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Full text of "A concise history of the town of Maryland from its first settlement. Its geography, productions and striking events; also, the history of the first settlement of the village of Schenevus .."

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Its Geogfaplii, Prorfuctioos aod Slnig [vents 


The First Ssttlsmsnt of the Yillags of Schenevus^ 










Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1875, by A. Hotchkin, in the 
Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Wasliiugton, D. C. 


So brief a title can only indicate the contents of the 
work in the gross, or aggregation ; but it may be said 
it was prepared at the request of many worthy persons, 
that in as brief and cheap a form as possible (accessible 
to all) the history of the first settlers in an unbroken 
wilderness, their toils, privations and hardships, with 
their names, might be handed down to posterity ; also 
amusing anecdotes, humor and wit of early times. 

With other things, it gives the date and organization 
of the several churches, and erection of their houses of 
worship, cost, seating capacity, &c. ; number of school 
districts, aggregate value of school houses, number of 
scholars, and average attendance at school ; number of 
square miles within the town boundary ; number of acres 
of land, assessed value ; names of owners of tracts of 
land, called patents, &c., &c. 

In short, a great amount of valuable and interesting 
information in small compass. Unlike gazetteers, which 
are " made to sell," and the contents of which are usually 
drawn from the imperfect and treacherous memory of 
the " oldest inhabitant," facts have been gathered from 
the best and all availal)le sources. Kecollcctions and 
statements of the "oldest inhabitants" have not only 
been compared with each other, but with written mem- 
oranda, and been digested, criticised and sifted till the 
facts alone were left. 

Family records and papers, title deeds, conveyances, 
and all available papers bearing on the subject, have 
been examined. Records in the clerks offices of Wor- 
cester and Maryland ; also, records in the clerks offices 
in Tryon, Montgomery and Otsego counties have been 
carefully searched and examined, and some papers re- 
latins' to the old town of ^V^)rcester, never in the clerk's 
office, but found among the papers of the first Super- 
visor ; the " Annals of Tryon County," l)y Judge W. W. 
Campbell, a sufferer in the massacre of Cherry Vallc}' ; 
and all books, charts and maps bearing on the matter 
have been examined, and the utmost care and pains 
taken to make the work correct and reliable. Yet, should 
any material error be detected, before all landmarks are 
removed by death, and be pointed out, the discoverer 
will receive the thanks of 




Erection of the Town of Maryland — Its First Settlers — 

Where they Located — Where From — Early Remin- 



Churches and Schools. 


First of Roseville, now Chaseville. 


Geography of Maryland — Its Productions— Its Pros- 


Striking Events — Wit and Humor. 


Schenevus — Its Origin — Its Settlement — Its Progress, 
and its Business Directory — Conclusion, 




Otsego coiiuty was erected from ]Moutgou)ery Feb- 
ruary 16th, 1791, and had two towDS — Otsego and 
Cherry Valley. The town of Worcester was formed 
from Cherry Valley March 3d, 1797, and Westford, 
Decatur, and Maryland, were taken from Worcester and 
formed into towns March 25th, 1808. 

The close observing reader will notice that while this 
work purports to be the first settlement of the town of 
Maryland, and gives the names of first settlers, that 
those persons actually settled in the town of Cherry 
Valley, and after a residence in that town, and in the 
county of Montgomery one year, they became residents 
of Otsego county, but still were residents of the town of 
Cherry Valley six years longer. They then, in 1797, 
became residents of the town of Worcester, and so con- 
tinued to be eleven years longer. 

There were earlier settlers in Cherry Valley, and 
earlier settlers in that part of the town now called 
Worcester ; but as this work was intended to treat, and 
that briefly, of Maryland, it was thought it would be 
better understood by the mass of readers, and to make 
less confusion if tiie settlers were placed under the name 


of the town, which was given afterwards to the place 
where they settled. 

As the forest was gradually felled, more settlers came 
in, the subject of a division of the town, to lessen the 
traveling distance of many voters, sprang up, was dis- 
cussed, and in time produced considerable agitation. To 
halve it, divide east and west, or north and south, did 
not please all the people as nearly as it did to quarter 
it ; yet the population was so sparse the latter division 
seemed objectionable. But time wore along, ^jopulation 
increased, and in 1808 the people agreed the town should 
be divided into four parts. But names for each division 
now came up, and produced considerable agitation. The 
Creator, according to the best of His wisdom, saw fit to 
number the days and months, but the gods who came 
after him, called heathen, desired names for each, and 
their followers, agreeing with them, gave each the name 
of a god. Each division, probably, had no heathen god 
to name after, yet they might have had idols, pets, or 
hobbies. At any rate the people were descendants of 
English ancestors, and it will be seen they gave each 
division a name which is to this da}' familiar to many of 
their cousins across the water. 

It has been reported one white man, a Tory, was in 
the new town of Maryland at the time of the Revolution- 
ary War. It may have been so, for Indians were there 
in 1776 and before, and a white man mioht have been 
with them ; but, if such is a fact, the writer would like to 
find some evidence of it, and more especially if he 
struck any blows towards a settlement. It is certain 
white men were there during the war, but they were the 


men who wero in pursuit of Tories and Indians, and if 
any Tory had made a settlement there it would seem 
prett^^ certain he would have been found and have been 
exterminated. The Indian-slayer, Timothy Murphy, and 
his co-worker, Colonel Harper, scouted some through 
the (so-called) Worcester towns. 

The first settlement of which there is any authentic 
evidence was in 1790. This year there came in from 
Columbia county Israel and Eliphas Spencer, brothers ; 
Phineas Spencer, a cousin, and Elisha Chamberlin, and 
settled near the center of the now town of Maryland and 
the Maryland station on the Albany and Susquehanna 

The two latter settled on " State's land," on the hill, 
about one and one-fourth miles north of east from the 
Maryland station. Eliphas Spencer built a house about 
three-fourths of a mile east from the station, at the foot 
of the hill some ten rods north of the present highway. 
The site is now marked by some square and smooth-faced 
rocks that then formed his cellar wall, a little north of 
the house, called the Jared M. Chamberlin house. Near 
those rocks there is now standing a Lombardy poplar 
which was brought as a whip stick from Columbia county 
and there stuck in the ground. 

Israel Spencer settled on the south side of the 
Schenevus creek, on lands that were long afterwards 
occupied by his descendants. 

Josiah Chase and Joshua Bigelow came in in 1791, 
and bought a thousand acre lot of land on which they 
each put up a log house ; the former a little east of the 
junction of the Elk creek with the Schenevus creek, and 


where now stands the house occupied by J. T. Thomp- 
son ; and the latter where now is the junction of the Elk 
creek road with the Schenevus creek road, and oti the 
site of the house now occupied by S. R. Slingerland. 

As much of the village of Schenevus is on that lot, it 
requires something more than a passing notice : Its 
eastern boundary crossed what is now called Main street 
of the village, near the foot of the hill, and between the 
premises of the widow Caroline Cyphers and of that 
occupied by O. D. Walker, and on the east side of the 
premises of A. Hotchkin, and extended north and south on 
the hills or mountains. Its extent west was over a mile, 
and crossed the road some fourth of a mile west of Elk 
creek, and near some rocks at the side of the road, and 
which did somewhat obstruct it before being partially 
removed. It covers all of what are called the " Flats." 

The owners of the tract or lot made a division of it, 
north and south, and Chase, who took the west half, 
sold a piece of it, on the north end, to John Tuthill, who 
came in and made settlement soon after Chase. Another 
lot, next to Tuthill, he sold to his son-in-law, Daniel 
Seaver, mentioned hereafter, who came in with him. 

Bigelow sold the north part of his half to Asa Hough- 
ton, a relative of Jothani Houghton, mentioned in 
another part of this work, who built a house on a spot 
afterwards called the " Fellows lot," and at the time of 
writing occupied by Mr. Banner. Asa Houghton married 
his cousin, a daughter of Jotham Houghton, and by her 
he had a son to whom he gave the name of his mother's 

Peter Roman, mentioned hereafter, bought the re- 


maiucler of Bigelow's land. Edward Goddard, mentioned 
hereafter, came in about 1793, and bought part of the 
Tuthill lot, the " Flats," twenty-five acres of State's 
land, and he afterwards became owner of the Asa Houo;h- 
ton farm. Not far from this time came in Nathaniel 
Hazen, mentioned in other portions of this work, from 
New Hampshire, as were Josiah Chase, Bigelow, Daniel 
Seaver and Edward Goddard. 

About 1793 came Jotham Houghton, with his two 
sons, Jerahamel and Daniel, and settled on the south 
side of Schenevus creek near where now is Chaseville. 
Not far from this time came Wilder Rice, Ezekiel Rice, 
and John Rice, and settled not far from Houghton. 
Soon came Caleli Boynton and settled higher up the 
Schenevus creek near what is now the line between 
Worcester and Maryland, and about the same time 
Joseph Howe settled on the Elk creek. 

About 1794 came John Thompson with his two sons, 
John and James, aud settled near where has been called 
the " foot of Cromhorn," and near the same time James 
Morehouse, who, like the Thompsons, was from Colum- 
bia county, N. Y., and settled at the junction of the 
" Piatt and Schenevus" creeks. At an early day came 
Jacob Schemmerhorn and settled a little east of the 
present boundary of Schenevus. After the " Spencer 
mills," mentioned hereafter, were built, he built a grist 
mill not far from his residence, on the Schenevus creek, 
which did some business, but was soon destroyed by 
fire. A portion of the timber and lumber saved from 
this fire, was used in building the " frame " house after- 
wards known as the " Silas Follett house." A Mr. Cole- 


grove, and Silas and Luther Follctt, from New Hamp- 
shire, soon came in ; the latter settled within the now 
limits of Schenevus, and erected a house where now 
stands the house of R. C. Wilson. About 1794 a Mr. 
" Sisko " built a log house on the site of the upper or 
east tavern in Schenevus, of whom this work treats here- 
after, and kept a tavern. 

The first mills were built in 1794, and were called the 
" Spencer mills." It may be mentioned that about that 
time Jotham Houghton erected a saw mill near where 
the road now crosses the Schenevus creek east from now 
Chaseville,and when nearly finished Ijuilt a dam across the 
stream. But it Avas found that in the filling of the dam 
and raising of the water it overflov/ed the " flats," and 
Mr. Rice, who had a house on the south .side of the 
stream and near the bridge, and owned the "flats," ob- 
jected to having a dam there, and thereupon Mr. Hough- 
ton abandoned the project of having a mill in that place, 
and built his saw mill near where the Spencers built 
their grist mill, and drew water to turn the wheel from 
the same pond. 

These mills were built near wdicre now is the Maryland 
station on the Albany and Susquehanna railroad, and 
where there are now mills. 

The grist mill was built by Israel and Eliphas Spencer. 
A laughable anecdote has been related, showing the 
temper and and humor of " early times," and has its 
date at the building of these mills. A " dandefied" 
personage, for those times, and not overstocked Avith 
brains or love of work, was Avith the company who Avere 
at work on the dam. Sitting about, and often in the 


way, he comphiiiied of thirst, — wanted water, water, 
water, until he exhausted the patience of the "boss," 
Phineas Spencer, w^ho, being a man of muscle and 
action, seized the fellow by the nape of the neck and 
plunged him headlong into the pond where the water 
was ten feet deep, with the sharp expression, " Get some 

water and be d d ! " 

This grist mill was considered a ffreat thing in those 
early tkiys, and caused a great amount of talk and re- 
joicing. The frequent weary .pilgrimage with a little 
grist to Schoharie, or to Cherry Valley, and the going 
supperless to bed because disappointed in the early 
arrival from the mill wit'h a little flour or meal, was at 
au end. It can hardly be realized now. 

It may here be mentioned that Mr, Phineas Spencer 
was the first carpenter and joiner in town, the first stone 
mason, chair and cabinet maker, plow maker and cofiin 
maker. Carpenters in those days worked by " scribe 
rule" instead of "square rule." "Pod augers" were 
used, no " screw augers " being then made. All fram- 
ing timbers were hewed — rafters, girts, braces and all. 
Joists and studs were little used, as no houses were 
plastered, and posts, sills and beams were so near 
together the floors could be laid and the houses be 
"sided" and ceiled on them. Heavy, strong timbers 
were used. There is now standing a barn, built by Mr. 
Spencer, that has a white oak sill ten by eighteen 

The " bull plows " of those days might be quite 
a curiosity to those who never saw one. All of wood, 
except the share, which was of " wrought iron," with 


;i steel-pointed front end, or " shear," as it was called. 
The mould board was split from an oak tree that 
" woind against the sun." Harrows, or " drags," as 
they were called, were "three-cornered" and were 
made from the fork of a " crotched " tree. 

As the dead could not then as now ride to the " city of 
the dead" in "splendid" carriages, and be " buried " 
with pomp and splendor, the poor went to the grave as 
"decently" as the rich. Coffins were pine boards, 
nailed together with " wrought nails," as no " cut uails " 
were then made, and the black ashes of straw burned in 
an iron kettle and wet with water were used to color 
them black. This was put on w*ith a woolen rag, brushes 
being scarce articles. For many years Mr. Spencer 
made all the coffins for a large circuit, and would take 
no pay for them. The dead Avere buried by their neigh- 
bors free of charge. 

The first tavern was by Josiah Chase, familiarly called 
" Landlord Chase." It was in a log house about eighty 
rods north of east from the ji.nction of the Elk creek 
with the Schenevus creek, and occupied the site where 
now is the house owned and occupied by J. T. Thomp- 
son. There is a yarn told of the-power of Landlord 
Chase's lungs, which, although his were considered a 
little above the average for strength, is a pretty strong 
point in evidence that in those days when people neces- 
sarily had to breathe purer air than now in their tii>ht 
and illy ventilated rooms they can, their lungs were 
more sound and strong than now. 

Landlord Chase had a little sou named Josiah, a 
mettlesome fellow, who, for sheer fun, mounted a 



spirited but tame colt in a pasture, with neither bridle 
or halter on him. The colt, seeming to enjoy the sport 
as well as the bo}^ commenced a race around the field, 
with evident signs of darting into the woods. The 
father, seeing the imminent danger the little son was in, 
called out to him, " Stick to him, 'Siah ! — Stick to him, 
'Siah ! — Stick to him, 'Siali !" — and 'Siah did stick to 
him, and was safely rescued, and the father's voice was 
distinctly heard by men in the now town of Worcester, 
three and a half miles away. 

In 1795 several more families came in from Columbia 
county, and among them were Samuel Hotchkin and 
Nathaniel Rose, and the latter soon opened a tavern at 
the now Maryland railroad station, or a few rods north. 
The house stood on the corner formed by the junction of 
the " Whitney brook " road with the Scheuevus creek 
road, on the noilh side of the latter and the west side of the 
former. We will here anticipate a little : A tavern was 
opened and kept by Amos Spencer about three miles 
west of the Maryland, station, and at the place where 
the late Uriah Spencer was born and died. The sign, at 
the time of this writing, is still in existence, and bears 
the date of 1802. 

Soon after opening his tavern Mr. Rose bought a farm 
adjoining his for his brother, Eli, and built a tavern 
house on it about half a mile from his own house. In 
1813 this farm and tavern were sold to Jonathan Milk, 
and the house was burned down and another one erected 
on the same site some eight years thereafter. Previous 
to this, 1817, Simon Shutts had lost a log house and barn 
by fire, and Allen Ainsworth a blacksmith shop, the 
latter near the tavern. 


It is claimed the first inarriage was that of Amaziah 
Whitney to Sally Boynton, and the next, Daniel Seaver 
and a daughter of " Landlord" Chase ; but the earliest 
record found of a marriage is that of Samuel Hotchkin 
and Mary (then called Polly) Spencer, in January, 
1804. The earliest records of a school taught was by 
Mary, or, as then called, Polly Spencer, near the now 
Maryland station, and the second by Luna Chamberlin. 

The first birth is claimed to be that of Warren God- 
dard, and the next that of Hainiah Seaver; but, it 
is claimed. Leafy Seaver was the first birth after the 
town was set off from Worcester and christened with the 
name of Maryland, and that she received her appropriate 
name from the fact of her being born in a leaty forest. 

The first death was that of John Rice, .who was killed 
by the falling of a tree near the place where the 
Schenevus station of the Albany and Susquehanna rail- 
road now is. He was interred where now is the Sche- 
nevus cemetery. 

Rufus Draper had the first wool carding machine. It 
was located on the Elk creek not far from where H. M. 
Hanor's savv mill is now. 

- Stephen G. Virgil had the first cloth dressing and 
fulling mill. It was at the place now called Roseville. 

Records make it appear that Edward Goddard was 
Supervisor of the town of Worcester before the division 
of the town, and Supervisor of Maryland from its erec- 
tion in 1808 to 1825, when he declined a re-election, 
from a desire to visit his friends in New Hampshire. 
Evidently of the old school of office-holders — old fogy. 

It appears John Chase was the first Town Clerk, D. 


Houghton the lirst Justice, with John Tuthill and A. 
Colegrove, J. Hougliton and Hem:m Chamberliu the 
first Commissioners of Highways. Tlie first higliway 
work of the Commissioners was to " lay out a road by 
Daniel Seaver's south to the Schenevus creek road," now 
Main street in Schenevus, and intersected the latter near 
where the road now is that passes Morse & Gleason's 
tannery. In the corner formed by the junction of these 
two roads was a log school house, the first in the naw 
School District No 4, and believed to have been built as 
early as any in the new town. 

The next road w^as in 1810, and was the straighteninsf 
of the road running by Josiah Chase's and Peter Roman's 
to a stake standing in front of Nathaniel Hazen's black- 
smith shop. This is what is now called Main street in 
Schenevus, and originally run around or south of the 
hill called "burying ground hill," or south of the now 
M. E. meeting house in Schenevus. In making it 
straight was running it north of the present house and 
over the hill. 

Nathaniel, or Doctor Hazen, as he was called, had a 
house some feet south of the house occupied by the 
widow Hannah C. Cooley, or the bank of J. T. Thomp- 
son, and his blacksmith shop stood some feet south of 
German Wright's house. His cellar was built of tim- 
ber, and was in the bank, or hill, about where the sash 
and blind factory now stands. He made " hatchets," a 
few tools, and some other light articles. 

The road from Chaseville east originally run on the 
low ground near the creek to the Sparrowhawk. 

In 1813 the Schenevus creek road, now Main street. 


was again improved — rim straight from the south side of 
the burying ground to the south side of David Benedict's 
house, now the upper or cast tavern. This was the 
north side of the road; a blind record, but, of course, 
would be understood to cover the then road to the stake 
of 1810, opposite Dr. Hazen's shop, and then pass east- 
ward the same width. 

Not far from this time the road known as the Elk 
creek road was " laid out," and the road passing Daniel 
Seaver's was discontinued. The latter was a private 
road, or a road to accommodate the Seaver family ; and 
as the Elk creek road touched the Seaver farm, the 
family could reach it without crossing the land of neigh- 
bors. The Elk creek road intersected the Schenevus 
creek road where it now does. 

Edward Goddard was the first tanner and currier and 
the first boot and shoe maker. His tannery was located 
on the west side of Elk creek, where the bridge crosses 
the stream north of Schenevus. He some time after- 
wards built a saw mill near it. 

Daniel Seaver was the first cooper and the first stone 
mason where now is Schenevus, and as early as 1793. 
His shop was near his house. 

Nathaniel Hazen was the first " root doctor," and 
Enos J. Spencer the first doctor of the alopathic school. 
The latter was located at or near the now Maryland 
railroad station. The first post-office was at the latter 
place, and Enos J, Spencer was the first Postmaster ; 
Jared M. Chamberlin, the second. 

The first church (Baptist) was organized September 
22d, 1808, and their house of worship was erected 


in 181(5. It stood a few rods west of north from the 
Maryhmd raih-otid station. Rev, N. D. AA'right was the 
first, and for twenty-five years the only "settled" 

A Presbyterian church was organized near the time 
the Bc^ptist church Avas, and their house of worship was 
erected in 1820. It was located about one-fourth of a 
mile east from the Baptist house. Rev. Mr. Ralph was 
the first pastor. 

The first house struck by lightning was in 1821, and 
was owned by William Bowdish. The house was con- 
siderably injured, but no person hurt. 

The remains of the first settlers, and many of the 
earliest, were interred in the "burying ground " near 
Maryland station. Such were the customs of the early 
settlers to show respect and veneration for the dead, 
their remains were borne on a bier to the grave by their 
neighbors. The remains of the first wife of Samuel 
Chase, a- "step-daughter" of Phineas Spencer, were, 
on a sweltering day, borne to the grave by neighbors, 
a distance of seven miles. One of the bearers, James 
Wilse}^ died in 1872, at the advanced age of ninety- 
two years. 

Among the official papers of Edward Goddard is found 
a report from the Comptroller of the State, Archibald 
Mclntyre, to Henry Phiuuey, County Treasurer, of the 
tax of the town of Worcester for the year 1802. The 
report bears the date of 1811, and has interest of the 
portion not paid by resident rateables added, together 
with costs, and the entire tax, with interest and costs, 
was $11G.38. In 1810 the number of rateables in the 
town ui Maryland was two hundred and thirty -two, 


seventy-three of whom were residents and the balance 
non-residents. The total tax was $117.48. The grand 
levy was $97,903, and the average assessed value of the 
land was $2.90 per acre. The fee for collection was 
three per cent. Daniel Houghton was collector. 



The Baptist house of worship, before mentioned, was 
built for the church by Nathaniel Rose, at a cost of $800, 
The seating capacity was some four hundred. It had 
no gallery, was built on the amphitheatre style, the 
seats rising from the aisle, one above another, to the 
walls, and the pulpit was at one end, while the door and 
entrance was at the other. 

In 1834 this denomination built a second house at 
Roseville, since called Chaseville, with a seating capacity 
of four hundred and fifty. The church and parsonage 
are valued at $4,050. The membership in 1871 was 
eighty-five, and Rev. Hiram H. Fisher was the pastor. 

In June, 1871, a Baptist church was organized in 
Schenevus by Rev. A. Martin, with a membership of 
twenty-five. The church has seating capacity for three 
hundred and fifty, and was erected in 1868, at a cost of 

The Presbyterian house, spoken of before, had a seat- 
ing capacity of some four hundred, and cost $3,000. It 
had a gallery and pews. 

An Episcopal Methodist church was organized in 1810, 
v/ith a membership of thirteen, and John Catlin was the 

first preacher. In 1842 the first house for this denomin- 
ation was built at Schenevus, and has a seating capacity 
for four hundred. At the erection of the house the 
church had a 'membership of eighty-five, and in 1871 of 
one hundred and forty. The house and parsonage, at 
the present writing, is valued at $7,500. The preacher 
now, in 1875, is Rev. Mr. Wells. 

A Methodist church was organized at Elk creok about 
1830, Rev. Lyman Marvin, the first preacher, and had a 
membership of some forty. A house was erected in 
1857 at a cost of $800, and had a seating capacity of 
three hundred. At the time of writing the church 
property is valued at $2,000. Present preacher, Rev. 
Mr. Brown. 

In 1840 a Methodist church was organized at Crom- 
horn Valley, with a membership of fifteen. A house 
was erected in 1841, with a seating capacity of three 
hundred; repaired in 1867, and the present estimated 
value is $2,000. 

A Methodist church was organized on South Hill about 
1840, and has a membership of twenty-five ; house, with 
seating capacity for two hundred, erected in 1850, at 
a cost of $2,500. 

Zion's Evangelical Lutheran church, of Maryland, was 
organized in 1866, by Rev. George W. Enders, the first 
pastor, with thirteen members. Their church was 
erected in 1867, at a cost of $3,400, with seating 
capacity of three hundred. Present membership, fifty- 

The Society of Friends, at an early day, had a " meet- 
ing " house in the west part of the town, but after the 


schism of 1828, caused by EMas Hicks, a house was 
erected just within the bounds of the town of Mil ford. 

There are nineteen school districts and parts of dis- 
tricts, with seventeen school houses. The number of 
children of school age is seven hundred and forty-ninOj 
the number attending school is five hundred and ninety- 
nine, and the average attendance is two hundred and 
eighty-five. The value of school houses and sites is 

In the above is not included the school and school 
property of Schenevus. Of that, the cost of gix)unds, 
house and furniture, is some $10,000 ; the number of 
teachers, three; and the average number of scholars 
is one hundred and fifty. 



This place has "figured" considerably at various 
times, for many years, and, though more by individuals 
than by the public, it still possesses interest enough for 
the reader to be afforded a place, but it will be in as 
condensed form as possible. Jerahamel Houghton was 
the first actor, and made the first movement and struck 
the first blow as a commencement for the settlement of 
the place. He built the house now standing and known 
as the " Carpenter House," with stone basement, in the 
'* bank " at the foot of the hill, on the east side of the 
brook that passes the eastern portion of the village. In 
the basement of that house he had a store of goods as 
early (as is shown by his still existing sign) as 1794. 
Soon after this he built a distillery for the manufacture 
of whiskey, which was the first in town ; and pot long 
after he erected a building for an asliery, and commenced 
making potash. Being a " business man" he soon had 
an extensive business for those early days. Having 
arisen by regular gradations in military office up to that 
of colonel, he was in a position to be looked up to and 
be held in high respect. The recently closed Revolu- 
tionary ^Xav, and the then threatened second war with 


Great Britain, aud finally proclaimed war of 1812, created 
and kept alive an active and hot war spirit and venera- 
tion for military men. 

Military trainings were frequent, and company train- 
ings for an extended district, population Ijeing sparse, 
were held at Colonel Houghton's, which drew together 
a multitude of people aud much patronage to his busi- 

The natural excitement caused by the war was in- 
creased by the volunteering of men for the army at the 
company trainings, aud afterwards by the drafting of 
men. On the flat land across the creek south of Colonel 
Houghton's, on the farm of Mr. Kice, afterwards of Mr. 
Cable, was a clearing on which Colonel Houghton's 
regiment sometimes paraded and trained, and the evolu- 
tions of the troops among the stumps was quite amusing, 
but said by military men to be good. 

For several years at " Jaff's," as Houghton was fam- 
iliarly called by his friends, was a stirring and busy 
place. About 1814 Houghton sold out to a school 
teacher by the name of Nathaniel Carpenter and went to 
Ohio. But, before discharging him, Ave will relate an 
amusing anecdote in which he was an actor. In early 
times, before there was any road from Chase ville north, 
people in the settlement in that direction, if no more 
than one mile off", must, to get on the " creek road," go 
some two or three miles round and come out at the now 
Maryland station. A road was much needed and much 
talked of, but any close observer now will see that, as the 
steep and abrupt side of " Pine hill " extended into the 
gulch or brook, the difficulty in the way of getting a 


road was very great, and especially with the limited 
means and amonnt of highway work of those days. At 
length, however, a road was " laid out" and work com- 
menced on it, but the process of building it was tedious 
and slow. Houghton, of course, was as anxious as any 
one the road should be opened and be made passable, 
and encouraged it all he could, for he very well knew 
it would increase his " trade." Among other things, to 
encourage and hurry the work, he offered to give a gal- 
lon of whiskey to the men who should first drive a pair 
of horses and wagon over the road. Now, none inter- 
ested " got drunk," yet all loved whiskey, except 
Phineas Spencer, who was " odd " in relation to the use 
of intoxicating drinks, as are his descendants, and drank 
none, and resolved to practice a joke on " Jaff" and at 
his expense, and get the whiskey. Accordingly the 
logs crossing the road were cut and rolled away, then 
a pair of horses were harnessed before a wagon, levers 
and ropes procured, which, with a sufficient number of 
men for help to keep the wagon " right side up," the 
team was driven over the road and " brought up" at 
*' Jalf 's." The whiskey was obtained, and a regular 
"jollification" ensued. They drank and told stories, 
joked and sang songs, laughed and danced to their 
hearts content, until the whiskey was used up. How- 
ever, the joke, as Houghton anticipated, and no doubt 
as intended by the participants, operated to his advan- 
tage, for the work on the road was driven forward, and 
it was soon made passable, and he had their patronage. 
Where the village now is there was at an early day 
a saw mill built, a cloth dressing and fulling mill, a 


tavern opened, and various mechanics opened shops. 
In 1822 Daniel Houghton, brother to Jerahamel, opened 
a store a little east of the present village. A tannery 
was built and tanning commenced about 1830, which 
did, for a time, considerable business, but by misman- 
agement it involved many wealthy men, and by trickish 
outsiders, pretended friends and helpers, the property, 
for a mere song, was wrested from the owners, and a 
general crash or " break down " folloAved, crushing many 
of the bfest families and entailing much distress and 
misery. It was finally consumed by lire, causing a loss 
to insurance companies, but a benefit to the town and 
vicinity in the saving of timber from destruction. The 
name of Mr. Cable has been mentioned, and of whom an 
amusing " yarn is spun," which we will relate : He was 
a Dutchman, (pure blooded) being honest, upright, in- 
dustrious and a good farmer, and he had a son, Jona- 
than. In the season for planting corn he had manured, 
highly cultivated and nicely planted a field to corn, and 
in telling his neighbors of it he said, " Jonathan and / 
have done our duty, now if God does His we will have 
a fine crop ;" meaning, no doubt, the common expression, 
" if God blesses it," for he was a good Christian. 





The town of Mary land is one of the southern tier of 
towns in the county, and the second one from the eastern 
boundary. It is bound south l>y Delaware county, east 
by the town of Worcester, north by Westford, and west 
by Milford. The principal stream is the Schenevus 
creek, to which all others are tributary, and this flows 
westerly and empties into the Susquehanna river. The 
valley of this stream is one thousand feet above the 
ocean, but some fifty feet less above tidewater. It has 
its rise at a spring on the summit of the Albany and 
Susquehanna railroad, the same from which rises the 
Cobleslvill creek, which flows easterly and empties into 
the Hudson river. The Schenevus creek has many 
tributaries, but the largest, in Maryland, are the Elk 
creek and the " Piatt" creek, and it receives the dis- 
charges of several small lakes, two of which are in the 
town. One of some two miles in circumference, near 
Schenevus, and a quite small one, and that about half 
grown over with a floating deposit of leaves and other 
vegetable matter, on " South Hill." There is a lake on 
the summit of " Cromhorn" of some three miles in cir- 


cumfereuce, and which, though within the boundaries 
of Maiyland, discharges its waters into the Susquehamia 
river. The streams in early days were bountifully 
stocked with trout ; but in later times the fish in small 
streams up which the female trout ascended to spawn 
were taken by bushels with the hands, baskets and nets, 
the shallow waters being dammed on the rifts or shoals, 
and the young, small trout by thousands driven into the 
the pools and then skimmed out. Again, lakes contain- 
ing piclvcrel were dammed to raise the water for mills or 
to operate machinery, and these breaking away discharg- 
ing their waters carried out the pickerel, which destroyed 
the trout in the largei" streams, and now they are very 

Within the boundary of the town are a portion of five 
tracts of land. Two called " State's land," one called 
Spencer's patent, one Provost's patent, and one Frank- 
lin's patent. The town is hilly, but all hills are culti- 
vated from base to summit, and produce good crops, 
even such as descend towards the north. " South Hill," 
a spur of the Catskill Mountains, has the greatest eleva- 
tion, and rises from two hundred to three hundred feet 
above the valleys. The soil is vegetable mold, inter- 
mingled with disintegrated rocks and rests on hard pan. 
Its productions are those growing on a rather cool soil, 
such as grass, potatoes, oats, buckwheat and rye. On 
and near the surface are found an abundance of excellent 
building stone, the newly formed sandstone of red, grey 
and white colors, and the mountain rests on a layer of 
great depth of a species of limestone. 

The productions of the town are wheat, rye, barley, 


corn, o:its, buckwheat and potatoes, and it produces 
abundantly of hops, peas and beans. Fruits, as apples, 
pears and plums, are good ; grapes are a fair crop, of 
the hardiei' kinds, and the small fruits are abundant. It 
has o'rounds for tairs or cattle shows cont^aining eighteen 
acres, in ijood condition and having ofood buildino^s. 
The annual exhibitions of horses, cattle, sheep, &c., 
compare favorably with those of other annual Fairs. 

When the "country was new" wild beasts were 
numerous ; deer in multitudes, and some elk were found 
in the valley through which flows the stream which 
received its name from those animals, and bears, wolves 
and panthers were so many that calves and sheep were 
destroyed almost entirely if allowed to " run at large," 
and even older cattle were frequently killed. There is 
one sulphur spring, the only mineral spring at present 
known. This is some one and a half miles from 
Schenevus. Lead, nearly pure, was found and used by 
the Indians and one or two white men, but the place has 
been lost because the parties to whom it was known 
refused to divulge their secret. Traces of copper and 
zinc have been detected, and a 'beautiful specimen of 
graphite was found at the mouth of a mountain stream 
near the eastern boundary of the town, which indicated 
there was more higher up the stream. Various kinds 
of iron ore are found, and of some kinds an abundance. 
A stream called " Eed brook," flowing from a swamp on 
South Hill, deposits an oxide from bog ore on the stones 
throughout its entire length in such abtuidance the water 
appears red as it passes over the stones, but clear when 
dipped up. Near the above swamp, but on higher 


ground, UDtl found by its cropping out, is a vein of 
franklinite iron ore some nine feet thick, and with it is 
evidently some zinc. This kind of iron ore is considered 
very vakiable for some purposes, and indeed for some 
purposes no other iron can take its place. This ore 
possesses a curious peculiarity : when calcined, one end 
of a piece applied to a magnetic needle will attract it, and 
the other end will repel it, and the same operation with 
the opposite pole will produce a vice versa effect. Not 
far from the above vein is found ore, and near the sur- 
face of the ground a stone, the under side of which con- 
tains a coating of a tarry consistence, and this stone is 
highly attractive to the magnet needle, so much so that 
a surveyor's compass v/ill not traverse in the vicinity of 
it. In the village of Schenevus and vicinity are abun- 
dant traces of clay iron stone. On the lands of Henry 
Wilcox crops out a vein of this ore of considerable thick- 
ness. It will readily melt in a " blacksmith's " fire, and 
then, like putty, can be formed into any shape, and, no 
doul)t, might be made available for valuable purposes. 
Among specimens of iron ore presented by the writer to 
an analytical chemist, due of magnetic ore, found near 
Cromhorn lake, contained ninety per cent, of iron. 

Under the franklinite ore there has been discovered a 
vein of bituminous coal of good quality, and it is thought 
by experienced miners that while it is geographically 
high that it is geologically high enough to be an exten- 
sive deposit. Still lower down, and at the foot of the 
hill, there is a large stream of water, which proceeds 
from beneath the al)ove layers, and that constantly, but 
irregularly, ebbs and flows. This, and for some distance 


down the stream, deposits on the stones a coating of a 
kind of lime. 

Originally large quantities of white pine, about the 
only species found in this vicinity, of excellent quality, 
was distributed in various parts of the town, both on 
high and low grounds, and also on wet and dry grounds. 
Even where Schenevus now is stood enormous pine 
trees. Besides pine there are several kinds of oak ; 
several of maple and birch ; then of the walnut family 
there is hickory, shagbark, bitternut, pignut and black 
walnut; of beech there are two kinds, cherry two, hem- 
lock two, ash four; then there is a spucc, balsam of fir, 
butternut, whitewood, hackmatack, tamarack, l)oxwood, 
chestnut, and a great number of other kinds. Wild fruits 
are abundant and of great variety. 

The town has an area of thirty-two thousand and two 
hundred acres, with an assessed value of $430,445. The 
population in 1870 was two thousand four hundred and 
two. It manufactories and mills, except six saw mills, 
are within the villages. 

It is difficult for the present residents of the town to 
realize the hardships endured by the first settlers. In a 
dense wilderness, amidst howling beasts of prey, and far 
away from relatives and friends, with no means of see- 
ing or hearing from them — no postoffices, no mails. 
Their houses were merely rough shelters of logs, through 
which the piercing l)lasts freely entered and cold storms 
and snows beat. The windows were paper and floors 
were the earth, as there were no boards before there were 
mills, and roofs were of brush and bark. The coarsest 
food sustained animal nature, and coarse and scanty 


clothing covered their limbs, many times the skins of 
beasts. Sugar, coffee, tea, and the spices and condi- 
ments now so freely used were nowhere to be found 
among them. Their physicians were — abundant exer- 
cise, the pure air, abstemious diet. 

Their crop of agricultural productions were small, 
because the limited space of cleared land could produce 
but little. Often was a day's work given for a peck of 
corn, and often did families go to bed on a supper of 
roasted potatoes. The nearest mills were at Cherry 
Valley and Schoharie, and the roads to them were mere 
bridle or cow paths, so that if horses could be had to 
" go to mill," it would take to go and return two days 
with a little grist, and often had the grist to be " carried 
and brought " on the back of a man, and many the tale 
of the descendants of early settlers, told as handed 
down to them, of families, "when the grist did not 
come and the cow could not be found, going supperless 
to bed." For some years the only fruits the first settlers 
ate were the wild fruits of the forest. 

But the forest fell before the axeman, and the sturdy 
pioneers widened their domains of "clearings." The 
forest was " slashed," the trees felled in winrows as tar 
as they could be, and the others and larger ones were 
srirdled. When the leaves and small boughs of the fallen 
trees became dry the " slashing" was fired, and then, 
with some " picking up " of the smaller remnants, the 
ground was considered ready for seed. As the climate 
was healthy, the water soft and pure, and air " bracing," 
the people were healthy, and as they were industrious, 


honest and truthful, with the warmest and truest feelings 
of friendship for their neighbors, it is doubtful, notwith- 
standing their hardships, it any people amidst the ease 
and luxuries of the 'present day, are as truhj happy as 
they were. 

As population increased and the " country improved," 
for the youth amusements began to spring up, and for 
many miles around the lads and lassies occasionally 
congregated togethei-. Huskings were of the first that 
drew a merry company together of an evening. Old 
and young commingled to husk the loads of corn that 
were stored on the barn floor, and while in joyful mood 
stories were told, jokes, laughter and songs had a place, 
the husked ears constantly flew to increase the golden 
piles. If among the " young ones" some ears " acci- 
dentally " went the wrong way and hit some mate it 
increased the sport. As nine o'clock came the husking 
was closed up, "pumpkin pie" was " handed around," 
and it was not uncommon the " youngsters " went to the 
house, the " things " were " cleared out of a room," and 
the company had a pla}^ of two or three hours. Next 
came pumpkin, or " pumpkin bees," as they were called, 
At these, after the company had assembled and was 
seated in a room " cleared " for the puri)ose, the pump- 
kins were brought in and one man with a long knife, a 
" case" knife or a " butcher" knife, cut the pumpkins 
through the middle into two parts, or " halves," and 
then men or girls with iron spoons took out the seeds 
and " innards," The next move was to " ring them," 
cut them into rings some half an inch thick, and then 
they were pared. The ends that would not make rings 



were cut iu small pieces after being pared and " stewed " 
for pies. Previously poles, the thickness of a mau's 
wrist, had been placed at short intervals " overhead iu 
the kitcheii," find on these poles the puujpkin rings were 
hung; then the girls and the boys " fell to," " cleared 
the things away" and "put all to rights ;" then was 
" carried around" the " pumpkin pies," and after this 
the play began and was " carried on " with spirit. 

Soon as the land was cleared and in condition for 
flax, much of that commodity was raised and prepared 
for spinning, and spinning bees were in vogue. The 
flax, carefully hatcheled, was nicely " done up," put up 
in a very curious manner in packages that would make, 
of some number of yarn, a "• half run " or a " run," as 
the case might be. Some one of the family went among 
" the neighbors " from house to house with packages of 
flax, and each female, and particularly the girls, took 
what they could spin, (and a pretty generous stock 
was taken, too) Avith instructions to spin it such a 
" number " and return the yarn on a certain day. \Mien 
the day arrived the girls were " on hand" with their 
yarn, (and their beaus were there, too) and the yarn 
was carefully examined — all good, none condemned ; but 
it would "leak out " which girl was the best spinner, 
and close observins: mammas would see their daughters' 
beans' eyes " sparkle." In those da^'s " works " told." 

Soon " the table was set "for supper, and the boun- 
teous and generous repast partaken with a keen relish. 
Appetite good, and unbounded good will and good feel- 
ing pred(>minant. Supper over, the girls " fell to " to 
help clear away the things, and the room was soon in 


readiness for the play. But the surprise ! Soon one 
<rirl was asked to " dance a fiojure," and another 
jrirl was asked to " dance a figure," and soon there was 
a " flooring " in readiness, and the fiddle began to scrape 
in tuning, and, oh, the mazy dance ! It had been learned 
by a few individuals a fiddler had "moved in " a few 
miles away, and while this was kept a secret he had 
been privately engaged f(>r the occasion, hence the sur- 
prise. Orchards had been planted, and apples began to 
grow, and in the early years " apple bees" came, ia 
vogue. These collected the young people from miles 
around, and these " bees" were generally attended with 
a dance. There was exhibited at the " rustic reels " of 
those days an agility and a suppleness in their " double 
shuffles " and " cut downs " that w^ould put to the blush 
many of the gay and " fashional)le " dancers of the 
present time, and there are now living of the dancers of 
half a century and more ago many that could pVobably 
still do it. 

With all the hardships and disadvantages of those 
early days there is no doubt the youth had more true 
and innocent enjoyment, and more genuine happiness 
than do the youth of the present day. Instead of being 
reared to lives of ease, amidst plenty and luxury, and 
taught indolence was refinement and an introduction to 
the refined circle, they were reared when coarse fare 
and honest, earnest industry gave health and strength to 
liml) and body, and taught true, noble and manly inde- 
pendence consisted in producing the necessaries for 
supplying their own wants. The boys helped clear 
and fence lands, and " to plow and sow, and to reap and 


mow," and the girls " spun and wove, and parents 
throve." Girls spun and wove and made their own 
clothing, linen and woolen, and earned their own " set- 
ting out" in beds and bedding, in "table linen and 
towels," and mothers and daughters spun, wove and 
made the clothes worn hy the " men folks." Cotton 
cloth, if known, was not worn, and " tinware," if known, 
was not used. There was very little crockery for table 
use, some pure " china," or porcelain. Pewter was 
much used for plates, platters, pans and l)asins, and 
" l)rown earthern " pans for setting milk. 

From those sturdy, worthy and just pioneers has 
sprung an intelligent, temperate, moral, industrious and 
frugal population, and pros[)erity has followed. Mary- 
land has grown to be a [)lcasant and prosperous village, 
with stores, manufactories and mechanics. The site of 
the Spencer mills is still occupied by mills, and the 
Xathanlel liose tavern, much enlarged and improved 
from the original, still stands. Rosevillc — Chascville — 
has grown to be a village only second to Maryland, and 
Elk CreeU has arisen to the dignity of being called a 
village ; while Schenevus has arisen to the importance 
of claiming space for cons dcral)ly extended note here- 
after. \\'ealthv farmers, with well-cultivated farms and 
good farm houses are in every direction, showing im- 
provement and a general prosperity throughout the 
whole town. How great the contrast of 1790 with 1875 ! 
From no postotfice the town now has four. From no 
comfortable roads, they are now in everj^ direction, and 
far more, there is the " iron track " trampled by the iron 
steed, transporting the people where desired in parlors 


for carriages hundreds of miles away in a single day, 
and in a few days to the remotest parts of the continent ; 
and then their messages, winged like thoughts, fly to 
the remotest cities of our own and other countries with 
almost instantaneous speed. 




That the Indians, if not residents in this town any 
great length of time, there is good evidence they were 
at least encamped for a period. Innnraerable flint arrow 
heads have been fonnd in the valleys and on the hills, 
which is evidence they were shot at game in hnntmg. 
Elisha Chamberlin, a first settler, had on his farm a 
rocky ledge, and in those rocks was a spacious room, 
afterwards called the stone house, which gave evident 
signs some of it was the work of hands, and there was 
found in it charcoal and wood partially burned. In 
excavating around the lake near Schenevus, arrow 
heads, flint tomahawks, trinkets and various Indian 
notions were found, also human bones in such positions 
as the Indians bury their dead. 

A granddaughter of Timothy Murphy resided for 
some time at Schenevus, and she had heard him tell of 
his and Colonel Harper's scouts with the redskins in the 
place and vicinity. She had also heard him tell that 
Brant and his Tory and Indian allies had twice passed 
through the now tov/n of Maryland, once going north 
toward Cherry Valley, and once to the Susquehanna. 

A vague and " undefinable" belief always existed that 


Tories :intl Indians hid stolen or "British" gold netir 
ScUc'nevii;j, and this was hnnded do^^'ii to .successors and 
kept alive ,by Indians at various times visiting the place, 
and their supposed strange movements, and also strange 
movements of" some white visitors. In 1870 an Indian 
claimin<'' the suffix of M. D. arrived, and hung around 
for a long time. After this two strangers, white men, 
drove up to a farm house a mile or two from the village 
and had their horses put into a stable, and themselves 
went ofl'. They were, however, soon seen in certain 
fields apparently recon)ioitering, and as it in close 
search. After a few hours they returned, got out their 
horses and drove off. Some days after this they 
returned at early evening, and after putting their horses 
in the stable went away ; but some time in the night 
returned, took their horses and drove off. These strange 
movements excited the curiosity of some persons, wdiich 
was greatly increased from the report that the men of 
mysterious movements were descendants of Tories living 
in Schoharie county in Revolutionary \A'ar times. A 
search was instituted for the cause of their strange con- 
duct, when it was found measurements had been made 
from certain springs and other permanent landmarks, 
stakes stuck, an excavation of earth made at a certain 
point, and the dirt thrown out had been returned. On 
re-opening the hole, at the clay bottom was the plain 
form, legs and all, of a " fire place dinner pcjt," of early 
pattern, and near it a flat stone, evidently hammered to 
tit it as a cover. 

Dr. Nathaniel Hazen, mentioned as an early settl<n*, 
or some years previous to his death dwelt alone. In 


the autumn of 1857 he weut iiw:iy, and as he was fre- 
quently absent for many clays, or even two or three 
weeks at a time, nothinsr was thoui^fht of his continued 
absence for some time, but after a time his friends made 
enquiries for him, and learning nothing, they felt anxiety, 
and with more enquny and search, and the protracted 
absence, anxiety became fears for his safety, and a 
diligent, closer and more extended search was made. It 
was o^iscertained he started to visit, on invitation, a 
family some live miles away, that they wished to buy 
some of his valuable medical recipes and some other 
things. On the way he was seen by several persons, 
who conversed with him and learned where he was going. 
Within one-fourth of a mile of his visiting place, but 
not in sight of the house, he found several men at work, 
sat down and rested and conversed with them, and they 
learned of his visit and the cause of it, and that ended 
the trail. The family denied his having come there, or 
of having seen him. Suspicion and excitement were 
created, and hundreds of men made enquiry and search. 
At length spring came, and hundreds turned out' to 
search the premises, the house, the fields and vicinity, 
without avail ; but after some days his lifeless body was 
found lodged under a stick of wood in a mountain 
stream some half a ujile from the above-named house, 
where the water, in spring freshet, had run over him. 
Ills mittens, rubbers and bits of clothing were found in 
the stream below him, but the diligent and careful 
search of hundreds found nothing of the considerable 
amount of silver coin it was known he had carried in his 
pocket, his metai tobacco box, his watch, or even his 


heavy pocket knife. At a protracted and searching 
coroner's inquest it was found some bones were much 
broken, and some other bodily injury sustained, but 
no leijal evidence was adduced to convict any person. 

Fires. — Besides those mentioned elsewhere are the 
following : A distillery near the now Worc(^ster line ; 
the dwelling house of Joseph Worden, about 1827 ; an 
old house of Daniel Seaver ; In 1873, the house for 
years known as the C;iptain Rose tavern house ;^ two 
saw mills and barn of J. C. Burnside and H. Spencer ; 
in or about 1872, at Maryland station, steam saw mill of 
Mr. Ray ; and not far from the same time, at the same 
place, a wood-working mechanic shop ; the dwelling of 
B. Wightman, of Maryland, burned about 1855 ; the 
Crippen flouring mill, at Chaseville, burned about 1870. 
At Schenevus, the tannery of A. H. Brown, hardware 
store of John Milk, and shops of P. Brown; a barn of 
J. E. Tyler, in 1872, or near that time, burned; about 
1840, a blacksmith shop belonging to A. Hotchkin ; 
August 21st, 1875, sash and blind fectory of Lane & 
Hotchkin and other buildings ; In 1875, C. Brownell's 
house burned; about 1873, M. Webster's house burned. 

When long concocted rebellion broke forth with mur- 
derous fury to destroy the free government of the 
people, and beloved by them, two hundred and twenty- 
five sons of the town of Maryland met the enemy on the 
gory battle field to join in the terrific struggle. Some 
fell, and are deeply mourned by the people, and with 
the wounded and the afflicted all the good people mourn 
and sorrow. 

The stru<:;<>-lc of 1812 with England called to the battle 


field from Marvland the following' : Samuel Chase, Heman 
Chamberlin, Elisha Chaniberliu, Stephen Scudder, Wil- 
liam Spencer, Jesse Dunham and Henry Crippen ; the 
latter died on the battle field. If there were others 
their friends will please give their names to the writer. 

The wit, humor and anecdotes that might be related 
of early times would fill a volume, but for only a little 
can we find space and time to write. The first trial 
under " lynch lav/" and summary punishment in town 
was within the now village of Schenevus. This was for 
larceny, kidnapping and murder. Daniel Seaver — Uncle 
Daniel, as he was familiarly called — heard one of his 
hogs calling for help with a tremendous squealing, and 
being satisfied the trouble arose from a villainous bruin, 
he instantly seized a heavy handspike that lay near by 
and made pursuit. The bear took an easterly direction 
through the woods, and could easily be followed, from 
the constant squealing of the hog, and was overtaken 
about where the sash and blind factory now stands. To 
save his prey the bear took an instant to kill him and 
prepare for defense, and this instant was occupied by 
the pursuer in making complaint, getting the court 
organized, empaneling a jury, getting a trial and c(>nvic- 
tiou, and sentence of immediate death, and by the execu- 
tioner, who, suiting the action to the sentence, with his 
muscular arms brought with great force the heavy hand- 
spike on the animal's ugck and felled him dead to the 

"Uncle Daniel " was one of those spoken of by St. 
Paul as being " a law unto themselves ;" would do as 
they would be done by. Of the productions of his farm, 


if he had a surplus of such as would " keep over," unless 
in large amount, he declined selling in ordinary seasons, 
but if the article became scarce and suffering was likely 
to ensue, call on " Uncle Daniel " for it, and " O, yes, 
he could spare some," and did " divide with his neigh- 
bors " so long as he had anything to divide, and on 
settling and paying for it not one cent more for it would 
he take than the price it sold for at when plenty. He 
had a loud voice, and his ordinary conversation was 
humorously called " whispering," and said to be heard 
half a mile. Ephraim Boardman was among the earliest 
settlers and lived something over a mile north of Chase- 
ville, "that now is." He was a man of a great deal of 
pleasantry and humor, and greatly enjoyed a "rich" 
joke, and he was much liked particularly by young 
people. One winter morning, after a considerable fall 
of snow, Jacob Spencer and Leander Chamberlin, (sons 
of the first settlers Phineas Spencer and Elisha Chamber- 
lin, mentioned before) with their guns, were passing 
Boardmau's house, when one remarked to the other, 
" Let us go in and hear ' Uncle E[)h.' lie some." This 
was overheard by him ; so w4ien the boys entered he 
was, as usual, very sociable and very glad to see them, 
" wished they had come earlier, it was such a good time 
to catch foxes — there lay (jne under every clump of pine 
bushes over on ' Esquire' Tuttle's side hill, where there 
was no snow, and there were partridges there, too. 
Mart, (he had s), son Martin, a comrade of theirs) had 
waited for them some time, but had gone on and left 
instructions for them to follow, and if the wind had 
filled his tracks with snow they must come over on the 


brink of the hill and hollow and he would answer." The 
brink of the hill was in an easterly direction, more than 
half a mile distant, and the side hill was a " chopping;" 
which extended down to the Elk creek road, where 
was the dwelling of John Tuttle, Esq., now Samuel 
Hubbard's. Elated with the prospect of catching foxes, 
the boys trudged through the snow to the brink, and 
called for Mart., but no Mart, replied, " so he must bo 
so far down the hill he could not hear, and they must 
go down." But here was a ditficulty : The west wind 
had blown the snow over the brink till the perpendicular 
or overhanging east side of the drift was twenty-five or 
more feet high. After thinking, studying and planning 
for some time, they resolved to go to the edge and slide 
down, but on nearing the edge the hard drifted snow 
broke, and with them went to the bottom. However, 
after much fioundering, they escaped from the avalanche, 
and re-commenced their search for Mart. But after tug- 
ging amidst stumps and bushes and climbing over logs 
till they were tired out, and hollowing and shouting for 
Mart, till they were hoarse, the thought flashed into 
mind " Uncle Eph."had heard their unmannerly expres- 
sion, and they were getting their punishment and the 
full benefit of " Uncle Eph.'s lies," and commenced a 
move for home. Their only way was down the Elk 
creek road to the bridge at the main road, then to Mary- 
land Centre, now station, and thence eastward up the 
hill home, a distance, in all, of some four or five miles. 
However, they succeeded in finding Mart, enjoying the 
day at Col. Houghton's. 

There is an amusing yarn spun from a trade between 


Boardniiui and said Jacob Spencer. The former had a 
very pretty gun, which the latter wanted, and there had 
been some chaffering between the parties in relation to 
a trade, the gun on one side and a watch on the other. 
By some means the barrel of the gun had become bent, 
and was quite crooked. This the owner contended 
" was a very great advantage in shooting deer around 
'Round hill.'" There was a hill called " Ronnd hill," 
and near it was a grass plot where deer congregated, 
but in attempting to get a shot at them they ran round 
the hill and were quickly out of reach. " But this gun," 
the owner said, "would spin a ball around that hill 
farther than any gun could send a ball straight ahead ; 
for in going straight ahead the ball pressed the air 
together till it was so hard it produced great resistance, 
and greatly retarded the l)all ; but spinning around it cut 
through the air, and that little gun would shoot, I tell 
you now, Jacob. Why, the first deer I pointed it at 
after it was bent had got half way around the hill when 
I pulled the trigger, and hang ivent the deerT 

On the other hand, " the watch," the ov/ner said, 
" was a most dreadful good one, and could outrun any 
watch about there, if that little defect, that broken 
wheel, was mended, and that was nothing, for he had a 
piece of brass, and a wheel could be cut out with 
a knife." The gun and watch were exchanged. 

It has been said " bang goes the deer" was the origin 
of " pop goes the weasel," and that Aaron Day, who 
sometimes "coined music" and "figured" some in. the 
time of or just before the noted fiddler, the elder Peter 
Van Slyck, was the author. 


Joshua Knapp, or Uucle Josh, as he was called in the 
early days of Seheuevus, caused considerable auiusemeut 
and laughter material. " He would drink Avhisky and 
get boozy and happy, but not drunk," as he said. 

In the eastern part of the town the hill called Pine 
hill was covered in early days with a growth of fine pine 
timber, and Uncle Josh was a shingle weaver and ob- 
tained his stock from that hill. The owner, whom we 
will call Provost, knew of his depredations, and through 
others sent requests for him to let the timber alone, and 
finally sharp remonstrances ; but it availed nothing in 
saving the timber. At lens-th he came on himself, saw 
Uncle Josh, and remonstrated, but could get no promise 
or assurance of better conduct. Failing in this, he told 
the trespasser " he would make him an offer and buy 
him off. If he would let the rest of the timber on the 
lot alone, he would give him all he could get from such 
a portion of it ;" said to have been some forty acres of 
good timber. Uncle Josh listened attentively, and after 
apparently considering it some moments, exclaimed : 
" Mighty generous, Mr. Provost, mighty generous, but 
I can't do it — I can't take your offer, for if I should 
when the timber you would give me was used up I would 
have no place to get any more !" 

Uncle Josh planted with corn, on shares, a piece of 
land on the farm of L. Griswold and had done every- 
thing necessary and in good order till it had been hoed 
the second time, which he supposed to be enough; but 
Griswold thinking differently, and urging a third hoeing, 
an altercation ensued. Meetino- when both had been 
" taking a little," but Uncle Josh a little the " deepest," 


Griswold commenced the subject with the question, 
"Will you hoe that com, Uncle Josh :" and received 
for reply, "I shan't do it. Neighbor Griswold!" The 
latter stormed, and threatened to whip Uncle Josh if he 
did not promise to hoc the corn again, and receiving 
constantly for answer, " I shan't do it, Neighbor Gris- 
wold !" pitched in, and, for reasons before mentioned, 
fell on " top of the heap," and gave the culprit a severe 
" drubbing ;" then again, " Will you hoe that corn again. 
Uncle Josh?" and again the response, "I shan't do it, 
Neio-hbor Griswold." Then followed another " drub- 
bing,"and then the stereotyped question and the response, 
" 1 shan't do it, Neighbor Griswold," till the latter, 
from exhaustion, stopped the "drubbing," and Uncle 
Josh was the victor. 

As we are about to take leave of Uncle Josh, an 
inclination arises to record a just tribute to liis son. 
Carpenter, or Carp., as he was called, as it may find 
and stimulate something good in other barren or weedy 
places. When a lad the closest scrutiny could scarcely 
detect one particle of the valuable in his composition, 
till attending writing school the surprising discovery was 
made his forte was penmanship. His proficiency was 
so rapid he soon passed from the pupil to the teacher ; 
first in country places, then in larger places, and, finally, 
in cities. His ability and skill soon attracted the atten- 
tion of a noted penman (Rightmyer) who called on him 
and made overtures for a copartnership, which were 
accepted. The latter having some money, they com- 
menced getting out copy writing books for learners, of 
various kinds, for diff'erent ages and degrees in profi- 


ciency ; and, then, soon followed the publishing of 
several works on penmanship, exhibiting by cuts and 
explanations his system, and showing its beauty, ease of 
learning, and its advantages over other systems, accom- 
panied with beautiful specimens of pen cuts and flour- 
ishes, scarcely to be equaled by engravings and types. 
They furnished and sold vast quantities of steel pens, of 
difierent sizes, forms and styles, originating with them, 
for the difierent business hands of Kuapp's system, and 
for cuts and flourishes. These pens were manufactured 
expressly for them in Liverpool. Knapp lectured con- 
siderably before public schools in cities, and his system 
was decidedly popular, literary men and leading jour- 
nals commending it, and to this day is more used, per- 
haps, than the extolled Speucerian or any other system. 
" Carp." felt the importance of bis position and standing, 
and often, in speaking of early mates, remarked : "Why 
could not such and such boys leave the vulgar throng, 
who are as good by nature as I am, and have a father's 
money to help them, push forward and be somebody, 
instead of jockeying " bosses," as they call those noble 
animals, or have traced to their doors by feathers and 
blood chickens from their neighbor's henroost !" 

If " Carp." had failings and filled an early grave, how 
cuttino; the evidence ao;ainst those who make and sell the 
" accursed stufi"," and those who uphold and encourage 
such things. Though he did not idolize money, or think 
the accumulation of it denoted superior v/isdom, or more 
than a selfish tact ; yet he exhibited a noble trait in 
leaving to a worthy mother a sufficient sum to make her 
comfortable for life, and some to a sister. 


Variety. — Some items, since writing the foregoing, 
press forward for a place for record, if not of particular 
interest to the present reader, and if not in chronological 
order, will be inserted here : 

While in a confessional mood and acknowledging the 
reception of much valuable material for this work from 
an intelligent and Avorthy octogenarian, Mrs. Olive 
Waterman, we confess we write this wolf story, as 
related by her, without her knowledge or consent, and, 
therefore, owe her an apology and thanks for material : 
" One sugar making season, when about twelve years 
old, I was sent with an eight-year-old brother to a sugar 
camp in the woods on South Hill, to assist another 
brother, who was about fourteen years old, in the eve- 
ning. Some time after dark I asked my brother what 
made the brush crack a distance from the fire, and he 
rather carelessly and evasively said, the squirrels ; but 
I knew they were not about at that time of night, yet 
said nothing to frighten my younger brother. When 
the pails were filled with the syrup, the neck yoke to 
carry them in readiness, and we were about to start for 
home, an axe was given to my little brother and a 
lighted torch made of splints and bark to me. The 
brush-cracking continued at a distance until we got 
into the hemlocks, near the creek, when from 
the burning ofi' from the torch a bark band, the light 
fell to the ground and we were in almost total darkness, 
when the cracking came rapidly near us and eyes like 
stars flashed very near us. My elder brother seized 
the axe and had us children kindle the tire fast as pos- 
sible, and soon as a good chance offered we sprung into 


the canoe and pushed across the stream. When we got 
into the clearings on the flats near the house the wolves 
howled their anger for the disappointment of losing their 

In 1847 a building was erected by Isaac Slingerland 
on the corner formed by the intersection of the Elk 
creek road with Main street for a co-operative store. 
Many who took stock, not considering store keeping, 
for obvious reason, was overstocked, were misled as to 
profits made by merchants, and were, after experience, 
dissatisfied, yet charged much to the mismauagement of 
the store. However, it soon became a private or indi- 
vidual store. 

In 1833, Abram Stever made spinning wheels in the 
shop of Alden Chester. This may seem strange to com- 
positors, since they made the types on page 17 say Dr. 
Hazen made " hatchets," when, in fact, he made hatchels, 
to hatchel flax for mammas and lassies to spin. 

A hop yard was planted in 1825, in Schenevus, by 
Samuel Chase. It was one of the first in town if not in 
the county. Jacob Vandusen obtained the roots of his 
friends in Madison county. Hops sold in those years, 
almost invariably, for fifty cents a pound. 

The first cast iron plow in town was bought by Dr. 
'Carpenter, and tried by his "hired man," it is thought 
Daniel Hubbard, who pronounced it a failure, and said, 
" the devilish thing will break all to pieces." However, 
Mr. Green Blivin, a good farmer, who used the plows 
in Greene county. New York, was engaged to test it. 
It was scoured by use in gravelly ground, the gauge " to 
run it to or from land " was properly adjusted, and the 


recommendiition changed to perfection. A Quaker by 
the name of Wood, in Madison county, N. Y., indented 
the plows, and another Quaker, Aaron Wing, of 
Laurens, Otsego county, made them. Wing's first use 
of them was to plow, for wheat, an hundred-acre field — 
an advertisement. 

The medicinal vegetables, Avhose names, if not botan- 
ical in a strict sense, graced Dr. Hazen's pharmacopoeia, 
after acquiring his medical knowledge of his brothers of 
Little Falls, N. Y., and found in his yard, it is said, 
were brought by seeds and bulbs, by the first set- 
tlers, from Spencertown, N. Y., and a few names are 
as follows: Pennyroyal, catnip, peppermint, spear- 
mint, mother-wort, Peter-wort, Johns-wort, spignard, 
(spikenard) rhubarl), smellage, comfrey, caraway, may- 
weed and tansy. The latter, concocted in whisky, was 
always used by farmers in haying and harvest to 
prevent hard work making them sore. Well, in early 
days, when Maryland had four whisky mills, or dis- 
tilleries, and made one and a half or two gallons 
as chemically could be, from the saccharine matter in 
a bushel of rye or corn, instead of the pretended 
our or five gallons of whisky from a ])ushel of the present 
time, when l)edeviled with drugs, it might have had a 
beneficial efll^ect, while now it has a poisonous. And, it 
is said, from Spencertown was introduced apples, plums, 
quinces and currants ; and, it is said, wheat, that would 
grow in Maryland. AVell, the large percentage of 
potash from the ashes made by clearing land, which 
necessarily would be mixed with vegetable mold, made 


the wonderful wheat and probably would do the same 

The flood of August 29th, 1873, for which a desire 
has been expressed might have a record, scarcely reach- 
ing beyond Maryland, and its greatest fury was spent on 
Schenevus. The day was one known by those well- 
informed and close observers, to portend a fearful storm ; 
" could not breathe " was an expression. The heat of 
the sun was reflected by the earth, and so rarefied the 
air breathing was difficult to some. Two clouds, or 
showers, not far apart, arose nearly southwest and passed 
northward till northeast from the village, when they 
encountered a cold blast from the north, Avhich con- 
densed the water}^ vapor, the direction of the storm was 
chahged — "driven back" — and the earth was imme- 
diately deluged with water; as vulgarly expressed, " a 
cloud was broke." Some idea of the deluge and its 
destruction may be gathered from the fact that the water 
commenced to fall at four o'clock p. m., and at five, one 
hour, the stream on flat ground back of the writer's 
house, before dry, running at a rate of forty miles an 
hour, \vas from four to eight feet deep and twenty rods 

In 1864, J. T. Thompson, grandson of J. Thompson, 
who came in in 1794, and on the maternal side of James 
Morehouse, who came from Duchess county (types 
erroneously said, on page 11, Columbia county) built a 
stone general store and with other goods put in a 
stock of drugs and medicines, the first in town. In 
1868, he built the first jewelry store, and in 1870 he 
erected a building for a bank, and opened a banking and 
exchange business. 


About 1870, E. E. Ferrey and Mr. Guy opened a 
shop for the manufocture of bedsteads. 

About 1795, Wilder Rice bought a farm adjoining his 
father-in-hiw, Mr. Tainter, near the east town line, and 
in after years known as the Griswold fjirm, on which is 
a stone house, put up a double log house and opened a 
tavern. The road ran around the foot of the hill, in- 
stead of over it as now, and the tavern stood south of 
the present stone house. It had a department for the 
family and one for the tavern, and has been said had 
doors opposite each other so a pair of cattle could be 
driven through to leave a back log in the fireplace. This 
was made several feet wide and without jambs, the 
flue for conducting off the smoke was made of sticks 
plastered with clay above the mantlepiece, a log crossing 
the house some eight feet above the gn^nid. This farm 
and tavern was sold to Elijah Griswold, who, with his 
three sons, Ezekiel, Lyman and Wickham, came in 
from the Helderberg. 



Ske-ue-vtis, meaning when translated " speckled fish," 
or trout, was the Indian name of the main stream 
passing through the village and town, and when angli- 
cized was taken for the name of the second postoffice 
and for the name of the village. 

In 1793 a small log house was built by a Mr. Sisko, 
and he soon commenced keeping a tavern, but it soon 
passed into possession of a Mr. Freeman, and afterwards 
it again changed hands and passed into possession of 
Obadiah Benedict, who, with his son Hezekiah, kept the 
tavern for some time, and from whom it received the 
name of the Benedict tavern, which it has retained to 
this day, some sixty years, and was for most of the time 
owned by some member of that family. The first house 
stood on the grounds now occupied as the site of the 
present house, called the upper or eastern tavern in the 
village. In 1805 the property passed to David Bene- 
dict, brother ot the former, who kept the tavern during 
his lifetime, when, at his death, it descended to his son, 
Philor, and from him to his heirs. The Benedicts, as 
were Sisko and Freeman, were from Connecticut. 

The season previous to David Benedict taking posses- 


siou of the tavern he sent his son, Philor, a hid of some 
fourteen years, with his farm stock, and as the roads 
were mere bridle or cow-paths in many places through 
the woods, and particularly over South Hill, so-called, 
and often in close contact with wild beasts of prey, the 
undertaking can be better imagined than realized. A 
wolf story is told by a member of the family, and we 
give it as related : 

As said before, wild beasts were numerous and 
troublesome, often making sad havoc among sheep and 
calves, and sometimes with full-grown horned cattle and 
hogs. There v/as a " chopping " of a few acres around 
the tavern, and in a portion of this and in the woods 
Benedict let his stock run in the day-time, but " yarded " 
them at night. Hearing one night a noise, which he at 
once attributed to the " varmints," he immediately 
sprang up, and discovered a wolf on the top of his yard 
fence on the point of springing on to an animal. This 
fence, although ten feet high, the wolf had by some 
means succeeded in mounting. Calling his son, the 
upper part of his bar-room door, a double door, was 
thrown open, and with a gun the best aim that could be, 
in the dim light, was taken, and a discharge made, when 
the. wolf dropped dead to the ground. 

Gershom Bostwick, a son-in-law of David Benedict, 
built a house and shop on the soutb side of the Schenevus 
creek and on the west side of the road ruiniing south 
and passing east from the Albany and Susquehanna 
railroad station. Probably the county has never pro- 
duced a man of more mechanical skill and inventive 
genius than Bostwick. He convinced his father-in-law 


a saw-mill would be a good investment, who, al)out 
1811, in connection with Stephen Brown and Luther 
Follett, built a mill not far from his shop and raised a 
dam, making a pond, from which Bostwick drew water 
to turn a wheel at his shop. 

He soon drew around him a knot of mechanics and 
machinists, among whom was Josiah Crouch, who built 
and dwelt in a house at the corner formed by the road 
that crosses the railroad and the road south of it. Bost- 
wick and Crouch opened a wheelwright and paint shop, 
also a shop for " wooding" cast iron plows, and the 
former beins; skilled in making wool-carding and various 
other machines, had much to do in that line of business, 
<ind was much abroad to " put up " and repair machinery. 
At an early day he made and put in use a wool-carding 
machine for himself, and afterwards he bitllt machinery 
and commenced fulling and dressins: cloth near his 
machine works. The first threshing machine was in- 
vented, patented and applied to use by him and Harry 
Spencer. The first cylinder and spike cider mill was 
invented by him. He invented a machine for fluting or 
corrogating boards for washing-boards, of suitable width, 
any length, at one operation. A machine for turning 
spokes for carriages, a machine for making shoe pegs, 
and one for turning shoe lasts, were all of his invention. 
The endless belt horse power was invented by him, but 
O. Badger, of Fly Creek, substituted chains for belts, 
which he claimed was an improvement, and on which, 
as Bostwick did not oppose him, he applied for and 
obtained a patent for the mere change of material. Bost- 
wick and Bradford Rowe invented and patented an 


" endless screw " horse-power of great power, so much 
so it was difficult if not impossible to make it of strength 
sufficient to sustain it or prevent its breaking. Num- 
erous other improvements that have greatly benejfited 
the world were due to his fertile brain and active inven- 
tive ingenuity" ; but, like thousands of others whose 
labors have been of incalculable value to their race, he 
received but little pecuniary reward. In old age his 
beloved shop, machinery and tools were swept away by 
water — a very great damage and loss, not only to him, 
but to many who needed labor and machine work which 
he alone could do. 

Near the wool-carding and cloth-dressing works of 
Mr. Bostwick, James Tyler commenced similar business 
in 1833, but was soon burned out. 

Peter Koman sold fifty acres on the east side of his 
farm to his son, Cornelius, and in 1810 they built a saw 
mill where the present grist mill now stands, on Race 
street, and a dam where the present dam is now ; and they 
also constructed a race to conduct the water to the mill. 

In 1823, David Shellend built a blacksmith shop a 
little south of west from the place where J. A. Butts 
built his cabinet shop. After that he built a wagon 
shop nearly opposite to it. 

In 1832, Alden Chester built the wagon shop on the 
north side of Main street, now occupied by L. T. Brown 
and L. Grasslield, and had water machinery. Joseph 
Carpenter, the first alopathic phj'sician, settled in about 
1812, and had a house and office about where now stands 
the house of 11. C. Wilson, puichasing the place occu- 
pied by Luther Follett. 


A postoffice was established iu 1829, called Jackson- 
boro', and Joseph Carpenter was the first Postmfister. 
This office was afterwards removed, but some time after 
re-established with the name of Schenevus, and S. H. 
Gurney for many years Postmaster. 

In 1816, Peter Johns, of the city of Hudson, opened 
a store in the east room of David Benedict's house. 
Some matters in relation to the store, and some amusing 
and laughable anecdotes of himself, are told by Johns' 
store clerk, Isaac Slingerland, which we will here 
relate : " Five wagons brought the goods from the city, 
and himself, a lad of some fifteen years, had charge 
of the goods and of the store for some mouths afterward. 
Arriving at Todd's tavern, four miles east from their 
desthiatiou, uear night, they were told by the tavern 
functionary they were on the wrong road some twenty 
miles from Benedict's tavern, that it was over ' South 
Hill,' and the nearest tavern was twelve miles away. 
But, mistrusting it a falsehood to detain them, they 
drove on, and arrived at Benedict's iu the evening, put- 
ting their wagons aud goods in a yard for the night. 
A change from city to country life soon produced home- 
sickness, and a change of diet nothing bettered it. A 
standing dish at table was salt pork fattened ou mast 
(beechnuts), and the landlady (four years after his 
mother-in-law) was unable to get it on the table in little 
better shape than rinds and grease." At sugar season 
he was told trees yield a sap that produced sugar, and 
on eating molasses made from sap his marvelousness 
was further excited, aud to such a degree he enquired 
the process of obtaining the sap, and being informed 


and furnished with tools and implements to tap the 
trees', and vessels to catch the sap, he bounded forth in 
high glee, and in time returned and joyfully reported 
the number of trees he had tapped. But wet blankets 
sometimes dampen or put out the flames of joy. Philor 
Benedict, who had given him the molasses, and so 
greatly elevated his spirits and his joys, when he 
returned from the woods where his and the other trees 
were tapped, reported the fact that the trees tapped by 
Isaac were all hemlock, and dead and dry. Slinger- 
laud, after his marriage, and for a short time had a 
store in Westford, but his mother bought a farm, (a 
piece of the Eoman farm) built a house in 1825 at the 
corner formed by the Elk creek and Schenevus creek 
roads, and opposite the house of Peter Roman. In one 
room of this he for a time had a store of goods. " On 
this farm," he says, " I was intending to have a tine 
piece of corn, and when planting it Mary (his wife) 
came, and in a surprised way enquired how he planted, 
when he replied he put a handful of corn in each hill, 
she took the hoe, and putting four or five corns in a hill 
covered it." 

Colonel Magher, of Cherry Valley, opened a store 
about 1830, nearly opposite the upper or east tavern, 
and in the building now occupied as a dwelling by E. E. 

The Peter Johns store was sold to Daniel Houghton 
and removed in 1822. 

Ezekiel Miller and Amos H. BroAvn opened a store 
about 1831 in a house on the south side of Main street 
and west of the M. E. church, built by Alexander Smith 


in 1822, on the Peter Eoman f:irm, he being a son-in-law 
of Roman. Now I. Carpenter is in the house. 

In 1832, Miller & Brown built a store on lands bought 
of A. Hotchkin, on the north side of Main street, on the 
east side of Thompson's stone store. Land then worth 
$100 per acre. 

A cooper shop was built on Main street in 1826, 
about where the building of B. Manzer now stands- 
Willow baskets were made by G. Virgil soon after. 
John Wilcox opened a boot and shoe shop on Main 
street about this time, he and his cousin Josiah having 
bought C. Roman out, and he then bought the whole. 

The first tin shop and hardware store was opened in 
1844 by A. Hotchkin and A. Swartout, on Main street, 
where Cleveland's boot and shoe store is now. 

In 1832, I. F. Romain had a tailor shop on Main 
street. In 1832, six buildings on Main street. 

Eli Howe and Philor Benedict, in 1827, built a grist 
mill where the mill now is, and some time after, in con- 
nection with Mr. Belknap, built a stone rifle fiictory 
near the mill, and soon commenced the manufacture of 
rifles. The water-power was taken from the mill race. 
John Howe built a saw-mill south of the grist mill and 
a blacksmith shop near b}'. 

About 1835, a Mr. Hoag had a harness shop, and in 
1836 J. Cooley and E. E. Ferrey had it. 

In 1834, Dr. George Hastings, a pupil of Dr. Dolos 
White, of Cherry Valley, came into Jacksonboro'. 

S. S. Burnside, the first counselor and attorney-at-law, 
and first resident Justice of the Peace. 


The Sp«arrowhawk road, leaving the Scheueviis creek 
road a little east from W. Bennett's and west from A. 
Brownell's, and from thence running northerly up the 
hill, and east from the " old Elias Bennett house," was 
discontinued and closed about 1850, and the "■ Smoky 
avenue " street or road " laid out " and opened to travel. 

Under an " act for the incorporation of villages," 
passed April 2Uth, 1870, Schenevus^was incorporated, 
and received a charter the same year. Its present 
population is seven hundred and twenty-six, (726) with 
one hundred and forty-nine families. There are one 
hundred and fifteen dwelling-houses, and one hundred 
and twelve barns ; whole number of buildings, three 
hundred and thirty. The assessed valuation of real and 
personal property is $87,735, $7,000 of which is railroad 
property. Within the corporation limits there are two 
churches, one a Baptist and the other an M. E. church, 
with each an organ and a singing choir. 

Clergymen. — Rev. Mr. Wells, Rev. Mr. Hill, Rev. 
Mr. James. 

Schools. — Free, graded — Mr. Lowell, Mr. Wickham, 
and Miss M. Kelly, teachers. 

Writing. — P. R. Young. 

Hotels. — I. Becker, P. VanEtten, D. Chamberlain. 

Banking and Exchange Business. — J. T. Thompson. 

Pltysicians and Surgeons. — E. E. Houghton, H. W. 
Boorn, P. Simmons. 

Dentist.— R. Follett. 

Attorneys and Counselors-at-Lan\ — J. R. Thompson, 
C. H. Graham, E. E. Ferrey and P. Benedict, George 
Spencer, W. C. Smith, Robert Bush. 


Dry Goods and General Stores. — J. M. Thompson, 
J. McHarg, P. M. Hiimmell, I. Slingerhmd. 

Drugs. — J. M. Thompson, J. McHarg. 

Clot/ling Store. — W. H. Bennett. 

Hardware Store and Tin, Copper, and Sheet-iron 
Shop. — Mills & Gletison. 

Grocery Stores. — D. W. Stever, L. Cyphers. 

Grocery, Books, Stationery and Fancy Store. — A. J. 

Boot and Shoe Store. — F. H. Cleaveland. 

JVeu'spaper, Book and Job Printing. — J. J. & M. M. 

Justice of the Peace. — S. H. Gurney. 

Notary Public. — J. K. Thompson. 

School Commissioner. — N. T. Brown. 

Watcltmakers and Jewelers. — C. Dumont, G. W. 

Marble Works. — A. Albert and C. M. Aylsworth, O. 
P. Toombs and H. Lake. 

Cabinet, Furniture Dealers and Lndertakers. — O. D. 
Walker, E. Butts and J. Ferry. 

Bedstead Manufacturers. — G. Guy and E. E. Ferry. 

Mills.— Guy & FoUett, E. E. Ferry, H. M. Hanor. 

Harness. — L. Waterman. 

Boots and Shoes. — George Holland Spencer, H. Wil- 
cox, E. Flynn. 

Wheelright or Carriage Manifacturers. — P. Brown, 
T. L. Brown, F. T. Starr, H. E. Carpenter. 

Carpenter and Joiner Builders. — J. Manning, John 
Chase, E. Chamberlain, F. Kurej^ 

Tannery. — H. E. Gleason. 

Gun Making. — R. Seward. 


Photographers and Picture Gallery. — P. R. Young 
and E. E. Browiiell. 

Baker. — J. W. Sullivan. 

Blaclcsmiths.—R. Follett. E. Sewarcl, W. O. Mills, P. 
Brown, M. O'Brian. 

Cooper. — P. J. Brady. 

Meats and Vegetables. — T. J. Lewis. 

Painters. — W. J. Merrihew, M. Kelley, W. Kelley. 

Livery. — C. H. Stever. 

Dressmaking. — Mrs. M. A. Kelley, Mrs. B. S. More- 
house, Mrs. I, L. Bulson. Mrs. \Vm. Howe. 

Milliners. — Mrs. G. E. Guy, Mrs. G. Wright, Miss 
A. D. Gilland. 

Tailoresses. — Mrs. C Ham, Mrs. A. H. Rathbone, 
Mrs. H. C. Cooley. 

Music Teachers. — F. E. Page, Milo Kelley, Mrs. J. 
Mills, Mrs. H. C. Cooley. 

Town Hall. — A. Chase, \\\ H. Bennett. 

Cabinet and Variety Shop. — I. L. Bulson. 

Bai'ber. — T. VV. Ennies. 

Postmaster. — S. H. Gurney. 

Organizations. — Schenevus Valley Silver Cornet 
Band. Lodge of F. & A. Masons. Lodge of I. O. of 
Good Templars. Brown Post, Grand Army of the 
Republic. Circulating Library. I. O. ofO. F. 

A great number of names of families press forward 
and claim a place, and the task would greatly please us, 
could we give some written record of remembrance of 
those who, in our early days, were called "our people" ; 
but we fear it would so swell the size of this little vol- 
ume and increase the price, it would not be approved by 


the general public ; yet we feel a laudable desire to give 
the names that come to mind of those who were in town 
three-fourths of a century "agone" — a little more or lit- 
tle less, the most of whom left worthy descendants. 

In the western portion of the town the Burnsides were 
quite numerous, and of whom Gen. S. S. Buruside prom- 
ised to furnish us a chapter, but failed to redeem it. 
The Barnes, for some years there, were first, and for 
many years residents of the south-eastern portion. 
Coons, West, Tallmadge, Rowland, Aylesworth, Gur- 
ne3% Palmer, Piatt, Walling, How, Wilbur, Youmans, 
Jones, Peebles, Peterson, Peaslee, Dibble, Barber; and 
now presses forward names of families of the Dutch per- 
suasion ; Vanduseu, Vandenburg, Vandeboe, Vanalstine, 
Vanzant, Hoose, Hacket, Havens, Ketchum, Swift ; and 
again those of early in the seventeen hundred and nine- 
ties come forward: Andrew Willard, Elijah Smith, 
Daniel Wright, Roger Kelley — a little later, Stephen 
Brown, Porter Seward, Elisha Sperry, Moses Bennett, 
Crippens, Griswolds, Wilder, Wordeu, Wickham, 
Wheeler, Weston, Chapel, Hubbard, Tubbs, Cass, 
Steele, Gunn, White, Lewis, Simmons, Holbrook, 
Wilsey, Wilson, Wells, Dunham, Preston, Lawrence, 
Benson, Bennet — but memory must be held in abey- 
ance, probably final check. 

In conclusion : The writer is not the "oldest inhab- 
itant" in town, but can distinctly remember events that 
have transpired in town in "three-score" and five con- 
secutive years, which, it is thought, is more than any 
other one can. In going back over life's beaten track, 
to commence with earliest dates for the return, necessi- 


tates us to recall babyhood's orphanage ; persons and 
things known in infancy, in boyhood, youth and middle 
age ; and much during a whole life. Recollections of 
the dear old log school house, of our ABC days come 
crowding forward. Those who cared for us in infancy 
and childhood, our childhood and earliest boyhood mates, 
and our earliest school mates — where are they ? gone ! 
is the response. Not one that we are aware is living ! 
Our grand parents, our parents, our uncles and aunts, 
and all our earliest relatives are gone ! all that was once 
familiar, and that was near and dear is gone ! Hundreds 
of scenes and views, and of childish and innocent amuse- 
ment and pleasure — hundreds of things — of animals and 
of birds — and of human faces and forms ; of more than 
half a century ago, are as distinctly in recollection as if 
the time was yesterday, but now passed away — gone. 
Painful, indeed, is the panorama ! The reader may im- 
agine, but cannot realize. But gone will be said of us 
all ; and to the writer the prospect of being gone is grat- 
ifying. Death seems a friend, that relieves us from the 
ills, the pains and sorrows of earth, that we may enter 
Elysian fields and enjoy perpetual youth. 





Dealeis in and Manufacturers of 

Frames and Framing material of every description, 

Chromos, Albums, Stereoscopes, Stereoscopic Views, &c. 

Pakticular Attention given to Copyino old Pictures, and Finishinu in 
India Ink., Oil, Ckayon or Watek Colors. 

P&~Engraviiig and Fine Pen work done to order, at Low Rates. 

P. R. YouNn, E. E. Bkownell. 

T. J. EE^VIS, 

Dealer in 


Fish, Lard, Tallow, and Canned Fruit. 

Nellis Block, Main St., SCHEHEVUS, N. Y. 




Established in 18(59. Assets Represented, $30,000,000. 

Our experience and familiarity with the princiiJes of the business, together with the 
character and standing of the companies represented, enable us to ofl'er all that is 
valuable in 


at the lowest adequate rates. Prudent business men seek undoubted security and 
reliable Limrance at a fair rate of pi'emium ; and will have no business Intercourse 
with insurance quacks or with weak, reckless, inexperienced institutions. We make 
insurance a business, and present the record of our business career as our credentials. 



Teacher of 

Piano^ Resd | Pipe Qrgan^ Harmony! Thorough Bass. 


1 Term, (^4 Lessons,) y, hour each on Piano, $12 00 

1 Term, (24 Lessons,) % hour each on Re^d Orsjan 12 00 

1 Term, (20 Lessons,) % hour each on Grand Pipe Organ, 20 CO 

1 Term, (20 Lessons,) 1 hour each on Harmony or Thorough Base, 20 00 

tuition patable quarterly. 
Mr. Page has studied six years \vith the best teachers of New York and Boston, and 
the system of instruction is the same as that of the (lopservatories of Leipsic, Geimany, 
and Boston, Mass. Lessons on Pipe Organ given at Cobleskill, or at other places 
where access can be had to Pipe Organs. Training of the hands for Piano made a 




Munufacturers of and dealers in 


on hand and made to order oflje^t quality and latest designs. 
J^"A11 orders promptly attended to and satisfaction guaranteed in all casts. 

Sutherland Falls Marble and Low Prices a Specialty. 

Works in basement ol Butts building. Main Street, 


Andrew Albert, C. M. Ayleswokth. 


Dealer in 

Grx*ocei'ies, Emits and. Niits, 

Tobacco, Cigars, &c., 
Walker B'.ojk, Miin St., SCHENEVUS, N. Y. 


Manufacturer of 

Desxks, Wardrobes, Book Cases and Extension Tables, 



Extension Tables at Wliolesale a Specialty. 


Shop over Cleveland & Wright's Boot and Shoe Store, Main St., 


Dealer in 

iii iSiiS.iiSiiiiis, 



Dye Stuffs, Etc., 
Stone Store, Ma n St., SCHENEVUS, N . V. 



The Livliest, Spiciest Twenty-four Column Sheet Published in Otsego County. 
Only $1.25 per Year, in Advance. 

JOB PR JNTING.— Our fiidliUes iire ampla for tlie executi 'ii of good work 
on short notice, iit very moda-ate rates. Coinmcrcial PrintiiiK a Specialty. 

J. J. & M. M. MULTER. 


Builder and manufacturer of 

IDx'essecl Lumber, Etc., Etc., 

Also, Dealer in 

Sash, Blinds, Doors, &c., 

Main Street, QngOnta, It Y. 

John Burt, Jr., Setmouk Scott. 



ONEOPiTa cieaR waMUFacTOBV, 

C. A. SMITH & CO., Proprietors, 
Wholesale and Hetail Dealers in 



Fancj^ OlieAviiig aiicl Smolviiig Tobaccos, 
On^eonta, N. Y. 

J. Mc HARG-, Jr., 

Dealer ix 

Cr'ockery, Boots and Shoes, <£c., 

Main Street, ScllGneVUS, N. Y. 


Manufacturei' of 

Open ^ Top Buggies, Democrat Wagons, ^^c. 

JrW Rppiiiring promptly attended to. 
Stone Shop, Main St., SCHENEVUS, N. Y. 

General Blacksmithing and Horseshoeing, 

stone Shop, Main St., SCHENEVUS, N. Y. 



Gives Special Attention to Filling with Gold, 
Silver, Etc. 




Dealer in 


Foreign ayid Domestic Fabrics, 
G-eneral Merchandise, Etc., Etc. 




Are SelJiri;!; Drills, Medicines. Dye Stuffs. Toilet Articles, 

Etc., Etc., in fuct everythiiii; pertaining to a 

First-class Driiji; Store, 


We liLive the largest stock of 


in tliis section of the county, 

JS" Pure Liquors for Medicinal jmrposes. 


(Successor to Dye & Saunders,) 





Oneonta, IST. Y. 
Policies written in First-class Companies. 



Manufacturers of u^d Dealers in 


consisting in i^art of 

Parlor Suits, Brussels Couches, Extension Tables, 



gW Chamber Suits a Specialty. 

Cbairs in great Variety. Also UNDEETAKEES, and Agents for the Celebrated "STEIN OASSETS." 



Dealer in 


Solid Silver and Plated Ware, 
Si:)ectacles, Fancj' Groocls, Etc., Etc. 


Gold and Silver Plating anci Repairing done Pi'omptly, 


Dealer in 

Lumber, Etc. 
Estimates Care In 1 1 3" m a d e . 


\\^ING^ & EUTHER, 

Mamifactureis of and Dealers in 

Parlor Sets, Cliaiiibor Scls, MaUresa'8, Spriii" Beds, 


Undertaking in all itn branchex, jiroinptly atlended to. 

-; \, rf ^''^^ '*^