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a. Abudken. Univbksitv LiBBAXr {p. Mes«t. Wjrllle 
ud Son). 

3. AtxGEB, Rev. Alfred, M.A., Umdon. 

4. Angus, Pmfessor, Rcgent'i Puk Collie, Londoo. 

5. Bailey, John E., Esq., Strecfbrd, Haocbesier. 

6. Bailcv, Henbt F., Esq., F.S.A., Londoo. 

7. Bain, Jakes, Esq., HaynuAct, Londoa. 

B. Ballioi. Collsge Libbast, Oxford (p. Rer. T. K. 

Chejrne, M.A., Ubrarlan). 
9. Bbblih. Royal Libbasv (p. Menrc Aibar and Co.) 

10. Blackhubn. Free Libkakt : Refcrmca Dquruneot 

(p. Mr. DkTid GcxldM, Libnrtan). 

11. Blackmah, Pbedekicx, Esq., London. 

12. Bodleian Libbaby, OxTord (p. Rev. H. O. Core, M.A.) 

13. Boston, Public LiBiAKr(p.MeaBn. Low.Son.andCo.) 

14. BOHSES. Rev. John, B.A., PaikCMe, RotiMflum (gift, 

p. Thomas Cooper, Esq.) 

15. Bbitish MusBim LiBKARV (p. OeoTgc BuUen, Esq.) 

16. Bsown. Rev. JohnX, The Elms, Nontumptoii. 

17. BUCKLBT, Rev.W.E., M.A., Middlelon Cheney, Buibuir. 

18. Butr, The Most Honble. the Maiquls of, London 

(p. J. Q. Godwin, Esq.) 

19. Cakbbidge, UHiVEKEirr LiBKABV (p, HcDry Br«dituiw, 

Eiq., M.A.) 
aa. Chambeelain. J. H., Esq., Small Heath, Binnlnghun. 
ai. Chatto, Ahdebw, Esq., London. 
la. Chethau Libbabv. Mancheiler. 

93. Chief Justice, The Lord, London, 

94. Chdkltoh, Thomas, Esq., Mancheiier. 
35. COKAVHE, G. E., Esq., London. 

a& Cook, J. W., Esq., London. 

37. COSENS. F. W., Esq., London. 

aS. Ceosslby, Jahbs, Ejq., F.S.A., Maachescer. 

99. Davies, Rev. Jakes, M.A., Moor Court, Hens. 

30 and 31. Devonshire, His Grace the Dulce of, Chaciworth. 

33. Derby, The Right Honble. the Eail of, Knowsley. 

33. Dowden, Professor, LL.D., Trinity College, Dublin. 

34. Dublin, Hii Gr&ce the Archbp. of. The Palace, Dublin. 

35. DtJBLiH, Royal Dublin Society, Kildare Street, 

36. Dublin, Trinity College Libbary. 

37. Edinburgh, Uhivessity Library {p. John Small, 

Esq., M.A.) 
3B. Falconer, His Honour, Judge, Usk, Monmouihshire. 

39. Fish, A. J., Esq., Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

40. FUBNESS, H. H., Esq., Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

41. Glasgow, University Library (p. Rev. Dr. Dickson). 
4a. GOODFORD, Rev. Dr., Eton College. 

43. Gould, Rev. George, Norwich. 

44. Guild, J. Wvixib, Esq. , Glasgow, 

45. Hannah, Very Rev. Archdeacon, Bri^lon. 
4& HABBISON, WlLLJAU, Esq., F.S.A., S 

near Preston. 
47. Haevako Univebsity, Cambridge, Mass. 
^. HOLDEH, Adah, Esq., Liverpool 

49. iHCLBBT, Dr., Valentines. Ilford. 

50. Ireland, Alexander, Esq., Manchester. 

•,• Exciuihieo/a Kmittd tuuuitro/ sifi and iimi-gifl 

St. jEMUHt, E., Esq.. London. 

5> and S3- JoiAisoN, Richard, Esq., Kemnal Manor, 

54. Kes, R. D., Esq., Sl Leonard's House, Edinburgh. 

55. Keebhaw, John, Esq., Audenshaw. 
5& Kershaw, John, Esq., London. 

57. Leatbes, F. M. de, Esq., London. 

58. Lemcke, Profcutir, Gienen. 

59- Macdonald, James, Esq., F.S.A. (Scol), 17 Russell 

Square, London. 
60. Mackbhzib, J. H., Esq., Edinbat:gb. 
di. Uanchestbe, Peee Libbabv, Old Town Hall, Man- 

63. Masson, Pnrfessor David, Edinburgh. 

63. MoRiEON.JOHH, Esq., GlaJ^ow. 

64 MOBLEV. Professor, Univenlty College, London. 

65. MOBLEY, Sauubl, Eiq., M.P., London. 

6£. Napibb, G. W., Esq., Manchester. 

67. Newton, Rev. Horace, M.A.. DriiSeld. 

6B. Nichols. G. W., Esq., Rothertifthe (Eiecuton of). 

69. Nicholson, Bbinslet, Esq., M.D., London. 

70 and 71. Paine, Cornelius, Esq., Brighton. 

7a. Palcbave. Francis Tvrhbb, Esq.. LL,D., London. 

73. Plymouth, Public LiriBABV (p. A. Haldane, Esq.) 

74. Purteb, Rev. Jaues, H.A., Master of Peter House, 


75. Princeton, College of New Jersey, U.S.A. [gilt, p. G. 

W. Child!. Esq., Phfladelpbla). 

76. RiPOH, The Most Hon. the Marqub of. Studley Royal. 

77. Saihtsburv, Geobge, Esq., Londoo. 

7S. SALiEBtiBY, Rev. Dr., Thnndertley Reotoiy, Rayleigh. 
jt). Scott, Rev. Dr. R. Selkirk, OIk^ow. 

80. SiON College Libbaby, London (p^ Rev. Dr. W. H. 


81. Snelgbove, a. G., Esq. London. 
ei. Stevens, a F.. Esq., London. 

83 and 84. Stevens and Havhrs, Messra., London. 
85. Stohvhurst. College Libbabv {p. Very Rev. Father 
Purfarick, S.J.) 
SwiNBUKHB. Algernon C, Esq., Henley-on-Thames. 
Thiblwall, Tbe tale Right Rev. Bp. (now for Execu- 
tors of John Thlrtwall, Esq., Bath). 
Thomas, C. J., Esq., Drayton Lodge. Bristol. 
Thompson, Fbedebice, Esq.. South I^rade, Walceficld. 
90. Verb, Aubrey de. Esq., Curra^, Adare. Ireland. 

Ward, Profeiior, Owens College, MancheMer. 
911. Watson, R. Spencs, Esq., Neweaitle-on-Tyne. 

Watts, James. Esq., Cheadle. Manchester. 
94. White, George H., Esq.. Glenthome, Torquay. 
White, Rev. C, M.A., Whitchurch, Salop. 
WILUAHS' Library, London (p. Rev. Thos, Hunter). 
Williams, Rev. J. D., M.A., Clyro, Hay, S. Wales. 
Wilson. William, Esq., Benvick-on-Tweed. 
99. Wordsworth, Professor, Elphinstone College, Bombay. 
100. Wright, Batemah Perkins. Esq., J.P., Bounon 
House, Rowley Paik, SlnRbrd. 
cJfiti and stparatt Authors — agraaify te the Pratfectta. 


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PORTRAIT OF COWLEY Bmgnmd CALAIS. . ttfaet TitU-fatt. 






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IT goes without saying that the ' IMe ' of 
Abkahau Cowlxv by Dr. SAiitTEL 
JOHHSON — fint of those ' lives ' ■ that on the 
instant took their place among the classics of 
our Literoture — must remain tie Life of him, 
albeit the lovei of Cowley — and he has 
loveis — ^wilt decline Mr. Thomas Humphrey 
Ward's dictum, that it has 'eclipsed for 
almost eveiy one the works of its subject' * 
Nevertheless, it is its eritidtm that has been 
its preservii^ salt As a Life, in common 
with most of the ' lives,' it is inaccurate as 
well as meagre, and the facts so given as 
rather to furnish pq;s upon which to hang 
grandiou dinertadon or texts from which 
to 'preach sonorous platitudes seasoned 
with spite, than to tell the Life-stoty. Of 
Dean (afterwards Bishop) Sprafs earlier 
' life,' — written first in Latin before the 
Latin poems (1668), and then in English 
before the folio of the Wo^ {1669)— his 
successor pronounces tiiis summary judg- 
ment. — 'The Life of Cowley, notwithstanding 
the penury of English biography, has been 
written by Dr. Sprat, an author whose 
pr^nancy of imagination and elegance of 
language have deservedly set him high in the 
ranks of literature, but his zeal of friend- 
ship m ambition of eloquence, has {Koduced 
a funeral oration radier than a history : he 
has given the character, not the life of 

Cowl^; for he writes with so little detail, 
that scarcely anything is distinctly known, 
but all is shown confused and enlarged 
throu^ the mist of panegyria" * There is 
an element of truth in this verdict, but a 
living and rarely-capable critic (Eduund W. 
Gossi; Esq.) has pronounced differently and 
more righteously, in (as a whole) a deUcious 
paper on Cowley, thus : — * His fiune was more 
materially served by Sprat, afterwards Bishop 
of Rochester, who published a Life of Cowley, 
which is one of the very best examples of 
memorial prose or el^iac monograph in the 
language, being pure, elegant, and forcible in 
style,andfuUoffinethought'* A third 'Life' 
is found in its place in the great folios of the 
' Biopuphia Brttatmita,' which, in text and 
notes and annotated notes by Drs. Andriw 
Kippis and Josxph Toweks, supplies abun- 
dant if ill-assorted materiala* From all these 
and various subsidiary and scattered sources, 
I have deemed it advisable to re-write the 
Life : nor shall I fail to work into it whatever is 
preserveworthy in them. It is to be depleted 
that utterly disproportianate search and re- 
search have added very slightly to the 
biographical data. Specifically, I have been 
more than disappointed that none of the mass 
of his ' familiar letters ' which Sprat certainly 
possessed, has been traced I cannot believe 
that he destroyed them, though by a morbid 
and mistaken conscientiousness, he decided 

I AibaAm, L i^ 3. 

■ !■ 'CgraUO'SwDMioiba it;pS,FaganS.(.. 



not to publish them. Masy Russkll 
MiTFORD, aasuming that he did 'destroy' 
them, cads her bright Essay on our Poet with 
unchaiacteristic vehemeoce : — ' I cannot con- 
clude without a wtHxl of detestation tovaids 
Sprat, who, Goth and Vandal that he was, 
destroyed Cowley's familiar letters." 

Abraham Cowley was the 'posthumous 
son ofTHoius CowLiY, citizen and stationer, 
and of the pariah <rf SL Michael ie Queme, 
a church in Cheapside, destroyed in the Great 
Fire, and not rebuilt' So wrote the late 
Peter Cunningham in his edition of Dr. 
Johnson's ' Lives of the Poets' {3 vols. Svo, 
1834 (Muiray) L 3), but not having given his 
authority, subsequent writers have ignored 
his discovery. The necessary corroboration 
has been since supplied by my admirable 
friend, Colonel Chbster of Bermondsey, in 
his 'Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registeit 
of tiie Collate Church or Abbey of St 
Peter, Westminster' (1876), as follows: — 
' There will be found among the wUls in the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury one of 
Thomas Cowley, who described himself as a 
citizen and stationer of London, and of the 
parish of St Micbad le Quera It was dated 
34 July 161S, and was proved 11 August 
following by his relict "Iliomasine, In it 
occurs this passage : " Whereas God hath 
blessed me with six chilifren, besides tie Mid 
or children whiek my mfe Thomasiiu ikw 
geeth mithai, viz., Peter, Audrey, John, 
Wlliam, Katherine, and Thomas, I give to 
each, and to the child or children my wife 
now goeth withal, £j^o, at the age of 
twenty-one or marriage," etc The date of 
this will, and the fact that the poet was bora 
after that date, in the same year — admitting 
the improbability of similar circumstances 
occurring in another family of this uncomnxMi 
name at this precise period — seem to point 
conclusively to tiie testator as his father. But 

T Baab, PtuHHid 

PeepU: ink Sn, tt^i: toL L p. tg. 

there is other evidence. This Thoous 
Cowley ai^tointed as one of Ae oveneen of 
his wiU, his hvtIkerwJau Htimpltref Clarie. 
Abraham Cowley, the poet, in hia will, dated 
18 September 1665, and proved 31 August 
1667, made his brother T^emat bis sole heir 
and executor, and in the will of this Thomas 
Cowley, also of Chertsey, dated ao Hay, and 
proved i September 1669, the first direction 
is that the l^acies given by bis late dear 
brother Abraham Cowley in hia last will, and 
not yet paid, be at once discharged. It is 
certain, therefore, that the poet and this last 
Thomas Cowley were krot^trt ; and that die 
btter was a son of the Thomas Cowley wbo 
(Ued in 1618, the fact that he bequealhcd 
;f aoo to his autinSuw^rey Clarke afiords 
at least probable evidence, which is strength- 
ened by the £ict that he also bequeathed 
jCioo to the Stationers' Company. And 
again, neither the burial of Thomas COwley, 
senior, nor of any Cowley, nor the baptism 
of Abraham, occurs in the parish register of 
St Dunstui in the West, in the year iSiS, or 
anywhere about that time, and it is there that 
they should be found, if the poet's father was 
" a grocer in Fleet Street, near Chancery 
Lane." The eariy registers of St Miehad le 
Quern are unfortunately lost, so diat no data 
can be obtained from them; but it seems 
from the ft^egoing Bxits almost, if not quite, 
certain, that the poet was the posthumous 
son of Thomas Cowley, citiien and stationer 
of London, and Thomasine bis wife." 

As incidentally noticed by Colonel Chesto-, 
all the prior authorities (Aubrey, Wood, 
Johnson, Biegrmpkia Briiannica, etc, etc) 
had stated that our Poet was bom ' atLondon, 
in Fleet Street, near the end of Chancery 
Lane, In the parish of St Dunstan in the 
West,' in the year 1618, and described his 
father as a 'grocer.' On this Dr. Johnson 

1 I^, iK-T.— On cBnot but njotc* IhU thk diuingiiiilwl 
ABtricBb ihoald lurt nat^j be«i givtf tha hononTT dafnc 
of D.CL brUrfnL Then m fcr iKn>«*nHV« G*fl«. 



obfioves atrabSioiul]^ — 'his '^ber was a 
grocer, wh(»e cotKtitton Dr. SpKtt conceals 
under &e general appelladen or a citizen ; 
and irtiat wotdd probably not haw been less 
carefiiUj Bu;y[kte3edt ^ omisaiiMi of his name 
ia the ri^jnter Of' St Dungtan^ parish gives 
reason to siU}>e<» ttaat his' &llier was a 
'sectary.* Alt this is beside the mark. As 
simple matter-oMket Thomas Covlcr (as his 
will shows ») was a ' ddzfen ' of London, and 
diat was no 'general appellation/ but a 
deinite distinction, and one to be proud of 
as ever was Roman of his ; while inasmuch 
as 'Sectaries' (NMiconfonnists being meant 
to be exprobrated by the term) as well as 
Churchmen wers leistered in their own 
parishes, the absence of entry in St Dunstan's 
does not at all give reason to su^ieot that he 
was a ' sectary.' There is litOe doubt that he 
was a Churchman as his eminent son was. 
Besides, the absmce of entry from St 
Dtmstan's Roister is explained by Cunning- 
ham's and Cc^nel Chester's corrections. 

The word ' posthumous,' in addition to the 
pallios of it, guides us approximately to the 
birth-date: His father died in August (i6r8). 
His will was dated 24th July (same year) ; so 
that Abraham, who was 'the child' with 
which iht widow then 'went,' must have 
been Ixnn between August and December. 
His death in his 49th year on 98th July 
1667, dmilariy guides us back to t6i8, and 
after 38th Ji^y. In relation to the odier 
members of the femily, whose names have 
already been given. Colonel Chester notes 
that there was an important error in Canning- 
ham's abstract of the father's will, which 
gave the poet a brother Andrew, instead of 
a sister Attdrty, and thus led to the further 
mis-statement that he had an 'only sister 
Katherine.'* Then further, these family 
names pleasantly recall to us Cowley's in- 

I Saathe WiHAiuiiiHfkDdlixtblbit dnM^b AppvAi 

imitable ' Chronicle,' with its exquisite cele- 
bration of ' Thomasine,' his mother's name, 
and ' Katbeiine ' and ' Audrey ' (as ' Audria'), 
his sisters' names. Tlie suimy page is made 
sunnier by the knowledge of this. 

Left full and sole executrix, the widowed 
mother of our Foet, if not 'wealthy,' as Mr. 
Gosse puts it (as before), was not in atnuta. 
Probably a couple of thousand pounds, or 
equal to five thousand pounds to^lay, fell to 
her (upwards of ;£ 1000 being destined for 
the children's portions on reaching twenty-one 
or marriage). Oae is glad to be able to 
conchide that the cradle of Master Abraham 
was rocked in a home of comparative com- 

The biith-year— 1618 — is a notioeableone* 
It marked the autumn of the splendid 
Elizabethan - Jacobean literary summer. 
SBUXB3PXAKK and Fkakcis Beaumont were 
only about two years dead. 'Rare Ben,' 
John Fletcher, Pkiup Massincer, John 
Ford, Sir John Davies, John Marston, 
of the ^nta of 'The Mermaid,' still sur- 
vived. Francis Bacon was 'in the shadows.' 
Whilst (probably) he was an infant of a 
month or two, 'puking in the nurse's arms,' 
Raleigs was beheaded (39th October \6ii). 
Almost contemporary with his birth were 
Andrew Martell (1630), Henry Vaughan, 
Siluriat (1631), while 'Milton was ten years 
of age, Denhau three. Suckling nine years, 
and Lovelace only a few weeks older than 

Of his childhood we have delightful 
glimpses in his channing Essay ' Of Myself' 
The reader would not fo^ve me if I did not 
adduce a portion of Us account of his early 
years. It thus runs : — 

'Aa&Tasm; Memoir am return back into 107 pact 
Life, before Iknew, oi «u capable oT Kuessing vbitthe 
Worid, or Glories, or Bosines of it were, the natural 
AffectfODi of mr Sold gave me a secret Bent of Avenioa 



Mbcn. bf an Auipalh; Impcfceptible to <h— n— '—*. wid 

B iCTj ro^ Boj u Sdioal, iuuad «f nmniBf aboot on 
Hoty-«lai^ aodptajlDC wtlbmyFellowi; I wuwoal (o 
«e«l from tbem, uid nlk Into tbe Flddi, dttwr alona 
with *. Book, or wllh lome 
find u)' of the Hme Temp 

(Vol It p. 339/t. H- «»*S.) 


* But, bow thb Love 
BUif, ii • haid QimtkiD : I bglie*e I cu tdl the pait^ 
cnlar little Chance that fiUed mj Haul flrat with tach 
ChlDiei of Vene, ai haTC nenr tince left linflDB there : 
For I isnember when I began to read, and to lake foftw 
Haunre In It, there wai wool to Ije fai mr Mother'* 
I^ilour (I know not by what accident, for ibe her edf 
never la bo Life read any Doi^ bnl of Devotion) but 
tbse wai woDttolye^^nc^jWorki. Tbit I bappen'd 
to bll upon, and wai inflnlldj ddlibled with tbe Storici 
of the Knlgbti, and (Mutt, and Hoooan. and brare 
Homes, which I feond vretf wbcK thcK : (Tbo' mj 
Undenundlng bad little to do with all thii) and by 
degree* with tbe ThikHng ot the Rhrme and Dance ot 
the Numben, lo that I think I had nad him all o>w 
before I wai twdre Yean old, and wai thui made a 
Poet M Incmediafaly at a Child li made an Eunuch.' 
\md. p. 340/1, U. 16.33.) 

On the latter, Dr. JohasoD thua ' improve!,' 
as the Puritans phrased It — 'Such are the 
accidents which, somedmei remembered, 
and peihaps sometimes forgotten, produce 
that particular designation of mind and pro- 
pensity for some certain science or em- 
ployment, which is commonly called genius. 
Tbe true genius is a mind of large general 
powers, accidentally determined to some 
particular direction.' ' 

Curiously enough even ' The List of the 
Queen's Scholars of St, Peter's CoUege, West 
minster,' i.e. renowned Westminster School, 
does not inform us when Master Cowley en- 
tered the school I have searched in vain 
equally Joseph Welch's original edition and 
the ' new edition ' by ' An Old King's Scholar ' 
(1853) for an earlier entrjr than 1636 — of 
which anon. It is certain that so early aa 
his tenth year be had written considerable 
poetry, viz., the epical romance of Pf ramus 

and TTUtit, ' one of the mott extnordinuy 
inataocci of precocity, in the whole aonali at 
literature ; indeed, to find a puallel to i^ 
we must leave the art of poetry altogether, 
and note what was done by Mozart in music, 
ot LucM van Leyden in engraving.' > This 
was in 1618. In 161^30 be (xxnposed an- 
other little epic called Cemttamiia andPMilttiu, 
being then in his twelfth year. By 1633 he 
bad ' accumulated auch a store of poems that 
his friends determined to hide the treasure 
no longer from the world." A vtdume ap- 
peared early in that year with the title 
'FottUal Blotioms, by A, C' It is a dainty 
quarto of thirty-two leaves. It is a biblio- 
graphical rarity, and 'great spoil' for the 
book-hunter. Facing the title-page is a large 
engraving by Vaughan, enclosing a portrait 
of the author, aged thirteen. A difficuhy is, 
that though self-evidently drawn from the 
life and self-authenticating there are not only 
other miniature contemporary portraits, but 
these varying in the impresaions, e.g. that 
prefixed to 'Sylva' (1636) differs tele ceele 
from the one before ' Love's Riddle' (1638X 
though bearing the legend 'Vera Effigies 
Abraham Cowley Alumni Schohe West 
.Atatis Sue. r3,' and both, from that of 163^ 
— all being now before me. The nose in 
that of ' Love's Riddle ' is Cromwellian, and 
in the 'Sylva' is a decided pug. I suspect 
the explanation ia that the later were mani- 
pulated into imaginative (supposed) 'im- 
provements ' on the more simple and natural 
child-face of the original volume of 1633. 
The others have above a young angel grasping 
a quill-pen and holding a laurel wreath over 
the youthful poet's head I have met with 
unlettered proofs in all stages, and each pre- 
sents something slighdy different We must 
assume that Vaughan's engraving was ac- 
cepted as true. Accordingly of this portrait 
a faithful facsimile from a fine impression 
is prefixed to our Second Volume. It is a 



handsome fresh &ce. At the Univetsity, with 
Lmg curis felling on his shoulders (as heie, 
and more vividly in the miniatme by Zinc, 
formerly at Strawbeny Hill, and exquisitely 
engraved by Romney for the Works of 1809) 
'he must without doubt have been an 
elegant youth in the fashion of the day, even 
if with none of the superlative beau^ of 
John Milton, " the Lady of Trinity." ' > 

'Poetical Blossomes' was dedicated na- 
turally to the Dean of Westminster — sub- 
seqnendy the statesman-prelate Archbishop 
Williams — and ' commendatory poems ' were 
adjoined from two school-fellows — Benjamin 
Masters (misprinted Maeis) and Robert 
Meade — the ftxmer author also of kindred 
verses on the birth of the Duke of York 
(1633), and <tf another set in the ' Cbaiisteria' 
in 1638 — the latter itUl in t niaaner remem- 
bered by his posthumously printed comedy 
of ' Lore and Friendship ' — in the Stationer's 
preface to which, it is said that his name/^ 
u was ornament for any title-page, 'he 
having been a peison whose eminent and 
graenU abilities have left him a character 
pretious and honourable to our Nation.'* 
'Pyraftins and Thisbe,' in 'Poetical Blos- 
somes,' is dedicated in verse 'To the 
Woishipful, my very loving Master, Lambert 
Osbalston, Chiefe Schoole-master of West- 
minster Schoote ' and thus opens ; — 
■ Uf childlah Unse ii In her Spring ; uid yet 
Can ODcly ibow lome buddisg of bet Wit.' 
and closes : — 
■ How sooDC will tbej px>w Fnilt 1 How will tber 

TtuU tuul SDcb beames tbeir Iniande (o nonriah t 
Wbich being Iprung to r<peneis«. expect tben 
The belt, and Bm rnihu, of her Bralefiill Pm.'' 

> Mr. OoiH ■• bcfon, p. 714. 
• See AluBui Wettm. u tMfon, 
■K U<ad*. Wood— not (Inn to 

Covler hlmHlf, Ueade 11 
whettHT Ac xUl fMick Nc 
Mode, wu of hii Bock. 

lovtr of kuaiUly' (A. O. L 143.4 ; 

<cd alio tbit like 
writer, Uuibew 

From all these facts it is clear that Master 
Abraham Cowley was at famous Westminster 
as early as 1698 or 1639. One peculiarity of 
his education at School has given rise to a 
good deal of misdirected criticism. Sprat tells 
that ' he was wont to relate that he had this 
defect in his memory at that time, that his 
teadiers never could bring it to retain the 
ordinary rules of grammar,' Dr. JohnsoD 
comes down upon this elephantinely and 
egregiously — 'This is an instance of the 
natural desire of man to propagate a wonder. 
It is surely very difficult to tell anything as 
it was heard, when Sprat could not refrain 
from amplifying a commodious incident, 
though the book to which he prefixed his 
narrative contained its confutation. A 
memory admitting some things and rejecting 
others, an intellectual digestion that con- 
cocted the pulp of learning, but refused the 
husks, had the appearance of an instinctive 
elegance, of a particular provision made by 
nature for literary politeness. But in the 
author's own honest relation the marvel 
vanishes : " He was," he says, " such an 
enemy to all construnt, that his master 
never could prevail on him to learn the rules 
without book." He does not tell that be 
could not learn the rules, but that, being 
able to peribrm his exercises without them, 
and being an "enemy to constraint," he 
spared himself the labour.' The whole of 
this is mere logomachy. Sprat states the 
thing tersely, does not 'amplify' it as a 
'c<Hnmodious incident,' neither magnifies it 
into a ' marvel,' as alleged. Had his Critic 
continued the quotation, it would have been 
seen that he and not Sprat was mistaken. 
For he proceeds — ' However, he suppl/d 
that want, by conversing with the Books 
themselves, from whence these Rules had 
been drawn. That no doubt was a better 
way, though much more difficult, and he 
afterwards found this benefit by it, thiU 
having got the Greek and Roman languages. 



u he had done bis own, not by pi«cept but 
use, be practis'd them not as a Scholv but 
a Native.' All this is strictly warranted by 
Cowley's own words left out by Johnson : 
for he continues — ' I was then too, so much 
an enemy to all constraint, tiiat my masters 
could never prevail on me to leam without 
book Ae common rules of grammar, in which 
they dispensed with me alone, because they 
found I made a shift to do the usual exerdies 
out of my own reading and oliservatioD ' — 
(Of Myseli; Essay XI.) Which being in- 
terpreted plainly means, as Sprat indicates, 
that be acquired his grammatical knowledge 
as many do thrir musical — by die ear, and 
not by mastery of the notes acd laws of 
harmony — to wit, from reading books, not 
mastering the details of grammar ; no 'mar* 
vel,' urUs, still an interesting biographical 
fact, and one common to other ultimate 
masters of Style. Speaking generally of his 
attendance at Westminster his first K(^ph« 
says — 'The first years of his youth were 
spent in Westminster School, where he soon 
obtain'd and increas'd the noble Genius 
peculiar to that place/ . . . 'The first be- 
ginning of his Studies was a familiarity with 
the most Bolid and unaffected Authors of 
Anriquity, which he fully digested not only 
in his memory but his judgment By this 
advantage he learnt nothing while a Boy, 
that he needed to forget or forsake, when he 
came to be a man. His mind was rightly 
reason'd at first, and he had nothing to do 
but still to proceed on the same Foundation 
on which be began.' 

As before stated, the first and only entry 
in Alumm Wtstftwnasterienits (p. iie) is of 


A. Coiriey wu & cuididate for Cunbiidge, bat not 


There must be some mistake in this entry ; 
for the records of Trinity Collie, Cam- 
bridge, show, that be left Westminster in 

1636, and was made a scholar of Trinity in 
that year. Probably the FUoda only 1^^ 
mitted, at the time of the election, <X «en£ifl^ 
the four to Christ Church, Oxibrd, and iKk 
four to Trinity College, Cambridge, entered 
on the same page with the memorandum of 
Cowley's non-election. Whether it were so 
<v no, his 'passage' through Westminster 
School was a b^lHant and prodigious one. 
For not only was it srtiile King's Scholar 
diere that fie published his ' Poetical Btoa- 
iomes * (1633), but be had Mkewise written 
his ' Love's Riddle ' during the same pre- 
mature period. This was stated in the title- 
page when it was pabHshed in 1638 — 
'Written at the time of his being King's 
Scholler in Westmiaster Schoole.' He 
brou^t a vast reputation to the Univeisity 
— a second edition, with notable additions 
as we stun see onward, of his 'PoetJcal 
Blossomes' having been published just as 
he was leaving Westminster Uk Cambridge 
In all probability he carried copies of this 
new edition of his ' Poetical Blossomes ' with 
him, and one of these must have fidlen into 
the hands of no leas than Richard Crashaw. 
For by for the most noticeable thing in 
relation to the reception of the little volume 
is a poem that that * sweet Shiger ' addressed 
to Cowley, uid printed in his 'Del^hts' 
{1648). Its exquisitdy-tumed allusions to the 
' Poetical Blossomes ' dates it for us ; and 
so at this point we shall read it, not perhaps 
as of the tiigfaest of Ciashaw's workmanship, 
but as characteristic and btogtapbically of 
first interest : — 

Vftti Too Grtau Afritteia lent la CoWLBV 
ijiSi*. Ckashaw. 
T«ke IhcK, Tiine'i Urdj' traants, lent by me 
To be chutii'd (iweet friend) and chide b/ tbee. 
Pale ion* of ooT Pomoiw I who*e wan cheeke* 
Have tpent the patience of czpecdi^ weeke*. 
Yet are scarce ripe cdod^ at beM to «haw 
The redd, bat of the blush to tbee thej ow. 
By tbf comparrison tbej shall pnt a 
MoreSninmer in their sba"'' ~"~~ 



Thai] en the frnlrfhH Phoebm* ^^ft'ttfng kitsei 
Kindled on their cold lips, O had 017 wiihet 
And the desre meriti of yonT Muse, their dne, 
TTiB yraiK had foand wme fruit e»ily m jon ; 
Ripe as Oiose rich compoeures Time compnlM 
Rlosmm, bat our blot tut confenes fhdts. 
How doe* thy Apcil-ADtnnxBe moche tbeie colde 
ProfrcMiaii^ 'twist wboM tetnu poor jfime {[rom oldl 
With thcc aloQC he wcaiea no beard, thy bnine 
Gi«e» him the mondee World') freth gold againe. 
TwM only Paradiee, 'tis aa.t\j than, 
WboM bait aid bloMoml both bfene the latae bough. 
pRMtd b) Ac pattetDc of thy pretioos youth, 
NatDie (larethiidu} might easily mend her growth. 
Could the in all her biithi but coppie thee, , 
Into the pnblick yeare*! proficiencie : 
No fniil should hare the &ce to imile on the« 
(Voai^ muter of the Worid't uutturitie) 
But nxJi whose mn-bonw boautie* what the; boirow 
Of bcames to day, pay back Etgain tp moRow, 
Ncs need be doubte-gilL How then most these 
Poor buite* 1t»ok« pale at thy Hespeiidei 1 
Fahic would I chide thai slownesee, but m thnr 
Defeeta I dmr mine own dnil character. 
Tahe Aem, and me in diem acknowledging. 
How mnch my Sonuner waites npon thy Spring.* 

He left behind him among his school- 
fellows the warmest personal regard, and 
among his teachers such Pleasures of Hope 
as rather belonged to the Pleasures of Im- 
agination.* He would find himself with 
friends and fellow .WeatminBter Boys. For 
turning back upon the names of the sncces- 
sive 'elections' to Cambridge from West- 
minster, 1 see front i<ia8 to 1636 a consider- 

1 TSa Coaqtac Woki of Bicbud Gwluw ia fullH 
W«nhi«t' LibiwT 1 tiI. L pp. tf^v- 

■ Oaxf ifaeMaMBi, Jom Joaiua (id HancrX o> wImms 

dfuh Cnkr m>t> a nnd pooa, snut hen greuly Imd 

and baen beloved b; liiia. Eves thi ■wfol Dr. GiubT, ' Meul 

If MUr,' appean to Ivtc 'loftened' towaid him nunciijnulr 

{■iMil Mm dnrn noto'f chMk*). Oawwd, a Unit iaedlMd 

leno' ftM CawliT w Ub wU ba tl*>B. A Oealiaff cp4:nm 

hr m PbM lAv at Echaol I mar at sea place bvs :— 

KnciAH on Iha Pmnr of Lon. 

flf.ilL— TMi U deliMnd down by I 

of Cowley ; and wm fpobcn rI 

ckctn, M au Mnriag nbjeet, NkU^ • 

— *-niWHr<gW>. OrU. 

Sol Daplnu MM. ud Miht bar adadm, 

WMeh add* Daw Bamea B Ua oakatial Sraa 

able number of these — alas I none of any 
after notability. William Caktwright 
went to Christ Church, Oxford, in 1638, but 
Su ex LING, Fansbawb, CLEVELAND, and 
above all, Richard Ckashaw, were all at 

Sprat — with slight intercalations of ours 
— thus desaibes bis career at the Univer- 
sity; — 

' With these eztraordiiuuy hopea be was rtmored to 
Trinity CoUedge in Camthdn't where by the progress 
and omtimiance of his Wit, it af^ieai'd tlial two 
things were join'd in it, which seldom meet together, 
that it wu both eurly-ripe and lasting. Iliis brought 
him Iqto the love bikI esteem of the most eminent 
tnembenafthal famous Society and [he is addressing 
the ooce prominently-known Mattuxw Cufposd] 
principally of yonr Unkle Hr. [Edmund] Fotherby 
[ton of Sir John Fotherby of Barham, Kent, and 
gimndson of Dr. Martin Fotherby, Dean of Canter, 
bury j, whose 6i*oan he since abundantly acknowledge 
when hit Benebctor bad quite forgot the obligation. 
His Exercises of all kinds are still remembred in 
that University with great applaose, and with thi* 
particular praise, that they were not only fit for the 
obscurity of an Academical life, but to baf« been 
shown on fltetrae Theater of the World. There it 
was that before the twentieth year of his age, he lud 
the design of divers of his most Masculine Works, 
that he finish'd long ader. In which I know not 
whether I should most commend, that a mind so 
young should ceoceive eu(± great things, or that it 
should be able to perfect them with such felici^. 

' The lint occasion of his entring iota business was 
the El^ty that he writ on Mr. [William] Harvey's 
[Hervey's] Death ; wherein he described the highest 
Characten of Religion, Knowledge, and Friend^p, 
in an age when most other men scarce begin to leain 
them. This brought him into the acquaintance of 
Mr. John Uanrey, the Brother of his deceased 
Friend, from whom he received many Office* of kind- 
ness through the whole couise of his lif^ and 
prindpally this, that by his means he came into the 

More summarily Johnson : — 
'In 1636 he was removed to Cambridge, where he 
GMitinued his studies with great intenseness ; for he 

I AluBi WeH.. pp. i< 
s Aa Spnl*! ' Ufa ' ia to 
ipadfic RTefoicea aia giva 



a Mid to In*e witttai, wiiile be wu j«t » joong 
■tadent, the pettei put of U* ' Darid^ '— « work 
of wliicb (he malerul* could sot have betn collcctol 
without the itudj of mmj jeazt, but b]' a mind of the 
gramtert rigonr ftod actiTitj.'' 

These land-marks of progren at ' Trinity ' 
I take mainly from Alumni Wtstmoruu- 
ttrienus: — 

Sdiohr of Trinity, 1636. 
3d edn. of ' Poetical BIomoiiu,' 1637. 
Naa&>KJnm locrUre CoauedU 1 * PsbUci 
Conm AcademicU Acta, la CoUegio SS. 
et faidivkta« Tiinitatii. 4to Noom Fit. 
Ad. Dodl 1638.' 
Took degree of B. A., 1639. 
Choiea a minor fellow of Trinity, 164OL 
ChoKD a major fellow in 164a. 
Proceeded M. A. of Cambridfje, indue Gowtet' 

Duriitg the lapse of these years — the earlier 
at least — ^whilst doubtless as 'intense' over 
his studies proper as his Siogrsphers affirm, 
he must have been occupied upon those 
Poems that were by-and-bye collected under 
the general titles of ' Miscellanies ' and ' The 
Mistress.' Certain Elsies enable us to fix 
dates t(x some of them, t.g. on Sir Henry 
Wotton, 1639, and Sir An&ony Vandyke in 
1641. The visit of Prince Charles (afler- 
K^ids Charles il) to Cambridge in March 
1641, gave occasion to the composition and 
production of his comedy called ' Tht 
Gvardian.' It was rather off-hand, rough 
and ill-digested, but not without wit and even 
humour — as onward (IL Critical) will be 

The later landmai^ dates bring us to the 
' tetfing' time — as in these Memorial-Intro- 
ductions I have had repeatedly to accentuate 
— between all^iance to the King {Charles l) 
and the Kingdom {'/Aii England'), or as 
between loyalty to the titular head and 
treason to the Nation. Cowley elected to 
' side ' with the Monarch ; and doubtless in 
so doing believed he was seeking the best 
interests of his country. But it was inevitable 

that so pronounced a Royalist should be 
' deprived' and ' ousted ' of his ' places ' in the 
University — all the more that in his Satire of / ' 

'The Puritan andthe Papist' (i64fi), he had | 

libelled truculently and heartlenly under the 
nickname of ' Puritan ' tbe noblot men and 
women of the Commonwealth, from their 
Leaders to the Roundhead 'commonalty.'* 
He fills his niche in the great folk) of Jorm 
WALXBit, U. A.'s 'Attempt towards recovering 
an Account of the Numbers and Sufierings of 
the Clergy of the Church of England, Heads 
of Colleges, Fellows, Scholars, etc, who were 
Sequester'd, Harass'd, etc in die late Times 
of the Grand Rebellion* (1714), along with 
Dr. Thomas Comber (to wluKn ' Naufragium 
locvlare' of r63g was dedicated as 'Doc- 
tissimo Gravissimoque Viio'), Or. Cheney 
Row, Dr. Meredith, Herbert Thotndike, Dt. 
John Sherman, and many otbets, including his 
school-fellow Samwaies.* It wat a ' Gnuut 
Rebellion,' though in hi other sense than 
either Clarendon or his followers meant — a 
rebellion or rising up of freemoi tgainit die 
personal despotism of a weak and menda- 
cious as treacherous sovereign, and the inau- 
guration of that magnificent ' limited mon- 
archy' and large freedom which in our 
Laureate's words broaden down ' from pre- 
cedent to precedent' 

He himself modestly describes his ' Ejec- 
tion ' and its results, in his Essay, Of 

'WIthtlwMAfhctlauof Hfnd, and n^ Heart wholly 
set upon Letlen, I weot to the UnlTcnitr: btit waa 
■oon ton bom (hence by that violent poblkk Storm 
which would mller DothinK to Mand «bere ll did. 
bat rooted up ervj Plant, erea from the Princely 
Cedaia to me the Hjmop. Yet I had as food Fortnoe 
a* could have >■*<*"-" me in nieh a Tempett ; for I waa 
can by 11 Into the Family of one of the bat Penom, 
and into the Court of one of die beu PrfaiceMea in the 
Wi^ld. Now tbo' I wai here agac'd hi Vtyt molt 
contary to tbe Original Daiign of my Life, thu li, bito 
much Companyi and no imall Builneie, and into a daUy 
Sgkt of Qieatneu, both Militant and I'rlnmphanl (fcr 
that wai tbe State then of tbe BmgUiJt and Frtnti 




Cooru), J* mil thli wu n (ir from iKediig vj 
Opinion, th&t h onir a^bd the Confirmation erf' Rcaioa 
to that which mu bdbra but Natond IndlDatkm. I 
mm platalr aB iha Fkini of that Und of LUe, tbs 
MM«r I came to It ; and that Bnn^ wfakh I did dm 
bll in Lore with, when, for ought I knew, it wai real, 
wu not Bke to bevild) or «Ulce mc^ when I nw that 
h «u Adnhoate. I mat wkh nmal fraat PanoDS, 
wbam I Iflced Kiy wdl. bat ooold oM pcndTs that a^ 
Pan of their Greaman wai to be Uk'd or dedr'd, no 
mom thao I would be glad, or ccmiem to be to a Stonn, 
Iho' I mem manr SUpa whiA lid aaMf, and brarely In 
it. AStormwonldDotagreewttbmj'Stoiiiadi, ifiidid 
with 1117 Coonga. Tbo* I wu tn a Ooud of ai good 
Companf ai oonld be fbond any where, tho' I was in 
Bulneai of gnat and honoaraUe T^nn, tbo' I eat at 
tbe ba« Table, and olor'd iba beat Conrankncei lor 
pnMDtSnMMaaeetbMo^t to be dorir'd bja Man 
<tf m7 OnAtlaa, la BaidihiiKDt and pnHtft DlatraM^ ; 
yw I oottM not abataln froai renewiDg mj old School- 
Bor'a WUi in a Copr of Vona to tha same efiact. 

Wen tbern ; I now do plainly ne 

TUl bode World and I ihall ne'er 

(Vtd. IL p. 340> ooL 1, L a?. 

m bottom.) 

I cannot think it is doing injustice to 
Coirie; to adjudge the secret of hw Loyalty 
and Royalism (as of many others) to a 
peisonat tmiimaU rather than to principle 
and ctnucience. It is to be noted that he 
singlea ont 'the best of Frinceiset' id ert. 
Queen Henrietta Maria. He came under 
the speQ <tf her 'gracious manner,' and 
posnbly of the King's. His heart, not his 
head, ruled and over-ruled him. That he 
vaa (if the expressive vulgarism be allowable) 
weak-kneed as against ' The Commonwealth' 
is demonstrated by the suppressed page of 
'The Pre&ce' to his first folio of 1656 — a 
page which Dr. Johnson was not very careful 
to know, or knowing, thus lightly dismissed : — 
'This year [1656] he published his Poems, 
with a Preface, in which he seems to have 
inserted somethii^ suppressed in subsequent 
editions, which was interpreted to denote 
some relaxation of his loyalty.i Then more 
pungentty as became ^ Motalist — 'From 
the obloquy which the appearance of sub- 
misacm to the usurpers brought upon him, 

his biographo has been very diligent to 
clear him, and indeed it does not seem to 
have lessened his reputation. His wish for 
retirement we can easily believe to be un- 
dissembled: a man harassed in one kingdom, 
and persecuted in another, who, after a 
(X>urse of business that employed all his days 
and half his nights In ciphering and decipher- 
ing, comes to his own country and steps into 
a prison, will be willing enough to retire to 
some place of quiet and of safety. Yet let 
neUher our reoerenufor agenius, nerourpHy 
for a n^erer, dispose us to forget that, if his 
aetivHy teas virtiu, hit retreat was eowarditt.'^ 
Even Walker (of and in the * Sufferings ') has 
his gird at him : — ' In 1656, he returned into 
Et^laad, and was for some time under 
Trouble, As/ at length complying (even too 
much as Car as I can learn) with some in 
Power, he got an Order to be created M.D, 
(as he afterwards actually was) at Oxford.* 

For the first time, so fkr as I (»n ascertain, 
the nnmutitated 'Pre&ce' of 1656 is re- 
printed in the Appendix (C) to this Memorial- 
Introduction ; and here the suppressed page 
must find a phice : — 

. , . Stopttbetmrt,'] 
'for it ii to UDcnMomaiy, ai to hocome almoat 
ridiciiina, to make Latanl fat tbe Ctmqturtd, Now 
though in all Civil DiatmHami, when iIm^ break Into 
open hostilities, tbe War of the Pi» is allowed to 
Bcoompanj that of tbe StnrJ, and tvttj one it In a 
manor obliged with hit Ttmgne, as well as ffand, W 
senv and auist OIK dde which be mgBges in 1 retiAen 
the event of baud, and the unacoouniahb Wili of G«d 
has delcnnined tbe coatrorenie, and that we have mb- 
tnilted to the conditions of the CvKfatrar, we most )aj 
down our Pau a* well at Armt, we muM marci out at 
out Causi it leIC and ditmanili that, a* well as om 
TfPit and Caillu, of all the WorlU and FprHicalieiu 
<it Wit and Xtaam bj whigh we defended it. Wt 
ought not Hire, to begin oundvei to revive the remem- 
brance at those ilinei and actions lor which we have, 
reodred a GtittrtU AmnttlU, as a ftnor fron tbe 
Virtor. Tbe tnah Ii, naltbw W; nor 7*7, oi(ht tqr 

1 Aibdbn, p|L is-ii. It b cBly Mr to pr mrT« S^W'i Vln- 
dkuica. I nlr«Ui k u Appaadb D. of tbia Introdoctlm. I 
ptaa b«ld<ii,lio*m>, Dr. Jolinaa'iiulHia^fiillvMiite- 
auni frgni ' Tkc RjuBblar,' No. 6, ga ZijtAicf% iiimi 

* Ptit IL pp. >ea-i. 



tha RapraMmMkmof /Vkm ■Dd/M4(«i>toMalw*htad 
of ArH/Uial Mtmny of tbow lhiil|* wbardn wa ua all 
bound to doire, Uki TMtmliltfUi, Ibe Art Ot OHivuK. 
The ounltia of miaw-Cititiu ihould b«, Uke thai of 
ZoOTPt. tbeJ^Atfriu^ralKMiorthclrjfiirf^ Tha NanM 
of Ar^, and 7ii>/« of Pwmuh, vbkli an *O M >a <t M M 
In affect the whole quaird. ihonld be extlnfnlihed aod 
foiMdden in PtajatandBiiheao6aadlAtbUH—titUu. 
Andl votUdhanitaoooDBtadnolMannlamM lori^up 
old wetmdi, tbea to givt ntm «■«,■ wUob kM nada Ha 
not Mtdj abatain from printlof anjr lUnf of thlt Idnde, 
but to barn the very ooplea, and tniUct a •avarer puntab- 
menl on thani mjruU. then pertiapa iho noat fl(id 
Qtbatt of Sum would bava tboagbt that tkar 4mmv«L' 
[Ai tor the eoaulnf Book, . . . 

I give fiill weight to SfwU's Vindicatioa 
(in Appendix D.) I have no wiah to q>cKk 
harshly of Cowley for hii (shall \ myV) 
timorouBnesi or intended fluency of adapta- 
tion to ciicuRistances in order to a quiet life, 
much lesa for hia yearning like many greater 
men of the period for 'New England;' but, 
it was not by men of such stuff, on dther 
side, that the ' Grand Rebellion ' wai fought 
out Spite of his indubitable ' compliance ' 
he evidently convinced himself that through- 
out he had been staunch in his RoyaUsm, as 
witness bis half-pathetic, half-comical in- 
dignation with those who found in his 
original 'Guardian,' and its transformation, 
' Cutter of Coleman Street,' quizzical por- 
traiturca of the 'faded ' Cavaliers. We m^ 
pause here to let the aggrieved Loyalist 
vindicate himself: — 

■The fint clamour which m 
raised, and made a great nolM with. wu. That It wu a 
l^ece Intended for abuse and Salyre againit the King's 
party. Good Qod ! Against the King's party? After 
having ta^rtA It twenty yean during all the time of their 
lutslortnnes and afOlciloni, I muil be a very rash and 
bnpnidcnt persoD if I cboie out that of their ReMiiatlon 
to brfln a Quand with them. I must be too niDd) a 
Madman to be trailed with fuch an Edg'd Too) U 

(Vol 1. p. 175, eid. I, L 33, onwards.) 

Just 80, he might be 'sane,' but it was 

hardly ' prudent,' in the recollection of bis 

'Prc&ce' of 1656, so to over-'protcst and 

protest,' with choler. 

It thus appears that when ' ejected ' from 

Trinity be found a haven in Oxford, at St. 
John's, That it was with heart-ache and fan- 
boding ha Itft Cambridge, we have pifaetk 
proof in his fine Latb Elegy aiddreased 
to his University and printed in his fio&a^ 
which tbobs with cmotioD. TIm Reader 
who loves Cowley, and really wirfics to know 
him, win g^dly study this El^y, which here 
follows first in the Latin, and next ' spnkiag 
English ' — by die cultnrcd poetic skil of my 
dear (Hend, dte Rev. Richard Wilton,, 
of Londesborough, the 'sweet Singer ' of 
• Wood-Notes ntd Church BcKs.' 

I. E L E G I A 







Astringli gruu ptudor wen 
Tdna tnl poletj* swcM " 

Taai malt forsatam. dlwtmlUnqne Aw r 
TOiM hlo mattrmi TcMlgia taon deeoiis, 

Tu Sftttdum poteris hic reperire tuum ? 
Post longnm, dtc«a, Canlti, tiemlhl (empoi? 

Sio mihl voaati, ft^dt, mnha radla? 
QuK, dices, Sagm ZnunAyw DtafaM lUMaAir, 

Hunc mthl in Im/anlis suppomCre loco ? 
At Tu. nnct* Partni, crudtHi In juofiu, Nati 

Ne mctea deitrl ralnen crwla rod). 
Hd mihi, quid Fate G*mM» aoosdis Iniqno? 

Sit Sen, sed non sis /fia Nirtitrca mlU. 
9i mlht naiali Miuamm adolesoere in am, 

SI bent dDacio hunrlare aolo. 
Si mlU de docia UenlBet plenMs tntdi 

Hanrire, ingmtem il saiiare altbn, 
Non ^o d^oteii duUloHUi on redlrem, 

Neo legetM Namtm fiila nibore iDeam. 
Sets bcDi, acU qnn me Tnt fil ai fmtlifa ManH 

Raptalili TCMro susnillt b gremio. 
Nee pede adhuc Gnno, nee Srmo deat^ negati 

pcacantem qnenilo nnutnure Laeiit opaa, 

I aerium KmM bellaitte per nquor. 



DigoB Ztnou/ Trimi nofnlsa digaa IM / 
O "ipii^m Ctrtrii cumulAti nuUMte Qunpii 

PoMlobttb Smmt qooi oolit ilia jngli 1 
O Mcri /liaAi / et aam Vatitms Umhv, 

QuH.raiseuti Avium PUridimqtu. choci I 
O CoHu/ Alsis nuUnt quo giatlor smnii I 

Araatbni diir^Ari/ iDvidlosui inefj I 
Ah mShI li vatiBi redibt bona fuitUa sedli, 

DMqoa Dots docU poue qulete fhil ; 
QmIu enuQ com me tnnqulU mmte Mdeoten 

^ndlMl In ilpt, CdMc MTcoe, »« : 
■ tudlMl poetiU floa ' 



l^mo liquidU ttdtlsqiM tlntul jnoft vUa *^*f^qt^ 

At DODO cccDose lues, otqne ob<ce mallo 

Rompltur «tuis nirbidot ordo men. 
Quid mihi Stqaani opui, 7^»uiuw max Tkyiriih 

Tu potb e« DOMtam toDen, CaiM, rtln. 
PcbIIx qui aunqaam plui tau ridertt amiu I 

Qalqne taAem Sahtii lltlora moK coQt I 
FoObc cad mut Untrntui nrdeicaa Uundrni. 

El ml PttuptrUi mfki Blwn powtt t 
TsrepOR col DaDo miieiB txftrimtia coE)stU, 

Ut TM bomuu temlat ««m /^iAi'// 
At noa frrfrr"* Apftna In awu dl (^mlt, 

Bt docnmaxonim Mlqne lop^ua dadlt. 
Com Capili BTulnim Diadma. Infractaqoe Sttfira, 

CoDtiuaiqne H(imimttm Sertt minaale nliiat, 
n MM tractaiiU Palum, 

Qnli potetlt ftagOem poM talia cradem pqqilni 

labml tcOpoU* naufrafiisqae Mori f 
To qoaqna in boo Ttrm (Fennlitl, Aeadimia, UiHu, 

(Nae fnMrij atqna ndal eo atr roime tMe. 
ContrcnmBce iftat paaU* PailadU fom ; 

Et limuU P-uImm laurta aancta iKnrinii. 
Ah qmutqnam batdm. pMton banc anrtcn Ntnuit, 

N«c aalum &JKr i((a BGare, vdh I 
Nofcti . 

In noijiu habeal : Jui 
Tt MaUlla brerhnn goios Immortale nepotom 

Ftandga ; Dea ttbl ifart IpM a^mttt artt. 
S^qicr plana mufDS oMd da fonu pvoinl 

FofTDOMS mitte* oJ^iira Mortii aijiuu. 
Sk KoMU hiuMtat qnoDdam, As noda dextill, 

(NaMqiM Mku ipfta Bdia, fooanj^) 

Implotavit opooi rapertm, qocatdique dnit, 
Ttiudt kdoiandiu Candida roemlKa cnuit. 






MOTHER moR tkb, fnmi t^ poor KM to tbee 

ThU uantj pladc« of van a&etlaD lae. 

Ah, betui gifts ibr tbee I Un woold poot 

Had bal »i gnuefbl baoda a laigar «taM. 

WU1 tbf >on'* Tsloe ia theM poor Hialni be bnowa. 

So badlj formed aad (o naHks Ibr mm? 

Tbe aured toalitape (rf a Motber'a gnce 

Hera wlb ibM bid f— the nlnrac ot tbj fMe ? 

Cowtej, ttaoBll mj, afUr lo man; ilaTi 

Hoped for, doAbrkicaiofadiMppelBtlagl^t? 

Wbat wk^ad Uilaa bi thdr waatoD piv 

Have placed a ch><yH"g wbore mj in&at la; t 

Naj bolj paraat. art titu cnel too 

Tby aon's fradk vowub whb nmgfa bwtd to teoew? 

AIM, QOkliidlrdoKJiMiocaeionier 

Fate, bat not tboo, m; MqMDOtbw a»j be I 

Ifin tbeMBKB'bEOK, bad been mf lot 

To spend mr giowtng jrear* and wuider not. 

If at Ibat iMniU Ibantaiii^bcad to lie 
Drinking, and m; bugs thint to latliiy ; 
WUb dmbtfol lip* jwa ear I ■hoold not daim, 
Nor "■nV'"C would jroa read mj wonhlcai namb 
Yon know what tampeu with woiid-WTecking ■waj'. 
From four dear Jaotom lutcbed toe quite a¥ray, 
A hdplfs babe with queniloos voice that cried 

So wben a warring wind has rent the air, 

And WinMt nln* banh blow! on Aotuou fair — 

71m appln Irani the treei unilpe are torn ; 

Vtnqniahed b; lioleiKS, they lie forlorn : 

The nio{ba-4i«ei are beard to ligb and oMum : 

Not ret eulb't generoiu Juloe bai bllad their vdni. 

Not yet the lun painted his totj oalai. 

O name of Cambridge, O moit pleslani louQd I 

Deep In my heart the love of tbee is ftiund. 

Pair, without luxuiy, thy Halls are seen ; 

And haH9 are the Uvei led tfaets, I ween : 

A splBidid porertj, of meanness iboro, 

A coBoeUnsis and beauty, noble-Ixxn : 

Daaien abode of all, woithy tbe name 

C>f mighty Kings— nay, worthy to proclaim 

The Triune God, and spread abroad His fane ; 

O 4eUi too rkbly piled wilb Cerat' gilts, 




TtaM^b poor, |iM «a*kd ty fntd^oMlv N 
Ah. If God mold r«v dMT Ul(hu n 

TbM MMOdi Md tfMM nr Ufi-I MWM lOMd 

WUm M tlw l%lM wWoli OB res MMn riMM, 
Nov din mr «■•, ud all ny nrtU d«r« 

For Mm or TImbm or TflHr, wbM on 1 r 

Thott, CiBalaar 

Happr wlw •■■* > iia(t* * 


Ifap9r to «(>aai t>N tmrfid wortd looki Imm, 

TfM poTCtty iiimIi b rtdalaf ho* I 

To whon tha Md w p^k n i M aa'ar li faraafbii 

But u bM FoftaM tMfht wkb all bw km, 
Aad fl*«B n praoA of H, eaoath ud nom 
We hara bahdd a njal b««d and wown 
Aod brokM MeptN ndiijr nmliUd dcm, 
And btuuan ttanaU ai»bad bj Fkta'a Wmilinil 

Tlw iporu of Deadnj, obMi Booe can fnlda, 
Aad tt« worid'a wMHh npMiMd wKb rnla wida. 
Who DOW win tnifl Ui IraB bafk to the Aodu 
0( the nide (M— to MpwnAi and itt tocfa ? 
Thou loo had mnUol ia tbti fieat Mithqtwka, 
O CwBbridp, aad baM iBk Or halli to ibab : 

AiKI faand iha laond tree naw UfbtalBf wfld. 
Ab, would OmI Ood would nna thla pkfoa awBf, 
(Thoogb ta^ii nor fhw np \o War's fan iwar 
~ ~ " ~ n that Maad h) fclr aifay. 
Let Qi, thf^ 

Prom thy womb's fount pamnial, wltbonl end, 
Thy boonteotu Mreami ^ Toath thai Aaw twen bnuh 
TathalitlDuaofaU-devcnntag Death. 
So Venoa once, wounded bf bmnan hand, 
(For asahut woondi Id war not Oodi can Maad), 
AAed help of Heaven and ceaMd not to compbiin. 
Her white Umbi colonred with a woadraus ttain. 
Whr doR compblB ? Tbeae tbo«t4h«d gitob dofplM ; 

Spkat ii suffidcDtljr explicit md deim- 
iive on tlm criiii in hit WocdiT's M017. 
I tberdbn bll back upoD him : — 

•WbHlWCMl Wm bralw a«l, bb aftoiM V 
IW Kii^aCaMadivwUBtoO^M^MaoMMil 
bcfaa to b« tlM (Uaf taat oT the Royal Pai^. In 
that UaiTCnhr he pwaac f d Iht mmt Stadiea with 
a nfc« -~*-7- Nor ht the ■fanllax «ai he ■ ■■■■ W 
t0 Ui daty in the War ttad^ for he wu preaeU aai 
hi MTTiw In MTCnd of the Kia^ Jo«mers Md 
EapadJtioM. Br tboe oecanoM and O* lepon of 
hU Ugh dcaarti, be ^laedtlj p«« h^Jliar 10 Iht 
chief p»n of the Cooit and (ha Gown, whoa the 
Fortanc of tha War ^d diawa tg(eth«. A^ 
panicaUdr, tboa(h ha wta ihta vary yaaa^ ha had 
the cndre Maodihip of my Lonl /UtfaxA Ma of te 
Ftlndpal Saerataria of Stata. That n*ptlnti «•• 
Gootracted by the ati«ement of thdr Learatac aad 
Maonen. For yoti mar icDenber Sir, [CUIbri] 
we have often heard Hi. CvkUj admire him, not 
oolr far the profbaDdneH of hit Knowledge, wfaidi 
WB* applanded br all the World, bat more opacUllr 
for tboat qoalitle* which ha himaelT more lagaide^ 
lot hii generoaitr of Mind, and liii nc^ect of the 

Dr. Johnson timiluly individualiies ' the 
kindneBs and confidence' of 'thow who 
attended the King,' and ' amongst others, tA 
Lord Falkland, whoae notice cast a lustre 
on all to whom it «m extended ' (L 7). 

Sir John Eliot's great ' N^ttmm Piaitv- 
9ntm'* lifts die curtain on the men and 
erenH in Oxford. It is a pitiable spectade 
diat is presented, much as if one were 
shown Bsne men and women ('jemKnuH' 
and 'bir ladies') adjusting their perukes 
and patches respectiTeljr, while an earth- 
quake was shaking the solid earth beneath 
them, or a tempest crashing above them 
'threatening ruiti.* Edgehill had driven 
* the King's Fartf ' to Oxford ; and New- 
burr and Marston Moor came after, and 
shattered the delusive hopes of king and 
cavalier. Ilie Queen fled to Psiis; and 

I Sw AppMlli I 



Abnham Cowley, breaking tmaj from hit 
schoUriy studies, accompxmed, at shortly 
after followed her. He beoune Secretuy to 
Lord Jennjn, aAowirds Earl of St AHun's. 
Of tUs period and onward, I shall again 
allow his fint Biogn^er to speak : — 

• Daring the hut of the CitU War, he ww Mtled 
in mj Loid S* AUaiii Funilr, uid attended her 
If^otj the Qoeen-lfother, when hj Qie nnJQtt 
poKCDtioa of ha Sobjccb, Jm wat fMced to ledn 
into Fi-amct. Upon tldi wandring cooditian of tbe 
most TigoTooi part of hii life, he waa wont to reflect, 
ma the cause of the long intetraptuM of tiu Stodiet. 
Yet we ha*e no reaion to think that he 1a*t *o ereat 
a 4pace of Time, tf w« oooBdet in what boiineM be 
aap^A hi> baiuthroent. He wai absent from hit 
naOiTc Conntijr abore twelje Tcan ; wbidi wen 
whollj (pent either in bearing a share in Che dittrewet 
of the RoyaH FavUf , or in labonrioe in their A&irs, 
To tUi pnrpeee he p er formed Mrera] dangerou 
jooneri into Jirwf, Sallamt, Pbitdtn, BtOmtd, at 
wbererer else the Klng^ TnaUes teqsir'd his •n«nd' 
ancc fint the chief TettiiaoiiT of hi* Fiddltj, was 
the laborioas serrice he underwent in BujntainiDg Che 
eonstant oorretpondenoe between tike late King and 
Oe Queen bia Wfe. In that weightr Trait he 

wwaspeeted ncre^. Foihecfphei'daMlde^pheT'd 
with hii own hand ttiegnatest part <rfall the Letters 
that paned between Ch^ Hajettie*, and manag'd a 
vast Intelligence in nuny other parts : whidi for 
■OOM Tears togMhw took np all hit days, and two oe 
three ai^t* creiy wodc' 

His Letters, which we have for fA<j&-f/i!(Mf 
reproduced from the 'MisttUanta AuUca ' (in 
our Vol II. pp. 343-353), fiimish specimens 
<tf the conespondeiu:e carried on. Sooth to 
say it most have been unkindly task-work 
for such a genuine bookish man as was 
Cowley. Sprat cotitinues i — 

'At kngdi iqMa hit piCMnt Hajestle's remoral 
oat of AvMor, and the Qoeen Mother** ttajing be- 
hind, the ba^neat of that nature passed of coaite 
into otbsT hands. Then it was Chaaght fit by those 
cftwhotthedefMaded, that be should come over into 
Eit^nd, and twder pretence of privacy and letire' 
tnent, should take occasion of giving notice of cbe 
posture of things in this Nation. Uptm hi* retnm he 
fbnnd his Cooatry grosAing under the oppre**i<n of 
an unjost UsaipUiaa. And be Mcn fdt the eftctt 

of it. For while he lay hid in ZoMEns, he was sdi'd 
on by a mistake, the search baring been intended 
after another Gentleman, of considerable note in the 
King's Party. Being made a Prisoner, be was often 
examined b^ore the Usurpers, who tryed all imagin- 
able ways to make him serviceable to their end*. 
Tlwt cootse not prevailing, he was committed to a 
severe restraint ; and scarce at last obtained his 
liberty npon the hard terms of a Thousand ponnd 
Bail, which burden Dr. [Sir Charics] Scarborough 
very bononrably took upon hinuell Under these 
BondsbeawtlotwdtiimiegenBmlKdcmptlon. Vet 
Ukiog the oppoitiuuQ of the Conlhiiais that fallowed 
npon Cromwell's dead^ he ventured back into AwKf, 
and there remained in the Mune Station at before, 
till near the Cime of the King'* reCnm.' 

It is not worth while at this dme o' day, 
and with the rerdict won by Thoiue 
CAiti.7i.E and John Forstek, and J. L. 
Lak CFOKD — to name only these — for the so- 
called 'Usurper*,' to trawrse the royalist 
objurgadoDS and fidsehoods, or such lan- 
guage as this. I would only put it before 
every judicial mind if a 'bond' of £taoa 
were ' hard terms ' for the release of a man 
whose object (as his Biographer avows) was 
to be a 'Spy' for the Queen-mother, and 
'the Prince '(Charles il), 'under pretence 
of privacy and retirement '? or if it is matter 
for wonder that one placed so near the royal 
exiles were ' suspect^' and dealt with accord- 
ingly? As for the allegation that the 
'Usurpers' tried 'all imaginable ways to 
make him serviceable to their ends,' it refrites 

Within these busier and (in a sense larger) . 
events and pre-occupations, three minor 
things demand record and emphasis — 

Jflrit — As every one knows who knows 
anything of our literary history, Richard 
Crjuhaw in 1646 was also a Royalist 
' fugitive ' in Paris. He had no friend ' at 
Conrt,' and sank sorrowfully soon into utter- 
most destitution. Cowley, who had been hia 
< inward friend ' at Cambridge, discovered 
this, and brought him timeous help and 
wealth of empathy and reverence. I, iw 



one, place &r abore politictl plot* Mtd tpjr- 
ing, ' CTphering aad decyphering,' the rerte- 
memonal that remains of thii friendship in 
(a) The fine poenu on sending of Apricots 
and on Hope — though both preceded this 
time; {b) The publicatioa of Cnshnw's 
daindljr-illnstnUed Poems 'Cannen Deo 
Nostio, Te Decet Hymnus,' 165a.' Onward 
(11. Critical) I shall bring up the glorious 
poem 'On Mr. Ciashaw,' tkai w on his 
death, as well as the other two named. But 
meanwhile one gladly ' turns aside ' from the 
dissonance* and antagonisms and rivalries 
and measureless selfishaestes of these exiled 
Royalties and Royalists to this sweet idyll 
of Cowley and CratbaVa intercouise in 

Steond. — His Love-Foenu, entitled <The 
Mtitresse w Seuerall Copies of Lore- Verses' 
appeared in 1647, prior to his rejoining the 
Queen in that year, and be it specially 
noted, prior to the surrender of Charles (l) 
to the Protector.' Of these and the tiadi- 
tionaiy criticism from Di. Johnson until 
now, that has been perpetrated about theoif 
I shall have more to say (II. Critical). But 
at this point, it is pleasant to Icam by such a 
publicatio«, that spite of hi* 'trouble*,' all 
was not gloom and despotidency. Tlie 
Royalists indeed — as a rule — were not given 
to melancholy. They laughed their genial 
if ill-timed laughter even in the face of ' the 
lean fellow that beats all conqueroca.' 
Evidence remains that Cowley held aloof 
from their gaieties and frivolitieB and un- 

I Scsmr odiikacftlwcoinplanFaeaiofCiMhiiTilnFalbr 

■ The Pic&a oTiha PiiUUMrd«aul7 dlatulHi iha Aoilui^ 

■ PapyiiUKiHaaiiiciMnUcaiMcdMBorilHKiiiclCkiiria 
II.) on thB uthority of Cowter, Tim— 'Dec I, i«6l Ur. 
Hcia did BlM oil ne M k pal mth, « Mf Uld il h 
Mr. Crni^, wl* ■» h, •w' Ami^ ", t>>*^ Toa KilUpvw 
■hosid publiqnlyuU lb* Kinc Ihu Ui nwDcnvan coaiini 
iuaimylll tuaa; tnltfiat Td ibcnvu xnjui hdii lU. 
SayilH, ■■TWnliaKMd.hcBM, aUa^UiibKilcouUtiraM^ 

nm£— Other Books appealed : In 1648 
aSatiteaititl^'TheFonrAgesof Eagjaad* > 
waa pttblisbea)Hf#cioasly widi bis name on 
it* title-page, and in the tame year anothai 
called 'A Satire apunst Sepaiatists' wiA 
' A. C Generoaus ' on its titlefage, and wfakdi 
wa* interpreted u standing for 'Abraham 
Cowley, Gentleman.' Neither was lealljr 
bis. He formally disavowed the former am 
r e pr es ented by one of its agea, ' Tbe Iiob 
Age,' hi the ' Prefrwe' of 1656. In 1650, 
'The Guardian' waa surreptitiously published ; 
and though he denounced its publication, 
we are thankfiil that it wu ' [sinted.' Then 
are racier things ia it than in its smoothened 
form of 'Cutter of Coleman Street.' Id 
1656 — ^prepared in prison as is certified by 
Sprat, in his vindication of his Loyalty, and 
so another addition to Books written in 
Prison — came the folio of tbe ' WoAs of A. 
Cowley,' — of whose contenu I shall have a 
good deal to submit in the sequel (II. 

Apart fitim outward ciicnmstaBcea, anna- 
ii^ if darkly set Ibrth by his Biogn q )her , 
as our Country ' groaning under tbe oppres- 
sion of an unjust umipation ' (ahem I) it wu 
a very different litenuy England to which 
be Aeftuously returned. Bik Jomcw bad 
died the autumn aflw his going to Cam- 
bridge (August t6, t637), John FoKDand 
Thomas Caszw had followed shortly (1639X 
Philip Massingkr at a still briefer interval 
(March r?, 1640), Nathamikl Fni", aitd 
Sir John Suckling the next year (1641). 
Even Wiu.iamCartvricht(i643), Francis 

that IT ion Hiu«tT w 

thing! wan eitcuted. all [hiug, would k 

thim !• oM ChiilM Stsut. wbo now tevub bli tin* ia ■» 

ploTiBEhiiKptasdlutiabsatlhaCaut, ud iiMIi an adur ^ 

tiaimmH; liiil irj il full i liliii llili iia|lii|Mnl.fci iiin 

iha final mu ia Ilia wwld is fimlm It.' TUt, b* ««•, la 
nuHt tne ; but tlu King do Dot profit Itt aoT of tJai^ bdl lay» 
all aaldt, ud raaaembin aothiac, bat to hii pleacnifii jgaia ; 
wliidi li ■ mi cw fu l csmldcnitiaB ' (Mjnkcn Bri^u^ hni, 
<roL i*. p. its), Tnilr It mi Baal aaaas dia |itai>liaM vIlMI 
' Tta Killifvw ' aanud the (oactioa cf Iha Sati. 



QUdUtLte (1644), and WiLLtAH Dsvmhoni), 
of Hftwthoraden (1649), and loved and 
luBcnted Richard Crasraw (1650), were 
all gone over to the msjority. Robbkt 
HxsKici; was Kill 'about town' {his He»- 
perides putdished in 1647/8), and Dr. Hehrv 
More working on his * Psyche.' WvCHBRLEV 
(bom 1640) waa only in his earlier breeches : 
OxwAY (bora 165 1) in petticoats or little 
beyond. From John Milton, then in the 
prime of bis splendid manhood, he was 
sundered by an abys^mal chasm. 

Fieed &om prison, though still probably 
under surveillance, he proceeded to Oxford, 
and there took the degree of M.D. His 
bocA 'Dt Piantarmn,' shows — not over- 
pleasantly sometimes — that he had 'inter- 
meddled * with anatomy and maiaia rneHca. 
It may have been that his original intention 
was to become a ^ysician. Be this as it 
may, his Biographer held the thing to have 
been a mask. Dr. Jofanaon, recuiring to the 
' something ' in the ' Pre&ce ' of 1656, and 
the ' compliance,' thus gaUiers up the threads 
of the stOTy : — 

'K« then look vponhimadf the <iuacter of plijr- 
AAaA, idU, Accoidine t« Spot, wiih Intention " to 
diweoU^l^ the ibbid deM£n o(hi*e*3niiicO¥er ;^ "mi 
W Mr. [AiUhony] Wood tgUIo, "oompljing with 
MUC of the mco then in power (which wu mock 
ttken notice of bjp the Koyal Futy), he obtained in 
ocdei to be created doctor of phjnc, which bong 
done to hit nind (whereby he guoed the ill-will of 
lome of hi* feiendt), he went into France again, 
baring made a cop; of venei on Oliver'* death " ' — 
[the hut a mit-repoct appaientl; of tlie ' Vwon *].' 

'This,' proceedi the great MoraU>t, 'it nofaTOnri 
able npiesentation, yet even in thii not moch wMog 
can be diicoTeied. How Hx he complied with the men 
in power i« to b« inquired before h« can be blamed. 
It ii not taid that he told them an; aecrets, or awitted 
them b]r inldligenoe, or an; other act. If he only 

' Wood HI ini ID '—■""■" thai lb* ' Vena ' «•■ iq Uoda- 
tiCD of CnnwvIL Dr. Jolunn jiutlr nuiub ■ Of tba wh 
<■ CWw-i <lMh, la whldi Wood-a auralin kou io implT 

lb fovamaoat, IihIcwI, with fcn«t 

promised to be qniet, dwt Aey in whoae handt he 
ma might free Um &ob confinement, he did what 
no law of todety prohibits. 

' The man whose miscairiage in a just caose has pat 
him in the power of hii enemy may, without any 
violation of hit integrity, regain hli liberty or 
pres e rve bit life bj a promise of nentralily : for the 
stipulation give* the enemy nothing wbidi he had 
not before ; the nentiality of a captive may be alwaya 
secured by his inqwisimment or deatfai He that it 
at the disposal of another may not promise to aid 
him in any injnriooa ac^ becaaae no power can 
compel active obedience. He may engage to do 
noOiDg, but not to do UL 

'There is reaaon to think that Cowley promised 
little. It does not i^pear that his compliance gained 
him confidence enough to be trusted withoat security, 
for the bond of his bail was never cancelled ; nor 
that it made ^i™ thinfc himself tectue, ibr at the 
dissolution of Government which followed the death 
of Oliver, he returned into Fiance, when he retamed 
bis former station end stayed till the Restoration. 
"He continued," tays bis biographer, "under these 
bonds till the general deliverance " [I intercalate that 
Dr. Johnson substitntes this for 'redemption' — signifi- 
cantly] : it is tberefbre tobe tapposedthat hedid not 
go to France and act again for the Ku^ without the 
consent of bis bondsman ; that he did not show his 
loyalty at the hazard of his Mend, but by his Mend's 
permistioQ ' — [a generous ' suppositioQ ' that I am 
willing to believe). ' A doctor,' finally, says Johnson, 
' of physic, however, he was made at Oaibrd in 
December 1657 ; and m the commencement of the 
Royal Society, of whidi an account has been given 
by Dr. Birch, he appears busy among the experimental 
philosopher! with tbe title of Dr. Cowley.'' 

The main outcome of his ' physician ' 
episode, is his ' De Umitarvm' : — 

'There is no reaion,' coDtinne) 'the Life,' 'for 
supposing that he ever attempted practice; but his 
preparatory studies have contributed something to tbe 
honour of his country. Considering botany as 
necessary to a physician, he retired into Kent to 
gather plants; and, atlbe pf«doiiunanceofaGivoBritc 
study afiectt all nbotdinata operations ctf the intdlect, 
botany In the mind of Cowley turned into poetry. He 
eompoaed in Latin several boolu on plants, of which 
the Eiit and second display the qualities of herb*, in 
elegiac vene ; the third uid fboitb, the beauties of 
floweis, in various measures ; and the fifth and sixth, 
the naes of trees, in heroic nnmbet*.' * 

1 Ailiafiin,pp.ii-». l/MiC 



A copy of the volume cootuning d>e &it 
two booka of hia ' De FlwiUmm' wu lent 
to hii old muter, teirible Dr. Richard 
Buiby. A little letter that accompanied it 
may be introduced at this poiu : — 
■ To the Rer. Dr. Ricrabd Btrnr. 

'Sn,— I dKnU b«Tv nwde jon Ibii mow ptcMU 
beTon, bat thmt I bare tMcn ou of town ; um) u hibh 
Uiingi tn too |t«u, m tbli fm loo Bnia U be MM br. 
It I vac not wbU acqnalBUil wUi jixa cuidoiir, uid 
roar paitkulaT flnmr lo me, It would be i— dnew to 
ventdn lUi ofalnel In tfa* preiiao* of w gnM nd m> 
loBf-ptactlaed > tndge of Utne nettcn. Il n«j b« » 
fitter oilenalBiiMnl bn Mqw of joor ■cfaolan tlua for 
rotmdf, and ii a man proponknable coaifiitoB to 
the hjraop (has the oedan of LebaDOO. I aak. Ihere- 
fore. four panloo Ibr (hi* lfi>an;fi and aoi, witta freat 

Prior to the publication oi^'De .Kam- 
tamm,' a minor incident took place, of which 
there is a bright little merooriaL 'There 
was,' sayi the biographer of ' The Great Lord 
Faiifiu,' Clemkhts R. Markham, — ' a gay 
and brilliant wedding at Bolton Percy Church 
on September 15, 1657, attended by all the 
families in the neighbourhood, and Cowliy, 
the Duke's best man, wrote the following 
sonnet in honour of the occasion : — 
" Now bleulDsi to thy DoUe choloe betide, 

Happy and bappy-niakliix bride I 

Thoofch tboa art of a victatf oui laoe, 

And all tbelr rooBfas Tlctoy dost gian 

Hmtb fcstle tttoropbi of Ihr Cue, 

Pcnnit lu in iMi ■afldo' war to prin 

No leM Iby jMdlDg bean Ibaa tbf vktorioiu Bfm, 

Nor doubt the hoDonr of that fidd 

When tboa dldit fint o'crcome <re tboo didn jldd. 

And tbod^ tbj fubei't inanfal name 

Hu lIDed the tmmpeu and the dninu of fante^ 

Tby bnAand trhonpfa* now no leM than he, 

And it may Jimly qnesdooed lie 

Which WM die bappiea oonqnaqrof tba Onk" 

The "husband" was George Viluers, 
DtiXE or BucuNOHAM, the "bride" that 
Mary Fairfax, irtiom her venerated father 

t Fnn NieluU Illnantim of tba Ulmr Bkttxj id the 
ZicfaMantli Cotnnr, . . . toL <t. itn (id SenM): p. jgj— 
Letteti to DTp Buby, with i tnrneDdom poctrah of hiiiL 

detigfaied to call hi* « UoO." and «Ao had 
fortotOTDO less than Avmxw Martsix, — ai 
iriiosc poems she has a iecme tminactality. 
The wretched aftc»areer of the Duke KOI 
lay &r ahead in the fiituie. CowieyhappOy was 
gone before the wont. Alaa, " Hary " (atyled 
"PrinccM" on bet tomb in Heaiy VlL't 
ch^>et) lived on till aoth October i704.'> 

In 1660, the Exile returned to England in 
hothaate to put to press a vast Pindaiiqoe 
* Oiie M Ait Afaja/yt Jiesloratum aiid Sthtm.' 
In 1 66 1 he published ' A Ditctmrte 6y wt^ 
if Vititm eonceming tie GovemmaU ^ Oiitxr 
Crtimwdl! In 1663 he collected ' Verus mi 
Sa>€rai Oaasions.' 

Well has Mr. Gosse observed:— 

' It wa« to b« isppaMd tiiat tf any Haa deamad 
KWMd, it was be who witb to mck pvitf ^ 
pnipote and devoted icmcc bed e^t^ t^ l^it yoai* 
of a flooiiibing yooth lo the ddpaiiiof caoae of the 
king, and vbo, io tinte of all tenplatioo^ had nercT 
wmTticd In hU acUn fidelity. Bat C(xirt«T was aot 
the man to win hoooon in ack a oowt at tfaal of 
Quika ti. Of Buter* Ufa, a dnoar* and •*» ripd 

UrinCi lu wa* looked npoo with mqncioD by the gay 
batteriUei that locked to WUldall. Charles Um- 
•eU^ wbo admired U« fenhn and tesp e de d bin 
diuicter, was pn^adlcad ^aiait Un bj qritdU 
tnngaa^ wtwpotoed toewtaiapatittcpawafeeinMi 
wriUnft, Bi If they prored hia lakewanoncM In te 
loyaliK canw. Nothing coold be mote wantonly 
onjwt la ptdnt oS bet, Charles wai loo i«ady to 
embrace hit eiMmks and let hii Mcudi ihift to 
theaee l Tes. The poeti,boweTcr, managed to prortde 
to the mi elTea. Tbe easy Tnm-ooat, Waller, came 
•Upfnagbodtoooarlt Henkk regsioed hit Tlearage 
■nd Roacommaa hit wealth and inttsctice. "In that 
year when manna rained on all, why tboold flie 
HoMa' fleace only be dry?" lamented Covrtcy, wlio 
feimdUmseir alone anwatwed by the golden dMwcr 

SnuT weightily tells 'the conclusion <d 
the whole matter,' and I know not that I can 



do better than here give his namuive in 
completeness : — 

' Up<» the Kinc') happj RcttannttiaD, Ur. CvteUf 
wm* put tbe fwtHth jmi of tuj Age ; ol which Ibe 
giwtest put had beoi qxot in m nrioo* and tcmpe*- 
tnoa* condition. He now thoucfat he bad wicnficed 
enoo^ of his life to hi* curioiitj and eiperiencb 
He bad enjoyed many eicellent occaiioni of obaem^ 
tion. He had been pmeot in many great revoludcmi, 
which in that nunoltnoiu time diatub'd the Peace of 
all onr Nd^boar-State% ai well as onr own. He bad 
netu-lj [— doielyj beheld all the iplendonr of the 
higbett part of mankind. He had lived in the 
pioence of Prince*, and &miliariy convened with 
greatneai in all it* desreei, whid wa* neceamy for 
one that woold contemn it aright ; for to «com the 
pomp of the Woild bcToM a ixiui knowa it, doei 
commonly proceed rather from ill Manitert, than a 
true Magnanimity. 

* He was now weary of the ventions and fbnnalitiel 
of an active conditian. He bad been perpl<ud with 
a long compliance to Foreign Huxttcn. He w« 
ntiated with the Aiti of Court : whi<di lort of life, 
thoDgh hia virtue had made innocent to him, yet 
nothing could make it quiet. These were the reasoni 
that moved him to foigo all Publick Employments, 
and to follow the violent lucUnatiCHt of hi* own mind, 
whidi in the greateit thioi^ of hli (bnner teitineM, 
bad itill called upon him, and rcpreaented to him tha 
Hue delight* of tolitary Studiea, of tempeiste Plea- 
tuns, and of a moderate Kevenue, below the malice 
and flatteries of Portaoe. 

' At Gnt he waa but lianderly provided for toA a 
ntiieuent, by rcuon of hbi Travel*, and the Affiic- 
tioat of the Party to whi(A he adhend, which had 
put him quite out of all the roadi of gain. Yet, 
notwilhstanding the narrownesB of hii Income, he 
remained fixed to hi* reK>lation, upon hi* confidence 
io the temper of hia own mind, wUeh he knew bad 
contracted it* deriR* into lo onall a compai% that a 
veiy few thing* would mpply them all. But upon 
the settlement of the Peace of our Nation, thi* 
binderance of h<3 design wa* toon remov'd : for he 
Aen obtain'd • plentiful Eitate, by tbe &v«ut of my 
Lord St. AlbmCi, and the bounty of my Lord Duke 
of Btttka^toiit ; to whom he waa always most dear, 
and whom he ever leipected, aa hia principal FaCions. 
Tbe last of irtitch gnat men, yon know. Sir, it ii my 
duty to mention, not only for Mi. Cvwtti^t take, but 
my own ; though I cannot do it, without being 
Hhain'd, that having the nune Eneonngcr of my 
Studiea, I should deserve his Patronage so mnch 


' Thn* he wo* tnfficiently lumlshed for hi* retreat. 
And immediately he gave over all punuit of Hononr 
and Riches, in a time, when, if any ambitious or 
covetous thongha had remun'd in his mind, be 
might justly have expected to have tbem nadily 
satisfied. In his last bcvki 01 eight yean he wai 
concealed in his beloved obscurity, and posseis'd 
that solitude, which from bl* very childhood he bad 
always most pasaiaiutely desired. Though he had 
freqaent invitations to return into business, yet he 
never gave ear to any penwasions of PioGt or Pn> 
fennenL Ht* visit* to the City and Court wen very 
few : his stays in Town were only as a Passenger, 
not an Inhabitant. The places that he chose for the 
seats of his decUnii^ life, wen two or three Village* 
on the bank of the Thama. During tbi* recess, hit 
mind was rmlher exercised on what wa* lo come, 
than what was past ; he toflered no more business, 
nor cares of life to come near him, than what were 
enough to keep his sonl awake, but not to disturb iL 
Some few Friends and Boojcs, a cheerful heart, and 4, 
innocent Conscience wen hu constant Companions. 
His Foctty indeed be took with him, but he made 
that an Anchorite, a* well a* himself: he only dedi> 
cated it to the service of bis Maker, to deuribe the 
great images of Religion and Virtue wherewith hi* 
mind abounded. And he employed his Musick to 
no other use, than a* hi* own David did towards 
Saml, by noging the praises of God and of Nature, 
to drive the evil spirit out of men's nunds. ' 

We must retuni upon these more general 
statements of Spiiat. Specifically, he had 
been 'promised,' both by Charles i. and 
Charles 11., die ' MastersUp of the Savoy,' 
which was the ' Rachel ' for which he tells us 
in 'The Complaint' he had served and 
waited ' twice seven years ' in vain, and even 
without a substituted ' Leah.' Such a post 
over BO splendid a charity — though in de- 
cadence at the period — would have been 
just such as he could have filled efiectively, 
and at same time have commanded ' learned 
leisure.' Anthony a-Wood states that ' he 
lost it by certain persons enemies to the 
Muses.'' It fires one's blood to-day to 
know that hts supplanter was one of the 
KiLLiGKBWs, viz., Henry, brother of the 
notorious Tom Killigrew, * groom of the 

1 Wood, A a, u bafon. 



bedchtmber to Charlet il, utd elder 
brother of Ladj Shannon, one of thxt 
monarch's suny miitrestea.' ' This disap- 
pointment was Kicceeded b^ a n other, foi^ 
a< Dr. Johnson pots it : — 

' The negUet oF the Cooit wu not hii onlr mew 
tUictition I hann^ bj ndi iltoatiaD u he thought 
propa-. Cited hii old comedy of the " GnardUn " 
for the Stags, he produced it [8th Dec. i66i] uidef 
the title of "Cutter of Coleman^tieet" It wh 
tieated on the Stage with great leTeritr, and vai 
tftcTwanbcenfvred a* a wtire oo the Kiog't party. 
Mr. Dtr<len, -wtia went with Ut. Sprat to the 
fint exhibition, related to Mr. 0«nni^ " that, when 
*" they told Cowley how little bvoni h«d been ihovn 
him, he received the new* of hii iH aKcen not with 
to modi Grmnen a* might have beco expected hxjm 
■o great a nun." What Gnunen th^ expected, or 
what weahneu Cowley diicovcTed, cumot be known. 
He that itii«e« hi* end will never be aa mnch pleaied 
M he that attain* it, even when he can imfote no put 
ofhiibiltuetohtmtelf ; andwhenthecndlitopleaM 
the mnltitode, no man, pohapa, has a right. En thingi 
admitting of gradatioti and compaiiioa, to throw the 
whole blame apon hii jodgea, and totally to exdode 
AttM-Tu^ tai. ihame by a haughty conicioiuneM of 
hit own excellence. For the rejectioo of tint play It 
ii difficult now to find the reason : it certainly has, in 
a very great degree, the power of fixing attention 

Against this retailed gossip of 'rejec- 
tion' and charges of 'disaffection,' two 
things are to be placed, (n) The sptiitcd 
and in no wise 'despondent' vindication 
of himself and his purpose in 'Cutter 
of Coletnan Street' in the Preface of the 
published Play: (J) An entry in Downcs' 
Rotdut An^ieaniu (is" 1708, p. 15), 'This 
comedy being acted so perfectly well and 
exac^ it was performed a whole week 
with a fiill audience.' We also know tliat 
it was 'acted' not only at Cambridge, but 
several times afterwards privately during the 
prohibition of the Stage, and publicly at 
Dublin, and always with applause.' More- 
over, Pepys has this contemporary notice : — 

r> HHuridi of tb« Saivr (iBr^X P- 15 


[the Dokc^ Hone, or fl'l iwiaiii'i Tknticl -w^kc 
there wai a new play (Cntter of Coleaan StracXJ 
wAm In A* jma l6jl, with rrfoctlnM mtA ^k» 
the Intc tines; nd It bcii« the firattne, the p«y 

aMtyfoodplsykk. ItN 


Pepys' opinioa may not go far tnodL 
Still the performance of the PUy foe ' a ^AkAc 
week, with a fiitl audience,' must modify Ae 
strong statements of ' Ur. Diyden ' and the 
nA At the swne time the Author's own 
Piebce certainly confirms the fuitfaer ' Note ' 
of Downes (as before) — 'Note, Tlus play 
Was not ft little injurious to the Cavalier in- ^_ 
digent officers, cspectaUy the characteis of ' 
Cutter and Worm.' Probably the absence 
from the perfOTnance of the King and Coort 
most galled Cowley, and revived his earlia 
' vehement desire ' for retirement, albeit Dr. 
Johnson was jusd&ed in deagnating Anthony 
Wood 'morose,' in respect of Mis accoont 
of that retirement, which thus runs : — ' Not 
6ndiiig that preferment conferred upon him 
which he expected, while others for Qieir 
money carried ftway most places, he retired 
discontented into Sorrey.** 'Weary' and 
'sick of heart' in view of the hollownen of 
Court and Courtien (with rare excepti(»s), 
had better expressed his filling. I daresay 
on the rule that a gad-fly's sting is more 
irritating and intolerable to the bovine hide 
than ft blow or wound, Cowley was as mnch 
annoyed by a satiric poem that drculated at 
the time, as by the lai^ wrong (or neglects). 
For all these unlucky incidents, as well as the -i- 
publication of ' The Complaint,' where the 
poet described himself as 'the noelancholy 

1 tliTBiK Bi%lii^ adB. (iCn). i. ]>» Unr, vtOm iim tfh 
Aa|ut ifi6S, wilian l)ii> witiTi Tatlw Dikiof YaVt 
pl&y-boue, md thvrv mr "Tlu Qmrdiaii," fimerlr thB 
M. 1 faij. thM wMiallaJ Ottwrof CnliMM Snnt; *nllr 
plaT'(T. ^4t. Yaoibdon ihii P^r* ^^ «'rl««B >-' igt 
Fth. iWcVi, I xbIi (owA bon* iukI Hut iki nunc ia read- 
hsol'iI'liD plsr. t^ ffMnfrtitim Jamian' (i. MSiX 

■ A* befcni IV. ij-i^ 



Cowley,' md his .landatokr verses on Take** 
• Adventure* of Five Hotn,' were tiius spite- 
fully brought togethff >T^ ' ■ 
' Banofolmiag Cowley cuw into cont, 
Makkig BixdagiM fin bii bad pky t 
Evaiy OH 0ne 1mm M good • report, 

That ApcdlagiTB heed to all he «eald «7 1 
Nor wobU he hare had, 'tit tbongtit, a tebake, 

Unlenhe hid dotM lome uoUble hHj ; 
Writ rtiwi DDJoMlj in pniae of Sam Tnkei 
Or printed hii iiitifnl Melanchidf.' 

Looking over Spraf s narrative — as already 
quoted in fiill — Dr. Johnson, to whom a 
walk down Fleet Street waa ' opening Para- 
dise' and 'the country' an infliction, sum- 
tnarises and moralises on the Poefa letiie- 
mcnt Once moie this must be given in 
integrity . — 

• So diSnently we thtt^ teeni knd lo diSerentlr 
are th^ shown I bat aeflbm :sn visible^ though 
modTci are leaeL Cowlej certainly reliied t &itt 
to Bam-elnli, and afierwaidi to Chertaey, in Snirej. 
He aeem^ howna, to hare loit part of hii diead of 
the "hnin of loen" iVAlUgre of Milton]. He 
thought himielf now trie enough from intmaion, with- 
out the defenoe of momitaina aBd ooeint caadimtaad 
bf teelddg ihelter in America, wiiety went otAj ao 
lar from tbe btistle of life aa that he might taHj 
find hia w>7 back, wbensolilnde should growtedioua. 
Hii retreat waa at Gr«t but ■Lenderly Kcooauoodated; 
yet be Mon oMaincd, by tbe intereat of tbe Eari of 
SL Alban^ and (be Duke of BadUngbsM, ru'db' a 
leue of the Queen't lands aa afforded him an ample 
income. By the lover of virtue and of wit it will be 
•obcdtoosly etked if be now wa* bappy. I<et them 
peittte oBe of h& telten acddcnuUIy presemd by 
Peck, which I lecommend to the cooperation of aO 
that may beceafter pant Iof xolitude. 

•"To Da. Thomas Spsat. 

' "Chkrtset, si May, 1665, 

' " The 6nt night ihat I came hither I caaght w 
gnat a oold, with a dednrion «f riien», ai made me 
keep my chamber ten day* j and, two after, had neb 
a bruice on my ribi with a &1], that I tun yet tuUble 
to move or tnm mysdf in vy bed. .Tliii ii my pet- 
■onal brtane hoe to begin wilhi - And, bendet, I 
can get no money froln my tenants, and bare ay 
meadows eaten up every night by cattle put in by my 
nei^iboiin. What thit tignifiea, or may come to in 
tfane, God Imowi { if it be omiwNit it (am «nd ia 

be«n, and stiaager than all the rest, that yon have 
broke your WOTd with me, and failed to come, even 
tbongh yon told Mr. Boil that yoa would. Tbi» is 
what they call marairi itmiii. I do hope to teoover 
my lale hurt ao bire within fire or its days (ttongh 
it be QDcertain yet wh^lipr I shall aver recover it) M 
to walk about again. And tben, methinks, you and 
I, and tbe Dean migfat be very merry npcm St. 
Anne^s HilL Yon migfat veiy oonreniottly come 
hither tbe way ot Hampton town, lying diera one 
i^gfaL I write dit* in pdn, and can ny oo more ; 
VeriitmiafUnti,'"^ _ 

It is too large an induction from a 
chance-preserred smgle letter of this kind 
to hold, that tbe retirement to Bam-elms and 
Chertsey was made up of such accidenu 
and iuctdents. Doubtless Cowley met with 
disappointments and cln^rins ; but he was 
too genuinely a lover of Nature not to hare 
had many pleasures in his 'garden' and 
'meadows.' It would i^ipear that he had 
Gomrwhat hig)>Aown and innocently. ingMt- 
uous expectations of 'perfect peace' indie 
coutttry. Possibly he was too much of an 
amateur to 'manage' tbe practical oversight 
of farms, sel^taken or leassd. None the 
less there must have been an inner sstisftc- 
tioD that he was at long-last out of the tur- 
moils and orgies of ' High Life above Stairs.' 
When a man can jest and play on his sor^ 
rows, the ' trouble ' is not very pungent, and 
Coiriey did jest and play on his ; e.g. 

' I ibonght when I went first to dwelt in the country, 
that wttbout donbt I sbonid met there wjtb the 
^mpUdtj of the ^ poetical age ; I thought to bam 
found no inhabitants there, but such ai the shepherds of 
Sir Philip Sidney in Aicadia. or oF Moiuieur SVifi 
upon ,lhe bnnka oi LigDon ; and began to ccuulder with 
myaeK which wqr I might reconuncaid. no leis to pos- 
terity, th« bai^ilnata and innooeBoe af the ewq of 
Cherts^ ; but to conleas tlie tnUh, I pwueind qaickly, 
by In&lUble demonstrations, that I was still In Old 
KVland, and not In Arcadia or La Forrest.' ■ 

1 Appendii Eo Lift of QonvcU, p. Si. 

■ Cowltr— Tlu DaKgtn ^ OH Hnuil Man m mitJt Csmi- 
famj. Jaimu^'i'-Dick Sbiller' ("nui Idler/ No. 71) ii IB 
nlminblt caRTini out of CairkT'i ii ' ' 
witli ihc chiuini otnttl Liie u di 
hut') JobiuHi't Lins, L 17. 



He did not long ' enjoy the pleasure or 
mffn the inieasinesa of K>litude.'> 

He set hii house in order for 'the end' 
timeoutly — at hii Will declares. We rouit 
now read it aa follows, from Cunningham, in 
Johnson*! < Lives ' (i. 61-64) : — 


' In the nmme of Cod Alniglitr, to whom bcc for 
ever dl glory, Anen. I, ABKAHAM CowLSv, o( 
Cheitm, in the coaDty of Surrey, bceing *.t preMot 
bj God'i mercy in perfect hemlth umI nudentaodiiv, 
and well cDMidcriiig the oscertaiiity of humui life, 
moft e*peciailf in tboM iTmes of lickiie* and nor- 
taliif, doe, in stteadaDce of God'i bleued pleMure 
concerning my Ufe or death, make and declare thii my 
laatWillandTetbunenlaefeUoweth. I hambly raeom* 
mend my (oole to that grcnte God from whom 1 had it, 
beaeediinK bi« to receive it into hii boiome for the 
mcriti of hit Mnne, the Mvioor of linnen, aatongtt 
whome I am one of the greatot, and my body to the 
eaith, from whence it came, in hope* irf » happy renir- 
rection, Lord, I believe, help my unbelief ; O I<ord, 
I repent, pardon the weakneu of my repoilaacc; 

' Ail my woiidly gooda, moneyi, and chatlela, I 
bequeath to my brother Thomaa Cowley,* whome I 
doe hereby cooatitute my lole heyr and executor, hee 
paying out of y* eitate, w^ it hai pleated God to 
bettowe opon me, much abore my deteit% theM 
entaeisg LegadeL 

'I lemre to my neveo Cowley (if he bee yete 

alive) ten poundi ; To my coien Beniamin Hind, 
towards hii education in learning, Gvety potieds ; To 

ray coien Ganlon, of Nuffield, in Surrey, for 

y* nme om of hii eldett Mnna, frrety poondaj To 
my cosen Mary Ganton, twenty poondt ; To Thomaa 
Fotherby, of Canterbory, Eiquire,* one hundred 
poundi, w^ [I] bcKech him to accept of a* a mull 

< Dr. JobnioB, u btfon, p. ■;. 

* Thk ia tbe iqdofHmctii in Covlcy'i hiuidimiiiig. 

* For hii Ihrw biMhEn ha alnyi miioUiDnl > coBUun 
iffectioB : lod h»in( nrrlvad tb* tm foit, he mule ihc ihlid 
hit >wr.-Sini:i Lift mj CtmUf. im ■ LHUr H Marim 
Cli^rd. Tliatau ii iba y«aa(«t of tha chiUn ua*d In 
the will gf tht poai^i father, 

Uii broths lind in tha Klag-i Yanl, U. lb* Kinc*! Jtntt 
Yud in iiixatf.^LttUTjnm Ctwliy U EtrilfH, Cktrtuj, 
May 13. i«67. 

< Uncle of UutiD difibrd of Iha ChutEr Hoiue. Cowter 
•cquirad hli Aiandibip uTiiBity College, Cambridic. 'Tbit 
bcoD(bl Mm iota iha lore ud SMeaa af the moW cEEJaent mcm- 
benoftbubmeiuaodctr, u<l pnodpallr of Toor ancle, Mr. 
Fotherby, vbDic favonn he soca abtmdantiy acktuTwlulccd, 
when hie taancbctor hid quite fissot tht obligaiioa.'— Spnt'i 

mbnwe* cf U« aadeM UndacK to ■ 

i ToS 


CliSbnl,' twM^ poandii To Mr. Tliiiwui EpcM, 
twenty pondit To Mr. T^onaa Cook,* tmtmKj 
poondti To Dr. Chartea BcMb w | h , tw—lj po^afc; 
To Dr, ThoHM Ciayden, twenty poanda ; To my 
■•yd, Umij (btMm wtel I ow be^ nd all ay 

ThoMat Wakhron, tea poandi md «aat e£ mj 
wearing dotbta at my bntbar*! Aowe ; To Hmwj, 
my hroAei'i nayd, fir* pooadi ; To tk> powr e ^ 
the town of CtMrtMB, twea^ poaada. 

'I doe farther leave to the Hcnoaiablc Joha 
Hervey,' of Icfcwoith, Eiqaire, my ihare and intci^ 
la Ui Highnei the Ddu of Yoih'i Tbcmter.* And 
to y Ri^ HonU* Iha Eari of S> Albana, my LonV 
and once kind Master, a Ring of ten pound*, ooely 
in memory of my duty and aSectlon to htm, not bang 
able to give anything worthy hit acceptance nor hec 
(God bee pniied) in need of any gifti from sack 
penoniat I, 

'If anything bee dae to nea bom Tiiniiy 
College [Cambeidge], I leave it to bae bcatowed in 
books opon y* Uhtatyt and I leave bendet to 
Doctor Robert CesBe. Fellowe of y* nid College, a 

I Of H 

hnowiL Wood b 

la Theaua, Kari et Oman'* " 

qoDtai live. Fsb., p. jitL Ha n elacud Om WMBiala 
to Triaily CoIUga, Caaibridfe, mada If aitar of Ibe Cbaitar 
Houaa tT<h Not. 167], and died loA Dae i6rr-— MakM'e 
Zi/> «^Z>>yalH, p. {0. 

Ha la laid ta bava had ■ h^ ia ' Tha Re^nl,' pafaaad 
IbcOe ttn. tlma en tb* ilb Dae 1671; aiid to hen bwa tha 
anthor of ' Four Lenan' oa Drydao'i Pochh, peialcd ia 410. 
■61;, tan vaati iftar hu dialh. The lu letter li duad Oanv 
Houie, JolT I. i«r» 

■ 'He (Ur. Cowlir] toU SH Iha htf IbM du> ai 

thawhoU e< 


r bk Ufa, aad prladpaflr ibii. dul by h« 

BHua b< euae late tba HTvio* of or Lend St Albaa'a '— Spw'i 

Mr. Hernial uolba' ww Soiu Jermjs, dui^ta' of Sb 
Robert JenBTBt ot Rtuhbrook, irand^ther Co Hodtt Jenrn^ 
But of St. Albui'i. Ickmth and RnAbraok an in Srfblk, 
attt Btcy SL "-t— — <■ In ■ daap (illirr at Idcmth I 
■n in liga * hi^bl^ jatwlii^ bu 1B1D7 nagisctad inRrwi «< 
CowJcj'i (rieod Harray. 

* Covley'i comedT, 'Catter of Colenan Smat,' «M tnt 
acted It tha Duke'* Ihealn. Sir WiUian Davfnaal wai (ha 
pweatat at tha ihaaue. 



Ring of fire poandi nlew, m • Kiwi] token «( 
«' fteiDdthip. 

' I desire my dour friend, M' Thoma* Spnt, to 
troBble hinuelfe w*^ ;* collection tutd reiisioa of all 
■ach writiDgB of mine (wlietliei printed before or not) 
H hee shall thinke fit tobepablithed. Beseeching him 
not to let my pM** 'hidt hce liudi jtxlge nswoRfay 
(rf the nuM of bis friend, wd most etpedallj nothing 
(if Knything of 7* kind have escaped my pen) w^ 
may give the least offence in point of relieioo or good 
manners. And In consideration of this unpleasant 
task, I desire him to accept at my Stndy of 

< ThU I dedaie to bee mr laK WU and Tectamnt. 
L<wd have atenj upon mj sonL Written by my 
own band, dgaed and sealed, at Chntiea, this aSth 
day of Sqitember, 1663. 

' Abkaham CowLiv. 

Signed and sealed in 


'ThoMol Waidrvn.* 

• The Mark of f ^Mm Sym^ndt, 
Wbeelwright, of Cheme;.' ■ 

Even years before he had looked ' Death 
in the face,' u wbneas hia Epitaph while still 
alive. It has been frequently translated. I 
avful myself of W. Culleh Bryant's, made 
in igDorance of others, aa he thus introduces 

'The task of tnmlating sodi lines is not easy, but 
ha« it an atteoopt to put the thought into ^igliih 


Here, Stranger, ia this lowly spot. 
The buried Cowley find*, at last. 

Rest frcMD the labonis of his lot. 

And leaves life's follies with the past, 

1 ' Mk CtmitfT ia hia will ncaamaidad ta toy cue the revir 
ins Qf 4U hit vo^ th*t wv fonoBrly pnntnt, and (he ccpUecl. 
ing of those pepete which tie hid dedgn«d for the presi. And 
Im did il with thkiwIieiiluohliKuion, TAat I tJutiU bi nn 
- wuioBwUdyoBCIURiaCMratdlwai 

In not anieemly low state. 
Nor meanly slothful, tbongli retired. 

Well halb the poet learned to hate 
The wealth by staring crowds admired. 

Yea, speak of him as de*d ; for see 
How little earth is now bis sbaie ; 

And, Stranger, pray thai Ught may be 
Its tnudcn, and may bring no care. 

Strew flowers ; they please the living dead ; 

Hoe roses ere they wither ttrew. 
And o'er bis yet wsrm asbes shed 

The sweetest-smelling herbs that grow.' 

(As before, pp. 380)1). 

He seems to have stiffered again modi 
during the one winter he spent at Chertsey, 
but to have recovered in the spring; but 
through staying over long in the meadows 
one summer evening, superintending his 
labourers, he caught a cold, which he 
neglected.' Within a foitnight he was gone, 
'deputing' on July aS, 1667, in his 49th 
year, at the Porcbjiouse towards the west 
end of Chertsey. 

Mr. Gosse sums up : — 

■With his death his glory flourUhed. KineCharlet 
declared " that Mr, Cowley had not left behind him 
a better man in England." On Angnst 3, be was 
laid in Westminster Abbey, beside the ashes of 
Chaucer and Spenser. The Earl of Orrery composed 
a fimend poem, and Sir John Denham, himself in a 
few months to die, wrote on elegy, b^tnning " Old 
Chancer like the morning star," which is qnoted ia 
all works on English literature. All Che poets of the 
day wrote "Pindariqae Odes," in imitatioo of the 
transcendent poet of that form of verse, and his 
heroic conplet became the despair of all gentlemen 
who wrote with care. 

•aid Thomas Hi^ons, who indited a vcty good 
Pindaric ode to his memory ' . . . ' George Dnke of 
Buckingham raised a monument to his memory in 
Westminster Abbey, and so crowned with unosnal 
honour, and lighted by the fimeral Bambeanx of 
temporal and spiritual peers, this poet also, like bis 



otMCDTcr iMctkmv ««t do»B iMo tka plM* whtt« 
»I1 Uie tocidtJ adwdtif of Mt ■» m if Ibqr 
had not bow." 

Rather — for wtuit wu mortal only ' went 
down ' — went up to take hia plan ai ' a good 
man* amoog tiie Imnxntalt, through the 

metcf of ttaat'^nsa Loid and S» ii oui to 
Whom in a comipt age Abraham Cowlst 

suirendered himself with a sweet and pathetic 
Paai wc now to lepud oui Woctfay aa 


I place here, in the oatKt, Cowley*! addrea 

' To the Royal Society,' with certain notes 
and illuMiationi npon it from Akcbbisbop 
Trznch's 'Household Book of English 
Poetiy ' (ad edition, 1870) . — 

To tkt Royal SocitTv. 

' PbOOfophr. tlw OnM ud oDljr H* 

Of ^ tIM Hmnaii Xnowle^, wUdi hM bin 

UnlbrtgiMd br UM't NbdUouSIa, 

Tbodg^ Ml «f jTMit He do appMi, 
(Pfaaotopbr. I Mr. asd call it, He, 
For wbtuoe'w Uw hlniv't Fucjr be. 

It ft Hale-Vmn tMH w dm) 
Hm mHI bacn k^ in Nonage 'tin of kue. 
Nor naiWK'd or eajoj'd hii raM EMUe : 
Tlirea or Ibar tbooMiid yen* one vtonld have (boogtit, 
To ripanoa and pvftetloa mtgfat have brongfat 

A Sdance 10 wdl bred and onnt. 
And of racb lioptfdl F«ni too at tbe 6nL 
Btu, ob. Ib> Ooardiana, and the Tuton tb«i, 
(Some negliieni, and boom ambhloni me«] 

Would ne're oooMmt to act him Free, 
Or till own Natnral Powcn to let him xe, 
Len that ihould pnt an end to ibdr Auioritie. 

That bt) own biulncM be might qoite fotglt 
Thejt' amued him with the tponx of wanton Wit, 
Wih the Deiaeni of Poetrf they fed him, 
InMeadofMUdmeaU t' encreaw bis force : 
Intteu) of vlgoTooi ezenlse, ther led him 
Into t)>e pleamnt Labriinthi of enr-&««h Dlecoun : 

loatCBd of caiTTlng him to see 
The Ricbei which doe hoorded for blm lye, 

In Naliue'l endlSM Treasurie, 

They ofaoae his Eye to entertain 

(HU MTioo* but not eoTcttua Bye) 
Wth painted Soenei, and Pageanta of tbe Bnln. 

I Aa bifin, H 7a& 

Some law enltDd Splriti tUi tatter Age hna d 
Thai Uwv'd to aaMt tba Ubmf 
(Vtom OttaHtam, who w«« aow UMBpwn pi 
Of tbi* CHd Miaor, «ia e^Vd PltilaMplV : 
Bat twaa RAdiaB caU-d to figU 

BaMO at kit. a mighty Uan, araae, 

Wboo a win King and Natme cfaoae. 
Lord ChanceDoar of both tbdr Law^ 

And botdlf nndenock iba b^ni'd Pi^i <Mi 


With tbe [data Maglque of inie RMWon'a Ugbt, 
He dMc'd out of our light ; 



In midst 0/ tb' Ordiard, and tbe whole did daim, 

Wbidi with a Dtelea Sith of Wood. 

And Moiaitilng elM MK worth a naaat, 

(Both vaal for thnr, yet ndtbet fit 

Or to Defend, or to Beget ; 

RidkaloBa and ewKieleai Tenon I) made 
ClUldten and eapenthlon* lien afraid. 

Tbe Oictaatd'a opati now, and free ; 
Bacon has broke that Scai-crow Ddtk ; 

Come, enter, alt that wQt, 
Befaold tlie np'ned fnilt, come gMtiec now you FOL 

Vet Mill. letlilBka, we Un would be 

r.n*tn£ u the Foibiddn Tre^ 

We would be Uke the Deitts, 
Wbea Tiutb and Faltfiood, Oood and EtH, w« 
Without the Sences' aid within our «dtes woold eee : 
, For '111 God only who can find 
"* All Nature In bii Uind. 



From Woid*. whidi •!« but Plcnaw of tbs nuo^bt, 
(Thoueli we our Thougtits fmm them ftxvenlj dmw) 
To Tbingi. tbe Hlod'i ricfal Ob)act, he !t Imuftht ; 
Lika tOolUi Bird* to painted Onpos m Se« ; 
He sought and gatha'd lor oar nie the Ttm ; 
And when on heapa the chosen Bunchea lay, 
He piest than wbelf the Mechanic waj, 
Til] aU their Jofce did In one Vend Jojn, 

Tlie tUnlT. Sool'i refreatung WIna, 
Who to the Ufa an snet Ftece woDld uMka. 
Moat BOt fcom i>tber>( WoA a CopT taka i 

No. BM ikwn RnbMa x Vaodlke : 
UbA iNi coalMt Uindf t« Kwin it Uk« 
Tb' Idieu and tb« Imafw wtaiA Ir 
In bl« own W»OKj, oi hli Hemorr. 

No, be befcm hi* Sight most place 

The Natural and LiTiiv Face'; 

Tbe real Object nnitt oommand 
Eadtjndgnmt ofhlaBjre, and Motion of Ui Hand. 

And Hke th' old Htbmn DMnr Veua did atrar, 

In Deaafti bni <rf maB extent. 
Buon, Uk« Moaei, led oa fDcth at lot : 

Iba bancB WDdaoeaa be pao^ 

Did on the *(rr Bonier Hand 

Of tbe tdeat pnuit'd Land, 
And from the Monntain'i Tcp of hb Eabed Wit, 

Saw It UmMlC and ■bew'd ua it. 
Bat Lib did never to one Uan allow 
Time ta Dltoovei Worlds and Conqaer too i 
Nor can lo dMH a LiM aaffldent ba 
To bdome the vast dqnhi of NaMte'a Sea: 

Tbe wotk he did we oufht t' admire, 
Atid wa« iDijti** U we d)M>ld Dwre teqolce 
From hl« few jrcara, dMded 'twiM th' Emaaa 
Of low AlUetlaa, and h%h tUpfinett. 
For iriM on things remote can flx hli Sight, 
Tbai'i ahraji in ■ Triumph or a Fight 1 

CowHilea a4i«r» re* iBMead of Natan, « 
Her Image* and Idola wwdiip'd Me ; 
Tbeae Inga and weakly Regkna to nbdii, 
'Xliaqrii T^Mfiifai£ Imi «4iole Am^es at oooHBand, 

Qoancr'd nboot in vnrj Land, 

A better Troop ibe oe're together drew. 

Hetblnk*. like GIdaon'i little BaD^ 

Ood with Derign has pUt oitt fOO, 

To do tbeaa noble Wondata bjr a Few : 

Wbem Ibe whole HoM be law, Thejr are (eald b^ 

And now ba dmaaa oot Ue Uan, 
Much in the waj that be did then : 
Not tboae manj, whom he found 
Iddr aundad on dM ponnd. 

To drink, whhthdrd^ae t ad head. 
Tbe Stieam, ]u*t •» at bj> tbeir Uootb* It Sad 1 
No, but thoae Few who look Iba Waiati 19. 
Ami made of tb* labofloM Ibiida tbe Cup. 

Tbni yaa prepar'd ; and in the ghxiooi Fight 

Thdr wflndroaa pattim too jot take : 
Thrir old and empty Phdicn fitat they brake. 
And with tbeir Handi then Uttad np the Light; 

IS 1 Smmd too the Trampeta hoe I 
Atreadf jronr Tlctorioas Lights appear ; ' ~ 
New Sc^a of Heavn alreai^ to Mpf, 
And Crawda of goldm Worids on h^ ; 
Which from the qiaclaiu PUni of Earth and Sea, 

Could nerer ret dlscoTer'd be, 
Br Sailer* or ChaldMnM w«l«hftll Btk 
Nature'i great Woriu iko IHataiica can tdiscitre, " 
No nnalneis her near Objecu can lecuie ; 

V haTe tanght the curious Sight, to press 

Into the priTateM recess 
or bar ImperoepHble Ultlen 

Miaciiief ""^ tea Dfsfaonoiir bO on those, 

Who would to latighier or to toom expose 

So Virtnans and *o NoUe a Daaign, 

So Hnmaa lot h* U*c^ for Knowledge w) DMn*.. 

The things whicb tbeaa prood moi deapUe, and call 

Impertinent, and nUn, and anall, 
Tboae smaBeattUngs of Natnn let me know >' 
Ratbcr than all ibeii gnaieai Aotfans Doe, 
Wboenr would Deposed Troth adnuMO 

Into tbe Throne nsuip'd from It, 
Must EmI at bat the Blow* «f Ignanacei 

And tbe sharp Poinu of finTlont WlL 

I of the Celestial Dance, 
a/ tbouiand jcars. 

Tho' Heaven it self more beanlaous bf U grow. 

ft troubles and alarms the Wccld bdow, 

Does to tbe Wise a Star, to Fools a Meteor show. 

With Coinage and Soccea roa tba bold work begin : 

Your Cmdle has iM Idle Un : 
None e'le bat Hemdes and foo could be 
At Bve rears Age worthr a Histotr- 

And ne'te dkl Fortune belter yet 

Tb' Historian to the Storr 6t : 

Ax ron from alt Old Error* tne 
And page Ibe Bodr of Pbiloiophr : 

So frees all UodamFoOie* He 
Has TbidkBted KoqneDce and WlL 
Hi* caaOd Sme Uke a dean Stream does sOde, 



It dociUM TiMiMi, Iba bM of Rira*, gUd*. 
Where Ibc Ood doci DM nuU^ OTvlani, 

But Bcntlr poor tba CryMU Urn, 
And whh JodtdoM bud don tba Wliole CoRM inldK 
'T hu all tbe Beantlei Natore cu inqan, 
And all Ibe vmAj Dna, withoiu tlw pdnt of An.' 
(Vol L pp. 69^1). 

On 11. 19-40 his Grace asaoutea : — ' Com- 
pare whli these lines, inferior indeed, but 
themselves remaikable, and showing how 
strongly Cowley felt on thb matter ; which 
occur in his Ode to Dr. Harvey, the discoverer 
of the circulalios of the blood : — 

" Tfatii Huvey Mught tor irnlb hi Troth'* own book, 
The tfeatnrei ; wbicb by God Hlmtdf wsi wtii. 

And wUelf thought 'twu Gt, 
Not to read commenti onlj opon It, 
Bat on Ihe original It leir to look. 
Uelhlaki hi art's great drcle othen Hand 
Locked up togetber, hand In hand ; 
Emy one lad) u he ii led ; 
The lame bare path they tread. 
And dance like blrlei a fantawirli round, 
But DcilhcT change tbdr motion nor ibdr groond. " 

' The same thought reappears, and again 
remaik^y expressed, although under quite 
different images, in his Odt to Mr. Hobbs. 
These are a few lines :— 

" We break up tombi with ncjilegfam handi. 

Old nibbUh we remore ; 

To walk la mini like vain gboaU we k>TC, 

And wltb Ibnd divining wand* 

We Karcb among the dead 

For troumrei burled ; 

' Dryden, in some remarkable lines ad- 
dressed to Dr. Charleton, expresses the same 
sense of the freedom with which Bacon had 
set free the study of nature, and the bond- 
age from which he had delivered it ; — 

" The longeit tyranny that ever swayed 
Wu tbat wherein our oncettoi* belnyed 
ITieii frtebom leaton W the Siagirite, 
And made faU torch their nniverral light. 
So tnith, while only octe lopplied the State, 
Grew Mwce and dear, and yet »ophittkate ; 
StiU it WM bought, like emp'iic wara, or charms, 
Hani woidi, M«)«d np with Aristotle'* um*." ' 

Then follows this judicial lod penetntiTC 
summing-up : — 

' Halkni ha* Mid that " Cowley apoo Cic whole 
hai bad a reputation more above hii deKTt* than any 
Ea^iA poet," adding, bowcvei, tbat "tome wte 
wrote better had not lo fine a grnini " Halhia ^ 
verdict may be tme; but a nun'f otnUemponns 
have Mme oppoctonitiea of Jadging wfaiii ■obn^MBt 
gowratloni an withoaL They jadge him not oaly 
by what lie doaa, bat by wl^ be ia ; and oBintiwii 
a man ii mote than ha doM ; llv M an IiupiLmitMi ^ 
greatncu on Ihoae who eome in Mtial ooumcl will 
him, Boch a* i* an)y Inadequarely jtutificd by aBehl 
whi<& Iw leaves behind him, while -pt, in one icnae it 
ii mod troe. Uaoy a man'* embodinent of hiin«rtf 
in hit writiag ii b«low himtelf j ((^e nien'i, tt rif ie e 
to *ay, it above tbem, or, al all events r epr ei ^M i 
mott tran*jeat moment* of their lives. Bat I (bovM 
be di*paaed to (peitioii thi* Maertion, judging Cowl^ 
meTclybr what behaileftbehindhim. With a piKni 
like thii before ni, to foil of iboagkt, iofiillortBaci> 
nation, bdng in lact nothing Ut* than the faU book 
of the NevwH Orgammm trantfignied into poetiy, we 
may well pauK before jumping to the eondosion that 
hii oontesporariet wei« altogether wrong when they 
rated him to highly a* they did. How they did 
cfteem him, linei like thete of Denham, tlie fragment 
of a larger poem, not without a worth of their own, 

"Old mother Wit sad Natnre gave 

Shakapeare and Fletcher all they have ; 

In Spemer and in Jonlon Mt 

Of tlower Nature got the itart ; 

But both in him ao equal are. 

None know* which bears the happiest iharc 

To him no author was unknown, 

.Vet what he wrote wa* all hii own. 

He melted not the indent gold. 

Nor with Ben Jonum did make bold 

To plunder all the Roman itoret 

Of poet* nndof oratoit. 

Horace'* wit and Virgil'i Mate 

He did not steal but emulate I 

And wheil he would like Chem appear 

Their garb, but not th«r clothes, did wear."' 
(pp. 404-<)- 

I go back upon Aschbishop Trench's 
words, ' We may well' pause before jumping 
to the conclusion that his contempOTaries 
were altogether wrong when they rated him 
so highly as they did i ' for from a ino/if that 



will appear in (be sequel, it is viul to a right 
eidmate of Condej, that we realise who they 
were who ' rated him so hi^y ' even when 
the glammtr of his personal presence was 

Every one knows the question asked by 
PoPi — seventy years after his death : — 

' Wlio now readi Cowley 7 if he pleue* yet, 
Kit monl pleuGi, not Ui pointed wit ; 
, Finpit hi* epic, a*;, Pindaric art. 

Bat itiUI loTC thelangonpcrf'hiibiBit.' 

Every one does not know the strangely 
tender tribute of the same poet in his 
WindsoC'Forest, fittingly uniting Denhain 
and Cowley : — 

"^'^ ' ^*^ ^ ^' ^^ majettlc Denhun nng, 
VJ^ TbeR the Lutunmbenflow'd from Cowley'itoagne. 
O euly loM 1 vhat tean the river ihed. 
When the nd pomp along his builu wu led I 
His drooping iwuu on eveiy note expire. 
And on hii willowi hung each Hote'i lyre. 
Since Fate relentlen lU^p'd their hea^nly *a4ce, 
No more the foretti ring, or grove* rgotoe. 
Who now •hall chaim the tbade*, where Ctmity 

Hi* liriog haip, and lofty Denham *aiig7' 

There was sense of prodi^ous loss be- 
neath that unwonted emotion. 

Turning next to Addison in his Acanmipf 
the greattst En^uh Poets, addressed to Mr. 
Henry SaehtvtrtU, ApiO 3, 1694, we find 
this, critical no doubt, yet open-eyed and 
full fA reverence toward our Poet ; — 

' Great Cowley then, a mi^ty Genini, wrote 
O'renm with wit, utd lanih of hU thought : 
His tnnu too closely on the reader pies* ; 
He more had plei^d as, had he plex'd tu let*. 
One i^ittering thooght no noner atHke* o«r eye* 
With lilent wonder, bat new wonden rise ; 
A* in the milky way a shining white 
O'erflowt the heav'n* with one continued ti^t ; 
That not a (kngle ttu- can ihew his ny^ 
Whilst i<nnt]y all promote the common bUie. 
Pardon, great poet, that I dare to name 
Th' unnnmbec'd beaotie* of thy rene with Uaoe. 
Thy &nlt is mly wit in Its excess ; 

. Bm wit like AhM in any diape will pleate. 


What Hum bvt thiae can eqoal hint* iiupir^ 
And fit the deep-moath'd Pindar to thy lyre ? 
Pindar, whom other* in a labonr'd strain, 
And forc'd eipresMons, imitate in nin. 
Well-pleai'd in tiiee he soaia with new del^ht. 
And plays in more unbounded rerse, and takes a 
nobler flighL 

. Blot man 1 whose spotless life and charming lay* 
Employ'd the tunefiil prelate in thy pniw. 
Blest man I who noir shall be for erer known 
In Sprat'* saccetsTul laboon, and thy own.' 
A century after Cowley's death Cowpwt, 

in his ' Task,' speaking of his own residence 

in the country, says : — 

'There loo enamonredof thelifel loved 

I (tndled, prized, and wUwd that I had kmwn 

IngeuoBi Cowley.' 
More recently Chaklks Laub lovingly 
tells how 'very dear' Cowley was to him. 
To^day I caa testify in relation to this my 
edition of the Works, and the general dtle 
in honour (tf him of 'The Chertsey Worthies' 
Ijbnuy,' I have a sheaf of lettos from 
scholarly and cultured men far and near, 
to whom these Works are welcome beyond 
all price \ while over the Atlantic William 
CuLLXM Bbyant put bis iriiole mind and 
heart into a delightful paper about them 
{North American Review, June, 1877). 

BibliographicaIly,no books are more swiftly 
snapped up in their rare original little quartos 
and duodecimoi^ and indeed in any worthy 
form, *^. Dr. Aikln's three natty little 
volumes, 1S09. Accordingly, in the light of 
these earlier and later and present-day 
opinions and feelings, such aupncilioua as- 
sumption as that of Mr. T. H. Ward, M.A., 
in his 'Selections from the ^gUsh Poets' 
{4 vols. 1880), that Cowley is to be 'pooh- 
pooh'd ' and held as irrevocably ' effiiced,' 
is to my mind the superlative of uncritical 
and shallow mis-Judgment, and a literary 
blunder and ofience combined. I must 
confess, too, that there is an element of 
the grelesqtu in my friend Mr. Edmttnd 
W. Goss^s fimcy that he is the 'last of his 




iw, u I believe, ttere never bu 
been i gcoendon lince be died, in wlucb 
Cowley hu not had an innei circle of 
readcn and ■tudenU, lo in thi> living preient 
diejr are co-equal in nnmber with thoae vho 
really 'intermeddle' with and care for our 
early literature, and I repudiate and proten 
against any man, be he who he may, counting 
the neglea and acoro of a certain type 
fA literary man for the true verdict, and 
emphatically I must repudiate and protest 
against the iodignity in Mr. Gosie's own most 
brilliant Paper, irtiere he aaka, ' Why restore 
a memory justly dishonoured, why recall to 
our attention a writer whose verses were bat 
galvanised at the outset, and now are long 
past all hope of revival?' Much more 
modest and wiser, — in evident recoUectioo 
of Archbishop Trench's words, — and sot un- 
touched of pathos, are the sentences that 
answer his own questions, and conclude : — 
' In tbo fint pUce, if fiie jodgmait dt » wbola 
geoei&tion hu ttmnhaoBJy wt *a nnunbilioai bum 
OB a pcdotal of nprsm repatslw^ I am moR rawly 
to doubt m; own pcnepdoo than to Kigmatiie to 
many cnltlTited perwni with folly. No poet tuhci- 
«ifl J admlKd in hi* own age can be wholl; widwtti 
lacting merit. In tha lecaad pbo^ Cofwl^ in paitl- 
enlar, whether judged •* a man or a* « MttintiKr, at 
even ai a poet more or leu naUbimed, hai qnalitiea 
of poiItiTe and intrinsic merit I tmst that 1117 dta- 
tions have at leatt proved lo mneh. For the reat, I 
eonfcaa that I fbiuid a pailieiUar tudnatlon in the 
Kodjr of tbcM nalned aiid broken poett, theae weU- 
ttnutg tnttrvmtnt* apon whoae thiobbing atiingi 
Destiny hat laid the premie of her nlcndng Gngen. 
The maMcTt of toikc initH me with a tort of awe. I 
feel embamncd when I write of Milton. Bnt 
Cowley baa nrelf gtcrm humble in Ihe loog jean of 
bit exiles and he wiU not ecact too modi bam«c« 
from the iaat of Ua adiniTCrt. * 

Eloquent nonsense 1 Cowley is as 'humble' 
but no humbler to-day than in bis Ufetime, 
and stands as woidiy of his contemporaiy 
homage as ever. That is to say, with every 
possible deduction and every concession to 
variation in the standard of taste, and the 
enrichment of oui literature since, I affirm 

and shall demonstrate thattluveis MAotai 
QDAHmr and umd of poetic geniB m 
Abraham Cowky to warrant not <nlr ths 
'revival 'of his works as is now done, bat id 
justify a daim and a convictioii tloi now 
and < for all time' these Wo^ will win and 
retain ' fit ladieoce.' I am very wdi aavre 
that your wooden Hallams and hasty 
snatch-and-Tun critic^ who aic ex tsanaai y 
ignorant of the books tbey piafoas to 'intro- 
duce,' and ' Mfect' for our benefit, meer at 
such credulity of enthusiasm. None tbe leM 
against the whole tribe of such do I AdBoet' 
ately postulate that there is in Cowley die 
very 'stuff of immortality' in manifoU ways. 
By this I do not for a moment mean to aoot, 
that the Works taken colkctivdy and OBHB- 
larivdy are fsuioi to-day, at dcMrving to be 
in men's thoughts or mouths. So &r from 
this, I accept, to a conudenble extent, 
Dryden's sutement of the broad chaiacter- 
istica of Cowley >~ 

'One of on late treat Poeti,*Byih^ 'linnkia 
hit tepntation, becanae be coold new foisin aay 
conceit which came in hii way ; bat twept, like a 
diag-aet, treat and (man. There watpleMtyenov^ 
bat the diihea were til fortcd | whole pyramida vt 
(weet.meat* fbr boy* sad womoi ; bat little oT nfid 
mMtfornun. Alt ftlapniceadedBotfroaBa&ywaaC 
Of kMxiriedn Ixrt of jm^mat; nel&ar did be vut 
that in disoeri^ the t ton tin and fanlu of othw 
poett ; bnt only indnlged himaetf in the inxnij of 
wiitiiie ; and peibapi knew It wai a lanlt, bat hup«d 
the reader woald not iad tt. For tUa reaaaa, tlton^ 
he nuHt alwaya be theo^ m. great Poet, he it m 4- 
longer eitecmed a good writer 1 and foi ten bnptte- 
ikmi, whidi hii workt have had in ao manj toccaaiic 
jean, yet at pretcnt a hnndted boOki are tcarcdj 
pardiaMd once a twriremonth : for, m my kit Lord 
Rochester lald, OooKh aomewbat probndr, mit 


The ink was scarcely dry of that, when a 
' new edition ' of Coiriey's entue Works wai 
published, and in a very short interval an- 
other, and stiU another ; widi an expenditure 
on 'copper-plates' that none but an authw 
known by the shrewdest of men to be read. 



cxmld have bcvne pttyiogly. Besidts, had it 
beeaotiienrise, irtten J(^ Diydea so wrote^ 
Shakespeue, Miltos, Bacon, Sir; Thomas 
Btowbo were probably oot KtMag at the 
rate of * a hundred books, a yeati.' : So that 
' gloiious John's ' arithmetical cliticism goes 
for little, or only against the ag^ thai so 
allowed its ' great ones ' to be (teipporarily) 
eclipsed. - As'lbr tbc metaphor of the drag- 
net, it is weightily and soirowfiilly tme ; but 
the miseiy is diat youi modem critic' of a 
certain school, because the drag-net inevit- 
aUy brii^[s ap all osanoer of Tcfuae.and 
lubbish, is blind as a bat to the abtmdance 
of silrer-^eamio^ jewel-spotted a&lmon and 
other greataod noble fish that it has oiclosed 
and delivered ; andsos while it is similarly 
true that our Poef s substuitive defect is lack 
of judgmentr the selecting eye. and ear, the 
very defect is bften and often nei^boured 
by some si^ieme thou^t, or imaginative 
tovch) ormu^cal stanza, <» line that ought to 
secure forgiving silence on the othec — much 
as when your diBinood'spills its drop of 
light ' out tA poorest surroaoding dross, yon 
promote the gem to its nghtfiil place, liuMigh 
]rott leave behind-the dross. * 

I hope sufiBdent has been said thus &r to 
show ^at it is not becontiag, that it is mere 
literary impertinence based on ignorance, to 
glibly talk tA such a man aS' Cowi.kt being 
* e&ced ' or unworthy of revival in this nine- 
teenth century. To ^Leaders prepared to be 
reverent, modest, sympathetic in approaching 
the Wodcs of a man who was named 'great' 
by those beside whom the critics of the hour 
are mere pigmies, \ venture to submit narra- 
tive and critical remarks, by way of intro- 
duction to the two qoble tomes now placed 
in their hands, under these headings : — 


IL Ths Love-Pokus. 
IIL Thi Pindariqux Odks and 

< Davmus.' 
IV. Tbe Ehddking Pobhs and Frosk. 

V. Cbaractiristics — («} TJioughi, 

{b) Imagination, (c) PasHm, 
(d) Originaiity, {e)(^iaini Oddity, 
(f) WordstoerthUm S^ngneu to- 
ward Nature, 
VL The Pkosk. 


Vni. The Man. 

I. The early Forhs. I have already 
(L Bi<%raphical) cited Mi. Gosse's verdict 
on the 'Poetical! Blossomes' as 'one of the 
most extraordinary instances of precocity in 
the whole annals of literature.' The same 
paper thus more fiilly puts it : — 

' Let any rndcr of fyramiu and TKiit condder 
liow dbItc, utlesi, and in&ntine are the writiiigi of 
tbe verj clevereit chiM of ten that he has ever known 
when compaied with thU Gtst work of CowleT*!. 
Afler more thin two handled jean it remain* ititl 
readable — much more readable, in fiul, than raanj 
of it( author'i moie elaborate poemi of matnritj. 
TTie rtory of that " palpable-groM play" that wdl 
begnHed Thesem and Hippolyta to lai^^ter, is here 
told in all tragic Krioaness, but tiot without lenrftl 
dgns, nidi a* "the sucfciiie of odoriferooa bi«*tli," 
that show Cowley to hare be«n fkuiiliar with the 
diama lo nnsuccesslully produced at Athens with 
B<]ttom fbr the herohie. The boy-poet ha* been 
ambidoQ* aiou^ to invent a new itania, and a rather 
px«l one too, ai will be acknowledged front thi* 
example, Thisbe finds Pjtanuu dead, and after 
tearing her golden hair : — 
"She blames all-powcTfuI Jove, and Rriret to take 

Hi* hkieiiag bodj from tin moistened ground ; 
She kisKi bis paU teoe tm she doth make 
It red with kWng, and then leck* to wake 

His parting soul with moomful words, bis wotmd 
Wadiexvttb tew* that her sweet voice oonfound!" 

J^rramta m4 Thubt li a work whidi few of the 
adult poets of that day would have been ashamed of 
writing. It contains mistakes of rhyme and gramntar 
that might be lo easily corrected, that they form an 
iatereating pnxJ that the poem wai not touched np 
for the {H-eas by older hands, bat in oths reipecti it 
is smooth and singnlarlj matore. The heroic vene 
in whidi it ii written is nerveless, but correct, and 
the story li told in a straightforward way, and with 
a rcgnlar f ogre s s, ttMt are eattsocdinaiy in to young 
a diild.' . . . 'The """j^ promise of Fyranmt 
and THiitt it hardly jostUed by the dercraesi of 



tbt po«n written two |«an bu«, C«MtaM£a «>irf 
muim. There M ben hard); uy rign M all of 
fmrnumitf, bM ■ Eu worte Ewilt Dim chilrtlihiiMi 
hu Uepped in. Itutead of being Uke the pMrile 
poem of a little boj, it if like the Mmct and tedioM 
work of Kane man that nerer cu) be faaMW. In 
point of grammar and ibTine there li gi«at adiaaoe 
apparent, and we kg tlie jutice of tb« prrttf pfanic 
Onrie; afUtwardi uicd in q>eaking of tbcaa jnvenile 
piecea, "thai area to far badcwaid tboe remain jet 
tonetracMorneUitlw Uttla fboutapt of a child j" 
for tlie hagnage twa alreadj begnn to take the aamt 
ingenion* tnrai and lovolationa that dtaiacteriae 
TKi Miitnit and th« OJa. It li indeed lingalar 
that, at the age of twelve, the child ihaald be to 
mudi the father d the Dua, a* to produce tUf moM 
Cowleyan itania, iUnilntire of th* anthor*! high- 
flown Aeioric, ai mucli a* tboac I haTc joat referred 
to, are of hi( ingennitr : — 

"OhI might; Ciqiid I whoae anbonnded fwa; 
Halh often mled the Oljmpian TbDndenr, 
Whom all edcMial dehlei ober. 

Whom men and fodi both rerarenoe and twr I 
Ob, force Comtantla'a beait to jVAA lo Lore, 
O/aU Ik^ mtrii Ikt UaiUr-^ite* 'IwUl prwt." 
CinuUntia Mid fiikim li 
tale, not to briefly or m ^mply told 
TlUiie, and padded oat b]r "songi" and "letters," 
to the eztott of nearly joo lioea, an extraordinaiy 
(eat, of Gonne, for lo jonng a child. Of the other 
piecea in the TOliune, the Elegy on DnJUy, lard 
Carlton, an imitatioD of Ben Jooion, mnM date from 
the year of that itatesnan'i death, 1631 ; TVZVmm 
af Elytmm ii almoit a Tciy charming reretie on ttie 
poett of old, and the dreama of neo-pagaa romance ; 
we lay "almott," for lomething of the evence c( 
poetry b wanting." 

I read loiDe of thif etan grane taUt — as 
■hall appear in the sequel — but the pheno- 
menon of such a volume as ' Poetical Bios- 
somes ' is per u of itself enough to vindicate 
foi Cowley a place in every critical examina- 
tion of our literature, as in every discussion 
of the possibilities of human intellect. It is 
important, therefore, to accentuate that these 
■ Poetical Blossomes ' were really the produc- 
tion of a child from its tenth to its thirteenth 
and fourteenth year. We have the Poet's 
own express statements made in the face of 

1 In 'Comhilt,' u bcfora, pp. r*E>-i. 

■com of witneaMi who ooald hsve cotrfnied 
them had they beca one Jot or cittle natiac 
or cxaggente. Thus in his ^xode added 
to the 1636 edition of 'Poetical BkmoiiKs,' 
he modestly layt : — 

' I Aodd not bee angrie to kc any one iMnw 
■ay Pyrmmmt amd TTtiiit, nay, I wonM doc it ny 
aelleh hut that I hope a pardcn mtj caiily l>e gota^ 
fcrtWamnof AM.ynm'iV My Cmwtmmtim a^ 
mUba conhwetb we Iw yrm tU^ win* I wr^ 
ft. The rwt were made dncenpoatevoallacMBc^ 
and perhapa doe not bdie the time at thdr biitb.' ■ 

It is the man needful to recall the 
Author's own words repeated elsewhere, that 
there haa been singular and continuoas-tix- 
ditiooal blimdaing on die natter. LooUog 
at the date of the original publicatioD of 
'Poetical Blossomes,' viz., 1633, socceaaire 
Biographers and Critics have said that tbe 
inscription on tiie &ontiq)iece^MMtrait in- 
scribed ' «etat 13 ' was a mistake, and abould 
have been '15,' and that oot '13' bnt ' 15' was 
the correct date of die ' Poems.' Tbe cor 
recton have to be corrected. Thoti^ oot 
published till 1633, when tbe Voet was in his 
fifteenth year, tbe portrait represents bim at 
the age orthirteea, and that age wu fixed on 
doubtless as making the latest-ocMspoaed 
poem in the volume, vis., as above, tbe El^y 
onDudley, LordCaittoo, 1631. Butbendee 
this correction of tbe correctors, let it be 
kept In express recollection that his tenth 
year belongs to 1698-9, and his thirteentb to 
1631 -a.' 

1 Vol L p. 19. 

• I do BM rorcM iba foUowhs ttMcacDl m ■Of HjoIT— 
'TluitlnitlmiirtbeMBialflBd ■■ I ub no- (irUch I cub- 
fml voBdBal myiU) BuyanHi Wlb< iMUr Ead of tu 
Ode, vbieh I buuW vim 1 wai lh«n bsl thlrttas Ytwi old, 
asdwUchwu tbnPnnUd with BiuyothEi Vena.' Satint 
IhuIkaVmab qundcm caaauwb« ' TUi an/f (na/ aw. 
Hit wv Mtrnmi na^r 4v' did kh ipimv in tb* ' PeMks) 
Vtvtaaat'al 1S3}. itwiMM tptmitkti iben man baic ba«a 
KHiia otW ud BOW toM ' prialHl ' bat dm psUiilud '"'Vt'f-. 
■lUiouih I upcct il wu ■ lapH it mnacrj illMaulm U 
Cowle/i uid Spni*). Tbii dou dm however affaM the bet 
ihil Ihoc remufcable Vcm bihnt to fail thiruath jwr. 
TlM poain wu £nt ■ puUnlud ' ia Sylvm of iCj^ ai^ b 
qiw««l oaward te (nU. 



Saudmsiiig the ' Poetical Blossomcs,' it is 
fiiither important to keep in recollection 
what Mr. Goise emphasises, that the ' mis- 
takes of rhyme and grammar that might so 
easily be corrected but are left uncorrected,' 
attest that these Poems were left intact, 
untouched 'for the press by older hands,' 
So that we have in ' Poetical Blossomes ' the 
genuine composititma of practically a child, 
and who, so &r from 'lisping,' writes his 
■ numbers ' unmistakably and musically. It 
strikes me, therefore, that it is worth-while 
a/ this pomt, to note &ir typical examples 
of juvenile 'mistakes' or defects, guided 
thereto (of dioice) by the Author's own 
afterconections. As stated in the related 
'Note' (VoL I. p. a) I deemed it expedient 
(to say the least) to return upon and repro- 
duce the original texts in integrity. Accord- 
ingly that is what is furnished in their 
[daoes. Nevertheless it is interesting and 
suggestive to observe the lUer 'improve- 
ments' (so called). I be^ at the opening 
of ComsiaiUia and PhSehu. lu SL i, L 4. 
for 'sorrowful!' later was printed 'wofiill,' 
and in t 5, for the original couplet U. 5-6 : — 
'Airiit mo, thb Md ttorf 10 rebearse 
Yon Oodt, and ba proidlloa* lo my vene.' 
was substituted — 

St 1, L 4, for 'Renown'd (as minor of 
all Italie) * was displaced by ' Famed for the 
Beaat]r of all Italy ' — both somewhat ellip- 
tkaL In sL 4, L 4, the 'th" before 
'smelling' was dropped. In Bt 5, the 
structure and rhymes were changed, e^. — 
' Hci wit exceU'd all pnuu, aU admiration. 
Her ipeadi mi lo utncdve, It migbl be 
A QMass to canse (not PaOai' Indlcnatlwi, 
And rain an eatlt from that Ddtr.' 
reads thus — 

' Hct wit excdttiv Pnlte, er^ bU admire, 
Hw Speech was to attractlTe, It mi^l be 
A Caue to nUie the mlfht; RUhu' lie. 
And fUi up Envy fnm tbat Ddly.' 

St 7, L I, ' Hu sconefuU Boy Adonis' is 
actually 'imfooved' into 'A Scornful B(^ 
Adonis!' St ro by minute verbal alterations 
is utterly de-cbaracteriied, as thus— 
' Soone at the motna peep'd from her ro^ bed, 

Sbe \tj ber fiiendi and neere acquaintance led 
Uke othtr Haid*, oft walkl to taka tbe ajre ; 
AuRva blosbt at aticb a sight Tnknowne, 
To behdd dieelia were tedder then her owne '— 

changed into this — 

' Soon ai die UonlnK Mt ber rorie Bed, 
And all Heaven'i unaUer lightt were driven awaj ; 
She br her Friendi and ba Acquaintsnls led. 
Like other Maidi, would walii at Bnok of Day : 
Aurtra Unih'd to tee a Sight unlmown. 
To behold '"T""'" more beauleoiu than her own ' 

— a successful evapoiation of all the poetry 
in the stanza, especially the informing 
thou^t fX the twofold ' redness.' In st 11, 
the false rhyme of L i, 'them' is corrected by 
'follows still her Train,' and while the pen- 
ultimate line is left untouched, the last is 
smoothened from ' From her, since shee had 
stolne away his heart ' into ' From her, whose 
Eyes bad stole away his Heart' Similarly 
in Bt 13, the dosing couplet which originally 

Bat Lore being bUad hee thn* eooU neuer tee '- 

In st r3, a seemingly trivial new reading 
shows that the Author in making it did not 
attend to his own context In the im- 
mediately preceding line 'Love' is named, 
and of him it is next said that though blind 
he 'by chance had hit his heart aright,' i.t. 
Philetus's ; but the later version now reads, 
* Yet he by Chance had hit this heart aright' 
So also the much stronger and terser 
lines — 



• Btowtof ■ rkm, Am WomM tmntf Mai qnto. 
UbIbm neh FIhm* vIiUb Iht Hcbr MmmU liM.' 

In sL 14, L 5, 'wept ' ii tnnied mtd the kai 
fKo&fi&and IcM pusonate, 'pnyed' Poor 
ttiUudieiinrTMditigiDiL 15,1 i.ef'wlHiH 
imbouaded Swiy ' for ' vhow all-comnaDd- 
■ng nny,' tad poorer jret In at , 16, L 5, 
*whoK duming Uf^' for 'who with their 
nviihing light,' lad Kucely less bo the alteri- 
tioD of the limpler * Doe tmety give content- 
meat to my light ' into ' More thin the 
World besides does pleue my Sight' In iL 
1 7 ' revised ' we find this — 

ObIjp to wound jroDi SUn, and >|Ntre joqr ^os. 
Ken TMnmd Sl(lii (peak hb \mpatec* Uota 

Compare the broken— ^tentionally broken, 
but much more congruous original—^ 

"nuK iriio coDWna ihr Mcnd Dd9, 
And modu Ihj Power, lei tlum thtoa aiifv know, 
■e am ; MC caii*t an honoar ba 

In langiiace far m 

In St 19, the hut two lines otigtnilfy read— 

' So Ibal ll leemoi Anora wept to bean. 
For tha mnUnt giana wai dew'd wUi manr a Uara. 

They are 'improved' int(^— , 

Thus is it ttUOUghcHlt CONSTAKTIA AND 

Philstvs. Passing now to J^ramiu and 
Tiitit, which, as belonging to the Poef a loth 
year while the other is of his i ath, it iras still 
more fimiameniai to reprodnce in integrity, 
the revision is slighter but equally an cfface- 
ment of not only the child-marks, but (in my 
judgment) of the charaeter ai the poem. 
In the opening stanzas there aie changes of 
tense, e^. st 3, 1. i, ' did bend ' reads ' doth 
bend,' and L 3, 'And dctfh prepare' is 

changed into 'whets and pcepaR*.' En a. 
9, 1. s, 'doloTOdf,' af before, is tsmed imo 
'movraefu^' while the revisioii ot a brilliant 
line in St II, L a, 'And dimm'd the lordr 
aplendoc of their si^t,' peipetrates this 
eaonni^, ' And damm'd the kndy SfAatdot 
of their Sight' St 15, in the original aiqwus 

And toooa bold baeka At oppananitr- 

ma Uti U^ Ptriumt. htr Oa// mtwa-jlmd. 
Oiautm tmifamd ». ft ia« M i md.- 

Later this reads in 1. 5, as ' Time that now 
oficTS quickly may deny,' But I quote this 
•tanza rather to note a lingnlar lafrtu at 
Mr, Gosse (as befbre) hi his paper on Coiriey, 
' One conceit ii startling enough to be 

But no other such absurdity occurs in the 
whole of the fif^-three stansas ' (thiity^ve, 
not fifty-three).' My good friend detects 
' absurdity ' where there is none, as witness 
the Emblem-books and a hundred parallels 
in all oar poets. In at 16, L 3, the evi- 
dent miqnint of ' pleased ' is corrected by 
'pleaded.' In sL 18, L i, 'sweet' is 
changed into * bir,* and L 4, ' Agamst her 
Pyramus for to ezclaime' into 'Against her 
dearest Pyramus f exclaim.' In st 19 the 
opening originally is thtis — 
' Hon doobtfoll tboDctiu broke off ha pleaMSt toag, 
AfalttHbvloae; fcrMarlni, iheecinale.' 

This is 'revised' into^ 

In St. ao, L 5, the much more expressii« 
historical present 'doe' is altered into 'did* 
In et 34, L a, 'subtil' — « thoron^ baft 

1 1 n Iba eapy nr hk pnpB ia OiUiUt Undlr IsnnrdHl 10 B*, 



word got hold of-^ ' corrected ' into ' Add- 
ing,' and so, in L 6, * cunning ' into ' ait6iL' 
Iq St 35, L I, for "gainst Fate be gan t 
exdayme' is substitnted ' at Fate he did ex- 
claim r Kindredly transmutiiig reise into 
prose, in St 96, L i, *Tlus spoke, he his 
■haipe sword drew,' readt ' TUb spbke, he 
drew his fatal sword,' add t^iftto,'! s, 'Re- 
ceive thoa my red blood' is 'Receive ibjr 
crimson blood.' To harmonise with the 
prior needless ciiange, st 37, L-3,'ibr 'And 
as vpofi the crim^Oa'd ground' is changed 
into 'And as upon tiie coloni'd grbund,' and 
wone stin, for, L 4, 'His blood girted vp 
vpon the mulberries' reads ' His blood had 
dropt upon the malberries,' the latter a fault 
—seeing it was achieved, ' As on the ground 
he lies' — comparable with Robert Mont- 
gomoy's hero's anmriig performancei a^ 
wickedly immortalised by Macimlay. In st 
38, L I, 'At last came Tbisbe' is altered 
into ' At last &ir Tbisbe,' and * being she ' 
{L 3) into ' since she ' — the fbimer, like the 
recurring 'for that,' preferable as rebuning 
the idiom of die day. In at 99, 1. 1, * from ' 
is changed into ' thro*,' and, L 4, 'In what 
perplexity did she sad renmne ' reads ' Ah t 
how perplext did her sad soul remain,' and, 
L 6, ' All ngnes of raging Borrow she ex- 
pressed,' thus, 'And evety sign of raging 
grief express'd.' So in st 30, L t, ' She cries 
'gainst mighty Jove' is tamed down into 
' She blames ell-poweiflil Jove,' and, 1. 5, 
' and's wound ' into ' his wound,' and, L 6, 
•that' into 'which.' In at 31, L a, 'thee 
and I ' ia ' c<Arected ■ into 'Thee and me,' 
and in st 33, L 6, ' De^ mil force me goe 
from thee ' into ' will force me «ooii from 
tbefc' In st 34, L 3-4, ' 

' O (Uf (Uot Sonic) tlut 10 wee tmlne 
M^ BDc logMher, vbm «*e ihall Rsuiiw 
In endlcaae loya ' , . . 

are changed into 

■ O nay (bktt So4l) 1 while nftmin, ' 
That we may go logetber, and remain 
In otdkM Joj,' ... 

In st 35, L 3, ' Many a teare they spent, 
but all in vaine,' reads, < Much they did weep 
and giieve, but all in vain,' and, I. 5, ' They 
both were layed in one grave, life done ' is 
changed to ' Both in one grave were laid 
when life was done.' Few will dLGTer from 
me that even in themselves the 'improve- 
ments ' of the author's revision are in scarcely 
a single instance such, while none will dis- 
agree that in relation to -the 'Foedcal Blos- 
soms,' what we want to-day is the boy-poef s 
wt^kmanship not the man's. And yet until 
now— owing to the well-known coUecdve 
edition tA 1707-11 (3 vols. 8vo of Sprat) 
having reprinted the 'lenaed' not the original 
text— students have had no opportunity of 
studying the pkenomtnon (I recur to the 
Word)' presented In a child of t^i composing 
such a poem as Fyraimu and Tkiibt, and 
of twelve such another as Q^rutantia and 
Philetus. That in ' Poetical Blossoms ' we 
have a phenomenon deserving examination, 
not a mere literary curioei^, may be demon- 
strated by a very few quotations. Thus in 
Pymmtu and J%isb*, whether it be remini- 
scent or not, there was the poefs indeftnable 
toudi in the italidscd lines of st 7 ; — 

III^ could 01)07, je* tliinke tlie time but *bort : 
And wiih thai It again renewed were, 
Tanttt tack tUUr't inatk far our Utrt.' 

But finest of all is a metaphor that seems 
to me perfect in itself and peifecdy wrought, 
in this of Venus plotting mischance for 

' Tbnt Bmmfy U b; Beantle'i meanca vndone, 
Strinlng to doae thcK ej«i ttnl make bo- brigfat 1 
Ital Ukt dU UooHt, mkicM miti t ttlifu tkt Sum, 
Wiaut all hn tfUxdnr, atllur itamtt Jo* amt : 
■ So itae, who fetcheth hatre from tbtjr tlchl, 
DMh papoas to Araiaj tbejT gtorkms UffiL' 

(Vol I. p. 16, c. I.) 

From ai^ one, much more from a boy of 
ten, I must htdd for r em a r ka b le this maxim 



■ltd Mr of detcriptioa of ■ cave'i dtrkneM 
combined 1 — 

Then I like extremely the 'fweet lim- 
pUcitjr' of the epitaph :— 

'VoderiMUli ifali marble itacM, 
Ll« two BMMkB)arn'd Ia ou. 
IVo whon Lom, Death ecnid tM «e*tr, 
Fcr both llT'd. bo(h djr'd tofMbw, 
T>o wbow SoulM, InlBg loo dlTfna 
Par Ewth, In llMir own iplMrai DOW ddM. 
Who hnn Ut tfcdr Lo*«t to Fwm, 
And tbdrMiA lotntthitaim.' 
' Rue Ben ' might have pot tluU into the 
' Undeiwoods.' 

Veiy noticeable in CcmtanHa wid PhiUhu 
it the preluding upintiro, given its ultimate 
and imperiahable form in ' What ihall I do 
to be foi ever knomi,' ai thui : — 
' LloM ... I Iwa ■nj' ilma, 
Tbtj In mj dinth'i reranp, taaj cooqiMr llnw.' 
(Vol I. p. 7. ooL I.) 
But the two yean' later poem has no such 
•rreating things in it u above from I^ramia 
and TTUsit. I note a very few, in part itali- 
ciaed: — 

' TlwM donbu Ukt Scrll* nad Cvibdii nsnd, 
HVM Cvfid m tUmd PiM itk e trnmamd.' 

l/tU, p. «, B. I.) 

' Hm wbo acqnalnteth othen with hii mou*, 
Adda to bl« McDd'* filcf. bntnot nraMiowne.' 

• Uka Hrdi Ihnt flntta "boot tbs rr°- ^ >■>"■ 
Or ibe poora PI7 cancht In Anchiw'i net : 
Euoi lo I iponed with her Beantye'i tight, 
• Fklnst (qtrath he) wbam tha brisfat Hcnrau do corer 
Do not these tearei, then spoking tearei, desFriw : 
And dolorom tigtwt of » mbmlnlve Lorar, 
Tbui ttmdw to tbe eulfa bj yonr all-dueUns Ejtm.' 
{IHd. c 1.) 
' Hct Kjm, that conqner'd bO the; (hone Tpon, 
Slul Iknugk his gluUen ^a. ' 

{INd. p. 10, c I.) 
■ But In hii loule thnt ihonld be the best itore 
Of ture*t ilchei, be wubueaiidpoaK.' 

Tbeee mut loffice frOD the two laqp 
poems. Two of tbe ■hocter I cannot, with- 
out wrong, in «ay wsy mutilate— dK fat 
belonging to 1631 or 13th ycu^ tbe oths 
to a probably eulier year, as iti first line 
has a &VDtirite word in CMntawti* m^ 
PUittus, viz., ' eiqwla'd.' I ad the s 
who really would know Coniey to ' 
these. To my thinking there is voy re- 
markable vigour in the Elegie, and y«t more 
remarkable imagtnatioii in the ' Dream,' and 
in tbe latter such iridescent gleams aa rauk 
the Maker off from the mere RhytutCT. 
Let these two pocou and the brief citatioat 
from the laiger represent the Early Poems or 
' Poetical Bhwsoms' »— 


CLBKKa, bte of Xxvcxajn»-Imm 
• n wot ittrttdtfttm^ktl DaHmU, 
{Tlu WtrUfiimCi»iMlwn:i)adiail,»tmUDit. 
Ml lalu Amt/mrl4tti pun Hack AchBon 
AniiMigtn t/lk' iiiftnud Itigitm, 
Uading HitTi trifit Parfr eaftiaUt, 

Wai aiurtomt /Ummlfi. iy famfmrriag Fait. 
Tlu Jlamam Tin.Lu'(/^*ariv Slt/amM, 

Wkkk i» at Ban, did Uci^wmryStmu 
Cftkt raft ttanr; JUj mtUiJliums trmUt 
CaaU amalaU ckanm tm it m entfkU Death. 
Afiw Solon, j# 3r QneM «Aur'4 cntf iBH 
Himu^i,wilk<UlUi Wu»damt./r»ma*Graa€. 
sum Fail irvagit Uako tr »is FtauraajUmt. 
And imtdd kav* tndtd ■'■ Ikatjlrt kii Pema : 
Butmimg Uuat kfljr lini. wkidt mm iMaU ti 
Timt'i cntfiKron, and etU-la^ BUrmitu. 
Bvtm la Ifftid CLKRKl/npB Dtatk na teaftttaJdJhU 
Ttoagk anmtd milk gnat Alcidki' valiant mimd. 
Htwatadent'diitytaro, tlm^farrtwHrtyotiag, 

Witk Uarmd CiCUO't, er * iwtOtr Tougmi, 
AadcftildiUadVniGll^lUartJdi l^jtraim. 
Hit wnid tondtmnt kii nnu Isjfn agaitu. 
Hiiyoua a SOLOlTl Wiidtm dUpmag', 
Had tiniom TtdM hUgivm him Sotxm'l agt 
And all that i» nr Aneatan tali Hm 
O/amj Vtriut. tartk mm Utt ia him. 

Wka would not Uun/ort now if LtaminitfrUnd, 
BonayU lai fataU and vnlaufy tnd ; 

Who *atk nci hard, nuk i-mlming Byu, 
Ai not ta W4tpt wktn lomnik VtrtHt^/at 

Tkt Godo/Potndtlk in darhusit iknwd 
Hii gloriev fact, and wttftt itkind a Cloud. 



Tk» ioU/vU Mum MuUmg nam It wMr 
Sad Eiii^a, tkiir tait^ omfaumd tkiir ngti : 
Bmt kim te VSsjmtC* Ituting leyit fMtji Mj^f, 
WltBV ■wingiJ AngiU Hi lad Rcqakmi dug.' 

A Drbamb of Eltuvu, 
' nxtfi*! expali'd tqr tlie Kpproadiliic Nighl 
Bluib'd, ftod for sbune cloc^d In hli Vi*«Kft^ii livhtr 
Whlk I with laden Moifhivs orcrctHDC, 
The Muse, wfaom I adore, sita-'d the roone. 
Her bagn wilh kxm cnriodtle. 
Did EO bcT ooawl; bwdi dUwrd'd IfB^ 
Htr tifm whh iddi utiMtlTC tMuUf (hooo, 
Ai m^t have wak'd ilniiiiig EHDntiOM. 
Shea bid tat rtM mmI promb'd I (honid *m 
Than FMdi, tbow ^urioni o( Fdkftie. 
We noiMla m admin m : Sp««king tlnu. 
She BAa me >p vpoo wlng'd Pegasna, 
OmrtKmliid; KMnrfag whera crsr aha 
Did goe, (hai place dubi needi a Temple bee. 

No aoooer wu nif fljbiK Cooraer cotne 
T« (be bleat dwdUngi of Elfihim ; 
Wbcn Knigfal ■ tboamid mknown }oyes mort, 
And bemm'd me nnuid : Chast Iote'i lonocuoiu sport. 
A ihooand sweeti. bought with bo followiiig Gall, 
toyo. not like oun, ifaoit, but pCTpelualL 
How maiif t)b)ecu durme mr wand'tlng eye. 
And Ud my tonle faie there eternally ? 
Heerc to fiiU lUCMnei, Baccht* thy Uquor Bowea, 
Norknowea toriibe: bcrelovK's bread Tree beMowea 
DtnOUnc Hony, beve doth Nectar paMe 
Whb ooplow ctincat throagli tha vardant craiae, 
H«n Htacimth bli &te wilt In hli loofcei, 
And tbon Nascihtb looinf Mia tha brookea, 
Oneelooelyboyea; and Ada now a Flower, 
An Bonrldi'd, wltlt that i 
Created thai 
The ipollaae Lilly, and tbe Bhuhb^ Roae, 
And an tboae dhm onamati abound. 
That variouily may paint the gawdy gnmnd. 
No wllknr, aorrowe'i gaHaiid, then halfa roome. 
Nor Cypresie, lad attendant ofa Tomb& 
Nooe bnt Affollo'e tree, and th' Ivfe twine 
ImbradDg the Root Otks, the fruitful! Vfaie, 
And treea with golden Apples loaded dowse. 

Taw* with ber voice a nuilshlng Honnony. 

WbOM all the murmmlng brookea that glide along 

Make vp a burthen to her pleailng song. 

No Scrlicb«iri«, aad ctnpaaioB of the night. 

Or Udeoa* Ranen with prodlgaoui BlgU 

PiCMgiiv (oKire ilL Nor Progiic, tbee 

Tot spoKad wUb yoong III* tragedy, 

Tboae Sacred bcnren raceinei There's nodilng there, 

That la not pare, immacalaia, and rare. 

Tnmlim my greedy sl^t another way, 

Vadar a raw of ■Knn»«onicauiiw Bai>. 


I saw tha Throdan slngcT with hil lyre 
l^acb the deafe stones to beare Urn, and admire. 
Him tbe wb^ Poets Chonn aoopas'd round. 
All wlum the Oake, all whom tbe LawteH ero' 
There faaaisb'd Otid bad a lasting borne. 
Better then tfaon oonbbt ghie IngFateAilI Roeie : 
And LVCAN (splght of Nero) In mA nine 
Had eoeiy drop of his qdh bioad againe : 
HoHER, SeTs Bnt borne, was not poote or blinde, 
But saw Bi well in body as Id mluda. 
Tuixia, grane Caio, Solon, and the rat 
Of Gneee's adnui'd Wixmen, beie poewsl 
A large reward for (heir past deedi, and gaine 
A Ufe, as euerlasting as theyr Fame. 

By these, the rallani Heroei take their place, 
An who iteme Death and perils did imtxace 
For Vertoe's cause. Great Alexander there 
iMOffiix at the Harth'i small Empler, did weare 
A nobler Crovne. tiien tbe wliole world could give. 
Thoe did HoiATivs, COCX.IS, Scxva life, 
And nllant Decivb, who now freely oeaae 

Next them, t>en«uh a Myrtle bowre, when Dores. 
And gall lease Pidgecns bailt theyr nests, all Lotes 
ndthfoU p eiiei eios with ai 
And soft in 
Leamdki with his bi 
Nor are they parted with dividing Seal. 
PoacaA Injoyes her Bkutve, Death no mote 
Can now divorce theyr wedding, as be(<xe. 
Thisbx her Pieahve kiss'd, hii TMisbe bee 

And every couple alwayes dancing, sing 

Etcniall ditties to Ely^m'i King. 

Bnl see how soone tbeie pleasorei lade away. 

How neae to Bvenlng is delight's short E>ar ? 

For tb' watcfafoU Bird, tnie Nnnchn of (be Light, 

Straight crow'd : and all thesevaniih'd from my right, 

My voy Muse b« iclfe foraooke n>e loo, 

My griefe and wondc wak'd : What aboutd I doe? 

Ob I let me follow tbee (ayd I) and goe 

From life, that 1 nay Draunc lor ever so. 

WlCb that my flying Mnae I tlwnglil to daspe 

Within my aimas, but did a Shadow gtaspe. 

Tkui lAitfrslJeyti, glidt uitk On tviJUit itnamt. 
And all mr grtalal Pltarurt' s htii a Drtawu.' 

(Vol L pp. 17, iS, ig.) 

'Sylva' added to 'Poetical Blossomes ' of 
1636 further anpplies as with an intennediate 
poem, i^. belottging to his 13th year, as 
delightfully told in his Essay 'Of Myself' 
It is there called 'A Vote' (=Vov) else- 
where ' A Wish.' I take it to be felicitously 
done all through, alike in warp and woof, 
matter and itaai. Let the capable Reader 
judge :— 




'Le« tbcm 
I dUTM not bol in H 

To wU^ier ia /«w'i «Bre, 
How BDch t with IhU foJMnill, 
OtfdpsBlMHhBgraMaM'i Ul, 

TUi ki kO aiet heare. 
And fatarB ty in my (oula't pictnra M* 
What I abbotTe, wbu I thaira to bas. 
I would not be a Purtlane, thoufh he 
Can pnach two bourei, and y«i hU MnnoD bee 

But halle a quarter loaf:; 
Tbougb fnnn hii old mechuicke trade 
^ vltloa bee '■ a Poitcr made, 

Hii bllb WB« grovDe lo itrong. 
Nar thoofh be iMake to gayne nlvallon, 
%t calUng tb' Pope the wlu^ of Babylon. 
I wonld not bee a SchooleouMn, Iboogb bee 
Mil rodi 00 leue llien Faun ili mum to bee, 

Tboofh hae (n BMir a {dace, 
Toraei LUfy oftner then bia (owMa ; 
1111 at the laM bee make Iba nomiea, 

Flgbi with the Tetbei apace. 
Nar Ihoogti bee can In a Poetkbe iieate, 
Figurei, bocDa wue, out oT poore yirgiU haale. 
I would not bee loslice oT Peace, though bee 
Can with equality divide the fee, 

And (takes with hli Clarke draw : 
Nay Ihousfa he« ilt upon ibe place. 
Of IndKemeni with a leanied &ce 

lutrieate ai the Law. 
And whil'it bae mulct* eDormitles donureiy, 
Breaks Priieian's bead with sentences ncurely, 
I would not bee ■ Courtier, thoogih bee 
Makes his whole life tba utMst Comedy : 

Aiibougta bee bea a iMn 
In whome tha Tajte's fOrmlv An, 
And nimble Barbv dayme nore pot 

Then Nature herwUs can. 
Though, as bee uaaa awn. 'tU bis hitnnt 
To put oiF daatb too, with a oompkacni. 

Witboitt all doubt tbeyle choakt at last) 

Make mee all innocenoe 
Good Heaven ; and from thy eyes, lusdce keepe, 
For tlioach tb^ bee not bUod, they 're oft atleepe. 
From Singing-men's fteligioa ; who are 
Alwayei at Chtvdi just like the Crowes, 'caase there 

Tbey build tbcmielTBi a nesi. 
Prom too much Poetry, which shines 
Whb gold In nothing but it's Unea, 

Tim, 4 fon powert, my breK. 

niineaee. intenayne the light. 
And sleepe. as uodiiiurti'd as d^itta, the night. 

' My house a cottage more 
Then r«'V*i and should filling bee 
For all mj nie, bo luiuiia. 

My gartlen painted on ^ 

With nature's hand, not am and pkaxiues yield : 
Htraet migbl envy In his Saiiiu BakL 
Thus would I ikmble my life '■ IMing apMC ; 
For bee that mnt ft wd, Iwke tm» Ua ive. 
And la this trae deUgtat, 

I woukl not faare, aor wish my &le. 

But boldly my each fright. 
To momnr lei my aoane hli hoaaea db^y. 
Or in Ckioda hkle than ; / kaui Uw'i It imy.' 

(VoLl. pp.«s-«6,) 

Of uiothet kind, redoleat of Eoature not 
boyish hnnaour, is die story of his boy-rtsit 
to the Law Courts (L ig, 'Boy get you ^m'). 

It too muit be given ; — 

A pMtuall rwengt. 
' Wat^nittr-ftall a friend and I agreed 
To meet in : hee (some bodrns 'twas did breed 
His abience) came not there ; T op did goe. 
To the next Coon ; for though I could not know 
MuA what they ment, yet I might see and heare 
(As most spectator* doe at Theater) 
Thing* rery strange ■ Fortune dk) sceme to grace 
My coming Ibme, and beipt me to a pbta. 
But being newly setled at the sport, 
A Semy-gentleman of lb' Innaa of Court 
In a Saltin suite, redeera'd but yesterday ; 
One who is raTlfdi'I with a Codtpit play, 
Who prayei God to ddnr him fion no eriD 
Beiidca a Tabor's Un, and Itens no Dernt 



Boida a Sojwu, thnui Dee from BTMUe: 

At wMcb I can to qnurdl, UB a DMte 

Man in a niSe, (whome ttwniroK I did tain 

Fcr Banister) open'd his moulh and ipake, 

B07 gel you gitn. tbis is no scboole : Ob no I 

For If it irHB, all you gown'd men would got 

Vp for false LattiD : Uwr (mr urai^t to bae 

iDCCDil ; 1 fnud they would have brooghl on aee 

An Action of TmpaHe, till th' young man 

Afonnid in the Saltln suite, begiui 

To stiike mee ; doubllesse there had beene a bar, 

Had not I providently dupp'd away 

Without replying ; for to sconld ii iU 

When evB7 tongue's the clapper of a Mill. 

And an ontsound Hitmtr's Gradivui ; M 

Away got I : bnt ere I farre did goe, 

I ftung (the Darts of woonding Patlriil 

Tbeae two or three ilurpe cnrsei hacks ; may hee 

Bee by his Fallw In his study tooke 

At Skait^iaHi Playe*. inateul o( my L. Cfaotk 

May hee [lboa|^ all hii writings grow as soooe 

As Btitttri out of eHimation) 

Get him a Poet's name, and so nere come 

Into a Sergeant's, or dead ladge's roome. 

May be (for 'tii sinnc in a La*cyei) 

True Latin use to speake, even at the Barre ; 

May he betxime some poore Physitian's prey, 

Who keepes men with that conscience in delay 

As be his ClyenU doth, till his health bee 

As faire-lincb'd as a Greeke Nowne'i pedigree. 

Nay, few allthat, ms^ the disease bee gone 

Never but in the tone Vacatloa. 

iiMj Ndghbours tise idl quunls to decide ; 

But if for Law any to Lemdom ilde. 

Of all those Clyenti may no one be his, 

Vnlene he come in Ftrma Pat^tris. 

Onnt this you Gods, that favour Paltry, 

That so at last these ceaflesse lonfiws may be 

Brou^t into Tefosnatlon, and not date 

To quairdl with a threadbare blade, but spare 

Ttaero who beare SchoQers' naines, leat some one take 

S^eeoe, and analhet Jgiurvmmt mak«L' 

(VoL L pp. 967.) 

There are other things in 'Sylva' that I 
must reserve for the EnAiritg .Ptems, albeit 
4U at those, thus in ({uoted migfat well be 
there placed) according to tlieir representa- 
tive chancter In our Ikeratnre; 

So much lies befbre ui still tliat I Boaj' not 
linger on these Eafly Poems. I therefore 
only notify the most {»ecioiu and memoraUe 
association with the ' Poetical Blossomes ' 
bej'ond even CraahMv'B Poem on them. It 
had struck myself, and years ago was put in 
die maigin of oat of tuf copies of Hilton ; 

b« my fiicnd Mr. K W. Gosse havii^ fine- 
stalled me, I gladly let him tell it : — 

■ * WMle Cowley wm posins as ttie Child-genius tt 
Westminster [I must intereaUtc that 'posatg' it 
hai4Iy tbe woid, teeing that the chilid was in nowise 
forward m setf-asseiting] a yoiitb tea Twn his senior 
wM about to retire to a solitude at Horton which wa* 
to enrich Engli^ poetry with tome of its most 
exquisite and most perfect treasnies. It U feuiOi 
HuH Ilk film* «/ CfwU^t frtceeity k»d rmeiid ttt mri 
tfl^m,wlu»lulamtKt€d.^ Mi JSril Smmtt'm 
that DO bod 01 blottom adonwd his late spring, inch 
as endued " more timdj-huppr "piiiu," ' (p- 1")' 

One has only to recall the Sonnet, to be 
satisfied that it imu of the 'Poetical 
Blcssomes' MUton was thinking. Here it 
is, from the original text, vie, from 

of Mr. >A(s SfiUem, BOTH EHai4iH and lATIN, 
Compos'd at several times. —Printed by his tni« 
CofAa (&C.). 164.5. 


' HOW soon htlli Time tbe snttle Iheef of youth, 
Sb>ln on his wii^ my three and twcntith jeer I 
My tautiiig dayes ffie on with full career, 
Bnt my late spring no bad or blossom Bhew*th. 

Perhaps my semblance might deceive the tnth. 
That I to manhood am arriv'd to near. 
And inward ripeneu doth mud ten appear. 
That BOm more timely-happy sj^tt mduth. 

Vet be it less or more, or toon or slow. 

It shall be still In strictest measure eev'n, 
To that same lot, however mean, or high. 

Toward which Time leads me, and the will of Heav^i ; 
All it, if I have grace to use it so. 
At ever in my great task Master's Eye.' 
I like to believe not only that the word 

■ blossom ' was meant to point to ' Poetical 
Blossomes,' but deeprt', that the supreme 
Poefs 'universal eye*^ saw among these 
' Blossomes ' in ComtatUia and PhtUtta, this 

' Tm I at latt grew bliDd wHh too much dght.' 
and long after transformed it into 'dark with 
excess of bright' It will not be hard to 
the student (by help of our Glossarial Index) 
to teace Cowleym words in the mightier Poet 



' Love'i Riddle ' also belonga to the Eulr 
Poenu, bearing as it does on its title-page 
that it had been ' written at the time of 
bis being King's SchoUcr in Wes tmi nste r 
Schoole,' id tst, not later than early in 1636 
(when he proceeded to Cambridge) or in 
bis 1 8th year. On this ' pastoral Comedy ' 
Dr. Johnson pronounces : ' This comedy is oS 
the pastoral kind, which requires no ac- 
quaintance with the living world, and there- 
fore the time at which it was composed adds 
litde to the wonden of Cowlcjt's minority' (as 
before, p. 5) — a critidsm that proves the 
Moralist had never glanced beyond the title- 
page, not to say that there is of course u real 
a ' living world ' in the country as ever in city. 
With more knowledge, but with passing for- 
gediilness in the outset, Mr. Gosse writes of 
it with pleasant discursiveness thus — 

' There can be do donbl that in loogii^ to go to 
Cunbiidge, u we know that Conrley did, (he deare 
of a»ociating with Randolpli wm not the leut 
indncement [inrelj not — leeing that Randolph nn- 
happily died March 1634, and Cowley knew he could 
not leave Weatminster until 1636, u he actually then 
and only then did?] Hia Lov^t SiddU provei that 
he wai luniliar with Tlu ymltut Lavtri, printed in 
163*.' ... ' He was entcTcd at Trinity Collie, 
Cambridge, and proceeded thither with the hi. at 
his pailoral diaroa of Levii RiddU, written about 
the age of liiteen, in his pockeL Though Randolph 
wai unhappily dead, there were othen who would 
welcome the boy-genius to the tank* of the Cam. 
Suckling, Cleveland, Faoibawe, and Crashaw were 
all at Cambridge ; and with the last of theie, at any 
rate, he itruck up an immediate friendship. It ii 
probable al*o that the needy and forlorn Butler, in 
■ome obtcnre omner of a college, wat picking np 
inch odd scrap* of leaining ai vary the page* of 
HuMna. Cowley, with a diSerent fate, came into 
port with Bowing taiU, and lost do time in wioning a 
poiition. In 1637 a third edition of the Pottital 
BlBistnu was pnUished, and in 163S hit p««toral 
comedy of Lavit RiddU. This made what was 
then considered a *eTy dainty little volume, adorned 
with a portrait of the young author, pretty but penty 
smiling, while a florid ar^ descends from heaven 
with a great qoill pen in one hand, and in the other 
a gariand of hnirel that he lays on the flowing sOlcy 
locks. ApTdocnetDSiTKeiielmDigbyI"ofii4iow 

" The style i* low, tach as ytm 11 easily take 
For what a swain mt^t My or a boy make-'* 

'This hoyiah drama is one of the n 
tUngi that Cowtey ew encoted, and b in disdwl 
following, wlthoat imitation, of Randolph's Jmttm 
Lfotrt. It Is written in good blank verse, with ccn- 
•idenAle sprightlineai of dialogue, and with seven! 
threads of faitr^nea that are held well in hand, and 
drawn skilinlly together at last. Callidara, the 
hcndne, Bies Inta her father's court, and Act 1 
describe* ber arrival and wdconw by sane vnlpr 
bat amusing sbepberds; the next act shows how 
anguished at ber lota every one at her father's cout 
is, but especially her lover Pbilittas ; and the rest 
of the Mtiaa, of eouse, record* the vidssimdca that 
prevent their reunion oniil the fifth act. I hare no 
space to quote, but may in passing be permitted 10 
refer to the last scene of the second act, as containing 
a passage of genuine and delighlfitl humour. In 
Zttv'f RiddU there is much, I have said, to praise ; 
bnt there is an absence of many qualities that Cowley 
ncTci poasettcd, and which are *"""«' to psutond 
poetry. There is no genuine passion, no knowledge 
of the phencmena of nature, no observant love (^ 
bitll* or flowers, or the beauties of country life. AH 
the exquisite touches thai illuminate the AsAl/W 
Sktf}itrd4a are eminently absent ; nor have we in the 
precodoushmnoaraf the world-wise boy any equiva- 
lent far the sweet garmlons music of ChalUtill cr 
Browne ' (as before, pp. 713-4). 

To the dosing deductions and criticism 
a fourfold answer is easy (i) You do not 
look for such ' knowledge * in a boy of 16 : 
(2) The author of the ' Faithftil Shepherdess ' 
wrote at an age when he might have been 
OUT Foef s father, and he, on the other hand, 
has none of Love's Riddle's ' humour '; (3) 
There is no ground for comparison between 
either Chalkhill or William Browne, seeing 
they wrote nothing ' dramatic,' although the 
renowned 'Britannia's Pastorals' verbally 
suggest a parallel : (4) There are things in 
Lovis RiddU very much more notewrathy 
than anything in Chalkhill, and declarative 
of genius sustained onward from ' Poetical 

I trust my Readers will turn to laeis 



Siddit for themselves, and smrender a day 
till far on in the night to it, and secure me— 
thanks, for its genuine leproductioo. How 
trippingljr goes this of Alupte io Act i, 
sc. 1 : — 

•Call. Whrartthoanudde? 
Alu. Whatiribve? 
I hope 'til no dliendh Da- me Sir ? 
For fa] thl) age who U not ? I le prate ft to 701] : 
Vonr Qtizen, hee '> madde (o trust the OcntlaiiBn 
Both vftb Va weaiet ud wtfe. Vonr Omrtler, 
Hee'i madde to spend Us time In itodrlng: pottares, 
Crii^a, and bihlom, and new comidonenu ; 
Your Lawjc, bee '■ madde (0 sell amr 
His tongue lor maner, and his CHeat madder 
To bay It oT blm, ihice 'tis of no use 
But to undoe men, and the Laline tongue ; 
Your Sehollers, ther are madde to breake their bnlnes, 
OM-watch the Moooe, and look mare pale then shee. 
That 10 when all the Am caD hlra their Master, 
Hee m>r pethapi gn aome small Vlcaiidge, 
Or be the Viher of a Schoole i bat (here's 
A thing In blacke calkd Poet, who is ten 
Dagrees In madneue above these ; his meeDes 
!• what (be gentle F^lei please lo allow him 
Sf tba death or mariage of some migfatj Lord, 
WUcli llee must loleinnlie with a new Song. 

C«l. This fellowe'i wit amaieth me ; but friend. 
WhMdoerOu think of lovers r 

Aim. Worst of all ; 
U't not a ptettf folly to stand thni, 
And ilgb, and fold the aimes, and ciy mjr Calia, 
Mj toule, my life, my <Mia, Hxa to wring 
One's state for presents, and one '9 brayne for Sonnets ? 
O t 'tit beyond the name of Phioule. 

Cal. What so Satyridke Staepbeaid 1 Tbeleere 
You did not leanie theae fladies hi the Woods : 
How Is It potable that yon should get 
Sndi necn aeqiadntanee whh the Citie manners. 
And yet lire here in sndl a tDeni place ; 
When one wonld Ihinke the vet; name of City 
Ccmid hardly cDUr.' (VoL I. pp. 37-8.) 

How dever this hit (italidsed) at the Phy- 
sician, through the Law's delay I 

' Cal. Strive to be my Phyritian. 
Aim. The good Oodi foibid It ; T tnme Phyihlui f 
My hrenta beongfat me up more plouily, 
Then tint I dioold play booty with a dknene, 
TbrM ■ oonannptlDn lo men's partes, and 
Por^ them wotae then llietr Iradyea, aitd set np 
Ad Apotbecarie's shop In private chambers ; 
Live by rev en aw of eleae itnotet and urinals. 
Defcm off sick meo't health from day to day 
At i/a^ wMKl » Utm wifk Oiir distau. 
No, I mabomelbrbeuerend*, (ben to lend away 

Hit Ma]ealle's sabjeet's to hdl lo hn. 

As If I wen to ihiOT tbe itdrea with Cluavm.' 

(Vol L p. 38, ooL I.) 

Of kin is another ^rd at the vodfoous 
Preacher: — 

'Why, I could talkie ont 
An home or to, bm then I want a cmtakm 
To thomp my pneepts bito.' 

{.Hid, p. 38, col I.) 

'No knowledge of the phenomena of 
nature, no observant love of birds or flowers 
or the beauties of country life'? What are 
these. Master Gosse? 

' How red his dieekei are I to our garden applea 
Looke, OB that sida where tbe hot Sim tahitei tbeo.' 
{.tUd. p. 40, coL a.) 

' Btll. I am bold to bring 

A garland to yon ; 'ds of tbe best ilowen 
Which I could gather ; I wai idcking them 
All yesterday, 

Cal. How yon oblige me to yon I 
I thanke you sweetest : How they Sourish itiH ! 
Sure (hey grow bstter, diKe your hand had ikipt Ibem. 

Bill, They will doe ; what your brow hath bonout'd 

' In this hapi^ place 
(Happy ber Fnsenoe made it) she appetu'd. 
And bnauh'd fresh hononrs on the smiling trees : 
Which owe more of their gallantry to her 
Tkiit b, llu Miu«r Una o/lki Wtit mini. 
Ha 1 tore 'tis the I Thus doth the Sanne breike fonh 
From (he bla<±e cnrtaine of an aaTioos cloud.' 

(lUd. p. 47, coL I.) 

' BtlL What would you doe, (hat thna yon urge my 

Fla. Nothing T iwe«re that diould oiiend ■ Saint, 
Nothing which can call op thy maidai blond 
To lend thy foce a tduih, nothing which chatte 
And venuous slitera can deny (heir Brothers ; 
I doe confeise I love you, tNit tbe Ere 
In which 7<Tiw courted hit ambitiout Miitrit, 
Or dial l>y holy men on Altars kindled. 
Is not so pure as mine is ; I would coly 
Gaxt (bus Dpon (hee ; feed my hungry eyei 
Sometimes with those tiright tresses, which tbe wind 
Farre bappiv thai I, playes up and downe in, 
And sometimes with (hy cheekes, those may twins ; 
Then gently (ouch thy hand, and often kist it, 
Till ibou thy sellc ihouldH chedce my modetly 
And yield tby Mpa.' {IHd. p. 48, ooL >.) 



TUi obligttkmto i 
oiigiD*! to the Cum of Fcinut^ whc^ ia«s«c*nfc 
and nncoltiTMed, b; bii tnaefii] boDige to hit 
Laon, refined the tMnoen of the letlcrad world, 
and filled Earope with lore and poeby. But the 
h>Bi of all axcaUence ii trath ; be that pro<^ a» lore 
00^ to feel it* power. PetiMch wm t. real lorai^ 
aad Lama doabtlcM deaerred hii tendcnieM. Of 
Cowley, we are told by Baraea (Jonutu Anatrtem- 
tern, Cambridcc W, I705]> who had mcaiu nongh 
of information, that, whatercr he maj talk of hii 
own inflaMMaUUtj, and the nrtet? of chanden by 
whidi hit beait wa* divided, he in nalitr wa* in lore 
bat once, and then oerer had reMtntioa to tell bis 
panion. Thiiconiideration cannot bat abate, in udm 
meanirc, the readef*! eateem for the work and the 
aathoi. To love excenenoe is natonl i it b nataial 
lilcewiae for the lover to aolicit redprocal regaid bj 
an elaborate diiplay of hU own qualificationi. Tlic 
deiire of pleaung bai in different men produced 
acttont of hciuism, and effoiion* of wit ; bat it leemi 
■• reaionablc to appear the chunpicm at the poet of 
an " aii7 nothing," and to qnaml ai to write for what 
Cowley might have learned from hii niwter Pindar 
to call, the "dream of a ihadow." It ii tnrely not 
difficolt, in the lolitDde of a college, or in tlie bottle 
of the wDild, to find naefnl itndiei and terioot 
employment. No man needi to be to barthened 
with life at to tqiunder it in volmituy dreamt of 
bctitioai cccnmnoet. The man that citi down to 
nppon himielf charged with ticaton or pccolatloa 
and heat! hit mind to an elaborate purgation of hit 
character from Crimea which he wai nerei within 
the posiibility of committing, diffen mly by the 
infreqncncy of hli folly from him who piaitei beauty 
whidi he nerer mv, complaint of j ealooiy whidi he 
never felt, lupposei himielf •ometimei invited and 
■ometimet fonaken, btiguca hit fancy and iMkaackt 
hit mtmoiy for imaget which may exhibit the gaiety 
of hope or the gloominett of detpair, and dieetes hia 
imaginary Chloris or nqrlllt tometimet in flowen 
fading at her beauty, and lometioLei in genu laitinc 
at her rirtoea ' {u before pp. 7-8). 

Onwird in the ' life ' we fitid thii — 
'The next das of hit poeu ia called "The 
UittreM," of wfaii^ it ii not necmaiy to idect aiay 
partiealaT plecoa far pniae or coian. They have 
all dw Maa beaatlai aad faalla, and nearly m the 
nme pioportioa. They an wiittoi widi cEnber- 
ance of wit, and with cofHowneat of leanuog ; and 
it It traty ataerted by Spntt, that the plemtode of the 
writer't knowledge Bowi in apoa hit pige, ao thai 
the reader it commonly mrprited into tome im pt ov 
meoL But, contidered at the vei*e> of a lover, no 
man that ha* ever loved will much aanmend tb^ 
They are neither oowtly nor pathetic, have ndtho' 
gallantry nor faadnaa. Hia pialwa are too &r 
ioaght, and too hyperfaidiGal, either to eaprcw love 
or to excite it ; ereiy itaaat it crowded with daili 
and Bamei, with wonndi and death, with mingled 
■oult, and with broken faearti.' .... 'Cowley^ 
"Miitre«''hat nopower of lednction : "the^yt 
iDund the head, but reacbei not the heart." Her 
beauty and nbtence^ her kindnen and ctnelly, her 
diidain and incooitancy, prodnce no correipcMideMc 
of emotion. Hit poetical aooooBt of the virtnet of 
pianti, and colooia of flowen, b not peroaed with 
more tloggith frigidity. The compotitioai are avcft 
aa might have been written for p^an-t by a hermit, 
or for hire by a philoaophical rhymer who Imd only 
heard of another ta ; for they turn the mind only 00 
the writer, whom, withoat thinki^ on a wodmb bot 
aa the tubject for hit taik, we lometima MMoa at 
leaned, and tometimet deipiae at tiifld^ alw^t 
admire at ingenioat, and alwayi coadenu at **- 
natural ' (pp. 39-40). 

In the coDtext of thii latter passage the 
Moralist refers and passingly appropriates 
Addison's illustrations of ' Mixed Wt,' 
(Spectator No. 63); and as this fine spectmen 
of our earlier literary criticism imquestioD- 
ably hits a blot in ' The Mistress ' and in 
the poetry of Cowley generally, it it only 
candid to refffoduce it, not to say that we 
of to-day will profit by studying snch de- 
liberative thought-Iadeo criticisni. First of 
all I take his account of the nature of 
' mixed wit ' from one of the notes to his 
translations from Ovid's Metamof{duMts : — 

' Mr. Locke in hit Ejiay t/ Human UnJtntoM^mg 
hat given ni the beat accoont of wit in thort that can 
any where be net with, mt, my bt, d^ iiutt 



tmtmtUagt »/ tdmt atid /h/Av ^I"" ^^I'"' tnU 
fwcinecr mid moiety wMtrtin am it found anj 
memiUma ar cgngmity, lAendy tv matt up fUasant 
fietmra aitd agrimtU vitiani at tit fitncy. Thttt 
does tme wit, u thii imcompuable Bathor obMrrei, 

■wA, M thii likctieti U num (orpiisiiig and on- 
But u Irm tpit u DOthing eUe bat • 
in Ideal, to n fiUu vnt the ainilitiide in 
worii, whethei it lyei in the likeneM of letten oniy, 
■1 in anagmn and acnxtic ; oi of syllablei, as in 
doggrel rtuma ; or whole words, is Fnni, Echoi, 
and tb« likb Betide* thcM two kinds of Uie and 
tme wit, there it another of ■ middle oatiue, that bai 
lomething of both in it i when in two Ideat, that hare 
Bine leacakblance with each other, and are both 
enirti a wl by the tame word, we make ate of the 
•mbignitr of the word, to speak that of me Idea 
bdnded nnder it, whidi it proper to the other. Thn^ 
tat ypnmplf, most tangoaKci have hit on the word 
irtddi properly i^nifies Fin to eipieti Z^st 
bf (and thenfore we may be nuc there is tome 
Tcaembluce in the Ideat mankind have of them) ; 
fton hcoce the witty poeu of all langnagts, when 
Aey h«*e once called Love a fat eaaaAa it no 
kageras the patilon, bat speak of it nnder the notioa 
of a real Bi^ and •■ the torn of wit reqairei, make the 
tave word in the same smtmf rtand for either of 
Oe ideas that it annvwd to it. When Orid't ApoUo 
Uls in lore, be brnns with a new flame ; when the 
Sca-^iymphs i—y ">■ with thii paaiioo, they kindle 
in the water : the Greek BpiEiammatiat fell in lore 
with one dtat flm^ a mow-ball at him, and theiefere 
tafcea occaaioa to almiie how &re conld be Aot «on- 
oealed in snow. la diort, whmrerer the poet leeU 
^lything in his lore that reMmbles lomething in 
fite, he carries on this agreemoit into a kind of 
allegloTy ; bat if, u in the preceding twitanees, he 
fads any dicnmttancei m his lore contiuy to the 
■store of fii^ he calls hit love a fire, and by joining 
Ait cireomttance to it, nnpritci hii reader with a 
twmiiiu, contndiction.' 

Next in SpecUtor No. 63, Addison 
obeervea that this sort of ' mixed wit ' 
abounds in Cowlejr more than in any other 
atithor that ever wrote, and he then gives 
examples of it, all taken from 'The 
Mistress,' as thus : — 

'Cowley obteiTtng the cold regard of hii 
niitrcia't eyes, and at the tame tine their power of 
pTodndng lore, in him, consider! them as boming- 
^attetmade of ice ; and finding himtelf able to live 


inthegieatesteitremitieiofloTe, co n clndes the torrid 
nme to be habitable. When Us mistreu hai read 
his letter written in juice of lemon, by holding it to 
the Gre, he desires her to read it orer a second lime 
by lore's flames. When she weeps, he wishe> it 
were iawani beat that distilled those drops from Ae 
limbei^ When the it absent, he is beyond e^ty, 
that is, thirty d^reet nearer the pole, than when she 
is with him. His ambitious love ii a fire, that 
natormlly mounts upwards ; his happy lore is the 
beams of heaven, and his unhiqipy love flames of 
belL When it does not let him sleep, it is a flame 
that tends up no tmoke ; when it is apposed by 
counsel and advice, it is a fire that rages the more 
by the winds blowing upon it. Upon the dying of a 
Iree, in which he liad cut his loves, he obiervei, that 
his written flames bid t>umt up and withered the 
tree. When he reaolvet to give orer his pasuon, he 
tells OS, that one bamt like him (or ever dreads the 
fire. His heart ii in Aetna that instead of Vulcan*! 
thop, encloses Cnpid't forge in it. Hii endeavour- 
ing to diown hii love in wine, is throwing oil upon 
the fire. He wonld intiauate to hii mistress, that 
the fiie of love, like that of the son (which piodoees 
10 many livii^ creature^ shoold not only warm, bat 
beget. Lore, in another place, cooks pleasure at 
ber fire. Sometimes the poet's heart is frozen in 
every breast, and tonutimci icorched in evay eye. 
Sometimeibe ii drowned in tears, and bunt in love, 
like a iliip set on fire in the middle of the sea. . . . 
The reader may observe in every one of these 
instances, that the poet mixes the qualities of fire 
with those of love; and in the same sentence, speak- 
ing of it both at a passion and as a real lire, surprises 
the reader with these seeming resemblances or ccm- 
tradidiooti that make np all the wit in this kind of 

Acknowledgment is made, however, that 
Cowley, from whom the critic had taken 
these examples of ' mixed wit,' had as much 
^Irtte wit' as any author that ever wrote, 
' and indeed all other talents of an extra- 
ordinary genius.' 

More of this old-fashioned discourse anon. 

Very much more discriminating and to 
the point than Johnson, is Sprat's ' apology ' 
(in its old sense of ' vindication ') for the 
Love-Poems. It must also be given here, as 
follows : — 

* The variety of Argnmeals that he has mantc'd is 
so large, that there i% icarce any particular of all the 



powioM ofm«a, or woifci of N*tMe, avd rmiHiiri, 
wUch be kM pui'd br ondaMKib'd. V«t W Mill 
ob m ra the i^o of Deoeocr with k> muda oub. 

diMOvniw of niloeopkr, or \ai^am Urn aith tke 
HetoidtChuMUnef Charity aBdReUfioM I To ell 
tkMC Bettat* thai aie m wM* aauder, he rtill pro- 
portkni > do* fignie of Speadh, aad a ptOTMr MaaMue 
ofWiL TUtiadwliaBWitiaaadBbKthata^ 
who WM *a ooMtant and fix'd is the Uoaal Idea* of 
hii aiiad, dia«ld yet be w dMM(e)ri))e in Ui tnlal- 
lectnl, and in bo& to the Ughot il^iiii ef Eseri- 

' If then needed iiij mi mi Tii be mada, that fak 
LOTe-tefM* (boold take «p lo great a ihan ia his 
Work*, it u^ be allepd that thej i 
when ha wai mj yoBBg. Bnt it It a 
make anrUodof Apotogf Ibrthat km 
U DcToot or Viitoaai ■ 
the minda of the Tovog, 
whidi they are moat comenant t The; woald |Mt 
them oat tA tXi taifttaKf eS pi^tamiB^^Ktmaai^n, 
wbcD ther Eome to thom. Far the czardMa of aU 
nen'i Will, until bealwappropei foe theiiAge^ aad 
ncrec too mac± abore it : And bjr peactice and eee 
in lighter ArEBBenla, Ihaj grow ap al laigc to eaaaU 
in the itMit weighty. I am not thaefbre aiham'd to 
conunend Hr. CMrl^t Mi«te*«. I only except aae 
or two Expraaioa*, which I wtih I ooald have pre- 
nil'd with thoae that twd the right of Iha other 
Edition, to have left o«t Bnt of all the teetl date 
bddj proooanee, that never yeti 
on a tnbjeet (o Ddicate, that can len oAnd the 
terereet nilaa td Hoolity. The whole paabsa ef 
Love i( intimately dcacrib'd, with all iti mighty 
Train of Hopca, and Joyi, and Ditqnieta. 
Beiidei thit amoroo* tendemen, I know not bow in 
erery Copy, there ii Mmethhig of more tuefiil 
Knowledge reiy natnially and gmceAilly inainifated, 
and e*eTT where there may be ecnething ftmad, to 
inform the mind* of wiia men, at wdl «■ 10 mnre 
tht heaiti of young Men, or Women.' 

As Tepresentative of present-day criticism, 
unconsciously tinged if not shaped by tra- 
ditionary, I take Mr. E. W. Gosst in that 
noteworthy paper in Cornhill, vhence I 
have already drawn ao much. I let this 
always su^eMive writer ^>eak in full : — 

' ETcn In the Civil Wut, poetry wu read and 
published. In 1647, the year before the Hiiptrida 

hahly' I iBiMcalale] of Cowley'* tov»«ycl4 ealM 
73«MM<ar, wathtoedhBaglknd. riamAehM 
of lbe*e ptiee* we lean, or tie iaieadedio bdie*^ 
^tf Cowlqr wrate them ia Uttce year^ daring wUA 
tkaw he waa totatanlad with a lOTeptiioa thai ha 
■aw at kd to be hopeleiK It ii )ait po^Ua Aat, 
Hke Waller, be wat reaUy dnvted to tomt hdy <£ 
rank berood Ui teach, bat the poem* thimethte 
breathe no ardoar or tend Witt, and i«dh a anp port 
tkn b directly at waiasee with tit «wn riafidariy 
frank eipeaMoa of the geNed* of Ae book* {• Poett 
aw ■caret thoaght Ire ft^ 'etc. —already ghea). Th* 
IfltAiMi wet fued lo beooate oae of the mott adaitoed 
booktoftheage. Itwatapo^et coMpendhim oftta 
■etcnce of being tageniaaabafcin of the heart ; aad 
ila parity and tdmlaitic phrBM reeonuaendcd it to 
many 1^0 were no jaAgm of poetry, bnt tcit ke^ 
ceuon of aibiiety. To ni it ii Ae moat miicwkUe 
piodncdoa of ili aolhar, dry and ladiom, withoat 
tewdetaettt withoat nwhuichoty, witho u t amm c Hctc 
aad there wa find a good rhetartcaJ line, tadi a^ 
" Lota b lbs mil of body and toulofme" 

' L«Te wUch li Soole w Body. andSotfeofmae'j; 
and, what It faey carioaa, alaiMt all the piece* ka4 
oawkhateaoKMiaadwtfl-tarMdphiate. Batnot 

eoangh for qnotatite. All are limply doll, orci^ 
loaded widi ingealaai, piatak fancy, aad wet to 
■eceatric meawm of the authi^'t tarcsliaa, that bat 
•me to prove hla metrical iaeptitnde. It ii not 

» Ityla of the phikiao[:Ue»l 
poela of the gaatratlM faafoia, Whea tUioiflea 
kadi hit page* with tatMlci* eoncdts, be ova- 
coioara hit atyla in tte manner learned from L^, 
Uarial. and Gcagora. So Doaao, in a mote faiillMna 
and maaoahna way, em ia tiM introdacdoa of bb> 
(uitable and mimatroaa ornameat. But Cowley ia 
hardly iilatim iilid at all, and his hercay ia aot lo amch 
that of Marini u that of the Inflated proaaic riiiiih 
poet* of the (dan of Saint AmanL He Kiiei an idea, 
p^iaps leniible, perhapi prepoaterona, bat in no caae 
beautifol, he dothet thii Idea wiA illastration drtwn, 
not from external natsreor objecta of ai^ kind, Iml 
from the tnppoeid j^Moomena of the human siimL 
I think we can trace all thii pedantic ingenuity to 
the penonal training, and example of Dr. Henry Mere, 
who wat the great wade of English Platonitm at 
Cambridge dniiog Cowley't tcaidenoe thtt^ tod 
whoae cztnordinaiy volume of Fkilatopkuai £anu, 
pnbliihed in 164O1 may, I think, be coostantly fbond 
reflected in the lyiici of the yoat^cer poet. Andinco*- 
lidering why theae poenu of Cowley's woe popnlai. 



we watt dM fcfget to note that Ike pioK wiidnp of 
Mor^ and othen of hJi stamp, were grtaUy delightod 
in by the 17th ceBturj, and now entirel? oonad [' a 
huge mistake,' I again intercalate]. The tade Foi 
AcM ingomttia and paradoxical tam of tfacught 
oame like a dt*eue, and pSMod nntf. S« Cotrle}v 
who conSdend; b«lie*ed diat ttaie to come woqld 
admit him to haTc been "LoTe'a latt and griatat 
proiAet," and irtio wu quoted *i having mitten what 
ensphered the whole world of lore, i) now justly 
denied the tnunblesl place, among the erotic poeti. 
One pieoe alime [So there li 'one' after all — 
aee ' not odc' back a bit, I once mon intercalate] 
mnst be excepted in thii sweeping condemnation. 
The poem called Tlu With is ao simple, uncere and 
fresh, that we are disposed to wonder at findinj; to 
delicious a well tu such an arid deceit [' Well then t 
DOW do plainly see,' etc — given ooward}. The atoral 
pnrl^ of Cowley's muse in ao licentious a timet matt 
not pat* without pnuie, if only to rebut the foolith end 
fanatic lage of sucli critics at the Rev. Edmund Elyt,' 
who sought after his death to persuade the public la 
the contrary. Ai a matter of fact, Cowiey seldom 
forgot to write as became a gentleman ' (pp. 736/7). 

On the last point Dr. Johnson had before 
spoken \ — 

' One of the severe theologiant of that tim^ oeu- 
■ured him at having published a book ef frefiau and 
bacivimu vtrtti. From the charge of pro&neoett, 
die omitant tenot of hit lUfe, which teemi to have 
beew eminently viituou^ and the general tendency 
of hit opinions, which diacovet no iiieteieuce of 
rdigion, must defend him ; but that tbeaccnsatiou of 
laadvionmeas is unjust, the perusal of htt woikt will 
•ufficieitly evince ' (p, 39). 

Transatlantic criticism mast finally be 
briefiy eiemplified by William Cullen Bryanf s 
verdict on the Lov« Poems in North Atneri- 
am Review (as before) : — 

* The forty-four poemi included under the title of 
*■ The Mistreat " have little to recommend them !iave 
the ingettuity of which Cowper tpeaka. Their sub- 
ject is love, and they pwne the met^hon emplojed 
by poets to describe that passion, until they may be 
•aid to be &irly run down in the chate. There it 
much AiU shown in the exercise of art, and there it 
DO lack of learning, but there It no emotion. If all 

tt Kdniiikd EIvi 01 ZDb, mitlKir of 
t Podnt, i6;l Hli Drndatg [ml 
ut BO Apolofr f« Cowley'i Vino,' 
itTQ. See Wood-i Atba^ >.< 

Cowley't poetry had been indt, the neglect of wUch 
Pope tpoUct would have been fiilly deserved' (p. 375). 
It will not be denied that I have ftiroisbed 
tbc Readei amply with ererything that has 
been said or well could tutve been Said 
against the Love-Poems of Cowley. Ik 
limiiu I hold that they are not independent 
judgowDts. Dr. }ohnaon miut contradict 
Spnt; and so we have his laboured common- 
place*, and afte^critica down to the present 
day have echoed him. So tiiat I most re- 
iteiate, it is tradidonary criddtm, not the 
oatcome of personal and earnest study of the 
Poems. Then springing out of the latter 
element, throng the fortner, spite of Dames' 
alleged information, the real student of the 
Love Poems will discern genuine ^notion, 
real pasrionv and ' die language <rf the heart.' 
Of this more immediately. Even on the 
minimuui of 'one* lov« ('silent love' it 
seeinB it must be proBounoed), who that hu 
loved at all luiowa not that the whole gamia 
of passion m^ht be sounded, ay die tnore that 
it was but * one ' and once ? Further, the./^ 
Ur of ' love ' itself as in die Votl (as well as 
HI his poems) and his ' lady-love,' is strangely 
left out OT lAendeily rqiarded in respect of 
the ingenuities and playing and sporting 
with otnceits in these Love-Poems. Given 
'love' as a tiving passion 00 either dde, 
and much more if on both, and yon have 
the very fimHuUfue of ' conceits ' illmnined, 
almost eimobled. I saw the other night a 
great audimce hang spell-boond on the lips 
of a ' Preacher.' To me it was the emptiest 
poorest sentiinentalism oi sermonising that 
ever I have beet) doomed to hear. But 
the conudnable autUence was entranced and 
the laudadcm was maiveUous. How was this ? 
Not because die 'sermon' in itself was great 
or good, but because the man was loved 
'this side idolatry.' Those hearts yearned 
towards hira and glorified his tinklmg trivi- 
slities. Or take attother ilhutradon. Away 
in tbe Fylde Country ll^y I could scarcely 

dbyGoot^lc — 



make n^ my acroM to my ' desued haTCn * 
from the sweilmg of the stretm-bedi that ran 
up frotn the >ea inland. Ordiiuiilj they are 
poor, shallow, not over-odoroua mud dike* 
(in the Dutch meaning), but on this occaaioa 
the strong vast sea had rushed up and filled 
and flooded every noalleat inlet, bight, and 
creek, and so there was before me the 
grandeur and masterdom of the tided ocean 
where usually were only creeping stream 
and manhy lagoim. Exactly thus is it with 
Love in these Lovfrpoems of Cowley. You 
have over and over ingenuities, dexterities, 
absurdities if you will, but add accorded and 
responsive hearts in the Writer and Re- 
ceiver, and you have then, but not till then, 
the secret of the poUntiality of the Poemi 
primarily and as they were used to express 
the love-expeiiesces of the time and onward. 
Trifles (if you will trivialities), gracefully and 
graciously done, make up one-half of the sun- 
shine of love-life as of all lif& Still further, 
while I have granted that Addison's criti- 
cism of 'mixed wit' from his stand-point 
hits a blot as applied to a good many oi the 
metaphors of Uie Love-Poemi^ I cannot 
admit the distinction he seeks to make — 
fortified apparently only by the great name 
of Locke — between resemblances or contra- 
dictions in ideas and the same in words. 
Except in mere anagrams, acrostics, and so 
on (if even these lowest can be excluded), 
ideas cannot be sundered firom words or 
words fiom ideas, id at, it is the ideas in 
the words not the words of ideas, that 
are the substance of the wit whether 
true or mixed. Especially in reading 
Cowley is this to be insisted on. When 
be plays on words, it is with their soul 
and not their body ; he invariably pierces to 
the ' idea ' witbio the words. So that it is 
misdirected criticism (pa^ Addison) to allege 
even the examples selected from The Mistrtss 
as telling against the 'true wit' of Cowley. 
Finally and with my whole soul I pronounce 

it simile ^BMince of thcM Love Poena, 
and felly, to apply such phrases as my good 
friend Mr. Gosse has aUowed himself to do 
— ' unreadable . . . dry and tedious, with- 
out tenderness, without melancbtriy, without 
music . . . not one is remdable throaghoat ; 
not one is even ridiculous enough for quo- 
tation. All are simply dull, overloaded with 
ingenious prosaic fancy, and set to eccentric 
measures of the author's inventitMi, that bat 
serve to prove his metrical ineptitnde,' and 
' he is now justly denied the humblest place 
among the erotic poets.' In the old sense 
I respectfully 'give the lie' to all this un- 
critically ' sweeping condemnation.' Let 
the Reader accompany me as I turn to ' The 
Mistress,' and, unless I ^regiously mistake, 
he will very soon side with me against the 
not less ingrate and irrevercntial than (it 
must frankly out) stupidity of traditionary 
criticism. To begin with, Tht Miiirtu (as 
Bryant notified) was a tiny tome of <mly 
forty-four short poems ; and yet among these 
forty-four we have these twin-poems ' Against 
Hope ' and * For Hope,' — the text of the 
former of which I have taken (except the 
word 'Archer' for 'Anchor') from Crashaw's 
Poems (in which it first appeared) as pre- 
senting noticeable variations' : — 

' Hope, wboce »a>k bedng rnln'd i* 
Alike if it succeed, or if il misK 1 . 
Whom ill and good dolb equal!)' ooufooDd, 
And both the honet of Pue'a dilcMoa wend. 

Vain shadow ; thai don nniib qnke 

Both ax full noon and pofcct nicfat I 
The Manes have not a pouiblHlr 

Of blessing Ibee. 
If thinces then from their eikd we happr call, 
'TisHiqie is the mott bopelesM thing of aD. 

Hope, (hon bold taster of delight I 
Who inslcad of doing, deuourst il qnile. 
Thou txiogil n an estate jet leu'it *■ poor 
By cloggii^ it with legacies befbrft 

1 The Complete Worlu of Rickud Coihlw ii FaDw 
Wanhit.' Lihniry, i wU. 1(7* : voL i pp. ijj.j. Cmhaw'a 
Aivurer. u oawbd, pp. i7B.rSfr Set our procDt voL p^ i,^ 



Tbe iofo wUcii wc intln 

CtxDC ddooT'd-TirKliu to 
Good fcnooei wttbont lalii in 

Sndi mifhij ciutomi paid to Uwe. 
For k>T, like «lna kap'l clow, dotli betur tut ; 
It It tilK air baton, bar qririu wut. 

Hope, Fcrtnoe'i cheating lottoy, 
Where for one jaite, an hundred btauki there be; 
Pond AiTiber, Hope 1 who tok'it thine ainie w brr 
That ilill or abort or wide thine arrows are ; 

Thlnne empty dond whidi ifa' ey deoeinet 

With duipe* that our own bnc; glues. 
A dond which gill and painted now appearei 

But moat drop preaently in tesiei : 
When thy (alle bauoes oVe rea*on'( Ught pranill, 
By ignafatui tat Noitb atarres we sail. 

Brother of Pear, more gaily ctsd. 
The m err yer (bol o' th' two, yet quhe ai mad : 
Sire of RepentarKe, child of taeA deaire 
Thai blow'st the cfaynikk's and the loner'i lire. 

Still leading them inseiisfbly on 

Wth the (troDE whdicraft of ' aucMi.' 
By tbee the one does chongtog natme, through 

Her iiiiilli aan labyrlothi pnmie \ 
And th' ather eham womaii ; while she goes 
Hare wayei and turnea then honiad Nature kmwes.' 

• Hope, of an Itta that men mdgre; 
The only dteap and uninnal Cure I 
Thoti CaptlT'i Freedocne. and thou rick-Man's heahb I 
TboD Loser's Victnty, and Ihoa B^gar*! wealth I 

Thoa Manna, which frotn Heaven we eat, 

To CTcry tast a sererall Meat I 
Thoti Itttiag Retreat ! thou mie-entail'd Estate, 

Wbidi DODgfat has P ower to alienate I 
Than pleasant, boneil. Flatlerer ! for none 
Flatter unhappy Men, but than alone 1 

Hope, thou finl'Fmiti of Hap|rineaae 1 
Thou gentle Dawning of a bright Successe 1 
Thou good PreporatiTe, wllbout which our Joy 
Does woik too strong, and whilst it cures, destroy ; 

Who out of Fortune's reach doit stand. 

And art a blessing still in hand 1 
WUbt Tbee, her BartKBt-Uony we Main, 

We ecftaln are to gaine, 
Wbelber ibe her bargain break, or else fulSQ, 
Tbon only good, not worse fen ending ill I 

Brolho' of Faith, 'twlM whom and Thee 
The joyes of Heaven and Baith divided be 1 
Though Faith be Kcfre, and have the fiit ettale. 
Thy Portion yet In Movables is gmt 

HappiDeiae it leUe 'a all ona 

In TlMa, or in Poasessloa I 
Only the Fotwe '■ TUne, the PrsKnt Hi* I 

Thine 'a the nore hard aad noble Bttai : 

Best apprehender of our joyes, which baat 
So long a reach, and yet canst hold so bst I 

Hope, thou sad Lover's only Friend I 
Thou Way that may's! ditpule It with the End I 
For Love I ter 's a &uit that does delight 
The tast it sdfe leaw than the Soidl and sight 
FmitlMi more deeeiUull ia 
Then Thou canst be. when thou doM nine ; 
Hen leave tbee by obtaining, and ttiait See 

Some othtr way again to Tbee ; 
And that 's a pleasant Country, without doubt. 
To whidi all soooe retnme that iravaile out.' 

(Vd. I. p. iiS, cdL i/a.) 
Ax never to be dissociated from Cowley*! 
'Against Hope' and though fine, in part 
deep, ' Fc» Hope' is not displaced by it, I 
pause to introduce at this point Crashaw's 
answer : — 

H. Crashaw'i AnnKT^ Hopt. 
* E>ear Hope 1 Earth's dowry, and Heaon's debt t 
Tbe entity of things that are not yet 
Subtlest, but sweet beeing I thou by whom 
Out nothing bas a definition I 

Substantial shade I whose sweet allay 
BlsidsbotlithcnooneicifNi^t and Day; 
Fatca cannot find out a capacitj 

or huiting tbee. 
From thee thdr lean dilemma, with blunt bom, 
Sbrinkes, as the sick moon from the wholesome 

Ridi hope I Loue's I^acy, vnder lock 
Of Faith [ still spending, and still growing stock I 
Our CTOwn-Iand lyea about, jet eadi meal brings 
A seemly portion for the sonnes of Kii^. 
Nor will the virgin ioyes we wed 
Come lesse vnbrokeD to our bed. 
Because that from the biidall dieelc of Blime 
Thou steal 'at vi down a distant kiise. 
Hope's dust stealth batmes no more loje'% niaiden< 

Then spousal rites preiudgc the marriage bed. 
Fair hope I Our earlyer Hean'o I by tbee 
Voung Time is taster to Eternity : 
Thy generous wine with age growe* strong, not 

Nor does it hill tbj ftuit, to smell thy Sowre. 

Thy golden, growing bead neuer hangs down 
Till in the lappe of Lone's full ooone 

It falls ; and dyes I O no, it melts away 
As doth the dawne into th j Day : 

As Inmpes of sugar loose themsetuel, and twine 

Their subtile ewencc with the sool of wine. 



FomuM 7 akt, kbow the Woild'i l0« wanw 
Hope walhi; Mid tiAw the cwMhfdnrfcct pii i^ 

H«T ked cnta Mt the wuei « 

Fortnoe'i wbefa loMarj ii om bleak u her. 

Her ihefti Md Ae^ flf fane abooe. 

And Jbieec in the field* of Ufhl lad Idm. 
Sweet Hopet kiodcheetl furfdlaey I brOec 

We •!« not lAere nor what we be, 
B«t what end whete we would be. Thu ut tboa 
Ow ttbeoit piaence, end onr fntnrt now. 

FtUth'i twtec 1 vmm of Ur dedre I 
Fear't tuitidote ! a wIk and well-ttaT'd Gf« I 
Tonper "iwixt chin Dctpalr, and torrid lof t 
Queen i^ent in Tonge Lone'* minoritj t 

Tbongfa the *eit chymlck vainlj diaae* 

Hii fngitine gold thro^h all ba facea ; 
Thongh Looe'a more fetrce, moTc finitlcMe, Gret 

One hce vore fi«UiM thea all ther : 
True Hope'i a gloiiow hantreo^ and hv rtmi, 
The QoA. dL Nature in the fnU* of grace.' 

< It must be confessed,' tsft Dr. Johiucm, 
'of diese writera, th&t if the^ m upon 
common subjects often iinnnrrwsii1;i and 
uDpoetically subtle ; yet where scholastic 
speculation can be pr{q)erly admitted, their 
copiousness and acuteness may jusUy be 
admired. What Cowley has written upon 
Hope shows an unequalled fertility of inven- 
tion '(p. 33.) 

Exquisite, and rendering thongh they do 
fatuous, the 'sweeping condemnation' re- 
counted, the poems of Hope are very far from 
standing alone. Let the Reader say whether 
there be ' no emolioD, no tenderness * in this 

' Lore In her tanay Eytt ioe» buUng play; 
Love walki Ifae (deatant Maiei of ba Haln ; 
Love does on both her Up) for ever nra; ; 
And lowi and reapa a thouund K.lue* Ihoe. 
In all fas' outward parti Love'i alwaies leen ; 

But, oh, he never went wllhin. 
Within Love'i foes, Ui erealot foei abide. 

Malice, Inconflancf and Pride. 
So ibe Earth* face, Trees, Herbs, and Flow'n do 

With other beandes numberlesse ; 
Bat ax the Center, Darktwsse is, and Hell ; 
Tbeir wicked Sptrin, and ibare the Damned dweU 

W(h me, aka, qoiia eoattary H tecs : 
Darkneaie aad I^ath Uea In my iwiy tec ryei. 
Itapalr and tUeaner in my hcB Bppeaia. 
And Qrief and Fmr, Low's gnauM ■ : 

Kit, like the Peirian Trmm. Love wMita 

Keeps hli prend Coon, and na'K 1* Men, 
Oh take my Heart, and by that meani yoal ptore 

Within too (toT'd «augh of Love : 
die me but Voor's, He liy that dunge so thrive. 

Thai Love in aU my parts iball live. 
So poweifua is dill cfaancE. It leoder can 
Uj outskle Woowi, and your loude Man.' 

(VOL I. p. 107. coL 1. 1 
Then place betide that, 

Ctadailim WJUU. 

• FUieel thInK thai thloea below. 
Why ia this rabe dost thon a(9«ar r 
WouMsl Ihoaa while most pcsleci dnw, 
Thoa most at all no ganMot vaar : 
Thoa vrilt seem Much «4ilter ao, 

Than Winter when 'tis clad with Snow. 

Tit not the LtaiMa Ann so fcke : 

HeriUnna ihtom HwM^ otd B^MS h bright ; 

So Clouds tbemartrea Vke Smt* appsar, 

Wtm the Snn phroBS tiNai with Ughl ; 

So LfWes In a glaa* faMioaa, 

The Chsae will mm a* white aa Ihoae. 

Thoa now eoe heap of beamy art ; 

Nou^l outwards, or within b fools : 

Condensed beams make every part : 

Tby Body's efoaibed Qke thy uale. 

Thy Bonle, which doei h selfe disfriay. 

Like a Harre plac'd i' th' Mltkj way. 

Sach robes tlm Salnu departod wear. 

Woven all wUh Light divine; 

Socb their anlled Bodtaa ar*k 

Aad with tueh hA glory sUa* 

Bm oh they 'tend bo( mortals' IWn ; 

Men p(ay, 1 foar, to both In vahia. 

Vel aeeingthee lo gmdy pure. 

My hcfMa will needs ooatiaoe still ; 

Thoa wouldst not take this Garment tore. 

When thou hadst an Ititeiil to kllL 

Of Peace and jecldiiig who would doubt, 

Wbeo the Wbiie Flag he Me^hongoai'' 

{lUd. p. 107, ooL i/a.| 

. Equally dainty is the opening of 
Ujt Hmrt iixaoini. 

• Her body It so gently bright. 

(Clear as &tr Christall to the vtew. 
Yet soft as that, en Sloite It grew ;) 
That ihnmgh ha fleah, methinks. is ten 
The farigbtcr Socde that dwela whhhi ; 



Our ^H throDsli lb' imiBM* eONTlng pMM, 
And we thai UOf ihrDdgb tl* GiuHb 
I throagb ber Bnan, bcr Hmr cq7, 
Ai Sootaln beMM do Sooka il«*HT. 
I ue'l with g«Mk UodoDi bW ; 
t lee Ught Id'i, bnl find no beu. 
WtUiin, IOr ATis«k h the Skj. 
A tbonsutd gilded thongfati do fly.' 

(Vtri. I. p. 107, ooL a.) 

Kindred with these is 'The Vain Love'; 
and wtioso doubts of the reality of Cowley's 
lovc-experience, let him dwell on line after 
line, and especially these htmitig lines : — 
Tkt Vain Lavt. 
• It &r'd wfth ate, fait t Oxn 
In Ttiumpfa led. thai does pensdve 
With what B gaj Majestld pride 
His Conqueror thrmgh tbe street* doa lide. 
Sboald be contented with hU woe, 
Whicb maka up such a etaiKtj show. 
I looght aol From thee a retume, 
Bnl wilboul Hopes or Fean did bum ; 
My coretoui Pauloii did apptove 
Tbe Hoocding up. not U«e of Love. 
i^ Lav •> kindofDnam laasgrvmit, 
A Footisk.hilaPUaianioiu: 
Pnm wkici rmt wakiKtd nam, tut, of, 
Pritattrs to ify art nyhmrd w. 
For now my Firta and Wisboa an 
Nothing, but Longings wllh Deipair. 
Dafar, lataw T'onaeutr no sua aw 
0K/ Lntn »nd Ik* Dawm'd. mdmrt.' 

{MA p. 100, ooL a. n. 19-3/6.) 

Next I note 'The Wish,' which ercn Mr. 
Gosse recognises as of the finest, though 
without rcvisiog his eailier 'not one': — 

TU Wiii. 
' Well then ; I now do platnljr lee, 

This borie worid and I iball nere agiee ; 
The raj houej of all earthly joy 
Does of all meau iha aooDcat ckir. 

And they, metluBk*, llMu lU lay pity. 
Who (or it ean oidwe tb« stlaga, 
Tbe Croud, and Bui, and MraMuriiea 
or (U* gnu Kh>«. tbe Qty. 

Ab, yet, eie I descend to th' grave. 
Hay I a MwU Hoon aikd larg" Gardan hwra 1 
And a few Frla&di, aad many Book* ; both tRie. 

Both win, and bo^ deUablfnll too I 

And liDce Lor* Boa' wil from me Btit, 

Ob, Founu I Ob when in yon shall I 
My aelie, eu'd of nnpaoAd thoagfats, tapj ? 
CAFleldsl Oh Woods I wben, whea tfaaU I be made 

Tbe happy Tenant of your shade ? 

Here's the iprlngJiead of tVatanT* Inod ; 
Where all the Riches lye, that the 

Has coln'd and stampt for good. 

Pride and Ambidon hem, 
Onely tn br-fetcht Metaphors >pps>r ; 
Hire nou^t but winds canhurtFuIl Murmurs scatter. 

And non^l but eccho flatter. 

The Godi, when tfaey descended, hitha 
From heavea, cfid alwales lAaae tbeta way ; 
And tbocfore we may boldly aay. 

That 'lis the way too thlihcr. 

How happy here should I, 
And one dear She, U«e, and smbradiv, dye 1 
She who 1) all the world, and out exchida 

In desarti, solitude. 

I shonid baTe then this only fear, 
Lest men, when they my pleasniei «b», 
Should all come Im'itate Mee 

And BO make a City here. ' 

(Vol I. pp. iio-iT. coL a.) 

I am sore Charles Lau b ' spotted ' the 
gracious fooling of ' My Diet,' and of ' The 

' Kow by my Lore, the greatest Oath tbax Is, 
None lores you halie so wdl as I : 
I do not ask your Love lor this : 
But for heaven's sake beliore me, or I dy. 

No Scrrant ae, bat did deserve 
His Master should believe that ho does serve : 
And I'le ask no more wages, though I sicrve, 

Tb no huuTJoiis Diet this, and sure 

I shall not by 't too lusty prove ; 

Yet sh^ It wiUinKly endure. 
If 't can bat ke^ together UfE and Lo*«^ 

Being your Priioiier and yoiir tiavv, 

I do not Feasts and BuiqaBis look to have, 
A little Bread and Watci's all I crave. 

On a sigh of Pity I a yea can live. 
One Tear will keep me twenty at least, 
Fifty B gentle look win give ; 
An hundred years on otke kind word lie fean : 

A thousand more will added be. 
If you an Inclination have Ibr Mee ; 
And «U beyond Is vast EteniHy.' 

{/Hd. p. lit, col. I.) 
' Tbon lob'M say Dales of bus*DesBe and drfghU. 
Ofskepihoarob'st my Nights; 



Ab. L<nr^TUafB.wbUw!htliCNIil«? 

Wbair Robmeof KcavcnwoP 

Tbou, erea 07 pnyoi tbon lnwBWeit Be ; 

And I. whh wUd IdotaliT, 
Bagtn, 10 O04 BBd cod tbem all, to Thos. 
b ii « Slone to Lore, that ti iboald that, 

Wfaat era I do. where ere 1 fo, 
(None OoUdeMe we ww hwintBd w) 
StUl, Kin, — **>'*"fc* thf fuz I liew. 
And niU thjF ih^M doei nw panDS, 
Ai tf, not jou Mee, bat I bad raimbered Yon. 
Fran booki I ltri*e aome renwdr 10 lake, 
But tbf Name all the LetlMV make l 
Wlwt oe 'Ui writ, I Sod that there, 
Uke Poinu and Comma'a every whoc. 
Me bleM Ibr thb let no man bold : 
Far I, al Mldai did oftdd, 
Pcrtib bjr tnnliy evetr thliv to Oold. 
What do I iMk. alaa, orwhr do I 
Alteoipt in vain from thee to fly ; 
Prom making tbce my Ddtle, 
I |a*e Ibee then Ubfquilte. 
Mr Fidiu leKmble KeU in tbii ; 
lie divine prewnce tba« loo ii, 
But to lonneut Men, not 10 glire tbcm bUMe.' 

[VoL I. p. Til, oA, ti*.) 
' No emotion, no tenderness,' forsooth t 
What have we here in ' The Injoyment,' with 
its Elizabethan-dramatic touches, t.g. : — 

Tit In j cf mn t. 
• Tben ilka khdc wcahhy Itland diou shah lye : 
And like the Sot abont It. I ;.' 

■ m UMe Thee thraagfa, 111 Usae thy nry Soule.' 

{iHi. p. 119. coL 1/*.) 
Quaint and soft is 'Sleep': — 
' In lalti, tbon dronsy Ood, I thee fnr^e ; 
For tbou. who doit from furnca aiiie, 
Tbou. who Man'i Soule doH over-diade 
With ■. thick Qoad, by Vapouri mads, 
Cantt hare no Power to shut hli eyes, 

Or passage of bii Sfn'riU 10 chook, 
Wboae Flain 's ao pure, that it sends up no smoak. 
Yet bow da Tnrs but from some Vapotvs ilse? 
Tean, that bewtnler all my Year f 
Hw Fate of Agypl I mstaia. 
And ners feel the dew of Rain, 
FTom Clonds within the Head appear. 
But all my too much Moynnre owe. 
To owri luwl ms of the flean below. 

Than neret more shah tbon be 'inroakt by lac ; 
Waldihl at Spblu, and Godi lie pttm : 
Let bB- but (rant, and then win I, 
Tbee and thy Kbuman Dcmth dtfic 

For betwtct Thee and then tbat kne, 
Nerar triD aa agre em ent be : 

Tbon eoMn'M th' Uahqipy ; and the HapfiyTbee.' 
(VoL L pfi. ii^'S), coL a.\ 

Passionate and tnie is 

ImUi^ «■> oir' Jiietiatiiif with ku Miitrit, 
• Tbcne fall two Howcn now bare I culac ben : 

What eomfbn by it can I gain 7 
To h>ok OD Hearea wtib mighty Gulfes bLlwuLU 
Wa* the great Miser's gTEateH pain ; 
So near wm be to Heaven's Delight, 
As with the bletl converse be might. 
Vet conld ikot get one drop ot water by'L 

Ah Wtetdi : I seem to loocb her now ; tnl. ob. 
What boundlene space* do ni part ? 

Portnite. and Friends, and all Earth's empty show, 
My Lownesse, and bei high Deacn : 

But these mlgtrt oonquerable prove : 

Nolhinf does me to fiure remove. 

As her hard Sonle'i arentoi from my Love. 

So Tiavrilen thai toae thdr way by N^t 

If from ataire they chance t' espy 
Tb' micenain (tlmmerli^ of a Tapo's Ught, 

Take flattering hopes, and tUnk it uich ; 

"mi weBried with the frnltleM pain, 

Tbey (it tbem down, and waep Id vain. 
And there in Darfcnesse and Deqafr remain.' 

{lUd. p, lao. c, a.) 

Almost fit companion for 'The Chionide' 
itself is 

Tkt Ineoiutant. 
• I never yet eonld see that face 
Which bad no dart for mee : 
From Gfteene yeates, to fiftla'j spaoe. 
They all victocioiis bee. 
Lore, Ikon rt a DeviU ; if I may oall tbee One ; 
For sure in Mee thy name is Legion. 

Coloiir, or Shape, good Lfanbea, or Face, 

Goodnesse, or Wit in all I 6nde : 

la Motion or In Speech a grace, 

If an Ule, yet 'tis Woonnklnd ; 

Andl'mesoweake, the Pi*toII need eol bee 

DonUe, or treble diarg'd, to nortbtr Mee. 



If lUI, the Name of Proper ikp ; 

If blre, ibee '■ plcawnl as the Ught ; 
If Low, bs Plcttinene does please ; 
If Black, wbal Lonr Iotm not Nifhi? 
If jellow-bair'd. 1 Lore. lest 11 ihouid beo 
Th' etctwe to othen to not lo*lns M««k 

Tie Fat, like Plentj, Glli mj beait ; 

The Leane, with Lore makes me too so. 
If Straight, ho- Bodie'i Ci^d's Dart 
To mee : If CnxAed, 'tis his Bow. 
Nay, Age It selfe does me to lage *"•'*'", 
And stm^th to Women gi*M, at wd as >Mdb. 
Josl halfe as large as Chailtte 

My rjchly-biaded Love's become ; 
And }ndg'd aright la Cooitancy, 
Thcngh It take up a larger roomer 
Him, who lores alwalea ooa, why dionld tbay call 
More oonnaitt, itienibeMaaloTcs Alwaiet AH? 
Tbm wltb OQweaTied wing* I flee 

Through all Lore's Gardens and bit Flddl ; 
And, like the wbe indutiioos Bee, 
No Weed, but Honey to ma yidds ) 
HmM7 still spent this dll'igenoe still snppUat, 
llati^ I leinm not home witfa laden lU^kes. 
Ill Soul at IbM Indeed did prove 

Of prety Strength against a Dan, 
Tm I tills Habit got of Love ; 
But my consum'd and watted Heart, 
Once burnt to Tinder with a strong Dedre, 
SbMCtliat by every Spark is set oo Rre.' 

(Vol I. pp. IBS/S.) 

If ever love-autobiographj waa written we 
have it id 

Leave, wretched Cowley, leave 
Tliy tdfs with sbMlowes to daceavB ; 
TblBk tfaai abeady loM wfaldi iboo most e 


ftMotve IhM m It, and by force or art 

Free thy imliicky Heart ; 

Stoce Fate does disapprove 

Th' amUtkn of thy Lore, 
And not ooe Starre in Henv'n odera to take thy part 
If «e I dean n? Heart bom this deifrch 

ir«n it hooM to "Us bresi raHra, 

It ne^ sfaall wander more about, 

Tito' tbootand bcMlles call'd It oU : 
A Lover Bnmt like nee lor ever dread* the An. 

Tbe Pox, the Phgns, and ev'ry bmH dlteaSi, 
Hay come as oft as ill Fate please, 
Bat Deatli and Lore aie nercr foimd 
To give a second Wonnd ; 

Wee'n by tboM Serpents bit, bat wee'n deronr'd by 


(VoL 1- V- ijaj coL i/b.) 
Thiu fer I have advisedly limited my- 
self to entire oi neaily entire poems, to 
guard myself against suspicion of dealing 
un&irly with the critics and their * not one 
is readable throughout j not one is even 
ridiculous enough for quotation.' I affirm 
contrariwise 'not one' but is eminently 
'readable,' and not one, save in merest 
bits, is ' ridiculous.' But if we return on 
' The Mistress,' stanzas, couplets, lines, hal^ 
lines flash upon us, and still further show 
the outrageousness of the traditionaiy criti- 
cism of these Love Poems. 

I can only bring together a very few of 
the jewels that offer themselves on lightest 
raising of the lid of this consummate caskeL 

' Strike deepe tfay burning anowes in : 

Lukewarmoesse I account a slone, 
As great In Love, as in Itsliglon, 

Come anu'd with flames, ior I will prove 
AH the extremities of mighty Loie.' 

(/», p. lOJ.) 
a. Loeit emtUy. 
' Bdt qnlckly to my Cost I ftmnd, 
TWbs meQ Love, oot Death, had made the wovnd : 

Death a more gat'rcmi rage doth use ; 
Quarter to all he conquers does refuse. 
Whltit Love with baibarous mercy saret 
The tanquisht lives, to make then ilavte.' 

('* p. »4-) 

3. lavt^t^UmtHt. 

' The fiiireti Flowers could please noe more, neare you 

Than painted flowers, set next to them, could doe.' 

(a. p. los.) 

4. Lntaadl^ 

' Not thai Love's Howcn or Mbmtet are 

Sbortar ibtt ttaoae onr Beii«'t mceMv'd by 1 





Aad W ll iMMT HMH do Ir. 

TldHi wlU ulN op IMk FlMfc' 

(V«L L p. III.) 

(». p. IIS.) 
& Owl 
■ Vttietr 1 Hk not ; iha me Om 
To Iha ptrpcnally upon. 
Tba penon LoT« doM to ni Bt, 
UkA Minflij hu the lute of all In It,' 

(A p. Kit 
7. LBviiikaft. 
• ShB bciiif «o higli, ud I ■> low, 
Her powa bf thli doet gr«Mv ibow, 
Wbo U ndt dlnuae gives lo nra ■ blow.' 

(rt. p. it«.) 
■; PtuHtm. 
' Ktiqi nOl tb; dUttiwc : to at onoe to m« 
Ooddetie and Wonui too, Ibon cunt not be.' 
(/I. p. 1*4.) 

9. LtmiV- 
'TeacfameloLoTc? fo teach tbjNlf more witl; 
I cblef PrafsMor an of ft. 
Teadi Oaft to Scot*, and TMlt to Jeva, 
Teach Btddnaw to the Sinri ; 
In Tyirau' Coottt leacfa lopple FtatteiT : 
Teacb SopblMen and Jenitet to Irs. 

Teach fin to burn, and wlodt 10 blow, 

Teach ratleiie founulni bow to flow, 

Taacfa the dnD earth, fin to aUde, 

Teach Women-Uad TnooaKaiicr •■hI PMb. 

See If jrom' dUJgaace here wUl tuefoll pmte ; 

Bat, ndtbcT, leacb not me to Love,' 

(/». p. 115. J 
la. Farhddtm. 
' From FanuUn ibot for emtooK, 
What good It 't th»t an Angel >hnt the Door ? ' 

(/#. p. u6.) 

' You cannot kill mj ton with toot dlidein, 
Wound It joti may, and make It live In pain.' 
in. p. las.) 
la. Zovt iii men rrward. 
• Althon^ I think ibon nerei found wDt be. 
Vet I'me reiolT'd to aearch fat tbee ; 
The uarch it idfe rewudi the Pain^ 
So, though tbe Cbfrnkk hb great leaet mi«e, 
(For odtber It In Art nor Nature ii) 

Yet tliwgs well worth hli lojte be gaini : 

And doea bh Cfaarga and Laboor par 
Wkb good Daao^fai «]9«lmeau tar the war.' > 

"nwdorrti^tb— wMiao—AaH. 

Is bot a haifaaraoi lUn : 

Ik nke the poyt'ntag of a Dut 

Too apt before to kDL' 

14. S^Ttitm. 
' Not Oat mj Love win fly «war, 
Bui Kin condaoe, ai tbeir mr, 
9*4 tronblpd Gbotu aboat tbeir Qrani &» tt 

' I would not, lihTtiaTid*^ ^^". 
In teonUeg heati nhmji to Uve deAe, 
Bw, like a iUityr, paM 10 Hcav'a tfaroqfa Fbc' 
(«. p i>9.> 

And all this u from a tiny volanie of finty- 
fouT ahott poeea. Voilj that must indeed 
be a meagre collection ot our Love Venea 
that does not fietch manj' and many a pat- 
■ionate and muucal contributioa from ' The 
Mistresi.' Then to give the frntOut to dte 
QOnsenK of Cowley beiag 'now justly denied 
the humblest place among the erotic poets,' 
there remains among his Lore Poems the 
incomparable 'Chronicle,' over which the 
Moralist himself kindle* into enthusiasm, as 

■The "Chronicle" baoomfXKltionDiiimlledBiid 
alone; mdi gaiety of fancy, ichhcilily of eg p ic «M oti, 

and nich a danoe of word^ it u i 
except from Cowley. His ttrength always ^pean in 
his igitity ; hii vc^atillty is not the Batter of a Hghi, 
bat the bound of an dastic mind. His levity nerer 
leavei his learning baUod it j the motalitt, the pcU- 
tidan, and the oitic mingle thcii InBneace ev«n in 
this tirj frolic of gaiin& To each a petfaimaace 
Suckling coold have broi^ the gaiety, but not the 
knowledge ; Diyden coold have eap^ied tbe know- 
ledge but not the gaiety.' (■ Lives, 'm before, p. 36.) 

I Good old SrItichDd B«k«' ia bb Cus VhI^im (i^S> 
' Who tb* PhOoaopho'i uaoa, M «i*b^ ■«>T : 



Here it ia, and may its «un«hine scatter 
the mists wberewitb traditionary criticism 
wouU becloud the Love Poems of Cowley 1 — 

Tit Cimitli, a Ballad. 


Uartha toon dl 


ItaaatMa* CufaaiiiM g>n plMB, 
(Though loth uid tDgcj iha to pMI 
With tbe poueulon of atj Heait) 

To Ellai'i oonqu'riDK bot, 

EUm 'tin tUi Hour migbt lalgn. 
Had ibe Dot Bril Conudi la'iie. 

ABdHmn - 

And cut mmj twr fdk^ 

MvTtlm >imI smile Ann 

Both to idgD u once bcpui ; 
Altaii>tel7 the; ■way'd. 
And lometlBM I1IM7 «u the Fair, 
And toaetime* Ann ihaOowndldwe 
And loinetlnici Both I 'iiliiijiil 

Anotbv Huy then aitMB. 

And did ligotoiii Laws fanpoas. 
A mlghtf Tfrant ibet 

Tvai then a tolden Time with nee. 

But looii tfaoM pletuures Sed, 
Per tbe gndom Pitecen dj^d 
In tier Youth and BeatNi^i prida, 

And Jndlth idpMd bi ba ttad. 

Oae M«Mb. tbtM Dar* aul baH u HoBT 
JodUh bdd the Somlgn n^ww. 
WoodroDi bcBDtirul ber FaMk 

But M weak and nnall ber \m. 

Tbai |«*am wm anfli, 

And aoSaMnna look her ptaoft 

But when labdla came 

Am'd with a inalirliiw flam^ 
And tb' Anillerr of ber Sjt. ■ 

WUbt die pnmdlr maicht abou 

She beat tuMSoMn bjr ibe B^. 

BtR in ber [dace I tben obej'd 

BlB<^-«r'd Baaae ha ^no&rcr Uaid, 
To wh<Mn enra'd a Vacaner, 

Qcnile HemMta than 

And a third Utrj nan becan, 
Tben Jone, andjane^ and Aodria. 

And tben aoothd Kathaifne, 
And then a brng Et cMen. 

Bniibould I now to jaa relate 

The >ttength and rkhei of their state, 
He Powder, Patdwa, and tbe Pfaw, 

Tbe tUbbaoi, Jeweli, and the Rinp, 

The Lacak the Paint, and warlike thingt 
That makei^ all tbdr Uagadni; 

If I iboold leD the politick Aitj 
To take and keep in 

S(U I wtD briiAr witb tbem be, 


, Flrit *■ tb" Name, 
Whom God grant kwf to tviga.' 
, (Vol L pp. i«^) 

In toit, regarding the poems of ' The Mis- 
tress' as Ae expression of real e]q>eTiences, 
and as having been actually sent to the 
object (or objectl) of the Poet's passion, we 
must never fo^;et how the mutual affection 
would ' glorify' the most trivial conceit, and 
give significance to die most (apparency) 
^T'/etdied alluBiona. It is indeed very much 
with the Love-Poems as with our Hymna 
The great majority o( these, as poetry, even 
as veiw, do not range high ; ^mt the devgtioii 
of praise in the Sanctuary l|indles the dim 
into splendour, and so-to^y tiansu^utes 
otherwise not lofty thotighf into woRfhip. 
I am quite sure of this tb|t similarly the 



poems of ' The Mistren ' woo and retained 
ibni popularity from feeling and ascoctatioa 
In the Note before ' The Miatress,' I pro- 
mise to notice the variout rmdi'ngj as dis- 
tinguished from our adopted texL I do not 
deem it necessaiy to be as full and detailed 
in these as with ' Poetical Blossomes,' but a 
few typical exam[des may intereiL In the 
lines ' WritttH m Juyet ef Umon^ at 8, 1. 4, 
the after-text haa 'or' for 'and'; in 'Ineoit- 
stanty, L 9, ' more' for ' most '; in ^IttUoHtck 
Lcv*i St. I, L 4, ' And closely as our Minds 
together join ' for 'And both our Wholes into 
one Whole combine'; in ' Cladallin White' 
*<■ 4) !• Si for ' But oh they 'tend not mortals 
Pain' reads 'But they regard not mortals 
Pain'; in *My Atari Jutmtrtd,' L 7, for 
' Our Eyes through th' radiant covering passe ' 
has ' Our eyes the subtile Covtring pass '; in 
' FamJove,' L 53, ' For now my Fires and 
Wishes are ' changed to ' For now th' Effects 
of Loving are '; in ' 7X« Sat/,' st 1, I. 18, 
for 'appear' oddly reads 'approach'; In 
' The Wish,' sL 3, L r, for ' Oh FounU t oh 
when in you shall I ' reads ' Oh, Fountains 
when in you shall I,' and, at. 5, for ' Should 
all come imiute Mee ' readq ' Should hither 
throng to live like me '; in ■ The Thiefe,' at 
ii 1- S> 'Thou, even my prayeis thou bauntest 
me'is'dost steal from me'; in 'Love and 
Life,' St 4, 1. I, 'course' is changed to 
'Journey/ and, 1. i, * walks' to 'treads'; in 
< The Baifiain,' sL 6, L 5, 'Yet lest the weight 
be counted bad ' is ' And that full weight too 
may be bad'; in the 'Prophet,' st i, I 2, 
for ' PiofcEsor ' reads ' Possessor,* and, I 6, 
for 'Teach Sophisters and Jesuites to lye' 
read ' Teich/esu^ that have travell'd far to 
lye,' and, in st a, 1. 8, ' Tears which shall 
understand, and speak' is decidedly improved 
into 'Words that weep and Tears that speak'; 
in ' The Welcome,' st 3, L i, the 'not' is 
absurdly dropped, and, in st. 5, 1. 6, for 
'shut' reads 'kept'; in 'Frailty,' st 3 is 
omitted; in 'The Injoyment,' st 4, L 5, 

far ' Creej^ beneath the Aege«i Sea' reads 
' Creeping so far beneath the sea.' These 
must suffice. The orthography and some 
grammatical forms are changed Butthroogb- 
out the text of 1647 vindicates itself with 
<mly (mtf jtuHdt) the one exception named 

IIL ThkPihdakicOoksahd 'Davidkis.' 
It would seem that in literature as in life, a 
mistake brings down on the maker of it tbat 
penalty which would seem only to be (reuoo- 
ablyandrighteously)aimexedtocrime. These 
can now be litde controversy over the questioD 
whether it were or were not a >ni?(:akp in 
Cowley running his 'thoughts that breathe 
and words that bum' into the fantastic mould 
—if things ao formless may be so described 
— of his Pindaric Odea. His most ardent 
admirers — and I am old-fashioned enough 
to avouch myself one — have almost nothing 
to say in defence of their form, silently 
acquiescing in Pope's 'forgot his Efnc, nay 
Pindaric Art' But in the knowledge that 
these (so«alled) Pindaric Odes bear a very 
slight proportion to the quantity (apart &om 
quality) <tf his Poems, it seems hard that 
their faults and failures should be imported 
into the final estimate of his genius as thouf^ 
they made up the bulk of bis writii^s. Two 
things have combined to this result {a) 
That, as so frequently, these Pindaric Ode^ 
in what was worst of them, became a mali> 
ficent font in our literature that has not 
spent itself as witness most of the Odea of 
Gray and Comokivx and even Collins 
earlitf and of Tennyson and Lowell later : 
{b) That the Poet himself by a strange pu^ 
deafness was willing to be judged as a Poet 
by these Pindaric Odes, while contemporaries 
were ■ taken ' by their high-sounding words, 
and so set to music their irreguUrities, that 
they caught a certain grandness (I prefer the 
won! to grandeur) and all at the cost of his 
betto- worit As a PoM the £sme of Conley 



has lost not gained by his Pindaric Odes. 
Their own faults and the exaggeration of 
these in his many miserable imitators have 
bulked out before your ' sweeping ' critic, and 
oreiBhadowed not only what of enduring there 
is in them, but the enduring of all his Poems. 
I find even a comparatively well-read man of 
to-day innocent of real knowledge of Cowley, 
but sufficiently prejudiced against him by 
a vague impression about his Pindaric Odes 
to make his Works ' sealed' Your genuine 
student knows differently. He laments that 
ever his beloved Poet was seduced into these 
pseudo-Piadai imitations, but he approaches 
even Uiem sympathetically and not at all as 
'a superior person,' and he remembers hia 
wealth of thought and imagination, feeling 
and melody and memorableness, outside of 

Of the Pindaric Odes Sfrat gives this 
acconnt: — 

' The ocMuon of kU blling oa the Fiodaiic w^j of 
writmg, «u his ■'•"'<'^t»' mccdi^ with Pmdi^t 
Wo[k«, in • place, where he had no other Books to 
direct him. HkTiiig then coniidered at lelmie the 
height of hii Invention, and the Majeitj of hii Style, 
he Iry'd immediatelj to imitate il in Engliik. And 
he pcrform'd it without the danger that Haraet 
preag'd to the man who should date to attempt it 

* If any aie displeas'd at the botdaeu of his If eta- 
phon, and length of hia Digresiion, they oontend not 
against Mr. CnutQi, but Pindar himself ; who was 
•o much rererenc'd by all Antlqaicy, that the place 
of )a» Bitth was preseiVd h Sacred, when his Native 
City was twice destroyed by the Fuiy of two Con< 
qaerours. If the iir^nlaiity of the number dii^ust 
them, they may obecrve that this vcty thing maltea 
. that ktod of Foesie fit for all mannei of sobjecu : 
For the Pleasant, the Grave, the Amorous, the 
Heroic^ the Pluloeophical, the Moral, the Divine. 
Betide* this they wiU find, that the frequent alteration 
of the Rhythm and Feet, aftcts the mind with a 
more varioos delight, while it ii soon apt to be tyr'd 
by the setled pace of any one conatant measure. But 
t^ for which I think this ineqtMlitr of number is 
diicfly to be prefen'd, it Its nearer afButy with Prote; 
From which all other kiadt of EngHih Vene are so 
ftr distant, that it is veir seldom Icnmd that the same 
man excels in both ways. But now this loose and 

Bnconlin'd memsure has all the Grace and Harmony 
of the most coofin'd. And withal, it is to laige and 
free, that the practice of it will only exalt, not cornipl 
OUT Prose ; which is certainly the most useM kind of 
Writing of all otbert : for it is the style of all busineu 
and convenalion.' 

Coming a^er Sprat Dr. Jobhsok is much 
more elaborate and ' weighty,' as thus : — 

' The Pindatique Odes are now to be considered ; 
a spedei of composition which Cowley thinks Pan- 
cirolos might have connted in hit litl tf tht htt 
iitvmti^iu of antiquity, and which he has made a 
bold and vigotimt attempt to recover, 

' The purpose with which he has paraphrased aa 
Olympic and Nemcan Ode is by himself sufGciently 
explained. His endeaTonr was, not to show/fwuf^ 
■nkttt Pmdar ^tkt, but kit [way and] maniur tf 
tptaimg. He was therefore aot at all restrained to 
his expressions, nor much to his sentimeDtt ; nothiog 
was required of him, bat not to write as Pindar woold 

' Of the Olympic Ode the beginning is, I think, 
above the original in el^ance, and the coDchuion 
bdow it in strength. The coimection Is supplied 
with great perspicuity, and the thooghts, whidi to a 
reader of lest skill teem thrown tc^ether by chance, 
are concatenated without any abruption. Though 
the English ode cannot be called a trantlation, it may 
be very propetly consulted as a commentary. 

'The spirit of Pindar is indeed not everywhet* 
equally preserved. Hie following pretty lines are 
not inch as hit 4^ MMvel was used to pour : 
tf In Olympus' top where tbon 
Silt'tt to behold thy sacred show, 
If In Alpbeos' sUrer flight, 
If In my nne thou dost dellgfal, 
Hy verse, O Rhea's son, which is 
Lofty as that, and smooth aa this." 

Cowuv : and Olympiq^ Oit. 
'In the Nemxan ode the reader miut, in mere 
Jttstice to Pindar, observe that whatever is said of 
tMt original mad bwm, ktr ttndtr farthtad and htr 
lUnu, it superadded by his par^ihrait, irtio hat 
Bsanj other plays of words and &ney unsuitable to 
the original, aa, 

" The tatde wbtch It free for every guest. 

No doubt win thee admit, 
And bast more upon thee, than tbon on iL" 

CowLBV ; Hi Ntm»M Odt. 
' He sometime* extends his audior's thoughts with- 
out improving them. In the Olympiomc an oath I* 
mentioned in a tia^ word, and Cowley spends three 



ham !b iwcarlaK b; the CailalUn Sttmm. We an 
told of Tberao'i boontjp, with • Uat that he had 
mcmiea, which Cowley thu okips in ifafgainf 

" But In thb ih«nH«w worid the glTo* 
An cariad nrm by the raeelren ; 
Tti DOW iba cheap sod frii|al fMbloa 
RaihCT to hide tban par the obliffaloa ; 

CowuT : omf 01. Odi. 

' It li hud to Goncrfve that a mm of the fini lank 
In learalng and wit, when he wai dealing o«t «iidi 
mlnnte morality in nch feeble diction, could ima^e, 
dthcr waking or dnandn^ that he iinilated PindaT' 

' In the ftdlowiog ode*, whae Coiriey Aooeei hit 
own ml^Bcti, he lontet ln iea riiai to dignity Inly 
Flndatic; and. If Hme defideociM of langwv* ^ 
fergiven, UittrataiiaM Hdtaadioaeof tbe Tbefaan 
bard were to hit contemponriei t 
' ' Begin the hmii, and itrlke tbe ilving lyre : 

Lo bow ibe yean V> oome. a numeronl and weU-Gtted 

All hand to hand do deoently adtance, 

And to my long with amootb and eqnal mea tu re a 

While the danot latti. bow long loe'et tt be, 

Till aU fBOtle noua bs Aown'd 

Is tbe ktt tnimpel'a dreadful Mund." 

Cowlbt: TiU Stnartetita. 

'After rach enthniiann, who will not lament to 
find the poet eooclade with Unea like thew?— 
"Stop, ttop, my Mute , , , 
Hold thy Pindaric Pegaitu eloaely in. 
Which doei to rage begin . . . 
—'Til an unmly and a hard-oiavth'd hone . . . 
IVill no nnildlM toudi endnre. 
But flingi writer and reader too that liti not mre." 

■The fanlt of Coiricy, and p«hap« of all the 
wiiten of the aetaphytical race, U that ef pttnaiflg 
hit thoogbti to the laat lamificationt, by which he 
loaca the grandeor of genenJitj ; for of the greatest 
thinga tbe parti are little ; what ii little can be bat 
pretty, and by d timing dignity beeomea ridicnloni. 
Thni all the power of detcription it deitroyed by a 
■crapnlom ennmeration, and the force of meb^dkon 
it lott, when the mind by the mention of particnlan 
it tamed mote upon the original than the lecondary 
teote, more npon that from which the iUnttratioa k 
drawn than that lo whidi it it applied. 

•Of thkwe bare a vtirtvinett enaipte in the 
ode entitled " Tbe Htue," who goca to tait tkt air 
in an intellectnal chariot, to which he harweirei 
Fancy and Jadgmcnt, Wit and Eloqnence, Hono^ 
aadltrrentloD ; bow be ditdngnidked Wit from Faacr, 
or how Memory oottld p ro p er l y coMrlbMe to MotioD, 
ha hae im explaiaed t we ar^ howenr, caataBl to 
•nppoae that he oonld bare jnitified hit own fiatoo, 
and with to tee the Mate begin her career ; bM 
there it yet more to be done. 

" Let Uk^wA'Sm Natwe monsc and let 
The eoackmam Art be Kt ; 
And lea ibe ibjfitlmam, nmafng all be*4de. 
Make a long row of goodly pclda ; 

In a weO-WOTded dieM, 

And Innooeni lona, and plaaHnt Imtbi, and natftd Se^ 

In aU lb* pady Mnicf." 

' Emy mind It now ditgoited with thii cnmbei of 
magnlficonce ; yet I isnaot rdkie myaetf the Ibar 
" Uoont, gkriom qoeen, tfay travdUng thnme. 
And bid It to put on ; 
For lo^ tboogh dieeifb) It the way. 
And aiB, alai I allowt but one ni wbiur^ di^." 

' In the ttme ode, celebrating the powtt of the 
Mnia, he girot hm praidenca^ or, in poetical 
Langoagc, the tbwtight et ercnta hatAii^ in f a tw i iy ; 
bat havlikg ODoe an egg in hb nlnd, he cannot 
fcrhear to Anm tH that he k»cnr« what an agg ccn- 

" Tboa bito the doM neati oTTIme doa peep. 

And tboe with piercing eye 
Throogh Ibe firm Aell and the tUck white doet tpf 

Yean to come a-fomlng Ue, 
Gote in thHr Mcred fecoadine adeep." 

* The tame Ihonght it mote generally, and IheiefoR 
more poetically, expreaied by Caifmir, a writer who 
ha* maay of the baaatiet and faalla of Coiri^ : 

" Omnlboi mondl Dondnator botlt 
Aptal nrgendai pv loaae peniuK 
Paia adbuo nido ktet, « fatana 

'Cowley, whatever wa) hit labject, tecntt to have 
been carried, by a kind of dettiny, to the li^ and 
the &mUiar, or to coocdli which leqnire ttill mora 
ignoble epitheti. A tlan^tei in the Red Sea mtm 
i/ya ihi Miattr't n»m4; and ^Tg**™*! daring the 
Civil Wat, wat AUitn na mart, nor to U Kamtdfntt 
vihile. It it tarely by tome fascination not cwitj 
aatmoonted, that a writer, profetaing to revive tit 



•' Naj, If thou lo»'w me. genlle year, 
Let not so much ai Iotc be then — 
Vkio, frnltleM lore I mean ; (or, gentle year, 

Altbongh 1 (ear 
Thoe '■ of itib cuttloo Utile need. 

Vat, (enila year, take heed 

How tboa ttoH make 

n hat been ihown ; 

'Tbe leader of thii will be indiiied to cry out 

wiUt Prior (' BarlcKiae tm Boilean ') — 

" Ve eriHa, tay, 

Hma poor la Ml v>ai Pindai'i Stylt!' 

' Etcd &0M who cannot periiapi find in the 

iTrtt""" or Nemnan longi what antiqaity had 

diipaaed them to expect, will at lean lee that tber are 

iU rcp r eMQl a d bjr nch pan; poetry ; and all will 

detcmine (hat, if dii> be the old Thebu (train, it it 

'To thedfapropoMioaaad iiiooiigrtiit7of CowlcT't 
irntimnnti mnat be added tbe oDcvtaintj and looae- 
■CM of hit meattLTCt. He ndtes the tibertr of niii^; 
in my place a Tcne of any lei^ith, from two ipUablea 
to twdve. The Tcnea of Piadar hare, a* he 
ofaaerves, Terr IJtUe barman; (o a modern ear ; yet 
hj •frf-KAtAag Aa iirttable* we perceive them to be 
enongh for mppodng that 
It deli^tad widi the lomid. 
The imitator oo^t tbcrcfate to hare adopted iriwt 
be fbnnd, and to have added iriiat wa* mwting ) to 
hare preiemd a cmtttant rettum of the tame utmi- 
be«, «i^ to have snppUed imootbseM of tramitian 
and eontinmt; of thoi^hL 

' It U nr£ed b; Dr. Spnt, that the imguiarity of 
nmmttrt it l)it vtry thing which makes that kind af 
poity fit fir all mmnntr of mhjtcta. But he should 
haTc Temembeied, that what ii fit for e*er]lblng can 
fit nothing well. The great pleasure of verte arises 
from the known meamre of the linei, and uoifocm 
structure of the ttaocas, b; whidt the voice is regu- 
lated, and the memory relieved. 

' If the Pindaric style be, what Cowley thinkj it, 
Ikt mailtil and kig\al kind t/ writing in twrw, it can 
be adapted only to high and noble subjecti ; and it 
will not be easy to reconcile the poet vrith the critic, 
or to concdve how that can be the highest kind of 
writing in vene which, according to Sptat, u ekitjfy 

'This lax and lawless vendficatian to much con- 
cealed the defideticiet of the barren, and Battered the 
laziness of the idle, thai it immediately ovenpiead 
our books of poetry ; all the boys and girls cauf^t 
the pleasing fashion, and they that could do nothing 
else eoold write like Pindar. The ri^tt of anliqaity 
were invaded, and disonler tried to break into the 
Latin : a poem on the Sheldonian Theatre, ' in which 
all kinds of verse are shaken together, it unhappily 
inserted in the "Mutic Anglicsnie." Pindarism 
prevailed about half a century ; but at last died 
gradually away, and other Iniitatiant tap^y iU place, 

'The Pindaric Odea have so long enjoyed the 
highest degree of poetical reputation, that I am not 
willing to diemiu them with unabated censure ; and 
sorely though (he mode of their composition be 
CTToneons, yet many ports deserve at leait that 
admiration which is dne to great comprehension of 
knowledt^ and great (erttlity of fancy. Tbe thon^tt 
are often oew, and oltsi striking ; but tbe greiaaett 
of one part is disgiaced by the littleness of another ; 
and total negligence of language gives the noblest 
conceptions the appearance of a fabric aoguil in the 
plan, but mean in the nateriali. Yet sorely thoae 
verses are not withoQt a jntt claim to praise ; of 
which it may be said with tmth, that no man bnt 
Cowley could have written them' (ai before, pp. 

CvNKmoAit adda this note from Giffi)id's 
Ben JoDSoa (ix. 8) — 'Cowley mistook the 
very nature of Piodar's poetiy, at least of 
sudi as is come down to us, and while he 
professed to " imitate the style and manner 
of his odes," was led away by the ancient 
allusions and those wild and wondetful strains 
of which not a line has reached us. The 
metre of Pindar is re^fular, that of Cowley is 
utterly lawless ; and his perpetual straining 
after points of wit seems to show that he 
had formed no c<Hrecter notion of his manrur 
than of his style.' Earlier, Drtdsh having 
told us that our author 'brought Pindaric 
verse as near perfection as was possible in 
so short a time ' [whatever that may mean^ 
adds — ' But if I may be allowed to speak my 




mind modcMly, and without injury to hia 
■acred ashes, somewhat of the purity of 
English, somewhat of more equal thoughts, 
somewhat of sweetness in the numbers, in 
one word, somewhat of a liner turn aud 
more lyrical verse, is yet wanting.' * 

CoycRXVi again, grants that 'the beauty 
of Mr. Cowley's verses are an atonement 
for the irregularity of his stanias,' and 
that 'though he did not imiute Pindar in 
the strictness of his numbers, he has very 
often happily copied him in the force of his 
figures and sublimity of his style and scoti- 

Mi. Edmund W. Gosst gathers up ill 
prior facts and criticism in his always welcome 
and scholarly-discursive way, as follows : — 

• Id pahlMiIng these Kndarigwt Odtt, Cowley 
performed ■ duigcrocii innontion ; rwlhinc tX ftU 
tike these pompoui iTrici in va-i Uhra bad hitheito 
been utemptcd or ni£ge*ted in EngUth. [I intcccal- 
•te that Cowlejr might Iutc been uved hia niiicoii- 
ception of Pindu, had he read Ben Jontou'i glariout 
Pindaric Ode ' On the Death of Sir Heniy Morinn ' 
— to tuune only it ] In hit pre&ce he acknowledged 
this with a prood hnmiUly characteriitic of the man. 
"I am in gieal doubt whethn they will be an< 
dentood by most reader*, nay, eren by Tcry many 
who are well enongh acqoaintcd with the ccmunon 
Nad* and ordinary trmcki of poeiy. Tike 6gnret are 
tuutoal and bold eran to temeiity, and audi m I 
dnrit not haTc to do withal in any other kind of 
poetry '. the nomben are variont and iiregotar, and 
■ometimei, eipcdally tome of the long onei, aeem 
hanh and nncoutb, if the jnit meanrei and cadence* 
be not ihewcd in the pronnnciatioa. So that almoat 
all their sweetnest and nnmeroaity, which ii to be 
fbond, if I mittake not, in the ronghett, if ri^tly 
repeated, Ue* in a manner wholly at the mercy of the 
Rader. " He readen of the day were very merdful 
or very oncritical, for it wai chiefly on the score of 
those ranconi odea that io many iweet words were 
nid about " the majestick nmnben of Mr. Cowley." 
They became the tage, and founded a whole ichool 
of imitator*. Biihop Sprat state* in his life of 
Cowley, that the poet wu set thinking on thii style 
of poetry by finding himself with the works of Pindar 
iaaplacetdierc there were no other books. Itteemt 

likrfy that thii plaea was Jeney or some otkcr 
tcmpoiaiy •uuion of eiil^ while hia be>d-<]nMtei* 
were at Paitt. The bahioa of irregnlar inflated «cnc 
of a rhetorical -'■■■"'■*■' waijoit coming into fnihifFM 
in France. Altboogh condemned by Boilean, it was 
freqaeatly practised by Coraeille, sad still moie 
characteristically in the last yean of Cowley's life, by 
Radne in Bttlur and Atlu^it. Bat to Cowley i> doe 
the prai*e of uaventing or introdnci^ a style of ode 
which was a new thing in modem literatnr^ and 
which took firm bold of onr poetry nntil, in Colling 
it received its apotbeod* and its deathblow. After a 
hundred yean appeared the Pindaric Odtt of Gray, 
the last and greateM follower of Cowley. Bat 
though the chaster form of ode dengned by Collin* 
&om a Greek model baa erer since hia day raled in a>r 
poetic art, there has always bea a tendency to retniB 
to the old standard of Cowley. As lately as oar own 
day, Mr. Lowell's CnHmtrnfraticn Odr is a specimen 
of the fennle** poem of nneqnal linea and broken 
atansaa supposed to be in the maaaer of Ptodar, bat 
tmly the descendant of onr royalist poet's "mqestid 
nnmben." Kcata, Shelley, and Swinbame, on the 
other haitd, have reatond to the ode its harmony and 
•hapeliitet*. Until the days of Colling howrvo', the 
ode modelled npoa Cowley wa* not only the nmrcrtU 
medium for congntulatoiy lyiic* and pompoos 
occadonal piecea, but it was almoat the only ntiety 
permitted to the melancholy goieiationa oro' 
yrbata the herofc oonplet reigned snpremc. Dryden, 
whose Smf m St. CttiMi Atf dircOty imitates 
Cowley's Odtam tit JCawmrtim, nsed it with grand 
effect for his rolling orpn-ma^ Tbt forgotten 
lyiiata of the Keitoratioa foand ti a pecnliariy oon> 
venient instnmoit in their bomtd and inBemUe GngeiB. 
Pope only once aerionsly div er ged from the inevitabla 
oonplel, and then to adopt the ode-form of Coiriey. 
Yet so ia|ridly bad the Bum vt the Utter dedined that 
Pope coold uk, in 1737, 

" Who now reads Cowley? If be pleasmyet. 
Hi* moral idouea, not Ui pointed wit ; 
Forgot his Bfilc, nay, Pindaric art, 
Bnt sdlll kmthelangnagearhiabeart.'' 

■The language of the heart has not mndi to do with 
the Odtt of 1656. They art fifteen in number, and 
open with two paraphrases of Pindar himaelt the 
teoond Olympic and the first Kemean. Following 
these is « praise of " Pindar's Unnavigable S<hi^' 
In imitation of Horace. The rtmaining twelve are 
npposed to be original, bnt two are taken frtnu the 
prophetic Scriptoiei. One 00 Dating oootains the 
following lines, which form a fsvonrable example of 
Cowley's style of Pindarising, and of the conitiiiction 
«f hi* odes. In a series of groteaqnc and rather 




imiewnly iauiges, he declami tlwt he wu taken from 

hii mothn*! diildbed bf the tyrlc Mate, end that the 

■ddiCMcd him tho* u he lay naked in her hand* : — 

" ' Ttanx of my church dndt be ; 

Hate and renounce,' laid ibe, 

'Wealth, boootir, pleasmc^ all the world fc* ske. 

Tboa nettbcT great at couit, nor In the war. 
Nor at the Exchange dialt be, nor at the wrai^linB bM. 
Cootoit thysdf with the imall bamn pnlie 
That Rejected nne doth laUe.' 
She qiake, and all my jrean to eome 
Took their unhu^y doom. 
Theh' eerentl wv* o' ^^ 'e* others dioow, 
Tbdr HToal jiliaiiiiii ii let them uie, 
But I vas bom far lore, and lor a Moae. 
WHh bte what boota it to contend ? 


d my being frame 
Was bdt a lambent flames 
And some umU U^i it did I 
Bot neittaer beat dc? influence. 
No matte-, Cowley, let proud Foclaoe see 
That thon canst her despise no leas than shedoa thee. 
Let an ba- gifts the potiioD be 
Of fcdly, hist, and flatten', 
Pnod, extonioo, cahunny. 
Murder, Infideilly, 
Rrtidlion and bypoaisy. 
Do IM thou griere or bhuh to be 
As an the InsphM loneftil men, 
A*d all thy great lovbthcn were from HottMr down 
to Ben." 

'' With (nch a sonorotu atexandnQe he Ions to wind 
hit odci up iit a Momy dose. Elie, in spite trf mndi 
writ and ooUy said, and in ajnte of occmoimI tinea 

lAich linger in the mcmoiT, the Bi*»diaae laognage 
•ad the broken veruficatitxi unite to weary the ear 
and deiy the memory ; nor can the Odii nrer again 
take a living place in literature. Bat to the ttndent 
they are very Interesting as the fbremmieii of a 
wliole ctinent of lond-numthcd lyric invocation sot 
yet silent after note than two centnrua' (aa bdbre, 
pp. 730.a). 

I have stated that eren in the Pindarit 
Odes there are things that show the ' Roman 
hand.' These ate not easily detachable; 
and hence, undeteired by traditionaiy crid- 
dsm, I tnist the student Reader will for 
himself turn to them. I would simply add 
here, to those already given, a few reiuesen- 


tative quotations that were inevitably margin- 
maiied as I went along : — 
I. Fartmu. 
' Fottnne's Favour and her Splght 
Rtril with alternate Wavei Uke Day and Night.' 

(Vd. IL p. &) 
a. Par»-ltUi%g. 
' Vlcissitndes whfc^ thy gnat Baee pume, 
Z,'a since the tual Son his Father dew. 

And did old Orades fidfil 
Of Qods that cannot He, for they fareiel bat thdr own 
WHL- {/M p. 6.) 

3. JM»n. 

' Tts Madnesa sqre l^easures to hoord, 
And make them osdeai as in Mines remain.' 

(/Mf. p. IS.) 

4. J/^ 

' Though Happy Men the present goods pooess. 
Th* UnheppybaveUtelrSiuuretntDtiire Hopes no less.' 

6. Ftrimg^i. 
■Wh« never Fish lUd fly 
And with short sliver Wings cut the knr liqnid Sky.' 
{laa. p. 17.) 
7. Omt rtPtrtntifir at Pail. 
• We break ap Tombs with Sacrilegfoai Hands, 
Old Rubbtih we reraore ; 
To walk In Ruins, like vain Obosts, we love^ 
And with fond Divining Wands, 
We Korch unaag the dead 
ForTreasurti burled ; 
Whflst stm the Liberal Earth does hi^ 
So many ^nrgln Mines of ondiaooro'd Qold,' 

(rt»i PL 19.) 
a Bald SficulatitH. 
■The Baltlque, Emdn, and the Caspian, 
And slendcT-llmb'd Mediterranean, 
Seem narrow Cteds to thee, and only fit 
F« the poor wretched FIsber-boals of WH. 
Thy nobler Venel the vast Ocean tries. 


Thy Task was harder much than hi 
For tby leam'd America Is 
Not only found oat first by thee. 
And rudely left to future IndoHiy. 

, Google 


9. GtaUa^HMa. 

Tlw an Ihe Wantrabe of rM EloqiMm 

Conld havB aKiidal balf eMSgh, 
Of brigfai. of new, ud iMlof Sn^, 
To doalh tbc mlghlr I^ba of t^ rt*"**-* S«H.* 
(/«*■• S.) 

mdo Downnc, 
■ ii u d]«, iar WIT nut b« T«™|- ' 


■ Th' bvolA Bxdtadooi of food 

An ao br frennadaMoad. 
Ws oouBt (ban Vlea 1 Aki om- l^ital^ w m, 
Ttau thliv wUdi iwlftcM mom Mm to Maud idlL' 
[OU. p. aa.) 

IS. Dr.i 

' "Dtt loond&tknu of an liquid Pdn, 

Aim] ddnge Di^Mie tboo doat drain. 

PcaToi ao hot, that ooa would ttj, 

Thoa mlgtit'M ai aoon Hell fina aUar : 

The Danm'd scarce moct Iscarable than they.' 

(/«* p. aa.) 

13. Cun^Slem, 
' It aopi in vain ; liko Moaaa, iboa 

14. Sxtarf. 
• I leave Monalhy, and ihlngi beknr ; 

Farenl to 'fc all In haite; 

For I am call'd to go. 
A Whirlwind beui up mr dull Peel, 
Th' offidona Ckiad* bawath them meet, 

And Lo I I mount, and \j> I 
nr tmall the biggeM nuta of Baith'i pmod Tklle 

CDR of the Haoa, tmd th* 
ioHiubli mwiiriwit with ilic UkUv, etc,, ii could oal; b* 
/ntUfiH. But COT PoM Hwjiot Ibtmupeo, oUivianiof 
the rot. He ud Quikl, and Wither, and otbo true SlnfBi 
hart doM tkdudm bflaiia daiiug« bf do* kuxrlag to i^ieet 
■DjrthiBf that pemtad itMlf ts then. 

U) iMte 


And MaMa a Onin o' lb' Sandt 

Per tUi wtn any Sla, or Bleed ? 

Of art Waia li thii tbe Uecd 1 

And li U thla, aki. wfaidi we 

OhlicarofWordal doMnOmtt Utanler' 

(Vol 11. ^ as) 
IS. TSf **.»*» -^jai 
' Ka waiki aboot the poWdnc Nadea. 
1Mb beUad Un Malka and empir Deaolatlou.' 

labuUke Fire itntA out of Stone, 
So hardly gM, and qnkkly (uoa.' (/K^i p. ^) 
17. TluRttSm. 
• WhBD OD both tfdea ther «av the luarlne Uain, 
Broke looee from hli inriilbk Chain : 
Tbej nw the monittoui Death and waliy War 
Cocna raUnf down load ruin fropi afat.' 

I hare cluied ' DRTiden ' with the Tia- 
diric Odes, nmply because I ncopaac the 
genend rigbtnesi of Pope's vndict — 
'Anr^<larEPIC ■a7 PMaric aiL' 

Had Coiriey giv«n us no tnore than his 
Pindaric Odes and his ' Epic' of ' Davidei^' be 
should not have come down to tfait daj or 
been so tenderly f^arded as he sdU isbfthe 
most ci|»able men now living. And )^ — 
one would be thankful for ' Davidds,' weie 
it only for these two things ; (a) The intto- 
dnctory diaconrse on 'Sacred Poetry,' which 
remains substantially valuable, and as having 
preceded 'Paradise Lost' and Dsydkn's 
' Pn&cea,' historically and cridcaUy epocb- 
marhing ; {i) The quany that this — perhaps 
justly neglected — ' Epic ' proved' to no less 
than Sir Waltxk Scott, aa to otheis in a 
leaser way. It cannot be necessary th^ I 
urge my Readers to turn to the Pre&ce to 
•oe the Poef s mU^ in desigmng his sacred 
Epic. WiLUAif CuiXEH Bryaitt was tiie 
first to trace Scotfs reading of'Davideis'; 
and it would be unpardonable not to give 
his ststement, aa thus :•>- 



' He WM llttk more thu ■ ttitpUac wbot he mote 
wlut we hkve of bii epic, the "Daridas," of which 
keonlrftaniihedfowbooki,! third of the pK>)«<:ted 
miBber. He wu thei^ m he told Spn^ " a ^i3aa% 
(todeU et Cenliridge." It u t*dk«i M k OMntlTei 
but it eunphfie* Um AiiMl* (iMB Kf Ua poeltT br 
Cowptt. Heia e i wi wh w iii g Mic M^ ifaotfoettcri, 
■nd ereiTwheie leaned. I> the tUfd bo(^ of the 
"Dafkteb''C<nrlef deeeribet the two danghten of 
Si^ Menb and Miehal, in finn whkA Hem to bare 
kindled the iM«iMti« of WaUtt SmO, (inw in hi* 
"Pintte''heha*takeaw7MadjFthe M»a cbanc- 
teiitfici lor the contnMid pcsbaltacei of the two 
dao^ten of fAa^fii^ TioU, MInaa and Bienda. TV 

[Mrii^ the panllel panages. 

SanTa lajal bodse two beanteoua daoCtiRn gnced— 

Both aquallr (tar diflttent gktlca bBted. 
Uoab witb iputeD* bwDtr filled the (Igbt, 
Bat too much awe ctnstlKd the btrid ddigfat. 
Like a calm ie» which to tbe etilargM 
Oiret pUaaoK, tiul giva (cat and 
Hichal'i iweel looks, deu- and free jo)n 
And no len strong, ]ret much more gentle lora 
Uke Tfrtootu kings whom men re|<rfce to obe;, 
lyiBBtt Oicmidva leu atiaohHe than ther. 
limb apiMared Uke some bfr prliiGelr tower, 



A dMT a«d li*«lr bmn wBi Uwab'a dpt, 
Sndi u the praod* oolen niKht varj \ 
Midial'a pure sUn riMM wHh moh talntlev whlU 
Ai acaltered the weak layi of homan alghL 
Her Upi and cheeks a nobler tad did shew 
llkan sV on frolti and flowen bearea'a iMaefl Aiew. 
Ptxnn Herab'i ejrei fierce and quick lighndng oune, 
Fhm MkhaTt the ton'* mild yet active flame. 
Henh's leng-hBh- was gloasr AeHnm^MowD, 
TVertea er paleM tidd did Mktel Hown. 

je of bet wofth a»d iue 1 
u did loft Miehal ibow, 
TlMl none who reacb bo high e'er stooped lo Io« 
Merab rejoiced fa ber racked lovers' pain, 
And roTtified her rlrlue with disdain. 
Tbe grief ahe caused gare gentle hfichal grlrf ; 
She wished ber beaadea leu for ibdrrdlef, 
Kien to har captlres drQ : yet the exoesi 
Of tiaked virtue guarded hcrnoleaa. 
IHiilnios «Wl pnm Metab's large ihooght did n 
Hcf . wit dlididMd the fttien of her ML 

Vet did it 

Id brief, both oopia were more nreetty drawn. 

Hentb ol Soul, Uichal of Jonathan." 

'In Sootf* Ntnance wt have thb coabterpait of 
Ike piftdK of Henb and Miehal :— 

" Pnnn her mother Minna inherited the stately Ibnn 
and dark eyea, tbe raven kx^i, and finely pendlled 
biows which showed that she wai on one side at least 
a manger to the blood of Tbnik. Her check— 

' 0, eaU h fair, not |mU t'— 
Was H) dighdy and ddlcately tiaged witt the rose, 
that many thodght the lily had an Uidiie proportkM 
in h« comploloii. But in that predominance of the 
palar flowet there was tMthlng lickly or languid ; It 
was the natttnl coloor trf health, and coireaponded in 
a pecoliar degree with leatBfea lAidi seemed cal> 
cnlated to ecprMS a contemplative and Ugh-minded 
character. When Minna Ttoil heard a tale of woe 
or of InjdstlGe, it was then her blood rushed to her 
diedts, and Aowad bow warm it beat, notwithstanding 
the generally seiloiu, composed, and retiring disposi< 
tiim whldi her ooantenanee and demeanour seemed to 
eddUL If atiangers sometimes conceived that tier 
fine hMturea were clonded by melancholy for which 
her age and dtaation could scarce have given ocea- 
sion, they were soon satisfied, upon farther acquaint- 
ance that the pladd mild quietude of her disposition, 
and the matt^ energy of a character which was bnt 
little intensted in ordinary and trivial occnirences> 
was tbe real caose of her gravity ; and meat moi, 
when they knew that her melancholy had no ground 
in real sorrow, and was only the aspiration of a tool 
bent npon more important objects than those bj 
which she was inmMinded, nught have wished her 
whatever could add to her happinem, but coold scarce 
have desired that, graceful ai she was in her ttatoiml 
and niwBlected serioosnea, she should change that 
deportment for one inw« gay. In ihortj notwith- 
standing our wish to have avoided that hackneyed 
simile of an angel, there was something Id the lerious 
beanty of her aspect, in the meaxured yet giacefiil 
ease of her modons, in the music of her voice and the 
serene purity of ho- eye, that seemed as if Minna 
Troll belonged naturally to some higher and better 
qjhere, aid was only the chance visitant of a worid 
that was not worthy of her. 

" The scarcely less beautilhl, equally lovely, and 
equally innocent Bienda wa* of a complexion as dif- 
fcrlng Gxnn her sister as they differed in cTiaracter, 
tait^ and expreasKm. Her profnse locks jrerc of 
that paly brown whidi receives from the passing sun- 
beam a tinge of foh), bat daAens i^ain ^xn tbe 




n; hu puMd &tMii It. Her cjv, her month, Oe 
twutiliil raw of teeth wMdi in her inniKcnt nvadtf 
were freqnently dudoaed, the b««b yet not loo bright 
SJow of a holthj compledoD, tincinc n tUn like 
the drifted mam, ipoke her (ewdne Scaadiiavtaii 
detceat Abiiy fbm, leMlall thutlHt of Hinna, 
bnt Btill more fiaelf moolded Into %jaa*jaj, m. we- 
leu and (imoet diildiih lightncM of ttepi en eye that 
■eem ed to look on every object with pleanre, from a 
natnnd and icrBMi dieerinlneN of di^xaitioD, at- 
tracted even more goiaal admiralim than the diannt 
<rf her litter \ tboagb, perh«p«, that iriiid Hlma did 
^uite might be of a more Intenaeaawdluof amora 

"The diipoiitioti* of thete lovdy liitcf* were not 
lew diBcrait than their complexions In the kindly 
aflbctioiki neither could bo ft*^ to excd the other* 
Bat the checrfiUnoH of Brenda ndsed ibdf with the 
ercty-day boaneM of U&, and teeracd ipfrhanrtiMe 
in iti profiuion. Tlie leai buoyant tpirit of hernata 
ftppearod to brii^ to tociety a contented wiih to be 
interettcd and pleaied with what wm going forward, 
bnt wat rather placidly earned along by the itream 
of mirth and pleanrethandUpoaedloaiditiprogTeB 
by any tfibtt of het own. She eodnred mirth, rather 
than enjoyed it, and the pleamret in wluch ihe mort 
delighted were thoae of a graver and more tolitary 

' Thii poTtraitnre ii lomewhat modified froin 
Cowley'i original, bat the main foatnret ire the uuue ' 
(ai before, pp. 370-3). 

Bryant continaes oa 'Davideis': — 

' In Cheie day* we can hardly expect that anybody 
thould tead the "Davideii," tave thooe who are 
attracted by what Cowper calli the ingennity of iU 
author,— hia dexterity in itringing npon the iligbt 
tiuead of hi* namaive nneipected thooghti and remote 
aUnaitaii, never rejecting them becatwe they are odd 
or grotesque, provided tliey are ingeniooa. But the 
poem containi one beantihil lyric, a serenade in the 
thape of a love-iODg, anppoied to have been taag by 
the enamoured ihephnd youth, David, nnder the 
window of Hichal the dai^ter of SanL It ii happily 
veinfied, and the fire and enlhawatm of the initial 
■tanui contrait finely with the plaintivenesi of the 
do«e. Appearing among the tugged numbers of the 
third book of the " Davidda," it acarcely teemi ai if 
it beloiged there. 

" Awake, awake, my Lyre, 
And ten thy sUou master's humble tale 
Id aoundi that may prevail, 
Soond* that gentle tb<wght* in^ire; 


Thoogh M exalted the 
And J to kMTly be, 

ditfera^ notei stake aO thy faa 

Hark, bow the anlni 
And tboofh the moving I 

Tbeoaetvea with ewM imx 
A kind of nttmows tranbUag ^^a. 

Now an thy bnea try ; 

Now aU thy dMiiM apfly ; 
RavBga opoa ha ear the oooqneata of her eyo. 

To car*, bnt not le 

Nor fcatk thougbtt la her loqtire. 
AD thy vain mirth lay by ; 
Bid thy ttrinft itktA U«. 
Sleep, ilaq> again, m^ L^ra, and tat thy matttr die." 

■The Pindaric Odet of Cowley are read wiA mote 
pleature than the "Davideia," In the epic die reads, 
following the propCM irf the narrative, it ccntintMUy 
stopped by oonceiu and lotei patience ; in the Odea 
the ctmoeits entertain him. It it not improbable that 
the poet perceived how oninited hi* manner ef treat- 
toent wu to a narrative poem, and therefne detiitad 
from proceeding with it, althoo^ he took the paint 
to write over the fint book of the ' ' Davideit " in 
Latin voae, «4iich he wrote with aa modi fadtity, 
apparently, at Engliih ' (pp. 373-4). 

Sptat writes •ympAthedcally or ' Davideis,' 
as follow* : — 

* Hi* Damitii waa wholly written in to young an 
Age ; that if we shall reflect >Hi the vaatneaa of the 
Arganunt, and hii manner of handlii^ >t> he may 
aeon like one of the Miracle*, that he diete adorns, 
like a Boy attemptii^ GWuii. I have often heard 
you declare, that ha had finiih'd the grcatctt part of 
it, while he was yet a yoong Student at Cemhidgi. 
This perhap* may be the reaton, that in aome few 
place*, there ta more yoothfiilneai, and redundance 
of Fan^, than hit riper judgment woold have 
allow'd, I know. Sir, you will give me leave to nae 
thia liberty of censure j for I do not here pretend to 
a prafesaed Fanegyrick, bat lathei to give a joat 
opinion concemii^ bin). But for the main of it, I 




gm«c The ecatiiniiee is pcrfcctlr Ancient, whicb 
it cettaiabf Uie tne ferm oTHenick Poett?, and soch 
a> WM never tcI ontdMie by uiy new Devices of 
Hoden WiU. The nbjecl wm tmlj Kriiie, eren 
mcQMdliV to God't own heart. The matter of hit 
invnlioii, all the TiCMoret of KnowledKc and Hi*- 
totiet in the Bible. The model of It oompiehended 
•U the Ti tf"''i'g of the East The Chaiacten lofky 
•nd various : llie Namhcn 6nn and powerful : The 
DipesiionsbeaiitifdlBndproportiatwble: TheDcngn 
to nbmit mortal Wit to heavenly Troths : in all there 
it an admirable mixture of humane Virtves and Paa- 
riocM^ with rdi^oos Raptnrea. 

'The troth it, Sir, mcthinks ia other insttert, his 
Wit ezcdl'd most other mens : bat in hii Hoial and 
Divine Works it ont-did it aelfi And no doubt it 
proceeded from this Cause, that in other lighter kind* 
of Poetry, he dkiefly represented the hninonit and 
afftetiont of others ; but in these he nt to himself, 
Mtd drew the figure of his own mind. I know it hat 
been ot^ectod against him by some motote Zealots, 
Oat he ha* done an injury to the Scripture, tiy 
sprinkliDg all his Works with many Allndoos and 
SimHitodes that he took out of the Bible. But to 
these men it were a sufficient reply, to compare their 
own Practice with hit, in this pMticnlar. They make 
oae of Scriptnre Phrase* and Qnotatlons, in all their 
common Discoortc They employ the word* of Uolj 
Writ, to connteiunce the extravagance of their own 
opiniont and aflisctims. And why then might not 
he take the liberty to fetch from thence lome oma- 
ntont, fbc the innocent Paasitms and natnral Tiuth^ 
and moral Virtnes which he describe* ? 

' This it confatation enough to that tort of nwn. 
As to the thing it leU^ it i* so &r from being a de> 
basing of DiTiiuty, to make tooie parts of it the sub- 
jects of our Fancy, that it is a sure way to establish it 
famUiaiiy on the hearts of the people, and to give it 
• doraUe impression on the minds of wise men. Of 
this we have a powtiAil instance amongst the An* 
dents. For their Wit has lasted mnch longer than 
the Practice of any of their Reli^ona. Andtbevery 
monoiy of moat of thrdr Divine WMthip had perished. 
If It had not liecn etpressed utd preserved by their 
Poet*. But Hr. Cavity himself did of all men living 
abhor the abuse of Scripture by licentions Raillery : 
whidi ought not only to he esteemed the ""—"M 
kind of Wit, bat the wont tort of ill Mtnneis. This 
{wrttap* tone men woald be loth to heat proved, 
«^ piMtiie It tmder the fiUse title of a Gentile 
Qoality : but the troth of it is onquestionable. For 
the oidinary ill breeding is only an indecoice and 
offrnce against some particnlar Cu«t<»n, at Gettore, 
le i Bu this probnenes* it a viola- 

tion oftheveryMippart of homane Society, and a rude- 
net* against the best manners, that all Mankind can 
practise, which is a jost revoence of the Supr«ne 
Power of aU the World.' 

Dr. Johnson ia elabomte and critical — 
some might say hyper-critical, but too 
weighty to be over-passed, especially as he 
has worked into hia criticism fairly repre- 
sentative passages all round. Akchbishop 
Trknch has said severely, 'Johnson's cen- 
sure of poems, whether praise or blame, 
carries no great weight with it' * I would 
limit this to his ' censure ' of exquisite, dainty, 
delicate, subtle things ; for outside of these 
his 'judgment' is invariably sound, and his 
sturdy ' conmion sense ' ne^'e^ to be imposed 
on by appearances. Be this as it may, the 
Reader will do well to 'deliberate* over the 
great Moralist's critidsm of 'Davideis,' 

'The "Davideis" now remains to be conndered, 
a poem which the vithor designed to have eitendad 
to twelve book*, merely, as he makes no scruple of 
declaring, because the iCneid bad that nnmbet ; bat 
he had leisure or perseverance only to write the third 
part. Epic poemi have been left onfinished by Virgil, 
Statiat, Spenser, and Cowley. That we have not 
the ohole " Davideis " is, however, not much to be 
regretted ; for in thu undertaking Cowley i*, tacitly 
at least, confeased to have mi*carried. There are 
not many example* of «o great a work, produced by an 
anthor generally read, and generally praised, that has 
ciept through a century with so liitle regard. What- 
everissaidofCowley.ismeaot ofhisotberwoiks. Of 
the " Davideis" no mention is nuule; it never appears 
in books, nor emerge* in convermtion. By the 
" Spectator " it has been once quoted ; by Rymer it 
haa once been praised ; and by Dryden, in " Mac 
Flecknoe," it has once been imitated j nor do t 
recollect much other notice from its publication tilt 
now in the whole succession of English literature. 

'Of this silence and n^lect, if the teatoa be in- 
qolted, it will be found partly in the choice of tlie 
sobject, and partly in the perfonnance of the work. 

' Sacred history has been always read with tab- 
missive reverence^ and an imaginaiiMi over-awed and 
ccmtrolled. We have been accustomed to acqaiewe 
and simplicity of the authentic 

I UeoMbaUBookof Baiii*bPM«>y,3d«d.p> «ij. 



BamUirc, ta& to KpOM oa tt« TCtMtty whh Mck 
hamble wmM«iw> m wppwti cuioatj. We go 
with the hirtoriMi M he (OM, and itop with him wh^ 
he ttopi. All unjdificatioii ii fanolom and nin ; all 
■dditioa to that which b alrerndf nffidcDt for tb* 
pnipoMi of iriifloB, MOD* sot onlr wdaM, bat ia 
MBe dapce pcaftn*. 

' Such mntt m wen pradwed bf the nufal* 
intopoBtion of DiTine Fcnrer are aboTC the power of 
hometi pnini to dignify. The minclc of Creation, 
however It mar tcoB with imago, Ii beat deacxibed 
wlUi litlk dlAaian cf langnage t Ht tfuki Ue werJ, 
and tk^ loir* wtaJi. 

• W« we told that Sa«l «MW *w4W wU* m nil 
J^iirir,- from thia Cowlay takea an oppottiini^ of 
docritnng hell, and telling the hidorj of LonlcT, who 

" Oocegenaalof affldedboit aTipdlet, 
Like Hcaper lodlng (btth the ipuigled nlghta : 
BdI down Uka Ugtataliic, which Urn atniA, he tMXat, 
AtA Mar'd at hia fint pbuge hito the Bmm," 

Book I. 

' Lndfet makei a q>eech to the inferior agoitf of 
■niadiicf, in which there it fomething of b eathen i n n, 
and therefore of improprie t y ; and, to give efficacy to 
faiawoidi, cmtclndesbyUahingjUttmu/KKMU^ny 
IttH. Envy, after ■ pante, tlep* out, and among 
other dechrartnM of her ical ntten theae lin« t— 
" Do ihoa but threat, loud atormi thai! make repir. 

And thmdff echo 't to the tRmbUng >ky. 

WhOM ragtag ecu iweO to M bold an helglrt. 



Th' old dradglv Son, fraa Ma long-beatea w^, 
Slall at thy vefae aMit, and uiigaide Iba d^. 
The ^oennd cftaa dmll break their naaanr'd pee*, 
And nnhbom pole* ohaiwa thefa' allotted place. 
Hearen'l J^lded troop* ritaU flotts bae and thare, 
Lewring their boaaUng aoog* lun'd lo a ipboe^" 

' Every taader feel* himaelf weaiy with thia naeleM 
talk of an allcguical being. 

' It 11 not only wba the eraitt an conieaaedly 
■nincnlow that fancy and fiction loaa their eSMt; the 
whole lyitM of Ok, while the Theoctncy wm yet 
vivbl^ haa an i^ipeawce *o difhrcnt £rom all other 
ueua oihwMB action thai the nader of tha Sacred 
VoloMe baUtBdly eonaUan it a* the peculiar mode 
of t'"*™ ot • dittiaGt fpedca of maskind, that 
Ihed ^td acted with manDen nncommnnitable ) «o 
that It ii (Ufhcab even for imagination lo place u 
in the Mate of thttt iriMoe itoiy i* nlated, and by coB- 
» their joyi aitd grieb an not eatily adopted, 
ji the attention be often intoeated ia anything 
that bcUli then. 

of FM 

bro^t littU thi 

attact cwioaity. Nothing on be a 
thas a nartative apangled with eonedti ; 
an an that the " Davldiii " aappUca. 

■One of the gMt M«n*a cf pMtkal deli^ ia 
daacription, m Iha jiiiaw iif iiiwiliin jJilaiii [ii Ihi 
«haL Cowley givs iafeteMM faatead of Iwapa, 
and ibowt not what M7 be Hp^wad to hare haaa 
aaen, bat what Ihooghti the nght might hava aag- 
gealML Whea Vi^l deacribea the ahMa which 
Tonuia lifted againil jBnaae, he iaea the attwlioa 
on lu balk and weight 1— 

Sanun andqmmi, ingen*, campo qnod forte jacabal 
Umei agro poefna, litem ^ dlaoeraeret arvta." 

' Cowicy eayi irf tha atoae with whidi Caia daw 

'Of the aword takoi from Goliah, heeayai— 

■■ A awoid ao gnat, that h waa only M 
To take off Ua great bead who CBM* with It." 

' Other poeti deaoibe death by aome of iu comnton 
^ipeanncet. Coiriey taya, with a learned alloBon 
to Kpnldusl lampa, real or &bnloDi ; — 
" *Twlxt hia right rfba daq> pive'd ifan f^rioM blade. 
And open'd wide tboae Mcrel vaaaala lAen 
LiVi li^t goaa 001. whan firK tbqrlat hi 


' Bnt he hai alltuioBi vulgar aa wdl ai 
a vinonaiy ncceaiion of kingi : — 

' DeacriUi^ an andladpHned 1 

m'd no annj, but a a«wd 

he givca Iham a 6t of th* agaa.' 

' Ilia allBBOni, howew, an aot alwaya to valgar 
thiagi J he oAoid* by lTHt-nV"B m aMih a* by 




' WhUenr he write* ii alwaT* polluted ' with Nm 

" When the mn'i frnitAil beam* ghe netili birth. 
Where he the growth ot &ilal gold doa lee— 
Gold, wfald> alooe men InloenGe hu thu be." 


' la one paaage he ttut* a (odden qttetdoa, to tb 

" Ve leefBMl heeds, wboni 1*7 garleBdi gtmn, 
Whr doei ttal twiidiiff ^ant the oeh embnoe ; 
The otk tbr eoumUp mait of all nuAt, 
Aad rai«h ai are (ha wtadi that flghl with K7" 

' HU eipreMon* bare HI 

* In a dBUe deeetqtiva of the moniing- >-r 
" Ai glhiimning Ran }aR «t th' approach <rf daf, 
Cadiki'd br uoiq)*, at lait drop all Bw«.y." 

Beat /v. 

' The draM of Gabriel doMrvMattealioa ■ — 
" He took for lUn a cloud ouat loft and bright. 
That (^er the midday sun picrc'd ihroimh with li^l 
Upoo hto cheAia ItTdT bhuh he ipnad, 
Waih'd from the Monfaw btantlet' deepeet led ; 
An harmleM Bandng mebtot Aom let hair, 
And feU edown Ui ibovldcn with loon oaic ; 
He ctili out a tilk OMStle bom the ikka. 
Where the UMtt^rightty aam plau'd.the ve* : 
TUa he widi ilarrr i^MMT* qtaaglea all. 
Took Id tbsir prime ere ib^ grow ripe and ^ i 
Of * IMW ralabow ttit it &ei or bde. 
The cbotaeet pleoe took owl, a aearf 1* pade. " 

* Thi* ii a jnR qtedn^i of Cowlej't imager)' i 
what mi^ te feMnl ex|wea*ioni be peat and 
fiinibl*^ he weakens and make* ridktdotK br btandi- 
faif it iMo (bhII pBfla. Tliat Gahrid wa* taveited 
irith the loftert or bilghleet colonn of the sky, we 
miglit haTe been told, and been dismisud to Improve 
the idea In our different proportioni of conception j 


bat CoWlay could not let n* K° '''^ ^K had related 
wfaeie Uabriel got Gist hi* tkin, and then his mantle, 
then hit bee, and then his scaif, and related It in the 
teiBU of the mercer and tailor, 

* Sometime* he indnlges himself in a d^reseioa, 
•hrayl conceived with his nataral exnberanca, and 
oommonly, ercn where it it not Img, eontinned (ill 
it It tedion* I— 

" I' th' llbnuy a (ew chtnoe authon stood. 
Yet 'twas well itar'd. lor that small slon 
Writing, man's spiritual physic, was not 
Iisel^ as now, grown a dbeaae of men. 
Learning (young vligta) but few sultoti knew ; 
The commoa prottimte Ac laldy giew. 
And wldi the qmrions brood loads now die preM ; 
Udwriau* aSeolt endlowes." 

* As the " Davideit " afTords only four books, 
though intended to comitt of twelve, there is no 
opportunity for such criticisms as epic poem* con- 
oionly tupply. The plan of the whole work is very 
imperfectly shown by the third part The duration 

of * 


diai«ctei«, dtber not yet Utrodaced, or shown but 
upon lew occasions, the lull extent and the nice dis- 
criminatioQS cannot be ascertained. The &ble is 
plainly implei, formed rather &om the Odytsey than 
the Iliad : and many artifices of divenificatiou are 
emtdoyed with the ^ill of a man acquainted with the 
best models. The past is recalled 1:7 nanatioa, and 
the future antidpaled by vision j but he has been lo 
lavish of his poetical art that it is difficnlt to imagine 
bow he could fill eight books more without practising 
»gun the same modes of disposing hi* matter ; and 
perii^w the perceptioD of this growing incnmlwance 
inclined him to sto|h By this abruptioiL poatcrigr 
loet more instruction than delight. If the continua- 
tion ofthe "Davidot" can be mi**ed, it is for the 
leanJng that had been dtffiued ov«t it, and the notes 
in which it had been explained. 

' Had not his charactera been depraved, like every 
other part, by improper decorations, they would have 
desored uncommon pndie. He give* 9anl both the 
body and mind of aharoi- 

And tbediOereot beantiaofthe thelofiy Meraband 
the gentle Hichal aie very justly ooncdved and 
Wrongly painted. 

' Rymer bat declared the " Davidds " mpeiigr t« 
the " Jemtalem " of Tatso ; " widch," sayt he, ■■ the 
poet, with all his care, has not totally purged bom 
pedantry." If by pedantry it meant that minute 
knawk^ iriuch it derived Irom particular icieiNet 




and itDdici, in ojqioddan to llw g«Mnl nodoM 
(applied b; a wide nmy of life and nature, Cowley 
cerlainly em bj introdndBg pedantijr far mon 
freqnentlj than Two. I know not, Indeed, why 
tbcy ihonld be compMed ; for the leeemblanoe of 
Cowley'i mtA. to TaMo"! It only that they boOt 
exUbit the ageacy of eelcetia] aad infsnal apiilta ; in 
irtiich, howerer, they difler widdy, for Cowley 
luppoaet them eommtnity to operate apon the mind 
by nggeitioB ; T«mo reprcMnti them ai promoting 
or obltnictiag erenti by extenia] agency. 

' Of paiticulai pamagei that can be propeHy com- 
pared, I remember only the deaoipbon of hcKTcn, 
in whidi the diflcreni "■»'"" of the two writer* 
i* mffidently diicemible. Cowley'i it acarody de- 
■cription, unleai it be pottible to dcaoibe by nega- 
tlTCt ; for he tellt ni only what there it not in hcnven. 
Taito endeavoon to repretent the iplendonn and 
pleatore* of the regioot of happineu. Tamo aSirdi 
image* ; and Cowley lentinentt. It happeu, how- 
erer, tint TaMo't deicription affoidt tome reaton lor 
Rymer't cenmrb He layi of the Supreme Being : — 



' The iccond line hai in it more of pedantry than 
perhapa can be foond in any other itanin of the 

'In the penual of the " Davideii,'' ai of all 
Cowley'i wci^ we End wit and leandng nnprofitably 
■qnandered. Attention hat no itlief t the aSectlont 
are never mored; we arc lometimei nrprited, bat 
nerer delighted, and find much to admire, but little 
to approve. Still, howerer, it it the work of Cowley 
— of a mind capaciont by nature, and replenithed by 
■tndy' {as before, pp. 45-5*. ] 

Whilst I must (relnctantly) teqniesce in 
the general condemiuttion of ' DavideU,' uid 
only wonder over the extraordinary dexterity 
of his putting into I^tin of the fiist book, I 
must claim, nevertheless, for this poem that 
it holds things in it in votious ways notice- 
able. ET«t in the lecoUectioD of Fhinxas 
Flktchbr's 'Locusts' (Latin and English) 
and Giles Flbtchsx's 'Christ's Victory,' 
there are portraitures of that ' Hell ' which 
Milton was to eograndeur, that remind us 
how ' Paradise Lost ' had dim shadowy sug- 
gestions of it. It must likewise be remem- 
bered that neither Dr. Hknry More nor 
Dr. JosxFH Beauuont, nor Richasd Cxa- 

SHAW had then published dteir pcenu-^from 
which Milton biled not to gather spoil, as 
elsewhere shown. 

I deem it only due to Cowley to place 
here mtmonMUa that have struck myself— 
leaving them to speak for themselves (sli^dy 
italicised), and asking that they be read fiir 
what they are in themselves, not at all as 
belonging to an ' Epic.' 




MUh the lUeu OModMnof the Bartli, 
be Sun'i fniOti BtMM gtfe JMa/i birth ; 
» the Growth offiul Gaid doe* tat. 
kta above mcae l^mmet bat than lu. 
the Dou where un/laclu TtrnftM Ijw, 
ml Wi»di tbelr Undv VaUa try, 
the ml|titr Omm'i wealthy Cavea, 
th' ateraal PmmiaiK of all Wave*, 
bdr lait Court the Uatlur'maiov keep, 
'd by JAhu In tUence deep ; 
Pace, deep, woadrou daep bdow, 
gmalaa f/igkt laA Htrrtr doM o'wflow ; 
imd control! th' umrearM Spaoe. but littt 
'I Bi Ihoae dire Paini that In i( dwdL 
« dear CWmpaa of the ^Wj lovely Face, 
~ " moftbenaoe: 

One tUght weak Beam would bw« be (boogbt the D^. 
No goBtle £Atn with their fair Criu ef Z^fAt 
Otfand the lyr'anout and nmpHatlon'd ffi^.' 

CftA, II. p. 40, c I, D. 71-90.) 

a. yadMXtMSm. 
. . . 'Wen be knew what £«>»y did itese, 
The mired Se^Urla btet /mJak'i Race, 
Prou wMch th' BttmulSJUb waa to ipitv : 
A Jr»wJlr4« which new iiUfr 10 /TOl did Mng I 
And tbongfa no lei 
Ttfu ~ 

le with the Cdoit; 

■, Q. ii7-ia4.) 

• And now it broke hli fcnn'd Derign, to find 
The gentle Changs of SauTi rcooVilng Mind. 
He truMed mud) in Saul, and mg'd. and grlev'd 
(The great Ekcavtr^ to be hlnuelf dtaai'd. 
Thrioe did he knock hit Iron Teclh, thiice howl. 
And Into Froviu hii wialbftil Fcrebead towL 
H Li Eyes dart forth red Ftamea, which tcare the ^yi/. 
And whh worie Firtt tbe tremtdtng Gkettt aWght. 
A l^oop of ghully PitnJ] compost him round. 
And greedily audi at his Ijps' fear'd Sound. 

Are we such NaMnp then (said lU) aai WJH 
Croat by a &l4!M(rrf-i Agr r And ymi yet mUI 



V^TtMiftmidUStrftmbhKKl Dmn* none 
Aueupt what baecMiMi Ana r ArajefrtxRi 
Benunnn-d with Pimr, at VirttUi iFrichtkM oold. 
Ycm, wto woQ oaet (I 'm ran) lo frun and JoUr 
Ob nr m-obaBg'd CoDdlHon I ob mr FUs I 
Did 1 bae /bov'ii Ibr tbli? 
With ihM. with hia loDs Tall be lathi hb BnaR. 
ADd boniblT J^ab oat in Zm4j ibe real. 
The quaUnr Fow'n of Nifbt Rood In Anun, 
And at each other first could cmlj gaie; 
A dnadfdl SiU<tei Slid the boDow Placo, 
Donblini; the Native Terror oT HtUi Face ; 
Riien oTflamkif BrinuioDo. whidi befen 
So lood^ He'd, oqtl wftlj far the Shon ; 
No Hisa of Smakv, no Claoli of Ckaiia wu known : 
Tbe Sotih amfda ihelr Tantmi dunt not (loan.* 
(Vol II. p. 46, a 3, n. loS'iSB-) 
4. EwVfandBirvfiSpttth. 
' Bwvf at lait crawls forth trmn that dire Throog, 
OfalLtliadirefall'iti her Uac* Locki fam^ lot«, 
Ank'dwMienrliDc50^nuli,' her pale SUn 
Wm ahnott dropt from the iharp Bona within, 
And at ber BnaM ttndi Viptn which did prey 
Upon ba panthii Heart 1 both Night aod Daj 
Snddng bladi £Awrf from theace, wWch 10 repair 
Both Nlgtat and Daj they left fresh Potiam then. 
Her Oannents wm deep italn'd lo human Oore, 
And ton bf bs- own Handi ; In which she bore 
A haouad WUp, and Bowl, (hat to the Brim 
Did wkh fre^ OatL and Joioe irf Wormwood iwlm. 
^mib wfaidi wlien tba was dmnk, ihi furioni pern 
AailaA'iitm^; lhn« from th' aocnned Crew, 
A(7, iba worn «( ftaiA, ber idf preeoiu 1 
An^, ,(Datf ooljr iriKo she heridf iCTMawlL 

Spend not, gieal JTiiy, thy iredoa* nge {aald slie) 
Upon so poor ■ Canse ; tball Uigklji Wt 
TIw fanr of OOF WtBlh to *>■■ alfbcd r 
Area* not Ao^stlll? aaAym our Lordf 
At Ifay dread Anger the fii'd Wfrid shall ihalu. 
And IHghted f/ottm her own Lami fonak& 
Dd tiam but threat, loud SKmn* shall maks R^tf, 
And TbmJir ecdio'l to tba trembliiv Sky ; 
Whilst taginc Stai swdl to so bold an hd|^ 
As Aall lbs Kr^i proud EUmml aflHgbL 
Th' old Aadgl^ Sum frcM bb kag-taaien Way, 
Sbnll at tby Vtitt Man, and niignld* the Dtji. 
Tbe }0CMtd Orii shall break (beir nieasm''d Paoe, 
And HuUwm AJItt change ibdr allatled nace, 
Hmi/^t gilded 7Vm^ ^alt flutter bare and lb«a, 
Le«ring thdr boMllac Soogi uin'd ta a Sflurt; 
Nay tbdr Ctdtao—iai feaj *< did. when tw 
Took noble Armi against his 7>raaiif ,- 
So noble ^racA and In a Cuuw so great. 
Hat Trimmflu t^ i uu rti ) for their D^lat. 
TlMva was a D^ I oh might I see "t again 
Tboogh be had fiercer Plaits to thnul us In I 
AndeansDdi Pow^bebya £ib'M withstood 7 
wm .Sifmi. ahw, or AMst, do bin good? 



{V<rt. II. p. 46, IL IS3-I95.) 
5. SanI in daugtr-fram DatAd. 
'Lo. iMi great Cause makes (by J!MtfAi£br> rise, 
fteaks the firm Satt of their dos'd Tamil and MfU. 
Nor can (heir Jealous Atlui, whilst this Btf 
Sluviiel. Ibe Prio'iUgi of their Graoa enjoy. 
Rise quickly, Saui, and take that Rtiili breath 
Which IroaUes thus thy U/t. end er'n our Dtalk. 
Km him, and thou 'rt secure ; 'tis only JETr 
Tba) 's boldly Interpos'd 'twin God and Out, 
Ai Earth' I law GM* rsti th* Idtk Moen af Ugkl ; 
When this £cM/ie Is past, thy A/t 't all bright. ' 

[It. p. 48, 11. 091-300.) 
6. Hmm. 
• Abof« tbe nfalle Folding* of the Shy, 
Above tbe wdl^el OrU toft Harmatf, 
Above those pet^ Lamft that gild tbe Night, 
There Is a Place o'erflown with hallowed tight; 
Where Mmtfn, ai if It left i( self behind. 
Is strecht out fsr, itor its own Btmiids can find : 
Hen ptattfitl Ptama tmtH op the sacred Place, 
Nor can the <3lDiy contain it idf in th' endless Space. 
For (hsv no Twilight of (he Svii dull Ray, 
Olimmers upon (lie pure and ualln Day. 
No pele-fac'd Maen does in ttoln Beams appear, 
C^ with dfan Taper tcalterl Darknas (here. 
On no smooth Sfhiar (he reitleai iiuiDiu tilde, 
No cbdlng MoHm do(b swift 7V*m divide 1 
No(hlng is (liere Te comt, and nothing Pail, 
But an StvnalNaw doea always last.' 

(«. IL 347-3S»-) 
7. PuttKmtmgi. 
■ He win be rte too iSM// liir onr iBf « Mu^ ; 
And we mutt dor* In oar Revenge with Patt.' 
{/i. p.5o,ILfiD9-ia) 
8. AitiHatm, 
' Instead of Ann, hard Beds they choie to bate, 
SaEh as might bid them not forget Ibeta Grant.' 
{». p. S3. U. WSt^) 
9. lauMan amdDavU. 
' Jaaatkam (toc'd him through with greedy Eye, 
And undoMood the future Majulj, 
Then deitia'd in the Glories of hii Loc& ; 
He law, and slnlt was with Amuemeat ttiook, 
To see the Strength, the Feature, and tlie Oraoe 
Of his young Limbs ; he saw his comely Face, 
Where Love end Rev'rcnce so well-mlnglcd were ; 
And Htad. already ertmiCd wilh gatdm Hair. 
He MW what yiUntat his bold Sf'irit dkl tame. 
Gentler than Light, yet pcnrBinl as a Flamt. 
Ho saw bis Vaitur by thdr S^t^ prov'd ; 
Hetawall thi^ and as he saw. bclaii'd.' 

(». p. S4. H- StNl-) 




• Tha Dmmtt, nd DawidUt Im Otmrnndilm. 
Stm woand hii rfcklr IsMl, Hi' Mil •>• DM; 
(kvu Act* r aaUtfoBB Crimea Trmwrn grow. 
So modi thv i«* IhU ««i» wbk* Av MW, 
Tftmatt dre^ an whom tber nlM bifli in PlaM^ 
FVam tba Qtai^ Dai^fir; horn the £a^. Ditgract. 
Ttwj doubt the Z^rd^, mUtnut tbe PtafU'i bale, 
im Blood becooM m PrindfU OS SlaU.' 

(Tot. II. p. 56. a 185.19L} 
II. BMlb. 

' The Hcnd HirJ mardi'd prond mod nlU; by. 
Too fat uid gaj 10 think their Dcathi w tdgh. 
Hardfueof AaM», nan tamoooii ihm «( / 
Prej to out £iu'iD7, •■douf A*^/' 

(rt. n. ot^o^e.) 

■UoMmlTOhleclt But k fcUaf Stale 
Hu alwajt hi pmh Ein>n)ala'd whh A*.' 

13. Kaia idcl-gidi. 
■ To Ihalr caiT'd OaA Ibe iMMkl Womb inqr. 
<M» Wtikfa a* OBC ibalc J?m» mn ■■ M«>.' 

i/f. p. tio. U. 7D*-(.) 
14. Oairiil. 
{/t. pL £1, U. 799->ii, quoted by JohoMB, ubefotv.) 
ij. Fmgiltm. 
' Bat DaiHJi Hute deniei tXl oeedku Stay ; 
To Oaik, aa Enemy'i Land, be haites any. 
Not thoe •ecnra, imtn^enaaeDaiigtr'tiuar, 
Tha more rmv/t though /ntf Or- dbappew. 
So kom the Hawk. Birdi to Mui'i Suoeoor Ike, 
So 6t>iB^r'tf £(^ Jfon leap* tnio the 5«>. 
Then Id Dl«n<M he Iww •Btoww* t* «U4) I 
Alul in vain 1 "Til m tirli 'kiainm hirV F 
Stooo of piull Worth m«,7 l}« nueen by Daf, 
Bat A'.^ iiKir does the rtch A* bemy.' 

[li. PL 83, n. 09-38.) 

16. Aiaiit. 

• Aaakil, iwi^ tban the Nartktnt Wind; 
Scuce could the nUnUe Matiati of hii Mind 
Outgo hli Ar/.- lo sinngely would he run, 
Ttet Timt it u^pasxiy'i not what wat done. 
Olt o'er tbe t^wni utd Meadows would he pan. 
Hi* Weight mlnnni, and humleu to the Grut ; 
Oft o'er the Sands and hoDow Duil would trace. 
Yet 00 one Ataau tronble or displace. 
Unhappy YoutA, whose Bod so near I tee I 
Tbere'snonght but ttiy/tf^aft soswlfiu Tlut.' 

{li. p. 84. B. 79^.) 

17. DaatdptdtingtfSamltArmo^. 
• He lost himielf In that Di^trin of War, 
And guanled seem* as men \t] Prinia are.' 

(/*. p. 68. a 539-40. 

la. BarlfMahtrttf. 
' FW VUfry toata aot Uke an Utrilagt, 
Al mt Vmri ; when my PattMi't FIoi^ I Isdi 
A SMTond Zin by fierce Huoger'ked, 
boke from tlie Wood, and lauch'd my Lamti mvf ; 

IV. The Emnmnfo Pouts and Pko^b. 
That there u the *eadarin^' the impeiiib- 
abk, ia the Wofki of Cowley, I postulate 
without Tcacrre aa without hesitation. I do 
■o alio in the fiill knowledge of what i> 
alleged by certain critici of tbe hour {tm- 
pbaticallx *A the hour) aa to the frre W t- 
sible passing-away of his and of others' fame. 
I assert in tbe face of such onwiBcwot 
' censure ' (in tibe old sense) that it Ksti on a 
ludicrously natrow basis, as thus, ' We have 
the Cowlejs and the Votings «nd thf 
TbomsoHS upon our shelvea, but thef Bve 
no longer in our hearts ; their power is 
appreciated by critics, but their once enor- 
mous pofHilarity has departed, never ID 
return. Snch is the uncertainty of bxat t — 
and yet tht £une of the poet is, of all faspio, 
the most enduring.' Hon utter tymmevme 
than neariy every word of this is scarcely 
conceivable; Wbp is tbiff ' Wt' that pie- 
sumct to represent the miUiona at onr 
English-speaking race 7 Who gave hftn 
commission so to speak tor that race? And 
how did he arrive at hiainmeiwe coBcluaiac 
that because *We' (borne Sterary TaBor of 
Tooley Street without even kts two asspdales) 
have these Poets on ' out ' shelve^ trgo Qtey 
'livenoloBger^lnlbe)ieattB<rfmen? Then, 
that 'their power is appreciated by critics' is 
just the convene of the historic fact Itisyour 
' critics ' <rf this kidney who in thdr supoftne 
culture do not recognise the ' power ' of such 
as Cowley, Young, Thomson^ and kindred. 
As for their * ooce enonnooa popuiari^ de- 



pMtod,' of wfaon, I Mk, evvb tof the 
mmm of ill tnentli*, don* tet du <ili a 
InM^livldP CompArcilniiittraljrfcbolMtti 
ted pra|eahi(Mal leadltig of th« danici of 
Oncce «Mt (Lomfe with die tidB-mvs of 
ku ku ma n k uifaa Revival «f Letteit when 
Haaitbr ud Vbgil, So[4idc1m and CiceiD, 
DmoMhoMi and Ssaeca, TliuCTdidci and 
Sdhat wcfo tiie aU4A«U in men's ■ heatta' and 
in men's moudu — and such men t Or com- 
pare the 'prodigious popularity' of Bacon 
aad HoBBRsand Sir Thouas Baowvi whila 
Atf lived and ftir g e u e ialita u Uln\ with the 
gradual nairowing of the circle of thdr 
leaders. But none worth minding we think 
will argue that the solidigr of tbeii '£amc' 
ia tovcbed by the change of its natore. To 
be talked about, to be petsonatly flattered, 
to be continually before the world in the 
vulgar sense of 'prodigious popularity,' is 
<me thii^i^ but it is not — &jiie. Fame in 
ita tne and woctfay seaae cobms from the 
i w uu t c e and love and inteUectnal aad 
at^tnal ^sorption of the select men and 
women of successive generations. And that 
I maintain is the kind of ' iame ' that belongs 
to the aaan whosn these cribclinga scom, 
te oimiMm with th« greatest Specifically, 
of Abraham Cowley, I affirm that lie has 
an irremovable place in the History of our 
literature; be has written things that all 
the En^isltspeaking w(^d over are (in 
Charles Lamb's phrase) 'very dear' to die 
most diNce spirits ; he has made his mark 
<m minds diat are potential on both the 
hither and thither side of the Atlantic; he 
has added to the luif^tness and the melody 
of our eaidi, so that suppose his poetry uid 
prose noitezistent, golden attd goldoiing light 
would be absent, and lyrical cries un-itttered; 
he has left wise, weighty, beaudful thoughts 
in finest English wor<^ ; he has, in short, 
added to the sum-total of the rich heritage that 
comes to men through books. I have super- 
abundant evidence that in the vast coaslt- 

ttKDt? that any b«e HngUah bo^ oddicssMv 

ta whom Cowle^ devte- caa pale of his luaii& 
Btit taost aadwiott ia the iiiiiiiiilii— la 
the oncidar < we ' faavsag daUrend its hndl 
veidkt,-- ' Socfa is Ac unoartainty of fiubci' 
'Fame' would net be wMtk the havicg if 
critica of this cantaikkeroda U oitf-oteKeitad 
type, had its bestowal or witfadiaVd in their 

Spedung broadly, it is idxnninable ingrati- 
tude (apart from odicr clenenis) in any on« 
srho kiiows Ibc bebfedtedon ' for all time ' of 
however simple a poem <St sObg, ot hit of 
fine English pros^ to seek to lessen the 
'fame' of the author of such. If man or 
woman hare added byasintfephraaaorlinet 
}ewria 'five-worda krtig. Ghat qitukle od the 
stretched fore-finger of Tymt' (as I dire to 
read Tennyson), he or ^e is of the bene- 
factors of the face, and ought to be remem- 
bered bwietly sad teadoly and lofingly. The 
'benedkltion' asay be tegcty Juwivmovaaad 
local, but none the Ises is it ' buDodietion.* 
Such bcbtftctocB of race and laagtngc aijt not 
bo many that we can aftiAd M ' dishonour,' 
aanck Irtas forget- them. It is h natioa*], 
Aay human lOaa to hi(vc any oAce 'wrathily 
boQotned taune shorn of its niaibnii or 
^te^Msbd of kB aActibn. fiqiccially is it 
proVincial^-anddiatsorTiett of iall provincial- 
ism, Cockneyism'— te ipion the Inallttvde* 
«n natfllitudes ilt hsddeo plac^ to wboln 
SQppoeed fbi|;atten VUurs ^and Doers) ate 
as precioas as ever tfaey w«tc in their days 
of ' prodigious popularity.' 

F<rilowiag tlds Unc of observation I have 
nothing to say to thfc Awn wfaO will not 
tecognise d>t 'endming' -fn oariain trf the 
poems of Oowley that l have been already 
adduced in this Ibtrodaetion. The critic 
is not to be reasoned with who will msist 
that the audior of (be poCms on 'Against 
Hope ' and * For H<^ ' is * jostfy dishon- 
oured ' or save selT'Condeauaa^, described. 




u *K mitct whoM vena were but g>l- 
nniKd At the outeet, and unr aic long 
put All hope of levhml' (ebeu I ehea I that 
I mmt acclaim '£t tu, Bnitel'). I aiL the 
Reader to turn and tctum on theae brilliant 
little poenu in ataoctaticm with Craahaw'a ; 
and periiapa it will act ai a itimulua to to do 
to recall Archbishop T»och's ineatimable 
word* on them: — 

'Idbraaa hu jnitlj pnlied the ' nsetjiuUed 
lermitjr of timntun' diipUjed In thb poem tnd in 
it* pendftnt, AgainU Ncft. To etfinuoe atf the 
wooder of tbeai, thaj ihenld be nad ca^ in the 
l^jht of the othw, laKawtinnofwietcbedciitidHn, 
which AddiwQ hu G»Ued An Account eflht GrtaUtt 
Ettgliik PotU, there ii one eiceplioa to the ih^low- 
neu at blseneM of most of hb jndsinenu aboat 
them, namelr. In hit esdinmle of Cowlejp, wUdi li 
Buich hifha that that of the pieaent dar, thovqr 
NOT TOO BiOH ; wherein too he ha* well (cuad hi* 
meiit* and dcfecti, both of which thi* poem ei> 
empUGei ' (u befmre^ p. 407). 

Addison'i Unea I have bdbce quoted (page 
zzxii). Aa well hold as unworthj <tf recogni- 
tion the lowly daisy and all the aggregate of 
good and cheer it* pniw in our Englaad has 
been and is, aa refuse undying and unstinted 
' fame ' and gratitude to the poet who wrote 
/« praise of Hept and Agaitut Hopt; which 
smaU though they be^ in my judgment, ou^ 
weigh the entire btdk of 'The Pleasures of 
Hope ' (albeit Thomas Campbell i* not to 
be lowered from his niche in our great Temple 
of Song)i But exquintc alike in substance 
and form as are Hiese poems on 'U(q>e,' 
the; are, a* already u^ed, by no mean* 

I have placed in the outset of this half of 
roy Introducti<m (II. Critical) hi* great poon 
' To the Royal Society.' I use the word 
' great ' advisedly, not on impulse or in in- 
dignation with the Poet's despisers. No 
man, unless of the most absolute poetic 
genius and faculty, could have worked out 
this noble poem as Cowley has done. Will 
the Reader here also turn back upon it (pp. 

xxx.-zxxii.) and tnatk the Baconian wiadosn 
and wo^t of thought, the swift yet unma- 
takable charactoising touch, the wcaldk of 
Mggestive allusiao, the q>leBdid pomp of 
munc, the tnvolnte yet firmly-bound stmc- 
ture, and the light of patriotic fiutfa in and 
hope for the future of man, that lies all over 
it I again gladly further atmgtben my 
opinion from the ifi)M«4«U .^Mt ^.Aqjfiui 

' HaOam^ verdict ma^ be tree [already girai, page 
nxti]. Bat I *bo«l<t be diq>o««d to qseatioa the 
ainitlon, JBd^ing Cowley mei«l)> br iriMt he haa 
left behiod btiD. With « poen like thi* beftxe n^ 
■o fiill of thought, 10 fall of imagination, bciof in 
bet nothing len than the Grit book c^ the Nnmm 
Orgiauam tranafignred into poetry, we may well paoae 
bcAM« joHtnng to tha caodaaion thai hii ooo- 
tempoiuie* wen altocether wtook when they latSl 
him lo higUj a* they did.' . . . ' Hittoiically,' the 
Archbiihop continue* — 'Thii poem appeared int 
prefixed to Sprat'* Hittary tf tlu Rty^ Seciriy tf 
iMidiii, Itmioa t66it. Thoo^notpabUihedtiUthe 
year itty, thaytarof Coiriey'adcat^ the hook had in 
great pact been printed, u Spnt inlenu oi^ two yean 
befoie, which eiadty agree* with Giwley** rtatemeat 
here. The pontion which the poem thus occupied 
ooght not to be for^tten ; otbenme the encomium m 
Spnt*! /fin!H7 might «eem dntgged in widi no Miffidenc 
motivi^ or meraly ont of motiTca of private friend, 
■hip. Nor b the praiK at all lo eaag g w ated ai 
thote who know A4diaoo'i "tnnefnl prelate " only by 
hi* TOM mi^t (appo*& The book has consderablc 
merit*, and Johtiton tpcaki of it at in hii day itill 
keeping iti {daee, and being rewl with pleanre ' (u 
before pp. 411-ia.) 

He concludes : — 

■ Nocm'i fine (Mt fe ZV. Man, the Cambiidge 
Platoniit, ii fashioned too cloidy upon thti to obtain 
•11 the praite which, if only it were more original in 
conception and execution, it wonld abundantly 
deaire ■(>«.).* 

En passant — It seems to have been over- 
looked hitherto, that it was on the suggestioD 
of John Evelyn that Cowley composed bis 
address To Ifit RayalSocU^. Hts letter and 

I S«JciliiiN(nH-ioaltac«^FWBiailG«o*Ilaak«gfFalkr 



the Poefs answer have fortunately been 

pteaerred, and claim onr attention hm : — 

• T» AiraJUm CaitUy, Etq. 

'Voahad TcuMi to be utaoiih'd mt the prcnuap- 
tion, not to mne it ■Sroot, tlut I who have n 
bighlr celebrated recette, and ecTied it in otben, 
•honld become mn ■dTDcmte for the eDCmie, which of 
all othen it abhoin and fliei from. I conjure jon to 
believe j* I am itill of the nme mind, & that theie ia 
no p«noi) alive who do* moie honor and breathe 
tSaa the life and repoie joa so happilj cnltiTate and 
adoroe bjr }«ar example : Bnt la thoie who praji'd 
dirt, a fiea, and the gowte,' lo have I PiMiq Entity 
mmt in that trifling Em«7,' and that in lo weake a 
ttjle compar'd to my aniagoniitt, at t^ that alona it 
will appeaie I neither wai nor oonld be Mcion* ; and 
I hope you believe I ipeake my very aoole to yoa i 
bnt I have more to lay, which will require your 
fcindnwe. Soppooe oar good friend were pnblidiing 
■ome EuloKies on the Royal Society, and by dednc- 
ing the otiginall, progreue, and adTantagea of their 
'*'— "g"! wonld beipeake it aome venereticin in the 
world t Haa Mr. Cowley no ini[Mratioiu for it t 
Would it not hang the nott heroic wreath aboat 
Ut templei 7 Or can he deure a nobler or a foller 
Mgnment either far the wfteit airai ai the londed 
echoe*, for the imaatheat or briikett itrokea of kit 
Pindaric lyre? 

■ There be thoM who aake, What have the Royal 
SodetydoneP Where their Colledge ? Ineedenot 
imtivct yon how to answa or confound these per- 
•oni, who are able to make even these informe blocks 
«nd itones dannce into order, and chaime them into 
better sense. Or if their insolence presse, you are 
capable to shew how they have layd solid founda- 
tions to perfect all noble arts, and reforms all imper- 
fect sciencea. It reqnirei an history to redte oncly 
the arts, the inventus, and phOTomena already ab- 
solved, improved, or opened. In a word, om Rois- 
ters have outdon Pliny, PMta, & Alexis, and all the 
cxpcrimcntisti, nay, the grcM Ventan himselfe, ft 
have made a notder and more faithfnil collection of 
s, nsefon and instructive, than hu hitheito 
1 Library, a Repository, 
in assembly of al worthy h gieate penons as the 
rid has any ; and yet we are sometimes the subjea 

of satyr and the songs of drunkards ; have a Kii^ 
to onr founder, and yet want a hbecenas ; and above 
all a spirit like yours, to raise us up benefisctoi*, & to 
oompdl them to thinke the demgne of the Royall 
Society aa worthy their regnards, & aa capable to 
fmlulmf their name*, a* the most heroic enterprise, 
or any thing antiquity has cdebrated ; and I am 
•Ten amai'd at the wretchednewe of this age that 
acldiowledgea it no more. But the Devil who was 
ever an enemy to truth, and to tacb a* discover his 
prestigious effects, will never mfier the prooiotion 
of a designe so destructive to his dominion, which 
is to fill the world with impo«tni« & keepe it in 
ignorance, without the utmost of his malice and con- 
tradietiou. But yon have numbers and chaimes 
that can bind even these spirits of darknesse, and 
render their instruments obseqmous ; and we know 
yon have a divine hymne tor us ; the luster of the 
R> Soocty calls (or an ode from the best of poets 
vpon the noblest aigument. To conclude : here yon 
have a field to celebrate the grcate and the good, 
who either do, or should favour the most august and 
wwthy designe that ever was set on foot in the 
world I and those who are onr real patrons and 
Mends you can eternise, those who are not you can 
ctwdliale & inspire to do gallant thing*.— But I will 
add no more, when I have told you widi very greate 
truth that I am, 


' Avs* AhrahMit Ceal^ ta f. Evdjm, Etf. 

' I am aaham'd of y* rudeneve I have committed 
In deferring so long my homble thanks for y oblig- 
ing Irtter ir^ I received fromyow at y* beginning of 
y* ta*t mtmth : my lazineas in finishing y* copy of 
venc* vpon y* Royal Society, for w* I was engag'd 
belcKe by M' Sprat's desire, & enconrsged since by 
yow, was the cans of this delay, hnueing designed to 
scmd it to yow enclosed in my letter ; bnt I am told 
now yt y* Histny is almost quite printed, & wiU bee 
published so toon, y* it were impertinent labour to 
write out y* w^ you will so suddenly see in a bettv 
manner, and in y* company of better things. I conld 
not comprehend in It many of those excellent hint* 
w^ yow wera pleas'd lo give mee, nor descend to 
the praises of paiticalar persons, becaus those things 
aSbord too much matter for one copy of verses, and 
enough for a poem, or the History itself : tome part 
of w=* I have seen, & I think yow will bee very well 
satisfied wt*i it. I took y* boldness to show him yr 
letter, & hee say* he has not omitted any of tbme 

dbyGoot^le __ 



head*, tbonj^ hM wuti )« eloqaeli* in eipn«lo& 
Since I iMid r* hoMMr (a ncrfic frttn 70W 7* Rfdf 
to * book written tn | ir «tn of atoHaiy Ufa,' I WM 
■ent kU about j* twara In nln to eel )* «Mfeor, 
harcinc *«Tr iHeh aAcdOD for I* MMect, «A % 
one of the nobleM MHtrovcnic* bath ttotell and 
ancient, ft 70a have adt m iM^.j^i^'jmxtA.yVMtj, 
ai maket Ua deMire to bee iMti'd alter. But 1 
eonld not meet «* btn, tlw books beln( all, ltantt% 
either tmnt or bontht up. tf yo« pleu to do nee 
J* fkfoar to lend it to met^ ft wnd ft l» arf hntben 
hoDi (y* WM) in the KinC* Yaxd, tt AaU bee ic 
tnm'd to pnr if«^ a lllw da^ w« jr* hiMble thank* 
of jFf moil fiiithfid] otiedioil ten*, 

' A. C»WLBT." 

Other ' enduring ' tbingi har« thiu iat 
been given ; but IcKving tb«te to the Readcr'a 
gracious re-itnd)r, t adranct in my claim fbr 
Cowley, by accentuating the imerring aum- 
maiy estimate at him by Pope — for he has 
put his finger on that one thing that Iwldt 
in it his 'eMduring' bmt, Hnvlng'-HU of 
necessity repeatedly quotwl — exctkimtd, 

■ Wbo now rcMb Cowky r If be pleaaa rat. 
Hit moral pltaiea, not hit pointed wit. 
Forsol hli ^ric, naj Pindaric art" 

Yet, he adds — 

'YelitlU, weloTC tbe iai^piace of fait heart.' 

I have not seen it anywhere asked, wiiat 
POPK meant by 'the language of his hesit' 
But I imagine that Sir Philip Sidney long 
ago anticipates the answer, when his Muse 
charges him in his yua. effMts to utter out 
his yearaiag towtodt Stella, bo )ong«r to 
' study inventions fine ' or ' tatning <rf oAtoi 
leaves ' but 

' Foole . . . hMke m nnr reabt and wttia^' 

Those poems, which were the outcome of 
his heart, m which iateUeaand inugiDatioii 
wrought through his afiectioits, aie hi* most 
'enduring.' In this deputment of out 
poedcal literature, I pronounce Cowley to 
hold a wiiqMt place, t cannot think of a 

I Sir G*«i* Hackouii'i ' Uenl Eoaji spoa Snliniifa, jn- 
Antes It 10 Public EaploTBeii^' ftc \€bi. 
• DiMy, »«c, of K»«lTii imtL. »>»>, ™l Bt fp. M9-5I. 

•ecobd to be Kuned JdoHg' iHth kim; M 
Zfoto standi aput In Um gMer^ pons^ 
of this class of Ea^sh poetry, this is no 
ordinary distinction To b^n with, I take 
th« poem simplr btwkd 'Oa the tfesath of 
Mr. CraahaW.' 2 place it hen in fhll t— 

Hm two DM«I ancnd NaMB of Eank a^ Hoavea, 

The hard and ranat Union which cu be 

^cit that of Godboad with Hiiownilie. 

I'ODg did tba Mums, baniiht Skve* abides 

And buHi vain pjrramldi to moital pride ; 

Like Uotei ibon Jtbonili Spelb and CliWiiB MthaOBd) 

Ah wretched We, Mwb ef Bmh 1 btti TIkm 

W« tJtkt. the Mint Met Mtefa dtoa-rt No*. 

White A<^ib rfna to the* ikato ^Ttt d^N. 

And j<V h ■> MPJenaa wgnM at ttUI t 

E^Ml aodatr with ihoM W helix 

Tboa aaadM not nake nnr Sonp, bu aar the OM. 

And Ib^ (Uod Spiriu I) )ban aU t^oke to lea 

How little leu tha tber, Eulted ""■ nny bee. 
Still the old Heathen Gods In Numben dWell. 
The HeavenHest thine on Earth ttSl keeps op HeD, 
Kor ha«; we y« qufle "pai^ the Christian I«od ; 
9tni Idoti hen, She C>We« at BetU itand. 
And thmgb nu'i Deuh Ung Wes all Or^to bmk^ 
Vet «U in R^n* the PMM ApUM <pMkt r 
Nar, with the want «f HMhM «M4* W* 
. (Vain Hen I) iha Uoumw, Wonan, Deifei 
Find SMia, and tj* mt tmm lb«« in « FMfc 
And paradlae In tben. br whan w« bet H, rtecft 
What dlFient builu compt onr UoiM Ihut ' 
WamoQ as Glrla, as Old Wirea, Fabolou 1 
Th; ipoUeu Mute, like Mary, did contain 
The booDdten Godhead ; she did well disdain 
That her eternal Verse emplo/d ihoold be 
On a leu Sutject then EtErsltle ; 
And fcr a Mcred HUnu aeont'd 10 take, 
ftit ber whom Oed bhnnlf UBcU'd not Ul Spooe to 

It fin a UndJ her MiiMde «d dq I 

A Fraittnl UotlMT Wm, a«4 Viixin Smx 

I How weU (Usat Swan) did Fato«antitM «hr DMtfa, 
And made thee raidv op thjp iiaiidrf teealh 
In thy great Miitreaa'Anu? lha« «aat difta 
And licbett Oflferinf of Lorttto'a ShriM 1 
Where like some hi^r SaoiSce t' eipke, 
A Feva bmns thee, and Lora Ughu tbe Fb«. 
ADgeli (thej wKfy bron^t the baud ClMippd iboe. 
And bore the aaered Load in Triumph thro' ibe aire. 
Tli sorer much the)' broncht thee thera, and "Viaj, 
And Thou, ibdr chiu|e, went ^a^mi all the vaf. 



Rvdoi^ nijDoclMr dnvdif if 1 coombA 
Tinl AD(dli led bim wben boat thee be wcat \ 
For er'n in Eiror nm do Du(w 1* 
Whmjojn'dwitliwDudi PtetjaiHit. 
Ah, m%fat]r Ood, with ihuM I ipMk'l, awl pM 
Ah (llM our (TaatcM FuilU woe in Belief 1 
A>d oo' weak ReBMD were ersn «eBlMt JM, 
Rubs then thui oui Willi too uioDg lor it. 
Hli Faith pedtap* In loiiie nice Tenenti might 
Bewraaci liaUfa, rBma. wwbi tta«il|b|. 
A>d I nraeV K CmMU «1U be, ' 
So far at lea« gnal SatM, to najp M tlxa. 
Ilin miilliliM|ilaill iiaiiiMii III II 1 mill II 
Ob m. the FWK UBikM b4Mrl 

Aracqs'ed ^ Bviyi wA br I|MiMnek 
BMtak'4 br BmMV, Ml— J -by DirirM; 
Eipoi'd br T)Tairt-Lo*e to nnfe Beam aod Flrei, 
Hkm than lov eaiA la DObtn nainei diilit tIk, 
And, Ae Eiqafa. BMiini AUve the «klt«. 

iniJM Ifti flwil Willi a aliJ M li 1) III. 

Man Ot thr Qnkmtm, and my LtttlcneM) 
Lo bcfe I bee, (I wbem (bon onoe cHdM prote 
So hnmble to ml win, ao good to Lore) 
Not (bat Ihr S|)iril ^gfai on me DodUed be, 
1 aA bat AojCthy ml(hty 9|Ait tor Ha. 
AbA wtai mif Hue aoan with ao «ran( a WIii(, 
Twin leam of thh^ DMne, and fint (rfTbca to fing.' 
(VoL I. p. M&) 

I shall require to retuni on this incom- 
parabte msmorial-poem to note how Fope 
remembered (some may uy mis-remembered 
it), bnt independent on drcomstance, where 
is there tribute for miUter or manner more 
pofta ? Second — if taken altogether it be 
aecoad — to this, ia that ' oa the Deatfa of 
Mi. William Hervey ' which, poetically and 
/biop^ihically, is simply i»icelesa. It too 
most be rapradnccd in full i~~ 
• It «af a dbmal and a ftnftiJ nlffat ; 

Searoe could te Mom drira oD th' nswilUiiK Light, 
Wben Sleep, Deaths Image, left mj troubled bresi 

I^ aunethink Uker DeaUi poseat. 
Hj eye* with Ttazt Ad uncoDimaDded flow, 

Aad OB mj Sool buns the 4ull wdght 

Of ecoie iDlolenble ^e. 
Wht« Bd wai that ? Ah me 1 Too much I know. 
Mr iweet Companion, and mr gentle PeCTe, 
Whr ban tboa Irft me tbu nokindcly ben, 
Tbj«>d lor ent, aniJLmy Life lo moan? 

O ihou hail left vie all alotie I 
Tbr Soul and Body, when Death's Agonie 

BeilEged around thy Noble HeaR, 

Did not with more rcJuotaBce pert 

TbcB Ii TO dearest Fpatd, do jait from Thee. 

Uy dearest Mend, would I bad djed lOr thee 1 
Life and thli world henoefofth will tedioui be. 
N<r (ball I know lia«iA« what u da 

If once my Gtiafa piora Mdloua iq» 
SDeni and Sad I walk eboK aU imf. 

A* Milleti (Uwau 

Alaa, my Traeane 'a (OM. wtv ilo I Mv ' 
He wai my MbmL the tnwM VMead eat eaitb ; 
A Mraog and mightr UOnenoe iofa'd our BIrtb. 
Nor did we aafy the moal iMtndlafl Naiae 

Br Frtandihip glren ofold i» Fwc 
NoK bat hli Braihnn tat, nd Sieien haew. 

Whom the kind Voelk peeiM'd lo ICa ; 

And eren in that we did ^^e^ 
For rnndi ebme ^ self 1 loVd that toe. 
Say, for ya« mw (m, ye kamonal Ughia, 
How oft unwaeried tere we ipeat tbe NtfhU ? 
Tin the Ledaean S(M« eo Faeaed fcr Love, 

Woodred at ui from abore^ 
We ipoit then not is toyi, ia IbMi, or wine ; 

Bnl aearch of deep PUhwopliy, 

Wit, EloqnaMe, and PeWT I 
Ana which I kned li> tbey, vj Fileod. wcr Thiee. 

Ye Fteldi of Camhridge, OH 4ear CamfarMge Mr. 
Hare ye not MB HI walUiV ***T diV ' 
Wat th«a a Tne about wUdi did net know 

Tbe Love betwbl «t twa) 
Heoosfortb, ye gentle T>ea(, far «(S Ua ; 

Or yonr aad Ekaadiet tbkker iorn^ 

And Into ilartwmw ihaAM ecoUie : 
Deik at the Gim>e whvAi My Priead it laid. 
Henceforth v learned Yoolbi beneath rou Sing, 
■Hn all the nmcAil Birdi to your bowi they bring i 
No tonefnl Birdi play with tbtir wonted idkMi, 

AndeaU the learned Youth to bear : 
No whiMUiV ^^"di through the glad branchM By, 

But an with aad lolBwiItie, 

Uatea* tliearaTe whetdn mr Friend doaly. 
To fabn mr Hum made haMa with evtiy Hrais 
WhUtt it was new, aad wwm yd from the Bnio. 
He loved my wonhlcM Rhymea, and like a Fnand 

Would finde out •omcthlng to coramend. 
Hence, now, my Uuae, Aou GMtM not me delight ; 

Be this my latest vetM 

mtb which I iM>w adon hi* Hceee, 
And thla my Gilef, wiUiout thy help, shall wiit^ 


I that fkmrlihlng honour BOW ; 
It to the Fhn, and }oy to bear 
c and crackle there. 
'. Bays, crown with sad Cypress me ; 
Cypress which Tombs doei beautifie ; 
Not Phmbns grieved so ouich as 1 
■ hhn, who first was made that moumfid Tre« 

dbyGoot^lc ^^ 



tt hit Soul ; M largB ■ mo) m «n 

tonn ■ Body hoe. 

High u tba Place 'twu iborllr ta HMTcn to hsM. 

Bwlow, •BdhoniUeMbltanra. 
So hifh that an the Vbioa dm* did mom 

So low thM ftor ma IM II m«d« A laooM 
He iconk'd dri* boria w«rid below, and all 
Tliat w*. Utaukea Uonala, Plaanav caO ; 
Wm sn-d wltli famocam OaUanttr aikd Trath, 

Tttamphaiil «m the riDi of Vomh. 
He Eke the Scan, towUdtheiwwIisaiie, 

Thai thloe with baam* Uke Flaroe, 

Vei bom not wilh the lame, 
Had an Ibc Light e( Voiub, of the PIk MM. 


tn «udi B tboit MonaUtlet 
Wbeaera thcddlAiI Yvutk diaoMint or writ, 

Still did the Notioni thranf 

About hit eloquent Tonng, 
Nor eoold hit loli flow faitv ibta hi* Wh. 
So Mioog B vnt did Naton (o him frame. 
As all thingi but bll Judfemeat ora ^am e ; 
His Judgement like the He»Tenlj Mood tfld (bow, 

Temp' ring that migfatj Sea bdow. 
Oh bad he lived In Learnluc'i Worid. what bomid 

Would have been able to coDtronl 

Mil over-poweri^c Soul t 
We bave loM In him Aiti that Mt fH an A«*A 

Hi* Mirth wai the pure Spiriti of nrioiu «m, 
Vet Dcrer did bis God or Friends forget. 
And when deep talk and wisdom cauM in vtew. 

Retired and gare to them Ihelr due. 
For tlw rich help of Books he alwaji look, 

Tboogfa h» awn leaiElilng mind before 

Wai 10 wilb Notioni written ore 
Ai if wise Katore bad made that bar Book. 
So manr Vbtnes joyn'd In him, a* we 
Can acaroe pick here and there In HlKcxle. 
Moie then old Writen' Practloe ere could reach, 

As much as they could erer lead). 
These did Rdigion, Queen of Virtues, (wajr, 

And ail Ihdr sacred Motions sleare ; 

Just Uke the First and highest Sphtere 
Whkb wheels about, and turns all HeaTcn o&e wi 
With as much Zeal, Deration, Plette. 
He always Lived, as otha Sabits do Dye. 
Still wilh his soul severe Account he kept, 
' Weeping all Debts out, e'er he slept. 
Then down in peace and Innocence bo laj, 

Like the Sun's l^iorious light. 

Which stiU in Water sets at Night, 
Unsullied with bJsJooniejr of the Dbt- 

Woodron* young Man, why wot tbotl eude so good. 
To be vaieht hence en better tmdentood 7 
SaaiA bdom ball of Thee enoagh was seen I 

Tbou Ripe, and yet thy LHe bat Qrecn I 
Nor caold tbjr Friends take their but sad nuTweS. 

But DangB and Infectloiii I>ath 

MabtkMisly sels'd on that fteath 
When Life, siirit. Fleasare ahrays ns'd to dwelL 

Bat bqif^ Than, ta'ne from tUl keutki age I 
When Ignoraaoe and Hypoeitsle doea rage I 
A filler tbne far H»«d no tool ere duse, 

Tbe Plao* MW ondy free from tboae. 
There "nKinit Ibe Blest thoa dosi for enr ddne, 

Andwbensocn tboa can thy view 

Upon Ibat wtaile and radiaat cnw, 
Set^st not a Soal doatb'd willi mote LIgfat then Tbiae. 

And If the (Vxioni Sainta caaaa Ml to know 
Hidr wretobed Friend* who Bgbl with Life bdow ; 
Thy Flame to Me does BtHI Ibe same abide, 

Ondy more pare and nuifyed. 
Tbvewfallii Immottal Hymns iboa doM nbcn^ 

Tboa doit with holy pity see 

Oar dull and earthly Poeale^ 
Wbcre Oriel aod Misery can be Joyn'd with Voie. 

(Vol L pp. Mi-a.) 

Of * diffcROt make and colouring, but in 
parti at least co-equally valuable, are the 
lines ' On the Death of Sir Heniy Wootton,' 
thus:— ' 

' What sfaan a« av, siDDi sfleal aow i* He, 
Wbo when be spoke, all thli^ would SOeat be? 
Who Iiad 10 many Ijjigoage* la More, 
TlMt vuAj FauM (hall *p«ak of him in More I 
Whom gjighiMt aow no more retura'd must lee ; 
He '■ gaae to Heaven on hi* Fonrtfa Ambante 
On earth he travdl'd often i not to say 
H' ad been abroad, or pestle loose Time away. 
In wtutsoeva' l^nd be dianc'd to oome. 
He read the Hen and Hanncn, hrlngiag beast 
TbA ^ladom. Learning and Ibdr Pielie, 
Ai if be went to Ceoquer, not lo Soe. 
So wdl be understood tba most and Ixat 
Of Toagoaa that Babd aeat into thotWett, 
Spoke llwm ao truly, that lie bad (yon 'd swear) 
Not oaly Lived, bat beoi Bom ev'ry when. 
Juitl; each Natioa'l Speech to him was known, 
Wbo for the Wodd was made, not us aloie. 
Noroagbltlie Language of that Han be less 
Who in hi) Braait had all tfahlgi to ezprcas. 
W* say that Leaiahig '* ettdl***, aikd blame F^ile 
For not allowing LUe a longs Date. 
He did the atmo«t Bound* of Knowledge finde. 
He found them not so large as was his Uinde. > 
But, like Ibe brave Pellafao Youth, did mooe 



And wlMtt b« «■» ttatf bs tfanagb all had put. 
He djod, lot be fboold Idle grow at btt.' 

(Vrf. L pp. 13(^7.) 

Sorel/ from a boy in hit earl; teens this 
is moat remarkable, and all the more in- 
teresting, in that the dose reminds lu of hit 
fiiend CrashaVs muaculous account of the 
Music-Duel? — 

Oitm Praym tfPmlry 

WhTR lka« an man to read, t 

WiMn que Aan OMka ibe kMlBg bnai 

Aad caM the Pyraadi* away. 

BoaMwne? wbea TTtrmrimiiOrfittaWht 

Hii Lfra; BOd fentlj on It MTOoln : 
Tbe leaned Monaa came AudBs an akmg. 

And kept tinie to (be cbarnbic tanK. 
Vnth amSekllpMX the WaiUke Kmt, 

TV Elmt, and hit wM the/^' AafiM, 
Wkh an iba bMter tieee^— wbkli s*!* had Mood 

VBMon'd, IWKi o tt tbdr iMthe wood. 
The LwneO to ttaa /^p«^f bMtd did bow, 

Cn*tnc the boaov of bii bnnr. 
And e*KT torlac ansa embrao'd, and aade 

And JAmi of the place, we thoe : 
Who wboi tbdr UKle wiodpipBi Iba; had famtd 

^^wqaaU 10 eo Mraafe * eoimd, 
O'reooBe bf art and griefa thar dU explM, 

And MI upea tbe coaqneriBC Ljrre. 
Hqipr> A bamqr tlMy «haae lorabe might bee, 

itoMuba, caried b? (bee I' 

{nu. p. 49, ooL a.) 

ETen ib^fdrntaOigiucS the poem which so 
far huts i^ ■ To the Lord Falkland ' (VoL I. 
page 136), has a strange power in it With 
reference to Mr. Thomas Humphrey Ward's 
scarcely pardonable critictsm and question 
— * Wlut are we to say (rf die poUdcal image 


imder iritich, with elephantine humour, he 
pretends to complain of Falkland's too great 
learning? — 

" How could be aniwcr't, If the State uw fit 
To qneMloo a moDopolj of wit," ' (a) betoe, pt aj^, 

good Bishop Huid has fore-given the 
answer — * To question a monopoly of wit 7 
As it had done many other monopolies. 
The allmion is not sd {ar-Jetched as it 
■eems' (Works, as before, L 163.) 

Granted to the same critic, that Cowley's 
sdence is somewhat and-poetical ; yet is it 
a conceit eDgrandeured, to fetch &om the 
'divers species' that 'fill the air' but 
' nrither crowd nor nix confusedly there ' 
a heli^ symbol for the vast variety of 
intellectual and moral endowments in Falk- 
land; while beneath the conceit it it a 
soteworthy thing how unhurtingly — 
' BeaMJ, HaoMi, Tna, and Men toplber \jt 
Vet enter imdlfltnib'd Into tbe Eje.' 

I content myself now with the Dryden- 
like dose — 

' Sndi It the Han rtem WD leqidn. the Nme 
We Int ll» Nonh ; antancfat ai b U* E^me^ 
He it too good Idc War, and ooght to be 
Ai far from Dancw, at boa Feat be 'a AcB. 
Tboae Uen airae (ud tboaa an narfbl lo^ 
Whoie VbIoid li Iba ooAf Art Ibqr h*aw. 
Wen (or tad War and blood; Bwndi bom : 
Let lliaii the State ddoid, and He adorn.' ^ 

(Vol 1. ^ i3il 
' There are other poems belonging to the 
class of memorial-elegiac, which exemplify 

« sZr tlu ciuloH of ChuW IIh Hnfl 
csmt n* ud u would b* apiiceml br ■ =■» <^ nitiM. If 

bin tbcir cuilDtitT in put fntttsd, br nmfaii M two niuffc- 
•U* l«t« of Ladr L^cMb aad L«td Xotat Sptoow, hi dM 
coPtimi of lb* SMmt vtfvt, nL iL |i 47* iiiil pi Ml' 
(jnk. ils9,L x6it. To toot idolM«t ofthc'BHtri' ki^ 
ptrhipa tbm littwt i^^ tam a* mjtupiam. TIm rrf- 
doc* li eowpltM ud i n a iTin i^ b h thai Cberiw 1. vu m 
ImpDn ^m. Uilica did DM tvmk wltbew bwvkclc*. It 

tarlcal nah lad litht. CnodMn ef Ak U^ bin iwaa 
Met of te ■iiaoillihiiwefiaa wiA 

dbyGoot^lc -■ 


' th« lugaage of fait heut,' but thcM noit 
rtpre««irt flU. I caiuMt copotift my one 
really mutering these poems wiAoui beiag 
'led captive' by them asd holding then as 
of those that neva can die. Loti bu had 
so much devoted to it tfuU of^e rejmcea 
over nich poignant and tnuucepde&t cele- 
bnUioM of FsuKDSHiP, at once deligfitfiil 
poetry and 9xq,uinte apd bnlliaot in voA- 
manship, inteUe<^ and imsgiparinn being 
interfused by aflection and sorrov- 

Of a difliETeDt but also of a bi^ aiid 
'enduring' order, come 'The Motto^' the 
' Ode of Wit,' ' Friendship in Absenqe,' and 
the alieady-given 'Chnuiide' (page lix). 
The whole of these belong to his 'Uis- 
cellanies,' which in Johnson^ words, 'con- 
tains a c(dlectioa of short compositions, 
written, some as the? were dicta^ by f 
mind at leisure, and some as they were 
called forth by different occaaons; with 
great varied of style and sentiment, from 
burlesque Writy to awfiil grandeur ; such an 
assemblage of diveruficd excellence as no 
other poet has bitheito afftirded ' (as before, 
p. 34). I hare named thesb four in this 
collection, though quite agreeing with the 
Moralist that ' 10 choose the best among 
many good, is o»e of the most haurdons 
attempts of criticism' {ii.). Of the first — 
apparenUy overlooking its beading of ' The 
Motto ' — Dr. J^nsoD writes, ' I will venture 
to recommend Cowley's first piece, which 
ought to be inscribed "To my Muse," for 
want of which the second couplet is without 
reference. When the title is added, there 
will still remain a defect ; for eveiy piece 
ought to contain in itself iristever is nscoBsary 
to make it intelligible. Pope has some 
epitaphs without names ; which are therefore 
epitaphs to ; be let, occupied indeed for the 
present, but hardly appropriated ' (it. p. 35). 
Of the second, the samecritic observes — 'The 
Ode of Wit is almost without a rival. It was 
about the time itf Cowley that W&, whidi 

had been tSl then used for AMttlfiOT, in con- 
tn^distinction to tf^ took the meaning, what- 
ever it be, which it now (1779) bears' («(.). 
These poems I venture to ask the student- 
Reader to 'kwv),' and so they must End — 
save the last — a place here successively ; — ' 

' WbU riiall I do to tM Ibr crcr kaowww 

And oMke ths Afa 10 eeoa nr owM ? 
I ilnll UkB Beuuar Cmowjb ftoyla <y, 

UnkMs JOB wiiM wtaM BkBT 1 
WhUit otbMi cifM by batai bona as 90WM ; 

Tbdi MoUnt'i labam. doi tbi^ewM. 
In thii So*)* Gold, In tb' «*> FWm doM tr •' 

Ttaa wngfai of itaw n 

UafMK Alps Mop MW^' bat 1 1e a 

HsDca. an jt fhttatiic Vuid« Oatl^ 

Nca «f Kmm ia ths w. 
Henoa. tha dntn of Otaaan cr BMaw ; 

And aU tte ii Mt abow XWe. 
H«M«, Lova bbnadfe, ifaat Tgrnatof a^DqMa, 

WUcb inncepu UT coni^ naiaa. 
Coma mj baM Ftleiida, tf BMktK and kMl ■■ on : 

Tli tlma ilHt I ««c cone. 
Wctoome. giaM SncUK and teadi ma anr 

AllI wu bmw to kasw. 
TTir Scbolai'i WoMriei tlmi doaat br oot-dM ; 

He wnqnmd tb' E«tta..lbBi|rholawatId]>o(i. 
Wdoonw iNun'd Oowo, wboaa Uoat -naCBi and Wl 

PrcMtvti Rmm'i OrtatnaatB ft. • 
Thou an thaflntof Or'tuni W]t bee 

Who baM «aa (najaa tfaM. not nadt b«e. 
Wslcome Uw HHUMn Smb, W(^ tewlM 1 

Wboae ^taaa wBlkia UsbBK, but not flki i 
Who bronchi dCan Pa^ to hvpat«El afa. 

And nnd'il ibM An. vUcb ■■« m Itaca. 
Tell mee, yaa mifhty Titeta, n^mx ila/Hil doa 

To be like oas of:rolI^ 
Bol TOn hnve ctbsb'd the Moantaine'i top, there ril 

On the calme OouiiihlBC bead of it. 
And whUtt with veuied ta^ we bpwaid goa, 
, 9w ni, and Cloudi bcloWL' [^oL I. p. )]$-) 

Next :— 

TAiOittm WU. 
•Tdline,Owa. whaUndeoftUmb WU, 
Ttaon who J/<uterMtaf it. 



F«r tbe Fbtt Mann tarm Vaii«tr Ian ; 
Loi WaaMn lote 't, dthet in Love oc Droi. 
A thomand diffaml ibi^Ki jl bean, 
. CodwIt in Ihoiuaod ibspet Kggtaa, 
VonSa we ww it pluo ; uul here 'tis noW, 
Like S^U in > nue, we know not How. 

LoBdoB IhM *CM« «f kbe Wera M Biidi Mm 

In no Wen dBodrca m mora. 
For uca led b; Ibe Coloiw, and tlw Shape, 
lila Zedn^ Bfadi, flj (o dw palmud iSi^ ; 

Soow thinsi do tbrou^ our Judcsmeet paM 

A( throoffa a Maltipljring dan, 
And KHWtiinei. if tbs Object be too br, 
We take a fitlUnc Udeor f or a Star. 

Hanee tii a Wit that gmtol word of Fame 

Onnn neb a common Name, 
And Witt by oDT CnsUoo thet become, 

TbaotaTale. ^MOtaJaM 
Admir'd wkta I«a|lMr at a taut. 

Nor Bond "ndk wbk^ tan ttaR TMb iidn ; 

Tbe Ptwb of Wit (or «nr mntf nmaln. 

TIa not to force iniie liMen Vena maat 

With ttidrfiiw Kowtf Feet. 
An erecr where, like Han'^ mn«t be the Soul, 
Al^ R«aioo ttM Inferim- Powen cootronl. 

No 'Fmnw or Hon 

Tm tia dW to Mien, and gOd (Mh |tet : 

Tfaai rimn laen Com, ilwD an. 
'Jewds at Na«e end Llpa bw ffl appear ; 
Kaiher (hen all thingl Wit, let'noDc be lba«. 

Senna Lighu will not be leea. 

If these ii nothing elie between, . 
Hen doubt, beoaote thej Hand lo think i' tb' Sky, 
If thoae bt Star* whkh paint tbe Galaile. 

*T1f not wtien two like words make np one nolle ; 

JeM Icr Dnlch Men, and English &ojt, 
In wtaidi «1m> finds otu Wtt, tbe wik mar *» 
In Anagrenu and Acrostlquea, Poetrie, 

Uodi leu can that have aaj place 

At which a Virgin Uda b<r foce ; 
Svdl t)ross the Fire mnit pnrg« away ; "dt jost 
The Antbor binsb, there where the Reader muiL 

Tb not Rdi Unei aa ahnoit entk die Stafs, 

When Ba)aset begins to t«ge. 
Nor a tan Metapbor tn lb' Oxford way, 
Nor the drf ddp« ^ Aoit-hinged Seneca. 

And force aome odd SfanOitttde. 
Whu la It (hen, whieh Bka the Power DMne 
WeOD^caBh] " 

In a tin place of Wk aU tUnga m«H b« 
Vet all things tb«n Mtv. 

As ia the Ark, iojn'd without force or itifc 

AU Creatures dwelt i all Cmatve* that bwl LUn 
Ot a* the Prtmllire Fonni of aU 
(If we eompar* great tblogs with loall) 

Whidi without Discord or Conliiiion lie, 

In that sttaoie Mirror of the DeMe^ 

la On* Man ^ oat ef Two, 


I look 70a fcr my irif a 

"nut you In a^ iMng wen to be TngbL 
Conect mjp error with thy Pea : 
And If anj ask me then. 
What thli« ilgfat Wit. and hdght of Oeniua tl, 
I 'H ooely shew roar Lines, and tay, TU this.' 

(VoL I. pp. 135.6.) 

PrituiiUf tm Ahmet. 
' Wliea cbance or cruet BuilneH parts ns two. 
Wfant do Mr Souli I wonder do? 
^Wl•t dNp dose onr dull Bodtet de, 
HetUnkt, at bnne thejr shoold not n^. 
Content with Dieams, but boldly flic 
'^iroad, and meet each other half tbe way. 

Sure (hey do meet, enjoy each other there. 
And tair I know not How, or Wbcm, 
llMfa'Meddly Ligtns togethv twJiMk 
Tlnugh we percdn 't not to be n. 
Like loring Stan which oft combine, 

Vit not dwnnelTea their 01 ~ 

Twwe an m World, m swear, for er'iy Mend, 
If Distano* ooold tbdr Unfan end : 
Bu Lore It self does (nr adnnce 
Abai« (he Pow'r of Time and ^aoe ; 
It leant Hd aaiwvd Onmmstuioe, 

Hta Tlme% Ibr net, sf'ry wbae Us Plnoe; 

I am ibs« with Thee, yet here wltb'Ue Tbon art. 
Lod^d la each oth^'s Heart. 
Mliades cesse not yet tn Low; 
When lie Us mlglity niwv 4III tty. 

Pure ti the flame of Friendship, and dltine 

LAe thai which In Heaven's Sun does dilne ; 
Uke he Id lb' upper ayr and sky 
Does no dTecti of Heat bestow. 

Ho begets Wtmtb, Ub, Beancy ban bdenr. 

FHtsdiblp Ulen apparent wh« im n%b. 
Like Obfeets, If thqr totKb di« Eye. 
LcM'Meillorioai Ukn b Lot^ ' 
Vte wkan wtf Frianda MgeHM na 
Ba nub, an sdcli Baib Om d9 !««*«, 

TIM llMb Lore ifaBMawbM'Srit-Umto be. 




Eadi Dqr tUak OB me. and CHh n^ I *d 

Par tbae aake Houn CuoBkaL 

By er^ Wind tlwt «o»m till* my. 

Send nw M Imm a ilffc or two ; 

Such aad eo nwiir III Kpar. 
At diall ilMniid*ea iMke Wind* lo |el M TOO. 
A ibiMMDd pretijr w»y% well thlok npoa 

To mod onr Separatioa. 

AIM, ua tboBMUtd win Ml do i 

Ujr Heart win thai DO looftr M17, 

No looftr 'IwUl be kept from foo. 
Bnt knock* t^an the BreiM to fit tmaj. 
And when no Art mSurO* me bdp or ewe, 

I leek with Ttne mr gric& t' *ppeMe. 

Jut u a Bird that Biei about 

Aih3 beau II Mir agalail tbe Cafe, 

nndlng at laM no paaa^e oat. 
It lit* and linci, and lo oeecome* It* laga.' 

(/«* p. w) 

Of a Btill more diverse kind, imUiiig in it 
all of hij beat qualidei if alio someiriiat 
injured hj conceits, is his Hymn to Ligh^ 
tban whidi surely there is very little in otir 
poetical literature worked out more subtlely 
or with more restiabed simpleness of gran- 
deur. I acquiesce in Aichbish<q> Trench's 
critidsm, and would now quote it as explain- 
ing why I place before the Reader his Grace's 
selection rather than the complete poem, 
albeit in omitted stanxu there are noble 

*I bare teken the Ubertr' eayi the Arcbfaithop, 
'of omittiBg nine [oght only] odI erf the tweDty.di 

bdiere that it ha* jrained much bj the otuinioD. 
The tdue that a poor Hania U not merelj do gain, 
bnt a leriooi injmy, to a poem, waa wA CowleT** ; 
tlUl let* that wiUingncu to lacriGce paiti to the eflect 
of the whole, which induced Gray to leave oat a 
atann, in itself at ezqoiiite ai an/ which remain, 
Srom hii Eltgy; which led Milton to omit from the 
Spirit'* Pri>iegu4 in Cmati dileen glorioat Unei itill 
to be aecn in the original Hss. at Cambridge, and 
hoTing been often reprinted in the notea to later 
cditiona (rf hit Poem*,' (a* bdore, p. 410]. 

His Grace, on IL 45-561 adds : — 

■Jcdmsoo ha* laid, niging the immmir inqnove- 

ment In mccfaaniim of Engliih veitc which we owe 

to Drjden, and the little whkh had l>een done before 

hun, "if Cowl^ had Mmetime* a finithed line, be 

bid h by duuKft" Lei Diyden have an tlie tMaonr 
wUcfc la }nitl)' hit due, bat not at the etp e u ae of 
othoa. There are doobtloM a few weak and poor 
line* in thii poem eren a* aow pmented, but wbtt 
a mnldtnde of othen, tbeM twelve (or eunple, 
wiOont a lingle eiceptioa, of perfect gnux and 
beaaty, and aa tatirfyiBf to the ear at to the mind,' 

Now fet tiie Reader gire himsdf up to 
tbe stately music-ensphered march of this 
Hymn: — 

FVom the old Nigrv'i daibooie womb t 

Whldi when it ww the lovely Child, 
TliB melaiidiolr Han put on kind look* and tmU'd. 
Tboo Tide of OlotT, wMob no Real doM kMW, 

BoieTsEbb, and am Flow I 

Tboa Ootdoa Aowec of a trae Tnw / 
Tilliii lima In Ihwi iImiiwiiI. anil Haar^ 10 EatA i^fce 


I Ibl IHutl ' {ft.t. 

I (mlw I do BM iH tlH ArcUhhoi/i diScuttr. T¥a 
IMV, Af., IB Dr. PhUp DHlMdcCt lo* hru ^- 
'GnaiOadt n ilng Ou mlfhtr hud 
Br which w ui/ya l ai idU «■ Baad.' 

Wh« ' Ow Hilps ' ii dctnad bf 'Cod'fncuelyu 
BiiB(rd ' ii defined h? 'tJiht.' Tnu diu H with CowIct Iha 
coiBtrwnioa bat not been IDud. and dia DiK bu b«da Tuicia^ 
IiiJiit*! 1b th( Kjmm Beob 'Osr Bilpa, God Ib lAoa wa 
BUI' (Bd 'Out Ilslpar God, in •rbsm »« InA' Sot Dod- 
diid(n hisMlf wnta and pnnctutKl, 

*ODt Helps, God, in wbi^ « tniM' 
= Oar Hdps— God-lB when n out. Sa mX-u^in&j 
Cowkf mnDI bii liae u be nad ' Of cctlooj* BUngfd, LtiMi 

the coBtaxt of ' iMiiriiin Uhe,' lae ost (HiHHiial Indei nndtr 



817 ftoM «tMt OoMca Qnt*«* of tbe Sfcj, 

Da an 111; wliffad Amnn By ? 

SrtftnM Md pCHWr by Birth «te thtoe ; 
Ftam ihr cnM Slra tbey cane, ttajr Sin tlM ««rd 

Upon tl^ wtdient Arm the Oavdy Hmt'dI; Bmr. 
Swift as Uitrt, Hkk^Is thdr empty Otimc ran, 

Tby Rice ii Bnlahl, when b^nii ; 

Lm > Poat-Angd xuR whh Thee. 
And Tboa the Ooal of Earth ibdl loidi M won M He. 
Tlton in ilie Mooa'i bright Chariot imnd and gay, 

Deal thy tvichl wood of Slan nmay ; 

And an the year doR with thee brii^ 
Of thoiuand Iknny Ughu thine own Noctunwl Spring. 
HxM 5gnlUa>-Ilke don roood ihy Land* above 

The Sdd'* gilt Test for ever move. 

And (tin Bi tlum In pomp do« go, 
Tlie ddnlnK pageant* of the Worid attend thy dww. 
Nor aoddtt en tiieie Triomphi dou thou loora 

Tlie hnmble Glow-wonns to adom. 

And with tiiose living ipangle* gild 
(O Gmtno* withool Pride I) the Buihei of tlie Field 
Night, and her o^y Sot^ecti thou doat IH(bt, 

And deep, the luy Owl of Nigfat ; 

Atbam'd and leafM la ^ipear, 
TlieyAnM llxirlMnU ihapea, "U^ the blaiA lieffil- 

Wltb 'em there hast* and wildly takei the Alaim, 

Of painted Dreams, a bnile nrann, 

At tiie first opening ti thine eye, 
The vatiooi Clusurs bnak, the antl<± Atames fly. 
Vnten, Ooddasi, tluM liftst np thy wakened Head, 

Onl of the Hondng's pntple bed. 

Thy Qohe a( Birdi elxnit thee play. 
And aU dwJoyAil worid ialttlet the ritbig day. 
An the World's bnvery that ddigfala oar Eyes, 

Is bnl thy sev'ral liTcries ; 

Thou the Ridi Dy on them beatowut, 
Tby ^Dbte Pendl Pknts thl* Ijandtiwpe aa tlioii go'n. 
A Crtnuon aannent Id the Roae tboa wear's! ; 

A Crown of studded OoU thoa bear'tt ; 

The vligta Ulbes In ihdr While 
Are clad bat wMb the Lawn of atmoet Naked LigbL 
The VMet, Spdng** little Inbm, nandt. 

Girt in thy purpk Swadling-bands : 

On tbe bit Tidlp lbo« doM dote ; 
Tboa doath'sl it In a gay and patly-colaat'd CoU. 
With Flame eondotstthoodoMlbe Jewel* fix. 

And folid Colonn In It mix : 

Flera ber sdf, nries to see 

Tbtongh the soTt wayes of Hcav'n, and Air, aitd Sea, 

Whidi open aU tbelt Pom to thee. 

Like a clear River thou dost glide, 
And with thy Living Stream through the cloee Cbannd* 

Of Colours mingled. Light, a thick and standing Lake. 

Bat the vast Ocean of unbounded Day 

la th' EmfyraaH Heaven does Stay. 

Thy Riven, Lakes, and Springs bdow, 
Fhan thence took Snt their Riae, tbltbet U lait mutt 


(VoL L p. lee.) 

Worthy to be placed aide by side with the 
Hptin to Light is the Ode ' Of Solitude.' 
How delidoiu it is, how it gathers into itself 
the veiy peace and solemnity of die woods, 
the hastiest Reader will discern ; — 

* Han, old Patwitiam Ton, M gieal and good ! 
Hail, T^PUtiM Under-wood I 
Where the Poelkk Birds rejcriee, 
And tot Ihdr qulel Nest*, and plenteon* Food, 
Fay with Ihdr giatetkil VolaB. 

Han, the poor UosesrldMsl Manor Seat I 
Ye Coontry Honaes and Retreat, 
Whidi aU the happy Gods so love. 

llat lor yon oft they qaH. their bright and great 
Ueuopoll* above. 

Here Naton does a House ibr me tract : 

Nature, the lalrett Architect, 
Who those Ibnd Artlau doe* despise. 
That ou the blr and living Trees neglect, 
Y« the dead TlmlMr piiK. 

Here let tne, careless and unthooghtFut tying. 
Here the soft Winds above me flylDg, 
With all thdr wbhiod Boughs dispute. 

And the more tuneful Birds to both rqdjing. 
Nor be myself too mule. 

100 tolitary be. 
Who loves not hli own Company I 
Hell fed the Weight of 't many a D 
Unless be caU in Sn or Vaohy 
To bdp to bear 'I away. 



WUch blat remolo'd. 'tlU Man did find 
E**!) hli owo Helper's CompuiT. 
« (»lu 1) logetlxr JoiaU 


IW God bUnieir, ihinagb oonnlkv AfCi Umb 
Hit lols CompanioB dum to be. 
TiKe, Sured Solitude, alooe, 

Beiora the bnuichj Heul of Numbet'i Tree 
Spnog from tbe Traok o( one. 

Thou (tbo' Men tbink thine Ml luunire Put) 
Don break and tameth' unnd]' Uewu 
Which dte vouU know ao leUled Pace, 

MaklDK U move, mil manac'd by ttar An. 
With Swiftnen and whli Gtaoa. 

Tlxiu tlw &lnt Beamt of Reaaoa'i leaned Light 
Don, Uk« * BumUc-OkM, vaite. 
Doe* Binltlpir the fe^lt H«at, 

And toniAc (be Stn^th, 'tiO ibon da« brigU 
And noble Plm b«get. 

Whibt tbli bard lYwh I WMli, BM)>inki, I tn 

Tbe MonMer Lamda^ langh at ma ; 
I thoDld at ibK Mo, faolkh Cltr, 
If ft win lit lo iMi^ at UboT, 
Bnt lb7 EnsU I pitf. 

Let btn tlij wicked Ucnfronoul tbeefO, 
And ^ tbe Tooli Ibat cnnid thee to, 
EVn (hoii.irtia deal thr MQttoM boaM, 
A *lU«t:e lea than islii^ton wm snnr, 
A Solitude abncak' 

(Vol II. p. 31B.) 

If the last be worthy of a place— u I have 
claimed — beside the Hpim to Light, eqtully 
worthy of a place bende 'Of Solitude' ii 
' Hie Complaint ' apd ' ThaGarden.' Here 
I am light glad to fortily my own judgment 
by WiLXiAH CuixiN Bryant, Says he — 

• In the Vtrttt mriOeii mt Several OetasUiu, and in 
the Diicoartei bj Waj' of Siiayt ■« Va-u amd Pnu 
are MMne of Cowley't bett thiogt. Anoog llkete U 
"The Complunt," of which Dr. Jolmton ipeaki 
in a lone of dauiaii, jft t| ii ifa^j > beaati* 
fnl poesk In nine, of Covlo/i poaw u the 
thought nobler, the lonificalian mora hamKmiou, 
and the expnwon mqre &e^ cr, If we except 
the phnie "melancholy Cowley." men digni- 
fied. It hai the iDtereat of being a reeotd of the 
poet*! penonal hiiloiy ; the author it in eamett, 
and expreucs *'i""*'^ tlie more tutnnlly and imprca- 
^Tai]' l>ecaaie with feeling. The poem takea tbe 
fonn of a dialogoe between the poet and hit Uwa. 

She rqiraacbH Um wi4,4a4ttli« Jm aaniee for Ae 
fh a noc* of p t efei m eM at ooni^ whwe he Ibandaothiag 

like tde ef toonrtedge, Ime, and Ubmr, 

Tbe Gniha of tbr Bdeaned apaMaif. 

TboB (boag))l*tl H OMe Ifae pobBe stona wen peat 

AH d>r lemdalng Uftihonld tdMhloe be. 

BAcdd tbe puUic Horn it q>ent M )a^ ; 

Tie toveRfgn It Mted at tea no taox^ 

.And than, with a& tha noble eompan;. 

An got at latt to ibor& 
Bat wbtte thy feUow-Toyagen I las 
AU marched op t« poeteu the promlted land, 
TIkni Hill alone, alat t doit gapJnf (land 
Upra tbe aaked beadi, upon the baim Hod.' 
'Cofriey Uttent to tUt i^roach, and thnt recofta 

"Akiwaalsafoal <kNt than npbcald 
The lilt whkb thoa thjwlf hatt made 
When In the cndle Innoceol I lay, 
Tbon, wicked spirit. Molest me away. 
And m; abu^id soul didtt b^ 
Imolhjnew-foilndworidt, I know not wlMfa 
Thr gaUK Indiea fa Ibe ak. 

Nor uaeAil ^ant can keep elite. 
The (ooliih tports I did on thee bestow 
Btake all my art and labor uielesi now. 
When OBOE tucb tlriet dance no gnut can ens grow. " 
'On the w1k4^ thcRbi^ "Thf Cofnfdaiiit" n- 
■oItcs itself into a Tttj satis&c t afy jf|iy af afcwmting 
for the negleql of .tba ,Mn#-|o.TMnu[d Cowley'a 
of the dnl war and tkerelasof (J|tam««lL. He had 
tattetand occnpationt whidutfiit^ hii^ bir, being 
acomtler. aajk u dH H t wled gatthathehaJB^rtatoa 
to capectafl^ other *— M"»"» thaala be fitrri by 
la &Tour of Ihote who we^ reooffluended '^_ otber 
trnsKtiri of rhwyTtfir, In Uiis \ fee nothiu ^apnanly 
or mean-tpitited. We napj|«gMd-the po«Bi •• a 
fV»<ii i «*w»n fcrth ef the daima of l—i»in^ gaiint, 
and viitne to the &rotir of the prince ud ft Ae 
'"'■■""J*™ of a resolution not to obtain it by nnwocthy 
artt.* . . . 'How little of a coartiei Cowlqt waa 
■aay be Ur^ infilled fron thi^ f^t he n^;res aLtnad 
Us talent for panegyric to the praise of any of thote 
diasolote wretchb by whom Chailea ii, iwiDanded 
Mnmif He resenred hi* comme^datiou for what 
Iw etteeated teal woith, and it it lu wo 



Oat he bUcd to find ftiw witk wbA ■ coot One 
of the nwt jdeuiv of bii poemi 'ij that entitled 
** 71m GMden," addrened to EvdTa, die be^-fsntier, 
•ad antkor of the " SflTa," between whom and \aa.- 
ed a itnnc bienddiip, anung piobahlf 
7 of taitci and nmilari^ of cbanctcr. 
Thii poem bai the qoalitT which give* iatftrctt to 
"Tbe rnniplajnt, ■ ^1^ aathoT U in natwiti asd 
initead tS dabocttBlr lading' with hik aal^ect lad 
celling aiboet for io eq iecteJ iUMlrailda^' a « p' ri t i 
with waimtH the tboit^b Oat Ma» efoWdUif «po& 
Ut Bind when a coontiy fife U me uU one d nch ai 
U* friend E*el]« enjoTcd at Sa^et Coort. Cowley'* 
low* ef eodi a life, trhAtaTer Dr. Jolutuui may hare 
■aid, waa moat terere and heaitf . Hii cailj wiitinp 
•bow that It wa* a paiiion witli him in hii joath j 
hii "Ditcoonei in Vote and Frote" p** »• the 
idea of ime who wa* cxmtonted in hii retfaeutenlr and 
««e of hit moat etalmtate enl finiAcd wmfcl ii a 
LnliD poem "Oan«tit^"ta tut boeki, AeUdt of 
kii ReMieha M a pkjtldan and CHlttnOo^* (u 
before, pp. 37*79)- 

Once more let these poenu, the one in 
full, the other by iti opening, speak for 
themselves : — 

Thz Com plaiitt. 

Of theblndi Vev'a unlock; peM* 
Ubtt with the mooRiiivWUlDw'a oanAiI grajr, 
Whm Rw—t CUm oDt* ont bf* f^nooi War, 

The UclMM)K>l7 CinWcr liV i 
And lo I a Mnn tvffmt-A «o Ua doaad Ught. 
fTbeUoMioAinLMidior^WMplv) - 
Bodied, anayodL and Men, 4>r an inMnal U^ : 
A (olden baip, irtth lihur atdoKB (be bant 
A woDd'nNB HkragtypldA Roba «h« worn. 
In wUdi an Cototm Mid bU FiBvea w«e. 
Thai Nanre or thai fancy can'pnate. 

That Art can narer imitate : 
And with looM Riidc It wanitm-d in Ibe Air. 
In toA a Dnat, lo nub a veU-chwb'd Dream, 
She ni'd, of old, near fair /jMAuu Sttrao, 
Pindar her Ttuia* Famuite to meet ; 
A Crown wu on her Head, and yoB^ were on hs 

Slie tonch'd hfm wltfa bo Haip, and nb'd bim from 

The ibaken Miingl Helodloiol; Resonnd. 

An tlMQ TetnTT/d at lait, aii ilie, 

To thJt fonskett' i11ae« ftad me ? 
Tbou Prodlgat. wbo dfdit lo looiely waste. 
Of all lb; YonthfUl jrcan, the good Ennte ; 

Art tboa letonl'd ben^ lo repent too tate ? 
And father buiki of Learning np at laM, 
Now the Rich H<B«en.tfanc of Lib ii put, 

And ITiutftrBarchaoniobMr ' 
Bat, when I meaM f adapt Thee Ibr my Son, 
And did M lewn'd a PontOD aet^ai 
Aa areraar of ifae ulBhtr Ntae 

Had to tbdr deaiect OiUften done ; 
When I icKilT'd t' eiali thy' anefawd Name, 
Among the Spiritual Loeda of peeeefalfanie; 
TboQ, CbangHug, tbon, bewlteli'd WMt itMie end ibow, 
WooUr fado Cooiti and Otka from me go ; 
WonldM eee the Wortd abnsd, asdbaveaihare 
Id oU the folUea, and tbe Tnnalta tl»«e ; 
Thou wonldn, Ibneodi, be ttunathtaK-in a State, 
And burineet tlwa wmridfl flnd, Ud wtMldU Cieate : 

Oo, Renegado, can up thy Aoconnt, 

And ne to wfaat Amoont 
Thy focdiifa galu, by qoining ma ; 
The mle of KnowledgB, Fame, and Liberty, 
The fruit* of II9 nnleam'd ApoMa^. 
Thou tlKioght'tt. If once tlw publick atom were past. 
All thy remaining Life ihoald iun.ihine be : 
Behold the poblicfc ttomi i* tpeu at lait. 
The Sonraign ij lout at Sea no more. 
And tlion, with all the Noble Companie, 

Art got at laM to thocc:. 
But whilit thy fellow. Voyagen I lee, 
AH marcht up to [iniir u the pramlt'd Land, 
Thou Kill alooe [alaaj don gaping stand. 

As a bir momiug of the blessed Spring, 

Afta a tedioos itotmy ntgtit ; 
Soch waa the gtorlooi Entry of our King, 
Enridiing moyature drop'd on ereiy thing ; 
Plenty be sow 'd below, and cut alxiixt hint light. 

But then (alas) to thee alone. 
One of Old Gi4te%'> Miracles wa) ihown, 
For er'iy l^ee, and er e ry Herb around. 

With Pearly dew was crown'd. 
And upon all the quickned Groucd, 
The Fruitful seed of Heaven did brooding lye. 
And nothing but the Muses Fleece was djy. 

It did all other Threats surpaia. 
When God lo his own People said, 
(The Men whom through kmg wandMogs be had led) 
That be would give (hem er'n a Heav'n of Brass ; 
They look'd up to that HeaveD In vain. 
That Bounteous Hearen, which God did not restrain. 
Upon tbe most nujuK to shine and Rain. 

dbyGoot^le _ 



And (UdM (If Fatth Mill 111 iiililii 

Tboucb lb* cODlncMd WM to th««, 

Gf**!! (o another thon didit ■•• i 

01v!n to uxMlwr, wbo hnd Mm« 
Of Mrer, and at Rkbar WItci iMlbn^ 
And not t Z<ai left, tbr ncompcoce to tw. 
Co OD, iwloe terai jrcwi men, thj (octona b;. 
Twice feroi jraan mom Ood in hi* bomt]' nMf 

Oiie thee, to Ka% awtj 
Into the Conn'* deoihfal Liouxrj. 

Bat think bow Ukdjr 'lU, tbM than 
With tbe dull innk of tbj onweildr Ploii(b, 
SbouldM In a bard and Bamo in»«i tliiivi^ 

Sbonldit mo able be to live ; 
Tbon, to irinae (hare eo Utile brad did bll, 
In the mlraniloni rear, wboi Afatma nln'd on alL 

Thut (pake tbe Hum, ud (pake it wHb a ton*. 
That aBeni'd al ooce to i^ and rerfla. 
And to hv tbm, i^slns hli theochtAil baad, 

Tlie MelandKdjF Cimlgi Mid : 

Ah vanlon foe, doM thou npfanid 

The IDi which thou thy idf bait made ? 
Wheo in the CnuUe, hmoeoit I lay, 
Thoa, wicked Spirit, lUd'en me awaj. 

And mj abiued Sool dldR bear 
Into thy new-foond Worldi, I know not where. 

Thy Oolden India bi the Air ; 

And CTET ifnce I Hiive in Tain 

M)F raviihl Fnedom to regain ; 

StIU I Tebell, Mill tboti doM Rdgn, 
Lo Mill in Vene againn thae I complain. 

There ii a ton ol Stubborn Weedi, 
Which, if the Baith bat once. It ercr bneda. 

No wholaom Herb can near them thrlre. 

No useful Plant can keep ati*e : 
Tbe foolish ipoiti I did on thee bestow, 
Make all my Alt and Labom fmitlfi now ; 
Where once sttch Falrief dance, no gitui doth « 

When my oew mind had no infuiloD known, 
ThouBa*'*! lodeq)! tincture of thine own. 
Thai erer rince 1 ralnly try 
To wash away th' inberait dye : 
Lonx work pobaps may spoil thy Colotn qidte. 
Bat new win reduce the uatirc whhe : 
To all the Pen* trf Honour and ol gain, 
I often ttear my oouise in tbIo. 


The t^ikllDg strings of thy loose m 

Whoerer this World's hapfriness would aee, 
Musi u entirely can off thee, 
As they who only Heaven deslie. 
Do from tbe World retire. 

This was my EiTOor, Tbismy groMmlstab^ 

Uy idf a demy-votary to make. 

Tbui wkh 5.4^*6iB, and bs HtHband'* nM. 
{A ftnlt which I, like tbto, am laogbt loo late) 
For an that I gave up, I nodiing gain. 
And perish for Ibe port which I retain. 

Teadi me not then, O thon Ctllacioai Unie, 

llM Court, and betto- King t' accnae ; 
Tb» Heavn nnder whkh I Un Is fair ; 
Tbe ftnila aofl wm a fkm Han«M bear i 
lldne, lUoe I* aU dM BinwnnBai i Iftboei 
Mak'at me sit Mffl and ri« w«en 1 si 
When I but lUi ' - 


How chearfiilly, and how a 
On tbe great Soverdgn'* wiU he did depend : 
I Dt^t to be accnn'd. If I reAiae 
To wait on Us, O thon Uladons Muse I 
Klugi have long hands (thay My] and though I be 
So distant, dwy may leadi at le^di to ma; 

Hownnr, of aO Piinoca, Iboa 
Tbon. wbo rawardeth but with popolar bnath. 

And that too aAer ikath,' 

(Vol L pp. i6?^) 

Tbk Oakdin. 

And hi 

In Books and Oard«H Iboa hnsl pfac'd aright 

(Things whleli thou wdl doM tndsrttand ; 
And both doM tnaba wttb tby laboriotn Hand) 

Thy notJe, innocent MHcht : 
And la thy virtnoaa Wife, yAitn thon afsin dou wi 

Both PleuoNS more itdn'd and sweet : 

The falr«M Garden la ber Looks, 

And la bar Hhid the wisest Books. 
M,<riio would diaiigetbete soft, yst solid Joyi, 

For empty Sbowi and aeaaelen Nolae : 

And aU which rank AmbMon breeds, 
Whldi aeem (ndi beaaieoai Flow'ti, and an i 
pids'nona Weods? 

When Ood dU Han to faii own UkeaeM Duka, 
A> mncb ai Oay, tho^ of the pveat kind. 
By the great Potter's An TeSa'd, 

I place him, where 

A kind of HM*'n too did appear. 
As far as Earth could such a LikeNeaa banr : 

That Man no Happiness might want. 
Which Earth to her fim Master oooU aOOrd : 

He did a Garden Ibr blm plant. 
By the quick Hand of his Omnipotent WonL 
A* tbe cbief Help and Joy of human Life, 
He B«*B bfan the Gm Gift ; fint, •**» belora a Wifa, 



F«r Ood. die mtnnil Aidritect, 
T hid baea u aule to anct 
A Lrmrt, or Btaaial, or t Tomr 

As BaM niDl]> thooitat lo do o( oU : 

He waiiMd mt ths SUU or ponr ; 

la tba WnWi FUxick thoai mn Aon, 
And the UaiBUi woe an bh own. 
B« vcO be knnr wtel FUce wodd batt ^|ne 
vnth InnocaDCC. ud whb Pdidt; : 
Aad we dHwhcn nOl ank ibr ib«m In ratn, 
It any hn of cMkt tm naoaln ; 
If anr Part of dtho- m cKpeel, 
TUi iDsj our Jodsnienl In the Saardi dlnct ; 
Ood the 6nt Oaidm nute, and the Gnl Citr, Cairn. 

Oh blewed Shadei I O lemlB cool Retnat 
le Heat, 
it Wodd doei ban and iwoU I 
Till* doea the Lioa-Star, AmUtlon'* Raga ; 
TUa Avaiioa, tbe Dognar't Thim a»wafa : 
Eit'ij irtiere dae ibdr btal Pow'i we *ee, 
Th^ make and rale Maa'i wretched Deadny : 

Tbqr odtba- *et, nor dwappear, 

Bm qrrannlM o'«r all tbe Year ; 
WhlW we ne'er led tbeit Flame or iDfioeace beie. 

11m Btrd* that dance from Bon^ to Boagb, 

And lln| above in er'rj Tree, 

Arc not from Fean and Caret mon free. 
Than we who lye, or Al, tx walk bdow, 

And tboold b7 right he S^goi too.' 

(VoL ir. pp. yrj-i.) 

flnallf — There are the Anactwntia^, of 
which the same eminent American writer 
(W. Cullen Biyant) give* this deliberate 
estimate : — 

' Perhap* it ii not neceamryto gire ha« any qnota- 
tiom from Cowlej'i tranilationi of AIMI^«ol:^ inai- 
nmdi a» even thoae who never te«d anything; elie tliat 
hehaawrittM, are famiUar with tbe moat fdidtooi of 
tbei^ — tbe "Ode to tbe GiaMhopper." They are 

m DO DiiaUiig ; but I 

A Ooff et V«u la Auver lo Cowley'i Thlntr Butfa. 
* 1^ Puchsd ardi iriiea cat would tlunk 
Hcf duKT Tbnwi nqaired bsM DiIbIi 
Wmti bat bv 1i|M. ud pa 

Nm Drankud Ilka 10 Ul bgt riM. 
TlH aobv Sh abvw hM IUh 
E*«B b7 the Dnwkea S*)4oa ridii ; 
ttt nariii( Rlfn rinDg luf h 
DM H Wi too her ewn^Mir ; 
She iWbs M^ to uko ■ C^pp 
Bet othv WfWt drUi it qV. 

bat few in tmmber, deven in all, b«t tk^ lurfats du 
Gr»k ffriginati. They are iprightly, joyooi, leem- 
ingty ponied forth by ooe who write* *ene», becauM 
he cannot hdp it, and they are free from the rngged- 
ne» of Tcnificatian which Cowley nrely took paliw 
to KTind. He style* them " Some Copies of Venea 
tramlated panphraiticiUy ont of Anacreon," bnt tbeR 
ii little dilution, and what he bat impUGed, he hat 
made mm« tpiightly' {Hid. p> 375). 

It is these Aoacreontics (mainly) that Sprat 
must have had before him in his eulogy of 
Cowley as a Translator, thus : — 

' Besidei thii '""tnttfig of ftiiJar, whiii may 
pcihapa be tboaghtmther anew tort ^Writing tbBB 
a testoting of an Ancient j be hat alto been wonder- 
ful happy, in Tisntlating many difficult Parti of tbe 
Noblett Foeti of Antiquity, To perform thii accord- 
ing to the D^ty of tbe Attempt, he had, as ilwn* 
necetnry be ihonld have, not only tbe Elegance of 
both Ae Language* ; bnt the true spirit of both tbe 
Poetries, Tbi* way of teaviag Verbal Tranalatkmi^ 
and chiefly regarding tbe Sente and Geniu of tbe 
Author, was scarce heard of in ^^fAuu/ before thit 
proent Age. I will not preaume to say, ihst Mr. 
Cowley was the absolute Inventor of iL Nay, t 
know that othcn had Che good Inck to noommend it 
fint in Print Yet I appeal to you. Sir [Clifford], 
wbctb«r he did not conceive it, and discoorae of it, 
and prsctiie it aa aooo at any Uan,' 

These half-dozen froni the Anmrwittia will 
satisfy the highest claim that can be made 
{ca them: — 

' 111 sing of Heroei, and of Kingi ; 
In mighty Niunba^ mi^ty thlngi, 
Begin mj Unse ; but lo the strings 
To my great Song rebeUioaa prove ; 

TIm Sou (Ibr who duia Urn di>sna 
WthDiinkl) irin|oM*tMadrpM* 

1. iBcofBita 8013, Fu 

B IHl., ChMhu Llbni7, pp. «*. j. 

,/i^ooglc — 


Tbe Mtlagi wUl loand of noafhl bat Lovk 
I brob tbctn dl, uid pat on MV ; 
Ti* tUi or nolhlni nm will do. 
TbcM tm (Hid I) wUl me obey ; 
TlwM luce Heroidi NoLac wUl plkf. 
Stnlffat I bcgfto wilb Tbundring JoTC, 
And all die immorul Powen bat Lore; 
Love tmiled. and from my enfeebled Lyn 
Came gentle (tires, sach u fiu|rire 
Mehing Iotc. and loft dedre. 
Farewd then Heroei. &rewel KIngi, 
And mlskly Numben, mighly Thingt : 
Lora tonta my HoMt Jut to mj urlagi.' 

(V<i L p. 146.) 

lit. BcAtrrr. 
' TJbenI Nature did dtipence 
To bU Tliingi Amu fir Ihelr defenoe ; 
It wtlh ifaiewy force, 

Some wllb Hard Hooft. or foriiM Clawa, 

And aome with Homa, or tiuUd jaw* ; 

And aome with Scalei, and aome with Wtaifa, 

And aome with Teeth, and some will) Stlngi. 

Wisdom to Man ihe did aiford, 

Wudom for Shield, and Wit for Swotd. 

What to be&ateoui Woman-ktod, 

What Amu, what Armour has ih' anigiMd ! 

Beauty la both ; few with the Fklre, 

Wbat Anna, wfeat Aimoiir can oompue ? 

Wb>t Steal wtwt GoU, or DiaMood, 

Men i—[— — »M- ii (bund ^ 

And yet wbat Flama, wbat LigtatnloK trt 

So gnat an Active Force did bear? 

Tbey are all weapon, and they dan 

Uke Porcupines Erom cvenr Pan. 

Wbo can, aUa, Ibeir Strength exprCM, 

Arai'd,— when theythontelTee tudreii — 

Cap«^ie with Nakedne**?' 

\md. p. 147.) 

VI. Ths Acootnrr. 
■ When bH the Stan are by thee told, 
(The endlesl Sunu of heavenly Gold) 
Or when the Hairs are reckooed all. 
From tickly Autumn's Head that fall, 
Or when the dropi that make the Sea, 
Whilst all her sands thy Countcn be ; 
Tbou thai, and Tbon alone naiU prore 
Th' Arltbmedcian of my Lotv. 
An himdred Lores at Alheni score. 
At Cc^nlh write an hundred more. 
Fair Corinth does such Beauties beare. 
So few ts an Eaca[dng there. 
Write than at Chioe tcrenty three ; 
Write then at Lesbo* (let me see) 
Write mee at Lesbos ninety down, 
FnU ninety Lotci, and half a On& 

And next to theae tM na pMMM 
Tbe (bIt Ionian RegliMM, 
And nan tbe Carion CoaiiaBy, 

Three bnndrad 'tie Tmb an 

For tntt at Ciate mA Face doth bear. 

And emy Eye's •> Accbar Abr. 

00 oa ; dria Mop why doit ihoa make' 
Tbon tbiakn. pcrtiapa, that I miiiaka; 
Secma thla to thee too gieat a tDinme> 
Wby many a Thousand ars la eome ; 
The mighty Xems oovld not booM 
Such diSerem Nations In his Hoak 

On \ for my Lore; if itaoa be'at weoi;, 
Hiul Snde some belter Secretary. 

1 hare not yet my Persian told. 
Nor yet my Syrian Lon's enioU'd, 
Nor Indian, nor AraUon ; 

Nor Cyprian Lores, nor AMcon ; 
NcT Scythian, nor Italian flames ; 
Tben's a whole Map behinde of Names, 
Of gmtle Lma I' th' Tentpenue Zooc^ 
And oold ones in tbe Frigid One, 
Odd Ihuen Lofet whh which I ptae. 
And pordwd Lore* beneath tbe Une.' 

(Vol. I. p. 147-8. 1 
Vin. Tb« EncOTtB. 
'Fm the Bowl with torie Wine, 

Around onr Temple Roses twine, 

And let us cbeorAilly awhile. 

Like the Wne a»d Roae* aoOa. 

Crown'd with Rosea we omitemn 

Ones wealthy Diadecn. 

TodaylsOin; what down ftau«? 

To day is Ow* ; wc haTB it beta. 

Let '* treat K Undely, that ft nwj 

Widi, 01 lean, with oa to mxf. 


X Thk <MAuaoppxs. 
' Happy loKct, what can bee 
Jo happinesi compared to Umb? 
Fed with nouriahmecit divine. 
The dewy Morriing's gentle Vnne I 
Nature waiu upon Ibce stDl. 
And thy verdant Cup does Gil ; 
111 fill'd wfaere-evo- ihou doat tread. 
Nature selfe 's thy Gonimed. 
Thou dost drink, and dance, and sing ; 
Happier then the happieK Kii^ I 
All tbe Fields, which thou doat see. 
All Ihe Planu belong to Thee I 
All that Sumroo' Hour^ produce, 

FstUe made with ewly jtiicc 1 



Uau lor thee doa low utd plough ; 

Fanner He, and LAnd-Lord Thou I 

lliaa doil inoocentlj joj ; 

Nor docs Ihjr Liurar)' dotroj : 

The Sbqiherd gladly bou'etblhee, 

Uon HBimanioos ibes He. 

Thee Coontrejr Hindei with gladncM hear, 

Prophet of the ripeoed j'CBr 1 

Tb«e nM»ba«h]«e«, and do«s taiqin ; 

Phaetn* i* Unwelf thjr ^n. 

To thee of all thinga npoo Earth, 

LUe it DO longer then thy MlRb. 

Hvp7 Inwct, bapp7 Thou, 

Dott nellber Age, nor Winter know. 

But when ihou 'M dnmk. aod danced, and lasg 

Thy fill, the flowiy Learel amoag, 

(VohipnuHu, and Wiie withal. 

Ml 1) 

(Vol 1. p. I4l^) 
XL The Swallow. 
' Foolish Prater, what do'tt thou 
So eailj at mj window do 
Wth ihy timdeu Serenade? 
Wdl't had been had Tereiu made 
Thee as Dumb as Philomel ; 
Tlvre hii Kidfe had done but wdL 
In ihjr nndiicover'd Ne« 
Thou dost all the winter rest 
And ^eainesl ore tby lununer Joys 
Free from the stormy eeaion'* noiie : 
Free from Ih' in thou 'st done to me ; 
Who diitaifas, or seeks out Thee f 

Of the wood's Poetlcfc Throati, 
AH thy art conld never pay 
What thon'M ta'ne Ikwn me away. 
Croel Bird, thou'st la'ne away 
A Dream out or my arms lo-day, 
A Dream that ne're must equaU'd bee 
Of an tliat waking Eyrs may see, 
ThoQ thii damage lo repalce. 
Nothing hair so iweet <st blre 
Nothing half so good can'il bring, 
Though Men say. Thou bdng'st the Spiitv<' 
[IHd. p. 149) 

Well now, whoever you be, Reader, do 
yon not agree with me that in these selected 
Poems — independent of others — there is 
ample sanE:tioii for my use of the great word 
'endnring'? Would not our richest and 
finest hterature be poorer if it did not possess 
any one of all these ? Has not the man won 
a n^ to Fame, who has left anch a legacy of 

Verse to bit langoage and race? It is of the 
very impertinence and treason of literary 
criticism to dispraise or dishonour such a 
Benefactor. The woise for those to «-hom 
such Poetry is not nuve precious than gold 
or gems. Elsewhere I speak of the Prose. 
I have placed it in the beading of the 
present section, sunply to make the daim of 
' endurir^ ' for it as weU. I leave it for the 

V, Charactekistics— (a) Thought, (?) 
ImagimUum, {e) Fassion, (^ Orighiaiity, 
(«) QuaitU Oddity, (f) Wentsworthian See- 
tKgtuss toward Naturt. Unless I have 
failed in my purpose, the Reader is pre- 
pared by the sections of this second moiety 
of my Memorial-Intioductioa thus far, for 
atxeptance of the specialities announced, as 
summarily gathering up what are the charac- 
teristics of Cowley^s genius. Under every 
one of these, examples have been given, in 
plenty, of each. I designed this that now I 
might be as brief as possible. 

(a.) Thought. Every capable Critic from 
earliest to latest who really has known our 
Worthy, has been struck with the quantity 
of thought packed into the Poems and also 
the Prose of Cowley, None seems to have 
been dashed off, but to have been medita- 
tively worked on and built up rather than 
grown. It was to this excess of thoughts 
(rather than thought) that Addison probably 
pointed, when having hailed him as ' Great 
Cowley ... a mighty Genius,' he won- 
deringly tcUs us that he 

O'emm with wit, and lAViss or HIS THortOKT ; ' 
and vividly symbolises this wealth and ^ a 
sense) waste, thus — 
' His tnnu too dotelr on thenadet pceat | 
He more had pleas'd tu kad he pless'd nc Um. 
Oiu gUiUriMg thought no sooner itiiica otu eye* 
With sUcDt wander, but new wonders rise ; 
At m tAt miliy vnjf a lAimingwkUt 



Tiat nal a ibtfli liar Mm litd kii raji, 

WkaHjtimt^ ailfr»mett Ot (MMNN ttoMf.' 

Tbeo reverently and modesttj — 
* Pardon, great poet, tlul I dua to name 
Til' tmunmbeT'd boatiM of tbj Tcne with blame. 
Thy Itali ii (Milr wit in it* excoM.' 
The now hackneyed but then inviolate 
met^hw of the 'milky way' was fetched 
ftom the Poet himself^ who in his Ode of 
Wit, ahows thorough lelf-Knitiny and Klf- 
adjudgment :— 

" "n« not (o Kdora, ud gUd aacb pan ; 

That ibow* men cat, theo art 
Jewell at uoie and lipi bnl Dl appear ; 
Rattier then all tUnf i wk. let aona b« there. 

Sefetal lisbu win not be Hen, 

ir there t* DOthlng; die between. 
Mtm dnil, laauu atf itamd m Mtk t IJf Ojr, 
Ifliau it jfars wUtipmut Iki GeUuiU." (L 135.} 

But spite of the ' doubt ' and ' if,' they ' be 
stats,' ay worlds ; and similarly your lethargic 
student of our literature, who is stone-blind 
to great thoughts that swim orbed and splen- 
did into his ken in swift succession, may be 
aggiieved by the demand made upon him if 
he will think-out what Cowley presents, but 
the ' blame ' is not in the Poet but in his 
phlegmatic reader. For myself I am unable 
to read the more consummate poems of, e^. 
the ' Miscellanies,' without being constrained 
to pause and pmider over the new and still 
new thoughts that flash before me, and send 
me away along their vast reaches and avenues 
(so-to-say). Here you have a recondite or 
' hidden' fact, there a classical or scriptural 
allusion, yonder a gleam of imagination or a 
dainty fancy, next perhaps a ripple of wit 
brealding into humour, and next a diamond- 
like compacted truth for men's businesses 
and bosoms — but all set in a stratum of 
thought The address 'To the Royal So- 
ciety' is as thick-set with thoughts and 
learning as is the Novum Organum, or In- 
stauratio, or ' Essays 'i and yet the Thioker's 
and the Scholar's resources are borne lightly 
and litfaely, as ever knight wore his shirt of 

maiL This David is not eacambend with 
SauTs armour. I ask the Reader to read ibe 
address 'To the Royal Society' afresh at this 
point, and to add to it a re-reading of 
' Against Mope,' and ' For Hope,' and mark 
the fiilness and richness of the thou^t in 
alL Let him specially note in the address 
'to the Royal Society,' among many other 
wCHiderful things, st 3 : — 

'Anlority, vhldi did a Body bout, 
Tboofta 'twai bat Air condeni'd, and ttalk'd abow, 
Like «ome old Giaat'a more Gigunk Gbort, 

To toitfie the leained RoDl 
With d>e pUn Uagtqoe of tnic Reami'i \J^A. 

He ^ac'd oal of oar ligtit ; 
Nor ndfcr'd ttrlng Men to be mided 

^ the Tain ihadowi of tbe Dead : 
ToOnfe*, ftom whence it role, Ibe oooqoer'd niantoiDC 



In mldM of th' Ordurd, and the whole did daim, 

Whidi wltb a DMleai Silh of Wood. 

And lonifftMng die dm wortli a name, 

(Both nit for ibew, jet neither fit 

Or to Defcod, at to Beget ; 

RidknloDi and leacdeai Tenon 1} made 
ChSdtai and •opentiiioul Men afiaid. 

The Orehard '1 open now, and ftae ; 
Baoon hai broke that Scar-crow Deitia ; 

Come, enlCT, ell thai will. 
Bdioid Ibe rip'oed Fnilt, come gatba now jon filL' 
(Vol L PL 167.) 

But as not having hitherto utilised them, 
I would now turn to others, peihaps aa a iriu^ 
scarcely so perfect in their form or workman- 
ship, but eqtially distinguished by the opu- 
lence of their thou^ts. Take hoe fint the 
Ode upon Dr. Harvey : — 

' C07 Nature, (wtafcfa remalo'd, Iboagfa afed pows, 

A bewttenu* Tirgin Hill, iajoy'd bf none. 

Nor Ken nnvell'd b; 107 one) 
WfacD Han*y'i violent paoton Ae did tee, 

Btfan to tmnble, and to flee. 
Took Sanotuair, like Z^i^^f, laatiae: 
Than Daplati lover Mopt, «Dd thnagfat U nuKb 

The VTf Leavei of bo to toach ; 
Bat HarvTf. our Apalla, Hop't not (o, 
iMo the Baiii, and root, he after ber did goe : 

No nalkn Flmi of a Ptaai. 
For wbidi the ^dieam'i PoiDt doth ihaipoen want, 

Hia puo^ after ha wllhilood. 
What thouldihedo? thnxvh all the moriag wood. 

Digitized by GoOt^le 


Of Lho Iwlow'd wkh MMB, dw took bv fUgfat : 
Bantf psmei, and knp* her Mill In dfht. 
Bm u tin Dm> looc-hmilad Hka aSood. 
Sbe kap't at lut iolo the wfocttDK Mfwnt «( blood ; 
or iBUi'i JAaadv an the Purple itkdMa made, 

im at the heart ihc Majd, 

Where taming bead, and at a Baf, 
Thoa, b; wdl-porged can, wu *he o'rduatd to )«]r. 

Here Mtte I than be wfe (M^d ibM) 

None win be able eure to aee 

Thii my retnat, but onlf bee, 

Who made both It and mee. 
The heart of Han, what An can e're rereal ? 

A Wall Impenloni betireen, 

DlTldei the nxj Peru wilbin, 
ADd doth the Heart ofmaner'n bom h idf conceal. 

Sbe ipoke, but ^n ihe waa awar^ 
Harv^ wax with her thoe. 
And held this sUppcry Pntna in a diain. 
Tin aD hermlglitf MTSterlea sbe dercry'd ; [= te*ealed 
Whicfa from hii wit th' attenipi belbre to bide. 
Was tbe fint Thmg that Nature did in Tain. 

He the youBf Piactiw of New Ufe did ne, 
Whn'M to conceal iti K^lwiae Poratjr, 
hfora UvinKwrooght, both hatd, aodpilntdy. 

Before tbe LItct tindentood 

Tbe noble Scarlet Dye of Blood, 

Before one drop *■• by It madn. 
Or broivbt Into it, to let up tbe Trade ; 
BeftKC Ihe untaught Heart began to beat 
The tuneful Much to vital Heat, 
Ftan an tbe SouU that liiiag Baildingt r««r, 
Wbether im|riyd for earth, or aea, or air, 
WbeUier it in tbe womb or ^g be wrou^t, 
A ttrict accotut to him is hourly brpught, 

How the Great Fabifck do* proceed ; 
What time and what matviali It do't noed. 
He to eiactly do'i the woA nirrey, ' 
A* If be hlr'd the worken by the day. 

Ttm* Harocf loagbl fbr truth in truth's own Boelc, 
Tlwaeatntta, wfatebby God hioMdf was wiit ; 

And wiMly tboagtat 'twaa fit. 
Not to read Comnienu only upon h. 
But on th' original it self to look. 
llethlok* hi Ait'i gnat Circte otbtn stand 

Loekt iq) together. Hand in Hand ; 

Ev'ry one leads ai be 1* led ; 
The tame bare path thej tread. 
And Danoe, like Fairies, a (antastick round. 
But neither change their motion, nca- tbeir gnxmd : 
Had Hattitf lo this Road confin'd his wit. 
Hi* noble Circle of the Blood, had been untrodden ;ct 
Great Doctor 1 Th' art of Curing's cnr'd by thee, 

We i^ Ihy Patient Pbyiick see, 
Prom all inTeterale diseases free ; 

Pnrg'd of old erron by thy Care, 
New^Mad, put ianh to clearer ayr. 

These Vnful Kcrets to his Pen we owe, 
And thousands more 'twas ready to bcMOw : 
Of whicli. a Barbarous Wat's luJeamwl Rage, 

Has robb'd the Ruio'd Age ; 
O cmd loss J as if the Golden Fleece, 

"VflHi K> much coat, and labour bongbt. 
And from abrr by a Great Hav Brought. 

Had sunk even in tbe Potts of Grttct. 
O coned warre 1 who can forgire tbee this? 

Houses and towns may rite again, 

And (en times easier it is 
To re-build Pauli, than any wolk of hi*. 
That mighty task none but h4iw*if f n doe. 

Nay, scarce blinielF loo now i 
For tbougta his Wit tbe fane of Age withnand. 
His Body, alas 1 and time it must command. 
And Nainra now, so loi^ by him surpaisi, 
WiU mte bare b«r Revenge on him at last.' 

(Vol L p. ija.) 

Masterful ia the in-wtxldng of ancient 
myib. with present-day fact, ApoUo and 
Daphne, and the Surgeon and his search aftei 
the 'circulation of die blood,' and onward, 
the Golden fleece and re>btiilding of St. 
Paul's, and grand the praise by the baie 
enumeration of what the great physician 
actually did, and electric the unexpected but 
inevitable denunciation of the 'Civil War' 
that intemipted such investigations and dis- 
courses ; and then the pathos of the close. 
History, biography, science, art, patriotism, 
and cunningest march of rhythm are blended 
and interblesded in this noble poem. 

I would place beside it another Ode ' To 
Mr. Hobs,' which has all the distinctive 
qnalides of the other : — 

• Vast Btdia of PkUoKflv 
I oft hsTe saeo. and read. 
But all are Stditi dfd. 
Or Boditi by Art/kiiin4d ; 
I ncTer yet the Living SmJ could lae, 
Bui hi thy Bteii and Um. 
Tis only God can know 
Whether the lair /Jta Ibon dost show 
Agree inlirely with hii own or no, 

Tb'a I date baldly tdl, 
'TIS so tUt TVbtM, 'twill SKve our Tuni as well. 
/mil, as In ffatwn, tbelr Praptrtimt be. 
As full of Ceneard thdr Varift^, 
Atjtrm the ParU upon their CmAr rest. 

/Google ^ 


As much aa Kaltat. SmpHntu rfuktf. 

Lmf did the mlghtj Slagiritt retain 
Tlw anivtrtat imUllalaal Frign ; 
&w bii awn QMmtry'i ihon-Kv'd U^ari data ; 
The nmnger Rema»-BagU did cntfljp, 
Ofmci rtiuie'd hli .<;(. and Mw thai 4*^ 
if«^Li It idf, In spile of Maimut, poMcn'd. 
And ehai'd bf « wild Dtluge from Ibe £a)f, 
Hii Uatard^ Dcv-ptanled in the TfruJL 
~ U IrapfTU Race 

KV one place : 
~ So did thl> noble Bw^in wute, 
Sunk b; d^na from Gloclei paH, 
And in the Sttteol-mttti band* It perfih'd qsllc at kit 
Then nought bat Wtrii llgrtm. 
And thoK an Sarfrimi loo, 
II ptriik'd, and It van/iM'd there, 
The Lift and £«/ breath'd □« bacamc bdt enipt7 >f £ 

The FiiUj irtiicdi aniwet'd veU tbe AiuiMt/ Fbw, 

In buren Agi, «Flidaod lugloikKtt ijt, 

And boait of fait Ftrtility, 
TMfofr Jiilitf ot fmetl Pirvtrfy. 

Food and Fnit w« most now watit : 

Unlesi ueir Laudt we ^/oxf. 
We break up T<mtt wHh SaeriUguut Hamil, 

Old KuUiih wc remove j 
To walk In ^wjiu, like tbIb Gion^, wakure. 
And wllh fond Divbuag Wandt, 

We MarA amoof tbe itad 

For Treasures tiiritd ; 
Whllit still the Liberal Earth does hold 
So maDjr Virgin Utntt otundiicnm'd GtU. 

The BaltiqMt, Stain, and the Cat^n 
And slendo-Umb'd t/idilrrraiuan. 
Seam nairow Cntti to Mm, and ody fit 
For tbe poor wretched Fi4Jur-boati of tfiA 
Thy nobto Vaitl the vast Ortflx tries. 

And nothbig lees but Stiu and fiwj, 

"nil unknown Kigioiu It daccies. 
Thou freal Cal-umhu of the Gtldia Landt if n 

Thy Talk wal hardet modi than his, 

For Iby leun'd Amtriia Is 

' Not only found out first by tkm. 

And nidely left lofnttirt Induitty, 

But thy £ibr)w>ux and thy WU 

Bias ft^nUd. t*i^Ud, huM, aod tiviUJd h. 

I little thought before, 
(Nor, belDg my nM itffaafctr. 
Could comprdiend so TaM a £<0n() 
That all the SVttrdrvf* Of tidi Blafumei 
Covld have afibrded half euongfa. 
Of irigit, of fuw, and ioiMiv Stuff, 
To doaih tbe mighty Umis of thy gigantttt StMM. 

Thj K^d KtaiM Bks Ibe ^UuV Grtim HaafM 

To tbe Tnf*m Harat gtren. 
Too Mroog W take a kfmk from any mottal Dan, 
VetiUacawkfa Ci^U end C«u in evtfy Put. 
And (fWAnoniigiBT'dbritaetaan'ilHaiidaf^rt/ 

A ,5iHJ^that giTCs \m^ 

Even to the Batmiti Sight, 
Thea. when tbey'ic sore to ;*■ the Cn>*<« '/': 
Nor caa the Snam which now etdd Af doM itwd 

Upon thy reverend Head, 
Qoench or allay d>e noble Firtt within, 

But all which thou Ivn tea. 

And all that Yatiik can if, thoo'rt yet, 

So liilly Mill dost thou 
Enjoy the Maiikaed, and the Bteem of Wit. 
And aU the Nattavl Htat, but not the Aotw too. 
So Cantrariti on AUna'i Top conspire; 
Hen hoaiy f^f A, and by than biwkt ou ^ire .- 
A secure Piaa Oiefaittfiil NdgUfm keefi, 
Tb' embolden'd Sioib next to the Flamti doe* ili^. 

And if we weigh, like tAo, 

Naturt, and Cauui, we shall see 

That thus it nttdi mnil it. 
To Things Immortal Timt can do no Wraag, 
And that whldi never ia fe <^, for e*a mmt be VtiKg.' 
(Vol IL p. 19.) 

Kindred with these in die present charac- 
teristic is ' Reason : the use of it in divine 
nutters,' which, ritiged and ringed like tbe 
trunk of an oak of a thousand feats, has 
touches of grandeur that only transiently are 
met with anywhere, e-g. dose of sL s- I* » 
good-reading for your admirer of the Ages 
of Fold), and dealen in what are called 

* mysteries': — 

• Some bHnd thenuelves, 'oau*e posiibtr ibey may 

Be led by other* a right way ; 
They btdU on Saadt, whkfa If Dnmofcd they find. 

Til but beouua ihare wm no Win± 
Leea hard 'd*, not to Ene our sdvei. tben knov 

If out Fore-fatbcTs en'd or no. 
WhenwetnutUenoanDsmingGod, iMIhen 

Tnut not Ood cooMning Men, 
Vlilotti, and Iniplretfons some expect, 

Thdr couraehen to direcL 
Uke ernrltin Cbymisti tbdr own wealth destroy, 

Imagtaiaty Gold I' enjoy. 
So Stan appear to drop to us tirtan tUe, 

And gild the paoage at they fly : 
Bat lAen tbey bll, and meet ih' oppodog Oroimd. 

What butaic^dSlmeli foimdr 




And BMUnl-Fomi obonchb 
So Eodor'i wiMclMd Sanmtm. ahbo^ 

Sbe Sul thraagh hii dlignlw did know, 
Tm wtaad tb« DeiU cmmi up dlaftdi'd, Aaotei, 

Bdwld, thsOodiHte. 

In vain, alu, ibcae ouMoid Hopet are byd ; 

ReaMo. which (God be pcaU'd I] BiU WkUh, for an 

It* <dd CMgJnal Fall 
And liDce h lelt tbe bonndlest QodbMd jofo'd 

With ■ Reasonable Hind, 
It idainlf ihnn that MjMetfei Dirine 

May with imr Reaion jc^n. 

Tbe Holj Book, Uks the Eighth Sphera, doet ibliM 
Wth thonMcd Ughu of Tmih Divine. 

So DnmbcrieM tiia Stan, that to tha Ejre 
It makea bo) aQ one Onlaxie. 

Vet Reavoa miHtaMlM Mo, far In Saaa 

And than through CUnk« and KeHxilea peep. 
Though it, like Mosei, b; a lad command 
Htut not come into th' Holj Land. 

It were my olmoet ad ap*riuram UM to 
iUastrate the masiive thou^t of these poems 
irith tenfold further examples; and as in 
FU1.KK G&ZV1LLZ, Lord Brookk, I most 
hold ttut a Poet who gives m sacb quantity 
and quality trf thought may be forgiven a 
good deal otherwise. But as a rule, the 
great thick-coming thoughts ol Cowley 
are all set to inusic, if only we have ears to 
catch it 

ip.) Imagimitiffn. Without this at once 
h^hest and deepest of endowments, a Writer 
might be a supreme Thinker, but not possibly 
a FoeL Bacon is an ultimate proof— fc« 
he did not write Shakespeare's Flays. Ima- 
gination again without substantive thought, 
is apt to d^cnerate into rhetoric, and cheat 
itself into the belief that that is poetry — as 
in your Featuses and the like. The com- 

bination of ' high thought ' with ' high ima- 
ginatioo' is that rarity which we call pottic 
genins. I affirm that Cowley had this oom- 
binadon. I claim it for him on the strength 
of his poems of Friendship — already cited-— 
and his Agaiiut Hept and For Hopt. Take 
also his Lament for Ms. Willum Hkrvxy 
(quoted, pL txxix.). It is interpenetrated with 
the lustre of imagination — not like the thia 
surface iridescence of the soap-bubble but 
rather of the humming bird, or dove's neck. 
Let Mr. Gosse relieve me of any charge 
of mere editorial hero-worship — 'This ex- 
cellent and gifted lad,' says he \i.e. Her- 
vey], 'like another [Arthur H.] Hallam, 
was taken away suddenly by fevei in the 
midst of his hopea and laboiin. Cowley 
cel^rated his memory in an elegy of unusual 
directness and tenderness : — 

" Ye Bdda of CambtldgE, onr dear Oaitl)Hidg«, M;, 

HsTc je not wen u waUdng every dsf ? 

Wa* there s Tree atont which did not luo* 
The Lora betwixt oa two? 

Henodbrth, jre gentle Tma, for erer fade ; 
Or yoiu m& BnuKha ihkkei joj'oc, 
And Into darkiome ihadea coiiil>iae ; 

Darit as the Giare wherein 017 liiend vras laid." 

•This seems to prc^hesy of that later lovely 
dirge of Tkyrtu^ and the tree that knew the 
soul of the Scholar-Gipsy ... the poem 
. . . gathers fire and force in the last 

" And If the gtMioot Saints cease not to know 
Thetr wretched Friends who Gghl with Life below ; 
Thy Flame to Me does still the suae abide, 

Onelf more pure and larifyed. 
There whilst immoital Hymns thou dost leheise, 
Tbon dost with holy pllj see 
Ow dull and earthly Poe^, 
When Grief and Ulscr; can bejoyn'd with Vatw"' 
(As before, p. 708.) 

Imagination like Henry Vauchah's vision 
of eternity, girdles the entire poem as with ' a 
great ring of light' But finer still is the 
Lament for Richahd Crashaw (quoted in 
iiiU, page Ixxviii), on which again I will allow 
the same clear-eyed critic — always so when he 

dbyGoot^lc — 


doesn't pat rai a smokf or jamutice-yelloir 
pair of spectadca, to the ■mitinf; a noUe pair 
of eyei on the instant with colour-blindnesa — 
Mr, Gosse, to speak : — 

' Bat the fine elegUc qn«lilie« of Uicm memotUI 
voKt on Vxnvj [Hcrrer] «re qsJckened into ttrdonr, 
n>7, we XBM.j ftlmoit nljt fiied into nptiue, m tbe 
liDM on Cimihkw. Id tbe first cue, ibe poi£nuit 
legiet of mn intinuoe uid prime wirow inipired the 
poem ; b the lecond, the public low of * poet 
whom Cowlej ralgbl be wdl fbrgiTen lor ftucTuig 
abiolatd^ tnpmne, eomUned with penonil picf u 
the Ion of & friond, Friendihlp and PoetiT were the 
two mbject* that alom tet Cowle]^ pecalUr gift* on 
flame. Languid or inancxre [7?] on other (ubjectl, 
on tbe«e two he nerer Ikiled to be eloquent Is the 
eleg7 on Cnubaw thete eomlnned to itimnUta hit 
Ifric power* to their ntmoat, and the lenlt wai 
matt brillianL . . ■ Ootcaat and reviled ai a rene- 
gade dergTman and a Papitt, bwdlr a voice ui 
England wai ruied to hit [CiMhaw*!] honou: lare 
that of Cowlej, who never &iled in nunlf and 
conragKMu acta of fidditj, " Poet and taint," be 
begini, braving all criticiim in the ontiet, " tbon an 
now in bcavoi, cnmpiniaa of the angdt, who when 
they call on thee for longi, can hav« no greater pleatore 
thanlohearthineoIdeaithlyhTmnt." "Thyipotleit 
mate," mjt Cowley, "like Harj, did cmtain the 
Godhead ; and did 'ii«^«in to ting of any lower 
matter than eternity." In thit ttrun heproccedihalf 
throng^ the el^^, and then in a (ndda «cttuy of 

■' How well {bkal Swan) OA Fate contrive thy Death, 
And made thee render op Iby tnnefd] breath 
In tby great Hiitren Anm? tbou mott divine 
And ilehett Offering of Lontlo'a dirina 1 
Where like tome b^ Sacrifice t' expire, 
A Fever burnt thee, and Love ligtiti the Fire. 
Angela (tbey ny) brought tbe bmed Cbappel there, 
And bore Ibe lacred Load in Tciumph thro' tbe aife. 
'Tit lurer much they brought thee there, and They, 
And Tbou, tbdr chugc, went tinging all tbe way." 

[Vol. 1. p. I4&] 
' But he feeli it needful to apologtae to the An^ican 
Church for saying that angelt led Crathaw when 
from her he went, and that tbe elegy finally windi 
" His Faith perhaps in tome nice Teoents might 

Be wrong ; his Life. I'm luie, wat In the right. 

And I my selfa Cathtdid will be, 

So far at lean, great Saint, to Pray to Ihee. 

Hail, Bard Ihumphant ) and some care beMow 

On UI, tbe Poets MiUlani below ! 

Eajxia'd by TyraoNLove to avage Bentlt and Ftea 
Tbon ban low e«rdi bi Doblw name* didn tiM, 
And, Uke Elitah, momu Alive Iba akka, 
EUdia-like (but with a with much let*. 
Mate fit thy Gieatneu, and my Liltlcoem) 
Lo hoc I beg, {I whom tbon once didst prore 
So humble to Esteem, to good to Love) 
Ko( thai thy Spirit rnighl on me Doubled be, 
I aik but kal/ibj mighty Spirit for Me. 
And when my Muse loart with to itnmg a Wing, 
'Twm leant of thbigsDivbie, andfintottbeetoriog." 
[Vol L p. i+i] 

' Tbe reader will not want to be pemaded that 
these are very cxqniaite and very brilliant line*. Had 
Cowley written often in tnch a nervnot tttain ai thit, 
he had needed no intei>t«ter or apologiit to-day ; 
nay moee, Dryden, hit occnpalion gone, would have 
had to pour the vigour of his genius into tonte other 
dianneL The tendemen of tlie allusion to Cradiaw't 
mfleringa and petaecntion, the tact and tweetnen of 
the plea for hit taintahip, the todden pattion of 
invocadoo, the modert yet fervoit prayer at the ckxe, 
all theee are fUidtiea of the fitit onls ' (a* befare, 
pp. 7»9-3o.) 

Mr, Gosse de trap adds 'of ritetmical 
poetry.' I substitute ' imaginative poetry ' ; 
for the love and wistfiilness, the grief and 
Teaming, are empurpled with that Ught that 
comes not ' from sea or land.' I do not care 
to fiurther amplify on this. The stndent- 
Reader put on the oudook, will find that in 
most imlikely places imagiiiadoii edges with 
g^ory many and many a strong and noUe 
thought, again rmderiog the unhappy pbnae 
'a writer whose verses were but galvan- 
ized at the outset ' no less a panulox than a 

((.) Passion. We have thouobt and in 
a sense Imagination (or rather the smallet 
thing Fancy) in Mars Akenside. What 
he lacked — and the lack of which has made 
the ' Pleasures of Imagination ' monumenttl 
rather than ' living,' with all its fine qualities 
and pomp of words — was emotion or passi<»i. 
Cowley had this third element in kind if less 
in degree than the other two. I have vindi- 



cated hia Lore-Poems at genuine not merelr 
artistic, as experienced not devised, as bom 
of the heart not mere literaiy frost-work. I 
abide by what I have stated. Similarly I 
have invited attention to the tenderness, the 
■oftness, the sweetness, the yearning, the 
homanness of aU his Poems of Friendship, 
of— to recur to Pope — the 'language of 
his heart.' These accoidingty ratify my 
claim for him as possessing passion. The 
Seader will do well to turn back upon 
aome of the poems that have been examined 
under other lights, and read them in this 
ligtaL If he do so, he will discern Tenn3r- 
ton's exclamation, wrathfiil and ruthfiil 'I 
haveyW/,' inscribed over most. 

By Passion I do not mean at all the Sybil's 
contortion, but I do mean the Sybil's inspira- 
tion. The thought is not only illumined 
with imagination, but made to pulsate with 
feeling, whenever and wherever the emotional 
it touched. Usually it hides itself away in a 
line, a half-line, an elect epithet Sometimes 
indignation bums to well-nigh scorching, but 
acaicely betrays itself exc^t in an under- 
tone <£ sarcasm. Hoe is one example that 
just offers, and as the race is not extinct to- 
day, I am tempted to fetch it fi»th : — 

' Some men thdr ^Dda Hke tbdr Fidth dcslve. 
And think all HI bat tlMU whkh Room doci five' 

(VoL t p. I44< <»>■ a, L 9.) 

Again: — 
' Hii Faith, p«*«pti In lome nice tenanti ml^t 
Bi VToaK ; Ui Lib, itenn, wufntlMTisfaL' 

(OtCrutwir, Mbetoe.) 

How the lip curled in scorn in the former 
couple^ of the ritualistic apers of Popery, as 
to-day it would have done over our maligners 
of the Reformers and Reformation I Then 
note the fine scorn of the 'perhaps' in the first 
line of the second couplet, over-against the 
'I'm sure' of the second line; and how 
absolute the passion of contempt toward the 
orthodox churchman (Protestant) whose 
life was ' evil ' and not ' nght ' t 


He could hit hard, at 
'Sodielutdno thoDgbUMill, bainar'datidgu'd.' 

[Vol IL p. 96. L 3^.) - 


'Bkamal ho« fvlfl end growing wni hii V^ ? 
The Wingi of Tlow Ban'd dnUr nftei iL' 

(IHd. p. 86. L sa^t 
— &r better dian Dr. Johnson's tomeirtiat 
grotesque : — 

' Pantipg Tfme toU'd After him In TRin,' 
Once more : — 
■ Writing, Uan'i ipirimnl Ph^rick mi not then 
It lelf, u DOW, grown ■ DiMue of Men.' 

{/«rf. PL sa, L 786.) 

Yet again: — 

' Fancy wild DuDe ' . 

lOid. p. 58. L 440.) 

Finally here 1 — 
' And Kara ongfat now of that Tut 017*1 foand 
Bat ihardi uid inbbish, which weak signs mi^t keep 
or bre-pait GI017, and bid TiaTdlcTS weep. ' 

(/«i p. 60, L 713.) 

Having begun with Passion at its deepest 
in Love and passed to it as mellowed in 
Friendship and then as resonant in Sarcasm, 
I would now little more than name his Wit 
and Humour. This has been incidentally 
brought out in an earlier part of this Intro- 
duction ; but I deem it expedient to empba- 
sise it as more particukrly revealed in 
Love's Riddle, Nauftagium Joculare, and 
Cutter of Coleman Street and GuardiaiL 
I do not marvel that his portraitures of the 
' faded ' Cavaliers as of the ' Puritans ' sent 
the Reader and Hearers of the latter two 
into a roar. There are inimitable touches 
asides, and glancing Htt of manners-painting 
and character-painting that I 'd right gladly 

/i^ooglc — 


have enlarged npon if 1117 waning apptaated 
■pace dentaoded not reprewion. 

{A)Or^mality, From the outset in 'Poeti- 
cal Blossomea' onward, Cowley 'duM^t,' 
' iiMn-iHwi^ ' 'i^t' for iiitMyif An omni- 
voroua yet Cdkured Seadec, he kq)t liim- 
■df rdnady independent on others. He 
asiimilatcd ladier than anMDpnalad when 
from either classical or scriptnial soaroca be 
drew ioqnration and impulse. His most 
diaracterisdc work has this stamp of origin- 
ality. Spknsir himself, though immoitally 
praised, is tcsrcely tntceable from first to last 
He has aspiration as a boy, after Waller (I. 
io4,st9). Even'rareBen'andShakespeare, 
though inevitably read and reread and 
tored ' tUs side idolatry,' have left slightest 
impress upon him. I can only recall two 
leminiscences of Shakespeare. The first is 
in Davideu (IL 45, U. 51-6) : — 

'Wdl did ha know. 
How a tftcae main doa vild «nd dM(weat i^nr 
B7 nnjuit Ibroe ; he now vitta WKOtoD play, 
lUne* Ae ndUnc banb and gHdat nrar, 
- Bat hi* ImowD dunncl Miqit, begim to ran. 
And an31 with nfc, and bnflat the dnll ibxB.* 


< Tan G m a tmt m tf Kwa. *. 7.) 
The second is in the EUgit on the DeiM 
4 Mrs. Anx Whitfield >- 

'And 10 Ae went to imdiKOTeted Reldt, 
FtaB wboBce «o pail hope of rediminc jaridi, 
Ta V9 Itonlltr.'— {Vol I. p. at). 
SuniXL TtiMOj. is so^ested bf this : — 

WMi imMwJ Twpaiiilan to that Eatth 
WhkbhoUipKWT'dhlaLih andcanfaimhiilh.' 
JVoL IL 3J6/3, 1. e.) 
Compare Daniel, Sonnet 47 . — 

BinxiA oune afis our Poet, and so 

"Far whataoeV we popetnte 
We do tat xvw, we're taa'i br Fats.' 

lemes uBcfaaUeagedt his 

So too Hilton found his * spear ' for Satan 

and other things besides In 'Davidds': — 
' Hti tpear the Tnink wai erf a loft; Tiec 
WUdi Naton BMaat mne tan lUpT* matt Aoald be; ' 

WiLLiAif CuLLXN Bryant (as before) thus 
signalises 8(»ne of the 'conveyings* from 

■In losing o*er CowIct*! poent^ I have foand 
•ome inrtancCT in whiii Pope buiiuwed from hiia 
witAOQt adknowladgnicnL It fa fancOf to be mppcaod 
tiM an aatbor of rack kife oripial teaowoc* at PofK 
■faooUdotluapvpai^. ItidchtbeAatkedidk 
VDOOOKioul;. Haw ii «nc*T»mplo. C0WI9, intfas 
" Davideit," n;> of the Hctnah :— 
" Round the wlMk earth Hi* dreaded s«ne than *oa^ 

And reach toworidi tliat mnat not^et be fbond." 

'Pope, in the "Ena; on Ciitidiin,'' sa;* rf tbe 

"Nadont nnbom jottr nlKfatj namei ibaH tonnd. 
And worldv a|^>laud that nmat not yet be fennd." 
*CowIc7 in a paraphnfe of one of Hotace'i Epodea, 

Or mBh J«R an ^lara w Urn doar. 

HatOM the mamof tha aiabla hare; 

Hie weQ-mooth'd degt' glad concot rendi the ali." 

'Thetelinei appear in Pope't "Vflndaor Forett," 

"Not 70t when nunit Anetami doods tlie Ay, 
Hie woodi and Geld* thdr pleaiii^ toili den; j 
To {dafau with wdl-breatked l>eaglea maatfiit. 
And UBoe the maie* of tbe drcliqc hare." 
■ Bnt Cowlcf ii *• nptieat that he caa wdl aAad to 
lend, and I dDH^aNoring tbe reader that if he will 
look oret Cowley'i poemt he wiU find modi thai, if 

bo«twl-K ' M M». I>^ 3la*^ 

Ereiy one knows the still dears misap- 
propriation of the couplet from die elegy on 
Crashaw, ({uoted a little way back (page 
Very familiar too is this . — 
' For tiie whole Wodd wlttaoot a nallTe booM 
Ii nothing but KpdMn ^larger roome.* 

(I. i»a.wl.i,aT*> 

Digitized b/CjOOQiC 


It aeedi only to reaU, the origiual of 
Covper'a line : — 

*God mide tta ftaaOxf, nd mu maAa the town,' 

in Cowley's 

Few who uae two phrases ' familiar in our 
mouths as household words ' are aware that 
they belong to Coiriey, as thn^ ' If we com- 
pare great things with small' (I. 136, coL i, 
St. 8) and the other 'by the bye,' iriiich, 
occurring as it does in ' The Chronicle,' gives 
rae an opportunity of transferring hither the 
ipdghdy intiodiictioD to it by Uary Rnasell 

'Thnpo^HHCibifvlKlr nneqwiL BatM I for 
ny own prime teocukw, am wgnt toRsoitto toch 
innocait pdetiei as the fatbtn of HOg hare be- 
qneaAed to u, k> I addon bil to piemit tb^ to 
1117 rcMlen ; and It bappoa Oat tbe pfalloKipher, 
lAom we hare wen dealing with h^^ *^ 1^^ 
tboaglit*, dwcanting like a hennit on the jojtof toG- 
tnde and the delighti of the ctnmtij, — ■tm^ in thiA 
lopect hii odea are nothing infciiix to hii Eiia|i i-~ 
it happena that thi* identical Cowley halh left behind 
him the plaaMBteM of all plcsMat *"H«^ irikicfc 
OMtld hardly have been pro^ieed by aay mm vccciit 
a tbomngh tnan <d the worid. It 1* entitled " The 
Chronicle,'' aad coatalaB a oatalogae of aD the Cur 
Isdka with whan he had at iMueut tinea been 
enamoorcd. Vvra waa Ktt more amodng. It 
abooads in happy ttaili,— especially the one whidi 
tdlt to half an honr how long a liQy beanty may hope 
to retain the heart of a man of lenae^ Hie exprenLon 
whcB the haag^ty Isabella, nncon»cioni of her ea«- 

Simn "by tbe bye," has pawed into omc of thoe 
^Dverba, of whidi donbtleaa aa of maay oHmt by- 
woidi. Owy wb0 BM iheM hide faan the oristai. 

' "The Chroaide * waa wiWcn twohndrcd jtm 
ago. Ladiv, dear laiBe^ if we eonld be noe tbat do 
van would opoi Hiia boc^ if weweteall toKctheiln 
(lonale) pariiament BMcmbled, withotit a tingle nule 
ereatnre within healing, mlBht we not adJ)owled|[e 
dial the tea, eqiediUy that part of it fbnnerly called 
coquette, and now known by the nameof Birt, ia vciy 
Sttle altered tince the daja of the Heny UoMardi? 
aad that a m^ji*^ liit OMBpiled by tone gay badkdor 
of BdgiMh M«ht, aDowi^ fccdlfcoKaa of eatton 

(e.) QuAiMT Oddtit. — Wthout i 
iboohitely the cooinonly allied i 
of alliance between genius and insanity, or 
attempting to break down the ' *^™ partt 
tions' that are held to 'divide' them, it 
cannot be disputed that every tnily original 
intellect forma its own Tocabidary and 
' Grammar of Assent ' irixieby to ezprew 
itael£ From Chaucbx to ^disbb, and 
frocn Sfkhsek to SHAKzspxaRi^ and from 
Shakispkakk to Sis Thomas Bxowrk, and 
from Six Thomas Baowiri to Chaxls 
Lamb, and from Ckaklu Lamb to CHAai.n 
DiccKHS, Thomas Hood, and Thomas 
Cakltli, words have been aeated by each 
separate Thhtker, and each has had his own 
way k£ looking at things. So that in a world 
so fiiU of the odd and unexpected, it ii in- 
evitable that original genius will import into 
its written words the odd and naexpected. It 
is notably so with Cowlejr. The (oDTerified) 
tndition is that lie was silait in otmtpany, 
not at all a 'Table Talker :' only a aolitar; 
anecdote has come down ^>parently of any- 
thing like repartee^ to wit; liis spring to Ned 
Howard — 'Fray, Mr. Howard, if you did 
read your grammar, irtiat harm would it do 
you?" (Pope's Letters to a Noble Lord.) 
But eerUt his printed pages sparkle with wit 
and humour, and yield memorable thtn^ 
from thnr odd quaint way of being put Is 
it Shbridah who has the credit of having 
said to some candidate for admission to a 
' character ' ball or entertainment, who was 
hesitating how to get himself up, ' go for once 
as a gentleman, and then it wilt be an eSectnal 
disguise?' I am not exactly certain at the 
moment ; but we have it long ago in ' Cutter 
of Coleman Street' aa thus ^— 'Cutter, |xethee 
take one disguise now more at last, and put 
thy self into the habit of a Gentleman.' <L 
i8i/s, 11. 13-14.) 

I SMoUKIIaat «f a Umobt Uft (N Mtn) L pp. sMok 



If the Reader be oa the aleit, he will 
meet with many such pleasant 'quips and 
quiddities.' But by 'quaint oddity,' I in- 
tend rather Cowley's most oiiginal mode of 
catching bold of toiot out-of-the-way fact 
or name or incident or tnut of character, 
and compelling it to do aerrice in uttering 
his thought I grant that hb scientific 
research and studies in physic and materia 
medico, mar o' times his thought, and send 
the mind off on demeaning tracks. Never- 
theless per u, "biifarUastiqut of wit, his [lay- 
ing with a fancy, his verbal masquerade, his 
grave-bced fiin, his swift-darting jestfulness 
commend themselves to me, and all the more 
that all is so quietly done, being slipped in, 
and away. I cannot dwell on this, but it 
must be briefly illustrated. Turning then to 
the commencement of the Works, if not 
in ' Poetical Blossomes,' yet in the juvenile 
poems, we find this characteristic. Thus how 
fielidtous is the boy-giavity hiding his sense 
of the absurdity of his foolish maligners in 
Ae Epistle to die 1636 edition of ' Poetical 
Blossomes ' (I. 1 9). Then in his ' Vote ' or 
Vow, could anything be better than his gird 
at your eclesiastical place-hunter i 

' From Smging-men'i Religion ; oho tit 
AlwKjrei SI Church Jul like the Crowes, 'caote 
The]' build themielTei a neil.' 

(VoL I. p. afi, I 


Not less happy is his Aaf at the grand missal- 
like illuminated 'presentation' poems to 
patrons — in vain, by starveling rhymers : — 

' Ftom V» mnoh P0M17, iriilch (hlnea 

With gold in nothiiv but its liiu>> 

Prae 6 jou powtn, mj brc«t' {JHd.) 

The 'Poetical Revenge' brims with fiia 
I suppose the last line 

Titaa who bears Sdiollen' uuiie^ leM loiiu one take 
Spleoie, and another ignvramui make,' 

{IHi. f. 87), 

hint^ at the production of a replica of the 
old comedy named 'Ignoiamns,' that so won 
King Jamei i. 

I now gladly find a place fot the sequel 
of that lightly- touched scene in Love's 
Riddle formerly quoted (p. xlvi). The 
Lambian humour vX both is surely very fine 
and whole-hearted, and would alone vindi- 
cate my claim of quaint oddity and humour. 

' Emttr Tmga. 

TIw Chnudde of a bnndred jean afM I 
How nunj Crowes bUh ihe outliv'd 1 ttire death 
Hath quite forgot her : bj this Mtmtnta mtri 
I muM InvcDi tome tiick to hdpe Palmmom. 

Tru. I un foinc ijaine lo CaB i denti, 
But I have got a better preMDt now, 
My owns ring made of good Ebonj, 
Which a TOng haodiome ibepheaid beKov'd on me 
Some fburesoore rem agoe ; then tbej all tor'd ms. 

Now lie begia the worfce, Reraend T^tifQ, 
Wboie eieiy Autuuuw ebmrea bow ^orioiil 
The ipring-llme of jronr youth w a« 

Tm, Are jron come 
To pot jrour moi^ upon me ? 

Al. I doe coDlesK indeed my fbnns ipeecbea 
Have beene too nide and nucy : I hare flung 
Madde jeHl loo wildly al you ; but eotuidcring 
The r e ^ ereo e e whicb ii doe to age. and Tcnae, 


t them? (Oh for an oayoo now I 
Or I ituU laugh alowd ; ha, ha, ha 1) Aiidt. 

Tm. Alaa gtxxl loul^ I doe fotgire yoa ttnlj ; 
I wouldnot havoroDweepefor mei Indeed 
I eya thought 70U would repent al laiL 

Al, You migbl weD. 
But tbe light valewlng of your worth and TCtttie 
Halh lum'd Ihe IbDy of mj tormer morn 
Into a wiie- ievei«nce ; pardon ma 
If Ivy km. 

TVw. 1, I. with aH my beait, 
Bnt doe yoo ipeake dnoerelr ? 

.4J^ Oh I it grievea me 
That yon itKHild doobt it ; wbat I ^xifea bcte« 
WoelyM, iheoff^iKingaf afo^ith iMtuieNi 
I see eome ipaiki adll of your former beaiUTi 
Which ipigfal cf time will flourish. 

Tm. Why. I am not 
So ^d as you imagined; I am yet 
Bui iburescore yeares. Am I ajaanary now? 
How doe you tbinke f I ahnyea did bdocM 
You'd be of anotber opfnkMi one day ; 
I know you did botJesL 

Al. Oh no, i^ no, (I see it takes) AMt. 

How yOD bdy your age (or let me w e 

A Bian wookl take yot»— tot mt •»*— far— 



NMAJotRKiRlnnare. Addi. 

Tn. Oh DO I jm fiatto' ma. 
But I looke lomelUiig fresb Indeed tUt moning' 
I OxkM pkan CtOidmu ndgfadljr, 
Bat 1 1e not goe pohapa ; thiiUknrfl 
As hambeme quite m Iw and I parcdve 
Heloveiiiielingaljr; I proteM I iriU dm AriSt, 

Hne Urn grow madde, wfaldi be raaj diaaca n doe 
If 1 «hotdd lM«r loonw him. 

A/, I ha*c KMUCthltig ha« 
WUcfa I would bine rarcDl to TOO, bid dara not 
Witboiit jponr UeeDee. 

Tm. Doe io Am'! name, doe ; now, dow. 

Al. The aamdj grmitj wtikh adornei joo! age, 
And make* foa mn teeme lordy, bath m ttrncka 

7W. Alai gnod mile I I rnnit 10008 cor at ftnl, 
But DM loo IodKi ioT feon I ifaaald quite km him. 

^J^ Thai I iball perish ntttrlr, tmleue 
Toot gcDtle Damn bdpe we. 

TVw. Ala* food Shepbcard 1 
And ta trelh I fttoe would helpe yoa 
But 1 am part thoBs Tamtkt of lore; 

At. OhMt 
Win Damre wUch p wjei i'd roar Ub tm dow 
Doth It bec ame 70a ihonld oijo; tbew pleanta 
Which doa belong to Ule ; if 700 deny me, 

rn. Wdl, roa diimld not win me 
But that I am loaih to be held the eanse 
Of anr TODDg man'i mine ; doe not thlnke It 
Uj want of chaadljr, but 1117 good naluTB 

.^j: AbprMtjrnnlel AsiA. 

Horn mpfte 'tb Uke wax before the Stm I 
Now cannal I dioje bat Uiie her, there '■ the ptagoe 

Lei'i then jojpne oar beaiti, and Male dieni with a 

7>jL Well, let M tfaen : 
Twoe indTlIitj to be fonr driitor ; 
lie glTc backe agalne jour Une, iweet heart. 
And cotne hi th' efteniixnie, lie lee fou ; 
My hniband will be gone to leU «oine klne, 
And Jfylatt tending tlie iheepe, till then 
nrewell good Dock. {Ofin la /m.) 

BudoeToaheare, because 70Q ehaD remember {TKma 
To cmne, lie gJTc thee here thli Ebon ting; tad.) 
Bat doe not weaie It, Isn mj hntbend duuee 
To lee't : Farewell Dncfc. 

Al Lett ber hubaiid chance 
Toaae't; (be cannot deajr thli, bae'ienongb; 
Uf Scceae of Io*e ii dooH thai ; itihegotie? 
rk CSU Imi back ; bo Tnga; TVafa ho : 

Tru. WhjdoeToacaHineDtidi? 

Al. Only toaduonefooUdiqneRionoflbee: 
Ha'il jOD a hubaodr 

Tm. Yea, 700 know 1 haie. 

AS. And doe }0Q love him r 

Tru. Wbydoerxiiuke? I doe. 

Al. Yet fou can be aonieot to mabi Urn cuckold 1 

Tru. RathM' then to lee jou pariah En foor BameL 

Al. Whf ait then now two bnndrad jeatm of agct 
Vet hMI no more discretion b« to Ihioke 
Thai I eould bre thee 7 ha, ha, were 1 mfae 
I'd* sell thee to aotoe gardiner ,' thou wonldtt ktk 
To tcare away the tbeeres ai well ai crowts. 

Tm. Oh, joa're dispoe'd to Jatt I lee, RtiewdL 

Al. Nay, I'me In Tery earnest ; I lore yon ? 
Why thy Sue Ii a Tiiard. 

Tng. Leare off ibeK trick*, I Ihall be angiy dae. 
And take away the bnnm I bestow'd. 

AL Til knowne that thou hast eye* by the hdea 

Whldi are cnpt fanber in, then thy note otil. 
And Ihat 's ■Imoit a yard ; thy qnarrding teeth 
Of Inch a colour are, that they thenuelTes 
Scare ooe anotba, and doe stand at distance. 
Tbyiklnhangilooaeasiftt [ear'd the bone* 
(Pot flesh thou hast not) and is grovme so black 
That a Wilde CentaoTE would not meddle with thee. 
To ooDclnde, Nature made thee when ihe wa* 
Only dispos'd tojest 1 and length of time 
Halb nnde Itaee more ridiculous. 

Tru. Base TiUaine, is this your lo*e i 
OJTe me my ring agaioe I 

Al. No, no ; lofl there : 
I intend to beMowe ll on your bniband ; 
He'le keepe it belter faire then you have done. 

Trug. What ihall I doe? Alufis good Al-fii. 
Stay bat a little while, pray doe but beare me. 

Al. No, lie cotae to you in the aftemoone, 
Your husband will be selling of gome kine 
And Hyla£t tending the sheepe. 

Trtt. Piay beare me, command me anything 
And be but silent of this, good Al^s; 
Hn^, Hugh, Hugh. 

.,4/. Yes, Yea, I will be dleat, 
ria only Uow a tmmpet on yon hUL 
Till aH the oonntrey •wtdne* are flot^l abotil me, 
Then shew the ring, and tell the pasKgai 
Twixt yon and me. 

Tru. Alas r I am undone. 

At, Well now 'tis ripe ; I have bad sport enough 
SlDoa I behold your peoilaitlall tearei ; 
I1e propose this 10 you, if you caaget 
Your t^uigbler to be married to Palmme» 
This day, for lie allow no kniger time ; 
To moiTow lie restore yooi ring, and iwaaie 
Never to mentloa what is pan belwtit us, 
If not yon know iriutt lidknres — >ttke your choji«. 

Tru. I'le doe my beat endevoor. 

Al. Ooe make haste then, 
Ton know your time 'a bat sbort, and nse It weD : 
Now if this bile, the Divd 'i in all wit. 




I1e foe Mid thmt h fanwd. If k (ik*. 
Far 'tit tM aJtUf 

{VdL I. pp. SM.) 
From anodiei tceoe, I take * portnit of 
yonr ■ta7•■^hoIne bnes^adocio soIdiCT : — 
'Flo. Tl« ran bmn wns lbs C3tT. 
Al. tudUthtoo,Itli«alc«theDI*(lliI'ine«ai« 
It Moht np b tlicaa jaam tha whcte muu 



A pM of lorlone Opwinf, pittUnll ihiiici, 
Wbon yv» ibIimJw fat leolditfi, oDly fay 
Tbairioimdia(«uliii, ■i>dabidh)artiii, and 
Smm HkuciM wbkh ib«r ba>« kMD'd fay mM^ 
Of bMMilM IbvglU In ArriO, or PftmUi 
Whoc fiM7 tboMbM w«fe of Iha cooqwt^ ihk. 
Ahboti^ Ood kiM>in» MB of (ht Cky C>p<>h>w» 
Aim'd with broad (catft^ fgalbv, aad icailM tiaaAw, 
Whcoba Inttnwu the yovlb oa H^y-d^wi^ 
And it Bade licke with faaifidl B^TM of Om^ 
Would poK dMm In the ait Uililacy ; lb«M 
Were mr Bm LMdwa.' (/Mt p, 4B. o«L i.) 

And yet veiy little onwaid we hare qaaint 
daindnesses such as these v~- 

'BtU. What woold jion do«, tfaal Ibua jtn iKft'ocf 

Fte. Notfaf^ I MMfe dat ibodd oOMd a aafw, 
NoddDg wUofa caa caB op tfay naldai bloiid 
ToleDdlfar«MN*blqdi: noddiw which dMto 
Aad TotDOM itaaa caa dMir Ibifr Bntha* : 
IdoeooDfevel lore ran, fam the fits 
In which 7Sni» oooRHl hit ambflioBi UiMtH, 
Or that b; bolf man OB AUan Uodled. 
Is not M pure aj mine li : I would onlj 
Gaie thne npon thee : bad aif baapj tjt* 
Sometimaiwkhtboaetritfwtwwei. whidithBwIwa 
Fute happkr then 1, piayea np and downs ta. 
And loineamM wWb illy cfaetti, thoaa n^ twlna ; 
Titea gedUly tonch thy band, and cllcn Um k, 
T1D thoa thy idfe ■hoaldw dtecke ny modM^ 
And jeeld thy Upi : but (hither, thoa^ thoa dwBUa 
Like otbK maida wttb wcake nriRenca aika 1^ 
(Which I am (ve thoa wlh not) I-de net oOk 
Tm lawfoll Ifymm jojna aa bo^ md fin 

Bdl. Whidil 
Need not bealow nlt^ 
Fortune and natme hi 
WhcD th«7 made me a 

Bv Am I ea 10. etaa my lom wi 

Fw doe yoQ tbiolK wiie Naloie did InMad 


The pmftaMi of <<raMa to yaw bnaib > 

Or nnmd Atfam «f b« ^pfWK MSN 

T adotne joor chtehe* f woidd rtw baeava th« ncft 

or coraU for i«m Mpi r a^ oMA two Mama 

Aa Aey were Mlti« which Aa fom-d yooi qw of? 
Would eha ha eel*»,t«ne wort womaaMiJ^faaa 
Threedi of the >ne« fold to be year ta 

Hide it fro 
No; then 

To be the I 

Rayi'd me not np 10 hlfhar ai 

(Vol I. p. 4B, «dL a.) 
Then, how dextetously does Alupia turn 
Aphron't mooning after hia deftmct mbtresi 
into a itingiiig kU:~~ 
'Af. Batnow, now, now, BOW, gaMetenmHy : 
Hadn tboa ai many eym aa the bUcke night 
Tlwy would be aU loo Utile 1 Men thou Kfiv* f 

At. No by my troth, there an m tew on eanb, 
I ehoBld be k)lh la iwMia ihKo'i more in heaTeow 

Al. I (altbee doe. tor ecM^^ an the beam 
TImi bdpe to make 19 tha natkatlell ri(Ma 
Tbere '■ a Calfe wanting yeL 

Af. BuKay 

AL Nay, I bave lenm'd eagggb Anolofy.' 


Nta^rttgium Jotmlart has eqo&l^ ncf 
bits. Chades Johnion haa utterly mined 
or tnnamogiified them. In ' The Hiatna,' 
■ome of hia oddest tricks of thon^ and 
wording occur, e^. — 




Tk ttM pwwww mf llrfu Mil my Kwth, 
Fnm ilMt pniewdi mil tlwt I doe, 
N>r ■!! m J Thoa|tiU Md ipeatiMa loo ; 

And fWlon koo It b mj DcMh.' 

So of Seep! — 

' Urn who doit Btai (u NI^M* ta Colom doe) 
Brbv dl to m Eqodb;.* 


llien hoT baam la tlus : — 

' Hie ni7 E]PB betnle* OUT Immid ^Ult ; 

Lora of UdkUb Wl then A pail. 
Whw tbmaik II he pMt tea *■ HbH. 
Cr IT br iftuM te r^B bet*9 aot k. 

iB^uUr oBt <y the way, sotne nuj Mf 
e^uUf preporte ro aa, is the ' Ixokea beiit ' 
pained ia all inbafpteatM, likened to e dia- 
petaedumyi — 

' And BOW faki) «•* Bib IMIH put 

P«b tho wholo piia itf ■& BT H«It : 
And etay malkM ooner OllI 
lt*ei wIA the tonncDt whldi tho Whole did kUL 

Enn to rods Xzttit* wbw tba Bdd ttwy ^ih, 

Ai^faito nvenQ Qoartan get ; 

BMfe "noof dow atMOo ui4 f^o wn. 
Hm «n Jor^d !■ «M bo^r «d hefgML* 

4AU. p. 14. ibrtJmAlv A ■ a^4.) 

Sunduly odd is die demmcistion of 

* UlSCTCtlOn m lOVe^ WlfU its gmaging 

HwoartAiII, MRiploni Ejrto, 
Om «te la L0M vm «be^ 

Kecmls ens ^ra at Oiratd. 1 snow 
■Btfttitfaabeen tibau i t dfliatinbitOde 

of Wtt, ac otiginal^ prislad, in at 7, we 

' Mar a aB UMiVlHrln A- O^Arrf ««r,'— 
(Vol. L p. i|6.» 
dni^nl Itto to * bombast' 

His address to the Bishop of IJocoIn on 
his enlargement 60m the Tower Imb fa^her 
qualities in it, bat how unexpect e d is tiiis I — 

' Toa pM HI Ftomme in to good a dtVM 
That li ontibaM olhw nao'i HavfriacM.' 

(/M£ p. 140, od. I, ■. 7-S.) 
Thokas Hood might have written the 
(pieer obj m g at o i y ezclamstion : — 
' Noe laboaii I, or moiti can pmcnd 
I tUnk, PledeRlnation ondr wai mr frdnd r 


Aa/thing more absurd than the huge Ode 
upon His Majt^i^s Rtstoration and Rttum 
is scarcely cosceirable, and yet even in it 
there are things that bewny the peculiar 
genius of its author, t^. — 

■ So when the wimt />Mlt uA 
In «B tMr IheUeit eoloan, to Kt ioTlh 

A Pietart of Htrtiek worth. 
(Hm Pitmi TnjaM, m the PrvdtiH Gntk) 
They chnie khoc eamtfy Print* of lumnniy Birth, 

(No pnmd Gtgaatiik bhi of SariA, 
Who MtiTM < onp t^gaiifartiidm MtO 
Tbai iMd Mm bo* wttb Ntctar. and tfae Mtat 

Ttal canBDt wkhoiX J'i!)' be eat ; 
Bttt In tfaeiwtf cf aKx<, »ni itnrmi cS t^ine ciaHce, 
Ttaj iardm bli jvwy Virita bj degree* ; 
The itailioia Drvf Ural into let Ootifna, 
Aad into t*lid Ctfjnlal next advance. 

And from hli^tdai'iy ClN(Mi>7 flw 
Undi I* be (H/ at Stm, «Dd mnch at Zoarf, 
DoM long the face of o^f^ ^Bd> withuand. 
He does tans tmAla and long wan nMaJn, 

r<r be \itfiUal BirlttrigJU gain. 

With M len Mm or iiAmr can 

ZlMliy *»«<»»■(* a Jftw. 

Who's with Euffietent iditne fill'd. 

His ndm'i Cmmtry to rttmU,' 

{fUd. tta. St. 13.) 

Very felidtously is Tulce's ' tnuulatioo ' 
yclept * The Adventures of Eve Hours,' de- 



GioROi Crabbe must have read diligentlf 

* Dftvideis ;' for in it more than an^here elie 
I findAw odd qiuunt way of thou^t-equiroque 
(if the compound tenn be allowable) that is 
■0 ftequent in ' Nature'! itemest painter, and 
her beat' Thus :— 

' I mm him fllsf (!>" Stcoo, u If he owant 
Al OHM U* Unrdat uid bli Uainimeat.' 

(VdL IL p. 47, n. •oi;.*} 

Btn noir the «t>)r Blidt bogkit 10 ckH 

The Uoninf fonh ; a^ rau tit Sun and Sail.' 

{/Ud. p. S4. n. «*) 
'HctetMiMcatuSan topeu PhMomno, 
He bkult'd with tudden PuiicHi, «he wlih Stume. ' 
llUd. p. 5«. 11- 373/4-) 

Some cane the Thuik*. »dA bceuhlng Sb^iei bettow, 
OivinB the Tieet more Ufa thaa whoi ttaej grow.' 

iliid. p. S9. a sa8/9.) 

■ASwndiogKM, tbM It WW OBlr fit 
To uka off hii great Hcftd who came with 1l' 

{/HJ. p. 83, n. 13-14.) 
Pittan of a Pin. 
' Men thongtt, w nmcfa a Flame bj Ait wai ibown, 
Tbe Pictme'i xlf wouU (all in aihai down.' 

\,lHi. p. 8s, n. M9/S«.) 

• Tbe VtOBf now Ihla Moiuut acem'd to GU ; 

And we (metbongbti] look'd ap to him &iaii our HDL' 

{/Ud. p. 87, IL 3S5/&) 
' So a itrong Oak, which man; Yean had Mood 
With bir and floniiihiDK Bougtai, it idf a Wood.' 

(Vol I. p. 86, a sgi/a.) 
' Amtb tbotuaod Cocpi the Wajpi araand are Mrawii, 
"nu Um7. bj the Day'* PUcfat, Kcure their on.' 

{IKd. IL 603/4.} 

I may now assume, I hope, that the quaint 
oddity of Cowley haa been made good, and 
that as a mint-mark of genius, not indeed so 
coveuble as others yet to be accentuated in 
any estimate of him. 

(f.) Wordsworihian steingntss toward Nor 
turt. — ^We have found that &om his youth- 
time onwaid, Cowley had set his heart on 
a 'small house and a large garden' 
(I. Bic>gT^>hiad). The yearning never left 

him. His generoos and mudfidi Lt^alty 
held him fast, 'in the Court' of the exileit 
and in ' evil report and good report ' thai 
' busioest ' became his. But the ' paint ' did 
not cheat him. He knew that tmdei it — as 
under tbia veneers — was not heart of oak, 
but poorest pine, and that worm-holed or 
rotting. There was no attraction to him in 
the frivolous gaieties as none in the tawdry 
qtlendoun of royal circles, within which there 
was habitual suspennve waiting for 'som^ 
thing to turn up ' in the chapter of accidents 
(that Fool's Bible). So that all along he self- 
evidently fretted under the sentiment-ruled 
bondage that kept him in tbe palace when he 
bin would have been forth and ' Under the 
Greenwood.' But whilst I believe that the 
cleanness of Cowley's nature made such 
association with the uppermost of the upper 
ten in those evil days repulsive, offending as 
a thousand things inevitably did, his moral 
sense and integrity of conscience, and whilst 
consequently there could not fail to be a 
weary longing for escape from the polla- 
tions and mendacities, fripperies and riot 
of the ' glorious Restontion ' ( ' the general 
Redemption '), and to be alone with the 
purity and simplicity, the clarity and freshness 
of ' the country,' I yet wish now to accentuate 
a deeper attraction. For this I must ask to 
be sluiven of the prolepsis in designating 
Cowley's love for nature by these words, 
Wordsworthiau seeingness. It is not simply 
that he was sincere and genuine when be 
wrote to JoHM Evxlvm — ' I never had any ■i 
other desire so like to covetousnesa as that 
one which I have always had, that I might 
be master at last of a small house and large 
garden, and there dedicate the remainder <rf 
my life only to tbe culture of flowers and the 
study of nature ' (as before) ; but that the 
last, ' tht study tfHaiure,' was tbe dominating 
m4>t^. This severs him by a measureless 
distance from, e.g. Bdingbioke's professed 
cnving fiar retirement Within doors be 



wu bookish and schoUily, and Willuh 
CowPKR himself did not more enjoy 

'i part wpiJy.' 
He caiiied also, as few of his generation 
did, that 

' Inwaid e^ whidi b the bliM ^lolitvde.* 
But beyond both was the very ipiiit of 
the Uast^s beautiful as consecrating in- 
junction, ' Consider the lilies how they grow,' 
A sin^e quotatiim will vindicate the Words- 
wMthian claini I make, and guide the student- 
Reader to mark how in most unlooked-for 
idaces and turns of expression Cowley re- 
veals that he loved Nature with a consuming 
passion, and interfused it with the veiy light 
of his own soul, his soul itself the while 
transfigured of that Light ' that lighteth every 
man that cometh into the world.' Let the 
Nature-student who is disposed to post-date 
penetrative ' seeingness ' toward Nature, 
dwell upon these (as I hold them) priceless 
lines in the Essay of a Garden : — 

■ Wlura doa tb* WmImii and Ihe POww DMiM 
la a Don bright and twoet reflectloD *falae 1 
Where do we fioer nrokei and colours we 
OfOu Crtatot'i rtal Pcntry, 
Than vhen we wilfa altendon look 
UpoD the third ia,-ft volume of the Book 7 
//^Bt eotUd eft» <md ittUntl mr <tVi 
Wt aU, liJu iioui, dkmU 1^ 
Et^n ut a tutk IJu raHant DtUjr. 
Bat «e dopiie thex. His Inferior waj), 
(llioiigh DO lea full of mirsclo and pialse) 
UfOM OuJItnotrs ef ktavtn IM gatt, 
TMt ttan ^tarik na lamdtr >'■ w raiu,' 

[Vol II. p. sag.)! 

What an ineffable touch is that of the 
'Burning ^wAV Thai glancing from heaven 
to earth, from earth to heaven, how elect is 
the word 'wotider'\ Only one who had 
asftidpated Wordsworth's perhaps too pro- 

a leanalT oadlU* that Mr. T. 

traded system, could have so written. In 
these )incsptrjt, in my judgment, you have 
the back-bone thought of ' The Excursion,' 
as well as a pre-type of those miracles of 
imaginative-realistic uttoances that place 
Wordsworth at an unapproached elevation 
above all other interpreters of Nature. 
Abundant is the evidence that Cowley too 
from ' meanest flower ' had 

'Thonghtl that do lie too deep for tears.' 

I ask the Reader having this thing suggested 
to him to follow it up much as he goes into 
the woods for flowers, and he will be rewarded. 
Your superficial ' Searcher ' will only find the 
'Z^ Plantarum' or those inscribed poems 
(as was the ancient sign-board ' this is a lion '), 
that reveal by their titles something of 
Nature. Thus Joseph William Jenks, M.A., 
' lately Professor of Language in the Urbana 
University, Ohio,' in all his huge volume 
yclept '^ Rural Poetry of the English 
Language, illustrating the Seasons and 
Months of the Year, their Changes, Employ- 
ments, Lessons and Pleasures topically 
Paragraphed ' (Boston : John P. Jevett & Co. 
1S56)— not a bad book in its way — has 
contented himself with the Anacreontic of 
the ' Grasshopper.' The thoughtfiil vigilant 
reader will look everywhere, and rarely look 
in vain, for examples of Cowley's Words- 
worthian seeingness toward Nature. Even 
the (poor) paraphrastic Versions of 'De 
Plantarum' furnish single lines that gleam 
upon one with delightful surprise, as this of 
the bean-bloom ' with its ivoiy forehead and " 
jetblack eye.' 

I find a bit bearing on all this, though 
in another direction, in the Life of Arthuk 
H. Clouoh — ' I have bought a Cowley, 
rather a scrubby iSmo, but the fint edition 
after his death. I think Cowley has been 
Wordsworth's model in many of his lyrical 
liiythms and some of his curious feUdties' 
(vcd. L p. 102). 



VI Thx Pkose. Thus &r I have in- 
tentioiULllr limited myself to the Foenu ; 
but had Cowley never written a line outside 
of his ' Essays ' and theii iotenroveii poems, 
it would have been safe to demand penna- 
nent recc^fnidon of him. Sundered in 
opinion when his claims as a Poet are 
advanced by those who know that poetry as 
against those who do not except superficially 
and traditionsily, all unite in homage to the 
fine natural English of his ' Essays,' designat- 
ing thereby all his Prose from slightest 
Epistle and Pre&ce to the channing idyllic 
'discourses' in the Essays proper. By a 
curious lapsus Mi. Gosse all but forgets the 
* Essays,' but Byrawt (as before) remembers 
them with loving and reverential words : — 

* Whaterer may be the merit ot Kiy of hu different 
pMnn, the reider find* in none of them tnj tttia 
al that grotneM whidi in the latter pan of Cowle)''t 
life, t&a Cbariei il brought hU ribald conit into 
England, had becoioe bihionable. EverTthing 
which he wrote has a certain expieuioa of the 
purity of his own character. I hare wmetime* 
wondered how it has happened that in the repriotiiig 
of old English Astban, it ha* neier occmred to any 
publisher to ^*« the public a reprint, bj thenuelTcs, 
Ofthe"Diiconneiin VerseandProM." The Faosi 
of this neglected author ii as graceful and natnlal a) 
his poetry ii ingenious, and bean iriCnesi to the 
largeness of his reading and the extent of hii know- 
kdge.' (Pp.379*^)' 

Fuller and finclier is Marv Ritssell 
MiTFORD in introducing her choice selec- 
tions from the Prose :— 

'As in the cue of Ben Jooson, posterity values his 
writings for veiy diffei«nt qualities from those which 
obtained his hi^ reputation ammgtt bis contem- 
poraries, so it has happened to Cowley. Piaised in 
his day as a great poet, the bead of the schoiJ of 
poets called metaphysical, he is im>w etdefly known 
b7 those Paosa Essays, all too short and sU loo 
few, which, whether for thought or lor ei pr ai iop, 
have rarely been excelled by any writer in any 
langaage. They are eminently distinguished for the 

HCmalx btutiliil in 

grace, the fiidsh, and the i-li-™*— which his vers* 
too often wants. That there is one cry which per- 
ndci them — Tanity of vanities I all is raaily I — that 
there is an almost oatcntattoot longing (or obacuity 
and Ktiremenl, may be accounted for by the &ct 
that at an early age Cowley was thrown among the 
cavaliers of the civU wars, sharing the exile and the 
return of the Stnaiti, and doubtless disgusted, as lo 
pore a writer was pretty sure to be, by a disiohite 
Coart, with whom he would find it t»atx to sympa- 
thise in its miaery than in it* triamph * (ai befbre, l 
pp. 4S-6). 

It were not difficult to add abundantly to 
these tributes, earlier and later. Words- 
worth, CoLERiDOB, SoxmtEV, Laub, aD 
delighted in the 'Essays,' and in Cowley 
generally.' I would simply send the Reader 
to them — to the Prose bodily, and specifically, 
to the ' Discouise ' of the ' Government of 
Oliver Cromwell,' wherein will be found a 
splendid portraiture of Cromwell — though put 
into the mouth of a fallen angel — by the in- 
stinct of truth, much as Marvell in his im- 
perishable Horatian Ode on Cromwell has 
drawn the most pathetic of all word-portraits 
of Charles l* — to his weighty ' Prdace ' to 

I Elumh su I hMT< BoMd that amett iha boola left la 
' Triaily ' by Dr. Whiwbu, m oriciaal aditioni of CovIit. 
In UiLifs Ik ipdj qiuMu Mb dm*--' I un I TauoB llictilak 

the B-Lotd Cbaocdkc (Cuio>) bwbcd on of hii Bi 
pHHWc* wiih 1 coaplet boa CeiritT. Frmde's (rcu Uaurj 
ku io Itt bkdu the buh of AtnhiB Cmkr : IM laodHr **• 
iauodtd. LK^timtiiidlathm 'CmimMaffLiuatan' 
(cd. n nit. Sto, iSto). 

■ As i Im wIwh tniHiind, I plu ia Ikii note CktBHK K. 
Haifchu*'! muwmit lo mpact of Cromv<U wd Faiiftji, that 
Cvmltft Buy be CDuatcr-dwcked by il. Hmving ti ~ ~ 
Hoir of Lerd Fnitfax's ' . - ~ 

" .' -"- ^ Bicd Co cgntinaa gtatalt b« 



the prescient ' Proposition for the Adnnce- 
meat of Learning' — a practical business- 
like and ng merely theoretical or speculative 
plan, indeed nothing less than to-day's 
demand for the Endowment of Bjcsearch — 
and to the Essays ' Of Myself ' — ' Of Obscu- 
rity ' — ' The Gwden '— ' Of Solitude ' — ' Of 
Liberty.' But all are good in matter and 
manner. I place them only a little beneath 
the ' Essays ' of Bacon for weight and worth, 
and if it be not literary treason to say so, 
&r above the 'brilliant' Essays of your 
sensational writers of the day. It is like a 
walk in the greenwood or along a tree- 
shaded riTcr's bank, to ' commune ' with the 
Prose of Cowley. There is a naturalness, 
an artlessness, a freshness, a directness, and a 
wholesomeness about it that is as nurtmring 
as it is exhilaiating, and as delightful as 
inspiring. It augurs a man to be ill-furnished, 
however otherwise ' learned ' he may be, if 
he is not fomiliar with the ' warbled prose ' of 
the recluse of Chertsey. 

I will content myself now by merely add- 
ing his first Biographer's account of his Prose, 
commencing with his Letters and other works 

I to SDd hhb ]nH4T«d aad 
ftOias dvwD btfort nkch ' KiMfi ' u Umm t 
notify b fTovt, VKOtb of hit ImidjttkHL * W)kb haLVCD batoim 
tkrlitl^Kb^' L.. Chuki I. (ViJ. L ijB, .t. tX Ttma. 
CB Hii Uattaty'i Rncontion wa hkn Ih* (mt, food, chatty 
^om Ckuiu IL {ii. p. ijg). Al p. lAi, U. Ii, ImM lijBI UdIB, 
vc hain wlui wu Dot meaac for bluplHiDT, bat ia parOoujlr 
Wa it : p. 163, a. ig. Ian Unai, a iVaas doag u the poem, ts; 
■cak aad ChriidaBJika. Tb« Vol. II. a*}, L ai, 'Gnu 
CkuUfc ov MaUr Cod :* L 61. ' aaral OMiha, Aal Flinoa of 
FMoa f p. IM, L 16S, ' tba lapkni Cnnwdl,' and p. aJK 
L uSe. KaallT : p. IS7, L ijjo, ' ThDv, lone compted miBBMi 
•lull nchaa.'-ivaka of CtiailH iL I 

that be had 'intended' (and may some 
'lucky find' some day bring these Letters 
to light), and finally Dr. Johnson on the 
Essays ; — 

• Thi( fwniliw wt^ of Vent putt me ia tnitid of 
oneldiidofPToae, wliadnMi. Cowley wuezcell«nti 
■nd that ii hii LMten to hit private Friendi, Id 
thcM he (Jwayt express'd the NatiTe tendemeu, tad 
ionocent gtjetf of his mind. I think, Sir, jron 
[Clifford] and I haTC the greatert Collection of tfaii 
■ort. Bnt I knoir yoa aeree with me, that nothing 
of thi« Nature should be pablish'd : And herein yos 
have always oonscoted to appiore of the modest 
Judgment of onr Conntry-meB above the practice of 
some of onr Neighbours, and chiefly of the J'ivnei. 
I make no manner of question, but the EngiitA at 
this time aie infinitely impror'd in this way, abore 
the skQl of former Ages, nay, of all Conntric* 
roond about as, that pietend to greater Eloqaence. 
Yet they hare beoi always jadicioiuly sparing, in 
Printing 8Uch composures, while some other Witty 
Nationi have lyr'd all (heir Presses, and Keaden 
with them. The truth iii tlie Letters that pa« 
between paiticidar Friends, if tfaey are written as 
tbey ought to be, on scarce erer be fit to see tlie 
light. They should not consist of fulsom Comple- 
ments, or tedious Polities, or elaborate Elegmcies, 
or general Fancies. Bnt they should have a Native 
cleanten and shortness, a Domestical plaiimess, and 
a peculiar kind of Familiarity ; which can only affect 
the hnmoor of those to whom they were intended. 
The very same passages, which make Writing* of 
this Nature delightful amongst Friends, will lose all 
maimcT of taste, when they come to be read by those 
diat are indifferent. In such Letters the Souls of 
Men should appear nndrett'd 1 And in that negligent 
habit, they may be fit to be seen by one or two in a 
Chamber, bnt not to go abroad Into the Streets, 

'The last Piece* that we have from hit hands are 
Discourses by way of Essays, upon some of the 
gravest nbjects that concern the Contentment of a 
Virtuont Mind. These he intended as a real 
Character of his own thoughts, upon the point of lui 
Retirement And accordingly you may observe, 
that in the Prose of them, there 1* little Curiosity of 
Ornament, but they are written In a lower and 
humbler style than the rest, and as an unfeigned 
Image of his Soul should be drawn without Flattery. 
I do not speak this to their disadvantage. For the 
true petfection of Wit is, to be plyable to all 
occasions, to walk or fly, according to the nature of 
eveiyint^cct And them ii bo donbt a* much Ait, 

dbyGoot^lc _ 



to have 011I7 plain Conccptiom on tome Axgnmcntt, 
M there it in othen to have ezttaordinuy Pli^tt. 

'Tothetethathetuuliere UA tcarcc finith'd, itwu 
hit design to hiTC added natijr otheit.' 

' He withdrew himtelf out of the Crowd, with 
Detirci of enlightning, and inttmctlng the Mindt of 
those that lemain'd in it It wu lUt R et ohi t ion in 
that Station to tearch into the Secrett of Dinne and 
Hunan Knowledge, and to commonicale what be 
4 ihonld obteire. He alwayt proicu'd, Chat he went 
ont of the Woild, at it wat Han't, into the tame 
Worid BJ it wai Natoie'i, and u it wat Cod't. The 
whole Compan of the CieatiaD, andall the wonderfbl 
Effecti of the Divine Wi>lim, were the conttant 
Prospect of hit Seotet, and hit Thoughli. And 
indeed he entei'd with great Advantage on the 
Stndiei of Nature, even at the firet great Hen of 
Antiqaitj did, who were generally both Poett and 
PhiloaotJiert. He betook himtelf to itt Con- 
templalioD, at well furmih'd with tonnd Judgment, 
and diligent Obtervation, and good Method to dit- 
oover itt Myiteries, at with Abilitiei to let it forth 
in all itt Omamoiti. 

"Tblt Labour abont Natnral Science wat the 
perpetnal and uninterrupted Taik of that obicnie 
Part of hit life. Betidei thit, we had penoaded him 
to look back into hit foimar Stndiei, and to publiih a 
Ditcoone concerning Style. In thii he had detign'd 
to give an Account of the proper toita of Writing; 
that were fit for all manner of Argoment^ to cconpare 
the Perfections and Imperfectiont of the Anthon of 
Antiquity, with those of this pretent Age, and to 
deduce all down to the particular Use of the Engiitk 
GeniWi and language. Thit Subject he wal veiy 
fit to perform ; it tieing most proper ibr him to be 
the Judge, who had been the beat Practiter. But he 
tcarce liv'd to draw the first Lines of it All the 
Footsteps that I can find remaining of it, are only 
tome indigeitcd Characten of Andent and Uodem 
Anthon. And now for the future, I almott deqwii 
ever to see il well accompUsh'd, unlets yon, Sit, 
would give me leave to name the Han that should 
nndertake it. 

■ But his last and principal Deiign, was that 
which ought to be the Principal to every wise Man ; 
the establishing hit Mind in the Faith be professed. 
He was in his Practice exactly obedient to the Use and 
Precepts of our Church. Nor wat he indin'd to any 
Uncertainty and Doubt, as abhoiting all Contention 
in indifferent things, and much more in sacred. But 
he bdield the Divisions of Chrtsteodom j he saw how 
many Controvenies had been introdnc'd by Zeal or 
IgD(»ancc, and ooiUinu'd by Factiatk He had Ibete- 

fare aa eanett Intentioa (^ takiii|; a Review of tha 
Original Principles of the Primitive Church ; bdieving 
that every true Christian had no better means to 
settle his Spirit than that which wtt propoi'd to 
Mmat and hit Fotlowen, to be the End of their 
Waadriagtt A»tiputm txfuirUt Matrtm. 

'Thli E»nilnatioB he pnrpoe'd should reach to 
our Saviour's and the Apaatlea* Lives, and their 
immediate Successors, for four or five Centuries; 
'till Interest and Policy prevail'd over Devotion. 
He bop'd to have abtolntdy compassed It in three or 
fow Vear^ and when tluU wat dosie^ dtere to ha«« 
fiz'd fer ever, without any Shaking or Alteratica ia 
hit Judgment Indeed it was a great Damage to our 
Church, that he liv'd not to perform it For very 
much of the Primitive Light might have been ex- 
pected, from a Hind that was endu'd with die Primi- 
tive Meekness and InnocoiEe. And besides, tncfa a 
Work coming from one that was no Divine, mi^ 
have been very ntefnl for this Age i wherein it is oae 
of the principal Cavils against Religion, that it b 
only a matter of Interest, and only supported far the 
Gain of a particular Pnrfessioii.' 
Now for Dr. Johtaon on the 'Essays' — 
' After to much critidm on hit Poems, the Et«iy« 
iriudi accompany them mutt not be fbrgottaL wW 
is said by Sprat of hit conversation, that no man could 
draw from it any sutpidon of his excelleace in poetry, 
may be applied to these compotitions. No author 
ever kept his verse and his proie at a greater distance 
from eack other. Hit thoughts are natnral, and hit 
style has a tmoolh and placid equability, wliiclt 
has nevo yet obtained its doe commoidatioa. 
Nothing is far-sou^it, or hard-laboured ; but all 
Is ea^ wilhoot feebleness, and familiar wiiltottt 

VII. Noticeable E?niuTES. I btre 
already given incidental ' estimates ' of fore- 
most mea I have now mainly in my thought 
the genend summaries of Sprat and of Dk. 
Samuel Johnson. These I would Auniab 
h«% in txtenxe. 

I. From Sprat's Life of Cowley. 

•Of Us Works that are Pnblish'd, it Is hard to 
give one general Character, because of the DiOensice 
of their Subjects; and the various Fonns and distant 
Times of their Writing. Yet this is true OS them all, 
that in all the several Shapes of his Style, there is 
still very mod of the Likeness and Impietsioa of 
the same Mind ; the same tmaffected Modesty, and 
natural Freedom, and easie Vigour, and diearfnl 



It lOrtb, whidi •ppou'd in aU 
Ui Haaacn. We hiTC manr tbiogi Ibat he wiil in 
two my niklike Coaditiom^ in the UniTenity and 
the Coort Bnt in hi* Poetry, a* well aa hii Life, 
he mingled with excellent Skill what was good in 
both Stales. In hii Uic he join'd the Innocence 
and Sinceii^ of the Sdiolar, with the Humanity and 
goad BdiaTionr of the Conrtier. In hii Poemi he 
nnited the Solidity and ait of the one, with the 
GaiUlity and Gracc&lneii of the other. 

' If any thall think that he wat not wondeifblly 
cariooi, in the Choice and Elegance of all hit Wonli : 
I will affim with more tnth on the other *ide, that 
be had no mannei of Aflectation in them; he took 
than at he fbtmd *Hwn made to hia Hands \ he 
neither went befi»v, nor came after the Uie of the 
Age. He fimook the Convemtion, bnt acTer the 
Language, of the City and Conn. He nodentood 
exceeding well all the Variety and Power of Poetical 
Nnmben ; and practi«'d all lorts with great Happi- 
IWM. If hit Venei in lome Placet teem not at toft 
and flowii^c ■■ tome would have them, it wm hi* 
Choice, not hit Fault He knew that in di*e«ing 
Uen'i Mindi, there ahonld be the wane Variety 
obterr'd at in the Proapecli of their Eyei ; where ft 
Rock, a Precipice, or a rising Ware, is often more 
deligfatfdl than a smooth, eren Gronnd, ot a calm 
Sea. Where the Matter requirM it, he was aa 
gentle at any Man ; bnt wlKre higher Virtnes were 
diiefly to be regarded, an exact Namcrotity wat not 
thai his main care. This may lenre to answer those 
who npbraid tome of his Piece* with Roaghneaa, and 
with more OmtiactioBs than they are willing to allow. 
Bnt these Admlren of Gaitleness without Sinews, 
shovld know that difftrent Argtimenti mnit have 
different Colours of Speech ; that there i* a kind of 
Varied of Sexes in Poetry, a* well as in Mankind : 
That as the peculiar Excellence of the Feminine 
kind, is Smoot h n es s and Scanty ; to Strength it the 
chief Praise of the Masculine. 

' He had a peiied Mastery in both the 
fa) which he writ; But each of them kept 
Distance &om the other ; neither did his Latai make 
hi* En^tk too old, nor his SHgStk make his Latin 
too modon. He excell'd both in Prose and Veise ; 
and both together have that Fer&ctioa, whidi is 
«MMneiMledby*omeof the Andents abore all others, 
that they are voy obTioot to the Conceptitm, bat 
matt difficult ia the Imitattoa. 

'His Fancy Sow'd with great Speed, and therdbre 
it'was very fortunate to him, that his Judgement was 
equal to manafle it. He nerer runs his Keader nor 
hi* Argument out of Breath. He perfectly practise* 
the hatdett Secret of good Writiug, to know when 

he bat done enough. He always leares off In tncha 
manner, that it appears it was in his Power, to have 
said much more. In the paiticnbr FTpmiinni 
there is still much to be applauded, but more in the 
Disposition and Order of the wholes From thence 
there springs a new Comlinea^ beiidet the feature of 
each Pait. Hit inTention is poweifnl, and large at 
can be detir'd. But it teenu all to arise out of the 
Nature of the Subject, and to be just fitted (or the 
thing of which he speaks. If ever he goes far for it, 
he dissembles his Paint admirably well. 

' The Variety of Aiguments that he has manag'd is 
to large, that there is scarce any Particular of all the 
Paslions of Men, or Works of Nature, and Prori- 
dence, which he has patt'd by nndescrib'd. Vet he 
still observes the Rules of Decency with so mod) 
Care, that whether he inflames bis Reader with the 
softer ASectioiis, or delights him with inoSenrive 
Railleiy, or teaches the ftuniliar Mannen of life, or 
adorns the Discoveries of Philosophy, or inspires him 
with the Heroick Characters of Charity and Religion { 
To all these Matters that are so wide asunder, he 
ttill [ooportiont a doe Figure of Speech, aad a 
proper Measure of Wit This indeed is most re- 
mariubl^ that a Han who was so ccnttant and fix'd 
in the Moral Ideas of his Mind, thonld yet be so 
changeable in his lutellectnal, aad in both to the 
highest D^ree of Excellence.' 

Further, on the Man — 

•I might. Sir, havemadealonger Discoorteaf his 
Wiitii^s, hot that I think it lit to direct my Speech 
oonceming him, by the tame Rule by whitji he was 
wont to judge of other*. In his Esteem of other Men, 
he constantly preferr'd the good Temper of their 
Mind*, and Honesty of their Actions, above all the 
Escellendei of their Eloqoence or Knowledge. The 
tame conne I will take in hit naise, which chiefly , 
ought to be fix'd on hi* Life. For that be deservet 
more Applause from the most virtnous Men, than for 
hit other Abilities he ever obtain'd from the Learned. 

' He had indeed a perfect natural Goodness, which 
neither the Uncertainties of his Condition, nor the 
LargenesB of his Wit could pervert He had a firm- 
ness and Strength of Mind, that wat of proof against 
the Art of Poetry it tel£ Nothing vain or &ntasliaU, 
nothing flattering or insolent appear'd in his Hnmour. 
He had a great Integrity and Plainness of Hannert ; 
which he preseiv'd to the last, tho' moch ofhis Time 
wat spent m a Natton, and way of life, that is not 
very famous for Sincerity. But the Truth of hit 
Heart was above the Corruption of ill Examples i 
And therefore the Sight of them rather confiim'd hin 
in the contrary Viitnet. 



' There wu notbins ■ffected or •iagniM' in fak 
Hatdt, or PeraoD, <a Geuore. H« nudentood tha 
Forau of good BKcding eDODgh to piaetiw them 
wHboat burdening himielf, oi othen. He ncTer 
oppieu'd an; AUn'i Futi, nor ever pat uj Hin out 
of Coonteiuuice. He nercc hmd U17 EmnklioB for 
Fame, or CoDtcntioD (or Profit with MtjMui. When 
be wu in Bmineu he ■Bller'd othen* Itnpwtntdties 
with mach Eattneu; Whan he wu oat of it h« 
wu never Importimale '■''"fK Hii Modecty and 
Hnmilit/ were 10 great, that if be had not had manj 
oOier equal ViKnes, Ibejr might have been thooght 

' His ConTenatlon wai certainly of the moat 
excellent kind ; for it wu mch u wu rather admlr'd 
b7 hit Euniliar Friendi, than by ttiangen at fint 
i%ht. He anrpiu'd so Han at fint with voj 
eztnordlnaiy Appearance : He never thmt himaeU' 
no1entl7 Into (he good Opinion of hi* Company. He 
wu content to be known b; leiante and bj degreei ; 
and 10 the Eiteem that wu concdr*d of him, wai 
better groonded, and more laitiBg. 

' In fail Speech, neither the Pleaaantneti eadnded 
Gravity, nor wu the Sobriety of it inconiistent with 
Delight. No Han pwted willingly fmta. hii DU- 
conne ; fiar be lo order'd it, that every Haa wu 
aatiafy'd that he had hii Share. He govem'd his 
Paatiou with great Moderation. His Virtnei were 
never tronblciome or nncasie to any. Whatever he 
diilik'd in othen, he only corrected it, by the silent 
Baproof of a better Practice. 

' His Wit wu so temper'd, that m Man Ind ever 
Reason to wish it had been 1cm; He prevoited 
other Men's severity npoa it by hit own ; He never 
willin^y recited any of his Writingi, None but hii 
intimate Friendi ever diicover'd hcwaa ■ gicM Poet, 
by his Disconne. His I-fmlng wa* large and pro- 
foond, wcU mnpos'd of all Andent and Hodetn 
Knowledge^ But it sate exceeding dose and hand- 
sotnly npoa Um : It wa« not imbon'd on hli Jfind, 
bnt cna^ell'd. 

'He never gnided hit Ufe by the Whiipen, or 
Opiniaos of the World. Yet be had a great Reve- 
rence for a good RepntatioD. He heaiken'd to 
Fame whn it wa* a jast Censarer: Bnt not when 
any extravagant Babler. Hewai a pauionate Lover 
of liberty, and Freedom from Bertiaint both in 
Actloiu and Words. But what HoDeMy othen 
receive from the Ditection of Laws, he had by native 
In cli n a ti on ; And he wm not bdioUing to other 
Men's Wills, but to hii own for his Innocoice. 

' He perfoim'd all hit Natural and Civil DDties, 
with admintde Tendemexs. Having been Bom after 
hit Father's Death, and bred np under the IMictpUne 

of hit Hotber, he gtMefaDy ■ehnowledg'd her Care 
of bis Education, to her Death, which wu in tbe 
Eightieth Year of her Agc^ For his three Biothen 
he always maintain'd a constant Afliectioa. And 
having mrviv'd the two fint, he made the third hii 
Heir. In hia long Dependance on my Lccd SL 
Aliaiu, there never haf^gcn'd a^ manner of Dit 
ference between tliem ; except a Ituie at last, becante 
he wonld leave hia Service ; which only thew'd the 
Innocence of the Servant, and the Kindnes of the 
Haster. His Frienddiipe were inviolaUe. The 
tame Hen with whom he wu funiliar in his Yonth, 
were hi* ncareat Acqoaintance at tbe Day of bia 
Death. If the private Coniic of his last Yean made 
him coatnct hit Convenation to a few, yet he only 
withdrew, not bi^e off from any of the othen. 

* His Thoughts were never above nor below hit 
Condition. He never wish'd his Ettite modi larger. 
Vet be enjoy'd wliat he had with all innocent Free- 
dom, he never made his pretoit Life DncomforlaUe, 
by undue Expectations of fiitnre thingai Whatever 
Disappoin t ments he met with, they only made him 
nndtntand Fottone better, not repine at her the 
more 1 His Mote indeed once complain'd, bnt never 
hii Hind. He was accompliih'd with all manner of 
At»litiea, for the gnatcxt Bnsnets 1 If he would bat 
have thonght so himaelf, 

' If any thing ongfal to have cfaang'd his Temper, 
and Di^oaition t It mt hit eatneat Affectian for 
Obacnrity and Retirement This, Sir, give me leave 
to condonn, even to yon, who I know agreed with 
him in the same Hnmonr. I aduiawledge he chose 
that State of life, not oot of any Poetical Ri4)tnre, 
bat npoD a steady and sober Experience of Human 
Thing*. But, however, I cannot applaud it in him. 
It ia certainly a great Ditparagement to Virtne, and 
F*"*''"g it td^ that thoae very thing* which only 
make Mm naefdl in the World, dtoald encUne than 
to leave it This ought never to be dlow'd to good 
Men, nnless the bad had the same Moderation, and 
were willing to follow them into the Wilderness. 
Bat if tbe one shall contend to get oat of Employ- 
ment, while the other strive to get into it, die Afbin 
of HanUnd are like to be in to iU a PottoR!, Otat 
even the good Men themtelvet will liaidly be aide to 
enjoy their very Retrealt in Security. 

' Vet, I conftiB, If any deierv'd to have diis PrfvU 
lege, it oa^ to have bees gnnted to him, u soen 
uanyManliving, aponConiidentionof the Uanwr 
in whicA he ipeBit tbe UbKty that be got' 


'This, Sir, is the Account that I thouc^t Bt to 
preaent tbe World conceraing Ubl P«rttapt it may 



be jadg'd, that I lure (pent too manj' wordi on k 
private Mao, «id ■ Scholar ; whoie Life wu not 
icouukablc for raclt a Variety of Events, as are wont 
to be the Onumenli of thii kind of ReUtioOL I 
know it it the Cnitom of the World to prefer the 
pompom Hiitoiies of great Men, before the grcRtest 
Viitnei of othen, whoie Livei have been led in a 
Conne leu llliutrioni. Thii indeed ii the general 
HnnKHiT, Bnl I bdiere it to be an Error in Men's 
Judgnenta. Foi ceitainlj that ii a more profitable 
Inttnctiaii, which may be taken from the eminent 
GoodncM of Men of tower Kanlc, than that which we 
leant &am the splendid Representations of the 
Battels, and Victories, and Buildings, and Sayings 
of great Conuoandeta and Princes. Such ipedoiu 
Hatleis, as the; are teldcnn deliret'd with Fidelity, 
to they Krre but for the Imitation of a very few, and 
ladier make for the (^Eotalian than the true Infonna- 
tion of human Life. Whereas it is from the Practice 
•fMen eqnal tooorselTes, that we are more naturally 
tao^ bow to commaiKl oar Passion*, to direct our 
Knowledge, and to gotem our Actions. 

'Foe this ReasoD I have some Hope, that a Character 
«f Mr. Crmlq may be of Good Advantage to onr 
Nation. For whathe wanted in TitlesofHonour, and 
the Gifts of Fortune, was plentiiiilly tupply'd b; many 
olhd Kreellencics, which nuke perhaps less Noise, 
bat are more beneficial for caample. This, iiir, wai 
the principal End of this long Discoorsb Besides 
this, 1 had another Design in it, that wily concerns 
oorselTes; that having this Picture of bis Ijfe set be- 
Core as, we may still keep him alire In our Memories, 
and by this means have some small Reparation, far 
ow inexpressible Los* by his Death.' 

Next comes Dr. Johnson's Tamous disaer- 
tation. In limine, I canDot accept the great 
Moialist's classilication of Cowley amoog 
the (so-called) ' metaphysical poets,' so reiy 
dender is the extent of ' metaphTsic ' in his 
poetry. I believe that the Sage having 
elected to ' orate ' (as the Americans put it) 
OS ' metaphysical poetry,' hung his already- 
prepaied pq>er oo Cowley. Still the essay 
ia matteiful and saggestire, and having taken 
a place btstoiically in our critical-biographical 
literature, cannot possibly be withheld, 

H. From Dr. Johnson's 'Lives' of the 

' Cowley, like other poets who have written with 

pleasorea in the mind of man, paid their court to 
temporaiy prejudices, ha* tieen at one time too madt 
pnised, and too mnch neglected at another. 

' Wit, like all other things subject by their nature 
to the clioic* of man, has its changes and bshioas, 
and at difiereot times takes different forms. Aboot 
the beginnii^ of the seventeenth century appeared a 
race of writer* that may be tenned the mttafkjiHtal 
fMti,' oC whom, in a criticism on the works of Cow- 
ley, it if not improper to give some acconnL 

'The metaphysical poets were men of leaning 
and to show their learning was their whole endeavour ; 
but, onlockily resoWing to show it in rhyme, instead 
of writing poetry they only wrote venes, and very 
often each verses at ttood the trial of the finger better 
than of the ear; for the moddation was to imperfect, 
that tbey were only foond to be veiaet by counting 
the syllabtes. 

' If the &Iher of criticism has rightly denominated 
poetry Wx*^ '>'^V"*4> '■a imilalmt art, these writers 
will, without great wrong, lose their right to the 
name of poets, for they cannot be said to have imi- 
tated anything ; they neithei copied nature fot life, 
neither painted the forms of matter, noi represented 
the operations of intellect, 

'Those, however, who deny them to be po«0, 
allow them to be wits. Dryden confesses of t-j"— If 
awl his contemporaries, that they fall below Donne 
in wit, but pi>in t^imi that they surpass him ia poeliy.* 

' If wit be weU described by Pope,' as being " that 
whidi hat been often thought, bat wat never before 
so well eipretsed," they certainly never attained, nor 
ever sought it [ for th^ endeavoured to be singular 
in their thoughts, and were careless of their dlctioiL 
But Pope's acGonnt of wit is undoubtedly ei 

1 Tlw dajfaabai la wl fcnamM ; bnl (o buCIi icapaR ii 

4ntt to Johnaoa tluU it wauld b« tmbecooiDS to nbsdCnts, evca 
ir it woB cuy u> profiottt ooe irhich Bu^ia be luezceptioiubW. 
— Shuthit: Lifit/Cn^tr, U. iij. 

Bnt Jahruon fsUowi hU AnsritB Drfdca -.—^ 

Ddoih ■OKn Am votapbyHs aoc lair fa hii Salins, b« la 
hii wnqniiu wHi, wbm Nuon oBlr ihBnldrdca.— Dktssh : 
Dtdicatim t/Jinmal, ifg^. 

Pope idoplsl the uprcnioD, when, in ipaliing to Spenca of 
Ccnrley, he obRivM], ' H> u mJl u DaTiiwDI tomived Idi 

Tbg mrUMirBcal tchool, which mund s taai ppal ia 
Cowlej, Kbd found lU proper direction in Butler, &rpu«d ia 

■ Dr. Donne, the ti™teit wit, thoufh DM Iba btn poat, of 

Woold Bo( Dsnaa'a Sathw, i 

hli numhent ... I nay alelr n; it ' 
IfvesR not iO ireat witi u DooDa, jt 
poetL— DavsBH ; DtHatiaittfJmii^ i6«. 

dbyGoot^le — 


h« depretic* it bebv itt nAtanl dignity, and radncc* 
it from Mfength of thought to hsppiMM of lattgoatie. 

■ If bj ■ mcoe noble and mora adequate coDoeptioD 
that be contidered a« wit whidt is at once natural and 
new, that which, though not otiriona, ii, npon iti fint 
prodnetion, acknowledged to be jut ; if it be that 
irtiich he that ncTcr found it wooden bow he miwrf, 
to wit of thii kind the metaphjiical pocti lure leldom 
riaen. Their thought! are often new, but leldoai 
natural ; thej are not obrioni, but neither are thej 
juu; and the reader, fiu- from wondering that he 
mined them, wonden more (requcntlj bjr what pre- 
reneneu of indoitry thej were ever found. 

' But wit, abnrMted from it* eflecti upon the 
heater, may be more rigorouil; and philoiophically 
coniidered a* a liind of JiutrJia ttnetn ; a combina- 
tion of dimimilar image*, or diacorery of occutt 
rcKmblanca in thingi apparently unlike. Of wit, 
thni H»*»>»Hj they have more than enough. The 
mart heterogeoeoui ideal are yoked by violence to> 
getber ; nature and ait are nmiacked fer illnctntimu, 
oompariioni, and allusioni ; their leamii^ instruct^ 
and their iul>tility nrpiiiet ; but the reader commooly 
thinkt hii Improvement dearly bought, and, though 
he lometimes admires, ii seldom pleaied. 

' Prom this account of their composition! it will be 
readily inferred, that they were not lUcccnhl In 
representing or moving the aScctiont. At they were 
wholly onployed on lomelliing unenpected and «ar- 
pri^ng, they had so regard to that tuHMmity of 
•entiment which enable! us to concdTe and to eseile 
the pains and the pleasure of other minds : they nerer 
inquired what, on any occasion, they should have 
•aid or done ; but wrote rather ai beholden than par- 
taken of human nature ; a* beii^ looking upon 
good and evil, impatUTe and at leisni«i as Epicurean 
deities making remark* on the aetiotu of dmsi, and 
the Tidnitudes of life, without interest and without 
emotion. Their conmhip wa* void of fondneu, and 
their lamentation of aonow. Their wi«h wa* only 
to say what they hoped had been never said befoie^ 

' Nor WB« the sulilime more within thdr teadi than 
the pathetic ; (or they never attempted that com- 
prehensian and expanse of thought which at once fills 
the wh^ mind, and of which the first effect ia suddoi 
Mtonishment, and the !econd rational admlratioD. 
Sntdimity i* produced by aggregation, and littleness 
by disperaimi. Great thoughts are aJwayt general, 
and consist in positions not limited by exceptions, 
and in deKriptioni not descending to minutenen. It 
i* with great propriety thai subtlety, which in its 
original import means exility of particles, is taken in 
Its met«{>harical meaning for nice^ of distinction. 
Urate wiiten who lay on the watcA ten novelty conld 

have little hope of greatness ; for great thii^ cannot 
have escaped fbnner observation. Thrir atlempta 
were always analytic ; they broke evoy image into 
firagmentt ; and could no more represent, I^ d>elr 
slender conceits and lahonred particulaiitie^ tbe 
prospects of nature, or the scene* of life^ than he, 
who dissects a inn-beam with a pii*m, can exhibit 
the wide effulgence of a summer nooo. 

' What they wanted however of the tnblime, they 
endeavoured to supply by hyperbide ; thor amplifica- 
tion had no limits; theyteAnatoolyreaaoabatfancf 
behind them; and produced corobiitationa of confused 
magnlGcencc, that not only could not be credited, 
but could not be imagined, 

■ Yet great labour, directed by great abilitlea, Ei 
never wholly lost : if they frequently threw aw^ 
their vrit npon fidie conceits, they likewise somethnM 
struck out unexpected truth : if their concdt* wen 
br-fetched, they were oAen worth the carriage. To 
write on Iheir plan, it was at leait necessary to read 
and think. No man could be bom a metaphysical 
poet, nor assume the dignity of a writer, by descrip- 
tions copied from descriptions, by imitations borrowed 
from inutations, by treditiansl imagery, and hero- 
dltaiy similes, by teadinett of rhyme, and volubility 

'In peni*ii% the works of this race of anthon, the 
mind b exetciied eidier by recoUectloa or Inquiry ; 
either something already learned n to be retrieved, 
or something new is to be eramlned. If their great- 
ness seldom elevate*, their acutenen often surprises ; 
if the imagination is not always gratified, at least the 
powen of reflection and comparison are employed ; 
and in the mas* of matesiala whidi ingefdous alMnr- 
dity has thrown together, genuine wit and nMliit 
knowledge may be sometimes found, buried pcrtaaps 
in grostoess of expression, bat useful to those who 
know their valne ; and inch at, whoi they are ex- 
panded to perspicuity, and polidied to degance, may 
give lustre to works wbidi have m 

' This kind of writii^ which was, I believe, bor- 
rowed bom Marino and his fbUowen, liad been re> 
commended by the orample of Donne, a man of a vtiy 
extensive and various knowledgB) and l7jcm«an,iAose 
manner resembled that of Dome moie in the ragg/O.- 
next of his lines than in the cast of his sm tipon tt.' 

^UlBf tbOHO 

I ^tkt LmUr BntUtk Fmb, ito», vol. L p. iixiv.' 
To coanitran lUi smmm M* sdn. sf DooH'a PHSU ia 
Affar ir*f<M*' LOrmrj, ni i ri l lly sar timn. 



Wlien their rrnitfitinn wu ^*g^, tlur bftd v 
I imiWOT*, thu tiiM ha* left bdik 

knnce'can be Mid to Ttataa, weM SncUing, Wdler, 
OoBhiB, Cowkr, Ckreluid, and Mlhon.' Deslum 
•nd Waller KH^it another my to bme, by tfflprOTing 
Ae hanumy of cmr ntunben. IiTilton tried the metft- 
phytic ttyle only in his lines apon Hobtmi the 
Ctirier. Cowley adopted it, aad excelled hii pnde- 
CWMin, bavinf as much tentimeiil, and more muic, 
Sndklii3£ 'Kithr' improTed veniticatiao, nor abounded 
in eoncdtt. Hie fiuhionable atyle remained chiefly 
with Cowley ; Sudling conld not nadi it, and 
Milton diadained it. 

'Critical rcmarica are not e*^ mdentood witlumt 
oamptcit and I bare tberefare collected ingtancei 
of the model oT writing by which thlt ipedet of poeti, 
fcr poeti they wen called by themaelTei and didr 
admiren^ wai eminently diitin£td«bed. 

* At the aothon of thli ra«e were periiapt more 
dadniw of bciiv admired than nudentood, tbey 
■nmrtimft drew thdi coocdtl from reccMaa of learn' 
in( ncA vety mnch frequented by comiiMa readen of 
poeby. That Cowkr on KntmUdgt:— 
" The Moed tne mldit the bk Ofcbard gicw ; 
~ ii Tiuth did OD it rest, 


And buih to* pi 
Hat right AiriAyrian tree wliieh did tr 

Etch leaf did leanted nodou glre, 

And Ih' applet were dmonttiBtiTe : 
Sodeatlbdrcoloiirand dMoe, 
Tbe nry diade tbey cajt did otlier Usfau onubfite^" 

' On Aaacnon continidBK a low in hit old a(e »- 
" Love wai with thy Ulc entwbTd, 
Cloae at heat with fire 1> Joln'd, 
A powerikd tnmd preacrib'd tbe data 
OftUne, like Md^ger-i Itle. 
Th* antiperittatb otage 
Uote fnfltm'd thy amoroni toge." 

£i^ mpan AmaenOK. 
' In the ibiknriiif Tenet we ban an uli^tif^ to 

•' ^bfleiy I Mfc MM : girc Me M 

'llwt Donne thowi hii medidnal hnowledgB in 

If t wan not injnr'd by extrinriqoe blon ; 
Voor tiirth and beauty an thlt balm In ytM. 

Bat you, or lanlnf and rdigton, 
And Thtne, and neb ingredkntt, Imtg made 

KoqM 00, or cnrei what can be done or ttld." 
DOHNK : Tc at Cowttsi if Btifiri. 

' Thotigh the foUowii^ lina of Doime, (m tbe hit 
nigbt dL the year, have lomethinff in them too ichO" 
luti)^ they are not indegant : — 
" Thlt twilight of two yean, not paM no next. 
Same eniblem li of me, or 1 of thii. 
Who, meteor-Uke, of Muff and Eonn perplmt. 
Whose what and wbcie in ditpntalion It, 

I mm the yean and me, and find me not 
Debtor to th' old, nor creditor to th' new ; 

Tbax cannot My, my thanki I have fbtgol. 
Nca truM I thli with bopei ; and yet learce true 
Thii Lrueij it, tlDce tbeM tiuKs itaow'd me yon." 
DoiWK: 7*0 Mf CMtMtai ^ A^ivril 

'Yet more abttiute and prolbmid it Dotme'i re> 

" If men be woddt, tbeieli ineray one 

'Of tfaoogfalt to far fetched, u to be not only un- 
expected bnt onnttiual, all their bocJu ftre folL 

T« « £m^, Mb wiaitt*^tiM riap. 
" Itac^, wbo above de 
Say. like a rl^ th' i _ 
When heaven ihaU beMkn'd by tbee, 
(WUdi tbcn more hMnn than 'tii^ will be,) 
Til tbo« MOM wttte tbe poely than. 
Par it wamalh one as yet. 
Tboogh tbe tuD put tbroogh 'l twice a year, 
Hm ton, who It etieem'd the god of wh," 

"The difficwltJM iriilcfa have been raised abovt 
identiQr in ^uloeopt^, at* by Cowley with still mon 
perplexitf apidied to lore : — 
" Five years ago (Myi story) I lov'd yon. 

For irtildi yoD call me most tncooitau now : 

Paidon me, tnadam, joa mlttake the man ; 

For 1 am BM the Mine that I wat then ; 

No Aaih is now the mme 'tww thn ta ms. 

And that uy mind ii cfaanf'd jcmt^ may lee. 

Tbe tame tboachtt to retain Mill, and fattoMi, 

Were more Ineonsuni br : fcr accUmts 

llust of an things m 

If from one iub]eci they t' another m 



'The tote oT difierent women i(, bi geogn^iiol 
pocti7, compued to tnivd* thnn^ di0vtnt ooon- 
" Hut tboa not UnmA eidi wmdm'i btMM 
(Tbe Und when thou hail tnfelled) 
ffilbv br Mncei poneil, 
Or wild, uidiffihil»bhed? 
WhM )oj coald'tt Uke. or what repoM, 
lo UDdrllii'd u tboie ? 

Lwt, the icorcblDf do^-nar, ba« 

Ra|«i with fmmodaate beat ; 
WhUit Pride, the inggcd Nonhern Bear, 

Id othen makel tbe cold loo ptal. 
And where tfaese are temperate koown. 
The acdl'sall barren vnd, oriockj atone." 

Cowixt : Tht Wittfwu. 
*A lover, hnnit up \/j hii aftctioo, it co mpared 

" Tbe fata of E;n>pt I MMaia. 

And never fed tbe dew of rain 
Frcau cloudi which In tbe bead appear ; 
But all laj too much moiituie owe 
7^ OTeTflawiDgiofthe bean betow.~ 

CowLBT : Sbtf. 
' 'The loTcr tnppoaet hii ladj acquainted with tbe 
andcot law* of ftsgiuT and lite* of taoifice : — 
" AndTSttMadeathofvitM, I (w, 
WID omiDoiii to bw app«nr : 

When, Mtind In arei; otber part. 
Her noUne ti found wf Ihom an heart 

For tbe la*t tonpeM of mj dendi 
ShaD tigb ool that too, wHb mr brealh." 

COWLBT : T»4 QmctatmdHl. 
'Hat thediaoe wathannoniied, bat beeniedted 
ot oU ) but whence the difierent lODnd* arate le- 
mained tot a inodeni to diecoTB- : — 
" Th' nngoreni'd paiti no cornspondcoee knew i 
An aitleu war from dtwarting modoni gnm ; 
Till the; to nuioba' and fixt nilei were beon^it. 
Water and air be tor tbe tour dtoee : 
Ealib made tbe baM i tbe tzMe, flame anae." 

'Hm tcan <if loven are alwajrs of great poetical 
account ; but Donne hai extended them into worldi. 
If fht line* ai* not eaailjr nnderttood, they may be 
read again :— 

So doth each tear, 

Whkli thee doth wi 
A globe, yea would, by that ii 
TH] thy lean mtit with miiie do oreiflow 
TUi world, by water* leat frcm thee my hearoi 


' On reading tbe fbUowing line*, Qie reader ntay 
periiapi cry out — Com/mivm imtm nnfiimiM: — 
" Htm lie* a ihe can, and a be moan that^ 
She giTai the bem Ugfat to hii^kBC, 
Or each ii both, and all. aqd ao , 
Tbey unto oh another nothing owe." 
DOHNE : £/itAalamiat »Kllu Cauat Paiati»4, tU. 
' Who hot Donne woold hate thoogfat that a good 

" llioogh Qod be OUT true |1ut Ifanxigli wMch we see 
All, dnee tbe beinf of aU Ihlop I* be, 
Yet an the mrnk*, wbieb do lo m dartre 
Tfahv* hi propoftioa St, by p««pecti*e 
Deed* of good man ; for by thetr living here, 
\^rtne*, bideed remote, leem to be near." 
' Who would imagine it poeidble that b a very few 
Unet n many remote ideai could be brought to- 

" Sinoe 'ti* my doom, Love'i undmhricTe, 
Whj Ihii reprieve ? 
Why dolh my she advo«*<n fly 

To Kll thywdf doR Ibon Intend 

By eandle'i end. 
And hold the contract ttao* in doubt. 

Life'* tapo' out f 
Ibink bol bow aoon Ihe market lailt, 
Your icit live* futer than tbe male* ; 
And if to measure age'f span, 
"nie aober Julian were th' account of moD, 
WhiUt you live by the fleet Oregcolan.'' 
Clevbuwd: Ta luHa tc txpiMU kir Prtmis*. 
'Of aiormou5 and diigu Hi ng hypeiboles, the*e 

" By every wind thai come* thl* way, 
Send me at least a ilgh or two. 
Such and *o many 1 'U iqaj 
A* ihall tbenudvei make wind* to gel to you." 

" Iniaan I 'U watle theae eyei. 
By Lore «o vainly fed ; 

So hut of otd the Delude pnnitbed." 




-■ An ana'd ta) bnM, ilw itafaMt dnM of «H, 
(A tttBd llHlMl ilgtat.) b> tiNDe aftr. 
TV am Umldf Huted vtth loddMi bistU, 

' An uuTenal cooitemation : — 
" Hk bloody qra he hncli nNmd, bUAwppnri 
Tcu up the frouBd ; then Rin« he wild >boiit. 
t ..iilnj^ hii angry tail Mod roaring ow. 
Beuu aEep into ibeir deni, and trembie Ibere : 
"ntes, thot^ DO wind li itjning. thake «{tli tear ; 
SIkmce and honor BU the place around ; 
Edw iudT darts icaiee repeal the lound." 

• Thdi fictioiu woe <rften noknt and uiioatnnl. 

t^kU itbtrtn taShtng. 
•• The Sdi around hrr crowded, ai they do 
To the lain ligbt that treacheroiu Gstmt iliow, 
And all with al much ea*e migbt taken be, 
As ihe at fint look me : 
For ne'er did Ught to clear 
Among the waTCS appear, 
Though ereiy idgfat tbe ran fafanadfiet Ihnc" 


' Tbt poetical effect of a lover'i name upon gbui i— 
" lif name eograv'd hente 
Doth contribote my BnMMU M tU* gtaM ; 
WbMi, ««v rince diat diaim, hath bam 
Al hard as that whkb giaT'd h was." 

DoHNt : A Validictio, <f w^ Nam 
in Mf IViiidnf. 



ti iSffid aitd trifling. 

Oh a» iMCffntlant IVamam, 
" H«enfo]ii tbj calm; lunshloe now, 
And no breath Riniog hears. 
Id the cieaz heavea of Ihj brow 
No amallen clond appear!. 
He sees thee gentle, fair, and gay, 
And mists the laithlesi April of tbj Hay." 

CowLBV : in imitaHan sf Htrat 

' Upon a F^ier written with tlte jdoe of lai 
and read by the Ac : — 

" So, nothing yet In thee la see), 
Bnt when a genial heal warms tbee within, 
A itew-bont wood of various lii 

uaV. ■ 

' As thej sooglit M1I7 fbr novelty, they did : 
imA iBqttewbtOer tlidr aHuioiaweit ta tUop 

Ugh or low, elegant or poaaj whe th er thty coropied 
the little to the peat, or the great to the litde, 
Pfytit and CMrv^ayfir a Lntr. 
•• Oentlj, ah gently, madam, loutA 

The wooad which yon juuiteU baf« aaadn ; 
That pain mtut needs be ray mndi. 

Which nukes me of yonr hand afiald. 
Cqcdlala of pity give me now, 
For I too weak for pnrglngs grow." 

CowLBV : Ceumitl, 

nu Warldanda Che*. 
" Hahol. th' Inferior world's fsntattle taee 
Thro' all the ttims o( matter's maie did trace ; 
Gnat Natnre's welt-set dock in pieces took ; 
On alt the springs and smallest wheels did look 
Of life and motion, and with equal art 
Made up again tbe «4iole of every part." 

Cowixi : Davidtu, Book I. 

' A coal-[Ht has not often found its poet ; but that 
it ma; not want Its dne honour, Clevelaitd has paial- 
Med it with the sun ; — 
' ' The moderate value of our gniltlett ore 
Makes no man atheist, nor no woman whora ; 
Vat why should hallow'd vestal'* sacred diine 
Deserve more honour than a Baming mine? 
Theae pregnant wombs of heat wouki filter be^ 
Than a few embers, for a ddty. 
Had lie our pits, tbe Persian would admin 
No sun, but warm's devotion at our fire : 
He 'd leave the trotting whipster, and ptvbr 
Our profoand Vulcan txive that waggoiMi. 
For wants he heat, cr light? or would lave store. 
Of both? tisbere: and what lan sons give men r 
Nay, what 's tbe sun but, bi a different name, 
A coal-pit rampant, or a mine on flame? 
Then let this truth reciprocally run. 
The sun's heaven's coalery, and coals our sun." 

Cleveland : Nmtfrom NtucatlU. 
Dtatk, a Vign^. 

" No family 
E'er tlgg'd a loni for heaven's discovery, 
mth rtom mora vantur gs might boldly dare 
VcDtnre thdr ilakea, with him In Joy to ibare.'' 

' Their thoughti and expresnons were 
grossly abtnrd, and such as no figures or licence 
reconcile to the understanding. 

jf LmitrtmHuritadm^MM, 

" Then down 1 laid my head, 

Down 00 cold earth ; and for a lAile wns dead. 

And my freed soul to a Miaoge somewhere Bed ; 

' Ah. sottish soul,' said I, 

When back to Its cage again I saw h fly ; 



■ Fool Ui rMDow Int brsfean okalB, 
Andrmrbar gaUar hereaiiln I 
Fool to tbml bod; to return 
Wbere It coodenu'd AMI deMln'd ii to 

Oooe dead, bow can ll be, 
Death ibaald a Oii^ 10 ploiMM (sem 
That tboa AookTM oobm to lira It o 

Comar: Th* D ^ ai r, 

TwiU tear aad bknr vp all within, 

Likea froiado iboi Into a nufadoa. 

Then iball Lora ks«p tba aibca, and ton paitt. 
Of both our broken beam : 
Shall oat of both one new one nMhe : 

Frombs'i th'allar; &«m mine, the metal take," 
CowLBi ; Tki Gitm Mtari. 

' The poetical propagiticai of light : — 
" Tin [vtaicc's (avoor ii dlSbi'd o'er all. 
From which >U rortuoei. namet, and utiini fall ; 
Then &om lbo*e wombi of Man, tba hride'i bright 

At cTOT glaiwe I 
Aad aowM the court wiu nan, ana oom prcKat 

la light and power, the aU-fy'i firmament : 
FltU ba ejpe kindlei othtt ladles' ejrei, 

Then from thdi beami their jewds luitrei rlw ; 
And from their }eweli torcbei do take Aie, 
And all ii warmth, and Ughi, asd good dobe." 


'Iliej wen in very little care to clothe dieir 
nolioii* wiQi elegance of dren, and therefore nin 
the notice and the praiie whidi are often gained bjr 
thcae who think leiE, bnt are more diligent to adorn 

'lliat a mistren belojed U Ujer in idea than In 
leality, ii b; Cowltj thai ezpresied : — 
" Thoo b mj faitej dott modi hlgliM' ttand 
Ttian woman can ba plac'd bj Natare'a hand ; 
And I man needi, I 'm rare, a loaer be, 
Todiangelfae^ asiboo'it then, for lerj thee." 
CowiiET : Agaimit Fmitiim, 

'That prayer asd laboor ihonld cooperalei aie 
thm taagbt by Doone : — 
" In none but ni are nidi mixt enghiea foand, 
Ai band* of doable office; fcrthegnxmd 
We till with them ; and tliem to heaien we lalie : 
Who prareiles* laboon, or, wltboat (hia, jnys. 
Doth bnt one half, that'* none." 
■ By the nine anchor, a common topic, the danga 
of piocrMtination, it thai illnitnted : — 

" That whkk I Aoold ham began 

la nj yooth'i ——■'■■[ now lata mon be dcoe ; 
Aod I, ai glddj travden m«M do, 
WUdk Mr«r or deep all day, and ba*l^ to« 
Light and arasgth, dark and tfa^d, man thai ride 
POOL" DcMNB ; r* M. B. B. 

' AQ that awn hutodobtoUveanddleitlM 

fbUowiag liaci I — 

" Think la bow poor a ptfion ihoo didtt lie ; 

Aftai — "'J"< bat to nid and cry. 

Think, wlien 'twa* grown to mon, 'twai a poor inn, 

A prorince pack'd np in two jaidi of ildn. 

And that mw^'d, or thraaian'd wiih a nfe 

Of ildmene*, or their tnie niolher, age. 

But think that death haih now enftanchii'd Qwa ; 

TboD ban thj expantloa now, and Hberty ; 

Think, that a runjp pace discharg'd ll BowB 

In plecei, and the bullet It bis own. 

And bnelf fliet : Ifaii to thj loui •llow, 

TUnk thy iheU broke, think thy loal hatch'd bat BOW. * 

" TbonlTTwil, which teaVn no man free I 

Tboa mlMle thief, from whom noogfal lafe ova be t 
Ilion muitherei, wlilefa han kiU'd, and de*fl, whkb 

COWLKT ; Btanlf. 

' That he addrenet hit tnittreii : — 
" Thon who. In many a propriety. 
So tmly art the nu to nx^ 
Add ana more llWwwm, wfaldi I "m anre yon can. 
And let me and my nm beget a nmn." 

CowLEl : Tlu Parang. 

' That he repreMot* the meditations of a lorer ^— 
" Though In thy thoaghti tcarca any Inett hale 

So mnch u of oHi^nal tin. 

Such chamu thy beauty wean ai might 

Desires in dying confest i^ts exdle. 

Tinn with nnoge adnlteiy 
Dott In aadi brean a brothel he^ ; 

Awake, all men do lust for tliee. 
And KMne enjoy thee wlien they deep.' 


" Hitbet with cryttal rials. TOT«t. conie. 
And take my teon, whidi are lore'i wine. 
And try youi minren' lean at home ; 
Par all are fa'tf, that taste not fun like adae^" 
DoNHB 1 Tmifkmlkm Caries. 



•TUiliyMMonniddkate: — 
" As tbe nreel sweat of roe* bi m idll, 
Ai ihu which baa cbaTd tnndKat'* pom doth 

A* the alml^iV balm flf tha «Ml]r Ban ; 
Sodi we tbe twaM dro|» oT mr ndMni^ breast. 
And on her neck ber ddn tndi btftra MU, 
71x7 teem do sweat drope, but peaii otmmati: 
Rank, mnatf froth th; mistreu' brow defilsL" 
'Tbeit eKpresnons sometimei ni*e honor, when 
Aey inUnd pertiaps to be padietic : — 
" Ai men in hdl ore from dlsoues free. 
So &x>m aD other ills am I, 
Free bom thdr known fonnallly ; 
Bm all pabu oniaentlr lie fn thee." 

CowxxT : Tkt UttrfoHat. 
'Thef were not elwaji ttricU; cnrioiu, whether 
die opiniont from which the; drew theii illnitratioiu 
were trne ; it was eoongfa that thej were popular. 
Bacoa itmarlu, that scane Uiehood* ate cmitiiuied 
by tnditioD, became the; mpply ctMunodioo* alia- 

" It gBTB a i^taaas groan, and to It broke : 

The loie within too strong lor 't was, 
Like poison pat Into a Venice-glass." 

Cowlbt: Tkt Htarlirtaldmg. 

'Infoimii^ descriptioiu, thej looked ont, not for 
images, but for concota. Night baa been a common 
•tibject, which poets hare contended to idom. 
DtTden'* "Night" is well known ; Donne's is as 

" nwa aeest me boe at midnight, now all nat : 
Time's dead low-wata ; when all minds diven 
TtMncnow"* bmlness, wbeo the tabomen baTs 
Sach rest In bed, that their last chnrdi'fanl grave, 
SobjeM to change, wHl tMToe be a trpe of thia. 
Now wben the client, whose last bearing is 
To-momnr, sleeps ; when the condemned man. 
Who, wben be opes his ejea, must shut them then 
Again by death, ahboogb sad wawh be keq^ 
Doth practise dying by a little sleep, 
Thon al this midnight «eest me." 
'It mnst be how e rtt confesaed of Ibeae wtilet*, 
that if they are npon comincm snbjecta often annecel- 
niily and napoeliaUly nbtle ; yet where scholastic 
Ipecnladon can be properlj admitted, tfacir co|doa>- 
neas and acntenea may justly be admired. What 
Coiriey hat written npon Hope shows an oneqnallad 
fettiiily of inrentiao i — 

" Hope, whole weak bebg rnln'd is, 
Ahha if it succeed, and If It uiH : 

Wbaa food or in does equaDy eonfoand, 
AikI both the horns of Fate's dikmma wound ; 

Vaia shadow 1 which don lanqnish quite. 

Both al full noon and perfect idghl 1 

The Stan have not a possibility 

Of bleuing thee ; 
If things then from their end we happy caO, 
lis Hope i* the most hopeless diing id alL 

Hope, thou boU taster of delight. 

Who, whilst tbondMtUd'M btu taste, devoot'st it qnlte I 

Tboo bing'st m an estate, yet leav'tt m poor. 

By dogging It with tegades before I 

The Joys whidi we entile Aovld wed. 

Come deflower'd virgins to otu bed ; 
Good fixtnnes witboot gain imparted be, 

Sdch mighty cnstom '* paid to tbee : 
For joy. like wine liept dose, does better taste ; 
ir it lake air before Its q>irits waste. " 

COWI.aT : AfainH Huft. 

' To Ae fidlowlng comparison of a man that tnTclt) 
and his wife that stays at hom^ with a pair of com- 
passes, it may be donbted whether absoitlity or in- 
gennity has the better claim : — 

"Our two soiils tbocfore, which ai« one, 
Tboagb I must go, endure not yet 
A breach, bat an expansion, 

Like gold to airy thinness beat. 
If they be two, tliey aie two to 

As stiff tvln^xHnpaaies are two ; 

Thy soul the Bxt fool, nnkes no show 

To move, biu doth, if ih' other da 

And though It in the centre stt. 

Vet. wben the other &r doth roam. 

It leans, and bcaikens after it. 

And grows erect, as that comca home. 
Such ¥rtlt thon be to me, who must 
Like th' other foot obliquely run. 
Thy flrmoem makes my drde just. 
And makes me end, where I begun." 

DOKNB T A VabdUtiemfertUcUng ttttiming. 

' In all theae example* it isappaTait,tbat whaterer 
ii improper or vidon* i* produced by a volnntaiy 
deviation from nature in puitnit of somethiog itew 
and strange ; and that the writcn £sU to give delight, 
by thdr desire of esdtmg admiiatlon' (at beforei 
pp. i»-34)- 

* In the genaal review of Cowley's poetry it will 
b* found, that be wrote with abnadant (crtility, 
b«t iM^igent or untkilfnl telcction; with much 
thoogni ; Init with little imagery j that h« it nevei 
path et ic, and raidy sablime, bat always eitbcr 
' learned, either acute or profotuid. 
L — IH bv Denham in hit ei^y. 

"To Ml 

lo Author wi 




Ttiii wide podtion reqniiN I«m UmitMioa, whca 
it is Affirmed of Cowle;, tbtn peiluin of anj 
other poet : He rewl mndi, and yet boirowod 

' Hit duncter of writiog wu indeed not his own : 
he nnhippilr adopted that which was predominant. 
He law a certain wa; to preaent praiae ; and not 
tufficjeallj inquiring bjr what meani the andenti 
hare cooliaaed to delight ihiau£h all the changea of 
human manncn, he contented himielf with a decida- 
oni lanrel, of wtlidi the TCrdore in iti ipring waa 
bright and ga;, bnt iriUch time haa been continnallf 
ttealing from hli brawi. 

* He wat in hi) own time conndeted u of tu- 
rivalled excellence. Clarendon repreienti hfm ai 
having taken " a flight " beyond all that went before 
him ; and Hilton ii raid to have declared, that the 
three greateit English poeti were SpenMr, Shake- 
apearc, and Cowley. 

■ Hii manner be had in common with othen ; bnt 
hi* lentiment* weie hit owti. Upon ereiy ubject he 
thought for hinuelf; and nich wai hit oopionaneu 
of knowledge, that aomething at once tcmote and 
applicable nuhed into hit mind \ jet it it noi likely 
that he alwayi rejected a commodioot idea merely 
becaote another had uied it j tut known wealth wai 
to great, that he might have borrowed wiCbonl loat 
of credit ' (•« before, pp. $1-53). 

' Hit diction WM in hit own time ccnntted at 
negligent. He teemi not to hare known, 01 not to 
have coTuidered that words being arbitrary mnst owe 
thai power to association, and have the influence, 
and that only, which custom bat given them. 
Langwtge it the dretsof thon^t : and at the ittblett 
mien, or most graceful action, would be d^iaded 
and obicured by a garb appropriated to the groat 
cmploymentt of luitica oi uechanLci ; to the 
most haroic lantimeDti will lo«« their efficacy, and 
the most splendid ideas drop their magnificence. 
If they are conveyed by woidt naed oomnonlj 
npoa low and trifial occationt, debated by vnlgar 
montht, and contaminated by inelegant applica- 

' Truth indeed is alwaya truth, and raaaon it alwajt 
reason ; they have an intrintic and unalterable Talue, 
and conititnte that intelleetnal ^td irtiitA defiat de- 
•tnction ; bat gold may be to oonoealed in baser 
matter, that only a chemiit can recover it j tente may 
be to hidden in onreGnnl and pidiean woidt, that 
IKMte bat phikitofliei* can diatingnith it ; and both 
maybe to buried in impnritiet, at not to pay theooit 
of their eilraction, 

■ The diction, being the vehicle of the thoog^tt, 
fint present! ittelf to the intellectual ejt j and if the 

Ida, a haOm kna>iriedgfe it not 
oAxn son^t Whatever profeates to benefit by 
pkatiiifc matt plwae at onoe. The pleamret of th« 
mind imply something mddoi and nnoijiected ; that 
which elentet anR always aarpriac. What it per- 
ceived by tlow dig reei may gratify oa with oontdona- 
nets of improretnent, bnt will new strike with the 
tense of pleanie. 

' Of all this, Cowley appean to have been wilhont 
knowledge, or wittxmt care. He makes no teleetion 
of wiHilt, nor teekt any neatneat of phraie : he hat no 
elegance either lucky or eUbotate ; at hit emdeavoud 
were rather to impretl seotencet upon the under- 
standing than inuget on the fancy, he hat few 
ejHtbeti^ and those scattered without pecntiar pro 
priety of nice adaptation. It teent to follow fron 
the necesuty of the subject, nther than the care of 
the writer, that the diction of hit heroic poem It 
lesi familiar than that of hit tlightett writingi. He 
his given not the Mune numbers, but the note 
diction, to the gentle Anacreon and the tcmpettsoni 

■ Hts veidlication teemi to have had vety little of 
hit care ; and if what he thinkt be true, that Ut 
munben ai« nnntntical only vriten &ey are ill rea^ 
the art of reading them is at preient loat ; for th^ 
are commonly harsh to modem can. He has indeed 
many noble lines, sndi at (he feeble care of Waller 
never could produce. Tbe bulk of has thon^Ut 
Bometimei swelled hia verte to ane^>ectcd , and 
inevitable grandeur ) but his excellence of this kiud 
it merely fotuitous : he sinks willingly down to hit 
general catelettnest, and avoids with vciy little care 
either mcuineu or tqierity. 

' Hit contiactiool are often rugged and harsh : 
" One Uags a nwinwin, and in rirtn tog 
Torn up witb'L" Z>«bMbi, Book IIL 

' Hit rhyme* ate veiy often made by pnnmni or 
particles, or the like unimportant wctdt, which 
dinppoint the ear, and dcttny the LMigj of tbe 

' Hit oomblitatlonB of diSfarent measures are taae< 
timet distonant and nnpleating ; he joint venen 
together, of which the former does not slide easily 
into the latter. 

'The words lib and did, whldt so mud d^iade la 
pmttnt estimation tbe line that admits tlKm, woe in 
the time of Cowley little oensured or avoided ; how 
often he used them, and with how bad an cflbct, at 
least to our ean^ vriU appear by a ptttage, is which 
every reader will lament to tee jutt and nobk 
thot^tt deftauded of their praise by inelegance of 



No othBT b>« th»U ttMcUe »• i 

SHave to mrielf I will nol be ; 
Nor itwO my tnton actions be oonfin'd 

Bf nr 0*0 pRMiit mind. 
Who bf nMlvei and vowi ■■gaf'd diKi duid 

For dftfi, that jM b«k>a( to fat^ 
Awi like an unthrift mottgrnge hi* eitatc, 

Befere it falls Into Ms hand. 

The bcodman of the dotater n, 
An that be iea noitn d—t alwa ji ovd 
And Mill ai Time EOines lo, it goes away, 

Not to enjof , but debts (o pay I 
Unhappr dare, and pa(A to a bdl I 
WUcfa hi* boDi'i mafc at mU aa boon ion leU : 
Udiqtpr till ibe laK, die kind nleaainx knelL " 

CowLEV: Odt: O/Ubtrtj. 
' Hi* httoio Uoea are often fonned of mmo- 
^llables i but jet they aie Knnetiou* *weet and 

' He layi of tbe Uesdali : 

' In another pUce, or David : 
" Yet bid him go lecurely, wbcn be lend* ; 
' Tit Saul that ii kii fm, and n kiifritndi. 
The ma» vke kai his God, lU aid tan lait ; 
' Yet amidst his nq^ligence he sometimes attempted 
■n improved and sdentiGc TcniGcation ; of which 
k inll be .be«t to fpn bit own «cco«nt lubjained to 

" Nor can tba glory contain ItieU In 

Davidtii, Bookl. 


moat part of readers, that it is not by negligence that 
this Tcne is so loose, long, and as it were, vast ; it it 
to paint in the number the nature of the thing which 
it defcribei, wfaidi I vronki hare observed in divers 
odter places of thli poem, that else will pan for very 

" In the second book : 

" Dntn ttfrtdpiti dttf, dw* iteaili tJttm all."- 
" And/til a-datBn kii tAeiiId4ri nilk bau eart," 
" In tlie third : 

'• Brui wmi kU lulmtt. tiitMt troa, mmd^tr 

" In the fouth : 
" LHu Mmifair fint e'tr-leeHng all IX ignoi/traood," 

" StmtfivM Uit rvcii aul /temulvu dem htad/et^." 
And many more : hnt it ii enough to iikstance in a 
few. The thing is. Chat the disposition of words and 
ntunbers should be sudi, a* that, out of the order 
and sound of them, the things themselves may be 
T^>reseated. This the Greeks were not so accnrale 
as to Innd themselves to; neither have our English 
poets observed it, for aught I can find. The Latins 
Igui m$uai calunt latriera) sometimes did it, and 
their prince^ Virgil, always : in whom the eiamplei 
are iimnmerable, and taken notice of by all judicious 
men, so that it b superfluous to collect then. 

' I know not whether lie has, in many of these 
jn^hTn-M^ attained the represeatalioa or rewmblance 
that he purposea, Vene can imitate only sonnd 
and motion. A iatndUit verse, a ktadla^ vene, and 
a verse of brati or of ifrvng brasi, teem to comprise 
very incongmons and unsociable ideas. What there 
i* peculiar in the aound of the line expressing Iveit 
cart, I cannot discover ; nor why the/inr is taiitr iii 
•n Alexandrine than in ten syllables. 

' But not to defraud him of his due praise, he ha* 
given one example U representative versification, 
which periiaps no other Ei^lish line can equal : 

which slopp'd hin 

Till the whole streai 
WItitk rtau. anil, i 

' Cowley was, I believe, the first poet that mingled 
Alexandrines at pleasore with the common heroic of 
ten tyllablet, and fi«m him Dryden borrowed the 
practice, whether ornamental or lieentioas. He 
consideied the vene of twelve syllables as elevated 
and majestic, and has therefore deviated into that 
measnre when he suppose* the voice heard of the 
Supreme Being. 

'The Author of the " Davideit " is commended by 
Dryden for having written it in couplets, because Iw 
discovered that any staff was too lyrical far an heroic 
poem ; bat this seems to have been known before by 
May and Sandys, the translators of the " Fharaalia " 
■nd the " Metamorphoses." 

'In At "IHvidei*'' are some hemistich*, or 
Tenet left imperfect by the author, in imitation of 
Tir^, whom he supposes not to have intended to 
complete them. That thb opinion is erroneous may 
be probaUy concluded, beanve this tiuncttkut u 



iuluud by no labMqtMnt Robu poet i becMM 
Viigil himiclf filled op one brok^ line Id the heat 
of redtatioD \ becaiue In one the lenie it now nn- 
finiihfd I uid becMue kU that on be done bjr m 
broken vene, • line intcnected bj ■ camra, ud a 
full Mo)>, will <qn«U7 eflect. 

* Of tripleti in Ui "Davideii" he mmkci no ate, 
■ad pertupi did not at Gnt think ibcm iJlomUe ; 
but he appean aftcrwardi to hare changed hit mind, 
for in the Tcna on the gDvemmenl of Cromwell be 
inierti than liberall; with great happtneu ' (at before, 
PP- SS-S9). 

' It hat been ofaeerred by Felton, in hit Btnjr on 
the Clatiici, Out Cowtey wai betored by ercfy Mate 
that he coorted ; and that he htdiltraUedtheancienta 
In eveiT kind of poetrjr bnt tngedy. 

'It maj be affinned, without ta.f eaeomiattic 
ferroDT, that he brought to bis poetic laboni* a 
Blind leplete with learning, and tlut hit paget aie 
etDbd]iihed with all the omamenti which bookt conld 
tupplj J that he waa the fint who itapaited to 
Engliih nomben the enthiuiaim of the greater ode, 
and tbe gaiety of the len ; that he wai eqoallj 
qntlificd for sprightly tallies and for lofty Hightt; 
that be wai among thote who fieed tianxlation from 
lenrility, and, intlead of followii% hit author at a dit- 
tanoe, walked by hit tide ; and that, if he left reni- 
lication yet ImprovaUe, he left likewite from time to 

feeding poett to impniTeit' [at befote, pp. 60-61). 

To those «4io cxc^ to lee what Warton 
and V1CKSSIHU8 Khox and Bkattik, and 
even ' smaller irj' have said for and against 
Cowley, I commend the ' Biographia Brit- 
annica' (1779)) '■>■■ 

Perhaps still more penetrative is Robzkt 
Aris Wiuiott : — 

* Wbm Boewell mentioned to Johnvm the laying 
of Shenttone [Emaji on Hoi and Uaimen] that 
Pope had the art beyond any other writer of caa- 
denting tente, Jobuoo replied ; " It it not tme, air ; 
dieie if mote lente in aline of Cowley than in a page 
(or a lentoice, or ten linei— I [BotweU] am iwt qoite 
certiin of the very pfarate] of Fi^>e.'' He might 
have olaiged thit aritidsm in hit Life of Cowley : 
other poett may be read ; he ia to be ttadied. The 
■naltitBde of hit aUnaioiu came a ccMitinaal itrain m 
tbe memory ; and tbe richnen of hit fancy blinda 
the reader to the itrength of bit intellect ; at in 
tx^ical wood* tbe thickeit tmnk of the tree it 
|itHii*w |w ijie tijj grui and pluils, that climb ap 

•Dd eodttle it.' A J mirmal ^ S wrnma- Tlmeiiat 
ComOwj, 1849. 9- 6^f 

VIII. The Man. I made this one of the 
sections of my latioduction that I mi^ 
thus accentuate Sprat's loving and eloquent 
review of tbe Life, as given in Aill at pages 
dx.-cxL I ask the Reader to return thither 
if he would see the wealth of esteem and 
more, that those who knew Cowley bes^ 
gave him. Of very few contemporaries has 
such afiectimuite and nevertheless wcU- 
wei^ed eult^ been left, id est, from a man 
of the calibre of Sprat 

I know not that it is needful to add much 
to that noble and tingerin^y-told Eulogy. 
As man he was emphatically a Wokthv of 
England. Pure amoi^; the vile, patriotic 
among the merely courtly, noble among the V 
venal, simple in his habits and likings among 
the spendthrift and foully 'gay,' and a 'fine 
old English gentleman.' Though given 
scarcely more than half his years, it will be 
a bad day for England when he is forgotten. 
I have no such fear. I know that ttMlay 
these massive touMS that enshrine for the 
first time wtirthily hia Works, will past into 
the 'stately homes of ^igland' (from the 
Queen downward) and to select bookish and 
cultured readers ; and Aey shall go down to 
childien and children's children. I hold 
the man half-blockhead, half-pretender, and 
a pseudo-Eo^ishman, who seeks in aught to 
diminish either the reverence or gratitude 
that must for ever be due to Abraham Cow^ 

> At Cnkw^ Bond Aiwi, Swtit wl Qny vifi b 
ii|iiiiini with ShwWMi*. Ptibav* vfcu itiBuMitm tb* ooe- 
iliimlliiil <f CovkT froB tbal a( Pgp* (■ thit a lu (be 
thoBcfai u A* BilB ihbs, •h!U !■ Pcfw iha ni^ 'iiickid 
■ud padud ' li u. When 701 ixmikr CowUr T<"> d J C CT iw 
ihM j™ tan ■ whole bvuDB BClhcnclil ezFUidad biAn joa, 
vtth Pope «^ tnalmlr wIII.ih* iluBkiiii 

gift ni Ami of ■ ttrf uaf wtxaU* *■ 
Tha pitT of it It >bt> ^ ■"!" <• » 
nplc Ibe nnjiut, crwil, safra| 

I. Ttv^mah 



LBV u Poet and Essayist and Englishman. 
It is pathetic and also provocative of indig- 
nation that any should be found to-day to 
grudge him his niche in our great Valhalla 
of literature. 

I dose with Sir John Dshhau's Elegy, 
written when he hinuelf was within the 
shadow (rf his last journey : for he was not 
long of followiog his &iend, having died in 
Mawt' 1668. Faults — iron-mould stains as 
H were in the marble— doubtless there are in 
this noble Elegy, but it is dae to the Poet 
celebnUed and celebrating, that it should 
here be reproduced unmutilUed and in in- 

Hit Dtalk and Bmiat amongit tht Aneitnt Ptelt. 

' Old Ckauetr, like (ba Uontng Star, 

To ni dUcoven Daf from fur, 

Hb Ligfat tluM MiH> and Cloudi diM^/d, 

Whkh oar daik Nation loi« isvolT'd ; 

But be dcMcnding la the Shades, 

tJaAnau again the Ap inrade*. 

Nat (like Aitnra\ Sftnar naa, 

Wboie Porple Bliiih the Daf (ornbein ; 

Tfae other three, with hii own Fins, 

PAatiu, the Poeu' Cod, inipiTes ; 

Bjr Skakaf€ar's. JelmMm-s, FUUkti'i Uom. 

Our Stage's Loatre RtaUt outshlnn ; 

Tbam Poet* hw dot Piinoes sleep, 

And Id one Grave their Klanalon keep. 

Tbejr Uv'd to see 10 manf daja, 

nil Time had blasted all their Bajl ; 

But Cursed be the blal How 

That pluckl the fairest, sweetest Flow'r 

That io the Mosei' Garden grew, 

And amongxt irtther'd LaureLi tlucw. 

Time, which made them tlieir Fame OtUllTB, 

To Ct¥il4y scarce did Ripeness give. 

Old Mother Wit, and Nature, gave 

Siaiaftar and FlOehtr all tiie; hare ; 

lit Spiitgr, and in yakiuon. Ait, 

Of ilowa- Nature got the start ; 

Bat both Id him 10 equal are. 

None knows whidi bean ttie iiappr'M share J 

To him IK> Anthor wax unknowii, 

Vet what be wrote was all his own ; 

He melted not the ancient Gold, 

Ncr, with BtH yokiuim, did make bcdd 

To ptnniiai all the RamtM atores 

0( PoatK and of Oratora : 

/bnuf his Wh, and yirgiTiSala. 

He did not Sl«al, bat Emakle, 


And wtien be would like them appear, 

Tbefr Oaiti, but not tbiir CkMhs, did wear ; 

He not Horn Samt akine, but Gruc*. 

like/dJM brongbt the Golden Fleece : 

To him that Language [though to none 

Of th'otbei^ ai hli own was knowiL 

On a stiff Gate (as Ptatau > dngi) 

The TkAam Swan extendi his wingi. 

When throng th' Mherial Cloudi he fliet. 

To the Hme pitch our Swan doth rise ; 

Old Piitdar'i FUghu by hbn are reacht. 

When on that Gale his wings an Mietdu 1 

His Fancy and his Judgment sudi. 

Each to the other seem'd too much, 

Hli seTfTC Judgement (gliing Law) 

Hii modest Pancj kept In awe: 

At rigid Husbands )ealoui are. 

When tbej beUere their Wives loo btr. 

His Bngliifa Streams so pure did flow. 

At all that «w and taitad know. 

Kit Ice hli Latin Vdn, ao dear. 

Strong,' full, and high It doth tippeu, 

That were immortal Virgilbtn, 

Him, for his Judge, he would not ftar ; 

Of that great Portralctuie, ao tme 

A Copy Pendl never drew. 

My Muse her Song had ended here, 

Oil both tbeir Gtmii itrail appear, 

Joy and AmaMment her did strike, 

Two Twins she never saw so Uke. 

Twas Uoght by wise Pytiagom, 

One Soul m^ht through mom Bodies 

Sedog tacb TYanimigration thae. 
She thought It not a Fable hse. 
Sui^ a lesembluice of all parts. 
Life, Death. Age, Fonuae, Nature, Arti, 
Then Ughtt ber Torch at thehl, to tell. 
And shew the World this ParaUd : 
Fbct and Contemplative their Looks, 
Still turning over Nature's Books : 
Their Works, Chost, Moral, and DMoe, 
Where Profit and Dellj^t combine ; 
They gliding din. In noble Vene 
Rustick Philosophy rehearse ; 
When Heroes, Gods, or Ood-llke Kings 
They praise, on their exalted Wlngi, 
To the Celesdal Oibt they oUnib, 
And with th' Harmoaiont Spherea keep Itme : 
Nor did tlieir Actions fall bAind 
Thrir Word, but with like candour ihin'd ; 
Each drew &tir Chanusten, jet nana 
Of these tbey feign'd, excels Ihek own ; 
Both by two generous Friocei lov'd, 
Who knew, and jndg'd what tbey iqsptor'd : 
Vet having eadi Ibe same desire. 
Both from the bnda Ihraag retfro. 



Thdr Bodia lo llidr Ifiddi mrifB'd. 
Clf'd BOt to pMpi^U llidr Ktad : 
Vh tbooita both Ua ImCmw tluir hov, 
Tlow oo tteir Off-^Kinc haik no pow^. 
Nor Elm noc Fua tbalr Btp IbtU blut, 
N<K Doth'* dvk VaD tbdr dftj o'vbchl' 

I hsve now the pleuaat duty in dosing 
diis Introduction, and therein my edition of 
Cowley's Woika, and again therein the entire 
•cries of the Chirtsky WosTHiKa* Libkaky, 
to return my right-grateful thanka to tbote 
friends who hare apccifically helped me in 
making thia collection ot Cowley worthy of 
him. I would r&-aame my friends Dr. 
WnxiAH Alois Wright of Trinity College, 
Cambridge ; Rxv. Richard Wilton, H.A., 
Londesborough Rectory : Edhund W. Gossk, 
Esq., and Dk. Brinslxv Nicholson, Lon- 
don ; Gtoxos EL Whiti, Esq., Gknthome, 
Torquay; and JtRV. J. W. Ebsworth, M.A., 
Holash Vicarage. I have likewise to ac> 
knowledge i'nf"ii'"g c&opeiatioB from the 
LibFariani of all ooi great Public librviei 
to whom I hare had occasion to apply. 
In no single instance have I done so withottt 
cordial response. 

I cannot thus end my neariy six years' 
task-of-love on the Cscrtsrt Woetkiri 
LlBRAKT, without recording the cheer it has 
been to me to be greeted bi-monthly by so 

many pleasant letten from my cmstttueney 
of Subscriben. Their 'good words' have 
heartened me to go f<»ward irtten the borden 
was almost too great for one brain and hand. 
If B<»ne of the Worthies have exceeded in 
extent the original estimate made for me, so 
that the volumes are fiilly a half more, no 
appreciable complaint has reached me ; and 
I have the sati^hction at knowing that the 
excess has arisen almost scdely from my good 
fortune in recovering hitheito unknown or 
D^ected materials. I wish from my inner- 
most heart to thank all the friends who have 
thus so geneioQsIy and sympathetically stood 
by me in my single-handed and pecuniarily 
slenderiy-rewarded labours <m oar early 
Literature. And now to-morrow to 'fresh 
fields and pastures new' in the Hutb 
Library, and new Spxnsui and Samuel 
Damih^— the Prospectus of all, respcmded 
to with SDch swift alacrity and confiding 
tmstfiilness, as while they give me in^nilse 
to better and bettet work, move me un- 

Alxxamdsr B. Grosart. 

St. GaoKoa's Txstxt, 

Bi.Acaau>i(, Lmc«Hiaa, 


A. — Will or rATHZR or Cowuy. See page xi/i. 

EXTRACTED paOM tbb PaiitcirAL RxaiiTKT 
or TBB Probatx, Divokcc and AmfiKALTV 
Division or thb High Court or Junes. 

A dU I\ m tg»twt CmH tftUmtntmrf. 
' la the ULme of God unen. die fower utd tw^ 
tttll iajt of Jnl^ Anno Domini one thooand nzo 
handled snd dgliteene uid in the liiteenth jerc of 
the Raigne of oui Sovenigae Lord Kynge Jmins of 
England Fiannce and unj of SootlAnd the 
one and fiftith I Thooui Cowley cidtea 

of Loadon and of the Pnlthe of St. Uidtiel M 
Qoetne Loodoo befng ricke fn bodfe bnl in good 
and perfect memraf (thanka be to God) do make 
thii m; last Will and Tettanent in mafi and tame 
fbloving thai ia to uje Fint I commit mj Soolc to 
Almi^tia God with ftiU aannncc of raniMton of 
•11 xaj tynMS thotot^e t^ meritlea and paanm of 
Jeani Chriite my Savjoiu and Redeemer wad my 
bodje to be biuTed at the dtacnOon ot mr Baeeatot 
heraafier «bw*^ and m fot the dijpoiliig of that 
woHdlie EMale at God hatfce beatinnd nppon me 



(mj' debtei bcjog latii&ed I gire ileviae iA be- 
qneaAe tke tame in "fi"'>— ' and fbnie fblowiiig 
that ii to ML^ Fint n>r "^ ""^ "Tix^cl* t^ "*>"*■* 
god hath bletted me with nxe childrea besdes the 
chDdc or childrcD whidi Tbomadne my wife nowe 
goeth w* all tU. Peter Cooley Audrey Cooley 
John OuAkj WinUm Codey lUtherine Cooky and 
Thoouu Cooley and to the rhiM* <jr children w^ 
my wife goeth w*^ all I giTC and bequeathe to creiy 
of them lererallie the atunme of one hnudrad and 
fortie pound* a peace of lawfnll money of Eaglaod 
and yf eUhcr or any of them ahall happen to ^ oi 
deeeaM Hii* mortall life that Aen hii hs tx Aeire 
poitian aoe doceadng to be cqnalli* derided amongeit 
the rert o( them nurivinge to be payd at theiie 
•erenU age* ^ one and twentie yerei or daye of 
Buuriage Item I [ire and beqncn^ nito my tiiten 
duldren Richard Millwood and Margery MUwood 
to etther of them ^re ponnde* of lawfull moiey of 
Tpwjrtjml Item 1 giTC and bequeathe to Klirihrfh 
Pierce my liiter fyre ponndea of lawfoll money 
of En^and item I {ire and bequeathe rato my 
brodien in lawe Hamphrey Clarice and Homftey 
CJare and Henry Mooitm and Rovriand Sqiire 
to emy of them fyre poande* of lawfitU tnoBey 
of Kntfand aad doe make Ibeni or e neen of thii 
ny lait Will and Tettament deiyring them to 
be ayding and ■«^T''"g to my wclbelored wifc 
my Executor hereafter named The rett and re- 
■dne of my estate my debt* Mtlified my l^acey* 
performed and my fonenll discharged I fire and 
bequeath onto Thoma«ine Cooley my deere and 
wdbeloved wife whome I make my full and icde 

Eaecotitx of thi* my la*t WiQ 
witneme whereof I have hereunto lel my hand and 
leale the daye and yere abon written— THOMAS 
Cowley {LS}— Sealed publiihed and dedared by 
the abore named Thomas Cowley the tettator the 
fewer and twentith daye of Julye one thontand lixe 
hundred and eighteene loc his lart Will and Tetta- 
ment in the preaeoce of n — John Shaxpe — GcoaOB 

Ptobatnm fait Tntaaaentnn ipnscriptnm apod 
L<nida*i ooiam Magro Ednmndo Pope l^nm 
doctore Suirogato Tenenbili* viri Dfii Jo- 
hannes Benet militis l<^gam etiam Doctoria 
Curie FrerogatiTe Cantuarieans HagH cna- 
todj rive cominarij legitime constttuto m- 
dedmo die Meniis Angusti Anno Dtli mil- 

Thomasine Cowley Rdicte dictl Defhncti el 
Executiice in eodem Testamento nominal Cui 
CoDunitI fbit adminiitraco bonorum Juiinm 
et Creditorwn dicti Ddimcti de bene et 
fidditer HJininiitmUTi ^. Ad Sancta Oei 
Evangdia JunL 

(83 Meade). With Teference to die spelling 
of the family names as < Cooley,' it is curiouB 
to notice that as such it survives to-day not 
infrequently, t^. the African Explorer and 
Historian, while as Cowley, save in the 
nobleman of the name, it seems very much 
to have died out 

B. — PoKM OF The PintiXAM and. thi Papist. 




By M'. Abraham Cowley. 

LOHIK>H Printed for W. Dauii, 168}. 

See pa^ xvi/a. 





1 nda Waoa, by Suxms together thrown. 
Row at each other, Fight, and tben giw On*. 
StSgiim is a CircU ; men eooU^ 

And Run the Round in dispute wlthonl end. 

Now in a Circlt who go contmiy, 

Unit, at the last, mttt of neeeuiqr. 

The JtnuM Cati'lifnt to advance the Catar 

AOarni a Ijft, and caUi it Aa Amu. 




The Airtfui approrai, uid doM tbe MM, 
DidikM lWD(bt in It bat the LUim saw. 
He Bowi with Ui deolKi, ud dMO* ^ 
In reiy ittd. In (rvlit, Bad vtritf. 
hidWd fa Holy He wUnet, and il^ ooi Litt with lo mneh rath 
Cli*M>. A«ifbeciiei^d.-euueheconldne'er*pe>ktnMh. 

Lies hare poueit the iVifi lo, at their dua. 
Twin Mvce I fear, benaefortli prtnt BiUti tnie. 
£wf for Iheii next Stroag Port ha' th' PutpU dtOM, 
There tbqr thiDtv out at th' Pnacher'i iTovM and S«t*, 
And bow e'er ^coa, are ocnatn lo bcfnlle 
The poor Soat-tiinurt of the HuUZr /j^,- 
Naf to th' AhnltMVi nlf the; ban been bold 
To ^, and ibdi' blMpbemoii* J/toJiftr told, 
Ther mi|bt Mf ialH to C^ telf tbqr wen 
BeMeo. be knew 'I DM, for be waa not tba& 
Ib PablU^ But Gti, who thdr (nat i kaaif kl iuu did Me, 
fi!wmfi"* ** Ro"""!* "l*™ «raight with anotha yUfrU, 

JuM tucb an ooe at Bratn/trd; and Hut donbl 
Will iMo/y, er't be Imc, their graHtudt out. 
Not all the Ltgtndi at the 5ii>'a/t of old. 
Not Tait BartKtta, nor ily Surim, bold 
Such plenlj of apparent £mi, ai an 
In jrour own Autier, Ja. Brvmu CUrit. Par. 
BaidcB what jour mall Petti, laid or wilt, 
Bnilii)ka, Strmti. and the Aunm of the Sat^fU : 
In Mnlmi Rtfr- With nuuif a itniai Rutniatvm. 
salitn. YoullmalntataiUto^, ^cwrv'<[]poarowne.] 

For tb' pobUque good Oit numnU'd jonll dlibutM; 

Ktstrv'd [The grsUer port lor four own Pune;] 

Von '11 toot the Cavatitn ont, cvo? man ; 

Faith let it be mtrv'd here ; [Ify eon.] 

Voal make our pBciaui Chablxs, h Gtoriaut 


Rutnfd [■'■ Z^aid'h,] (or Ihltho' je would bring 
Hia Siajai Head ; the only tecore Sotmt 
Tot King!, where sndi at jou, will new oome. 
To keep th' Egtatei o' th' Subject] you pretend ; 
Rtttn/d [in TOUT own TVmiu] You will defend 
Ti^CkKr^alEngtaiid, 'tia yoai PnUtlalum ; 
But that '» Nnt-Englani, br a small Sturvatiaa, 

, „ . _ Pow'r of Z>t^^«uiffr£)a<Ai the /■<^1> claims 

JiSr™* C«« hath got leave o/GW to do the tame. 

For JOU do hate all SvHaring so, that when 
Vou 've Sworn an OoA, je irtak It nrai^t agen. 
A Cmie upon jou I which hmti moH tbeee Naliotu, 
Cevaiitn Sutarinf, or your Prvtttlatiani f 
Nbj, though Oalii be by jron lo much abboir'd, 
V allow Gad damn lu In the PnrHam Urd. 
They keep the Biilt from Lay-mat, but ye 
Avoid thii, for ye have no Laytty. 
•—imbm. "^^"J' '" >/""'W" »'"d •la*"""* Ttmgat pray, 
tMlpM^ Yon In an mtkiuiBin Sina your Prayer* stj : 
So tluu thii diflereooB 'twixt ye does ennie, 
Paalt uDdentaud not them, nc* Win mnjmi. 
Tbey an unprofitable teal have got, 
Ot Invocating SaiHli thai ktar Ihtm mat. 
"Twere weD you did to, nought may more be fear'd 
In your fond Prayen, than that the; >jt«MA»A«arA 

To Iben yoor N» 

Tbqr 'd ne'ci lec that i' 1 

Nay, wbatbcr you'd wociUp S<u»ii a not known. 

For f have at yet of your XtUgiat none. 

They by/BB / aM f ij think tobeJuMifi'd, 
Yon into tbe mme Error deeper lUde ; 
You thhik by Werit toojtuli/td to be. 
And thote iff Wfrkt; LUi, Trtamt, Ptrpa-U. 
But oh ! yoor Faith ti mighty ; that tuth been, 
Ai true Faith ought to be. of Ihingt hmm. __ 

At WmfUtr. BraimferdtxA Bdg-Mll. we lee. 
Only by Faith f have got the Victty. 
Such it your ^Ith, and ioaM nch nnnen way 
Tbe pitiUqm PmUh at latt your d^tt win pay. 

They hoU fimw il l (that nought tbsk Sotdi la^ C u ^" 

At the graat Ptiriledge of aU Mankind. 
You 're here more nod'rate, for 'tli yonr Intent, 
To make 't a Pilvledg, bat of Parliammt. 
They (octid Prittli to many ; you wane do, 
Their mairiage you aUow, yet puniih too ; 
For yon 'd make PrttOi so poor, that upon bH 
Who marry, loom and ttggtry miut blL 

They a bold pow'r o'v Mcred Seriftarti lake. 
Blot ool aoma Clanni, and toow new ooei make. 
Your great Lard yindtt Bnaka poUlqudy odd, 
._ . . .. . _ ^^ 

tbe C'nutf ye tboukl do well. 
And blot oat Ckriitt daeenddng tnta HtU. 
Repent wild man, or you 11 ne'er change, I fear. 
The mttntt of yonr nm ducndiiig titn. 

Yet modetily tliey nae the Crtid, for Ibey 
Wonld take the Lordi Pray'r Root and Brand away. 
And witely taid a Lndti of our nation. 
The Lardi Prayr wai a Pofitk /nnaoatioit. 
Take heed, yon '11 grant en long it ihoold be said, 
An'l be but to deiire your Daily Broad. 

Tbey keep Ihe^MgUt. igmaraiU, and yoa 
Keep both the /M^ft aod your sdvea ao too, 
They Hind ottditna and ilimd duty teach. 
You iliMd StMliet and Hind facdon pRncfa. 
Nor can I blame you much, that ye adnnoe 
That which can wely HVe ye, IgaaroMtti 
Thotigh Heaven be praltod, '1 bu oft been proved wdL 
Your Ignaranei li not Imineiilt. 
Nay luch bold liei to God bfanielf ye vaunt. 
At if you 'd lain keep him too, Ignaramt. 

Idtntta and Pnrgalory they believe. 

Maligikanu only ; you this Trick doei pleax. 
For tbe Mme CauM ye "ve made new LiminuM 
Where we maybe tmprlnn'd kmg ere we 
K Day cd Jtidgmtmt\ii jwa Couiu sbali lee. 
But Pym can. like tbe Paf4, with thii diipence ; 
And for a Briii, deUvo- Souli from thence. 

Their Conntils claim InfatUHIUy, 
Sndi mtut yonr CantuntitU Synad be : 
And Teachers from all pani of th' Earth y« call. 
To make't a CmuH, Oocmwunitat. 

eaij nJ'arSa 





Tb^ Kv'nd tina appoint fawn Mtata taiOaim; 
Voo now lor tba IrUk Wan. a Auf ordain : 
And that Out Kisfdom mlghl bs nin to Ptut, 
K&M A;p- Vc lake a Coime to AMnv tlian ill at laM. 
1^?^ ^T"' "'^ thongh je keep no Evu, Prid^i, nor £m/, 
mitf\. ^0* fo irv titat ca Smiayi jpou're Content ; 

Then you Repeat, Repeat, and Prar aul Pray ; 
Your TfOi keep SaHatA. and r«)vva. HViiliv^' 
gkmthafr Tbief pntem Jttiiftiti ; jou have far or ncme, 
*"*^ Uales* the CilM/ aent to /nts />« bf ooa. 

Or Bt/ltiti Rkb >f»U>f(i. »ic who canyd 
A Sdifw io bo- Womii, before ibe manr'd. 
k ill III to Thejr in Siuatdiiig Piltr take a PrJde ; 

c«dSa./><«rr. So do fon ; knjaaiUatln-j^'nia^d. 
But oUeBr AHir'i ftivUtdgt j9 dMoae, 
At jour own willi to Bind and to CfltAvM: 
He wai a Fidurmait ; Tool! be ao loo, 
When Qotlilnc but jour SU/i are left u> jaa. 
He went to Somi, to Smu you Baekaard Sidt, 
(Tlioiigh both jiour Etriogs are bj loma denjred.) 
Nor l>'t a CoDtredictlon, IT m 1*7, 
ym go to Jfoiiu the fuiU Ctttlrary laay ; 
He dj'd o' th' Ovii/ (hat Death'i onuaial now ; 
Tlie Galbtu la moat lik't, and tlMt '■ for jaa. 
M CBC far Ther lore CAmrcJi MuiUk, It offendi jour Mtue, 

J^J^^JU**' And therefora je h»™ nriv h ont from thence. 
I Which •hews. If right toot mind be nndcntood, 
Yoa hate it not Bi Mmsiti but ai Gwd 
Your Afadiua makes jron Sing ai modi al Ibejr 
Damct, wbo aie Ut with a TarmUula. 
But do nCN to your idvet alai appear, 
The moM Sttigieui Trejian that e'er were ; 
Beeante yoBZ lYoopes Singing of AoAimi do 

Tboe'i unity a TiaytoT hai mardit HtOtm a). 
Nor wbM jotir wit this holy profeet bore ; 
rwttrfand the 7>iwbal Ken tbo*e Tiicki bdbre. 
ttbgaMtbalr Tbej of (tiKage A/inuiEu and (Tnuftn ftU, 
wrtla. Yon axt your ahia %. kind lA Miraelt: 

E*en ncfa a liiratU u in writ divine 
We toul q' th' Daiils harrring down the Swim. 
TItejp have made Iwtagts to ipeak, 'tli tald, 
You a dnll Itmgt have your Sftaitr made ; 
And tliat ]roiiT bounty in iifiringi might abotind, 
y have to that Idol glVc ^ tlMMuand pound, 
Tbe; drivt out Devili ttiey a.j ; hen je begin 
To differ, I confesi ; you Ui them in. 
•A i»»t. ■ They maintain Tranniitantiatian ,- 

wtri JVmwi*- Yoa by tL Contrary PlUioi'fkfrtitimt, 
■""■ To TraniaislanHaU Miiatli, have the >kni ; 

' And tnm the Kingdoms Crt/if to /r'li and A^/. 
I' th' Sotramtnl yK differ, but 'tis noted, 
ArMJmustbe/lbiit. Win* Blood. \lKn^veUd. 
They make (lie Ai^ llielr Htad, -f exalt lor hfan 
Prinmli and MilrofolUam. Master />«( ; 
Nay H«ft, wbo >iu i' th' IiifalHilt Ckairt, 
And most inbllably spealu Nonsence there : 
Nay Cromml. Pnry, WMilIer, Slc/oA. Wn^. 
He who doei my and lay, and lay and m)>. 


Nay Laary who doea new CkmrJk-Otvtr'mtat wUi, 
And /'nytoici, Uka/Baoi, midst the /^laI,- 
Wbo cat) «DCh varima haintu wisely tway, 
Handiing both Htrrings amt Biike^ in one day. 
Nay all your Preachen Women, Boyi, and Uen, 
Ttoat Matttr Calamy to MUtriii Vm, 
Are perfect Papa in thar own Pariik grown ; 
For 10 oattioe tbe story of P»t* Jtnt ; 
Vaar Women Pnatk too. and an like to lie 
The Wlura ttSBaiylat, ai much at Si*. 

Thef d^ttt Kingihj Pont: bj Part* jtn'iio\X, Bolkte^M^ 
But first Mat fair nuani to persuade them to IL £%i '^ °°* 

They dan kiii Kingi ; and 'twixt ye here 's the attlfe, SioShIK"'* 
That yoa date thoot at /^ingi, to save tlieir Lif: PraL 

And what's tbe diff'rence, 'piay, whether he fall 
By the Peptt Bull, or your Qxt Gtntrai t 
TMrtt Kingdom! thus ye strive to make yoor own ; 
And Iflce the Pop* nsorp a TrifU Cmm. 

Sodi is yonr Aim, wadh yaai Rtligiam 1 TitirAvaritt 

Let 'a view yoor MdUMri now, and then I "ve done, 
Vour CWtenuacu 1st gasping Irtlamd tell. 
Where first the Iritk Landi, and next ye stll 
TYx BngUik Blood : vii tmmb StitUiim bmt. 
With thai vrhich should suppress, and quench It then; 
Wbal migbty Snmms have ye sqnees'd out o' th' 

Enongfa to make 'em Poor and ttmilhing Witly. 
Bxeiu, Laamt, ContriitMoni, Polt-mon^, 
Briia, Plundtr, and such ParTamtnt Pri&Uigt, 
Are words irtiioh you ne'er learnt iu Holy Writ, 
THI th' Spirit and your Synod mended iL 
When 's all tlie Tatntiitk part now which bath bean 
Paid yon by some, to Forfeit Ibe Ninaltei T 
When 'sail the Goods rfufm^*'^, and i'/kj«i^ past ? 
For you 're grown wretdied, filftring lutaves at taal ; 
Descmd to Braa and Prattr ; UU of late. 
Like ifida], all ye toucht, must needs tie Plate. 

By what vast hopes ii your AmHUim led f TJidr Amtiiitm. 

"Tti wiit in Blaad and may be plainly read. 
You must have Plata and llie Kingdom sway ; 
Tbe /Cing must be a Ward lo your Lord Say, 
Yoor lao'ccnl SfiaJur 10 tbe RolUi must rise. 

Six thousand Pound hath made him^niiitf and wii*. Lord Privy S«J. 
KimbaUen for his PaUur'i pla*t dotb call ; 
Woold tie like him ; would he were, Pai* and all. 
Iiaaii would alwayi be Lord Mayor and so, PamtagUn. 

May ahraya be, u much as be is now. 
For the Piv* Mtmitn, they so richly thrive, 
Ttiat they would always be, but Idtmitrt Piv, 
Only. Pym doth his Natural right enforce, 
By th' Mother's side be 's Masitr at the Han*. 
Most siiall bave Plata by these pop'Iar tridcs, 
The rest must be content with Bizkepriiki. 

For 'tis agaiiist Saptrititiim your hilent. 
First to root out tliat ,fr»i/ Church Ornament, 
Money and I«nds ; yotv Swords alas are drawn, 
Against the Biihof, not his Caf, or Lamm. 

O let not such lewd Sacrikdgi ttgin. 
Templed by Hmridt rlcb succassfid Sin. 




Hmry tbe mooMv King of tJl Ifaat m^ ; 
mid In bit Ltut. but wlldv In hl« Rufs. 
Expect DM TOg bl* nue, tfaoofh HeOimm Iblhw 
Id bnituliig HtitrUi tricki for tCiMt, 
Nor fewo' OitirdMi bopM ttan WI*a to Me 
Ain«^ ud tben th^ Lftnda hi* own to ba. 
Ye boundleM Trniit^ bow do 700 oottTi 
Th' ^dM^ou TMr^, Rtmdi Datanityt 
In Ragt, Ii^mttiet, CnuOy u fkr 
Above thoK men. ■■ too In Nimba' an, 

Ntm Pritemt made to dtfend ZJiiriU; 

Obt good* tet^d from tu fix pn^'d'i Mk« ; 

And an tbe RmI Noa-anoce wfakb re nake. 

SMif-mamf wu anJoHIr t»'m, jv Mr ; 

Uojiutlki br, jron t*k« tbe £A^ aw^. 

Tbe /ff/it CMHariirfm, 70a call'd Tjtaanr, 
^^^^^^^n^«j(rj^ Yedld; OoodOodl whui»tba#^i.a>*nBavr 
STRmS cm rf Ye wld tbat sHti, and brlbei pre f etrowi u bo^hi. 
tbiir ifiwpuiai. B; 1DMIC7 and blood too, tbey How are MOfhl. 

To ibe Klng^ will tbe L«wi men itro*e to draw ; 

Tbe Sabjecti will, it now become tbe Uiw. 
T*ru Inr'd a New Rdlgloa would b^n ; 

AH new ReUgloai, now are antred In. 

Tbe King ZlcA'sfiHsA to protect did Hiiie ; 

Wbat Chiba, Fika^ Halbati, Ll^loi. ttT'd tba 

Von think tbe ParfrntHl. Uke ymi State of Oiaoa 
Whklenr tint man do, (bey ke^ their piMch 
InrarioB* then woe fear'd ^alnit (he State, 
V^ i«fi. And Stndt twtwe Ibm yaat would be d^ir-d(hi. 

You bting in Forntlgn Aid to joat dettgat ; 
Flrat (boae (leal Fonalfo Foraet of DItIiim, 
VnSi iriilch Ship* (Mm AwuHta wen 6«icbt 
Ratbar may StlnUiv Tobaoco Mitt be btougbt 
FMm theooe. I mj : nea yn (ha Scett f irrita, 
WUdi ya ton) BraUMdy atriitBDca right ; 
For Bi^taadyoaiBMtA with ib«m to ibMre : 
Tbejr irtio alai ! but younfcr Brathtn ata, 
Mntt bare tbe Hanrfi for ttadr ParHam ; 
Tbe Beitia and flia Lamdi wUl be your Ommt. 

We (hank je far the womdt wbicfc w« oKha^ 
WbilM SoatcfaM and dgfat |«Ui Te aetk to <■«. 
We tbank ye for tna nal ban at hM, 
Whldi free oa from to maoj Uae oMt patt 
We thank re far Uw Bbod wbld Sua our Coatt 
Aa a }att debt paid 10 gnat S^^^bfrf** GhcwM. 
We tbank re for the IHa Reeehr'd, aad all 
Wbkfa T«< )>r ronr lood oai*. la dma «« AaB. 
We thtok 1%, aad oar grathnd^t at gnu 
At ro<>n> *lin yoa tfaaafct' Ood far bai^ beat. 

Tbe Chancier of an HOL YSIS TBR. 

She tbat can A three Strmtmi la a day. 

And of tboae three, acaroa bear three (fWriltawar- 

She that can Rob her Huiband. to re^lr 

A Bodget PriaM (bat N»m a kmg Piqrw. 

She ttnt with £smMte4 partta b> JUmm; 

And with batf ^M and Blbla^ aofUr CM ; 

She that hs Poahatt with ^^^Gaqfttt tub. 

And EdiAe* her looka wbh Unle A|^ 

She tbat lovea Srr«Mw ai dM doaa tbe nal, 

Stm Hudtaig adff , that loogeat era the betL 

She that wiU i.7. rat nraar, die hataa a Lr<r, 

Except it be the man, that win Lra by litr. 

She that at OiriManl^i, thittuth far more SaOi, 

And diawi dte bfoadeat landhtrchMfar (Mit, 

She that dnga Paalmt devoutir next the ttnci. 

And beau hir maid, lib' IdtoU^ iriura mm taet. 

She tbat win til In ihop far Ato hom qMoti 

And regiiur the dot of all tbat paia. 

Damn at firM Sight, aad [roadir darei to t^. 

That Bona can poailblj ba taT'd, but tlwr> 

Tlial hangt Rilifiaa in a naked Bar, 

And Judge OMM beartt, accordliv to (hdr Hah. 

llM could eSard (o doobt, who wrote bat tnce, 

Mwn or XM OB the Cwwta^fawgtfe 

She that eaa tlgh aod cry, Queeo RtitaiM, 

RaU atthe Ai^ and icratcb out sid<^ death. 

And fat all tUi can gtre iw reaaott why, 

Tblt It aa boly iltt« milr. 

C — ^Thb Unuutilatbd Pritaci of 1656. See page xvii/a. 

At acf tttara laldy Into SiigUmd, I met by gnal 
aecMant {far mA I acoonot it to be, that any Copy of 
It diould be exam any where lo long, unloa at hb 
bonae wbo iHimad it) a Ami eotlluled, Tit /rm Agt, 
and publlthed nnder »g »omt. during the time of my 
abaenoe. X w on dr ed voy modi bow cms who could be 
ao/MAAltowTite*olltV«raea,ihonldjetbeBo H^imio 
•at (hem forth at anotbar Mam't rather then hit em»: 
thoogfa paliapa ha might han made a better choice, and 
BOt fiuheted the Bailard upon loah a perBon, wboae 
tloek of Repntadon Is, I fear, little cDoogh for main- 
tenance of hli own numeroot LtgitimtiU Of^^ring of 
Aat Unde. It would hare been mudi Ian loliirioaiv If 

it had pleated the Autlur to put forth tome of n^ 
Writing! under his nm juih, rodiei then bis ovra under 
miat .- He had been in that a more parckKwble Flagiaiy, 
and bad dona less wrong by Reiitry, then be does ^ 
tnch a Btmm^; Ux do body can be Jtatyud by tbe 
ImfutatiaH eren of another's Mtril ; and our own cotne 
CloatJui are like to become oi better, then ihoaa of 
another man's, though never so riek: but these, (o say 
the inilh, were >o b^garlj, that I my self wot ^t'-smnl 
to mtar them. It was in vain for me, that I avoided 
censure by the concealment of my own wtitlngl, if my 
'd be thus ExteuUd in SffgU/ and 
t It it for any good A'osH to be hi aafaty, If tbe 



m^tet of intOit h»a ito p<nn> lo mMMua and 

daaofkiama/aiagiotatAotmaaMBg. TUaiodrad 
«•■ K> m mad^ and bo nmhit, that I hope the Ciarm 
iDokoocffBct. SolhatlMecmmra^leM(«i4udloed 
fer ^ tlMU bjr that whldi hai bnn daoa lo dm «iii« 
•kDCMl In the uim kind, which is, the pablieatioa of 
Mme ddngi of miiie withoat my couoU or knowledgE; 
and IbMeMnuu^ed and imperfect, that I coald DdthB- 
with honor Kfakowledge, norwitb honesty quhe dbavov 
Aetn. Ofwbichia(t,wuaC«iiu4'caIladthe(>aarduii, 
piMed fa the rear 1630, but made and acted btfon llM 
Primct, In hla patnfB Ihtvoth C a Wr f ^pttowardi Kori, 
•t tha beginolng of the bla oiihaiip; War ; or rather 
nrithec mudt nor octarf, tot ratigMrtnui ondy, and 
t^taitd: far the hMtewat 10 (real, that Keonld neither 
be mind [d>ic ftrficUJ by the AmUur, dot Uarntd 
Mtf *0«l by dM Aelen, nor M forth hi any meamre 
Merafaly t? the Qftcm of the CWJigv: After the 
S tf t UMalali t m (wtildi, I toabm, wai somewhat of the 
CUki^ qbepiB to look It over, and tctt much, 
NriUnc OU some whole pans, •« that of the /"ou and 
tke SemUUri bat I han km the Ctfi- < 

d of, taking la the 
e of mj ace and imall aapeiience in hnmam coo- 
« It Is, It Is ondr tha 
la»j Jbit^Uimg of a PiOmrt. and thovfore like to 
I WW 111 ik I me aooordfai^. From this whldi hat bapned 
to 117 felf, I began to leflaM on tha fertone of ahnoat all 
WrUtn, and etpedal^ PoOt, wboae Warki (eoounoalj 
priaud after tbito de«tbi) we fiode Mofled oat, dther with 
'If. llke,^Zw tian^ pat tn to au in> the 
Idng to the nw ,■ or with nch, 
D Ctfm, tbqr woald hare called 
M of the Allay: whether 
Ika of thcfr Prit^di, who 
lUnfc ■ MM ktt^ of Stooas or RobUsh a better JAnuf 
mtmi, then a Httle Tami of ItariU, or br tbe onwoithr 
aiBika of lanke Slatieiun, who are oootent In ilWi'triih 
the latoe tf the Aulkor, so tbej mar encrcaae the prlee 
aftlieAaat.-andllke f^a/iunirithiapbiiticate mixtures, 
Voit the whole Tavd of wine, 10 make it ^idd more 
^w/U. Thiih«thheMitheeas<iwlth£Aa.l(j^Kir,'^JMc4«-, 
ysilisj— , and man; others ; part of whose Petmt I 
Aoold take the badness to prone and lop away, if the 
oan of repkatfav then in print did bilong to me : 
III ill II II woold I make anr acmple to cm off froas 

lH—**f. aadaiAUluusqa of little lydaa, 

7Mm iMflua f€r artm 

Major fj* fxigur npiaiai twfvrt virtm .- 
I am not tgnonnt, that bjp aajing this of olhai, I eipoM 
iqr idf to MniB Raniery. lor not using the sane severe 
ditccBtlon in m]' own cas^ where it cmoenu me twarar; 

Ba thoo^ I pobUah here, mm then b Mllol wisdool I 
ea|ht lo ha*e done, yet 1 ban s uma e st and cast away 
aMicethai I/«#a»i,- and fortlw ease of mr self and 
odMn, hare lea, I beUeie too. more than MM. And 
tipon thsae conJiitwatloiw I bave bam perawaded to 
ovaroome all the just rqiognaiioes of mjr own meiutf. 
and to prodnce tbeie Patm to the light and new of the 
Worid, not as a thing that I approred of in It self, but a« 
a lesser eril, which I du«e nUher tbcA to staj till it were 
done (or me t>r some body die, dther suir^xllioDsly 
before, or ■.Towedl; alter my death : and this will be 
the more emnuable, when the ^uAr ifaBll know in what 
respect* he may look upon me as a Dtai, or at least a 
Dfiag Ptnan, and upon my Mutt in this action, aa 
appearing, like the Brnpimr CkaHu lit F^ik, and 
taistimg at her own AoMroZ. 

For to make my self absolatdy dead in a PattUtt 
capaejty, my resotatlon at [present, ll nerer to exerdie 
any more that bcnliy. It is, I confoss, but •eldoni seen 
that the Pett dies before the Maui for iriMm we omo 
CsU in k>re with that bewttdiing Art, we do not use to 
court it as a Mittrtsi, fatit marry It aa a Wift. and take 
it lor botttr or wone, as an liufar^lt Ci>imfaiiit» of 
oar whole lilit. But as the Mariagu of Imfiutti do bnt 
niety proqMr, so no man oagfat to wonder at Iht 
diminution cr decay of my afisctlon to Pmim ,- to whidi 
I bad contracted my self so much under Agt, and so 
niaeh to my own prejudice in regard of those more 
profitable nutebes which I mlgfal hare made among the 
ricitr Seimett. As for the PorMM whidi this brings of 
Pamt, It is an £itati (if it be any, for men are not oftner 
deceired in their hopes of Wiiirms, than In thelt' opinloa 
of, Biigi wKiuimtntnm mrtftrtmUta) that hardly ever 
comes in whilst we are Living to enjoy h, bat is a 
^lUasticat kind of Rtvtnion ta our owa ulvti : neither 
ought any nun to emvy Petit this posthumous and 
imaginary happtnes, sfnce they find commonly so little 
hi preaenl, that it may be truly a^qilyed to them, which 
S. Paul speaks of the fim Ckriatiaiu, If Uuir rtmard 
it in Ods lift, 01^ an rfall mm lit most mitirailt. 

And if hi qniel and flourishing times they meet with 
to small encouiagement. what are they to expect in 
rough and tioiililed ones ? if ITi^benicha PlaiU, that 
it scarce recedvel heat enongh to preserre ll alive evea 
in the Summtr of our cold Cfymalt, bow can It choose 
but wither hi a lo^ and sharp mtttrt A watliko, 
various, and a tragical age is best to uriU of, but worst 
to writt u). And I may. Ihoogh In a very unequal 
propoitiofi, assume that to my self, which was spc^n 
by Tulfy to a much better person, upon occasion of Iba 
Civil Wan and Revohuion* in bis time, Std imU in- c^dtCt 
Amu, Bmlt, delte, nyiu is adoltsctmtiam ftr wttdiai Oralrr. 
tamdti fuaii juadrigii titkatttm tramititrta imearrit 
mistra faritma SiipaHita. 

Ndtber is the present nmstittidon of my iti«d more 
proper than that of the TViur for this exerdw, or tatber 
divertisemenL There is nothing that requires K> much 
taaallyandchearfulnessof £^'ri<; il must not be dihw 
orerwbelaied with the cares of £^<. or overcast with the 



Cl9mi» ef iltlaitekify ud Sarrvm. ot *mkm and dto- 
tmbad «4th the itilnni of injnriooi nrtmat; It mul 
Uks Ihe Haitj&a. hare /itr wtatHtr to breed In. TIm 
Saul mint be filled with brlgtil ud dillgfatftil /Aw'f. 

whteh h the naln eod of Pattii, One OMj tee (faroafta 
lb* drie of A«V ilt Tritl. the hnnblad ud d^ected 
condition of J>i'nV with whidi be wrote It ; thtre IGWM 
remnlm enr footMepi of that Gtmiua, 

Qmm ate /nil ira, mti igMtt, tit. 
Tbe erU of the Ctravtrj bed itnidien threngh all hli 
bcnltiei. and bentimned tbe ^aj /til of hii nnti. 
He If hbnseir, methlnk^ Hke one of the Slrriti of 
hit mm UttamtrfkeHt ; and thottgh there nm^n lome 
weak rtumUaiua ot OvU at Xrmi, It b bat at be taj* 
of /fiiOt. 

Owid. MHmm. 

Har. Smt. 1. 1 

Tbe trntb li. for a man (o write well, It 
b« Id good humor ; ndther li Wit lem edrpeFd with 
tbe anqoietnet* of Mind, then Btaul^ wllb Ihe Indit- 
ftriHim of Badj. So that 'ill almoM ai haid a thinf to 
be a Pail in deqilgtit of Fortaat, as U li In dexpight of 
Naittn. For Taj own part, neitber my ob1l|ptioni to 
tbe JAuH, riot expecfationt from them are to great, at 
that I dunld miler my telf on no conrideratiaDi to be 
Hvantd; or tlut I ihould lay Uke Haract, 
a Quh^ids trit vita, Smtam, faior. 

I ihall rather ate Ui wordi in another pUoi^ 
^ fixi CoMumii nt^tr idamaut, 

Bl mililari nam lim glarii. 
Kmu arma d^iaulJmfMt tillo 
BcrtitaH latporitt habtUt. 
And tbti reaohidM of mine doea the more befil me, be- 
omue mj iliahii ha* been lor tome yeara past (tboofh 
lb« execDtion baa been aceldentall)> diverted) uid doei 
Mil nlnmenllr ooDdnae, to retire my lelf to tome tt 
onr Amaican Planlatiaiu, not to tedi for Gald, or In- 
rich my telf with the tnffid of ihoK parts (whlcfa Is tbe 
end of moit men that tnvel thither ; ao that of litn 
/mUu It It truer than it wai of tlie fonner, 

/mfrtiia txtrtaui currit Mtrtalar ad ladat 

Patittritm fiigUmt ) 

But to Ibnake thU worid for era, with all tbe vatdHts 
and VixoHoia of II, and to bury my self In some obtcore 
retreat thse (bat not wlthoal the consolation ttl Lttta^ 

OMCMffw wiaontm. otUvitemdui &• illit. 
as my farmer Autiar speaks too, who has Intlced me 
bera, I know not how. Into the Ptdantry at thli heap of 
LaHn* StHltiuti. And t think Daelar Damtii Stm- 
Djtal ■'■ a grain li not mOC« I 

/W>y wo u ld be la thai w 

in a tm tenie a kind of Daulk to tbe tfmiai. and a teal 

lUtni tulMMg of tUa WaHd: So, melhinka, I amj 

make ft josl claim to tbe nndonlMd privUedfe cS D^ 

etatad /tilt, wfakfa is to be read with man/ammr, tlM* 


TaiM tH miflmrtim HU. P^irt. M 

Haring been forced fbr my own necewafyjir«iy«nWwi 
to trouble die Sadir with this kng DiBoone of tbt 
SioMU why I trouble him alto with all the r««t of lb* 
Baai, I dial] oudy add lomewbat ocncemiaf Ihe tevenl 
paru of It. and tome otlMr pieces, wbki I lun thoofbt 
fit to refect In thii pnblkatioo : At Bnt, aD tlioae wlikk 
I wrote at Scieol froa the age of tea yean, ttH aflv 
Slleea ; br even to br hackwnnl tbafe reniuii yM aom* 
Inaut of me in dw little Jbatil^ of a tUidt; wbich 
» tben tooked upon at ^mamfaUt cHM- 

10 be b 

thenrfen iboold do U t 
adtm. Beitdea. they liai« already pi 
Bdiliaiu, which It a loncer Li/i then Btea to be ^toyad 
by InfoMli that are bora before tbe ordimuT Unmt. 
lliey bad the good foitmie then to Bnd the irarid n 
tmdtdganl (for oooridertng the time of their prodactloB, 
who oonld be to hard-hearted to lie jnortf) that I 
tcana yet appre b eod to moch to be oent u red for Hum. 
at for not haTinf made advaaiat aftcnrardt ftOffOt- 
tlonabletotbe tpaedof myjMMV''>aod amobUpd 
too in a manner by Dttcrttioo to coDotal and ntpfctM 
ibem, as Abh^iu and VbMHhwbA mdtr nqr own band, 
wbereliy I ta>iAt»ga^toi uMwe than I have beoi abb 
to fitfarm: hi whidi indy. If I Imtb hOed, 1 ban Oa 
real asnue of the «««a«af ton of Acalrtt^, wfaitk li. 
to ban been made ritwAaMr, iMionutclibTlbcirowB 
n^^fOwt and JM-kuitamdry, at by ■ 

^ reaching at far at tht 

fertacct that canted tbei 
BaakiaflMi Civil Ifor u 

fint BatU at NtiatiBj. wbece tbe raooeedbg mi^ar- 
Imus of die farlf Mopt tlie weri / tar it it to n^ 
cutlomary, at to become ahnoet ridiaibia, to nmba 
Lamrwl tot the Camfiund. Now tboogfa to bO Chdl 
DiutmHaiu, when they break into vpaa h<Mtliirtti, dm 
War of tbe /Va it allowed I 

Hamd, to tarn and aB 

Wia Of Gad I 
detBmioed the o 
mltted to the condlliolit of tbe Cmqmror, we nntt hqr 
down our Paa at well at Arms, we matt marei out of 
oar Caiut IttelT, and ditmanili that, at wdl at onr Tawm 
and Caj«Cu, of all the Ifanti and AW^fcnfinu of WU 

and StoMit by «1ddi we dcfcnded IL Wi ougfat aoc 



than liiiMB Kad MdOD* br whMi we faava raorivad a 
Gtmtral AmatOU, u ^fisor baa iIm f^ic*^. Tba 
Bwh It, Mltber lf« >ar 1*^, o(«bt bf the Repte- 
Mntttlaaof/>j;aMfuid /khvu ta Bake a kind oT^rM- 
jCcm/ ittmerj ol (bow aiii|i wbcnlii we arc all bound 
tDde*e, like Tttmiifebi, ^m Art ol OiOvita. Tb« 
■mddea of Aa!En>-CVMuiu Aoold be, Uke that of ^Acvi, 
1l>e«(d£H)(rnihnaoftlMfc^aui4>. TheNanMiof/'arO', 
and TViXu of DMiiam, wfikh are aooiMlmca In dbct 
the wliole qnand, (hoald be exdncnUied aod hxblddBn 
tapcMetrndar the notion of <ft«i of /fivMM*. And I 
wonld bam k acoooued no laa* onlawfal forif uf tid 
wmmdi, (bentOfnwiMa'afwt/ whii± has made me not 
dadf abal^B from |>lDtiBg anf thing of thii kinde, bol 
10 bom the Ter; ooptes, and Inflict a •eroer pnnlibnwDt 
m them nqndf, thn pcriMqa the moct rigid OAoer of 
SiMi woalA hare tbooght tbat Ibcjr deaemd. 

Ai lor the ouolng Book, it conilM* of bar parti : 
The am. li a UiittUaMU of maBl Sab}eeti, and ■oma 
of tkem made irim I wa* tot Tomv, wfaicti It la 
periMpa m ftrf h ieiu to td the Rt*i»ri I know not b; 
w4iat dkMMC I ban kept Ct^ of ikeni ; Ust they an 
botaTttr fewineomparlaoaof diOM which I haTOloR, 
and I dliok Iber t^^ no e a traordlnary *lrtiie in them, 
to dcKTve mote cue In fuu l a tton. thai wai bettowed 
apon tbeir Bnlk rtm ; for whldi I ain to Uttle aoacemad, 
that I am aihamod of the omfnaig' of the wenf, when 
I Hid I had bat tktm. 

Tb/tSteomd, it caLed, Tkt ifittrtis, or Loet-Vtrui; 
Ibr to It U, that PmIj are tcarce ibooght Prt wot of 
Uwfr Cmi^i^, without pa^tng wme duties, and obllg- 
Ing tbnineliet to be tme to Z,mk. Soodo- or later they 
mutt all paM thRMigfa that Tryal, Hka lome Mahwmttau 
Maakt, that ate boond bj their Ords, ones at lean In 
ttMfa- Ufe, to make a Pilgrimagt to Mmo. 

Infiiriiu igmimfm* rmnl; Amar eaoilhu idnt. 

Bat we mnit not alwafi make a judgment of their ata*- 
mtn from (betr taittngt of thli kind ; as the Semaiiiilt 
imcliarjtablj do of Baa, tor a few latdvlous Smiuti 
oomposed by him In his jrooth. It Is not In this sense 
that Potiit is Mid to be a kind of Paimtiiif.- It fa not the 
Piehm of the Pott, bat of tkingi and ftneiu imaglDed 
by him. He may be h) hli own pnclice and disposition 
a Ptibtefi^, nay a Staiet, aad yet speak aometimei 
with the loftiwtt of an amcrooi Saffha, 

FtrtI tt mha atptr Amomum, 
He profeaiet too mnch the nse of Failti (tboogfa w9th- 
ooi the malke of deodTfng) to have bis testimony taken 
enn agalnM hhnsdf. NeHher would I here be ml*- 
nndemood, as If I afitoed so much gravity, as to be 
•dMuned to be Ihooght leaHy in Lmi*. On the contrary, 
I caaoot bate a good optnlon of any man who (t not at 
least capable of beiic to. BntlqieakllloeicnBeKNne 
axprasakm (UiDch there be) which may happen to oftod 
rtnianri^af tupvdUoDt J?Mdlir>/ for much Amu It 
U) be allowed fn LtM, aod aren uota in Pa^rj; to wa 

avoM the two nnpaidonabte Vloea in both, wbidi are 
Oitcmi^ and Pnfhanamu, of which I am tore, if my 
words be a*er gtiilty, they hare ill r ep r am t e d my 
ihngta and i nU n t ii u . And if, notwlthManding aQ 
thit. the Ughlnem of the matter hcM displease any body, 
he may flnde wherewithal! to content hit urate loiaat 
Incliaatioiu in the weight and height of the mining 

For as for the /■uuEaru^ (Mu (wUdi is the third pan) 
I am In great doobt whether Ibey wlU be undarHood by 
mott RtaJtni nay, enn by Toy many who are wdl 
enoogh acquainted with the commco Roads, and 
ordhury Trndu of Avne tbey eitber are, or at least 
woe meant to be, of that kinde of SHU which Dtat. 
HaUearmatttmi calls llr>«Xo^«e#t aX ^ ficr& 
htwbnirta, and whidi be atMbulet to Alami ,- Tbs 
dIgnsMiout are many, and sadden, and somelimet long, 
aocordfaig to the EUUca of all Ljriqtat, and of Pindar 
above all men llfing. The Pigurti are unusniU and 
Md, enn to T t mtr iti i, and such as I dnrst not haie to 
do withal In any other kind of /tefty.' Tbc Nymtan 
are Tariaot aad lnegiilar, and lometlmea (etpedally 
some of the long one*) leem barab and nncoutb, if the 
Just meatares and cadeiusles be not obsared In the 
Promiuiatiem. So that almost all their Sieubuii and 
N-umnvtUf (which is to be found, if I mistake not, la 
the loogbest, if rightly repealed) Uea in a manner wbdly 
at the Mtny of the Seadtr. I have briefly described 
the nature of these Verset, In the OA entltuled, T%a 
SatmeHoK : And though the ZJttrt^ of them may 
Incline a man to bellere them eetie to b 
the undertake! will flnde it otherwise. 

I come DOW to tbe hit Part, which Is Danidtit, at an 
Havitat Patm of the Tnmila oS David: which I de- 
tlgned into Twtlv Baaii; not for the Tritm' Mke, but 
after the PaUm at our Masta- yirgif; and Intended to 
dose aD with that most Poetical and eKclhot 2J;^ of 
DaiMt OB the dcuh of Saul and jMaUtOK .■ For 1 had 
no mind to cany him qnlte on to his AmttiUiiig at 
HthvH. became It It the costom of Hanidt Pmh (as 
we see by the example* «f/faiwr and Kwjpi/, whom wa 
sboold do D to forsake to imitate others) Dcrer to cotne 
to the ftiH end of tbeir Simy; but only so near, tlMtt 
every one may see It ; ai men conmuoly play not out 
the game, when it Is evident that they can win It, but 
lay down their Cards, and take up what they have won. 
TUs, I say, was the nkelt Dtsifiu, in whldi there an 
many noble and fcttUe Aignments bddnde; at. The 
barbarous tzndly of Saul to the PrUUj at Xat, the 
several flints and eaapea of David, with the maner of 
Us Hvlng in the WlUimai. tbe Fnoernl of Samual, 
the iove of AHgal, the Mddng of Ziglag, the loss and 
recoveiy of Dmid't "Vliim from the AmaUkUti, tba 
WHtk of Smdar. the Wai with the PUUMmi. and Iba 




BMtal of GiOaa ; all itbkh I wwt (o inlanman opaa 
WTwal ODoMoni, with dkm of tlu Olattiloui SIvritt of 
lbs Oitf Ttstamtmt, iA to •mbelUih with the moil »■ 
■Mu-kablB AmtifuMv of tha 7<w. and of oOht NmIom 
hcfon or u that Agt. Bbi I hsia (Ml odtbtr Lmmrt 
Utbeclo, DSC have AfpttiU at pwa»l to bUi Iha varii, 
ot lo MD^ ai M reriaa thai pan wbteb ii dona, with that 
can which t molTed to bcatow tipoe it, and which tha 
Diptity of the Matttr well deunea. For what worthier 
imtJKt ocnld han been cboaeaanMoc all the Trmmriis 
of pa«t lime*, then the Lift of thli ronng Printt ; who 

taeh mirac^otu riituei and eieel- 
Ji liKOinFaiableTaikljaf woaderfnl 
aedaai and MoJdMit*, became the graateat J/iNHnt that 
aver tat on tha moat /«WK> Throne of the whcda Earth r 
Whom riuuld a Pttt mora joMlj Meh 10 iam^, tbcm 
the hifbert penoa who «Tei kamtrtd hia I^^eaidoii? 
whom a Clfiitua PiM, laiha than the atan ^ttr Gtd't 
gmm JUart, sod the nun who had that aacred pra- 
"'»—"» above all other Friaeti, to be the beM and 
nuglitien <rf that Rajtl lUoe tnm wheooe Ctntf hlm- 
aelf, ancordlBf to the flaah, dladalnad not to denend? 
V/heo I coosider thU, and bow amy othtr btl^ and 
napii&ml lul^ecu of the like ikatun, the Hafy S<rip- 
/Kn aSocdi and ^n^ftrr, SI It wera, to /'ktu. In the win 
manaxbij; and illuMiatIng whereof, the Ghry o( God 
Almi^Of mighl be Jorned with the ahiffiilar ntlUir and 
noblen ^h^t of ManHnit; It li not wllhont ^M 
It 1 bebold Ibat Diuiiii Stiaiet as- 

■aaliA Wamm.tx 
the wretched affectatloD of acucril LaugMUr, or at beat 
on the confilMd anllquaud Dnami of tenseleaa Faila 
and Milamerphaia. Amongst all holy and cooiecrated 
Iblnf) which the Dtvil ever note aod allenMed from 
the HTvlce of the Diity ; *M Allan. TtmfUt. Sacrifias, 
Praya-t, and the like ; Ihcra la none that be ao unlver- 
nlljp, and to long nsuipt. ai Pattty. It ii tine (a 
ftoover it out of the Tyranfi handi, and to reatore it to 
aieX$m£ibm of Gad, who ii the PttJktrotlt. It li time 
toB^Hu it in Jordan, for It wiH never baoome clean 
bj bathinc in the Waitn of Dammiou. Titcf wanta, 
axtUnki, bat the Cmunraon at Tiat, and ibe 7<ncv, 
for the aocompUibnent of the Kiagdawt ^ Ckrut. And 
a* men befoie their receiving of the Faith, do not with- 
out lonia camal relactancica, appr^cnd the baudi and 
ftiUn of it, bat finde it afterwards to be the trueit and 
finmitA LUtrty : It will fare no otherwiie with thia^rf, 
after the Sigintraticit of it : it will meet with wonderful 
vadetj of new, more beautiful, and more delightfol 
Oijictti neither will It want A>K»w, by being amfintd lo 
Htavat. Thereisnot togreataZ-T* tobefoiuut Inoay 
Po4t, aa the vulgar conceit of men, that Lyiitg !i £ssra- 
tial to good Poetry, Were there never m wholesome 
Nourithmtitt to be bad (but alas, it breeds noihiiw but 
Diteaui) out of these boaaled Ftailial Lout and Faila t 
yet. methtnta. lbs unaltoabla eootinuance of the Ditt 

For It laal 

la«anaiipa»r"«MiM(*of thatUnd. TbeyanaUbM 
the CaU-mmti of iba A^icimtt, mtm ^ tm a i t and n«w 
aal focth. I d» MM at all wowtar tbM Iha oM /Mr 
Bade soma ilah a«f« o«M of Iheae graotid* ; tbabMrt 
•llbafftV wna aM-tfaM wronghl «at wMk OMtiDaal 
TtUagii Bw wbU cm w« ««pael now, lAo oMM ■ 
CUamitig, am after Aa bat Hm^m, bat after the *«qr 
Btgtant Bevdev thot^hlhoMBadMortaatf thaCMk 
and Htrvu, aeem Id il>cmaehe« ao ridkoloo* ; yet tbey 
were then the «M<A>«r lor rather CiMt) of tha Tim- 
logi* of thoaa time*, lliey war* bsUaaed byall bnt a 
few Pkiloaplttn, Md pertMpa imm Alidits, aiMl 
(ccved to good ptnpoae aaMMig the vulgar, (aa pitUal 
thing! as they are) ia iti eatUwnJug' tha anthortqr of Lum 
with tiie teiTota of Cmieimttt. and a»p«naitoa of canalm 
rewards, and nnaraldafale poaishmsota. Thwe was no 
other Rtligiam, taA IhaeCora IMat was batter than jsmm 
«I*U. But to oa «ba have ao aeed of them, tons who 
d«lde thdr/>><4'. wd •!« wearM with thdr JM^erAisn- 
titt, they angfal to appeal no better argnniMta for VwM, 
then thoae of their worthy SKtatun, ibn ICmigtii 
Brrami. What can we Imagine more proper for the 
Oraamentiof lfii/arX.sarna|rintbeSioi7 0fZ)aica/iaa, 
than in that of Nook t wby will not the actions of £■••- 
MK aflord aa pkntKul roattar aa the £afen of //imw/M f 
why i* not JtfOia'i dat^kfr u good a mom a * a* ffU- 
iMu r and (be friendaUp of Z>>»M and /Ma/tM mon 
worthy c«l«br«ti(Mi, thai that of T^tssfKi aiul /'e^MMuf 
DoM not the [lawaiia af Mottt and tha /aut/ilu into 
the Holy LoMd, yield bKomparably more Poalica] 
VBikty, tbeo the voyages of yiyuu or ^Mwf At* 
tha obKdete thnvl-bara talei of Tiiiu and Tny. half 
sa stored with great, barofca] aad nqisnaluial action* 
(iiiKe Fffir« vUl naads^K^ or laaAr aodi) aa tbe wars of 
loikaa, of Ibe Judgtt, of Damd, and divais others i 
Can an the Traivfiirmatvna of the .Godt, give sndi 
ooiHoas bints to flonrWi and eipalUte on, as the (me 
itiraclu of Ciiiit, or of hi* Pr^kas, and ApattUi t 
what do I iiutance in these few Partictilais ? All the 
Boeit of the BiiU are dther already moat ndminhle, 
and exAlled pieces of Potiii, or are the beat Mattriali 
in the world for ii. Yet, though they be in themselvet' 
■o proper to be made use of for this purpose ; None bat 
a good Arliil will know how la do it : ncilher must we 
think to cut and polish Diameadt with so little pains 
and skill as we do ifarUt. For If any man design 
to oompose a Saind Potm, by onely turning a story of 
the Serif Inn, like Mr. Qmtria't, or some other godly 
matter, like Mr. Htywood <f AngUt, into je,^|>aB« ,- H* 
is so far from elevatini; of PitiU, that he onely ^ata 
Divini^, In brief, be who can write a pr^/uuu Potm 
latU, may write a Divimi out iitUr,- but he who can do 
that but Hi, will do thii mnch wcne. The sana &!• 
tility of JKUMtha, the same wiaijoca of Di^wiiiait, the 
same ladgnunt in observance of DtitatUi, the aaat 
hum and vigour aSS/xition; the same modesty and 
la^ic*tyof jVsss^: briefly the same kinda of /foh'/, U 
roquired to both ; mly thii latter aUow* better ittf. 



ladlr. ifiUdMtt 
fa h. I SB fciM fnm Miwwii^ la n^ kU u> bafc (nt 
CUad tbe dn^ of lliii wcicbtjr i^^Wfkiiy : But sara I 
•m, ibM then ii aatbins jct in oar Laigtagt (txn' pcr- 
iMfH in aa^l that ii is mDj degrea uuwsvble to Ibe 
VAa that I cooceln of it. And I ibatl be unblliooi of. 
no other fruit from llUl weak and imperfect attempt oT 
■nine, bat tbe opeains of a. waj to ibe courage atid 
indiutiyofBoina other penoni, wbo maf be belter able 
•0 pEffom it (bnnifaly wtd ■dceeuftiHy. 

V It ia to bo noted that 'Paradise 
Lost' appeared within thirteen yeafs (1669) 
of this exaltation of sacred poetry. Cuiious 
that Cowley should have left Cnshaw and 
Herbert un^iamcd Quariea and Heywood 
merited more generous praise. Secourcollec- 
tire edition of Quatles (3 vols. 4°) in this seriea 
of the Chertsey Worthies' Litwiuy. 

D.— Sprat's Vindication of Cowley's Loyalty, 
Dr. Jobhsom's Earliix Ckiticish or Cowley's RETiRKUSia', 

Pout on thi Civil Wax. See pa^ xvii/s. 

•Thli certkinlr. Sic, li abondantly nlfident to 
jBUliy bit Loyalty to all the Woild ; thoitgta tome 
ha*e ettdeatoured to bring it in qoeation, upon occa- 
don of a fcw lines indiePrefaM tooneof hii Books. 
The ol^ection I must not pass by in xOence, because 
it warn the only pait of Ms life, tliat wai liable to 
iiii&-ititerpreta,tion, even by the confession of those 
that envied his Fame. In llus case perhaps it were 
emogh to alledge for him, to men of modeiate tnindj 
dttt what he diere said was published before a Book 
of Poetry, and to ought rather to be esteemed as a 
Problem of hii Fancy and InTeotiori, than as the 
teal Image of his Judgment Bat his defence in 
this matter may be laid on a surer foundation. This 
is die true reason that is to be given of his delivering 
that ojnnion. Upon his coming over he found the 
(tace of the Roj^ Party very d<q>erat& He per- 
ceited tbe strength of their Enemies so united, that 
tSn tt should b^;in to brealt within it sel^ all endea- 
vours against it were like to prove unsaccesafuL On 
the otha nde he beheld their zeal for his Majestic's 
Canse to be still so active, that it often hurried tbem 
into inevitable mine. He saw this with much grief. 
And though he approv'd their constancy, as modi as 
any man living, yet he found their unseasonable 
■hewing it, did only disable themselves, and give 
their Adversaries great advantages of riches and 
itiei^ by their defeats. He therefore believed that 
it would be a meritorious service to the King, if any 
man who was known to have followed his interest, 
oould in^nate into tbe Uiurpen* minds, that men (^ 
his Prind^ea were now willing to be quiet, and 
conld peiswade the poor oppressed Royalists to con- 
oeal their aflecHons, for better occasions. And as 
for Us own particidar, he was a close Prisoner, when 
be writ that against which the exception is made ; so 
that he saw It wa* is^ocrible for him to ponve the 

ends for which be came bhher, If he did not make 
some kind of declaration of his peaceable intoitions^ 
This was then bis opinion. And the success of things 
seems to prove, that it was not very iH grounded. 
For certainly it was one of the greatest helps to the 
King's ASaiii, about tbe latter end of that Tyranny, 
that many of his best Frieitds ditsemlded. thdr 
Counsels, and acted tbe same Designs, nnder the 
Di^niscs and Names of other Parties; 

'This, Sir, 70a canteslifie to have been the hi- 
nocent occasion of these words, on which so modi 
clamoor was rais'd. Yet seeing his good tntentloii* 
were so 111 titlerpieted, he told me, the last time that 
ever I saw him, that he would have them omitted In 
the next Imprecrion : of which his Friend Mr. C«ek 
is a witnes. However, if we sbotild take them in 
the worst sense, of which they are capable : yet me- 
thinks for his muutaining one false Tenent tn the 
Political Philosophy, he made a sufficient atonement 
by a continnal service of twenty yean, by the per- 
petual Loyalty of his discourse, and by many of his 
other Writings, wherein he hat Ur^y defended, 
■nd adoned the Royal Cause. And to speak of him 
not as our Friend, but according to the common 
Lam of Homanity t certainly that life most needs be 
very nnblamable, wUch had been tried in bndnesi 
of ihe highest consequence, and practis'd in the 
hazardous secrets of Courts and Cabinets ; and yet 
there can nothing disgracelhl be prodo^d against I^ 
bat only the errour of one Pangiaph, and a sinfde 

Now comes Dr. Johnson's earlier and 
follei statement on Cowley's wished-fbt 
Fetnement—jifr ar true, but not tender 
enough, in die knoiriedge that from his yonth 
he had yeamed for the country : — 

Digitized byGoOt^lc 


' TbMe wfl ecttou anae in bj mind npOD the re* 
meadmuue of a pMOkge in CowIct'i p^ra to hit 
poems, where, lioireTeT esaltcd bj K<Bhu, and ea- 
laiged bj itndf , lie Inlbrnii u of ■ Kheme of bapfd- 
neu to vhidi the imagination of a girl upon the Ion 
of bet fint lorer, coold have Kwcd]> giren mj ; bat 
which he nemi to have indnlgad, till he had lotallj 
fcvpitten it) afamrditj, and woold probably have pot 
tn eucntion, bad he been hiadeted only by hit 

■"Mjdeaire," tajt he, "hai been for tone jtut 
pait, though the exectUlon hu been acddentallj 
diverted, and doei Mill reh^entlj continn^ to re- 
tire nqndf to lome of onr American pUntatiant, not 
to tA for gold, or enrich mjidf wiUt the tnffiek of 
Aow part*, which i* the end of moat men that travel 
thither ; bnt to fbnahe tUt wotid for ever, with all 
the vanitiei and vexaliooi of it, tad to buy myidf 
there in tome obecnre retreat, bnt not withoot the 
contolatioa of letten and philoaopbjr." 

' Such «Bi the rhimmral proTtaioa wbidi Cowlejr 
had made, in hit own mind, for the ((nlet of hii le- 
maining life, and which be aeem* to reoommeod to 
poaterity, lince there i« no other reaton for diiclosng 
it. Snielj no itronger initiuice cu be given of a 
persoaiion that content wai the inhabitant of par- 
ticnlar regi<ma, and that a man mi^t let aaQ with a 
flir wiiidi and leave bdiind him all hii cartii incom* 
tnancei, and calamitiet, 

' If he travelled m fiv with no other porpoie than 
to iioji AtHutif m jewu ciuun rttnat, he might have 
found, in bit own conntcy, innumerable covent nf- 
fidentl; dark to have concealed the genial of Cowley ) 
for iriiatever m^it be hit opinion of the importBnity 
with which he ihonld be nmunoned bade into pnb> 
lick life, a abort experience would have oonvinced 
him, that privatioD it eaaier t^*" aofiuiaition, and 
that it would reqmre little contlnnance to &ee him- 
•df from the intniicn of the woikL There it iM'ide 
aoa^ in the homaa heart to prevent nmch desire 

be ne^ected, however hii reputation for tcience or 
Tirtne may ezdte oar cnrioaity or etteem, k> that the 
lover of rtturement needi not be afraid lett the te- 
■pect of itrangert thould overwhelm him with vinti. 
Even thoie to vdiom he hat formerly been knowi^ 
will very patiently mpport hit absence vriien they 
have tried a little to live withont him, and fonnd new 
divcniont for thoie mtnnentt which hit company 
contribated to exhilarate. 

'Itwai, perbapc, ordained by Providence, to hinder 
w &Dm tytanniting over one another, that no indivi- 
dnal ihonld be of inch importance, at to caste, by 
his retirement or death, any chasm in the world. 
And Cowley had CMivcrted to Uttle porpote with 

mmlrii H. if be bad n 
oiefnl Mead, the gay oompankn, and the &v<m«d 
lover, wbai onee they are luiwiud from brfote the 
H^t, give way to the nccestion of new ol^ecta, 

' The privacy, Aerefore, of his hermitage might 
have been taSt cnongb &om noladon, though he had 
chosen it within the limits of hit native island ; be 
mi^ have fonnd here preservatives against the njw- 
tia tad vacatiatu trf the world, not lets '■^'TM'^o^it 
than those which the woods or field* of Americn 
coald aflbrd him : bat having oitoe hit miod im- 
bittered with ditgnaU he conoemd it impoadUe tn 
be ttt enovgh from the cante ^f bis iini aiimw : and 
wa* posting: *wny with the eipeditioa of a coward, 
wfaoforwant of ventariiytolook bdilnd hin, thinta 
the enemy perpetoally at hit beelk 

'Whenhewisintetmpted bycempany, or&tigned 
with botinets, he so strongly imaged to htmtelf the 
hap^ncM of leitnre and retreat, that he determined 
to enjoy them for the future without iotemptiou, 
and to exclude for eva all that could deprive him 
of his dariing tatisbctiont. He forgot, in the 
vehemence of desire, that aolitude and quiet owe 
their pleatniet to tbote miteriet, which he wat to 
ttodions to obviate ; for such are the ncittitodes of 
the world, through all its parts, that day and night, 
labcnr and rest, hurry and retirement, endear each 
other : tad are the change* that keep the mind in 
action ; we desire, we pursue, we obtain, we are 
satiated : we desire something else, and begin a new 

'If he had proceeded in hit project, and fixed hit 
hatutatfon in the mott deti^tfol part of the new 
world, it may be doubted, whether hit ditlance from 
the tmnitUi of life would have enabled him to keep 
away the vtxatum. It is common for a man who 
feels pain, to fancy that he could bear it better in 
any Mher part Cowley having known the troublei 
and perplexitiei of a particular condition, readily 
pertoaded himself that nothing worse wat to be 
found, and that every alteratioa would iKing some 
improvement; be never mtpected that the cause of 
hit unhappineai wat vrithin, that hit own pasaioot 
were not nffidently regulated, and that he was bar- 
UHed by hit own impatience, which could never be 
vrithont something to awaken it, would accompany 
him over the sea, and find it* way to hit American 
Elyuum. He would, upon the trial, have been soon 
convinced, that the fountain of content must q>ring 
up in the mind ; and that he, who bat so little know- 
ledge of humsn nature, as to seek happineti by 
changing any thing bnt his own dispositions, will 
waste his life in fiuitleas efforts, and multiply the 
■ griefe iriucb he purposes to renwve' ('The RunUav' 
No. 6). 



I xdd here die somewfaat doubtful poem 
on ' The Civil War,' assigned to Cowley by 
no lets than Diyden. I derive my text from 
his wdl'^own Collection, of which the fol- 
lowing is the title-page :— 


Miscellany Poems. 

ContJuniDg Variety of New 




Together with Several 


Bf tin Matt £mmMt HmJt. 
Pnbliili'd b7 IP. DRYDEN. 

Fitiuad toe Jacob Tohson & 

Htad orer-axalnBt KatkB-int^trtU In 
the Stramd. mdcczvi. 

A sepuite tide-page is prefixed thus j— 




Began in the Year 164.I. 


Not printed in any Editimt of Hi* WoiH 


Mnud In ttw You- HTCacvi. 





a»d Uimg iitfrrmut Ikai il wai a Pita <f ttt 
/mtamfanMt Ifr. Abrahun Cowkr*!, / tiamU it 
MHJHtl tt laid met a Tnuait from tki World. I 
raumitr'd Oat mr Auiier, in Ids Pr^att ta Hi 
Woik*,iMbf mmStm of nmt Fwnu, wrtAm ^Um 
M 0> lua CMl War, < Mtw* A, filbwit^ it h- 
qMtHmatlftan. InHtmtaimfitftctemdiinfiniik'd 
Plecei, jws Bi/f iijmm-atkaitiofugnaia MasUr. 
And {'Kkalrotr tu em Mtdti^ might kavi advistdta 
Ou comtraty) llun it net eiu eanlttt Sinit a/ tit hit 
mltttt litmtd i* /Ufi Satnd to ail Pnliritr. Hi timU 
Writ* mttldag Hmtmatnat wtrl* lii fntoving, Mmg 
kaUaaay a Poet, and a/maft Insptr'^ f» tMi »e«e 
tIktJadieiMa Rtedtr will find l*t Thra ^ lit VtrM to 
tttii; au lam* Cvfiaiu and Hvtlf /magny ^ FaXKj ; 
tktitau V/KmtbefFaM^oaimdlMieaej'iifVfilliat 
ifatiUj im uil Jtii V/ibiagi. And artainlii ne Latmn 
ef a Q«nfau j» Ilitk in it it^, and to entttvaltd mlk 
Learning oa^ Mumen, MX /rww oti MHM&MM PreMUt 





WHAT Rage doei Bngbind tnta. H setT divide, 
More than the Sou from all the World bedde I 
From every jan the roaring Cumons play, 
Fnxn evoy pan Blood roan a* load ai they. 
I What Snglisk Gronnd bnt itlll lome Moliture bears, \ 
or Yoting Men'i Blood, and more of Mother*' T«an t 1 
What Aln nnthlcken'd with the Sigbs of WEvei, j 

Tho' more of Mdds for thdi dear LoTers' Livei. [ 

Alal, what Triumphs can this Victory shew, | 

HMt dies ns Red in Blood and Blushes too t 
K<m can we wish that Conquest, which beAowt 
Cnnss, not Bays, upon the Couquerlng Brows ? 
It WM not ao, irtien Htnrys dreadfol Name, '' 

Not Sword, noe Cause, whole Nations o' 
To bttban WeM did hti iwifl Conquests n 
Nor did bli Qtotj let but wllh the Snn. 



In vain did Radtrit to hli Hold retreat. 
In fain had wrelcbed Irtland call'd him Qraat. 
Inland I which now nwu bMdj we b«fia 
To labour more to Loae than be to Win. 
It wai not lo, when In the happjr Eait, 
RUkardvat Man, Cmki'i Iile poueH. 
'Galnn (he proud Uooo, he the SugHtk Crou dUplaj'd, 
BcUpa'd one Horn, and th' other paler made. 
Wbaa our dear LIvm «• vmtw'd bntrriy ihMv, 
And dJts'd our owd, to fabi ChrlM'i S^mkhia. 
That Sacrad Tomb wbkh ibookl m now eq)or. 
We ibould with u much Zeal flghl to deatroy. 
The pCMtoos Slcuof our dead Lord we Koin, 
And ne his Cron wotM than hb Bodf torn. 
We hate it now both for the Orii and fm. 
To ui 'til Fooliihoew and Scandal loa 
To what wkh Worship th« tand Pafiiit Ul*, 
That the fond Zealot a cun'd Idol calli. 
ll So 'twiit their double Madneu. here 'i the odds, a 
{fi One makes talie Derils. t' other makes Uixt gods^ 
' It was not to, wbeo Sdvard prav'd hla Caose, 
Bf a Sword stronger than (he SoHgtu Law*, 
Tho' feich'd fram fktrammd, wb« tfaa Pttme* did 

With Women's Hearts acalnst the Woman's Right ; 
Tb' afflicted Ocean his iiist Conquest bore, 
And drove Red Waves (o the lad Gallifm Shore. 
As if he 'd ansry with tlial Element been, 
Whldi his wide Sool booad with an Island to. 
Where s now that Spirit with which at Cmjy we 
And PmctUn, forc'd from Fate a Victorr ? 
Two Hugs at once we brought sad Captit-es Hone 
A Triumph scarcdj known to ancient Ramt; 
Two Foreign Kings : But now, alas, we strive. 
Oar own, our own good Sororalga to C^tire I 

It was not so, when Agimeotirt was won ; 
Under great Htnry serr'd the Rain and Sun : 
A Nobler Fight the Sun himself ne'er linew. 
Nor when be slopp'd his Course a Fight to view I 
Then t>eath's old Archn did more skilful grow, 
And leun'd to shoot more sore from th' Englisk Bow ; 
Then Pratw* was her own Story sadly taught. 
And fdt how Ctttar aad bow Rdtpard fought. 
It was IKM so. when that vast Fleet of SfaiM 
Lay torn and scatto'd on the BngHik Main ; 
Thtoogh the pioud World, a. Virgin, Tenor stniA, 
TbeAtatrian Crownaaud A'Douiserea Hills she shook ; 
To her gnat Ntplmiu Hooiag'd all bis Streanis, 
And an the widB^tietch'd Ocean was her Thama. 
Thus our Fors-Fathvs fought, thus bravclr bled. 
Thus still they lire, while we alive ate dead : 
Such Acts th^ did, that Smu and Caar too, 
Mi^t envy those, whom once they did subdue. 
re not thdr Off-spring, sure our Heralds lie, 


Their Precious Qood we coold not venture thos : 
Some Cadmut sore sow'd Svfait/ Teeth toi til ; 
We coutd not else by mutual Fuiy EtU, 
Whilst RkiH* and Stjuaii for our Annln eall : 

Chost War er Phkc^ jm b«*« a nhMe. yoa Hmmt, 
As fit lor both, aa both are fit fcr yoa. 
Furkms a* UghtBh^ wheo War's Tempest came. 
Bat C^m in haoe, f*!^ as a I^mbeAt FlaiM^ 

Have yon fotfoi Itoss haffT Yian of kM 
That saw Doagtt m. but OS thai wsn lafMte ? 
Such Yean, as if Earth's Yotith retum'd bad been. 
And that old SerpMt TirsM bad cast bit SUa : 
At Olottowlr, aod Ocatty did lii^ nmr^ 
As the bright Son that u wa tui e a Ibesn above : 
Tbea oaly tn Boofa tb« Lewn'd otold Mliwy ne. 
And tlie Unleain'd ne'v baard of Uiicty. 
tLea tappy /iMss) with at 4*9 QolM Relgn'd, 
At hi hit Heav'nly Tbraoe, by Death be gata'd. 

He left us CljrZu, the Pledge of fa 
CkaHti, nadcr wboBi, with undi ado, no leas 
Than liiteen Yean, w« endur'd our Happtiwai 
Tin in a Homoit la the /ftr» we find, 
A Tempest conjur'd up wllhoat ■ VHnd. 
As soon the Narik her Kindnesa did Repent, 
First the [^ace-Maker, and next War she tent : 
Just Tmttd, thai wnr had with tatg Pnat fa^oi 
On which side dwelt the Snglisk. whkb the Seat; 
Saw gUtttttDj Armt tbtne ladly no bti FMc; 
Whilst aU th' alrifhlad Fl* sank down a^oe. 
No Blood did then boa this daik Qoaiiel grow. 
It gave bhint Wonodl, that bled not Out till now I 
For /vte, who might have ns'd his lliundcrlng Power, 
Cbose to fall calmly bi a Golden Shower I 
A way he found to CoDqaer, which by none 

So strangely Prodigal of late we are. 
We there buy Peace, and bete at Home boy War. 
How ooold a War ao sad and barh'roDa plrasr. 
Bat Bnt by sbnd'ring Ibote lileat Da;! of Peue t 
Tbrongh iH the Bxcnments of State Oey pry. 
Like Em'prit^ to find out a Malady ; 
Aod tbeo, with deip'rate Boldness, they endeavour . 
Tb' Ague to cure, by bringing in a Feaver : 
The way is sure to eipd tome III no doubt ; 
The Plague, we know, ditvea all Oteaiet oat. 
What strange wild Fears did ev'ry Homing breed. 
Till a strange Faikcy made tB sii^ indeed I 
And Cowardise did Valour's place supply, 
Like those that kiU ibtfnsdvea for far to die I 
What frantick Diligence in (bsM Men appean. 
That ftar aU ins, and act o'v all their Fean ? 
Thus into W« we tear'd onr itivet ; aad <rtw 
But AaraCt Soni^ Aat tiM Bnt Tntmpct blew? 
Food UenI who knew not that they weraukeep 
For God, and not bx SactiSca, Ibdr Kieep. 
The Churches first this MnrdVoos Doctrtee sew. 
Aim] learn to KIU at vdi as Btay now. 
Tie Marble Tombs where oor FMe-bther* lye; 
Sweated, with dread of too much Conqiany : 
And an their sleeping Ashes shook tat Fear, 
Lest thousand Oboatt wcmU cooie and thnrad them 



To be reMor'd to tbon froa wbom (IW7 ouw. 

The Mma Stll* all, aad tiMMBw SnNB doM p«i I 

AIM, tbej allov ■« Fsnai a( PiiQW la Ika. 

C»i hapn' M, U Uoi wMdd BdHur hear 

Tbelr ■ndr'd FUm, Kr God <bA nddcn PnTcr. 

Tlt^ wU b* kvvd, «iid Id «iM>n *<«. 

n»e rniny fciaiW Raw far JaMka erica. 

The; nil for Btood, whkh Dov I IMT dow mH 

Foe Bbwd ■(iriB, Kodi loader tbut the; aU. 

In r eiweltH CSuon, ud ""fc"*^ Nobe, 

We km that nn, and ;« uDoooqiHr'd Voka. 

So wbca lbs acred TiraeiaM Lyra waa dimrn'd, 

U Ik* AuAswii Wona'a mind Soond ; 

The wood'riDK Stone* that came before la hear, 

FoiSDl thfwaiJTii, aad tnm'd hia Mord'rtra then. 

The lane load Sum blow the Omw Ititn down : 

It blew down ifea^ and wltfa li riHKtk the Cramt. 

Then flitt a SAMk wttboM a CtMnI bafOB ; 

Comftm (hr adf, daar Omr^ tat thai Iwai done. 

The aame graai Sloim, 10 Saa great Marf di«T«, 

TIm SMOOold BOI noh danf^ooi Tenpott move. 

The tame drove ClxrAv Into the Nonh, aad thai 

W«Dld madflhr &r have drlvea him bask asm. 

To fl; from tioba of l^BoIti la DO Kiama ; 

Ne'er win ihalr Anaiaa fcro* them to (baaams : 

Tlwr ay Ui Caatba, an U* Townt Imada. 

He 's a fauca PifMOor bi an Jt>v*w<< made I 

He monnot iHua m IrAutti aveptng Sbora, 

The Wonnda ibeia Smsaoat maha muM ;iekl them 

He nuat not oonqoa hit lewd Rabeli there, 
Leait be tbatdd learn bj that to do it ban 
The Sen the; BDl)}aot nan to thafa- Command, 
The Se«. thai oowni car KiDfa. and aU tbdr LmmL 
Thni poor th«f Imt« Ub, thdr baaa Rrtde and 800m 
M poor ai Ibeee^ now nriiht; Men weia bom. 
When Mnlt whole Analet meet In Ckarlt^s Rlsbt, 
How DO Uan knowa ; bal here the; are, and Fight. 
A Uaa iraald awMT, (bat MW tUi altcT'd State, 
Khqn were call'd God^ bacanla thajr ooold CrMte, 
VaisMenl 'tb Heam tUa ArM Aedttanoe bringi. 
The mme ii Lord of Hoat*. that 'I King of Klngi. 
Had Hen ftanook hfan, Angeli from abora 
rFh' Aayrian did leas tbdr lunice more) 
Would aU bava mnMcr'd In his ngfataotia Aid, 
And Thunder 'gaioM fan Cannon wsutd have play'd. 
It need* not », for Han dae irea to iljtfat 
Abns'd Hankted 1 a*d. Wntdt^ yoa mun Bght 
WmUr fint «aw 't. and tronbled at the View, 
Too wen the lU* of Cm/ (Far ehe knew. 
Twloe did the FlaiMea of old her Torwoa innde. 
Twice eall'd *• in vahi for bar own Snitrm's Aid. 
Hera fint Oie Rdid Wind! begu to KHv, 
Baake loote from lb* ja«( Fatten irttiob tbejr bora. 
Hon mmfaioM Wave* abon tbalr Shear did nreO, 
And the fint Storm of thai Dire Wuder Ml. 
But when the two great Brethren laoa nppear'd. 
And thdr brl^ Hand* Uka Zcfai (Mhi«ic« reu'd. 

When tbeie Sea-calming Sons from/«D» were tpfA. 
Tbe Winds all Bed, tba Wavn all mnk and d;'d t 
How Ibagfat great R»ftrt, with what Rage and SkiU I 
Enough to 'to oonqnet'd, bad hii Canae been UL 
Comdy jpouug Han t and ret hi* dreadful Sight, 
The Ral>Bl*' Blood to their Unt Hcam doee fright. 
In Tuin, alai. It ledu so weak Defence : 
For hli kaoi Sword bringi it again fram tbenoe : 
Yet grjerea he at the LawtcI* thenee he bore ; 
Abu poor Prince, Ihejr'll flghl with him no nioi<e. 
Hii Virtue will be ecUpi'd with too much Feme, 
Henocdortb he will DOI Conquer, but hi* Name. 
Here . . . with tainted Blood tbe Field did tiain, 
Bj hi* own SKcrilege. and 'i Ccontrf't Cnne* elain. 
The fim Cormnanda' did Heaven'* Vengeance Aixm, 
And led tbe Rebel* Van to Shade* bdow. 

On two &ir Hill* both Aimk* next are teco, 
Th' aAighled Valley ilghi and ewvati between ; 
Htfe AHgtU dkl with bir Expectanoe itar. 
And wieh'd food tbli^ to a King a* miM a* tbe]' : 
Tbcir fUmdt with Htmgar waiting did abide. 
And Cuned both, but ipnr'd on tb' gniltr ride. 
Here etood /IMgiam, her Look* gentljr Safe, 
Aged, but much more cornel]' for her Age I 
Tbov SMtm Old Hag, iho' leeniinf Young, appMui, 
Ai Snake* bj caiting Skin* renew their Yean ; 
Uudeoent Rags of levenl Diet ahe wore. 
And in her Hand totn Uturj/ia dw bore. 
Heie Leyaity an humble Cnm dixplar'd, 
And itill a* Ckarlts pai*'d by, ibe bow'd and prayd. 
StUlint there her CMnuon Banner spread*, 
Shakei alt her Hand*, and roars with all her Heads. 
Her knotty Hain were with din Serpent* Iwlit, 
And ev'ry Serpent at aadi other biM. 
Here Hood Whit* Tmik, and her own Host doca 

Clad with thOBB Arm* of proof, her Nakednett. 
There Pojuria like Caancn* roar alond, 
And Ua Sew thick, like Cannon'* amoaky Cloud. 
Hoe l^amimg and Ih' Artt met, a* much they fcar'd 
A* when tbe Humms of old and Gtlki •ppeat'd. 
What should they do ? unapt ihenuelvea 10 fight, 
They promis'd noble Pens the Aots to write.. 
Then tgtura»a advanc'd, and joy'd to spy 
So many thai durn fight they knew not why : 
From those who ipoat tbe Bknr.aaard Mtmit disdain. 
From thoK «be bopea tbe MmMt duU Age again. 
Here Mtr^ waits with sad but gemle Look ; 
Never, alas, bad sbe ha CMaritt fonook I 
For Utny on her Filcndi, to Htavtn the cries. 
Whilst /uMn pulls down f«v>aitM tram the Sdeb 
Oppnuieit tbars, SafiM and UtrrJtrtnooA 
Rwly, as was tba Field to drink their Blood. 
A thontawd wronged Spirit* amongst them laaan'd. 
And diiice tba CbaUi aS mighty Slrnfbnl groan'd. 

Now flew their Cannon thick thso' wounded Air, 
Sent 10 defend, and km tbelr SovBogn there. 
Hon than he thcsn, the Bnnai* tear'd hit Head, 
And at hit Feet lay inaooently dead. 




Tbejr knar not wfau thoM U« Ibu MM tfacm maul, 
And acted ttwir PMcoce, not thtdr Intant. 

Thlj wu tbe DajF, thi* tbt fint Da; (lat ■bnr'd 
How mudi to Charia for oar loaf Vtuat ws ow'd : 
f^ hla sua bera, and Sptrli, we nndattood, 
FRHn War aancht kept him, but hli CoandT'a 

In Ui fnot Looki irtMl dicartil Aiv«r iIwm I 
Sod IfdrondjojAa TWwiV^ mli'd In OM. 
In tbo mme Bmmi oT hla Ha^eitlck Br*. 
Hit own Uen Ufo. bli Poai did DeMh e^qr. 
Great Si^tr* tU*. that Wi^ fmi Wiimal ImiSt. 

Tb(7 Chaiie, aa If alma tbey 'd beat the Foe i 
Wbelber Ibetr tioefft loBow'd them np or na 
Thejr follow da«, and hoHe Idio tbe Fiffat, 
Aa iwift aa amdt tbe R^ela nmde Ihdr Fllgbt. 
So iwlft the U iKnanii fljr, at if ewdi Pear 
And JeabMtle tb^ fram'd, boil met tbem there. 
TinBj heard War't Hntt^ and owe; tbejr flew. 
The Trampeli Ufbt wocte than the Orguu do. 
Their Sonla which am new 9rmKj% do InTent, 
Out at thidr wounded Backs paranlr went 
Poma no more, ye NttU VUtan ttxy, 
Leai too much ConqoeM loae to bnre a Day. 
Fv MlU tbe Battd aoandi beUnd, and Fate 
Will Dot lira all, bat leti ni hsv a Rate : 



It Man, foi too fi 
Stieanii of Black taioted Blood the FMd benoMr, 
But pnte weU-oolaiir'd Dropa ahlne here and tlMra : 
Tbejr eceni to mil wftfa Flood* of boier Vdna, 



That fearlen Umdsv. tbn* bold Amtigi^, 
AmkUt the Copa of alanghier'd Rebeli Ije : 
Mora honourably than Eittx e'er wai found, 
With troop* of IMnf Tnitora drded lomd. 
Re«t vaUant Soab in Peooe, ye (acted Pah-, 
And aU whoaa Deaths atunded on yon there : 
You 're kindly wckom'd to Heavan't peaocAil CooM, 
By aU tbe Renrend Hwtynr NoUe Host. 
Your toaiioc Souli they meet with Ttitunph, all 
Led by graat Stfktm, their old OentnO. 

Go W n, now prefer tliy Bouriihlng State, 

Abore those aitmlcr'd Heroei doleful Fata. 

Enjoy that Liie wfakh thou doiH boiely mtb. 

Anil tboaght'it a Saw-pt nobkr than a Grave. 

Tlmi many Mv'd tbemielTei, end NigU the re«, 

ffighl that agntt with their deik Action* beet. 

A dismal Shade did Htavtiii md Faoe o'eiflow. 

Dark •* the Ni^ aloin RAUi found bdow. 

No gentle Stat* their dwarfol Glories leeir'd, 

Asham'd they wen at <Aat was Itaoa, ood tar'd 

Lest wicked Men their bold Excnse riiODld bame 

From some strange InAuoice, and *o vaU their «hame. 

To Duty thus, {kder and L^w incline, 

They who neW Err from one eternal Uae. 

As just the Ruin of lliBse Hen ttiey thought, 

At SiMTtt't wo*, 'fftaM wfaom them*elTes had fon^ 

Since Lmc^w tba Oteot, their dibri^ Copt^n fcO. 
For Ibis the BaHa they rlo(, and not in vain, 
Wdl might dwy all li^ onl for tbooaands slain. 
For this the Boafire* tlMlr glad UghtDot* naiwl. 
When Fnnarnl Flaasea migfat BMse beOt (betr Dead. 
For this with solemn Timnks ibqr tka tbeir G**, 
And whilst tbty leellt. mock th' Almighty-t Kod. 
TbC7 proodly now abuse his JoMka mar«h 
Tfaoa hit loiw Merde* tbey abut'd bdbiw. 
V« thee* lb* Uen iboi uw ReUgioD baoK. 
Tbe pure and Holy, Holy, Holy, Hoat I 
What peat KeWBtd (or K> much Zeal 1* glr'a ? 
Why, HaaTsn hMihank-<l than *o^ a* thqr tfaoik'd 
Witneta thoti Braimftrdt tqt Iboa anetert Tmm, 
How PNny In thy Smett Ml gtmt/lat down : 
mtncos the JM-taatt web'ting in Aeir Oon^ 
And died anew into tbe Na^ O^ fave I 
mtne** ibelr Hen bknr'd np iMo tbe Air 1 
All Rlianw* their RtiinsJoT'd to sham. 

Then dnwn'd in Wofet, they "re 10*1 by Wai«e to Sbore. 
Wlinms iboa TjIossm/ thonwBslamaa'diotBB 
Uen Dwdly ran to •«** tbenttebei In tbeci 
In Tain, for gttub Una thou votUdsl not save. 
And down tb^ sank beaaath t by coaqu'iing Waid 
Good Reretend ritoaMi, tbeboibelOT'dofaO 
Those noble Flood*, that meat at Ntflmmi, HaK ; 
lamda^t proud Tomtn, which do thy Head ndcm. 
An not thy iStorj now, but Grief and Soom. 
Hum griev'n to see the Wkiit mmm'd Ptut tUne, 
Witbont tbe Beam* of It* own Lord and thiM : 
Thy Lord which 1* to all a* Good and FMe, 
As tiKNikind Flood to tiilne own BanhaoanKfao. 
How doe* thy peaoeftd Back dladain to bear 
TUJFef^b bode Pride at W4iimitutm-I 
Tboti who thy eeif do'M without mmm'iiiv pay 
Eternal T^«NiM to thy Pilnoe, tbe Sea. 

To O^fard next Gecu CAar/s.ia TrtnmpA coaie, 
Hsetl^andng with sc 

Hod these StUgiamt VaaJali or 

Not BadU^i Noble Work their Rage woold ^an. 

For Baata tbey know tbe <ble( Maiititml$ am. 

For Pent of time u> i 

Tbe Tenqilea' deoent Wealth, and modeet State, 

Had toS^'d, tlU* their Antioe, that their HoH^ 

Beggary and Soom into tbe Church they 'd brin^ 

And make God (Mriout, •• tlwr mode tite Kii«. 

O hi^py Tcnn, that to kir'd CkarUt Sight, 

In tbase sad Thnes gtVit Safety and Ddight, 

Tlw Fate which Citvsf Iftfr Haelf dolb Blen, 

Seaica would'st tbon Aange te Fmti, lUs Hsftpineat. 

TUnk «D thy SiOir, and thai ibad a Tear. 



Hff Wind* and StoriM ctine dm m thick m ih«j I 

Vet BODgbt theaa fivJoat Rebdi ooaU reeall, 

Nm JArflMinvii'j nor 0'»««nhr'> F«IL 

Vm MiB for Ptace die GnlU Cimfmtnr foei, 

B]r Ui Wntb Aqr perlih, j« hb Lon nAua. 

Nor ^ li the pUn T iiiiii imdcrMood, 

Witt bj Uad HMven. In £[roi>}b, ud /r[aayA>w 

Cio^md Id* ClMRh nw when tbdr BMoir t>ri 
And with Jmt R«l neir-Bartf d tlMfr Hdy-dBr. 
Fond Men, tbi* Blair tbe Injar'd Cnnwr Bmck, 
Non^ wia mora 111 Kt poUi bat tfar Book. 
Sodi fual Vcageanca did wnii^d Ciar^grm die», 
Vn^KtIllamfA'^^ both begun nod ended too. 
in* ottn'd Reb^on, where hli Soul "» repaid 
With Mpaiation, gnat u that lie made. 
£[aai^}i, lAoaa Si^rit imned o'er the mlgbl^ Frame 
O" tbe Brititi Isle, and ooi this Chaos came. 
il[iu^yi, the Man dwt tanght Confiulon's Art, 
Hi* TreaKHB raattev, and yet nidde** Heatt. 
Hii actfre Brain, Hke /Btma'i Top ^>paar'd, 
Wbne Tieaaoo '• fbq^d, jM no Nolle ooiward heaid. 
Twae be ooctilT'd whaie'er bold Martyn tald. 
And aB the popnlar noise that />•> baa lande ; 
Tint be that taught the Ztaloui Rma to rise, 
And be bU Slera foe some bin'd liberties. 
Him lor this Black Design Hell diooglit moat fit, 
Ah I wretched Man, cnn'd by too good a Wit, 

If not an this jonr ttnhbom Heatts can frlgfat, 
Tblnk on die Wtst, tUnk on the Ceniiik Might : 
The Saicmt Ftoy, to thai br-atrelch'd PUce, 
Drove the torn Rellqnea of gnat Bntui Race. 
Here dier of old did hi long Salelr lye, 
Compaaa'd with Seas, and a worse Bnemy. 
Ne'er dll dds dme, ne'er did Iber dmci wfUk Foe* 
More Crad or more Baiharana than those. 
Ve Doble Brilai*i, who w oft with Blood 
Of Pa^n HMti, liave dy'd old 7'uur'i Flood ( 
If anr Drop of mighty Vtktr^SO. 
Or Vikt^i migbtler Son your Vein* doe* ill. 
Shew then tint Spfall ; 'llli en Hen tldnk by yon 
The doutaHiil Tale* of your great Arikatr true. 
Ton hare ibewn it Brilaim, and bare often done 
Things that have chear'd die weaty lenlng Stm. 
Again did Tamar your dread Anna heboid, 
Aijust andamccexrtilai theOtd : 
It kisi'd the Carniik Banks, and vow'd to bring 
His rldielt Wana to teed th' ensuing Spring ; 
But oHinitai'd sadly, and abnost dcn/d 
AH fttdtlbl Mdttnre to the Dtaoa aUe. 
Ve Son* of War, by wbose bold Acts we see 
How great a thing exaHed Man may lie ; 
Tbe World temaint your Debtor, that as yet 
Ve hare not all gone forth, and conqncr'd it. 
I knew that nite some Wonder* far yo« meant 
When matchlear flaflp* to yoor Coaat* *bc aait, 
ffiy<M>/sDwise, ha ne«is not Forume's Aid, 
So Ibnnnale, Us Wtadooi,'* nselwi mada. 

Should hi* K> often tiT'd ComponioDl fidl. 

His Sfirit, alone, and Cmragi would prevail. 

MiraculontMaiil how would I sing thy Praisa, 

Had any Utm crown'd me with half die Bays 

Conqnatt hath gtrea to thee I And next thy Name 

SbouU Btrify, Slamming. Digif press la Fame. 

GaU^kU Ibee. the* OnmBU I 'd rehearse. 

But Tear* btaak offmy Verae. 

How oft has nnqntsfa'd Slamfard badcwsrd fled. 

Swift as tbe parted Souli of thoae he led 1 

How few did hi* tioge Hulliiiidei defani. 

For most are Cy^ien when the Number 's great 

Numben alas of Men, that made no more 

Than he hinudf Ten thousand dmea told o'er. 

Who bean of StnMBm Fight but must oonfMs 

An thai he heard m read before, w>* Im*. 

Sad GffVMvjr can no auch Trophy boast 

For aU die Blood these twcoiy Year* di' as VM. 

Vast was thdr Armji, and tbeta- Ami wwe iBOt« 

Than tb' Host of Himdred-banded t^fania bon, 

So strong tbdr Armt, II did almoit appear 

Seoire, had naithtf Arm* nor Men bMn (hate. 

In asplm breaks in bt«ak tbe Caniik Fwnr*. 

Few, and •cam Aim'd, yet w«* th' Adnntage oon. 

What doobta ootdd be, their ootsrard strength lo win. 

When wa bora Arms and Magamu witiUo ? 

The violent Swords ottt-did the Mnskat* Ire, 

It struck tbe Bones, and then gave drandAil Fira : 

We scom'd tbalr Thunder, and the redting Blade 

A Iblcker Smoak than all their Cannon made. 

Dtatk and kmd TummUi GU'd the place arouitd ; 

With frnltte** Rage taKn Rebels Ute the Ground. 

The Armj we gain'd, were U'taOk, Badia at die 

AD that a fan fraught nctory oan bestow. 
Vet stays not Haflm Ibtii, mt stlQ prooaadi, 
Punoe* himself thnaigh all hi* glorlou* Deed*. 
Widi Haiferd, and tbe Prime*. b« Join* U* Ftttev 
TbitBtlgiam TVti^ilw on thetr Jonmey wait 
The J>Wai% wlio oft bad check'd prood H'— fiuna. 
And fbtd'd that flying CBmtmtrota'i empty Nanu : 
'TUl 1^ bi* loss that fortila Montter tbriv'd, 
TUs Serpent em in parts, reftdn'd and liv'd. 
It liv'd and would have atung u* deeper yet, 
Bot that bold Grumdl tti whole fury met 
He sold, like Dtciui, bis devoted Bnatfa, 
And left tbe Common- Wealth Heir to his Death. 
Han mighty Gkostt look from on high, and see 
How much our Hands and Smrdi remember thee. 
At Rmatd^Kay-Hiatk, our Rage at thy great fiUl, 
Whet an our Spirits, and made a* GrtttnHU aU. 
One Thouaavi Hone beat an thedr numerous ^we* ; 
Bleasmel and wliere was then their Comgiunr/ 
Coward of Fame, lie fliea hi haste aw^, 
i/ca, Armi, and f/amt laava ns the Vitler'i Pr^. 
What meant thoae Inm Rigtmnit wliich be lirought. 
That moving Statues seem'd, and so tbey ibnght 
No way for Death but by Disease appear'd. 
Cannon and Mines, a Siegs tbey scarcely iear'd : 




TOt 'fminM all bopet tlwr pMv'd in tU* nd il|fat. 

Too wMk to Mand, and yet too (low for BgfaL 

The Furiet howl'd aloud throafh tnmbUnc Air, 

Th' ulonlib'd Snaket fell ndlf bam thdr Hair ; 

To Ijiii proud Town thdr baMf Oigbi Unj loo^ 

llM Towan and TenplM at tbdr cDtmrae ihook : 

la Tain tbdr Lo« thqr attanpMd to dtipiiae, 

And miutred ap new Troopa of fridtleii Lka : 

God fongbl htmidr, nor oou'd th' E*aot be Ina, 

Bright Conquol walln the Pleldi la all her dre>L 

Cou'd thU white Day ■ Gift more gnleful bring ? 

Oh ]FB( I it broHKhl bieu'd Mary lo the King I 

Id k^nUim Fldd Ihajr met ; at ome tbeji rlew 

Tlkdr former Vktoir, and enjoj a new. 

Kgmttn the nao* that Foftone did apixore, 

To \xiiKnaUalSctiu Of WaritALav; 

ThroDgh the (lal Vail ten tboiuand Ci^it lied. 

And cfaai'd the wauliing Spirlli dtSiMt dead ; 

Still the lewd Kent of Powder did the; fear. 

And ■caUer'd BatUrm SmtUa throDgh all (be Air. 

Look happj HoQnt, took well, lor thli ii iha, 

That Torl'd and TranU'd for thy Victotr ; 

Thf Bouilihlag Head to her irtth Rererenoa bow. 

To b«r Iboa oweu that Fame whldi Cnmu tbea now. 

From br-ftretcht Shocti the; fdt her Spbtl and Hlgfat ; 

Primttt and Get at any distaooe SghL 

At her return wdl nlgfat ih' a Conquett have, 

Whoae mr Abaenoe mcfa a Conqnesl gafs. 

Tliii In the Wat: nor cfid the Narih bcMow 

Lau Cbiuo, their luoal Qrahtuda to ihow ; 

With niiidi of State hrara Cavtmduk led them foflh, 

Ai iwilt and Serce aa Teoipen from the North ; 

CavtmdiiA wfaom t^rj Gratt and eWij itnu, 

KiM'd at hit Birth ; and for their own did chnie. 

So good a Wit thej meant iwi iboifd excel 

In aims, but now tbey Me 't and Uka it wall ; 

So kige it that rkb Enqdre of hli Heart, 

Wdi majr they ttat contented with a Pait. 

How won be ftare'd the Nartham CkKidi to flight, 

And ttrack ConfOiioD bito Fonn and Light 1 

Scarce did the Power DiiriBe in fewer iMfg, 

A peacefnl Wwld out of ■ Chaoi ralae. 

Bradfird and Lttii propl op thcdr linking FUno, 

Thej bngg'd of Hona, and Pairfaa wu a Nama 

ZmA, a>»4 » nt An/w Power* on Anil thdr a< 
At qnl^jr aa they vote M« over thrown. 
Avto from hii Wain looh'd down taripw. 
And •>« our Vlctary move not bait ao dow. 
1 ne the OaZlMi Av< break thmvb thq FOm ; 
In Diut and Sweal how f lorto«t*l)> ba abawi I 
Ine Urn lead the PikM; WbMwfflbedo? 
Zlpte^ Mb /fMatt*/ Ob whither will be go? 
Up to the raiumt' Uoutb be lead* I in nin 
Tbey (peak kmd Death, and threaten tin tbey'r ta'< 
So Cafamm, two Aimiea fiil'd with Wonikr, 
When ha dMKi'd Tfw. ud gi^ipled wit 
Both Hoiu with dkoee, moA witii tsTor dioph. 
A* if not be, bw tb«y ware Thundar-drook : 
The Cmrmft beM, and BtUnoit waa no laa. 
Only the Cnti* was better, and Smcua. 
Hmut» will let Doa^t lie by their C«nnaa done. 
Sinoa at B4gkiU ifaay dnn'd. ud Bartim^KL 
Go n(7w, your tilty CeJumMiti repeat. 
And mdM all F^nti, wboen yon cannot bcaL 
Let the Worid know aoow way, with wboni yoa 

And vote 'em TWnti wbew tb^ o'ertbrow yon nen. 
Why will yon die, fend Uea? why wlUywbiv 
AI doll fond nu, yoor Counny'i Slavery? 
lit Llbcnyl irtwtaretholeTtiieatiweheH? 
Why do yon thui th' Old and Ntm Prinn fill, 
Wben that'i the only why, became you will i 
Fain would yOD make Cnf too tbu* tynnaOBt b^ 
And duM >Mr JfM by nich a diff Decree 
li'i Property? Why do (uch Numbiratben, 
From Ood beg Vti^otuut, and Rtii^tnai Uan? 
Why are Ibe BiKUu and Goadt nii'd en o( all, 
Wbcm Cmtaiu or iiaUeUut Uen mlacall? 
What 'i more otu own tbui our own Liiea? trntb 
Could Ymmaii'i, or could Bturthitr find it eo ? 
The Bartartiu Cotmrd alwiyi ua'd to fly,. 
Did know no other way to tee Men dia 
Or ii-i JFdi^pfM r What then mean your UoK 
Your Sacrilege and Pulpil BkqdHodai ? 
Why are all Stef let looae, that e'er had Birth, 
Since ^Hito'/ AWm wak'd the Z^MaiyiKi ArAt * 

Tim AmOitrwtmt a» fiuiktr. 


From 'Zet^pSIa, dre Htuutus Cantabriglea- 
dnm Concoitai et Coogratnlatio ad Sereni«imn» 
Britanniarum Re£em Carolom, De qulnto mo 
•obole. >637." 

DtftUafartH R^iMm Uaiim. 

AcADWic LkTiH Poms, nc See page n/2. 



View undem. ridMl, caKk Muia ; 

A M ^ nncf nngtua qn^ gandaat Ilia I 
Va boBtei land ftf mpotMB fnlL 

Rflgb. MlaoMlliMloiepqMrinaJntu. 

TuD popolo (et nonun «u qdua placei IDe) phcct, 
~ ~ n (juAd ifamu kTul ; 

m liaiculpu, regu. 
.^^raAsMU Coultf, T. C. 

II. From 'Voce* Vodm kb Aodemicii Canta' 
biigicmibiu pro aoriMimo Caroll et HariK 
Frindpe Tdk> eniswe. 1640.' 
Injilitiaimam R^na Maria ftrtUOaUm. 
NatimB bdes nau>ratnr qaolibet snno, 

Et aaw minun IdtUli Ipia pailt. 
Sic qooqne Natans eumpiar Rqino, dfcauqne, 

In tcetu tolia le vidct ipn DOTam. 
Pent onmem lignas Um siepe puerpen aeDtem, 

Bt cnpit i poitn ncHnen haboe too. 
QnMqne (no* tottta andll Ludna tabort*, 

Vix ipsa in pioprio sacpdui Oibe tumet. 
FtBcondain Kiaper ipecUbis, Jane, Mariam, 

Sin hoc rire ab fiimte iMere Tolea. 
Dlldte, aokjecd, oOeiDni : SegliiA Martto 

ADDoaJam toUei lp*a TiUmta dedit. 

Dnm ndil amictb noD (emu Carohuaila, 

PthUpU oecmlt tnunbi Fun* notrL 
Hon miniai, exdibu cum ptoxittiw Ipae Touutl, 

Vlcfnuni attinpint quod dto n>t& Deum. 
Hon minuD, c^ >Ct tarn *biicUi mente precattu. 

Quod predbnt DMRM ttn propcms vMift. 
Factnra langnm sMt* JijmU* Foinm 1 

O imf T* Epdlaa exhlUtura Fames I 
Ba fandont geniittiiii, et lacrTmanni flnmina ; ntrtam 

Cnm R^tn ipiua paitnittaae pntet 

in. From ' Iienodia Cantabri^etuU : Ob pod- 
fenim SercniuiiDi Regii Cakou i Scotu 
tedituni Henx NoTcmb. i6<i.' 

ER^ redli, tn«lt> frontan ndlmltoa OUtb, 
Capdneqne Ingeiu lanrea padi adett. 
VIcenmt bUI iMdH* «t Maite cnwnto ; 
Cacok, Tu wdm Tlncen b«lla pMM. 

Te leqnitur volocri midi VictoriK peiun, 

£t Funn penoai prBrenit ipaa sue. 
Te voluere sequi eoDvtilsU Orcidea nndia. 

Sed ntinent linM fiigora sacra pedet. 
Te propi vlderunt, 6 terris niajor Apollo, 

Nascentem, et Delo plus licuiste doleiiL 
Tanla deeam Carolmn renm ■«'"-"'n ; Tecnm, 

SI pdago redeas, Insula navis eat. 

Sed rata tarda £elu, sed nimis Ipie piger. 
Campodlain pladdt )am iKtns despidt Areton, 

HoiTcatteiue novo Inmlne adornat equos. 
Ah nunquam lubeat dvlU sanguine Tueda, 

Nee petat altonltnin decolcs' unda mare I 
Calllslo In retltum potibs duceudcfM scqutB', 

CoDvenisse feris Inter se novsat Unit. 

El generl Ing*«i4nm midns esse soo. 
Not geni sua sumus ; De Sootl nomine et An^ 

Granunacicl soli pnclla rauca genot. 
Tarn bene cc^^las compesdl Caiolus aisa. 

Tot pw«ni populls Amdll ab ore soli. 

Eripuit \ nunquam bella videre potest 
Sic gladios aolTit nglnis fulgur in Ipsii ; 

Effectdqne potest vix pribs Ire sno. 
Stc Ttgil Menu regnalai PtuBtraa Olympa 

Clfcamfen lubitam qui volat ipse diem. 

Nnoup ~ 


A. Comity. Trin. CtU. Sativi. 

He**— In Uw arigliBl L I 'pid«' i> Kiuk (nlalii* md 
L 19, ■ Callim ' ii vallad ' CkUro. ' 

To these published academic verses, I 
add the following 10 iar as I am aware 
unpublished poem fiom Harleian uss. 6383, 
the writer of which us. speaks of his coudn 
Gervase Holies. I adhere to the v&. except 
that I ctaiect ' yeard ' by ' year ' (L 4) and 
tabstttnte 'b^pnn y* yean' for ^■f year 
b«s^'(l 9). 

COOLTU TKUBS VPPON VT Ladt Bliiabeth['s] 

' Tour ptctnn might J P. Ingiait'd lii goold 
wtaidie &tMn jdwt idctnre doth mote lustra faould 
men to thedr frendi lor gratnlation send 
when Janus doth b^Inn ]F< year and end : 
Nature o^ mnehe &tMn jour large hand receanes 
Vat new. jiaiLS g uift to tbee ibjiie imapgfuei 
of Ian mon wrath then thjr goulds louelj print 
both for the giauer metlall & Uie mint : 

wbal ilctMt down for J ai 

I head 10 bean? 



wetl mar we know f iprins tinw lonmrd cmpl 

k«>e thy «df with *• diwndr, or w« 

from Ifa' fertile »o(c .<» fraKte miy pMp. : 

at T fear'd day iban maj boa'a to Iho^ 

|o OD vUe luxnre, and with oquall tan 

whkbe marit tboa lale eak>r and Notsr ba 

cache twdus montti locbe ■ Dcw-rev'i (nift pre- 

in rav«i. u »o« thon art Id pmihty. 


And wbeo oold acB that oqat PlinoM rriSBM, 

Thou, whom 4 kingdooMa for tbdr bibw kw». 

hath Katteml oonld aod CvMSM thniash thr iwrai. 

an father ool; tA^ children now. 

Oh let! r* niunber of Ibr a<^«princ momu 

majm tboa be carttod HMe In tUiM owae war*.' 

till we thy cbildian bj thy dldei oottnt : 

^.Cnri)7 4Uto5>). 

F.— Epitaph on Monument in Wistmimst»r Abbiv, Noticis of Death, Po»t»aits, 
■Tc., iTC See page xxz/i. 

The quality of this Epitaph is not high. 
Dr. Johnson indeed could never lead it 
widiout indignation because of its bad Latin 
and other faults. Sprat is usually supposed 
to have been its author, but a contempor- 
aneous HE. copy assigns it to SiK Chaklis 
Scarborough, M.D. (Notes and Queries, 
ist Series, /.».). The 'curious reader' will 
turn to Notes and Queries, as above. The 
Epitaph thus stands : — 
Abkahamui Couuidi, AnxlMnm Pindanis, 
Flaccni, Haro, Delicue, Decst, Dcsidaitim, Kvi 
■u, bic jnxta litni fA, 
Aniea dnm mlitaat late toa Mripte per oibem, 
Et Euna Ktemimi TiTia, divine Poeta, 
Hie pladda jsceu leqtiie: cnitodiat nman 
Cana Fides, Tigileatqae perenai Umpade Hub. 
SK tacer iite locai, nee qnii temenrin* ftiait 
SaerileKB torbare nunn Teoetabile btuton. 
InUuti maneant, maneant per hkdU, doldi 
COULKII dnere^ leireDtqae munoUle sunua. 
Sic vovit, Tottuoque mam aptul poaterot tactktnm 
etM rolnit, q«i Tiro iBcomparatdH porah tepiil< 
chiale manoor, Gioioius Dai BtlCKlNOHAMix. 
Excenit e vita anno Klatii nue 49, M honaiifica 
pcanpa elatu ex Kdiboi BticktBghaMianii, Tirii 
ilhislribu omninm ordinnm eaeqaiai cdebnnti- 
biu^ Mpnltni e« die 3 U. Aogwti, Anno Domini 
In connection with his death, under August 
loth, 1667, Pepys enters: — 'Sir John Den- 
ham . . . Cowley he tells me is dead ; who^ 
it seems, was a mighty civil serious man; 
which I did not know before ' (iv. 463). It 
would thiu appear that even so consummate 
a gossip-monger did not bear of the Poet's 

death OD 38th July undl lotb August JOBV 
EvtLYK was present at the fiineial, as we 
learn from his Diary — ' 3d August 1667. 
Went to Mr. Cowley's funerall, whose corps 
lay at Wallingfoid House [Duke of Bucking- 
ham's^ and was tbenoe coovey'd to West- 
minster Abbey in a hearse with 6 borses and 
all funeral decency, neere one bandied 
coaches of noblemen and pers<nis of qualitie 
following ; among these all the witts of the 
towne, divers bishops and dcTgymei. He 
was interr'd next Geoffry Chaucer and neeie 
Spenser. A goodly monument is since 
erected to bis n>emorie' (ii aaa, Bickoa* 
edn.). During fonner illnesses Evelyn bad 
visited his friend, t^. 'May 14th, 1663/3. 
Dined with my Lord Mordaunt, and thenoc 
to Barnes, to visite my excellent and ingeni- 
ous friend Abraham Cowley' (ii. 158): 'Jany. 
sd, 1663-64. To Bame Elmes, to see Abi«- 
ham Cowley after his sickncsse ; and returned 
that evening to London' (^. 163). 

From the various (poor) ' Copies of Versea 
on the Death ' of Cowley usually prefixed to 
his Works, I select one only, by Thomas 
Higgons — letting alone the fiither of the 
Wesleys' long Elegy and others after the 
pseudo-Pindaric form. 

Odi mfoH Ikt Jtatk 0/ Mr. CowSg'. 
He who woald worthily adon his Hette 
Shonld write in hii own way, in bu Immoital Vene : 
Bat who can inch M^ettkk Nwnben writ^ 
With iKh iniaiilabU Li^? 




Hie hi^ ud noble Fli^t* to rauh 
Tit AM the Art of Pncept that on teadl. 
The Woild's grows old unce FUtdar, ud to breed 
Anotbermch did Twenty AgenMcd. 

At U«t BtoUieT Pindar Mine, 
Great ai the Gnt in Goiini and ifl Fane ; 
Bnt that the fint in GrtA, a awqu'ring 

And ^ lait Wrote btit in an Iiland Tonine. 
Wtt, Thoneht, InTCDtlon in them both do flow, 
Ai Toireati tamUing from the Uountaim go. 
Tboi^ the peat Reman Lyiick do iwrinHh 

That none can equal Pindar' i Stnin ; 
Cffwlty with Woidi aa fbll and Thon^U* ai hi^ 

At efts Pindar did, doe* flj ; 
Of Kii^ tod Heroei he ai boldlf riogi. 
And Bies abofa the Clondj^ JfX nerer weta hii 


As Tiie aai^ring, ai the Sea piofoond. 
Nothing in Natnie can hit Vkocj bomd ; 

As iwifl ■■ Li^tning in its Coune, 

And as renitlesi in hil Force, 
Wltilst otliei Poets, like Beet who lange the Field 

To gatlieT what the Flower* will jield, 

Glean Mattel with nodi Toil and Pak^ 
To bring forth Vase* in an humble Strain t 

He Met aboal him round, 
PoHcat at once of all that can be fboitd : 

To his mumiitated Zje 

All thing* created open life, 
Tliat all hit Thoti^tt to dear and so peitpkooni be. 
That wfaattoever he describes we tee ; 
Onr Sools are with hit Psssioiu fir'd, 
And be who doe* bat read him, it inqiir'd. 

Pindar to TMer, where &>t he drew hit Breath, 
Thoogh for hit take Ui Race was tav'd from 
Br th' Macedeman Yooth, did not more Honoor 
Than CattUji does hit Friendt and Conntiy too. 
Had Horatt liv'd his Wit to ondentand. 
He ne'er had England thought a rude inhoiiHtafale 
Romt might hare blub'd, and Alknu been 

To hear a ronote BHivn nam'd. 
Who for his Parti doet match, if not taeetd. 
The greatcM Men that the^ did either breed 

If he had flonriih'd when Atigtatni sway'd, 
WhosepeaceAill Scepter Oie whole World obej^d, 
Aeeonnt of him Mteamu wonld hare made j 
And from the Country Shade, 

Him into th* Cabinet have ta'en 

To divert Cmta^t Carea, tad diara hit Pain i 

Into a weary'd Hind, at doe* a noble Mate. 

It is not now as 'twas in former Daji, 

When all the StrecU of Rem* were ttraVd with 

To receive PttrartK, who throng Ardus lod^ 
TriumfAal Ardtea, Honoor'd, as a Demi-God. 
Not for Towns conqner'd, or for Battels won, 

Bnt Vict'ries which weie more hit own ; 
For Victories t£ Wit, and VictoHet of Art, 
Ib wlddi blind nndltcctning Fortune had no paiL 
Though Ctnd^ ne'er mch Honours did attain. 
As long at PHmrtKi, CattU/t Name thall 

Tit bnt hit Droit that's in Uie Gmve, 
Hit Memory Fame from Death thall (a*e ; 
His Bayt shall flourith, and be ever Green, 
When thoae of Cooqnoort are not to be seen. 
Ab tin man ifiia ntptrtUi aril. 
Thomai Higgons. 
Various authentic points of Cowley exist 
In the Bodleian Galleiy is the original of 
Faithome's well-known engraving. At Botb- 
wdl Castle is that which formerly belonged 
to Clarendon. Lel/s, representing him as 
ft shepherd, formerly at Drayton Manor, has 
passed to the Nation with Feel's gallery of 
puntings. I hare incidentally mentioned 
Zinc's miniature, engraved by Komney, once 
like Lel/s at Strawberry HilL Of other two 
at Trinity College, Cambridge, my friend. 
Dr. W. AJdis Wright, gives me this informa- 
tion: — 

* The portrait of Cowley, of which I tent yon a 
photogiaph, it a crayon drawing, which is in the 
ttody of the Matter's Lodge, and wai presented to 
the College on nth Angnst 1814 by Ridiard Clarke, 
Esq., Chamberlain of the City of London. In the 
light hand comer at the top of the portrait ii written 
" Abr. Cowley Aet ," the Ggnret being concealed 
by the frame, bnt the Master atinres me the age 
given it 33. The handwriting may be Cowley's own. 
It certainly is not unlike his signatnres in our book*. 
This it all I can tell yon of tlie history of the picture. 
Whether Mr. Clarke claimed any kinship with the 
Cowley bmily I cannot tell, for I know na more 
about him ; but in the little volnme of Cowley's early 
poemt it an Elegy on hit friend and cousin Richard 




Gierke of Lineoln'i luo, wfaidi ibowi ■ faailj gob- 
neetioo between the Cowlqn and tkeClaikei. Thoe 
ii another portnlt of Cowley in the CoUep Hall, a 
foU-lngth figne. ThU wai prcMntad to ai in 175a 
bj the Hob. Tlkamaa Towaaead, and U prabablr a 
copf boa aome cariict plctaia. It wai paiatad by 
SlaagfaUn, and repreaata Cowley at a maa of fortf 
or noHi with Ions hair, and dn«ad in a kxMa Una 
robe, laanns apunit a colamn with a book in hit 

After cotiaulbUion with nrioua attutic and 
Uteniy frieada, I decided to re-CDgiave 
Faithoroe a* that which had «v™»H*tiH^ 

itself to Biahop ^>rat. Thia and the juvenile 
poitrait by Vaughan (given in facaimtle) seem 
authentically to preserve f(x ub his pne- 
■entment. The Clarke portrait — doubtless 
handed down by.deiceodaats of Htunphrejr 
Clarke — is so nnlike any extant one that I 
could not accept it as a pntrait of Cowley 
at alL la no feature does it agree with any. 
I have a susiucion that for Abnham Cowl^ 
we should read Abiaham Gierke or Clarke, 
hit cooiin. Of course if the inscriptiin be 
Cowley's this is not posdble, bat I doubt it 





i — Pfaratbu tArbur. 

i«„. ^ 

Digitized by GoOt^le 


Poetical Blossomes. 




A oitieal namimrioii of the uxtt, hu ntitSed mc^ that the enlf war to 
get U a right ettiinate of Qnrieri i* to reprodnce hia eariin poona from 
bii owQ origiiul editioiu. Later— from 1636 to 1656-^ wocked on hi> 
jonth&l poetrr and ' inprored ' it by bi> riper jadgment and iocreaied ait, 
but he thereby deprired it of ita primary anthenticitjr ai of ita aatboritjr 
in maildng the growth o< hii getiiaa. Accordinglr, instead of adoptiaf 
bis later and reviled texts, I bare l ec ur red to the little original voltones— 
DOW aU extremdy rare— and given them m integrity. In the Memorial* 
Introdnction (II. CtiticaO it wiU be interesting to record the (w^called) 
later ' impravementi.' For myself the very imfterfections of the jonthflil 
volumes commend them to me, while Inograpbically and critically, it i* o< 
the last importance to have befoce ns their inviolate text The ' Poetical 
Blosscmes '—« small qnaito— had prefixed to it a portrait at the Anthoc 
' aetat. 13 ' by Taugfaan, within a symbolical border. Thii Portrait of the 
boy-poet boa a somewhat curious history, not I believe hitherto known. 
See otii Memorial- Introduction fin it, with fafimili— , etc 

' Pyramus and Thiibe ' and misceltaneons poems follow ' Constantla and 
Fhiletus' with a fresh tide-psge (as given) but with continuous signatoics. 
Together, they make up ' Poetical Blossomei.' Notes and Illnstiations to 
these and all thePoems— as with Qoaries before— wiU be found at doae 
of the volnmeft G> 




A. C. 

—Jit furculus Arbw, 

L o N D N> 

Printed by B. A. and T. F. for Henry Seilb, and are to 

be ibid at his Aiop at the Signe of the Tyg(nriAx<S)A 

in S'. Paules Chiirch-yard. 





and light Reverend Father in 

God. lOHN, Lord Bishop of 

LiNCOLHE. And Deane of 


Hf LoBD, 

IJISgU wtU/tart. Itail Odu mj fjA and ntfeUiU 
Una. iMnuld e^d jmrr Haneraih tmign but 
that I koptjoaT Nahltmtut miU raOur omit at O* 
fiiMlti lammilltd if a Child, On (tnturt Ouat,- Hffw 
iftmtr I dain your Lonbbip'i fardim, for fmtutimg 
lUnp tt vawttHgi ta your vUm, and la aatfl tht good 
toilt ^Idm, nto » att duty it ieand la H 

Voor Lttilihlp'i 


To the Reader. 


ICalTi fit imikin'd Mim Miu-omikb 
And loUiir vial sad Slant I vouldwriit. 
Silt totft at iioriiig tuei a TragtiU : 
Tioii/i ttont in mimmtfull Dittiu It diligU. 
IflkoM diilikt litu mrtmi/nU Una.- Titn know 
My Unti tailk ttarti ntl toili Cantdli didjhtt. 

And lu ittmy vnaiUr guiU didgnidt, 
Htr brii^ Itarti did on tit paptr fitU ; 
Iflitn vHtfxall numitn ii tjfud, 
Ok Riadtrl dtt not liat My trror (oa. 

But liinki ktr tiara diftu't it, and ilamt Ikm 
ily MnsiigrUfi, and net ng musing Pm. 


To his deare Friend and SchooIe-felJow 

Abxahah Cowley, mAu 

flouruhmg and ht^tfuU 

NAhm m> say iteaya, Utaaitaur S^ 
U MDTW IkBi MTV tkt TVlKt ^tld: Tht Stlf* 
And Hittork* tk* forma- Tinus dtUrt: 
In that mtr lattir Daya ^kai d^uti art 
EKperieace ttocAol. Wh^litnt SkaUmHami 
tfatanfirlAisf Nat m i Ut vs dtilaymi 
Ratitr agaimt mr Siha ; 'lii ma Dicay. 
NilSki: SkaUliiiamtanryway 
Sit mas a/JInl. COWUT, tkan fmfsl Ikis trittk. 
Could toir firmir Agi ing 1^ a YoDtli 
Stformarialtkiayiarut Canld NAta mriti 
Tkmt yainf sntk mitty Pomaaf Tnju'Snati 
QrEloqiMSce, al Ms Agt mat nol mh. 
//oryil mas Cato'S Indganml, at TUrlaat 

Sognataf tkint. St^fou it mav so ; yil * misiirinlrd 

Hi Cic'so'b Bloqneui, Tvllt On Wil ^ 

0/OvjD manttd: Ovid toe caaafarrt 
/» Indgimtnl tiUnd Cato. Tktr^on an 
Nont If all fnaU tmlo Tia, topntiy. 
So Bleqmnl. Imditima, and Witty, 
Lit lit morliCt ^ring Hnu bultrodtui end shorn 
Sntk BloMomei at t/gr WnHngs an, and knom 

Tkai {nol HU lim) skall m^ ofinion ti 

Tiat a ii Utam/ulili, and mi mm. 

To bis Friend and Schoole-fellow 

Abkahau Cowlky, od his 

PoeiUeM Blossoma. 



r 04^. mitn Yonthi efttitda- Ageli^sm 
Snfrasing Cato, ta tk^r GravtHi ; 
IndfBmait and Wll, wT/ ejtmtima r^M 
Tit, tUniiliiirtinado/ Lite attiding short 
But my otinitrt is not to o/Timt, 
For Ikon sialt livi lo all Vamailj. 
Tkmgni/U mill nnur lit tbee ifyi, fir Dmtb 
Cau nol tmavt lia if Iky Cune, tkon^ trmO. 
Ltl snarling Crittkb ^tnd tktir traiius tejind 
AfanU, Ikongh liav it nont; TUs is n^ mind 
IM kirn Oust larfia miti tit viftr't Tongnt,* 
Tiinki miti kimalfi, mtat it tould doi as yomig. 
Bnl i/tki Sprlnginf blouoma, tiui ran ti 
What riftm'4 Fliift tioU mtt htrtafltr la. 

Rob: Heads, 




P H I L E T V S. 

I Sing two oonnuil Lovcn' rarioos die. 
The hopa*, Kod leara which cquallr attend 
Tbait lom : Tbeir itni'a cnvie, Parenu' bate : 
I ting tbdr Mciawfull me, nod tregicke ead. 
Aid«t me, Ihu Hid not; lo rehearse 
Yon Godi, and be propillwu to m; nne. 

In Flocence, fbr iier staielT bnndingi bm'd, 

And toftf TOoftf tlut onolale the lUe ; 

Tbse dwell a lonly Majd, Const antia nara'd, 

R«nown'd (ai mimn' of all Italle), lo 

Her, lan^ rntuM did at firtt adDtiie, 
With Pallas' loiile, in Cvthsbba's fonna. 

And framiof ber attractive ejea so bright, 
%ieiit all hCT wit in toxdj, that thej might 
Keepe th' eonh Eram Chaoa, and eternal night ; 
BdI envjooi Death destroyed thrar glorioua light. 

Expect not iMBiitj then, since abe did part ; 

For in ha. Nature wasted oil her Art. 

H«r bajie was bngbter then the beamei which an 

A Crowne to E^ochus, and her bireath m swcM, ao 

It did Innscend Arabian odours faire. 

Or th' (tnelliDg Flowen, wherewith the Spring doth greet 

j^jproaching Sununet ; teeth like blling snow 

For irtiite, were pbced in a douhlc row. 

Hei wit eicell'd all piaiie, all admiration, 
Her speach was ao atnactlve, it might be 
A "t""** to cause great Pallas' indignatioo. 
And raiae an mTie bom that Deitj. 

The majden Ulljes at her lovelj sight 

Wan pale with envie, and from tlieoce grew white. 30 

Sbee «M in birth and Patentage a« Ugh 

As in ber fortune great, or bcautj rare, 

Aikd to her vertamu minde's noUlitj 

Ihe guifks of Fate and Nature doubbd wei« ; 
That hi ber ipotleaae Soole, and lovel; Face 
Than Bighiat have aMoe endi Dehy ud grace. 

The loarDerull Boy Adonis tiewiog lier 
Woold ViMUS nUl deqiise, jet her desire ; 
Each who liut saw, was a Competitor 
And rivall, soorchi alike with Carlo's fire. 
Tile glocioas beames of her fajre Ejes did n 
And p^l bdiolden on their waj to Lore. 

Among lier manj Snton a jroong Knight 
'Bore othss woonded with the Mi^enj 
Of her Csiie presence, prawath imst In sight ; 

Oft-timei that hee ml^t see hi* Dearest-b]Te, 
Vpcm his stately Jennet lie in the way 
Rides bj her hoose, who ndgbei as if he were 
ftimd to be view'd by bright Const aiitia. 
Bnl liii poore Master though (o see her, mone 
His joj, darea show no looks betraying Lone. 

Soone a* the momc peep'd from her rosle bed. 
And bS Heauen's smaller lights expulaed were ; 
She b; lier friends and neero acqualnianco led 
Like other Maids, oft waUit to take the ajre ; 
AvmoKA blushl at sudi a ^ht Tulcnowne, 
To behold checkes were redder then ber owne. 

Th' Qbsequioas Louer alwayes Ibllowes Ihem, 
And where thej goe, that way his journey fdnes ; 
Should they turns backe, he would lume backe aga 
For with his Loue, his bosnesse there remainea. 
Nor is it strange bee should be loatb 10 pan 
From ba, since sbee had stoloe away his heart. 

Pkilbtvs hee waa call'd, sprang from a race 
Of Noble ancestors : But pvdy Time 
And envious Fate had iabouied to deface 
The gloiy which In his great Stodce did shine ; 
Hit tlate bat smal], so Fortune did decree, 
But Lore being blind bee this conldneuer tea. 



Yet hn br dwiice bad hit hit ban ulEhi, 
And on CODnanUm'i ejt hli Aitov irtMt, 
Had blorae tbe fire, thai woold dstroj' taifl qdts, 
VnleM* Btdi (Umai mlgfat Uka In her bct«t 
Bat ret be bang, becaiua be bliadad It, 
Tboi^ be b«Te (hot himrifht, b«r bMit bee 1 mil 
Vdto Ltnt$ Altar therefore bee Tep«k)t«i. 
And tMm Ibn a pl«a«liic Saoifiee ; 
lotnttliw CVHD whb indndng PiAjm, 

MCVPIDI <*aa atlafc al l n m m a mM i^ tuay, 
Hatk ifl-*ima rati IK Olrnplav Tkim^w, 
anttm all CmUtHal IMtidt (f^, 
Wli»m Un and Gtdi ttU mvnM amdfian / 

Ok font CoitlTAHTIA'a iM«4 l»yfU * Z«w, 

<ya// Mf Wtrkit tk* Mmtr^im 'twtUfml*. 90 
And Mwunal Aficlitm wtdatlj iptni. 
Bat kindUpnui in *tr Uti tluu in mm ; 
Vll ifllMfa/l mf Firrtamt datk Iranatmd, 
Grant Ikat hrr Aanaing B4a»tf I way at. 

And vim Oust ^ya. uho with tktir raviMng light 

Dai unify givt ttnltnlmtnl Iv wtj sight, 
Tkeat who amitmnt Ojr Hund Diify, 
And matin tijr Pmtr, M Hum Udrnt amgir knam, 
1 fatUtlttitami nar OM'tankanonrit 
Ta wOKUd yHT itaui abnt, and ifart fvKr ni. icx> 

HSM unrea and ilfhei qiaaka Ui hn p a rt ee i mone, 

Hone he letjrr'd, his Soule he bnmghi dm home, 
Jnat like a Ship vhU'M evei? noaatlog wan 
Toat bf entafed Bobka* vp asd downe, 

audi did hit cue, radi did hit ttate appcare. 

Of hit vnfaappie Fale, but all In vajne. 

Thk Eccho, 

ON I wkal hoik caiu'd my kilUng rndttrits t 
Byti (Eccho jsu/) .• what iatk dtajnud mji ta 
Bau 1 ttnigkt Iht natan^U NimfA rtffya, 
TAat nalJang tan ofji IrmMtd miad ajftiin ; 
Piaa, Eiicho antatn. What, is any uyt t 
{QtielA ki) ; at wUtk, rlu quitkly vUm, I. 

I) •! Eccho Biunww t Ull mt UUn tMy will.- 
I will, tktt laid. Wkal ikall Igtt (fuMk kt*i 
By bmng iHltt U ukUk ika aniUKn. Ill, 
ill; tAaH/vufdqfmitkt/rrfltatmntffvt 


Waigk it \fkt rtffya\ I titr^mt wiUd^ari: 
Ta wkitk, nsMndlng Ettfao amimn, fart. 

ThcB frotn tlie Woodi with totTowfcD hean be |( 
mUBg with flowing thooghti hit piened mfaula. 
He le^t 10 eue hu iinle-oppRBiDf woet. 

la'd the dar, 14ft 

Bin with Philktti hj a eaoMant rite 
At CvriD'B Altan did not weepe and pny ; 
And ret had napad nat«)u lor all Ua palae 

Bat Care and Sonow, that wai all hit (tine. 
Bal DOW al latt the pltflng Ood. o'lecome 
Br hli ooottaal rotet and team, fiit In hff heart 
A (olden ihaft, and ihee It now become 
A mppUanl to Ijjr^ tbU with like Daft 

Hee'd womid FHiLrm, and doth bow iDpIon 

With teaici ard &am that pows tba «»ni'd 
befotK 159 

Little ihe thlnhea Ae hepl Vtatxml hean 
In her toercfat hicaH, becanae btr owne dne fane 
To him. Bat either aoKat equal nnut. 
And «iifc» miMnirf in their tormenti bane : 

Hit tonle. Ml frlefe, hl> hat, now ha* aie (towne ; 

Hit betft, ber mTnH^ her loue, it hit aicuui 

WhllM wandriiv ihOBghia thnt gnlda bar tiMhled 

Seeing a Lute (fadng ftm bom any earea] 
Shee mn'd thli nng, whose mntidie did tranieaid 
Tlie pleatant hannonr of the rowUoK qiheares ; iSo 

Which raulihlng Notes, if wbta her loue wax tlajne. 

She bad nnf ; ftom Siyx t' had cald him back agajoe. 

The SOMG. 

TO mkom ikall I my Sorrama tkam t 
Net to Lmit. for ki it Hind. 
And my Philbtvs dalk net kmfw 

Tkt inward ttrmo ofnpf mind. 

And all tkt stniiUsu wallt wki^k art 
t/am rnnd ai»nl mi cannot ktart. 
Fartftktycmld, Ogi run wnld wuft. 

And teitk ty griijii nlmt. 
VmUiti tktir willing team ik^ kuft. 

Till Ifrem Iki larik an sml, 
Tkm I itlmvi Ikty I all diflmt 
Myfti, ttiut I Hum tai^kt kifin. 



Ify Aart VwtLrm, at tit uUra 

Ofm^titart.- hu tietildtt am fm* 
Afiard^atJUamtt, knam Otjtra an 
Bat toiilh^frrlkf 19 

Hmtb *t«r mr UuM, tat if I ihoukl raohe. 

Hn monniul ' -"g—g-. I tbonld Bwke foa »eepe 

Like ba, a flond, ud to not tM to wijie, 

Soch Ifaw* w I doire thu the; miy keep* 190 

Mbc ftncQ (tcxna death, or then I lean my rime. 
The; tn m; death's nrenge, aa.j cooquei ttmc 

B]r thli t;me, obanoe and hii one loduitcr 

Had helpt PHiurrvi fanrard. that be crew 
Attinalntal with ho* Bralbv, w that bs 

U%hi, by tbi* iManta, hii bright Convtamtia tIbw : 
And ai Xfrna leni'd, ibsw ha hii niiacfio ; 
And thlmt the fint act in '■ Tragedies 
Tbttt to binMeUe lootb'd by hli flattering itate, 

Heiaid: How ibaU I thanke Ibee its tbli gaioe, aoo 

O CvFiD, or reward my belping Fate. 

Who nreeleni all my tortawf, all aqr payne? 
Wbat Husband-man would any n>«at niam. 
To re^ie at lait mch ftwl, hii labonn me ? 

But wayh« Hrai^l bii doubtiuL state aright. 

Sedng hii griefei linlt't like an endleae chayne. 

To following woei, be oonld dcipaire ddl^t, 

Quench bii hot Bamea, and the fondling Lena dUdnhn. 
But CvpiD, wben hii bean wu let on Gre, 
Hadbamt hliwingi, who could not then retin. in 

The woonded youth, and Unde Phiiaciatu 

(So wai her Brother csll'd) grew none to deare 

So tnw, and oomtAnt, hi theyr AmiHei, 

And in that league, lo strict^ ioyned were ; 
That death It leUe could not theyr frioidihip wrer. 
Bat a« thqr Uu'd lo kme, they dyed together. 

ir ooa be nalmdMly, the other "t Hd ; 

U oee b* Afea, tha odMT bM ii in. 

And it PHium any MRow bad. 

PHiLOatATM «■■ paniw fn it Hill : wk 

Ai tta' lonle of PnADka and OMam wu 
In tbev, n«r webelanie PrmAOOuA. 

Oft in the Woa^ PaiLalTi inlheA aad tbna 

Itmai'dtobMnPaiLxmidUican. - 

WftWT the Ehrib. ud keeps the Ueadown gTMoe 

QiTing a oolom- to (he veidaiit gnsM ; 
Hearing PHnJrrra tdl hli wofuH «ate. 
In thew of griefe nmne muimurini; at Ul F«t«. 

PBH/nnL antwcnt him againeand ihewM 

In bet beat langnag^ ba tad Hittorte, 

And in a moarnfOll tweetnene tdi her woes. 

At if ihee Mrove 10 diew hrr minrfe* 
Wae gitata bire then hli, and tweetly ring* 
To ont-ieadi Ui Swiowes, l>y h«r nfhringt. 240 

Hit tadnene cannot from FmLOdATU 
Be Ud, who Kckei bU meanet hk griefe to know. 
Seeing all mirth PBiLrrTE dotb displeate 
And hadon itlU punuei hii conquered Foe : 
Hee Iherefbre <rf bis griefe did oil enquire, 
But Ijm with covering wtngi bad hfd the tn. 
Bat when bit noble Friend perceJTed that hee 
Yeeldi to nmping Pauion more and more, 
Detironi to portuke hii mallady, 
Hee watcbei bim in hope to cure hia rioro 150 

By aoonuDe, and recall the poyiononi Dart, 
When it, alai, wu fixed hi hli heart 
Whm in the Woodi, places best fit for care, 
Hee to hiiDteUto did bii past grlefet nidlB ,- 
Tb' obtequiooi Mend tm^t followei Mm, and there 
Doth bide UmteUt from lad Philetvs' sight 
Wbo thus — ^■''"— ; iac a iwolne bart would breake 
If It for not <rf aoiTow might not ipeake. 
Ok/ f am toil, lut in Ois dtun Wttd, 
Bnl U ivuis fatliitiu LateriHUt, tlurt 1 abo 

aty luaia, tatit iqjr arndfltaa^t ammUigoed 
Haat loit, and vliitk is men, my littriy. 
And nam amfin'l Ic Itl kirn iatri/lc§ 
iij luart.fir nuk ttitning if t^ tya, 
Lcnf kam I staytd, tta yft kaiu tu rtUtfi, 
Lemg Itaiu I lov'd, jtl kmu no/itvottr ihomnt 
Btcauu titi knaaa not a/my kitting gri^t. 
And I liaBifiar'd, to makt my ammts imewn ; 
Farwl^aias, if Ot* skonii onct tut dart 
Atmtdisdauu, 'Itatuld kill nef snijiet ktarL 370 
But kpm ikimid ikdt. tn lin^art niy Ltmt, 
Stward my ardtntfamt tntk litt dtsin t 
BulwluulifidU, ^ tknikputd angry front, 
Langk ai t^/hming turns, and tctmt my Jin t 
Wtgr, km mka luM all larrvma bomt htfirt, 
Nttdta natfian la UapprutudUt man. 

But rannlng to hit loa'd friend ; CA I (sayd bee) 
TttuUOal Faattai wluek nam mattirt Tim a8o 

And aU tl^fieuitia ; tnt i/'l may net it, 




Should hce motle hi* Van, he tata 'Iwoold prone, 
A hinderuice, irtJdi ifaoutd bee deoy lo Ebow, 
It might perhqii fall dewe btcDd'i magcr Bore : 
Then doubu Ilka SCTLLJt and Caubdu Mand, 
WhilM CvriD B blind Pilot doth ooomud. 
At taut raoh'd, bow dufl I leeke, nyd hee, 
To eicuie my leUe, dearest Philociath ; agi 

That 1 6om tbee hsTE hid thU Merede ? 
Vet ceniure oot, (ive nw fint ka*« to cMi 
Mr caw with wordi, mjr griafa fan duald ban 

E're tbii, if that nj' heart had bin b^ ofm& 
I am all Lav*, ugi ktati wot tmrut wUkJirt 
From Ima MgU Sunnaiakiek Jai ail tigU iudeM ; 
Pint tinJling i« aif trtti Oujbimi Dttin, 
Bui Hki lit ran Arabian BinI, Otrt nut 
Fnm my htartt aiiti, tumr-fatadui Ltat, 
Which nam Odi torwunt i» wtf xmlt ietk mart, go 
Okt UtaotammyPatHBaiatatyoariaf, 
Ner lit Iky ckeii* ^tndfrtt, «r Mayni 
Your amhtKl Frierndskif ; 'Hi alai loclaU 
Tt tall uryfirmt afieiiaa tacit agaimt : 
Nt Phr^i^ can rtcurt my wtai'mJ ilalt, 
TMtxtfnmd ii grawnt tea gnat, IM diiftraU. 
Bai Couiudt tajd hit Frleod, a noiedj 
Which DeTGT bjla the Patient, may at leatt 
If not qdte beak your micde't InSimltjr, 
Amrage jour torment, and procure lome nA. 31 

But there Ix no Phyiillaii can apfily 
A Medfadne ere he know Ibe Malady. 
Thco heare me, wyd Philitts ; bat why? Suy, 
I will not lojle thee with my history. 
For to remember Sorrowei pad away, 
Ii to renuB as old Calamily. 
Htt xehs acfuaiiUiUk tlhtn vUh hit maoMt, 
Aides le his fritni I grit/, iiU nal eurti Hi tttma. 
Bui nyd Philockatu, 'tli bcA in woe. 
To hare a fajtblUll partner of Ihdr care ; 39 

That burthen may be vndergone by two. 
Which ii perbapi loo great for one to l>eare. 
I ihonld mistruM your lore, to hide from me 
Yoor Jhougbts, and taxe you of Incoutande^ 
What shall bee doe? Or with what language bame 
EicDie ? He must resolue not to deny, 
But open hii close thoughts, and inward Bame ; 
With that, as {WolOKue to hii Tragedy, 
He sight, as if they'd coole his torment's ire, 
When they alas, lUd blow the raging fire. 33 

When yeares fint styl'd me Twenty. I began 
To sport with catching snare that Loue bad set, 
Like Birds that flutter 'bonl the gyn, UU tane. 
Or the poorc Fly caiighl In Arachne's net : 
Euen so I sported with her Beaolye'a U^t, 
Till I at last grew liliod Willi too much sIgbL 

B, whibt 1 thoogtat. 

First it came *"n'*"g on i 

Twas easya to eapolie it 

Though but a sparke, soona into flames Is brougtit, 

So mine gt«w great, and qtitddy moonlsd bifber ; 340 

Whichiahai; ... 

SliU Uoe in lonnent, lbo<wh eadi 
Who i* It, Myd PwLOCRAns, can 
vnih charming eyes B«Gfa deep* aSt 
I may pohapa aWlK yon fa yoor lot 
Two cu elbBt mora tbm yaw idfe 

My couBoell thlt tby 

Or my iail team qui 

Nay, Myd PmLnrs, oft my ejta doe flow 
Lilie Egypt^corering NUoi no* yet can Jjo * 

Aaswage my beate, wfalch ttOl doth greater grow, 
Ai if my tearei did bat nngmat my taiat. 
Like to the waters of tb' Dodonean st>ing, 
Tba> Ught a ton^ the which is put therein. 
Bot tdng yoa desire to know ba, she 
Is cali'd [with thai Us eyea fel bll a (bower 
A* if they Eslae woold drowne the meraofT 
Of Ui Ufo^eepsi'a name) ComrAMTiA ; mm 
Qrlefs wodld iMt let him Ttter ; Tearei the beK 
Eipreseen of tme sorrow, spohe the rat. 360 

To which bis noble Mend did thus reply : 
And was this all i What «e your griefe wndd ease 
Tbougfa a fane greala [aske, beletme't Ibi thee 
It should be soone done by PhilockatU ; 
TUnke an yoo wlih pecform'd ; bat see, the day 
Tyr'd with its heale is banincDow away. 
Home from tbe tilent Woods, night bids them goe, 
But sad PHll.BTTt can no comfort find. 
What tn* tbe day be fbtre9 of futnre woe. 
At nlgfal in dreaines, like truth, afrlgfat his mind. 370 
Why dOMt thoa Tex him, loue ; Had 'st eyes (I say) 
Thou wouldst thy seUe haue loa'd Cohstantu. 

Pbilooatbi pittying bis dolefuU mone. 

And wounded with the Sorrowes of bit friend, 

Brings him lo (ayre CONST Antia ; where alooe 

He might impart bis love, and eyifaer end 

His &iiitlesu hopes, cropt tiy her coy ''tMnllWi 

Or ty htr JUing, hii mih'l ioyti attaint. 

Fairtst (quoth he) Mhem tkt trigU Htamnti* ctstr 
Da net Ihttt Itarti, Ihai iftaUi^ ttarti, dt^iit .- 3B0 
AntI Jelor'nii lighti a/a mtntiuivt Laotr, 
Tkta ttmeit to Iht lartA iyymr aU-daatii^ Eyei. 

Anddonaiyan cenltmnt Ihai ardtntjiam*. 

Which /ram your iti/i Yanr awntfair Smnfy cbmc. 

Truitmt, I long havt hid WPf lavt, tmlnam 
A m/sT^I lo tktm 'I, mch ii my imaard imart 
Andyauabmt \nB»ti/ain) Iht mtanti d*t haam 
Tb keali Iht wound ^ my amaimii^ htart. 
Then siuti il ontly inyourfowtr doth Ut 
To»ill,artat^Ohhtlftl ortluldi*. 390 

• mlnrinted 
WitW- a 



y '^' 


* Hit geotlj «nid Love did tlrai n^ ; 

IfiryfarfaUuamgrUMd, aMdtituU^M 

Witkvta tmfMtkmtmt tu CtoMf 

And ham— IT, a^ dHi^m^Ufi*anmjmi. 

But ifi^fmd Out Smitayeu Amamd, 

I mmjt aft mrmr. (Sir) tur vmdtnlamd. 

Ii dMM uid plooi, H tbr Vll(tlt tbODCht, 

NoOuJtofbul; 'Us no dUiOMM ftre 

Which goa ■■ mMaa m it b qui^f bnaght : 400 

Bm M thy bcan^ pace, trtkkb lei not bee 

EcUpeed bf dtedolM «r tneltjr. 

Oh 1 ho« ihBll I nplr (quoth die) tlwa '■*( won 
Mjr loule, ud tbenfoce take th; victocT = 
Thy ejtt end ipracbce hMH mf heait o'teoome, 
And if I ibonld denjr tbee lotw, then 1 
M; idle ilioiild fBcle 1^ lanaeat, tat Ibu Gra 
Whidi ii kept doee doth bunie whli freaien ire. 
Vet doe not count my jreelding, ligfatneue in mc, 
Impute it rather to my aideol loue ; 410 

"Hiy pinning cairia|;e long 04^ did <rln me. 
And iJfuHing beauty did my iilung moue. 
Tliy eyes «bicii imv like lootlManei with Itieir mishl 
Tbe harden hearta, won mine to leaue mc quite. 

Oh ! I am rapt aboue the reach, uid hee. 

Of tliought, my soule alnady fccles the hlliir 

Of heauen ; when (iweete) my thoughts once tax but itacc 

With any clime, may I lose all happieeue 

Ii wishi for : but your bvom- here, and dead. 
Maji UitjMii Godsfeur Vngatut om mj ktad. 410 

Whilst he vaiipeakiofthii; bdiold tbeyr bte. 
Const ANTiA's Falber eoiered tbe roome. 
When glad PHiLrrvs ignoant of bit itate, 
Kiues her cheekes, more red then the leltlag Sun. 

Or dte. tbe monte bhuhing through eloudt of water 

To lee aaceoding Sol coogiatulate tier. 

lost as tbe goilty prisooei fearaful tfands 
Keadiiy his fuel Thila in the browet 

Etc from hi* mouth he tbe sod leolenoe ioMnm ; 430 
Socb was his state to see her £uh«T eome, 
Ncr witht for, nor expected, to tbe itrame. 

The Inrag'd old man Udt him no more 10 dare 
Such bold tDtmdance in that hoiue, lur be 
At any lyme with his km'd dan^ter thate. 
Tin he had gtnen bim tucfa aotbotltie, 

Bat to depert, since she her kme did diew Idm 

Was Uning deMb, with ling'ting tonnatts to him. 
This bdng knowne (o Uade PmuxaiA'nu, 
He cbearing hla fiieod, bidding ^^h" h f ^ fi<^ lean, 440 
And bf aoine letter hit giiea'd minde appeaae. 
And shew her that which to bo- biend^ ears 

Tyme gaoe no leane to tell, and that bit qulU 

Dedoret to ^i, ber abeoK toan't wUL 

The Lettbk. 

ITnat [dan lauUt my aiitna tanntt maut 
Far Hurt Hurt luty wuoMts Ai tu ym, I 
Would nWH IkroK^ Dtaik and all tkt miurit 
AA auld inficl. tkal ix Ou acrid wiifht say. 
In Lift and Dtatk I Im'd COHSIANTIA. 
71m Ut tut [dtartstnutti our aiituct ttvtr 
Our lovit, Ut Hum ioyu'd clostfy ttill tegtlhtr, 
Givt taarmik la out analkv, till Iktn riii 

Tkt laiif<sftefdfruib 1 kmi putitmt* (AewO 
Tktrt > ne man w»am lit Summo' fitatum gnU 
B^en lu tail tkt Winttr ; mnw CM uy. 
En Night watgmt, htiamtlu ritiug Dv 

This when Constantia read, Oae thought her ttete 
Most hapiMB by Phii^tvs' Conslande, 
And pcffect Lore : she thankes her flattering Fate, 
And never missing Cvpid 'cause that hee 

Hod pieic't her bean ; and thus shee writes agen. 

Vnfeyn'd affection guiding of her Pen. 


YOur aiiaui {Sit) IMeugh it h lang, yet I 
Ntithtr forgtl, ntr doubt your Coutlaiuit. 
Nor, Httdyoti/iare. thai I ihsuldyald vnto 
Another, what to your trut Lmn ii dui. 47a 

Aty hdorl ii ymri, it it not in my elaimt, 
Nor hatu /fmaer to gift it aaay agaimt. 
Thtn '1 naught tut Dtath can part our teultt, no tiuu 
Or angry Fritnds. shall maht my Lotn dttlint : 
Bui for tkt harvat of our hafts / 'It stay, 
fnltiu Dtalh ml it, ^t'ttt r^, OMf. 


Oh I how Ihlt Letter did exalt his [»lde 1 
More proud was bee of this llten Phaxtom 
When Phsbus' flaming Chariot be (Ud guide, 
Before he knew the danger wu to come; 

Or else then lASON, when itmn Coi,cuas bee 

Returned, with the Fleece's yicuxie. 

Bulerelhe/fK/KfeiK, which (aire CsRBScmwn'd, 
Had payd the ewettlng Flowman't greedleH pnjwi 
And by tbe Fell dianb'd the gawdy grMUd 
Of all her Smnmo amaments, they w«re 

By kind PnLocXATBS together brought. 

Where the; thU i - - 



Sm we MlttroK, Myd Philctvs, lince tlw t 
Pro[AkMU to our toWi, now ftia ti lean 
To entor our Ion*. IM «« aot deue ratlgne 
lUl LMg'd for bToar, dot our lelm bcnan 
OTopponiiiiilr, lot It S|rc agen. 
Further tlMn Lmc hub vlogi to bllMr till 
For iDben jonr Fatbo-, u 
For plettiure, doth pume 
If jaaliaort bM thtibcr, I 'le not mine 
To be in those Wood* read; for jon. where 
Wee mar depart In mietf , and no more 
WttbdrMmetofpleatureoiitly, he«leonr nre. 500 

Thlt bMli the pavpjr] l4>««i JV»<> INB. 
Bgt eie Iber pkMrf bee da^iei tte abas 
Would bl«Ne Ui inadr JMViqf wkh a ilMV 
From ber harmoaiaw rofc* : iImm doth •bmb 

To hU r e qu e at . tod doA tUa Dhty moc. 

WhoMtarlihtaK A'f/iF Mw firv to '■ old dtfk bt*V- 

The Song. 

■L Aiitfiallurs It thy vriiigj. 
Till Oy kait infying Mngi 
That vnsktfer aid apaUd Day. 510 

Comforts inmiutott Ihta ihall tit 
Tkngk at first it dark'ntd ta 
tViU daHgtri. yit Ikest Clouds tulgon 
Oar Day aill ful kis luslrt om. 

nn tiaa/A DiaA't sad siagU dM evm*. 

And wu IS silitKt iluf*, 

LaiHng day agm willgruU 
Oar rauiski Soalts, and tkm Iktn 'i nan* 
Can fart ^a mart ; tu Dtatk, nor Friends, 
Btiag diad, Heirfauxr e'tr vs tndi, 530 

Ttus tifrt '1 natking can disuvtr, 
Htarls loldck Lain hath* iqyiud legttktr. 

Feare or being aeene, Philetve bomnntrd droue. 

But ere they port >be wilUnglf doth £liie 

As fidthful pledge] of her coostani loue. 

U&ay a kisse, and then each other leaue, 

In giJefe. though npl with ioy thai tbey have found 
A way to beale (he lonnent of their wound. 

But ere the Sua through many dayei bad ran. 

CohstANtia'S cbartning beauty had o'lccome 53s 

OuiSCAKDO'S heart, nnd't iconi'd alTectJon won ; 

Her eyei, that conqueT'd all Chey ihone vpon. 
Shot through hl< ^tton eyes inch hot desire, 
Ai Dolbing but hw laue could quench tbe fire. 

In roofei, wtaich Gold and Parian itone adome 

Proud lU the Laudlord's minde, be did abound. 

In Geidi K) fertile for thcyr yearly coroe, 

At might contend with icorcfat Calabria'i groiuHl ; 
Bat in bii aoole that should be the bcR Mora 
OfniresiTicbei, bcwBibtMUtdpooce; 540 

U COHfTAMIt* nf'd « 

By ber 
Wbldi, « 

But loue too daapaVH aaaUd fci 

To be vorD* oat *M> thoBgfat «f any ■ 
Hv hther riiortty WMI Ma *e WMd 
To hunt, bit triw4<BTMOWPObalug tha 

who hy fin 
Vmo COHtTAMTtA'a ■■ 

Alyadnere; (I 


Pui»K tbeir game, nuicrv* b«li« laM 
Hid in a *li*M. euilaa flltniCM Hrar 
Hit lone, and haHMi Ul «mic4Mty te& 

Tlat COOK M{i>] MOM *p0B him, aM Id 

£ctipMd WM iMfcre H IMy *rae. 

For wboi CotnrAtmA't mined, la a mai 
Eadt takei a leuaail course, and by carat 
OvifCAXDO Tom, with ■ looe^arried pace 
Tovrarda them, wbo little knew ' 
So hee tike bold leans, loarhig hye. 
To Honor, fell to the depth of misery. 

n Ouisc:abix> m 

PnlLiTVl, wbo sndi fortune dl 
And with hii darning iword a way doth tSnd 
To hi* heBrt, who eie tliat death poxieat lilm qa 
In tbeaa few words gaspl out bli flying s|>lta. 
OiMCOMlTMmA, mf ikarl ratt it rammt. 
Si Mew my Hand tin i U i iti t givim d dM* di, 
Bui Hut Ikon kaffttr Iktm Iky Letn ktk dim. 
Andwkmi I'ntd—d. ttUnM lamMmi apan mi. 


Ih nw, OA mj dmn ftrwdl. 

As aoone a* be had •{ 
From'i wotmded body, whilst ConiTAirnA, «be 
Kiuea bis Aeeke* ihM loote their Itady red, 
And bacome pale, asdwiM. nd now eadi ^e 
Which was *o bilghi >(i9 libel ^en U^ «» don 
Afalltn tt m-n, wow nHf M d Sunnt. 
Thftfac PHfLOCRATKS by's falc belBg dpooe 
To accompany Pwnvrvs 'nagedy, 
Sedng hi* fiisid was dead and sorrow fu ll la>e 
^E weeping ore hi* Ueedlng body. I 
Will now rem^e your death latd bee 
Or in your mmtber beare you company. 

I am by love sent to rennge this bt«, 
Nay, *tey GuncARDO, tbiiifce not hrawanln^, 
'Tls vaine to hope ll^t can secnn thy state. 
Then thnutlBg 's swonl into the ^^llakle'l bfcal. 
Here, laid PHn.ocaA-rEa, thy We I sad 
A tacriftce, t' appeaaa my slaugfater'd frMnd. 



Bui ai he falls, bcre take mraid, laid hoe 

Pot tUt Ihf victory : with tbal be flung 

His daited rapier at his enemy, 

Whkh hit fail bead, and in bis braine-psn hung. 
With that he bUel, tnt lifdog vp his eres. 
Farewell CONST aktia : that wtird said, bee diet, (oo 

WlM •UU ihee doc? she to ber Brolbei miuiei, 
And '■ cold, and UleleaH body doth imbiBce ; 
She calls to him, hee caimol beare her moanes. 
And with bei kisses wannes hi* clammle face. 
Uy dtan Philocbatu, sku lai^ngcTja, 
Sftakt /D tkf Sitltr ; bat no vojce r^ljes. 

Tttta runnini to ber Lone, with nutnr >. teare^ 

11111 ber mind's fencal {Midon ibea exprett, 

O May (blest Soul) itay but a little hoc, 

And we wtD both bast to a lasting reM. 6io 

Then to EHiium'i Maiuloni both tocBtber 
Weele journey, and be married Ibere for ever. 

Bui when she mw they both were dead, quotb she. 

Oh my Philetve, for thy sake wiU I 

Make vp a full and perfect Tragedie, 

Since 't vras for me {Deare Loue) that thou didst dye ; 
I 'le follow tbee, and nol thy losse defdore, 
These eyes that ax Ihee kill'd. diall see no more. 

It shall not sore be sayd that yon did dye, 
And Iby Const ANT1A Uve since thou wast slayne ; 630 
No, no, deaie Soule, I will not stay from thee, 
But constaht been in act, as well as Name. 
Then pierdng ber sad bren. I come, shee ayei. 
And DtatkftiT ttitr clos'd ittr mt^ng tf$s. 

Hei Soule being fled to it'i Etemall re*t. 

To th' eaitb, with giiefe too great to be eiprem : 
Whose dolefiill words my tyred Muse me calls 
T o'repane, which I might gladly doe, for feare 
That I should loyle loo mudi, the Reader's earc 630 





H I S T O R I E 


P I R A M V S 


T H I S B E. 

By A. C. 

— -fitfuraUus Arior. 


Printed by B. A. and T. F. for Hekry Seile, and are to 

be fold at his Ihop at the Signe of the Tygers-heaA 

in S'. Faults Church-yard. 



To the WorshipM, my very loving Master, 

Chide Schoole-ouster (^ WcttmiBBtcT-Schocdfe. 

IkK YtMiUish Mtm it in her S^ri^; a^iytt 
Can tmefy sktw some budding o/ktr Wit. 
Oil* frvtttu MpoH her Worke {Uanii Sir) from y<m ; 
Like seme vnUiider itorme ihotfromyour bmo. 
Would fume her Spring & withering Antumne's time: 
And make ier StonoattB ftrith, ere their Prime; 
But if you Smile, if in your graeicus Eye 
Shee an auspidous Alpha can descrie : 
Hew scone wiU tkty grmo Fruit t ffow teill theyfhurish 
That had such ieames their Infande to nourish. 
Which being sprung to ripenesse, expect then 
Tlu best, and first fruiies, of her gnUefuII Pen. 


Abraham Cowley. 


The Tragical Historic 


P Y R A M V S 


T H I S B E. 


Hen BakilM'i Mgh Wdb MMUd wk 

Bf Hjfli^ NiMva wife ; mohmattieym'd. 
Qat Dbmbk Ur'd io, PiRAnvfteCdn 

b- MaMer*! mlnde. 
Thubi all olber acoMii did eiccil. 
The Qoeene of Loie, leue lovaly ni than ibce : 
And PtBAWiU nxn fmt (bw longw can lell. 
Nature grew proud In Inmiqg them lo well. p 

But Vbnvs eai^liig lb? xo bbt Aonld bee, 

Bldl her >onne CvpiD shew bis cnieltie. 
The an-anbilvi(« Ood bit bov did bead, 
And doth prepare bii inoR remoraleue dan. 
WUdi he ynceepe vnto fittyi beaxtg did leod. 
And «o wM Loge the cuue of Beautie'i end. 

But ooidd be *ee, he bad put vrongbl titejiiamt ; 

Fer pllf tore, would haoe o'recome Ui bran. 
L4e u a bird a HI? ii taioe, 
Bf MragUng mpre entanflas in the giinse, i 

So tber who in Looe's Laborinlb renuiqe. 
Wilb ibrhiing neuer can a frecdiHiu: gaioe : 

The wq> 10 enter 'a broad ; but being lik. 

No art, no labour can on txii win. 
These Loqe^, tho^h theyr parents did leproue 
Tbeir fires, and wnicli'd tbeic deedes wilh iealoujle. 
TliODCh In these slorm«a do c<^n(on could remoue 
The miotu doubts and fearcs thai coole bot loue : 

Tboogh he tioc hen. dot the bis face could see. 

Vet this did not abolish Loue's decree, 
FW age had crackd the wall wbidi did tbem pan, 
This the vnajumate coitple soone did spye. 
And heere their Inward sorrowei did itnpail, 
Vplading the sad burthen of iheyi heart. 

Though Loue be blind, this shewes he can ducrie 

A way to lessen his own misery. 

OHIO dM (rieadly eraony they resort. 
And leede themseluei with the cteleatiaH ayre 
Of odoriferous breath ; do other ipoit 
They oould enioy, jret tbinke the dme but shon : 
And wish Ihal it again renewed were. 
To sucke each other's breath for eucr there. 
Sometime* 'they did eidaime agniDst theyr &te. 
And somettmes they occns'd imperiall Jove ; 
Sometimes repent tbeyr flames : but all too lale ; 
The atrow could not be recold ; theyr state 
Ordained was first by lunras abooe, 
And Cdpw liad appointed they should Icue. 
Tbey curst the vratl diat did theyr Ussee pan. 
And to the Mones theyr dirioious words they lent, 
Aslf they saw the sorrow of theyr bean. 
Am) by tbdr learei coaM Tttdcmtand theyr smart 
But it was hard, and knew not what Aey ment. 
Not with tlMTT dghsfalas) would it relent. 

: Cin'dviall, Omif 

Tbit IneOiM 
Will Hum M 
Bmia Oana alt Iky Hinty cnullj : 
Fer ieti tur mtlti se clattfyjey»4d lii. 

Thai ncngkt <*>/ angry Dtaik com tJum nmuu. 
Ami Itn^k ^part ^tm, ytl tktfl MUtI atom. 
Abortive teares from their blre-eyea straiEht flow'd. 
And dimm'd the lovely splendor of tbeir sight, 
Wbkli Ksm'd like Titaji, whilst some walty Cloud 
Ore.ipreads his bee, and hisbrtgbtbeames doth shrowd 
Till VbspbS chat'd awaj' the conquered light. 
And forteth tbem (though loath) to bid Good night. 
But e're AnxoRA Vsher to the Day, 
Bq^ with welcome lustre to appeaie. 
The LoTcrs rise, and at that cnilinie they 
Thus to each other, their thoughts open lay : 
With many a Sith, many a speaking Teare, 
Whose griefe the pitying Morniog blusht to beare. 


Diar Lent {qakb fOJiMn) l>m lamg tkall mm 
LUu/aina Plamm, lUtgaOut'd im Iktir Primt. 
WaiUfrtdimijHmtk, and bt a*mit^tjhi, 
TUt m irmaiU {at bif) imr Crwtltyt 
Vfem DM- m/m>, fir Btauly Heugi it lUmt 
Liit Day, ^gUI qttitktfjt*d an Svt/tiug hau. 

T»trtfin{t»taTBmE) bt vj mttt Mi lagkt 
AtSlVVS Tomtit, mliout lit Cilywaa, a 

ymdfr tit Mulitrrit-lnt, vntk Btrria nkitt 
AimimliHg, litrt I' tnjey «r laisKd ttiigtU, 
For mmtntinf Lavt tiefftin Idtttmti, &H/aU, 
And laigdforyit vntaittd Itf, luUt all. 

Whai though oar cmdl parenti ugiy bee ? 
What though onr friendi (ilai) are loo mkliid ? 
Time DOW pn^tknu may ukon den;, 
And Aoono hold hockc fit opportunitj- 

Wka till ilip PBTtuHt. /Ur ihalt ntotrJLnd. 

OteatuM oaa faii'd iji, ii tald itiind. gi 

She >oone agreed to that which he reqnir'd. 
Far liHtt Woeing nudi. token tolA cetuati f 
What he so long bad pleued, ihe desir'd : 
Which Vbhvs seeing, with blind CSaiut conipir'd 
And many a charming accent to her sent, 
That Ihe (at last) would friuliate their intent. 

Thus Btamty ii tqr Beantle'a iT>nan<ii nidiM^ 
StriulDg; to close these eye* that make her bight l 
lun like the Moone, which aeekes t' edipie the Sun, 
Whence all her splendor, all her beamea doe come : loc 
So she, who felcheth Initre from thejt sight. 
Doth puipose to destroy tbeyr glorious bgbL 

Vnto the Mulbtrrit-tra aweet TxiSBB came ; 
When hauiag rested long (at iaat) ibe 'gan 
Against her PiRAUVS (or to exdaime, 
WhQst various though ti tuimoile ho- trontded btaine. 

And imitating thus the SilTer Swan, 

A unit vAilt tffi>rt Dtath tkm lamg. 

COmt Loot, niy Oaytil IHaii f TMt nigU 
fViU nuul, t'rt ntt taiU dtligkl : i lo 
Tkt Memu oticum tur iti/t frsm HgU, 
TiM* atttnt, aiest lyagivt ktr ligil. 
Cvwtt tuicify Dtart, it iri^t ai limit, 
Ormij Memt shall it e'rOmxt, 
Lmt) Ii^i Mnt atmii at mil as miisu, 
Sftmd sul Otrtfirw, Hau in vaiiu. 

Heere donbtfnll thoughts broke offhs- pleasant Song, 
Against her Lone ; tor staying, ibee gan crie, 
Hei PiBAuvi shee thoogfat did tarry long. 
And Ibat his absence did her too much wrong, lao 

Then belwlit longing hope, and Jeatoude, 
She feaies, yet 's loth, to tai Us loy«ltie. 

SometiiiMB abc thlnkes, tlMt he 1m^ hs ftsnakco ; 

SoBMtiniM, that dangv hath beUbn tobbni 

She fiam that ha anotbo kxH taatli takoi ; 

Whldi bdng bat iaagtn'd boom doth wakn 
Numboleaae thoughts, wUdi no har hean iloe fing 
Feana, that ber iiitnre fate too tiwdy tbtg. 

While )bee thai mubv sate, tanne from the wood 
An angi7 Lyon to the criiul Springs 130 

Near to that place ; who oootng Adb Ui faod, 
Hild . 

Swiftv then Oot^, ! 

To flye from Um ; feat« gaiw bt* SwaDmrti' wiogi. 
As she anoids the Lion, har derire 
Bid* her to May, lest PmAHva ihould oone. 
And be deuour'd by the starae Lion's in, 
So sbee lor eoer buine In Tnqnesidi'd lire : 

But ieare erpells all nanos ; due doth run 

Into a dariuoaw Cave, nee're m m by Sim. i 

Wth hast she lei her looieT Mantle &n : 
Which wbea th' arngad Lioo did eq^e. 
With bloody tMth be ton t, tn peicea saall. 
Whilst Thkb tan and kuk'd not faadw at all. 

For could the senceleaM beast her fsse deacile. 

It had not done hat mtft an b^my. 

The idght balfe wasted, Pieahts did come ; 
Who seelog printed In Ibe subtil sand 
The Uan's paw, and by Ihe foimlahie some 
Of Tbibbe's gartDsit, sorrow strooke him dtnobe : I 
Just like a marble statue did bee stand. 
Cut by some skiUnU grauer'a cunning hand. 
Recovering breath, 'gainst Fate he gan I' adayme. 
Washing with teares the toma and bloudy weed : 
I may. aayd bee, my selfe for her death fatame ; 
Therefore my bloud shall wash away that shame : 
Siiue tktt is dad. tnkott Btaulf detA aatd 
All thatfraili man can rylitr itan er rtad, 

Tiis ipokt, it kii iharfi Svurd drrmt, anduyrd; 
Rttiivt tiau miy nd ilmd. at a imt dtil v 

ynle Oey aiulant Lent, to vkitA 'Hspayd: 
I itraiglU will mitti tka in tit fltaiam siadt 
O/ceott Elysium ; wktrw att itimg mul, 
Skall tasit lit /ayts, lial ktrt tot leuld net gtt. 
Then thorow his bnsi thrusting his sword, Ulc hies 
From blm, and he makes hast to vtAk his faire. 
And as vpon Ihe crimsen'd groond bee Ilea, 
Hia blood spirt'd vp vpon the Mnlborles : 
With which th' unipotted berries stained were, 
AndtntrsiiKi wili Rtdtktf abmr'dart. 
At last, came Thisbe from Ihe den, for Idve 
Of disappointing PraAUUS, being she 
Was bound by yromaK, for to meets bbn there : 
But when she n» the berriea changed were 
From irtdle to blacke, she knew not cenaliMjy 
It was the place where tbey agreed to be. 


AND rmsBE. 

Witb what dellgtit fttmx the diAe cum die came, 

Thfnkiiig to tdl bow ihe etcap'd the baut ; 

Bm whcD ihe nw her Pikakvs 13e alaine 

In wluu pcrpleiitj did ibe nd mmUM : i8o 

She team ha Goldtn hobc, toA beaus bcr braH, 

AS signei ofracIiiB ntTtnrlbe expresL 
Sheoiec'gBintt ndglUrJoTX, and tha doth lake 
Hi* lilmllini. bodf frmn tbe moist'ned grcnind. 
Sbe klases fall pale face, tQI ahe doth auJoe 
It Kd wHh Uiftng, (ad then Mde* to wake 

HiipaitlnKloale with rooumfbll words, and '■ wound 

Waibe* wHh team, which her nreet speech confound : 

{Atai)ii>iatelumt*kalhparUdllittaiidIt 19a 

O ItU wiat nuU iaa it/dOai to Out, 
That <^agi Dtaik I may a Parintr Ut: 
Ten Tbisbb, wh«il hath cuu'd thli Tracedie. 
He healing Thisbb's name, Ufti Tp his efe. 
And on his Lore be rals'd fall dring head : 
When Mtirlng long for bnath (■« last) lafd bee, 
O ThiSBB, / am kaitiag la lit dtad, 
AndaumolimUaat Wmmd my ftan HaU irtd : 
FartaiU, iw—l ThiUe, na matt farUd ta(, 
Far angry Dtatk will f ant mi get frtm Tktt. aao 
Life did from him, bee from bis Mtstiin pan, 
Leaving hit Lore to langolBh beere in woe. 
What shall shee doe 7 How shall die ease* ho- heart 7 
Or «rlth what language speaks her inward smart ? 
Vsnrplng paudon itaion dolh o'lcflow, 
Shee sweares that with her PrxAMVs she 1 goe. 
HieniakMtheSwOTd where with he Lore was ilayne, 
With Ptxamts hli eilmsoD Uond warroe still ; 
AndMjd, Okittrf,(bUilSeuU)lkalii)mmlwiaiu 
May got I^Uur, mjurt wa siall rtmaiiu aio 

/h miltist leya, amd nttar/tan tit ill 
(^ grnd^Mg Fritmii : Then ihs her wife did kUI. 
To tdl what griefe their Parents did snstainc, 
Were more then my iiide QuIH can orercome : 
Many a teare they spent, bnt all in valne, 
Fer wttfimg cells lut taci lit diad agaiiu. 
They both were tayed in ooe Grave, life done, 
And these f^ wotdi were writ vpon the Tombe. 


7W» sbi«M Lmt, Dtati could net UMr, 
Ftr Mi ti^d Mi d/dlegtiir. 
7\ao wkait Svnlii, MHgtoe divimi 
For tarOt, in titir im Sf heart wnr liiiu 

Wht kavt Itft thiir Itniti la Famt, 

And tktir tarlh la . 





The Death of the Rigbt Honounble 
DvsLKY, Lord Carlkton, Viteount 
DoxCHCSTKx, kte Principall Secretarie 
of State, 

THE infimall Siitm did a CevtatU tail 
Of all Iht Fiindi. lo lit ilackt StT^an Hall : 
Tki dirt Tartarean Mamiltn, haling Bghl ; 
Bfgul ty ditmal EsBBUS, and mgil. 
Whtnsoin diiftrs'd inroad, htaring Iht Famt 
Of litir atatnid mittit^, liilhtrcami, 
RcvxHOB, vhait grmfy mindt us Blood can fill. 
And Eovle, lumr sati^Ud viHi iU. 
Tiilhtr Hind Boi-DKUSS, and imfaHtnt RA,ai^ 
Fttortd, with DtatKi ntigitomr, tnviouj Agb : 10 

And iftiungiri diitaiu, vihtnie^n 
Thtn xeandring, al thai Sinalt frtitni tain. 
Whom to tpfrtist Iht Barii, Iht Furiti ant 
Te ^art til GmiUi, vti tin Innecml. 
Tht Cmui/l thtu dituhid, am angry ftoir. 
Wheat gtuMchUsst tMnl. fy Blood aai taUd ntvir : 
Envying Iht Richa. Honour, Gnalniiit, Loot, 
And Vtrtut (Load-stont, whieh all titst did moit] 
OfNatlt CaklbToN ; him tht tooht away. 
And lihi a grttdf Vnliur uaii htr prty : n 

Wi^ nrith mtt tach who tylitr rtadt or h*artt. 
And know hit hat dtitruti hit Coimtri£t Uarti ; 
Tht Muses last a Patron ty Us Fait, 
Vbtue a BnOand, and a Prof Iht State 1 
SOL'B Cioms wttptt, and to adomt hit Htrtt 
Caixio?* teonld sing a Trogitlt virst. 

Audiad Iktrt bin btfbrt no Spring 1^ titirt, 
Tity would havt madt a Helicon niSt iiWr tern. 
A. C, 


Da^k i^mjf lavh^Ftiead and Omsm, Mr. 
Richard Clkrkb, tate of LntcoLKBS- 
Inne, Gentleman, 

{Tht WorldfromCtMMlicm'd) that all should Dii. 
He who duni fiarliai fatst ilach AoheiOD 
Anddangtrs ifth' isrftmal Region , 
Ltading Hilts tr^U Porttr caftivale. 
Was futrtomt iinutffi, ty eonfturing Pott. 




Tlu Soman TvLLIz't pltaiing Blefuiut, 
HnUti im tit Bora did Ifti uf tvtry Smet 
OJtIu raft tuartr ; Hi wuUiJIaoia trtalk 
Cffuld %at at atl ckamu aKrtmcn^lUl Doitb, lo 

Not Solon, » iy Qtttxt admit'd, eeuld lain 
Himsilft, aitk all Mis tViadetu. from lit Grant. 
SkTK Pall hroaght MAKO ts kit FtHuralljUiattt 
Aid vxmld havt tndtd in Ihaljln kit Pawu : 
Btmting thou Itfty Liati, vMti »aw liatt it 
Timt'i teafutrwt, and ent-lait BltrniHt. 
Bvt» w lav'd CLiEKK^vn Dtali tu itapt ce»Ujlnd 
Tia^ arm'dttiU great AxciDta' valiant mind. 
J/tt tool adam'd in jnam, tAomgi/arrt mart yciatg, 
IVil* Itamtd CiCZKo's, or a imtttr Tengia, So 

And could dtadWitaa. Iitart kit ltft<f strain, 
Ut ana/if tatAmni kit tamt lajlr* againt. 
Hit jauik a Soiav's Wiidomt did frtiagt, 
HadtnvioHi Time intgivtn kim Solon's agt. 
And all Oat in mr Aneiilori talk Hn 
Of any ytrlut, tarik new IttI in Aim. 
Wia would not tktn/ort noa i/Ltamin^t/ritnd, 
Btwayli kis/atall and tintimtly end : 
Wka katk luek hard, mck anrtUnling Byts, 
As not to waft wktn IB Mtuk ftrlnt iytt f 30 

Tkt Gtd of Poeu iaik in darkntssi skrvwd 
Hit gtorioai fact, and vittptt ieiind a Cloud, 
Tkt doltfnil Mwet tkinking now to tarilt 
Sad Flcgiea, Ihtir Itartt canfonnd Iktir sigki : 
But kim to Eliiyam'i lasting loyts tk^ bring, 
Wktn wimgtd AngtU kit lad Resuicmi sing. 

Abkauam Cowlev. 


PHCXBVS cxpnb'd bjp tbe apprOBCfaing Night 
Bloih'd, and for shame doi'd in his bashful! light. 
WhUa I with leaden MaaPHBVS overcome, 
The Hiue, whom I adoie, eoter'd Ihc nnmc 
Her hayre wilh looser cuiioiilie. 
Did on her comely back dishevel'd lye. 
Her eyes with such altiactive bcaaty Bhooe, 
Ai might have waii'd sleeping Ehdvhiok. 
Sfaee bid me rise, and promii'd I ihoald see 
Those Field*, Ifaoae mansions of Folidtle, lo 

We mortals so admire at : Spealdng thus. 
She lift* me fp vpoo wlng'd Pegasus, 
On whom I rid ; Knowing where ever she 
Did goe, that place most needs a Tonple bae. 

No sooner was my flying Courser come 
To (he blest dwellli^ of Blytium ; 
When straight a thousand vnknowae Joyea resMt, 
And bemm'd me round : Chost love's innocuous ^ort. 
A thousand iweeu, bought with no following Qall, 
lojres, not like ours, sbori, but perpetualL ao 

How many objects chaime my wand'ring eye, 
And t»d my soule gaie there etetnally ? 
HeeM in Aill Kreanies, Bacchvs thy liquor flowes, 
Nortaioweftodibe: heere Iovb'e bnwl Tree bestowes 

Distilling Hooy, beere doth Nectar pasM 

With copious CDiTeni through ibe vaidant grasae. 

Here Hr acintS bis bte wrft in his lookei. 

And thou Narcissvs looing still the broofces. 

Once loDely boyes ; and Ads now a FVnro', 

Are noorish'd, with that rarer herte, whose power 31 

Created the war's potent God ; becre giowa 

The spotlesse Lilly, and the Bhiahing Rcae, 

And all tboae diuen «roaincnl* ahonnd. 

ThM vaiiouaty may paint (be gawdy gnnad. 

No WHkiw, aonrowv's garland, there bath noma. 

Nor Cypieus. sad attendant of a Tonbe. 

None tiut Appollo's tree, and Ih' Iiie twine 

Imbndog the stoat Oake, the IhiitfbB Viae, 

And tree* with golden Apples loaded downe, 

On whose bire toppes iweel Philohbl alone, 4 

VnmfaidfDl of her fimter misery, 

Tunes with hs roiee a lanishing Harmony. 

Whiln aO tbe wi ininu fcig braolcet that glide along 

U«ke vp a boitlien to her pha^ng song. 

No Scjitch-owla, sad companteo o( tbe nl^t 

Or hideous Rauen with [aodlgeMa Sight 

Pietnging fotute OL Nor FngM, (hee 

Yet spotted with yoong Itii * (i«g«dy. 

Time Sacnd bowen reodae. Tbere'i nothing 

Taming my greedy sight another way, 

Vnder a row of stonne-cootemning Bay, 

I WKW the Tbradao singer with his tyre 

Teadi llie dcab stones 10 faeare him, and admire. 

Him the whole Poets Chorus compai'd round, 

All whxn the Oake, all whom the Lawrell crown'd ; 

There baniA'd OriD had a lastliv hosue, 

Better tfaCD tbon oouldit ghw IngiBlefull Rome; 

And LvcAN (spjght of Ncm) in each nine 

Had euery drop of hi* iptll blood a^sina : ( 

HOMU, SoFi first home, wai not pom or bUnda, 

But Bw as well in body a* in minde. 

TULLIB, graue Caio, Solon, and the rest 

Of Oteeoe'i admir'd Wisonen, here posaest 

A large reward for thdr past deeds, and giine 

A Ufe, u euerlosting as [heyr Fame. 

By these, the valiant Heroes take their place. 
AH who stsne Death and perils did imbrace 
For Vartue's caose. Great Alsxakdke thete 
Laughs at the Earth's small Empier, did wesre ; 

A nobler Crowne, then tbe whole world COUU gio*; 
There did HoBATivS, COCLXS, ScETA Itve, 
And valiant Decivs, who now freely cease 
From waire, andpurduue an Etetaal peaock 

Next them, beneath a Myrtle bowre, iriMra Doves, 
And gsn-k«*e Pidgeoni bnih ibeyr ncats, bH Lo«e* 
Fafthfttll p w s ererga with amorons kisses. 
And soft Imbrnces, taste thdr greediest willies. 
LXANDEK with his bsoutious Htxo playM, 
Nor Bie they parted with drridiag Sea*. 
PoiciA injoyea her BxirrvB, Death no mere 
Can now divorce theyr weddtac, as bdoK. 



Thisbe her Prexim kUi-d, hta Thkbi hee 

With thai my Bring Mrue I thought to cla$pe 

Wilbin my armes, but did a Shadow graspe. 

Tkia M^at Jva. glidi mtk IMi twiftal onamt. 

Eionall ditties to Sfsiani-i Kiog. 

AndaUmrgnaUtlFUaiuriihit aDnamt. 

Bat lee bow soone tboe plcunres bde awar, 

Abba : Cowi^bt. 

How neere to Erentog ta delict's riion Day f 

For Ih- wMdifiiU Bird, tnie Nondui ol die Light 


Stnjght aow'd : and bD tluse nnidi'd from mj aght. 90 

Mr TBI7 Mue herBclTe fonooke me too, 

Mr grids ami wonder ..k-d : What should I doe? 

Oh! let me follow thee (wrd I) and goe 

tamcAOtiaBimxRiKDBUUfardm. Vale. 

From life, thai 1 maj DnuDC for ever so. 

H. a 



To the. Reader. 

REadcr (I knownotjKt whether Qende onto) Some, 
I know, hare beene angile (I dare not assume 
the bonotlT of tbelr enrie) at mj Foetlcall boldnes, and 
iiUimjj^ la mine, what commends other frulls, eariines ; 
olhtn, who an eithaof aTeakefaith, or strong malice, 
have Ihotight mee lilce a Mpe, which nevs sounds but 
when 'tis bknred in, and read me, not as Airaiam 
Caml0, box AnOertmaiuujrmiim : to the Gist t answer, 
that It is an envious frost wliich nEppes the Blouomes, 
because Atej appeare quicklr : to the latter, that hee Is 
tlie wont homkdde who strives to munheranolber's tame: 
to both, that tt is a tidiculoos follie to condemne or 
laugh at the starrea, because the Moone and Snone 
thine biighto-. Tbe fmall Bre I lure U tatbo' blowne 
then extinguished bjr this wind. For the Itch of Poesie 
by being angered increaieth, by rubbing, spreads 
farther ; which appeares fn that I have ventured upon 
thit second Edition. Whattliougiilt beeaegleded? Ii 

am inre, tlie fint bookt which haib lighted 
, 01 been employed by Cooks, and Groacers. 
1 all men's judgements it suAer shiprracke, it shall 

something content mee, that it hath pleased My selfe 
and lite Bookseller. In It you shall finde one argumenl 
(and I hope I shall neede no more) to confOle un- 
bdievers : which Is. that as mine age, and consequently 
experience (which is yet but little) hath encreased, so 
they have nol left my Poesie flagging behind them. I 
should not bee angrle to see any one bnme my Pyramui 
and TkiOt, nay, I would doe it my selfe, but that I hope 
a pardon may easily bee gotten for the errois of ten yeeres 
■ge. My CatulaiUia and Piittttu confessetb me two 
yeeres olds when I writ it. The rest were made thioe 
upon severall occaiioiis, and pcrtups doe not belle the 
timeof Ihciihirtfi. Such as they are, they were mated 
by me, but ihdr &te lies in your hands ; itlsonely you, 
can effect, that nrither the Booke-seller repent himselfe 
of his charge in [siniiDg them, Dor I of my Uxmc in 
Gompodng ihem. Farewell. 




S Y L V A. 


Digitized by GoOt^le 


' Sylva ' was first added to the 1636 edition (' second *) of ' Poetical 
Blostomes.' The title-page will be found opposite. A> with ' Poetical 
Blossomes,' the original text is carefully reproduced. — G. 


S Y L V A 



Made upon sundry occa- 
sions by A. C. 


Printed by E. P. for Henry Seile, 

and are to bee fold at his Ihop at the 

Signe of the Tygers-head in S. 

Pauls Church-yard. 1636. 


Digitized by GoOt^le 

S Y L V A. 

On his MajatUi returne out cf 

GSial Ckarla: thscMopTOil tnmpelenorEune, 
(For lie who ipeakei his tltlci, hit great nuns. 
Must hive B liK«tlilii( lime, ) Otir King : auy 

Tel'I b; d^reei, let the InqnliltiTe earc 
Bee held In doubt, and ae jou Mf ; h cam* : 
Let ever; bean prepare a ipadons roome 
For ample joyei ; then It ilng as loud 
As tbuudtf shot from the divided cloud. 

Let Cjptta plucke from the Araiutit waves 
The mby of the rocke, the pearle that paTcs lo 

Great Ntpbiiidi Coort ; let rmrj ipanow bears 
FroiQ the three usteti' weeplDg boike a tearc ; 
Let spotted Lynces theb ihaipe talloas fill 
With chiislall fetch'd from (he Premitkiaii hilL 
Let Cytktrta'i birdi frofa wreathes ooaptxe. 
Knitting tbe pale-fac'l lilly with the mw. 
Let the selfe-gotten nkoenlx rob Ills nest, 
Spojrte his owne fuiwndl pile, and all bii beat 
OF mTTThe, of ftanUnceasi^ of Caiiia btiag. 
To strew the waj tor our letnmed King. ao 

L«( erof post a Pam^yrieit weare, 
Eadt wall, each (Hller gratntatlou beare : 
And yet lei no man invocate a Muse ; 
The ver; matter will it seUe inliue 
A acred fuiy. Let tbe meny Bells 
(Pot unknowne joyei worke onknowoe miracles) 
Ring without helpe of Stxim, and prenge 
A new-made botydar for fature age. 

And if tbe Ancients m'd to dedicate 
A golden Tonple to propltioni Ikte, 30 

At theietnme of aay notde men, 
Of Heroes, or of Emperomi, wee most then 
Raise HP a double TrefJta; for thdr bme 
Was bnt the shaddow of our C/f^f Z,£,^ his ume. 
Who is there where all virtiies ningled flow ? 
Where no defects, no impofectlons grow? 
Whose head is alwajrs crown'd with victory, 
Soatcb'd from Btlhiui's hand, him luxury 
In peace debilitates ; whose tongue can win 
Tullit'i owne garbnil, to him pride ereepi In. 40 

On whom (like AllaJ ihotdders) the propt state 
[As bee were Primmm UbUU ol Isle) 

Solely relies, him blind amUtioo mores ; 
His Tyranny the biidled subject proves. 
But all those VBtnea which they aD poslest 
Divided, are i»llecled in thy breast, 
Gt^Wkarlu: let Ccmr boast ^Aarjo/i'a'j fight, 
HmKTius prayse tbe Partkia<i^ unfsyn'd flight- 
Let Altxtndtr call himselfe /mfi peere, 
And place his Image next the Tfaundan, 
Yet whil'st our Ckarla wiA equall ballance reignes 
Twin Mmy and Ailrta ; aitd mainteyita 
A noble peace, 'tis hee, 'tis.ondj hee 
Who is most nese, most like the Dettie. 

A Song on the same. 

HB<u* cbmdtd laakti. iatct M*f ttan 
Htna tyt, ikal sorrvwi's livtry «w. 

Wkat Ikimgk a wkili Apollo >&<im 

Ta visit Uu Antipodes } 

Ytt ka rthancs, and tmi* Hi tigU 
ExptlU, wkal Ma kalk caus'd, tit nigkl. 

IVkal tiaugk lit taring tianith amay 
And with it iMa tarlki/ormt dtcaj f 

Ytl alfs <ua Hrik it will niton 

W*at if] itpartan took* btfan. 

Whit Humgk vni wilt our aiuiU King 
Brrwkili r Great Charles is eemt agin, 
And, tuilh hisfnstnti main m inow. 

Tkt gratiludt to Heavtn tate ant. 
Se dalk a enuU stamu impart 
And liack ns Polinunu' art. 
Safrvm lailjlauds, la^itj axrejrii, 
A JByfttfl Venus datk aria. 


To whisper in yavi'i care. 
How much I wish that fnneiall, 
Or gape at mch a great one's bD, 

This let all ages heare. 
And tutore tyines in my soule's picture lee 
What 1 abhorre, what I de^re to bee; 



I woBld not be a l\iillmtie, though be 

Can pnadi two boom, and jret hit leniioD I 

But haUe « qaaner long ; 
Tlioagb &am hit old mechinleke tnda 
By Tiiloa hee 'i a Patior made. 

His faith woa frowne m itto 
Naj tboof^ he thlnke to gayne lalvatloD, 
By calling th' Pope the whore of BabjIOD. 

Prom roar Court Madam'i beaatj, whidi doth carry 
At moraing Uay, at night a lanuaiy, 13 

From the gnn dtty brow 
(For thoogh h warn an R, It hat 
The letter of PyUajiorai) 

Keepe me A fralnne now 
And chlnea of beefe Innumetabte aeod mee. 
Or from (be stomacke of the Gturd defend me. 

I wotild not bee a SiAoolenianer, thoogh bee 
Kit rodi no leiae then Fiuta ileeMM to bee, 

Thon^ bee In many a place, 
TWnet Littji (Atta then bit gownes ; 
Till at the Ian hee make the noimet, 

Fight with the teAia apace. 
Nay though bee oui to a Poeticke hcate, 
Flguiei, bone tlnce, ant of poore firgill beaie 

t would not bee lutlee of Peace, thei^ baa 
Can with equality dhide the he. 

And Make* whh hit Clarke, draw : 
Nay though hee ilt upon the place, 
Of Itidgemcnt with a learned face 

Intricate as the Law. 
And whil'R bee mulcts eDOTinities ckniurely, 
Ovakt Priaiait'i head with tan en cea Mcurely. 

I would not bee a Courtier, Aongb bee 
Maket bit whole life the tnieat Comedy : 

Altbongh hee bee a man 
In whoBe the Ttytar*! bnnlng Art, 
And nlraUe brbO' dayne more part 

Then Nature hcnelle con- 
Though, ai hee tuet men, 'tia his intent 
To put off death too, with a complonent. 

From LawTCTs' tongs, though tbey can spin with cat 
Tbe ihwtest cause into a Parapbtaie, 

From usmen' consdence 
(For twallowing up young berrei so fui. 
Without all doubt theyle dioakt at lait) 

Good Heaven ; and &om thy eyei, d (uitlce keepe. 
For though they bee not bUnd, they're oti allecpe. 

FVom Singing-men's Religion ; who are 
Alwayes at Church Just like the Crowes, 'came 

Tbey baitd iheoitelTes a nest. 
From too much Poetry, which shines 
With gold fat Dotbing'bul it's tines. 

Free, t you powcn, my txvM. 
And from A ttr oaomy within ttie slcyes 
Finds fith, and buUi, yet doth but TantaUae. 

This only grant me : that raj meanes may ly 
Too low for envy, for contempt too bigh ; 

Some bonom' I wmld ban. 
Not from great deeds, but good alone ; 
Th' ignoce aie belter then ill knowne : 

Roraor can ope the graTc. 
Aeqnaiatann I would hag, bet when '1 dqwndt 
Not from the numbs, bat the dioyie of frieodt. 


Then pallaoe, and should fitting bee 
For all my nae, no luiurie. 

My garden painted ere 
With ■ ■ ' 

Hfmtt might taaj tn hit Satiiu fidd. 

. II. 

Tbul would I danble my Uf**! bdfaig qiace : 
For hee that nma It wull, twice .runt hit raco. 

And ta thlt true delight. 
Tbete lubcofcen tpottt, and hafpy Hate, 
I would tntfeaie, nor with my fate, 

Bui boldly lay ea<dt alghl, 
To morrow let my Stmue hii faeamea display. 
Or in Cloudi hUe then ; / tew Wd tt day. 


A PottiatB revettge. 
' EiimiiaUr-HaU a frieod and 1 itfracd 

To meet in ) hee {bobs buiiaet 'tWM did b 
His absence) came BOt then ; I up did goe, 
To the next Court ; its though 1 eould not know 
Much what Ihey menl, Tct I mi^t see and beare 
(As most spactanra doe al T h eater) 
Things voy Mnage ; Pertane did eeeme 10 grace 
My cCBoinft Ibctc, •]«> belpt a« tO Ji place. 
Bui being newly aciied at Dw tpon, 
A Semy-gentleaaa of lb' Inaet Of Court 
In a Sattin luite, ledeem'd bait yenarday ; 
One who Is ravi^'t wilh a Cockpit play. 
Who preyes Ood to deliver hfa from no e*ill 
Besidet a Taker's biU, aad feares no IDeWll 
Betides a Serjeant, thruat mee (tom my scale : 
Atwhidi I gnu to^aanall, tiUaneaM 


Uan in K nine, (oboow tbeNfOn t did »he 

Fo BuTiMer) opoi'd hi* nMnth *ad ipake, 

Bof get jroB son, diUlineiciboda; Oh do: 

For if it wen, 111 jvasown'dfmwoutdcM ' 

Vp for biK L^llfu : liu!f.fpim «tnd(bt to bes - 

Ibccbu, I feard'du]' 'wi>iiM:lu«: brought oB bum 

Ad Action of Tretpaue. ifll' th' rowig laan 

Aforesaid In the SntUa <^M, begMi'^ 

To ilrike mee ; doabdcaic Ifaoe bad bsMin s Aay, ' 

Had not I providently ddpi^d awi; - - ' 

WitboaiTeplytngi<Eirl«MMUta«l . 

Where en^ EODBon't tha dai^MT of a Mm, ' ' 

And can ootKHmd Hnmtr'r Bra JKwi J/ M 

Awiy got I : bat tn I ten M goe, 

I flung (ihe Dart* «rwMMlHg/lMM4 ' 

ThcK two or three iliiii| ii naw ttackfe : nay baa ' - 

Bee by Ui FMber fai bii ■Mtr'MskA 

At,5 * iLtot > ia w' jHaLy«»i tnawadalmyl. dafc. ' 

May bee |ll gli al hia iii(lh(i |,iii>i in ■ ■ 

Into a SeigeHl^l, ol 

May be (fin 'tl*'*iHM lit k Lnwywf ' 

True Latin iwa 1« qi«Bk«i aveo «t the Bure '; 

May he become aome poore Pbysttlan^ piey. 

Who keepes men with that consdence In dehy ' 

Aa be hla Ctjeras deth, tHl hii hkalth be* 

As bire-fetdi'd as ■ Greeke NowTK'a pedigree, 

Nay, for all thai, may the-dhease'beegoiie - 

Never bnt in the long Vacation. 

May Neighboura lue all qaaireli to-dridda-; 

Bat if for Law any to ^MiJArrfde, ' 


Vnleue be come in Fermi Paaftrit. 

Qtaol lliii you Godirttat bvour'AvA^, 
That )o at loll iheie eeMctease tongoes may fa« 
BnMigfat Into refomniJoit, Bad not dare ' 
To quaiTdl with a fineadbara bEadc, but sinte - ' 

Them who beaie 8tiho11«3 ' namee, leit wme on 

To the Dutthttst ^ Sttckutgham,' 

IF I afaould M^, that la j*>nr fiun waeaeane, 
Nature's beat pictme oi the Cfprian Quaene ; 
If I ifaonld iweare under Mimrva't Name, 
Pati! {who PiopheU are) foretold your &une ; a: 

ne fiitiae age would Ihlnka it taltacKv 
But to the present, whidi can witneaae be; 
Twould leeme beneath your high dCMrU, ai &ure, 
Ai yon above the rest of Women are. 

When Ummri' name with VilhtH jaya'd I sec, 
How doa I mrcnoioe ymir Nobtmia I 
Bol when the Tertnea of ynar Moclte I Tlew, 
(Eovi'd in your dead Lord, admlf'd la you) 
1 balfe adore Ihem ; for wkat woman can 
Beiides youi selfe (n^ I idgbt «ay what man) ' at 
Both Sexe, and Biith, ajul Fate, and yecres exceU 
In mind, in &une, in worth, in living well ? 

O bow bad thii begot Idolatria, 
:r you had Hv'd in the Weild's inAwde, 
When man's too maOt KdigftM aade Aa bMt - 
Or Ddtles, or Semygodaal ka«t' - 
But we. forbidden tbi* by picUa. 
Qr, H «r« WB*«OM> ^V I'*"' ™"^^| 
Wm maka our heaita an Altar, and iiienyr^ . :. 
Nolto,batfaryau;'nwthat£iii&ia'ni^ 340 

Eqjc? yoareqoall, wbm ym once wa gna, 
Bnt what's more possibla, t'-v^oy yoQ foac- ' 

Ta his very muth honoured GedfaHur, 
Af<uierA.S. " 

ILove (for that upon the wings of Fame 
Shall pcriiapa mocka Death or tjmo'i Darts) my 
I Iov« h mete bacauM 'twat given by you ; 
I iote it moil because 'twaa your nam* too. 
For if I (ftance \o slip, aoooldoua ab*iiie 
Pludres me, and bid* nva not de&k your DAOK. 

I 'm glad that Otle t' wbaa I owM bdlire, 

(But ah me! liUe balb ooit that irillliig SCDre> 950 

A Father, gav« me a God&thet loo. 

And I 'm more glad becaiue It gave ne y«n : 

Whom I may lightly thlnke, and letsM to be 

or the whole Olie an ^ittomle. 
I thanke my cuehill fate which fotiad eat oat 
(WImh Nature had not licenced my tongue 
Farther then cryei) who should my office doe ; 
I thanke b^ more bec&xise she found out you. 

In whose each looke I may a seDiepee see. 

HowdHUIpaylUadriMtayoD? MyFate 
Denyes me /MVaa Fearle or Ptnun Plate. 
Whkb though it did not, to requite you thus. 
Were 10 ^nd Apples to AltimtUi, 
And sell the cunninga way ; No, when I can 
In every Leafs, in every Verae write Man ; 
When my Qnill lelisheth a Scbooln no nwre. 
When my pen-featbod Muse bath leaml to soaie, . 
And gotten wings as vsU as feet 1 looke then 
For equall ihaukes ftom my unwearied Pen : 
Till foture ages say; 'twas you did give 
A name to iM^ and I made yours to live. 

An Elegie oa the Death of 
M". Anne Whttfieid. 

With asm 
And 'tia ai difficult a laske to win 
Her travelling soole back* to its fonner Inae, 
As forca that bonre, fled wttlUMt tract away, 
Totume, aodstopthacuireBtofthad^, 


What, ahall wee weepe for this J and ckMth oar eye 
With Mnow, the Gnve'i nwumiiig L<«erie f >3o 

Or ihall wee sigh? and with that i»<mu wlnde 
DrWe fasto' on what wee ainmdj finde 
Too iwift for ui, ber soule 7 No : she who djr'd, 
Uke the licke Sunne, when Nifhl entombei hli ptide : 
Or IVees in Autumoc, what anseene decay. 
And ilow comumpiion steales Uie leans away, 
Without one murmur ; ibewes thai she did see 
Death ai a good, not as a mfierie. 

And lo ihe went (o undiscovered Fields, 
Prom whence no path hope of retuXDing yeelds. 390 
To any TiaTeller : and it muu bee 
Our solace now lo court ber memory. 
Weal tell how love wu dandled in her eye. 
Yet curb'd with a beseeming gravity. 
And how (beleeve it you that hcare or Itade) 
Beauty and chastity met and agreed 
In her, although ■ Courtier ; we will teD 
How foire hei nobk iplrit did eicell 
Her'i, nay our Sexe : wee will repeale her Name. 
And force the Letten to an Anagrame. 300 

fFAi^ffU wee 1 cry, ■od amorous windel thall bee 
Ready lo soaicb that word's sweet Haimonie 
Eie lis spoke out ; thus wee must dull griefe's sling, 
And cheate the sorrow that her losse would bring. 
Thus hi oat hearu wee'l buiy ha. and there 
Wee'l write, Htri fyii Whitfield tkt ckail. and fain. 

Art may no doubt a statelier Tombe invest, 

But not tike this, a living Monument. 

Ah Ehgy on tkt death of loha Littleton 
Esquire, Sontu and heyrt to Sir Thomas 
Littleton, who was drowned leaping inio 
the water to save his younger Brother. 

AND must these waters smile againe? and play 
About the shore aS they did yesterday ? 310 

Will the Sun court Ihem still? and shall ihey show 
No cODscioos wiinckle furrowed on their brow, 
That to the thirsty Travaylor may say. 
I am accurst, goe lunie some othtx way ? 

It Is unjust ; blacke floud, thy guill Is more. 
Sprung from his losse. then all Iby walery store 
Can give thee teares to moume for : birds shall bee 
And beasts henceforth afraid lo diinke of thee. 

What have I said ? my pious rage hath beene 
Too hot, and acts whilst it accnseth sinne. jao 

Tbou'rt inooceut I know, still clecre, and brigbt. 
Fit whence so pure a soule should take it's Sight 
How is my angry seale canin'd 7 lor bee 
Must quarrell with his love and pletie. 
That would revenge his death ; Oh I shall sione. 
And wish anon hee had lease vertuous beene. 
For when his Brother (teares for him I'de spill 
But tlicj're all chaUeng'd by tbe greater ill) 

Slmgled for hie with the rude wavea. hee loo 

Leapt in, and when hope no taint be^nu could ihow, 33a 

Hi* charity sboae moat : thou shah. Mid bee, 

Um with laee, EhWber, or I'le dye with thee : 

And so hee did ; had hee becse thine Rtmt. 

Thou wouldst have cali'd this deub a Uartyrdome. 

And Saynted him ; my consekuce gtre me leave. 

Me doe 10 too : if late will us bereave 

Of him wee honor'd living, thoe must bee 

A kind of r everence to his manntr 

AAb his death ; and where more just tbea b«e 

Where bfe and end were bolh so »infi^ t 340 

Of whkb th' one griefe, the other ImitaliDa 

Of all men vindicates, both admiraliau, 

Hee thai bad only lalk't with him might ind 

A Utile Aeadanji in his mind ; 

Where U'ii€Ji?wu. Afoi^tr was, and /'(Mnau all 

Which wee can good, which wee can vertuous caU. 

KtaioH, and Holy Fart tbe Proctan were 

To apprehend those words, those IhoughU Ihat erre. 

His learning bad outrun the reat of heytes. 

Slolne beard liom tyme. and leapt lo twenty yeares. 35a 

And as Ihe Sunne. though in full gloria bright. 

Shloei upon all men with impartiall light. 

And a good-mottow to the btgger Mugs 

With as full layes as to the mightiest KiHgi ; 

So bee, although his worth just stale might clayme. 

And give to pride an honorable name, 

With cvnesy to all cloth'd vertue so 

That 'twas not higher then his tfaougbu wen low. 

In 's body loo no Critiqiu eye could find 

Tbe unollesl blemish to bely his mind ; 360 

Hee was all purenes. and his outward part 

The looking-glasse and picture of his heart. 

When waters swaJlow'd manirin.! and did cheate 

The himgry worme of it's expected meale \ 

When gemmes. pluckl from the shoare by ruder hands. 

Retum'd againe unto their native sands ; 

'Mongst all those spoyles there was not any laay 

Could equall what th^ brooke halh stolen away. 

Weepethen, sad Floud ; and though Ihou 'ninnocanl, 
Weepe because fate made thee her iasirument : syo 

And when long griefe hath drunke up all thy stwe, 
Come 10 our eyes, and wee will laid tbea more. 

A translation of verses upon the B. Virgin, 
written in Latine by the right worth(pfu/l 
Dr. A. 


ONce tbou lejoycedst, and rqoyce for aver. 
Whose time of joy shall bee expired neFCt. 
Who in ber womhe the ttivt tfcvufftrt bearas, 
Let her drinke cemftrfi Atuit with ha tatti. 
You brougbl the word oljcj, whkdi did Impan 
A» HaiU, to all ; let us .i^h HaiU redait. 
From you Cad iav€ into Ihe world there came ; 
Our Eccha Hail» is but an emptie nanw. 380 



As unseene light did from the Father flow. 

How lo^ed HJTCi v« wHh thcii honie fiU'd. 

So did scene light finm Virgin itarU grow. 

From dWene flowrea bj CUmici, Bea distiU'd : 

When J/ow sought CM in a shade to see. 

How fuU the Cp/itt with hla InraU ii, 

The Fathd shade was, Ckriit the Ddtit. 

Which, what it onnot take, bj love doth Uue : 

Lett -s seeke fbt daf wae daAnes, whil'K our sight. 

How liill the fl/ww is with ber Brothers ray. 

In lighl finds dufcne). ai>d in daricnes UghL 

Wben ihee drinks up with thinrtle ort* the day ; 

How fUU of Gnet the (Pncu* dances are, 


So ftUl doth if^ri, of ft.d-. light appeare. 

It U no wonder if with Cnuif sbee 

On Ihe Prayte of Poetry. 

B«. full, who was full with the ZteVw. 390 

•yb not a Pyramidi of marble stone, 
1 Though high as our ambliion ; 

anmimi Umnt. 

The bU of mankind under death's ulent 

Til not a lotnbe cut out in btasse ; which can 

The quira of blessed Anetii did lament, 

Give lift to th' ashes of a man: 440 

And wllbt a reparation to Me 

But *er*e» only: the; shaU fresh appeare 

Bf him, who manhood joyn'd with Dalit. 

Wha'st there are men to read, or beare. 

How pvtefun diould Man's safelj then appeare 

When tyme sbaU make the luting bnsse deca;. 

r hinuelTe, wbon nietie can the Aiigtils cheare ? 

And eaie the Pyramidt away, 

BtMditla hi in mmlieriiui. 

Turning that monument wherein men inut 

AtaM came, and troopes of ud <<MM»J led 

Thdr names, to what it keepes, poore 
Then. SbaU the JIjMfty* remayne, and bee 
New graven in Eternity. 

Of/Vw/i triumph over it. 450 
What cannot vene ? when r*n«nfl» 0»:f*fl« tooke 

His Lyre, and gently on it strooke ; 
The tamied wooes tame dandng all along. 

To th' caitb, by woenuui's Mand sollidled : 

Li/t came >a too, and troopei of Gnuti led 

To th' earth, by woeman's/aifi soUidted. 400 

A« our lilb'i spring came from thy Ueaol wombe, 

So from our month's qnings of iby prayte shall come. 

Who did life's bleiiiDg glvt. 'tis fit that shee, 

And kept time to tbe churning song. 

With Qwuth (UTJne the Father doth protest. 

With artiOdaU paoe tbe Warilke A«, 

Heeagood word sent from his iioied breast ; 
TWM Ckriii: which Marit wiihont camall thought. 

Th' BImi. and his wife the /ty ftoi«, 

With in tKe better trees.— which erst had stood 

FMm the unfatbom'd depth of goodnea brought : 

Vnmon'd,— forsooke their native wood. 
Tbe Uwren to tbe PmIi hand did bow, 

Craving the honour of his brow. 460 

And evoy loving anoe embrac'd, and made 

With their ofSciom leaves a shade. 

As when soft weHwiiuli tirooke tbe garden Rose, 

The beasts too. strove his auditors to bee 

A sbowre of sweetei aiie salutes, the Nose ; 

Forgetting their old Tyranny. 

The breath givts sparing kisses, nor with powre 

The feaiefuU Hart neat to the £«» »me. 

Vnlocks the Virghi bourne of the flowrc. 

Soe th' Holy Spirit upon Marit blow'd, 

And from her sacred box whole river* Oow'd. 

And iitutt of tbe place, were there ; 

Yet loos'd not Ibine eteraall chastity. 

Who when their Uttle vrindplpes they had found 

Tby Rose's folds doe still entangled Ue.' 

Vnequall to so strange a sound, 470 

O'recome by art and griefe thq- did expire. 

HaWT. fi 1>"PW t*"*. *>«>* Wn*e ^^^ "«. 

Gad his great Sonne begot ere dme begunne, 

Mari4 in Ibne branght fonh ha little Sonne. 


Garf without Methtr. without PalMtr Man. 
Great ii thi* birth, and tis a stranger deede, 

Thai a pleasant poverty is to bee fre/erreii 

That Om no maa, then C*( no nifi should neede. 

before discontented riches. 

And (M blnudfe became to her ■ shade. 

ttiwgB de«xnt I who Is light's author, hee 

TlTHy a dolh gaudy T«g„j ravish thee, 
VV Though A'^rtoi/jlratsure-housc it bee? 

Wm to his creature thus a diadow bee. 430 


Tbdr dnU Md riMfT *tMnM an BM U aU 
Like otbo FlMdi. pQtU»Us 

Tb^ btn DO iLuice, doc wiatoo 
Na gMtle murauT, the lor'd ibore la cool 

No fill) inlaUu tbc ■• 

Nor am ii fsede die ndcfabdiliv wood : 
No flovK « bcitie li Dcve it fooAd, 

BdI a pcrpctnall wints MtTM tlke0ooi>^ 

Q/tn Die ft rtver wblch doth icome to abew 

Ad added bcautjr ; wboie decre brow 
Maj bee mj locJclBK-glaue, to Me 

Wbat mj face \\, and whal m; mind ibonld b«e. 490 

Het« wares call wavei, and gUde alonf in raoke, 

And prattle to Ibe smtting bauke. 

Here lad Kingftstun (dllbr takfc 
And fid] enrich the BrnAb with ailrer aeaioa 

i>«i)wi the firal ben* ot tto tetwlnf S[)riii(, 

Ob eadi aUa thrir ambrodcnr bri>| ; 

Hei« Zj'Uw waih, and glow more white, 
And Dagadills la ne thcBaattvea ddwbr. 

Thus I wooldwast, thiuendTnycardeiaedarei, 

And RoHn-rtd-brcits wliom men ptayse 
For ptoui birds, ^ould when I dye, 

Make both my nummmml and Ebgit. 

To his Mistris. 

Why doe yoo foodl; 1*1 
Pun lioDcns ore jour skin, 
Your skin tbal 's whiter bire ; 

Casting a du^iy cloud before a Maire? 

Why bcaias your necke a golden dlayne ? 

Did nature make your hayre in vayne. 

Of gold moil pure and fine ? 
With genunea why doe you thine ? 

I would ha*t an lUf iiittrit' pait^ 
Owe mora to A^ataMthen loArii; 

I woald not woe tha dres**, 

Far 'til not bnUdbici Diake a Court 

Or pompe, bat 'tis tbe KlDg's retort : 

If yttfittr downe powre 

HlDuelfe, and in a sbowre 

Hide socfa bright Maialit 

Lease then a jvUlm Mf i t cannot bee. 

On ike uiutrtainty tf Fortune. A tmuktiifit. 

LeaTe off unfit complaints, and clean 
From sighei your bivst, and fraa btacke clouds your 

When the Simae sUaes nat with Ui irMtad Ateie. 
And fbttUDB throwes an adverse cast for yoo. 

That Sea which ran with JVohu is. 
Hie Bcny Biuiwiidi will to nonow kine. 

The Sun to day ildes drousiliri 
To morrow 'twiD put on a looke mere fiyn : 
Laughter and sroanii^ doe altematljr 
Retume, and taena qion'i neweal w ' 

Til by the GmU appohitttl to 
That good bte should with m' 


Doth now onr the Noblest KrmamtTOgoe. 
And on the GaHt, and tbe Cxra lay 
The yoake vbtA tcota his Orim he had tane. 

Whom //aftna saw pooni and low, 

If Fonime knit amongst her play 
Bui •eriousDeise ; be shall againe goe home 
To his old Coimtiy fiume of yesterday, 
To tcoSii^ people no meane jeast becoDie. 

And with the cravmti Axe, which hee 
Had nd'd the world, goe backe and prune some. 1 
Nay if he want the fudl cold requires, 
With his owne FatMt he ibaU make biiufirtt. 



In ammendafion of tht timt we Kvt under the 

Xeigne B/ourgraeiotu King Charles. 

CVrat be'thot wretch (DcMh's Fkctor tan) who bronxbt 
Din Swoib into the pncefuU world, and XKOibx 
Smiths, wbo before could oaAj make 
Tlie Spute, the Plowihara, and the Rake ; 560 
AiU, In moil cniell wise 
Man'l life t'epitomlse. 

Tboi mm (fond men alas) rid post to th' grave, 

And cut those threads, which yet the Fatti wotJd vn 

Then Ckann sweated at hli trade, 

And bad a bigger Ptrry made ; 

Then, tbeti the siWw hayre, 

Frequent befon, grew lare. 

Then rtvmgt married to amUliom, 
Begat blacks Warn,- then aunr^f crept 01 
Thai limita to each field were sItsiD'i 
And TVrsuKU a Gtdkiad gaia'd. 

Besldea the Sea. no bound. 

In what Plajne or what River hath not been« 
Waire's kotj. writ in blood (sad story) scene? 
This truth too well our England Ttnowta, 
Twas ciriU slaughter dy'd her Kau ; 
Nay then her liUu too, 
WUb blood's knae paler grew. ^ 

Sucbgriefel, nay worse than these, wee now tboold fcdi 
Did not jut CAarikr silence the rage of st«ele? 
He to our Land blest peace dotb bring. 
All neighboor Countries mvyinf . 
Happy who did rsualne 
Vnbome till Ciarla his idgne I 
Where dreaming Ckimida It your paine and cost 1 
How is your oyle, how is your labour lost t 

Our CMarlti. blest Akfymiil (though strange, 
Beleere it fiituie times) did duuge 51 

The Irm age oToId, 
Into an age of S*ML 

Vpon tie thartnetse of Man's life. 

How It oot-ninne* thy htmtiog eye I 
VsB an perswasons now, and try 
If tho« caul call it bade, or stay It there. 

That w«y it went, but Aoa shall find 

No tract of' t left bdiind. 
Poole 'tis thy life, and the Ibnd Arckcr, thou, 

or all the time tbou'sl shot away fao 

He bid thee fetch hut yestoday, 
And It shaU be loo hard a toake to doe. 

Deiidea repentance, what nnsi find 

That it bath left bdiind? 
Our life Is carried with too strong a tyde, 

A doDbthtl] fiiiK^oui substance beares, 

And Is the hant of all our yeeres. 
Bach day doth on a winged uMrlf-mMil ride. 
Wit and OUT Gioju lua oat, and must 

Both render up our dusL 610 

Bat hit past life who without griefe can see, 

Who never thinkes his end too neere. 

But sayes to Famt thou art mine //tin. 
That i"«" extends lile'i natuiall hrevltie. 

This Is, this Is the onely way 

T out-live fftttvr in a day. 

Ah Anma- to an invUaiion to Cambridge. 


■ IttuOt. my better selfc, fbtbeare, 

Pot if tlMNi idst what CamMJgt ple«*nre are. 
The SckaiU-ter^i dnne will light on me. 
1 Shan In mind at least a Tnmt bee. 6m 

Tdl nK not how you bede your minde 
With dainties of Philaivfldt ; 
In Oviifi NkI I shall not finde. 
The taste once pleased me. 

leU me not of Lagick'i divene cheare, 

1 than beginn to loath our Cramtt here. 

Ten me not bow tbe waves appeaie 

Of Cam, ov how it cuU the Uanud Start, 

I «t"ii oontemne tbe troubled TJkama. 

On her chiefe Holiday, even when her streamet, 630 
Are with rich follie gmlded ; when 
The qmondam Dangieat is made gay, 
lust like the braverieof the men. 
And gnces with fresh paint that day. 

When th' Citit Oanta wfth Flagga and Pagtanti thwe. 

And Sattin Doubleli. seene not twice a yeeie. 

Why doe 1 May then ? I would meet 
Thee there, but flummtU bang upon my feet : 

Tls my chief widi to live with thee, 
But not till I de«rve thy oompanie. 

Till then wee'l scMne to let that toy. 
Some (buy miles, divide our beam : 
Write to me. and 1 thaU enjoy, 
Friaiikit, and wil. thy better pans. 
Though envious Forta** laiger hindrance bcingi, 
Wee'l easely lee eadi other : Lmt *aJi wingi. 




Love's Riddle. 


Digitized by GoOt^le 


■ Lovi^s Rtodlb' wu origiiuillr poUiahed In 1631. Prefixed «u m 
small poitnit of the Antboi^-OB wUdi, m bdbce, He onr Uonorial- 
IntrodoctioiL It U repradiKed in all fidelitr from the ^•'^]^*rr ht- 
queathed by Dr. Whewdl to Trinity College, Cambridgf^ by Oe Und 
pennisuon of Dr. W. Aldia Wri^ G. 





C O M JE D I E; 


At the time of his being 

Kings Scholler in fV*st- 

mintter Schoole, 


Printed by yohn Dawson, for Henry 

SeiU, and are to be sold at the Tygres 

head in Fleet-street over against 

S*. Dunstans Church. 1638, 


To the truly Worthy, and 

Noble, Sir Kenelhe 

D I G B I E 


TMii UUtr Agt. m Uu ef Tiwtt, hai Aiwmm, 
Fn>, UaUtmHwuuUMM PiDu art. Iktirvmm 
Bnt/ou, Gnat Sir, Iwe Lamrttt w Mrt, a»d «i 

CictorMw I'a AoM, oj tMll at War. 
Ltamingiy right tf Ctnfutsl ii yoitT amut. 
And retry tittralt Art f9»r Caftivt growmt. 
Ai ifn^lutid Seitnet (ftr il »vm 

WaHti iBwtt i^tii4*n\judfar haft la yau, 

Wlum I miatfaUem. and Ut Ikiijbr aut 
Antanuil of my futirt urwtt iu. 

Wlutk I ihetitdfeart la imdyim, did I tnam 
Your judgtminl oiuly, nalyamr Camdar laa, 
far Imaia WorU, itolut {Uumgkyim'Ujnilfy taii 

nil Play, aifend at lkaf)fnm Cat, or Bail. 
Had it bunt mriHtH tinet, I skaild, Ifoatt, 
Scaru iavt aittaiii'd/rvm a PUlasBfier. 

W/uti iy Traditian itn it llutigkt lo im, 
A natisaria Part in Camtdit. 

Harnmiltmyvnmt! aackUMafil 
BUrayt tki Ttm amd PUu* wlUrtt* Ami wrU'. 

T» tX Raadf, thai 'Anu dnu hU tH tOtr day. 
SuU at til M^wurfkasit aftrii. 
AI itiaaU, atcomiU fttmhaJI tt a Play. 
Tki tUU it lam, mcJt atym'U tadiy laM 
Par trtal a Svaiiu might tftait, aitd a Bty matt. 
Taht it, at tarty /miU, which ran a^tan 
Thaugk mat kalft ript, tut wortl i^aU Ik* yon. 
And i/itfltauyaur tait, my Mmu rnUl lay, 

Yoon in all obMfVMm, 

T/ie Sc<sne Sicily. 
The Actors' names. 

Clariana, ^Mer 

two old folk* of ■ Noble UaiSij. 

Gent, both in Inn wlib CalUdara, 



Uta Wifo. 


J thai DBnghter. 


an ucient CouDtrer man. 


his supposed DKOgbUr. 


a young Swalne In lave witb ^>laa. 


> m«ry Shepheard. 




Actus I. Scasna I. 

Enter Callidora disguised in man's afpartU, 

M Adds !£«(,]«« h«Te beeiu mytoontOfoac Muter: 
Where have jrou lead me 7 sure mj tnuut mind 
Hath taught my body thui lo muds' loo ; 
Faintneue and fmn snrpriie me ; Yee juit godi, 
If jee hare brought me to Ihii place to Kouiiga 
The roD; of mj love, (I might say madneue) 
Dopalch roe quickly ; send some pltlying ineii 
Or cra^ beast to find me ; let me bee 
Fed by the cme, or let mee feed the other. 
Why are these trees so brare? why doe they weare lo 
Such greene and &esb apparell ? how they smile I 
How tbdr (rood toppes play with the couitiiig wind i 
Can they behold me pine and languish hoe. 
And yet not ^ropathiie at all in i 
Doe they upbiald my kutowes ? i 
"niBl these thick braoches never scene t>elorc 
But by the Sunne, should lorne so much of man ? 
Hie trees ia Courtiers' gardeos, which are conscious 
Of their gaill(y] Mastoa statclinease and pride, 
TbemselTcs would pitiy me ; yet these— Who's Iho^ ? m 

Enter Alupis lining. 

Riu up Uau MMmfliU Sttaiiu, 

For 'Hi tul afeUf 

Te i€ mtianciety. 
Amdgit Iktt ti^fif* affiint. 

Cmu ling anajr tit ibgr. 

For til hit a folly 

To ii ntlaiuhoUy, 
LH 'i tivt lurt ■akitil bw may. 

Cal. I mairy Sir, this fellow hath some fire in him : 
Methinkes a sad and drowsle shepbeatd is 3 

A prodigle in Nature, for the woods 
Should bee as farre from sorrow, as they are 
From sorrowe's causes, riches and the lilcc. 
Maile to you awsine, I am a Genlleioan 
Driven here by ignonuce of the way, and would 
Confesse myselfe boond to yov for a ctutetie, 

If yon would please 10 helpe me to some lodging 
Where I may rest my leUe. 

Aiu. Par 'Hi tut a fatly, Ac 

Cal. WeU ; if the rest bee like this fellow hen ; 40 
Then I have tnivet'd fiurely now ; for certainly 
This Is a land of fooiei : some Colonie 
Of elder brothers have lieene planted hcrei 
And tw g ol this blre generation. 
Prltbee, good Sbepheard, lell mee where Ihoo dwelst 7 

Ain. For 'tit t-l afi/fy, Ac. 

CaU. Why art thou madde P 

A/x. Whatiflbee? 
I hope '41* no discredit for me Sir f 
For in this age who is not? Tie prove it to you : 50 
Your Qliien, bee's madde to trust the OenlleDian 
Both with his wares and wife. Yoor Courtier, 
Hee 's madde to spend his time in studying postures. 
Cringes, and fashions, and new complemeDls ; 
Your Lawyer, hee 's madde to sell avray 
His tongue for moaey, and his Client madder 
To buy it of him, since 'lis of no use 
But to undoe men, and the Latine tongue ; 
Your Schollers, they are madde to breake their brajnei, 
Out-wstdi the Moone. and looke more pale then shee, 
That so when all the Arts call him their Master, 61 

Hee may perhaps get some small Vicaridge, 
Or be the Vihcr of a Schoole ; but there 'a 
A thing in blacke called Poet, wtio is ten 
Dorses in madneste above these ; his meanes 
Is what the gentle Fates please to allow him 
By the death or mariage of some mighty Lord, 
Which hee must soleraniie with a new Song. 

Cal. This fellowe's wit '"■frl'i me ; but biend. 
What doe you thbik of loven ? 70 

Alu. Worst of all; 
Is 't Dol a pretty folly to stand thus. 
And agh, aiul fold the aimes, and cry my Calia, 
My aoule, my life, my Calia, then to vrring 
One's state for presents, and one's brayne lot Sonnets ? 
O ! 'tis beyond the name of Phreniie. 

Cat. What so Satyricke Shepheard ? I beleeve 
You did not leame these flashes in the Woods ; 
How Is it possible that you should gel 
Socb neere acquaintance with the Citie manners. So 

And yet lire here in such a sUeat place ; 




Where one woold lUnke tl 
Could hvdlj Edler. 

Aim. WhjIleiellrMSk: 
M7 (Mber dred. {700 force em K> TenMatbar 
A (riefe tlwt dcMTva uarci) and Ml nc joOBg, 
And tlfa Shepbevd Bay be Mid w) rich i 

WIw other SwBliwi K) woodrad U. (be CUie, 

Sadflii toM oqr nmU ponloa (for the wealth go 

or Sbcpbeudi ii tbelr flocfca) ud lUther ««« ; 

Wha« whil'H nijr moDer luted I wu wdcoma. 

And U*'d In credit, tmt when thai wu foae. 

And the Uit piece riffa'd in mj onptjr podGoi, 

I wu eoateon'd : then I bcfu to fede 

How dearely I bid boufhl experlmcA, 

And without aor thing beiidei rcpenlanoa 

To load xat, ntuni'd hut, and here I Un 

To Uof h u all iboee foUja which 1 anr. 


£,^art Ufranltd la Ou Sta. 

Birit art ikt qntritUri tf th' tmffy ^rt, 
Sfrt ii nttitr imantimg tktrt. 

Tlugnnnd Mi imiU at Iki Spriug't^vmiy UrUt, 
SporiUgranUd to Uu tarik. 

TktJLrt ill ihttringJUmt m Mtgk dtik now, 
Sf»nit Mivf wanting Ditrt. 

l/ati tif tUmtntt. Uu BafUt. tk* Sm, 
Ajrt, aadjirt, v m*rty ttt; 

WIgf u DMo'f mirtA m nldtwu, amd M im»U, ■ (lo 
Wkt u eemfvumdtd e/tktm ailt 

CaL You may tt]ojdk ; but slghei befit me better. 

AlH. Now 00 my amieie nc e thou haw lot a MlWrit ; 
If it be M, thanke God, and lote no tnore ; 
Or die peifaapi sbe' hai boret roar whining letter, 
Or U» another Gentlanan in your light, 
Oi ebe denyed you her ghm, or laught at you, 
Cauaei Indeed, which deacTTB apedall mourning : 
And now yon come to talke with your God CafU 
In prime bB«, and call the Woodi 10 wilpene, 110 
And all the Hrtamei which munnure when they beara 
The Injuria tbey %aBa ; I am tarry 
I have beene a hindnnce to your meditatlooi, 

Cal. Na.y, good Shepheard, you mistake mee. 

Ala. Faith, I am voy chaiy of my health, 
I would be loath to be infected Sit. 

Cal. Thou ueedeit not feare ; I have no disease at aD 
Betides a troubled mind. 

Alu. Why that's the worst, the wont of all ' 130 

Cal. And therefore it dolh challenge 
Your piety the more ; yon should the nither. 
Strive to be my niytttfan. 

Ala. The good Godi forbid it ; I tnine Phyiitkn? 
My I^nnti broogbl me up more piously, 
Tba that I ihould play booty with a ilknesK, 
Turns a consumptioa to tncn's purses, and 

K than iheb bodjrti, and set ^ 

. - "-rfe-i 


Deierra off dck men'* beaUi ftoa day to day 

A* U ibfBf went U law with Ibik dlieasa. 

No, I wu boroe far bedar ands, ih^ to Kad a 

HI* MaMte'a sol^M'a U hcO w hM. 

A* If I were M dMm (be Make* wia Oonnt. 

Cal Yov wh ernes viKli : 
Fc» u the Kiali is aohkr ibea the body. 
So It* cortupiiaB aAta a beuv nedkfaM 
Thes la appl j«d to Ootts, Cataiii, or Agaei, 
And thai ii oonualL 

AM. Soihaa; labotddboe 

An booie or 10, IntI Ibea I w 


Co/. A (qaTCT, sbnpheard. but n laire abore 
Ad odWard ooe, that the TiciaAtidci 
Of that may m 
This, flame, and fhm. 

Ala. So ; I ui 

You are a lOTer. whldi is by trandatlon 
A foole, or a bead ; for I'le dcAne jou : you're 
Partly Ckamaltca, partly Salunaoder, 
Vou 're fed by ih' ajre. and live 1' the Sre. 

Cal. Why did you nevw lore? baveyouK 
Nought ol your mother Id you t if Ihiu Sim 
Whidi icorched me, should cut one beame upon you, 
T would qnlddy mdl the ice about your heart, 
Aad lend your eyei fresh ttreamea. 

Ala. 'Faith, I tUnke not ; 170 

I have leene aO your beautyee of the Com, 
And yet wu Dercr ra'4iht, aent made 
A doleflitl Sonnet unto a^iy Capid, 
Either 10 wanne her heart, or dse coole taiue ; 
And no face yet could ever wotmd me so. 
But thai I i|uicUy found a remedie, 

Cal. That wen an art worth learning, awl yon need 

Be niggard of your knowledge ; See the Snnne 
IliODgb it have given flils many thousand yearet 
Light to tha wDild, jet If M bigge and tirl^ 1*0 

Ai e're it was, and hath not km ooe beame 
Of bis first gloiy: then let charity 
I^nwade ycu to iutnict me, I sbaQ bee 
A very thankfnll scholia'. 

Ala. I shall : for 'tis both ea^y tangfat and lean'd, 
Coau Hag aw^ Iki daj, Ac 
Mirth Is the only phjiilck. 

Cal. It is a way whidi I bare mnA denred 
To cbeate my sorrow with ; and for that puipoae 
Would ftioK lume ibepheard, and In rurall sports tgo 
Wearc my llfc'i tcmnant out ; I would foiget 
All things, my very name if it were pomible. 

Ala. Pcay let me kame it finL 

CaL Tls Callijoras. 

Ala. Thankeyouj If youyonrieUetduuicetDforgciii, 


tOVBS JtliiDLE. 

Catae bol lo me lie d( 


I •in initnm you in ll 

For Ae cnufcxi of m SBei^ieuit, ud 

Wee two win lai«h at lU *e wolM MMdr, 

And OinrJett* '^itaMllw hwilniWri Of SttU 

Enter PaUemwn, Milanua, Ttm§a(./Egeit, 

JSellMUt, Si/laa. 

Pa. I ne 1 (B swIoDe. 

iia. Coiaent>ni>nerfi]rtbM,j«ilD«enr<ln^>U(^' 
Br /^u.- bntcaoe.noiiiaiuibt'^t^ jaa.mjlRiat4t 

Tn. Narfood.Dncd^doamotTUiriivsdfe; Wluu 
thon^lWkmibci'f jon Icnoir dw wlE dm hare bbn. 

Mil. Come, i» MWMr lor Ifaat'; i vfll tix mridfi^ 

childna^klUai foe bed 

to entice ttmaj hoDeil 
hii Sodu : but ahi I 
ha, ba, yet liee wouM laaiij tof dwnhler. 
A«. Tboo an 

But tliat ifaee sail* tbee fiuber : tboagfalanaot 
Nn^ieTiolaifealkKkaf Aaapaaiilwa. aan 

Yet ia my niiDd t am aaBnifwiw . 
V bat eompai'd with thee, 

Trm, Ofwhatplaoelpaar' ' 

Till irfi a iliiiiiii 1 nullum. U'tlM? 

^a. PrtlV»B«>4 IfMMrirtbaawlltJietaUDK, 
Keepe ihj bnalh In a little, (or It suella. 
Wone then a Oaal ; r«tho«Bnuiialfcat 
For ttxui ban BOtUeB )iA IhM at ».wMnaa 
But iuit, and loawM . . 930 

Myl. Sliepti««)id,bCTe'i»oiiatoMkn.Nitkraarwh . 
But yon mixbt vara it ] tt.r9»b« lolatltb, 
Y<iu'le have none IrA aNatber time to Bake 
The MOg of (be tetaka Lorar with. 

Pa. rmednnibe,mrllp*ai»a«*l'd,Matd ut> fai w g'; 
Uar mjr laih ioa|ne foisM to be ialOFtaur, 
And atgan of sq> **■>■■■• ^roB »7i 
tt batb offended you. 

Hyl. Troth If you make 
Bnt that condilioo, I iliall agree to 't qriekly : 340 

iW</. By/'H. weU laid Glrie;«liM>foale wall 
To iiiq>ect thee of lorinc liiro ) liut 1 


o ibeepe taat to thy pntion. 
For fmtting thii one jcat i^Mn him. 

ASgoH. Naynowl mwtDceditdlyaiitfaatjiOBrai 
Ii pmoded with ito naaoo 10 Duintabe It ; 
If yon intend your 'Daughter iball not marry him. 
Say so, but play not with his panlon ; 
For 'tb iabtanane wit vAkhJeeica tlic wmdiedk 

JMJl Come 'd» 00 matter for that; what I doe, I doe ; 
I tfaaB not need your countelL 
7Vw. Ihopemy butbandandtbaTeenou^wlsdome 


; Ifw 

Twill be to lillle purpose, I dare say. 
To cooie to boiTOW some of you. 

jBg. Til voy Ukdy pHtty Mistds Uaiikin, 
Tou with a bee lookes like a winter ^iple 
When 'tis ihruDkc up'tc^ether and halfe rotten : 
I' da see yon hang^'d up for a thing to ikare 960 

The crowds away beAtfe Tie spend my breath 
To teach you any. 

Hfl. Alai good shepheardt 
What doe you Imagine that I ibould lore fon for ? 

Pal. For all my serrices, the tertuons leale 
And oDtiitancie whh whleh I ever woed you ; 
Thoa^ I were btacker than a narlease night. 
Or cotudences wbov gidlt and hoiror dwell ; 
Althongb splay-l^d, crooked, defonn'd in all parts. 
And Init the Cbao's only of a man ; 370 

Vet if I love and honor you, humatiitie 
Woold tAch you tut to hate, or laugfa at me. 

Hy. PrayspareyourGiiepenwasions,andsetipeeebe«, 
And latber tell them to those stones and trees ;' 
Twin be to as good purpose quite, as when 
You spend tiieni npoa me. 

Pa. Give me my Gnall answer, that I maj 
Bee either bleat lor ever, or die quickly 1 
Delay 's a cndl lack, and Uls by pieoe-mealea. 

fiy. Then here til, yon 'ra an aue, 
(Take that for yom' tndviUtle to my mother) 
And I will nam love you. 

Pal. You'reawccuani' 
A snell and fimd woman, and my patdon 
Stall trouble you no more ; but when I'me dead 
My angiy Ghost shall vei you wone then now 
Your pride doth tnee; ntrewelL 

Enttr ^bron madde, mtttmg Fabenum 

Afk, Nay May Sir. have you fotind hex? 

Pa. How BOW? what's the matter? 

Afk. Fori Will have hei out of you, or else 39 

I'le cut thee Into alames, til tbe irted 
Ray with the ihreeds of thy tcme body. Locdw her 

Pal. Whom ; or iHioe? 

Afk. lie ten ibee bonot Ulow ; thon doh goe 
From me as an Embassador to the Sunne ; 
For BMD call him tbe eye bt haven, (from wfabji 
Nothing lyes hid), and ten him — doe you malice me~ 

EVooi me — that If he send not wibxI where sbee Is gone. 
—I win— nay by the Godi I wiU. 300 

<£/. Alas poore Gentleman 1 
Sore be bath k>st some Hbtris ; beantions women 
Ajk the dtiele plague* to men. 



TVs. Nar. DotioibepbMrd. wbendid I idafnaan^r 

/Egam. How bin li be bejond tbe duds of lUra, 
Ttwl Duka hii love hb Ulurii } 

Afk. Mlnii)? wbo'ithM? berGboM? 'ttatbee; 
IL wu bcT TOjce ; woe all Ibe lloudi, tlw ilvcn. 
And IMS, lh>l with thdr crooked annei cmbraco 
The eanh, betwixt tu. I'dc wade thRn(>> and meel bcr ; 
Were all the Alpes heap'd on emcb otber'i hod, 311 
Were Ptliem Joya'd to Oaa, and tbey both 
Throwne on Olymfut top, the; ihould not make 
So blgb a wiUl but 1 would (cal 't and find her. 

A/. Unhappy man. 

vf/4. "Til emptj ajic : t ws« too rude, liM nucy. 
And ihe hatb left me ; if ihee be alive 
What daHtneue ihall be thicke enoufh 10 hide ha 1 
If dead, rie leeke the place whkh Poeu call EUtitim, 
When all the wmles or good and veituouimonaUi 300 
Enjoj deaerved pleasures Brier death. 
What ihoald I feare ? ir there be aa BrynmU 
'Til In tfaU brat, if a Titifkent 
'Til heie : here in (hli bralne are all ber Mrp*Bt* : 
Uy KTlefe and fury aimel me. 

Fai. By your leave Sir. 

Apk. Now by the Godi, that mao that Mopt my 

Had belter have provokt a bnngry LloaeiM 
Rob'd of her Wbelpei, or let bii nakad btsM 
AKainit ihe Thunder. Bait Aphntt. 330 

Tm. 'Tis well hee '1 gone, 
I never could endure to lee Ibew madde men. 

Mtt. Come no mailer for that, AaArAhiplt 

For DOW be'* gone, here comet another. os^CalUdorn*. 
But it 'i no mailer for thai neltber. 
How now t who has bee brougbt with him ? 

AL Hayle lo yte Shepbeardi, and yee twMttiotu 

I mitlt ptnenl ibis stranger to ymir kiKnvledge ; 
When youi 're acquainted well, youle thanks me itsc 't. 
Cat. Blest Masters of these Woods, hayte to you all, 
'Til my desire lo be yonr neighbour here ; 341 

And feed my flocks (such as they are) neere youn. 
This Staepbeard teli me, that your gentle nature 
Will be moil willing lo accept my Mendsbip ; 
Which if yee doe, may all the Sylvan Deiiyc* 
Bee still propitious to you ; mar foor fiocka 
Yearely increase above your hope* or witbel ; 
May none of your young lambea become a prey 
To tbe rude Wolfe, but play about securely ; 
May dearths be ever exU'd from tbeae woods ; 350 

May your bulls prosper, and your monntalne ftraw- 

Grow Id abundance ; may no Ixiwn be 
Despis'd, and pine away their yearn of Spring : 
But the young men and maides bee strucken botb 
With cquall sympathy. 

Pa. That were a golden time ; tbe Gods forbid 
Moitalis to bee so hap^. 

Mpm. I thankeyon; and we wish no le»e to jnw : 
you are most welcome hitho'. 

lie b« fi-<iti^tiii«i< with him ; we moat haitily 
Aoeepi yonr company. 

Utl. Come BO maxtt (or that ; we ban* enooi 
Alfendy who can beaie us company. 
But no matter fn- thai Mlther ; wee ifaall bava 
Shortly no roome kA us to feed oar floc^ia 
By one anotlMr, 

Aluf. Wbal alwajei grambltac? 
Your father and yooT mollis »cooM«id av« 
Whll'tt you were gMtlag ; wdL if I bcfli 
Tie BO 


J/</. A rott npon ] 
Bui come, no matur lor that ; you 'n 

At. What, beauties, are ynu silent ? 
Take notice of him (pny), your speaking ia 
Worth more then all tbe rest. 

Bdl. 'HtM, 're veiT wdcome. 

Cat Tboake yoo fayre Nymph, thta Is Indeed 
walBome. (.Sa/sito*. 

BtU. I narcr saw, beauty and albbUty 
So well coojoyn'd be&re ; ifl stay kng 3 

t aball be quite nndone. 

Alu. Nay come, put on too. 

HfL You are moat Uwlly wdcocne. 

CaL Yon blnaa mae too modi ; 
The bonoor of your lip la enleitainoenl 
Prince* mifttt wish (or. 

Ojt. Blesse me, bow hn lookcs I 
And bow be talke* ; bis kIsK was hooey too. 
His Up* M ted and iweet ni early tt*rji». 
Soils then Bercrs' sUna. 

Would 1 had lUt Usee 
HyL How bii eye 

Ba. How red hi* 

afalneal what a bright flame N 

IT garden apples 

lel *> 

. that side where Ibe hot Son salutes them. 

Hyl. How wdl bis baires become him 1 
Just like that starre which uilien on (he day. 

BUI. How (aire he is f blrer then whitest bloaomes I 

Tng. They two have got a Usie ; 
Why should 1 lose it for want of speaking? 400 

Von 'ra welcome shepheard. 

Al%. Come on : Far 'tit hit afilfy, ftc : 

THl Doeyoubeaie? youaresralconM. 

Alu. Oh I here 's another musi have a kisse : 

Tru. Qoe you 're a paltry knai*, I, that you it. 
To wrong an honest woman thus. 

/«/■■. Why hee shall Usie thee, never feare it, alas I 
I did btu Jest, be'le do 't fix all this. 
Nay, beeanse I will be a Patron to thee 
lie speake to him. 410 

7Vw. You 're a slandering knave. 
And yon abaH know 'I, that you stulL 

Ai. Nay, if you iconld so kiwd 
Others shall know it too ; He most slop your mouth. 
Or ytin'le lalke on this three bonies ; CaUiJenu, 
If yon can paliemly endure a stinke. 



Or hiTe fteqneoted «re the City Bean-garden, 
Prithee aalole thii fboncore TCant, and btit me 
She njei ja\x 're' welcome t 

Cal. I cry jaa mercy f ' 
By Fa» I did not lee you. 

Tm. II my bniband ud Ah^ mxt not beie, 
I'de ruber pay bim back bii Une a(aiiie. 
Then be beboldlng to him. 

Al. What, thou hast doD 't ? 
Wen If tbou dost not dye npMi 't, beztafter 
Thy body wUt agree even with Ibe worn 
And stinking'st ayre in Etovf<. 

Cal. Nay, be nol angry ShepheardeMe, yoti know 
He doth bat jest ai 'tis bii cuitome. 430 

Trv. I know it ii his nutome ; he was alwayea 
Wont to abuse me, lilie a knave ai he li. 
Bat lie endiue 't no more. 

AL Prithee good CaiUJami if her bretUh 
Be Kit too bad, goe itop ba moulb agalne, 
Sbe'le aoonld till night else. 

Tm. Ve> marry win I, that I will, you raacall yon, 
lie teach yon to lay your frumps apon me ; 
You ddighl In it, doe you? 

Al. Prilhe«.be quiet, leave but talking 10 me, 440 
And I win never jeere Ihee any more. 
We two win be so peaeoble hoeafier. 

Tttt. Wen upon that conditloo. 

Al, So I'me deUveiM, why how now Ladds ? 
What have you lost your tooguei? I'le have Ibetn 

PaUmoK, jBgam, CaUidnnts: what? 
Are yoa an dnmbe ? I pray cootinoe 10, . 
And lie be mcny with mjselfe. 

'Til Ml*f ta ianti Oun amg, 
TUaautiii/ymiaillkiumit, 450 

THal Its my ul/t ikall tnug 

Iftiu* I grtna ttU a Patl. 

j^gim. And yet me thinkes ym ting. 

AI. O yes, because here's none doe dance, 
And both are betia hrre tbm to he sad. 

Mgim. Come then lei's have a round. 

AL A match ; Paiitmaa whither gOe yon ? 

Pa. The Gods fortiid thai I should mode my adfe, 460 
Cbeate my owne mind ; I dance and weepe at Of>ce ? 
Von may ; Farewen. Eiil. 

AL Tiasochawbinlngfoole; come, come, Jft/aravi. 

Mil. I have no mind 10 dance ; bat come no matter 
for that, rather Ihen breake the sqnarea.— 

CtL By your leave, fayre one. 

ItiL Would t were ia ho- place. 

AL Come Hilact, thee and I wench, I warrant thee, 
You and your wife together. God blesse you ; 10— 

For 'Hs hit a felly, fie Dana, 47a 

7>w. So there's enough, I'me halfe a weary. 

MO. Come no matter rc7 that. 
I have not danc't so much this yeare. 

AL So brewdl, you'le come aia^ with m: t 

Cal. Yes, breweU gentle Swaino- 

TVv. Faiewdl good Shepbeard. 

BtL Your best wishes follow you. 

JiyL Pa* ahvayes guide you. 

MeL It 'i no matter for thai, c«me awi^. Bxtnni. 

Mnit Aetut primi. 

Digitized byGoOt^lc 

Actus II. Scsena I. 

Enter Denwphil, Spcdaia, PhUistus, 

DBme. Nir, shee la lost for ever, and her Dame 
WUcb ns'd to be lo combnable, now 
Ii pojMin to our tboufhu, anil (o BUj;ment 
Our mlierr panu forth our former happineue : 

Callidara, O 107 CaUidora I 

1 ihall ne're lee tbee more. 
SfQ, If coned Afknm 

Halh carTcd ber away, (nd iryomphi now 

In the deitruEllon of our hoaiy ace 

Twere better tbee wse dead : 10 

Dtm. TWere betKr we were all dead ; the ai}o7ing 
Of tedloui life U a wona pimiifamenl 
Tben loilDg of mj DaugbMr ; Oh 1 iii<r frieads, 
Wbr have 1 U*ed w> long ? 

eta. Oood Sir, be oooiforted : Brother speakc to 

Sff. Would I had djed, when lim I brought thee 
My Qtrle, my bat Oirle ; then I ihonld have slqil 
In qnlel, and not wept now. 

Phi. I am balfe a ilBtoe, 
FVecK me np quite jpce Godi, and let me be ao 

Cla. Alai I you doe bat hurt your Mlvei with weepifi( : 
Coaiido' pray, it may be ^e'le Gome back. 

Dfi. Oh I never, ncrer, '111 Imposglble 
As to call back siiteene, and with vaine Rhetoncke 
Penwade my life's frcth Aptill to retorne ; 
Sbee'i dead, or else Cure worse, kept np by Afkrtm ; 
Whom if I could but see, me Ihinkes new blond 
Would creepe into my veioei, and my faint siDewei 
Renew tbemselves ; I doubt not but to God 30 

Sttenglb enough yet to be reveng'd of Aftrom. 

Sf. Wonld I were with [bee, Girle, where ere thou art. 

Cia. For shame good Brotber, lee if you can comfort 

He dilnkei you ihonld say something. 

PU. Doe you thioke 
My griefei so light ? or wai the Interest 
So sfnall whkh I bad In ber 7 la comfOTter ? 
Alas 1 ibe was my wUe, for we woe married 
; and nothing 

My Joyes, nay more. I kisl my idfe with ha ; 
You hare a tm, yet left behind, whose memo 
May iweelen bH this gall. 

Sft. I, we had one. 
Sot hte's in onell to os, and snch dangen 
Attend a travelling man, that 'iwoe p 
To say we have him ; we have sent fa 
To blot oat the remembrance of fals diiler : 
Bat wheths- we ihall erer see him here. 
The Gods can only tell, we barely hope. 

Dnm. This newea, alas I' 
Will be but a >d welcome lo bhn. 

PAi. Why doe I play thai with my misery? 
'Til vaine to thinke I can live here witboot ber, 
rie seeke her where e're she Is ; patience la this 
Would be a vice, and men might justly say 
My love whs bnt a flash ol winged lightning. 
And not a Vcsiall flame, which always shines. 
Hit woing is a complement, not passion. 
Who can If (ortane match away his Mlstrls. 
Spend some few louei, then take anotba cboyce : 
Mine It not so ; Oh, Callidara I 

Cla. Fye Broths, you re a man. 
And should not be shaken with emy wind ; 
If It wen possible 10 call bei back 
With moumlDg, moiming woe a piety. 
Bat ^nce it caimot, yon most give me leave 
To caU it folly : 

Phi. So It is; 
And I will thai 
Thb doleful! place shall ni 
Vnlesse it see ber too 
You sister may letyic 
Adjoynlng to tbe woods ; 
And my estate I leave Tor yon 10 manage ; 
If I Bnd ber, expect me there, if not 
Doe you live happier then your Brother hath : 

CU. Alasl how can I If yoa leave me? but 
I hope yoor reaolutioiis may be altered. 

Pk. Never, farewell : good DtmafMI, 
Farewell Sfedaia, temper your laments ; 
If I retunie we shall againe be happy. 



Sfo. Voa dull DM want m; pntyen. 

Dm. Tbe Oodi dMt pmr Lorcn (if ifaarabee 

mj) attend apoo jtn. 
eta. Win j>OD needs goe ? 
Fk. I knit ddajM ; 'tmn time I were now read;, 

Efder Alupis and Palxmon. 

Aim. Ctmt, tamt neuf , ftc 
Now where are an TOUT MUMUf yooiiarafenclcaF 
Could Ibe fine montinK moriek lAlch jroa wak'd 
Yoni' MlMil* with, pcoralleiioiiMn tbn thla? 
Whj la the Citle now jonrtetr Fldlen' 
Good monowKi four mmUp, will get loiiMlhinK: 
Hath ihe deofed thee qolta ? 

Pa. She hMh undone me ; 1 have plow'd Ihe Sea, 
And begot itonning blDowei. 

At. Can DO perawukiaa move har? 

Pa, No owre then thy leaM bcealh ebb tAie an Oi 
Which hath thli many jrearei Morn'd ihe fierce wun 
Of all the winds. 

^£ 11sagoodbeaiii«; then 
She 'le COM jnoe no more parrt* ot.Tnrtle Dnei, 
Nor gwlaoib knit w{lh amorous ooooelH : 
I doe percedre lome ranges of tbe Cowt Suhlonl 
Viiiblr creeping do« Inlo Ihe woods. 
The mote hee thewes bis lore, the more shea sOghts b 
Yet win tska any gift of bim, as wllliDglf 
A* CovMiey Jostkea Ihe Hens and Gaeae 
CM Ibair dbodtaff ndghboun ; thl* is right : 
Nov K I lo**)) lUs wench I would so handle her, 
1 'de teach ber what tbe diBerence w«te betwixt 
One who had seene the Court and Clti» tricks, 
And a meere ihepheaTd. 

Pa. Lions are tam'd, and become lines to men, 
And Tygrai oft fois"t the cineltT 
They sockl from their fierce mothers ; bnt, a woman 

At. Yet if / saw such wonders in her face 
As you doe, 1 diould nevtr doubt to win her. 

Pa. Bow pray? if gifts would doe it. she liath hai 
The daintiest Lambes, the hop* of aU n^ flock ; 
I let my apices hang for b« to gBCber ; 
Tbe painfoll Bee did never load my hive* 
Whh hooey, irtiich sbe tasted not. 

At. Yon mistake me Friend ; I mesne not so. 

Pa. Howtbeo? if Poetry would do 't, what shade 
Halb Dot beene Auditor of my amoneis pipe? 
What bankes an not acqualaled with bo- prayses ? 
Which I have sung la verses, and tbe sbeepheards 
Say tb^ are good mes ; nay they call me njet, 
Although 1 am not easle tolideeve tbem. 

Al. No, no, no ; that 's not tbe way. 140 

Pa. Why how? 
If shew of griefe bad RlMorick eoongh 
To move ha, I dare iweare abe had beene milK 
Long before this ; what day did ere peepe fcrth 
In which I wept not duller then tbe momlng? 
WhiiA of the winds halb not my rigtaes encreai'd 
At sundry times ? how often bare I cryed 
Hylaet, Hjiaet, till Ihe docile woods 
Have answered Hylaet \ and every valley 
As if it woe my RIvaU, soonded Hylatt. 190 

AL I, andyon wBcamost rare fbote for daing'so: 
Why 'twas that poyson'd an ; Had I a Ulslris 
rde almosl bcM her, by tliis ligfit, I wocOd j 
For they are miudi abmn your ^nnlel'i nature, 
Bat whilst yoa cry deare Hylaet, A UytattI 
Pitty the tottnres of my burning bean, 
Sbele alwayes minoe it, like a Qtisea'* wlfb,' 
At the fint asking ; II)oi«h bv tilled tdood 
Leapes at tbe very mention ; thareibis now ' 
Leave off your whlnbig tridn, and take ■ny OOnnsrTI, |6« 
FiiK then be merty ; Far 'tit hitafilfy, tta. 

Pat. Til a bard leHoo for my mtad to learae, 
Bat 1 woaU fercn my sctfe, if that would helpe me. 

Al. Why thou Shalt see it will; next I would have tbaat 
To laugfa at her, and moi^ her pitlifnlly ; 
Sauly for jeeres against next time yaa see ber ; 
rie goe aloDg with you, siid Iwlpe to atase her, 
Tin we have made hei cry, wixae then c'le yon did ; 
When WB have us'd ber Ibui a Ultle wbile, 
Sbee'le be as tame and gentle. lyo 

Pa. But alas I 
This will provoke ho- more. 

At. He warrant thee : beables, what if it should ? 
She hath re^'d you otlsly elnady. 
And cannot bun you worse ; come, come, be ml'd i 
And fi^low me, wele put it stisigbt in pntctlae. 
For -til iai afotfy, Ac 

Pa. A match ; lie uy alwayes ;sbecanbnlscomemei 
There is this good in depth of mtsety 
That men may attempt any thing, they know iSo 

The worn beftre hamL Sxtunt. 

Enter Callidonis. 

How happy Is that man. <>4ioiittbMewoocl* 
vnib secun ailaice weans away bis time I 
Who is aoquatated betto' with hboaaUe 
Thenothenj who so gwal a Mianger la 
To Citle foUyea, that he taiowca them not. 
He sits all day tipoB sane moede UB 
Hl« raraU throne, arm'd with his creoke, hii asettel' ; 
A flowiy garlaad i* lita cotinny crowns ; 
The gentle bunbea and ibeepe his loyaU sohfeoU, 190 
Whkb every yean pay him their flee^ bUmia; 
Thus in an bumble mtdhtesse and mfettle 
He tone* bis pipe, tbewood'sbest mdodyi- 
Andlsatonce, what many Honaicbea are itot. 
Both King and Poet I coedd gkdy wbh 



And UBwUtiw dajci in tbdr buocuoui voru, 
But then mj (utw, moilier, uid my brathcr 
Recocie unto my tboofbu, ind Mniigbl plodu <b 
TIm KMlutloD 1 iMd tailtt bctee ; 
Lo*« naiDM PMUMu to ne, and o' th' inddes 

Hmroowr wbo'iboe? tit bire ///'w* 

Mfbtat of all tboK Muret tbu ptOot Ibe voodk 
And pmce tbw* Jbtdy h«Mt«tto«i, aio 

Yott'ra wdcow ; bowihall 1 requite ibe benefit 
Wbkh you b«M«« upon M poen a Mnnier 
WUb your filn FKMnce ? 

/^ Ukba any Connie, 'til (MS 
Whkh I wonU (tedlr doe yon 1 1 lM*e hKKi^bl 
A nmll pnaeai, (oawofourowneapplM : 
My father ind my noiber are k> hard. 
They «ntfdi'd the tree, or else they had beeae nore. 
SuehMibeyan. Utbsy anpleaieyooi tait, 
lly with li crown'd. aao 

Cal. O yon'ic too kind, 
And leach that duty to me which I ougbt 
To bwe pcridnn'd ; I would I could relnnie 
nwbalteaf yowdcaotil but lam poore 
la emr lUnf but ''""fc** 

Hf- Voia aocqitBtkni only li reward 
Too great for me. 

Cat. How they bluih ? 
A man may well Imagine they woe yours. 
They bearesogieat aihewafniadi^. ajo 

ifyl, O yon mock my boldaetae 
To thnut into your company ; but truly 
I neani do hart in't ; my intaoti were vettnooa. 

CaL The Godi Ibrfaiil ihai I ihould nune a thought 
So wicked ; thou an ianoceat I know, 
And pure ai fmiir' Doves, or mountains soow 
Whtch no rbot halh dcfil'd ; Ihy aoule li whiter 
(ir there be any poisibiliile oft) 
Then that clea« skin which doatbes thy dainty body. 

Hjr. Nay my good will deserves not lo be jeer'd ; 040 
You know 1 am ■ lode and conntrey wench. 

Cat. Farre be it from my thougbti : I sweaie I btmour 
And k>*e those maidoi veitues whldi adotne you. 

Hf. 1 would you did, as well ai I doe you. 
But the just Gods intend not me so happy. 
And I must be contented. — I'me undone. £»/. Betlnla. 
Here 's BtUala .- what is she growne my rivall ? 

BtU. Blessemet whom sec I? A^Aif* f some cloud 
Or frfendlyjmlst involve nu. 

Hjt. Nay BiUmla ,■ I sec you well enough. ajo 

Col. Why doih the day start backe? aie yon to cmell 
To ibew u* first the light, and baviiv stmck 
Wonder Inlo us, smUch it trcm our igcA f 
If ^riry crowo'd with the gkmea of the ewth 

Appeare upoo the bw*aoly Bai*. and imtgbt 
Craepe back agafaa into a gt«H>«jFT'd froat. 
Hen wfll accuse it* tewardoesle. 

Hj. Pnybeavea 
Hee be Ml lakaa with bw 1 *«'* Koewtet Uic : 
He dU DM ^eake so loag a v*«di i» awe : 
I'me aire of't, thongb I bto^bl Urn apples. 

BtU. IdldMbtakaaywBr; Pray paidoa me. 

Hjt. I would ' ' ' 

Ca/. InuMih 
But yon can slay a Uctle while and bless* ns t 

B*L Yes (and Love knowea bow wHli^ly) : ala) 
I shall quite qxqrle my garland ere I give It bim, 
Wth hiding it bom ifylti; Pray />u 
~ t Mohie hit heart already bnn bim. 

li may be 1 iball give ber o) 
To winae Um fnm mti tot I know she kovath U 
And hath parti^M a beoar Wngoa ibea I ; 
AlthoDgh I ilKNkl bee loth toyeeM to ber 

BtU. Letmeqwaha 
In privBle with you ; I am boU to bdaf 
A gartand to yon ; Ibof dMbeatOinrmi 
WUdilooaU gather ; I was |)ickb« tbesa 

t^L How you oblige me to you I 
I dianke yon iweelcal : How tbqp aontjah tdll I 
Sore they grow better, ilaoe your band bath n^ di 

BiU. They will doe ; when your brow bath boat 

Then they may wdl grow praod, and shine moce&e 
CtU. What pcTflu^ dwell bi than? 

They owe these odonn to your breath. 
/^. Defend ne, yee good Qod*. I thinke be kisses 

How long tbey have beene talking ? now pcrttapa 

And will eonicDl ; I'le pot him in remembrance ; 
Yoa have not tasted of Iba applea yet. 
And tbey were good ones truly. 

CaU. I will doe presenUy, beat HUact. 

Hf. That '■ some thi^ yet; would ha wotddqwal 

Col. I would not change tbem for those ^a 
Whldi give soch bme to the Haftrvm gardens. 

BtU. She hath out-gone me in her pteseni now. 
Bat I have got a B ee cb en-cup at home 
Curiously Ktaven with the spreading leana. 
And gladsome burthen of a fhiitfuU vioe^ 
Wbicb Ztaawa, the best Artist of these woods 
M^e and hestow'd tq>on me ; I le hting that lo moi 
And give it him, and then I 'le warrant bee 
Shee will not goe beyond we. 

Hy. What have you got a di^ricl? Oh I 
This is I see of BtUtiia'i composing. 

BM. "Vfiij Hfbutt yon cannot make a bettac ; 
What flcrwen 'pay dolh it waatf 




Cal. Poore uniki, I pM; tbem, uid the more, 
BeooK I ban not beme mj teUe a Mnager 
To th«M lc»« iMMltrni ; bnt I wonder 
WbtA their cui find in me wonh Ibdr *Aectioil : 
tntf I would Mac ntliSe Uiem both, 
Bw can doe udther ; 'tU ftte'i crime, not mine. 

&JJL Whltho'gDejrDnibqibeard? 

/Tr'. YoawiUnotkaTCui, wUljoa? 

Co/. Indeed I en^t dm, 
YoQ iMive both me boofbt ¥rltl] jronr coonetiea 
And duMikl dlride m 

Hf. S 

[CJiJL] Elie balh another love, 
And kills Palamen with her crneltjr ; 
How can ihee eipecl mercy from aoothec ? 

[A//.] Id what a LabjTinlh doth Love draw mortalls 
And then blindfoldi them 1 what a mill it ifaniwc) 
Vpon their aenies I if he be a God 
Ai sure be 1* (b>s power could nol be «o great ebe) 
He knowei the Impcsstbilltie which Nature 330 

Hath aet betwixt ui, yet eolanglei us. 
And latiffai 10 see ui struggle. 

[Co/.] D' yee both lore me 7 

BtiL I doe I'me sine. 

HjL And I as much ai ibe. 

Cat. I pitiy both of fou, for jou have low'd 
Vpoo mthankfuU sand, whose diyd up wombe 
Nature denyes to bJesse with fridlfulnesse ; 
Vox are both bjie, and mixe then common gnoei 
InhaUte in you both ; Bellvla'i eyes 
ShiaeUke the Ismpe of Heaven, and so dotb /^£ur'i. 340 
Hjtaeis cheeks are deeper dy'd in learlet 
Then the ebasi monung*! blustws, so are BtUtUa'i, 
And I protest I love yon both. Yn cannot, 
Yet mint not esioy eitha. 

BM. You spnike riddles. 

Cal. Which time-i commenUrie 
Uust only eiplaiae to you ; and lUl then 
Farewdl good B4U11U, Cuewell good HjUui, 
I thanke you both. Bxil. 

IfyL Alas I my hopes aie Hnugled. Exit. 35a 

B*U. [ will not yet despaire ; He may grow milder : 
He bade me farewell fint, and bokt upon me 
With a mote »ed&M ^e, then upon ha 
When he departed hence : 'twas a good slgne ; 
At ImM I will imagine it to be so. 
Hope is tba must frimd, and setdome leaves one. Exit. 

1 doubt not bot this wjll move him, 
For they 're good aj^es ; but my teeth are gone, 
I cannot bile them ; bnt for all that ttiou{;h, 
lie wnmnt yon I can lore a young Fellow 360 

As well as any of Ibem all ; I that I can. 
And UsM him loo as sweetly. Oh I hoe 's the mad-man. 

£nter Aphron. 
i4/, HtraUa, Htrttda, bo Htrtula, whsv are you ? 
Land me tfay dab and sUa, and when I ha' done. 

He aing them to thee againe ; why Hirctdtt t 
Poz on you, are you dtimke ? can you not answer 7 
lie tiavdl then wichoot tbem, and doe wooden. 

Tru. I quake all over, worse then any &tl 
Of tlK palsie which I have had this forty yearej 
Could make me doa. 37a 

Ap. So I ha' found the plot out : 
First Ite dimbe up, on Porter Altai shoulders. 
And then owile Into Heaven : and I'me sure 
I canoot diuse but find iier (here. 

Tm. What will becoou ofme ifheshouldteemeP 
Truly he 's a good proper Gentleman ; 
If be woe not mad, I would not be so 'fraid of him. 

Ap. What have I caught tbee byresl of all women ? 
Where hast thou hid thy self so long Irom Afknm t , 
AptrtH irtio bath beene dead till this blest iiunute7 380 

TVn. Ha, ha, ha, whom doth he take me (or ? 

Ap, Thy skin is whiter them the snowy feathers 
Of /^lAi'j Swannes. 

Tm, L«w you there now, 

Ap, Tby halR* are brighter then the Moone's, 
Then when the 9t<Mds hei beaoM* and fills her orbe. 
TVitf. fieshrew Ibeir heart that «^>i this Gentleman 

He faaih his aentea lie wanani him about him. 

As well as any fdlow of them alL 390 

Ap. Thy teeth are like two Arches made of Ivory, 
Of purest Ivory. 

Trw, 1 for those few I have. 
1 thinke they're white enough. 

Ap. Thou art as Ireah as May is. and tby look 
Ii iricture of [be Spring, 

Tra. Nay. I am but some (burscon yeares and teime 
And beare my age weil ; yet Alufis sayes 
I looke like January ; but lie teach the knave 

Ap. Thy lipa are cheryea ; let me tas( 

Tm. You have begd so handsomly. 

Ap. Ha 1 yee good Gods defend me 1 


'(Is a Witch, i 

Tr^. What am I ? 

Ap, A witch, one that did lake the shape 
Of my beat Mlnrls ; but ibou couldst not long 
Belye hcf poreoesie. 

Tm. Now he's narke mad againe opon the sudden ; 
He had sAne sense even now. 

Ap. Thou looktt as if thou wert some wicked 

Frighted out of the gi 
Ha eyes doe siuke in 
As if tliey were afraid ic 


I their ugly holes, 
: theligbu 

1 thus, that I will not ; 
My haiie was bright even now, and my lookes fresh 
Am I so quickly changed ? 

Ap, Herbreath infects the ayre, andsoweaa 
Where e're it comes ; what hath ihe there i 
1 1 these are apples made up with the stings 
Of SoDiiiions. and the bkiod of ~ " ' 



Which beiiiB inllownl up, ■ tlxNUud paiDca Tn. Til Um ; Iot I Io 

c gUd I •■ (M fron hitn, woold I had 
Mf Nipt** W0> but 'lii no natter thoagli ; 
Ik hme a iMtcr gift far CaUUmu 

in Ibe hean, and gnaw ibe entnllo « 
Tru. Thou tjraal ; I, Ih>l Ihoa do'it. 
For (be*e are boaat applet, thai Ihej are ; 
I'me Mre I faibered ibciD nj idie. 
^/. Fiom Ihe Sljrpao tree ; Gire tbeoi ne ({ukkljr, or , Ap. The tteaa li nnlAt boaa me, 

I wlU \ And haib left ibcM bcUod for ate lo IM of. 

TV*. What will you doc 7 pray take theni. { But I will be Uo c^nii« \ Tboi lie amtar tl 

Af. Get thee tone qukU)', (Knm me, fori Itaowtbee; Nov I haTeqxijid her plot ; Vnhi^pybee 

Thou an Tiiipkem. Who find* ibeoL Biti. 

Finit Actus teeundi. 


Actus III. Scaena I. 

Enter Florellus. 

I fannil m; agtd pareau sadlf nrourning 

Tb« fanerall (for to them it Meines do leue) 

Of tbdi deputed Dnugbter ; wbat a welcome 

Ttiii WM to me, all ia wboie heoni % Teine 

Of marble growes iu>l. easily ma; coDceive 

Without the dumbe pemnuioiu of my leares. 

Vet ai if that w<re Dothiug, and it vrere lo 

A kind of happinesse in miiery 

If '[ come vrltbODl ao nrmy lo attend it ; 

As I pan'd through these woods I lav a woman 

Whom her atlyn call'd Shepheardene, bnt lace 

Some diiguis'd Aii{^ll, or a Silvsn Goddese : 

It struck such adoratioa (for I durst not 

Harbour the hue of lo divine a beauty) 

Thst erer since 1 could not teach mj Ibougbt* 

Aootber object ; In this happy place 

(Happy ho- presence made It) she oppau-'d, ao 

And breath'd frcih honours oa the smiling trees ; 

Which owe more of their galliuitiy to ba 

Then to the musky kisses of the West wind. 

Ha I sure 'tis she : Thus doth the Suane breake forth 

From the bladte cunaine of an envious cloud. 

SiUer Alupis, BeHala, Hylace. 

M. Pur'tiiiula Fatty. &e. 

Hyl. Wee did not send for yon ; pray leave us. 

Al%. Ko, by this lij^t, not till I see you ay ; 
When yon bare shed soma penllcntiall leares 
For wnMging of Pabmvt, there may be 30 

A mca concluded betwixt you and me. 

BtU. This Is andvni 
To thnut into our company ; doe you tbinhe 
That we admire your wit r pniy goe to ihem 
That dOQ, we would be ptjiwe. 

Al. To what parpoM? 
Ton'd aske bow many shepheards she batb strooken? 
Whlcfab tbeproperest man? which kisses nveelesl ? 
Wbkh brings bs- the best presents 7 And then (ell 
What a line man wooes you; how redde his lips are ? 40 
How bright his eyes are? and what dainty sonnets 
He bath oompoaed In honor of your beauty ? 
And then at last, with what tare tricks you foole him ? 
Tlieae are yonr learn'd discourses ; but were all 

Men of my H 

You should wooe us, I. and wooe hardly too 

Before yon got us. 

Flo. Oh prophanenesse I 
Can bee so rudely speake to that blest virgin. 
And not be sinicken dumbe ? 50 

Al. Nay, you have both a mind lo me. 1 know it ; 
But I will many neither ; I come hither 
Not to gaie on you, or eitoll your beauty ; 

Pie. Ruder yet ? I cannot, 
I will not snifer this ; madde fellow, is there 
No other Nymph in all these spsciaus woods. 
To fling thy wUde and rancie laughter at, 
Bnt her, whom thy great Deity even Pan 
Htmselfe would honor? doe not dare lo ulter 60 

The smallest accent if not cloeth'd with re v erence : 
Nay. doe not looke upon her but with eyes 
As bnmUe and submissive as thou wouldst 
Vpon the brow of Majesty, when it frownes : 
I speake but that which duty binds us all to ; 
Thou shalt not thlnke upon her, no not thinke, 
Without as much respect and honor to her 
As boly men in luperstitious zeale 
Give to the Inuiges they worship. 

Btll. Oh [ this Is the Gtslleman courtM me Ih' other 
day. 70 

Al. Why? have you gota Patient lo restiaine me ? 
Or doe you IhiDke your glorious sule can fright me ? 
Twould doe you much more cjedil at the Theater, 
To rise betwixt the Acts, and looke about 
The boxes, and then cry, God save you Madsune ; 
Or tteare you out In quarreling at an Ordinary, 
And make yotu oathes become you ; have you showne 
Your gmy apparell every where In towne. 
That yon can aflbrd us the sight ofl, or 
Hatb that Grand Divell whose ecllpped sergeant. So 
Ftighled you out of the City ? 

Pit. Your loose Jests 
When Ihey are shot at me, I acome lo take 
Any revenge upon them, but neglect ; 
For then 'tis rsshneue only, but as soone 
A* you b^n to violate her name. 
Nature and conscience loo bids me be angry. 
For then 'lis wldiednesse. 

At. Wdl, if it be so, 
I hope yon can forgive the stnne tbal 's post. go 



Wlthani tba dolofnn ilfbi of (rtOkHac iMiw. 
For I haie ej^ o( pamkc ; I 'me ooolant 
To let her icst in (lukel. tnt 70U have glTen me 
Pm leave r BbuK you, on the coadidoo 
Yon wUI rerenfe It onlf with Beglect, 
For then 'tii tuhneue onlj. 

Flo. What are jou failin(? 
Wberedidrou pkk theee ftaimnti tip oT wit f 

At. Where I pay'd deate eaoBgli a eooKkooa for 

They ihoald be more then (ntfrmcBU by their prioe ; 100 

I bought them lir. eren from the very Merchant! ; 

I iconi'd to deale with yoor poore City pedkn, that 

By reUyle : But let that pasie : Fer 'Hi M a/aify, 6*. 

Fla. Then yon have leeiie the City. 

A/. I and fell U too, I thanke the DiTeO : I 'me (ure 
It luckt up In three yeares the whole eatale 
My father left, though he were counied ncfa : 
A pox of forlome Caplaines, pltlifull tbiogi, 
Whom you mlilake for wuldiers, cnly by 
Theji lounding oathes, and a bufle Jerldti, and tie 
Some HiKorle* which tbey have learn'd by roate. 
Of battalia fbuEht in Ptrtia. at Polatia; 
Where tbey theniMlvel were of Ihe conqneriDit ride, 
Allhou(h God knowei one of tbe City Captalno, 
Ann'd whb broad acaife, feather, and icarlet breediei. 
When he InitnictE tbe youth on Holy-dayes, 
And ii made sjclie with fearfull noyie of Cum, 
Would pme tbem In Ihe art MiUtary ; these 
Were my first Leeches. 

FU. So. no wonder then yon ipeot so fast. 110 

AL Pish, these were nothing : 
I grew to k«epe your Poet* company ; 
Those are the soakers ; they refin'd me first 
Of those grosse humors that are bred by money, 
And made me sCreighl a wit, ai now yon lee, 
Ptr 'Hi hut a Jolly, &v. 

Fit. But hast thou none to Sing thy salt upon 
Bnl these bright vlrsini 7 

Al. Yes no* you are here : 
You are as good a Iheeme as I could wish. 130 

Hy. Til best for me to goe, whibt (hey are talUllK. 
For if I steale not from Alufis' sghl. 
He 'k follow me alt day to vex me. Exit. 

Al. What are you tanlsbing, coy Mlitris Hylaat 
Nay, 1 1e be with you nrdghi, but first ne fetch 
Paiameit : now if he can play his pan 
And leave off whining, wee'le have princely sport : 
Well, t may live in time to have (he women 
Scratch out my eyes, or else scould me to death ; 
t sliall deserve It richly : Farewell Sir. 14a 

I have employment wilh the Damsell gone 
And cannot now intend you. Exit. 

Fie. They 're both gone. 
Direct me now good love, and [each my tongue 

Ihou woo'dst thy P^hi wi(h. 

Ph. Oh I 

Let me a4oy oyMV a Ude while, 
Whidi wltbonl yoa I nmoL 
BtU. Pny let me goe. 

at bare, fcr th* WoHe 

Would laane to spare thy pnny Bocb, and be 

A* caieAill as tbe sbef^Msirdi dog to guard theoa : 

Nay If be should not. Pan would preaeot be. 

And keepe tby tender lambes in safety lor thee : 

For though he be a God he would not bfaish 

To be tby •erram. ifio 

BtU. Oh I you're courtly Sir ; 
But your fine words win not defend my sbeepe. 
Or stop (hem if they wando- : \jn me goe. 

Fit. Are you so feareftiD of your catld's Ioik. 
Yet BO n^ectfuU of my paidting t 
(For withonl yo£^how can I diooK but poUi^ 
Though I my selfe were 1 
Yet tor this reason only, that t kxve 
And honour you, I des e i v e more Iben tbey doe. 

BtU. What would you doe, that thm you urge my 
suy? 170 

Fh. Nothing I sweare that should offcnd a Saint, 
Nothing which can call up thy maiden blood 
To lend tby hce a blush, nothing wbldi diaste 
And Tenuous sisters can daiy their B ro th en ; 
I doe confesie I kxve you. but tbe Itre 
la which Jirv oouned his ambttkins MIsUs, 
Or that by holy men 00 Allan UiNlled, 
Is Dot so pure as mine is ; I would only 
Oase thus upon thee : feed my hungry eyea 
Sometimes with those brigtat tresses, whidi tbe wind iSv 
Farre happier (hen t, pbiyes up and downe in. 
And soTDctintes with thy cteekes, those rosy (wins ; 
Then gently touch thy hand, and often klst it, 
Tm thou thy selfe ihouldst cbo^ my modesty 
And yeeld thy lips ; but further, [hough than sbooU'st 
Like otber maids with weake realslaace aske it, 
(Which I am RiTc Ibou wilt not) I'de not oBb 
Till lawfnll Hymtm Joyne us both, and give 
A Ucence unto my desires. 

Bttt. Which I 190 

Need not bestow much hingnage to oppose : 
Fortune and nature have IbrbiddsD it. 
When they made me a rude and houiety weoch 
You (If your clothes andcariage be not lyai,) 
By state and birth a Gentleman. 

Flo. I hope 
I may without suspitiou of a boaster 
Say that I am so, die my lore were Impudence 1 
For doe you thinke wise Nature did intend 
You for a Shepheardesse, irtien she beslow'd 300 

Such paines in your creation } would she fetch 
The perfumes of AreHa for your breath ? 
Or ransack Patum of her choyoelt niBei 
T' adome your cheekes ? would she bereave the rock 



Of conll [or joorlips? uid catch two RaTTa 

Ai the; were faUing, which ibe ibnn'd joor ejri of? 

Would ihe bet Kire tnme w 

Threcds of the finat fold to 

Or lob Ihe Grot to 

And tBviDg finiiht quite the beaateom wonder, aio 

Hide It from pabh()ne TJnr and ulmlntion I 

No ; sbe would lel it on Kmie P]Tuiiide, 

To be (he spectacle of nuui]' eyes : 

And it doib grieve roe that my niggard fcrtUDe 

Rayi'd me imm np to higher anineacjF ; 

Not that I am ambitious of such bonon 

But thu throngb tbem I might be made more woithy 

To enjor jpou. 

Btlt. Yon are for oogbl 1 we 
Too great abcftdj ; I will either tin aaa 

Or if I marry, not belye my birth. 
But \fifat my idfe to some pklne vert 
(For Calliderm is lo, and I will i 

be dlher hi. or no bodye'K ) J ^'^■ 

Fh. Pray beare me. 

BtU. Alat I 1 have Sir, and doe thenfae row 
Prepare to amwer ; if this passion 
Bae love, roy fonune bids me to deny you ; 
If lust, my honesty commaiKii to tasiae you, 930 


Fie. O Slay a Uttle L but two worda : ibBtgoDe. 
Gone like t)>e glorious Sun, wbieh being tettc 
Nighl cnepes behind and ooren all ; some way 
I muM leeke out to win hs, v what s CMiCT 
(And the Uind man himieUe wiiboul a guide 
May find} goroe way to dye ; would I had beme 
Borne a poore shepbeard in theae shady woods. 
Nature is (tikU in her benefits 

And when she gives us honey, mingles galL atfi 

She said that if she mairied, the woods 
Should find a husband for bo-. I will wooe her 
In Sylvan hatut, (hen peirliaps she le love me—— 
Bat yet I will not, (ha('s b vaioe ; I will (00, 
It cannot him (o aj. Exit. 

Enter Alupis, Palamen, aftei them ffylact. 
At. Nay conie, she's Jnttbddnd us, are you nadyf 
When she sooulds, bee yon lowdcM ; if she cry 
Tb«n lau^ abundantly : thus we will vex her 
Into a good concdt of yon. 
Pal. rie warrant you ; you have ins(ructed me 

Hfl. la '( possitde that Btllula 

Fal. Fayre creature 

HyL Sore tbou wert bome to trouble me, who soit 

Pa. Whom an the Nymphi (though women use to tie 
At you know, envious (>f another's beauty) 
Coufesse the pride and glory of these woods, 

/fyl Wbeo did you make this speech ? 'tis a most 

Qoe, gel you gone, looke 10 your rotting cattdl, 
Vou'le Derer keepe a wife, who are not ablo ate 

To keepe your sbeepe. 

AI. Goodl she abuses him 
Now 'til a mliade he doth.not ay. 

Pal. Thou whom the stamsmigbt envy 'cause they are 
Outshone by thee on earth. 

Hyl. Piay get yoU gon. 
Or h<dd your prating longne, lor wtauoever 
Thou sayeH, I will not heare a syllables 
Much lease answer th«^ 

Pa. No ; I'le try that strdght 970 

I have a present ben 

Which'le give me leave, I shall presume 
To dedicate to your service. 

Hy. You're 90 cmming. 
And have such pretty wayes to entice roe with ; 
Coine let me see iL 

Pa. Oh I have you found a tongue? 
I thought I had Dol beene worth an answer ? 

Hy. How DOW ; wbat tricks are these? 
Give it me quickly, or aSo 

Pa. Pray gel you gon. or Itold your praling tongue ; 
For whatsoevB- thou sayesi 1 will not heare 
A syllable, much leise answer thee. 

Al. Good boy 'faith : now let me coroe. 

Hy. This is tome plot I see ; would I were goiK, 
I bad as lief see the wolie as this Almfii. 

Al. Here 's a fine Ring, I &ttb, a very pretty one ; 
Doe your teeth water al it Damsell? ha? 
Why we will sell onr sheepe, and oien, girle. 
Hang than scurvy beasts, to buy you pretty ►""•''i, ago 
That you rolghl laugh al us, and call at fboles 
And jean ui too, as Isire as your wit reaidiea. 
Bid us be gone, and when we have talkl two hoores. 
Deny to aniwo- us ; Nay you must slay SAt ^fin 

And heare a little more. te^gtm. 

Hy. Must I ? are yon 
The master of my businesaeP 1 will not. 

AL Faith txit you shall ; heare UierefiHe and be 

lie have thee made a I.Ady, yea a Lady ; 

For wtaen thou 'st got a chalne about thy nedm 30a 

And cooiely bobes 10 dandle in thine eams ; 

When thou 'it poAmi'd thy halre, that it Ihy famth 

Should be comipled, it m^bt 'scape unknowne \ 

And then beslow'd two boures in curling it. 

Uncovering Ihy breast hllho'. thine armes hither. 

And bad thy Fucns cmiooily tay'd on ; 

Tbon'dtl be the finest proud thing ; lie warrant thee 

Thou would'st outdoe thero alL So, now goe thee to her 

And let roe breathe a little ; FOr'HitKla/oUy, Ac 

Hy. Oh 1 is 't your lume to speake againe i no doubt 
But we shall have a good oration then, 311 

For they call yon the learned shepbeard ; well 
This is your love I saib 

Pa. Ha, ba.ha. 
What ihonld I love a stcoe i or wooe a picture t 
AIm [ I must be gone, for wluuioe're 

dbyGoot^lc — 


w; (O*. yoa tbtalM TM an, 

GaUa. Mtnalca'i duifbUT, BMmU, 
Or AmarytlU w 

My. TUitea 
No doobl (bcf ai 
Will tranbU me K> loot with jow laiw ariu ; 
Wbr do jron not woo* tbcm f 

ni. Patapa I doe ; 
lie Qot mU tod, became foa le •Bry tkaih 
And alwayet be diipraUng of Ibi^ bcaodea. 

Hf. It ituU appeare [ wiU not ; lor tie MOM 

A. Ha, ba, ha. 
AlufU do'tt tboa bean ber 7 ihale ay p 
Doe not deapatra 70! girie, by toot food iaiila|i 
You nar recall me Mill ; lonie few eatnatya 
HloKled with teana ta$.j gM a klaae perfaapa. 

Hy. 1 would BOI Uaw Ibea for the wealth of £M(t> 
Tboa wided pojB'd Ftilow. 

Pal. AtufU. 4h 1 
We hare iBoanal bar too nndl I bow iha lookaa i 
Prithee Atafij bdpa nc to lauaate, 340 

Yon know we did but }eal, daare HyUt*. 
Alvpii, prithee ipeake, bait, tieautaoiu Byla«t, 
I did but doe't (o try fou ; praj locftK Be, 
Vp(»i mr kneel I bene It. 

At. Hera'i a pretioni foole. 

Hyl. Do'ittbonitlllnMCkmer haK thoa Cooad nare 

Thott need'M aoi rex th; wit to move toy hate ; 
SowMT the Sunnc aod nairei ihatl ditae togalbw. 
Sooner the WoUemake peace with tamdg laMtna 
Then I with thee: ifaon'nadinaaetoma 350 

And wound's xay ejrea. BicU. 

Pat. Etentall night InnilTe me I If than t>e 
A puniihment, (bat inre thne ii not aajr) 
Greater then what her anga hath Inflicted, 
Haj that fan on me too? how have 1 (ool'd 
Away m]' hope* 1 bow have 1 beene mj selle 
To m J owne selfe a theefe 1 

Al. I t(dd you tbli. 
That if ahe should but frewoe, you mutt need* Ul 
To jrour old tiicki agalne. 360 

Pa. Ii tbi* yonr art ? 
A lover'i duae upon it ; <% I Alwfii 
Thou bast done wme then mmtlxred me : for vhkli 
May all thy flocka pioe and decay like me : 
May thy cunt wit hurt all, but moat itj Master ; 
May'at thou (for 1 can vi(h no greats- ill) 
Love one like me. and be, like me, cmilemn'd. 
ThoD'aitall the darts my tongue can fliog al thee, 
Bat I will be reveng'd some other way 
Before I dye, which cannot now be liuig. 370 

Al%. Po<ve Shepheard, I btfin to pltly him. 
I 'ie lee if I can comfort him ; PalaaitH, 

Pal. Nay, doe not Ibllow me ; gride, pajnoa 
And troubled thoo^U an my oompaniaoi ; 

Tba« I bad mber eauradM iWa tkaa i 
If yo« chocaa lUi way let me goa the othw. 
And In both pana diiBHtad crrar, the* 
May lero^ie qniddy meet, nay dMth meM ma. 

Aim, Wen. I ■ " " 

I would not EMM 
For any good, they without doobl laodd pM m^ 
ir h be poadUe into a St of wilaimii. 
Thoimh fnB*tm Mfalfy. ko. 
WeS ; I most find aama plM yat to aalre tUa 
Becauie I ban aotaged my wH In ttaa liuiliwi. 
And 'twOdU b* a gnat tca^aU to tb* Qda 
If I who have ipeBi my meane* Ibere, abouU not be 
Able to cheats then ibeptacards. How now, faew aov. 
Have we moRdlKieaaedlonn barer '£a*pj^*raa. 

AfA. No, I'me a maddemaa. sgi 

At. I ga*eaifarewdgbameatllBl b 

Nay, doa m 
Arery Hadmoo. 

,*/. Ag< ■ 
Tfaai gentile a Gome ai 
I bare knowne great noes 
But whM eanae pray drav 

AfA. WhyaMitttis, 

Irapoarain iby ilaepy eyca, 
Do'M than not tee hs yet r nor yet, nor yet ? 

Aim. No Is good tnith. 411 

Afk. Thou'it doll and Ignocant, 
Not akU'd at aQ in do^M Attiulogy ; 
Let me instruct thea. 

Aim. Prithea doe, for Ibov 
Art In an admlraUe ease to teach now. 

Af. rie ibew thee fint aQ the coeleMiall tigoes ; 
And to begin, looke on lliat horsed bead. 

Al. Wboseis'tr yupiltr'it 

Ap. No, 'tis tbe Rmmme I 
Next that, tbe spacions Bull fils 19 tbe place. 4ai 

Al. Tbe Bull? 'til welt, the Uknm of Ibe Guard 
Intend not to some thither ; if they did 
The Gods mi^t chance to lose their bsde. 

Ap. And then. 
Yonder '■ tbe ligne of Gtadmi, io'at see it? 

Aim. Yes, yes, I tee one of tlie saalous iliten 
Mii«led in friendship with a holy bother. 
To beget Reformaiioni. 

Ap. And there sits Caprictnu. 

Al. AWelcfamaail'tnot? 43 

Ap. There Caiutr mefta along with gOQty pace, 
A* if his feet were sleepy 1 tbere, Doe you maAe it? 

Ai. I, t, Aldennan-like a-walklng after dinner. 

Digitized by GoOt^le 


HI* pumdi onchargd irftfa ckpOD ud wlih wUM br«tb. 

Ap. Bat DOW, mm, now, now, gue tunaSiy : 
H>d(t thoa u man)> ej'cs ai the blacks night 
T\xf wouU be all too little : teot thoa Vitfo t 

AI. No \>j lay troth, tbere are so Tew on eatth, 
t ihonld be lotb to twean tllCTe 's mgre hi beaveA, 
Then oaelT one. 4^0 

Ap. That wa> inr Miitiis ooee, tntisoflate 
Tnndated to the hefght of deioT'd £k»r, 
And addei new onuunenu M the vondring beareAk 
Why doe I Saj behind thai, a meera notfaliig 
Withottt ba preuoce to give life and behi| ? 
If tbcn be any hill whose lofty top 
Nunre haih made contlguoni wllfa beaTcc, 
Tbotigta it be iteepe, niggeil *a fftftun/i tntnr. 
Though ann'd with cold, with hang«, and dlJeaStt, 
And aD the other aonldiaa of mlsay, 450 

Yet I would cUmbe It np, that I mlffal come 
Next plaoa to thee, and thae be made a stanc 

Al. I prithee doe, for amongil all the beasta 
That belpe to nuke up the ooeleitiall signet 
Thse'i a Ckllie wanting yet. 

Al. Nay, I hSTc leam'd enoagfa AMiptogy. 

Af. Hunger and blntoette hare already seai'd me ; 
lis a long journey thitber ; I ibail want 
FtavUon ; canst thoa helpe me. gentle (bepheatd? 460 
And wben I am come thltbix I wili snatdi 
Tbe Crowne of AriaJiu, and i&ng 't dowiM 
To tbee fat a reward. 

Al. No doubt you wfll ; 
But you (hall need no vlctiBli, when yon have ended 
Voor toylcKHne Jonniey ; Idll the Ram you taike of. 
And feed yonr leUe with raoaX Ceteitlall mutton. 

Af. Thou'rt in theiigbt ; iflhey deny methat 
lie phick the Beaie downe from the Attlqne Pole, 
And dnwne it In those walcn it avoldi, 470 

And daies not toncb ; lie tngge the Hyai*t 
And nuke them to linke downe In spight of Natnre ; 
lie meet wltb ClutrUi bis Wayne, and OTertnrne it 
And bnake tbewheelei of 'I, till BBeita start 
For feara, and grow more slow then e're he was. 

AS. E^ tUi good light he'le inuile the Hoone anon ; 
Here's woidi Indeed would fright a Conjurer. 
TIs pfi^ that these hage Gigsnttcke ipeecbes 
Are Dot i^on the stage ; they would doe rarely ; 
For none woold nnderstand ibem ; 1 could wish 4B0 
Some Poet here now, witb his table-bo(Ae, 

Ap. I1e cnllis with Palltis, and out-ride thee, Caitar; 
Wben tbe fiore Lyon roares Tie pludie bis heart out 
And be cali'd Cm^/^M ; IlegiappIewiththeScorpiOD' 
Teke his sting out and fling him to the earth. 

Al. To me good Sir, 
It may perhaps rayse me a great estate 
With shewing it up and downs tor pence ajdece. 

Ap. Alffida freed the earth from savadg 
And I Win free tbe heavens and bee call'd 
Den fftrcula, Altida dt ttc*»ia. 

AL A bTBTe CasHllan name. 

Af. Til a hard taske, 
Bn if that fellow did so much by strovtb, 
I may wed do't ■tm'd both wltfa km and tfOf. 

Ahif. or which ibon bast enoagfa. 

Apk. Farewdl thou ratle ; 
Tbe Cedar tM* the slwwb a^eV. 

Al. FareweU. 
JAnt fierculti, AlcUa di itetiHie. jgo 

If tbonscar'it any, 'twill be by ttial naoM. 
This is a wonderfaD rare fellow, and 
T Ube U hnmor miebtlly who s bvef 

Enter lYuga. 
The Oironlcle of a hundred years agoe I 
How nkany crowe* hath she oulliv'd ? sme itaA 
Hath quite forgot ber ; by tfali MnuHto mari 
1 most invent some trick to helpe Palmmat. 

Trw. I am going agalnelo CaiKdBrui, 
B«l 1 have got a betto' present now, 
My owne ring made of good Ebony, 510 

Wlikh a yong handsome shepheaid benow'd bn me 
Some fooreaoore years agoe ; then they all lov'd me, 
1 «u a handsome L^iae, 1 Was In those dayex. 

Al. I io thoa wen lie warrant-, here's good ilgne 
Now lie b^iin dia WNfce, lUremid Truga, 
Whose Tery Autumne sbewes how Morions 
The qving-llnie of your youth wu— ^ 

r™. Aie you borne 
To pal jont moeka upon me? 

AL 1 doe oontene indeed my fotiner spOeebH sen 
Have beene too rude and sancy ; I have flung 
Hadde Jesti too wildly at yon ; bnl condderlng 
The rererence which Is due to age. and vartne, 
I have tepented : Wilt you see my teaie* ? 
And beleeve them 7 (Ob for an onyon now I 
Or I sbaU laugh alowd ; ha, ha, ha 1} A$iit. 

Tnt. Alas good toule, I doe (bigive yon tru^ ; 
T would not have yoti weepe for me ; indeed 
T ever thooght you would repent at losL 

Al. You might w^, 530 

But the light valewiog of year worth and vertne 
Hatb liu^'d the tolly of my fbrtncT icome 
Into a wiser reverence ; pardon me 
If 1 Ky love. 

Tnt. I, I, with aU my hoirt, 
But doe yon speftke dncerely? 

Al. Ob 1 [I grieves ma 
That you should doubt it ; what I ipoke before 
Were lye«, tbe off-spring of a foolish rnshnesse ; 
I see some ipailu sliU of yonr former beanty, 540 

Which splgbt of time will flourish. 

Tn. Why, I am nol 
So old as you Imagined ; I am yet 
Bat fbnrescore yeares. Am I a Joau^nr now ? 
How doe yon thinke P I almyes did beleeve 
You'd be of another opinion one day ; 
I know yoD did bat jen. 

,4£ CHi Dc^ oh no, (I sea it take*) AiUi. 



How foa bdr jMff ■! 
A BMa woold ttka )Fo 
So«»e farty TfwtarlhHwIiuiiti <l m 
NotajMiMr ~ 
Trv. ObM 

^A I 
Wtdiow ]m >iB*Dce. 

7Vh. Doe in /^'i mam. doe i 

y4A Tbe Mselr fnrit]' which 
And malui fov Mill 

Trw. Aki food a»k I I lODtf MMM ooy M SM. 
Bal not loo Vk^, im fan I ^KMdd quiu loM him. 

^;. That I ahaU petlrii BtUrij. ttnloM 
Your (enile nUm hdpe Bte. 57a 

TVw. AIM good ShepfaMfd 1 
And ia tnxh I faloe would helpa jv 
Bm I am put ihMa nnltki of kne. 

^/. Oh 00 1 
Wiw Datm whld praen'd roor Hfc till bow 
Doth it tmranir fon ifaoold enjo; ihiiB pkMBVi 
Wbidi doc bdoiw to Ufa, if yon deny b» 

TVs. Wdl, TOO ibooid dm win na 
But tint I an loath to be bdd the caoM jte 

Of any yoong maa'i nunc ; doe aot lUaki It 
If y want of diaMity, but my good nature 
Which woald ne M oM luut 

Al. Ah pretty Mxile I Aai*, 

How (npple 'til Uka wu btfora the Son 1 
Now ouuwt I dnucbtu klw btr. theta '■ itaa plagiM 

of 11 
Let '1 thai Joyna our beam, and Mak them with a Une. 

Tm. WdL lit ni thai : 
Twere indvUiiy to be yoqr ddXor ; 
lie glTC baeke agaiDe your Umc, iweel heart, 590 

And come ia Ih' afUnioooe, lie see you ; 
My hiuband will be gna to icU lome Une, 
And Hytaet lending the iheepe ; till tlien 
nueweU good DocIl (Ofin Mjw.) 

But doeyoD liearc, becanae you ihall nmember (TVnwi 
To come I'le give thee here thii Ebon ring ; tatk.^ 

Bat doe not weare it, IcK my hniband dunce 
To lee t : Farewdl DncL 

Al. Ldt tier hnibasd chanee 
To we 't ; iba cannot doiy tliii, here 1 enough ; 600 
Uy Scceoe of love ii done then ; ii ibe gone ? 
rie call her back ; ho Tmga,- Truga ho : 

TVv. Why doe you call me Duck ? 

AL Qtiij to aik« one foolidi qneMkn of thee : 
Ha'n't you a hndand ? 

Tru. Yei, yon know I have. 

At. Aad doe 70a lore lilm? 

TVw. Why dee you aike? 1 doc 
At. VclyMCMbeooneMlomaiR 
TVw. R^vtbatomafoopcalihii 

TV*; Oh, yn'rv dlepca'd lo je« I 

Al Nay. Tma ta nry mfmaa j I km you r 
Why thy face it a tliard. 

Tfmg. L^BvaoO'tbeKtridlt.I AalllKaagiTclM; 
And take away Ae fmramt I beMow'd. fiao 

Al. TbkBOWBCikUIhonhaHeyeifaylhehokaiady. 
Whkl ate CTcpt hrtbei in. then tliy nose out. 

Thai a Wilde Caiaan ' 
To eoadnde. Natmc n 
Only diapoa'd to jm ; and length of time 630 

Trm. Buevillalne, is this your love f 
Ckit me ny riag againe f 

AL No, BO ; icA ttara : 
1 iDtend to beMowe ft oa your fauAand ; 
He'lekeepeit better fane then you have do^ 

Tng. What ihall I doe? Alufii good Altifii, 
Stay btu a little while, pray doe but heare mt. 

AL No, lie come 10 you in the aftcmoou : 
VourhoAaKlwillheidUagarBomeUae 640 

And /(r''"* teodiac (he ilieepe. 

Tra. Pray heare rae, command bm anytbiiv 
And ha but rileot of dila, good AM^it; 
Hi«h, Hugh, Hugh. 

Al. Yes. Yes, I win be taent. 
lie only blow a trumpet on yon hlU. 
Till all (be oountrcy nrainei are Bocb aboM me. 
Then ihew the ring, and tall the pannes 
Twlxt you and me. 

TVw. Abu I I am undone. (jga 

AL Well now 'tis ripe : I Imk had ^cst eao^ta 
Since I behold your peniteatiall tiares 
lie pnqxue Ihii to you, if you can get 
Your Daughter to be married to PaJ*mm 
Thli day, for lie allow no kmger time ; 
To mcnTow rie restore your ring, sod swears 
Never to meslioa what is paK betwiil na. 
If not you know what ibilowes take yam' choyse. 

Tm. rie doe my beil endCTaDT. 

Al. Goe make bast thee, 660 

You know your time 'shut sboR, anduseitwifl; 
Now if this Uk, the Dinl 's hi all wiL 

lie goe and thnut It fcrwanl. If it take^ 
ru ting ay»ji tlu dity, 
F»r 'til tut afiUf 
To it wKlaiuielfy. 
L4I 't lint lun ibUIu ww luy. Sxii. 

fiiti$ Actus Ttrtij. 


Actus IIII. Scaena I. 

Enter Callidorus, Bellula, FJoreHus. 

CAL Prmy follow me no mow, me thlnki IhM 
Which u lO livel; painted Id jaax llue 
Should prompt rmrnwiden bean with learei and bbuhet 
To tnmt TOW leUe in wa much prlralnaue 
With one 70a know IKlt. 

B*l. I ihonld la*e tlxMC fcarel 
And call thMi hopa, could I poiwade mj idfe, 
■nvn waa m modi beats In jon u to caiue them ; 
Plilhae leave me ; it thou doM bope mcceMe 
To thine ownelova, why inloiqit'MtlMniiiilDe? lo 

Flf. If love canle yod 
To foUow hini, how can TOO angi; bee ? 
Becaoie love forces me witbout r tniwnnw 
To do the aame 10 jcn t 

BtU. Ijon iboiild not gnnr 
So tobtill ai to pla; with aifiuDenU. 
FU. Lore ibonld not be an enemy to reatoo. 
Cai. ToloveisotitJelfeakindofFollj, 
But to lore one who cannot render badt 
Equal! dedie, i> DotUng die but madnfawe. ao 

StlL Tdlhlmio; 'ti« a. leeeon be aboold leane. 
Fh. Notlolo*el*ofiiidfeaklndirfbaTdDcue, 
But not to knc htm who bath ■Iwqw woo'd yon 
^mth cfaait deifrei. it BoUdng le«K then QFrannT. 
BtB. Tell him w ; 'lii a len^ be ihoold letaae. 
Call, Whf doe jon follow him tbatSyei from jon 7 
Fl». Wbf (toe j'oufljItmabiiD that foUowa your 
8^1. Vliii ioejoata]\sm1 Why doe you flj from me? 
CalL The Fate* command me that I mult not love 

Fle. The Fates 

Btll. The FalM Irapoee tbe like command on me, 
That ycfi I mnM, that ycm I cannot lore. 

me. Vnhappy man I when I bcxin to doath 
Uy low with wofdi, and ooun her with penwaifooi, 
She Mt vlf tmmOT'd, and doth not cleaie ha brow 
Of tbe lea« wiilAle which late there before ; 
' ih an amoroua noyie 

He flyei thira me, and will not cKaie hii brow 
Of any ckmd which corered It before ; 
So when the ransliiiv Nichtiegaie hath lun'd 
Her moumfoll ootei, and ellenc'd ail tbe bii4t, 
Yet the deaie wind Oirli by, and in dlMlaine 
With a rude wbiitle leaoes her. 

CaL We are all three 
Vnbappj ; bome to be tbe proud example 
Of Love'i great Ood-bead, not bii Ood-like gi 
Let ui not call upon our selves tboie miieries 
Whldi lore hath not, and dioie it halh beare bcavely 
Our desirei yet are like some hidden text, 
Where one word leemes to contradict another, 
Tfaey are Love'i nonsence, wrapt up in Ihlcke clouds 
Till Fate ta pleai'd to write a Commencaiy, 
Wbidi doubtlesse twill ; till ibeu let n* endoie. 
And loand a parlee to our poxdoni. 6a 

Btll, We may jayne bands though, may we not 

Fit. We may, and Ups too, may we not ? 

BtU. We nuy ; come let 's nt downe and talke. 

Cal. And kx>ke upon eadi otbo-. 

Pla, Then kisse againe. 

BtU. Then looke. 

Call Then talke againe : 
What are we like ? the hand of Mother Katnre 
Would be quite pos'd 10 make our almile. 

Flo. We are the Trigon In Love's Hemisphere. 70 

Btl. We are three airings on fVaiu' daint/st Lule, 
Wbse all three binder one aDOlha''s mnikk, 
Yet all three joyne and make one banaony. 

Call. We are three flowers of VtHuf dainty garden. 
Where all three joyne, and make one nos^ay up. 

Fit, Come let us kisie againe, 

BtIL And looke. 

CalL And talke. 

Flo, Nay rather sing ; your lip* are Nature's organs. 
And made for noughl lease «weet iben hannony. So 

Call. Pimydoe. 

Bill. Though I forfeit 
My little skill in singing to your wit. 
Vet I win do 't, since you command. 


AudnaHelmt^at mHi i i matJiilhfroot! 

B»t ifaiifaiattUitrt'i no mhfaim. 
At 'lit A /"t, amd net it lav'itigaimt. 



X of nr mlad, n^, bm thcntod 

Wkou wUli, mtam mimdt. Mtm kiarU a 

Had tb* Mine >fe x 


Wbo drew tU lo him b; hli hnmonj, 
Tboa wonld'jt have dimwne lo thee. 

Cd/. Come, iluJl we Hk? 

S>//. If h ^cue rou, I wilL 

Call I caoDM choH uo 

Bui plE^ tiaaat tm I,o««n, aad am uken 
Much with the wrioui uUm of their puAn. 
Let 'a got uid tt, ff we cui bnake thli net 
In which we iJl u« cangfal ; If uj dmb 
Aike wbo we are, we'la mlj we are Lom'i riddle. 

Enter jCgon, Paltnum, Alupii. 

Pa. Thoa art my better Ge&Iiii, hooen jS/^. 

AL And what am I ? 

Pa. MfUlfe, m]P Hiale, ray (rioid. 
Let me hucfe (bee Almpii, and thee jCgat ; 
Tbee for iDTcnling it, thee for puniiif it iio 

In act; Bui doe jou thlnke [he plot will bold? 

Ala. Hold? why lie wairanttbeeitihall hold. 
Hil wc hare ty'd you both in wedlock bn ; 
Then let the bondi of Uatilmoole bold yoa : 
If 'twm, if that will not neither, I aa tell you 
What wiU I'me lure ; A Halts. 

Tktm ang, 4c 

/Kgtm. Come, (ball we knock 1 

Al. I doe ; Fm- 'lis, 4c, 

jSgen. Ho 7>*ipi,' wbo'i within there? lao 

Al. You, WiiHtr. Ho, you that the grave expecled 
Some htmdred y^e* tfo, you that Intend 
To Uk till you tnine Sktltttn, and make 
All men aweaiy of ym but Pbyiitiaiu, 
Pox on you, will you come ? 

Enter 7V^j». 

Tn. Icome, I oome, who's there? who* there? 

AL Ob, IngoodUmel 
Are yoa crawl'd here at Ian ? wbal are you ready 
To give your Daoghts up 7 the time roakei hasi 
Looke here, doe yon know thii ring ? i^g 

Tm. Harke aside I pray, 
Vou have not told theie, ha«e yon ? 

Al. No good Duck, 
Only I told them that your mind Wai altered. 
And that you Uk'd Palamam, lo we lluee 
Came here to plot the meanei. 

Trtt. So, (o, you 're welcome 
Will yoD £oe in and lalke about it 7 Sxtimt. 

Enter HyUue. 
Hyl. I wonder why my mother ihonld htrlte 
AlufU and PalmuuHi Into th' bouse : 14a 

To |H ■■ (OM, and tMm tboi ibaie In pri>Me : 
By yoor good b*av Hother, I wmat be 
Fv dda daa dJwbedkM ; ban Ik t— rif , 

Enter Tmga, Alamm, <^im, AM^. 
'^f"!. Ceoie lie tell yoo. 
Yob know yowr hnriand bath rrf 


To Mire tU* graod eaoeptioa of iMd^at 

lie feomiBe (kM ft/*— ^all be mad* 


Tm. Alai ht knowM yo* bare a Dm^ 

'^. It ii reported die b Uat hi lore 

With the new ihephcard ; fbr whleh ouue 1 

To be lacenM mon itarply, and > M i i w >M « 

E're 10 aekwnriedge her (or efaU of tfna. 

Tn. TliTvywell; 

Why an we not Mw en 


Ue ihhikea he riioDld Imt« (m ammm 

Wby are not I and beaateoa* Hjfbttt 

Hfl. Soft, good bMty LofW, 
I ihaU <rihe bceake Ibc nack of yov laffe bopA 
Or Tme nriWakea maih. 

jB£. Cbma lei't be gone 
Tnif ParewdL F 

Al. OrebeyoQki 

TVw. Ilewarraat. 
At thla age, I ibanke I^m, in nefa a beataoK. 

Al. Cwwu ring, ftc 

/fr. I ki 

I, to ne my a| 
tSrow K 
1 ihall quite di 

Bridle m famglitv ; Fate bdpe the ta 
AltbonghmyUothCT'cfalK, tbe Qodt an trot 

Enter ClariaMa and her Maid. 
Cla. Did yon conimi 
M. I did forrcodi. 

Cla. Andhanyonihnt diedoona? J/, Vea. 
cj: Utb 

M. Your corioDi enquiry mu 
And I could wiab jon wotild ei 



It I llMNdd Mk« lb« KUOD. 

CL Tboa knowcit well 
Tint tboa hut found me ahrayes liker to 
Thy KimwodMa (ben Minrii ; that diy brat 
HubaaketheCaMoelDrall my aecrcts ; 
TUi 1 icQ thee, dm ta an aprobralkn, 
Dot beouue I man Teqniic tby fahh 
AndcomudlbcK. And tborefiire prithee swore — 

M. SwouT? to doe what } 

a. To ba iDoie lEInl then the dead of night, 
And to tby power to bdpe me. 

M. Wotdd mj power 
To anin you were as leady as my wiQ, 
And for my tongue that MiMris I 'le condanne 
Vnto perpetoatl dtenoe, ae it diall 
Betray the amaUest word that you commit to 't. 

O, Nay doe not sweare, I wQl not wnmg thy votue 
To Und ft with an oath, lie leU thee aD ; 
Dolh not my face t 
Dotfa not ay eyelookea 
From my fond beait7 coold iiot my freqaent weepdngi, 
Uy sudden rigbes, and abrapt tpeeehes tell thee 
What I am growne ? 

ii. You >ie the same ytm woe. 
Or die my eye* are lyan. 

CI. No, I 'me a wretched Lorer ; coold'tt tboa not 
Read that aai of my bhubea ? Ge upon thee ; aii 

Tboa art a itovlce In Love's sdioole I see ; 
Trust me I eary at thy ignorance. 
That canst not toA out Cmpiis characurs 
In a Ion Mayd r son thou dtdst nertr know him. 

M. Would yoD dum trust me wtth his name ; 
Sme be had chaimes aiioal bim that might tempt 
CfaMt Votaries, or move a Soytfalan rook 
. Wbtn he shot fire Into your chaster bmst. 

CI. I am aibani'd to teU tbee, pdtbee gbesse bfan. 

jr. Wbytlslmposdble. a3i 

Ct. Tboa saw'sl the gentleman whom I this morning 
Bnmght in to be my guest. 

ii. Yes, but am Igooiant, wfao, oi from whence he Is. 

CL Thoa shak know all ; 
Hie beshneise of the morning did invite me 
To waike abroad ; there I began to thinke 
How I had loil my botbo- ; that one thought 
Uke circles in the water bqat many ; 
TlioaB and the pleaant reiduie of the Gelds a40 

Hade me forget the way. and did entice ma 
Pkrther then either feare or modesty 
Else would have niffred me ; beneath an oake 
Whidi spread a Bourisbing Canopy round about, 
And was it selfe alone almost a wood, 
1 fomid a GenilemaD distracted strangely, 
Oying ilowd for eilber food, or sleepe. 
And knocking his while hands against the grtnmd, 
leaking that groane Kke roe ; when I bdield it, 
Pitty, and (care, both proper to us women, bJo 

Dt^re my feet backe brre swifter then they went. 
When I came home, I tocAe two semnti with me 

And feldi'd tbe gentleman \ hither I brought him, 
And with such cbeare as then the house afforded. 
Replenished him ; he was much mended suddenly, 
b now Rsieepe. and when be wakes I hope 
Will find Ub senses perfect 

M. You did shew 
In this, what never was a sliangcr to you, 
Mndi piety ; but wander from your subject ; 
You have nol yet discovered, who it is 
Deserves your love. 

Ct. Fy, Fy, bow dull thou art. 
Thou dost not use in other things to be so ; 
Why I love him ; His name I cannot tell ibee : 



M. Vou need not feai't forsooth. £1*1^ Afknm. 

CI. Leave me alone with him ; withdraw. ayo 

U. I doe. Bxitiiaia. 

Af. Where am I now? under the Noctheine Pole 
Where a perpetual! winter binds the ground 
Aud glaieth up the flouds 1 or where the Sun 
With neighbouring rayes bakes the divided earth, 
Aod driukes the ijvers up P or doe I sleepe ? 
Is 't not some IboUsfa dteune dehides my fancy ? 
Who am I ? I begin to question that. 
Was not my countrey SiHfy t my name 
Call'd AplBVn, wretched Afknm t 18a 

Cia. Yce good Gods 
FMliid ; is this tbat man who was the c*use 
Of all the griefe (or Calliiarai losse t 
Is this the man that I so oft have curst? 
Now I could almost haJe him, aod me thinkes 
He is nol quite so handsome as he was ; 
And yei alas he is. though by his meanea 
My Brother is gone from roe, and heaven knowes 
If I shall see him more : Foole as I am, 
1 cannot chuse but love biro. ago 

Af. Cheale me not, good eye*. 
What woman, or what Angd doe I ne? 
Ob slay, and let me worship e're tboa goesL 
Whether tboa beest a Coddeiw, wfakh thy beauty 
Commands me to beleeve, or else aoote moitall 
Which [ the rather am induc'd to thinks. 
Because 1 know the Gods all bate me so, 
Tbey would nol looke upon me^ 

CI. Spare these lilies, 
I am a wietcbed woman, who for ptity 
(Alas that I should pitty 1 'I had Un betti 
That I bad beene remortlesse) brought you hither. 
Where with some food and rest, thanks to the Gods 

Af. My good Angell I 
I doe remember now that I was madde 
¥at vnnt of meat and sleepe ; thrice did the Sun 
Cbeere all the world but me. thilce did the night 
With silent and bewiichfaig darknease give 
A resting dme to every thing but Afkrtti. 31 




loves RIDDLE. 

The Ui, Uw Imuu, Um Uidi, (Ik miilliw cmMn. 
Add Uw MOM dopioiMa nor'd laeurclr. 
Tlw ■fulik bead of enr; u«e br jAWh 
Wu TOcki milnpc and ihooke m IT k ooddod. 
The «raak«d inmuulDei Mcm'd lo bow and ahaDbcr, 
The my ilnn ca*'d (hefc- dally mnrmBr, 
NoihlDg did waieii. boi the pale UeoM. and I 
PidcT than ihee ; Criefe wedded w lUi tofla 
Whal ebe could It bcgd bnl frsatk^oeHe? 
Bm now me '"■^—. I am vf$ owse, ny bralM 3BI 
Swimnet not ai h wai wool \ O brictaual Vbiia 
Shew me •oete way by which I m*)' be graufuU, 
And If I do t Doi, k( an cuimU Rinul* 


C/. Alu I 'iwai only 
Mr tore, and if yon wUln 
Pay (hat I lenl yon. lie n 
The Prlodpall'i cao^^ 

<i/. Yon tpeaka in mitu. 

CL Vou'ra loth pcrikapi 10 nnd<nt*nd. 33a 

/t/. If yon intend that I ihoald lo*e and honour you. 
I doe by all the Oodi. 

Ct. Bui I am eoretotu in my demuub, 
I am not HlUficd with wind-lilie pramima 
Which only touch the llpi 1 I aike yoor bean 
Your whole heart (or me. In exchaoia of mine, 
Wliicfa 10 1 fan to you. 

Af. Ha I you aniaie me. 
Oh I yon have ipiAen aomelhlnf wone Uica Ufhtnlng, 
That blaiu the Inward parti, kkfei the ootward 

Mr (latiludc conuMod* tne 10 obey yon, 
Bui I am home a Bnm. and have lho)e paidon* 
Figbling within me. whkA I mutt obey. 
WhilM CalHdffra liva, althoogb ibc bee 
Ai o^iell, >i thy braail 1* Kilt and (entle ; 
'Til linne lor me (o ttiinke of any otber. 

CI. You cannot love me tboi ? 

Af. I doe. I Eweare, 
Above my idfe I doe : my lelfe ? wliat mid I ? 
Alas I that 'i DothlDg ; aboie anythinc 350 

But heaven and CQiliiara. 

CI. Fare yoo well Iheo, 
I would DOI doe that wrong 10 one 1 lore, 
To urge bim futhec then hii power and will ; 
Farewell, remember nc when you are gone. 
And happy in the love of CalHOera. Bxil. 

Af. When 1 doe not, may I forget my idfe : 
Would I weie madde agalne ; llien I might rave. 
With privjledge, I should not iuiow the giielis 
That hurried me about, 'twere bello' brre jfio 

To loae the leoiei, then be lonnred l>y them. 
Where Is she gone^ I did not aslie her name, 
Foole (hat I wa*, alai poore GaitlewaDian I 
Can any one love me i yee crudl Gbda, 
Ii't not enough that I my selfe am miienble. 
Must I make otben to toot He goe in 

u1 b 

lie grieve with ber, that is in 

a comfort. 

Enter Ah^, Mtlanua, 7>ifgm, Palxmam, 

Pa. Before alien yon dcnyed joo' Dangfaler to nw 
Twas Fonmtc'* buh, not oi^e. but ataoe good Fate 370 
Or rather ASgvm, batter faite (ben Fata 
Halh taytd mm op to what you «ym'd 


Coyne any aecood argwneol h 

titl Come, no natlet to (hat -. 
Yes, I oould wish you were le 
Yon bare a viae call'd Poeile whkb much 
Diqtleaieth me, bat no matter for (hat neitlMT. 

At. Alas t hee*le leave that straight 
Whm be has got but money ; Ite that swtat 
In Taitu, never will goe bMh to HtUtm. 
Besides, when he luuh married Hjlatt 
Whom should he wooe, to pnise her iiomely feal 
Her skin like lalling snow, her eyes Uka stairBi, 
Ho- cheekes like roses {which are minon pince 
Of an your loven' pralaes) Ab I Ibosa vaaitk^ 
TUngi quite at light, aul faoliih as ■ Uittiis, 
Are by a HiHris first liegot, and left 
When they leave ber. 

Pa. Why doe yon Ihinke thai Poeae 
An art which even the Gods 

At. Poi on your arts. 
Let him tUnke what he win ; wiMt 's that to na? 

jSgoK. Well, 1 would gladly have an aniwei \ 

If you conceive your Daughter is so good, 
Wee will not presse you, but Meke oi 
Who may pi " 

Pa. Which is 

AI. Rot on y( 
Thy mouth Uke a erackt fiddle never aoonds 
Bui out of tune : Come, put on Tnga 
Vou'le never speakenntoset shew Ibc ring. 

Tm. Ye^ yes, I doei I doe : Doe yon beare sw«e 
An you madde to fling away a (onnoa 
Thai 's thnul upon you, you know jEgtm'i ildL 

tilt. Com^ no matter for that. 
That 's thrust upon me P I would Une see any man 
Thrust ought upon me ; but 's no matter for iliai, 
I will doe that which I inlend lo doe, 411 

And 'lis no matter for that neitber, that 'sthrntt upon ne 

Pa. Come, what say yon, MilamMt f 

Mrl. WhAt lay It 'lis no matter what I say. 
I *le speake lo jCgtm, if I ipeake to any. 
And not to you ; but 00 maiiet for that ; 
Harke yon, will you lenve all the meanes you have 
To this PalamMi t 

Tru. I Duck, he sayea be will. 

ifft. Pith. 'tis no mailer for that. lie bean bim My so 

iSg. I wlU. and here doe openly fawest, 431 

TImI unce my Bttluta (mine tbu wai once) 
Thinkei her lelfe wiser then her Esther is. 
And will be govcm'd rather l>y iier pt 



llMn b; the ■[Mill thai I procxlbe lo her, 
That I will oner eoaoi ber a* my DmoghUr. 

AL WeU acud br Ood Pam / we but what 'tii 
To have nw far a (oMr to Ukm ngaaita. 

M*L Bui icU me dow, food ludshboor, what esate 
Doe jon Inuod to give him 1 

Mg. HuUsMale 430 

Whicfa Fomme and mjp oan hath ffrea to me ; 
The moiter whicfa I bwe, and that '« nol imidi, 
The ibeepe and GoHi. 

iM. And not tbe oseo too ? 

jBg. Ves ; enry thing. 

Mtl. The Hmei too 1 

tSg. I leil yoa. enrj thing. 

AL Bj Paji beele make him promiashlm pailicalail]r 
Ead thing afaon the nlew of a Beane'i-etrew. 
VoDle leave hiin the pailes too, to mllke the Kine b, 44a 
And *"""**- for the honea, will ]Pou not f 

ittt. 1, I, what die ; but 'tis no nutter fix that, 
I know Palmmum 'j an bigenioiu man. 
And love him tbeiribfe ; But'i do malierfbr that neither. 

Ag. Well. liDoe we are both agreed, whj doe we 

loDgi I' imbrace hli Hytaa. 

U*L I. I, 'til no matter Ibt that ; within thii hotire 
Wee will be ready : ^geit, pnj be ]Fou 10 ; 
Farewdl nijr ion in Law that thall be, 
But'i no matter lor that : Farewell all : 450 

Cooie Tr»ga. BxtiatI Milarmu and Truga. 

jBg. Come mlhen, let'i not stay too kmg in trifling ; 
Patmman goe, and prepare your selfe agaliut the time. 
rie goe acquaint my Brilula with your plot, 
Lea ihli unwelcome newei should 100 mndi gHeve her. 


A, Doe, doe ; and I'le goe itndy 

' ' 9 lo vex the fbole Mtlanau. 
Frr 'til but a/aify, 

Wtaitot (Mlidena Urei, t cannot love thee; 
Thae wen her paiting words ; lie kill hbn then : 
Why doeldonbt ilFoole? nidi woond* ai these 
RequlTB no gentler med'cine ; me thinkei Love 
Frownes at me now, and sayee I am too dnil, 
Too slow in hii ooromand : and yet I wUI not : 
Theae bauds ore nqpni yet, unstaln'd with villany ; 

Siall I begin to teach them? methlnkes Piety 

Prmme) al mc now, and sayes, I am too weake 

Agoiiut my passions. Pietie I 470 

'Twas feare b^ot that Bugbeare ; for thee BtUula 

I durst be wicked, ihoogh I saw y<ni^i bond 

Ann'd jrith a naked thondertwli : Farewell. 

(tf thoa been any thing, and not a shadow 

To Mght boyea and old women) Fonwdl conscience, 

Goe and be strong in other petty things ; 

To Lovni come, when Loven may make use of thee. 

Not else : and yet, what shall I doe or tay? 

I see the better way, and know 'tii better. 

Yet Mill this devious enor drawes 

So lAen coolniy winds rush out and mi 

Aitd wranle on the Sea witb equall fury 

Enter Ahtpis. 
At. Ha, ba, lie tave incfa exodlent 

Per-Hshitafitly, Ac. 
Fh. Why here 's a fellow now mak 

s sport ^evoy- 

See one man's ble how it excels anotbo' ; 

Hee can sit, and passe away the day in jollity, 490 

My mustdi is my sigbes, whilst teares keepe time. 

Al. Who '1 here ? a nuul tore posture I 
How the good souk folds in bis armea I he dreamee 
Sure (hat he hngges hii Uulrii now ; for that 
Is his disease withoat all doubt : so, good, 
With what judicious gaihe hee {ducks his bat 
OvtT his eyes ; so, so, good I betls yet ; 
iHe txjtt : by this good li^t, he ciyes ; tbe man 
|ls careful], and intends to water his sbeepe 
[Wilh his owne teares ; ha, ha, ha, ha. 500 

' Fh. DosttbouseeanytbingtbatdeMTvettbylanghUr, 
Fond swalne t 

Al. I sea nothing In good troth but yoiL 

Fte. To Jeere those who are Pate's May-game 
Is a redonblad teult ; for 'tis both slnne, 
And fbUy too : our Ufe is so unoenaine 
Thou canst not promise that thj mirth shall last 
To morrow, and not meet with any rubbe ; 
Then thou mayit act thai put, to day thon laugh'st at. 

Al. I net a part ? it must be in a Comedy thai, 51a 
I abhoiie Tragedyes : besides. 1 never 
Hractis'd this posture ; Hey ho t woe, alas I 
Why doe I live ? my mnilck is my sigbe* 
Whilst teares keepe time; 

Fla. You lake too great a llcaice to ynor wit ; 
Wit, did I say? I roeane, that wbidi you thlnkeao. 
And it deaovB my pitty, more then ongc. 
Else you should find, that blowes ore heavier &rtc 
Then tbe most studied Jests yon out thiow at m^ 

Al. Faith It will be but labour lost to beat mee ; 500 
All will not teach me how to act this part ; 
Woe 's me I alas I t'me a dull rogue, and 10 
SbaU never leame it. 

Fie, You're unmannerly 
To talke thus sawcily with one you louiw not. 
Nay, hardly evo- Mw before ; be gone 
And leav« me as jron fotmd me ; my wont thoughts 
Are iMtter company then thotL 

Al. Enjoy Ibem then. 
Hoe 's no body desires to rob you of them. 530 

I would have left ycbr company without tddding. 



When I bad speol all my mone 
And thetcfixe hate tbe posture < 
D'yee beare? I'me gdng to a vredding 

I stood thiu 



If jou 'm a mlod to daaoa. ome kloof wkh Me, 
frii^ TOUT hwd-boited MlMiii with jroa loo ; 
Pirh^kt I mar psiirwle bo-, ktid tell he 
VonrMmkk 'i ngbcs, and Ibil your leant keepe thna^ 
Will TOU sot tfiti ramnll then, good Tragicall actor. 
Now bane at thee Mtlamut: Per 'Hi hit a fiify, Ac 

Pit. Tboa ana Prophet, Shepheard ; She i* ^id 54a 

I OfSMandwUidafaliiM tbonr bot Iwill 
; Win bd a- loM (which I (bovkl fladljr doe» 
Mjielfe: my lelfc? why » 1 haiealrMdr : 
Ho I who hkth loniKl PUrtami f be il loM. 
LoM to hinudfa. and to bi* t*iBiU Ukewiie, 
(Wbo bavini mlH'd me. doe by thb time nan 
Bach earner (or to find me) Ofa t Pltnllia, 
Tikoamust be widied. cwfcrei 


Actus V. Scaena I. 

Enter Alupis, Palamm, jE^n. 

Wiibool its Muttr'i leaie my foot Mood MlU ; 
Thilce in the w 

Al. Thrice, uid thrice 
You were ■. foota tl 
Wb; thcM are foUjrci the yonng yeues of Tniga 
Kd haidlj kntnr ; are tbxj not vuiiiht ret ? 

Pa. Blame not mr fore: thal'i Cttfitt Viho' 

TboDt^ ffyiaa were now In my cnbmege, lo 

I ibould heife doubt U. 

Al. If yoQ chone'd 10 (tumble. 

jBg. Let him enjof bis madaene ; the lame Utwnr 
Kee is grant to yon, when yon 're a Lorer too. 

Al. I. when I am, ha vaj ; jret If 1 were one 
1 ihonld not be diimajr'd becaoE* tbs threihold — 

Pa. Alas 1 thai was not all, as I came by 
The oake lo Paunmi luaed, when the ihepheanti 
EKcndse nirall iptHli on Festlvalls ; 
On that tree toppe an Inampicioui Crow bo 

Foretold Knne ill 10 happen. 

jBg. And because Crowe* 
ForateU wet wmho', ym Intenml it 
The laine of jonr owne eyes ; but lean these tricks 
And lot ma advise yon. 

Melamui speaking to Hyiaa within his doie. 

Ua. Wen come, no mailer foi that ; I doe beleeve 
thee, GIrle ; 
And WQtild ihey have such sport with vextng me I 
But 's no matter for that ; I ')e vex them for 't : 
I Itnow your fieiy lover will be here strait. 
But I shall coole him ; but come, no mallei for that ! 
Goe get you io, for I doe see them comming. 31 

^. Here comes Mtlarnus. 

Pa. Hee lookes cheeiefully, I hope all 's well ? 

jBg. Utlanms, opportunely : we weie a comming 
JtlSt now onto you. 

Mil. Yes, raj likely, would yon have spoken with 

jBf. Spoken with you ? 
Why, are you madde ? have you forgot yonr promise ? 

JW<j: My promise? Oh t 'tis true, I said indeed 

I wonM goe irith you to day to sdl some kine ; 40 

Stay but a little, I le be ready itreight. 

Pa. I am amai'd ; Good j££m, speak to Mm. 

Al. By this good light, 
I see no llkelyfaood of any mariafre, 
Sicept betwixt the Kine and oxen. Haike you hither ; 
A rotte upon your beasts ; is Hylact ready ? 

Mtl. It '* 00 mallo for that I who's there? ^/a^f 
Give me thy hand, 'faith Ihou'rt a merry feQow ; 
I have not seeoe Uiee here these many dayes, 
Bui now I ihinke on 'I, it 'i no matter for that neither. 

AL Thy memory 's fled away sure with thy wh, 51 
Was not I hse lease then an bonre agoe 
^^^th tCgen, when you made the match? 

Mil. Oh I then you le goe along with us. 
Faith doe : for you wlD make ui very meny. 

At, I shaD, if you thns make a foole of me. 

Mtl. Oh no I you 'le make you sport with Texin|f me, 
But mum ; no matter for that neither : there 
I boh'd him privatly, I thinke. 

jEg. Come, what's the bu^neaae ? 60 

Ai. The business? why hee 's madde, beyond the cure 
Of all the hcrbes grow in Anticyra. 

jBg. Yoa see we iiave not fayl'd our word, Mttarnut, 
I and my lonne are come. 

Mil. Your SOD I good lack I 
I thought. I sweare, you had no other diild 
Besides your Daughter BiUnla. 

jBgoit. Nay, then 

I. tMdm 

Whether be would leave him all, lest that he should 
Adopt some other beire to the cheese-presses. 
The milklng-pailes, and oeame-boales 7 did you not ? 
Mil. In troth 'tis well ; but where is Btllula f 
jBgm. Nay, prithee leave these tricks, and tell me 
What you Intend ; is Hylaei ready ? 
Mtl. Ready? what else? ihee's to be marrie 

To a young shepheard ; but 's no matter for tbaL t 

Pa. That's I, hence feares ; 
Attend upon the inbncle of love. 

rl thea 

v on the oaks forcldl 



ittl. Hjlaa. Hjlaa. crnnc forth 1 
H«r's wnM are cone to dwwe M jonr mddiBf, 
And tber'te weloome. AaAr HyUa. 

Pa. Tbe light ■ppam, JdN Ufce Itw rWnf Son. 
When o're 7<in hill it peepa, ud wllta ■ tfamugtat 
Of mornlnc-dew «Uala Ibe dajp ; bow hal 9a 

Tbe Difbt of all my ioctow fljrea B««f , 
Qnlle baniibt with her ilghl I 

Hy. Did too. call for me ? 

iWr/. Ii Damalai cook ? F]P, bow ilow be ii 
At nch a time t but ll'i no muter for thai ; 
Well let yon in, and pKpare 10 welcome him. 

Pa. WUl you be pxie to qutcUy, Ui 1 brigiil tijUu 
Tliat bleued houre by me *o oflen ben'd. 
By you 10 oil deny'd, ii now ai^iroaehin£. 99 

Utl. What, how DOW ? what doe you kiue faer ? (£nV 
If Dammtat were here, be would grow Jaloui ; Hflat4.\ 
Bui 'li* a parting klue, and 10 in mannen 
She caopol ileny it you ; but h '■ no matur for that. 

Al. How? 

M4I. What doe you wooder at 1 
Why doe you Ibioke ai looDe ai they are maiied, 
Dawialai such a foole, to let his wlfa 
Be kill by erery body ? 

Pa. How now? Oaaimtatt 
Why what hath he to doe with bai IIO 

Mtl. Ha, ha ! 
What hath tbe huiband then to doe with 't wife ? 
Good : 'tis DO matter for that though ; be knowes what. 

<£f. You mtaiite PaiawuM sure, ha, doe you not? 

itit, Tls no matter foi that, what I roeaoe, 1 meane ; 
Wen, reit ye meny gentlemen, I dim in. 
And see my E)aughtei's wedding ; if you please 
To dance with us, Damatai sure will tbanlie yee ; 
Pray bring your son and bein Pullman with yon, 
BtilMla'i cast away, ha, ha. ha, ha I lao 

And the poore foole Milamiu must be cliealed. 
Bat it 'sno matter for that ; bow now, Alufut 
I thought you would bare bad noat eicellenl qwrt 
With abusing pwxe Milamiu t that same coaoombe, 
For bee '■ a foole r but it '■ no matter (or that, 
jBgen halh cheated bhn, Palxwun Is 
Uaried to Hylatt, and one Altifii 
Doth nothing else but vex him, ha, ha, ha I 
But It'* no matter for that ; farewell gentles, 
Or if yee le conie and dance, yee ^lall be welcooie : 13a 
Will you, Paiamoit f 'tis youi Mislrli wedding. 
I am a foole, a coicombe, guU'd on eroy side. 
No mutter for that though ; what I have done; I hare 

Ha, ba, ha I 

jEg. How now? what are you both duml 
This was your plot Alufii. 

Al. I'lebFghi. 
May hii sheepe rotte, and he for want of food 
Be forc'l to eat them then ; may ercry man 
Abuw him, and yet he not have the wit 
To abuse any man ; may he never ipealu 


More sence then be did now ; and may he nerer 
Bee rlddc of hi* old wile Tm/a ; may his nue 
In Law ba a mora iunon* Cuckold made 
Then any one I knew when I Uv'd in the Qly. 

Pa. Foole a* ibou art, Ibe Sua shall kwe Ui a 
And WgbOMsae too, ere Mjlaa bcr duMily. 
CHi no I yee Ood*, may ahe be happy ahnyes, 
Hapnr In tbe enbraces of Dawtmlai; 
KaA that iball be sooie comfort to my Oliost 
Wheal I am dead ; and dead I ibaH be shortly. 

Al. Uay a dinaae sdie DjHMi all his Duik, 
And a laire worse on him ; till he al last 
Bee carried 10 lome HoipiuUl I' the Oty, 
And there kOl'd by a Chinir|^n for b 
And wban bee 's gooe. lie 1 
M^ tbe earth lye gcBtly a 
May teare bim up the easier. 

•^. A cant npoD itiee I 
And upon mc for inuting thy fond eoumela I ite 

Wa* Ihli yonr cnnahig trtek ? why thoo hast wonnded 
My conscience and my reputation too ; 
With what Ikca can I hnke on Ibe oiber Swaine* ? 
Or who will eiw tnM me, wIm> ban benke 
My faith thus opsily ? 

Pa. A cune upon thee. 

Made me not only foole, but wicked too ; 

I should have dyed In quiet else, and knowne 

No otba wound, but that of her deoyall ; 170 

Goe now, and btaggc bow tbou bast us'd Palmmim .- 

But yet me thiakea yon mishi have cboee Mme otlicr 

For subject of your mirth, not mc 

.^. Not me, 

Ai, And yet if this bad protpavd (as I wwMler 
Who it should be, betmy'd os, sinoa we three 
And Tra/a only knew it, whom if aha 

Benay'd na, I ) if this, I say bad prospered. 

You would hate hogg'd me It* inr^ting ii. 

And him for puttii^ It in act ; foobih aeai iSd 

That doe not marke tha thing but Ibe neat 1 

Your Judgements hang on Fortune, not o>i reum. 

jCg. Doat thou upbraid ui too ? 

Pa. First make us wretched. 
And then tau|;h at n* t beleeve, Alufir, 
Thou shall not long have cause to boast thy vlDany. 

Al My villany ? doe what yee can : you 're fbolw. 
And there 'a an end ; I'ie lalke with you no more : 
I bad as good ifxale reason 10 tbe wind 


jSg. Wee will doe more ; PabnuK, come away. 
He bath wiong'd both ; and both shall salisfte. 

Al. Which be will nerer doe : nay, goe and plod, 
Your two wise braines will iDvenl ccrtainely 
RiUtlque ginnes to catch me in. £xiamf. 

And now have at thee, 7>iv>> if I Bat 

Tbat thou art guillie ; mum, 1 have a ring. 

Paitmtm, jEgan, Hjiati, Malarmm 

An all against me : »o great matter : hang care. 

Far tu tut a faUy, Ac. Exit, aoo 



Enter Bellula. 

ThU my my Callidenu went ; what ehanee 

Hkth mtttch'd him {rom m; sight? bow iball I God him? 

How iball I find inj selfe, now I h&ve k>sl him? 

With jee my feet uid eya I will not nulu 

The imsllest tnice, till jee ham loufhl him out 


Enter Callidorus and Floreltus. 
Come, now tout biui&esae. 

/«. Tls a &taU one. 
Which «fiU almoil as much sbime ine to speake. 
Much more to act, as 'twill bight jou to bean it. 

CaL Fright mc 1 it must be Iben i 
I am accuitum'd so to raiserj, -oil 

Fit. Oh I 'Til a sinDC, foung man, ^ 

A siune which every one shall wonder at^ ,. . ^ - 
None not condemae. If ever it be kiio|n>B v 
Me ihinkes mjr bloud ihrinkes bade into my vdna. 
And my affrighted hayrei are tum'd to bristles. 
Doe not my eyes creepe backe into Ibetr cells ; 
As if they seem'd to wiih for thicker darknesse. 

Doth not my (ace looks black and horrid too 1 
As bladi and horrid as my thoughts 1 ha I teQ me. 

Cal. t am a novice in all villanyei ; 
If your intents be such, dismiwe me. pcay ; 
ilj nature is more easie lo discover 
Tlien iielpe you ; so. FareweU. 

Ph. Yet Slay a little Iodkct ; you must slay ; 
You are on actor in this Tragedy. 

ClU. What would you doe? 

Flo. Alas I I would doe nothing ; but I must 

CaL What must you doe ? 931 

Fit. I must. Love, thou bast got the victory 

KOI thee. 

CtU. Who ? me ? you doe but jest ; 
I ihoDld tielieve you, if I could tell how 
To Irarae a cause, or tlilnke on any injury 
Worth such a large revenge, which I have done yoD. 

Flo. Oh no t there '1 all the widtedneise ; ttaey may 

To find excuse dx their itbliorred fact. 

That kill when wn>Qgs and anger tirgeth tikem ; 340 

Becsnae thou art so good, so affable. 

So fiill of graces, both of mind and body, 

Titcrefore I kill thee ; wilt thou know it plainely, 

Because whilst thou an living, B4iliiia 

Protested she would never be anatha''s ; 

Therefore I kill Ihee. 

Caii. Had I beene your rlvall 
You might have had some cause ; cause did I say ? 
You mighi have had pretence for such a villany ; 
He who unjusdy kills is twice a muilhaer. 350 

Flo. He whom love bids to kill is not a muithanr. 

Cal. Call not that love that 's ill ; 'tis only fury. 

Flo. Fniy in ills is halfe eicusablo : 

As in 



Hath thing a spot upon tby purer consdeoce. 
Wash it in some Um tearea 

Call. Are you resiriv'd to be so cnieU? 

Flo. I most, or be as cniell to my selfe. 96a 

Call. As lick men doe their beds, so have I yet 
Injoy'd my selfe, with little rest, much trouble : 
1 hare beene made the Ball of Love and Fortune, 
And am almost wome out with often playing. 
And therefore 1 would enienaine my death 
As some good friend whose commiiig I expected ; 
Were it not that my parents 

FU. Here; see, I doe not come (Draiott Hut neordt 

Likeafoule murtherer to intrap yon lalsly ; /m naAptu 

Take your own choyse, and then defend your garmtnl, 


CaX. 'TIS nobly done : and since h mu 
Although my strength and courage call n 
I will not dye like sheepe without re 
If innocence be guard sufficient, 

Flo. Are you ready? the latall Cudcow on yon iptead- 

Hath sounded out your dying knell already. 

Cal. lam. 

Flo. 'Til well, and I could wish tfay hand 
Were strong oiough ; 'tis thou deservest the vlctoiy, 
Nay, were not th' hope of Btllula ingraven 101 

In all my thoughts, I would my selfe play booty 
Against my lelfe ; But Btllmla come on. Fighl. 

Enter Philutus. 
Thil li the wood adjoyning to the Faime, 
Where I gave order imlo Clariana 
My siller, to teroaine till my retume ; 
Here 'lis in vaine to seeke ber. yet who knowes ? 
Though it be in vaioe I'le secke ; to bbn that doth 
Propose no journey's end, no path 's amine. 
Why bow now ? what doe you meane ? for ihame, part 
Sbepheardl ; 090 

I thougbl you honeu ihepheards had not had (Satlktm 
So mnch of Coun and Cilie follies in you. Jlghtimg, 

Fit. 'Tis Pkiliitui; I hope be will not know me. 
Now I begin to see how black and horrid 
My attempt was ; how much unlike Flonllta; 
Thankes 10 Ibe juster Ddtyes for declining 
From both the danger, and from me the siiL 

Phi. 'Twould be a wrong to charity to diimisie yec 
Before I see you friends ; give me youi weapons. 

Cat. Tis he : why doe 1 doubt ? most willingly, 300 
And my seire too, best man ; now lull me, shepheard 

Pki. What doe you meane ? {Smaunib) 

Rise, prithee riie : sure you bare wounded him. 

Enter BtUida. 
Deceive me not, good eyes ; what doe I see? 
My Callidona deul ? 'Til impossible I 



Who ii h that Ijn* (telM then r an TCTi limbe r 

Flo. Faire M 

Btt. Piifa, fain MlMrii, 

Pki. Wu fall HUM CaUiimu f It ii ftrwoia. 

ArA You are a villaina, and foa too a viUaiDC : 
Wake Cailidam, wake, it u ihr BtUmia 
That calli thee \ wake, it ii Ihx Btttmia ; 
Why Goiilemea? whj ibepbeard? fr> for itMUM. 
Have jva no cbaritj ' 4 aij CmllHirui I 
.Speaks but one word 

Cal. Tit not HcIl done lo i*ooble Ba ; 
Whf doe fou envf me thii bltle rk) 

B4i. No ; I wiU follow thee. {Sv)tumdt.\ 

Fif. O heipe, belpe quicklTi 
What doe TOD laeana? jnir Ca//t^pnw Uvm. 

BiL Calliimiil 

Flo. And will be weU tmmedlatlr, lake oooracc, 
l.ooke up a Uule : wretched ai i an, 
I am the cauM of all ihii ilL 

Pki. Whai iball we doe 7 1 have a ilMei dwcUi 
Cloae by thii pk« ; lei 'i haM to brlof them thilfcfr 
Bat let'i be ludden. 

Fit. A) wing'd lightnlnE 1l 
Come BiUula. in ipita of FottuDa bow 
I doe emijrace thee. 

PId. I did proteM wllbaut mj CaiUiar» 

BtU Where amir 

Pie. When I could alwai«* 
WhkJi would enfold thee with more lublill kooti. 
Then amoioui Ivy, wbiist It buggei the oake. 

Cat. Where doe je beare me ? it Pkiliitut well? 

Pki. How should beknowmyDame? 'tittomeatlddle: 
Nay, Shepbeard, God another time to court ia 
Make bait now with jour burthen. 

PU. With what ease ihould I goe alwaiea 
buttheDed thui ! 

Eotei ApkroH. 
She told me she wai sister to Pkilistus. 
Who haTing miit the beauteous Callidtra, 
Hath oDdertooke a long, and hopelesse iouroey 
To find her out : then CaUiiera s Bed, 
Wilhoul her parents' knowledge, and who knowea 
When iheele relume, or if she doe, what then? 
Ijimbei will make peace, and Joyne IhetnsdveS with 
woifes 350 

Ere she with me, worse then a woIfe to ber : 
Beside*, how durst I undertake to court her? 
How dare I looke upon her after this 7 
Foole as I am, I will forget her quite. 
And Clariana shall hence-fonh— but ;et 
How (aire she was I what then? so's Ctariana ; 
What graces did she dan on all beholders ? 
Shee did ; but so does Clariana too ; 
Shec was as pure and white as Parian marble. 
What then? Shee was a< hard too ; Ctariana 360 


Ii pore and white ai Eriamm'i Dorea, 

Aad is aa soft, as gallesic too a* they ; 

Her piity sav'd my life, and did rettora 

My wandrlng seniet ; if I shoold not ion ber, 

t ware lane madda now, then when ibe CooDd 1^ : 

I wUl goe in asd rendo- up mj lelfe. 

For her most UiUoll aenrant 

WondCTlull I Bxit. Bmltr agmimt. 

9hee haj lockl me Is. and keepe* me berc ber priaoaa-. 

In IbeK two chambers ; what can ihe intend ? yja 


Enter Demofikil, Spodaia, Clariana, FJor^m, 
Callidora, BtUuia^ PkUiitut. 

Dtm. My Daughter found agaloe, and son retura'd : 
Ha, ha 1 me thinkes it makes me young agaiiie. 
My Daugliler and my Son meet here togetha 1 
Fkilsihii with them too I that we should eome 
To grieve with Clariana, and God bs- hen. 
Nay, when we thought we had lost FlenllK loo 
To find them both ; me thinkes it makes me joaag 

Sfr. I thought I never should have seoie ihee more. 
My CaUidara , come wench, now M 's bttre, 381 

The story of your flight and life In the woods. 

Pki. Doe, happy Mlstris, for the re 
Of forepast ils, makes us the sweellier 

Cal. Of Afkm's love to me, and my antipalhy 
Towards him, there 's none here ignorant ; yoti know loo 
How guarded with his love, or lathc fury. 
And some few men. he Ixoke into our house 
With resolution to make me the prey 390 

or his wild lust. 

Sf. I,there'savinainenow;ohIlhalIbadhimb«K; 

Cal. Oh 1 say not so : 
The crymes which Lovers for their Histrls act 
Beare both the weight and luunpe of [uety. 

Dtm. Come, girle ; goe on, goe 00. His wild hist 

Cal, What sudden feare shooke me, you may ■"■-[[■■— 
What shoold I doe? you both were out of towne, 
And most of the servants at that time gooe with yon ; 
I on Ihe sudden found a comer out, 400 

And hkl my selli; till they, wearied with searching. 
Quitted the bouse ; but fearing lest they sboald 
Attempt the same againe ere your returae, 
I tooke wllh me money and other necessaries 1 
And in a sute my Brotber left behind 
Disguii'd my selfe ; thus to the vroods I went, 
Where meeting with an honest merry Swaine. 
I by his heIpe was fureishi, end made Shepbeard. 

Sf. Nay, I must needs a.y iat her, she was ahnyea 
A witty wench. 410 

Dem. Pish, pish : And made a Shepbeard 

Cal. It hapned tbal this gentle Shefdieardcise, 
(I can attribuie It to nought In me 
Deserv'd so much) began to love me. 

Digitized by GoOt^le 




Pki. Whj lo did all boide). Tie inn«nt 7011 ; 
Nor can I bluBB Ihem, tbongh they wae mjr tvniX. 

Cat. Another Sbepbeard witb ai mud dolre 
Wooed ber in vnnc, u ihe in nlae wooed me ; 
Wtio weiDfr ibat no hope «u kft for him, 
WhilM I enioy'd Itiii UTe, l' enjor bii Btlimla, ^ao 

(For bj Ibat name ibe '1 lunwiie) loaghl to ukc me 
Out of the my ai ■ panitioa 
Bctwlxl bit love and him ; whilst in the fieldi 
Wee two veie iirugUng, (bim hii (tioiglh dcfcading, 
And me my innocence. ) 

^U. I MO ubam'd to look* iqioii tiwir &ce*> 
Wbat shall I lay ? my gdili '■ alrarc «iciue. 

Cia /'iiTi'jAu.- as if the Godi had all agreed 
To make him mine^ juM at the nkk came in 
And paned tu, with sudden joy i >[w]DODded ; 430 
Which Ai/Ziiia percdnng (for even then 
Shoe came to leeke me) sudden griefe did force 
The same effect from ber, wbkh joy Irora me. 
HithiT Ihey brought ni both, in this -"■—■"-"■ ; 
Whcie being straigiu itcoToi'd to our selva, 
I found you here, and you yois dulifuU Danghltr, 

Sfo. The Codt b* thankL Dim. Coe on. 

Cal Nay. you haK all. Sir. 

I>tm. Where's (hat SbepbMrd? Fit. Merc 

Dtm. Here, where? 440 

Fit. Here, your iuiha[qry soone 'l the maa ; fbr her 
I put on Syham weeds, fbr her EsJre sake 
I would have siayn'd mj ionocent hands in blond : 
Forgive mc all, 'twas not a sin of malice, 
Ttras not b^ot by lust, bnl sacred love ; 
The cause must be Ihe excuse (or Ihe efiecl. 

Dtm. You should have us'd some other meanei, 

CaL Alas 1 'IWBI the Gods' will. Sir, without that 
I had beene uikditcovcred yet ; PkU U Imt 
Waodred too (aire, my Brother yet a Shepheard. 4S0 
You groaning for our losse 1 upon thil wbeele 
All our (elioily is turn'd. 

Sf, Alas I you have fbtxot the powv of love, iweet- 

Dtat. Be palienl. Son, and temper your desire 1 
Tou shall not waul a wile that will pe^ps 
Please you as well, I'me sure befil yon belter. 

Pte. Tbey marry not, but tell Ibemselves t' ■ wife. 
Whom the large dowry lempts, and take more pleaion) 
To huege the wealthy baggea than ha that brou^t 

Let them whom nattire hesiowei Dolhiiig on 460 

Seeke 10 patch up their want by pansnu' |denly ; 
The tmuiifull, the chasi, the vertuous, 
Ho selfe alone Ls portion to ber seifc 

Enter jS,ggn. 

By your leave ; I come to lee you Du«bter, 

I are you there, 'tis welL 
Flo. This is her Father. 

1 doe conjure you. Father, by the lore 
Wbkb parcDis beare their children, to make up 

The match betwin 01 sow ; or, if you will do 
Send for your friends, prepare a coffin fbr me 
And lei a grave be dig'd ; I wiH be happy. 
Or else not Iukmt my misery to merrow. 
Sft. You doenollhlnkewtaatillmayh^^ieD, buband 



, lei him have her ; 

For him ; the wench is faire. and if her tmat 
Be not a flanero'. of a noble mind, 
Althot^b not stocko. 

j^g. I doe not like fliis iDagUng, come along ; 
By your leave OentkmEa. I hope you will 
Fudon my bold iotrusioa. 4S0 

Wbat, are yon goingr Btlbiia t pray stay. 
Though Nature GOniimdiots our love^ I hope 
That I may have your ftiendihip. 

^g. Billmlal 

Bil. My istlMT calls ;liuvweU; your nam and numory 
Ib sptta of Fate, lie lore ; brewell. 

Fit. Would you be gone, and not bestow one word 
VpOD your faithfiiU savant? doe not all 
My griefes and troubles fbr your mke sustaynd, 490 
Deserve, Farewell FiertllKit Bti. Fare you well Iben. 

Fit. Alas I how can I. Sweet, unlesse yon nay. 
Or I ga« whh you 1 yon were pleas'd ere .while 
To say you honoured me with the next place 
To CaiHJaruM in yonr heart, then now 
I should be first : doe you repent your sentence ? 
Or can that toogue sound lease then Oracle? 

Btl. Perhaps 1 am of that opinion still, 
But must obey my Father. 

tSg. Why AiVif^f would yon have ought with her, Sir? 

FU. Yes, I would have her aelfe ; 

And Id 

I. id> 

re it paHenlly ; 

Wby Father, Mother, Si 
Will you pkad for me? 

Dtm. Since 'l must be s 
Shepheard. you see how n 
With your fain Daughter ; therefore if you thinke 
Him fitting lor her husband, speake, and let ll 
Be made a match immediaily ; we shall 
Elijiect no other dovrie Iben her venue. 510 

jEg. Which only I cau pmnise ; for her fortune 
la baesth you so (aire, thai I oould almost 
Suspect your words, but that you seeme more DOtde : 
How now, wbat my you, Girle ? 

BtL I only doe depend upon your wiQ. 

jCg. And lie not be an enemy to thy good fotlnne. 
Take ber. Sir. and the Gods bleise you. 

Fla. With greater joy then 1 would take a CTOwne. 

Al The Cods blesse you. 

Fta. They have don 't already. 500 

jSg. Lest you should ibinke - whfu time and oft 
Hath dui'd the point and edge of yotu' aSaetko. 
Thai you have wrong'd your selfe and bmily. 
By marying oue whose very name, a Sbepbeardcaie. 
Might fling some spot upon youriiirtk, lie (eU yon, 
She is not mine, nor bonw in Iheae rude wood*. 



I found K Nme wounded, and ponlnf oM 590 

Hs klot qiirtt. and by her > fkm diild ; 

And, whldi bet trrj dmdag mlgbt deckra. 

Of mahh]' panou ; u loone u I caote to ttaan. 

I aik'd bts- who had ua'd ho- to Inhnicanlj : 

Sbe aniwered Torldih Pinu ; and withaU 

Doiied Die 10 looke miLo the diild. 

For 'tb, wld ■he, ■ Noblcman'i of Sitiif ; 

Hit name itac wonld have ipoke, bdl death (MtwMled not. 

Her ai I could, I cauied to be botied, 

But faraugbt home the Ultle Glria with dm ; 540 

Where b)! mjr wive'i penwanoo wee afreed, 

Becaiue the God* had bieM ni wtth no imw. 

Whom DOW )on aee, jour wlfa, yoor Daoffater. 

SfB. Is't pouible? Nt. Her naiuiCT* •hew'd fav 

Mg. 1 caD the Godi to wl maMa , thli fi tnN ; 
And for the fanher tcMlmoBji of It, 
I have ret kept at home the fUmlture, 
And ibe rich mantle which ihe then wai wiapt ta ; 
Whidi now perhapi may lerve to loaMi food oae 550 
Thereby to know her parenIL 

Dot. Sure thi* ii Afinn'i riner then ; te )dM 
About the tfane he menlioni. I remember. 
The govemour of Patkiiiui, then hii Falbo' 
Told BW that cenaine nnti ct Argitr 
Had broke into his house, and Holne hom tbenee 
With other things his Daughter, and bcr Nurse ; 
Who being after taken, and executed, 
Tbdr last confession was, that ihej faideed 
Wounded the Nune, but sbe fled with Ibe child, 560 
Whilst they were busie searching far more prey : 
Whom since ber fatha, ndlher nw, ixir baud of 

Cla. Then now I'me sure Sr.ymwoold gladly pardon 
The ladi attempt of Afknn, far your Daughter, 
Sitice fortune hath ioyn'd both of you by Undtad. 

Dm. Moat willingly : 5^ I, I, alas ! 'twas kn« : 

PU. Whore should wee find falm out? 

Cla. lie save that labour. Rxil Clariana. 

CaL Where 's Hylaa. pray, ahepbeaid t and the rett 
Of my good ^nn friends 7 me Iblnkes 1 would, 570 
Pktne lake my leave of Ihem. 

iBg. lie (etch them hither. 
They're not fan« off, and If jaa please to bdpe 
The match beiwiil Ifylact and Paitimtm, 
'Twould he a good deed, lie goe faicb them. Exit. 

Enter Afkron, ClariaMO. 

Af. Ha I whether have you led me. 
Some steepy mountalne btiry me alive, 
Or rodi IntoodM nw in Its stony Intrayles ; 
Whom doe I see ? 

Cla. Why doe you slare, my Afktvm t 
Tbey have forgjvtn alL 

Dtm. Coow, Afkrai, »«lcome. 

The aauM of love bath oovtr'd all ; this k 
A joyfull d^, and saoud la gnat Hymea ; 
Twere ^ not M be Hand* wkb all ma* now. 

Sf. He thlnkt, I b««« mndi adoa so bsgira Ac 
mscd. AiHt. 

Af. I know net what 10 say ; doe yon al paidoi wmt 
1 have done wrong to yee all, y«a to aB thaaa 
That have a share 1b vcttne. Can yaa pardoa me? 590 

AU. Host wttllDgly. 

Afk. Doe you say so, hire Vfafln? 
You 1 havn lajar'd moM : wbh love. 
With mncy love, which I hcnenfof^ ncuB, 
And win lookc 0* yon wkh an adorattoB. 
Not whh desire bareaflar \ tell me, pny. 
Doth any man ytl call you hit? 

CaL Yea ; PMHUmt. 

Af. 1 ooBgiBMdaM it. Sir. 
The Gods maka y«« bath happy : fools, as I am, 600 
You are at iba balgbi alrvdy of ielMty. 
To wbkli dMTu 's DoihlBg can be addad no*. 


OflbylovK -Hiat 

CI. Ooe no forthcr, Sir, 'ds I riiauld lay 

PU. How Sister? are yon two BO necceni 

Ap. In our hoaits, S^, 
Wee are already Joya'd ; ft may he thoofh 
You will be loth U> have nnhsppy Apmm 
Stile you Us Mother ? 

PU. No Sir, If you bolb 
Agree, to UM it shall not be un we ha ma. 
Why boe s ■ day indeed ; Sore Symtit now 
Heane* to spend all his torefam. 

Dim. Tb my Son, Sir, 
New oume ftom tiavalle, and your BnMbw now. tm 

Af. I undcrstaod not. Dm. Had yon not a sis^ i 

Af. I had. Sir ; but when now «be U noae knowca, 
Bealdei the Gods. 

£lM». Is't not about some fiftene yMi«s ifoe 
Slnee that the Nurse seap't with her boo the hands 
OfTmUsh Pyrats that beaei the house ? 

Af. It Is, Sir. 

Dtm. Your sister lives then, and Is marled 
Now to Pltrtllta ; this is sbe, you shall be 
Eoform'd of all tbe drcuiastanoes aMo. 

Af. Tta Impomible. 
1 shall be made loo happy on tbe suddaL 
My Sitter found, and Clariama mine I 
Coise not loo thick, goodjoyes, you will o p pre ss e me. 

Enter Mtlamut^ ^^i', ^gen^ Bylea, 

n welcome all ; tboogli 1 bave 



— I 



Voargood lodetj, I bop« I itull dm 
VoDT fiiendihip, and best wisba. 

Mgtm. N>r, bae 'a wondcn ; 
Now Calliiona ii found out > woman, 
BtUtiia not mj' Dan(bter, and ii moiied 640 

To joDder Geotknun ; for wbicb I iueDd 
To doe In camett what bdcn I Jcacd, 
To adopt Pabtuum ita my hdra. 

Ma. Ha, ba. b«l 
CooiB it'i no matter for thai ; doe jiou thlnke 
To cbeate me once againe vrilb your fine tiicki ? 
No matin for that neitha'. Ha, ha, ha 1 
Alas I ibee '1 manied to Da^utai. 

jSg. Nay, that wai yonr idot. Mtlantta. 
I met with him, and he denyes it to me. 650 

Hy. HcDceforth I must not love, but honor you to 

jEg. By all the Gods, I wUl. Caliidera. 

Tnt. He wlU, he will ; Dock. 

Mti. Of ereiy thing? 

jSf. Of every [hing ; I call 
These gentlemen to wHnesse here, that since 
I have DO child lo care for, I wUl make 

a lortt 

c beleeve 

Have blest me with, if hi 
Mtl. Come, it i no m 

Dim. Weeic be his niretyei. 

Mtd. Hyiaci. 
What Ibinice you of Palmmmi t nn yon love him ? 
H' as oar consenti, but it 's no mailer for that. 
If be doe please you, speake, or now, or never. 

HjiL Why doe I doubt, land Glrie? shee'snowa woman. 

Mtl. No mailer for that, what you doe, doe quickly. 

Hjl. My duly binds me not 10 be averse 
To what likes you 

ittL Why take her thes, Palauum; she's youia far 

Pa. With farre nu»« Joy 
Then I would doe the wtailb of both the In^a, 
Tbou an above a talbei to me, j^gan. 
W are freed from misery with scnx of Joy, 
Wee are not borne 10 ; oh 1 my Hylact, 
It i* my comfort now that thou wert hard. 
And cruell lill this day ; delights are sweetest 
When poysoued with the trouble to attaine tbem. 

Enter Abtpis, 
By your leave. I oome 10 seeke a woman, G80 

liiat batb oulliVEd the memorie of her youth ; 
With skin as black as her teeth, if ^he have any, 
Whfa a Sux would fright the Constable and his watch 
Out of their wits (and that 's easily done you 'le say] if 

tbey should meet her at midnight. 
O I are yon there ? I thought I smelt yon somewheR ; 
Come hilber my she Nestor, pretty Tn^, 
Come hither, my sweet Duck. 

Tru. Why ? are you not ashaai'd to abtise Die tbtts. 
Before Ibis company ? 
AL I have something tacxt ; 690 


I eome to shew the ling before than all ; 
How dunt you thus betray us to Mtiamiu t 

Tru, Til Use, 'twas Hylait thai OTer-beard you ; 
Shee told me >i> ; but they ate marled now. 

Ai. Whaldoeyouthinke toSammef why bo I here's 

Pa. Atutii, art thoti there? forgive my anger : 
1 am the happdeat man alive, Alvfii, 
ifytaa is mine 1 here are woodea lixi i 
Thou Shalt know all anon. 

Try. Alupii, give me. AL WeQ, rather then be 
troubled. 700 

jBg. Altifis, welcome, now w'are ftiends I bope? 
Give me your hand. Md. And me. 

Al. With all my heart, 
I'me glad to see yee have leam'd more wk at last. 

Cal. This Is the Sbepbeard, Father, to whose care 
I owe for many favours hi the woods ; 
You 're welcome hcaitlly ; here 's every body 
Payr'd of a sudden ; when ihall's see you marled? 

Al. Me ? when there are no ropes to hang my selfe. 
No rocks Id breake my neck downe : I abhorre 71a 
To live in a perpeiuall Belfiuy r 
I never could abide to have a Master, 
Much lesse a Histrts, and I will not many. 
Because, //< sing aaay tht d^. 

Put 'lis tut afally la he melanckelly. 
lU it mtrry wkilsl I may. 

Pki. You're welcome all, and I desire yon all 
To be my guests to day ; a Wedding dinner, 
Such as the sudden can afford, weele have ; 
Come will yee walke in. Gentlemen ? 7M 

Dtm. Yes, yes. 
What crosses have yee borne befotr yee Joyn'd I 
What seas past through before yee louch'l the pott I 
Thus Loven doe, ere they are crown'd by Fates 
With Palme, the tree their paiioico '"'i"**! 



spoken by Alupit. 

THt A uOoT bid me Uli ymt—'fa ilk. / lum 
Pargal ahal 'heat ; end fmi a very . ' 
//IJUurwvi/tallmay; iul only IMis, 
Bee merry ; IMgl my eounitll alti/ayii is. 
Let nil gravt man kail uf his bnrw. and tay, 
' Tisfoelitk : viky T turn a Bey madt lit Plwp. 
Nor any ytl eflhea ttial til bikind, 
Btcanse Jkegea in Plnsk. ie o/kii mind. 
Lei none his Time, or kii spent monty grime ; 
Betmtrry: Give me your kandi, and fie Mieve. 
Or i/yon tuill nal, rUgae in. and see. 
1/ 1 ton lume Ike Anikor's mind, milkmee 
To sing away the day. 


a folly 




Naufragium Joculare. 


Digitized byGoOt^le _ 


'Naufiagium JociikR* appealed, like ' Love's Riddle,' in 1638 ; and if 
found, on iU rare occiureact^ bound op akmg with it CHARLES JOHKSON 
puUiabed a paraphrastic translation of ' Naufraginm Joculare,' tiadcr dte 
title of 'Fortune in her \^ts. A Comedy' (1705, 4(0.— lintott]. See 
on it in our MemoriaMntroduction. — G. 



I O C V L A R E, 

Comcedia : 

Public^ Coram Academicis 

Acta, in CoUegio S S. et in- 

dividuse Trinitatls. 
4*. Nonas Feb. An. Dom. 1638. 

Authore Airakamo Cowley. 

Mart. • — 'Nim displicuisse meretur, 

Festinaty Lector, guiplaeuisse ti&i. 

a ^ ^ 

Impenfis Henrici Seile. 1638. 


Doctifsimo, Gravifsimoque, 

Viro D*. D, Comder, Decano 

dmSsnEMn'colenditniDO, & Col- 

legij S. S. & individiue Tritd- 

SIsle gndnm : qui 
Animlt nlmlbin iitclB Hparia lofft^ 
Sobdlu ^%■lfcro te TolvM nub* TjrTMOM : 
Et tamcD, th, DDdbui hidert plmii (rit. 
I, pete, loIUdloi qnoe ladk docu Scholunm, 
Et LogtMe pac°0 Mnstm KripU immoi. 
Post Ce. TEl, Hip. QaaUt 7 ne. vd, af. ra. Quadu? par. 

Turn Tu pmls aderli. torn bUndMi ore icmwUi j 

SttPMta, dieenl, quid vellt t*te nU ; 
I. pete CuuiidkxN : pourU lic coha tJiM. 

El bdt RonMnll fando* toIm isodti. 
FbUot : poM IgDonmoDi ccni caulior lUa at ; 

Et djdidt Moau, Gnuta, tim«n (om. 
I, pete Lecloran nulhun ; dc ■■]*■ lucUi ; 

E( potnii Crillcu iponsv luta muin. 
Limine *b hoc o*eu ^ Proetil 6, procol iKi jnbat. 

Diidmlle talc Domtaio dU decet cut mo. 
lUe Hurt caluno mcnt njrtttik Tcrtri. 

Nod an* Olita uDcia ItMcnu ridct. 
Talli in Altarl trefMal Fait, fteat (taoida. 

Et Oanun atlollil ric revcreoda c^m. 
At tdo, qojd dka : Nouro* Acadcmk loau 

SpectaTll ; anftt ttim placfioe mete. 
Papilla itulla nlinii ! Onuita cat Hk altera rotiB ; 

Vel GraotK Ipdni mn C^xu. at Ceretnun. 
Sed », Aultuire luo, pogaa, andacior. Ire : 

(Audacein qtieniTli candidal Ule tadL ) 
Aocedu lanquim ad NiUDcn tdmidine blandt 

Trlstii, & tuec illl paocuk mecra refer. 


Ad Lectorem. 

macimi faantrn cmm fmtmi* tm 
^algat Mamt fiihiitm fuami am; 
■ SftcUtar. an Lmttr <u C 
fManu Amicta, mIh ml adidUam ktc tfa, tm*i ttttj 
tx m i^ttmu at, falclait " 
at, fnam Uh Liutntm. 
frtpamtit addidamaL S^ ite t 
iUad moMtra frwfrimm c/, t»»d fimriwiii im Itai.mifm, 
ftd, mttci* (M flit, aMxncl fiaaunmi, M iMlJtjfi' 
fuidm, mtii A pahudam pttM, at im UmUmii fr 
G*UamitMii*m, f t' mitui vm%ctmapvitKrStkiU,iti 
mt kate lUn ttidat, fmtd ttU ifnttiiiiui. fai, aut m 
civitmtiniimttftaiimimimtMr.MmaicmiitarC ~ ~ 
I lantim rtgi»mt. Sad 
I mtitfmitmdmm at. mmtimwimt.- A-tflrtf 
htmtvoltntia ilia, ft friom wuai imgt; tr vtali 
Btgiitu PoMai {Ham{pnllftidar/\fmu at 
ni^altu nam) ixttfitti. mt lagrati trimtn m 

a ifirfirUnii tt 

Aeadimiau, Cvmm diam dettal T Quad ■■h^kmi firji. 
pMM ti mtatt a/gnmii at, id a* siki arragat imioUm 
frntrt BfaaataUqiadiawuadmitif Qmad li erimam 
gmdam tit, /iliia imddia iiBiifMia taati ml, at kait 
taUam crnBw txfargatiaium atifaam partm. Nam 
TiH, Amiet LatUr, li aadaeia xatm fUadt, Sf vt 


Drttmatit Ptnontt. 
Tv»m QdL ft Mor. 
Hnrei dJTCi, amlei 
SnppMititiai filioi lUrport. 

Caplirai BomtiL GUu Folypori. 




EJiu filhu. ^{Imbi 
Mcftalor Aii(liu. 


' Bxi,diifiiam,iM^fU:autiMtifiamtfaaiM 
TUK jamStfUitafiaiwr, &• amdtitia adJuuf 
Bp mMl foMinm, frattr juticaUri taUiii. 

SaJtti eieti atUci, &• carana/ltrmHtiiwui. 
Stdada mUdfUtmm, ti attau 4U itttid agtrt. 
y/inam ilium ridtnUi, plus kae tf^taeulo 
Sitnm vtimtt enJo, fuarn toti ik Camadii. 
Jam ittmeftrrimam alifuam ad voi emiui aitpieil. 
Nitiflmtidl iutatamiiti, actum at dd Putre. 
Tragmdio iakmcfi*i, &• Nattfragium vtrum. 
DUiunu made Prokgum, fftvi. iufuil, ftceatum mtum 
Pndirt, minfir stnalm, iu kaut fnqututicm 
tfen audtt, tffliti sui niAacil farfurd, 
tttiui srgi eauiS, riniU ixoraltr titm 
Vt MifUMi Poita vitie mrial uimltti. 

Qtri medi pu^lum/arHia, aut Sctuam coneatit, 

Aiiqaamdo haHutivit ac Hwutit ie^uL 

itiftu aimet nevtm futiU ; No* at. Sfatateru efihmi, 

Adulta m, stdfutriUi, tudtrt, 

ftlMi Ftlla amico ctuit in mmiHtim. 

Quit luum ditcula inpidil cnfuxutum t 

Quit t/Ma, fuidfrimi aritKr, oHuguit furfuram t 

Pavelt &• kuic Fieri, w lauquam S^ititiaiit Htriuia 

S^mti *»mut, nftiUiiii ecddat. 


I O C V L A R E 

C O M ^ D I A. 

Actus Primus. 

DimoK. {CtUntwia imlm] 

Slquidan ulaptuiwr fanmrrli Mwn, hoc S>e •etBlD 
Sequimini : 
Ego vobts proipicL&m ; nimltun hi luuUE ■ 
trectani piccm muiibus : 
MiniRi bercl£ eil quia mala csvcftnl, tun pcofrinq 

Qui tuum quotidit Catum quasi Bceunli cotnplkmnL 
Vt cUnunini moiU) I Suiumre pne bis TtmpistaU 

EfienI optkii Traca |M 
Ne a Viiplio dorto pi 
Qnev ego l>Bo°'i< cu» 

Mar. Tutor, Entnkr tibi hi 

Cs. Diiiuei poUoi tnnia. 

Nun hoc e»et mora Anlica 

Mor. tmiii6 ulnunque ml 'nnor GDcmtec. 

Qncni cga bODOrii o 

Nun mihi mo m>gl 

a CM de bda. quun a 

Ilaque incoluineiD hie le videre, leri^ laetor, Di»an : 
Polypmts hue me misil Hirus, cam Filio sinml 
Ejtuque w<iall, ut euntibus Krvliem peregri. lo 

Quonun oiler. nalui4 bardui, nihil ullri quKriUt, 
AUct « induslriam uidldil, uti insaniret Wnmue. 
Hoi dudi quau Tnler eonim Gnamicns, iu honio. 
Qui. recti li laperenl UuUos cfi vinum redderet, 
Nil extri carmlna, atq: scnlentUs loquitur csmlfa : 
VU soleas, niii ex ViTgilio poscet. iU poeU abotilur. 
Mem Diaan, rin' tu homini slullo auscultue mihi ? 
Sucoenluri jam nunc gnaviier in corde Sjmiphantias : 
Nun li bolus iste tantus eripialur ex faucibui. 
NunquBin iterum occnaio dabilur, fortunalus nl lies, ao 
ignou regio ; hen siolidi, ac divites : turn ^o, Dinon. 
Plenus fallacise servui, & pecunin indigens. 
N» Oves commisit lupo. ho9 mihi qui concredidit 
Alque eceos ipsos de navi ; cecum aulem Gnamittim; 
Vt magnilice infert sese I gradiri lanium crederes, 
Concedun iabc, bem Bajuli, an donnilii Hiper urcinu ? 

Scena Seatnda. 

Gnomiaa. Marian. GtlasimHs. DiKm. 
GHf. Quod faetU buslumque sii (qut fbmuilft ddecui- 

Giir. Quia Bajmli edioo rabii, qood Simo ii 

Vol iithac intr6 udene ; abllc; Diman, sajture ; 
Non. paucii te toIo. 

Mar, Dinon, st I ego paudi te n^ 

Din. HcTv &ctuDi pota. 
Nam nihil mihi potitu eM, qoam ii 

Mar, Stl Bajuli I quia dico, tiiti 
Ai/. Quid en quod nos Tdli? 
Mar. Ca*etc de nrcinullx. 

Baj. Numnam innint vitra 1 

Mar. Nod, non. non, icd nolo aumm nimis pTtml ; 
Ne forte imago regia aliquid detrimenii capial. 
El IcuaMajeitaUs reus Cam iiaisapio mihi, diiigraliaL 
Exttmt Dint*, Ba/mU. 

Gn. Piab, Teibum npienti mX est : uotunt qnid Tdii, 

utta s;daa damtr. 

Mar, O muiico* homiaei I Dtinai 

m %o enem navlu : 

Vii OM! BbilineQ, qoin damem. 


Gtbuim*. qfiidta OfMttti 



—- 1 



Gn. Quid firoDtam, m (Ucam Mecapboriot, capcnu 

Gti. Epn' tiinto? oon ; in«dittbu tuitto da natuiA 

Cnr Dij DesBqne makhciuit ornne*, nunquain>a*igBbo 

le rebelknte meo uona- 

Ga. Gtiariwu, u 
Navlcatla tna ? quid Jam de mari } 
Gtl. Anuua lei esl ob I bent eH, quod a 

£teMlantuni[Mr*ut]ocaa, meUan* ocitt ulea. 
AdeMe Mqno «ii1iim, ft melloces audletii ponea, 

iAr, Hri bo 1 o bine ! 

Ona. Qoid CM UerioK t cur imo gemiliim de pectoie 
SecoiKlaiii poetaiD. 

Ato. ToWSi 

OjeDUcuhim illud. iptodctoiletabiilallitottttncvginiil! 
O ont I o Tlnntn I oh tomai I hsEC omnia iniinUx perdidL 
Obfonavl piadboi krBlite. 80 

en. Quia tall* fando 
HTTmidomuii, Dolopnmve, aal dart miles Vljul (eiqibo- 

Dlce gratia) 
Tonpenjt a iacrjml* ? video oerti recti did a veleribtu. 
nop, Mtip, ibm. Tfia xoJti. 

Sive nt ego JuTCoii In Pentomclruni Latinum miutull. 
Sunt Bia mala virii ; Ignii, Aqua, Uulier. 

JIfy. Pneterei. Tator, aliqiild allad CCTte, pie nimia 

Nan onia, a. alaa lenam procul pnupeiiinii 

u.iUa aufbgil loDgoli I 
Idqoe it! tga obunavi ipie. go 

Gm. Videa ergo, qnod 
Po«l nabeni Pbaebn*, Duldaaonmeruhquinoagiuuvit 

Comnwdt a veteribu* dkta «iai in banc Benteoiiam. 

Gtl. Omitdi, Marion, tempenatein remioisd. 

Mar. Racttmoasl: 
Nmiquaiii uuu mali mctnl ne ad 'v*>"™ irem iiigraUi& 

Gne. I am-Jam iractoios lidera Rrniina pulei, 100 
Sed cho to, adeoa' vera nuxuii iroStttriff 
' Mar. Qnldiii mrtaatn i 
Nolo tam dnmm tai me did quicqusm vocabulum : 

CW. E(o mehercuU tone temporii gntlam dod habnl 

PnetlnKK^ M aib PoDti Marmore M^nltiua nobl* fieraL 

nld vefbumei 

Inlelli(ls Tutor? ainbiguun 

Mo. Dii Ee perdaot, imM) In omnl sermone ftMtm e*. 

Gtl. Ain' vero? lAne maietUcts ingenlo meo? 

Ma. Quldnl ? queeso bddod ad bazeditatem nati 

lumtu ? 1 10 

Tun' F^us Dslu maiiinus doctli dictii animum appllcai > 

Gng, Quid est uloleicenta ? rerDaOe auimoa, 
tumque limorem 
MlUite, nam )am Id rado sumus, cum Provobio. 
Afa, Obsecio le alque etiom oro ut' 

Nam oppid6 mlbi anidet bujuj lod (kdei. 

Cw. Potin' Igilur 

Vt sustlDeas animuffi si nuoqul patrim lUTisunudeauO? 

Ma. Hercleverosalin'mihiexddeiat Pater dememortt' 

Pcrquam molesta rei esc Paler, wd nisi &II0T Don lem- 

paviraot aeoe*. lao 

Gtia, Video me (nastra eue : neceste est ul rerocem 

ad me fugitiruni meum ingenium. 
Mar. Nimit dlu berde est. ex quo ego ebilus fill, 
Atque adeo amiui Tidetur, donicum Lu htc regloae probe 

Giia. Tulot, oedo, quid fadenduiD eit jam nunc : pe- 
tlinusiij divcnoiiam ? 
Ibique omncm haoc ex animo eximiinui laasitadlnaii ? 

Mar. Imo iUic bihainu] itreDue. 

Gtl. Recti, A postUla fadam carmina. 

Mor. Atque ego dormism. 

Giu). Fadesoe adolesceus cannina? 
At nonconitabonttiU Pedes poiteaqDAin itminiUberii, 
Intelleitin' Gelsxlme, quod velim per Pedes annoa 1 131 

Gtla. Ha, ha, be. Sugepce I ob intic le dictom amo 



Cannina— tibi pedei— biberis— Ha. ha, ba, be (ai 
Mar. Nk Istot omnei jocoi dil perdant : nam anie 
boc tempoiis 

Madere potuiisem, nld quod diem malt amiilmiis. 
Gna. Eamua igiiui i nam scriptURi in poett invenimus, 

Eonitu Ipse Pater nunqnain niil palu» ad anna proslhiit 

Vbl Pater, quia erat primus ; Anna, Melapharice. A alio 

Foecundi calices Quern Don fecere Poetam ? 
Gila. Putcheirimi I Quem noo fecen Poetam 1 
Mar. Si me osne bwere poscent, ounquani vel pjtlisa- 

Poetam I *ah I sumne ^o FlUus Polipori natu mazi- 

Gna. Bene babel ; Jam ms inatituaia optimls lecun. 
dum hunc locum atque matem mohbni, 
Docebo pengrinandl artsn, atque edlcam Fonnuki. 
Perauadendi, deridendl, atque adoriendi bomines t 
Donee omnes mortales 1 
Sedprlusintrtoamu*, n 



Iro^eti *«lcrit BMdil, pintntoqnt ((rinM. 
Mar. Lonft berc1« nidhu. 

jgm. EalmnToefoJaminuicii 
Heqiu ipie dum conteniplor Riagls. eooiIdu^ in maita 

Hominnm catmulli Kupcuonun jamdiu in vil icfil : 
Nk ilH Tcitiw MlAt etw ad Uum phni laciaR. 
N«itlqii>m boc ^u«t a 

(Olupe' CM mUil 

Nola ID* bono pa mc dIUKU : nd taUrdi tempoii* 
Dli TOMnm fidco I quid mihi bctuDdUJD eU mLicro ? 
ttam flam (qui bk mm avii at) PhUnaopbiii dcouo ? ite 
Qui pouloi, niil forte Cjnicui, »deb obtairu ncmachu* t 
Num impendAni opatm tbro, bg coDtorquendU L-egl- 

Al DuliuD bercU <xnni cm antplcari id ttudlum, id For- 

Nam luec recta tU'u ad egcMatem : pr a ttrea (hutra 

hoc ipCTkt anlmiu. 
Nunqnam efo eradam Liunliu faoino, nt ick), 
Vnam de mo ipso nlil if Utetam lonfara fadaoL 
Quid ig\iat tgBK initlnuin 7 nam ■feodum esse allqnld 

id ranter adraonct ; 

tal manu mel, quam Laborare in hunc 

m magii eogllo, quid at, opera quod con- 

At Don est, nti nimium properem properare ad id rooneris 

Nam, velim noUm, Mt dt6 ad Corroi nindum est mihi 
Lubet mehercule luidpere roeani Tcterem denuo provin- 

Aliqul inteudenda a 

in aliquem 6iQada : hoc Rmm ma- 

Sana Quarta. 

Ma^iu, Dintn. 

Ei advent ptatet? 
Quantum ex vultu cofligo m 

m laborat morbo, quo ego 

Din. Henu mens Mtrien cam Tuten Gnrmiai 
Ejindem Cuiiue liomlne ft Gtlaiimt seqtnH bio 
heak intoi potal, ibi fill trea conienluDt opthne : 
Hos tgo nlll einungam aHqnl pecuntt, 
Samoe ipie HnlRii istonim inult6 mudmoi ? 

Din. QdMwn b«c kn« eM? ■ 

Qoanltua de MMe eoijtclo Uc ttlpem petil; 
Ok I *do qnid dktnrui : UOa waa, pottaa faoMladi, 
Ocdraijam bitlnbello, uoiifciwui wSStn te. 
Parau labort too : ofUl do : bent nla. 

jBm. Quail non norimui ooi bHcr tUM^ mitle bat d 

Vbleat Kerua luiu? [iiili lirf fii nililliii mm hriM 
Dim. Qaid(mahim)irit tlU? tan'baoHBOMiaM^ 
jKm. Tanquam i& Dim, tta HMia 
Mm. Non nOTl ft 

Imam ntnrine homfiiem, U deptaih pnM. 
Qnoniam rart li 
Quod iMaien tlU *lt a) 
Mm. Quad n 

DiK. Ni 


Manlni n 

Mm. Qam aemiloi m 

Dim. Nonpe « tvyo K 
Nam tu, tanquam altB Blai. oi 

Mm. Ab nequam I idem ei, vldea, qui ftdnl fwlna. 

I eit uti lalMnm de veMlM. 
Din. Faltnm ; ego te noB noti. Dili gcatlai, 
Sed recti, ml vetui amice, ade6 mualum aqVfU, 
NamTirtntefonnKCTeult, te,tit, qnlcqiridbabea>,dK 
Sed il tcDebrii tank turteret, dlUcntit otio'M, 
Ne induai sabUgacnb in dlploldls loco, 
Adeo difficile e« mnunqoe in te diMtafoan^ 
<£••. Aiti*electnianmdetndaMrit;iad«rBM^ 
Din. Coruflfiun dabo, arnica, li me andiai, pcffaoD 

Nam tunc le, SMet (otMtn ad m 



El, quod w 

^■L Nolool 

Din. Quam pedkoloi ntfau «M. 
Otaecni Amloe. qoo BnlMil eollan, & lubuculK? 
tie t^Mnt"" quidcDi mquequiqaB gsrit limed 
Quod dighnm legU, n eoin cam vulnvet. 

Atm. LotnMlwtiel. qnldua? 

£Im. IitegakfiujMacrifanimeM. 
RncKfi mo ncoene eM ; opertra ngo potsi eapin. 

jCm. Admltti TOka nda: quasouiidmndea? 
. Dim. fJanq—ia KOlei ocalis Tfdi msls amtMlora iicr- 

As. Adepol hoot 

iiea Bafatiamn modecMi 
Vale, bone rir, cnsi rerocftriin ii 

jSwt ObMGTO,' nnm Binicuin dMoii? qidd i 

£»s. Teipaina peMUam. 

jBm. Db lattar (traebnam, aaa i^aoet hft podigcre 

Qnb monra, mbo axpoihw qnld an quod la vdiin. 

in tragulBin inikere a6o 

Bn^ardem atUiii . 
nam ego 

>o pne modeMU,) 
I, quemqoe pnehesdero, 
Vi onrid6 M tactoa craduit modo d coiiq>e»rii]L a^ 
ZMa. Vtloquhnr, necnimaiapatunmat,mihi valide 


NunpmpiadjttUiti: lalmns, olhil mwiDi a. 
Aia. Di} me uaMit, qnandoqiudeni buoe hominem 

leGdelem/oref aSo 

,>Sot. Do deoa Uttei tlbl : qtuEto cui morulhuD 
Fneatsnda CM. fiden li InleiiKWniet fcaiigiiiiiu? 
Sad moram dictis creaa, dk qui aiiii boniiiiei. 

It diet, ft iiwM<^'P' paouiB iaiido ungulM. 

Dim. Id vift tibi dlcam omnia : led cum iMoeciae 
Oamatt ni. jBa^lie T jBm. Piih, potiu'ut quidcai? 
Akmq reititui tild ridecr aalii l»rilk«7 

Din. Vt Totofc e«U : Mtln' ex tmproTiio tandem 
AmUtiataMaiclaeM? ^A*. Mens boout.Gaaiui I ago 

i)M. Mens alter idem I j£wt. MeuaPBadeiJ 

Din. Oreila meui t j£bi. Meus-~Ait dri lofxar^t 

Din. HHie tricas, I pnaaaqoar. 

^ai. Quaif eaaem lam moU OKTatoi, mi madea? 

Tlbi iMTclt locum cc 
Din. HcA opponunlUB, e 

&m0 Quiiita, 

Onamim, GtlaiiMUS, Uarian, Patr. 
Cm. Vd in pcimo Actu Menxchmi, SoeoA leciuuU 
didiur joa 

SepokliruiD habeanius, A btmc comburamiu diem. 
Eogi Flautus, iwi roO xXa-rit diclus I sic Honliui 
Dion condere, & 6 roi^friit L&til per aceUertliam. 
lamqoe diem clouxo compoait vesper Oljmpo. 
Gtl. An dies mortua esl ? ha, ba, ba, ba, an inquam 

dies mortua'sl Tulor ? 
iftr. Morialur sani, ant suspendat sc, si volt, Awr. 
cedo vlnum. 

Hum nunumnemagi' vetus? Pa. Illiai, iUkd {WiV.J 

Kulliu ett in loti uibe qui tibi melius prE^wat, 
Si ^ua ftater euea. Mer. Ftbict, camilei t 

Non sum ^o PoljpoTo unicus 7 sed peridum laciBln. 

{iiNt.) 310 
Ph. Vt sdntillulal, quasi— J/«r, Sdntillubu i vidaam 

FoTtattl* hoc prxMat oerti "•'"'"''■t probd {Mii.i 

Quid (matom) an captos pedes meoa? Pk. Egon' 
Ater. DimidlMuin tibi cyvibum mmquan Tulor, por- 

CiJ. Obsiuppfadam jtia ego puenim ingenlo meo. 

Adi sis. Pn. MailmB. GUI Adesdum ver6 Mioime. 

Vt vertnmretorqueo? quid agis Minime? Pm. Videt. 

Gtl, IlB iiimi6 eilguus taem, ui vii bercle 

potciam, jao 

Pn. Illico, illico, jam venlo, jam, jam. vinuiD ocyuain 

G4i. Avtdavit : unioo plani ditto occidi bominem. 
Ita ooue* quiboscum loqim semper macio Inrontmio. 
Hominem tetigi Jods qoano Nonas Februaiii sub signo 
Rosse. iSfriHi.) 

Gmo. Ah pwras iirldere Mum Gtlasimt. 
iDgenui nihus puo- eat, logenulque pudtois. 
Adi sis propiOs : quid oculos defigls uieo ? attoUas caput, 
Ncads derivaii SrSptmr iri tdO dm iS/xo t 
Prooaque cmn speetwit jnimaiia ccelera tonun, 

luuit, A oecuw ad lidcra toUen vuUus. 

04/, Nod quit respondere : ita joco iuterieci modO. 
Euge Gtlaiimd, nunguam commulatut clues. 



iter. Puer peie ocyOi vlnuin ; qnid bom bona* pat- 

Gna. Audin' 7 itt Couin, 
FaletSTtm, Lobhon, CtBcubmm, Uqaeandln'? netit 
Aat Vatkuium, tot VefeDtanum, atii i.«i«*«im ,^ cave, 
Namque bac Id aUatn paneni accepu apod Aalbora 

Fu. Factnn pun : Vlnum oejm In RoMm. 


Ph. Qao perHi bone liz? nolunt hie Adidi^ni : 
AU com canliuDctiUi DO<rlt. jCm, Ain' Nanule, 
Ramenliun 1 Trfcntal homlnEi I Natum amliia I 
Noo licet amlco* alioqul ? Pm. Amlcoa tuoi? 
In pOI^Dt OBcA qaaattet : vlnuiii iron bfbuat, 
Niri, frali In Prindpii natall cum ei canalibus fiindllur. 

^H. Quln abi In malam rem furdfenilc. 

Pw. lUlco 1 nUco. Sxit. 350 

yBm. Saittxt rat plurim Om Jubet amlciu foster *ctus : 
El vlvoi Talenlesjne buc advenlue id volape til mihl. 
Fad[ hoc fortUM TeHi* Inaoleiitia 
Vt fugiat vot menioria qui slm, 

Gtl. Non multiim bllerii. 

Guff, Rem aeu tetiglMl, nan ilc mdhii dictum reor. 

/Em. At TeMnim ego & memini, ft temper tadam at 

Nam Horionis paltl Fefyfani jam alim summui All, 

FoMqnam p eryt advtoientem hoaphia me excepenu. 

Gnt. Nb bonl memoria ei : didlcisse artem, 

aibftrcr, 360 

Quam {Teferenle Cicerone) invenlsie dldlnr Simenida. 

jCm. OtJaiinu salve (Dil fadanl ne blstu aim) lalve 

Mar. Ego non magli te norl qoam Hominem in LunL 
Sed >1 vii, salve. 

Gtl. Hunc etiuti homioem ludoi bciam. 
Nunqnid vestes etiam vite (ba, ha. hn,) abiaunl 

y£«. Mod^admodum exbello redlf, conimutare non 


Ita TOi ut audlri advenine properavi vlKTe. 

Gtl. Adepol veite> malas 1 an ei bdlo aufugenmt ? 
An ouenderunt terga ? tua (erga hie inlelligo, 370 

jCm, Oh ; bent bercU gaudeo quod dgnificaiai mibi. 
Nam UUc jocns ett, Gtlaiimt, antiquum obtlitei. 

Gtl. Novit me iste proculdubi6. non urg^io amplids. 
Ha, ba, ba 1 An ostenderuni terga ? 
Nolo Jam coiam pcngiino, post saibam tamcb. 

jSm. Hancmlhiquam Tidetii, nragcmeflecfsnullgladii. 
Tom gaknun ctnite, eccam lonDentorum operam, 
Annon odor Pfril pulverla objectu'sl naijbus 7 

C(/. O bellum quad minimi bonum ! 
lU ego hcnun ; nunquam ceuabo hodie. 3B0 

Gm. Bdla pa- idmuhlos plutqnam dtilia campos, 

Saiia' Ue homo anMit mU de 

DMnalavl p« josom (tu aint) qo^ aeaac 
Otl. Notdn' TcrA. Tutor, tetVt dk m 
Gn. NonMBi? qnaii— 


Gm». H«u pocr, u 

Pm. {SmU.) Suutat veUo. Illko. 

Gna. AtcUntqnameoqiMntaiaapafagL eto,^encMi 

jEm. Prmdam babeo : tal*ai aom : m hoaoe Ariaot 

Due tea ftatlm pemadaboBl, Sbrietai A B(a 
Eho tu I dam voa hie laiglur ilocamui eja3bi», 41a 
lube ^tharistria faiidi ma oblaetel antiuocall. 
Orcnnifer to merum; da blbo* pteoii cantfaarii. 


iter. Non, twn, non. 
Sine me etK nihlU. Gtl. Madet pol JAHm. 4^ 

Utr. UadeoD' Gtlaiimt t 
An ego madao, Turn 7 cado gl 

Gtl. VIdeon' ego ci 
Plani efa(iu«e( Gtlasimt, per Deoi in 

Gma. Anna nramque cano Trajm qui pimiii al 


Anna virmnqne cano {BUH.) 

Mtr. Beni habet : ego iterum polabo ne me eredaat 
etslum. ISafrw,) 

Dim. Hofunoe hie tfo beta at aermooea kgani. 
Qoam Hrenui Genio indnlgenl I taxo, al rirai viniu. 




jBm. Niii disilmiileni qnui btberem, hercU me ever- 
tcst crathla, 
It* pfopennl inlerlre : Dii me bcMum rohmt. 
ita, E^ non ■am ebriui Gtlaamt. 44a 

GtL NequeccD. 
Mb. NequecgD. 
C(/. Beni igitiir ; nluton liU. 
Me. Bnimra^ tgo snni [ngenlodiiiDliu. 
CW. At ego maitb nugls. 
i/a Tun' magii? 
GtL Inqium, Magli. 
Mo, Bent, sum tuncn InBeDloBiuhnus, hem I proptno 

Gil. Va )atxjmis tAntiir.^^ eqnldein, iti le amo Marion. 
Me. O Gttatimi/ 450 

Gtl. OMariim/ 

Ou. Hon mania ocjAt ; (Aur £nV.) 

(i^utm imtii uuihimfiKil &• ct/mima.) 

Quid H>i P GOlaptill iTTijiiiyn tibl gnudera com Comlco. 

Mt. DiiTounm Bdm J tnnpestatem misnam I camns 

Gtl, Tempattatttn *er6 1 ecrto c<ftlua uufao exottui 

Itft Tebementer coaqnaiMt navim, nl irii queun stare. 
im, Mridorqne nid- 

DiM. Pol monalei scq>bkx>i I 
lyrilmux, nni* perill, ad utiBua u pant qniique. 
Neidant Jam TOcem meam ; ego. palehrA '<»'""» dabo. 

y£in. Diaonii ilU toi e*t ; Engepce I factum eit 

One. Appaioit adhAc irdera : hlc Pollux, ilUc Conor 

at. [ad lutttiuu) 

iSm. H«m t Bauclere, naudere Inquam t quamdhi 


Ma. HmqiddbciamrolMr? 
Pne tfrnoniMtimvomamiii Jamnudiioteuar, ^ya 
Nunqoam naTigibo poateA. 

jSm. Adewlum, adawliim iaquam, GneMtct, 
Vidoi' floctom iUont decbnum t 

Gme, D«daue veoit Impetui uodse 1 
Poaterior noDo cat, tutdedmoqne pilor. 

GtL O A qui* Ubcre Jam queat Salutem mihl I 
Non [11111111111 non Jocari hoc ipao in anfcnio. 
Expir^Ki anhnam joco. 

Ma, Non pcaaom pad me mori. (gtauJUiHt, ) 

OquotieapeccaTiegol (Mi/) Uadul quotieaJ (MMf.) 480 
Qnoties (cortatni inm I (MM/) aonqoam vldebo patrem, 
Nunqnam post bnc bDxun, (Mti) aU tit mer ndjcr, 

Conicrtamua noa Tutor, ad preees ; illkb. 

O lerque quatecqoe beati, 

Quedi ante ora Patmm, TMJK ub mseaibni al(b 

Contl^t oppetoe. 

Pn. Ecqoid noa vocaitli ? 

jBm. Dli (e perdant, Iti intqipatunt h&c te cooUda. 
Abi SI fnrcUer. {txtntdil) Gia. Quod fit' 490 

^m. Rogaa? 
^idistin' ut ad prorl duhUi Deiu aliqnii maiinua adsilit ? 

GtL NoQ, oat pudi magmu. Mm. Pi*dl? 

Gil. PUda mdiercDU, 
Mdiercule. fnqnam, {Bicia, a 

Dim. Ftum ruptl xmt, 
Actnm de Dobli, SoeU. 

OtMecro Btqoe 01 
E^o fillna amn Poljrpori nati 

Dim, EioocTBbo bunc ^o congtmn in eorum c^ilta. 
I aocil, periimut, abiorfaet BOa mare, ( Auc^ 

G*. OnomiilaM I nden'ntaquaspappiaQomfalblt? 
Senraie banc famnum jpgi ooa potatt Sahii, 
Vt peaeintt Comictu. O Peripolemarcbe, qiueaa due me 
In inferlota naTia. 
Gil. Et me. me, me, me etiam obaecnk 

[Dtfrvdii m tiilain Bcmiard, ) 
Mt. Valete ; ego Jam motiar. \fiadit. ) 
Din, Ha, ba, ba ! dli rostram Sdem, rem vanDttam, 
& kpldam ! 510 

Non potnit evenire meliiu, quam erenit iitluBC bbiica. 
jBm. St I at 1 Dimtm u 1 deacende, attom dormiimt : 
(Ditum itieiHdit.) 
Nn ego multum faHat, niai hi bomii 

Ptur ingndUnr. 

tet caie pro bli qnoi fe 
Antequam hunc etlam aufenu. 

{Mcrianii lacalat tfaliaf, 6> datfuarv ffof.) 
jBm. Peconiam 7 luijenllnimi, lubeDtiiiiiDi accipa lii. 
Pu. lam babe tibi hune aalnom r tllioA, lUlc6. {Exit.) 
jSm. O lorem, Eleteroqae cdllei I 

(Telbinl Meriantm) 


ACTVS Secundus. 

Scena Prima. 

Dinim, jemy/ia babjtu Mar, 
Dim, MmyHa, eequid Mai animo } quin Iteram, 
inqiam, iVa^Ua : 
Hvedli illB veatea sunt, T«««r D« oaehnt iaoommodeul. 



QuBoquMn loMim leecro. ■! KmoM (cnm can wrrnlo 

Din. Puo pel otcttkrli i 

Mat. Siqaideo btreU ln|(ni, faao mihl as MM 

Sed Be aooadM adeo ; odi lonpa' lawlM tUM, nlhtli 

Sdo quid dlctnnM, mlla loni, potttni boKhuo lo 

Ocdm bli In bdio, oodTouui wDUm, Cc. 
Pvcu Unri loo : BlfaU dtx tm* rail. 
D^a. Quul DOB Bwinnu noi intv ao«, mitte aafu 

Nunc te, MriptitUn' Uneru u) Pafyfamm t 

Mm. Homt qoidali? noi macnl tM negodli 
Hajoribua ImpadM, nope n 

^>i«. Bnmplar UtUnriiiii ad Paljfttum vldBra rdim. 
yCm. Ham I Uncianmi ? pousl Bcci at CMMndam tibi. 
Din. pDUit Aol at dhnin— m tlU capat nU mltiu 

iiCo. Obloqaoli mlhi lic ocnuo? li(e hu, Inqnam. 

iMA DU* grub* ctUKtl*, Mull t Monlm, ni» 
DomiiM atque Arnica bono, queni cola Inbcni, 

S^ht virtaie filhun ccpf luoni, 

DuoaqoB anifOM ; mtvo none vlnctm domi. 30 

Victore DW wptrtlcBta ^okaam. 

Hoc pnpcrca, ndimi tL capii, uatnni «m, Vale. 

% bae TM tKooedh, atqne ex acnlentit. 

. E*o«| 


Hem <ituc ocyui : Jam Coito* pmni puio* es. 
Abl, atqne adnc capdra, oaira rem ordlne, 40 

Vt capti liDt vi, armii : hie TO! operibor. abi, (£ii/ZMa.) 
Pouram ego nunc unlnmra Mortales LudM facere ; 
Equidem oulpsiuii, pKiie metuo : lie peraonaloi Bowi~ 

barJamatluda [emal st) 

Vernm .dvg'/JDiwiw fallat Adeoa'penonaei, i7it/<iHts f 
y^V-U™ utl ncthi) : ledeu : tid I Itthnc ttara'H, 

m Uc caput nieum tanqnam Elepbantiu, 

Ca. Vna mIu* tIcUi nollain ipenn tahitem. {luim.) 

G*L Cent; akl mataoB on UHl 
M: EfD etkiD aUqoid fad. 
G4L VisnwMr aMpt Inrtariml 1 

Dimm, Omtmitrnt, 0*ltimiu. Mtrim ^aUu Mw^Li 
Uo. Heir Tuuk! Tutor ; ago aou torn J6rMi>. 
Ga. Qoldakr fio 

iA. P<r Deoa ii 

Qoid bdaia ? Tntot Tiden' r 
C«. Noo aqoldem imideo mlnir a 

(ML OmoM tiyuiual mux 


iAr. Et Dilhl, aed ego iaoi« gas, ft im 

GtL, EfO Idan te admonni. len podai, a 

Odi pocnm [moodt Ingenii, Inqult, Vir ac 

Sed quid ego it4 coaple loquor In miMitti ? 

lam Uoet tiU vert Oaact Gtlmdmt. to 

Ingoilo poii Naao PoMa meo. 

Dot. NiB alltcr Tgfafc Tinun aKacemiBmbenmi, 
Nam voa coxraiuia vellt. Cs. immo ; pro UUta ura : 
Siquid me vdit, Po«ta reapowlen docoit, 
Cotam, qasm qwaritii. adwm, Troliu £o«aa. 

iiar. Meaeat>fcleatanDfaiavMtkmdi7dicquiHn, 

rHm. EipMteQt le ; caTC 





Git. Oqaem te mBnort, Miles, namqna hud tib) voltus 
MorlaUi. nee vox homiuem toiMt, O Dea certt ) 

^n. Efipcn po Mum na IneBm A lacera du& 
Sk tbtahiuita fBttar pmsxau Io*li, loo 

Medio rie beBo ralet Gfa^nu mcoi, 
Qnid annfl posum. estls voi eiperti lads, 
DdUnnn ■Iteraa, <k Timn eat Fuo C mlU. 

AfrM-, Quid fiuUua ? timor in poautiota deddlt, 

Gtl. Vt bellioi loqnlur f non kodeo hatw homineni 
Jods laderc 

Mm. Ob hoe Polrpero cd«reni loiii Nnnchuii, 
Hinc Dtl Tos mItos dneat. 

Gn. MecMiuu atsTis edite RerilmSi 
O ft pTBAUam, A duloe decos meum ! i lo 

Mtr. Ego IterOfB reTtnicxiii mm aqiiam Tite loquitur. 

Gtl. Vl jam mheKh (eroi I hand mulnlm alittr 
Hfama (iiiiniin) ex mare tn fosmioain mlgial, 

Mwi. Qirii tn ? Td Auc » 

Ms. Ego ? aemu imu — — 

jBm. Quid anna Inndlt meai? ha I 

Ma. Ftfforia Ml Mudiotiaiinuia, 

M. Ambaga mittlla iia 

Her. ntioa natu TDadnitu patrii me) Ego. 

.^iB. Nonen rog«. 

Mer. Viiaam eiaet diginun quod aoiidka. 

Mm. Yfoak sum ; toum 1 

Gcf, QnsmadnuKhun (cmn boni toA vgdU) ta vocarfi 
Eodem ptaat modft ddectcr ego nomina Gtiatiwa 
Faoelt meam nomen cnm lllfDa aonfan, quo illi aaacD- 

tari posdm magla. \SetiHl.'\ 

In^miT] me oJlidi ad Bomiarthmaeiidtm quarto 

Mm. Tonm. Or. Sed >i tantna a 

r nomen cog- 

Mm. Fac aerve offidmn : mrsiiin revratai Intrfr, Bxit. 

Gtl. Cato cenhu ablena mihi tolo Mwnxtat capiie, 
Admlratnr Ingenhun meum : medlas fidim eaptn'fl. 

Mar. Non reapoDdabam OH nmlcA Gtlaiimt. 
Enge Moriim ; nolo me indoctom prsedlcoil, 
Lteet Indlgeam Taa tam . 

Di. PlacetoehlBCToa? Gt. Qaat 

Di. Vttde ednctl. 

A. In cellam Ulam angtutam ac lenebrioanBl 
obaecro? 140 

Qium ego Orel jannam per Jocom nomlnaTl modo. 

Di, Sdticet ; donee vos Polyporot. 

lUer. Eanma Igltur ; fdacent lenebne, 
Nam d diolibt boa pannos coaqddam, laerymalxi l«r- 

Gm. Plantoa Comediam tcrlptit, col Captivi Ijtuloa. 
V&tea 6 Plaute fuerai, nam vates Domen amUgnnm'si. 
Nos Jam Captivi. Atit f irtXtUrt fiovXil. 

■War. Tutor, Tutor, refotlen tb oejt* Tutor. 

Giu. Qoideal? 

Afar. Nihil jam ; aed aliquia momardit me de tcrgo : 
eamna sodea. Examt. 150 


Mmylia. Dinm. 

taut pedioe. 
Neque nnam ei ilUai tententiii babeo, quA me comoler 

Incertum eat quid aBun, ita lathnc re« Mbilaria'at. 
Heus DinoH, buc le ocfia ; inqnam Dingm. {/mlrat 

Di. Satin' ea aptid te? qinid vis ? 

Mm. Qniponim? mod61nvii 

Dim. BomiardamaeMuUmt 

Mm. DlitL Nolhlt *Dm. 

Din. Quam moi adait ofaaeero t 160 

Mm. Qnin adsat : via pnnotwn tempoiia ad conalUum 

neroa lapldea. 

Din. \mb piatrinnm, ftistes, vincub ; istiec ne loqoalur 

phis metua 

^ai. HumlnkniumhoccalHdumesI; 

Dimm. iu hdta 

Din. Quid? 

Mm. Hem. tariU. noodnin li>tdl%i>r 



Mm. Ad nimmam domuin lacendaa 

tinao nbi Ule 

I. Quamotxem? 
Mm. Pish, id mora eal dioere, aU. 
Din. Abeo : aed ndistlD' ipae Hiliteni? 
Mm. Daobus his, inquam, ocuUs : moleaiui ea. 
Din. Abeo : verum dicei DKmoDem. Sxil. 

Mm. Ecoe auiem adeat I mcoaii cotom ett aliqut 

Sana Qttarta. 
Bamiardemiuhidii, Mmylia. 
Bam. Quia hie locna. qiue regto, qiue mundi plaga? 
Vtu <um ? sub ortu Soli*, an Bib eardine 180 

Ghudalli ursae? nmnqnld Hsqierii maris 
Eitrema tdlna hniK dal Oceana modum 1 
O aalre Domui, vosque Penatea Dei. 
WAtaa' le Patria 7 ludit an ocolo* meot 
Imago faUai, dob ludit ; video latb. 



Mm. QakralmBUIil 
Bam. DomL 
Mm. Quid ? ui 

Decepmi umbrt? venmi m : quid relli tcbun. 
■ Mm. ExpCTiliea« tmit : leqoe ad oOehmi pan 
Nun Mitam ex milite liKivii, h oomedun poMei. 

Bvm. O Soehu I quli hoc Scylhlco nMtM iMnore, 
Sit UcM Ttfili nuUa-, sat genllor £m. 
Quti noqiuull dlxll ortifi fonnhlo ultlml. 

P)ui mifiia i b ct lt ud lnb pnidentU est. 

Mm. Qok iMlc? bem t rerorten, al malo nveu. 

Btm. N(hn fbrnMo, led Mmen lotui Mmo, 
Efo mite* |uTen<a, non min, credo. hllerU. 

Mm. Profa deo*, detsqae omna I men' UU didi? 

Bom. Nod dlco ; >l autfni izpt falluntur i4ri, 
Intni ne ili: in nun m nt mda. 

.^R. Ton' noatJ uU sit Kentium Bmmbardomatkida f 

Bam. Non norL 

.^M. Al nltl Jonlo non credam ttU. 

Bom. PrrcCElum, ft ckB bees Don notum est ndhi. aio 
Lingnl jun>, menlem Injnratam gcre. 

Mm. Sed noni prcM bomioem. Bern. Novl allquo 

Immo Ujnk noTi, A hod dot) tonlila, 
Vldetor ille brtJi, nee son vir bonus. 

Mm. Ilane coram in os totmlcDm laudat meuni? 

Bam. Vldetur tanlnm dud, non est vlr bonus. 

Mm, Recti uUmom luum advenii ad animnm ninim. 
Si htM in ade* IntiA meiuem *e cuilclal, 
ItA tnomatum dabo lecundnm *trtntei Rial. 
Vt Ixtmn perpeiuA locum pejus anfue, oderlt. aaa 

Bom. Ego rus rerortar : peiidum sapiens tbgil. 

Mm. Ha, ha, ba. ha, Testis commotata quid bdi^ 

Btm. Qua! leiU fundU? bdem ildl prius 

Quin radeai, loquam. reroKi a)iquand6 bonum'n. 
Ipsui en 1 dominum unus ddadlstnom? 
Qnis me per auras turbo prscipiiem Tehet, 
Atiaque nnbe InTolvel, nl tantnm ncTaa 
Eripial ocnils? 

Mm. Occisa res est. p«1l. 
Advenlsse salvrnn gaudeo; laMstla' usque alMetioe ? 130 
P«r JocuTU hoc Ted adcd. ]oco venlam roga 

Sm*. Rogas ? thnendnm est; allqui* hie erntt dolus. 

Mm. Nmic homlol subpalpabor : aperjil Tohil, 
Vtnun isloc sub omaiu satis delitescerem, 
Tu Dostl usqtie m Initio quanquam dlssimulasti ledulA, 
Ops^m profectti ludet, Hbl verba qui datuius est. 

Bam. Anteqnam vldl, novl. per magnum Jovem, 
Sad in Jocontei nuius jocari placet. 

Mm. Sdo, wd nbl eat EncomlaM A Mror mea? 

Bom. Sequantnr poni, mm' comharl fhglnei ? 240 

Mm. Quid hk lennoDes ciedimtu : Ibo illli obvlam, 
Etdieamui " 

Btm. OeataK : Jocail nolo. 

Mm. Hon I DOndim hoc did tftil 1 
Satin- obUtns fal ; adeb mibi dom; jam 
Spectmum, CacodMnondm, nulomm 1 

ic dcAoaet. d. qua moutia hk fioot dloa 

. bio tnl omala ipMit aadiM. 
Bom. Nibll tbiieo : Md efoa' at oca amamm U 
Credam pins Ixtboc : ft idhil timeo tamco. 
Mm. Vellem mtfc arm la la testem hnjns rd : ■ 

Mm. Id ado : obtDiKUa. Bom. Timao oil pel lovcn, 
l^tnm CM : abL Mm. Libenter. Ha, Iw. ha. {B*it.) 

Btm. Pavel anlBiiia, honM, macna pi»nidw adcM. 
iDoendar bt, r^iiori led quo naado, 370 

O PtiBbc pMlens. f^erii reird Ucet 
Hedloqne rupuim meitedi eaAo VitOL 
Dim. (Supts^ Ob. ofa, ab. 

Serma Quinta. 

Mm'^i'- Eiuomiua, MgU, Pitcai, Bom. Stnmi. 
Mm. Quid eat, bene, ecqnld thnes? Btm. Ttmaoi 
Ego? at 

Proh Deo* Deaaque omnes 1 Mbcna* piin* 
Perftmdet An:toi Ponius, ft Slenll rapax 
Coulftet (eitns nnda, ft loulo Kge* 
Matara pdago mrgei, ae hiceni daUt 
Nox Btm tenis omnibos. Tlmeon' Efo ? 
Mg. CaeodnsMiet? O anperaa ! audtae bocnom 

Bu. OVentis t tuftego, mea /d^ilfdiaMDtlmuBMU, 
Nam mibi dbus ft potus en, ut ahini, da his Umlarier. 
Piacat, quio PscEai. Inqnam. suida est luec T^Hyit ; 



^g. O minim I tola trepida 

Em. Meoutor, color vntiiur, ClunabU tanquam Leo 
i pgg« Psttas. 

Pi. Not omnes fllioa tagvn. Bu. Tun' ago adem? 

/>!. Non i< pluKt, ag9 

Sed iUa fiiKll quam Dovit bmiliaili mea Philocomatium. 

Eu. O : jam Inlelli^ Pstcat, perge porra. 

Pi. Allonim fiilsse dixit 
Tarn sbnilem vlri, quam Aqua aqnee ilmlUs est 
El eral nudiu totom ccrpua. Bu. Totum ? O Venui I 
Mohum, mecaMot. cupko, videre iitos CacodEemonai. 

Pi. Into li ma^ nOTcris, Buccwuisa, mogil cuperes : 
Nam hobuit ha, ha, lue, aequeo cogitaoi quJn 

Bk. QuIdhabuilAKaif Ps. NoDinieUJsls?babiu(— 

Eu. Qnidf doquere. 

Pt. Tammagnamrem— NosomceiadmicariilUco. 310 

Mg. Piiofccl6 bic iple'd Cacadzaum, Eacamiaa, 
qnas dixi tibi 
Vidine ma secundum quieton nudius Mrtiui in Mmnio. 

Bu. NuUine Cacodzmonet noceulioresiitli Auoif 

Ps. Imo sunt omnitmi genenun : nam quidam latent 
Sub qwde nigii felis cum te,\ pedibus. 
Quidam sub Vesperlilioiui, aliommque dJAjn ajiimallum 
Imo novi qui ambalant per noctem iaduti sindone. 
Atqne inde evenire wlet tot quod iosaniaDl vigilet 
Cdid CDiatorlbus pads. 

Dejoe^nnt *e allquanda in ganenm, 300 

Atque illic node totA pr^ timore combibunt- 
Posl ctnkam, si placet, plura de re fsthlc dispntabimut. 

Bti. Nunc eamns niere spectra. 

jEg. Viden' quis aden Bmtemiisa t 

Bu. Mallem specUm : ted fonassis bic est ex eomm 

£a. Citit 

Tam Vlri It 

QoieoDque refao 6dH, ft magnA poteu 
Domlnator auU, nee leves metult E>eoi 
Me vldeat, ftte Doidui. 

Ca/. P. Qold alt jBw^Uo T 

Sm. Nempe quia spectiorum plena est, id dolei. 

CaJ. fi. Spectronun f nbi sunt? {uHttiriftc.) 340 
Nulla hie video jEmyiia. 

jSm. At intu* potes sine qualuor oeulis. 

Cal. P. SI lla eit Pater, utantur nostrA domo : snperest 
ilUc locus. 

Cal. P. Nupquam vidi melius consilium dari ; quid tu 
Poles ibi opcHlune filiam tuam hulc noMio nuptum 

Bern. Consilium bonum est, snimoque airidet meo, 

Cal.F. Seiiubtest Virgo? reUquiatin' run? 

Bam. Ssspe reqddas ; tape, quod qugeras. adesi. 

Cat, F. Latere mjror posse tam din sldom. (0«ulalMr\ 
Redlisse saltas gaadeo, A rneum almnl 350 

Hune esse rediium credo, nam vobiscum abtoi : 
Condonate Amore caaco, voi li conspexi ■"*'*ftf 

et Inbenter lamen 

run appdles 

Quod nee est, nee futnrfl tt 
Cal. F. tmmo ,€gU vt 

um dIxi I nam >i cxii iadbut 

I Imponerelur siderum. 
Propter liniillludinem quandam veilnim id jam nandsd 

Ail»qnG, Europsque, Americte alque Aliicse, 
Aliasque teme partes quai taceo sdens. 

CaL P. Memini idem acddere ollm cum essem puer. 
Anno abhloc hum -Giammatioe turn operam dedi. 



Bn. Apotl sis ostium jEmyUe. 

jBm. nril in peipetanm modun 
Nimi6 nimis meluo ut lint istl probi C 
Sanan' es ? credln' lllos aspectul too ol 

Bti. Ntmi loqoumur f 

jBm. Satis id quldem : ted horrenduin in modun. 
Cave sii ne anlmani agas. 

Bu. DlspulabH cum ills Pskoi. 

Pi. Parala sum sails ^myHa, ante hoc temporis 
dlsputBTl cum Dsemone^ 

Mm. Sdo te bonA esse voce : procnldubio iDnm 

obnws, ^So 

H tjmipnna. bombardas, tubas, ft linllnnabula oris rai 

dbyGoot^le _ 


Pi. lUac im MdpU iBdigaii modii ? Duoquid criMBi 

C*l. P. VU ckTli? cado mihl lu. 
Cal. P. Quid ilu lapli? quln apoii? 
" " — Vmun peden In Cbaron- 

Cal. P. Nihil CM : crepuernBt bra. 
lEg. CrepueniQI? O xxdidu fore*. {Swfra.) 

Dim. Obo, oho, obo, Vrti«, hudiic. iimdlte, vectite 

Am. Oh, oil nlMe : ft timeatli aShil 

Bu. Quo aUt PmUi 1 

Btm. Viderc non nutineo tot timldot limal. 

Exit. Bam. 
Em. O Deu I bax Ula Lemii nu est Piaai. 
.£/. Atxamui obiecni, CalHfkauu. {"<*<•) 

Gmt. Plcctere il mqueun lupcroi, AcherantH morcbo. 
Cal. P. O FoCtlcnm DKmoiMm I 400 

jBg. Eu furloiluliiiui omsiiim pracul dubk>. 
Cal. P. Mlia nni : nunquani Tidi ule quid, niti uino 

sbfalnc qulDquagc^mo teitlo. 
Uor. O t pnifecto lum in Bonlhro. [Smiltr] 

Bm. O Pucas, quid bdam 1 
Ps. Quid?fodaiDpericIu[nindi*putatiane. Quodmni 

ttX tibl Eumcn Ovmon ? 
jBm. ItiDf^nepti slulla es ? cava DC ic rB[Hal in nuud- 

Pi. Mme ? DOD audet : ego illi oculoi eflbdil L'amHici. 
Git. ZiD i-dnp, tAftfo' fMMniF, «)Jlt>T(, fi^tr*, 
Eat wlitajiM, kbI, 7<uii, koI b1 briripSt KOiiirrn, 410 
T/itit iidpTvpot iwTi. 

Pi. Immo «l li loquarii Mebraici. 
Ego bene Inlelligo, 
^H. Abl «1* Uulta : Giwcum cm hoc tibL 
Din. Ob6 meretrix \ 

Pi. O icehu 1 qo introibo : ne me detiw. 
InvtriabO in bciem UU : Egon' merctiix ^ipellabor a 

malo Genio? 
Uentlrii OKOdsmon, tnentiris, 

/Sir. Mediiu lidiui faiec rouber CifOcUedion cat. 
/Eg. O Veous I nibiloe vides Emtomiiia f ^ao 

£11. Maxlroe; nU eit? 
jBg. lagcDlnn, oignun unum I 
Em. Proh Tteot Immortales I cum caudt IgneS. 
Cal F. Vbi atf ego nihil pland. 
/Em. Nihil? clrcumapice ; ut'tdnlillanl ocnli ! 
Pitcat, cave malum : nun te deroratunia proculdubia 
Pi. Oh! 
Cal P. Quid alimt jBmylia t 

Mm. Ingentem betluani litic vide modo. 

Cal. P. VU tunt ipecularis mea ? Ofa nisi bllor Leo- 

Quid hoc nwMir 
Din. Occidam, Jngnlaho, intofidam. 

Em. O jEfk r cedo 

^N. Ha, ba, h>, ' 

Dim. Vento : urile. 


jBm^lit, Dima». 

Mm. Pmrgatt ttrttrmm, Mtdici Otniam. 
JVn titii amiflims Utrtit PaHieami. 
Ot i^mimmm facata Orti 
Vntprimmm mUui. fntU murti 
Dtelrim* t^l agwvlmn, 
Bt Sat v*lmif t J rp mr ga r w : 
Tmm vatrmm fmUam vt mil uftrer 
Exiitii, jmtdam ftr Peiltriora : 
Sit natos, via til ijnato, 

BIhcmlii Cfyittritm damt 
O lacram rami tdtmiia tahs 
Ditimda tit Mitt Littralis. 

Din. Sartfru Itgmm, iltmtttmmfat matit, 
lam v^ii Ijtmgttfaitm til yaeatia. 





At MM mmUa Clitmlti Jiatm4Tiiml 
Ttau vairat eamiat aJif tfintmt. 

Rati : mam mmlli vtlimi katiri 

CatuiiitertmJUii vtri. 
lam veHi/allrrt Ltgt mi lU emrm, 

StdfaOiti moHicmm Imrt. 
Am. laeram r*m I &w. 

Msa. Prigtl inttr igmi an Imm, Alii y m iiti , 
ArgaUmm, miii tnvHi, mm iaitt iOa. 
Cmm jmi tmmt &> qtd/mwmml 
Omma pkUaofki fgmttTimt. 

Ptr PUleuflttaim lafidtm t 



Qiid aiiud flWAu, Miii PUhiefki lafii t 
Hmttt lafinu eoquil, iiitiUatit, 
Pbimttut lictl, aumm iabit. 

Qaid u lydtr^ut qvtrii cnrtum Fati t 
Pradntiam graHS stMlli nati. 

lacrttm rtml Af. 

Qui pmltr iariam idkiljam alatij. 
Qutii cmlum trtHtmr <nagit natum, 
Quam Ota, qtd iiftcit Mmm. 
Qiti iilud Um It falaml icirt 
mte Kl ncmtHi ir*. 

Vas. a Jttrttii lytttmm 48 

tBm. AafBrteoqr^MatbeiiHUio^, oamaieiK Bamiard. 
Dim. Opptnaoi ; nan 
tNcandk «n wl* Ubemll*. 

Seena Secunda. 

Bam. ^mylia. ^m. Hem I 

Btm. <>iii BOmmu unci, qoit vnpor ctandil lou? 

MwKfHe, Timai Tooe non f»xr*. looo. 

Mm. El ego nuiof tom, Hon (tU. 

Bam. Opaoi UntiiiBai Dlti* Inbnl loo 
Nigri [rofaiido Tartul onimu ipecu, 
Incxto* utiu oderh uda magii. 

JBm. (}ti«B) loognm en Iter ad Id qnod vli. 
Ulhi benOA vfatlco nns at. Go 

Btm. Quid didi7 andu Dm>«i (O audu nlmi*) 
NoMio* cmentiu oceupat lerpeiu Lua, 
Hie nKB>t. Imno hie, r^nel at nolo dhi. 

<£«•. SdHcel; ft hoc tIi me at idain, qui pilmiu Id 
locntni tibi ram. 

Bam. IxiraitTa 1 u qoain panim Id ? hlc tmiliu pares, 
Hie lUndnaates (trJDgere jamboa decct. 
Quit O Cotbnmla mille hi damin boM ? 

Mm. MdwrcnlioothiinieruniraUleJaniiaMarhabubti 

Bern. Est Into] (vtninne dkam, an podut Deumj 
Quique evocaTll DoMInu dodj aquai, 70 

Egitqae ad imnm morla. Oceanu graves 

Mat. Oralioiwm ccMnpeadiboe ; >do quid Kqntb 
El TCttmn man le tegladt onae, Tenporfl flene Ticei 
Ninpe hie pott tot ambegei laadeni exoccitta eil. 

Bam. Hie moottn tasta voce tembit <uA. 


SI emn ittanun operanmi boailne nq;atlniii oontrahaa. 

Bern. MnUn de me Fama non audet ; lace. 

Mm. At metnofiuneetnn:, utl me par en (acere : Vbi 

Bum. Uoimoxqaenobitideril; hodennuneniAdeit: 
Parum est ft hoc, quin, Adfiilt CbTes mild. 

Mm, Qnamobrem ? 

Bam. lUhu Ictu noiter hie cardo itnpet ; 

.iCdesqne vise! Verba oompescai miser, 

PeribU, at quid dlierim 1 fntetti Peris. go 

Mm. O quantum est deonim, quid mejam Set denlque t 
Itine tantnm bdnns turn Inaignlit In te admittere? 
Ten' clave* ferre? iGthans prim 
Pafimdet An^toi Pontui, ft Skull lapax 
Consistel astni unda, ft lonlo legei 
Hatura pelago nirget, ntl modd pukJMnJmJ 
EHiisli 1 I pne, sequor, subiequar te. EidL 

AtK. Cum recta dids, laudo, con^mn plaoet. 

Mai. Quotle) luee res In nemun pent enipll I bona 
Quam nequiter eipetivlt I 

SccHa Tertia. 
O ZNHAaandlstin' DOS nnllot esse? 100 

Din. AntcolUTi ab OHio omnia ; Dl 

Hoc a 

Dicenda est sola LiberalU. Quando adnit Ule 
CoJuj vox, lanqnam Galli mullo mane, penerm adeo 
Cacodnmonaa? Mm. Modo. Din. Modo? 

Mm. Modo : jam, ft venlet hcrcle non Ingnulis meU 

Din. Sed aim quid de captlvU. 

Mat, Manta mod6 : iatnc ih«m. 
Nam nova atqne degani faliada nnmen) mibi in menM 


e. ednclesfanei taaa, badace inpert ad pnuimO 

Din. Nempe in qoem Gnem ? 

Mwi. inic [noatin' P) scbobun aliquain aperiant. 
Aliquid aliquoa doceii. ejus rei (riictui longt uberrimu'st 
Nam ft ab ec 

Vt brerl se eaptot re 
Modo aliquid mimm froGteanlnr, ft ndiatum minus. 
Dim. Quid si litterai? Mm. Pol litud nunc dlenin 

Sed quia eaa gialU dinet, tanlum, ut det mereedon, 
Din. CbefaiMiunUam, nifilogDomaniam, ant allqutd 
ejuvnodi i [JO 

Mm. Omnes jam Ilka lachnas despicauu habeai ac 
Ni«i brie pner, vapulabit Mcne, exqui^tum eat. 
Ant Ancflla, qnot maritis ac quibns nupla tit futuia. 
Din. Quid tandeei? 

Mm. Dicam. Omnes mmc hamines videri voluni 
Facet! alqoe elesaotnti ; «d earn rem qnovis pacto alfcc- 

NotI qui a 




Ita rinim. aptuil, A habem quod roloBt. nun iDebacl 

Eailem hac Kabie labont Gi/aiimmi, ut qm ■»—<—* 
Din. Vii kaqne Hlo* profiteri locandi Anon f 13 

Din. At 1 
yEm. Recte : hoc eM jooui 
qui* m qui nequil 
In cognuione mbonuD. 1 
QoM vocabula ad niton 

hujuimodl nllbiu ? 
£a babeat in mondo on 

An. Pncdkabik, Aibor Porphjriana, Prxdkaioaulii 

Convenlo, FnJUcia. Major, Uinot. Barbara, Cicmn, 
Celaretil, Fvria, KeMiao, lie tollo, Dicluoi umplicilir, 
Secundum quid, Diiputo ad Komlnem, Redupllcallvc, 

peniDcnt, quaal '<*«!''^ir 
L Quol autem ad Philo- 


1 op- 


I offendai eos ii 

Authoribui, jurabii non e«*c 

Commoda lunt ft Anlborum quorundam r 

Scotui. Fabo-. 
I'ostalus, Suareiius, Nnso, Tranquilli 
Tadlua, »c. 
Bam. Miifflui. {laAu) 

^M. Me vocal. WV/tA. Quid diii^ oh! H 
genua lalit 
Deridere ocDoes mortalea : parata sint(namncu 
ease pu^Uaria) 

m : sed bi jod 

us. A 

[d ridendo dare, in contiahenda ni 

Aliquando etlam jurent oroanienti gistla, icd Dii boni I 
{E^eeuHdit niihl)mercedeconducant aliquoi 
Qui domi bctilent, allquoa qui earn peiitom forai. 
F.« Conuinjs, diipulalioiiibiu, Conuedii*, CondoDlbua. 
Allquoi etiam qui eicribant, nam Tcnalei habere defacnt 
Seniles, juvetiila, vlrllei, muUetirea, CeoenMoi jocoi. 
Hnc ft nmiUa doce illoi, abi ill. lac offichm ; wd 

Adetto iUia aemper. ne liberatl in pedes se coniidBiit. 
Quod ego jam bciam. 
Dill. Effectum dabo : looadi aneni ? ha, ha, ha t 

Msolalilisalis. 160 


Scena Quaria. 

Calllfiama, f. Cal. f. 
Cat. p. Itaneobstlaaliiq«raindasfacereitiead*anum 


Ten nrKinem libcnll (tie nolle in nxoten duccR; 

Cui, lantum doda dtcnua eat^ Cat./. At bodii, Paur? 

Cat. p. Eia I qoani ekfans I craa «iaiii dico. Ai 


Ii nuptial. 

Cat. p. Peritt. reUskimi CM : jamnc patriaMi Cam- 


Pudel tui, pifelque. 

uitiia : volumos iMboc ■ 

Cal. p. Nempt Id da indu 
luniullu peragi. 
Vl ne lanti fiant nuaptut, lamquc in nuliam rem mihih-i 
Qoldjibivo- •■ - 

Ire enbitum, ft dait operam tiberii line atuiU 
Proin tu ft iUa bano ran quaii in Jumu mm 

Nisi lank ^emjliana, ft ^le arUtiii, 
Cal-f. <E«le? maxime. 
Cal. p. Abi modd ; alque nureBi lolhi fw« 
Calf. Quid n noDiruU, patsr? 
Call. f. Nequioqoam noOTult 1 ili iUam ini 

Aggredere iliom anutorio more ; Ah 1 E(o 1> 

Sequere me sis inlTi> ; Audio' ? nisi quod impe 

Setna Quinta. 

^mjlio. Patai. 
Pi. Quid ais jEiit)lit 1 amabb audislio' adhuc 


? Dii V 

r cupio illam ridcn, ft i'-'<^lii"i bccre 190 
Quid in jocis pouinl, icDlient qua mulier >inii 
Nod metuo ian4, ul posteriores fenun. 
Audistin' quani rortlla- diiputabam modu cum Dgenooe \ 
Ne veibum quidem habuit, quo reipanderel mihL 
^A. Pius vocem credo tuam, quam Templi r**"*!****.^ 

Aul coodonaloris rustici, qui ilturo l*ntif«n ■wool. 

(Ucet luam csm noreiil) quia polenlia 
Tonlfun loquendi iliic manere didtur. 
Pt. MeritiKlmo tuo te eiiaiiuD babea. iti leiadt 
loquens. goo 



Oerideri as lacUe ptuUr, il Itthoc fi«t modo? 
Doittbo te ob bol leporei, u( mlbi oaeuhim fenu. 

^M. SI me neoHMot bercU, hoc pscio 
AbhonmUMD fecarii bnvl ■ focclUi omnlbui I 

B* ridirailoria. Via' tu foitunaM lieri i 


indnculani, be gonuna 

innilv AMM>»n«>«<wM«f . 

Pi. Cupio id meeutor ; icd ena qnun iniliuu viun. 

•£m. Gttaamta hie In proiimo vandlt Joeos aio 

HKm dhiuiDiiu, stque nti cue ula lolail, 
Menu itipei, honoe buniurcm admutllui pervdlm. 
luque iiodie Inur u aiqiie iilum nttptlu cnpio fuxn. 

Pt. Nnptau ? ha, b>. lUB I manstor £>diiiu Icpidnni I 

Mm. Sic Ui liU divibtu faciei, atque iUam pro ubi- 

Moltoqus turn Bberins uoare lioebit quem[Mun 
Qu*m nunc Uoet : nt ralei eiii : Ilk, Vlr boaiu. 
At isDcnbil prontii, ant ad calicem donnlM vlgllani. 

Pi. Sdo \ mn cum beta an HertdBa nobitt* 
Aqonm cM obledara mamel illo more AoUco. mo 

Noa commlllaiD ego ul Axm. 

his le ocytu ; efo 1e producam tlloc. 
Pucu, incite hoc Degotium M[rientci & canU. 
Nam nil) KduUi Sagas, quail ai ' 
Nihil agii. Ps. Pish I poUn' n 
An doceodi sum hoc n*-"- '-- 

Ego T«l le, jE-ne/Ot, captare poutam : aU. 
Ne sii in expectatlone mllii, inua panua lim. 

Nttbajn vuA nun pmnHv, «« mmipjain . 
He graiddam tadet. ad banc ma ^ina 
lOios foDgetar rise ; ne natns ei me liet. 
Mihl qui ik dedecori. alqne ingeoio OMo 

Seata Sexta. 

Gnomieui, GttoHmta. Morion. (SiAala aftritur.) 
One. Af. T. Cicero, Oratorum omaium Cotrphvos, 

(Quo ntba ipic mus't) De OraL lecoudo libro. 340 

Quan ocoUj meis plus amo ; Aitem oegavil cue Salii. 

Emvit ; Ciceroaem miper ego eadslimari homiacm. 
Gil. Pish I Cicero ulon tun babuiL 1 quliquamoe de 
tot vocaboUi 

Flgmanun & Tcoporum nulliun unquam faoenet Jocum ? 

Poteram berdt ego ab Aurora ad hoc quod cm diei 

All Metaphora, bonmn cs Tcibiun : & lejioiei benik 

El Acsdeniid iMtotit onuiooe coiledoi habcmni pluii- 

{aieendil in catkid, ) B50 

locdi iD militem roaU veMitnm— 


—locus magmu in Pmtoris op- 
[gumril pagimtm) 

Quid hoc? Ex declamatiaaibui pubheU dodo die No- 

vemb. unusjoeui. 
Sex demi-joci, & tres egregte senteollse. Oh I meminl 

£t pia Hilaria DUDquam btec veudemo* 

Oh Jam loveni locni oiagnDi in QcaraDom. 

G». Lege ; arrecliique auribos aito, b6o 

GtL {l^it^ Ctcoronii nomeu vwmm, AbMl aunc io 
Tulllanum, & poleM conreni 
Ad laudem Cioeronii la bnnc modom Cicero Ora- 

U»r. Tutor hoc taiim en veilxim. Gtl, Oetcrl 

abeant in TuUfaumm. 
Gn. Optima I nam cm locn* in carcere, quod Tnlli- 

Mer. Ha, ha, hK I Gil. Quid lidn? 

Mar. Ha, ha, hn : Abeal in TulUtuum ? ha. Im. 

Gel. Hoc dictum in ntnunque partem acdpi potest, 


Obitfa facetui sum i audin' Tutor 7 Man 
Mer. Hasma^ 
Cn. Hem I 

um : Ibi itcmm : Ludo Tutor, 
— -Estne Gtiaiimt cum r, «, 

It in oibe 
in dictum tou; 
Mar. loc ; jo. 

Gtl. Cum I. » : Scripslstin' P Mar. Ita credo. 
Gti. Repaie : Mar. Dener en 

Gtl. Q icdusi est jocui ambidexter. 

Gd. At male vereor ne hoc non de gravitate mea de- 

Non, nan, ipsi Doctorei jocantur in hit regionlbiu. 

In condemnatos nbi lunt ipii ludicei, afa 

Donniant, cspite annunnL A ille Indidalli )ocus est. 

Generoai )odi lolnrnt Creditotibo*. 

Hlc bomloes onmia joco. PromitloBt Joco. 

loco jnnnt, Jooo falluot : rem agunt divinam joco. 

Pieoe dill, viTunt Jooo ; tantum Jocantur isto. 

Gm. Atqoe ego Iti fadam : il ouiimni sri™*, sjrlvge 
lint Coniula dignz. 

Gti. Mtriem, vide eoqnl Udlatorei prope sint : an 



M«: Iod.iH»liod.opliall»rl)od.qillt>DltDOfoi 


Gtl. Moxtabii noUisnuMlMlKikii: to »i|MidUiuu 


Non inn ob nlhlhBo tuo to|Mk)n ttcMt, 

Nmiqtdd eaMTl boc muw Ituri bean ? 

Vcadldj modo mnlieri. ncado Gal, doM tooM 

Ad elaetnm frunm imim fidelmn putorem tn A^tta. 

Vnirni Miun uii ilunun da OavlbDi A Canma iripUd. 

C«A Qnutianh? 

GtL VnlidrMhmbbilaeMtlDcala*. 

Sad osRilkril looo Toluh tfbi mmm dart 300 

(hu. Bant habai : Caftam o 

In honoron Lcgla ; ft lex ingoiloaai lanlentlai 
Quai in raena dlctoni'st, cum vldiio* qiwlannli aeclpit 
Ciioitnm alltlbiu. Venlt puUlU Itanlla aliqnb 
(Quantum conjecturam eapio, nam ontattu ecu buflkum 

SaUtun A ingcniotuni Dialognm Inter Lutbemm ft Dla- 
txdum. 310 

Omltto reUqnoa 

Mar, Pax I *t I adot emptor : quid vii tibl Domlne 
Novo* jocos, optlmoi botoi ]oco« I 

Ittvtnit Araiimitni. 

Aead. Vellem 1 

Utr. Dart ? noD, non ; babebU, il vi 

Ae. Qnia ta 

Mar. Ego Kun Uari 

Ac. SediU 

Mtr. Non me CDpii? 
Ego powum Jocsri allquuulo. 

Gil. Marian, eicTlbe iLi 
Hasc psgliuun. 

M». Totam 7 vli. credo, vltam 

Gne. luvenis, eccnm me pnnto tlM. Conun, queni 


Gne. Non, oon : aed loqnor 

venisll loquera. 
At. Hvaam doMiI < 

jcbolb publidi. 

3i Domen ah, altnm volo. 

G*. 01 AgWMtfwua, irtnfiiv^fttWw: 1 
n all! lolnt, aodeoi qnl oMdo fa 

AwUn' qiua dial ? Miritu acrlba boo tit oejbt. 

Mtr. Dii u perdant. 
Credo te Joart aoUtwn ftdMe bi Mao UMrto, 
Alqne Ita aaaper bdi, mfbl at huaaai in iilBjmJi 

a, Invenli, la quo bi looo. 

At. An bOBam babetii ooptan pUkaopUconaD aa- 
GtL WMM : Mtritm oedo UbeilHm da }oeii FUlaao- 

Ma. TiuiawHaclMrSclMlB? 

Mar, Ego nun, E(D : quid tna ? HaflMer t "^-Jmf 

Mtil. Recede qiUMo : en Itbl quod In anRsi dkarn. 
Nnpu anm, al plaoel, 
Imparilo naonuD, ft Impoil aria Vbo, 350 

Qnl me maenicem root : Menliri* didt, ft Canb et 
Ilaqne e(o ODve ilH iacetlai volo. 

Mar. Nnpu M Impcrtto moram ft irapori ori* VbQ : 

Qui te mnntricaa rocat : bac inaimm didi m3u' 
Non, non : qoldd dotn hlclatet? 

G»a. MvSitr. adi ait propina. 

Ac. Ha, ha, bv I non abidneo qnh plaodani ac- 

dpe (b peconiam. (/fatidf awoi: ) 

Ob itthoc credo dknuD me siatolknl humeria. 

Ca. Cujos generii '-'"*'*■ via ? 

ittil. Onuilnm, il pkcKt, (OMnim. 360 

Gn. Merien, ced6 Pbi bOaria, nooqnam hmc vcsde- 

Htul. Noo molta, ri placet, pia. 

Cw. Non, non, pnuci pro Die Dominico, 
Vln' eliam Jocos generosoi ? 

Mu. Quoicunqae tibi Thum'M. 

Gh. At allqui hucM nmt. 

Mul. Non refen, A dnt tantum aHiiai. 
lodica, fac prethun. Gn. Non cari nnt sex mhdi 
T^i verb qnontam pnlchra es, ft Pulchrior rat Tirtui »«- 

Sex soHdis fena. Mu. Acdpe ; DH vos ao . 

Mrr. Nimqanm dc aulcrei : aliqidd n^ dafais. 

(CI>caJWa>i ^ziV. 



D W in AcMlanU nspioni vide- 

U pciauriL 

G4L Effactum tlbi dabo m 


^^. Sed i(A componas otq. ut OLdem confautlone hlc, 
n kllli OnUonibus. 

lUqDUD ad Diipotaliooem dereniamui. ad aUqua dbl 
reapondenduiii at, babuiid Itaqne in venlbulo Ora- 

'. Quid? n 

Qim Hint icriptu diffidUa. 
Gtl, AUqnld de meti landibiu, Kd [Koleclo ego Inge- 

NoD memiue tantum da meis lauditxu. Dixiali porrt — 
DiidMl pofi6, aliqdid de Mari Philoiophica 

At. Qnldiiiiondidi? 

Git. Pish. DC time: mmqiuiii quisqaun omiHet More 

Sed ndeo duUm bine nalas Veneres ba I qttld ais 

Ac. QnzHi In id facias ; a 
Gtl Btni habel : Don e 

1 possum quicquam inter- 

optu : perge ad bunc 

Oeten ei memorU dilapsa sunt, itaque sic ft ttnn 

AccinfBA te ad diApntanduni, scripiistin' Aftawt f 

Her. Feri ; Dlkpia lunl, itaque tic A tnin te ac- 

ongu ad diqiutandiun. t'^'] 

Gd. Piib : non oportuit scriptnm — & turn te acdngas. 

Uer. Non 1 slgniEcatuia hoc oportuit mlhi^ — sed 

At. Nthil nipriL : il repetere posdm ci 


Gtl. Id fiMUlimum est ; audies Morionem, Morion. 


El kge ConftUMtODcm. mi ego u docul. 


Mar. Tnn' me docdni P non ; e|o naluiA lic loqnor. 

RovondeDdnmeM, babnisd itaque in vest 



Tnn aUquid de meis laudlbus. sed profecto 


Gtt. Qold? tc(lp«i«tlD' id? dele, iitquam, fxjla. 
Mar. Quid? noBettJocns? ddeton' ego jocum o| 

maa t bent, d vis {itttf) 

Sed video DuUaa liinc nalai Venena 

Gtl. Quid? veoena? 4 

tttr. Haximi ; annoo recti id qnideiD? 
Oti. Pltbl Vencns. 

JUer. Vetiem? belli: in idem re 

Itaque ale 

Ac. Legil pol &ce(iaslme : qid datnr, lanti indica. 
Gd. Non can's! anro coniril ; sod solido tltri destino. 
Utr, Nod, qod : ponam ego preeiuin 1111, qaii repetC' 

Qnte ngio in (ems Dostii non plena laboiis 7 

Bawi. Heus I ecquid ina vendhls jocoi ichola ? 
EtSve & Istud pande, qnodcnnqne eat miliL 

Gmo. Dids vtn. quidem, veri sed granora fide, 
Vl Ondina in Triitibu*, quern libnim oompomll 
Poatquam In exiUnm missus est ab Ai^tisit. 
Sed sine me dicere tibi cum Po^ta ; Die nomeru 

Bom. Heunine nescis oomen ? O ingeni sceliu ! 430 
Ehim tBTa calum media libisliun leret, 
Niiidusque oertas mandus evolve! vices, 
NuDMniiqtie arenis defcil, baud oDmen meum 
Latebit ullos. 

Gmo. Hie liomo, {quantum video) nondum Virgilium 
Nam nndem rem cum Poett qnanto dixisset melltu 
In frela dam fluvii cuneDt, dnm moDtilms nmbm 
Lmtiatmil, convexa polus dnm Sfdon pascel 
Semper Iiodos, nwneDqua tanm, landeique manebunl. 

Mar. Vlx audeo beicU ; Hem I foitem me pneatatia 
Novoa jocos, opllmos novoi jocoa, emlsne novos Jocos? 

Sam, Aln' camufei ? 44a 

Mar. Nihil, ptofecto nihH 
Mecum ipse loqni soleo ; hie bomo nan jocatur. 

Sam. In pnSlgalu hostium tunaas Jocos 
Empwtus argeDtum fsii, Brgectum bonum ; 
Minuque quisquii mmierat, Invenlel doas. 


Mar. Hal Im.1 habco 1 ban tilri Jocnm pnlcbenimum. 
Ad huDC DXMlum bostibus responde. Ablte la Tidll- 

El ad laudem coram convertl potest, al dicu mi>do 
Ne abeatis in Tnlllanum, In, Im, he I - 451 

Gtl. Ecquid pcsiis te lenet' hi CIceronem id opMtel 

Mar. Sdohoc, led aUtsapplicaiihcIU potest; annoo 
Locus CM iu caicere quod TuIHianiim ■ppellatur ? 
Possum ego jocail nlis in loco, diis graOai. 

Gtl. Hem tibi sales mlUtatcs I 

Cmo. Altxamdir, seu PaUwut juveoli 
Nuuqnam en locntni melioces, exempU gratia. 

Rex, Inqnis, Hacedonleus milil Ipse dedit 

Turn dieel atlquts. Quid dedit i p 



ii ubru MuMjods. 


Scena Prima. 

Cat. FiliMi. Emtrmiiia. 

Ek. O iDfonutuUm me puellulam I 
Cal. P. Amare rei libemma ai, Anure uineii cofor. 
Eu. Odiue m dl libcrtima. Odisie tamcD vctoc, 
Ca(. Cui superi. quam ainemiu elicunt, quiciUD vira- 

Rh. Cur Patm in corpora poicstUem babcm. in ani- 

Cat. Aden Etuemiiia, aliqnid d dicerem, sed quid 

Etunmna £«. Quid? 

Col. Ne *Bleun, si verbum ne nuptii) 
OfBcoHuia-— £b. Quid? be me ul Kkm, siquid via. 

Cat. Egon'? nihil i< 

En. Car (ocaiii autoD ? 

Cat. Immo lanluni eit, SoIvb lii. 
Et allud eerie voloii ad audiendum adesi benignitas. 

Eu. Adeil, neA is pwiea eonlerai. 

Cat. Siquid unquam ego 

Eu. Exordia Catlipkanti t quasi d 

Cat. Veibo expediam. Vale. 

£b. EoimvcTO ad hoe audiendum ai 

Vale. af. 

Nv ego In^lii puella, tam niavem qiuc anuuium naeti 

Inlemperise hamlDeni teneat, at Purem mullo mafis. 
Qui hok me hodic nuptum ccrtito dareL O ^mjlis, 

{Callipka. rOit.) 
Tecum vivendum est solo, d vlvcndum eat mihi 
Te Paur, tu me ccpiiti, injuriain IbrtuiuB nllui ei. 

£». O omni pace jiugiuin optahiliai I 
Cut. ±>ic ml Tonures moUkiKi Voia^ 

Sed queatu* iBler, gemitiun. & mnreuir, anaul 
Eu. Sic gtaiuin nostii* foitiim com fiai asiil 
Pax beUica inur cbordai pngiuuitea aghur, 
Concardaol limul, unml A lidgaBI kbL 
Cat. Per VcDcrem Eucomiwa. iibenUi ca ; i 

VioreiD a Diis ipsis n 

Tam lubiici frow a 

Ab^unus, ni 
Paicro, Vei 
Via' te Euci 
Cupjo, per Deoi cupio, Eueoi 

IE coDoedai, cupio, at coacedas, lamen, 

Nisi duni, & Hiffb4liK m 

Eu. jSgita Cattifiaiut t 

Cat. Non, Hon, Don, ab quid fed I aliani 

£u. Affidan te bodle CaHitkamdt, nuncH 
Si j^gltn depois, muluum iBcum bdt. 

Col. Quid ais ? ab noli in ipem floxam m 
Men' ^gU f £u. Ocoli* plni, inqmuii, sa 

Cat. Deus sum, si isdioc venun est, O £■ 

£a. Aeoeisai j^gliu, 
Cotuilium uni capiemui, ialoei tempcns, Vale. 
Cat. Nunc illud est cum roe 



Em. Pbh, nipenede istis verUi, abi. 

Ita pantta leoenul omnia ad Jocandi onem utilia- 
AocomiDodaTli iOh Dinen allqnid pecunke pne manu 
Vnde ntaUiiT, ft putk, credo, aperueniiit Scholam. 

B*. Ha I adeat, amoRin meum Don est uU celetn aoi- 
jCmjtiio, adeidum, pauda (e volo. 

jCm. Stiemiiia, salve. 

Bk, jSmjilia, bodle naptura nun. 90 

iKm. DU mrtant ben«. 

Bh. Nequa4Palreiaipetro, aUquotuli nupUisprodat 

ERneliOG miierum? 

<£m. Entmrero nibO praUxh 
Nam eo cithu vlrguicm emea. 

~ I. Sed fac jSmylie. 

negUgentBT adeo hcerea 

Inqoe prima rofo te, via' bodie mftii aubov 7 

Bm. Volo. 

f£at. Leplde p«IUa tnat agls : atA da mlbl flmatam 

ft). Do teMein Venerem. 

Mwt. Et Martem ego tibi no 

Me bodle le dactortun, dicta conliTmeniiu mavio, 


Bu. Prah deorum Gdem I os bom- 

^m. Otcolaiidl pamam bdam, li os non placet. 
Sed aliqnid noctn fiet, qna me propter antes merilo. 
B». Qoin aoTs' te, inqniuD. ocjiu, nenipe quod dbrl 

Ten' aUam in partem accipere decet, Impndeni ? 

Vnde islhtec ooDfideatia' it t qiue opes tiU? qme bclio 1 
Serritutem serrire te memineris caplum manii. lao 

Mm. At enim liber nalus sum. ac fOrtl fimilia. 

Bn. Linguam comprime. 
Ant dicani Patil at me Intricas cmiids. 

/£«. IHC hade eihns rem le|udam perrcrtlt maU. 
Vale igitir, si Tis, ad novam scholain m« oonfeiam, 
Atque aUqoM eoMun joco* in iraouadara Virginem, 

Bu. Quam inepKe stulta sum I liraeo, ut severa fuerim. 
Qnid d revocem? j^mylie redi, quid pneter morcm itt 
Pneterque Ingeniuin tuum ea mall consulii 
Qiue JucuDde dicta sunt? credin' me locutam terio? 130 

I. Non. I 

Bu. CapesishtincannuluDi tibi. iudignum quo doneris 

9 memsiia nos eiccidimns blc fadio ut sutirenlal libl. 

Mm. Acnulum? maxima, sed jimne locuta es serio? 

Bu. O jSmylie. si aoscerci — ft quidnl noscas tamen ? 

Mm. Quidnl ? qiiii non sum Oedipus : prster 
annulnm nil InteDigo. 

Eu. Adedne tardus es ? fads baud consueludine 
Quia, vDltnm legas, \tgii A sospiria. 
Hunc ipsum legas annutum ; sal loquor tadla. 

Mm. Legam hercle lubenlissimu a ob Ctmi 


n Don *ul( legi. 
inulo animus. 


Ineptus es ; res allai si 
Quid diii? hnmd Vale, sed ne abeas (omen. 

Mm. Horn 1 sio est profectb : nam >i memioi bene 
Condnna fade sum ; slatura commoda, & astalc mlegia. 
Eiperlar qnid sil : Buamiaa, advorte animum, 
O Bueemiiia, dlu te amavi perdite. Eu, Ha I 

Mm. Vsque adhuc auius nihil, nisi oculos pajccre. 
Amoris taedio enecor, nunc Ltaqne luum 150 

Penpioere animum, nt seie babeat vdim. 
In spe atque in limore atteulus sum. Eueamiua, kiqnere. 

Bu. Pudet confiieri ; t, quid bdnm misen? 
Mow ? simultatem non ferereris Paths P 
Sed mitlo Palrem 

Mm. Uissam banc Cadlo raodesliam. 
Vin' me Haritum tibi ? veibo eipadka. 

Bm, Uaiitum i ba 1 quid si id cnpiam mailme f 
Ca^iaiai non, nolo MmyUa.- babes brevisalmi. 
QuidrespotidesP Mm. Me esse infielicem ; Vale. 160 

Bn. Non, non ; mania sis mod6 ; Volo, Inquarn, Volo 
O Mmylia. (ua sum, toe oe eommendo fidd. 

Mm. Et ego Bmivmiaa tuua ; prm Isetiiit, ita me di) 

Apud me non si 

L, sed 


adsunt aifaltri 

Sana Tertia. 

CalHfhauiii, Mglt, Btumisia, Mmflio. 

CaL Beasti me ; hoc dlcto rcddidisli animum. 
Nee hominum, nee deorum iram terondi sestlmo, 
B»cowiiiia,~Mmylia,—U-«xv.iD vtlam adepti tmnus. 

Mm, Quid soror > tune CaUi f iimtm amas ? 

j^. Mcnpsam mlaoi. 169 

Bm, Proslrliadhucsnmns; qnid PatiJreapondeUmus? 

Cal. Ha! PatriPquButidelsstiilAquamsuUt6deckU? 
Nuliamiw lacese possnmm in nuptils Ml»d«m 
Mmfiior Mm. Non minor mea hic res agilur, quam 



MedidM, Lcflaqai Profenoro, ft Doctora ' 


DobiiKfngmi? jSm. DU tvorttal biml 

ano te nnqiMiin nlil mon oipict ralbi, >l 

Vcru ene cratUl Paler, u nc riot unun. 
Nan ^/A liwm tIomd cum CalUpttamt BMU Cubet. 
Diurnk sjiu uxor rii ipu In >liqoad wnpoib 
Nun fdite in lUebBi paiicli aUud n sobii disct. 
AmoUminl hlnc voa proper^, il OBttlliaa ftorinl 
£■. Nnlhoa Tidi meliiu. Cai. Abcamiu jS^t. 


Sana Quarta. 

Gmomitnt. Gtlaiimai, tfmam, Atadtmittii I4tm*itu. 
On. Ad caltiRtnun, ad dlhadiwri oct^i, n&m adest 

TilubmigiK pede pd. doudique VIro Vir. 

/Ita. Tune a MagiOir Siimlml 190 

Afyr. Hel I Magistcr I nemo homo 
Me quseii) utpiam ; hii veitlbus Dlmlnin laleo. 

Aca. Profeuor jocornm AcaitmUui proxiDM Het>- 
donude )oeaiiini'n pnbllo^ 
lUque hue me midt mlutem at vobii dtcencn. 
Oponqne in hoc n expediril. k ooniilhm valnun. 
Idnique hoc munoi Eqnl bonlque nt cooMik.tis o btu al. 

Git. Pecimiam ab Ulo ? Dll melhit ; loaii ttmXa esl, 

A{. Eo accipiai magls. nan fnUrea matuh noa. 

Ciu. Qnanqium te locator Frater annnm Jam via in 
hoc tempnt colllgwwin, IdqtM Aeadnall, abundaic 
oportet pmzpiii initltutisqae hnjui anl* propter warn- 
mum (t Doctorji (uI IngeBlom ACoOegX, tamenadbasc 
rem , ddi (ut videmur) magnan tlbl omohun^tmB affix-- 
onm, atqae hoc rahitl In tnmdlo ; aepioMuU raciuni 

dl. Pm re iilh&c reia prKrortam notlaiD, 
Sed ecquM Ipse [edt lalea? Aca, CoUeeit atiquos ; 
Sed fecit ipse adhuc, quod sciam ego, paudulmos. 
Fortt an duoi tresve demi Jocos. 

Gtl. AtoHon, potrlge uhedul 

Illam mihl joe 

m Trlpodalium : nam in Anglia palria 

loconun Profeuoii Tripodh nomen pooinnu. Hon tibl ! 

Aia. An iMl conclnikt, In Qtucstionem ^tu mdenl? 

Ctl. ^qoi herdt condnnilnQiueMiiiDcanijui. atque 
in nllam allam. 
Hoc habeat propt hi exordil loco, dein QuKitio autem 
Scqnatur i knelnqiKi, evocabit nios ipu Tenoicoa, 
Aique si recuient inped), Inviio) trahai wciim aiqiie in- 

Vli noD rarb factum vidimus. Hcec ilaque est lalulalio 
AudiKvum orontoiD, uln obiter deridendu pmbet 

Ahaque hoc nuDqnam qtuiqnam r*"'*"" obi reppent. 

^3n llJKiie DDanu HU OWBVJ uumnr pic v^^BCDfS 
Agitur drdter boc losporia. Acad. laaab r^rb boA^ 
Gtl. Ha, ha, bK t Tab Po«lam lafcftnBUam i ~ 

Acdpe rii banc ■'•''*'*"'"" ; icrlptuni ok 
Qnod Mt&ckt laigltCT ad deri<leadua ( 

Ata. Dii Ubl dait ipm vdit, beoi raleas. 

Gtt. St I andin' etiun ? 
Tribui TCTfcJi te *olo ; JMam Fabulam Ludoa farirt vjo 
Tabula (iowUeitiB' ?} Ludu didmr. j^ la dimino. 

Vale. Srif Atm. 

Sema Quimla. 

^mflu {mlit trmahi) Futai. Cam. Gti 

Gtl. Sathi' ego ocolf* ntUftMen obliDeo, ai 

Adipol Virgo ronii e ~ ~ 

Sempo- ego bceiiai amavi mnhom, ft nntrii raibl 
DIoere fbUta eH : AU, abi, tu Wtalb lii memo, a^o 
Ita pmts statem tuam ingenion es nimimn. 
El ego pol ridebam : ridea? isqoUilla, Diibooi t 
Vt hnjiu nanquam aoB meaJnero I 

.£h. I^ib, perge ad rem. 

Pt. Quam iBipe IB nihill olioit hETcat in mOMria ? 
O Diana I quam loibl tunc dlerum pro dboiiiitjocaiio'? 
Sscpi ad focum domi otaedimiu ; ego n&iniE *■*-■'« 
Feslivt mulu dlcere, omnei in cachbuuM aolvere. 
Nulla (licet ipaa dkam) rrinumm anhnn magi' prioc^a 

Sed nbi en Magiaus i 'Men vdkni iUbIo, 950 

Nam communicsbimui inter DMnnt hTl'ri ioTkan, 
Opem mean) (hUIj ido) noD babebit daapicatnL 

Cm. Coram, queis qnrritis, adaua 
Trojui jEntas, neceue habeo novam de h>c re KStea 

Pi. O Huns I itudnistl arti Mnsun : IDada inrgilia 
.\ccepisli miitunm, immo ego poHas l^L 
Sic sum, nOD tantum verhis did potest 
Quantum re Ipsa vemu amo, ft foci >ant 
Mediocica. 96a 

Gn. MedJocribus eMe poCti* 

oDii, E 



G*l. Ob I oh 1 oh J Incanuvlt me aliqoii : quod ego 

Mtr. Ha, h>, Iw I pukhwriiai I >l Draatiu essem ex 
nds ilmtlbaB 
Sic nUnim vttgtneta ; nam deperiret laum bdem. 
Mm. Tun' toliu blc rq^um poulda? ubi, si placet, 
i«teri? STo 

<3k Si I a^laiimt. 

Gtl. Uaiimt— P«Jlet Luna. & se vlcum confilMui^- 
Stalim vobU ndEni ncE tairxt bom ! btboc OOD 

Ceddmint plana ridera. C 

EffluxHiitfE^JoOu? Gno. Hem, MmW, Qbi c 
Mer. Sl q[o non adium. 
jBm. Ha, ha, tta, an se pra a eM pmaentan 
NM justo tibl. Morion, non creilcmu. 

iVur. Per Deoi non adiura. 
Vl cut dehid homina I Dli Mc me esie doc 
Gm. An JAriffnatra biU percrtn'M P id e>(, ai 
Cemoa' iUnrn eduoere ex tniidiia, ut lepldi loquar? 
Morn*, Klesto. (fiiuiV) 

Mm. Ha, ha [ m lUt I reclamanle Pbllosophla 
Negarem hnnc e«e nulonalem, niii quUt ilsibilem video. 

Gn. Humaniim en cimrc : onu profecto hospci. 
Nam omoli homo est raliotiaUs, ut acutisaime observat 
Pi. Nolite, obaecro, detidere, per pol quuD modeUiu 

Mar. Ue laudat. 

Gtt. Eu|e t jam habeo. 390 

Mtr. Hetdt attdactfa alloqaar. 
Sain tu, O cii|ai-eenli rone invideiK. A pudore rubes- 
cunl solo. 
G*l. O auutiKim I qiue mea en Oratio, occnpal pne- 
Vt perdidlt mlhl lex Joeoa, ft trei amalorias senlenlSas I 
Car. Perga Mtriau. 
Mtr. PcTf^ tu, sl vis, ego dlxi satis. 
CiK>. Adeadnm Gtbaimi. Hie est Jocator iUe, Cu! 
re Into finst prscordia Titan, 

: ad te hue veoimuE 
•a banc mihl Laudem 

rnnl moiit. 

Ha. ba t optlmt kxjuor sempei de Improriso, 
Quod tlxnum eat booi iDKenil, procul dubidhsec mea'H, 
Obiecro, quMoam e*t hvc virgo ? 

Mm. Faetlone uunma, & divltiis pollens. 
BomieriematUdi! filla'st stjenuisslmi ducis. 

Gtt. 'S\iB\ri vaaV ■ari'ii Kg<3 isxxaa Btmiardtmackidtiii. 
(Hie ilium derideo) led tamen tanto meliu'sl. 

.r£]>i. Bcquls homo tantum stultitiEe in sepossedil us- 
piain. 3to 

Quid si obleclem me cum istis? placet, beus I audilin'? 
Quonkm n>smel magnificalis itil de Islii anibus, 
Dabo equidem spon^ouem, me vol uDoni singulos 
Redacninun modo jods meis ad uleulium. 
Agfle soltis, experiamar in hanc partem quis plos 

Pi. Vide quid agas prius. Ego ab hujus parte stabo. 

Gtl. A mea : nescio unde hoc sit, muHo sum bealior 
Quam ru^ua liomiaum, qucecuuque vocem audlunl, 
CooUnuo me amanl perditi. O superi I gratias ago, 
Multum de me meruistts ; Heus, audacule, 330 

Quoniam iti vis vita Intertici, ascende hanc sellulani, 
Opponam ego primus f sed miserei me tui. 

Afrr. Beui herclt tacii : q^ obsecuDdabo tibi in loco, 
Abi, audacule, abi lu TullianunL 

Mm. Eslo tu Moderator. 

Gob. Agonoibeta era. ivd roO iyiit & rtfiitu, nam sic 
docti vocanl. Tu oppones Mtriim 

Mar. Recti, rccedam paululum 
£t confutationem Orationls ejus medllabor mecum. 330 

Gn, Antequam illam nosti t 

Mar. Nosti ? nemo non poteat 
Conliilare imn cimi noverit, ax> singularis cgfi. 

Pi, Discrucior animi, qnod mos non patilur, 
Dtoputive fnminas poblici : vellem bus Of^Mnenlei 

Giro. Aseendat locator. 

Proditum est memoria: aotiqaas Phllosophos post 
multos labons sese recreare solllos fuisse. Agile Igitur, 
hilnrem hunc smnamus diem, nam srcus nimium inlenlui 
dt6 fiangltur ; habent sua Ludicru Musoe ; & Apollo 
Musarura Parens, allquando tatet, aliquando patet. Tu 
vero Spanam quam nactiu es, hanc orua, ul non minus,. 
ant etiam plus modestia tua, quam ingenium appareat. 
CaT« t Majoribus, nam ingenium non fereni, & observa 
semper cum PoSta, Parcere personis, dicere de vitiis. 

Mm. Oratlonem tuani 

Gn. Nolo pad Islam impudentiaro, conferas te ad pro- 
vlndam tuam. 

Mwt. Sapienler quldem fads, quod Oialioncm tuam 

Gn. Authoritale mlbl ab Apolline comrolssa, Jubeo te 

Ps. tla, ha, luel utinam blamlhi aulboiltas commll- 
teretur ab Apolline. 350 

Mm. Non dalnr ars jocandi Indpiam k Postraino 

Tennino locandi, qui est Terminut Hillaiii. Anem 
otnitlo. qoia mos est tta ^u:ere. 

Dalur est verbum : nam nunc dierum Res talis non est, 
qusedan) dicrintur daii propria ft simpUdter, sed hic sen- 
sus veibi jam antiquatus est : alij vera improprie ft secun- 
dum quid, ut GnUUu in Academia, ft in CoU^iis 




Gn. Omitte Obd Ttfbain : sdmni qnld *dit. 
jEm. Sed, M OTMii In hmc re, dicam mbii. quid 
dandum lil. quid non. pcioiiup oninlnm dabilii mlhl 

Venuiu. Dibltli AuUco norm juramgnw. nun fregil 
omnia vctm. Ad czlum culm in at cosiUI qnkkm, 
quii audi! pauco* lllk cscc tooiorei Jt lulore* TCKistlo*, 
idque nunquam oimvit in lota vita, tanlum aliqnando 
dixit Deo, ae eloi Mrnun cue ter humlUJmBni. E4 
tamen odit Dlabolnm, quia Cornatui ett. edqnc ilmilior 
llliui Cirdilorum Civium. Secundo Dabiiii PuriMni* 
verba ; jam cDiniilUiillenthimindidliir, alquandoantem 
privatim prsdiceni, dabltli aurei reitrai ; nam wai 
amisernnl. DaUtii Academid*- 

Gm. Nolo iilud did ; dc qtuM riderc hk <^iafnJl, 
Enibocant aliqul : latlifediti offido luo. 
Rapooderc tibl vcUem, led neminBD In loco oico 
Ritrl unum novl, qui reipoiidlt nngii hujuace iBodl. 
Auxndal Opponent primui : DiipuUltDoem in aUnm 
Diflernmui diem, nunc Jam reapoodeai lanlum Imvllet. 
Age ; Sparlun, quam naclus es, hanc orna. 

Gd. Fadam, lednumenijocoimeoi.dumrclpondeain. 

Gm. Panperii eat nDnurare pecua. Numera hoc Gtl- 

jBm. Si in cam paitem peccai, tadU te pnrfecto con- 
Sad mihi crede, EtoctiuJme Hodenlor, adhAc ab hac 
culpa liber a. 
Gn. Doclisnmum me vocat ; noa latcrfidan ilium 

Gil. Quonisjn dandl ngulas nobii dedlttl. Ibj unui 

Ea magDui jocut. 
>ffjH. Tun macniu bercU st vldoi ntrpifl, 
Gd. Piihl aiinanludoni reduplicationeroODaie? 
Gn, Em colt dimidk pan jod. 390 

/em. Ob I iUe, fortairi cndidlt. 

Gel. DiJ, Deaque. Superi. Inftti 
Pesiimii ate eiemplis penlaint. nitl dicmras id enm. 
Numera Gnomici pro meo, Eripnil eum ex aldmo meo. 

jEm. Rectam herein ionaa vlam, jngenioou Bl fiai, 
Si furaiii. ego que dico. Pi. Summi eat incenL 
Sic hcere, nam tuo Jam te Jupilat giadio, 
Ibl ego etiom : pudet tank ne mulam aure 399 
Inter tot jocBDies. GiL Scd repetamur & divenicnlo : 
I^cani ergo tibl, quid dedit mihi rex Macidenteia 

Mm. Quinpeiglir Gil. Quifc jam te oportat dkere. 
Quid dedIt tibi ? pecuniam 7 jSm. Quid ^ naUm diceit ? 
Tun' me cogei? 

Gd. Non, led nisi delurAnta, quii potest joauier? 

/Em. Bent d ma raas, dkam, ne omnino coram bnc 

«AS. Gil. ElcxoB 
1, non, non. Tergum veI ptenas d( 
Ibi duo )od Gitamitt. Sed otato' boo 

DUMlArteBiJocsiidlMn^fi. FalnailMai 

Rei Infenlou, aed 10 ingenkMa dalnr ; Mm 
Crede milii na eat iBcenloaB Dare. 
yEm. Caru'it hk >ocu^ nam bribua ab hia 
onatorem nam 
tVt oepi Bt] per to( drmloa ilium qi 
Walll In hunc plaat modamad ni 
ApArejMBDdi, Apdatnr, i^ Ret, Ap in 
Crede mibi rea a" ' 

Iteitm C 

Em ft eleganaqi 

Qiue addldlHl ds PoriiMdh iMactk p 

Quonlam bnltatw «i iDb qua bodit tn 

Cum Uloa in Nona Ai«lkm kt JimU a 

DlxlMl pona aUqidd de mari PbOanphko? 

Mm. Quid P de man Philoaophlco? 
At Itlud ego adhue ne prfmoilbua qmdon WAa attl(L 
Sed at animum induxiitl deridere Mare IVkaopUem, 
Indnlgebo tibl haac venianL 

Mar, Non ? tnm bac tua enlim'd GtUtimt. 
Annon dlcebaa, quod nunquam qniaquam "— ftll Uan 
PbibMophicum ? 

Om. Ha, ha, hv I 

iter. Ecquld me ridenl ? Gn. Pose Utrian. 

htor. Pergat qui ruU. si ridetia : ego mlirfui oAdo 
nwo. 4s» 

Gna, Vol itaqne eum meritii omnei dimhto la 
Et Vltula tu di^ui & hie Aieadaa ambo 
Et cantare pares, ft respondere pantl. 

Fm. Deui bone ! quam p< ' ' ' 
Ego vo):diaim ipaa dliputabo tke lariilBM 



Doctlidine Uodenlcv vale, dU tibi dent qiuB cxpetk. 

Gnt. Et louKUin fbrmom vak, nlo ioquU lolo. 

A. Tu GtlaHmt, sequere me sis domum, nam de arte 
istbac en tibi 
Quod lola soli dicaiB. 4G0 

Ccf. BeatDS mm ! libeater Mqnor. 
Qiunluni diis magnli debeo, quod me lam lepidum lece- 

Ps. temylit. i pne. pMi, omitte 

Mtr. Ego iUas comitabor, aade mm joc&iiu hodli 

Cm, AI e^ iatbt me redpiani, beat bodM fedmiu. 

lie domum Mlone, vesH Heap<nu, ite Capillc. Siit. 


Sixna J^'ma, 
jCmjiiia, DitM. 

^.m. Pro certon' habes adveolsse Pefypaivm t 

Din. Siquidem quod Tidi ccrtum'M. 
NW &ltiuil acalL 

jCm. Minim est oi fallaat aliquando. il linl mi. 
Nam tu tDtDs, qiUDtus quastus, niliit nisi astatia es. 
Sed, Dt placet, ubi ridistl ? ecquid jdooeus visus't. 
Ex quo atxEntnm ciuUmuaPha I aumquidetttractaUUl? 
Vtinam accefduel literu. 

Din. Accepit jam m porta. 
Et largni lacTTmanim hue properaU 10 

Mm. Qut inud noilir 

Din. Vt vidi. susjieiuo grada Ibam, adslabun, com- 
prhnetiam animam, 
Atqne ub) cepi unimnTi attendexe, samonem boc captari 

Profn In Bemtardvuuuhidtm induas, 1 

jBm. At mOiti dana raddidi. 
Din. Pish I Kxcenue sunt causes quamobrem itlai 
posris lepetere, 
AU modo : ted enim aptirii quid fodemus? abnmt 

I dicam Potjtpera tempus uunc noa esse, ut 

Ctos *idnt, » 

Et jnbebo cms rtdeat : Satin' poHta sunt hsec con^lla ? 

O fbrs fonuna qoam secundis rebus banc mibi onerasti 

Sana Seeunda. 

Gtbuimta, Pitcai, Mtrian, 
Pi. Viden' erp) qoam poGiliabnl omnc* 

Nam me fn oiorem multi « 

Quoi demiii, quifc iodocti 

Gtl. Dii me bdonl quod volunt, Dili mu 
De poUeniia tua (nam & ipse Id mea patria 
Sat divei ft fitctiosos sum) quam quod bie nuptisB 
IifagiKi liitane sint lotlui orbii comoiodo. 
Namqoe ex te nostro quisquii Bucipitnr lanioe 
Stiia se dictis immcKtali aSciel gloria, 
Fietqne Impoator jocomm optimus maximus. 

Pi. Cupio equidem E*o(!lam parere. 

Gtl. HeaGdeparie*. - 
Nam vaglebam ego metrlc6, ft ia laetii loco 
Helkouli aquam nxf, turn aiitem iD PaiDauo iild 

Nulla m 

n bdli Mlocna fltnmt, 40 

lut salTTi, Dam festlirlisimi 
(Vt nosti) deripere bomioei >61«o. 

Pi. O Mums omaei I 
Quam undiquaque MBlcDtiU tuii intemlsoei bcellM t 
Gil. Ha, ha, lue, aoimadTcrtinlD' 7 at pepod ego 

De lllis, at eiperinr, qIhud tul 
Pt. Ab I Duaqnam Palrii In 
'HiJ caoia, nisi intelligerem probi iDgeo: 

Et Did ow amet nratno, aheal tani Id tocom 51 

]d aarcen quod TDlUamim appdlatur. 

Gtl, Abcatnoi. ntetk Sappbo, 
Vt 4 sacctdote aliqno celebtetor Dobit malrimcmiDB, 
MeritM, abi tu doBiim. 

Mbt. Ne roe oontemptim conteres ; 
Tam ego diiputabam hodii, quam tu publldtlit. 
Et GonfutBTf hominem. Ps. Exeroplis pesriod* 

Ludificator istum fnitlcem dIsi bine pioperi am>k|. 
Oh superas I acddl, moctua sum I Palo- hfic Tcoit, do* 
qiueiitana, ^ 

Et stricto gladio neeem hic mil 

Miir. ^, ob, HOD possum 1 

Nimlo Dimli teoi eM, jocail m 

Gtl Tam mortni hercU nima 
Ibl ileriiiD, vellm, DoUm. hod n 
Nullumne hio latibulum est P 

3ter. Ob t quKSo ostendas aliquod, 
In Ipso foiBmlDe'Acoi nunc )Bm jacere potenm, 
" n ? Dam maris instar Qplimt 

ecnm oolnlt modd. 
s, qui. mare es 
■pdmo me, quin joeer. 

Gtl. Non, DOB, falsos et Mma», 
Nam tDnc euderei latebras tnaa. Vt Dliim derideo 
Hoc lanto In poteulo ! 

Pi. Hei laibl I est intus dolium 

Vt CMUoDit giadum I ut ocull Tircnt Iracondia 1 

IWc si Tli temet occultare. 

iiar. Dolium 7 cedo sis, bona temloa : 
Nonqnam me pudebit 4 Diogens eiemplnm lumcre. 
Vtinam esset [denum, evacuarem mihl quam dtisiim^. 

Pi. Seqnere me, tiU rooi pre«pfotam Gtlannu. fa 
{RttunJ Ptaai, itarim) 



I UU dabo; « mibl Ru Uaoedool- 

Oh I jam venit, ido ; Jaccbo htc, qoari e 

NiAi lalUin conen flUniii mcum. (nii 


Pi. Ha, ha, be I Gtl. Oti I ack*l I 

/y Gttaam; (urge, Be mMuai waloD 

Uf/. Pnitecto, BfmtarJtmacliida, t 


H Gtbuimt. 

Quln effed iulnper Iambi ut incedani pede. 
A. O Venni 1 ludoi Iqrickit. Adipioeadn 

Paler Don adnt 
Ctt. OmeaS^phoI uU cil paler tam? obtecro an 

Pi. Neque venlunu eit. ex compotila hoc fed adco, 
Vt DObb line Hotionc arbim fierent nupilK. 
Gil. Hal idohocequidFa^ AegoeUampe-indoMri- 
Mi ( Surgiri 
DiMimulaTf quail euem limldn* — aed, nninnaiD In 


AnDondiuimnlabaoilepldc? oent aUquld audio 

Non venH ipcro. Pi. Ne tima : Kd feftiaalo opa'tt, 

Ne taod^ farxmaac ledo Doa paler opprimat. loi 

Gtl. Vera didi ; properemu* nea Mma. mea Vnuiia. 

Vt te amo mea Poljrhimne, 

Sana Tertia. 
jtmylia {emahi miliiii] Dtmim, Pglyfervs. 
yCiH. InlroDiiiUtur ilao ; foe paieat Janua ; 
Po^. Tun' iUe ti Hilei, arte tam Intlgnii dudUca? 
j£n. Periphnuin nnun oomiuli didi meL 
Pit. SI ii el, fillum manu cepliti meum. 
,£■■, SI GUum cepi luum, captivo Pater ea imo. 
Pol. Hue jtique ea gnilia hue venl Ubi, 
IllonuD utl pro capilibui pecuniam duim, no 

Oro igilUT me abiolvm, qoampruiibai poteil*, 
Nee mora In te lit ilta, quln pteliutn auTecai. 
Cupio videre Ipaoi : & ciHiiptocti miaeroa, 
Tam Pater capto lum, quam dudam (ui libero. 

jBm. Nunc allqui me expectant regei ; cna redeai 

/W. Cn* Ulud, Paul aUum qunvntl anBoi eM. 
Bom, Ocuilsne daves obviam Ganl lali ? {'■'■'') 

Col. P. Nisi jam tepariaol, efiiogantur foribui catdi- 
DCt, {/NM 

Ne moia EiorcbUe objecta sll, can bAc advmtdt. 

Bam. Edlco jam none Ibribus boUom md), lao 

PoathKc ui [stum timeaDt, effldam, pedcm. 

(Baw^ricm. framgU/cni) 
^m. Ocdciulm *uma«, Diaon; Hen* I qui) eat ad 

Sctna Quarta. 

BtmiariimaikUa, CaJUftamti, P. .-Brntyiar. 
Dinam, Pofyftna, stnii Bmianl. 
Bam. Oh I ipectra oc 
Imaiofallax? non pi 

PtI, Qujenam b«c ddramenia f n 

Din. HsUi f tram, liram, rifawrA re, Boz^irf 

^m. Mpuni ipBJtBrraK&iair ilatftra ^itlut yefirrmr. 

Pill. Quicquid tit, anl hi homisa iniaoiuiii validtf, 
Aut allquid moiulri tubetti qua ta^eir insistam via ? 

Bom. Oh I quioo bone DawHm ne accedas adea, ob ! 

Peiyf. Men' times rero ? tun hama >um quam tn. 141 
Bombardcmackidtwt hic quacro. 

Bom. Men' qiisrii 7 obiecro : 
Recedaii tecum nihil oegotl est mihi. Oh ! qiuKM. 

Din. noXU r Imrra «((twts. 

^m. rifofTin, U^udr' JfXtfo*. 

CiU. p. Oh i metoo mali oe me penequaiilur Dk- 

Qalti ad nuptias Injuslitla mea co(!gi fihum. 

Air. HaJlem In media ade, qoam hic me stare lod. 
Vtinam (quid Tadam 7) utiruun essem jam none mor- 

Sad motl non poiium, 150 

Pa/, Procuidubio iMud soraDium en. 
Iliresheec me duMum dal, ut quissim, aul utu, DesdooL 

Bom. Claudam bercU oculos, videre non nulineo. 

Din. Occldam, ]a(Blaba, Intertdam. capiam, raplam, 

Bom. Immo non limeo. Tideo profecto nihiL 
Cat. P. Nihil ? oecus ea BotUarJmmatkida t acdpe 
tis speculaHa. {Bemtard. wtamui tx- 

tSm, TUKii^\i«peu AiUtfrrt. ttmiau/trU tiaram 
Bom. Oh I ^mjlianij daidl\ 

<£«. O DiMOH acta res est : emergl hlnc non potat I 
Boat, SermnK noster ? fadniu indignum t gnre 1 160 

Iu|Nler, ODul parte Ttolenlum Inlooa. 

loculare flammai, lumen ereptum polo 

Cal. P, Prob Deoi I slodn' la ■ 

tizcd by Google 



Cat. P. Non i 

n potnll, tlmni nIhU. 
compos tnlmi, jta ioc 

Itane iNud paters BamiardirmaeMt/a f oedde eos. 

Bpm. De fiDE pens loquaris, ego pecaam volo. : 
Aidao furore : um dla cor innocena 
Hos Tenor inlet ? KNa jam ante ooilM mcM 
Imago oedii ttnt. 

Dim. O I dii te paOanuBaiyliB. 

<£•■. QuiD, quod femndum at reramui seqao anin 
Video QMi Ucele quicqiuun jam perteodere. 

Pol, Fnutntioues eao Istu mliari uUi seqiieo. 
Meus ; esloe milea Hlc, Bemianhwiaciiiia t 

Bom. Men' txgo netds? J 

Pal. Quae te mala oui aglut anion? bem Lillerai 

Qnaa In portn aecepi dmmU. 

£iwi. Hal Dox AnRJaroEmucjIi^ f 

iSmjlio icrlpsit tstud : O ingena aeehia 1 
Incenoa, atrox, Dunte doq aaiu fatir 
Partes in omDea : unde me ulciad qneam 7 

{ftrierat Dimoium 6r tpu iariati arripil.) 

Din, Oh 1 obaecro te. 

Pol. O Dii boni I quid ^o video 7 Dinooem lorruni ? 
Hemi CiKoH / quid bie agia ? abl filiui men'sl ? 190 

An. ^n/fiir, quid bdain in hia BDguillia ? confitdx>r 

Aniculatlm te eooddll hlc aarnii tana 
Qiunlnm adhfic lideo ; bio oonfileaotur omnia, 
Heua Loraril 1 qois intua eat 7 Loraiil Inquam I 

Pol. InuDO depodta veMe >e Tcrberlbus hnplcant 
Donee omaia ot exquiatriiinia, ut lubiiam'at nobli. 

&>M. Locutua ea, non mali, fiet modo. 
Adene Mni, Dominul hoc Tester Jidiet. (Ingrtd. L^arii) 

Mat. Sttenuom me pnebebo bomlnem ; acapularnm 

Moriemur, sat ado ; 
In lacro depuiabo ei 
Flagella be dnt nobis in promplu duo. 

\fiiil unmi, Sf rtdil nnRjUgtllis.) 
Cal. P. Interei quod eat lempoils, tu deme mis di- 

is vetuloa babetia luditeio 7 
(fonml difMd.) 
jCm. Aliud ctira, Ounnldt ; non possom ^o boc ex- 
nele I {ad lomHum) 

Vapalare hercU nolo ia geaerosis raeu veatibiu, 310 
Sdo ego, qoid a\lL vaptilare. 

Dim. O mirun rem I adeniia tatia, dicenda eM airia 
liberalii. Satin' ^mytic fortlter 7 

5dm. RidelU 7 at moi flumcn ex oculis cadet. 

Cal. P. Hem I da SageUa illis in tnanui ocyus. 
Nisi pseaaa de le strenui sumant [niictei. 
Quaal incudem »edaa illoi ; ac pugnis oneres. 

Age, indtriamua mea Commoditas. 
jSwi. Me* opponunltas indpiamua. 
Din. Tu ndwlo majot ea, tibi herein locum cedo. 990 
Cal. P. Ludunt berdi; heua Lorarii, bdte at pogni 

In malla btereant. 

I ; nil opera opua Ina 

(ad la 


Annon DilUm tatli Idoneua vlsu'i 
Dim. Hem dU, mi Alter idem 1 
/£■!, Mew bonua Geniua 1 [St victim Jlagtllaiit) 
Din. Mena Pilades t Mm. Oroalet mena I 
Bom. Hac Terbetnndl mihi tU methodui placet. 

Tam ahnllia eat bello. Cal. P. Fadstia piobi. 

Ceelate paulnhim, exquire nunc jam, quldvii. 030 

Pol. Quid Glio Enctum eat meo, cum Tuiore ^ns ft 

Dim. EmuDilmua moa mnddoc ; ft aigentum efied- 

jSm. El Testes, viden' onwtuiD Morlonls tul? 
Me multo decent magia. Pol. O fronlea hominisn t 

Dim. Dicam omnia ; anhoum adTortite, nam labuta 
Primimi omnium, appoti probi Dt obdormirent, fedmna. 

jEm. Delo veates Morionis pannia conmutavl meli. 

Dim. Ddn, quaal captivoa. In vindis hlc babuimna. 

jEm. Dein Scripslmua Epiitolam, I 

Dim. Dein speclria Sctia AumAir 

Bom. VfOO-i vana ut ipectra tloioem 1 
Adesae vd Jam Dtemonsm turbam velim. 
Pol. O ImpudentiamI ~ 

tatkidtm pettana. 

quid ego de Tobla 

y£iii. Ha.hal homo suavia ! nos ut parceremua tIbi 7 
Cum bardum genuiati, sapientium id leciiti gratia. 
Slultoa est Commune Bonum. 

Cal. P. Obatupeaco I iia hnc res mira'st. 

Dim. Immo nihil jam celabo, nolo, jEmylio, 
Ex istU tBchnia tltd meliua alt, quam mihi. 

Eiicomiua jSm. DiHom / 6 scdeatiun oqiot I [JIa- 

gtllal) ago 

Bom. Mutliren' andes 7 place all mulua magla. 

Dim. jSmylioHi nupait hodi^, ft Dii Tortant fcBtidta. 

Bom. Quid tangit aurem 7 ferte me inaanae procnl, 
Illo procells feile. quo fertur dies 
Hinc rapnia, 0, qub GUam oatendet mihi i 
Looglnqua, clauia, abatruM, direra, Invla 
Emetiemur, nuUus obsl^it locoa. [Exit Bomiard.) 

jKm. Nunc demtun peril aolldi, hoc durum in corde 

Qnod md gratia, Kueomiaa pejua erii. 



Pneurqwun, quod carendiuD vA ill>, all adhbc dotro. 

Col. P. Si rael mca, omnem de ilU anhnum *At 
Eiioeron Patrii, ft aliaiamn mUenun k fiunflla. 

Si fiUu meiu wA huoE loodnm sed aoavidl. MM li 

cnperet muinrf. 
CmptMic comllil Oil poMet. qoin olbcetem priui. 

Dim. Immo tUe proculdiibio hli Daiili ncuoi'it. 
NttaQ la ae CO^MC wi()iiBm oommliit, Tmnlom. 
PnetCT impaiBm ttmrn, & pnetcrquun juiiistl iMhilo, 
Mglm bodK dudL To/. P. /fi'.fin f noo poteM fteri. 
Noo, iKHi, BOO andM : qaioquld lil. videbo Timen. 
Si nsnm cm, tutlni com uiore qtutketnr Ibru. Sxil. 

iKm. Qutcnnqneiii, peregrine, nok) precator mihl 971 
Onue M tin, duu mdvcmu intm: obfiimaTl mala, 
Sed Di pacoD Bueemium condliam ab ^ui Pane 
Id oto, atque cbucro^: age. Md panini de t* iDcnieriDi, 
Popularii raiu miD. Pal. Mnu? 

jSm. SiqnM em tt Anglui patria. 

Pal. Qu) btod bctiun eM, bic 

/Cr. Fortdnai ndJpol viUo, oam profnatui patre 
Mcrcatore mm dtllnlrno. led lic (en tnlil 
Cum lorore »hnul parrula bic at me c^mtm parvnlum. 

Pal. Heimlbii ati 

jSm. Quid laaymai obwax> ? Mad me dccol nugls. 

Pfl. Qaik miieria* mihi ucaa boc dkto to memoiiam 
Nam flilotamego MJam cum fratre nni perdldl. 
Vbi uptl estli ? 

jCm. In nan, nun in Hiipaniaro tT«astii«ll Paler 
Mercatoivi opeiam dam, ac rei iludenL 

Ptl. Quodnam oU navi lifniim ? 

vSm. CaitoT & Polhu. 

P»l. Dli bonl, quo nufii (puero, e 

Si eil, ut hmc mihi rea bii 

Qnol annii abhinc f 

/Bm. Menie pnnlmo emnl tx 

Pal. Dii mcmrt ex re pcnlila senaturo mlunl. 
Si inliKc vera loBl. non dubito quln lii meui. 
It Miles, ille me ceniorem Etdet. 


&Ma Quinta. 

t. Cal. P. Cal. F. Biuomissa, ^CfU. 
Cat. F. Quin cal, flaghium liominii, aum uon ttive- 

Paxo, ii viiB mibi nipcict, iitiiu obnlurabere. 

^g. Obaeoro proline tmtix. ud qood (e babel maM, 
In me tolum CTOouu, cum lUo inndo in gradam redou, 
Hca Omni* culpa est; Ille abs te innoihu, 300 

Pec Deoi mea est. 

Cal. P. Noo, non, eate illl cradai Ptxa, 
Tuam in me iram dnnaii mnllo nquiu'it. 
Handitiii inam meis cooled iDTJtam in nnpdaa 

Pal. Acoonunoda mibi mild paololum aorei (uai, 
t4i*l Bt moleatum. 

Bam. Vrunlur in. fibrse, * exardeljecur, 

Vrantor inqnan, toqncK al qiMrta u 
£a. O Martial hniKxrf in D 

Vereor ne eodem fiara (Mob quo die 1 
Mm. Habe eaodo bonnm ai 

• Vha. tHA ml 




Ne alia nnquaai Kgritndo coDtamiBaret llhid gandiua 

Sed meliore in loco, ditagralias, ipaiitaeM oea. 

Pel. Immo omneni niU rem expHcatam dedini p-i--*" 
Iniperate File. adte. 3 

Com bk le taut^am ; quam mperat m&i 
Alque abuBdal iKtttIa pecnu I uU sorar toa m ? 

Mm. Eeeamtpaam, mi pater duriutmetameohati 

Hie mibi diei obtnUl I Pal. lam, Tirgo mea ci. 
Ha, ha I lilinm A fibam ? ha, ha I lacrrmo gaadia. 
Et tarn litKralito' educalos I qnli me telidor } 
Age Uilei, fiue te lubentem lUiae nuptila 

Bfm. Nil jam negabo, enncta Qoncedo, seoex, 
QuoniiDique natam dnxh, m ducal toIo. 

j£m. Audln' gj u w M jM f tternm mihi Mttu ti^or. 

Em. Et ^0 iteram nupla ; 6 mi ySmjIie. 331 

Cal. p. Quam ma mibi hie lennone arrexit aores I 
Fill, quoniam islam virginon uun mlmt depeiis, 
Difficuhai a me non erit. qnin pro luoR habeas. 

Cal. f. Reroi mibi pater es, ft diii ^idi pradmiis. 

Din. Tot inter gaiidfa. nl vldHi, vqiiikndam en 
yEmylia, volo U 

Hea profecio opera hiec 01 

Mm. Fsenento haoo mihi opeam, locatti, Dimtm, 
Nam mecnm lemper rives, ■ii|^>editabo ago tiU som^ 

u btnuis Genius I 

Din. O mea 

Mm. Mmiiiti bercuK 
Nam vel modo. 

Din. Mmilsh bacnW. Ego vd flennn, ml Mw^Ut, 
VohqMalis tiue caiua. defemi TertMtando fierem. 

Mm. Sed obaetra, ml Paler, an Marian, meiu baler 

Pal. Nihil m 



&»M Stxta, 

Gtlaiimi, Pieeai. 

Sed qnem egO video? Gtlasinuim. araicnm itariamii 

Galaiiwu salve. Gal. O Pafyfan itim : ncads qnam 

beatw ego sum 1 
Vbt en Bamiardamiickidts t Pi. lUie ; noa vidn? 



GtL Hk noa e«t me Bwffl»riii» af i » 4w, «dqtiemme 

Pt. Ptdi. iredlD'iiietsiionnpatmiimeain.qiilliiet? 

Gii. Nod, non ; filini tnns Getaiimus, hlc BcxopopUte 
Vl libl benedicas, otmicrat, uqne at Duptlii nds. 

Bam. Ex ore quid veoil too ? Tnn' fiUni meal ? 

Gtl. Fg(taoishaciiieiiediip«r>xalD dtcB«, 
QnU jocarl lempeT Mrieo ; sed profectd loquor lofd. 360 
Detrabe Telnni, mea UuM : bem ! noitln' Gllam toam ? 

Ok. Ha, ho, hse. Ps. Imm6 OG admlreminL 
^[o nupii iitl Aikoo, ud preeceptii mdi, 
Effidam breri. ut moratiu lit tax bent. 
BtKomiaa Ealre, jam mm ejnideiD lecnm anUnlt. 
Colloqiieniiir inter noamet amlct, ft aplemni coiuIIIqid, 
Quid marilla bdundniD lit, lemre si noT' 

G*/. ■ 

K? Ob. Hb, 


Gtl. Qnld (maltnn) ridedi P nunom lilc dixl Jot»m. 
tCm. Gilatimt, da hoc etlun pngillaiibiu tni*. 37a 
0« mihi callidi nitdlttun eat qnano Nou. Feb. 

Gtl. Kolo Bc me ndeont ; ImmA, que lit Mill VOii. 

Vab 1 i5ta ingenlcaa cH, boc aofficit mitiL 
FacedtriiDi 4 me MMri Ittnd dadee t ia. 
Ubf. Oh I noD poasnm ledpere »"'"■""' : quBMO bona 



.Cm. Ha I quid hoc? Pt. Inter 1 
Ne dedl Tinain, donaba voa ploio dolio. XxiL 

Cat. p. FVnttrMfoDea ^pt tantai, A lan tnlm* ret. 

Ha I quid fit tanden ? 

Seetia SepHma. 

Pueat, MerisK im delie. 

Pt. Hon loUi Tiniun meum I 

Mar. Nod, Don, ego nan mm Tlnum. {in <bl.) Bxit. 

Hal qtwnamhicTideor rgo iterum fntna me redpiam. 

iingnd. iftrwjK.) 

Gtl. Eli, ed inqoB, Di^tiut, A Mariait, m ego te 

dcrideo I 
JW^. Videon' ego patrB mnim? 0, pater. Km' hlc 

Ego inganionia factm Kun In hii Teglonlbua. 

locari hominet doceo. Ptl. PortUw ne m« patrem n>- 

Nam toTtM mem ei, qum adbuc pv Silo nutniL 

Wtr. O I tn me non noatl fonaisii in hii veaUbiu. 390 
Ego nm [rofectd Ifaria* ; loga GtlatimMM, 
NoibkCaptirinimtu. /Wl Non, non, )«m 

Gtl. O Tatix I mini Uc profectd arenerunt bodii, 
Omnia Intat ides, lu *a4 Tutor, ft Utriem, 
Mondum omnem Jocnlarem colllgitfi nam in AngUam 

Atqne Itiic Cantatxigise istam aperii 
Emptoiei JoocTum ibi hatntant qoamplnrimt, 
Mar. RectA ; turn paler li nolis eaie, ne i 
TntoT, ego non nmi fillni Pafyfari nata U 
Ga. EDim>a4, m ait Comlctti, IMl not bomine* qiMd 

Cat. p. IntereJi ad me omnea Introha ad ptandlnm. 
rrugalitte TOB aodpiam. Ga. Condllam plaeel. 
Slqni nnnc harum rstun Spectalorel addeot 
Uim Poeta ilUi diocnm. Valete, ft plaudile. 
Clanditajamrlvos, pueri. nt prata bdbenint, 
~ quit rumpitur inTldtt. 


VaUrt bf not iHam pOtoHt prtcor. 

NanfragbiM lU urn ril ; hom mK>, 

Vt acuHainu eiitmat Gnamitiii. Vir odmiraHBi, 

.4(ti£c. a. Vltia^fvVltra. Quod/rvQald. Pafy- 
ftrt pro Fa^/pm, A. t. S. 4. Halam pre Malum. A. t. 
S. 6. Namila pn Nanule. Btt proB*. Vcn prv Noa, 
A.a.S.4.VtpnAt. W. a. £. 5. Exoacalar^ Exo^ 
enler. Vlrite pre Vilte. .4. 3. 5. a. LlnqaeDi pm 
Unqtiana. ^. 3. S. 6. Gd^ pro Cw. Old. Noo, dale, 
a. Non, non, non ipil ft Gtl. loquitur, if. ant, pro, nm. 
A. 4. S. I. Ne>ra de. A.t-S.a. Vsortapni Vaxf. 
yf. 5. £. >.Eicedeto/rt>EzEdereB. ^. 5. f . a. Dlnlm- 
nlavlt, pre dldimalavi. CMeia, que doo tout paoca, 
oodtto, m pore qate vd amlcoi, Td inleiUgcfii Leoot 
emuare pouit. [Thii noia ii reiained, but the oacrae- 
Uon* iBiTe all been made in the texL — O.] 




The Mistress e. 


Uig.lizcd by VjOOQIC 


Later editions of ' The MisUcMe ' than that of the fint (1647) contun 
a few additional poema. These will be found in their places onwards, in 
the ' Miscellanies.' The later edidoas multiply the forcible-feebleness ot 
italics prepostetouBly. Tbcir various readings — not numennis but notice- 
able—will be recorded in our Introduction (II. Critical). — G. 








Written by Mr. A. Cowley. 
— Hceret lateri kthalis orundo. 


Printed for Humfhrrf MoseUy, & arc to be 

fold at his (hop at the Princes Armes in St Pauls 

Church-yard. Asm Dom, 1647 [8".] 


.>,<«, >i<>« )+. M >t< n< Ho+i >». m >t. H. J 



A correct Copy of these verses aod (ai I am told) written by the 
^^ Anthour hinueUe, falling into raj hands, I thooe^t fit to tend it to the 
Presse ; diiefely because I heare that the laine ii like to bee done from a 
more imperfect one. It is not mylgood fortune to bee acquainted vidi 
the Authour any further then his fame (by which hee is well koowne to all 
Engtiihmen) and to that I am sure t shall doe a service by this Pubtka- 
lion : Not doubting but that, if these verses please hii Mistresse but balfe 
so well, as they will generally doe the rest [of] die world, hee will bee so 
well contented, ai to forgive at least this my boldnesse, whidi imweeds 
onely frora my Love of Him, who will game reputation, and of my Country 
which will receive delight from it I shall use no more pre&ce, nor add 
one word (besides these few lines) to the Booke; but fiiithfully and 
nakedly present it to the view, just as it came to mine, unlesae perhaps 
some Typographical! foulta get into it, which I will take care shall be as 
few as may be, and desire a pardon for them if there be any. Farewell. 




Or, SEUEKAL Copies o£ 



I' Have often wiiht to love ; whu ihall I doe? 
Me Mill the cnieD Bo; does qnre ; 
Aod I k double tuke auit bttre, 
Fbst to wooe him, and then a Mistreue too. 

Come al hit, and nrike for (hanM ; 
If thou an any Ibiog besidea a name ; 

He tfaioke Thee else no God Ma bee : 
Bnl Poeu latber Gods, who fiist cnamcA Thee. 



le bnt lovB, wfaat'ers she bee, 

Sbee CBimot leesne defbim'd to me ; 
And I would have ber leeiae to otbo* to. 

Dedn takes wings, and stnil does flj, 
It stajes not dully to enquire the wtay. 

When I'm that thing; a Lorer growne, 
I shall not Me wtfli olher's Eyes, learce with mine 01 

If she be coy, and aooine my ooble Ste, 

If her ctaUt Heart I cauiot move. 

Why ill enjoy the »ory Love, 
And make a HIstrease of my own Desire; 

Flames their most viKuroui heal doe hdd. 
And palest lisht, if conipasst round wtlh nM : 

So when sharp Whiter meanei most harme. 
The Spring Plants are by the Snow it idfe kept w 

As great In Lore, as In Religion. 

Onne ann'd with flames, for T iriU {now 
All the extremities of mighty Love. 

The eicesse of heal is but a fable ; 
Wee kiKtw the tonld Zone ii now found babhaUe. 

Among the Woods and Forests thou art found. 

There Bores and Lions llion doit tame ; 

Is not my heart a nobler game ? 
Let Venus Men ; and Beasts Diana vound. 

Thou doR the Birds thy Subjects make ; 
Thy nimble feathers doe thtdr wings o'enake : 

At every spring they diant thy praise ; 
Make me hm love like tbem, I'le sing thee better laies. 

What service can mute Fishes doe to Ttee ? 

Yet against them thy Dart prevailes, 

Pdrcing the amioiii of ihdr Soles ; 
And still thy sea-bmne Mother Uvea i' ih' Sea. 

Dost thou deny only to raee 
Tbe no great privUedge of Captivity? 

I bag or challenge hoe thy Bow ; 
Either thy pllty to mee, or else thine anger show, 

Coma ; or 11a teach the worid [o icorne that Bow ; 

lie teach them thonsanil wholsome arts. 

Both 10 resist and core thy daita. 
More then thy skittoU Orfd ere did know. 

Muiick of ligbes thou shall not beaie. 
Nor drlnke no more on wretclicd Lover's Tetue : 

Nay, nnlesse toone thou woundest mee. 
My Verses shall not <mly wound, hut mnrtber Tliee. 


'■ The Light'oiug did through my bone* and marrow 

A poyoied palne pierc't deep my heart ; 
A twUt cold tremUing sdi'd on every part ; 
My head tum'd round, nor could it beare 
TtM VtifVM Ibu was «nter'd therft 





So ft datrortng Aagrifi tratb 

Tom Pdthan, or Any tUng ; 

BlowM in tlK PU««. ind with It hMty DoUh. 
Such wu the paiM, did Ki bcKixM 

lie teo« my Ulod to mti » new : 
Grow Rldi. and Lo<e ai weQ ■■ Vim. 

To the poon wretcb. wheo Lc^Iod entred la. 


Focfln me. God. I cil'd ; lor 1 
Flattcr-d mjr leUe 1 «u 10 dre. 

Sni rMber drat IM me imnaine, 
Ai Man in FaradlM did nlgnc ; 


When pcrfKl Loie did « agree. 

But quiddr to mr Cmi I fMBd. 

TWM audi Lcm. iwt Death, had inda the woBMl : 


Duth a mote cen'nNU nee dOM tut ; 

HiBMlfe waa Jojntnre to hit En : 

Quarter to *II be conqocn doei nAne. 

UnUMchl whh Af'ariee yet, «r Pride. 

The Rib cute fredy back to hli aide. 

Tie Taoquliht livei. to make them tkns. 



A culie upon the man who taught 

lamthrikietbM: let mc know, 

Women, that Lore waa to be bai«fat : 

Hard Muter, Die great Taikc I ham to doe : 

Rather dote onety on your Gold. 

Who pride and «on«e doe nndBfoe. 

And that with greedy ar'arloe hokl ; 

In tempetu and rough Seat thy Gallein row ; 


They paai, and ptwue. and ilgfa, but Oado 


Tbetr ligh* enaeaae the ascry winde. 

Fond Lonr. ym a MMiem h>Te 


Of b«r, ihat-a but year FeUow-dan. 

Like an JBm/Han Trnuit, aome 


Thou weaiieM out. la buikUng bat a Tomb& 

Whu ibonld tboie Pocu mt>ne of oM. 

Othen, with lad and tedkmi art. 

That made their Ood to wooe fai Gold ? 

Labour 1' Ih' Quarrie. of a itooy heart i 

Of all men Hire They had no aa*e 

Of aU the WoAra (hon doit au^ne, 

To Bind Love to mch coiUy Lawei : 

To an the aerenU il»« of ihiue. 

And yet I Karcely blame them now ; 

Emplojr me, mighty Lo»e. to dlgje the Mine. 

For who, ak), would not allow. 

That Wonten abould aucfa gifla leodre. 


T -le on, tbr wbM riMold hbuVr me 
X From LoTlDg, and EoJoriDgTbeer 

UtbOd, my Deaie, Thy adTa dxmld'tl piuB, 

Alaa. what mine would auffice? 

The Spaniard cogU not doe't, though bee 

Sbonld to both Indies ioynture thee. 

TIM mr Fate'* too meue and low ; 

Thy beautlea therefore wrong wiU take. 

TwcK pUtr I should km (heeao. 

U tboti (booU'R any bargaine make ; 

U that dun caoM ctmld hinder me 

To give All WiU b«A tbee wdL 

In Losing, and Enjoying thee. 

BCMOW thy Beauty then on mae. 

' Iidoemotnieawtiitdiqdeue. 

That the ridiaUhonountdK; 

Ptody. aa Nature g«»e t to Thee ; 

That yon all Tillei make your owne. 

Tit an eqdoded Popiah -nought 

Am VaUanl, Leanwd. Wbe ahwe. 

To tUnk that Heaten my be boi«hL . 

But if yoo claim oYb Wmdbi loo 

Pmyera, Hymni, and Pr«y*ei are Am way : 

The powCT vbid) orer Hen ye doe ; 

And ihoae ny tbtskful Mine Aall pay , ■ 

If yon Blaoe moM Loven bee ; 

Thy Body, In »r V«ne (Brinln-d, 

For that. Sira. yon nm« parioo mee. 

SMll grow Immorml at thy HlDde. 

Bather then kK»e what doe* 10 neare 

lie file thy title next In bme 

Conceme my Life and Bring here. 

To SachiiHaa't welltung name. 

De lome inch cnxAed waiei inTcnt, 

So bithfiilly will I declare 

A« you, or your Fore-Fathcrt went : 




That wbm, >( ibe Ian great Asdie, 
All Women shaD logetlia' rise, 
Uen slnil shall cast Iheir Ejes on Thee 
And know at GiJt thai Thou an She. 


THotigh you be absent here, I needs tnun lay, 
The Tieea as beauteoui are, and flowen u gay, 
As erer tber were wont to be : 
Nar the Birds' nuall musicke loo 
la as melndious and tree. 
As if thejr sung (o pleasure you : 
I «aw a Rose-bud 'ope this moiue ; I'le sweare 
The Mushing Monlng op'oed not more bin. 

How could It be so foire. and jpou awajr t 
Hair could the Trees be beauleoos, Flowen so gay ? 
■ Conld they remember but last yesre. 
How yoD did Them, Tbey you delight, 
The sprouting leaves which saw you hoc. 
And called thdr Fellowei (□ the tight, 
Would, looking round for the same sight in vaioe, 
Crcepe hack into Iheir silent Baikcs again. 

Wliere-ere yon walk'd, tiees wa« as rererend made, 
A* irtien of old Gods dwell in every shade. 
Is't possible they should not know, 
. What ki«e of hanoor they sustalne. 
That Ihus they smile and fioorish now. 
And sttU IheiT former pride retaine t 
Dull oratsres t 'tis not without cause that die. 
Who fled the God of wit, was made a Tree. 

In ancient timet tnre they much wiser were, 
When they rejoyc'd tlie Thracian verse to heare ; 
In value did Nalim bid them stay. 
When Orpheus had his Stxig begonne, 
Ttiey calld their woudiiug rootes away, 
And bad ihem silent to him nm. 
How wtnild thoae learaed treei bare Ibllow'd yon 1 
Yon wonld have drawne Tbem, and tbeir Poet too. 


Elot who can blanie tbem now ? for, since you're gone 
They're here the coely Faiie, and Shine akne. 
Yon did Ilieii Natural Rights invade ; 
Where-ever yon did walke or sit, 
The thickest Bowes could make no shade, 
' -t AUbotvb (be Sunne had granted k : 
Hie birest flowers could please noe mote, oeare yon, 
TSm, Painted flowers, set next to them, conld dM. 

The little Joyes whidi here are now. 
The name of Punlshmenii doe beare ; 
When by their sight they let us Know 
How we deprived of greater are. 

lis you the best of Seaions with you bring ; 

This is tot Beasts, and that for Men the Spring: 


Writttn in/t^a of Latum. 

rmtst what I write I doe not see, 

I dare thus, even to you. write Foetrie. 
Ah foolish Muse, which dost so high aspire. 
And knowestber Judgement wdl, ' 
How much it does thy power excdl. 
Yet dartt bee read bji thy just OaooM, the Fire. 

Alas, thou thiokest thy sdfe secure, 

Because thy Ibinie is Innocent and Pure: 

Like Hypocrites, which secme unspotted bete ; 

Bat when they adly come to dy. 

And the last Fire thdr Truth must try, 

Scraald ore like thee, and blotted tbey appeare. 


Go then, trat rerenntly goe. 
And, since thou needs ulust sinne, eonfesse it too : 
Confes't, and with humility doath thy shame ; 
For thou, who else must burned bee 
Ad Heretick, if tbee pardon Ibee, 
May'st like > Martyr then enjoy the Flame. 

Bat if her wisdome growe sevoe. 

If her large mercyes cneily it teotrehw ; 

Be not dliconr^d, btu require 

A mote gentle Ordeall Fire, 
And bid ber by Love's Flames read it again. 


Strange power of beat, thou yet dost Aow 
Like winter earth, naked, or dooth'd with mow, 
ftit, ai the quidt'ning Sonne appiaadklng nwre. 

Tba Hants arise up by d^reei. 

And all kind Nature's Characters i^peare. 

So, nothing yet in Thee is seene, 

But when a Geniall heate vrarmes thee within, 

A new-bome Wood of various Lines there grows ; 

Here buds an A, and there a B, 

Here sprouts a V, and there a T, 

And an the fhnirishing Leitcis stand in Rowea. 



Thoa BOW nuj'it chufc tfaf Anthw'* naaia, 
And (o [her] Hud kj nobk ckln ; 
For ai She Roul^ ibe Uakct iha word* In Tbt*. 


Yet If Ihiiw owne nnwnrthlMMe 
Win Kill, tlul iboo art mine, not Kct'i, conCsne ; 
Coonime tb]' itfe with T\n before bo- EfCi, 

And u ber Gnce and Piujr move ; 

The God), tbougb Boiu they do BOt Lova, 
Yet like Ibem, when ihd'c bonil in Sacrifloe. 


FIVE Yean afo (Mfa U(n7) I lo*'(t roa, 
For which 700 call me moit InconMaiU now : 
Panloo me, Madam, you miilake the Man ; 
For I am not the unw that I wai than ; 
No Fleib U now the Mme 'twBi then In lae, 
And tlial my mind li chang'd, jour lelfe may Me. 
Tbe Mine TbousbU 10 relala itill. and latenu. 
Were more Incooitant tarn ; for Acddeutl 
Mum of all Ihlngi moit ilran(el]r Inconiunl prove. 
If from one Subject tbej I' another more ; 
Mj Membeti then, the Paths' Uemboa ware, 
From whence Thde take their birth, which bow an b«a. 
If then thli Body Iotc what Ih' o(h« did, 
'Twete Inceit ; which by Nature ii forbid. 
Yon mlgfat as well thii Day inconitam name, 
BeooM the WeMher ii not lUU the Mme 
That It was yesterday : or Uame the Year, 
'CauM the Spring, Flowers ; and Automne FVnll doe* 

The World's a Scene of Chanio, and to be 
Constant, in Nature wen Ineonstaoey ; 
For 'twere to break (he l^ws ha self has made : 
Our Subatauces themselves do fleet and fitda ; 
The most lixt Being, still doth move and Ay, 
Swift as the Wings of Time til measur'd by. 
T' imagine then that Lore should never eeaw 
(Love which li but the Omamenl of these) 
Were quite a* lenselesK, as to wonder why 
Beauty and Colour slay not whan we dye. 

Not FA IRE. 

TIS very true, t thought you once as &ire, 
At women In th' Idea are^ 
Whaterer here seems beauteous, aeem'd to be 

But a lalnl Metaphor of Thee. 
But then (methoughts) there something shln'd within, , 

Which cast this Lustre a're thy Skinne. 
Not could I choose but count it the Sun'i Light, 

Which made this Cloud appear so bright. 
But since 1 knew thy f&lshood and thy pride. 

And all thy thousand faults beside ; 

A very Moote {at 

White; as hii Toelh, woold 11 ^ 10 b« 
So laeti, (they My| by HeBs ddsaaaoM leid. 

Have la'ne a Smxabn to tbeir bed : 
Bdlevc It fail, and themselves hftppy- cmH. 

"nil Ibe cielt f^oot diKurnvf mJl : 
Tbea (bey Man from i, haUe Obosta (has 

And Devill as 'tis. It doea appear. 
So since against my wiD I foaaA Tbee fool, 

Defonnd and crooked in thy Soole, 
Uy Reason strait did to my Setue* abew. 

That they might be *"irt*i.*», too t 
Nay when the world but knowci bow ^lec J< 

There's not a Man will lUnk 70a fialr. 
Thy shape will moiuinns ia thdr Iknciee b^ 

Thq^l caD thdr Eyes aa Um as TboB. 
Be lAai thou wilt ; hate wiU pseeent tbee »a, 

A> Pnritans do the Pope, aad Raplats La 


And both oar Wholes iolo one Wbole eooibtDr . 
But halfe ol Heaven the Sgule* in Glot? >•■(• 

'Till by Love in Heaven at last. 

Their Bodies loo are plac'L 

Inlhy hi 

Man, as well as 1. thoa ttrl. 
But somethii^ 'ili that diffett Thee and Me ; 
And we must one evem in thai d[~ 
I lliee, both as a m 

For a pofact Love implies 

Loveiu all Cnpauille). 

Can that for tr 
When a bire w 

n Love's UkeneeK be, 
d Variety, 

For he. whose sonle nou^t but a Scale can move. 
Does a new Narcissus prtxve; 
And his own Image love. 

That sotiles do beauty know, 
Ta to the Bodle's help they owe ; 
If urtwn Ibey know't, they sttail abuse thai m 
And shut the Body from'i, 'tis as unjust 
As if I brought my dcansl friend to see 
My Mislresse, and at th' instant He 
Should steal her quite from Me. 




if her Hain ; 
Love does on both her Lips for erer Btraf ; 
And lows Biid reaps > tbousond Kisses there. 
In all bei oacward parts Love's alwues seea ; 

Within Lore's fbea, his grtAtesi Idea abide, 

Malice, IneoBStancjr and Ftide. 
So the Earth's foce, Tieet, Hoha, and Flow'rsdodmae, 

With olber beauties ntimberieise ; 
But at the Ceatcr. Dorlmesse is. aod Hell ; 
There wicked Spirits, and there the Daniaed dwell. 

Whh D^ alas, qldte contrary it brea ; 
Da^neiie and Death bes in nir weqitng vpm. 
Despair and lUeneue In mj hce appears. 
And Grief and Fear, Love's greateil encfnlei ; 
But, Uke the Penlan TynuU, Lom within 
Keep* hit praod Coon, and ne'rc is seen. 

Ofa take mr Heart, and by diat means fou't pm 

Whhln too ator'd eDongh of Love : 
Give me bat Your's, I'le by that ehange lo thitre 

That Love in all my parts shall bra. 
So powerfull is this chai^. It reader can 
Hy outside Woman, and your inside Uaii. 

Clad aU in White. 

FAbeM thtng that ihlnes below. 
Why ta this robe dost thou appear ? 
WotildM thou a while most perfect show, 
ThoD miut at all no gaimeni wear ; 
Thou wilt seem much wbito' so. 
Than Wbter when 'tla clad with Snow. 

Tb not ttie Lbmen shew* 10 bire ; 

H«r tkione shines throogh, and makes K briglR : 

So Clooda tbemselvrs like Suns appear. 

When die Son pierces them with Light : 

So LilUea f n a sUm Inclose, 

Tbe Qtaise wU Mem ai white as Iboee. ' 

Thon now one heap of beanty art ; 
Nou^t outwards, or wllhln b foob : 
Condensed beams naka erery pan 1 
Thy Body's doatbad Uke tby soda. 
Thy aoole, wfakfa doet It sdb dispby, 
Lik« a Nam pino'd I' tb' Uilfcy way. 

Socfa robei the Saints departed wear. 
Woven all with Ll^l divine ; 
Soch tbefr eialled Bodies are. 
And with such fiill glory shine. 
But oh they 'tend not mortab' Pain; 
Hen pmy, I fear, to both in raine. 

Vet tedng thee so gently pure, 
Hy hope* wiU needs contiDoe sdll ; 
Thon wouldst not take this Oaiment sure. 
When thou hadst an Intent to UlL 
Of PcBoe and yeelding who would doubt, 
When the White Fbg he sees hung out? 

Leaving Me, and then loving many. 

SO Moi, who once have cast the truth away. 
Forsook by God, do tttange wild lusu obqr ; 
So the vain GoUilei, when they left t' adore 
One Ddty, could not stop ■> Thousinds men. 
Tbeir ical was •encelesi straight, and boundlessegtown 
They wonhlpt nuny a Beast, and many a StOM; 
Ah biie ^KWtate I conldst tboa think to flea 
From Truth and Goodnesse, yet keep Unity i 
I relgn'd alone ; and my bless'd Selfe could call 
The Univoiall Monarch of her All. 
if Ine, mine bn lair East-Indie* were above, 
Wbera those Suns rue that chear the world of Love ; 

Where Beauties ihine, Uke Gems of richest price ; 
Whcv Corall grows, and every breath b iploe : 
Ulne loo her rich Weil-Indies wn below, 
When Mines of Gold and [endless] treasures grow. 
But, as, when the Pelican Conqueror di'd. 
Many sowll Princes did hb Crovm divide. 
So, dnce my Love hb lanqnlabt world forsook, 
Mnrther'd by poisons from her {slshoad took, 
An hundred petty Kings claim each their part, 
And rend that glorious Elmpire of her Henrt. 

dfy Heart diseavtred. 

HER body b to gently bright. 
Clear and tmniparcnt to the sight, 
(Clear m bb Chibiall to dw vbw. 
Yet *oA as that, eie Stone it grew :) 
That throogh ber fledi» nnhlnkt, b seen 
The bri^iler Soule thai dw«b within : 
Oar Eye* through Ui' radiant covsing pMW, 
And see that LiUy Ibrotigh iu (Maase. 
I Ihroogh bcr Breaal, ber Heart eqiy, 
A> Sooba In heuu do Soubs descry, 
I teo't wtlh gentta Motknu beat : 
I ne light Int. but find no beat. 
UntUn, Uke Angdi la the Sky. 
A thoqaud gilded tbongbi* do fly : 

dbyGoot^lc - 


Thoufhu ofbriftn ud nablai Und. 
Ftlr ud chaM. u Molher-MlBita 
ftil. oti. *Km other bcut li Iticra, 
Which ilihi ud croudi lo ha'i w OKI t 
Til tSi oo. Dune, and doa lika Fire, 
To Ibal. u to m Hcmvco, upire. 
The wouikU lue ■nu)' in't, uid deep ; 
Still dod it bl«d, «nd tiill doo weep. 
Whowver mciched Heart tl be. 
1 cannot chuie bul frleve lo tee ; 
What pliif [n mr Breati doe* raifDC ^ 
Metbiolu I feci |ioo] all iu pain. 
So torn, and to defac'd U liei. 
Thai It could Dcer be known bf I' ej«» ; 
Bat, ob. at LaM I beard II groan, 
And knew bx th' Voice that 'iwai mine ovoe. 
So poor Akione, when ihe law 
A ililpwiacki body to'wardi \ta draw, 
Beal br the wave*, let hU a Tear, 
WbkA onljr then did PItty wtw : 
Bat when the Corpa on thore wvc caM, 
Which ihe her huiband loond at laii ; 
, WhM ihoukl Ihe wretched widow do ? 
Grief chang'd her Mrali ; awa; ihe flew. 
Tttm'd to a BInl : And » at but ihaH 1, 
Both ftom mj MnrtbcT'd Heart, and Mnnh'rer Ajr. 

Answer to the PlatimiJa. 
' CO Anfda lore : lo let then tore for me : 
•-3 Wbca rme all Soule, inch (hall my Lcm too be : 
Who nothing here bat like a Sp'ril would do, 
, Id a ihort lime, belecve'l, 'Iwill be one too : 
Bnl'ihalonr Love do what in Beaiu wciee? 
E/n Beam eal loo. bul not lo wel u We. 
And foo u \tax\j mi^i In Ihint refine 
The OKI of Wine, became Beam Water me : 
They latt thoie plearara ai ihey do their food ; 
UndreM Ihe; lak'l, devour It raw and cmde : 
Ou to m men, Lore cooki it at hii fire. 
And adds the poignant lawce of sharp desire. 
Beam do the same : lii mic ; but antient taine 
SaT«i, God* themselves torn'd Bmmi to do tbe nmc 
The Tbund'ier, who. withoui tbe female bed. 
Could GoddeiHi bring forth from out his bead, 
CbOK rather Moriali this waj to create : 
So much he 'Meemd hii pleasure, 'bove his atalft 
Ve talk of firei which ihine, bul oerer borne ; 
In this cold World theytle bardlr lerve nor tnnie. 
Al mdesie to deipalring Loven growne, 
Ai Lambent flamei, to men I' th' Frigid Zone. 
Tlie Son doei hii pore fires on earth beMow 
WUb Nnptiall warmth, to bring forth thh^ below ; 
' Such ii Love'i Noblen and dWlaest beal. 
That wanoei like hii, and does, Uke his, beget. 
Lmt jroa can this : anametoTour'iiiiwejmi, 
If an Inordinate Deare be Lnit : 
Prgmalion, loving what noM can eojof ; 
More tautfnl was, then tbe hot yonth of Ttof. 

7%t VAZJV Z. O VE. 

Lmng out first btfatts^ sA^ amtd Uve m Uj, 

e^Urwards hmng A^f mitA 4mrt. 


Fool that I «•! I wlK> hAviot, 

A rich BDd Sonajr DiBBoad. 

Admir-d Ihe banteaMe of tbe Stooe. 

But DO! tbe light with wUcfa it Otome : 

Your bran and haughty acim of all 

Was ttalely. and MooarcbicalL 

All Oeotloieaie, with that eMaoa'd. 

A dnll and ilaTista Ttrtne aeeoi'd : 

Should you have jrlekled tfam to me, 

YoQ had kxt what moM I \o<r'd In clva ; 

For triio Tookl lerre ooe, wbacn be lee* 

That be can Conqoo- if be pl^ue ? 

It br'd with me, ai ifa ^va 

Id Trinmph led, thai doei peracive 

With what agar Ua)ettick pride 

Kii ConqneniT through tbe Knets doei ride, 

Shookl be coDtoted widi hti woe. 

Whkfa makei of loch a coDielj iliov. 

I Kngbl not htm thee a rvtnnie. 

But wiiboul Hopei or Fean did bum ; 

Uy coretOBS Pauion did appravc 

Tbe Koording up, not Use of Lo*«. 

tty Love a kind of DrauD wai grown, 

A Fooliih. bat a PleaMot one : 

From which I'me wakened now, bat, ob, 

Pruonen lo dy are wakened ao. 

Foe now my Firei and U^ibei are 

Nothing, but LongiDgs with Despair. 

Despair, wboae Tormoits no men stiiv 

But Loren and the Damn'd, aidiir& 

Her icom 1 doled once upon, 

111 ObjcEt for Affection, 

But since, alas, too much di prav'd. 

That yet Kras somethii* that 1 kw'd ; 

Now my desires are wora^ and flee. 

At any JmpouibiUiy ; 

Deslrei, which whilu so high th^ loare. 

Are proud ai that I lov'd hdon. 

What LoTcr can like me complaiii. 

Who fim>iT'd vainly, next invainef 

7%t SdUZE. 

T F mine Byei do ae declare 

*■ They' have seen a second thing tiM'tUr: 
Or Ears, that they have Mmkk foond. 
Beside* thy Voice, in any Soond ; 



If mjr tail do ever meet, 

After Iby Kisie, with ought Ifaat'i iweet ; 

If TB.-J aboied Toacb allow 

Ongbl to be smooth, or toti, but Yon : 

If, what seaiODable Springs, 

Or the EaMeni Simuiier IniDgs, 

Do TDf Smell penwade at all 

Ought Peribnte, but thy BroUh to call ; 

If all my lenses Objects be 

Not contntcted into Thee, 

Aod so through tbec more pow'riiil paste, 

As Beams do through & Bujning-Glasse ; 

If an things thai in Naiura an 

Either sofl, or sweet, or fair. 

Be not in Thee so Epiiomii'd, 

[That nought Material's not compiis'd ;] 

May I o worthless seem to Thee 

As ail, but Thou, appear to Mec 

If I over Anger Imo*, 

'Till some Wrong be done to you ; 

If Gods or Kings my Bnvy move, 

Without thdr Crowns ciown'd by tby Love 

If ever I an hope admltl. 

Wiilioat thy Image stampt oo It ; 

Or any Fear, 'till I begin 

To lh>d that You 'r concem'd thcreia ; 

If a Joy ere come to Me. 

That lasts of any thing but thee ; 

If any Sorrow touch my Mind, 

Whilst Yoa are well, and not unkind ; 

If T a minute's space debate, 

Whether I shail curse and hate 

The ttil^a beneath thy hatred fall, 

Though all the World, my selft and all ; 

And for Lore, If evei I 

Appear to it again so nigh. 

As to allow a Toleration 

To the least glimmering Inclioalion : 

If thou alone dost not controule 

Ml those-Tyrants of my Soule, 

And to thy Beauties lyest then) so. 

That oMistant they as Habiti grow ; 

ir«ny I^stion of my Heart, 

By any force, ot any art. 

Be bron^t to moie one step from Thee, • 

Uay'st Thou no Passion have for Mee. 

If my bn^le Iraaginaliou 
Do DM Thee in aS things fashion ; 
So that all Fair Speda be 
Hyeroglyphid marks of Thee ; 
If when She her spotts does keep 
(The lower Soule being all asleep) 
She ptay one Dream, with all her Art, 
Whese Thou bast not tbe kingest pert. 

If oog^t get place in my Remembrance, 

Without some badge of thy resemblance ; 

So that thy parts become to me 

A kind of Art of Memory. 

If my nnderstanding do 

Seek any Knowledge but of You, 

If She do near thy Body priie 

Her Bodies of ndtosophiel ; 

If She to the Will do show 

Ought desirable but Yon, 

Or If That would not refaell. 

Should She another Docliin« telt ; 

If my Will do not resign 

AH ho- Ubeity to ihine ; 

If sbe would not follow Thee, 

Though Fate and Thou sbouldst disagTM ; 

And If (for I a curse will give, 

Such as shall force thee to believe) 

My soul be not entirely Thine ; 

May thy dear Body ne'ere be Mine; 


"C* Rom Hate, Fear, Hope, Anger, aud ^vy fr 
^ And all tbe Passions els that be. 
In vain I boast of Liberty, 
In vain this Slate a Freedome call : 
Since I have Love, and Love is all : 
Sot that I am, who think it fit lo biagge, 
That I have no Disease besides tbe Plagiwt 

So in a scale the Sons of Israd, 
Sometimes upon thdr Idols fell ; 
And Iluy depos'd the powers of Hell i 
Baal, and Astarte down they threw. 
And Accaron and MoloiA too ; 
All this imperfect Plely did no good, 
Whilst yet. alas, tbe Calfa of Bethel Hood. 

Fondly I boast, that I have diest my Vba 
^^th painAill Art, and that tlw whM 
Is of a UsI rich and divine. 
Since Love, by mixing poyson tber^ 
Has made it worse then vioeger. 
Love even the tast of Nectar changes to. 
That Gods chose rather Water here bekns. 

Fear, Anger, Hope, all passions dse tti«i be, 
Drive this one Tyrant out of Me, 
And pcacttse all your Tyranny. 
Tbe change of ills some good wtU do : 
Th' oppressed wretched Indians so, 
Being slaves by tbe great Spanish Monardi mai 
Call in the States of Holland to their Aid. 




Tbrongb which fome itraki too of EHvolty no, 

Panljr ot Monke. and partly Puritan ; 

With tedloui RepHitioM too you've tane 

OIleo the Dame of Vanity In vain. 

ThlDEi. which, I lake il, friead, you'd ne'er redle, 

Shoidd ihe I lo*e, but lay t' you, Onne at nighL 

The wisen King refui'd at) plcaiuTEi quJle, 

Till Wbdome rrom above did him enlisht ; 

But when thai fUie hli Ignonuce did remore. 

PicMiire* he cbote, and plac'd them all lo Lore. 

Am) U by event the ooanacli may be lecn, 

Thii wjidome 'iwai that brouehl the Southern Qoeeo. 

She came not, like a good old Wife, to know 

The wholeiome naloie ot all planti thai grow : 

Nor did lo fairc from her o*ni ConDlry romc, 

To cure Scal'd heads, and broken ihiniai home ; 

She came for that, which more befiti all Wivee, 

The An of QJTing, not of Savji^ Uvea, 


By Nature only for my sonowi made, 

He ipend thli voice in crtei. 

In tean I'l wait these eyei 

By Love «o vainly fed : 
So Luat of old the Deluge punlifaed. 

Ah wretched youth I aald 1 1 
Ah wretched youth I twice did I ndly cr/ : 
Ah wtetcbed youth I the 6dda and flooda reply. 

WbM tbooghu of Lore I a 
I mesi no wordi bw Never, and la v«lDe. 

Never (ala*> that draadfuU name, 

Whkh fewelli the inleniaU flame : 
Neva, ny time to come mtut waH ; 
In vaine, tormoiu the pieetnt and the pMt. 

In vain, in vain I aoid I ; 

No more ihall fields or Boodi do ao ; 
For I to ihadea more dark and lUenl go : 
AU thll world's nolaa appeal* to me 
A dull Ill-acted Comedy : 
No comfort to my wounded lighl, 
In the Sun'a buile and impert'nent U^t. 
Hien down I laid my head ; 
Down on cold earth i aiul for a while wai dead, 
And my Craed Soul to a niange Somewhere fled 

Ah aealifa Sonle ; Mid 1, 
When back t' Iti Cage again I taw it ly : 

And row hli Galley here again I 
Fool, to that body to retutne 
Where It oondonn'd and deMin'd la to bm 

Onoe dead, how can h be. 
Death ibonid a thing to pleaMnt nem to 
That thou ibonldtt come to Hve H o'le ^i 

Tkt WISH. 


TELL thai ; I now do plainly Me, 
TUt buile world and 1 ihall nere 
lie very beney of all earthly Joy 
Don of all meau the looaeu doy. 

And they, methinki, deaerre my pity. 
Who far h can endure tlte itingi. 
The Croud, and Bui, Bi 
Of thi* grwt Hi*e. the Qty. 

Ah, yet, ere I deaeand to th' grave. 
Hay I a mall Houie, and larp Gardes have t 
And a lew Fricoda, and many Book* ; both tnie. 

Both wlae, and both deligfatfuU too I 

And dnoe Love neer wil from me Dee, 
A HiitreaK modaately lair, 
And good aa Ouardiaii-Angela are, 

Ooely beloved, and kiving me 1 

Oh, Pounli 1 Oh when in yon ihall I 
My akfe, eu'd of unpeaoeful tlioughta, e«py? 
Oh Field* 1 Oh Woods I when, when ihaU I be 

The happy Tenant of your ihade } 

Here'* the (priog-head of Pleaeure's Bood ; 
Where all the Riches lye, tliat she 

Haa ecfai'd and itampi tat good. 

Pride and Ambition here, 
Ondy la bMetcbt Metaphon appear ; 
Here nought bnt w1ild» can burtiFnU Munniin ic 

And nou^t bnt eccbo Salter, 

The Oodi, when they desmded, hither 
From lieaven, did aiwaiei chtise their way ; 
And therefore we may boldly ny. 

That "til the way too thither. 

How happy here sbonld I, 
And one dear She, live, and embracing, dye 
She who li all the iroild, and can eidnde 



I should have then Hia onl; feu-, 
I-est men, whaa the; m^ pleuum M 
Should all come iiD'iiB.te Mee 

Aikd so make a CiKj here. 



T Ow by mj Love, the greatcsl Oath that ii, 
None lovea you halfe so well al 1 : 
I do not ask tout Lore for thii ; 
Bnt for hcBTen's sake beliere me, or I d<r. 

No SerraDt ere, but did deserve 
His MaMei should believe that be does Mrve ; 
And lie Hsk no more w«ses, though I sterT& 

'Tis DO Itixnilow net this, and sure 
I shall not br 't too lusty prove ; 
Yet shall it wOUnglT endnre, 

If 't can but keep together liSt and Lore. 
Bdng youi Prisoner and your slave, 
1 do not Feasts and Banquet! look to have, 

A little Bread and Water's all 1 crave. 

Od a s^ of Pily I a yeer can live, 
One Tear will keep me twenty at least, 
Rfly a gentle look win give ; 

An hundred years on one kind word I1e tout : 
A thousand more win added be, 

If you an IncUnatioa have for Mee ; 

And an befond is vast Etemi^. 


THou rob'tt my Dales of bus'tiesse and ddlg 
Of {deep thou rob'st my Nights ; 
Ah, Lovely Thiefe, what wilt thou doe ? 
What? Rob me (rf Heaven too? 
ThoD, even my prayoi thou hamileat me ; 
And I, with wild Idolatiy, 
Begin, to Ood, and end them bQ, to Thee. 

Is it a Stnne to Love, that h sbontd thus, 
like an iU Conscience, torture ns? 
Whet a« I do, whoe ere I go, 
(None Guiltlesse ere was haunted so) 
Still, still, melhinkt thy fkee I view. 
And still thy shape does me pursue, 

Al If, not you Mee, but I had murtherad You. 

What ere 'tis writ, I And that there, 
like Point! and Comnu's evcfy where, 
Me blest for this let no man hold ; 
Fori, OS Midas did of old. 
Perish by turning every thing to Gold. 

What do I seek, alas, or why do I 

Attempt in vain Irom thee to fly ; 

From making thee my Deitie, 

I gave thee then Ubiquilie. 

My pains resemble Hell in this ; 

The divfaie iHisence tbere too Is, 
But to torment Men, not to ^v« them bUssft 

All < 


For none can be unhappy, who 
'Midst all hts Oh a lime does know 
(TboDgfa nere so long) vrfien he shall itot be ao. 


Whatever parts of Me remain. 
Those pens will still the Love of Thee reoUn; 

Foi 'twas not only in my Heart, 

Bat like a God by powerful An, 
Twai all in all, and all ia every Pan. 

My 'Affection no more perish can 
Than the Gnt MallEr thai compoundf A Mmi. 

Hereafter if one Dust of Me 

Mlx'd whh another's Substance be. 
Twill Leaven that whole Lump with Love of llice. 

Let Natwe, if she please, disperse 

My Atoms over all the Univene, 
At the last they easily shall 
Themselves know, and together call, 

Fw Ihy Love, like a Mark, is stamp'd on all. 



OW, rare, whhin 

have tov'd at least Mme twn^.yeareiOT m 
Th' Account of Love nms mncli mora fast 
llien that, with which our life does soon : 
D though my Life be short, yet I may prove 
The great Methusalem of Love. 



And lo In Icuer room do \j. 
7 Thin abj tbingi extend thoiuclvei bi 
Thinj* toUd uke up Utile Place 

y«t Lore, ate), and Lite in mee, 
Are BM two levcnll iUii|i, bm pardj 01 

At ODoe how can ttacrc in It be 

A double diflercai Motion ? 
O rei. then may : for lo the leHe-iaiDe I 

At oDoe doci tlofr and niiMj ran. 

SvUUj hli dally coone be foei. 
And walki hii Annuall with a lutdler pace. 

And doet ibree hundred roundi encdoie 

WUhln ooe reariy Circle's qvee. 
[At once with ikmbte Coune, Id tbe Mme Spbsi 

He HUM tbe Day, and mlki the Yeai.] 


When Sonle doe* to my ulfe iffare. 
Til then my li(e, and does bnl slowly move ; 

But when ll doei relate lo bo", 

It swiftly flies, and then Is lore. 
Lore's my Dinniall rourje, divided rlfltt 

Twilt Hope and Fear, my Day and Nicht. 


Uta be by gUttslnt ills betni'd ; 

Thy seUe for Mony? tAi, let no man know 
The Price of beamy fti'-a to low I 
What dangen ooghtsl thoa not to dread. 

When Love that * BUnd Is by blind FortoDe led 1 

Tbe (oolbb Indian thai leQs 

Hii faedoos Gold for beads and bdls, 
Does a more wise and gaioftil tnfflck bold, 

Then ibon who «dl'H thy selfe fcr gold. 

WbM falnes in sacb a barBaln are J 


Can Gold, alai, wfch Tbee 
Tbe Sun that makes It't not 

The Sao wUcfa oan no' make, nor erer 1 
A Italic 10 beantifiil as Tbee, 
In aH tiM JowBeys be does paise, 

TlKngb tbe Sea sar'd bhn for a ' 

Bold WM the WnMh that dieapcmed Thee, 
Sfaioe Hapia. noae ao bold •■ be ; 

"niau'ft io d]*fne a lU^ timl Hhtt to faatr 

Is to be eonnled SinMmy ; 

Too deal he'le fiude Us sordid pcioe. 
Ma's Ibridled that, and tbe B«M&ie. 


If It be lawfiill Thee 10 boy, 

Iber's Bone can pay thai rale bm I ; 
Noihinf OB eanb a Gttinc price can be. 

But wbnl on earth's men like to Thee. 

And that my Heart does only beat ; 
For (bMC Thy seUe, Thy very seUe ii there. 

So much tby sdle does la dm live, 

Tlml when for li thy selfe I gire. 
Til bM to dmnce that piece of Gold ler Ibis, 

Wboae Mampe and Taloe eqoall la. 

Vet leal (be Wt^bt be counted bwl, 
Uy Soule and Body, two Grain* more, rUe adde. 


T 0>« from Ttate'* wl^i hath Mol'ne the -fMtben 

He baa, and put them 10 Us owne ; 
For bowers of late ai lonf at Dales endure. 
And very Mlnmea, How'i* are gtowlL 

Ihe wkm* UotioM of tbe twnlac Tear. 

Bdooi not now at all to Hee : 
Eadi Summo-'s Night doet Lscie'i now fftmz. • 

Each Winter Day Saint Banwl^ 


How k«K ■ tpaoe, since fim I loVd, It is? 

To look ioto a glasae I bar ; 
And aat miptit'd with wonder, wbea I nine 

Grey hairM and wrinkle* there. 

Th' oM Puriaidi* age, and not thcfr happincB too. 

Why doea hard hte to na nMme i 
Why does Love'* Fire thus to MfnM.>H renew. 

What tbe Flood washt away before? 

Siae tboae an happy people that ooiaplaln 
O' tbe dionnen of tbe dales of Uaa : 

To th' ordinary Span. 

If when yom' gift, loos Life, I df^iptore, 
I too fngiatefdll teem to be ; 

Pimidi me fustly, hearen ; make Her to lore. 
And then 'twill be too short fir Mee. 




That iboll my Catnan be. the fiuan «oile. 

That ends my wand'rings, and my toOe. 

I'le settle there, and baniy grow : 

/— EnUy. »b senlly, Madam, touch 

VJ -nw iroand, which you rom sdfe luTC made ; 

The Country doci with MUk and Honey 9am. 

Thai pun must Deeds be rery much. 


Which miUus me of your hand aflhdd. 

The Nndle trembles lo, and tumes about. 

Cordialls of pilty give me now, 

'Tm it the Northern Prant find out r 

For 1 loo weak (or Puiginga rtow. 

Bui oonslant then and fiit does prt>ve, 


nx'd, Ibot bis deanst Pole at soon may move. 

Do bat a while with patience stay ; 


For CounieU jet wfll do no p»d. 

Thenmay my VesseU torn and shipwrockte be. 

Tin Tinie, and Rot. and Heaven allay 

If it put foRh again to Sea : 

The violent buniiDgs of my Mood ; 

It never moni abroad shoU roaw, 

For what effect from tU4 can flow, 

Though 't could nen voyage bring the Indies hoilK. 

To chide men dnuik, for being so? 



But I must sweat in Love, and labow yet. 

Pertiaps the Phyjlck 'i good you gl*e. 

But nere to me can niefuU FTOTe ; 

They 're ilolhfaHboli who leave a Tiade. 

M«d'daes may Cure, but not Revire : 

Till they a moderate Fortune by l have made. 

And I 'me not Sick, but Dead in Lore. 


Id Lok-s Hen, not hii World, am t ; 

At ODce I Ute. am Dead, and Dy. 

Variety I ask not ; give me One 

Tub™ perpetually upon. 


The person Love doe* to as lit. 

What new foimd Rhetorick ii thine 7 

Like Hamia. has the Taste of all in h. 

And thy Breai power doea dcarcM ibhie. 

The SAME, 

In vain thou tHdst me lo forbear ; 

Obedience wen: Ri^IUon bere. 

■P OR Heaven's ,ak[ej what d'you mean to do 7 
'- Keep DK. or let me go. one of ihe two ? 


Thy Tongue comes In, as if It meant 

Vontb and warm hours let me not idly loose, 

Against thine Eyes t' as^ my Heart ; 

The little Time that Love does <*oo9e : 

Ku diSbrenI bn« was his intent ; 

Kalwaies here I must not stay. 

For itiail the Traitor look their part. 

Let me be gone, whilst yet 'tis Day ; 

And by this new foe Ime bereft 

Len I faint, and benighted lose my way. 

Of an that Uttle which was left. 


Tls dismal, One to ktug to love 

The act I most eonfesse was wise. 

As a diihonest act could be ; 

To hunt ID long on nimble prey, 'till wee 

Well knew the Tongue (alas) your Eyes 

Too weary to take others be ; 

Would be too stinng for That, and Mee. 

Alas, 'tis fWy to remahi. 

And pan o' the Triumph choae to get. 

And wa« onr Army thus in vain. 

Ratherlbeu be a pan of it. 

Before a City which wai nere be tane. 

Raolvtd to it bdovtd. 

At several! hopes wisely to fly. 

Ta more ioconslant alwaies to pursue 

"T<IS tnn. I 'ra kn'd ahtiady ihne or fbure. 
i And shall thne or foore hundred mart; 

A thhigthal olwales flies from yon ; 

For that at last may meet a bound : 

lie love each lair one thai I m. 

Bnt no end con to this be found. 

Till I Bnde one at Ian that thoU Ion Mee. 

Tb naught but a perpetual fmhksse Round. 




When it doe* Hardncue naM ud PiMa, 
Mf Lon ttoa then rabonad t' uotho- Mtt \ 
Bol ir li cnigbl that '« loA and ycddlaf Ml ; 

It lodgei there, and itap In IL 

Whalever 'lis >haU Gn( lov« mac. 

T^t ll ■H)' Heaven ma)' trnlf be ; 
I ihaU be nre to gir 't EtemH]'. 


BY Heaven lie teO ber boldlj (Imi 'til Sbce ; 
Wb)i ihould She utaam'd or usrjr be, 
Tobebelov'dby Haa? 
Tbe Godi ma; {ive their Allan o're i 
Ther'l imoak bat wldome any marc, 
l( none but Happy Men muat them adora. 


The Llgfatninc which tall Oaliei oppOK In rain, 

To itHLe somelimes doe* not disdain 

The bumble Furiei of the PlaliL 

She being *□ high, and I io low, 

Her pover by thl* doci ffreatei ihov. 

Who Bi auch diiuuice gives hi *urc a bio*. 

Compar'd with her all thing* so worthleiK prore. 
That Donchl on earth cu lotrardi ber mare, 
TUl 'I be exalted by her Late. 
BqnaU (o ber, alM, iher'i noaa ; 
She like a Deity ii growne ; 
TtM, mun Croue, or cUe mntt be akna. 

ir there be man. wbo think* himielTe lo Ugh, 

For he would cheat for hii (eU«fe ; 
And one vrould give wltb iesaer grief, 
an undewrving Beggar, then a Thiefe. 

Against P^idHoH. 
t a fool. He ivear, tf ae then gi 
Much of my Veneration thou muit wMtt, 
When once thy Undneue put* mj Ignoranc* ov 
For a leam'd Age is atwaie* leaat dsTCnU* 
Keep itill thy distance ; foi at onc« (O me 
Ooddeue and Woman too, thon canit not be ; 
Tbon 'it Queen of all thai sees thee ; and a* *ac 
Must udtber Tynnnlie, nor ya«ld M»mnch ; 
Sucb freedom] give a* may admit MtnnMd, 
Bat keep the Forts and "'g°""— in thin* hHU 
Tbotl'rt yet a whole world to me, and doK fill 
My targe ambition ; but 'tU dang'mo* ail^ 
Le« I like the Pelloui Prince ihould be. 
And weep for other worlds, hav'lng conqnerd lb 


When Love bM talMt all Iboa ha« away. 

Hi* MiEBfth by too much tticbes wiU deca^. 

Tliou In my fancy do*t mndi hlgbo' stand. 

Then Wonten can be plac'd by Natntw's faaaMl ; 

And I mun needs, I 'me lore, a lorn' be. 

To change Thee, as Thon 'n Iberv, for veiy TtkeK 

Thy •weetneiie is so much within me plac'd. 

Thai ibonldst thou Nectar give, 'twoukl spofl cbc Xa* 

Beaoty at fim moves wondo-. and deligfit ; 

'Til Nalnre'i Jngling trick lo cheat tbe ngbt. 

Wee admire ll, whilit unknown, bat aflo- nnre 

Admire oar lelTe*, Ibr UUog U befcre. 

Love, tike a greedy Hawka, If w« give way. 

Doe* oveT'gorge '*-«-'^ with till owa Prey ; 

Of very hopes a inrfell Iwle amain, 

Unlcssc liy fears he cast Ihem up again : 

His spirit and iweelneiie dangers keep alMw ; 

If once he lose his stlog, be growes a Dtddb. 

And either And lome Med'cin tlKie. 

Or core themselves even by De^alr ; 

My Lava's lo gnat, dial it might prove 

Dangcroos, to lell her tluu I Love. 
So tender Is my wound, it must not beai. 
Any solute. Ihoogh of the kindest ain:. 

llie Toiments fc 

her In 

Her Love upon a Fate too low. 
Forbid it Heaven my Life should be 
Wdgta'd with her leau Coaveniencie. 
No, let me periih nibo- with my gtic^ 
Then lo ber diaadviuitage find reliefe. 

Vet when 1 dye, my last breath diall 
Grow bold, and plainly tell bff aa 
Like covaoni men who oat disciy 
Their dears hid Treasure* '(111 they dye. 
Ah, tayrtst Mayd. bow should it diear 
My Ghost, to gel frcan Thee a Tbu I 
Bat lake heed ; for If me thou [utieA thea. 
Twenty lo one bw 1 4i*n Hve i«ain. 

Tktgivtti Heart. 

They liave gives thdr Hearu ancf. 
Some good kind Lovtr tall me bow ; 
IT mine ia t)tU n TooneM to me now. 

Digitized by GoOt^le 


ITio h be, one place both hesns cosuln. 

For wtuU do tber mmpUin ? 

What couiteslB can Lore do moie 
Then MiojTK Heaiu, that parted were before? 

Wo to her Mubbom Heart, if once mine come 

Into the sclfe same roome ; 

TwlU tear and blov up all within, 
Ijke a Granado shot into a Magaiia. 

Tbeo Bball Love keep the ashes, and torn pani, 
Of both our bmlim Hearts : 
Shall out of both one new one malu. 

From hei's, th' Allay, from mine, Ihe Metall tak& 

For o[ her heart he from the Flamea will l!ad 

But little left behind ; 

Mine only wilt remun entire ; 
No drotte was diere, to perish In the Fire. 


TEach me to Love 1 go teach thy self more w: 
1 cliief Profexsor am of it 
Teach Craft to Scots, and Thrift to Jews, 
Teach Boldness to the Stews ; 

In Tyrants' Conns teach supple Flatten' • 

Teach Sopbislen and Jesuiles to lye. 

Teach fire to burn, and winds to blow, 
Teach rcsllesse fouiltaini how to How, 
Teach the dull earth, fijit to abide. 

Teach Women'Und Inconstancy and Pitde. 

See if your diligence here will niefiill prove ; 

Btit, nrithei. leach not ioe to Love. 

The Ood of Lore, if such a thing then be. 

May learn to love from Met. 

He who does boost that he has Mn 

In every Heart Awx Adam's sinne, 
Ilelay my Life, nay Mistress on 't, that's more, 
rie teach him things he never knew bdoK \ 

111 teach him a Recei|A to make 

Tears, which shall understand, and speak. 

Ill teach bhn Sighes, like those in Douh, 
At vUch the Sonle goes out too with the breath : 
StOl the Sonle auyes, yet still does from me ttmne, 

As Ught and heat doa wHh the Sim. 

Tit I wbo Love's rnhnnhni am ; 'tit !, 
Who moR aew Worlds in H dewy : 
Rkfa WotUi. llMlyidd of Tnuora noce, 
HMD an that bM bean kucnm beftee. 

And yet like his (I fear] my Fate most be. 
To find them out fbr others, not for Ue. 
Mae limes to come, I know It, shall 
Love's last and graUesI i^pbet call. 
But, ah, what 's thai, if she refose 
To hear the wholsome Doctrines oF my Muse t 
If to my share the Prophet's Fate must come ; 
Hoeafter Fame, hen Martyrdome, 


THE Devil) lake those foolish Men, 
Who gave yon first nch powers ; 
Wee stood on even grounds 'till then ; 
If any odds. Creation made it ours. 

Fcr shame let these weak chaines be broke ; 

Let'sonrsUgbt bonds, like Sampson, tea 
And nobly cast away that yoake, 

Wbid] we nor our Fore-bthen ere could bear. 

Frendi Lawes forbid the Female Reign ; 

Vet Love does them to slavery draw ; 

Alas, If wee 'le our ri{^ts maintain, 
Tb aO Uaakbd mast make a Safiqne Law. 


A Name, that 's full and proper when asstgned 
To Womankind ; 
But when jron call as so. 
It can at best bat for a Metaphor go. 
Can you the shore Inconstant caS, 
Whidi still as Waves passe by, embraces all t 
Thai had as leUe the same waves always love. 
Did they not from him move? 

Since drank with vanity yea fell. 
The ibiivi vaeat roond to yoa that stadfut dwell ; 
And you your leUe, vrbo from ti* take your Bight, 

WnodsT to find tu oat of si^ ; 

Aa Hea b mottoo thhik the 'Trees move too. 



Welcome, ab wekooie. sijr poor Healt ; 
Welcome ; I Ullle thought, I1« nv 

(Til DOW 10 loDf lioce we did put) 

(The Landi where then hatt trardlad) 
Eilba by Savagei pouot, 

Or wUd. ud ttninhnblled? 
Whujoycoutditiakc. orwbat rqion 
k> undviiii'd u IhoM ? 

LuM, the icorchlns Oog-nure here 
Ragei witli tmmoderale heat ; 

Whllit Pride, the nifged Nonhern Bear, 
In oUien m&kei iIm cold loo Krau. 
And whm theie are lempenie knoi 

The Soil '( ali buren I^iwl, or rocky Stow 

WtMD oooe cr twice roo (teac'il to view 
A rich, weH^orcm'd Heart, 

Like ChJDA, It admitted you 

But to the Frontlere-pKn. 

Prom nmdiie ibut foi evcrmcR, 

What good is 't that an Ansel ihat the Door 1 

WcU fate tba Pride, and the I»*dain, 
And Vanltiel witti Beuty JOfO'd, 

I use lud Men thi* Heart ag^. 

If any Falre one liad been' Idad : 
My DoTe, but once let looae, I doubt 

Would nere retume, had not tbe Flood been a 

Tht Heart fitd again. 

FAbe, faaUih Heait t didst thou not ay, 
That thou wooldn nerer IsaTe me mm 
Bdiold again "tii fled sway ; 

Vied a4 bire from me a* before. 

I more to bring It bad again, 

1 ciyed and hollowed ailer It in vala. 

Even 10 the gentle Tyiian Dame, 

When nelthn Grief nor Love prerai], 

^w tbe dear abjact of b«r flame, 

Tb' ingraidal Titilan holM Ui Mile l 

Tba dolefull Ariwiae so. 

Oo tbe wide shore fanakoi nood : 
FalM Thesew, whither don thou go ? 

Afor blse TtacMus cut the flood. 

Bui bcchui [»me to lis- nliefc ; 

Ah jeneeleas Kcart. to take no reM, 
Bui nndl thus etenially I 

Thus to be fnuen in eray la«it [ 

And to be loorclit in e*cry Eye I 
Wandiing aboui like wiclcbed Cajne. 

TbiuH oat, ill ui'd by all, but by none ilaiDe 


Well ; rince thou wilt not hen remaine, 
I'll eien to Utc wilhoul Thee tiy ; 

My Head shall lake tbe gicater pain. 
And all thy duties shall si^iply ; 
I can more eai1y lite I know 

VniboutThacL then without a Mlstiii thoa. 

Womtris Supent^icn. 


1 'm a Tcry Dunce, or Womaa-kinde 
Is a most uniatelligiUe thing ; 
I can no Sence, nor no Conleiture finde. 

Nor thdr loose Parts to Method bring, 
1 know Dot what the Leani'd may see. 
But they 'te itnuve Hdsew thii^s to U 

PreaiA we, Love's Prophets, what we wiO, 
Like Jews, ibey keep their ^ Law stiQ. 


Bdore their Motbss' Gods tbey fondly bll. 

Vain IdoU-Gods that have no Sence nor Minde : 

Hooonr's thdr Ashtaioth, and Pride tbeir Baal. 

Tbe Thundrlng Baal of Woman-kind, 

Wltti twenty olho' Devilli more. 

Which Tliey, «• we do Tbem, adore. 

Bat then, like Men, b< 

] Covetous and Dctout, 

And jM more loath to lasoe Mooeya oa 

The Heart! oi Men they aacri&oe. 

>y Google 




Some dun FUloiopha, when he hears me sa 
My Sonle is train me fled nray ; 
Nor ba< or late laform'd my Bod^ here. 
Bat in BUOlher's breasi does lye. 
That nrather is, nor will be I, 
Al a F(»in Senrienl, and Assbting there. 

ViHll ci>, Absurd I and ask me, bow I Stc, 
And Syllogismes against h giie : 

A cnne on all ]^ur vain Philasophiei, 

Which on wealt Nalure's Law depend. 
And know not how (o comprehend 

Lon and ReligkiD, those great Mjneriei. 

HcT Body is my Soule ; laugh not at thli. 
For by my life I iwew it is. 

'Tls thai preiBrves my Being and my fteath, 
Fiom that procsedi all that 1 doe, 
Nay all my Tbonghti and speet^iea too 

And separation frtmi it is my Death. 

From that hard she «4i<xn I daej, 
I come in and find a Nymph, mocta gentler here, 

Thai givw consent to all I wy. 

Ah gmtle Nymph who lik'at so well, 
In hollow, solitary Caves to dwdl ; 

H« Heart being mch, into It go. 
And do but OBce from thence answer me so. 

Complaisant Nym|di, why dost thus kindly share 
tn giiefs, whose canee thou dost not koow 1 

Hadst thou but Eyes, as well as Tongue and Eare. 
How much compassion would si ibou show I 

Ihy Bame, whilst Uving, or a flowef , 

Wu or lesi beauty, and lees nri^ag power ; 


IS daeixtbe Her to Thee; 


The nice n adfe, wheu slopt, doe* lack retlie, 
And a new voice is made by IL 
Thus things by oppositioa 

The gainers grow ; my barren Love akoe. 
Does from her slony htcast nbound, 

Ftodadng oeillier Image, Fire aor Sound. 

77u Rkk RieaU. 

THey say you 'r angry, and lant mightily. 
Because I love the Bme b3 you ; 
Ahu I you'r ven' rkh. 'tis true ; 
But prithee Foole, what's that to Lore and Mee? 

Von 've Land and Money, let tliat serve ; 
And know you 've more by thai than you deserve; 

When next t see my bur One, she shall know 
How wortfalexse thou an of her bed 1 
And wretdi, I'le strike thee dumbe and dea^ 

With noble verse not undostood by you ; 
Whilst thy sole Rbetorick shall be 

Joynture, and Jewdls, and Dor Friends agree. 

Poz o' your bjeods, that dote ai 

Lovers are better Mends then tbey : 
Let 's those in otho things obey ', 

The Fates, and SWiro. and Gods must govern I 
Vain Names of Kood I In Love let none 

Advba with any Blood, but with their owne. 

'Tls that which bids me this bright Maid adore ; 
No other thought has had access I 
Did she now begg, I'de love no lesse. 

And were sbe' an Empresse. I should love no mor 
Were the as just and tnie lo Mee. 

Ah, simple sonle what would become of Thee I 

Against HOPE. 

HOpe, whose weak Bong ruin'd is. 
Alike if it succeed, and if it misse : 
Whom Good, or 111 does equally confound, 
And both the Homes of Fate's Dilemma woimd I 
Vain shadow, which dost vanish quite 
Both at full Noon, and perfect Night I 
The Siancs have not a possibility 

Of blessing Thee ; 
If things then from their End we happy call, 
Tls Hope is the most hopeless thing of all ; 

Hope, thou bold Taster of Delight, 
Who whilst thou shouldst but tost, devour'st it quite t 
Thou bringst us an Estate, yet leov'si us Poor, 
By clogging it with Legacies before 1 

Thejoyes which we entire shonld wed. 

Come defloufd Virgins lo our bed ; 
Oood Fortimes wtthout gain imported be, 

Sodl mighty Customes paid to Thee. 
For Joy, like Wme, kept close, does better tast. 
If it take air befim, iu iplriu mat. 



Hope, Ponnac'i eb»tirn I,otierie ! 
W>>ae Ux our put* u handiai blaoki ib«e be r 
Fond Afcher, Hope vho Ok « i>i* umc <a bnc; 

Tt.ia, cmjitir Lkxid. ubicb ih' cyi dcccvei 
With thipa ihM OD owne Pucw (m* > 

A Cloqrd, > cu;h aad painted no* apport. 
Bdi duM dfip pmmily m ton 1 

Whoi UiT falw bsunt <ae huviB i Itfhi pfrmle. 

Br IpK* '"'■> 'o* Nonb-Surm n Mile. 

Btollwr of Fear, more fiJ))' cbd t 
The mer ner FdoIc o' Ih two, yet qniu u maA : 
Sire of Rep«iun«. Child offamd Detirel 
Tbal bUjiti the (Jhjnnlck'i, and the Lotb-'i Fire ! 

Leading ihoB Mill iaicnublir oh 

Br the uraiigr wiichcnh of Anon I 
By TliW the one dm chuit;inK Nature lhroo(h 

Her« Labjmnthi pimue. 
And ih' other chavi Woman, whilit She gat* 

Hope, of ill Ills that men mdiBe, 
The oalr cheap and uoivenal Core t 
Tboa Capiiv'i Frredooie. and Iboo ack-Haii'i Health I 
Tbou Loier*! Viclory, and Ibou Brggtii't «eallh t 
Thoa llanno, which from Heaven we eat. 
To ererr laM a arrerail Meat ! 
ThoD itroni; Retreat 1 thou luie-eniait'd Eoate, 

Which nought hu PcFwer to alienate 1 
ThoD pleaiant. honat, Flatterer ! (or oooe 
Flaiier nabappj Vies, but thoo akne ! 


Hope, tbou finl-FruiU of K 
Thou lentle Dawning of ■ bright S< 
Thou good Preparative, without which our Joj 
Does work too iirong, and whilst H cure*, denroy ; 

Who oat of Fortune'! reach don Maud, 

And art a blesiinE slill In hand 1 
Wbilit Thee, her Eanest-Monr we main. 

We certain are to galne. 
Whether the her bargain break, or ebe fulfill, 
Tbou oolr cood, not wone for ending til < 

BrotlMT of Faith, 'Iwlxt whom and Thee 
Tbe ioftt of Hea*en and Earth divided be 1 
Though Faith b« Heire, and have the Gxt eitali 
Tbr PortloD ret la Uorabla ia greaL 

Happlncue it (elfe '■ all one 

In Thee, oris PouewoDl 

ODlribeFmM'>THBiB.ifeBPna9t Us! 

T^ 'a Itac BOR tent aMi Bobte BIh : 
not anthfnrtfT o^OTJoya. whaA h>at 

Hope, tbon Md Lom'a imlj Fil^a] ! 
Than War thM mmj'a diipae it with the Ead * 
FcH- LdR I tax a a frvh that dots detiftat 
Tbe laal k Klfe leMc ihaa tbe SbcU aad aE<>*- 

Thea Thoa caaat be. whea than doa mime : 
UcB Iwvc thee br ofataiai^. aad nnil lee 

Soma odier war agatai to Thee : 
And that'! a pliawa* CooMrr, widiait ibaU. 
To which an fooB ratane that tnnile on. 


T Llnte lbH«hl, Una food 

*■ W^faMlblllMiD. 


Deit aD thiivo< 

Lenli« thee mk thr fi] 
And ilatMflr 1 aowWM TUm 
Whh I< 

What cnned wend 's tUi Low 
A^ tbe whole fieU twfll 
Snh will it dioak up and < 

Twin km 1 fear nr TCfy Uiwnll to 

fiat DOW aO't goBC^ I now, aka. 
Dedaie. proteM, mil iIiimi 
Since by mj owne luldtc'l '■'"■'« , 
The TraiUBi hai my OmoniDient, 
And ia M tetled in tbe Thioa^ 

Hwi t'wsB Saboiliaa ixw U> ckim alne 





(All tbli as well as you I know) 
Which \ so hotly now pursue ; 
(I know >11 Ibis as well ai 700) 
But whilst this cursed flesh I bear, 

And all Ibe Weakneise, and the BuenCM th< 

Alas, alas, it iriU be alwaiei so. 

I rage sometimes, and bite mjr Cbaln 
For to what purpose do I tdle 
Whh Teeth, which nere will break it 
For if the chiefest Christian Head, 
Was by this sturdy Tyrant buffeted. 
What wonder b it. i( wok I be slain ? 

Tbou like fair Albion, la the Sailor's Sghl, 
Spreading ho- beauteous Bosome all id White ; 

Like the kind Ocean I will be. 
With loving Aimes for c»er clasping Thet 

Bui 111 embrace Then gentUer &rTB then so ; 

As their fresh Banks soft Rivers do. 
Nor shall the proudest PlBset boast a power 
Of nuUcing my full Love to ebbe ooe houre ; 

II never dry nor fcnr cao prore. 
Whilst thj unwosied Fountain feeds my Lovo. 

Such Heat and Vigour sbaU our Kisses bear. 

As if like Doves wee' engendred tbertL 

No bound nor rule my Pleasures shall endure. 

As when Ibe Stin appears. 

The Morning Thickneme clears ; 

So, whai my thoughts let sadnesse in. 

And a new Morning does begin. 

If tny Beaulie's pierchig ny. 
Strike through my TronbllDg ^ei a mddoin day ; 
AH those grave sulkm Vapours mdt in Tears {away]. 


Solid and fiit by Cold ; 
So in worm Seasons iJove does kxMety flow, 

Frost only can It hold. 

A Woman's rigour and disdain, 
Does his swift course restrain. 

YM Bothhig, btit the Night our sports shall kn 
Night that 's both btlnde and silent too. 

Alpbeus found aol a more secret trace. 

His lov'd Scanian Fountain lo embtace, 
Creefung beneath the ^gean Sea, 

Then I will doe t' enjoy, and feast on Thee; 

Men, out of WIsdome. Women, out of I^de, 
The plaotout Thefts of Love do hide. 

That may secure thee ; but Ihou hast yvt from Hee 

A more infallible Secority. 

For there 's no danger I should tell 

The Joyes. which are to me unspeakable. 

Though cc 

nt, and consistent now it be, 
•a kind beams appear. 

It mdts, and glides apace into the Sea, 
And loses It selfe there. 

So the Siu's amocoDS PUy, 

Kissel the Ice away. 

yon may in Vulgar Lave* find ahnles ihli ; 

Bul my Substantial Love 
Of a more firm and pofect Nature Is ; 

The /N/0 YMENT. 

N Tain, thou drousy God, I tbae invoke ; 
Per thou, who dost from fiuna arise. 
Thou, who Man'i Soule dost ovs-^hade 
With a thick Cloud, by Vapours miule. 

Canst have no Power to ihnl bif eyes. 
Or passage of bis Spi'rits to cboak. 

Whose Flam '1 so pure, that it sends up no snoali 

Vet bow do Tear* but from some V^wtin rise 7 
Tean, ibal bewinter all my Year f 
The Fate of .£gypt I sustain. 
And never feel the dew of Rain. 
ftata Oonds within the Head appear. 
But an my too moch Moysture owe. 
To overtowings of the Heart below. 

And Uke the Sm about it, I ; 



Come, thou }ait God. and equaU 

A while 10 mir diidaiarul Sbe ; 
, that condiiion In me 1)' ; 

Till Love doei ibc favour ibcw 


Thoa Tjmni whkh le«T*i 

Thoa oditle Ihlef , from wIm 

Tbon Mnith'tet wtuch ba 

WDoldst Dunn me. 

Tht PA MTfUG. 

Tlwe uid thjr Klnimui Death dclla. 
For bciwiit Thee and them that lore, 

Thou Koni'al Ih' Unhippy ; and the HappT T 

BEaolj, thoa wllde hotaitlck Ape, 
Who dosl In every Couniry change thy ihape 1 
Here block, there brawn, here tawD]'. and there whlta ; 
Thou Flatl'ret which oompljesi with ey'ry ilsfat I 

Thou Babel, wblch coDfouDda the Eye 
With unimelliKible vaiiely 1 

Who bast no certain when, noc where. 
But vaiy'it itill, and doit thy lelle dedare 

laconstant, as thy she-PnifeS! 

Beauly, Love's Scene and Maskenule, 
So gay by well-plac'd Lighu, and Diitance made I 
'False coyn, with which ih' Itoposture cheats as itill ; 
\ The sump and Colour good, hot MettaB ill 1 

Which Llghl or Base we find, when we 
Weigh by enjoyroant, and ejamine Thee ! 

For though thy Bsng be but show, 
Tb chiefly Night which roea to Thee allow : 
And chose I' en)oy Thee, when Thon least att Tboo. 

Beauly. Thoa Active. Passive ID t 
Which d/st thy selfe as fast as thou dost kill I 

Thou Tulip, who thy Block in paint dost wast. 
Neither for Physick good, nor Smell, nor Tast 

Beauty, whose Flames but Meteors are, 
Short-liv'd and low. tho' thou would'st seem a S 

Who dar'st not thine own Home descry. 
Pretending lo dwell richly in the Eye, 
When than, alas, dost in the Fancy lye. 

Beauty, whose Conquests stIQ ore made 
O'rc Hearts by Cowards kept, or else beUsid I 
Weak \nclor ) who thy setfe destroy'd mast be 
When sidtnessc storms, or Time besieges Thee ! 

Thou' unwholesome Tba.w to frozen Age I 
Thou strong Wine, which youth s Feaver dost eni 

AS Men in Qnen-land left bcAdd the Sunoe 
From tbeii Horison run ; 
And tbooght upon tbe and Iwlle yew 
Of Cold and Darkneue they must mffo- there : 

So on my porting Mistrene did I look. 

With mch swollen eyes mj farewd took ; 

Ah, my fait Starre. said I ; 
Ah those blesR Leads to which bright Tboo dost tp:'- 

In vain tbe Men of Leaning osmfbrl b 
And lay I 'me in a wanne degree ; 
Say what they i^eue ; I sajr aitd w 

Til beyood dghiy at least, if ym 'r dm 

It is, it is ; I tremble with the Frost. 

And know that I tbe Day hare lost ; 

And those wild thingi wbkdi Men tbey call. 
1 find to be hot Beats and Foxes alL 

More Ur and fresh rise np from thence to Mee- 

Tboa, who in many a Prop'riety. 

So truly an the Sun to Mee, 

Adde one more Ukenease, which I 'ro snre yoa ™ 
And let Hce and my Sunne b^et a Man. 



Ete, lake my likeoesse with you, whQsl 'ti 

For whoi from hence yon go. 
The next Sun's rising wiH behold 
Me pale, and lean, and old. 
The Man, who did this Picture draw. 
t swear neit day my lace he never saw. 

Digitized by GoOt^le 


Voor ptoence wfll lucli Tigonr give. 
(Your prescDce which mskes all Uiii]{l Utc) 
And abscDce lo much alter Mee, 
Thii will the «tUMUnc«, I the ihadow be. 

When tron jronr weU'Wrau^t Cabinet you lake it, 
And yoor bright ioolu avike it ; 
Ah be not fngfaled, if jrou ice 
The new-foul'd Picture gate on Thee, 
And liear It bnalh a sigb or two ; 

Pot thoK are the fint Ihii^ that it will doft 


Mj Rhall Image will be than Uiongbt blest, 
And laagh M me as diipossem : 
But Tbou, wbo (if I kDoir tbee right) 
I' th' nbitaiice dolh not much ddigbl, 
Will rather tend again for Mec. 

Wbo tiien iholl but injr Picture's Picture be. 


NO ; to what purpose ihoold I speak ? 
No, wrotdied Heart, iwell till ym. break 1 

She camiol love me if She would ; 
And to lay tnilh, 'twere pity that ihe should. 

No, to the Qrave Iby Sorrows bear. 

As sUenl, a) they will be there : 
Since that lor'd hand this Mortftll wound do's f^. 

So handsomely the thing coDtrive, 

That she nuy guHtlesie of ii live. 

So perish, that h« UUlDg Thee 
May a cbance-Medley, and no Murther be. 


Til nobler much for nw, thai I 

By Tin- Beauty, not hn- Anger dye ; 

This will look Justly, and become 
Ad Eiecniion ; that, a Manyrdome. 

The cenauring World will ne're refraloe 

From judging men by Thunder slaine. 
She must be angry sure, M I should be 

So bold to aak her to make me. 

By being bers, happier then she. 

I will not ; 'tis a odlder Fate 
To (all by bet not Loring, then her Hate. 

And yet this death of mine, I fear, 
Will ominous to her appear : 
When, soond in erety other part, 

Her Sacrifice is foond wiihont an Heart. 
For the last TempeM of my death 
Shall sigh out that too with tny breath. 

Tben dull the world my noble ruine see. 
Some pitty, and some enry Mee ; 
Them she htr tdfs, the mighty Shee, 



1 Mines of Sulphur In my bnut do lye, 

T^t feed th' etemali burnings of my heart 

Not £tna flames more Seroe or constantly, 

The sounding Shop of Vnkan'i smoky an ; 

Vnleen his shop has placed there. 

And Cupid'i Forge is set up bere. 

Here all those Atiowes' monall Heads are made. 
That fly so thick unaeeD Ihimigh yeeldiag aire ; 
The Cydope hm, which labour at the trade 
Are Jealousie, Fear, Sadoeise, and Despair. 

Ah cruel Qod I and why to mee 

Gave you tbi* cunt Uooopoly I 

I have the trouble, not the gains of it ; 

(^ve me but the dliposall of one Dart ; 

And then [lie ask no other benefit) 

Heat B« you please your bimaM in my Heart 
So **eel 's Revenge to me, that I 
Upon my foe woold gladly dye. 

Deq> into 'her bososM would I strike the dart, 
De^er then Woman ere was ttruck by Tbee ; 
Thou gi/st them small wounds, mod so Gure from ih' 

Tfaey aulter idll about, inoonstantly. 

CuTK on thy Goodnesse, whom we find 

GviU to none b ~" 

VabiOodI whowomendoK thy seUeadoi«l 
Tbeir wounded Hearts do Mill retain the powoi 
To travail, and to wander as before ; 
Thy brdcen Arrows 'IwiKt that Sei and oun 

lliey take their Feathers, we the Head. 

T 've foDow'd thee a year at least. 

'■ And never UopI my idfe lo rest. 

Bui yet can tbee o'relake no more, 

Then this Day eu tb« Day that went befbtv. 

u KUancc sUU betwixt them found, 




Ifl nin, alu. ta nda I Rrh« 
■nie wheek! of F«te futer to drite ; 
Sbkcc Ifa RNmd iwifiUv il By«, 
Sb« In h mesdi bo- nuc u mocfa u I. 

Hmtu bf LoK Miaafdr *hriM an, 
ThK ilMn cu new meH a Fm I 
TlBcUv ibco Worataan Loroi daine ; 
TiM woDBdcd Heart M'ra tnriMa lo woond a^in. 


ITboagbt, I 

r, I ootdd la*B kn'd n 

Bat roa u ta^ might aecoou 
TDl 10 tbe topp of BnaOm yon anoi 
Ai caat op roj Lon'i wore. 


Wb]r dMaU m; Lore do «o ? 

A nan catue al Aral dM mora ; 
But mine own Vmsf now driraa 00 mj Lort, 

With (hadovei th>m b lelf that flow. 

H J Li0*«, ai we in Nombcn Me, 
B]i Cjrpber* b enctMR euraall7. 

So tbe oew-^nadc. and mtride Sphaai* alwte, 
Took their Am torne from tb' Hand of Jot 
But are ihice that bcfiniiing foond 

B]r thcji own Formei lo move for ers' raond. 
All violent Motioni ibon do ^can. 
Bat by the length 'tit plain to lee 

Thai Lovei '■ a Modon Natorall to me. 


The woild penciirea it, and, it aaif be, ihe ; 

Tbougb lo diicceet and good ifae be, 
Br UdlDg il, to lead) that ikm lo Mce. 

Men wltiioDt Love hare oft w conning grown, 

That Kmiething like it tbqr have ibown, 
But iMHie thai bad it ertf teeai'd t' bare none. 

to*e 'a of a Mnngdy open, timple Ited. 

llw ftt; B]« betraic* <m knud nHH : 

Love o( hinudfe left thoe a pnt, 
Whn ibocw^ it be pa« into the HeuL 

O If br cfaance tbo Pace faemr not It. 

But keep the aecm wlady. Tct, 

I, tnio tbe TongiK 'twill ga. 

Leekimg m, and duamnittg inM kn MiOru. 

'T'Heie (nil two Hown now Imvc I pafa« bea 
1 Whaieomfartbrltonnlplnr 

To look OB Han«a with mtghtr Oidte bctwaa 
Wat Itaegleat Uias'i ^aie« pita ; 
So near was ba to HcMtn'a IM^fat, 
A« wkh tbe Um conan be in%ta. 

Yet eoold Bo( gat OM Aap of wain by't 

AD wnicli : I Mam to toncfa Imt now ; boi, oh. 

What booBdlcMe vace* do ui put ? 
FocMne, and FMandl. and all Baith'i e^wj Aow, 

Uj Low n em e . and hce high Deam : 
On dwae might oanqnerabk prove ; 
Nothbf data me lo fane lemove. 
Ai her hard Smto'i avenloa feom mj l^tn. 

"nu wearied with ihe feniikM pafai. 

They di Ibem down, aod weep in vain. 

And there ia I^ifcneaM and Despair remain. 

Sesohed to Loot. 

T Woodv what the Gran and wile 

'*' Think o( an tu that Low ; 
Whether omr prettr Foolariea 

Tbdr Hirth or Angn ukkc ; 
Tbc3> onderttaBd not beath, that WoeA do n 
Ont Sighee to tliem are luaignifieanL 



Ur Soole WM meldnc smii ««•;. 

And drop* taAmlbe Fire. 
Tbla ii% WiKnuuD. wbo pretend* to know, 
Adc't wbjr I look'd lo pole, and trembled lo ? 

AnolbB' frem mj Ulitren' dore 

Saw mee wtth ejrei bD watiy come ; 
Nor could tbe hidden otuse eiploiv, 

Bm ibooKhi lome anoak waa la the room ; 
Sudi Ignorance from nnwonnded Lesmjog came ; 
He knew Teus mnde b; Smoak, bol not by Flan% 

If leam'd in other things joa be, 

And havE in Lore no iklU, 
Fee God*! lake keep •juia aiti Enm mee. 

For lie be Ignorant ttUL 
Stndj or Action olhen maj emhiaoe ; 
M]r Lon'imjr Dulneale, and m; Booki bv Face, 


TbMC ate btit ttUei, 1 oonfease, 

Wbidi me, weak Moctall, mo*« \ 
Nor la roar bnlie Serionlnesie 

Tbewlaat King wbo frain hia Bired brat 
ProMtmc'd all Van'hy, duna h for tlie beM, 

My FA TE. 

To wbidi iridi trembling re/rence it does bend ; 
Oo Ud tbe Stonei a journey upward laaite ; 

Go bid th' amUUoiu Flame do more 't aicead : 
And when these Ealie to their old Moti<m prove, 
Then Bhall I ceaie Thee, Thee alone to Love. 

Ibe bil-4faik'd Ottin oT everiaiting Fate 

Doea nolUng tf more itrong, then Mee to Voo ; 

My Gzt Love hangi not on fonr Love or Hate ; 
But win be nni tbe nunc, whalere -joa doe. 

Yon cannot Ull mj Love with jow disdain, 

Woimd it you may, and make it live In pain. 

Uee, mine example, l«t the Stolks use. 

Their Md and craell doctrine to ■"ft'''tw<n. 
Let all PrwImliTiaton me produce, 

Wbo struggle with elenial bonds in vain. 
Thi« Fire I'me bom to, but 'tis sbe mut tell, 
Wlwlha''t be beams of Heaven, or Flanm of HelL 

You, who nten's fortunes in their &cesreail. 
To find oat mine, look Dot, alas, on Mee ; 

But mark ber Face, and all the Features heed \ 
For only there li writ my Destiny. 

If tboa Gnd there kind and propitious Raya, 

What Mars or Salum ihieaten I le not fttf ; 

I wdl believe tbe Fate of Mortal daiea 

Is writ in Heaven ; but, oh my Hcavta Is there. 

What can men learn from Storrei the; scarce can tee? 

Two great Lights lule the World ; and her two. Me. 


The Ixjve vrithin too strong for "t was. 
Like Poison put into a Venlco^Have; 

I tbotighl thai this tome Remedy might fcovt. 

Bat, oh, tbe mighty Serpent Love, 

In aU atill liv-d. and ttm it stung in all 


And no* (alas) each little broken part 
Feds the wbole pain of all my Heart : 
And every smallest corner still 

Uvea with the tonnent which the Whole did kilL 

Even BO nide Armiea when the Geld tbey quit. 

And into setwall Quarten get ; 

Each Troop does sp(rile and mine moie. 
Then all joyn'd in one body did before. 


How many Loves lalgne in my bosome now ? 
How many Loves, yet all of you 7 
Unu luve I chang'd with evill bte 

My Uonarch-l^ove into a Tyrant-Stale. 


THou lutdtt to my Sonle no title ac pretence ; 
I waa miiK owne. and free. 
Tin I had giv-n my selfe to Thee ; 
But tbon hast kept me Slave and Prisoner rince. 

Well, dnce so insolent thon'rt grown. 
Fond Tyrant, I Te depose thee from thy TTirooe ; 
Such outrages must not admlned be 
In an Elective Monarchy. 

Pan of my Hc«rt by Gin did to Thee bll : 
My Country, Kindred, and my best 
Acqoalnlaikce were to share the rest ; 

But thou, tbeir Covetou* Ndsbbour, diav'si t 



Nay mm. Ihon mak'n me wtnhip Ttviv. 
And woul'lu ihF nilr of n<r Reiif^oa be ; 
Wai rrft lyrart tljimd (uth puwa u you. 

To be boih Emp rour, and Pope loo ? 


The pablick MiWTi«, and my pri»mle fcle 
De*enc Mxne Iran : but iCTfvdy Thnu 

That t one drop from tbn ihould ■llemle. 

Nor Kill ihuu Kranl my tinnei a pan. 
Thoofih ibe Hilp caiuF of mou of them thou an. 
(!ouming my Ttan ihy Tribute and thy DiK. 

Smcc fint taxat Eyes I (arc to You. 


Thou iD my Joya, uhI all my Hope* don rialin. 
Thou n£«t like a Fire in ate. 
CoDtetliDg all thingi iDto Tbee : 

Nought CUD rniit, or not encreate the Flame- 
Nay errry Gnet, and etery Fear 

Thou dost devour, utilete thy stamp it bear. 

Tliy praence, lilie the crowited Baslliik't imath. 
All other Serpenti pnti to death. 


At Men In Hell are from DIseaiei ftee. 

So from all otho' lUi am I ; 

Free from tbdr known Formality : 
Bui all Paim eminenily lye in Ttim : 

Alas, alas, I hope bi rain 
My cooquer'd Soul from 
Since an Ibe Natives there thon 'a*l 

And planled Qairisooi of Ihln* 


THou vorM EMaleereDoftbesex that's won 
Therefore by Nature made al first, 

T attend the weakness of oor birth t 
Slight, outamrd Curtain lo the Nupliail Bed ! 
Thou Case to buildings not yet finished 1 

Who like the Center of the Earth, 

Dost beaTleil things attract lo ibee. 
Though thon a point imafjinary be. 

A thing Ood ibougbt (or MaivUnd so nnfil. 

That his fini BleiiinB ruin'd ll. 

Cold froien Nurse of Gayest fat* 1 
Who, like the parched plains of Africk'* aand, 
(A UerUl, and a wild unlovely Land) 

Art always scotchi with hoi deaires, 

Yet barren quite, didit thou not bring 
Monster* and Sopenls forth thy telfe to sting t 

thine band) to gain. 

Sudi lediou* Bod taplHaaM enapaay. 
Who llv'M n HckMtaty I 
Than thing of sibtla, lUpfcry kmd, 

Which Wonen toae. and yet no Man tsa 

Althongta I tUnk tbon nenr loimd wDi be. 
Yet I'me resolv'd la fcardi far thee ; 
The search it selfe revanli the Pahia. 

So. though the Chymkdc his gnat leaet bobk, 

<For Deitha- it in Ait nor Nacne is) 

Vet things well worth his toyle he gaiai : 
And does hii Charge and Labonr pay 

With good nnsou(bt eiper'iraenti bj the way. 

Say what then wilt. Chastity is ma laon 
Thee, then a Porter is his dore. 
In vain lo honour they pretend. 

Who guard themietvei with ilaaipam Bin 

Them only Fame the troly i«lia« caSi 
Who can an iiinii iiiaih ihJiail 
or thy quick kitse can be DO doobl, 

Whhin so Katad, aid K> Lor'd vithoau 


Could mtee bring tfay Hean Captive hon« ; 

T>tie Lorai oit by Fortune are envy'd. 
Oft Earth and Hell against them sDive ; 

Bal Providence engages on their side. 
And a good end at last does give ; 

Al laM lull Men and Lovers alwaiea thiirc. 

As staim (not powafol dse| when tbey eoojayn. 
Change, a« tbey plaaae, the Wtald'iwMtt; 

So thy heart in ConJinmiaM with miBe. 
Shall our own tortunaa lecaUte ; 

And to the Stan thama el v ea praaoibe a FaM. 

Twouldgtleveinemndi to find tome bold Romai 
That should two kind examples shew, 

Which before us in wonders did advance ; 
Not, that I thought that story true, 

Bui none should Fancy more, then I wcold doe. 



TtuODBh spite of dot worst Hnemtei, th; Friendi, 
Tbrough Local Banishment from mee ; 

Throdgti the load Thoughls of wlfe-concemlog B 
Ai caiia ihall my pauage be. 

At VM the AiDoioiis Yontb's o're Hellei Sea. 

Id ralD the Winds, in rain the Kllowi mare ; 

In vaine the Starres their aid deol'd : 
He nw the Sestian Tower on th' other shore ; 

SbaU th' Hellespont uur Loves divide ? 
No, DOl th' Atlantick Ocean's boundlesse Tide. 

Sucb Seai betwixt ns east; conquer'd are ; 

But, gentle Maid, doe not A«aj 
To let thy Beam) stiiae on roe from afaire i 

And *lill that Taper let me 'eipy ; 
For when thy Light goes out, I ilnke and dye. 


CUrte on tbia Toogite, that bu my Heart betrald. 
And hit great Secret open laid ! 
For of an Parsons diiefly She 
Should not the Ills I saliiEr know ; 
Since 'tis a thing might daog'roos grow. 
Only in ba to Pllj Me : 
Since 'tis for Me to hise mf Life more fit. 
Then 'tis for ha to save and ranaome it. 

Ah, never more than thy 

My betpkaae Hory hear. 

Discxnuse and talk awake does keep 

The mde imqaiel pain, 

That la my Brest does ralgn ; 

Silence perhaps may make it sleep : 
1 11 bind thai Sore up, I did 111 rereol ; 
The Wound, if once it Qose. may chance to Heal. 

No, 'Iwai nen heal ; my Love will never dye, 

HHmgh it shotdd Speechlesse lye. 

A River, ere it meet the Sea, 

As wdl might stay Its sonnx. 

At my Love can bis course, 

Uolesie It Joyne and mii with TTiee. 
If any end or stop of It befoond. 
We koow the Flood rmu still, thongb nnder-Ground. 



But tMw I feel the mi^i^ eviQ ; 

Ah, there's no fooling with the DevUl ! 

) wanton Men, whilst others [bey would fright. 
Themselves hare met a real SpiighL 

t thought, I '11 twear, aa handiome ly 
Had ijcCD no linne at all In Poetry : 

But now I Mller an AmM, 

Vol words were tpoks by me In jest. 
Doll, loitish Ood of Love, and can it be 

Tboa undentand'at not Raflletie? 

Darts, and Wounds, and Flame, and Heat, 
I nam'd but for the Rhyme, or the Conecdt. 

Nor meant my vcne should raised b«. 

To this sad bme of Ptopheaie ; 
Truth givea a Doll Propriety to my stOe, 

And all the Metaphors doea spoUe. 


In thiagi, where Fancy mudi doea reigne 
"Tis dangerous too cunningly to feigtie : 

The nay at last a Tnuh does grow. 

And Cnslome into Nature got 
By this curst an of begging I became 

Lame, with counterfeiting Lame. 



I wrote to kindle and blow others' fire : 
And 'twas a barbarous delight 
My Fancy promised from the tight ; 

But DOW, by Love, the mighty Phalaria, I 
My bttroing Bnll the first doe try. 


T Never yet could ie« that lace 

'- Which had no dan for mee ; 
Prom fifleene yeares, to fiftie's space. 

They all victorioiu be& 
Love, thou 'it a DevlU ; if I may call thee OtM ; 
For sure in Mee thy name is Legion. 

Colour, or Shape, good LImbes, or Face, 

Oooduesse, or Wit In all I finde ; 

In Motion or in Speech n grace, 

Ifallfiule, yd 'tis Womankhtd ; 

And I 'me so weake, the Pistotl need not bee 

Doutde, or treble charg'd, to murtber Mee. 

If Tall, the Name of Proper slays ; 

If (alr^ sbee 't pleasant at the Light ; 
If Low, ber Pretdnette does please ; 

If Black, what Lover loves Mt Night ? 



TIh tax, like PloUr, filb mj Iwut ; 

The Lcaae. with Lo*« nafcei me loo u. 
ItStnlflit. btr Bodia'i Cupld'i D*n 
To mee : If Craclud, ti« hit Bow. 
N«r, Af* U Mife don ma lo n^ endlM, 
And Mraogth to WooMS flraa, u wdl ai Wine. 

JoM baUe ai larfe aa Chartlie 

Mr lkUr>lai>ded Love 'i becone ; 
And Jndf'd aiifht li ContlaiicjF, 
Ttwogli II take up a tarso' roome. 
Him. wboiovaaalvaietooe, whjralioiild tfaaroall 
UoR CooMant, tben tiia Uaa knci iUwalei AO i 

TbtM with nawearied wlnfi I Bee 

ThrDDih all Lote'i Oardou ud hi* FMdi ; 
And, lika the wlie iDdutrlooi Bae, 
No Weed, but HoMf to me rMdi I 
Hone; Mill q«nt thii dil'lfence ttlU nippHai, 
Tboi^h I return not home with laden TUgfaea. 

Mr Son) at Sm Indeed did prove 

Of pcetf Strength afalnil a Dan, 
TIU I thii Habit got of Lore ; 
But mj cotinau'd and wuted Heart, 
OfMc borat to Tinder with % ttning Deetre, 
Since thai by every SpaA is ki an Fin. 


GReat, and Wiie CoDqoeror, wlio wht i e- eie 
TlKNi com'it. doit IdrtlBe, and Mde there 1 
Wtio caou deftmd a« weU ai get ; 
And nevd badit one Quaner Ixat np ret ; 
Now thou art in. Thon nere wilt part 
With one Inch of my vanquish! Keait : 
For linoe thou tOok'M It bj auault ^m mee, 
'Til KMllton'd 10 Mjong with thougbli of Thn. 
It fean DO beanleoui Enemle. 

I'de •err'd ete thii an hundred MittrcMet. 

I 'mc better thui, nor would compotind 
To leave my Pris'oo to be a Vogibound. 

A Piij'on Id which I atill would be, 

Though every dore stood ope to Mee. 
In ipigbt both of thy Coidne«e uid Ihy Plid«, 
All Love is Maniage oo thy Lover's tide. 

For only Death can them divide. 

3- ■ 

daw. Nana* Cfaaia, yei loA and Uad, 
As tlMl wMdi Spl^lll above to ^fioA doea bind ! 

Oentle. and nwat Necentk, 
Which does not force, bo! gnide ov LKiectie 1 

Your Love on He wen qiait In vain, 

Bbwe my Love Mill oould but lenala 
JnM as It is 1 for what, atau. oin t>e 
Added to thai wfaidi hath InfinWe 

Both 1b Eitent and Qoalittof 

Her NAUE. 

Yinth more Ihea Jewllh R 
■V Doe I Ibe Saind Name oooceal : 
When, yee Und Starrei, ah, when will it bee 

TUi Oenlle Myn'ry to reveal? 
Wben will attr Love bee Nam'd, and we poa 
That dniMni^ ai a Badge of Happineae ? 

So bold ai yet no verse of mine has helB, 
To weare that Gonme on any Line i 

Nor, tm the h^py Nnpckl M>m ba aeao. 
Shall any Stanm with H ihlnci 

Rest, mighty Name, 'till then ; for tboo mna 

Laid dovne by Her, e're taken up by Mee. 

Tbeo an the 6dds and woods iball with it ri^ ; 

Tlien Eochoe's burden it «hall bee ; 
Then an the Birds In severall notes shan div. 

And an the Rlieti aonmir Thee i 
Tlien every wind the Sound ihall upwards beare. 
And softly whiipet'l to nme Angell's Eare^ 

Thai ihall thy Name through all my Vene be qmni 

TUck as the Oowan in Meadows ly. 
And, when in future times they ihaU bee read, 

(A« Mue. I tbinke, they will not dy) 
If any Clitick doubt that They be mine. 
Men by that Slampe shall quickly know the Cotoe, 

M«ane while I wlU not dare to make a Naake 

Adam (God's Ntanencluor} could not frame 

Astrsa or Caclia u unfit would prove 
For thee, as 'tis to call the Di'ely, Jove. 


SEE wliere she sits, and in what eomcdy wian, 
Drop! Teares more bire then otliers' Eyes I 



Afa, dutfrning Mild, let not in Fortime see 
Tb' attire ihj totraw wcues. 
Nor katm the bewty of thy Tearra : 

For abe 'U itiU come to diesu b«r lelie ID Tbee. 

Aa •tanei reflect on waten, to I q>ye 
In ereiy drop [me Ihinki) ber Eye. 
The Baby, which Uvea thsv, and ahraia plajn 

Nen yet did I bebtdd lo ^orioui weather 
Ai thia Smtahine and Rain togetbcr. 

Pl»y Heaven ber FoniittA, that pore Hill of Sdow, 
(For tome inch Fonntain we tmat find 
To Waten of lo hlr a kind) 

Helt not, to feed that beanleoni Mream below. 

Ab, mighty Love, that it were Inward Heat 
Whkfa made thi« pretloos Lymbeck iweat I 

But what, alas, ah what doea it avail 

Tbat ibe weepa Tean to wmd'nnu eold, 
Aa Karce the Asae's hoof can hold. 

So cold, tbat I admhc they EaU not Halle. 


Joyntore, Portion, Oold, Estate, 
Honaea, Honihold-snifle, cff Ij 

(The Low Canvtniencies of Pate) 
AreOraek, no Ijncn midcnuu 

Paidon'i hallfe bUad, nor can endure 
Tbe careful], ■cniplooi Eyet, 

Or dw I could not love, t 'me sure, 
One irtio in Love were wise. 

Mat. in sncb tempests loM tbout, 
wnn, withont giiefe at paloe. 

Cast an tludr good* and riclies out, 
~ ■ Ir Port to gaine. 

As well might Martyrs, wbo do choose 

That sacied Death to take, 
Mourn for the Clothes which they must loose. 
When they 're bound naked Co the Stake. 

(SuspecUd to Love her,) 

THY Mayd? ah. God some nobler theme 
Whereon thy doubts lo place ; 
Nor by a low suspect btaxpheme 
Tbe glori e* of thy face. 

Alai, she makes Thee shine so bire 

So exqaiihely talght, 
That hcT dim Lamp must dlMppear 

Before thy potoit Light. 

Three hours eaeh motoe In dreatiag Thee, 

Maliciontly are spent \ 
And make thai Beaoty Tyranny, 
, Tbat s else a CiTiU GovemmenL 

Is bat a baibanMU rtdll ; 

Tff Uke the poya'nlng of a Dan 

Too ^it be&re to kiU. 

Hie Uinistring Angelli none can see ; 

lis not tbdr beaaty 'or &ce. 
For which by men they worshipt be ; 

Bat tbdr hi^ office and their place. 

Thoa art my Goddesie, my Saint, Sbee ; 
I piay to Her, onely to pray to Theei 


A little pufTe of breath we find. 

Small fires can qaench and kill ; 

Bat when Ihcy 're great, the advene w 
Does make them greater ttHL 

Bat strah I 'me Jnst tha same ; 

hu, th' aflect most needs be aoeh 

Of Cntttag tbmt)^ a Flame. 

d by Google 



COnw, Doctor, lue thj rou(heii u 
Tbou cuut Ekot cniell prove : 
Cut, bume, and torture erery Fail. 
To heal nc of my Lore. 

There i* no dsnger. ir the pain 

Should me lo 'a Feavn bring ; 

Compar'd with Heaii I now luttain, 
A FcTOur la lo Cool ■. tbiog, 
(Like drink which feaveriih mea deilit) 

Hut 1 ihookl hope 'twould almost quench mjp Fire. 


ASK me not wluU mj Lore shall doe or be 
(Lore which ii Soulc lo Body, and Soute of n 
Wheu I am separated (rom thee ; 
Alas, I might u eaiily show, 
What »^ Death the Soule vrill doc. 
*TwiU tait, I me sure, ud th« b aU we kDOW. 

Tlie thing call'd soule will Ewver stlrre nor man. 
But an that while a llTdeue Caroute (Xttn, 

For 'tki the Bodj of my Love ; 

Not that my Love will By away. 
But stm continue, ai they wy. 
Sad troubled Qbosts about their Graves doe ttray. 

I Chose the flouri'shli^'it Tree in hU the Psike, 
With freshest Boughs, and foirest head ; 
I «at my Love into his gentle Barke, 

And In three dayei. behold 'lis dead 1 
Uy ve^' wiitten Flames so vi'olent be. 

They 've burnt and wither d up the Tree. 

How should I live my lelfe, whose heut is found 

r>eeply graven every whne. 
With the large History of many a wound, 

Larger then thy Tmnke can beare? 
With art as nrmnge, as Homer in the Nut. 

Love in my Heart has Volumes put. 

What a few words from thy rich stock did take 

The Leaves and Beautia all 1 
As a HToag Polsou with one drop doe* make 

The Nalles and Halres lo laU : 
Lore (I see now) a kind of Wllcbcraft ii. 

Panloo, yee Birds nod Nympha, who lov'd tUa S 

And pMdoo met. thoa tcDtls Ttve \ 
1 thoofhl bs name woold tbee bare happ^ made. 

Ala*, pocre Youth, thy lo 

Thli blasted Treap 
Goe lie the dlsmall Knot (why shoaUst tboa li*cr) 

And by the Liiut tbou there hoM writ 
Defonn'dly banging, the sad Picture be 

To that nnhidiy Historic. 


''¥^18 n ttnnfe Usde of Ignorance lUt in yon ! 

A That yoa yoiv Vktoriea should not spy, 

Victorki goltra by yew Eye 1 

TlM your brlghi bcanes, a) tho«E of ComMs do*, 

Sbonki kill, bat not know How, mr Who. 

Tliat wily you my Idoll might nppeaie. 

Whiln all the People smell and see 

The odorous flames I oRer tbee. 
Thou ili'si, and dost not tee, nor sndl, nor lieue 

Thy oouMant seakms worshipper. 

Fair loGdell I by i4>ai unjust decne 
Must t, who with mch reatkne can 
Would make this irmh to tbee ^penie. 

Must L who pceacb it, and pray for it, bee 
Damn'd by thy buaedulitle ? 

I by thy Vnbeliefe am guiltlesie slaine. 
O have but Faith, and thai that you 
May know that Faith for to be true. 

It shall It selfe by 'a Miracle maintaine, 
And raise me bom the Dead againe. 

Ueane while my Hopes may seem to be otetbrowae, 

Bui Lovers' Hi^ies are fidl of Ait. 

And thus dispute, ths4 ttnoe my Heart, 
Though In thy Brest, yet is not t^ thee koowM, 




COine let '■ go on, where Loie and Yonlh doei call ; 
I've Men too much, if lh[i be all. 
Alu, ho» la moiE weallby inigfat I be 
With a oooteDled Ign'oraat-Povenie? 

To shew such stores, and nothing gram, 
U to enrage and vex my Want. 
For Love to dye an Infant's lesser ill. 
Than to live long, yet lire in Child-hood stlU. 

We bave both me eaiiDg only liitberto. 

As Man and Wife in Pictute do. 
The richest crop sf Jiy is still behind, 
And He who only Sees, in Love is blind. 
So at first Pigmalioa lov'd. 
Bat Ih' Amour at last improv'd : 
The Statue' it ielf at last a Woman grew. 
And 10 at last, my I>eai, should you do lo 

Beauty to Han \he greatest Torture i*. 

Unless It lead to farther hiist 
Beyond the lyran'oui pleaiurts of the Eye. 
It grows too serious a. Cruellie, 

Unless it Heat, as well as strike ; _ 

I would not. Salasunder-like, 
In searching heats always lo Live desire. 
Bui, like a Martyr, pass lo Heav'o throogb Fire, 

Mark bow the lusty Sun salutes the SpiiDg, 

And gently Itisses every thlog. 
Hi* loving Beams unlock each maiden flower. 
Search all the Treasures, all the Sweets deroor ; 

Then on the Earth with Brid^room-Heat. 

He does EliU new Flowers beget. 
Tlie Sitn bhnself, although aU Eye he be, 
Can find in Love nxxe Pleasure than to see. 


Lo* e made Ifaem Non-sensi 

I apply'd Receipts of Business to 

But HitTloc did tbe pain rea 

A* wen might Men who in a Feaver try, 
Mathematique doubts debate. 

Al well niigbl meu, who mad in daikneas ly. 
Write the Dispatches ot a Stale. 

1 trj'd in Wine to drown the mighty care ; 

But Wine, alas, was Oyl lo th' Fir& 
LJke DniDlmrds' Eyes, my troubled Fancy Iberc 

Did double the Detlre. 

I iry'd what Minh and Gaiety would do. 

Nay, Ood forgive me for't, at last I try'd 

'Gainst this some new desire lo stir. 

And lov'd again, but 'twai where I espy'd. 

The Physick made me worse with which I strove. 

This Mortal III t' expel ; 
As wholesome Medicines the Disease- baprove. 

There where they work not well. 

SHE Loves, and si 
Then 's then al last, no more lo d 
The happy work's entirely done \ 
Enter the Town which thou hast won ; 
The Fruits of Conquest now b^in ; 
IS Triumph I Enter in. 

Whai "s this, ye Gods, what can il be? 

Remains there still an Enemle? 

Bold Honour stands up in the Gale. 

And would yet Capitulate ; 

Have I o'recome all real Foea, 

And shall this Pbantome me oppose t 


Noisy Nothing I stalking Shade I 
By what Witchcraft vrert thou made ? 
Empty cause of Solid barnu I 
But I shall find out Connter-Channs 
Thy airy Devi'lsbip to maove 
Prom this Circle here of Lore. 

Sure I shall rid my self of Tbee 
By the Night's of«curity. 
And obscurer seoesie. 
Unlike lo every other sprighl, 
Thou aiiempt'st not men i' aftighi. 
Nor vpeaj'st but in the Light 




■^ Cojn'd umI m 

Cojn'd umI (Hrap'd bf ModcMt*. 
TbODgh fraa tlij TonfiH nc'n lUpt ta 
Om word whicA NoM at (h' Alar ntlgbt not mf : 
Yet (Ddi a iwcctneu. nuta ■ pac* 
In all thy ipecch appear. 
That what (o th' Eye a beaateoui buc. 
Thai ibT Tonpw \t lo ih" Ear. 
So cunningly H wounds Ihe heart, 
It Mnka iiich hm ihroDiti eiaj pan, 
That (bou « TetnplCT wono than Satao art. 

Thooiib ia thj thoti|litt Mwo* aaj traoki ham Ub, 
So much ai ofOrigiml Sin, 
Such cbuTO Ih; Beauty — a n ai ml^t 
DMfrei, la ijag coak« Salsu odtc 
Thou whb (tnngc Adulterje 
Don in each lireaM a Brothel keep : 
Awake, all Uen do Inn for tbae, 
And tame mjor thee when they ilecp. 
Ne'er before did Woman lire. 
Who to nch Multitade* did gl-n 
Tba Root and cauic of Sin, bat ooly Era, 

Hioach In thy bieejt to qukk a Ptiy be, 
Tbat a Flie'i Dealh'i a wound to ihee. 
Though nvagE, and rock-heaited (bote 
Appear, that weep not n'n Romances' woci. 
Y« ne're before wai Tyrant known. 
Whose rage was of so large eileni ; 
The Ulj tbon doit are trtiole thine own, 
Tbon 'rt Principal and laitnimeol ; 
In all the dealhi thai cone from yon, 
You do Ihe irriib Oflkw do 
Of Judge, of TortDTcr, and of Weapon loo. 

Than krrely Immment of angry Fate, 
Which God did for otu faulu create I 
Thou Pleasant, Unirertal III, 
WUch sweet u Health, yet like a Plagn* doM UU I 
TbMi kind, well-natund Tyrannie I 
tbon chute Commiller of a Rape I 
Tbou voluntary Deslinie, 
Which no man can, or Would ocape 1 
So gentle, and 10 glad to ^lare. 
So wondrous good, and woadnnu bir, 
(We know) ev'n the Dettroying Angels are. 


Skt. TlTHal ban we done? what cnul panion 
VV Din'dtbai^ 

Thns to rane her Aal lord thee } 

Thy Self the rlchci now } 
Shame enooeod* the sban-l)*'d ptaaaa 
So BDsa ii apant, and gcM, this iky I 

Ht. We hare done no harm : nor was it Thefi i 
Bui noblest Charity in Thee, 
in Uke wdlgotlcn Pleasure 
Safe in mj mem'oty Treasor* ; 

What though Hie Flower It ictf do wan. 
The Eiwnoe Irom It drawn, does kwg aad si 

Sht. No : I'n undone ; my Haoeo' TImm bast 
And nothinj; can restore't again. 
Art and Labour to bestow. 
Upon the Carcaie of it now. 
Is but t' embalm a body dead. 
The Flgnte may tanatn, the Lila and B 

Ht. Ne<r«r. my dear, was Hooour yet usdoeK. 
By Lore, bat Indiacratloa. 
To th' wise it all tUnga does allow ; 
And carei not What we do ; bat Hov. 

Like Tapen ihnt In em ImI Uraa, 
Unlets ii let in air. for em aUnesand bat 

Skt. Tbou first potapa who didst the halt ooamil. 

Will make thy wicked boast of it. 

For Mbi, with Roman Kda, abon 

The Conquect, do the Trimnph lore : 

Nor think a pertaet Vlttory gain'd, 

Uokai th^ through the sticcta thdr Captive lea 

Whoe're his secret Joys ha* open laid. 

llie Baud to his own Wfc is mads. 

Beside what boast Is left for me. 

Whose whole wealth's a Gift &ain Thee i 

1u you the Canqoerour are, 'tis you 

Who have not ta'ne, but bound, andg^g'dmi 

And though bir, yet the FVuit appeMs, 
That Worm wbidi now die Can does w 
When long 't has gnaw'd wHUn wfn break III 



And thou la pity didn ^>plf 
Tie kind and only remedy : 
Tbe C«ue ibwlvei ibe Crime ; sim 
So mJghly Force did move, (o mighty 

Skt. Cone on tblne Am I methinki I KaM tbee 
And yet I'm nm I lore TbK loo I 
I'm angry, bal my wratb will (hots 
More Innocent than did thy Love. 
Thou hast tbli day undone me qnlle : 
Vet will trndo me more shoold'il thou not ( 


Verses lost upon a Ws^er. 

AS looD hereafter wQl I Wagert lay. 
'GebM «)»t an Oiacle iball lay ; 
Fool, that I wu, to venture to deny 

A Tongue so os'd to Vktory I 
A Tongne «o bleM by Nature and by An. 
That nnar yet b ipoke bat gain'd an Heart : 

Though what you aaid, had not been tnie 

If apolce by any else but you. 

Yoor Sp«ech wiQ govon Daitiay. 
And Fate will dianga ratbn than you ilioald ly. 

'TIs true if Human Reason were tbe Guide, 
Reason, methinki, was on my Bide ; 

Bat that's a Guide, alas, we must resign, 
When th' Anthority's Divine. 

Error the Name of Blindness bne. 
For whatsoe're tbe Question be, 
Tbcn's DO Han that baa eyes would bet for Me. 

If Tntth h self (as otbs Angeb do 

When they descend to humane view) 
In a Malolal Taaa would dalgn to shine, 

Twould imitate or bocrow Thine, 
So daiting bright, yet so transparoit clear. 
So well-proponioD'd would tbe pans appear ; 

Happy the ey« which Trulh could see 

Qoath'd in a shape Uke Thee, 

Bat tuqipier Ui the eye 
Which coold thy shape naked like Truth etpy I 

Vet this lost wager costs me nothing more 
Than whu I owed to thee before. 

Who would not rcDtnre for that debt to play 
Which He were bound bowe'rc lo pay ? 

If NatutE gave me powgr lo write In vcne. 
She gave it me thy praises to reherse. 
Thy wondiODS Beauty and thy Wit 
Has sacb a Sovereign Right to it, 
Tint no Man's Muse for pubUck vent li free, 
"Till she has paid her Cuitoois inl to Thee. 

Sathing in tfu River. 

And with as much ease might taken ba. 

As she at fim took me. 

For i»'er did Ll^t so clear 

Among the waves appear, 
Tbougti evay night the Sun himself set there, 


Why to Mote FMi sbould'st thon thy sdf discover. 

And not to me thy DO less silent Lovar ? 

As some from Men thdr burled Gold commit 
To Gbosu that have no use of U I 
Half tbeir rich Treasure* *a 
Maid* bury ; and for ought we know 

(Poor Ignorants) they're Mermaids all below. 

The amorous Waves would fain about htf stay. 
But still new nm'rous wave* drive them away. 
And with swifi Current to those joys they haste, 
ThMdoas swiftly waste ; 

Kiss her, and as yoa part, you am'rons Waves 
(My happer Rivals, and my Fellow SJavei) 
P<^t to your flow'iy Banks, and to her shew 
The good your Bounties do ; 
Tivea teD her wtaat your Piide doth cost. 
And, bow your Use and Bnuly's lost. 
When rig'rons Winter binds you up with Frost. 

Tell ha, ber Beantiei and her Youth, like tbae, 
IlB*te without stop to a devouiing Sea ; 
Wbere they will mlm and gndlstlngulth'd lye, 

With all the meanest thingB that die. 

As in the Ocean thou 

No Privilege doat know 
Above tb' impureat Streams that thltbcf flow. 

Tell her, kind Flood, when this ha* made her sad, 
I'ell her tbercTs yet one Rem'edy to be bad ', 
Show her how thoti, Ihough long siaoe pad, doM find 
Thy self yet stlU bdimd. 



HuiiVB (Mr to tier) wfD brtsf 

IT li enoa(ti : eooogh or lime, ud paine. 
Hut thou coniuni'd In rajne ; 
Lave, wretched Cowte;, leave 
Tbr leile wilh ibadowei to deccara ; 
Think that Klroidjr loit wbich thou muil twro- guoe. 

Re«ah« then ob h, end br force or art 

Frse thj nnlucky Heart ; 

Since Fale doe* disappro** 

Til' ambltlofi of thf Lore, 
And not one Scarre in Haa/D oSen to take thy pnn. 

It Dc're ihaD wando more aboQt, 
Tbo' Iboiuand beanUej cali'd It oat : 
A L««er Bnai Uke mcc for ercr dreult ih« feTL 

The Poc, the Flafne, and ei'ry uaaS illw. 

Maj oorae ai oft ai ill Fate pleaac. 

Bui Dentil aiid Lore are nem tannd 

To ftre a wtaaoA Wound ; 
Wea'ie by ibcaa Serpenti Ut, but vee're dom 

Alai. trtkal Comron li 'I ihat I ai 
Secmof be'biKi 
Since raeh an Edobj needi not fean 
Lett KUf die ibonld qnula- iliere. 

Who hat not ool; tadtt, bat qoiie bi 

Itutead of the Author's Picture in tbe begin- 
ning, I thought fit to fix here the follow- 
ing Copy of Verses, being his owne 
illustration of his Motto, &nd (as I con- 
ceive) the more lively representation of 
him. [This ftvms the opening poem of 
the next division, 'Miscellanies' (Grom 
1647 text.>-G.] 





Digitized by GoOt^le 


TUESt ' MiKcUaitio' are from the Author's own folio ot 1656, u with 

those of 'The Mistress' not included in its original and eariy texts. Tbe 
whole of than appeared in the after folios and other editiont. See our 
Introduction on several of them. As in the folios, the ' Auurreontiqocs ' 
have been made part of the ' MiscelUnies.'~G. 




Tentanda via est qua me quoque possim 
ToUere humc, vicUn-gue vtrum volUare ptr era. 

JtiAT thilt I do to be for em knowne. 
And make the Age to come m; owne 7 
I ihaU like Beuu or ComnDn People dj, 

UnlcMe roQ write mine Eleg7 : 
Whilit Dthen great by being bome are growne ; 

Their Mother's Labour, noi their owne. 
In thii Scale Oold, in th' otbet Fame does Ij ; 

The weight of that mounts Ibii so bigh. 
These Hen are fortune's Jewels, moulded bright ; 

Brought foith with ib^ owne lirt aikd light. 
If I, her ralgv stone, for either looke ; 

Onl of m; lelfe It must be strooke. 
Yet I mmt on ; what lonnd Is't strike* iniiw care 7 

Sura I Fame'* Trumpet beare. 
It tounds like the last Trumpet ; for H can 

Raise up the buried Man. 
Unpasi Alps stop mee, but I'le mt through all ; 

And maicli, the Muses' HannibaH. 
Henoe, all jt fiatteiing Vanities that lay 

Nets of Roses In the way. 
Hence, the desire of Mosnurs or Estate ; 

And bD that i> not above Fate. 
Hence, Lore bhnselfe, that Tyrant of my Dayea. 

Which Inteniepts my coming Praisev 
Come my best Friends, my Bookes, and lead me on ; 

Tis time that I were gone. 
Welcome, gnat Slagiritc. and teach me now 

AH I was bome to know. 
Tby Schoier's Victories thou doest Ear out-doe : 

He conquered th' Earth, the whole World you. 
Welcome leamd acero, whose bleat Tongue and Wit 

Preaenes Rome's Greatnesse yet. 
Ihon an the Gm of Or'ttlors ; only bee 
* Who best an prajse tbee, next must bee. 
Wdcome the Mantuan Swan, Virgil the wise ; 

Wbo*« Verse waJkes bigbest, but not flies ; 
Who brought green Poesie to her perfect age. 

And mad'st that Art, which was a Rage. 
Ten mee, yee inigbly Three, what iball I doe 

To be like one of you } 
Bat you have climb'd the Moontaine'i top, there lit 

On the cabne flourishing bead of It, 
And whilst with wearied steps we inward goe, 

Ses nt, and Clouds below. 


TEll me, O tell, what kinde of thing is Wir. 
Thou who Afiultr an of it. 
Fw the First Matter loves Variety less ; 
Leas Women love 'I. dlher in Love or Dress. 
A tfaoniand different shapes it bears. 
Comely In thousand shapes appears. 
Yondo- we saw it plain : and here 'lis now. 
Like Spirits )n a Place, we know not How. 

London tiial vents of &lse Ware so much itoie. 

In no Ware deceives us more. 
For men led by the Coiom', and tbe Shape, 
Like Zeuie's Birds, fly to tbe painted Graft; 
Some things do through our Judgement pn: 
As through a Multiplying Gloss, 
And aometimes. if the Object be too far. 
We lake a FalUng Meteor for a Star. 


Henee 'tis a Wil that greatest word of Fame 
Grows socb a conimoa Name, 

And Witi by our Creation tbey become. 

Just so, as 'Titular BUiops made at Rome. 
'TIS not a Tale, 'tisnot ajeat 
Admir'd with Laughter at a feast. 

Not florid Talk whidi can thai Title gain : 

Hie Piuob of Wit for ever must remain. 

Tis not to force some Ilhle&s Verses meet 
With their five gowly Feet. 

All every where, like Man's. muM be the Sod. 

And Reason tbe Inferior Powers controuL 
Such were tbe Numbers which could call 
The Stones into the Tbebon WalL 

Stidi Miracles are ceast ; and now we see 

No Towns oi Houses rais'd by Poetrie. 

Yet 'tis not to adorn, and gild each part ; 

That shows more Con, thsi Art. 
Jewels at Note and lips but ill appear ; 
Rather thai all tfaingt Wit, let none be there. 



Sennl LlffaU win not be m 

'Til not wben two like wordi nike up MM noJie ; 

Jeus for Duldi Men, and EogUdi Boyi. 
In which who iindi out Wit, ibe mat xaxj tee 
, Id Aotcnins and AcnatJquei, Poelrte. 
\ Much leu can ihal have any place 

Al which a Virgin bides bet lace ; 
Sodi Drou the Fite mual purge atfajr ; 'lis Just 
The Auihot blush, there wben the Reader must. 

Tis not such Lines as almost crad the Stage. 

When Bajaiet begins ID lagc 
Nor a latl Metaphor in lb' Oxford war. 
Not the dry chi[is of ihort-lunged Seneca. 

Not upon all things (o obtrude, 

And force lome odd Simililudc. 
What is il Iben, which Uke the Power DiTine 
We onelj can by Negaliva define t 

'In a true piece of Wit all things imul be. 

Yet all [hings there agree. 
As in the Arii. Joyn'd wiihoul force nr strife. 
All Creatures dwell ; all Creatures that had Lire. 

Or as the Primiiiiw Forms of all 

(If we compaie great things with small) 
Which wilboul Discord or ConfiisloD lie. 
In that strange Mirror of the Ddtie. 

But Love that moulda One Mao op out of Two, 

Makes me foiget and injure rou. 
I took you for my self sire, when I Ihou^it 
That you in any thing were to be Taught. 

Correct my Error with thy lYn ; 

And if any ask me tlwn. 
What thing right Wit, and beighl ti Oenku li. 
1 11 onely shew your Line*, and say, 'Tis this. 

To the Lord Falkland. 

For hit safe Return from the Noithera 

Expedition agaittst /Af S C O T S. 

GReat is thy Charge, O North ; be wise and just. 
England commits her Falkland to (hy tnui ; 
Return him safe : Learning would raths- choose 
Her Bodley, or her Vatican to lose. 
All things Ihal ore but writ or printed there. 
In his unbounded Breaai engraven ar^ 
There all the Sciences together meet. 
And ev'ry Art does all her Kindred {preet ; 
Yet juslle not, dot quarrel ; but as well 
Agree as in some common Principle. 

So in an Anny gorcfaed right, we lae 

( Thoogh out of seven! CountTcyi nis'd It be) 

That all their Onto- and tb^ Place ~'-"™. 

The Englitb, Dntcb. the Frmchmen and the D>bb. 

So thomand divna Speoea fill the aire, 

Yet neilber crowd oar nix coofia'dly ihsw ; 

Beasu, Housea, Tnei. and Hen togcthrs lye. 

Vet cDler nndistnrb'd iKo the Bye; 

And this great Prince of Knowledge is by Fate 
Thrust Into ih' mise and builDeas of a Stale. 
\\\ Virtues, and •ooe Custans o( the Coon. 
Oiho- men's Labour, are at least his ^Mrt. 
Whilst we who can so Action ondenake. 
Whom Idleneu il leK mlghl Learned make, 
\^'ho hear of noibhig. and as yel Karce know 
Whether the Scou in England he or ira. 
Pace dully on, ol^ tire, and oAen stay. 
Vet see his nimble Pegasus fly away. 
'Tis Nature's fault, who did ibui partial grow. 
And her Euaie of Wit on One bolow. 
Whilst we. like ]K>UDger Brothers, get al best 
But a small Stock, and mull work ont the resL 
How could he answer 't. should the Stale think fit 
To question a Monopoly of Wit? 

Such is tbe Man whom we require, the same 
We lent the North ; unloucbt as is his Fame. 
He is too good for War. and ou^t to be 
As lar from IDangs, as from Fear he 'a free. 
Those Men ak>ne (and those an useAil too) 
Whose Valour is the ooely Art they know, 
Were fOT sad War and bloody Battels bora ; 
Lei Them tbe Slate defend, and He adtwn. 

On the Death rf Sir Henry Wootton. 


THat shall we tay, since silent now Is He, 
Who when be Spoke, all things would Site 
Who bad BO many Languages In store. 
That onely Fame shall apak of hJm in More I 
Whom England now no more relum'd must see \ 
He 's gene to Heaven on his Fourth Amhasste. 
On ^Jth he iravell'd often ; not to say 
H' ad been abroad, ot passte loose "nme awsy. 
In whatsoever L^nd he chanc'd to come. 
He read the Men and Manners, bringing home 
Thdr Wisdom, Learning and their Plelie, 
As if be went to Conquer, not to See. 
So well he understood the most and best 
Of Tongues Ihal Babel seni into the West, 
Spoke them so truly, that he had (you 'd swear) 
Nol only Uved, hul been Bom ev'ry where. 
Justly each Nation's Speech to him was known. 
Who for Ibe World was made, not us alone. 
Nor ought the Language of that Man be less 
Who in his Breast had all things to express. 
We say thai Learning's endless, and hiame Fate 
Fot not allowing Life a longer Dale. 




He did Ibe ulmoM Boonds of Knowledge findc 

He found them not fo lu^e u wu hta Minds. 
But, like the brave PelkEan Youth, did mone 
fiecaiue Ihal Ail had no mote vorldi than One. 
And when be snr Ihal be through >U bad paM. 
He dy«d, lett be itaould Idle grow at latt. 

On ikt Death of Mr. Jordan. 
Steond Master at Westminster School. 

HEnce, and make room tot me, all 700 who come 
Ondy to nad tbe Epiuph on tUt Tombe. 
Here l)e» the Muter of my tender Yean, 
Tbe Guardian of my Parenti' Hope and Fean ; 
Wboie GoTernment oe're ilood me in a Teue ; 
All weeping was reamed to spend [l hert 
Come bilber, all who hit me vinues knew, 
And mouin wtib He ; he was your Tutor too. 
Let's iojrn oar Sighes, 'tin th^ lijr tti, and diew 
Hi> natire Belgia irtiat she's now to doe. 
The Leagneof grief bids ha with nxlamint: 
By ha be was brought forth, and hither lent 
In payment of all Men ve there bad lost. 
And all tbe English Blood those wan have coH. 

I Wisely did Nature this kain'd Man divide ; 
Hit Birth wu Theirs, his Death the mouretal pride 
Of England : and t' avoid tbe envioui mUe 
Of other I^nds, all Europe had bis life. 
But we in chief ; our Countrey soon was grown 
A Debtor more to Him, then He t'his Omm. 
He pluckt from youth the lollies and the dimes. 
And built up Men agalnsl the fnture time). 
For deeds of Age are in their Causes then, 
And though be taught but Boyi, be made the Meu. 
Hence 'twas, a Master in those ancient dajea. 
When Men sought Knowledge &nt, and bf it Praise, 
Was a thing full of Kevsence. Profit, Fame ; 
Fatho' it selfwBs but a Second Name. 
He scom'd the proHt ; his Instructions aii 

Were like the Science, Free and Liboal. 
He deierv'd Honors, bat desfrised them too 

As much as those who have them, otheis do. 

He knew not thai which Complement they call ; 

Could Flatter none, bnl Himself least of aJL 

So true, so faithful, and so just, as be 

Was nought on Earth, but his own Memoiie. 

His Memory, where all things written were 

As sun and tax as In Fate's Books (hey are^ 

Thus be in Arts so vast a treasun galn'd. 

Whilst sUU the Use came In, and Stock remain'd. 

And having purcbas'd all that man can know. 

He labor'd with't to enrich others now. 

Did thus a new and harder task mitaln. 

Like tbOH that work in Mines for olhera' gain. 

He, though more nobly, had much more to do ; 

To search the Vein, dig, purge, and mint it too. 

Though my Excuse would be, I must confess. 

Much better, hwl his DiHgence bees leas. 

But if a Muse berealler smSe (m me. 
And say. Be thon a Poet, Men shall see 
That none could a more giatefol Scholar have ; 
For what I ow'd his Ljfe, I 'U pay hit Grave. 

Oh his Majesties Hetum ok/ ^Scotland. 


rsicome, gieai Sir, with an the Joy that's due 
To the Return of Peace and Voo. 

Two greatest Blessings whldi this age can know ; 

For that to Thee, (or Thee to Heaven w« ow. 
Othss by war tbdr Conquests gain, 
You like a God your ends obtain ; 

Who when rude Chaos for his help did call. 

Spoke but the Word, and sweetly Order'd aH 

This happy Concord in no Blood Is writ. 

None can grudge faeaven full thanks for IL 
No Motben here lament their Children's Fate^ 
And Uke tbe Peace, but think it comes too late. 
No Widows bear the Jocond Bells, 
And take them for their Husbands' Knelli. 
Xo drop of Blood i* t^ which might be said 
To aaA our joyful Holiday with Red. 

'Twat only Heaven amid work this wond'rotu thing. 

And onely woA't by mdi a King. 
Again tlie Northern Hiedet may aing and plow. 
And fear no Harm but irom tbe weather now. 
Again may Tradesmen love their pain. 
By knowing now for whom they gain. 
Hie Armour now may be bung up to sght. 
And onely b tbdr Halls the Children &i^it 

The gain of Clril wars will not allow 

Bay to tbe CoiKptaac'% Brow. 
At such a Game what fool would ventme la. 
Where one must lose, yet neither Sde can win t 

How justly would our Nelghbotsi smile 




How was the sUver Tina frighted befote. 
And dui¥t not kin tbe armed ibore t 
His waten ran more swiftly then they use. 
And hasted to the Sea to tell the New*. 
The Sea it self, bow rough soere 
Could scarce believe such fury here. 
How could tbe Scots and we be Enemies grawne P 
Thai, and its Master Charls. had made us One. 



N« Bkod lo load ai that of CMI wn ; 
ll olb (or Dkngvi ftna •(«. 

Lbi '■ nutter fo. ■nd mk out Thna, and Fame ; 

Thtu our Pore-l*lher( |ot, Ibu left ■ Name. 
All IheiT rich bkwd mi ipeal witli lalni, 
Bnl Ibal vhioh iwelli tbcir Children i Vein*. 

Wfa; ill WE >liI1, our Sp'rili wrapt up in Lewi? 

Not like tbem whllH itiejr Ll>cd, but dow Iber're Dead 1 

So a bold Lyoo, ere be H«ki Ui jgtj. 

To He a aew Ctutavoi tbva? 
How wo«dd llihaka, ttMi«k n 'twM wool ID 4n 
For JoTe of old, it now boa Thunder too I 

Sura there are actloni ol thii bdghl and prate 

Deillned to Charli hli dayi. 
What win the Triumphi olhii Batleb be; 
WbOic nT7 Peace it lelt I* Vlctorie ? 

When Heaven beitow* tbe beM of Kiqi, 

It bM* tw think of miihlr thingi. 
Hli Valour, U^Klom, OApfIng ipeak no In* ; 
And we, ibc PiopbeU' Som. write not br Goen. 

On the Death ^ Sir Anthony Vandike, 
Tlufamwm PuHtcr. 

VAndike ii dead ; bat what Bold Moie ihall date 
(Tbougti Poeii in that ward with Painleti ibaic) 
T expreu her ladncu ? Po'eiie man becmne 
An Art, like Painting here, an Art that 'i Dumbe. 
Lei 'i all our lolenin frief In dlence keep. 
Like lonie tad Picture wTiich be made to weep. 
Or ihoK who law 't ; Tor none his worki could view 
Unmoired with Ibe lame Paiiioni which he di«w. 
Hii E>iecei to with th^ lt*c Obfect* Mrluc, 
That bolb or Piduret treat, at bath Alive. 
NaiQR henetfaWMed, docs donbtlnf Hand, 
Which ii her «wn. and which Aa PnlBMr'i Hand. 
And doei altoapl iha 'Uke witta len mnrii. 
When her oi - - 


The mimick hnac-iy of LooUoc-Glaia. 
Nor was hii LJ(e less perfect then hli An, 
Nor was his Hand less errlnf ibeo bit Heart. 
There wai no falae, or fadlaf Celoor Ibse. 

Mom other men, let neat to him In via*, 
Appear'd mnre ihadowi than th' Hen ha ifm. 
Tbui itiU he Uved, 'till bcavta did tor Ub gd. 
Where reverend Lake MloM hla fi(«to(.all ; 
Where ba bafaotdi new ii|hu, dhdaolr tate ; 
And could aliDoat U« PtodldBc : 

CM b« Mt fla«r Ma bo* all iMifi (Mm 
WoMtaonllr painwd la Iba Mind DMoe, 
WMbI be, far aw lavlahl widilbc ilnw. 
Seoni Uaowa An wlM> wa adaika below 
Ondr hi* baaoMMB Ladr Mffl be knoB : 
(Tb* Lov« of bcBvtaJr Otitect* Ha 
He tee* bt%ht Aagdi In pui« bra 

And ron. Mr Widow, who itaji hoe aSve. 
Shoe be *o much re j orce*. oeaae to (lievK 
Voor )or* aod gilef i wcr 

Proroetheat »V/«niAiiC 


OW « 

WbflK ha hi* S«wad Uta'ry wttn tara I 
Drew Urn ao more, leal ai be tonar'd alaada, 
He Mame (Rat Jovu* !■« ibM the Patour'* JmmI*. 
It would tba Vullur'i crudly Ool-fo, 
If ooea ataln hia Llvw thai iboold grew. 
Phr hlB. Jove, and bl> boU Than •Dew ; 
The FUmei h« MMa Male frqn lliee fBBt Mb M«. 


Ere'l to dwe, DM ; At* iMstn* L 
Pledge me. 017 Friend, and lA (1 
II iparklet briylitv far then 4>e : 
"Tb pun and ilfhl wkboM deoelte ; 
And laeh no woonn ere wU be : 
No ; ihey an all Sophbaleale. 

If Sin? 
That Venui' Jofi as well as ahe 
With ReoKm maf be mM to be 
Fron tba oiilectad Foam dta t vad. 

Whouiwonld that palpwd Toy.* Beaniy,* 
Whom VKMld it e'er permadc ta oonrt aadi 
COold a waooo'i Hean bave •■«. 
(Bui, Ob, no Llcht d^i ihitkraoBa) 
And view'd her peiieel^ wtthlB, 
Whea be lay diot op in htr wmbf 



Nritbw ibdr itghi nor Tsan in tn 
ThoH idely blow, thaw iddy tall. 
NothlDg like to oun u dL 
Bot SlstMS ud Tean teve Sexet to 

Here's to thee agaio : thy seniekn nnowi i 
Ltt tha Gkis walk, 'till all ihiag* loa go low 
Again : 'till tbeu Two UgbU be Four ; 
No error here ^ui ctaLD^eraiu pnjve \ 
Thy Passion, Man. deceived Ibee man : 
None Double k« like Men in LoM. 



Friendship in Abstnet. 
J.. -W'"^ 1. 
HEN chance at cruel Budnen paru n 

What do OUT Souls 1 wonder do? 

Whilst sleep does our dull Bodtei tie, 

Methinks. at home they should not May, 

Content with Dreams, but boldly llle 

Abroad, and meet each other half the way. 

Sore they do meet, enjoy cscli otbet Oieie. 
And mil t know not How, or Where. 
There friendly Ljghu together twine. 
Tbongh we perceive 't not to be so, 
IJke laving Stan which oft combine. 

-Twere an iU WorU I'll sweau', im er^liim 
If Distance could their Union ad : 
But Love it sdf does far advaMie 
Above the Pow'r of Time and Space ; 

Hli Hme's for ever, ev'ry wfaoe hii Pkce. 

I am tbae wldi Tbae, yet here wHh UeTfconai 

Lodg'd in each other's Heart. 

Hlmclei cease not yet in Lore : 

When be his roiibty Power will try. 

Absence it leU does Bounieoni piDva, 
And itrBDgely even our Presence Multiply. 

Pmt is the Same of Friendihip, and dMne 

Like thai which In Heaven's Sun doet ihine 

Like he in th' upper ayr and sky 

Does no effecu Of Heat bestow, 

But as his Beams the hrther fly 
He b«geu Warmth, Ule. Beauty ber» bdnw. 

For when we Friends togetho see 
So much, so mutdt Both Ona do (Hora, 
That their Love then seens htit Sdf-Lon to bi 

Each Day think oo me, and cMh Day I sUl 
For thee make Hours CaaoolcaL 
By ev'ry Wind that comes this war. 
Send me at least a sigh or two ; 
Such and so many I'll ffuj. 

As shall thenudiia sake Wiadt to t«t 10 fotk 

A tboosand pRMy ways «■ 

Alas, ten thousand will not do ; 

My Heart will thus no looger slap; 

No longer 'iwiU be kept from yoa. 

Bat knocks aj[ainst the Breast to get av^. 

And ii4ien no Art aElbrdB me help or ease, 

I seek with verse ray griefs t' TT™ 

Just as a Bird that flies about 

And beats it self against the C«se. 

Fiading at last no passage out. 
It sits and sags, and so oreeomas lit i«ge. 

To tht Bishep af Lincoln, upon his Eniargh 
maa out of the Tower. 

DArdon, my Lord, that I am come so late 

■*' T* express ay }oy for your retum of Fate. 

So when injurious Chance did you deprive 
I Of Liberty, at first I oould not grieve ; 
I My Thoughts a while, like you, Imjniion'd lay : 

GrtM Joys as wett as Sorrowsmake a Stay ; 
! Tbey hinder one anolhei in the Crowd, 

And none are heard, whilst all would speak aloud. 

Should ev'ry man's offidous gladness hast. 

And be afraid to shew it self the lost, 
I The throng of Gralulations now wouklJK 
I Anctber Loss to you of Ijl^ertie. 
' When of youi freedom men the new* did bcare, 
' Where it was wlaht for, that is enry wfaen ; 

Twas like the Speech whidi from yam Lua does loll. 

As soon OS ii was heard, it ravishi all. 

So Eloqu'ent Tully did irom Exile some \ 

Thns loDg'd for he retuni'd, and ohiaisht Aoine. 

Which could no more his Tongue and Couirsels sals* : 

Rome, the World's Head, was nothing without His. 

Wrong tothosc sacred Ashes I should.-do, 

Should I GOmrwe any W Him bnl Von ; 

You to whom Ait>aad Native did iliif imi 

The "niMhliln of Wit-and Sloqaencft 

Nor did yonii iiate dUfer iram hisiat all, 



For the whole World whlMNU * Mdf* IMMM 

Ii BOthiof but I msoa o( kcgn raooa. 

But Uke ■ mdtliw Wobh taOlv'd Ha 

He. wbo beftn gM-did Ha^uiiia. 

Nor oould hli Sp'rJl owuuuil ud Medfail pn)>c, 

WbOM Act 't bad bees, ud fnaieM end to Move. 

Yon pot 111 Fontue In m rood a dre**, 

That It Mit^bone other man'i Heppioeu. 

Had four P wp ert iy ahnji ckarlf gon 

At Toat liigh Mcriu wMild hanc led li oa. 

Yon 'ad Half bees loM, andaa Ensile iIwb 

Bdi tat tha Happy, the laaH pan of bmb, 

Vonr VW7 Sufl'riiip did w Gnueful riww, 

That •ooM Miaifhl covycd joiir AHUcUoa loo. 

For a dear CoudeDce aad Kvoicli Mind 

la lUi, theb Bn*lMM and Ibdr Olorr Bnd. 

So iboiwh ten worthjr ttooa ere dixnm'd In dgbt. 

The bithfnl Diamocid keepi hli Nall*e Light ; 

And 1> obtig'd to Darkueu loi^nj 

That would be more oppren theo belpl by Day. 

VoD Soul then auw ibew'd htf nnooaqDiT'd power. 

Wal MroDfcr and more armed then the Tower. 

Sore miUade Sue will lonpt yonr Sp'rit do more, 

She 'a> tiyed her Weakncai aod your Strength before. 

To oppoee Urn mU who once hai OinquB'd lo. 

Were dow lo be your IM>el, not your Foe. 

Fonnne bencefortb wiH ntore of Providence ba*e. 

And rather be year Frteod. iben be your Slave, 

To a Lady who made Posies /v- Rings. 

I Little thootht the time woold ever be, 
That 1 ihould VfH la Dwarflifa Podei lee; 
Ai all Word* la few Leilen Uve, 
Tbon to few Wordi all Soue 6cM give 
Two* Natme taught you thii rare art 
In nch a Utile Much lo ibew ; 
Wbo bH the Good she did Impart 
To Womankind Eptiomli'd in yon. 

If ai the Andent* did not donbt to ting, 
The tmnlng Yean be wdl compared to a Ring : 

We'll write irtulere from yon we hear. 

For that '■ the Posle of the Year. 

TUi DUrrenee onely will lanaln, 

That Time hti tdrmo' fvx doei ibew. 

Winding Into himMlf again, 
But your unwearied Wit li alwayi New. 

When we behold your Uaglck here. 
You by your Rlngi do Piii'Dtrs take, 
And Aaia Ibta with your mjHiGk Spel 

They who above do vaijooi Cudea Gad, 
Say like a Ring ih' ieqoator Heana doe* UDd. 
When Heaven ihall he edon'd by thee 
(Which then more Hcav-n then 'tis wB be) 
'Tk tboa mutt write the Posie there. 
For h waoietb ooe ai yet. 
Tboogfa the Son pui tbRN^ ^ twice a y^ 
The Sun •Kho b eneemd the Ood of Wh. 

Happy the Handa wfaidi wear thy Sacred Ri^a. 
Theyllleadi thoee Haadi lo write myttoiona tU^t. 

Lei other Risgi with Jewel* bright 

CaM BTouBd their conly light, 

Let them want no noble Stone 

By Nature rich, and Art refiu'd 

Yet iball Ihy Rlngx give place lo naoe. 
But ondy that which mntt ihy Uuriage bind. 

ffvUgw to tkt GmrdioM, 

B^on the Pritut. 

HO np the Time* do Learning dImBow? 


'Til Uimt : -|wa* never Hooor'd ao u 
When you ^ipear, Gnat Phnoe. oar Night ii docK 
Yob are our Motning Star, and ihall be' oiu' Son. 
Bat oar Scene '» Loodon now ; and by the root 
We poUh, if ibe Round-head* he about. 
For now no omameol Ibe Head must wear, 
No Bay*, no Mitre, not «□ nuKh as Haii. 
How can a Flay pass adely, when ye luo* 
Cbeepiide Croet fUli for oMklng bnt a Show 7 
Oar only Hope li tbll, that It may be 
A Play a»!f paM too, made EnempoteL 
Thongfa other Art* poor and neglected glow. 
They'll admit Poede whldi wa* al^ia^i n. 
But we contemn the tvrj of tttete days. 
And Kom bo laei ihdr Censure Iben Ihdr Prate. 
Our Huie, Blest Prlnoa, doea cody 'on yon rdie -, 
Would gladly Live, bat not refuse to Dye. 
Accept our basly Zeal ; a ttafaig thai 's play'd 
Ere 'til a Play, and Acted oe 'ds Made. 
Our Ignonuce, but our Daly too w« dxnr ; 
1 woald an Ign'rant Pe<q>le wookt do k> I 
Ai other Times expect our Wil or An ; 
Thii Comedy Is Acted by the Heart 

ITu Efiiague. 

THE Play, great Sir, If done ; yet needs onut ftai. 
Though yon bRM«fat all your FatlMr't Mercies here. 
It may ofEaid your Higbneii, and we have now 
Three honra done Treason here, (or ought we know. 
But power your grace can above Nalun give, 
It can give Pow'r lo make Abonlvea Uvei 



In which if OUT bold wlshea ibould be croit, 
"Va but the Lib of one poor week t 'hM loit i 
Though It ihould &11 batealfa ronr mortal Kora, 
Souxx nmld It Dje more quickly then "iwu Botti. 

<3« the Dtaih of Mr. waiiam Hervey. 
Immodids brevti at atas, d* rara Stiieetus. 

T T was a dimml and a feaifnl night ; 
-'' Scarce could the Horo drive on th' uowlllliig IJghl, 
WhcD Sleep, Death's Image, IcA mf troubled tK«*t 

By sometbiDg likcr Death posKM. 
Mf Efei with Tears did aneommanded flow. 

And on my Soul hting the dull weight 

Of Mme IntoleraUe Fate. 
What Bd wai that > Ah me I Too much t know. 


My 11 


Why hoat thov left me thus nnkindely here, 

Thy end for ever, and my Life to moao 1 
O Ibon host left me all alooe I 

Thy Soul and Body, when Death's Agonie 
Besieged around Ihy KdAc Heart, 
Did not with more reluctance part 

Then I. my deareit F>iend, do pait from Thee, 

My dearest Ftimd, would I bad dyed for thee I 
Life and this world henceforth will tetUous be. 
Nor shall I know bareafter what to do 

If once my Griefs proie tedioiu loo. 
Silent and Sad I walk about all day, 

Ai sullen Ghosts Halk speechleas by 

Where their hid Treajuras ly ; 
Alai, my Treasure 's gone, why do I May f 

He was my Friend, the truest Friend on earth : 
A strong and mighty luflurace Joyn'd our Krth. 
Nor did we envy the moat sounding Name 

ij Friendship giTeo of old to Fame. 
None but bis Brethren be, and Sisters knew. 

Whom the kind Youth prefetr'd to Me ; 

And even in that we did agree. 
For nwcb i^ve ray self I lo/d tbem too. 

Say, for yoa saw oi, ye immortal Lights. 
How oft ttn wearied have we spent the Nights ? 
■no tiie Ledteao Stars ao Famed lor Love. 

Wondred at tu from above. 
We ^oit than not in toy>, in lusu, or whie ; 

But search of deep Philosophy, 

Wit, Eloquenee, and Poetry ; 
Arts wUdi I loved, for they, my Frlsid, were Thiae. 

Ye Fidds of Cambridge, our dear Cambridge, say. 

Have ye not seen us walking eveiy day 7 

Was there a Tree about which did not know 
The Love betwixt ni two ? 

Henceforth, ye gentle TMes, for ever fiule ; 
Or your sad Branches thidrer joyoe, 
And into darksome shades combine ; 

Dark as the Grave wherein ray Friend li UM. 

Henceforth no learned Yonlhi beneattb you Sing, 
'Till all the tuneful Birds to your bovrs they bring ; 
No tunelhl Birds play with their wonted chear, 

And call the learned Youths to b^r ; 
No irtdstling Winds through the gbid branches fly, 

Bnl all with sad solannitie. 

Mute and unmoved be, 
Mute as ttie Grave whetebt my Friend does ly. 

To him my Muse made haste with every strain 
Whilst It was new, and warm yet from the Brain. 
He loved my worthless Rhymes, and like a Friend 

Would fitide out somethhig to commend. 
Hence now. my Muse, thou caosl uot me delight ; 

Be Ibis my latest verse 

With whidi I now adorn his Herse, 
And this my Grief, without thy hdp, shall write. 

the FJre, and j(^ to hear 

It rage and oackle there. 
Instead of Bays, crown with sad Cypress me : 

Cypress which Tombs does bsntifie ; 

Not PboBbus grieved u much as I 
For him, who first was made that moumfui Tree. 

Large was his Soul ; as laige a Soul as ere 

Submitted to Inform a Body here. 

High as the Place 'tiras shortly' in Heaven tc 

But low, and bumble as bis Gmve. 
So high, that ail the Virtues there did oome 

As to the chiefest seat 

H« SCOm'd this bu$ie world below, and all 
That we, Mistaken Mcatals, Pleasure call ; 
Was Gll'd with innocent Gallantry and Tnilh. 

Triompbant ore the sins of Youth. 
He like the Stars, to which he now is gone. 

That shine with beams like Flame, 

Yet bum not with the same. 
Had an the Light otYotith, of the F1t« nooe. 



KnowMff* b* oDljr MBght, taa n (dob ouq 
A* iflbr hhn Kao«4ed(e hmd ndMr to^fai. 
Nor dtd man LatnilDf ner aowded Hi 

In nKh • ibon Momditla. 
WheDcra the ikSfal IVsM dinoarM M writ. 

StOl did Ibe Nodoai tbfooff 

About hit claqtBi ToonCi 
Nor cotild hi* Ui flov htto tb«B U mi 

Hit Judgcmatt Hka the bnrenlf Moon dM dto«. 

Temp' ring thai mlghtj So below. 
Oh hwl he liTni iD Leomlni'i Worid, what betnd 

Would hare bom able to eoatnMl 

Hli orer-powerlDg Soul ? 
Wa hate loM In Urn Am thM mx jsl arejtaatf. 

■ !*■ 

Retired and gtn to Ibem ttnti doa. 

F«r the rich help of Boob b« alwa]>i took, 
Though lili own learchtas laiad befara 
Waa M) with Nodoea wiMten en 

Ai ft wiM NatuR had mada that hw Bock. 

So muty Vinuei J<qv'd in hin, aa we 

Can Karoepidi here and there hi HInaiN; 

Hon Ibea old Writen' Prmctke' et« ooold nuA, 
As much ai they coutd ever teach. 

Tbele did RelifioD, Queen of Vinae*. nray. 
And bU their Hcred Motlom itenei 
JoM like the Firtt and HiKbcM Spline 

Which wheeii abool, and tnrni all Heaven one way, 

With ai much Zeal. Devotian, Pietie, 
He alwayi Lived, u ottier Sainti do Dy& 
Still with hii loul levae Account h« k^. 

Weeping all DebU out, e'er be ilepc 
Then down in peace and innoccooe Ik laj', 

Lilce the Sun's lalnrloiu Ii(bt, 

Which Mill in Water leu at Night, 
Uncullied with hit Joutney of ilie Dny. 

Wondrous young Man. why wen tbou made to good, 
To be snatcbl hence ere better undentoodf 
Soatchi before half of Thee enough wai lecn I 

Thou Ripe, and yet thy Life but Green. I 
Kor could thy Friends take their last ud Fanwell, 

Bui Danger and Infectious Death 

Maliliouily leii'd on tlial Breath 
When: Lila, ^irii. Pieasure always us'd to ilwaU. 

ftn happy Tboo. ttt'oe fna this frantkft age t 
WhB« Ignomnce and Hypocrisle does iige I 

I A fttter time for Heam no soul ere dtose. 

I The Place new onetj fim &oa Ibow, 

I There mong the Blest thou dost for ever Mat. 
And wheiuueie Ihou caiu thy view 

I Upo« that wUtc and radtaM crew, 

I See'st not a Soul elouh'd with iDore Light tlva TUm^ 

I '19. 

And If the gleriotu Saints oease M« to kaov 
Thdr wftaffctJ Friewls rto fi|^t with Ufc brib* : 
Thy Flame to Ue does Hill the saiM abide, 

Onely more pure and rarii3red. 
There whilu immortal Kynns thou doat nhmia. 

Tbou dost with holy pity see 

Our dull and earthly Poeslo, 
When Gritf Md Miiaiy ous be >ojn-d wM Vtm. 

ODE. Inlmiiafumo/nwxxUtOde. 
Quis muliA pudlit tefiter in rvU 
I^fitsus, *v. Lib. I. Od ;. 

TO whom DOW. Pynha, an iSou Under 
To what hesTt.tavisht Lover 
Dost thou thy golJen locks unbinde. 
Thy hidden sweeu discover. 
And with Iiuge bounty open set 
All the bright stores of thy rich CaUoM > 

Ah simple Youth, bow oFl will he 

Of thy changed Faiih complain ? 
And his own Fonunrs find to be 

So airy and so vain. 

Of u Canuclaon-lilie an bew. 
That still their colour changes with it too t 

H«w oft, alas, will he admin 

The blackness of die Skies ? 
Trembling to hear the Winds wand blghtt- 

And tee the billows rise ; 

Poor nneiperienc'd Ht, 
Who ne'ic, alas, before had been at Sck ! 

He' enjoys thy calmy Sun^chlne now. 

And no breath stirring hma \ 
Id the cleat heaven of thy brow 

No smallest Cknid appears. 

He sees thee gentle, fair and gB)i, 
And imu the blthleu AprU of thy Uay. 



Uuhippf t thrics iinlii.pp7 He, 

T'whofn Thoa nnliyed doit ^nel 

Bm ll>a« '■ no dangET nav for Me, 
afaK« o'n Lorelto's Shrine. 
In whneu of (be Shfpimck pMt 

Mr Coaaecnled Vend bugs u lut. 

/« ImUathn ^Maitial's Epigram. 

Si taunt mihiMn Martialit, d<f. L. 5. E^. a i 

T F, desresl Friend, H mj' good Fate night bef 

-^ T enjoy kt oDce » qqkt life u^ Tbe^ : 

If we for H&ppineH could Idsire Gode, 

And imndrlng lime into > Helbod biiuk ; 

We ihould not lure the Greu Men's Favour need, 

Not on \oog Hopes, the Court's thin Diet, tscd. 

We should not Patience find daily to hear 

Tlie Caluninies. and FlMleriei spoken then!. 

We ahoald not the Lord's Tabla humbly use, 

<^ Udk in Ladies' Chamben Love and Nem : 

But Books and wise Discourse. Ganleiu and Fidds, 

And an Ibe Joys Ibal Btunixt Nature jleldi, 

lUdi Summer shades when Winter itUI does ly, 

ft%ht Wlnler Hna that Somner's part aippij. 

Sleep, not oontroU'd by Cares, confin'd to Nicht, 

Or boDnd in any rule but Appetite. 

FVee, but not carats or ungracsous Uirtfa, 

Rich V^nes to give il quick «nd ea*I« blith. 

A fcw Companioni, which our selves should c^use, 

A Gentle Mistress, and a Gcnller Muse. 

Socfa, dearest Frioid, sncb without doubt sbo^ld be 

Ooi Place, our Business, and our Compvue. 

Now to Himseir, alas, does neither Live. 

But sees good Sum. o/ which «e are to gin 

A strict account, set and msiEb thick agmj ; 

Knows a Man bow to Live, and doea IN'M^? 

A BaUa. 


MArgarila Gnt possesi. 
ir I remeoiber wcU, By bMH. 
Margarita first of all ; 
But when a while the wanlm H^ 
Whh my restless Heart badpla^, 
Martha took tbe flying BaH 

Uarllu soon did it resign 

To the Beauteous Calhailiw. 

Beauteous Caibarine gave plaoe, 

(Though loth and angry she to (ut 

Witfa tlie posscssioii of ny Heart) 

To Eiisa'a conqu'ting fitce. 

Elisa 'till this Hour might ralgn. 

Hod she not Evil Counsels ta'ne. 

Fundamental Laws she bnAa, 

And BtiD new Favotila she chose, 

'TQl np in Arms my Passions rose. 

And cast away her yoke. 

Mary then and gende Ann 

Both to rdgn at once began : 
Aliemaldy they sway'd, 
And sometimes Mary ww the Fair, 
And sometimes Ann the Crown did wear, 
■» Both 1 'Qbey'd. 

Anotho' Mary then arose, 

Aikd did rigorous Laws impose. 

A mighty Tyrant site I 
Long, alas, should I have been 
Under that Iron-scepts'd Qiwii, 

Had not Krijocca set iw ^k. 

'When blr Rdwen set me free, 

Twas then a golden Time w*h a 
Bui soon lliose pleasures fled. 
For the grackuis Princess dy'd 
In her Youth and Beaatie's pride. 
And Jndkb icigoed in her sted. 

One Month, three Days and haH an Hour 
Judith held the Sovereign Power. 
Wondrous l>eaaliful ha- Faoa, 

But so weak and imaU her Wjt. 

That she to govern was unfit. 

And so Susanna took her place. 

Bui when Isabdla came 

Arm'd with a resist ten lame. 

And Ih' Artillery of her Eye, 
WhiM she proudly nurcht about 

-She beat out Susan by tbe By. 

But in her place I then iJaefA 

Slack-ey'd Besse her Vice^t^ Maid. 



Than Jooc, and Jww, aad Andila. 
And tlHO ■ prelljp Tboowibw, 
And then f*ujh*f KathulBa, 

And tbcn k \oa% El cMenu 
But ihoold I DO« (0 you relate 

The Mrength ud ridwi ot llwb' Mau, 

The I^irdir, Paleho, and the Ptni, 
TbB Ribfauu, Jaweli, and tlw ItlD(i. 
The L«e«, Ifae Paint, and warlike Ibiac* 

That make up alt Ibdr V 

If I ihoold teU the poUtldi Am 
To Mke and keep dmb'i heaiu. 
The Letun, Embaulea and Splea, 

Tbe TtawoM, and Smlki, and Flaltoiai. 

The Qnarreli, Tean, and I^iirtc*, 

And bU the Litik Ume-twlgi laid 
Br MatdMTil the Waldnf-Uald : 
I more ToIamlDma ihould frow. 
(Chieflr i( I like them ihould tell 
All Change of Weaihen that baUl) 


11 1 will briefer wllh them be, 
Since few of tbem wen long with Me. 
An hl^MT and a nobler MraJn 


To Sir William Davenant 
UpoH hit two first Bocks of GondibeR, fin- 
ishtd i^ore his voyage to America. 
f Etblnki Heroick Poeile till now 

le loiiie fanlasllck Fairy-land did ihow, 
□odi, Devlla, Nrmpbi, Wiichea, and Gianu lace. 
And all bui Man, in Man'i chief irark had plaen. 
Tbou like aome worth; Knight, with Mcred Anna 
DoM drive the Monalen thence, and end the Cbaimx. 
Initead of Ihow dtnl Men and Minnen plant. 
The things which thai rich Soil did chiefly wanl. 
Yet even Ihj Mortals do their Godi exoell, 
Taughl by Ita; Huh to Fighl and Lore la welL 

B]r fual bandi whilu preunt Eiiii:drea fall. 
Thine from the Grave past MonarcUei recaL 
So much more Ihanki from htunane kind doci merit 
The Poel'i Furr, then the 2elol'> Spirit 
And from ihe Grave Ihou nuk'it thli Empire riae, 
Not like loiDe dreadful GhaM t' affright her Eyra, 
But with more Luster and trjumphanl itate, 
Tbes when it Erown'd al proud Vanrna me. 

So wm our Ood rriMdld nan** periAl bune. 
And nln Urn up omdi BMUr, ^ tbe Mae. 
So OodJ&a PoMa do pail Ihli^ rdicne. 
Not cbaaffe, bat Heighten Naton by thdt Vsw. 

\nth Shame, methlidn. Gnat tta^ mut tea 
Her Canqn'ron ralKd to Life apda bf Tbec 
Ralt'd hj HKh powerful Vaae, that Anckot Rooe 
Mar bluib no leu to lee bei WH onoopie. 
Some mra tbdr Fancier Uke their Fahb derive. 
And think all 10 but that which Rone dooi gi*e. 
Tbe Maiki of Old and CalhoUck would bide. 
To the lame Chair woold Tnuh and FIctkn btnde. 
Thoo in Ihoae beaten pathei dJMtaiinl to tmd. 
And ■oom'it lo LJve br robbing of the Dead. 
Since Time doei all Ihfaigi cfaarve, tbou (hink'H not t 
Thii latter Age should lee all New but Wh. 
Thy Fancy like a Flame its wa; does make, 
A«d leavet bright T^adci lot following Peni lo take. 
Suce'lvrai thli noble boldneis of tbe Muse 
Did thy Desire to seek new Worldi inftise. 
And ne're did Heaven n rnudi a Voyage bteta. 
1( tbou canit Plau but there with Uke Succeat 

Am Answer to a Copy of Versa sent me to 

AS lo a Nonhen People (whom the Sun 
UMSjuMailbeRomlihChurdi has done 
Her Propbane I^ly, and doa aidgne' 
Bread oaly, both to lerve far tbead and Wine) 
A rich Canary Fleet welcome arrives : 
Such comibn to ni bB« jmr LtUir gives. 
Fraoght whh briik racy Veraet, In whidi we 
Tbe Soil from whence they came, taste, and, and see ' 
Such li your Prewnt to ui : for you must know. 
Sir, that Vene doea not in this Inland grow 
No men th«n Sack : One lately dki not bare 
(Without the MoK^ leave) to plani it here. 
Biu it prodoc'd such ban, roofffa, oafabed. bedgv 
RhyniES, as ev'n ki tbe bearers' Ear* on Edge, 

Written by Esquire, iat 

Year of our Lord ili bandral thirty thnc 

Brave Jersey Muse I and be 's for this bi^ stile 

Call-d 10 this day the Homer of Ihe Isle. 

Alas, to Men here, no Words less hard be. 

To Rhyme with, than *Moinit Orgueil Is to me. 

Monni Orguedl, which iu sconi o'lh' Moses' law | 

With no yokt^fellow Word irfll dain lo drxw. 

Stubborn Mount Otgueil I 'tis a woA to make It 

Come into Rhime. more hard then 'twere to take it 

Alas, to bring your Ttopea and Figures bae. 

Strange as to bring Camels and Elephants woe. 

And Metaphore Is so unknown a thing, 

'Twonid need the Preface of, God save the King. 

Yet tUi I 'U say tar th' honor of the place. 

That by Ood's eitraoTdlaary Grace, 

(Which shows die people' have judgement if not Wit) 

Tbe Land it undtfled vHth Clinches yet 



WUsfa in nqr poor oplaioo. I cooCm, 

Ii a moM dncular bletdns, aDd no ks 

Tlten ItdMid't vmntliv Sfddcn; And m &ite 

Ftam th' Actual Sin of Bombwl too ib^ M«, 

(Tbat other CiTinf Sin o' th' Bivluh Mow) 

llnteraa Satan blnudlf eanaceoM 

Nona hen (no not so much ai the DIvIdcs) 

Pm Ih' Hotm prim^ pdMi to Stmo( Uoe*. 

Wdlf ■>■"* the loll than docs noc iMtuiallf boara 

Vene, who (a Devil) would impcMt tt bare? 

Fcr ifaal lo me would Mem ai Mranfe a thine 

Ai who did Gnt Wilde Beaita faito Iiknda briiw. 

UnlOi 70a think that it DiJ|^t titkea be 

A* Green did Good'ibcn, In a Priie at Sea. 

BdI that'iaForltineUliiiot e*«T dajr ; 

Til tnw Green wai made bf il ; for thqr m; 

The nu-l'aioent did a noble booiitj do, 

And Ban him the whole Mie, liiiili TiMln anil rWiwiH 

Tilt Tra ef KtuwUige. 

That there ia no Knowledge. 

AgatMl the Dogmatittt. 

THE nered Trae 'nidM the Mr Orchard grew, 
The Pbcaafac Trath did on It net. 
And bnQt bb pcrAimed Nest. 
Thai right Por^jFTlan Tree whidi did true Ixclch ibew. 
Each Leaf did leained Notioni give. 
And tb' Apples were DemotutiatlTe. 
So clear their Colour, and divine, 
TIm 107 dnKle tbcy cMt did other Ughli out-ddne. 

TitSM not, aid God ; 'tis mine and Angele' meat ; 

A cenain Death does Al, 

Like an ill Worm. I'lh' Core oT it. 
Ve cannot Know and' Utc, nor Utc or Know and Eat. 

Ttani q>oke God, yet Man did go 

Ignotsntlj on to Know ; 

Grew 10 more BUndc, and ibe 
Who tenptad him to tbit, grow Tet more Bllnde then H& 

The oolr SdeiKe Mas by thij did get. 

Was but to know he notUag knew : 

He tttalgfat U* NnkoliWM 4ttd Tiew, 
His ignorant poor estate, and was '^"^ of it. 

Vet searches ProbabiUtlei, 

And Rbetotidi, and Fallsc^s, 

And Kcks, bj udeu pride, 
vnth slight and wlth'iing Leaves thai Nakadiwta to Ude. 

niat wni not lodg (oMaln, 
And fariiw wkh Labor (ortb each food aboTtlic Birth. 

Thai Serpent too. their Pride, 

Which »t™« at thing* denf'd. 

That leam'd and doqaent Xjut, 
Initrad of moonting high, shall creep npoo tbe DnlL 

The Uk of U in Dimiu Matttrt. . ■('' 

Be led by others a rigbt way : 
They build on Sands, wbi ~ 

Tis but because there was no Wind. 
Leas hard 'lis, not to Eire onr lelva, then know 

If oar Fore^bthcn err'd or no. 
When WC mst Men concemfaig God, we ibeo 

Tnist not God concerning Men. 

VUons, and lutdrationt some expect, 

Tbdr ODorse here to direct. 
Like sensdess Chymiits Ibdr own wealth destroy. 

Imaginary Gold t' enjojr. 
So Stan appear to drop to us licm ikle. 

And gild tlie passage as they fly : 
But wliw they Ul, and meet th' opposing Ground, 

What but a sordid Sliiae is foundf 

In vain, alas, these outward Hopes are ny'd : 

Reason wiibin's oui onely Guide. 
Reason, whkh [God be praii'd 1) sdll Walks, for aD 

lis old Original Fall. 
And dncR il self Ibe boundless Godhead ioyn'd 

With a Reasonable Mind. 
It plainly shews thai Mysteries Irvine 

May with our Reason Joyn. 

The Holy Book, like the Eighth Sphere, doe* shine 
With thousand Ughti of Tnilb Divine. 

So nnmbeilesi Ihe Stars, thai to tbe Eye 
Il makes but all one Gabule. 

for In Seas 





T1icq|h Rmwd cuuM thnrafti Faitb't UyMVIct m . '^ 

II MM that Tb«« and nch Iber bee ; 
LMdi M HcBna'i-doar, lad tbcK doe* honbly keep. 

And iboe ihraogh Chink* ud Kcjr-bolei p«q>. 
Tbongb k, Bk* Uow*. bjr a ad Eoounaad 

IfoM DM cona ban th' Holr Laad. 
T«t IbttlHt k liiUllblr doM Quid, 

Attd (Tom ate 'tl* an DeaoTed. 

^ tfu Diatk a/Mr. Cnuhaw. 

-I The 

» thee alone an (Iven 

icred Name* of Earth and Hearaa, 

The hard and rarcH Union whkb can be 

Not that of Godhead wllb Htunanltie. 

Lm« did tbe Mdmi . banitht Slave* abide. 

Ufee Hoaia thon (tbo<«h Spell* and Ch 
'• HaM btoo^ tham noUj home badk to their Half laud. 
Ah wratcbed We, Poeu of Earth I but Tbon 

Wert Uvinc, the mbw Foal wfaldi tboo'rt No*. o 

WhlUt Ansdi riDK to Ibee Ibdr a jiea iMaa, 

Aadjof In >n appbwe n frrau m thin* ; 

Eqwl todety with them to hold, 

Than neadit not laakD new Soac*, bnl m; the ffld. 

And Ibqr (Und Sptriu 1) ihall aU rejoice 10 aee 
-'Vom Uule Ua* then Ihejr, Enlted Man may baa. 
SdO tha C»d Heathen Oodi In Nombcn dwell. 

The Heavenliiai thing on Earth Hill keep* np Hell, 

Nor hnra we yet quite poiged the CbriKiu Uad ; / 

SdUldobbera,llkeCaln*atIMhalBlai>d. . 

And ihoiii^ Pan'a Death k«c tliiM all Oneiea bnak*. 

Tel KOI la Rhyme tha Rand Apollo qnak* : 

Hmj. with the wottl of Heathen dotafe We 

(Vala Hu I) the Mouts, Woman. Dd&e ; 

Find Stare, and Ijnoar FalM there In a Face, 
—And PacadiM In them, by vrtum we loat It, plaie. 

What diS'mt lanHi comipl oor Muiea Ihna? 

Wanton at Olri*. u Old Wive*, Fabuloo* I 
Tbj qiotleia Muse, like Mary, did contain 

Tbe boundleai Godhead ; ibe did well disdain 

That bcT eternal Vene employ'd ihould be 

On a tea Sublet then Etemltie ; 

And lor a lacred Mlstrai* aoora'd to take, 
^ Bol b* wbon God hlmiclf icom'd not hii ^MUte to 

It {ta a kind) bcr Miracle did do ; 

A F^ultftil Mother wa*. and Virgia toa 

•How wdi (bleat Swan) did Fate contriva ttay Death, 
And made thoe nadcr up thy tmefiil breath 
In thy great Mistreai Anne t thou moel dirinn 
And lichett Ofiering of Lonlta'* Shrine 1 
Where like lome holy Sanifioc t' apbc, 
A Ferel boms thee, and ^Mn light* the Fire. 

jfev- — 

Ai«ali (thay any) htooghi dM bmed Cbappd then. 

- d ban tbe Moad Load in Titampktteo' tbe aire. 

ii Mttr mKh th^ bcm(ht ihaa there, aad Tber. 

And Tbon, thak chail«. w«M ringkic afl the «*y. 

ftrdoB, my HMhs dtBck, if I coaiant 
Ital A^eta lad hkn when tarn ihae he wcM : 

Ralfaa Aan llMM ov Wnit loo aroeg for it. 
Hto Fatah pabapa la ■»» nioe Taenia ndffat 
Ba WRMV ; hii Ufth I'm •««. wat tB dte right. 
Ami I my adf a Catbolkk wm bA 
So &r at l*a«, gnat Saint, to Pray to Ibee. 
HaH. Bard triutiphnBt I and ■one are bestow 
Oa tl*, the Foett UUkant bdow t 
Oppoaed by oof old SacBy. ad*«fm Chana^ 
Aimoqu'ed by Eoiy, and bj Igaoiann. 
BulMin'd by Deaaly, toMlKed by Denea. 
^Espoe'd fay T^nat-Lore lo aange ~ ~ 

' Tbon fron low a-*- ' "— "" 

And, UkaBU^b,: 
ElldH,like (bat wiA a wfA moEb ka. 
M«ra St thy Greatneat, and kj Uttleaea) 
Lo hen I beg, (I whom tboa ooee dtd*l prave 
So hawMa w Itwiia. eo jood w L»r^ 
Not tlal thy SpMt night oa ne EtaidilBd ba^ 
I a*k hot AajTiby mighty Spirit for He. 
And wiMn my Hum aan with i» Mtoag a W&^ 
^TwDl laun of thli«* Diibm, and fint of Thne ta «fe 

Anacieoiitiqaet ; or, Somt Copitt c/Venet, 

trantiated Par^Mrattieaily out o/hxtKCXBCOL 


id of nought bU Lon. 

Snaigbt I b^an with thnndiliig )en, 
And all the inunonal Fowtn bat Lon, 
Lon Mailed, and ban mj enfeAled Lyre 

Helling lore, and toft daire. 
Fanwd thea Hcnnt, ttrewel King*. 
And mighqr Nnmbcn, migfaly Thing* : 
Lon tBDM aj Heait jat to my Itringt. 





THB tblntr Earth soaks up the Rain, 
And diteks, and gapa lot drink agalo. 
The Ptantt nek in the Eanta, and ai« 
Whh conMaat drinkli« ftwh and bfa«. 
Tht Sea it letE, wtUch om woold (Idnk 
Stnnld bara but Bttle nml otDil^ 
Diinia l«n thooMnd RJnn up, 
So fiU'd ax tbcr ortdow tb« Cop. 
Tbe boite Sm <tnd om woqU pMaa 
Br '■ drunken fry bee ao ka«) 
IMnkiaplbeSa, and wbea he hat dan, 
Tbe Moon and Stars drtak up the Son. 
They drink and dance by their own Ugtii, 
Tbej drink and re<«l bH the night. 
Nothing in Natnre'a sober found. 
Bat an eternal Health goe* raond. 
Fin iqi the Bmri thea, fiD H Ufh, 
FIDalllbegl ' ~ 

Wbr, Mao of Uorals. ItU n 

LDMnl Nature did di^enae 
To all Things Amu for Ih^ dafewe ; 
le fhe aniu with siite»7 forae. 



Some with hard Hoob, or forked Clawi, 

And aame with Horn*, or tasked )aw*; 

And aooie with Scales, and aome with Wing*, 

And tome with Teeth, and some witb Stings. 

Wisdom to Man she did afibrd, 

n^tdom for Shield, and Wll for Sword. 

Wliat to beanteoiu Woman'Jdnd, 

What Anna, what Aimoor hai sh' assigned I 

Beauty is both ; fcr with the Faire, 

What Armi, yibmX Armour can compare ? 

What Steel, what Gold, or Diamond, 

More Impasailde Is found? 

And yet what Flame, wbal lightning ere 

So great an Active Force did bear ? 

They are all weapon, and they dart 

lAe Po mipdn ea from every Part. 

Who an, alas, their Strength apieu, 

Arm'd, — when they themselves undress — 

Cap«-pe with Nakedness ? 

IV. Th» D UEL. 

YES, I wm lore then, I win bn^ 
I will not now Love's Rebel prove. 
Tboogh I was onee bi* Enemy ; 
Tbon^ iH-advii'd and stubborn I, 
Did to the Combate him defy. 
An Kebnel, Spear, and mighty shield, 
Like some new A}ai I did wield. 

Lo*e In ocke band Ut Bow did take, 
In th' other hand a Dait did staaket 
But yet In vain tiw Dan did throw. 
In vain be often drew tlie Bow. 
So well my Armour did resist, 
' 'ly fliglu die blow I mitt. 

So oft b: 


Hit Quiver empli'd quit at hit,' 
Instead of Arrow, or of Dart, 
He shot Hlmtdf into my Heart 
The Uviqg and tbe KJlUng Arrow 
Ran thnHigh the SUn, tbe Flesh, tbe Bloi 
And broke the Bones, and scorcfat tbe Mi 
No Trench or Work of Lite withstood. 
In vain I now the Walls m^tiwtfi , 
I tet oui Gnardt and Scouts in vala. 
Statoe tb' Ea'my does within remafaL 
In vain a Breattplata now I wear, 
Snce in my Breast the Foe I bear. 
In vain my Fea thdr s a UUitss try ; 
For from tbe Body can tb^ fly? 

V. AGS. 

OPT am I by the WooMn toM, 
Poor Anacieon, ttum gnnr'tt i 
Look how thy Hail* are fitlling all ; 
Poor Anacreon, bow tbey fall t 
Whether 1 grow old or no. 
By th' cflects I do not know. 
This I know without being told, 
■Us time to Uve if 1 grow Old. 
Tls time sliort pleasures now to take 
Of little Life the best lo make. 


Hen ail the Stars are by thee Idd, 


Or when [he Hairs are reckoned bH, 
From sickly Aulumn'i Head that laH, 
Or when tlie drops that make tbe Sea, 
Whilst aU bo sands (by Connten be ; 
Thou then, and Thou alons naitt prove 
Th' ArfthmeliciaD of my Xtm. 
An hundred Loves al Athens aoore. 
At Corinth write an hundred man. 
Fair Coilnth does such Beauties beaic, 
Sofbrban Bscaptiv Ihere^ 
Write then at Chios seventy three ; 
Write then at Leibot [let me see) 
Write mae at Lesbos ninety down. 
Full ninety Loves, and half a One. 
And next to these let me present 
Tbe 6jr Ionian Regiment, 
And next the Csilan Company, 
Five himdred both Efiecdtdy, 



Ifaw hoDikad nan M RbodM ud CHM : 
Th(M bDDdnd 'tk ram wan Cqmpkte, 
For arm* M CMe tack Fmc dcnh bam. 
Aad eior Eja'i bb Arebo' ibw*. 
Com; lUiMopirtiy doM tbouuUwr 
Hm* lUakn, pctha^ ifaulBlMika. 


TIw m^tr X«w oonld DM boMI 
Sndi dlfitvt NMkBt k hk HoK. 
On ; fcr BjF Lorc, tf thou ba^M wttrj, 


M jvt my Pmkn told. 



Noc Cnvkn LoiM, nor AMon ; 
Nor Seriblaa. nor Ililtaa Oama ; 
lliBv'a ■ wbol* Uftp bcbtod* of Nmm. 
OflMil)* Lona i' th' TampnU Zooa. 
Asd «ald OM* In ifae nitld Om. 
Cold froiw Lens wkh whkb Iplaa^ 
Aod pvdMd LoTM baaaub ibe Uac; 


AU%bir pain to Low h It, 
And ^lla a palii Ibat paiti to n 
But of an palm tba (itueu pain 
'■ II it to Icn*. bat love in vain. 


Oold alODi doef pauJoo move. 

Gold MonopoUiaa Love I 

A cnna on her, and on the Man 

Who thlt tnHkek &m baian t 

On Urn, «bo nt'd it fim in Lon I 
O^ b«|«t in bethno baw, 
Oold in FkadUai dAaie i 
Ocdd do«a FriMidri4i itpamia, 
Ocdd doa* avtl wan craata. 
Thtae the anaUaM haiaa of it I 
GoU, akt. doat Love faegei. 


And let m chearfblljr awhile, 
Like the Wine and Rowi nnlle. 
Croini'd with Roaes we cotltemn 
Offea wealtl))' Diadem. 
To dv 1> Om ; iriiat do wnteate? 
To day b Oon ; we bava it hoe. 



In Ilk Ooda btlo^t To Uetiow. 


WMlod'nMOrii my Haad oraOiFwiac. 
Aad anMBd k Roaea pawtni. 
Wtat dwild 1 da bot <Mnk a«^ 
TW Haat. awl tranbka af the Dar ? 
la Udt awn than KinA Mate, 

■ i" "-■■- 

Fm to me, La*«^ M7 in k op : 

k Ftomn whr do we tpnad. 
Upcnlha IfoD'nunti or dM Dead ? 
NoddiV tbar bot Dott can *bow. 
Or BoMt thai hnttcn to be lo. 
OowD me with Rotet wtiltit I Bve, 
New roar wnnea and o] 


Fed with nouriihmaii dlrloa, 

The dawji Morning't gentle Wine U ' ' ,' 

Nntm* waft* npon tbee Mill, 

And thjr verdant Cup doaa fin ; 

Til aU'd wbEre«*cr than doM trewl. 

Natna adfe 'a Ihj OnDlined. 

Thoa dott dftnk, and danoe, and iIdi: ; 

Hapfds' dien Hm liqipieM KIiv ' 

An the FMdt, wtiidi thou dou mo. 

An lb* Planli bdo^ to Thee I 

An dwl SamoNr Hoort produce, 

Ferdk iMde with *mAj\ekit\ 

Man Cor Ibae doe* tow and plooffa ; 

Faima' He, and Land-Lord Thou t 

Tbo« dott IntMcentlj f 07 ; 

Nor doea Ibf Lazury deMrojr ; 

Hk Shepherd ghdljr heareth thee. 

Mora Hannonioni then He. 

Thee Coaatrej Hlndes with gtAdoeu hew. 

Prophet of the ripened jear ! 



Thee PiKBtm* km*. Md doe* tnqta ; 

Sweet ai Loren- froheatUuet. 

PhoAui U hliiudf Ih7 Ske. 

Or tbeit riper foUowinc UbtM : 

To Oee of an Ab«i wpoo Euih. 

OraoefuL dtanly. amooth and ramd. 

litE b DO lonts Ibnib; llinh. 

AU with Venna Gfrdlebotmd -, 


ADd thy Liie wa* an the lAilB 

DoM Ddlber Agtt, DOT Winur kno*. 

Kinde and Bcnda a* Ay Stile. 

But wboi OMRi'n drank, ud danoBd. and nnv 
-niy an. IbefloNrr LMmamocff. 

Like thy Vene eMh Hoar did pats. 


Sweet and abort, Uke tbu It wai. 

sued with Ih; Smnma FeM. 

Some do but (bdt Vomh allow me. 

Tbou retina to endlsH ReM. 

Jiut what Ihey by Natma owe me. 

The Tfane that '( mine, and not thcfr own, 


Tbe certain Tifimte of my Crown ; 
WbcD tbey grow oW. Ib«7 grow to be 

'pOoliili Pnis, wlat io'A thou 
X^ So arij at my window do 

Too Bnde. or too wlie for me. 

Thou weit wi». and did'it know 


None too wiaa fat Lowoau grow. 

Wen t iMd been hMl Tom mode 

Loira vat with tfay Life eDiwin'd 

llwa u Dunb M PUkmd ; 

CkH aa Hm with Fire ii Joyn-d I 

-Tliere Ut Knib hMl done bu wdL 

A poworfbl emnd ptMoribed (be date 

lo ifar on^Utoow'd N<M 

Of thtaie. Bka Meleager-a Fate. 

lltoii doH an the wfaUB KM 

More enflamed thy amonnu mge ; 

Free from the domr Nann'i notae : 

Thy lilver Habi yielded me mote 

nte from th- m thoQ-tt done to me : 

Then enn golden curia befcre. 

Who cUnnHN. or le^i out Thea ? 
-HadM tboQ an the dunnlDf note* 

Had I the powtT of Creation, 


Of the wood'i PoetJck Throata. 

Where I the matter must obey. 

AU thy ait codU nenr pay 

And eannot work Plate out of day. 

What tboo'it U-ne from me aw^. 

Uy CiWDtei iboiild be all like Tbeo, 

Cnel Bfrd, tbon-M ta'ne amy 

111 TbOD ibouldM tbeir Idea bee. 

A DRamoat c^my ano* ((Mby, 

Tbey, Uke Thee, ihould throughly hue 

A Dream that ne'remnit equUI'dbee 

Buinem, Honor, Title, State. 


Other weUth they ■hoaM not know 

Thonthia damage tarepafre. 

Bat wlat my Uviog Minea benow : 


The Pomp of Kbigi they ihovld Gonfem 

Nolhliv half M Kood can'H brinf , 

At their Crownhisa (o be leM 

Tbon^ HenMy. 'nKMbrinc'H the Spring; 

lltena Lover-a humbleK Gnlia, 

When u hie MiKien feel he Ilea. 

ELSGIE upon Asacreon, wfu> was 

RiuKNiT tbey m> more sboold mind 
Then Men eafc-landed do [he Wind. 


Wiidom it self Oiey should not hear 

Spokm by tht Godi^L VE. 

Whoi it ptesomei to be Sereie. 
Beauty alone they should admiie ; 

TT OW ihaU 1 lamoit tUne end. 

-Ti MybeHSernu)t,audinyFriBid? 

Nor kiok at Fottunea Tain attire. 

Nor Mk whU Parents It can dww : 

Nay, and If from a Mty 

Widi Dead or Old 'l b>i oougbt to do. 


Tbey should not kire yet All. or Any, 

It eomid not (00 pN&ne and odd. 

But very Mudi, and very Many. 

Ofa my UMier, and my Oodl 

All their Life should gilded be 

For 'd. irae, moat miihty Poet. 

With Mirth, u>d Wit. and Gayetie. 

rrhoagb I like not Uen ihonld know It) 


The Neoeulty of Dying. 

Lam by mooh tben in thy Dren. 

Tbdr chearlul Heads ibonld always wew 

An thy Verae li aofter tun 

All Ibal crowni the dowry Year. 

Then the downy Featboi ara 

They should always laugh, and slog, 

Of n^ VTinga, or of my Arrowa, 

Of my Mothcr-» Dona, or Spamm. 




Vene ibooU frtn thMr T««M M flow. 


At If H In the Uowfa did fraw. 

No Mcfa m-Mtamd OcMl M H» 

Ai iwilUj' MMWlBK Ibdr coranMud, 

Tboa preMMtaet, TIrqMrant Wnn^ 

A* MM* ober tbe aitfBl Hud. 

To be tbe Mtnei- flfeMl Md UlML 

And whOM I do thai dtaoonr 

WMi L4»« and WH dMM dOM ba(i>. 

Th' liwredlenu of » iMppr l-<»-. 

Fabc Fine, akc 10 dnv M ■■ ; 

Tb. nr ABKnm, ict tbr Mka 

Which, if ov oonne « br tta> he^), 

I c( lb. Gr)4>e M MMlM n«k>. 

lU^nlde to llMlaaM. or to Stafw 

Slaq) w«n wd ; itaoa IMI ten* n «^ 

Ctmed Ptut. 1 loTCd tbM «4 

To Death tl edf nnr to batf^.