quod predictus Rogerus obiit xxvij" die August! ultimo preterito [obiit in 
Vascon' die Martis proximo post festum sancti Bartholomei anno regni domini Regis 
nunc xliiij" — cos. Lincoln, Leicester, Rut/and, Northants^ Et dicunt quod Johannes la 
Warre chivaler filius predict! Rogeri est heres ejus propinquior et etatis xxv annorum 
et amplius [xxv annorum — co. Leicester^" The name is written de la Ware in the Inq. 
CO. Salop, le IVarre or la JVarre in the others. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 217, 
no. 68: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 32, no. 6, and Enrolments, nos. 154, 156). 

{') Lambeth Reg., Whittlesey, f. Ii6v: Lincoln Reg., vol. xii, fF. 97V-98. 
"Rogerus la Warre miles . . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in monasterio Abbathie 
de Swyneshevid' inter antecessores meos." He mentions " Johanni la Warre filio meo 
primogenito," " Katerine filie mee," and "Thome Edwardo et Johanni minori filiis 
meis." 

C") Writs de dote assignanda 26 Nov. Four writs de non intromittendo, of the same 
date, liberated to her the manors and advowsons of which she had been jointly enfeoffed 
with Roger la Warre kt., formerly her husband. [Close Roll, 44 Edw. Ill, m. 6). 

(') Licence for John la Ware to grant to Lewis de ClifiFord chr. and Alianore 
his wife, in survivorship, the castle and manor of Ewyas Harold with the knights' fees 
and appurtenances in cos. Hereford, Somerset, Wilts, and Surrey — the manor of Ailing- 
ton excepted — and the reversion of the manor of Albrighton: 12 Feb. 1372/3. (Ch. 
Privy Seals, I, file 431, no. 29545: Patent Roll, 47 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 34). By two 
fines, levied in the quinzaine of St. Hilary 47 Edw. Ill [47/48 Edw. Ill], Lewis 
Clifford kt. and Alianore his wife sold to John la Warre kt. quicquid habuerunt in dotem 
ipsius Alianore in one-third of the manors of Portslade, Folkington, Fletching, Wakerley, 
Brislington, and AUington, and in one-third of a messuage, i^c, in Bockhampton, 
for 300 marks: also the manor of Bloxholm, and 12 messuages, ^c, in Birstall, for 
200 marks. {Feet of Fines, czse 288, file 50, nos. 754, 755). On 18 June 1387, 
Alianore being dead, John had licence to release all his right in the castle and manor 
of Ewyas Harold to Lewis and his heirs. On 28 Apr. 1407 the feofFues of the feoffees 
of Lewis had licence to enfeoff William de Beauchamp of Abergavenny and Joan his 
wife of the said castle and manor, for life, with rem. to divers persons. {Patent Rolls, 
10 Ric. 11,/). 2, m. 4; 16 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 2; I Hen. IV, p. 5, m. 4, p. 6, ;/;. 42; 
8 Hen. IV, />. 2, m. 19). 

(<*) P.C.C., 7 Marche, f. 56 v. In this will, written in a strain of abject humility, 
he states that he is "fals and traytour to my lord God and to alle ye blessyd compaiiye 
of hevene and onworthi to be clepid a cristen man," and directs "my wretchid careyne 
to be buryed in ye ferthest corner of ye Chirche yeerd in which parishe my wretchid 
soule depart fro my body." He was a Lollard, and it is not clear whether he was here 
canting, or recanting. 

(') Gascon Roll, 43 Edw. Ill, m. 12. 



148 DE LA WARR 

He had livery of his father's lands, 26 Nov. 1370, his homage and fealty 
being respited, as he was still in Gascony.(*) The King took his homage 
and fealty, 7 Mar. i37o/i.('') He accompanied the King in his attempted 
invasion of France in Sep. I372,('') and distinguished himself in the raid 
under the Earl of Buckingham into Brittany, July 1380 to Apr. I38i.(') 
He did homage to Richard II at his Coronation, 16 July 1377. C) He was 
sum. for Military Service, 13 June (1385) 8 Ric. II, and to Pari, from 8 Jan. 
(1370/1) 44 Edw. Ill to 5 Nov. (1397) 21 Ric. II, by writs directed 
Johanni de la Warre, la IVarre, or le JVarre. He had, however, on 
account of a weakness of the eyes, been exempted for life from attending 
Pari., notwithstanding his tenure from the Crown by barony, 5 Nov. 
1382.0 He «;., istly, before 8 May 1368, Elizabeth. (') He w., 2ndly, 
before 20 Jan. 1388/9, Elizabeth, (e) da. and h. of Sir Gilbert de Neville, 
of Grimsthorpe, co. Lincoln, Durrington, Wilts, Vernham Dean, Hants, 
^c, by Katherine, his wife. She had w., istly, before 27 May 1359, C") 

(*) "... pro eo quod Johannes la Warre chivaler fili'us et hercs Rogeri la Warre 
chivaler defuncti qui de nobis tenuit in capite in obsequio nostro in partibus Aquitanie 
in comitiva carissimi primogeniti nostri Edwardi Principis Aquitanie et Wallie moratur." 
{Fine Roll, 44 Edw. Ill, m. 7). 

(•>) Cloie Roll, 45 Edw. Ill, m. 38 d. His fealty was actually taken by the 
Chancellor, the Bishop of Winchester. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 422, no. 28661). 

("=) Froissart, lib. i, cap. 312; lib. ii, cap. 50-52, 61. 

("J) Close Roll, I Ric. II, mm. 43, 28 d. 

(') Patent Roll, 6 Ric. II, p. I, m. 9. He obtained another licence, 14 Oct. 
1397, to the same effect, with an exemption from attending the King in peace or war, 
added. [Idem, 21 Ric. 11, p. I, m. i). He is, however, named as one of those who 
had absented themselves from the Pari. sum. 1 7 Dec. 1 1 Ric. II, in nostri contemptum 
manifestum. {Close Roll, m. 1 3 d). 

(') Charter by which Roger la Warre, Lord of Folkington, granted the manor and 
advowson of Folkington, the manor of Portslade with its members and the advowson of 
Aldrington, the manor and advowson of Wickwar, and the manor of Sixhills, with 
all liberties, iifc, to John la Warre kt. his eldest son, and Elizabeth wife of John, and 
the heirs of their bodies: dated at Isfield, Monday after the Invention of the Cross 
42 Edw. III. (Enrolled on Close Roll, 42 Edw. Ill, m. 20 d). 

(8) By two fines, levied in the quinzaine of Easter 12 Ric. II, John la Warre chr. 
and Elizabeth his wife conveyed the manor of Durrington, a moiety of the manor 
of Vernham, and the manor of Grafton [Grafton Underwood, Northants], to them- 
selves and the heirs of their bodies, with reversions to their feoffees, in fee. By a 
third fine, of the same date, John la Warre chr. conveyed the manor of Wakerley to 
himself and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies, rem. to his own right heirs. 
{Feet of Fines, case 289, file 55, no. 182; case 178, file 88, nos. 116, 117). Licence 
20 Jan. 1388/9. {Patent Roll, 12 Ric. 11, p. 2, m. 24). 

C") "Gilbertus de Nevill'." Writs of diem cl. ext. 30 May 33 Edw. in England 
and 20 in France. Inq., cos. Lincoln, York, Hants, Wilts, Tuesday and Thursday in 
Whitsun Week [11, 13 June], 15, 18 June 1359. "Item dicunt quod idem 
Gilbertus obiit xxvij° die Maii ultimo preterito Item dicunt quod Elizabetha filia 
predicti Gilberti quam Simon Simeon duxit in uxorem est heres ipsius Gilberti propin- 
quior et est etatis sexdecim annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 143, 
no. 9). Cf. Close Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, ;;;. 25. 



DE LA WARR 149 

Simon Simeon, of Gosberton, co. Lincoln, who ^. j./>., i8 Dec. 1387, (•") at 
Grimsthorpe, and whose will, dat. at Grimsthorpe, Saturday the Feast of 
St. Augustine in May [26 May] 1386, was pr. at Lincoln, 31 Dec. i387.('') 
She, who was aged 16 and more in June 1359, d. s.p., 18 Dec. I393.(') 
Will dat. at Grimsthorpe, 12 Oct. 1393 17 Ric. II, admon. granted at 
Lincoln, 17 Jan. 1 393/4. ('^) Lord la Warre d. s.p., 27 July I398.(*) 



(^) "Simon Symeon." Writs of diem cl. ext. 21 Dec. and II Jan. 11 Ric. II. 
Inq., COS. Lincoln (2), Wilts, Hants, Hunts, York, 2, 2 Jan., Tuesday and Wednesday 
after, and Thursday after the octaves of, the Purification [4, 5, 13 f'eb.], and Wednes- 
day 4 Mar. 1387/8. "...dictus Simon obiit [apud Grymesthorp' in comitatu 
Lincoln' — co. Lincoln] decimo octavo die Decembris ultimo preterito." Inq., Northants, 
28 Jan. 1387/8. "... predictus Simon obiit die Mercurii proximo ante festum sancti 
Thome Apostoli anno regni Regis Ricardi secundi undecimo." No heir is mentioned 
in any of the inquisitions. (Ch. Inq. p. w., Ric. II, file 53, no. 48: Exch. Inq. p. m., 
I, file 54, no. 9). 

(*>) Lincoln Reg., vol. xii, f. 347 r and v. "Simon Simeon . . . corpus meum ad 
sepeliendum in ecclesia nove collegiate beate Marie de Leycestr' coram quadam ymagine 
beate Marie ex parte australi dicte ecclesie." Commission to grant probate dated at 
Sleaford, 24 Dec. 1387. 

(') Writ of cerciorari iuper causa capcionis in manum Regis ac de vera va/ore: for 
the manor of Durrington and a moiety of the manor of Vcniham "Johannis la 
Warre chivaler": i4"Oct. 19 Ric. II [sic, i.e. 1395: /. 18 Ric. II]. "inq., Wilts, 
Hants, 18 June 18 Ric. II [1395] and Tuesday the Feast of St. Alban 19 Ric. II 
[22 June 1 395]. Elizabeth da. and h. of Gilbert de Nevyle died seized of the premises. 
"Et dicunt quod predicta Elizabetha obiit die Jovis proxima ante festum nat' domini 
anno dicti domini Regis xvij" Et quis heres ejus est totaliter ignorant set dicunt quod 
Johannes dominus [dominus Johannes — co. Hants] de la Ware cepit proiicua ... a 
tempore mortis predicte Elizabethe quo titulo ignorant." (Ch. Misc. Inq., file 256, 
no. 80). 

("*) Lincoln Reg., vol. xii, fF. 410 v-411. "Elizabetha la Warre uxor domini la 
Warre . . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia Abbacie sancte Marie de Swynes- 
hede videlicet in illo loco ubi reverendus dominus meus disposuit pro se sepeliendo in 
futur'." By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. Hilary 12 Ric. II, John la Warre kt. 
and Elizabeth his wife conveyed the manors of Doubledyke in Gosberton, Southorpe, 
Grimsthorpe, Ingoldsby, Glanford Brigg, ^c, co. Lincoln, Molesworth, Hunts, and 
Great and Little Harrowden, Finedon, ^c, Northants, to themselves and the heirs 
of their bodies, with reversion to their feoffees, in fee. [Feet of Fines, case 289, file 55, 
no. 179). By their charter, dated at Grimsthorpe, Sunday in the octaves of Easter 
16 Ric. II, John la Warre kt. Lord la Warre and Elizabeth his wife conveyed several 
of the said manors to other feoffees, in fee. To this deed is attached their seals, his 
bearing the arms of La Warre, supporters two lions addorsed, rampant and reguardant, 
wearing helmets with plumes: and hers, the same arms, impaling a chief dancette, 
Neville of Grimsthorpe, supporters two talbots addorsed, sejant and reguardant. (Orig., 
Harl. Charter, 57, E 22). 

(') "Johannes le Warre chivaler." Writs of diem ci. ext. 5 Aug. 22 Ric. II. 
Inq., Duchy of Lancaster, 17 Aug. 1398. "Et dicunt quod predictus Johannes la 
Warre obiit die sabbati proximo post festum sancti Jacobi Apostoli ultimo preterite Et 
quod magister Thomas la Warre persona ecclesie de Mamcestr' est frater et propinquior 
heres predicti Johannis la Warre videlicet fllius Rogeri la Warre patris predicti Johannis 



I50 DE LA WARR 

Will dat. 8 Jan. 1397 [1397/8], pr. at Swineshead, i Aug. 
1398.0 

V. 1398. 5. Thomas (la Warre), Lord LA Warre, next br. and 

h., of the whole blood. On 30 Aug. 1363, he had a 
papal disp. that he might be ordained priest and hold a benefice on attain- 
ing his 20th yeariC") the next day, by another disp., he obtained licence to 
hold a canonry of Lincoln, with the expectation of a prebend. C") On 
13 Oct. 1372, having the first tonsure, he was instituted to the rectory of 
Ashton-under-Lyne: this he resigned, 11 Oct. 1373. (") Prebendary of 
New Lafford in the Cath. Church of Lincoln and Vicar of Sleaford, in or 
before 1376.0 On 24 Dec. 1378 he was instituted to the rectory of 
Swineshead: this he resigned in 1382.0 He was admitted to the prebend 
of Grindall in York Minster, 31 Jan. 1380/1.Q On 13 Mar. 138 1/2 he 
was instituted to the rectory of Manchester.O On 7 Dec. 1390, being 
then Rector of Manchester, and holding the free chapel of Barthorpe in 
the diocese of Lincoln, and the canonries and prebends of New LaiFord 
and Grindall, he had a papal disp. to hold another benefice. O O" 4 Dec. 
1394 he was instituted to the rectory of Swineshead: this he resigned in 
1400.0 He resigned the prebend of Grindall in 1397, in exchange for 
that of Oxton and Cropwell in the Coll. Church of Southwell, to which he 
was collated 8 Aug. 1397.C) On 2 Sep. 1398, his homage was respited, 
and he had livery of his brother's lands, his fealty being ordered to be 
taken by the escheator in co. Lincoln :(') he was then aged 40 and more. 



la Warre et etatis xl annorum et amplius." Inq., Sussex, Surrey, Somerset, Bristol 
town, COS. Gloucester, Wilts, Hants, Hunts, Lincoln, Northants, 12, 14, 14, 14, 16, 
20, 27 Aug., Tuesday (2) and Thursday after St. Bartholomew [27, 29 Aug.] 1398. 
"Et dicunt quod predictus Johannes le Warre obiit vicesimo septimo die Julii ultimo 
preterito Et dicunt quod Thomas le Warre [clericus — cos. Sussex, Surrey, Hunts] est 
frater predict! Johannis le Warre et heres ejus propinquior et est etatis quadraginta 
annorum et amplius." No heir is mentioned in the Inq. co. Hants. The name is 
written either /e Warre or la Warre in the inquisitions. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, 
file 108, no. 53: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 71, no. 2, and Enrolments, no. 331). 

(*) Lincoln Reg., vol. xiii, fF. 2V-3. "Johannes la Warre miles . . . corpusque 
meum ad sepeliendum in Abbacia de Swynnesheuede." 

C*) The first disp. was on the petition of Joan, Princess of Aquitaine and Wales, 
whose clerk he was. {Papal Petitions, vol. i, p. 456: Papal Letters, vol. iv, p. 31). 

(*) Coventry and Lichfield Reg., vol. iv, Stretton i, ff. 86 r and v, 29. 

(■*) Le Neve, Fasti, vol. ii, p. 161: cf. Patent Roll, 15 Ric. II, p. i, m. 29. 

(') Lincoln Reg., vol. x, f. 92V. His successor was instituted, 9 Apr. 1382. 
{Idem, f. 118). 

(') Le Neve, vol. iii, p. 191. 

(8) Papal Letters, vol. iv, p. 356. 

C") Lincoln Reg., vol. xi, f. 74. His successor was instituted, 20 Apr. 1400. 
{Idem, vol. xiii, f. gv). 

(') Torre's MSS., in York Minster, f. 1042: Le Neve, vol. iii, p. 450. 

(i) Fine Roll, 22 Ric. II, m. 1 8. 



DE LA WARR 151 

The King took his homage before 22 Oct. I398.(') At about the same 
time he resigned the free chapel of Barthorpe in Swineshead-C") He 
was sum. to Pari, from 19 Aug. (1399) 23 Ric II to 7 Jan. (1425/6) 

4 Hen. VI, by writs directed Magistro Thome le (Varre, de la IVarre^ or de la 
Ware. He had licence, 10 Jan. 1401/2, to absent himself for three years from 
Parliaments and Councils. (') On 18 July 1403 he was commanded to come 
with all speed before the King, under pain of forfeiture of life and members 
and everything.('^) He was one of the Lords who sealed the exemplifica- 
tion of the second Act settling the succession to the Crown, 22 Dec. i4o6.('') 
The King granted him the prebend of Riccall in York Minster, on an 
exchange, for that of Oxton and Cropwell, 12 May i407:('') he was admit- 
ted, 29 Sep.- 1 Oct. 1407, and held it till his death. (*■) He was collated to the 
prebend of Leighton Ecclesia in the Cath. Church of Lincoln, after i Mar. 
1416/7: this he resigned in 1418 for the prebend of Ketton, in the same 
Cath. Church, which he held till his death. (*) On 22 May 142 i his feoffees 
had royal lie. to erect the parish church of Manchester into a collegiate 
church.(*) On 12 Nov. 1422 he was instituted to the rectory of Swines- 
head.Q He d. 7 May I427,('') and was probably bur. at Swineshead.(') 

(*) Writ de non distringendo racione homagii, to the Treasurer and Barons of the 
Exchequer, 22 Oct. {Close Roll, 22 Ric. II, p. \, m. 22). 

('') His successor was admitted 19 Nov. 1398. [Lincoln Reg., vol. xiii, f. 2). 

(<=) Patent Rolls, 3 Hen. IV, /. I, m. 18; 8 Hen. IV, p. 2, m. 13. 

{^) Rotulus Fiagii, m. 24: Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 582, 583. 

(') Torre's MSS., ut supra: Le Neve, vol. iii, p. 209. 

(') Lincoln Reg., vol. xiv, fF. 363V, 495V; vol. xvi, fF. 30, 23V. 

(«) Patent Roll, 9 Hen. V, />. I, m 13. 

(*>) "Thomas la Warre." Writs of diem cl. ext. 12 May 5 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. 
Somerset, Sussex, Wilts, Gloucester, Lincoln, and Bristol town, 22 May, Thursday 

5 June (2), Tuesday and Thursday in Whitsun Week [10, 12 June], and Friday 
before Trinity [13 June] 1427. These all state that Roger la Warre [who rt'. i37o]m. 
Elizabeth, da. of Adam, Lord of Welle, and had issue John and the said Thomas, and 
afterwards m. Alianore, da. of the Lord of Moubray, and had issue Joan, wife of Thomas 
West and mother of Reynold West. "Item . . . dicunt quod dictus Thomas la Warre 
[clericus — Bristol town] . . . obiit vij" die Maii ultimo preterito Et quod predictus 
Reginaldus West est heres ejusdem Thome la Warre propinquior videlicet filius dictc 
Johanne nuper uxoris predicti Thome West sororis predicti Thome la Warre . . . 
[by virtue of divers fines, i^c] et quod idem Reginaldus est etatis xxviij annorum 
et amplius Et quod quidam Johannes Griffon' est heres generalis dicti Thome in 
dicto brevi nominati videlicet filius Thome filii Katerine filie Katerine sororis Jo- 
hannis patris Rogeri patris predicti Thome in dicto brevi nominati et est etatis xxx 
[xxxviij — CO. Lincoln] annorum et amplius." Inq., cos. Lancaster, Northants, Thursday 
in Whitsun Week and Wednesday after Trinity [12, 18 June] 1427. Date of death, 
and John Griffon, his heir, aged 38 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, 
file 30, no. 54: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 138, no. 9, and Enrolments, no. 260). See 
also Towneley's Abstracts, vol. ii, pp. 17-18, and Duchy of Lancaster, Chancery Roll 7, 
nos. 42-47, 49. For the descent of John Griffon from La Warre, see Latimer of 
Braybrooke. 

(') His arms were in a window of that church, with the inscription, "Orate pro 



152 DE LA WARR 

VI. 1427. 6. Reynold (West), Lord la Warre, and Lord 

West, nephew of the half blood, 2nd s. but eventually 
h. of Sir Thomas West, of Oakhanger, Newton Valence, and Winkton, 
Hants, Wolveton, Compton Valence, and Hinton Martell, Dorset, 
Blatchington, Sussex, i^c. [Lord West], by Joan, da. (the only da. who 
left issue) of Roger, Lord la Warre, by his 3rd wife, Alianore, both above 
named: the said Joan (who d. 24 Apr. I404)('') being sister of the half 
blood of the last two Lords. He was b. 7 Sep. 1395, and sue. his elder 
br., Sir Thomas West, 29 or 30 Sep. I4i6.('') The King took his homage, 
and he had livery of his brother's lands, 22 Nov. 141 6, his fealty being 
ordered to be taken by the escheator in cos. Somerset and Dorset:('=) he was 
.then a knight. He was in the wars with France. ('') He occurs as Captain of 
Saint L6 in the Cotentin in Mar. 14 17/8 and Apr. 142 IjC^) and was 
appointed Captain of the fort of La Mote, 5 Dec. I4i9.('') The King 
took his fealty, 21 June 1427, his homage being respited, and he had 
livery of the lands which he inherited as h. general of the second Lord.(') 

bono statu Thome domini de la Warre." (Holies' Church Notes, Harl. MSS., 
no. 6829, p. 224). He used the same supporters to his arms as his brother did (Seal, 
Addit. Charter, no. 22005: an angel, with expanded wings, there holds the shield). 

(*) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Joan, late the wife of Thomas West), Hen. IV, file 49, 
no. 26. See West. 

(b) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Thomas West chr.), Hen. V, file 19, no. 28. See West. 

if) Fine Roll, 4 Hen. V, m. 7. But in the Privy Seal, of the same date, the 
Chancellor, the Bishop of Winchester, was ordered to take his fealty. (Ch. Privy 
Seals, I, file 665, no. 714). 

(d) Norman Rolls, 6 Hen. V, />. I, m. 37; 7 Hen. V, /. i, m. 2: French Rolls, 
4 Hen. V, m. 3; 7 Hen. V, m. 4; 9 Hen. V, mm. 17, 15, 12. 

(°) Fine Roll, 5 Hen. VI, mm. 6, 5, 4. For the fines, Wc, under which he thus 
inherited, see above. In the course of the claim of Charles Longvile (1640) to the 
barony of Grey of Ruthin, it was stated that " Thomas Lord La Warre being seised, in 
his demesne as of fee tail, to him and the heirs of his body begotten, by virtue of a fine 
levied in the time of his ancestors, of the barony of La Warre, with divers other lands, 
did [sic, I. died s.p.], as appeareth by an inquisition after his death, 5 Hen. VI, wherein 
is found that John Griffin was the next heir general of the said Thomas of the whole 
blood; and that Reginald West, knight, was his next heir by virtue of the said entail. 
Afterwards the said Reginald West was summoned to parliament, anno 7 Hen. VI, by 
the name of Reginald de la Ware, knight, so that the King conferred that dignity 
upon the half blood, before the whole blood, clean contrary to a state in fee, and re- 
pugnant to the maxim of one sole heir." (Collins, Baronies by IVrit, p. 227). "The 
barony of La Warre" has here been substituted for "the manor of Wickwar," which 
was the actual subject of the fine and of the inquisition in 5 Hen. VI. And the manor 
of Wickwar was not held by barony, nor even of the King in chief, but, as the inqui- 
sition states, of the Lords of Berkeley. Also the rule of half blood, like that oi possessio 
fratris, does not apply to a barony, and for the same reason. For "whosoever shall make 
a title to a barony must resort to the record and begin his title there, and so conse- 
quently must make himself heir to the person first ennobled by that record." (Brampston, 
L.C.J., his argument in the Lord Grey of Ruthyn's case, delivered before the House 
of Lords, 1640/1). Now Reynold West was h. general to the ist and 2nd lords, but 
John Griffon was merely h. general to the brothers, John and Thomas la Warre. 



DE LA WARR 153 

He was sum. to Pari, from 15 July (1427) 5 Hen. VI to 3 Aug. (1429) 
7 Heii. VI, by writs directed Reginaldo la J'Varre chivaler^-xnA from 25 Feb. 
(1431/2) 10 Hen. VI to 23 Sep. (1449) 28 Hen. VI, by writs directed 
Reginaldo IVat chivaler.{f) In Oct. [doubtless 1427, 6 Hen. VI] he 
petitioned the King and Council that he might sit in Pari, with the 
precedence held by his ancestors, Lords la Warre, who had continually 
attended Pari, since 27 Edw. I.C") In 1430 and 143 1 he was in France 
with the King.('=) He had licence to go to Rome and thence to the 
Holy Land, 10 and 13 Dec. 1446, receiving letters from Henry VI, 
dated 3 May following, requesting the Archbishop of Cologne and 
others to give him safe-conducts. (') Was about to go abroad on the 
King's affairs, 14 Oct. 1448. (') He w., istly, before 17 Feb. 1428/9, C) 
Margaret, da. and h. of Robert Thorley, of Tybeste, Cornwall, by 
his 1st wife, Anne, or Amy, LisLE.(') She </. shortly before 24 Nov. 143^. (*) 
He ;«., 2ndly, before 19 Nov. 1443, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Robert 



(*) In the Chancery rolls he is styled Reynold West kt., Reynold la (or de la) 
Warre kt., or Reynold West, Lord la (or de la) Warre, kt. 

C") "A Roy nostre souereign' seignur et a son' tressage counseill' eii cest present 
parleamcnt Supplie vostre treshumble liege Reynold' la Warre Chiualcr q' come 
Roger iadys Sire la Warre Auncestre le dit Reynold' qi heire il est Cest assauoir pere 
Johan pere (Johan pere Roger pere) Johanne Mere le dit suppliant Ian de regn' Ic Roy 
Edward' primer puis le conquest vostre noble progenitour xxvij par brief de somonde d . . 
parleament . . . venoit a son' parleament a lors tenuz a Westm' le dit an xxvij et issint 
continueiement le dit Roger et sez heires Auncestres le dit suppliant en plusours ans . . . 
en temps de mesme nadgaires Roy come en temps de voz nobles progcnitours Edward' 
le second' Edward' le tierce Richard' le second' Henry le quart Henry le (quint . . . en) 
lour propre persones ou par lour procuratours ont venuz as parleamentz des ditz nad- 
gaires Roys continueiement tanq' en cest present parleament a le quel \ostre dit sup- 
pliant est venuz (en son' propre) persone par vostre brief et commandement Que please 
a vostre tresgraciouse seignurie de considerer les premisses et sur ceo de graunter et 
ordeyner par aduys de vostre tressage counseill' . . . assembles q' vostre dit suppliant 
poet auer son' lieu en y cest present parleament en vostre presence come sez ditz 
Auncestres seignurs la Warre ont ev en lez parleamentz . . . ct ceo pour dieu ct en 
ouere de charite." Docketed, "per ducem Glouc' xxxj die Oct'." [Ancient Petitiom, 
file 121, no. 6013 — the ends of the lines arc gone). This claim to precedence — 
which was mentioned in the Grey of Ruthin case — is important, owing to its early 
date and for other reasons. 

(') Feudal Aids, vol. iv, pp. 420, 428: French Rolls, 8 Hen. VI, ww. 19, lO; 
25 Hen. VI, mm. 8, 17, 7; 27 Hen. VI, m. 12; cf. 19 Hen. VI, m. 6. 

C*) Papal Letters, vol. viii, pp. 126, 1 28, 1 29. 

(') Lambeth MSS., no. 257, f. 21 v. This Anne or Amy Lisle is also mentioned 
as wife of Robert Thorley in the Register of the Inscriptions in the Church of the Grey 
Friars, London, Cotton MSS., Vitell., F. 12, f. 285 v. She is called Amy in the 
Patent Roll, I 7 Ric. II, p. 2, m. I 8. The arms of Thorley, Vert, I o escallops Argent, 
were among the quarterings of the Wests, Lords la Warre. 

(') " Margareta que fuit uxor Reginaldi West chivaler." Writ of diem cl. ext., to 
the cscheator in co. Suffolk, 24 Nov. [Fine Roll, 12 Hen. VI, m. 31). 

20 



154 I^E LA WARR 

Greyndour, of Micheldean and Abenhall, co. Gloucester, Aston Ingham, 
CO. Hereford, ^c.,(^) by Joan, da. and h. of Thomas Rugge, of Charlecombe, 
Somerset.C') He d'. 27 Aug. I450,(^) aged nearly 55. His widow m., 
after 10 June 1451, as 2nd wife, John (Tiptoft), Earl of Worcester. 
She, who was aged 23 and more in Jan. 1443/4, i/. i Sep. 1452. ('^) 
He was beheaded on Tower Hill, 18 Oct. I470,(') and was iur. in the 
Church of the Black Friars by Ludgatc. 

VII. 1450. 7. Richard (West, or de la Warre, or West de la 

Warre), Lord la Warre, and Lord West, s. and h., by 

ist wife, i>. 28 Oct. 1430. He was sum. to Pari, from 22 Jan. (1455/6) 



(») "Robertus Greyndour armiger." Writs of diem cl. ext. 26 Nov. and 23 Dec. 
22 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Gloucester, Wilts, Somerset, Hereford, Wednesday 29 Jan., 
Friday after St. Valentine [21 Feb.] 1443/4, Monday after Palm Sunday, and 
Monday before St. Mark [6, 20 Apr.] 1444. "Et quod predictus Robertus Greyndour 
obiit decimo nono die mensis Novembris ultimo preterito anno regni Regis Henrici sexti 
post conquestum vicesimo secundo Et quod Elizabetha nunc uxor Reginaldi West 
militis domini le Warre est filia et heres predicti Roberti Greyndour propinquior et 
etatis viginti ct trium annorum et amplius." Similar writ, 14 Jan. 22 Hen. VI. Inq., 
Somerset, 4 Nov. 1444. Date of death [incorrectly] 6 Jan. 1443/4: heir [no christian 
name], aged 24 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. Vl, file 115, no. 34: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 177, no. 9). 

C") Inq. of 6 Apr. 1444 as above: Patent Roll, 24 Hen. VI, /. I, m. 29. 

("=) "Reginaldus West miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 1 Sep. 29 Hen. VI. Inq., 
CO. Lincoln, 22 Oct. 1450. "Et dicunt quod dictus Reginaldus West miles obiit 
xxvij" die mensis Augusti ultimo preterito Et dicunt quod Ricardus West armiger est 
filius et heres ejus propinquior et est etatis xix annorum in festo Simonis et Jude 
ultimo preterito." Inq., cos. Warwick, Gloucester, Devon, Wilts, Hants, Somerset, 
Surrey, Suffolk, Sussex, Dorset, Leicester, Northants, Herts, the vigil of St. Luke 
[17 Oct.], 19, 20, 20, 24, 24, 25 Oct., Monday before SS. Simon and Jude [26 Oct.], 
26, 26, 26, 26 Oct., 26 Nov. 1450. Date of death, and heir, aged 1 9 and more [20 and 
more — co. Herts], as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. VI, file 1 42, no. 2 1 : Exch. Inq. p. m., 
I, file 189, no. 7). Similar writ, 19 Aug. 18 Hen. VI [sic: more than 10 years 
before his death]. (Duchy of Lancaster, Chancery Roll 7, no. 202). Similar writ, 
20 Sep. 29 Hen. VI. Inq.,co. Lancaster, Thursday before St. Michael [24 Sep.] 1450. 
Date of death, and heir, aged 19 and more, as before. (Palatinate of Lancaster, 4, 1, 
nos. 41, 42). 

(*) " Elizabetha nuper comitissa Wygorn'." Writs of diem cl. ext. 3 Oct. 
31 Hen. VI. Inq., cos. Gloucester, Hereford, 10, 12 July 1453. " Et ulterius dicunt 
quod predicta Elizabetha cepit in virum Johannem comitem Wygorn' modo 
superstitem et habuit exitum inter eos Johannem et obiit primo die Septembris anno 
regni Regis Henrici sexti post conquestum Anglie tricesimo primo Et dicunt ulterius 
quod predictus Johannes filius predicte Elizabethe obiit eodem die Et quod domina 
Johanna de Lychefeld' est consanguinea et propinquior heres predicte Elizabethe 
videlicet soror Roberti Greyndour patris predicte Elizabethe et est etatis triginta 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. VI, file 149, no. 23: Exch. Inq. p. m., 
I, file 193, no. 2). 

(«) The Feast of St. Luke is the date given in 14 out of 17 Inq. p. m. (Ch., 
Edw. IV, file 34, no. 53). See Tibetot. 



DE LA WARR 155 

34 Hen. VI to 19 Aug. (1472) 12 Edw. IV, by writs directed RuarJo 
M'^e SI {or fi^este) militi (or chivaUr). On 19 Dec. 1459 he received a grant of 
;^40 a year for life, for his services against the Yorkist rebels. (') Had licence 
to travel abroad for 3 years, i July I463.('') Obtained a general pardon 
for all offences committed before 7 Oct. last, 15 Oct. 147 1.('') He w., 
before 10 June i45i,(') Katherine, da. of Sir Robert Hungerford, some- 
times called Lord Hlngerford, of Heytesbury, Wilts, by Margaret, da. 
and h. of Sir William Botreaux, sometimes called Lord Botrealx, of 
Boscastle, Cornwall. C) He d. 10 Mar. 1475/6,0 aged 45. His widow 
d. 12 May 1493.(0 



Vin. 1476. 8. Thomas (West), Lord la Warre, and Lord 

W^EST, s. and h., aged 19 and more at his father's death. 
He obtained special livery of his lands, i Sep. 1476, having served, 2 
years previously, in the expedition to France. Knighted by the King, 
18 Jan. 1477/8. He was sum. to Parl.(s) from 15 Nov. (1482) 



(») Patent Rolls, 38 Hen. VI, p. 2, ot. 22; 1 1 Edw. IV, p. I, m. 9. 

{'') With 1 2 servants or less, and as many horses, none of which were to be worth 
more than 40s. apiece. [French Roll, 3 Edw. IV, m. 1 3). 

if) Indult to Richard West, Baron and Lord la Warre, and Katherine liis wife, 
dated iv id. Jun. 5 Nicholas V [10 June 145 i]. {Papal Letters, vol. x, p. 524). In 
the pedigree of Percy, by Bishop Percy {Collins, edit. 1779, vol. ii, p. 373), it is stated 
that Eleanor, 1st da. of Henry, Earl of Northumberland, is mentioned in her father's 
will, dated I Nov. 36 Hen. VI, as unmarried, and that she afterwards m. Reynold 
West, Lord la Warre. This, and Blore's statement {Rutland, p. 100) that the same 
Eleanor was wife of Richard, Lord la Warre, are both obviously erroneous. 

C^) "Kateryne Lady la Warre" is mentioned in the will, dated 8 Aug. 1476, of 
"Margarete Lady Hungerford and Botreaux," as "myne owne doughter." 

(«) "Ricardus West de la Warre miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 2 Apr., 26 May, 
and 28 June 16 Edw. IV. Inq., Somerset, Hants, Wilts, Dorset, Devon, Herts, 
28, 30 Sep., 20, 20, 22, and 26 Oct. 1476. " Dicunt eciam ... quod predictus 
Ricardus West [miles — co. JFilts: dominus de la Warr' miles — co. Hants] obiit decimo 
die Marcii anno regni Regis Edwardi quarti sextodecimo Et quod Thomas West 
armiger est filius et heres propinquior ejusdem Ricardi West et est etatis dccem et no\ em 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. IV, file 57, no. 62). 

(') " Katerina West vidua nuper uxor Ricardi West nuper domini la Warr'." 
Writs of diem cl. ext. 20 and 21 Nov. 9 Hen. VII. {fine Roll, w. 2). Inq., Hant^, 
Wilts, 3, 3 Nov. 1494. "Et quod eadem Katerina obiit duodecimo die Maii anno nono 
[decimo — co. IVilts: I. octavo] regni nunc Et quod predictus Thomas West [dominus 
la Warr' — co. IFilts'] filius predictorum Ricardi et Katerine est ejus filius et heres pro- 
pinquior et est etatis triginta duorum annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 10, 
nos. 98, 99: Exch. Inq. p. m., II, file 959, nos. 4, 9). 

(6) The writs from 22 Edw. IV to I Hen. VIII were erroneously directed 
Ricardo JVest chivaler, Ricardo West militi, or Ricardo West de la IVarre chivaler. 
In I Hen. VIII the error was corrected. There is proof in the Rolls of Pari, of his 
sitting. 



156 



DE LA WARR 



22 Edw. IV to 15 Apr. (1523) 14 Hen. VIII. (») Espousing the cause of 
Henry VII he obtained from that King, 5 Mar. 1485/6, large grants from 
the estates in Sussex of the attainted Duke of Norfolk, including the honour 
of Bramber, the forest of St. Leonards, the towns of Horsham, Shoreham, 
&'c. He was in 1491 one of the commanders in Flanders; aided in sup- 
pressing the Cornish rebels in 1497; in 15 13 was at the sieges of The- 
rouenne and Tournay, being made a Knight Banneret at the defeat of 
the French at Guinegate, known as the Battle of the Spurs, 18 Aug. 15 13. 
Nom. K.G. 23 Apr., and inst. 11 May 15 10. Attended the King's sister 
in 1 5 14 at her marriage with Louis XII of France. He m., istly, 
Elizabeth, sister and h. of Sir John Mortimer, and da. of Hugh Mortimer, 
of Mortimer's Hall, Hants, by Eleanor, da. of John Cornwall. He »z., 
2ndly, Eleanor, da. of Sir Roger Copley, of Roughway, Sussex, by Anne, 
2nd da. and coh. of Thomas (Hoo), Baron Hoo and Hastings. He 
d. II Oct. 1525, and was bur. at Broadwater, aged about 68. Will dat. 
8 Oct. 1524 17 Hen. VIII, pr. in the Cath. Church of St. Paul, London, 
12 Feb. i525/6.('') The will of his widow was dat. 10 May 1536 
28 Hen. VIII, and pr. in London 14 Nov. I536.('=) 



IX. 1525 9. Thomas (West), Lord la Warre, and Lord 

to West, s. and h., by ist wife. K.B. 29 Nov. 1489, on the 

1554. creation of the Prince (Arthur) of Wales. Capt. in the 

King's army in France, being made a Knight Banneret at 
Lille, 14 Oct. 1 5 13; Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex 1524-25. He was sum. 
to Pari, from 3 Nov. (1529) 21 Hen. VIII to 14 Aug. (1553) i Mary. 
He subscribed in 1531 the declaration to Pope Clement VII urging the 
King's divorce, receiving a few years later in recompense for that service 
large grants of monastic lands, viz., Wherwell Abbey, Hants, &'c. He had 
leave of absence from Pari. 153 1/2 on the ground of poverty. He was 
nom. K.G. I, and inst. 13 Dec. 1549; Joint Lord Lieut, of Sussex 1551; 
P.C. 17 Aug. 1553. He m., before 24 Aug. 1494, Elizabeth, da. and 
coh. of Sir John Bonvile, of Halnaker, Sussex, by Katherine, da. of Sir 
Robert Wingfield. She, who was aged 21 and more in 1495, and living 
1536, d. before him, and was i>ur. at Broadwater. He ^. s.p., at his manor 



(*) He figures in a bogus list concocted by Dugdale {Summonses, pp. 49 1 -2) as 
having been sum. to a Pari, beginning 12 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII (really the date to which 
the Pari, which first met 5 Feb. 1 514/5, was prorogued). As to this list see sub II 
Lord Willoughby (of Broke). V.G. 

C") P.C.C., 2 Porche. " Thomas West knyght Lord Laware ... my body to 
be buried in the Tombe of freestone w'in the Chauncell* of the parishe Churche of 
Brodwater." V.G. 

(') P.C.C., 41 Hogen. "Elynour West Lady Lawar' widowe . . . my body to 
be buried in the tombe w* my lord Thomas Lord Laware my late bedfelowe being 
in the Chauncell' in and of the parishe Churche of Brodewater in the Countie of 
Sussex." V.G. 



DE LA WARR 157 

house of Offington, 25 Sep., and was bur. 10 Oct. 1554, at Broadwater.(*) 
Inq. p. m. 6 June I555.('') Will (confirming the will of his late wife) dat. 
5 Sep. 1554 I and 2 Ph. Cs? Mar., pr. in London before the Dean 
and Chapter of the Metrop. Church, 12 Nov. I554.('=) On his death the 
Baronies of La Warre and West fell into abeyance between the daughters 
and coheirs of Sir Owen West (who J. Oct. 1551), his next br., but of 
the half blood.C^) 

(») In 1536, at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries, he wrote pleading 
that Boxgrave Priory, Sussex, which he had founded, might be spared, as the parish 
church was under its roof, and he had made there "a poor chapel to be buried in;" 
if the Priory was suppressed he begged to have the farm. {Letters and Papen, 
Hen. VIII, vol. x, p. 216). An epitaph composed for him by his friend. Lord Morley, 
is printed in Collins, vol. v, p. 15. V.G. His coheirs of the whole blood were 
as under: 

Thomas, Lord de la Eleanor. = Sir Edward Guilford. Dorothy.r=Sir Henry Owe 

Warre: d. 1554. 



I I I 

(l) Joan, Duchess of North- Eliza-= Nicholas (3) Mary: = John (4) Anne: = J.iniej 

Dering. aged 38 in Warnet. aged 36 in Gage. 

1554- '554- 



umberland: aged 50 and more beth. 
in 1554. 



(2) Thomas: aged 24 in 1554. 

(•>) J. H. Round states that the Inq. p. m. gives the date of the will (which is 
rich in genealogical information) as 6 Sep. 1554, states his coheirs to be the heirs of 
his two sisters of the whole blood, records the entail of the lands in strict tail male, 
and dates the disinheriting Act exactly as it is dated in the Lords' Journals. As Sir 
Owen West and his issue male stood next in the entail, he was clearly legitimate, 
and testator calls him his brother, and Sir Owen's wife his "sister." V.G. 

(<=) P.C.C., 12 and 13 More. "Sir Thomas West knight of the noble order 
of the garter and Lorde Lawarr' . . . my bodye shalbe buryed . . . within the parishe 
churche of Brodewater in a power Remembraunce that I have made there in the 
southe side of the saide churche." V.G. 

("*) These were (i) Mary, (2) Anne, of whom Mary became eventually the sole 
heir. Mary m., istly, Sir Adrian Poynings, and 2ndly, Sir Richard Rogers. By 
Poynings she had 3 daughters and coheirs, (i) Elizabeth, (2) Anne, and (3) Mary. 
Sir H. Nicolas observes that "The Barony of la Warr, as well as that of West, 
created by the writ of summons to Thomas West, must be considered to be vested in 
the descendants and representatives of the said Mary. It is a singular fact that, in 
the proceedings on this Barony, temp. Elizabeth, no reference is made to this Mary 
nor to her descendants; and the last report of the Committee of the House of Lords 
on the Dignity of a Peer of the Realm is also silent on the subject of the issue of the 
said Mary, who left three daughters, and whose descendants still exist." J. H. Round 
observes that her M.I. in Odiham Church runs thus—" Mary late wyfFe of Edward 
More eldest [sic'\ daughter and coheire of Sir Adrian Poyninges, knight, and brother to 
Thomas last Lord Poyninges, and of Mary wyffe of the said Sir Adrian and daughter 
and sole heir of Sir Owen West knight etc. She died i 591— ' {I'. C. //., Hampshire, 
vol. iv, p. 97) and that on the altar tomb of Sir Owen West at Wherwell (with 



158 DE LA WARR 

X. 1570. I. William West, nephew and h. mate, being s. and 

h. of Sir George West, of Warbleton, Sussex, by Eliza- 
beth, 1st da. and coh. of Sir Robert Morton, of Lechlade, co. Gloucester, 
which George was 3rd son (2nd s. by the 2nd wife) of the 8th Lord, and 
one of the yr. brothers, of the half blood, of the 9th and last Lord. He 
was b. before 1520, and sue. his father Sep. 1538. Having been adopted 
as heir by his uncle, the last Lord (to the exclusion, apparently of the issue 
of that Lord's next br.. Sir Owen West, whose death s.p.m., did not take 
place till 1 551), he " being not content to stay till his uncle's natural death, 
prepared poison to dispatch him quickly,"('') and was consequently, by Act 
of Pari. I Feb. (1549/50) 4 Edw. VI, disabled from all honours. (*>) He 
was found guilty of being in the plot of Apr. 1556, against Queen Mary.('') 
In July 1557 he was Capt. in the Army at the siege of St. Quintin in 
Picardy; on 10 Apr. 1563 he was restored in blood; in Nov. 1569 (under 

arms and quarterings of West) is an M.I. giving the date of his death as 18 July 
1551 and naming his wife Mary {Idem, vol. iv, p. 414). Courthope says that "Sir 
Adrian Poynings considered that his issue had, in right of their mother, a right to the 
Barony, and in the 9 Eliz. 1567 a case was prepared in which that claim was urged; 
but the heralds of that day, upon what principle it is impossible now to say, were 
of a different opinion." In Banks' Bar. Angl., vol. i, p. 191, the following con- 
jecture is given: "It is said that Sir A. P. was an alien horn, which may account for 
the passing over her \t.e. Lady Poynings'] interest to the next male line." See Pike's 
Conit. Hist, of the House of Lords, where this matter is ably dealt with. See also 
Round's Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, p. 56 et sqq. G.E.C. and V.G. 

C) Dugdale. 

C") It is difficult to understand, as J. H. Round observes {Peerage and Pedigree, 
vol. i, pp. 57-8), why William should have tried to poison his uncle Thomas when his 
uncle Sir Owen West, and not he, was the next heir. The following chart (taken 
from Round, ut supra, p. 56) illustrates the point. 

Elizabeth Mortimer=Thomas (West) Lord la Warre, d. I 525==Eleanor Copley. 



I \ i I — 1 1 

Thomas (West) Eleanor. Dorothy. Sir Owen West, Sir George Leonard 

Lord la Warre, a*. 1551. West, </. 1 538. West. 

</. 1554. == = 

(i) Sir Adrian Poynings = Mary = (2) Sir Richard Rogers. Anne. William West. 

V.G. 

{^) "Tewsday the 30th June [1556] William West, esquier, callinge himselfe 
De la Ware was arraigned at the Guylde Hall in London for treason. But in the be- 
ginninge of his arreignment he would not aunswere to his name of William West 
esquire, but as Lord De la Ware and to be tried by his pieres, which the judges there 
with the heraldes proved he was no lorde, because he was never created nor made a 
lorde by any writt to the Parlement nor had anye patent to shewe for his creation; 
wherefore that plee would not serve, and so had like to have judgment without triall, but 
at last he aunswered to the name of William West esquire, and so was tried by 12 men, 
and condemned of treason, as consentinge to Henry Dudley and his adherents; and 
so had judgment as a traytor." (Wriothesley's Chronicle). V.G. 



DE I.A WARR 159 

the style of " William West, Esquire,") he was joint Lieut, of Sussex. 
He was knighted (by the Earl of Leicester), 5 Feb. 1569/70, at Mampton 
Court, and on the same day was cr. by patent BARON DELA- 
WARE.(^) He was sum. to Pari, from 15' Sep. (1586) 28 Eliz. by writ 
directed WiUielmo fVest dc la H^arr ChTr to 19 Feb. (i 591/2) 34 Eliz., 
taking his seat as y««/or Baron, m which place he sat until his death. In 
1572 he was one of the Peers on the trial of the Duke of Norfolk (after 
whose execution he was sent to the Queen of Scots to expostulate with 
her), and in 1589 he was on the trial of the Earl of Arundel. He w., 
istly, before 1555, Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Strange, of Chesterton, co. 
Gloucester. He ;«., 2ndly, Anne, widow of Thomas Oliver, da. ot Henry 
Swift, of Andover, Hants, by Elizabeth his wife. He d. 30 Dec. 1595, 
at Wherwell, Hants, aged over 75. In(^. p. m. 6 Apr. 1596. Admon. (as 
Sir tVi/Iiam IFest, Lord La fVarre,) 12 Feb. 1 600/1, to Richard Nesfield, 
of Wherwell afsd. His widow m. Richard Kemish, of Andover afsd., who 
d. 6 Oct. 161 1, C") and survived him. 

XL 1595. 2. Thomas (West), Baron de la Warr, s. and h., 

aged JO in 1596. M.P. for Chichester 1571, for East 



(») Sir Edward Walker (MS. WQ 89, in the College" of Arms), according to 
Courthope, gives an account of the ceremony of his creation by patent on Shrove 
Tuesday, 5 Feb. 1569/70, at Hampton Court Palace. The document is printed 
in Round's Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, pp. 64-66, and the date corrected to Shrove 
Sunday. No enrolment of the patent is however to be found. See also notes, sub 
1570, in Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. Townsend, 
Windsor Herald (1784-18 1 9), one of the most competent authorities in such matters, 
in his additions to Dugdale {Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. vii, p. 159), makes the following 
"observations upon the new creation of the title in William, and the restoration, as 
it is called, of the son of William to the ancient place and precedency of his 
ancestors. — The precise date of this new creation is nowhere mentioned with cer- 
tainty. [See, however, above]. I have never seen any letters patent for it, and am of 
opinion that none ever passed. William was sum. to Pari, for the first time in I57'» 
and placed as junior Baron, and during the rem. of his life, more than 25 years, 
continued to be ranked according to that date; an undeniable proof that he was 
considered as holding his dignity by a new creation and not as the right heir of the 
ancient Barony; neither tvas he the right heir according to any of the known rules 
that govern the descent of Baronies by writ. According to those rules, the Barony 
fell into abeyance at the death of his uncle in 1554 and was in' the same state at the 
moment [1597] when the ancient place was adjudged to the son of William. 
William was certainly heir male to his uncle and he is expressly so described in the 
Act of Restitution, but he was not heir general, and therefore I am at a loss to 
discover the principle upon which that judgment rested, which gave the rank of the 
ancient Barony to a person, who could not pretend to be the legal representative of 
the ancient Barons." Townsend's observations, however, are superseded by Round's 
exhaustive discussion and the document he has printed, which was signed by William 
Penson, Lancaster Herald. 

(*•) See F.C.H., Hampshire, vol. iv, pp. 354-5, where his monument at Andover 
is described. (J. H. Round). V.G. 



i6o DE LA WARR 

Looe 1572-83, for Yarmouth (I. ofWight) 1586-87, for Hants 1588-89, 
and for Aylesbury 1592-93. Sheriff of Hants 1585-86; knighted 7 Dec. 
1587. On succeeding to his father's Peerage he claimed the precedency of 
the ancient Barony, when the House of Lords decided that the disability of 
his father was personal only, operating against his father for his life, but 
not affecting the petitioner: that the acceptance of a new creation could not 
injure the claimant, but that on the death of his said father, the old and 
new dignities descended together to the petitioner, and that the old should 
be preferred. On 14 Nov. 1597, he was accordingly placed in the 
precedency of the ancient Barony,(*) viz. next below the Lord Willoughby 
of Eresby, and next above the Lord Berkeley. He was one of the Peers 
that sat in 1601, on the trials of the Earls of Essex and Southampton. 
He m., 19 Nov. 1571, Anne, da. of Sir Francis Knollys, K.G., by Mary, 
da. of William Cary. He d. 24 Mar. 1 601/2. 

Xn. 1602. 3. Thomas (West), Baron de la Warr, 2nd but ist 

surv. s. and h., b. 9 July 1577, and bap. at Wherwell, 
Hants;('') matric. at Oxford (Queen's Coll.), 9 Mar. 159 1/2; M.P. for 
Lymington 1597-98; knighted at Dublin by the Earl of Essex (Lord 
Lieut.) 12 July i599;("=) M.A., Oxford, 30 Aug. i6o5;('') Gov. and Capt. 
Gen. of Virginia, 28 Feb. 16 10, whither he proceeded the same year with 
150 artificers, returning home in 161 1, after having settled that colony.C) 
He w., 25 Nov. 1602, at St. Dunstan's-in-the-West, Cecily, 6th and yst. 

(*) " Vide Report of the Lords' Committee to report on the Dignity of a Peer of the 
Realm, p. 25. After this decision, it may appear presumptuous to have hazarded 
the assertion . . . that the ancient Barony is vested in the representatives of Mary, 
the da. and heir of Sir Owen West, uncle of this Baron; but the case is 
analogous to that of the Barony of Percy, in which instance, akhough Algernon 
Seymour (afterwards Duke of Somerset) was sum. to Pari, in 1722 as Baron Percy, 
on the supposition that he had succeeded his mother in the ancient Barony, and 
although he was placed in and sat with the precedency of the ancient Barons Percy, 
yet it is held by the most competent judges of the subject that the only Barony of 
Percy to which his descendants, the Dukes of Northumberland,* have succeeded, is 
that created by the writ of 1722, the said Algernon Seymour, Lord Percy, having 
erroneously had the precedency of the old Barony assigned to him." (Nicolas). See 
also vol. i. Appendix D, as to Precedency Anomalously Allowed; and see Pike, and 
Round, ut iupra. 

•Since 1865 such descendants and representatives have been the Dukes of 
Atholl [S.]. 

C") " Sponsors Sir Thomas Shirley, Mr. West of Testwood, and Lady Ann 
Askin." 

(') On 26 May 1602 his father-in-law writes to Sir Robert Cecil begging him 
that the Queen may "bestow on him those things which his father enjoyed ... for 
the young gentlemen is left in a most broken estate." V.G. 

C) See note mb Effingham, as to the degrees conferred on this occasion. 

(°) His name is still commemorated in Delaware Bay, the State of Delaware, 
iifc, in America. See Sir Egerton Brydges' full account of this settlement, in 
Collins, vol. V, p. 20. 



DE LA WARR i6i 

da. of Sir Thomas Shirley, of Wiston, Sussex, by Anne, da. of Sir Thomas 
Kempe. He re-embarked for Virginia 7 May 161 8, and arrived at St. 
Michael's, " but sailing from thence dies, together with 30 more, not 
without suspicion of poison "(^) 7 June 16 18, aged 40. Inq. p. »i. at 
Andover, 3 Apr. 161 9. Admon. as "late of Thornwell, Wilts," i July 
1620. His widow was ^ur. 31 July 1662, at Wherwell. 

XIII. 1618. 4. Henry (West), Baron de la Warr, s. and h., /-. 

3 Oct. 1603; sum. to Pari. 14 Nov. (1621) 19 Jac. I; 
Capt. in the Earl of Oxford's regt. of Foot 1624. He m., Mar. 1624/5, 
Isabella, ist da. and coh. of Sir Thomas Edmunds, Treasurer of the 
Household. He i^. i June i628,('') aged 24. Inj. p. m. 15 June 1628. 
His widow, who was h. at Brussels, Nov. 1607, d. between 15 Nov. 1670 
and 1679 (•' -4 Dec. 1677). Will pr. 1679. 



XIV. 1628. 5. Charles (West), Baron de la Warr, onlv s. and 

h., aged 2 years and 4 months at his father's death. He 
was one of the commissioners from the Pari, to treat with the Scots in 
1646, and with the army in 1647, but was imprisoned in Aug. 1659, on 
suspicion of being implicated in Sir George Booth's scheme for the restora- 
tion of the monarchy. He ;«., 25 Sep. 1642, at Highgate, Midx., Anne, 
da. of John Wild, of Droitwich, co. Worcester, Serjeant-at-Law. He d. 
22, and was bur. 27 Dec. 1687, at Wherwell, aged 61. Admon. 2 Jan. 
1687/8, to his son. His widow was bur. 18 May 1702/3, at St. Mar- 
garet's, Westm. 

XV. 1687. 6. John (West), Baron de la Warr, 3rd but ist 

surv.('') s. and h., b. about 1663. Groom of the Stole 
and first Gent, of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark, 
1 697-1 708; a: D.C.L. of Oxford 27 Aug. 1702; Treasurer of the Chamber 
1713-14; one of the Tellers of the Exchequer 1714-15; Treasurer of the 
Excise I7i5-i7.('*) He w., June 1691, Margaret, widow of Thomas 
Salwey,(^) da. and h. of John Freeman, Merchant of London. He d. 

If) Camden's Annah. 

C*) " Henry the brave young Lord La Ware, 

Minerva's and the Muses' care." — Epitaph by B. Jonson. 

(^) His elder br., Charles, ;;i., 26 Dec. 1678, at St. Dionis Backchurch, 
Elizabeth, da. of Sir Edmund Pyc, Bart. 

{^) He usually supported the Tories, but voted for Fen wick's attainder in 1697. 
Bp. Burnet's character of him, when aged 40 and upwards, with Swift's remarks 
thereon in italics, is as follows: "A free jolly Gentleman — of very little sense, but 
formal and well stocked with the loiu kind of Invest politics.'' He sold in 1 695 the 
WHierwell estate granted to his ancestor by Henry VIII. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(') According to Luttrell's Diary, 22 June 1691, the lady was "Mrs. Freeman, 
a widow, da. to Mr. Salaway, a Merchant, worth ^^20,000." 

21 



i62 DE LA WARR 

in Nev/ Palace Yard, 26 May, and was bur. 2 June 1723, at St. Margaret's, 
Westm. Will pr. 1723. His widow d. 31 Jan., and was bur. 6 Feb. 
1737/8, at St. Margaret's afsd. Will pr. 1738. 

XVI. 1723. 7 and i. John (West), Baron de la Warr, only s. 

and h., b. 4 Apr. 1693. On his return from his travels, he 
EARLDOM. was made Standard Bearer to the Band of Gent. Pen- 
sioners (1712-14), and Clerk extraordinary of the Privy 
^701- Council 1712-23; M.P. (Whig) for Grampound 1715-22; 

Guidon and 1st Major, ist troop of Horse Guards 
171 5; Lieut. Col. thereof 17 17; Lieut. Col. ist regt. of Foot Guards 
1730; Col. ist troop Horse Guards 1737-66; Brig. Gen. 1743, serving, as 
such, at the battle of Dettingen, 16 June; Major Gen. 1745; Lieut. Gen. 
1 747, and Gen. of Horse 1765. Verderer of Windsor Park 1 7 1 8. On the 
revival of the order of the Bath, he was nom. K.B. 27 May, and inst. 
25 June 1725; Lord of the Bedchamber T725-27; F.R.S. 19 Dec. 
1728; P.C. 12 June 1 731; Treasurer of the Household June 1731-37; 
Ambassador to Saxe Gotha, Mar. 1736, to conclude the marriage of the 
Prince of Wales with the Princess Augusta, whom he attended into 
England. Gov. of the Levant Co. 1736 till his death; Gov. of New 
York July to Sep. 1737; Gov. of Gravesend and Tilbury Fort 1747-52; 
Gov. of Guernsey 1752-66. On the accession of George III, he was cr., 
18 Mar. 1 76 1, VISCOUNT CANTELUPE and EARL DE LA 
WARR. He ;«., istly, 25 May 1721, secretly, in the country,(*) 
Charlotte, da. of Donogh (MacCarthy), 4th Earl of Clancartv 
[I.], by Elizabeth, da. of Robert (Spencer), 2nd Earl of Sunder- 
land. She d. at Bath, 7, and was bur. 16 Feb. 1734/5, in Westm. Abbey, 
aged 34. Admon. 6 Nov. 1736. He m., 2ndly, 15 June 1744, Anne,('') 
widow of George (Nevill), Lord Abergavenny, da. of Nehemiah Walker, 
" a sea captain," of co. Midx. She d. 26 June 1748, at Balderwood Lodge, 
Hants. He d. 16, and was bur. 22 Mar. 1766, at St. Margaret's, Westm., 
aged 72. Will pr. 1766. 



EARLDOM 
II. 



2 and 8. John (West), Earl de la Warr, 

Viscount Cantelupe, and Baron de la Warr, ist 

(^ _.^ s. and h., by ist wife, b. 1729; entered 3rd regt. 

' ' of Foot Guards 1746; Lieut. Col. ist troop of 

Horse Guards 1755; Col. in the Army 1758; 

A.D.C. to the King 1760-61; styled Viscount 

Cantelupe, 1761-66, Major Gen. 1761; Col. ist 

troop Horse Gren. Guards 1763-66; Col. ist troop of Horse Guards 

1766 till his death, and Lieut. Gen. in the Army 1770. Vice-Chamberlain 

to the Queen Consort 1761-66, and from 1766 her Master of the Horse, 



BARONY 
XVII. 



(*) Hist. MSS. Com., Various MSS., vol. viii, p. 316. V.G. 
('') See vol. i, p. 39, note " b." She is said to have brought her 2nd husband 
;^6o,000 and a considerable real estate." V.G. 



DE LA WARR 



.63 



and from 1768 her Lord Chamberlain till his death. (') He ;;;., 8 Aug. 
1756, Mary (a fortune of /," 10,000), da. of Lieut. Gen. John Wynyar^j. 
He d. in Audley Sq., 22, and was bur. 30 Nov. 1777, at St. Margaret's, 
Westm., aged 48. Will pr. 1777. His widow d'. in her house in Park 
Str., 27 Oct., and was bur. 6 Nov. 1784, at St. Margaret's afsd-C") Will 
pr. Dec. 1784. 



EARLDOM. 
III. 

BARONY. 
XVIIL 



3 and 9. William Alglstus (Wi:st), Karl 
DE LA Warr, i^c, s. and h., b. 27 Apr. 1757, 
styled ViscovnT Cantelupe, 1766-77; ed. at Eton 
1 771; entered the Coldstream Guards 1774, 
becoming Lieut. Col. thereof 1781. He d. unm., 
Jan. 1783, at Nice, in Italy, and wx?. bur. there, 
aged 25. Admon. July 1784. 



EARLDOM. 4 and 10. John Richard (West), Earl dk 

jy LA Warr, &c.^ br. and h., b. 28 July 1758. Ed. 

I ^0 at Eton 1771; Equerry to the Queen Consort 

RA RDM'S' ' '77^"^3i sometime Lieut. 2nd Foot Ciuards; a 

Lord of the Bedchamber 1789-95. A Tory. He 
XIX. ;«., 22 Apr. 1783, at St. James's, \Vestm., 

Catherine, da. and h. of Henry Lyell, of Bourne, 
CO. Cambridge (a member of the House of Nobles in Sweden), by Catherine, 
only child of George Allestrie, of Alvaston, Devon. He d. 28 July 
^19Si ^^ Dawlish, aged exactly 37, and was bur. at Bourne. Admon. 
Aug. 1795, ^""^ J""^ 1848. His widow d. 27 May 1826, at Bath, in her 
70th year, and was bur. at Bourne. Will pr. July 1826. 



EARLDOM. 
V. 



BARONY 
XX. 



1795- 



5 and II. George John (West, afterwards 
Sacrville-West) Earl de la Warr, i^c, only 
s. and h., b. 26 Oct. 1791, in Savile Row, and bap. 
at St. James's, Westm.; j/jy/t";^/ Viscount Cantelupe 
till 1795; ed. at Harrow,(') and at Brasenose Coll. 
Oxford, B.A. 2nd class classics 18 12, M.A. 18 19, 
being cr. LL.D. of Cambridge (Trin. Coll.) 1828, 
[O June 1834. He was a Lord of the Bedchamber 
to George III 1813-20; to George IV 1820-27; P.C. 14 Sep. 1841; Lord 
Chamberlain of the Household 1841-46, and again 1858-59. ('^) Having 
m., 21 June 18 13, at Knole, Kent, Elizabeth, 2nd and yst. sister and coh. 



and D.C.L. of Oxford 



(') In politics he was a supporter of the Court. V.G. 

C*) Gent. Mag. says she was "a remarkable beauty." V.G. 

(') He is the "fair Euryalus" of Lord Byron's Childish RecolU-Ltionr. to him 
also, Byron addressed a poem beginning, "Oh! yes, I will own we were dear to each 
other." 

{^) He was a Tory, but in favour of Catholic Emancipation. V.G. 



i64 DE LA WARR 

of George John Frederick, 4th Duke of Dorset (who d. s.p., 14 Feb. 
1 8 15), da. of John Frederick (Sackville), 3rd Duke of Dorset, by 
Arabella Diana, da. of Sir Charles Cope, Bart., he took by royal lie, 
30 Nov. 1843, '^h^ name oi Sackville before that oi M^est. He d. 23 Feb. 
1869, at Knole Park, in his 78th year. His widow was cr., 27 Apr. 1864, 
BARONESS BUCKHURST OF BUCKHURST, co. Sussex, with a spec, 
(and extraordinary) shifting rem. of that dignity, which see. She, who was 
b. II Aug. 1795, and bap. at Knole afsd., d. 9 Jan. 1870, at 17 Upper 
Grosvenor Str., aged 74. "Will pr. 15 Feb. 1870, under X 18,000. 

[George John Frederick West, afterwards (1843) Sackville-West, 
styled Viscount Cantelupe, ist s. and h. ap., />. 25 Apr. 18 14, and bap. at 
St. Geo., Han. Sq.; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 24 Mar. 1832; sometime 
Lieut, in the Gren. Guards; M.P. (Conservative) for Helston 1837-40, 
for Lewes 1840-41. He d. unm., 25 June 1850, at 17 Upper Grosvenor 
Str., aged 36, and was bit)-, at Withyam, Sussex.] 



EARLDOM 
VL 



BARONY. 
XXL 



6 and 12. Charles Richard (Sackville- 
West), Earl de la Warr, isfc, 2nd but ist 
^ surv. s. and h., b. 13 Nov. 18 15, in Upper 
"■ Grosvenor Str., and bap. at St. Geo., Han. Sq. ; 
ed. at Harrow; entered the army, 43rd Foot, 1833 
(under the surname of West); Lieut. 15th Foot 
1835; Capt. 2 1 St Foot 1842; took the name of 
Sackville before that ot M^est under the royal lie, 30 Nov. 1843, above- 
named; A.D.C. and Mil. Sec. to Lord Gough in India, 1845, fought at the 
battle of Sobraon, 10 Feb. i 846; was j/j/^fd' Lord West, 1850-69; Major 21st 
Foot 1852, serving at the battles of Alma, Balaclava, and Inkermann, and, 
as 2nd Lieut. Col., in command of that regt. at the siege of Sebastopol, 
becoming finally, in 1864, Major Gen. in the Army; C.B. 27 July 1855; 
officer of the Legion of Honour of France 1856; 3rd class Medjidie of 
Turkey 1858; K.C.B. 20 May 1871. Commissioner of Army Purchase 
1871-73. A Conservative.('') He d. unm., 23 Apr. 1873, aged 57, 
having left the Bull Inn, Cambridge, that morning and drowned himself in 
the Cam. Verdict "Temporary Insanity." 



EARLDOM 
VII. 



BARONY 
XXII. 



t873- 



7 and 13. Reginald Windsor (Sackville), 
Earl de la Warr, Cffc, br. and h., b. 21 Feb. 
1 817, in Upper Grosvenor Str., and bap. at St. 
Geo., Han. Sq.; matric. at Oxford (Balliol Coll.) 
16 Dec. 1834, B.A. 1838, M.A. 1840; Rector 
of Withyam, Sussex, 1841-65; Chaplain to the 
Queen 1846-65. Under the royal lie. of 30 Nov. 
1843 abovenamed, he took the name of Sackville before that of fFest. By 

(^) He, however, supported the second reading of the Irish Church DisestabHsh- 
ment Bill in 1869. V.G. 



DE LA WARR 165 

the death of his mother, 9 J.in. 1 8-0, he became BARON BUCKHURST, 
under the spec. rem. in the creation of that dignity, which see. By royal 
lie., 24 Apr. 1871, he took, the name of Stickvi//e only; High Steward of 
Stratford-on-Avon 1871 till his death. In 1873, he sue. to the Earldom 
of De La Warr, ^c, with which the Barony of Buckhurst, in spite of the 
remarkable proviso in the patent of its creation, continues united, (") 
though Knole Park and other ataUs of the Sackville family devolved, in 
consequence of such succession, on his younger brother. See Sackvillk 
Barony, cr. 1876. A Conservative. He w., 7 Feb. 1867, at St. Paul's, 
Knightsbridge, Constance iVIary Elizabeth, ist da. of Alexander Dundas 
Ross (Cochr.-vne-Wishart-Baillie), ist Baron Lamington, by Annabella 
Mary Elizabeth, da. of Andrew Robert Drummond, of Cadlands, Hants. 
He i/. 15 Jan. 1896, at 60 Grosvenor Str., aged 78, and was htr. at 
Withyam. His widow, who was i>. 7 Feb. 1846, m., 12 July 1902, at the 
Savoy Chapel, the Rev. Paul Williams Wyatt, sometime Chaplain of the 
Savoy. She was living 191 5. 

[Lionel Charles Cr.a.nfield Sackville, siy/eJ Viscount Cantellte, 
1st s. and h. ap., ^. i Jan. 1868, at 2 Cromwell Road, South Kensington. 
He m., 24 June 1890, at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, Dorothy, ist da. of 
John Postle Heseltine, of Walhampton Park, Hants. He d. s.p. and v.p., 
about 5 months later, being drowned through the foundering of his yacht 
"Urania" in a storm in Belfast Lough, 7 Nov. 1890, aged 22, and was bur. 
at Boldre Church, Hants, having recently insured his lite for ^40,000. His 
widow m., 28 Feb. 1905, at the Guards' Chapel, Wellington Barracks, 
George Darell Jeffreys, Capt. Gren. Guards. They were living 191 5.] 



EARLDOM. 
VIIL 



BARONY 

xxin. 



8 and 13. Gilbert George Reginald (Sack- 
ville), Earl de la Warr [1761], Viscolnt 
n . Cantelupe [1761], Baron de la Warr [1570 
° ■ or i572],('') and Baron Buckhurst [1864], 2nd 
and only surv. s. and h., b. 22 Mar. 1869, at 17 
Upper Grosvenor Str.; ed. at Charterhouse; 
styled Viscount Cantelupe 1890-96. He fought 
in South Africa 1900, and was wounded at Vryheid.('') In the European 
War, 1 9 14- , he served as Lieut, in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. 
A Unionist. He ?»., istly, 4 Aug. 1891, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Muriel 

{') See vol. ii, p. 385, note " b," sub Buckhurst. 

(*>) "Even \i no patent were granted of the Barony [of Dc La Warr] in 1569/70, 
the present Earl is Baron de la Warr under the writ of summons ot 13 Eliz., he 
being heir general as well as heir male of William West, to whom that writ was 
addressed. If ever it should happen that the heir general is not the heir male of the 
said William, a question of great difficulty will in all probability arise on the succession 
of the Barony." {Courthope). 

(*=) For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who served in this war, sec vol. iii, 
Appendix B. V.G. 



i66 DE LA WARR 

Agnes, 3rd da. of Thomas (Brassey), ist Baron Brassey of Bulkeley, 
by his 1st wife, Anne, da. of John Allnutt. She, who was b. 21 Apr. 
1872, at 20 Park Lane, obtained a decree for restitution of conjugal rights, 
19 Mar. 1902, and a decree nisi, 18 July 1902, for her husband's crim. con. 
with Miss Turner, an actress. He w., 2ndly, 20 Sep. 1903, at the Registry 
Office, St. Geo., Han. Sq., Hilda, 3rd da. of Col. C. Lennox Tredcroft, 
of" Glen Ancrum," Guildford, Surrey. From him she obtained a divorce, 
decree nisi 23 Apr. 19 14, on the ground of desertion and adultery. 

[Herbrand Edmond Dundonald Brassey Sackville, s. and h. ap., 
by 1st wife, b. at Normanhurst, Sussex, 20 June, and bap. 9 Aug. 1900, at 
Withyam, styled Lord Buckhurst.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 17,185 acres in Sussex; 
3,240 in CO. Cambridge and 2,941 in Oxon. Total, i}y2>^6 acres, worth 
£21,606 a year. Bexhill-on-sea has been developed by the family on its 
manor of Bexhill. Principal Residence. — Buckhurst Park, near Tunbridge 
Wells, Sussex. 

DE LA ZOUCHE see ZOUCHE 

DELHI 

See " Lake of Delhi and Laswary and Aston Clinton, Bucks," 
Barony {Lake) cr. 1804; Viscountcy cr. 1807; both extinct 1848. 

DE L'ISLE AND DUDLEY OF PENSHURST 

BARONY. I. Philip Charles Sidney, formerly Shelley-Sidney, 

J jg only s. and h. ap. of Sir John Shelley-Sidney, ist Bart., 

■^^' of Penshurst Place, Kent, by Henrietta, da. of Sir Henry 

Hunloke, 4th Bart., was b. 11 Mar. 1800, and bap. 
9 May 1 801, at St. James's, Westm.; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.) 24 Feb. 1820, under the surname of Sidney only. Capt. in 
1st regt. of Foot Guards; M.P. (Tory) for Eye, 1829-3"^!; K.C.H. 1830; 
Equerry to the King, 1830-35; G.C.H. (civil) 1831; Surveyor Gen. for 
the Duchy of Cornwall, 1833-49; LL.D. Cambridge (Sidney Sussex) 1835. 
On 13 Jan. 1835, he was cr. by the King (his wife's father) BARON DE 
L'ISLE AND DUDLEY (^) OF PENSHURST, co. Kent. A Lord 

(') This mixed title was chosen to commemorate his descent through his paternal 
grandmother. Dame Elizabeth Jane Shelley (born Perry) from the family of Sidney, 
Earls of Leicester and Viscounts L'IsIe, descended from Sir Henry Sidney, who m. 
Mary, da. of John (Dudley), the well-known Duke of Northumberland, and sister of 
Robert (Dudley), Earl of Leicester, the favourite of Queen Elizabeth. As to the 
peerage of " L'Isle," his father, in 1824, had petitioned for the Barony of L'Isle, cr. 
by the writ of summons in 1357, as one of the coheirs thereof through the families of 
Shelley, Perry, Sydney, Dudley, Grey, Talbot, Beauchamp, Berkeley, and L'Isle. 



DE L'ISLE 167 

of the Bedchamber, Jan. to Apr. 1835. On 14 Mar. 1849, he sue. his 
father in the family estates and Baronetcy. He m., 13 Aug. 1825, at her 
father's (then Duke of Clarence) house in Charles Str., Berkeley Sq., Mdix., 
Sophia, 1st sister of George (FitzClarence), ist Earl of Munster, and 
illegit. da. of William IV, by Mrs. Jordan. She, who was i>. Aug. 1 796, (*) 
was raised to the rank of the da. of a Marquess by (her father's) royal 
warrant, 24 May 1831. She J. in Kensington Palace, having recently been 
appointed "housekeeper" thereof, 10, and was /;ur. 18 Apr. 1837, at Pens- 
hurst. He d. at Penshurst, 4 Mar. 1851, aged nearly 51. 

II. 1851. 2. Philip (Sidney), Baron de L'Isle and Dudley 

OF Penshurst, ist s. and h., l>. 29 Jan. 1828, in Bolton 
Str., Piccadilly, and l^ap. at Hampton, Midx. ; ed. at Eton ; sometime an officer 
in the Royal Horse Guards. A Conservative. C*) He tn., istly, 23 Apr. 
1850, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Mary, only da. and h. of Sir William Foulis, 
8th Bart., of Ingleby Manor, co. York, by Mary Jane, 2nd da. of Gen. Sir 
Charles Ross, 6th Bart. [S.], of Balnagowan, co. Ross. She, who was /). 
19 May 1826, at York, J. suddenly, 14 June 1891, at 8 Lennox Gardens, 
Chelsea. He, on his marriage, assumed the additional name of Fou/is after 
that of Si.lmy by royal lie, 6 June 1850, under the will of the said Sir 
W. Foulis, but relinquished it again. He /«., 2ndly, 25 Jan. 1893, ^^ 
St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., Emily Frances, ist da. of William Fermor Ramsay, 
of Croughton Park, Northants, by Emily Susan, 4th and yst da. of the 
Rev. Robert Tredcroft, Prebendary of Chichester. He J. of bronchitis, 
at Wellington Court, Knightsbridge, 17, and was bur. 22 F"eb. 1898, at 
Penshurst, aged 70.(^) His widow »;., 21 Feb. 1903, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Sir Walter George Stirling, 3rd Bart. [1800], of Faskine, co. Lanark, 
whom she divorced in 1909. She was living 191 5. 

III. 1898. 3. Philip (Sidney), Baron de L'Isle and Dudley 

[1835], is'^ ^- ^"<^ h- '^y ^^'^ ■^'^'^J ^- H May 1853, in 
Portland Place; sometime Capt. in the Rifle Brigade. A Conservative. 

The claim was, however, not successful (see fuller account under that dignity), though 
had the claimant been seized of the manor of Kingston L'Isle, he was undoubtedly heir 
of the body to John Talbot, cr. 26 July 14+4 Baron L'Isle of Kingston L'Isle, co. 
Berks, with rem. to his hc'in heing tenants of that manor. The grantee of 1 835 
probably was deterred from choosing the title of "Z.'/i//'" by the existence, in the 
family of Lysaght, of the Irish Barony of '■'^ Lisle of Mountnorth," granted in 1758, 
and the prefix " de " was, also, quite in accordance with the taste for the modern 
antique which prevailed in the 19th century. See an article on " the prefix De " in 
the Her. and Gen., vol. i, pp. 138-158; and see also vol. vi of the present work, 
Appendix H. 

(*) She is "said to ha\e been the favourite daughter of her royal father, and [to 
have] occasionally acted as his amanuensis." [Annual Register for 1837). 

C") He voted for the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, having 
opposed it in 1868. V.G. 

If) He was one of the numerous peers who have been directors of public companies, 
for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v. Appendix C. V.G. 



i68 DE L'ISLE 

He ;«., 12 June 1902, at St. Mark's, North Audley Str., Elizabeth Maria, 
widow of William Harvey Astell, D.L., of Woodbury Hall, Beds, and 4th 
da. of Standish Prendergast (Vereker), 4th Viscount Gort, by Caroline 
Harriet, 3rd da. of Henry Hall (Gage), 4th Viscount Gage. She was b. 
26 Dec. 1861. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 4,356 acres in Kent and 
4,896 in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Total, 9,252 acres, worth j/^ 10,232 
a year. Principal Residence. — Penshurst Place, near Tonbridge, Kent. 



DE LONGUEVILLE 

VISCOL'NTCY. I. Henry (Yelverton), Lord Grey (of Ruthin), who 
in 1679 had sue. his br. Charles in that dignity, was, 

I. 1690. ^j ^p^ jg^Q^ ^^ VISCOUNT DE LONGUEVILLE. 

He d. 24 Mar. 1703/4. See fuller particulars under 
Grey (of Ruthin). 

II. 1704. 2. Talbot (Yelverton), Viscount de Longueville, 

s. and h., was (as Viscount de Longueville) cr. 26 Sep. 
1 7 1 7, Earl of Sussex. See that dignity, extinct together with this VIscountcy, 
1799. 

DELORAIN 

EARLDOM [S.] i. Lord Henry Scott, 3rd but 2nd surv. s. of 
Y j_Qg James, Duke OF Monmouth, by Anne, ^OTy«ri? Duchess 

OF Buccleuch [S.], was i'. 1676. On 29 Mar. 1706, he 
was cr.(f) EARL OF DELORAIN, VISCOUNT OF HERMITAGE 
and LORD GOLDIELANDS [S.], probably in reward for his support of 
the Union [S.]. He was in command of a regt. of Foot in 1 707, was Col. 
of the 2nd troop of Horse Gren. Guards, 171 5-1 7; Col. of the i6th Foot, 
1724-30; Col. of the 7th regt. of Horse (now, 1915, the 6th Dragoon 
Guards), July to Dec. 1730; Brig. Gen. 1710, Major Gen. in the Army, 
1727. Rep. Peer [S.], 1715-30; a Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince 
of Wales, 1718-27; K.B., on the revival of that order, 27 May 1725; Gent, 
of the Bedchamber to George I, 1727-30. He w., istly, in 1693, Anne, da. 
and h. of W'illiam Duncombe, of Battlesden, Beds, one of the Lord Justices 
of Ireland. She d. 22, and was bur. 26 Oct. 1720, in Oxfordshire. He m., 
2ndly, 14 Mar. 1726, Mary, da. of Charles Howard (s. of Col. the Hon. 
Philip Howard, 7th s. of Thomas, ist Earl of Berkshire), by Ehzabeth, 
da. of Edward Batten, of Portsmouth. He d. suddenly, 25 Dec. 1 730, in 

if) The patent is given in full in Fraser's Scotts of Buccleuch, vol. ii, p. 324, 
where, also, are letters from his mother, complaining of his conduct, stating that she 
had given him ;{;24,ooo, besides ;^4,ooo, for building and furnishing his house at 
Leadwell. In her will, dat. 16 Mar. 1722/3, she accordingly leaves him but ^^5. 



DELORAIN 169 

his 55th year, and was bur. at Lidwell, in Sandford St. Martin, Oxon.(') 
Will pr. 4 Feb. i 730/1. His widow «;., Apr. 1734, William Wyndham, 
of Ersham, Nortolk. She, who was b. 1700, at Winchester, was Governess 
to the Princesses Mary and Louisa, and d. in London, 12 Nov. 1744, and 
was bur. at Windsor, aged 44.('') Will, signed " Mary de Loraine," dat. 
6 and pr. 19 Nov. 1744. 

n. 1730. 2. Francis (Scott), Earl OF Delorain, yc. [S.], 1st 

s. and h., by ist wife, b. 5 Oct., and bctp. 3 Nov. 17 10, 
at St. James's, Westm.; ^/j/tf^/ Viscount Hermitage 1710-30; sometime a 
Cornet of Horse. He ;«., istly, 29 Oct. 1732, Mary, widow of Thomas 
Heardson, of Claythorpe, da. of Matthew Lister, of Burwell, co. Lincoln, 
by Sarah, his wife. She, who was bap. 4 Nov. 1704, at Burwell, d. i 6 June 
1737, aged 32, and was bur. in Lincoln Cathedral. M.L He w., 2ndly, 
6 July 1737, at Cockerington, Mary, ist da. of Gervase Scrope, of 
Cockerington, co. Lincoln, by Elizabeth, da. of Richard Creswell, of 
Sudbury, Salop. He d. s.p.., at Bath, 1 1 May 1739, in his 29th year, and was 
bur. at Lincoln. M.L Will pr. 1739. His widow, who was b. 15 June 
1713,^. Thomas Vivian, of Lincoln, who (/. 2 Aug. 1770. She ^/. 11 Mar. 
1767, at Lincoln, and was bur. at St. Mary Magd. there, aged ^"i^. 

in. 1739. 3. Henry (Scott), Earl of Delorain, «yc. [S.], br. 

of the whole blood and h., b. 11 Feb. 1712; Capt. R.N.; 
was in command of " the Seaforth " in the Mediterranean, 1739. He m. 
Elizabeth, da. of John Fenwick.. He d. (in his carriage) at Acton, Midx., 
31 Jan. 1739/40, of consumption, in his 28th year. Will pr. 1740. His 
widow survived him 54 years, and d. 5 June 1794, in Upper Brook Str., 
Midx. Will pr. June 1794. 

(^) His manners were so good, that Dr. Young (author of J<!ight Thoughts) thus 
refers to them, '■'■Stanhope in wit, in breeding Delorain.'" G.E.C. In politics he was 
a Whig, but a personal friend of the Prince of Wales (George II), and during the 
latter's quarrel with his father he for a time voted with the Tories against the 
Government. He came back to the Court, and was rewarded with a Colonelcy and 
the Order of the Bath. V.G. 

C") In Lord Hervey's Memoirs (vol. ii, p. 36) she is called "very handsome," 
and it is added that Walpole said of her, " very dangerous, a weak head, a pretty 
face, a lying tongue, and a false heart, making always sad work." In the Dulce of 
Manchester's Court and Society, vol. ii, p. 330, the Countess of Delorain is baldly 
called "the King's [George II] concubine," and a story is told of her being said to 
have poisoned one Mary McKenzie from jealousy. This must be the Lady Delorain 
referred to, as she is the only one who was about the Court. John Lord Hervey writes: 
" For your card play at nights we too shall remain 
With 'virtuous and solier and uuise Delorain," 
the italics obviously implying the absence of those good qualities. A note in 
IValpole (ed. Cunningham, vol. i, p. 207), where these lines are quoted, states that 
the reference is to this lady. V.G. 



I70 DELORAIN 

IV. 1740 4. Henry (Scott), Earl of Delorain, Viscount 

to Hermitage and Lord Goldielands [S.], ist s. and h., b. 

1807. 8 Feb. 1737, j/r/^^ Viscount Hermitage, 1739-40. He 

m., 16 Nov. 1763, at St Anne's, Soho, Frances, widow ot 

the Hon. Henry Knight, da. of Thomas Heath, of Stanstead, Essex. 

She, from whom he had long been separated, d. in a convent in France 

1782, about Feb. He d.s.p.^'m Charlotte Str., Marylebone, 10 Sep. 1807, 

in his 71st year, when all his honours became extinct.^') 

DELVINC') 

Observations. — The origin of this Peerage is obscure. Its possessor in 
1489 was one of the 11 Barons [I.] then (with 2 Earls) present at 
Henry VII's Court at Greenwich. He was placed 6th among the Barons 
on that occasion. 



By his charter, Hugh de Lacy (who ^.25 July 11 86) gave " Gilberto 
de Nugent et heredibus suis Delvin totam quam in tempore Hiberni- 
corum tenuerunt Ofinilani cum omnibus pertinenciis et villis que infra 
predictam Delvin continentur excepta quedam villa abbatis de Foure 
nomine Torrochelach pro servicio quinque militum infra terram meam de 
Midia taciendo."('^) Gilbert gave " omnes conquestos et tenementa mea 
videlicet baroniam de Delvin, <yc.," to his br., Richard de Capella de 
Nogent.('^) In 1207-8 Haket de Nugent gave 60 marks for a writ of 
mart d\incestor concerning 3 knights' fees late of Gilbert de Nugent, his 
br., in Dublin, Delvin, ^'c, which Richard de Capella then held.('^) The 
commencement of the pedigree is as follows :(') 

r — \ i 

Gilbert de Nugent, the=. . . . Richard de^. . . . Haket de=. . . . 
grantee of Delvin. Capella. Nugent. I 

i 

William de=Emm£ 
Nugent. Simon de Lacy, 



Hugh. Adam. William de=Emma, sister of 



(*) In early life he was one of the leaders of fashion, and dissipated a fine estate. 
He and Miss Holland appear in 1770, as "Lord D. . re and Miss H. . II . .d," in the 
notorious tete-a-tete portraits in Toivn and Country Mag., vol. ii, p. 625, for an 
account of which see Appendix B in tiic last volume of this work. 

C^) This article, down to the year 1478, is by G. W. Watson. For some obser- 
vations on early Irish peerages, and for a table of the ranking of the peers at various 
dates, see vol. i, Appendix A. V.G. 

(=) Archdall's Lodge, vol. i, pp. 215, 216. 

(d) Fine Roll, 9 Job., m. II. 

(«) Cartulary of 'St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin, vol. i, pp. 77, 78, 1 05: Patent Roll, 
8 Job., .,. 3d. • " 



DELVIN 171 



The descent of" the barony is obscure. According to Lodge, the grantee 
had two other brothers, Christopher of Balrath, and John of Brackloone: 
Christopher's successor being J/mericus, living 38 Hen. Ill, father of 
Robert, living 31 Edw. I, father of Hugh, living 7 Edw. 11, father of 
Richard [sic], father of William, who m. Katherine, da. or sister of John 
Fitzjohns, Baron of Delvin, the descendant of one "Johns or Jones," 
who 7)/. the da. and h. of Richard ^^ Capella abovenamed. As to the 
family of Fitzjohn nothing further is said-C) It is, however, possible that 
Richard htz John, of Moylagh and Ardmulchan, co. Meath, a tenant of 
the Mortimers, who d. before i 8 Nov. 1324, and whose witiow, Eglentine 
(who m., 2ndly, William dc Londoun), was living 8 Apr. I348,('') was 
father or grandfather of John Fitzjohn mentioned below. 



John FitzJohn, Baron of Delvin, co. Westmeath. It was 
ordered, 15 Feb. 1371/2, that he (or, less probably, his son of the same 
name) should be sum. to a Great Council to be held at Dublin, 25 Feb. 
following. (") He is styled in the writ baronem de Delvyn. There is no 
writ summoning him to Pari. [I.] enrolled on any of the Chancery Rolls 
now extant. C^) 



(') Lodge, ut supra. 

(b) Close Rolls [I.], 18 Edw. II, d, no. 146: Patent Rolls, lO Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 3; 
21 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 18; 22 Edw. Ill, p. I, >n. 10. 

{^) " Magnum Consilium apud Dublin' tenendum die Mercurii proximo post 
festum Cathedre Sancti Petri proximo futurum." {Close Roll [I.], 46 Edw. Ill, d, 
nos. 110-118). This Council has been represented to have been a Pari. In 1800 
John Nugent petitioned for a writ of summons as Baron of Delvin [I.]. His 
petition, after reference, was reported on, 3 Nov. 1800, by the chief Law 
Officers [I.], who were of opinion " that John Fitzjohn sat and voted in Pari, in 
46 Edw. Ill in pursuance of the said writ of summons, as Baron of Delvin, and 
thereby became and was seized in fee of the said Barony." There is no evidence for 
the sitting and voting, and indeed only a presumption for the summoning: for the 
writ enrolled is not to John Fitzjohn, but to the SheriflF of the cross, or to the 
Seneschal of the liberty, of Meath (the persons to be summoned by each of these 
officials arc placed in one list in the enrolment) ad premuniendum 'Johannem Fitxjohan 
baronem de Delv\n and some 35 others. All the laymen attending this Council, 
except the two Earls, were thus summoned by the various sheriffs, cfc. Those so 
sum. consisted of one dominus, one baro, 10 milites, one generosus, and over 70 others 
without any title. For the Parliaments [I.] of 1374/5, 1377/8, 1380, and 1382, the 
writs were directed to those ordered to attend. 

C*) A Thomas fitz John kt. was sum. to the four Parliaments just named, 
and in the report mentioned above it is stated that " the presumption is that John was 
sue. by [this] Thomas, although Thomas is not in any of them \i.e. the writs] called 
Baron of Delvin." There are, of course, no grounds for any such presumption. 
Thomas fitz John kt. occurs (co. Waterford) in Apr. 1390 with his sons Thomas and 
John [Patent Roll [I.], 13 Ric. II, d, no. 229), and was most probably a Geraldine. 



72 DELVIN 



John FitzJohn, Baron of Delvin, s. and h. He d. s.p., 25 July 
1382.0 

William Nugent, s. of Nicholas Nugent, having m. Katherine, 
sister and h. of John FitzJohn next abovenamed, had, with his said 
wife, livery of the manor of Delvin, 27 Sep. 1385.0 He is styled, in 
the Chancery Rolls [I.], JVUlelmus filius Nicholai Nugent, i Mar. 1385/6,0 
IVillelmus filius Nicholai Nugent baro de Delvyn, 19 Aug. 1388 and 5 Jan. 
1394/5,0 ^"d afterwards, IVillelmus Nugent miles baro de Delvyn. 
Appointed Sheriff of Meath during the King's pleasure, 10 Nov. 1401; 
for a year, 20 Nov. following (he was then a knight); and during the 
King's pleasure, 2i Nov. 1402 and 14 Apr. 1405. Appointed a 
justice of assize, 14 Feb. 141 1/2. He d. before 3 Mar. 142 1/2. His 
wife d. before 6 Sep. 1406. 

Richard Nugent, Baron of Delvin, s. and h. He is styled 
Ricardus filius JVillelmi Nugent films et heres Katerine fitz John, 6 Sep. 
1406.0 He occurs in the Chancery Rolls [I.] as Ricardus Nugent 
(latterly miles) baro de Delvyn, 3 Mar. 142 1/2 to 19 Mar. i435/6.('') 
Seneschal of the liberty of Meath, Aug. 1423. ('^) Sheriff of Meath, 
1428. C^) Deputy to the Lieut, of Ireland, 1448/9. (^) He w. Katherine 
or Julian, sister and h. of Nicholas Drak-e, of Carlanstown, co. Westmeath, 
and da. of Thomas Drake, of the same. He d. in 1475.0 



(^) The King to Thomas de Clyfford kt., escheator in Ireland. As we learn by 
inquisition taken that John, son of John FitzJohn, late baron {baro) of Delvin, held 
in his demesne as of fee the manor of Delvin of Roger, s. and h. of Edmund de 
Mortimer late Earl of March, under age and in the King's custody, as of his manor 
of Trim by the service of £^ of royal service when scutage runs, " quodque idem 
Johannes obiit in festo sancti Jacobi Apostoli anno regni nostri sexto et quod Katerina 
filia Johannis fitz John nuper baronis de Delvyn est soror et heres dicti Johannis 
filii Johannis et plene etatis et maritata Willelmo filio Nicholai Nugent diu ante 
mortem dicti Johannis filii Johannis," we command you to give the said William 
and Katherine full seizin of the premises: dated at Trim, 27 Sep. {Close Roll [I.], 
9 Ric. II, no. 16). It should be noticed that the manor of Delvin was not held of 
the King in chief. The overlordship had descended from Lacy to Joinville, and from 
Joinville to Mortimer. 

(b) Patent Rolls [I.], 9 Ric. II, no. 107; 12 Ric. II, no. 43: Close Roll [I.], 18 
Ric. II, no. 14. He was probably so styled to distinguish him from a contemporary 
" William son of Geoffrey Nugent," who is mentioned in the Patent Roll [I.], 
12 Ric. II, no. 220. In spite of this, the pedigrees of Nugent agree in stating that 
William, baron of Delvin, was son of a Richard Nugent. 

("=) Patent Rolls [I.], 3 Hen. IV, no. 33; 4 Hen. IV, />. I, no. 10, p. 3, no. 82; 
6 Hen. IV, />. 2, no. 2; 13 Hen. IV, d, no. 107. 

(<J) Idem, 7 Hen. IV, p. I, no. 4; 9 Hen. V, no. 75; I Hen. VI, d, no. 118; 
Close Roll [I.j, 6 Hen. VI, no. 35; 14 Hen. VI, p. 2, d, no. 29. 

(') Statute Rolls of the Pari, of Ireland, vol. ii, p. ill. 

(*) Annals of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 257. 



DELVIN 



73 



Christopher Nlge\t, Baron of Delvin, gnuuisoii and h., being 
s. and h. of James Nugent, by Elizabeth, 3rd da. and coh. of Sir 
Robert Holywode, of Holywood and Artaine, co. Dublin, <3'c.,{') 
which James was s. and h. ap. of the last Baron, but d. v. p. in I458.('') 
He is said to have m. Elizabeth (or Anne), da. of Sir Robert Preston, 
of Gormanston, that is, of Robert, ist Viscount Gormansion [I.]. He 
d. in 1478, of the plague. (") 



I. 1478. I. Richard (Nugent), Baron Delvin [I.], s. and h., 

sum. to Pari. [I.] i486, 1490, and 1493. He had a 
general pardon 25 May 1488, together with 6 other Irish Lords, probably 
in connection with Lambert Simnel's conspiracy; was one of the 15 Irish 
Peers sum. in 1489, by Henry VII to England. ('^) In 1496, he was Com- 
mander in Chief of the forces for the defence of Ireland, and distinguished 
himself at the battle of Knockdoe {i.e. Hill of Slaughter), co. Galway, 
19 Aug. 1504. Member of the Council [I.] in and before 1522, and 
Vice Deputy [I.], 1527-28. He was taken prisoner by the O'Connor "at 
a parley" May 1528. He w.^) Isabel, da. of Thomas FitzGerald 
(2nd s. of Gerald, Earl of Kildare [I.]). He d. early in Feb. 1537/8,0 
at a great age, and was bur. in the church of Castleton Delvin. Inq. at 
Trim, 2 Apr. 1538. 



II. 1538. 2. Richard (Nugent), Baron Delvin [I.], grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of Christopher N., by Marian, yst. 
da. of Nicholas (St. Lawrence), Lord Howth [I.], which Christopher was 
1st s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, but d. v.p. He was aged 14 in 1537. 
In 1545 he had livery of his lands. He distinguished himself in his 
wars against the rebel Irish, particularly, in 1557, against McDonnell.(*) 



(^) Close Roll [I.], 19 Hen. VI, no. 16. Sir Robert Holywode d. before 12 Sep. 
1430, leaving 3 daughters his coheirs: (i) Margaret, who w., before 21 Dec. 1440, 
Robert Burnell: (2) Alianore: and (3) Elizabeth, as in the text. [Idem, no. 13: Patent 
Roll [I.], 10 Hen. VI, nos. 55, 70). Elizabeth is erroneously stated in the genea- 
logies of Nugent to have been the eldest da. 

C") Annals of Loch Ci, vol. ii, p. 165, where he is called Baron of Dealbhna. 

{") Idem, p. 179 ; Annals of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 263. 

{^) See the names of these in vol. i, Appendix A. 

(') According to Lodge, he m. Elizabeth, da. of Lord Howth [I.]. 

(') Sentleger writes from Dublin to Wriothesley 10 Feb. announcing his death. 
In the Annals of Loch Ce, vol. ii, p. 311, he is erroneously called "son of Christopher, 
son of Thomas." V.G. 

(8) The Lord Deputy Sussex writes of him to the Queen, 25 Mar. 1558, that 
" his wytte and habylyte to serve is right good." V.G. 



174 DELVIN 

He m. Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Nangle, styled Baron of Navan, 
I St da. of Jenico (Preston), 3rd Viscount Gormanston [I.], by his ist wife, 
Catherine, da. of Gerald (FitzGerald), Earl of Kildare [I.]. He d. 
23 Nov. 1559, having, in his will, directed that he should be bur. with his 
grandfather.('') 



III. 1559. 3. Christopher (Nugent), Baron Dei-vin [I.], s. and 

h., came of age in 1565, before 22 Nov. Matric. at 
Cambridge (Clare Hall) 12 May 1563. Knighted in 1565. In 1567 he 
obtained a royal commission to extirpate the tribe of O'More, but in 1574 
was in bad odour with the Government for refusing to sign the proclama- 
tion against the rebel Earl of Desmond, and in i 575 was reported by the 
Lord Deputy as having been " restrained." His integrity being suspected, 
he was committed a prisoner to the Tower of London in Dec. 1 58o.('') He 
was released and sat in the Pari, of I585.(') On 7 May 1597, he received 
a crown rent of ;{[ioo a year, but the warrant was not executed. He 
m., in or before I582,('') Mary, da. of Gerald (FitzGerald), Earl of 
Kildare [I.], by Mabel, sister to Anthony, ist Viscount Montagu, da. 
of Sir Anthony Browne. He d. " of an impostumacon," a prisoner at 
Dublin Castle, i, and was bur. 5 Oct. 1602, at Castleton Delvin. Will dat. 
5 May 1602, pr. 4 July 1603, Prerog. Ct. [I.]. His widow, who was b. 
13 Sep. 1556, d. I Oct. 1610, and was bur. with him. Will pr. 161 1. 



IV. 1602. 4. Richard (Nugent), Baron Delvin [I.], 

s. and h. On 4 Sep. 1621 he was cr. EARL 
OF WESTMEATH [I.]. He ^. 1641. 



^ — > f^ 

2 H R 



V. 1641. 5. Richard (Nugent), Earl of Westmeath 

and Baron Delvin [I.], grandson and h., being 
s. and h. of Christopher Nugent, styled Lord Delvin, who d. v.p. 
in 1625. He d. 1684. 

(*) He is by some said to have died 10 Dec. 1559, but it is shewn in Lett en and 
Papers [I.], 1509-73, p. 157, that he was dead on 8 Dec. 1559. ^.G. 

C') On 26 July 1580 he wrote from Naas to the Irish Chancellor protesting his 
loyalty. His " obstinate affection to Popery " is mentioned in a letter of Lord 
Deputy Grey, 22 Dec. 1580. He was under examination in 1582, matters being 
"very dark against him." V.G. 

(') In a letter to Burghley, 6 Sep. 1591, he mentions his favourite occupation, 
in the style of Whoi IVho, as being " books and building." V.G. 

(*) In this year interrogatories were being ministered to the Baroness Delvin 
while Lord Delvin was under examination. [State Papers [I.], 1574-85, p. 382). 
It would appear, therefore, that they were married earlier than 1584, the date given 
in the 1st edition of Complete Peerage, or else that Mary was a 2nd wife. V.G. 



DELVIN 

VI. 1684. 6. Richard (Nugent), Earl OF Westmeath 

and Baron Delvin [I.], grandson and h., being 
s. and h. of Christopher Nugent, styled Lord Delvin, who d. v.p. 
He d. unm., Apr. 17 14. 

VII. 1714. 7. Thomas (Nugent), Earl OF Westmeath 

and Baron Delvin [I.], br. and h. He d. s.p.m.s., 
30 June I752,(^) and was sue. by his br. and h. male in the Earl- 
dom ot Westmeath [I.] and (considering the nature of the ancient 
Irish Baronies) doubtless in the Barony of Delvin [I.] also; see 
Westmeath, Earldom of [I.], a: 1621. 






o 

W5 



DE MAULEY OF CANFORD 

BARONY. I. William Francis Spencer PoNsoNBY, of Canford 

■. n „ House, Dorset, 3rd s. of Frederick (Ponsonby), 3rd 

■^ ■ Earl of Bessborough [I.], by Henrietta Frances, da. of 

John (Spencer), ist Earl Spencer, was b. in Cavendish 
Sq., 31 July, and bap. 31 Aug. 1787, at St. Marylebone, Midx.; M.P. 
(Whig) for Poole, 1 826-3 1,('') for Knaresborough June to Dec. 1832, and 
for Dorset 1832-37; F.R.S. 2 Feb. 1832. His wife being a coh.("=) to 
the Barony of Mauley, which is held to have been cr. by writ in 1295, he 
was, 10 July i838,C») cr. BARON DE IVIAULEY(^) OF CANFORD, 
CO. Dorset. He m., 8 Aug. 18 14, at St. Marylebone afsd., Barbara, da. 
and h. of Anthony (Ashley-Cooper), 5th Earl of Shaftesbury, by 



(*) Of his eleven children, all d. before him, though two of his daughters had 
married and had issue, viz. (i) Mary, m., 1705, Francis (Bermingliam), Lord 
Athenry [I.], and d. July 1725, leaving issue Thomas, her s. and h., cr. Earl of 
Louth [I.] in 1759, who d. s.p.m.s., 1799; see Athenry. (2) Catherine, m. Andrew 
Nugent, of Dysart, co. Westmeath, and d. 7 Oct. 1756, leaving issue Lavalin 
Nugent, of Dysart and TuUangham, her s. and h., l>. 1722. For claims made to 
this Barony see vol. vii. Appendix H. 

C") When he resigned his seat to contest Dorset against Lord Ashley, by 
whom he was defeated. V.G. 

if) Through the families of Ashley-Cooper, Webb, Salvaine, and Maulc)-. 

C^) This is one of the eleven peerages conferred at the Coronation of Queen 
Victoria. See vol. ii, Appendix F. 

(') It was not till the reign of George IV that the " fashion proceeded from 
reviving old names and titles to inventing some that were entirely new but formed on 
the antique pattern, like a modern Gothic castle." In 1826, Sir John Fleming 
Leicester was cr. " Lord de Tabley of Tabley House, a tautologous designation that 
was sufficiently unmeaning;" in 1838, Mr. Ponsonby was cr. "Baron de Mauley oj 
Canford," in allusion to an ancient Barony of which the owners, had they continued, 
would have been called Mau!e\; not de Mauley." See an article on "Surnames 
with the prefix De" in Her. and Gen., vol. i, pp. 138-158, and see also vol. vi 
of the present work. Appendix A. 



176 DE MAULEY 

Barbara, da. and h. of Sir John Webb, 5th Bart., of Odstock, Wilts. She, 
who was b. 19 Oct. 1788, d. 5 June 1844, in Albemarle Str., aged 55, and 
was bur. at Canford.(*) Will dat. 1 2 Aug. 1 839, pr. 1 845. He ^. at 2 1 St. 
James's Place, Westm., 16, and was bur. 23 May 1855, at Hatherop, co. 
Gloucester, aged 67.^') Will dat. 8 Jan. 1855, pr. 14 July 1855. 

II. 1855. 2. Charles Frederick. Ashley Cooper (Ponsonby), 

Baron de Mauley of Canford, ist s. and h., b. 12 Sep. 
1815, in Geo. Str., Han. Sq., and bap. at St. Marylebone; ed. at Eton; M.P. 
(Liberal) for Poole, 1837-47, and for Dungarvan, 185 1-52. ("=) He w., 
9 Aug. 1838, at All Souls, Marylebone, Maria Jane Elizabeth, 4th da. of 
his maternal uncle, John William (Ponsonby), 4th Earl of Bessborough 
[I.], by Maria, da. of John (Fane), loth Earl of Westmorland. He d. 
suddenly, at the Knapp, Inchture, near Dundee, 24, and was i'/yr. 29 Aug. 1896, 
at Little Faringdon, Oxon, aged 80. Will dat. 8 Dec. 1 890, pr. 26 Jan. 1897, 
at /,'i,076. His widow, who was b. 14 Mar. 1819,^. 13 Sep. 1897,31 
Langford House, near Lechlade, and was bur. with him, aged 78. Will 
dat. 13 Apr., pr. 3 Nov. 1897. 

III. 1896. 3. William Ashley Webb (Ponsonby), Baron de 

Mauley of Canford [1838], ist s. and h., b. 1 Mar. 1843, 
in Geo. Str., Han. Sq.; sometime Lieut. Rifle Brigade; A.D.C. to the Gov. 
Gen. of Canada. A Liberal Unionist. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 2,457 acres in Somerset 
(worth ;£7,433 a year) and 1,255 '" Oxon. Total, 3,712 acres, worth 
2^9,334 a year. Principal Residence. — Langford House, near Lechlade. Note. 
The Dorset estate was sold by the ist Baron, and the Somerset property 
has also since been disposed of. The lands in Oxon still belong (19 15) to 
the 3rd Baron, but there is no mansion thereon. 



DE MONTALT OF HAWARDEN and DE 
MONTALT OF DUNDRUM 

BARONY [I.] I. Thomas Maude, 4th but ist surv. s. and h. of Sir 

Robert Maude, Bart. [I.] (so cr. 9 May 1705), of 

1. 1776 Dundrum, co. Tipperary, by Eleanor, da. and h. of 

to Francis Cornwallis, of Albermarles, co. Carmarthen, was 

1777. b. about 1727; sue. his father 4 Aug. 1750; M.P. for co. 

Tipperary, 1761-76; Sheriff of that co. 1765; P.C. [I.] 

(*) The 2ncl Lord Alvanley called her "as stupid as a post." V.G. 
('') " A cultivated man and a perfect gentleman." Sir Henry Drummond Wolff 
writes of his having "even more than the usual kindly nature of his family." V.G. 
("=) He separated from his party, remaining a Unionist in 1886. V.G. 



DE MONTALT 177 

9 June 1768; a Gov. of Tipperary 1770. He was cr., 18 July 1776,0 
BARON DE MONTALT (") OF HAWARDEN, co. Tipperary [1.], 
but never took his seat in the House of Lords. He d. unm., 17 May 
1777, when his Peerage became extinct,hut the Baronetcy and estates devolved 
as under. (■=) 



.-^ X 



U. 1785. I. Sir CoRNWALLis Maude, 3rd Bart. [I.], yst. 

and only surv. br. and h. of the above, Lip. 
19 Sep. 1729; sue. to the family estates and Baronetcy [L] in 1777. 
He was, on 29 June 1785, cr. BARON DE MONTALT OF 
HAWARDEN, co. Tipperary [L], and on 10 June 1791, 
VISCOUNT HAWARDEN of Hawarden, co. Tipperary [1.]. He 
J. 23 Aug. 1803. 



in. 1803. 2. Thomas Ralph (Maude), Viscount Ha- 

warden and Baron de Montalt of Hawarden 
[I.], s. and h., b. 16 Apr. 1767. He ^. i.p., 26 Feb. 1807. 



IV. 1807. 3. Cornwallis (Maude), Viscount Hawar- 

den and Baron de Montalt of Hawarden [I.], 
br. and h., h. 28 Mar. 1780. He d. 12 Oct. 1856. 



V. 1856. 4 and I. Cornwallis (Maude), Viscount 

Hawarden and Baron de Montalt of Hawar- 
EARLDOM. den [I.], only s. and h., k 4 Apr. 1 8 1 7 ; Rep. Peer 
T fifi/; [I.], 1862. He was fr., 9 Sep. 1886, EARL DE 

1. i»»o. MONTALT OF DUNDRUM, co. Tipperary. 

He d. s.p.m.s., 9 Jan. 1905, when the Earldom 
became extinct. See Hawarden, Viscountcy [I.], cr. 1791, under 
the 4th Viscount. 



(^) For the profuse creations and promotions in the Irish Peerage at this time 
see vol. iii, Appendix H. 

C") Mold (of which Montalt is a latinized form) is the name of a hill in Flintshire, 
from which, also, the family of Montalt, Lords of Hawarden Castle (one of wliom is 
said to have been one of the Barons of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester in 1070), 
derived their name. Montalt, Monhault, and Maude, are all forms of the same name. 

{') Sir John Blaquiere writes of him in 1775, "He supports pretty steadily, but 
upon two occasions, last session, opposed, and affected independence, but seeing his 
seat in the Council and Peerage in danger, returned to Government." V.G. 

23 



178 



DENBIGH 

DENBIGH 



BARONY. Sir Robert Dudley, K.G., b. 7 Sep. 1534, was on 

28 Sep. 1564, cr. BARON OF DENBIGH, with rem. to 
the heirs of his body, and on the following day was cr. 
EARL OF LEICESTER, with the usual limitation. See 
fuller particulars under that dignity. He d. s.p. legil., 
4 Sep. 1588, when all his honours became extinct.(^) 



I. 1564 
to 



EARLDOM. I. William Feilding,('^) s. and h. of Basil F., of 

T ifi'21 Newnham Paddox in Monk's Kirby, co. Warwick, by 

Elizabeth, da. of Sir Walter Aston, of Tixall, co. Staf- 
ford, was b. about 1582; ed. at Emman. Coll., Cambridge; 
knighted 4 Mar. 1606/7, at Whitehall. (<=) On 30 Dec. 1620, he was 
cr. BARON OF NEWNHAM PADDOCKES, co. Warwick, and 
VISCOUNT FEILDING,0 and on 14 Sep. 1622, EARL OF 
DENBIGH. C') He was Master of the Great Wardrobe from 1622, having 
been Deputy Master since 1619; was one of the attendants on the Prince 
of Wales at the Spanish Court in 1623; was cr. M.A. of Cambridge 3 Mar. 
1627; was an Admiral in several expeditions; a volunteer in Prince Rupert's 
horse, 1642. He ;«., about 1607 (cont. dat. 1606), Susan, only sister of the 
whole blood of George, afterwards (1623-29) the celebrated Duke of 
BucKiNGH.'VM, da. of Sir George Villiers, by his 2nd wife, Mary, sno jure. 
Countess of Buckingham, by which marriage he obtained great favour at 
Court. She accompanied Henrietta Maria to France as Lady of the 
Bedchamber. Being mortally wounded in a skirmish near Birmingham, 
3 Apr., he d.(^) 8 Apr. 1643, and was bur. at Monk's Kirby. Admon. 
8 June 1 65 1, to a creditor. His widow was living 21 Oct. 1651.0 

(*) His infant s. and h. ap., who d. v.p., 19 July 1584, is styled in his M.I. at 
St. Mary's, Warwick, " the noble impe, Robert of Dudley, Baron of Denbigh." 

('') It is alleged that his ancestor, Geoffrey Feilding, of Misterton, co. Leicester, 
styled himself in a letter, 11 June (13 1 6) 9 Edw. II, "filius Cilfridi, filii Galfridi 
Comitis de Hapsburgh et Domini Laufenburgh et Rin felden in Germania," and took 
accordingly the name of Felden, having pretension to that dignity. No mention, 
however, of this illustrious origin is made in the Heralds' Visitations. G.E.C. 
See J. H. Round's article, "Our English Hapsburgs: a Great Delusion," in his 
Peerage Studies, p. 2 1 6. V.G. 

("=) Collins's Peerage (Brydges) gives 23 Apr. 1603; Shaw has both dates for 
the knighting of William F. "of county Warwick." 

(<^)See Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. The 
patent of 1622 declares the grant to be "ob generis claritatem et nuptias admodum 
honorandas sed prascipue ob eximiam virtutem et erganoset coronam nostram fidem." 

(*) See "The Loyalists' Bloody Roll," vol. ii, Appendix A. See also Lord 
Clarendon's character of him. 

(*) It would appear from a letter of Charles II to Henry Bennet, dat. at Cologne, 
8 June 1655, that she had died there recently. She became a Rom. Cath. when in 
France. Crashaw dedicated his sacred poems to her. G.E.C. and V.G. 



DENBIGH 179 

[I. 1643. -• Basil (Feilding), Earl of Denbigh, &€., ist s. 

and h., /-». about 1608, .fA'/c-i/ Viscount Feilding, 1622-43; 
ed. at Emman. Coll., Cambridge; K.B. 2 Feb. 1625/6, at the Coronation. 
He was sum. to the House of Lords, v.p., 21, and took his seat 24 Mar. 
1627/8, in his father's Barony of Newnham Paddockes, by writ directed 
Basilio FeihUng de Ne-jcnham Paddock ch'r;(^) was Ambassador to Venice, 
1634 till the spring of 16^8, when he was moved to Turin and never 
returned to Venice, though nominally Ambassador there till i643.('') 
In opposition to his father, having joined the Pari, faction, ("=) he was 
made, v.p., in 1642, Lord Lieut, of cos. Denbigh and Flint, and 
subsequently, 1643, Lord Lieut, of co. Warwick; was at the battle of 
Edgehill (his father fighting as a volunteer with the Royalists), and was 
Col. of a regt. of Horse in the Pari, army; Major Gen. in command at 
Coventry and in several of the Midland Counties, and in 1644 was 
one of the Parliamentary Commissioners to the King.('') Recorder of 
Coventry 1647-51 ; Speaker of the House of Lords 1648; Member of the 
Council of State 1 649-51.0 As, however, he concurred in the Restoration, 
he was, 2 Feb. 1664/5, '^'■- BARON ST. LIZ,(*) with a spec. rem. failing 
the heirs male of his body to those of his father. He m., istly, Anne, da. 
of Richard (Weston), ist Earl of Portland, by his 2nd wife, Frances, da. 
and coh. of Nicholas Waldegrave. She d. 10 Mar. 1634/5, at Venice. 
He »;., 2ndly, 12 Aug. 1639, Barbara,(8) da. and coh. (with ;^50,ooo) 
of Sir John Lamb, of Rothwell, Northants, Dean of the Court of 
Arches, by Anne, ist da. of Sir Thomas Crompton. She d. after 

(*) For a list of heirs ap. of peers sum. v. p. in one of their father's baronies, see 
vol. i. Appendix G. 

('') While he was Ambassador at Venice "the King gave him merely for the 
title's sake, five or six hundred pounds yearlie extraordinarie." (Letter of the Earl of 
Winchilsea, 10 Apr. 1661. Hht. MSS. Com., MSS. of Allen George Finch, 
vol. i, p. iii). V.G. 

(■=) On 1 1 July 1642, his mother made a touching appeal to him not to take up 
arms against the King. He was one of the most capable commanders on the Parlia- 
mentary side, but resigned his commission 2 Apr. 1645, in obedience to the self- 
denying ordinance. V.G. 

{^) His somewhat despicable character is set forth by Clarendon, who gives him 
credit for "much greater parts than either of the other three" commissioners. It 
appears that he said he would most willingly "serve the King slgnai/y, but that to 
lose himself without any benefit to the King he would decline." 

{') See note sub Thomas, Lord Fairfax of Cameron [1648]. 

(*) It is difficult to imagine what amount of dignity was considered as being 
thereby gained, as he had already a Barony of more ancient date vested in him. One 
of his ancestors had ?«. Agnes, da. and h. of John Seyton, which name is said to be 
the same as that of St. Liz, the last name having been the patronymic of the (early) 
Earls of Northampton and Huntingdon in the 12th century. See a similar creation 
in 1660, when the Earl of Winchilsea was made Baron FitzHerbert of Eastwelt. 

(8) J. H. Round has printed in Essex Archceol. Trans., N.S., vol. x, p. 31, 
some correspondence (from the State Papers) between Barbara and her father. 
V.G. 



i8o DENBIGH 

1 1 days' illness, i,(*) and was bur. 3 Apr. 1641, in Westm. Abbey. He m., 
3rdly, 8 July 164 1, at Willesden, Midx., Elizabeth, ist da. and coh. of Edward 
(Bourchier), 4th Earl of Bath, by Dorothy, da. of Oliver (St. John), 
3rd Baron St. John of Bletso. She, who was b. 1622, d. 22 Sep. 1670. 
He m., 4thly, Dorothy, 2nd da. of Francis Lane, of Glendon by Rothwell, 
Northants, by Mary, 2nd da. of Thomas Hartopp, of Burton Lazars, co. 
Leicester. He d. s.p., at Dunstable, 28 Nov. 1675, and was bur. at 
Monk's Kirby. Admon. 29 Apr. 1676. His widow m. (lie. Vic. Gen., 
being therein called Frances,('') 8 Apr. 1680, to m. at St. Mary's, Savoy, or 
Kettering, Northants, he about 50, widower, she about 30) Sir John James, 
and was bur. 23 Nov. 1709, at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, Midx. 

III. 1675. 3. William (Feilding), Earl of Denbigh, Viscount 

Feilding, Baron of Newnham Paddockes, and Baron 
St. Liz (to which last dignity he sue. under the spec. rem. in the creation 
thereof), also Earl of Desmond, Viscount Callan, and Baron Feilding 
OF Lecaghe [I.], nephew and h., being s. and h. of George, Earl of 
Desmond, ^c. [I.], who was next br. to Basil, Earl of Denbigh, above- 
named. He was b. 29 Dec. 1640, and regd. at Heston, Midx.; styled 
Viscount Callan till 31 Jan. 1665/6, when he sue. his father as 
Earl of Desmond [L]. Lord Lieut, for co. Warwick 1683-85. 
He m.y istly, Mary, widow of Sir William Meredyth, ist Bart. [L], 
sister of John, ist Baron Kingston [L], and da. of Sir Robert King, 
Muster Master Gen. [L], by his ist wife, Frances, da. of Henry 
(Folliott), 1st Baron Folliott of Ballyshannon [L]. She was bur. 

12 Sep. 1669, at St. Michan's, Dublin. He m., 2ndly, Mary, 4th da. of 
Henry (Carey), 2nd Earl of Monmouth, by Martha, da. of Lionel 
(Cranfield), Earl of Middlesex. He d. 23 Aug. 1685, at Canonbury 
House, Islington, Midx., and was bur. at Monk's Kirby, aged 44. Will 
pr. Sep. 1685. His widow d. s.p., 9, and was carried away 16 Dec. 1719, 
from St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. Will pr. Dec. 17 19. 

IV. 1685. 4. Basil (Feilding), Earl of Denbigh, tfc, also 

Earl of Desmond, i^c. [I.], s. and h. by ist wife, b. at 
Kilkenny in 1668, J/j/fd' Viscount Feilding 1675-85; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.), 15 May 1685, aged 17; being er. D.C.L. 9 Nov. 1695. 
Though a Tory, he did not attend the Pari. [I.] of James II, 7 May 
i689;('^) Col. of a regt. of Dragoons and Master of the Horse to Prince 
George of Denmark 1694-97; Lord Lieut, of co. Leicester 1703-06 and 
1711-14; said to have been Lord Lieut, of co. Denbigh, but certainly not 

(^) State Papers, Dom., Charles I, vol. 479, no. 2. V.G. 

(*>) Her name was Dorothy (not Frances), and as such she is styled in the M.I. 
to her sister Magdalen Lane at Rothwell, in her renunciation to administer to her 
husband in 1675, and in the register of her burial, 1709. V.G. 

if) For a list of peers present in, and absent from, this Pari., sec vol. iii, 
Appendix D. 



DENBIGH i8i 

after 1689; one of the Tellers of the Exchequer, 1713-15. He ;«., 
22 June 1695 (lie. Fac. office, he aged 26 and she 18), Hester, 1st da. 
(whose issue in 1759 became h.) of Sir Basil Firebrace, ist Bart., wine 
merchant, by FJizabeth, da. of Thomas Hough, of London, milliner. 
He d'. 18 Mar. 17 16/7, aged about 48. Admon. 9 May I7i7.(*) His 
widow, who was b. 3 Jan. 1675/6, d. i Jan. 1725/6, in Cavendish Sq. 
Admon. 7 July 1726, to a creditor. 

V. 17 1 7. 5. William (Feilding), Earl of Denbigh, C^fc., also 

Earl of Desmond, ^c. [I.], s. and h., b. 26 Oct. 1697, 
j/v/c'^/ Viscount Feilding till 1717; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 17 Dec. 
1 71 5. A Tory.f'') He w., about 17 18, Isabella, da. of Peter de Jonge, 
burgomaster of Utrecht. He d. 2 Aug. 1755, ^g^"^ 57- ^^'^^ l"""- '755- 
His widow d. 16 May 1769, in South Audley Str., and was bur. at Ted- 
dington, Midx., aged 76.(') M.I. Will pr. 1769. 

VI. 1755. 6. Basil (Feilding), Earl of Denbigh, ^c, also 

Earl of Desmond, i^'c. [I.], only s. and h., b. 3 Jan. 
1719, stykd Viscount Feilding till 1755; Capt., under the Duke of 
Bedford, of a company of Foot, raised to serve against the Jacobites, 27 Sep. 
1745; P.C. 9 Feb. 1760 to George II, and 17 Mar. 1761 to George III; 
Cupbearer at the Coronation, 22 Sep. 1761 ; IVlaster of the Royal Harriers 
1761-82; a Lord of the Bedchamber Apr. 1 763-1 800. C^) He m., istly, 
12 Apr. 1757, at Biggleswade, Beds, Mary (a fortune of ;(;30,ooo), 3rd da. 
and coh. of Sir John Cotton, 6th and last Bart., by Jane, da. of Sir 
Robert Burdett, Bart. She d. 14 Oct. 1782, at East Sheen, Surrey. He 
m., 2ndly, 21 July 1783 (spec, lie), at Wistow, co. Leicester, Sarah, widow 
of Sir Charles Halford, 7th and last Bart., yst. da. of Edward Farnham, 
of Quorndon House, co. Leicester. He ^. 14 July 1800, at Newnham 
Paddox, aged 81. Will pr. Sep. 1800. His widow, who was b. 2^ Oct. 
1 741, d. s.p., 2 Oct. 1 8 14, aged nearly 73, at Brighton, and was bur. at 
Wistow, with her ist husband. Will pr. 18 15. 

(") His character, when over 40 years old, as given by Macky, is as under: — 
"Is a Gent, of good nature, but is one of the greatest drinkers in England; he is tail, 
fat, and very black." 

C*) He signed as many as 35 Protests on the Journals of the House of Lords, 
generally in conjunction with Tories and anti-Walpolean Whigs. V.G. 

(■=) Judging from letters printed in Hist. MSS. Com., Denbigh MSS., part v, 
she " must have been a very clever and lively person " though she never thoroughly 
mastered the English language. Bright Brown points out that Sir Alexander Dick 
of Prestonfield, in his Continental travels, found them living in 1737 "very elegantly 
in the middle of a fine vineyard three miles from Lyons." [Curiosities of a Scots 
Charta Chest). Her sister m. William Godolphin, styled Marquess of Blandford. \'.G. 

C*) He was a Tory, and voted against Fox's India Bill in Dec. 1783, for which 
he is jeered at in the Rolliad. His name was not signed to any of the Lords' 
Protests. Horace Walpole, in 1773, calls him "the lowest and most officious of the 
Court tools." V.G. 



i82 DENBIGH 

[William Robert Feilding, styled Viscount Feilding, ist s. and 
h. ap., b. 15 June 1760; M.P. (Tory) for Beeralston 1780-90; for 
Newport, Cornwall, 1790-96; was cr. D.C.L. of Oxford 3 July 1793; an 
officer in the army; in 1794 he raised the 22nd regt. of Light Dragoons, 
being Col. thereof till his death; Major Gen., 1795. He m., 26 Apr. 
1 79 1, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Anne Catherine, da. of Thomas Jelf 
Powis, of Berwick House, Salop, and Moreton Hall, co. Chester. He d. 
v.p., 8 Aug. 1799, at Newcastle, aged 39. Will pr. Apr. 1800. His 
widow d. 1 Jan. 1852, at Rossall, near Shrewsbury, aged 80. Will pr. 
Mar. 1852.] 

VII. 1800. 7. William Basil Percy (Feilding), Earl OF Den- 

bigh, i^c, also Earl of Desmond, i^c. [I.], grandson 
and h., being 2nd('') but ist surv. s. and h. of William Robert Feilding, 
styled Viscount Feilding, and Anne Catherine, his wife abovenamed; i. 
25 Mar. 1796, at Berwick House afsd. ; styled Viscount F'eilding, 
1 799-1 800; ed. at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 18 16; cr. 
D.C.L., Oxford, 19 Oct. 1835; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1830-33 ;('') 
P.C. 4 Feb. 1833; G.C.H. (civil) 1833; Chamberlain to Adelaide, the 
Queen Consort, 1833-34; Master of the Horse, 1834-49, to the said 
Queen, both as Consort and Dowager. He m., 8 May 1822, at Wood- 
chester, CO. Gloucester, Mary Elizabeth Kitty, ist da. of Thomas (Moreton), 
1st Earl of Ducie, by Frances, da. of Henry (Herbert), ist Earl of 
Carnarvon. She, who was b. 14 Dec. 1798, d. 16 Dec. 1842, in 
childbed, aged 44, at Eaton Place, Midx. He d. 25 June 1865, from 
congestion of the lungs, aged 69, at Hampstead, Midx. 

VIII. 1865. 8. Rudolph (') William Basil (Feilding), Earl OF 

Denbigh, i^c, also Earl of Desmond, i^c. [I.], s. and 
h., i>. 9 Apr. 1823, at Woodchester Park afsd.; styled Viscount 
Feilding till 1865; ed. at Eton, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 
1844; High Sheriff of CO. Flint, 1850. A Conservative. ('^) He m., istly, 
18 June 1846, at St. Nicholas, Brighton, Louisa, da. and h. of David 
Pennant, of Downing and Bychton, co. Flint, by Emma, da. of Robert 
(Brudenell), 6th Earl of Cardigan. She, who was ^.31 Aug. 1828, 

(*) His elder br. d. an infant, 23 Mar. 1 792, at Berwick House, near Shrewsbury. 

C") He voted with the Whigs for Cath. emancipation, and for the Reform Bill, 
but afterwards became a Conservative. He followed Peel when he betrayed his 
followers by abolishing the Corn Laws, and in his later years generally supported 
Palmerston's government. V.G. 

(■=) This name serves to indicate the gorgeous and fondly imagined descent of 
this respectable English family from the House of Hapsburg. For the complete 
exposure of this vain pretension, see J. H. Round's Peerage Studies, p. 21G et seq. V.G. 

(^) In 1847 he was Protectionist candidate for Cambridge Univ., but he voted, 
as did the Rom. Cath. peers (whose ranks he joined three years later) for Irish 
disestablishment in 1868 and 1869. V.G. 



DENBIGH 183 

d. I May 1853, of consumption, at Naples, aged 24. He w., 2ndly, 
29 Sep. 1857, at Spetchley, Mary, 4th da. of Robert Berkeley, of 
Spetchley Park, co. Worcester, by Henrietta Sophia, da. and coh. of Paul 
Benfield. He d. 10 Mar. 1892, of paralysis, at Newnham Paddox, 
aged 68, and was bur. at Pantasaph Monastery, co. Flint. His widow, 
who was b. 15 Aug. 1833, d. of pneumonia, at Rome, 3, and was bur. with 
him, 25 June I90i.(^) 

IX. 1892. 9. Rudolph C") Robert Basil Aloysius Augustine 

(Feilding), Earl of Denbigh [1622], Viscount Feilding 
[1620], Baron Feilding of Newnham Paddock.es [1620], and Baron St. 
I>iz [1664], also Earl of Desmond, Viscount Callan, and Baron 
Feilding ofLecaghe[I. 1662], ("=) ist s. and h. by 2nd wife; b. 26 May 1859, 
at Downing, co. Flint; styled Viscount Feilding, 1865-92; ed. at Oscott 
Coll., and" the Mil. Acad, at Woolwich; Capt. Royal Horse Artillery, 
serving in Egypt, 1882; A.D.C. to the Viceroy of Ireland, 1887; Lieut. 
Col. Hon. Artillery Comp., 1893. Member of the L.C.C. for the City 
1896-98; a Lord in Waiting 1 897-1 905. C) C.V.O. 2i July 1903. A 
Conservative. He served in the European War 19 14- .(') He w., 
24 Sep. 1884, at the Rom. Cath. Chapel, Ugbrook, Devon, Cecilia Mary, 
6th da. of Charles Hugh (Clifford), 8th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, 
by Agnes Louisa Catherine, da. of William Henry Francis (Petre), nth 
Baron Petre of Writtle. She was b. 11 Aug. i860, at The Ness, 
Shaldon, Devon. 

[Rudolph C") Edmund Aloysius Feilding, j/v/^^, since 1892, Viscount 
Feilding, ist s.(')and h. ap., ;^. 12 Oct. 1885, at Millbrook House, Exeter. 
Matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 1904. He fought in the European War, 
being app. Lieut. Coldstream Guards 5 Aug. 19 14 (the day after war was 
declared); D.S.O. i Dec. 19 14. He ;«., 28" Feb. i9ii,at the Rom. Cath. 



(») He and his first wife became Roman Catholics in 1850. For a list of peers 
and peeresses who have joined this faith since that date, see vol. iii. Appendix G. 
He was a remarkably handsome man. Bright Brown writes: "His conversion to 
the Church of Rome is said to have been brought about by his horror on seeing the 
parish clerk, after communion service in the parish church was over, drink up the 
remainder of the sacramental wine, and carelessly flick the breadcrumbs on to the 
floor." V.G. 

C") See note " c " on preceding page. 

{^) No claim has been made to the Irish titles since the Union, and none of 
these peers ever sat or voted in the Pari, of Ireland. The ist Earl of Desmond 
voted by proxy only. (G. D. Burtchaell). V.G. 

(■*) He is one of the numerous peers wlio are or have been directors of public 
companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. V.G. 

(') He was appointed to the staff, and graded as A.A.G. For a list of peers 
and sons of peers who served in this war see vol. viii, Appendix F. 

The 2nd son, Hugh Cecil Robert,*. 1885, is a Lieut. R.N.; the 3rd and yst 
son, Henry Simon, h. 1894, is a 2nd Lieut, in King Edward's Horse. V.G. 



i84 DENBIGH 

Ch. of SS. Thomas Aquinas and Stephen, at Market Drayton, Imelda, yr. 
of the 2 daughters of Francis Egerton Harding, of Old Springs, Market 
Drayton, by his ist wife, Frances Pauline, 2nd da. of Charles Sebastian 
SOMERS, C.M.G.] 

Family Estates. — These in 1883 consisted of 370 acres in co. Leicester 
and 2,848 in co. Flint. Total, 3,218 acres worth ;^6,340 a year. Principal 
Residence. — Newnham Paddox, near Lutterworth, co. Leicester. 

DENGAINE see ENGAINE 

DENHAM see DINHAM 

DENMAN OF DOVEDALE 
BARONY. I. Thomas Denman, only s. of Thomas Denman, 



I. 1834- 



M.D., one of the Court Physicians, by Elizabeth, da. 
of Alexander Brodie, of St. James's, Westm., Army 
accoutrement maker, was b. 23 Feb. 1779, in Queen 
Str.,(^) Golden Sq.; was ed. at Eton, and at St. John's Coll. Cam- 
bridge, B.A. 1800, M.A. 1803; entered Line. Inn and became a 
pupil to Charles Butler and William TiddjC') and, after practising 
as a special pleader, was called to the Bar 9 May 1806, joining 
the Midland Circuit and Lincoln Sessions; M.P. (Whig) for Wareham 
1818-20; for Nottingham 1820-26, and again 1 830-32. ('') On 
the accession of George IV, the Queen Consort (Caroline) appointed 
Brougham her Attorney Gen. and Denman her Solicitor Gen., who, as 
such, took a principal part in her trialjC') which brought him into public 

(^) This street has been re-named '■'■Denman Street" in his honour. 

C') See vol. ii, p. 513, note "a," sub Campbell. 

(<=) "Distinguishing himself by the boldness with which he attacked abuses and 
in particular by advocating the necessity of an amelioration of the criminal law." 
(Foss's Judges of England). He belonged to the more advanced section of the Whigs 
in the Commons. G.E.C. and V.G. 

{^) In this trial, Aug. 1820, "nearly the whole talent of the Bar was engaged, 
and of the 1 1 Counsel who appeared, six on one side and five on the other, no less 
than ten were afterwards elevated to high legal distinction." See Foss's Judges 0} 
England^ sub "Denman." "In so far as the Bar was concerned the contest was a 
battle of Giants, Sir Robert Gifford, Attorney Gen. [afterwards Lord Gifford and 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas], Copley, the Sol. Gen. [afterwards Lord 
Lyndhurst and Lord Chancellor], with Dr. Adams, and Mr. Parke [afterwards Lord 
Wensleydale and one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer], appeared in support 
of the bill; Mr. Brougham, the Queen's Attorney Gen. [afterwards Lord Brougham 
and Lord Chancellor], Mr. Denman, the Queen's Sol. Gen. [afterwards Lord Denman 
and Ch. Justice of the King's Bench], Dr. Lushington [the Rt. Hon. Stephen 
Lushington, D.C.L., Judge of the High Court of Admiralty 1838-67; d. 19 Jan. 
1873, in his 91st year], Mr. Williams [Sir John Williams, one of the Justices of the 
Court of King's Bench 1834-46], Mr. Tindal [the Rt. Hon. Sir Nicholas Conyngham 



DENMAN 185 

notice. C) Common Serjeant of London 1822-30; K.C. 1828; in Nov. 1830 
(under the Grey Ministry) Attorney Gen., being knighted, 24 Nov. 1830; 
and in Nov. 1832, Chief [ustice of the King's Bench ;('') P.C. 6 Nov. 1832; 
F.R.S. 20 Tune 1833. On 28 Mar. 1834, he was cr. BARON DENMAN 
OF DO\'EDALE, co. Derby. Speaker of the House of Lords in the 
Session of 1835. ^" consequence of the illness of the Lord Chan- 
cellor Cottenham, he presided as Lord High Steward, 16 Feb. 1841, 
at the trial of the Earl of Cardigan. Early in 1850, after 18 years' office, 
he resigned his post from ill health. He ;«., 1 8 Oct. 1 804, at Saxby, co. 
Lincoln, Theodosia Anne, ist da. of the Rev. Richard Vevers, Rector of 
Kettering, Northants, by Theodosia Dorothy, da. of the Rev. Sir 
William Anderson, 6th Bart, of Lea, co. Lincoln. She, who was b. 
21 Nov. \']~<^^d. 28 June 1852, at Parsloes, Essex. He d. 22 Sep. 1854, 
of paralysis, in his 76th year, at Stoke Albany, Northants. (") Will pr. 
Oct. 1854. 

Tindal, Ch. Justice of the Court of Common Pleas 1829-46], and Mr. Wilde [after- 
wards Lord Truro and Lord Chancellor] appeared for the Queen. With the exception 
of Dr. Adams [William Adams, LL.D. (father of "G.E.C."), Advocate, Doctors Com- 
mons, from 1799 to 1825, when he retired from ill health though he survived till (his 
8oth year) 11 June 185 i], they all subsequently obtained judicial dignity, three of them 
becoming Lord Chancellois." See Martin's Life of Lord Lyndhunt, p. 183, in which 
work, however, among the five (for such, not four ^ was their number) counsel for the 
King, the name of Sir Christopher Robinson, King's Advocate, is omitted. He, 
however, was no exception, being from 1828 to his death in 1833, Judge of the 
High Court of Admiralty. 

(") "Immense popularity attached to all who were engaged on behalf of that 
Lady [the Queen]." Annual Reg. for 1854. The popular excitement, however, 
soon flagged, and " before the close of the year, everybody was becoming tired of the 
Queen and her case. The tone of the public mind was cleverly expressed in an 
epigram written on the singularly malapropos passage which concluded Mr. Dcnman's 
speech for the Queen, in which he begged the House to tell her [in the words used 
some 1800 years prc\iously to a woman taken in adultery] to go and sin no more: — 
"Most Gracious Queen, we thee implore. 
To go away and sin no more ; 
But, if that effort be too great. 
To go away at any rate." 

See The Croker papers as quoted in a review thereof in The Athemeum, 25 Oct. 
1884. Mr. Denman's comparison of this mature and reckless Queen to Octavia, the 
innocent and virgin bride of Nero (by implication involving a comparison of George IV 
to that tyrant) was equally unfortunate and much more inappropriate. Against 
these blunders may be set his happy reflection, on the subject of the Queen's name 
being omitted from the State Prayers, that she was included in the prayer for " all 
those who are desolate and oppressed." G.E.C. and V.G. 

C") Sic, not Chief Justice of England as wrongly stated in Block's Tables. See 
vol. iii, p. 370, note " d," sub Coleridge. 

(") Lord Broughton writes of him in 1826, " Denman is more striking as a 
companion than as a public man. He is acute, lively, full ol" anecdote, and brings a 
great deal of elegant learning to bear upon his talk." " As a Barrister he wa^ not 

24 



i86 DENMAN 

II. 1854. 2. Thomas (Denman, d/z^-wari/i Aitchison-Denman), 

Baron Denman of Dovedale, ist s. and h., b. 30 July 
1805; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Brasenose Coll.) 17 May 1823; 
Barrister (Line. Inn) 1833, and associate to his father, when Ch. Justice 
of the Queen's Bench, 1832-50. He ;»., istly, 12 Aug. 1829, at 
Lincoln, Georgina, da. of the Rev. Thomas Roe, by Catherine Sarah, sister 
of Major Gen. Sir Howard Elphinstone, ist Bart. She d. 25 Apr. 1871, 
at Stony Middleton. He ?«., 2ndly, 10 Oct. 1871, at Haddington, 
Marion, ist da. and coh. of James Aitchison, of Alderston, co. Haddington, 
by Janet Rennie, his wife. By royal lie, 20 Dec. 1876, he took the name of 
Aitchison before that oi Denman, under the will of his wife's mother above- 
named. He d. s.p.y somewhat suddenly, of heart disease, 9 Aug. 1894, 
aged 89, at the King's Arms hotel, Berwick, and was bur. at Alderston 
afsd.(') Will pr. at ;^i 1,831 gross. His widow d. 27 Feb. 1902, at 
Alderston. 



III. 1894. 3. Thomas (Denman), Baron Denman of Dovedale 

[1834], great nephew and h., being ist s. and h. of 
Richard Denman, by Helen Mary, da. of Gilbert McMicking, of Mil- 
tonise, co. Wigtown, which Richard (who d. 5 Apr. 1883, aged 41), was 
1st s. and h. ap. of the Hon. Richard Denman, Barrister-at-law (d. 
19 Mar. 1887, aged 73), yr. br. of the 2nd and 3rd s. of the ist Baron. 
He was l>. 16 Nov. 1874, at 46 Queen's Gate Terrace, South Kensington; 
ed. at the Mil. Coll. Sandhurst; Lieut. Royal Scots; fought in the South 
African War 1 900-0 1;('') a Lord in Waiting (Liberal) 1905-07; Capt. of 
the Gent, at Arms 1907-11; P.C. 12 Aug. 1907; Governor Gen. of Australia 
I9ii-i4.(') He served in the European War, being app. Lieut. Col. 

distinguished for the variety and depth of his legal knowledge; he owed his success to 
other qualities than those of the mere lawyer. In liim the man always triumphed 
over the advocate. He was all sincerity and fervour; his manner was popular; his fine 
musical and powerful voice and easy manner of speaking were great recommendations; 
his appearance strikingly prepossessing, his figure tall and his head of fine and noble 
expression, is'c." {Annual Reg. for 1854). Greville, in his Memoin, remarks 
that "he made a very bad judge, but was personally popular and generally respected." 
He was certainly vastly inferior in legal ability to his immediate predecessors in the 
office of Chief Justice. Like most eminent lawyers, he made no figure in the House 
of Commons. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*) A very independent politician, described as "Liberal" in Dod up to 1884, 
but he usually voted .against his party in important divisions, e.g., on the Repeal of the 
Paper Duty, the vote of censure on the Danish question in 1864, and the Irish 
Church and Irish Land Acts of the first Gladstone ministry. From 1891 Dod 
classes him as a Conservative. V.G. 

(^) For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who fought in this war, see vol. ii, 
Appendix B. 

(■=) He has no political creed assigned to him in Dod before 1903, in which 
year he is described as " Conservative." The next year he joined the Liberals. V.G. 



DENMAN 187 

1st County of London Yeomanry 26 Sep. 1914.0 He m., 26 \ov. 
1903, at St. Margaret's, Westm., Gertrude Mary, only da. of Sir Weet- 
man Dickinson Pearson, ist Bart. {cr. 19 10 Lord Cowdray), by Annie, 
da. of Sir John Cass, of Bradford. 

[Thomas Denman, s. and h. ap., b. 2 Aug. 1905, at Paddockhurst, 
Worth, Sussex.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, were under 2,000 acres. 



DENNINGTON 

See "Rous of Dennington, co. Suffolk," Barony {Rous), cr. 1796. 



DENNISTOUN 

Sir Robert Den'nistoun, Sheriff of Lennox and Keeper ot the 
Castle of Dunbarton, who ^. s.p.m., in 1399, is often spoken of as LORD 
DENNISTOUN [S.], but cannot, however, be considered as having 
acquired a peerage Barony. 



DENNY (of Waltham) 

BARONY BY i. Sir Edward Denny, was sum. to Pari, from 

WRIT. 27 Oct. (1604) 2 Jac. I to 17 May (1625) i^ Car. I, by 

writs directed Edivardo Denny de Waltham Clii\ whereby 
^- ^^°+- he became LORD DENNY! On 14 Oct. 1626, he was 

cr. EARL OF NORWICH. See fuller particulars 
under that dignity. He d. s.p.m., 27 Sep. 1637, when the Earldom 
became extinct, but the Barony devolved as under. 



11. 1637 2. James (Hay), Earl of Carlisle, Viscount Don- 

to CASTER, Lord Denny (of Waltham), tfc, grandson and 

1 660. h., being s. and h. of James (Hay), i st Earl of Carlisle, 

by his 1st wife, Honora, only child of Edward (Denny), 

Lord Denny (of Waltham) abovenamed, which Honora d. v.p., 16 Aug. 

1 6 14. He was b. about 1605, and sue. his father, 25 Apr. 1636, as Earl 

OF Carlisle, &c. He d. s.p., 30 Oct. 1660, when all his honours became 

extinct. For fuller particulars, see Carlisle, Earldom of, cr. 1622; 

extinct 1660, sub the 2nd Earl. 

(*) For a list of peers anJ sons of peers who served in this war see vol. viii, 
Appendix F. 



i88 DERAMORE 

DERAMORE OF BELVOIR 

BARONY. I. Thomas Bateson, 2iid but ist surv. s. and h. of Sir 

r no Robert Bateson, ist Bart., of Belvoir Park in the county 

1. I»b5. of Down (so cr. i8 Dec. 1818), by Catherine, yst. da. of 

Samuel Dickson, of Ballynaguile, co. Limerick, was b. 
4 June 1819; sometime Capt. 13th Light Dragoons; M. P. (Conservative) 
for CO. Londonderry, 1844-57; for Devizes, 1864-85; junior Lord of the 
Treasury, Feb. to Dec. 1852; sue. his father, 21 Apr. 1863, in the Baronetcy 
and family estates. He was cr., 18 Nov. 1885, BARON DERAMORE 
OF BELVOIR, CO. Down, with a spec, rem., failing the heirs male of his 
body, "to his br. George William Bateson-de-Yarburgh, Esq." He m., 
24 Feb. 1849, '^^ St. James's, Paddington, Caroline Elizabeth Anne, 2nd 
da. of George Rice (Rice-Trevor), Baron Dinevor, by Frances, da. of 
Lord Charles Fitzroy. She, who was b. 17 Aug. 1827, d. 12 Aug. 1887, 
at 12 Grosvenor Place, Midx. He d. s.p.m., i Dec. 1890, at Sidham 
House, Folkestone, aged 7 1 . 

IL 1890. 2. George William (Bateson de Yarburgh, subse- 

quently [1892], DE Yareurgh-Bateson, but previously 
[Feb. to Apr. 1876], Bateson-Yarburgh, and before that [1823-76], 
Bateson), Baron Deramore of Belvoir, br., and h. male under the spec, 
rem., ^5-. 2 Apr. 1823; ed. at Rugby Aug. 1839. A Conservative. He 
w., 8 May 1862, at Heslington, co. York, Mary Elizabeth, ist da. and 
coh. of George John Yarburgh, formerly Lloyd, of Heslington Hall, by 
Mary Antonia, da. of Samuel Chetham Hilton, of Pennington Hall, co. 
Lancaster. On the death of his wife's father (16 Mar. 1875), he, by 
Royal Lie, 26 Feb. 1876, took the name of Yarburgh, after that of 
Bateson, and two months later, 1 5 Apr. 1876, the name oi de Yarburgh, in lieu 
of Yarburgh, taking subsequently in like manner, 4 July 1892, the name of 
de Yarburgh-Bateson, in lieu of that of Bateson de Yarburgh. His wife d. 
22 Oct. 1884, at Heslington Hall. He d. 29 Apr. 1893, at Paris, of 
heart disease, aged 70. Will pr. Aug. 1893, at ;/^53,ooo. 

III. 1893. 3. Robert Wilfrid (de Yarburgh-Bateson, formerly 

[1876-92], Bateson de Yarburgh, and Bateson-Yar- 
burgh, but before that [1865-76], Bateson), Baron Deramore of 
Belvoir [1885], also a Baronet [1818], ist s. and h., b. 5 Aug. 1865, at 
Richmond. A Conservative. He served in the European War 19 14- , 
as Major Yorkshire Hussars. (^) He m., istly, 15 July i 897, at St. Michael- 
le-Belfry, York, Caroline Lucy, ist da. of William Henry Fife, of Lee 
Hall, Northumberland, being ist da. by his 2nd wife, Caroline Jane, 

if) His yst brother, Eustace, h. 1884, also served, being app. 2nd Lieut. Duke of 
Wellington's (West Riding) regt. 14 Oct. 1914. For a list of peers and sons of 
peers who served in this war see vol. viii, Appendix F. 



DERAMORE 189 

only da. of Sir Thomas Digby Legard, Bart. She d'. 26 Oct. 1901, at 
Bournemouth. He w., 2ndly, 26 June 1907, at St. Clement's, 
York, Blanche Violet, ist da. of Philip Saltmarshe, Col. R.A., 
of Daresbury House, co. York, by Ethel Murray, da. of C. Murray 
Adamson, of North Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne. She was b. 2 July 



Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 7,762 acres in co. 
Londonderry, 6,400 in co. Down (these last worth ^"9,411 a year), 284 in 
CO. Antrim, and 2,927 in co. Limerick. Total, 17,373 acres, worth 
;r 1 4,8 8 8 a year. Principal Residence. — Bel voir Park, near Belfast. The 
Yarburgh seat of Heslington Hall is now held by the family. 



DE RAMSEY OF RAMSEY ABBEY 

BARONY. I. Edward Fellowes, 2nd but ist surv. s. and h. of 

. William Henry F., of Ramsey Abbey, co. Huntingdon, and 

I. IS87. Haverland Hall, Norfolk (who d. 25 Aug. 1837), by 

Emma, da. of Richard BENYON,of Englefield House, Berks, 
was b. 14 May 1809; ed. at Charterhouse; sometime Lieut. 15th Hussars; 
M.P. (Conservative) for co. Huntingdon 1837-80. He was cr., 8 July 
1887, BARON DE RAMSEY(^) OF RAMSEY ABBEY, co. Hunting- 
don. C-) He ;«., 22 July 1845, ^^ St. James's, Westm., Mary Julia, ist 
da. of George John (Milles), 4th Baron Sondes of Lees Court, by 
Eleanor, da. of Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bart. He d. after a long illness, at 
3 Belgrave Sq., Midx., five weeks after his peerage creation, 9, and was bur. 
13 Aug. 1887, at Ramsey. Will dat. 25 June 1883 to 25 Mar. 1887, pr. 
12 Nov. 1887, over ^{,"134,000. His widow, who was b. 8 Oct. 1825, in 
Brook Str., d. 10 Apr. 1 901, at 3 Belgrave Sq., and was bur. at Ramsey, 
aged 75. Will pr. over ^"30,000. 

II. 1887. 2. William Henry (Fellowes), Baron de Ramsey 

OF Ramsey Abbey, s. and h., b. 16 May 1848, in Belgrave 
Sq.; ed. at Eton; Lieut, ist Life Guards 1867;^ Capt. 1872-77; M.P. 
(Conservative) for co. Huntingdon 1880-85, ^"'^ *"°'' ^he Ramsey division 
1885-87; one of the Lords in Waiting, 1890-92; Custos Rot. of the Isle 
of Ely since 1 891.0 He »;., 12 July 1877, at St. James's, Westm., 
Rosamond Jane Frances, 2nd da. of John Winston (Spencer-Churchill), 

(^) This is one of the sham antiques of the 1 9th century, framed on the model 
of " De Tabley of Tabley House." See vol. vi, Appendix A for some remarks on 
the prefix '■'■de.'" 

i^) He was one of the eight "Jubilee" Barons cr. that month. Sec list of these 
under Cheylesmore. 

(■=) He is one of the numerous peers who are or have been directors ot public 
companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. V.G. 



I90 DE RAMSEY 

Duke of Marlborough, by Frances Anne Emily, da. of Charles William 
(Vane), 3rd Marquess of Londonderry [I.]. She was b. 9 Nov. 1851, in 
Brook Str., Midx. 

[CouLSON Churchill Fellowes, ist s. and h. ap., b. 8 Feb. 1883, in 
London; ed. at Eton; ent. the army Apr. 1901; sometime Capt. ist Life 
Guards. General Reserve of officers. He served in the European War 
1 9 14- .(■") He m., istly,('') 9 July 1906, at St. Margaret's, Westm., 
Dorothy, ist da. of Harry Wyndham Jefferson, of Stoke Rochford, co. 
Lincoln, by Gwendolen Mary, 2nd da. of the Rev. Arthur Chetwynd 
Talbot, Rector of Ingestre, Stafford. She obtained a divorce from him in 
1912. He m., 2ndly, 12 Sep. 1914, Lilah, 7th da. of Edward Donough 
(O'Brien), 14th Lord Inchiquin [I.], being 6th da. by his 2nd wife, Ellen, 
1st da. of Luke (White), 2nd Lord Annaly [L] She was i-. 18 Oct. 1884.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 15,629 acres in co. 
Huntingdon, 4,083 in Norfolk, and 309 in co. Cambridge. Total, 20,021 
acres, worth ;/,"2 6,203 a year. Principal Residence. — Ramsey Abbey, co. 
Huntingdon. 

DERBY (County of) C) 



Henry de Ferrieres, Sire de Ferri^res and Chambrais in 
Normandy,("^) s. of Walkelin de Ferrieres.(') He was a Domesday 
Commissioner, and held at the date of the Survey some 210 lordships 
or manors, more than half of which were in co. Derby, but the caput 



(*) For a list of peers and sons of peers who served in this war see vol. viii, 
Appendix F. 

('') His s. and h. ap., Ailwyn Edward Fellowes, was b. 16 Mar. 19 10. V.G. 

{") This article, down to the year 1322, is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

C^) Ferrieres and Chambrais (now Broglie), on the Charantonne, in the chief 
iron-producing district of Normandy. The workers of iron, in this province, were 
under the jurisdiction of six barons foisiers; these were the barons of Ferrieres, La Fert^ 
Fresnel, and Chaumont, and the abbots of Lyre, St. Wandrille, and St. Evroul. 
The barons of Ferrieres were styled premiers barons fossiers, which shows that the 
Jorges they had charge of were esteemed the principal, or the most ancient. (H. de 
Formeville, Les barons fossiers de Normandie, in Metn. Soc. Antiq. Norm., vol. xix, 
pp. 554"583). The popular story that Henry de Ferrieres "received his surname 
from holding the office of master of the farriers in the invading army" is therefore 
only the trutii — a little distorted. Whether the English branch of the family in the 
twelfth century bore, as the heralds say they did, Sable, six horse-shoes Argent (or the 
same with the tinctures reversed), or whether they bore any arms at all, is another 
question. 

(*) This Walkelin was slain in the civil wars which distracted Normandy during 
the minority of Duke William. (Ordericus Vitalis, lib. i, cap. 24). 



DERBY 



191 



of his honour was at Tutbury, then in the district of Burton-on-Trent, 
CO. Stafford. (*) Near Tutbury he founded a priory for Benedictine 
monks. C") He m. Bertha. He was bur. at Tutbury. 



EARLDOM. I. Robert de Ferrieres, 3rd s. of the above, suc- 

y n ceeded to the greater part of his father's possessions 

- ■ in England. (') He was one of the commanders at the 

battle of the Standard, in Aug. 1138, and was, for his 
services, cr. EARL OF DERBY by King Stephen, shortly afterwards. ('') 
He m. Hawise, da. of Andre, Seigneur de Vixai in Brittany, by Agnes, 
da. of Robert, Count of Mortain. He d. in 1 139.('") 

n. 1139. 2. Robert (de Ferrieres), Earl of Derby, or Earl 

of Ferrieres, s. and h.(*) During the reign of King 

(^) Ordericus (lib. iv, cap. 7) states that the King granted " Henrico Gualchelini 
de Ferrariis filio castrum Stutesburie, quod Hugo de Abrincis prius tenuerat." On 
the subject of Tutbury at the time of the Domesday Survey see Eyton, Stnffordihire 
Domesday, p. 49. 

(*•) " Ego Henricus de Ferrariis fundavi ecclesiam in honore sancte Dei gcne- 
tricis Marie apud castellum meum Tuttesbur' pro anima VV. Regis et Matiid' Regine 
et pro salute anime patris mei et matris mee et uxoris mee Berte et filiorum mcorum 
Engenulphi W. Robert! ac filiannn mearum . . ." [Cartulary of Tutbury, transcript in 
Addit. MSS., no. 6714, no. 51). 

if) " Ego Robertus Comes de Ferr' nutu divino succedens in hereditatem bone 
memorie videlicet Henrici patris mei concede . . . quecunque pater meus et mater mea 
donaveruntecclesie sancte Marie quam ipsi a fundamentis construxerunt apud castellum 
mcum Tuttesbur'." [Cartulary of Tutbury, no. 103). The lands in Normandy were 
(eventually) inherited by Henry de Ferrieres, his nephew (s. and h. of one of his brothers, 
Engenulf or William). Henry, who was living in 1136, held Oakham, co. Rutland, 
and Lechlade, co. Gloucester (a manor held by his grandfather Henry at the Domesday 
Survey). He was father of Walkelin, who was father of (i) Henry, Seigneur de 
Chambrais in 1202, (2) Hugh, of Lechlade, who d. s.p. in 1204, having m. Margaret, 
da. and h. of Hugh de Say of Richard's Castle, and (3) Isabel [d. before 31 May 1252), 
who m., istly, Roger de Mortemer of Wigmore [d. 24 June 12 14), and 2ndly, 
Piers fitz Herbert of Blaen Llyfni [d. i June 1235). Isabel inherited Lechlade, and 
also Oakham, which her eldest br., Henry, had lost at the time of the conquest of 
Normand\'. Henry was the ancestor of the seigneurs of Ferri(!:res and Chambrais, the 
last of whom, Jean, d. s.p.tn. in 1504. A custom quite recently existed that a peer 
of the realm, the first time he passed through Oakham, should give a horse-shoe to be 
nailed upon the castle-gate: a toll or privilege dating, no doubt, from the time of the 
ancient lords of that town, premiers barons fossiers of Normandy. 

if) " Unde eciam quia [Rex] audivit eos se viriliter in hoc negocio habuisse, Wil- 
lelmum de Albamarla in Eboracensi et Robertum de Ferrers in Derbiensi scyra comites 
fecit." (Ric. Haugustald., p. 165). Ordericus (lib. xiii, cap. 37), when noticing his 
creation as Earl of Derby, calls him Rodhertus de Stoteshuria. 

(*) R. Haugustald., p. 178. 

(^ (i) "Ego Robertus Comes junior de Ferrariis . . . Sciatis me concessisse huic 
ecclesie mee Tuttesbir' . . . quicquid avus meus Henricus si\c Engenulfus patruus 



192 DERBY 

Stephen, he founded the Abbeys of Merevale, co. Warwick;,(*) and Darley 
near DerbyjC") and was the virtual founder of the Priory of Bredon, co. 
Leicester. C) He went, or proposed to go, on pilgrimage to Santiago. C') 
He m. Margaret, da. and h. of William Peveril of Nottingham. Q He 
d. before ii6o,(*) and was bur. in Merevale Abbey, wrapped in an ox- 
hide.(8) 

III. 115-- 3- William (de Ferrieres), Earl of Derby, or Earl 

OF Ferrieres, s. and h.C") He was one of the adherents 

meus seu Robertus pater mens seu uxores vel barones scu milites vel homines eorum 
donaverunt ^'el concesserunt huic prefate ecclesie . . . Nigellus de Albiniaco et Amicia 
filiaavi mei dederunt ecclesiam de Catton." (ii) Charter of the same Robert, styling him- 
self " Comes junior de Notingham," to the Church of Tutbury, mentioning the same 
predecessors, (iii) "Anno ab incarnacione domini M°C''quadragesimo primo Ego Robertus 
junior Comes de Notingham concedo et do huic ecclesie Sancta Marie Tuttesbur' 
omnem decimam denariorum de Novo Burgo . . . pro salute anime mee . . . et maxime 
pro solucione marce argenti quam Robertus filius Wakelini de Roburna huic ecclesie 
solvebat singulis annis . . . post mortem Hauwisie matris mee." [Cartulary of Tutbury^ 
nos. 52, 70, 71: R.O. Transcripts, ii, no. 140 B, vol. iii, pp. 427, 428). 

(*) As " Robertus Comes de Ferrariis . . . pro anima Roberti Comitis de Ferrariis 
patris mei." (Foundation Charter, in Monasticon, vol. v, p. 482). 

(•*) (i) " Robertus comes de Ferr' Waltero Coventrensi episcopo . . . Ego fundavi 
domum unam religionis in Derb' in fisco regio concessu et confirmatione regis Stephani 
et concessu regis Henrici et posui in eam canonicos et abbatem Abbatem vero pre- 
sentavi utrique regum etdedi eis de terris meis et de redditibus in primis ecclesiam de 
Uttokishathara et Cruch' . . . et decimum denarium redditus mei de Derb' . . ." 
(ii) " Walterus dei gratia Cestrensis episcopus . . . Confirmando locum in quo fundata 
est ecclesia sancte Marie super Derewent . . . accepimus scilicet de dono Henrici regis 
Anglorum Derlegam et locum et fundationem ubi predicta ecclesia fundata est . . . Ex 
dono Roberti comitis de Ferr' et ex concessione regis Stephani quia de suo patrimonio 
est decimam de tertio denario de Derb' cum prato quod pertinet et ecclesiam de 
Uttok' . . ." [Cartulary of Darley, Cotton MSS., Titus, C 9, ff. 150, 154). 

("=) As " Rodbertus Comes de Notingh'." [Cartulary ofNostell, Cotton MSS., Vesp., 
Ei9,f. 125). 

[^) "Robertus Comes de Ferrariis" gave 4 bovates in Bromley to the Church of 
Burton, "et infra primos xv dies postquam rediero de Sancto Jacobo adquietabo et de- 
liberabo terram predictam ad opus ecclesie et si non redeam heredes mei faciant." [Car- 
tulary of Burton, p. 50). 

if) See Appendix I in this volume, Peveril of Nottingham. 

(') A charter, by which one William de Ferrariis made a gift to Tutbury, is 
witnessed by Bernard, Abbot of St. Evroul, and is therefore of date X160 or before 
[Chronicle of St. Evroul). This gift was ratified, presumably about the same time, by 
William, Earl de Ferrariis. [Cartularf of Tutbury, nos. 68, 69, and R.O. Tran- 
scripts, ut supra, pp. 430, 431). 

if) Dugdale, Warwickshire, vol. ii, p. 1 090, from the Register of Merevale 
Abbey. 

C') "Ego Willelmus Comes de Ferrar' Episcopo Cestrensi R. . . . Sciatis me 
dedisse . . . huic ecclesie mee Tuttesbir' . . . unam bovatam terre in Merston' . . . 
Hanc donacionem feci illo die quo corpus Henrici de Ferrar' feci deferri et poni in 



DERBY 193 

of the younger Henry on his rebellion in Apr. ii73,(*)and sacked and 
burnt Nottingham in May or June ii74.('') He made his submission to 
the King at Northampton, 31 July 1174, surrendering his castles of Tut- 
bury and Duffield.(') The King took him, with other prisoners, to France 
in Aug. follo\ving,('') and imprisoned them at Caen. He m. Sibyl, da. of 
William de Braiose, Lord of Bramber, by Bertha (heiress of Brecon and 
Over Gwent), sister and coh. of William de Hereford, and 2nd da. of Miles 
(de Gloucester), Earl of Hereford. (") He d. on Crusade, at the siege of 



dextera parte majoris altaris ejusdem ecclesie Preterea concedo et confirmo quicquid 
antecessores mei scilicet predictus Henricus de Ferrar' et Engeiuilfus et Robertus 
avusmeus et Robertus Comes pater meus sive uxores vel barones seu milites vel homines 
eorum donaverunt vel concesserunt predicte ecclesie . . . Hanc doiiacionem dedi et coii- 
firmacionem feci pro salute mea et uxoris mee Sibille et liberorum meorum Et pro requie 
anime Henrici de Ferrar' proavi mei et Roberti patris mei et Roberti avi mei et 
Engenulfi de Ferrar' omiiiumque aiitecessorum meorum Testibus Roberto de Ferrar' 
fratre comitis et Roberto et Henrico de Ferrar' ejus patruis," ^c. {Cartulary of 
Tuttury, 110. 53: Transcripts, ut supra, p. 428). In 5, 6, and 7 Hen. II, the lands of the 
Earl of Ferrieres were at farm. And in the livery of the said Earl, the fifth year, 
j^37 6s. ()d., the sixth, ;^40, and the seventh, ^^60 2s. {Pipe Rolls). 

(') He is mentioned slightingly by Jordan Fantosme {Chronique, p. 282): 
"E li cuens de Ferrieres, un simple chevalier — 
Mielz deust bele dame baisier e acoler 
Ke par mal de guerre ferir un chevalier." 

('') "Rodbertus [sic'] Comes de Ferreris, sumptis secum militibus Leicestrie, venit 
summo mane usque Notingham villam Regis, quam Reginaldus de Luci custodivit: et 
statim sine aliqua difficultate eam cepit et combussit et burgenses interfecit et quos 
capere potuit captivos duxit, et totam predam quam capere potuit." (Benedictus, 
vol. i, p. 6g). By his charter, Earl William gave to Lenton Priory all his right to the 
church of Woodham in Essex, for the souls of those who were with him at the burn- 
ing of Nottingham. (Dugdale, Baronage, p. 260, from the Cartulary of Lenton, now 
destroyed). 

(') Benedictus, vol. i, p. 73. Tutbury Castle was one of those which the King 
caused to be demolished in Dec. 1175. (R. de Diceto, vol. i, p. 404). 

C^) Gervase of Canterbury, vol. i, p. 249. 

if) "Robertus [j/V] Comes de Ferrieres . . . Notum sit vobis omnibus me dedisse 
et concessisse Deo et sancte Marie et monachis vallis Dore . . . totum Oxcmeodum . . . 
Hoc autem feci pro salute domini Regis H. et mea et W. filii mei et hercdum nostrorum 
et proanima Regis H. et antecessorum nostrorum et [pro] anima Sibille de Braosa uxoris 
mee matris W. filii mei et sua et pro salute Bertc matris uxoris mee que dedit mihi 
hanc terram et pro pace et stabilitate tocius Anglie et Wallie." (Vincent, Discoverie 
of Errours, p. 677). The mistake of writing Robertus — instead of IVillelmus — in this 
transcript has been the principal source of error in the various pedigrees of the Earls of 
Derby that have been put forward. For mistake it must be. In what may be called 
the official account de forisfacto JVillelmi de Braosa [son of the William mentioned in 
the text] in I 208, it is twice mentioned that JV. Comes de Ferariis was nepos suus. And 
the Earl is one of the witnesses to the truth of the document. {Liher Niger, vol. i, 
p. 377). Now it is perfectly certain that the Earl of Ferrieres living in 1208 was son 
of a William, and not of a Robert. 

25 



194 DERBY 

Acre in Palestine, in 1190, before 21 Oct.(°) His wife survived him, 
and was, perhaps, living as late as 5 Feb. 1 227/8. C") 

IV. 1 190. 4. William (de Ferrieres), Earl OF Derby, or Earl 

OF Ferrieres, s. and h.('') He had livery of his lands 
in 1 1 90-9 1. C) Sheriff of Notts and Derby, for 7 weeks, Feb.-Mar. 1 194. 
About that time, before the King's return to England, he supported the 
Justiciar against John, Count of Mortain, and, with the Earl of Chester, 
besieged Nottingham Castle.(^) Shortly afterwards he took part at 
Richard's second Coronation, 17 Apr., being one of the four Earls who bore 
the canopy.(^) After the King's death, he was at the Council of North- 
ampton, which declared for John as Richard's successor: he was present at 
the Coronation, 27 May 1 199.C) On 7 June 1 199, the King restored and 
confirmed to him the third penny of all the pleas pleaded per vicecotnitem de 
Dereby, unde ipse Comes, est, as amply as any of his predecessors had had 
the same, to hold, to him and his heirs for ever, and with his own 
hand girded him with the sword as an Earl.(*) On the same day the King 

(*) Epht. Cantuar.y p. 329: Benedictus, vol. ii, p. 148: Hoveden, vol. iii, p. 88: 
R. Coggeshale, p. 29: Roger of Wendover, vol. i, p. 191. On his way out, as 
"Willelmus Comes de Ferrariis," he had made a donation to the Abbey of St. Denis, 
"pro salute anime mee et Sibille Comitisse uxoris mee . . . Actum in capitulo sancti 
Dionysii anno gracie MClxxxix." [Monasticon, vol. vii, p. 1078). 

(•>) She certainly survived her husband for many years [Testa de Neville, p. 108), 
and was, perhaps, the Sibilla de Ferrariis who occurs 5 Feb. 1227/8, being then a 
widow [Patent Roll, 12 Hen. Ill, m. 6). 

(=) (i) " Willelmus de Ferrar' Comes Derb' . . . Sciatis me concessisse . . . Deo et 
ecclesie sancte Marie de Tuttesbir' ... pro salute mea et Agnetis uxoris mee et succes- 
sorum meorum et pro anima Willelmi Comitis de Ferrar' patris mei et pro animabus 
antecessorum meorum omnia quecunque Henricus de Ferrar' fundator ejusdem ecclesie 
seu Engenulfus de Ferrar' vel Robertas de Ferrar' et alius Robertus de Ferrar' vel 
Willelmus Comes de Ferrar' pater meus sive aliquis antecessorum meorum sive uxores 
eorum vel barones seu milites vel homines eorum racionabiliter dederunt vel concesserunt 
predicte ecclesie." (ii) and (iii) "Willelmus Comes de Ferrar' filius Willelmi Comitis 
de Ferrar' . . . pro salute anime mee et Agnetis uxoris mee" gave to the church of 
Tutbury the tithes issuing from his forests of Duffield and Needwood: by two charters. 
[Cartulary of Tutbury, nos. 56, 57, 75). 

C^) "Willelmus de Ferrariis filius Comitis de Ferrariis debet C Ii. pro fine terre 
sue." [Pipe Roil, 3 Ric. I, Staffs). He is styled "Comes de Ferrariis" in the Pipe 
Roll of 6 Ric. I. 

(•) Hoveden, vol. iii, pp. 237, 241, 248, vol. iv, p. 90. 

(') "Johannes dei gracia Rex Angl' ... Sciatis nos reddidisse et concessisse 
et presenti carta confirmasse dilecto nostro Willelmo de Ferrar' Comiti de Dereby 
tercium denarium de omnibus placitis placitatis per vicecomitem de Dereby tam 
in Dereby quam extra unde ipse Comes est sicut aliquis unquam antecessorum 
suorum melius habuit tenendum sibi et heredibus suis de nobis et heredibus nostris 
inperpetuum Et inde ipsum tanquam Comitem propria manu gladio cinximus . . . 
Datum . . . apud Norhant' vij die Junii Regni nostri anno primo." [Cart. Antiq., 
no. 2). Derbyshire, the castle and honour of Peak, the castle of Bolsover, "et 



DERBY 195 

gave him Higham with the hundred and a half, and the park of that town, 
and Newbottle and Blisworth, as his right and inheritance which descended 
to him as right heir of the land which was of William Pevercl, to hold, to 
him and his heirs for ever, by the service of a knight's fee. And the Earl 
quit-claimed the residue of the land which was of William Peverel to the 
King,(*) and paid 2,000 marks for his charter-C") He was present at the 
Coronation of Henry III, 28 Oct. I2i6.('') On 30 Oct. the King granted 
him the castles of Peak and Bolsover, co. Derby, with the homages.C') 
and on 16 Jan. 12 16/7 the manor of Melbourne in that co., to hold 
till the King was 14 years of age.C^) He assisted the Regent to raise 
the siege of Lincoln Castle, 20 May I2i7,(') and with his brother-in- 
law, the Earl of Chester, commanded the royal forces which took and 
razed the castle of Montsorel.C") In June 12 18 he went on Crusade. (•) 
He was warned, 26 June 1222, to surrender the castles of Peak and 
Bolsover before Michaelmas. (s) Sheriff of co. Lancaster and Keeper 
of the honour of Lancaster, 30 Dec. 1223 to 2 Jan. 1227/8. C") He 
accompanied the King in the expedition to Brittany and Poitou, Apr. to 
Oct. 1230. C") On 19 Jan. 1230/1 he was given the custody of all the 
lands of the Normans in England which were of his fee.C") He was at 
the Council of London, Feb. 123 1/2. C*) He was sum. for Military 
Service against the Scots, 15 May (1244) 28 Hen. Ill, by writ directed 
W. de Ferar comiti Derebi. Had licence to make his will, 29 Apr. 1247.C') 



totam terram que fuit Willelmi Peverel," and the town and honour of Nottingham, 
are enumerated by Benedictus (vol. ii, p. 78) among the possessions granted by 
Richard I, before his Coronation in 1 1 89, to his br., John, Count of Mortain. 

(*) See the Charter in Appendix I to this volume. 

(•>) Oblate Roll, I Joh., m. 23. 

(') Annales de Waverleia, p. 286: De Ant. Legibui Liber, p. 202: Roger of 
Wendover, vol. ii, p. 197: M. Paris, vol. iii, p. I. 

C*) The order for the delivery to him of Peak was repeated, 18 Nov., I and 
24 Dec. 1 2 16, that for Melbourne, 5 Feb. 1 216/7, ^"'^ that for Bolsover, 23 June 
1 21 7. Peak was held by Brien de I'lsle, and Bolsover by Gerard de Furnivalle, 
neither of whom would surrender his charge. The Earl eventually took the castles 
by force [Annales de Dumtaplia, p. 50). His charters of acknowledaiment are enrolled. 
[Patent Rolh, I Hen. Ill, mm. 16, 15, 13, 6, 13 d; 7 Hen. Ilf, m. 6 d). In the 
chancery writs, at this period, he is usually called Comes de Ferrarits, but occasionally 
Comes Derebeie or de Dereby, which latter style he used himself. 

(*) Annales de Burton, p. 224: Roger of Wendover, vol. ii, p. 212: M. Paris, 
vol. iii, pp. 15, 18. 

(^ Annales de Burton, p. 225: Walter of Coventry, vol. ii, p. 240: Annales de 
JFaverleia, p. 289. 

(8) Patent Roll, 6 Hen. Ill, m. 3. The Earl's charter was returned to him, 
with instructions to surrender these castles to the messengers, 27 Dec. 1222. [Idem, 
7 Hen. Ill, m. 6). 

(t) Patent Rolls, 8 Hen. Ill, m. 12; 12 Hen. Ill, m. 6; 14 Hen. III,/.. I, 
m. 4 A, p. 2, w. 3; 15 Hen. Ill, m. 4; 31 Hen. Ill, m. 6: Close Roll, 16 Hen. Ill, 
m. I4d. 



196 DERBY 

He m., in ii92,(*) Agnes, sister and coh. of Randolf, Earl of Chester 
AND Lincoln, and 3rd da. of Hugh, Earl of Chester, by Bertrade, da. of 
Simon de Montfort, Count of Evreux. On 22 Nov. 1232 they had 
livery of her purparty of her brother's lands, viz. of the castle and manor 
of Chartley, co. Stafford, the castle and vill of West Derby, co. Lancaster, 
with all the lands which Earl Randolf had held between Ribble and 
Mersey,('') the vills of Bugbrooke, Northants, and Navenby, co. 
Lincoln. (") On 12 Sep. 1233 they had assignment of the knights' fees, 
late of the said Earl, which had been apportioned to them.('') He d. 
22 Sep. 1247, having been long afflicted with the gout.('') His widow, the 
King having taken her homage, had livery, 12 Oct. 1247, of her inheritance 
(above mentioned) in cos. Lancaster, Lincoln, and Stafford, including the 
castle of Chartley.(') She d. 2 Nov. i247.('*) 



V. 1247. 5. William (de Ferrieres or de Ferrers), Earl of 

Derby, s. and h.(') He accompanied the King to France 

(») A final concord in the Court of William, son of William, Earl of Ferrieres, at 
Tutbury, before the said Earl, is dated " MC nonagessimo secundo anno scilicet in 
quo Willelmus Comes de Ferrariis duxit Anneis in uxorem sororem Rannulfi Comitis 
Cestrie." {Stemmata Shirle'tana, appendix, no. 13). 

(•*) That is, the vills of West Derby and Salford with the wapentakes, the 
borough of Liverpool, and the wapentake of Leyland, held by the service of a mewed 
goshawk or 40s. a year. [Charter Roll, 13 Hen. Ill, p. I, m. 2: Fine Roll, 
18 Hen. Ill, m. i). 

("=) Close Roll, 17 Hen. Ill, mm. 16, 15, 4. 

(•*) "MccxLVii. Isto anno obiit Willelmus de Ferrariis nobilis Comes Derbeie, 
X kal. Octobris. Agnes Comitissa uxor ejus, completa quarentina sua, decessit quarto 
non. Novembris." {Annales de Burton, p. 285). " MccxLvii. [Obiit] circa diem 
sancte Katerine [25 Nov.] W. Comes de Ferrariis vir quidem pacificus et Justus et 
annosus, et multo tempore morbo podagrico fatigatus. Cujus sponsalia et uxoris sue 
Comitisse celebravit beatus Thomas Cantuariensis Archiepiscopus. Eodem quoque 
mense obiit uxor ejusdem Comitissa M. [w] de Ferrariis ejusdem etatis fame et boni- 
tatis. Successit igitur patri in comitatu filius dicti Comitis, Willelmus primogenitus et 
heres, vir bonus et discretus, sed eodem morbo quo et pater miserabiliter infirmatus." 
(M. Paris, vol. iv, p. 654). In thus stating that the Earl was married before 11 71, 
the historian has probably confused him with his father. 

(=) Close Roll, 31 Hen. Ill, m. 2. 

His arms were Sable (or Azure), an escutcheon vairy Or and Gules, and an 
orle of 8 horse-shoes Argent. (Planch^'s Roll, no. 92; St. George's Roll, no. 70; 
Camden's Roll, no. 244). Cf. seal, Egerton Charter, no. 442. The arms of the 
sires or barons of Ferrieres and Chambrais — descended from Henry de Ferrieres, who 
lost Oakham in 1205 — were, Gules, an escutcheon Ermine, and an orle of 8 horse- 
shoes Or. (Navarre, Armorial, no. 160). The similarity of these arms seems to 
discredit Blanche's conjecture that the horse-shoes in the arms of the 5th Earl were 
due to his marriage with a coheiress of the Earls Marshals. The 4th and 6th Earls 
bore Vairy, without addition. (Seals, Wolley Charter, 2, I, and Addit. Charter, 
no. 20459). 



DERBY 197 

in Apr. i230.(*) Constable of Bolsover Castle, 28 Feb. 1234/5 to 3 July 
1236.0 The King took his homage, and he had livery of Chartley Castle 
and the rest of" his mother's lands, 10 Nov. I247.('') He was invested 
with the Earldom, 2 Feb. 1247/8, at Westm., and was present at the Pari, 
of London held in that month. (') On passing over a bridge at St. Neots 
he was accidentally thrown from the litter which he habitually used — 
having been afflicted with gout from his youth — and sustained injuries 
from which he never recovered. He m., istly, before 14 May I2i9,('') 
Sibyl, sister and in her issue coh. of Walter, Earl of Pembroke, and 
3rd da. of William (le Mareschal), Earl of Pembroke, by Isabel, da. and 
h. of Richard (de Clare), Earl of Pembroke. She d. s.p.»i.(') He m., 
2ndly, in or before 1238, Margaret, ist da. and coh. of Roger (de Quen'cy), 
Earl of Winchester, by his ist wife, Helen, ist da. and coh. of Alan de 
Galweye, Constable of Scotland. He d. at Evington near Leicester, 
24 or 28, and was iur. 31 Mar. 1254, in Merevale Abbey.O His widow, 
the King having taken her homage, had livery, 3 Dec. 1274, of her pur- 
party of the lands which Alianore de Vaux, late Countess of Winchester, 
had held in dower of the inheritance of Roger de Quency, sometime Earl 



(») Pah-nt Rolls, 14 Hen. Ill, p. \, m. ^ A; 19 Hen. Ill, m. 13; 20 Hen. Ill, 
m. 5. 

(•>) Fine Roll, 32 Hen. Ill, m. 14. On 16 Feb. 1248/9, he was ordered to 
restore to Thomas his br. the castle and manor of Chartley, which A., Countess of 
Derby, their mother, had given to Thomas. {Closi Roll, 33 Hen. Ill, m. 13 d). This 
manor had belonged to Stephen de Beauchamp, and the Earl of Chester had purchased 
it from Stephen's sisters and coheirs in 1222 and 1225. {Feet of Fines, case 208, file 3, 
nos. 24, 25, 44; case 282, file 8, no. 19). In Trinity term 1262 Thomas was suing 
Margaret, the Earl's widow, for the manor of Chartley. [Assize Roll, no. 954, m. 40 d). 

C^) Annales de Burton, p. 285: M. Paris, vol. v, p. 5. 

C*) That is, in her father's lifetime. "Puis dona li peres Sebire . . . Al filz le 
conte de Ferieres." (IS Histoire de Guillaume le Markhal, I. 14937-40). This 
authority mentions Sibyl as the 3rd da., others as the 4th. 

(') For her seven daughters and coheirs and their representatives see the tabular 
pedigree on p. 199. In this table the dates of death are derived from the Inquisitions, 
the Escheators' Accounts, and the Escheators' Enrolled Accounts: save five, which are 
from Obituaries or the like. 

" Mccliv. Willelmus de Ferrariis Comes Derbeie obiit v kal. Aprilis apud 
Eventonam juxta Leycestriam, et sepultus est in capitulo de Mirevalle ii kal. Aprilis." 
[Annales de Burton, p. 317). " MccLiv. Nono kal. Aprilis obiit Comes de Ferrariis 
Willelmus filius Willelmi, vir discretus et legum terre peritus. Hie, dum pedum 
infirmitate diuturna que podagra dicitur a primis annis sicut ejus pater velut hereditaria 
laboraret, in lectica vel carpento vehi consuevit de loco ad locum. Et dum una dierum 
iter ageret, veredarii ejus incaute vehiculum suum regentes super quendam pontem, 
scilicet apud Sanctum Neotum, cadere permiserunt evolutum. Qui contritis licet 
membris tunc mortem evasisset, nunquam tamen penitus sanus: postea viam universe 
carnis est ingressus." (M. Paris, vol. v, p. 432). 



198 DERBY 

of Winchester, formerly Alianore's husband. (*) She d. shortly before 
12 Mar. 1 2 80/ 1. C) 

VI. 1254 6. Robert (de Ferrers), Earl of Derby, s. and 

to h.,('=) by 2nd wife, b. about 1239. The wardship of his 

1266. lands, valued at 2,000 marks a year, was granted, 

15 Apr. 1254, to Prince Edward, who sold it in 1257 to 
the Queen and Pierre de Savoie.C) He did homage and had livery 
of his lands in 1260, signalizing this event by destroying Tutbury 
Priory. (*) On the outbreak of the Barons' War in 1263 he seized three 
of Prince Edward's castles. Q Next year, 29 Feb. 1263/4, ^^'"^ exercitu 
magna, he captured Worcester, and destroyed the town and jewry.(') 
In Apr. or May Prince Edward retaliated by wasting his lands and de- 
molishing Tutbury Castle.Q He absented himself from the battle of 
Lewes,(*) but, with 20,000 foot and many horsemen, put to flight the royal 
forces near Chester in Nov. following.C") On 24 Dec. 1264 he was 
ordered to deliver up Peak Castle to Earl Simon,Q and the same day 

{») Close Roll, 3 Edw. I, mm. 25, 25 d schedule. It is noticeable that Margaret 
and Alianore were each the stepmother and the stepdaughter of the other: the Earls, 
their husbands, having each married the other's daughter. 

(b) Fine Roll, 9 Edw. I, ;n. 16; Patent Roll, m. 25. 

{^) By his charter, dated at Tutbury, Monday before St. Lucy [12 Dec] 1261, 
" Robertus de Ferr' filius et heres nobilis viri domini Willelmi de Ferr' quondam 
Comitis Derbeye" confirmed to the Church of Tutbury "omnia quecunque Henricus 
de Ferr' fundator ejusdem ecclesie seu Engenulfus de Ferr' vel Robert de Ferr' et 
alius Robertus de Ferr' vel Willelmusde Ferr' vel alius Willelmus de Ferr' avus meus 
seu Willelmus de Ferr' pater meus sive aliquis antecessorum meorum seu uxores 
eorum vel barones vel milites sive homines eorum dederunt vel concesserunt ecclesie 
predicte." {Cartulary of Tutbury, nos. 86, 96). 

(^) Patent Rolls, 37-38 Hen. Ill, /. I, w. 3, />. 2, ot. lO; 41 Hen. Ill, m. 9. 

(*) " MccLX. Robertus de Ferrariis, recepto prius homagio suo a domino 
Rege, recepit seisinam terre sue et destruxit prioratum Tutisburie." {Annales de 
Burton, p. 491). By his charter, dated the vigil of St. Philip and James 47 Hen. Ill 
[30 Apr. 1263], he took the Abbey of Dale under his protection. {Hist. MSS. Com., 
9th Report, part ii, p. 403). 

(*) Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 224: Rishanger, Z)^ Bellis, pp. 20, 26: Idem, Chron., 
p. 13: Annales de Wigornia, p. 448: Annales London., p. 61. 

(8) " Iste verbotenus quin pocius fraudulenter Consuli [Leycestrie] adherens, in 
nullo hello cum eo contra partem adversam congressus est, nee eciam vocatus in suc- 
cursum apud Lewes venire voluit; sed tarn viros religiosos quam seculares undique 
depredando nomine baronum infinita mala perpetravit, parca Regis destruxit eciam post 
pacem clamatam, et de quadam littera proditoria inter ipsum et marchiones composita, 
pace aliquantula terre reddita, acusatur [j/V] capitur [et] London' carceri mancipatur." 
(Rishanger, De Bellis, p. 20, compared with Grig., Cotton MSS., Claud., D6, f. 102). 

(•») Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 235. 

(') Patent Roll, 49 Hen. Ill, mm. 26, 22. "Ad predictum parliamentum 
voluit Rex damnare et ad mortem adjudicate dominum Robertum de Ferrariis Comitem 
de Derebi propter damna et incendia enormia, que gessit post bellum de Lewes et 



DERBY 



99 



Table of the representatives, for four generations, of Sibyl, sister and co-heir of Walter, 
Earl of Pembroke, and first wife of William de Ferrers, afterwards Earl of Derby. 



William de Ferrers=p Sibyl la Mareschale. 
U) (J) 



1 

Agnes: 
J. II 

May 
1290. 
2nd w. 



: William 
de \'escy 
of Aln- 
wick and 
Mai ton: 
t 22 Oct. 
1253. 



= (2ndw.) 


Simon de = 


Reynold 


Kyme of 


dc Mo- 


Kyme: f 


hun of 


30 July 


Dunster: 


1248,/./. 


<^.2oJan. 




1257/8. 





= Maud = William 



Basset 


t" 


Reynold Kyme of d. 12 


FortdeVivon- 


of Wy- 


Nov. 


dc Mo- Kyme: f Mar. 


ne in Poitou, 


combe: 


1260. 


hun of 30 July 1298/9 


ofChewton: f 


t3i 




Dunster: 1248,/./. 


22 May 1259. 


July 




<^.2oJan. 




1241. 




1257/8. 





=Aimery, Vi- 
comtedeRo- 
chcchouart 
in Poitou: 
living Apr. 



John de Vescy: William de V'escy: A son: a', s.f. 



d. s.p. 10 Feb. d. s.p.: 
1288/9. 1297. 



19 July Aug. 1 241 



William de Mohun of Mil 
denhall: d. 18 Aug. 1282. 



' , •: 1" 

John de \'escy: d. AIianore: = John de Carru M 
/./. Sep. 1294. b. I Aug 



Issue of Agnfs 
failed 1297. 



b. 7 Dec. 



of Moulsford: 1282: \ 6 Feb. 
d. 26 June 1300/1. 1st w. 
1324. 



John de Meriet 
of Long Ashton: 
d. 20 Feb. \^26ly. 



Nicholas de Carru: d. s.p. 20 June 1324. Henry: d. s.p., v.m. Jc 

Issue of Isabel failed 1324. 



Joan: ^.=: Reynold Sibyhi^.^Guy de 



xzix:d 
I June 
1314. 
2nd w. 



fitz Piers 
of Blaen 
Llyfni:^'. 
4 or 5 May 



1253: 
living 
July 
1306. 



Roche- 
chouart: 
living 
July 1306. 



Mabel :: 
b. 1255: 
living 
Feb. 
1290/1. 



Piers fitz Reynaud of 
Chewton : d.\% Nov. 
1322. =j= 

Roger fitz Piers: d. 
v.p. = 



i 

Aimar d'Archiac 
/./. 7 Apr. 131 3. 



~ — 

: Foucaud or Fulk, Cicely : 1 

Seigneur d'Ar- 
chiac in Sain- 
tonge: living in 
1294. 



1 
Foucaud 
d'Archiac 



.Johnde 



Aliens: sold or lost their 
in England. 



J6)_ 



1257: d. 

.0 Jan. 
1320/1. 


Beau- 
champ of 
Hatch: d. 
24 Oct. 

1283. 


John de Be 

2 7 July. 2 
•336/7- 


auchamp: /;. 
74: d. I Jan. 

I 

auchamp: d. 
43- 


John de Be 
14 May 13 



Sibyl : = Frank de John, s. and=J 



Bohun of h. ap. of 



Mid- 
hurst: d-. 


Reynold dc 
Mohun of 


14 Sep. 
1273. 


Dunster: 
dead in 




1254. 



Oct. 

1267. 



= (i5tw.) Ro- 
bert Aguil- 
lon of Wat- 
ton and 
Perching: 
d 15 Feb. 
1285/6. 



T 
Agatha:: 



Hugh de 



d. 22 

May 
1306. 


Mortimer 
ofChel- 
marsh: 
dead in 




June 




1275. 



John de Bohun: 
d. 28 Sep. 1284. 



John de Mohun: 
d. I I June I 279. 



1 

Henry de Mortimer: 
d. 26 Sep. I 317. 

r 



James de Bohun: b. 3 Feb. 
I 280/1 : I 30 May i 306. 



John de Bohun : ^. 1 4 Nov. 
1301 : d. 5 Dec. 1367. 



John de Mohun: 
d. zl Aug. 1330. 



John de Mohun: 
d. v.p. 



Hugh de Mortimer: b. 1 Aug 
I 286: a'. 1 1 or I 2 July 1 372. 



Alia-iWilliam de 
nore: \'aux of Thars- 
f 26 ton and Wisset: 
Oct. f 5 Dec. 1252, 
1274, /./. 

/./.A (3rd w.) Roger 
deQuency.Earl 
of Winchester: 
<j'.2 5 Apr. I 264. 
A(2ndw.) Roger 
de Leyburne of 
Elham: f S 
Nov. I 271. 



I~ 

Henry dc Morti; 
d. 7 July I 36 1. 



s.p. 7 Dec. I 391. Hugh: d. s.p. 21 July 1403 

The symbol t is an abbreviation for " died shortly before. 



TTT-n -— n , 

Hugh 1 Margaret :</.;./. 
James \d. Joan.= 

Thomas I,. • 

Edmund a 
Roger ] 



200 DERBY 

was sum. to Pari, by writ directed Comiti Derb\ In that Pari, he was 
accused of divers trespasses and was sent to the Tower by Earl Simon, 
his lands being taken into the King's hand.(*) On 5 Dec. 1265 he was 
admitted to the King's grace and had full pardon for all offences committed 
up to that day, on payment of 1,500 marks and a certain drinking-cup of 
gold.('') In a few months he again rebelled, and joining forces with John 
d'Eiville, Baldwin Wake, and others, devastated the Midlands. They were 
surprised at Chesterfield, 15 May 1266, and he was captured and sent to 
Windsor Castle,('=) where he remained a prisoner for nearly three years; 
his lands being again taken into the King's hand. On 28 June the castles 
and lands, and on 12 July 1266, the honour of Derby, forfeited by Robert 
de Ferrers, formerly Earl of Derby, the King's enemy and rebel, were granted 
to Edmund the King's son.('^) By the Dictum of Kenilworth his lands 
were subjected to the penalty of 7 years' purchase. On i May 1269 
Edmund was ordered to restore these lands to him.('') But on that day 
he was forced to sign a charter, by which he agreed to redeem them, and 
obtain his release from prison, for /^ 50,000 to be paid to Edmund in a 
single payment before 8 July following, in default the lands to revert to 
Edmund and his heirs to hold till the money was paid in the manner pre- 
scribed. He soon afterwards regained his liberty but could not redeem 
his lands, which were accordingly released to Edmund. He brought 
an action to recover them in 1274, but failed.(') In 1273, when 

ante. Volens autem dominus Symon de Monteforti predictum Comitem liberare et 
domini Regis animum pacare, predictum Robertum Comitem cepit et in Turri Lon- 
donie incarceravit." [Annales de JVaverkia^ p. 358). According to Wykes (p. 160), 
the Earl of Leicester, " preclusis sibi [Comiti Ferariensi] legitimis defensionibus, ipsum 
tanquam hostem publicum carcerali custodie mancipavit." 

(*) See ayUc^ p. 198, note " i." 

C") Patent Roll, 50 Hen. Ill, m. 40. Tile cup was received at the Wardrobe on 
Saturday the eve of St. Thomas the Apostle, I.e., 19 Dec. {Idem, m. 38). 

i^) Annales de DumtapUa, p. 24 1 : Annales de IVaverleia, p. 370 : Wykes, pp. I 87-8 : 
Trevet, p. 269: Rishanger, Chron., p. 48: Chron. Maiorum London., p. 86: Annales 
London., p. 73. According to Hemingburgh (vol. i, p. 326), he hid himself in a 
church, but was betrayed by a woman. 

{^^ Duchy of Lancaster, Royal Charters, nos. 104, 105. 

(f) Patent Roll, 53 Hen. Ill, m. 17. The lands were restored to him in order 
that he might enfeoff his manucaptors. 

(') Robert de Ferrers sued Edmund, son of King Henry, in a plea that he might 
redeem his lands at 7 years' purchase according to the Dictum of Kenilworth. 
Edmund said that Robert could not claim the benefit of the Dictum, because after it 
was passed he had of his own freewill agreed to redeem himself from prison, and his 
lands, for j/^50,000 to be paid to Edmund in the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist 
53 Hen. Ill: and that Robert had found manucaptors and conveyed all his lands to 
them, on condition that if the money was not paid to them at that date they should 
give the lands to Edmund to hold until Robert should pay him the ^50,000 simul et 
semel, and he produced Robert's [undated] charter to that effect. Robert said that 
this charter ought not to prejudice him, for he sealed it on the day of SS. Philip and 
James 53 Hen. Ill, and before that he was in the King's prison at Windsor, whence he 



DERBY 20I 

the King was absent abroad, he took possession of Chartley Castle, but 
was expelled. (') In 1274/5 he recovered the manor of" Holhrook, co. 
Derbj'jC') and in 1275 the manor — but not the castle — of Chartley.(°) 
He m.y istly (cont. 26 July I249),('') in 1249, at Westm., the King's niece, 
Mary, da. of Hugues XI, called k Brun, Count of La Marche and 
Angouleme, Sire de Lusignan in Poitou,(°) by Yolande, da. of Pierre, 

was released on bail and taken to Chippenham, where the deed was laid before him and he 
had sealed it when in custody and in fear of his life: and afterwards he had been taken as 
a prisoner in a cart by armed men, some in the cart and some out of it, to Wailingford, 
where he had been kept a prisoner for three weeks till the Lord Edward, now King, 
had released him. Edmund said that Robert had come before the Cliancellor, and had 
caused the deed to be enrolled, and could not plead that he had done such an act as 
a prisoner. Robert answered that the very day on which he sealed the deed the 
Chancellor had come — not like a Chancellor but like a private person — to the chamber 
where he lay in strict custody, and he had acknowledged the said writing to avoid 
peril to his body, and that therefore the said acknowledgment should not bind him. 
Judgment for Edmund on the ground that the Court could not go behind the Chan- 
cellor's rolls, especially after the Chancellor had quitted office. (Pleas in the quin- 
zaine of St. Michael — Coram Regr, 2-3 Edw. I, roll no. II, m. 6). 

(^) Pardon to Edmund, the King's br., to Henry, Earl of Lincoln, and others, for 
any deaths caused in besieging Chartley Castle, wliich Henry III gave to Hamon 
Lestraunge, and which Robert de Ferrers seized in i Edw. I, whereupon Edmund 
besieged and took the castle: 20 Dec. 1282. (Duchy of Lancaster, Rnya/ Charters, 
no. 154: Patt-nt Roll, 11 Edw. I, m. 25). 

{^) Coram Rege, Hilary, 3 Edw. I, roll no. 15, m. 10 d. 

("=) Robert de Ferrers sued the King for the manor of Chartley. For an ancestor 
of his, whose heir he was, had enfeoffed one Thomas de Ferrers of the manor, who 
had held it and afterwards d. s.p.: wherefore the manor should be his escheat. And 
Roger Lestraunge answered that the said Thomas had been against the late King, 
who had given the manor to Hamon Lestraunge, who had held it and enfeoffed him, 
Roger, who was in peaceable seizin thereof till the said Robert had come by night 
with many armed men and had entered the manor by a homicide and had held it by 
force until dispossessed by the King's lieges, and that the King had then taken the 
manor into his own hand: also that Robert could not claim the benefit of the Dictum, 
because he had entered the manor by force, and the time allowed by the Dictum had 
elapsed. Robert said that the manor was his escheat, and that at the death of Thomas 
he was in prison, but as soon as he was released he had entered the manor as his 
escheat, and without any homicide. Judgment that as Robert was in prison at the 
death of Thomas, the limit of time should not prejudice him, and as he h.id entered 
the manor as his escheat and without a homicide, it was a disseizin rather than any 
transgression against the King's peace, and Robert might therefore claim the benefit of 
the Dictum: but as the manor was his escheat, he ought to have seizin thereof without 
redemption, saving to the King the castle and the mo\ables therein. [Coram Rege, 
Mich., 3-4 Edw. I, roll no. 18, m. 24 d). 

("*) Dated the morrow of St. James 33 Hen. III. [Close Roll, 33 Hen. Ill, 
m. 6 d). 

(e) «■ MccxLix. Robertus de Ferrariis puer ix annorum, filius Willelmi de 
Ferrariis Comitis Derbeie, desponsavit apud Westmonasterium Mariam vii annorum 
puellulam, neptem Regis Henrici, filiam fratris sui Comitis Engolismi et Marchie." 
[Annales de Burton, p. 285). 

26 



202 DERBY 

called Mauilerc, Duke or Count of Brittany. She, who was h. about 
1242, was living ii July I266,(') and d. s.p.m. He ;«., 2ndly, 26 June 
1269, Alianore,('') da. of Sir Humphrey de Bohun (s. and h. ap. of 
Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex), by his ist wife, Alianore, 
4th da. and coh. of Sir William de Braiose, Lord of Totnes, Brecon, 
and Radnor.(') He d. in 1279, and was bur. (most probably) in the 
Priory of St. Thomas at Stafford. C) His widow's dower was ordered to 
be assigned, 27 Apr. 1279.0 ^he d. 20 Feb. 1313/4, and was bur. in 
Walden Abbey. (') 

(») Patent Roll, 50 Hen. Ill, m. 11. She probably d. s.p. It is stated by Ramsay 
{Dawn of the Constitution, p. 338) that she had a da., Elizabeth, who was m. istly to 
John [should be William] Marshal, and 2ndly to David ap Griffith: but the authorities 
he cites (Rishanger, p. 91 ; Trevet, p. 298; Dunstable, p. 298) call her merely 
" filiam Comitis Derbeie," and she must, in fact, have been a sister of the whole blood 
of Earl Robert, and not his da. For William le Mareschal was dead, leaving this 
Elizabeth his widow, in Oct. 1265 {Patent Rolls, 49 Hen. Ill, m. 2 ; 50 Hen. Ill, 
m. 14), when Elizabeth's supposed mother was about 23 years of age. 

(*>) See Ferrers of Chartley. She is usually said to have been "Alianore, da. 
of Ralph, Lord Basset." 

if) For the 4 daughters and coheirs of this William de Braiose, see note suh 
Hereford, Earldom. 

(■*) By his charter, " Robertus de Ferrar' Comes Derb' " gave to the prior and 
convent of St. Thomas the Martyr by Stafford "pro salute anime mee et animabus 
Marie et Alianore uxorum mearum . . . una cum corpore meo cum de me humanitus 
contigerit apud sanctum Thomam sepeliendo duo mesuagia in villa de Certeleye in 
comitatu Staff' cum septemdecim acris terre [et] advocacionem ecclesie de la Stowe 
extra Certeleye." {Inspeximus on Patent Roll, 12 Edw. II, p. 1, m. 12). 

(') Close Roll, 7 Edw. I, m. 8. She sued Edmund, the King's br., for one-third 
of the vills of Tutbury, Rolleston, Marchington, Uttoxeter, i^c, co. Stafford, 
Duffield, Belper, Hulland, Yeldersley, Alderwasley, ^c, co. Derby, and Liverpool, 
West Derby, Crosby, Wa\ertree, Salford, ^c, co. Lancaster, as her dower. Edmund 
denied her right to any such dower, because Robert had not been seized of the said lands 
on the day he married her nor ever afterwards. The Countess said that the King had 
taken these lands into his hand on account of certain transgressions committed by 
Robert, and had granted them to Edmund, who had surrendered them into the hands 
of manucaptors on condition that if Robert did not pay to him, Edmund, ^^50,000 
before the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist 53 Hen. Ill, the lands should be restored 
to Edmund, to hold till the said sum was paid uno et eodem die. " Unde dicit quod die 
quo [Robertus] ipsam desponsavit silicet \sic\ tercio die post festum predicti sancti 
Johannis infra predictam quindenam dum predicte terre fuerunt in manibus predic- 
torum manucaptorum nomine predicti Robert! predictus Robertus habuit liberum 
tenementum et feodum Ita quod ipsam inde dotare potuit." She, in the end, with- 
drew her suit. {De Banco, Mich., 7-8 Edw. I, m. 49). Edmund afterwards gave 
her the manor of Godmanchester, Hunts, for life, 24 May 1 28 1. (Duchy of 
Lancaster, Charters, A, no. 379; Inspeximus on Patent Roll, 9 Edw. I, m. 16). 

(^ "Anno domini 1 313 decimo Icalend. marcii obiit Elionora Comitissa Darby 
cujus corpus juxta magnum altare in parte boreali jacet humatum." {Obituary of 
Walden, late transcript in Arundel MSS., no. 51, f. 17 v). Humphrey de Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford, and Alianora de Ferrariis soror ejus, acknowledged a debt in Jan. 1 289/90. 
{Close Roll, i8Edw. I, ^«. 14 d). 



DERBY 203 

It appears from the foregoing that the confiscation of this earldom was 
effected by making the last possessor contract himself out of the Dictum of 
Kenilworth, the provisions of which may have been unknown to him. No 
attainder nor corruption of the blood was involved, and the late Earl was in a 
position to claim — and recover — in the King's Courts any lands which were 
outside his charter of i May 1269. Moreover, had he at any time, by some 
miracle, been able to pay the ;^50,ooo simul et semel, he would have regained 
the estate of his dignity, and with it, presumably, the dignity itself, which 
must be regarded as having been tacitly attached to the estate. This mere 
inability to discharge a debt to another subject would not be sufficient to 
deprive him, according to any modern doctrine, of his peerage dignity, 
although the existence of an earl, without the estate of an earldom, was not 
conceivable in the thirteenth century. 

About the year 1298 John de Ferrers, s. and h. of the last Earl, 
petitioned the Pope for a dispensation to permit him to borrow money from 
prelates and other spiritual persons, so that he might redeem his lands by 
paying the ;^50,ooo to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, s. and h. of Edmund. (") 
But on 10 Aug. 1301 the King prohibited him, under penalty of forfeiting 
all that he could forfeit, from prosecuting a plea concerning a lay fief in Court 
Christian, and ordered him to cause his plea to be revoked, and to be 
before the King in three weeks from Michaelmas to receive what should be 
just in the matter, as the cognizance of such a plea pertained to the King's 
Court.C') On 2 Dec. following he was ordered to be before the King in 
the octaves of St. Hilary to show cause why he had, against his homage, 
called on the Earl of Lancaster to answer in Court Christian concerning lay 
fiefs in the realm. C") 



On 12 July 1266 the honour of Derby, forfeited by Robert de Ferrers, 
and the honour of Leicester, forfeited by Simon de Montfort, and on 
30 June 1267 the honours of Monmouth and Lancaster, were granted to 
Edmund, the King's younger son. But this Edmund does not appear to 
have used any other title than Earl of Lancaster.(') In charters, indeed, he 
usually styled himself the King's son, or — after the accession of Edward I — 
the King's brother. The seal of his s. and h., Thomas, attached to the 
Barons' Letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1 300/1, bears (or rather, bore) the 
legend s' : thome : comitis : lancastrie : leycestrie : et : ferrariis, the 
last title being equivalent to Earl of Derby.('*) This Earl was beheaded 
22 Mar. 132 1/2, when all his honours hecume forfeued. 



(*) Dugdale, Baronage, p. 265. 

(«>) C/ose Rolls, 29 Edw. I, m. -jA; 30 Edw. I, m. l8d. 

(') He is styled Earl of Leicester (only) on 12 Jan. 1266/7. (Ducliy of Lan- 
caster, Royal Charters, no. 1 08). 

(^) In the De Jntiquis Legibus Liber he is called " Counte de v Countes," the 
five being given in the Chron. de Lanercost as Lancaster, Lincoln, Salisbury, Leicester, 
and Ferrers. Another seal of his (Cotton Charter, xvi, no. 7) has the legend 
siGiLi.vM : THOME : COMITIS : lancastrie : levcestrie : senescalli : anglie. 



204 DERBY 

VII. 1337. I- Henry of Lancaster, s. and h. of Henry, Earl 

OF Lancaster (which last named Henry was 2nd s. but 
eventually h. of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, abovenamed), was b. about 
1299. On 16 Mar. 1336/7 he was cr., by charter, EARL OF DERBY,(^) 
'■^ to hold to him and his heirs." On his father's death, 22 Sep. 1345, he 
became Earl of Lancaster, i^c. He was cr. Earl of Lincoln, 20 Aug. 
1349, and on 6 Mar. 1351/2, Duke of Lancaster. See fuller particulars 
under the latter dignity. He d. s.p.m., 24 Mar. 1360/1, when the Duke- 
dom of Lancaster became extinct, whilst any Barony that may be held to 
have been cr. by the writ of 1299, directed to his father, fell, according to 
modern doctrine, into abeyance. The right of inheritance of the earldoms 
seems at that period to have been held to be in the coheirs, and to have 
followed the partition of the estates appertaining to those dignities. 



VIII.'' 1362. 2? Blanche, 2nd and yst. da. and coh., inherited as 

her share the honour of Derby and the other estates of 
the previous Earls of Derby. By the death s.p., \o Apr. 1362, of her 
elder sister, Maud, Duchess of Bavaria, she became sole h. of her father 
{cr. Earl of Derby to him and his heirs), and possibly was considered to 
be, suo jure. Countess of Derby. She m., 19 May 1359, at the age of 12 
years, John, Earl of Richmond (4th s. of Edward III), who as Earl of 
Lancaster was, 13 Nov. 1362, cr. Duke of Lancaster, and who^. 3 Feb. 
1 398/9. C') See fuller particulars of him under that dignity. He in her 
right styled himself Earl of Derby, i^c. She, who was his ist wife, 
d. 1369. 

IX. 1369 3. Henry, Earl of Derby, s. and h., b. at Boling- 

or broke, 30 May 1366. He was sum. to Pari. 3 Sep. (1385) 

1385 9 Ric. II, as Earl of Derby, and was, 29 Sep. 1397, 

to cr. Duke of Hereford. On his father's death, 3 Feb. 

^399- i39S/9> became Duke of Lancaster, ^c. See fuller 

particulars under that dignity. On 30 Sep. 1399 he sue. 

to the throne as Henry IV, when all his honours became merged in the 

Crown. 



(») For the other creations on this day, see note iub Hugh, Earl of Gloucester 

[1337]- 

C") On 21 July 1 36 1, he styled himself Earl of Richmond, Lancaster, Derby, 
and Lincoln, Steward of England (Patent Roll, t,-] Edw. Ill, j*. 2, m. 31). He was 
similarly styled 6 Oct. 1361 {Idem, 36 Edw. HI, p. i, m. 25), and 14 May 1362 
{Idem, p. I, m. 3). On I Aug. 1 362, after the death of Maud, his wife's elder sister, 
the Earldom of Leicester is added to his titles. [Close Roll, 36 Edw. Ill, m. 18 d). 
Dugdale says that he used the title of Earl of Derby "amongst the rest of his 
great titles, not in respect of any formal creation to that honor, but because he had 
married Blanch " above named. G.E.C. and V.G. 



DERBY 205 

X. 1485. I. Thomas (Stanley), Lord Stanley, ist s. and h. of 

Thomas, Lord Stanley (so cr. by writ dat. 1456), by Joan, 
da. and coh. ofSir Robert Goushill, of Hoveringham, Notts, was i. about 
1435; ■'"^- his father, 20 Feb. 1458/9, being then aged 24, and was sum. 
to Parl.,^) from 30 July (1460) 38 Hen. VI to 9 Dec. (1483) 1 Ric. III. 
He was also Sovereign Lord of the Isle of ManjC") and possessor of the 
large estates at Lathom and Knowsley in the hundred of West Derby, co. 
Lancaster, inherited from the family of Lathom. ('') Knighted 10 July 1460 



(*) There is proof in the rolls of Pari, of his sitting. " Dominus Stanley " sat in 
the Pari, of Coventry 11 Dec. 1459. It is certain that it was his father (who d. 
Feb. 1458/9), not he himself, wiio was the ist Lord, sum. by writ, 15 Jan. (1455/6) 
34 Hen. VI. See Stanley. 

C") The island, with the castle, peel, and lordship, of Man was granted by Henry IV, 
19 Oct. 1399, on the forfeiture of William Lescrope chr. [Earl of Wiltshire], to 
Henry de Percy, Earl of Northumberland, to be held with royal rights. He, how- 
ever, forfeited it some years later. The King then granted it, 6 Apr. 1406, to John 
de Stanley kt., in fee, to be held as before, by homage and by the service of rendering 
two falcons to the King at each coronation. {Patent Rolls, i Hen. IV, />. 5, m. 35 ; 
7 Hen. IV, p. 2, m. 17). (G. W. Watson). In the Stanley family it, together 
with some 170,000 acres, remained till 1736, when it passed through an heiress 
to the family of Murray, Dukes of Atholl [S.]. See 3.\sopoit, p. 213, note "c." 

if) The well-known Stanley crest of " the Eagle and Child" is derived from the 
Lathoms : the connection of the families is as follows (Palatinate of Lancaster, 
Inq. p. 711., Chancery Rolls, and Privy Seals) : — 

Robert de Latham of Lathom : = Kathcrine, heiress of 



tJ. on or just before 2 Mar. 1324/5 
{Esr/!. Enr. Accounts, no. I, w. I 2 d). 



Knowsley. 



Thomas, of Lathom: .igcd 24 and = Alianore, da. of 
more in 1325: </. 17 Sep. 1370. John de Ferrers. 



Hugh. Philip. 



. i 

=Thomas, of Lathom: d. before 20 Mar. =j= Joan. = 

1 38 1/2 (the Sir Oskcll of the Stanley 
legend). I 



: Roger de Fasacrelegh (2nd 
husband). 



Thomas, of Lathom:: 
d 5 Nov. 1383 (the 
Sir Oskatel of the 
Irlam legend). 











Isabel, da. of=John de 
Roger de Pil- Dalton 
kington. (2nd hus- 
band). 


.i.u 


=John de 
Stanley. 


Edward: living 
25 Feb. 
1379/80. 



b. Feb. 1383/4: d. before 5 Dec. I 391. 



There are two distinct versions of a legend accounting for the crest. One, given by 
Bishop Stanley {d. 1568), describes the lord of Lathom, issueless and aged "fower 
score," as adopting an infant "swaddled and clad in a mantle of redd," which an 
eagle had brought unhurt to her nest in Terlestowe wood, and which he names 
Oskell, and makes heir to Lathom : Oskell becomes father of Isabel Stanley. The 



2o6 DERBY 

by Henry VI, to whom, in 1454, he had been Esquire of the Body; Chief 
Justice of Chester; was P.C. and Steward of the Household to Edward IV 
and Richard III 1471-85; was present at the Coronation of Richard III;(*) 
K.G. I483;('') Constable of England for life 16 Dec. 1483, with the fee of 
;£ioo a year, granted by Richard III, whose cause he skilfully betrayed at 
the battle of Bosworth, 22 Aug. 1485, where he is said to have set that King's 
crown on the head of the victorious Henry.('=) Chief Steward of the Duchy 
of Lancaster (Northern parts) 1485 till his death. He was cr. by charter, 2 7 Oct. 
I485,('^) EARL OF DERBY,(') and made one of the Commissioners for the 

other version (Seacome, House of Stanley, p. 25), derived from the Lathoms of Irlam, 
states that Sir Thomas de Lathom had a da. Isabel by his wife, and an illegitimate son, 
who was brought to his wife's notice as found under a tree near an eagle's aery, and 
adopted under the name of Oskatel, but discarded before the death of Sir Thomas, the 
manor of Irlam, &c., having been settled on him, the bulk of the estates descending 
to Isabel Stanley: that Sir Thomas had assumed for his crest "an Eagle on wing, 
turning her head back and looking in a sprightly manner as for something she had 
lost," but that, on the disowning, the Stanleys, "either to distinguish or aggrandise 
themselves, or in contempt and derision, took upon them the Eagle and Child." These 
explanations are clumsy fabrications of a common sort. Ormerod has shown that the 
crest was used by the Hugh and Philip de Lathom abovenamed, and by Philip's 
descendants, and although Dugdale states that the oak the eagle built in stood in 
Lathom Park, Ormerod well remarks that the legend may be more safely referred to 
ancestral Northmen, with its scene in the pine-forests of Scandinavia. See Ormerod, 
in Co//. Top. et Gen., vol. vii, pp. 4-8, and the same writer's Parenta/ia, pp. 63-75. 
(G. W. Watson). 

(*) See a list of the 35 Peers present at the Coronation, 6 July 1483, of 
Richard III, ante, p. 19, note " f." 

C") For an account of the robes given to him and other Knights of the Garter 
by the King in 1489, see vol. ii, p. 545, note " b." V.G. 

(') His br.. Sir William Stanley, K.G., who took an equal part with himself in 
the battle of Bosworth, was executed 16 Feb. 1494/5, for the Perkin Warbeck plot. 
See an interesting note as to him in Walpole's Historic Doubts, ist edit., p. 87. See 
also sub viii Lord Lovel of Titchmarsh, and sub John, Lord Tibetot [1443]. 

(^) On 6 Oct. 1485 he is called the King's "right entierly beloved fader." 
Shrewsbury, Derby and Huntingdon, and possibly Pembroke, are called "the Catskin 
Earls." These four are the on/y Earldoms now remaining prior to those of the 
17th century, save such as (like Arundel, Rutland, Wiltshire, ^c.) are merged in 
higher titles, and save also the anomalous Earldom of Devon (1553-56), resuscitated 
in 1 831. See as to the term " Catskin," sub Huntingdon. G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*) There can be no doubt that he was made Earl of t/ie county of Derby, and the 
fact seems never to have been questioned till of late years. Courthope (in a MS. 
note to this title) states that having inspected the Charter Roll of i Hen. VII he finds 
that " although there are no words in the charter stating that he was made Earl of the 
county of Derby, there is the usual clause directing the payment of ^^20 per annum 
by the Sheriff of Derby and Notts, out of the profits of those counties." It is, however, 
a curious coincidence that the estates of the family were chiefly in the Imndred of West 
Derby, co. Lancaster, while they appear to have had no land and no connection with 
the county of Derby. In one of the Registers (Class xi) of the Duchy of Lancaster 
(vol. xxi, f. 25) is a patent under the seal of the Duchy, reciting the grant of the 



DERBY 207 

office of Lord High Steward at the Coronation of the King and his Consort. 
Reappointed Constable of England 5 Mar. 1485/6. He was godfather (i486) 
to Prince Arthur, the King's eldest son. On 24 June 1495, he received 
a visit lasting nearly a month, trom the King and Queen, at Knowsley and 
at Lathom. He m., istly, apparently after 10 May 1457,0 Eleanor, sister 
of Richard, Earl of Warwick, (the celebrated King Maker), 4th da. of 
Richard (Neville), Earl of Salisbury, by Alice, da. and h. of Thomas 
(Montagu), Earl of Salisbury. She was bur. at St. James's, (iarlick- 
hithe, London. He ?«., 2ndly, in 1482 (before Nov.), Margaret, widow of 
Sir Henry Stafford,('') and before that of Edmund (Tudor), Earl of 
Richmond, da. and h. of John (Beaufort), Duke of Somerset, by Margaret, 
da. of John (Beauchamp), Lord Beauchamp (of BIctsoe). He d. 29 July 
I 504, at Lathom, aged about 69, and was bur. with his ancestors at Burscough 
Priory, co. Lancaster. Will dat. 28 July, pr. 9 Nov. 1 504. His widow, who 
was b. 3 I May 1443, at Bletsoe, was the well-known founder of Christ's and 
St. John's Colleges, Cambridge. (See fuller account of her sub Richmond). 
She J. 29 June 1509 (three months after the death of her son, Henry VII), 
in her 67th year, and was bur. in Westm. Abbey. Will, as "Countess of 
Richmond and Derby," pr. 17 Oct. 15 12. 

[George Stanley, styled (after 1485) Lord Stanley, but who in 1482 
became Lord Strange, s. and h. ap., by ist wife, b. about 1460; K.B. 
18 Apr. 1475; Constable of Pontefract Castle 21 Sep. 1485; Constable of 

Earldom (27 Oct. i Hen. VII), "pro diversis obsequiis suis impensis in Comitem 
Derb' ereximus . . . Ac nomen . . . Comitis Derb' eidem dedimus . . . et viginti 
libras habendas . . . de firmis exitibus . . . de Com' Notingham et Derb' pro- 
venientibus," and, reciting a release of the said pension, the King grants a new 
pension of ;{^40, " de manerio sive dominio nostro de Derb' in Com' Lancastr' sol vend'." 
The date is the last day of Feb. [1487/8] 3 Hen. VII. {fx inform. W. H. W. Bird). 
It appears to have been the custom, till the I 8th century, on the grant of an Earl- 
dom or any higher dignity, to take the name of some county, city, or principal 
town, if possible one connected with the grantee. However, it would seem the 
title of Bristol v/Tii in 1698 conferred on Digby and again in 1714 on Hervey; that 
oi Buckingham in 1702 on Sheffield and again in 1736 on Hobart; that of Cardigan 
in 1661 on Brudenell; of Carmarthen in 1689 on Osborne; of Carnarvon in 1628 
on Dormer, in I 7 14 on Brydges, and in 1793 on Herbert; that of Chichester in 1644 
on Leigh and in 1675 on Fitzroy; that of Derby in 1485 on Stanley; of Devon in 
1 6 1 8 on Cavendish (a family that had estates in almost every part of England except the 
West); that of Dorset in 1603 on Sackville; of Dover in 1627 on Carey, in 1685 [as a 
Barony] on Jermyn, and in I 708 on Douglas. Most of these families had apparently 
little or no connection with the place from which the title was taken, or even with any 
family that previously held such title. 

(') She is named as a legatee in her father's will of that date without any indication 
that she was then married, though her married sister is spoken of therein as Countess 
of Arundel. V.G. 

C') The remarks of Vincent on Brooke (who had denied this match with Stafford) 
are worth reading for their extreme pungency. 



2o8 DERBY 

Knaresborough Castle 3 Oct. 1485; Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster North of Trent i Oct. i486. In consequence of his marriage he 
was sum. to Pari, from 15 Nov. (1482) 22 Edw. IV to 26 Jan. (1496/7) 
12 Hen. VII, by writs directed Georgia Stanley de la Strange, whereby he 
became LORD STRANGE.(') He was in hostage to King Richard III, 
and ran great risk of his life through his father's treachery to that King. 
By Henry VII he was made Constable of Wicklow Castle Feb. 1485/6; 
K.G. in May 1487; and P.C. He m., before 26 Feb. 148 1, Joan, only 
da. and h. of John (le Strange), Lord Strange (of Knokin), by Jacquette 
(sister of Elizabeth, Queen Consort of Edward IV), da. of Richard (Wid- 
ville), Earl Rivers, which Joan, on her father's death, 1 5 Oct. 1477, became 
suojure Baroness Strange (of Knokin), and Mohun (of Dunster). He 
d. v.p., 4 or 5 Dec. 1503, aged about 43 (being said to have been poisoned 
at a banquet),('') at Derby House,('=) St. Paul's Wharf, London, and was bur. 
(with his mother) at St. James's, Garlickhithe. His widow d. 20 Mar. 
1 5 13/4, "in an inner high chamber" at Colham Green, Midx. Will dat. 
6 July I5i3,('') pr- 3 May 15 14. Inq. p. m. at Yeovil, Somerset, 26 Oct. 
1514.] 

XI. 1504. 2. Thomas (Stanley), Earl of Derby, <yc., grandson 

and h., being s. and h. of George (Stanley), Lord 
Strange (of Knokin) and Joan his wife, abovenamed. He was b. before 
1485; K.B. 31 Oct. 1494; had spec. lie. of entry, without proof of age and 
without livery, upon all the lands of his inheritance, 15 Mar. (1503/4) 
19 Hen. VII. (') On 20 Mar. 151 3/4 (some 10 years after he had 
sue. to the Earldom, i^c), he sue. his mother as Lord Strange (of 
Knokin), and Mohun (of Dunster), and had livery of her lands 28 Nov. 
1 5 14. He attended King Henry VIII in the French expedition in 1513, 
was at the battle of Spurs 18 Aug. 15 13, and attended the Emperor 
Charles V at Dover in 1 520; P.C. 1 520; admitted Gray's Inn 1 520. He was 

(*) There is proof in the rolls of Pari, of his sitting. 

('') (Slew's Annals, p. 484). He was present at a chapter of the Order of the 
Garter, 7 May 1503, but at the next recorded meeting, 5 May 1504, a mass for the 
dead was celebrated for him, and his banner, sword, and helmet were presented at the 
altar. (Black Book, as in Anstis's Register of the Garter, vol. i, pp. 241-246). Anstis 
calls attention to the wrong date given for his death, Dec. 1497, which has been 
adopted in Weaver's Fun. Mon., Diet. Nat. Biog. (referring to Seacome's Memoirs of 
the House of Stanley), and elsewhere. It may have originated with the metrical 
chronicle of the House of Stanley, written about 1562, by Stanley, Bishop of Sodor and 
Man. V.G. 

('=)This house was exchanged in 1552 by his grandson, the 3rd Earl, for Crown 
lands near Knowsley, and was granted by Queen Mary to the College of Heralds, 
the present (19 15) College being built after the Fire of London on the same site. 

{^) Particulars of a nuncupative will said to have been made on her death-bed 
in favour of Sir William Compton are given in the Patent Roll, 6 Hen. VIII, p. 2, 
m. 17. V.G. 

(<^) Duchy of Lane. Records, class xi, reg. 21, f. 40. V.G. 



DERBY 209 

(a few weeks before his death) one of the peers on the trial of the Duke of 
Buckingham 13 May 1521. He m., before I503,(*) Anne, sister of 
George, ist Earl of Huntingdon, da. of Edwarti (Hastings), Lord 
HuNGKRFORD AND Hastings, by Mary, da. and h. of Thomas (Hunger- 
ford), Lord Hungerford. He J. 23 May 1 52 1 , at Colham Green, Midx., 
and was iiur. at Syon Monastery in that county. Will as " Earl of Derby 
and Lord Stanley" without date, pr. 27 June 1524 and 4 May 1583. 
Jn/^. p. m. 28 Jan., 9, 13 May, 24 Oct. 1522, and 15 Sep. I523.('') His 
widow d. at Colham Green, and was ^ur. 17 Nov. 1550. Will dat. 6 Sep. 
1550, pr. 3 Mar. 1550/1. 



XII. I 52 I. 3. Edward (Stanley), Earl of Derby, i^c., 2nd but 

1st surv. s. and h.,('^) /?. 10 May 1509; probably styled 
Lord Strange till 1521; had spec. lie. of entry, without proof of age and 
without livery, upon all the lands of his inheritance, 29 Jan. (i 530/1) 
22 Hen. Vni;('') was one of the Peers who petitioned the Pope to grant 
the King's divorce in 1532; K.B. 30 May 1533, and Cupbearer at the 
Coronation of Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort, the following day; nom. 
K.G. 17 Feb. 1546/7, inst. 23 May 1547, having been Bearer of the 
Curtana at the Coronation of Edward VI on 20 Feb.; Lord Lieut, of co. 
Lancaster 1552 till his death. Although, probably, it was only by accident 
that he was not amongst those who signed the document setting aside the 
succession of Mary to the Crown,(') he was, undoubtedly, one of the 



C) In which year their 1st s., John, was hur. at St. James's, Garlickhithe. 

('') By this inquisition it appears " that by charter 8 Hen. VIII he had the 
following titles : Thomas, Earl of Derby, Viscount Kynton, Lord Stanley and 
Strange, Lord of Knokyn, Mohun, Bassett, Burnal and Lacy, Lord of Man and the 
Isles." With respect to the Baronies of Bassett, Burnal, and Lacy, these were assump- 
tions, as was the " Viscountcy of Kynton." Kinton, like Knokin, is in Oswestry 
hundred, Salop, and formed part of the possessions of the Strange family in that 
district. " Lord of Knockyn " represents the barony of Strange (of Knokin), which, 
with the Barony of Mohun (of Dunster), he inherited from his mother. On 24 Jan. 
1 521 he signs himself "Derby and Stanley." {Letten and Papers, Henry Fill, 
vol. iii, part 2, p. 823. On the next page a portion of his will is given, the rest being 
illegible from mutilation). G.E.C. and V.G. 

("=) His yr. br., Sir James Stanley, was ancestor of the Stanleys, Baronets (so cr. 
1628) of Bickerstaffe, of whom Sir Edward, the 5th Bart., sui. in 1736 as Earl of 
Derby. 

C^) Duchy of Lane. Records, class xi, reg. 22, f. iigd. V.G. 

(') Among the signatories of the letters patent, 16 June 1553, whereby 
Edward VI settled the Crown on Lady Jane Grey " of all whose support would be 
useful, of all whose opposition had to be dreaded. Lord William Howard and Lord 
Derby alone were absent, and Lord Derby was represented by his son." See Froude's 
Edward FI, p. 507, where an excellent "analysis of the signatures " [though as to the 
peerage part thereof not entirely accurate] is given. No less than 26 Peers affixed 
their names to this settlement. These were two Dukes, viz. Northumberland (Grand 

27 



2IO DERBY 

earliest and most constant supporters of that Queen; P.C. 17 Aug. 1553; 
Lord High Steward and Bearer of the Curtana at the Coronation of Queen 
Mary i Oct. 1553; one of the Commissioners for the trial of Lady Jane 
Grey, 11 Nov. 1553; Vice Adm. of cos. Lancaster and Chester 1553-69; 
one of the attendants on Philip, Prince of Spain, at his landing 19 July 1554. 
On the accession of Queen Elizabeth he was again made P.C. 24 Nov. 1558; 
Chamberlain of the co. of Chester for life 26 Apr. 15590 to 1565, and 
Lord Lieut, co. Chester i 569 till his death ;('') admitted to Gray's Inn 28 Jan. 
i56i/2.('') He tn., istly, shortly before 2i Feb. 1529/30, when he had 
pardon for marrying without lic.,^) Dorothy, da. of Thomas (Howard), 
2nd Duke of Norfolk, by his 2nd wife, Agnes, da. of Hugh Tilney, of 
Boston, CO. Lincoln. (') He m., 2ndly, Margaret, da. of Ellis Barlow, of 
Barlow, co. Lancaster, by Anne, da. of Oates Reddish, of Reddish, co. 
Lancaster. She d. 19 Jan., and was bur. 24 Feb. iSS^l9i ^■'^^ great 
solemnity, at Ormskirk. He m., 3rdly, before i Jan. 1 561/2, Mary, da. 
of Sir George Cotton, of Combermere, co. Chester, by Mary, da. of John 
Onley, of Catesby, Northants. He d., at Lathom House, 24 Oct., and 

Master of the Household) and Suffolk; two Marquesses, viz. Northampton and 
Winchester (Lord Treasurer); nine Earls, viz. Arundel, Bedford (Lord Privy Seal), 
Huntingdon, Oxford, Pembroke, Shrewsbury, Warwick (eldest son of the Duke of 
Northumberland), Westmorland, and Worcester; besides thirteen Barons, viz. Aber- 
gavenny, Bray, Clinton, Cobham, Darcy, Grey of Wilton, Paget, Rich, Russell (eldest 
son of the Earl of Bedford), Talbot (eldest son of the Earl of Shrewsbury), Wentworth, 
Willoughby of Parham, and Windsor. The Earls of Bath, Derby, and Sussex were 
represented by their respective eldest sons, viz. John Bourchier sty/ed Lord Fitz- 
warine, Henry Stanley styled Lord Strange, and Thomas RatclifFe sty/ed Lord Fitz- 
walter. John Paulet styled Lord St. John (s. and h. ap. of the Marquess of Win- 
chester), Lord Thomas Grey (br. to the Duke of Suffolk), and Gerald Fitzgerald, 
the attainted Earl of Kildare [I.], were also signatories, as were the Archbishop 
(Cranmer) of Canterbury, Bishop (Goodrich) of Ely (then Lord Chancellor), and Bishop 
(Ridley) of London. There were, besides, the three Secretaries of State (Petre, Cecil, 
and Cheke), seven Judges, six Privy Councillors, the Lord Mayor and six Aldermen, b'c. 

(») Recog. Rolls of Chester, 1-2 Eliz. m. 1. V.G. 

('') His hospitality was unbounded. Camden, in his Annals of Elizabeth, says 
that " with Edward, Earl of Derby's death, the glory of hospitality seemed to fall 
asleep." Howard Evans, in his Our Old Nobility, writes, " His household expenses are 
said to have amounted to ^^4,000 per annum. His political career was, however, 
most inglorious; under Edward VI he acted as a Commissioner for the advancement 
of the Reformation; under Mary he delivered Protestants to be burnt at the stake; 
under Elizabeth he hunted Catholics to the death. Thus he contrived to keep all he 
had and to acquire still more." The Stanley motto, " Sans changer,^' was as inappro- 
priate to him as to his ancestor, the ist Earl of Derby. 

(■=) His name is incorrectly given in the roll of the Society as " Henry," but the 
entry must refer to him, for his son was admitted four days before as " Henry Stanley 
Lord Strange." V.G. 

(d) Patent Roll. V.G. 

(') All four of his daughters by his ist wife married peers, viz. Anne m. 
Lord Stourton; Jane tn. Lord Dudley; Mary m. Lord Stafford; and Elizabeth m. 
Lord Morley. V.G. 



DERBY 211 

was bur. 4 Dec. 1572, with great state,('') in the church at Ormskirk, 
aged 63. Fun. cert, at Coll. of Arms. Will dat. 28 Aug., pr. 2 i Nov. 1572. 
His widow /». Henry (Grey), 6th Earl of Kent, who J. i Jan. 1614/5. 
She d. s.p., 16 Nov. 1580. 



XIII. 1572. 4. Henry (Stanley), Earl OF Derby, &'c., s. and h. 

by 1st wife, b. Sep., and bap. 4 Oct. 1531, styki^ Lord 
Strange till 1559, and, as such, was one of the 40 Knights (K.B's) 
20 Feb. 1 546/7, C") at the Coronation of Edward VI, to whom he was Gent, 
of the Privy Chamber, as he was also, July 1554, to King Philip. He was 
sum. to Pari., v.p., in his father's Barony, as LORD STRANGE, from 
23 Jan. (1558/9) I Eliz. to 8 Feb. (1575/6) 18 Eliz.;(') admitted to Gray's 
Inn 24 Jan. 1 56 1/2 ; was ^r. M. A. of Oxford 6 Sep. 1566. He jkc. his father 
in 1572 as Lord Lieut, of cos. Lancaster and Chester, which office he held 
till his death; Vice Adm. of cos. Lancaster and Chester 1573-87; nom. 
K.G. 24 Apr. and inst. 30 May 1574; Ambassador Extraordinary 
to France for the investiture (at Paris, 18 Feb. 1584/5) of Henri III with 
the order of the Garter;('^) P.C. 20 May 1585; Steward of the Household 
1588. He was also in Oct. 1586 one of the Commissioners for the trial 
of the Queen of Scots,(*) and 14 Apr. 1589 was Lord High Steward 
for the trial of the Earl of Arundel. Chamberlain of Chester 1588-93. He 
m., 7 Feb. 1555, in the Royal Chapel, Whitehall, Margaret,(*) ist da. of 
Henry (Clifford), 2nd Earl of Cumberland, and the only child that 
survived infancy of (his ist wife) Eleanor, da. of Charles (Brandon), Duke 

(") A full account of the ceremony is printed in Col/ins, vol. iii, pp. 72-78. 

C*) These were so dubbed "in lieu of the Bath, which then could not be 
performed according to all ceremonies thereto belonging, the time for that purpose 
being too short." See Metcalfe's Book of Knights, p. 85. 

(') For a list of heirs ap. of peers sum. v.p. in one of their fathers' baronies, see 
vol. i, Appendix G. V.G. 

C) See an account of these special Garter missions in vol. ii. Appendix B. 

(') The 24 noblemen who were on the Commission for the trial of the Queen 
of Scots at Fotheringhay, 6 Oct. 1586, were nine Earls, vix. Oxford, Kent, Derby, 
Worcester, Rutland, Cumberland, Warwick, Pembroke, and Lincoln; one Viscount, 
vix. Montagu, and fourteen Barons, vix. Abergavenny, Zouche, Morley, Stafford, 
Grey of Wilton, Lumley, Stourton, Sandys, Wentworth, Mordaunt, St. John of 
Bletso, Burghley (the Lord Treasurer), Compton, and Cheyney. Besides these, there 
was the Lord Chancellor (Sir Christopher Hatton), and " the Privy Councillors 
Hatton, Walsingham, Crofts, Sadleir (who had held Mary Stuart in his arms when 
she was a baby), Mildmay, and Sir Amyas Paulet," as also the two Chief Justices 
(Wray and Anderson), the Chief Baron (Manwood), and four other Judges. See 
Froude's Elixaheth, vol. vi, p. 281. 

(') This Margaret was looked upon {circa 1557) by many Englishmen as the 
legal heir presumptive of the Crown. See Cal. of State Papers, Venetian, ed. by R. 
Brown, p. 107. G.E.C. On this account, she was an object of suspicion to the 
Queen, and in May i 580 was under restraint. Camden says that she had " a womanish 
curiosity" in prying into the future, " consulting with wizards." V.G. 



212 DERBY 

OF Suffolk., which Eleanor was 2nd and yst. da. and coh. of her mother, 
Mary (Tudor), da. of Henry VII. He d. at Lathom, 25 Sep., and 
was bur. 4 Dec. 1593, at Ormskirk, aged 62. Will dat. 21 and 22 Sep. 
1593, pr. 17 Oct. 1594. His widow d. in Cleveland Row, Midx., 29 Sep., 
and was bur. 22 Oct. 1596, in Westm. Abbey. Will dat. 7 Aug. 
and 18 and 20 Sep., pr. 12 and 15 Nov. 1596. Inq. p. m. 30 Mar. 
39 Eliz. 

XIV. 1593. 5- Ferdinando (Stanley), Earl of Derby, Lord 

Strange (of Knokin), and Lord Mohun (of Dunster) 
[1299], Lord Stanley [1456], and Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man, 
2nd but 1st surv.(*) s. and h., b. in London about 1559, and styled Lord 
Strange from 1 572. Matric. at Oxford (St. John's Coll.) 1 572, C") aged 12. 
He was sum. to Pari, v.p.^ in his father's Barony of Strange from 28 Jan. 
(1588/9) 31 Eliz. to 19 Feb. (1592/3) 35 Eliz., by writs directed Fi?r^/«rfW6i 
D'no Straunge, and was present in the Pari, of 1 589; was cr. M.A. of Oxford 
17 Sep. 1589. He sue. his father in 1594 as Lord Lieut, cos. Lancaster 
and Chester, and was also Vice Adm. of these cos. Having rejected a 
treasonable project to assume the Crown in right of his grandmother, 
Eleanor Brandon,('=) and caused one Hesketh, who (on behalf of the 
Jesuits and others) had suggested that assumption, to be arrested, he was 
generally supposed to have been poisoned ('') in revenge. He »?., shortly 
before 1580, Alice, da. of Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe, Northants, by 
Katherine, da. of Sir Thomas Kitson, of Hengrave, Suffolk. He d. (as 
afsd.) s.p.m., 16 Apr., and was bur. 6 May 1594, at Ormskirk,(') aged 
about 35, when the Baronies of Strange of Knokin, Mohun of Dunster, 
and Stanley, fell into abeyance between his three daughters and coheirs. (') 

(*) His elder br., Edward, d. young. V.G. 

C") The three brothers, Ferdinando Strange [j/V], London, aged I2; William 
Stanley, London, aged 1 1 ; and Francis Stanley, Herts, aged 10, matriculated together 
at Oxford (St. John's Coll.) in 1572. 

("=) His mother's mother. See text above, and note "f" on preceding page. 

(^) The story is told in full in Camden's Annals, sub 1594, and reproduced in 
Collins, vol. iii, p. 8l. A Dr Hackett was tortured, and hanged as a wizard, for 
having caused his sufferings and death, by making a waxen image of him and sticking 
pins into it, V.G. 

(•) He was a poet, and is noticed in Park's Royal and Noble Authors, vol. ii, p. 45. 
Spenser thus refers to him in " Colin Clout " — 

" He whilst he lived was the noblest swain 
That ever piped on an oaten quill; 
Both did he other, which could pipe, maintain 
And eke could pipe himself with passing skill." 
His portrait is thus described — "The build is light, the complexion fair and the hair 
dark brown, the beard peaked, and like the moustache sandy. The eyes are blue. 
The expression is singularly amiable and intelligent." V.G. 

(') These were (i) Anne, h. 1580, m., istly, Grey (Brydges), Baron Chandos, 
and 2ndly, 1624, the notorious Earl of Castlehaven [I.], who was beheaded 1631; (2) 



DERBY 213 

Will dat. 12 Apr. pr. 12 Oct. 1594. Inq. p. m. 18 June, i Aug., 24 
Sep. and 6 Oct. 37 Eliz. His widow w., 20 Oct. 1600, as his 3rd wife, 
Thomas (Egerton), ist Viscount Brackley (better known as Lord 
Chancellor Ellesmere), who d. 15 Mar. 161 6/7, in his 77th year.(") She 
J. at Hareheld, Midx., 23, and was bur. there 28 Jan. 1636/7, aged about 
81. Will pr. 4 May 1637. 

XV. 1594. 6. William (Stanley), Earl OF Derby,('') br. and h. 

male, who, as h. male of the body of the grantee, inherited 
the Earldom though not the other honours of the family. He was b. in 
Cannon Row, Westm., about 1561; matric. at Oxford (St. John's Coll.) 
in 1572,0 aged 11; admitted Line. Inn 13 Aug. 1594; nom. K.G. 
23 Apr. and inst. 26 May 1601; Chamberlain of the co. Palatine of 
Chester, 30 Oct. i6o3('') to 1620, and jointly, with his son James, 
1626-42. Lord Lieut, cos. Lancaster and Chester 1607-26, and Joint 
Lord Lieut, thereof (with his said son) 1626-42. Having purciiased 
the rights of his nieces therein, the Lordship or Admiralty of the Isle of 
Man was confirmed to him 7 July (1609) 7 Jac. I, and ratified by Act of 
Parliament.^) Vice Adm. of cos. Lancaster and Chester 1619-38. He 
m., 26 June 1594,0 at Greenwich, Elizabeth, sister (of the half blood) 
and coh. of Henry, i8th Earl of Oxford, ist da. of Edward (de Vere), 

Frances, Countess of Bridgwater, and (3) Elizabeth, Countess of Huntingdon. The 
representation of Lady Chandos is very obscure, which is remarkable, inasmuch as if 
Edward Seymour, Lord Beauchamp (son of Lady Katherine Grey by Edward, Earl 
of Hertford) be considered (which he frequently was) illegitimate, the Crown would 
have vested in her issue after the death of Queen Elizabeth under the will of Henry VIII 
(made in accordance with Act of Pari.), which excluded the Scottish line. The 
most accurate account of this issue is in Long's Royal Descents, 1845, p. 3. See also 
N. and Q., 5th Ser., vol. xii, pp. 238, 195, ^c, referring to the account (by Sir 
Egerton Brydges) in the Gent. Mag. which, however, is far from accurate. 

(•) The manors of Brackley and Halse, Northants, were granted in 1488 to 
George (Stanley), Lord Strange of Knokin, father of the 2nd Earl of Derby and great- 
grandfather of the 5th Earl, to whose 2nd da. and coh., Frances, they were assigned 
as her portion. Her husband, John (Egerton), 2nd Viscount Brackley and ist Earl 
of Bridgwater (see note "f" on preceding page) was s. and h. male of the ist 
Viscount (the well-known Lord Chancellor Ellesmere), who doubtless took the title 
of Braci/ey when cr. a Viscount (in 1 61 6) in honour of his said son's estate, and who 
himself was (see text) 2nd husband of the Dowager Countess of Derby, mother of 
the wife of his said son. See Baker's Northamptonshire, vol. i, p. 564. 

(*>) For instances of Earldoms held without Baronies see vol. vii. Appendix G. 

(') See note " b " on preceding page. 

("») Recog. Rolls of Chester, T-Z Jac. I, m. 1. V.G. 

(') The right thereto was held by the Council to be in the Crown; the Stanley 
family having no right therein inasmuch as the grant by Henry IV was made to them 
before the Percy estates, of which this was part, had legally lapsed to the Crown by 
the forfeiture of the Percy family. See ante, p. 205, note " b." 

24 June 1594 and 24 Jan. 1594/5 are also given as the date; see A^ and Q., 
8th Ser., vol. vii, p. 427. V.G. 



214 DERBY 

17th Earl of Oxford, by his ist wife, Anne, da. of William (Cecil), ist 
Baron Burghley. She, who was b. 2, and bap. 10 July 1 575, at Theobalds, 
d. at Richmond, Surrey, 10, and was bur. 11 Mar. 1626/7, in Westm. 
Abbey, aged 51. Will dat. 19 Feb, 1626, pr. 19 Feb. 1649/50. He </. 
29 Sep. 1642, and was bur. at Ormskiric, aged about 65. 



XVI. 1642. 7. James (Stanley), Earl of Derby, s. and h., b. 

31 Jan. 1607, at Knowsley, co. Lancaster; M.P. for 
Liverpool 1625; K.B., under the designation of Lord StrangEjC) 2 Feb. 
1625/6, at the Coronation; Joint Lord Lieut, (with his father) cos. 
Lancaster and Chester, and Joint Chamberlain of Chester 1626-42, 
becoming sole Lord Lieut, and sole Chamberlain 1 642-47. He was sum. 
to Pari, v.p., as LORD STRANGE, from 7 Mar. (1627/8) 3 Car. I to 
3 Nov. (1639) '5 C^'"* ^> by writs directed Jacobo Stanley de Strange, Chl'ry(^) 
under the erroneous belief that the Barony of Strange of Knokin [1299] 
was vested in his father, and was placed in the precedency (") of that 
ancient Barony. In 1642 he was one of the first to join the King at York, 
and, being that year Lord Lieut, of North Wales as well as of Cheshire 
and Lancashire, had intended to set up the Royal Standard (afterwards 
erected at Nottingham) in those parts. He subsequently removed to the 
Isle of Man to secure that place, while his wife sustained the celebrated 
siege (raised 27 May 1644) of Lathom House. ('^) He was nom. K.G. 
(at Jersey) 12 Jan. i649/50,(*) but never installed. He w., 26 June 1626, 
Charlotte,^) da. of Claude de la Tremoille, Duke of Thouars, in 
France, by Charlotte Brabantine, da. of William of Nassau, Prince of 
Orange, and Charlotte of Bourbon his 3rd wife. Taking part in the rising 
on behalf of the young king, he was severely wounded, 26 Aug. 1651, at 
the fight in Wigan lane, and taken prisoner after the battle of Worcester, 
3 Sep. 1 65 1, and beheaded (pursuant to a Court Martial of the Pari, army) 

(*) This was under the (erroneous) impression that the Barony of Strange [1299] 
was vested in his father. See, however, the coheirs thereof, ante, p. 212, note " f." 

(") For a Ust of heirs ap. of peers sum. to Pari, v.p., see vol. i. Appendix G. 

(•=) See an account of precedence erroneously allowed to this and other Baronies 
(Clifford and Percy) cr. by writs issued in inadvertence, vol. i, Appendix D. 

(■*) A second siege thereof lasted nearly two years. It is said to have cost the 
enemy no less than 6,000 men. See Dugdale, where a very full account is given of 
the Earl and his wife, and see also Collins for a different but still more elaborate 
account (vol. iii, pp. 83-93), where the Earl's defiant letter to Cromwell, 12 July 1649, 
refusing to surrender the Isle of Man, is given in full. 

(') The riband and George were sent to him in the Isle of Man. 

(') She is a prominent character in Sir Walter Scott's Peveril of the Peak. An 
interesting portrait of her by Paul van Somer belongs to the Marquess of Lothian. 
"The Duchess of Tremouille is come with her daughter, who is lately married to 
my Lord Strange, and hath brought him down upon the nail a portion of ^24,000, 
he making her but j^i2,ooo a year jointure." (Mr. Pory to the Rev. Jos. Mead, 
I July 1646). V.G. 



DERBY 2IS 

15 Oct. 1 65 1, at Bolton, co. Lancaster.(*) He was hur. at Ormskirk, 
aged 44. Admon. May 1662. His widow who had letters of denization, 
Sep. i626,('') d. 21 Mar. 1663/4, at Chester, and was bur. at Ormskirk. 
Will pr. 1664. 

XVII. 1651. 8. Charles (Stanley), Earl of Derby [1485] and 

Lord Strange [1628], s. and h., b. 19 Jan. 1628; styled 
Lord Strange till 1651. He joined in Booth's rising in Aug. 1659 on 
behalf of the King; Lord Lieut, cos. Lancaster and Chester 1660-72 ; Joint 
Chamberlain ot Chester tor lite with his son William, in survivorship, 
15 Aug. i66o('^) to 1672; bearer of the third Sword at the Coronation 
23 Apr. 1661; Vice Adm. of cos. Lancaster and Chester 1661-72. He w., 
1650, Dorothea Helena (Maid of Honour to the Queen of Bohemia), da. 
of Jan VAN DEN Kerckhove, Lord of Heenvliet in Zealand, by Catherine, 
suo jure Countess of Chesterfield. He d. "of a dropsie," 21 Dec. 1672, 
and was bur. 29 Jan. 1672/3, at Ormskirk, aged 45. Admon. as late of 
Knowsley, co. Lancaster, 3 Oct. 1674. His widow, who was naturalized 
by Act of Pari., 13 Sep. 1660, d. 6, and was bur. 16 Apr. 1703, at 
Ormskirk. 

XVIII. 1672. 9. William George Richard ('^) (Stanley), Earl of 

Derby [1485] and Lord Strange [1628], s. and h., b. 
about 1655, styled Lord Strange till 1672; Vice Adm. of cos. Lancaster 
and Chester from 1673; Lord Lieut, of cos. Lancaster and Chester 
1676-87,0 and 1688-89, ^"^^ of '^°- Lancaster June to Nov. 1702; 
Chamberlain of Chester 1677- 1702; bearer of the second sword at the 
Coronation of James II 23 Apr. i685;(*) was one of the pall bearers, 
^ Mar. 1694/5, at the funeral of Queen Mary; Lord Lieut, of North 
Wales (save co. Denbigh) June 1702 till his death. (f^) He w., 10 July 
i673,(^) Elizabeth, sister of James, 2nd Duke of Ormond, da. of Thomas 

(*) See "The Loyalists' Bloody Roll," in vol. ii. Appendix A. His words on 
the scaffold were, "I die for God, the King, and the Laws, and this makes me not 
be ashamed of my life, nor afraid of my death." V.G. 

(t") Ch. Privy Seal!, 2 Car. I, no. 288 (6 Sep.): Patent, 12 Sep. V.G. 

(«) Recog. Rolls of Chester, 12 Car. II, m. 1. V.G. 

(^) This is an early instance of a peer having more than one Christian name. 
See vol. iii. Appendix C. V.G. 

(') See list of the Lord Lieuts. dismissed by James II, vol. ii. Appendix G. 

A portrait of his handsome and intellectual face is in Sandford's magnificent 
work The Coronation ofjamei II, and is reproduced by Doyle in his Official Baronage. 

(^) He generally voted with the Whigs, but supported the Tories in the 
impeachment of William Ill's Whig ministers in 1701. V.G. 

C") When sent to Paris, after his marriage, with a governor to complete his 
education, he conducted himself very ill, becoming debauched "tant par les femmes 
de mauvaise vie que par le jeu." His father-in-law, the Earl of Ossory, writing in May 
1679, calls him "very nast)', ill-natured, and obstinate," and writes again later in the 
same year of " his brutality and ill-usage of my daughter." V.G. 



2i6 DERBY 

Butler, ityled Earl of Ossory, by Amelie, da. of Henry de Nassau, Lord 
OF Auverquerque in Holland. He d. 5 Nov. 1702, s.p.m.s.,(^) and was 
bur. at Ormskirk, aged about 47. Will pr. July 1705. His widow d. 5, 
and was bur. 12 July 17 17, in Westm. Abbey, aged 57; M.I. at Kew, 
Surrey. Will dat. 23 Feb. 17 14/5, pr. 26 July 17 17. 

[James Stanley, styled Lord Strange, only s. and h. ap., h. 28, and 
bap. 29 June 1680, at Knowsley Chapel; d. v.p., and unm., Oct. 1699, at 
Naples, or at Venice, of smallpox, aged 19, and was bur. 14 Apr. 1700, at 
Ormskirk.] 

XIX. 1702. 10. James (Stanley), Earl of Derby, br. and h. 

male,-^. 3 July 1664; M.P. (Whig) for Clitheroe 1685-87, 
for Preston 1689-90, and for co. Lancaster 1 690-1 702. He served in 
several campaigns in Flanders under William III; was Lieut. Col. in the 
Foot Guards, becoming finally, 1704, Major Gen. in the army; Col. of 
the 1 6th Foot 1692 to 1705, when he retired from the army. Groom of 
the Bedchamber 1689-1702; Lord Lieut, of co. Lancaster 1702-10 and 
1714-36; Vice Adm. co. Lancaster 1702-12; Chamberlain of Chester 
1702-36; P.C. 10 June 1706; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 
1706-10; bearer of the Sword at the Coronation of Queen Anne 23 Apr. 
1702, and that of George I 20 Oct. 17 14; Captain of the Yeomen of the 
Guard 1715-23. By the death of his great-niece, 8 Aug. 1732, he became 
the \\t\r general oi his father, and, as such. Lord Strange [i62 8].('') He 
m.j Feb. 1705, at the chapel of Halnaker (near Chichester), Sussex, Mary, 
da. and h. of Sir William Morley, K.B., of Halnaker afsd., by his 2nd wife, 
Anne, da. and h. of Sir John Denham, K.B. He d. s.p.s., i Feb. iJ^S/^f 
at Knowsley, and was bur. at Ormskirk, aged 71, when the Barony of 
Strange (*) devolved on the heir general, as also did the Lordship of the 
Isle of Man and most of his large estates.C") Will pr. 1736. His widow, 
who was b. 8 Sep. 1667, d. 29 Mar. 1752, at Chichester, and was bur. at 
Boxgrove, Sussex, aged 84. 

(') The Barony of Strange, which originated in the writ of 1628, fell into 
abeyance in 1702, on the death of the 9th Earl of Derby, between his two daughters 
and coheirs. In 1714 the right thereto passed to Henrietta, the only surv. da., then 
wife of John, Lord Ashburnham. In 1718 it passed to her only surv. child, Henrietta 
Bridget Ashburnham, spinster, on whose death unm., 8 Aug. 1732, it reverted to 
James, lOth Earl of Derby, who then became heir general of the grantee. On the 
Earl's death in 1736 it devolved on James (Murray), 2nd Duke of Atholl [S.], grand- 
son and h. of Amelia, Marchioness of Atholl [S.], the only child whose issue' then 
remained of James, 7th Earl of Derby, the 1st Lord Strange of the creation of 1628. 
See the coheirs of the Barony of Strange of Knokin {cr. 1299) and of the Barony 
of Stanley {cr. 1456), ante, p. 212, note "f." 

C') Bp. Burnet's character of him (at the age of 40 and upwards), with Dean 
Swift's remarks thereon in italics, is as under: "On his brother's death he came to 
the House of Peers where he never will make any figure, the sword being more his 



DERBY 217 

[William Stanley, styled Lord Stanley, only s. and h. ap., h. in 
Queen Str., Westm., 31 Jan., d. 4 Mar. 1709/10, in infancy.] 

XX. 1736. II. Edward (Stanley), Earl of Derby, 6th cousin 

and h. male, being s. and h. of Sir Thomas Stanley, 4th 
Bart., of BickerstafFe, co. Lancaster, by his ist wife, Elizabeth, da. and h. 
of Thomas Patten, of Preston, co. Lancaster, which Sir Thomas was s. 
and h. of Sir Edward S., 3rd Bart, (who d. 1671), s. and h. of Sir Thomas 
S., 2nd Bart, (who d. 1653), s. and h. of Sir Edward S., cr. a Baronet, 
26 June 1628, which Sir Edward was s. and h. of Henry S.(*) (who d. 
1597), all being of BickerstafFe afsd., which Henry was 2nd s. of Sir James 
Stanley, of Crosshall, co. Lancaster, br. of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Derby 
abovenamed, both being sons of George, Lord Strange of Knokin, s. and h. 
ap. of Thomas, ist Earl of Derby. He was b. 17 Sep. 1689, at Knowsley, 
in Hayton, co. Lancaster; Vice Adm. co. Lancaster from 1712; sue. his 
father as 5th Baronet, 7 May 1714; High Sheriff co. Lancaster 1723; 
M.P. (Whig) for co. Lancaster 1 727-36, C") taking his seat in the House 
of Lords 13 Apr. 1736; Lord Lieut, co. Lancaster 1742-57, and again, 
after the death of his son, 1 771, till his death. He w;., Sep. 17 14, Elizabeth, 
da. and h. of Robert Hesketh, of RufFord, co. Lancaster, by Elizabeth, da. 
of the Hon. William Spencer, of Ashton, co. Lancaster. He d. 22 Feb. 
1776, at Knowsley, aged 86. Will pr. Apr. 1776. His widow, who was 
b. 29 Aug. 1694, d. but two days after him, aged 81. Both were bur. 
II Mar. 1776, at Ormskirk. 

[James Stanley, afterwards Smith-Stanley, erroneously (') styled 
Lord Strange, s. and h. ap., b. 7, and bap. 29 Jan. 17 16/7, at Preston, co. 
Lancaster; ed. at Westm. school, and at the Univ. of Leyden; M.P. (Tory) 
for CO. Lancaster 1 741-71 ; Lord Lieut, co. Lancaster 1757-71 ; P.C. 
15 Dec. 1762; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1762-71. He ;«., 
17 Mar. 1746/7, at Keith's Chapel, St. Geo., Han. Sq., Lucy (a fortune of 
/; 100,000), 2nd and yst. da. anci coh. of Hugh Smith, C^) of Weald Hall, 
Essex (who d. 8 May 1745), by Dorothy, da. of Dacre Barrett-Lennard, 



profession. He is a fair complexioned man, well shaped, taller than the ordinary size 
and a man of honour — as arrant a , » * 9 m » . » » as his brother." [It is not very 
clear what word these nine asterisks denote, perhaps " scoundret."] 

{') The wife of this Henry Stanley was Mary, da. and h. of Peter Stanley, of 
BickerstafFe, co. Lancaster, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of James Scaresbig, of the same, 
through which match that estate was acquired by the family of Stanley. 

(^) Belonging to the section that opposed Walpole. V.G. 

{') See note "a" on preceding page. 

("*) A good account of this family of Smith, otherwise Heriz, is in Top. and 
Gen., vol. iii, pp. 255-260. Dorothy, the 1st da. and coh., m. John Barry, and was 
ancestress of the family of Smith-Barry, of Fota Island, co. Cork, Marbury Hall, 
Cheshire, csfc. 

28 



2i8 DERBY 

of Belhouse, Essex, on which occasion he (in compliance with the will of 
his wife's father) took by Act of Pari., 2i Geo. 11, the name of Smith 
in addition to that of Stanley. She d. 5 Feb. 1759, at Preston, co. Lan- 
caster. Her admon. as '^Viscountess Strange" 18 Dec. 1760. He d. v.p., 
I June 1 77 1, at Bath, of apoplexy,(') aged 54. Both were bur. at 
Ormskirk. His will as "Viscount Strange" pr. Aug. 1771.] 

XXI. 1776. 12. Edward (Smith-Stanley), Earl of Derby, 

grandson and h., being s. and h. of James Smith- 
Stanley, styled (erroneously) Lord Strange,('') by Lucy, his wife above- 
named. He was b. 12 Sep. 1752, and bap. at Preston afsd.; ed. at Eton; 
admitted Trin. Coll. Cambridge 1771, M.A. 1773; M.P. (Whig) for co. 
Lancaster i774-76("'); Lord Lieut, thereof 1776-1834; Col. in the army 
(during service) 1779; P.C. 29 Aug. 1783; Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster Aug. to Dec. 1783, and again 1806-07; ^'^^^ Adm. co. Lancaster 
1809-31. He OT., istly, 23 June 1774, at Argyll House (spec, lie, reg. at 
Richmond, Surrey), Elizabeth, ('') da. (whose issue in 1799 became sole h.) 
of James (Hamilton), 6th Duke of Hamilton [S.], by Elizabeth, da. 
of John Gunning. She,(°) who was b. 26 Jan. 1753, at Holyrood House, 
Edinburgh, d. in Gloucester Str., Marylebone (having long been separated 

(*) Horace Walpole says of him {George II, vol. i, p. 108), "A busy young 
Lord, very disinterested, often quick, as often injudicious, and not the less trouble- 
some for either." 

C*) See ante, p. 216, note "a." 

(') " Lord Derby was allowed to have spoken very well, though he was a very 
raw, light, young man, given up to his pleasures. He had been a warm courtier, 
but was now as warm in opposition." {Last 'Journah of Horace IValpole, Nov. 1778). 
He was chiefly notorious as a sportsman, having a passion for horse-racing and cock- 
fighting. He appears in 1779 with Mrs. Armistead, as "Lord Champetre and the 
celebrated Mrs. A . . mst . . d," in the scandalous tete-a-tete portraits in Town and 
Country Mag., vol. xi, p. 120, for an account of which see Appendix B in the last 
volume of this work. V.G. 

C) See tabular pedigree in vol. i, p. 4, sub Abercorn, shewing the Earls of 
Derby to be, through this match, heirs of hne to James (Hamilton), Earl of Arran 
[S.] (Regent of Scotland). As to their claim to the Dukedom of Ch4telherault in 
France, see vol. i, Appendix B. 

(') "A reluctant beauty of 19, sacrificed to his arms by the vanity of her 
mother." {The TVhig Club, 1794). In 1776 her portrait was painted both by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds and Romney, and at that date she and her husband were among the 
most profuse entertainers in London Society. Unfortunately in 1778 she was led into 
an intrigue with the vicious Duke of Dorset, with whom she lived. Lord Derby 
burnt her portrait at Knowsley, and would not divorce her, being determined to 
prevent their marriage. See Queen Victoria's Diary, 24 July 1838. As she 
was, in the words of Princess Augusta, " really very amiable and prudent," many 
people were willing to look over her lapse, though Queen Charlotte steadily refused 
to receive her. Many of her letters, and many references to her, are to be found in 
Intimate Society Letters, ed. by the Duke of Argyll, 191O; she appears to have been a 
brilliant, popular, affectionate, kindly woman. G.E.C. and V.G. 



DERBY 219 

from her husband), 14 Mar., and was bur. 2 Apr. 1797, at Bromley, Kent, 
aged 44. He m., 2ndly, a few weeks later, i May 1797, at his house in 
Grosvenor Sq., Midx., Elizabeth, da. of George Farran,(^) sometime 
surgeon and apothecary at Cork, and afterwards an actor, by ( — ), da. of 
( — ) Wright, a publican of Water Lane, Liverpool. She, who was an 
actress of note,('') d. at Knowsley Park, 23, and was bur. 30 Apr. 1829, at 
Ormskirk, aged 66. He d'. at Knowsley, 21, and was bur. 31 Oct. 1834, at 
Ormskirk afsd., aged 82.(') Will pr. Nov. 1835. 

XXn. 1834, 13. Edward (Smith-Stanley), Earl OF Derby, s. and 

h.,by istwife, ^. 21 Apr. 1775, in the par. of St. Geo., Han. 
Sq., j/y/f^ Lord Stanley from 1832; ed. at Eton, and admitted Trin. Coll. 
Cambridge 1792, M. A. 1795; Col. in the army (during service) 1798; M.P. 
(Whig) for Preston 1796-1812, for co. Lancaster 1812-32; cr. D.C.L. of 
Oxford 23 June 18 19; Vice Adm. co. Lancaster from 1831. On 22 Dec. 
1832 (there being no barony vested in his father wherein he could be sum. 
to the House of Lords), he was cr. BARON STANLEY OF BICKER- 
STAFFE, CO Lancaster. Pres. of the Linn^an Soc. 1828-33, "i"*^ Pres. 
of the Zoological Soc.(^) from 1831, and Trustee of the Brit. Museum 
from 1834, till his death. Lord Lieut, of co. Lancaster 1834-51; K.G. 
2 Apr. 1839. He m., 30 Oct. 1798, in the Chapel at Knowsley, his 
cousin, Charlotte Margaret, 2nd da. of the Rev. Geoffrey Hornby, Rector 
of Winwick, co. Lancaster, by Lucy, sister of Edward (Smith-Stanley), 
I2th Earl of Derby next abovenamed. She, who was b. 20 Oct. 1778, 
J. 16 June 18 17, aged 48. He J. 30 June 1851, at Knowsley, and was 
bur. at Ormskirk, aged 76.(') Will pr. Oct. 1851. 

(*) So spelt in the register, one of the witnesses being " Margaret Farran." 

('') She appeared first on the stage, at Bath, in 1773; was acting in 1774 with 
her mother and sister (Margaret, afterwards Mrs. Knight) at Wakefield, and at 
Liverpool (as Rosetta) in "Love in a Village." In 1777 she appeared in London, 
acting in " She Stoops to Conquer," and in most of the well-known plays for twenty 
years, taking leave on 7 Apr. 1797 (as "Lady Teazle") a few weeks before her 
marriage. She is said to have declined to become the Earl's mistress in his wife's life- 
time. Her portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence has often been engraved. Con- 
temporary accounts describe her as tall, genteel, with a face not regularly beautiful, 
but animated, prepossessing, and full of sensibility, eyes blue and penetrating, a 
fascinating smile, and a voice clear but rather sharp, and as possessing ease, vivacity, 
spirit, and humour. For a list of peers who have married actresses, singers, or dancers, 
see Appendix C in vol. xii of this work. G.E.C, and V.G. 

(') " He had an excessively large head surmounting his small spare figure, and 
wore his hair tied in a long thin pigtail." V.G. 

C^) "So great was his attachment to Zoology that he had formed at Knowsley 
such collections of living animals and birds as far surpass any menagerie or aviary 
previously attempted by any private person in this country." {Annual Reg. for 1 851). 
G.E.C. In politics he was an inconspicuous but steady supporter of the Whig 
party. V.G. 

(') It appears from Queen Victoria's Diary, 24 July 1838, that he was desirous 
of being made a Duke at the time of her Coronation. On the other hand, his son 



220 DERBY 

XXIII. 1851. 14. Edward Geoffrey (Smith-Stanley), Earl of 

Derby, i^c., s. and h., b. 19 Mar. 1799, at Knowsley; 
ityled Lord Stanley till 1844; ed. at Eton; matric. at Oxford (Ch. 
Ch.) 17 Oct. 1 8 17, gaining the Latin verse prize {^'■Syracuse") in 
1 8 19; M.P. (Whig) for Stockbridge i822-26,('') for Preston 1826-30, 
for Windsor 1831-32, for North Lancashire 1832-44; Under Sec. for the 
Colonies 1827-28; P.C. 22 Nov. 1830; P.C. [I.] 10 Jan. 1 83 1 ; Chief Sec. 
for Ireland 1830-33, and a Cabinet Minister, June 1831; Sec. of State for 
the Colonies 1833-34, and again 1841-45. Lord Rector of the Univ. of 
Glasgow 1834-36; Sloane Trustee of the Brit. Museum 1835-66. He 
was sum. to the House of Lords v.p., 4 Nov. 1844, as LORD STANLEY 
OF BICKERSTAFFE. Soon after succeeding to the Earldom he became 
First Lord of the Treasury (Prme Minister) Feb. to Dec. 1852, Mar. 1858 
to Jan. 1859, and for the 3rd time July 1866 to Feb. i868;('') Chancellor of 
the Univ. of Oxford 1852-69, having been cr. D.C.L. thereof by diploma 
1 9 Oct. 1852; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1852-69; K.G. 28 June 
1859. G.C.M.G. 25 Mar. 1869. He tn., 31 May 1825, at Marylebone, 
Emma Caroline, 2nd da. of Edward (Bootle-Wilbraham), ist Baron 
SiCELMERSDALE, by Mary Elizabeth, da. of Edward Taylor. He d. at 
Knowsley, 23, and was bur. there 29 Oct. 1869, aged 70. Will dat. 21 Feb. 
1865 to 21 Sep. 1869, pr. 2 Apr. 1870, under ;^2 50,000. His widow, who 
was b. 17 Mar. 1805, d. 26 Apr. 1876, at 15 Cromwell Road, South 
Kensington, and was bur. at Knowsley, aged 71. Will dat. 25 Nov. 1870, 
pr. 26 May 1876. 

XXIV. 1869. 15. Edward Henry (Stanley), Earl of Derby, 

^c, s. and h., b. 21 July 1826, at Knowsley; ed. at 
Rugby, Easter 1840, and at Trin. Coll. Cambridge; loth in the ist class of 
classical tripos and M.A. 1848; M.P. (Conservative) for King's Lynn 
i848-69;(') styled 'LoKD Stanley 1851-69; Under Sec. of State for foreign 



and successor is always said to have declined a Dukedom, not wishing to exchange his 
15th century coronet for brand new strawberry leaves. V.G. 

(*) He joined the Conservatives in 1835. V.G. 

{^) As a Scholar his translation of the Iliad testifies to his ability; as an 
Orator his impetuous eloquence gave him the name of "the Rupert of debate"; while 
O'Connell dubbed him "Scorpion Stanley." Brilliance, gaiety, and courage, cannot 
make up tor the absence of serious conviction in a statesman, and the man who could 
speak of his own measure of Household Suffrage as "a leap in the dark," and could 
boast of "dishing the Whigs," hardly deserves that honoured name. Lord Melbourne 
said of him in 1839 to the Queen, "Stanley everybody knows to be a man of great 
abilities, but of much indiscretion, and he is extremely unpopular." {Girlhood of Queen 
Fictoria^ vol. ii, p. 1 50). See as to his refusing a Dukedom, note "e" on preceding 
page. G.E.C. and V.G. 

("=) He went over to the Liberals in 1879, ^"^ became a Unionist in 1886, when 
Gladstone was " converted " to Home Rule. Lord Salisbury referred to him, about 
1880, as "Dr. Oates"(!) and political differences led to a complete and permanent 
breach between these two old colleagues and connections. V.G. 



DERBY 221 

affairs Mar. to Dec. 1852; P. C. 26 Feb. 1858; Sec. of State for the Colonies 
Feb. to May 1858; Pres. of the Board of Control June to Sep. 1858; Sec. 
for India 1858-59; for foreign affairs 1866-68 and 1874-78; and for the 
Colonies (again) 1882-85. D.C.L. of Oxford 7 June 1853; LL.D. of 
Cambridge 9 June 1862; Lord Rector of the Univ. of Glasgow 1868-71; 
Lord Rector of the Univ. of Edinburgh 1874-77; Chanc. of London Univ. 
1891-93; Pres. of the Statistical Soc. 1857-59; F.R.S. 15 Dec. 1B59; 
Trustee of the Nat. Portrait Gallery 1861-93; Sloane Trustee of the Brit. 
Museum 1866 till his death; Pres. of the Royal Literary Fund 1876 till 
his death; K.G. 15 July 1884. He m., 5 July 1870, at the Chapel 
Royal, St. James's, Mary Catherine, widow of James (Gascoyne-Cecil), 
Marquess of Salisbury, 2nd da. of George John (West), 5th Earl de La 
Warr, by Elizabeth, suo jure Baroness Buckhurst. He d. s.p., at 
Knowsley, 21, and was bur. there 27 Apr. 1893, aged 66. Will dat. 3 Dec. 
1889 to 10 Apr. 1893, pr. 25 May 1893 at ^1,802,000 net. His widow, 
who was b. 23 July 1824, d, after a long illness, at Holwood Park, 
Keston, Kent, 6, and was bur. 11 Dec. 1900, at Knowsley, aged 76. Will 
dat. 3 Aug. 1897, pr. 13 Mar. 1901. 

XXV. 1893. 16. Frederick Arthur (Stanley), Earl of Derby 

[1485], Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe [1832], and 
Baron Stanley of Preston [1886], also a Baronet [1627], br. and h.; b. 
15 Jan. 1 84 1, in St. James's Sq., Westm.; ed. at Eton; ent. the army as 
Lieut. Grenadier Guards Apr. 1858, Capt. June 1862-65, when he retired. 
M.P. (Conservative) for Preston 1865-68, and for Lancashire (North) 
1868-85, and (Blackpool div.) 1885-86; a Lord of the Admiralty Aug. to 
Dec. 1868; Constable of Castle Rising 1870 till his death; Financial Sec. 
to War Office 1874-77, and of the Treasury 1877-78; Militia A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria 1 877-1901, and to Edward VII 1901-08; P.C. 4 Apr. 
1878; Sec. of State for War 1878-80, and for the Colonies 1885-86; 
G.C.B. (Civil) 2 Feb. 1886; Pres. of the Board of Trade 1886-88. 
He was cr., 27 Aug. 1886, BARON STANLEY OF PRESTON, 
CO. Lancaster; Gov. Gen. of Canada 1888-93; Sloane Trustee of the 
Brit. Museum 1893 till his death; Lord Mayor of Liverpool 1895-96; Lord 
Lieut, of Lancashire 1 897-1 908; nom. K.G.C) 6, and inv. 19 Aug. 1897; 
Chancellor of Liverpool University 1903 till his death; Pres. of the Royal 
Agric. Soc. 1904; G.C.V.O. 13 July 1905. He w., 31 May 1864, at St. 
Paul's, Knightsbridge, Constance, ist da. of George William (Villiers), 
4th Earl of Clarendon, by Katherine, da. of James Walter (Grimston), 
1st Earl of Verulam. He d. of heart failure, at Holwood afsd., 14, and 
was bur. 18 June 1908, at Knowsley, aged 67. Will dat. 23 Mar. 1906, 
pr. 6 Aug. 1908, at over £()i'jfiOO gross, over £-j ^2,000 net, or, including 
settled estates, over ;^3, 777,000. His widow, who was b. in Grosvenor 
Crescent, Belgravia, 2 Sep. 1840, and bap. 30 Dec. 1841, at St. Michael's, 
St. Albans, was living 191 5. 

(») He was the 9th Earl of" Derby so honoured. See vol. ii. Appendix B. 



222 DERBY 

[Edward George Villiers Stanley, j/y/^-^ Lord Stanley, i 893-1908, 
1st s. and h. ap., b. 4 Apr. 1865, at 23 St. James's Sq.; ed. at Wellington 
Coll.; ent. the Gren. Guards as Lieut. May 1885, retiring 1895; A.D.C. to 
the Gov. Gen. of Canada (his father) 1888-91; M.P. for Lancashire (W. 
Houghton) 1 892-1 906; a Lord of the Treasury 1 895-1900; served in the 
S. African war 1 899-1 90o;('') Private Sec. to Earl Roberts when Com. in 
Chief there 1900; mentioned in Dispatches, Queen's Medal 6 clasps; 
C.B. 1900; Financial Sec. to the War Office 1900-3; P.C. 1903; Postmaster 
Gen. 1903-6; K.C.V.O. 1905; G.C.V.O. 1908; Chancellor of Liverpool 
Univ. 1909; K.G. I Jan. 1915; Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem. 
In the course of the European war of 19 14 — , he raised a Dockers' Batt. 
(Liverpool regt.) of which he was Lt. Col. In 19 15 he was appointed 
Director General of Recruiting. (*") He w., 5 Jan. i889,(") at the Guards' 
Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Alice Maud Olivia, 3rd and yst. da. of 
William Drogo (Montagu), 7th Duke of Manchester, by Louise 
Frederike Auguste, Countess VON Alten. She, who was ^. 15 Aug. 18 62, at 
I Great Stanhope Str., Westm., is a Lady of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem, 
and a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Alexandra. Having sue. to the 
Peerage after 22 Jan. 1901, he is, as such, outside the scope of this work.] 

Family Eitates.i^') — These, in 1883, consisted of 57,000 acres in 
Lancashire (worth ;Ci 56,735 a year), 9,500 in Cheshire, 92 in Flintshire, 
besides 1,400 in Surrey and 950 in Kent. Total 68,942 acres of which the 
value of those in the first three counties (that of those in Surrey and Kent 
being unstated) is ;^i63,273 a year, exclusive of 900 acres leased in build- 
ings and returned in the tenants' names. (') Principal Residence. — Knowsley 
Park, near Prescot, Lancashire. Note. — Of the above estates, those in 
Surrey and Kent were offered at auction in 1909, and it is believed that the 
bulk of them were then disposed of 

It is to be observed that there is not one acre of this property in the 
county of Derby. So also in the case of the Dukedom of Devonshire as to 
the county of Devon, ^c. See ante, p. 206, note " e." 

(*) For a list of peers and heirs ap. of peers who served in this war, see vol. iii, 
Appendix B. 

C*) Five of his brothers also served in the war. For a list of peers and sons ot 
peers who served in this war see vol. viii, Appendix F. V.G. 

C^) His 1st s. and h. ap., Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley, was h. 9 July 
1894, at 36 Great Cumberland Place, Midx., and ed. at Eton. He served in the 
European war of 1914 — , as Lieut. 3rd Batt. Gren. Guards. His younger brother, 
Oliver Frederick George Stanley, served in the same war, first as 2nd Lieut. Lanes. 
Hussars, and later as Lieut. R.A. V.G. 

C) About the year 17 10 the extensive estates of the Moores of Bank Hall, in 
Liverpool, Bootle, and Kirkdale, were sold to the Earl of Derby for ^^ 12,000; in 1847 
some 270,000 square yards thereof were sold to the dock trustees for ;{^9O,O00. The 
contiguity to Liverpool was the sole reason for the great value of this estate, which 
otherwise would have been merely agricultural, and on the coast line nothing at all. 
See Howard Evans' Our Old Nobility. 

(') See vol. vi, Appendix H, for some remarks on Lord Derby's property as 
compared with the holders of 100,000 acres and upwards. 



DERWENT 223 

DE REEDE 

See " Reede " which appears to have been the name of the Barony 
conferred, 24 Mar. 1644/5, on John de Reede, Ambassador from Holland. 

DERNELEY see DARNLEY 

DE ROS see ROS 

DERRY ISLAND 

See "Avonmore of Derry Island, co. Tipperary," Viscountcy [1.], 
(Yeherron), cr. 1800. 

DERVOCK 

See "Macartney of Dervock, co. Antrim," Barony [I.] {Macartney)^ 
cr. 1792; extinct 1806. 

DERWENT OF HACKNESS 
BARONY. I. Harcourt van-den-Bempde-Johnstone, s. and h. 

, „„ of Sir John van-den-Bempde-Johnstone, 2nd Bart., of 

Hackness Hall, co. York;,(') by Louisa Augusta, 2nd 
da. of the Hon. Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt, 
Archbishop of York; b. 3 Jan. 1829, at Bishopsthorpe Palace, York; 
ed. at Eton; sometime Lieut. 2nd Life Guards; sue. his father as 3rd 
Bart. 24 Feb. 1869; M.P. (Liberal) for Scarborough i869-8o.('') He was 
cr., 10 Oct. 1 88 1, BARON DERWENT OF HACKNESS, in the North 
Riding of co. York. He »;., 27 May 1850, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Charlotte, sister of Charles Henr}', ist Baron Hillingdon, 2nd da. of Sir 
Charles Mills, Bart, (so cr. 1868), by Emily, da. of Richard Henry Cox, 
of Hillingdon, co. Midx. She, who was b. 20 Jan. 1826, d. at Hackness 
Hall, of pneumonia, 22, and was bur. 25 Aug. 1903, at Hackness. Will 
pr. over ;^2 1,000. 

[Francis van-den-Bempde-Johnstone, ist s. and h. ap.,('') b. 26 May 
I 85 1, at 51 Upper Brook Str.; sometime Capt. 2nd Life Guards. He ;«., 
23 Sep. 1880, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., Ethel, ist da. of Henry Strickland- 
Constable, of Wassand Hall, co. York, by Cornelia Charlotte Anne, yst. 

(*) For his descent from John van-den-Bempde, of Hackness Hall, see vol. i, 
pp. 167-8. V.G. 

C") His retirement from parliament in July 1880 was conveniently arranged to 
provide a seat for a Liberal Cabinet Minister (J. G. Dodson, afterwards Lord Monk- 
Bretton), who had been unseated by the election judge at Chester. There are many 
instances of peerages and baronetcies being conferred on members of the Lower 
House who have kindly made way for ministers requiring seats. He voted against 
the Budget of 1909. V.G. 

(f) His yst. brother, Gilbert, served in the European War 1 91 4 — , as Lieut. 
1st C.B. London Rifles (The Queens). For a list of peers and sons of peers who 
served in this war, see vol. viii, Appendix F. 



224 DERWENT 

da. of Col. Henry Dumaresq. She, who was b. 25 Nov. 1861, at Scar- 
borough, and bap. there, d. s.p.m. at Wassand, near Hull, 2, and was bur. 
7 Oct. 1 891, at Hackness.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 12,764 acres in the North 
Riding of Yorkshire, worth ;/^ 10,026 a year. Principal Residence. — Hackness 
Hall, near Scarborough, co. York. 

DERWENTWATER 

EARLDOM. I. Francis Radclyffe, only surv. s. and h. of Sir 

Edward R., 2nd Bart., of Dilston, Northumberland, and 
' ■ of Derwentwater, Cumberland, by Elizabeth, da. and h. 

of Thomas Barton, of Wenby, co. York, was b. 1625; 
Capt. in Vane's regt. of Foot 1667; sue. his father as 3rd Bart., 18 Dec. 
1663. He was cr., 7 Mar. 1687/8,0 BARON TYNDALE, co. North- 
umberland, VISCOUNT RADCLYFFE AND LANGLEY, and EARL 
OF DERWENTWATER, co. Cumberland. A Tory. He m., in or before 
1655, Catherine, widow of Henry Lawson, of Brough, co. York (who was 
slain 1644), da. and coh. of Sir William Fenwicke, Bart., of Meldon, 
Northumberland, by Isabel, da. and h. of Sir Arthur Gray, of Spindlestone 
in that co. She d. before 1696. He d. Apr. 1696, aged 71, and was bur. 
at Dilston. Will dat. 20 Apr. 1696, pr. 4 Oct. 1698. 

II. 1696. 2. Edward (Radclyffe), Earl of Derwentwater, 

^CjC") s. and h., b. 9 Dec. 1655; styled Viscount 
Radclyffe, 1688-96. A Tory. He m., 18 Aug. 1687, the Lady Mary 
Tudor, illegit. da. of Charles II, by Mary Davies, a well-known singer C^) 
and actress. He d. at his house in Arlington Str., Midx., 29 Apr., and was 
bur. 10 May 1 705, at Dilston, aged 49. Will dat. 14 to 23 Apr., pr. 24 May 
1705. His widow, who was b. 16 Oct. 1673, being the 14th and yst. 
child of her Royal father, had from him a warrant of the precedency of the 
da. of an Earl, 10 Dec. 1680 (with confirmation of the surname of Tudor), 

(*) This is one of the few English peerages conferred by James II before his 
exile, which (not reckoning titles of inferior rank granted in the same patent) were 
but ten in all. These are i Dukedom, i.e. Berwick {Fitx-Jamei); i Marquessate, 
i.e. Powis [Herbert); 3 Earldoms, i.e. Dorchester [Sedley), Derwentwater [Radclyffe), 
and Stafford [Howard); 5 Baronies, i.e. Dover [Jermyn], Churchill, Jeffreys, Walde- 
grave, and Griffin. See below sub "Dundee," as to Scottish Peerages conferred by 
that monarch; and as to Irish Peerages so conferred see sub "Galway." 

C") The Peerage writers have one and all (including even Doyle, in 1886), followed 
Sandfird [p. 654], who states the name of this Peer to be (that of his father) Francis. 
His own will, the will of his father, and of his brother Francis, ^c, clearly prove 
this to be wrong, as apparently are the dates given by Sandford for the births of the 
children of this Earl. 

(•) She is said to have first attracted the monarch's attention by her singing of 
"My Lodging is on the cold ground." For a list of Royal Bastards see vol. vi, 
Appendix F. V.G. 



DERWENTWATER 225 

and had the precedency of the da. of a Duke by a like warrant, 2 i Feb. 
1683/4. She ;«., 23 May 1705, shortly after her husband's death, at 
Knightsbridge Chapel, Midx., Henry Graham,(*) of Levens, M.P. for 
Westmorland, who J. 7 Jan. 1706/7, at St. James's, Westm. Within a few 
months of his death she m., 3rdly, 26 Aug. 1707, at Twickenham, Midx., 
James Rooke, who long surv. her. She d. at Paris 5 Nov. 1726. 

III. 1705 3. James (Radclyffe), Earl OF Derwentwater, yc, 

to s. and h., b. 28 June 1689, in Arlington Str., Midx.; 

1 71 6. j/)7(?^ Viscount Radclyffe till 1705. A Tory, and held a 

command in the Jacobite army, Oct. 17 15, but after the 

defeat at Preston surrendered himself prisoner, 13 Nov. 171 5, and was sent to 

theTower of London. He w., 10 July 1712 (settl.dat. 24 June), Anna Maria, 

1st da. of Sir John Webb, 3rd Bart., of Odstock, Wilts, by Barbara, da. and 

coh. of John (Belasyse), ist Baron Belasyse of Worlaby. He was found 

guilty of high treason, and beheaded on Tower Hill, 24 Feb. i 715/6, and 

having been attainted, all his honours became forfeited.(^) He was bur. 

privately, at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, Midx., aged 26. M.I.('') His widow 

d. at Brussels, of the smallpox, 19 Aug. 1723, aged 30, and was bur. in 

the Church of the English Canonesses at Louvain. Will dat. 5 to 16 Mar. 

1722, pr. 27 May 1734. 



IV. 1716. 4. John Radclyffe, styled Viscount Radclyffe, 

who, but for the attainder, would have been Earl of 
Derwentwater, lyc, and who so designated himself, only s. and h. He 
inherited the greater part of the vast family estates which were preserved 
by the entail from forfeiture. He d. unm., after being cut for stone, 
and under age, at the house of his grandfather (Sir John Webb) in Great 
Marlborough Str., Midx., 31 Dec. 1731, and was bur. with his mother 
at Louvain. Will dat. 11 Nov. 1731, pr. I732.('') 



(') "With whom she lived in her husband's lifetime." See P. Le Neve's 
memoranda in Top. and Gen., vol. iii, p. 154. No mention of her is made in her 
husband's will. 

('') See vol. i, Appendix E, for peerages forfeited in the insurrection of 1715. 

(<=) The Rev. E. E. Wilde informs the Editor that the Earl's body was removed 
on 5 Mar. to Dagenham, Essex, and thence to Dilston, where it remained till 1874, 
when it was placed in Lord Petre's new mausoleum at Thorndon. The Earl's 
generosity was unbounded; he was "a man formed by nature to be generally beloved." 
See Patten's Rebellion. His youth, also, made his fate much lamented. Even at this 
distance of time it is difficult to read, without emotion, his touching and chivalrous 
speech from the scaffold. [^State Trials, vol. xv, p. 8oi). With him was executed 
William (Gordon), 6th Viscount Kenmure [S.]; the escape from the Tower, on the 
previousday, of William (Maxwell), 5th Earl of Nithsdale [S.], having saved that Earl 
from the like fate. G.E.C. and V.G. 

C) Anne, his only sister and h., m., 2 May 1732, Robert James (Petre), 8th 
Baron Petre of Writtle, and is ancestress of the present Baroness Furnivall, who 
consequently is heir gen. of the 1st Earl of Derwentwater. 

29 



226 



DERWENTWATER 



1731- 



5. Charles Radclyffe, who, but for the attainder, 
would have been Earl of Derwentwater, ^c, and 



who so styled himself, uncle and h. male, being 3rd and yst. s. of the 
2nd Earl. He was k 3 Sep. 1693, at Little Parndon, Essex. He 
joined the Jacobite Rising, and with his br., the Earl, surrendered himself 
prisoner 13 Nov. 171 5, and was found guilty of high treason. His 
extreme youth (22 years) would probably have procured his pardon, but 
on II Dec. 17 16, he (with 13 others) escaped from Newgate and joined 
the Stuart family on the Continent, where he became Sec. to Prince 
Charles Edward. He »;., 24 June 1724, at St. Mary's, Brussels, 
Charlotte Maria,Q suo jure Countess of Newburgh [S.], who, in 1694, 
had sue. her father Charles (Levingston), 2nd Earl of Newburgh [S.], 
in that dignity, and who was widow of the Hon. Thomas Clifford. 
At the Rising of 1745 he embarked for Scotland (doubtless to join the 
"Chevalier," though of this fact no proof was obtained), but the ship 
being captured off Deal, he was brought prisoner to the Tower of London. 
In November 1746 he was condemned to death under his fonner sentence 
of some 30 years before, in spite of the gen. pardon of 1 7 1 6 and, though 
owing to the attainder, he was not legally a Peer, he was (as such) 
beheaded (like his brother 30 years earlier) on Tower Hill, 8, and bur. 
II Dec. 1746, at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields,('') aged ^t,. His widow, the 
Countess of Newburgh [S.], d. 4 Aug. 1755, in London, and was bur. 
with him. M.I. Will dat. 25 Apr. 1751, pr. 12 Jan. 1756. 

VI. 1746. 6. James Bartholomew Radclyffe, who, but for 

the attainder, would have been Earl of Derwent- 
water, s. and h., b. 23 Aug. 1725; sue. his mother as Earl of 
Newburgh, fife. [S.], on 4 Aug. 1755. He ^. 2 Jan. 1786, aged 60. For 
fuller particulars see "Newburgh," Earldom of [S.], er. 1660, sub the 
4th and 5th Earls. 

VII. 1786 7. Anthony James (Radclyffe), Earl of New- 

to burgh, &c. [S.], who, but for the attainder, would 

1 8 14. have been Earl of Derwentwater, only s. and h., 

b. 20 June i"] Sl-(f) He d. s.p., 29 Nov. 18 14, aged 57, 



C) He is said "to have urged his suit fifteen times without success, and then 
to have adopted the expedient of entering the lady's apartment by way of the 
chimney (the incident is represented in a curious picture at Thorndon)." [Diet. Nat. 
Biog.). V.G. 

C") He and the Earl, his br., are said not only to have lost their lives, but 
upwards of j^300,ooo in money value, in the Stuart cause. 

("=) In 1788 the long pending claim to the Derwentwater estates (which by 
entail had been preserved from entire forfeiture) was compromised by Act of Pari., 
and the property was vested in trust for Greenwich Hospital, while an annuity of 
^2,500 was granted to Lord Newburgh and the heirs male under the entail. 



DERWENTWATER 227 



when the male issue of the ist Earl came to an end, and all the 
honours [E.] granted under the patent of 1688 (which since 1716 
had been under attainder) became extinct.^") For fuller particulars see 
" Newburgh," Earldom of [S.], cr. 1660, sul> the 4th and 5th Earls. 



DESART 

BARONY [I.] I. John Cuffe, of Desart, co. Kilkenny, s. and h. of 

J Agmondesham C, of Castle Inch, in that co. (d. Dec. 1727), 

'•^•^' by Anne, widow of John Warden, and da. of Sir John 

Otway, of London, ent. Trin. Coll. Dublin 7 Aug. 1697, 
as Fellow Com., B.A. 1701; LL.D. honoris causii, 17 18; Sheriff of co. Kil- 
kenny, 1708; M.P. forThomastown 1715-27; Mayor of Kilkenny 172 1-22. 
He was cr., 10 Nov. 1733, BARON OF DESART,^) co. Kilkenny [I.], 
taking his seat two days afterwards. He m., istly, 2 Sep. 1707, Margaret, 
da. and h. of James Hamilton, of Carnesure, co. Down, by Christian, da. 
of James Hamilton, of ToUymore, co. Down, but by her had no surv. 
issue. He w., 2ndly, 12 Feb. 1726/7, Dorothea, ist da. of Lieut. Gen. 



(*) In 1865 there appeared at Blaydon, in the Tyne valley, a remarkable 
character claiming to be Amelia Mary Tudor Radcliffe, sua jure Countess of Der- 
WENTWATER, then aged 35. According to her story, John, the 4th Earl, did not die 
a young man and unm. in 1 731, but fled to Germany, and there m. in 1740, at 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, the Countess of Waldstein. Of their eleven children all d. 
young but two, vix. (V) James, the 5th Earl, who sue. his father, but who d. i.p., and 
(VI) John James, the 6th Earl, who ot., 4 June 181 3, the Princess Sobieski. Of 
their six children the eldest (VII) — was the 7th and last Earl, who d. unm. in 1854, 
leaving his property to his only surv. sister (VIII) Amelia, the (soi-disant) iuo jure 
Countess a.ho\tna.mt6. On 29 Sep. 1868, this lady effected a lodgement in Dilston 
Castle, claiming it and some 4 other estates in the Barony as her own inheritance. 
From this she was ejected in two days, but she continued encamped, close by, some 
40 days longer. In 1870, on refusal of a tenant to pay his rent to her, she caused 
his stock to be distrained and sold, of which acts all who were concerned therein were 
found guilty, while "the Countess" was adjudicated a bankrupt, 24 Mar. 187 1. 
From 25 Nov. 1872, till July 1873, she was in Newcastle Gaol for contempt of 
court. In 1874 she made a raid on the Whittonstall estates, and was mulcted in 
heavy damages accordingly. She d. unm., of bronchitis, 26 Feb. 1880, aged 49 
(according to her coflSn plate), at Shotley Bridge, and was bur. at Blackill cemetery, 
CO. Durham. An interesting account, by William Longstaff, of her and her strange 
proceedings is in The Monthly Chronicle of North-Country Lore (Apr. and May I 888), 
vol. ii, pp. 165-170 and 205-212. In Mar. 1870 and again in May 1871 her 
"heirlooms" were sold at Newcastle, including several copies of a lithographed 
pedigree (3J by 2s feet) which shewed "the title of Lady Amelia to the Derwent- 
water Estates." The result of this last auction (one of two days) was ^^275, though 
the effects were valued by "the Countess" herself at jr200,ooo! 

C") See the preamble to this patent (where the merits of his father and grand- 
father are set forth, as also the services of the latter " Protestantium successioni ") in 
Lodge, vol. vi, p. 62. 



228 DESART 

Richard Gorges, of Kilbrew, co. Meath, by Nichola Sophia, da. of Hugh 
(Hamilton), ist Baron Hamilton of Glenawley [I.]. He d. 26 June 
1749, and was bur. at Castle Inch. His will pr. 1749, and that of his 
widow 1777, Prerog. Ct. [I.]. 

II. 1749. 2. John (Cuffe), Baron Desart [I.], 3rd(^) but ist 

surv. s. and h., by 2nd wife, b. 16 Nov. 1730; ed. at 
Dublin Univ.; took his seat in the House of Lords [I.] 25 Nov. 1751. 
He w., 2 Sep. 1752, Sophia, widow of Richard Thornhill, da. and h. of 
Bettridge Badham, of Rockfield, co. Cork, by Sophia, da. of John (King), 
3rd Baron Kingston [I.]. He d. s.p.m., 2^ Nov. 1767, at Desart, aged 37. 
Will pr. 1767, Prerog. Ct. [I.]. His widow d. 2 Aug. 1768, in Merrion 
Str., Dublin. Will pr. 1768, Prerog. Ct. [I.]. 



VISCOUNTCY [I.] 
I. 1781. 

EARLDOM [I.] 
I- 1793- 



[767. 'j 3 and I. Otway (Cuffe), Baron Desart [I.], 

br. and h. male, />. 25 Nov. 1737; matric. at Oxford 
(Ch. Ch.) 1 1 July 1752, aged 15; admitted to the 
Inner Temple, 31 Jan. 1756; took his seat in the 
House of Lords [I.] 22 Dec. 1767. Mayor of 
Kilkenny 1771-72, and 1779-80. On 6 Jan. 
1 78 1, he was cr. VISCOUNT DESART, co. 
Kilkenny [I.], taking his seat, as such, 9 Oct. 
1791, and on 4 Dec. 1793, he was cr. VISCOUNT 
CASTLE-CUFFE and EARL OF DESART [I.], and took his seat 
21 Jan. 1794. Rep. Peer [I.] 1801-04. He m., 18 Aug. 1785, in Dublin, 
Anne, sister of John (Denis), ist Marquess of Sligo [I.], ist da. of Peter 
(Browne), 2nd Earl of Altamont [I.], by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Denis 
Kelly. He d. 9 Aug. 1804, at Dublin, aged 66. Will pr. 1804, Prerog. 
Ct. [I.]. His widow, who was b. 6 Mar. 1755, d. 15 Aug. 18 14, of 
nervous fever, at Clifton. 



2 and 4. John Otway (Cuffe), Earl 

of Desart, (^c. [I.], only s. and h., b. 

20 Feb. 1788, at Dublin; sty/ed Viscount 

804. Castle-Cuffe i 793-1 804; ed. at Eton 

circa 1800-04; matric. at Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 

29 Apr. 1805; M.P. (Tory) for Bossiney 

1808-17; Mayor of Kilkenny 1809-10; a 

Lord of the Treasury 1809-10. He m., 

7 Oct. 1 8 17, Catherine, ist da. and coh. of Maurice Nugent O'Connor, of 

Mount Pleasant, King's Co., by Maria, da. of Sir Thomas Burke, Bart. [I.], 

of Marble Hill, co. Sligo. He d. 23 Nov. 1 820, in his 33rd year, at Desart. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] 



BARONY [I. 
IV. 



(') The 1st s., Joseph, i. 27 Nov. ijiy, d. 13 Dec. 1730, and the 2nd s.. 
Agmondesham, b. 1728, d. 7 Nov. 1728. V.G. 



DESART 



229 



His widow ;«., 26 Jan. 1824, Rose Lambert Price (s. and h. ap. of Sir Rose 
Price, ist Bart.), who d. v.p., 16 Jan. 1826, aged 26, in Ireland. She d. 
13 Feb. 1874, aged 75, at 122 Pembroke Road, Dublin. (") 



EARLDOM AND \ 3 and 5. John Otway O'Connor 

VISCOUNTCY ri.1 (Cuffe), Earl of Desart, &c. [L], only 

s. and h., b. 12 Oct. 18 18, at Desart 
. House; styled Viscount Castle-Cuffe till 
1820; ed. at Eton circa 1830-34; matric. at 
Oxford (Ch. Ch.) 2oOct. 1 836; M.P. (Con- 
servative) for Ipswich, June to Aug. 1842; 
Rep. Peer [I.] i 846-65 ; Under Sec. for the 
He w., 28 June i 842,('') at St. Geo., Han. Sq., 
Elizabeth Lucy, 3rd da. of John Frederick (Campbell), ist Earl Cawdor, 
by Elizabeth, da. of Thomas (Thynne), 2nd Marquess of Bath. He d'., 
through a fall, when suffering from paralysis, i Apr. 1865, in Eaton Sq., 
Midx., aged 46. His widow, who was b. 16 Jan. 1822, and was a Lady of 
the Bedchamber 1845-64, d. 26 Apr. 1898, at Bournemouth, and was bur. 
at Hampton-on-Thames.(') Will pr. over ,^6,000 gross, and over 
;^2,ooo net. 



III. 

BARONY [I.] 
V. 



Colonies Feb. to Dec. 1852. 



EARLDOM AND 
VISCOUNTCY [I.] 

IV. 

BARONY [I.] 
VL 



4 and 6. William Ulick. O'Connor 
(Cuffe), Earl of Desart, ^c. [I.], ist s. 
and h., b. 10 July 1845, in Grosvenor 
[865. Crescent, Midx., styled Viscount Castle- 
Cuffe till 1865; ed. at Eton; Page of 
Honour 1856-62; Lieut. Gren. Guards 
1862; Captain 1865, but retired the same 
year. He established his right to vote at 
elections of Rep. Peers [1.] 6 Mar. 1867. He ;«., istly, i June 1871, at 
Stillingfleet, co. York, Maria Emma Georgina, ist da. of Thomas Henry 
Preston, of Moreby Hall, in that co., by Georgiana Louisa Genevieve, 
3rd da. of Major Gen. Sir Guy Campbell, ist Bart. [18 15]. From her he 
obtained a divorce in May i878.('^) He ;«., 2ndly, 27 Apr. 1881, at 
Christ Church, Down Str., Midx., Ellen Odette, ist da. of Henry Louis 
Bischoffsheim, of Bute House, South Audley Str., financier, by Clarissa, da. ot 



(») She was refused recognition at Court by George IV, after her remarriage, by 
any other style than that of " Mrs. Price." 

C") See vol. iii, p. 123, note "d," sub 2nd Earl Cawdor. 

(') She was beautiful and charming. Napoleon III when staying at Beaudesert, 
on being asked how he liked the house, replied " J'aime beaucoup Beaudesert, mais," 
turning to Lady Desart, "encore plus la belle Desart." V.G. 

{^) She subsequently m., 26 Dec. 1878, at the British Embassy, Paris, Charles 
Sugden, the co-respondent, an actor, against whom she herself obtained a decree nhi 
I May 1 89 1. 



BARONY [I 
VII. 



230 DESART 

J. BiEDERMANN, a goldsmith of Vienna. He d. s.p.m., 15 Sep. 1898,011 his 
yacht off Falmouth, aged ^2- Admon. over ;^3,ooo gross, and over £2°° 
net. His widow, who was l>. 1 Sep. 1857, was living 191 6. 

EARLDOM AND \ 5, 7 and i. Hamilton John Agmon- 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] DESHAM (Cuffe), Earl of Desart [1793], 

•y Viscount Castle-Cuffe [1793], and Baron 

•898. Desart [1733], all in the Peerage of 
Ireland, and Baron Desart of Desart 
[U.K. 1909], br. and h., L 30 Aug. 1848, 
at Richmond; ed. at Radley, and at Trin. 
Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1869; sometime 
BARONY [U.K.] Midshipman, R.N. ; Barrister 1872; Sec. to 

T Judicature Com. 1877; Assist. Solicitor to 

the Treasury 1878; Solicitor to the Treasury, 
Queen's Proctor, and Director of Public 
Prosecutions, 1894-1909; C.B. (civil) 26 May 1894; K.C.B. (civil) 21 May 
1898. He established his right to vote at elections of Rep. Peers [I.] 
1900. On 12 May 1909 he was cr. BARON DESART OF DESART, 
CO. Kilkenny [U.K.].(^) P.C. 1 9 1 3. He w., 1 9 July 1 876, at St. Geo., Han. 
Sq., Margaret Joan, 2nd da. of Henry Thynne (Lascelles), 4th Earl of 
Harewood, by his ist wife, Elizabeth Joanna, ist da. of Ulick John (de 
Burgh-Canning), ist Marquess of Clanricarde. She was I. 2 Oct. 
1853, at Gouldsbrough Hall. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 8,000 acres in co. Kil- 
kenny and 932 in co. Tipperary. Total, 8,932 acres, worth £b,2'ji a year. 
Principal Residence. — Desart Court, co. Kilkenny. 



DE SAUMAREZ 
BARONY. I. James Saumarez, 3rd s. of Matthew S., of 



I. 1831. 



Guernsey, by his 2nd wife, Carteret, da. of James le 



Marchant, of that island, was b. there 11 Mar. 1757. 

He entered the navy at an early age, and the various 
battles in which he distinguished himself are a matter of history. Col. of 
Marines 1799-1801; Rear Adm. 1801; Vice Adm. 1806; Adm. of the 
Blue 1 8 14; of the White 18 19; Adm. of the Red 1830. Rear Adm. of 
U.K. 1 8 19-21, and Vice Adm. of the same 1821-32; Gen. of Marines 1832 
till his death; Elder Brother of the Trin. House 1 834-36. He was knighted 
(as Capt. R.N.) 6 Nov. 1793; was second in command at the battle of the 

(*) On the recommendation of Mr. Asquith, on retiring from the office of 
Solicitor to the Treasury. He is classed as " Independent " in Dod^ but voted with 
the Unionists for the Referendum in 191 1 and against Home Rule and Welsh Dis- 
establishment in 1913; but was in the majority in the formal division on the Parlia- 
ment Bill of 191 1. V.G. 



DE SAUMAREZ 231 

Nile, I Aug. 1790; was cr. a Baronet, 13 June 1801; obtained a victory 
off Algeciras over the French and Spanish fleets, i July 1801, for which he 
received the thanks of both Houses; was nom. K.B. 5 Sep., inv. 17 Nov. 
i8oi,and inst. 19 Nov. 1803; G.C.B. 2 Jan. 1815; Grand Cross of the 
Swedish Order of the Sword; D.C.L. of Oxford, 16 Tune 18 14. In his 
75th year he was, on 15 Sep. 1831, cr. BARON DE SAUMAREZ in 
the island of Guernsey. (") A Whig. He m., 27 Oct. 1788, in Guernsey, 
Martha, da. and h. of Thomas le Marchant, of Guernsey, by Mary, da. 
and coh. of Peter Dobree, of the same. He d. 9 Oct. 1836, at Saumarez, 
in Guernsey, in his 80th year, and was bur. at Catel in that island. His 
widow d. tliere 17 Apr. 1849, aged 80. 

II. 1836. 2. James (Saumarez), Baron DE Saumarez, 1st s. and 

h., b. 9 Oct. 1789, in Guernsey; matric. at Oxford (Ch. 
Ch.) 22 Oct. 1807, B.A. and 2nd class classics 181 1, M.A. 18 14; in holy 
orders; Rector of Huggate, co. York, 1825-63. A Conservative. C") He 
m., 5 Oct. I 8 14, Mary, da. of Vice Adm. William Lechmere, of Steeple 
Aston, Oxon, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Dashwood-King, 2nd Bart. 
She<2'. 12 May 1849 (a few weeks after her mother-in-law), at Cheltenham. 
He d. there s.p., 9 Apr. 1863, aged 73. 

III. 1863. 3. John St. Vincent (Saumarez), Baron DE Saumarez, 

br. and h., being 4th and yst. s. of the ist Baron; b. 
28 May 1806, in Guernsey; ed. at Harrow and at the Royal Mil. Coll., 
Sandhurst; was in the Rifle brigade; became Col. in the Army 1854, retiring 
1855. A Conservative. He m., istly, 2 July 1838, at Paris, Caroline 
Esther, ist da. of William Rhodes, of Kirkshill and of Bramhope Hall, co. 
York. She d. 15 July 1846, aged 28, at Lucerne. He w., 2ndly, 13 Apr. 
1850, at Cheltenham, Margaret Antoinette, 4th da. of William Richard 
Hopkins Northey, of Wing House, Bucks. He d. 8 Jan. i89i,aged 84, 
at 41 Princes Gate, Hyde Park, and was bur. in Brompton cemetery. His 
widow d. 10 May 1904, at 41 Princes Gate afsd., aged 86. 

IV. 1 891. 4. James St. Vincent (Saumarez), Baron de 

Saumarez [1831], ist s. andh. by ist wife, b. 17 July 1843, 
in Montagu Sq., Marylebone; ed. at Eton, Cheltenham Coll., and at Trin. 
Coll. Cambridge, B.A. 1863; sometime Capt. Gren. Guards, retiring 
1867; second Sec. Diplomatic Service 1874-83. A Conservative. Hew;., 
10 Oct. 1882, at St. Peter's, Eaton Sq., Jane Anne, ist da. and coh. of 
Charles Acton Broke, Capt. R.E., of Livermere Park, Sufiblk, by 
Anna Maria, da. of John Hamilton, of Sundrum, co. Ayr. 

(^) This was one of the peerages conferred at the Coronation of William IV. 
See vol. ii, Appendix F. 

C*) He rarely voted in' the House of Lords, but in 1846 he opposed the repeal 
of the Corn Laws, and in 1850 he supported'the vote of censure on the Liberal Govt, 
in respect of the " Don Pacifico " affair. V.G. 



232 DE SAUMAREZ 

[James St. Vincent Broke Saumarez, s. and h. ap., b. 29 Nov. 1889, 
at Saumarez Hall, Guernsey; sometime Lieut. Scots Guards. Special 
Reserve. He served in the European War, and was reported wounded 
24 Dec. 1914.0 He m., 30 Apr. 1914, Gunhild, yr. da. of Major Gen. 
Victor Gustav Balck, of Stockholm, Hon. K.C.M.G.] 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, were under 2,000 acres. Livermere 
Park, with the Suffolk estates of the Brokes, has been acquired subse- 
quently. 

DESKFORD 

See "Ogilvy of Deskford," Barony [S.] {Ogilvy); cr. 1616. 

DESMONDC) 



Thomas fitz Anthony, Seneschal of Leinster, obtained from King 
John, 3 July 12 15, a grant of the custody of cos. Watertord and Des- 
mond — except the city of Waterford — and of the castles of Waterford 
and Dungarvan and the city of Cork, at a rent of 250 marks a year.^ 
Next day, 4 July, the custody of the lands and the heirs of Thomas fitz 
Morice were committed to him.('=) He d. before 26 Apr. 1227, when 
the King gave to Richard de Burgh the custody of cos. Cork and Water- 
ford and all the lands of Decies and Desmond, ^ which the late King 
had given to Thomas fitz Anthony at fee farm, and which Thomas had 
held at his death, together with the lands which Thomas had alienated 
therefrom, by sale, gift, or otherwise. (*) 

He left five daughters his coheirs. (') (i) Helen, wife of Gerald 
de la Roche. (2) Denise, or Dionis, wife of William de Cantelou: she 
d. s.p. (3) Isabel, wife of Geoffrey de Norragh (living 15 Aug. I247).(«) 



(*) For a list of peers and sons of peers who served in this war, see vol. viii, 
Appendix F. 

(•>) This article, down to the year 1462, is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(<=) Charter Roll, 17 Joh., m. 9: Fine Roll, 1 7-1 8 Joh., mm. 8, 9: Patent Roll, 
I 7 Joh., m. 20. A copy of his charter of incorporation of Grennan (now Thomas- 
town), CO. Kilkenny, is on the Patent Roll [I.], 32-33 Hen. VIII, m. 9 d. 

(^) Decies, i.e., Deisi or Deisi-Mumhan (Decies of Munster), so called to distin- 
guish it from Decies of Meath: it comprised nearly all of co. Waterford and the 
southern part of co. Tipperary. Desmond, i.e., Des-Mumha (South Munster). 

(«) Patent Rolls, 1 1 Hen. Ill, w. 7; 27 Hen. Ill, mm. 21, 16; 31 Hen. Ill, m. 3: 
Cloie Roll, 22 Hen. Ill, m. 23. 

(') In 1 23 1-2 these 5 daughters and their husbands paid their reliefs for their 
purparties of the lands of Thomas fitz Anthony in Leinster and co. Waterford. {Pipe 
Roll \l.'], 16 Hen. Ill — Report on Public Records [I], 1810-15, pp. 334-5). It is 
stated in the Ch. Inq. p. m. on John de Prendegaste, Edw. I, file 20, no. 11, 
that Gerald, Geoffrey, and Stephen, abovenamed, were against the King at the battle 
of Kildare [Cuirrech Liffe, i.e., the Curragh of Kildare, I Apr. I 234, where Richard, 
Earl Marshal, was mortally wounded], and therefore were unable to obtain their 
purparties of Decies and Desmond. 



DESMOND 233 



(4) Margery, wife of John fitz Thomas. (5) Desiree (living 2 i Nov. 
I237),C) wife of Stephen I'Arcedekne (living 14 Feb. 1242/3). (') 

John fitz Thomas, s. and h. of Thomas fitz Morice (who d. in 
12 1 3 or I2i4),('') by Sabina or Sadhbh, his wife.('^) Having ;«. Margery, 
da. and coh. of Thomas fitz Anthony abovenamed, he obtained, 23 May 
125 1, a provisional grant of ^^25 a year, in compensation for his purparty 
of Decies.C) On 7 Nov. 1259 Edward, the King's eldest son, at that time 
under age, gave him, for his homage and service, all the lands of Decies 
and Desmond, then in the hand of the said Edward, and which had been 
held by Thomas fitz Anthony, father of Margery wife of the said John, 
and the custody of the castle of Dungarvan, in fee, of which the said 
Thomas had been invested by the gift of King John, and of which he 
had died seized, to hold, to John and his heirs, at a rent of 500 marks a 
year, by the service of ^^^ of a knight's fee.(^) The Justiciar refused to 
give him seizin, saying that the Lord Edward had been deceived, and 
assigned him to appear before Edward's Council: whereupon he took 
seizin himself of these lands in the first week of Lent 1259/60,0 



(') See note " e " on preceding page. 

C*) Thomas was a yr. son of Morice fitz Gerald, one of the conquerors of Ireland, 
his elder brothers being William, of Naas, and Gerald, of Offaly. See Naas and 
Offaly. On 6 Sep. 11 99 the King gave him 5 knights' fees in the tuath of Eleurl in the 
cantred of Fontemel\ and 5 knights' fees in the tuath of Huamerith in Thomond, on the 
Shannon, to hold by the service of 3J knights, in fee, and a burgage within the walls 
of Limerick, to hold by the service of I2d. a year. [Charter Roll, I Joh.,/>. I, m. 13). 
His widow made a fine with the King in Poitou [/'.c, between Feb. and Oct. 1214] 
for the custody and marriage of his s. and h. [Cloie Roll, 16 Joh., p. 2, m. 9), and she 
afterwards paid ^40 for liberty to remarry {Fine Roll, 17-18 Joh., m. 9). 

(') In 1 214-5 Nicholas fitz Leon and Sabina late the wife of Thomas fitz 
Morice made a fine of 600 marks for the custody of the land and the heir of the said 
Thomas, with the marriage of the heir. {Fine Roll, 16 Joh., rti. i). According to 
modern genealogists, the wife of Thomas was " Ellinor, da. of Jordan, and sister of 
Geoflfrey de Marisco [de Marais], Justiciar of Ireland." In the old pedigrees Eleanor 
(or Joan), da. of Geoffrey (or William) Morish or Moryson, Lord Justice, is given as 
wife to various members of the family, sometimes to a Thomas, sometimes to a 
Morice, and the foregoing seems to be no more than a plausible version of these 
conflicting statements. 

(d) Patent Roll, 35 Hen. Ill, m. 8. 

if) With the proviso that if there was common war in Ireland, or if the King 
had certain suspicion of John or of his heirs, quod absit, the castle of Dungarvan should 
be rendered up to the King, to be held by him as long as the war should last, or till 
the suspicion was allayed. And if the premises descended to an heir female, then the 
King might hold the said castle till an heir male succeeded or the same heir female 
should marry. {Gascon Roll, 44 Hen. Ill, m. 5 : Patent Roll [I.], antiquissime, d, 
no. 32: Justiciary Rolls [I.], vol. i, p. 153). 

" Et predictas terras et tenementa una cum balliviis predictis per eandem 
seisinam habuit a predicta prima septimana quadragesime anno regni Regis Henrici 

30 



234 DESMOND 



and held them till his death. He d. 23 July 1261, being slain in a 
conflict with the MacCarthys of Carbery, at Callan in Kerry,(') and was 
bur. in the Dominican Friary at Tralee in that co.,('') which he had 
founded. 

Thomas fitz Morice, called the CrooJ^d Heir,(f) grandson and h., 
being s. and h. of Morice fitz John, by Maud de BarrYjC^), which 
Morice was s. and h. ap. of John fitz Thomas abovenamed, and was slain 



quadragesimo quarto [22-28 Feb. 1259/60] usque ad vigiliam sancti Jacobi Apostoli 
anno regni Regis ejusdem Henrici quadragesimo quinto [Saturday, 23 July 1261] quo 
die obiit." (Ch. /«y. p. m. — on John fitz Thomas, dated Sunday the morrow of 
St. Peter ad vinculo 10 Edw. I [2 Aug. 1282] — Edw. I, file 31, no. i). Cf. Inq. p. m. 
on John de Prendegaste, iit supra. 

(') Annah of Mulufernam^ p. 1 4: Annals of Ulster, vol. ii, p. 330: Annals of 
Loth Ce, vol. i, p. 438 : Clyn, Annales, p. 8: Annals of Ireland, p. 316. These 
give the year only, 1 261. Callainn Gleanna O'Ruachtain, the site of the battle, is 
about 5 miles east of Kenmare. 

{^) " Obierunt felicis recordacionis dominus Johannes filius Thome fundator 
conventus predicatorum de Traly, et dominus Mauritius filius ejusdem Thome 
[/. Johannis] in loco vocato Callyn Desmonie anno domini m''cc°lx°, et sepulti sunt 
in boreali parte monasterii de Traly." (Red Book of the Earls of Kildare, Hist. 
MSS. Com., 9th Report, part ii, p. 288). Grace's obits (Annales, p. 164) are obviously 
derived from the same source as those in the Red Book. John fitz Thomas is said 
to have had by Honora (some call her his 2nd wife), da. of Fedhlim O'Conor Donn 
of Connaught, 4 sons, ancestors of the White Knights, the Black Knights or Knights 
of Glin, the Green Knights or Knights of Kerry, i3c. 

(■=) Annals of Ulster, vol. ii, p. 392: Annals of Loch Ci, vol. i, p. 520. Genea- 
logists call him A nAppagh (simiacus). " This young babe at the tyme of his father's 
death, beeing nursed and fostered at Traley; the report and rumor of this overthrow 
[at Callan] comeing thither, suddainly the nurses running forth cryeing and lament- 
ing, the childe was left all alone, when a monkey that was kept in the house tooke 
him out of the cradle, carryed him to the topp of the castle, there unwrapped 
him out of the swadling cloathes, licked and lapped the childe and folded y* child up in 
the cloathes againe, and . . brought him down againe in safety, and left the sayd child 
where first he found him, and finding the nurse setting by the cradle, gave her a 
sound boxc on the eare, as it is thought thereby warneing and admonishing her to 
looke better hereafter to her charge. You may be sure this is noe fable ; for he ever 
after, during his life tyme, boare the name of Thomas an Appa." (Thomas Russell's 
Relation, 1 638). The whole episode has, however, been claimed as occurring to John 
fitz Thomas, afterwards ist Earl of Kildare. 

{^) She is so called (being then living) in an Inq. p. m. on John fitz Thomas, 
dated Saturday after St. Peter ad vincula lO Edw. I [8 Aug. 1282], and is also so 
called (being then deceased) in the Inq. p. m. on Thomas fitz Morice, 28 Apr. 1 300. 
Although recognizing that this Thomas was only a few weeks old at his father's death, 
the genealogists say that he was son of Morice, not by Maud de Barry, but by 



DESMOND 235 



with his father at Callan. He was b. about Apr. i26i.('') He came to 
England in 1282, C") and the King having taken his homage, he had 
livery of i^ cantreds in Thomond of which his grandfather, John titz 
Thomas, had died seized, 8 Feb. i2 83/4,('') and of the lands in Decies 
and Desmond of which his said grandfather had died seized, saving the 
King's right thereto, 9 May i2 84.('') Subsequently, the King recovered 
these lands, on the grounds that he was a minor when he granted them, 
and that John fitz Thomas had intruded thereon without livery from 
the King or his ministers. But on 6 Feb. 1291/2 the King gave to 
Thomas titz Morice and Margaret his wife, the King's cousin, all the said 
lands of Decies and Desmond and the custody of the castle of Dungar- 
van, to hold, to them and the heirs of Thomas, at a rent of 200 marks 
a year, by the service of half a knight's fee: saving to the King the 
crosses (') in the same lands, and the said counties [of Waterford and 
Desmond], and the pleas and profits, fffc, pertaining to those counties 
and to the Crown. ('^) He was sum. for Military Service from 29 June 
(1294) 22 Edw. I to 17 May (1297) 25 Edw. I, by writs directed Thome 
filio Mauricii. Keeper {Gustos) of Ireland, 19 Apr. to 2 Dec. 1295, 
holding the place and receiving the salary of Justiciar. (") He ;;;., before 



a former wife, Joan or Julian, da. of John de Cogan, who " brought into the family" 
Carrigaline and many other manors, co. Cork. But Carrigaline (Beauver), fs'c., 
belonged to the family of Cogan till 12 June 17 Hen. VI, when they were sold to 
James, Earl of Desmond, by Robert Cogan, Captain of his nation (Cotton MSS., 
Titus, B II, f. 235 v: Carew MSS., vol. 608, f. 25 v). And Julian de Cogan was 
really da. of Gerald fitz Morice (who d. i 243), and sister of Morice fitz Gerald of OfFaly, 
called Ruadh (who was drowned in the Irish sea, 28 July 1268), being wife of John 
de Cogan, and aunt and h. of Gerald fitz Morice of Offaly, Captain of the Geraldines, 
called Rochfalyaht, who d. s.p. in 1287. See Cogan and Offaly. 

(*) He reached his age shortly before 13 Apr. 1282, according to a writ ot 
that date. {Ch. Inq. p. m. — on John fitz Thomas — Edw. I, file 31, no. i). 

(b) Patent Rolls, lO Edw. I, w. 15; 12 Edw. I, m. 20: Close Roll, 12 Edw. I, 
mm. 9, 5. He appears, from entries on the Patent Rolls, to have been constantly in 
England till Feb. 1291/2. On 4 Apr. 1291 he witnessed a charter of Roger, Earl 
of Norfolk, dated at Berkeley. {Close Roll, 19 Edw. I, rn. 5 d). 

("=) Crociis, crosses or cross lands, that is, Church lands exempt from the juris- 
diction of the lords of the liberties. The calendarers of the Carew MSS., vol. v, 
p. 404, translate the word absurdly, as " profits of saffron," and Jeayes, Berkeley 
Charters, p. 147, as "all the saffron growing on the said lands." 

(^) Charter Roll, 20 Edw. I, ;?;. 9: Patent Roll [I.], antiguissime, no. 17. 

(") He was paid for his services from 19 Apr. to 2 Dec, as Keeper of Ireland, 
holding the place of Justiciar (worth ^^500 a year), for 196 days, ^^269 16s. O^d., and 
as coming with an armed force from Munster to Leinster on account of the war in 
Ireland, for the other 31 days at lOOj. a day, ^^155. {Pipe ^fl//[with a mistake in tlie 
figures] and Chancellor's Roll, 27 Edw. I, Hihernia). He had been locum tenens for 
the preceding Justiciar since Jan. 1294/5. {Justiciary Rolls [I.], vol. i, p. i). The 
next Justiciar was appointed 18 Oct. 1295. {Patent Roll, 23 Edw. I, m. 3). 



236 



DESMOND 



7 Feb. 1283/4, Margaret, da. of Sir Thomas de BerkeleYjQ of Berkeley, 
CO. Gloucester [Lord Berkeley], by Joan, da. of William (de Ferrers), 
Earl of Derby. He ^. 4 June I298,('') at Knockainy, co. Limerick, 
and was bur. in the Dominican Friary at Tralec^) His widow »/., 
before 5 Apr. I299,('') without the King's lie. (fine of ;^50o),(^) Reynold 
RosEL or Russel. They were both living, 4 May I320.('^) 



Thomas fitz Thomas, s. and h., b. on (or about) 2 Apr. 1290.0 
He d. s.p. before 2 Apr. 1309.0 



(*) The fact, that Margaret was the King's cousin, restricts the inquiry as to 
her paternity to a very few families. Thomas fitz Morice made a fine with the King 
in 700 marks for his marriage, and Thomas de Berkeley bound himself to pay the whole 
of this sum. {Fine Rolls, 12 Edw. I, 711. 16; 13 Edw. I, m. 18: Close Roll, 12 Edw. I, 
m. 4 d). Thomas de Berkeley had a da., Margaret, to whom no husband has hitherto 
been assigned. The charter of 6 Feb. 129 1/2 is still among the muniments at 
Berkeley Castle. Further evidence is given elsewhere in these notes of a close connec- 
tion between the Berkeleys and Thomas fitz Morice, his wife, and his sons. It may 
therefore be confidently asserted that Margaret, wife of Thomas fitz Morice, was da. 
of Thomas de Berkeley, and consequently granddaughter of Isabel, called the King's 
cousin, da. of Richard de Dovor, illegitimate son of King John. The statement in 
the pedigrees that the wife of Thomas fitz Morice was "Margaret de Burgh " can be 
readily explained. For the mistake of Burk" for Berk' in deciphering the scrawls on 
which Irish genealogists depend for their information would be likely enough. 

C") Extents of the lands late of Thomas fitz Morice, "qui obiit die Mercurii 
proxima post festum sancte Trinitatis anno regni regis Edwardi xxvj°." (Exch., K. R., 
Accounts, 233, no. 6). 

{f) "In medio chori." (Harleian Roll, P 8). So also Grace [Jnnales, p. 164), 
with a wrong date, 1296. 

("i) Justiciary Rolls [I.], vol. i, pp. 238, 295: Fine Roll, 28 Edw. I, w. 13: Patent 
Roll [I.], 13 Edw. II, no. 45. In Aug. 131 1, at the request of Thomas de Berkele, 
Reynold and Margaret were given leave to pay a debt to the King of ^300 by yearly 
instalments of j^30. [Close Roll, 5 Edw. II, m. 31). 

(') "Thomas filius Mauricii." Writ ol plenius cerciorari 19 Mar. 28 Edw. I, 
Inq., Ireland, Thursday after St. Mark [28 Apr.] 1 300. "Thomas filius Thome 
primogenitus est propinquior heres ipsius Thome et est de etate decem annorum ad 
Pascham anno regni regis Edwardi vicesimo octavo." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 
94, no. 2). On 9 July 1298 Thomas de Berkele mainperned to render up when 
required the s. and h. of Thomas fitz Morice, a minor, if the King should deliver him 
to Margaret his mother, the King's cousin, and late the wife of the said Thomas 
fitz Morice. {Close Roll, 26 Edw. I, m. 6). The marriage of Thomas, s. and h. 
of Thomas fitz Morice of Ireland, was granted to Thomas de Berkeleye the elder, 
7 Feb. 1300/1. {Patent Roll, 29 Edw. I, m. 29). 

(') "Thomas filius et heres Thome filii Mauricii." Writ of diem cl. ext. 
2 Apr. {Close Roll [I.], 2 Edw. II, d., no. 292). 



DESMOND 237 

EARLDOM I. MoRiCE fitz Thomas,(') next br. and h., b. 1393. 

1 r, On 5 Apr. 13 14 the King took his fealty and he had 

■^""' livery of his lands. C") He was sum. for Military Service 

from 3 Apr.(i322) 15 Edw. II to 8 Dec.(i322) i6Edw. II, 
by writs directed Mauricio filio Thome. He was present in a Pari, at Dublin, 
Easter I324.('') On 16 July 1327 he was admonished for refusing to 
obey the Justiciar.C') Having quarrelled with the Earl of Ulster, peace was 
made between them in a Pari, at Dublin in Mar. 1329.Q On 27 Aug. 
1329 the King gave him all the royal liberties in co. Kerry, except the four 
usual pleas and the profits from the crosses, to hold, to him and the heirs 
male of his body, by the service of a knight's fee, by the name and honour 
of EARL OF DESMOND, and on this account the King girded him 
with the sword :('^) on the same day he was granted the advowson of the 
church of Dungarvan, that he might the better support the dignity of an 
Earl.Q He was pardoned for all offences committed in Ireland before 
10 Oct., 14 Oct. 1329.0 In 1330 he assisted the Justiciar, John Darcy, by 



(*) The arms of the Earls of Desmond were. Ermine, a saltire Gules. Crest, a 
boar Ermine, fretty Gules (or charged with a saltire Gules), armed and maned Or, and 
(sometimes) placed on a chapeau. Supporters, two male griffons Argent, their horns and 
rays [spikes] Or. Cry, " Shanet a boo" [Shanid, co. Limerick]. As there is no 
monkey in this achievement, the episode narrated above, p. 234, note " c ", must be 
awarded, if heraldic evidence is worth anything, to a Geraldine of the line of Kildare. 

(b) Patent Roll, ID Edw. II, />. 2, m. 18: Close Roll [I.], 1 8 Edw. II, no. 12: 
Close Roll, I Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 21 d. 

(<=) On this occasion the Earl of Ulster gave a great feast in the Castle, Morice 
gave another next day in the Church of St. Patrick, and the Justiciar gave a third 
at Kilmainham. (Grace, Annales, p. 1 1 2). 

C^) " Edward . . . Come pur le bon et greable seruice qe nostre cher et foial 
monsire Morice filz Thomas Dirlande ad fait a noz progenitours et a nous et vncore fra 
a nous en temps auenir lui eoms donez et grantez pur nous et pur noz heirs totes noz 
reales franchises qe nous auoms en Contez de Keri en nostre dite terre Dirlande forpris 
les quatre pledz cest a sauer forstal rap' tresor trouez et arzon et aussint les seruices des 
Croces en meisme le Contez a auer et tenir au dit Morice et a ses heirs madles de son 
corps engendrez de nous et de noz heirs par le seruice de vn fe de Cheualier sur noun et 
honur de Counte de Dessemond' et sur ce li auoms ceint despe Et aussint eantz 
regard' au seruice auantdit et qe le dit Morice se puisse du mielz contenir en lestat de 
Conte lui eoms pardonez pur nous et pur noz heirs a terme de sa vie la rente de deux 
Centz marcs par an la quele rente est appellee la rente de Dongaruan." (Ch. Privy 
Seals, I, file 164, no. 2879: also — without the last clause, which is on the Patent Roll, 
p. 2, m. 24.— Charter Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, m. I 5). 

(*) Patent Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 24. This grant was revoked in Pari., 
because it had been made by the advice of Roger de Mortimer, the King's enemy. 
{Idem, 7 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 3). 

(f) Patent Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 12. In 1 329 he purchased, or pretended 
that he had purchased, from one Thomas de Carreu, who alleged himself to be 
kinsman and heir of Robert fitz Stephen, the over-lordship of the manors of Inchequin 
and Youghal, which manors were then held by Margaret, widow of Bartholomew 
de Badlesmere. (Enrolments of deeds on Close Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, m. 13 d). But 



238 



DESMOND 



subduing the O'Nolans and the 0'Mores.(*) He was prohibited from attack- 
ing the Earl of Ulster, 19 June 1330: (*") both Earls were taken into custody, 
but Desmond escaped. (^) He was ordered, 28 Sep. 1330, to appear 
before the King and Council, to receive justice in a certain matter-C") 
He absented himself from the Pari, held at Dublin in July I33i,but made 
peace with the Justiciar, Anthony de Lucy, at Kilkenny, on 5 Aug., and swore 
fealty to the King.(*) He was, however, arrested at Eimerick, 16 Aug., 
and sent to Dublin Castle on 7 Oct.(*) Here he remained about 
18 months, when, having found mainpernors, he was released. (^) On 
16 July 1334 the royal liberties in co. Kerry, which the King had resumed, 
were restored to him.('') He was sum. for Military Service against the 
Scots, 8 May 1335, and accompanied the Justiciar, John Darcy, in his 
expedition to Arran and Bute in the autumn of that year.C^) The King's 
resumption of all grants made by himself or his father in Ireland,(') and 
the removal from office of all Irishmen, and Englishmen who held no land 
in EnglandiC) having aroused much resentment, the Anglo-Irish lords 
absented themselves from a Pari, summoned by the Deputy Justiciar, 
John Morice, in Oct. 1341, and assembled at another convened by them- 
selves at Kilkenny in Nov.Q There they formulated their grievances and 
their charges against the King's officials.(«) The Earl of Desmond took a 
leading part in this affair. He sum. a Pari, at Callan on his own initiative 
in Feb. 1344/5, but the magnates summoned failed to attend. C") He was 

it was found by inquisition that the said Robert fitz Stephen — who together with 
Miles de Cogan had been enfeoffed by Henry II of all the demesne of Desmond 
except the city of Cork — was a bastard and had d. s.p. {Fine Roll, 5 Edw. Ill, m. 4). 
It appears from a writ, dated 20 June (1342) 16 Edw. Ill, that the Earl of Desmond 
then detained and occupied all the lands in Ireland of which Giles de Badlesmere (son 
of Margaret) had died seized, on the pretext that they were held of him, and not oi 
the King. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 57). 

(*) Annals of Ireland, pp. 372-378: Clyn, p. 23. 

{") Close Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, mm. 29 d, 21 d. 

(<=) Patent Roll, 8 Edw. Ill, p. Urn. 4. Grant ratified, 28 Nov. 1336. {Idem, 
10 Edw. Ill, p. 2,m. 13). 

{^) Clyn, p. 26: Close Roll [I.], 9- 10 Edw. Ill, no. 40. The year is usually 
given incorrectly as 1333. 

(«) Fine Roll, 15 Edw. Ill, m. 14; Close Roll, p. 2, m. 28. The writs to the 
Justiciar are dated 24 and 27 July. 

Annals 0/ Ireland, p. 383. Previous to this " nunquam inter Anglicos in 
Anglia oriundos et Anglicos in terra Hibernie oriundos ita notabilis et manifesta 
divisio habebatur." 

(s) The petitions and the King's answers are on the Ciose Roll, 16 Edw. Ill, 
p. 1, mm. 25 d, 24 d. 

(•■) " McccxLiv. Item in festo Cathedre Petri fuit parliamentum factum apud 
Callan et quare ncscio, ad quod venit Mauricius filius Thome cum multis millibus 
hominum, ad quod credidit majores terre ad eum venisse : sed Rex timens talia con- 
venticula suspecta et pocius malum quam bonum ex hoc evenire, per breve Regis 
prohibitum est omnibus ne venirent. Et per hoc majores terre predicto Mauricio se 
excusabant sed domi manserunt." (Clyn, p. 30). 



DESMOND 239 

sum. for Military Service in France, 10 July I344.(^) Having absented 
himself from a Pari, held at Dublin in June 1345, the Justiciar, Ralph 
d'UfFord, seized his lands into the King's hand, and besieged and took his 
castles.C') The Earl escaped and could not be found, and the lands, tt'c, 
of his mainpernors were therefore forfeited. C') He was excepted from 
pardon, 12 May I346,('') but on 28 June he received a special pro- 
tection. In order that he might come to England to answer his accusers 
before the King, as he had been impeached of things prejudicial to the 
King in Ireland.('^) On 20 July the Justiciar was ordered to send him 
to England,(') and he embarked at Youghal with his wife and two sons 
on 13 Sep., the King making him an allowance of 20s. a day from the 
time he reached England. Q He remained in custody for a long time. 
On 18 Feb. 1347/8 he was released, his mainpernors having undertaken to 
produce him before the King when required.(8) On 28 Nov. 1349 he 
was admitted to the King's grace, pardoned for all treasons, acts of war, 
and outlawries, and restored to his former estate, obtaining his castles and 
lands, together with the issues thereof since these had been taken into the 
King's hand: but he was required to leave his two sons then in England as 
hostages during the King's pleasure. C") He returned to Ireland about 
May I350.('') On 16 Sep. 1351 he received a special protection against 
his enemies in Ireland. C") He was again in England in May i2SS-(!') ^n 
8 July 1355 he was appointed Justiciar of Ireland,(') and held the office 
till his death. He w., istly, 5 Aug. 13 12, at Green Castle, co. Down, 
Katherine,(') 6th da. of Richard (de Burgh), Earl of Ulster, by Margaret, 

(*) He was to bring 20 men-at-arms and 50 hobelers. {French Roll, 
18 Edw. Ill, m. 6). 

C") The lands of Clonmel, Kilsheelan, Kilfealcle, Connello, Kerry, and Desmond. 
His principal strongholds, Askeaton and Castle Island, were captured 30 Sep. and 
21 Oct., respectively. (Clyn, p. 31). Cf. Annals of Ireland, pp. 385-8. 

(') His mainpernors (appointed in 1333) were the Earls of Ulster and Ormond, 
and 25 others, knights. They were all pardoned (several being then dead), 10 July 
1355- [Patent Roll, 29 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 1 3). 

(<*) Patent Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, mm. 32, 29; Patent Roll [I.], no. 8. His 
mainpernors in June were Sir Thomas de Berkele, Sir Reynold de Cobham, and Sir 
Morice de Berkele. 

C) "... qil vendra en Engleterre et se rendra au Roi de ester a la lei a respondre 
au Roi et as touz autres de ceo qe homme vorra parler deuers lui et de faire et de receiure 
ceo qe droit et lei veet en celle partie." If he did not come, process was to be made 
against him according to the law of Ireland. [Close Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 25 d). 

Annals of Ireland, p. 389. 

(^ His mainpernors were Ralph, Baron of Stafford, Thomas de Berkele, 
Richard Talbot, and Reynold de Cobham. [Close Roll, 22 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 34 d). 

(t) Patent Rolls, 23 Edw. Ill, /.. 3, m. 9; 24 Edw. III,/). I,m. 13; 25 Edw. Ill, 
p. 2, m. 8; 29 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 4. 

(') Patent Roll, 29 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 12. His salary — ;^500 a year — was 
specially ordered to be paid quarterly in advance. 

(J) "Mcccxii. In crastino sancti Dominici dominus Mauricius filius Thome 
desponsavit Katherinam filiam Comitis Ultonie ad Viride Castrum." [Annals of Ireland, 



240 DESMOND 

his wife. She d. about i Nov. 133 1, at Dublin. (*) He is said to have 
m.^ 2ndly, Margaret, da. of Conor O'Brien of Thomond.('') He w., 3rdly, 
before 20 Apr. I344,Q Aveline, said to have been da. of Nicholas fitz 
MoRiCE of Kerry.C^) He ^.25 Jan. 1355/6, in Dublin Castle, and was 
bur. in the Dominican Friary at Tralee.(*) His widow had livery of her 
dower, 10 Feb. 1357/8. (') She was living 14 Mar. 1358/9. («) 

p. 341). "Mcccxiii. In Natali Domini dominus Mauricius filius Thome duxit 
ad domum uxorem suam Katerinam filiam Ricardi comitis Ultonie." (Clyn, p. 11). 
"Katerina uxor Mauricii filii Thome" occurs i8 Jan. 1317/8. (Patent Roll \\.l\, 
1 1 Edw. II, p. 2, no. 76). By his charter, dated at Athassel, 12 Jan. 16 Edw. II, 
Richard dc Burgh, Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaught, granted divers lands and 
tenements to the Lord Morice fitz Thomas and Katherine his wife. (Copy in Carew 
MSS., vol. 608, f. 26v). In spite of this conclusive evidence, Irish genealogists agree 
in calling Katherine de Burgh " Margaret," reserving the name Katherine for her 
sister, the Countess of Louth, whose name was really Aveline. 

(*) " Mcccxxxi. Circa festum Omnium Sanctorum obiit Dublinie Katerina 
de Burgo uxor Mauricii filii Thome." (Clyn, p. 24). 

C") Conchobhar O'Briain (a yr. son of Turlough or Toirdhelbhach, King of 
Thomond), who was slain in battle at Thurles, 19 July 1329. 

(<=) Patent Roll, I 8 Edw. III,/. \,m. 17. 

(•*) If this was the case, Aveline was sister of Morice fitz Nicholas of Kerry, who, 
joining in an insurrection of the Irish in 1339, was captured by the Earl, and died in 
prison. See Kerry. 

C) "McccLV. In die Conversionis sancti Pauli obiit idem dominus Mauricius 
filius Thome in castro Dublin', Justiciarius Hibernie, non sine magno suorum merore 
et aliorum omnium pacem diligentium, Hibernicorum terrore et tremore. Primo 
sepultus in choro Predicatorum Dublin', ultimo humatus in conventu Predicatorum 
Traly. Hie Justus erat in officio in tantum quod suspendebat suos consanguineos pro 
furto et rapina et malefactis eorum sicut alienos, et bene castigans Hibernicos." 
{Annali of Ireland, p. 392). "... die lune in festo Conversionis sancti Pauli . . . obiit 
in civitate Dublinie." (Memorandum in Cal. Eccl. Cath. S. Trinitatis Dublin, p. 61). 
For some observations on the entail of the Desmond lands in 1342/3, see 
Appendix J to this volume. 

(') Also of the manors of Kilfeakle and Kilsheelan, and the vill of Clonmel, 
CO. Tipperary, of the gift of Piers de Grandson, and the manor of Rathmaceandan, 
of the gift of Miles Ketyng, of which she had been jointly enfeoffed with the Earl, 
formerly her husband, in fee tail. {Close Roll [I.], 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, d, nos. 66, 67, 78). 

(s) Close Roll [I.], 33 Edw. Ill, d, no. 93. On the English Close and Patent 
Rolls, 39 to 46 Edward III, there are six writs concerning the manor of Rathkeale, 
CO. Limerick, said to be held of the Countess of Desmond, and one in 49 Edw. Ill, 
in which [reciting a writ of 2 Dec. 48 Edw. Ill] the manor is said to have been 
formerly held of the late Countess, but was then held of the Earl [Gerald], her s. and 
h. There is here some confusion between two Countesses of Desmond. By an Inq., 
taken before Gerald Fitz Morice, Earl of Desmond, Justiciar of Ireland, and others, 
Friday after Trinity 41 Edw. Ill, it was found that the manor of Rathkeale was 
then held " de Thoma de Roos milite et Beatrice uxore ejus ut de manerio suo de 
Inskyfty ut de jure ipsius Beatricis ad terminum vite ejusdem Beatricis reversione diet! 
manerii de Inskyfty post mortem ipsius Beatricis ad Geraldum Comitem Desmond' 
et heredes suos spectante." This evidence seems conclusive. Cf. note "b," p. 242, 



DESMOND 241 

II. 1356. 2. MoRiCE (fitz Morice), Earl of Desmond, s. and 

h.jC) b. 31 July 1336, at Newcastle in Connello, 
CO. Limerick, and bap. there the next day.C") On 14 Feb. 1355/6 he was 
given the custody of his father's lands till he came of age,^) and had liverv 
of those lands, 16 Oct. 1357, his homage being respited. C') He »;., in 1350, 
Beatrice, da. of Ralph (de Stafford), Earl of Stafford,('^) by Margaret, 
da. and h. of Hugh (d'Audley), Earl of Gloucester. On 14 Feb. 1355/6 
he and his wife had livery of the lands of which they had been jointly en- 
feoffed. ('). He d. s.p. between 20 Apr. and 5 June 1358, aged 21, being 
drowned in crossing the Irish sea.O The custody of his castles and of 



below. Yet in a later Inq., consequent on the writ of 2 Dec. 48 Edw. Ill, dated 
Thursday before Pahn Sunday 49 Edw. Ill, it is stated that the manor of Rathkeale 
was then held " de Comite Dessemon' ut de manerio sue de Inskyfty," and had been 
held " de nuper Comitissa Dessemon' ut de dicto manerio de Inskyfty." (Ch. 
Misc., ID, file 23, nos. I, 10). But the Countess Beatrice lived till 141 5. 

{") Though the genealogists differ as to which of the ist Earl's wives was the 
mother of his younger sons, Nicholas, Gerald, and John, they agree in stating that his 
1st wife, Margaret — meaning Katherine — de Burgh, was mother of his eldest son, 
Morice. It is, however, obvious that this was not the case. 

C") " Mauritius filius et heres Mauricii nuper Comitis Dessemon' defuncti . . . 
qui apud Novum Castrum de Oconyll' in comitatu predicto [Lymer'] natus et in 
ecclesia ejusdem ville baptizatus fuit ut dicitur." Writ de etate probanda, 26 May 
31 Edw. in England and 18 in France. "Probacio etatis Mauricii filii et heredis 
Mauricii fitz Thomas nuper Comitis Dessemon'," Kilmallock, co. Limerick, Friday 
after St. Peter ad vinculo [4 Aug.] 1357, ". . . per venerabiles patres . . . Epis- 
copos Lymer' Imciac' Kerig* ct Laoniens' qui presentes fuerunt tempore nativitatis 
ipsius Mauricii . . . et dicunt quod predictus Mauritius ... est de etate viginti uin'us 
annorum die Lune in vigilia sancti Petri advincula anno supradicto . . . et Nicholaum 
le White capellanum qui dicit quod dictus Mauritius ... est de etate viginti unius 
annorum die Lune supradicto Requisitus quomodo hoc scit dicit quod ipse dictum 
Mauricium baptizavit in ecclesia novi castri secundo die post ipsius nativitatem." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 138, no. 7). 

(<>) Cloie Rolls, 30 Edw. Ill, m. 23; 31 Edw. Ill, m. 7. The writ of livery [I.] 
is dated 10 Mar. [1357/8]. [Close Roll [I.], 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, no. 17). 

C^) On I Aug. 1358 Ralph, Earl of Stafford, had livery of the purparty of co. 
Kilkenny which he had demised for a term of 10 years, of which 8 had elapsed, to 
Morice, late Earl of Desmond, who had married Beatrice, da. of Ralph. [Close Roll 
[I.], 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, no. 56). 

(^) Close Roll, 30 Edw. Ill, w. 21. These lands had recently been taken into 
the King's hand by reason of the late Earl's debts to the King. 

(') Annals of Loch C^, vol. ii, p. 16, and note by O'Flaherty to the Annals of 
the Four Masters [vol. iii, p. 613], citing the Annals of O' Mulconry, both ad annum 
1357. Actording to the genealogies, he d. "suddenly," at Castlemaine, co. Kerry, 
and was bur. in the Dominican Friary at Tralee. A charter of " Moricz Counte 
de Dessemound' " was "Don' a Loundres Mardy le iour seint Piere aduincula" 
31 Edw. Ill [i Aug. 1357]. [Inspeximus on Patent Roll, 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 29). 
There is a writ of livery, dated at Cork, 20 Apr., in which he is mentioned as 

31 



242 DESMOND 

two-thirds of his manors, ifr'c, was committed, by reason of the minority of 
his heir, to Ralph, Earl of Stafford, i Aug. 1358.0 His widow was still 
under age, 16 June 1358, when her guardians were appointed for a 
year.(') Her dower was ordered to be assigned, i Aug. 1358. ('') She w., 
indly (royal lie, i Jan. i358/9),('^) before 24 Sep. 1359,0 Sir Thomas 
DE Roos, of Helmsley, co. York [Lord Roos]. He, who was l^. 13 Jan. 
1336/7, at Stoke Albany, Northants, and /?ap. there,^ d. 8 June 1384,0 
at Uffington, co. Lincoln, aged 47, and was i>ur. in Rievaulx Abbey. Will, 
directing his burial to be in that Abbey Church, dat. at Thornholm, co. 
York, Sunday before the Purification 1373 [29 Jan. 1373/4], pr. at Lincoln, 
19 Aug. 1384. (Lincoln R^g-, vol. xii, f. 284). She m., 3rdly (pardon for 
marrying without royal lie, 20 Aug. I385),(^) Sir Richard de Burley, of 
Birley, co. Hereford, who d. s.p., 23 IVIay 1387,0 at Villalpando in the 
Kingdom of Leon, being then Chief Marshal of the English Army.(«) 
She d. 13 or 14 Apr. 141 5-0 Will dat. 26 June 1414, pr. 16 May 
1415-0 



living. The writ of diem cl. ext. is dated at Kilmallock, 5 June. {Cloie Roll [I.], 
32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, d, nos. 79, 100). 

(•) Cloie Roll [I.], 32 Edw. Ill, ^ 2, no. 54; Patent Roll, p. I, w. 5; Patent 
Roll [\.\ no. 18. 

(•>) Close Roll [I.], 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, no. 55. A writ of amoveas manum, dated 
20 June, liberated to her the manors of which she and her husband had been jointly 
enfeoffed, viz.. Mallow, co. Cork, Shanid, Askeaton {Inyskifti), and Glenogra, co. 
Limerick. [Idem, d, no. lOl). 

if) Patent Rolls, 32 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 4; 33 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 4. 

C') Proof of age of Thomas de Roos, br. and h. of William de Roos of Helmsley 
deceased. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 141, no. 7). Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Thomas de 
Roos of Helmsley chr.), Ric. II, file 33, no. 68. See Ros of Helmsley. 

{') Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 490, no. 3715: Patent Roll, 9 Ric. II, p. I, m. 40. 

(') "Ricardusde Burley chivalerdefunctus." W rks of mandamus ^oMzy 1 1 Ric. II. 
Inq., COS. Cambridge, Hereford, 17 June and 22 July 1388. " Et dicunt quod dictus 
Ricardus de Burley obiit die Jovis proximo ante festum Pentecostes anno predicti 
Regis Ricardi nunc x° sine herede inter ipsum et predictam Beatricem uxorem ejus 
exeunte ac eciam sine herede de corpore suo exeunte et dicunt quod Willelmus de 
Burley frater dicti Ricardi propinquior heres ejus est et est etatis xxxij annorum et 
amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 49, no. 5: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 55, 
no. 3). 

(*) Froissart, lib. iii, cap. 91. 

C") Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Beatrice, late the wife of Thomas de Roos of Helmsley 
chr.), Hen. V, file 14, no. 44. See Ros of Helmsley. 

(') rori Reg., Bowet i, f. 357V. " Domina Beatrix domina de Roos . . . corpus 
meum sepeliendum infra chorum ecclesie Prioratus de Wartre." Her seal, attached 
to a deed dated 12 Aug. 5 Hen. IV (Addit. Charter, no. 22391), bears a shield tierced 
in pale: dexter, Roos; centre, Stafford; sinister, [Or], three bars, in chief two pallets 
[Sable], on an escutcheon [Gules] three bars [Ermine], Burley. Above the shield an 
anchor in fesse. Supporters, two greyhounds sejant, collared, and lined to the anchor. 
Legend, " Sigillum domine beatricis de Roos." 



DESMOND 243 

Nicholas (fitz Morice), next br. and h., aged 19 or 20 at his 
brother's death. He was an idiot,('') and never possessed the Earldom 
nor had seizin of his inheritance.('') 

III. Before 3. Gerald or Garrett (fitz Morice), Earl of 

1363. Desmond, next br. and h.^) He was given the custody 

of the lands of his br., Morice, 3 July i358,('') and had 
livery thereof, 20 July 1359, on condition of maintaining his br., 
Nicholas. Q He was sum. to a Council at Waterford, 18 Mar. 1358/9, 
by writ directed GeralJo filio Mauricii fitz Thomas nuper Comitis Dessemon\(') 
Was appointed a commissioner to inquire concerning the oppressions 



(*) Order to the Justiciar of Ireland to examine Nicholas, s. of Morice late Earl 
of Desmond, and if he is found to be an idiot, to take his lands into the King's hand 
and deliver them to the custody of Ralph, Earl of Stafford, and if necessary inquire 
whether Nicholas has been an idiot from birth or for how long, as the King is informed 
that Nicholas is an idiot incapable of taking care of himself or his lands, and it pertains 
to the King to provide for the supervision of the lands of idiots, that they be not 
wasted nor alienated: 8 Oct. {C/ose Roll, 32 Edw. Ill, m. 12). 

C") There is no authority for the date, 1367, given for his death. It is due to 
some genealogist who thought that Gerald, the 3rd Earl, first appeared as such in 1367. 
Lodge, who states that Nicholas left male descendants (the MacRobertsof Bellamullin), 
makes John, younger br. of Nicholas, to have been his elder br., and 3rd Earl from 
1358 to 1369. John indeed d. in 1369, according to Grace's obits, but Grace does 
not call him, nor was he ever. Earl of Desmond. 

C^) He was son of the 1st Earl by his 3rd wife, Aveline. See p. 240, note "g." 

C) The King, in order to allay the "magna commocio et guerrina perturbacio," 
which after the death of Morice, Earl of Desmond, had arisen among the Irish enemies 
and the English rebels in Munster, conceded to Gerald of Desmond, the said Earl's 
br., the custody of all the castles, lands, and serjeanties, in cos. Waterford, Cork, and 
Kerry, which the said Earl had held at his death, now in the King's hand by reason 
of the minority of the Earl's heir: also the custody of the lands in Ossory belonging to 
Nicholas of Desmond, br. of Gerald, in the King's hand by reason of the minority of 
Nicholas or because he is an idiot: to hold during the King's pleasure, paying yearly 
as much as shall be agreed: 3 July. {Patent Roll [I.], 32 Edw. Ill, no. 11). 

(') The King, considering the probity, sense, and virtues, inherent in Gerald, 
the younger of the brothers {fratre juniore) of Morice fitz Morice, late Earl of Des- 
mond, ordains that Gerald shall marry the eldest da. of James le Botiiler, Earl of 
Ormond, "absque donacione propter nupcias eidem Geraldo aliqualiter facienda." And 
in place thereof has granted to Gerald all the castles, landh, liberties royal or otherwise, 
tJc, late of the said Morice, which are in the King's hand by reason of the death of 
Morice, and the idiotcy of Nicholas, the elder of the brothers [fratris seniorls) of 
Morice, to hold as long as they are in the King's hand for the said cause, provided that 
Gerald find the said Nicholas his elder br. [fratrem suiim seniorem) in food, clothing, and 
other necessaries. Mandates to the said James, Earl of Ormond, Justiciar of Ireland, 
and to Ralph, Earl of Stafford, to deliver the premises to Gerald and the said da. of 
Earl James: 20 July. {Close Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, m. 22; Patent Roll, p. 2, m. 19). 

{') Close Roll [I.], 33 Edw. Ill, no. 22. 



244 DESMOND 

caused by the King's ministers, 30 May 1363, being then styled Earl of 
Desmond. (') Appointed Justiciar of Ireland, 20 Feb. 1 366/7. p On 
3 IVIar. 1368/9 William de Windesore was appointed to succeed him, with 
the title of King's Lieut, in Ireland. ('') On 10 July 1370, he was cap- 
tured, with many others, in an engagement with the native Irish under 
Brian O'Brien, King of Thomond, at Monaster Nenagh, co. Limerick.(') He 
was sum. to four Parliaments (three at Dublin and one at Castle Dermot), 
20 Nov. 1374 to 29 Apr. 1382, by writs directed Geraldo fitz Morice comiti 
Dessemon .(^) He had a quarrel with the Earl of Ormond in 1384, a treaty 
between them being at length effected by the King's agents after a 1 5 days' 
conference at Clonmel, Oct. -Nov. of that year.(') Was appointed a 
deputy of the Lieut, of Ireland for the defence of Munster, 4 Jan. 1385/6,0 
a justice of assize in the cross of Kerry, 15 Jan. 1385/6,0 a guardian of 
the peace in cos. Limerick and Kerry, 8 Dec. 1388 and 8 Sep. 1391,0 
and in cos. Cork, Limerick, and Kerry, 26 Oct. 1391.0 He had another 
quarrel with the Earl of Ormond in 1386/7, the Earl of Kildare being 
appointed, 14 Mar., to settle the dispute. Q He was sum. to a Council 
at Kilkenny, 7 Apr. 1395.O He m., after 20 July 1359, Alianore, ist 
da. of James (le Botiller), Earl of Ormond, by Elizabeth, da. of Sir 
John Darcy, of Knaith, co. Lincoln [Lord Darcy]. She d. in 1392.(^3 
Hed'. in 1398.C) 



Patmt Roll, 37 Edw. Ill, />. I, w. 1 1 d. 

('') Patent Rolls, 41 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 29; 43 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 27. He 
actually continued in office till William de Windesore arrived in Ireland, 20 June 
1369. {Annals of Ireland, p. 397). 

(•=) Annals of Loch 67, vol. ii, p. 42: Annals of Ireland, pp. 282, 397: Grace, p. 154. 
He was ransomed in 1370 or 1371. (Note to the Annals of the Four Masters, vol. iii, 
p. 654, in which work the date " 1369 " is given for the battle). 

(d) Close Rolls [I.], 48 Edw. Ill, d, no. 132; I Ric. II, no. 75; 4 Ric. II, d, 
no. 66: Patent Roll [I.], 5 Ric. II, p. 2, d, no. 125. 

Close Roll [I.], 8 Ric. II, no. 28: Patent Roll [I.], p. i, d, no. 77. 

(*) Patent Rolls [I.], 9 Ric. II, d, nos. 238, 242; 12 Ric. II, no. 217; 15 Ric. II, 
d, nos. 87, 94; ID Ric. II, d, no. 220: Close Roll [I.], 18 Ric. II, no. 69. 

(s) Annals of Loch LV, vol. ii, p. 74. 

C*) Annals of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 40. The Annals of Clonmacnoise (trans. Mageogh- 
egan, p. 319) say that "the lord Garrett, Earle of Desmond, a nobleman of wonderfull 
bounty, mirth, cheertullness in conversation, easie of access, charitable in his deeds, a 
witty and ingenious composer of Irish poetry, a learned and profound chronicler, 
. . . died penitently after receipt of the sacraments of the holy church." The account 
by the Four Masters agrees. It is, however, otherwise stated that he was something 
of a magician, and was " by enchantment carried away " from Newcastle in Connello. 
The Irish, when besieged in Limerick in 169 1, are said to have expected that this Earl 
would come to their assistance. According to Harl. MSS., no. 1425, f. 41, and Cotton 
MSS., Titus, CiO, f. 55, he was slain by O'Brien in 1397 or 1398, but in this state- 
ment there is perhaps some confusion with the battle in 1370, where, according to 
some ill-informed writers, he was killed. 



DESMOND 245 

IV. 1398. 4. John (fitz Gerald), Earl of Desmond, s. and h. 

He was knighted before Apr. I395.(*) He is said to have 
m. Mary, da. of the MacWilliam Burk.C") He d. 4 Mar. 1399/1400,0 
being drowned in the Suir, at the ford called Bel-atha-an-droiched, near Ard- 
finnan, co. Tipperary,('') and was bur. in the Franciscan (or South) Friary 
at Youghal. 

V. 1400. 5. Thomas (fitz John), Earl of Desmond, s. and h., 

aged about 14 at his father's death. On 29 May 1400 
the King committed to Thomas, s. of John fitz Gerald late Earl of Desmond, 
and to Morice fitz Gerald uncle of Thomas, the custody of the late 
Earl's castles and manors in cos. Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary, and 
Waterford, to hold during the King's pleasure. (") On 13 Mar. 1405/6 
the King committed to the same Thomas the custody of all the castles, 
lordships, liberties, &q., then in the King's hand, ot which Gerald fitz 
Morice, late Earl of Desmond, his grandfather, had died seized in his 
demesne as of fee, to hold until the said Thomas reached his age-O He 
was appointed a justice in cos. Cork, Limerick, and Kerry, and the crosses 
thereof, 8 Sep. 1407, being then styled Earl of Desmond. On 21 Aug. 
141 3 he was in England, about to go on the King's service to Ireland 
for the safe keeping of that land, with 60 men-at-arms and 300 archers. («) 



(*) Close Roll\l.'], 18 Ric. II, no. 59. Lodge states that he was made Sheriff of 
Kerry, 12 Apr. 1386, but the person then appointed Sheriff of the cross of Kerry 
was John fitz Morice {Patent Roll, [I.], 9 Ric. II, no. 1 14). 

C") Thomas Burk (s. and successor of Edmund Albanach\ MacWilham lochtar 
{i.e., of Lower Connaught) from 1375 to 1401 [Annals of Loch C^, vol. ii, pp. 50, 92), 
may be the person indicated: but it is somewhat suspicious that this Earl and his br. 
James should each be described as having m. a Mary, da. of a MacVViUiam Burk. 
According to Lodge, the Earl m. Joan, da. of Lord Fermoy. 

{') "Johannes nuper Comes Dessemon'." Writ of /Hem cl. ext. dated at Clonmel 
30 May. {Close Roll [I.], I Hen. IV, no. 8). 

C) " J399> dum agros Ormonie comitis popularetur submersus est in conspectu 
copiarum a mbel atha an droiched for Siuir." (Note by O'Flaherty to the Annals of tlu 
Four Masters [vol. iv, p. 761], citing MacFirbis). Bel atha means "the mouth of the 
ford." 

(') Patent Roll [I.], I Hen. IV, no. 92. This probably accounts for the state- 
ment in the Book of Howth that Morice fitz Gerald was 5th Earl of Desmond, till his 
death in 1410. 

(') Patent Rolls [I.], 7 Hen. IV, p. 2, no. 67; 8 Hen. IV, d, no. 92. 

(e) Patent Roll, I Hen. V, p. 3, m. 18 d; cf. p. 4, m. 4, p. 5, m. 30. On 12 Sep. 
1413 he had licence to grant away the advowson of Dungarvan. {Idem, p. 5, 'w. 9: 
Patent Roll [I.], 2 Hen. V, no. 37). This appears to have been for an attempt — 
countenanced by Henry V — to regain his inheritance, the advowson being sold, to raise 
money for his expenses, to the Abbey of Keynsham, the Abbot of which accompanied 
him, as did the Earl of Ormond (with 40 men-at-arms and 160 archers). In the 
/I nna Is of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 66, and the Annals of the Four Masters, vol. iv, p. 816, 
under the year 1414, it is said that the Earl of Desmond came into Ireland this year 
with a force of Saxons to devastate Munster. A modern writer observes that James 



246 DESMOND 

Having, it is said, been benighted when out hunting, he unfortunately 
"was obliged to take up his lodgings at the Abbey of Feale," where he 
saw Katherine, the da. of one of his tenants, William MacCormicke, com- 
monly called the Monk of Feale, and afterwards married her. Owing to 
this imprudent match, his friends and tenants abandoned him, and his uncle 
James thrice expelled him from his estates, and finally obliged him to 
surrender the Earldom in I4i8.(*) He then "pined away and died" at 
Rouen or at Paris, and was bur. at Paris, 10 Aug. 1420, in the Church of 
the Franciscans, or in that of the Dominicans.('') 

VI, 1420. 6. James (fitz Gerald), Earl OF Desmond, uncle of the 

last Earl, being a yr. s. of Gerald, the 3rd Earl. On 8 Dec. 
1388 his father obtained royal lie. to send him to Conor O'Brien of Tho- 
mond hibernicum to be brought up {nutrienduni).{^) As James, s. of Gerald 
late Earl of Desmond, he was appointed a justice and guardian of the peace 
in cos. Waterford, Cork, and Limerick, and in the cross of Kerry, 10 Dec. 
i42o.('^) By indentures, dated Saturday before the Purification 9 Hen. V 
[31 Jan. 1 42 1/2], James, Earl of Ormond, appointed him Keeper, Governor, 
and Supervisor of all the baronies and lordships of Inchiquin and Imokilly, 
and of the town of Youghal, and Seneschal in all the said baronies and 
lordships, to hold for life, and to receive therefrom a moiety of all the rents 
and other profits of the same.C^) Having brought from Munster to Carbury 



expelled his nephew, despite the opposition of the Viceroy, on account of his marriage, 
marriage with the native Irish being penal under the Statute of Kilkenny. It seems 
more likely that this foster-son of O'Brien affected to succeed his brother by tanistry. 

(^) The Annals of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 60, and the Annals of the Four Masters, 
vol. iv, p. 804, say that James banished him in 1411, but assign no reason. Lodge 
states that the Earl made a formal surrender of the Earldom to his uncle James at 
Callan in 141 8, and that James got the Earldom confirmed to himself and his heirs 
by Act of Pari, [there is nothing on the subject in the printed Statute Rolls'], Also 
that James gave to Morice, the Earl's son, "an Earl's son's portion of land," vtT,., the 
manors of Moyallow, Broghill, and Kilcolman. The existence of this Morice and his 
descendants (the FitzGeralds of Broghill and others, according to most genealogists) is 
awkward, as it renders, according to any known doctrine, all the subsequent Earls of 
Desmond usurpers. More thoughtful writers accordingly bastardize the issue of Earl 
Thomas. In a statement of claim to Decies (Carew MSS., vol. 610, f. 87), dated 
161 2, it is stated "Then cometh James ... to be Earl of Desmond, by unjust disin- 
heriting of his nephew Thomas . . . which was banished into Normundy, and there 
died without issue." 

{^) The King of England being present at his funeral. Henry V may have been 
at Paris on 10 Aug. 1420, and the legend is so far plausible. 

{^) Patent Rolls [I.], 12 Ric. II, no. 88; 8 Hen. V, no. 18. 

C^) He is styled Earl of Desmond in the charter, a copy of which is in Carew 
MSS., vol. 613, ff. 24V-25V. In an agreement which he made, Tuesday after the 
Annunciation 9 Hen. V [i Apr. 142 1 ] — not 9 Hen. IV as in the printed Calendar 
— with Patrick fitz Morice fitz John, Captain of his nation, he is styled Earl of Desmond 
and Lord of the liberty of Kerry. [Patent Roll [I.], 32-33 Hen. VIII, m. 4 d: Copy 
in Cotton MSS., Titus, Bii, f. 331). 



DESMOND 247 

a force of 5,000 men to assist in suppressing the ravages of O'Conor and 
Meiler Bermingham, he was granted a subsidy from the towns of Meath, and 
was appointed, 23 Aug. 1423, Constable of Limerick Castle, in compensation 
for his expenses. (") He obtained lie, /or ///c, 11 Aug. 1445, ^° appear in 
Parliaments and Great Councils in Ireland by proxy whenever he could not 
conveniently attend in person. C") He m. Mary, ist da. of Ulick mac 
Rickard Burk, the MacWilliam Uachtar {i.e., of Clann Rickard). She d. 
in 1435. (") He d. at Mocollop in 1462 or I463,('') and was bur. at 
Youghal. 



VII. 1462. 7. Thomas FitzJames (FitzGerald), Earl of 

Desmond [I.], s. and h. Steward of Connaught and 
Constable of Limerick Castle, 2 Aug. 1462; in which year he raised the 
siege of Waterford, which had been invested by the Lancastrian forces 
under Sir John Butler. Lord Deputy of Ireland to George, Duke of 
Clarence, 1463-67; founder of the College of Youghal, 27 Dec. 1464.0 
He m. his cousin, EllicejO da. of William (Barry), 8th Lord Barry or 



(>) Patent Roll [I.], I Hen. VI, no. 6 1, and d, no. 118. He is styled Earl of 
Desmond in both writs. 

(•>) Patent Roll, 23 Hen. VI, p. 2, m. 12. The 13th Earl, in renouncing this 
privilege for himself and his heirs [5(V], stated that the "Erles of Desmond have ever 
claymed syns the behedding of my grandefather [the 7th Earl] in Drougheda, coming 
to a Parliament ther holden, to have privelege and exemtion to apeare in no Parlia- 
ment ne Grande Counsaill to be holden in this lande, nether to come within walled 
town under the Kinges obedience." The disinclination of the Earls of Desmond to 
attend Pari, dates however from the time of the 1st Earl. As to James fitz John, the 
Lord Deput)-, Sir Anthony St. Leger, in sending in that Earl's submission (of date 
16 Jan. I 540/1), which includes the above renunciation, says, "he will not failc God 
willing to be here at Dublyne at the Parliamentc. Wherfore if it may please Your 
Majestie to geve unto him parliamente roobes and som aparell, wherof he hathe grete 
laclce and not furnisht with substance to bye the same ... it shalbe to him a greatc 
comforte. I as a poore man gave unto him gowne, jackette, doblette, hose, shertes, 
cappes, and a riding cote of velvet, whiche he toke very thankefuUy, and ware the 
same in Lymerycke, and in all places where he wente with me." {State Papers, temp. 
Hen. Fin, vol. iii, pp. 285-290). 

{') " 1435. The Countess of Desmond died this year, namely the daughter of 
Mac William Burc, and wife of James the Earl." [Annals of Ulster, vol. iii, p. 134). 

(^) 1463, according to the Annals of Loch Ce, vol. ii, p. 164, Annals of Ulster, 
vol. iii, p. 208, and the Annals of the Four Masters, vol. iv, p. 1 024. In the letters 
patent, of date 2 Aug. 1462, mentioned in the text, Thomas fitz James is styled Earl 
of Desmond: but he perhaps was so only practically, his father being then very old. 
The genealogists give the year 1462 as the date of the death of Earl |ames. 

(*) He also built the chancel of St. Mary's Church in that town. V.G. 

(*) In a list of "the Earl of Desmond's evidences," Carew mentions a "grant 
by William Barry of Oleghan to Thomas FitzJames, Earl of Desmond, and Ellice 
Barry his wife," dat. (l 458-9) 37 Hen. VI. V.G. 



248 DESMOND 

Barrymore [I.], by Ellen, da. of Lord Roche [!.].(') He was found guilty 
of extorting " coyne and livery " by a Pari, held at Drogheda, where he 
was beheaded 15 Feb. 1467/8, C") and bur. in St. Peter's Church, but 
subsequently removed to Christ Church, Dublin.('=) His widow m., as 
2nd wife, Maurice Mor FitzGibbon, the White Knight, who was living 
1496. 

VIII. 1468. 8. James FitzThomas (FitzGerald), Earl of Des- 

mond [1.], s. and h., who received considerable grants 
from the King.C^) Constable of Limerick Castle 29 June 1476. He m. 
Margaret, da. of Teige O'Brien, Prince of Thomond. He d. s.p.m., 7 Dec. 
1487, aged 28, being murdered "by the stroke of a bullet" at the 
instigation of his yr. br., Sir John of Desmond, at his house Courtmontresse, 
near Rathkeale, co. Limerick. He was bur. at Youghal. 

IX. 1487. 9. Maurice FitzThomas (FitzGerald), Earl of 

Desmond [I.], called Bacagh {i.e. "the lame") or 0/ i/ie 
Chariot (from being generally so carried), called also Bellicosus, br. and 
h. male. On 7 Apr. 1488 he had lie. of entry into his lands as if he 
had sued out livery. He was one of the 15 Irish Peers sum. by 
Henry VII in 1489 to England, but did not obey the summons.(*) He 
joined the rising for Perkin Warbeck, and laid siege to Waterford from 



(*) In previous accounts he is said to have m. Elizabeth, da. of John Kittagh 
(Barry), 7th Lord Barry, by Elh'ce, da. of Gerald (FitzGerald), 3rd Earl of Desmond. 
V.G. 

(*>) John (Tiptoft), Earl of Worcester, the Chief Governor, through whom this 
act was carried out, was himself executed 18 Oct. 1470, for this and other acts of 
injustice. The story runs that Elizabeth Widville, the Queen Consort, who was a 
bitter enemy to Desmond, had procured (privately) a privy seal warrant for his arrest 
and execution. According to the Four Masters, this Earl was "the most illustrious 
of his tribe in Ireland in his time, for his comeliness and stature, for his hospitality 
and chivalry, his charity and humanity to the poor." 

("=) Sir Gerald FitzThomas (FitzGerald), called Gerald Oge, his 5th son, slain in 
1477, was ancestor of James, who but for the attainder would, apparently, in 1687 
have been entitled to the Earldom. Ste post, p. 257, note " b." 

('') In Sep. 1484, Richard III intimated to the Earl his desire "to receive him 
into tender favour, both for his nobleness of blood, and for the manifold services and 
kindnesses rendered by the Earl's father, at great jeopardies and charges to himself, to 
the Duke of York, the King's father." He also requested the Earl to renounce "the 
wearing and usage of the Irish array," and to adopt English apparel. The Bishop of 
Enachdun was authorized to receive his oath of allegiance, and to deliver to him the 
King's livery, consisting of a collar of gold with his cognizance of a white boar 
pendant from a circlet of roses and suns. (Gilbert's Viceroys of Ire/and). V.G. 

(*) See their names in vol. i. Appendix A, Table of Ranking. The cause of 
this summons is stated to be as under: " The King being still jealous of the nobility 
of Ireland, whom he knew to be exceedingly addicted to the House of York, sent for 
most of them [in 1489] to come over to him into England." 



DESMOND 249 



2'? July to 3 Aug. 1497, but made his peace the same year. H 

Ellen, da. of Maurice (Roche), Lord Roche of Fermoy [1.]. ..., 

2ndly, Honor, da. of John FitzGibbon, the White Knight. He d. 1520, 
and was bur. at the Friars Preachers at Tralee. 



e ;«., istly. 
He 



X. 1520. 10. James FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), Earl of 

Desmond [I.], only surv. s. and h. He corresponded 
treasonably with Francis I of France in 1522, and with the Emperor 
Charles V,(") was proclaimed a rebel and traitor, and a bill for his attainder 
was drawn up, the Act to take effect from 10 Nov. (1522) 14 Hen. VIII. C") 
He m. Amy, da. of Turlogh Mac-1-Brien-Ara, Bishop of Killaloe. He 
d. s.p.nt., at Dingle (or Rathkeale), 18 June 1529, and was bur. (with his 
father) at Tralee.('=) His widow w/., as 2nd wife, Edmond (FitzMaurice), 
Baron of Kerry and Lixnaw. She d. before 1537. 



XI. 1529. II. Thomas FitzThomas (FitzGerald), Earl of 

Desmond [I.], called Maol {i.e. "the bald") and also 
the Victorious, uncle and h. male, being 3rd s. of the 7th Earl. He was 
b. 1454. In 1530 he confirmed the district called "the Decies " to his 
kinsman. ('') He ;«., istly, Shela (or Gille), da. of Cormac Laidir McTeige 
MacCarthy, Lord of Muskerry, by Mary, da. of Edmond (Fitz- 
Maurice), Baron of Kerry and Lixnaw. She was living I505.('') He 
w., 2ndly, Catherine, da. of John FitzGerald, of Dromana, Lord of 
the Decies, by Ellen, da. of John FitzGibbon, the White Knight, which John 
FitzGerald was s. and h. of Gerald Mor., the 2nd s. of James, 6th Earl of 
Desmond abovenamed. He d. at Rathkeale, 1534, aged about 80, and was 
bur. at Youghal. His widow, the celebrated Old Countess of Desmond, sur- 

(*) On 20 June 1523 he made a convention at his Castle Esquetin with Francis I 
of France for war on England. {Letters and Papers, Henry Fill, vol. iii, part 2, 
pp. 1306-07). A good deal can be read about the Earl in the same series, vol. iv, 
part 3. On pp. 2429-30 there is a report on him from Cork by Gonzalo Fernan- 
dez to Charles V, which states " He is 34 years old, of middle height, very well 
spoken; he is cool and confident in batde. He walks lame, having a gunshot wound 
in one leg. He keeps better justice in his land than any lord in Ireland, especially 
as to theft and murder." V.G. 

C') As there was no Irish Pari, between 1522 and his death the bill never be- 
came an Act. 

(*=) He left an only da. and h., Joan; see suh 14th Earl. V.G. 

C) On 5 May 1532 he writes to Henry VIII of having received livery of his 
Earldom, and excuses himself for not sending his grandson and heir to England at 
present. V.G. 

(") A lease of Corbynne, co. Cork, was granted by Gerald FitzThomas, Earl 
of Kildare, to "Gilis ny Cormyk, wife to Sir Thomas of Desmond," dat. 9 June (1505) 
20 Hen. VII. {Kildare Rental). V.G. 

32 



250 DESMOND 

vived him nearly 70 years, and d. s.p.m., 1604, aged 140 years as generally 
reported, but more probably about gj-C) 

[Maurice FitzThomas (FitzGerald), only s. and h. ap. by ist 
wife. He m. his ist cousin, Joan, da. of John FitzMaurice FitzGibbon, 



(*) From a review in the Her. and Gtn.y vol. viii, pp. 269-280, of an exhaustive 
work on Human Longevity, by William J. Thorns, F.S.A., 1872, it appears that the 
greatest number of years assigned to anyone in our own country is as under, vit.. (i) 
169 years to Henry Jenkins who d. 1670, (2) 152 years to "Old Parr" who d. 
1635, and (3) 140 years to the Countess of Desmond who d. 1604. Of the 
Countess there is " a portrait now at Muckross claiming (in its inscription) to have 
been painted in 1614 (really nine years after her death)." She was, however, "first 
made famous from a passage in Sir Walter Raleigh's Hhtory of the World (16 1 4)," 
who states that he himself knew her and that she " wai married in Edivard IV' i time " 
and ^Uived in I 589 and many yean sina;" and " again in the Itinerary of Fynes Moryson 
( 1 6 1 7) it is stated that ' in our time, the Irish Count eae of Desmond lived to the age of about 
1^0 yearef, being able to go on foote four or five miles to the market towne and using weekly 
so to do in her last yeares; and not many yeares before she died she had all her teeth renewed.'' 
Upon these two passages all subsequent accounts of the old Countess from Lord Bacon 
and Archbishop Usher down to the days of Pinnock's Catechisms and Penny Cyclopjedias 
have been founded, with various imaginary embellishments of which the most ornamental 
are derived from the Historic Doubts of Horace Walpole and the poetry of Thomas 
Moore." The date of her marriage is unknown, but as her husband's former wife was 
living in I 505* it " did not take place till long after the death of King Edward IV nor 
perhaps her birth either; her dancing with Richard, Duke of Gloucester, being nothing 
but an imaginative embellishment given by Horace Walpole." In his first state- 
ment Sir Walter Raleigh was wrong, but as her husband died in 1534 she might 
well be called the old Countess in 1589, having been a widow for 55 years. Her 
death took place in 1 604, according to Sir George Carew, but not, upon any good 
evidence, by falling from a cherry tree as was sung by Tom Moore, in his " Fudge 
Letters," where he relates 

" That she lived to much more than a hundred and ten 

And was killed by a fall from a cherry tree then ; 

What a frisky old girl !" 
In the Earl of Leicester's Table Book, it is stated that " shee must needs climb a nut- 
tree to gather nuts, see falling down, ^c." See Sir B. Burke's Vicissitudes of Families, 
2nd series, p. 416. The date of her marriage may have been any time between 1505 
and 1 534. She was, however, young enough to bear children or, at all events, one child 
Katherine, wife of Philip Barry Oge. If, indeed, she did marry as early as 1505, and 
was then 41! she would have been 140 in 1604, but if the marriage took place in, 
say, 1531, at her much more probable age of 21 she would at her death have been 
but 94 years of age, and if in 1521 at the same age (21), she would have died at the 
age of 104, possibly a date transformed into 140. No additional information on this 
point is furnished by R. Sainthill in his book upon her. Sir John Harington mentions 
her age as "above 120" when writing in 1605 of Ireland. The story of her having 
come up to London in 1587 to supplicate for a pension relates (not to her, but) to 
Eleanor, widow of the rebel Earl. G.E.C. Her claims and those of "Old Parr" 
and others to have been centenarians are disposed of by Sir George Cornewall Lewis 
in two ponderous volumes. V.G. 

* i.e. 20 Hen. VII, not (1528) 20 Hen. VIII, as sometimes (incorrectly) stated. 



DESMOND 251 

the White Knight.(*) He d. (six months after his father became Earl) of 
plague, at Jerpoint, in Kilkenny, 1529, v.p.^ and was bur. there.] 

XII. I534-C') 12. James FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), Earl of 

Desmond [I.], called The Court P<-ige, grandson and 
h.jC") being only s. and h. of Maurice FitzThomas and Joan his wife, 
abovenamed. Havingbeensentto England by his grandfather, he was brought 
up in the English Court, and became Page to Henry VIII. (') He was sent 
back to Ireland with a great retinue, but was slain at Leacansgail, co. Kerry, 
"the friday before Palme Sondaie," 1 539/40, by his cousin Maurice 
Fitzjohn (called Maurice an Toihuhi, or "of the burnings"), br. to the next 
Earl.('') He m. Mary, da. of Cormac Oge MacCarthy, Lord of Mus- 
kerry, who was br. to his grandmother abovenamed. He d., as above stated, 
s.p.m.,(^) 19 Mar. 1539/40, and was bur. with his grandfather at Youghal. 
His widow m. Daniel O'Sullivan-More, and d. 1548. 

XIII. 1540. 13. James FitzJohn (FitzGerald), Earl of Des- 

mond [I.], cousin and h. male, being 2nd but ist surv. 
s. and h. male of Sir John of Desmond, by More, da. of Donogh O'Brien, 
of Carrigogunnell, co. Limerick, which Sir John was 4th s. of the 7th 
Earl, and had himself assumed the Earldom in 1534 to the exclusion of 
his great-nephew next abovenamed. (*") On 4 Feb. 1536/7, the Lord 
Deputy Grey wrote to the King recommending that the claim of James 
Fitzjohn [doubtless based on his father's claim] to the Earldom should be 
allowed. He himself petitioned the King 3 Mar. 1538/9. On his prede- 

C) This John was son of Maurice Mor FitzGibbon, by Ellice, widow of Thomas, 
7th Earl of Desmond {d. 1468), who was grandfather of Maurice FitzThomas {d. 
1529). See letter from "James FitzJohn of Desmond" to Henry VIII, dat. 3 Mar, 
1538/9, in which he states that "the mother of the said James FitzMorice, being 
daughter to the late White Knyght deceased," was '■^coayn germaine to the said 
Morice." V.G. 

(•*) The succession of the 12th Earl was disputed by Sir John (FitzThomas 
FitzGerald), of Desmond, his great-uncle, 4th s. of the 7th, and yr. br. of the 8th, 
9th, and nth Earls. This John, who styled himself "Earl of Desmond," and is 
sometimes so considered, is mentioned in the letter of Stephen ap Parry (see next note) 
as " an old man " who can speak very good English. He d. at a great age, in the 
Abbey of Tralee (having assumed the habit of a Dominican friar), in June 1536. 
G.E.C. and V.G. 

(=) Captain ap Parry writes to Cromwell, from Waterford, 6 Oct, 1535: — 
"Thys yeong mane [the Earl of Desmond] spelces very good Ynglyshe, and kepthe 
hys here and cap after the Ynglyshe faschion upone hys hede . . . And hys sayng was 
that he wold be content with all his hert yf Sir John a Desmond, hys uncyl, wold 
cume and submyt hymeself un too the King and hys counsell." V.G. 

{^) On 4 Apr. 1540, the Council of Ireland write to the King, "James Fitz- 
maurice of Desmond has been slain by Maurice, the brother of James Fitzjohn, 
whereby the latter has concentrated in himself the whole title to the Earldom." 
{Letters and Papers [I.], Hen. Fill, 1 509-1573, p. 53). V.G. 

(*) His only da., Judith, d. unm. 1565. 



252 DESMOND 

cesser's death he proclaimed himself Earl,(^) but was not recognised as such 
by the English Govt, until later. He was present in the Pari, that recog- 
nised Henry VIII as King of Ireland. C") Having previously been rebel- 
lious, he made his peace and submitted to the English authorities, being 
made P.C. [I.] Feb. 1 540/1. Lord Treasurer [1.] 1542-51 and 1553-58. 
He m., istly, his great-niece Joan, da. of Maurice (Roche), Viscount 
Fermoy [I.], by Eleanor, da. of Sir Maurice Fitzjohn FitzGerald, yr. 
br. to him, the said 13th Earl. He, however, repudiated her on the ground 
of consanguinity and treated her issue as bastards. (') He m.^ 2ndly, before 
1533, More,^) da. of Sir Maolrony O'Carroll, Lord of Ely O'Carroll, 
by Margery, da. of Turlogh O'Brien, Captain of Thomond, and Ellen, da. 
of Thomas Fitzjames (FitzGerald), the 7th Earl. She d. 1548. He m., 
3rdly, before Feb. 1 549/50, Catherine, widow of Richard (Power), Baron 
le Power [I.], da. of Piers (Butler), Earl of Ossory and Ormond [I.], 
by Margaret, da. of Gerald (FitzGerald), Earl of Kildare [I.]. She, 
by whom he had no issue, d. at Askeaton, co. Limerick, 17 Mar. 1552/3. 
He m., 4thly, in 1553, Eveleen, sister of Donald, ist Earl of Clancare 
[I.], da. of Donald MacCarthy, son of Cormac Ladrach MacCarthy 
Mor.(^) He d. 14 Oct., and was bur. i Nov. 1558, in the Franciscan 
Friary at Askeaton. His widow m., as his first wife, Conor (O'Brien), 
3rd Earl of Thomond, who d. Jan. 1 580/1. She d. in 1560, and was 
bur. in Muckruss Abbey. 

XIV. 1558 14. Gerald FitzJames (FitzGerald), Earl of 

to Desmond, called The Rebel Earl, who, if the issue of his 

1582. father's ist wife are to be considered bastards, would have 

been heir of his father, being ist s. by the 2nd wife;/", about 
1533; knighted at Waterford 30 Nov. 1558. He was recognized as Earl 
of Desmond, in the Pari, that sat at Dublin 12 Jan. 1559/60; app. a Com- 
missioner " for the exercise of the Queen's ecclesiastical jurisdiction " 
9 June 1564. On the death of his ist wife (Ormond's mother), the 
hereditary feud between the Geraldines and Butlers broke out afresh; 
Desmond (while on a predatory expedition in the Decies) was surprised 
by the Earl of Ormond and defeated in a pitched battle at AfFane, co. 
Waterford, i Feb. 1564/5, where he was severely wounded and taken 

(») Letters and Papers, Hen. Fill, vol. xi, p. 90, letter from the Council of 
Ireland. V.G. 

C") As to his renunciation of his privilege to appear in Parliament and Great 
Councils by proxy, made in his Declaration of Allegiance, dat. 16 Jan. 1540/1, see 
ante, p. 247, note " b." V.G. 

(■=) See pedigree in Hayman's Unpublished Geraldine Documents. 

{^) "Mora ene Karweli, wife of the Earl of Desmond," had a grant of "English 
liberty," 21 June 1541. {Fiants, Hen. VIII). V.G. 

(') " Lady Ellen McCartie More, Countess of Desmond," da. of Donald 
McCartie, "otherwise called Lord McCartie More," had a grant of "English 
liberty," 4 Nov. 1555. {Fiants, Ph. and Mary). V.G. 



DESMOND 253 

prisoner. He was sent over to England Dec. 1567, and confined in the 
Tower till 1570 (being joined there in that year by his 2nd wife), and 
afterwards remained in the custody of Sir Warham St. Leger till Mar. 
1572/3. He then returned to Ireland, and was thenceforward a source of 
constant anxiety to the Queen's Government. Though one of the greatest 
subjects in Europe, his restless spirit was not contented, and for nearly 
10 years (the confederacy into which he entered being dated 18 July 1574) 
he carried on intrigues against the English govt.,(*) though he did not openly 
rebel till Oct. 1579. At one time, owing to foreign help and other causes, 
his rebellion was very dangerous, but his chances of success gradually 
diminished; his adherents tor the most part made their peace separately with 
the Government. He was attainted 15 Nov. 1582, whereby all his 
honours (as also his estates of some 600,000 acres) became forfeited. 
Declining to surrender unconditionally, he was reduced to lurking in 
various hiding places with two or three followers. Finally he was slain 
while under attainder, 11 Nov. 1583, at Glenagintigha, near Tralee, co. 
Kerry, by one Daniel Kelly.C") He w., istly, in 1550 or 1551, his 2nd 
cousin, Joan, widow of Sir Francis Bryan, Knight Marshal and Lord 
Justice of Ireland (who d. 2 Feb. 1549/50), and before that of James 
(Butler), Earl of Ossory and Ormond [I.], da. and sole h. of James 
FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), loth Earl of Desmond [I.], by Amy, his 
wife abovenamed. By her, who d. 2 Jan. 1564/5, and was /?ur. at Ask- 
eaton, he had no surv. issue. He w., 2ndly, before 11 Jan. 1567/8, 
Eleanor, da. of Edmond (Butler), Baron Dunboyne [1.], by Cicely, da. 
ot Cormac Oge MacCarthy, Lord of Muskerry. She joined him in 
England before July 1570, and remained with him till his return to Ireland 
in 1573. C) He was slain as aforesaid, 11 Nov. 1583, his headC) was 
fixed over Loiidon Bridge (" ingens rebellibus exemplar''), and his body 
bur. in Kilnamanagh Chapel, Ardnegrath, co. Kerry. (') His widow, who 
was granted a pension by Queen Elizabeth in 1586, is described in 1589 
as being, with her children, " in want of meat, drink, and clothes." She 
w., between 7 June 1597 and 2 Feb. 1597/8, Sir Donogh O'Connor Sligo, 



(*) These seem to have been fomented and supported by Pope Gregory XIII, 
who entertained the wild idea ot" making his son, Jacomo, King of Ireland. V.G. 

C") " This Garrett was betrayed by his owne foresters, who with theire owne 
hands did cut of his head at Glunegeinhagh co. Kerry; for which inhuman act theyre 
name still remains odious." Kelly was granted a pension of ;^20 a year for this 
service, but going to London, was soon after hanged at Tyburn. [Unpubliihed 
Geraldine Documents). V.G. 

(') In August 1580 she had a free pass to have interviews with the Irish Govt., 
and endeavoured to make terms for the Earl. According to the official account, she 
" wanted no impudency to defend her husband, but in the end confessed his traitorous 
falling away." V.G. 

C*) This was sent by Thomas, Earl of Ormond, to Elizabeth, to give " Her 
Highness the best token " of the end of the rebellion "and profe of my faithful 
service." V.G. 

(") He subscribes his letters " Gerot Desmond." V.G. 



254 DESMOND 

who d. II Aug. 1602. She d. 1636, being bur. with her 2nd husband in 
the Abbey of St. Dominick, at Sligo.^ M.l. Will dat. 5 Sep. 1636, 
pr. in Dublin, 1638. 



XV. 1600 I. James FitzGerald, s. and h. by the 2nd wife,('') 

to aged 12 in 1583, was b. in England,(') and is said to have 

1 60 1. been a godson of the Queen, to whom he was presented 

in infancy, by the Earl of Leicester, June 1573. He was 
sent to Ireland in 1579, confined in Dublin Castle from Oct. 1579 till 
July 1584, when he was removed to the Tower of London, where he 
remained till Aug. 1600. In order to neutralise the pretensions of his 
cousin, James FitzThomas, the Sugdn Earl, who had assumed the Earldom 
and who was in open rebellion against the English government, he was by 
patent, dat. at Oatlands, i Oct. 1600, cr. and restored as Earl of Desmond 
[I.],(<^) "to hold the same as fully as Gerard, his father, with the title of 
Baron of Inchiquin [1.] to be borne by his eldest son and heir apparent,"(') 
with rem. to the heirs male of his body. He, who is called T/ie Queen's 
Ear/, and sometimes T/ie Tower Ear/, was sent into Ireland Oct. 1600, 
in the hope that he would draw to himself the ancient followers of his race, 
but having professed the protestant religion, was able to effect nothing, 
and returned a few months later to London, (') where he d. unm., about 

(») She must have been about 90 years old. The Lords of the Council wrote 
to Lord Chichester, 31 May 16 13, that "the Countess of Desmond ... is grown 
aged and has not long to live," and requested him " to give her such favour as may 
become a lady of her years and quality." V.G. 

C") There is a tradition that a younger s., Thomas, existed (who d. s.p.). No such 
son is mentioned in the Earl's feoffment of his estates, dat. 10 Sep. 1574. G.E.C. 
and V.G. 

(') The Countess, in a letter to Lord Burghley, at Dublin 28 Aug. 1582, 
mentions " my boy that I bare in England, w'='' then both his father and I gave to her 
Maf as a fry geaft." He was probably h. at St. Leger House, Southwark, in July 
or Aug. 1 57 1. V.G. 

{^) "I send herewith the charter in due form of law for creation of Mr. Fitz- 
Gerald to be Earl of Desmond, and the heir apparent to be Baron of Inchequyn in 
Munster, as I understand he was before his father's fall. I have caused search to be 
made of their first creation which was in the i or 2 of King E. 3 and it cannot be 
found. There is another Baron of Inchequyn but it is in Connaught." (Roger 
Wilbraham, Master of the Requests, to Sir Robert Cecil, 23 Aug. 1600). V.G. 

(') See Lynch, p. 258, who calls attention to the fact that the attainder by Act 
of Pari, remained unrepealed, and quotes the case of the Earldom of Kildare [I.], 
attainted by Act of Pari. 28 Hen. VIII, and restored by letters patent (only) 13 May 
1554, "from which it might be inferred that the prerogative of the Crown was 
greater in Ireland than it appears to have been in England." It should be remarked 
that the Barony of Inchiquin [I.] was in 1600 (as now in 1916) a Peerage [I.] cr. 
1543, in actual existence, held by the family of O'Brien. 

(*) Sir George Carew writes from Cork to Sir Robert Cecil, 22 Mar. 1600/1: 
" This bearer, my Lord of Desmond, desirous to see her Majesty, doth now make his 



DESMOND 255 

7, and was bur. before 11 Nov. i6oi,(^) when all the honours conferred 
hy the patent of 1600 became extinct.(^) 



Notwithstanding the attainder of 1582, and the doubtful legitimacy 
of the children of the ist wife of the 13th Earl, the title was assumed 
after his death in 1558, as under: 

XIF. 1558. 14. Sir Thomas FitzJames FitzGerald, called 

Ruadh {i.e. "the Red"), s. and h. of the 13th Earl, by his 
1st wife, but bastardized and disinherited by his father, from whom, 
however, he inherited the lands of Killnataloon and Castlemore. He 
apparently was never recognized as Earl by his kinsmen, though sum. as 
an Earl to the Pari, of 3 Ph. and Mary. He was knighted 2 Sep. 1569, 
at Limerick, by the Lord Deputy Sidney [I.], as "Thomas FitzGerald, 
alias O'Desmond." He received a pardon, as " Thomas of Desmondie, 
of Conohe, co. Cork, knt.," 16 July 1570, and again 6 July 1584, but 
appears to have taken no active part in the various "risings-out." He 
is said to have m. a da. of David (Roche), Viscount Fermoy [\.].{^) He 
d. 18 Jan. 1595, at his Castle of Connaghe.C^) and was bur. at Youghal. 



repair into England ... I cannot sufficiently commend unto you his noble carriage 
in this country, which gets him little love . . . My Lord of Desmond doth merit 
exceeding extraordinarily well of the Queen and the State." V.G. 

(') Some Irish writers have suggested that the Earl was poisoned, but there 
seems to be no evidence of this. He must liave died very suddenly, however, as there 
is a letter from him to Sir Robert Cecil, dat. at Greenwich, 31 Oct. 1601 (only a 
week before his death), in which he writes: "There is no hope to borrow the use of 
a four footed beast from one end of the tilt yard to another ... As I am wholly your 
knight in this triumph, I beseech you that one of your horses may be brought hither 
that I may exercise daily upon him." V.G. 

C") His heirs appear to have been his six sisters, of whom Jane and Ellen were 
in "intolerable want" in 1602, and then appealing to Sir Robert Cecil for "some 
competent living yearly" from the Queen. Pensions of ^50 each were granted, 
4 Sep. 1603, "to the Lady Jane FitzGeralde and to Ellen and Elizabeth her sisters, all 
sisters to the late Earl of Desmonde." [Cal. Patent Rolls, James I). He is said to 
have had three other sisters, Margaret, Catherine, and Ellice. V.G. 

(') There is much uncertainty as to the wife, or wives, of Sir Thomas Ruadh 
FitzGerald. According to Lodge, he m. "Ellice, da. of Richard, Lord Pocr;" but 
this lady is also stated by Lodge to have been m. to Thomas, s. and h. ap. of Sir John of 
Desmond (which Thomas d. s.p.m. before 1535, when his nephew and namesake was 
a mere child). He is also said to have m. "the da. of Theobald (Butler), 3rd Baron 
Caher;" but as his s. and h., James FitzThomas (the Sugan Earl) is stated by Sir 
George Carew to have m. the "j/</'fr to Thiballt Butler, Lord of Caer," this alliance 
must be regarded as doubtful, as it would imply that the Sugdn Earl m. his great- 
aunt! V.G. 

C) The " Manor of Conechie, co. Cork, with the land belonging to same, 
possessions of James FitzThomas Gerrald, late of Conneghie, co. Corke, attainted," 
were leased to Sir John FitzEdmond FitzGerald, of Cloyne, 18 Oct. 1602. V.G. 



256 DESMOND 



XF. 1595. 15- James FitzThomas (FitzGerald), s. and h., 

assumed the title of Earl of Desmond [I.] when he 
joined the Earl of Tyrone's rebellion in I598,(*) taking command in 
Munster, and was called "The Sugdn {i.e. "the Earl of Straw ").('') 
He appears to have m., istly, in 1585, his cousin, Margaret, 2nd da. of 
John (Power), Baron le Power [I.], by Eleanor (or Ellice), da. of 
James Fitzjohn (FitzGerald), 13th Earl of Desmond. He ;«., 
2ndly, Ellen, widow of Maurice FitzGibbon,(') sister of Theobald 
(Butler), jrdBARON Caher [1.], da. of Piers Butler, by ( — ), da. of ( — ) 
(Butler), Baron DuNBOYNE [I.]. She was living (though possibly divorced) 
3 Oct. 1600. He was attainted 10 Mar. 1 600/1, and finally was taken 
prisoner 29 May 1601, in a cave near Slieve Grot, co. Tipperary, 
by Edmund FitzGibbon, the White Knight,('') and sent to England, 
where he d. s.p. legit., in the Tower of London, and was bur. 28 Apr. 
1607, in St. Peter's Chapel-C") 



XVl. 1608 16. John FitzThomas (FitzGerald), br. and h., 

or who assumed the title of Earl of Desmond [I.]. He 

1 61 2. had assisted his brother in his rebellion, but fled to 
Spain in 1603. He m. ( — ), da. of Richard Comer- 
ford, of Dangenmore, co. Kilkenny. He was living in Spain in 1615. 



XVII. 1616.'' 17. Gerald FiTzJoHN (FitzGerald), only s. and h. 

to He appears also to have assumed the title of Earl of 

1632. Desmond [I.], and served in the armies of the King of 

Spain and the Emperor. He d., unm., in 1632, in 

Germany, when the issue male of James (8th Earl), Maurice (9th Earl), 



(*) In 1 58 1 he petitioned the Queen and Lord Burghley that his father might be 
acknowledged Earl of Desmond and restored to the Earldom, and that he might have 
assistance to extirpate the present [Gerald Fitzjames] rebel Earl. V.G. 

C") Letters from him to the King of Spain, dated "from my camp, 14 Mar. 
1599," and soliciting aid against the English, are printed in Hist. MSS. Com., 
Hatfield MSS., part x, pp. 66-8. V.G. 

("=) He, who was slain at Clogher, 1568, was s. and h. ap. of John Oge, the 
White Knight. V.G. 

C) This Edmund was next brother to Maurice FitzGibbon abovenamed, and 
sue. his father as White Knight in 1569. " He had one thousand pounds given him 
from her Majestic for the service." {Pacata Hibernia). V.G. 

(') Cox states that the Sugan Earl was the handsomest man of his time; and Sir 
George Carew, in a letter to the Privy Council, dat. at Cork, 3 June i6oi, refers to 
him as "a man the most generally beloved by all sortes (as well in this towne as in the 
contrey) that in my life I have ever knowen." V.G. 



DESMOND 257 



Thomas (iith Earl), and John, the 4 eldest sons of Thomas, the 
7th Earl, became extinct^{f) and any continuous usage of the title appears 
to have been abandoned. C") 



XVI. 1619 I. Richard (Preston), Lord Dingwall [S.J, ~ 

to having an only da. (his presumptive heir), who was 

1628. destined by that all-powerful Court favourite, the 
Marquess of Buckingham, to be married to that 
nobleman's nephew, the Hon. George Feilding [mentioned below], 
was, by the Marquess's influence, cr. by pat. dat. at Westm.C^) 
II July 1 619, BARON DUNMORE, co. Kilkenny, and EARL 
OF DESMOND [L]. He d. s.p.m., 28 Oct. 1628, when the 
peerages so conferred became extinct, the Scottish Barony of Ding- 
wall descending to his da. and heir of line. Admon. 16 Dec. 1628. 
His wife, who d. in Wales, 1 8 days before him, was bur. (possibly 
re-interred) at Westm. Abbey (as " Countess of Desmond ") 1 7 Mar. 
1628/9. 



3 § 



XVII. 1622, I. "George Feilding, Esquire, [second] son of 

in reversion. William, Earl of Denbigh, and nephew of George, 

1628, Marquess of Buckingham "("^) [his mother, Susan, being 

in possesion. da. of Sir George Villiers and sister to the said Marquess 

(afterwards Duke) of Buckingham], was by the Court 



(') In 1 60 1, according to the relation of "the Sugan Earl " (placed in the hands 
of Sir George Carew), there were then, besides himself, but three such existing, viz. 
(i) his own brother, John [his successor], (2) "The Queen's Earl" [i.e. the Earl 
who d. s.p. 1 601], and (3) Maurice, only surv. s. of John Oge, the yst. s. of Sir John 
of Desmond, the 4th s. of the 7th Earl. This Maurice d. s.p. 

C") The male representation of the Earldom appears after 1632 to be in the 
descendants of Gerald Oge (slain 1477), 5th and yst. s. of the 7th Earl. The male 
issue of Gerald's eldest son, James FitzGerald of Macollop, existed in 1663 ; and, in 
1687, James Fitzgerald (the great-great-grandson of Thomas FitzGerald of Kilmacow, 
who was youngest s. of the said Gerald Oge) appears to have been called Earl of 
Desmond. This James died s.p.m., in 1742 or 1743, at Grange, co. Waterford, 
being apparently the last male issue of the 7th Earl, and not improbably (the male 
line of FitzGerald of Decies having ended in 1664) even of the 1st Earl. 

if) No entry thereof is found in the Patent Rolls, but the date is recorded in the 
patent of the creation of the Viscountcy of Callan [I.], 7 Nov. 1622. See Creations, 
1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. It is to be noted that the wife 
of the grantee, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Thomas (Butler), Earl of Ossory and Ormond 
[I.], was granddaughter of James, also Earl of Ossory and Ormond [I.], and Joan, 
his wife, da. and h. of James, loth Earl 0/ Desmond [l.], who d. s.p.m., 1529. 

(■*) Creations, 1483-1646, in App., 47th Rep., D.K. Pub. Records. 

33 



258 



DESMOND 



influence of his said uncle, cr. 22 Nov. 1622, when about 8 years of age, 
Baron Feilding of Lecagh, co. Tipperary, and Viscount Callan, co. 
Kilkenny [I.], as also in reversion after the death of the present holder 
thereof without heir male of the body (the da. and h. presumptive of such 
holder being designed for, though she never became, his wife) EARL 
OF DESMOND [I.]. He was (as Viscount Callan) made K.B., i Feb. 
1625/6, at the Coronation of Charles I. On 28 Oct. 1628 he became 
Earl of Desmond [I.] in possession, on the death, s.p.m., of the last Earl, 
under the spec. rem. in the creation of that dignity in 1622. He m., 
17 Apr. 1630, at St. Peter's, Cornhill, London, Bridget (k about 161 5), 
youngest of the 3 daughters and co-heirs (*) of Sir Michael Stanhope, 
of Sudbury, Suffolk, by Anne, da. of Sir William Reade, of Osterley, Midx. 
In Apr. 1635 she was suing in the High Commission Court for a divorce 
from him.C") He d. 3 1 Jan. 1 665/6, in his 49th year, and was i?ur. at Euston, 
Suffolk; M.L(^) 



XVIII. 1666. 2. William (Feilding), Earl of Desmond, ^c. [I.], 
s. and h., ^. 29 Dec. 1640; styled Viscount Callan till 
1666. On the death of his uncle, 28 Nov. 1675, he sue. him as Earl of 
Denbigh, ^c. See "Denbigh," Earldom of, cr. 1622, under the 3rd 
Earl. 



DESMOND AND CLAN GIBBON 

See " FitzGerald of Desmond and Clan Gibbon, co. Cork," Barony 
(FitzGera/d), cr. 1826; extinct 1843. 



DE SOMERY (of Dudley) see SOMERY 



(*) She was "brought up in a cottage," being disowned by her father, who, 
indeed, is supposed to have poisoned her mother, shortly after her birth. In the M.I. 
put up by her father, to himself, some 4 years after her birth and 2 years before his 
own death (which took place 18 Dec. 1 621), his issue is stated to have been two 
daughters [only], viz. (i) Jane, Lady Fitzwalter, and (2) Elizabeth, Lady Berkeley. 
See Smith's Lives of the Berkeleys, vol. ii, p. 429. 

(^) He being " accused of that I have hard fewe Fildings guiltie of, insufficiencie 
to please a reasonable woman." (Letter of G. Filding to Lord Feilding, Hist. MSS. 
Com., Denbigh MSS., part v, p. 14). V.G. 

(■=) " The Earl of Desmond says to Mr. Croftes ' your hose are too short ; ' Mr. 
Croftes replies 'so is your nose.' The Earl spurns him. Mr. C. knocked him in 
the Queen's presence and made him go crying to his Father. He (Lord Denbigh) 
sends his glove in token of a challenge, and into Hyde Park they go." (Letter of the 
Rev. Jos. Mead to Sir Martin Stuteville, 10 Jan. 1 630/1). V.G. 



DESPENSER 259 

DESPENSER(>) 



Sir Hugh le DespenseRjC") of Loughborough, Burton, Huggles- 
cote, Freeby, and Arnesby, co. Leicester, Parlington and Hillam, co. 
York, Sibsey and Aukborough, co. Lincoln, Ryhall and Belmesthorp, 
Rutland, s. and h. of Sir Hugh le Despenser, of the same (who d. 
between 23 Feb. and 30 May I238).('') He was b. in or before 1223. 



(^) This article, down to the year 1449, is by G. W. Watson. 

('') The arms of this family were, Quarterly, Arg., and Gules fretty Or, over 
all a bend Sable, arms obviously derived from those of the Constables of Chester. 
Their pedigree has been distorted by the unscrupulous efforts of many heralds and 
genealogists to derive the Spencers of Althorpe from an illustrious origin: with the 
result that (i) these Despensers, who appear to have been d'upematores of the Earls of 
Chester, (2) the Despensers of King's Stanley, co. Gloucester, who were dispensatorei 
Regis, and (3) the above-named (now ducal) family of Spencer, who emerge from 
obscurity, as wealthy graziers, towards the end of the 15th century, have been asso- 
ciated in a single pedigree in which "fact and fiction are cunningly intertwined." 
This elaborate imposture has been faithfully dealt with by J. H. Round {Peerage 
and Family History, pp. 279-329), and is now incapable of deceiving the most 
credulous. 

(f) Grant to Geoffrey le Despenser that, when Hugh his br. shall die, he shall 
keep the manor of Ryhall — which Hugh had of the King's gift — and the lands which 
Hugh held of the Earl of Chester in co. Chester and elsewhere, till the age of the 
sons and heirs of the said Hugh: 23 Feb. Grant to Hugh, s. and h. of Hugh le 
Despenser, for his father's faithful services, that he might marry where it should seem 
best: same date. {Patent Roll, 22 Hen. Ill, m. 9). The elder Hugh probably died on 
23 Feb.; he was certainly dead before 30 May following. {Idem, m. 5). He had 
obtained Ryhall and Belmesthorp by various grants from 22 Aug. 1227 to 23 June 
1233 {Charter Rolls, II Hen. Ill, p. 1, m. 4; 14 Hen. III,/. 2, m. I schedule; 
17 Hen. Ill, m. 3: Patent Roll, 14 Hen. Ill, p. 2, m. 2: Close Roll, 17 Hen. Ill, 
m. 8 : Ancient Deeds, A, no. 3208), and had inherited Arnesby — and doubtless 
other manors named above — on the death of his eldest br., Thomas Dispensar , to 
whom he was heir, in or before Oct. 1218 {Fine Roll, 2 Hen. Ill, m. 2). Thomas 
was s. and h. of another Thomas le Despenser, for (i) Thomas Dispensator gave to 
Stephen de Segrave with Roese his daughter in free marriage a rent of 2;. in Burton, 
to them and the heirs of their bodies, (2) Hugh Dispensator confirmed to Stephen de 
Segrave and Roese sister of the said Hugh, and the heirs of their bodies, a virgate 
of land in Barwe in free marriage. {Segrave Cartulary, Harl. MSS., no. 4748, 
f. II r and v). As Round {op. cit., p. 304) has already observed, Elyas Dispensator 
was one of three persons enfeoffed in Arnesby by Hugh de Beauchamp {Testa dc 
Neville, p. 88), and must therefore be an ancestor of this family. It may be finally 
remarked that a great number of the charters of the Earls of Chester which passed 
in the earlier part of the 13th century are witnessed by a Thomas or by a Hugh 
Dispensator, or by both. It follows that this family must have taken its name from 



26o DESPENSER 



Had respite of knighthood, ii July I244.(') On 7 Nov. 1255 he was 
appointed Constable of Horston Castle for five years from the preceding 
Michaelmas. (*>) In Apr. 1257 he accompanied Richard, Earl of Corn- 
wall, to Aachen, for the latter's coronation, on 17 May, as King of the 
Romans.C") At the Pari, of Oxford, in June 1258, he was one of the 
twelve elected by the Barons to redress grievances, and also one of the 
twelve elected to treat with the King's Council in Parl.("=) Appointed 
Justiciar of England, 25 Oct. i26o,('') being the nominee of the Barons: 
he was deprived of his office by the King, Mayor June I26i.('') Attended 
Montfort's Pari, at Oxford in Apr. I263.(^) Appointed Justiciar of 
England and Constable of the Tower of London, about 16 July 1263, 
by the Barons, with the assent of the King.Q In Mar. 1264, when 
Constable of the Tower, he led the rioters who sacked the mansion at 
Isleworth of the King of the Romans. (s) Was at the battle of Lewes, 
14 May I264.(^) Appointed, by the counsel of the Barons, Constable 
of the Castles of Devizes and Oxford, 1 2 July, of Orford Castle, 1 8 July, 



the office of dispenser to these Earls, or possibly to the Lacys, Constables ot 
Chester. 

The commencement of the pedigree of this family is as follows: 
Thomas le Despenser.=p 



1 \ i 

Thomas: dead Hugh: d'. = Roese :=:Stephen de Segrave, 

1218,/./. 1238. 1st wife, of Segrave: </. 1 241. 



I — : I 

Hugh: slain = Pernell. = Geoffrey le Sauvage, 

at Evesham. of Hintes: </. i 230. 



Geoffrey, of Mart- == Emma, da. of Richard, Sire==John de St. John, of 
ley: <^. 1251. d'Harcourt : living 1265. I Stanton: </. 1229. 

i 1 

John: (/. /.^. = Joan, da. and h. of Robert le Lou, Roger: slain 

1275. of Castle Carlton: dead 1266. at Evesham. 

(') Close Roll, 28 Hen. Ill, m. 7 d. On I Jan. 1 244/5 he had a gift of two 
casks of the King's wine for the feast of his knighthood. {Idem, 29 Hen. Ill, m. 16). 

(•>) Patent Rolls, i\.o Hen. Ill, w. 21; 41 Hen. Ill, m. 12 d:M. Paris, vol. v, p. 653. 

(*=) Annales de Burton, pp. 447, 449. 

(^) Monday before SS. Simon and Jude. [Chron. Maiorum London., p. 45). 

(«) Wykes, p. 129: Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 222: Chron. Maiorum, p. 49. 

(*) Chron. Maiorum, p. 55: Gervase of Canterbury, vol. ii, p. 223. His salary 
as Justiciar was 1,000 marks a year. [Patent Roll, 48 Hen. Ill, p. 1, m. 2). 

(8) Chron. Maiorum, p. 61: Wykes, p. 140: Annales de Wigornia, p. 452. 



DESPENSER 261 



and of Nottingham Castle, 15 Dec. 1264.Q Was appointed an arbiter to 
consider the peace between the King and the Barons, 11 Sep. I264.('') 
He was sum. for Military Service against the Welsh, 14 IVlar. (1257/8) 
42 Hen. Ill and 25 May (1263) 47 Hen. Ill, by writs directed Hugoni k 
I)espenser,And to Pari., 24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. Ill, by writ directed /^«^o«/ 
/e Despenser Jusiic' Anglie.(^) He was appointed an arbiter between the 
Earls of Leicester and Gloucester in May 1265. (') He m., in or before 
1260, Aline, da. and h.('^) of Sir Philip Basset, of Wycombe, Bucks, 
Compton-Bassett and Wootton-Bassett, Wilts, i^c, Justiciar of England, 
by his 1st wife, Hawise, da. of Sir Matthew de Lovaine, of Little 
Easton, Essex.(°) He joined the Earl of Leicester in his last campaign, 
and with him was slain at the battle of Evesham, 4 Aug. 1265.Q He 
was bur. in Evesham Abbey. (8) His widow had a grant for life of the 
manors of Loughborough, Freeby, and Hugglescote — which had been 
forfeited — 5 Oct. 1265. C") She m., before 29 Oct. 1271, as ist wife, 
Roger (le Bigod), Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England, and d. 
shortly before 11 Apr. I28i.(') He d. 7 Dec. 1306, and was bur. m 
Thetford Priory. 



(^) Patent Rolls, 48 Hen. Ill, p. I, mm. 8, 7, 3 schedule, 4 d; 49 Hen. Ill, 
m. 27. 

('') As to the writ of 1264 see Preface. 

(') Annaki de IVaverleia, p. 361: Chron. Maiorum, p. 73. 

{^) Philip Basset, however, survived Hugh, and d. 29 Oct. I 27 I. [Annates de 
Oseneia, p. 247 : Inq. p. m. on Philip, as below). 

(*) She had, in free marriage, the manor of Wix, Essex. This was held in 
127 1 of Sir Matthew de Lovaine, by the service of 20;. a year. Some genealogists 
say that she was da. of John de Grey, of Eaton, Bucks. 

(') The Earl exhorted him to save himself by flight. '"Domine Hugo, potens 
es viribus, multam sapienciam tibi contulit dator sapiencie, multum prodesse potes terre 
Anglicane. Jam quiesce ut vivas. Fuge hac vice ne moriaris.' At ille, ' O pater 
venerande, video pacienciam tuam et constanciam. Christus, ex alto prospiciens, 
laboribus tuis et erumnis nunc finem imponit: calicem passionis quem bibiturus es 
ipsemet gratanter bibam.' Et addidit, ' Nonne prestaret mori et gloriose occumbere 
quam tam insignem contumeliam pati ? ' " [Opus Chron., in Chron. Man. S. A/hani, 
p. 18). Cf. Rishanger, De Bellis, p. 45. 

(*) "... per licenciam domini Regis in ecclesia conventual! de Evesham ante 
magnum altare, scilicet ante gradum inferius." [Annates de JFaverleia, p. 365). 

C") Patent Roll, 49 Hen. Ill, m. 5. 

(') " Alina la Despensere comitissa NorfF'." Writs of diem cl. ext. 1 1 Apr. 
9 Edw. I. [Fine Roll, m. 14). Extent, Bucks, Monday the Feast of the Transla- 
tion of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July] 1281. "Hugo le Despenser est ejus hercs 
propinquior et fuit in prima septimana proximo preterita Marcii de etate viginti 
annorum." Extents, cos. Essex (4), Wilts (3), Cambridge, Northants, Surrey, Berks. 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 27, no. 8). In the inquisitions taken in Nov. 1 27 1, after 
the death of Philip Basset, she is said to be his da. and h., and then aged 22 and more, 
34 and more, 26, or 30 and more. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. Ill, file 41, no. 20). 



262 DESPENSER 

BARONY BY 2. Sir Hugh le Despenser, of Loughborough, 
WRIT. Arnesby, Parlington, Ryhall, ^c.(^), Wycombe, Comp- 

j ton-Bassett and Wootton-Bassett, 6fc., s. and h., L 1 Mar. 

"j 1260/1. On 28 May 1281 he was given the administra- 

° , tion of the lands which his father had forfeited, C') and had 

^ ' livery of his mother's lands, 8 Aug. 128 1, although he 

was not of age till i Mar. following. (*>) He had livery 
of the manor of Martley, co. Worcester, 3 Mar. 1 28 1/2, as h. of his father's 
first cousin, John le Despenser.('') He was with the King in Gascony in 
I287.('^) Was one of those ordered, 22 Aug. 1288, during the King's 
absence abroad, to abstain from violations of the peace. (^) Was appointed 
Constable of Odiham Castle, 12 June 1294.0 Was appointed an envoy to 
treat with the King of the Romans, June I294,Q with the King of 
France, l Jan, 1295/6, and with the King of France and the King of 
the Romans, Nov. 1296.Q He accompanied the King to Scotland in 
1296. Was one of the proxies who swore to the treaty with the Count 
of Flanders, 5 Feb. 1 296/7. (^) Justice of the forests South of 
Trent, 12 Feb. 1296/7 to 18 Aug. 1307.(8) Received instructions to 
threaten the Clergy, 21 Mar. 1296/7. C") One of the King's Council, 
1297.C') Accompanied the King to Flanders in Aug. i297.(^) He was 



{*) The ransom of these lands, which his father had forfeited, had been granted 
to his grandfather, Philip Basset; Philip left it to his da., Aline, who left it to 
Hugh, her son and heir. [Close Roll, 9 Edw. I, m. 7). " Hugo le Spenser tenet in 
Perlyngton dimidium feodi militis excepta una bovata terra de Comite Lincolnie 
. . . Hugo Spenser avus istius Hugonis perquisivit quandam cartam domini Regis 
Henrici . . . per quam quietus est de omnibus finibus et aliis serviciis forinsecis pertin- 
entibus domino Regi ad wapentagium suum." [Kirkby^s Inquest, p. 38). The date 
of this charter is 27 Feb. 1232/3. There was a similar one for Loughborough, {3*0., 
CO. Leicester, 12 Feb. 1226/7, ^"^ renewals of both. {Charter Rolls, 11 Hen. Ill, 
p. I, m. 34; 17 Hen. Ill, m. w. Close Rolls, 17 Hen. Ill, m. 12; 20 Hen. Ill, 
m. 18). 

0") Close Roll, 9 Edw. I, w. 7; Fine Roll, m. 5. 

(«) Close Roll, 10 Edw. I, m. 6. "Johannes le Despenser." Writ of diem cl. 
ext. 5 May 3 Edw. I. Inq., co. Leicester (2), Tuesday the Feast of St. Barnabas (2) 
[11 June] 1275. "Hugo filius Hugonis le Dispenser est propinquior heres predicti 
Johannis le Dispenser et fuit etatis xiiij annorum primo die Marcii ultimo preterito." 
Inq., CO. Worcester, Tuesday before the Ascension [21 May] 1275. Extent, co. 
Lincoln, undated. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 8, no. 10). 

C^) Patent Roll, 15 Edw. I, m. 11: Close Roll, 16 Edw. I, m. 4 d. 

(^) Fine Roll, 22 Edw. I, m. 10. 

(') Ch. Misc. Rolls, 14, no. 7: Almoin Rolls, 24 Edw. I, mm. 16 d, 17; 
25 Edw. I, mm. 16 d, 15: Patent Rolls, 22 Edw. I, m. 19; 24 Edw. I, mm. 23, I; 
25 Edw. I, p. I, m. 23. 

(e) Patent Rolls, 25 Edw. I, p. i, w. 17: Fine Rolls, 25 Edw. I, w. 18; i Edw. II, 
m. 17. 

C") Patent Rolls, 25 Edw. I, p. i, m. 9, p. 2, m. J; Close RoL, m. 14 d: Cotton, 
p. 317: Rishanger, pp. 379, 413. 



DESPENSER 263 

with the King in Scotland in 1300, 1303, 1304, and i3o6.(*) Was 
appointed an envoy to the Pope, Sep. 1300, to treat of peace with the 
King of France, 25 Apr. 1302, and an envoy to the Pope, Oct. I305.('') 
In 1305 he was appointed and sworn, in Pari., a commissioner to treat 
with the Scots. C") At the Coronation of Edward II, 25 Feb. 1307/8, he 
was one of the four who carried the table {scaccarium) on which were laid 
the royal robes. ("=) Constable of the castles of Devizes and Marlborough, 

12 Mar. 1307/8 to 2 Dec. i3o8.('=) Constable of the castle of Strigoil and 
Keeper of the town of Chepstow, 12 Mar. 1307/8 to 17 July (or 21 Aug.) 

13 io.('=) Appointed Justice of the forests South of Trent during the King's 
pleasure, 16 Mar. 1307/8, and for life, 28 Aug. I309.('') In the quarrel 
about Gavastone in 1308 he alone sided with the King against the Barons, 
who induced the King to promise to dismiss him from Court-C) He 
took part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope, 6 Aug. I309.('^) Had licence 
to crenellate all his dwelling houses throughout the kingdom, 29 Sep. 
1311.0 Keeper of the forests South of Trent, 14 June 1312 to 19 Feb. 
i3i4/5.(*) He was one of the King's deputies in the treaty with the mag- 
nates concerning the death of Gavastone, 20 Dec. 1 3 1 2.(°) Was pardoned for 
all arrears and debts to the King, 25 Mar. 1313,0 and accompanied him 
to Pontoise, 23 May following.^) He was excluded from the peace that 
was arranged between the King and the discontented barons in the autumn 
of 1313.Q Was at the battle of Bannockburn, 24 June 13 14, and accom- 
panied the King in his flight to Dunbar, and thence by sea to Berwick.(«) 
A few months afterwards the party of the Earl of Lancaster obtained his 
dismissal from Court,0 and his removal from the Council in Feb. 1314/5.(8) 
A commission was appointed, 13 July 13 15, to hear complaints against 
his acts of oppression as Keeper of the forests South of Trent.(«) He was 
in the Scottish Wars in 1317.(8) He was again specially excluded when 
peace was made with the Earl of Lancaster in Aug. I3i8:(«) to avoid the 
Earl, he is said to have gone " on pilgrimage " to Compostella.C') Was 

(*) Suppl. Cloie Ro/h, no. 7, mm. 5, I ; no. 9, m. 7. 

C") Jlmain Rolls, 28 Edw. I, w. 8; 30 Edw. I, m. 6: Patent Rolls, 28 Edw. I, 
mm. 6, I; 30 Edw. I, m. 25; 33 Edw. I, p. 2, ?nm. II, 8: Close Roll, 33 Edw. I, 
mm. 13 d schedule, 6 d: Annales London., pp. 127, 143. 

(«) Close Roll, I Edw. II, m. 10 d: Patent Rolls, I Edw. II, p. 2, m. 22; 
2 Edw. II, />. I, w. 17; 3 Edw. II, OT. 38 schedule; 4 Edw. II, /. i, m. 17: Fine 
Rolls, I Edw. II, mm. 7, 5; 4 Edw. II, m. 21: Ancient Deeds, A, no. 4815. 

(^) Fita Edwardi auct. Malmesber., p. 158: Annales Paulini, p. 264: Annales 
London., p, 162. 

(«) Patent Rolls, 5 Edw. II, p. \, m. 14, p. 2, m. 3; 6 Edw. II, p. 2, mm. 1 6, 
9: Close Roll, 6 Edw. II, WW. 8 d, 4 d: Fine Roll, 8 Edw. II, m. 10. 

(') "Tota terra versa est in ejus odium: pauci lugerenl ejus infortunium. 
Multis in officio suo injuste nocuit: plures magnates et viros divites exheredavit." 
(Malmesber., p. 195). 

(e) French Chron. of London, p. 38: Malmesber., pp. 208, 209, 236: Patent Roll, 
9 Edw. II, p. 1, m. 29 d schedule: Close Roll, 1 1 Edw. II, m. 21 A. 

C") "Hugo semper et caute querit subterfugia ut redimat tempus et evitet 



264 



DESPENSER 



sent to set in order the affairs of Gascony, 28 Feb. i3i9/20,(') and on 
missions to the King of France and the Pope in Mar. following.Q Was 
appointed Constable of Marlborough Castle, 2 May I32i.(') He was sum. 
for Military Service from 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I to 1 1 May (1322) 
15 Edw. II, to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 1 1 Edw. I, to 
attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, to Councils 
from 8 Jan. (1308/9) 2 Edw. 11 to i July (13 17) 10 Edw. II, and to 
Pari, from 24 June (1295) 23 Edw. I to 14 Mar. (132 1/2) 15 Edw. II, 
by writs directed Hugoni le Despen5er,{^) whereby he is held to have become 
LORD LE DESPENSER.(') In May and June 132 1 the barons of the 
Welsh Marches and their adherents ravaged the lands of the younger 
Despenser in Wales and those of the elder throughout the country. C^) 
In Aug. of that year both Despensers were accused in Pari., chiefly on 
account of the son's misconduct,(^) of many misdeeds, viz., of accroach- 
ing to themselves royal power, counselling the King evilly, replacing good 
ministers by bad ones, ^c. Wherefore they were disinherited for ever 
(19 Aug.), and exiled from the realm, not to return without the assent 
of the King and Parl-O The elder Hugh accordingly retired to the 
Continent.(^) His lands were taken into the King's hand, 15 Sep. I32i.(^) 
He had letters of safe conduct for a year, 25 Dec. 1321.(8) The sentence 
on the Despensers was pronounced unlawful at a provincial council of 
the clergy about i Jan. 1321/2.(8) In Mar. following the elder Hugh 
accompanied the King against the contrariants, and was present at the judg- 
ment on the Earl of Lancaster. (^) The proceedings against the Despensers 

pericula. Nam secundum relatum aliquorum jam adivit Sanctum Jacobum quia 
timuit venire ad parliamentum." (Malmesber., p. 240). He really did go to Spain 
on the King's service in the spring of 131 9 (letters of protection, i Jan. 1318/9 till 
Michaelmas following — Patent Roll, 12 Edw. II, p. I, w. 5; cf. Close Roll, m. 14 d). 

(») Gascon Roll, 13 Edw. II, w. ii; Close Roll, m. 6 d; Roman Roll, mm. 6, 5: 
Patent Roll, 14 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 14. 

C") With the addition of seniori on and after 24 Mar. 1 31 3/4. 

(<=) As to the writs of 1283 and 1296/7 see Preface. 

(■*) Close Roll, 15 Edw. Il, w. 13 d schedule. Fifteen counties are mentioned, 
from Dorset eastwards as far as Surrey, and northwards as far as Yorkshire; in Wales 
ten castles were destroyed. The principal leaders were the Earl of Hereford, Roger 
de Mortimer of Wigmore, Roger de Mortimer of Chirk, Hugh Daudele the father, 
Hugh Daudele the son, John de Moubray, Roger Damory, Roger de Clifford, John 
Giffard of Brimsfield, Morice de Berkele, Henry le Tyes, and John Mautravers. Cf. 
Annales Paulini, p. 293, and Malmesber., pp. 254-7. 

(") The case against the Despensers is summed up by the Monk of Malmesbury 
(pp. 260-1), who is equally hostile to both. Most writers, however {Annales Paulini, 
p. 292, De la Moore, p. 299, is'c), concur in laying the principal blame on the son. 

(*) Close Roll, 1 5 Edw. II, mm. 30 d, 1 3 d schedule : Gesta Edwardi auct. Brid- 
lington., pp. 65-73. 

(e) Malmesber., p. 261: Fine Roll, 15 Edw. II, p. I, m. 23; Patent Roll, p. 1, 
m. 4; Close Roll, m. 21 d: Annales Paulini, p. 30 1. 

(•>)"... sedentibus ibidem comite Arundelli, domino Hugone Despenser patre, 
et Roberto de Malmesthorp, justiciario ad hoe assignato." {Annales Paulini, p. 302). 



s.t^^ 



DESPENSER 265 

were annulled and cancelled in the Pari, of York;,(') the lands of the elder 
Hugh being formally restored, 7 IVIay 1322. (^) Three days later, 10 May, 
the King granted him ^^20 a year from the issues of co. Hants, to be 
received nomine et honore comitis fVyntonie, and girded him with the sword as 
EARL OF WINCHESTER.C) He accompanied the King in his ex- 
pedition against the Scots in Aug. I322.('=) He was appointed Keeper of 
the forests South of Trent, 27 June 1324, for life.('') Was appointed a 
commissioner to make peace with the Scots, 8 Nov. I324.('^) He was 
sum. for Military Service from 20 Sep. (1322) 16 Edw. II to i May 
(1325) 18 Edw. II, to Councils from 20 Nov. (1323) 17 Edw. II to 20 Feb. 
(1324/5) 18 Edw. II, and to Pari, from 18 Sep. (1322) 16 Edw. II to 
10 Oct. (1325) 19 Edw. II, by writs directed Hugoni le Despenser Comiti 
fVynton. He m., in or before 1286, without the King's lie. (fine of 2,000 
marks, afterwards remitted),('') Isabel, widow of Sir Patric de Chaurces 
or Chaworces, of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, Somborne, Hants, ^c. (who 
d. shortly before 7 July 1283), (') and da. of William (de Beauchamp), 
Earl of Warwick, by Maud, sister and coh. of Sir Richard fitz John, 
of Share, Surrey, Fambridge, Essex, i^c. [Lord FitzJohn], and ist da. 
of Sir John fitz Geoffrey, of Shere and Fambridge. She d. shortly before 
30 May i3o6.(^) On the King's flight to Wales in Oct. 1326 the Earl 

Hugh is not mentioned in the record of the proceedings [Patent Roll, 15 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 14), which names seven earls as present, and adds "baronibus et aliis magna- 
tibus regni." 

(*) Close Roll, 15 Edw. II, mm. 13 d schedule, 12. 

C") The King gave him at the same time many manors late of John Giffnrd, 
Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and other rebels, to be held, together with the ^^20 a 
year, for life, with rem. to Hugh the younger and his heirs. On 9 July 1322 the 
King granted him the castle, vill, manor, and honour of Denbigh, the cantreds of 
Rhos and Rhyfiniog, and the commote of Dinmael — recently held by Thomas, Earl of 
Lancaster — to him and his heirs. The said castle and lands were given to Roger de 
Mortimer, 13 Sep. 1327, and, on his forfeiture, to William de Mountagu, 18 Jan. 
1 330/ 1. [Charter Rolls, 15 Edw. II, ra. 4; 16 Edw. II, ni. J; 1 Edw. Ill, m. lO; 
4 Edw. Ill, m. i). By three fines, levied in the quinzaine of Easter 5 Edw. Ill, 
Ebles Lestraunge and Alice his wife, William la Zousche of Ashby and Alianore his 
wife, and Hugh s. of Hugh le Despenser the younger, relinquished their rights in the 
premises to William de Mountagu, for ;f 200, ^1,000, and ^^ 1, 000, respectively. [Feet 
of Fines, case 194, file 11, nos. 44, 45, 47; cf. no. 43). 

(') "In comitiva domini Regis," with 98 men-at-arms, of whom 4 were 
bannerets and 21 knights, from 10 Aug. to 10 Sep. Being paid, for himself and his 
men, [himself, as an earl, Ss.], each banneret 4;., each knight 2s., and each other 
man-at-arms I2d., a day. Total, 32 days, ;r222 8;. (Waltham, /Accounts — as on 
p. 46 of this volume — f. 61 v). 

(<*) Fine Roll, 17 Edw. II, m. 2: Patent Roll, 18 Edw. II, p. I, m. 11. 

(') Close Rolls, 15 Edw. I, m. 2; 1 9 Edw. I, m. 9. 

(^ Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Patric de Chaurces), Edw. I, file 35, no. 4. 

(s) "Isabella que fuit uxor Hugonis le Despenser." Writ of diem cl. ext. 30 
May 34 Edw. I. Inq., Hants, 26 June 1 306. "Matild' nunc uxor Henrici de 
Langastr' est filia et heres propinquior dicte Isabelle et etatis xxiv annorum." (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file I2I, no. 1 1). 

34 



266 DESPENSER 

was dispatched to defend Bristol, which, however, he at once surrendered 
on the arrival of the Queen, 26 Oct.(^) Next day he was tried — without 
being allowed to speak in his own defence — condemned to death as a 
traitor,('') and hanged on the common gallows. (■=) On his death, 27 Oct. 
1326, at the age of 65, all his honours yv&ve forfeited^ the sentence of " Exile " 
passed on him in 132 1 being re-affirmed in Pari., i Edw. 111.0 



(») Murimuth, p. 48. 

(•') "Mcccxxvi, vi'° kalendas Novembres, videlicet in vigilia apostolorum 
Simonis et Jude, dominus Hugo Despenser senior, Comes Wyntonienis ... ad 
racionem positus fuit et accusatus sub lingua gallica in hiis verbis. 'Hughe sire ceste 
court vous defend al comencement tote manere respons et pur ceo qe vous feistes une 
ley qe homme dust estre dampne sauns respons seit ceste ley en vous esteint et vos 
aherdanz et com celui qest treitour ateint.' " After reciting his crimes, the judgment 
proceeds: "Par quei agarde la court qe pur le tresun seietz trayne pur la roberie seietz 
pendu et pur ceo qe vousauetzmespris encountre seinte eglise seintz decole et qe vostre 
teste seit mene a Wyncestre ou vous feustes counte encountre ley et resun Et pur ceo 
qe vous queistes illoekes dignete tele et honur veot la court qe vostre teste seit mys en 
deshonur de vous et pur ceo qe autre fetz feites deshonurer ordre de chiualerie entant 
com vous feites pendre les bones gens en cotes quartiles agard la court qe vous seietz 
pendu en vne cote quartile de vos armes et seient les armes destruz pur touz iours." 
{Annales Paulini, p. 317). 

(') " Sire Hughe le Despenser le piere fust traigne penduz et decollee a la ville 
de Bristuit et rependuz par les braz de deux grosses cordes et le quart iour apres ert 
il decolpee tut enpieces et chiens le deuourerent Et pur ceo qe le Roi ly out fait 
Counte de Wincestr' sa teste fust maundee illoeqes sur vne launce." [Chron. de Brut, 
Royal MSS., 20 A iii, f. 220). The Chronicle of Tewkesbury (late transcript in 
Cotton MSS., Cleop., C 3, f. 225 v) gives the date as vi kal. Nov., Bridlington, p. 87, 
erroneously, as the day before the vigil of SS. Simon and Jude. Cf. Malmesber., 
p. 289, French Chron. of London, p. 55, and Murimuth, p. 48. 

[^) Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, pp. 7, 11. The various acquisitions by the two Des- 
pensers, subsequent to the battle of Boroughbridge, were innumerable, and only a few 
of the principal ones can be noticed here. In 1323 Thomas, Earl of Norfolk, granted 
the castle of Strigoil, the towns and manors of Chepstow and Tidenham, and all his 
lands between Severn and Wye, in Wales and the marches, to Hugh the younger for 
life, at a rent of ;^200 a year, which was commuted in 1324 for a cash payment 
of 1,200 marks. In 1324 Hugh the elder obtained a grant from William de Brewose 
of all the land of Gower, and from Aline de Moubray, da. of William, a grant of the 
reversion of the castle and manor of Bramber after William's death. The Despensers, 
between them, obtained many castles and manors, and some 175 knights' fees, from 
Alice, widow of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. In 1325 the younger Hugh imprisoned 
John de Sutton till he surrendered the castle and manor of Dudley, and Elizabeth 
Comyn till she surrendered the castle of Goodrich and the manor of Painswick. 
{Patent Rolls, 16 Edw. II, /. I, m. 26; 17 Edw. II, />. I, m. 14., p. 2, mm. 9, 6, 5; 
18 Edw. II, /. I, m. 7, p. 2, mm. 23, 14; 10 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 35: Close Rolls, 
17 Edw. II, m. 20 d; 18 Edw. II, m. 25 d; 19 Edw. II, m. 27 d; I Edw. Ill, p. I, 
m. 7: Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 22: Ancient Deeds, A, nos. 198, 4842, 4880, 4884). 
Hugh the younger also attempted to obtain the other two purparties of the honour 
of Gloucester. See Damory, and Gloucester, Earldom of. 



DESPENSER 267 

II. 1314 I /?is. Sir Hugh LE Despenser, 1st s. of the above. He 

to was knighted by the Prince of Wales, 22 May 1306, at 

1326. Westm. Having gone to parts beyond seas without 

licence, contrary to the King's inhibition, in Jan. 1309/10 
his lands and goods were taken into the King's hand for a time.C) 
He accompanied the King to Pontoise, 23 May I3I3,C') and was appointed 
Chamberlain towards the end of this year,(") he being then an adherent of 
the Earl of Lancaster. Appointed Constable of Odiham Castle, i Nov. 
13 17: this he had to resign next year.C") Appointed Keeper of the castle 
and town of Dryslwyn, and Cantref Mawr, co. Carmarthen, 18 Nov. 
1317-0 this he had to resign, 14 Sep. 13 18, but it was regranted to 
him, with the assent of the Pari, of York, 21 Nov. foUowing-C*) At 
this Pari, he was re-appointed Chamberlain. (') He was appointed a 
commissioner to treat with the Scots concerning peace, i Dec. i3i9-('') 
Constable of Odiham Castle, 22 Feb. 1319/20 to 21 June (or 9 July) 
I32i.('^) He accompanied the King to France in June 1320.0 Keeper 
of the castle and town of Porchester, 22 Aug. 1320 to 17 July 1324.0 
Keeper of the castle, town, and barton of Bristol, i Oct. 1320 to 
10 May 1321.O On 19 Aug. 1321 he was disinherited and exiled, as 
mentioned above, his lands being taken into the King's hand, 15 Sep. 
1 321.0 He took refuge in the Cinque Ports, and, engaging in piracy, 
with the King's connivance, did considerable damage. (') He had 
letters of safe conduct for a year, 8 Dec. 132 1, and of protection, 9 Jan. 
132 1/2.0 ^" Mar. following he accompanied the King against the con- 
trariants, and is said to have urged him, when at Burton-on-Trent (10 Mar.), 
not to prosecute the war.(^) After the battle of Boroughbridge, he received 



(^) Fine Roll, 3 Edw. II, m. 9; Close Roll, m. lO: Patent Roll, 6 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 9: Baker, p. 6. 

C) Patent Rolls, II Edw. 11, p. I, mm. 17, 13; 12 Edw. II, p. 1, mm. II, 8: 
Fine Roll, 12 Edw. II, mm. 14, 8. 

{«) Close Roll, I 5 Edw. II, m. 30 d. 

{^) Patent Roll, 13 Edw. II, m. 21: Bridlington, p. 60. 

(») Fine Rolls, 13 Edw. II, m. b; 14 Edw. II, mm. 15, 4; 15 Edw. II, p. i, 
mm. 25, 23; 18 Edw. II, m. 26: Patent Rolls, 1 3 Edw. II, m. 5; 14 Edw. II, 
p. 2, m. 5. 

Annales Paulini, p. 300: Malmesber., p. 261: Patent Rolls, 10 Edw. Ill, 
p. 2,m. 19: Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 413. The barons and men of the Cinque Ports 
had a letter of thanks from the King, 27 Nov. 1 321, for preserving Hugh the younger 
among them, by the King's order, from the many snares prepared for him because of 
his services to the King. [Close Roll, 15 Edw. Il, m. 22 d). 

(e) Patent Roll, 15 Edw. II, />. I, mm. 4, 3. 

(•') " Dicens, ' Parce, domine, parce populo tuo, et propter dei misericordiam non 
potencia sed Regis clemencia dirigat actus vestros. Domine mi Rex, quos niteris 
debellare regni nobiles et ligii tui sunt, non sano ducti consilio sed fervore juvenili 
stimulante, manus ad forcia et indebita extenderunt, et si vexillum tuum, domine mi 
Rex, fuerit explicatum, universalis guerra totam terram undique perturbabit, quam tuis 
temporibus vix poteris temporare.'" (Bridlington, p. 75). 



268 DESPENSER 

large grants of the lands forfeited by the rebels. (») He was appointed 
Keeper of the castle, town, and barton of Bristol during the King's pleasure, 
3 May 1322, and for life, i June 1325. C") Appointed Keeper of the 
castles, manors, and lands of Brecknock, Hay, Cantref Selyf, Talgarth, 
Blaen Llyfni, and Pencelly, co. Brecon, and Huntington, co. Hereford, 
10 July I322.('=) He accompanied the King in his expedition against the 
Scots in Aug. 1322, and with him fled from Rievaulx to Bridlington after 
the rout at Byland Abbey.C^) He was appointed Keeper of the castle, 
town, and barton of Gloucester, the castle of St. Briavels, and the forest of 
Dean, 2 Nov. i322.(') He received a pardon for all his debts at the 
Exchequer and in the Wardrobe, 5 June I323.('^) In 1324 he complained 
to the Pope that he was threatened by magical and secret dealings: but 
the Pope could only advise him to turn to God with his whole heart and 
to make a good confession.Q He was appointed a commissioner to make 
peace with the Scots, 8 Nov. 1324.0 On i June 1325 he received a 



(») The castle and town of Swansea, the castles of Oystermouth, Pennard, and 
Llwchwr, in Cower, late of John de Moubray: the castles of Usk, Tregreg, and 
Caerleon, late of Elizabeth de Burgh: the manors of Donington and Bisham, late of 
the Earl of Lancaster; of Severn Stoke, Maltby, Staveley, and Winterslow, late ot 
Roger de Clifford; of Barrow, Latchley, and Hambleden, late of Bartholomew de 
Badlesmere; of Oxen ton, late of William Tuchet; of Redmarley D'Abitot and 
Inardstone, late of Geoffrey Dabitot; of Birlingham, late of John de Sapy: the castles 
of Blaen Llyfni and Bwlch y Dinas, and the land of Talgarth, late of Roger de 
Mortimer of Chirk: the castles of Iskennen and Carreg-Cennen and the manor of 
Rockhampton, late of John Giffard of Brimsfield: and the Isle of Lundy, late of John 
de Wilington. {Charter Rolls, 15-18 Edw. II). 

C") Fine Rolls, 15 Edw. l\, p. I, w. 8; 18 Edw. II, m. 2. In a writ dated at 
Chepstow, 21 Oct. 1326, he is said to have rendered up the castle of Bristol to the 
King, who on the same day committed it (nominally) to three obscure persons. [Idem, 
20 Edw. II, m. 4). 

(-=) Fine Roll, 16 Edw. II, m. 28. 

(^) To the Lord Hugh le Despenser banneret, for his expenses, with 2 bannerets 
— Ralph de Gorges and Oliver de Ingham — and 34 men-at-arms of whom 12 were 
knights, from 6 to 15 Aug., 9 days (at the usual rates), £2b 2s. With the said 
2 bannerets, and 85 men-at-arms of whom 19 were knights, from 15 Aug. to 1 1 Sep., 
on which day the aforesaid Ralph and Oliver, and 38 men-at-arms of whom 7 were 
knights, "recesserunt de guerra Scocie," 27 days, ^156 I2s. With the remaining 
47 men-at-arms of whom 12 were knights, from 11 Sep. to 14 Oct., "quo die 
dominus Rex recessit de Rivaux versus partes australes," 34 days, ;^I07 2s. Total 
^^289 16s. (Waltham, Accounts, f. 61). This settles a question on which annalists 
disagree and historians dispute, viz., whether the King fled from Byland or from 
Rievaulx. The three bannerets of the King's household, Hugh le Despenser the 
younger, Richard Damary, and Robert del Isle, each received, in 16 and in 
17 Edw. II, "pro feodo suo hiemali," 10 marks. [Idem, ff. 65, 127). 

(*) Patent Rolls, 16 Edw. II, p. 1, m. 17, p. 2, m. 7; 18 Edw. II, p. I, m. II. 

(*) The Pope's reply is dated kal. Sep. 1324. [Papal Letters, vol. ii, p. 461). 
In Oct. 1324 one Robert le Mareschal accused some 30 inhabitants of Coventry of 
having employed him, and John de Notingham, a necromancer residing in Coventry, 



DESPENSER 269 

pardon for the acts of piracy which he had committed in I32i.('') 
He was sum. for Military Service from 30 June (13 14) 7 Edw. II to 
I May (1325) 18 Edw. II, to Councils from 14 Mar. (1316/7) 10 Edw. II 
to 20 Feb. (1324/5) 18 Edw. II, and to Pari, from 29 July (1314) 
8 Edw. II to 10 Oct. (1325) 19 Edw. II, by writs directed Hugoni 
le Despenser juniori, whereby he is held to have become LORD LE 
DESPENSER. He ;«., in 1306, after 14 June,('') at Westm., Alianore, 
1st sister of the whole blood and coh. of Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and 
Hertford, and da. of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester and 
Hertford, by his 2nd wife, Joan of Acre, da. of King Edward I. They 
had livery of her inheritance in England and Ireland, 15 Nov. 13 17, the 
King having taken his homage, 22 May I3i7.('') He accompanied the 
King in his flight to Wales in Oct. 1326, and with the King was captured 
near Llantrisant, co. Glamorgan, 16 Nov. I326.('^) He was taken to 
Hereford, tried — without being allowed to speak in his own defence — con- 
demned to death as a traitor,(*) and hanged on a gallows 50 feet high. 



to kill the King, the two Despensers, and the Prior of Coventry, from whose oppres- 
sions they had suffered much. To this end John and Robert were furnished with 
7 pounds of wax and 2 ells of canvas. Labouring incessantly for about five months, 
they made 7 images, of the King, the Despensers, the Prior and two of his officers, 
and of one Richard de Sowe, who lived near, and was to serve merely as a test case. 
Accordingly, about midnight, 27 Apr. 1324, Robert, under John's supervision, pushed 
a sharp pin of lead {une hroche de plum acu) two inches into the forehead of the image 
of Richard, and on going to inquire the next day found him hrayaunt et criaunt 
harrou, sanz auoir conissance de nul homme. Richard languished thus for some time, till 
on Sunday morning, 20 May, John thrust the pin into the heart of the image and 
left it there till the Wednesday following, when Richard died. In the end the 
accused were acquitted by a jury, the necromancer died in prison, and the informer 
was taken into custody. {Coram Rege, Hilary, 18 Edw. II, Rex, m. 24). 

(*) Patent Roll, 18 Edw. II, p. 2, m. 4. It is stated in the writ that, when 
exiled by the contrariants, he had through fear of death consorted with divers 
malefactors at sea and on land, and stayed with them to save his life, the while they 
perpetrated depredations and other crimes. 

C") Patent Roll, 34 Edw. I, w. 18. Cf. Langtoft, vol. ii, p. 368. 

(<=) Fine Roll, II Edw. II, m. 6: Close Roll, 10 Edw. II, m. 4. 

C^) " Mcccxxvi, xvi° kalendas Decembris, videlicet in festo sancti Edmundi 
Archiepiscopi . . . dominus Rex Edwardus, fugiens in Walliam, a Walensibus fuit 
captus et ductus ad castellum Lantrosin prope Neiz in Wallia. Dominus Hugo 
Despenser filius de prope in quodam bosco captus fuit." {Annahi Paulini, p. 318). 

if) The judgment, at great length, recited and held him responsible for every 
untoward event that had occurred since his exile, but the sentence came at last. 
" Sire H. com traiteours estes trouez par quel vous agardont totes les bones gentz du 
Roialme greindres et meindres Riches et pouers par comun assent qe vous com laron 
estes trouez et attaint par quel vous serez pendu et com traiteour vous estes troue par 
quei vous serrez trayne et quartere et enuoie par mye le Roilmie et pur ceo qe vous 
fuistes vtelage par nostre seignur le Roi et par comune assent et estes reuenuz en 
court saunz comun assent et saunz garant vous serez decole Et pur ceo qe vous 
fuistes tut temps deleal et procurat' descord entre nostre seignur le Roi et nostre 



270 DESPENSER 

24 Nov. 1326.0 His head was set up on London Bridge, 4 Dec, and his 
quarters in four different places. C") Some years afterwards his bones were 
collected, and bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey.('=) On his death all his honours 
were forfeited, the sentence of "Exile" passed on him in 1321 being 
re-affirmed in Pari., i Edw. III-O The Queen obtained his movables, plate, 
and jewels, 8 Jan. 1326/7. (") His wife had been committed to the Tower, 
17 Nov. 1326. C^) Her lands were restored to her, 22 Apr. 1328, and the 
King took her homage and fealty therefor, i i May following.^ Before 
26 Jan. 1328/9 she was abducted from Hanley CastleQ by Sir William la 

treshonurable dame la Roigne et entre les autres du Roialme si enserrez debowele et 
puis lis serront arcz Retraiez traiteours tirant Reneye si ales voz iuiz prendre traitors 
malueis et attaynt." (Ch. Misc. Rolh^ 1 8, no. 3). 

(*) " Mais sire Hughe le Despenser le filz puis le houre qil fust pris ne voleit 
manger ne boiure Car bien sauoit il qil nauereit de \y nulle merci Et la Roigne 
et soun consail auoient enpensee qil auereit soun iuggement a Loundres Mes il fust 
tant fieble pur labstinence qil soefFri de gree qil pur poi morrust de fableste par 
quei assentuz fust qil auereit soun iuggement a Hereford' Et a vne liwe de la ville 
saunz chaperoun ly ert ostee et le chaperoun le pilous mestre Robert de Baldok 
le faux chaunceller le Roi Et hom mist sur lour testes chapelletz de vrcies 
poignauntes Et deux esquicrs cornerent en lour orailles de deux grosses boegles la 
pout hom oir corner sur les deux prisouns plus de mille corns en semble Et vn 
Simond de Redingg' macer le Roi porta ses armes deuaunt ly reuersee en signe qil 
serroient desfaitz pur touz iours Et lendemain fust sire Hughe le Despenser le filz 
iugge a la mort et fust traigne et penduz et decollee desboelee et ses boels ars 
quartronee et ses quarters maundes a quatre villes Dengleterre et sa teste maundee 
al pount de Loundres." [Chron. de Brut, f. 219 v). His trial and death took place 
" viii° kalendas Decembris" [Annalei Pau/ini^p. 319), otherwise described as " le lundi 
en la veille seinte Katerine " {French Chron. of London, p. 56). Cf. Walsingham, 
Hist. J vol. i, p. 185. 

('') " Item le ioedi apres manger la surueille de seint Nicholas fut la teste sire 
Hughe le Despencer le fitz porte oue trumpes par my Chepe tanqe a le pount de 
Loundres et illoqes fust la teste fichee." {French Chron. of London, p. 57). His 
quarters were sent to be hung up at Dover, Bristol, York, and Newcastle. 
(Avesbury, p. 283). 

(f) "1326. In vigilia sancti Andree Apostoli [29 Nov.] apud Herefordiam 
Hugo secundus . . . enormiter, perdiciose, et crudeliter, sine judicio vel responsione, 
suspensus, distractus, et in quatuor partes divisus fuit, et in nostra ecclesia diu postea 
sepultus." {Chron. of Tewkesbury, f. 226). The permit for his bones to be collected and 
buried was given on 15 Dec. 1330. {Close Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, m. 9 d). 

{^) Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, pp. 7, II. 

H Close Rolls, 20 Edw. II, mm. 4, 2; 2 Edw. Ill, mm. 30, 27. 

(') On which day John de Grey [of Rotherfield], claiming her as his wife, 
obtained a commission of oyer and terminer. {Patent Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, ;>. I, ot 38 d). 
He was still claiming her as late as May 1333, having in the interval pursued her, 
with little success, through various ecclesiastical courts, the Pope having been appealed 
to at least three times. {Papal Letters, vol. ii, p. 394). In Jan. 133 1/2 he had hot 
words with his rival before the King and the Council. " Et apres les chaudes paroles 
si mist le dit monsire Johan mayn au cotel et treit en partie, mes ne mie tut hors de 
gayne." {Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, pp. 62, 65). For this he was imprisoned, and his lands 



DESPENSER 271 

ZoucHE DE Mortimer, of Ashby, co. Leicester [Lord Zouche], who 
(subsequently) married her. Soon afterwards this William, accompanied 
by her, was besieging her castle of Caerphilly, and orders for their arrest 
issued, 5 Feb. 1328/9. (^) She was imprisoned in the Tower and then in 
Devizes Castle, and though ordered to be released by the King and his 
Council, did not regain her liberty till after 6 Jan. i329/30,('') William la 
Zouche d. 28 Feb. 1 336/7, ("") and was bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey.('') She, 
who was his 2nd wife, was b. in Oct. 1292, at Caerphilly Castle, co. 
Glamorgan, (°) and d. 30 June 1337.0 



in. 1338 I. Sir Hugh le Despenser, s. and h., aged about 18 

to at his father's death. On 20 Oct. 1326 the King, then a 

1349. fugitive at Chepstow, ordered him to seize the castles and 

goods of Henry of Lancaster at Grosmont, Skenfritn, 

taken into the King's hand, for a couple of months. {Fine Roll, 6 Edw. Ill, m. 20; 
Close Roll, m. 32). The Annales Paulini, p. 355, relate that the two barons, in Pari., 
"in presencia domini Regis dimicati sunt." See Grey of Rotherfield. 

(») Patent Roll, 3 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 36. 

('') So her petition in 4 Edw. III. {Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, p. 58). She had been 
charged with having stolen from the Tower jewels and treasure of great value [these 
were probably her late husband's, his wardrobe having been there]. In the petition 
she stated that Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of March, had said openly that she would 
not be released till she and her husband had surrendered to the King her lands of 
Glamorgan and Morgannoc, and the manors of Hanley and Tewkesbury, which 
Roger coveted. Accordingly, by indenture dated 30 Dec. 3 Edw. Ill, they granted all 
these lands to the King {Ancient Deeds, A, no. 5782), the same to be restored to 
them on payment of ^50,000 in one day {en un iour), and they were pardoned 22 Feb. 
following. On 19 Jan. 1 330/1, after Mortimer had been hanged, they recovered 
the premises for a fine of ^^i 0,000, reduced 3 days afterwards to ^^5,000. On 
13 Oct. 1335 they were pardoned a further 2,000 marks, but the fine was not paid 
in full during their lives. {Patent Rolls, 20 Edw. II, m. 4; 4 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 42, 
p. 2, mm. 4, 3; 9 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. l8: Close Rolls, 3 Edw. Ill, mm. 1 7 d, 3d; 
4 Edw. Ill, mm. 5 d, 3d; 8 Edw. Ill, m. 34; 12 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 37). 

(■=) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on WilHam la Zousche de Mortimer), Edw. Ill, file 50, 
no. 23. See Zouche de Mortimer. 

(^) "Anno domini 1335 [m] primo die Marcii obiit dominus Willelmus le Souch 
et sepultus est in capella beate Marie Theok' in medio." {Chron. of Tewkesbury, 
f. 226). 

(e) <4 Mccxcii. Die sancti dementis [23 Nov.] . . . Johanna comitissa Glou- 
cestrie in castro de Kaerfili post partum filie purificata." {Annales de IVigornia, /. 5 1 1 ). 
This necessarily refers to Alianore. 

" Alianora que fuit uxor Hugonis le Despenser." Writ of diem cl. ext. 9 July 
II Edw. III. Inq., CO. Gloucester, 20 July 1337. " Dicunt eciam quod Hugo le 
Despenser filius predicte Alianore est heres ejusdem Alianore propinquior et est etatis 
xxvj annorum et amplius Item dicunt . . . quod predicta Alianora obiit ultimo die 
Junii annopredicto." Inq., cos. Worcester, Gloucester, Oxford, 16, 18, 19 July I337- 
Heir, aged 28 and more, or 29 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p.m., Edw. Ill, 
file 51, no. 12). The Chronicle of Tewkesbury gives the same date for her death. 



272 DESPENSER 

White Castle, and elsewhere.(') He successfully defended Caerphilly 
Castle against the Queen's forces under Roger de Chaundos, till 
he obtained pardon of the forfeiture of his life or members, 20 Mar. 
1326/7. ('') He was imprisoned, being sent to Bristol Castle, 15 Dec. 1328, 
and not released till 5 July 133 i-C") In the meantime he was implicated in 
the plot of Edmund, Earl of Kent.('^) The King promised him 200 marks 
a year in land and rent, and made him various provisional grants in satisfac- 
tion, 2 Feb. 1 33 1/2 to 18 June I334.(°) In Apr. 1332 he was about to go on 
pilgrimage to Santiago. Q On 22 and 30 Apr. 1337 he had extensive grants 
of lands. (') The King took his homage, and he had livery of his mother's 
lands, 21 July I337.(^) He was in the Scottish Wars, Nov. 1337 to 1338, C') 
and at the battle of Sluys, 24 June I340.(') He accompanied the Earl of 
Northampton in his expedition to Brittany, and with Sir Richard Talbot 
defeated the French at Morlaix in Oct. I342:(') he was then a banneret.('') 
Was appointed an envoy to the Pope concerning the King's claim to the 
Crown of France, 20 May I343.(') Accompanied the King to France in 



(=") Patent Roll, 20 Edw. II, m. 8. 

C") The garrison (some 130 men) apparently held out till Hugh's life was 
secured, 20 Mar. He had hitherto been excepted by name in the pardons issued to 
them. {Patent Rolls, 20 Edw. II, mm. 4, 3; I Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 32, 29, 16). 
Walsingham {Hist., vol. i, p. 184) says that they did not surrender till Easter 
(12 Apr.). 

(<=) Close Rolls, 2 Edw. Ill, m. 2; S Edw. Ill, p. i,m.gd: Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, 
p. 61. 

(■*) So, at least, the Earl's confession, 16 Mar. 1329/30. (Murimuth, appendix, 
p. 254). 

(<=) Patent Rolls, 6 Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 30, II, 6, 4, />. 2, m. 3, p. 3, m. 6; 
7 Edw. Ill, p. 2, ra. 24; 8 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 12. 

(') The manors of Rotherfield, Sussex, Langtree and Chittlehampton, Devon, 
3^ knights' fees and 4 advowsons, all escheats to the King by the death of Hugh le 
Despenser the younger; the manors of Ashley and Mapledurwell, Hants, Freeby, co. 
Leicester, Thorley and Wellow in the Isle of Wight; and the reversion of the manors 
of Broadtown, Sherston Magna, Upavon, Netheravon, and Seend, Wilts: in fee. 
{Patent Roll, 1 1 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 29). 

(8) Before the inquisitions were returned into Chancery (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 
236, no. 10094: Fine Roll, 1 1 Edw. Ill, m. 27), by special grace. 

(>-) Patent Roll, 1 1 Edw. Ill, p. 3, m. 18: Close Roll, 12 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 13 d. 

(') He had been provided with two ships, furnished with double equipment, 
15 Nov. 1339. {Close Roll, 13 Edw. Ill, p. 3, m. 23). 

(J) Murimuth, p. 128. His yr. br., Edward, had lately been killed at Morlaix, 
in a battle where Charles de Blois was defeated, 30 Sep. {Idem, p. 127). Froissart 
(lib. i, cap. 93), who narrates all the events quite differently, says that Edward was 
taken prisoner by Herve de Leon at the capture of Vannes by the French, and died, 
mortally wounded, the third day afterwards. 

C') He had in his retinue a banneret, 14 knights, 44 esquires, and 60 archers. 
{Close Roll, 16 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 32). 

(') French Roll, ij Edw. Ill, m. 12: Walsingham, Hist., vol. i, p. 261: Papal 
Letters, vol. iii, p. 2. 



DESPENSER 273 

July 1346, captured the town of Crotoy 24 Aug.,(*) and was in the King's 
retinue at the battle of Crecy.('') For his good services in France he re- 
ceived a pardon, 30 Oct. 1346, for all homicides, robberies, i^c, for all 
trespasses of vert and venison, and of any consequent outlawries. (") On 
14 May 1347 he was sum. to join the King before Calais. C^) He was 
sum. for Military Service against the Scots, 6 Oct. (1337) n Edw. Ill, to 
Councils from 15 June (1338) 12 Edw. Ill to 18 Feb. (1346/7) 21 Edw. Ill, 
and to Pari, from 15 Nov. (1338) 12 Edw. Ill to i Jan. (1348/9) 
22 Edw. Ill, by writs directed Hugoni le Despenser, whereby he is held to 
have become LORD LE DESPENSER.(^) He ?«., before 27 Apr. 
1341,0 Elizabeth, da. of William (de Mountagu), Earl of Salisbury, 
by Katherine, da. of Sir William de Grandson, of Lambourn, Berks, 
Eaton, CO. Hereford, {jfc. [Lord Grandson]. She had m., istly, Sir Giles 
DE Badlesmere, of Badlesmere and Chilham, Kent, Castle Combe, Wilts, 
i^c. [Lord Badlesmere], who was i^. and bap. 18 Oct. 13 14, at Hambleton, 
Rutland,(^) and d. s.p., 7 June 1338, (^) aged 23: and whose will, dat. at 
Hambleton, Thursday, 4 Dec. 1337, was pr. at Lincoln, 20 June 1338. (') 
Lord le Despenser d. s.p., 8 Feb. 1 348/9, (J) and was bur. in Tewkesbury 

(*) Letter of Michael de Northburgh. (Avesbury, p. 368). 

(•>) French Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 14. With 2 bannerets, 40 knights, 
86 esquires, and 105 archers. (Wetewang, Accounts, p. 194). At his death the King 
owed him ^2,770, wages of war. [Close Roll, 23 Edw. Ill, />. I, m. 1 1). 

(<=) Patent Roll, 20 Edw. Ill, p. 4, m. 19. 

(d) French Roll, 21 Edw. Ill, />. 1, m. 10. 

(') He is mentioned as being present in Pari., 13, 15, 17, and 18 Edw. III. 
[Pari. Rolls, vol. ii, pp. 103, 126, 135, 147). 

(') Papal mandate to the Bishop of Worcester, dated 5 kal. Maii 7 Benedict XII 
[27 Apr. 1341], to grant a dispensation to Hugh le Despenser, Lord of Tewkesbury, 
son of the late Hugh, and Elizabeth, da. of William de Mountagu, Earl of Salisbury, 
to remain in the marriage they had contracted in order to allay the strife between the 
said Ead and the late Hugh [sic], although Giles de Badlesmere, Elizabeth's former 
husband, was related to Hugh in the 3rd-3rd degrees of consanguinity: and to declare 
their offspring legitimate. {Papal Letters, vol. ii, p. 553). 

(6) Proof of age of Giles, s. and h. of Bartholomew de Badelesmere. (Ch. 
Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 45, no. 2). 

C") Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Giles de Badelesmere kt.), Edw. Ill, files 56, 57. 

(') Lincoln Reg., vol. v, ff". 80V-81. "Egidius de Badlesmere miles . . . corpus 
meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia fratrum de ordine minorum Cant' juxta patrem 
meum si contingat me mori infra regnum Anglie Scocie vel Wallie Et si in partibus 
transmarinis ad sepeliendum alibi ad disposicionem executorum meorum." 

(') " Hugo le Despenser." Writs of diem cl. ext. 8 Feb. 23 Edw. in England 
and 10 in France. Inq., Devon, Wilts, Berks, city of London, Tuesday before 
St. Gregory [10 Mar.], 13, 17 Mar. 1348/9, 22 Apr. 1349: Hants (2), 3 Mar. and 
Thursday 5 Mar.; co. Worcester (2), 4, 6 Mar.; Sussex (2), 5, 6 Mar.; co. Glou- 
cester (3), ID, ID, 12 Mar.; Bucks (2), 15, 15 Mar.; March of Wales (10), 14 to 19, 
21, 23, 23, 23 Mar.; all 1348/9: Oxon (3), 19, 20 Mar. 1348/9, 26 Mar. 1349- 
"Et dicunt quod predictus Hugo obiit octavo die Februarii proximo preterite [die 
dominica proxima post festum Purificacionis beate Marie — co. Devon] Et dicunt quod 

35 



274 DESPENSER 

Abbey.(*) At his death any Barony, that may be supposed to have been 
created by the writ of 1338, became extinct. On 30 Apr. 1349 his widow 
had livery of her dower, and on 6 May following of the knights' fees and 
advowsons of her dower, which had been assigned to her by the King-C") 
She m., 3rdly, as 2nd wife, before 10 July i35o,(') Sir Guy de Briene, of 
Laugharne, co. Carmarthen, and Walwyn's Castle, co. Pembroke [Lord 
Briene], who d. 17 Aug. I390,('') and was bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey. 
She d. 30 or 31 May 1359,0 ^^ Ashley, Hants, and was bur., with her 
2nd husband, in Tewkesbury Abbey.(') 



IV. 1357. I. Sir Edward le Despenser, nephew and h., being 

s. and h. of Sir Edward le Despenser, of Buckland, Bucks, 



Edwardus fih'us Edwardi le Despenser fratris predicti Hugonis est heres cjusdem 
Hugonis propinquior et est etatis xij annorum et amplius [xiij aniiorum — co. Devon]." 
(Ch. Inq.p. m., Edw, III, file 105: Exch. Inq.p. m., Enrolments, nos. 66, 68, 69, 74). 

(^)"Hugo tercius . . . decessit 6° idus Februarii sub anno domini 1348. 
Sepultus est apud Theok' juxta summum altare in dextera parte . . . Iste fregit 
Scheltram apud bellum de Scluise in marl, quia potens erat in beilo." [Chron. of 
Tewkabury, f. 226v). 

(*>) Namely, of the castles and manors of Neath, Kenfig, Llanblethian, and 
Talafan, the country of Rhythyn, the manor of Radyr, is'c., co. Glamorgan, the manor 
of Tewkesbury, the castle and manor of Hanley with Malvern Chase, some 60 knights' 
fees, and 7 advowsons. The manors of Rotherfield, Sherston Magna, Ashley, Ship- 
ton-on-Cherwell, Burford, Stanford-in-the-Vale, and Martley, which she and her 
husband had held jointly at his death, were liberated to her by five writs de non 
intromittendo, 30 Apr. {Close Roll, 23 Edw. Ill, p. I, mm. 20, 12, 10). 

(<=) Close Roll, 24 Edw. Ill, p. i,m. 6. 

(<>) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Guy de Briene chr.), Ric. II, file 62, no. 8. See 
Devereux. 

{^) " Elizabetha que fuit uxor Hugonis le Despenser." Writs of diem cl. ext. 
I and 2 June 33 Edw. in England and 20 in France. Inq., cos. Gloucester, 
Worcester, Sussex, Hants, Wilts, Berks, Oxon, 12, 13, 13, 15, 18 June, i and 2 July 
1359. "Et dicunt quod predicta Elizabetha obiit penultimo die Maii [prime die 
Junii — CO. Sussex'] proximo preterito Et dicunt quod Edwardus le Despenser filius 
Edwardi le Despenser fratris predicti Hugonis etatis xxij°™™ [viginti trium — cos. 
TVorcester, Gloucester] annorum et amplius est consanguineus et cjusdem Hugonis 
heres propinquior." In ten other inquisitions, concerning the lands which she had 
held in dower or otherwise of the inheritance of Giles de Badlesmere, her former 
husband, she is stated to have died, 20 May "apud Asshelee " (co. Bucks), 30 May 
(cos. Herts, Sussex, Oxon), 31 May (co. Kent, city of London), I June (cos. Sussex (2), 
Kent), or 20 June "ut inteligunt [sic] " (co. Suffolk). There is also a writ, probably 
issued in error, co. Somerset, with an Inq., return nil. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, 
file 145: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 14, no. 20, and Enrolments, nos. 1 19, 121). 

(') " Anno domini 1359 obiit domina Elizabetha le Despencer apud Assteley [mis- 
printed in Monasticon] in comitatu Hamptonie, filia quondam Willelmi de Monte acuto 
comitis Saru', ac uxor Gwidonis de Bryene militis, et relicta Hugonis iij le Despencer, 
ultimo die mensis Maii, hoc est in die sancte Petronille virginis, et sepulta jacet cum 
nobili viro suo primo [sic] marito in tumba satis preclara cum ymaginibus de marmore 
albo." {Chron. of Tewkesbury, f. 226v). 



DESPENSER 275 

Eyworth, Beds, West Winterslow, Wilts, Essendine, Rutland, &c.,{-') by 
Anne (who was m. at Groby, 20 Apr. 1335, and d. 8 Aug. I367),('') da. of 
Sir William de Ferrers, of Groby, co. Leicester [Lord Ferrers], (") which 
last named Edward was 2nd son of Hugh le Despenser the younger, and 
d. v.f.y 30 Sep. I342.('') He was b. and bap. 24 Mar. 1335/6, at Essen- 
dine.C) He accompanied the Prince of Wales to Gascony in Sep. 1355, 
and was in the skirmish at Romorantin in Sologne and at the battle of 
Poitiers: he was then a knight. (*) He had livery of his uncle's lands. 



(*) These manors, by virtue of divers fines, had reverted to the elder Edward in 
1334, on the death of Idoine de Leybourne, wife of John de Crumbewelle. {Clou 
Roll, 8 Edw. Ill, m. 7). 

(*>) "Anna que fuit uxor Edwardi le Despenser." Writ o{ diem cl. ext. 15 Oct. 
41 Edw. III. Inq., Wilts, 4 Nov. 1367/8. "Et dicunt quod dictum manerium 
[Wynterslewe] est de hereditate Edwardi le Despenser filii preJictorum Edwardi et 
Anne et est etatis xxv annorum et amplius et est propinquior heres predict! Edwardi 
le Despenser patris sui Dicunt eciam . . . quod predicta Anna . . . obiit viij die 
August! ultimo preterito." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 193, no. 17: Exch. 
Ing. p. m., I, file 22, no. I 3). On the Close Roll (48 Edw. Ill, m. 1 1), Anne is said to 
have been wife of Sir Thomas de Ferrers (of Moor End and Plumpton, Northants), but 
this is an error. {Cf. Close Roll, 26 Edw. Ill, m. 23 d). For this Thomas, who was 
really br. of Anne, see Le Straunge of Whitchurch. 

C^) Dugdale and other genealogists say that Anne was da. of (her br.) Henry de 
Ferrers of Groby, whose wife, Isabel de Verdun, was b. 21 Mar. 131 6/7, and is thus 
represented to have been a grandmother at the age of 19. 

(•*) " Edwardus le Despenser." Writs of diem cl. ext. 28 Oct. 16 Edw. in 
England and 3 in France. Inq., Wilts, Notts, 22 Nov. 1342 and Wednesday after 
Epiphany [8 Jan.] 1342/3. "... die Lune in crastino sancti Michaelis ultimo 
preterito . . . idem Edwardus diem clausit extremum . . . Edwardus filius predicti 
Edwardi est proximus heres et fuit etatis quinque annorum ad festum Annunciacionis 
beate Marie ultimum elapsum [et etatis sex annorum — co. JP^'ilts]." Inq., cos. Bedi, 
Bucks, York, Thursday and Friday before St. Martin [7, 8 Nov.] 1 342, and Thursday 
after Epiphany [9 Jan.] 1342/3. Heir, aged 5, or 5 and more, as before. Inq., cos. 
Lincoln and Rutland, 18 Jan. 1342/3. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 67, no. 3). 
The will, not registered, "quondam domini Edwardi le Despencer militis defuncti," 
was pr. at Elsham, xij kal. marcii 1342 [18 Feb. 1342/3]. [Lincoln Reg., vol. vii, 
f 209V). 

(=) Writ de etate probanda 1 8 July 30 Edw. in England and 17 in France. 
" Probacio etatis Edwardi filii Edwardi le Despenser consanguine! et heredis Hugonis 
le Despenser defuncti," Essendine, Sunday after St. Peter ad vinculo [7 Aug.] 1356. 
"... quidam Edwardus le Despenser pater predicti Edwardi filii Edwardi despon- 
savit quandam Annam filiam Willelmi de Ferarr' militis apud Groby in comitatu Leyc' 
XX die Aprilis anno regni regis E. tercii post conquestum Anglie ix° de qua quedam 
Anna idem Edwardus procreavit prefatum Edwardum filium Edwardi Et idem 
Edwardus filius Edwardi nascebatur apud Esynden' in comitatu predicto [Rotel'] 
xxiiij° die Marcii videlicet in vigilia Annunciacionis beate Marie anno regni regis nunc 
Anglie x" Et in ecclesia sancte Marie Magdalene de Esynden' eodem die baptizatus." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 135, no. lo). 

(^ Gascon Rolls, 29 Edw. Ill, m. 2; 30 Edw. Ill, m. i: Froissart, lib. i, 
cap. 156, 160. 



276 



DESPENSER 



26 Mar. 1357, his homage being respited, as he was still on the King's 
service in Gascony with Prince Edward. (") He was sum. to Councils from 
20 June (1358) 32 Edw. Ill to 10 Feb. (1361/2) 36Edw. Ill, and to Pari. 
from 15 Dec. (1357) 31 Edw. Ill to 6 Oct. (1372) 46 Edw. Ill, by writs 
directed Edwardo le Despenser, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
LE DESPENSER. C") The King having taken his homage, he had livery, 
6 July 1359, of the lands which Elizabeth, late the wife of his uncle, Hugh, 
had held in dower or for life, together with a gift of the issues of these 
lands since her death. ("=) He was with the King in the invasion of France, 
Oct. 1359 to i36o.('') Nom. K.G. in 1361. He went with the Duke of 
Clarence to Milan in 1368, and took part in the war in Lombardy, returning 
to England about Aug. I372.(') He accompanied the King in his attempted 
invasion of France in Sep. 1372,0 was Constable of the Army in the Duke 
of Lancaster's unsuccessful expedition to France in 1373-74,(0 ^^'^ assisted 
the Duke of Brittany in his campaign in that province in I375.(^) He 
w., before 2 Aug. i354,C') Elizabeth, da. and h.(') of Sir Bartholomew 
DE BuRGHERSH, of Ewias Lacy, co. Hereford, Stert and Colerne, Wilts, 
6fc. [Lord Burghersh], by his ist wife. Cicely, da. of Sir Richard de 
Weyland, of Blaxhall and Cockfield, Suffolk. Her mother's lands were 
liberated to them, 9 July i369.(') He ^. 11 Nov. I375,('') at Llanblethian, 

(») Close Roll, 31 Edw. Ill, m. 22. 

('') He was a trier of petitions, 37, 38, 40, and 46 Edw. III. {Pari. Rolls, 
vol. ii, pp. 275, 283, 289, 309). 

(<=) Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 378, no. 24226: Close Roll, 33 Edw. Ill, m. 19. 

(<i) French Rolls, 33 Edw. Ill, p. 1, m. 6, p. 2, m. 17; 34 Edw. Ill, ;w. 4: he 
was still in France, Oct. 1361 {Idem, 35 Edw. Ill, mm. 16, 5): Froissart, lib. i, 
cap. 207. The historian elsewhere relates that he spent three days at Berkeley Castle 
in Sep. 1366 "en la compagnie de messire Edouwart le Espensier." 

(') French Rolls, 42 Edw. Ill, m. 4; 43 Edw. Ill, m. 2; 44- Edw. Ill, m. 27; 
45 Edw. Ill, m. 14. He was at Viterbo, 8 May 1370, and at Cologne, when on his 
way home, 26 July 1372. {Patent Rolls, 2 Hen. IV, p. 2, m. 30; 4 Ric. II, /. I, 
m. 2). On 10 Mar. 1369/70 the Pope wrote to the Duke of Lancaster asking him 
to commend Edward, Lord of Despenser kt., to the King, as having won a glorious 
name in the battles of Lombardy. {Papal Letters, vol. iv, p. 28). 

Almoin Roll, 47 Edw. Ill, m. ii: Froissart, lib. i, cap. 312, 317, 320. 

(8) French Roll, 48 Edw. Ill, m. 8: Walsingham, Hist., vol. i, p. 318: Froissart, 
lib. i, cap. 322, 323. 

C") Papal Letters, vol. iii, p. 528. 

('J She was also heir to any Barony of Burghersh that may be held to have existed. 

(i) Close Roll, 43 Edw. Ill, m. 10. 

C*) "Edwardus le Despenser chivaler." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 18 Nov. 49 Edw. 
in England and 36 in France. Inq., cos. Sussex, Berks, Wilts, Oxon, Hants, Suffolk, 
Hereford, York, Friday the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 11,13 Dec, Friday after 
St. Lucy [14 Dec], 28 Dec. 1375, Thursday after the Circumcision [3 Jan.], 
4 and 12 Jan. i375/6;co. Gloucester (2), Thursday the vigil of St. Thomas the Apostle 
[20 Dec] 1375 and 20 Jan. 1375/6; March of Wales (2), i Dec. 1375 and 10 Jan. 
1375/6. "Et dicunt quod idem Edwardus obiit xj™° [xij — cos. Suffolk, Tori] die 
mensis Novembris ultimo preterito Et dicunt quod Thomas filius predicti Edwardi 



DESPENSER 277 

CO. Glamorgan, aged 39, and was bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey. ("') Will 
dat. at his manor of Llanblethian, 6 Nov. 1375, pr. in the Church of 
St. Mary of the Arches, London, 11 Feb. 1 375/6. C") The King took 
Elizabeth's homage and fealty for her father's lands in England and Ireland, 
22 Feb. 1375/6, and she had livery thereof, 22 and 24 Feb.(') On 
22 Feb. she also had livery of her dower, and on 23 May following of the 
knights' fees and advowsons of her dower, which had been assigned to her by 
the King.('') She, who was aged 27 and more in May 1369,0 d'. 26 July 

est heres ejus propinquior et etatis duorum annorum et amplius [etatis duorum 
annorum — co. Hereford: fuit etatis duorum annorum xxij die Septembris proximo ante 
obitum predicti Edwardi — co. Gloucester, March of IValcf^y Inq., city of London (2), 
Thursday the Feast of St. Lucy (2) [13 Dec] 1375; cos. Notts, Northants, Leicester, 
Devon, Saturday the vigil of Epiphany, Monday after St. Hilary, and Monday before 
the Conversion of St. Paul (2) [5, 14, 21 Jan.] 1375/6; co. Worcester (3), 5, 7, and 
7 Dec. 1375; Bucks (2), Friday after the Conception of the Virgin [14 Dec] 1375 
and 8 Feb. 1375/6; co. Warwick, Friday the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul 
[25 Jan.] 1375/6. "... dictus Edwardus obiit in festo [ar die dominica in festo] 
sancti Martini ultimo preterito." Heir, aged 2 and more, as before [incorrectly called 
Henry,aged2 — co. Notts]. (Ch. /«y./>. to., Edw. Ill, files 252, 253: Exch. Inq.p. m.,l, 
file 39, no. 8, and Enrohnents, nos. 173, 178, 179, 180, 182, 183). 

{') " Edwardus 2"' obiit in Cambria apud Lanblethian in die sancti Martini anno 
1375 et sepultus est apud Theok' ante ostium vestiarii juxta presbiterium ubi uxor 
ejus edificavit capellam ex lapidibus arte mirifica constructam que dedicata est in 
honore sancte Trinitatis." {Chron. of Tewiesiur\, f. 227V). This chapel still remains. 
On the roof of it is the knight's effigy, kneeling, under a canopy, and facing the 
high altar. 

C") Lambeth Reg., Sudbury, fF. 89 v-90: Lincoln Reg. (no probate), vol. xii, f. 165 v. 
"Edward' le Despenser sire de Glawmorg' et Morgann' . . . nostre corps destre enterree 
deyns nostre abbeye de Teukesbury iouste nostre auncestres gisauntz al couste 
de South'." 

if) Of the manors of Killoteran and Ballygunner, co. Waterford, 22 Feb., and 
of the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewias Lacy [now Longtown], 24 Feb., 
which her husband had held at his death as of her right and inheritance. Two writs 
de non intromittendo, 20 and 22 Feb., liberated to her the manor of Upton-on-Severn, 
which she and her husband had held jointly at his death, and 9 manors and 5 advow- 
sons, CO. Suffolk, which she had inherited from her mother. {Close Roll, 50 Edw. Ill, 
p. I, mm. 18, 13). On 24 Feb. the Chancellor, John Knyvet, was ordered to take her 
fealty. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 445, no. 30930). The Irish manors had been restored 
to them, 4 Mar. 1372/3, having been forfeited because Edward had not gone nor sent 
men to Ireland on or before Easter 43 Edw. Ill to defend that land, in accordance with 
the ordinance of 42 Edw. Ill, he being then staying in Lombardy by the King's 
orders. {Patent Roll, 47 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 11). 

(■*) Namely, of the castle and vill of Caerphilly, the country of Senghennydd, the 
hamlet of Rudry, Ynys-yr-ysgallon, the manor of Whitchurch, the manor and country 
of Talafan, the vill of Cowbridge, the castle and manor of Llanblethian, the country 
of Rhythyn, co. Glamorgan, the manor and borough of Tewkesbury, the castle and 
manor of Hanley, some 60 knights' fees, and 7 advowsons. {Close Roll, 50 Edw. Ill, 
p. I, mm. 13, 12). 

(') " Bartholomeus de Burgherssh' chivaler." Writs of diem cl. ext. 20 Apr. 
43 Edw. III. Inq., Suffolk (2), Essex, Wednesday the vigil of, and Friday and Monday 



278 DESPENSER 

1409, and was bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey.C) Will dat. 4 July 1409, pr. 
at Lambeth, 10 Aug. i409.('') 

V. 1375 2 or 5. Thomas (le Despenser), Lord Despenser or 

to LE Despenser, 3rd but ist surv. s. and h.,(') b. 22 Sep. 

1400. 1373- He went to Scotland with the King in 1385, C*) 

and accompanied the Earl of Arundel, then Admiral, in the 

naval campaign of 1388. (*) Had licence to go to Prussia with the Duke 

of Gloucester, 20 May I39i.("") On 7 Mar. 1393/4, when under age, he 

received a grant of full livery of all his lands, having however to pay rent 

therefor: grant repeated i May following. (') Being about to sail with the 

King to Ireland, he was released from the said rent, 10 Sep. 1394, although 

he was still under age: his homage and fealty being respited. (') He was 

one of the eight persons, suborned by the King, who appealed of treason 

the Lords Appellants, viz., the Duke of Gloucester and the Earls of 

Arundel and Warwick, in Pari., 21 Sep. I397-C) He was in consequence 

after. Corpus C/iristi [30 May, I, 4 June] 1369. " Et dicunt quod idem Bartholo- 
meus obiit quinto die Aprilis ultimo elapso et quod Elizabetha filia ejus uxor 
Edwardi le Spencer est heres ejus propinquior et etatis xxvij annorum et amplius." 
Inq., Wilts, March of Wales, 24 Apr. and 10 May 1369. Date of death, and heir, 
aged 24 and more, as before. Inq., co. Leicester, Saturday the Feast of St. Michael 
[29 Sep.] 1369. No date of death: heir, aged 24, as before. Inq., Dublin, Thurs- 
day after St. Peter ad vinculo [2 Aug.] 1369. Date of death, 4 Apr.: heir, aged 26, as 
before. (Ch. /«y./>. w., Edw. Ill, file 206, no. 14: Exch. /«y. />. w., I, file 30, no. 13). 

(^) "Et domina Elizabetha . . . permansit in viduitate sua . . . fere xxxiij 
annis. Et obiit die sancte Anne anno domini 1409 et sepulta est infra chorum 
Theok' in sinistra viri sui sub lapide marmoreo." {Chron. of Tewkeihury, f. 227V), 
" Elizabetha qui fuit uxor Edwardi iiuper domini Ledespenser chivaler defuncti." 
Writs of dietn cl. ext. to the escheators in Kent and Sussex, 5 Aug. [Fine Roll, 
10 Hen. IV, m. 23). 

('') Lambeth Reg., Arundel ii, fF. 108 v-iog. " Elizabethe de Burgherssh' dame 
Ladespenser . . . men' corps destre enterre en lesglise de nostre dame de Teukesbury 
parentre mon' seignur Edwarde Sir le Despenser et mon' fitz Sir Thomas le 
Despenser." Her seal, attached to a deed dated 9 Mar. 2 Hen. IV, bears a shield 
per pale: dexter, Despenser: sinister, [Gules], a lion rampant, tail forked [Or], 
Burghersh. Above the shield a griffin couchant. Legend, "le: Seal: elizabet: dame: 
la: despensere." (Harl. Charter, no. 56, D30: Cast, Brit. Mus., Ixxxv, no. 39). 

(') " Edwardus vero 2"^ . . . copulavit sibi in matrimonium dominam Eliza- 
betham filiam domini Bartholomei de Borowashe, de qua genuit Edwardum tercium 
qui obiit duodenus apud Kardif sed apud Theok' sepelitur in capella sancte Marie, 
et Hugonem 4""° qui obiit cito postquam natus erat et sepelitur cum fratre suo. Deinde 
genuit iiij" filias . . . Et predictus Edwardus in ultima etate sua genuit Thomam le 
Despenser et [i/V] comitem Glowc'." [Chron. of Tewkesbury, f. 227). 

{^) Froissart, lib. ii, cap. 169. 

(«) Patent Rolls, II Ric. II, /. 2, w. 28; 14 Ric. II, />. 2, w. 13; 17 Ric. II, 
i. 2, mm. 29, 3; 18 Ric. II, p. I, mm. 22, 17. 

(*) Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 374-380. The eight were, the Earls of Rutland, 
Kent, Huntingdon, Nottingham, Somerset, Salisbury, the Lord Despenser, and 
William le Scrope, Chamberlain. They were mostly very young men, and dressed 



DESPENSER 279 

granted, 28 Sep. following, the manors of Elmley Castle, Elmley Lovett, 
dfj'c, CO. Worcester, forfeited by the Earl of Warwick, and the manor of 
Medmenham, Bucks, forfeited by the Earl of Arundel, to him and his wife 
Constance and the heirs male of his body: and was appointed Constable of 
the Castles of Gloucester and St. Briavels, and W^arden of the Forest of 
Dean, for life.(') Next day, 29 Sep. 1397, he was cr., in Pari., EARL 
OF GLOUCESTER, and girded with his sword in the usual way.(^) 
Subsequently, on petition in the same Pari., he obtained the reversal of the 
sentence of disheritance and exile (pronounced 15 Edw. II, re-affirmed 
I Edw. Ill) on his ancestors, Hugh the elder and Hugh the younger:('') 
whereby any Baronies, that may be supposed to have been created by the 
writs of 1295 and 13 14, became vested in him. In 1398 he had the foresight 
to obtain licence to convey some 20 manors to feoffees. C") K.G. in or 
before Apr. 1399. He accompanied the King to Ireland in May I399,('') 
returning with him in July, being one of those for whose safety the King 
obtained a guarantee. (■=) Nevertheless, he was chosen as one of the proxies — 
he representing "Dukes and Erles " — to notify Richard II of his deposi- 
tion. (') He was sum. to Pari. 30 Nov. (1396) 20 Ric. II to 30 Sep. (1399) 
I Hen. IV, by writs directed Thome le Despenser, with the addition of Comiti 
Gloucestrie on and after 5 Nov. 1397. He was sent to the Tower, 20 Oct. 
1399, and was brought thence in custody, and examined in Pari, before 
the King and the Council, Wednesday, 29 Oct., as one of the eight 
appellants mentioned above, concerning his complicity in the murder of the 
Duke of Gloucester, but he declared that he knew nothing about the Duke's 

for the occasion in uniform suits " rubiarum togarum de cerico rotulatarum et albo 
serico Uteris aureis immixtarum " (Adam of Usk, p. 1 2), they enjoyed themselves 
thoroughly. The St. Alban's Chronicler {AnnaUs Ricardi II, p. 215) relates that 
when the Earl of Arundel, in the course of his trial, gave a sarcastic reply, " tunc 
appellantes octo stantes ex opposite projectis chirothecis prosequebantur appeliacionem 
suam parum ante lectam, et offerentes se duello pro assercione appeliacionis sue, 
corporisque gesticulacionibus et indecoris saltacionibus, se magis representabant tortores 
theatrales quam milites vel viros sobrios: sed uhra omnes Comes Cancie, sororis sue 
filius, ridiculose se commovit." For their spirited conduct they were rewarded by 
being created, ail on one day, the first four, dukes, the fifth, a marquess, and the last 
two, earls. 

(*) Patent Roll, 21 Ric. II, p. I, mm. 6, I : Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 355, 360-367. 

('') Licence dated 18 Oct. (Ch. Privy Seals, I, file 577, no. 12429: Patent 
Roll, 22 Ric. II, p. 1, m. 1). By his charter, dated i Feb. 21 Ric. II, Thomas le 
Despenser, Earl of Gloucester, released to Roger de Mortemer, Earl of March and 
Ulster, all his rights in the castle, lordship, vill, manor, and honour of Denbigh, the 
cantreds of Rhos, Rhyfiniog, and Kinmerch, the commote of Dinmael, the castles and 
lordships of Usk, Caerleon, Tregreg, Trelleck, Clifford, and Glasbury, and all the 
other lands, is'c, that Edmund, father of the said Roger, had held, or the said Roger 
then held, which formerly belonged to the Lord Hugh Despenser hessaiel of the said 
Earl of Gloucester, or to any of the ancestors of the same Earl. {Cartulary of the 
Earls of March, Addit. MSS., no. 6041, f. 37). 

(■=) Patent Roll, 22 Ric. II, /. 3, m. 37: Annales Ricardi II, pp. 250, 278, 279: 
Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 422-424: Chron. of London, edit. Kingsford, p. 41. 



28o DESPENSER 

death that was not common knowledge: and as to the judgments on the 
Earls of Arundel and Warwick, the exile of the present King, and the other 
judgments pronounced in the Pari, of 2 1 Ric. II, they were not by his advice 
nor counsel, but altogether against his wish and intent. (*) He was, however, 
adjudged, 3 Nov., to " lese and forgo ... the name of Erie and the worship 
thereof," and also to forfeit all grants made to him since he became an 
appellant.(*) He m., between 16 Apr. 1378 and 14 Jan. i383/4,('') 
Constance, da. of Edmund of Langley, Earl of Cambridge, afterwards 
Duke of York., by his ist wife, Isabel, illegitimate da. of Pedro, the Cruel, 
King of Castile and Leon. He joined in the plot to seize Henry IV, and 
on its failure fled, escaping from Cirencester to Cardiff, whence he took ship 
for the continent, but was landed at Bristol, where he was seized, and 
beheaded, 13 Jan. 1 399/1400, aged 26.('') His head was sent to the 
King,('^) and his body was bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey.^) In the Pari, 
which met in Jan. 1 400/1 he and his fellow conspirators were declared to 
be traitors, and as such to have forfeited all the lands which they had 
possessed in fee simple on 5 Jan. i Hen. IV, and all their goods and 
chattels :(*) whereby any hereditary Baronies, that may be supposed to 
have been created by the writs of 1295, 13 14, and 1357, vtcvQ forfeited. 

(*) Close Roll, I Hen. IV, p. I, m. 24: Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 449-452: Annales 
Ricardi 11, pp. 313-320: Chron. of London, pp. 57-59. Adam of Uslc (p. 28) accuses 
him of poisoning the Duke's son. 

C') Patent Rolls, I Ric. II, ;i. 5, ot. i 7 ; 7 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 34. At the eadier date his 
marriage was granted to the Earl, in order that he might marry the Earl's daughter. 

(■=) ". . . juxta vota communium decollatus est." {^Annales Henrict IV, p. 329). 
When captured, before the Mayor's house, he was wearing a short hanselin with 
silver-gilt spangles, and a furred gown of motley damask velvet, and was carrying j^30 
in gold and silver: the money was returned to his widow. {Patent Rolls, I Hen. IV, 
p. 5, mm. 21, 9, />. 6, m. 36). "Thomas le Despenser chivaler." Writ oi diem cl. ext. 
26 Feb. X Hen. IV. Inq., Sussex, 15 Apr. 1400. "Et dicunt quod Thomas le 
Despensere obiit die Martis proximo post festum Epiphanie domini ultimo preterita Et 
quod Ricardus filius predicti Thome est ejus heres propinquior et in festo sancti Andree 
Apostoli ultimo preterito fuit etatis trium annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file I, 
no. 2: Exch. Inq. p. m.. Enrolments, no. 363). 

(^) By a peremptory writ of mandamus, dated 24 Jan., the mayor and sheriff of 
Bristol were ordered to send the head of Thomas, late Lord le Despenser, and those 
persons late his servants now under arrest, to the sheriffs of London. [Close Roll, 
I Hen. IV, p.i,m. 19). According to the chroniclers, the head was brought to London 
by the Earl of Rutland on 19 or 20 Jan. {Traison et Mori de Richart 11, p. 100: 
Jean Lebeau, Chron. de Richard 11, edit. Buchon, p. 59). 

(^) "... qui nequiter fuit occisus apud Bristoliam a populari vulgo feria iij^ 
post festum [/. in festo] sancti Hillarii anno domini 1 399 et apud Theok' sepultus in 
medio chori sub lampade que jugiter ardet ante corpus dominicum." {Chron. of 
Tewkesbury, f. 228). 

(') "... nounobstant qils feurent mortz sur le dit leve de guerre saunz processe 
de ley." This " declaracion and jugement of treason " was " reversed repelled and 
annulled" in Pari., i Edw. IV, it being recited that "certeyn persones of evell riotous 
and cedicious disposicion, joyed in rumour and rebellious novelryes . . . tirannyously 



DESPENSER 281 

His widow was granted his goods and chattels, valued at ;r200, besides 
silver, ii Feb., and lands worth i,ooo marks a year for her maintenance, 
for life, 19 Feb. 1 399/1 400. (*) In the Pari, of 5 Hen. IV, she was, on her 
petition, given leave to sue for her dower, notwithstanding her late husband's 
forfeiture.(^) On 17 Feb. 1404/5 she appeared before the Council on a 
charge of being concerned in the abduction of the young Mortimers from 
Windsor Castle, when she incriminated her brother, the Duke of York.C") 
She was sent to Kenilworth Castle, and her property was seized :('') 
her goods were restored 19 Jan. 1405/6, and her manors 18 June tollow- 
ing.C') About this time she had, or may be supposed to have had, a 
liaison with Edmund, Earl of Kent-C*) She ^.28 Nov. I4l6,(') and was 
bur. in 1420 in the Abbey of Reading.Q 

murdred, with grete cruelte and horrible violence in an outerageous hedy fury, the 
right noble and worthy lordes John Montague late Erie of Salesbury and Thomas late 
Lorde le Despencer." {Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, p. 459, vol. v, p. 484). 

(») Patent Rolls, I Hen. IV, p. 6, m. 37; />. 5, m. 4: Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, p. 533. 

C") Annales Henrici IF, p. 398: Walsingham, Hist., vol. ii, p. 268: Issue Roll, 
no. 581, m. 12. 

{") Patent Rolls, 7 Hen. IV, p. 1, m. 2$, p. 2, m. 21. 

(^) In a petition to Pari., by Margaret, Duchess of Clarence, Joan, Duchess of 
York, and others, 9 Hen. VI, it was stated that Alianore, wife of James, Lord Audeley, 
pretended to be da. and h. of Edmund, late Earl of Kent, " and begetyn and born in 
espousels pretentyd had betwix hym and Custance of late wyf to Thomas Lord 
Spencer," but the said Alianore is a bastard, " and nevere eny espousels wer hadde," 
but Edmund openly wedded Luce, sister of the Duke of Milan, at London, "lyvyng 
and thanne and there present the saide Custance, not claymyng the saide Edmond 
unto her husbond," and that the said Luce outlived the said Edmund, and had 
dower of his lands as his lawful wife. {Pari. Rolls, vol. iv, p. 375). Alianore is 
called Alianore Holond damsel, in the papal mandate to the Bishop of Lichfield, dated 
xvikal. Mar. 13 Martin V [14 Feb. 1429/30] to grant a dispensation to James Touchet, 
Lord of Audeley kt., and the said Alianore, to contract, renew, and remain in the 
marriage which they had contracted per verba legitime de presenti but had not consum- 
mated, they not being in ignorance that they were related in the 3rd-3rd degrees of 
affinity. {Papal Letters, vol. viii, p. 175). This disposes of the statement in the 
Chronicle of Tewkesbury that she was a legitimate da. of Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 
by Constance abovenamed, a statement which is indeed, as far as the legitimacy is 
concerned, impossible. 

(') "Constancia que fuit uxor Thome nuper domini le Despenser defuncti que 
quasdam terras et quedam tenementa . . . tenuit in dotem et alias . . . de hereditate 
Isabelle uxoris Ricardi de Beauchamp' de Bergevenny chivaler." Writs of diem el. ext. 
28 Nov. 4 Hen. V. Inq., cos. Oxon, Bucks, Gloucester, Devon, Cornwall, York, 
Lincoln, Wilts, Rutland, Notts, and city of London, 7, 10, 12, 16 Dec, Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Saturday, before St. Thomas the Aposde [i6, 17, 19 Dec] 1416, 
Tuesday after Epiphany, Saturday before, and Friday after, the Purification [12, 30 Jan., 
5 Feb.], and i Feb. 1416/7. "... eadem Constancia obiit die Sabbati proximo ante 
festum sancti Andree Apostoli ultimo preteritum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Hen. V, file 22, 
no. 52: Exch. Inj. p. m., I, file 106, no. 3). 

"Obiit domina Constancia . . . anno domini 141 7 [sic] et sepulta est apud 
monasterium de Reding anno domini 1420." {Chron. of Tewkeshurv, f. 228v). 



282 



DESPENSER 



The following persons would have been entitled to the Barony of 
le Despenser but for the attainder in 1400. 

Richard le Despenser, only s. and h. of the last Lord, 
b. 30 Nov. 1396. On the death, 26 July 1409, of his grand- ^d 'A^ 
mother, Elizabeth (de Burghersh), Lady la Despenser, any 
hereditary Barony of Burghersh, that may be supposed to have 
existed, became vested in him. He d. s.p., 7 Oct. 1414, aged 
nearly 18. 

Isabel la Despenser, only surv. sister(^) and h., b. 26 July 
1400. She »2., istly, Richard (de Beauchamp), Earl of 
Worcester and Lord Abergavenny, who d. s.p.m. in Mar. 
142 1/2. She »;., 2ndly, as 2nd wife, Richard (de Beauchamp), 
Earl OF Warwick, who 1:/. 30 Apr. 1439. She^'. 27Dec. 1439. 

Henry de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, only s. and h. 
of his mother, by her 2nd husband. He was b. 22 Mar. 
1424/5, and sue. his father as Earl of Warwick in 1439. On 
5 Apr. 1445 he was cr. Duke of Warwick. He d. s.p.m., 
1 1 June 1446. 

Anne, suo jure Countess of Warwick, only da. and h., b. 
13 or 14 Feb. 1443/4. She d. 3 June 1449, when any hereditary 
Baronies of Burghersh and {subject to the attainder) le Despenser, 
that may be supposed to have existed, fell into 



II 



The coheirs were (i) George (Neville), Lord Abergavenny, s. and 
h. of Edward, Lord Abergavenny, by Elizabeth, elder da. of Isabel 
(la Despenser) abovenamed, and her only child by her ist husband, 
Richard, Earl of Worcester. (2) Anne, suo jure Countess of Warwick, 
wife of Richard (Neville), Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, and yr. da. of 
the said Isabel, being her only da. by her 2nd husband, Richard, Earl of 
W^arwick. See Abergavenny, and Warwick, Earldom of, cr. 1450. 



[The attainder of this Barony in the person of Thomas, Lord le 
Despenser, in 1400, was reversed in 1461 [i Edw. IV], but the right to it 
(together with the right to the Barony of Burghersh) was at that time 
in abeyance and continued so until 1 6o4,('') when it was allowed as under.] 

(») There was an elder sister, Elizabeth, who d. young, and was bur. at Cardiff, 
according to the Chronicle of Tewkesbury. 

C") "If the proceedings relative to the claim of Lady Fane, in 1 603, admit or 
any positive inference, it would appear that it was then held that the Barony of 
Despenser had been solely vested in Elizabeth, the daughter of Isabel, by her first 



DESPENSER 283 

VI. 1604. 1- Dame Mary Fane became, by patent 25 May 

(1604)2 Jac. I, j«o>r^ BARONESS LE DESPENSER, 
the abeyance of this Barony, to which she was a coh., being at that date 
terminated in her favour and confirmed to her with such pre-eminence as 
Hugh le Despenser, Justiciar of England, sum. to Pari. 24 Dec. (1264) 
49 Hen. Ill, had enjoyed; such confirmation being made at the same time 
as that on which the Barony of Abergavenny, which she claimed as heir 
general, was confirmed to the heir male. See fuller particulars under Aber- 
gavenny. This lady was da. and sole h. of Henry (Neville), Lord Aber- 
gavenny, by Frances, da. of Thomas (Manners), Earl of Rltland, and 
was b. 25 Mar. 1554. She m., as 2nd wife, 12 Dec. 1574, at Birling, Kent, 
Sir Thomas Fane, of Badsell in that co., s. and h. of George F. of the same, 
by Joan, da. of William Waller. He, who had been involved inWyatt's 
rebellion, was knighted 20 Aug. 1573 at Dover, d. 13 Mar. 1588/9, and 
was bur. at Tudeley (his body being removed to Mereworth), Kent. M.l. 
Will dat. 12 Mar. 1588/9, pr. 10 Feb. 1590/1. Inq. p. m. 15 Apr. 1589. 
She inherited Mereworth and other estates at the death of her father, 
10 Mar. 1586/7, shortly after which she began her claim to the Barony of 
Abergavenny, and was rewarded (in lieu thereof) with the Barony of le 
Despenser, to which (as well as to the Barony of Burghersh) she was coh., 
being da. and h. of Henry, s. and h. of George, s. and h. of George, Lords 
Abergavenny, which last George was s. and h. of Edward (Neville), Lord 
Abergavenny, as mentioned above. (") She d. 28, and was bur. 29 June 
1626, at Mereworth, aged 72. Will dat. 18 May 1625, pr. 11 May 1629. 

Vn. 1626. 4. Francis (Fane), Earl of Westmorland and 

Baron Burghersh, s. and h., sue. on the death of his 
mother as Lord le Despenser, having previously, 29 Dec. 1624, been 
cr. BARON BURGHERSH and EARL OF WESTMORLAND-^) 
He d. 23 Mar. 1628/9, aged 45. For fuller particulars see Westmor- 
land, Earldom of, cr. 1624. 

husband, Richard, Earl of Worcester; but, had it not been for the operation of the 
attainder of Thomas, 5th Baron Despenser, it would, according to modern doctrine, 
have devolved, on Isabel's death in 1440, upon her s. and h., Henry, Duke of 
Warwick. When the attainder was reversed, Anne, wife of Richard, Earl of Salis- 
bury, was the other coh. [i.e. Lord Abergavenny, from whom Lady Fane derived, 
was one, while the said Anne was the other coh.], and in all the circumstances it must 
probably be considered that the Barony of Despenser was forfeited in 1400; that it 
was revived and fell into abeyance in 1461; and that that abeyance was terminated 
in favour of the eldest coh., Mary, Lady Fane, in 1603" \_recte 1604]. {Court hope). 
See, as to this case, Appendix H in this volume. 

(*) See tabular pedigree in vol. i, p. 41, suh Abergavenny. 

C') He was, after his mother's death, coh. (in her right) to the Barony of Burghersh 
{cr. by writ of 1330), and was, through his said mother, the representative of Edward 
(Neville), Lord Abergavenny, one of the numerous younger sons of Ralph (Neville), 
1st Earl of Westmorland. These dignities were, of course, conferred in 1624 with 
the usual limitation to heirs ma/e of his body. 



284 DESPENSER 

VIII. 1629. 5. MiLDMAY (Fane), Earl of Westmorland, 

Lord le Despenser, (sfc, s. and h.; i>. 1602; J. 
12 Feb. 1665/6. 

IX. 1666. 6. Charles (Fane), Earl of Westmorland, 

Lord le Despenser, ^^c, s. and h.; />. 1634; ^/.j./., 
Sep. 1 69 1. 

X. 1691. 7. Vere (Fane), Earl of Westmorland, Lord 

LE Despenser, (sfc, br. and h.; cJ. 29 Dec. 1693. 

XI. 1693. 8. Vere(Fane), Earl of Westmorland, Lord 

LE Despenser, ^c, s. and h. ; i>. Apr. 1 678 ; </. unm., 
19 May 1699. 

XII. 1699. 9. Thomas (Fane), Earl of Westmorland, 

Lord le Despenser, fj'c., br. and h.; d'. s.p., 4 June 
1736. 

XIII. 1736 10. John (Fane), Earl of Westmorland, 

to Lord le Despenser and Baron Burghersh, also 

1 762. Baron Fane of Catherlough [I.], br. and h. ; l>ap. 

24 Mar. 1685/6. He J. s.p., 26 Aug. 1762, when 

the Irish Barony became extinct, the Earldom of Westmorland and 

Barony of Burghersh devolved on his cousin and h. ma/e, while the 

Barony of le Despenser again fell into abeyance.(^) 



■^ 



XIV. 1763 II. Francis Dashwood, s. and h. of Sir Francis D., 

to I St Bart., by his 2nd wife, Mary, ist surv. da. of Vere 

1 78 1. (Fane), 4th Earl of Westmorland, Lord le Despenser, 

is'c, abovenamed, was b. in Great Marlborough Str., 

London, Dec. 1708, and bap. at St. Anne's, Soho; ed. at Eton; sue. 

his father 4 Nov. 1724; was M.P. (Tory) for Romney 174 1-6 1, for 

Weymouth 1761-63; P.C. 20 Mar. 1761; Treasurer of the Chamber 

i76i-62;('') Chancellor of the Exchequer (under the Bute ministry) May 

1762 to Apr. i763.('=) He was sum. to the House of Lords, 19 Apr. 1763, 

as LORD LE DESPENSER, the abeyance of that Barony being thus 

(") The two coheirs were (i) Sir Francis Dashwood, Bart, (who in 1763 became 
Lord le Despenser), s. and h. of Sir Francis D., Bart., by Mary, eldest surv. da. of 
Vere, 4th Earl of Westmorland abovenamed, and (2) Sir Thomas Stapleton, Bart, 
(father of Thomas who, in 1788, became Lord le Despenser), s. and h. of Sir Wil- 
liam Stapleton, Bart., by Catherine, da. of William Paul, of Braywick, Berks, by 
Catherine, 2nd surv. da. of the said 4th Earl of Westmorland. 

(0) This office was abolished in 1782. V.G. 

(<=) Wilkes says this post was given him '■'■for his skill in casting up tavern hills." 
See Wraxall, vol. ii, p. 1 8 (i 884), where it is said that he " far exceeded in licentious- 
ness of conduct any model exhibited since Charles II." He was founder, at Medmen- 
ham Abbey, near Marlow, of " The Knights of St. Francis of Wycombe," better 



DESPENSER 285 

terminated in his favour. Lord Lieut, of Bucks May 1763 till his death; 
Keeper of the Wardrobe 1763-65; Joint Postmaster Gen. 1766 till his death; 
F.R.S. 19 June 1746; cr. D.C.L. of Oxford 13 Apr. 1749; F.S.A. i June 
1769. Hew., 19 Dec. 1745, at St. Geo., Han. Sq., Sarah, (") widow of Sir 
Richard Eli.is, 3rd Bart. [1660] of Wyham, co. Lincoln (who d. s.p., 14 Jan. 
1 74 1/2), da. and coh. of George Gould, of Iver, Bucks. She d. 19 Jan. 
1769, at West Wycombe. ('') M.l. He d. there, s.p. legit. ,{^) after a long 
illness, 11 Dec. 178 i, aged 73, when the Barony fell again into abeyance till 
terminated by the death, j.;)., of his sister Rachel ('') in 1788, as under. M.I. 
at West W^ycombe.(') W^ill pr. Jan. 1782. 



known as the Medmenham Club, which has been confused by many writers with 
"the Hell Fire Club." Over the door was inscribed "/"a/'f ce que tu voudras." An 
account of the club is to be found in a book called Chrysal written (not by Smollett 
but) by Charles Johnston. He appears in 1774, "Lord le D . . . and Miss B . . . y," 
in the notorious tete-a-tcte portraits in Town and Country Mag., vol. vi, p. 9, for an 
account of which see Appendix B in the last volume of this work. "The most careless 
and perhaps the most facetious Libertine of his age. He was never known to have 
corrected one error or to have been reclaimed from one vice he had determined to 
indulge," is the account given of him in The Abbey of KUkhampton, 1780, pp. 56-57, 
by Sir Herbert Croft. A rare little book, Alodern Characters by Shakespear (1778), 
assigns to him FalstafF's speech beginning "Come sing me a bawdy song to make me 
merry." Of his appointment as Chancellor, Lecky says, "Of financial knowledge 
he did not possess the rudiments, and his budget speech w.as so confused and incapable 
that it was received with shouts of laughter." He deserves honourable mention for 
his strenuous opposition to the execution of Admiral Byng. His portrait, by George 
Knapton, belongs to the Dilettanti Society, of which he was an original member, 
and possibly founder. Horace Walpole described the society as a " club for which 
the nominal qualification is having been to Italy, and the real one, being drunk." 
G.E.C. and V.G. 

(*) Horace Walpole speaks of her as "a poor forlorn Presbyterian prude." V.G. 

C") He pulled down the house at West Wycombe in 1750, and rebuilt it in the 
Ionic style. V.G. 

{^) His illegit. da., Rachel Fanny Antonina, b. about 1774, m. about 1794, 
Matthew Allen Lee, from whom she separated the following year. She called herself 
Baroness le Despenser, and became notorious from her alleged abduction by two brothers, 
Lockhart and Loudoun Gordon, for which offence they were tried and acquitted. 
She d. about June 1829. A long account of her discreditable adventures appears in 
Ds Quincty's Jutobiographical Sketches, 'iict aXso Annual Register ior 1804. V.G. 

C^) This Rachel, widow of Sir Robert Austen, 4th Bart. [1660], of Bex- 
ley, Kent (whom she m. in Nov. 1738, and who d. s.p. 1743), assumed, on her 
brother's death in 1 78 1, the title of Baroness le Despenser, under the erroneous 
impression that the termination of the abeyance in favour of her brother was tanta- 
mount to its having been in favour of her mother, the senior coh. to that dignity. 
She d. s.p., 16 May 1788, aged 82, in North Audley Str., and was bur. at West 
Wycombe, when the abeyance terminated as in the text. Her will as "Baroness 
le Despenser" pr. 1788. 

(') In 1760 he restored and enlarged this church, which stands at the top of a 
hill, but did not build it, as Wilkes spitefully and untruthfully says, for the benefit of 
the parishioners who lived at the bottom. V.G. 



286 DESPENSER 

XV. 1788. 12. Thomas (Stapleton), Lord le Despenser, on 

the death s.p., of his cousin,(*) the only sister of the last 
Baron, 16 May 1788, became entitled to that dignity as heir gen. of the ist 
Lord, he being s. and h. of Sir Thomas Stapleton, 5th Bart. [1679], by 
Mary, da. of Henry Fane, of Wormsley, Oxon, which Sir Thomas was s. 
and h. of Sir William Stapleton, 4th Bart., by Catherine, da. and h. of 
William Paul, of Braywiclc, Berks, by Catherine, his wife, 2nd surv. da. of 
(whose issue in 1788 became sole h. to) Vere (Fane), 4th Earl of West- 
morland, loth Lord le Despenser abovenamed. He was b. 10 Nov. 1766; 
sue. his father as 5th Bart, i Jan. 1781. He was a Tory. He tn., 29 July 
1 79 1, at St. Marylebone, Elizabeth, 2nd da. of Samuel Eliot, of Antigua, 
by Alice, da. of Col. William Byam, of Byams, in Antigua. He d. 3 Oct. 
1 83 1, in London, aged 64, and was sue. in the Baronetcy by his yst. and 
only surv. s. and h. male, but in the Barony as under. Will pr. Mar. 1832. 
His widow d. 3 July 1848, aged 90, at Bath. Will pr. July 1848. 

[Thomas Stapleton, ist s. and h. ap., b. 24 Apr. 1792; ed. at Eton. 
He m., 2 Feb. 1 8 1 6, Maria Wynne, 2nd da. of Henry Bankes, of Kingston 
Hall, Dorset, by Frances, da. of William Woodley. She d. 15 Oct. 1823. 
He, who was or Grey's Court, Henley-on-Thames, and Mereworth Castle, 
Kent, d. v. p., i June 1829, aged 36.] 

XVL 1831. 13. Mary Francis Elizabeth, jKo_/Kr^ Baroness le 

Despenser, granddaughter and h., being only surv. da. 
and h. of the Hon. Thomas Stapleton, by Maria his wife, both above- 
mentioned. She was b. 24 Mar. 1822, and bap. at Rotherfield-Greys, 
Oxon. She w., 29 July 1845, at Mereworth, Kent, Evelyn Boscawen, 
who, on 29 May 1852, sue. as 6th Viscount Falmouth. He d. at Mere- 
worth Castle, 6 Nov. 1889, aged 70. She d. 20 Nov. 1 891, in St. James's 
Sq., Midx., aged 69. 

XVIL 1891. 14. Evelyn Edward Thomas (Boscawen), Viscount 

Falmouth [1720], Lord le Despenser [i264]('') and 
Baron Boscawen [1720], s. and h., b. 24 July 1847; sue. his father, 6 Nov. 
1889, in the Viscountcy of Falmouth, and sue. his mother, 20 Nov. 1891, 
in the ancient Barony of le Despenser. See Falmouth, Viscountcy, cr. 
1720, under the 7th Viscount. 

Family Estates. — Those of the Baroness, in 1883, appear to have been 
4,258 acres in Kent, worth some ;^6,ooo a year. Principal Residenee. — 
Mereworth Castle, near Maidstone, Kent. 



(*) See note " d " on preceding page. 

(•>) As to the writ on which this precedence is based, see Preface to vol. i. See 
also Appendix H in this volume. V.G. 



DESPENSER 287 

DESPENSERO 



Sir Adam le Despenser,('') of King's Stanley and Leckhamptnn, 
CO. Gloucester, Rollright and Ewelme, Oxon, Oldberrow, co. Worcester, 
Barrow-on-Humber, co. Lincoln, and Burgham, Surrey, s. and h. of Sir 
Thurstan le Despenser, of Stanley, Leckhampton, lyc. (who d. shortly 
before 3 Sep. I249),('=) by Lucy, his wife.('*) He was a minor at his 
father's death. He took the part of the Barons against the King, and 
was made prisoner by Roger de Mortimer at the capture of Northamp- 
ton, 5 or 6 Apr. I264.('') His lands were given to Roger de Leyburne, 
26 Oct. I265.(*') He was pardoned, 29 June I267,('') and redeemed 
his lands forj^500.(^) He was in the Army of Wales with Edmund, 
Earl of Cornwall, in June 1277.0 ^^ ^^^^ sum. for Military Service 
from 18 July (1257) 41 Hen. Ill to 14 Mar. (1282/3) i i Edw. 1, to a 



(») This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(•") This family of Despenser took their name from the office of Dispensator 
Regis. In an Assize Roll of date 122 I (no. 2J1, m. 14) it is stated that " Thurstanus 
Despenser tenet centum solidatas tcrrc per serjantiam quod sit dispensntor domini 
Regis." His seal, depicted in Co!/. Top. ft Gen., vol. iv, p. 239, bears on a shield, 
Ermine, a chief [there is no authority for the tincture]: with the legend, sigill' 

TWRSTANI DISPENSATORIS REGIS. 

(■=) Patent Roll, 33 Hen. Ill, m. 3. Thurstan had a confirmation of King's 
Worthy, Hants, and King's Stanley, co. Gloucester, 3 Feb. 1228/9 {Charter Roll, 
13 Hen. Ill, p. I, m. 13), and was s. and h. of Aymer, Dispensator Regis, by his 2nd 
wife, Alda Bloet (Charter in Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. iv, p. 240). Aymer had m., 
istly, before Tuesday before St. Margaret 32 Hen. II [15 July 1 186], Amabel (who 
had Dallington, Northants, in free marriage), da. and coh. of Walter de Chesney, by 
Eve, da. and h. of Eustace de Broc. By Amabel (called Maud in the Note Book) he 
had a da. and h., Julian, who m., istly, William Bardolf, 2ndly, Piers de Stokes (who 
d. s.p.), and, 3rdly, Geoffrey de Lucy, to whom she brought the manor of Dallington. 
(Harl. MSS., no. 1885, f. 22: Cartulary of Eynsham,\-o\. i, nos. 81-83: Curia Regis, 
roll no. 16, m. 3: Pipe Roll, 8 Ric. I, Norhamt': Bracton, Note Book, no. 1336: Fine 
Roll, 9 Job., m. 9). Aymer had a confirmation of Worthy and Stanley, 24 Apr. 
1204 [Charter Roll, 5 Joh., m. 7), and was br. and h. of VValter, Dispensator Regis 
(s. and h. of Thurstan), to whom Henry II granted the lands of Worthy and Stanley 
for his homage and service, rendering therefor a pair of gilt spurs or 12a'. a year, to 
hold by the service of ^ a knight's fee. [Cart. Antiq., no. 28). It is highly probable 
that the last-named Thurstan was s. or grandson of Hugh, Dispensator Regis in 1 105, 
which Hugh had a wife named Hawisc, and was s. of Thurstan, or Turstm, Dis- 
pensator to William II. [Chron. of Abingdon, vol. ii, pp. 37, 125-127, 159). 

C^) On 18 Sep. 1249 she was given the manor of Ewelme to hold till her dower 
was assigned. [Close Roll, 33 Hen. Ill, m. 3). Adam mentions his mother Lucy 
and his wife Lucy in a charter to Thornton Abbey. [Inspeximus on Charter Roll, 
29 Edw. I, m. 7). 

(«) Patent Rolls, 48 Hen. Ill, p. l, m. 13 d; 49 Hen. Ill, m. 16; 51 Hen. Ill, 
m. 14 d; 52 Hen. Ill, m. 28; 5 Edw. I, m. 10: Charter Roll, 49 Hen. Ill, m. 2. 



288 DESPENSER 



Military Council, 14 June (1287) 15 Edw. I, and to attend the King at 
Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, by writs directed Ade le 
Despenser.{^) He m., istly, Lucy. He m., 2ndly, Joan. He d. 
shortly before 18 June i295.('') His widow's dower was ordered to be 
assigned, 28 Aug. 1295 and 27 Nov. I297.("=) She m., 2ndly, Sir John 
LovEL, of Snoscombe, Northants, and d. before 25 June iZ°9^)- ^^ 
was living 5 IVIar. 1315/6.0 



I. 1387. 



DESPENSERQ 
BARONY BY i. Sir Philip le Despenser,(6) of Goxhill, Gedney, 
WRIT. and Roxholme, co. Lincoln, Camoys Manor in Toppes- 

field, Essex, Colden in Holderness, ^c.,(^) s. and h. of 
Sir Philip le Despenser, of Camoys Manor afsd. (who 
was b. in co. Lincoln, 6 Apr. 1313,0 and d. 22 or 23 Aug. 

(») As to the writ of 1283 see preface. 

(*>) "Adam le Despenser." Writs of diem cl. ext. 18 and 19 June 23 Edw. I. 
Inq., CO. Gloucester (3), Monday and Tuesday after SS. Peter and Paul [4, 5 July], 
and 1 2 July 1295. He held the manor of Leckhampton, partly of the King in chief, 
by the serjeanty of being the King's dhpemator on Christmas, Easter day, and Whit- 
sunday, partly of the Abbot of Fecamp, and partly of the Berkeleys, Lords of Cub- 
berley: and the manor of King's Stanley, \ fee, of the King in chief. "Almaricus 
filius predicti Ade est ejus heres propinquior et est etatis xxx* annorum et amplius 
\or quadraginta annorum]." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 70, no. 28: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 3, no. 16). He had sold Ewelme, Burgham, and Rollright, 
and his son Aymer sold King's Stanley, and also Oldberrow, co. Worcester. 
{Inq. a. q. d., file 22, no. 27; file 62, no. 19; file 76, no. 3; file 83, no. 22; file 92, 
no. 21: Patent Rolls, 34 Edw. I, ra. 19; 2 Edw. II, p. 2, m. $; 4 Edw. II, p. 2, 
m. 17; 8 Edw. 11,/.. 2, m. 20: Close Roll, 15 Edw. I, m. 5). 

{f) She had been given her quarantine on 21 July 1295. Her dower on the 
manor of Rollright was assigned, Tuesday after the Conversion of St. Paul [28 Jan.] 
1297/8. {Close Rolls, 23 Edw. I, mm. 8, 6; 26 Edw. \, m. IJ; 34 Edw. I, m. 17: 
Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, file 124, no. 3). 

C) John Luvel of Snoscombe to retain for life the manor and advowson of 
Leckhampton, which had been acquired by him from Aymer le Despenser, at a time 
when the said John and Joan his wife nuper defuncta held the premises in right of 
Joan of the inheritance of Aymer. Writ 25 June 2 Edw. II, Inq. a. q. d. 9 July 
1309 (file 74, no. 24). 

(') Feudal Aids, vol. ii, p. 273. 

(0 This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(«) This family of Despenser assumed the arms of Gousille, v/z., Barry of six Or 
and Azure, a canton Ermine. 

i^) He held the following manors: Gedney, ^^ fee, and lands in Holderness, 
as of the honour of Aumale; Goxhill, 1 fee, and Roxholme, \ fee, as of the barony of 
Bayeux; Toppesfield, 2^ fees, as of the honour of Gloucester; Great Limber, co. 
Lincoln, of the King, in socage; and East Halton, Pointon, i^c, co. Lincoln, or 
other lords than the King. He appears to have held nothing of the King in chief as 
of the Crown by military service. 

(') Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Philip le Despenser), Edw. II, file 34, no. 5. 



DESPENSER 289 

1349)50 by Joan, da. (most probably) of Sir John de Cobham, of 
Cobham, Kent [Lord Cobham]. C") He was b. and hap. i8 Oct. 1342, at 
Gedney.(°) The King took his fealty, and he had livery of his father's lands, 
I Dec. 1363, his homage being respited. ('^) He accompanied the Duke of 
Lancaster in his expedition to Brittany in I378.('') He was sum. to Pari, 
from 17 Dec. (1387) 1 1 Ric. II to 3 Oct. (1400) 2 Hen. IV, by writs directed 
Philippo le Despenser, whereby he is held to have become LORD LE 
DESPENSER, but none of his descendants were ever sum. to Pari, in 

(») " Philippus le Despenser." Writs of diem cl. ext. 18 Sep. and writ of amotus 
(co. York) 3 Nov. 23 Edw. in England and 10 in France. Inq., co. Lincoln, 
Holderness, cos. Essex, York, 4 Oct., Thursday 8 Oct., Friday before All Saints 
[30 Oct.] 1349, and Tuesday before St. Hilary [12 Jan.] 1349/50. "Item dicunt 
quod idem Philippus obiit xxij° [xxiij° — co. rori] die Augusti ultimo preterito et quod 
Philippus filius predicti Philippi est heres ipsius Philippi propinquior et est etatis septem 
annorum etamplius [erit etatis septem annorumad festum sancte Lucie virginis proximo 
futurum — Holderness'].'" (Ch. Inq. p. ot., Edw. Ill, file 96, no. 22). The subject of 
these inquisitions was s. and h. of Philip le Despenser (who d. 24 Sep. 13 13 — Escheators" 
Accounts., K.R., 3, no. 15), by Margaret {b. 12 May 1294 at Whittington, Salop, and 
hap. there; (^. 29 July I 349), da. and h. of Ralph de Gousille, from whom this family 
inherited Goxhill and the other manors mentioned above. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. I, 
file 69, no. 12; Edw. II, file 6, no. 12, file 34, no. 5; Edw. Ill, file 96, no. 21). See 
also Gousille, and Ros of Watton. The last-named Philip was yr. s. of Hugh le 
Despenser the elder {Close Rolls, 6 Edw. II, m. 21; 20 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 25 d; 
21 Edw. Ill, p. I, m. 6), not, as usually stated, of Hugh the younger. His father gave 
him the manors of Partington, co. York, and Alkborough, co. Lincoln, and the goods 
and chattels therein, by letters patent dated the day of St. John the Baptist 22 Edw. I 
[24 June 1294]. {Ancient Deeds, A, no. 3185). 

(*") In the genealogies of this family it is stated, on the authority of Vincent 
(10, p. 312, in the College of Arms), that this Joan was "Joan Strange," and that 
her son, Philip, m. " Margaret Cobham." But the said Philip's wife was named 
Elizabeth, and it appears from the Close Rolls (13 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 37 d; cf. 
21 Edw. Ill, />. i,m. I 2d) that Philip le Despenser (who ?;i. Joan), and John de Cobe- 
ham, son of Henry, were arranging a marriage in June 1339. The Philip who d. in 
1 40 1 left a frontal charged with his own arms and those of the Lord of Cobham to 
Goxhill Church. Joan was about to take the vow of chastity, 20 Jan. 1349/50 
{York Reg., Zouche, f. 43V), and d. shortly before 1 5 May 1357 {Fine Roll, 3 1 Edw. Ill, 
m. 14; Patent Roll, p. 2, m. 23). 

(■=) Writ de etate probanda 30 Oct. 37 Edw. III. " Probacio etatis Philippi filii 
et heredis Philippi le Despenser defuncti," Spalding, Thursday after St. Martin 
[16 Nov.] 1363. "... predictus Philippus filius Philippi fuit etatis viginti et 
unius annorum et amplius die Jovis [/. Mercurii] in festo sancti Luce Ewangeliste 
anno regni regis E. nunc xxxvij° eo quod idem Philippus filius Philippi natus fuitapud 
Gedeneye in die sancti Luce Ewangeliste anno regni regis E. nunc xvj° et in ecclesia 
ejusdem ville baptizatus hora vesperarum." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 1 80, no. 93). 

C^) Close Roll, 37 Edw. Ill, m. \\. A writ de non molestando to the Chancellor, 
the Bishop of Ely, dated 14 Apr. (1364) 38 Edw. Ill, states that the King took the 
homage of Philip, s. and h. of Philip le Despenser deceased, on that day. (Ch. Privy 
Seals, I, file 398, no. 26293). There is a similar writ, of the same date, to the 
escheator in co. Lincoln. {Close Roll, 38 Edw. Ill, m. 24). 

(«) French Roll, i Ric. II, p. 2, m. 4. 

37 



290 DESPENSER 

respect of this Barony. He was one of the Lords who swore on the altar 
of the shrine of St. Edward at Westm., 30 Sep. 1397, to maintain all the 
statutes, ^c, made in the preceding session of Parl.(*) He m. Elizabeth. 
She d". before him, and was i>ur. in the Abbey of Newhouse, co. Lincoln. 
He d. 4 Aug. 1 40 1, at Goxhill,('') aged 58. Will dat. at Goxhill, i Aug. 
1 40 1, no probate.(') 

2. Sir Philip le Despenser, of Goxhill, Camoys Manor, &'c., s. and 
h., aged 36 and more at his father's death. He was knighted before 
12 May 1385. ('') He had livery of his father's lands, 14 Sep. 1401, his 
homage being respited, and his fealty being ordered to be taken by the 
Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds. ('=) He m. Elizabeth, 3rd da. and coh. of 
Sir Robert de Tibetot, of Nettlestead, Suffolk, Langar, Notts, {sfc. 
[Lord Tibetot], by Margaret, da. of Sir William Deincourt (s. and h. 
ap. of Sir William Deincourt, of Blankney, co. Lincoln [Lord 
Deincourt]). The King took his fealty for his wife's purparty of her 
father's lands, 23 Nov. 1385.0 She, who was ^. in 1371, in co. Notts, 
^. before him, and was hr. in the Church of the Grey Friars at Ipswich. (*) 
He d. s.p.m., 20 June i^i^.Q') 

{») Pari. Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 355, 356. He had absented himself from the first 
Pari, to which he was summoned, in nostri contemptum manifestum. [Close Roll, 
II Ric. II, m. 13d). 

C") "Philippus le Despenser chivaler." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 8 Aug. 2 Hen. IV. 
Inq., COS. Lincoln, York, Essex, Saturday after St. Bartholomew [27 Aug.], Saturday 
after the Decollation of St. John the Baptist, and Saturday after the Nativity of the 
Virgin [3, 10 Sep.] 1401. "Etdicunt quod dictus Philippus le Despenser obiit [apud 
Gouxhiir in comitatu predicto — co. Lincoln] quarto die August! ultimo preterito Et 
dicunt quod Philippus le Despenser junior est filius et heres propinquior predicti 
Philippi le Despenser defuncti et est etatis triginta sex annorum et amplius." (Ch. 
Ing. p. m., Hen. IV, file 23, no. 44: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 75, no. 8, and Enrolments, 
no. 366). 

(■=) Lincoln Reg., vol. xiii, f. 38. " Philippus le Despenser . . . corpus meum ad 
sepelliendum in ecclesia sancti Marciali de Newhous' inter dominam materteram 
meam ex una parte et Elizabet' uxorem meam ex altera." 

(d) Patent Roll, 8 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 12. 
(«) Fine Roll, 2 Hen. IV, m. 8. 

On which day the escheators were ordered to divide the lands late of Robert 
de Tybetot chr. deceased into three equal parts, and to give to his three daughters and 
coheirs and their husbands livery of their purparties. Elizabeth's age had lately been 
proved before the escheator in co. Notts. {Close Roll, 9 Ric. II, m. 29). Her 
purparty included the manors of Nettlestead and Barrow, Suffolk, Chatham, Kingston, 
and Sibton, Kent, Lindsell and Little Stambridge, Essex, and Marston, co. Lincoln. 

(e) Weever, Fun. Mon. (edit. 1767), p. 487. 

C") " Philippus le Despenser miles." Writs of diem cl. ext. 26 June 2 Hen. VI. 
Inq., cos. Essex, York, Lincoln, city of London, cos. Suffolk, Kent, Thursday after 
St. Peter ad vinculo [3 Aug.], 10, 12 Aug., i Oct., Wednesday after St. Michael, 
and Monday before SS. Simon and Jude [4, 23 Oct.] 1424. "Et dicunt ulterius 
quod predictus Philippus obiit vicesimo die Junii ultimo preterito . . . Et quod predicta 



DESPENSER 291 

3. Margery la Despensere, da. and h., aged 24 and more, or 26 
and more, at her father's death. She m., istly (papal mandate for disp., 
5 Sep. I404),('') John (de Roos), Lord Roos, who was b. i ov 2 Oct. 1396, C") 
d.s.p., 22 Mar. 1 420/ !,('=) aged 24, being slain at the battle of Bauge in Anjou, 
and was bur. in Belvoir Priory. She had livery of her dower, which 
had been assigned to her by the King, 22 Nov. i42i.('') She ?«., 2ndly 
(pardon for marrying without the King's lie, 25 June 1423, for a fine of 
2,i,ooo),(°) secretly, and afterwards at Hemingborough, co. York, 
Roger WentworthEjO a yr. s. of John Wentworthe, of North 
Elmsall in that co. They had livery of her father's lands together 
with the lands which her father had held by the courtesy of England 
after the death of Elizabeth his wife, 29 Oct. 1424, Roger's homage 
being respited, and his fealty being ordered to be taken by the 
escheator in co. York.(8) He d. 24 Oct. 1445 {sic, should be 1452 or 
later].(^) Will dat. at Nettlestead, 5 June 1452, no probate.(') She d. 



Margeria uxor diet! Rogeri Wentworth' est filia et heres propinquior predict! Philippi 
le Despenser chivaler et est etatis xxvj [xxiiij — city of London] annorum et amplius." 
(Ch. Inq. p.m., Hen. VI, file li, no. 31: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 131, no. 2). 
According to Weever, ibid., Philip le Despenser had three other children, Philip, 
George, and Elizabeth (these must have died v.p. and !./>.), who were all bur. at the 
Grey Friars', Ipswich. 

(*) Papal mandate to the Bishop of Lincoln, dated non. Sep. 15 Boniface IX 
[5 Sep. 1404], to issue a dispensation that John, s. of William de Roos, Lord of 
Helmsley kt., and Margery, da. of Philip le Despenser kt., might intermarry, although 
related in the 4th-4th degrees of consanguinity. (Papal Letters, vol. v, p. 609). 

(•>) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Beatrice, late the wife of Thomas de Roos of Helmsley 
chr.), Hen. V, file 14, no. 44. See Ros of Helmsley. 

(') Ch. Inq. p. m. (on John, Lord of Roos), Hen. V, file 60, no. 58. See Ros of 
Helmsley. 

(■*) This included the castles and manors of Helmsley, co. York, and Chilham, 
Kent. {Close Roll, 9 Hen. V, m. 4). 

{^) Patent Roll, I Hen. VI, p. 5, m. 6. 

(') They had contracted a lawful marriage per verba de presenti, but clandestinely, 
on account of their disparity of birth: and after consummation the said marriage had 
been solemnized in the parish church of Hemingborough, but without banns, fS'c. 
Papal grant that this marriage should be valid in all respects, dated 3 non. Maii 
6 Eugenius IV [5 May 1436]. [Papal Letters, vol. viii, p. 601). 

if) Fine Roll, 3 Hen. VI, m. 7. Roger owed homage "racione prolis inter 
ipsum Rogerum et prefatam uxorem suam suscitate." 

C") "Rogerus Wentworth'." Writ of diem d. ext. 16 Oct. 4 Edw. IV. Inq., 
Suffolk, Thursday after All Saints [8 Nov.] 1464. " Et eciam dicunt juratores 
predicti quod predictus Rogerus obiit vicesimo quarto die Octobris anno regni Regis 
Henrici sexti nuper de facto et non de jure Regis Anglie vicesimo quarto et quis 
est ejus heres propinquior juratores dicunt quod ipsi penitus ignorant." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Edw. IV, file 15, no. 63). 

(^) Norwich Reg., Betyns, f. 96 (Harl. MSS., no. 10, f. 303). "Rogerus 
Wentworth' armiger . . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in ecclesia fratrum minorum 
Gippewic'." In this will his son, Philip, is called miles: Philip was not yet knighted 
in May 1450. 



292 DESPENSER 

20 Apr. 1478. (») Will dat. 30 Aug. 1477, pr. at Lambeth, 28 May 

4. Sir Henry Wentworthe, of Nettlestead, &'c., grandson and h., 
being s. and h. of Sir Philip Wentworthe, by Mary, da. of John (de 
Clifford), Lord Clifford, which Philip was s. and h. ap. of Margery, 
Lady Roos, above named, but d'. v.m., 18 May 1464, being beheaded at 
Middleham, co. York, after the battle of Hexham, where he had been taken 
prisoner by the Yorkists.(') On his petition, he was restored in blood in 
Pari. (1464) 4 Edw. IV.C) Was knighted by the King, 1 8 Jan. 1477/8. He 
was aged 30 and more at the death of his said grandmother in 1478, and 
had livery of her lands, 9 Oct. 1478, his homage being respited, and his 
fealty ordered to be taken by the escheator in co. Suffolk.(°) Sheriff of 
Norfolk and Suffolk, 1481-82. Sheriff of co. York, 1489-90 and May to 
Nov. 1492. He m., istly, Anne, ist da. of Sir John SaYjO of Sawbridgeworth, 
Little Berkhampstead, and Broxbourne, Herts, 6f c, by his i st wife, Elizabeth, 
da. of Laurence Cheyne, of Ditton, co. Cambridge. He m., 2ndly (lie. 
from the Archbishop of York, 22 Oct. 1494, to marry in the chapel within 



(') " Margeria nuper domina Roos nuper uxor Rogeri Wentworth' defuncti." 
Writs of diem cl. ext. 24 Apr. 18 Edw. IV. Inq., cos. Lincoln, Essex, Suffolk, Kent, 
York, and city of London, Monday 15 June, 16, 22 June, 10, 31 July, and 3 Sep. 
1478. "Et quod predicta Margeria obiit vicesimo die mensis Aprilis ultimo preterito 
Et . . . quod Henricus Wentworth' miles est consanguineus et heres ejus propinquior 
videlicet filius Philippi Wentworth' militis filii ejusdem Margerie Et est etatis 
triginta annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. ot., Edw. IV, file 66, no. 35: Exch. Inq. 
p. m., I, file 236, no. 4). 

{^) P.C.C., 33 Wattys, f. 258 r and v. "Margeria domina de Roos . . . cor- 
pusque meum sepeliendum in capella sancta beatorum Margarete et Bernardi Cantebr' 
in choro ex parte boriali sub fenestra mea sanctorum predictorum. . . . Ac eciam pre- 
dictus heres meus [Henricus Wentworth'] causabit ex sumptibus suis propriis corpus 
patris mei [/. sui] domini Philippi Wentworth' militis transferri ad ecclesiam de 
Newsom' in comitatu Lincoln' et unum lapidem marmoreum poni super corpus ejus 
et eciam causabit unum lapidem marmoreum poni super corpus matris sue in ecclesia 
ordinis sancti Francisci Gibwic'." 

{'^) Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles, pp. 79, 179. Philip was Knight of the Shire 
for Suffolk, 1446/7, 1448/9, 1452/3, and 1459; Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 
1447-48 and 1459-60. Usher of the King's Chamber, 1446/7; King's Sergeant and 
Esquire of the Body, 1449; ^^^ appointed Constable of Llanstephan Castle, 28 May 
1450, also Chief Steward of the honour of Clare, and Constable of Clare Castle, 
20 Dec. 1459; King's Carver, 1459-60 [Patent Rolls, 25 Hen. VI, />. 2, m. 37; 
27 Hen. VI, p. 3, m. 3; 28 Hen. VI, />. 2, m. 19; 38 Hen. VI, />. i, m. 14,/-. 2,m. 9). 
A prejudiced writer [Paston Letters, no. 243) says that Philip bore the King's standard 
at the first battle of St. Alban's, but "kest hit down and fled. Myn Lord NorfFolk 
seyth he shal be hanged therfore, and so is he worthy." 

{^) Pari. Rolls, vol. v, p. 548. His father had been attainted of high treason in 
(146 1) I Edw. IV. [Idem, p. 480). 

(«) Fine Roll, 18 Edw. IV, m. 2. 

(') Patent Roll, I Ric. Ill, />. 2, m. 15. 



DESPENSER 293 

the manor-house at Deighton, co. York),(^) EHzabeth, sister and coh. of 
George, sometime Duke of Bedford, and 2nd da. of John (Nevile), 
Marquess IVIountague, by Isabel, da. and h. of Sir Edmund Ingaldes- 
THORPE, of East Rainham, Norfolk, Somerton, Suffolk, i^c. She had ;«., 
istly, Thomas (Scrope), Lord Scrope of Masham and Upsall, who d. 
23 Apr. I493,('') and was bur. in the Church of the Black Friars by Lud- 
gate: and whose will was dat. at London, 20 Sep. (1492) 8 Hen. VII, 
commission for admon. dat. 6 May 1495. {X°^^ ^^S-> Rotherham, f. 84V). 
Sir Henry Wentworthe was bur. in Newhouse Abbey. Will dat. 1 7 Aug. 
1499 14 Hen. VII, pr. 27 Feb. 1 500/1. (') His widow d. s.p.s., in Sep. 
I5I7>C) and was bur. at the Black Friars' afsd. Will dat. 7 Mar. 
(1513/4) 5 Hen. VIII, confirmed 3 Oct. (1516) 8 Hen. VIII, codicil 
13 July (15 1 7) 9 Hen. VIII, pr. at Lambeth, 9 Dec. 1521.C) 



(») Tori Reg., Rotherham, f. 82 v. 

('') Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Thomas Scrope of Upsall kt.), II, vol. 9, nos. 55, 71, 78; 
vol. 10, no. 82. See Scrope of Masham and Upsall. 

(') P.C.C., 20 Moone. "Syr Henry Wentworth' knyght . . . my body to be 
buried att the pleasur' of allmighti god." 

("*) "Elizabetha Scrope vidua nuper uxor Thome Scrope de Upsall' militis." 
Writ of diem cl. ext. 10 Oct. 9 Hen. VIII. Inq., Essex, I June 15 18. " . . . et 
eadem Elizabetha Scrop' vidua obiit vij" die Septembris anno regni dicti domini Regis 
nunc nono . . . Et uherius dicunt . . . quod Margareta Mortymer vidua Lucia Broun' 
vidua due sorores predicte Elizabethe Scrop' vidueac Anna Fortescu uxor Adrian! For- 
tescu militis et Johannes Huddelston' duo consanguinei predicte Elizabethe Scrop' 
vidue videlicet predicta Anna filia et heres Anne tercie sororis predicte Elizabethe 
Scrop' vidue et dictus Johannes Huddelston' filius et heres Isabelle iiij'* sororis ejusdem 
Elizabethe sunt propinquiores et heredes predicte Elizabethe et quod quilibet predictorum 
Margarete Mortymer Lucie Broun' Anne Fortescu et Johannis Huddelston' sunt 
etatis xxiiij"^ annorum et amplius." Inq., co. Leicester, 21 Oct. 151 8. "Et ulterius 
. . . dicunt quod predicta Elizabetha . . . obiit primo die Septembris anno regni dicti 
domini Regis nunc nono." Heirs as before, except that for Anne Fortescue is 
substituted " Margareta Fortescue et Francisca Fortescue filie et heredes Anne 
Fortescue tercie sororis predicte Elizabethe Scrop' [where the words, " filie et heredis 
Anne Stonor," should be inserted before " tercie " to make the statement correct] 
. . . Et quod predicta Margareta Fortescue est etatis xiiij annorum et amplius Et quod 
dicta Francisca Fortescue est etatis trium mensium et amplius." Inq., co. Lincoln, 
21 Oct. 1 5 18. "Et quod predicta domina Elizabetha Skroopp' obiit vicessimo die 
Septembris anno regni Regis Henrici octavi nono Et quod Ricardus Wentworth miles 
est heres propinquior et est etatis triginta octo annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
II, vol. 33, nos. 73, 121: Exch. Inq. p. m., II, file 303, no. 13; file 552, no. 5; 
file 1 1 24, no. 11). 

C) P.C.C.y 19 Maynwaryng. "Elisabeth Lady Scrop' of Upsale and Massam 
wedow . . . my bodye to be buried in the black friers in London beside my lorde my 
hosbonde Thomas late Lorde Scrop' of Upsale and Massam and if it so be that I die 
in London or nere unto London so that I may be caried unsered convenyently unto 
the saide friers . . . Item I will . . . over my grave ... a stone w' iij ymag' that is to 
saie the one of my saide lorde my husbonde the other of myself the thirde of my saide 
doughter [Alis] and our armys in the saide stone and scripture making mencion what 



294 DESPENSER 

5. Sir Richard Wentworthe, of Nettlestead, &'c., s. and h., by ist 
wife, aged 38 and more in 1518. He was knighted by the King on the 
eve of the Coronation, 23 June 1509. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 
1 509-10 and 1 5 1 6-1 7. He m. Anne, da. of Sir James Tyrelle, of Gipping, 
Suffolk, by Anne, da. of Sir John Arundelle, of Lanherne, Cornwall. (^) 
He ^. 17 Oct. i528.('') Will dat. 21 Aug. 1526 18 Hen. VIII and 
15 Oct. 1528, commission for admon. dat. 21 Nov. I528.(') His widow 
was living 11 Nov. 1529. 



6. Sir Thomas Wentworthe, of Nettlestead, isT'c, s. and h., aged 28 
and more at his father's death. He was admitted as a Baron, 2 Dec. 
(1529) 21 Hen. VIII, by virtue of a writ of summons, whereby he became 
LORD WENTWORTPiE. Any hereditary Barony of Despenser, that 
may be supposed to have been created by the writ of 1387, became 
then united to that of Wentworthe. He t^. 3 Mar. 15 50/1. For 
further particulars and the subsequent descent of these Baronies, see 
Wentworth. 

DE TABLEY 

BARONY. I. John Fleming Leicester, s. and h. of Sir 

Peter Leicester, formerly Byrne,('*) 4th Bart. [I. 1671], 
I. 1826. by Catherine, da. and coh. of Sir William Fleming, Bart. 

[so cr. 1 705], of Rydal, Westmorland, was k 4 Apr. 1 762, 
at Tabley; sue. his father in the Baronetcy and estates 12 Feb. 1770; ed. at 
Trin. Coll. Cambridge, M.A. 1784; M.P. (moderate Whig) for Yarmouth 
(Isle of Wight) 1791-96; for Heytesbury, 1796-1802; and for Stockbridge, 

we were . . . Item ... a tombe over Sir Henry Wentworthe knyght late my hus- 
bonde lying buried in Newson Abbey in the countie of Lincoln . . . Item ... a 
tombe over my saide lorde my father [John Marques Mountague] and my lady 
[Isabeir] my mother lying buried in Bursam Abbey in the countie of Barkshier . . ." 

(') Co//. Top. et Gen., vol. i, p. 306. 

C") "Ricardus Wentworth miles." Writs of diem c/. ext. 6 Nov. 20 Hen. VIII. 
Inq., COS. Suffolk, York, Cambridge, Kent, Lincoln, Essex, 21 Sep., 5, 12, 22, 23 Oct., 
and II Nov. 1529. "Et ulterius . . . dicunt quod predictus Ricardus Wentworthe 
miles . . . obiit decimo septimo die mensis Octobris anno regni dicti domini Regis nunc 
vicesimo Et quod predictus Thomas Wentworthe miles est filius et heres propinquior 
ipsius Ricardi Wentworthe militis et est etatis viginti et octo annorum et amplius." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., II, vol. 49, nos. 8, 31, 60; vol. 50, nos. 71, 149, 151: Exch. 
Inq. p. m., II, file 631, no. 5; file 231, no. 12; file 81, no. i; file 484, no. 3; 
file 563, no. 21). 

(') P.C.C., 40 Porch. "Richard Wentworth' knyght ... my body to be 
buried within the Gray Freres of Ipswich." 

C*) This Sir Peter Byrne was s. and h. of Sir John Byrne, 3rd Bart. [I.], by 
Meriel, da. and h. of Sir Francis Leicester, 3rd Bart. [1660], of Tabley, co. 
Chester, and inherited the large Cheshire estates of that family, of which he was the 
representative. 



DE TABLEY 295 

i8o7;(^) High Sheriff of Cheshire 1804-05. He was, 10 [uly 1826 cr 
BARON DE TABLEY OF TABLEY HOUSE.C) co. Chester. He 
w., 10 Nov. 1 8 10 (spec, lie), in Hampton Court Palace, Georgina Maria, 
yst. da. of Josiah Cottin, Lieut. Col. in the Army, by Lavinia, da. of Sir 
William Chambers, the celebrated architect. He d. 18 June 1827, at 
Tabley House, aged 65, and was bur. at Great Budworth, co. Chester. 
Will pr. July 1827. His widow, who was ^.28 Feb. 1794, m. (or went 
through the form of marriage with), 10 July 1828 (as his ist wife), her 
late husband's nephew, the Rev. Frederic Leicester, M.A.,("=) who d. 
16 Apr. 1873, aged 70. She d. 5 Nov. 1859, at Brighton, aged 65. 

n. 1827. 2. George Fleming (Leicester, ^y/fnf«r^j Warren), 

Baron de Tabley of Tabley House, tfc, s. and h., b. 
28 Oct. 1 8 II, at Tabley House; ed. at Eton, and at Ch. Ch., Oxford. By 
Royal lie, 18 Feb. 1832, he took the name of JVarren in lieu of that of 
Leicester., under the will (1826) of his cousin, the Dowager Viscountess 
Bulkeley [L], on inheriting her Lancashire estates. ('^) A Lord in Waiting 
1853-58, and 1859-66; Treasurer of the Household, 1868-72; P.C. 4 Feb. 
1869.0 He w., istly, 21 June 1832, at Dunlear, Catharina Barbara, ist 
da. of Jerome, Count de Salis-Saglio, by his 3rd wife, Henrietta, da. of 
the Right Rev. William Foster, Bishop of Kilmore. She d. 20 Feb. 1869, 

(*) He supported Pitt during the Revolutionary War, but was hardly a party 
man. V.G. 

(•>) "A tautologous designation that was sufficiently unmeaning," made according 
to the 19th century fashion of inventing "Victorian Gothic" titles. See Her. and 
Gen., vol. i, p. 151, and see ante, p. 37, note " b," sub de Grey. He was a liberal 
patron of the fine arts, was an amateur artist, and interested in ornithology. 

(■=) " Mr. Leicester, nephew to the late Lord de Tabley, was married about 5 
weeks ago to his aunt, Lady de Tabley, who expects to be confined next month! 
His Diocesan, the Bishop of Lichfield, has given him notice he shall eject him from 
his living for marrying his aunt." (T. Creevey, i Sep. 1828). V.G. 

(•*) This lady, Elizabeth Harriet, was the da. and sole h. of Sir George Warren, 
K.B., s. and h. and only child that left issue of Edward Warren, the only son that 
left issue of another Edward Warren, all of Poynton, co. Chester. This last named 
Edward had, besides his said son, a da. Anna Dorothea, who m. Sir Daniel Byrne, 
2nd Bart. [I. 1671], and was mother of Sir John Byrne, 3rd Bart., the father of the 
4th Bart., and grandfather of the 5th Bart., the 1st Baron de Tabley. This 
nobleman was therefore on the death, s.p., of the Viscountess, 23 Feb. 1826, the 
representative of the Warren family of Poynton, but the old lady chose to leave 
Poynton Hall and the vast Cheshire estate to a stranger in blood, viz., to Frances 
Maria, Baroness Vernon, da. and h. of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren, Bart., 
G.C.B., who by a fraudulent pedigree (printed in Watson's Ear/s of Warren and 
Surrey) is represented as her tenth cousin, once removed. See Her. and Gen., vol. viii, 
pp. 65-80 (at p. 76); as also vol. vii, pp. 193-219. 

(=) Originally a Conservative, he voted for Protection in 1845 3"^ for Free 
Trade in 1846, became a Peelite after 1846, and from 1855 voted regularly with 
the Liberals and held office under Liberal premiers, though remaining a member 
of the Carlton Club. V.G. 



296 DE TABLEY 

in Brook Str., Midx. He w., 2ndly, 26 Jan. 1871, at Compton Verney, 
CO. Warwick, Elizabeth, widow of James Hugh Smith-Barry, ist da. of 
Shalcross Jacson, of Newton Bank, co. Chester, by Frances, da. of the 
Rev. Joseph Cook, of Newton Hall. He d. 19 Oct. 1887, at Tabley 
House, in his 76th year, and was bur. in the church of Great Budworth. 
Will pr. 21 Jan. 1888, above ;^7 1,000, but said to be exceeded by the 
liabilities. His widow was living 191 6. 

III. 1887 3. John Byrne Leicester (Warren), Baron de 

to Tabley of Tabley House, also a Bart. [I. 1671], ist and 

1895. only surv. s. and h. by ist wife; b. 26 Apr. 1835, at 

Tabley House; ed. at Eton circa 1848-54, and at Ch. Ch., 

Oxford, B.A. 1859, M.A. i860; Barrister (Line. Inn) i860, F.S.A. 25 Jan. 

1883. A Liberal. C) He d. unm., 22 Nov. 1895, in the Isle of Wight, 

and was bur. at Little Peever, aged 60, when the peerage became extinct^ 

but the Baronetcy devolved on a distant cousin. Will pr. at ^^87,461. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 6,195 ^'^''^s in Cheshire, 
worth ;^ 1 4,647 a year. Principal Residence. — Tabley House, near 
Knutsford, Cheshire. 

DEVEREUX or DEVEROSE('') 

BARONY BY i. Sir John Devereux, or Deverose('=) of Lyonshall, 
WRIT. Dorstone, and Whitechurch Maund in Bodenham, co. 

I n Hereford, and Dinton, Bucks. His parentage is unknown, 

^ ^' but he was probably a yr. s. of William Deverose, of 

Bodenham, who d'. in 1376/7. ('^) He joined the expedition 
of Bertrand du Guesclin to assist Don Enrique of Trastamara against Pedro 
the Cruel, King of Castile, but was recalled in 1366, with the other English 
subjects, by the Prince of Wales.('') He distinguished himself at the battle 
of Najera, 3 Apr. I367.('') Seneschal of the Limousin, 1369 to I37i.('') 
He was at the capture of Limoges by the Prince of Wales in Sep. I370.('') 
Appointed Seneschal of Rochelle in I372.(') Was defeated and taken 
prisoner by Du Guesclin at the battle of Chize in Poitou, 21 Mar. 

(*) He did not vote on the Home Rule Bill in 1893. He is spoken of as " a 
true poet, a scholar of very varied accomplishments, and a skilled numismatist," 
in a notice by Theodore Watts-Dunton, in the Athemsum, 30 Nov. 1895. Accord- 
ing to Sir Mountstuart Grant-Duff he was "one of the most accurate of our critical 
botanists." Most of his poems were published pseudonymously as by " George F. 
Preston " or " William Lancaster." V.G. 

C) This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(•=) His arms were. Argent, a fesse and in chief three roundlets Gules, a mullet 
Or for difference. These arms are attributed to him in the Rolls, and were also, with 
the same difference, set up in Wythyam Church, Sussex, according to Nicholas 
Charles (Lansdowne MSB., no. 874, f. 130). 

C) He was obviously not the eldest son of this William, as the pedigrees state. 
For the family of Devereux of Bodenham, see Ferrers of Chartley. 

(') Froissart, lib. i, cap. 233-308. 



DEVEREUX 297 

1372/3.0 He assisted the Duke of Brittany in his campaign in that province 
in I375.(') On 20 May 1377 the Prince of Wales gave him 200 marks 
a year for life, for his services during the Prince's journey into Spain and 
in the wars in Guienne.C") On the accession of Richard II he was appointed 
a member of the Council constituted to act during the King's minority, 
20 July 1 377.0 Was appointed Constable of Leeds Castle, Kent, during 
the King's pleasure, i Mar. 1377/8, and for life, 13 Mar. following.^ The 
Duke of Brittany granted him 100 marks a year for life, in 1379 or 1380.0 
He was appointed Captain of the town of Calais, 17 Jan. i379/8o,(') 
supervisor of the castles and fortalices In the parts of Calais and Guines, 
17 Apr. 1381,0 and acommissioner to treat with the King of France, 20 May 
and 16 Dec. 1381.O He had licences, 24 Mar. 138 1/2 and 11 Apr. 
1382, to acquire for life, with remainders to his wife and two children, the 
priories of Frampton, Panfield, and Wells, from the Abbey of St. Etienne 
at Caen, and the priory of Newent from the Abbey of Cormeilles, paying 
therefor ^246 ly. ^d. [370 marks] yearly to the Exchequer during the war 
with France. O He was appointed a commissioner to treat with the Count 
of Flanders and the Flemings, i June 1383,0 and with the King of France 
and the Count of Flanders, i^c, 4 Nov. 1383. He was sum. to Pari. 
28 Sep. (1384) 8 Ric. II to 23 Nov. (1392) 16 Ric. II, by writs directed 
Johanni Devereux, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
DEVEREUX. C") The payment of 310 of the 370 marks mentioned 
above was remitted, 10 Sep. 1385, because the King had made him a 



(») Froissart, lib. i, cap. 313, 323: Cuvelier, Chron. de Du GuescUn: &c. 

C") The Prince's letters patent were dated at Berkhampstead, 20 May 51 
Edw. Ill, and the Prince on his death-bed ordered the charge to be assigned, it not 
having been assigned. It was accordingly made on some fee farm rents for the castles 
and lands of Montgomery and Builth, (ifc. [Patent Roll, i Ric. II, p. i, mm. 17, 7). 

(=) The members elected were " Les honorables piers en Dieu, William euesque 
de Londres et Rauf euesque de Saresbirs: Noz cheres et foialx cosyns, Esmon conte de 
la Marche et Richard conte Darundel: Et noz cheres et foialx, William sire Latymer 
et Johan sire de Cobeham, barons, Roger de Beauchamp et Richard de Stafford, 
baneretz, et Johan Knyvet, Rauf de Ferreres, Johan Devereux, et Hugh de Segrave, 
bachilers." [Patent Roll, 1 Ric. II, p. I, m. 16). As Roger de Beauchamp and 
Richard de Stafford were each sum. to Pari, "as a Baron " — 1363 to 1379 and 1371 to 
1379 respectively — it follows that in 1377 the status of a baron was not conferred by 
a summons to Pari. Cf. -p. 121 of this volume, note "a." 

(^) Patent Rolls, I Ric. 11,/.. 4, mm. 33, 31 ; 4 Ric. II, p. I, m. 19: Ch. Prtvy 
Seals, I, file 455, nos. 257, 276; file 467, no. 1426. His salary was looj. a year, 
charged on the manor of Leeds. 

(=) Patent Roll, 5 Ric. II, p. I , mm. 16, 12. The grant was dated Thursday before 
the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 3 Ric. II, i.e., 23 June 1379 or 21 June 1380. 

(') French Roll, 3 Ric. II, m. 16. His successor was appointed 15 Sep. 1 383. 
[Idem, 7 Ric. II, m. 20). 

(B) French Rolls, 4 Ric. II, mm. 11, 4; S Ric II, m. j; 6 Ric. II, m. i ; 7 Ric. II, 
mm. 17, 15: Patent Roll, 5 Ric. II, p. 2, mm. 19, 9. 

C") As to the spelling of the name, there is a document of a very scarce species, 
being a letter from the Keeper of the Chancery Rolls to Piers de Courtcnay, the 

38 



298 DEVEREUX 

banneret and placed him at the Standard. (") In Nov. 1385 he bought, 
for ^1,000, from Sir Robert Hereford and Elizabeth his wife, late the wife 
of James, Earl of Ormond, the castle of Kilpeclc, co. Hereford (parcel of 
her dower lands), to hold during her life.C") He was appointed a com- 
missioner to treat for a truce with the King of France, 22 Jan. i385/6,("=) 
and with the King of France, the Count of Flanders, i^c., 26 Nov. 1388 
and 8 Apr. I390.(') Steward of the King's Household, Feb. 1387/8 ("*) 
till his death. Was appointed Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of 
the Cinque Ports during the King's pleasure, 3 Jan., and for life, 12 Mar. 
1387/8. (') K.G. in or before Apr. 1389. On 9 Dec. 1390 the King 
granted him, in fee, the castle and manor of Lyonshall, co. Hereford, 
lately forfeited by Sir Simon de Burley.C^) He had licence to crenellate 
his manor-house of Penshurst, Kent, 21 Sep. I392.('^) He m. Margaret, 
da. of John (de Veer), Earl of Oxford, by Maud, sister and coh. 
of Sir Giles de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere and Chilham, Kent, and 
2nd da. of Sir Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of the same [Lords 
Badlesmere]. She had w., istly, Sir Henry de Beaumont, of Falkingham, 
CO. Lincoln [Lord Beaumont], who d. 25 July 1369,0 and was bur. in 
Sempringham Priory: and, 2ndly, as 2nd wife. Sir Nicholas de Lovein, 
of Penshurst, Kent, who d. in 1375, and whose will, dat. at Poplar, 
20 Sep. 1375, was pr. in the manor of the Bishop of Winchester 
at Southwark, 25 Nov. following.(8) Lord Devereux d., suddenly, 
22 Feb. i392/3,('') and was bur. in the Church of the Grey Friars, London. 

King's Chamberlain, dated 8 July [1388], asking him to present Thomas Tryvet chr. 
to the King to do his homage. Across the top of this letter is written in a bold hand- 
writing, " le roy ad receu son homage le iij daust," and below, in the same hand, 
"Deueros" — who was then Steward of the King's Household. (Ch. Inq. p. m. [«V], 
Ric. II, file 57, no. 11 i). 

(•) Patent Roll, 9 Ric. 11,/-. I, m. 38. 

('') Fine levied in the octaves of St. Martin 9 Ric. II. [Feet of Fine!, case 83, 
file 49, no. 38). Pardon for acquisition without licence, 10 Apr. 1386, for a fine of 
10 marks. {Patent Roll, 9 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 13). 

("=) French Rolls, 9 Ric. II, m. 24; 12 Ric. II, mm. lO, 9, 2; 13 Ric. II, mm. 5, 3. 

(^) Charter Roll, 11-13 Ric. II, m. 24: Patent Rolls, 14 Ric. II, p. 2, m. 43; 
16 Ric. II, p. I, m. I. 

(") Patent Roll, 11 Ric. II, p. I, m. 2; p. 2, m. 19. His salary was ;^300 
a year. 

Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Henry de Beaumont chr.), Edw. Ill, file 206, no. 12. 

(8) Lambeth Reg., Sudbury, fF. 86-88v. " Nichol de Loueyn chiualer . . . mon 
corps destre enseruelez a lesglise parochiale de Penshurst ou en lesglise del abbeye 
nostre dame de graces lust le tour de Londres." He mentions " monsire Aubray de 
Veer frere de ma dite femme [Margrete]." 

C") "Johannes Devereux chivaler." Writ of diem d. ext. 12 July 17 Ric. II. 
Inq., Bucks, Tuesday before St. Thomas the Apostle [16 Dec] 1393. "Et dicunt 
quod predictus Johannes Devereux obiit die sabati proximo ante primam dominicam 
quadragesime ultimo preterite Et quod Johannes Devereux filius predicti Johannis 
Devereux chivaler defuncti est propinquior heres ejusdem Johannis Et est etatis 
sexdecim annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 80, no. 18: Exch. 



DEVEREUX 299 

Will dat. June 1385 (codicil dat. 22 Feb. 1392 [1392/3]), pr. in St. Paul's 
Church, London, 23 Feb. i392/3.(") His widow's dower was ordered to 
be assigned, 25 Feb. i393/4.('') She d. 15 June 1398, (') and was bur. 
with him.C') 

2. Sir John Devereux, of Whitechurch Maund, aged 16 and more 
at his father's death. He accompanied the King to Ireland in Sep. I394.(') 
He m., between 13 Aug. 1386 and 17 Aug. 1390, Philippe, elder da. and 
coh. of Sir Guy de Briene, of Oxenhall, co. Gloucester (s. and h. ap. of 
Sir Guy de Briene, of Laugharne, co. Carmarthen, and Walwyn's Castle, 
CO. Pembroke [Lord Briene]), (•) by Alice, da. and h. of Sir Robert de 

Inq. p. 7«., I, file 62, no. 3). " Mcccxciii, in festo Cathedre sancti Petri, obiit repente 
dominus Johannes Devros miles Regis Senescallus et Doverie Constabularius, dum 
parasset se ad maris transitum cum Ducibus Lancastrie et Glovernie, pro tractatu 
pacis prelocute." [Annales Ricardi II, p. 156). 

(=) P.C.C., 3 Rous, ff. 18-19V. "Johan Deuereux chiualer . . . mon' corps 
destre enteres a les Freres menurs en Londres." The will is dated " le mesqirdy 
iour de Jung" 1385, and the codicil "in camera sua in hospicio suo vocato le 
Coldeherberwe in parochia omnium Sanctorum ad fenum London' situato." The 
latter was pr. 27 June 1393. 

(•>) Writ de dote assignanda (co. Bucks) 25 Feb. {Close Roll, 17 Ric. II, in. 14). 

{^) " Margareta que fuit uxor Henrici de Beaumont chivaler que quasdam terras 
et quedam tenementa tenuit in dotem seu alias . . . de hereditate Henrici filii et heredis 
Johannis de Beaumont chivaler defuncti." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 20 June 21 Ric. II. 
Inq., cos. Leicester, Lincoln, Wednesday after the Translation of St. Thomas the 
Martyr and Monday after St. James [10, 29 July] 1398. "Et dicunt quod eadem 
Margareta obiit die sabbati proximo post festum sancti Barnabe Apostoli ultimo 
preterits." "Margareta que fuit uxor Henrici Beaumont chivaler." Similar writ, 
same date. Inq., Oxon, Tuesday after St. Lucy [17 Dec] 1398. " Et dicunt quod 
predicta Margareta obiit die martis proximo post festum Nativitatis sancti Johannis 
Baptiste [25 June] ultimo preterita Et dicunt quod Margareta uxor Philippi 
Seyntcler chivaler est filia et heres propinquior predicti Nicholai [Loveyn chivaler] 
. . . et etatis viginti sex annorum et amplius Et dicunt quod dicta Margareta uxor 
dicti Philippi Seyntcler est filia et heres dicte Margarete nuper uxoris dicti Nicholai." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 98, no. 1 1 : Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 69, no. 19, and Enrol- 
ments, nos. 340, 343). 

("^) "Inter altare commune et altare Jhesu in tumba elevata jacent dominus 
Johannes Dewerose valens miles quondam Senescallus domus regie et Margareta uxor 
ejus quondam domina de Bewmond et filia comitis Exonie [«V]." [Register, as on 
p. 153 of this volume, note " e," f. 290). 

(*) Patent Roll, 18 Ric. II, p. i, mm. 22, 17, 3, where he is called John 
Devereux de Maun, a minor. The appellation was necessary, as there were contem- 
poraries of the same name, of a family in Somerset and Dorset. For a similar reason 
his father was styled "of co. Hereford," and, afterwards. Constable of Dover Castle, 
or Warden of the Cinque Ports, ^c. 

"Guido de Briene miles junior." Writ o^ diem cl. ext. 16 May g Ric. II. 
Inq., CO. Gloucester, Monday after St. Lawrence [13 Aug.] 1386. " Et dicunt quod 
Guido de Bryen junior obiit die Lune proximo post festum Purificacionis beate Marie 
anno predicti Regis nunc nono . . . Et dicunt quod inter predictos Guidonem et 
Aliciam uxorem ejus cxierunt Philippa de etate vij annorum et Elizabetha nunc de 



300 DEVEREUX 

BuRES, of Bures St. Mary, Suffolk. He d. s.p. and a minor, 13 Nov. 
i396-(*) His widow had livery of her purparty of the lands of her 
grandfather, Sir Guy de Briene, 14 June 1397, her homage being respited. (•>) 
She, who was b. in 1378 or 1379, in co. Devon, m., as ist wife (papal 
mandate for disp., 5 Feb. i397/8),(') Sir Henry le Scrope, of Masham 
and Upsall, co. York, sometimes called Lord Scrope, and d. s.p. 19 Nov. 
i4o6.('') He was condemned to death as a traitor and beheaded at the 
North Gate of Southampton, 5 Aug. 141 5. He d. s.p. Will, mentioning 
that his burial was to be in the [Cath.] Church of York, dated 23 June 
141 5 3 Hen. V. 

etate quatuor annorum que quidem Philippa et Elizabetha sunt filie et heredes pro- 
pinquiores predicti Guidonis junioris." (Cb. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 38, no. 7: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 53, no. 7). " Guido de Briene chivaler." Writs of diem 
cl. ext. 23 Aug. 14 Ric. II. Inq., Devon, Dorset, Somerset, Friday and Saturday 
after the Nativity of the Virgin [9, 10 Sep.], and 13 Sep. 1390. "Et eciam dicunt 
quod predictus Guido pater obiit die Mercurii proximo post festum Assumpcionis 
beate Marie anno regni Regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum quartodecimo Item 
dicunt quod Phelippa uxor Johannis Deveros filii Johannis Deveros militis et Eliza- 
betha uxor Roberti filii Johannis Lovell' militis sunt propinquiores heredes predicti 
Guidonis patris videlicet ut filie predicti Guidonis filii predicti Guidonis patris Et 
dicunt quod predicta Phelippa est etatis xij annorum et amplius Et predicta Eliza- 
betha est etatis ix annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., Ric. II, file 62, no. 8: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 57, no. 4). 

(*) "Johannes Devereux chivaler filius et heres Johannis Devereux chivaler 
defuncti." Writ of devenerunt 24 July 21 Ric. II. Inq., Bucks, Tuesday before 
St. Peter ad vinculo [31 July] 1397. " Et dicunt quod idem Johannes Devereux 
filius et heres predicti Johannis Devereux patris . . . obiit die Lune proxima post 
festum sancti Martini Episcopi ultimo preteritum Et quod Johanna uxor Walteri 
domini fiz Wauter chivaler est soror et heres propinquior dicti Johannis Devereux 
filii et heredis dicti Johannis Devereux patris Et dicunt quod dicta Johanna soror 
predicti Johannis ... est de etate septemdecim annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m., 
Ric. II, file 98, no. 20: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 68, no. 9). 

C") On 14 June 1397 the escheators were ordered to divide into two equal parts 
,the lands which Guy de Briene kt. deceased had held at his death, and to give seizin 
of one part to Philippe, late the wife of John Devereux chr., and to retain the other 
part, the purparty of Elizabeth, whom Robert, s. of John Lovell kt., had married, in 
the King's hand. Philippe had proved her age before the escheator in co. Devon. 
{Fine Roll, 20 Ric. II, m. 16). 

("=) Papal mandate to the Archbishop of York, dated non. Feb. 9 Boniface IX 
[5 Feb. 1397/8], to dispense the said Henry and Philippe to remain in the marriage 
they had contracted, although they were related in the 3rd-4th degrees of affinity. 
Letters patent from the Archbishop, granting the dispensation, dated at Turnham 
Hall, II July 1398. [York Reg., Scrope, f. 1 14). 

(^) " Philippa que fuit uxor Henrici Lescrop' de Masham chivaler." Writs of 
diem cl. ext. 1 1 Dec. 8 Hen. IV. Inq., cos. Dorset, Somerset, Gloucester, Middlesex, 
Kent, II, 12 Mar. 1406/7, Tuesday after St. Ambrose [5 Apr.], 8 and 16 Apr. 
1407. " Et quod predicta Philippa obiit xix° die Novembris ultimo preterito sine 
herede de corpore suo exeunte et quod Elizabetha uxor Roberti Lovell' est soror 
predicte Philippe et heres ejus propinquior et est etatis xxiiij"'' annorum et amplius." 
(Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. IV, file 59, no. 54: Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 89, no. 5). 



DEVEREUX 301 

3. Joan Devereux, sister and h., aged 17 and more at her brother's 
death. She m., istly, Sir Walter FitzWauter, sometimes called Lord 
FitzWauter, of Woodham Walter, Essex. They had livery of her 
inheritance, w'z., the manor of Dinton, 2 Aug. 1397, his fealty therefor 
being ordered to be taken by the escheator in co. Bucks. (*) He, who was 
b. in Sep. 1368, at Henham, Essex, d. 16 May i4o6,('') aged 37. Will, 
directing his burial to be in the Church of Henham, dat. at York, 20 July 
1408 [sic], never proved. {Lambeth Reg., Arundel i, f. 224 r and v). On 
I July 1407 she had royal lie. to marry whom she would, for a fine ot 
j^"40.('') She m., 2ndly, before 29 Jan. 1407/8, when her dower (of her 
1st husband's lands) was ordered to be assignedjC*) as 3rd wife. Sir Hugh 
BuRNELL, of Holgate, Salop, Weoly, co. Worcester, i^c. [Lord Burnell], 
who d'. 27 Nov. I420,(*) and whose will, dat. at Weoly, 2 Oct. 141 7, was 
pr. in the Palace of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 6 Feb. 1420/1.0 
She, for whom Robes of the Order of the Garter were ordered to be 
provided in 1399 and 1409,^. 10 or 11 May 1409, («) and was bur. in 
Dunmow Priory. 

tt Fine Roll, 21 Ric. II, m. 32. 

(») Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Walter FitzWauter kt.), Hen. IV, file 60, no. 67. 
See FitzWalter. 

(') Patent Roll, 8 Hen. IV, p. 2, m. 6. 

C*) Writs de dote assignanda 29 Jan. 9 Hen. IV, and of amotui 12 Feb. 
ID Hen. IV, in all of which she is described as wife of Hugh Burnell chr. {Ckie 
Rolh, 9 Hen. IV, m. 27; 10 Hen. IV, m. 23). 

(^) "Hugo Burnell' chivaler." Writs oi diem cl. ext. 29 Nov. 8 Hen. V. Inq., 
Kent, Northants, Bristol town, cos. Suffolk, Worcester, Salop, Stafford, Warwick, 
Leicester, Somerset, Gloucester, Wilts, Surrey, Bucks, Oxon, Essex, Monday and 
Wednesday before St. Thomas the Apostle, Saturday before and Saturday after 
Christmas [16, 18, 21, 28 Dec] 1420, Thursday after Epiphany (2), Saturday before, 
Monday the Feast of, and Thursday after, St. Hilary [9, 11, 13, 16 Jan.], 
24, 27, 30 Jan., Wednesday and Friday before the Purification [29, 31 Jan.], 
Monday after St. Blaise [lo Feb.] 1 420/ 1, and Friday before the Nativity of 
St. John the Baptist [20 June] 1421. "Et dicunt quod predictus Hugo obiit 
xxvij"° die mensis Novembris proximo preterito Et quod Jocosa uxor Thome 
Erdyngton' junioris Katerina Burnell' et Margeria uxor Edmundi Hungerford' sunt 
consanguinee et heredes predicti Hugonis propinquiores videlicet filie Edwardi Burnell' 
militis filii predicti Hugonis Et sunt etatis videlicet predicta Jocosa xxiiij" annorum 
et amplius predicta Katerina xiiij annorum et amplius et predicta Margeria xj 
annorum et amplius." (Ch. Inq. p. m.. Hen. V, file 54, no. 116: Exch. Inq. p. m., 
I, file 122, no. 9). 

(*) Lambeth Reg., Chichele i, f. 343V. " Hugo Burnell' dominus de Holgote et 
de Weoleygh' . . . corpus meum ad sepeliendum in choro Monasterii beate Marie 
abathie de Hales Oweyry [Hales Owen] in quadam tumba alabaustri juxta corpus 
Jocose quondam uxoris mee pro sepultura nostra ibidem constructa." 

(8) " Johanna que fuit uxor Walteri Fitz Wauter chivaler defuncti." Writs of 
diem cl. ext. 12 May and 13 June 10 Hen. IV. Inq., Essex, city of London, 
Saturday after Corpus Christi [8 June] and 15 July 1409. "Dicunt eciam quod 
predicta Johanna . . . obiit undecimo die Maii ultimo elapso [die veneris proximo ante 
festum Ascensionis domini ultimo preterits — co. Essex] Et quod Umfridus filius 



302 DEVEREUX 

Her heir was her ist s., Humphrey FitzWauter, who was b. i8 Oct. 
1398, at Penshurst, Kent, and d. s.p. i Sep. 141 5, being sue. by his next 
br., Walter FitzWauter, who was b. ii June 1401, at Woodham Walter. 
Any hereditary Barony of Devereux, that may be supposed to have been 
created by the writ of 1384, was thus united to that of FitzWauter. 

DEVEROIS or DEVEROSEf) 

BARONY BY i. Sir William Deverois, Deverose, or DeverouSjC") 

WRIT. of Lyonshall, Holme Lacy, and Stoke Lacy, co. Here- 

. ^ ford, and Lower Hayton, Salop, s. and h. of Sir William 

"9y- Deverois, of Lyonshall, fife, (who was slain at the battle 

of Evesham, 4 Aug. I265),('') by Maud (who d. in 

Walter! fitz Waauter chivaier est heres propinquior ipsius Walteri et Johanna at in festo 
sancti Luce Evangelista ultimo preterito etatis decern annorum." Inq., Bucks, Suffolk, 
Kent, Sussex, 5 June, Monday after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist [i July], 
3 1 July, and Thursday before the Nativity of the Virgin [5 Sep.] 1 409. Date of death, 
10 May (co. Suffolk), — May (co. Kent), 1 1 May (cos. Bucks, Sussex). Heir, aged 10 
and mora, or 1 1 and more, as before. Inq., co. Hereford, 26 Aug. 1409. She held 
at her death the castle and manor of Lyonshall of the Earl of March as of his manor of 
Stanton Lacy, and the castle and manor of Dorstone, and the manor of Newton in the 
march of Wales, of the same Earl as of his lordship of Clifford, by knight service: a 
quarter of the manor, and the advowson, of Bishopstown, of the Bishop of Hereford, 
by knight service: and the manor of Whitechurch Maund, of whom, ^c, unknown: 
also certain lands, is^c, in Whitechurch Maund and Marsh Maund, to her and her 
heirs for a term of 70 years, by the concession of William Deveros deceased. "Et 
ultimo dicunt quod predicta Johanna obiit sexto die Maii ultimo preterito Et quod 
Humfridus filius predictorum Walteri et Johanne est heres propinquior ejusdem 
Johanne et est etatis decem annorum." (Ch. Inq. p. w., Hen. IV, file 73, no. 40: 
Exch. Inq. p. m., I, file 92, no. 7). 

(») This article is by G. W. Watson. V.G. 

(*•) The arms of this family of Deverois were Gules, a fesse and in chief three 
roundlets Argent. Those of Deverois (afterwards Devereux) of Bodenham were the 
same, with the tinctures reversed. For the latter family see Ferrers of Chartley. 

(*) In 1 1 66 Roger de Ehroich held 4 fees, and Walter de Ehroicis 3 fees, of Hugh 
de Lacy of Ewyas and Weobley, co. Hereford. Roger is usually supposed to have 
been ancestor of the family of Deverois of Lyonshall, Walter of that of Deverois 
of Bodenham, but this conjecture is untrue: for it appears from Bracton's Note 
Book, no. 227, that Roger di Ehreicis, living in the reign of Henry II, held 2 knights' 
fees in Eylnathestona and Pitttelega, and d. i.p., leaving his sisters his heirs. Stephen 
de Ehroich was granted the vill of Frome Herherti by his uncle, Stephen de Longchamp, 
in 1205, and the manor of Wilby, co. Norfolk, by the Earl of Pembroke. [Charter 
Rolls, 7 Joh., m. 2>; II Hen. Ill, p. i, w. 3). He gave lands in Lyonshall and Frome 
to Wormsley Priory, m. Isabel de Cantelou (she tn., 2ndly, Ralph de Penbrugge), and d. 
shortly before 17 Mar. 1227/8. (Charter in Coll. Top. et Gen., vol. ii, p. 250: Fine Roll, 
12 Hen. Ill, m. 7; Close Roll, m. 11). William de Ehroicis confirmed the grants of 
his father Stephen to Wormsley, die Parasceve [25 Mar.] 1250. In 1264 he pledged 
his manors of Stoke Lacy and Lawton for 1,000 marks to Roger de Mortimer for the 
ransom of Adam le Despenser, taken prisoner at the battle of Northampton. {Liber 
Niger de JVigmore, Harl. MSS., no. 1240, ff. 48, 49: Patent Roll, 49 Hen. Ill, m. 16). 



DEVEROIS 303 

Aug. I297),(') da. of Sir Hugh Giffard, sometime Constable of the Tower 
of London. His father's lands had been forfeited, and granted, 20 Nov. 1265, 
to Roger de MortimerjC") but he recovered the manors mentioned above. 
In May 1286 he demised all his land in Cheddar, Somerset, to the Bishop 
of Bath and Wells, to hold for a term.('=) He was on the King's 
service in Wales in July i287.('*) On 14 Oct. 1290 he was sentenced to 
major excommunication by the Bishop of Hereford for detention of the 
tithes of his manor of Lyonshall, but was absolved 7 Nov. following.('') 
He was summoned for Military Service from 12 Dec. (1276) 5 Edw. I 
to May (1297) 25 Edw. I, and to Pari. 6 Feb. (1299) 27 Edw. I, by writ 
directed Willelmo de Ebroicis, whereby he is held to have become LORD 
DEVEROIS. (') In 1300 he granted the manors of Holme Lacy and Stoke 
Lacy, and the castle and manor of Lyonshall, to the Bishop of Coventry and 
Lichfield, to hold for life.Q He m. Lucy, who survived him.(*) 

William, s. and h. of the Lord William de Ehroycis, confirmed the grants of his 
grandfather, the Lord Stephen de Ehroycis, to Wormsley. {Cartulary of IVormdey, 
Had. MSS., no. 3586, ff. 14V-23V). 

(*) " Mccxcvii. Decimo tercio kal. Septembris sepulta fuit in ecclesia cathedra!! 
Matildis de Evereus juxta locum ubi episcopus frater ejus disposuit sublimius sepeliri." 
{Annaki de Jf-'tgornla, p. 534). Grant for life at the instance of Walter, Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, to Maud, sister of the said bishop, and late the wife of William 
de Ebroicis, who was slain at Evesham, of the manors of Holme Lacy, Frome, Oxen- 
hall [co. Gloucester], and Wilby [co. Norfolk], late of the said William: 12 Oct. 
{Patent Roll, 49 Hen. Ill, m. 5). Her son William gave the reversion after her death 
of the manor of Wilby to his da. (or sister), Maud, and her husband Richard dc 
Boylonde, and the heirs of their bodies, by a fine levied in the octaves of St. Hilary 
5 Edw. I. {Feet of Fines, case 159, file 106, no. 88). 

C") The transcript of the charter {Liher Niger de IFigmore, f. 37) has Rad'ui 
instead of Rog'us. In 1274/5 Roger de Mortimer quitclaimed, for himself and his 
heirs, to William de Everus all his right in the castle of Lyonshall, for 100 marks. 
(Pleas before the King on the morrow of the Purification 3 Edw. I — Coram Rege, 
2-3 Edw. I, roll no. 11, m. 33). 

(<=) Close Roll, 14 Edw. I, m. 4 d. By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. Michael 
13 Edw. I, he gave the said Bishop the reversion of some tenements in Lower 
Hay ton. {Feet of Fines, case 193, file 6, no. 13). 

C) Potent Roll, 15 Edw. I, m. "]: Hereford Reg., Swinfield, pp. 242-3. 

("') As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any peerage 
dignity, see Appendix A in the last volume. 

By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. John the Baptist 28 Edw. I, William 
Deverose gave to Walter de Langton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield [who d. in 
1321], the manors of Holme Lacy and Stoke Lacy, for life, with reversion to himself 
and his heirs. By another fine, levied in the quinzaine of St. Martin 29 Edw. I, 
William de Ebroicis and Lucy his wife gave the said Bishop the castle and manor 01 
Lyonshall, for life, at a rent of ^^20 (or after their deaths, ;^io) a year. {Feet of Fines, 
case 81, file 24, nos. 185, 196). Lyonshall in some way got into the hands of 
William Tuchet, who in the Barons' Letter to the Pope (i2 Feb. 1300/1) is styled 
"dominus de Levenhales." 

(8) Charters of "Lucia que fui uxor Willelmi de Ebroyc' quondam domini dc 
Leonhal' in pura viduitate." {Cartulary of IVarmsley, f. 19). 



304 DEVEROIS 

2. Sir John Deverois, of Lower Hayton, Salop, s. and h. He m., 
istly, in or before 1284, Christine, widow of Sir William d'Eylesford, of 
Munsley, co. Hereford, and elder da. and coh. of Sir Gerard de Furnivalle, 
of Burton, Northants. He m., 2ndly, Eve. He d. shortly before 13 Mar. 
1315/6.0 His widow was living in Sep. I32 8.('') 



3. Sir William Deverois, of Holme Lacy, Stoke Lacy, Frome 
Haymonds,('') and Lower Hayton, s. and h. He was knighted, Jan. 
1326/7. ('') Keeper of St. Briavels Castle and the Forest of Dean, 1327 to 
21 Dec. I330.('') He petitioned the King for the manor of Lyonshall, 
but unsuccessfully.^) He m., istly, .... He m., 2ndly, iVIargaret, 
widow of Sir Geoffrey de Cornewaille (who m. her before 12 Jan. 

(*) "Johannes Devereus." Writ of diem cl. ext. 13 Mar. 9 Edw. II. Inq., 
Northants, 4 Apr. 131 6. He had held lands in Burton and Cranford for life of the 
inheritance of Gerard, son of William d'Eyllesford. (Ch. Inq. p. w., Edw. II, file 46, 
no. 20). He had been returned as holding these lands in 1 284. {Feudal Aidf, vol. iv, 
pp. 12, 13). Cf. De Banco, Hilary, 36 Edw. Ill, m. 156, and Easter, 41 Edw. Ill, 
m. 203. 

C) Close Roll, 2 Edw. Ill, m. 14 d. 

(') Frome Haymonds was held in 1303 by Stephen de Evereus, either yr. br. or 
uncle of John abovenamed. {Feudal Aids, vol. ii, p. 379). He was one of those who 
forcibly disseized William Tuchet and Mary his wife of the castle of Lyonshall, late in 
the reign of Edward I. {Coram Rege, Trinity, i Edw. II, m. 53 d). He d. s.p., and 
appears to have left a widow, Constance, afterwards 2nd wife of Henry de Mortimer 
of Chelmarsh (who d. 26 Sep. 131 7), which Henry held Frome Haymonds in 1316 
{Feudal Aids, vol. ii, p. 388). 

{^) Accounts of Thomas de Usefiete, Clerk of the King's Great Wardrobe, Exch., 
K.R., Accounts, 382, no. 7. 

(') Fine Roll, 4 Edw. Ill, m. 8. His appointment is not enrolled, but his 
predecessor, John de Myners, was slain at the castle, shortly before 10 Mar. 1326/7. 
{Patent Roll, 1 Edw. Ill, p. i, m. 21 d). 

(*) "A nostre Seignur le Roy et a son Conseil Monstre William fitz et heir 
Johan Deuerous Qe come William Deuerous Ael mesme cestui William et Luce sa 
Femme tyndrent le Manoir de Leonhales a terme de lour deaux vies Et apres lour 
dissees le dit Maner remeyndreyt a Johan Deueroys fitz William Deuerous et a les 
heirs de son corps engendreez par Fin leue en la Court le Roy Puis William 
Deuerous et Luce sa Femme tenaunz a terme de vie alienerent le dist Manoir en 
fee al Euesche de Cestr' ala desheritaunce meisme cestuy William fitz et heir Johan 
Deuerous Et le dist Manoir est ore deuenuz en la Meyn le Roy par la mort 
William Tochet Dont mesme cestuy William fitz et heir Johan Deuerous prie 
remedie." {Ancient Petitions, file 43, no. 2102). In an Inq., 24 Jan. 1330/1, it is 
stated that in 5 Edw. II Bartholomew de Badlesmere kt. had enfeoffed William Tuchet 
kt. of the castle and manor of Lyonshall, &c., in tail general, with reversion to himself 
and his heirs. Also that, immediately after the Queen last landed in England [24 Sep. 
1326], William Deveroys kt. had entered the castle and manor by force and still 
held them. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 25, no. 8). William Tuchet was hanged, 
22 Mar. 1321/2, after the battle of Boroughbridge. 



DEVEROIS 305 

1308/9,0 and d. shortly before i June i335),('') anJ 2iid da. and coh. of 
Sir Hugh de Mortimer, of Richard's Castle, co. Hereford, Burford, Salop, 
life. [Lord Mortimer], by Maud, his wife. He d. shortly before 6 Mar. 
1336/7. (■=) His widow, who was b. 14 Sep. 1295, ('^) ;«., 3rdly, before 
9 Feb. 1338/9, Q Thomas ue Hulhampton, and d. shortly before 
25 Dec. 1345,0 aged 50. 



4. Sir William Deverois, of Holme Lacy, Stoke Lacy, Frome 
Haymonds, and Lower Hayton, s. and h. by ist wife, b. on or just before 
I Nov. 13 14. In 1340 he attempted to recover the castle and manor of 
Lyonshall from John de Veer, Earl of Oxford, and Maud (de Badlesmere), 
his wife.O He was implicated in a riot at Hereford in i344.('') Occurs 
as a debtor for 1,000 marks to Sir Ralph Spigurnell, 11 Feb. 1357/8. C") 
He granted the manor of Lower Hayton to John de Fallesleye for life and 



(») Ch. Inq. p. VI. (on William de Mortimer of Ham), Edw. II, file 10, no. 2. 

C') " Galfridus de Cornubia." Writ of diem d. txt. i June 9 Edw. III. Inq., 
COS. Salop, Worcester, 26 June and 6 July 1335. " Ricardus de Cornubia filiusdicti 
Galfridi est propinquior heres ipsius Galfridi ct fuit etatis viginti duorum annorum ad 
festum sancte Trinitatis proximo preteritum." Inq., Essex, 2 Oct. 1335. Heir, 
aged 23 and more, as before. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 42, no. 12: Excli. 
Inq. p. m., I, file 8, no. 14). 

(■=) " Willclmus de Everois." Writ of diem cl. txt. 6 Mar. 1 1 Edw. III. Inq., 
Salop, 12 Apr. 1337. "Willelmus de Everois filius predict! Willelmi de Everois est 
propinquior heres ejusdem Willelmi et fuit etatis viginti et duorum annorum et 
amplius ad festum Omnium Sanctorum ultimo preteritum." Inq., co. Hereford, 
2 Apr. 1337. Heir, aged 22 and more, as before. He held the manors of Holme 
Lacy, Stoke Lacy, and Frome Haymonds, 1 1 fees, and Lawton, J fee, co. Hereford, 
and Lower Hayton, Salop, I fee, all of the Earl of March. Other Inq., concerning 
the lands which he had held as husband of the said Margaret, viz., the manors of 
Amberden, Essex, and Burford and Stapleton, Salop, 14 Mar. 1336/7, 19 and 20 May 
1337. (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. Ill, file 50, no. 22). 

(■*) Ch. Inq. p. m. (on Hugh de Mortimer of Richard's Castle), Edw. I, file i 13, 
no. 2. See Mortimer of Richard's Castle. 

(') By a fine, levied in the octaves of the Purification 13 Edw. Ill, Thomas de 
Hulhampton and Margaret his wife quitclaimed to William Deveroys, for themselves 
and the heirs of Margaret, all their right in the manors of Frome Haymonds, Holme 
Lacy, and Stoke Lacy, for ;^200. {Feet of Fines, case 82, file 40, no. 89). Margaret 
and her 2nd husband had been jointly enfeoffed of these manors. 

" Margareta que fuit uxor Galfridi de Cornewaille." Writs of diem cl. exf. 
to the escheators in cos. Essex, Hereford, Worcester, Devon, Salop, and Leicester, 
25 Dec. [Fine Roll, 19 Edw. Ill, m. 15). 

(8) De Banco, Mich., 14 Edw. Ill, m. 591. He stated that William Deveroys 
chr. gave the manor to WiUiam his s. in tail general, whence the right descended 
to John s. and h. of William s. of WiUiam, to WiUiam s. and h. of John, and to 
himself, the plaintiff, s. and h. of the last-named WiUiam. 

(•>) Patent Roll, i8 Edw. Ill, p. 2, m. 12 d: Close Roll, 32 Edw. Ill, m. 23 d. 

39 



3o6 DEVEROIS 

a year longer, but afterwards altered the terms of his grant, by deed dated 
Monday after SS. Peter and Paul 45 Edw. Ill [30 June i37i]-(*) 



5. Sir William Deverose, of Holme Lacy, Stoke Lacy, and Frome 
HaymondsjC") s. and h. Knight of the Shire for co. Hereford, Oct. 1383. 
He OT., istly, Isabel de la Have. He w., 2ndly, Elizabeth, da. and h. of 
. . . Clodeshale, of Castle Frome, co. Hereford, by Joan, sister and h. 
of Gilbert de Lacy. He d. before 25 Oct. 1385. (") His widow w., before 
17 Mar. 1387/8, Sir Thomas de Aston, of Haywood, co. Stafford. ('^) 

By his 1st wife he had two sons, William and John, who were both 
living in Nov. 1388. (*) By his 2nd wife he had an only child, her mother's 
heir, Margaret, who m. Miles Waters, of Clifford, co. Hereford, and was 
living in 1439.0 Nothing further can here be said of his descendants. 



DEVEREUX DE FERRERS 

See "Ferrers" (of Chartley), Barony by writ of 1299, under the 
2nd (1461-85) Lord. 



(*) Deed enrolled on Cloie Roll, 45 Edw. Ill, m. 20 d. There is no evidence 
as to when the William who was born in 13 14 died, and this grant may have been 
made by his son. 

C") In the inquisitions taken after the death of Roger, Earl of March, in 1398, 
it is stated that William Deveroys (or Deverous) held of him Frome Haymonds, Stoke 
Lacy, Holme Lacy, and Lower Hayton. But these lists of tenants, as is usually 
the case, are not made up to date, and contain the names of tenants then long since 
dead. The foregoing, consequently, refers to the William who d. between 1383 
and 1385, or else to his father. 

if) Grants to Simon de Bureley of the manor of Castle Frome, the inheritance 
of Elizabeth Clodeshale, late the wife of William Deverose kt., taken into the King's 
hand because she conspired to murder Thomas Zeduyn, the King's Esquire: 25 Oct. 
1385 and 26 June 1386. {Patent Rolls, 9 Ric, II, p. i, m. 20; 10 Ric. II, 
p. I, m. 38). 

("*) Pardon to Thomas de Aston kt., of co. Stafford, and Elizabeth Cloddeshale his 
wife, for the murder of Thomas Jeddefen at Jeddefen (Edvin Loach), co. Hereford, 
on Wednesday after Michaelmas 9 Ric. II: 17 Mar. 1387/8. {Patent Roll, 

11 Ric. 11,/. 2, m. 17). Cf. Ch. Misc. Inq., file 236, no. 55. 

(') Pardon to William and John, sons of Isabel Haye, alias sons of William 
Deverose kt., for having murdered Thomas Jeddefen: 28 Nov. 1388. {Patent Roll, 

12 Ric. II, p. I, m. 5). 

(') These particulars, and the statement that Elizabeth Clodeshale's mother, 
Joan, was sister and h. of Gilbert de Lacy, occur in a claim, after 1439, to Cressage, 
Salop, the said Margaret Waters being one of the claimants. (Eyton, Salop, vol. vi, 
P- 315)- 



DE VESCI 307 

DE VESCI OF ABBEY LEIX 

VISCOUNTCY [I.] I. Thomas Vesey, only surv. s. and h. of John 
Denny (Vesey), ist Baron Knapton [I. 1750], by 

I. 1776. Elizabeth, da. of William Brownlow, of Lurgan, co. 

Armagh; ed. at the Univ. of Dublin; Lieut, in Lord 
Drogheda's Horse; sue. his father in the Barony of Knapton [I.] 25 July 
1761, taking his seat 22 Oct. following. On 19 July I776,(") he was cr. 
VISCOUNT DE VESCI C) OF ABBEY LEIX, Queen's Co. [I.], 
taking his seat 11 Mar. 1778. He m., 24 Apr. 1769, Selina Elizabeth.C^) 
I St da. and coh. of the Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur Brook.e, Bart. [1. 1764], by 
Margaret, da. of Thomas Fortescue, of Randalstown, co. Louth. He d. 
13 Oct. 1804, at Abbey Leix. Will pr. 1804, Prerog. Ct. [I.]. 

II. 1804. 2. John (Vesev), Viscount DE Vesci OF Abbey Leix, 

&'c. [I.], I St s. and h., b. 15 Feb. 1771, in Kildare Str., 
Dublin; M.P. for Maryborough 1796-97; Lord Lieut, of Queen's Co. 
1831-55. Rep. Peer [I.] 1839-5 5. C^) ^^ '"■> -5^"g- 1800, at her mother's 
house in Merrion Sq., Dublin, Frances Letitia, 5th da. of his great-uncle 
(the br. of his grandmother, Baroness Knapton), the Rt. Hon. William 
Brownlow, of Lurgan, co. Armagh, by his 2nd wife, Catherine, da. of 
Roger Hall, of Mount Hall, co. Down. She d. 6 June 1 840, at Kingstown. 
He d. 19 Oct. 1855, aged 84, at Portaferry, co. Down. 

III. 1855. 3. Thomas (Vesey), Viscount de Vesci of Abbey 

Leix, id'c. [I.], ist s. and h., k 21 Sep. 1803, in Merrion 
Sq., Dublin; ed. at Ch. Ch., Oxford, B.A. 2nd class math. 1825; Sheriff of 
Queen's Co. 1827; M.P. (Conservative) for Queen's Co. 1835-37 and 
1841-52.0 Rep. Peer [I.] 1857-75. He m., 19 Sep. 1839, at Wilton, 
Wilts, Emma, 5th and yst. da. of George Augustus (Herbert), iith 
Earl of Pembroke, by his 2nd wife, Catherine, da. of Simon, Count 
WoRONZow, in Russia. He d". 23 Dec. 1875, aged 72, at 6 Carlton 



(*) For the profuse creations and promotions in the Irish Peerage, see vol. iii, 
Appendix H. V.G. 

C") See p. 37, note " b," sub De Grey, for examples of "modern antiques" (of 
the 1 8th and 19th centuries) in the way of Peerage titles with the prefix " De." 
When recommending him for a Viscountcy, Earl Harcourt writes: " Lord Knapton 
was formerly in the army. He is a man of very respectable character, and has 
particularly distinguished himself in the suppression of the disturbances occasioned by 
the ' White Boys.^ " G.E.C. and V.G. 

('=) "Serena" Holroyd, in a letter of 19 June 1797, writes: " A more charm- 
ing woman never existed. She was a blessing miles round her, with everything in 
herself sensible, pleasing, elegant, and amiable." V.G. 

(<^) He was a Conservative and voted against the Repeal of the Corn Laws, but 
his name rarely occurs in divisions. V.G. 

(*■) He "generally voted at his party's call." V.G. 



3o8 DE VESCI 

House Terrace, Midx., and was bur. at Abbey Leix. Will pr. in the 
Kilkenny district, 19 Feb. 1876, under ;{,"2 5,000. His widow, who was b. 
23 Aug. 1819, (i. 10 Oct. 1884, at Muntham Court, Worthing, Sussex, 
aged 65. 

IV. 1875. 4- John Robert William (Vesey), Viscount de 

Vesci of Abbey Leix [I. 1776], Baron Knapton 
BARONY [U.K.] [I. 1750], and a Bart. [I. 1698], ist s. and h., b. 
J „„ 21 May 1844, in St. James's Place, Midx. Lieut. 

+• Coldstream Guards 1863; Capt. 1866; Adjutant 1871; 

Lieut. Col. 1876; retired 1883; established his right to 
vote at elections of Rep. Peers [L] 23 Feb. 1876. Lord Lieut, of Queen's 
Co. 1883-1900. On 8 Nov. 1884 he, being a Liberal,Q was cr. BARON 
DE VESCI OF ABBEY LEIX, in Queen's County [U.K.]. He w., 
4 June 1872, at St. James's, Westm., Evelyn, istda. of Francis (Wemyss- 
Charteris-Douglas), Earl of Wemyss [S.], by Anne Frederica, da. of 
Thomas William (Anson), ist Earl of Lichfield. He d. s.p.m.,Q') 
6 July 1903, of paralysis, at Abbey Leix, aged 59, when the Barony [U.K.] 
became (?a;//«<:/, but the Irish Barony devolved on his nephew,(') who, having 
sue. after 22 Jan. 1901, is outside the scope of this work. Will pr. 
Dec. 1903, gross ;^44,ooo, net nil. His widow, who was ^.27 Aug. 1849, 
at 64 Queen Str., Edinburgh, was living 191 6. 

Family Estates. — These, in 1883, consisted of 15,069 acres in Queen's 
Co., 818 in CO. Cork, 420 in co. Dublin (this last being worth ;^ 31,713(1) a 
year), and 375 in Kent. Total, 16,682 acres, worth (including the ;^3i,7i3) 
;^45,2i4 a year.C) Principal Residence. — Abbeyleix House, Queen's Co. 

D E V O N (■=) 



Baldwin fitz Gilbert, Seigneur deMeules and du Sap in Normandy, 
Lord of Okehampton, Devon, s. of Gilbert, called Crispin, Count of 
Brionne in Normandy, which Gilbert was s. of Godfrey, Count of 
Brionne and Eu, an illegitimate s. of Richard I, Duke of the 



(*) Two years later, when Gladstone gave way to the demand for Home Rule, 
he remained a Unionist. He was one of the numerous peers who have been directors 
of public companies, for a list of whom (in 1896) see vol. v, Appendix C. V.G. 

C") His only child, Mary Gertrude, b. 10 Apr. 1889, w., 20 Oct. 1910, the 
Hon. Aubrey N. H. M. Herbert. 

(') Ivo Richard Vesey, ^.15 Dec. 188 1. He served in the great War, 191 4 — , 
as Capt. Irish Guards. His two brothers also served, (i) Osbert Eustace Vesey, 
Capt. Westminster Dragoons (Yeomanry); (2) Thomas Eustace Vesey, Capt. Irish 
Guards, wounded Nov. 1914. For a list of peers and sons of peers who served in 
this war, see vol. viii, Appendix F. V.G. 

(^) The Dublin estate is held jointly with the Earl of Longford, and on it part 
of the township of Kingstown has been built. V.G. 

(') This article, down to the year 1293, "^ ^7 G. W. Watson. V.G. 



DEVON 309 



Normans. After the death of his father (who was murdered by the sons 
of Giroie), he and his br., Richard (ancestor of the family of Clare), took 
refuge at the Court of the Count of Flanders. Duke William after- 
wards restored to Baldwin, Meules and Sap, and to Richard, Bienfaite 
and Orbec, portions of their father's lands. Baldwin received from the 
Conqueror some 160 lordships in Devon, Hemington, Porlock, and 
Apley, Somerset, and Iwerne, Dorset: Okehampton was the capital seat 
of his barony. He was Sheriff of Devon, 1080-1086, and probably till 
his death. (") He tn. Emma [or Auberee], first cousin, or niece, of 
King William !.('') He d. in I090.('') 

William fitz Baldwin, Lord of Okehampton, Sheriff of Devon in 
I096,(^) s. and h. [i.e., heir to the barony of Okehampton, but his br., 
Robert, was perhaps the eldest son]. He d. s.p. 

Richard fitz Baldwin, Lord of Okehampton, Sheriff of Devon, 
br. and h. (or eventually h.). He founded an Abbey at Brightley, Devon, 
and dying s.p., was bur. there 25 June ii37.(') His body was trans- 
ferred to Ford, when the Abbey was removed to that place, a few vears 
later.(') 

Richard de Reviers, Seigneur de Reviers, Vernon, and Ninoc, 
in Normandy. (') His parentage is unknown, but he has been conjectured 



(*) He witnessed the Conqueror's charter of foundation of the Abbey of Lessay, 
14 July 1080, as "Baldwinus vicecomes Essecestre." In Domesday he is called 
Baldwin of Exeter, or Baldwin the Sheriff. 

(*>) Robert fitz Baldwin is made to say by Ordericus (lib. viii, cap. 13) that 
Duke William gave Meules and Sap to the said Baldwin, with his (the Conqueror's) 
aunt's da. {filiam amite sue) to wife : Ordericus adds that Baldwin's sons were Robert, 
William, and Richard (and Viger, a bastard). The Chron. of Tintern [Monaiticon, 
vol. V, p. 269) mentions these 3 sons (placing William first), and 3 daughters. " Bald- 
winus de Brioniis . . . Albredam neptem domini Willelmi bastardi nobilissimi Duels 
Normannie duxit in uxorem : ex qua dictus Baldwinus genuit inter alios unum filium 
dictum Ricardum et unam filiam nuncupatam Adeliciam." [Chron. of Ford, in 
Monasticon, vol. v, p. 377). Charter of Henry II, confirming to the Abbey of Bee, 
"De dono Willelmi filii Baldewini in Angiia Cuwic et Exewic ... Ex dono Emme 
uxoris Baldewini filii Comitis Gileberti et filiorum ejus Roberti et Ricardi manerium 
quod vocatur Bradeford' in Devon' . . . De dono Ricardi filii Baldewini Cristenestowe.'" 
[Impeximus on Charter Roll, 12 Hen. Ill, m. ii). Baldwin son of Count Gilbert, and 
Emma his wife, occur in a charter to the Abbey of La Trinit^ at Caen. (R.O. 
Transcripts, ii, no. 140 B, vol. iii, p. 195). 

(') This is implied by Ordericus, lib. viii, cap. 17. 

[^) Monasticon, vol. ii, p. 497 ; vol. iii, p. 377. His br., Robert, was living at 
Christmas iioi. (Round, Feudal England, p. 472). 

(') Chron. of Ford. He d. in 1 136, according to R. de Monte, p. 131- His 
successor in the shrievalty was his sister, Adelise. 

Reviers, on the Seulles, in the Bessin : Vernon, on the Seine, in the Vexin 
normand : N^hou, near St. Sauveur le Vicomte, in the Cotentin. 



3IO DEVON 



to have been s. and h. of William de Vernon.(') In Domesday he appears 
as the possessor of a single manor, Mosterton in Dorset. It has been 
erroneously considered that he was created Earl of Devon by Henry I.C") 
The authorities for this are the statements made in two monastic 
chronicles. (') There is, however, abundant charter evidence that he never 
styled himself an Earl, that his wife in her widowhood never styled 
herself a Countess, and that none of their children, nor their grandchildren, 
ever so styled them. He was the founder (in the technical sense of the 



(^) It appears from a charter of Henry I to the canons of Breamore [Inspeximus 
on Charter Roll^ 6 Edw. Ill, tn. 24) that Richard's son, Baldwin, had an uncle [avun- 
culus) Hugh, who [if by avunculus is meant patruus'\ may be the Hugh dc Redever'ts 
mentioned in a memorandum of La Trinit^ at Caen, and also the Hugh mentioned as 
son of William de Vernon in a document (of date about 1067) in the cartulary of La 
Trinit^at Rouen, signed by William Vernonensis and Emma his wife (Round, Calendar, 
nos. 424, 82). In the register of Carisbrooke [Monastlcon, vol. vii, p. 1041) it is said 
that Richard de Reviers was nepos of William fitz Osborn, after whose death (his sons 
John and Richard having d. v.p.) the Isle of Wight was inherited by the said Richard, 
tunc Comes Exonie. So that this Richard may have been son of William de Vernon, 
by Emma, sister of William fitz Osborn. The continuator of William of Jumieges 
states that a niece of Gunnor the wife of Duke Richard was married to Osmund de 
Centumvillis, Vicomte de Vernon, and was mother of xht first Fulk de Aneto and of 
the mother of the/n/ Baldwin de Reviers. 

C") By Planche, who considered that he had refuted the contrary opinion held by 
Stapleton. Though, on a question of this sort, it would hardly be necessary to 
examine the evidence in order to decide which of these two was in the right, Planche 
has been followed by many subsequent writers : but not, of course, by J. H. Round. 

('^) " Rex Henricus . . . Ricardo de Redveriis primo Tiverton ac postea honorem 
de Plimton . . . contulit in comitemque Devon' tercium denarium annui exitus ejusdem 
comitatus illi concedendo eum consequenter creavit . . . Post hec insulam Vecte a 
dicto Rege obtinuit unde Comes Devon' et dominus Insule nuncupatus erat." [Chron. 
of Ford). " Henricus Rex . . . fecit quemdam Ricardum de Redveriis Comitem 
Devonie et ei hereditario jure hujus ville totum contulit feodum cum hac christi 
ecclesia Postea dictus Ricardus dedit eandem christi ecclcsiam cuidam clerico suo Petro 
de Oglandes." {Cartulary of Twynham, Cotton MSS., Tiber., D6, f. 194V — now 
vol. ii, f. 3IV). But the text of the charter by which Richard made this donation, 
" after " he was thus " created Earl of Devon," still exists : — " Omnibus . . . Ricardus 
de Redveriis salutem Sciatis quod postquam placuit domino meo nobili Regi Anglorum 
Henrico dare michi ecclesiam de Cristeschercheia dedi eam et ista carta mea confirmavi 
cuidam clerico meo Petro de Oglandis." {Cartulary, f. 13). The compiler of the 
cartulary has actually headed this charter "Carta Ricardi de Redveriis senioris 
Comitis Devon'." The evidence Planch6 most relied on was the following {Cartulary, 
f. 93) : — " Adeliz de Redveriis . . . Sciat . . . me . . . dedisse ecclesiam meam de 
Thorleia ecclesie sancte Trinitatis de Twynham . . . Feci autem banc donacionem 
meam concedente Ricardo Comite herede et nepote meo pro salute nostra et pro salute 
animarum domini mei Ricardi Comitis de Redveriis et filii mei Comitis Baldewini." 
As to which it is sufficient to observe that the first Comitis must have been interpolated 
by the transcriber, for Adelise would not have described her husband as Comes without 
calling herself Comitissa. 



DEVON ^ 



word) of the Abbey of Montebourg.('') He m. Adelise, da. of William 
Peverel of Nottingham, the elder, by Adeline, his wife.C") He d. 
8 Sep. 1 107,(') and was bur. in the Abbey of Montebourg. His widow 
survived her eldest son, Baldwin, and il. 27 May, 1 156 or later. 



EARLDOM. I. Baldwin de Reviers, s. and h. of Richard de 

, Reviers above-named. ('') On the rumour of the King's 

■^ ■ death, in Apr. 1 136, he was one of the first to break into 

revolt. Seizing the royal castle of Exeter, he sustained 

a long siege by the King, and was ultimately allowed to withdraw his forces 

(*) The Abbey was actually founded by the Conqueror [fundator originalis). 
Richard restored to it some lands of which it had been deprived, and made fresh grants. 
He was therefore esteemed the founder, and on his tombstone were engraved the words, 
RIG . . . DE reviers' FVNDATOR {Mtm. Soc. Antiq. Norm., vol. ii, p. 36). 

C>) They had four children, viz., (i) Earl Baldwin, (2) William, Seigneur de 
V^ernon, who m. Lucy, da. of William de Tancarville, the Chamberlain, (3) Robert 
de Ste. Mere-Eglise, and (4) Hawise, wife of William, Earl of Roumare. 
"Henrico dei gracia nobilissimo Regi Anglorum sue karissimo domino et venerabili 
patri suo Henrico episcopo Wyntonie omnibusque fidclibus tam presentibus quam 
futuris Hadewysia Comitissa de Rumara salutem in christo Notum sit vobis quod 
ego inspirante deo dedi partem mariagii mei scilicet terram de Bera et de Chevetona 
cum omnibus appendiciis suis ecclesie sancte Trinitatis de Twynham et canoiiicis 
regularibus in eadem ecclesia . . . Hoc autem feci pro salute anime mee et pro anima 
domini mei Willelmi Comitis de Rumara filiique mei Willelmi de Rumara et pro 
anima cari fratris mei Baldwini Comitis qui dedit mihi terras illas in franc mariagium 
quando me desponsari fecit predicto nobili viro domino meo Willelmo de Rumara 
et pro salute Willelmi de Rumara nepotis et heredis mei et fratris sui Robert! et pro 
animabus patris mei Ricardi de Redvers et Adeliz matris mee et nobilis nepotis mei 
Ricardi Comitis et pro salute fratrum meorum Willelmi de Vernoun et Roberti de 
sancte Marie ecclesia et nepotis mei Willelmi de Vernoun et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorum meorum." {Cartulary of Twynham, f. 6iv). For a series of charters, 
dealing with the gift by Adelise to the Abbey of Montebourg of the manor of Woolley, 
Berks, see Appendix I to this volume, Peverel of Nottingham. 

if) iioj. (Ordericus, lib. xi, cap. 32). "8 Sep. Ricardus de Reveriis." 
"27 Mali. Alicia de Reveriis." {Obituary of Montebourg, in Recueil des Hist., 
vol.xxiii, p. 553). 

{^) (i) "Baldewinus de Redveriis omnibus . . . salutem Sciatis me . . . con- 
cessisse . . . Hyllario decano et ceteris omnibus in christi ecclesia de Twynham 
deo servientibus . . . omnes . . . et omnia . . . ita plene libere et quiete sicut 
Rex Henricus patri meo Ricardo de Redveriis plenius et liberius habere concessit 
quando ei primum hereditario iure habendum totum contulit feodum ipsam videlicet 
christescherchiam de Twynham . . ." {Cartulary of Twynham, f. 13; Impeximui on 
Charter Roll, 7 Edw. II, m. 9). (ii) " Baldewynus de Redveriis Comes Devon' et 
Ricardus filius et hcres ejus . . . Concessimus . . . canonicis [christi ecclesie] quic- 
quid tenuit prefata ecclesia in die qua Rex Henricus dedit earn Ricardo seniori de 
Redveriis predecessor! nostro . . . Hiis testibus Lucia Comitissa Henrico de 
Redveriis et Willelmo fratie ejus . . ." {Cartulary of Twynham, {. I 3v). (iii) " Anno 
. . . m°.c''.l°. ego S. Rex Anglorum concedo et confirmo introduccionem canonicorum 



312 DEVON 

on giving up the castle. (*) The King then proceeded to the Isle of Wight, 
took possession of the island, and drove him, with his wife and children, 
into exile. (") He took refuge at the Court of the Count of Anjou, and 
soon afterwards conducted a successful raid into Normandy.(*) About Lent 
1 138 he was taken prisoner in Normandy by Enguerrand de Say, a partisan 
of King Stephen. (^) He returned to England in the autumn of 1139, 
shortly before the arrival of the Empress Maud, and, landing at Wareham, 
seized the castle of Corfe.(*) This he defended successfully against the 
King, forcing him eventually to raise the siege. (') By the Empress he 
was created EARL OF DEVON, probably in 1141, and certainly before 
Midsummer in that year.C") He m. Adelise.('=) He d. 4 June 1155, and 
was bur. (as was his said wife) in Quarr Abbey,(^) which he had founded 
in 1132.C) 

II. 1155- 2. Richard (de Reviers), Earl OF Devon, Lord OF 

THE Isle of Wight, s. and h.(') Sheriff of Devon, 

regularium in ecclesiam christi de Twynham factam a venerabili patre H. Wynton' 
episcopo et Balduwino Comite Devon' et Ricardo filio ejus et Hilario decano 
et concede . . . terram ... ex dono Ricardi de Redveriis . . ." [Cartulary of 
Twynham, f. 1 4V; Inspeximus on Charter Roll, 7 Edw. II, m. 7). (iv) " Ego Balduinus 
Comes Exonic . . . concessi . . . deo et abbacie sancte Marie Montisburgi et monachis 
ibi deo servientibus omnes donaciones quas ipsis fecit Ricardus de Reveriis pater meus 
in Anglia liberas et quietas . . ." (R.O. Transcripts, ii, no. 140 B, vol. ii, p. 186). 
(v) " Ego Baldewinus de Reveriis Exoniensis Comes filio meo Ricardo concedente pro 
anima mea et uxoris mee Adelize et patris mei Ricardi et matris mee Adelize necnon et 
nobilissimi Henrici Regis qui terram patri meo dedit . . . ecclesiam de Tuivertona . . . 
monasterio sancti Jacobi Apostoli quod juxta civitatem [Exon'] contra austrum . . . 
situm est . . . dedi . . ." {Monasticon, vol. v, p. 107). 

if) Gesta Stephani, pp. 21-30, 53 : Ordericus, lib. xiii, cap. 36. 

(*>) A charter of the Empress, which passed just before Midsummer, is attested 
by " Comite B." (Round, Geoffrey de Mandeville, pp. 88-95). 

(') The pedigree of the Earls of Devon in the Cartulary of Twynham (f. 1 94V, 
now vol. ii, f. 3IV) makes the certainly erroneous statement that Earl Baldwin was 
father of Earl Richard, of William de Vernon, of Henry, and of Hawise de Reviers, 
"ex Lucia Comitissa uxore sua." 

(^) " Hie Comes Baldwinus primus tres filios, videlicet Ricardum Henricum et 
Willelmum habuit, ac tandem anno domini mclv secundo nonas Junii mortuus apud 
Quareram, ubi uxor sua Adelicia et dictus filius suus Henricus in juventute defunctus 
quiescunt, sepulturam accepit." [Chron. of Ford). " 4 Jun. Obiit Baldewinus 
Comes." {Obituary of Lyre, in Recueil des Hist., vol. xxiii, pp. 470-475). 

(*) "Ego Ricardus Comes Exonie Comitis Baldwini filius concedo et confirmo 
elemosinam quam pater meus concedente Henrico venerabili Anglorum Rege dedit 
deo et sancte Virgini et domino Gaufrido abbati de Savinneio in Insula de Wict terram 
scilicet ad edificandum cenobium manerium scilicet Aretone." [Monasticon, vol. v, 
p. 316). The date of the foundation of the Abbey of Quarr, propria filia of the 
Abbey of Savigny, was " M°c°xxxn°. v°. kal. Maii," according to an ancient in- 
ventory of the mother abbey. [Mem. Soc. Ant. Norm., vol. xx, p. 270). 

(*) (i) " Ego Ricardus de Redveriis filius Baldewini Comitis Exonie . . . concedo 
perpetuo jure in elemosina habenda abbacie sancte Marie Montisburgi quam pater meus 



DEVON 313 

1155-57. He m. Denise, da. and coh. of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall, 
by . . ., da. and h. of William fitz Richard. He d. 21 or 27 Apr. 
ii62.(*) His wife survived him-C") Both were bur. in Christ Church, 
Twynham. 

III. 1 162. 3. Baldwin (de Reviers), Earl of Devon, Lord of 

THE Isle of Wight, s. and h.,^ a minor at his father's 
death. He appears to have been invested with the Earldom in 11 85 or 
ii86.('^) He m. Denise, da. and h. of Raoul, last Prince de Deols 
{i.e., du Bas Berry),(°) Seigneur de Chateauroux in Berry, by Agnes 
(heiress of the castle and ch^tellenie of Meillant), da. of Ebbes V, Seigneur 

multum dilexit et quam Ricardus de Redveriis avus meus fundavit maneria de Lodres de 
Axemuha et de Wicha . . . Prefatam abbaciam multum diligo et ipsos monachos 
tum quia avus meus illam fundavit turn quia ipse ibi jacet multique antecessores 
et amici mei . . ." (Printed in Delisle's edit, of R. de Monte, vol. i, p. 338, note), 
(ii) Charter of "Ricardus de Redveriis Comes De\on'," dated 1161, to the 
canons of Christ Church of Twynham, "quos Baldewynus Comes pater meus et ego 
... in eandem christi ecclesiam primo introduximus . . . Testibus Henrico et 
Willelmo fratribus meis . . ." {Cartulary of Tiuynham, f. 13V; Inspeximus on Charter 
Roll, 1 Edw. II, m. 9). (iii) " Ego Ricardus Devonie Comes universitati vestre notum 
fieri volo quod pro remedio anime mee et uxoris mee Dionisic meorumque parentum 
defunctorum videlicet patris mei Baldewini Comitis et matris mee Adeline necnon et 
nobilissimi Henrici Regis qui terram antecessoribus meis dedit . . . donacionem pie 
memorie patris mei Baldewini Comitis Devon' de terris Walter! cum capella sancti 
Jacobi extra civitatem Exon' sita quam fecit monachis Clun' ibidem deo . . . servien- 
tibus . . . concessi et inrevocabiliter confirmavi . . ." {Memoranda Roll, K.R., 
2 Hen. IV, m. I5d). 

(*) "Ricardus de Revers dominus Insule Vecte in Anglia moritur relinquens ex 
filia Rainaldi Comitis Cornubie parvulum filium nomine Balduinum." (R. de Monte, 
ad annum Z Wen. \l). "21 Apr. Ricardus Comes." {Obituary of Lyre). "27 Apr. 
Ricardus secundus Comes de Reveriis." {Obituary of Montebourg). He received 
^1% ts. 8d. numero each year from the third penny of co. Devon from 2 to 8 Hen. II, 
and not afterwards. {P'pi Rolls). 

C") "Et debet xx li. et vi s. et viij d. blancorum que remanent super Cassewell' 
quam Comitissa Dionisa tenuit." {Pipe Roll, 26 Hen. II, p. 89). 

(') (i) " Ego Comes Baldewinus de Redveriis filius Ricardi Comitis dedi . . . deo 
et canonicis christi ecclesie de Twynham illam virgatam terre ... in manerio meo de 
Limynton' . . . Hiis testibus Ricardo fratre meo . . ." (ii) " Ego Comes Baldewynus 
de Redveriis filius Ricardi Comitis concessi . . . donaciones et confirmaciones quas 
antecessores mei scilicet Comes Baldewynus avus meus et Ricardus Comes pater meus 
fecerunt ecclesie sancte Trinitatis de Twynham." {Cartulary of Twynham, fF. 82, 22). 

C^) He is called Baldewinui de Redven in the Pipe Roll of 31 Hen. II, and 
Comes Baldewinus de Redvers in that of 32 Hen. II. 

{^) In II 76 Raoul, last Prince of Dtels, qui erat ditissimus baronum Regis Anglic 
in Berria, died, leaving an only da. and h., aged 3 years. In Oct. 1177 Henry II 
took Chateauroux from those who were withholding the lands and the heiress, and 
sent her to Chinon. (Benedictus, vol. i, pp. 127, 132, 195: Cf. R. de Diceto, 
vol. i, p. 425). The lands of her inheritance were said to be worth as much as the 
whole of Normandy. (R. de Monte, p. 274.). 

40 



314 DEVON 

DE Charenton, in that province. (") He d. s.p., lo or 28 May iiSS-C") 
His widow, who was aged 3 years in 1 176, m., in Aug. 1 189, at Salisbury, 
in the presence of Richard I and of Queen Alianore, Andre de Chau- 
viGNY,(') a Poitevin, afterwards a celebrated crusader.('^) He was one of 
those taken prisoners by King John at Mirebeau in Poitou, early in the 
morning of i Aug. 1202, when the King relieved that place. (") He was 
still living 30 Aug. following,('') but d. the same yearjO being probably 
starved to death (like many others captured at the same time) in the 
King's dungeons, at Corfe or at Windsor.(8) His widow, who lost the lands 
in England which she had in dower from her ist husband,(^) d. in I22I,Q 
and was bur. in the Church of Deols. 

(*) " In civitate Bituricas . . . erat archiepiscopus vir nobilis et religiosus Henricus. 
Hujus itaque frater Odo cantor Bituricensis in episcopum Parisiensem . . . eligitur. 
Erant isti duo fratres Egidii de Soileio, nepotes magiii Theobald! Comitis, quorum 
soror Radulfo filio Ebonis de oppido de Dolis peperit matrem Guillelmi de Chavigni, 
qui per earn factus est dominus de Castro Radulfi." [Chron. Alberici Trium Fontium 
monachi, ad annum 1 196). This statement is followed by La Thaumassi^re {Hht. 
lie Berry)yAnit\mc, and others, but it is erroneous. " Ego Guillermus de Calvigniaco 
dominus Castri Radulphi . . . Domina Agnes avia mea maritata fuit domino 
Radulpho avo meo cum castello et castellania de Mellant quod dominus Ebo de 
Carentonio pater ejusdem domine dedit ei in maritagio . . . Actum anno Domini 
M°cc°xvi° mense aprilis." {Cartul. des Sully, Archives du Cher, p. 176 — Raynal, 
Hist, du Berry, vol. ii. p. 43). 

(*>) In 1 1 88 according to the Annalei de JVaverleia, p. 245, where he is called 
Baldewinui Comes Cornuhie [j/c] consanguineus Regis (his mother being a granddaughter 
of Henry I). "10 Maii. Baldevinus Comes." {Obituary of Lyre). "28 Mail. 
Comes Baldoinus." {Obituary of Montebourg). 

if) "McLxxxix, Aug. [Ricardus Dux] venit ... ad civitatem Sarisbiriensem, 
ubi dedit cuidam militi suo nomine Andree de Chavenni filiam Radulfi de Dols cum 
Castro Radulfi et honore de Berri ad castrum illud pertinente, que quondam fuerat 
uxor Comitis Baldewini de Rivers, ct fecit eos desponsari a Gileberto Rofensi episcopo 
in presencia Alienore Reginc, i^c." (Benedictus, vol. ii, p. 76). There was some 
defect in this marriage, and it was established by a decree of Pope Innocent III, 
ii non. Junii 1202. (Migne, Patrologia Cursus, vol. ccxiv, col. 1019-20). 

{^) See the Itinerarium Regis Ricardi. Queen Alianore, in her grant to him in 
1 199 of the fee of Ste. Severe in Berry, calls him karissimo amico et consanguineo nostra. 
{Trhor des Chartes, J 628 — Angleterre, I — no. 5, Orig. sealed). 

(') King John's letter (Coggeshale, pp. 137-8): Patent Roll, 4 Joh., m. 9. 

(') " Mccii. Obiit Andreas dc Calveniaco, optimus miles, sponsus Dionysie, 
duodecimus dominus Castri Radulphi." {Chron. Dolense, in Labbe, Novae Bihl., 
vol. i, p. 315). 

(e) Twenty-two m Corfe Castle alone, according to the Annals of Margan. 

C") William, Earl of the Isle, made a fine of 500 marks for having seizin of his 
castle of Plympton, and of the manors of Moresk and Rillaton, which were of the 
inheritance of the Countess of Meulan and which she had granted him, and the manor 
of Crewkerne, which was the dowry of the Countess of Berry, and of his fee. 
{Fine Roll, 6 Joh., m. 8). 

(') "Mccxxi. Obiit Dionysia undecima domina Dolensis, uxor Andree de 
Calveniaco." {Chron. Dolense). 



DEVON 315 

IV. 1 188. 4. Richard (de Reviers), Earl of Dkvon, Lord of 

THE Isle of Wight, next br. and h. He m. Emma or 
Gieva, sister of Robert de Pont de l'Arche.('') He d. s.p., 19 Aug., in or 
before 1 193.('') 

\' . .''1193. 5. William (de Reviers, called D£ Vernon), ('') Earl 

of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight, uncle and h., 
being 3rd but only surviving s. of Baldwin, the ist Earl.('^) He tooic part in 
Richard's second Coronation, i 7 Apr. 1 194, being one of the four Earls who 
bore the Canopy.C") He was a consistent supporter of King John. He m. 
Mabirie, or Mabel, da. and h. of Robert de Beaumont, last Count of 
Meulan of that family,(') by Maud, da. and coh. of Reynold, Earl of 

(*) " H. del gracia Rex Angl' etc' Sciatis me ad peticionem Robert! de Ponte 
Arche concessisse . . . ecclesie Apostolorum Petri et Pauli de Pliiitoii' . . . totain 
terram de Niwetoii' . . . quia predictus Robertus de Ponte Arche assensu Matild' 
uxoris sue et heredum suorum dedit eis . . . quia Emma soror ejusdem Robert! sponsa 
R. dc River' Comitis Devon' eidem ecclesie . . . dederat." {Cart. Antiq., no. 24). 

C") "19 Aug. Ricardus de Reveriis tercius": " 10 Dec. Gieva uxor Ricardi de 
Reveriis [tercii — Recueildes Hist., vol. xxiii, p. 554, note]." {Obituary of Alontebourg). 
By charter dated at Portsmouth 28 Apr. (i 194) 5 Ric. I, the King gave to Earl William 
the third penny of co. Devon, in the same manner as his father, Earl B., and his brother. 
Earl R., had been wont to receive it. {Hiit. MSS. Com., 9th Report, part ii, p. 405). 
It is said that both the 3rd and 4th Earls were bur. in the Abbey of Montebourg. 

(') " Quia Vernone scholaris fuerat." {C /iron, of ford). 

{^) (i) " Baldewyno et Ricardo dilectissimis nepotibus suis et omnibus . . . 
VViUelmus de Vernoun salutem Sciatis me dedisse . . . ecclesiam de Pidelton' ecclesie 
sancte Trinitatis de Twynham." (ii) " Ego Willelmus de Redveriis Comes Devon' 
pro salute anime mee et Comitisse Mabilie uxoris mee et Baldewini de Redveriis 
filii mei . . . dedi . . . deoetchristi ecclesie de Twynham . . . totum manerium meum 
de Pideleton' . . . cum corpore meo." {Cartulary of Tivyn/iam, ff. 138, 141 v). 
(iii) " Universis . . . Willelmus de Redvers Comes Devon' salutem Sciatis me . . . 
concessisse . . . canonicis christi ecclesie de Twynham donaciones et concessiones 
quas Baldewinus pater meus et Ricardus frater meus ceterique predecessores mei eidem 
christi ecclesie fecerunt." {Cartu/ary of Twynham, f. 22v; Inspeximus on Clwrter Roll, 
7 Edw. II, m. 9). (iv) " Universis . . . Willelmus de Vernon Comes Devonie et filius 
Comitis Baldewini salutem Cognitum sit vobis . . . quod ego pro salute Regis Henrici 
et . . . pro salute anime mee et patris mei Comitis Baldewini et matris mee Adelicie 
Comitisse et fratris mei Comitis Ricardi et uxoris mee Mabilie Comitisse . . . dedi et 
concessi deo et beate Marie de Quarrara . . . ducentas acras terre in manerio meo de 
AVelega." {Monasticon, vol. v, p. 317). 

C) Hoveden, vol. iii, p. 248. 

(') " Notum sit omnibus presentibus et futuris quod ego Robertus Comes 
Mellenti me dimisi de omnibus terris meis tarn in Francia quam in Normannia et in 
Anglia ubicumque fuerint et illas omnes terras meas ubicumque fuerint cum omnibus 
pertinenciis quicumque illas teneat vel possideat ex toto reliqui Mabirie filie mee uxori 
Willelmi Comitis de Insula et ipsi tanquam heredi meo propinquiori hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi ut de illis integre faciat sicut de suis propriis et suis dominicis terris 
hominibus et redditibus ita quod in illis nichil reclamare potero in tota vita mea nisi 
per suam liberam voluntatem Ut hoc autem ratum et inconcussum futuris temporibus 



3i6 DEVON 

CoRNWALL.(") She was living i May 1204. He ^. 8 or 10 Sep. I2i7,('') 
and was bur. in Christ Church, Twynham (some say, at Tiverton). 

[Baldwin de Reviers, s. and h. ap., b. after 28 Apr. I200.(') He 
m. Margaret, da. and h. of Warin fitz Gerold, the King's Chamberlain, 
by Alice (to whom she was coh.), sister and h. of William de Curcy, and 
da. of another William de Curcy, both of Stogursey, Somerset, Irby, co. 
Lincoln, i^c. He d. i Sep. I2i6,('') aged 16 or less. His widow was 
immediately afterwards forced by King John (who d. 1 8 Oct.) to marry the 
notorious Faukes de Breaute, a Norman,(') at whose downfall, in 1224, 

perseveret presentem [paginam or cartam] sigilli mei munimine roboravi Actum [est] 
hoc anno domini m°CC° quarto die beatorum Apostolorum Philippi et Jacobi prima die 
Maii." (La Roque, Maison de Harcourt, vol. iv, preuves, p. 1 966, from the Cartulary 
of the Priory of Beaulieu). 

(») " Duxit autem idem Robertus [Comes Mellenti] filiam Rainaldi Comitis 
Cornubiensis." (R. de Monte, p. 227, ad annum n66). The Count appears to 
have had no other wife, though others have been attributed to him. Maud was un- 
doubtedly mother of the Countess of Devon. 

(•>) "Anno itaque sequenti [mccxvii] quarto idus Septembris." (fihron. of Ford). 
" Rex W. Briwerr' juniori salutem Sciatis quod W. Comes de Insula mortuus est 
sicut pro certo didicimus :" 12 Sep. {Patent Roll, i Hen. Ill, m. 3). " 8 Sep. Willel- 
mus Comes." {Obituary of Lyre). 

if) This date obviously demands ample proof, ^y his charter the King gave to 
Pierre de Preaux the islands of Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney, and 60 libratcs of land 
ill Alton [Hants], yc, to hold by the service of a fee of 3 knights, "donee comitatus 
de Insula deveniat ad eum cum filia et herede Willelmi Comitis de Insula quam eidem 
Petro concessimus vel quousque in alio maritagio ei ad grantum nostrum et suum pro- 
viderimus": 14 Jan. {Charter Roll, I Joh.,/>. 2, m. 28). The marriage here contemplated 
took place : Pierre was dead in 121 3, when his widow [Mary] had become the wife of 
Robert de Courtenay. On 28 Apr. 1200 the King confirmed a convention made 
between William de Vernon, Earl of Devon, and Hubert de Burgh, the Chamberlain, 
concerning the marriage of Joan, the Earl's yr. da., whom tiie Earl had given in 
marriage to Hubert : vi-z., " quod idem Comes assignavit filie sue priori natu capud 
honoris sui in Devon' cum castello de Plinton' cum esnescya et cum racionabili parte 
que earn contingit de hereditate sua Johanne vero filie sue juniori assignavit totam 
insulam de Wicth' et Cristeschirche cum racionabili parte que eam contingit de here- 
ditate sua ... Si vero contingat ipsum Comitem heredem masculum habere de uxore 
sua tunc remanebunt eidem Huberto Lx libratas terre et feudum decem militum in 
maritagium cum predicta Johanna in loco competenti." {Idem, ?n. 6). The marriage 
here arranged did not take place, and Joan married William Briwere the younger, who 
died s.p. in 1232/3, leaving her a widow. It is certain from the foregoing that Baldwin, 
s. and h. ap. of William de Vernon, was born after 28 Apr. 1200, and consequently 
that his s. and h., born previous to his death, i Sep. i 2 1 6, or at all events before 1 8 Oct. 
following, could not have been much more than 16 years younger than himself. 

C^) " Kalendas Septembris Mccxvi mortc prereptus est." {Chron. of Ford). 
" I Sep. Balduwinus filius Comitis Insule." {Obituary of Lyre). 

(») On 13 Nov. 1 2 16 the Sheriff of Somerset was ordered to give to Faukes de 
Breaut^ seizin of the manor of Stogurcey " quod contingit uxorem suam quam habet 
de dono patris domini Regis." On 30 Mar. 1 217/8 Faukes and Margaret were 



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3i8 DEVON 

she was captured, or rather rescued, on the surrender of Bedford Castle, 
14 Aug.(^) Directly after this she demanded that her marriage should be 
annulled, as she had been taken prisoner in time of war and married to 
Faukes without her consent. (*) He was sentenced to exile for ever, and 
was given letters of conduct, 26 Oct. 1224, to quit the realm as soon as 
possible: the Earl of Warenne being ordered to take him to the sea-coast, 
and, having put him on board ship, to commit him to the winds and the 
sails. Q He proceeded to Rome to obtain the Pope's assistance to recover 
his lands and his wife with her dower, and d. on his return thence, after 
II July 1226, at St. Cyriac in Languedoc.(') Margaret d. shortly before 
29 Sep. I252,('') and was bur. in the Church of the Grey Friars, London. ("=)] 

VI. 12 1 7. 6. Baldwin (de Reviers), Earl of Devon, Lord or 

THE Isle of Wight, grandson and h., being s. and h. of 
Baldwin de Reviers, by Margaret, his wife, both above-named. He was 
knighted by the King, and invested with the Earldom of Devon, 25 Dec. 
1239, at Winchester. C^) He accompanied the Earl of Cornwall to the 
Holy Land in June I240,('') and was with the King in Gascony in 1242.0 

assigned the honour and castle of Plympton and all the land which the Earl of the Isle 
had held in co. Devon, as her dower. Faukes was given the third penny of co. Devon, 
as the late Earl had been wont to receive it, 19 June 12 19. On 13 and 21 Mar. 
1223/4 he was ordered to give up the castle of Plympton, because " Certi enim 
sumus quod castrum illud est capud honoris Comitis Devonie in Devonia et hac racione 
non potest nee debet uxor vestra illud in dotem habere." [Close Rolls, i Hen. Ill, 
rn. 25; 3 Hen. Ill, m. 8: Patent Rolls, 2 Hen. Ill, ;w. 5 ; 8 Hen. Ill, mm. lO, 9). 

(») M. Paris, vol. iii, pp. 87, 94 : Annales de Dunstaplia, pp. 88-9 : Patent Roll, 
8 Hen. Ill, m. 2 : Papal Letters, vol. i, p. 11 2. 

C') Writ to the escheator to take the lands late of Margaret de Ripariis into the 
King's hand, dated 29 Sep. {Fine Roll, 36 Hen. Ill, ?n. 3). M. Paris (vol. v, p. 323) 
says that she d. "sexto nonas [? kalendas] Octobris," adding, "quondam uxor Falcasii 
cruentissimi proditoris. Copulabatur tamen eidem ignobili nobilis, pia impio, turpi 
speciosa, invita et coacta, tradente earn Johanne tiranno, qui nullum genus abhorruit 
facinoris perpetrandi." 

{') Register, as on p. 153 of this volume, note "e," f. 274V. She is there incorrectly 
called Countess of Devon and Lady of the Isle. The mistake of calling her Countess 
of Devon is also made, after her death, in the Patent Rolls. Her seal (Cotton Charter, 
v, no. 66) bears a shield charged with two lions passant guardant. Above the shield a 
crescent enclosing a sun (or a star). Legend, " Secretvm Margarete de Redveriis." 
{^) "MccxL, qui est annus Regis Henrici III vicesimus qua