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( c si) ysL THE present age 

Temple University, Pennsylvania. Russell H. Conwell, President, writes: 
' Your Punk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary thowt a dear advance in many 
rays, and will command its place in every first-class school, college, or library. 
>ne need not hesitate to urge its adoption anywhere that our language it spoken*" 


New Standard Dictionary 

t is the latest, most complete, and most sumptuous 
lictionary in existence; a necessity in every school and 
tudy. It is the result of the highest scholarship and 
expert skill of over 380 of the world's most distin- 
guished scholars and specialists. 


S0,000 Vocabulary Terms — 50,000 more than any 
>ther dictionary; over 380 Editors and Specialists; 
S2,000 Quotations; 125,000 Synonyms and Antonyms; 
nany Beautiful CoJ^ed Plates; 7,000 Illustrations; 
2ost over $1,450,000. 


University of Notre Dame, Indian*. 
ohn Cavanaugh, President, writes: 
When the old Standard Dictionary 
ppcarcd, I felt that the work o! diction- 
ry -making could hardly go farther. The 
improvement has evidently come. As 
>on as attention is called to the one 
ocabulary idea, the great merit of the 
Ian appears at once." 

University of Denver, Colorado. 
Henry A. Bochtel, Chancellor, writes: 
" The new departures constitute a 
distinct advance over other diction- 
aries. The one vocabulary through- 
out will be a notable addition to 
the value of the book. The two keys 
for pronunciation will be much appre- 


York and London 

Digitized by VjOOV Kc 

The Concise Standard 

[Reg. V. 8. Pat. Off.] 


Of the English Language 

Designed to Give the Orthography, Pronunciation, and Meaning 

of about 35,000 Words and Phrases in the Speech and 

Literature of the EnglishsSpeaking Peoples 


Abridged from the Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary 
of the English Language by 


Editor op Thb Office Standard Dictionary; The Comprehensive Standard 
Dictionary; English Synonyms, Antonyms, and, Prepositions; Etc. 




by Google 


Copyright, 1918 and 1915, by Funk A WagnaUs Company* 
Registered at Stationers 1 Hall, London, England. 

» *^ 


Pbxntbd in tot Units? Statss. 

Digitized by CjOOQLC 


Ths Concise Standard Dictionary is abridged from the Funk & Wagnalls New 
Standard Dictionary of the English Language, and contains about 35,000 words and 
phrases. The basis of selection has been the inclusion of all 
I. The Vocabulary, words that are sure to be used by the average person in his speak- 
ing and writing, with the addition of such words and phrases as 
will occur in the books, papers, and magazines which are most likely to be read; in 
abort, the choice has been for the most part of words at once the simplest and the 
most common. Only such words as should be written with capital initial letters are 
capitalised in the vocabulary. 

The pronunciations are those of the New Standard Dictionary as finally determined 
with the aid of the Advisory Committee of twentyfive leading Philologists and Educa- 
tors, their work being based upon that of the Advisory Com- 
D. Pronunciation* mittee of Fifty to which were submitted the Disputed Pronun- 
ciations in the earlier editions of The Standard Dictionary. 
The pronunciation of words is indicated by phonetic respelling in the characters of 
the Revised Scientific Alphabet, which is designated as Key 1, and also by means of a 
system of diacritic marks such as is much used in text-books and the older dictionaries, 
this older system being called Key 2. The Revised Scientific Alphabet is believed to 
be at once the simplest and most exact alphabet yet devised for use in books of general 
reference. An explanation of the values of the symbols and of the principles of the 
alphabet will be found on the concluding introductory pages. 

In definitions the aim has been to secure the utmost brevity and simplicity con- 
sistent with accuracy. So far as practicable, the method of beginning each definition 
with a definitive statement, as in the New Standard Dictionary, 
m. Definitions. has been here employed. This has been done, even at the cost of 

somewhat enlarging the volume, with the belief that the reading 
tublic will especially appreciate this feature of fulness of definition. Where definition 
_»y synonym has been necessary for the sake of brevity, the endeavor has been to define 
by a word which is itself more fully defined, or by one so simple and familiar that its 
meaning can not be for a moment in doubt. English tables of measures and weights are 
given under these words, and the tables of the metric system under metric. 

The most important prefixes and suffixes are fully treated in the main vocabulary. 
Many of these, especially of suffixes, form derivatives which are self-explaining when 
the meaning of the principal word and that of the affix are known. Hence such a word 
is often indicated by simply giving the suffix after the word to which it is to be adjoined, 
or by entering the derivative in full under the principal word, to give spelling and accent* 
with assurance that the meaning will be readily understood. 

The illustrations, 780 in number (17 of these fitting each a page and containing 
several individual illustrations), have been especially selected as aids to definition, con- 
veying the meaning of terms through the eye to the mind, as in 
IT. The niustrm- many cases mere words can not do. Thus no words can express 
tlons. the meaning of anchor or anvil, or of the contrasted terms en- 

dogen and exogen, so clearly and readily as it is given by a good 
picture; and for totally new products, as the aeroplane, or for very complex subjects, as 
architecture, illustrations are indispensable. 

In the Appendix will be found a set of simple Rules for Spelling; a treatment of 
common faults in diction, with rules and examples helpful in the avoidance of such 
faults; an extensive pronouncing list of Proper Names, ancient 
V. The Appendix* and modern, personal, geographical, literary, etc.; Foreign Words 
and Phrases, with their translations; a list of Symbolic Flowers 
and Gems, with the significance of each explained; and, finally, an explanatory list of 
common Abbreviations. 

It is believed that the book will find favor among the many persons who desire a 
small, inexpensive, and handy dictionary which will give them in a moment the most 
ne c ess ar y information as to the spelling, pronunciation, and meaning of the words and 
phrases in common use. 

J. C. F. 





Comparison of Adjectives; Plurals of 

HF" Where the comparative and SUPERLA- 

of nouns are not given, they are formed 
regularly, according to the simplest rules of 

The pronunciation of plurals of nouns is 
indicated either by respelUng or by the sign (•) 
inserted after the plural form. Example: 
du'ty, dlQ'ti, n. [do'ties*. pi.) The sign (■) 
is used to indicate that the pronunciation of 
the plural is obtained by adding " * ** to the 
pronunciation of the vocabulary word. Thus, 
du'ties is pronounced dlQ'tix. 

Verbs and Their Participles, Etc. 

IF* Where the tenbb and participial 
forms of a verb are not given, add -ed to the 
vocabulary word for the imperfect tense and 
the past participle, and -ina for the present 
participle, except in compound verbs. 

The pronunciation of the participles of verbs 
is Indicated as follows: 

The sign (*) added after a verb, or after 
Roman I., as I*. (when several parts of speech 
are grouped under one vocabulary entry), in- 
dicates that the pronunciation of the past 
participle or imperfect of this verb is obtained 
by adding "t" to the pronunciation of the 
vocabulary word. Example: look*, luk, v. 
By adding M t " to the pronunciation of look. 
the pronunciation of looked, pp., is obtained, 
thus: luk+t-lukt; go blotch, blecn. I*. vt.. 
Indicates that the past participle or imperfect, 
blotched, Is pronounced bleCht. 

The sign (<») added after a verb* or pfter 
Soman I., as I<*. (when several porta or speech 
are grouped under one vocabulary enixy), in- 
dicates that the pronunciation of the part 
participle or Imperfect of this verb la obtained 
by adding "ed" to the pronu Filiation (*i tlie 
vocabulary word. Examples: aov<*n<lk b- 
mend'. By adding " ed " to the pronunciation 
of amend, the pronunciation of amended, 
imp. and pp.. Is obtained, thus: a>m<uiu' t **1 
- 8-mend'ed; so amount, a-maunt'. Id. vt., 
indicates that the past participle or imperfect 
Is pronounced s-maunt'ed. 

The pronunciation of the past participle and 
imperfect of the verbs Is obtained, where no 
sign is given, by adding " d " to the pronunci- 
ation of the vocabulary word. Examples: 
love, luv; loved, luvd; cable, kfi'bl; cabled, 

Compound Words. 

Compound Words are denned under then* 
first element, except when some special reason, 
as of classification, requires them to be grouped 
under the second element. 

The participles and Imperfects of compound 
verbs (if not given with the compounds), as 
disabuse, disagree, will be found under the 
final element of each compound, as under 
abuse, agree. 


Suffixes in Definitions. 

Derivatives formed by means of familiar 
suffixes, when entered without definition, will 
be understood to have the meaning of the prin- 
cipal word, plus the meaning of the suffix (pre- 
fixes and suffixes are entered and defined in 
their vocabulary places). Example: Under 
the verb embalm will be found the noun of 
agency embalmer, readily understood to 
mean " one who embalms." 

Suffixes, as -ly, -ness, following the treat- 
ment of any vocabulary word denote that the 
suffix is to be added directly to the bold-face 
word that Immediately precedes it. to form 
the corresponding adverb, or other derivative. 
Example: Under harm will be found harm- 
ful, a., ♦ * * -ly, adv., -ness, n., indicating that 
the adverb Is harmfully and the verbal noun 
harm fulness; also, harmless, a., * * * -ly, 
adv., -ness, n.. indicating that the adverb is in 
this latter case harmlessly, and the noun 

Hyphens and Accents. 

The Single Hyphen (-) connects parts of a 
word that are arbitrarily separated, as at the 
end of a line, or in the division of words into 
syllables, the syllables which it connects being 
closely joined in ordinary writing or printing. 
The single hyphen Is omitted when the primary 
or secondary accent Is used, as In vocabulary 
words: as-tron'o-my for astronomy; tn'dl- 
vhPu-al for individual. 

The Double Hyphen (•) connects only the 
parts of a compound word, and indicates that 
the parts so joined are to be connected by a 
hyphen in ordinary writing or printing; as, 
half *mast (written ordinarily half-mast). 

The Single Accent (') indicates the pri- 
mary or chief accent; as, a'ble. 

The Double Accent (") Indicates the sec- 
ondary accent; as, as-so"ct-a'tlon; mul'tl- 

Abbreviations and Arbitrary Signs. 

[Colloq.] Colloquial. 
[Dial.] Dialectic. 
[Prov.J Provincial. 
[Poet.] Poetical. 

t - obsolete. 
|| - archaic. 
i - rare. 
j- variant. 

For other abbreviations, see the list of Ab- 
breviations in the Appendix. 

Reformed Spellings. 

The reformed spellings recommended by the 
American Philological Association and the Phil- 
ological Society of England are marked with a 
small superior *; those recommended by the 
Simplified Spelling Board are marked with 
superior •. The reformed spellings are given 
sometimes in fully respelled form, sometimes 
by putting a parenthesis mark before (and. If 
necessary, after) a letter In the vocabulary 
spelling which in the reformed spelling Is 
omitted. Thus, ca'pa-bl(e*, fys'lc* (physic) 
are spellings recommended by the two philo- 
logical societies; fo'no-graf*, con-serv(CS 
con-serv(e)d'*, spellings recommended by the 
Simplified Spelling Board — the e being dropped 
from the last two. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


The alphabet was constructed by a Com* 
mittee of the Department of Superinten- 
dence of the National Education Association 
on the basis of the 1877 alphabet of the 
American Philological Association. It was 
adopted by that Department at Mobile, 
Ala., February, 1911, officially endorsed by 
the three linguistic societies of America, 
The American Philological Association, The 
Modern Language Association, and The 
American Dialect Society, during Decem- 
ber. 1912, and is used in the New Stand- 
ard Dictionary. The essential principles 
of its construction are the following: 

1. One symbol, and only one, for 
each sound, so that in whatever combina- 
tion a given symbol appears, its value is 
unchanging and unmistakable. 

2. The vowel letters have their Con- 
tinental (or Latin) values, (a) This 
brings the notation into accord with inter- 
national phonetic science, and (b) makes 
possible a relation between symbols which 
corresponds to that actually existing be- 
tween the sounds they represent. The 
latter effect would be impossible if all the 
letters, especially the vowel letters, re- 
tained their English alphabetic values. 
Thus, the % in pine and the i in pin have 
phonetically no such relation to each other 
as that suggested by calling them " long i " 
and " short i." They represent sounds of 
totally different characters; the one is a 
diphthong, the other a simple vowel. The 
diphthong of pine consists of the sounds a 
and i pronounce4 closely together (see next 
paragraph); a scientific spelling should 
show the two elements; thus, pain. The 
single letter i (1) is no adequate symbol for 
the compound sound, and (2) falsely asso- 
ciates it with the unrelated simple short 
vowel of pin. The word mat and the first 
syllable of mating use the same letter, a; 
but the vowels themselves are totally 
different inequality as well as in length. A 
scientific alphabet should distinguish them 
by giving them differing symbols, as a and 
ft. On the other hand, fat and fare have 
vowels alike in quality, tho differing in 
length. The Revised Scientific Alphabet 
represents them by the same symbol, a, 
distinguishing the long vowel of fare by a 
macron ("); thus, fat and far. Thus the 
phonetic alphabet used here shows exactly 
the character of a sound, its connection 
with related sounds, and (if the sound is 
diphthongal) its elements and their value. 

S. Diphthongs are represented by the 
symbols of their respective elements. 
Thus, the diphthong in out, how, consists of 
the two simple vowels heard in ah and rule 

(that is, a and fl) spoken in rapid succession, 
the chief stress being on the first; out, hau; 
and the diphthong in oil, boy has for its 
first element the vowel heard in not (net), 
or clog (kleg), and for its second |he vowel 
in it: oil, bei. Similarly, the vowel in 
high, aisle, is a diphthong; a prolonged pro- 
nunciation of it readily shows that it begins 
with the vowel of ah and ends with the 
vowel of it; that is, the diphthong is a + i: 
hoi, ail. A comparison of rude with mute 
shows at once that the former has a simple 
vowel, the latter a diphthong consisting of 
the full vowel heard m rude preceded by a 
light vowel like that in it; that is, the diph- 
thong is i+u: mint. In English spellings 
these diphthongs are often disguised; in the 
phonetic symbols of the Revised Scientific 
Alphabet (Key 1) they are always abso- 
lutely clear: ai, au, ei, iu (when not under 
the chief accent, iu). 

4. Diacritic marks are almost wholly 
discarded; only one is used, namely, the 
macron, and this always as a sign of length. 
By means of the macron the English short 
vowels are properly paired with their near- 
est long forms: the short vowel of obey (o) 
is the same in quality as the long vowel of 
note (6) ; the short vowel of fat (a) is ap- 
proximately the same in quality as the long 
vowel of fare (a) ; the short vowel of win (i) 
is in quality close to the long vowel of ween 
(I) ; there is close kinship in quality between 
the vowels of met (e) and mate (ft); and 
similarly between e and e, u and Q, u and u. 

6. The so-called . " obscure " vowels 
are recognized as actual and established 
elements of standard English speech. In 
wholly unstressed syllables every vowel is 
altered in quality and reduced in sharpness 
of utterance to one or the other of two 
neutral or " obscure " vowels. The more 
frequent of them is the somewhat muffled 
sound heard in the unstressed syllable of 
about, separate, custom; the other that 
heard in renew, habit, menace. The former 
is represented by », the latter by i. 

6. Familiar digraphs (eh, sh, th) are 
retained as a concession to English spelling 
habits; but the two letters are tied in order 
to indicate that they represent a single 
sound. Thus the sound of ch in church is 
represented by di. of sh in she by sli, of th 
in thee by th, and of th in three by th. It 
would be more scientific to represent these 
single consonant sounds by single symbols; 
but for general use it was thought better to 
adapt the familiar forms. A similar con- 
cession in the case of the vowel signs could 
not be made without introducing confusion 
of phonetic values. 


As in The New Standard Dictionary, two pronunciation keys are here used. 'The 
first (Key 1) is the Revised Scientific Alphabet; the second (Key 2), made by means 
of diacritic marks, is such as has long been in use in text-books and in the older dic- 

The following table gives the values of the symbols in the two Keys based on the 
phonic values of the symbols of Key 1. For example, the sound of u in "burn," indi- 
cated in Key 1 by u, is the equivalent of u in Key 2; the same sound of c, as in "fern," 
is indicated by 8 in Key 2. The latter symbol and X and y are classed with v, for in 
Key 2 no less than four symbols are used for the same sound— u, 5, X, y. Other symbols 
are classed in the same manner. 



















U f 
















ft, 6 















as in artistic, cartoon, 
as in art, cart, alms, father, 
asinadd, fat, man, lap, baffle, 
asin air, fare, pear, heir, there, 
as in ask, chant, dance* fast, 
as in get, bell, says, leopard, 

said, dead, bury, added, 
as in prey, wait, fame, great, 

asinhit.tin.miss, cyst, physic, 
as in police, mete, greet, sea. 
as in obey, window, photo, 
as in go, note, glory, blow, 

soul, goat, door, beau, 
as in not, odd, what, was. 
as in or, north, all, haul, walk, 
as in full, push, could, stood, 
asin rule, true, food, who, lose, 
as in but, under, son, other, 
as in burn, our, earn, whirl, 

as in aisle, pine, sign, light, 

type, height, 
as in sauerkraut, out, note. 
as in duration, futility, 
asinf eud, tube,pup&, beauty. 
as in Ain, cat, back, acAe 

pioue, ouit. 
asinao, dog, egg, ghost, guard. 


9 Of US as in sing, long, Tinging, link, 
ih to as in tAin, baft, faith, ether, 

fh th asin tAis,witA, hreaiAe, raiAer, 

8 S, c as in so, house, this, mieeing, 

cent, ecene, psychology. 
I 1,9 as in sest, laey, buzz, was, 

€h cb as in cAin, rich, cAurcA, waicA. 

J Ut as in jet, flin. fftet, judge, 

an sh, ch as in ship, disA, issue, nation, 

ocean, function, macAine. 
S lb as in azure, seizure, leisure, 

a a,e,o,u asin about, final, sofa, over, 

separate, mystery, gut- 
tural, martyrdom (always 


I a,e,!,y as in habit, senate, surfeit, 

biscuit, min'ute, menace, 
average, privilege, valley, 
Sunday, cities, renew (al- 
ways unstressed). 
H H as in locA (Scotch), acA, micA 


II II as in Lflbeck (German), Du- 
mas (French). 

ft ft as in bon (French). 

C * ___ 

The foreign sounds (h, u, n) can not be represented in English spellings, but must 
be described in detail. 

H is made with the tongue almost in position f or k (as in Zoclc). The difference 
is that for h the tongue does not wholly close the passage, so that the breath rushes 
out with great friction, making a sound like a very rough h. If the vowel preceding 
h is made in the front of the mouth (as German i, e, 0, d) t the h is also forward, ana 
is then made by forcing the breath out while the tongue is held firmly in the initial 
position for English y. 

II represents a sound made by pronouncing I (the vowel-sound of see), with the 
lips at the same time fully pursed or rounded as for whistling. It may be noted, also, 
that the foreign sound represented in this dictionary by the symbol O (as French 
donseuse, don "susO is not exactly the vowel heard in the English burn, earn, etc., but 
is approximately that vowel sounded while the lips are fully pursed or rounded. 

A is a symbol indicating that the n itself is silent, but has imparted a nasal quality 
to the preceding vowel. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 

The Concise Standard 



a* a, 1 8; 2 * (ttnoccentai, 1 a; 2 a), »nde/. 
article or adjective, [abb, A's, or As, 1 
Is; 2 Ifr p£.J One; any; each: before a 
vowel, an. 

a*, pnft*. 1. On, away, out, off, from, to: 
also & mere intensive; as, odown, athlrst. 2. 
Not, &k mv: In words derived from the 
Greek; as, achromatic, an-*. [abs-t. 

ab*, prefix. Off; from; away; as, oftsotve. 

tllMS. 1 al/e-ke; 2 afa-ea, a. A plant of 
the hanana family, native to the Philippine 
Islands, or Its Inner fiber, used for doth, 
paper, cordage, etc.: commonly known as 

a.JaiT, 1 s-bakf; 2 a-bak\ a&: So as to 
1 backward, as sails; backward; by 

la'a-eat, 1 ab'e-kus; 2 ab'a-cus. n. 
1-es, 2 -«s. or 

JK.J a* a reca> 

omng*table with 
sliding balls. 2. 
A slab forming 
the top of a cap* 

•Jbafft',1 a-bnfY; Ab *«»- 

2 a-bafV. -Mwt I. ad*. Toward the 
stern; back; behind. IX prep. Further 
aft than. 

a-baa'den, 1 e-ban'den; 2 a-ban'don, sf. 
To forsake or renounce utterly; give up 
wholly: quit; leave; resign. — a - ban '- 
doo(C)d*, pa. Given over; profligate.— 
■ ■ sa s/ do n -ment, n. The act of abandon- 
tag, or the state of being abandoned; a giving 
pp: yielding (of oneself). 

■ SWTlaW; 2 a-baV. si. [a-basbd*; 
a-bas'ino.] To make low or lowly; lower, 
as to rank; humble.— a-base'ment, a. 

a - b a sh ', 1 e-basV; 8 a-bash', vt. 1a- 
babbbd'* or a-basht'; a-basb/ino.] To 
make ashamed; confuse; embarrass. 

, 1 c-beV; 2 a-bftt', t. [a-bat'ed*; 

a-bat'inq.I I. t. To lessen; reduce; do 
away with. II. i. To grow less; de- 
-bate'ment, n. The act of 

abating, or the amount abated. 

ab'a-tte, > 1 abVtis; 2 ab'a-tfa, n. MO. 

ab'at-tis, jAn obstruction of felled trees. 

a"bat"toIr% 1 aWtwor'; 2 a'batwar', n. 
A slaughter-house. 

Bbf>&, 1 ab'e; 2ab'a,n. Father.— ab lin- 
ear, n. The dignity or office of an abbot. 

ab'bess, 1 ab'es; 2 ab'es, n. The lady su- 
perior of a nunnery. 

abt>ey, 1 ab'i; 2 abV. n. Iab'biys* pL] A 
monastery or nunnery governed by an ab- 
bot or abbess; a chapel of such an institu- 
tion; the residence of an abbot or abbess. 

BbtMrt, 1 ab'at; 2 ab'ot, n. Ecd. The* 
superior of a monastery.— abneot-snlp, a. 

ab-bre'vl-ate. 1 a-brtM-et: 2 a-brtM-at^ 
9t. [-at'bdo; -at'ino.J To cut short; 
contract; reduce; condense.— ab-isw*vt- 
atton, a. A shortening; an abridgment. 

ab'di-eate. 1 ab'di-k#t; 2 ab'di-eat, vt. & vC 
[-CAT*m>d; -cat'ino.] To give up volunta- 
rily; renounce office, etc.— ab*dl-ea'tion, n. 

ab-do'men, 1 ab-do'men 'or ab'do-men; 2 
ab-doven or ab'do-men, n. The* vis- 
ceral cavity; belly.— ab-dam1*iial, «. 

ab-doct'd, i ab-dokt'; 2 ab-dttct', sf. To 
carry away wrongfully; kidnap; draw 
aside.- aMac'don, a.- ab-daetor, a. 

a-bed', 1 e-bed'; 2 a-bed', odt. In bed; on a 
bed; to bed. 

aMer-ra'tJon, 1 ab # er-e'snen; 2 «>"**'• 
shon, n. Deviation from a natural course 
or condition; wandering; insanity. 

a-bet', 1 e-bet'; 2 a-bet', sf. lA-Brr'TEDd; 
a-bet'tinq.] To encourage (wrong-doing 
or a wrong-doer), as by approval or aid; 
incite; instigate; as, to abet a person in a 
crime.— a-betfter or -tor, a. 

a-bey'ance, 1 a-bS'ens; 2 a-be/anc, n. Sus- 
pense; inaction. 

lzewtiBtlc^aW;f»t,flto;i^^gat t pr*y;lifo 

trart,§r^f*t^are,fast,what,aU;me t g*^p^ 

1: • atflaal; 1* habit; (dale; on » oat; all; 111 = feud; «Jhln; go; xj=s\ng; thin, this. 

* wolCdg; MMt, Mot; fall, rale, core, bat, born; 611, My; to, fcem; ink; thin, this* 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


ab-bor', 1 ab-hSr'; 2 ab-hdr', of. Iab- 
hofhed', ab-hord'"; ab-hor'riwq.1 To 
view with horror; detest.— ab-hor/rence, n. 

— ab-nor'rent, a. 

a-blde', 1 e-baid'; 2 a-bld', v. [a-bode'; 
a-bid'ing.] I. t. To await expectantly 
or defiantly; endure. II. i. To remain: 
dwell.— a-bldlng. I. pa. Enduring; per- 
manent. II. n. Continuance; abode. 

a-bll'1-ty, 1 e-bil'i-ti; 2 a-Ml'i-ty, n. [-ties', 
pi) The state of being able; power; 
talent; faculty. 

ab'Ject, 1 ab'jekt; 2 ab'Jeet, a. Sunk to a 
low state; cast down in spirit; mean; des- 
picable; senile. Aj 9 ad o.— aVJect-ness, 
n. ab-Jec'tlonf. 

ab-Jore', 1 ab-jur'; 2 ab-jur', of. [ab- 
jttbed'; ab-jur'inq.) To renounce under 
oath; recant.— ab'Jn-ra'tlon, n. 

a-blase', 1 e-bles'; 2 a-blas'. a. & ado. On 
fire; in a blase. 

aWe, 1 e^bl; 2 aid, a. [a'bler; a'blebt.] 
Having adequate power; competent; ca- 
pable.— a-hly, ode. In an able manner. 

-a-M(e*, tuOlx. Given to; tending to; like 
to; fit to; worthy of; capable of; able to; as, 
changeable, honorable, thinkaMe. 

mb-In'tlan, lab-lQ'Jor-liQlslien; 2ab-lu'- 
[or -10']shon, n. The act of washing; a 
cleansing; bath. 

ab'ne-ga'tton, 1 ab*ni-g6'siien; 2 ab'ne- 
ga'shon, n. The act of renouncing; re- 

ab-nor'mal, 1 ab-neVmel; 2 ab-nor'mal, a. 
That does not conform to rule ; unnatural ; 
Irregular. -ly, ado.— ab"nor-malf-ty, it. 
[-tics*, pJ.] Irregularity; something abnor- 

a-boardM e-b6rd'; 2 a-b6rd'. I. adv. On 
board; alongside. II. prep. Onboard 
or alongside of. *} 

•-bodeM e-bod': 2 a-b6d'. L* Imp. of 
abide. II. n. Dwelling-place; home; so- 

a-bollshS 1 e-bel'isn; 2 a-b6Tish, vt To 
do away with; put an end to; annul; de- 
stroy. -a-bKe* > , a. -er, n.-r ab"o-lr*tlon, 
1 ab "o-Usn'en; 2 ab 'o-llah'on, n. The act of 
abolishing; extinction.— ab'o-Ii'tton-lat, n. 
[U. 8.] One who favors abolition, as, formerly, 
of negro slavery. 

a-bom'l-nate, 1 e-bem'i-net: 2 a-b5m'i- 
n&t, vt. [-nat'ed*; -nat'inq.j To regard 
with horror; abhor; hate. — a-boml-na- 
W(e*,a. Very hateful; detestable; horrible. 

— a-bom1*na-b!y, adv.— a-bom"l-na'» 
tlon. n. Something detested or abhorred; 

ab"e*rlf'l-lial, 1 ab'o-rij'i-nel; 2 ab'o- 
' 'Tfg*iinal.' I. a. Native to the soil; in- 

digenous; primitive. II. n. An original 
inhabitant.— ab'o-rlg'lnes. 1 ab'o-rij'- 
l-nls; 2 ab'o-rig'i-neg, n. pi. The origi- 
nal inhabitants of a country. 
bor'tlon, 1 e-beVsnen; 2 a-bor'shon, n. 
An untimely birth; failure.— a-bor'tl?(e*, a. 
Brought forth prematurely; Imperfect; un- 
successful. -Iy, ado. -ness, n. 

a-bound'S i e-baund'; 2 a-bound',oi. To « 
be or have in abundance. 

a-bout', 1 e-baut'; 2 a-bout'. I. adv. On 
every side; around; almost; ready; to and 
fro. II. prep. On the outside or on 
every side of; all around; over; beside; 
somewhere near; in connection with; en- 

gaged i 

>ve',Ue-buv / ;2a-b6v / . I. ado. Ver- 

a-bov' p , j tically up; overhead; on the up- 
per side. II. prep. Vertically over; upon; 
in excess of ; superiorto ; beyond; free from. 
— a-bove'board'% a. A adv. Open; openly. 

ab-rade'. 1 ab-red'; 2 ab-rad', of. [ab- 
bad'ed<s ab-rad'ing.] To rub or wear 
away.— ab-ra'slon, l ab-rTssn: 2 ab-ra'- 
shon, n. The act or result of abrading. 

a-breast', > 1 e-brest'; 2 a-brest', ado. Side 

a-brest'", /by side. 

a-brtdge', 1 e-brij': 2 a-brldg', of. U- 
bridged'; a-bridg'ing.1 1. To make 
shorter; condense; cut short. fc. To de- 
prive of.— a-brldg'ment, 1 s-brlj'ment or 
-mant: 2 a-brldg'ment, n. The act of abridg- 
ing; the state of being abridged; an epitome 
or abstract, a-brldge'ment J. 

a-broad', 1 e-bred'; 2 a-brdd', ado. Be- 
yond the bounds of one's home or coun- 
try; out-of-doors; away; at large. 

ab'ro-gate, 1 ab'ro-get; 2 ab'ro-ftftt, of. 
[-gat'ed**; -gat'ingH To do away with, 
annul; abolish; repeat— ab"ro-ga'uon» a. 
Authoritative repeal. 

ab-rapt', 1 ab-rupt'; 2 ab-rapt', a. Not 
expected; sudden; broken off; disconnect- 
ed; steep. -Iy, ado. -ness, n. 

ab 'seess, 1 ab'ses ; 2 ab'ses, n. A collection 
of pus in a tissue of the body; a tumor; 
boil. ^ 

ab-scond**, 1 ab-skend'; 2 ab-sednd', ot. 
To depart suddenly and secretly; hide 

ab'sence, 1 ab'sens; 2 ab'senc, n. The 
state, fact, or time of being absent; lack; 
want. [keep (oneself) away. 

ab-sent' d , 1 ab-sent'; 2 ab-eSnt', of. To 

ab'sent, 1 ab'sent; 2 ab'sSnt, a. Not pres- 
ent; lacking; missing; abseDt-nunded. -Ij> 
ado.- aVsen-tee / , l ab'sen-tr ; 2 ab'sin-tr. 
n. One who is absent; a non-resident.— ab*- 
sent'mlnd'ed y a. Abstracted; forgetful; 

1: artiatioiar^fet, tf re; fast ;g«t, prty ; Mt, poJIw^ 

8: artape, f at T fare t fast,what,aU; m«,g*t,prej, fern; hit, Ice; 1=8; i=e; gO t n6t,0r, wdn, 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 

ab'sliith, ) 1 ab'sinih; 2 ab'sfoth, n. A 
•k'sinthe, J bitter, aromatic liqueur fla- 
vored with wormwood. 
ab'eo-liite, 1 ab'so-liut; 2 ab'so-lut, a. 1. 
Not limited; unrestricted; independent. 
3. Without restraint in the exercise of 

rwer or will; arbitrary; unconditional. 
Complete; perfect. 4. Not adulter- 
ated; pure. 5. Positive; entire; total. 
-*y, adv. -ness, n.— ab'so-lu' f tt8m, n. 
Arbitrary government; absoluteness. 

»*-8*lv(e'», 1 ab-selv'; 2 ab-Bolv', ttf. [ab- 
solved'*; AB-soiv'iNa.] To set free; for- 
give; pardon; acquit.— ab"so-lu'tion, 1 
ab*so-UQ'<nen; 2 ab'so-lu'shon, n. An ab- 
solving, or a bemg absolved; forgiveness. 

a» eorb% 1 ab-serb'; 2 ab-eorb', vt. To 
drink in or suck up; engross completely; 
■wallow up.— ab-sorb'ent, 1 ab-serb'ent; 2 
ab-sorb'ent. I. a. Absorbing, or tending to 
absorb. II. n. Something that absorbs.— 
a b ■ sorption, 1 ab-eerp'snen; 2 ab-sorp'- 
sbon,n. The act of absorbing; the condition 
of being absorbed.— ab-sorp'tl?(e«, a. 

ftb-staln', 1 ab-sten'; 2 ab-etan', vi. To keep 

. back; refrain: with /rem.— ab-staln'er, n. 

ab-ste'ml-ous, 1 ab-stl'mi-us; 2ab-et€'mi- 
oa, a. Sparing in food and drink; tem- 
perate. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

ft*-sten'tton, 1 ab-sten'slien; 2 ab-eten'- 
ahon, n. A refraining or abstaining.— 
ab-sten'ttous,a. Self-restraining. -If, ado. 

•b-sterge% 1 ab-sturj'; 2 ab-sterg > , vt. To 
wipe away: wipe; cleanse.— ab-ster'gent. 
La. Cleanelng. ab-8ter / sl?(e«t. II. n. A 
cleansing application or remedy. — ab-ster'- 
sten, n. The act of cleansing or purging. 

afr'gtft-neiice, 1 ab'sti-nens; 2 ab'sti-nenc, 
n. The act or practise of abstaining ; self* 
denlaL— ab'sd-nent, a. Abstemious. -If, 

g*-stnct'd, 1 ab-strakt'; 2 ab-straet', vL 
t* To take away; separate; divert; 
remove; purloin. 2. To make an ab- 
stract of; abridge. 

gA , atnet,lab / strakt;2ab / straet,a. Ex- 
isting in thought only; not concrete; 
theoretical; imaginary; abstruse. 

•Vstract, n. A brief statement of facts 

• that are set forth in full elsewhere; sum- 
mary; compendium. -If, adv. -ness, ».— 
a b s tt a cf ed, a. 1. Absent-minded. 2. 
Separated from everything else; apart; ab- 
struse; abstract. -Iy, adv.— ab-strae'tton, 
.a. 1. An abstracting. 2. An abstract idea; 
something unreal. S. Removal; theft, a. 
Absence of mind. 

ab-strase', 1 ab-strus'; 2 ab-etrus', a. Hard 
to be understood; dlfflcult. -Iy, adv. 

% 1 ab-eurd'; 2 ab-surd', o. Not 


consistent with reason or common sense; 
Irrational; preposterous.— ab-surdl-ty, «. 
[-TLBs*, pi.] 1. The quality of being absurd. 
ab-surd'ness*. 2. Something absurd.— 
ab-surdly, adv. In an absurd manner. 

a-bun'dant, 1 e-bun'dsnt; 2 a-bon'dant, 
a. Affording a large quantity, number, 
or measure, or a surplus ; plentiful; ample. 
-Iy, adv.— a-bun'daace. it. Plenty. 

a-buse', > la-bios'; 2 a-bus/,«<. [a-bobkd'; 

a-buse **, J a-bus'inq.] To use improperly ; 
wrong; hurt; revile; vio- i 

a-buse % 1 e-bius / ; . 
bus', n. Improper use; ill 
treatment; misuse; vi- 
cious conduct; insulting 
speech. — a-bu'stv(ea, a. 
Of the nature of or marked 
by abuse.— a-bu'slv(e-ly«, 
adv.— a-bn'sl?(e-nesss. n . 

a-but', 1 e-but'; 2 a-bttt' 
vt. & vi. Ja-but'tedO; __„_„ 
a-but'otng.J To touch Abutment (A), 
upon; border: with on, 
upon, or against. - a-but'ment, n. The act 
of abutting: a supporting structure, as at the 
end of a bridge or wall. 

a-byss\ 1 e-bis'; 2 a-bys', n. A bottomless 
gulf ; vast depth. - a-bysm ', 1 e-bism'; 3 
a-bysm\ n. An abyss. - a-bys'mal, o. 
Pertaining to an abyss; unfathomable. 

ac-, prefix. Form of ad- before c and q. 

-ac, suffix. Having, pertaining to, affected 
by, as in demoniac, manioc. 

a-ca'cia, 1 e-ke'sne; 2 a-ea'aha, n. A 
thorny fbwering plant 
of the bean family. 

ac"a-dem'ic, 1 
akVdem'ik; 2 
ae'a-dim'ie. I* 
a. 1» Pertain- i 
ing to an acad- ' 
emy; scholar- 
ly; literary. & 

Theoretical; -—- a^m» 

not practical I Acacia. 

3. [A-j Belonging to the school or philos- 
ophy of Plato, -l-calt. II. n. 1. A col- 
lege student. 2. A member of a learned 
society. S. [A-] A Piatonlst. a. pi. (A-l 
The teachings of Plato.— ac"a-dem'l-eat- 
ly, adv.— ae^a-dem'l-cals, n. pi. Special 
dress worn at an institution of learning. 

a-cad'4-my, 1 s-kad'i-mi; 2 a-ead'e-my, n. 
[-Mies*, pi.] 1. A Bchool intermediate be- 
tween a common school and a college. 3. 
A learned society. S. [A-J The school of 
Plato in Athens; the Platonic philosophy. 
— a-ead'e-mTclan, 1 s-kad'i-mlsn'en; 9 
a-cfid 'e-mlsh'an, n. A member of an academy. 

1: • 

final; l = habit; aisle; era = out; all; Ift = feud; ifhln; go; rj = *lng; thin, 
fc Wflf.dft; bdfrk, trfot; foil, role, core, box, born; 611, My; fo, ftem; ipk; thin, 


a*ean'tlllis, 1 e-kan'ihos; 2 a-e&n'thus, n. 
1. A perennial flowering plant, 2. An 
ornament like its leaf. 

a en-pdas, l a-ko-pel'la; 2 
iea-pem. Jlftu. In church 
style, i.c„ without instru- 
mental accompaniment. 

ae*ede'. 1 ak-s!d'; 2 
ae-cSd\m. [ao-ctd'« 
kda; ao-ced'xng.] 1. 
To agree; assent. 2. 
To succeed, as to a 

ap-cCle-ian'do* 1 
e>cn6"l&*an'do; 2 a- 
enele. - ran'do, adv. 
Mu%. With gradual quickening of the 

•e-eeTer-ate, 1 ak-sel'er-St; 2 ae-ceVer-at, 
vi. &vi. [-at'ed^; -at'ing.J To quicken; 
hasten.— ac-eel'er-a-tl?(e», a. Tending to 
accelerate, ac-ceTer-a-to-ryi.— ac-cel"er- 

M»ceBt'd,lak^nt^2ae-cent',rf. To speak, 
write, or print with an accent; emphasise. 

fje'eent, 1 ak'sent; 2 ae'cent, n. A stress 
of voice on a particular syllable of a word, 
or a mark used to indicate such stress. 
— ae-cento-al, 1 ak-een'cnu-el or -tlu-el; 2 
ae-eeh'cbu-al or -Ml-al, a. Pertaining to ac- 
cent.— ac-ces/tB-ate, K. [-AT'BDO; -AT- 
nra.1 To give accent to; emphasise.— ac- 
enaHa^a'traii, a. 

ac-cept'd, lak^pt';2ae-cept',irf. 1. To take 
when offered; agree to; receive; believe. 2. 
To agree to pay, as a draft. 3. To acknowl- 
edge (as valid *or as received).— ae-cepl'a- 
M(e*,a. Worthy of being accepted; pleasing; 
welcome. — ae-eep?a-el(e-nes8 p , n. The 
quality of being acceptable, ac-eentf'a-bll'- 
l-ty J.- ae-eep?a-aiy , adv.— ac-eep'taBee, 
a. The act of accepting; state of being ac- 
cepted or acceptable; acceptation; an ac- 
cepted bill or the like.— ae"eep-ta'tlon, n. 
1. The accepted meaning of a word. 2. The 
state of being accepted or acceptable.— ac- 
eepfer or ae-cep'tor, n. One who accepts, 
as a cheek, draft, or the like: acceptor pre- 
ferred in legal use. 

*C 'cess, 1 aVses; 2 aVces, n. The act or 
opportunity of approaching; admission; 
approach; increase; attack, as of disease. 
-ae~c«a»sl-Mn-ty,n.-ae«c*s / si-M(e>', a. 
Easy of access; approachable; attainable. — 
ae-ees'sl-bly, adv. 

ae-ees'sa-ry, a. An. Same as Accsasosx. 

ae-ees'slon, 1 ak-sesVen; 2 ae-cesh'on, n. 
Attainment; assent; agreement; person 
or thing added. 

•e-ees'so-ry* 1 ak-seVe-n; 2 ac-ceVo-ry. I. 
a. Aiding subordinately; contributory. 

IL n. [-bibs", pi.] An aid; adjunct; ac- 

ae'cJ-aeot, 1 ak/odent; 2 aVci-dent, n. 
Something that happens undesignedly; a 
casualty; mishap.— ae"e*-dental# a. Hap- 
pening by chance; casual; non essential; In- 
cidental.— ae"d-dea'tal-ly, adv. 

ac-clalm', 1 a-klem'; 2 a-clam'. L vU k, 
vi. To shout applause; applaud; proclaim. 
II. a. A shout, as of applause.— sc^da* 
ma'tfon, 1 akle-me'shan; 2 ae*la-m*'shon, 
a. A shout, as of applause; a unanimous oraJ 
vots of approval. 

ac-cll'mate, 1 a-kloi'met; 2 a-cITm**, sf. 
[-MAT-ED d ; -mat-ikq.J To habituate to a 
foreign climate, ac-dFma-tlae or ttcci«— 
ac"cU-ma'ttoa, a. ee-cirma-ta'tteatf.- 
ac-cll"ma-tl-sa'tion or -sa'tfon, a. 

ac-cllvT-ty, 1 a-kliv'i-ti: 2 a-euVMy, n. 
[tees*, pi.] An upward slope. 

ae-eom 'mo-date, 1 a-kem'o-det; 2a-eom'- 
o-d&t,t*. [-oat'ed^; -dat'ino.j 1. Todo 
a favor to; oblige; help. 2. To provide for; 
lodge. 2. To adapt; conform; compro- 
mise.— ae-com'mo-dat'lng, pa. Obliging. 
— ac-cem*mo-da'tion, n. 1. Adjustments 
compromise. 2. A convenience; entertain- 
ment; loan. 2. An accommodating nlsnosl 
tion; obUglngness. 

ac-eom'pa-ny, )1 a-kum'pe-m; 2 

ae • cum 'pa - ny. / a-eom'pa-ny, vi. 6 vi. 
[-nted; -nt-ino.j To go with; attend; 
escort; play an accompaniment.— ae-eass/- 
pa-mVment, a. a, Anything that ac- 
companies. 2. M us. A subordinate part, 
voice, or Instrument.— i 

ac-eom'plice, ) 1 a-kem'plis; 2 a-oom'pHc, 
ao-com 1)118% / n. An associate in wrong 

or crime. 
ae-com'ptlaliS 1 a-kem'plisn; 2 a-cton'- 

{)Msh, vi. To bring to pass; perform; e#- 
ect.— ac-cooVplisbed*, pa. L Proficient; 
polite; polished. 2. Completed.— ae co n s '- 
pUsb-roentt a. 1. An accomplishing; com- 
pletion. 2. An elegant acquirement. 

a^K»r*'<l*la-keroy;2a«edrd / ,a 1.1. 1. To 
grant; allow. 2. To bring; to i 
IL t. To agree; harmonise. 

ae*eord', n. 1. Harmony; i_ 
2. Spontaneous Impulse; choice — ae-casw/* 
ance, a. Agreement; ac- 
cord.— ac-eocd'ant, a. Har- 
monious, -iy, adv. 

ae-eerdlng, 1 a-kard'in; 2 
a-e6rd'ing, pa. Agreeing; 
harmonising.— according l 
to, in conformity to; aa 
stated by.— ae-cordlng-ly, 1MMflta - 
adv. Suitably: consequently. ^™r~* 

ae-cor'dl-oii* l a-ker'di-en; 2 &-cdrd»-cii, 
n. A portable muaical winorinstrnment. 

l:«rtiatic, cto; fat, fire; fcs*;*^pt#y;hit,p 

4:art > ape, f at, f a ^ , f a ^ what,aU;me, g ^p f ej,ferD; hit,lce;I=«;i==e;g*,ii*t,ar,w*av 

Digitized by V^A 

at-CMf*, 1 a-keet'; 2 a-e6et' f vt. To speak 
first to; address. 

ae"eo«ebe*ment', 1 a"Wsh'mfin'; 2 a'eyeh"- 
mift', it. Delivery In childbed; confinement. 

•o«mB4'd> 1 a-kaunt'; 2 a-eount', v. I. *. 

To consider; estimate; count; compute. 

* II* ». 1. To answer (to a person for a 

tiring). 2. To explain: followed by for. 

account', n. 1. A reckoning; com- 
putation; record; statement; description; 
notice. 2. An explanation. S. Impor- 
tance; consideration.— ac-count"a-bil'l-ty, 
a. The state of being accountable, ac- 
count'a- M(e-ness*i. — ac-coant'a-bl(eP, 
a. Liable to be called to account; responsi- 
ble,- ae-eounfa-bly, adv.— ac-coun'tant, 
». One who keeps accounts. 

ae-eon'ter, U a-ku'ter; 2 a-eu'tSr, ttf. 

ae-eou'tre, f j-ter(b)i> b or -tred; -ter-ing 
or ynuKa.f To furnish with dress or trap- 
equip.— ac-cou'ter-ment, ac-cou'- 

- ent, n. Equipment; dress; trappings. 

•e-credlt^ 1 a-toed'it; 2 &-erSd'H, trf. To 
give credit to; furnish with credentials. 

M-ere'tion, 1 a-krl'slien; 2 a-ere'shon, n. 
Growth; Increase. 

»c-«roe', 1 a-kru'; 2 a-eru', w. [ac-crued'; 
ac-cw/ing.] To arise as an addition; be 
added; accumulate. 

ae-cuni'bent, l a-kum'bent; 2 a-eum'bent, 
a. 1. Recumbent. 2. Bo*. Lying against 

»*-eu'mii-Iate, 1 a-kiu'niiu-I§t; 2 a-eQ'mu- 
lit, v. {-lat'bd; -lat'ing.] I. U To 
heap or pile up; amass; collect. II. t*. To 
as profits, etc. — ac-cu"mu-Ia'- 
An amassing; increase; mass.— 
v(e*,a. Tending to accumu- 
late; accumulating.— ac-cu'mu-la"tor, a. 

fte'en-n-cy, 1 ak'yu-re-ei; 2 aVyu-ra-cy* n. 
The quahty of being accurate ; correctness. 

fte'eu-rate, 1 ak'yu-nt; 2 ftc'yu-rat, a. 
Conforming exactly to fact; precise; ex- 
act; correct. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ftC*eim'ed, 1 a-kurs'ed or a-kurst'; 2 
a-eurs'Sd or a-eurst'. o. Cursed ; detestable. 

fte-ea'g»»tlv(e*, 1 a-kia'se-tiv; 2 o-ea'sa- 
tfv. Oram. I. a. Objective. II. n. The 
case of the direct object; objective case. 

Unease', 1 a-lrius'; 2 a-eug', ttf. & w. kc- 
cused 7 ; Ao-cim'iNo.l To charge with fffhlt 
er error; censure; make accusation — ac^cu- 
aett a a , a. An accusing; a charge.— ac- 
CV'ea-to-ry, 1 a-Klu'se-to-n; 2 a-cO'sa-to-ry, 
a. Pertaining to an accusation.— ae-cus'er, 


One whe 

na'tom, 1 a-kuVtem; 2 a-eos'tom, trf. 
~ce familiar by use; habituate.- ac- 
eana**(e)d*,o. Habitual; usual. 
»ee,l e>;2ac, n. A single spot on a card or 
die; a unit; particle. 


-a'eceus, suffix. Of the nature of; pertaining 
to ; like ; as, cretaceous, of or like chalk, chalky. 

ft-cerf>l-ty, 1 8-surT>i^ti; 2 a-cer'bi-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] Sourness, as of temper, etc.; 
harshness. [acetic acid. 

ae 'e- tate, 1 as'i-tet ; 2 ac'e-t&t, n. A salt of 

a-cetlc, 1 e-set'ik or e-ef'tik; 2 a-cet'ie or 
a-cS'tie, a. Pertaining to or like vinegar; 
sour.— acetic add, acid found in vinegar.— 
a-cet'1-fy, vt. A vt. [-tied; -ft'ino.] To 
make acid. 

a-cet'y-lene, 1 e-eet'i-lln; 2 a-ceYy-len, ». 
A brilliant illuminating gas produced by 
the action of water on certain compounds 
of quicklime. 

ache, ) 1 ek; 2 ae. I. vi. [ached*, akzd*; 

ake», Jach'ino, ak'ing 8 .] To suffer dull, 
continued pain. II. n. A dull, continued 

a-chlev(e'p, 1 e-dmV; 2 a-cheV, vt. & vL 
a-chiev(e)d' 8 ; a-chiev'ing.] To accom- 
plish, as an exploit; perform; finish; win; 
attain an object. 

a-chieve'ment, 1 e-cluVment or -ment; 2 
a-cheVment, n. A noteworthy and suc- 
cessful action. 

ach"ro-mat1c, 1 ak'ro-mat'ik; 2 ae'ro- 
m&t'ic, a. Free from color; transmitting 
pure white light, as a lens. 

acid, 1 as'id; 2 ac'id. I. a. Sharp to the 
taste, as vinegar; sour; of or like an acid. 
II. n. 1. Any sour substance. 2. Chtm. 
A compound oi hydrogen capable of unit- 
ing with a base to form a salt.— a-cldl-fy, 1 
8-sid'i-fai; 2 a-cld'i-fy, vt. & vt. To make or 
become acid.— a-cld'1-ty, l-i-ta; 2 -1-ty, a. 
The quality of being acid; strength of an 
acid, ac'ld-nesst.— a-cld'u-late, vt. To 
acidify.— a-cld'u-loug, a. Slightly add. 

-a'clous, suffix. Abounding In; characterised 
by; gjren to; as, veracious, truthful. 

ac-knowl'edge, 1 ak-nel'ej; 2 ae-nol'edg, 
vt. [-edged; -edg-ing.J To own as obliga- 
tory, genuine, or valid; confess; avow; 
certify.— ac-knowl'edg-ment, a. Avowal; 
confession; recognition. 

ac'me, 1 ak'mi; 2 ac'me,, n. The highest 
point or summit; perfection; 

ac'o-lyte, 1 ak'o-loH; 2 ae'o-lyt, 
n. An attendant in religious I 
service; altar-boy. 

ac'o-nlte, 1 ak'o-nait; 2 aVo- 
nlt, n. Med. A poisonoua 
plant; monk's-hood or wolf a* 

a'corn, 1 ©Tcern or e"ksrn; 2 
a'edrn or a'eorn, n. The fruit of tha 
oak, a nut, fixed in a natural woody cup. 

a-cous'ttc, 1 e-kOslor -kausOtik; 2 a-eua / « 


U •* final; i»=habh; cdsle; anaeowt; atl; IO = f«*d; i*hin; go; rj^trin^; ihin, 
t: wflf,df ; M^k, hdM; fyU, rule, cAre, but, burn; dU, bdy; fo t gem; ink; thin, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


for -eous^tie, a. Pertaining to the act or 
sense of hearing; adapted for conveying 
sound. — a-cous'tlcs, n. The science of 

ae-quaint'd, 1 a-kwent'; 2 a-kw&nt', vt. 
To cause to know; inform: followed by 
with.— ae-qualnt'ed, pa. Personally know- 
ing or known. 

ae-qualn'tance, 1 a-kwen'tens; 2 a-kw&n'- 
tans, n. 1. Knowledge. 2. A person or 
persons known. 

acrqul-esee', 1 ak'wi-es'; 2 ae"wi-es', vL 
[-esced'*; -esc'inqJ To tacitly consent; 
accept; assent — ac^qul-es'cence, n. Pas- 
sive consent.— ac"qal-es'cent, a. 

ae-quire', 1 a-kwair'; 2 a-kwlr', vU [ao 
quibbd'; AO-QuiR'nra.J To obtain; get as 
one's own; receive; gain.— ac-quire'ment, 
n. The act of acquiring; an acquired power; 
attainment.— ac"qul-sl'tlon, 1 ak'wi-slsh'- 
an ; 2 ae 'wl-sjsh'on, n. 1 . The act of acquir- 
ing. 2. Anything acquired; acquirement; 
possession.— ae-quls1-tt?(e*, 1 a-kwlz'i-tiv; 
2 a-kwls/l-tlv, a. Able or inclined to acquire. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ae-qult', 1 a-kwit'; 2 a-kwit', xL [ac- 
QuiT / TBD d or aoquit'; ac-quit'tinq.J 1. 
To declare innocent; exculpate; exonerate. 
2. To relieve, as of an obligation; absolve. 
S. To deport (oneself). 4. To repay; re- 
quite.— ae-quf rtal, n. The act of acquit- 
ting, or the state of being acquitted.— ac- 
quittance* n. Release or discharge, as 
from indebtedness; a receipt; an acquittal. 

a'cre, 1 e'kar; 2 a'eer, n. A measure of 
land, 43,560 square feet; a field. 

ae'rid, 1 ak'nd; 2 ae'rid, a. Of a cutting, 
burning taste; pungent; bitter.— a-crldT-ty, 
it. ae'rid- ness J.— ae'rid-!?, adv. 

ae"ri-mo'nl-otis, 1 ak'n-mo'm-us; 2 ac'ri- 
md'ni-us, o. Bitter; sarcastic: sharp. 
-ly, ado. •ness, n. *> 

ae'rt-mo-ny, 1 ak'n-mo-ni; 2 ac'ri-mo-ny, 
n. [-NiE8», pJ.J Bitterness of speech or 
temper; harshness. 

ae'ro-bat, 1 ak'ro-bat; 2 ae'ro-bat, n. One 
who practises certain athletic exercises, 
as vaulting, tumbling, etc. ; a rope-dancer. 
— ae"ro-bat1c, a. 

a-crop'o-lis, 1 e-krep'o-lis; 2 a-erop'o-Hs, 
n. The citadel of an ancient Greek city. 

a-crogg', 1 e-kres'; 2 a-erds', adv. & prep. 
From side to side; over; beyond; cross- 

a-crog'tte, 1 a-kres'tik; 2 a-croVtie, n. 
Proa. A rime in which the initial letters of 
each line form a word or phrase. 

net*, 1 akt; 2 act, v. 1. 1 To perform; do; 
play; feign. II. i. To perform an 
act; behave; do; perform on the stage. 

— acting. I. pa. Operating; officiating; do- 
ing (service) in place of another. II. a. 
Action; performance. 

act. n. 1. The exertion of power; some- 
thing done; a deed. 2. A section of a 
play or drama. 3. A law. 

ac'tln-lsm, 1 ak'tin-ism; 2 ae tin-fern, n,' 
Chemical power or effect of the sun's 
rays.— ac-tlnlc, a. 

ac'tton, 1 ak'slien; 2 aVshon, n. 1* The 
process or mode of acting; operation; ac- 
tivity. 2. The thing done; deed; a battle; 
lawsuit.— ac / tlon-a-bl(e p , a. Affording 
ground for prosecution, as a libel. 

ac'tlv(e*, 1 ak'tiv; 2 ae'tiv, a. 1. Abound- 

. ing in action; lively; brisk; busy. 2. 
Oram. Expressing action, as a verb. -iy» 
adv. -ness, a. 

ac-tivl-ty, 1 ak-tiv'i-ti; 2 ac-tlvl-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] The quality of being active; 

ac 'tor, 1 ak'ter; 2 fte'tfir, n. One who acts; 
a stage-player.- ac'tress, n. fern. 

ae'tu-al, 1 ak^cTiu-Jtw -tiu-Jal; 2 &c / chu4or 
-tu-]al. I. a. Existing in fact; real. II. 
n. Something real.— ac"tn-alf-ty, n. 
[•ties 8 , pi.) The quality of being actual; 
reality, actu-al-ness*.— ac'tu-al-ly, adv. 
In reality; truly. 

ae'tu-a-nr, 1 ak'<ihu-[<>r-tiu-]e-ri; 2&e'ehu- 
[or -tu-Jft-ry, n. [-ribs', pL] A statis- 
tician; accountant. 

ac 'til-ate, 1 ak'dhu-[or -tiu-]6t; 2 ae'chu-Jor 
-tu-l&t, v. [-AT'BDd; -at'inq.) I. L To 
incite to action; influence, impel. H» 
i. To act. 

a-cu'men, 1 s-kSu'men; 2 a-eu'men, n. 
Quickness of insight; keenness of intellect. 

a-cute', 1 e-kiut'; 2 a-cQt', a. 1. Keenly 
discerning or sensitive. 2. Intense; vio- 
lent. S. Sharp at the end ; sharp-pointed. 
•ly, adv. -ness, n.— acute angle, an angle 
less than a right angle. 

-a-cy, suffix. Forming nouns denoting quality, 
condition, office, etc.; as, delicacy. 

ad-, prefix. To; as, adhere. 

ad 'age, 1 ad'ij; 2 ad'ag, n. An old saying; 

a-da'gio, 1 o-dd'jo; 2 a-da'go, a. A adv. Mm*. 

a"ta-gls'sl-mo, 1 fl'da-Jls'sl-mo; 2 a'ds-gls'- 
si-mo, a. & aav, litis. As slow as possible. 

ad'a-mant, 1 ad'a-mant; 2 ad'a-mant. n. 
A very hard mineral; formerly, the dia- 
mond.— ad"a-mantln(e*, a. 

a-dapt'd, 1 e-dapt'; 2 a-dapt', vt. To make 
suitable; adjust; fit; conform; remodel. 
-a-dapfa-bill-tr, n. a-dapfa-U(e- 
ness p t>- a-dapt'a-W(e p , a. Capable of 
being adapted.— ad" ap-ta'tJon, n. An 
adapting; that which is adapted. 

l:oTtistic > drt;fat,fire;fast;get,prty;Ut,polIce;obey 1 g6;net,«r:mU,r^ 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


add*, > 1 ad; 2 ad, e. I. f. To join or unite, so 

ad*, /as to increase; find the sum of. II. t. 
To make or be an addition; perform ad- 
dition.- add'a-blce', a. That can be added. 
—added line (Mm.), a short line above or 
below the staff. 

ad-dea'dom, 1 a-den'dum; 2 a-den'dum, 
n. [-da, pi.] Something added, or to be 

md'der, 1 ad'er; 2 ad'er, n. A poisonous 
serpent; the common Euro- 
pean viper. 

ad-dfe? <1 a-dikt' ; 2 a-dlet', vt 
To apply (oneself) persistent- 
ly; give (oneself) up: followed 
by to.— ad-dle'tlon, n. Habitu- 
al Inclination; bent, ad-dlct'. 

tlon, 1 a-diih'en; 2 
a-dlsh'on, n. The act of add- 
ing, or that which is added; . . , 
an increase; accession.- ad-dl'- Adder. »/» 

i poisonous 


It a. Being in addition. •!?, adv. 
ad'dle, > 1 ad'l; 2 ad'l. I. vt. & vi. [ad'- 
adl p , jdlbd, ai/ld*: ad'dlino.] To 

spoil or become spoiled, as eggs; muddle. 

fL a. Spoiled, as eggs; rotten; worthless. 

ad-dress', 1 a-oW; 2 a-dres', rt. [ad- 

memsmi/* or ad-drsst'; ad-dbxss'ino.] 1. 

To speak to; accost. 2. To direct, as a 

letter. S. To devote (oneself) ; apply. 4. 

To woo. 
ad-dress', n. 1. A discourse; greeting; pe- 
tition. 2* A person's name, residence, etc . 

S. Manner; bearing. 4. pi. Courteous 

attentions; wooing. 5. Adroitness; tact. 
ad-daee'. 1 a-diOs'; 2 a-dQc', vt. [ad- 

ducm/*; ad-duc'ing.J To bring forward; 

cite; allege.- ad-duee'm-bKe', ad-du'cl- 

Bd(e*, o. 

"d, 1 ad'i-neid; 2 fid'e-noid, n. A glan- 

a-*»t', 1 endept'; 2 a-dept'. I. a. Highly 
skilful ; proficient. II. n. An expert. 

ad'e-qaate, 1 ad'i-kwit or -kwSt; 2 ad'e- 
kwat,a. Puny sufficient.— ad'e-qua-cy, l 
adt-kwe-si: 2 ad'e-kwa-cy, n. The state 
or tact of being adequate, ad'e-qnate- 
aessi.- ad'e-quate-lv , adv. 

', 1 ad-hlr'; 2 ad-heV, si. [ad- 
»'; ad-her'ino.), To stick fast; be 
attached; cling: with to.— ad-her'ence, n. 
Adh e s io n . ad-her / en-er t.— ad-her'ent. 
La. Clinging or sticking fast. II. n. One 
who Is attached, as to a cause or leader. 

id-ke'ttonu 1 ad-ht'jan; 2 ad-he'shon, n. 
The act of adhering; fidelity; adherence; 
assent.- ad-he / 8l7(e« l ad-hTsiv; 2 ad-hfi'- 
shr.o. Adhering; dinging; sticky. -If, adv. 

a-dteu', 1 e-diu'; 2 a-du', n. & interj. [a- 
dhsus' or a-dikux', 1 ©-dins'; 2 a-dtis/, pi] 

ad f -pose, 1 ad'i-pds; 2 adl-pos, a. A n. Fat. 

ad-Ja'cent, 1 a-jfi'sent; 2 a-ja'cent, o. 
Near; adjoining; contiguous. 

ad 7ec-tiv(eS 1 aj'ek-tiv; 2 aj'ee-tfv. I. a. 
Pertaining to or like an adjective. ad'Jee- 
tlv-alt. II. n. A word used to qualify a 
noun.- ad'Jec-tlv(e-ljr», adv. ad'Jee-tlv"'- 

ad-Jola', 1 a-jein'; 2 a-join', vt. & vi. To join; 
append; be close together; be in contact. 

— ad-JoiD/lng, pa. Lying next; near by; 

ad-lourn', 1 a-Jum'; 2 a-jurn', rt. A ». To 
close (a meeting or session) ; postpone (a 
matter).— ad-Journ'ment, n. The act of 
adjourning; postponement. 

ad-Judge', 1 a-juj'; 2 a-jttdi', vt. & vi. 
[ad-judgbd': ad-judo'inq.1 To pass sen- 

• tence; award; decree; condemn. 

ad-Ju'dl-cate, 1 a-jQ'di-ket; 2 a-ju'di-elt, 
vt. & vi. [-CAT'BD d ; -cat'ing.1 To de- 
termine Judicially: adjudge.— ad-Ju"di-ea'- 
tton, n. A Judicial decision.- ad-Ju'dl-ea- 
tor v n. 

ad 'Janet, 1 aj'unkt; 2 aj'iinet. I. a. 
Joined subordinately; auxiliary. II. n. 
An auxiliary.- ad-Jonc / tlon. n. The act of 
Joining; also, the thing Joined.— ad-June'- 
tf?(e 8 , a. Forming an adjunct, -ly, adv. 

ad-Jure', 1 a-iur'; 2 a-jur', vt. [ad-jursd'; 
ad-jur'ing;] To charge solemnly; appeal 
to; Invoke.— ad"Ju-ra'tton, n. 

ad-Jost'<*, i a-just'; 2 a-just', vt. To cause 
to fit; arrange; regulate; settle.— ad-Jusfa- 
bl(e p , a. Capable of being adjusted.— ad- 
juster, n. ad-Jus 'tor J.— ad-Just'ment, 
n. Regulation; arrangement; settlement. 

ad'Ju-tant, 1 aj'u-tent; 2 aj'u-tant. I. a. 
Assistant; auxiliary. II. n. 1. MU. A 
etaff-offioer who assists the commander. 
2. A carrion-eating East-Indian stork. 

— ad'Ju-tan-ey. n. The office or rank of 
an adjutant. ad'Ju-tant-ehip*. 

ad-mea'sure, ) 1 ad-me3'ur; 2 ad-mesh'ur, 
ad-me'sure*. j vt. [-surbd; -bur-inoJ To 
apportion.— ad-mea'sure-ment, a. I. An . 
admeasuring. 2. Measure; sise; dimen- 
ad-minls-ter, 1 ad-min'is-ter; 2 ad-mlnls- 
ter, v. I. L 1. To take or have the 
charge of; manage; settle, as an estate. 
2. To apply; inflict; cause to take. II. t. 
1. To contribute; minister: with to. 2. 
Low. To act as administrator.— ad-mlnfs- 
tra'tlon,n. An administering.— ad-mlnls- 
tra^tlvCe*, a. Pertaining to administration; 
executive. -ad-mlnls- tractor, n. One who 

1: a«r final; im habit; aisle; oosout; ell; loss feud; Ain; go; vising; thin, 

t: wftf.dg; bdWc, bdot; fall, rate, care, bdt,barn; 611, My; Jo, ftem; lak; tain, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 


administers.— ad-mlnls-tre'trU, a. fen. 
j-TBi'CBB, l -trs-trOl'sls; 3 -tra-trTces, pi.} 

ad'mi-ra-l>l(e*, 1 ad'mi-re-bl; 2 ad'mi- 
ra-bl, a. Worthy of admiration; excel- 
lent.- at'mf-ta-My, ad». 

ad'mf-ral, I ad'm*-ral; 2 ad'mi-ral, n. A 
naval officer of the highest rank; the 
commander-ra-ehlef of a fleet. — ad'ml-ral- 
shlp, n. The office or rank of an admiral. 
— ad'nl-tal-ty, ». A court of maritime af- 
fairs; the office of an admiral. 

ftd'ml-m'tton, 1 ad'mi-re'&en;, 2 ad'mi- 
rfi'shon, n. 1. Wonder combined with 
approbation; gratified contemplation. 2. 
That which is admired. 

Ad-mire', 1 ad-mair'; 2 ad-mlr', vt. [ad- 
mired'; ad-mib'ing.] To regard with 
wondering pleasure.— ad-mlr'cr, n. One 
who admires; a lover. 

ad-mls'si-bl(e p , 1 ad-misVbl; 2 ad-mto'i- 
bl, a. Such as may be admitted; allow- 
able. - ad-ml8"sl-*111-ty, n. - ad-mls'sl- 
Mf, adv. 

aA-mis'ston, 1 ad-misVen; 2 ad-mtoh'on, 
n. Right or privilege of entrance; an ad- 
mitting; concession. 

•d-mlt', 1 ad-mit'; 2 ad-m!f, v. Jad- 
inT , TBD d ; ad-mit'ting.] I. t. To allow 
to enter ; receive ; permit ; concede. II. *. 
1. To give scope, warrant, or permission: 
witho/; 2. To give entrance: often with 
A? — ad-mtttanee, n. An admitting or 
being admitted; entrance; admission. 

ad-mlx'ture, 1 ad-miks'cliur or -tiur; 2 ad- 
mDcs'chur or -tur, n. Mixture.— ad-mlx', t*. 

ad-mon'lsb, 1 ad-men'isn; 2 ad-mfin'ish, 
vt. To advise of a fault ; caution ; exhort ; 
Instruct solemnly; warn.— ad"mo-ni'tlon a 1 
ad*mo-nidh'an; 2 Ad'mo-nlsh'on, n. The act 
of admonishing; gentle reproot— ad-monl- 
to-ry, a. Giving admonition. . 

a-do', 1 a-du'; 2 a-do/, n. Unnecessary 
activity; fuss: trouble. [brick. 

S-do'be, 1 e-dd'bi; 2 a-dS'be, n. Sun-dried 

ad'o-les'eent, 1 ad'o-les'ent; 2 ad'o-les'ent. 
I, a. Approaching maturity; pertaining 
to youth. II. n. Ayouth.-ad'o-les'cenee, 
n. The period of youth. 

a-dopt'<*, 1 e-dept'; 2 a-d6pt', vL To ac- 
cept as one's own.— a-dop'tion, n. The act 
of adopting, or the state of being adopted.— 
a-dop'tlv(e 8 , a. Pertaining or tending to 

a-dore', 1 e-d6r / ; 2 a-dor', rt. & w. [a- 
dorbd'; a-dob'eng.] To regard with rever- 
ence; love intensely; worship.— a-d©r / a-bl(e p » 
a. Worthy of adoration or devoted affection. 
— a-dor'*.— •d"o-ra'tlon f n. The 
act of adoring; worship or devotion.— a*dor / - 
er, n. One who adores; a lover. 
a-dorn', 1 a-dern'; 2 a-ddrn', vt. To make 

beautiful; ___-, _ ____ 
Ornamental. II. a. Adornment.-* Jhtonr* 
meat, a. The act of adorning, or that which 
adorns; ornament. 

ad-re 'nal-in, 1 ad-rTnel-in; 2 adVr5'naMn. 
t. The most powerful chemical astrin- 
gent known. _ mm . 

a-drlft'.l shrift'; 2 a-drfft' t adv. Drifting. 

a-drolt% 1 e-dreit 7 ; 2 a-dr6it', a. Skilful; 

ad'u-la'ttan, 1 ad"yu-te'ihan; 2 8d"yu- 
l&'shon, n. Servile flattery; fulsome 
compliment.— ad'u- Is- te»ry, o. Obse- 
quiously flattering. 

a-dolt', 1 e-dult'; 2 a-dult'. I- a. Full; 
grown. II. ». One who has attained 

a-dul'ter-ate, 1 a-dul'ter-et; 2 a-dul'ter*t. 
L ct. [-at"eij4; -Ai*wa.] To make im- 
pure by admixture; corrupt. IX a. 
Adulterated.- a-dul"ter-a 'tie*, n.— a- 
duI'ter-a"tor, «,- a-dul'ter-y, «. l-ms», 
jrf.) Vlolatlonof tbemarrtagevow; unehastlty. 
~a-duJ'ter-er, a-dul'ter-est, n. A man 
or woman guUty of adultery.— a-dul'ter- 
oust a. 

ad-vance', 1 ad-vans'; 2 ad-vanc*. I* vU 
& v%. [ad-vanced'*; ad-vanc'dto.] 1» 
To move, bring, or go forward: accelerate; 
inciease; progress. 2. To pay beforehand. 
3. To elevatejpromote. II. a. Being 
an advance. III. n, 1, An advancing; 
progress; improvement; prepayment; 
proposal. 2. The front; lead; start; van. 
-ad-vanced', va. Being at the tawt; 
mature; far extended; progressive; highly 
developed-— ad-vance'ment. a. An ad- 
vancing; furtherance; promotion. 

ad-vaiPtage, 1 ad-vun'taj; 2 ad-yto'ta*. 
I. d<. An [-TAOBDd; yr Aa -iNaJ To are 
or gain advantage; favor; profit. It n. 
Anythingfavorable to success; superiority; 
proflt; utflity.-ad' f van-ta'g««»a, I ad'- 
vsim&'Jus; 2 ad'vsn-'ti'gus, a. Aflordtng 
advantage; profitable; favorable. -*y f od». 

ad'vent, X ad'vent; 2 ad'vent, n. !• A 
coming. 2. [A-] (1) The coming of Christ. 
(2) The four weeks before Christmas. mm 

adHen-ti'tioiu, 1 adVen-tisVvs; 2 W- 
ven-tlsh'tts, a. Not inherent; extrinsic; 
accidental. *Iy» £&*• 

ad-Ten r ture, 1 ad^ven'dhur or -tiu r; 2 & d- 
vfin'chur or ^tur. I* vt. Jk vt. I^obxd; 
-Tun-iNO.] To venture. H.». Anasard- 
ous experience; daring feat; venture; spec- 
ulatlon.-ad-ven't«r-e», •** fl| »5" r * 
ess, it. A seeker of adventures, or off ortune 
by questionable means. — ail-faii'RM^aiiSt 
a. I. Disposed to seek adventures; venture- 
some. 2. Hasardous. -Iy, adv. ~ " " 


«: art,ipe,lat^aro^*8t,wha^§U;m^g^prejr f ^^ hlt,lce;l»«;i*§;g«,n«t,«r,w#» f 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


ad 'verb, 1 ad'vurb; 2 ad'verb, n. Gram. Any 
word used to modify verbs, adjectives, 
orotberadverbs.— ad-ver'bl-al,a. •ly 9 ado. 

ad'ver-sa-ry, 1 adVor-se-n; 2 ad'ver-sa-ry, 
n. (-RIES*, pi.] An opponent; antagonist; 
enemy. _ 

ad 'verse, 1 ad'vnrs; 2 ad'vers, a. Oppos- 
ing or opposed; antagonistic -IF» «*»• 
. hdcm, n.-ad-Ter'si-ty, n. [-was*, pi.] 
Hardship or affliction; misfortune; poverty. 

ad-vert % 1 ad-vcrt'; 2 ad-vSrt', vi. To 
turn the mind; refer Incidentally.— ad-ver- 
tenee,n. Attention; notice. 

ad'ver-tlse or -die, 1 ad'ver-taiz; 2 
ad'vCr-tls, vt. & n. [-tibed; -tis'inq.J 
To make known by public notice. 
-ad-Wtise-ment, l ad-vOr'tis-inent or 
ad'vsr-tals'ment; 2 ad-ver'tia-ment or ad'- 
ver-tle'ment. n. A printed public notice, as 
In a newspaper. ad-ver'tli-ment p t.— ad'- 
vcr-tis"er or-tIs*cr, n. One wbo advertises. 

ad-vfee', 1 ad-vais'; 2 &d-vlc / , n. 1. En- 
couragement or dissuasion; counsel. 2. 
Information; notification: frequently in 
the plural, advices. 3. Deliberation; fore- 
thought. ' 

ad-vlse'. U ad-vmV; 2 ad-vis* t. [ad- 

ad*?fSe /r 9 fVMBD'jAD-VlS'lNG.J Jul l.To 
give advice to; counsel; warn; recom- 
mend. 2. To apprize (of) ; notify; inform. 
II. i. To take or give counsel ; consult.— 
ad-rU"a-Mlt-ty, a. ad-vls'a-We-oesst. 
— ad -ils'a-bl(e*. a. Proper to be advised; 
expedient.- ad-vfs'a-My* adv.- ad-vfs'ed- 
ly, adv. With forethought or advice; not 
hastily.— ad-Tto'er, a. One who advises.— 
ad-Tfso-ry, a. Having power to advise; 

ad'vo-eate, 1 ad'vo-ket; 2 ad'vo-cftt. I. 
vL [•cat"bd«; -cat'ino.] To speak in fa- 
vor of; plead for. II. a. An intercessor; 
counselor.— ad'ro-ca-cy, a. Act of advo- 

ads, \ 1 ads: 2 ads, n. A hand cutting* 

adse,/ tool with blade at right angles m 
to its handle. ■ 

JB-. For words so beginning, see i>% Jl 

^■ gc 'ao, 1 Hfsn; 2 e-gfan, a. Per- ma 
tainmg to a sea between Greece and WJ\ 
Asia Minor, part of the Medlterra- V-M 
nean; the Greek Archipelago. \rr 

a'er-ate,16'er-etj_ 2a'e*4tt,rf. J-at'- Ada. 
«n d : -at'mcg.] To supply or charge /w 
with air or gas. 

a-e'rl*a], 1 Wn-el; 2 a-tfri-al, a. Of or 
Hke the air; high in air; growing in air; 
airy; spiritual 

-a'er-fe. 1 §'er-i; 2 ft'er-i, n. The nest or 
brood of a predatory bird, as the eagle on 
a crag, a'er-yt. 

a'er-I-form, 1 e'er-i-ferm; 2 a'Sr-i-fdrm, a. 
Like air; gaseous; unsubstantial; intan- 

a'er-o, 1 e'er-o; 2 a'er-o, aWr. [Colloq.] An 
aeroplane or other aerial vehicle. — a'er-o- 
boat", n. A flying boat; hydroaeroplane. 

a'er-o-drome, 1 e'ar-o-drom; 2 a'5r-o- 
drom, n. A mechanism for gliding on the 
air; place for testing flying-machines. 

a'er-o-gram, 1 €'er-o-gram; 2 a'er-o-gram, 
n. A wireless message. [meteorite. 

a'er-o-llte, 1 e'er-o-loit; 2 ft'gr-o-llt, n. A 

a'er-o-naut, 16'er-o-net; 2 a'er-o-nat, n. 
A balloonist; aviator. 

a^er-o-nau'tic, 1 §"er-o-ne'tik; 2 a'er-o- 
na/tie, o. Pertaining to aeronauts. 

a"er-o-naii'ticg, 1 e'er-o-nS'tiks; 2 a"«r-o- 
na'ties.n. The science of navigating theair. 

a'er-o-plane, 1 g'ar-o-plen; 2 a'er-o-nlan, n. 
A kite-lilt e machine for flying: a f 'heavi- 
erthan«air" machine, having one plane 
(monoplane) or two planes {biplane), and 
sustained by the gliding motion imparted 
by its own propeller. 

a'er-o-stat, 1 «'»r-o-stat; 2 a'Sr-o-stat, n. 
JL A balloon or flying-machine. 2. [Rare.] 
An aeronaut or aviator.— a'er-o-statle, a. 
-ft-cal*.- a"er-o-etat'lcs, n. pL 1. The 
scientific study of air and gases at rest. 2. 
Aerostatics.- a'er-o-sta'tlon, n. The art 
or practise of raising and supporting bodies 
in the air, as balloons or flying-machines. 

ses-thet'ic, etc. See esthetic, etc. 

a-far', 1 e-for'; 2 a-far / , adv. At or to a 

affa-aKe*, 1 af'e-bl; 2 af'a-bl. a. Easy 
and courteous in manner.— aTfa-bfll-ty, 
a. The quality of being affable; easy court- 
esy. arfa-M<e-BeM r *«— af'fa-bly, adv. 

aMalr', 1 a-far 7 ; 2 &-far / , n. Anything 
done ortobe done; business; matter; thing. 

aHeed**, 1 a-fekt'; 2 a-«fct', w. To act 
upon: influence; move emotionally. 

— af-feet'ed't pa. Acted upon; influenced: 
moved emotionally.— aX-fectlng, pa. Mov- 
ing; pathetic— af^fectfing-lF, adv. 

aMeef^t vL 1. To be fond of ; love ; haunt ; 
frequent. 2» To pretend; counterfeit.— 
aTfee-ta'tloa, 1 af'ek-te'shsn: 2 af'ee-ti'- 
shon, n. Pretense; display.— a^Cect'ed 1 , pa. 
Showing affectation; Inclined; frequented; 
unnatural, -ly, adr. •aess, n. 

af-fec'ttoni, 1 a-fek'slien; 2 a-feVshon, n. 
The act of influencing, or state of being 
influenced; state of mind or body; disease. 

af-fec / tioa*, n. 1. Strong and tender at- 
tachment: love. 3. Any natural feeling. 

— aMtoe'tloo-ate, a. Having or expressing 
love; loving; fond, ^y, adv. 

af'fer-ent, 1 af'ar-ent; 2 af'6r-€nt, a. Con- 

It a s final; l = habit; cdsle; oasout; all; lfl = fsad;ctliln; s;o; n = Blng; Chin, this. 
A waif, do.; bd6k. Mot; fuJl, mle, cflre, bAt,bOrn; oil, boy; fo, *em; iok; thin, this, 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


ducting inward or toward the center: op- 
posed to efferent. 
af-fl'ance, 1 a-foi'ens; 2 a-fl'anc. I. vt. 

t-ANCBD*; -anoinq.J To betroth; pledge. 
Ln. A betrothal; pledge of faith; con- 
fidence, [who makes an affidavit. 

af-fl'ant, 1 a-fai'ent; 2 a-fl'ant, n. One 

affl-da'vlt, 1 afVd§'vit; 2 aH-da/vit, n. 
A voluntary sworn declaration in writing. 

af-fil'1-ate, 1 a-fil'i-6t; 2 a-fll'i-at, v. 
[-AT # ED d ; -at'inq.] I. t. To associate 
with; adopt; ally. II. i. To be intimate; 
sympathize; consort.— af-fll"l-a'tIon, n. 

af-fln'i-ty, 1 a-fin'i-ti; 2 a-fln'i-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] Natural inclination; chemi- 
cal attraction. 

af-flrm', 1 a-furm'; 2 a-flrm', vt. & vi. To 
state positively; maintain; assert; aver; 
make affirmation.— af-flrm'ance, n. 1. 
Affirmation- 2. Law. Ratification.— af- 
Hr-ma'tton, n. A solemn declaration; 
statement.— af-flrm'a-tlv(e 8 . I. a. Taking 
the "yes" side; asserting something as fact. 
IL n. That which affirms or asserts; 
assent. -ly, adv. 

af-flx't, 1 a-flks'; 2 Brflks', vt. To attach; 
fasten; append.— affix, 1 afiks; 2 af Iks, n. 
That which is attached or added; a prefix or 

ftf-lllet'd, 1 a-flikt'; 2 a-firet', vt. To op- 
press; trouble; grieve; distress.— af-flle'- 
tlon, n. Distress of body or mind, or its 
cause; grief: calamity.— af-flle'tlv(e 8 , a. 
Causing distress; grievous. -Iy, adv. 

af'flu-ent, 1 af'lu-ent; 2 fiflu-ent. I. a. 
Abounding, as in wealth; rich; also, flow- 
ing freely; fluent. II. n. A tributary 
stream.— afflu-enee, n. A profuse or 
abundant supply; wealth. 

af-ford'd, 1 a-f6rd'; 2 a-fSrd', vt. t. To be 
able to meet, as expense; bear; stand. 2* 
To produce; yield. 

af-for'est, 1 a-fer'est; 2 a-flSr'est, vL' To 
convert into a forest; declare subject 
to forest laws. [brawl; fight; fray. 

af-fray' 1 a-frf'; 2 a-fra', n. A public 

*f-fright'[j, 1 a-frait'; 2 a-frlt'. Id. t*. To 
frighten, n. n Fright. 

•f-front', 1 a-frunt' 2 JWront'. Id. vt. To 
insult openly. IL, n. An open insult. 

af-fa'slon, 1 a-fia^en; 2 a-fa'zhon, n. 

a-fleld', 1 e-ffld'; 2 a-fSld', adv. In, to, or 
on the field. . [burning. 

a-flre % 1 * f uir / : 2 a-flr', adv. & a. On fire ; 

a~ flame', 1 e-flem'; 2 a-fl&m', adv. A a. 
Flaming; glowing; in a flame. 

a-float' s 1 e-fl5t'; 2 a-fl5t', adv. & a. Float- 
ing ; circulating; adrift: unfixed. [ing. 

a-Uuw', 1 &-fl6': 2 a-fl5\ adv. & a. Flow- 


a-foot', 1 e-futf; 2 a-fdot', adv. On foot; 
able to walk; on the move; astir. 

a-fore', 1 e-fSr'; 2 a-for 7 , adv., prep., A 
conj. Before. — a-f ore said", a. Said or 
mentioned before.— a-fore'tlme", adv. At a 

i previous time; formerly. 
ore 'thoughts l a-forthSt"; 2 a-foftbof, 
a. Intended; premeditated.— malice afore- 
thought, a preconceived intent to kill. 

a-foul', 1 e-faul'; 2 a-foul', adv. & a. In 
entanglement or collision. 

a-frald', 1 a-frSd'; 2 a-frad', a. Filled 
with fear; fearful. [more; again. 

a-fresh', 1 s-fresV; 2 a-fresh', adv. Once 

Af'ri-ca, l af'n-ke: 2 af'rt-ca, n. A continent; 
area, 11,950.000 square miles.— Afrl-can, 
a. &n. 

aft, 1 aft: 2 sit. NauL I. a. Of or near the 
stern. II. adv. At, toward, or near the stern. 

after, 1 after; 2 after. I. o. 1. NauU 
Farmer aft. 2. Following in time. II* 
adv. 1. At a later time. 2. In the rear; 
behind. III. prep. 1. In succession to; 
subsequently to; because of: notwith- 
standing. 2. Behind, back of, or below 
in rank ; inferior to ; in pursuit of ; in search 
of. 3. In relation to; about; for; in imi- 
tation of: in obedience to; according to. 
4. For the sake of; by the name of. 

— after -crop*, n. A second crop in a 
season — after-math", n. The second 
mowing of the season.— after-most, a. 
superl. 1. Naut. Af tmost. 2t. Last or latest. 

— after-noon', n. That part of the day 
between noon and sunset; figuratively, the 
closing part.— after-piece", n. 1. A farce 
or the like after a play. 2. A sequel.— after- 
ward, adv. In time following ; subsequently. 
af ter-wardsi* [Nearest the stern. 

aft 'most, 1 aft'most; 2 aft'most, a. Naut. 

a-galn', 1 e-gen'; 2 a-gen', adv. At a 
seoojM or another time; once more; anew; 
afresh; back; in reply; repeatedly; further; 
moreover; on the other hand. 

a-calnst', 1 e-genst'; 2 a-genst', prep. 1. 
Into contact or collision with; in move- 
ment toward; opposite or contrary to; in 
contact with; also, opposite to; in con- 
trast with. 2. In preparation for; in 
readiness for. 3. In exchange for. 4. 
To the debit of ; as a charge upon. 

ag'ate, 1 ag'it; 2 ag'at, n. 1. A variegated 
waxy quarts; a gem. 2. A child's play- 
ing marble. S. Print. 

The size of type in which this line Is set. 

A-ga 've, 1 s-ge'vi ; 2 a-ga've, n. A genus c f 
plants, embracing the century-plant. 

age, 1 €j : 2 fig. I. vt. & vi. [aged; ao'ino.] 
To make, grow, or seem to grow old. II. 
n. 1. Period of life or existence; length 

1: a = final; i = habit; crisle; on = out; all; 10 = feud; Ihin; go; n = sin^; Chin, this. 
S: waif, do,; Wok, Mot; full, rule, core, but, burn; 611, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ L€ 


of life already passed, ft. The deefine of 
life; the state of being old. 3. Legal 
majority; maturity. 4. An era; genera- 
tion; century.- a'ged, 1 6'Jed; 2 a'ged, pa. 

1. Advanced In years; of or like old age; old. 

2. Of or at the age of. 

•age, suffix, l. Forming collective nouns; as, 
bagga?e, leafage. 2. Forming nouns of con- 
dition, office, service, or other relation or 
connection; as, drayaie, pilgrimage. 

ft 'gent, 1 6'jent; 2 a'gent, n. i» One who 
acts; actor; doer. Z. One who or that 
which acts for another; a deputy.— a'gen-CF, 
a. [-cibs", pi.] 1. Active power or operation; 
activity; Instrumentality. Z. The relation, 
business, or place of business, of an agent. 

ag-glom'er-ate, 1 a-glem'sr-St; 2 a- 
gldm'er-at. I. vt.&vi. [-a?'ed«; -at- 
ing.] To gather, form, or grow into a 
ball or mass. IL a. Gathered into a 
mass or heap; clustered. III. a. A 
heap or mass of things thrown together 
Indiscriminately. — ag-gJom^er-a'tJon, a. 
A confused mass. 

ag-ghi'ti-nate* 1 a-gla'ti-n€t; 2 a-glu'ti- 
nat. I. vt. [-nat^bd; -nat'ing.J 1. 
To unite, as by glue. 2* To convert into 

Slue. II. a. Adhering.— ag-glu'tl-nant. 
. a. Tending to cause adhesion, ag-gln'- 
tl-na-tiv(e«t. II. a. A substance or remedy 
that causes adhesion.— ag-glu^ti-na'tlon.n. . 

ag'gran-dlfe or -dtse, 1 ag'ren-dois; 2 
agran-dlz, vL & vi. [-dized; -diz'ing.J 
To increase; exalt.— ag'gran-dise"ment,n. 
An aggrandizing; Increase; exaltation. 

ag'gra-vate, 1 ag'ra-vfit; 2 fig'ra-vat, vt. 
[-vat'ed*; -vat'ing.J To make worse; 
increase; intensify.— ag^gra-va'tlon, a. A 
making heavier or worse; an enhancing cir- 

ag'gre-gate, 1 ag/n-get; 2 agVe-gat. I. vt. 
6 vi. [-gat'ed 3 ; -gat'ino.] To bring or 
come together, as into a mass, sum, or 
body; collect; mass; amount to. II. a. 
Collected into a sum, mass, or total; col- 
lective. III*n. The entire number, sum, 
or quantity; amount; total.— ag"gre-ga'- 
tlon, n. A collection or mass; aggregate. 

ag-gres'sion, 1 a-gresVen; 2 a-gresh'on, a. 
An unprovoked attack.— ag-gres'slT(e 8 ? a. 
Disposed to attack or to vigorous activity. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n.— ag-gres'sor, a. One 
who begins a Quarrel. 

af-griev(e'P, 1 a-grtv / ; 2 a-ftreV, vt. [ag- 
grieved'*: AG-aRiEv'LNa.j To cause sor- 
row to; injure; oppress. 

a-ffbast', \ 1 e-gast'; 2 a-gastf. a. Struck 

a-gast*, j dumb with horror. 

ag/ll(e% 1 aj'il; 2 ag'il, a. Active; nimble. 
— a-gM-ty, a. Quickness and readiness in 
movement; nlmbleneas. 

agt-tafo, 1 aJVtet; 2 ag^i-tat, vt. & vi. 
[-tat'eiH; -tat'ingJ To excite; disturb; 
shake; discuss.— ag"l-4s/tioa r n. Violent 
motion or emotion; open, active discussion. 
— ag^ta'tor. a. 

a'gl-tato, 1 fi'ji-tfito; 2 a'gl-tato, a. Mu$, 
Stirred; restless; agitated. 

a-glow', 1 e-glS'; 2 a-gW, adv. & a. In a 
glow; glowing. 

ag-nog'tt-etem, > 1 ag-nes'ta-eism, ag-nes'- 

ag-nos'tics, jtiks; 2 ag-nos'ti-clsm, 
Sg-nSs'tieSj a. The doctrine that all be- 
ing, including God and the human soul, 
is unknown or unknowable.— ag-nos'tte. L 
a. Professing agnosticism. IL. a. A be- 
liever in agnosticism. 

a-go% 1 o-gS'; 2 a-go\ pp. A adv. Gone by; 
in the past; since. 

a-gog', 1 e-geg'; 2 a-g6g', adv. & a. Ex- 
cited with interest or expectation. 

ag'o-nlxe, ) 1 ag'o-ncriz; 2 ag'o-nlz, vt. &vi. 

ag 'o-nlse, J [-nized ; -niz'ing.] To torture ; 
De in agony; writhe; strive. 

ag'o-nr, 1 ag'o-ni; 2 ag'o-ny, n. [-nibs', 
pL] Intense suffering; anguish; struggle. 

a gfa'ri-an, 1 e-gr€'ri-&n; 2 a-gra'ri-an, I. 
a. Pertaining to land or its distribution; 
pertaining to agrarianism. II. n. An 
advocate of agrarianism.— a-gra'ri-an-lsmy 
a. The theory or practise of or the demand 
for an equal or general distribution of lands. 

a-gree', 1 e-grr; 2 a-grS', vi. [a-greed'; 
a-gree'inq.] To be of one mind ; concur r 
consent; promise; correspond; match. 

a-gree'a-bl(e p , 1 e-grTa-bl; 2 a-gr6'a-bl, a. 
Agreeing; pleasurable; suitable; corre- 
spondent: willing.— a-gree"a-MI'l-ty , a. a- 
gree'a-W(e-nes» p J.-a-gree / a-bl>, adv. 

a-gree 'ment, 1 e-grf'ment or -ment; 2 
a-gre'ment, a. Mutual assent; con- 
formity; concord; a contract. 

as/rl-cuT'ture, 1 agTi-kurdhur or -tiur; 2 
ag'ri-eol "chur or -tQr, n. The cultivation 
of th.e soil; tillage; farming.— ag"ri-cultur» 
al, a. Of, pertaining to, or engaged in agri- 
culture.— ag^rf-cul'tar-lst, a. A farmer. 

a-ground', 1 e-graund'; 2 a-ground', ado. 
& a. On the shore or bottom, as a vessel; 

a'gue, 1 S'giQ; 2 a'gu, a. Chills and fever;, 
also, a chin.— a'gu-lsh, a. 

a-bead% ) 1 s-hed'; 2 a-hW, adv. At the 
""\ jhead; in advance; forward, 
uwy • 1 Srhei'; 2 a-hfijr 7 , -interj. NatU. 
Ho there! as, ship ahoy! 

aid, 1 fid; 2 ad. I. vt. & vi. To help; suc- 
cor; assist. IL a. Cooperation: assis- 
tance; a helper; assistant. 

alde'-de-camp", l *d'-di-kamp' or ad'-ds* 
kfin'; 2 ad'ide^amp" or &dVle*ean\ a. 

J :oitisiic,an;fat,fire;fti8t;g«t l prey;hlt, poMce;obey,go^n«t,8r:fiill,rflle;b©t, bOrru 
2: art,ape,fat41re,fit^what l aU;m^git t pit7,fern; hlt,lce;l=e;i=5;g*,n*t % «r,w6i^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

AaxucuLTcmAL Impubicbnts. 
2. TootMiarrow. 3. DteMiarrow. 4. Hay-raXe. 5. Ma nn r»« pre ader. 6. 
BtDdlnpmachtoe (rear view). 7. Feedfrinder. 8. RMlng*ealthrator. 9. Dtok-harrow 


Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


[aides'*de-camp\ pi.] Mil. An officer 

who acts as assistant to a general: called 

also aid. 
al'er-le, al'er-y , n. Same as aerie. 
al'gret, 1 fi'gret; 2 fi'gret, n. 1. A heron, 

the egret. 2. A tuft of feathers or the like. 
all, 1 61; 2 al, vt. & vi. To trouble; make or 

be somewhat ill.— ailing, a. Somewhat 111. 

-alTment,n. Indisposition; Illness, all*, 
aim, 1 em; 2 am. I. vt. & vi. To direct 

toward a mark or point; point or level; 

have a purpose; endeavor earnestly. II. 

n. The act of aiming; line of direction of 

anything aimed; object or point aimed at: 

purpose.— aimless, a. Wanting in aim or 

air, 1 fir; 2 ar, vt. To expose to the air; 

purify; ventilate; make public— airing, 

n. Exposure to or exercise la the air. 
air 1 , n. The gaseous substance surrounding 

the earth; the atmosphere; wind; breeze. 

-alr'Hlne", n. 1. The shortest distance 

between two points on the earth's surface. 

2. A direct railroad route.— alr'ashlp", n. 

A dirigible balloon. 
air 3 , n. 1. Characteristic appearance; mien; 

manner. 2. Affectation: commonly in the 

plural. [soprano. 

•Ira, n . mus. 1. A melody; tune. 2. The 
alr'man", 1 ar'man "; 2 ar'man ", n. One who 

operates a balloon or flying-machine; an 

aeronaut or aviator. 
alr'y, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the air; 

breezy; delicate; ethereal; buoyant; 

visionary. 2. 

Putting on airs; 

affected. 8. Viva- 
clous; gay.— alr'l- 

ly, adv. In a l Ik tit 

or airy manner; 

delicately; Jauntily. 

— air'1-ness. n. 
aisle, ) 1 oil; 2 il. n. 
alle s ,jl. A pas- 
sageway between 

seats in a church. 

2. A wing of a 

a-jar', 1 s-jcV; 2 

a-jar 7 , a. & nde. 

Partly open, as a 

a-kim1>o,le -ki;.; r - 

bo; 2 a-kWbo, 

adv. With aanria 

on hips and elbows 
. outward. 
a-ldn', 1 e-kin'; 2 a-kfn', a. & adv. 

the same kin; related; similar. 
al-, prefix. 1. Form of Latin ad-, to, before 1, 


' u 

as in allocation. 2. The: the Arable defi- 
nite article, as In AJkoran. 
-al, suffix. Of, like, or pertaining to: forming 
adjectives from other adjectives and nouns, 
and nouns from verbs; as, denial, musical 
a la carte', 1 a la kfirt'; 2 a la cfirt'. [F.] Ac- 
cording to bill of fare; designating a sys- 
tem where each dish is ordered and charged 
separately: opposed to table d'Mte. 
a-lac'ri-ty, 1 e-lak'n-ti; 2 a-iaVri-ty, n. 
Willingness and promptitude; readiness: 
a la mode', 1 a la mOd'; 2alfim0d\ Accord- 
ing to the mode; fashionable. 
a-larm', 1 ©-lorm'; 2 a-larm'. I. vt. To. 
stnke with sudden fear; give alarm to; 
arouse. II. n. 1. Sudden fear arousing to 
defense or escape. 2. A sound to apprize of 
danger or arouse from sleep; a mechanism, 
fis of a clock, giving such signal.— a-larm'* 
is t , n. One disposed to excite alarm. 
a-Jas', 1 a-las'; 2 a-las', inter j. An ex- 
clamation of sorrow. [ment. 
alb, l alb ; 2 alb, n. A priest's linen veaU 
al '■-.;•■;.,■ ..-s, 1 al'be-tres; 2 an>a-tros, n. 
[-tbo*s-ics, pi] A large, long- 
win^od aea*bird. 
aTtRv'Hj, 1 ol'bl'it; 2 
ajtie'it, con/. Altho. 
al-hf'jio, 1 al-bai'no; 2 ' 
al-bl'no, n. A person, * 
ariHuaE r or plant un-1 
naturally white. * 
album, l alburn; 2 aT- 
bfim, ti. A blank book Albatross. */« 
for holding photographs, autographs, etc. 
al-bu'men, 1 al-biQ'men; 2 al-bu'men, n. 
The white of an egg or a similar viscous 
substance.— al-bu'ml-nous, a. 
al'che-my, 1 al'ki-mi; 2 al'ee-my, n. The 
medieval chemistry that sought the trans- 
mutation of base metals into gold, the 
elixir of life, etc.— al-chemle, 1 al-kem'ik; 
2 al-cem'lc, a. Of, pertaining to, or produced 
by means of alchemy, al-cheml-cal!.— al'- 
che-mlst, n. One skilled In alchemy, al'* 
alfeo-bol, 1 al'ko-hel; 2 al'co-hftl, n. The 
intoxicating principle of wines and liq- 
uors; pure distilled spirits; ardent spirits. 
— al'co-hol'le. I. a. Pertaining to, like, 
containing, or preserved in alcohol. II. n. 
1. A toper; drunkard. 2. pi. Alcoholic 
liquors.— al'co-hol-lsm, n.— al'co-hol-lze 
or-lse, vt. [as Koran. 
Al"co-ran', 1 al"ko-ran'; 2 al'eo-ran', n. Same 
al'cove, 1 al'kov or al-kov'; 2 ai'eSv or al- 
eov', n. A recess oonnected with a larger 
room; a compartment, as of a, library. 
See illus. on following page. 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prfiy ; hit, police ; obey , gfi ; net,6r : fuUVrllle ; but, bOrn. 
2: Srt,ape,fat,fare f fast,what,aU;mfi,g«t,pr$y,fern; blt,lce; I=e;i=e;go,ndt,«r,wdn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


al'der, 1 el'der; 2 al'der, n. A small tree 

of the oak family. 
al'der-man, 1 el'der-msn; 2 al'der-man, n. 

l-MEN,pZ.l A city 

■le, 1 61; 2 &L n. A 

fermented malt 

a4emf»lc, 1 e-len 

bik;2arleWbic, . 

An old-style cu- 

tilling apparatus 

anything thai 

tests or purifies. 
»4ert', 1 e-lun'; 


watchful; on the 

lookout; ready for 

sudden action; aU 

SJ? y; SSJ 10 A" ly ' ~ Alcove. 
adv. -ness, n. . 

aMal'fa, 1 al-fal'f»; 2 al-fal'fa, n. A for- 
age»plant with leaflets and clover-like 

al ft'oQ, i ol fr*n§; 2 &1 fi'ne. J»fi«. To the end. 

aTge-bra, 1 al'ji-bre; 2 al'ge-bra, n. Math- 
ematical calculation by letters and sym- 
bols; atreattaeon this branch.— al'ge-bra'lc, 
a. Pertaining to algebra, al^ge-bral-calj. 

- aTfe-bral-cal-lfr adv. 

all-as, 1 6'li-es; 2 a'li-as. La. Another. 
IL n. An assumed name. III. adv. 
Otherwise: otherwise called. 

all-bl, 1 al'i-bai; 2 al'i-bl, n. Law. A 
plea of being elsewhere when a crime was 
committed. _ _ 

alien, 1 eTyen; 2 al'yen. I. a. Qf an- 
other country; foreign. II. n. An 
unnaturalized foreigner; a stranger.- allen- 
a-bKe^.a. That may be alienated.- alien- 
age, a. The state or quality of being an 
Sen. -alien-ate, vt. I-at'ed*; -at'inq.) 
tm To make alien; estrange. *. To transfer; 
sell.-a'TIen-a'tion.rt. Estrangement; sale; 
mental derangement.— alBBn-lsm, ft. 1* 
Alienage. *. The study and treatment of 
mental disease. 3. BheL The use of foreign 
words or idioms.— allen-lst, n. One who 
studies or treats insanity. .... 

a-llght', 1 8-loit'; 2 a-Ht'. I. w. [a- 
light'bd 3 ; a-lioht'inq.] To descend and 
come to rest; dismount; settle; rest: with 
on or upon. tL a. & adv. Lighted ; on fire. 

a-9Ee% 1 e-loik'; 2 a-llk'. t. a. * Similar; like 
one another. II. adv. In like manner. 

all-men t, 1 al'i-ment or -ment; 2 ali- 
ment, n. Food; nutriment; sustenance. 

- aTVinental, a. Nutritious. - aTO-men'- 
tn-rjr # «. Supplying nourishment; connected 


with nutrition.— al'T-men-ta'tlon, n. The 

supplying or partaking of food. 

al'1-mo-ny, 1 al'i-mo-ni; 2 al'i-m5-ny, n. 
Law. Separate maintenance to a wife. 

a-llne', 1 e-lain'; 2 a-lm', v. [a-lined'; 
a-lin'inq.] 1. t. To arrange in line, as 
in military tactics. II. t. To fall into 
line.— a-llne'ment, n. Position in line; for- 
mation in line; a straight line. 

al'l-quant, 1 al'i-kwent; 2 al'i-kwant, a. 
Contained in another number, but with 

al'I-quot, 1 al'i-kwet; 2 al'i-kwot, a. 
Contained in another number without re- 
mainder, [tive; vigorous; active. 

a-U?e', 1 e-loiv'; 2 a-UV, a. Living; sensi- 

allta-hest, 1 al'ke-hest; 2 allca-nest, n. 
Alchemy. An imaginary infallible solvent. 

allca-li, 1 al'ke-lai or -h; 2 &l'ka-ll or -li, n. 
[-lis" or -libs", pL] A caustic substance 
neutralising adds.— al f ka-lln(e 8 , 1 al'ka-laln 
or -lin; 2 al'ka-lln or -Un, a. Of, containing, 
or like an alkali. 

allca-lold, 1 alTce-leid; 2 Mica-Kid. I. 
a. Of or like an alkali. II. n. Anitroo- 
enous organic substance (generally veg- 
etable) of poisonous properties. 

Al"ko*ran', etc. Same as Koran, etc. 

all, 1 el; 2 al. I. a. The whole of. II. n. 
The whole; each and every person or 
thing. III.adt>. Wholly; entirely; quite. 

al'la bre've, 1 aTla brS'vB: 2 al'lft bre/ve. 
Mm. In quick (common) time. 

Allah, 1 al'e; 2 al'a, ». The one supreme 

al-Ky^,' 1 a-le'; 2 a-lft', vt. [al-lated', ad- 
layd*; al-lay'ino.] To calm; reduce; re- 
lieve; soothe; pacify. 

al-lege', 1 a-lej'; 2 a-leg*. vt. Sal-legib>'; 
al-leg'ing.] To assert without proving; 
etate^lead.— al"le-ga'tlon, 1 alY-gS'rfhsn: 
2 al'sTfa'shon, n. The act of alleging, or 
that which is alleged. 

al-le'glance, 1 e-ll'jens; 2 a-16'ganc, n. 
Rdelity or duty to a government, a 
superior, or a principle. 

alle-gorlc f 1 alVgei/ik, -i-k»l; 2 al/e- 

aFle-gorl-cal, \ gft^ie, -l-cal, a. Pertaining 
to or containing allegory; figurative.— 
al"le-gort-cal-l>, adv. 

alle-go'Ty, 1 alWn; 2 al'e-go-ry, n. 
I-ries», pl.] A symbohc representation; 
a parable. 

aPle-gret'to, 1 an«-gret'to; 2 Une-gret'to, o. 
A adv. Mus. Moderately fast; slower than 
.aUegro. g fty^gro. Jf«f. I. a. 

V; lively. IL n. Music In quick 


ane-lula, n. & fcifetf. 


1: •« final; inhabit; aisle; an = out; efl; 10 = f«id;^liin; go; n-stov; €Wn,^. 
t: wolf,dft; bd6k, Mot; fnll, rple, core, bit, born; 611, boy; fo, *em; Ink; thin, dug. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ftMe'vf-ato, 1 e-Wvi-Gt; 2 a-lB'vi-at, vt. 
(-AT"BD d ; -at'ino.] To make lighter or 
easier to bear; relieve; mitigate.— aMe"vl- 
a'tlon, n. An alleviating, or that which 

alley, 1 al'i; 2 al'v, n. A narrow pasaage- 
way; a space or building for bowling. 

aMTance, 1 a-lai'ana; 2 Wfane, n. A for- 
mal union, as between states; intimate 

alH-fa'tor, 1 al'i*«tar; 2 all-gator, n. 
A large American 
crocodilian rep- 

a-lifar-S'snan; 2 Alligator. »/» 
WIt"er-a'8hon, n. The use of a number 
of words with the same initial letter; as, 
a fale of (error.— aHlfer-a-tfvCe", a. 

allo-cate, 1 al'o-k6t; 2 al'o-eat, *. To 
set apart; apportion; place.— i Wqi ratt an, 
a. Apportionment; allowance. 

aFlo-cu'tlon, i al'o-kiu'shen: 2 al'o-efi'- 
shon.n. A formal address, as by the Pope 
to the clergy. 

aWo-pathl* 1 al'o-paih'ik; 2 Myo- 
pathic, a. Pertaining to the system of 
medical treatment opposed to the homeo- 
pathic: a popular term not recognised by 
physicians as a class.— aKlop'a-tiiist, n. 
An advocate or practitioner of the aUopathlo 
system. al'lo-pathl.-al-lop'a-thy,*. The 
so-called allopathic system of medicine. 

•Mot', 1 Wet'; 2 Wdt', vf. (al-lot'ted; 
al-lot'ting.] To assign by lot; distrib- 
ute; appoint; assign.— aMofmeat, n. The 
act of allotting, or that which to allotted. 

al-low', 1 a-lou': 2 Wow', v. 1. 1 1. To 
put no obstacle in the way of; permit; 
tolerate; approve. 2. To grant; allot; 
give; admit; acknowledge. t» To make 
allowanoe for; deduct. IL i. Te make 
allowance, concession, or abatement.— 
aWoWa-bKe*, a. That may be allowed; 
permissible; admissible.— al-low'a-bly, adv. 
— al-low'anee. I*. vt. To put on an allow- 
ance; limit in amount. II. n. 1. That 
which is allowed; a limited amount, as of 
income or food. 2. Concession; a difference 
allowed. S. Acknowledgment. 

aJ-loy', 1 a-lei'; 2 a-lSy*. 1 vt. & u. 
To mix with or form into an alloy; tem- 
per; debase. II. n. 1. A mixture of 
two or more metals, or the baser metal 
in such mixture. 2. Anything that re- 
duces purity or excellence. 

ajl'sptce", 1 el'spois^ 2 aTspIc", n. The 
dned berry of a West-Indian tree, the 

aMude', 1 a-liud'; 2 WQd', vi. [Ab-LUD'sod; 


AL-LVD'nfa.] To refer (to something) 
without express mention; make indirect 

•More', 1 Wittr*; 2 War', vt. & vi. Ial- 
lurbd'; al-lub'ing. To attract; entice; 
tempt.— aMnre'ment, *. 1. The act, quel* 
lty, or power of alluring; enticement; fasci- 
nation; attraction. 2. A charm; lure. 

aMu'slon, 1 a-liu'sen; 2 Wu'shon, n. An 
alluding; indirect reference; suggestion. 

al-lu'stv (es 1 a-liu'aw; 2 WO/aiv, a. Sug- 
gestive; figurative. 

aMu'vl-al, 1 Wiu'vi-el; 2 WQ'vi-al, a. 
Pertaining to or composed of earth de- 
posited by water. 

al-lu'vl-lim, 1 WhTvt-om; 2 Wu'vi-um, n. 
1-vi-a or-vi-uua, pi.) Earth deposited by 

•My', 1 Woi': 2 Wy*. V vt. & vi. [al- 
lied'; al-lt/znq.] To unite by relation- 
ship, treaty, or marriage. It. n. [al- 
lies'*, pl.\ A state or ruler leagued with 
another by treaty; an associate; a Irins- 

al'ma-n&c, 1 el'me-nak; 2 al'ma-nae, n. 

A book giving the days of the week and 

month through the year, with various 

data; a yearly calendar. 
al-mlght'y, 1 dl-moit'i; 2 al-mft'y. I. a. 

Able to do all things. It. n. [A-] God; 

the Supreme Being. 
al'mond, 1 a'mend or al'mend; 2 a'mond 

or al'mond, a. The almond* 

tree, a native of Barbaiy or 

Morocco; also, the stone of it a 

nutlike fruit. G 

al'mon-er, 1 al'mon-or or am'- 

ner; 2 al'mon- 

er or am'nSr, 

n. An official 

dispenser of 

alms; formerly, 

a household 

chaplain, —a 1'- 

mon-ry, n. 

[-ribs*, pi.) The 

residence of an 

almoner; place 

where alms are 

al'most, l ol'- 
m6st; 2 a|'- 


a, flowerin* branch; b, e, 

fruit; d, stoat. 

moat, ado. Approximately; very nearly. 
alma, 1 ami; 2 4ms, n. sing. A pi. A gift 

or gifts for the poor; charitable offerings; 

charity.— almsliouse", n. A home for the 

destitute; poorhouse. 
al'oe, 1 al'o: 2 al'o, n. A plant with thick, 

fleshy leaves. — American aloe, the 

k artistic, art; fanfare; fast; get, pi^; hit, poM^ 

Digitized by UOOQ L€ 


tory-plant.- aPoes, n. *ino. A pi. A bit- 
ter cathartic from certain species of aloe. 

fi-loft', 1 e-left'; 2 a-ldft', adv. In or to a 
high or higher place; on high; high up. 

-•logy, tufflx. See -loot. 

a-k»ne% 1 a-ldn'; 2 a-ldn', a. & adv. With- 
out company; solitary; unique; only. 

a-long', 1 a-leo'; 2 a-16ng / . I. ode. 1. 
Lengthwise; onward. 2. In company 
(with). IL prep. On the line of; by the 
side of; throughout. — a-long/slde". I. 
adv. Close to or along the side. II. prep. 
Side by side with. 

ft-loof, 1 e-lQf'; 2 a-ldof, adv. At a dis- 
tance apart. [or audibly. 

a-k>ud', 1 ©-laud'; 2 a-krod', 


filPt 1 alp; 2 alp, n. A lofty mountain. 
— aPpen-horn*, l al'pen-hern'; 

il-p&e'a, n. A 


, j 2 al'pen- 

born", n. A long curved horn used by cow- 
herds on the Alps.— al'pen-stoek", 1 al'pen- 
stak'; 2 ai'penwrtok", n. A mountaineers* 
long iroD»pointed staff.— Al'pine, l al'pin or 
-pain; 2 al'pin or -phi, a. Pertaining to the 
Alps, a mountainous region of Europe. 

aJ-pac'a, 1 al-pak'e; 2 ftl-pac'a, n. A 
sheep-like ruminant of 
South America, having 
long, silky wool; a thin cloth 
made of ox in imitation 
of its wool. 

al'pba, I al'fe; 2 ar*fa. n. The 
flret letter In the Greek al- 
phabet, equal to the English 
A, a; hence, the beginning 
or the first of anything. Arnica, t/n 

alpha-bet, \1 al'fe-bet; 2 A1D * ca * /w 

ftl'f3a-bet», /al'fa-Wt, n. The letters that 
form the elements of written language, in 
order as fixed by usage; the simplest ele- 
ments or rudiments of anything.— al"pha- 
befle, a. 1. Pertaining to, haying, or ex- 
pressed by an alphabet. 2. Alphabetical.— 
aPplta-beit-cal, a. 1. Arranged in the 
order of the alphabet. 2. Alphabetle.— al"- 
pha-betl-eal-ly, adv. 

ll-read 'y, 1 1 el-red'i; 2 al-rW'y, adv. Be- 

•l-fed'y*. /fore or by this time or the time 
mentioned; even now. 

■1'so, 1 el'so; 2 al'so, adv. & conj. Besides; 
too; likewise. 

aFta, 1 fll'to: 2 Il'ta. a. & ft. Mitt. High: 
feminine of alto. 

fil'tar, 1 el'ter; 2 %1'tar, n. 1. A raised 
place for burning sacrifices or incense. 2. 
The communion-table; a place of prayer. 

ftl'ter, 1 eTter; 2 aTter, v. I. *. To 
change; vary; modify; transform. IL i. 
To become different.— ar*te#-a-bl(e* 9 a. 
Capable of alteration — aPter-a-My, adv.— 
aI*ter-a'tton, n. The act or result of alter- 
ing; modification; change.— aTter-a-tlv(e*. 


La. Tending to change gradually the bodily 
condition to a normal state. II. n. An al- 
terative medicine, al'ter-ant*. 

al'ter-cate, 1 al'for el^ter-ket; 2 al'[or ajl- 
tSr-cat, vi. [-CAT'End; -cat'ing.] To 
dispute; wrangle.— aT'ter-ca'tlon, n. Angry 
controversy; disputing. 

al'ter-nate, 1 alV ellter-net; 2 &l'[or %\ r [- 
tSr-n&t, vt.&vi. (-NAT'sod; -nat'ing.1 To 
change, perform, or occur by turns.— 
alternating current (Elec.), a current that 
changes from the positive to the negative di- 
rection and back rapidly; a vibrating or 
pulsating current.— al"ter-na'tton, n. Oc- 
currence in turn; permutation. 

al-ter'nate, 1 al-[or ol-Jtur'mt; 2 al-[or a>]- 
teVnat. I. a. 1. Existing, occurring, 
or following by turns; reciprocal. 2. 
Every other (of a series) ; pertaining to 
such a series. II. n. [U. S.J A substitute 
or second.— aJ-ter'nate-ly, adv. In alter- 
nate order; by turns. 

sJ-ter'na-tfv(e«, 1 al-tor SHtoVne-tiv; 2 
&l-[or al-jterna-tiv. I. a. Affording a 
choice between two things. II. n. Some- 
thing instead of something else; a choice 
of two (or more) things.— al-ter'na-tfv(e- 
lya, adv. In an alternative manner. 

al'ter-na"tor, 1 aT(or oi'Jter-n«"tor; 2 al'[or 
al1ter-na"t6r, n. 1. One who or that 
which alternates. 2. A dynamo giving 
an alternating current. 

al-tho', n el-th6'; 2 al-thO', conj. 

al-tbough'. > Admitting or granting that; 
eventno; notwithstanding. 

al'tMude, 1 ai'ti-tiud; 2 al'ti-tOd, n. 
Vertical elevation; height. 

alto, 1 alto or ol'to: 2 aTto or U'to. Mm. 
L a. Sounding or ranging between tenor 
and treble. II. n. The lowest female voice. 

al"to-getlTer, 1 ©Tte-gettVar; 2 aj'to- 
ggthjifr, adv. Completely; wholly; per- 

altra-lsm, 1 aTtru-izm; 2 al'tru-tem, n. 
Disinterested benevolence.— aPtra-lst, n. 
One who holds to altruism.— aPtru-ls'tlc a. 

arum, I aTum; 2 al'um, n. An astringent 
mineral salt. 

a-lu'mlxDA, I a-liO/mi-ne; 2 a-10/mi-na, n. 
Chem. Aluminum oxid; pure clay. 

a-lu'ml-noiis, 1 e-lia'mi-nus; 2 a-lu'mi- 
nas, a. Pertaining to or containing alum 
or alumina. 

a-lu'mj-num, 1 s-liu'mi-nom: 2 a-10/mi- 
num, n. A light silvery metallic element, 
which does not tarnish. al"u-mln T-umt. 

a-lum'na, 1 e-lum'ne; 2 a-lum'na, n. 
(•nj, 1 -nl: 2 -nfi, pi] A woman graduate, 
as of a college. 

a-ium'naa, 1 e-lum'nus; 2 a-lum'nas, n. 

1: »« final; inhabit: aisle; aa«<mt; all; IO = f«*d; *hin; go; Q»s1n^; thin^lhla, 
t: w^d ft ; bAk, boot; fall, ra>, care, bat, barn; oil, oojr; fo, fern; iok; thin, thak 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


[-*ni, 1 -nai; 2 -nl, pi] A male graduate, 
as of a college. 

al'ways, 1 51'wiz; 2 aj'wag, adv. 1. Per- 
petually; ceaselessly. 2. Regularly; in- 
variably, al'wayj [Poet.]. 

A-lys'sum, 1 a-lis'um; 2 a-lyVfim, n. Bot. 
1. A large genus of plants of the mustard 
family, bearing racemes of white or yel- 
low flowers. 2. [a-1 Any plant of this 
genus, a sweet alyesum. 

am, 1 am; 2 am, 1st per. sing. pres. ind. of 

BE. ' 

a- main', 1 d-men'; 2 a-man', adv. Ve- 
hemently; exceedingly; without delay. 

a-mal'gam, 1 e-mal'gam; 2 a-mal'gam, n. 
An alloy of mercury ; a combination. 

a-maj'ga-mate, 1 a-mal'ge-mgt; 2 a- 
mal'ga-m&t, vt. & vi. J-mat'ed* 1 ; -mat'- 
inq.J To unite in an alloy with mercury; 
combine; mix.— a-mafga-ma'tton, n. The 
forming of an amalgam; mingling; mixture. 

a-man"u-en'slg, 1 a-man "yu-en'sis; 2 a- 
m&n "yu-en'sis, n. [-bes, 1 -slz; 2 -seg, pi.] 
One who copies manuscript or takes dic- 

am'a-ranth, 1 am'a-ranth- 2 am'a-ranth, 
n. A plant with flowers that do not fade 
when gathered; also, an imaginary never* 
fading flower.— am'a-ran'tbJnCe 8 , a. Un- 
fading; immortal; of purplish hue. 

a-mass', 1 e-mas'; 2 a-mas', vt. To heap 
up: accumulate.— a-mass'ment, n. 

am'a-teur', 1 amVtur 7 ; 2 arnVtur 7 . I. 
a. Pertaining to, like, or done by an am- 
ateur. 11. n. One who practises an art 
or a sport merely for the love of it. 

am'a-tlv(e*, 1 am'e-tiv; 2 am'a-tlv, _ 
Pertaining to sexual love; amorous.— am'a- 
tlv(e-ness 8 , n.— am'a-to-ry, a. Character- 
ized by, expressing, or given to sexual love. 

a-maze', 1 e-mez'; 2 a-mfiz', *t. [ A - 
mazed'; a-maz'inq.1 To confound or be- 
wilder; astonish greatly.— a-maz'ed-iy, adv. 

— a-maze'ment, n. Wonder; surprize; as- 
tonishment.— a- in a z'Ing, pa. Causing 
amazement; wonderful. -Iy, adv. 

Am'a-zon, 1 am's-zen; 2 am'a-zdn, n. 1. 
One of a mythical race of female warriors. 
2. [A- or a-l Any female warrior; a virago. 

— Am'a-so'nl-an, a. Pertaining to the 
Amazons or to the Amazon river in South 
America; the largest In the world; length, 
4,000 miles; has 12 tributaries, each 1,000 
miles long; warlike; masculine. 

am-bas'sa-dor, 1 am-bas'a-der; 2 am- 
b&s'a-dor, n. ,Jj A • diplomatic* envoy of 
highest ran]# minister plenipotentiary; 
any official jtfessenger. em-bas'sa-dor*.— 
am-bas'sajQress, ». 1. A female ambassa- 
dor, t. TKe wife of an ambassador. 

___ 18 

amlwr, 1 am'Ber; 2 am'bgr. I. a. Per- 
taining to or like amber. II. n. A yel- 
lowish fossilized vegetable resin, hard, 
brittle, and translucent. 

amtttr-gris, 1 ain'bdr-grls; 2 am'ber-grls, 
n. A waxy substance from the sperm* 
whale, used In perfumery' 

am"bi-dei'ter, 1 am"bi-deks'ter; 2 am"bi- 
dgks'ter. I. a. Using both hands equal- 

SwelL am"bl-dei'trous$. II. n. 1. 
ne who uses both hands equally well. 
2. A double-dealer; hypocrite.— am"bl-dex- 
ter'l-ty, n. 

am'bl-eiit, 1 am'bi-ent; 2 am'bi-ent, a. 

am-blg'u-ous, 1 am-big'yu-ns; 2 am-blfc'- 
yu-us, a. Having a double meaning; 
equivocal. -Iy, adv. -ness, n.— am"bl-g^r- 
l-ty, n. [-ties*, pi.] The quality of being 
ambiguous; an ambiguous expression. 

am-bl'tfon, 1 am-bisli^en; 2 am-blsh'on, 
n. 1. Inordinate desire of power or dis- 
tinction. 2. Worthy eagerness to achieve 
something great and good. 3. An object 
of ambitious effort.— aro-bi'tlous. a. 1. 
Characterized by ambition; aspiring. 2. 
Pretentious; showy. -Iy, adv. -ness, n. 

am'bKe*', 1 am^bl; 2 am^l. 1. vi. Jam'- 
bl(e)d*; am'blinq.1 To move with, an 
easy pace or swaying motion. II. n. An. 
easy gait, as of a horse, in which both legs 
on one side move at once.— ampler, n. 

am-bro'sl-a, lam-bro'a-a; 2 am-br6'zhi-a, 
" of the gods; delicious 

The fabled food < 

food.— am-bro'slal, a. 

like ambrosia; fragrant; 

Pertaining to or 
delicious; also, be- 

longing to or worthy of the gods; heavenly. 

am'bu-laiice, - #t * • « -...#.- 

lane, n. Acov« 
ered w« 




n. — am ' bu- la- to-ry . 

■"— II. a [-RIES*, pi.] 

wagon for 
conveying the 4 
8 i c k and: 
tlon, n. A 
walking about. 
— am'bu-la'tor, 
L a. Walking; shifting. 
A place for walking. 

am"bus-cade', 1 am"bus-ked'; 2 am"bua- 
c&d', v. & n. Ambush. 

am'bush, 1 am'busli; 2 am'bush. It. vt. 
1. To bide, as troops, for attack by sur- 
prize. 2. To attack from an ambush; 
waylay. II. n. The lying concealed to 
attack by surprize; the hiding-place, or 
the persons hidden. 

a-me'pa, 1 a-mfba; 2 a-mS'ba, n. A mi- 
croscopic organism, consisting of a jelly- 
like mass, able to move, by throwing out 


8: art, ajte, f at,fare, f ^ast,wbat, all ; m€, g*t, prgy, fern ; hit, Ice ; I=8;i=S;gO,ndt,6r,wdn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


finger-like extensions of its substance. 
a-moybai.— a-nie'boid. I. a. Like an 
ameba. II. n. An organism resembling an 
ameba. a-moe'boldj. \ 

a-meer', 1 e-mlr'; 2 a-m6r', n. A Mo- 
hammedan prince or governor; especially, 
the sovereign of Afghanistan. 

a-rae'Jio-rate, 1 e-mrt"yo-ret; 2 a-mel'yo- 
r3t, vt. & vi. [-rat'ed*; -rat"ino.J To 
make or grow better; improve; relieve. 
— a-me"llo-ra'tton, n. An ameliorating; 
improvement.— a-me / llo-ra-tiv(e 8 , a. 

•"men', 1 §"men'; 2 a'mfin' or (Aftts.) 1 
fi'men'; 2 a'men', interj. So it is, or so be it. 

a-me'na-bl(e p , 1 d-ml'ne-bl; 2 a-m€'na- 
bl, a. Accountable; subject; submis- 
sive; tractable.— a-me'na-bly, adv. 

a-mend'd, 1 a-mend'; 2 a-mend', vt. & vi. 
To change for the better; correct; im- 
prove.— a-mend'a-to-ry» a. Tending to 
amend.— a-mend'ment, n. Change or a 
changing for the better; improvement; mod- 
ification.- a-mends', n. pi. Reparation, 
satisfaction, or compensation. 

a-men'1-ty, 1 e-men'i-ti; 2 a-men'i-ty, n. 
h-nES", pi.] Agreeableness; pleasantness. 

am'ent, 1 am'ent; 2 am'ent, n. A catkin. 

a-merce', 1 a-murs'; 2 a- 
m§rc', vt. [a-merced'*; 
a-merc'ing.J To mulct; 
fine, -nient, n. - 

A-mer'I-ca, 1 s-mer'i-ke; 2 
a-meVi-ea, n. 1. Either 
of two continents forming 
the western hemisphere: 
(1) North A., area, 8,892,- 
000 sq. m. (2) South A., 
area, 6,800,000 sq. m. 2. 
A national anthem of the 
United States, written by Dr. Samuel 
F. 8mith to the air of "God Save the 

A-merT-ean, 1 e-merVken; 2 a-meVi-ean. 
• I. a. Pertaining to America, or to the 
United States. II. n. 1. A citizen of the 
United States. 2. An inhabitant of 
America.— A-mert-can-ism, n. 1. A word, 
phrase, custom, etc., peculiar to the people 
of the United States. 2. American citizen- 
ship; devotion to America.— A-merT-can- 
Ise or -tee, vt. 

am'e-thyst, l am'i-thist; 2 am'e-thyst, n. 
Quarts of a clear purple or violet color; 
also, the color.— am'e-thys' tin (e 8 , a. 

a'ml-a-bl(e p , 1 e'nu-e-bl; 2 a'mi-a-bl, o. 
Pleasing in disposition; kind-hearted; 
friendly.— a^ml-a-bin-ty, n. Sweetness 
of disposition; lovablenees. a'ml-s»bl(e- 

'i-ea-bl, a. 

P J.— a'ml-a-bly, adv. 
ea-bl(e*, lam'i-k&-bl; 2 am 



Friendly; peaceable.— am"l-ca- Mil- ty, 
aml-ea-bl (e-ness p , n. The quality of being 
amicable — am'i-ca-bly, adv. 

am'lce, 1 am'is; 2 am'ic, n. Eccl. A 
vestment, as an embroidered collar and 
hood of fine white linen. 

a-mld', 1 e-mid'; 2 a-mld', prep. In the 
midst of; among. a-mldst'i. 

a-mld 'ships, l a-mid'sTups; 2 a-mld'shlps, 
adv. Half-way between stem and stern. 

a-mlss', 1 s-mis'; 2 a-mls'. I. a. Out of 
order; unsuitable; wrong; improper. II. 
adv. Improperly; erroneously. 

am'l-ty, 1 am'i-ta; 2 am'i-ty, n. Peace- 
ful relations; mutual good will; friend- 

am'me-ter, 1 am'i-ter; 2 am'e-ter, n. 
An instrument showing by direct reading 
the number of amperes of current passing 
through a circuit. am'pere«me"tert. 

am-mo'nl-a, I a-mS'm-e; 2 a-m6'ni-a, n. 
A pungent gas; also, a solution of this gas 
in water, called spirits of hartshorn, 
aqua ammonia, etc.— am"mo-nl'a-cal, 1 
am'o-nai'#-kdl; 2 am'o-nTa-cal, a. am-mo'- 

am"ma-nrtloTi, 1 am'yu-nisVan; 2 am"- 
yu-nfeh'on, n. Powder, shot, etc., for 
firearms; resources for conflict. 

am'nes-ty, 1 am'nes-ti; 2 am'nes-ty, n. 
[-ties", pi.] A general act of pardon of 
offenses against a government. 

a-mcet»a. etc. See ameba, etc. 

a-mong', 11 e-murj', e-murjst'; 2 a- 

a-mongst',j mdng', a-mdngst', prep. In 
or into the midst of; mingled with; in 
the country or time of. 

am'o-rous, 1 am'o-rus; 2 am'o-rfis. a. 
Pertaining to sexual love, or influenced by 
it: ardent in affection: enamored. -ly 9 adv. 
-ness. n. 

a-momhous, > 1 a-mer'f us; 2 a-mdr'f tSs, a. 

a-mor / fous p , /Formless; uncrystallised. 
-Iy, adv. -ness* n. 

a-mount', 1 e-maunt'; 2 a-mount'. I d . 
vi. To reach in the aggregate; be equiv- 
alent: with to. II. n. A sum total; 
aggregate result. 

am-pere', 1 am-plr'; 2 &m-per', n. Elec. 
The practical unit of electrio-purrent 
strength, such as would be given with an 
electromotive force of one volt through a 
wire having a resistance of one ohm (see 
ohm ; volt) .— am-per / age, n . The strength 
of a current in amperes.— am'pere»me' r t«r > ' 
n. See ammeter. 

am-pbjbl-ous, ) 1 am-fib'i-us; 2 am-flb'i- 

am-flb 1-ous*, J us, a. Living both on land 
and in water, as a frog, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
— am-phlbl-an, n. An amphibious animal. 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; era = out; oil; iO = f«ud; *hin; go; g=sfn?; thin, this. 
S: wolf.dg; book, bdot; f?ll, rflle, cflre, bii^burn; dll, boy; fo, (em; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


u oojeci worn as a cnarm against evil. 
se\ 1 e-miuz'; 2 a-mfis', t*. [a- 
ed' ; a-mus'inq.] 1. To occupy pleas- 
jr; divert; entertain. 2. To excite to 

am"phi-tbe'a-ter, ) 1 am'fi-flirVtsr; 2 
am'phi-tne'a-tre, V&m'fi-the'a-ter, n. An 
am"fl-tbe'a-terp, I oval edifice having 

rows of seats which slope upward from an 

enclosed arena. 
am'pl(e p , 1 am 'pi; 2 am'pl, a. Spacious; 

large; complete; abundant.— am'pl (e-ness*, 

n.— am'plMy, vt. & vi. [-fibd; -ft'ing.1 To 

enlarge; expand; expatiate.- am^pll-fl-ca'- 

tlon, n.— am'plf-tude, n. largeness; scope; 

fulness.- am'ply, adv. Largely; liberally; 

am'pu-tate, 1 am'piu-t§t; 2 am'pQ-tat, 

vt. [-tat"ed<1; -tat'ing.] To cut off, as 

a limb.— am'pu-ta'tlon, n. 
am'u-let, 1 am'yu-let; 2 am'yu-l£t, n. A 

small object worn as a charm against evil. 
a-muse' " 



mirth.— a-muse'ment, n. Diversion; recrea- 
tion; an entertainment.— a-mus'Lng-ly, adv. 

an, 1 an; 2 an, indef. art. or adjective. One, 
or any: used for the article a before words 
beginning with a vowel sound. 

-an, suffix (often with euphonic -«-). Per- 
taining to: used in nouns or adjectives denot- 
ing country* origin, race, etc. ; as, Italian, am- 

an 'a-, prefix. Up; back; again; anew: some- 
times - re-; as, anabaptlsm, rebaptlsm. 

•ana, suffix (often with euphonic -{-). Pertain- 
ing to: connected with (a certain notable sub- 
ject, person, place, etc.) ; as, Johnsonlana, etc. 

a-nacn'ro-nlsm, 1 e-nak'ro-niam; 2 a- 
nae'ro-nfsm, n. A confusion of dates; 
something out of time.— a-nach'ro-nls'- 
tlc, a. 

an"a-con'da, 1 anVken'do; 2 an'a- 
«5n'da, n. A large tropical serpent that 
crushes its prey; a boa or python. 

a-nartnl-a, an"ses-the / sl-a > etc. Sea ane- 
mia, etc. * 

an'a-gram, 1 an's-gram: 2 an'a-gram, n. 
A word or phrase formed from another by 
transposing letters. — an " a - gram - maf- 
ic, -I-cal, a. 

a-nal'o-gy, 1 e-nal'o-ji; 2 a-nal'0-gy, n. 
[-GIES*, pi.] Resemblance of relations; 
similarity without identity.— an'a-log'I-cal, 
a. Figurative. an"a»log'ic$.— an'a-log'l- 
eal-ly, adv.- a-nal'o-gous, a. Resembling 
in certain respects.— an'a-Iog, l an's-leg; 2 
an'a-i6g, n. Anything analogous to some- 
thing else, an'a-logne*. 

a-nal'y-sl*, 1 e-nal'i-eis; 2 a-naTy-sk, n. 
[-SESf , pi A The resolution of a compound 
into its elements; also, a logical synopsis. 
— an'a-lytfle, a. Pertaining to or pro- 
ceeding by analysis. an"a-lyf I-calJ.- 
an"a-lyt1-eal-ly, adv. j 





2 an'a-Hla, vt. 


To make an analysis of; ex- 
amine minutely or critically.— an'a-lyst, %. 
One who analyses; an expert in analysis. 

an'ar-chy, 1 an'ar-ki; 2 an'ar-cy, n. Ab- 
sence or disregard of government; lawless- 
ness.— an-ar'chlc, a. Without or opposed to 
government; lawless, an-ar'chi-raFj.- aa'- 
* r cn-lsm,n. Opposition to all government. 
— an'areh-Ist, n. An opponent of all gov- 
ernment.- an'arch-ls'tlc, a. 

a-nath/e-ma, 1 a-na£h'i-me: 2 a-nftth'e- 
ma, n. [-mas or an"a-them'a-ta, pi.] A 
formal ecclesiastical curse; also, a person 
or thing anathematized.— a-natb/e-ma-tixe 
or -tlse, vt. & vt. To pronounce an anathema 
against; utter anathemas. 

a-nat'o-my, 1 e-nat'o-mi; 2 a-nat'o-my, n. 
1-mies", pi.] 1. The science of the struc- 
ture of organisms, as of the human body. 
2. Dissection; a corpse or skeleton; an ema- 
ciated person.— an"a-tom'l-cal, a. Pertain- 
ing to anatomy, an'a-tomlc*. -1-eal-Iy, 
adv.— a-nat'o-mlst, n. One skilled in 
anatomy.— an-at'o-mlse, vt. [-mized; -miz*- 
inq.1 To dissect; analyze, -misej. 

-ance, suffix. Forming from adjectives in 
-ate* and also directly from verbs, nouns de- 
noting action, quality, or state; as, abun- 
dance, forbearance. 

an'ces-tor, 1 an'ses-tsr or -tor; 2 an'ces-tor, 
n. A forefather.— an-ces'tral, a. Of, pertain- 
ing to, or inherited from an ancestor.— an'- 
ces-tress, n. A female ancestor.— an'ces- 
try, n. [-tries*, pi.] 1. One's ancestors col- 
lectively. 2. Descent; noble or worthy lineage. 
l'chor, ) 1 an'ker; 2 an'cor. 1. vt. & vi. 


an leer*, / To secure by 
an anchor; come to 
anchor; lie at anchor; 
fix; fasten. II. n. An 
implement for holding 
a vessel to the bottom 
by means of a con- 
necting cable. 

an 'chor - age, 11 an'- -_ 

an leer-age', jker-ij;^ 
2 an'eor-ag, n. 1. A 
place for anchoring. 4 . 

2. A coming to or ly- /^?°, r - 

ingat anchor, /./.fluke.. 

an'cno-ret, 1 an'ko-ret; 2 an'eo-re't, n. A 
recluse; hermit, an'cho-ritej. 

an-cho'vy, 1 an-<fh5'vi; 2 an-ch5'vy, n. 
[-vies*, pi] A very small, herring-like fish. 

an'cient, 1 en'slient; 2 an'chent, a. Be- 
longing to remote antiquity; of great age; 
very old.— an'elent-lr, adv. [times. 

an'cient 1 , n. One who lived in ancient 

an'dent»| , n. A flag* or a standard-bearer. 

1: artistic art; fat, fire; fast; get, pr€y ; hit, police; obey, go; net,*r; full, rale; hot, bflrn. 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 



an'cJUa-ry, 1 an'«-lft-n; 2 an'c>la-ry, a. 

Secondary; subsidiary. 
and, 1 and; 2 and, conj. A particle de- 
noting addition: used as a connective. 
an-dan'te, 1 on-dOn'te or an-dan'ti; 2 

an-dan'te. or an-dan'te, a. & adv. Mas. 

Rather slow, between adagio and allegretto. 
an'dan-tt'no, 1 dn'don-trno; 2 an"dan-<S'no, 

a. A adv. Mm. Slower than andante. 
andWron, 1 and'oi'ern ; 2 and'Pern. n. A 

metallic support for wood 

in an open fireplace. 
•ane, suffix. Same as -an: 

where, however, both forms 

exist, it is with a difference 

In meaning, as in human, 

an'ec-dote, 1 an'ek-dot; 

2 an'fee- 'fit. n. A short 

story. - an"ec-doflc, a. 
to anecdotes. 

a-nse'mi-a, j a-ng'mi-a, n, 

v biood; Uoodlessness.— a-ne'mle or a-nay- 

mle, a. 
an"e-mom'e-ter, 1 anVmem'i-tar: 2 an»0- 

mdm'e-ter. An instrument for measuring 

the force or velocity of wind.— an"e*mo- 

met'rlc, a. -ri-calt* 
a-nem'o-ne, 1 a-nem'o-ni; 2 a-n&n'o-ne, 

n. A plant of the 

crowfoot family; a 

•n'e-rold, 1 an'i-reid; 

2 an'e-roid. 1» a. 

Not employing a 

fluid. II* n. An 

aneroid barometer or 

battery.— aneroid 

barometer, an instrument 

showing atmospheric pres- 
sure by the movements of the 

elastic top of a metallic bo from 

which the air has been ex- i 

an"es-the'sf-a, 11 an'ea-tlil'- 
an"a*s-the'si-a, j si-e or -a-s; 

2 an'ea-thS'sl-a or -ahl-a, a. Insensibility 

to pain. an'aBS-the'slst.— an'es-tbct'Ic 

or an'aat-tbetlc, 1 an^ee-thet'ik; 2an"es- 

thetle. L a. Pertaining to or producing 

insensibility. II* n. Anything that pro- 
duces anesthesia, as ether. 
an'ea-rism, 11 an'yu-rism; 2 an'yu-rism, 
an'eu-rygm, fn. A tumor formed t>y 

dilatation oi the coats of an artery. 
i-MW^ 1 a-aiu' ; 2 a-ntt', 'adv. Once more ; 

an'gel, 1 en'jel; 2 an'gel L a. Angelic. 

II. n. 1. A spiritual being, especially 

one of celestial purity. 2. A former 
English gold coin.— an-gellc, l an-Jel'ik; 
2 an-gelle, a. Of or like angels; celestial; 
pure; beautiful; saintly, an-gell-cal?. — 
an-gel'1-eal-ly, ado. 

an'ge-Ius, 1 an'ji-lus; 2 an'ge-lus, n. R. 
C. Ch. A prayer commemorating the 
Annunciation; also, a bell rung at morn- 
ing, noon, and night, calling the faithful to 
recite it: commemorated in a famous 
painting by Millet, called The Angelas. 

an'ger, 1 ar/ger; 2 an'ger. I. vt. To pro- 
voke; irritate. II. n. Sudden and 
strong displeasure; wrath; ire. 

an'gi-na, 1 an'ji-ne or an-joi'ne; 2 an'gi-na 
or an-gf'na, n. An inflammatory disease 
of the throat.— an'gi-na pec'to-ris, neu- 
ralgia of the heart. 

an'gl(e*, 1 an'gl; 2 an'gl, vt. & vi. [an'- 
gl(e)d*; aj/gling.] 

To fish with rod, 
hook, and line: with 
for.— an'gJer, n.— » 
an'gllng, ». Fish- V. 
lng with rod, hook, ^s 

and line. A- 

an'gle>,n. The fig- . ~ 

ure, concept, or Angles, 

relation of two straight lines emanating 
from one point; a corner; point; inclina- 
tion. See illus. 

an'gte*, n. A fish-hook; fishing-tackle; a 
fishing with hook and line. 

An'gil-can, 1 ao'gli-ken; 2 ao'811-ean. I. a. 
1. Pertaining to the Church of England or 
the chinches derived from it, or the High* 
Church party, t. Pertaining to England; 
English. II. n. A member of the Church 
of England or of the Higb-Cburch party.— 
An'gtt-can-lsm, n. 1. The spirit and prac- 
tise of the Church of England, or of the High* 
Chuvtfa party. 3. Attachment to the Church 
of England, or to England and its institutions. 

An'gll-ce, 1 ar/gh-si; 2 an'gli-ce, adv. In 
English; according to the usage of the 
English language. 

An'gU-dxeTTl an'gh-eois; 2 an'gli-cls. vt. 

An'gU-clse,/ <fe vt. To give an English 
form, style, or idiom to; make or become 
like the English.— An'gtt-dsm, n. 

An'gto-. The combining form for English, 
England.— An*glo-ma'nl-a, n. Fondness 
for England and things English.— An"gk>- 
pbVbft-a, n. Hatred of England or things 
English.— An"glo*Sai'on, n. 1. One of 
the Anglo-Saxons or their race or language. 
*. pi. The mixed tribes, chiefly of Angles 
' and Saxons, who conquered Britain in the 
5th and Immediately following centuries: 
often applied to the entire English race, with 
its various branches.— An*gIo*Sax'on, a. 

1: as final; i m habit; aisle; «a»o«t; all; to = feud; dhin; go; o«t!*?; thin, this. 
fc wotf,d ft ; btfck, btfot; full, rule, cflre, bit, barn; Ml, My; fo, fern; ink; thin. this. 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


an'gry, 1 ar/gn; 2 an'gry, «• [an'obi-eb; 
an'gri-est.] Moved with anger; indig- 
nant; Inflamed.— an'grf-Iy, adv.— an'gri- 
ness, n. 

an'gulsn, 1 arj'gwisli; 2 an'gwish, n. Ex- 
cruciating pain; agony; torture. 

an'gu-lar, 1 an'giu-ler; 2 an'gu-lar, a. 
Having or pertaining to an angle or an- 
gles: sharp - cornered; pointed. — an"gu- 
larl-ty, n. [-rn»», pi.] The state or con- 
dition of being angular, an'gu-lar-ness:. 

— an'gu-lar-ly, adv. 

an'll, 1 an'il; 2 an'il, n. A West-Indian In- 
digo-plant; the dye indigo. 

an 'lie, 1 an'il or -aii; 2 an'il or -II, a. 
Like an old woman; feeble-minded.— a-nlT- 
I-ty, n. 

an'i-lin, 11 an'i-lin; 2 an'i-Kn, n. A 

an '1-llne, /colorless oily compound, the 
base of many coal-tar dyes. 

an"l-mad^vert' d » 1 an"i-mad-vurt'; 2 an'i- 
mad-vfcrt', vi. To criticize or censure: 
followed by upon.— an"l-mad-ver'*lon, n. 
Criticism or censure. 

an'i-mal, 1 an'i-mal; 2 an'i-mal. I. a. 
Pertaining to an animal or animals. II. 
n. 1, A sentient living organism other 
than a plant. 2* A sentient creature 
other than a human being; a brute.— anl- 
mal-lsm, n. The state of being a mere 

anl-mal'eii-la, it. Plural of animalculttm. 

an'1-mal'cule, 1 anVmai'kial; 2 an"i- 
mal'eul, n, [-cules", pi.] A microscopic 
animal. an"l-mal'cu-liim$.— an^mal'- 
eu-Iar, a. Pertaining to or like animal- 

an'1-mate, 1 an'i-mgt^ 2 an'i-mat. I. vt. 
[-MAT*ED d ; -mat'ing.] To make alive; 
arouse; enliven; inspire. II. a. Pos- 
sessing animal life; living; lively. an'I- 
mafed?. — an"l-ma't!on, n. T1H act of 
imparting or the state of possessing life; live- 
liness; vivacity. 

a"nl-ma'to, l a'nl-mfl'to; 2 fi'nl-ma'to, adv. 
Mus. With animation. 

an'I-mlsm, 1 an'i-mizm; 2 an'i-mfsm, n.i 
1* Belief in spiritual existence, as the 
soul of man or the world-soul of Greek 
philosophy. 2. A widely prevalent form of 
polytheism, which attributes a soul to the 
lower animals, to inanimate objects, and 
to natural phenomena, as winds, storms, 
etc.— anl-mist, n. A believer in animism. 

— anf-mls'tic, a. 
an"l-mos'l-ty, 1 anVmes'i-ti; 2 an'i- 

mos'i-ty, n. [-ties", pi.] Active enmity; 
hatred; ill will. 

an't-mus, 1 an'i-mus; 2 an'i-mus, n. The ani- 
mating thought; spirit; intention; temper. 

an'ls(e B , 1 an'is; 2 an'is, n. A small 


North-African plant.— ant-seed", n. The 
fragrant, warm-tasting seed of the anise- 

an'kKer, 1 ar/kl; 2 
an'kl, n. The joint 
connecting the foot 
and the leg.— anldet, 
n. A band for the ankle, j* 

an'nals, 1 an'slz; 2 an'- 
als., n. pL • A record , 
of events in the order 
of time. — an'nal-lst, 
n. A writer of annals. 

an-neal', 1 a-nli'; 2 
a-nel', vt. To render 
soft and tough by 
heating and then 
slowly cooling. 

an-nex't, 1 a-neks'; 2 
&-neks\ vt. To add 
or affix; Join; unite; 
attach.— an-nex', n. An addition; appendix: 
addendum.— an"nex-a'tion, n. The act of 
annexing; an addition. 

an-nl'hl-late, 1 a-nailn-let; 2 a-nlTu-lat, 
vt. f-LAT'EDd; -lat'ing.] To reduce to 
nothing; destroy.— aB-nl"hl-la'tlon f n. 
An annihilating; destruction. 

an"nl-ver'sa-ry« 1 an'i-vur'se-n; 2 an'i- 
vSr'sa-ry. I. a. Recurring annually. 
II. n. [-RIES*, pi.] A day on which some 
special event is annually celebrated, as a 

an 'no Dom'l-nl, 1 an'o dom'i-nai. or -nl; 
2 &n'o dftm'i-nl or -nl. In the year of our 
Lord, t. «., of the Christian era: abbre- 
viated A. Z>. 

an 'no- ta to, 1 an'o-tet; 2 an'o-tftt, vt. & vi. 
[-TAT*ED d ; -tat'inq.] To make critical 
notes (on or upon) .— an" no- ta 'tion, n. The 
act of annotating; a note.— an'no-ta"tor, 
n. A commentator. 

an-nounce', 1 a-nauns'; 2 &-nounc', vt. 
[an-nounced'*; an-nounc'ing.] To give 
intelligence of; proclaim; declare. — an- 
nounce'ment, n. The act of announcing; 

,n-noy'» 1 


trouble; worry; bother; irritate.— an- 
noy'ance, n. The act of annoying or that 
which annoys; the state of being annoyed. 

— an-noy'lng-ly, adv. 

an'nu-al, 1 an'yu-el; 2 an'yu-al. I. o. 
Returning every year; pertaining to the 
year; lasting only one year. II. n. 1. 
A book or pamphlet issued once a year. 
J8. A plant living but for a single year. 

— an'nu-al-ly, adv. Year by year; yearly. 
an-ml'i-ty, 1 a-niQ'i-ti; 2 a-nu'i-ty, n. 

[-ties 1 , pi.] An annual allowance or in- 

8: Jlrt^ape^fatjfarcf Ast^wha^gU; m4,g*t,prgy,fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; i=S; go,ndt,ftr, wan, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


an-nnl', 1 a-nul'; 2 a-nuT, vt. [an- 
nulled', an-nuld«; an-nul'ling.] To 
render or declare void; nullify; abolish.— 
an-nnl'ment, n. 

an'nu-lar, 1 an'yu-ler; 2 an'yu-lar, a. Of 
or like a ring; ring-shaped; marked with 

an'nn-lato, l an'yu-iet; 2 an'yu-lllt, a. Hav- 
ing rings; ringe d an'nn-lat*cd | » 

an-nun'cl-ate, ) 1 a-nun'sni[or -«-Kt; 2 

an-nun'tl-ate, / a-nun'-shi[or -ci-]-at, rf. 
[-AT"BD d ; -at'ing.1 To make known; an- 
nounce.— an-nun"eJ-a'tIon, n. 1. The act 
of announcing; a proclamation, 2. [A-]The 
festival (March 25) commemorating the an- 
nouncement by the angel to the Virgin (Luke 
1, 28-38) .— an-nun'el-a"tor, n. That which 
announces; an Instrument showing a number 
or name when a bell Is rung. 

an 'ode, 1 an'dd; 2 an'od, n. The positive 
voltaic pole: opposed to cathode. 

an'o-dyne, 1 an 7 o-dain; 2 an'o-dyn. t, o. 
Allaying pain; soothing. IL n. Any- 
thing that relieves pain, calms, or soothes; 
an opiate. 

a-nolnt'd, 1 e-neint'; 2 a-n5int', tf. To put 
oil upon, as for consecration; consecrate. 

a-nom'a-loiis, 1 e-nem'e-lus; 2 a-nfim'a- 
lus, o. Deviating from rule; irregular; ab- 
normal.— a-nom'a-lous-ly. adv.— a-nom'- 
a-ly, 1 e-nom's-u; 2 a-nftm'a-ly, n. [-libs», 
jtf.l Irregularity; anything abnormal. 

ft-nont, 1 e-nen'; 2 a-n5n', odr. 1. In a 
little while; presently. 2. At another 
time; again. h/moue. 

a-non* 1 . a common abbreviation of arnrn- 

a-non'y-moug, 1 e-nen'i-mus; 2 a-non'y- 
raos, a. Bearing no name; not known by 
name. -Ijr, odr. -ness, n. 

an-oth'er. 1 an-uth'sr; 2 an-oth'Sr, a. & 
pron. Not the same; distinct; different; 
one more. 

an'swer, 1 on'ser; 2 an'ser, o. I. L 1. 
To speak or act in response to; acknowl- 
edge; reply; especially, to reply favorably; 
retaliate; controvert; solve, as a riddle. 
2. To be sufficient for; correspond to; 
atone for; expiate. IL i. 1. To reply 
or respond; correspond; be sufficient. 2. 
To be responsible; atone. 

an'swer, n. A reply or response; refutation; 
retaliation; solution. — an '*wer-a-bl(e*, l 
-s-bl; 2 -a-bl, a. Responsible; amenable; 
corresponding; adequate; suitable. 

ant, 1 ant; 2 ant, n. A small insect; an 

ant-, prefix. Against. See anti-. 

■aat,«*01s. 1. In the act or process of doing; 
as, militant, litigant, etc. 2. One who does; 
as, servant, one who serves. 


an-tag'o-nlie, ) 1 an-tag'o-nais; 2 an-t&g'- 

an-tag'o-nlge,/o-nl2, «t. & n. [-nized, 
-nised; -niz'inq, -nis'ino.] To oppose; 
contend with; counteract; neutralize; 
check; act In antagonism.— an-tag'o-nlsm, 
1 -nlzm; 2 -nfem, n. Opposition; hostility.— 
an-tag'o-nlst. n. An adversary: opponent. 
-an-tag^o-nlg'tlc, a. Opposed; hostile. 
-l-caMy, adv. 

ant-arc 'He, 1 ant-ork'tik; 2 ant-are'tie, a. 
Pertaining to or designating the south 
pole or the regions near It.— antarctic cir- 
cle, an Imaginary circle of the earth parallel 
to the equator, and distant from the south 
pole 23° 28'.- Antarctic ocean, the ocean 
surrounding the south pole, within the ant- 
arctic circle. 

an'to-, prefix. Before, In time, order, or posi- 
tion; as, anfechrlstlan, antenatal. Compare 

ant'raf er, I [tnt'4t*er; 3 ant^fer, n, 
A mammal that ti~i _ 

fo'L'lls OQ :lT.1>. 

aii"tf-rv'df*nt» 1 
&n*ti-Bf 'dent; 2 
ao'te-pTdSat. I. 
a. Quids before; 

Preceding. II* 
. One who or 

thM V. ftirSp-ijL-a 

before. 3. The 

noun to which a relative pronoun refers. 

3. pE, The previous history of a person 

or thidg. »ly» ado,— an*te-re'dence, n. 

The fact or state of being antecedent. 
aD f t?-ctiam' r b«r, 1 an'ti-tyh*in"bar; 2 

&n'u>cham'bijr, n. A room serving as an* 

entranceway to another apartment. 
an'te-date, 1 an'ti-det; 2 an'te-dat, vt. 

[-dat/edO; -dat'ing.J To date back ; pre- 

% --. 2 

!• a. Earlier than the 


cede in time. 
to of l u'vl-an, 1 anti-di-HQ'vi-en; 


an"i ._ __, 


flood; antiquated. 

primitive. IL n. One 

that lived before the t 

flood; an old or old* 

fashioned person. 
an'te-lope, 1 an'ti-l6p; a 

2 an'te-lfip, n, AV^, 

deer-like animal, in- Antelope. Vu 

termediate between cattle and goats, aa 

the gasel, etc 
an'te-me-rldl-an, 1 an'U-mi-rid'i-en; 2 

&n"te-me-rld'i-an, a. Before noon. 
an'te-mun'dane, 1 an'ti-mun'den; 2 

ante-mun'd&n, a. Preceding the world's 

creation. [a. Preceding birth. 

an'te-na'tal, 1 an'ti-nfi'tel; 2 an'te-na'tal, 
an-ten'na, 1 an-ten's; 2 an-ten'a, n. 

1: » « final; inhabit; edsle; on as out; oil; Ms feud; 4hin; go; rj = sinp; Chin, this. 
* Wfltdft; Wok, Mot; foil, rule, core, but, barn; 611, boy; to, fern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


[-na, 1 -f ; 2 -6, pi] One of the feelers 
of an insect. 

ftn-te'rf-or, 1 an-tt'n-er; 2 an-te'ri-or, a. 
1. Antecedent; prior; earlier. 2. Farther 
front; situated at the front. 

an'te-roora", 1 an'ti-rOm'; 2 an'te-r$om\ 
n. Waiting-room; antechamber. 

an 'them, 1 an'ihem ; 2 an'them, n. A joy- 
ous or triumphal song or hymn. 

an'ther, 1 an'Cher; 2 an'ther, n. Bot. 
The pollen-bearing part of a stamen. 

•n-thol'o-cy, 1 an-thel'o-ji; 2 an-th61'o-£y, 
n. [-OIE8 1 , pi.] A collection of choice 
literary extracts. 

an'thra-clte, 1 an'thre-soit; 2 an'thra-clt, 
n. Mineral coal of nearly pure carbon; 
hard coal. 

antbro-pold, 1 an'Oiro-peid; 2 an'thro- 
poid. I. a. Somewhat like a human be- 
ing in form; manlike. II. n. An anthro- 
poid ape. 

ftn"thn>-pol'o-gy, 1 an'thro-pel'o-ji; 2 
an"thro-pol'o-gy, n. [-oxes*, pi.] The 
science of man.— annhro-po-log'l-cal, a. 
Pertaining to anthropology or to man. an"- 
throHNHlegle$.-,aB^thro-poro-gitt v n. 
A student of anthropology. 

an'tl-, prefix. Against; opposed to; opposite 
to; corresponding to; In return for; Instead 
of; as, anfiohristian. 

•n'tte, I an'ttk; 2 an'tie. I. a. Odd; fan- 
tastic; ludicrous. II* n. A prank; caper; 
clown: buffoon. 

An'ti-christ, 1 an'ti-kraist; 2 an'ti-crtrt, n. 
An enemy of Christ; a false Christ.— 
aa'ti-cnris'tlan, a. An. 

•n-ttc'i-pate, 1 an-tis'i-pet; 2 an-tic'i-pat, 
vt. A w. [-pat "and; -pat'ino.) 1. To 
look forward to; foresee; expect; cherish 
expectation. 2. To act sooner than; fore- 
stall; prevent; fulfil beforehand; foYetaste. 
— an-tfc"l-pa'<-tloii, n. The act of anticipat- 
ing: prevision; foretaste; expectation.— an- 
tlcf-pa-to-ry, a. Marked by anticipa- 

an'tl-cll'max, 1 an'ti-kloi'maks; 2 an'ti- 
elfmaks, n. A sudden descent or fall: 
the opposite of climax. 

an'tl-dote, 1 an'ti-d5t; 2 an'ti-ddt, n. 
Anything having power to counteract the 
effects of poison or of any evil.— an'tt-do"- 
tal, a. Of, like, or pertaining to an antidote 
or antidotes. 

an'ti-mo-ny, 1 an'ta-mo-ni; 2 an'ti-mo-ny, 
n. A silver-white, hard, crystalline, me- 
tallic element.— an*tt-mo>nl-aI, 1 anti- 
mo'ni-al; 2 ant»-mo'nl-al, a. Of or con- 
taining antimony. 

an-tlp'a-thy, 1 an-tip'e-fln; 2 an-tlp'a-thy, 
n. [-thibs', pi.] An instinctive aversion, 


or that which excites it-aftf-pa-thefte, 
c. Having antipathy; naturally repugnant. 

an-tip'o-de*, 1 an-tip'o-dls; 2 fin-tlp'o-deg, 
n. ring.&pl A place or people on the 
opposite side of the earth; the opposite 
extreme.— an-ttp'o-dal, i an-tip'o-dal; 2 
an-tip'o-dal, a. Pertaining to the antipodes; 
diametrically opposed.— antl-pede, 1 an'tf 
p5d; 2 antt-pM, a. 1. An exact opposite. 
t. One of the antipodes. 

an'ti-qua-ry, l an'U-kwe-n; 2 an'ti-kwa- 
ry, n. [-ries*, pL] One who collects, ex- 
amines, or deals in ancient objects, as 
mtns, etc — an*tf-qna'rt-an. L a. Pertaln- 
Jiur to antiquity or antiquities. IL tt. An 
antiquary, -Ism, a. 

au'll-quate, 1 sn'ti-kw«t; 2 an'ti-kwat, vt. 
I-qu \T*; -gvAT'iNf.P.1 To make old or 
obsole le — an 'ti-qua fed, pa. Out of date; 
oicWusMoDetL; obsolete,; ancient; superannu- 

»n-tique'» 1 au-tilc'; 2 on^tlk'. I. o. An- 
cientialafitDrinHtylc. II. n. The style 
of ancient art, or some specimen of it; an- 

an-tlq'ul-ty, 1 an-rik'wi-ti; 2 an-ttk'wi-ty, 
n. [-ties*. pL\ The state or quality of 
being ancient; ancient times; an ancient 

an"U-sep'tlc 1 anti-eep'tik; 2 an'ti-eep'- 
tie. L o. Preventing putrefaction, etc. 
-f-calj. IL n. Anything having anti- 
septic qualities.— aatl-sep'sls, n. The ex- 
clusion, as from wounds, of germs that cause 
Infection, blood 'poisoning, etc., or the sys- 
tem of surgery by which this Is done. 

an-tlth'e-sls, 1 an-tifh'i-sis; 2 an-tlth'e- 
sls, n. [-8BS, 1 -sis; 2 -e§e, pi.] 1. Op- 
position of words or ideas. 2. The con- 
trary; a contrast.— an'tt-thetl-cal, 1 an"- 
ti-fhefi-kM; 2 antl-thet'1-eal, a. Directly 
opposcd;contrasted. anm-thetlcj. -Ideal- 
ly, adv. 

an*tft-tox1n, 1 anti-teks'in; 2 fin'tl-tdks'ln, 
a. A substsnce formed in the body which 
neutralises the poisonous products of mi- 

an'tt-type, 1 an'ti-taip; 2 an'ti-typ, n. 
That which a type prefigures.— an^U-typl- 

antler, 1 antler; 2 antler, n. A decidu- 
ous bony outgrowth or horn o n the he ad 
of a deer. 

an'to-nym, 1 an'to-nirn; 2 ' 
an'to-nj^m, n. A word di- 
rectly opposed to another* 

m meaning. 


an'vfl, 1 an'vil; 2 an'vil, n. A heavy 
block of iron or steel on which metal 
may be forged. 

anxious, 1 ank'snus; 2 ank'shtis, a. 1. 


2: art,ape,£at^are,fa8t,what,aU; me,gCt,pity,fern;hit,Ioe;Ia0;i»e;g«,nAt,Ar,w<6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 

Mentally troubled or perplexed; also, 
eager; solicitous. 2. Worrying; distress- 
ing.— anx-l'e-ty, 1 ag-sai'Mi; 2 an-sl'e-ty, 
n. t-nsa*, pi.] Misgiving; solicitude; eager- 
neat — anx'tons-ly, adv.— anx'tous-ness, 
i». Anxiety. 
•n'y, 1 en'i; 2 en'y. I. a. 1. One; a; an; 
some. 2. Some of a number, class, or total. 
IL pron. One or more out of a number. 
Ill* adv. Somewhat; in the least; at all. 

— an'y-bod'y, l en'i-bed'i; 2 en'y-bod'y, 
pron. Any person whatever.— an 'y-how*, 
1 en'i-hau"; 2 en'y-how", ado. In any way 
whatever; by any means; however; not- 
withstanding.— an' y-thing, 1 en'i-fbin; 2 
en'y-tblng, pron. A thing of any sort; Some- 
thing or other.— an 'y- way, 1 en'i-w6; 2 
en'y-wa, adv. t. No matter what happens; 
in any event. 2. At all events; anyhow. 
S. In any manner; to any degree or extent. 

— an 'y- where, l en'i-hwar; 2 en'y-hwer, 
adv. In or at any place whatever.— an 'y- 
wise, 1 enVwalz: 2 en'y-wlfc, adv. In any 
manner; to any degree. 

a-or'ta, 1 S-eVts: 2 a-or'ta, n. [-tm, 1 
-tl; 2 -t€, pi.] The great artery springing 
from the heart. 

;', 1 e-pes'; 2 a-pac', adv. Rapidly; 



•-part', 1 8-pdrt'; 2 a-p&rt', adv. Sepa- 
rately; aside; by itself; asunder. 

a-part 'me nt, 1 e-port'ment or -ment; 2 
a-p&rt'ment, n. A room or suite of 

ap'a-thy, 1 ap'a-£hi; 2 ap'a-thy, n. 
1-thies*, pi.] Lack of feeling; insensibil- 
ity; Indifference.— ap^a-thetlc, lap's- thet'- 
lk; 2 ap"a-tbet'ie, a. Without feeling; uncon- 
cerned; impassive. -1-calJ.— ap"a-thet1- 
eal-ly» adv. 

ape, 1 ep; 2 ftp. I. vt. [aped*; ap'inq.] 
To imitate absurdly; mimic. IL n. An 
Old World man-like monkey; also, any 
monkey; a mimic. 

a-pe'ri-ent, 1 e-pl'n-ent; 2 a-p6'ri-ent. I. 
a. Laxative. II. n. A gently purgative 

ap'er-ture, 1 ap'er-cTiur or -tiur; 2 fip'ftr- 
chur or -tur, n. An opening; onfioe; 
hole; cleft. 

a 'pex, 1 6'peks; 2 fi'peTcs, n. [a'pex-es. or 
ap'i-ces, 1 6'peks-ez or ap'i-sfz; 2 a'pelcs- 
fes. or ap'i-cea, pi.] The highest point; 
tip; top. 

a-nna'si-a, 1 e-fS'sa-e; 2 a-fa'shi-a, n. 
Loss of the power of speech, or of coherent 

a^BbeH-on, 1 s-flHi-en; 2 a-feli-on, n. 
f-u-A, 1 -h-e; 2 -Ji-a, pl.\ The point in an 
orbit, as of a planet, farthest from the sun. 


a'piils, 1 6'fis; 2 ft'fis, n. [aph'i-des, 1 
af'i-dls; 2 af'i-dee, pi.] A plant-louse. 

aph'o-rism, 1 afo-rizm: 2 af' o-rigm, n. A 
proverb; maxim.— aph'o-ris'tlc, a. -Il- 

Aph'ro-dl'te, n. See Vsnub. 

a 7 pl-a-ry, 1 S'pi-C-n; 2 a'pi-a-ry, n. [-ries 1 , 
pi.] A place where bees are kept; also, a 
set of hives, bees, and appliances.— a'pl- 
cnl'tare, ». Bee-keeping. 

a-piece', 1 e-pls'; 2 a-p€c'» adv. For each 
person or thing; to each one; each. 

A 'pis, l Cow; 2 a'pis, n. Myth. The sacred 
bull of ancient Egypt. 

ap'ish, 1 ep'isli; 2 ap'ish, a. Like an ape; 
servilely Imitative; foolish; tricky.— apfsh- 
ly, adv.— ap'Ish-ness, n. 

a'pftomb', 1 a'plon'; 2 fi'pldn', n. 1. As- 
surance; self •confidence; self-possession. 
2. Upright posture; erectness. 

a-poc'a-lyps(e*, 1 e-pekVlips; 2 a-p8e'a- 
lyps, n. 1* A revelation. 2. [A-J Reve- 
lations, the last book of the Bible.— a-poc"a- 
lyp'tic, a. a-poc"a-lyp'tl-calt. 

a-poc'o-pe, 1 a-pek'o-pi; 2 a-pdVo-pe, n. 
A cutting off of the last letter or syllable 
of a word. s 

A-poc'ry-pha, ) I e-pek'n-fa; 2 a-poe'ry- 

A-poc'ry-fa p , J fa, n. ting. A pi. Books of 
disputed authority, included by some in the 
Old Testament Scriptures.— A-pocty-pha!, 
a. 1. Pertaining to the Apocrypha. 2. (a-1 
Of doubtful authenticity; * spurious. 

ap'o-gee. 1 ap'o-jl; 2 ap'o-ge.n. That 
point of the moon's oi-bit farthest from the 

A-pol'lo, i e-pel'o; 2 a-pol'o, n. Myth. Son of 
Zeus (Jupiter) and Leto (Latona) ; god of the 
sun, divination, medicine, music, poetry, etc. 

a-pol'o-glse, -gise, 1 e-pel'o-jais; 2 a-pol'o- 
glz, t»ft [-qized; -giz'ing.1 To offer an 
apology or excuse, — a -pol' f o-get1c, 1 
8-pel'o-Jet'ik; 2 a-poro-get'le. I. a. Of the 
nature of an apology. a-pol"o-getfl-calt. 
II. n. An apology or defense.— a - pol'o- 
glst, n. One who argues in defense of any 
person or cause. (n. A fable* 

ap'o-log or -togne, 1 ap'o-leg; 2 ap'o-16g, 

a-pol'o-cy, 1 e-pel'o-ji; 2 a-pfil'o-gy, n. 
L-qies", pi.] 1. An acknowledgment of 
error; excuse. 2. A justification or de- 
fense: the original meaning. 8* A poor 

ap'e-phthegm, n. See afothbii . 

ap'o-plex-y, 1 ap'o-pleks-t; 2 ap'o-pwks-y, 
n. Sudden loss of sensation and motion; 
a stroke of paralysis.- ap' f o-plec / tlc. 1 ap # - 
o-plelr*tik; 2 ap"o-pleCtle, a. Pertaining to, 
affected with, or tending toward apoplexy. 

1: a-ftnal; I = habit; cdsle; ansovt; oil; l« = f«wd; rfhin; so; rj^sin^; fhln,! 
2: w^U.dg; b*Wc, MM; f^ll, mie, cftre, bdt,bftrn; 611, WSy; fo, ftem; ink; thin, this. 

2 Digitized by VjOOQLC 


a-port', 1 e-p5rt'; 2 a-p5rt', adv. On or 
toward the port side, or the left as one 
faces the bow. 

a-pos'ta-sy. 1 a-pes'te-si; 2 a-pos'ta-sy, n. 
1-eiES", p*.J Desertion of one's faith or 
principles.— a-pos'tate, 1 e-pes'tet; 2 a-poe / - 
tat. I. a. Guilty of apostasy; false. II. n. 
One who apostatises.— a-pos'ta-tlse, vl. 
1-tized; -tizInq.] To forsake one's faith or 

pos'tl(e p , 1 a-pesl; 2 a-posl, n. 1. One 
of the twelve chosen by Christ to pro- 
claim his gospel (Matt, x, 2-4). 2. Any 
zealous advocate of a cause.— a-poe'tl(e- 
shlp p , n. a-pos'to-late*. — ap"os-tol'lc, 
ap"os- toll-cal, 1 ap'es-tel'ik, -i-kdl; 2 
ap'os-toTie, -4-eal, a. 

a-pos'tro-phe 1 , 1 e-pes'tro-fi; 2 a-pos'- 
tro-fe, n. A symbol (') above the line, to 
mark omission. 

a-pos'tro-phe 5 , n. An address to an ab- 
sent person, an attribute, etc.— a-pos'tro- 
phlse, vt. & vt. To address by or In a rhe- 
torical apostrophe; utter an apostrophe. 

a-potta'e-ca-ry, 1 a-peih'i-ke-n; 2 a-poth'- 
e-ea-ry, n. [-mes», pi.) One who sells 
and compounds drugs; a druggist. 

ap'o-them, 1 ap'o-them; 2 ap'o-them, n. 
A terse, practical saying; a sententious 
maxim, ap'o-thegmt. 

ep"o-the'o-sls, 1 ap'o-£hI'o-eis; 2 ap'o- 
the'o-sls, n. (-8B8, pi. J Exaltation to di- 
vine honors; deification. 

ap-paT, )1 a-pel'; 2 a-paT, vt. (ap- 

ap-palT, J pall(e)d'"; ap-pal'linq.] To 
fill with horror; testify ; shock.— ap-p&T- 
Ung» pa. Causing or fitted to cause dis- 
may or terror; frightful. -ly, adv. 

ap"pa-ra'tus, 1 ap'e-re'tus or -rd'tus; 2 
ftp Vra'tus or -ra'tus, n. [-tub or (rarely) 
-tus-bs, pi.) A complex machine, or a 
set of tools, etc. > 

ap-par'el, 1 a-par'el; 2 a-paVel I. vt. 
f-ELED or -elled; -el-inq or -el-ling.] 
To clothe. IL n. Raiment; clothing. 

ap-par'ent, 1 a-p&Vent; 2 a-par'Snt, a. 1. 
Evident; obvious; visible. 2. Seeming; 
not necessarily real or true.— ap-par'ent- 

dD^pa-ri'tion, 1 apVrisn'en; 2 apVrfsb/- 
on, n. A specter; fantom. 

ap-peal', 1 a-pll'; 2 &-pel'. I. vt. & vi. 1. 
To beseech; entreat: awaken response or 
sympathy: followed by to. 2. To take (a 
tause) to a higher court. II* n. 1. An 
earnest request; entreaty. 2. A resort to 
a higher authority, as for sanction or aid. 
— ap-peal'a-bKe*, e.— ap-peal'lng, pa. 
Making, containing, or conveying an appeal; 
imploring, -ly, adv. 


P-yew ', 1 a-plr'; 2 a-p€r\ vi. 1. To come 
into view: become visible. 2. To seem, 
or seem likely. 
ap-pear'ance, 1 a-ph-'ens; 2 a-per'ang, n. 
An appearing; that which appears; as- 

Eect; semblance; indication; advent; pub- 

ap-pease', 1 a-plz'; 2 a-p€s/, vL [ap- 
peased'; ap-peas'ing.] To soothe; paci- 
fy; calm; still; allay. — ap-peas'a-bl(e p , a. 
— ap-peas'a-bly, adv. 

ap-peliant, 1 a-pel'ent; 2 a-pel'ant, n. 
One who appeals.— ap-pel late, l a-pel'6t; 
2 a-pel'at, a. Pertaining to or having Juris- 
diction of appeals. 

ap"pel-la'tlon, 1 apVlS'slien; 2 ap'e-lft'- 
shon, n. A name or title; the act of call- 
ing or naming.— ap-per*la-tlv(e*, la-pel' a- 
tiv; 2 ft-pel'a-tlv. I. a. Serving to desig- 
nate or name, as common nouns. II. n. A 
title; appellation; a common noun, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

ap-pend' d , 1 a-pend'; 2 &-pend'. vt. To 
add or attach (something subordinate).— 
ap-pen'dage, 1 a-pen'dij; 2 a-pen'dag, n. 
[ap-pen'daqes, pi.] A subordinate addition 
or adjunct. 

ap-pen'dl-ces, n. A plural of appendix. 

ap-pen"dl-ci'tis, 1 a-pen'di-soi'tis or-el'tre; 
2 a-pen'di-cl' tis or -cl'tis, n. Inflamma- 
tion of the vermiform appendix. 

ap-pen'dix, 1 a-pen'diks; 2 a-pen'diks, n. 
[-Dix-ES or -di-ces, 1 -sis; 2-c€g, pi.) 1. An 
addition or supplement, as at the end of 
a book. 2. A small intestinal organ called 
the vermiform appendix. 

ap"per^taln', 1 ap'er-ten'; 2 ap'er-tan', vi. 
To belong; relate: with to. 

ap'pe-tence, ) 1 ap'i-tens, -ten-si; 2 ap'e- 

ap'pe-ten-cy, J tenc, -ten-cy, n. [kten- 
ces 1 , -ten-cies 1 , pi.] Strong craving; ap- 
petite; propensity; affinity. 

ap'pe-tite, 1 ap'i-toit; 2 ap'e-ilt, n. A 
physical craving, as for food; a mental 
craving; longing.— ap'pe-tlxe, vt. [-tized; 
-nz Ing.1 To give an appetite.— ap'pe-tls"- 
er, n. Anything that excites appetite or 
gives relish.— ap'pe-tis"lng, pa. Giving 
relish; tempting. 

ap-plaud' d , 1 a-plod'; 2 a-plad', vt. & vi. 
To express approval, as by clapping the 
hands: commend; praise. — ap-plause\ 1 
a-pleV; 2 a-plaa*. i*. The act of applaud- 
ing; acclamation; > approval.— ap-plans'- 
lv(e», a. Expressing applause.— ap-plaas'- 
Me-ly 8 , adv. 

ap'ple, )1 ap'l: 2 apl, n. The fruit of a 

•P'I't ) tree ot the rose family, or the tree 
that bears it. — apple of the eye, the pupil 
of the eye; something precious. 

1: artistic, flit; fat, fire; fust; get, pi*y; hit, police; obey, gft; n«t,«r ; full, rttle; but, bOrn. 
t: art, ape, fi^fare^fAst^wha^alljme^ge^prej, fern; hft,Ice;I=e > ;i=e;go,not,6r,w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


ap-pli'ance, 1 a-ploi'ens; 2 a-pll'anc, n. 
The act of applying; a device; tool; in- 

ap"pll-€a'tlon, 1 apli-ke'sTian; 2 ap"ii-ca'- 
shon, n. 1. The act of applying; appro- 
priation. 2» That which is applied; a 
remedy. 3. A request. 4. Close and 
continuous attention.— ap"pll-ea-bll'i-ty, 
n. [-ties*, pi.] Suitability; fitness, ap'pll- 
ca-bi(e-nesg p $.— ap'pll-ca-bl(e p , l ap'U-ke- 
W; 2 apTl-ea-bl, a. That may be applied; 
suitable for application; relevant; fitting.— 
ap'pll-ca-bly, adv.— ap'pli-cant, n. One 
who applies; a candidate. 

ap"pli-<|tie', 1 ap"b>k§'; 2 apli-ke/. I. a. 
Applied; laid on. II. n. Any ornament 
cut out and applied to another surface in 
cloth, wood, or metal; also, the article so 

ap-ply', 1 a-ploi'; 2 a-ptt', v. [ap-plied'; 
ap-ply'ing.J I. t. 1. To put or place 
(to); devote; attach; refer; test. 2. To 
gi\e wholly (to); devote (oneself), as to 
study. II. i. 1. To make request; ask; 
petition. 2. To have reference. 

ap-poff /f gfa-tu'ra, l ap-pej'a-ta'ra; 2 ap- 
p6g"a-tu'ra, n. A musical embellishment 
consisting of a single note Introduced as a 
suspension before any note of a melody. 

ap-polHt' d , 1 a-point'; 2 a-pSint', vt. & vi. 
1. To name; designate; assign; command; 
prescribe. 2. To fit out; equip; furnish. 

— ap-polnt'ed, a. Designated; equipped. 

— ap-polnt-ee', n. One who is appointed. 

— ap-polnt'er, n. One who appoints — ap- 
point'ment, n. An appointing or being ap- 
pointed; position; service; station; office; an 
agreement, as for meeting at a given time; 
an engagement; stipulation; equipment. 

ap-por'tlon, 1 a-pSr'slian; 2 a-por'shon, vt. 
To divide proportionally; allot, -ment, n. 

ip'PO-slt(e», 1 ap'o-zit; 2 ap'o-sjlt, o. Well 
adapted; appropriate; apt. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ap"po-sl'tlon, 1 ap'o-zisVan; 2 ap"o- 
sfsh'on, n. 1. Gram. The relation be- 
tween nouns in the same subject or predi- 
cate and in the same case. 2. A placing or 
being in immediate connection; appli- 

ap-pralse', 1 a-preV; 2 a-pras.', vt. [ap- 
praised'; ap-praib'ing.J To put a value 
on officially; value.— ap-prais'ai, n. An ap- 
praising; official valuation, ap- praise'* 
ment?.— ap-prals'er, n. 

ap-pre'cl-ate, la-prf'slu-St; 2 a-prS'shi-at, 
tt. A vi. [-at "ed" ; -at "ing.1 1. To esteem 
adequately; perceive distinctly. 2. To 
raise or rise in value. 8. To estimate.— 
ap-pre'd-a-bKei', l a-prram-e-bl; 2 a-pre'- 
sbJ-a-bl. a. That may be appreciated; per- 


ceptlble.— ap-pre'd-a-My, adv.— ap-pre"- 
cl-a'tion, l a-prt'Shi-6'shan; 2 a-pre'shi-a'- 
shon, n. An appreciating; true estimation; 
recognition; increase in value.— ap-pre'cl-a* 
ttF(e 8 , a. Having or manifesting appreciation. 
ap"pre-hend' d , 1 ap k n-hend'; 2 ap're 
hend', v. I. t. 1. To grasp mentally: 

rrceive. 2. To have an impression of. 
To expect with anxious foreboding. 4. 
To arrest; seize. II. t. 1. To suppose; 
surmise; conjecture. 2. To look forward 
with foreboding. 3. To perceive.— 
ap"pre-hen'8l-bl(e p , a. Capable of being 
apprehended. — ap'pre-nen'slon, n. 1. 
Anxious foreboding. 2. Idea; opinion; per- 
ception. 3. Legal arrest. — ap"pre-hen'- 
slv(e 8 , a. 1. Antlcipative of evil; anxious; 
fearful. 2. Quick to apprehend; sensitive; 
conscious, -ly, ad p. -ness, n. 

ap-pren'tlce, \ 1 a-pren'tis; 2 a-pren'tic. I. 

ap-pren'tls s , j vt. [-ticed*, -tist 8 ; -tic- 
ing.] To bind as an apprentice. II. n. 
One who is bound to serve another in 
order to learn a trade; a learner; be- 
ginner.— ap-pren'tlce-shlp, n. 

ap-prize', ) 1 a-praiz'; 2 a-prfe', vt. [ap- 

ap-prlse', /prized', ap-prised'; ap-priz'- 
ing, ap-pris'ing.] To notify ; advise; in- 

ap-proach', 1 a-procV; 2 a-pr6ch'. I. vt. 
& vi. To come or cause to come near or 
nearer (to); make advances (to). II. n. 

1. The act of approaching; a coming 
nearer; access. 2. Nearness; approxima- 
tion. 3. Opportunity, means, or way of 
approaching. 4. pi. Advances, as to 
friendship, etc. 5. pi. Mil. Works, as 
trenches, etc., by which besiegers ap- 

S roach a fortified place.— ap-proach'a- 
l(e p ,o. -ness, n. 
ap"pro-ba'tion, 1 ap'ro-bg'sTian; 2 fip'ro- 
ba'sHon, n. The act of approving; ap- 
proval; commendation. 
ap-pro'pri-ate, 1 a-prS'pn-6t; 2 ft-pro'- 
pri-at. I. vt. [-AT*ED d ; -at'ing.J 1. To 
set apart for a particular use; assign. 

2. To take for one's own use; make use 
of. II. a. Suitable for the person, cir- 
cumstance, place, etc. -ly, adv. -ness, «.— 
ap-pro"prl-a't1on, n. An appropriating or 
something appropriated. 

ap-prove', 1 a-pruV; 2 a-prov', v. [ap- 
proved'; ap-prov'ing.] I. t. 1. To re- 
gard as worthy; commend; sanction. 2, 
To show (oneself) worthy. 3|. To prove 
by trial; test. II. i. To think with favor, 
often with of.— ap-prov'a-W (e* t a. Worthy 
of approval.— ap-prov'al, n. Approbation; 
sanction; commendation.— ap-provlng-ly, 
adv. In an approving manner. 

I: a es final; i = habit; aisle; an = out; efl; Ms feud; 4hin; go; n-sing; fliin, this, 
t: wolf, d$; book, Mot; fail, rale, dire, but, barn; 611, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ap-prort-matcl a-prekflVmSt; 2 a-proks'- 
i-m&t, v. [-mat'ed*; -mat'inq.1 I. vt. 
& vi. To approach or cause to approach 
closelv without exact coincidence. II* 1 
a-prefcs'i-mit ; 2 ft-prttks'i-mat, a. Nearly, 
but not exactly accurate or complete ; near. 

— ap-proxl-mate-ly, adv. Nearly; about. 

— ap-proi"I-ma'tlon, n. The act of ap- 
proximating; an approximate result.— ap- 
proiT-ma-tlv(e», a. Obtained by or involv- 
ing approximation; approximate. -If, adv. 
i-pur'te-nance, 1 a-pur'ti-nens; 2 a-pur / - 

'pn-edt, n. A 

te-nanc, n. An accessory or adjunct.— 
ap-pur'te-nant, 1 a-pOr'ti-nent; 2 a-pur'- 
te-nant. a. Appertaining; acoessory. 

a'prl-eoi, 1 6 r pn-ket; 2 a'pri-edt, n. A 
plum-like fruit, or the tree 
that yields it. 

A'pril, 1 e'pnl; 2 a'pril, n. 
The fourth month. 

a'pron, 1 5'pren; 2 fi'pron, 
n. A covering for the front 
of a person's clothes; a cov- 
ering on the front of a car- AnHAo* 
riage. * raw5# 

ap"ro-pos', 1 ap"ro-po'; 2 aVro-po'. I. 
o. Pertinent; opportune. IL adv. 1. 
Pertinently; appropriately. 2. By the 
way.— apropos of, with reference to; as 
suggested by; in respect. 

apse. 1 ape; 2 ftps, n. . 1. A recess or 
termination, as of a church, properly 
semicircular, with a semidome. 2. The 
eastern or altar end of a church. 

apt. 1 apt; 2 apt. a. 1. Tending; liable; 
likely. 2. Quick to learn; skilful. 8. 
Pertinent; apposite; pat.— aptly, adv.— 
apt'ness, i». Aptitude. 

ap'ter-yx, 1 ap'ter-iks; 2 ap'ter-yka, n. A 
New Zealand bird with small and unde- 
veloped wings. 

apt'i-tude, 1 apt'i-tiud; 2 apt'i-tfifc, n. 1. 
Adaptation; bent; tendency; fitness. 2. 
Quickness of understanding; readiness; 

a'qua, 1 ?kws; 2 ft'kwa, ». Water.— a'qua 
for'tls, nitric acid.— a. vita?, distilled 

a-qua'rl-tim, 1 e-kwS'n-um; 2 a-kw&'ri- 
flm. n. f-Ri-UMS or -ri-a, pL] A tank or 
building for aquatic animals or plants. 

a-quatlc, 1 s-kwat'ik; 2 a-kwarie. I. a. 
Pertaining to, living in, or adapted to the 
water. D. n. An aquatic animal or 

aq'ue-duct, 1 ak'wi-dukt; 2 ak'we-dfiet, n. 
A pipe or channel for supplying water 
from a distance. 

a'que-ous, 1 §'kwi-us; 2 ftlcwe-ua, a. Per- 
taining to or containing water; watery. 

aq'ul-llii(e«, 1 ak'wi-lin; 2 *k'wi-Hn, a. Of 
or like an eagle or an eagle's beak; curv- 
ing; hooked. 

-ar, suffix. Pertaining to; like; as, regular, 
singular; also, the person or thing pertaining 
to; as, scholar. , 

Ar'ab, 1 ar'ab; 2 aVab, n. 1. An Arabian, 
or an Arabian horse. 2. [a-] A homeless 
street wanderer.— ar"a-besque / , l ar"e- 
beak'; 2 ar'a-beak', n. Art. Fanciful group- 
ing of animal* and plant-forms, or flat orna- 
mentation employing the Interlaced lines of 
Arabian architecture.— ar"a-besque', a.— 
A-ra'bl-an, 1 s-rt'bi-sn; 2 a-rft'bi-an. L a. 
Of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. 
II. n. A native or naturalized Inhabitant of 
Arabia.— Ar'a-blc, l ar'e-blk; 2 ar'a-blc. 

1. a. Arabian. II. n. The language of the 
Arabians.— Arabic figures, the numerals 1, 

2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0. 

ar'a-bl(e*, 1 ar'e-bl; 2 aVa-bl, a. Capa- 
ble of being plowed or cultivated. 

ar'bl-ter, 1 ar'bi-tar; 2 arTM-tei-, n. An 
arbitrator or umpire; a final judge.— ar-bit'- 
ra-ment, 1 ar-bit're-ment or -m ant; 2 ar-blf- 
ra-ment, i». Decision by an arbiter. 

arHM-tra-ry, 1 dybi-tre-n; 2 aVbi-tra-ry, a. 
Fixed, made, or done capriciously; abso- 
lute; despotic.— arTri-tra-rl-ly, ado. 

ar'bl-trate, 1 oVbi-trft; 2 aVbi-tr&t, vt. & 
vi. [-TRAT"EDd; -trat'inq.] To decide 
as arbitrator; settle by arbitration.— ar*T>l. 
tra'tion, n. The settling of a controversy by 
an arbitrator or arbitrators.— ar'M-tra"tor, 
n. A person chosen by agreement of parties 
to decide a dispute between them; an arbiter. 

ar'bor 1 , 1 dVber; 2 aVbor, n. 1. A spindle 
or axle. 2. Bot. A tree.— ar-bo're-al, a. 
Pertaining to a tree or trees; living or situ- 
ated among trees.— ar"bo-res'cent, a. Tree* 
like; branching.— ar / bor-I-cuF'ture,n. The 
cultivation of trees or shrubs.— ar*bor-l- 
cuTtur-al, a.— ar"bor-l-eul'tiir-ist, n. 

ar'bor*, n. A vine-clad bower; a shaded 
walk or nook. [The Mayflower. 

ar-bu'taa, 1 or-biu'tus; 2 ftr-bu'tus, n. 

are, 1 ark; 2 arc, n. Part of the circum- 
ference of a circle; a bow; an arch. 

ar-cade', 1 or-ksd' ; 2 ar-e&d', n. A vaulted 
passageway or roofed street; a range of 

Ar-ca'dl-wn, 1 ar-k£'<u~en; 2 ftr-eft'di-an, 
a. Pertaining to Arcadia; rural; pastoral. 

ar-ea/num, 1 ar-ke'num; 2 ar-cE'hum. n. 
[ar-ca'na, pi.] An inner secret or mystery. 

arch*, 1 fircTi; 2 ftrch, vt. & vi. To form into 
an arch; form an arch; curve; span with 
an arch or arches. 

arch, a. 1. Innocently cunning; roguish; 
playfully sly; coy. 2. Chief.— archly, adv.— 
areh'ness, a. 


2: art, ape, t a t , f a r e, fa«t ,what, gll ; m*,g*t, prey, fern; bit. Ice; !=**;«=«; go, not, or, won, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Round Arch. 

arch, n. 1. A bow-like curve, structure, or 
object. 2. Arc*. A curved structure sup- 
ported at the sides or ends only, and 
formed of distinct pieces fitted to- 
gether to span an 

arch-, 1 arrfh-; 2 
arch-, prefix . 
Chief or princi- 
pal; very great; 
extreme. In words 
beginning with the 
prefix arch-, the syl- 
lable arch- is pro- 
nounced arc-, 1 5rk-, 
2 arc-, before a 
vowel; as, arch'- 
an "gel, 1 ark'en'Jel, 
2are'an"gel; before 
a consonant the pro- 
nunciation is arch-. \ Brcli-, 2 &-ch-; as, arch'- 
blah 'op, 1 firth'bisirep, 2arch'bIsh"op: arch'- 
duch'ess, 1 Orcli'ducn'es, 2 arch'duch'es. 
(This rule does not apply to the prefix archU. 
Bee archh.] 

ar"chie-ol'o-gy, etc. See archeology, etc. 

ar-chalc, 1 ar-ke'ik; 2 fir-ca/ic, o. Be- 
longing to a former period; going out of 
use; antiquated, -1-calJ.— ar'cha-lsm, n. 
Anything archaic, as an archaic word, idiom, 
style, etc. 

arch"an'gel, 1 ark'Sn'jel; 2 arc'an'ggl, n. 
An angel of highest rank. 

archlbtsh'op, 1 arcli'bisVdp; 2 &rch'- 
blsh'op, n. The chief bishop of a prov- 
ince.— arch'HMsb.'op-ric, n. The office and 
jurisdiction of an archbishop. 

arch'dea'con, 1 areVdi'kn; 2 arch'de'cn, 
n. A high official in a diocese.— arch"dea'- 
con-ate, arch^dea'con-ry, n. [-ries«, pi.] 
The office or jurisdiction of an archdeacon, 

ar"che-oI'o-gy* ) 1 firla-el'o-ji; 2 ftr'ee- 

n^chSB-ol'o-gy, j 61'o-gy, n. [-gies 1 , pi.} 

The science or study of history from relict 

and remains of antiquity.— ar*che-o-log' 
le, ar*-che-o-log'l-cal, 1 ar"ki-o-leJ'ik, 
-i-kel; 2 ar'ce-o-Jdg'ie, -1-eal, a. Pertaining 
to archeology — ar"che-ol'o-gl8t, n. One 
skilled in archeology. 

arch'er, 1 oreVar; 2 arch'er, n. One who 
uses the bow and arrow. — arch 'er-y, 1 
flr<Jh'w-i; 2 arch'er-y. n. [-ies», pi.] 1. 
The art of shooting with the bow. 2. 
Archers collectively. 

ar'che-type, 1 aVki-taip: 2 sVce-typ, n. 
A primitive or standard pattern; a 
model.— ar'che-ty^pal, a.— ar*-che-typ'- 
Ic or -l-cal, a. [itive. See arch-. 

ar'chl-, 1 aVki-; 2 ar'ei-, prefix. Chief; prim- 

ar"chl-pel'a-go. 1 arTci-pel'e-go; 2 ar'd- 
peTa-go, n. (-ooes» or -oosa, pi.] A 


sea studded with islands, or the islands 
collectively.— ar"chl-pe-lag'lc, a. 

ar'chl-tect, 1 aVki-tekt; 2 ar'ci-tect, n. 
One who plans buildings, etc., and directs 
their construction.— ar / chi-tec"ture t 1 flr'- 
ki-tek'Chur or -tlur; 2 ar'ei-tee'chur or -tfir, 
n. 1. The science and art of designing and 
constructing buildings. 2. A style of build- 
ing. 3. Buildings, etc., collectively.— ar"- 
chl-tec / tur-al, a. 

ar 'chive, 1 aVkoiv; 2 aVdv, n. 1. A de- 
pository for public documents: used most- 
ly in the plural. 2. A public document or 
record. [arched passage. 

arch 'way", 1 arrfh'we"; 2 arch'wa", n. An 

aic'tic,lark'tik;2are'tie. I. a. Pertaining 
to the north pole ; far northern ; cold ; frigid. 
II. n. 1. The arctic circle or regions. 2. 
[U. S.] A warm, waterproof overshoe. 

Arctic ocean, 1 firk'tik; 2 arc'tie. A body of 
water, largely frozen, surrounding the north 
pole; open to the Atlantic through Baffin bay, 
and to the Pacific through Bering strait. 

-ard, suffix. Used to form from adjectives 
personal nouns denoting the possession in a 
high degree of the quality denoted by the 
adjective; as, drunkard: sometimes changed 
to -art, as in braggart. 

ar'dent, 1 ar'dent; 2 ar'dent, a. Vehe- 
ment; passionate; intense; also, hot, 
burning, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— ar'den-cy, 
n. Intensity; warmth; eagerness. 

ar'dor, 1 firdar or -der; 2 ar'dor, n. 
Warmth; intensity; eagerness; vehe- 
mence; zeal, ar'dourt. 

ar'du-ous, 1 aVjftfor -diu-]us; 2 ftr'julor 
-du-]tts, a. 1. Laborious; difficult. 2% 
Steep and lofty, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

are, 1 ar; 2 fir, 1st, 2d, & Sd per. pi. pres, 
ind. of be, v. 

are,\ 1 ar; 2 ar, n. A land-measure - 119.38 

ar p , / square yards. See Metric System. 

a're-a, 1 6'ri-e; 2 a're-a, Yu 1. An open 
space; a tract. 2. Extent of surface. 3. 
A small sunken basement-court. 

a-re'na, 1 e-rl'ne; 2 a-r§'na, n. The 
space for contestants in a Roman amphi- 
theater; sphere of action or contest. 

A'res, n. See Mars. 

ar'gent, 1 ardent; 2 ar'gent, a. Like or 
made of silver; white; silvery.— ar*gen-tlf'- 
er-ous, a. Silver-bearing. 

ar"gU-la'ceous, 1 ar'ji-l€'slius; 2 ar'gi- 
la'shus, a. Containing, consisting of, or 
like clay; clayey. 

ar / gon ; 1 ar'gen; 2 ar'gon, n. A gaseous 
constituent of the atmosphere, discovered 
in 1894. 

ar'go-naiit, 1 aVgo-net; 2 aVgo-n&t, n. 1. 
One of the legendary seekers for the 
golden fleece; hence, a gold-seeker. 2. A 

I: • = final; 1 = habit; aisle; <m = out; oil; IDs feud; Cliin; go; j) = &ing; thin, this. 
S: wolf, do,; bdok, Mot; fqll, rflle, cttre, btit,bOrn; ©11, boy; to, *em; igk; thin, thia 

Digitized by VjjOOQ LC 

Architecture. — I. 
1. Gothic (Amiens Cathedral, France). 2. Norman (Chapel of St. John In the Tower of London 
England). 3. Roman (Pantheon, Rome). 4. Russo-Byzantine (Church of St. Basil, Moscow), ft. 
Rena i ssance (Doorway of the Palace of Fontainebleau, France). 


by Google 

[j7- . \T_—-zrn——r 

Abchitecture. — II. 

1. Modern American (Metropolitan Tower, New York). 2. Byzantine (St. Mark's, Venice). 3. 
Egyptian (Temple of Karnak, Egypt). 4. Greek (Parthenon, Athens). 5. Chinese (Pagoda, Shang- 
hai). 6. Colonial (Jumel Mansion, New York). 7. Moorish (La Glralda, Seville). 8. French (Cha- 
teau of Thell, France). 9. Moslem (Taj Mahal, India). 


by Google 


cuttlefish with papery shell. Called also 

ftr'go-sy, 1 fir'go-si; 2 ar'go-sy, n. [-sies«, 
pi.] A large, richly laden ship. 

ar'gue, 1 oVgiu; 2 ar'gQ, vt. & vi. Tar'- 
gued; ar'gtt-ing.] To reason; debate; 
discuss;; influence by argument; prove; 
show; imply. 

ar'gu-ment, 1 ar'giu-ment or -ment; 2 
ar'gu-ment, n. 1. A reason or course of 
reasoning; demonstration; debate; dis- 
cussion. 2. The plot or gist of a work: a 
summary.— ar"gTi-ineii-ta'tlon,n. Debate; 
argument.— ar"gu-men'ta-tlv(es, a. Per- 
taining to, consisting of, or marked by ar- 
gument; given to argumentation, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

Ar'gus, l ar'gus; 2 ar'gtts, n. 1. Myth. A 
monster with 100 eyes; killed by Mercury; 
Juno set his eyes in the tail of the peacock. 
2. A sharp-eyed, watchful person. 3. An 
East-Indian pheasant. 

a'ri-a,l&'ri-a;2a'rl-a,n. Mus. An air or song; 
especially, an elaborate solo. 

-a'rl-an, suffix. Used In forming adjectives 
and adjectival nouns denoting occupation, 
age, sect, etc.; as. predestinarian. 

ar'id, 1 ar'id; 2 ar'id, a. Parched; dry; 
barren.— a-rid'1-ty, n. [-ties«, pi.] The 
state or quality of being arid, artd-nesst. 

•-right', 1 8-rait'; 2 a-rlt', a. & adv. 

a-rlse', ) 1 s-raiz'; 2 a-rfg', vi. [a-rose', 

a-riae' p , J a-roze'*; a-ris'en, a-riz'n p ; 
a-ris'inq.I To spring forth; appear; 
issue; originate; rise; ascend. 

a-rls'ta, 1 e-ris'te; 2 a-rls'ta, n. [-T2B, pi.] 
An awn. 

ar"ls»toc'ra-cy, 1 ar'is-tek're-ei; 2 ar'is- 
tcVra-cy, n. [-cies 1 , pi.] A hereditary 
nobility, or government by such a nobil- 
ity.— a-rls'to-crat, 1 8-rls'to-krat: 2 a-rls'- 
to-cr&t, n. -A member of an aristocracy; a 
proud and exclusive person.— ar"ls-to-crat'- 
lc, a. Pertaining to aristocracy; haughty; 
exclusive. -i-cali. 

a-rlth'me-tlc, 1 e-rith'mi-tik; 2 a-rfth'me- 
tlc, n. The science of numbers, or a 
treatise upon it.— ar"lth-met'l-cal, a. -ly, 
adv.— a-rltn'me-tl 'elan, 1 s-rifh'mi-tisn'- 
sn; 2 a-rith'me-tlsh'an, n. X>ae skilled in 

•a'rl-um, suffix. Forming nouns denoting a 
place for or connection with; as, aquarium, 

ark, 1 ark; 2 &rk, n. 1. Script. (1) The 
ship of Noah (Gen. vi, 14-22). (2) The 
chest containing the tables of the law (Ex. 
xxv, 10, etc.). (3) The papyrus cradle 
of Moses (Ex. ii, 3). 2. Any sacred reposi- 
tory. *. A flat-bottomed freight-boat. 


arm, 1 arm; 2 arm, vt. <fc vi* To provide 

with arms or armor; equip; fortify; have 

or take arms. 
arm*, n. The upper limb of the human 

body; an arm-like part or branch. 
arm*, n. 1. A weapon. 2. A branch of 

the military service. 
ar-ma'da, 1 ar-me'de; 2 ar-ma'da, n. A 

fleet of war-vessels, as the so-called Jnptn- 

cihle Armada, defeated off the coast of 

England in 1588. 
ar^ma-dillo, 1 ar"- 

me-dil'o; 2 ar'ma- 

dll'o, n. An Ameri- 
can mammal withM 

armor-likeoovering. " 
ar 'ma-men t, 1 ar 7 - . 

ma-ment or -ment; Armadillo. 

2 ar'ma-ment, n. '» 

A land or naval «t at rest. 

force; the guns and munitions of a fort or 

ar'ma-tiire, 1 ar'me-rfhur or -tiur; 2 
ar'ma-chur or -tur, n. A piece of soft 
iron or wire-wound metal joining or ro- 
tating near the poles of a magnet. 

arm 'fid, 1 arm'iul; 2 arm'ful, n. That 
which is held, or can be held, in the arm 
or arms. 

ar'ml-stlce, 11 ar'mi-stis; 2 fir'mi-stlc, n. 

ar'ml-stis 8 , J Mil. A suspension of hos- 
tilities; a truce. 

armlet, 1 arm'let; 2 arm'lgt, n. A little 
arm; a band or armor for the arm. 

ar'mor, 1 ar'mer; 2 ar'mor, n. A defen- 
sive covering, as > of mail for a war- 
rior, or of metallic plates for a war- 
vessel, a diver's suit, etc.— artnor-er, n. A 
maker, repairer, or custodian of arms or 
armor.— ar-mo'rt-al, l or-mO'ri-sl; 2 ar- 
mO'rl-al, a. Pertaining to heraldry or her- 
aldic arms — ar'mo-ry, 1 nr'mo-n; 2 ar'mo- 
ry, n. [-WES*, pi.] A place for the storing 
of arms, the assembling of troops, etc. 

ar'raour, etc. Same as armor, etc. 

arms, 1 arms; 2 arms, n. pi. 1. Weapons 
of offense, collectively. 2. The military 
service. 3. Armorial bearings. 

ar'my, 1 aymi; 2 ar'my, n. [ar'mies 1 , pi.] 
A large organised body of men armed for 
military service on land. 

ar'nl-ea, 1 d^m-kB; 2 ar'ni-ca, n. A plant 
of the aster family, or a tincture prepared 
from it. 

a-ro'ma, 1 e-ro'ma; 2 a-r5'ma, n. [-mas« 
or -MA-TA, 1 -me-td; 2 -ma-ta, pi.] Fra- 
grance, as from plants; agreeable odor.— ar"- 
o-matlc. I. a. Fragrant; spicy. II. n. An 
aromatic substance. 

1: artistic, art; fat, fare; fast ; get, prey; hit, police ;obey,g6; net,6r; full, role; but, burn. 
2: art,ape,faM^f^what^aU; m€^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

*+•*', 1 *«*", 2 •-*(#, imp. of abuse,*. 

#»n>lliid% 1 a-raund'; 2 a-round'. I* adv. 
tSoaito encompass; in various direc- 
tion*; in the opposite direction; about. 
2. From place to place; here and there. 
II, prep. On all or various sides of; about. 

a-rowe', 1 s-roua'; 2 a-rous/, vL [a- 
bottsed'; a-bous'ino.J To awaken; ex- 
cite; animate; rouse.— a-rons'al, n. An 
arousing; awakening. 

ar-peg'*>o, 1 ar-pej'o; 2 ar-peg'o, n. The 
sounding or the notes of a chord in succession 
Instead of together, as in playing the harp. 

UHraftgilYl a-rSn'; 2 a-ran', tt. To accuse 
formally before a court; accuse.— ar-ralgn'- 
ment, n. The act of arraigning; accusation. 

•Mange'* 1 a-renj'; 2 a-rang', tU A ti. 
[ab-ranged'; ar-bang'ing.] To put in 
order; agree upon, as a plan; adjust; 
adapt; prepare; settle.— ar-range'ment, 
n. An arranging, or that which is arranged; 
disposition; order; preparation; plan; settle- 
ment; adjustment. 

ar'rant, 1 ar'ent; 2 ar'ant, a. Notoriously 
bad; unmitigated. 

artas, 1 ar'as; 2 ar'as, n. Tapestry. 

ar-fajr', 1 a-rt'; 2 a-r&'. I. ti. 1. To mar- 
shal; set in order. 2. To clothe; dress. 
IL n. 1. Regular or proper order; ar- 
rangement, as for battle; a military force. 
Z. Clothing; dress. 

aft-rear', 1 a-rtr'; 2 ft-reV, n. A part, as of 
a debt, overdue and unpaid: commonly 
la the plural — ar-rear'age, ». Arrears. 

ar-rest', 1 a-rest'; 2 a-rest'. Id. *. 1. 
To stop suddenly; check; fix. 2. To take 
into custody. IL n. An arresting; a 
stop, check, or stay; seizure by legal 

ar-rKe% 1 a~raiv': 2 a-rfv' r ri. [ar-kivt-d'; 
ae-my'ino.) To some to a destination, 
concftiaiou, or result; coma: followed by 
at.- af-rf'rat, 1 a-rarral; 2 a-rTval* n. An 
arriving, or ihikl whlcn arrive*, 

ar'ro-dntt 1 ar'o-gedt; 2 fiKp-gant, a. 
Having or showing excessive pride; euper- 
cttkms; overbearing; haughty.- at 'romance, 
1 afo-ffsna; 2 ar'o-iane, «♦ Tao being arro- 
gant; Haughtiness.- ar'ro-^ant-ly, ode. 

*r 'rotate, I a/o-get; 3 Rr'o-fiat, tt. 
[-oat"kp*; -OAT'mo.1 To take, demand, 
or dates unreasonably: assume; usurp. 
— ar*ro-ffa'tl(m, 1 ar'o-^gG'sbsa; 2 ftr'o-sa'- 
„ A. The act a I arrogating; unwarr&at- 

,, I a?o; 2 fci'a, n, A slender shaft 
with pointed bead* to be ahot from a bn w. 
flee IUub, In next column.— ar'row-y, I ar"- 
o-i; g *r»o*-r, a. Use an arrow- awift; sharp; 


ar 'row-roof, 1 ar'o-rQt'; 2 aVo-rdot*, n. 
A nutritious starch from a tropical Ameri- 
can plant; also, 
the plant. 

ar'se-nal, 1 aVsi- i 
ndl;2&r / se-nal,n. J 
A repository fori 
or manufactory of fl 
arms and muni- 
tions of war. 

~&1t&££; »—*«•*«*■ 
n. A chemical element; also, a poisonous 
compound of this element. 

ar'son, 1 ai/sen; 2 ar'son, n. The mali- 
cious burning of a dwelling or other struc- 

art, 1 art; 2 art, £d yer. sfn^. pre*. *nd. of be, v. 

art, n. 1. Skill in some practical work; 
dexterity; facility; a system of rules; as, 
the industrial or mechanical arts. 2. The 
embodiment of beautiful thought in artis- 
tic forms; also, the works thus produced, 
collectively; as, the esthetic or fine arts; 
also, artistic skilj. 8. Craft; cunning. 4- 
An organised body of trained craftsmen; 
a gild. 

Arte-mls, n. See Diana. 

ar'ter-y, 1 ar'tar-i; 2 sVter-y, w. 1-ies«, pl.\ 
One of the vessels which convey blood 
away from the heart; any great channel. 
-ar-teM-al, l ar-tm-el; 2 Ir-tt'ri-el, a. 

Ar-te'slan, 1 ar-tl'sen; 2 ar-tS'shan, a. 
Of or pertaining to Artois, France.— 
Artesian well, a well bored down to a depth 
whence water is forced out at the surface. 

artTul, 1 art'ful; 2 art'ful, a. 1. Crafty; 
cunning. 2. Artificial. 3. Skilful; in- 
genious.- art'ful-ly, adv.~ artful-nesa, n. 

ar'tt-choke, 1 aVti-rfhdk; 2 ar'ti^chok, n. 
A thiRle-like garden plant or its edible 

ar'tl-cl(e p , 1 or'ti-kl; 2 ar'ti-cl. I. rf. 
[-cled; -cling.] To bind by or set forth 
in articles. II. n. 1. A particular thing; 
item; proposition. 2. An essay; paper. 
8. One of a class of limiting adjectives, 
as a, an, and the. 

ar-tlc'u-lar, 1 or-tik'yu-lsr; 2 ar-tle'yu-. 
lar, a. Pertaining to an articulation or 

ar-tlc'u-late, 1 ar-tik'yu-lst; 2 ftr-tfc'yu- 
lat. I. vt. & vi. [-lat'edO; -lat'inq.J 
1. To pronounce; enunciate; utter artic- 
ulate sounds. 2. To joint together. II. 
a. 1. Having distinct syllables; distinctly 
uttered. 2. Jointed; segmented. III. n. 
An invertebrate animal with segmented 
body, as an Insect, -ly, ads, -ness, n.— 

Is a* final; i« habit; caste; on stmt; oil; 111 = feud; *hin; so; rj=si*<r; Chin, this. 
S: wolf, d£; book, boot; fall, rule, core, but, burn; oil, bdjr; to, ftem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



•r-tic^u-la'tlon, n. 1. The utterance of 
articulate sounds; enunciation; an articulate 
sound. 2. A jointing together; joint. 

mr'tl-flce, 1 1 ar / ti-as; 2 ar'ti-flc, n. Trick- 

ar'tl-fiss, J ery; stratagem; maneuver. 

ar-ttfl-cer, 1 or-tif'i-ser; 2 ar-ttf'i-cer, n. 
A skilful handicraftsman; also, an inven- 
tor; a contriver. 

ar"tt-fl'cial, 1 or'ti-fWel; 2 ar'ti-ffeh'al, 
a. Produced by art; not natural; affect- 
ed, -ly, adv. 

ar-tUler-y, 1 ar-til'er-i; 2 ftr-til'Sr-y, n. 1. 
Cannon, or the troops operating it. 2. 
Implements of ancient warfare. 

Artist, 1 ort'ist; 2 artist, n. One who is 
skilled in the fine arts; one who works 
artistically.— ar-tis'tlc, ar-tls'tl-cal, a. Of 
or pertaining to art or artists; conformable to 
the principles of art; tasteful; elegant; beau- 
tiful.- ar-tls'tl-cal-ly, adv. 

ar'tl-aan, 1 1 dVti-san; 2 ftr'ti-zan, n. A 

ar'tt-san, J trained workman; superior me- 

artless, 1 artles; 2 art'les, a. Without 
art or craft; unaffected; ingenuous; sim- 
ple; sincere, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

•#a-ry, suffix. Denoting in nouns, persons, 
things, or places; as, notary, library: also 
used to form adjectives; as, primary. 

Ar'yan, l Hr'yan; 2 ar'yan. I. a. Indo- 
European or Indo-Germanic; of or belonging 
to the Aryans. II. n. 1. One of a primitive 
people who are believed to have spread from 
the highlands of Central Asia into Europe and 
India, and to be the parent stock alike of the 
Hindus, Greeks, Latins, Celts, Anglo-Saxons, 
etc. 2. The language of this people. 

as, 1 az; 2 as, adv. & conj. Like; for in- 
stance; in the character of; when; be- 
cause; since. 

as"a-fet '1-da, 1 as Vf et'i-da ; 2 as'a-f et'i-da, 
n. A fetid drug. «'S 

as-bes'tos, 1 as-bes'tas; 2 as-bes'tos, n. A 
fibrous fire-proof mineral. 

as-cend'd, i a-send'; 2 &-cend\ vt. & vi. 
To go or move up; slope upward; mount; 
• climb; rise. 

as-cen'den-cy, ) 1 a-sen'den-si, -dan-si; 2 

as-een'dan-cy, J a-cen'den-cy, -dan-cy, n. 
Paramount influence; domination; sway. 

as-cen 'dent, 11 a-sen'dent, -dant; 2 a- 

as-cen'dant, J cen'dent, -dant. I. a. As- 
cending; rising; superior; dominant. II. 
n. Preeminence; domination. 

as-cen 'sion, 1 a-sen'slien; 2 a-cen'shon, n. 
1. The act of ascending. 2. [ A-J Christ's 
ascent from earth; Ascension day (the 
40th ttay after Easter). 

as-cen t% 1 a-sent'; 2 a-cent', n. The act 
of ascending; a rising, soaring, or climb- 

ing; promotion; a way of ascending; an 

as"cer-taln', 1 as'er-ten'; 2 aV6r-tan', vt. 
To make certain; find out; determine.— M"» 
cer-tain'a-bl(e p , a. 

as-cet'ic, 1 a-set'ik; 2 a-cet'ie. I. a. 
Practising extreme abstinence; severely 
self-denying. II. n. One austerely self* 
denying; a hermit.— as-cet'1-cal-ly, adv.— 
as-cetfl-dsm, n. Ascetic belief and conduct. 

a-scrlbe', 1 a-skraib'; 2 a-scrib', vt. [a- 
scbibed': a-scrib'ing.] To refer, as to a 
cause or source: attribute.— as-crtb'a-bl(e p , 
a.— a-scrip'tloii, l a-ekrlp'snan: 2a-ecrlp / - 
shon, n. The act of ascribing, or that which 
is ascribed. 

a-sep'tlc, 1 o-sep'tik; 2 a-sep'tie, a. Free 
from disease-germs or tendency to putre- 

a-sex'u-al, 1 h\or n-]seks / yu-8l; 2 5-[or a-J- 
sSks'yu-al, a. Of neither sex. 

ash 1 , 1 asli; 2 ash, n. [ash'bs, pi) A tree 
of the olive 
family, or itsl 
light, tough, [ 
elastic wood. ' 
— ash'en 1 , a. 
Pertaining to 
or made of the - 

ash',n. 1. The \^p*Vi 

residue of a -^ *^' ! ^ 

substance ._ Afl 5* „ 

that has been 1. Tree. 2. Leaflet, 

burnt: usually in the plural. 2. pi. Re- 
mains, as of the dead.— ash/en*, a. Of, per- 
taining to, or like ashes; pale, ash'yj. 

a-shamed', 1 e-sliemd'; 2 a-ehamd', a. 1. 
Feeling shame; abashed. 2. Deterred 
by shame or modesty; reluctant. 

ash'en, ash'es, ash'y. See ash» or ash 2 . 

a-shore', 1 e-slior'; 2 a-shor 7 , adv. To or 
on shore. 

A'sla, 1 6'sTie; 2 ft'sha, n. The largest con- 
tinent in the world, in the eastern hemi- 
sphere; area, 17,259,890 sq. m. 

A"sl-at'ic, 1 S'sOn-at'ik; 2 a'shi-at'ic. I. o. 
Of or pertaining to Asia. IL n. A 
native or inhabitant of Asia. 

a-sMe', 1 8-soid'; 2 a-sld'. I. n. Some- 
thing said or done aside. II. adv. On 
or to one side; away; apart; out of con- 
sideration; out of hearing. 

asl-nlne, 1 as'i-nin or -noin; 2 aVi-nln or 
-nln, a. Pertaining to or like an ass; 
stupid; silly.— asl-nlnl-ty, l as'i-nlnVti; 
2 as'i-nln'i-ty, n. 

ask*, 1 ask; 2 ask, vt. & vi. 1. To request; 
solicit; demand; claim. 2. To question; 
inquire. 3. To invite. 

1: artistic, art; fat, fire; fast ;get^ pr«y; hit, polIce;obe 

2: art, ape, f at,f are,f ast,what, all ; m€, g*t, prey, fern ; hit, Ice ; 1=6; i=e; gft, ndt, Ar t won. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 




a-skance', 1 s-skans'; 2 a-skanc\ adv. With 
a side or indirect glance; disdainfully; dis- 
trustfully. a-skant'J. 

•-skew', 1 e-skiu'; 2 a-eku', a. & adv. 
Obliquely; awry. 

ft-slani', 1 e-slant'; 2 a-slant'. I. a. & adv. 
Slanting; oblique; slantingly; obliquely. 
IL prep. Across slantingly; athwart. 

a-sleep', 1 e-slfp'; 2 a-slep', a. & adv. In or 
into a state of sleep; dormant; dead; 

a-slooe', 1 e-sl6p'; 2 a-el5p' t a. & adv. In a 
sloping position. [viper. 

Mp, 1 asp; 2 asp, n. A venomous serpent; 

as-par'a-gus, 1 as-par'a-gus; 2 as-par'a- 
gus, n. A plant of the lily family, or its 
edible shoot?. 

as 'pec t, 1 as'pekt; 2 as'peet, n. Appear- 
ance; mien; look; view; exposure; outlook. 

asp 'en, 1 asp'n; 2 asp'n. L a. Of or 
pertaining to the aspen; 
shaking; tremulous. II. 
n. A poplar with tremu- 
lous leaves. 

as-per'*-ty, 1 as-per'i-ti; 
2 &8-per i-tv, n. {-ties 8 . 
pi.) Roughness; harsh- 
ness; hardship. 

as-perse', 1 as-purs'; 2 as- 
pire', vt. [as-persed'*. Aspen. 
AS-PERST* 8 ; AS-PERs'- a, branch; lament. 
inc.] 1. To censure harshly and falsely; 
slander. 3. To besprinkle.— as-per'slon, l 
as-pOr'snen; 2 as-per'shon, n. 1. A slander- 
ous report or charge. 2. Sprinkling. 

as'phalt, ) 1 as'falt; 2 as'falt, n. Mineral 

as fait p , j pitch; hard bitumen, or a pave- 
ment made of it. as-phal'tumj.— as- 
phal'tlc, a. 

as-phyx'1-a, 1 1 as-fiks'i-s; 2 as^fyks'i-a, n. 

as-fyx 'l-a p , / Suffocation.— as-phyx T-ate, l 
as-flfc'i-et; 2 as-fyks'l-&t, «. [-AT*EDd; -at # - 
ino.1 To suffocate.— as-phyxf-a'tlon, n. 
Suffocation; asphyxia. 

as-pir'ant, 1 as-poir'ant; 2 as-pliant. I. 
a. Aspiring. IT. n. One who aspires; 
a candidate. 

as'pl-rate, 1 a^pi-rSt; 2 as'pi-rat. I. vt. 
[-RAT"ED d ; -rat'ing.J 1. To utter with 
a breathing or as if preceded by the letter 
A. 2. To draw out by suction. II. a. 
Uttered with a strong h sound, as'pl- 

as'pl-rate, n. The letter h, or its sound. 

as"pf-ra'tton, l as'pi-rS'slisn; 2 as'pi- 
ra'shon, n. The act of aspiring or of as- 
pirating; exalted desire; a breath; in- 
spiration; suction. 

as-pftre', 1 as-pair'; 2 as-plr', vi. [as- 

pired' ; as-pir'ing.] To desire something 
high and good; reach upward; ascend. 
— as-pir'ing, pa. U preaching; nobly ambi- 
tious, -ly, adv. 

as'pt-rin, 1 as'pi-rin; 2 as'pi-rin, a. A white 
powder used ai a remedy for rheumatism. 

a-squint', l s-skwint'; 2 a-skwlnt' t a. & adv. 
Askance; squinting; squintlngly. 

ass, 1 as; 2 as, n. [ass'es, pi.] A long* 
eared equine quadruped; a stupid person. 

as'sa-fetl-da, n. Same as asafettoa. 

as'sa-gal, 1 as's-goi; 2 as'a-gl, n. A 
light spear. 

as-sall', 1 a-sPl'; 2 a-s&l', vt. To attack 
violently; assault; upbraid.— as-satl'a-bKe*, 
a.— as-sall'ant. I. a. Attacking; hostile. 
II. n. One who assails. 

as-sas'sin, 1 a-sas'm; 2 a-eas'in, n. One 
who assassinates.— as-sas'sl-nate, v. 1-nat"- 
and; -nat'inq.J 1.1. To kill by secret or 
treacherous assault. II. i. To commit 
treacherous murder.— as-sas"sl*na'tloii, n. 
The act of assassinating; secret or treacher- 
ous murder. 

as-sault', 1 a-selt'; 2 a-a&lt'. I d . vt. To 
attack with violence; assail. II. n. 
Any attack; charge of troops. 

as-say', 1 a-s5'; 2 a-ea'. I. vt. & vi. To 
subject to an assay; essay; prove; test; 
show by test a certain value. II. n. 
The testing of an alloy or ore for valuable 
metal.— as-say'er, n. 

as'se-gal. n. Same as assagai. 

as-semfMage, 1 a-sem'blij; 2 a-seWblag, 
n. An assembling; gathering; collection; 

as-sem1>Ke p , 1 a-sem'bl; 2 a-sem'bl, vt. & 
vi. [-bl(e)d*; -bling.] To collect; join 
together; como together; meet ; congregate. 

as-sem'bly, 1 a-sem'bli; 2 a-seWbly, n. 
[-blijb*, pi] An assembling; persons 
assembled; military signal for assembling. 

as-sent', 1 a-eent'; 2 a-eent'. I d . vi. To- 
express agreement; concur; acquiesce. 
II. n. Concurrence; agreement; con- 
sent; sanction. 

as-sert*', 1 a-surt'; 2 a-sert', vt To state- 
positively; affirm without proof; maintain 
as a right or claim.— as-ser'tion, n. The act 
of asserting; a positive declaration without 
attempt at proof. 

as-sess'*, 1 a-ses'; 2 a-seV, vt. To tax; 
estimate or value for taxation.— as-sess'a- 
bl(e p ,a. — as-sess'a-My, adv.— as-sess'- 
meat, n. An assessing, or the amount as- 
sessed.— as-«es'sor, n. [assets. 

as 'set, 1 as'et; 2 aVSt. n. An item in one's 

as 'sets, 1 as'ets; 2 ftre'ts, n. pi. Available 
property, as for payment of debts, leg- 
acies, etc. 

as-sev'er-ate, 1 a-sev'er-et; 2 a-seVer-at, 

1: a = final; 1 = habit; aisle; en = out; ell; IO = feud; Ain; %o; n=&lng; fhin, 1 
f: wiolf^dg; bdbk, Mot; full, mle, care, but, barn; Oil, boy; go, fcem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


vL [-at'bd**; -at'ino.] To affirm _ 
icatfy or solemnly.— ai- s c T ^er-a'aon, _ 
«-§ev'«r-rdhen; 2 a-seVer-l'sbon, n. An 
emphatic or solemn declaration. 
«S-sld'u-etls, 1 a-sid'yu-us; 2 a-ald'yu-us, 
a. Devoted or constant; unremitting; 
diligent, -ly, adv. -nets, n.— aa"sl-du1-ty, 
1 as'i-duYi-ti; 2 as"t-du'i-ty. n. [-ties*, jtf.J 
Cloaca p plication; diligence. 

•rt-8lgll',lareain';2a-sln'. I. Ain, 1. 
To set apart; designate; appoint; allot; 
attribute. 2. To make over, as property, 
to an assignee; make an assignment. IL 
n. A person to whom property, rights, 
or powers are transferred by another — 
ae«elKii'a-bl(e*, a. That may be assigned 
or specified. — as"slg- nation, 1 as'ig-nC- 
snsn; 2 aslg-na'shon, a. 1. An assigning; 
assignment. 2. An appointment for meet- 
ing: usually In a bad sense.— as"»ign-ee\ 
1 asVnT; 2 as"i-nr, n. One to whom prop- 
erty has been assigned in trust; an agent or 
trustee.— as-slgn'ment, *. 1. An assign- 
ing. 2. The transfer of a property, or the 
writing of transfer.— as'slgn-or*, «. One 
who assigns. aB-elgn'erj. 

as-sim'I-late. 1 a-sim'i-let; 2 ft-sun'Mat, 
vt. A vi. [-LAT'Bnd; -lat'ing.] 1» To 
take up and incorporate, as food. 2. 
To make or become like; liken; compare; 
become alike.— as-siml-la'tton, «. An as- 
similating or being assimilated: transforma- 
tion; appropriation.- as-slml-la-Hr (e" v a. 
Capable of or tending to assimilation. 

as-slst' d , 1 a-sist'; 2 a-stet', vt. & vi. 1. 
To give succor or support to; aid; help; 
relieve. 2. To attend as a helper; act 
as assistant.— as-sls'tance, a. Help; aid; 
support; relief.- as-*sls'tant. I. o. Af- 
fording aid; assisting subordlnately. IL. n. 
One who or that which assists; a deputy; 
helper. ^ 

ae-siae', 1 a-sais / ; 2 ft-sTs', n. [aAue'es. 
pt.J A court or its session, or time ana 
place of sitting: used chiefly in the plural. 

M-oo'ei-ate, 1 a-s6's}u-et; 2 a-sd'shi-at. I. 
vi. & vi. {-at*ed«; -at'ing.1 To bring 
together; combine; connect in thought; 
have fellowship; unite; join. IL a. 
Joined together; united; allied. IIL n. 
1. A companion; colleague. 2. A con- 

aaWcl-a'tJon, I a-ao'si-8'sTien; 2 &-s5'- 
ri-ft'ehon, a. 1. The act of associating; 
fellowship; combination; society; cor- 
poration. 2. Connection of ideas. 

aa-aort'd, 1 a-aert'; 2 anrtrtf t vt. 6 vi. To 
distribute into classes; classify; associate; 
consort,- as-sort'meat, n. 1. The act or 
process of assorting. 2. A collection of vari- 

«w> x a-awti'; 2 «-awag / . at [▲*- 
suaoetd'; AS-auAO / iNG.J To make less vio- 
lent; alleviate; soothe; allay; abate; calm. 
-meat, ».— aa-soa/strOB*, a. Tending a* 
assuage; soothing. 
as-sume', 1 a-sTum'; 2 &-aum', ©f. A at. 
[as-sumbd'; AS-auM'ura.] L To take 
upon oneself; adopt. 2. To take for 
granted; suppose. 3. To affect; pretend. 
- as-awn/log, pa. Presumptuous; arrogant. 
as-sump'tloa, 1 a-eump'slien; 2 &-sfimp'- 
shon, n, 1. An assuming; a supposition, 
2. Arrogance. 

aa-anr'anee, 1 a-enOr'ans; 2 aVshur'anc, n. 
1. The act of assuring: a promise. 2. 
Full confidence; conviction. 8. Self-eon- 
fidence; boldness; effrontery. 4. Insurance. 

as-sure'. 1 a-sliur'; 2 a-ehyr', vt. [as- 
sured'; AS-aus'iNQ.] 1* To offer assur- 
ances to. 2. To give confidence to; 
convince. 2. To insure.— as-eeu'ed-iy, adv. 
Without doubt; certainly. — as-sar'ed- 
nese, n. 

aa'ter, 1 aa'ter; 2 aVter, n. A plant having 
alternate leaves, and flowers with 
white, purple, or blue rays and 
yellow disk. 

asHertak, 1 aa / tar-iak; 2 aa'ter- J 
Isk, n. A star (*) used in writing 
and printing, for references, etc. 

a-stern', 1 e-eturn'; 2 a-etern', 
adv. Naut. Behind; backward. 

as'ter-old, 1 as'tar-eid; 2 as'ter- 
6id, n. One of the very small 
planets between Mara and Jupiter. 

asth'ma, 1 as'me; 2 fts/ma, n. Cbronie 
difficulty of breathing.— aath-matlc, i 
as-mat / ik; 2 ag-m&t'le. Lo. Of, pertain- 
ing to. or affected with asthma or short- 
ness of breath. -1-eall. IL n. A perao* 
subject to asthma.- astn-matl-eal-ly« adv. 

a-stfg'ma-tlsm, 1 e-etig'me-tiam; 2 a- 
sttt'ma-tfsm, n. A defect of vision due 
to faulty curvature of the cornea. 

a-sttr', 1 a-ataV; 2 a-aaV, adv. & a. In 
action; stirring. 

a-ston'Istat, 1 e-eten'isli; 2 a-stoViab. vt 
To affect with wonder and surprise; 
amase; confound. -a -stonlsk- log, pa. 
Causing astonishment. -Iy f adv.- a-etoti'- 
Ish-meet, n. The state of being astonished; 
surprise; amasement. 

a-Stoiutd'd, 1 e-staunoY; 2 a-etound', at * 
vi. To overwhelm with wonder; confound; 
stupefy. [starry. 

as'traL 1 aa'tral; 2 aa'tral, a. Starlike; 

a-ftrar', 1 e-stre'; 2 a-etra', a. & adv. 
Wandering; out of the way; evil. 

a-strlde', 1 e-etroid'; 2 a-strtd'« adv. 4 

l:sfftigtic,6W;fa^£Sre;fo^;gfAprty;hIt $ polIce;obey,g©;i»et,*r;f^i*le;bsrt,bwTii. 
9: a>t,ape,fat l far« t fast f what,^U; me, ge^prty.fern; ba,sce;I=fi;i==e;a^,nsU,sV, afto. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


uge; retreat. 

• 1 at; 2 &t, prep. 1. On: upon; close to; 
by; near; in; within. 2. To; toward; 
Mter; by way of; through. S* On the 

pr«p. With one leg on each tide of, or 
with the legs far apart; bestriding. 

aa-tffn'gent, 1 as-trin'jent; 2 as-trln'ge'nt. 
I. a. Binding; const ipetive; styptic. II. 
n. An astringent substance, as alum, etc. 
— as-rrtar*-gen-«y, n.-as-trln'gent-ly, adv. 

aa-trol'o-gy, 1 as-trel'o-ji; 2 aa-trol'o-gy, 
n. Ancient divination by tbe stars.- as- 
groPo-ger, l as-trel'o-Jer; 2 as-trOl'o^er, ,n. 
One practising astrology.— as^tro-loglc, 
1 astro-ley* ; 2 as'tro-ldg'le, a. -l-cal*. 

aa-tfon'o-my, 1 as-tren'o-mi; 2 as-trdn'o- 
my, n. The science of the heavenly 
bodies.— as-troo'o-mer, n. A skilled ob- 
server of the stars — as"tro-nora'Ic, 1 as"- 
tro-Dera'ik; 2 asVo-nom'le, a. Of or per- 
taining to astronomy. as"tro-nom1-cal$. 
— aa'tro-noni'I-cal-ly, adv. 

as-tute', 1 as-tiQt'; 2 as-tutf, a. Keen in dis- 
cernment; acute; sagacious; cunning, -ly, 
adv. •ness.a. (Apart; In or Into pieces. 

»-gtin'der, i e-sun'dar; 2 a-aun'der, adv. 

asylum, 1 e-sai'lum; 2 a-sllnm, n. An 
institution for the care of invalids; a ref- 
uge; retreat. 

point of; during. 4. On the happening 
of; in response to; because of. 5. Up to; 
to the extent of; corresponding to. •• In ; 
connected with; dependent on; in a state 
or condition of. 

at'a-vlsm, 1 at's-vism; 2 at'a-vlsm, n. 
Reversion to an ancestral type or trait. 

ate, let; 2 at, Imp. of bat, t. 

•Ate, ntfl*. 1. Forming adjectives; as, deso- 
late. 2. Forming verbs; as, assassinate. 3. 
Forming nouns denoting office, etc.; as, mag- 
istrate; also, in chemistry, denoting salts 
formed from acids whose names end In -4c; 
as, nitrate. 

• ttm'DO,iatem'po;2ateni'po. See tempo. 

a'the-lsm. 1 e'£hl-izm; 2 a'thWsm, n. The 
denial of or disbelief in the existence of 
God.— a'tne-lst, n. One who holds or ad- 
vocates atheism. — a'the-ls'tlc. a. Char- 
acterised by atheism. a"the-ls'tl-caU.- 
a'the-b'tl-cal-ly, adv. 

A-ftbe'iia, 1 s-fhrns; 2 a-tafna, n. Tbe 
Greek goddess of wisdom, corresponding to 
the Roman Minerva. A-thCnet IGr J. 

•th"e-n«'un], )1 afliVnfum; 2 ath'e- 

atto'e-nse 'am, j nCom, n. A literary club 
or academy; a reading-room or the like. 

A-tbe'nl-an, 1 a-£hl'ni-en; 2 a-thS'ni-an, 
a. Of, pertaining to, or characteristic 
of Athens, tbe most famous city of ancient 
Greece and capital of modern Greece. 

a-thtrst', 1 e-£hurst'; 2 a-thlrst', a. Thirst- 
ing; thirsty. 

athlete, 1 a€h1It; 2 athlet, n. One 
skilled in feats of physical strength ard 
agility.- ata-totte, 1 ath-let'ik; 2 ath- 
let'le. a. Pertaining to feats of physical 
strength and agility; of or like an athlete; 
strong; vigorous; muscular.— ath-wt'1-cal* 
a. -ly, adv.— ath-let'lcs, n. Atbletlc exer- 
cises collectively;asysfeem of athletic training. 

a-thwart', 1 e-thwert'; 2 a-thwart', adv. & 
prep. Across ; transversely ; in opposition 
to; perversely. 

-attc, tufflx. Of ; of the kind of : used in adjec- 
tives of Latin or Greek origin; as, erratic, 

-a'tlon, suffix. A form used in nouns of ac- 
tion of Latin origin and, by analogy, in nouns 
of non-Latin origin; as, creation, flirtation. 

At-lan'tlc o'cean, 1 at-ian'tik; 2 at-lan'tie. 
Vast waters between America and Europe 
and Africa; 10,000 miles long; 3,000 miles 
wide; average depth, about 13,000 feet; area, 
30,000,000 sq. m. 

at'las, 1 atlas; 2 at'las, n. 1. A volume 
of maps or the like. 2. A size of paper, 
26 by 33 (34) inches. 3. [A-J Myth. Son 
of Iapetus and .Clymene; leader of Titans in 
war against Jupiter; condemned, when de- 
feated, to bear the heavens on his shoulders. 

at'mos-phere, ) 1 at'mes-flr; 2 at'mos-f?r, 

at'mos-iere*, jn. The mass of gases, 
chiefly air, surrounding the earth or any 
heavenly body ; any surrounding elementor 
influence; environment. — afmos-pher'lc, 
1 afmes-fer'ik; 2 at'mos-fer'ie, a. Pertain- 
ing to the atmosphere, afmos-pher'i-ealt. 

a- toll ', 1 e-tel' ; 2 a-t61', n. A ring-like coral 

at'om, 1 at'- 
em; 2 at'- 
om, n. One 
of tJMB indi- 
visible parts 
of which all - - 
matter is Atou - 

supposed to be formed; any exceedingly 
small particle or thing; an iota — a-tomlc, 
-1-cal, a. Of or pertaining to an atom or 
atoms; minute; infinitesimal; elemental.— 
at'om-lxe, 1 at'sm-aiz; 2 at'om-ls, t*. 
[-izbd; -izIno.1 To reduce to atoms; pulver- 
ise. at'om-Iset.— at'om-to"er, 1 afem- 
ulz'ar; 2 at'om-T*"er, n. An apparatus for 
transforming a liquid to spray. at'om-ls #r er$ • 

at'om-y 1 , 1 at'am-i; 2 at'o-my, n. I-ies«, 
pi.] An atom; pigmy. 

at'o-my*, 1 at'o-mi;'o-my, n. [-mies 1 , 
pi.l A skeleton, or an emaciated person. 

a-tone', 1 a-ton'; 2 a-ton', vt. & n. (a- 
TONEn'; a-ton'ing.] To make expiation 
for; make amends; propitiate; appease; 
reconcile.— a- tone 'men t, 1 a-ton'ment or 

1: • « final; i» habit; aisle; mahout; oil; M = fetid: 4hin; go; rj = 8fn^; €hin, ttifs. 
S: wolf, do; bdbk, MM; full, rote, care, bdt,bftrn; oil, boy; to, ftem; ink; thin, 

Digitized by VjCJOQLC 


-ment;2a-tdn'ment,n. Satisfaction, repara- 
tion, or expiation made for wrong or harm; 
the sacrificial work of Christ. 

•-top', 1 e-tep'; 2 a-top\ adv. & prep. On 
the top; up above. 

••tor, suffix. An agent; doer; actor; one who 
or that which; as, arbitrator. 

-atory, suffix. Of or pertaining to; produc- 
ing or produced by; of the nature of; ex- 
pressing; as, exclamatory. 

I'tri-um, 1 S'tn-um; 2 a'tri-am, n. A 
stately and spacious entrance-hall, as of 
a Roman dwelling. 

sv-tro'clous, 1 e-tre'sTius; 2 a-tr5'shus, a. 
Outrageously wicked, vile, or cruel; hein- 
ous; horrible.— a - tro'cious - ly, adv.— a- 
troct-ty, l e-treeVti; 2 a-trdc'1-ty, n. 
l-nfcs*. p£.] 1. The being atrocious, a-tro'- 
dons-nesst* t. An atrocious deed; shocking 
cruelty or wickedness. 

at'ro-phy, ) 1 at'ro-fi; 2 at'ro-fy. I. vt. & 

at'ro-fy p , /«. [-phied; -pht-ing.1 To 
cause to waste away; wither. II. n. 
[-PHIES*, pi.] A wasting or withering of 
the body or any of its parts; a stoppage 
of growth. 

at-tach'*, 1 a-tacV; 2 a-t&ch', vt. & vi. To 
fasten; join; connect; attribute 

unite; win; a* ize by legal process. 
at" ta"ch£', 1 a'ta'tfig'; 2 a't&W. n. 

One attached to a company or suite, as of 

an ambassador. 
at-tach'ment, 1 a-tacVment or -msnt; 2 

a-t&ch' ment, n. An attaching, or a being 

attached; adherence; affection; also, a 

bond; band; tie; appendage; adjunct; legal 

at-tack', 1 a-tak': 2 a-tak*. It. vt. & vi. 

1. To begin battle or conflict with; assail ; 
assault; make an onset; criticize; ■ensure. 

2. To start vigorously on (a task). S. 
To act upon vigorously, as acid upon 
metal. It. n. The act of attacking; an 
onset; an attacking force; a seisure, as by 

at-taln', 1 a-ten'; 2 a-tan', v. I. t. To 
arrive at (a desired object); acquire; 
achieve: reach. IL t. To arrive or reach 
with effort: with to.- at-taln"a-MlT-ty, at- 
taln'a-bl(e-ness p , n — at-taln'a-bl(e p , a. 
That can be attained; practicable.— at-taln'- 
ment, n. The act of attaining; an acquisi- 
tion; achievement. 

at-taln'der, l a-ten'der; 2 a-t&n'dSr, n. 
Eng. Law. A sentence of confiscation and 
outlawry against a person, as for treason: 
forbidden by the Constitution of the Unit- 
ed States. 

at-talnt', 1 a-t8nt'; 2 a-t&nt'. I d . vt. To 
disgrace; condemn; seise upon. II. n. 


1. Imputation; stigma; attainder. 2. A 
touch; hit. 

at'tar, 1 at'er; 2 at'ar, n. The fragrant 
essential oil extracted from rose-petals. 

at-tem'per, 1 a-tem'per; 2 a-tem'per, vt. 
To modify by mixture; soften; moderate; 

at-tempt', 1 a-tempt'; 2 a-tempt'. Id. vt 
To make an effort to do or to conquer , 
endeavor; try; essay. IL n. A trial; en- 
deavor: essay; attack. 

at-tend'd, la-tend'; 2 fr-tend'.v. V t. To 
wait upon; minister to; be present at; fol- 
low; accompany. IL i. 1. To give atten- 
tion; listen; give attendance: with to. 2. 
To be present: with at, on, or upon. S. To 
follow, as a result: with on or upon.— at-ten'- 
dance, n. An attending; those who attend; 
an audience; a retinue.— at-ten'dant, l a- 
ten'dont; 2 a-ten' dant. I. a. Following; con- 
sequent; waiting upon. II. n. One who 
attends; a servant: companion; suitor. 

at-ten'tlon, 1 a-ten' snen; 2 a-tfin'shon, n. 
1. The act, fact, or power of attend- 
ing. 2. An act of courtesy consideration: 
care. 3. Mil. The soldierly posture of 

at-ten'tlve, ) 1 a-ten'tiv; 2 a-ten'tiv, a. 

at-ten'tlv 8 , / Giving attention; observant; 
thoughtful; polite, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

at-ten'u-ate, 1 a-ten'yu-St; 2 &-ten'yu-at, 
vt. & vi. [-at'ed<*; -at'ing.] To make or 
become tnin; draw out, as a wire; emaci- 
ate; weaken; enfeeble.— at-ten'o-a'tlon, a. 

at-test', 1 a-test'; 2 a-t«8t'. I<*. vi. & vi. 
To certify; confirm; vouch for. II. n. 
One who or that which attests; testimony; 
attestation.— aftes-ta'tlon, lat'es-te'shan; 
2 at'es-ta'shon. n. The act of attesting; 
evidence; testimony. 

At 'tic, 1 at'ik; 2 at'ic, a. Of or pertaining 
to Attica or Athens in Greece; classic; 
witty.— Attic salt, refined classical wit.— 
At'tl-dsm, n. An Attic Idiom ; pure Greek; 
elegance of diction. [ret. 

at' tic, n. A half «story next the roof ; a gar- 

at-tlre'. 1 a-toir'; 2 a-tlr*. I. vt. [at- 
tired'; at-otr'ing.] To dress; array; 
adorn. II. n. Dress or clothing; appar- 
el; garments; costume; adornment. 

at 'ti- tilde, 1 at'i-tiud; 2 at'i-tud, n. 1. 
Position of the body, as suggesting some 
thought, feeling, or action. 2. State of 
mind, behavior, or conduct.— aftl-tu'dl- 
nal, a.— aftf-tu'dl-nlae, vi. 1-nized; -niz"- 
ino.1 To strike attitudes; pose for effect. 

at-tor'ney, 1 a-tur'ni; 2 a-turny, n. 
[-nets, pi] One empowered to act for 
another; a lawyer. 


*: l^ipe,ttM»re.tt8t,wh»t,aJl; m*,g*t,prty,fern; bit, Ice; I=6;i=e;g6,n6t,6r,w*n» 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 

at-tnct'd, 1 a-trakt'; 2 a-traet', v. I. t. 
To draw ; charm ; allure ; entice ; win. II. 
i. To exert attractive influence or power. 

— at- trac'tlon, n. The act or process of 
attracting; attractive power; anything pleas- 
ing or allurlog.— at-trac / tlv(e», o. Having 
the power or quality of attracting; drawing; 
pleasing; winning, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

at-trib'ute, 1 a-trib'yut; 2 a-trlb'yut, vt. 
[-UT-ED d ; -UT-iNG.J To ascribe (some- 
thing) as due and belonging; assign; refer: 
with to.- at-trlb'u-ta-bl(e p , a.-at»trl- 
button, 1 afri-btu'shan; 2 at"ri-bu'shon. n. 
The act of attributing; an attribute — at- 
trlb'u-t£v(e*. I. a. Of or pertaining to an 
attribute; expressing or assigning an attribute. 
II. n. Oram. An attributive word, as an 
adjective.— at-trlb/u-tlvCe-ly 8 , adv. 

at'trl-bute, 1 at'n-biut; 2 at'ri-but.n. 1. 
That which is attributed; a characteristic. 
2* A distinctive mark or symbol. 

at-tri r tlon, 1 a-trisVen ; 2 a-trfsh'on, n. A 
rubbing or grinding down. 

at-tune', 1 a-tiun'; 2 &-tun' f vt. [at- 
tuned'; at-tun'ing.] To tune; harmo- 
nise; adjust. 

au'burn, 1 e'bern; 2 a/burn. I. a. Red- 
dish-brown; as, auburn hair. II* n. A 
reddish-brown color. 

auction. 1 Sk'sTian; 2 aVahon. I. vt. 
To sell by or at auction. II. n. A pub- 
lic sale of property to the highest bidder. 

- auCtlon-eer', 1 8k"ahan-Ir'; 2 ae'shon-er'. 
I. vt. To sell by auction. II. n. One who 
sells by or at auction. 

au-da'clous, 1 e-d«'sTius; 2 a-d&'shus, a. 
Defiant of law or decorum; bold; shame- 
leas; Insolent, -ly, adv. -ness, n — au-dae'- 
l-ty, 1 e-das'i-ti; 2 a-dac'i-ty, n. 1-ties», 
pi.] The being audacious; Impudence; bold- 
ness; daring; recklessness. 

aa'dl-blCe', 1 e'di-bl; 2 a'di-bl, a. Per- 
ceptible by the ear; loud enough to be 
beard.— au'dl-bOI-ty, n. The state or fact 
of being audible. au'di-b!e-ness J.— au'dl- 

au'dJ-ence, 1 6'di-ens; 2 a/di-8nc, n. An as- 
sembly of hearers; a hearing; conference. 

au'dl-phone, 1 e'di-fon;'2 a'di-fon, n. An 
instrument for enabling the deaf to hear: 
(1) A device for directing sound through 
the teeth, etc., to the auditory nerve; (2) 
an electrical device, resembling the re- 
ceiver of a telephone instrument, which 
in churches, halls, etc., may be connected 
to a common telephone circuit, of which 
the transmitter is placed near the mouth 
of the speaker, while the receiver com- 
municates the sound directly to the ear 
of the hearer. 


au'dit, 1 e'dit; 2 a/dit. Id. vt. To exam- 
ine, adjust, and certify, as accounts. II. 
n. An official examination of accounts; 
a settlement; balance-sheet. 

au'dl-tor, n. 1. One who audits accounts. 
2. One who listens; a hearer. 

au'di-to'rl-um, 1 ©"di-to'n-um; 2 a/di- 
to'ri-Gm, n. [-ki-ums or -ri-a, pi.] An 
audience-room, or a large building for 
publio meetings. 

au'dl-to-ry, 1 d'di-to-n; 2 a'di-to-ry. I. a. 
Of or pertaining to hearing, to sense of 
hearing, or to an audience-room. II. n. 
[-RiES*, pi.] An assembly of hearers; an 
audience; auditorium. [boring. 

au'ger, 1 e'gar; 2 a/ger, n. A large tool for 

aught, 1 et; 2 &t, n. Any- 
thing; any part or item. 

aug-ment' d , 1 eg-ment'; 2 
ag-ment', vt. & vi. To in- i 
crease; enlarge; intensify. 
— atig"men-ta'tlon,n. The 
act of augmenting; enlarge- 
ment; increase; addition.— < 
aug-men'ta- ttv(e s , a., . 


languages, as the Greek, . 
a vowel or syllable prefixed •*«««*• 
to a verb, or a lengthening _*• T 1 ^ 8 ^: . 2 * 
of the initial vowel, to ma rk p ** t ' ,hole - 3 - 8,11 ">- 
past time. 2||. Increase; enlargement. 

au'gur, 1 e'gar; 2 a/gur. I. vt. & vi. To 
prognosticate; divine; predict; betoken; 
portend. II. n. A soothsayer; prophet. 
— au'gu-ral, a. Of or pertaining to an au- 
gur or an augury .— au'gu-ry, n. [-hies*, pi.} 
The foretelling by signs or omens; divination; 
prediction; portent or omen. 

ail-gust', 1 e-gust'; 2 a-gflst', a. 1. Ma- 
jestic; imposing. 2. Of nigh rank; vener- 
able; eminent. 

Au'gust, 1 e'gust; 2 ft 'gust, n. The eighth 
month of the year, containing 31 days. 

auk, 1 ok; 2 &k, n. A diving bird of 
northern seas. 

aunt, 1 ant; 2 ant, n. A 
father's or mother's sister or 
uncle's wife. 

au'ral, 1 e'ral; 2 a/ral, a. Per- 
taining to the ear. 

au're-ole, 1 e'n-dl; 2 a/re-ol, n.^ 
A halo or radiance, as the radi-7* — 
ance around the sun, called the % Auk. V« 
corona, or in art around the head or the 
entire figure of Christ or of a saint: known 
also as the aureola. 

ng «si oaya, 
ing bird of 


t: • = final; I = habit; cdsle; an = out; ell; lu = faud; <Jhin; go; f} = slng; thin, this. 
* wolf, dp.; bdbk, btfot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, bdy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


au'H-cI(e p , 1 e'n-kl; 2 a'ri-el, n. 1. A 
chamber of the heart. 2. The external 
ear; an ear-shaped part; an ear*trumpet. 

— au-rlc'u-Iar, l e-nk'yu-ldr; 2a-rie'yu-lar, 
a. 1. Of or pertaining to the ear or the hear- 
ing; audible; confidential. 2. Ear*ehaped. 3. 
Of or pertaining to an auricle. 

au-rlf'er-ous, 1 e-rif'er-us; 2 a-rff'er-us, a. 
Gold-bearing. [diseases of the ear. 

au 'list, 1 e'nst ; 2 a'rist , n. One who treats 
au-ro'ra, 1 e-rS're; 2 a-ro'ra, n. 1. A 
brilliant nocturnal radiance of the sky, 
in northern latitudes called aurora boreal- 
ls or northern lights, in southern latitudes 
called auroraaustralls or southern lights. 
2. The glow of early morning; dawn. 3. 
[A-] The Roman goddess of dawn.— au-ro'- 
ral» a. Pertaining to or like the -dawn; 
dawning; roseate. 
aus'plce, ) 1 es'pis; 2 as'pic, n. Favoring 
atis'pls*, /influence or guidance; patron- 
age: commonly in the plural, auspices. 

— aus-pi'dous, 1 es-plsh'us; 2 as-pbh'us, a. 
Of good omen; propitious; fortunate; happy. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

aos-iercMee-tIr';2as-t6r' f a. 1. Severe; 
stern; strict; abstemious. 2. Sour and 
astringent. 3. Severely simple, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n — aus-terf-ty, l es-tert-ta; 2 as- 
terVty, n. [-rres«, pi.] Gravity or rigor; 
severe self-restraint; severity. 

aus'tral, 1 es'trel; 2 as'tral, a. Southern; 

Aus-tra'li-a, 1 es-tr5'li-e; 2 as-tra'li-a, n. 
British island continent in the Indian and 
Pacific oceans; 2,974,581 sq. m. 

ail-then 'tie, 1 e-£hen'tik; 2 a-then'tie, a. 
Authorized: trustworthy; genuine. au- 
then'ti-cali.-au-then'tt-cal-ly, adv.— 
au-then'tl-cate, le-then'ts-ket; 2a-then'tl- 
eftt, vt. l-CAT"EDd; -cat'inq.1 To make or 
show to be authentic— au-then"tl-ea'tlon, 
n. An authenticating; attestation; confir- 
mation.— au"then-tJe / l-ty, l ft'then-tis'i-ti; 
2 athen-tlc'i-ty, n. The state of being au- 
thentic, authoritative, or genuine. 

JU'thor, 1 e'ther; 2 a/thor, n. An origina- 
tor; creator; the original writer, as of a 
book; also, one who' makes a profession 
of writing.— au'thor-ess, n.fem. : now little 
used.— au'thor- ship, n. 1. The state, 
quality, or function of an author. 2. Origi- 
nation or source. 

au-thor'i-ty, 1 e-CherVti; 2 a-thoVi-ty, n. 
[-tubs*, pi.] 1. The right to command; 
power; control. 2. A ruler or rulers; that 
which commands confidence.— au-thorl- 

. ta"tlv(e 8 , 1 -t3*tiv; 2 -ta'tlv. a. Having au- 
thority; positive; commanding, -ly, adv. 
au'tbor-lze, 1 e'Cher-ais; 2 a'thor-Is, vt. 
[-ized; -iz'ing.] To confer authority up- 

on; empower; commission; justify; l 

tlon.- aunhor-f-sa'tlon,16'ehsr-ft-se'*n»n; 
2 a'thor-i-sA'shon, n. The act of authoris- 
ing; legal sanction. 

au'to,leto; 2 a'to, a. (Colloq.l An auto* 
mobile: a common abbreviation. 

au'to-, 1 a'to-; 2 a'to-. Derive! from the 
Greek auto*, self: a combining form, signify- 
ing action of, from, within, by, or upon self; 
as, autobiography. 

auno-bl-og'ra-phy, 1 e'to-bai-eg're-fi: 2 
a/to-bl-firra-fy. n. [-phies*, pi.] The 
story of one's life written by oneself.— av"- 
to-U-ogfra-pner, n — au"to-bi"o-graph1- 
eal,a. an^to-bro-graphlcj. ^ v 

au'to-boat, au'to-bus, au'to-car, au'to- 
cy^cle, n. A boat, an omnibus, a ear, or 
bicycle propelled by motor power within itself. 

ail'to-crat, 1 e'to-krat; 2 a/to-crat. n. A 
supreme and irresponsible ruler.— au-toe'ra- 
cy, 1 e-tok/rs-si; 2 a-toe'ra-cy, n. (-cies*. 
pi] The rule of an autocrat; absolute govern- 
ment.— au'to-cratlc, l e'to-krafik; 2 ato- 
erat'ie. a. Irresponsible; despotic. 

erat'ie, a. 

l'to-graph, 1 1 e'to-grof; 2 a/to- 
i'to-graf% /o. Written by or 
handT as a note. II. n. Writ; 

to-graf. I. 
one's own 
riting done 
with one's own hand; one's own signa- 
ture.— au'to-graphlc, l -grattk: 2 -grMOe, 
a. Of the nature of an autograph. -l-eali> 

au'to-hyp-no'sls, «. Belf-hypnotism. 

au'to-matle, 1 e'to-mat'ik; 2 a/to- 
m&t'ie, a. Self-moving; acting mechani- 
cally; done without volition, an'to-mat'- 

au-tom'a-ton, 1 e-tem'e-ten; 2 a-tom'a- 
t6n, n. [-tons or -ta, 1 -te; 2-ta, pi.] A 
machine that imitates actions of living 

au"to-mo'bfle, 1 e"to-m5'bil or -mo-bfl'; 
2 ft"to-m6'bil or -mo-bll', n. A self-pro- 
pelling vehicle; 
horseless car- 

au'to- mo'bll-lst, 
n. One who owns, 
drives, or rides in 
an automobile. A r. mmnMtmk . . ,_ 

au-ton'o-my, 1 A GfoUne Automobile. 

e-ten'o-mi; 2 a-ton'o-my, n. [-mies», pi) 

Self-government; practical independence 

with nominal subordination. 
au'top-8y,le'tep-si; 2 a/tdp-sy, n. [-sieb*, 

vl.] Post-mortem examination of the 

human body. 
au'tumn, ) 1 d'tum; 2 ft'tfim, n. The third 
ail'tnm>, /season of the year: often called 

fall.— an-tnm'nal, a. Of or like autumn; 

ripening; declining. 
aui-Ula-ry, 1 egs-il'ye-n; 2 ags-11'ya-ry. 

I. p. Giving aid; subsidiary; accessory. 

1: artistic, Art; fat, fare; fust ; get, prey ; hit, polloe;obey,g*; net,6r : foil, rftle; bot, bOrn. 
*: art,ape,fat^are,fast,what,all; m€,g«t,prsy,fern; hJt,Ice;I=0;i=e;g6,ndt,6r,won, 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 

II. n. J-mes*, pi.] 1. One who or that 
which aids, as one verb in the conjugation 
of another. 2. pi. Allied troops, aux- 

fr*ail', 1 e-v§l'; 2 a-v&l', v. I. f. 1. To 
help; aid; profit. 2. To take; secure. II. 
». To be of advantage; suffice. 

a-TalF, n. 1. Utility for a purpose; profit; 
benefit. 2. jrf. Proceeds.- a-vaira-MFl- 
ty, n. Fitness to serve a given purpose. 
a-Ta!Ta-W(e-nesa p t.-a-vaU'a-bl(e p , 1 e- 
veTe-bl; 2 a-val'a-bl, a. Capable of being 
used advantageously ; usable ; profitable ; 
vaUd; at one's disposal.— a-valTa-My, adv. 

ar'a-tenchCe"', 1 avVloncV; 2 aVa- 
lanch", n. The fall of a mass of snow or 
ice down a mountain-slope; also, the mass 
so falling. 

•▼'a-rtce,! 1 av'e-ris; 2 av'a-rfc, n. Passion 

ar'a-rls*, ) for riches; covetousness; cupid- 
ity.— av^a-rfclous, 1 av'e-rish'us; 2 av"a- 
rtsh'Qs.a. Greedy of gain; grasping; miserly. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

•-vast', 1 8-vast'; 2 a-vaat', tnier/. A T aui. 
Stop! hold! 

a>»-/auiit', 1 a-vant'; 2 a-vanf , infer/. Be- 
gone! away! 

A've, 1 fi'vf; 2 &'v«, n. A prayer to the 
Virgin, beginning A ve Maria (Hail Mary) . 

B-venge', 1 e-veni'; 2 a-veng', ». [a- 
vxngbd'; a-vbno'ing.J L f. To take 
vengeance for (an act) or in behalf of (a 
person). II. i. To take vengeance; ex- 
act satisfaction.— a- veng'er, n. One that 
avenges. [broad road. 

av'e-nue, 1 avVniu; 2 av'e-nQ, n. A 

a-Yer\ 1 e-vur'; 2 a-veV, trf. [a-verbed', 
a-verd' 8 ; a-veb'ring.] To declare confi- 
dently; affirm; — a-ver'ment, a. Positive 

av'er-age, 1 av'er-ij; 2 av'er-ag. I. trf. 
f-AQBD ; -ao-ino] To fix, or be the average 
of; apportion on the average; take as an 
average. IL a. Obtained by calculat- 
ing the mean of several; medium; ordi- 
nary. III. n. 1. The quotient of any 
sum divided by the number of its terms; 
the mean amount, quantity, or the lil$e. 
2. The ordinary degree or amount; gen- 
eral type. 

adverse', 1 e-vurs'; 2 a-vers', a. Opposed; 
unfavorable; reluctant: with to. -ly, adv. 
-ness, a.— a-ver'slon, l e-vur'sndn; 2 a-ver'- 
■bon, a. 1. Mental opposition; antipathy. 
2. That to which one Is averse. 

a-vert'4, 1 e-vurt'; 2 a-vert', vt. 1. To turn 
away or aside. 2. To prevent; ward off. 

a'vi-a-ry, 1 e'vi-e-n: 2 ft'vi-a-ry, n. [-kiss*, 
pi. An enclosure for live birds. 

*'tWtor, 1 rvi-6"tar or -tor; 2 a'vi-ator, 


a. Anoperatorof an aeroplane.— a'vt-a'trtee, 
tt. /em. — a'vt-a'Uon* n. The art of flying. 

a-vldt-ity, 1 e-vidVti; 2 a-vWi-ty, n. 
Eager appetite; greediness; chemical 

av"o-ca'tion, 1 av'o-kg'snen; 2 aVo-ea'- 
shon, n. A transient occupation; diver- 
sion; business. 

a-void'd, i s-veid'; 2 a-void', vt. To keep 
away from; shun; evade.— a-vold'a-bi(e p , a. 
— a-Tokfa-My, adv.— a-vekTance, n. The 
act of avoiding or shunning. 

av"oir-du-pois', 1 av'er-du-pei*'; 2 av'or- 
du-p&is/, n. The ordinary system of 
weights of the United States and Great 
Britain. See weight. 

a-vouch't, 1 8-vaucn'; 2 a-vouch', vt. To 
affirm positively; proclaim; vouch for; 

a-TOW', 1 e-vou'; 2 a-vow'.trf.' To declare 
openly; own or confess frankly; acknowl- 
edge.— a-vow'al, n. Open declaration; ac- 
knowledgment.— a-vow'ed-ly, adv. Confes- 
sedly; openly. 

a-walt'd, 1 e-weV; 2 a-wat', vt. 1. To 
wait for; expect. 2. To be ready or in 
store for. 

a-wake', 1 e-wfik': 2 a-wak', ». [a-woke', 

1 e-wdk'; 2 a-wdk', or a- waked'; a-wak'- 
inc.] I. t. To rouse, as from sleep; ex- 
cite; arouse; wake; waken. II. t. To 
cease to sleep; become awake or alert. 

a-wake', 1 e-wek'; 2 a-wak', a. Not asleep ; 

a-wak 'en, 1 e-wSk'n; 2 a-wftk'n, vt. To 
awake.— a-wak 'en-lng, 1 e-wek'n-in; 2 
a-wak'n-ing. I. pa. Stirring; exciting. II. 
n. The act of waking; an arousing; revival. 

a-ward' d , 1 e-werd'; 2 a-w&rd'. I. vt. To 
adjudge; apportion; assign; allow. IL n. 
A decision, as by a judge, umpire, or arbi- 
trator, or that which is awarded. 

a- ware % 1 e-war'; 2 a-war / , a. Knowing; 
conscious; cognisant. 

a- way', 1 e-w6 r : 2 a-wa' ; adv. At or to a 
distance; off; absent; aside; on and on con- 

iw(e p , 1 o; 2 a. I. si. [aw(e)d»; aw'inq or 
awb'ino.] To impress with reverential 
fear. II. n.' Reverential fear; dread 
mingled with veneration. — awful, 1 8'ful; 

2 a'ful, a. I. Inspiring awe; majestic and 
terrible. 2. Filled with awe. — awTul-ly, 
adv. — awTul-nesg. n. — awe'strnck, pa. 
Impressed with awe. 

a-whlle', 1 e-hwoir; 2 a-hwll', adv. For a 

time. [the wing; flying. 

a-wlng', 1 e-win': 2 a-wfng', adv. & a. On 

awk'ward. 1 eVward; 2 aVward, a. 1. 

Ungraceful; unskilful; bungling. 2. Em* 

1: a m final; i s habit; ofcle; an » out; all; Ml = feud: 4hfn; go; q mtlng; Chin, WtB. 
J: woltdf ; bAk. bAt; f»U, rule, cQro, bOc^bUrn; Ail, b*y; go, tern; ipk; thin, thit, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


barraasingor perplexing; also, difficult or 
dangerous, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

awl, 1 el; 2 aj, n. A pointed steel 
instrument for making small holes. 

awn, 1 en; 2 an, n. A bristle of the 
beard of a grass, as of wheat or rye. 

awn 'Ing, len'in; 2 an'ing,n. A roof* 
like shelter from sun or rain. 

a- woke % 1 e-w6k'; 2 a-wok', imp. 
& pp. of AWAKE, v. 

a-wry', 1 e-roi'; 2 a-rf, adv. & a. 
Toward one side; crooked; oblique- 
ly; perversely. Awns. 

ax, ) 1 aks; 2 aks, n. An edge-tool 

axe, /for chopping, hewing, or the like. 

ax'i-al, 1 akrt-al; 2 aks'i-al, a. Of, 
taining to, or constituting an axis. 

ax'U, 1 aks'il; 2 aks'il, n. 1. The angle 
which a leaf, branch, etc., makes with the 
stem at the junction. 2. The axilla. 

ax-11 la, 1 aks-il'e ; 2 aks-Il'a, n. The armpit. 

ax 'i-om, 1 aks'i-em ; 2 aks'i-om, n. A self- 
evident or necessary truth.— axf-o-matlc, 
1 aks'i-o-mat'ik; 2 aks'i-o-mat'le, a. Of the 
nature of an axiom; self-evident. -1-calJ. 
-i-eal-ly, adv. 

ax 'Is, 1 aks'is; 2 aks'is, n. [-es, 1 -Is; 2 -Sg, 
pi.] A line on which something rotates, or 
any central line or pivotal point. 

axle, ) 1 aks'l; 2 aksl, n. A shaft or 

ax1 p , | spindle on which a wheel turns. 

ay, 1 8; 2 ft. adr. Ever; always, ayej.— 
for ay or aye, forever; eternally. 



a-zale-a, n. 

aye, 1 ai; 2 t I. n. An expression of 

assent; affirmative vote. II. adv. Yes; 

yea. ay*. 
a-zale-a, 1 e-sS'u-e; 

flowering shrub of | 

the heath family. 
ai'o-,1 az'o-; 2 aa'o-. I 

Chem. A combin- I 

ing form indicat- I 

ing the presence of I 

nitrogen; as, azo- [ 

benzene: often 

used separately; I 

as. the azo com- | 

a-zo'Ic, 1 e-zo'ik; 2 [ 

a-z6'i«. I. ft. With- I 

out life; without J 

organic remains.&s 1 

fossils. II. n. Oeol. | 

Tho azoic age. 
ax'ote, 1 aiot; 2 

az'Ot, n. Chem. Nitrogen: old name. 
Ax'ra-el, 1 az'n-el: 2 as'ra-el. n. The angel 

of death: so called by Mohammedans. 
ax'ure, 1 a^ur; 2 azh'ur. I. a. Like the 

blue of the sky; sky-blue; cloudless; spot- 
less. II. n. 1. A clear sky-blue color or 

pigment. 2. The clear sky; the blue 

vault of heaven. 
ax'ym, n az'im; 2 az'ym, n. The 
ax'yme, J Jewish paschal loaf; unleavened 



B, b. 1 bl; 2 be, n. [bees, B's, or Bs, 1 bis; 
2 beg, pi] The second letter in tn» En- 
glish alphabet. 

baa, 1 ba: 2 b&. I. ri. To bleat as a 
sheep. II. n. The bleat of a sheep. 

bab'ble,U babl; 2 babl. I. vt. & vi. 

bab1 B , /[bab'bled. bab'ld*; bab'bung.] 
To utter unintelligibly; utter inarticulate 

sounds; tell thoughtlessly; murmur, as a 
stream; prattle. II. n. 
The rippling sound of a 

stream; prattle; gossip.— 

bafbler, n. 
babe, 1 beb; 2 bab, n. 

An infant; baby. 
fiafttl, 1 bS'bel; 2 ba' 

Wl, n. 1. The tower 
described in Gen. xi, 9; Baboon. y« 
also, Babylon. 2. [b- or B-] Confusion of 
many voices or languages; tumult. 

bab-oon', 1 bab-un'; 2 bab-don', n. A 
ferocious Old World monkey. See illus. 
in preceding column. 

ba'by, 1 be'bi: 2 ba'by. I. vt. [ba'bied; 
ba'bt-ing. J To treat as a baby ; play with. 
II. n. [ba'bies', pi.] A child in arms; 
an infant.— ba'by-bood, n. The period of 
Infancy; the condition of being a baby. — 
baT>y-Ish, a. Like a baby; infantile, 

Bab'y-lon, 1 bab'i-lan; 2 bab'y-lon, n. 1. An 
ancient splendid city, the capital of Baby* 
Ionia: now in ruins. 3. Any great city re- 
garded as a seat of luxury and vice. 

bac'cha-nal, l bakVnal; 2 b&e'a-nal, n. 
A votary of Bacchus; a drunken reveler. 
bac'chantt; bae'cbantet, 1 bak'ent, 2 
bae'ant (fern.) - bac" cha-nall-a, 1 bak'e- 
nSOi-s; 2 bae'a-ni'll-a, n. pi. 1. [B-] Rom. 
Antiq. A festival of Bacchus. 2. Drunken 
revelries: orgies.— bac^cha-nall-an. I. a. 
Of or like bacchanalia. II. n. A bacchanal. 

1 : artistic, flit ; fa t, tfre ; fito ; get, pity ; Mt, police ; ote^ 

t: are,ape,fat^are,fast,what,2U; me\get,pre.y,fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; i=e; gft,n6t,Ar, wdn. 

Digitized by VjjOOQ lC 


, 1 bak'us; 2 baVus, n. Or. A Rom. 
God of wine and of the drama. 1)1"- 
(-ny'sosj [Gr.]. 

eh'e-lor, 1 bacVi-ler; 2 bach'e-16r, n. 
1. An unmarried man. 2. One who has 
taken his first university degree. . 

to-rillus, 1 be-eil'us; 2 ba-cll'us, n. [ba- 
cil'li, 1 -oi; 2-1, pi.] A microscopic or- 
ganism; microbe. 

keck*, 1 bak; 2 b&k, v. 1. 1. 1. To force 
backward. %• To stand; uphold; sus- 
tain; support. 8. To mount; ride. 4. 
To address or indorse. II. i. To move 
rearward.— back'er, n. A supporter. 

back, a. 1. In the rear; behind. 2. Re- 
mote or retired. 3. In arrears; overdue; 
not paid; as, back pay. 

back, n. That side of the trunk nearest the 
spine, in man the hinder, in quadrupeds 
the upper part; the reverse or rear part of 

back, adv. To or toward the rear; be- 
hind; backward; In return; again.— back'- 
bite", vt. To revile or traduce behind one's 
back.— backlrit'er, n. A secret slanderer. 
— back'blflng , a. A n.— backbone", n. 
The spine or vertebral column; firmness; 
resolution.— background", n. The part of 
a picture which is represented as. behind the 
principal objects; a subordinate position; ob- 
scurity .— back / hand' f ed, a. 1. Delivered 
with the hand turned backward; equivocal; 
Ironical. 2. Sloping to the left, as writing.— 
back'slde", n. The rear or hinder side.— 
baek'sllde', vi. To relapse; apostatize.— 
baek'slld'er, n.- back'woods", n. Wild, 
sparsely settled districts.— baek'woods"- 
nua,n. [-men, pi.] 

back'gam"mon, 1 bak 'gam 'en; 2 bak'- 
gam on, n. A game played by two per- 
sons on a special board, the moves being 
determined t>y dice-throws. 

back'waid.lbak'werd; 2bak / ward,a. 1. 
Turned to the back or rear; reversed. 2. 
Retiring; bashful. 3. Slow; dull. 4. Late; 
behindhand. — back ' ward, adv. back '- 
wardst.— back'ward-ly, adv.— back'ward- 

ba'con, 1 be^ken; 2 b&'eon, n. The salted 
and dried or smoked flesh of the hog. 

bac-te'ri-um, 1 bak-tfn-om; 2 b&e-te'ri- 
um, n. A microscopic organism; microbe. 
— bae-te'rl-al, c— bae-te'rl-clde, n. An 
agent that destroys bacteria.— bac-te'ri- 
rid"al, a.— bac-te*rI-ol'o-gjr, n. The de- 
partment of science that treats of I *acteria. 

bad, 1 bad; 2 bad. I. a. [worse; worst.] 
Opposite to oood; vicious; wicked; de- 
ficient; incorrect: worthless; unfortunate; 
disagreeable. II. n. 1. That which is 

bad; those who are bad. 2. A bad state , 
or condition, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

bad(es, lbad; 2 bad, imp. of bid, o. 

badge, 1 baj ; 2 badg, n. A token or deco- 
ration, for persecute; bait. 

badg'er, 1 baj'er; 2 b&dg'er, vt. To worry 

badg'er, n. A small, burrowing, nocturnal, 
and carnivo- 
rous mammal. 

ba"dl-nage', 1 
ba'di-naV ; 
Playful rail- j 
lery; banter. 

baffle, )1 baf'l; 

bafl p , J 2 bafl, 

vt. [baf'fled, American Badger. Vu 
bap'ld p ; baf'fling.] To defeat, foil, or 
frustrate; circumvent. 

bag, 1 bag; 2 bag. I. vt. & vi. [bagged, 
baod 8 ; bag'ging.] 1. To put into a bag; 
capture or kill, as game. 2. To fill out like 
a Sag; swell; bulge; sag. IL n. 1. A 
sack or pouch; the udder of a cow. 2. 
What a bag will hold;' game bagged. 

— bag'gy,a. Like a bag; loose; bulging. 
bag"a-teiae*, l bag'e-tel'; 2 bagVteT, n. 

1. A trifle. 2. Games. A modification of 

bag'gage, 1 bag'ij : 2 b&g'ag, n. 1. [U. S.) 
The trunks, packages, etc.. of a traveler; 
luggage. 2. An army's movableequipment. 

bag'ging, 1 bag'm; 2 baling, n. 1. The 
putting into bags. 2. Material for mak- 
ing bags. 

bag 'pipe, 1 bag'poip; 2 bafplp, n. A 
Scotch musical wind-instrument.— bag'plp"- 
er, n. 

ball 1 , 1 bel ; 2 bal, vt. To admit to bail ; set 
free^ftn bail; also, to become surety for. 

— ban-ee f , n. One who receives personal 
property in trust.— ball'or, n. One who de- 
livers personal property in trust; one who 

eves bail for another, ball'erj.— ball'a- 
l(e», a. Admitting of baU. 
ball*, vt. To provide with a bail or handle. 
ball*, vt. & vt. 1. To dip out, as water. 

2. To clear of water by dipping it out. 
ball 1 , n. Law. 1. One who becomes sure- 
ty iot another. 2. The security given or 
agreed upon. 3. Release, or privilege of 
release, on security for future appearance. 

ball 1 , n. The handle of a pail. 

ball*, n. 1. A division in a stable. 2. 
Cricket. One of the crosspieces of the 
wicket. [magistrate. 

balUfCr, 1 beTif; 2 bftlif, n. A local 

ballk-wlck, 1 be'h-wik; 2 b&'li-wlk, n. The 
office, jurisdiction, or district of a bailiff. 

1* a a final; inhabit; aisle; an = out; ell; IQ = fstcd;diin; go; T} = s\ng; thin, this. 
*: wolf, do.; babk, boot; full, rale, cure, but, burn; 611, bdjr; go, gem; iok; thin. this. 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


.talrn, lbflrn;2barn,n. [Soot.] A child. 
baltf, 1 b«t; # 2 bat, v. I. t. 1. To put a 

bait on or in. 2. To feed while resting. 

8. To torment, as by setting dogs upon; 

harass; worry. II. i. To stop for rest 

and refreshment. 
' bait, n. 1. Anything used to allure a fish 

or other animal. 2. A luncheon. 
bftlse, 11 bes; 2 b&s, n. A napped woolen 
ball*, J fabric used as for table-covers. 
bake, 1 bfik; 2 bak, vt. & vi. [baked; 

bax/enII; bak'ing.] To cook or become 

cooked by dry and continued heat ; vitrify 

by heat, as bricks; do the work of baking. 

— bak'er, a. One who bakes and sells bread, 

cake, etc.— bak'er-y, n. 1-ebs», pl.1 A place 

for baking bread, cake, etc.— baking, n. 

The act of baking; the quantity baked. 
bal'ance, l bal'ans; 2 baTiinc. T vi. A. vi. 

[bai/axced; bal'- 


into or be in equilib- 
rium; poise. 2, 
adjust or 
justed, as an 
S. To offset. _. _ 
weigh; deliberate; I 
ponder; hesitate. II. | 
n. 1. A pair of scales 
or other instrument 
for weighing. 2. The 
act of balancing. 3. A Balance. 

The being in equilibrium; equipoise. 4. 
Equality of debit and credit; also, the 
difference or excess on either side; re- 
mainder; surplus, 6. The balance-wheel 
of a watch. 

bal'co-ny, l balTco-ni; 2 bal'eo-ny, n. 
f-NiEs» pi.] A projected 
balustrade platform before 
a window; a tier oi 

bald, 1 bold; 2 bald, a. Des- 
titute of hair or other natural 
covering; bare; unadorned. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

bal'der-dash, l bel'dE>r-dash; 
2 bal'der-dash, n. An empty 
and pretentious flow of 

bale, 1 bSl;2bal,ttf. [baled; . _, . 
BAL'iNo.JTomakeintoabale. A B «<»ay- 

bales n. A pack of goods prepared for 

bale 1 !!, n. Calamity; ruin; sorrow: wo.— bale'- 
ful, a. Hurtful; malign; malignant; perni- 
cious.— baleTul-ly, adv. 

balk*, ) 1 bek; 2 bak, v. I. t. To disap- 

baulk, / point; thwart; frustrate. II. i. 

To stop and refuse to 

a. Disposed to balk. 
balk. In. 1. An. obstruction; hindrance;, 
baulk, J disappointment; defeat. 2. A 

failure; miss; blunder. 8. A stop; feint. 
ball, 1 bel; 2 bal, vt. & vi. To form into a. 

ball or balls.— ball bearing, a bearing, a* 

of an axle, that turns upon small steel balls:: 

used also adjectively. 
balls ». Any round or spherical body; s> 

game played with a ball. /ing. 

ball*, n. An evening assembly for dano- 
ballad, 1 bal'sd; 2 bal'ad, n. Any popular 

narrative poem. 
ballast, 1 bal'est; 2 bal'ast. I<1. vt. To- 

supply with ballast ; steady. II. n. Any 

heavy substance in the hold of a vessel 

to steady it; solid filling for a railroad*' 

ballet, 1 bal'S; 2 bfil'e, n. A dance by - 

women on the stage; also, the dancers** 

baMoon', 1 ba-lfin': 2 ba-I6on' n. A bag 

inflated with a light gas so that it rises- 

and floats In the air.— baMoonlst, n. One- 

who navigates a balloon; an aeronaut. 
ballot, lbal'dt; 2 b&l'ot. Id. «. To vote 

by ballot. II. n. 1. A written or 

Srinted ticket or a little ball for voting. 
. The voting secretly by balls or tick- 
ets; number of votes so cast. 

bairn, 1 bam; 2 bam. I. vt. To anoint, as- 
with balm. II. n. 1. A soothing appli- 
cation. 2. An aromatic resin; balsam; 
also, a tree or shrub that yields balm. 
— balm'y, a. 1. Fragrant; aromatic. t~ 
Healing; soothing; mild. 

bal'sam, 1 bel'sam; 2 bal'sam, n. 1. An. 

/ aromatic, oily prep- 
aration used for 
healing; balm. 2. 
An aromatic resin, 
or the tree that 
yields it; also, 
flowering plant. 

bal'us-ter, 1 bal'us-'J 
ter; 2 bal'fis-ter, n. 
One of a set of small ' 
pillars that support 
a hand-rail' and 
form with the hand* 
rail a balustrade.— 
bal"as-trade', 1 bal'- 
us-tr6d': 2 bal "As- 
trad', n. A hand-rail 

bam-boo', 1 bam-bu'; 2 bam-boo', n. A 
tall tree-like grass, its stem, wood, leaf, or 
fiber, or any article made from it. 

Bum l »ck>. 

by balus- o. section of thortwn a*. 
a nod*. 

1 : artistic, Art; fat, fire ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, go ; net,er ^fall, rOle ; but, bOrn* 
2: Krt,ape,fat^ar^fa8t,wh»t,ftll;m«,get,pr£y,fern; nit,Ice;I=6;i*e;go t ndt,6r, w6n^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

%an, 1 ban; 2 ban. I* vt. A vi. [bannbd, 

bawd*; ban'ning.] To place under a ban; 

anathematise; issue a ban. IL n. 1. A 

proclamation; a sentence of outlawry; 

excommunication; oath; curse. 2. pi. 

An announcement of intention to marry. 
1>a-nan'a, 1 bs-nan'e or be-nft'ne; 2 ba- 

n&n'a or ba-na'na, n. The fruit of a large 

herbaceous tropical plant; also, the plant, 

»»nd, 1 band ;2 band. I d . vt 1. To bind; 

unite. 2. To stripe. II. n. 1. A bond; 

aflat flexible strip used for binding. 2. A 

company, as of musicians. 
tand'age, 1 band'ih 2 band'ag. I. et. 

tAGBD; -AG-iXG.] To put a bandage on. 
Ln. A strip, as of soft cloth, used in 
dressing wounds, etc.; any band. 

ban-dan'na, 1 ban-dan'a; 2 ban-dan'a, n. 
A large, bright-colored handkerchief with 
spots or figures, ban-dan'at. 

band'box", 1 band'beka'; 2 band'boks', 
n. A light round box as for carrying 

fc»n'<llt,lban'dit;2ban'dit,n. [BAN'oraor 
BAN-on / Ti, plA A highwayman; brigand. 

ten'dy, 1 ban'di; 2 ban'dy, «<. [ban'died; 
bajtdy-ing.] To exchange, as words, 
blows, etc; knock or pass to and fro. 

ban'dy, a. Crooked outward at the 
knees.- ban'dy Pegged", l -legd'; 2 -legd\ 
a. Bow-legged. 

ban'dy, n. [ban'oies*. pi] 1. Hookey. 
%• A hockey-stick. 

bane, 1 ben; 2 ban, n. Anything noxious; 
a scourge; disease: poison.— baneTnl, a. 
Noxious; poisonous; deadly. Ay 9 adv. 

bang 1 , 1 bag; 2 bang, vt. & si. To strike 
with a heavy sound; knock; beat. 

bang*, st. To cut straight across, as the 
front hair. [whack, or explosion, 

p, n. A sudden or noisy blow, thump, 
p, n. Front hair cut straight across. 
m*M^t adv. With a violent blow or loud 
and sudden noise; - abruptly. 

ban 'Inn, ) 1 ban'yen; 2 b&n'y&n, n. An 

ban 'yan. j East-Indian tree, which sends 
down from its branches roots that de- 
velop into accessory trunks; Indian fig. 

ba*lghSlban / isli;2ban'iah,iie. To expel 
from one's country; drive away; exile. 
— ban1sb-ment,n. Exile; expulsion. 

banls-ter, 1 ban'is-ter; 2 ban'is-ter, n. 1. 
A baluster. 2. pi. A balustrade: a cor- 

ban'Jo, 1 ban'jo; 2 b&n'jo, ». A musical in- 
strument of the guitar class. See ilhis. 
in next coram*. 

bank", 1 bank; 2 bank. L vt. k vi. To 

A Banjo. 


make into a bank; shelter under a bank; 
form banks. IL n. 1. A long acclivity; 
a rising, 
ground. 2. ' 
The land 
at the edge 
of a water- 
course. 8. A shallow; shoal. 

— banking 1 , n. The form- 
ing of a ridge or mound; 
an embankment. 

bank", i. vt. & vt. To 
deposit in a bank; do 
business as or with a bank or banker. II* 
n. An institution for lending, borrowing, 
Issuing, or caring for money.— bank'a* 
bl(e p , a. Receivable by a bank.— bank'er, 
a. One engaged ln banking.— banking*, 
n. The business of a bank or banker. 

— bank' mote", n. 1. A promissory note 
Issued by abank. 2. Anotepayableata bank. 

bankrupt, 1 bank'rupt; 2 b&nk'rapt. Id. 
st. To make bankrupt. IL a. Un- 
able to pay one's debts; insolvent. III. 
n. A person unable to pay his debts. 

— banlr-rapt-cy,n. hens', pi.) The state 
of being bankrupt; failure; Insolvency. 

ban'ner, 1 ban'sr; 2 b&n'£r. n. A eloth 
bearing a device.suspended from a pole by 
a cross-bar; any flag or standard. 

ban'nls-ter, n. Same as banister. 

ban'quet, 1 barj'kwet; 2 b*n'kw«t. I<>. vt. 
& m. To feast richly. IL n. A sumptu- 
ous feast. 

bans, banns, J. bans; 2 bang, n. pi. of bar. 

ban'tam, 1 ban'tam; 2 ban'tam, n. A 
breed of small domestic fowl. 

ban'ter, 1 ban'ter; 2 ban'ter. L st. To 
make sport of; joke. IL n. Good* 
humored ridicule. 

bant Hug. 1 bantlin; 2 bantling, n. A 
young child; infant; youth. 

ban'yan, n. Same as banian. 

ban*sa-IMban'sa-r ;2bta"sc-l\f»tetf, [Jap.! 
Ten thousand years: the equivalent of "long 
live the Emperor I " 

bap-tlse', vt. & vi. Same as baptixb. 

bap'tism, 1 bap'tism; 2 bap'tism, n. The 
act of bap tiling; the sacramental use of 
water in acknowledgment of consecra- 
tion to Christ.— bap-tte'mal, a. Pertaining 
to baptism. 

Bap'tist, 1 bap'tist; 2 bap'tist, n. One 
holding that the only valid baptism is 
the immersion of a believer; originally, 
one who baptises. 

bap'tis-ter-y, 1 1 bap'tis-tsr-i, -In; 2 b&p'- 

bap'tis-tiy, jtis-tfir-y, -try, a. I-tbb- 
iaa», -tbieb*, pl.\ A reservoir or place in a 
church, for baptising, as by immersion. 

U •■* final; ■ « habit; aisle; an a out; all; W = fsad; ASn; go; n=sln^; €hln, this, 
* wnttdfS bflbk, bdbt; full, rule, care, but,b<krn; Ml, boy; to, ftem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ L€ 


ban-time', 1 bap-taiz'; 2 b&p-tfs', vt. 6 vi. 
1-tozed'; -tiz inqiJ To administer bap- 
tism to; administer baptism; christen; 
name; consecrate; dedicate, bap-tlse't. 

bar, 1 bar; 2 bar. I. vt. [barbed, babd b ; 
bar' ring.] 1. To close; obstruct; pro- 
hibit; except. 2. To mark with bars. 
II. n. 1. A long, solid strip, as of wood 
or iron; rail; barrier; obstruction; a 
bank, as of sand in a harbor. 2. An 
enclosed place in a court-room; a court of 
justice; the legal profession. 3. A count- 
er where liquors are sold. 4. A stripe. 
6. Mus. The vertical line that divides a 

barb, 1 barb: 2 barb, vt. To provide with 
a barb; make cutting. 

barb*, n. A back ward -projecting point, 
as on a fish-hook, etc. 

barb*, n. A horse of the breed brought by 
the Moors from Barbary into Spam. 

bar'ba-rous, 1 baVbe-rus; 2 baVba-ros, 
a. Pertaining to or like a barbarian; 
uncultivated; rude; cruel; brutal; sav- 
age, -ly, adv. -ness, n — bar-ba'ri-an, l 
bor-Wri-en; 2 bar-ba'ri-an. I. a. Uncivil- 
ized; cruel; barbarous. II. n. An uncivilized, 
coarse, or rude person; anciently, a foreigner. 

— bar-baric, 1 bar-bar'ik; 2 bar-bar'le, a. 
Rudely splendid, striking, or picturesque.— 
bar'ba-rfsm, l bSr'bd-rizm; 2 bar'ba-rtsm, 
n. 1. The condition of a people between 
savagery and civilization; rudeness. 2. A 
foreign or disapproved word or idiom.— bar- 
barf-ty, 1 bar-barVta; 2 bar-bar'1-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] Brutal or barbarous conduct; a 
barbarous deed. 

bar'be-cue, )1 baVbi-kiu; 2 baVbe-cu. 

barnba-cue, J I. vt. [-cued; -cu'ing.1 To 
roast whole. II. n. An animal roasted 
whole as an ox. *^ 

bar1>er. 1 barker: 2 baVbSr, n. One who 
cuts the hair, shaves the beard, etc 

bard, 1 bard; 2 bard, n. A Celtic minstrel; 
any poet. 

bare 1 , 1 bar; 2 bar, vt. [bared; bar'ing.] 
To lay bare; strip; reveal; expose. 

bare 1 !, imp. of bear, v. 

bare, a. 1. Uncovered; naked; empty; un- 
sheathed. 2. Scanty; simple: mere. 3. 
Manifest; undisguised. — bare'faeed'% a. 
Undisguised; Impudent; audacious.— bare' - 
foot", a. &, adv. With the feet bare.— bare'- 
ly, adv. Only just; scarcely; boldly; plainly. 

— bare' ness, n. 

bar/gain, 1 bar'gin: 2 bar'gin. I. vt. & vi. 
To trade; negotiate; stipulate. II. n. 
A mutual agreement, or that which is 
agreed upon; an advantageous transac- 
tion; an article low in price. 

barge, 1 barj; 2 b&rg, n. A flat-bottomed 
freight-boat; a large boat for excursions. 

barl-tone, n. Same as barytone. 

bark", 1 bark; 2 bark, vi. To utter a bark, 
as a dog. 

bark", vt. 1. To scrape bark off; girdle. 
2. To abrade the skin of. 

bark 1 , n. A short, abrupt, explosive sound* 
as of a dog. [plant. 

bark*, n. The covering of a tree or other 

bark*, n. A three-masted vessel, square* 
rigged except for the mizzenmast, which 
is fore-and-aft rigged; in poetical use, any 
vessel, barque*. |[U. S.J A bartender. 

bar'keep'er, 1 bar , kfp"er; 2 bar'kep'er, n. 

barley, 1 borOi; 2 Sar'ly, n. A hardy, 
bearded grain. 

barm, 1 barm; 2 barm, n. The froth rising 
on fermented malt liquors; brewers' yeast. 

barn, 1 barn; 2 barn, n. A storehouse for 
hay, etc. 

bar'na-cl(e p , lbar'ne-kl; 2 b&r'na-el, n. A 
shell-fish found attached to rocks, ships, 

ba-rom'e-ter, 1 be-rem'i-ter; 2 ba-rttm'e- 
ter, n. An instrument for indicating 
atmospheric pressure: used for foretelling 
the weather, etc. — bar^o-mefrlc, a. 
bar"o-met'rI-ca It.— bar"o-met'rl- 
cal-ly, ad v.— ba-rom'c-try, n. Scientific 
calculation of the tension and pressure of 
the air. 

bar 'on, 1 bar' en; 2 bar'on. n. A member 
of the lowest order of nobility in several 
European countries. — bar'on-ess, n. fenu 
— ba-ro'Di-al, a.— bar'on-y, n. l-nss, pi.) 
The rank, dignity, or domain of a baron. 

bar'on-et, 1 bar'en-et; 2 b&r'on-et, n. An 
English title, below that of baron; also, 
the bearer of the title.— bar'on-et-cy. «. 
[-ciES, pl.] The rank of a baronet, baron- 

ba-rouche'. 1 be-rusV; 2 ba-ruch', n. A 
four-wheeled carriage with folding top. 

bar'rack, 1 bar'ek; 2 bar'ak, 
ing for the lodgment of 
soldiers; a roof for shelter- 
ing hay, etc. 

bar'rel, 1 bar'el; 2 bar'el. 

I. vt. [bar'reled or BAR- 

To put or pack in a barrel. * 

II. n. 1. A round vessel, ' 
made with staves and Hay-barrack, 
hoops, about 31 inches high. 2. As 
much as a barrel will hold. 3. Some- 
thing like a barrel, as the tube of a fire- 
arm, the body of an animal, etc 

A build- 

1: artistic, art ; fat, fire ; fort ; get, prey ^ 

l:Mrt,ape,fat,fare,fa8t,what,j|U; me\gSt,prry,fern; hTt,Ice;I=e;i=e;gfl,ndt,Or,wOn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


bar'ren, 1 bai/en; 2 haVen. I. a. Sterile: 
unproductive; dull. II. n. A tract of 
barren land, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ba^ri-cade%J^arVk€d':2bar'i-kad\ I. 
irf. [-cad'ed**; -cad'ing.] To defend with 
a barricade. II. n. A defensive barrier 
closing a passage, bar"rl-ca'do|. 

bar'ri-er, 1 barVar; 2 b&r'i-er, n. Some- 
thing that obstructs progress; a bound- 
ary; obstruction. 

bar'rls-ter, 1 bar'is-ter; 2 bar'is-ter. n. 
Eng. Jjovo. An advocate; lawyer; attorney. 

bar 'room", 1 baVrum"; 2 bar'room", n. A 
room where Hquor3 and refreshments are 
served. [vehicle propelled by hand. 

bar 'row 1 , 1 baKo; 2 bar'o, n. A small 

bartow*, n. A burial-mound; cairn; heap. 

bar'tend'er, 1 bar'tend'er; 2 bar'tend'er, 
n. One who serves liquors, etc., at a bar. 

bar'ter, 1 boVtdr; 2 bar'ter. I. vt & vi. 
To exchange; trade by exchange of com- 
modities. II. n The exchanging of com- 
modities, or a commodity given in ex- 

bar 'y- tone, l bar'i-t6n; 2 bar'y-tdn. I. 
a. Mus. Having a register higher than 
bass and lower than tenor. II. n. Mus. 
A barytone male voice, or a person 
having such a voice. 

ba'sal, 1 bS'sal; 2 ba'sal, a. Pertaining to, 
of, or at the base; fundamental. 

ba-salt', 1 be-selt'; 2 ba-sajt', n. A dark- 
colored igneous rock, often of columnar 
structure.— ba-salt'ic, a. 

base, 1 bea; 2 bas, vt. [based; bab'ino.] 
To place upon a base or basis; establish. 

base, a. 1. Low; ignoble; abject. 2. Mus. 
Bass. -ly, adv. -ness, n.— base'«born'% 
a. Born out of wedlock; also, of low birth; 

base, n. 1. The lowest part; foundation. 
2. Mus. Bass. 3. Chem. A compound 
capable of forming a salt with an acid. 
4. Mil. A basis of operations or of sup- 
plies.— baseless, a. Without foundation; un- 
founded; groundless.— base'ment, n. The 
ground floor of a building, beneath the prin- 
cipal story. 

base 'bail", 1 bcVbel'; 2 bfts'bal". n. A game 
playea with bat and ball about four bases. 

ba-thaw', l be-snS'; 2 ba-eba/,n. See p ash aw. 

bash'ful, 1 basn'ful; 2 bash'ful, a. Shrink- 
ing from nottoe; shy; timid, -ly, adv. 
-ness, a. [to, or like a base. 

•m'fdc, 1 b€'sik; 2 ba'sie, a. Of, pertaining 

.feasl-llsk. lbas'i-lisk; 2 b&s'i-llsk, n. 1. 
A fabled deadly serpent. 8. A crested 

ba 'sin, 1 b€'sn ; 2 bfi'sn, n. A shallow vessel, 


loping s " " 
a pond; dock; hollow. 

ba'sls, 1 be'sis; 2 ba'sis, n. [ba'ses, be'slz; 
2 ba/sf§, jrt.). A support; foundation; 
chief ingredient. [as in warmth. 

bask*, 1 busk; 2 bask, vi. To luxuriate, 

bas/ket, 1 bas'ket; 2 bas'kSt, n. 1. A 
vessel of interwoven twigs, splints, or 
strips. 2. What a basket will hold, basltet- 
fulj. — bas'ket*ball", n. A game some- 
what resembling football, but without Its 

bas"<re-lief, 1 ba"-n-llf; 2 ba'-re-lgf, n. 
Sculpture in which the figure projects but 
slightly from the background. bass"*re- 
llePt* [or compass. 

bass, l bes; 2 bas, a. Mm. Low in tone 

bass 1 , lbas; 2 bas, n. One of various food* 

bass 1 , 1 bes; 2 bas, n. Mut. The lowest 
tones of the male voice or of an Instrument. 

bass 1 , 1 bus; 2 bas, n. Same as basswood. 

bas-soon', 1 ba-siin'; 2 ba-soon', n. A 
wooden reed-instrument with curved 

bas'soTi-lle'vo, l ba'so*rWy€'vo; 2 ba"so*rt- 
lye/vo, n. Same as bas«rbliep. 

bass vl'ol,l bes vai'el; 2basvI'ol. A large 
stringed instrument of the violin type. 

bass' wood " ? 1 bos'wud"; 2 bas'wdod', n. 
The American linden- or whitewood-tree. 

bast, 1 bust; 2 bast, n. The fibrous inner 
bark of trees; also, cordage, etc., made 
from it. 

bas'tard, 1 bas'tard; 2 bas'tard. I. a. 
Illegitimate; spurious. II. n. An illegit- 
imate child.— bas'tard-y, n. Illegitimacy. 

baste 1 , 1 best; 2 bast, vt. [bast'ed< 1 ; 
bast'ing.] To sew loosely together. 

baste*** vt. To cover with gravy or the 
like while cooking. 

bas'tl-na'do, 1 bas'ti-nS'do; 2bas'ti-na'- 
do. I. vt. To beat on the soles of the 
feet; flog, bas'tl-nade'i. II. n. A 
beating on the soles qf the feet. 

bas'tlon, 1 bas'dian; 2 bas'chon, n. A 
projecting part of a fortification. 

bat, 1 bat: 2 bat 5 vt. & vi. [BAT / TED d ; 
bat'tino.J To strike with or as with a bat. 

bat 1 , n. A stick for striking the ball in 
baseball, cricket, etc. ^ 

bat 1 , n. A nocturnal 
mammal with limbs 
connected by a mem- 
brane to form wings. 

batch, Ubadh; 2 bach, 

baehr, J n. The dough 

for one baking, or the bread, etc., baked; 
quantity made or done at one time. 



!; a = final; l = habit; aisle; OH ^ otct; ell; 10 = f«ud; «hin; go; q = sing; Chin, this, 
8: wel£,dQ; btfbk, trfbt; full, rule, c«kre, bui,barn; 411, bo>; to, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 

MM re^^K?^ lS^==a<g Kipfeiisgw 

nil SiRliP 

' 'mfm 

Lvfo 1. g St 


Common American Babks.— I. 

1. Bass wood. 2. White elm. 3. White cedar. 4. White oak. 5. Box-elder. 0. Yellow 
birch. 7. Sweet cherry. 8. Red maple. 9. Black walnut. 10. Horse-chestnut. 11. Red pine. 
12. White ash. 


by Google 

Common American Barks.— II. 

1. Brittle willow. 2. Shagbark hickory. 3. Honey-locust. 4. Chestnut. 5. Blue beech. 6. 
White spruce. 7. Great laurel. 8. Wlch-haxel. 9. Persimmon. 10. Fragrant crab. 11. Hemlock. 
12. r 


by Google 


becalm # 

bate, 1 bet; 2 bat, vt. [bat'ed*; bat'ino.) 

1. To lessen; moderate; abate. 2. To 

ba-teau', 1 bo-td'; 2 ba-t5', n. {bateaux', 
1 -tda'; 2 -toY, pi.) A flat-bottomed boat; 
a pontoon for a bridge. 

bath, 1 bafli; 2 bath, n. A bathing; a 
building, room, or receptacle for bathing. 

bathe. 1 bSth; 2 bath, r. [bathed; bath'- 
ing.j I. t. To wash or immerse; wet; 
lave. II. t. To take a bath.— bath'er, n. 

ba'thos, 1 be'thes; 2 ba'thos, n. A ridic- 
ulous descent from the lofty to the com- 
monplace in discourse. 

bat 'on, 1 bat' an; 2 b&t'on, n. A short 
staff or rod. 

bats 'man, 1 bats'men; 2 b&ts'man, n. 


bat-tallon, 1 ba-tal'yen; 2 ba-tai'yon, n. 

Two or more companies of infantry; a 

body of troops. 
bat'ten*, 1 bat'n; 2 bat'n, vt. & vi. To 

make or grow fat; gratify a craving, as for 

bat'ten*, vt. To put battens on. 
bat' ten, n. A narrow strip of wood; a cleat. 
tot'ter, 1 bat' er; 2 barer, tt. & vi. To 

strike repeatedly; beat; dent; mar; deface. 
bat'teri, n. A thick liquid mixture beaten 

up for use in cookery. 
bat'ter*, n. A heavy blow; also, repeated 

blows, ortheconditionresultingfromthem. 
bat'ter*, n. One who uses the bat, as in 

baseball, bats'man$. 
bat'ter-lng»ram", 1 bat'er-in-ram"; 2 

bat'Sr-ing-ram", n. A long beam. 

with heavy head, anciently used 

to beat down gates and walls. 
bat'ter-y, 1 bat'er-i; 2 bat'Sr-y, 

n. [-ies», pl.\ 1. Mil. (1) 

An earthwork enclosing 

cannon. (2) A company 

of artillerymen or their Battcrmg . ram . 

guns and other equipment. *»*» lWM1 * 11M1 *' 

2. Elec. A group of cells, dynamos, etc. 
8. Law. The unlawful use of force by 
one person upon another. 

bat'tlng, 1 bat'in ; 2 bat'ing, n. Cotton or 
wool prepared m sheets; also, the act of 
batting in any sense of the verb. 

bat 'tie, ) 1 bat'l; 2 bat'l. I.w. (bat'tl(e)d*; 

batftl*, J bat'tling.1 To fight; struggle; 
strive. II. n. 1. A combat between hostile 
armies or fleets; a fight; conflict; contest. 
2| . Arms, or an armed force. 

bat'tle-dore, 1 bat'l-d5r; 2 batl-ddr.n. A 
light bat used to drive a shuttlecock. 

bat'tle-ment, 1 bat'1-ment or -ment; 2 
b&t'l-ment, n. An indented parapet. 


bau'MCe*, 1 be'bl; 2 ba/bl, n. A worthless, 
showy trinket; toy; wand of a court jester. 

baulk, v. A n. Same as balk. 

bawl, 1 bel; 2 baj, vt. & vi. To cry or wail 

bay, 1 b€ ; 2 ba, vt. & vi. To bark at ; drive; 
bark hoarsely. 

bay, a. Red -brown: said of horses. 

bay 1 , n. 1. A body of water partly en- 
closed by land; an arm of the sea. 2. 
Any recess. 8. A coarse mahogany. 

bay*,n. 1. Thejaurel-tree. bay'-tree"$. 
2. A laurel-wreath; poetic renown. 

bays, n. A bay horse. 

bays n. 1. A deep bark, as of dogs in 
hunting. 2. The situation of a hunted 
creature compelled to turn on its pursuers. 

bay>, n. 1« A large space in a barn for hay. 
2* A compartment or division between 
piers or columns. 

bay'ber"ry, 1 be'ber'i; 2 baT>er"y. n. One 
of various trees, as the wax-myrtle or the 

bay'o-net, lb6'o-net;2ba'o-ngt. I<*.t*. To 
stab or charge with a bayonet. II. n. A 
dagger-like weapon attachable to the muz- 
zle of a musket. 

bay 'oil, 1 bai'Q; 2 bfu, n. A sluggish inlet 
or outlet of a lake or bay. 

baywln'dow. Arch. A projecting window- 
structure of angular plan, reaching to the 

ba-zaar', )1 be-saV; 2 ba-sar', n. 1. An 

ba-xar', /Oriental market-place or range 
of shops. 2. A fancy fair for charity. 

be, 1 bl; 2 b6, vi. To exist; happen. 

be-, prefix. By; near; on; about. .Re- 
forms numerous compounds which are 
readily understood by combining the 
meaning of the prefix with that of the 
second element; as, oenumb, betimes. 

beach, lblch; 2b§ch, lKvt. To run or haul 
up on a beach. II. n. The sloping shore 
of a body of water; a wave- washed margin. 

bea'con, 1 bPkan; 2 be'eon. 
I. vt. & vi. To light up; shine; 
guide by a light. It. n. A 
prominent object, set up as a 
guide or warning to mariners; 
a signal-fire or -light. 

bead, 1 bid; 2 bed. Id. vt. & 
vi. To decorate with or as 
with beads; collect in beads; 
bubble ; foam ; sparkle. II. aj _, 
1. A little perforated sphere. Beacon, 
or the like, intended to be strung on a 
thread. 2. pi. A rosary; hence, prayers. 

1 : artistic, firt; fat, fire; fast ; get, prty; hit, pol^ 

2: Srt,ai>e,fa^fare,fast,what,jfcll; me,g£t,pr$y,fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; i=e;g6,ndt,0r, w*n, 

Digitized by V^jOOQLC 


3. A bubble or bubbles of gas on a liquid; 
froth; a knob used as the front sight of 
a gun. 4. A small convex molding.— 

bea'dKe', 1 bl'dl; 2 b§'dl, n. [Eng.] A petty 
parish or university official; a crier or 
messenger of a court. 

bea'gl(e*, 1 bl'gl; 2 be'gl, n. 1. A small 
hunting-hound. 2* A constable. 

beak, 1 blk; 2 b€k, n. The projecting jaws 
of a bird ; bill ; also, the prow of a ship. 

beak'er, 1 blk'er; 2 bek'Sr, n. A large 

beam, .1 blm; 2 bem, v. 1. 1. 1. To send 
out as rays of light. 2. To furnish with 
beams. 3. To burnish. II. t. To shine; 
be radiant.— beaming, jw. Radiant; bright; 

beam, n. 1. A long horizontal piece of 
wood, stone, or metal in the frame of a 
building. 2. The bar of a balance. 3. 
A ray of light, or a group of rays.— beam'y, 
1 blm'i: 2 bem'y. a. 1. Radiant; joyous; 
gladsome. 2. like a beam; massive. 

bean, 1 bin; 2 ben, n. The oval edible seed 
of certain plants; a plant that bears beans. 

bear 1 , 1 bar; 2 bar, vt. & vi. [bore or 
babbII ; borne or born ; bear'ing.] 1. To 
support at rest; sustain. 2. To support in 
motion; carry. 3. To show; display; ex- 
hibit. 4. To suffer; endure; hold; main- 
tain. 6. To produce; give birth to; yield 
fruit. 6. To conduct (oneself) ; behave. 

— bear'a-bl(e p , a. Capable of being borne. 

— bear'a-My, ad ».— bear'er, n. One who 
or that which bears or has In possession. 

— bear'ing, n. 1. The act of sustaining, 
producing, etc 3. Deportment; manner. 
3. Relation; meaning. 4. A part (of a ma- 
chine) that rests on something, or on which 
something rests. 6. A heraldic device. 

bear*, vt. [U. S.J Finance. To depress the 

price of (stocks, etc.). 
bear, n. 1. A large carnivorous animal, 

with massive body and short 

tail. 2. A speculator who 

seeks to depress 

prices. 3. One of 

two constella- 
tions: the Great 

Bear or little 

Bear. See Irsa 

Major, etc — 

bearish, a. uha 

a bear; rough; B&b*-, 

beSrif,' 1 bird; 2 Ainertom Black Bear. V.o 
herd. Id. vt. To take by the beard ; def v. 
II. n. The hair on a man's face, especially 
on the chin; also, any similar growth or 


appendage; an awn, as of grass; the barb 
of an arrow, etc.— beard'ed, a. Having a 
beard.— beardless, a. Without a beard; 
young; Inexperienced. 

beast, 1 blst; 2 best, n. 1. One of the in- 
ferior animals; a quadruped. 2. A rude 
or filthy person.— beast'ly, a. 

beat, 1 bit; 2 bet, v. [beat; beat'en or 
beat; beat'ing.] 1. 1. 1. To strike re- 
peatedly. 2. To excel; overcome; van- 
quish. 3. To range over in hunting. II. 
i. 1. To strike repeated blows; throb; 
pulsate. 2. Navt. To work up against 
the wind by tacking. 3. To conquer; win. 

beat, 1 bit; 2 bet, n. 1. A stroke or blow; 
a pulsation. 2. A space regularly trav- 
ersed, as by a sentry or a policeman. 

be-at'1-fy, 1 bi-at'i-fai: 2 be-at'i-fl, vt. 
[-fied ; -pt "inc.] To make supremely hap- 
py; enroll among the saints.— be"a-tif'ic, 

1 bl'd-tif'ik; 2 b8'a-tlf'ic, a. Imparting or 
expressing supreme happiness; blissful.— be- 
atl-fl-ca'tlon, 1 bi-at'i-fi-ke'shan; 2 bc- 
at'Ml-e&'shon, n. The act of blessing, or the 
state of being blessed. 

be-at'1-tude, 1 bi-at'i-tiud; 2 be-at'i-tud. 
n. Supreme blessedness; a declaration of 
blessedness, as in Matt, v, 3-11. 

bean, 1 bd; 2 bo, n. [beaus or beaux, 1 
bdz; 2 bog, pi.] 1. A ladies' man; a dandy, 
2. fColloq.t An escort or lover. 

beau'4-ae'al, 1 bo'-ai-dl'al; 2 b5'-I-d«'al, n. 
The highest conceivable type of excek 

beau'te-ous, > 1 bih'ti-us; 2 bu'te-fis, ov 

beu'te-ous p , J Full of beauty; beautiful. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

beau'ti-ful, ) 1 biQ'ti-ful; 2 bu'ti-ful, a. 

beu'tl-fal p , J Possessing conspicuous beau- 
ty; fair, -ly, adv.— beau'ti-fy, l blQ'ti-foi; 

2 bu'ti-tf, vt. A vl. 1-riED; -py'ino.! To 
make dr grow beautiful ; adorn. 

beau 'ty, T 1 biu'ti ; 2 bQ'ty, n. Jbe au'tieb", 
beu'ty p , | pi.] 1. That which charms the 

eye; harmonious perfection of form. 2. A 

Tv»r*on or thing that is beautiful. 
beaux, 1 box; 2 bos, n. Plural of beau. 
bea'YCf 1 ! 1 bl'ver; 2 be'ver, 

amphibious rodent » 

noted for skill in I 

damming streams, 1 

and valued for its! 

fur. 2* The fur of J 

the Twaver, or a hat I 

made of it; a high J 

pi Ik hat. 
bea'vcr*, B . A mov- 
able piueu of medieval armor covering the 

lower part of the face. 
be-calm', 1 bi-kam'; 2be-cam' f vt. To 

1: »s= final; is habit; aisle; mn = out; ell; 10 = feud: eliin; go; rj=sfn^; €hin, Gils. 
*: wolf, da; bobk, boot; fyll, rffle, cOre, ba^bftrn; 611, boy; fo, gem; ink; thin. this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


make calm; still; delay (a ship, etc.), by a 

calm. [Bacons, v. 

be-came', 1 hi-kenr*: t be-etaf, imp. of 
he-cause', 1 bi-keV; 2 be-eas/. I* adv. 

By reason (of). II. cory. For the reason 

that since, 
beck*, 1 bek; 2 b«k, *.&•*. To beckon. 
beck*, n. A nod or other sign of wish or 

command, [which it runs. 

becks n. A small brook, or the valley in 
beck'on, 1 bek'n; 2 beVn, v. I. t To 

summon by gesture. II. i. To signal, 

as with the hand. 
be-come', I 1 bi-kum'; 2 be-edm', v. [be- 
be-cnm^ (came'; be-comi/; BE-coM / rNa.] 

I. t. 1. To accord with; befit. 2. To 

set off; grace. II. i. 1. To come to a 

state or oondition; begin; come to pass. 

%• To be fit or suitable. 
be-comlng, \ 1 bi-kum'in; 2 be-edm'ing, 
be-comlng 1 *, J pa. Appropriate; suitable; 

pleasing. »ly, adv. . 
Becuue"rel' rays, 1 bek'rel'; 2 bee'reT. 

Invisible rays emitted by uranium and 

bed, 1 bed; 2 becl 1. i*. 4c vi. [bed'bed<*; 

bed'dingJ To put to bed ; plant in a bed ; 

sleep. II. n. 1. Something for sleeping 

in or on; a couch. 2. A place for plants; 

a layer; stratum; foundation or support. 

— bed'chanVber,*. A sleeping^oom. 

be-dab'ble,U bi-dab'l; 2 be-Gab% vt. 
be-dabl*, /.[-bled, -bld^ ~ 

sprinkle; splash; dabble. 

[-BLED, -BLD p J -BLINQ.] To 

be-daub', 1 bi-deV; 2 be-dab', *. To 
smear; soil; abuse; bedisen; flatter. 

bed'dlng, 1 bed'in; 2 bed'ing, n. Fur- 
nishings for a bedstead; materials for a 
bed; a foundation. 

bedeck'*, lbi-dek'; 2 be-dek',t>«. Todeck; 
adorn. [ten with or as with dew. 

be-dew', 1 bi-diQ'; 2 be-da', vt. To mois- 

be-dim', 1 bi-dim'; 2 be-dlm', vt. [be- 


make dim; obscure. 
be-dla'en, l bi-dis'n; 2 be-dls'n, vU To 

dress out; adorn with tawdry splendor. 

bed 1am, 1 bed'l em; 2 bedlam, n. An ex- 
' cited crowd ; an uproar; an insane asylum. 

— bedlam-lte, n. A lunatic. 
Bed 'oil-In, 1 bed'u-in; 2 bed'u-in, n. A 

nomadic Arab; nomad; vagabond. Bed'u-in t. 
be-drag'gle, \ 1 bi-drag'l; 2 be-drag'l, vt. & 
be-dragf*, / vi. [-qled, -old p ; -a lino.] 

To wet or soil, as by dragging. 
bed'rid"den,U bed'rid'n; 2 bed'rid'n, a. 
bed'rid"np, /Confined to bed by sick- 
ness or weakness, bed'rld"t. 

bed'roam", 1 bed'rttm'; 2 bed'room', n. 

A bedchamber. 
bed 'stead, ) 1 bed'sted; 2 bed'sted, a. A 
bed'sted*, f framework for supporting a 

mattress, bedding, etc. 
bee, 1 bf; 2 b$, n. 1. A social honey* 

gathering insect. 2. A gathering of neigh* 

bors or friends 

for work or amuse- 
ment. — bee ' hive", 

n. A hive for bees: 

a place ailed with \ 

busy workers.— 

bee* one, n. The 

shortest course from 

one place to an- , 


n. A forest tree of 

the oak family, 

with hard wood. 

— beech'en,a. Per- 
taining to the beech* 

tree or Its wood. — t^.^. m ^ A «_,•« a #.k« 

beechnut", n The Leav « ^^2* J f the 

edlbletrlangular nut, £**»*»& Beech. 

the fruit of the beech, beech' •mart"*, 
beef, 1 blf; 2 b€f, n. 1. The flesh of a 

slaughtered adult bovine animal. 2. 

[beeves, pl.\ Any adult bovine animal. 

-beefsteak 4 , l blTstek'; 2 beTstftk'. n. 

A slice of beef for broiling. 
been, l bin or bin; 2 bin or ben. pp. of be, v. 
beer, 1 blr; 2 ber, n. An alcoholic fer- 
mented liquor. 
bees 'wax", 1 bla'waks'; 2 beg'waks' n. 

The wax of which honeybees make their 

beet, 1 bit; 2 b€t, n. The fleshy edible 

root of a biennial herb; also, the plant. 
bee'tl(e*S 1 bl'tl ; 2 bS'tl, vi. [bee'tl(l)d*; 

bee'tling.] To jut out; overhang. 
bee'tle*, vt. To beat or stamp with or as 

with a beetle, mallet, etc. 
bee'tle, a. Overhanging; prominent: as, a 

fteeftebrow. bee'tlingt.- bee'tle .browed", a. 
bee'tle!, n< Any coleopterous insect. 
bee'tle*, n. A heavy wooden hammer. 
beeves, 1 blvs; 2 bevs, n. Plural of bbef. 
be-fall', 1 bi-fel'; 2 be-fal'. v. [be-fell', 

be-fel' p ; 1 bi-fer, 2 be-fer; be-fall 'en, 


or happen to. II. i. To happen. 

be-feU', 1 bi-fel'; 2 be-fel', imp. of befall, t. 

be-flt', 1 bi-fit'; 2 be-flt', vt. [BE-Frr'TEnd; 
be-fit'ting.] To be suitable for; be wor 
thy of.— be-fittlng,pa. Becoming; suitable. 

be-tog', 1 bi-feg* 2 be-fog', vt. [be- 
fogged', be-fogd'*; be-fog'ging.1 To 
envelop in fog; confuse. 

1 :eu-tisdc,ott; fanfare; fast; get, pr*y;hlt^po 

S: art,ape,fat^are,fa8t,wb4t,ftU; m^ get, prej, fern; nlMee;I=8;i=e;g6\ndt,6r,wdn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

,_.— -j' f 1 bi-for'; 2 be-far*. I. adv. In 
front; ahead; earlier. II. prep. 1. In 
front of; ahead of; anterior to; in ad- 
vance of; in preference to. 2. Face to 
face with; in the presence of. III. conj. 
Rather than: sooner than. 

be-fore'hand*, 1 bi-for'hand'; 2 be-for'- 
hand". L, a. Being in easy circum- 
stances; forehanded. II. adv. In ad- 
vance; before the time. 

fee-friend'*, U bi-frend'; 2 be-frend', vt. 

be-ffrend *, j To be a friend to; stand by ; 
help in time of need. 

beg, 1 beg; 2 beg, vt. & vi. [begged, begd 8 ; 
beg'ging.] To ask pleadingly; entreat; 
supplicate; beseech; ask alms.— to beg the 
question, to take for granted the matter In 

be-gan', 1 t»-gan'; 2 be-gan', imp. of begin, v. 

be-gat'. 1 bi-gat'; 2 be-gat\ imp. of beget, e. 

be-get \ 1 bi-get'; 2 be-gSt', vt. [be-got*. 1 
bi-get', 2 be-g8t', or be-qat / , 1 bi-gat', 2 be- 
gat'; BE-q/xr' or be-got'ten, be-got'n p ; 
be-get'ting. To generate; produce. 

beg'gar, 1 beg'er; 2 be$'ar. lit To re- 
duce to want; impoverish. II. n. One who 
requests alms; a destitute person.— beg'gar- 
tt-ness, n — beg'gar-ly, a. Miserably poor; 
mean: wretched.— beg'gar-ly, adv.— beg*- 
gar-y, n. 1. Extreme poverty. 2. Beggars 
as a class. *. The act or habit of begging. 

l*Hglii',lbi-gin';2be-gm', v. [BE-GAN'or be- 
gun'; be-gun'; be-gin'tono.] I.*. Totake 
the first step in; give origin to; start; com- 
mence. II. «. 1. To take the first step; 
start. 2. To come into existence; orig- 
inate.— be-gle'ner, n. 1. a founder; origi- 
nator. 3. A novice; tyro — be-gin'ning, n. 
The startlnf>polnt; origin; first part; source. 

be-gone', ) 1 bi-gen'; 2 be-g&n', inter j. De- 

be-gon'», ) part! away! 

be-got', l bi-get'; 2 be-got\ imp. of beget, v. 

be-got'ten, pp. of beget, v. 

be-grudge', 1 bi-gruj'; 2 be-grudjfc', vt. [be- 
gbudged'; bs-gbudg'ing.] To 



, 1 m-gmV; 2 be-gun', imp. * pp. of 


be-half', 1 bi-hof'; 2 be-haf', n. The in- 
terest or defense (of any one): preceded 
by fa, on, or upon. 

be-have', 1 bi-heV; 2 be-haV, tt. A vi. 
[bb-havbd'; be-hav'ing.] To conduct 
(oneself); act; act properly or suitably.— 
be ha' rlor, n. Manner or mode of action; 
demeanor; deportment, be-ha'vloorj. 
" "Ml bi-hed'; 2 be-hed', vt. To 
j take the head from ; decapitate. 


;«lle', 1 ra-goil'; 2 be-gll', vt. [be- 
nLEn'; be-guil'ing.] To deceive; amuse. 


be-held', 1 m-beld'; 2 be-hMd', imp. * pp. of 


be-hest', 1 bi-hest'; 2 be-hest' n. An 
authoritative request; command. 

be-hlnd', 1 bi-haind'; 2 be-hlnd'. I. adv. 
In, toward, or at the rear; backward; in 
reserve; behindhand. II. prep. At the 
back of; on the other side of; inferior to. 
— be-hind'hand", a. & adv. Behind time; 
late; behind; backward; m arrears. 

be-hold', 1 bi-h6ld', 2 be-hold', vt. 6 w. 
[be-held', 1 bi-held', 2 be-held'; be- 
hold'ing.] To look at or upon; look; 
view ; see.— be-hold'en, a. indebted.— be- 
bold'er, n. An eye-witness; spectator. 

be-hooF, 1 bi-huf'; 2 be-hoof', n. Advan- 
tage; use.— be-boove', 1 bi-bflv*; 2 be-hoov', 

Vt. IBE-HOOVED'; BE-HOOV'ING.] To be be- 
coming to, needful, or right for. 

being, 1 bfin; 2 b€'ing. I. ppr. of be, v. 
Existing; continuing to be. II. n. Any- 
thing that exists ; existence, [beat ; thrash. 

be-la'bor, 1 bi-lfi'ber; 2 be-la'bor, vt. To 

be-late', 1 bi-let'; 2 be-lAt', vt. [be- 
LA,T / ED d ; BE-LAT'iNa.] To delay past the 
proper hour. 

be-lay', 1 bi-le*: 2 be-la', vt. To make fast 
by winding, as a rope.— be-lay 1ng •pin", 
n. A pin on which rope Is wound. 

belch*. 1 beldh; 2 belch, vt. 6 vi. To eject 
noisily, as gas from the stomach; vomit; 
eject; come forth forcibly, as flame from 
a furnace.— belch, n. A belching; eructation. 

bel'dam, U bel'dam, -dem; 2 bel'dam. 

bel 'dame, j -dam, n. A forbidding or evil 
old woman; hag. 

be-lea'guer, \ l bi-lfger; 

be-lea'ger», J 2 be -16' - 


»gw*j } c> uc-ic - J 

, vt. To besiege. J 

J'fry, 1 bel'fn; 2 Ml'- " 

fry,n^ [bel'fbies*. pi. J 

A tower, or that part 

of a tower in which a , 

bell is hung. }. 

is hung. 

be-lle',1 bi-lai'; 2be-li', 

vt. [be-ued'; be-ly'-| 

ing.J To give the lie to; I 

contradict; disappoint. 1 
be-lief', 1 bi-ltf'; 2 be-leT, 'J 

n. 1. Acceptance of I 

somethingast rue; trust; 

conviction; assurance. , 

2. That which is be- ' 

lieved; theory; opinion; 


be-Meve', 1 1 m-nV; 2 be-leV, vt. & vi. [be- 
be-Uev'', J uev(e)d ,b : be-liev'ing.] To 

accept as true; be convinced of; credit; 

accept the word of; trust; think; suppose. 


I: a = final; i as habit; cdsle; era sent; ell; Hk = feud; elite; go; Qsglngr; Chin, Ihsa 
•: wejlf.dQ; bdok, bdbt; f V U, mte, ctYre, b*t,b4rn; Ml, bey; fo, rem; ink; thin, tbie. 

Digitized by L: 


— be-ttev'er, n. One who believes; an ad- 
herent of a religious faith. [probably. 

be-like', 1 bi-laik'; 2 be-Uk', adv. Perhaps; 

be-Ut'tle, 11 bi-lit'l; 2 be-llt'l,»t [-tl(e)p*; 

be-lltl', /-Tung.] To treat slightingly; 
disparage; depreciate. 

bell, 1 1 bel; 2 b«l, vt. 6 vi. To put a bell 

bel*, j on; shape like a bell; make a bell-like 

bell, n. A hollow metallic instrument for giv- 
ing forth a sound 
when struck. 

bella-don'na, 1 
a-d5n'a, n. A poi- 
sonous herb; dead- 
ly nightshade ; also, 
a medicinal prep- 
aration made 
from it. 

belle, 1 bel; 2 bel, n. 
A beautiful and at- 
tractive woman. 

belles'" * let 'tres, 1 
bel'-let'r; 2 beT- 
leYr, n. pi. Polite " Czar Kolokol." the 
literature. Great BeU ot Moscow. 

belll-eose, 1 bel'i-kos; 2 bel'i-eds, a. Pug- 
nacious; warlike. 

bel-lig'er-ent, 1 be-lij'sr-ent; 2 be-UgjSr- 
ent. I. a. 1. Warlike; bellicose. 2. En- 
gaged in or pertaining to warfare. II. n. 
A nation engaged in legitimate warfare. 

bell'man, 1 bel'men; 2 bel'man, n. [-men, 
pi.) A town crier. 

bellow, 1 bel'o; 2 beTo. I. vt. A vi. To 
proclaim vociferously; roar; shout. II* 
n. A loud hollow cry or roar. 

bellows, 1 bel'oz; 2 bSl'oe., n. sing. & pi. 
An instrument for forcing air upon a fire, 
for blowing organs, etc. ^ 

belly, 1 be\\ 2 beTy. I. vt. & vi. [bei/- 
lied; bel'ly-ing.] To fill, as a sail. II. 
n. [bel'lies", pi.] The abdomen, or some- 
thing resembling it; as, the belly of a sail. 

fee-long ' ? 1 bi-len'; 2 be-ldng 7 , vi. To be a 
possession or part; be an attribute; be 
suitable: appertain: followed by to.— be- 
longing, n. Something that belongs to a 
person or thing: usually In the plural. 

be-lov'ed, > 1 bi-luv'ed or bi-luvd'; 2 be- 

be-Iuv'edp, j" Idv'Sd or be-ldvd'. I. a. Great- 
ly loved; very dear. II. n. One greatly 

be-low % 1 bi-15'; 2 be-15'. I. adv. In or 
to a lower place; farther down; on earth; 
in Hades or in hell. II. prep. Beneath; 
under; lower than; inferior to. 

belt, 1 belt; 2 Wit. I d . vt. To gird with a 


belt; mark with belts; drive by a belt, as 
a machine. II. n. A band worn around 
the waist; a band for transmitting power 
in machinery; any broad encircling band; 
a zone; strip; strait. [lament. 

be-moan', 1 bi-mon'; 2 be-m5n', vt. To 

bench. 1 bendh; 2 bench, n. 1. A Ions 
wooden seat. fc. A stout table, as for 
carpenters' work. 3. The judges' seat in 
court; the judge or the judges. 

bend, 1 bend; 2 bend, v. [bent or 
bend'ed*; bend'ing.] I. t. 1. To curve; 
crook; deflect; direct; apply. 2. To sub- 
due. 3. NaiU. To make fast; tie. II. ». 
1. To become curved or deflected. %• 
To yield; submit; devote oneself. 3. To 
overhang. [loop or knot. 

bend, n. A curve or crook; a bending; a 

be-neath', 1 bi-nl£h': 2 be-nSth'. I. adv. 
At a lower point; below. II. prep. Un- 
der; lower than; below the surface of; 
under the power of: unworthy of. 

ben'e-dlck, 1 ben'i-dik; 2 ben'e-dflc, n. A 
newly married man. ben'e-dJctJ. 

ben"e-dle'tlon, 1 benVdik'dhan; 2 ben'e- 
dle'shon, n. The act of blessing, as at 
the close of worship; blessing; favor. 

ben'e-fac'tlon, 1 benVfak'sTien; 2 ben'e- 
fae'shon, n. A kindly or generous act; a 
gift; beneficence.-- foen^e-fac'tor, n. A 
friendly helper; a patron.— ben'e-fac'tress, 
n. fern. 

ben'e-flce, ) 1 ben'i-fis; 2 ben'e-flo, n. 

ben'e-fls*, /An ecclesiastical living.— 
ben'e-flced, -fist 8 , a. Holding a benefice. 

be-nef'1-eent, 1 bi-nef'i-sent; 2 be-nef'i- 

SSnt, a. Doing good; charitable; kind. 
y, adv.— be-nefl-cence, n.— ben^e-fl'- 
clal, 1 ben'i-fiSh'al; 2 ben'e-flsh'al, a. Con- 
ferring benefits; helpful. -If, adv. 

ben"e-fl'ci-a-ry, l ben'i-fisn'i-e-ri or -e-n; 
2 ben"e-flsh'i-a-ry or -a-ry. I. a. Per- 
taining to benefits or benevolence. II. 
n. [-RIE3", pi.] A recipient of charity, 
benefit, or profit; the holder of a benefice. 

ben'e-fltd, 1 ben'i-fit; 2 beVe-flt. I. vt. * 
vi. To be helpful or useful to; profit; im- 
prove. II. n. 1. Profit; advantage. 2. 
A favor bestowed; privilege. 

be-nev'o-lence, 1 bi-nev'o-lens; 2 be- 
neVo-lfcnc, n. Desire for the good of 
others; charitableness; charity; humanity. 
— be-ner'o-lent, a. Characterized by be- 
nevolence; kindly; charitable, -ly, adv. 

be-nlght'ed, 1 bi-noit'ed; 2 be-nlt'ed, pa. 
Overtaken by night; ignorant: depraved. 

be-nlgn', 1 bi-nain'; 2 be-nln', a. Gra- 
cious; generous; genial; propitious: mild. 
-ly, adv. 

1: artistic, art; f*t, fire; fa8t;get, prty; hit, poU^ 
a:Mr^ipe^f*t^are,fost^wb4t t j^ 

* Digitized by VjOOQLC 

be-nlg'ii»iit, 1 bt-nig'nant: 2 be-nX$'nant, a. 
1* Kindly; benign; gentle; gracious. 2. 
Helpful; salutary, -ly, adv.— be-ulg'nl-ty, 
n. [-tees*, jtf.] l. Kindliness; beneficence. 

2. Healthfulness; salubrity. 
benl-son, 1 ben'i-sen; 2 ben/i-son, n. A 

benediction; blessing. 

bent, 1 bent; 2 bent, imp. A pp. of bend, v. 

fcenU, n. 1. Tendency; disposition. 2. 
The limit of endurance or capacity. 

bent 1 , n. A stiff wiry grass. 

be-nnmb', ) 1 bi-num'; 2 be-ntim', vt. 

be-num' s , jTo make numb; stupefy.— 
be-numbed', pa. 

ben 'Bene, 1 ben'zln; 2 ben'zen, n. A 
colorless, inflammable liquid obtained 
chiefly from coal tar. 

ben 'sin, ) 1 ben'zin, -tin or -sin ; 2 ben'zln, 

ben'sine. f-zin or -zm. n. A colorless, in- 
flammable, and explosive liquid obtained' 
from petroleum, used to cleanse clothing, 
etc. [der used In preserving food. 

ben'so-ate of so'da. Chem. A white pow- 

ben'xo-in, 1 ben'zo-in or -zein; 2 ben'zo-In 
or -zdro, n. 1. A fragrant medicinal 
Oriental gum resin. 2. A shrub of North 
America and eastern Asia, the spice-bush. 

3. A product prepared artificially, as from 
oO of bitter ahnonds.— ben-zote, a. 

be-queath', 1 bi-kwlth'j 2 be-kw«th', vt. 
To give by will; transmit by inheritance. 
— be-questM b*»kwest';2be-kwest', n. The 
act of bequeathing; a legacy. 

be-rate', 1 bi-r€t'; 2 be-rat', vt. [be- 
bat'ed*; bb-rat'ing.] To chide harshly; 
scold; rail at. 

be-ieave',)l bi-rlv'; 2 be-rcV, vt. [be- 

be-rea?'*, / heaved', be-reavd*, or be- 
reft', 1 bi-reft', 2 be-rfcft'; be-rbav'ing.] 
To deprive, as of something valuable or be- 
loved; despoil : rob.— be-reave'ment, n. The 
act of bereaving, or the state of being be- 
reaved; an afflictive loss. 

■*ng» 1 burg* 2 ber$. n. An iceberg. 

Ber-mn'da lil'y. The Easter lily. See lilt. 

ber'ry, 1 bert; 2 beVy, n. [ber'ries", pi.] 
1. A small succulent fruit. 2* A coffee- 
bean or the like. 

berth, 1 burin; 2 berth, n. 1. A bunk or 
bed in a vessel, sleeping-car, etc. 2. A place 
in which a vessel can lie. 3. A place 
of employment, as on a vessel, birthf* 

Bertfllon' system, 1 ber'tl'yen'; 2 ber'- 
tTydfi'. A system of human measure- 
ments for identification. 

ber'yi, 1 ber'il; 2 bcVyl, n. A precious 
stone, commonly green in color. 

be-seech', 1 bi-elcV; 2 be-sech', vt. [be- 
sought', lbi-eet', 2be-s6t'; be-sbech'- 


inc.] To ask with supplicating earnest- 
ness; implore; beg; entreat. 

be-seem', 1 bi-slm' ; 2 be-sSm', u> I. 1. To be 
becoming to; befit. II. i. To seem.— be- 
seeming, pa.— be-seemlng-ly, adv. 

be-set', 1 bi-set'; 2 be-sfit', vt. Ibe-set / ; 
be-set'ting.] To attack; harass; embar- 
rass: waylay.— be-set'tlng, pa. Constantly 

be-slde', 1 bi-said'; 2 be-sld'. I. adv. 
Close by: at hand. II. prep. At or by 
the side of; near; in comparison with; in 
addition to; apart from; except. 

be-sides', 1 bi-saidz'; 2 be-sld§'. I. adv. 

1. In addition; also. 2. Aside from. II. 
prep. In addition to; other than; except. 

be-siege', 1 bi-sii'; 2 be-ses', vt. (be- 
sieged'; be-sieg'ing.I To lay siege to; 
beset or harass.— be-sleg'er, n. 

be-smear', 1 bi-snuV; 2 be-smer', vt. To 
smear over; sully. 

be-smirch'*, 1 bi-smuTdh'; 2 be-smlrch', vt. 
To soil; stain; defile. 

be'som. 1 bl'zam; 2 bt/spm, n. A broom; 
something that sweeps away or destroys. 

be- sot', 1 bi-set'; 2 be-sdt', vt. [be-sot'- 
ted**; BE-sor'TiNa.] To intoxicate; in- 
fatuate, [beseech, V. 

be-sought', 1 bi-sfit'; 2 be-sfit', imp. A pp. of 

be-speak % 1 bi-splk'; 2 be-spSks vt. [be- 
spoke'; be-spoke' or be-spo'ken; be- 
spea.k'ing.] 1. To ask for in advance. 

2. To give token of ; indicate. 

best, 1 best; 2 best. I. a. [Superl. of 
good.] Most excellent. II. n. The 
most excellent; the highest degree; the 
utmost. III. adv. [Superl. of well.] 
In the most excellent manner; with the 
most favorable result; to the utmost 

be-stedV 11 bi-sted'; 2 be-steel', pa. Sit- 

be-stead', tuated; circunistanced; beset. 

bes'tlal, 1 bes'clial; 2 bes'chal, a. Beastly; 
animal; brutish; sensual.— bes'tl-all-ty, 
1 bes'cTu-al'i-u; 2 bes"«hHU'l-ty, n. Char- 
acter or conduct befitting beasts, -ly, adv. 

be-stlr', 1 bi-stoV; 2 be-stlr', vt. [be- 
stirred', be-stird' 8 ; be-stir'ring.J To 
move vigorously; arouse. 

be-stow', 1 bi-sto'; 2 be-stC', vt. 1. To 
confer as a gift: with on or upon; pre- 
sent. 2. To use: apply.— be-st©w'a-bl(e F , 
a.— be-stow'al, n. The act of bestowing' 

be-strew', 1 bi-etrfi'; 2 be-stru', vt. [be- 
strewed' or be-strewn'; bb-strew'ing.] 
To sprinkle; scatter about. Compare be- 


be-strlde ', 1 bi-stroid'; 2 be-strtd', vt [be- 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; aa = out; ell; 10 = feud: eliln; go; n = s!n^; Chin, Gils. 
I: w? U,dg; btfbk, WJot; full, rule, cure, but,bttrn; 6U, boy: fo, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


bUlet ^^^_^ 

strode/, 1 bi-etrod', 2 be-strod\ or be- 
btrid', 1 bi-strid', 2 be-strfd'; be-strid'- 
den or be-strid'; be-btrid'ing.] To 
stand over or ait upon astride; step over 
at a stride. 
te-stroW, l bi-strO'; 2 be-etrO', vt. Same as 


bet, 1 bet; 2 bSt, v. (bet or BET / TEr.d; 
bet'ting.] I. t. To stake or pledge on 
an uncertain issue. II. i. To wager 
money, etc., upon some uncertain matter. 

bet, n. The act of betting; wager; stake. 

be-take', 1 bi-tsk'; 2 be-tfik', vt. [be- 
took', 1 bi-tuk*, 2 be-tdok'; be-tak/en; 
be-tak'ing.] To resort (to); take (one- 
self), remove, or go (to). 

be-think', 1 bi-€hiok': 2 be-tbJfnk', vt. & 
vi. [be-thought', 1 bi-£het', 2 be-thdt'; 
be-think'ing.] To remind (oneself); take 
thought; deliberate. 

be-tlde', 1 bi-taid'; 2 be-tld', vt. A vi. 
[BE-TiD'EDd; be-tid'ing.] To happen to; 

be- times', 1 bi-taims'; 2 be-tlms/, adv. In 
good season or time; soon. 

be- to Teen, 1 bi-to'kn; 2 be-to'kn, vt. To 
be a sign of; give promise of. [take, v. 

be-took', l bi-tuk'; 2 be-tdok', imp. of be- 

be-tray' 5 1 bi-trg'; 2 be-tra', vt. 1. To 
deliver up or disclose treacherously: lead 
astray; seduce. 2. To reveal uninten- 
tionally; show signs of .— be-tray'al, n.— 
be-tray'er, n. 

be-trota'*, 1 bi-treth' or bi-trSth'; 2 be- 
trdth' or be-troth', vt. To engage to 
marry; promise in marriage.— be- troth 'al, 
n. Engagement to marry, be-troth'- 
menti. [prove; surpass; excel. 

bet'ter, 1 bet'er; 2 beVer, vt. & vi. To im- 

bet'ter, a. [Compar. of good.] Superior; 
preferable; surpassing; improved in 
health: convalescent. [2. A superior. 

bet'ter 1 , n. 1. Advantage; superiority. 

bet'ter^ n. One who makes bets. -tort. 

bet'ter, adv. [Compar. of well.] In a su- 
perior manner; more excellently; more 
oorrectly; in a higher degree. 

bet'ter-ment, 1 bet'er-ment or -ment; 2 
b8t'8r-ment, n. Improvement; addition 
to value of real estate. 

be-tween', 1 bi-twln'; 2 be-tw6n'. I. adv. 
In the interval; at intervals. II. prep. 
In the space which separates; intermedi- 
ate in relation to; with relation to both of; 
common to. [prep. Between. 

be- 1 wixt', 1 bi-twikst'; 2 be-twlkst', adv. & 

bev'el,lbev'el;2beV8l. l.vt.&vi. [bev'- 
eled or bev'bllbd, bev'eld 8 ; bbv'el- 
ing or beVel-ling.] To give a sloping 

edge to; have a sloping edge. II. a. 
Oblique; slanting; beveled. III. n. A 
Bloping edge, or an in- 
strument for measur- 
ing it, called a bevel* 

bey'er-age, 1 bev'ap-ij; 
2 beV6r-ag, n. Drink; Bevel-square, 
liquor for drinking. 

bev'y, 1 bev'i; 2 beVy, n. [bev'ies", pl.\ 
A flock of birds; a small group, as of 
women. . m 

be- wail', 1 bi-weT; 2 be-w&l', vt. & vt. To 
mourn for; lament. 

be- ware ', 1 bi-war' ; 2 be-war', vt. & vi. To 
look out for; be wary of; be cautious or 
wary; look out: often with of. 

be-wll'der, 1 m-wii'der; 2 be-wll'der, vt. 
To confuse; perplex; dase.— be-wllMer- 
ment, n. 

be- witch', \ 1 bi-wicV; 2 be-wfch', vt. To 

be-wich'*, J gain magical power over; 
charm; fascinate. — be - witch ' Ing, pa. 
Charming; captivating.— be- wltehlag-Iy, 
adv.— be-wltch'ment, n. The act or power 
of bewitching, orthe state of being bewitched. 

bey, 1 bB; 2 b£ n. The governor of a Turkish 
town or district; also, some other Turkish 
official of high rank. 

be-yond', 1 bi-yend'; 2 be-y5nd'. I. n. 
That which is on the other side or farther 
on; the future life. II. adv. On the 
other side of something intervening; 
yonder; far off. III. prep. Farther or 
later than; out of reach of; superior to: 
more than. 

M-, l bal-; 2 M-, prefix. Twice; doubly; 
two; as, Mammal, Mweekly. bin- J; bis-*. 

bl-an'nu-al, 1 boi-an'yu-el; 2 bl-fin'yu-al, 
a. Occurring twice a year; semiannual. 
-ly, adv. 

bl 'as, 1 bai'as ; 2 bl'as. I. vt. [bi'abed* or 
bi'assed*, bi'ast*;. bi'as-ing or bras- 
sing.] To cause to incline; influence un- 
duly; prejudice. II. a. Running diago- 
nally across the texture; cut slantingly, as 
cloth. III. n. [bi'as-es or bi'as-ses, pi.] 
1. A line, cut, or seam running obliquely 
across the threads of a fabric. 2. A mental 
leaning or prejudice. 

bib, 1 bib; 2 bib. I. vt. & vi. [bibbed, 
bibd*; bib'bing.] To tipple. IL n. A 
cloth worn under the chin by children at 
meals.- bibber, 1 bib'or; 2 blb'er, n. A 

Bl'ble, 1 bai'bl; 2 WW, n. The Sacred 
Scriptures of the Old and New Testa- 
ments.- Blbll-cal, l blb'h-kel; 2 bIbTi-eal, 
a. Pertaining to or in harmony with the 


t: Hrt,ape,ttt^axe t fast,wliat,ftU;m«,ge^,pr^y,fern: htt,Ice;I=P;i=e;g«,ndt,Ar, w6n, 

Digitized 'by LjOOQLC 


bibll-og'ra-pher, 1 1 bibli-eg're-fsr; 2 

Mbll-og'ra-fer", Jblb'li-6g'ra-fer, n. 
One stilled in bibliography - blb*Ti-o- 
granh'lca. blb"li-o-graph'I-calt.- bib»- 
I T •N il p hy, n. [-phibs*. pi.] 1. The 
description and history of books. 2. A list 
of the works of an author, or of the literature 
bearing on a subject. 

Mbli-o-ma'iii-a, T bibTi-o-mS'ni-s; 2 
blb"li-o-ma'ni-a, n. Book-madness; the 
passion for collecting books.— blb*ll-o-ma'- 
nl-ac, a. A n.— bIb"li-o-ma-Dl'a-cal, a. 
-ly. ado. 

blb'ti-o-phlle, 1 bib'h-o-fail or -fil ; 2 blb'li- 
o-ffl or-ffl, n. One who loves books. 

bibll-o-pole, 1 bib'h-o-pSl; 2 bib'li-o-p5l, 
n. A dealer in rare books. 

bibll-o-the'ca. 1 bibli-o-fliTka: 2 Mbli- 
o-th€'ea, n. A library, or a collection of 

blb'u-lous, 1 bib'yu-lus;'2 Mb'yu-lus, a. 
Given to drink; absorbing moisture 

Weeps, 1 boi'seps; 2 bl'ceps, n. The 
large muscle of the upper arm. 

bicker, 1 bik'sr; 2 blk'er, vi. To dispute; 
wrangle; chatter; flow noisily, as a brook; 
splutter, as a flame. 

bPcy-cle, 1 bai'si-kl; 2 bl'cy-cl. I. vi. 
[-cled; -cling.] To ride a bicycle. II. n. 
A vehicle with two wheels set tandem, and 
propelled by the rider's feet.— bl'cy-cllst, 
n. One who rides on a bicycle; a wheelman. 
Wcy-clerJ; cy'cllstt (1 sal'kllst; 2 cl'ellst). 

bid, 1 bid; 2 bid. I. vt. & vi. [bade, bad, 
or bid; bid'den or bid; bid'ding.] To of- 
fer; command; order. II. n. An offer to 
pay or accept a price.— bld'der, n.— bld'- 
dlng, n. A command; invitation; offer. 

bide, 1 baid; 2 bfd, vt. & vi-. [bid'ed* 1 or 
bode; bid'ing.J To wait for; await; dwell ; 
stay; abide; endure. 

bken'nl-al, 1 bai-en'i-el; 2 bl-en'i-al. I. 
a. Occurring every two years; lasting 
two years. II. n. A plant that lives 
two years. 

bier, 1 blr; 2 ber, n. A framework for 
carrying the dead; a coffin; hearse; the 

M-fo'cal, 1 bai-fo'kel; 2bl-ffi'eal, a. Hav- 
ing two foci, as a pair of eye-glasses that 
can be used for reading or distance view 
at pleasure of the wearer. 

M-fbH-ate, 1 boi-fd'h-at; 2 bl-f5li-at, a. 
hot. Having two leaves. 

M-far'cated, 1 bai-fur'ket or bai'fur-kst; 2 
bl-fur'eat or bl'fur-eftt, v. To fork; 
divide into two branches or stems. — bl- 
tar'eate, n. Forked. M-fur'cat-ed*.— 
Mltor-eaHoii, n. 


big, 1 big; 2 blft, a. [big'ger; big'gest.] 
Large; great; bulky; haughty; pompous. 

— blg'ness, n. 

Mg'a-my, 1 big'e-mi; 2 btg'a-my, n. The 
crime of having two wives or husbands at 
once.— bl-gamlc, a. blg'a-moust.— Mg'a- 
mlst, n. One guilty of bigamy. 

bight, 1 bait; 2 bit, n. 1. A small bay. 
2. Naut. A loop or turn in a rope. 

blg'ot, 1 big'et; 2 blg'ot, n. An illiberal 
adherent of a creed, party, or opinion. 

— big'ot-ed, a. Stubbornly attached to a 
creed, party, system, or opinion.— blg'ot-ry, 
n. [-rdcs z , pi.) Obstinate and intolerant at- 
tachment to a cause or creed. 

MTJou', l bl'su'; 2 Di'shu', n. [bi'joux', 1 
bl'sua'; 2 bl'zhuz', pi.) A Jewel; a trinket. 

— WJou'te-rle', 1 M"3tl"t8-rr; 2brzhu> 
te-re', n. Jewelry, bi-jou'tryj. 

bl-lat'er-al, 1 boi-lat'er-el; 2 bl-l&t'er-al, o. 
• Pertaining to two sides; two-sided. 
bile, 1 bail; 2 bll, n. 1. A bitter greenish 
fluid secreted by the liver. 2. Anger; 

bilge, 1 bilj;2Mlg. I. vt. & vi. [bilged; 
bilg'ing.1 Naut. To stave or be stove in; 
make or be leaky. II. n. 1. The flat 
part of a ship's bottom. 2. The bulge of 
a barrel.— bilge' -waiter, n. Foul water 
that collects in the bilge of a ship. 

Mll-a-ry, 1 bil'i-5-n; 2 biri-a-ry, a. Per- 
taining to or conveying bile. 

bi-lln 'glial, 1 bai-lin'gwel; 2 bl-Hp/gwai, 
a. Recorded or expressed in two lan- 
guages; speaking two languages.— bl-lln'- 
gulst, n. One who speaks two languages. 

bilious, 1 bil'yus; 2 bil'yus, a. 1. Suffer- 
ing from liver complaint; ill-natured. 2. 
Of, pertaining to, containing, or con- 
sisting of bile.— bll'lous-ness, n. 

bl-Ut'er-al, 1 boi-lit'er-el; 2 bl-llt'er-al, a. 
Composed of two letters. 

bill*, U bil; 2 bll, vt. To enter in a bill; 

Ml*, /charge; advertise by bills or placards. 

bill 1 , vi. To join bills, as doves; caress. 

bill 1 , n. 1* A statement of an 
account. 2. [U. SJ A bank- 
or government-note. S. A list 
of items. 4. The draft of a pro- 
posed law. ff. A public notice. 

bill*, n. A beak, as of a bird. 

bill*, ». A hook-shaped instru- 
ment or weapon; a halberd. 

billet*, 1 bil'et; 2 bll'dt, vt. 6 
vi. To lodge, as soldiers, in a Bill of th* 
private house. tlme ot 

billed, 1 bil'et; 2bn'St,n. A Henry 
note; requisition; a soldiers* VII. 
lodging; quarters. 

billet*, n. A short thick stick of wood. 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; an = o«t; ell; lfk = f«ud; ifhin; go; rj=sinj; thin, this. 
«r wolf,dg; bdbk, bdbt; full, rule, cflre, bdt,bftrn; All, bdy; go, gem; igk; thin, this. 

* Digitized by OOOglC 


bUlet'dom', 1 bm-dtl'; 2 Ml'l-dy', n. [bil-- 
lets«doux', pl] A lover's note. 

billiards, 1 bu'yerds; 2 bll'yards., n. A 
game played 'with ivory balls on a cloth* 
covered table. 

fell 'lings-gate, 1 bil'inz-gSt; 2 bu"ingg-gat, 
n. Vulvar and abusive language: named 
from Billingsgate fish*market, London. 

bll'llon, 1 bil'yan; 2 bll'yon, n. 1. [U. S. 
A Fr.J A thousand millions (1,000,000,- 
000). 2. [Eng.] A million millions (1,000,- 

billow, 1 bil'o; 2 bu'o. I. vt. & w. To 
roll in billows; surge; swell. II. n. A 
great wave, as of the sea, or of sound, etc. ; 
In the plural, the sea. — btf'low-y, a. 

billy, 1 bil'i: 2 bll'y, n. [bil'lies" pi] 
A short bludgeon; a policeman's club. 

bl'me-talllc, 1 boi'mi-tal'ik; 2 hl'me- 
t&l'ie, a. Consisting of or relating to two 
metals — bt-met'al-lsm, l bal-met'el-izm; 
2 bl-met'al-Ism, n. The concurrent use of 
both gold and silver as money at a fixed rela- 
tive value, bl-met'al-llsmi.— bl-met'al- 
1st, n. bl-mefsl-Ilstt. 

bl-month'ly, 1 bai-munthOi; 2 bl-month'- 
ly, a. & adv. Once in two months. 

bin, 1 bin; 2 bin, n. A large receptacle, as 
for coal. 

bl'na-ry, 1 bai'ne-n; 2 bfna-ry. I. a. 
Pertaining to or made up of two; double; 
paired. II. n. [-ribs', pl] A couple; 

bind, 1 baind; 2 bind, vt. & vt. [bound, 
1 bound, 2 bound; bound or bound'en; 
bind'ing.] 1. To tie together; make 
fast by tying; fasten; constrain; have 
moral or legal force; be obligatory. 2. To 

£ut a bandage or a binding on; secure 
stween covers, as the sheets of a book.— 
btnd'er, n. One who or that which binds.— 
blnd'er-y, l balnd'er-i; 2 bind*er-y, n. 
[-res*, pl] A place where books are bound. 
— binding. I. pa. Obligatory. II. n. The 
act of fastening or joining; anything that 
binds, as the cover of a book. 

bln'na-cle, U bin'e-kl; 2 bln'a-d, n. A 

bin 'na-cl p , /stand or case for a ship's 

bln-oc'u-lar, 1 bin-ek/yu-ler; 2 bm-oVyu- 
lar. I. o. 1. Having two eyes. 2. Per- 
taining to the use of both eyes at once. 
II. n. A glass, as a telescope or micro- 
scope, adapted to vision by both eyes at 

bf"o-gen'e-sls, lbai'o-jen'i-sis; 2blVgen'- 
e-sls, n. Biol. The doctrine that life is 
generated only from antecedent life. 

M-Og'e-ny, 1 bai-ej'i-m; 2 bl-6g'e-ny, n. 
Biol. The evolution of living things. 


bi'o-graph, 1 bai'o-graf; 2 bfo-graf, n. 


bl-og'ra-phy, \ 1 bai-eg're-fi; 2 bl-JJg'ra-fy, 
bl-og'ra-fys fn. [-phibs«, pl] A written 
account of a person's life.— bl-og'ra-pher, 
1 bol-eg're-fer; 2 bl-dtfra-fer, n. One who 
writes a biography.— bI"o-graph'Ic, bl"o- 
graph'1-cal, 1 bal'o-grafik, -l-kel; 2 bl'o- 
grafte, -1-eal, a. Pertaining to or consisting 
of biography. 
bl-ol'o-gy, 1 bai-el'o-ji; 2 bl-61'o-gy, n. 
The science of life or living organisms. 

- bro-log'Ic, 1 baTo-leJ'ik: 2 bro-Wg'le, a. 
bPo-logO-ealt.— M-ol'o-glst,». A student 
of or expert In biology. 

bl'o-plasm, 1 bai'o-plazm; 2 bl'o-plasm, n. 
Formative living matter. Compare pro- 

bro-ftfope, 1 i To-ekop; 2 bfo-scOp, n. A 
muchlnc for ahowrlng moving pictures. 

of -par 'tile, 1 bui-par'tait; 2 bl-par'tlt, a. 
Consisting at two corresponding parts. 

bl'ped* 1 l>aiVwI;2brped. I. a. Having 
two fees. If. n. An animal having two 
r<' ' blp'e-dal, a. Of or pertaining to a 

brpimp, 1 i I6n; 2 Wplan, n. An aero- 
plane tuayinff two plane surfaces. 

bin li, I bun. -Ji ; 2 birch, n. 1. A tree of the 
onk family, with outer bark separable in 
thin Jay- 1 
ers. 2. 
The wood I 
of the | 
birch rod; I 
a canoe I 

made of 1 ^ fc 

birch* Birch-bark Canoe, 

bark.— blrch'en, a. Pertaining to or made 
of birch. 

bird, 1 burd; 2 bird, n. A feathered, egs* 
laying vertebrate animal, having the 
fore limbs modified as wings. — blrd'- 
llme", n. A sticky substance smeared on 
twigs to catch small birds — blrd's'*eye", a. 
1. Marked as if with birds' eyes. 2. Seen 
from above, as if by a flying bird. 

birth, 1 burin; 2 birth, n. 1. The coming 
into life or being born; nativity; ori- 
gin. 2. Ancestry or descent; lineage. 3. 
Issue; offspring; the giving birth to off- 
spring.— blrth'day", n. The day of one's 
birth, or Its anniversary: used also adject ively. 

— birth'right", n. 1. A right or privilege 
to which one Is born. 2. Primogeniture. 

bis, 1 bis; 2 bis, adv. Muss Twice; repeat. 
Ms 'cult, 1 bis'kit; 2 Ms'cit, n. 1. A small 

soft cake; also, a cracker. 2. Bisque. 
bl-sect' d , 1 bai-sekt'; 2 bl-s*ct', tt. To 

divide into two equal parts.— bl-sec'tlon, n. 

1 : artistic. Art; fat, fare; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police; obey, go; not,or ; full, rule; but, burn. 
2: art,ape,f&t,fare,fast,wlu»t,all; in€, get, prjy, fern; hIt,Ice;I=6;i=e;gd,ndt,6r,won, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 

1. Blue Jay. »/• 2. Cardinal. »/« 3. Scarlet tanager. »/• 4. Purple martin. »/t 5. Swallow. >/• 
6. American robin. */• 7. Catbird. Vi 8. Baltimore oriole. »/r 9. Bluebird. */• 10. Humming" 
WnL »/• 11. Red-winged blackbird. »/• 12. Crow. »/» 13. Sparrow. »/• H. Meadow-lark, i !< 
15. Downy woodpecker. »/• 16. Wren. V« 17. Thrush. »/• 18. Barn-owl. »/■ 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


blsh'op, 1 bisVep; 2 btsh'op, n. 
church, having ch 
diocese. 2. A piece in chess.— blsh 

overseer in the church, havin 

1. An 

charge of a 

n. The office or province of a bishop; a 

bl'son, 1 bai'ssn; 2 bl'son, n. A bovine 
ruminant akin to the ox; [N. Am.] a 

Ms-sex 'tile, ) 1 bi-seks'til; 2 bi-sSks'til. I. 

bis-sex'til», )a. Pertaining to a leap- 
year. II. n., A leap-year. 

bit 1 , 1 bit; 2 bit, vt. [bit'ted* 1 ; bit'ting.] 
To put a bit in the mouth of; train to or 
control by the bit; curb; restrain. 

bit*, imp. A pp. of bite, v. 

bit 1 , n. 1. A wood-boring tool adapted to 
be used with a stock or brace. 2. The 
mouthpiece of 
a bridle. 

bit 2 , n. A small 
piece, por- 
tion, or f rag- 
bitch! I%i6ti % Blta and Bit-stock or Brace. 
Mch, n. The female of the dog or other 
canine animal. 

bite, 1 bait ; 2 bit. I. vt. & vi. [bit, 1 bit, 2 bit; 
bit'ten or bit; Brr'N 1 *; bit'inq.J To seise, 
cut, grind, or tear with the teeth; cause to 
grip; take hold of; act upon; smart; sting; 
corrode. II. n. The act of biting, or the 
hurt inflicted by biting; a morsel of food. 
— blt'er, n. One who or that which bites. 

blt'ter, 1 bit'er; 2 blt'er. I. a. 1. Hav- 
ing a peouliar acrid taste, as of quinin. 2. 
Painful; keen; poignant; stinging; sharp; 
severe. 3. Resentful; harsh; 
hateful. II. n. 1. That 
which is bitter; bitterness. 
2. pi. An infusion of bitter 
ingredients, often with 
spirits, -ly, adv. -ness,n. 

blt'tern, 1 bit' am; 2 Mt'ern, 
n. A small heron. 

bkn'men, 1 bi-tiQ'men; 2 
bi-tQ'men, n. A native min- 
eral containing naphtha or 
asphalt; mineral pitch.— bi- 
tu'ml-nous, a. 

bi 'valve, tl bai'valv; 2 bl'- 

bl'valv*, Jvalv. I. o. Hav- 
ing two valves, as a mol- 
lusk. bl'ralv(e)d»$; bl- 
val ' vous t ; bl-val' vu-lar %. 
II. n. A headless mollusk 
having a shell of two valves, 
as the oyster. 

blv'ou-ac, 1 biv'u-ak; 2 blv'u-ac. I. vi. 
[biv'ou-acked*; biv'ou-ack-ing.] To 


encamp for the night without tents. II. 
n. A temporary encampment without 

bi-weekly, 1 boi-wlk'h; 2 bl-wSk'ly. I. o. 
Occurring or appearing once in two weeks. 
IL n. A biweekly publication. [odd. 

bl-zarre', 1 bi-aar / ;2 bi-*ar\ o. Grotesque; 

blab, 1 blab; 2 blab, vt. <fe vi. [blabbed, 
blabd*; blab'bing.] To talk or tell in- 
discreetly; tattler. 

black, 1 blak; 2 blak. I*. vt. <fc vi. To 
make or become black; blacken. II. a. 
Reflecting little or no light; dark; 
swarthy; gloomy; dismal; forbidding; sad; 
evil; malignant; deadly. III. n. 1. The ab- 
sence of color, or the darkest of all colors; 
sable. 2. Anything black. 3. A negro. 

blackball", 1 blak'bel'; 2 blak'bal". I. 
vt. To vote against; ostracize. II. n. # A 
vote rejecting application for membership. 

black 'ber"ry, 1 blak'ber ,, i; 2 biak'ber'y, n. 
[-beb'ries*, pi] The black edible fruit 
of certain shrubs, or a plant producing it. 

black'bird", 1 blak'burd"; 2 blakTrfrd" n. 
A European thrush, black with yellow 
bill; one of various black North-American 

black-board", 1 blakTwrd'; 2 blak'bSrd*, 
n. A blackened surface, for marking upon 
with chalk. 

black 'en, 1 blak'n; 2 blak'n, vt. & vi. To 
make or become black; darken; defame. 

black'guard, \ 1 blag'ard; 2 bl&g'ard. Id. 

black'gard*, / vt. To revile. II. a. Scur- 
rilous; low; vile. III. n. A low, rude, 
vicious fellow. 

black 'lng, 1 blak'in; 2 blak'ing, n. A 

K reparation used to give blackness or 
ister, or both. 

blackleg", 1 blak'leg'; 2 bl&k'leg", n. A 
professional swindler or gambler; sharper. 

black'mail", 1 blak'meT; 2 blak'mal\ I. 
vt. To levy blackmail upon. II. n. Ex- 
tortion by threats of accusation. 

black'smlth", 1 blak'smith"; 2 blak'- 
smith", n. One who works in or welds 

blackthorn", 1 blak'fliern"; 2 blak'thdrn', 
n. A* thorny shrub of the rose family; a 

' cane made of its wood. 

blad'der, 1 blad'er ; 2 blad'er, n. A sac for re- 
tention of urine, or something resembling 
it, as an air-vessel. 

blade, 1 bl€d; 2 blad, n. 1. The flat, cut- 
ting part of a knife, sword, etc., or some- 
thing resembling it, as the leaf of grasses. 
2. A rakish young man. 

Main, 1 blen; 2 blan, n. A tumor; blister. 

blame, 1 blem; 2 blam. I. vt. [blamed; 

1 : artistic, firt ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; b^^^ 

8: Mrt,ape, f at,fare,fast,what,aU; me\ get,pr£y, f ern; bit,Ice;I=fi;i=e;g©\ndt,<>r,wdn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

blam'ing.] To find fault with; censure. 
II. n. 1. The act of faultfinding; cen- 
sure; also, fault; culpability. — blam'a- 
bl(e p , a. Deserving censure; wrong; faulty. 
blame'fuli; blame 7 worthy J. — blam'a- 
bly, adv.— blameTul-ly, adv.— blameful- 
ness, n — blameless, a. Innocent; guilt- 
less, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

blanch*, 1 blandh; 2 blanch, vt. & vi. To 
whiten; bleach; pale. 

Mane" «mange', 1 bla'-manp'; 2 bla"» 
manzh', n. A whitish jellylike prepara- 
tion for desserts. 

bland, 1 bland; 2 bland, a. Affable in 
manner; gentle; mild; balmy; genial, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

Man'disht, i blan'dish; 2 blan'dish, vt. 
To wheedle; caress; coax; please.— blan'- 
dteh-ment, n. 

blank, 1 blank; 2 blank. I. a. 1. Free 
from writing or print; white; empty; void; 
unsigned. 2. Without rime; as, blank 

■ verse. 3. Disconcerted; confused. 4. 
Utter; downright. II. n. 1. A blank 
paper, or one with blank spaces. 2. A 
vacant space. S. A lottery-ticket which 
draws no prize; a disappointing result. 

blan'ket, l blanket; 2 bl&n'kSt. Id. vt. 
To cover, as with a blanket. II. n. A 
heavy woolen or other covering, as of a 

blare, 1 blar; 2 blar. I. vt. & vi. [blared; 
blading.] To sound loudly, as a trumpet. 
EL. n. A loud brazen sound. 

blar'ney, 1 biaym; 2-blar'ny. I. vt. & vi. 
To flatter; cajole. II. n. Wheedling; 
flattery: in allusion to the Blarney stone 
in Blarney Castle, near Cork, Ireland, 
said to give to those who kiss it a cajol- 
ing tongue. 

Ma"s6', 1 bla'zg'; 2 bl&'se/, a. • Sated with 
pleasure; wearied by dissipation. 

blas-pheme', ) 1 blas-flm'; 2 blas-f6m', t. 

Mas-feme 'p, /[blas-phemed'iblas-phem'- 
ing.] L t. To speak irreverently of God 
or sacred things. II. t. To speak blas- 
phemy; use profane language; swear.— bias- 
phem'er, n.— blas'phe-mous, a. Impious; 
Irreverent; profane, -ly, adv.— blas'phe- 
my, -fe-myp, l blas'n-mi; 2 blas'fe-my, n. 
[-mugs*, pi.] Evil or profane speaking of 
God or sacred things. 

Mast. 1 blast; 2 blast. Id. vt. & vi. To 
rend in pieces by explosion; wither, as by 
a wind; blight; shrivel; destroy; ruin; 
curse. II. n. 1. A strong wind; strong 
artificial current as of air, steam, etc. 2. 
The discharge of an explosive; a loud, 
sudden sound. 3. A blight, or blighting 


bla'Jant, 1 blS'tent; 2 bl&'tant, a. Noisy; 

blaze 1 , 1 blez; 2 blaz. I. vt. & vi. [blazed; 
blaz'ing.J To cause to burn with a bright 
flame; shine; flame; gleam. II. n. A 
vivid glowing flame; brightness; efful- 
gence; ardor. 

blaze*. I, vt. To publish abroad; proclaim. 
II|. n. A proclamation or report. 

blaze*. I. vt. To mark (a tree) by chip- 
ping or peeling; hence, to mark out (a 
path) in this way. II. n. 1. A white spot 
on the face of an animal, as a horse. 2. 
A mark chipped on a tree, to indicate a 
path; a path so indicated. 

bla'zon, 1 blS'zn; 2 bla'zn. I. vt. To pro- 
claim; publish; inscribe; decorate; em- 
blazon. II. n. A coat of arms; show; 
proclamation.— bla'zon-ry, n. The art of 
depicting heraldic devices; coat of arms; dec- 
oration; show. 

-bl(e p , suffix. Used in forming adjectives from 
verbs: usually preceded by a vowel (see 
-able, -Ible). [whiten; blanch, 

bleach*, 1 blldh; 2 blech, vt. & vi. To 

bleak, 1 bilk; 2 bl€k, a. 1. Exposed to 
wind; bare; barren; dreary. 2. Cold; cut- 
ting, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

blear, 1 blir; 2 bl6r. I. vt. To dim; ob- 
scure; blur. II. a. Dimmed; dull; bleared. 

bleat, 1 bllt; 2 bl§t. I*. vi. To cry as a 
sheep. II. n. The cry of the sheep or 

bleed, 1 bird; 2 bled, vt. & vi. (bled; 
bleed'ing.1 To lose or cause to lose blood, 
sap, or other fluid; shed; exude; grieve; 
sympathize; suffer or die, as in battle. 

blem'lsh, 1 blem'isn; 2 blem'ish. I*, vt. 
To mar; disfigure. II. n. A disfiguring 
defect; reproach; dishonor. 

blench*, 1 blendh; 2 blench, vi. To shrink 
back; quail. 

blend, 1 blend; 2 blend, vt. & vi. [blend'ed; 
blend'ed* 1 or blent; blend 'inc.] To 
mix; combine. 

bless, 1 bles; 2 bles, vt. [blessed* or 
blest; bless'inq.] 1. To bring or wish 
happiness or good fortune to; prosper; 
felicitate. 2. To invoke God's favor upon. 
3. To consecrate. 4. To praise; glorify. 

bless'ed, \l bles'ed, blest; 2 bles'Sd, blest. 

blest, )a. 1. Heavenly. 2. Worthy of 
blessing. 3. Joyful; happy; favored.— 
bless'ed-ly, adv.— btess'ed-ness, n. 

bless'lng, lbles'in; 2 bles'ing, n. 1. That 
which makes happy or prosperous; a di- 
vine favor. 2. A Denediction. 3. Grate- 
ful adoration; worship. 

blew, 1 blQ; 2 blu, imp. of blow, v. 

1: • = final; i = habit; cdsle; «ra = out; ell; ltk = feud; ifhin; go; xj = sin^; thin, this. 
•: wolf, do,; Wok, Wot; fnOl, mle, cOre, bilt,barn; oil, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


blight, 1 blait; 2 bilt. Id. vt. &vi. t To 
cause to decay; blast; wither. II. n. A 
diseased state of plants; anything that 
withers hopes or prospects. 

blind, 1 blaind; 2 blind. Id. vt. To make 
blind; screen; hide; eclipse. # II. a. Des- 
titute of sight; ignorant; inconsiderate; 
acting at random; illegible: unintelligible; 
hidden; obscure.— blindly, adv. Without 
sight or without foresight; at random; reck- 
lessly— blind'ness, ». 

blind* n. Something that obscures or 
shades; a screen 
or shutte r ; a 
subterfuge; ruse. 
— bllnd'er, n. One 
who or that which 
blinds; a flap on the 
sideof a horae'shead- 

blind 'fold. 1 Venetian Blind. 
bloind'fSld; 2 bllnd'fdld. I d . vt. To 
cover the eyes; hoodwink; mislead. II. 
o. Having the eyes bandaged; unguided; 
heedless; rash. 

blink, 1 blink; 2 blink. It. vt. & vi. 1. 
To peer at; evade seeing; pass by; wink; 
get a hasty glimpse. 2. To twinkle; 
glimmer. II. n. 1. A glance or glimpse. 
%. A shimmer or glimmer.— bllnk'er, n. 1. 
A horse's blinder. fc. One who or that which 
blinks, bllnk'ard*. 

bliss, 1 blis; 2 blls, n. Superlative happi- 
ness; heavenly joy.— Mlsg'ful, a. Supremely 
happy, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

blls'ter, 1 blis'ter; 2 blls'ter. I. vt. 6 vi. 
To produce a blister or blisters upon; 
hurt, as by a blister; gall. II. ». A thin 
vesicle on the skin; any substance used 
for blistering.— Mls'ter-y, a. Marked by 
or full of blisters. -, 

Uithe, 1 bloith or bloith; 2 With or bllth, a. 
Joyous; gay; merry; sprightly, bllthe'- 
somei.— blithely, adv. 

Mls'zard, 1 huVerd; 2 bllz'ard, n. A high 
cold wind with blinding snow. 

bloat, 1 blot ; 2 bldt. I*. vt. & vi. To puff 
up; swell. II. n. One who is bloated; a 

bloater, 1 bist'er; 2 blSt'er, n. 
A selected smoked herring. 

block, 1 r-lek; 2 bl6k. I*, vt. 
To stop; impede; obstruct: of- 
ten with up. 1L n. 1. A solid 
piece, an of wood, metal, or 
stone; an obstruction. 2. A 
section; a row, as of houses. 3*Bi<w»kr3) 
A puller, or set of pulleys. In a w ' 

frame.- block'he(a)a' r », n. A stupid per- 
son.— block'nouse", n. A fort of logs. 

block-ade', 1 blek-€d'; 2 blok-ad'. Id. vL 
To close to traffic by military or naval 
force; obstruct; blocks up. II. n. The 
closing of a seaport, etc., by hostile forces. 

blond, 1 blond; 2 bl6nd. I. a. 1. Having 
a fair skin with light eyes and hair. 2. 
Flaxen or golden, as hair. II. n. A blond 
person: In the feminine, blonde. 

blood, lblud;2bloci,n. 1. The fluid that 
circulates in the heart, arteries, and veins. 
2. Kinship by descent; lineage; nobility. 
S. Passion; bloodshed.— blood-heat, n. The 
normal temperature of the human body, about 
98V«° Fahr.— b.*borse, n. A borse of a fine 
breed, especially of the English-Arab cross.— 
blood'hound", n. A keen-scented hound 
for tracing fugitives.— bloodless, a. 1. 
Having no blood: pale; lifeless; cold-hearted, 
%. Free from bloodshed, -ly, adv. -ness, 
n — Mood 'shed", n. The shedding of blood; 
slaughter; carnage.- blood 'shot", a. Streaked 
with blood; Inflamed. — blood'tnlrsfy, a. 
Eager to shed blood; murderous; cruel.—. 
blood'y, 1 blud'i; 2 blod'y, a. [bloob'i-er; 
BLOonl-EST.l Stained with, containing, or 
mixed with blood; sanguinary; bloodthirsty. 

— bloodl-ly, adv.— bloodl-ness, n. 
bloodied, 1 blud'ed; 2 blod'ed, pa. 1. Of 

pure blood or breed; as, a blooded horse 
(better blood'horae) . 2. Having blood of 
a certain kind; metaphorically, of a cer- 
tain temperament or character; as, cold* 
blooded. [with blood; bloody. 

bloodied, 1 blud'id; 2 blod'id, a. Stained 

bloom, 1 blum; 2 bloom, vt. To blossom: 
grow luxuriantly; glow with health and 
beauty.— blooming* 2>a> 

bloom 1 , n. The blooming or being in 
flower; fulness and freshness; a flower or 
flowers collectively; the downy covering 
of certain fruits. 

bloom*, n. Metal. A mass of malleable 
iron from which the slag hasbeen beaten. 

bloom 'er. 1 blum'ar; 2 bloom'er, n. A 
trouser-like dress for women: commonly 
in the plural. 

bios 'som, 1 bles'em ; 2 blos'om. I. vt. 6 vi. 
To bloom. II. n. A flower; bloom. 

blot, 1 blot; 2 blot. I. vt. & vi. [blot'ted*; 
blot'ttno.I 1. To spot; stain; disgrace; 
sully. 2. To obliterate, as writing; ob- 
scure; darken: often with out. S. To dry 
with blotting-paper. II. n. A spot or 
stain; reproach; blemish.— blotfter, n. 1. 
A sheet, pad, or book of blotting-paper. 2. 
The first record-book, as In a police-station. 

— blot' ting "pamper, n. Unsized paper for 
absorbing any excess of Ink. 

blotch, )1 blecb; 2 bldch. I*, vt. To 
bloch*, /mark with blotches. II. n. 1. 

1: artistic, Art ; fat, fire; fast; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, gA ; not,Ar: full, rule; but, born. 
S: Krt,£Lye. fat,fare,fast,wh»t, all ; mC, get, prey, fern; bit, Ice; I=6;i=e; gA.nAt.6r, wOn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

A blot. 3. An inflamed eruption on the 
skin. [garment, as of a workman. 

blouse* 1 blauz; 2 bloug, n. A loose upper 

blowS 1 bio; 2 bid, v. Jblew, 1 blQ, 2 b\i; 
blown* blow'ino.] 1. 1. 1. To move or 
affect by a current of air; inflate, as 
molten glass; sound, as a trumpet. 2. To 
put out of breath. 3. To lay eggs in, as 
flies in meat. II. i. 1. To emit a cur- 
rent, as of air; move in or be carried by 
the wind. 2. To sound by being blown. 
S. To pant; be winded. 

blow*, w. To bloom. 

blew 1 , n. A sudden or violent stroke; 
'thump; shock; calamity. 

blow*, n. 1. The act of blowing; a blast. 
2. The egg of a fly; a flyblow. 

blow', n. The state of flowering; a mass 
of blossoms. 

blow'er, 1 blo'er; 2 blS'er, n. One who or 
that which blows; a device for increasing 
a draft. 

blow 'pipe", 1 bld'paip'; 2 bl5'plp', n. A 
tube by which air or gas is blown through 
a flame for the purpose of heating or 
melting something. 

blows 'y, 1 blauz 'i; 2 blows'y, a. Having a 
red or flushed face; slatternly or unkempt. 

blub1>er, 1 blub'er; 2 blub'er, vi. To sob 
noisily. [skin of a whale, or the like. 

blub'ber, n. The layer of fat beneath the 

blu'eher, l bUYclier or -ksr; 2 blu'eber: or 
-e§r, n. A half-boot or high shoe: named 
from the Prussian Field - marshal von 
Blucher, whose arrival gave Wellington the 
victory at Waterloo. 

Mudg'eon, 1 bluj'en; 2 bludg'on, n. A 
short club. 

blue, 1 blu; 2 blu. I. vt. [blued; blu'- 
XNQ.l To make blue. II. a. (blu'er; 
blitestJ Having the color of the clear 
sky. III. n. The color of the clear 
sky; azure; also, .a dye or pigment of 
this color.*- bIue / beU", n. A plant with 
blue, bell-shaped flowers.— blue'blrd", 
n. A small American 
bird, of a prevailing blue ^ ± 

above.- bFuCboftle, n. >r : m.? , i1.< 
1. A flesh-fly of a dark* 
blue odor. 2. A garden 
flower with tubular flo- 
rets, mostly blue.— blue'- 
stocking, n. A learned 
or literary woman. — —. 
bluish, a.- the blues, X 
low spirits; melancholy. ,- v 

Wolf*, \ 1 bluf ; 2 bluf, vt. If 

bluf, ) A vi. To over- M wi M 
awe by bold assump- Bluebird, 
tion; boast in order to mislead and daunt. 


bluff, a. 1. Blunt, frank, and hearty. 2. 
Steep and bold, as a cliff, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

bluff 1 , n. Boldness assumed in order to 
overawe or deceive. 

bluff*, n. A bold, steep headland. 

blun'der, 1 blun'der; 2 blun'der. I. vt. 6 
vi. To err egregiously; act stupidly. 
II. n. A stupid mistake.— blun'der-er, n. 

blun'der-buss, 1 blun'der-bus; 2 bliin'der- 
bus, n. A short gun with large bore and 
flaring mouth. 

blunt, 1 blunt; 2 bliint. Id. vt. & vi. To 
make or become blunt; dull. II. a. 1* 
Having a thick end or edge; not sharp; 
dull. 2. Abrupt in manner; plain-spoken; 
brusk.— bluntly, adv.— blunt'ness, n. 

blur, 1 blur; 2 blur. 1. vt. & vi. [blurred, 
blurd"; blub'rinq.] 1. To make or be- 
come obscure; dull; soil; blemish. 2. To 
become indistinct or smeared. II. n. A 
smeared or indistinct marking; a blemish. 

blurtd, 1 blurt; 2 blurt, vt. To utter ab- 
ruptly; burst out with: often followed by 

blush, 1 blvsli; 2 blush. I*, vt. &vi. To 
make or become red; flush: redden. II* 
n. 1. A reddening, as of the face; a red 
or rosy tint; flush. 2. A glance; glimpse. 

blus'ter, 1 blus'ter; 2 blus'ter. I. vi. To 
blow in gusts; fume with anger; threaten; 
swagger. II. n. Boisterous talk; a fit- 
ful and noisy wind; blast.— Mus'ter-er, n. 
— blus'ter-lng, pa. Windy; disagreeable; 
noisy; swaggering, blus'ter-ousi; bins'* 
ter-yt; blus'troust; blus'try*. 

bo 'a, 1 bo'e; 2 b6'a, n. 1. Any large non- 
poisonous serpent that crushes its prey. 
2. A long fur or feather neck«pieoe. 

boar, 1 bor; 2 bor, n. A male hog. 

board, 1 bord; 2 bord. I d . vt. 6 vi. 1. 
To enclose with boards. 2. To furnish 
or be supplied with meals for pay. 3. 
To come alongside or go on board of (a 
ship, etc.). IL n. 1. A thin and broad 
flat piece of wood. 2. A table, or the 
food served; meals furnished for pay. 8. 
An official body. 4. pi. The stage of a 
theater. 5. Pasteboard; a book-cover. 
6. The deck of a vessel; as, on board. 

board 'er, 1 bSrd'er; 2 bord'er, n. 1. One 
who receives meals for pay. 2. One de- 
tailed to board an enemy's ship. 

boast, 1 bost; 2 bdst. 1<*. vt. A vi. To 
proclaim ostentatiously; vaunt; exult; 
glory. II. n. 1. A boastful speech. 2. 
A source of pride.— boast' er, ».— boast'ful* 
a. Inclined to boast, -ly, adv. -nets, n. 

boat, 1 bot; 2 bot. I d . vt. & vi. To carry 
or place in a boat; go in a boat; row; 

1: » s final; i = habit; aisle; an = out; ell; In = feud; data; go; n=8lnp; thin, this. 
i: wolf,dg; b*ok. Wot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 



sail; navigate. II. n. A water-craft; es- 
pecially, a small vessel for oars or sails. 

k i 


boat 'swatn, 1 bSt'swSn or (Naut.) bS'sn; 
2 bot'swan or (Naut.) bd'sn, n. A petty 
officer of a ship in charge of rigging, an- 
chors, etc. 

bob, 1 bob; 2 bftb. I. vt. & vi. [bobbed, 
bobd»; bob'bing.] To move with a jerky 
motion; angle with a bob. II. n. 1. 
A^ cork or float on a fishing-line. 2. A 
small pendent object, as a pendulum. 3. 
A Jerky movement.— bob'«8led", n. Either 
of two short sleds, connected tandem by a 
top plank, or the vehicle so formed.— bob'- 
tall". I. a. Short- tailed; docked; deficient. 
bob'tall(e)d"8|. II' n. 1. A short or 
docked tail, or an animal marked by It. 2. 
The rabble; refuse. 

bob 'bin, 1 beb'in; 2 bdb'ln, n. A slender 
spool to hold thread. 

bob'o-Unk, 1 beb'o-link; 2 bftb'o-Hnk, n, 
A amall American 
singing bird, called .', 

also Ties* &ir<J, rwd* > 
bird. Mc. ^^:#|iWl 

bob'<wbite" l 1 beb> 

hwait"; 2 bob'-hwlt*, 
n> The North 1 ' Amur* . 
ican quail ; also, its ^j 
bode, 1 bod; 2 bod, 
vt. & vi. [bod' End s 
BOo'ixVfl.J To have 
a token or preeenti- 
ment of; presage *V M *"" 

. good or ill. Bobolink. »/t 

bod 'Ice, \ 1 bed'is ; 2 b8d'ic, n. The close- 
bod 't^ f j fitting waist of a woman's dress. 
bod'I-less,lbed'i-les; 2bod'i-16s, a. Hav- 
ing no body; corporeal. 
bod ? l-ly, 1 bed'i-h; 2 bod'i-ly. I. a. Per- 
taining to the body; corporeal. II. adv. In 
the body; in person; wholly; completely. 
bodldn, 1 bed'kin; 2 bod'kln, n. A 
pointed instrument for making holes in 
cloth, etc. 
bod'y, 1 bed'i; 2 bftd'y. I. vt. [bod'ied, 
1 bed'id, 2 b8d'id; bod'y-ing.) To em- 
body; represent. IL n. [bod'ies*, pi.] 
1. The entire physical part of a man or 
other animal; also, the trunk, exclusive 

of the limbs; the principal part of any* 
thing. 2. A person. 3. A solid. 4. A 
collection of persons or things, as one 

Boer, 1 bur; 2 bur, n. A Dutch colonist, or 
person of Dutch descent in South Africa. 

bog, 1 beg; 2 bfig. I. vt. & vi. [bogged, 
BOGD-; bog'ging.] To sink or stick in a 
bog. II. n. Wet and spongy ground; 
marsh; morass.— bog'gy, a. Swampy; miry* 

bog'gle, \ 1 beg'l; 2 bog'l, vt. & vi. [bog'- 

bog1 p , J gled, bog'ld p ; bog'gling.] To 
bungle; hesitate; quibble. 

bo'gie, l bO'gi; 2 bO'gi, n. Same as bogy. 

bo'^US, 1 bo'gus; 2 bo'gus, a. Counter- 
feit, as money; hence, fraudulent; fic- 
titious; spurious. 

bo'gy* 11 bS'gi; 2 bo'gy, n. [bo'gies", 

bo 'gey, j bo'geys", pl.\ A goblin; bugbear. 

Bo-he 7 mi-an, 1 bo-hl'mi-en; 2 bo-hg'mi-an, 

1. One of the people of Bohemia, 
a province of Austria • Hungary, or 
their language. 2. A gipsy. 3. [B- or 
b-] A person, as an author, artist, or actor, 
of unconventional and irregular life.— 
Bo-he'ini-an, a.— Bo-he'ml-an-lsm, n. 

boll, 1 beil; 2 b5il, vt. & vi. To bring or 
come to the boiling-point; cook, affect, or 
produce by boiling; bubble up; be agi- 
tated. — boll'er, n. A vessel in which a 
liquid is boiled or steam generated. 

boll 1 , n. A painful tumor in the skin. 

bolls, n . 1. The act or state of boiling. 2* 
An immersion in boiling water. 

bois'ter-ous, 1 beis'ter-us; 2 btfis'ter-us, a. 
Vociferous and rude; tempestuous, -ly, ado. 

bold, 1 bold; 2 bold, a. 1. Possessing, 
showing, or requiring courage; fearless; 
audacious; impudent. 2. Striking; vig- 
orous; prominent, -lytjadv. -ness, n. 

bole 1 , 1 bol: 2 bol, n. The trunk of a tree. 

bole*, n. A fine, compact, soft clay. 

bo-le'ro, l bo-16'ro; 2 bo-le'ro, n.»l. A Spanish 
dance In */i time, commonly with castanets; 
the music for this dance. 2. A blouse worn 
by ladles. 

bolL 1 bdl; 2 bol. I. vi. To form pods. 
If. n. 1. A round pod, as of flax. 2. A 

bol'ster, 1 bol'ster; 2 bal'ster. I. vt. To 
prop up; aid; abet. II. n. A long under- 
pillow for a bed. 

bolt"*, 1 bolt; 2 bolt, v. I. U 1. To fas- 
ten with a bolt. 2. [U. S.J To refuse to 
support, as a candidate. 3. To swallow 
hurriedly. 4. To expel; blurt out. II. 
i. 1. To run away, as a horse. 2. [U. 8.] 
To repudiate a party measure or candi- 

1 : artistic, firt; fat, fare; fast; get, prty; hit, police; obey, go ;net,or; full, role ;bot, bom. 
2: Hrt, ape. fit^fare^ast, what, all; ine, get, prgy, fern; hit, Ice; 1=8; 1=3; go, not, or, w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


date.— bolferS *. One who or that which 
bolts in any sense. 
bolt ]d * vt. To sift; examine as by sifting. 

— boit'er*. n. Same as bolt*, n. 

bell 1 * n. 1. A sliding bar for fastening a 
door, etc. ; any pin or rod used for fasten- 
ing. 2. An arrow; a long shot for a 
cannon; anything coming suddenly. 3. 
[U. S.l Desertion of a party, candidate, 
or policy. 4. A sudden start, or runaway. 
5. A roll, as of cloth. 

bolt s v n. A rotating frame for sifting flour. 

belt, adv. Like an arrow; swiftly; straight. 

— bolt upright, erect. 

bolus, 1 bSTus; 2 bolus, n. A large pill. 

bomb, \ 1 bom: 2 bom, n. A hollow iron 

bom p , j shell filled with explosive material 
to be shot from a cannon; also, any sim- 
ilar receptacle containing an explosive. 
-bombshell*; shell*. 

bom-bard '<*, 1 bom-bard'; 2 b6m-bard', vt. 
To attack with or as with cannon-balls 
or shells.— bom-bard'ment, n. 

bom 'bast, 1 bom'bast; 2 bdm'bast, n. 
Ponvxras language; rant.— bom-bas'tle, a. 
Inflated; grandiloquent. 

be'na fl'dcl bo'na fal'di; 2 bOn'a fTde. In 
good faith; without deceit: used In English as 
a compound adjective. 

bo-nan'ia, 1 bo-nan'sa; 2 bo-nan'sa, n. 
[U. 8.) A rich mine or vein of ore; profit- 
able speculation. 

bon 'bon, 1 bon'ben or {F.) ben'ben'; 2 
bdn'r-ftn or (F.) bdn"b6n, n. A sugar* 
plum; confection. 

bond d , 1 bend; 2 bond, tU To put under 
bond; mortgage; bind. 

Subject to servitude; enslaved. 
nald",». A female slave.— bond'- 
uhu. m. [] A male slave or serf. 
bonds'manj:.— bond'wo^man. n.fem. 

bond, n. 1. That which binds; a band; 
obligation, t. pi. Fetters; captivity. 3. 
An interest-bearing debt-certificate. 

bond 'age, 1 bend'ij: 2 bood'afc, n. Com- 
pulsory restraint; slavery; imprisonment; 

bond'ed, 1 bend'ed; 2 bond'ecl, pa. 1. 
Mortgaged, as property; secured by 
bonds, as a debt. 2. Held in bond for 
payment of duties. 

beads 'man, 1 bends'men; 2 bonds/man, 
n. [-ion, pi.] 1. Law. One who is bound 
as security for another; a surety. 2. A 

bene, 1 bdn; 2 bon, vt. [boned; bon'ing.] 
1. To remove the bones from. 2. To 
stiffen with whalebone. 3. To fertilize 

' with bone-dust. 

bone, n. 1. The skeleton of a vertebrate 

animal, or any portion of it. 2. pi The 
mortal remains. 3. Something made o* 
bone or the Use.— bone' •dost", n. Pulver 
lzed bone: used as a fertiliser.— boneless, a 
Having no bones or having had the bone* 

bon'flre", 1 ben'fair'; 2 bon'flr', n. A 
large fire, as of brush, in the open air. 

bonne, 1 ben; 2 bdn, n. A French nurse 

bon 'net, 1 ben'et; 2 bcn'Bt, n. A covering 
for the head, especially for women. 

bon'ny, 1 ben'i; 2 bon'y, a. Ibon'ni-eb 
bon'ni-est.] Having homelike beauty- 
sweet and fair; merry; cheery. 

bo'nus, 1 bd'nus; 2 bo 7 nus, n. A premiiln 
or extra allowance. 

bon'y, 1 bon'i; 2 bdn'y, a. 1. Of or lika 
bone. 2. Having prominent bones; thin', 
gaunt. fjw.l A dull fellow; dunce 

boo 'by, 1 bu'bi: 2 boo'by. n. [boo'bies* 

boo'dle, 1 bu'dl; 2 boo'dl, n. [Slang, U 
S.] 1. Money; especially, bribe-money oi 
corruption funds. 2. A lot or pack 
crowd; as, the whole kit and boodU 
— boo'dler, n. 

book, 1 buk; 2 bd&k. I*, vt. & vi. To en- 
ter in a book; engage beforehand. II. n. 
1* A number of sheets of paper bound o? 
stitched together; a printed and bound 
volume. 2. A treatise, or one of its sub 
divisions.— bo©k/blnd' f er, n. One whoa* 
trade is the binding of books.- bookish, a 
Fond of books; pedantic; unpractical.— book'* 
keep^er, n. One who keeps accounts; ai 

• accountant.— book'keep'lng, n. The a? 
or practise of recording business transaction* 
systematically.— bookselling, n.— book'* 
worm"', n. 1. A dose student. 2. Th» 
larva of an insect destructive to books. 

boom 1 , 1 bum; 2 boom. I. vt. & vi. T< 
sound with a deep, resonant tone; rusl 
onward impetuously. II. n. A deep, re 
verberating sound, as of a cannon. 

boom*. I. vt. To control or confine b* 
means of a boom. 
II. n. 1. A spar 
holding the foot 
of a fore-and-aft 
sail. 2. A chain 
of logs to confine 
floating logs, etc. 

boom*. L vt. & vi. 
To push forward ; l$ 2 
advance with a 

tt'/'ASSwt: Sloop, .how.*, boom 
OjJL. CJSSZr™ »» d bowsprit. 

£dden ri «tmtyor i , botlmti . t ^ wnHt 

g, 1 buro'i-ran ; 2 boom'e-rang. 

lr asffnel; I = habit; aisle; era = out; efi; M. = f««d; eliin; go; nspbi?; thin, mis. 
tc wetf, do/, beek, boot; fall, rpje, c*^ bn^b«ra;«l, bey; fo, gem; Ink; tbJn,t«s-. 

Digitized by VjOOQ lC 


n. A curved Australian missile that will 
return to the thrower. 

boon, 1 bun; 2 boon, a. Genial; jovial; 
prosperous; bounteous. 

boon, n. A good gift; favor; blessing. 

boor, 1 bar; 2 boor, n. 1. A coarse rustic: 
a rude fellow. 2. A Dutch peasant. 3. [B-J 
Same as Boer.— boorish, a . Rude; clownish. 

boose, v. A n. Same as booze . 

boost, 1 bust; 2 boost. I d . vt. To push or 
lift up. II. n. A lift; help. 

boot 1 , 1 but; 2 boot. I<*. irf. & vi. To put 
boots on; kickc IT. ». 1. A leather cover- 
ing for the foot, or foot and leg. 2. A car- 
riage receptacle, for carrying parcels, etc. 
— bootfblack'%n. One who cleans and blacks 
boots or shoes.— boot'Jaek", n. An imple- 
ment to aid In removing boots. 

toot*. I<*. vi. To profit; avail TL n. 1. 
Something over and above given in barter. 
t. Advantage; resource; help.— bootless, a. 
Profitless; useless: unavailing. -If, adv. 
-ness, n.— to boot, In addition; over and 

booth, 1 buth or bufli; 2 booth or booth, n. 
A stall, as at a fair; a temporary skelter. 

boo'ty, 1 bd'ti; 2 boo'ty, n. [boo'ties", 
pi.] The spoil of war: plunder; gain. 

booze, 1 bQz; 2 boos. I d . vi. To drink to 
excess; tipple. II. n. Strong drink; a 

fro'rax, 1 bS'raks; 2 bS'raks, n, A white 
crystalline compound used as an anti- 
septic and as a flux.— bo-rae'le, a. 

oor'der, 1 beVder; 2 bdr'der. I. vt. 6 vi. 
1. To put a border on. 2. To lie on the 
border; adjoin; approach; resemble: often 
with on or upon. VL n. A margin or 
edge; brink; verge; frontier. 

bore 1 , 1 bor; 2 bor, vt. & vi. [bored; bob'- 
inq.] To make a hole in; pierce; per- 
forate; tire; weary: annoy.— border, rt> One 
who or that wbich bores; especially, an In- 
sect or mollusk that bores Into wood. 

sore>, imp, f bear, v. 

bore, n. 1. A hole made by boring; the 
interior diameter, as of a firearm. 2. A 
tiresome person; an annoyance. 

oo're-al, 1 bd'n-el; 2 bo're-al, a. Per- 
taining to the north or the north wind; 
northern. [north wind. 

Bo're-AS, 1 bS'n-es; 2 bS're-as, n. The 

born, 1 Forms of pp. of bear 1 , v. : the form 

borne, j born being restricted to the sense 
given birth to, brought forth, and borne used 
as pp. in all other senses. 

born, 1 born; 2 bdrn, pa. 1. Brought forth, 
as offspring. 2. Natural; ingrained. 

bor'ough, ) 1 buVo; 2 bur'o, n. 1. [U. S.] 

bor'o*, /An incorporated village; sec- 

tion of a city. 2. CEng.] A municipal 
corporation or a privileged town. 

bor 'row, 1 ber'oj 2 bdr'o, vt. 6 vi. To ob- 
tain on promise of return; copy; adopt; 
pretend; feign. [words; nonsense. 

bosh, 1 besTi; 2 bosh, n. [Colloq.J Empty 

bo'som, 1 bu'sem; 2 bo'spm, n. The 
breast, or the part of a garment covering 
the breast; the affections. 

boss 1 , 1 bes; 2 bos. 1*. vt. To work in re- 
lief; emboss. II. n. A circular promi- 
nence; a knob; stud.— boss'y, a. 

boss', 1 bes; 2 bos. [Colloq., U. S.j I*. 
vt. <fc vi. To master; manage; dominate. 
II. n. 1. A superintendent or employer; 
manager; foreman. . 2. A dictator of a 
political party. 

bot, 1 bet; 2 bSt, n. A bot-fly, or its 
larva.— botfly", n. A fly, the larvae of 
which are parasitic, as in horses. 

bot'a-ny, 1 bet'e-ni; 2 b6t'a-ny, n. [-nibs", 
pi] The science that 1 reats of plants.— 
bo-tanf-cal, l bo-tan'i-ksr, 2 bo-tan'1-eal.a. 
bo-tan 'let.— bo-tan 1-cal-ly, adv.— bot'** 
nlst,n. One versed In botany.— bot 'a-nlse, 
1 bet's-nois; 2 bot'a-nls, vt. A vi. (-nizeb; 
-niz'ino.] To make botanical studies; ex* 
plore as a botanist, bot'a-nlsei. 

botch, 11 bedh; 2 boch. 1*. vt. 6 vi. To 

boch*, /do in a bungling way; mar: spoil; 
disfigure; bungle. II. n. A bungled piece 
- ■ Vv. 

of work ; a bungling workman.— botch' y , a. 

both, 1 bSth; 2 bdth. I. a. The two to- 
gether; the one and the other alike. IL 
pron. The two, including the one and 
the other; the pair. III. adv. & conj. 
Equally; alike; as well. 

both'er, 1 beth'ar; 2 both'er. Lttftfi, 
To trouble; annoy. IL n. A source of 
annoyance; perplexity; vexation.— both"er* 
a'tlon, n. Annoyance; vexation. 

bott, n. Same as bot. 

bot 'tie, 11 bot'l; 2 bofl, vt. [bot'tled, 

bofI p , |bot'ld';bot'tlino.] To put into 
a bottle or bottles; shut in. 

bot'tle 1 , n. 1. A narrow-mouthed vessel 
for liquids. 2. What a bottle will hold. 

bot'tle 1 ! ♦ n. A bundle, as of hay. 

bot 'torn* 1 bet' em; 2 bot'om. I. vt. 6 vi. 
To base or found (upon) ; fathom; rest; 
touch bottom. II. a. Lowest; funda- 
mental; basal. III. n. 1. The lowest 
part of anything; base; support; root; 
dregs. 2. The ground beneath or low 
land near a body of water. 3. The part 
of a vessel below the water-line; hence, a 
vessel. 4. Endurance; stamina; grit.— 
bot'tom-less, a. Having no bottom; unfath- * 
omable; baseless; visionary. 


it Mrt,ipe,f 4t > fare t fast > what,all; me, get, prey, fern; hit. Ice; 1=6; i=e; gft v noi,6r, won, 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


bou'doir', 1 bu'dwSy; 2 bu'dwar\ n. A 

lady's private sitting-room. 
bough, 1 bau; 2 bou. n. A limb of a tree. 


_ it, l bet; 2 bot, imp. A pp. of but, v. 

bouiTlon, 1 bul'yen; 2 bul'yon, n. Clear 
beef soup. 

boul'der, 1 bdl'der; 2 b61'der,n. A large de- 
tached angular or rounded stone, bowl'derj. 

boule-vard, 1 bu'ld-vard; 2 bu'le-vard, n. 
A broad avenue, usually planted with trees. 

bounce, 1 bauns; 2 bounc. I. vt. & vi. 
[bounced*; bounc/ino.] To cause to 
. bound; move with a bound. II. n. A 
bounding or elastic motion; spring; leap; 
bound; rebound.— boun'cer, n. Something 
that bounces; a big, strong person or thing; 
an audacious lie.— bouncing, pa. Strong; 
large; exaggerated; boastful; untruthful. 

bound 1 , 1 bound; 2 bound. l d . vi. To 
leap lightly; spring; rebound. IL n. A 
fight elastic spring; a rebound. 

bound'. I d . vt. To set bounds to: form 
the boundary of; adjoin; name the bound- 
aries of. If. n. 1. That, which circum- 
scribes; a boundary. 2* vl. The district 
included within a boundary or limits. 
— boundless, a. Having no limit; vast; 
Infinite, -ly, adv. 

bound, imp. A pp. of bind, v. 

bound, pa. 1. Made fast; tied; confined; 
compelled. 2, Havinga cover or binding. 

bound, a. Having one's course directed; 
destined; with for or to. 

bound 'a-ry, 1 baund'e-n; 2 bound'a-ry, n. 
[-RIE8*, pl.l A limiting line or mark; 
Emit. [Obligatory; necessary; obliged. 

bound 'en, 1 baund'en; 2 bound'en, a. 

boun'to-OUS, 1 baun'ti-us; 2 boun'te-us, a. 
Oenereus; beneficent; plentiful, -ly, adv. 

boun'ti-ftll, 1 baun'ti-ful; 2 boun'ti-ful, a. 

Bounteous; generous; abundant, -ly, adv. 

-ness, n. 
boun'ty, 1 baun'ti; 2 boun'ty, n. [-<nE8«, 

pi.] Liberality; munificence; generous 

gifts; an allowance from a government. 
bou'quet', 1 bu"k€'; 2 byTce/, n. 1. A 

bunch of flowers; a nosegay. 2, Aroma. 
bourn, 11 born; 2 born, n. 1. A limit; 
bourne, J bound; goal; end. & A burn. 
bourse, 1 burs; 2 burs, n. 1. Finance. 

An exchange or money market, especially 

the Paris stock exchange. 2. Anat. A 

sac-like structure. 
bout, 1 bout; 2 bout, n. I. A single turn; 

a set-to; a reveL %• A bend or turn, as 

of a rope; bight. [slow; stupid. 

bo'rtne, 1 oo^vin; 2 bd'vin, a. Ox-like; 
bow 1 , 1 bou; 2 bow, v. [bowed, bowd"; 1 


baud, 2 bowd; bowling, 1 bau'in, 2 bcV* 
ing.] I. t. To bend or cause to bend for* 
ward, as in reverence; subdue: humili- 
ate; oppress. IL i. To bend; assent 
worship; submit; yield. 

bow*, lbo;2bd,vt. [bowed, bowdS; 1 bock 
2 bod; bow'ing, 1 bo'in, 2 bS'ing.] T< 
curve like a bow; bend. 

bow 1 , 1 bau; 2 bow, n. A bending of bod} 
or head forward and downward, as ir 

bow*, lbo; 2bo, n. 1. A bend or curve, o> 
bent or 

JJ*^ Bow and Arrows, 

bon, rim of spectacles, etc. 2* An elastic 
weapon, bent by a cord, for shooting ar* 
rows. 3. A rod bearing parallel hairs, 
used with a violin.— bow-knot", n. A knot 
made to be readily untied.— bow window, 
a curved projecting window built up from the 

bow*, 1 bau; 2 bow, n. The forward part 
of a vessel; prow. 

bow'el, 1 bau'el ; 2 bow's, n. An intestine-, 
in the plural, the intestinal regions; for* 
merly, pity; compassion; heart. 

bow'er, 1 bau'er; 2 bow / 6r, n. A shady 
recess: private apartment; arbor; boudoir, 

bow 'le •knife", 1 bd'i-naif; 2 bd'i-nlf, n. 
[U. S.] A strong hunting-knife. 

bowl, 1 bol; 2 bdl, v. 1. 1. To roll; trun- 
dle along; hit with anything rolled; knock 
down; prostrate. II. i. To roll a bowl, 
deliver a cricket*ball or the like; move 
smoothly, as on wheels.— bowl'er, n. 1< 
One who plays at bowls. 2. Cricket. The 
player who delivers the ball. 

bowl 1 , n. A concave vessel, larger than t 
cup; a large goblet. [pins. 

bowl*, n. A large wooden ball for ten- 

bow 'sprit, 1 bd'sprit; 2 ba'sprlt, n. A 
spar projecting forward from the bow o/ 
a vessel. See lllus. under boom. 

box 1 *, 1 beks; 2 bdks, vt. To put into oi 
furnish with a box: often with up. 

box**, v . I. t. To cuff or buffet. II. * 
To spar, as with boxing-gloves.— boxing, n 
Sparring; pugilism, 

box 1 , n. 1. A case, as of wood or metal; • 
coachman's raised seat. 2* The quan- 
tity that a box will hold. 

box*, n. A slap or cuff. 

box*,n. A small tree or shrub of the spurge 
family; also, its wood, called boxvxtod. 

box'er 1 , n. One who packs things in boxes. 

1: Osffoal; i = habit; tdsle; era = o«t; ofi; Hk = feud; enin; go; rj = sin<7; thin, ttita, 
S: wolf, do,; book, boot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; oil, boy; fo, tern; Ink; thin, thia 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

Id.»f. To 


box'er*, n. One who spars or boxes; a 

Box'er*, n. A member of a Chinese secret 
society, active in 1900, which aimed to 
rid China of foreigners by massacre, etc. 

boy, 1 bei; 2 boy, n. A male child; lad; 
youth.— boy'hood, n. The state or period 
of being a boy; boys collectively.— boy'lsh, 
a. Of, pertaining to, or like boys or boy- 

boy'eott, 1 beiTcet; 2 Wy'eot. Id. vt. To 
exclude from all dealings or intercourse; 
ostracise. O. n. Refusal of all fWiiwga 
with a person or persons. 

brace, 1 bres; 2 brae. I. vt. [braced*; 
bbac'ing.1 To strengthen; prop; bind. 
II. n. 1. A support to hold something 
firmly in place. 2. A crank-like handle, 
as for a Dit. See illus. at bit. 3. A 
clasp; a curved line (<-*-0 for uniting 
words, etc. 4. A pair; couple; two. 

bracelet, 1 bres'let; 2 bracm, n. An or- 
namental band encircling the wrist or 
arm. ' 

brack'et, 1 brak'et; 2 brak'gt. 
put in brackets; join; couple. 
II. n. 1. A piece projecting 
from a wall, as a support, a 
gas-fixture, etc. 2. In print- 
ing or writing: (1) One of two 
enclosing marks. [J. (2) A 

brack 'ish, 1 brak'isli; 2 
brak'ish, a. Salty; salt. 

bract, 1 brakt; 2 bract, n. A 
modified leaf in a flower* .-. 
cluster. Bracket. 

brad, 1 brad; 2 brad, n. A small and slen- 
der nail. 

frrag, 1 brag; 2 brag. I. vt. &vi. [bragged, 
braqd"; brag'qing.] To boast; vaunt 
oneself. II. n. Boastfulness; boast; a 
boaster.— brag'gart, 1 brag 7 art; 2 brafart, 
n. A vain boaster. 

ftrah'mi, 1 bra'me; 2 brs'ma, n. Hindu 
divinity; first of the triad, Brahma, Vishnu, 
and Siva. 

braid, 1 bred; 2 brad. I<*. vt. To weave 
together* plait; put braid on. II. n. A 
narrow flat strip for binding or ornament- 
ing fabrics; anything braided or plaited. 

brain, 1 brSn; 2 bran, n. That part of the 
central nervous system that is within the 
skull; hence, mind; intellect: often in the 
plural.— bra In'less, a. Without brain; 
senseless; stupid. 

brake 1 , 1 brek; 2 br*Jc, v. [beaked; brak'- 
ing.J I. t. To apply a brake to; re- 
duce the speed of; bruise, as flax. II. t. 
To act as brakeman. 

brake* [Archaic or Poet.], imp. of break, t. 

brake 1 , n. 1. A device for retarding mo- 
tion, as of a wheel. 2* A harrow. 3. 
An implement for separating the fiber of 
flax, hemp, etc.— brakesman, brakee'man, 
n. [-men, pi.) One who tends a brake or 

brake*, n. A variety of fern; bracken. 

brake*, n. A thicket. 

bram'ble, \ 1 bram'bl; 2 bram'bl, n. The 

bram'bl*, /European blackberry; hence, 
any prickly shrub. 

bran, 1 bran; 2 bran, n. The coarse outer, 
coat of wheat, rye, and other cereals. 

branch, 1 brondh; 2 branch. 1*. vt. & vt. 

• To divide into or adorn with branches; 
put forth branches. II. a. Diverging 
from or merging in a trunk, stock, or 
main part. III. n. A secondary stem, 
as of a tree; an offshoot; side issue; di- 
vision; department; tributary. 

brand, 1 brand; 2 brand. l d . vt. To 
mark with a brand; stigmatize; imprint 
indelibly. II. n. 1. A firebrand; a 
mark burnt with a hot iron; trade-mark; 
stigma. 2. Quality; kind. 3. A brand- 
ingxiron. 4. A sword. 

bran'dlsh*, 1 bran'disTi; 2 bran'dish, vL 
To wave triumphantly or defiantly. 

brand '*new", 1 brand'-niu"; 2 brand'*nu", 
a. Quite new; fresh and bright. 

bran My, 1 bran'di; 2 br&n'dy, n. [bran'- 
dies*, pi.] An alcoholic liquor distilled 
from wine. 

bra'sler, n. Same as brazier. 

brass, 1 bras; 2 bras, n. An alloy of copper 
and zinc.— bras'sy, a. Covered with, made 
of, or like brass. [tuously. 

brat, 1 brat; 2 brat, n. A child: contemp- 

bra-va'do, 1 br e-vg'lor -va'ldo; 2 bra- 
v&'[or -va'ldo, n. [-dos» or -does 8 , pi.] 
Arrogant defiance; affectation of bravery. 

brave, 1 brev; 2 brav. I. vt. [braved; 
braVing.] To meet with courage; defy; 
dare; challenge. II. o. [brav'er; brav'- 
est.] 1. Having or showing courage; 
intrepid; courageous. 21. Elegant: 
showy; splendid. III. n. A man oi 
courage; a soldier; a North«American 
Indian warrior; a bravo, -ly, adv.— bra'* 
▼er-y, 1 brCver-i; 2 brfi'ver-y, n. [-res", 
pi.] 1. Valor; gallantry; berolsm. 3. Ele- 
gance of attire; show; splendor. 

bra 'TO, 1 brg'vo or bra'vo; 2 bra'vo or 
bra'vo. I. n. [bra'vos 1 or bra'voes*, 
pi.] 1. A daring villain; hired assassin; 
bandit. 2. A shout of applause. II. 
1 bra'vo; 2 bra'vo, inter?. Good I well 
done I 

1: curtistic, Ort ; fat^ fare ; fast ; get, prey ; bit, poU^ 

b:*^UDe,ttt,fare,fast t wha t*§U; me\ get, prgy, fern; hit,Ice;I=6; i=e;g0,ndt,6r,wbn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

l»a?r^lbrel;2bral. I.vL&ri. Toutter 
noisily; wrangle; flow noisily, as water. 
II. n. A noisy quarrel or wrangle; a 
row; a roaring of a stream. 

brawn* 1 bren; 2 bran, n. 1. Flesh; firm 
muscle; strength. 2. The flesh of the 
boar.— brawn'y, 1 bren'i; 8 bran'y, a. Mus- 
cular; strong. [or mix, as In mortar. 

bray 1 , 1 bre; 2 bra, vi. To bruise, pound, 

bray*, vt. & vi. To utter loudly and harsh- 
ly; give forth a bray. [cry of an ass. 

bray, n. Any loud, harsh sound, as the 

braae 1 , 1 brez; 2 bras, vi. [brazed; braz'- 
DJQ.] To make of or like brass; orna- 
ment with brass. 

braae*, vt. To join by hard solder. 

bra 'sen, 1 br§'zn ; 2 brfi'zn, a. Made of or 
like brass; Impudent; shameless. -ly, adv. 

■ •nets, n. [who works In brass. 

bra'tler*, i brewer; 2 Dra'sher, n. One 

bra'zlei*, n. A pan for holding live coals. 

breach, 1 brfdh ; 2 brech. I*, vt. To make 
a breach in; break through. II. n. 
The act of breaking; a gap or break; a 

bread, 11 bred; 2 brecl, n. An article of 

bred 8 , /food made of flour or meal; pro- 
visions; subsistence. 

— bread'fralt", n. The fruit of a tree 
of the South Sea Islands: when roasted, re- 
sembling bread; also, the tree. — ~ 
etufiT, ri. Material 
forbread; grain, 
meal, or flour. 

breadth, ) 1 bred£h; 

bredth", §2 bredth, 
n. Measure or 
distance from 
side to side; 
width; liberal- 
ity; a piece of 
a fabric of 
uniform width. 

break, 1 brek: 
brak. v. [broke, 
lbrdk, 2brdk, or brake (poet.); bro'ken, 
lbr6'kn,2 brd'kn, or broke; brbak'ing.] 

1. t. 1. To separate into parts or frag- 
ments, as by a blow; rupture; shatter. 

2. To fail to keep; violate; transgress. 3. 
To make bankrupt. 4> To degrade, as a 
military or naval officer; cashier. 5. To 
disclose cautiously, as ill tidings. 6. To 
reduce to discipline; tame. II. %. 1. To 
become fractured, as by a blow; part; 
burst. 2. To change suddenly; dawn, as 
the day; begin. 3. To fail; become bank- 
rupt.— break'a-bl(e r , a.— break'age, n. 
1. A breaking, or being broken. 2. Articles 
broken.— break'down", n. The act of 


breaking down; a eonapse.— break'er, a» 
One who or that wblcb breaks; a wave that 
breaks on a beach, etc.— break'neck". L 
a. Likely to break the neck; dangerous, 
II. n. A steep and dangerous place.— 
break'wa"ter, a. A mole or wall for 
protecting a harbor from the force of waves, 

break, 1 br6k; 2 brak, n. 1. A breach) 
interruption. 2. A starting or opening 
out; as, the break of day. 

breakTast, 1 1 brek'f est; 2 breVfast. I*. 

brek'fasts, fvL&vi. To give a breakfast 
to; eat breakfast. Ik* n. The first meal 
of the day. 

breast, 1 1 brest; 2 brest. Id. vt. To en- 

brest*, /counter; buffet; stem. II. n. L. 
The front of the chest. 2. One of the 
mammary glands; the bosom. 3. The 
sest of the affections; mind; heart.— breast'* 
plate", n. Defensive plate armor for the 
breast. — breast'work", n. Fort. A low 
temporary defensive work; a parapet. 

breath, 11 breth; 2 breth, n. 1. Air re- 

breth 8 , /spired; respiration; life. 2. A 
breathing-time; pause: instant.— breath'- 
less, a. 1. Out of breath; taking away the 
breath: intense; eager. 2. Without breath! 
dead, -ly, adv. -ness, a. 

breathe, 1 brim; 2 breth, v. [breath ed j 
brrathd 8 ; breath'ing.| 1. t. 1. To inhale 
and exhale, as air; respire; emit; uttert 
manifest. 2. To exercise; overture. 8. 
To rest, as for breath. II. i. 1. To 
inhale and exhale air; respire; be alive. 
2. To pause for breath. 3. To exhale. 

bred, imp. A pp. of breed, v. 

breech, 1 brldh; 2 brech, n. The pos« 
terior and lower part of the body, the 
rear end of a gun. 

breech 'es, 1 bridh'ez; 2 brfch'eg, n. pi. A 
garment for men, covering the waist, hips, 
and thighs. 

breech 'lug, 1 bricVin; 2 brfch'ing, n. A 
hold-back strap passing behind a horse's 

breed. 1 brld; 2 bred, e. [bred; breed'- 
ing.J I. t. 1. To produce, as offspring] 
beget; hatch; raise; originate; cause. 2, 
To bring up; train. II. t. 1. To produce 
young. 2. To be born; develop; origi« 
nate.— breeding, 1 brld'in; 2 brfid'lng, tu 
1. The production of offspring. 2. Nurture! 
training; manners. 

breed, n. The progeny of one stock; a 
race or strain; a sort or kind. 

breeze, 1 1 briz; 2 brSz, n. A light wind.— 

brees p , /breez'y, 1 brlz'i; 2 brex'y, a, 
Airy; windy; animated. 

breth 'ren, 1 breth'ren; 2 brSth'ren, n. p*, 

1: as final; i = habit; able; onsotit; ell; fit = feud; c*hin; go; rj=sln^; thin, Oils, 
t: wolf, do,; book, Mot; f*U, r»le, cftre, btit,bArn; Oil, boy; go, ftem; l»k; thin, thia> 




bre-vet', 1 bn-vet'; 2 bre-veY. I. vt. 
[BRE-VET / TED d ; brb-vet'ting.1 To pro- 
mote by brevet. II. a. Held or con- 
ferred by brevet; holding rank by brevet; 
brevetted. III. n. Mil. A commission 
giving an officer an honorary rank above 
his Day. [pi.] A prayer-book. 

tore f rl-a-ry,lbrt r vi-6-n;2bre / vl-ft-ry,n. [-bibs'. 

brev'1-ty, 1 brev'i-ti; 2 brev'i-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] Shortness; conciseness. 

brew, 1 brQ; 2 bru. I. vt. & vi. To make 
by fermentation, as beer; concoct; plot; 
contrive; be preparing. II. n. That 
which is brewed: the product of brewing. 
— brew'er, l brd'er; 2 bru'er, n.— brew*- 
er-y, 1 bru'er-i; 2 bru'&r-y, n. [-ieb*. pi.] 
An establishment for brewing. 

bribe, 1 broib; 2 brlb. I. vt. & vi. [bribed; 
brib'inq] Togive a bribe to; give or 
offer bribes. IL n. Any gift used cor- 
ruptly to influence public or official ac- 
tion; anything that seduces or allures; an 
allurement.— brib'er. n. One who gives or 
offers a bribe.— brib'er-y, n. [-ies«, pi.] The 
giving, offering, or accepting of a bribe. 

orlc'«a*brac". 1 brik'-e-brak"; 2 brfc'-a- 
brae", n. Objects of curiosity; rarities; 

brick, 1 brik; 2 brik. I*, vt. To cover or 
line with bricks. II. n. A molded block 
of clay, usually burned; bricks collec- 
tively.— brlck'bat", n. A piece of a brick. 
-brick' ■kiln", l brtk'-kir; 2 brfk'-kir, n. 
k structure in which bricks are burned.— 
brick'laj?"er, n. One who builds with bricks. 

tri'dal, 1 brai'del; 2 brl'dal. 1. a. Per- 
taining to a bride or wedding. IL n. A 

Oride, 1 braid; 2 brld, n. A newly married 
woman; woman about to be married. 

ftride'groom", 1 braid'grum'; 2 brfd'- 
groom", n. A man newly married or 
about to be married. 

orldes'mald", 1 broids'med"; 2 brids/- 
mad", n. An unmarried woman who at- 
tends a bride at her wedding. 

Orldgis 1 brij ; 2 brldg, I. vt. [bripged; 
To a pa ii» 
*m with a 
bridgi'; get 
>ver; pofti, 
IL n. A 
*t nn'Jij r<i 
erected to 
afford pas- 
sage across Girder Bridge, 
a waterway, gorge, or the like; a raised 


bridge whist. A variety of the game of whist. 

bri'dle, 1 brai'dl; 2 brl'dl, v. [bri'dled; 
bri'dlinq.] I. t. To put a bridle on; 
check; curb; control. It. **. To raise the 
head and draw in the chin, as through re- 
sentment, etc. 

bri'dle, n. The head-harness of a horse., 
including bit and reins; any check; curb. 

brief, 1 brif ; 2 bref . I*, vt. To epitomise; 
abridge. II. a. Short in time or space; 
quickly passing; concise; limited. IIL n. 
Any short statement, as of a law-case; an 
epitome. — briefly, adv. 

brl'er, 1 brai'er; 2 brl'Sr, n. A prickly 
bush or shrub, brl'ari.— brl'er-y, a. 

brig, 1 brig; 2 brig, n. A two-masted 
square-rigged vessel. 

brl-gade', 1 bn-ged'; 2 bri-gad'. Mil L 
vt. [BRi-QAD'EDd; bri-gad'ing.] To form 
into a brigade. IL n. A force of two or 
more regiments. 

brig"a-dler', 1 brig'e-dlr'; 2 brfg"a-deV, n. 
A general who commands a brigade, brlga* 
dler 'general;. 

brlg'and, . 1 brig'end; 2 brfg'and, a. A 
robber; a bandit.— brtg'and-age, n. Rob- 
bery; brigands collectively. 

brig ' an- tine, 1 brig'en-tin; 2 brig'an-tln, 
n. A vessel like a orig, except for having 
a fore-and-aft mainsail: once much used 
by pirates. 

bright, 1 broit; 2 brit, o. Full of light; 
shining; brilliant; quick-witted; cheery; 
illustrious. -Iy, adv. -ness, n — brlght'en, 
1 brait'n ; 2 brlt'n, vt. A vt. To make or be- 
come bright or brighter; illuminate; cheer. 

brilliance, ) 1 briTyens, -yen-si; 2 brfl"- 

brillian-cy, Jyanc, -yan-cy, n. Bright- 
ness; luster. 

brilliant, 1 bril'yent; 2 brfl'yant. I. a. 
Glowing with light; gleaming; splendid; 
accomplished, illustrious. II. n. A dia- 
mond of the finest cut. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

brim, 1 brim; 2 brim. I. vt. & vi. [brimmed, 
brimd 8 * brim'ming.] To fill or be filled to the 
brim. II. n. The rim. as of a cup; margin; 
edge; border. — brlm'ful", o. Full to the 
brim. brlm'fuU"*. 

brim 'stone", 1 brim'ston"; 2 brim'ston', n. 

brln'dled, 1 brin'dld; 2 brfn'dld, a. Ir- 
regularly streaked with color, brln'dedi.— 
brin'dl(e p , 1 brin'dl; 8 brin'dl. I. a. Brin- 
dled. II. n. A brindled color, or a brindled 

brine, 1 brain; 2 brln, n. Salt water; the 
sea; tears.— brl'ny, a. 

bring, 1 brin; 2 bring, vt. [brought, 1 
bret, 2 brdt; bring'ing.] 1. To convey or 
conduct to or toward the speaker; cause to 

I: artistic, art; fat, fire; fast ; get, prty ; hit, police; obey, go; net,©*; full, rale; but,*>Orn. 
*: *rt,ai)e,fat,fare,fast,what,.aU;me,get,pr£y,fern; bJt,Ice;I=fl;i=S;ge,ndt,dr,wdn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


come; fetch. 2. To Influence; persuade; 
produce; render; fetch as a price. 

brink, 1 brink; 2 brink, n. The verge, as of 
a precipice; margin; bank; shore. 

brl'o, 1 brl'o; 2 brl'o, adv. Mus. With anima- 
tion; spiritedly, con brio*. 

brisk, 1 brisk; 2 brisk, a. Quick; sprightly; 
lively, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

brls'ket, 1 bris'ket; 2 brfs'kSt, n. The 
breast of an animal. 

brls'tle, 1 bris'l; 2 bris'l. 1. vt. A vi. 
[bris'tled, bris'tld*; bris'tling.] 1. To 
erect, or stand erect, as bristles; make 
bristly; excite; irritate; agitate. 2. To 
be thickly beset, as with bristles. II. n. 
A coarse, stiff hair, as of swine.— brf s'tly, 1 
brisOi; 2 bris'ly. a. Having or resembling 
bristles.— brls'tll-ness, n. 

British, 1 brit'isn; 2 brit'ish. I. a. Pertain- 
ing to Great Britain, the United Kingdom, 
or the British Empire. Bri-tan'nlcJ. II. n. 
1. pi. The.peopte of -Great Britain. 2. The 
language of the ancient Britons. 

Brit ' on, 1 brit'en; 2 brlt'on, n. 1. One 
of the ancient Celtic people of Great 
Britain, 2. A native or citizen of Great 

brlt'tle, \l britl; 2 britl, a. Liable to 
brltl p , j break: fragile.— brft'tle-ness, n. 
broach, 1 brorfh; 2 broch. 1*. vt. 1. To 

mention or introduce (a matter); make 
public. 2. To tap, as a cask. II. n. 1. A 
boring-tool ; reamer. 2. A brooch. 
broad, 1 bred; 2 brdd, a. 1. Extended in 
width: wide; vast. 2. Comprehensive; 
catholic; liberal; tolerant. 3. Strong, 
rude, or coarse, as speech. -If, adv. -ness, n. 
— broad'cast". I. vt. To scatter widely. 

II. a. & adv. Scattered abroad, as seed. 

III. n. A casting or scattering of seed, 
etc., over the ground.— broad'cloth", n. 
A fine quality of black cloth. — broad'- 
■tde". I. n. 1. All the guns on one side 
of a man-of-war, or their simultaneous dis- 
charge: any sweeping attack. 2. A vessel's 
side above the water-line. 8. A large sheet 
of paper, printed on one side. II. adv. 
With the broadside turned, presented, or 
exposed.— broadsword", n. A sword with 
a broad cutting blade and obtuse point. 

broad 'en, 1 bred'n; 2 brdd'n, vt. & vi. To 

make or become broad or broader. 
bro-eade', 1 bro-ked'; 2 bro-ead', n. A 

silken fabric woven with raised figures. 
brochure', 1 bro'sTiur'; 2 bro'chur', n. A 

pamphlet; slight sketch. 
bro'gan, 1 brS'gan; 2 brd'g&n, n. A 

coarse, heavy shoe. 
brogue, 1 brog; 2 brog, n. A dialectic 

(especially Irish) pronunciation of En- 


broil, 1 broil; 2 broil, vt. & vi. To cook by 

direct heat, as over coals. 
broil 1 , n. A turmoil; noisy quarrel; brawl. 
broils, n. Something broiled ; a broiling heat' 
broke, imp., bro'ken, pp., of break, v. 
bro'ker, 1 bro'karj.2 bro'ker, n. One who 

buys and sells for another on commission. 

— bro'ker-age, n. The business or conn 
mission of a broker. 

bron'chl-al, 1 breoTn-el; 2 br8n'ei-al, a, 
Of or pertaining to the chief air-passages 
of the lungs, called the bronchial tube*.—- 
bron-chl'tls, 1 breo-koi'tis or -kftis; 2 bron- 
ertls or -el'tls, n. Inflammation of the bron- 
chial tubes. / 

bron'co, 1 bren'ko; 2 brftn'co, n. PCJ. S.J 
A native American horse; mustang, bron'- 

bronze, 11 brenz; 2 br6ns. I. vt. 

brons p , / [bronz(e)d 8 ; bronz'ing.] To 
harden or color like bronze: brown; tan. 
II. n. A reddish-brown alloy of copper 
and tin, or a statue made of it; a bronze- 
like pigment. [n. A breastpin. 

brooch, 1 brSdh or brfldh; 2 brSch or brooch^ 

brood, 1 brud; 2 brood. I d . vt. & vi. To 
cover, as a bird its young; incubate) 
cherish; nurse; meditate. II. n. All the 
young birds of a single hatching; offspring) 

brook% 1 bruk; 2 brd&k, vt. To put up 
with; endure. (let, 

brook, n. A small natural stream; a nvu« 

broom, 1 brum; 2 broom, n. 1. A brush 
for sweeping. 2. A shrub of the bean 
family, with stiff green branches.— broom'- 
corn'% n. A cane-like grass, of which brooms 
are made.— broom'stlck", n. The handle 
of a broom. 

broth, 1 brefli; 2 brdth, n. The liquor in 
which meat has been boiled; a thin or 
strained soup. 

brotb'er, 1 bruth'er; 2 brother, n, 
[broth'ers or breth'ren, 1 breth'ren; & 
breth'ren, pi.] A son of the same parents or 
parent; a close companion or associate, 

— broth'er-hood, n. Fraternal relation- 
ship; a society or fraternity.— broth'er4n« 
law", n. A brother of a husband or of a wife/ 
the husband of a sister or of a wife's sister. 

— broth'er-ly, a. Pertaining to or like a 
brother; fraternal. 

brough'am, 1 bru'sm; 2 bru/am, n. A 

close four-wheeled vehicle. 
brought, 1 bret; 2 brdt.f 

imp. & pp. of bring, v. 
brow, 1 brau; 2 brow, n.S_ 

The forehead; eyebrow;. Brougham. 

countenance; upper edge of a cliff or the 


5 pry am, n. a 

1: •» final; 1 = habit; aisle; on = out; ell; la = f«ud; iJhin; go; rjssinp; thin, this. 
9: wolf, do/, bdbk, Mot; full, rute, cure, but, burn: oil, boy; to, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


trew'beat", 1 brau'blf; 2 brow'bSf, »f. 

' [bbow'beat"' bbow'beat "en; bbow 7 - 
beat'ing.] To intimidate: cow: bully. 

teown, 1 braun; 2 brown. I. vt. & vi. To 
make or become brown ; bronze ; tan. II. 
a. Of a color made up of red, yellow, 
and black. 111. n. A dusky color, as of 
faded leaves, or a pigment or dye pro- 
ducing it; a thing or part that is brown. 
'brownish, a. Of a color inclining to 
brown.— brown study, absent-mindedness; 
deep reverie: 

brownie, 1 braun'i: 2 brown'i, n. A 
homely good-natured sprite. 

Dru 'in, 1 bru'in ; 2 bru'in, n. A bear. 

braise, 1 bruz; 2 brug. I. vt. & vi. 
(bruised; bruis'ing.] To batter; dent; 
inflict a bruise or bruises; contuse; crush. 
II. n. A surface injury caused by violent 
contact; contusion.— bruls'er, n. A pugilist. 

droit, 1 brQt; 2 brut. Id. vt. & vi. To 
noise abroad* report; proclaim. II. n. A 
rumor noised abroad; a din; clamor. 

bra-nette', 1 bru-net'; 2 bru-neV, n. A 
woman or girl of dark complexion, eyes, and 
hair. [shock or stress; hardest part. 

brant, 1 brunt; 2 brunt, n. The main 

brash, 1 brusli; 2 brush. I*, vt. & vi. To 
use a brush on; sweep; touch or move 
lightly. II. n. 1. An implement, as of 
bristles, for cleansing, smoothing, etc. 
2. The act of brushing. 8. A thicket; 
wooded country; brushwood. 4. A bushy 
object, as the tail of the fox. ft. A smart 
skirmish; a dashing ride; chase.— brush'- 
wood", n. A low thicket; underwood; cut 
bushes or branches. 

bnisk, 11 brusk.brusk; 2 brttsk, brusk, 

brusque, /a. Rude or curt; blunt; off- 
hand, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

brute, 1 brQt; 2 brut. I. a. Animal; un- 
intelligent; material, unconscious; brutal. 
II. n. Any animal other than man; a 

. brutal person.— brutal* a. Characteristic 
of or like a brute; sensual; cruel; unfeeling; 
rude.— bru-tal'1-ty, n. [-ties*, pi] The 
being brutal; a brutal action.— bru'tal-lse, 
vt. [-ized; -izlNQ.l To make brutal.— 
bra'tal-ly, adv.— brutish, a. Of or like a 
brute; stupid; irrational; sensual.— brut'- 
lsh-Ijr, adv.— brut'lsb-ness, n. 

bub'ble, U bub'l; 2 bub'l. I. vi. [bub'- 

bubl p , /bled, bub'ld p ; bub'bling.] To 
form bubbles; rise in bubbles: make an 
intermittent liquid sound. II. n. 1. A 
vesicle of liquid, filled with air or other 

Es. 2. Anything unsubstantial; a de- 
sion; cheat: fraud. 
buc"ca-neer', ) 1 bukVnlr'; 2 buVa-n€r\ 
buc"a-nier', J n. A pirate or freebooter. 

A vessel, 


Bo-ceph's-las, I biu-sef s-lus; 2 bu-ceTa-lus, 
n. The war-horse of Alexander the Great. 

buck% 1 buk; 2 buk, vt. & vi. To spring 
viciously from the ground, as a horse or 
mule; throw (a rider) by vicious plunges. 

buck 1 , n. 1. The male of various animals, 
as of deer. 2. A dashing fellow. 

buck 2 , n. The act of bucking. 

buck 'board", 1 buk'bord'; 2 buk'bord", ». 
[U. S.l A light, four-wheeled vehicle hav- 
ing a long elastic board in place of body 
and springs. 

buck'et, 1 buk'et; 2 btik'St, n. 
with a bail, for dipping or car- 
rying liquids; a compartment 
on a water-wheel, or the like. J 

buck'eye", 1 buk'ai'; 2 buk'-fj 
I*, n. The horse-chestnut of \ 
the United States. 

buckle 1 ,) 1 bukl; 2 btik , l > v. 

buckl p , J [buck'l(e)d p ;'- 
ling.J I. t. To fasten with 
or as with a buckle. II. i. Bucket. 
To apply oneself vigorously: followed by 
to or down to. 

buckle 2 , 1 bukl; 2 bukl, vt. & vi. To 
bend, warp, curl, or crumple. 

buckle 1 , n. A metal frame with movable 
tongue, for fastening straps, etc. 

buckle 2 , n. Abend; distortion. 

buckler, 1 buklsr; 2 buk'ler, n. A small 
round shield. 

buck 'ram, 1 buk'rem; 2buk'ram. I. a. Of 
or like buckram; stiff; precise. II. n. A 
coarse fabric, for stiffening garments. 

buck'sbot", 1 buk'sTiet"; 2 buk'shot", n. 
Large shot, used in hunting, as for deer. 

buck'sktn", 1 buk'skin'; 2 buk'skm'. I. 
a. Made of or colored like buckskin. II. 
n. The skin of a buck; a soft, strong, 
grayish-yellow leather. 

buck'wheat", 1 buk'hwlf: 2 buk'hwgf, n. 
A plant, or its triangular seeds, from 
which a flour is made. 

bu-collc, 1 biu-kel'ik; 2 bu-c8l'i«. I. a. 
Of or like shepherds or herdsmen; pas- 
toral: rustic II. n. A pastoral poem. 

bud, 1 bud; 2 bud. I. vt. & vi. [Btn> 7 DED d ; 
bud'ding.1 1. To graft by inserting a bud 
into the slit bark. 2. To put forth, as 
buds; begin to grow. II. n. 1. An un- 
developed stem, branch, or flower. 2. The 
act or stage of budding. 

Bud'dha, 1 bud's; 2 bud'a, Gotama 8a- 
kya •slnha (d. about 480 B.C.). The founder 
of Buddhism. — Bud'dhlsm, n. A religious 
cult, widely prevalent in Asia. 

budge, 1 buj: 2 budg, vt. & vi. [budged; 
budg'wg.] To move a little; give way; go. 


Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


budg'et, 1 buj'et ; 2 btidg'fit, n. Formerly, 

a small sack, or its contents; a collection 

of news; financial estimate. 
bull; Ubuf;2buf. 
buf p , /I. a. Made 

of buff - leather; t 

brownish - yellow. A 

IL n. 1. A thick, 

soft, flexible leath- 
er. bufT'leath"- 

erj. 2. A light 

brownish - yellow, Jj 

8. A coat made of 3 

buff-leather. — 

buf'fa-lo, 1 buf'e- 

lo; 2 buf'a-lo, n. 

f-LOsa* or -los«, — 

©J.) 1. A large Old World ox. 2. The 

North-American bison. 
buffer, 1 buf'er; 2 buf'er, n. A device 

for lessening the shock of concussion. 
buffet*, i buf'et; 2 buf'et, pt. & it. To 

strike; beat; struggle against; contend. 
buffet i, 1 buf'et or bu-fe'; 2 bul'«t or 

bu-fS\ n. 1. A sideboard. £. A public 

lunch-room. [cuff; assault. 

buffet*, 1 buf'et; 2 buf'St, n. A blow; 
buf-foon', 1 bu-fun'; 2 bu-foon', n. A 

professional clown; low Jester.— buf-foon'- 

er-y, n. l-ws*, pi.] Low drollery. 
bug, 1 bug; 2 bug, n. Any one of various 

insects or small crustaceans. 
bugOMar", 1 bug'bar'; 2 bulbar', n. An 

Imaginary object of terror; a specter, bug'- 

bug'gjr. 1 bug'i; 2 bflg'y, n. [bug'qies", 
pi.] A light four-wheeled vehicle with or 
without a hood. 

bu'gle, 1 biQ'gl; 2 bu'gl, n. A wind-in- 
strument resembling a 
horn or trumpet; a hunts- 
man's horn, bu'gle «horn"$. 

— bu'gler, 1 biQ'gl dr; 2 bu'- 
gler, n. One who plays on R„ ff i« 
the bugle. Bug16 * 

buhl, 1 bQl; 2 bul, n. Metal or tortoise* 
shell inlaid in furniture; also, cabinet* 
work so decorated. 

bnhr. bubr'stone". See bur, etc. 

build, 1 hild; 2 blld, v. [built or 
build'ed*; build'ing.] I. t. To frame, 
construct, or erect, as a house; fabricate; 
establish; found; strengthen: often with 
up. II. i. 1. To follow the business of 
building; construct. 2. To rely; depend: 
with on or upon.— build, n. The manner or 
style in which anything Is built; form; figure. 

— bnlkl'er, n.- building, n. That which 
Is built; an edifice; the art Qf building. 

bulb, 1 bulb; 2 bulb, n. 1. Bo*. A cluster 


of thickened leaves, growing usually un- 
derground. 2. A bulbous protuberance. 
— bullous, a. 1. Hav- 
ing or growing from 
bulbs. 2. Of, pertain- 
ing to, or like a bulb. 

bulge,lbulj;2bulg. I. 
tt. An. [bulged; bulo'- 
inq.J To swell out; 
press out of shape. 
II. n. The most con- 
vex part, as o{ a cask; 
a swelling. 

bulk, 1 bulk; 2 bulk, 
n. Magnitude; mass; 
size; a large body; the 
greater part.— bulk'y, i 
a. [bulk'i-er; bulk'i- | 
est.) Huge; large; un- 
wieldy .— bulk'I-ness.n. 

biilk'hed"», Jhed' 

Bulb of Lily. 
a, flower; b, bulb. 

buhVh&d",' n. A parti- 
tion, as in a ship. 

bull*, ) 1 bul; 2 bul. n. 1. The male of 

bul p ? J domestic cattle or of some other 
ammals. 2. A dealer who seeks or ex- 
pects higher prices. 

bull 1 , n. An official document of the Pope, 
sealed with a leaden seal. 

bull*, n. A ridiculous contradiction in 
terms; a blundering statement. 

bull'dog", 1 bul'deg"; 2 bul'dog", n. A 
squat and muscular dog with great te- 
nacity of grip. 

bull'dose', l bul'dos': 2 bul'doV, vt. (bull', 
dozed'; BULL'DOZ'ma.] [Slang, V. 8.) To 
Intimidate; bully. 

bul 'let, 1 bul'et; 2 bul'St, n. A small 
projectile for a firearm.— dumdum bullet* 
an expanding or man«stopping bullet. 

bul'le-tin, 1 bul'i-tin; 2 bul'e-tln, n. A 
brief official summary or publication. 

bull'flnch", 1 bul'fincV; 2 buTflnch", n. 
A singing bird having a short stout bill. 

bull'ftog", 1 bul'freg"; 2 bul'frog, n. A 
large North-American frog, with a bel- 
lowing cry. 

bul 'lion, 1 bul'yen; 2 bul'yon, n. Gold or 
silver uncoined or in mass. [ox. 

bullock, 1 bul'ek; 2 bul'ok, n. A young 

bulPs'^eye", 1 buls'-ai"; 2buJs>r,Ti. The 
center of a target; a circular window; a 
thick lens of glass, or a lantern fitted with 
one; a small perforated wooden block. 

bul If, 1 bul'i ; 2 bul'y. I. tt. & v*. [bul'* 
lied; bul'ly-ing.] To browbeat: ter* 
roriae; coerce; quarrel; bluster. II. n. 
[bui/lies", pl.\ A quarrelsome, swagger- 
ing, cowardly fellow. 

t: • = final; l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = f«ud; «fhin; go; n = sing; Chin, this, 
fc wulf,dg; book, bout; full, rule, cure, bttt,burn; oil, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


bul'rush", 1 bul'rush'; 2 bul'rush', n. A 
tall rush. 

bul'wark, 1 bul'werk; 2 bul'wark, n. A 
rampart; fortification; defense; raised side 
of a ship. 

bum'ble-bee", 1 bum'bl-bl'; 2 bttm'bl-b6% 
n. A large hairy so- 
cial bee. hum'Me- 

bum-boat, 1 bum'bSt; 
2bum'bdt,n. A clum- 
sy boat for peddling 
provisions to ships in 
port, etc. Bumblebee. */« 

bump, 1 bump; 2 bump. IK vt. To 
thump; knock; jolt. II. n. 1. A vio- 
lent impact or collision; a heavy blow. 
2. A protuberance like that caused by a 

bump'er*, 1 bump'ar; 2 bump'er, n. 1. 
Something that bumps or causes a bump. 
2. A buffer. 

bump'er*, n. A glass filled to the brim. 

bump Ida, 1 bunn/kin; 2 bumplrin, n. 
An awkward rustic; a clown; lout. 

bun, 1 bun; 2 bun, n. A small sweet cake. 

bunch, 1 buncli; 2 bunch. I*, re. & vi. 
To make into or form a bunch; collect; 
gather; group. II. n. 1. A compact 
collection: group; cluster. 2. A hump; 
protuberance.— bnnch'y, a. Being, growing 
in, or having bunches; like a bunch. 

bun 'die, 71 bun'dl; 2 bun'dl. I. vt. & 

bun'dl*, jri. [bun'dled, bun'dld*; bun- 
dling.] 1. To make into a bundle: often 
with up. 2. To dismiss or quit summarily: 
often with off or out. II. n. A package; 
group; collection. 

bung, 1 bun ; 2 bung, n. A stopper for the 
large hole of a cask; also, the hole itself. 

bun'gJe,U bun'gl; 2 bun'gl. I. vt. A 

bun'gl*, )vi. [bun'oled, bun'qld*; bun'- 
gling.] To make or do badly; botch. II. 
n. An awkward imperfect job; botch.— 
bnn'gler, n. — ban'gung, pa. Awkward; 
clumsy; unskilful. 

bun 'ton, 1 bun'yen; 2 btin'yon, n. A 
painful swelling of the basal joint of the 
great toe. 

bunk, 1 buQk; 2 bunk. I*, vi. To sleep 
in a bunk; go to bed. II. n. A shelf or 
recess, etc., used for a bed. 

bun Iter, 1 bun'ker; 2 bun'ker, n. A large 
receptacle, as a coal-bin on a ship. 

bun 'ting 1 , 1 bun'tin; 2 bun'ting, n. A 
light, woolen stuff used for flags; hence, 


flags, etc. 
ln'tlng*, n. 

A finchlike bird. 


btin'yon, n. Same as bunion. 

buoy, 1 bei; 2 boy. I. vt. To keep afloat; 
support; mark with 
buoys. II. n. A 
float moored, as on 
a rock or shoal, for 
a guide to navi- 
gators.— buoy'an- 
cy, 1 bei'an-a; 2 
bdy'an-cy. n. 1. 
Power or tendency 
to keep afloat. 2. 
.Elasticity of spirits; 
cheerfulness.— buoy- 
ant, 1 bel'ant; 2 
boy'ant, a. Having 
the power to float; 
vivacious; cheerful; _, _ 
hopeful. -Iy, adv. , J? u ntln 3!' J* - 

bur, )1 bur; 2 bur, ^^^i^SX* *' 

burr, J n. 1. A prick- Tbm <*«■*■»*■■• 
Iy flower-head, or the like. 2. The 
burdock. 3. A protuberance; lump. 4. 
An unwelcome adherent. 5. Aburrstone. 
See burr. 

bur'bot, 1 bur'bet; 2 bur/hot, n. A fish 
with barbels on the nose and chin. 

bur'den, 1 bur'dn; 2 bur'dn, vt. To load 
or overload. 

bur'den 1 , n. 1. Something heavy to 
bear; a load. 2. The carrying capacity 
of a vessel.— burMen-some, a. Hard or 
heavy to bear; oppressive. 

bur'den 1 , n. The refrain of a song. 

bur'dock, 1 bur'dek; 2 bur'dok, n. A 
coarse weed with a globular bur. 

bu'reau, 1 bhVro; 2 ou'ro, n. [bu'reatts 
or bu'reaux, 1 biu'rdz; 2 bu'rds, pl.\ 1* 
TU. S.] A chest of drawers for cloth- 
ing, etc. 2. A public department; a 
staff of literary workers, or the place 
where the work is done. 3. A writing* 

burs, 1 burg; 2 burg, n. A borough: 

bur'gess; 1 buVjes; 2 buries, n. A free- 
man, citizen, or officer of a borough or 

burgh, 1 burg ; 2 burg, n. An incorporated 
town or village; borough; originally, a 
castle.— burgh'er, n. An Inhabitant or 
citizen of a burgh. 

bur'glar, 1 burglar; 2 buVglar, n. One 
who commits a burglary.— bnr-glalri-oust 
a.— bur'gla-ry, n. 1-ries*. pL] The break- 
ing and entering of a building with Intent 
to rob. 

bur 'go-mas" ter, 1 bur'go-master; 2 bur'- 
go-mas'ter, n. A Dutch magistrate ; mayor. 

burl-al, 1 berVel; 2 bVi-al, n/The 
burying of a dead body; sepulture. 

1: artistic, Ort;fat, fire; fast ; get, prey ; M^^ 

2: ^rt s ape,fat,fare > fast^what t gll; m€,g6t,pr5y,fern; hIt,lce;I=fi;i=e;g6,ndt,Ar,w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ta^Hn* 1 biu'nn; 2 bu'rin, n. An en grav- 
ers' tool; graver. 

burlap, 1 burlap; 2 
bur'lap, n. A coarse 
stuff for wrapping. 

bur-lesque', 1 bur- Burin, 

leak'; 2 bur-leak'. I. vt. & si. [bur- 
LBSQUEDf; bur-lesqu'ing.J To repre- 
sent ludicrously; caricature. II. a. 
Marked by ludicrous incongruity. Ill* 
n. Ludicrous representation; carica- 

burly, 1 burli; 2 burly, a. [bur'li-er; 
bur'li-est.] Large of body; bulky; 
stout; lusty.— burll-ness, n. 

Horn, 1 burn; 2 burn, v. [burned or 
burnt, burnd 8 : burn'inq.] 1. t. To af- 
fect or destroy by or as by fire; consume; 
scorch. II. i. To be on fire; appear or 
feel hot; be eager or excited; glow. 

hnrni. Wi An effect or injury from burn- 
ing: a burnt placn. 

born", n, |8fi0l,] A brook or rivulet. 
bourn 1 1 bourne:. 

burn 'cr, 1 burner; 2 burn'Sr, n. One who 
or that which burns; the part of a lamp, 
or t be like, that carries the flame. 

bur'oi'iht, 1 bur'nirfh; 2 buVnish, vt. & m. 
To polish by friction; make or become 
bright. [burn, v. 

burnt, 1 burnt; 2 burnt, imp. & pp. of 

burr, f 1 bur; 2 bur, n. 1. A roughness or 

bur 11 , J rough edge, or a tool that produces 
it. 2. A burrstone or a millstone made 
of It. See bur.— bnrr'stone", n. A bard, 
compact rock, from which millstones are 

* made. 

bor'ro, 1 bur'o; gbttro*, n. [Sp. or Southwest- 
ern U. SJ A small donkey, used as a pack* 

bur 'row, 1 bur'o; 2 bur'o. I* vtMvi. To 
dig into or through; perforate; make or 
live in a burrow. II. n. 1. A hole made 
in and under the ground, as by a rabbit. 
2. A mound or barrow. 

burst, 1 burst ; 2 burst* p. [m-msr; mrnsT*. 
pfti .) 1. L To rend, break, or disrupt 
suddenly or violent! y. lit*. 1* To suf- 
fer ruptuPB from nn internal force. Z* 
To exhibit some suddau and violent ac- 
tivity; break forth; break away* 3* To 
be filled or at bred to overflowing or breaks 
ing, as with passion. 

burst, n. t. A sudden or violent explosion 
or breaking forth: sudden rending or dis- 
ruption, C A sudden effort; epurt; rupb; 
as A hurst of speed. 

bor'then, i bflrttin: £ bQr'thn. i.H Same 



bur'y, 1 bert; 2 beYy, vt. [bur'ibd, 1 bertd; 
2 beVid; bur't-ing.] To put in, or 
under the ground; inter; hide; cover up; 
engross deeply; absorb.— bur'y-lngt 
ground"* n. A cemetery. 

bus, 1 bus; 2 bus, n. [Colloq.] An omni- 
bus, buss}. 

bush, 1 busn; 2 bush, n. 1. A thickly 
branching shrub. 2. A forest with under- 
growth. 8. A bough.— bush'y, a. Cov- 
ered with bushes; shaggy.— bush'1-ly, ado. 
— bushl-ness, n. 

bush 'el, 1 busn'el; 2 bush'el, n. A 
measure of capacity; four pecks, or a 
vessel that holds it. 

bush'lng, 1 busn'in; 2 bysh'ing, n. A 
metallic lining for a hole, as in the hub of 
a wheel. [industriously. 

bus 'l-Iy, 1 bix'i-h ; 2 bls/i-ly , adv. Actively; 

business, 1 bis'i-nes; 2 Ms/i-nes, n. 1. An 
occupation; trade \ profession ; calling. 2. A 
matter or affair ? interest; concern; duty. 

bus It In, 1 bus'km; 2 bus'kin, n. A laced 
"half-boot, worn by Athenian tragic actors; 
hence, tragedy. [Dial.] Kiss. 

buss 1 , 1 bus; 2 bus, v. & n. [Archaic or 

buss 5 , n. A fishing-smack. 

buss*, n, Same as bus. 

bust, 1 bust; 2 bust, n. The human chest 
or breast; a piece of statuary representing 
the human head, shoulders, and breast. 

bus'tard, 1 bus'tard; 2 bus'tard, n. A 
large Old World game-bird. 

bus'Ue,Vlbus1; 2bfis'l. 1. vt.&vi. [buV- 

bus'U p , J tl(e)d p ; bus'tung.1 To hurry: 
hustle; make a stir or fuss. IL n. Excited 
activity; noisy stir; fuss. 

bus'y, 1 bis'i; 2 bls/y. I* *• & «• [bus'- 
ied, 1 biz'id. 2 Ms/id; bus'y-ing.J To 
make or be busy; occupy oneself. IT* 
a. [bus'i-er; bus'i-est.J 1. Intensely 
active; habitually occupied; industrious; 
diligent. 2. Officiously active; prying: 
meddling.- bus'y-bod"y, 1 blsVbed-i: ft 
bls'y-bod'y, n. [-bod lis*, pi.) A meddle- 
some person. 

but, 1 but; 2 but. I. adv. Not otherwise 
than; no more than; only. II. prep. 
Leaving out; except: barring. III. conj. 
Except; yet; nevertheless; however; not- 
withstanding; tho; even if; besides; again. 

butch 'er, 1 budh'sr; 2 buch'er. I. si. To 
slaughter (animals) for market; kill 
(men) barbarously. II. n. 1. One who 
slaughters animals or deals in meats. 2. 
A bloody or cruel murderer.— butch'er-ly, o. 
Of or pertaining to a butcher.— butch'er-y. 
1 bucn'er-r, 2 buch'er-y, n. Mes*. pi.) 
Wanton or wholesale slaughter; a slaughter* 

1: • a: final; l « habit; caste; on as out; ell; Iftsfsud; ifhin; go; nssfnjr; Chin, this). 
9s wolf, dg; book, boot; full, rule* cfire, but, btlrn; 611, bdj; folw^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


butler, 1 bufler; 2 butler, n. A man 

servant in charge of the dining-room, 

wine, etc. 
butt"*, 1 but; 2 bat, vt. & vi. 1. To strike 

with or as with the head or horns. 2. 

TO project; Jut; abut. butt. 
butt% v. I. t. To cut off the butt 

smoothly, as of a log. IL t. To' cut 

through the butt of a log. 
butt 1 , ) n. t . The larger or thicker end of 
but p , J anything. 2. A hinge. 3. A target. 
buttS n. A stroke or push with or as with 

the head. 
butt*, n. A large cask; a measure of wine, 

126 U. S. gallons; a pipe. 
butte, 1 biut; 2 but, n. A conspicuous hill 

or natural turret. 
but'ter»,lbut'er: 2but'er. I. vt. To put 

butter upon. II. n. The fat of milk, 

separated by churning.— bafter-mllk", n. 

The liquid left after churning. — but'ter* 

scotch, n. Taffy containing butter. 
but'ter 2 , n. A person or animal that butts. 
but'ter-cup", 1 but'er-kup*; 2but'er-eup", 

n. A plant with yellow cup-shaped 

flowers* also, the flower. 
but'ter-flyM btrtV-floi'; 2 bfit'eWB*, n. 

[-PLIBS"«, pZ.J 1, An inse ct wit.h 1 r ily 

colored wings. 2. A gay 

idler or trifler, 
but'ter-in, )1 but'&r4n 4 
but'ter-Ine,/ -in pr -Tn; 2 

but'er-In, -m t>r <Jn t n. 

Artificial butter > 
but'ter-nut", 1 butfa* 

nut'; 2 butVr-nttt", 71. 

The North-American 

white walnut, or it* fruit, 
but'ter-y, 1 but' aw; g 

but'er-y. I. a. CWtain- 

ing, like, or smeared with 

butter. H. n. Uea* ¥ pV 

A pantry; a wnaWKJCon or 

wine-cellar. But Irenes. 

but'tock, 1 but'ek; 2 btit'ok, n. 1. The 

hinder part of a ship's hull. 2. pi. The 

but 'ton, 1 but'n; 2 biit'n. I. vt. & vi. To 

fasten with or as with a button or but- 
tons; admit of being buttoned. II. 

n. A small knob or disk, as of bone, for 

fastening a garment by passing through 

a buttonhole; a pivoted fastener for a 

door, window, etc.; a knob or protuber- 


ance.- but'ton-hote", 1 bufn-hOl'; 2 butfn- 
hor, n. A slit to receive and hold a button. 

but'ton-wood", 1 but'n-wud"; 2 but'n- 
wd6d", n. The American plane-tree. 

but 'tress, 1 but'res; Sbat'rea, I*. vt. To 
support with a buttress; sustain; uphold. 
II. n. A structure 
built against a wait to 
strengthen it; a imp- 
port. See illue* in pre- 
ceding column. 

bux'om, 11 buks' 

bux'um ! . j in ; I 
buks'om,a. Plump, j 
healthy. and 
comely; brisk 
and chr- rhil 

buy,lbai; 2 hi, rfj 
& vi. [bought, 
1 bet, 3 bflt; 
buy'inqJ To 
obtain for a price; purchase; be a pnee 
for; make a purchase or purchases.— 
buy'er, n. 

buzz, ) 1 buz; 2 btiz. I. vt. & vi. To whis* 

buz', /per; gossip; hum, as a bee; murmur. 
IL n. A low murmur, as of bees, of talk, 
or of distant sounds; rumor; gossip. 

buz'zard, 1 buz'ard; 2 buz'ard, n. 1. 
A large hawk. 2. An American vulture. 
turkey *buz"zardj. 

by, 1 bai; 2 bl, adv. 1. At hand; near. 2. Be- 
yond; past. 8. Aside; apart off; up.— by 
and by. 1. After a time; at some fu- 
ture time. 2. The hereafter. 3J. At once; 
Immediately.— by'»pro"ducfc, n. Something, 
produced incidentally; as, leather Is a 
byproduct of the beef-industry.— by'way*, n. 
Aside or secluded lane, road, or way: opposed 
to highway, bypath*; byroad*. 

by, prep. 1. Beside; past; over (a course). 

2. Through the agency or help of; with. 

3. In accordance with; according to. 4. To 
the extent of; multiplied Into.— by the bye 
or by, by the way, incidentally; in passing. 

by'gonte**, 1 bargen"; 2 bfgdn', a. & n. 
Gone by; former; past; something past. 

by Maw", 1 baiMe'; 2 blMa/, n. A sub- 
ordinate rule or law. byeMaw"?. 

by'stand'er, 1 bai'stand'er; 2 bfstand'er, 
n. One who stands by; a looker-on. 

by'word", 1 baiVurd*; 2 bfwurd", n. An 
object of derision; nickname; a trite say- 
ing; proverb. 

1: artistic, art ; flti^ fare ; fast ; g«t, pi«y; lilt, p^^ 

Digitized by V^jOOQ LC 




C, c, 1 at; 2 c§, n. [cees, C's, or Cs, 1 sis; 2 
ce*, pi.J The third letter in the English 

cab, 1 kab; 2 cab," n. A one-horse public 
carriage; the covered part of a locomotive. 
za-baT, 1 ks-bal'; 2 ca-bal'. 1. vi. To 
plot. II. n. A number of persons secretly 
united for some private purpose ; intrigue ; 

cab 'base ', 1 kab'ij ; 2 e&b'ag, n. The close- 
leaved head of any one of certain plants; 
also, the plant. 

cab 'In, 1 kab'm ; 2 c&b'in. I. vt. & vi. To 
shut up or dwell in a cabin; hamper; con- 
fine; limit. II. n. 1. A small, rude 
house; hut. 2. A small room; officers' or 
passengers' apartment on a vessel. 

caVl-net, 1 kab'i-net; 2 cab'i-net, n. 1. A 
state council, or its meeting-place; a room 
for specimens, etc. ; a study or closet. 2. 
A piece of furniture having shelves and 
drawers.— caM-net-mak^er, ». One who 
makes household furniture. 

caWe, 1 ke'bl; 2 c&'bl. I. vt. & vi. [ca'- 
bled; ca'bling.] 1. To fasten, as by a 
cable. 2. To send a message by sub- 
marine telegraph. II. n. 1. A heavy 
rope or chain, as for an anchor, etc. 2. 
A cable's-length, 100 fathoms. 3. An 
insulated telegraph-wire or -wires, as for a 
submarine telegraph. 

ea-boose', 1 ke-bus'; 2 ea-boos', n. 1. A 
car for a freight-train crew. 2. The cook's 
galley on a ship. 

cab"rl-o-let', 1 kab'n-o-le'; 2 cab'ri-o-le/, 
n. A one-horse covered carriage; a cab. 

ea-ca'o, 1 ke-ke'o or ke-k&'o; 2 ea-ea'o or 
ea-ca'o, n. Chocolate-nuts, or the tree 
producing them. 

cache, knsli; 2pach. I. vt. To place in a 
cache; hide. II. n. A place for hiding 
something, as in the ground. 

eaeh"iD-na'tlon, 1 kakVne'slien; 2 eac'i- 
na'shon, n. Loud laughter. 

cackle, Ylkakl; 2 cak'l. I. vi. [cack/- 

eaekl', f l(e)d»; cack'ling.] To make 
a cackle; chatter. II. n. The shrill, 
broken cry made by a hen after laying an 
egg; idle talk; chattering; chuckling. 

tae'tUS, 1 kak'tus; 2 cnVtiis, n. [cac'ti, 
1 -tot 2 -t!. or cac'tus-es, pi.) A green, 
fleshy, spiny plant. See illus. in following 

I total, 

cad, 1 kad; 2 cad, n. 1. A low fellow. 2. 
IE rig.] The conductor of an omnibus. 

ca-dav'er-ous, 1 ks- iTf TTi fca 

dav'er-us; 2 ea-dav'- 
6r-fi s, a. Like a 
corpse; pale; ghastly. 

cad'dy, Ikad'i; 2 
cad'y,n. [cad'dies", 
pi.) Areceptaclefortea. 

ca'dence, 1 ke'dens; 
2 ea'denc, n. Rhyth- 
mical movement, as 
in music. 

ca-den'sa, 1 ka-den'dsa; 
2 ca-den'dxa, n. M us. 
An ornamental passage 
Introduced Into a piece or song. 

ca-det', lkd-det';2ea-deV, n. 1. A pupil 
in a military or naval school. 2. A 
younger son or brother serving in the 
army without a commission. 

ca"Ce% 1 ka'fg'; 2 c&'fe/, n. A coffee- 
house; restaurant; coffee. 

cafe-te'rl-a, lkaf*i-te'n-8;2eaf*e-te-rt-a, n. 
iCoIloq., U. S.] A restaurant In which the 
patrons wait upon themselves. 

cage, 1 kej ; 2 cfig. 1. vt. [caged ; cag'ing.) 
To shut up in a cage; confine; imprisoL. 
II. n. A structure, with openwork ot 
wire or bars, as for confining birds or 
beasts. [heap of stones. 

cairn, 1 kfirn; 2 earn, n. A monumental 

cais'aon, 1 kS'sen; 2 ca'son, n. 1. An 
ammunition-chest or -wagon. 2. A large 
water-tight box within which work is done 
under water. 

cat 'tiff, Jl kS'tif; 2 cfi'tif. I. a. Vile; 

cal'tlf*, i cowardly; base. II. n. A base, 
wicked wretch. 

ca-jole', 1 kd-j6l'; 2 ca-ifil', vt. & vi. [ca- 
joled'; ca-jol'ing.J To impose on by 
flattery; dupe.— ca-Jol'er-y, n. [-nts\ pi.] 

cake, lkgk; 2cak. 1. vt. <fe vi. [caked*; 
cak'ing.J To form into a hardened mass. 
II. n. A sweetened and baked article 
of f Dod : any small, thin mass, as of dough, 
etc., baked or fried. 

cal'a-bash, 1 kal's-basTi; 2 caTa-bash, n. 
A gourd or a vessel made from it. 

ca-lam'i-ty, 1 kd-lam'i-ti; 2 ca-l&m'i-ty, n. 
[-ties', p2.1 A misfortune or disaster; ad- 
versity.— ca-laml-tou8 t a. Af&dv. -ness,*. 

eaJ'a-mus, 1 kal's-mus; 2 eal'a-mus, n. 

1: • = final; l = habit; cdsle; en = out; eH; HI = feud ; cliin; go; rj = sinp; Chin, this, 
fc w^if, <1q; bdbk, bdbt; full, rule, core, but, burn; 611, bey; fco, tern; ink; thin, this, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


[-m, 1 -mai; 2 -ml, pi.] 1. A kind of 
flag. 8weet'*flag"i. 2. A climbing rat- 
tan; reed; quill; 
pen; flute. 

Ca-lash', 1 ke-laaV; 
2 ea-lftsh', n. A low 
light carriage with 
folding top; a fold- 
ing carriage-top. 

cal-ca're-ous, l kal- 

ke'n-us; 2 e&l-ca'- _ . . 

re-us, a. Of, con- Calash, 

taining, or like lime or limestone. 

eal'cl-mine, 1 kal'si-main; 2 cRrci-mln. 
I. vi. [-mined: -min'inq.] To apply 
calcimiDe to. IL n. A white or tinted 
wash for ceilings, walls of rooms, etc. 

Cal'elne, 1 kal'sin ; 2 eaTcin, vt. & vi. (cal'- 
cined; cai/cin-ing.] To make or be- 
come friable by heat.— cal"d-na'tlon, n. 

cal 'co-late, 1 kal'kiu-lfit; 2 eaTcu-lat, vt. & 
vi. I-LAT"BD d ; '-lat'inq.] To compute 
mathematically; figure up or out; reckon; 
estimate; plan.— cal'ca-Ia-bl(e p , a. That 
may be calculated or counted upon.— eal"- 
eu-ls'tlon, n. The act or art of computing ; 
computation; reckoning.— cal'cu-la"tor, n. 
One who calculates; a calculating-machine; a 
set of tables for calculations. 

cal'cu-lus, 1 kal'kiu-lus; 2 cfil'eu-lus, n. 
[-li, 1 -led; 2 -11, pi.] 1. A stonclike con- 
cretion, as in the bladder. 2. A method 
of calculating by algebraic symbols — caT- 
eu-lous, a. Stony; gritty. 

caTdron, 1 kel'dran; 2 egl'dron, n. A 
large kettle. 

CftTen-dar, 1 kal'en-der; 2 eaTen-dar, n. 
1. A systematic arrangement of days, 
months, and years. 2. An almanac. 

cal'en-der, 1 kal'en-der; 2 eaTen-der. I. 
vt. To press between rollers. II. n. A 
machine for giving to cloth, paper, etc., a 
gloss by pressing between rollers. 

Calf 1 , 1 knf; 2 eaf, n. [calves, 1 kavz; 2 
eavs, pi.] The young of the cow, its akin, or 
leather made from it, called calfskin. 

calf 3 , n. [calves, pi.] The hinder part of 
the human leg below the knee. 

call-ber, ) 1 kal'i-ber; 2 caTi-ber, n. The 

cal'I-bre, J size of bore, as of a gun-barrel; 
individual capacity or power. 

call-eo, 1 kal'i-k6; 2 eal'i-e5, n. [-coes 
or -cos, 1 -k6z: 2 -c5s, pi.] 1. [U. S.l 
Cotton printed in colors. 2. [Eng.J 
White cotton cloth. 

calif, ) 1 kSlif or kal'if ; 2 calif or cal'if , 

caliph, jn. The spiritual and civil head 
of a Mohammedan state.— call-fate, call- 


phate, 1 kal'i-fet; 8 eftl'l-ttt. a. The 
dignity, or reign of a calif. 

ca^U&ra3&' } n S«ne as calligraphy. 

call-per, 1 kal'i-per; 2 caTi-per, n, 
instrument like a pair of com- 
passes, for measuring diam- 
eters: usually in the plural. 

calls-thenlcs, n. Same as 


eallx, n. Same as calyx. 

calk", ) 1 kek; 2 cak, vt. To 

caulks J make tight, as a boat's 
seams, by plugging with soft 
material.— calking, n. 

calk 1 *, vt. 1. To furnish with 
calks, as a horseshoe. 2. To 
wound with a calk. calipers. 

calk, n. A spur on a horse's shoe, to pre- 
vent slipping. 

call, 1 kel; 2 e&l, v. I. t. To name; sum- 
mon; invite; invoke; utter aloud. II. t. 
To cry out; appeal; signal; make a brief 
visit: often with on or upon.— call'er, n. 

call, n. 1. A shout or cry; summons; in- 
vitation; divine vocation; claim; right; ob- 
ligation. 2. A brief visit. 

cal la, 1 kal'e; 2 e&l'a, n. Bot. A South* 
African plant, with a large milk-white 
blossom. cal1a*lll'y$. 

cal-lig'ra-phy, ) 1 ka-lig'rs-fi; 2 ea-Ofra- t 

cal-llg / ra-fy p , J fy, n. Beautiful penman- 
ship.— cal"Tl-graph'-lc, a. 

calling, 1 kel'in; 2 cal'ing, n. 1. A sum- 
mons. 2. Habitual occupation; voca- 
tion; business. 

Cal-lTo-pe, l ka-tal'o-pi: 2 ca-H'o-pe, n. 1. 
Myth. Muse of epic poetry; ordinarily rep- 
resented with a tablet and stylus. 2. [o-] A 
series of steam-wnlsties played by means of a 

calH-per, n. Same as caliper. 

caTHs-then'lcs, 1 kal"is-then'iks; 2 e&l*- 
is-then'ies, n. pi. Light gymnastics.— 
callls-thenlc, a. 

callous, 1 kal'us; 2 c&l'us, a. Like thick- 
ened and hardened skin: insensible; un- 
feeling, -ly, adv. -ness, V— cal-Iosl-ty, 

1 ka-les'i-ti; 2 ea-ldsM-ty, n. [-ties, l -tis; 

2 -tig, pi.] A thickened, hardened portion of 
the skin; hardness; insensibility. 

callow, 1 kal'o; 2 eal'o, a. Unfledged; in- 
experienced; youthful. 

calm, 1 kdm; 2 cftm, v. I. t. To still* 
soothe; tranquilize. II. i. To become 
quiet. [Id; serene, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

calm, a. Free from agitation; quiet; plac- 

calm, n. Tranquillity; stillness: serenity. 

cal'o-mel, 1 kal'o-mel; 2eaTo-mel, n. Med, 
A compound of chlonn and mercury. 


S: tot,ape,f^tti^faat,what,a i ll; mS, get, prej, fern; blt,lce;l=a;i=e;g«,n6t,«r,w*n % 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



% Cam. 

ea-lorle, 1 ke-ler'ik; 2 ca-16r'ie, n. Heat; 
formerly, a supposed principle of heat. 

cal'o-ry, 1 kal'o-ri; 2 eal'o-ry, n. [-ries, 1 
-ruf; 2 -rig, pJ.] The generally accepted 
unit of heat, being the amount of heat 
necessary to raise the temperature of one 
kilogram of water one degree centigrade; 
a heat-unit. caTo-rle*. 

cal'u-met, 1 kal'yu-met; 2 eal'yu-mgt, n. 
The Indian pipe of peace. 

cal'um-njr, 1 kal'um-m; 2 eaTiim-ny, n. 
[-NIE8, 1 -niz; 2 -ni§, pi.] A false accusa- 
tion; defamation; slander.— ca-lum'ni-ate, 
1 ka-lum'm-€t; 2 ca-iam'ni-at, vt. A vi. 
[-AT'end; -atInq.] To accuse falsely; defame. 
— ca-lnm" nt-a'tlon, ».— ca-Ium'nl-a"tor, 
n.— ca-lam'ni-ous, l k&-lum'ni-us; 2 ea- 
lOm'ni-Os, a. Slanderous; defamatory* ca- 

calve, \ Ikav;2eav,vf.&vt. [calved,calvd»; 

ealv p , j calv'ing.] To bring forth (a calf). 

calyx, 1 ke'hks; 2 ea'lyks, n. 
[cal'y-ces or ca'lyx-es, 1 
kal'i-slz or ke'hks-ez; 2 
eal'y-cSs. or eft'lyks-eg, pi.] 
1. The outermost series oi 
leaves of a flower. 2. A 
cup'shaped part or organ, 

cam, lkam:2eain, n. Mech. _. 
A noo-circular rotating J£j «m w- 
piece, to give motion tOghaft, «, and 

and fro. gives a reoipro- 

cam / brie, 1 kSm'bnk ; 2 earn'- eating motion 

brie, n. A fine white linen *° » e Ay-rod. r. 

or a coarse glazed cotton fabric. 
eame, l kern; 2 earn, imp. of come, v. 
cam 'el, 1 kam'el; 2 eam'el. n. A large 

Asiatic or African ru- 
minant, having a 

humped back, and m m 

able to subsist long Mpjuj f\±<*' ^ 

without water. *" 

ca-melll-a, 1 ke-mel'- 

l-e ; 2 ea-meTi-a, n. 

A tropical Eastern 

tree or shrub with 

white or rose-colored 

ea-meTo-pard, 1 ke-mel'o-pard; 2 ea-mSI'- 

o-pard, n. The giraffe. 
cam'e-o. 1 kam'i-o; 2 cam'e-o, n. A 

striated stone or shell, carved in relief. 
cam'er-a, 1 kam'er-e; 2 cam'gr-a, n. 

tAS or -jb, 1 -ez or -I; 2 -as. or -6, pi] 
. A box within which the image of an ex- 
terior object is received through a lens or 
lenses, 2. A chamber.— eam'er-al, a. 
eam'o-mlle, 1 kam'o-mail; 2 eam'o-mll, n. 
A strong-ecented bitter herb oi the aster 

Camel. 1 /»« 


camp, 1 kamp; 2 camp. I*, vt. & vi. To en- 
camp; lodge temporarily. II. n. A group 
of tents, as for soldiers or hunters, or the 
place so occupied; a tent, cabin, etc.; the 
army; military life. 

cam-palgn',) 1 kam-pen'; 2 cam-pan', n. 

cam-pain' 8 , / The time an army keeps the 
field; a political or other contest.— 
cam-paign'er, n. 

cam'phor, ) 1 kam'fer; 2 eam'for, n. A 

cam 'for 8 , J fragrant Asiatic gum-like com- 
poimd.— cam'phor-ate, vt. (-at "End; - a t'- 
ino.] To treat with camphor.— cam-phor'- 
lc, a. 

can 1 , 1 kan; 2 can, v. def. [could, 1 kud; 2 
cud.] To be able (to do something). 

cans, v t. [canneo, cand 8 ; can'ning.] To 
put up in cans. [liquids. 

can, n. A vessel for holding or preserving 

ca-nallle', 1 ko-nel' or (F.) ka'nff'ye; 2 ca-nfil* 
or (F.) ea'na'ye, n. The rabble; mob. 

ca-nal', 1 ke-nal'; 2 ea-nal', n. An 
artificial inland waterway; a channel, 
groove, or duct. 

ca-nard', 1 ke-ndrd'; 2 ea-nfird', n. A 
fabricated sensational story. 

ca-na'ry, 1 ke-ne'n; 2 ea-na'ry, n. [-ries. 
1 -riz; 2 ri§, pi.] 1. A finch, originally of 
the Canary Islands. 2. A bright yellow 
color. 8. Wine from the Canary Islands. 

can'cel, 1 kan'sel; 2 ean'cSl, vt. [can- 
celed or can'celled, canceu) 8 ; can'- 
cel-inq or can'cel-linq.1 To mark out 
or off; annul; revoke.— can"cel-a'tion, n. 

can'cer, 1 kan'ser; 2 ean'cer, n. 1. A 
malignant and commonly fatal tumor; 
any inveterate and spreading evil. 2. 
[C-] The Crab, a zodiacal constellation or 
sign. See tropic— can'cer-ous, a. 

can"de-la'brum, 1 kan'di-le'brum; 2 
ean'de-la'bro.m, n. [-era, 
pi.] A branched candle- 
stick or lamp-stand. 

can 'did, 1 kan'did; 2 ean'- 
did, a. Sincere; ingenu- 
ous; frank; fair. -ly, adv. « 
-ness, n. 

can'dl-date, 1 kan'di-d§t; 2 
ean'di-dat, n. A nominee 
or aspirant for any position. 
— can'dl-da-cy, 1 kan'cu-de- 
si ; 2 can'-dl-dfi-cy, n. [-cies, 
1 -mz; 2-d8. Pl\ The state 
or position of being a candi- 
date, can'dl - date"8hlpj ; 


can 'die, ) 1 kan'dl; 2 can'dl, n. A cylin- 
can'dl p , J der, as of tallow or wax, con- 
taining a wick, for lighting; a light — ean'- 
dle-stlek", n. A support for a candle or 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; on = out; ell; 10 = feud; cliin; go; n=sin«7; Chin, Oils. 
fc wolf,dft; bdbk. Mot; fall, rale, care, bat, barn: 611, boy; to. tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


Can 'dor, 1 kan'der; 2 can'dor, n. Sin- 
cerity; frankness; impartiality; fairness. 

can'dy, 1 kan'di; 2 can'dy. I. vt. & vi. 
[can'died; can'dy-ing.] . To cover with or 
become like hardened sugar. II. n. [can'- 
dieb*, plA A sweetmeat of sugar or mo- 
lasses or Doth. 

cane, 1 ken: 2 can. I. vt. [caned; can'- 
ing.] 1. To. beat with a oane. 2. To 
bottom or back with cane, as a chair. 
II. n. 1. A walking-stick. 2. A slender 
flexible woody stem or plant, as a rattan 
or the sugar-cane.— cane' •brake 1 ', n. Land 
overgrown with canes. 

eft-nine % 1 ka-nain'; 2 ca-nln', a. Of, per- 
taining to, or like a dog. 

can'Is-ter, 1 kan'is-ter; 2 can'is-ter, n. 1. 
A metal case, as for tea, etc. 2. A metal- 
lic cylinder filled with bullets to be fired 
from a cannon. 

can leer, 1 kan'ker; 2 can'kSr. I. vt. & vi. 
To infect with canker; eat like a canker; 
corrode; fester. li. n. An ulcerous sore; 
a group of small ulcers in the mouth; a 
disease of fruit-trees; any secret or spread- 
ing evil. — canlter •worm", n. An Insect 
destructive to fruit-trees. 

can'nt-bal, 1 kan'i-bel; 2 «&n'i-bal, n. A 
human being that eats human flesh.— ean'- 
nl-baMsm, n.— can"nl-bal-ls'tl€,a. 

can'non, 1 kan'en; 2 can'on, n. [can'- 
nons or can'non, pi.] A 
great gun for heavy shot. 
— can"non-ade', 1 kan'en- 
ea'; Sean'on-ad'. I. vt. A vi. 
I-ad'bd; -ad'inq.J To attack 
with cannon-shot; fire can- 
non repeatedly. II. n. A con- 
tinued attack with or dis- 
charge of cannon.— can"non-eer', n. A 
soldier who serves aa a gunner. can"non- 

can 'not, 1 kan'et; 2 can'ot. Can not. 
See can 1 , v. 

can'ny, 11 kan'i; 2 can'y, a. [Scot.] 1. 

can'nle,) Careful in planning for action; 
shrewd; thrifty. 2. Pleasing; comely; 

ca-noe', 1 ka-nu'; 2 ca-no/, n. A light 
boat, as of bark, propelled by paddles. 

can 'on 1 , 1 kan'en; 2ean'on, n. 1. A rule 
or law; standard. 2. The books of the 
Bible that are recognised by the Church 
as inspired. [England. 

can'on*, n. A dignitary of the Church of 

ca-fion', ) 1 kan'yan or (Sp.) ka-nyon'; 2 

can'yon, J e&n'yon or (Sp.) ca-nyon', n. A 
deep gcrge or ravine. 

ca»nonf-cal,\l ka-nen'i-kel, ke-nen'ik; 

ca-non'le, J 2 ea-ndn'i-eal, ea-non'i«, a. 
Belonging to the canon of Scripture* law- 
ful; accepted or approved.— ca-nonT-ckMy, 
ad v.— ca-nonl-cals, l ka-nen'i-kdlz; 2 ea- 
non'i-eala, n. pi. Official robes of the clergy, 
— ean"oa-lc'i-ty, l kan'an-is'i-ti; 2 can "on. 
Ie'1-ty, n. The Quality of being canonical. 

can'on-ize, 1 kan'an-aiz; 2 can'on-Is, rf. 
[-ized; -iz'ing.] To enroll among the 
saints.— can"on-l-za'tlon, n. 

can'o-py, 1 kan'o-pi; 2 can'o^py. I. vt. 
[-pied ; -py-inq.] To cover with or as with 
a canopy. II. n. [-pies, 1 -piz; 2 -pi§. ph\ 
A suspended covering, as over a throne, 
shrine, bed, etc. 

cant 1 , 1 kant; 2 cant. l d . vt. & vi. To 
slant; tip up; tilt. II. n. An inclina- 
tion or tipping; a slant. 

cant 1 . Id. vt. & vi. To talk with affected 
religiousness; speak in a hypocritical way. 
II. n. 1. Formal, ostentatious, religious 
talk. 2. Any technical or professional 

can't, 1 kant; 2 eant. Can not: a colloquial 

can-ta'bl-le, 1 kon-t&'bl-ie; 2 can-ta'bl-le, 
adv. Mus. Gracefully, in a style character- 
ized by melodious swing. 

can'ta-loup, 1 kan'ta-lup; 2 ean'ta-lup, n. 
A variety of muskmelon. 

can-ta'ta, 1 kan-ta'ta; 2 can-ta'ta, n. 
Mus. A choral composition in the style 
of oratorio. 

can-teen', 1 kan-tln'; 2 e&n-ten', n. Mil. 
1. A soldiers' drinki tig-flask. 2. A sut- 
lers' refreshment* and liquor«shop. 

can'ter, 1 kan'ter; 2 can'ter. I. vt. & vi. 
To ride or move at a canter. II. n. A 
moderate, easy gallop. 

can'ti-cle, )1 kan'ti-kl; 2 ean'ti-d, n. A 

can'ti-cl p , /non-metrical hymn, to b# 
f chanted. — Can'tl-clcs, n. pi. Bib. Th* 
Song of Solomon. 

can'ti-lev"er, 1 kan'ti-lev'ar; 2 c&n'ti- 
leVer, n. A heavy bracket supporting a 
balcony, or reaching out from a pier, and 
joining with another to form a bridge. 

can 'to 1 , 1 kan'to; 2 ean'to, n. A division 
of a poem. 

can 'to 3 , ». Mus. The part to which the 
melody Is assigned; the air; formerly, the 
tenor; in modern use, the soprano. 

can 'ton, 1 kan'tan; 2 can' ton. I. vt. & vi. 

1. To divide into cantons. 2. To assign 
to or enter into quarters. II. n. 1. A 
district, as of the Swiss confederation. 

2. The part of a flag next the staff.— can'- 
ton-men t, n. A place for lodging troops, 
as In a town. 

1 : artistic, Art ; fat, fare; fust ;get, prey ; bit, police ; obey, gO ; not,6r; full, rOle; but, bttrn. 
3: Mrt,apc,fat^are^fast,what,aU; me\ get, pre^y, fern; hit,Ice;I=S;I=e;g*,not,«r,w«n l 


can'vas, 1 kan'ves; 2 ean'vas, n. A heavy, 
strong cloth for sails, paintings, etc. 

can'vass*, 1 kan'vss; 2 can'vas, v. I. t. 

• To solicit personally, as votes or trade; 
examine; scrutinize; sift. II. i. To go 
about soliciting votes, orders, or the like. 
— ean' raiscr , n. 

can'vass, n. 1. The going about to solicit 
orders, interest, or votes. 2. A detailed 
examination; inquiry; scrutiny. 

ean'yon, n. See canon. 

caout'chouc, 1 ku'clmk; 2 ey'chue, n. 

cap, 1 kap; 2 cap. I. tf. & w. [capped, 
cam*; cap'ping.] 1. To put a cap on; 
cover; crown; excel. 2. To doff the cap, 
as in salutation. II. n. A covering with- 
out a brim, to be worn upon the head; a 
covering at the top or end of anything. 

ca'pa-ble, \ 1 ke'pe-bl; 2 ca'pa-bl, a. Able 

ca'pa-bl p , J to do or to receive; efficient; 
qualified; competent.— ca"pa-bU1-ty, 1 ke'- 
pe-bll'i-ti; 2 ca'pa-bll'l-ty, n. [-nss, 1 -tiz; 
2 -tie, pi.] The state or quality of being ca- 
pable. ca'pa-We-nessJ.— ea'pa-bly, adv. 

ea-pa 'clous, 1 ke-pS' alius; 2 ea-pa'shfis, 
a. Able to contain much; spacious; 
roomy, -ly, adv. -ness,a. 

ca-pac'l-ty, 1 kenpas'i-ti; 2 ca-pac'i-ty, n. 
[-ties, 1 -tiz; 2 -tig, pi.] Ability to receive, 
contain, understand, etc.; cubic extent; 
ability; talent; character or office; also, 
legal qualification.— ca-pac'I-tate, l ka-pas'- 
i-tet; 2 ea-pacO-tat. vt. [-^TAT'EDd; -tat'- 
ing.1 To make capable; qualify. 

cap"«a*pie', 1 kap"-e-pl'; 2 cap'-a-p€', 
adv. From head to foot. eap"«a»pe'$. 

ca-parl-son, 1 kd-part-sen; 2 ca-par'i-Bon. 

I. vt. To put housings on; clothe richly. 

II. n. Showy trappings (for a horse); 
sumptuous apparel. 

cape 1 , 1 kep; 2 cap, n. A point of land 
extending into the sea or a lake. 

cape 3 ) n. A short cloak. 

ca'per. 1 ks'par; 2 e&'per, vi. To leap 
playfully; frisk. 

ca'per*, n. Leaping or frisking; prank. 

ca'per*, n. pi. The flower-buda of a Med- 
iterranean shrub, used as a condiment. 

cap'IWa-ry, lkap'i-l€-n:2cap / i-la-ry. I. 
a. Of, pertaining to, or like hair; slender; 
having a hair-like bore, as a tube. II. n. 
[-hies*, pi.] A minute vessel, as those 
connecting the arteries and veins; any 
tube with a fine bore. 

eap't-tal, 1 kap'i-tsl; 2 eap'i-tal, a. 1. 
Chief; principal; admirable. 2. Of or 
pertairung to the death penalty; punish- 
able with death.— eapt-tal-ly, adv. 1. Ex- 
cellently. 2. So as to deserve death. 


eap'i-tal 1 , n. 1. A chief city; the seat 

of government. 2. A large letter used at 
the beginning of a sentence, of a prop- 
er name, etc. capital letter!. 

eap'i-tal 9 , n. Wealth employed in or 
available for production; resources; ad- 
vantages.— eap'l-tal-lst, n. An owner of 

eap'i-tal*, n. The upper member of a 
column or pillar. 

cap'i-tal-ize 1 , 1 kap'i- ' 
tdl-oiz; 2 cap'i-tal-Iz, 
vt. 1-ized; -iz'inq.J 
To begin with a cap- 
ital letter. 

eap ' 1 - tal - tee*, tt. 
1-ized; -iz'ing.] To 


convert into capital or EgyptUm CapluL 

cap"i-ta'tion, 1 kap'i-te'slien; 2 cap'i-ta'- 
shon, n. An individual assessment or tax. 

Cap'i-tol, 1 kap'i-tel; 2 eap'i-t61, n. 1. 
[U. S.] The official building of Congress; 
a State-house. 2. The temple of Jupiter 
Maximus in ancient Rome, or the hill on 
which it stood. 

ca-plt'u-late, 1 ke-pit'yu-lst; 2 ca-plt'yu- 

lat, Vt. & Vt. [-LAT*ED d ; -LAT'xNQ.1 TO 

surrender on conditions; make terms. 
— ca-pifu-Ia'tlon, n. A conditional sur- 
render; a treaty. 

ea'pon, 1 ks'pen; 2 ca'pon, n. A cock 
specially bred for the table. 

ca- price', 1 ke-prfs'; 2 ca-prlc', n. A sud- 
den unreasonable change; a whim; freak; 
capricious disposition.— ea-prl'cloas, 1 ke- 
priSh'us: 2 ea-prlsh'us, a. Fickle; whim- 
sical, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

Cap'ri-corn, 1 kap'n-kern; 2 cap'ri-edrn, n. 
A constellation or sign of the zodiac. 
See tropic. 

cap'sl-cum, 1 kap'si-kum; 2 eap'si-cum, n. 
The plant producing red pepper.or its fruit. 

cap-size % 1 kap-saiz'; 2 cap-slz', vt. & vi. 
(cap-sized'; cap-6iz / ing.] To upset; over- 


cap 'Stan, 1 kap'stan; 2 cap'stan, 

upright windlass for 

hoisting anchors, etc. 
cap 'sule, 1 kap'siul ; 2 e&p'- 

sul, n. A seed-vessel, as 

of a pink or a lily; a small 

case, shell, cap, or seal. 
cap 'tain, 1 kap 7 tin ; 2 e&p'- 

Un, n. The commander Capstan. 

of a vessel, or of a company of soldiers; 

a chief; leader.— cap'taln-ey, n. 1-cies, 1 

-sis; 2 -els, pi.] The position, rank, or term 

of office of a captain, eap'taln-shlpt* 

1: » = fmal; i = habit; able; era = out; ell; ltt = f««d; diin; go; rjssin^; Chin, 
t: W9lf,dVj; bttk, bOftt; fall, rule, cure, but, burn; Ml, bey; go, tern; ipk; thin, 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


eap'tflon, 1 kap'rfhsn, 2 eap'shon, n. A 
title, introduction, or heading. 

cap'tlous, 1 kap'slius; 2 eap'shtis, a. 1. 
Faultfinding; over-critical. 2. Perplex- 
ing; sophistical, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

cap'tt-vate, 1 kap'ti-vgt: 2 cfip'ti-vat, vt. 
pVAT*BD d ; -vat INQ.J To charm; win; 

cap'ti?e,)l kap'tiv; 2 cap'tiv. I. a. 

cap'tiv 8 , /Taken prisoner; held in confine- 
ment or bondage. II. n. One cap- 
tured and held in restraint; a prisoner. 

— eap-tlvi-ty, n. Imprisonment; bondage; 
thraldom.— cap'tor, n. One who takes or 
holds captive. 

cap'ture, 1 kap'cliur or -tiur; 2 cap'chyr or 
-tur. I. vt. [cap'tured; cap'tur-ing.] 
To take captive or possession of; win. 
II. n. The act of capturing; that which 
is captured. 

car* 1 kar; 2 car, n. A wheeled vehicle; 
railway-carriage; basket of a balloon. 

ea"ra-ba'o, l kfi'ro-bfi'o; 2 e&'ra-b&'o, n. 
(P. I J A water-buffalo. 

ear'a-blne, n. , Same as* carbine. 

ca-rafe', 1 ke-raf; 2 ea-raf, n. A glass 

car'a-mel, 1 kar'e-mel; 2 caVa-mel, n. 1. 
A confection of sugar, butter, etc. 2. 
Burnt sugar. 

car 'at, 1 kar' at; 2 caVat, n. 1. A twenty- 
fourth part of the fineness of gold. 2. A 
unit of weight for gems, about 3.2 grains. 

Car 'a- van, 1 kar'a-van; 2 e&Va-van, n. An 
Oriental armed company of traders, etc. ; a 
traveling menagerie.— ear"a-van'ga-ry, l 
-68-n;2-sa-ry,n. [-ribs, 1 -its; 2 -rig, pi.) An 
Oriental hostelry or Inn. car'a-ran'se-rat. 

car 'a- way, 1 kar'e-wg; 2 car'a-wa, n. A 
European herb or its spicy fruit, the so- 
called seeds. 

car 'bine, 1 kar'bain: 2 carTrfn, n. A 
horseman's rifle.— car"bl-ncer', l kfir"bi- 
nlr'; 2 ear'bl-ner', n. A soldier armed with a 

car-boric, 1 kar-bel'ik; 2 car-b6Tie, a. Of 
or pertaining to coal-tar oil.— carbolic acid, 
a caustic poison, used as an antiseptic and 

carlxm, 1 kaVben; 2 caVbon, n. A non- 
metallic chemical element; pure charcoal. 

— car"bon-a'ceora,lkfr"b8n-6'snu8;2ear"- 
bon-fi'shus, a. Of. pertaining to, or yielding 
carbon.— car'bon - ate. I. vt. I-at'edo; 
-at 'inq.J To charge with carbonic acid. II. 
n. A salt of carbonic acid.— car-bon'lc, 1 
kar-ben'ik; 2 ear-bon'le, a. Of. pertaining 
to. or obtained from carbon.— carbonic add, 
a heavy, colorless, incombustible gas.— car"- 
bon-IFer-ons, a. Containing or yielding car- 


bon o? coal.— car'bon-lze, 1 kSr'ben-alE; 2 
eaVbon-lz. vt. [-ized; -iz'inq.] To reduce 
to carbon; coat or charge with carbon. 

car"bo-run'dum, 1 kar"bo-run'dum;. 2. 
car*bo-run'dum, n. An artificial com- 
pound of carbon or silicon made in the 
electric furnace and used for abrasive pur- 
poses.— car /r bo-run'dum •cloth" or •pa* r - 
per, n. 

carboy, 1 kaVbei; 2 cftr'boy, n. A large 
glass bottle enclosed in a box or in wicker- 
work, for corrosive acids, etc. 

carfran-cle, )1 kaVbun-kl; 2 e&r'bun-el, 

cartmn-cl*, (n. 1. A malignant boil. 2. 
A gem of brilliant fire and deep red color. 

ear / bu-ret"er, 1 kar'biu-ret'er; 2 cai^bfi- 
reVer, n. 1. A device to charge air or 
gas with volatile substances for illumi- 
nating purposes. 2. A device to carrya 
current of air through or over a liquid 
fuel, so that the air may take up the va- 
por to form an explosive mixture for 
operating the motor, as of an aeroplane, 
automobile, etc. car'ba-refor or -terj.' 

car'cass, ) 1 kar'kds: 2 car'cas, n. 1. The 

car 'case, / dead body of an animal. 2* 
The frame, as of a house or ship. 

card*. 1 kard; 2 card, vt. To comb, dress, 
or cleanse with a card. See card*, n. 

cards "• I* A piece of cardboard bear- 
ing a name, etc , or symbols for use in 
play. 2. Cardboard.— card'board", a. A 
thin pasteboard of fine quality and finish. 

cards n. A wire-toothed brush, as for 
carding wool. 

car'dl-ac, 1 kaVdi-ak; 2 earMi-ae, a. Per- 
taining to, situated near, or affecting the 

car'dl-nal, 1 kor'di-nsl ; 2 cfirMi-nal, o. 1. 
Of prime importance; chief. 2. Of a 
rich red color; vermilion. 

car'dl-nal, n. 1. One of the princes of 
the Roman Catholic Church. 
2. The American red-bird, a 
red crested finch, car'dl- 
nal*blrd"t. 3. A bright and 
rich red color.— carMI-nal-ate, 
n. The rank, dignity, or term - 
of office of a cardinal, car'dl- 

care, 1 kar; 2 car. I.w. [cared: 
car'ing.] To be interested 
or concerned; be inclined or ^ ss _ 
disposed; desire. II. n. 1. Cardinal. 
Anxiety or concern; .solid- '" 

tude. 2. Charge or oversight. 3. Regard 
or attention; need. .4. Any object of 
solicitude.— careTul, a. Exercising, marked 
by, or done with care; attentive; prudent; 
circumspect. 'If, adv. -ness, n.— careless. 

1: artistic, Ort;f*t, fare; fast ;get» prey ;Mt, polte^ 

S: art,ape,fat,fare,fast,what,aU; me,get,prc.y,fern; hit, Ice: I=S; i=e; go\n6t,or, wdn, 

Digitized by V^jOOQ LC 


a. Free from care; neglectful; heedless; light- 
hearted; negligent; easy. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ca-reen', 1 ke-rln'; 2 ca-ren', «*. & vi. To 
tip or incline to one side, as a vessel. 

ca-reer', 1 ke-rlr / ; 2 ca-rer'. I. vi. To 
rush; sweep on. II. n. A free and swift 
course, run, or charge; a life or period of 
notable achievement. 

eareTul, careless, etc. See under care. 

ca-ress', 1 ke-res'; 2 ea-res\ 1*. vt. To 
touch endearingly; fondle; embrace: pet. 
II. n. A gentle, affectionate movement. 

ca'ret, 1 ke'ret; 2 ea'r6t, n. A sign (A ) de- 
noting an omission. 

car'go. 1 koVgo; 2 car'go, n. Goods and 
merchandise taken on board of a vessel; 
lading; load. _, 

carl-boa, 1 karVbu; 2 eaVi-bu, n. The 
North-American rein- 

car'i-ca-ture, 1 kar'i- 
ke-diur or -tiur; 2 

. ear'i-ea-churor-tur. I. 
vt. [-tured; -tur'inq.] 
To represent so as to 
make ridiculous; bur- 
lesque. II. n. A T?°--mumxciw*- 
ture or description caribou Antlers, 
marked by ridiculous . .. 

exaggeration; burlesque.- cart-ca-tur-Ist, 
n. A maker of caricatures. 

ea'ri-es, 1 kS'n-Iz; 2 ciVri-eg, n. Decay of 
aboneorofatooth.-ca'rl-oiiB.a. Affected 
with caries; decayed 

carl-ole, 1 kar'i-Ol; 2 cart-el, n. A smaU 

C^m^gnole', 1 Mrtna"ny51'; 2 ear-ma; 
nyoT, n. A wild dance and song of th 
French revolutionists of 1789. 

ear 'man. 1 koVmen; 2 ear'man, n. [car - 
mbn, p7.] One who drives a car or cart. 

car'mlne, 1 kar'min; 2 eaVmin, n. A rich 
purplishied color, prepared from cochi- 
neal; rouge. _ 

ear'nage, 1 koVnij; 2 caVnag, n. Exten- 
sive and bloody slaughter; massacre ; also, 
the bodies of the slain. , . 

ear'nal, 1 koVnel; 2 ear'nal, a. Pertaining 
to the fleshly nature or to bodily appe- 
tites; sensual; formerly, worldly; not 
spiritual.- car-nall-ty, n. The quality of 
being carnal; sensuality.- car'nal-lse, vt. 
To make carnal.— car'nal-ly, adv. 

car-na'tlon, 1 kar-nS'slien; 2 e&r-na'shon, 
n. 1. Flesh-color. «. A pink of south- 
ern Europe. 

car-Be flan, 1 kor-nfl'yen; 2 ear-neTyan, n . 
A red chalcedony, often cut as a gem. 

car 'nl-val, 1 kaVni-val ; 2 eaVni-val, n. A 
period of gaiety, just before Lent; a revel. 



car-nlv'o-rous, 1 kar-niv'o-rus; 2 ear* 
ruVo-rus, a. Eating or living on flesh. 

car'ol, 1 kar'el; 2 car'ol. I. vt. & vU 
[car'ol(e)d» or car'olled; car'ol-ino 
or CAR'oL-LiNa.] To sm$ as a bird; war- 
ble. II. n. A song of joy, as of a bird; 
a joyous hymn; a Christmas ballad. 

car'om, 1 kar'em; 2 caVom. I. vi. To 
make a glancing movement. II. n. The 
impact of a ball against two others in 

ca-rot'ld, 1 ke-ret'id; 2 ca-r5t'id, n. One 
of the great arteries of the neck, carotid 

ca-rou'sal, 1 ke-rau'sel; 2 ea-rou'sal, n, 
A jovial feast or banquet; boisterous 

ca-rouse', 1 ke-raus'; 2 ca-rous'. *•.»»• 
[ca-roused'; ca-rous'ing.J To dnnk 
deeply and boisterously. II. n. A ca- 

car'ou-sel, 1 kar'u-sel; 2 c&r'u-gel, ». *• 

A merry-go-round. !&• A tournament. 

carp*, 1 karp; 2 carp, vi. To find fault un- 
reasonably; cavil. ,i» 

carp, n. [carp, formerly carps, pl.\ A 
fresh-water f opd-fish. 

car'pen-ter, 1 koVpen-ter; 2 caVpen-tSr, n. 
A Duilder or repairer of wooden struc- 
tures.— car'pen-try, n. The art, trade, or 
work of a carpenter. 

car 'pet, 1 kar'pet; 2 caVpSt. Id. vt. To 
cover with or as with a carpet. !!•**. A 
heavy ornamental floor»covering.— carpet- 
bag", n. A hand-bag, especially one made 
of carpeting.— car'pet-lng, n. Material for 
carpets; carpets collectively. 

car'r' ~ * ' ''" n ~ M ^ ; 

'rlage, 1 kar'ij; 2 cai/a^, n. 1. A 
wheeled vehicle for carrying persons; 
that which carries something, as in a ma- 
chine; transportation; the cost of carry- 
ing. 8. Deportment; bearing. 3f» Some- 
thing carried. 

car'ri-er, 1 karVer; 2 eaVi-er, n. One who 
or that which carries. 

car'rl-on, 1 karVen; 2 caVi-on, n. Dead 
and putrefying flesh; a carcass. 

car 'rot, 1 kar'et; 2 e&r'ot, n. A reddish* 
yellow edible root, or the plant producing 
it.— car # rot-y» «. , , . 

car'ry. 1 kar'i; 2 eaVy, ». [car'ried; cab'- 
ry-ing.] 1. 1. 1. To take, as in the hand 
or arms, from one place to another; trans- 
port; transfer; convey. # 9. To hold; con- 
tain; include; involve; imply. 3. To in- 
fluence; win; capture. 4. To bear up; 
sustain, ft. To demean or conduct; be- 
have. II. t. To have influence, propel- 
ling power, or the like. 


final; i = habit: aisle; «u = out; oil; 10 = feud; cliin; go; n = sing; ^ ] 

1: w 9 lf,dfl; bd&k, W»t; f»U, mle, cQre, but,bOrn; 611, bdy; go, gem; iffk; thin, tbl* 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


cart, 1 kart;2c&rt. I d . vt. Avi. To carry 
in or as in a cart; drive a cart. II. n. A 
two-wheeled vehicle, heavy for loads, or 
light, with springs, for pleasure.— cart'age, 
n. The act or cost of carting.— cart'er, n. 
One who drives a cart; a teamster. 

Carte 1 , 1 kart; 2 cart, n. A card or paper; a 
bill of fare — carte blanche, 1 kart blflhsn, 
S cart blanch, an order signed in blank; un- 
conditional permission or authority. 

Mite*, n. A position in fencing. 

ear'tel, 1 kar'tel or kar-tel'; 2 ear'tel or 
ear-teT, n. 1. A written agreement for 
exchange of prisoners. 2. A challenge. 

car'tl-lage, 1 kdr'ti-lij; 2 car'ti-lag, n. 
Gristle, -carm-lagl-nous, l kflrti-laj'i- 
nxre; 2 ear'ti-lag'i-nas, a. Gristly; having a 
gristly skeleton, as sharks. 

car-toon % 1 kar-tun'; 2 car-toon', n. 1. 
A large sketoh, as for a fresco. 2. A cari- 

cartridge, 1 kar'trij; 2 ear'tridg, n. A 
charge for a firearm or for blasting, en- 
closed in a case.— blank cartridge, a car- 
tridge containing powder only. 

carve, ) 1 kdrv; 2 carv, vt. & vi. [carv(e)d b ; 

carv 8 , / carv'inq.] 1. To make or decorate 
by cutting or chiseling; sculpture. 2. 
To cut up, as cooked meat.— carv'er, n — 
carving, n. [small waterfall. 

eas-cade', 1 kas-ked'; 2 eas-cad', n. A 

ease, 1 kSs: 2 cas, vt. [cased; cas'inq.] To 
cover with a case; incase. 

case 1 , n. 1. The state of things; condi- 
tion; situation; instance; event; contin- 
gency; in law, a cause of action; a suit. 
2. Oram. The relation of a noun, pro- 
noun, or adjective to other words. 

case 2 , 1 k§s; 2 cas, n. A covering in which 
something may be kept; quantity or 
number so contained; a set; a tray for 
holding type. 

case''hard"en, 1 keV-hard'n; 2 c&s'- 
hard'n, vt. To harden the surface of 
(iron) ; make callous or insensible. 

ca'se-ln, 1 ke'si-in; 2 ea'se-Xn, n. A con- 
stituent of milk, the chief ingredient in 

ease 'mate, 1 kes'met; 2 eas'mat, n. A 
chamber, as in a fort, with openings for 

case'ment, 1 kes'ment or -ment; 2 cas'- 
ment, n. A hinged win dow-sash ; window. 

casta*, 1 kaan; 2 cash, vt t To convert into 

casta 1 , n. Current money in hand. 

castas n. [cash, pi.) A former coin of 
China, worth one-fifth of a cent. 

cash-ler', 1 kasTi-lr'; 2 eash-eV, vt. To dis- 
miss in disgrace, as a military officer. 


i ■ 
cash-ler', n. A cash-keeper or paymaster. 
casta 'mere, 1 kasTi'mlr: 2 eash'mer, n. A 

fine, soft fabric from Kashmir in India. 
ca-si'no, 1 ke-sl'no; 2 ca-sTno, n. 1. A 

room or building for public resort and 

diversion. 2. A game of cards. 
cask, 1 kosk; 2 eask,.n. A barrel-shaped 

wooden vessel, or the quantity it will hold. 
cas'ket, 1 kas'ket; 2 cas'kSt, n. 1. A 

jewel-case. 2. [U. S.] A burial-case. 
casque. 1 kosk; 2 cask, n. A helmet. 
cas-sa'va, 1 ka-sa/va; 2 ea-sa'va, n. 1. A 

tropical American shrub or herb; manioc 

2. Tapioca. 
cas'sla, 1 kasTi'e or -i-e; 2 cash'a or -i-a, n. 

A coarse variety of cinnamon; also, the 

tree yielding it. 
cas 'si-mere, 1 kas'i-mir; 2 cas'i-mer, n, 

A woolen cloth for men's wear. 
cas-sl'no, n. Same as casino. 
cas 'sock, 1 kas'ek; 2 e&s'ok, n. A long 

close-fitting garment for a clergyman. 
cas'so-wa-ry, 1 kas'o-we-ri; 2 eas'o-wft-ryv 

n. [-ries, 1-ns; 

2 -rig, pi] A 

large, fleet, os- 
trich-like bird of 

cast, 1 kast; 2 

cast, vt. & vi. 

[cast; cashing.] 

1. To throw with 
force; fling; hurl. 

2. To throw off, 
out, or over; 

£ri£ *& feHeImetedC»ow«y. .,« 
pute. 3. To shape in a mold; found; 
stereotype. 4. To compute; calculate. 
5. Theat. To assign, as an actor of a part, 
cast, n. 1. A throw; anything thrown. 
2. An object shaped in a mold. 3. An 
impression, as in wax. 4. A character* 
istic formation; stamp; shade. 5* A 
squint. 6. Theat. The distribution of 
parts to performers. 
eas'ta-net, 1 kas'te-net; 2 efts'ta-ngt, n, 
A pair of small clappers, used as an ac- 
companiment to song or dance. 
east'a-way, 1 kast'e-wC; 2 east'a-wft, n. 
One who is wrecked or abandoned; an 
caste, ) 1 kast; 2 cast, n. A hereditary so- 
east*, / cial class, as one of those found in 


cas'tel-laf ed, 1 kas'te-lSfed; 2 eas'tS- 

lfit %d, pa. Having battlements ; fortified. 

cast'er, 1l kast'er, -er or -er; 2 east'Sr, 

cast'or, J -or, n. 1. One who or that 

•: &t,a]^fat,£aj^«ast,wha^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


which casts. 2. A cruet, or a stand for 
cruets. 3. A small roller for furniture. 

cas'tl-gate, 1 kas'ti-ggt; 2 e&s'ti-gat, vt. 
[-oat ED d ; -gat'inq.] To whip; chas- 
tise; correct. — cas"tl-ga'tl©n, 1 kas'ti-ge'- 
snen; 2 castl-ga'shon, n. A whipping; 
severe rebuke or criticism. 

cast'Inf, 1 kast'in; 2 cast'ing, n. m The act 
of casting.orany metal object cast ina mold. 

cas'tle, ) 1 kas'l; 2 cas'l, n. 1. A fortress; 

C*s'tl p , /a fortified residence. 2. Chess. 
A castle-shaped piece; a rook. » 

cms 'tor 1 , 1 kas'ter or -ter; 2 cas' 1. 
A beaver, or its fur; a hat. 2. A heavy 
fabric for overcoats, etc. 

cas'tor*, n. Same as casteb. 

cas'tor«oll", 1 kas'tdr-[or -ter-]©il"; 2 cas'- 
tor-6iT, n. A thick vegetable oil : used as 
a cathartic. 

eas'trate, 1 kas'trgt; 2eas'trat, vt. Tore- 
move the sexual germ-bearing glands from 
(the male) ; emasculate. 

cas'u^al, 1 ka3'u-el; 2 cazh'u-al, a. Oc- 
curring by chance; accidental; unusual. 
— cas'u-al-ly, adv. — cas'u-al-ty, l kas'u- 
el-ta; 2 eazh'u-al-ty, n. [-ties, 1 -tiz; 2 -tig, 
pi.] 1. A fatal or serious accident. 2. A 
chance occurrence. 

eas'u-lst-ry, 1 ka3'u-ist-n; 2 eazh'u- 
ist-ry, n. [-eies, 1 -tiz; 2 -rig, vl.\ 1. 
The determination of duty in doubtful 
cases. 2. Sophistical reasoning. — cas'u- 
Ist, n. An expert in casuistry; a sophist.— 
cas'u-ls'tic, a. cas'u-Is'tl-cali. 

Cat, 1 kat; 2 eat, n. 1. A domestic animal, 
kept to kill mice and rats. 2. One^ of 
various fishes. 3. A purchase for hoist- 
ing an anchor. 4. A cat-o'-nine-taila. 

eat'a-clysm, 1 kat'e-klizm: 2 cat'a-clygm, 
n. An overwhelming flood or convulsion. 

cat'a-comb, 1 kat'e-k6m; 2 cat'a-cSm, n. 
An underground gallery used as a burial* 

cat'a-lep-sy, 1 kat'e-lep-si; 2 e&t'a-lep-sy, 
n. Sudden loss of consciousness, with 
muscular rigidity.— cafa-lep'tlc, a. &, n. 

eat'a-lo, 1 kat'a-lo; 2 eat'a-lo, n. A hybrid 
between the North-American buffalo and 
the domestic cow. 

cat'a-log, ) 1 kat'a-leg; 2 cat'a-16g. l.vt. 

eafa-logue, / JhLOQED, -logued; -log'ing, 
logu'ing.j To list. II. n. An alpha- 
betical list of names, persons, or things. 

ca-taTpa, 1 ks-tal'pe; 2 ca-t&l'pa, n. A 
tree of North America and the Orient, 
with ovate leaves and bell-shaped flowers. 

cat" a-ma-ran\ l kat'e-me-ran'; 2 cat'a- 
ma-ran', n. A long raft with outrigger. 

eat'a-mount, 1 kat'd-maunt; 2 eat'a- 
mount, n. A wildcat, cougar, or lynx. 

mdden, violent change, 
rd'; 2 catbird', n. A 


cat'a-plasm, 1 kat'd-plazm; 2 eat'a-plagm, 
n. A poultice. 

cat'a-pult, 1 kat'e-pult; 2 eat'a-pult, n. 
An ancient military engine for throwing 
stones, etc. 

cat'a-ract, 1 kat'e-rakt; 2 c&t'a-raet, n. 1* 
A great waterfall. 2. Opacity of a lens of 
the eye. 

ca-tarrh', 1 ka-tfir' ; 2 ca-taV, n. Excessive 
secretion from a mucous membrane, as 
of the throat and head.— ca-tarrh'al, a. 

ca-tas'tro-phe, ) 1 ks-tas'tro-fi; 2 ca- 

ca-tas'tro-fe 1 ', J tas'tro-fe, n. 1. A final 
event; fatal conclusion; sudden misfor- 
tune. 2. Geol. A sudden, violent change. 

cat'bird", 1 kat'burd'; 2 catbird', n. A 
small slate-colored 
N o r t h -American , 
thrush with cat* v s 
like cry. 

cafboat", 1 kat'- 
bof; 2 c&t'bot', n. 
A small, one-mast- 
ed sailboat. 

catch, 11 kadh; 2 „ _ . 1# 

each*, J each, v. Catbird. i/i« 
[caught, lkot, 2 cftt; catch'ing.] 1. t. 1. 
To take; seize; capture; ensnare; surprize. 
2. To grasp; apprehend; engage; capti- 
vate. II. ». 1. To seize or attempt to 
seize something: with at. 2. Baseball. To 
act as catcher. 3. To become entangled 
or fastened. 4. To be contagious.— 
catch'er, n.— catch'ing, pa. Infectious; 
contagious; captivating. — catch'pen"ny. 
I. a. Cheap, poor, and showy. II. n. 
[-NiES*. pi.] An inferior article, made merely 
to sell. 

catch, n. 1. The act of catching. 2. 
That which catches; a fastening. 3. 
Something caught or gained. 4. A trick. 
5. An impediment; a break. 6. Mus. A 
round; a scrap of song. 

catch 'up, 1 kadh'up; 2 cach'up, n. A 
spiced condiment for meats. 

cat'e-chlsm, 1 kat'i-kizm; 2 cat'e-clgm, n. 
A book of religious instruction by question 
and answer.— cat" e-chet'lc, -1-cal, 1 katV 
ket'ik, -l-kel; 2 eat"e-e€t'le, -i-cal, a. Of or 
pertaining to a catechism or to instruction 
by question and answer. 

cat'e-chlze, -chlse, 1 kat'i-koiz; 2 c&t'e- 

€lz, Vt. [-CHIZED, -CHISED; -CHtZ'lNG, 

-chts "inc.] To interrogate; instruct as by 
catechism.— cat'e-chlst, n. One who cate- 
chizes. cat'e-chta"er or -chls'er!. 

eat'e-chu, 1 kat'i-dhu; 2 c&t'e-chy, n. An 
astringent extract from various Oriental 

cat"e-chu'men, 1 kat'i-kiu'men; 2 cat'e- 

1: a s final; is habit; aisle; an = out; oil; 10 = feud; cliin; go; Q = sin^; thin, ttii& 
8: waif, dfi; boTOc, boT^t; full, rule, cOre. but, born w , 611, bdy; fto, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 

Representative Types of Cats. 

1. Manx. 2. Silver tabby. 3. Angora. 4. Short-haired brown tabby. 5. Smoke 1 
6. Siamese. 7. Short-haired blue. 8. Short-haired tortoise-shell. 9. Shaded silver. 

Digitized by VjOO 



eu'men, n. One under cateohetio instruc- 
tion; a new convert. 

eat'e-ge-ry, 1 kat'i-go-n; 2 cat'e-fro-ry, n. 
[•bibs*, pi.} A class or order.— cafe-gorl- 
eal, 1 katVgert-kel; 2 eat'e-gor'i-eal, a. 
Unqualified; absolute; positive, -ly, adv. 

Ca'ter, 1 kS'ter; 2 ca'ter, vi. To furnish 
food or entertainment.— ca'ter-er, n. One 
who furnishes food, etc., for entertainments. 

eat'er-ptFlar, \ kat'er-pil'er ; 2 eat'Sr- 
pfl'ar, n. The larva of a butterfly, moth, 
or the like. 

eat'er-waul, 1 kat'dr-wel; 2 eat'er-waj, vi. 
To utter a discordant cry like a cat. 

Catfish", 1 kat'fisV; 2 eat'flsh", n. Any 
one of various fishes. 

Cftt'guf, 1 kat'guf; 2 cat'gtit", n. A very 
tough cord, made from the intestines of 
ftnirnnla, for stringing musical instru- 
ments, etc. 

ea-thar'tlc, 1 ke-€har'tik; 2 ea-thar'tie. 
I* a. purgative; purifying. II. n. A 
purgative medicine. 

ea-the'dral, 1 ke-thl'drel; 2 ca-thfi'dral, n. 
The chief church of a diocese; the church 
containing the official throne or chair of 
the bishop. 

cath'ode, 1 ka£h'5d; 2 eath'Sd, n. The 
negative pole of a galvanic battery: 
opposed to anode. 

Cath 'o-llc, 1 ka€h'o-hk ; 2 cath'o-lic I. a. 
1. Pertaining to the whole Christian 
church. 2. Specif. : Of or pertaining (1) to 
the Church of Rome, (2) to the Church 
of England, or (3) to the Greek 
Church. 3. [c-1 Large* minded; lib- 
eral; universal. II. n. A member of the 
Roman Catholic Church.— Ca-tholl-clsm, 
1 ks-(hel / i-slsm;2ea-thdl1"Clsm t n. The ten- 
ets of the Roman Catholic Church.— cath"- 
o-tte'l-ty, l kath'o-lis'i-ti; 2 eath'o-llc'i-ty, 
n. Comprehensiveness; liberality; univer- 

catldn, 1 katlan; 2 cat'kin, n. A scaly 
spike of flowers, as in the willow; an 

eat'mlnf , 1 kat'minf; 2 eat'mmf, n. 
An aromatic herb of which cats are fond. 

cat"*o*<nlne'*tails, 1 kaf-o-noin'-tsli; 2 
eat"-o*nIn'*tals, n. A whip with nine 
lashes: formerly used for flogging in the 
army and navy. 

eats'paw", 1 kats'pe'; 2 e&ts'pa/, n. 1. A 
person used as a tool or dupe: m allusion 
to the fable of the monkey's using the 
cat's paw to draw chestnuts from the 
fire. Z. Naut. A light wind barely ruffling 
the water. cat*s'*paw"t. 

eaftup, a. Same as catchup. 


cat 'tie, 11 katl; 2 eatfl, n. pi. 1. Domee- 

cat1 p , j ticated bovine animals; formerly 
any live stock kept for use or profit, at 
horses, camels, sheep, etc. 2. Human 
beings: said contemptuously. 

Cau-ca'slau, 1 ko-kasn'en or -ke'rfhan; 2 
ea-cash an or -e&'shan, n. A member of 
the white division of the human species: 
also used adjectively. 

cau'cus, 1 ke'kus; 2 ea/ctis, n. [U. S.] A 
private or preliminary meeting of mem- 
bers of a political party to select candi- 
dates or to conoert measures. 

cau'dal, 1 ko'del; 2 ea/dal, a. Of, per- 
taining to, or near the tall.— cau'date, a. 
Having a tall. 

cau'dle, )1 ke'dl; 2 ea/dl, n. A warm 

cau'dl p , J drink of wine, eggs, etc. 

caught* 1 kSt; 2 eat. Imp. of catch, o. 

caul, 1 kel; 2 cal, n. A membrane, as a 
fold of the peritoneum. 

caul'dron, l keTdren; 2 eal'dron, a. Same 


cau'H-flow"er. 1 ke'li-flau'er; 2 eftli- 
flow'Sr, n. A variety of cabbage. 

caulk, caulk'er, etc Same as calk, etc 

cause, 1 kdz ; 2 eas. I. vt. [caused ; caus'- 
inq.J To produce; effect; compel. II* 
n. !• That which produces any thing or 
event. 2. A reason: purpose; aim. S« 
A great enterprise. 4. A lawsuit.— cans'* 
al, a. Pertaining to, constituting, or ex- 
pressing a cause.— cau-sal'1-ty, n. [-ties*. 
pi.] 1. The relation of cause and effect. 2. 
Causal action or agency.— cau-sa'tlon, a. 
The principle of causality; causative power, 
action, or agency.— caus'a-ttv(e«, a. Effeo- 
tive as a cause; expressing cause; causal— 
causeless, a. 1. Having no Just cause; 
groundless. 2. Uncaused, -ly, adv. -ness, n, 

cause 'way, 1 keVw§; 2 eas/wa, n. A 

' raised road, as over marshy ground. 

caus 'tic, 1 kes'tik; 2 eas'tic. I. a. Cor- 
roding; corrosive; sarcastic II. n. A 
caustic substance. — caus- tic T-ty, 1 kes- 
tls'i-ti; 2 eas-tlc'i-ty, n. caus'tlc-ness*. 

cau'ter-lie or-lse, 1 ke'ter-aiz; 2 ea/ter-Is, 
vt. [-ized; -iz'inq.] To sear with a caus- 
tic or a hot Iron.— cau'teM-aalor -sa> 
Hon, a. 

cau'ter-y, 1 ke'tsr-i; 2 ea/ter-y, n. [-res", 
pi] The act of cauterising; a cauterising 

cau'ttou, 1 ke'shsn; 2 ee/shon. I. vt. To 
warn. II. n. 1. Care to avoid injury or 
misfortune; prudence; wariness. 2. A 
warning.— cau'tlon-a-ry, 1 ke'shsn-ern; 8 
ea'shon-a-ry, a. Warning.— cau'ttous,l ke*- 
Shus; 2 es/shus, a. Exercising caution; wary; 
prudent, -ly, adv. -ness, a. 

1: a a final; i = habit; aisle; on = out; ell; la = feted; 4hin; go; rj =&\ng; Chin, this, 
t: w^lf, dg; Mbk, btfot; full, rule, care, but, burn; Wl, b*y ; to, gem; i©k; thin, ihia 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Representative Types of Cattle. 
1. Shorthorn ban. 2. Hereford bull. 3. Aberdeen-Angus bull. 4. Galloway bull. 5. Devon bun I 
a. Sussex steer. 7. Red Polled cow. 8. Polled Durham cow. 9. West Highland cow. 10. Holstein* 
Frleslan cow. 11. Dutch Belted bull. 12. Jersey cow. 13. Guernsey cow. 14. Ayrshire cow. 15 
Texas Longhorn steer. 


by Google 


cav"al-cade', 1 kav'el-ked'; 2 cav'al-ead', 
n. A company of riders; a parade. 

cav"a-ller ', 1 kavVuV: 2 eav'a-leV. I. a.' 
Free and easy: offhand ; haughty. II. n. 

I. [C-] A royalist opponent of the English 
Puritans. 2. A horseman; knight; lover; 
escort.— ow^a-Berty, adv. 

eav'al-ry, 1 kav'el-n; 2 cav'al-ry, n. 
Mounted troops. 

ea*va-trna, 1 ka'va-tr*na; 2 ca'va-tPna, n. 
Jtfta. A short and simple aria; a song with- 
out a second part. 

awe, 1 kev; 2 eav. I. vt. A vi. [caved; 
cav'inq.] To hollow out; cause to fall in; 
give way. II. n. A natural cavity in 
earth or rock. 

eav 'era, 1 kav'ern; 2 caVem, n. A large 
cave; a den; cavity.— caT'ern-ous, 1 kav*- 
srn-us; 2 eav'ern-us, a. Of or like a cavern 
or caverns; hollow; hollow-sounding — cav'- 
ern-ons-ly, adv. 

cav"l-ar', 1 kavVaV; 2 eav'i-ar', n. The 
salted roe of the sturgeon. 

cav1l,lkav'il;2€av'il. I.w. [cav>il(e)d" 
or cav'illbd; cav'il-inq or cav'il- 
LiNQ.l To raise frivolous objections. 

II. n. A captious objection; caviling. 

— cavll-er, carll-ler, n. 

cavl-ty, 1 kavVti; 2 c&Vi-ty, n. [-ties", 
pi.] A hollow or sunken space; hole. 

caw. 1 ke ; 2 t%. I. vi. To cry like a crow. 
U. n. The cry of the crow. 

Cay-enne', \ 1 ke-en' or kai-en': 2 eft-en' 

Cay-en ^ J or cl-en', n. Red pepper. 

cay 'man, 1 ke'men; 2 ea'man, n. An 
American alligator. 

cay-use', 1 kai-yus'; 2 d-yus', iu [North- 
western U. ».] An Indian pony; a 

cease, 1 sis; 2 ces, vt. & vi. [ceased*, 
ceast 8 ; cbas'inq.] To leave off; end; 
stop; desist.— ceaseless, a. Continuing 
without pause or stop, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ce'dar, 1 si'der; 2 c6'dar, n. A large ever- 
green tree of the pine family. 

cede, 1 sld; 2 cSd, vt. [ced'ed*; ced'ing.] 
To surrender title 'to; transfer; give up: 
said especially of territory. [ceiling. 

ceo, 1 sfl; 2 ©51, vt. To furnish with a 

celling, 1 su'in; 2 cel'ing, n. The over- 
head covering of a room. 

ceTe-brate. 1 sel'i-brfit; 2 cel'e-brat, vt. 
[-brat'edo; -brat'inq.] To commcmo- 
rate joyfully; keep; observe; make famous, 
as by song or poem.— cel'e-brant.n. One who 
celebrates, as mass.— cet'e-brat'ed, pa. 1. 
Famous, 2. Performed with customary rltei. 

— ceVe-bra'tton, n. The act of celebrating; 
a festal observance.— ce-Ieb'rl-ty, l si-leh'- 


n-ti; 2 ce-leVrl-ty, n. [-ties*, pi.] Fame; 
distinction; a celebrated person. 

ce-ler'My, 1 si-lerVti; 2 ce-leVi-ty, n. 
Quickness; speed. 

cel'er-y, 1 sel'er-i; 2 gel'Sr-y, n. A bien- 
nial herb, whose blanched stems are used 
as a salad. 

ce-les'tlal, 1 si-les'dhel ; 2 ce-leVchal. I. a 

1. Of or pertaining to the sky or heaven; 
heavenly. 2. Chinese. II. n. 1. A 
heavenly being. 2. [C-J A Chinese. 
— ce-les'tlal-ly, adv. 

cel'i-ba-cy, 1 seri-be-si; 2 cel'i-ba-cy. n. 
The state of being unmarried.— cell-bate, n. 
An unmarried person. 

cell, 1 1 sel; 2 eel, n. 1. A small chamber, 

cel p ,J space, cavity, or vesicle. 2. Elec. A 
single element of a voltaic battery. 

cellar, 1 sel'sr; 2 cel'ar, n. An under- 
ground room.— cellar-age, n. A cellar or 
cellars; storage In a cellar, or the charge for it. 

cello, 1 dhel'lo; 2 chel'lo. n. Mu$. A violon- 

cel'lu-lar, 1 sel'yu-Ier; 2 gel'yu-lar, a. Of, 
pertaining to, or like a cell or cells. 

cellu-lold, 1 sel'yu-leid; 2 ceTyu-16id, n. 
A hard elastic compound, prepared from 

Celt 1 , 1 selt; 2 celt, n. One of the family 
that includes the Irish, Welsh, Bretons, 
etc.— Celtic, a. An. 

celt*, n. A prehistoric implement or weap- 
on of stone or bronze. 

ce-ment% 1 si-ment'; 2 ce-ment'. I d . vt. 
& vi. To cover with or join by cement; 
unite; cohere. II. n. A substance for 
joining objects by adhesion: a mortar-like 
substance for producing a hard, smooth, 
or water-proof surface. 

cem"en-ta'tlon, 1 sem'en-tg'slien; 2 cem'- 
en-t&'shon, n. 1. The act of cementing. 

2. A process of modifying a metal by heat. 
cem'e-ter-y, 1 sem'i-ter-i; 2 cem'e-tfir-y, n. 

[-IE8", pl.\ A place for the burial of the 

cen'o-blte, 1 sen'o-bait; 2 cen'o-blt, n. A 
monk.— cen'o-bitlc, cen'o-blt'l-cal, a. 

cen'o-taph, ) 1 sen'o-tof; 2 cen'o-taf, n. 

cen'o-taf*, J An empty tomb. 

cen'ser, 1 sen'sar; 2 cen'ser, n. A ves- 
sel for burning incense. 

cen'sor, 1 sen'sar or -ser; 2 cen'aor, n. 1. 
An official examiner empowered to prohibit 
publication of manuscripts; one who cen- 
sures; a critic. 2. An ancient Roman 
magistrate.— cen-so'rl-ous, a. Given to 
censure; faultfinding, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— 
cen'sor-ship, n. The office, term, or powers 
of a censor or critic. 

1: as final; is habit; aisle; on =s out; ell; lt» = f«*d; cliin; go; n = sfn<7; thin, ttits, 
t: wiolf, dgi bdbk, Mot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, bdy ; go, fern; ink; thin, thi* 



een'sure, 1 sen'sliur; 2 cen'shur. I. vt. 
[cen'sured; cen'sur-ing.] To blame; 
condemn; reprimand. II. n. The act 
of censuring; disapproval; blame; repri- 
mand.— cen'sur-a-bl(e p , a. Deserving cen- 
sure; blameworthy. 

een'sus, 1 sen's us; 2 een'sus, n. An offi- 
cial numbering of the people of a country. 

cent, 1 sent ; 2 cent, n. The one-hundredth 
part of a dollar.— per cent., see per. 

cen'tal, 1 sen'tel; 2 cen'tal. I. a. Of or 
pertaining to a hundred. II* n. An 
English hundredweight, 112 pounds. 

een'tare, l sen't&r or (F.) santar"; 2 cta'- 
tar or (F.) can"tar\ n. See metric sys- 

cen'taur, 1 sen'ter; 2 cen'tar, n. A fabled 
monster, half man and half horse. 

een'te-na-ry, 1 sen'ti-nS-n; 2 gen'te-na-ry. 
L a. Of or pertaining to a hundred or 
a century. II. n. [-ribs', pi.) 1. A 
hundredth anniversary. 2. A period of 
a hundred years, -cen"te-na'rl-an, n. One 
a hundred years old. 

cen-ten'nl-al, 1 sen-ten'i-el; 2 cen-ten'i-al. 
I. a. Happening once in a century. II* 
n. A hundredth anniversary. 

cen'ter, ) 1 sen'tar; 2 cen'ter. I. vt. & vi. 

cen'tre, / [cen'tered, cen'tred, cen'- 
terd*; cen'ter-ing, cen'tring.] To 
place in or on a center: draw to a center; 
determine the center or ; be or converge in 
the center. II. n. The middle point of 
anything, especially of a circle.— cen'ter* 
lor -tre-lbit", n. A bit with a cutting edge 
that revolves about a central point. 

cen-tes'I-mal, 1 sen-tes'i-mel; 2 cen-tes'i- 
mal, a. One-hundredth. 

een'tl-grade, 1 sen'ti-gr«d; 2 cen'ti-gr&d, a. 
Graduated to a scale of 100°. On the cen- 
tigrade thermometer the freezing-point of 
water is sero and its boiling-point 100°; 
its symbol is C; as, 100° C. Compare 

een'tl-grsm or -gramme, 1 aen'ti-gram; 2 
cen'tl-gram, een'tt-lPter or -U"tre, l sen'- 
ti-lTtar; 2 cen'ti-llter, cen'ti-me^ter or 
-me"tre, 1 sen'ti-mTter; 2 cen'ti-metSr. 


een'tlme ', 1 san'tim' ; 2 can'tlm', n. The 
smallest unit in the French monetary 
system, Vioo of a franc or »/« of a cent. 

een'tl-ped, ) 1 sen'ti-ped, -pld; 2 cen'ti- 

cen'tl-pede, / peel, -pea, n. A many-legged 

een'tral, 1 sen'trel; 2 een'tral, a. Of or 
pertaining to or acting from the center; 
chief, -ly, adv. — cen'traM-ia'tion or 
-sa'tion, n. The concentration of control 
In a central authority.— cen'traMze or -Isc, 

1 sen'trel-aia; 2 ©en'traHS, vt. A H. 1-bed; 

-iz'ing.1 To make central; concentrate. 
-cen'tre, n. Same as center. 
ceil 'trie, 1 sen'tnk; 2 cen'tric, a. Central; 

related to a nerve-center, cen'trl-ca!$. 
een-trif'u-gal, 1 sen-trif'yu-gel; 2 cen- 

trlf'yu-gal, a. Tending away from a 

center. •If, adv. 
cen-trip'e-tal, 1 sen-trip'i-tel; 2 cen-trfp'e- 

tal, a. Tending toward a center, -ly, adv. 
cen'tu-ple, ) 1 sen'tiu-pl; 2 ©Sn'tu-pl, a. 
cen'tu-pl*, J Increased a hundredfold. 
cen-tu'li-on, 1 sen-tiu'n-en; 2 <jSn-tu'ri-on, 

n. A Roman captain, originally of a 

hundred men. 
cen'tu-ry, 1 sen'tfhu-[or -tiu-Jn; 2 cen'chu- 

Sor -tu-]ry, n. [-rieb*, pi.] 
L. A period of 100 years. 
2. A hundred things of the 
same kind.— c e n 't u-ry* 
plant*, n. The American 
aloe, formerly supposed to 
flower once in a century. 

ce-phal'ic, ) 1 si-fal'ik; 2 

ce-ral'lc*, J ce-f al'ic, a. Of, ' 
rjertaining to, on, in, or j 
hear the head. 

ee-ra'eeous, 1 a-rg'sTius; 2 
ce-ra'shus.o. Of or like wax. 

ce-ram'le, 1 si-ram'ik; 2 ce- 
ram'ie, a. Relating to _ . . . 
pottery. Century-plant. 

ce'rate, 1 sl'rSt; 2 cfi'rat, n. An ointment 
of oil or lard, with wax, etc. 

ce'rat-ed, 1 sl'r6t-ed; 2 ce'rat-ecl, o. Cov- 
ered with wax. 

ce're-al, 1 sl'n-el; 2 cC're-al. L a. Per- 
taining* to edible grain. II. n. Any 
edible grain, or a grain-yielding plant. 

cer"e-bellum. 1 serVbel'um; 2 cer'e- 
beTum, n. [-bel'la, pL] The little or 
hinder brain. 

cer'e-brom, 1 sei/i-brum; 2 ceVe-brum, n. 
[-bra, pi.] The front and upper part of 
the brain.— cer'e-bral, a. Of, pertaining to, 
or like the brain; mental.— cer"e-bra'tlon, 
n. Brain-action. 

cere'ment, 1 sfment or -ment; 2 cer'ment, 
n. A garment or wrapping for the dead. 

cer'e-mo-ny, 1 ser'i-mo-m; 2 c^r'e-mo-ny, 
n. [-NIE8", pi.] A formal act, rite, or 
observance; formal civility.— cer"e-mo'nl- 
al. I. a. Of or pertaining to ceremony; ' 
ritual; formal. II. n. A system of rules of 
ceremony; ritual; etiquette, -ly, adv.— 
cer"e-mo'nl-ous, a. Observant of or con- 
ducted with ceremony; formal, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

Ce'res, 1 sr*m; 2 cS'rCa, n. Roman goddess 
of corn and harvests; sister of Jupiter and 
mother of Proserpine. De-meter* [Or J. 


t: art^ape,tat T fare t fast,wha^aU;me,ge^pr5y,fern; b&,lce;Is8; I«=e;g« t n6t.4ir.w6a 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


certain, 1 suVtin; 2 cer'tin, a. 1. 
Sure, as matter of fact, expectation, pur- 
pose, or the like. 2. Having a set- 
tled belief; assured; confident; positive. 
S. Indefinite; one; some.— cer'taln-Iy, 1 
affr'un-u; 2 eef tin-ly, adv.— cer'taln-iy, l 
sOr'tin-tt; 2 cer'tin-ty, n. [<4iEs*, pi.) Con- 
fidence; precision; accuracy; a known truth. 

eer-tif 'i-cate, 1 ser-tif'i-kit; 2 cSr-tlfi-eat, 
n. A written declaration or testimonial. 

— cer"tl-fl-ca'tlon, n. The act of certi- 

cer'tl-fy, 1 sur'ti-fai; 2 ceVti-fl, vL A vi. 

[-fied; -ft "inc.] To give certain knowl- 
edge of; inform or state positively, as in 

writing; attest. 
cer'tt-tude, 1 sur'ti-tiud; 2 c8r'ti-tud, n. 

Perfect confidence; assured fact; sureness. 
ce-rule-an, 1 si-ru'k-en; 2 ce-ru'le-an, a. 

eer'vl-cal, 1 suVvi-kel ; 2 ceVvi-eal, a. Of, 

pertaining to, or near the neck. 
ces-sa'tion, 1 se-s&rfhan; 2 ce-sa'shon, n. 

A stop; pause. 
ces'&lon, 1 acsh'^u; 3 cesh'on. tu Tbc act 

of ceding; surrender, 
res* 'po©l% 1 aea'pQl"; 2 ceVpoo]\ «. A 

pit for d/tlnace. as from sinks, ccsa'pf t"t« 
ce-La'cean, 1 ai-te'dhan; 3 *o-ta J *hau. n. 

An aquatic mammal of ti^h-like form, us a 

t* hale or porpoise. 
chafe, 1 elifif; 2 ehltf, u<* A n", [dunan*; 

CttAF'ncoJ To injure or make aoro by 

rubbing; gall: irritate; aunoy; fret; fume; 

warm by rubbing. 
thaffi, I 1 tfhof; 3 chaf , n„ The iiuaks of 
Chaf\ J grain. 
chaiP, n. Good*natured raillery: banter. 

— chalt, ti.iri. To poke tun {at) ; bants. 
Chaffer, 1 dhftf er; 2 cMPer, I. vi. To 

dispute about price; bargain; haggle; 
chatter. II* n* A disputatious bareain- 
ing. {European song'bird. 

chaf flactt* 1 eTiafWh; 2 chaf Inch, n. A 

chaf 'Ifigfdish", 1 chcf'ig.«di&Vi 2 ch&Ting- 
dish 1 , *i. A vessel for bolt ling live con is, a 
hunp, or hot water, for heating or cocking. 

cha-grln', 1 she-grin' or -gTln'; 3 eha-^rlii' 
or *fcft&\ I. rt. To humiliate ; mortify. 
IX tk Disappointment and wounded 
pride; mortification. 

Cbalm, 1 clien; 2 ch&n. I. ttf. To fasten, 
as with a chain. II. n. A string of 
interlinked rings or links; a series; range, 
as of •mountains; a surveyors' measuring* 
line of 100 links. 

daalr, 1 cliar; 2 char, n. !• A movable 
seat with four legs and a back; a seat of 
office, as of a moderator; a chairman. 2. 


Railroad. An iron block for holding rails 
in place. 3||» A sedan. 

chalr'man, 1 dhar'men; 2 char'man, n. 
[-men, pi.] One who presides over an 

chaise, 1 siies; 2 chag, n. l.^A two* 
wheeled, one- 
horse vehicle for 
two persons. 2. 
A light four* 
wheeled car- 
riage. French Chaise of 1760. 

chal-ced'o-ny, 1 kal-eed'o-ni or kal'ai-do- 
m; 2 e&l-ced'o-ny or eal'ce-do-ny, n. A 
wary, translucent quarts, cal-eea'o-ayt. 

chalet', 1 sTm'le' or rfhal'i; 2 ch&'le/ or 
chaTe, n. A Swiss cottage. 

coal'lce, 1 1 dial'is; 2 chal'ic, n. A cup used 

ctaal'ls", / in the Lord's Supper. 

chalk, 1 dhek; 2 chak. I*. t*. To mark 
with chalk. II* n. A soft, white lime- 
stone, or a piece of it, used for marking. 
— chalk'y,a. Of, containing, or like chalk. 

challenge, 1 dhal'enj; 2 chaTeng. 1. rt. 
Aw. i-lenqeo; -leno-ing.] To dare; 
invite; defy; claim; guest ion; call out 
to a duel; dispute; object to. II. n. 
A call or defiance; summons to a duel; 
objection, as to a voter.— chaMe ng - er , n. 

chal'lls, 1 rfhal'i; 2 ch&l'i, n. A light, 
all«wool fabric 

eha-lyb'e-ate, 1 ke-lib'i-et; 2 ea-lyVe-At, 
a. Impregnated with iron. 

Cham tier, 1 dheWber; 2 cham'ber, n. A 
room, especially a bedroom; any enclosed 
space, as at the breech of a gun.— eham'- 
beMaln, l cTiem'bor-lin; 2 cham'ber-lln, n. 
A palace official; a steward or treasurer.— 
cham'ber-mald'% n. A woman having care 
of bedchambers. 

cha-mele-on, 1 ke-mni-en: 2 ea-mS'Ie-on, 
a. A lisard that has the power of chang- 
ing color. 

cham'fer, 1 dham'fer; 2 cham'fCr. I. vL 
To bevel. II. n. A bevel. 

cham'ols, 1 sliam'i or sham'ei; 2 ch&ml 
or (ham'di, n. 1. A mountain antelope. 
2. A soft leather. 

chara'o-mfle, n. Same as camomile. 

champS 1 dhamp; 2 ch&mp, vt. A w. To 
bite impatiently, as a horse the bit. 

cham-pagne', 1 sTiam-pfin'; 2 cham-pan', 
n. An effervescent wine, typically amber* 
colored; originally, any wine produced 
in the former province of Champagne, 

cham-palgn', 1 sham-pSn'; 2 cham-p&n', 
n. Flat and open ground. 

cham'pt-on, 1 cnanvpi-an; 2 ch&m'pi-on. 

1: a x= final; I = habit; cdsle; ou = <mt; ell; HI = feud; 4hin; go; t) = sing; Chin, this. 
S: wfU,ds;hfJbk% bttt; foil, r,Je> cOro, but,bftrn; All, boy; fo t t*m; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOQQ LC 


I. «f. To contend for; advocate. II. n. 
1. One who defends a person, principle, 
etc. 2. The victor in an open contest. 

— cham'pt-on-shlp, n. 

Chance, Idhcms; 2 chanc. I. vi. [chanced*; 
chanc'ing.1 1. To happen. 2. To come 
unexpectedly (on or upon). II. a. Oc- 
curring by chance; casual. III. n. For- 
tune; luck; accident; opportunity; con- 
tingency; possibility; probability. 

Chan 'eel, 1 dhan'sel; 2 chan'cSl, n. The 
space about the altar in a church, for the 

chan'cel-lor, ) 1 dian'se-lar or lor; 2 chan'- 

chan'cel-or, J ce-lor, n. A high officer of 
state or of a university.— chan'cel-lor-shlp, 
chan'cel-or-ship, n. 

chan'cer-y, 1 dhan'sar-i; 2 chan'ger-y, n. 
A court of equity. 

Chan"de-ller', 1 slianMa-llr'; 2 chan'de- 
ler', n. A branched sup- 
port for lights suspended 
from a ceiling. 

chan'dler, 1 clian'dler; 2 
chan'dler.-n. A trader; 
dealer, especially in candles. 

— chan'dler-y,n. [-ibs*. pf.] 
A chandler's shop or goods; _,, 

- place for keeping candles. Chandelier. 

change, 1 clienj; 2 chang. I. vt. & vi. 
[changed; chang'inq.] 1. To make or 
become different; convert; alter; vary. 
2. To exchange; interchange. II. n. 1. 
The act or fact of changing; alteration; 
substitution; a substitute. 2. Small 
money. 8. An exchange.— change"a-bll'- 
My,n. change'a-bl(e-nes8 p :.— change'a- 
bl(e*, 1 cTienJ'e-bl; 2 chang'a-bl, a. Capable 
of change; likely to change; inconstant.— 
change'a-bly, adv.— change'ful, l clienj'- 
ful; 2 changTul, a. FuU of or given to 
change.— changeless, a. Free from change; 

Changeling, 1 clienj'lin; 2 chftng'lmg, n. 
1. An ill-favored child supposed to have 
been substituted by fairies for a beautiful 
one stolen away. 2. A fickle person. 

Chan'nel, 1 dhan'el; 2 ch&n'el. I. vt. 
[chan'neled or chan'nelled, chan'- 
neld 8 ; chan'nel-inq or chan'nel-uno.] 
To cut or wear channels in. II. n. The 
bed of a stream; deep part of a river; a 
wide strait; any groove or passage. 

Chant, 1 diant; 2 chant. I. vt. & vi. To 
recite musically; sing. IL n. A musical 
recitation, as of Scripture; a song; melody. 

— chant'er, n. chantfor*.- chantfress, n. 

chan'tl-cleer, 1 dian'ti-kllr; 2 chan'ti-eler, 
n. A cock. 


cha'os, 1 kS'os; 2 e&'os, n. A condition of 
utter disorder, as the unformed primal 
state of the universe.— cha-otlc, l ke-et'ik; 
2 ea-dt'ie, a. Of or like chaos; unformed: 

chap, 1 cliap; 2 chap, vt. & vi. [chapped* 
or chapt; chap'pino.] To crack and 
roughen, as the skin. 

chap 1 , n. A crack, as in the skin. 

chap*, n . [Colloq.l A fellow; lad. 

chap*, 1 eliep; 2 chap, n. A jaw; in the 
plural, the mouth and cheeks. 

chap"ar-ral', 1 diapVral'; 2 ch&pVral', 
n. A tangle of dwarf oak, low thorny 
shrubs, etc. 

chap'el, 1 diap'el; 2 chap'el, n. 1. A 
place of worship. 2. A chapel service. 

chap'er-on, 1 snap'er-on; 2 chap'er-6n. 
I. vt. To attend as chaperon. II. n. 
A woman who acts as attendant or pro- 
tector of a young unmarried woman in 

chap 'fall" en, } 1 diep'fel'n; 2 chap'fal'n, 

chop'felPen, / a. Dejected ; crestfallen. 

chaplain, 1 dhap'hn; 2 chap'lin, n. A 
minister or clergyman assigned to special 
duties, as holding the religious services of 
a legislature, a regiment, or on board ship. 
— chaptaln-cy, n. r-ciEs*. pi.] The office 

' of a chaplain, chap'laln-shfpt. 

chap 'let, 1 cliap'let; 2 chap'lSt, n. A 
wreath or garland; necklace; rosary. 

chap 'man, 1 dhap'men; 2 chap'man, n. 
[chap'men, pi] A pedler. 

chap'ter, 1 dhap'ter; 2 ch&p'ter, n. 1. A 
division of a book. 2. The clergy of a 
cathedral. 3. A branch of a society. 

char, 1 6har: 2 ohar, vt. & vi. [charred; 
char'rinq.J Toscorch; burn to charcoal. 

char'ac-ter, 1 kar'ek-ter ; 2 caVac-ter. I. vt. 
To impress, engrave, or depict; character- 
ise. H. n. 1. Mental or moral quality, 
or qualities, good or bad; also, moral ex- 
cellence. 2. Reputation. S. An assumed 
part; also, the person holding it. 4. A 
figure: mark; sign; letter.— char"ac-ter-ls'- 
tlc. I. a. That characterizes; distinguishing; 
specific. II. n. A distinctive feature; pecu- 
liarity.— char"ac-ter-l8'tl-cal-iy, adv. 

char'ac-ter-lze or -lse, 1 kar'ek-ter-oiz; 2 
car'ac-te'r-Iz.ttf. [-ized; -iz'ing.] To de- 
scribe; designate; distinguish.— chair"ac-ter- 
1-xa'tton or-sa'tion, n. 

cha-rade', 1 sTie-recl' or -rad'; 2 cha-r&d' or 
-rad', n. An acted riddle. 

char 'coal", 1 cTiaykSl"; 2 cha^eo!', n. A 
black, porous substance, made by char- 
ring wood; nearly pure carbon. 

charge, 1 eliarj; 2 charg. I. vt. k, vi. 

1 : artistic, art; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police; obey, go ; not,or ; fall, rale; but, born. 
9: Krt,ape,fat,fare,fa8t t what,i|ll; m€,g«t,prej,fern; hltJcejIsS; i=e;go,ndt,6r, won. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 

[charged; charg'ing.] 1. To lay or im- 
pose something upon; instruct; enjoin. 
2. To set as a price; demand; set down 
something against; debit; accuse. S. To 
make an onset upon; attack. II. n. 1. 
A load, as for a firearm. 2. Care and 
custody, or the object cared for. 3. A 
price; entry oi indebtedness; tax; expense; 
cost. 4. An admonitory address; in- 
struction; command. 6. An accusation. 
6. An impetuous onset; also, the signal 
for it. — chargc'a-bl (e p , a. Capable of being 
charged.— charg'er, n. 1. A war-horse. 3|1. 
A large dish. 

char'i-ly, 1 cliarVli; 2 char'i-ly, adv. In 
a chary manner.— char't-ness, n. The qual- 
ity of being chary. 

char'1-ot, 1 diar'i-et; 2 cbar'i-ot, n. 
Anciently, a two-wheeled vehicle, as for 
war; now, an ornate four-wheeled car- 
riage.— char"i-ot-eer', 1 <fliar"i-8t-lr'; 2 
char 'i-ot-er', n. The driver of a chariot. 

char'1-ty, 1 tfhar'i-ti; 2 cb&r'i-ty, n. [-ties 1 , 
pi.) 1. Liberality; almsgiving; alms. 2. 
Benevolence; Christian love; leniency; 
readiness to forgive.— chart- ta-bl(e I> , a. 
Generous; considerate; lenient; indulgent. 
-ness, n. -ta-bly, adv. 

char la-tan, 1 sTmr'ls-ten; 2 char'la-tan.n. 
A pretender; quack; impostor; swindler. 

— eharla-tan-ry, n. char!*- tan-tern*, 
charm, 1 rfharm; 2 charm. I. vt. & vi. 

To captivate: fascinate; delight; be fas- 
cinating. II. n. 1. The power of allur- 
ing or delighting; winsomeness: fascina- 
tion; beauty. 2. A magical spell; amulet. 

— charm'er, n.— charming, pa. Having 
power to charm, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ehar'nel, 1 diar'nel; 2 ehar'nel. I. a. 

Sepulchral. II. n. Asepulcher. char'nel- 

Cha'ron, 1 kCran; 2 cft'ron, n. Myth. Son 

of Erebus and Nox who ferried spirits across 

the river Styx. 
chart, 1 cliart ; 2 chart. Id. vt. To lay out 

on a chart. II. n. A map, as of the sea 

with its coast, etc. 
char'ter, 1 dhar'ter; 2 chapter. I. vt. To 

hire by charter; establish by charter. II. 

n. An act of incorporation; document 

granting special rights or privileges; lease 

of a vessel, a railroad-train, etc. 
Char'y, 1 <fhaVi or tfhe'ri; 2 char'y or cha'ry, 

a. Cautious; wary. 
Cha-ryb'dls, 1 ke-ribMis; 2 ea-ryb'dis, ». 

Myth. A ravenous woman, whom Jupiter 

transformed into a treacherous whirlpool on 

the Sicilian coast. See Sctlla. 
cbase T 


», 1 digs; 2 chas, vt. & vi. [chased*; 
s'ing.J 1. To follow with intent to 


catch; pursue; hunt. 2. To drive away. 

chase 2 *, vi. To ornament by embossing. 

chase 1 , n. 1. Earnest pursuit. 2. That 
which is pursued. 3. Hunting; hunters 
collectively; the hunt. 4. [Eng.J A pri- 
vate game-preserve. 

chase 1 , n. A frame into which type is fast- 
ened, as for printing, [hollow; deep gorge. 

chasm, 1 kasm; 2 eagm, n. A yawniug 

chas'se', 1 sWs6';2chaVe, I. tt. Toper- 
form a chasse. II. n. In dancing, a 
movement across, or to right and to left. 

chas-seur', 1 sha-sfh*'; 2 cha-sur\ n. IF.) 
A light-armed horse- or foot-soldier. 

chas 'sis, l dias / is or (F.) Sha'sT; 2 chas'ls or 
(F.) ch&'si', n. The frame of a motor-car. 

chaste, 1 dhest; 2 chast, a. 1. Sexually 
pure; modest; virtuous. 2. Pure in 
style, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

chast 'en, 1 eTies'n; 2 chfis'n, vt. 1. To 
discipline by pain or trial; moderate; 
soften; purify. 2||. To chastise. 

chas-tlse', 1 dias-taiz'; 2 chas-tls', vt. 
[chas-tised'; chas-tis'ing.J 1. To cor- 
rect with the rod. 2. To punish, as an 

• enemy, chas-tlxe^t.— ehas'tlse-ment, 1 
Chas'tiz-ment or -msnt; 2 chas'tig-ment, n. 
Punishment; correction. 

chas 'tl-ty, 1 clias'ti-ti ; 2 chaVti-ty , n. The 

state or quality of being chaste; purity. 
lat, 1 dhat; 2 chat. I. vi. [chat'ted*: 
chat'tinq.] To converse in t 


ner. II. n. Easv ami fo,m\U 
cha"teau', 1 sha'ia'; 2 vb&'lo' 

TEAUX', 1 

-t6z'; 2-t6s\ 
pi.] A castle; 
country man- 

1 sTiat'i-len; 

2 ch&t'e-lan, 
n. 1. A chain 
or chains 

i'SSSf f ^ French Chateau, 

a woman s 

belt for holding small articles. 2. 

mistress of a chateau. 
chat 'tel, 1 cliat'el ; 2 ch&t'el , n. Law. 

article of personal property; a movable. 
chat'ter, 1 cTiat'er; 2 chat'Sr. I. vt. & vi. 

1. To click (the teeth) rapidly together. 

2. To talk fast and trivially; jabber, as 
a monkey. II. n. Idle prattle; jabber* 
ing; rattling of the teeth.— chaffer-box"* 
n. A voluble talker.— chat 'ty, l Chat'i; 2 
chat'y, a. Given to chat; loquacious. 

chauffeur, 1 sTi6'fer; 2 cho'fer, n. A 
driver of an automobile. 


1: » = final; i = habit; aisle; an = out; oil; la = feud; cTiin; go; n = sin^; Chin, this. 
2: wolf, da; Wok, btfot; full, rate, care, but, bOrn; 611, bdy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


Cheap, 1 eliTp; 2 chep, a. Low in price; 
poor; mean. — eheap'en, 1 dhlp'n; 2 chSp'n, 
vt. & vi. 1. To make or beoome cheap. 
311 . To beat down the price of; bargain.— 
cheaply, adv.— eheap'ness, n. 

Cheat, 1 dhlt; 2 chet. I<*. vt. 6 vi. To 
deceive; defraud; delude; beguile. 1L 
n. 1. A fraud; imposture. 2* A swindler. 
3. A weed; chess.— cheat'er, a. 

check, 1 dhek; 2 ch8k. 1*. vt. & vi. 1. To 
restrain sharply; stop; curb. 2. To mark 
or provide with a check. 3* To put in 
check, as in chess. II. n. 1. A checking, 
or something that checks. 2. A written 
order for money: a tag; a mark for veri- 
fication. 3. A checkered pattern. 4. In 
chess, a menace to the king. 

Check'er, 1 <<hek'er; 2 cheVer. I. vt. To 
mark with squares; diversify. H. n. 
1. A piece in the game of checkers. 2. 
A square in a checkered surface. 3. pi. 
A game played on a checker-board; 
draughts.— check'er 'board", n. A board 
divided into 64 squares. 

check'mate", 1 dhek'meV; 2 cheVmat". 
Id. vt. Chess. To put (a king) in a 
check from which no escape is possible; 
defeat by a skilful maneuver. II. n. 
The act or position of checkmating. 

cheek, 1 dilk; 2 ch6k, n. Either side of 
the face below the eye; an analogous part 
of any object. [peep, as a young bird. 

cheep, 1 cnlp; 2 chep, v. & n. Chirp or 

cheer, 1 ditr; 2 cher. I. vt.&vi. To make 
or become cheerful; applaud with cheers; 
utter cheers. II. n. 1. A shout of ap- 
plause. 2. Cheerfulness. 3. Provisions 
for a feast.— cheerTal, a. In good spirits; 
joyous; lively; willing. — cheerTul-ly, adv. 
— cheerTul-ness, n.— cheer'leas, o. Des- 
titute of cheer; gloomy, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

cheer 'y, 1 dhlr'i; 2 cher'y. a. Cheerful; 
cheering.— cheerf-ly, adv.— cheert-ness, n. 

Cheese, 1 <<hli; 2 cheg, n. The pressed curd 
of milk.— chees'y , a. (chee'ta*. 

chee'tab, diTte; 2 che'ta, n. See chetah. 

chef, 1 slief ; 2 chfif, n. A male head cook. 

cheml-cal, 1 kemVkel ; 2 eem'i-cal. I. a. 
Of or pertaining to chemistry, chemlct. 
[Poet.l. II. n. A chemical substance.— 
eheml-eaMy, adv. 

che-mlse', 1 sTn-mlz'; 2 che-mls/, n. A 
woman's undergarment. 

Chem'lst, 1 kem'ist; 2 eem'ist, n. One 
versed in chemistry ; a dealer in chemicals ; 
an apothecary. 

chem'is-try, 1 kem'is-tn; 2 eem'is-try, n. 
That science which treats of matter 
considered as composed of atoms and of 
their relations and affinities. 

cbe-nllte', 1 shi-nfl": 2 che-nll', n. A soft 
tufted or fluffy cord of cotton, wool, silk, 
or worsted. 

cheque, 1 enek; 2 obex, n. . Same as check. 2. 

eheq'uer, etc. Same as checker, etc. 

cherish*, 1 dier'isTi; 2 cher'ish, vt. To care 
for kindly; entertain fondly; foster. 

che-root % 1 shi-rut': 2 che-rdot\ n. A 
tapering cigar cut off at both ends. 

eher'ry, 1 dher'i; 2 cheVy. I. a. 1. Like 
a cherry; red. 2. Made of cherry-wood. 
II. n. [cher'ries 1 , pi.] A small red 
or reddish stone-fruit; also, the tree that 
bears it, or its wood. 

cher'ub, 1 dher'ub; 2 cheViib, n. V 
[cher'ubs, pi.] A 
beautiful winged 
child, as in paint- 
ing or sculpture. 2. 

[CHER'U-BIM, pi.] 

An angelic beHg. 

— che-ru'bie, che- 

cher 'up, 1 clier'up; 

2 cherfip, v. A n. 

Chirrup; chirp. ^ 

chess, 1 dies; 2 ches. Chess-board. 

n. A game played **•©•■ as tmoced at 

a checkered board, queen;*, kins;/, bishop; 

with 16 pieces on a, kni*ht; h, rook; *, »",— 

each side. ». ». p»wm. 

chest, 1 dhest; 2 chest, n. 1. A large box, 

as for packing. 2. The part of the body 

enclosed by the ribs; 

the thorax. — chest 

of drawers, a box* 

like frame containing 

drawers, bu'reauj [U. 

S.].— ctone, n. A 

tone of the voice pro- 
duced in the chest. 
chest 'nut, 1 dies'nut; 

2 ches'nut. L a. 

Made of or colored 

like chestnut. II. n. 

An edible nut; also, 

the tree that bears 

it, or its wood; a 

reddish-brown color. 

che'tah, 1 dil'te; 2 rhefltnn t 

ch€'ta, n. The hunt- . , a f 8 ^ L A 

ing-leopard of south- Ji^&SS^t 

western Asia and Leaves of European 

northern Africa. chestnut; a, a bur; 6. 

chev"a-ller', 1 snev'e-anut. 

In- 7 ; 2 chev'a-leV, n. A knight; cavalier. 
cher'ron, 1 shev'ren; 2 chev'ron, n. MiL 

1: artistic, art; fat, fare; fast ; get, prey; hit, police; obey, gO; net,6r: full, rule; but, born, 
t: Krt,ai>e,fattfare,fast,what,§U;m«,ge^ blt,Ice;I=6;i=e;g0,n&t,6r,w0u, 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 

A V-shaped bar or bars on the sleeve of 
a non-commissioned officer's coat. 

chew, 1 dhu: 2 chu. I. vt. & vi. To cut 
or grind with the teeth: work the jaws 
and teeth; ruminate. It. n. The act of 
chewing, or something chewed. 

chit-cane', 1 sin-ken'; 2 chi-can', n. Mean, 
petty trickery, with fair pretense, chl-can'- 

chick, 1 dhik; 2 chlk, n. A young chicken. 

chick 'en, 1 <<hik'en; 2 chlk'en, n. The 
young of the common fowl; a fowl, or 
Its flesh — chlck'en »heart "ed, a. Faint- 
hearted; cowardly. 

ehic'o-ry, 1 dhik'o-n; 2 chlc'o-ry, n. A 
perennial herb used in adulterating coffee. 

chide, 1 cliaid; 2 chid, vt. & vi. [chid, 1 
cliid, 2 chid (chode, 16th cent.) ; chid'den, 
1 cliid'n, 2 chld'n, or chid, chid'n p ; 
chjd'inq.] 1. To rebuke; scold. 2. To 
beat with murmuring sound, as waves; 
bay, as hounds. 

Chief, ldhlf; 2 chef. I. a. Highest; greatest; 
of great importance. II. n. A ruler, leader, 
or head; principal part.— chiefly, adv. 

chieftain, 1 dhlf'tin; 2 chei'tin, n. The 
head of a Highland clan; chief; leader. 

— chleFtaln-ey, n. The rank or territory 
of a chieftain, chleftaln-shlp*. 

chlffo-nler', 1 shifo-nlr'; 2 cnlfo-neV, n. 
1. An ornamental cabinet or a high, nar- 
row bureau. 3. A ragpicker. 

Chll'blain, 1 dhiKblen: 2 chfl'blan, n. In- 
flammation of hands or feet from ex- 
posure to cold. 

child, 1 dhoild; 2 child, n. [chil'drex, 1 
dhirdren; 2 chll'dren, pi.] A human 
being in early youth; a son or daughter. 

— ehUdliood, n. The state or time or be- 
ing a child.— childish, a. Like a child; 
puerile: petty, -ly, adv. -ness, n — 
childless, a. Having no children, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n.— childlike*, a. Like a 
child; artless; confiding; docile, -ness, n. 

eh Ill-ad, 1 kil'i-ad; 2 cll'i-ad, n. A thou- 
sand; specifically, a thousand years; the 

Chill, 1 diil ; 2 chfl. I. vt. & vi. To reduce 
or come to a low temperature: make or be- 
come chilly; discourage. II. a. Some- 
what cold; chilly. III. n.' Coldness; a 
sensation of cold; a check to ardor, joy, 
etc.— chilll-ness, n.— chlll'y, a. Produc- 
ing or feeling a chill. 

ehl-mseYa, n. Same as chimera. 

chimb, n. See chime*. 

Chime 1 , 1 tfhaim; 2 chlm. I. vt. & vi. 
[chimed; chim'ino.J To ring musi- 
cally; harmonise; agree. II. n. A set of 


bells tuned to a scale; harmony; agree- 

chime*, n. The rim formed by the pro- 
jecting staves around the edge of a barrel, 
cask, or tub, or one of the stave-ends so 

chi-me'ra, 1 ki-[or kai-]ml're; 2 ci-[or 
cl-]me'ra, n. A mythical fire-breathing 
monster; a groundless fancy. — chl-merl- 
cal, 1 ki-[or kol-lmer'i-kel; 2 tHor ei-1- 
mer'l-cal, a. Like a chimera; Impracticable; 
visionary.— chi-merl-cal-ly, adv. 

chlm 'ney, 1 diim'ni ; 2 chlm'ny, n. A flue 
for the smoke or gases from a fire. 

chim-pan'*ee,lcTiim-pan'zI;2 chlm-pan'- 
z§, n. A West" African ape, about 5 feet 
in height. 

chin, 1 rfhin; 2 chin, n. The central and 
front part of the lower jaw. 

chi'na, 1 diai'ne; 2 chl'na, v. 1. [C-] A 
country of Asia. 2. Porcelain, chl'na- 
ware"*.— Chl'na-man, n. One of the 

chinch, 1 dhincli; 2 chinch, n. 1. A bug 
destructive to grain. % The bedbug. 

chin-chllla, 1 cliin-cliil'e; 2 chln-chira, n. 
A squirrel-like rodent of the Andes, its 
soft. pearly-gray fur, or a woolen imita- 
tion of it. [or back. 

chine, 1 chain; 2 chin, n. The back- bone 

Chl-nese', 1 dhai-nls' or -nlz'; 2 chl-neV or 
-nfg'. I. a. Of or pertaining to China. 
II. n. ring, or pi. A native of China; 
the race or the language of China. 

chink, 1 diiak; 2 chink. It. vt. & vi. To 
open in chinks; make a chink; crack; ring. 
It. n. A narrow crack; crevice; metallio 
sound, as of money. 

chlnts, 1 cliints; 2 chlnts, n. A cotton 
fabric printed In colors, chintz*. 

chip, 1 tfhip; 2 chip. I. vt. & vi. [chipped*, 
chipt 8 : chip'pino.J To break off a chip 
from; break open; 
scale off. II. n. 

1. A small piece 
cut or broken off. 

2. A small disk or 
counter used in 

chlp'munk, 1 tfhip'- 
munk ; 2 chlp'- 
munk, n. A North- 
American squirrel- 
like rodent. 


chl-rog'ra- pby, ) 1 kai-reg'rs-fi; 2 cl-r8g'- 
chl - rog'ra - fy p , j ra-fy, n. St vie or char- 
acter of handwriting. — chl-rog'ra-pher, n. 
— chl"ro-graphl-cal. a. 
chi-rop'o-dist, 1 koi-rep'o-dist; 2 cI-r5p'o- 

1: a s final; 1 = habit: aisle; an = out; eH; in = fetid; cliin; go; nsginj?; €hin, this, 
t: wolf, do,; bdbk, bdot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, boy; go, gem; Ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


dfat, n. One who treats ailments of the 

hands and feet. 
chirp, 1 cTiurp; 2 chirp. I*, vt. & vi. To 

utter with a chirp; give a chirp. IL n. 

A short, shrill sound, as of a cricket. 
chlr'run, 1 cWup; 2 cmVup. I*, vt. & vi. 

To chirp. II. n. A chirp ; a cheery sound. 
chls'el, I dhiz'el; 2 chls/el. I. vi. [cms'- 


chis'eld*; chis'- 

EL-INQ or CHIS'EL- „ . , 

ling.] To cut; Chisel, 

carve. II. n. A cutting-tool with a 

bfiVfilfid 6Q.CG 

Chit, 1 diit; 2 *ch!t, n. A girl regarded as 
little more than a child; a child. 

chit' •chat", n. Careless, familiar talk. 

chlv'al-ry, 1 sluVsl-ri; 2 chlv'al-ry, n. 1. 
The knightly system of feudal times; 
lofty courtesy; bravery; magnanimity. 
*: A body of knights.— chlv'al-rfc, a. 
Pertaining to chivalry.— chlv'al-rous, a. 
Knightly; gallant; courteous; brave; chlval- 
rlc. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

chlo'ral, 1 kiS'rel; 2 cfo'ral, n. A seda- 
tive prepared from chlorin and alcohol. 
chloral hy'drate*. 

chlo'rin, 11 kld'nn, -nn or -rtn; 2 clS'rin, 

Chlo'rine, j-rin or -rln.n. Chem. A green- 
ish-yellow, poisonous gas, useful for 
bleaching and disinfecting. 

ehlo'ro-form, 1 kld'ro-ferm; 2 cla'ro- 
fdrm. ImvL To administer chloroform 
to. II. n. A colorless liquid compound, 
used to produce insensibility to pain. 

chlo'ro-phyl, \ 1 klo'ro-fil; 2 cl6'ro-fjN, n. 

chlo'ro-phyll, j The green coloring-matter 
of plants. 

Chock, 1 dhok; 2 cholc. I*, vt.&vi. To fit 
in tightly. II. n. A block or wedge. 

chock 7 .fuir, 1 dhek'-fuT; 2 ch6k'-f V r, a. 
Completely full ; full to crowding. 

choc'o-rate, 1 dhek'o-ht; 2 chfik'o-lat, n. 
A preparation of cacao-nuts, or a beverage 
made from it. 

chode, imp. of chide, v. 

choice, 1 dheis: 2 chfiic. I. a. [choic'er; 
choicest.] 1. Select; excellent. 2. Fas- 
tidious; dainty. II. n. 1. The act or 
privilege of choosing; preference; variety 
to choose from. 2. One who or that which 
Is chosen.— choicely, adv.— cholce'ness, n. 

choir, 1 kwair; 2 kwlr, n. A body of 
trained singers, or that part of a church 
occupied by them; chancel. 

choke, 1 dhdk; 2 ch6k. I. vt. & vi. 
(choked 4 ; chok'inq.1 To arrest the 
breathing of; suffocate; clog; stop; ob- 
struct. IL n. The act of choking. 

— choke' -damp", n. A poisonous gas In 
mines.— cholt'y, a. 
choke* 'full*, a. Same as chock-full. 
chol 'er, ) 1 kel'sr; 2 cfil'er, n. Hastiness of 
col'er*, J temper.— chol 'er-lc, 1 kel'er-ik; 

2 cfil'er-ie, a. Irascible. 
chol'er-a, Vl kel'er-e; 2 efil'Sr-a, n. An 
col'er-a p , /acute, infectious disease caused 
by bacilli. A"sl-at'le chol'er-at.— cholera 
Infantum, an acute summer disease of In- 
fants— c. morbus, an acute and prostrat- 
ing disease, not epidemic. 
choose, 1 cliuz; 2 choog, vt. & vi. [chose, 

1 di6z, 2 ch5s, choze*; cho'sen, 1 cliS'zn, 

2 chS'sn, cho'zen*; choos'ino.J To take 
by preference; select.— choos'er. n. 

chop, 1 cliep; 2 chfip. I. vt. A vi. 
[chopped*; chop'ping.j 1. To cut by 
strokes; make cutting strokes; hew; 
mince. 2. To chap. 3. To veer, as 
wind. IL n. 1. A cut of meat containing 
a rib. 2. A cleft or fissure. 3. An act of 
chopping, or a tool for chopping. 4. A jaw. 

chop'raFlen, a. Same as chaff allen. 

chop'per, n. One who or 
that which chops. 

chop '•sticks", 1 cliep'- 
stlks"; 2 chdp'-stlks*, n. 
pi. Slender rods, used 
In China, to convey food 
to the mouth. 

chop"«sa'ey, lcliep'-su'i; 
2 chdp'-su'y. n. A dish 
of chicken or pork and Chop-sticks, 

cho'ral, 1 kS'rel; 2 c5'ral, a. Pertaining 
to a chorus or a choir.— cho'ral-ly, adv. 

chord, 1 kerd; 2 cdrd. I d . vt. &vi. To fur- 
nish with chords: bring into or be in har- 
mony; accord. II. n. 1. A harmonious 
combination of tones. 2. A string of a 
musical instrument; hence, sensibility or 
emotion. 3. A straight line connecting 
the extremities of an arc. 4. A truss; 
cord; tendon. 

chore, 1 cliOr; 2 chOr, n. [U. S. & Prov. 
Eng.l A small job: commonly In the plural. 

chor'ls-ter, 1 ker/is-ter; 2 cSr'is-tier, n. 
1. A member of a choir. 2. [U. S.] A 
musical director. 

cho'rus, 1 ko'rus; 2 
cO'rus, n. A song or 
refrain for several 
voices; a body of^ 

chose, 1 <*hoi: 2 choa v 
imp. of choose, p. Chough. >/» 

cHo'senP,} 1 &&**'• 2 chO'gn, pp.of choose, v. 
chough, \1 dhuf; 2 chiif, n. A crow-like 
chufp, /bird. 

1: artistic, art; fat, fire ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, gfl ; nefc,6r ;t all, rale ; bat, born. 
S: Srt,ape,fat.fare,fast,what l ^ll; uae,get,prgy, fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; i=S; gO,n6t,dr, won. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


chow'^chow", 1 6ha\i'*6hmi'; 2 chow 7 - 
chow', n. A mixture, as of pickles; medley. 

chow'der, 1 cTiau'der; 2 cnow'der, n. A 
stew of clams or fish. 

Chrism, 1 krism; 2 crtsm,n. A consecrated 
ointment; an anointing.— chrls'mal, a. 

Christ, 1 kraist; 2 erlst, n. The Anointed; 
the Messiah. 

thrls'ten, 1 kris'n; 2 erts'n, vt. To name 
In or as In baptism; baptise.— Chrls'ten- 
dora, 1 krls'n-dem; 2 erts'n-dom, n. Chris- 
tian lands, or Christians collectively; the 
Christian world. 

Chris 'tian, 1 kris'clien; 2 eris'chan. I. a. 
Relating to Christ or bis doctrine or his 
followers. II. n. A disciple of Christ, or 
one of a Christian nation. [See Christ.! — 
Chrls"tl-an'l-ty, l kris'tfhi-an'i-ti; 2 erls'- 
chl-an'i-ty, n. The Christian religion.— 
Christian Science, a system of moral and 
religious instruction, founded by Mary 
Baker G.Eddy (1866), and combined with 
a method of treating diseases mentally. 

Christ 'mas, 1 kris'mes; 2 crls'mas, n. 
The 25th of December, celebrated as the 
anniversary of the birth of Christ. 

Chro-mat'lc, 1 kro-mat'ik; 2 ero-mat'ic, a. 

1. Pertaining to color. 2- Mu8. Pro- 
ceeding by semitones. ' chro-inatl-cali.— 
chro-matlcs, n. 1. The science of colors. 

2. pi. Chromatic tones or intervals. 
ehro'mo, 1 kro'mo; 2 cro'mo, n. A print 

In colors, chro^mo-ttth'o-grapht. 

Chronic, )1 kren'ik; 2 eron'ie, a. Con- 

cronlc*, J tinuing for a long period; in- 
veterate, as disease. 

Chron 1-cle, ) 1 kren'i-kl ; 2 er6n'i-el. I. vt. 

Chron'I-cl p , J [-cl(e)d*; -cling.] To re- 
cord. II. n. A register of events in the 
order of time.— chron'l-cler, n. 

Chro-nol'o-gy, 1 kro-nel'o-ji; 2 ero-nSl'o- 
gy, n. [-cues", pi.] The science that 
treats of time, or the order of events.— 
ehro-nol'o-ger, n. One who studies or Is 
versed In chronology, chro-nol'o-glsti.— 
ehron'o-log'l-cal, a. chron^o-loglcj.— 
chron^o-lori-cal-ly, adv. 

ehro-nom'e-ter, 1 kro-nem'i-ter; 2 ero- 
nom'e-tSr, n. A 'portable timekeeper of 
high precision. 

chryg'a-lJs, 1 kris'e-lis; 2 eryVa-lfs, n. 
f-MS-Ks, 1 -lis-ez. 2 -Us-es, or -al'i-des, 
1 -al'i-dlz, 2 -al'i-deg, pi.] The pupa of an 
insect, enclosed in a shell from which the 
perfect insect emerges.— chrys'a-Ud, a. & n. 

ehrys-an'the-mum, 1 kris-an'thi-mum; 2 
eiys-an'the-mum, n. A plant of the aster 
family, with large heads of showy flowers. 

ehrys'o-Ute, 1 kris'o-loit; 2 cryVo-Ut, n. 
An olive-green mineral: used as a gem. 


chub'by, 1 chub'i; 2 chub'y. a. Plump; 
rounded. [as under the chin. 

chuck 1 *, 1 cliuk ; 2 chiik, vt. To pat or tap, 

chuck 14 , vi. To cluck, like a fowl. 

chuck*, n , a playful pat or toss. 

chuck V^. A clamp; chock. 

chuck*, n. A cluck. [Chock-full. 

chuck'.fulT, 1 cTiuk'-fuT; 2 chuk'-fuT, a. 

chuckle, 11 cliuk'l; 2 chuk'l. I. vi. 

chuck 1 P , J [chuck'l(e)d»; chuck'linq.] 
To laugh to oneself. II. n. A low, sup- 
pressed, or broken laugh. 

chum, 1 dhum; 2 chum, n. A roommate; 
intimate companion. 

chunk, 1 dhunk; 2 chunk, n. A short, 
stout thing, person, or animal.— chunk'y, a. 
[U. S.l Short and thick-set. 

church, 1 cliurcTi; 2 church, n. 1. A 
building for Christian worship. 2. A dis- 
tinct body of Christians; also, all Chris- 
tian believers collectively. 3. The clergy. 
— churchly, a.— chureh'man, n. [-men, 
pi.] 1. An adherent or member of a church. 
2. A clergyman; ecclesiastic. — church'* 
war"den, n. An officer of an Anglican church 
having the care of church property and of 
the poor. — churchward", n. A yard or 
graveyard adjoining a church; a cemetery. 

Churl, 1 dhurl; 2 churl, n. 1. A low-bred, 
surly fellow; a sordid person. 2. A peas- 
ant.— churlish, a. Of or like a ohurl: rude; 
sordid. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

churn, 1 cliura; 2 churn. I. vt. & vi. To 
agitate, as cream in a churn. II. n. A ves- 
sel in which milk or cream is agitated to 
separate the butter.— churning, n. 

chute, 1 sliut; 2 chut, n. An inclined 
trough or channel; a rapid, shutet* 

Chyle, 1 kail; 2 ell, n. A nutritive fluid 
formed during digestion. 

chyme, 1 kaim; 2 elm, n. Food reduced 
to liquid form in the process of digestion. 

clc'a-trlce, \ 1 sik's-tris; 2 gle'a-trlc, n. A 

IS / 

or -trlse, 1 stk'a-tralz; 2 cle'a-trls, vt. 
[-trized ; -TRiz Inq.J To form a scar.— ctc"- 
a-trl-ca'tion or -sa'tlon, n. 

ci"ce-ro'nc. 1 dhfdhe-rO'ne" or sis'i-ro'm; 2 
chTchfi-ro'ne. or clc'e-rS'ne, n. [-hi, -hes, 
1 -nl, -nes; 2 -nl, -nes, pi.] A local guide. 

cl'der, 1 sai'dsr; 2 cld8r, n. The ex- 
pressed juice of apples. [Former. 

cl"<de-vant', 1 sf-de-vfih'; 2 cP-de-v&n', a. 

cl-gar% 1 81-gaV; 2 ci-gar', n. A small roll 
of tobacco-leaves for smoking.— dfa-ret', 1 
slg'e-ret' ; 2 clg"a-ret', n. A small roll of fine- 
ly cut tobacco In thin paper. clg"a-rette'$* 

clm'e-ter, n. Same as simitar. 

Clm-me'ri-an, 1 si-ml'n-en; 2 cf-mS'ri-an, 
a. Densely dark; shrouded in gloom. 

1: • = final; l = habit; cdsle; ou = <mt; ell; 10 = feud; iJhin; go; rjssin^; thin, this. 
t: wiolf, da; bdfck, b6ot; full, rule, core, but, born; dll, bdj; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


Cinch, 1 sindh; 2 cinch, n. [Western U. S.] 
A broad saddle-girth, knotted into place. 

ein-cho'na. 1 sin-kd'ne; 2 cm-eS'na, n. 
Peruvian bark: the source of quinin; the 
tree that yields this bark. 

cfnc'ture, 1 sipk'eTnir or -tiur; 2 dne'chur 
or -tdr, n. A belt or girdle. 

cfn'dcr, \ sin'der; 2 cm'dfir, n. A burnt* 
out coal; a scale from forged iron; slag. 

efn"e-maf o-graph, n. A idnetograph. 

cin'na-mon, 1 sin'a-men; 2 cln'a-mon, n. 
The aromatic inner bark 
of a tropical laurel. ' 

cinque 'foil, 1 sink'feil; 2 
clDk'f6il, n. 1. Arch. A 
nve-cusped ornament or 
window. 2. Bot. A plant 
with five-lobed leaves. 

cl'pher, U sai'far; 2 cl'fer. 

ClTer*, J 1, vt. & vi. 1. To 
calculate arithmetically. 
2. To write in secret char- 
acters. II. n. 1. The Cinnamon, 
character 0; sero. 2. A i. flowering 
method of secret writing; branch. 2. Cin- 
anything so written. 3. A aamon-berk, pre- 
monogram. cy'pher*. pared lor market. 

Clr-ee'an, 1 ssr-sl'an; 2 clr-c§'an, a. Be- 
witching and degrading, like the enchant- 
ress Circe, who transformed men into 

dr'cle, ) 1 soVkl; 2 clr^I, vt. & vi. (cir'- 

dr'el p , |cl(e)d»; gib/cling.] To encircle; 
move in a circle. 

Clr'cle, n. 1. Geom. A plane figure bounded 
by a curved line called the circumference, 
everywhere equally distant from a point 
within called the center; also, the circum- 
ference. 2. Anything circular; a ring. 3. 
An association; set; coterie; class.— circlet, 
n. A small ring. 

Cir'cult, 1 sur'kit; 2 clr'eit, n. 1. A passing 
or traveling round; distance around; dis- 
trict traveled over. 2. The entire course 
of an electric current.— clr'evlt«break"er,n. 
An electro-mechanical protective device 
which automatically opens an electric cir- 
cuit when the current flowing therein be- 
comes excessive.— elr-cul-tous, l ser-Mu'- 
i-tus; 2 clr-eO'l-tus, a. Of or Uko a circuit; 
indirect; roundabout.— clr-cvT-tous-ly, 
adv.— eir-cu'1-tous-ness, n. 

clr'eu-lar, 1 surlciu-lar; 2 cVeu-lar. I. a. 
Forming, bounded by, or moving in a 
circle; round; circulating. II. n. A let- 
ter, or the like for general circulation. 
— cir^cu-larl-ty, n. [-ties*, pi.] 

Ctr'cu-late, 1 sur'kiu-lct: 2 cfr'eu-iat, v. 
[-LAT'Eod; -lat'ing.] L t. To spread 

abroad; disseminate. II. t. To move in 
a complete circuit, as the blood through 
the body; become diffused, as a report.— 
clr"cu-Ia'tIon, n. Transmission; dissemina- 
tion; extent or amount of distribution; a cur* 
rent medium of exchange.— cir / cu-la"tor, n. 

— efr'eu-la-to-ry, l sGr'klu-ls-to-n; 2 cV- 
cu-la-to-ry, a. Of or pertaining to circula- 
tion; circulating. 

clr'cum-, 1 suVkum-: 2 clr'eum-, prejlx. 
About; around; on all sides; surrounding: 
as, circumflex, circumlocution. 

cir"cum-am'bl-ent, 1 surTcum-am'bi- 
ent; 2 cfr*eum-am'bi-ent, a. Extending 
around; encompassing. 

clr'cum-cise, )1 sOVkum-sais; 2 clr'- 

elr 'cam-cUcr, / eiim-cls., trf. [-cised ; -as •- 
ing.J To perform circumcision upon.— 
clr"eam-cl'slon, l sor'kum-siyen; 2 efr'- 
eCun-cish'on, n. The Initiatory rite of Juda- 
ism; spiritual purification; the Jewish people. 

cir-cum'fer-ence, 1 ser-kum'fer-ens; 2 
cfr-cum'fer-enc, n. The boundary-line of 
a circle; distance around; circuit.— dr^eum- 
fer-eir'tfal, a. 

clr'cum-flex, 1 sur'kum-flsks; 2 clr'eum- 
flgks, n. A mark ( * ** ~) used over a 
letter to indicate the combination of a 
rising with a falling tone. 

cir*eum-Ja'eent, 1 sur"kum-j§'scnt; 2 
cfr'eum-ja'cSnt, o. Surrounding. 

cir'eum-lo-cu'tion, 1 sur"kum-lo-kiu'- 
snen; 2 clr'cum-lo-cu'shon, n. Indirect 
or roundabout expression. 

cir'ciim-iiar'l-g&te, 1 suT"kura-nav / i-g€t; 
2 clr'ciim-nav'i-gat, vt. [-gat'ed*; -gat*- 
inq.1 To sail around.— cir"cum-naT*l- 
ga'tlon, n — cir^cum-nava-ga-tor, n. 

cir^eum-polar, 1 sur'kum-po'lar; 2 clr"- 
eum-pS'lar, o. Near, surrounding, or 
revolving about a pole. 

clr"cum-scribe', 1 sur*kum-skraib'; 2 
clr'eum-serlb', vt. [-scribed'; -scbib'- 
iNo.l To draw around; limit; define. — dr"- 
eum-scrlp'tlon, n. 

clr'cum-spect, 1 surTcum-spekt; 2 clr'- 
eum-speet, a. Watchful, as against dan- 
ger or error; cautious; well-considered. 

— clr"cum - spec'tlon, cir ' earn - specf- 
ness, a,— clr'cum-spectfy, adv. 

clr'cum-stancc, 1 sur'kum-stans; 2 cV- 
efim-stanc, n. 1. Something incidental; 
an incident. 2. pi. Environment; situ- 
ation, income, etc.— cir"cum-stantlal, a. 1. 
Consisting of details; minute; particular. 2* 
Pertaining to or dependent on clrcumstan 
-ly, adv.— cir^eum-stan'a-ate, vt. 1-atI 
-atInq.1 To set forth or prove by dreum- 

cir^cum-vent'd, i sur"kum-vent'; 2 clr - 

ls artistic art;f^fire;fo^;get,prty;ldt,poUw;»bey,g6;n^ t 6r;fuU,r01e;but,b0rn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

n. A 

•am-vint', vt. To get around; get the 
better of, as by craft.— clr^com-vention, n. 

dr'cus, 1 sur'kus; 2 cVeus, n. A show of 
feats of horsemanship* etc.; also, the en- 
closure where it is given. 

drills, 1 sir'us; 2 glr'tis, n. [cir'bi, 1 
■ir'ai; 2 «lr% pi] A tufted form of cloud. 

els 'tern, lsis'tern; 2 cls'tern,*. A 
voir for holding water. 

dt'a-dd, 1 sit's-del; 2 ctt'a-del, 
fortress commanding a city. 

Cite, 1 soit; 2 clt, vt. [crr'and; cct'inq.] 
1. To quote or name; refer to, t* Law. 
To summon before a tribunal.— cl-ta'tton, 
1 sol-te'snan; 2 cl-tft'shon, n. 1. The act 
of citing, or a passage cited. 2. Law. A Ju- 
dicial summons. 

dt'i-aen, 1 sit'i-zn; 2 clt'i-zn, n. 1. One 
owing allegiance to, and entitled to pro- 
tection from, a government. %• A resi- 
dent of a city or town. 3. A private per- 
son; one who is not a public officer nor a 
soldier.— cUI-sen-shlp, n. The status of 
a citizen, with Its rights and privileges. 

etfrsnge, l sit'nnj* 2 clt'rang, n. A citrus 
fruit produced by crossing the common 
sweet orange with the trifoliate orange. 

dt'ric, 1 sit'nk; 2 clt'rie, a. Derived from 
fruits of the genus Citrus, which includes 
the orange, lemon, lime, etc. 

dt'ron, 1 sit'ran; 2 clt'ron, n. A fruit like 
a lemon, but larger and 
less acid; also, the tree 

dt'y, 1 sit'i; 2 clt'y, n. 
[crriES", pi.] A place 
inhabited by a large, 
permanent, organised 

dr'et, 1 siv'et; 2 clv'St, 

*. An animal secretion r«i**«« 

of musk-likcodor; the Ciwon. 

animal secreting it, often called civet*cat. 

drlc, 1 siv'ik; 2 cMe, a. Of or per- 
taining to a city, a citizen, or citizen- 

dTl£ 1 siv^l; 2 clv'il, a. 1. Formally 
polite. 2. Of or pertaining to a citizen. 
3. Occurring between citizens of the same 
country, as a war.— civil service, the de- 
partments of the public service that are 
neither military nor naval.— cl-vlllan, l ai- 
vfKyen; 2 ct-vH'yan, n. One occupied with 
drfl life; one not a soldier.— d-rlll-ty, 1 
st-virVti; 2 cl-vAT-ty, n. J-Tncs«, pi.] For- 
mal politeness; also, a civil act or speech.— 
ctrll-ty, add. 

dr 1-41*6 or -Use, 1 srvVlaia? 2 clv'i-Hz, vt. 
[-uzsd; -liz'ino.J To bring into a con- 
dition of organization, enlightenment, and 


. reclaim from savagery*— d?"MI- 
lon or-sa'tton, l alvVli-ze'snen; 2 clv'- 
1-lt-zft'Bhon, n. The act of civilizing, or the 
state of being civilized. 

clack, 1 klak; 2 cl&k. It. tt. & vi. To clap; 
rattle; chatter. II. n. A clapping sound, 
or something producing it; chatter. 

clad, 1 klad; 2 clad, imp. & pp. of cloths, v. 

claim, 1 Idem; 2 clam. I. vt. & vi. To lay 
claim to; make a claim; maintain. IL n. 
1. The demand of something as a right; 
assertion of a right; a right or title. 2. 
The asserting, as of a fact. 3. Anything 
claimed, as a settler's tract.— elafm'ant, n. 
One who makes a claim. 

clair-voy'ance, 1 klar-vei'ans; 2 clar-voy'- 
anc, n. Assumed preternatural knowl- 
edge, as in a trance.— clalr-voy'ant, a. An. 

clam, 1 klam; 2 el&m, n. An edible bivalve 
mollusk; one of various shell 'fishes. 

clam'ber, 1 klam'bsr; 2 clam'ber, vi. To 
climb with difficulty. 

dam 'my, 1 klam'i; 2 el&m'y. a. Damp 
and cold; soft and sticky.— dam'ml-ly, adv. 
— dam'ml-ness, n. 

clam 'or, 1 klam'er; 2 el&m'or. I. vi. To 
cry out; vociferate. ^ II. n. A loud re- 
peated outcry; vociferation; noisy con- 
fusion of voices, dam'ovrt. 
oils, a. Making or made with 
clam'our-oust. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

clamp, 1 klamp; 2 el&mp. I*, vt. To join 
as by a clamp. II. n. 
A device for holding or 
binding together two or 
more parts. 

clan, 1 klan; 2 elfin, n. 
A tribe, as of Scottish 
Highlanders; set; 
clique.— clan'nlsh, a. 
Like a clan; clinging to- Clamps, 

gether. -ly, adv. -ness, 1. Screw- ehunp. 
n.- dan'shlp, n. Union *• Dentate*. 8. Jew- 
under a chief. eler8 ■ 

clan-des'tlne, > 1 klan-des'tin; 2el&n-des / - 

clan-des'tln 8 , J tin, a. Kept secret; con- 
cealed.— -ly, adv. Secretly. 

dang. 1 klan; 2 clang. I. vt. & vi. To 
send forth as a clang. II. n. A ringing 
sound, as of metal struck. 

clan'gor, 1 kl&n'gar; 2 el&n'gor, n. Re- 
peated clanging; clamor, clan'gourt.— 
clan'g or-ous, a. 

dank, 1 klank; 2 clank. I*, vt. & vi. To 
send forth as a clank. II. n. An abrupt, 
short, harsh metallio sound. 

clap, 1 klap; 2 clap. I. vt. & vi. [clapped* 
or clapt; clap'ping.] To strike to- 
gether with a sharp sound, as the palms of 
the hands; applaud by clapping; place 

1: • s final; l = habit; dale; on = ovt; dl; fa = fmd; diin; go; n = sinp; Chin, this. 
Jfc wf lf,dg; Mbk, btfot; fall, raja, core, but, born; All, bdy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 


quickly or suddenly. II. n. The act or 
sound of clapping.— dap'per, n. One who or 
that which claps.— dap'trap*, n. Something 
designed to evoke applause; cheap or unwor- 
thy artifice. 

clap 'board, 1 klaptrtrd; 2 elap'bdrd, n. 
An overlapping board in the sheathing of 
a house; a weather-board. 

clar'et, 1 klar'et; 2 clar'et, n. A red 

clar'i-fy, 1 klarVfai; 2 dar'i-fl, vt. [-fied, 
1 -faid, 2 -fid; -fy'inq.] To make clear 
or transparent; free from Impurities.— clar*!- 
fl-ea'tion, n.— dart -ll'er, n. 

clar'1-net, 1 Wart-net; 2 el&r'i-nSt, n. Mua. 
A wooden wind-instrument with kevs. 

clar'1-on, 1 klar'i-en; 2 el&r'i-on, n. A 
small trumpet, or its sound. 

Clash. 1 klasli; 2 elash. I*. vt. & vi. To 
strike together with a clash; collide; con- 
flict; interfere. II. n. A confused re- 
sounding metallic noise; collision; conflict. 

clasp. 1 klasp; 2 clasp. I*, vt. To take 
hold of; fasten. II. n. 1. An overlap- 
ping fastening, as of a book. 2. A firm 
grasp or embrace. 

Class, 1 kins; 2 elas. I*, vt. To group in 
classes; assign to a class. II. n. A body 
of persons or things somewhat alike; a 
number of students having the same 
teacher or studies. 

das'slc, 1 klas'ik; 2 el&s'ie. I. a. Of the 
first rank in literature or art; pertaining 
to Greek or Latin authors. clas'sl-cal£. 
II. n. A standard work of literature or 
art, as of Greek or Roman genius; the 
author of such a work.— das"st-eal1-ty, n. 
The quality of being classical, das'sl-cal- 
nessl.— das'st-cal-ly, adv. 

clas'si-fy, 1 klas'i-foi; 2 clas'i-ft, vt. 
[-fied; -FT'ma.l To arrange in a class 
or classes.— clas*sl-fl-ca'tton, 1 klasVn- 
kG'shan; 2 clas'i-fl-ea'shon, n. A classify- 
ing, or a system of things classified. 

clat'ter, 1 klat'er; 2clat'er. 1. vt.&vi. To 
rattle; make a clatter. II. n. A rattling 
noise; noisy talk; chatter.— cUt'ter-er, n. 

Clause, 1 klez; 2elas,n. 1. A distinct part 
of a composition, as a paragraph, division, 
or article. 2. Oram. A subordinate sen- 
tence. [Cloistral. 

claus'tral, 1 kles'trel; 2 clas'tral, a. 

da?e|U l kl6v; 2 clav, imp. of cleave* or 


clav1-cl(e*, 1 klav'i-kl; 2 cl&v'i-cl, n. The 

collar-bone — da-vlc'ii-lar, a. 
daw, 1 kle; 2 elf}. I. vt. & vi. To tear or 

scratch as with claws; use the claws or 
II. n. A sharp, curved, horny 


nail; a claw-like part; a stroke or move- 
ment as with claws. 

clay, 1 klS; 2 cla, n. A common plastio 
earth; the human body.— day'ey, l klg'i; 2 
ela'y, a. 

clay 'more. 1 klfi'mSr; 2 ela'mor, n. The 
two-handed broadsword of the Scottish 

-de, suffix. A diminutive; as, icicle, partiete. 

clean, 1 kiln: 2 elen. I. vt. To make clean ; 
cleanse. II. o. Free from dirt, impu- 
rity, or defilement; unblemished,- pure; 
complete. III. adv. In a clean man- 
ner; unqualifiedly; wholly.— dean'er, n.— 
clean'ness, n. 

clean 'ly, )1 klenli; 2 cleVly, cu Neat; 

clenly*. J tidy; pure.— clean '11-ly, adv.— 
dean/U-ness, n. [clean x 

cleanly, 1 klln'li; 2 clSn'iy, adv. In a 

cleanse, 11 klena; 2 dens, vt. [cleansed; 

dense 8 , J cleans'ing.] To free from dirt 
or defilement; clean; purge. 

clear. 1 kllr; 2 cler. I. vt. & vi. 1. To 
make or become clear; brighten; clarify; 
clean; free; acquit. 2. To gain over and 
above expenses. II. a. 1. Free from 
anything that dims or darkens; uncloud- 
ed ; unobstructed ; distinct ; intelligible. 2. 
Free from responsibility, defect, guilt, or 
blemish. 3. Without deduction; net. 4. 
Undisturbed; serene. 5. Plain; evident. 
III. n. Unbroken or unobstructed dis- 
tance or space. IV. adv. Wholly; com- 
pletely; quite; clearly; plainly. — dearly, 
adv.— clearness, it. 

clear 'ance, 1 kllr'ens; 2 eleVanc, n. 1. A 
clearing. 2. A certificate permitting a 
vessel to sail. 

Clearing, 1 kuVin; 2 eleVing, n. A mak- 
ing or becoming clear; that which is clear; 
a tract of cleared land.— dearlngohouse", 
n. An office where bankers exchange drafts 
and checks and adjust balances. 

cleat, 1 kilt; 2 clSt. Id. vt. To furnish 
with a cleat or cleats. II. n. A cross- 
strip, as of wood or iron. 

cleave 1 , \\ kllv; 2 clev, vt. & rt. [cleft, 

cleav*, /clove, or clave, 1 kleft, kl6v, 
klev, 2 clfift, el5v, clav; cleft, clo'ven, 

1 kl6'vn, 2 cl6'vn,orcLEAv(E)D B ; clean- 
ing.] To cut through; sunder; split. 
- clea?'a-bl(e p , l kllv'e-bl; 2 elev'a-bl, a. 
Capable of being cleft.— deav'age, 1 kuViJ; 

2 eleVag, n. A splitting or tendency to split; 
a split; cleft; division.- deader, n. One 
who or that which cleaves; a butchers* 

cleave*, ) vi. *[cleav(e)d»; cleav(e)d» or 
cleav», jclaveijcleav'inq.] Tostickfast; 
cling; adhere. 


8: Urttipe, fat£toe,fast,what,a i ll; in«,get,prej, fern; hlt,lce; 1=6; i=e; gO,n6t,Gr, won* . 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


def, 1 kief; 2 clef, n. 

placed upon the 

staff to determine 

the pitch. 
deft, 1 kleft; 2 cleft, 

imp. & pp. of 

CLEAVE*, 0. 

deft, pa. Divided 


partly or com- l.TJg.-a^t * 

deft, n. An opening made by cleaving; 
fissure; crevice; rift, 

dem'a-tls, 1 klem'e-tis; 2 dem'a-tls, n. 
A perennial flowering plant of the crow- 
foot family. 

dem'en-cy, 1 klem'en-si; 2 clem'en-cy, n. 
Mildness toward offenders; leniency; 
mercy.— ciem'ent, a. Lenient; mild; pleas- 
ant, -ly, adv. 

Clench, 1 klendh; 2 clench. I*, trf. To 
grasp firmly; close tightly, as the fist or 
the teeth; clinch. IL n. A clenching; 
firm grip; clinch.— deneh'er, n. One who 

, or that which clenches; a clenching* tool; an 
unanswerable argument, cllneh'erj. [etc. 

dep"to~ma'nl-a, etc. See kleptomania. 

der'gy, 1 kldr'ji; 2 cleVgy, n. (cler'- 
gies*, pi.] The body of men ordained to 
the Christian ministry. — der'gy-man, flu 
E-mkn, pt.\ A Christian minister. 

cleric, 1 kler'ik; 2 cleric I. a. Clerical. 
IL n. Ang. Ch. A clerk in holy orders. 

derl-cal, 1 kleA-kal: 2 cleVi-cal, a. 1. 
Of or belonging to the clergy. 2. Of or 
pertaining to a clerk or clerks or of pen- 
manship.— clerical error, an error of Inad- 
vertence in a writing. 

Clerk, 1 klurk {Eng. kldrk); 2 clerk (Eng. 
clark), n. 1. One who keeps records or 
accounts; a secretary; [U. S.I, a salesman. 

2. Ang. Ch. One who leads in the re- 
sponses.— derk'shtp. n. 

dev'er, 1 klev'er; 2 eIeVSr, a. Ready and 
adroit; capable; talented, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dew, 1 klu; 2 elu. I. vt. 1. To move or 
fasten by or as "by a clew. 2. To coil or 
roll up into a bunch. IL n. 1. A 
thread that guides through a mare; some- 
thing that leads to the solution of a mys- 
tery. 2. A loop at the corner of a sail. 

3. A ball of yarn. duet. 

dick, 1 klik; 2 cllk. I». vt. & vi. To make 
or cause to make a click. II. n. A 
short dull sound, as from a light blow. 

dl 'en t, 1 klai'ent; 2 client, n. One for 
whom an attorney acts. 

ett"en-tele', l klol'en-tn' or -tel'; 2 elTen-teT 
or -tel', n. A body of clients or adherents. 

eiffl, 1 1 klif ; 2 cllf, n. A high, steep rock; 
"*, / a precipice. ^^ 


cli'mate, 1 klai'mit; 2 cll'mat, n. 1. The 
temperature and atmospheric conditions 
of a locality. 2. A region; clime.— cll- 

ell 'max, 1 klai'maks; 2 cll'maks, n. Rhet. 
A progressive increase in force to a cul- 
mination; the culmination; acme. 

climb, 1 klaim; 2 cllm. 1. vt. & vi. 
[climbed or clomb (poetical), 1 kldm, 
2 v cl6m; climb'ing.] To ascend as by 
means of the hands and feet ; mount or rise 
by gradual ascent. II. n. The act or 
process of climbing.— cllmb'er, n. 

dime, 1 klaim; 2 cllm, n. [Poet.] A region; 

clinch, 1 klindi; 2 clinch. It. vt. & vi. 1* 
To fasten, as a driven nail, by bending 
down the point; confirm, as a bargain or 
an argument. 2« To grapple; clench. II* 
n. A clinching, or that which clinches or is 
clinched; a decisive argument.— cllnch'er, n. 

ding, 1 klin; 2 cling, w. [clung, 1 klun, 2 
elungf clinq'ing.T To hold firmly, as by 
grssping; adhere; stick. 

clinic, 1 klin'ik; 2 clln'ic, n. Medical 
instruction at the bedside of patients. 
cll-nlque'i, 1 kli-nlk'; 2 eli-nlk'.— clini- 
cal, a. Of or pertaining to a sick-bed or a 

dink, 1 klink; 2 clink. It. vt. & vi. To 
make a clink; strike smartly. II. n. A 
slight ringing sound, as of glass.— 
cltnk'er, n. A thing that clinks, as a mass 
left by coal in burning. 

CU'o, 1 kloi'o; 2 eil'o, n. Or. Myth. Muse of 
epic poetry and history. Klel-6'i IGr.J. 

dip, 1 klip; 2 clip, vt. [clipped* or clipt; 
clip'ping.] To trim with shears; snip 
a part from, as a coin. 

clip 1 , n. The act of clipping, or that 
which is clipped off. 

dip 3 , n. A clasp for holding letters, etc. 

clip 'per, 1 klip'ar; 2 cllp'er, n. A swift 
sailing vessel. 

dip 'ping, 1 klip'in; 2 cllp'ing, n. A cut- 
ting; a slip cut, as from a newspaper. 

clique, l klik; 2 cllk, n. An exclusive set; 

cloak, 1 kl5k; 2 cldk. I*. vt. & vi. To 
cover with or put on a cloak; disguise; 
conceal. IL n. A loose outer garment; 
a cover: disguise. 

clock, 1 kick; 2 clok, n. A machine for 
measuring and indicating time.— dock'- 
work", 1 klek'wtlrk"; 2 clok'wurk'. n. Ma- 
chinery, as of a clock. 

clod, 1 kled; 2 clod. I. vt. & vi. [clod'* 
ded^; clod'ding.] 1. To throw clods 
(at). 2. To turn into clods. IL n. 
A lump of clay; the soil; anything earthy 

1: » = final; inhabit; aisle; an = out; oil; fa = feud; diin; go; n=sin<r, €hin, this. 
* wolf, dp,; Mbk, btfot; fall, rule, care, but, barn; dll, bay; to, gem; ink; thin, this- 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 



and gross.— cled'bop">er, n. A ptownui; 
rustic; lout. 

dog* 1 kleg; 2 clog, ». [clogged, clood*; 
clog'ging.1 1. <. To put a clog on; 
hinder; obstruct. II. t. 1* To become 
choked up; be hindered. 2. To adhere in 

Clog, n. 1. Anything that impedes mo- 
tion, as a block attached to an animal's 
foot; an encumbrance; hindrance. 2. A 
wooden-soled shoe. 

CtOis'ter, 1 kleiR'ter; 2 elois'ter. I. vt. 1. 
To seclude, as in a cloister. 3. To provide 
with cloisters. II. n. A covered walk, 
as for monks; a monastery; convent.— elds'- 
tral, a. Of or pertaining to a cloister; se- 
cluded; solitary. 

Close, llklda; 2 clog, v. [closed; clos'- 

d*TO*,/iNa.] I. t. To shut; stop; end; 
terminate; conclude. II. i. 1. To come 
together; shut; end; terminate. 2. To 
join; coalesce; agree; also, to join battle; 

dose, 1 klos; 2 elos. o. 1. Shut: shut in; 
confined; secluded; secret; secretive. 2. 
Near, or near together; dense; compact. 
S. Trusty; intimate; as, close friends. 4. 
Watchful; strict; as, dose attention. 5. 
Nearly even or equal; as, a close contest. 
§• Avaricious; stingy, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

Close 1 , 1 kids; 2 elds, *• I* The end; con- 
clusion. 2. A grapple. 8. A junction; 

close 1 , 1 klos; 2 clos, n. 1. An enclosed 
place. 2. A narrow lane or passage. 

dose, air. Closely. 

clos'et, Ukles'et; 2cl65'«t. I<*. vt. To 

doz'et*, ) shut up; conceal; admit to a 
private interview. II. n. A small cham- 
ber or the like. 

clo'sure, U klS'gur; 2 clS'zhur, n. A 

dO'zure*, j closing or enclosure; that 
which closes or encloses; a close, as of de- 
bate; conclusion. clo"ture'$. 

Clot, 1 klot ; 2 el6t. I. vt. & vi. fcLOT'TEDd ; 
clot'ting.] To form into or fill with clots; 
coagulate. II. n. A coagulated mass. 

Cloth, lklefli; 2eldth,n. A woven fabric. 

Clothe, 1 kl5m; 2 clSth, vt. [clothed or 
clad, 1 klad, 2 clad; cloth'ing.] To 
cover or provide with clothes; dress. 

Clothes, 1 kldtha; 2 cloth?, n. pi. Gar- 
ments; raiment; clothing; covering. 
. Clothier, 1 klSth'yer; 2 d6th'y«fr. n. One 
who makes or sells cloths or clothing. 

cloth'ing, 1 klSth'in ; 2 clSth'ing. n. Dress; 
garments; raiment; covering. 

do"tnre', 1 klO'tur'; 2 eWW, n. A closing 
of debates. 

. I klaud, 2 eloud. f^. vt. A vL To 
cover or be covered with clouds; make 01 
become dark; darken; obscure IL n. 
A mass of visible vapor floating in the air; 
something that obscures, darkens, or 
threatens; a defect; blemish — cloudless, a. 
Unclouded; clear — cloud'y, a. Of, like, or 
covered with a cloud or clouds; darkened; 

Soomy; obscure: vague; confused.— dowH- 
•, adv.— doudl-ness, n. 

clout, 1 klaut; 2 clout, n. 1. A piece, as of 
cloth; patch; rag. 2. The eenter of a tar- 
get. 8. An iron plate; a short, stout nail. 

dove, 1 WOv; 2 elov, imp. of cleave 1 , 0. 

clove, n. A dried flower-bud of a tropical 
tree (the clove* 
tree): used as 

clo'ven, 1 klo'vn; 
2 clfi'vn, pa. 
Parted: pp. of 

CLEAVE 1 , V.— eW" 

ren« foot'ed, a. 

1. Having the foot __^ ^ 

deft or divided. ^Common Clove. 
t. Satanic — e. 'hoofed, a. 

clo'ver, 1 klo'ver; 2 clo'vPr, n. A three- 
leaved plant of the bean family. 

down, 1 klaun; 2 clown, n. 1. A pro- 
fessional buffoon; jester. 2. A rude fel- 
low; boor. 3. A countryman.— clownish, 
a. Rude; ilk-bred, -ly, ado. -ness, n. 

cloy, 1 klei ; 2 cloy, vt. Tk> satiate, as with 
sweetness; surfeit. 

dub 1 , 1 klub; 2 club. L vt. [clttbbed, 
clubd*; club'bing.] To beat with a 
club; use like a club. II. n. 1. A, stout 
stick; cudgel. 2. A black three«lobed 
spot on a playing-card; a card so marked. 

— dubbed, a. Shaped or used like a elub. 

— clubfoot", w. Congenital distortion of 
the foot.— clubMoofed, a. 

dub*. L vt. & vi. To contribute to a 
common purpose; combine; join; form a 
club. II. n. An organization of persons, 
as for social intercourse; a club-house or 

cluck, 1 kluk; 2 eluk. I*. vt. & vi. To 
call with or utter a cluck. II. n. A 
sound made, or like that made, by a 
brooding hen in calling her chicks. 

doe, 1 klu; 2 elu. I. vt. Same as clew, vt, 

. II. n. Figuratively, anything that guides 

through a perplexity; a suggestion; hint; as, 

a clue to a theft. For mechanical uses see 

clew, n. * 

dump, 1 klump; 2 elump.n. A thick cluster; 
tuft; lump.— clump'y, a. 

clum'sy, 1 klum'zi; 2 elum'sy, a. [clum'- 
st-er; clum'si-est.J Unhandy; ungrace* 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, fire ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , go ; not,er ; full, rule; but, born. 
2: Ert,ape,fat,fare,fA8t,wb4t,all; me,get,pr$y.fern; hit. Ice; 1=3; i=e; go, not, or, woo, 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 



fill: awkward: unwieldy; ungainly.— 
st-ly, adv.— clum'gl-nesa, n. 

dung, 1 kluo; 2 elung, imp. & pj». of cling, o. 

dus'ter, 1 klus'ter; 2 elus'ter. 1. rf. A vi. 
To grow or gather in a cluster or clusters. 
II. n. A group or bunch, as of grapes; 
an assembly; aggregation. 

dutch, \ I kludh; 2 cluch. v. It. /. To 

dOCbS > seise eagerly; grasp firmly. II. 
t. To snatch; catch: with at. 

dutch 1 , n. 1. A powerful grasp; tight 
grip; an attempt at seizure. 2. A talon, 
claw, paw, or hand. 3. A device for 
transmitting power, as by friction. 

dutch 3 , n. A setting of eggs; a brood. 

dut'ter*, i klut'er; 2 elut'er. I. sf. To 
disorder; litter. II. n. A disordered 
state; confused heap; litter. 

dut'tcr*. L ri. To clatter; make a 
noise. II. n. A clattering noise. 

eo-V prefix. With; together. See com-. Co- 
ls often Joined to purely English words; as, 
comate, copartner, corespondent (distin- 
guished from correapondetU). 

co-s, prefix. Of the complement; as, cosine. 

coach, 1 kdtfi; 2 edch. It. vt. & ri. 1. To 
tutor or train; study with a tutor or 
trainer. 2. To carry or be carried in a 
coach. II. n. 1. A large close carriage. 
3. A tutor; trainer.— eoach'inan, it. (-men, 
pi.] One who drives a coach. coach'eet. 

ccraoVJu'tor, 1 ka'a-jG'ter or -tor; 2 c6"- 
a-ju'tor, n. A coworker or colleague. 
— co"ad-Jo'trcss, ©©"ad-Ju'trix, n. fern. 

«a-»>'val, a. Same as coeval. 

co-af'u-late, 1 ko-ag'yu-tet; 2 eo-ag'yu- 

lftt, Vt. & St. [-LAT'ED d ; -LATINO.] To 

change Into a cur6VUke mass; curdle.— eo- 
ag"u-Ia'tlon, n. 

coal, 1 kdl; 2 c61. L vt. & ri. To supply 
with coal. II. n. A combustible sub- 
stance derived from ancient vegetation, 
found in beds or veins in the earth; a 
piece of partly burned wood.— eoal'y, a. 

eo"a-lC8CC', 1 ks'e-les'; 2 eS'a-ies', vi. 
(-lesced'*; -le8c / inq.J To grow or come 
together Into one; fuse; blend.— co"a*les'- 
eenee, n — co'a-les'eent, a. 

CO^a-ITtlon, 1 kft'd-ltth'sn; 2 e5"a-IYsh'on, 
n. An alliance of persons, parties, or states. 

coaming, n. A raised boundary or curb, 
about a hatchway, well, etc. comb*- 

coarse, 1 kdrs: 2 cdrs, a. [coars'er; 

coars'est J Composed of large or rough 

parts or particles; inferior; rude; low; 

vulgar; Indelicate, -ly, adv. -ness, «. 
coast, 1 kdst; 2 edst. I d . vt. & ri. 1. To 

sail or travel along (a shore or border). 

2. (T T - S.l To ride down a slope by force 

of gravity, as on a sled. II. n. 1. The 
land next to the sea; the seashore; for- 
merly, a boundary; region. 2. [U. S.J A 
coasting, as on a sled.— coast'er, n. 
coat, 1 k5t; 2 cot. Id. vt. To cover as 
with a coat. II. n. An upper and 
outer garment with sleeves; any outer 
covering, as of fur, paint, etc.— coating, n. 

1. A covering layer; coat. 3. Cloth for coats. 
coax*, 1 koks ; 2 eoks, vt. & ri. To persuade ; 

wheedle; win; soothe.— coax'er, n. 
cob, 1 keb; 2 c5b, n. 1. A roundish mass. 

2. [U. S.j The spike of an ear of maise. 

3. A strong, thiok-set, short-legged horse. 
CO twit, 1 ko'belt; 2 co'bajt, n. A tough 

steel-gray metallic element that forms 
blue pigments. 

cob trie, ) 1 keb'i; 2«6V1, v. [cob'bled.cob'- 

cob1 p , ) ld p ; cob'blino.J 1. 1. To repair, 
as boots; make clumsily. II. t. To work 
as a eobWer.— cob'bter, «. One who patches 
boots and shoes. 

cob'Me-gtone", 1 kebl-ston"; 2 ett/l-ston', 
n. A rounded water-worn stone, as for 

co'bra, 1 ko'bre; 2 ed'bra, n. A very 
venomous snake of India that can dilate 
its neck into a broad hood, co'bra* 

cob 'web*, 1 keb' web'; 2 e&VweV. I. vt. 
[cob' webbed '; cob'web "bing.1 To cover 
as with cobwebs. II. n. The network 
or fine thread spun by a spider. 

co'ea, l k<yka; 2 eVea, n. The dried leaves of 
a South* American shrub, used as a tonic. 

co'ca-ln, ) " " " " 

co'ca-lnc, J 
n. A wb 
from ooca; used as an anesthetic. 

cocht-ncal, 1 kecVi-nll; 2 coch'i-nel, n. 
A scarlet dyestuff consisting of certain 
tropical insects killed and dried by beat. 

cock, 1 kok; 2 c6k. It. vL 1. To raise 
the cock of (a gun or pistol), 
in readiness for firing. 2. To 
turn up, as the head or hat; 
prick up, as the ears. II.. 
n. 1. A male of the domestic ■ 
fowl; any male bird. 2. A _ 

faucet. 3. The hammer of Self-closing 
a firearm, or its position when Cock, 
raised. 4. A tip or upward turn, as of the 
head or of a hat-brim. ft. A small conical 
pile, as of hay. 

cock-adc', 1 kek-Sd'; 2 cfik-ftd', n. A ro- 
sette, or the like, worn on the hat. 

cock'a-too', 1 kek"e-tu'; 2 coVa-too', n. 
A crested parrot. 

cock'a-trlcc, 1 kek's-tris or -trais; 2 e&k'a- 

lt a«s final; i * habit; (dale; «u = o*t; oil; !o^f«t*d; cliin; so; Q=sing; €hm, ttiia. 
Jfc wolf, da; book, boot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; oil, boy; fo, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


-trig or trie, n. A fabulous serpent, said 
to kill by its breath or glance. 

cock'boat". 1 kektrtt"; 2 eok'bof, n. A 
small rowboat. 

cock'crow", 1 kek'krS'; 2 cok'crS*. n. 
The early morning. eoclt'crow"Iiif *. 

cock'er-el, 1 koFar-el; 2 eok'er-el, n. A 
young cock. 

COckl(e*, 1 kekl; 2 cok^, n. 1. A weed 
that grows among grain. 2. An edible 
European bivalve. 

cock'loft", 1 kekloff; 2 eokldft', n. A 
loft under the roof. [doner. 

cock'ney, 1 kok'ni; 2 cfik'ny, n. A Lon- 

cock'plt", 1 kek'pit'; 2 efik'plf , n. 1. A 
pit for cock-fighting. 2. An apartment 
for the wounded in a war-ship. 3. In 
small yachts, the space inside the coam- 
ing, lower than the deok. 

cock'roach", 1 kek'rdcV; 2 cok'roch", n. 
An insect with a flat oval body infesting 
houses and ships. 

cocks 'comb", 1 keks'kSm'; 2 ettks'edm", n. 
1. A plant with red flowers. 2. A cox- 
comb. 8. A scarlet ridge on a jester's 
cap; also, the cap. 

cock 'swain* n. Same as coxswain. 

cock'taU", 1 kek'teT; 2 cSk'tal', n. [U. 8.1 
A drink of spirits mixed with sugar ana 

CO 'co f ) 1 kCko; 2 efl'eo, n. The .palm- 

co'coa 1 , /tree that produces coconuts. 

co'coa 3 , n. A powder made from the seed* 
kernels of the cacao; also, a beverage 
made from it. 

CO 'co-nut", ) 1 kCko-nut"; 2 efl'eo-nut', 

co'coa-nut", J n. The large, white-meated 
fruit of a tree called the coco*palm. 

co-coon ', 1 ko-kQn' ; 2 eo-eoon', n. The en- 
velop in which larva, as of silkworms, are 
enclosed In the chrysalis state.— co-eoon'- 
cr-y, »• A place for rearing silkworms. 

cod, 1 ked ; 2 cod, n. A food-fish of temper- 
ate northern seas. cod'Ash"*. 

eo'da, 1 kO'da; 2 eO'da, n. Mus. An inde- 
pendent concluding passage; finale. 

cod'dlc, 1 1 kod'l; 2 cod'l, vt. [cod'dled, 

COdl, rcoD'DLD*; cod'dlinq.] To treat 
as a baby or an invalid; pamper. 

code, 1 k5d; 2 cod, n. A system of laws, 
signals, or rules. 

codg'er, 1 kej'ar; 2 cftd&'e'r, n. A testy or 
eccentric old man; fellow. 

COd'i-cU, 1 ked'i-sil; 2 e6d'i-cll, n. A 
supplement to a will. 

cod 'My, 1 ked'i-fai or k5'di-foi; 2 cod'i-fl 
or eo'di-fl, vt. [-fied: -fy'ing.] To sys- 
tematize, as laws.— cod "l-fl-ca'tlon, n. 

co-edTu-ca'tlon, 1 ko-ej"u-lor-ed"yu-lk6'- 
dhen; 2 eo-ej'u-f or -ed'yu-Jca'snon, n. 
The education of both sexes, or of whites 
and negroes, together. 

co"ef-ll'clent, 1 kd'e-firfh'ent; 2 eo'e-flsh'- 
fent. I. a. Jointly efficient. II. n. 1* 
A cooperating agent. 2. A number or 
letter put before an algebraic expression 
showing how many times it is to be taken. 

coyno-Mte, n. Same as cenobxtb. 

co-e'qual, 1 kd-I'kwel; 2 ed-S'kwal. I. o. 
Equal and conjoined. II. n. The equal 
of another or others. 

co-erce'. 1 ko-urs'; 2 eo-erc', vt. [co- 
erced'*, co-erst"; co-erc / ing.] To con- 
strain by force or fear; compel; restrain 
or repress.— co-er'cton, n. Compulsion.— 
co-cr / clv(e* t a. Coercing or tending to 

co-e'ral, I ko-I'val; 2 co-€'val, a. Of or 
belonging to the same age or period. 

co'ex-lst'd, 1 kd'egz-ist'; 2 cS'Sgz-lst', si. 
To exist together.— co" ex-Is 'tence, or 
-tense*, n — eo"ex-ls'tent, a. Existing to- 
gether; coexisting. 

co^ex-tend'd, 1 ko'eks-tend'; 2 co'eks-tend', 
vt. & vt. To make or be coextensive.— eo ir - 
ex-ten'slv(e*, a. Having the same limits 
or extent. 

coffee, 1 kof'i; 2 eof'e, n. The seeds of 
a tropical tree; also, a beverage made 
from them, or the tree producing them. 

coffer, 1 kef'ar; 2 cCf'Sr, n. 1. A chest; 
strong box; safe. 2. hi. A treasury; 
financial resources.— cofTer*dam", n. A 
frame built in the water and pumped dry, to 
protect workmen. 

coffin, 1 kef 'in; 2 c6f'in. I. vt. To put 
into or as into a coffin. II. n. 1. The 
case in which a corpse is buried. 2. The 
lower part of a horse's hoof. 

cog, 1 keg; 2 cog, n. A tooth projecting 
from the surface of a wheel.— cog' •wheel", 
n. A wheel with cogs. 

co 'gent, 1 k5'jent; 2 cO'gent, a. Com- 
pelling belief; forcible; convincing, -ly, adv. 
— co'gen-cy, n. Convincing power. 

cog'1-tate, 1 kej'i-tet; 2 cdg'i-t&t, vt. & vt. 
Ftat'ed<1; -tat'ing] To meditate; re- 
flect; think.— cog"l-ta'tlon, n. Considera- 
tion; reflection; thought. 

co"gnac', 1 kO"nyak'; 2 e5"nyac*, n. French 
brandy: named from the town of Cognac, 
France, co'gnlact. 

cog'nate, 1 keg'net; 2 eog'nat, a. Allied 
by blood; kindred; akin.— cog-na'tlon, n. 

cog-nt'tlon, 1 keg-nisVen; 2 cog-nlsh'on, 
n. The act, power, or faculty of know- 
ing; knowledge.— cog'nl-tlf(e», a. Pertain- 
ing to cognition; knowing. 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, fire ; fnst ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , gd ; not,er;fnll,rftle;bot,bOTn. 
•: Mrt,ipe,f airfare, fast, what, all; m«,get,prey, fern; hit, fee; 1=6; i=e;go,ndt,or, wOn, 




eog'ntse or -nlse, 1 keg'nais; 2 efift'nl*. vt. 
(-N1ZED; -niz-inq.] To know, perceive, or 
recognize.— cof / nJ-«a-bl(e p , 1 keg'ni-ze-bl; 

* 2 eog'nl-sa-bl, a. Capable of being known or 
of being judicially tried or examined.— cog'- 
nl-aance, 1 keg'ni-xans; 2 eog'nl-sanc, n. 
1. Apprehension; knowledge; judicial notice 
or Jurisdiction. 2. A badge or mark.— cog/- 
nt-sant, a. Taking notice; aware, cog'* 

COg-no'men, 1 keg-nd'men; 2 eog-nd'men, 
n. [-no'mens or -nom'i-na, 1 -nom'i-na; 
2 -nom'i-na, pi.] A surname; colloqui- 
ally, any name. 

, 1 ko-hab'it; 2 eo-hab'it, vi. To 
dwell together as husband and wife. — eo- 
bab"l-ta'tlon, n. 

a-helr', 1 ko-ar / ; 2 ed^eV, n. An heir 
with another or others.— eo-helr'ess, n. fern. 

lO-here', 1 ko-hlr'; 2 eo-h§r', vi. [co- 
hered'; co-her'ing.J To stick or hold 
firmly together.— co-her'ence, n. Conjunc- 
tion; consistency; agreement, co-her'en- 
cy t.— co-ber'ent, a. Cleaving together; 
consistent; adapted; accordant; intelligible. 
— eo-her'ent-ly, ad v.— co-her'er, n. A 
1 glass tube for holding particles of nickel 


and silver used in wireless telegraphy.— eo- 
he'slon, 1 ko-hl'san; 2 eo-he'shon, n. The 
act cr state of cohering; attraction between 
atoms.— co-he 8lv(e 8 , a. Belonging to, ex- 
erting, or having the property of cohesion. 
-ly» adv. -ness, n. 

eo'hort, 1 kd'bert; 2 eoTidrt, n. An 
armed company; originally, the tenth of 
a Roman legion, 500 to 600 men. 

cotf |, 1 keif; 2 edif, ft. A close-fitting head- 

coif 'tare, 1 keiryur or (F.) kwaf ttr»; 2 eolf- 
yur or (F.) ewa*fur\ n. An arrangement 
or dressing of the hair; a head-dress. 

coign, 1 kein; 2 cdin, n. A projecting 
angle or stone; a corner, colgnet.— coign 
of vantage, an advantageous position. 

coll, 1 keii; 2 edil, vt. & vi. To wind spirally. 

coll 1 , n. A ring or spiral; perplexity. 

coll I*, n. Confusion or tumult; turmoil. 

coin, 1 kein; 2 coin. I. vt. & vi. To make 
into coins; stamp or mint; originate; 
counterfeit. II. n. A piece of metallic 
money; such money collectively.— coin'* 
age, n. Coining or fabricating; coins, or the 
system of coins of a country; the cost of coin- 
ing money. 



■ shilling 

■ penny 

U. 8. - United States 
Eng. - England 

g-gold c- copper 

s - silver ctt. - cents 

















Argentine \ 
Republic J 



) crown 
^ ducat 



tael(Halk- ) 
wan or> 
customs) ) 













100 centavoa 

100 heller 
crowns 60 heller 

100 centimes 
100 centavoa 

1,000 rels 

100 centavoa 

100 candareens 

10 reals 

100 centlmos 

100 dre 

100 centimes 























C Currency chiefly 
\ depreciated 
( paper 
( 20-crown and 
< 10»crown gold 
( pieces current 



fOnly paper In 
I common use 


China \ 


Costa Rica 


Of varying value 
Of varying valuf 



1: • « final; is habit: aisle; 
ft: wolf , da; Mok, MoU tyh 

on = owt; ell; 10 = tend; *h!n; go; D=*lng; fhin, this. 
rule. cOre, bd^bllrn; 611, boy: §o, gem?ipk;4hin, fbl* 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 





f- dollar *- shilling U. S. = United States g>gold o- copper 

£«= pound d- penny" Eng.*= England s- sliver «*. -cents 

German Empire . . 

Great Britain. 




Honduras. . 


Japan . 

Liberia . 


Netherlands. . . 


Norway; see 


Persia , 


Portugal . . 
Rou mania. 
Russia . . . 

Sweden A Norway 
Switzerland. . . . 

Turkey . 


United States* . 



' mark 
, thaler 

pound ) 

sterling > 
sovereigr > 

peso (dollar) 
f gourde \ 
\ (dollar) J 

( pice 
< anna 
( rupee 




f libra 





Skrona ) 
(Norway \ 
krone) ) 

S piaster 
lira or \ 
f plaster 
\ pound 
f dollar 
I eagle 
f peso 
I peso 


100 pfennig 
3 marks 

f 20 shUlings } 
\ or 240 pence j 

100 lepta 
100 centavos 

100 cents 

100 cents 

3 pie 

4 pice 
16 annas 

100 centeslmi 

100 sen 

100 centavos 
100 cents 
100 cents 

100 centavos 

10 soles 

i/io libra 

1,000 rels 

100 centimes 

100 copecks 

100 centeslmos 

100 ore 

100 rappen 
40 paras 

100 plasters 

40 paras 

100 piasters 

100 cents 

10 dollars 

f 100 centeslmos 

20 centavos 


S cts. 

23 H 











4V » 










Coins In use: g., 
5, 10, and 20 
marks; s., 1, 2, 
and 5 marks; 
nickel and a., 

f Coins in use: g„ 
i 5. 10. and 20 
\ yen: s.. 10, 20, 
I and 50 sen; 
I nickel, 5 sen 
(Coins in use 
I mostly British 


Not current 

* The monetary unit of the United States, in accordance with the monetary law of March 
14. 1900. is the gold dollar of 25.8 grains .900 fine. 


by Google 


•olD-dde', 1 ko'in-said'; 2 eo"in-c!d', w. 
{-cro'BD d ; -cid'ino.J To agree exactly; 
concur.— eo-ln'el-dence.n. Agreement; cor- 
respondence.— co-ln'cl-aent, a. 

COke* 1 k6k; 2 e5k, n. Coal from which 
the volatile portion has been expelled by 

col'an-der, 1 kul'en-der; 2 edl'an-dSr, n. 
A perforated vessel for straining liquids, 

cold, 1 kdld ; 2 eSld. a. 1. Of a low temper- 
ature; frigid; chilled; chilly. 2. Lacking 
ardor or sympathy; stolid; not cordial; 
discouraging, -ly, adv. -ness, «.— cold'* 
ehls"el, n. A steel chisel for cutting cold 

€Old, *. 1. A low temperature, or the sen- 
sation caused by it. «. A disorder caused 
by exposure to cold. ' 

CoT r e-op'ter-a,l keri-ep'ter-e; 2 coI"e-6p'- 
ter-a, n. pi. An order of insects having 
horny wing-cases; beetles.— col'e-op'ter, n. 
A beetle.— col'e-op'ter-ous, a. 

coJ'lc, 1 kel'ik: 2 col'ic, n. Acute pain in 
the bowels- coJ'lek-y, l kel'ik-i;2e61'ik-y,a. 

cot-lab 'o-rate, 1 ke-tab'o-ret; 2 eo-lab'o- 
rat, si. f-RAT"ED d ; rat'ino.] To co- 
operate with another or others, as in 
scientific or literary work.— coHab"o-ra'- 
tlon, n — coJ-Ub'o-ra"tor, n. coHab'o- 

eot-Upee', ) Ike-laps'; 2 co-laps'. I. vt. <fc 

COMlM^i / St. [-lapsed'*, -lapst*; -LAPfl'- 
xno.J To cause to shrink; fall in; fall to- 
gether; fail utterly; be prostrated; suc- 
cumb. IL n. A falling or sinking to- 
gether ; prostration; failure; ruin. 

collar, 1 kel'er; 2 col'ar. I. vt. To grasp 
by or provide with a collar. II. n. A 
band for the neck; a ring or band on or 
about anything.— coJTar'bone", n. The 
bone connecting the shoulder-blade and 
breast-bone; the clavicle. 

col-late', 1 ke-let'; 2 co-lat', vt. [col-lat'- 
BD d ; cotri.AT'iNaJ To compare criti- 
cally; examine.— col-la'tlon, n. 1. A col- 
lating; comparison. 2. A light repast. 

eoMat'er-al, 1 ke-lat'er-el; 2 cd-lat'er-al, 
a. 1. Attendant; incidental; confirma- 
tory. 2. Parallel; bordering; descended 
from the same ancestor in a different line. 

colleague,) 1 kellg; 2 eol'eg n. An as- 
col leas*. / sodate j n office. 
CoMect'd > lke-lekt / ;2e6-lc€t',irf.&n. To 

bring or come together; gather; assemble; 
accumulate,— ed-leef a-W(e» or eal-leetl- 
MJe», a. 
collect, 1 kel'ekt; 2 eol'eet, n. A short 
condensed prayer. 


eoMectfed, pa. 1. Assembled; gathered. 
2. Composed; self •possessed. 

eoMec'tlon, 1 ke-lek'&lian; 2 eo-lee'shon, 
n. A collecting; persons or things col- 
lected; an accumulation. 

col-lec'ttve, \ 1 ke-lek'tiv; 2 eo-lfie'tiv, a, 

coHec'tiv 8 , /Relating to an aggregate or 
group; tending to collect; bringing to- 
gether.- eol-lee'tlv(e-ly«, adv. Unitedly; at 

col-lee 'tor, 1 ke-Iek'ter or -ter; 2 eo-Iee'tor, 
n. One who collects, as duties, taxes, or 
debts.— eol-lec'tor-ate, col-lec' tor-ship, n. 
The office or Jurisdiction of a collector. 

college, 1 kel'ij; 2 eol'eg, n. 1. A school 
of higher learning. 2. A body of asso- 
ciates or colleagues. [A college student. 

col-le'gi-aii, 1 ke-ll'ji-en; 2 eo-l£'gi-an, n. 

coWe Jl-ate, 1 ke-lrji-€t; 2 eo-l€'*i-at. I. 
a. Pertaining to a college. II. n. A 

eol-llde', 1 ke-Iaid'; 2 eo-lld', 


ti. [col- 
meet and 

lid'ed*** col-lid'inq.] 
strike violently; clash. 

collie, 1 kel'i; 2 efil'i, n. A Scotch sheep* 
dog. colleyl. 

collier, 1 kel'yer; 2 col'ver, n. A coal* 
miner; a vessel employed in coal-carrying, 
or one of her crew.— eorller-y, n. [-ixs*, pi.) 
A coal-mine; the coal-trade. 

col-11 'slon, 1 ke-lis'en ; 2 eo-uWon, n. The 
act of colliding; clashing; antagonism. 

collo-cate, 1 kel'o-ket; 2 efil'o-cat, vt. 
[-cat'ed*; -cat"inq.] To arrange to- 
gether; station.— eoilo-ca'tion, n. 

col-lo'dl-on, 1 ke-lS'di-en; 2 eo-15'di-on, n. 
A solution of guncotton in ether and alco- 
hol that forms an adhesive film. 

colloid, 1 kel'eid; 2 eol'did. I. a. Jelly- 
like. II. n. A Jelly-like substance.— eoi- 
lol'dal, a. 

coMoqui-al, 1 ke-lSTcwi-el ; 2 co-16'* 
kwi-al, a. Pertaining to conversation; 
used in conversation, Dut not in literary 
or oratorical style, -ly, adv.— col-lo'qul- 
al-lsm, n. A form of speech used only or 
chiefly in conversation; a colloquial expres- 

collo-quy, l.kel'o-kwi; 2 e61'o-kwy, n. 
[-quies 1 , pi.] An informal conference; 

col-lude', 1 ke-liud'; 2 eo-Iud', vt. [-lud'- 
ED d ; -lud'ing.] To cooperate secretly; 
conspire; connive.— eol-lo'slon, n. Fraud- 
ulent cooperation.— col-lu'slv(e*, a. Fraud- 
ulently concerted. -!y, adv. -ness, n. 

colly, n. Same as collie. 

eo-logne', l ko-KJn'; 2 eo-lon' t n. A perfume 
made of alcohol mingled with aromatic oils: 
named from the city of Cologne, Germany. 

1: • « final; I *» habit; aisle; iBswt; oil; W = f«*d; cl»ln; go; rj=st*<7; thin,ttiia 
*: wolf, do/, Mftk, bdot; faJl, rule, cOre, b^t, b*rn; oil, boy; fto, ftem; ink; thin, this, 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


ertoni, x kft'lan; 2 eS'lon, n. A punctua- 
tion-mark (:) indicating a pause greater 
than a semicolon, but less than a period. 

colons f». The large Intestine. 

COlo'nel, 1 kur'nel; 2 cur'ne'l, n. The 
highest officer of a regiment.— colo'nel-cy, 
1 kOVnel-el; 2 eur'nel-cy, n. eoto'nel- 

COl"on-nade% 1 kel'o-neoV; 2 e&l'o-nad', n. 
A range of columns connected by an 

eol'o-ny, 1 kel'o-ni; 2 e&i'o-ny, n. 1-nies", 
pl.\ A body of emigrants in a remote 
region under the control of the parent 
country: the region so occupied; any 
association of individuals, as a swarm of 
bees.— eo-lo'ai-al, 1 ko-10'ni-el; 2 eo-10'nl- 
al, a.— col'o-nist, 1 kel'o-nlst; 2 eoTo-nfet, 
». A member or Inhabitant of a colony; a 
settler.— col'o-nlse, l kero-nols; 2 eoTo- 
nls, «. A el. [-nizbd; -nizInq.] To emigrate 
to and settle In a region; establish, unite In, 
or settle In a colony or colonies, col'o- 
nlset.— coJ"o-nl-za'tlon or -aa'tlon, n. 

col'or, ) 1 kul'er; 2 eol'or, v. I. t. 1. To 

col 'our, /give a color to; dye; tint; stain. 
2. To modify; misrepresent. II. i. To 
change color; blush.— eot'or-a-Me, a.— 
coI"or-a'tlon, ».— ed'ored, pa. Having 
color; of a dark-skinned race; embellished 
or exaggerated.— col'or-er, n.— eel'or-lst, 
n. One skilled In the use of color. 

eol'or, n. 1* Any one of the hues of the 
rainbow, or a blending of those hues; 
loosely any hue, inoluding black and white. 
2. A paint or pigment. 8. An appear- 
ance; pretense; disguise. 4. pi. An en- 
sign, flag, or badge.— eol'or-less, a. Without 
color; Impartial; negative; dull. 

col 'or-a- tore, 1 kul'er-e-cTiur or -tlur; 2 eol'- 
or-a-chur or -tur, n. The effect of giving 
color to vocal music, by means of runs, trills, 
or other florid decorations. 

CO-los'sus, 1 kotos' us; 2 eo-IoYtis, n. [-si, 
1 -ai; 2 -I. or -sus-es, pi.] A gigantic 
statue, as of Apollo at ancient Rhodes. 

— co-los'sal, a. Enormous, huge; gigantic. 
-ly, adv. 

eoi'our, col'our-a-bl(er, etc. Color, etc.: 

the usual spelling in England. 
col'por-teur, 1 kel'pdr-taf; 2 eoTpflr-ter, 

n. A traveling distributer of Bibles, 
' religious books, etc. col'por-teri.— col'- 

por-tage, n. A colporteur's work. 
Colt, 1 k5lt; 2 edit, n. A young horse. 

— coltish, a. Like a colt; frisky; wanton. 
COPter, 1 kSl'tar; 2 edTter, n. A blade on 

the beam of a plow, to cut the sod. coul'teri. 
col'um-blne, 1 kel'um-boin: 2 edTam-bln, 
n. A herbaceous plant with flowers of 
five petals. See illus. in next column. 

col 'until, 1 kel'um; 2 coTum, n. 1. A 
pillar; a prop or support. 2. A vertical 
series of lines, words, figures, or the like. 
S. A long array of 
troops with narrow 
front; a fleet In single 
file. — co-lum'nar, a. 

com-, con-, prefix. 
Together; with: often 
used with intensive 
force; as, complex, 
compress. Co-, «*■, 
and cor- are variant i 

co ' ma», 1 kd'me; 2 
ed'ma, n. A state 
of unconsciousness, 
with slow, heavy 
breathing; stupor.— 
co'ma-tose, l kO'me-tos; 2 efl'ma-tfls, a. 
Relating to or affected with coma; abnor- 
mally sleepy, eo'ma-tousi. 

CO 'ma 1 , n. [co'mm, 1 -ml; 2 -m6, pl.\ 1. 
The glowing, hazy mass around the nu- 
cleus of a comet. 2. A tuft of silky hairs. 

comb, 1 kdm; 2 edm, v. I. t. To dress 
with a comb. II* i. To curl over and 
break Into foam, as waves.— comber, «. 
One who or that which combs; a combing 
wave.— combing, n. 1. The act of using 
a comb. 2. That which Is combed away, as 
hair, etc. S. A coaming. 

comb, n. 1. A thin pieoe of horn, or the 
like, with teeth: for dressing the hair or 
holding it in place. 2. The fleshy crest 
on the head of a fowl. 3. The crest of a 
hill or wave. 4. Honeycomb. 

com'bat, 1 kem'bat or kum'bat; 2 com- 
bat or eom'b&t. Id. vt. & vi. To fight or 
contend with; oppose; resist; do battle; 
contend. II. «. A battle or fight; r^rug- 
gle; contest.— com'bat-ant. I. a. Con- 
tending in fight; combative. II. n. One 
engaged in combat.— eom'ba-tlY(e 8 , a. 
Disposed to combat; contentious; pugna- 
cious, -ly, ado. -ness, n. 

corn-bine', 1 kem-bain'; 2 e6m-bln' v vL & 
m. [-binbd'; -bin'ino.J To bring # or 
come into a close union; blend; unite* 
— com"bl-iiatlon, n. A joining together; 
union; alliance; compound.— com-bln'er. n. 

com-bus'tt-blCe*, 1 kem-bus'ti-bl; 2 edm- 
btis'ti-bl. I. a. Capable of burning; 
inflammable. II. n. Any substance 
that will readily burn.— eom-bos'tt-bKe- 
ness p , n. The quality of being combustible. 

corn-bus 'tlon, 1 kem-bus'dhen; 2 edm- 
buVchon,n. The act or process of burning. 

come, ) 1 kum; 2 edm, vi. [came, 1 kfim, 2 

cum p , J e&m; comb ; com'ing.] To move to 

1: artistic, Art; fat, fare; fast; get, prey ; bit, police; obey,g$; ne*,er; full, rtle; but, born, 
9: Krt,ape,fa^fare,fast^what,all; m&ge^pre.y,fern; hit, Ice; I=8;i=e;g0,n5t,6r,i 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 



B, Suitable: 

or to ' WHtfJ the speaker; draw nigh; arrive; 
happen ^cofn/er, h. 

com'c-tfy* 1 kem'i-di; 2 com'e-dy, n. 
I-mes 1 , pL] An amusing drama .; anything 
comical ,— co-me r dJ-an, i fco-ml J dL-Bn: 2 eo- 
m*'dJ-un 4 n. A comic actor,— eo-mc"dl- 
enoe', I ko-m6'di-cn'; 3 eo-ms Ml-cn' n ( /m. 

come 'If* 11 bm'h; 2 com'ly, a* (come'- 

cum'ly r , j" li-brt come'li-est^ 1* Pleas- 
ing m person; handsome, 
becoml Rfi . — come'lf -I y, ad p, 
Canie'll-octt& t n. 

COm'et, 1 kem'et; 2 
eo m f Gt, n . Ah ea venly 
body, consisting of 
star-like nucleus, with a 
nebulous train — eoiti'et- 
a»ry, a. co-met'tct, 

corn fit, H knm'fit; „ 

CUm'fltMcOmTit, n. A Comet, 

dry sweetmeat, confection, com'fl-turet. 

com Tort, \l kum'fflrt; 2 coro'fqrt. I* 1 . 

cum 'fort', f tt. To encourage; console; 
solace. If' «► Freedom or relief from 
pain or trouble; ease; satisfaction; also, 
anything that contributes to such a at ate. 
— ecrinTort-m-ble, a. Having of Impart lag 
comfort — rnmTort-a-ble-nps&t » — eom'- 
fort-a-My, adr — com'frirt-cr* n, i. Dae 
who com torn: n cottier; [c-], the Holy 
BpirtL 3. A long woolen scarf,— com 'fort- 
less, o. Beat) hue ol comfort. 

Comic, 1 kem'ik; £ coni'ie, tu 1. Per* 
tuning to or like comedy, 2» Comical. 

ronTI-cal, 1 kem/i-kel; 2 ctim'i-cal, a. 1. 
Droll; ludicroxLi; diverting. 2. Comic. 
»ly, adt, 

co m 'I- 1 y T 1 kom Vti ; 2 e6m'i-ty , r i . Kindly 
consideration: friendliness; courtesy . 

com' mi, 1 kern's ; 2 eo iu 'a. n. A pn n c tu s- 
lion-mark (J denoting the slightest 

com-mand 'd, l ke-mand'r 2 eo-mand', v. 
I* /* 1- To order with authority: re- 
quire; enjoin. %* To havo under control; 
be master nf ; overlook, as from a height; 
cover; guard; be able to obtain. 3. To 
claim rrre§dstibly- II* i. To he in 
authority; rule,- com"man-dant r » 1 kem'- 
•tt-daut*; 2 GGmyui-tlliuV. n, An officer In 
Command, as of a military post.— com- 
mand'er. l tai-mand'er: 2 eo-mand'cY, w. 
One In command; & mUltary or a naval 
officer roTn-mnndlngv pa. Pitied to 
command; authoritative: dignuied.— com- 
■MM'ment, n. An edict; order; law. 

COna«m»nd% n. 1. The right to com- 
mand; act of commanding; control; mas- 
tery; authority. 2. An order: command- 
ment. 8. The force ordiatriet commanded. 

', l kem'en-dlr'; 2 edm'an-dSr', 
tt, [S. Afr.J To force Into military service. 

com-mem'o-rate, 1 ke-mezn'o-ret; 2 
co-mSm'o-rat, vt. [-RAT'End; -rat'inq.1 
To celebrate the memory of; keep in 
remembrance.— com-mem"o-ra'tion, n. 
The act of commemorating.— com-mem'o- 
ra-tlv(e», a. 

com-mence', 1 ke-mens'; 2 ©o-menc', v, 
[-menced'*; -menc'ing.] I. f. To begin; 
give origin to; initiate. II. t. To make 
a beginning; originate; start; begin to be. 
— com-menee'ment, l ke-mens'ment or 
-ment: 2 co-menc/ment, n. 1. A beginning; 
origin. 2. A celebration at the close of a 
college course, when degrees are conferred; 
also, the day so observed. 

eom-mend'd, 1 ke-mend': 2 co-mend', vt. 

1. To express a favorable opinion of; 
approve; praise; recommend; also, to 
present the regards of. 2. To commit 
with confidence: entrust — com-mend'a- 
bl(e p , a. Laudable; creditable.— com* 
mend'a-bl(e-ness*, a.— com-mend'a-bly, 
adv.— com"men-da'tlon, n. 1. The act of 
commending; approbation. ?. Something 
that commends.— com-mend'a-to-ry, a. 
Expressing commendation; commending. 

corn-men 'su-ra-bl(e p . 1 ke-men'shu-rs- 
bl ; 2 co-mfin'shu-ra-bl, a. Measurable by 
a common unit; proportionate.— corn-men^ 
su-ra-blll-ty, n. com-men'su-ra-bHe* 
nesst.— com-men'su-ra-Dly, adv. 

corn-men 'su-ratet 1 ke-men'shu-r6t; 2 
ed-mSn'shu-rat, a. 1. Commensurable. 

2. In proper proportion. -ly,odo. -ness,a. 
com 'men t, 1 kom'ent; 2 efim'ftnt. Id. vi. 

To make comments: followed by on or 
upon. II. n. A note in explanation 
or criticism.— com'men-ta-ry.n. [-ries«,pJ.) 
A body of comments; exposition.— com'men- 
ta^tor, n. A writer of commentaries; an 
com-merce% 1 ke-murs'; 2 ed-mers', vi, 

[COM-MERCED ,fc ; COM-M ERC/lNG.] To COm- 


com'merce, 1 kem'ers; 2 c8m'grc, n. Ex- 
change of goods or productions, as be- 
tween states or nations; extended trade; 
intercourse.— com-mer'clal, a. Pertaining to 
trade or commerce.— com-mer / dal-ly, adt. 

com-mln'gle, ) 1 ke-min'gl; 2 c6-mln'ftl. 

„_.„._— '^^^ f-GL(E)n»;-QLINO.| 


To mix together; mingle. 
eom'ml-mite, 1 kem'i-niQt; 2 eSm'i-nfit, 

vt. l-NUT"EDd; -nut'inq.1 To reduce 

to minute particles; crush; pulverise.— 

com"ml-na'tlon, n. 
com-mls'er-ate, 1 ke-mis'ar-et; 2 eo-mXs/« 

6r-ftt, vt. [-AT'Eod; -at'ino.1 To feel 

pity for.- < 

It •« final; i = habit; cdsle; cm stmt; ell; W = f««d; cl»in; go; n»8tM?; €hm, 
t: Wft£,dj|; bAk, bfiot; full, rule, cflre, bdt,bArn; 611, bdy; to, fern; ink; thin, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



com'mts-aa-iy, 1 kom'i-sS-n; 2 com'- 
i-sft-ry, n. [-ries*, pi.] 1. A com- 
missioner. 3. Mil. An officer in charge 
of subsistence, etc. — com' r mU-wa'rl-at, 1 
kemVeS'n-at; 8 edm"i-sl'ri-at, n. An army 
department supplying food and other neces- 
saries; also, military supplies. 

com-mls'slon, 1 ke-miaVan; 2 eo-mlsh'on. 

1. vt. To give a commission to; appoint; 
empower; delegate. II. n. 1. The act 
of committing; a trust; charge. 2. A 
document conferring rank or authority, 
or the rank or authority conferred. 3. 
A body of persons acting under public 
authority. 4. Agency, or the compen- 
sation of an agent.— to put tn or Into com- 
mission, to put In direct command of a 
designated officer, as a ship of war, for active 

eom-mis'sion-er, 1 ke-mirfh'en-er; 2 
eo-mlsh'on-er, n. An official specially 

com-mlt', 1 ke-mit'; 2 eo-mlt', vt. [com- 
MiT'TEDd; co»wkiiT /, nNo.J 1. To do; per- 

rrate. 2. To consign; entrust; refer. 
To devote; pledge; compromise or 

bind (oneself). 4. To memorise, as a 

speech.— com-mlt'ment, n. The act of 

committing, or the state of being committed, 

as to prison, com-mlt'talt. 
eom-mlt'tee, 1 ke-mit'i; 2 ed-mlt'e, n. A 

person or persons appointed to act upon 

some matter. 
com-mo'dl-oiis, 1 ke-mfi'di-us; 2 «8-m0'- 

di-Qs, a. Affording ample accommoda-* 

tkm; suitable; convenient; spacious, -ly, 

adv. -ness, n. 
corn-mod '1-ty, I ke-med'i-ti; 2 c5-mfid'- 

i-ty, n. [-ties*, pi.] A movable article 

of value. 
com'mo-dore, 1 kem'o-d5r; 2 e5m'o-d6r f 

n. The commander of a squadron. 
eom'mon, 1 kem'en; 2 eom'on. I. a. 1. 

Frequent or usual; customary; regular. 

2. Pertaining to two or more persons or 
things; joint; general. 8. Commonplace; 
coarse; vulgar; low. II. n. Land owned 
by a town; land open to the use of the 
public. — com'moii-al-ty, n. [-tws». pi.l 
The common people; the lower classes.— 
common chord, a chord consisting of a fun- 
damental tone with Its third and fifth.— 
com'mon-er, l kem'sn-er; 2 eom'on-er, n. 
[Gt. Brit.] One of the common people; any 
subject not a peer.— com'mon-ly, ode.— 
com'mon-nees, n.— com'raon-plaee''. I. 
a. Not remarkable or interesting; ordinary; 
trite. II. n. 1. A trite remark; familiar 
truth. 2. A memorandum.— eom'mone, a. 
si. 1. The common people; oommonalty. 2. 
[O) IGt. Brit.] The legislators of tne lower 

house of Parliament; the House of Commons. 
S. A company eating at a common table, or 
the meals so furnished.— com'moD-weal", n. 
The general welfare.— com'mon-weelth", 
n. 1. The people of a state; the state, 3. 
A republic. 

com-mo'tton, 1 ke~mo'slien; 2 ed-md'- 
shon, n. A violent agitation ; excitement; 

com-mane', 1 ke-miun'; 2 co-mOn'. w. 
[com-munbd'; com-mtjn'ing.] 1. To hold 
communion; intei change thoughts or feel 
ings. 2. To partake of the eucharist. 

com 'mane, 1 kem'yun; 2 edm'yyn, n. 1. 
The smallest political division of France. 
3. A self^overnlng community.— con'mu- 
nal, 1 kem'yu-nel; 2 eom'yu-nal, a. Of 
or pertaining to a commune; public 

com-mu'nl-cate, 1 ke~mlu'ni-kSt; 2 
eo-mu'ni-eat, v. [-cat"ed<*; -cat'ing.J 
I. L To impart; make known. II. t. 
1. To make or hold a communication. 2. 
To partake of the Lord's Supper; com- 
mune— coos- nau'nl-ea- hi (e^, a.— com* 
ma'nl-eant, n. One who partakes of the 
Lord's Supper.— com-ma''mVea'tlon, ». 1. 
The act of communicating, or some' Jung 
communicated; a message. 2. Means of com- 
municating, as a highway.— com-mu'nl-ca- 
tlm*, a. Ready to communicate; frank. 
-ly, ado. -ness, n.— com-mu'nl-ea'tor, n. 

corn-mil 'nlon, 1 ke-miun'ydn; 2 eo-mun'- 
yon, n. 1. The act of communing; sympa- 
thetic intercourse. 2. The Lord's Supper, 
or the act of partaking of it. 3. Religious 
fellowship; a denomination of Christians. 

rom"mu*nl''aii6, 1 ke*mu*nrke'; 2 eo^nU*- 
nTke/, n. CF.J An official announcement. 

com'mu-iilam. 1 kem'yu-nism; 2 corn'- 
yu-nlgm, n. Common ownership of prop- 
erty with state control of labor, religion, 
social relations, etc.— com'mu-nlst, ». One 
who advocates communism.— eom"mu- 

com-mu'nl-ty, 1 ke-miu'ni-ti; 2e5-ma'ni- 
ty, n. [-ties", pL] 1. A body politic; 
people of any place; the public. 2. Par- 
ticipation; identity; likeness. 

com-mute', 1 ke-miut'; 2 co-mtit', v. 
[com-mut'bd"; com-mut'ino.] I. t. To 
reduce to something less. II. i. To pay 
at a reduoed rate.— com'Tnu-ta'tlon, n, A 
substitution, reduction of penalty.— earn'* 
mn-ta"tor, n. Elec. A device to change 
the direction or vary the strength of an elec- 
tric current In a dynamo, motor, etc.— com* 
mttt'er, a. One wbo travels statedly at a 
reduced rate. 

com-pact'<*, 1 kem-pakt'; 2 e6m-paet' t s*. 
To pack closely; compress; unite closely; 
compose; make a compact; conspire. 

1: artistic^ firt; fet^ fire; tart ;g«t, pr^;b^ 
&Mrt,ip«,f*4*tti^f^t l w^^ 

Digitized by VjjOOQ LC 



eons-pact', a . Closely united; solid; 
dense; brief; terse, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

com 'pact, 1 kem'pakt; 2 cfim'paet, n. A 
covenant or contract. 

com-pan'lon, 1 kem-pan'ysn; 2 c&m- 
pan'yon, n. One who or that which ac- 
companies; a comrade; associate — eom- 
pan'lon-a-bKe*, a. Sociable; agreeable. 

— eom-panlon-shlp, n. Association; com- 

com-pan'ion-way, 1 kem-pan'yen-wS; 2 
eom-p&n'yon-wa, n. NatU. A staircase 
leading from a deck to a cabin. 

eom'pa-ny, 1 kum'pa-ni; 2 cdm'pa-ny, n. 
[-nies», M 1. The society of another 
or others; fellowship; association. 2. A 
gathering of persons for social purposes; 
an assemblage; a corporation. 3. Mil. 
A body of men commanded by a captain. 

com-pare % 1 kern-par 7 ; 2 cflm-pAr', v. 
[-pared'; -pab'ino.] I. t. 1. To ex- 
amine as to similarity or dissimilarity. 
2. To liken. II. i. To be like or equal. 

— eom'pa-ra-bl(e p , 1 kem'pe-re-bl; 2 com'- 
pa-ra-bl, a. Worthy to be compared ; similar. 

— eam'pa-ra-My, adv.— com-par'a-tiv(e 8 , 
a. 1. Pertaining to comparison. 2. Esti- 
mated by comparison; relative. -If, adv. 

eom-parl-son, 1 kem-par'i-sen; 2 c6m- 
pari-son, n. A comparing; an estimate 
of likeness or unlikeness; a simile; ex- 
ample; resemblance. 

eom-part'ment, 1 kem- 
part'ment or -ment: 2 
e6m-pflrt'ment, n. A 
separate section, as of a 

com 'pass, 11 kum'pss; 

com 'pass', > 2 edm'pas. 
!*.*. To attain; plan 
for; comprehend; sur- 
round; encompass. II* 
n. 1. Extent within lim- 
its; scope; circuit; a 
boundary; bounds; due 
limits. 2. Mus. The 
range of a voice or in- lm ordinary Com- 
strument. 8. An instru- passes. 2. Pro- 
ment for determining di- portional CCm- 
rections by the pointing passes for reduc- 
of a magnetic needle lng and enlarg- 
northward, as in the lng In propor- 
mariners' compass. tlon. 3. Bow- 

com'pags-es, 1 kum'pss- spring Pencil. 
es; 2 eWpas-Sg, n. pi. compasses. 
A jointed instrument for measuring, de- 
scribing circles, etc. 

goal- pas's ton, 1 kom-pasn'en; 2 e&m- 
pash'on, n. Pity for suffering, with 
desire to relieve.— com-pas'slon-ate. I. vt. 

[-at"bd<1;-at1nqJ To have compassion for; 
commiserate. II. a. Feeling compassion; 
merciful: sympathetic -ly, ad v. -ness.n. 

com-pat'1-ble, ) 1 kem-pat'i-bl; 2 eom- 

com-pat'l-bl F , / pat'i-bl, a. Capable of 
existing together; congenial. — com-pat"!- 
blll-ty, n. The state of being compatible; 
congeniality; consistency. com-pat>l-bl(e- 
ness p J.— com-patl-bly, adv. 

com-pa'tri-ot, I kem-pe'tn-at; 2 c5m-pa'- 
tri-ot, n. A fellow countryman. 

corn-peer', 1 kem-plr'; 2 com-pSr', n. One 
of equal rank; a comrade; associate. 

corn-pel % 1 kern-pel'; 2 cdm-peT, v. [com- 
pelled'; com-pel'ling.J I. t. To urge 
irresistibly; constrain; coerce; force; ob- 
tain by force. II. t. To use compulsion. 

com'pend, 1 kem'pend; 2 edm'pend, n. 
An abridgment; digest; compendium. 

corn-pen 'al-ous, 1 kem-pen'di-us; 2 edm- 
pgi/di-as, a. Briefly stated; concise. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

com-pen'dl-um, lkem-pen'di-um; 2e6m- 
pen'di-um, n. [-di-ums or -di-a, pl.\ A 
brief comprehensive summary; an abridg- 

com 'pen-sate, 1 kem'pen-sSt; 2 eftm'pen- 
Sat, V. [-SAT*ED d ; -bat'ing.] I. t. 1. 
To make payment to or for; requite; re- 
pav. 2. To make amends for; counter- 
balance. II. i. To make amends.— com"* 
pen-sa'tlon, n. Payment; amends. 

com-pete', 1 kem-plt'; 2 e6m-pSt\ vi. 
[-pet'ed**; -pbt'ino.] To strive for the 
same object; rival; vie.— eom'pe-ti'tton, 
1 kem'pi-tlSh'dn; 8 edm'pe-tteh'on, n. Con- 
tention for the same object; rivalry.— com- 
pet'l-tlv(e*, a. Pertaining to or character- 
ized by competition. — com-petl-tor, n. 
One who competes. 

com'pe-tence, 11 kem'pi-tens, -ten-si; 2 

com'pe-ten-cy, jcdm'pe-tenc, -ten-cy, n. 
1. The state of being competent; ability; 

gratification. 2. Sufficient means; suf- 
com 'pe- tent, 1 kem'pi-tent; 2 eflm'pe-tent, 
a. Having sufficient ability, authority, 
or qualifications; fulfilling all require- 
ments; sufficient; adequate; able; quali- 
fied, -ly, adv. 
corn-pile', 1 kem-rxuT; 2 e&m-pll', vt. 

t piled'; -pil'ing.J To compose, as a 
ook, by borrowing or transcribing; put 
together extracts.— com^pl-la'tlon, 1 kem*- 
pi-je'sben; 2 e6m 'pl-la'shon, n. The act of 
compiling; a book or collection of extracts.— 
com-pirer, n. 
eom-pla'cence, ) 1 kem-plS'sens, -sen-m; 
com-pla'cen-cy, j 2 eom-pla'cenc, -cen-cy, 
n. Satisfaction ; self-approval ; serenity. 

1: as final; is habit; aisle; an = out; ell; IQ = fetid; Cnin; go; rjssfn^; Chin, this, 
fc wolf, dp,; book, boot; full, into, core, bat. barn; all, bay ; fo, fcem; ink; tain, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



com-pla'cent, 1 kem-pl£'sent; 2 c&m-pla'- 
(Sot, a. Feeling or showing gratification. 
•ly, adv. 

corn-plain ', 1 kem-plen'; 2 cdm-plan', vi. 
To make a statement of grievance; find 
fault; murmur.— com-plaln'ant, n. One 
who complains. 

com-plaint', 1 kem-plent'; 2 e8m-p!ant', 
n. 1. A statement of grievance or in- 
jury. 2. A grievance. 8* A physical ail- 
ment; disease. 

com'plal-sant", 1 kem'ple-sant"; 2 edm'- 
pla-§&nt", a. Showing a desire to please; 
courteous, — com 'plat-sanee", 1 kem'pie- 
zona"; 2 com'pla-e&nc", n. The desire or 
endeavor to please; politeness. 

com 'pie-men t, 1 kem'ph-ment or -mant; 
2 eom'pte-ment. l d . vt. To add or form a 
complement to; supplement. II. n. Full 
number; completeness; that which com- 
pletes; an accessory .— com"ple-mental, a. 
Completing; additional; accessory. com"- 

com-plete'. 1 kem-pl!t'; 2 com-pleV. I. 
vt. f-PLET / ED d ; -plet'ing.] To make com- 
plete; accomplish; finish; fulfil. II. a. 
Lacking nothing; entire; perfect; full; 
finished.— com-plete'ly, adv.— eom-plete'* 
ness, n — com-ple'tlon, l kem-plfrfhan; 2 
eom-pie'shon, n. The act of completing, or 
the state of being completed; finish; fulfil- 
ment.— com-ple'tlve, a. Completing or 
tending to complete. 

com'plex, 1 kem'pleks; 2 eom'plSks, a. 
Consisting of various parts; complicated; 
Intricate.— com-plexl-iy, n. [-ties«, pl.\ 
The state of being complex; something com- 

com-plex'lon, 1 kem-plek'slien; 2 c6m- 
pldk'shon, n. 1. The color of the skin, 
especially of the face. 3. Aspect; char- 
acter; quality. 

com-pll'ance, 1 kem-plai'ans; 2 e8m-pH'- 
anc, n. 1. The act of complying. 2. 

com-pll'ant, 1 kem-plai'ent; 2eom-plI'ant, 
a. Complying; yielding.— eom-plt'ant-ly, 

eom'pll-cate, 1 kem'ph-k§t; 2 eom'pli-cat. 
I. vt. & vi. [-CAT ED d ; -cat'ino.J To 
make or become complex, difficult, or 
perplexing: mix; confuse; entangle. II. 
a. Complicated; complex.— com"plI-ea'- 
tion, n. 1. The act of complicating, or the 
state of being complicated; complexity. 9. 
Anything that complicates. 

COm-plicT-ty, 1 kem-plis'i-ti; 2 eom- 
pHc'i-ty, n. [-ties", pi.] The act or 
state of being an accomplice; participa- 
tion, as in wrong-doing. 

com'pli-ment, 1 kem'ph-ment or -mant; 

2 com'pli-ment. I*. vt. & vt. To pay a 
compliment to; use or exchange compli- 
ments. II. n. 1. An expression of ad- 
miration, congratulation, or the like. 2. 
A formal greeting: usually in the plural. 
— eom"pII-men'ta-ry, a. Expressing or 
expressive of compliment. 

corn-ply', 1 kem-ploi'; 2 com-plf, vi. 
[-plied'; -ply'ing.1 To conform; con- 
sent; obey. 

com-po'nent, 1 kem-p5'nent; 2 c8m-po'- 
nent. I. a. Forming a part. II. n. A 
constituent element or part; ingredient. 

corn-port /d , 1 kern-port'; 2 eom-^rt', v. 

1. t. To conduct (oneself). II. i. To be 
compatible; agree. 

com-pose', 1 kem-pdz'; 2 cfim-pSs', v. 
[-posed'; -pos'ing.] I. t. 1. To make 
up of parts; construct; form; constitute. 

2. To tranquilize; calm; reconcile; ar- 
range; settle. II. i. To engage in com- 
position.— corn-posed'* pa. Free from agi- 
tation; calm.— com-pos'er, n. 
im-pos'ltfe*, 1 kem-pez'it or kem'po-zit; 
2 eom-ptfs/ it or cdm'po-glt, a. Made up 
of distinct parts; combined or com- 

com"po-si'tion, 1 kem'po-cisli'an; 2 efim'- 
po-sfeh'on, n. 1. The act of composing, 
or that which is composed, as a literary, 
artistic, or musical production; a com- 
bination. 2. Typesetting. 8. An agree- 
ment or settlement; compromise.— eom- 
post-tor, l kem-pesVter or -tor; 8 cfim- 
pOe/l-tor, n. A typesetter. 

com 'post* 1 kem'pdst; 2 eom'pdst, n. A 
fertilizing mixture; manure. 

com-po'sure, 1 kem-po'sur; 2 c8m-p6'- 
zhyr, n. Tranquillity; calmness; serenity. 

corn-pound ' d , 1 kem-paund'; 2 e6m- 
pound', t». 1. 1. 1. To mix, or make by 
mixture; combine. 2. To settle at a re- 
duction, as a debt; conceal, as a crime, 
for a consideration. II. i. To come to 
terms; settle. 

com 'pound, 1 kem'paund; 2 eftm'pound, 
a. Composed of ingredients or parts; 

com'pound 1 , n. A compound substance. 

eom'pound 3 , n. The walled or fenced en- 
closure of a European residence or factory 
in the Orient. 

com'pre-hend'd, rkem*pn-hend';2e6m - 
pre-hend', vt. 1. To grasp mentally; un- 
derstand fully. 2. To include; comprise; 
encompass. — com' r pre-lien''8l-bll'I-ty t *. 
The state of being comprehensible, com*-. 
pre-hen'sl-bKe-nessn. - com" pre-hen'- 
sl-bl(e p , a. Capable of being comprehended; 


2: a^ape,fat,fAre,fa8^wbat,aU;m^g«t,prfy,fern; hit, Ice;I=fl;I=e;gO,ndt,6r,w6n» 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


conceivable.- com"pre-hen'gt-bly, adv.— 
com^pre-taen 'slon, n. 1. The act or power 
of comprehending; understanding. 2. Inclu- 
sion; comprehensiveness.— com"pre-hen'- 
fltv(e", a. Large in scope; inclusive; broad. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n» 
corn-press '*, 1 kem-pres'; 2 c&m-preV, vt. 
To press together; condense; concentrate. 

— com-press"l-bll'l-ty, n. com-pressl- 
M(e-nessn.— com-pressl-blCe p f a. Ca- 
pable of being compressed.— com-pres 'slon, 
n. The act of compressing, or the state of 
being compressed. 

com 'press, 1 kem'pres; 2 cSm'pres, n. A 
device for compressing. 

com-prlse', 1 kem-praiz'; 2 c6m-prls.\ vt. 
[-prised'; -pris'ing.] To include; con- 
sist of; embrace. eem-prlse'J. 

eom'pro-mlse, 1 kem'prc-maiz; 2 e6m'- 

?ro-mI§. I. vt. & vi. [-mjsed; -mis'ing.] 
. To adjust or make a settlement by 
concessions. 2. To expose to risk or 
suspicion. II. n. 1. A settlement by 
mutual concession. 2. The habit or 
soirit of concession. [Controller. 

eomp- trailer, i ken-troTer; 2 eon-troTet, n. 

eom-puTsion, l kom-pul'slien; 2 c5m- 
purshon, n. The act of compelling, or 
the state of being compelled; coercion. 

— com-pnI'slv(e", a. Compelling, or tend- 
ing to compel; compulsory. -If, adv. -ness, 
n.— eom-pul'so-ry, a. Compelling; coer- 
cive; enforced; forced. — com-pul'so-rl-ly, 
adv.— com-pul'so-rl-ness, n. 

com-punc'tlon. 1 kem-punk'slien; 2 c5m- 
pftne'shon, n. Self-reproach ; slight regret. 

com-pute', 1 kem-piut'; 2 e5m-put' t vt. & 
vi. [-put'ed*; -put'ing.] To estimate 
numerically; calculate; reckon.— com-put"- 
a-bHI-ty, n. — com-put'a-bl(eP, a. — 
com^pu-ta'tlon, n. The act of computing; 
amount computed.— com-put'er, n. 

com'rade, 1 kom'rad; 2 c6m'rad, n. An 
intimate companion or associate, as in 
arms.— com'rade-ihlp, n. com'rade-ry J. 

COH, 1 ken; 2 e6n, vt. [conned, cond 8 ; 
con'ning.J To study with care; peruse; 

con, n.&adv. The contrary : against. 

con-cat 'e-nate, 1 ken-kat'i-ngt; 2 «8n- 
e&t'e-nfit, tt. [-nat'ed^; -nat'ing.J To 
link together; connect in a series.— con- 
cafe-na'tlon, n. A chain-like series. 

con 'cave, 1 ken'kev; 2 c6n'cav. I. a. 
Hollow and rounded, as the interior of a 
sphere or circle. II. n. A concave sur- 
face; vault, as of heaven.— con-cavl-ty, n. 
(-T»s*, pi.] The state of being concave; a 
concave surface; hollow. 

con-cesl', 1 ken-sll'; 2 con-eel', vt. To hide: 
secrete.— con-eeal'ment, n. 1. The act of 


concealing, or state of being concealed. & 
A hiding-place. 

con-cede % 1 ken-sId': 2 e&n-cSd', vt. 
I-ced'ed*; -ced'ing.] To yield; acknowl- 
edge; admit. 

con-celt', 1 ken-sit'; 2 eon-ceV, n. 1. 
Overweening self-esteem. 2. A fancy; 
clever thought or expression. S. Ap- 
prehension; understanding.— con-ceit'ed, 
pa. Having an excessive opinion ol oneself; 
vain. -If, adv. 

con-celv(e' p , 1 kon-slv 7 ; 2 con-ceV, vt. A vi. 
[-ceiv(e)d' b ; -ceiv'ing.] 1. To form an 
idea of; think; imagine. 2. To become 
pregnant; engender) originate.— con-cel?'- 
a-bl(e*, a. — con-celv'a-My, adv. 

con'cen-trate, 1 ken'sen-trSt or ken-sen'- 
trfit; 2 edVcon-trat or efin-cen'trat, vt. A 
vi. [-TRAT"EDd; -trat'ing.] To draw to a 
common center; condense; intensify.— 
con'cen-tra'tlon, n. The act of concen- 
trating, or that which is concentrated; con- 

con-cen'trlc, 1 ken-sen'tnk; 2 eon-cen'trie, 
a. Having a common center, con-cen'- 

con'cept, 1 ken'sept; 2 e5n'cept, n. An 
abstract general notion; idea. 

con-cep'tlon, 1 ken-sep'slien; 2 e8n-ce*p'- 
shon, n. The act or faculty of conceiving, 
or that which is conceived; an idea: notion. 

con-cern', 1 ken-sum'; 2 e6n-cern\ I. vt. 
To relate or belong to: interest; affect; 
trouble. II. n. 1. That which con- 
cerns one; affair; business; anxiety. 2. . 
Solicitude; interest. 

con-cern 'Ing, 1 ken-surn'in; 2 c8n-c€rn'« 
ing, prep. In relation to; about. 

con-cert ' d , 1 ken-surt'; 2 c6n-cert', vt. To 
arrange in concert; contrive. 

con 'cert, 1 ken'sart; 2 cdn'cSrt, n. 1. A ' 
musical entertainment. 2. Harmony; 

eon-cer'to, 1 ken-Cher'to; 2 eon-cher'to, n. 
Mm. A musical composition In several 
movements, written with an orchestral ac- 

con-ces'slon, 1 ken-sesVen; 2 c8n-cesh'on» 
n. The act of conceding, or that which is 

conch, 1 kenk; 2 c8ne, n. A large marine 
sheik— con-chol'dal, 1 ken-kel'del: 2 edn- 
cftl'dal, a. Sheltahaped. con'choldt. — 
con-cbol'o-glst, ] keQ-kel'o-Jist; 2 e6n-edi'- 
o-glst, n. One versed In oonchology.— con- 
cbol'o-gy, n. The study of shells. 

con-cll'1-ate, 1 ken-sil'i-et; 2 e8n-cfl'i-at, 
vt. [-at*ed°: -at'ino.] To pacify; soothe; 
gain; win.— con-cill-a'tlon, n.— eon-dll- 
a-to-ry, a. Tending to conciliate. 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; cms out; ell; la = feud; coin; go; rj = sin#; Chin, this. 
9: wolMg; book, boot; fall, rale, cure, but, burn; oil, boy; fo, ftem: ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


con-else % 1 ken-sals'; 2 con-els', a. Ex- 
pressing much in brief form; compact; 
terse. -If, adv. -ness, ». 

con 'clave, 1 kenldev; 2 eon'el&v, n. A 
secret council. 

con-elude % 1 kon-klud'; 2 c8n-cl\id', vt. & 
vi. . [C0N-CLUD'ED d ; con-clud'ing-1 1. 
To determine; decide; also, to infer; de- 
duce. 2. To terminate; finish; settle; end. 

con-elu'slon, 1 ken-klu'sen; 2 cdn-elu - 
zhon, n. The act of concluding; ter- 
mination; end; inference; decision. 

con-clu'sr?(e*, 1 ken-klu'siv; 2 c6n-clu'siv f 
a. Decisive; final, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

Con-coct' d , 1 ken-kekt'; 2 c&n-e6ct' f vt. 
To prepare by mixing ingredients; con- 
trive; plan.— con-coe'tlon, n. The act of 
concocting, or the thing concocted; contriv- 
ance; mixture. 

con-coml-tant, 1 ken-kem'i-tent; 2 c5n- 
eom'i-tant. I. a. Existing or occurring 
together; attendant. II. n. An atten- 
dant circumstance.- con-coml-tant 4y 9 adv. 

con 'cord, 1 ken'kerd ; 2 eop/cdrd, n. Unity ; 
agreement; harmony. 

con-cor 'dance, 1 ken-ker'dens; 2 «5n- 
ccVdanc, n. An index of words or topics, 
as of the Bible. 

con-cor'dant, 1 ken-keVdent; 2 «6n-eor / - 
dant, a. Existing in concord; consonant. 
-ly, adv. 

con 'course, 1 ken'for kenlkdrs; 2 c6n'- 
[or conlcSrs, n. 1. An assembling; as- 
sembly; throng. 2. A place of assembly. 

COn-crete', 1 ken-krlt'; 2 cdn-cret', vt. & vi. 

(cON-CRET / ED d ; CON-CRET / ING.] To form 

into a hardened mass; coalesce; congeal; 
supply with concrete. 

con'crete, 1 ken'krTt; 2 con'crCt, a. 1. 
Joined in or constituting a mass. 2. Ac- 
tually existing; real; individual; particu- 
lar. 3. Made of concrete, -ly, adv. -ness, 
n.— con-cre'tlon, n. The act of concreting ; 
a hardened mass. 

con'crete, n. t. A hardened mass, as 
of gravel and hydraulic cement. 2. A 
concrete object. 

con'cu-blne, 1 kenlriu-bain; 2 cSn'cti-bln, 
n. A woman who cohabits with a man 
without marriage; a mistress. — eon-cu'bi- 
nage, n. 

con-cu 'pls-cence, 1 ken-kiu'pi-eens ; 2 e»n- 
eu'pi-senc, n. 1. Undue or illicit sexual 
desire; lust. 2. Any inordinate desire. 
— con-cu'plft-cent, a. Sensual. 

con-cur', 1 ken-kur'; 2 c8n-cur' vi. [con- 
curred', con-curd*; con-cur'ring.J To 
come or happen together; agree; coincide; 
cooperate; unite.— con-cur'rence, 1 ken- 
kur'ens; 2 eon-cttr'enc, n. Combination 


agreement; coincidence; approval; assent.— 
eoa-cur'rent, a. Occurring or acting to- 
gether; coordinate; concomitant. -ly,ode. 

con-cus'sion, 1 ken-kusVen; 2 edn- 
eush'on, n. A violent shaking ; shock ; jar. 

con-demn', ) 1 ken-dem'; 2 cSn-dcm', vt. 

con-dem' 8 , j 1. To speak against; declare 
guilty; censure; blame; sentence. 2. To 
officially reject as unfit for use; also, to 
appropriate, for public use; declare; for- 
feited.— con'dem-na'tlon, n. The act of 
condemning, or the state of being condemned. 
— con-dem'na-to-ry, a. Containing or ex- 
pressing condemnation. 

con-dense', 1 ken-dens'; 2 eSn-deps', vt. & 

Vi. [-DEN8ED'*, -DEN8T' 8 ; -DENS'lNG.] To 

make or become dense; compress; con- 
solidate; abridge.— con-dens'a-lor -l-]bl(e p , 
a.— eon'den-sa'tion, 1 ken'den-se'Shsn; 2 
eon'den-sft'shon, n. The act of making dense 
or denser, or the state of being condensed; a 
product of condensing.— con-dens'er, 1 ken- 
dens'er; 2 edn-dens'Sr, n. 

con"de-scend' d , 1 ken"di-send'; 2 con "de- 
send', vi. To be gracious, affable, or 
social, as with an Inferior; deign.— con"de- 
scend'lng, pa. Showing condescension; 
gracious; patronizing, -ly, adv.— eon"de- 
scen'ston, n. Graclousness or courtesy to 
Inferiors. " 

con-dlgn', 1 ken-dain'; 2 con-din', a. 
Well deserved; merited; deservedly se- 
vere, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

con'dl-ment, 1 ken'di-ment or -ment; 2 
edn/di-ment, n. A relish, spice, etc 

con-dl'tlon, 1 ken-disVen; 2 eon-dlsh'on. 

1. vt. To limit by conditions; be pre- 
requisite to; require. II. n. 1. The state 
of existence or of health; state of highest 
health. 2. A modifying circumstance: a 
prerequisite. 3. A grade or rank; high 
social position.— con-dl'tion-al, a. Express- 
ing or imposing conditions; not absolute.— 
con-dl'tion-al-ly, adv. 

con-dl 'Honed, 1 kon-dlsVend; 2 edn- 
dlsh'ond, pa. 1. Limited by conditions. 

2. Circumstanced; placed. 
con-dole', 1 ken-ddl'; 2 c8n-d6l', vi. 

[-doled'; dol'ing.1 To express sym- 
pathy with another.— con-dolence, n. 

con-done', 1 ken-don'; 2 eon-don', vt. 
[-doned'; don'ing.] To treat as forgiven; 
forgive.— eon"do-na'tlon, n. Forgiveness. 

con 'dor, 1 ken'dor; 2 cdn'ddr, n. A large 
vulture of the high Andes. 

con-duce', 1 ken-dius'; 2 c5n-duc', vU 
[-duced**; duc'ing-1 To help or tend 
toward a result; contribute.— con-du'cfv(e«, 
1 ken-dlu'siv; 2 eon-du'clv, a. Contribut- 
ing to a result; leading;- helping, -ly, adv. 

1: artistic, Art ; fat, fare ; f ost ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , go ; not,er ; full, rule; but, bOrn, 
8: art,ape,fat,fAre,fast,what,jU;me^get,prej,fern; blt,Ice;I=S;i=e;go,n4t t dr,w6n t 

Digitized by V^jOOQLC 


con-duet'*, 1 kon-dokt'; 2 c8n-duet' t v. 
I. t. 1. To guide; escort. 2. To man- 
age; carry onj also, to behave (oneself). 
3. To transmit, as electricity. II. i. 1. 
To be a conductor. 2. To direct; lead; 
behave; act.— eon-duc'tlon, lken-duk'snen; 
2 edn-dQe / 8hon, a. Transmission or convey- 
ance, as* of heat, etc.— con"duc-tlv'l-ty, n. 
Power to conduct, as heat or electricity.— 
con-duc'tor, n. 1. A guide; leader; man- 
ager. 2. A body having conducting power, 
ag a lightning-rod. 

con 'duct, 1 ken'dukt; 2 con'dtict, n. 1. 
Behavior. 2. Escort; convoy; direction; 
control; skilful management. 

OOn'duit, I ken'dit; 2 c5n'dit, n. A means 
of conducting, as a tube, pipe, or subway. 

cone, 1 kon; 2 con, n. A solid figure that 
tapers uniformly from a circular base to 
a point; a scaly fruit, as of the pipe, hav- 
ing such a shape. 

eon-fab 'u-late, l 
ken-fab'yu-l£t; 2 
eon-fab'yu-lat, vi. 

[-LAT"BD<1; -LAT"- 

ING.1 To chat; 
gossip; converse. 
— con-fab"u-la'- 
tlon,n. Familiar 
conversation; chat. 

Ck>ne of Pine-tree. 

eon-fec'tlon, 1 ken-fek'shen; 2 e#n-feV 
shon, n. A sweetmeat; conserve, con'- 
fleet*. — con - fec'tlon - er, n. One who 
makes or deals in confectionery.— con-fee'- 
tlon-er-y, n. [-us 2 , jtf.J Candies, sweet- 
meats, etc., or a shop where they are sold. 

con-fed 'er-a-cy, 1 ken-fed'ar-a-si; 2 eftn- 
fod'er-a-cy, n. [-cies«, pi.] A number 
of states or persons allied; a league; con- 

con-fed 'er-ate, 1 ken-fed'er-St; 2 con- 
fSd'er-at. I.vt.&vi. [-AT*EDd;-AT"iNG.] 
To form or join in a confederacy. II. a. 
Associated in a confederacy. III. n. An 
ally; associate; accomplice.— con-fed^er-a'- 
Uon, a. 1. The act of confederating. 2. 
A confederacy. 

eon-fer', 1 ken-fur'; 2 eon-fey, v. [-febbed', 
-ferd' 8 ; -feb'rinoJ I. t. To grant as a 
benefit; bestow. TLi. To hold a confer- 
ence; consult.— con^fer-ee', n. 1. [U. S.J 
A person taking part In a conference. 3. 
One upon whom something is conferred. 

convergence, 1 ken'far-ens; 2 cdn'fer-enc, 
n. 1. A meeting for counsel; an official 
council. 2. Conversation; discourse. 

eon-fess'. 1 kon-f es'; 2 con-feV, v. [con- 
fessed '*, sometimes con-fest / ; con- 
Fr:sa / iNa.] I. t. 1. To acknowledge; own; 
admit, as a fault or error. 2. To avow. 
3. To disclose; reveal. II. t. To make 


acknowledgment.— eon-fess'ed-ly, adv. By 
confession; Indisputably.— con-fes'sion, I 
ken-fesn'an; 2 eon-fesh'on, n. The act of 
confessing; avowal; acknowledgment; a creed. 

— con-fes'slon-al. I. a. Pertaining to a con- 
fession. II. n. R. C. Ch. A priest's cabinet 
for hearing confessions.— con-fes'sor, 1 ken- 
fes'sr; 2 con-fes'or, n. 1. One who confesses 
the Christian faith, as under persecution. 2. 
R. C. Ch. A priest who hears confessions; a 
spiritual adviser. 

con"n-dant', 1 kenfi-dnnt'; 2 eonfi-dant', a. 
A person to whom secrets are entrusted. 

— conli-dante', 1 kenfi-danf; 2 c6n"fl- 
dant', n. fern. 

eon-fide', 1 kon-foid'; 2 eSn-ftd', v. [con- 
Fro'EDd; con-fto'ino] I. t. To reveal in 
trust or confidence; entrust (to). II. i. 
To repose confidence (in). 

con'fi-dence, 1 ken'fi-dens: 2 eon'fi-dene. 
n. 1. Trust; reliance; belief in a person 
or thing. 2. Assurance; self-reliance. 3. 
Private communication; a secret.— con'fl« 
dent, 1 kou'fi-dent; 2 eon'fi-dent, a. Hav- 
ing confidence; assured; self-reliant. -ly» 
adv.— con"n-den'tlal, 1 ken'n-den'Shel; 8 
eon'fl-den'shal. a. 1. Having private rela- 
tions with another; trusted; intimate. 2. 
Given in confidence; secret. 3. Disposed to 
confide.— con"fi-den'aal-ly, adv. 

eon-fig" ur-a 'Hon, 1 kon-f ig'yur-e'slien; 2 
eon-flg'yur-a'shon, n. Structural arrange- 
ment; figure; shape. 

con-line', 1 ken-fain'; 2 c6n-fln', vi. [con- 
fined'; con^fin'ing.J To shut up; im- 
prison; limit; restrict.— confine, 1 ken'fain; 
2e6n'fln, n. A boundary; limit; frontier.— 
con-nne / les& ) a. Unbounded; boundless.— 
con-fine'ment, n. The state of being con- 
fined; restraint; imprisonment. 

COii-fi*m', lken-furm';2c8n-flrm', vt. 1. 
To verify; make certain; strengthen. 2* 
Imw. To ratify; sanction. 3. Eccl. To 
receive into the church.— con^nr-ma'tlon, 
n. 1. The act of confirming; that which 
confirms; corroboration; proof. 2. The rite 
of full induction into certain churches.— con- 
ftnn'a-to-ry,l ken-f Orm's-to-ri; 2 eon-flrm'- 
a-to-ry, a. Helping to confirm or establish, 
con-nrm'a-tivCe 8 *. 

con'fis-cate, 1 ken'fis-ket or kon-f isTcct; 2 
cdn'fis-cfit or cdn-fis'cat, vt. [ cat'ed*; 
-cat "inc.] Law. To appropriate as for- 
feited to the public use or treasury.— con-fte'- 
ca-bl(e p ,a. Liable to confiscation. con"fis- 
cat'a-bKet.— confls-cate, a. Confiscated 
or forfeited.— con"fis-ca'tlon,n. Forfeiture 
or appropriation to public use. 
con'na-gra'tlon, 1 ken'fls-gre'sliBn; 2 
con'fla-gra'shon, n. A great or e&tensive 
con-flic t' d , 1 ken41ikt'; 2 eon-fllct', vi. 

1: »«= final; i = habit; aisle; on « cut; oil; 10 = feud; tfnin; go; Q=sing; €hln, thifl. 
ft: wol£,df|; book, boot; full, rele, cfire, bd^burn; 611, boy; fo, *em; Ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



To come into collision; be in mutual oppo- 
sition; contend. [contest: strife. 
conflict, 1 ken'flikt; 2 edn'fHct, n. A 
con'fiu-en^ 1 ken'flu-enf; 2 eon'flu-ent. 
I. a. Flowing together; blended. II. n. 
A branch of a river.— con'flu-ence, n. A 
junction of streams; union. 
con-form ', 1 ken-ferm' ; 2 cdn-f drm', v. 1. 
L To make like in form; with to. II. t. 
To act in accord; correspond; comply. 

— con-form / a-bl(e p , a. Being in conform- 
ity; correspondent; compliant; obedient.— 
con-form'a-bly, adv. — conTor-ma'tion, 
n. General structure, form, or outline.— 
con-fbrml-ty, n. Correspondence; agree- 
ment; acquiescence. 

con-found 'd, i ken-faund'; 2 con-found', 
vt. 1. To strike with confusion; amaze; 
perplex; overwhelm; abash. 2. To con- 
tuse with something else; mix. 

Con"fn-ter'nl-ty, I ken"fre-tur / m-ti; 2 
eon'fra-teVni-ty, n. [-otes«, pi.] An 
association; brotherhood. 

con-front 'd, 1 1 ken-frunt'; 2 e6n-frdnt', 

con-f runt*, / trf. To stand face to face 
with; face defiantly: put face to face. 

con-fuse', 1 ken-fittr; 2 eon-fus/, vt. [con- 
fused'; con-fus'ing.] 1* To perplex; be- 
wilder; disconcert. 2. To mix in dis- 
order; derange. — eon - fas'ed - ly, adv. — 
con-fu'slon, l ken-flu'sen; 2 eon-fa'zhon, n. 
The act of confusing, or the state of being 
confused; perplexity; distraction; embarrass- 
ment; shame. 

con-fute', 1 ken-fiut'; 2 eon-fat', vt. [con- 
ruT'EDd; con-put'inq.] 1. To prove 
false; refute. 2. To prove (a person) to be 
in error. — conTu-ta'tion* n. The act of 
confuting; disproof. 

eon'ge', 1 ken's?; 2 eon'she/, n. 1. Leave- 
taking; parting. 2. Dismissal, con'gee'J. 

con-gear, 1 ken-jlT; 2 eon-gel', vt. & vi. 
To change from a fluid to a solid condi- 
tion; coagulate; harden; freeze. — con"ge- 
la'tlon, n. A congealing; clot; concretion. 

con'ge-ner, 1 ken'ji-nar; 2 cdn'ge-ner, n. 
A member of the same genus or kind with 

con-ge'nlal, 1 ken-jln'yel; 2e8n-gen'yal, a. 
Having similar character or tastes; sym- 
pathetic; agreeable.— con-ge^nl-ail-ty, n. 

— eon-ge'nlal-ly, adv. 
Con-gen r l-tal, 1 ken-jen'i-tel; 2 con-gen'i- 

tal, a. Born with one; existing from 
birth. — con-genl-tal-ly, adv. 
con-gest'd, l ken- jest'; 2 con-gest', vi. To 
become overcrowded.— con-ges'tion, 1 ken- 
Jes'cndn; 2 edn-ges'chon, n. An excessive 
accumulation; crowding; thickening.— con- 
ge8'tlv(e», a. Pertaining to, characterized 
by, or Indicative of congestion. 

con-glora'er-ate, 1 ken-glem'er-tt; 2 eon- 
gl&m'er-at. I. vt. & vi. [-AT'sod; 
-at'ing.] To gather into a cohering mass. 
II. 1 ken-glem'er-it; 2 edn-glom'8r-at, a. 
Massed or clustered; heterogeneous. Ill* 
n. A heterogeneous collection; a rock 
composed of pebbles loosely cemented to- 
gether. — con-glom"cr-a'tlon. to. 1. A 
conglomerated mass. 2. The act of con- 

con-grat'u-lftte, 1 ken-grach'u-[or -grat'- 
yu-|l6t; 2 e6n-grach'u-[ or -grat'yu-llat, vt. 
[-lat'ed*; -lat'ing.j To express sym- 
pathetic pleasure in the joy or good for- 
tune of (another).— con-grat^u-la'tlon, n. 
The act of congratulating; a congratula- 
tory expression.— con-grafu-la-to-ry, a. 
Expressing congratulation. 

con'gre-gate, 1 ken'gn-gCt; 2 eftn'gre-gfit, 
vt. & vi. [-gat*ed«; -gat'ing.1 To bring 
or come together into a crowd; assemble. 

con'gre-ga'tlon. 1 ken/gn-gg'sTien; 2 
eoirgre-ga'shon, ». 1. The act of con- 
gregating. 2. An assemblage, as for wor- 
ship; a religious body. 

con"gre-ga'tion-al, 1 ken "gn-ge'sn en-el; 
2 con"gre-ga'shon-al, a. 1. Pertaining to 
a congregation. 2. [C-] Pertaining to 
Congregationalism or to the Congrega- 
tionallsts — eon'gre - ga ' tlon - al -Ism, n. 
The church polity that makes the authority 
of the local congregation supreme within its 
own domain, or [C-l the religious denomina- 
tion founded on that polity — Con"gre-ga'- 
tion-al-lst, n. A member of the Congrega- 
tional denomination. 

con'gress, 1 kerj'gres; 2 edn'gres, n. 1. 
An assembly; conference; meeting; inter- 
course. 2. [C-] The national legislative 
body of the United States.— con-gres'slon- 
al, a. Pertaining to a congress, especially 
[C-l the United States Congress. — Con'- 
gress-man, n. [-men, pi.] A member of 
the United States Congress. 

con'gru-ent, 1 ken'gru-ent; 2 e8n'gru-ent, 
a. Having mutual agreement, as figures 
or propositions; correspondent.— congru- 
ence, n. eon'gru-en-cy?.— con'gru-ent* 
ly, adv. 

con'gru-ous, 1 ken'gru-us; 2cfin'gru-us, 
o. Harmoniously related or combined; 
appropriate; consistent, -ly, asd. — con- 
gral-ty, 1 ken-gru'i-ti; 2 eon-gru'1-ty, »• 
[-ties 1 , pi.] Harmonlousness; appropriateness. 

eon'le, 1 ken'ik; 2 eon'ic, a. Cone-shaped. 
conl-calf. [a. Cone-bearing;. 

co-nlf 'er-ous, 1 ko-nif'er-us; 2eo-nIf'er-us, 

con-Jec'ture, 1 ken-jek'tfhur or -tiur; 2 
eon-jeVchur or -tur. I. vi. & vi. [-tubed; 
-tub-ing.J To surmise; guess. II. n. 


•: art > ape,fat,fare,fast > wha t,aU;me\get,prej,fern; hit,Ice;I=S;i=e;go,not,or,wOn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



An indecisive opinion; a guess; surmise. 
— con-Jec'tur-al, a. Of the nature of or de^ 
pendent on conjecture. 

eon-join', 1 ken-jein'; 2 efin-join', vt. & vi. 
To Join together; associate; unite.— con- 
Joint', a. Associated; conjoined. 

eon'ju-gal, 1 ken'ju-gsl; 2 cdn'ju-gal, a. 
Pertaining to marriage; matrimonial, -ly, 

eon'ju-gate, 1 ken'ju-g§t; 2 eon'ju-gat. 

1. vt. [-qat'bd* 1 ; -cat "ma.] To give 
the modes, tenses, etc., of (a verb). II, 
a. Joined In pairs; coupled; paired.— con"- 
Ju-ga'tlon, n. 1. Conjunction; union. £• 
Gram. The Inflection of a verb. 

con-junc'tion, 1 ken-jupk'snan; 2 c8n- 
jane'shon, n. 1. A joining; combina- 
tion; league. 2. A part of speech that 
connects words, clauses, and sentences. 
3. The nearest apparent approach of 
two heavenly bodies to each other.— 
con-Junc / ti?(e 8 , a. Joining or Joined to- 
gether.— eon-Junc / ture, l ken-JUQk'cmir or 
-tiur; 2 eon-June'chur or -tur, n. 1. A com- 
bination of circumstances: Juncture; crisis. 

2. The act of joining; union. 
con"ju-ra'tion, 1 ken'ju-rS'snen; 2 con"- 

Ju-ra'shon, n. 1. A solemn invocation. 
2. An incantation; spell. 

eon'Jurei, 1 kun'jer; 2 edn'jur, vt. & vi. 
[con'jubed; con'jur-inq.] To effect or 
control by magic art; practise magic. — 
eon'Jur-er, n. A Juggler. 

con-Jure", 1 ken-jur; 2 eon-jur', v. [con- 
jured'; con-jtjr'ing.1 I, t. To appeal 
to solemnly, as in the name of God; 
adjure. II. i. To bind oneself by oath 
-with others. 

eon-nate', 1 ke-nSt'; 2 eo-nat', a. Born 
in and with one; innate; congenital. 

con-nect'd, 1 ke-nekt'; 2 cft-neet', vt. & vi. 
To join, unite, or combine; associate or 
be associated.— eon-nect'ed-ly, adv. Joint- 
ly; coherently.— con-nee' tlon, l ke-nek'- 
Shsn; 2 eo-nee'shon, n. 1. The act of con- 
necting; union; direct transfer, as by rail. 2. 
Family relationship; a relative. 3. A com- 
pany; denomination. — con-nee' tlv(e», a. 
Capable of connecting; causing or Involving 
connection, -ly, adv.— con-nec'tor, n. 

eon-nex'lon, etc. Same as connection, 

eoa'ntng'toWer, I ken'in-tau'er; 2 eon'ing- 
tow'er. n. The low shot- proof pilot-house 
of a war-vessel. 

eon-nlve', 1 ke-naiv'; 2 efi-nlv', vi. T-ntved'; 
-Niv'iNo.l 1. To encourage wrong by si- 
lence: followed by at. 2. To be in collu- 
sion: followed by with.— con-nl'vance, n. 

eon"nots-seur', 1 ken'i-sur'; 2 con'i-sur', 
n. A competent critical judge of art. 

con'no-tate, 1 ken'o-tftt; 2 e&n'o-tat, vt. A 
vi. [-TAT'ED d , -tat'ing.1 To indicate in- 
directly or by implication; opposed to do* 
note, eon -note 'J.— con'no-ta'tlon* n.— 
con-no'ta-tlv(es a. 

con-nu'bl-al, 1 ke-niu'bi-el; 2 ed-nQ'bi-al, 
a. Pertaining to matrimony; matrimo- 
nial; conjugal. 

eon'quer, l ken'ker; 2 eiSn'kSr, v. I. t. 

I. To overcome; subdue; vanquish. 2. 
To obtain as in war, or bv any conflict. 

II. i. To be victorious.— con'quer-a-bl(e*, 
a.— con'quer-or, n. 

con 'quest, 1 ken'kwest; 2 e5n'kwest, n. The 
act of conquering; the thing conquered. 

con"san-guln'e-ous, 1 ken"san-gwin'i-us; 
2 e&n'san-gwln'e-us, a. Descended from 
the same parent or ancestor.— con"san- 
guln<l-ty, n. Blood-relatlonshlp. 

con 'science, 1 ken's^ens; 2 ean'shenc, n. 
The faculty which distinguishes between 
right and wrong; moral sense.— con"scI-en'- 
tlous, 1 ken'si-en'shus; 2 cOn'sWn'shOs, a. 
Governed or dictated by conscience, -ly, adv. 
•ness, n. 

con'sclon-a-bl(ep. 1 ken'snen-e-bl; 2 e6n'- 
shon-a-bl, a. Conformable to conscience; 
right; Just.— con'selon-a-bly, adv. 

conscious, 1 ken'snus; 2 cfin'shiis, a. 1. 
Knowing one's own existence and mental 
operations. 2. Unduly self-conscious. 3. 
Cognizant; aware. 4. Present to the mind. 
— con'8clou8-ly, adv.— eon'sclous-ncss, n. 
The state of being conscious; sensation; knowl- 
edge; the power of self-knowledge. 

con-script '<*, 1 ken-skript'; 2 eon-scrfpt', 
vt. To force into military service; draft. 

con 'script, 1 kon'skript; 2 eon'serfpt. I. 
a. Registered; enrolled. II. n. One 
who is compulsorily enrolled for military 
service.— eon-serlp'iton, n. A compulsory 

- enrolment of men for military service: 

con'se-crate, 1 ken'si-krSt; 2 e8n'se-erat, 
vt. [-crat'ed"; -crat'ing.] To appropri- 
ate to sacred uses; devote; dedicate; hal- 
low.— con"se-cra'tlon, n. ..Devotion to a 
sacred purpose. 

con-sec 'u-tlv(e», 1 ken-eek'yu-tiv; 2 eon- 
see'vu-tiv, a. 1. Following in order 
without a break; successive. 2. Conse- 
quent.— con - sec'u - ti?(e - ly, adv.— con- 
sec'u-tlv(e-nees», n. 

con-sen 'su*, 1 ken-sen's us; 2 cfln-sen'sfis, 
n. A general agreement. 

con-sent', 1 ken-sent'; 2 eon-sent'. Id. vi. 
To yield voluntarily; accede; acquiesce. 
II. n. 1. A voluntary yielding; com- 
pliance. 2. Agreement; concord. 

con"sen-ta'ne-ous, 1 ken'sen-te"ni-os; 2 

1: • = final; 1 = habit; aisle; an = out; oil; la = tend; <fliin; go; n=sin#; thin, this, 
«: wolf.dn; book, btfot; full, rute, core, but, barn; oil, boy; fo, fcem; ink; *Wn, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 



eoVsen-t&'ne-us, a. Mutually 
ing; acquiescent. 

eon-sen 'iient, 1 ken-sen'sTient; 8 eon- 
sen'shent, a. Mutually agreeing. 

eon'se-quence, 1 ken'si-kwens; 2 edn'se- 
kwene, n. 1. That which naturally fol- 
lows. 2. Distinction; importance. 

con 'se-q lien t, 1 ken'si-kwent; 2 eon'se- 
kwent, a. Following as a result or con- 
clusion; logical.— eon'se-qoent-ly, adv. As 
a consequence; therefore. 

con"se-ouen'ttal, 1 kon'si-kwen'sliel; 2 
eon'se-kwen'shal, o. 1. Having or show- 
ing importance; self important. 2. Con- 
sequent, -ly, adv. 

eon-serrCe' 8 , 1 ken-surv'; 2 con-ee'rv', vt. 
[-serv(e)d' 8 ; -serv'ino.] To keep from 
loss, decay, or Injury; preserve.— courser* 
va'tlon, n. The act of conserving.— eon- 
gerra-tlsm, n. Disposition to be oonserva- 
tlve.— eon*ser'va-tlv(e 8 . I. a. 1. Adhering 
to the existing order of things; opposed to 
change or progress. 2. Conserving. II. n. 
4 conservative person.— eon'ser-va"tor, 1 
ken*B»r-veter or -ter; 2 eon'sSr-va'tor, n. 
A protector; guardian.— con-ser'va-to-ry. 
I* a. Adapted to preserve. II. n. [-ries 1 , 
j&] 1. A glazed apartment for tender 
plants. 2. A school of art or science. 

eon 'serve, 1 ken'surv; 2 con'sSrv, n. 
Fruit preserved in sugar. 

eon-sid 'er, 1 ken-sid'er; 2 c8n-sld'er, v. 
I. t. 1. To reflect upon; ponder. 2. 
To think to be; estimate; believe. 3. 
To think well of ; treat well. 4. To make 
allowance for. II. t. To think closely; 
cogitate.— con-8ld'er-a-bl(e', a. Of note- 
worthy size, quantity, or Importance; large; 
ample.— con-sld'er-a-bly, adv. To a consid- 
erable extent.— eon-sM'er-ate, 1 ken-sld'sr- 
tt;2e6n-eld'er-at,a. Exhibiting consideration: 
thoughtful; kind; prudent. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

Con-sld"er-a'tlon, 1 ken-sid'sr-e'slian; 2 
«8n-eSd'er-a'shon, n. 1. The act of con- 
sidering. 2. Thoughtful and kindly feel- 
ing or treatment. 3. A circumstance to be 
considered. 4. Something given or paid; 
remuneration. &. Importance; consequence. 

eon-sid 'er-lng, 1 ken-sid'sr-in; 2 edn- 
sfd'er-ing, prep. In view of; taking all 
things into account. 

eon-sign', 1 ken-sain'; 2 e6n-sln', vt. To 
deliver; entrust; commit.— con"stgn-ee', 1 
ken"sain-l'; 2 eon'sm-C, n. One to whom 
property is consigned.— con-slgn'ment, 1 
ken-sain'ment or -msnt; 2 eoh-em'ment, n. 
The consigning of property to a person, or 
property consigned.— con'slgn-or, 1 ken'si- 
ner' or ken-ealn'er or-er: 2 edn"si-ndr' or eon- 
STn'or, n. One who consigns or makes a con- 
signment, con-slgn'erf. 

con-slst'd, 1 ken-aist'; 2 consist', tt. 1. 
To be made up: followed by of. 2. To 
have as its substance or nature; be: fol- 
lowed by in. 3. To harmonize: followed 
by with. 4. To stand together; subsist. 

con-sis 'tent, 1 ken-sis'tent: 2 con-sfs'tent, 
a. 1. Agreeing with itself; not self-con- 
tradictory. 2. Congruous; compatible. 
3. Firmly united; solid. -If, ado.— eon- 
sls'tence, eon-sts'tea-cy, n. [-cbs* or 
-eras', pi.J 1. Harmony between things* 
acts, or statements. 2. Degree of firmness 
or density. 

con-sis 'to-ry, 1 ken-sis'to-n; 2 eftn-sls'- 
to-ry, n. [-ries«, pi] An ecclesiastical 
court.— eon'sls-to'ri-al, a. 

con-sole', 1 ken-sol'; 2 e6n-e6T, vt. [-soled'; 
-sol'ino.] To comfort; solace; cheer.— 
con-soTa-M(e p , a. That may be consoled.— 
con"so-la'tlon, n. The act of consoling, or 
the state of being consoled; something that 
comfortsor consoles.— con-soFa-tc-ry, lken- 
sel'e-to-n; 2 eon-soTa-to-ry, a. Tending to 
console. la corbelt. 

con 'sole, 1 kon'sdl ; 2 eon/sol, n. A bracket ; 

con-sol'1-dftte, 1 ken-eel'i-det: 2 eon-edi'i- 
dftt, v. [-dat'id* 1 ; -dat'ino.j 1. 1, To 
make solid or firm; unite, fl. t. To 
become united, solid, or firm,— con-soll- 
da'tton, n. 

eon-sols ', 1 ken-sols' ; 2 eon-sols/, *• P*. A 
contraction for "consolidated annuities," 
a British governmental security. 

con'som-meA 1 ken'so-mfi'; 2 eon'so-me/, 
n. Clear meat soup. 

con'so-nant, 1 ken'so-nent; 2 eSn'so-nant. 

1. a. 1. Being in harmony; consistent. 

2. Consonantal. II. n. An alphabetic 
sound not easily uttered without a vowel; 
a letter representing such a sound, -ly, adv. 
— con'so-nance, n. Agreement; accord; 
concord, eon'so-nan-cyi. 

con-sort' d , 1 ken-sort'; 2 eon-sdrt', vt. & vt. 

To join; associate. 
con 'sort, 1 ken'sert; 2 edn'sort, n. A 

companion; a husband or wife; a ship 

that accompanies another; company. 
con-spec 'tus, 1 ken-spekftus; 2 cftn-epee'- 

tus, n. A general view; summary. 
con-splc'u-ous, 1 kon-spik'yu-us; 2 e8n- 

sple'yu-us, o. Clearly visible; prominent; 

obvious; striking, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
con-spire', 1 ken-spair 7 ; 2 con-splr', vt. & vt. 

[con-spired'; con-spir'ino.] 1. To plot; 

form a conspiracy. 2. To concur.— con-spir*- 

a-cy, 1 ken-splr's-si; 2 cCn-spfr'a-cy, n. 

[-ctes*, pi.] A secret combination, especially 

for an evil purpose; plot.— con-snir'a-tor, 

n. One who engages In a conspiracy. — 

con-sptr'er, n. 


2: Srt,ape, fat t f a r e, f afit t what t s>U; me^ge^prej, fern; hit,Ico;Is=S; i=5;go,not t or,wOn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



COH'ste-bI(e*» 1 kun'st»-bl; 2 edn-ata-bl, n. 
1. A police officer. 2. Anciently, a high 
military officer.— con'sta-ble-shlp, n.— con- 
•tab'u-la-ry, 1 ken-stab'yu-le-n; 2 con-stab'- 
yu-lft-ry. I. a. Pertaining to or consisting 
of constables. II. n. [-bees*, pi.] Constables 
collectively; a military police force. 

eon'stan-ey, 1 ken'stsn-si; 2 eon'stan-cy, 
n. Steadiness; faithfulness; stability. 

cod's tan t, 1 ken'stent; 2 c5n'stant, a. 
Steady; persevering; faithful; invariable. 

con'stel-la'tlon, 1 ken'ste-1 6'shdn; 2efin f 
8t&-la'shon, n. A cluster 
of stars. 

<on"ster-na'tlon,l ken'ster- 
rnVrfhen; 2 cSn'ster-na'- 
shon, n. Sudden over- 
whelming fear. 

eon'stl-pate, 1 ken'sti-p6t; ^ „ m 
2 con'sti-pat, vt. [-PAT"EDd; Constellation. 
-pat'inq.] To fill and stop (the bowels). 

— con'sti-pa'tton, n. 
con-stlt'u-ent, 1 ken-stit'yu-ent; 2 con- 

stlt'yu-ent. y l. a. Being a constituent; 
composing. II. n. 1. One represented; 
a voter; a client. 2. A necessary part. 

— con-stlt'u-en-cy, l ken-stit'yu-en-si; 2 
eon-stlt'yu-en-cy, n. 1-cies». pi.] A body 
of constituents. • 

con'sti-tute, 1 ken'sti-tiut; 2 e6n'sti-tut, 
vt. [-TUT*ED d ; -tut'ing.] 1. To make 
up; frame; compose. 2. To establish; 
enact; appoint.— con'stt-tu'tlvCe 8 , a. Help- 
ing or having power to constitute. 

eon'sti-tu'tton, 1 ken'sti-tiQ'slidn; 2 e5n"- 
sti-tu'shon, n. 1. The act of constituting. 
2* A system of related parts; composition; 
bodily frame or temperament; the organic 
law, as of a State.— eon'stt-tv/tlon-al, a. 
Pertaining to, consistent with, or controlled 
by a constitution; lawful.— con"sti-tu' r tlon- 
all-ty, n. Accordance with a constitution; 
lawfulness.— con"8tl-tu'tion-al-ly, adv. 

con-strain % 1 ken-stren'; 2 con-stran', vt. 
To compel; urge; oblige; compress.— con- 
strained' 8 , pa. Compulsory; repressed. 

— eon-straln'ed-Iy, adv. — con-stralnt', 
1 ken-strent'; 2 eon-strant', a. Compul- 
sion; repression; embarrassment. 

con-strict 'd, 1 ken-strikt'; 2 e6n-strtct', vt. 
To compress; bind; cramp.— con-strlc'tlon, 
n. A constricting, or a constricted part.— 
eon-«trie / tlY(e s , a. Tending to constrict. 

— eon-strlc'tor, n. That which constricts; 
a serpent, as a boa, that crushes its prey. 

con-struct'd, 1 ken-strukt'; 2 eon-struct', 
vt. To put together ; build ; arrange ; make. 

— eon-struet'er. con-struc'tor, n.— eon- 
stme'tton, «. 1. The act of constructing ; a 
structure. 2. Style of building; grammati- 
cal arrangement and relation of words. 3. 

The act of construing; interpretation; mean- 
ing.— con-struc / tlv(e 8 , a. 1. Involving or 
tending to construction; positive; affirmative. 
2. Depending on inference rather than ex- 
plicit statement or established fact, -ly, adv. 

— con-struc'tiv(e-ness», n. The faculty of 
construction; mechanical ability. 

con's true, 1 kon'stru or ken-stru'; 2 cSn'- 
stru or cftn-stry', vt. & vi. [con'strued; 
con'stru'ing.] To translate; interpret; 

con'sul, 1 kon'sul; 2 cftn'siil, n. 1. An 
officer representing his country in a 
foreign port or city. 2. A chief magis- 
trate of ancient Rome, or of the French 
republic (1799-1804).— eon'su-lar, 1 ken'- 
siu-ler ; 2 eon'su-lar, a. Pertaining to a consul. 

— con'su-late, n. 1. The office or term of 
office of a consul, con'suJ-shipi. 2. The 
official place of business of a consul. 

Con-sult'd,l ken-suit'; 2 €6n-sult', r. I. U 
To ask the advice of; regard; consider. 
II. i. To ask advice; take counsel: fol- 
lowed by with.— con"sul-ta'tlon, n. The 
act of consulting; a conference. 

con-sume', 1 ken-sium'; 2 c6n-sum', vt. & 
vi. [con-sxjmed'; con-sum'ing.J To de- 
stroy or disappear gradually, as by burn- 
ing; waste; spend.— con-sum'er, n. 

con 'sum-mate, lken'su-mgt; 2 con'sii- 
mat, vt. [-MAT*ED d ; -mat'inq.J To bring 
to completion.— con-sum'mate, l ken- 
sum'it; 2 con-sam'at, a. Of the highest de- 
gree; perfect; complete, -ly, adv. — con"- 
snm-ma'tlon, n. Completion; perfection. 

con-sump 'tion, 1 ken-sump' €h an; 2 c6n- 
sump'shon, n. 1. The act or process of 
consuming. 2. Med. A wasting disease; 
phthisis — con-sum p / tl¥(e 8 . I. a. Tending 
to, causing, or affected with consumption. 
II. n. A person affected by phthisis, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

con 'tact, 1 ken'takt; 2 edn't&et, n. The 
coming together of two bodies. 

con-ta'gion, 1 ken-te'jen; 2 «6n-ta'gon, 
n. The communication of disease, as 
by contact; pestilence; plague. 

con-ta'glous, 1 ken-te'jus; 2 c8n-ta'gus, o. 
Transmissible, as a disease; catching; 
spreading; pestilential, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

con-tain % 1 ken-ten'; 2 cdn-t&n', vL 1, 
To have room for; hold; enclose. 2. To 

con- tarn '1-nate, 1 ken-tam'i-ngt; 2 c»n- 
tam'i-nat, vt. [-NAT*ED d ; -nat'ing.J To 
make impure by contact or admixture; 
taint; defile; pollute.— con-tam"l-na'tlon» 
n. A contaminating; taint. 

Con-temn',)l ken-tem'; 2 c8n-tem', vt. 

con-tem 8 , /To despise; scorn. — c on* 
tem'ner, n. 

1: • = final; is habit; crisle; on as out; oil; Ml = feud; Cnln; go; n =sln^; fhin, this, 
S: wolf, da; btbk, boot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, boy; go, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LiOOQ IC 



con 'tern-plate, 1 ken'tem-pl6t or ken-tem'- 
plfit; 2 c&n'tem-pl&t or e5n-tein'plat, vt. 
& vi. [-plat'ed* 1 ; -plat'ing.] To look 
at attentively; consider; meditate; muse. 
— con" tem-pla'tlon, n. The act of contem- 
plating; meditation.— con-tem'pla-tlv(e 8 , 
a. Given or pertaining to contemplation. 

Son-tem"po-ra'ne-ous, l ken-tem*po-r6'- 
m-us; 2 e5n-tem*po-ra'ne-us, a. Living 
or occurring at the same time, -ly, adv. 

eon-tem'po-ra-ry, 1 ken-tem'po-r6-n; 2 
cdn-tem'po-ra-ry. I. o. Contempora- 
neous. II. n. [-ries 1 , pi.] A person 
living at the same time with another or 
with others. 

con- tempt % 1 ken-tempt'; 2 cSn-t&npt', n. 
The act of despising; disdain; scorn; dis- 
regard; disgrace; shame.— con-tempt"l-blT- 
i-fy, n. con-tempt'l-bKe-nessPJ.— con- 
temptl-bl(e p , a. Deserving of contempt; 
despicable; vile.— con-tempt'1-bly, adv. — 
con-temp'tu-ous, l ken-temp / Chu-[or-tlu-] 
us; 2 edn-temp'chu-[or -tu-]fls, a. Showing, 
feeling, or expressing contempt; disdainful. 
»lft adv. -ness, n. 

con-tend ' d , 1 ken : tend' ? 2 c6n-tgnd', v. I. 
t. To maintain in argument. II. i. To 
struggle; strive; debate; dispute. 

con- tent ' d , 1 ken-tent/; 2 c6n-tent', vt. 
To satisfy.— eon-tent'ed, pa. Satisfied 
with things as they are; resigned; willing. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

con- tent', a. Contented; satisfied. 

con-tent' 1 , n. Best of mind; satisfaction; 

con 'tent*, 1 ken'tent; 2 eon'tent, n. All 
that a thing contains: usually in the plural. 

con-ten'tlon, 1 ken-ten' slien; 2 cSn-ten'- 
shon, n. The act of contending; strife; 
conflict: dispute; a matter in controversy. 

con-ten 'clous, 1 ken-ten'slius; 2 eon- 
ten'shus, a. Given to contention; quar- 
relsome, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

con-ten t'ment, 1 ken- tenement or -m ant; 
2 cftn-tent'ment, n. The state of being 

con-ter'ml-nous, 1 ken-tuVmi-nus; 2 cfin- 
teVmi-niis, a. Having a common bound- 
ary-line; coextensive, eon-ter'ml-nalt. 

con-test'S l ken-test ; 2 con-test', v. 1. 1. 
To dispute; strive to win. II. i. To con- 
tend strenuously. 

con 'test, 1 ken'test; 2 con'tesfc, n. A 
struggle; conflict.— con-tes'tant, n. One 
who contests. 

eon 'text, 1 kon'tekst; 2 cSn'tSkst, n. The 
portions associated with a passage quoted; 
connection.— con-tex'tu-al. a. -ly, adv. 

eon-tex'ture, 1 ken-teks'eliur or -tiur; 2 

efcn-teTcs'chur or -tur, n. Texture. — 
con-tex'tur-al, a. 

con-tig 'u-ous, 1 ken-tig'yu-us; 2 con-tlg*- 
yu-fis, a. Touching at the edge; ad- 
jacent, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— con"tl-gu1- 
ty, lken"ti-gla'i-ti; 2 eon"ti-gQ'i-ty, n. Near- 
ness; contact; continuity. 

con'tl-nent, 1 ken'ti-nent; 2 edn'ti-nent, a. 
self-restrained; abstinent; chaste, -ly, ado. 

— con'tl-nence, -nen-ey,n. Self-restraint; 

con'tl-nent, n. One of the great bodies 

of land on the globe.— con'tl-nen'tal, a. 
con-tin 'gent, 1 ken-tin' jent ; 2 con-tln'gent. 

1. a. Likely but not certain to occur; 
probable. II. n. 1* A contingency. 

2. A quota, as of troops, -ly, adv.— eon- 
tln'gen-cy, 1 ken-tin'jen-si; 2 cdn-tln'gen- 
cy, n. [-CIE8*, pi.] A contingent event. 

con-tln'u-al, 1 kon-tin'yu-el; 2 con-tln'- 
yu-al, a. 1. Constantly renewed; often 
repeated. 2. Continuous, -ly, adv. 

con- tin 'ue, 1 kon-tin'yu; 2 c5n-tln'yu, r. 
[-ued; -u-inq.] 1. 1. To extend or pro- 
long. II. i. To be durable; last; en- 
dure; abide; keep on; persist.— con-ttn'a- 
ance, n. The state of continuing; duration; 
succession; survival.— con-tin"u-a'tlon, n. 
The act of continuing; an addition. 

con-tin 'u-ous, 1 ken-tin'yu-us; 2 c5n- 
tm'yu-us. o. Connected without a break; 
unbroken; uninterrupted. -ly,«fp. -ness, 
n.— con"ti-nu'I-ty, l ken"ti-niu'i-ti; 2 eon"- 
ti-nu'1-ty, n. The state or quality of being 

con-tort '<*, 1 ken-tert' ; 2 c6n-tdrt', vt. To 
twist violently; wrench out of shape.— con- 
tortion, l ken-tdr'snen; 2 eon-tdr'shon, n. 
The act of contorting; writhing, as of the 
limbs.— con-tor'tiT(e 8 , a. 

con-tour', 1 ken- tur' or ken'tur; 2 c8n- 
tur' or eon'tur, n. Outline. 

con'tra-, prefix. Against; opposite; contrary: 
as, contradict, coniralndicate. 

con'tra-band, 1 ken'tra-band; 2 eon'tra- 
band. I. a. Prohibited, as by military 
law; forbidden. II* n. Contraband 
goods or trade. 

con-tract /d , 1 ken-trakt'; 2 con-tract', v. 
1. t. 1. To draw together; narrow: limit; 
shorten; condense. 2* To take; become 
affected with, as a disease. 3. To ar- 
range by contract. II. ». 1. To shrink. 
2. To make a contract.— eon-tract'ed, pa. 
-Narrow; mean; scanty, -ly, adv. -ness, **. 

— con-tract1-bI(e p , a. Capable of contrac- 
tion. con-trac / tll(e 8 t; con-trac / Mv(e a *. 

con 'tract, 1 ken'trakt; 2 cftn'tract, n. A 
formal agreement, or the writing con- 
taining it. 

1 : artistic, Art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, go ; net,er ; full,411e; but, bora, 
«: art,ape,fat,fare,fast,wb4t,j|U;me;ge^pre7,fern; hit,Ice;I=6; ^ejgo^ndt,©*,**!!. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



cOD-trae'tlon, 1 ken-trak'rfhdn; 2 e8n- 
tr&e'shon, n. 1. The act of contracting, 
or the state of being contracted. 2. 
That which is contracted. 

con-trac'tor, 1 kon-trak'ter or -tor; 2 c8n- 
trae'tbr, n. A party to a contract; one 
who works, builds, etc., under contract; a 
muscle that serves to contract. 

con"tra-dIct' d , 1 ken'tra-dikt'; 2 cftn"- 
tra-dlct', v. I. t. To deny; oppose by 
denial; be inconsistent with. II. i. To 
utter a contradiction.— con'tra-dlc'tlon, 
n. The act of contradicting; Inconsistency; 
direct negation.— con"tra-dlc'to-ry. I. a. 
Characterized by opposition; inconsistent; 
diametrically opposed. II. n. [-ribs', pi.] A 
proposition that Is the absolute denial of 
another.— con"tra-dlc'to-rl-lj r , adv.— eon"- 
tra-dlc'to-rl-ness, n. 

eon"tra-dls-tInct/ 9 1 ken*tre-dis-tinkt'; 2 
eon"tra-dis-t!nct', a. Distinct as having or 
Indicating points of contrast.— con^tra-dls- 
tlnc'tlon, n. Distinction by contrary qualities 
or by contrast.— con"tra-d!s-tin'guIsh, t*. 

cqn"tra-In'dt-cate 9 1 ken'tre-in r di-k6t; 2 
eon'tra-In'di-cfit, vt. [-cat'ed; -cat'ing.J 
Med. To indicate the contrary of.— con^tra- 
ln'dl-cant, n.— con"tra-ln"dl-ca'tlon > n. 

eon-tral'to, 1 ken-tral'to or -tral'to; 2 c6n- 
tr&l'to or -tral'to, n. 1. In singing, the 
part between soprano and tenor. 2* A 
contralto singer. 

eon'tra-ry, 1 ken'tre-n; 2 eon'tra-ry. I. o. 
Opposite; opposing; captious; perverse. 
II. n. [-ries«, pi.] One of two con- 
trary things; the opposite.— con"tra-ri'e- 
tj 9 1 kentre-rarVti; 2 eontra-rfe-ty, n. 
C-ties*, pi.] 1. The quality or state of being 
contrary. 2. Something contrary; an In- 
consistency; a contrary.— con'tra-ri-Iy, adv. 
— con'tra-rl-ness, n. — con ' tra-rl - wise* 
adv. On the contrary; on the other hand; 

•on-trast'<*, 1 ken-trast'; 2 con-trast', v. 
I* t. To compare in order to show un- 
likeness. II. i. To stand in opposition; 
show unlikeness. 

eon'trast, 1 ken'trost; 2 eon'trast, n. 
Partial unlikeness between things com- 
pared; also, the things thus opposed. 

eon"tra-vene', 1 ken'tre-vln'; 2 eon "tra- 
vel', tt. [-vened'; -ven'ing.] To pre- 
vent or obstruct.— con"tra-ventIon, n. 

eon'tre-temps', l ken "tr0-tan*;2 ed A "tre-tah ', 
n. An awkward incident. 

eon-trib'Ute, 1 ken-trib'yut; 2 con-trlb'- 

yut, V. [-UT-ED d ; -UT-ING.] I. r. To 

supply as part of a common stock; give 
in aid. of some object. II. i. To share 
to effecting a result.— con'trl-bu'tlon, n. 
The act of contributing; a gift; subscription. 

— con-trib'u-tor, n. One who contributes. 

— con-trtb'u-to-ry, a. Contributing, con* 

con'trlte, 1 ken'trait; 2 e8n'trft, a. Broken 
in spirit under a sense of sin; penitent. 
-ly, adv.— con-trl'tlon, \\ ken-trlsn'sn; 2 
eon-trish'on, n. Sincere sorrow for sin; re- 
pentance, con'trite-nessj. 

con-trive', 1 ken-traiv'; 2 eSn-trlv', vt. & 
vi. [con-trtved'; con-trtv'ing.] To 
plan ingeniously; invent; scheme; plot. 

— con-trl'Tacce, n. 1. The act of contriving. 
2. Anartifloe; stratagem; device; Invention. 

— con-triv'er, n. 

con-trol', 1 ken-tr6T; 2 c6n-tr6l'. I. vt. & 
vi. [con-trolled', con-trold*; con- 
trol'ling.] To direct; govern; influence; 
regulate ; manage. II. n. The act of con- 
trolling; influence; regulation; govern- 
ment; command.— con-troller, n. One who 
controls; an officer to examine and verify 

con'tro-ver^sy, 1 ken'tro-vur'si; 2 e8n'- 
tro-vSr"sy, n. [-bies«, pi.] Debate; dis- 
putation; dispute.— con'tro-ver'slal, 1 ken"- 
tro-vur'snal; 2 eOn'tro-vftr'shal, a. Pertain- 
ing to controversy; contentious.— con"tro- 
ver'slal-lst, ». A disputant.— con"tro-Ter'- 
slal-ly, adv. 

eon'tro-vert*, 1 ken'tro-vurt; 2 con'tro- 
v6rt, " ~ 


-cy, n. [-ciES«, pl.\ J 
stlnacy.— con"tu-ma'dou8, l kenltu-mS'- 
snus; 2 eon'tu-ma'shus, a. Rebellious; re- 
fractory, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

con'tu-me-ly, 1 ken'tiu-ml-h; 2 eon'ttt- 
ra5-ly, n. [-lies 1 , pi.] Scornful inso- 
lence.— con"tu-meTl-oii8, l kentiu-nuTu- 
us; 2 contu-mG'll-us, a. Scornfully offen- 
sive or Insolent. -Iy ? adv. 

con-tuse', 1 ken-tiuV: 2 eon-tOs', vt. 
[con-tused'; con-tus'ing.J To bruise 
by a blow.— con-tu'sloo, 1 ken-tlu'3en; 2 
eon-ta'shon, n. The act of bruising; a bruise. 

co-nun 'dram, lko-nun'drum; 2 eo-nun'- 
drum, n. A riddle; perplexity. 

con^va-lesce', 1 kon've-les': 2 eftn'va-leV, 
vi. [-lesced'*; -lesc'ino.J To recover 
after a sickness.— con"Ta-les'cence, n. 
Gradual recovery from Illness.— con^va- 
les'cent. I. a. Recovering health after sick- 
ness. II. n. One who Is convalescing. 

con-vene', 1 kon-vfn'; 2 efin-ven', v. [con- 
vened'; con-ven'ing.J I. t. To call to- 
gether; convoke. II. »'. To come to- 
gether; assemble. 

con-re'nlent, 1 kon-vln'yent; 2 e8n-veV- 
ySnt, a. Suitable; handy; commodious; 
favorable; timely.— con-ve'nlence, 1 ken- 
v In' yens; 2 eOn-ven'yeno, n. Servloeableness: 

6rt, vt. To argue against; oppose. 
i'tu-ma-cy, 1 ken'tiu-mg-si; 2 eftn'tQ- 

1: • ss final; 1 = habit; aisle; an = out; ©II; lo-f«td; lihin; go; n = sinf7; €hin t this. 
2: W9lf,dft; bdbk, bdftt; fall, rale, care, but, barn; 611, bdy; fo, ^em; ink; thin, this. 


suitableness; fltDeas; something convenient. 
eon-ve'DJen-cy J.— con-ve'nJent-ly, adv. 

eon 'Tent, 1 ken' vent; 2 edn'vent, n. A 
body of monks or nuns, or the house 
occupied by them. 

con-ven'tl-cI(er, 1 ken-vcn'ti-kl; 2 eon- 
ven'ti-el, n. A religious meeting, as of 
Scottish Covenanters. 

con-ven'tlon, 1 ken-ven'slien: 2 eon-ven'- 
shon, n. A meeting; assembly; compact ; 
general consent.— con-ven'tlon-al, a. Es- 
tablished by convention or custom; agreed; 
customary; formal. -ly, adv.— con-ven'- 
tion-al-lsm, n. Regard for conventionality. 
— eon-ven'tton-aJI-ty, w. [-ties*, pi.] The 
state of being conventional; a formality. 

con-ven'tn-al, 1 ken-ven'dhu-{or -tiu-Jel; 
2 eon-ven'chu-[or -tu-Jal, a. Belonging 
to a convent. 

con-verge % 1 ken-vuTJ'; 2 eon-verg', vt. <fe 
ti. [con-vebqed'; con-vero'ing.] To 
draw toward one point; come together by 
gradual approach.— con-ver'genee, n. — 
eon-ver'gent, a. Tending to one point. 

con'ver-sant, 1 kon'var-eant; 2 con'ver- 
sant, a. Knowing fully ; versed ; engaged ; 
concerned: followed by with or about. 

COn"ver-8a'tton, 1 kenSrsr-sS'sTien; 2 eon'- 
vfir-sa'shon, n. 1. Familiar talk; associa- 
tion; Intercourse. 21. Deportment.— eon"- 
ver-sa'tion-al, a. Pertaining to conversa- 
tion, -ly, adv. 

con-verse % 1 ken-vims'; 2 efin-vSrs', vi. 
[-versed'*, -vbrst'»; -verb'ing.] 1. To 
speak together informally and alternately. 
2'j. To associate; commune, con-vers'a- 
bKe*, a. Disposed to converse; ready in 
conversation; sociable. — con-vera'er, n. 
One who converses. 

con'verse, 1 ken'vurs; 2 eSn'vers, o. Trans- 
posed; reversed.— con' verse-Iy, adv. 

converse 1 , n. Conversation; intercourse; 
communion. [proposition. 

con'verse*, n. The reverse; an inverted 

con-ver'slon, 1 ken-vur'slien; 2 e5n-veV- 
shon, n. The act of converting, or state 
of being converted. 

con-vert '<*, 1 ken-vurt' ; 2 e6n-v«rt', vt. To 
change; transform.— con-vert'er, n. One 
who or that which converts; especially, a ves- 
sel In which iron is converted into steel. 
eon-vert 'or*. — con-verfi-bin-ty, eon- 
Ferfl-bKe-nessP, n- eon-verfr1-bl(eP, a. 
1. Capable of conversion. 2. Equivalent in 
meaning; Interchangeable.— con- vertfl-bly, 

con 'vert, 1 ken'vfjrt; 2 «6n'vSrt, n. A 
person who has been converted. 

con 'vex, 1 ken'veks; 2 eon'vgks. I. a. 
Curving outward like a segment of a 
globe or of a circle; bulging out. H. n. 


A convex surface or body; convexity. 

— con-vexl-ty, n. 1. The state of being con- 
vex. 2. A convex surface, eon-vex'ed- 
nesst; con'vex-nesst. 

con-vey', 1 ken-vg'; 2 c&n-ve/, vt. 1. To 
transport from one place to another; 
carry; transmit; communicate. 2. Law. 
To transfer, as the title to real estate. 

— con-rey'ance, l ken-vS'ans; 2 edn-ve/anc, 
n. The act of conveying; a vehicle; a deed 
transferring title.— oon-vey'anc-er, n. One 
whose business is conveyancing.— con-vey'- 
anc-lng, n. The business of preparing con- 
veyances, including the Investigation of titles. 

con-vlet' d f 1 kon-vikt'; 2 cdn-vfetf, vt. To 

prove guilty; condemn. 
con 'vie t, 1 ken'vikt; 2 eon'vfet, n. One 

found guilty of crime; a criminal. 
con-vie 'tlon, 1 ken-vik'sTien; 2 c5n-vfe / - 

shon, n. The state of being convinced or 

convicted; act of convicting; that which 

one firmly believes. 
con-vtnee', 1 ken-vins / ; 2 efln-vfnc', vt. 

[cON-VTNCED'd; CON-VlNC'lNO.] To Com- 
pel belief by argument or evidence. * 

con-vlvl-al, 1 ken-viv'i-dl; 2 con-vM-al, 
a. Pertaining to a feast; festive; jovial. 
-ly, adv.— eon-Tlv^l-all-ty, n. [vises*, pk] 
Festive merriment or Joviality. 

con-voke', 1 ken-vdk'; 2 c6n-v5k', vU 
[con-voked'*; con-vok'ing.J To call to- 
gether: summon.— eon'vo-ca'tlon, n. 1. 
The act of convoking. 2. [C-] An ecclesias- 
tical congress or council. 

con- vol ve', ) 1 ken-velv 7 ; 2 eon-vo'lv', vt, 

con-volV B , )& vi. [con-volved', con- 
volvd' 8 ; con-volv'ing.] To roll together; 
twist; turn.— con'vo-lute, l ken'vo-liut; 
2 eon'vo-lut, a. Rolled one part on another 
or inward from one side, eoo'vo-lut'edt.— 
con"vo-lu'tlon, 1 ken'vo-lnYsnen; 2 eon'- 
vo-lu'shon, n. The act of convolving; a turn; 
fold; especially, one of the folds of the brain. 

con-vol'vu-lus, 1 kon-vol'vhi-lus; 2 e6n- 
v&l'vu-lus, n. A twining herb with large 
showy trumpet-shaped flowers. 

con-voy', 1 kon-voi'; 2 eSn-vdy', vt. To 
act as convoy to; escort and protect. 

con'voy, 1 ken'voi; 2 eon'voy, n. The act 
of convoying; that which convoys or is 

con-vnlse'. 1 ken-vmV; 2 con-vtils', vt. 
{-vtjlsed'*, -vtjlst' s ; -vuls'inq.] To throw 
into convulsions; agitate violently.— con- 
vnl'ston, 1 ken-vul'slien; 2 eon-vul'shon, n. 
A violent and abnormal muscular contrac- 
tion of the body; spasm; fit; any violent 
commotion.— eon-vuravCe*, a. Producing, 
resulting from, or characterised by convul- 
sions, -ly, adv. 


S: Xrt,ape,£ftt f £&re^kst,wh^t > jill; in«, get, pr^y, fern; hlt,lce;l=6;i=e;g0,n6t t 6r > w0n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


eo'ny, 1 k6'ni; 2 cS'ny, n. [co'nibs*, pi.] 
A rabbit. eCneyt. . 

COO, 1 ku; 2 cod. I. rf. <fc w. To utter as 
the note of a dove; make love in low, mur- 
muring tones. II. n. A murmuring 
note, as of a dove. . 

COOk, 1 kuk; 2 eo*ok. I*. rf. & r*. To pre- 
pare for food by heat; do the work of a 
©ook. II. n. One who prepares food for 
eating.— cook'er, n.— cook'er-y, n. [-ies*. 
pi.] The art or practise of cooking; also, a 
place for cooking. 

eook'y, 1 kuk'i; 2 eot>k'y, «• [-ies*. pM 
A small, sweet cake, cook'eyi; cooklej. 

cool, 1 kul ; 2 cool. I. vt. & vi. To make or 
become cool or cooler. II. a. Moderate 
in temperature, feeling, or temperament; 
self-controlled; self-possessed; apathetic; 
chilling; slighting. III. n. A moderate 
temperature approaching cold.— cool'er, n. 
That which cools, as a vessel to cool liquids. 
— coolly, odp.-cool'ness, n. . 

coolie, 1 kuli; 2 eod'h, n. An Oriental 
laborer, cooly*. m 

, kQn; 2 coon, n. The raccoon. 
1 kup; 2 coop. I. trf. To confine, 
as in a coop. II. n. An enclosure for 
small animals, as fowls. 

COO'perS 1 ku'per; 2 coo'per, n. One who 
makes casks, barrels, etc.— coo'per-age, n. 
The work of a cooper, or the cost of it. 

co-op 'create, 1 ko-ep'er-§t; 2 co-6p'Sr-at, 
vi. [-at'ed* 1 ; -at'ing.1 To work to- 
gether for a common object : followed by 
tpUh — co-op"er-a'tl©n, n. Joint action; 
profit-sharing — co-op'er-a-tlv(e», a. Oper- 
ating together, by industrial cooperation, as 
for providing household supplies.— eo-op'er- 
o"tor> **• 

eo-or'dJ-nate, 1 ko-er'di-net; 2 co-dr'di- 
nat. I. vt. & vi. [-nat'ed*; -nat ing.J 
To put or be in the same rank, class, or 
order. II. 1 ko-eVdi-mt; 2 eo-dr'di-nat, 
o. Of the same order or rank; existing 
together in similar relation. III. 1 ko- 
or'di-nit; 2 eo-dr'di-nat, n. One of a num- 
ber of coordinate persons or things, -ly, 
adv.— eo-or^dl-na'tlon, n. The act of co- 
ordinating, or the state of being coordinate. 

coot, 1 kut; 2 coot, n. A rail-like aquatic 

coital, 1 ko'pel; 2 c5'- 
pal, n. A hard trans- 
parent resin used for 

eo-par?ner, lko-pfirtV 
ner; 2 co-p&rt'ner, «. 

cope, 1 kSp; 2 cop, vt. [coped*; coping.] To 
contend on equal terms: followed by with, 


cope, n. 1. Anything that arches over- 
head; a coping. 2. A long mantle, as of 
a priest. 

Co-Per 'id-can, 1 ko-pur'ni-ken; 2 eo-per'- 
ni-ean, a. Pertaining to the astronomer 
Copernicus, or to his theory that makes 
the sun the center of the solar system. 

cop'I-er, 1 kep'i-ar; 2 cop'i-er, n. A copy- 
ist: imitator. [or top course of a wall. 

cop'lng, 1 kdp'in; 2 cop'ing, n. The cap 

co'pl-ous, 1 ko'pi-us; 2 eo'pi-tis, o. 
Abundant; ample, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

cop 'per, 1 kep'er; 2 cop'er. I. vt. To 
cover with copper. II. n. A reddish 
ductile metal — cop'oer-head*, n. 1. A 
venomous North-American snake. 2. (Col- 
loq.l U. S. Hist. A Northern sympathiser 
with the Southern secessionists: in the Civil 
War (1861-1865).— cop'per-plate", n. An 
engraved plate of copper, or an engraving 
printed from it.— cop'per-y, a. Like copper. 
tp'peivas, 1 kep'ar-as; 2 cdp'er-as, n. A 




A low- 

green sulfate of iron. * green vlfrt-olj. 
►p'pice, )1 kep'is; 2 cdp'ig, n. A 

cop 'pis 8 , /growing thicket, copse*. 

cop'u-la, 1 kep'yu-la; 2 c6p'yu-la, n. A 
word uniting the subject and predicate 
of a sentence, as the present indicative of 
the verb to be. 

cop'u-late, 1 kep'yu-l6t; 2 cop'yu-lat, vt. 
& vi. [-lathed*: -lat 'ing.J To couple; 
unite.— cop"u-la'tion, n. A coupling or 
union.— cop'u-la-tlv(e», a. . 

cop'y, 1 kep'i; 2 cdp'y. 1. vt. & w. [cop'- 
ied, 1 kep'id, 2 eop'id; cop'y-ing.] To 
reproduce; imitate. II. n. [cop'ies", pi.) 
1. A reproduction; imitation; duplicate; 
one of an edition or issue. 2. A pattern 
for imitation, as manuscript to be set up 
In type.— cop'y-lst, n. One whose business 
it is to copy; also, an imitator. — cop'y- 
right". I d . vt. To secure copyright for, 
as a book. II. n. The exclusive legal right 
of authors and artists to publish and dispose 
of their works for a limited time. 

co-quet', 1 ko-ket'; 2 co-keV. vt. & vt, 
[co-QUET / TED d ; co-quet'ting.1 To de- 
'ceive with affected fondness; trifle in love. 

— eo'quet-ry, 1 kCket-n; 2 eo'kCt-ry, n. 
[-bies*, pi.) Trifling in love. — eo-ojuette', 
1 ko-ket'; 2 co-kef, n. A woman addicted 
to coquetry; a flirt.— co-quet'tlsh, a. -ly, 

cor'al, I kei^el; 2 coVal. I. a. Of or like 
coral. IT. n. A calcareous secretion of 
various marine soophytes, often forming 
reefs or islands. See cut on next page.— 
cor / al-Mn(e«, l ker'a-lln; 2 cor'a-Un, a. 
Of, pertaining to, producing, or like coral. 

— cor'al-loid, a. 
cor0>el,lker / bel;2€6rnt)el,n. Arch. 1. A 

l: aaflnal; i = hablt; aisle; cra = out; oil; ltt = f««d; «Tiin; go; d=«^' ^^ tWa - 
«: wolf,d 8 ; book, boot; ftfll, r«le, cllre, bilt,bftrn; 611, boy; to, *em; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


projecting bracket. 2. The basket-shaped 
portion of a Corinthian capital, corliett. 

cord, 1 kerd; 2 e6rd. Id. vt. 1. To bind 
with cord ; furnish with ® 

cords. 2. To pile (fire* *l 
wood) by the cord. II. } 
n. 1. A string of sev- ^ 
eral strands. 2. A mea- "^ 
sure for wood (128 cubic ^ 
feet) -cord 'age, 1 kerd'- 
J; 2 edrd'ag, n. Hopes 
and cords collectively. 

sor'date, 1 keVdet; 2 
cdr'dat, a. Bot. Heart- 
shaped, as a leaf. 

-cor 'dial, 1 keVjel or kerd'yel; 2 cdr'jal or 
cdrd'yal. I. a. Proceeding from the 
heart; kindly; hearty; encouraging; cheer- 
ing. II. n. 1. Something that invigo- 
rates. 2. A sweet and aromatic alcoholic 
liquor.— cor-dial'1-ty, n. [-ties', pi.] The 
quality of being cordial. corMlal-ness*.— 
cor'dlal-Iy, adv. 

cor 'don, 1 korMan; 2 edr'don, n. 1. An 
extended line, as of men, ships, forts, etc. 
2. An ornamental lace, ribbon, or the like. 

COr'du-roy, 1 kor'du-roi or ker'du-rei'; 
2 cdrMu-roy or cdr'du-rSy', n. A thick 
and durable cotton stuff, corded or ribbed. 
— corduroy road, a road made of transverse 
logs laid side by side. 

core, 1 kor; 2 cdr, n. The heart, as of an 
apple, containing the seeds; center; heart; 

co're-spon'dent, 1 kO'n-spen'dent; 2 
cS're-spdn'dent, n. A joint respondent, 
as in a suit for divorce. 

co"rl-an'der, 1 k5"n-an'der; 2 e5'ri-an'dSr, 
n. A plant of the parsley family, bearing 
aromatic seeds. 

Co-rin'tnl-an, 1 ko-rin' flu-en; 2 co-rfn'- 
thi-an, a. Pertaining to Corinth, in an- 
cient Greece, or to an 
order of architecture 
. marked by slender fluted 
columns with ornate cap- 

Cork, 1 kork; 2 edrk. It. 
vt. To stop with 


a cork, as a bot- 
tle. II.n.l.The 
light, porous 
bark of a tree 
(the cork* oak). ' 
2. Anything Greek Corinthian Capital 
made of cork, as **<* Base, 

a stopper for a bottle.— cork'screw", n. A 
spirally shaped Instrument for drawing corks 
from bottles.— cork'y, a. 


cor 'mo-rant, 1 ker'mo-rent; 2c6r / mo-rant, 

n. A large voracious aquatic bird; a 

glutton or avaricious person. 
corn, 1 kern; 2 edrn. vt. To preserve in 

salt or in brine. 
corn 1 , n. The edible seeds of cereal plants: 

in England, wheat, barley, rye, and oats 

collectively: in America, maize, or Indian 

corn. [tide, common on the feet. 

corn 2 , n. A horny thickening of the cu- 
cor'ne-a, 1 ker'm-e; 2 edr'ne-a, n. The 

front part of the outer coat of the eyeball. 
corned, ) 1 kornd; 2 cdrnd, a. Preserved 
cornd 8 , J by laying down in brine; as, 

corned beef. 
cor'nel, 1 keVnel; 2c6r / nel, n. A tree with 

hard, compact wood, as the dogwood. 
cor-nellan, n. Same as carnblian. 
cor'ner, 1 keVner; 2 cdr'ner. I. vt. To 

drive into a corner; make a corner in; 

secure a monopoly of. II. n. 1. An an- 

§le; recess; nook. 2. A position of em- 
arrassment or difficulty; the securing of a 
monopoly in the market with control of 
price.— cor'ner >s tone", n. A stone uniting 
two walls at the corner of a building, at or 
near the foundation. 

cor 'net 1 , 1 ker'net; 2 edr'ngt, n. A small 
wind-instrument of the trumpet class. 

cor- net's 1 ker-net'; 2 c6r-net', n. Mil. 

' [Eng,] Formerly, a cavalry officer; a 
flag or standard.— cor'net-cy, n. The rank 
or commission of a cornet. 

cor'nlce,ll keVnis; 2 cdr'nlc, n. A 

cor 'nls", /molding round the top of . a 
building or wall of a room. 

cor"nu-co'pt-a, 1 ker'niu-ko'pi-e; 2 c6r'- 
nu-e6'pi-a, n. [-as or -je, 1 -I; 2-6, pi.] 
The horn of plenty, symbolizing pros- 

co-rolla, 1 korel'e; 2 co-roTa, n. Bot. 
The inner circle or set of leaves of a flower. 

cor'oMa-ry, 1 ker'e-le-ri; 2 cdVo-15-ry, n. 
[ries*, pi.] A consequence; obvious de- 

co-ro'na, 1 ko-r5'ne; 2 co-ro'na, n. [-nas» 
or -N2B, 1 -nl; 2 -ne, pl.\ A crown or 
garland; a luminous circle; halo.— cor'o-nal, 
1 ker'o-nal; 2 cor'o-nal. I. a. Of or per- 
taining to a corona or halo, or to the crown 
of the head. II. n. A crown or garland. 
cor'o-na-ryt.— cor"o-na'tion, l fcer"o-nt'- 
slien; 2 efir'o-na'shon, n. The act or cere- 
mony of crowning a monarch. 

cor'o-ner, 1 ker'o-ner; 2 c&r'o-nSr, n. An 
officer who inquires into the cause of 
sudden or violent death of persons. 

cor'o-net, 1 ker'o-net; 2 c6ro-ngt, n. An 
inferior crown, denoting noble rank less 
than sovereign. 

l:ortistic,drt;fat,fare;fast;get,prty;Mt > poUce;obey»gO;not,6r;full,iille;biJt,b*rn. 
2: »rt,ape,fat.fai^f*^ f wb4t t gll;m«,g*t,prc7 t fern; hIt,Ice;I=S;i=e;g« f not t 6r,wAn. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


eor'po-ral, 1 keVpo^ral; 2 eor'po-ral, a. 
Belonging or relating to the body as 
opposed to the mind, -ly, adv. 

eor'po-ral, n. Mil. The lowest non- 
commissioned officer in a company. 

eor'po-rate, 1 keVpo-nt; 2 cdr'po-rat, a. 
Incorporated, or belonging to a corpora- 
tion. cor'po-ra-tl7(e a t.— cor'po-rate-ly, 
adv. 1. As a corporate body. 3. In the 
body: bodily.— cor*po-ra'tlon, 1 k§r"po- 
re'Shan; 2 eer'po-ra'shon, n. A body of 
persons legally associated for the transaction 
of business. 

cor-po're-al, 1 ker-po'n-el; 2 eor-p6're-al, 
a. Having a body; material; physical. 

— eof"po-re'l-ty, 1 kSr'po-rtVta; 2 edr'po- 
rt'l-ty, n. Corporeal existence. eor-po"re- 
all-tyt; cor-po're-ai-nesst.— cor-pc/re- 
al-ly, adv. 

corps, 1 kor; 2 edr, n. A number of per- 
sons acting together, as a section of an 

corpse, 1 kerps; 2 cdrps, n. A dead body, 
as of a human being. 

cor'pu-lent, 1 keVpiu-Ient; 2 edr'pu-Ient, 
a. Excessively fat.— eor'pu-lenee, n. cor'- 
pn-Ien-cyt.— cor'pu-Ient-ly, adv. 

cor'pus-ele, 1 keVpus-1; 2 cdr'pus-l, n. A 
minute particle or body; cell; atom. 
cor'pus-culet.— cor-pus'cu-lar, a. Of or 
pertaining to corpuscles; molecular. 

eor-raT, 1 ke-ral 7 ; 2 co-ral'. I. vt. [cor- 
ralled', cor-rald'»; cor-ral'linq.] To 
pen up. II. n. An enclosed space or 
pen for live stock. 

eor-rect', 1 ke-rekt'; 2 co-reef. I. vt. 
To make right; rectify; remedy; set right; 
punish. II. a. Free from fault or mis- 
take; true, right, or proper; accurate. 

— cor-rect'a-bl (e p , cor-rectfl-bl (e p , a.— 
eor-rec'tlon, 1 ke-rek'Shan; 2 ed-ree'shon, 
n. The act of correcting; rectification; 
amendment; improvement; punishment.— 
cor-rec'tlon-al, a. Tending to or intended 
for correction.— cor-rec'tiv(e», a. Adapted 
to correct.— cor - rectly, adv.— cor - rect'- 
ne«s, n — cor-rec'tor, n. 

cor"re-spond' d , 1 ker'i-spend'; 2 c6Ve- 
spdnd', vi. 1. To be adequate, equal, or 
like. 2. To communicate by letter. 

cor"re-spon'dence, 1 ker'i-spen'dens; 2 
eor'e-spon'dene, n. 1. Mutual adapta- 
tion; agreement. 2. Communication by 
letters; also, the letters themselves.— eor*- 
re-spon'dent. I. a. Agreeing; adapted: 
with to. II. n. One who communicates 
with another by mall or telegraph. 

eor"re-spond'lng, 1 ker'i-spend'in; 2 
eor'e-spond'ing, pa. 1. Correspondent; 
similar: with to. 2. Carrying on a cor- 
respondence: followed by with, -ly, adv. 


cor'rl-dor, 1 ker'i-der; 2 eor'i-dor, n. A 
wide gallery or passage in a building. 

cor'rl-gl-blfer, 1 kerVji-bl; 2 eort-gi-bl, a. 
Capable of being corrected 

cor-rob'o-rate, 1 ke-reb'o-r€t; 2 eo-rob'- 

O-rfit, Vt. [-RAT'EDd; -RAT'iNG.] To 

strengthen, as conviction or proof; confirm. 

— cor-rob"o-ra'tlon, n. The act of cor- 
roborating; confirmation.— cor - rob'o - ra- 
tlvCe 8 , a. Tending to confirm; verifying. 

cor-rode', 1 ke-rod'; 2 co-rod', vt. & vi. 
[-ROD'BDd; -rod'ing.] To eat away grad- 
ually; be eaten away; rust.— cor-ro'sion, 1 
ke-ro'38n; 2 ed-rO'zhon, «. Gradual decay. 

— cor-ro'sIv(e», 1 ke-ro'siv; 2e6-ro'siv. I. 
a. Having the power of corroding. II. n. 
That which corrodes; a corroding agent, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

cor'ru-gate, 1 ker'u-gSt; 2 coVu-gfit. I. 
vt.& vi. [-GAT'EDd; -oat"ing.1 To con- 
tract into ridges and furrows; wrinkle. 
II. a. Wrinkled, cor'ru-gafedj.- cor*- 
ru-ga'tlon, n. The act of corrugating; a 

cor-rupt', 1 ke-rupt'; 2 co-rupt'. Id. vt. 
& vi. To subject to decay; spoil; putrefy; 
vitiate; deprave; pollute; pervert, as by 
bribery. II. o. 1. Decomposing; taint- 
ed; putrid. 2. Given to bribery; dis- 
honest; depraved.— cor-rapt'er, cor-rap'- 
tor, n — cor-rapt"l-hil1-ty, n. The quality 
of being corruptible.— cor-rapt'I-bl(e p 2 a. 
THat may be corrupted. — cor-rupti-bl(e- 
ness?, n.— cor-ruptl-bly, adv.— cor-rup'- 
tl?(e», a. Of a corrupting character.— cor- 
rapt'ly, adv.— cor-rupt'ness, n. 

cor-rup'tion, 1 ke-rup'sTien; 2 eo-rtip'- 
sh9n, n. The act of corrupting; rotten- 
ness; decay; dishonesty; bribery. 

cor'sage, 1 keVsij; 2 cdr'sag, n. The 
bodice or waist of a woman's dress. 

cor'sair, 1 ker'sar; 2 cdr'sar, n. A pirate, 
or his vessel. 

corse, 1 kers; 2 cdrs, n. 1. A ribbon. 2* 
A corpse. 

corselet, 1 kerslet; 2 cors'lfit, n. The 
complete armor of a soldier; also, a breast- 

cor 'set, 1 keVset; 2 edr'sSt, n. A close* 
fitting laced bodice, worn as a support, 
usually by women. 

cor-tegV, 1 ker-tetf; 2 edr-tfish', n. A train 
of attendants. 

cor'tt-cal, 1 ker'ti-kel; 2 cdr'ti-eal, a. Of, 
pertaining to, or like bark; external. 

co-run Mum, 1 ko-run'dum: 2 co-rttn'- 
dum, n. An extremely hard mineral, an 
oxid of aluminum, of which the inferior 
varieties are used for polishing and the 

1: •== final; i = habit; aisle; an = out; oil; 10 = feud; diin; go; rj=sin#; thin, this. 
S: wolf, do,; book, boot; full, rule, pure, but, burn; 611, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


finely colored as gems. Emery is the 
granular variety. 

cor'us-cate, 1 ker'us-ket; 2 eoVus-eat, vi. 
[-CAT"BDd; -catInqJ To sparkle.— eor"us- 
ca'tton, n. A burst of sparks. 

COF-vette', 1 ker-vet'; 2 eor-veV, n. A 
wooden wax-vessel, eor'vett. 

cor 'vine, 1 keVvin; 2 cdr'vin, a. Of or 
pertaining to a crow; crow-like. 

eo'sey, a. Same as cozt. cosy;. 

cos-met 'lc, 1 kez-met'ik; 2 cos-meVie. I. 
a. Pertaining to the art of oeautif ying 
the complexion, eos-metl-cali. II. n. 
A compound applied to the skin to improve 
its appearance. 

cos"mo*pol'l-tan, 1 kez'mo-pel'i-ton; 2 
eos'mo-pol'i-tan. I. a. Common to all 
the world; at home in all parts of the 
world; widely distributed. II. n. A 
citizen of the world. cos-mop'o-lltet. 

cog'mos, 1 koz'mes; 2 e6§'mds, n. The uni- 
verse as a svstem; any complete system. 

Cos 'sack, lkes'ak;2e6s'ak. n. One of a race 
Inhabiting S. E. Russia, supplying irregular 
cavalrymen to the Russian army. 

cos 'set, lkes'et; 2e6s'et. Id. vt. To fon- 
dle; pet. II. n. A pet lamb; any pet. 

cost, 1 kest; 2 cost. I. vt. [cost; cost'- 
ing.J To require as a price; cause the 
loss of, as of life. II. n. The price paid 
for anything; outlay; expense; charge. 

cos'tal, 1 kes'tal; 2 eds'tai, a. Of, per- 
taining to, on, or near a rib. 

COS'tlv(e* ( 1 kes'tiv; 2 c6s'tiv, a. Consti- 
pated. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

costly, 1 kest'h; 2 eost'ly, o. Of great 
cost; expensive.— costll-ness, n. 

jos'tume, 1 kes'tium; 2 cSs'tfim, n. Dress, 
especially of a country, period, class", etc. 

cot, 1 ket; 2 c6t, n. 1. A cottage. 2. A 
light, portable bedstead. 3. A cover, as 
of kid, for an injured finger, [n sous, etc. 

co-t*m"po-ra'ne-ous, etc. See contempoba- 

CO"te-rfe', 1 ko"ta-ri'; 2 eo'te-re', n. A set 
of persons who meet habitually; a clique. 

co-ter'mi-nous, a. Same as conterminous. 

co- til Hon, 1 ko-til'yen; 2 co-tll'yon, n. A 
square dance; also, the music for it. 

cot 'tare, 1 kot'ij; 2 cot'ag, n. 1. A hum- 
ble dwelling; small house; hut. 2. [U. 
S.l A country residence.— cot'tag-er, n. 
The occupant of a cottage.— cot'ter, n. A 
cottager; farm tenant, cot'tarj; cotf tl-erj. 

COt 'ton, 1 ket'n; 2 cot'n. n. 1. The soft, 
fibrous material appendant to the seeds 
of a plant (the cotton-plant); also, the 
plane itself. See illus. in next column. 2. 
Cotton cloth or thread.— cot 'ton •gin", n. 
A machine used to separate the seeds from 
the fiber of cotton. 

a. the boll ready for 


cofy-Ie'don, 1 ket'-*-U'den; 2 edfy-leA 
don, n. A seed-leaf, or first leaf of an em- 
bryo.— cot " y -led'o- 
nous, 1 ketVled'o- 
nus; 2 eot'y-led'o- 
nus,a. Of , pertaining 
to, or like cotyledons. 
cofy-led'o-nal*. 4 

couch*, 1 kaudh; 2 
couch, v. 1. 1. 1. To 
lay down; lower, as 
a spear, for attack. 
2. To express in a 
form of words. 3. 
Surg. To remove, 
as a cataract. II. t. 
To lie down; rest; 

couch, n. A bed or 
other support for 
sleeping or reclining. 

cou'gar, 1 ku'ger; 2 eu'gar, n. The puma. 

coughs > 1 kef ; 2 cdf, v. I. t. To expel by 

cof*, J a cough: with up. II. ». To 
expel air from the lungs with a sudden, 
harsh sound. 

cough, n. A sudden, harsh expulsion of 
breath; a disease productive of coughing. 

could, 1 kud; 2 cud, imp. of can 1 , v. 

cou-lomb', 1 ku-lem'; 2 cy-lom', n. The 
practical unit of quantity in measuring 
electricity; the amount conveyed by one 
ampere in one second: named from Cot*- 
lomb, a French physicist (1736-1806). 

counter, n. Same as comer. 

coun'cll, 1 kaun'sil; 2 coun'cil, n. An as- 
sembly for consultation.- coun'cfl-man, 
coun'cil-or, n. A member of a council. 

coun'sel, 1 kaun'sel; 2 coun's61. I. vt. & 

VI. [-SELED Or -SELLED, -8ELD 8 ; -SEL-INQ or 

-sel-linq.] To consult ; admonish ; advise ; 
deliberate. II. n. 1. Mutual consulta- 
tion; opinion; advice; purpose; prudence. 
2. An advocate — coun'sel-or, 1 kaun'sel- 
»r or -er; 2 eoun'sel-or, n. One who gives 
counsel; a lawyer; advocate, coun'sel-lort. 

count d , 1 kaunt; 2 count, v. 1. 1. 1. To 
number; compute. 2. To consider to be; 
judge. 3. To ascribe: with to. II. t. 
t. To numher. 2. To be important. 3. 
To rely: with on or upon. 

count 1 , 1 kaunt; 2 count, n. The act of 
counting; number; estimation; n separate 
charge, as in an indictment. [Europe. 

count 2 , n. A nobleman of continental 

coun'te-nance. 1 kaun'ti-nans; 2 eoun'te- 
nanc. -I. vt. [-nanced*; -nanc-ing.] To 
approve; encourage; abet. II. n. The 
face; expression; aspect; approval; sup- 

1: artistic, art; flit, fire; fast ; get, prey; bit, police; obey,g6; not,er; full, rale; but, bora. 
9- art, upe, f it,f are, fast, what, ail ;in€, g*t, pre,y, fern; hIt,Ice;I=0;i=e;gO,n6t,ox,wOn t 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


coun'ter, 1 kaun'tsr; 2 coun'tfir, a. Con- 
trary; opposing. 

count'er 1 , 1 kaunt'dr; t eount'6r, n. One 
who counts; a counting-machine; a piece 
of wood, ivory, etc., used in counting. 

coun'ter*, n. A table on which to count 
money or expose goods for sale. 

coun'ter 8 , n. 1. An opposite; a parry; 
return blow. 2. The portion of a shoe 
that surrounds the heel. 

eoun'ter, adv. Contrary; reversely. 

counter-, prefix. Contrary; opposite; as. 
counteract, counterpart. 

eoun"ter-act' d , 1 kaun'tar-akt'; 2 coun*- 
tSr-act', vt. To oppose; check; frustrate; 
hinder.— counter-ac'tlon, n. 

coun'ter-barance, 1 kaun'tar-bal'ens; 2 
eoun'ter-bal'anc. I. vt. [-anced*; -anc- 
ing.] To oppose with an equal force; 
offset. II. n. Any power equally op- 
posing another; a counterpoise. 

eoun'ter-felt, ) 1 kaun'tar-fit; 2 coun'tSr- 

COUn'ter-fit», /fit. I<*. vt. To make fraud- 
ulently, as money; imitate deceitfully; 
feign; pretend. II. o. Fraudulently imi- 
tated; spurious. III. n. Something 
spurious, as a counterfeit coin; also, any 
Imitation, as a portrait or copy.— coun'ter- 
felt-er, n. One who counterfeits money; a 

eoun"ter-mand', 1 kaun'tar-mand'; 2 
eoun'ter-mand'. I«. vU To revoke, as an 
order; contradict; oppose. II. n. An or- 
der contrary to or revoking one previously 

coun"ter-march', 1 kaun'ter-morcV; 2 
eoun'ter-m&rch'. I*, vt. & vi. To 
march back. II. n. A return march; 
change of front or of conduct, etc. 

eoun'ter-pane", 1 kaun'tar-pen'; 2 coun'- 

ter-pan', n. A coverlet or quilt. 
wn'ter-parf, 1 kaun'ter-part': 2 < 
tSr-p&rt , n. 1. A facsimile; dupl 


v , «i coun'- 
. duplicate. 

2. Something corresponding reversely, as 

the right hand to the left; a complement; 

eoun'ter-polse', 1 kaun'tar-pois'; 2 

eoun'ter-pois'. I. vt. [-poised'; -pois'- 

xng.] To offset with an equal weight; 

counterbalance; frustrate. II. n. A 

counterbalancing weight, effort, power, 

etc.; equilibrium. 
coiro'ler-slgn", 1 kaun'ter-sain"; 2 eoun'- 

tSr-sfn\ I. vi. To authenticate by an 

additional signature. II. n. A secret 

password; watchword. 
COfint'ess, 1 kaunt'es; 2 count'es, n. The 

wife of a count, or, in Great Britain, of an 



counting 'house", n. An office for ac- 
counts. count'lng*room":. 

countless, 1 kaunt'les; 2 eount'ies, a. 
That can not be counted. 

coun'trl-fy, 1 kun'tn-fai; 2 eun'tri-fl, vt. 
[-pied; -pt'ino.] To make rural or rustic. 

coun 'try,) 1 kun'tn; 2 eun'try. I. a. Of 

cun'try p ,j or pertaining to the country; 
rural; rustic; simple; unpolished. II. n. 
[coun'tbies*, pl.J 1* A region or nation; 
district; tract of land; native land. 2* 
With the definite article, a rural region.— 
coun'try •dance", n. A dance In which the 
partners are ranged In opposite lines.— 
country-man, n. [-hen, pl.\ One living in 
the country or In the same country; a rustic; 
a fellow citisen.— coun'tryseat", n. A 
dwelling or mansion in the country.— coun'- 
try-wo"man, n. 

coun'ty, 1 kaun'ti; 2 coun'ty, n. [coun'- 
tie8 x , pi] A civil division, as of a state; 
also its inhabitants. 

coup, 1 ku ; 2 cu , n. A sudden telling blow ; 
a master-stroke; stratagem, — coup d e 
grace, 1 ku da grfis; 2 eu de grac, the finish- 
ing or mortal stroke; literally, a stroke of 
mercy.- c. d*e*tat\ 1 W detfl'; 2 c\i de> 
ta', a sudden stroke of policy or statesman- 
ship, often accompanied by violence. 

cou"pe', 1 ku*p€'; 2 «y"pc/t n. A low 
close carriage, 

couple, 11 kup'l; 2 eupl. I. vt. & vi. 

cup'l p , J [coupled, ctjp'ld*; coup'uno.] 
To join; place together in a pair; connect; 
unite. II. n. Two of a kind; a pair. 

couplet,) 1 km/let; 2 euplSt, n. Two 

cup 1et P , J successive lines of verse riming 

cou'pon, 1 ku'pen: 2 cu'pon, n. A de- 
tachable portion of a bond, ticket, or the 

courtage, 1 1 kur'ij ; 2 cuVag, n. Intrepid- 
cur 'age, Jity, calmness, and firmness in 
face of danger; bravery.— cou-ra'geous* 
1 ku-rCJus; 2 eu-rft'gus, a. Having or show- 
ing courage; brave; Intrepid, -ly, adv. 

cou'ri-er, 1 ku'n-ar; 2 cu'ri-er, n. A mes- 
senger; also, a traveling attendant. 

course, lkors; 2 core. I.vt.&ri. [coursed*; 
coubs'inq.] To run, or cause to run; 
hunt; chase. II. n. The act of moving 
onward; path; direction; series or se- 
quence, as of events; career; line of con- 
duct; portion of a meal served at once: 
a row or layer.— cours'er, n. A fleet and 
spirited horse. 

court, 1 k5rt; 2 c5rt. I d . vt. & vi. To woo; 
seek; solicit. II. a. Of or pertaining to 
court. III. n. 1. A judicial tribunal, or 
the judge or judges. 2. The residence, or 

1: » = final; l = habit; aisle; an = out; ell; lu = fsud; cTiln; so; n = sin/7; thin, this. 
* wolf, do/, book, boot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; oil, boj; fo, *em; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


the council and retinue, of a sovereign. 
3. A courtyard or a blind alley. 4. 
Obsequious attention.— courtfU-ness, n.— 
courtly, a. Of or befitting a court; ele- 
gant In manners — court martial [courts 
martial, pi.), a court to try offenses against 
military or naval law.— court' *plas"ter, n. 
A thin, fine adhesive plaster.— court'ship, 
n. The act or period of wooing.— court'- 
yard", n. An enclosed yard adjoining or 
within a building. 
cour'te-ous, \ 1 kuVti-us; 2 curte-us, a. 
cur'te-us 8 , /Showing courtesy; polite. 

-ly, adv. -ness, n. 
cour'te-san, n. Same as courtezan. 
courte'sy, ) 1 kurt'si; 2 cftrt'sy, vi. [-sied; 
curte'sy 8 , / -sy-ino.] To make a courtesy. 
courte'sy', n. [-sies«, pi] An old-time 
gesture of civility or respect, somewhat re- 
sembling a bow, made by women ; a curtsy. 
cour'te-sy 3 , 1 kur'ti-si; 2 cOr'te-sy, n. 
[-8IE8 8 , pi] Genuine politeness; courtli- 
ness; a courteous favor or act. cur'te-syt. 
cour'te-zan, 1 kur'ti-zan; 2 eur'te-zan, n. 

A prostitute. 
court 'ler, l k5rt'yar; 2 cdrt'yer, n. A 

member of the court circle. 
cous'ln, 1 kuz'n; 2 eus/n, n. The child of 
an uncle or aunt, or a descendant of one 
so related. [recess. 

cove, 1 kov; 2 c5v, n. A small bay or 
cov'e-nant, ) 1 kuv'i-nont; 2 c6v'e-nant. 
cuv'e-nant p , J I. vt. & vi. To promise; 
pledge oneself. II. n. An agreement; 
compact.— cov'e-nant-er, n. One who en- 
ters into a covenant, cov'e-nant-ori. 
COV'er, 11 kuv'ar; 2 cdv'er. I.vt.&vi. 
CUV'er p ,J 1. To overspread; overlay; en- 
wrap; hide; screen; command, as with 
a weapon. 2. To suffice or compensate 
for. 3. To accomplish; pass over, as a 
distance. II. n. 1. That which covers; 
a veil or disguise; a shelter, as a thicket; 
defense; protection. 2. Table furniture 
for one person.— cov'er-lnff, n. Anything 
that covers. — cov'er-let, n. A bedquilt. 
cov'ert, ) 1 kuv'ert; 2 cdv'Srt. I. a. Oon- 
cuv'ert p , /coaled; secret; sheltered. II. n. 

A hiding-place, as a thicket, -ly, adv. 

cov'er-ture, 1 kuv'ar-cliur or -tiur; 2 c6v'- 

er-chur or -tur, n. Marriage; legal state 

of a married woman. 

cov'etd, ) 1 kuv'et; 2 edv'gt, vt. & vi. To 

CUV 'et*, J desire wrongfully or eagerly; 

crave.— cov'et-ous, a. Inordinately eager 

to acquire and possess; avaricious, -ly, adv. 

-ness, n. [flock, as of quails. 

cov'ey, cuv'ey*, 1 kuv'i; 2 cdv'y, n. A 

' 129 

cow, 1 kau; 2 cow, vt. To overawe; in- 
timidate, [of some other animals. 

cow, n. The female of domestic cattle and 

cow'ard, 1 kau'ard; 2 cow'ard, n. One 
lacking in courage; a craven; poltroon. 
— cow'ard, a. Cowardly.— cow 'ard-lee, 
1 kau'erd-is; 2 eow'ard-Ic, n. Unworthy ti- 
midity.— cow'ard-li-ness, n.— cow'ard-ly. 
I. a. Like or befitting a coward; fearful; 
timorous; pusillanimous. II. adv. In a cow- 
ardly manner. 

cow'er, 1 kau'er; 2 cow'gr, vi. To crouch 
tremblingly; quail. 

cow'herd", 1 kau'hurd'; 2 cowherd*, n. A 

cow 'hide", 1 kau'haid*; 2 cow'hTd'. I. vt. 
[cow'hid'edo; cow'hid'ing.1 To whip as 
with a cowhide. II. n. The hide of a 
cow, or a whip made from it. 

cowl, 1 kaul; 2 cowl, n. A monk's hood. 

co- work 'er, 1 ko-wurk'ar; 2 co-wurk'er, 
n. A fellow worker. 

cow 'slip", 1 kau'slip'; 2«ow'slIp\n. A wild 
flower of the primrose 

cox 'comb", 1 koks'- , 
k5m"; 2 cSks'cfim*, 

1. A pretentious fop. ' 

2. Same as cocks- 
cox 'swain, 1 kek'swen 

or (naut.) kok'sn; 2 
cSk'sw&n or (jiaut.) Cowslip, 

efik'sn, n. One who steers or has charge 
of a rowboat. 

coy, 1 koi; 2 coy, a. Shrinking from no- 
tice; shy; coquettish, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

CO-yo'te, 1 ko-yo'ti or kai'6t; 2 co-yo'te or 
cl'ot, n. The prairie*wolf of the western 
United States. 

coz'en, ) 1 kuz'n; 2 cdz'n, vt. & vi. To 

cuz'en*, /cheat. 

co'zy, 1 ko'zi; 2 c6'zy, a. [co'zi-er; co'zi- 
est.J Snugly comfortable; contented; 
sociable, cosy*.— co'zl-Iy, co'sl-ly, adv. 

craal, n. Same as kraal. 

crab*, 1 krab; 2 crab, n. 1. A MM ooted 
crustacean having the abdomen or tail 
folded under the body. 2. [C-] A con- 
stellation. Cancer. 

crab 2 , n. 1. A kind of small, sour apple. 
crab' «ap"ple;. 2. A tree bearing this fruit. 

crab 'bed, 1 krab'ed; 2 erab'fid, o. Sour- 
tempered; harsh; sour; cramped and ir- 
regular, -ly, adv. -ness,*. 

crack, 1 krak; 2 cr&k. I*. vt. & vi. To 
burst; split; break open; snap; tell with 
spirit. II. n. A partial breakage; a fis- 
sure; a sharp sound; a sounding blow. 
— erack'er, \ krak'ar; 2 erak'er, n. A 

1 : artistic, art; fat, fare; fast ; get, prey; hit, police ;obey,g6; net,er; foil, rule; but, born. 
3: art,ape,fat,fare,fast,wbat,aU^ 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 


■ thing .that crooks; a firecracker; 
a thin, brittle biscuit. 

crackle*, 1 krak'l; 2 er&k'l. I. vt. & vi. 
[crack'l(e)d*; crack'wnq.] To crack 
slightly and repeatedly. II. n. A suc- 
cession of light, cracking sounds; a small 
crack; a network of fine cracks, as on 
china — crackling, 1 krak'hn; 2 erak'llng, n. 
1. A crackling sound. 2. The crisp browned 
skin of roasted pork. 

era'dle, 1 krfi'dl; 2 cra'dl. I. vt. & vi. [cra'- 
dlbd; cra'dling.1 1. To put into or rock 
in a cradle; soothe; nurse; nurture. 2* 
To reap or wash with a cradle, as wheat 
or ore. II. n. 1. A rocking or swinging 
bed for an infant; birthplace; origin. 2. 
A scythe with fingers that catch the grain 
when cut. 3. A frame for sustaining a ves- 
sel. 4. A box on rockers for washing ore. 

emft» 1 kraft; 2 craft, n. -1. Cunning or 
skill; trickery. 2. A trade, or those em- 
ployed in it. 3. A vessel; also, collec- 
tively, vessels.— craftl-ly, adv.— crafti- 
ness, n.— erafts'man, n. [-men, pi.] A 
skilled mechanic— craft'y, 1 kraft'i; 2 
eraffy, a. Skilful In deceiving; cunning. 

crag, 1 krag; 2 crag. n. A rough, steep 
rock.— crag / ged,a. Having numerous crags. 

cram, 1 kram; 2 er&m, vt. & vi. [crammed, 
cbamd"; cram'ming.] To press together; 
eat greedily; stuff; crowd; overfill. 

cramp 1 * 1 kramp; 2 cramp. I*, vt. To 
fasten with a cramp. II. n. A bent iron 
for binding two pieces firmly together. 

cramp*. I*, vt. To affect with cramps. II. n. 
An involuntary, sudden, painful, muscular 

cran / ber /f ry» 1 kran'- 
ber'i; 2 cran'ber'yt 
n. [-R1ES", pi.] The 
bright 'scarlet acid 
berry of a marshy 
plant, or the plant 

crane 1 , lkreh; 2eran, 
n. A large long* 
legged heron»like 
blnf- cranes cf. To 
stretch out (the neek) as a crane does. 

CianeS n. A hoisting-machine with swing- 
ing arm; a support for kettles in a fire- 
place.— cranes, vt. To raise by or as by 
a crane. 

Cra'nl-um, 1 kre'ni-um; 2 cr&'ni-um, n. 
[cra'ni-a, pi.] The skua.— en'nl-al, a. 

Crank, 1 krank; 2 er&nk, a. Unsteady; 
easily capsized; shaky; lively. 

crank, n. 1. A bent arm attached to an 



axis, or a bent portion of an axle, for con* 
verting rotary into reciprocating motion, 
or vice versa. 2. [Colloq.,U. S.l An un- 
balanced person; a monomaniac.— crank'y, 
a. Crooked; unsteady; rickety; 
mentally unbalanced. 

cran'ny, 1 kran'i; 2 er&n'y, n. 
[cran'nies", pi.] A narrow 
opening; fissure. 

crape, 1 krep; 2 crfip, n. A thin 
gauze-like fabric, crepe?. 

craps, 1 kraps; 2 er&ps, n. pi. __ 

[Slang.] A gambling game crank, 
played with two dice. 

crash*, 1 kra&b; 2 er&sh, vt. & vi. To break 
with a sharp, sudden noise. 

crash 1 , n. A loud noise of sudden break- 
age; destruction; ruin. [toweling. 

crash 1 , n. A coarse linen fabric, as for 

crate, 1 krSt: 2 crat. I. vt. [crat'ed 4 ; 
crat'ing.J To put in a crate. II. n. A 
large hamper or framework for trans* 
porting various articles. 

cra'ter, 1 krS'tar; 2 cra'ter, n. The bowl* 
shaped outlet of a volcano, [neck-cloth. 

era-Tat % 1 kre-vat'; 2 era-vat', n. A 

crave, lkrev; 2crav, v. [craved; crav'- 
ing.1 I. t. To beg for; long for. II. ». 
To desire or entreat humbly or seriously: 
with for. 

cra'ven, 1 krS'vn; 2 era'vn. I. a. Cow- 
ardly. II. n. A base coward, -ly, adv. 

cra"ven-ette', 1 krs"vn-et'; 2 erfi'vn-et', n. 
A water-proofed woolen cloth used for outer 

craw, 1 kro; 2 era. n. The first stomach, 
or crop, of a bird. 

craw 'fish", 1 kre'fisV; 2 era/fish", n. A 
small fresh-water lobster»like crustacean. 

crawl, 1 krol; 2 cral, vi. To move as a 
worm; move slowly; creep.— crawling* 
ly, adv. [crawfish. 

cray'flsli", 1 kre'fisV; 2 cra'flsh', n. A 

cray'on, 1 kre'en; 2 cra'on, n. A pencil, 
as of charcoal or prepared chalk, for draw- 
ing; a drawing made with crayons. 

erase, 1 krez; 2 craz. I. vt. & vi. [crazed*; 
craz'ing.J 1. To make or become insane. 
2. To crackle, as pottery. II. n. 1. 
Mental disorder; freak of fashion; a ca- 
price. 2. A flaw in the glaze of pottery. 
— erased, a. 1. Insane. 2. Cracked, as 
glaze.— crazl-ly, adv.— crazl-ness, n.— 
eru'y, a. [craz'i-er; craz'i-bst.] 1. In- 
sane. 2. Dilapidated; rickety. 

creak, 1 krik; 2 cr€k. I*, vt. & vi. To 
make, or cause to make, a creak. II. n. 
A sharp, squeaking sound, as from fric- 
tion— creak'y, a. Apt to creak; creaking. 

cream, 1 krfm; 2 erem. I. vt. & vi. To 

1: • as final; i = habit; aisle; on = out; eH; la = f*tid; ifhin; go; n=sin£; €hin, this. 
% wolf,dg; bdbk, WRtt; lull, rale, care, but, barn; 611, boy; fo, *em; ink; thin, tblft 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


akim cream from or supply cream to; be 
covered with cream. 11. ft. A gathering 
of fatty globules on the surface of milk; 
the choicest or best part of anything. 
— cream 'er-y, ft. (-res*, pL] A place tor 
cream; a butter-making establishment. — 
cream 'y, a. Like or containing cream. 

crease, 1 krls; 2 crfis, vt. [creased*, 
cbbastb; creab'ing.] .To make a crease 
or wrinkle in. [or the like. 

crease 1 , n. The mark of a wrinkle, fold, 

crease 3 , n. Same as crbesb. 

cre'a-sote, n. Same as creosote. 

cre-ate', 1 krl-et' ; 2 cre-at', vt. [cRB-AT'ED d ; 
cre-at'inq.] To bring into existence; 
make out of nothing; originate; produce; 
occasion; appoint.— ere-a'non, l krt-6'sndn; 
2 erfi-a'shon, n. The act^f creating; that 
which is created; the universe.— cre-a'- 
tlv(e B , a. Having the power to create; 
productive — cre-a'tor, n. One who creates; 
[O-l, God as the maker of the universe.— 
erea'ture, 1 krt'cnur or -tiur; 2 crfi'chur or 
-tQr, n. A living being; a dependent; tool. 

creche, 1 krfisn; 2 erech, n. 1. A public day- 
nursery. 2. A foundling-asylum. 

ere'dence, 1 krl'dens; 2 ere'denc, n. Belief. 

ere-den'tlal, 1 kri-den'sliel; 2 crfi-den'shal, 
n. That which certifies one's authority 
or claim to confidence. 

cred'l-bl(e*, 1 kred'i-bl; 2 crftd'i-bl, a. 
Capable of being believed; worthy of ac- 
ceptance.— eredl-bfll-ty, n. The state or 
quality of being credible; trustworthiness. 
cred1-bi(e-ne8S p t.— credl-My, adv. 

cred'It, 1 kred'it; 2 cr&I'it. Id. vt. To 
give credit to or for; believe. H. n. 1. 
Belief; trust; character; repute; honor. 2. 
Time allowed for payment; amount in 
one's favor, or the record of it.— ered"It-a- 
M11-ty,n. credlt-s-bKe-nessrt.- cred'- 
lt-a-M(e p ,a. Deserving credit; praiseworthy; 
meritorious.— cred'it-a-bly, adv.— credi- 
tor, n. One to whom another owes money. 

cred'u-tous, 1 kred'yu-lus; 2 cred'yu-lus, 
a. Apt or disposed to believe on slight 
evidence, -ly, adv.— cre-dull-ty, 1 kn- 
diQ'h-ti; 2 ere-dQ'U-ty, ». Readiness to be- 
lieve on Inadequate evidence, cred'u-lous- 

creed, 1 krid; 2 cred, n. A formal sum- 
mary of religious belief; doctrine. 

creek, 1 krlk; 2 erek, n. A small inlet or 

creel, 1 krll; 2 erfil, n. A fishing-basket. 

creep, 1 krip; 2 erep, vi. [crept, 1 krept, 
2 erept; creep'inq.] 1. To move as a 
serpent; crawl; move slowly or stealthily. 
'*. To show servility; cringe.— creep'er, n. 
One who or that which creeps; a creeping or 
climbing plant. 

creese, 1 kits; 2 crfis, n. , A Malayan dagger 

with a waved blade. 
cre-mateM krl-met'; 2ere-mat', vt. [-mat / - 

E© d ; -mat'inq.1 To burn up; reduce to 

ashes.— cre-ma'tlon, ».— cre'ma-to-ry, n. 

[-bibs', pi.] A place for cremating dead 

cre'nate, 1 krl'net; 2 crS'nat, a. Scalloped 

or toothed, as a leaf, cre'nat-edj. 
cre'ole, 1 krl'61; 2 crfi'ol, n. A native of 

Spanish America, or of the West Indies, 

of European parentage. 
ere'o-sote, 1 krl'o-aot; 2 crg'o^s5t, ft. An 

oily liquid of smoky odor distilled from 

crep'i-tate, 1 krep'i-t6t; 2 crepl-t&t, vi. 

[-TAT'Er/ 1 ; -tat'inq.J To make a succes- 
sion of light crackling sounds; crackle. 

— crepf-tant, a.— crep*l-ta'tion, n. 
crept, l krept; 2 crept, imp. of creep, v. 
cres-cen'do, 1 kre-siien'do or kre-sen'do; 

2 crfi-shen'dp or cre-sSn'do, a. Slowly in- 

xeasing in loudness or power. 
cres'cent, 1 kres'ent; 2 eres'ent. 

I. a, 1. 


1. A comb oi 

Increasing, as the new moon, i 
2. Crescent -shaped. II* n.i 
The moon in its first quarter, < 
or something so shaped, as the 
device on the Turkish standard. 

cress, 1 kres; 2cres, ft. A plant 
of the mustard family, with pun- 
gent taste. ^^ 

cres'set, 1 kres'et; 2 cres'St, n. cresset. 
A frame to hold a torch; a burning light. 

crest, 1 krest; 2 crest, 
tuft on the head of a 
fowl; a plume, tuft, or 
the like, on a helmet; 
the ridge of a wave or 
of a mountain; the 
top of anything; head. 
2. A coat of arms. 
— crest'ed, a. Bear- 
ing a crest.— crest'- 
fau'en, a. Dispirited; 

cre-ta'ceous, l kn-tff'- 
Slius; 2 ere-t&'shus, 
a. Cha'.kv. Crest (a Dragon) 

cre-tonne'/ 1 kn-ton'; upon a I6th-cen- 
2 cre-ton', n. An un- tury Helmet, 
glazed cotton fabric printed on one side. 

ere-vagse', 1 kn-vas'; 2 cre-vas', n. A 
deep fissure, as in a glacier. 

crev'ice, 1 1 krev'is; 2 creVic, ft. A small 

ere? 'Is 8 , j* fissure or crack. 

crewll, 1 kru;.2 eru, imp. of crow, e. 

crew, ft. The company of seamen belong- 
ing to a vessel; any company of workmen; 
a crowd; gang. 


* art,ape, fat^are^f ast,what,aU; me, get, prjy, fern; hit, Ice; I=S; 1=5; g6,n6t,0r, wOn* 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


erew'el,lkru'el;2«ry'el,n. A soft wonted 
varn, used in f ancy*work. 

Crib, 1 krib; 2 crib, n. 1. A rack, manger, 
or stall for cattle. 2. A child's bedstead, 
with side railings. 3. A box or bin for 
grain. 4. A wooden frame, as to re- 
tain a bank of earth.— crlbTMng, *. The 
biting of the crib, as by a bone. (of cards. 

Crib 'bage, 1 krib'ij ; 2 erlb'ag, n. A. game 

crick* 1 krik: 2 crik, n. A spasmodic 
affection of the muscles, as of the neck; a 

erlck'et*, 1 krik'et; 2 crfk'St, n. A leaping 
Ijsect, the male of which makes a chirp- 
ing sound. 

erlck'et*, n. An outdoor game played 
with bats, a ball, and wickots. 

erlck'et*, n. A small footstool. 

crlck'et-er, 1 krik'et-er; 2 erfk'&t-er, n. A 

cried, 1 krald: 2 end, imp. of cry, 0. 

Cli'er, 1 krai'er; 2 cri'er, n. One who pub- 
licly cries sales, losses, etc. 

crime, 1 kraim; 2 crim, n. An act punish- 
able by law; sin; any grave offense.— 
crlml-iial, 1 krim'i-nal; 2 erlm'1-nal. I. a. 
Relating to or guilty of crime. II. n. One 
who has committed a crime.— criml-nal'l- 
ty, n — crlm'l-nal-Iy, adv.— crim'1-nate, 1 
krim'i-nfit; 2 erim'i-nat, vt. [-nat"ed<1; 
-nat'ing.) To accuse of or Implicate In 
crime.— criml-natlon, n. The act of 

erlm"l-nol'o-fy, 1 krimY-nel'o-ji; 2 crtm"- 
i-n51'o-gy, n. The scientific study of 
crime and criminals. 

Crimp, 1 krimp; 2 crimp. I*, vt. To bend 
into folds; corrugate; flute. IX. a. Brit- 
tle and crisp; stiff; friable. III. n. Any- 
thing crimped, as a lock of hair.— crlm'- 
pKe*, 1 krlm'pl; 2 crlm'pl. I. vt. & vt. 
[CROf'PL(u)D p ; criu'pung.] To wrinkle. II. 
n. A wrinkle.— crlmp'y, a. Wavy; frizzled. 

dim 'ton, 1 krim'zn; 2 crimen. I. vt. & 
vi. To make or become crimson; red- 
den; blush. II. a. Deep-red; deep- 
dyed. III. n. A red color having a 
tinge of blue; deep-red. 

cringe, 1 krinj; 2 cring. I. vt, [cringed; 
criho'ing.) To crouch; fawn. II. n. A 
servile crouching. 

Crin1cl(e», 1 krin'kl; 2 crfnld. I. vt. & vi. 
fcaxK'KL^o*; cniN'KtiNa.J To fold; wrin- 
kle. II. n. A wrinkle; ripple; 'twist. — 
erlnldf, a. Wrinkled; crimpy. 

crip 'pie, f 1 krip'l; 2 ertp'l. I. vt. [crip'- 


lame; disable. II. n. One lacking the 
natural use of a limb or limbs. 
erl'sls, 1 krai'sis; 2 eri'sls. n. [cri'ses, 


1 -els ; 2-sfiQ, pi. J A turning-point; a criti- 
cal moment. 

crisp, 1 krisp; 2 crisp. I*, vt. & vi. To 
crinkle; curl; make or become crisp. 11. 
a. 1. Somewhat firm and brittle. %• 
Crinkled; crisped. 

cri-te'rl-on, 1 krai-tl'n-en; 2 erl-te'ri-on, 
n. [-Ri-A, pi.] A standard; test. 

crit'lc, 1 krit'ik; 2 crit'ic, n. 1. One who 
judges anything by soire standard. 2. 
A faultfinder; oavller.— crlPl-cal, a. 1. 
Of or pertaining to a critic or criticism; 
judicious; fastidious; thorough; exact; fault- 
finding. 2. Of or preliminary to a crisis; 
perilous, -ly, adv.— crltl-clsm, 1 krit'i- 
sizm; 2 crit'1-clsm, n. The act or art of 
criticizing; a critical judgment.— crltl-dse 
or -else, 1 krit'i-e lz; 2 erlt'1-clz, vt. & vt. 


examine critically. 8. To judge severely; 
censure.— crl-tique% l kn-tlk ; 2 erl-tik/, n. 
A criticism; critical review. 

croak, 1 krCk; 2 crdk. I*, vi. To make a 
croak; talk dolefully; forbode evil. II* 
n. A hoarse, guttural sound, as of a frog 
or raven; a doleful or foreboding speech. 
— croak'er, n. 

cro-chet', 1 krd-slig'; 2 crd-che/. I. vt. & 
vi. [cro-cheted', 1 kro-sTiecl', 2 crS- 
ched'; cro-chet'ing, 1 kro-sli6'irj, 2 cr5- 

fhe/ing.l To form or knit, as crochet. 
L n. Fancy-work produced by looping 

thread with a hooked needle. 
crock 1 , 1 krok; 2 erok. I*, vi. To stain or 

dye. II. n. The coloring-matter that rubs 

off from a dyed stuff, as doth. 
crock*, n. An earthen pot or jar. 
crock 'er-y, 1 krek'er-i; 2 crdk'Sr-y, n. 

croc 'o-d lie, 1 krek'o-dail ; 2 croc'o-dll, n. 

A large 



reptile. — 

SmTaTA l n" 8kuU of the Common CrooodUe. 

Like a crocodile. eroc"o-dU'e-ani. 
cro'cus, 1 krd'kus; 2 cro'cus, n. A plant 

of the iris family, with long grass-like 

leaves and large flowers. [farm. 

croft, 1 kreft; 2 crdtt, n. A small field or 
crone, 1 krdn; 2 crdn, n. A withered old 

cro'ny, 1 krd'ni; 2 crG'ny, n. [crc/nxes", 

pi.) A familiar friend. 
crook. 1 kruk; 2 erdt>k. It. vt. & vi. To 

bend; make or grow crooked. II. n. 

1. A bend or curve; something crooked, 

as a staff with a hooked end. 2. A 

criminal; sharper.— crook'ed, 1 kruk'ed; S 

1: a ss flnml; i = habit; aisle; an a out; cfl; III = fend ; diln; go; rj=sin^; thin, this. 
t: wolf, dp/, book, boot; fall, rale, care, bat, barn; oil, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


croWed, a. Not straight; haying angles or 
curves; dishonest, -ly, adv. -ness. n. 

croon, 1 krtin; 2 eroon, vt. & vi. To sing 
or hum in a low, monotonous manner. 

Crop* 1 krep; 2 erdjp, vt. [cropped* or 
cbopt 8 ; cropping.] To cut off closely; 
mow; reap; eat down. 

crop, n. 1. Produce; harvest. 2. The 
first stomach of a bird; a craw. 

cro-quet', 1 kro-ke'; 2 ero-ke/, n. A lawn- 
game played with balls and mallets. 

cro-qoette', l kro-ket'; 2 ero-keV, ». A cake 
of minced food, Med brown. 

cro'ster, cros'let, n. See crozier, cbosslet. 

cross, 1 kres; 2 erds. 1*. vt. & vi. 1. To 
place or move across; traverse; intersect; 
cancel (cross off or out); obstruct; contra- 
dict; irritate. 2. To make the sign of the 
cross upon. 3. To mix with a different 
variety. II. o. Ill-tempered; peevish. 
III. n. 1. An ancient instrument of 
torture and death, consisting of two 
crossed timbers, on which the condemned 
were fastened. 2. [C-J The crucifixion 
of Christ; the Atonement. 3. Something 
endured for Christ's sake; trial; tribula- 
tion. 4. A mark resembling a cross. 
5. A mixing of breeds; an animal of 
mixed breed.— crossly, adv. Peevishly.— 
Cross'ness, n.— cross'bow", n. A bow, 
flxed transversely upon a stock.— cored, a. 
Hybrid; mongrel.— c.*breed, n. A hybrid. 

— c. 'breeding, n.— c. »cut, n. A cut across; 
a short cut.— c. •examine, vt. Law. To 
cross-question — c. « examination, ».— c. • 
examiner, n.— c. «eyed, a. Having a squint; 
squinting.— c. 'purpose, n. A conflicting 
aim.— c. •question, vt. To question mi- 
nutely, as In order to elicit facts from a reluc- 
tant witness. 

crossing, 1 kres'in; 2 crds'ing, n. Inter- 
section, as of roads; act or place of cross- 

cross-road", 1 kros'-r6d # ; 2 crds'-rod*, n. 
A road that crosses another, cross' »way" J. 

— cross'roads", n. A place where roads 
cross: often marked by a settlement. 

cross 'wise, 1 kreVwaiz; 2 eros'wlg, adv. 1. 

Across: sometimes with to. 2. In the 

form of a cross. 
crotch, 1 kredh; 2 croch, n. A point of 

division of branches; fork. 
crotch 'et, 1 kretfh'et; 2 crSch'St, n. 1. A 

whim; eccentricity. 2. Mus. A quarter 

note. 3. A small hook.— crotch'et-t-ness, 

n.— crotch 'et-y, a. Whimsical; eccentric. 
crouch 1 , 1 kraudh; 2 crouch, vi. To stoop 

low, as in fear or in readiness to spring; 

Croup 1 , 1 krup; 2 erup, n. A membranous 


disease of tne throat.— croup'ons, a. Ofi 

like, or affected by croup. croup f y{. 

croup*, 1 krup; 2 cryp, n. The rump of a 
horse, croupet. 

crow, 1 kr6; 2 cro\ vi. [crowed, crowd*, 
1 krod, 2 cr6d; crow'ing.] 1. To utter 
the cry of a cock; exult; boast. 2. To ut- 
ter sounds of infantile delight. 

crow, n. 1. A bird with glossy black 
plumage. 2. The cry of a cock, or any 
like sound.— crow'bar", 1 krO'bar'; 2 erO'- 
bar\ n. A straight Iron or steel bar: used 
as a lever.— crow'foot", n. A plant, the 
buttercup.— crow's' *foot w , n. 1. One of 
the wrinkles diverging from the outer cor- 
ner of the eye. 2. One of various mechanical 
devices so named from their shape. 

crowd, 1 kraud; 2 crowd. I d . vt. & vi. To 
fill to overflowing; pack; throng; push 
forward; urge. II. n. A numerous col- 
lection; multitude; throng. 

crown, 1 kraun; 2 crown. X vt. 
a crown on; invest with loyal 
dignity; honor; reward. 2. 
To form the top part of; cap; 
complete. II, n. 1. A cir- < 
clet or covering for the head, 
as a mark of sovereign power; 
any wreath or garland for the 
head. 2. A sovereign ruler; 
sovereignty. 3. A reward; 

To put 


prize. 4. The top, as of the head; sum- 
mit; perfect state; acme. 5. An English 
coin, worth 5 shillings. 

cro'zler, 1 krd'ger; 2 crS'shSr, n. A bish- 
op's official staff surmounted by a crook 
or a cross, cro'ster*. 

cru'clal, 1 kru'smel; 2 cru'shal, a. 1. De- 
cisive; searching; severe. 2. Having the 
form of a cross. 

cru'el-bl(e», 1 kru'si-bl; 2 cru'ci-bl, n. A 
vessel, as of clay, for melting metals, etc.; 
a test; purifying agency. 

cru'cl-flx, 1 kru'si-fiks; 2 cru'cj-flks, n. A 
cross bearing an effigy of Christ crucified. 

cra"d-fli'ion, 1 kru'si-fik'slien; 2 eru'ei- 
flk'shon, n. The act of crucifying; death 
upon the cross; specifically [C-J, the death 
of Christ on Calvary. 

cru'cl-form, 1 kru'si-ferm; 2 eru'ei-fdnn, 
a. Cross-shaped. 

cr u 'cl-fy, 1 krfr si-f oi ; 2 cru'ei-tt, vt. [-ftbd ; 
-fy'inq.] To put to death by fastening 
to a cross. 

crude, 1 krud; 2 crud, a. Not mature; 
raw; unripe; superficial; unfinished. -lj,adv. 
— cru'dl-ty, 1 krfi'di-ti; 2 eru'di-ty, «. 
[-ties*, pi.) 1. The state of being crude, 
crude'nessi. 2. That which Is crude. 

cru'el, 1 kru'el; 2 cru'Sl, a. Disposed to 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, f Sre ; fust ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, gfl ; net, or ; full, rule ; but, born. 
8: Sit, ape, f at,fare,f ast,what, all ; infi, gfct, prgy, fern ; hit, Ice ; I=«5; I=e; go, ndt,or, wdn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


inflict suffering; pitiless; unreasonably 
severe; harsh; distressing, -ly, adv.— eru'- 
d-ty, 1 kra'el-ta; 2 cru'el-ty, n. pnss* jtf.1 
A cruel disposition or act; inhumanity. 

CTU'et, 1 kru'et; 2 cru'6t, n. A small glass 
bottle, as for vinegar or oil; a caster. 

cruise, 1 kruz; 2 crus,. I. ttf. & vi. [cruised ; 
CRtJis'iNQ.] To sail over or through; sail 
to and fro. II. n. A voyage at sea; a 
sailing to and fro.— cruls'er, n. A person 
or ship that cruises; a war-vessel Inferior to 
a battleship. 

cruller, 1 kruKar; 2 eruVer, n. A ring- 
sfaaped cake of dough, fried brown in 
bo iling lard. 

cram; ) lkrum;2erum. I.vt. [crummed, 

crumb, f crumbed, crtjmd"; crum'mlnq, 
crumbling .1 To break into small pieces; 
crumble. II. n. 1. A small bit, as of 
bread; a morsel. 2. The soft inner part 
of a loaf. 

cram trie, \ 1 krum'bl; 2 crum'bl, vt. & vi. 

crum'bl*. / [crum'bl(e)d f ; crum'blino.] 
To break into small pieces; cause to fall 
to pieces; disintegrate; decay.— crum'bly, a. 
Apt to crumble; triable. 

crum'pet, 1 krum'pet; 2 crum'pSt, n. A 
sort of muffin. 

cram 'pie, 1 1 krom'pl; 2 erum'pl, vt. & 

crum 'Pl F » ) vi. [crum'pl(e) d*; cbu m'- 
pling.J To press into wrinkles; become 
wrinkled; rumple. 

crunch, 1 krundh; 2 ertinch. I*, vt. & vi. 
To crush with the teeth; chew audibly; 
crush or grind noisily. II. n. The act of 

crap 'per, 1 krup'er; 2 erttp'Cr, n. 1. The 
looped strap that goes under a horse's 
tail. 2. The rump of a horse. 

cro-sade', 1 krii-sed'; 2 cru-sad'. I<1. vi. 
To go on or engage in a crusade. II. n. 
A medieval gathering of the Christians of 
Europe for the conquest of the Holy 
Sepulcher; any vigorous concerted move- 
ment.— eru-ead'er, n. 

erase, 1 krus; 2 erus, n. A small bottle, 
flask, or jug; cruet, cruise?. 

crash, 1 krush; 2 crush. I*, vt. & vi. To 
press out of shape; break or be broken by 
pressure; conquer. II. n. 1. A violent 
colliding; breaking by violent pressure. 
3. A crowd; Jam.— crasb/er, n. 

crast, 1 krust; 2 trust. I«. vt. & vi. To 
cover with or acquire a crust. II. n. 
A hard, thin coating; the outer part of 
bread; a bit of bread. 

crus-ta'cean, 1 krus-t&'slien; 2 eros-ta'- 
shan. I. a. Of or pertaining to the 
Crustacea. II. n. One of the Crustacea, 
animals having crust-like shells, including | 


lobsters, crabs, sow-bugs, etc.— crus-ta'* 
eeous, a. 1. Having a crust-like shell. 8. 

crust 'y, 1 krust'i; 2 crtist'yt a. Crust-like; 
curt; surly. — crust 'I-ly, adv. — crust 'I- 
ness, n. 

crutch, ) 1 krueli; 2 ertich, n. A staff with 

cruch p , j a crosspiece fitting under the arm- 
pit, as for support in walking; any me- 
chanical device of similar shape. 

cry, 1 krai; 2 cri, v. [cried; crt'inq.] I. 
t. To utter loudly; shout out; proclaim. 
II. i. 1. To call loudly; shout. 2. To 
utter lamentations; weep. 

err, 1 krai; 2 erf, n. (cries*, vl] 1. A 
loud call; shout; yell. 2. The act of 
weeping. 3. Advertisement by outcry; 
proclamation; pubUc demand. 

crypt. 1 kript; 2 crypt, n. A recess or 
vault, as under a church. 

cryp'to-gam, 1 krip'to-gam; 2 cryp'to- 
gam, n. Bot. A plant that has no true 
flowers, but propagates by spores.— cry p"- 
to-gamle, a. 

cryp'to-gram, 1 krip'to-gram; 2 cryp'to- 
gram, n. A writing in cipher. 

cryp-tog'ra-phy, 1 krip-teg're-fi; 2 cryp- 
tog'ra-fy, n. The art of cipher-writing. 

crys'tal, 1 kris'tel; 2 cryVtal. I. a. Of 
or like crystal; clear; Umpid. II. n. 
1. The solid mathematical form assumed 
by many minerals. 2. Transparent 

auarts; flint glass; a watch-glass — erys'tal- 
ne, l kris'tel-ln; 2 erfs'tal-In, a. Of, 
pertaining to, or like crystals or crystal; 
transparent; pure — crys^tal-los/ra-phy, n. 
The science of crystals. 

crys'tal-llze or -Use, 1 kris'tel-ais; 2cryV- 
tal-Tz, vt. & vi. [-lized; -lis'inq.1 To form 
crystals; bring or come to definite and 
permanent form.— crys'tal-U-sa'tlon, n. 

cub, 1 kub; 2 cub, n. The young of the 
bear, fox, wolf, etc.; a whelp. 

cube, 1 kiub; 2 cub, n. 1. A solid bounded 
by six equal squares and having all its 
angles right angles. 2. The third power 
of a quantity; the product of three equal 
factors.- enable 1 khTbik; 2eu'bie,a. Of. 
equal to, or like a cube. cu'M-cal j.— cu'» 
M-cal-ly, adv. 
— cu'bl-cal- 

cu'blt, 1 kiu' 

bit;2cu'bit, ».' 

An ancient 

measure of 

length: about American Yellow-billed 

20mches. Cuckoo and Nest. »/u 

cuck'oo, 1 kuk'u; 2 euk'oo, n. A bird, 

many species of wMch deposit their eggs 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; tra = <mt; cfl; 10 = fetid; Cliin; go; rj=sin<7; €hin, mis. 
t:; bdbk, bttt; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, Mgr;.fo, *em; igk; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ L€ 


to be hatched in the nests of other 

cu'cum-ber, l kuVkum-ber; 2 cu'eum-ber, 

n. The oblong fruit of a creeping plant 

of the gourd family; also, the plant. 
CUd, 1 kud; 2 cud, n. Food chewed over 

again, as by ruminants. 
CUd'dle, 1 kud'l; 2 ciid'l, vt. & vi. [ctjd'- 

dled, cud'dling.] To protect and 

caress within a close embrace; lie close 

cuddly, 1 kud'i ; 2 etid'y, n. [cud'diks*, pi.] 

Naut. A small cabin; a cook's galley. 
cudgel, 1 kuj'el; 2 cudgel. I. vt. To 

beat, as with a cudgel. II. n. A short 

thick stick; a club. 
cue, 1 kiu; 2 eu, n. 1. A tail; a long braid 

of hair. 2. The words serving as a signal 

for an actor; a hint; suggestion. 3. A 

straight tapering rod, used in billiards, 

cuff*, ) 1 kuf ; 2 ctif, v. I. t. To strike, as 
CUf*, /with the open hand; buffet. II. i. 

To scuffle; box. 
CUflP, n. A blow, as with the open hand. 
cuff*, n. A band about the wrist; the low- 
er part of a sleeve. 
CUl-rass', 1 kwr-ras 7 ; 2 cwl-ras', n. A 

breastplate. — eul'ras-sler', 1 kwTre-slr'; 2 

ewPra-eer', n. A mounted soldier wearing a 

CUl-slne', 1 kwl-zln'; 2 ewl-§ln', n. The 

kitchen; cooking department; style or 

quality of cooking, 

, A diminutive; as, animalcule. 

CUli-na-ry, lkifi'li-ne-n; 2 cti'li-na-rv, a. 
Of or pertaining to cooking or the kitchen. 

cull, 1 kul; 2 cul. I. vt. [culled, culd 8 ; 
cull'ing.J To pick or sort out. II. n. 
Something sorted out; something re- 
jected.— cull'er, n. 

eidlen-der, n. Same as colandeb. 

culm, 1 kulm; 2 culm, n. The jointed 
stem of a grass. 

cul'ml-uate, 1 kul'mi-n6t; 2 cul'mi-nftt, 
vi. [-nat"ed«; -nat'ing.] To attain the 
highest point or degree.— cul'mt-na'tlon, 
n. The highest point, condition, or degree. 

cid'pa-bleTTl kul'pe-bl; 2 cul'pa-bl, a. 

CUl 'pa-blr, f Deserving of blame.— eul"pa- 
blll-ty, cul'pa-bl (e-nessr, n.- cul'pa-My, 

CUl'prit, 1 kul'prit; 2 eul'prft, n, A guUty 
person; criminal; offender. 

CUIt, 1 knit; 2 cult, n. A system of re- 
ligious observances; also, a fad. 


cul'tl-yate, 1 koi'ti-vet; 2 eiil'ti-vat, tL 
[-VAT'BD d ; -vat'ino.J 1. To till, as land; 
raise, as a plant, by tillage. 2. To develop 
by study or training; devote oneself to; 
foster.— cul"ti-va'tion, n. The act of culti- 
vating; Improvement; culture.— cuTtl-va"- 
tor, n. One who cultivates; a "ly^hine foe 
culture, 1 kul'diur or -tiur; 2 eul'chur or 
-tur, n. 1. Cultivation; training; im- 
provement; refinement of mind, morals, 
or taste; enlightenment. 2. The develop- 
ment of micro-organisms, or the organ- 
Isms so developed.— cul'tur-al, a. Of or 
pertaining to culture.— cul'tured, pa. Edu- 
cated; refined. 
cul'tns, l kul'tus; 2 eul'tfls, n. A cult. 
cul 'vert, 1 kul'vart; 2 cul'vert, n. An 
artificial covered channel for water, aa 
under a road. 
cum 1>er, 1 kun/ber; 2 cum'ber, vt. To 
burden; hamper; weigh down; oppress. 
— cum'ber-some, l kum'bdr-sam; 2eum'- 
ber-som, a. Moving or working heavily; un- 
wieldy; burdensome. -ly,adv. -ness, n. 
cumbrous, 1 kum'brus; 2 cum'brfis, a. 

Cumbersome, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
cum 'In, 1 kum'in; 2 cum'in, n. A plant 
of the parsley family, or its seeds, cum'- 
cu'mu-late, 1 kiu'miu-let; 2 cQ'mu-lat, vt. 
t-LAT B ED d ; -lat'ing.J To collect into a 
heap ; accumulate.— cu" mu-Ia'tion, n. The 
process of massing or heaping together; a 
heap.— eu'mu-la-tlv(e s , a. Increasing by 
addition or repetition. 
cu'ne-I-form, 1 kiu'nl-i-ferm; 2 eu'ng-i- 
fdrm, a. Wedge- 
shaped, as the char- 
acters in ancient As- 
syrian inscriptions. 
cun'ner, 1 kun'er; 2 
cun'Sr, n. A small 
brownish-blue food- 
fish common on the 
Atlantic coast of the 
United States. 
cun'nlng, 1 kun'in; 2 eun'ing, 



Cuneiform Inscrip- 

_. _ ... . ..La. 

Crafty or shrewd; artful; guileful. II. 
n. A crafty disposition; craft; guile; 

cup, 1 kup; 2 cttp. I. vt. & vi. Jcuppbd*. 
cupt*; ctrp'piNa.l 1. To draw blood un- 
der an exhausted cup. 2. To shape like 
or place in a cud. It* n. A small drink- 
ins-vessel, or its contents; one's lot.— 
cup'ful, n. As muoh as a cup will hold. 

cup 'board, 1 kub'srd; 2 eub'ord, n. A 
closet with shelves, as for tableware. 

1: artistic, art; flit, fire; fast ; get, prey; hit, polIce;obey,g©; net,6r ; full, rule; but, bom. 
9: Krt^»pe,faMare,f*st,what,»^;me;get,prej,fern; bit, Ice; I=e;i=e;g6,n6t,df,w6i 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


Ca'pld, 1 klu'pid; 2 etl'ptd, n. Myth- The 

Roman god of love. 
eu-pid'i-ty, 1 kiu-pid'i-ti; 2 cu-pld'i-ty, n. 

An inordinate desire, as for gain; avarice. 
CU'po-la, 1 kiu'po-la; 2 cu'po-la, n. A 

dome; a small structure above a roof; a 

turret on an armored ship. 
CUT, 1 kur; 2 cur, n. A worthless dog; a 

mean or malicious person.— currish, a. 
eur'a-ble, I 1 kiurVbl; 2 cur'a-bl, a. 
eur'a-bl p , j Susceptible of being cured.— 

cur"a-bUl-ty, n. cur'a-bl (e-ness p J. T 

cur'a-My, ad v. 
eu'ra-cy, 1 kiQ're-si; 2 cu'ra-cy, n. [-cies«, 

p/.] The position, duties, or term of office 

of a curate. 
eafate, 1 kiu'nt; 2 cu'rat, n. A rector's 

or a vicar's assistant.— cu'rate-shlp, n. A 

cur'a-tl?e, \ 1 kiur'a-tiv; 2 eur'a-trv. I. a. 
eur'a-ttv 8 , J Possessing power or tendency 

to cure; relating to the cure of diseases. 

II. n. A remedy.— cur'a-tlY(e-ly», adv. 
CU-ra'tor, 1 kiu-rS'ter or -ter; 2 eu-ra'tor, 

n. A superintendent; guardian. 
curb, 1 kurb; 2 curb. I. vt. To subject, 

control, as with reins and curb. II* n. 

1. A chain or strap to add power to a bit ; 
also, a bit so arranged; restraint; control. 

2. A curbstone. 3. The framework 
around the top of a well. 

curb 'stone", l kurb'ston"; 2 carb'ston", n. 
A stone forming the outer edge of a side- 

curd* 1 kurd; 2 curd, n. The coagulated 
portion of milk of which cheese is made. 
— cur'dle, vt. A vt. [cur'dled; cur'dlino.] 
To change to curd; coagulate. 

care 9 1 kiur; 2 eur. I. vt. 6c vi. [cured; 
cur'ino.] 1. To restore to health; 
cause recovery. 2. To eradicate, as 
disease; heal. 3. To preserve, as fish, by 
salting and drying. II. n. 1. A resto- 
ration to health. 2. That which restores 
health. 3. Spiritual care; a curacy; as, 
the cure of souls. 

ear 'few, 1 kurtm ; 2 eur'ffl. n. An ancient 
law for the putting out of fires and lights 
at the tolling of a bell; also, the bell, or the 
act or hour of ringing. 

ea"H-os1-ty, 1 kiu'n-es'i-ti; 2 cu'ri-os'i-ty, 
n. [-ties*, pi.] 1. Habitual .anxiety for 
knowledge; inquisitiveness. % A rare 
and interesting object. 

eu'rl-oiis, 1 kiO'n-us; 2 eu'ri-tis, a. 1. 
Eager for information; inquisitive. 2. 
Adapted to excite interest; novel; odd; 
mysterious; ingenious, -ly, adv. 


earl, 1 kfirl; 2 earl. I. vt. & vi. To curl 
into ringlets or curves; adorn with curls: 
take spiral shape. II. n. Anything coiled 
or spiral, as a ringlet.— curl'y, a.— curi'I- 
ness, n. 

cur'lew, 1 korTiu; 2 cui/lu, n. A shore* 
bird with long bill and 
legs. 4 

curl'lng, 1 kurl'in; 2 
curl'ing, n. 1. [Scot.] 
A game played by slid- 
ing large circular 
stones, called curling" 
stones, on the ice. 2. 
The act of forming 
curls.— curling* Pron, _ . 
n. An Implement of Curlew. i/ u 
metal, used when heated for curling the hair. 
curling' tongs"*. 

cur-mudjg'eon, 1 kar-muj'en; 2 eur- 
mtidg'on, n. A miserly or churlish person. 

cur 'rant, 1 kuVent ; 2 ctir'ant, n. A small 
round, acid berry, or the bush producing 
it; also, a small seedless raisin. 

cur 'rent, 1 kur'ent; 2 cttr'ent. I. a. 1. 
Circulating freely; generally accepted. 
2. In actual progress; present. II. n. 
A movement as of a stream; a fluid thus 
flowing; any connected onward move- 
ment; course, -ly, atfp. -ness,n.— curren- 
cy, l kur'en-si; 2 ear'en-cy, n. [-ctes*, pi.] 

1. The current medium of exchange; coin or 
bank-notes. 2. The state of being current. 

cur-rtc'u-ium, 1 ku-rik'yu-lum; 2 ctt- 
rfc'yu-lum, n. A prescribed course of 
study, as in a college. [curries leather. 

cur'rl-er, 1 kurVer ; 2 eur'i-er, n. One who 

cur'ry, 1 kur'i; 2 eGr'y, vt. [cur'ried, 1 
-rid, 2 -rid; cur'rt-ing.1 i. To clean 
or groom, as a horse. 2. To dress for use, 
as leather. 

cur'ry, n. [cur'ribs*. pl.\ A pungent 
sauce, or a dish served with it. 

curse, 1 kurs; 2 curs, v. [cursed* or 
curst; curs'ing.J I. t. 1. To invoke 
evil upon; anathematise; excommunicate. 

2. To cause great evils to. II. i. To 
utter imprecations; swear; blaspheme. 

— eurs'ed, lkOrs'ed; 2 curs'ed, a. Under 
or deserving a curse; execrable; detestable. 

— curs'ed-fy, adv. 

curse, n. 1. An imprecation of evil; pro- 
fane oath. 2. Calamity invoked; a source 
of evil. 

cur'slve, 1 1 kuVsiv; 2 cur'siv. I. a. Run* 

cur'siv", / ning or flowing, as writing with 
letters joined. II. n. A letter or char- 
acter used in cursive writing. 

cur'so-ry, 1 kur'so-n; 2 cur'so-ry, o. 

1: » = fmal; I = habit; aisle; aasovt; eH; » = f<md; eliin; go; D-etnjjr; thin, this. 
S: w^lf,dg; Wok, bOTt; full, rule, cure, bdt,barn; 611, Wfcr; fo, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


.Rapid and superficial; hasty.— cur'so-rl-ly, 
ad v.— cur'so-rl-ness, n. 

curt, 1 kurt; 2 curt, a. Concise and ab- 
rupt: short and sharp; brusk. «ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

cur- tall % l ker-teT; 2 cur-t&l', vt. To 
cut short; abbreviate; reduce.— cur-tall'- 
ment, n. 

cur'taln, 1 kur'tin; 2 car'tin. L itf. To 
supply with curtains; separate as by a 
curtain. II. n. 1. An adjustable hang- 
ing covering, as of a window. 3. Some- 
thing that conceals or separates. 3. 
Part of a rampart that connects two bas- 
tions or towers. 

curt'sy, 1 kurt 'si; 2 cart'sy. I. vi. To 
make a courtesy. II. n. An old-time ges- 
ture of deference. See coubtesy. curt'seyt. 

curve, )1 kurv; 2 carv. I. vt. A ... 

cur?», / [curv(b)d8; ctjrv'inq.] To form a 
curve; move in a curve; bend. II. a. 
Having a different direction at every 
point. III. n. A line continuously bent, 
as the arc of a circle; a bending, or 
something bent. 

cWva-ture, l kOr'vs-dhur or -tlur; 2 eur*va- 
chur or -tur, n. The act of bending, or the 
state of being curved; amount or rate of 

cur 'vet, 1 kur'vet; 2 cur'vgt. Id. vt. & vi. 
To prance or cause to prance. II. n. A 
light, low leap of a horse. 

eur"vl-lln'e-ar, 1 kur'vi-lin'i-er; 2 eur'vi- 
lm'e-ar, a. Formed by curved lines. 

cushion, 1 ku&b/an; 2 cush'on. I. vt. 
To place on or provide with a cushion. 
21. n. A flexible casing filled with soft 
material, as feathers; any device to 
deaden jar. 

cusp, 1 kusp; 2 ettsp, n. One of the points 
of the crescent moon; a prominence; 
point.— eus'pl-date, l kus'pi-det; 2 eus'pi- 
dftt, a. Having a cusp or cusps, cus'ol- 
dal+; cus'pl-dafed*. 

CUS 'pi-dor, 1 kus'pi-ddr or -dor; 2 cus'pi- 
dOr or -dor, n. A spittoon, cus'pl-dorei. 

CUs'tard, 1 kus'tard; 2 cus'tard, n. A 
mixture of milk, eggs, sugar, etc., boiled 
or baked. 

cus'to-dy, 1 kus'to-di; 2 cus'to-dy, n. A 
keeping ; guardianship ; restraint ; im- 
prisonment.— cus-to'dl-an, l kus-tO'di-an; 
2 cus-tfi'di-an, n. One having the custody 
of a person or thing; a guardian. 

cus'tom, 1 kus'tem; 2 cus'tom, n. 1. 
Habitual practise; common or recognised 
usage. 2. Business support; patronage. 
3. A tariff or duty.— cus'tom-a-ry, 1 kus'- 
tem-S-n; 2 eus'tom-ft-ry, a. Conforming to 


or established by custom.— rus'tom-a-ri-lr, 
adv. In the customary manner; ordinarily. 
— cus'tom-er, n. A purchaser.— cus'tom* 
house", n. The place where duties are col- 
cut, 1 kut; 2 cut, vt.& vi. [cut; cut'ting.] 
1. To divide, trim, or shape, as with a 
knife; make a cut; sever; clip; hew; 
wound. 2. To hurt; pain; grieve. 3. 
To reduce. 4. To pass without recog- 
nition.— cut'ter, l kut'er; 2 eut'gr, n. 
One who cuts; a cutting-tool or -machine; 
•a small, swift vessel; a small sleigh.— cut'- 
throat", n. A bloodthirsty ruffian.— cuf- 
wa"ter, n. Naut. The forward part of the 
prow of a vessel.— cut'worm", n. A larval 
moth that cuts off young plants. 
cut, pa. Formed or affected by cutting; 

wounded; severed. 
cut, n. 1. An incision; a gash; slit. 2. 
A cutting motion or action. 3. A short 
way, as across a corner. 4. Fashion; 
form; style. 5. Print. An engraved block, 
or a picture printed from it. 
cu-ta'ne-ous, 1 kiu-t€'m-us; 2 cQ-t&'ne-us, 
a. Consisting of, pertaining to, or like 
cute, 1 kiut; 2 eGt, o. [cut'er; cut'mt.1 
1. Clever; sharp. 2. [Colloq., U. S.J 
Bright and winsome, as a child. 
cu'ti-cle, )1 kiu'ti-kl; 2 eu'ti-el, n. The 
cu'tl-cl p , /outer layer of skin; epidermis; 

any superficial covering.— cu-tlc'u-lar, a. 
cut'las, 1 kut'las; 2 cut'las, n. A short, 
heavy sword* 
like weapon. | 
cutlass*. ■ 
cutler, 1 kut'- 
lar; 2 cut'lgr. British Cutlas of the 
n. One who 10th Century, 

makes or deals in cutlery.— cutler-?, n. 
Cutting-instruments collectively. 
cutlet, 1 kut'let; 2 cuflfct, n. A thin 
piece of veal or mutton for broiling or 
cut 'tie,) 1 kut'l- 2 cttt'l, n. 1. A cuttlefish. 
cut!*, |2.Cuttlebone. 
— cut 'tie- bone » 9 n. 
The internal calcareous 
plate of a cuttlefish.— 
cut'tle-fish", n. A 
marine mollusk, with 8 
or 10 arms and an In- j 
ternal shell or bone, 
having the power of ' 
ejecting an Inky fluid to 
conceal itself . «.**,-.. .. 

-cy, suffix. Denoting con- cuttlefish. »/ a 
dition, quality, office, «. the cutttebone. 

rank, etc.; 

as, aristocracy, captaincy, magla* 


2: »rt,ape,£at,fare,ftet,wb4t 1 gU;mS,g«t,pi^y,fern; bJt,Ice;I=e;i=e;go,ndt,4r f wOn, 



ey'de, 1 saild; 2 tf'el, n. 1. A recurring 
period of time; a round of years or of ages; 
a vast period, 2. A turn or circle; loop. 
3. A bicycle, tricycle, etc.— cyclic, 1 sik'lik; 
2 cyeTie, a. Pertaining to or characterized 
by cycles; recurring in cycles.— cy'cllng, n. 
The riding of the bicycle.— cy'dlst, n. One 
who rldee a bicycle or tbe like, cy'derU 

cy'clold, 1 sai'kleid; 2 cl'clSid, n. Geom. 
The curve described by a point in the 
plane of a circle that roils alone a straight 
line.— cy-elol'dsl, a. 

ey-clom'e-ter, 1 sai-klem'i-ter; 2 cl- 
eldm'e-ter, n. An instrument for re- 
cording the rotations of a wheel, as of a 

cy 'clone, 1 soiTdon; 2 cj'elon, n. A vio- 
lent and destructive wind-storm; tornado. 

— cy-elonlca. 

Cy"cfo-pe'an, 1 sai' , klo-pr'en; 2 cTelo- 
pfi'an, a. Of or pertaining to the Cy- 
clopes, a race of mythical giants, or their 
work; gigantic: colossal. 
cy"elo-pe'dl-a, ) 1 saiTclo-pI'di-e; 2 crelo- 
cy"clo-p*e'dl-a, / p£'di-a, n. A work giv- 
ing a summary of some branch of knowl- 
edge; in broader use, an encyclopedia. 

— ey^clo-pe'f or -pa&^dlc, a. [swan. 
CJTf 'net, 1 sig^net; 2 cyg'nfct, n. A young 
eyi'ln-der. 1 sil'in-der; 2 cyTin-der, n. A 

circular body of uniform diameter, the 
extremities of which are equal parallel 
circles.— cy-Un'drfc, a. cy-Un'drt-calJ.— 
cy-Un'drl-cal-ly, adv. 

The state or 

cymbal, 1 eim'bel; 2 cym'bal, . 

of a pair of plate-like metallic 

cal instruments played by 

being clashed together. 
cyn 'Ic, lsin'ik ; 2cyn'ie, n. 1. 

[C-l One of a sect of Greek 

philosophers who taught > 

contempt for pleasure, 

intellectual or sensual. 2. L 

A sneering, captious per-1 

son; a misanthrope; pessi- " 

mist.— cyn't-cal, a. Of or 

like a cynic; misanthropic; 

morose; sarcastic. — cynl- 

cal-ty, adv.— cyn'1-clsm, 

1 sin'i-sizm; 2 cyn'i-elsm, n. 
quality of being cynical; contempt for the 
virtuous or generous sentiments of others. 

cy 'no-sure, 1 sai'no-sliur; 2 cl'no-shur, n. 
An object of general interest or atten- 

cy 'press, 1 sai'pres; 2 cTpres, n. An ever- 
green tree yielding durable timber; also, 
a kindred plant, funeral cypress, with 
pendulous branches like a weeping willow. 

cyst, 1 sist; 2 c?st, n. A membranous sac 
or vesicle in living organisms. 

csar, 1 >ar; 2 z&r, n. An emperor; es- 

Sicially [C-], the emperor ox Russia. 
art; tsari.— Ciar'e-vitch, l sor'i-vidh; 

2 sar'e-vlcb, n. The eldest son of the Csar 
of Russia. Tsar'e-Tltch}.— Csa-rl'na, l sa- 
rl'ne; 2 sft-rTna, n. The empress of Russia. 


D, d, 1 dl; 2 de\ n. [debs, D's, or 2>s, 1 dlz; 
2deg, pt.] The fourth letter in the English 
alphabet; as a Roman numeral, 500. 

dab, 1 dab; 2 dab, tt. & vi. [dabbed; dab'- 
binq.] To strike softly; pat.— dab'ber, n. 

dab 1 , n. 1. A gentle blow; pat. 2. A 
small lump of soft substance, as butter. 

dab*, n. A skilful person; adept, dab'- 

dab'ble, \1 dabl; 2 d&bl, «. [dab'bled, 

dab 4*. Jdab'ld p ;dab'blinoJ I. L To dip 
lightly; splash; sprinkle. II. i. To play, 
as with the hands, in a fluid; splash gently; 
engage slightly.— OWbler, n. 

daea'po,ldaka'po;2d&e&'po. From the be- 
ginning; a direction to repeat: abbreviated 
D. C. tflsh. 

dace, 1 des; 2 dac, n. A small fresh-water 

dac'tyl, 1 dak'til; 2 dae'tyl. n. A foot con- 
sisting of a long syllable followed by two 
Short ones (— *■* w ).— dae-tyllc a. 

da 'do, 1 dS'do; 2 d&'do, n. A flat, often 
decorated surface at the base of a wall; 
one of the faces of a pedestal. 

daymon, etc. Same as demon, eto. 

daf'fo-dll, 1 daf'o-dil; 2 daf'o-dil, n. A 
plant with solitary yellow flowers, daffa- 
diTlyj; dafto-dHlyi. 

daft, 1 daft; 2 daft, a. SUly; imbecile; insane. 

dag'ger, 1 dag'er; 2 dagger, n. 1. A short, 
edged, and pointed weapon, for stabbing, 
etc. 2. A reference*mark (f)« 

da-guerre'o-type, 1 de-gero-toip; 2 da- 
geVo-tlp. 1*. vt. To take a daguerreo- 
type of. II. n. A former photographic 
process, in which silver-coated metallic 
plates were used; a picture so made.— 
da-guer're-an. a. Pertaining to the da- 
guerreotype, da-guer'rl-ant. 

dahlia, 1 dal'ye; 2 d&l'ya, n. A flowering 
plant of the aster family. See illus. on 
next page. 

1: •afloat; inhabit; aisle; an = out; ell; Ms fetid; eliin; go; rj=sin^; Chin, this. 
t: wolf, do,; book, boot; fyll, rule, cAre, bih^bArn; 611, boy; fo, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


dally, 1 deli; 2 dfi'ly. I. a. Occurring 
every day; diurnal. II. n. [dai'lies*, 
pi.] A daily publication. III. 
adv. Day after day; on every 

daln'ty, l den'ti; 2 dftn'ty. I. a. 

}dain'ti-er; dain'ti-e«t.J Del- 
cate; delicious; fastidious; re- 
fined; decorous. II. n. [-ties*, 
pi.] Something delicious ; a del- 
icacy.— daln'ti-ly, ode.— data'- 
tt-ness, n. 

dal'ry, 1 d§'n; 2 d&'ry, n. [dai- 
ries", pi.] A place for keeping 
milk and making butter and Dahlia, 
cheese; also, a place for the sale^of milk- 

dais, 1 de'is; 2 da'is, n. A raised plat- 
form, as at the upper end of a room. 

dal'sy, 1 dS'zi; 2 da'sy, n. [dai'sies*, pi] 
A flower having a yellow disk with white 
or rose-colored rays. 

dale, 1 dSl ; 2 dal, n. A small valley. 

dally, 1 daTi; 2 dal'y, vi. [dal'lied, 
1 dal'id, 2 dfil'id; dai/ly-inq.J To trifle; 
loiter; delay; play amorously — dalli-ance, 
n. The act of dallying; fondling; social chat. 

dam, 1 dam; 2 dam, vt. [dammed, damd«; 
dam'ming.] To stop by a dam; restrain. 

dam 1 , n. A barrier to check the flow of a 

dam 2 , n. A female parent: said of the 
lower animals. 

dam 'age, 1 dam'ii; 2 dam'ag. I. vt. & vi. 
[damIged; dam'ag-ing.J To harm; im- 

fair or become impaired. II. n. 1. 
njury; harm. 2. pi. Money recover- 
able for a wrong or an injury. 

dam'ask,ldam'dsk;2dam'ask. I. a. Of 
or like damask. II. n. A fine silk or 
linen fabric woven in elaborate patterns. 

dame, 1 dem; 2 dam, n. A lady; married 
woman; matron. 

damn, 1 dam; 2 dam, v. l.t. 1. To con- 
demn; doom to perdition. 2. To curse 
profanely. II. i. To swear.— dam'na- 
Dl(e p , a. Meriting or causing damnation: 
detestable; outrageous.— dam'na-bly, adv. 
— dam-na'tlon, n. Condemnation to pun- 
ishment after death; perdition.— dam'na- 
io-ry, a. Tending to convict or condemn; 
consigning to damnation. 

damp, 1 damp; 2 damp. It. vt. & vi. To 
make moist; dampen; discourage; check. 
II. a. 1. Somewhat wet; moist. 2. Clam- 
my; cold. III. n. Moisture; dampness; 
fog; mist; poisonous gas In mines.— damp'- 
en, 1 damp'n; 2 damp'n, vt. A vt. To make 
damp; moisten; check; chill or depress.— 
damp'en-er, n.— damp'er, n. One who 


or that which damps or checks; a device to 
check the draft, as of a stove.— damply, adv. 

— damp'oess, n. 

dam 'gel, 1 dam'zel; 2 dam'gel, n. A young 
girl; maiden, darn'o-sel*. 

dam 'son, 1 dani'zan; 2 dam'spn, n. A small 
purple plum; also, the tree producing it. 

dance, 1 dans; 2 danc. l.vt.&vi. [danced*; 
danc'ing.J 1. To move or cause to move 
rhythmically to music. 2. To dandle; 
leap, quiver, flit, or skip lightly. II. n. 
1. A series of rhythmic concerted move- 
ments timed to music. 2. A dancing* 
party; tune to dance by.— dane'er, n. 

dan'de-ll"on, 1 dan'di-lai'en; 2 d&n'de- 
H"on, n. A milky herb with a large yellow 

dan 'die, U dan'dl; 2 d&n'dl, vt. (dan'- 

dan 'dl p , J dl (e) d ; dan'dling.] To dance, 
as an infant on the lap; fondle; caress. 

dan'druff, 1 dan'druf; 2 dan'druf, n. A 
fine scurf on the head, dan'drlffl. 

dan'dy, 1 dan'di; 2 dan'dy. I. a. Like a 
dandy. II. n. [dan'dies*, pi.] A man fastid- 
ious in dress and affected in manner; a fop. 

dan'ger, 1 den/jar; 2 dan'ger, n. Expo- 
sure to chance of injury or loss; peril: risk. 

— dan'ger-ous, 1 den'Jer-us; 2 dfln'ger-us, 
a. Hazardous; perilous; unsafe. -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

dan'gle, \ 1 darj'gl ; 2 dan'gl, vt. & vi. [dan'- 

dan'gl*, rGL(E)D y ;DAN'QLiNG.] To hang or 
swing loosely; be an attendant: vith 
before, about, or after.— dangler, n. [moist. 

dank, 1 dank; 2 dank, o. Damp and cold; 

dan"seuse', 1 dan/suz'; 2dan"sus', n. A 
professional female dancer; ballet-girl. 

Oaph'ne, 1 daf'm; 2 d&f'ne, n. Myth. 
Daughter of river-god Peneus; changed Into 
a laurel while fleeing from Apollo. 

dap 'per, 1 dap'ar; 2 dap'gr, a. Trim and 
pretty; neat; also, little and active. 

dap'ple,)l dap'l; 2 dap'l. I. vt. dap'- 

dap'l p , J PLED, DAP'LD*; DAPPLING.] To 

make spotted. II. a. Spotted; variegated. 
dap'pledi; dapld p t. III. n. A spot or dot, 
as on the skin of a horse; an animal marked 
with spots.- 

dare, 1 dar; 2 dar, v. [durst, 1 durst, 2 
durst, or dared; dar'ing.] I. t. 1. To 
be bold enough (to do or attempt). 2. 
To challenge; defy. II. i. To have 
courage; venture.— daring, 1 dftr'in; 2 dar'- 
ing. I. pa. Bold; brave; venturesome; 
also, audacious; presuming. II. a. Heroic 
courage; bravery, -ly, adv. 

dark, 1 dark; 2 dark. I. a. Lacking 
light; of a deep shade; obscure; gloomy; 
atrocious. II. n. Lack of light; a place 
without light; a shadow, -ly, adv. -nesa,n. 

1: artistic, Art ; fat, fire ; fast ; get, prey ; bit, police ; obey, go ; not,er £fMl, rule; but, born. 
8: Hrt,ape,fat,fare,fast,whf t,all;me\ g*t,prej,fern; bit, Ice; 1=6: i=e;go,DAt,or,w6n» 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

13t _ 

— dark'en, 1 dBrk'n; 2 d&rk'n, tx. A vt. To 
make or grow dark or darker.— darkling. 

I. a. Dim; gloomy. II. adv. In the dark; 
blindly .— dark'some, a. tPoet.] Dark. 

darling, 1 dar'lin; 2 d&r'ling. I. a. 

Tenderly loved; very dear. II. n. One 

beloved; a pet. 
darn, 1 darn; 2 darn. I. trf. To mend by 

filling in yarn or thread with a needle. 

II. n. A place mended by darning. 
dar'nel, 1 darnel; 2 darnel, n. A noxious 

dart, 1 dart; 2 dart. I d . vt. & vi. To 
shoot out, as a dart: shoot darts; move 
swiftly. II. n. A pointed missile weap- 
on, as a javelin; a sudden, swift motion. 

dash*, 1 dasli; 2 'lash, v. I. t 1. To 
throw suddenly and violently; hurl; 
shatter; splash. 2. To sketch hastily: 
with off. 3. To discourage; abash. 11. 
*. To rush impetuously. 

dash, n. 1. A sudden onset; rush; impet- 
uosity; spirit; display. 2. A check; col- 
lision. S. A slight admixture. 4. A line 
( ), as a mark of punctuation, etc. 

da'sheen', 1 da'shln'; 2 da'shen', n. A 
tuberous«rooted plant used as a food In the 
tropics: recently Introduced into the southern 
United States. 

dashing, 1 dasVin; 2 dash'ing, pa. 
Spirited; bold; impetuous; showy or gay. 

das'tard, 1 das'tard; 2 d&s'tard. I. a. Base 
and cowardly, das'tard-lyj. II. n. A 
base coward; poltroon. 

da 'to, 1 debts', 2 da'ta, n. pi. Things assumed, 
known, or conceded; premises; given facts. 

date, 1 d§t; 2 dat, v. [dat / ed< 1 ; dat'ino.] 
L t. To mark with a date: 
assign a date to. II. i. To 
bear date: with from. 

date*, n. The time of some 
event; a point of time.— 
dateless, a. Without date; 
not assignable to any date; 
of Indefinite duration. 

date 2 , 7t. A sweet Oriental 
stone-fruit, or the tree bear- 

da^Teai de'tiv; 2 da'tlv, 
da'tlv*, J a. & n. Denoting Date# 
in various languages the .dAtctrae 
case of the indirect object, i^^g f Vuit • 
represented in English by 6, growth of rip^ 
to or for. enins fruit 

da 'turn, 1 de'tum; 2 da'- (d»t«0: e.a«n- 
tum,n. [da'ta, ©U A f act «»• *»*•• 
given or assumed; a premise: used chiefly 
in the plural; as, the data are sufficient. 

daub, 1 deb; 2 dab. I. vt. & vi. To smear 
with something sticky; plaster; paint 


badly. II. n. A sticky application; a 
smear; a poor, coarse painting.— daub'er,fi. 

daugh'ter, 1 de'ter; 2 da'ter, n. A female 
child or descendant.— daugh'ter .In daw", n. 
The wife of one's son.— daugh'ter-ly, o. 
Like a daughter. _ . . ., x 

daunt d , 1 dont; 2 dant, vt. To intimidate; 
cow; tame.— dauntless, a. Fearless; in- 
trepid, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dau'phln, ) 1 de'fin; 2 da'fin, n. The eldest 

dau'fln p , J son of the king of Franoe.— 
dau'phlne, n. The wife of a dauphin. 

dav'lt, 1 dav'lt; 2 dav'lt, n. A small crane 
on a ship's side, as for hoisting or lowering 

daw, 1 do; 2 da, n. A jackdaw. 

daw 'die, 1 de'dl; 2 da'dl, vt. A vi. [daw'- 
dl(ic)d p ; daw'dling.J To loiter; trifle.— 
daw'dler, n. 

dawn, 1 don; 2 dan. I. vi. To begin to 
grow light. II. n. The first appearance 
of jight in the morning; daybreak; a, 

day, 1 d€; 2 da, n. 1. The period of day- 
light. 2. The twenty-four hours from 
midnight to midnight. 3. A period; an 
age; a battle, or its result.— day' «book», 
n. The book in which transactions are 
recorded as they take place.- dsy'break", 
n. Dawn.— day •dream, n. A reverie.— 
day'ltght", n. The light of day.-day'- 
spring", n. [Poet.l The early dawn.— 
day «star, n. The star of morning or 
dawn; an emblem of hope.— day'tlme", a. 
The time between sunrise and sunset. 

daze, 1 dez; 2 das. I. vt. [dazed; dat- 
ing.] To stupefy; bewilder. II. n. 
Stupefaction; bewilderment. 

dazzle, ) 1 daVl; 2 das'l, vt. & vi. [daz'- 

daz1 p , Jzled, daz'ld*; daz'zling.J To 
blind for a moment by excess of light; be 
blindingly bright; fascinate; bewilder. 

de-, prefix. From; down; out: used with priv- 
ative, intensive, or completive force; as, de- 
face, degrade, deprave, derail. In some 
words it is equivalent to Die-. 

dea'con, 1 dl'kn; 2 de'en, n. A subordi- 
nate church officer.— dea'con-ess, n. fern. 
— dea'con-ry, dea'con-shlp, n. The office, 
or term of office, of a deacon or deaconess. 

dead, 11 ded; 2 decl. 1. a. 1. Lifeless; 

ded", /insensible; numb; motionless; in- 
animate; dull. 2. Complete; utter; ab- 
solute. 3. Unproductive; useless. 11* 
n. 1. The most lifeless period, as of 
night. 2. Dead persons collectively.— 
dead 'en, 1 ded'n; 2 dftd'n. til. To dimin- 
ish in force; dull; retard.— deadli-nesa, 
n.- deadly, 1 ded'n; 2 dCd'ly. I. a. 1. 
Liable or certain to cause death; fatal. !• 
Aiming to kill; mortal; Implacable. 3. like 

1: as final; i = habit; utele; an = out; all; fu = fet«d; *hin; go; nosing; thin, this. 
f: wolf,dft; bdok. bSbt; full, rule, cure, but, burn; 611, bty", fo, ftem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 


death; deathly. II. adv. In a deadly man- 
ner.— dead'ness, n. 
deaf, \ 1 def ; 2 dfcf, a. Incapable or hard of 
def*, / hearing; unwilling to hear or comply. 

— deafen, 1 defn; 2 def'n, of. To make 
deaf; stun, as with noise.— deafly, adv.— 
dear 'mote", n. A deaf-and-dumb person. 

— deafness, n. 

deal. 1 dll; 2 del, v. [dealt, delt*; 1 delt, 
2 a61t; deal' inc.] I. t. To distribute; 
apportion; inflict. II. i. 1* To do busi- 
ness; trade. 2. To behave.— deal'er, n. 
One who deals in any sense; a trader.— 
dealing, n. A transaction; business. 

deals n. 1. A quantity or degree. 2. A 
distribution of cards; a single round. 3. 
A secret bargain. 

deal*, n. A board or plank, or the wood, 
as pine, of which it is made. 

dean, 1 din; 2 den, n. The chief officer of 
a cathedral; an executive officer of a col- 
lege.— dean'er-y, n. [-na*. pf .] The office, 
residence, or jurisdiction of a dean.— dean'- 
shlp, n. The office, rank, or title of a dean. 

dear, 1 dlr; 2 der. 1. a. Beloved; 
precious; costly. II. n. One greatly 
beloved; a darling. III. adv. Dearly. 
IV. \nterj . An exclamation of regret, sur- 
prise, etc. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dearth, 1 durth; 2 dSrth, n. Scarcity; 

death, 1 deth; 2 dSth, n. Cessation of life; 
extinction; destruction.— deathless, a. Un- 
dying; unending; perpetual. — death '11- 
ness, ».— deathly. I. a. 1. Having the 
semblance or suggestion of death, death' - 
like*. 2. Deadly. II. adv. Like death. 

de-bar % 1 di-bar'; 2 de-bar', vt. To bar or 
shut out; preclude; hinder: commonly 
with from. 

de-bark*. 1 di-bork/; 2 de-bark', vL & vt. 
To set or go ashore.— de"bar-ka'tton, n. 

de-base', 1 di-beV; 2 de-bas 7 , vt. (de- 
based'*; de-bas'ing.] To lower in charac- 
ter or quality; depreciate; degrade, -ment, 
n.— de-bas'er. n.— de-baslng-ly, adv. 

de-bate', 1 di-beV; 2 de-bat'. L vt. & vi. 
[DE-BArED 41 ; de-bat'ino.] To discuss; 
argue; consider; reflect. H. n. The 
discussing of any question; argumenta- 
tion; dispute.- de-bat'a-bKe*, a.- de-baf- 
er, n. 

de-bauch', 1 di-becV; 2 de-bach'. I*. 
vt. & vi. To make or become corrupt in 
morals; lead astray; seduce; pervert. II. 
n. An act or occasion of debauchery; a 
carouse. — deb"au-chee / , l deb'o-shT; 2 
deb'o-chC, n. A drunkard or libertine — 
de-bauch'er-y, n. [-lis*. pi.J Licentious- 
ness: drunkenness. 

de-ben 'ture, 1 di-ben'diur or -tiur; 2 de- 


ben'chur or -tQr, n. A bond, certificate, 
or the like. 

de-bllf-tate, 1 di-bil'i-tst; 2 dc-bll'i-tat, vt. 
|-tat "EDa ; -tat Ing.] To weaken.— de-bU'- 
I-ty, n. Abnormal weakness; languor. 

deb'lt, 1 deb'it; 2 dfib'it. P. ttfVTo enter 
on the debtor side of an account; charge, 
as with debt. II. n. The debtor side of an 
account ; a record of debt ; something owed. 

deb"o-nalr', 1 deb'o-nar': 2 deVo-nar\ a. 
Gentle or courteous; affable; complaisant. 
— deb'o-nalrTy, adv. 

de-bouch't, 1 dVbilsV; 2 de-buch', w*. 
To emerge or Issue, as a river.— de*boo"« 
chore', l de'ba'shur'; 2 de'bu'chur', a. The 
opening out of a valley, stream, or the like. 

debris 7 , 11 de'brl' or dg'bn, deb"rl'; 2 de> 

deb"rl8',jbrl' or de/bri, deVrf', n. Ac- 
cumulated fragments; rubbish. 

debt, 1 det; 2 dSt, n. That which one 
owes; an obligation; indebtedness; tres- 
pass.— debt'or, n. One who Is In debt. 

de*bat', 1 dew; 2 deW. n. A first 
appearance, as in society; first attempt. 
-de vr bu"tanf, ldfi-bu'tfin'; 2de/bu'tan\ 
n. One who makes a d£but.— de^bu*- 
tante% 1 dCbtl'tanf ; 2 de"bu'taht', n. fern. 

dec'ade, 1 dek'ed; 2 deV&d,n. A period 
of ten years; a set of ten. dec'adt. 

de-ca'denee, 1 di-ke'dens; 2 de-ca/dene, n. 
Deterioration; decline; decay, de-ca'den- 
cy t.— de-ea'dent, a. Falling Into ruin; de- 
caying; declining. 

dec'a-gon, 1 dek'e-gen; 2 dSc'a-gon, n. A 
figure with ten sides and ten angles. 

decra-gram, dec'a-lFter or -tre, dec'a- 
me"tcr or -tre. See metric system . 

dec"a-he'dron, 1 dek"e-hl'dren; 2 deVa- 
hS'drdn, n. A solid bounded by ten 
plane faces. 

dec'a-log, 11 dek'a-leg; 2 dee'a-log, n. 
moral law. 

dec 'a-logue, j The ten commandments; the 

de-camp '*, 1 di-kamp'; 2 de-camp', vi. To 
break camp; run away.— de-csmp'ment, n. 

de-cant ' d , 1 di-kant'; 2 de-eant', vt. To 
pour off gently.— de"can-ta'tlon, n.— de- 
cant'er, n. An ornamental bottle for wine, 
water, etc. 

de-cap '1-tate, 1 di-kap'i-tst; 2 de-eap'i- 
tat, vt. f-TAT"ED«*; -tat'inol] To be- 
head.— de-cap"l-ta'tion, n. 

de-cay', 1 di-ke'; 2 de-ca'. I. vt. Avi. To 
affect or be affected by decay; impair: 
deteriorate; decline. If. n. A gradual 
decline; decomposition; corruption; rot- 

de-cease', 1 di-els'; 2 de-oeV. I. vi. 

, [de-ceased'*; de-cbas'inq.J To die. II* 
n. Death.— de-ceased', pa. Dead. 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get^ prty ; hit, police ; ^ 

ft: art,ape,fat*fare,fast,what,aU; ine\ get, prgy, fern; hTt,Ice;I=«; i=e;g6,not,«r, won. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


de-celt % 1 di-slt'; 2 de-ceV, n. The act of 
deceiving; deception; fraud.— de-celt'fal, a. 
False; tricky; fraudulent, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

de-eet?e',)l di-slV: 2 de-ceV, vt. [de- 

de-eelv'*, /ceht^d'* 1 : de-ceiv / ing.1 To 
mislead, as by falsehood; impose upon; 
delude. — de-cel v'a-bl (e*, a. Capable of be- 
ing deceived.— de-celv'er, ft. One who de- 

De-cem'ber, 1 di-eem'bar; 2 de-cem'ber, n. 
Twelfth month of the year, having 31 days. 

de'cen-cy, 1 dl'sen-si; 2 de'cen-cy, n. 
[-cies*, pJ.] Propriety; modesty; that 
which is decent. 

de-cen'nl-al, 1 di-sen'i-el; 2 de-cen'i-al, a. 
Continuing for ten years; occurring every 
ten years. 

de'cent,ldl'sent;2de'cent,a. 1. Proper; 
decorous; respectable; modest; chaste. 
2. Sufficient; passable; moderate, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

de-cep'tion, 1 di-sep'&sn; 2 de-cep'shon, n. 
The act of deceiving; deceit; a delusion. 

de-cep'tive, ) 1 di-sep'tiv; 2de-cSp'tIv, a. 

de-cep'tiv 8 , J Having power or tendency to 
deceive, -ly, adv. 

d e cl - g r a m or -gramme, 1 des'i- 


or -gramme, 1 des'i-gram, 

gram, dec'i-ll*ter or -tre, dec'l-me"ter or 

n, 2 dec'l- 

-tre, dec"l-stere'. See metric system. 

de-dde', 1 di-soid'; 2 de-cid', vt. & vi. 
[DB-cn>'ED d ; db-cid'inq.J To determine 
authoritatively; conclude; adjudge; arbi- 
trate; resolve.— de-dd'ed, pa. 1. Unques- 
tionable; unmistakable. 2. Determined; reso- 
lute; emphatic— de-dd'ed-ly, adv. 

de-cki'a-ous, 1 di-sid'yu-os; 2 de-cfd'yu- 
tts, a. 1. A falling off at maturity, as 
leaves, etc. 2. Sheading leaves annually, 
as a tree, etc.— de-cld'u-ous-ly, adv.— de- 
dd'a-ous-ness, n. 

deel-mal, 1 des'i-msl; 2 deVi-mal. I. a. 
Pertaining to or founded on the number 
10; proceeding by tens or tenths. II. n. 
A decimal fraction, or one of its digits.— 
decimal fraction, a fraction whose denomi- 
nator (usually unexpressed) Is 10 or a power of 
10.— d. point, a dot or period used before a 
decimal fraction.- dect-mal-ly, adv.— dee'- 
l-mate, l desVmet; 2dec'l-mat, ttf. 1-mat'- 
«>d; -mat'ino,] To kill one out of every 
ten of; destroy numbers of.— dec*l-ma'tion, 
n.— decl-ma'tor, n. 

de-cl'pher, ) 1 di-soi'f er; 2 de-cl'fer, vt. To 

de-dTei*, J make out, as secret or difficult 
writing.— de- d 'pher- a- bl(e*, a.— de-cl'- 
pher-er, n. 

de-d'fton, 1 di-etfen; 2 de-clsh'on, n. 1. 
The act of deciding; a fixed intention; 
settlement; judgment of a court. 2* 
firmness; determination. 


de-ci'sive,) 1 di-soi'siv; 2 de-cl'slv, a. 
de-ci'slv*, / Putting an end to debate or 

3uestion; conclusive; positive; decided. 
y, adv. -ness, ft. 

deck% 1 dek; 2 dek, vt. 1. To dress 
elegantly; adorn; decorate. 2. To put a 
deck on. 

deck, n. 1. Naut. A platform or floor 
across a vessel; the space between two 
such platforms. 2. A car-roof. 3. A 
pack of playing-cards. 

de-clalm', 1 di-klem'; 2 de-clam', vt. & vi. 
To deliver oratorlcally; recite .— de-clalm'er, 
n.— dec"la-ma'tion, n. The act of declaim- 
ing; empty oratory; something recited or to be 
recited from memory .— de-clam'a-to-iy, 1 
di-klam'8-to-ri; 2 de-elam'a-to-ry, a. Using, 
characterized by, or pertaining to declama- 

de-clare', 1 di-klaV; 2 de-clar', vt. & vi. 
[db-clabed'; de-clar'ing.] To reveal; 
explain; assert positively; announce for- 
mally.— decla-ra'tlon, 1 dek'ld-rCShen; 2 
dee'la-ra'shon, n. A formal, positive, or ex- 
plicit statement.— de-clar'a-to-ry, l di-klar'- 
e-to-n; 2 de-clar'a-to-ry, a. Making a declara- 
tion; affirmative. de-clar / a-tlv(e B t. 

de-clen'slon, 1 di-klen'slian; 2 de-elSn'- 
shon, n. 1. Gram. The inflection, as of 
nouns by cases. 2. The act of declining. 
3. A slope; incline; decline; deterioration. 

de-cline', 1 di-klain'; 2 de-clln'. 1. vt. & 
vi. [de-clinbd'j de-clin'inq.J 1. Tore- 
fuse; reject. 2. To bend down; depress; 
decay; diminish. 3. To inflect, as a 
noun. H. n. The act or result of de- 
cliningK deterioration; decay — de - clln'a • 
bl(e*, 1 di-klaln'e-bl; 2 de-elln'a-bl, a. Ca- 
pable of being declined.— dec"ll-na'tlon, 1 
dekTi-ng'Shen; 2 deeli-na'shon. n. 1. The 
act of declining; descent; slope; deterioration; 
decay. 2. Refusal; non-acceptance. 8. As- 
tron. The angular distance of a heavenly body 
from the celestial equator. 

de-cllv'l-ty, 1 di-kliv'i-ti; 2 de-euVi-ty, n. 
[-ties*, pi.] A downward slope, as of a 
bill or mountain.— de-cllvl-tous, a. Sloping. 

de-coc'tlon, 1 di-kek' alien; 2 de-coe'shon. 
n. The act of boiling; an extract made 
by boiling.— de-coctf d, vt. To make a decoc- 
tion of; cook. 

de'co-here', l dl'ko-hlr'; 2 dCeo-Mr', vt. To 
cause to cease cohering. 

de^coI1e-W, 1 de'koiVtS'; 2 de/eol'e-te/, 
pa. 1. Cut low in the neck, as a dress. 2. 
Having the neck and shoulders bare. 

de-col 'or, ) l dl-kul'er; 2 de-col'or. vt. To 

de-cuTor p , /bleach, de-col 'or-lseor-iset; 
de-cul'oMxe p t.- de-coTor-a'tlon, n. A 
bleaching or a bleached condition. 

de"com-pose', 1 dlTcem-pSs'; 2 de'eom- 

1: • = final; i = habit; crista; on = out; ell; 111 = feud; ^hin; go; Tj = sln<7; €hln, t 
S: W9lf,d0; bdbk, bdot; fnU, rffle, cttre, bdt,bOrn; 611, bdy; fo, gem; ink; thin, thii. 

'Digitized by VjjOOQLC 


p6s/ f vt. A vi. [-posed'; -fos'ing.J To 
separate into constituent parts; decay; 
putrefy.— de-eom"po-sl'tioii, n. The act, 
process, or result of decomposing; dissolution; 

dec'o-rote. 1 dek'o-r€t; 2 deVo-rat, vt. 
[-rat'ed^; -rat'ing.] To adorn; orna- 

dec"o-ra'tion, 1 dek'o-rg'slien; 2 deVo- 
r&'shon, n. The act or art of decorating; 
ornamentation; an ornament: a badge of 
honor.— dec'o-r»/'ttv(e«, a. Ornamental.— 
dec'o— raptor, n. 

de-co'rous, 1 di-kS'rus or dek'o-rus: 2 
de-eS'riis or deVo-rus, o. Proper; be- 
coming; suitable, -ly, adv. -neat, n. 

de-co'rum, 1 di-k5'rum; 2 de-ed'rum, n. 
Propriety, as in manner, conduct, etc. 

de-coy % 1 di-kei'; 2 de-c6y / . I. vt. To 
entice, as into a snare: draw on so as to 
entrap. II. n. One who or that which 
decoys; a lure. 

de-crease % 1 di-krte / ; 2 de-eres'. I. vt. A vi. 
[de-creased'*; de-creas'ingJ To di- 
minish gradually: reduce. II. n. ( The 
act, process, or state of decreasing; the 
amount or degree of loss; diminution. 

de-cree', 1 di-krl'; 2 de-er€'. I. vt. A vi. 
[de-creed'; de-cree'ing.] To order, or- 
dain, or appoint by law or by edict; issue 
a decree. II. n. A law; edict. 

dec 're-men t, 1 dek'n-ment or -mant; 2 
dee're-ment, n. A decreasing; loss by 
decrease; waste. 

de-crep'lt, 1 di-krep'it; 2 de-erep'it, a. 
Enfeebled, as by old age; broken down. 
de-crep'tdi.— de-crepl-tude, n. Enfee- 
blement, as through old age. 

de"cre-scen'do, 1 de"kre-snen'do: 2 de'ere- 
shen'do, n. Mm. Gradual decrease In tone. 


de-cry % 1 di-krai'; 2 de-erl', vt. [de- 
cried'; de-cry'ing.] To disparage; tra- 
duce.— de-cri'al, n. The act of decrying. 

ded'1-cate. 1 ded'i-kst; 2 d§d'i-eat. I. vt. 
[-CAT'EDd; -ca.t"inq.1 1. To consecrate; 
devote. 2. To preface with a dedication. 
II. a. Dedicated; devoted.— ded"l-ca'tlon, 
n. 1. The act of dedicating. 3. An inscrip- 
tion, as to a friend, prefixed to a book.— 
dedl-ca-to-ry, a. 

de-duce', 1 di-dius 7 ; 2 de-dfic^, vt. [de- 
duced'*; de-duc'inq.J 1. To infer; con- 
clude. 2. To trace, as derivation.— de-duC- 
l-bl(e p , a. Capable of being deduced. 

de-duct ' d , 1 di-dukt'; 2 de-duet', vt. To 
subtract; take away.— de-dnctlon, l di- 
duk'shan; 2 de-due'shon, ft. The act of de- 
ducing or of deducting; an inference; con- 
clusion: subtraction; abatement — de-due'- 


ttv(e», a. Proceeding by deduction; inferen- 
tial; deducible. -ly, adv. 

deed, 1 did; 2 d€d. I<*. vt. To convey by 
deed. II. n. 1. Anything done; an act; 
achievement. 2. Fact; truth; reality. 8* 
A document conveying property. 

deem, 1 dim; 2 dSm, vt. & vi. To decide, 
judge; consider; regard; believe. 

deep, 1 dip; 2 dep. 1. a. 1. Extending 
far downward, backward, or inward; pro- 
found; extreme; heartfelt. 2. Sagacious; 
penetrating; also, scheming; designing. 
3. Low in tone; dark in hue. II. n. That 
which has great depth; an abyss; the sea. 
III. adv. Deeply, -ly, adv. -nest, ft.— 
deep'en, 1 dlp'n; 2 dBp'n, vt. A vt. To make 
or become deep or deeper. 

deer, 1 dlr; £ der, n. [deer, pi.) A fleet 
ruminant, as the moose, elk, and reindeer. 

de-face', 1 di-fes'; 2 de-fac', vt. [de- 
faced'*; de-fac'ing.] To mar; disfigure. 
— de-face'ment, ». The act of defacing, 
or state of being defaced. 

de fac 'to, 1 dl f ak'to ; 2 d§ f ac'to. Actually 
existing, as a government. 

defal-ca'tlon, 1 def 'al-kg'slien; 2 deTal- 
ea'shon, n. A fraudulent appropriation 
of funds; embezzlement; also, a deficit. 

de-fame', 1 di-fem'; 2 de-fam', vt. A vi. 
[de-famed'; de-fam'inq.] To calumniate; 
Slander.— defa-ma'tion, l def "s-mrsnen; 
2 dei'a-mfi'shon, ft. The act of defaming; as- 
persion; calumny.— de-fam's-to-ry,a. Slan- 

de-fault' d , 1 di-felt'; 2 de-fajt' t v. I. t. 
To make default in; neglect; declare in 
default. II. i. To make a default.— de- 
fault'er, n. One who defaults; an embez- 

de-fault', n. 1. A failure in an obligation 
or duty; failure to appear or plead in a 
suit. 2. Want or deficiency; lack. 

de-fea'sance, 1 di-fi'zans; 2 de-fe'sanc, n. 
Annulment.— de-fea'sl-bl(e p , 1 di-fTxt-bl; 
2 de-fS'sHbl, a. Capable of being annulled. 

de-feat', 1 di-flt'; 2 de-fet'. l<*. vt. To 
overcome; vanquish; frustrate. II* n. 
An overthrow; frustration; an annulment. 

de-fect', 1 di-fekt'; 2 de-feet', n. Lack of 
something essential; imperfection; blem- 
ish; failing; fault.— de-fectlon, 1 <h-fek'- 
snen; 2 de-fee'shon, n. Abandonment of 
allegiance; desertion .— de-fec'tl? (e», a. In- 
complete; Imperfect; faulty, -ly, ode. 
-nets, n. 

de-fence', -less, etc. Same as defense, etc. 

de-fend '<i, 1 di-fend'; 2 de-fend', vt. A vi. 
To protect; maintain; justify; vindicate; 
make defense.— de-fend'a-bl(e p , a.— de- 
fen'dant, n. One against whom a legal ac- 

1: artistic, Art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , go" ; net,er ; full* rttle ; bot,bOrn. 
ft: Mrt,ape,fat,fare,fast,what,jjll; m«,g€t,prgy, fern; bit,Ice;I=C;i=e;g6,ndt,or,w*a, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ttoD to brought; atoo. a defender — de-fend'- 
er, n. One who defends; a champion. 

de-fense', ) 1 di-fens'; 2 de-fens', n. The 

de-fence % j act of defending; anything that 
defends; a plea in justification; excuse; 
apology.— de-fense'less, de-fenceless, a. 
Unprotected.— de-fen"si-blFI-ty, de-fen'- 
si-bi(e-iies8', n — de-fen'sl-bKe*, a. Ca- 
pable of being defended.— de-fen'slY(e*. L 
a. Intended or suitable for defense; done in 
defense; making defense. II. n. An attitude 
or condition of defense. -ly, adv. 

de-fer' 1 , 1 di-fur 7 ; 2 de-fer\ v. [de- 
febrbd', de-ferd' 8 ; db-feb'bing.] t. t. 
To put off; postpone. II. *. To delay; wait. 

de-fer^, v. fDE-ncRRED'; de-fer'bing.] 
I|. t. To submit or refer (something) re- 
spectfully: with to before the indirect ob- 
ject. II. t. To yield respectfully; sub- 
mit: with to.— derer-ence, l defsr-ens; 2 
def er-ehc, n. Respectful yielding; respect; 
regard.— defer-en'tlal, a. Respectful, -ly, 

de-fl'ant, 1 di-fai'ent; 2 de-fi'ant, a. 
Characterised by defiance.— de-flPanee, n. 
The act of defying; a challenge; bold opposi- 

de-fl'efent, 1 di-fisVent; 2 de-ffah'ent, a. 
Lacking; incomplete; imperfect; defective. 
-Iy y adv.— de-o'clen-cy, ldi-nsh'en-ei; 2de- 
flsh'en-cy, n. (-eras', j»l.) Lack; insufficiency; 

def'l-clt, 1 def'i-eit; 2 def'i-cXt, n. A 
deficiency, or falling short in amount; 

de-file", 1 di-foil'; 2 de-f!l' t vt. [de-filed'; 
de-fil'ing.1 To pollute; debauch; vio- 
late.— de-flle'ment, n. The act of defiling, 
or state of being defiled; uncleanness; pollu- 
tion.- de-fil'er, n. 

de-file's vt. To march by files; file off. 

de-file', n. 1. A long narrow pass; gorge. 
2. Mil. A marching in file. 

de-fine', 1 di-foin'; 2 de-fin', t>. [de-fined'; 
de-fin / ing.] 1. To state the meaning of; 
explain. 2. To bring out the outlines of ; 
determine exactly.— de-fln'a-blCe*, a. Ca- 
pable of being defined.— de-fln'er, n. 

def 'i-nlte, ) 1 def 'i-nit ; 2 dei'i-nlt, a. Hav- 

def'l-nlt 8 , jing precise limits; determined; 
clear; precise, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— de-fin'- 
fr»tlv(e>. I. a. Sharply defining or limiting; 
explicit; positive. II. n. A word that de- 
fines or limits, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

den-nl'tlon, 1 defVnisVen; 2 defi- 
nbh'on, n. 1. An explanation of a word 
or thing that distinguishes it from all 
other things. 2. The act of defining. 3. 
The state of being definite; definitiveness; 
the power of a lens to give a distinct 


de-fleet '<*, 1 di-flekt'; 2 de-fleet', vt. & ti. 
To swerve or cause to swerve; bend or 
turn from a course.— de-flee'tlon, m. A 
turning aside; deviation. 

de-flow 7 er, 1 dl-flau'er; 2 dS-flow'er, vt. To 
deprive of flowers or bloom; despoil; 

de-form', 1 di-fdrm'; 2 de-fdrm', vt. To 
render misshapen; distort; disfigure.— 
def "or-ma'tton, ».— de - formed', pa.— 
de-for'nil-tr, l di-fefmi-ti; 2 de-fdr*- 
mi-ty, it. [-ties*, vt.) A deformed state; a 
misshapen part; disfigurement; unslgbtU- 

de-fraud'*, l di-fred'; 2 de-frad', vt. TO 
deprive of something by fraud; cheat; 
swindle.— de-fraud'er, n. 

de-fray', 1 di-fre'; 2 de-frft', vt. To make 
payment for; bear the expense of; pay. 

— de-fray'al, n. The act of defraying, da* 
fragment J.— de-fray'er, n. 

deft, 1 deft; 2 deft, a. Neat and skilful; 
handy; apt; clever, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

de-funet', 1 di-funkt'; 2 de-funet'. I. a. 
Dead; deceased; extinct. II. n. A dead 
person; the dead. 

de-fy', 1 di-foi'; 2 de-fY, vt. [de-fied', 1 
-faid', 2 -fid'; de-ft'inq.1 To challenge 
or dare; act in despite of; resist openly or 

de-gen 'er-ate, 1 di-jen'er-et; 2 de-gen'Sr- 
fit. I. vi. [-AT*RD d ; -at'inq.1 To be- 
come worse; decline; deteriorate. II. 1 
di-jen'er-it; 2 de-4en'er-at, o. Deterio- 
rated; degraded. III. n. A deteriorated 
or degraded individual, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

— de-gen'er-e-ey, i di-Jen'er-e-si; 2 de- 
gen'er-a-cy, n. The state of being degen- 
erate; the act or process of degenerating.— 
de-gen"er-atlon, n. The act, state, or 
process of degenerating; decline; deteriora- 

deg"lu-tl'tion, i deglu-ti&'en; 2 dgftlu- 
tfeh'on, n. The act, process, or power of 

de-grade'. 1 di-grSd'; 2 de-grftd', ». [db- 
grad'ed*; de-gbad'inq.1 I. *. To re- 
duce in rank; debase in character or qual- 
ity; make mean or contemptible. II. t. 
To decline in character, reputation, or 
standing; degenerate.— deg"ra-da't!on, n. 
The act of degrading, or the state of being 
degraded.— de-gradfng-ly, adv. 

de-gree', 1 di-gri'; 2 de-ire*, n. 1. One of 
a series of steps; grade; rank; station; 
amount; intensity. 2. One of the three 
forms in which an adjective or an adverb 
is compared; as, the positive, compara- 
tive, and superlative degree*. 3. An 
honorary title. 

1: •=: final; i = habit; aisle; miseut; ell; la := feud; 4hln; go; Q**alng; thin, this. 
«: wolf, do,;bdbk, boot; fulL. rule, cOre, but, born; oil, boy; fco, *em* Ink; thin, I 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


de-hte'cence, 1 di-his'ens; 2 de-hls'enc, n. 
A gape; opening.— de-hls'cent, a. 

de'l-fy ? 1 dfi-fai; 2 dG'i-fl, vt. [-fied, 
1 -faid, 2 -fid; -ft'ing.1 To regard or 
worship as a god; adore.— aet-fl-ca'tton, n. 

deign, 1 d6n; 2 den, vt. To stoop to com- 
pliance; condescend; vouchsafe. 

de'lsm, 1 dl'ism; 2 deism, n. The belief of 
the existence of God, with disbelief of 
Christianity.— deist, n. A believer In deism. 
-de-is'tlc,a. de-ls'tl-calt. 

de'l-ty, 1 dl'i-ti; 2 d8'i-ty, n. J-tieb", pJ.] 

I. A divine person; god. 2. [D-] The one 
true God. 3. Godhead; divinity. 

de-Ject' d , 1 di-jekt'; 2 de-jeet', vt. To de- 
press the spirits of; discourage.— de-Ject'- 
ed, pa. Depressed; disheartened, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n — fie*Jec'tlon, n. Depression ; mel- 

dek'a-gram, etc. Same as decagram, etc. 

de-lay ', 1 di-16'; 2 de-la', v. 1. *. To put 
off; postpone; detain; retard; hinder. 

II. t. Toactslowly; procrastinate. 
de-lay', n. A putting* off; postponement; 

procrastination; hindrance. [delete. 

dele, 1 dl'li; 2 d6'16, vt. Prim. To take out; 
de-lec'ta-ble, U di-lek'te-bl; 2 de-lec'ta- 
de-lec'ta-blr, Jbi, a. Delightful; charm- 
ing, -ness, n.— de-lec'ta-bly, adv.— de*- 

lee-ta'tlon, n. Delight. 
del'e-gate, 1 del'i-g6t; 2 deTe-gat. I. «*. 

[-gat'ed* 1 ; -oat "mo.] 1. To send as a 

representative; depute. 2. To commit; 

entrust. II. a. Sent as a deputy. III. 

i*. A representative; deputy.— del"e-ga'- 

tlon, n. The act of delegating; a delegate; 

delegates collectively. 
de-lete', 1 di-llt'; 2 de-leV, vt. [oe-let'- 

BD d ; dk-let / inq.] To blot out; erase; 

cancel; dele.— de-le / tlon, n. Erasure. 
dePe-te'ri-ous, 1 del'i-tl'ii-us; 2 deTe- 

t&'ri-tis, o. Hurtful ; injurious ; pernicious. 

-ness, n. 
delft, \ 1 delft, delf ; 2 deift, delf , n. A colored 
delf, / glazed earthenware made first at Delft, 

In Holland. 
de-llb 'er-ate, 1 di-lib'ar-et; 2 de-llb'Sr-at. 

I. vt. & vi. |-AT"ED d ; -at'inq.J To weigh 
in the mind; consider; ponder; hesitate. 

II. 1 di-lib'er-it; 2 de-lIb'Sr-at, a. Acting 
with deliberation; elow; cautious; leisure- 
ly; Intentional. -ly, adv. -ness, n.— de- 
tib"er-a'tion, n. The act of deUberatlng; 
slowness In action; forethought; Intention. 
— de-llb / er-a-tlT(e«, a. Pertaining to, char- 
acterized by, or existing for deliberation. 

del'i-cate, 1 del'i-kit; 2 deTi-eat, a. 1. 
Fine and light; daintily pleasing; finely 
wrought; tender; frail; fragile. 2. Re- 
fined: pure; chaste; dainty; sensitive. 
'If, adv. -ness, n.— deli-ea-ey, 1 del'i- 


ks-n; 2 deTI-ea-cy, n. [-ens*, pi.) 1. 
Fineness; daintiness: sensitiveness; fragil- 
ity. 2. A luxury; dainty. S. Refinement; 
fastidiousness; nicety. 

deTf-ca-tes'sen, l del'i-ke-tes'en; 2 dfill- 
ea-tes'en, n. pi. Table delicacies. 

de-U'clous, 1 di-iisVus; 2 de-Ush'fis, a. 
Extremely pleasant or grateful, -ly, ads. 

de-llght'd, ) i di-lait'; 2 de-lit', v. 1. 1. To 

de-Ute' p , / please or gratify highly; charm. 
II. i. To rejoice: followed by in or an 

de-llght', n. Joyful satisfaction, or that 
which affords it.— de-Ilght'ful, a. Afford- 
ing delight; gratifying; charming, de-ligtat'- 
somet. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

de-Un'e-ate, 1 di-lin'i-et; 2 de-ttn'e-at, vt. 
[-at'ed* 1 ; -at'ing.J To draw in outline; 
portray; depict; describe.— de-lin'e-atton, 
n. The act or art of delineating; a por- 
trait; sketch — de-lin'e-a"tor, n. 

de-lln'quent, 1 di-lin'kwent; 2 de-Un'- 
kwent. I. a. 1. Neglectful of duty; 
faulty. 2. Due and unpaid, as taxes. 
II. n. One who fails in duty or who com- 
mits a fault.— de-Hn'quen-cy, n. [-gibs', pi.] 
The fact of being delinquent; neglect; fault. 

deW-quesce', 1 del'i-kwes'; 2 deTi-kwes', 
vi. pQUESCED't; -quesc'ing.1 To become 
liquid by absorption of moisture from the 
air.— dell-qiies'cenee, n. — dell-ques'- 
cent. a. 

de-llrl-ous, 1 di-hVi-us; 2 de-fiVi-us, a. 

* Suffering from delirium, -ly, adv. -ness, ». 

de-llr'l-um, 1 di-lirVum; 2 de-uVi-tim, n. 
1. Mental aberration, as in fever; wan- 
dering of the mind. 2. Intense excite- 
ment; rapture. 

de-llv'er, 1 di-liv'er; 2 de-Hv'er, vt. 1. To 
set free; rescue; save. 2. To give; give 
up; communicate. 8. To utter; speak 
formally.— de-llr'er-ance, n. The act of 
delivering; rescue; release; expression of 
opinion.— de-llv'er-er, n. One who delivers. 
— de-Uv'er-y, n. 1-ies«, pi.) 1. The act 
of delivering; release; transference; sur- 
render. 2. Mode of utterance, as in pub- 
lic speaking. 

dell, \l del; 2 del, n. A small secluded 

del*, /valley. 

del'ta, 1 dei'te; 2 deTta, n. The fourth 
letter in the Greek alphabet (A, 6); a 
triangle, as of land; the mouth of a river. 

de-lude', 1 di-liud'; 2 de-lud', vt. [de-lud'- 
En d ; de-lud'ino.] To mislead; be- 
guile; deceive.— de-lud'er, n. 

del'ugcldel'yuj^dgl'yug. I. vt. [del'- 
ugbd; del'ug-ing.J To overwhelm with 
water; inundate. II. n. A flood: inun- 

1: artistic, Art; fat, fare; fast ; get, prey; bit, police; obey, gO; net,er; full, rftle; but, bOra. 
2: Hrt,ipe,fat,fare,fast,what,8>U; me\g£t,pre.y, fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; i=e; go,ndt,Or, wan, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


Je-lu'sfon, 1 dVliu'ssn; 2 de-lu'zhon, n. 
The act of deluding; belief of what does 
not exist; deception.— de-lu'slv(e*« a. 
Tending to delude; misleading; deceptive. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

delve, \ 1 delv; 2 dSlv, vt. & vi. [delv(e)d«; 

delv", J oelv'ino.] To make laborious re- 
search ; dig ; fathom. [cipled politician. 

dem'a-gog, > 1 demVgeg; 2 dem'a-g6g, 

dem'a-gogue, J n. An artful and unprin- 

de-maln', n. Same as demesne. 

de-ma nd', 1 di-mand'; 2 de-mand'. I d . 
vt. & vi. To claim as due; insist upon; 
need; require; make claim. II. n. The 
act of demanding, or that which is de- 
manded; requirement; claim; need. 

de"mar-ca'tlon, 1 dTmar-kg'slien; 2 d§'- 
mar-ea'shon, n. The fixing of boundaries ; 
limitation; limit fixed. de"mar-ka'tiont. 

d-marche', 1 dCmfirsn'; 2 dfi'march', n. 
[F-l 1. Change In plan. 2. Manner of pro- 

de-mean', 1 di-mln'; 2 de-men', vt. To 
behave; conduct: used reflexively.— de- 
mean'or, n. Behavior; bearing; deport- 
ment, de-mean'ourj. 

de-ment'ed, 1 di-ment'ed; 2 de-ment'Sd, 
pa. Deprived of reason ; insane ; imbecile. 
— de-men'tl-a, l di-men'sni-s; 2 de-men'- 
shi-a, n. Imbecility or Insanity. 

de-mer'lt, 1 dl-mer'it; 2 dfi-meVit, n. Ill 
desert; misconduct, or a mark denoting it. 

de-mesne', n. 1 di-men' or de-mln'; 2 de- 
men' or de-men', n. A manor-house and 
adjoining lands; domain. [Ceres. 

0e-me'ter, 1 di-mftar; 2 de-mCter, n. See 

demf-, prefix. Half; as, demigod, dmf-ctrcle. 

deml-god, 1 dem'i-ged; 2 dem'i-gM, n. 
The fabled offspring of a god and a mortal ; 
a godlike man. 

demf-John, 1 dem'i-jen; 2 dem'i-jon, n. 
A jug-like glass vessel enclosed in wicker- 

de-mlse't 1 di-mmV; 2 de-mis'. I. vt. & vi. 
[de-mised'; de-mis'inq.1 To bequeath; 
pass by bequest; give; convey; lease. 
II. n. Death, as of a sovereign; a trans- 
fer of property. 

de-mlt % 1 di-mit'; 2 de-mlt', vt. 1. To give 
up; resign. 2t. To release; dismiss. 

de-mlt', n. A letter of dismissal. 

de-moe'ra-cy, 1 di-mek'ra-si; 2 de-m6V- 
ra-cy, n. 1-cies», pi.] 1. Government 
directly by the people; the mass of the 
people. 2. [D-l U. S. Polit. The policy 
of the Democratic party; Democrats col- 
lectively.— dera'o-crat. n. 1. One who fa- 
vors a democracy, 2. ID-] fU. S.] A member 
of the Democratic party.— dem'o-crat'lc, a. 
Of or pertaining to a democracy or to dem- 


ocrats, or In United States politics [D-l to 
the party so designated, dem"o-crat1- 
cali. -cal-ly, adv. 
de-mol'lsta*, 1 di-mel'iah; 2 de-m&Tish, vt. 
To tear or throw down; destroy; ruin. 

— dcm"o-H'tlon, l dem*o-llsn'en; 2 dem'- 
o-llsh'on, n. The act of demolishing; de- 

de'mon, 1 dl'men; 2 dg'mon, n. 1. An 
evil spirit; devil. 2. Gr. Myth. A guard- 
Ian spirit, daemon!; dal'monj. 

de-mon'e-tlie or -Use, 1 dwnun'i-taiz; 2 
de-mdn'e-tlz, vt. [-nzED d ; -tcz'ing.I To 
divest of the character of standard money. 

— de-mon"e-tl-sa'tlon or -sa'tlon, n. 
de-mo 'ni-ac, 1 di-md'm-ak; 2 de-mS'ni-ae. 

I. a. Of or like a demon: devilish. 
de"mo-nt'a-cali, 1 drmo-nal'e-kel; 2 d6*- 
mo-nra-eal. de-mon'lc*. II. n. One pos- 
sessed of a demon; a lunatic. 

dem'on-strate, 1 dem'en-str§t or di-men'- 
strSt; 2 dSm'on-strat or de-mon'str&t, vt. 
[-ftTRAT # EDd; -strat'ing.J To prove 
with mathematical certainty; point out; 
make clear.— de- mon'stra-bl (e*. a. Capa- 
ble of positive proof. — de-mon'stra-bl(e- 
ness p , n. de-mon"stra-bll'l-ty$.— de- 
mon'stra-bly, adv. 

dem"on-stra'tlon, 1 dem'en-stre'&lien; 2 
dSm'on-stra'shon, n. 1. A process of 
reasoning that leads to an absolutely cer- 
tain conclusion, as in mathematics. 2* 
A pointing out; manifestation; exhibition. 

— de-mon'stra-tlvCe*, 1 di-men'stre-ttv; 2 
de-mon'stra-tlv. a. 1. Convincing; con- 
clusive. 2. Inclined to emotional mani- 
festation, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— dem'on- 
strs'tor, n. 

de-mor'al-lie or -Ise, 1 di-mer'el-aia; 2 
de-mor'al-Iz, vt. [-wed*; -iz'ing.1 1. To 
corrupt or deprave. 2. To disorganise 
and dishearten, as troops.— de-mor"al-l- 
sa'tlon or -sa'tlon, n. 

de-mul'eent, 1 di-mul'sent; 2 de-miil'cent. 
Med. I. a. Soothing. II. n. A soothing 

de-mur', 1 di-moV; 2 de-mur'. I. vi. 
f-MURREDVMURD'"; -mur'rinq.1 To object; 
hesitate. II. n. Hesitation; objection. 

de-mute', 1 di-miur'; 2 de-mur', o. Sedate; 
modest; also, prim; coy. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

de-mur 'rage, 1 di-muVij; 2 de-mur'ag, n. 
1 • The detention of a vessel or car beyond 
the specified time. 2. The compensation 
demanded or allowed for such delay. 

de-mur 'rer, 1 di-moVer; 2 de-mur'er, n. 
1. One who demurs. 2. Law. A denial 
of cause of action. 

den, 1 den ; 2 den, n. A cavern occupied by 
animals; a lair; a low haunt. 

1: a = final; i = habit; aisle; mi as out; ell; lu = fsud; 4hin; go; n = sin^; Chin, this. 
S: w^lf, do/, Mbk, bdot; foil, rule, cure, bile, burn; dll, b&y; to, ftem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 



de-na'tion-al-Ice or-lse, 1 dl-nasTi'an-sl- 
aiz; 2 dS-n8sh'oi>al-Iz, vt. [-ized* 1 ; -iz'- 
inq.] To deprive of nationality; change 
the nationality of .— de-na'tlon-al-l-za'- 
tlon or -sa'tlon, n. 

de-nat'u-ral-lze or -ise, i dl-nacn'u-[cr 
-nat'yu-]ral-aiz; 2 de-nach'u-Jor -nat'yu-]- 
ral-Iz, vt. [-izEDd; -iz'inq.] 1. To render 
unnatufal. 2. To denationalize. 3. To 

de-na'ture, 1 dl-ng'cliur or -tiur; 2 d5-na'- 
chur or -tur, vt. [-tubed* 1 ; -tub-ing.] To 
change the natural qualities of; adulterate ; 
specifically, of alcohol, to render unpala- 
table for drinking by disagreeable admix- 
ture, and thus free from internal-revenue 
tax, for use In industry and the arts, de-na'- 
tur-izei.— de-na"tur-a'tlon, n. 

den'drold, 1 den'dreid; 2 den'drSid, a. 
Treelike, den'drel-dalf. 

de-nl'al, 1 di-nai'al ; 2 de-nl'al, n. The act 
of denying; contradiction; disavowal; 
refusal. [citizen; inhabitant. 

den'i-zen, 1 den'i-zn; 2 den'i-zn, n. A 

de-nom'l-nate, 1 di-nem'i-net; 2 de-n8m'- 
i-nat, vt. [-NAT"ED d ; -nat'ing.] To name; 
call.— de-nomf -na-tivCe 8 , a. That gives or 
constitutes a name; appellative.— de-noml- 
na"tor, n. 1. One who or that which names. 
3. That term of a fraction denoting the num- 
ber of parts into which the unit Is divided. 

de-noml-na'tlon, 1 di-nemVng'slian; 2 
de-n8m"i-na / shon, n. 1. The act of 
naming; a name; appellation. 2. A dis- 
tinct body of Christians; a sect.— de-nom"!- 
na'tion-al, a. 

de-note', 1 di-not'; 2 de-not', vt. [de- 
not'ed^ de-not'ing.] To represent; 
signify; indicate. 

de-noue'ment, 1 d§-nu'man ; 2 de-ny'man, 
n. The catastrophe, as of a play; issue; 
outcome, de-nou'ment*. 

de-nounce', 1 di-nauns'; 2 de-nounc', vt. 
[de-nounced'*; de-nounc'ino.] To cen- 
sure vehemently; stigmatize; arraign; 
accuse; announce threateningly, as ven- 
geance; menace.— de-nounce'ment, n. 

dense. 1 dens; 2 d£ns, a. [dbns'eb; dens'- 
est.J 1. Compact in structure; thick; 
solid; close. 2. Obtuse; stupid; dull. 
-ly, adv.— den'sl-ty, l den'si-ti; 2 den'sl-ty, 
n. dense'nessi. 

dent, 1 dent; 2 dent. I d . vt. To make a 
dent in; indent. II. n. A small de- 
pression, as from a blow; indentation. 

den'tal, 1 den'tal; 2 den'tal, a. Of or per- 
taining to the teeth or dentistry.— den'tate, 
1 den'tet;2 den'tftt, a. Having teeth or tooth- 
like processes, -ly, adv.— den'tl-frlce, 1 den'- 
ti-frls; 2 den'ti-fric, n. A preparation for clean- 

ing the teeth.— den'tlst, n. One who oper- 
ates on the teeth.— den'ttst-ry, n. Dental 
surgery.— den-tl'tlon, l den-tisn'en; 2 den- 
tish'on, n. 1. The process or period of 
cutting the teeth. 2. Zooi. The system of 
teeth peculiar to an animal. 

de-nude', 1 di-niud'; 2 de-nud' t vt. [de- 
Nun'r.Dd; de-nud'ing.] To strip; make 

de-nun"ci-a'tion, 1 di-nun'si-fi'sTian; 2 de- 
nun'ci-a'shoni n. The act of denouncing; 
arraignment; accusation.— de-nun'd-a-to- 
ry, a. de-niurVJ-a-tivte 8 *. 

de-ny', 1 di-noi'; 2 de-nl', vt. & vi. [de- 
nied', 1-naid', 2 -nld'; de-ny'ing.[ To 
declare to be untrue; disown; refute; for- 
bid; answer in the negative. 

de-o'dor-ize or -Ise, 1 dl-6'dar-aiz; 2 d£- 
5'dor-lz, vt. [-izED d ; -iz'ing.I To de- 
stroy' the odor of, as by disinfectants.— 
de-o"dor-l-za'tlon or -sa'tlon, n.— de-o'- 
dor-lz"er or -Is"er, n. 

de-ox 'i-dlse or-dlse,ldl-oks / i-doiz; 2d§- 
6ks'i-dlz, vt. [-dized*; -diz'ing.] To de- 
prive of oxygen, de-oxf-datef.— de-ox"- 
£-dI-za'tlon or -sa'tlon, n. de-oxl-da'- 

de-part ' d , 1 di-part'; 2 de-part', vi. To go 
away; withdraw; deviate; die.— de-part'- 
ment, n. A division for a distinct purpose. 

— de"part-men'tal, a.— de-par / tnre, 1 cu- 
par'cTiur or -tiur; 2 de-paVchur or -tur, n. 
The act of departing; deviation; death. 

de-pend' d , 1 di-pend'; 2 de-pend', vi. 1^ 
To trust; rely; bo dependent. 2. To 
hang down. 

de-pen 'dent, 1 di-pen'dent; 2 de-pen'dent. 

1. *a. 1. Depending upon something 
exterior; subordinate; contingent; needy. 

2. Hanging down; pendent. II. n. 1. 
One who depends on another; a retain- 
er. 2. A consequence; corollary, de-pen'- 
dant?.— de-pen'dence, n. The act of de- 
pending, or the state of being dependent; 
reliance; trust; subordination; something 
relied upon, de - pen ' dance* .— de-pen'- 
den-cy, n. [-cies*, pl.\ That which is de- 
pendent; a subject or tributary state; de- 
pendence, de-pen'dan-eyi.— de-pen'- 
dent-ly, adv. 

de-pict'd, 1 di-pikt'; 2 de-plct', vt. To 
picture; describe; represent vividly. 

de-plete', 1 di-pllt'; 2 de-plgf, vt. [-plet / - 
ED d ; -plet'inq.] To lessen or exhaust, 
as the quantity of blood in the veins.— 
de-ple'tion, n. 

de-plore', 1 di-plSr'; 2 de-plor\ vi. 
[-plobed' ; -plob'ing .1 To regret ; lament. 

— de-plor / a-M(e p , a.— de-plor'a-bly, adv. 

— de-plor'lng-ly, adv. 

de-ploy ', 1 di-plei'; 2 de-ploy 7 , vt. & vi. 

1 : artistic, art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; bit, police ; obey, go ; not,er ; full, role; but, bnm. 
9: Srt,ape, fat,fare,fast,what,all; me,git,prej, fern; bit, Ice; 1=6 ; 1=5; g6, n6t,6r, won, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



Mil To spread out in line of battle, as 

de-po'nent, 1 di-pd'nent; 2 de-p6'nent. I. 
a. Laying down; passive in form, but 
active in meaning, as certain Latin verbs. 
II. n. 1. Gram. A deponent verb. 2. 
Law. One who deposes; a witness who 
gives written testimony. 

de-pop'u-late, 1 dl-pep'yu-let; 2 de- 
pop'yu-lat, vt. [-lat'ed 3 ; -lat'ingJ To 
deprive of inhabitants: unpeople.— de-pop"- 
u-la'tlon, n. 

de-port'd,ldj-pdrt'; 2 de-port', »*. 1. To 
carry away; banish. 2. To behave or 
conduct (oneself) .— de » por - ta ' tlon, n. 
Transportation; exile. 

de-port 'ment, 1 di-pdrt'ment or -ment; 2 
de-port'ment, n. Conduct or behavior; 
demeanor; bearing. 

de-pose % 1 di-poz 7 ; 2 de-pos/, vt. & vi. 
[de- posed'; db-pos'ing.] 1. To deprive 
of rank or office; remove; degrade. 2. 
To state on oath; testify. 

de-pos'lt, 1 di-pes'it; 2 de-pos/it. I d . vt. 
A vi. To place, as for safe-keeping; lay 
down; let fall, as sediment; form or make a 
deposit. II. 7i. The act of depositing; 
sediment; money or property deposited. 

de-pos T-ta-ry, 1 di-pes'i-te-n; 2 de-pos/i- 
ta-ry, n. [-ries 1 , pi.] 1. A person en- 
trusted with anything; a trustee. 2* A 

dep"o-sl'tlon, 1 dep'o-zisVen; 2 dep'o- 
slsh'on, n. 1. The act of depositing; a 
deposit. 2. Law. Written testimony un- 
der oath. 3. Removal from office. 

de-pos T-tor, 1 di-pez'i-tBr or -tor; 2 de- 
pos/i-tor, n. One who makes a deposit. 

de-posl-to-ry, 1 di-pez'i-to-n; 2 de-pog'i- 
to-ry, n. [-rieb*, pi] A place where 
anything is deposited. 

de'pot, 1 dfpo or dep'o; 2 dS'po or dep'o, n. 
1. A storehouse. 2* [U. S.] A railroad 

de-prave', 1 di-preV; 2 de-prav / , vt. Ide- 
prayed' ; de-prav'ing.] To render Dad 
or worse; corrupt; vitiate.— dep^ra-va'- 
tten, l dep're-vS'snen; 2 depTa-va'shon, 
n. The act of depraving, or the state of 
being depraved.— de-prarl-ty, 1 di-pravVU; 
2 de-prav'1-ty, n. The state of being de- 
praved; a depraved condition; wickedness. 

dep're-eate, 1 dep'n-kst; 2 dep're-cat, vt. 
fcAT"ED d ; -cat'ing.J To plead against; 

Cy for deliverance from.— dep're-caf- 
;-ly, ad v.— dep"re-ca'tton, n.— dep're- 
em-to-ry, a. Tending to deprecate; protest- 
ing; deprecating. depYe-ca-tivfe»t. 
de-pre'ci-ate, 1 di-prf'slii-et; 2 de-pre'shi- 
at, vt. A vi. [-at ed«; -at'ing.J 1. To 

lessen in valuer lower the price of; fall 
in price. 2. To underrate; disparage. 

— de-pre'd-atlon, n. The act of depre- 
ciating, or the state of being depreciated.— 
de-pre'ci-a-tlv(e", a. Tending to depred- 
ate, de-pre'd-a-to-ry*. 

dep 're-date, 1 dep'n-det; 2 dep're-dat, vt. 
& vi. [-dat'ed^; -dat'ing.j To prey 
upon; despoil; pillage; plunder.— dep"re- 
da'tion, n. A plundering; robbery.— 
dep're-da"tor, n. A robber.— dep're-da"- 
to-ry, a. 

de-press '*, 1 di-pres'; 2 de-preV, vt. 1. To 
press down; lower. 2. To dispirit; sad- 
den. 3. To humble. — de-pres'slon, n. 1. 
The act of depressing, or the state of being 
depressed; low spirits or vitality; dejection; 
melancholy. 2. That which is depressed; 
a low or hollow place.— de-pres'glv(e*, o.— 
de-pres'sor, n. 

de-prive', 1 dU-pnuV; 2 de-priv 7 , vt. [de- 
prived'; DE-PRiv'iNG.l 1. To take away 
from; dispossess; divest: with of before 
the object taken away. 2. To keep 
from acquiring or enjoying something; 
debar.— dep"rl-va'tlon, l dep'n-ve'snsn; 
2 dep'ri-va'abon, n. The act of depriving, 
or the state of being deprived. 

depth, 1 depth; 2 depth, n. 1. The state 
or degree of being deep; distance down- 
ward, inward, or backward; profundity; 
extremity. 2* A deep place; the inner- 
most part. 

de-pute ', 1 di-piut' ; 2 de-put', vt. [de-ptjt / - 
ED d ; db-put / inq.] To appoint as an agent; 
delegate; send with authority — dep"u-ta'- 
tton, 1 dep"yu-te / snen; 2 dcp'yu-ta'shon, n. 
1. A deputy, or deputies collectively; a dele- 
gation. 2. The act of deputing, or the state 
of being deputed.— dep'u-ty, 1 dep'yu-tt; 8 
dep'yu-ty.n. [-tils', pi.] A person delegated 
or appointed to act for another or others; a 

de-rail', 1 dl-rel'; 2 de-ral', vt. To run off 
from the rails, as a car or train, -ment, n. 

de-range', 1 di-renj'; 2 de-rang 7 , vt. [de- 
ranged'; de-rang'ing.1 To disarrange; 
disorder; craze.— de-ranged', pa. Insane. 

— de-range'ment, n. The act of deranging, 
or state of being deranged; insanity. 

der'e-llct, 1 der'i-likt: 2 deVe-Uet. L a. 

1. Neglectful of obligation; unfaithful. 

2. Deserted; abandoned. II. n. That 
which is abandoned; a deserted wreck at 
sea.-der"e-lIc'tIon, 1 derVllk'susn: 2 
der'e-lle'shon, n. Neglect or wilful omission; 

de-rlde', 1 di-raid': 2 de-rid', vt. [de-rid'- 
ED d ; de-rid'ing.J To treat with scorn- 
ful mirth; ridicule.— de-rld'er, n.— de-rld'- 
lng-ly, adv.— de-rl'slon, 1 di-riyen; 2 de- 

1: » = final; i = habit; edsle; on = out; ell; to = feud; cnin; go; n = sinp; ihux, ttiis. 
t: wolf, do/, bdbk, bdot; full, role, core, but,bOrn; oil, bfty; go, gem; ink; thin, thi* 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 



rlsh'on, n. Ridicule; mockery: an object 
of ridicule or scorn.— de-rl'slv(e», 1 di-ral'- 
Biv; 2 de-rl'srv, a. Marked by derision; 
mocking, de-ri'so-ryt.— de-ri'slT(e-ly 8 ,adc. 
— de-rl'slv (e-ness 8 , n. 

de-rive % 1 di-raiv': 2 de-rlv*, vt. [de- 
bited'; de-rtv'ino.j To draw, as from a 
source; deduce, as a conclusion; trace the 
derivation of.— de-rlv'a-bKe*, 1 dwulv'- 
e-bl; 2 de-rlv'a-bl, a. Capable of being 
derived.— der"l-va'tlon, 1 derVvS'sben; 2 
der'l-vft'shon, n. The act of deriving, or 
the condition of being derived.— de-rlv'a- 
ttv(e», 1 di-riVe-tiv; 2 de-rfv / a-tlv. I. a. 
Of or pertaining to derivation; derived. 
II. n. That which Is derived; a word de- 
rived from another. 

der'o-gate. 1 der'o-gSt; 2 deVo-gat, vi. 
[-gat'ed**; -gat'ino.] To take away 
something; detract: used with from.— der" r - 
o-ga'tlon, n. The act of derogating; detrac- 
tion; disparagement. — de-rog'a*to-il-ly t 
adv.— de-rog'a-to-ri-neas,n.— de-rog'a-to- 
ry, a. Lessening in good repute; disparaging. 

der'rlck, 1 der'ik; 2 deVik, n. An appara- 
tus, as a mast with a hinged boom, for 
hoisting and swinging weights into place. 

der'rln-ger, 1 der'in-jer; 2 deVin-g6r, n. 
A short pistol of large bore. 

der'vlsh, 1 dor'viSh; 2 dSrMsb, n. A Moham- 
medan mendicant friar; a Moslem fanatic of 
upper Egypt, der'ylsef. 

des-cant'S 1 des-kant': 2 dSs-eant' t vi. To 
discourse at length; hold forth: with on 
or upon. 

des'cant, 1 des'kant; 2 des'eant, n. The 
act of descanting; a discourse; a varied 
melody or song. 

de-scend' d , 1 di-eend': 2 de-send' t vt. & vi. 
1. To go down or downward; fall. 2. 
To be handed down ; be sprung or derived : 
with from, formerly of.— de-scen'dant, n. 
One who is descended lineally from another. 
de-seen 'dent J.— de-scen'dent, a. De- 
scending, de-scen'dant}.— de-scent', n. 

1. The act of descending; decline; fall. 

2. A declivity; slope. 3. Lineage; birth. 
ft. Descendants; issue. 5. An invasion. 

de-scribe', 1 di-skraib'; 2 de-aerlb', v. [de- 
scribed'; de-bcrib'ino.] I. t. To give 
the characteristics of; represent; delineate. 
II. <. To make a description.— de-scrip' tion, 
1 dh-skrip'shan; 2 de-scrtp'shon, n. 1. The 
act of describing; a portrayal or explanation. 
2. A sort; kind.— de-serip'tly(e», a. Marked 
by description; serving to describe. -ly, ado. 
-ness, n. 

de-scry', 1 di-skrai'; 2 de-ecrf, vt. [de- 
ecRiEDM-ekraid', 2-scrId'; de-scry'ing.] 
To discover with the eye; discern; detect. 

des'e-crate. 1 desVkret: 2 deVe-erat, vt. 
[-crat'ed*; -crat'ing.j To divert from 
a sacred to a common use; profane.— des'e* 
cra'tlon, n. Profanation. 

de-sert'd, i di-zurt'; 2 de-sert'. v. I. f. 
To leave unwarrantably; forsake; aban- 
don. II. i. To forsake a post or service 
without leave.— de-sert'er, n. One who 
deserts: an absconding soldier or sailor.— 
de-ser'tlon, 1 di-sor'snan; 2 de-ser'shon, n. 
The act of deserting. 

des 'ert, 1 dez'art ; 2 dgs'ert, a. Of or like a 
desert; barren; waste. 

des'ert 1 , n. Geog. A region destitute of 
vegetation, rainless, and commonly unin- 

de-serf, 1 di-zurt'; 2 de-sert', n. Thf 
state of deserving, or that which is de- 
served; merit or demerit. 

de-serve', ) 1 di-z5rv'; 2 de-eSrv' e. (db- 

de-serv' 8 . Jserv(e)d' b ; db-berv / ing.1 I. 
t. To be entitled to or worthy of, by 
either merit or demerit. II. i. To be 
worthy or deserving.— de-serv'ed-ly, adv. 
According to desert; Justly.— de-servTng. I. 
pa. Worthy; meritorious. II. n. The act 
of deserving, -ly, adv. 

des'ha-bille', n. Same as dishabillb. 

des1c-C8>te,ldes / i-ket;2des / ircftt,i>. [-cat # - 
ED d ; -cat "inc.] I. t. To dry thorough- 
ly, as for preserving. II. i. To become 
dry.— des*le-ca'tloQ, n. — desle-ca-tlvCe 8 , 
a. An. 

de-sld'er-ate. 1 di-eid'er-et; 2 de-sId'Cr-at, 
vt. 1-at*ed«; -at'ino.J To feel desire for; 
be in want of; miss. 

de-sld'er-a'tum, 1 di-sld'ar-6'ttrm: 2 de» 
ald'er-ft'tum. n. [-a'ta, pi.] Something 
not possessed, but needed or desired. 

de-sl«l', 1 di-zain'; 2 de-sin', v. I. *. 
1. To plan; invent. 2. To plan for a 
purpose; purpose; intend. 8. To draw; 
sketch in outline. II. t. To form designs; 
contrive.— de-sIgn'a-M(e p , a.— de-slgn T ed- 
ly, adv. By design; purposely; intention- 
ally.— de-slgn'er, n. One who forms de- 
signs; a contriver; schemer.— de-slgnlng, 
pa. Artful; scheming. 

de-slgn', n. 1. A pattern; preliminary 
sketch; the art of designing. 2. The 
adaptation of means to an end; plan; con- 
trivance; also, the object or end sought; 
purpose; intention. 

des'lg-nate, 1 des'ig-nSt; 2 des'i$-nat, vL 
[-Nvr'EDd; -nat'ino.] To point out; 
name; appoint.— deslg-na'tlon, n. The 
act of designating; a distinctive name or title. 
— des'lg-na-tlv(e*, a.— deslg-na^tor, n. 

de-slre', 1 di-zoir'; 2 de-sjr'. I. vt. (de- 
sired'; de-sir'ino.] To wish for; covet; 

1: artistic, Art; fat, fare; fast; get, prSy ; bit, police; obey, gd; net,er; full, rUle; but, bOrn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



crave; request. II. n. 1* An earnest 

- wishing for something; longing; craving; 

appetite; passion. 2. A request; wish; 

Ktyer. S. An object desired.— de-slr"a- 
l-ty, de-8lr / a-W(e-ness p , n.— de-slr'a- 
M(e*, a. Worthy to be desired; worth hav- 
ing.— de-slr'a-bly, adv.— de-sir'oiis, a. 
Having desire; wishing; craving.— de-slf- 
ous-ly. <ufe. 

de-stst'S 1 di-aist'; 2 de-sfat', vi. To cease 
from action; forbear; stop: often followed 
by from. 

desk, 1 desk; 2 desk, n. 1. A table for writ- 
ing or study. 2. 
A stand for pub- 
lic reading; pul- 

des'o-late. I. 1 
des / o-l«t;2des / - 
o-l&t, vt. [-lat"- 
ed«; -lat'ing.J 
To lay waste; 
make desolate. 

I L A /to' " 11 *; Desk Used by Washington. 
2 des'o-lat, a. 

1. Laid waste, as a country; deserted; 
abandoned. 2. Without friends; forlorn; 
afflicted; lonely.— des'o-late-ly, adv.— des'- 
o-late-ness, n — des"o-la'tlon, n. 1. The 
state of being desolate; loneliness; dreari- 
ness; affliction. 2. A desolate region; a 
waste. S. The act of making desolate; 

de-spatr', i di-spar*; 2 de-spar*. I. vi. To 
abandon hope; be or become hopeless: 
often with of. II. n. 1. Utter hopeless- 
ness. 2. That which causes despair or 
which Is despaired of .— de-spalrlng-ly, 

des-pateh', v. & n. Same as dispatch. 

de*"per-a'do, 1 dee'per-«'do or -a'do; 2 
des'per-a'do or -a'do, n. [-dobs* or -dob*, 
pL\ A ruffian. 

des'per-ate, 1 des'per-it; 2 deVper-at, a. 
1. Without care for danger; reckless, as 
from despair. 2. Resorted to in extrem- 
ity; hazardous: furious. 3. Regarded as 
hopeless: despaired of.— des'per-ate-ly, adv. 
— des'per-ate-ness, n.— des'per-a'tlon, n. 
The state of being desperate; recklessness; 
bund fury. 

des'pl-ca-ble, 1 1 des'pi-ke-bl; 2 des'pi-ea- 

des'pi-ca-bl p , /bl, a. Deserving to be 
despised; contemptible; mean; vile — des"- 
pt-ea-bfll-ty, n. The quality of being des- 
picable. des'pl-ca-bKe-nessp;. — des'pl- 
ea-My, adv. 

de-splse', 1 di-spaiz'; 2 de-epls/, vt. [db- 
spksd'; dv-spis'ino.] To regard as con- 
temptible; disdain; scorn. 

de-splte', 1 di-epait'; 2 de-spit'. I. n- 
Extreme aversion; spite; disdain with de- 
fiance. II. prep. In spite of; notwith- 
standing.— de-sptteTui, a. Full of spite; 
malignant. — de-splte'ful-ly, adv. — de- 
splte'ful-ness, n. 

de-spoil % 1 di-speil'; 2 de-spoil', vt. To 
deprive of something, as by force; plun- 
der: with o/.— de-spoll'er, n.— de-spo"!!* 

de-spond' d , 1 di-spend'; 2 de-sp6nd', vi. 
To lose courage or hope; be depressed. 

de-spoo'dent, 1 di-spen'dent; 2de-spdn'« 
dent, a. Dejected; disheartened. -ly, adv.— 
de-spon'deo-cy,n. Dejection, de-spoo'° 

des'pot, 1 des'pet; 2 des-pot, n. An abso- 
lute monarch; autocrat; tyrant.— des-pot'le* 
a. Of or like a despot or despotism; tyranni- 
cal.— des-pot 'i-cal-ly, adv. 

des'pot-lsm, l dea'pat-lsm; 2 des'pot-lsm. a. 
Absolute power; autocracy; tyranny. 

des-sert', 1 de-surt'; 2 desert', n. A 
service of sweetmeats, etc., at the close of 
a repast. 

des'ti-ua'tloo, 1 des'ti-nS'slidn; 2 des'ti- 
n&'shon, n. A point to which a journey 
is directed; end; goal; appointment. 

des'tlne, )1 des'tin; 2 des'tin, vt. [des'- 

des'tln 8 , / TiNBD, dbs'tind 8 ; des'tin-ing.J 
To design for or appoint to a distinct pur- 
pose; foreordain. 

des'tl-ny, 1 des'ti-ni; 2 deVti-ny, n, 
[-nies», pi.] That to which any person or 
thing is destined; fortune; doom; fate. 

des'ti-tute, 1 des'ti-tiQt; 2 des'ti-tut, a. 
1. Not possessing; entirely lacking: with 
of. 2. Being in want; extremely poor, 

de-stray'. 1 di-strei': 2 de-strfiy', vt. To 
break down; demolish; put an end to; 
ruin; kill.— de-stroy'er, n. 

de-struc'tlon, 1 di-struk'rfhsn; 2 de- 
strue'shon, n. 1. The act of destroying* 
or state of being destroyed; demolition; 
ruin. 2. That which destroys.— de-strut** 
tl-bl(e p , a. Liable to destruction.— de- 
struc'tlv(e B , a. Tending to destroy; per- 
nicious; ruinous.— de-strae'tlf(e-ly«, ads. 
— de-strae'tl?(e-ness s , n. 

des'ue-tude, 1 des'wi-tiud; 2 des'we-tud, 
n. Disuse. 

des'ul-to-iy, 1 des'ul-to-ri; 2 des'ttl-to-ry, 
a. Changing abruptly and irregularly 
from one thing to another; fitful; change- 

de-tach*, 1 di-tacV; 2 de-tach', vt. To 
disconnect: sever; separate.— de-Ucb/ment, 
n. A detaching; something detached, as a 
body of troops for special service. 

1: • = final; is habit; aisle; eras out; ell; 111 = feud; 4hin; go; xi—^lng; Chin, this. 
S: wolf,dg; bdbk, boot; fall, rute, care, but, barn; 611, boy; s>o, (em; iok; thin, this, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


de-tail', 1 di-tel'; 2 de-tal'. LA LTo 
report minutely. 2. To select for special 
service. II. n. 1. A particular or item; 
accessory. 2. A minute narrative. Z.MU. 
A small detachment for some subordinate 

de-taln', 1 di-Wn'; 2 de-tan', vt. To stop; 
withhold; keep back.— de-taln'er, n. 

de-tec t '<*, 1 di-tekt' ; 2 de-teet', vt. To dis- 
cover, as something hidden; find out; de- 
termine; disclose.— de-tectlon, n. The act 
of detecting; discovery — de-tee'tlv(e 8 . L 
a. Skilled In or employed for detection: be- 
longing to detectives. II. n. One employed 
to ferret out crime and capture criminals. 

de-ten 'tlon, 1 di-ten'snen; 2 de-ten'shon, 
n. The act of detaining, or the state of 
being detained; restraint; confinement. 

de-ter 7 , 1 di-tur'; 2 de-teV, vt. [de- 
terred', de-terd' s ; de-ter'ring.I To 
prevent or restrain, as by fear. 

de-ter'gent, 1 di-tur'jent; 2 de-teVgent. 
I. a. Cleansing. II. n. A cleansing 
medicine.— de-ter'gen-cy, n. 

de-te'rt-o-rate, 1 di-tl'n-o-ret; 2 de-t€'ri-o- 
rfit, vt. & vi. [-RAT"ED d ; -rat'inq.J To 
make or grow worse; impair; degenerate. 
— de-te"rl-o-ra'tton, n. 

de-ter 'ml-nate, 1 di-tur'mi-nit; 2 de- 
teVmi-nat, a. Definite; fixed. 

de-ter"ml-na'tloii, 1 di-tur'mi-nS' alien; 2 
de-ter'mi-na'shon, n. 1. The act of de- 
termining; a firm resolve; firmness; res- 
olution. 2. Authoritative settlement. 

de-ter'mlne, 1 1 di-tur'min; 2 de-teVmin, 

de-ter'mln", J v. [-min(e])d»; -min-ing.] I. 
t. 1. To resolve; decide; fix; settle; de- 
cree. 2. To terminate; end. II. **. 1. 
To decide; resolve: with on. 2. To come 
to an end — de-tcr / ml-na-bi(e p , a.— de- 
ter / ml-na-tlT(e 8 , a. -If, ado. -ness, n.— 
de-ter'mined, pa. Resolute; settled; de- 
terminate. -If, adv. 

de-test '<*, 1 di-test'; 2 de-test', vt. To 
dislike Intensely; bate; abhor.— de-test'a- 
bKe*, a. Hateful; abominable.— de-test'- 
a-blv, ad ».— de"tes-ta'tion, n. Extreme 
dislike; hatred; abhorence. 

de-tbrone', 1 dl-ihron'; 2 de-thrdn', vt. 
[de-throned'; de-thron'ing.] To de- 
prive of royal authority; depose. 

det'o-nate, 1 det'o-nSt; 2 dSt'o-n&t, vt. <fc 
vi. [-nat'bd*; -nat'ing.] To explode 
with a sudden loud report.— defo-na'tlon, 
n. A report or explosion. [about way. 

de"tour\ 1 di-tur'; 2 de-tur', n. A round- 

de-tract'd, 1 di-trakt'; 2 de-tract', v. L. t. 
To take away so as to lessen value or esti- 
mation. II. i. To lessen reputation or 
credit: commonly with from.— de-trae'tlon, 

n. The act of detracting; slander; defama- 
tion.— de-trac'tor, de-tract'er, a. A de- 
famer.— de-trac'tor-?, a. 

det'rl-ment, 1 det'n-ment or -ment; 2 
d&t'ri-ment, n. Something that impairs 
or injures; damage; loss.— defrl-memtal, 
a. Injurious. 

de trop', 1 de *r6'; 2 de tr5'. Too much; 
out of place; not wanted. 

deuce 1 , 1 dius; 2 due, n. Two: a card, or 
side of a die, having two spots. 

deuce*, n. The devil. 

dev'as-tate, 1 dev'es-tet; 2 deVas-tat, vU 
[-tat'ed* 1 ; -tat'ing.] To lay waste, as by 
war, fire, flood, etc.; destroy; ravage. 
— deVas-ta'tlon, n. 

de-vel'opt, 1 di-vel'ep; 2 de-vSl'op, t. I. f. 
To uncover or unfold; perfect by degrees; 
increase. II. t. To advance by de- 

grees; come to light or completion grad- 
ually; disclose Itself. de-Td'opeJ.-de-vel'- 
op-ment,n. Gradual evolution orcompletios. 

de 'vl-ate, 1 dfvi-«t; 2 dg'vi-at, vi. [-at'ed<*; 
-at'ing.] To turn aside; wander: di- 
verge; differ — de'M-atlon, n. The act of 
deviating, or its result; variation; error. 

de-vlce', 1 cu-vais'; 2 de-vfc', n. A con- 
trivance; design; plan; scheme; heraldic 
emblem or motto. 

dev'll, 1 dev'l; 2 deVl, vt. To cook by 
broiling or frying with the use of pungent 

dev'll, n. An evil spirit; demon; Satan. 
— dev'll-lsh, a. Having the qualities of the 
devil; diabolical; malicious. -ly,adp. -ness, 
n.— derffc-try, n. Wanton and malicious 
mischief, or the spirit inciting to it. 

de'vl-ous, 1 dl'vi-us; 2 de'vi-us, a. Wind- 
ing about; rambling. -If, ado. -ness, n. 

de-vise', \ 1 di-vais'; 2 de-vte'. I. vt. & vu 

de-viae'*, j [db-vised'; de-vising.] 1. To 
invent; contrive; plan. 2. Law. To trans- 
mit by will. IT. n. Lava. A bequest of real 
estate; also, the will or clause conveying, 
it.— dev"l-see% n. The person to whom a 
devise is made.— de-vls'er, n. One who con- 
trives.— de-vl'sor. n. One who gives by wllL 

de-votd\ 1 di-veid'; 2 de-v$id', a. Desti- 
tute: with of. 

de-volr', 1 di-vwdr*; 2 de-vwar*, n. Service or 
duty; respectful attention: often in the 

de-volve', )1 di-velv'; 2 de-vSlv', v. (de- 

de-volv' 8 , Jvolv(e)d'»; de-volv'ing.] 1. 1. 
To deliver over; transmit. II. i. To pass 
to a successor or substitute: sometimes 
followed by to, of tener by on or upon, 

de-vote', 1 di-voV; 2 de-v6t', vt. [de* 
vot'ed*; de-vot'ing.] 1. To set apart; 
dedicate; consecrate. 3. To doom.— de- 


t: art, ape, f*M»j^f*8t,whft,gll; me\ge^,pi^,fera;bJt,Ioe;I=e;i=e;go,Ddt,or,woa» 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


vot'ed, 1 di-vftt'ed; 2 de-v6V8d, pa. 1. 
Feeding or showing devotion; ardent; devout. 
2. Consecrated; also, doomed, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n.— deVo-tee', 1 dev'o-tl'; 2 dev'o- 
c*r » n. One zealously devoted, as to religion ; 
a sealot. 

de-vo'tton, 1 di-vo'sTien; 2 de-vd'shon, n. 
1. The act of devoting, or the state of 
being devoted; devoutness; seal. %• An 
act of worship; prayer: usually in the 
plural.— de-To'tlon-al, a. Of or pertaining 
to devotion; devout. 

de-Tour', 1 di-vaur'; 2 de-vour / , vt. To 
eat up greedily; consume; destroy, -er, n. 

de-YOUt', 1 di-vaut'; 2 de-vout', a. 1. 
Earnestly religious; pious; reverent. 2. 
Warmly devoted; heartfelt; sincere, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

dew, 1 diQ; 2 da. I. vt. To wet with or as 
with dew; bedew. H. n. Moisture con- 
densed from the atmosphere in small 
drops upon the upper surface of plants, 
etc.— dew*«claw", n. A rudimentary toe or 
hoof in dogs or cattle.— dew'drop", n. A 
drop of dew.— dewlap", n. The pendulous 
skin under the throat of cattle.— dew'y, 1 
diQ-i; 2 dQ'y, u. Moist, as with dew; of, 
like, or yielding dew. 

dex'ter, 1 deks'ter; 2 d8ks't€r, a. 1. 
Right-hand; right. 2. Favorable; pro- 
pltious.— dei-ter'1-ty, l deks-ter'i-ti; & 
deks-ter'1-ty, n. Readiness with the hands; 
expertness; adroitness; skill.— dex'ter-o us, 
dex'tral, dei'trous, a. Characterized by 
dexterity; skilful; expert; clever; artful. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. Idoubly. 

di-J, prefix. Two; twofold; douUeT twice; 

d*- 1 , prgtx. Form of do- before*, d, g % J, I, 
nt, it, r, t: used to indicate separation. 

di-S prefix. Form of ma- before a voweL 

dia-, prefix. Through; thoroughly. 

dl"a-bol 1c, 1 1 doi's-bel'ik, -i-kel ; 2 dT- 

di"»-bol1-cal, j a-bol'ic, -i-eal, a. Of, per- 
taining to, or like the devIL -cml-ly, adv. 

»'o-Io, 1 di-ab'o-lO; 2 di-ab'o-15, n. A 

game in which a reeMlke top Is kept spinning 

continuously by means of a string attached 

to two sticks. 
dJ-ac'o-nal, 1 di-ak'o-nal; 2 dl-ae'o-nal, a. 

Of or pertaining to a deacon.— di-ac'o-nate, 

n. The office of a deacon. 
di"»-erlt1c 1 dai"s-krit'ik; 2 dl'a-erft'ie. 

I. a. Marking a difference; distinctive. 

dt'ft-eriri-call. II. n. A diacritic mark 

attached to a letter. 
dfae-tliilc 1 dai'ak-tin'ik; 2 dl'ac-tm'ie, 

a. Capable of transmitting actinic rays. 

See actinic. 
dl'a-dem, 1 dai's-dem; 2 dfa-dem, n. A 

crown; sovereignty. See illus. in next 



dl-ter'eHds, etc Same as dierssjs. eta. 
dl"ag-nose', 1 dai*&g~floB'; 2 d Tftg-n os'. vt. 

[-nosed'*; -NoViSfj.J 

Med. To make n di*e~ 

noeis of, as a disease, 

— dl"ag-no'sis, i fioi'jig- 

nO'sis; 2 dl'ag-iiOtHa, n. I 

The determlnatloD erf xha \ 

nature of a disease 
di-ag'o-nal, 1 dui-»g'o- 

nal; 2cft-&ft'o-njil I. n. 

SuT^n. T&ghtHeadwithDiadenu 
line or plane passing from one angle, as 
of a square, to anv other angle not ad- 
jacent.— df-ag'o-nal-ly, adv. 

di'a-gram, 1 dai's-gram; 2 di'a-gram, n, 
A mechanical plan or outline; a map, 
— di^a-gram-matlc, a. 

dl'al, 1 dai'al; 2 dl'al, n. 1. A device for 
indicating time by a shadow 
thrown upon a marked plate; 
as, a ean*dial. 2. Any gradu- 
ated circular plate or face, as 
of a watch or clock, a mari- 
ners' compass, etc. 

di'a-lect, 1 doi'e-lekt; 2 dfa- 
lect, n. A provincial mode 
of speaking a language, as dif- 
fering from the accepted liter- 
ary standard; idiom. 6 

di"a-lec'tic, 1 dai'e-lek'tik; 2 J 
dl'a-lec'tie, o. 1. Pertaining * 
to a dialect. dl"a-lee'tal*. 2. 
Pertaining to dialectics; argu- 
mentative. dl"a-lec'tl-cal*.- dl"a-lec'tft- 
cal-ly, adv. 

dl"a-lec'tic, ». 1. Logic in general: often 
in the plural, dialectic*. 2. A specifio 
mode oi argument. 3. Argumentative 
ability.— dl"a-lec-tl'cian, n. A logician. 

di'a-log, ) 1 doi'e-leg; 2 dl'a-16g, n. A 

dl'a-logue, J formal conversation between 
two or more speakers. 

dl-am'e-ter, 1 dai-am'i-ter; 2 dl-am'e-tSr, 
n. A line through the center, as of a cir- 
cle or sphere, terminated at the boundary 
thereof; the length of such a ltne.— di"a- 
met'ri-cal, a. 1. Of or pertaining to a di- 
ameter, dl-am'e-tralt. 2. Of or pertain- 
ing to the ends of a diameter; directly op- 
posite, and as 
far removed as 
possible; irrec- 
oncilable, dl"- 
dl"a - met'ri- Forms of Cut Diamonds. 
caMy, adv. 1. Tn the manner of a diameter. 
2. Irreconcilably. 

dl'a-mond, 1 doi's-mend; 2 dfa-mond, n. 
1. A gem of great refractive power. 

Is •cflnal; 1 = habit; «Me; oisovt; oil; M = feud; iJhin; go; rj = sin£r; Chin, this. 
* Wfltdf; bd&k, bd*t; tqX^ rffle, cttre, btft, bOrn; 641, bfty; to, gem; i v k; thin, this, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


consisting essentially of crystallized car- 
bon. 2. A figure bounded by four equal 
straight lines, and having two of the an- 
gles acute and two obtuse; a rhomb or 
lozenge. 3. A very small size of type: 
4« or 4Wpoint. 

Di-an'a, l dol-an'e; 2 dl-an'a, n. Myth. 
Roman goddess of the chase and the moon. 
Arte-ml** fGr.l. 

dl"a-pa'son, 1 dai'e-pe'sen or-Mn;2dI"- 
a-p&'son or-epn, n. 1. Mua. A principal 
stop in a pipe»organ, characterized by ful- 
ness and richness of tone. 2. pomprehen- 
siveor fundamental harmony; accord. 

dl'a-per, 1 dai'e-per; 2 dl'a-per, n. A fine 
figured silken or linen clotn. 

dl-aph'a-nous, \\ dai-af'a-nus; 2 dl-af'a- 

di-af'a-nous p , Jntts.a. Transparent. 

dl'a-phragm, )1 dai'e-fram; 2 dl'a-fr&m, 

diVrnm 1 , jn. 1. Anal. An impor- 
tant muscle used in respiration, situated 
between the thoracic and abdominal cavi- 
ties. 2. Any dividing membrane or par- 
tition, mld'rlffl.— dl"a-phrag-mat'Ic,a. 

dl'ar-rhe'a, 1 daiVrf's; 2 dra-re'a, n. 
Looseness of the bowels. dPar-rhoe'ai. 

dl'a-ry, 1 dai'e-n; 2 dTa-ry, n. [-ries*, 
pi.] A record of daily events. 

dl"a-ton'lc, 1 doiVten'ik; 2 dl'a-tSn'ic, a. 
Mu8. Designating the regular tones of a 
key (or scale). 

dl'a-trlbe, 1 dai's-traib; 2 dl'a-trfb, n. 
An abusive discourse; invective. 

d!bO)Ie,U dib'l; 2 dib'l, n. A pointed 

dib'l*, /tool for planting seeds, setting 
slips, etc. 

dice, 1 dais; 2 die, n. pi. [die, 1 dai; 2 dl, 
sing.] 1. Cubes, usually of bono or ivory, 
marked on each side with black spots, 
from one to six. 2* A game played with 

dlck'er, 1 dik'er; 2 dik'er, vt. & vi. [U. S.] 
To make a petty trade; barter; bargain. 
— dlck'er, n. 

dlc'tate, 1 dik'tet; 2 cuVtat. I. vt. & vi. 
[dic'tat-ed^; dic'tat-ing.] 1. To de- 
clare with authority; command. 2. To 
'communicate orally, as an amanuensis. 
II. n. An authoritative suggestion; a 
rule; maxim; order — dlc-ta'tlon, n. The 
act of dictating; that which is dictated; ar- 
bitrary control. 

die- ta 'tor, 1 dik-t«'tar or -tor; 2 dle-t&'tor, 
n. 1. One possessing absolute power. 2. 
One who dictates.— die > ta-to / ri-al, a. Over- 
bearing; imperious; absolute. -If, adv. 
•ness, n — die- ta' tor-ship, n. The office, 
or term of office, of a dictator. 

die 'Hon, 1 dik' alien; 2 cuVshon, n. The 

choice and arrangement of words and 
modes of expression. 

dlc'tton-a-ry, 1 cuVslien-e-n; 2 cuVshon' 
ft-ry, n. [-ries*, pi.] A book containing 
the words of a language, arranged alpha- 
betically and defined; a lexicon; book of 

dlc'tum, 1 dik'tum; 2 cuVtum, n. [dic'ta, 
pi.] An authoritative or positive utter- 

did. 1 did; 2 did, imp. of no, 0. 

dl-dac'tlc, 1 aai-dak'tik; 2 dl-dSe'tie, a. 
Pertaining to teaching; instructive; pre- 
ceptive; expository, dl-dac'tl-calt.— df- 
dac'tl-cal-ly, adv. (no, v. 

didst. 1 didst; 2 didst, 2d per. ting. imp. of 

die, 1 dai; 2 dl, vi. [pied; dy'ing.] To 
suffer death; decease; expire. 

die, n. [dice, 1 dais, 2 die, p/., in def. 1; 
dies, 1 dais. 2 dig, pl. t in def. 2.] 1. A 
small figured cube (see dice) ; a east, as 
in dice-playing; stake. 2. A hard metal 
device for stamping or cutting out some 
object, as a. coin. 

dl-er'e-sls, \ 1 dai-ert-sis; 2 dl-eVe-aXs, n. 

dl-aer'e-sls, j [-ses, pi.] Two dots (") 
placed over a vowel, denoting that it is 
to be pronounced separately from the 
vowel just before it: not used in the text 
of this dictionary. 

dl'et d , 1 dai'et; 2 dl'gt, vt. & vi. To regu- 
late the food and drink of; take food and 
drink by rule; eat sparingly. 

dl'et 1 , n. A regulated course of eating and 
drinking; the daily fare; victuals.— dl'et-a- 
ry, dai'et-fc-n; 2 dl'et-a-ry. I. o. Of or per- 
taining to diet. II. n. [-ares*, pi.] A system 
of diet.- dFe-tet'lc, di"e-tet'I-«al, 1 doi"- 
i-tet'ik, -i-kdl; 2 dl'e-tet'ic, -1-eal, a. Relating 
to diet. 

dl'et 2 , n. A legislative body; council. 

differ, 1 dif'er; 2 dIf'Sr, w. 1. To be 
unlike; be different: commonly followed 
by from. 2. To disagree; dissent: fol- 
lowed by from or with. 

dlf'fer-ence, 1 dif er-ens; 2 cuTer-enc, n. 
1. The state or quality of being unlike; 
that in which two things are unlike; un» 
likeness; distinction; discrimination. 2. 
A disagreement; controversy; quarrel. 

dlf'fer-ent, 1 dif'er-ent; 2 dif'er-ent, a. 
Not the same; distinct; other; unlike. 
— dlf fer-ent-ly, adv. 

dlffer-en'tU^ 1 difer-en'sliel; 2 dlfSr- 
ttn'shal. IV a, Denoting or making a 
difference; distinctive. II. n. Math. An 
infinitesimal difference between two values 
of a quantity.— dlffer-en'tlal-ly, adc. 

dlffer-en'tl-ate, 1 dif "er-en'slu-gt; 2 dlf- 

1: artistic, drt; ffct, fare; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, gd ; net,er; full, rflle; but, bOrn. 
2: Mrt,ip^ttt^fii^tt8t,whft l a^;me t g«t,pre7,feni; hit 1 Ice;I=S;i=e;g6 1 iidt,«r t ^ 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


er-en'shi-at, *. [-at*bd*; -at'iko.] I. t. 
To constitute or note a difference between. 
II. t. To become different or distinct.— 

dlfll-Clllt, 1 dif'i-kuit; 2 dlf'i-ettlt, a. 1. 
Hard to do or be done; arduous; perplex- 
ing. 2. Hard to influence or satisfy; in- 
tractable; exacting.- dirO-evd-ty, 1 dlfV 
kul-ti; 2 dm-eul-ty, n. pnas*. pi.] The 
state or quality of being difficult; an obstacle; 
hindrance: objection; trouble; distress. 

dtf'ft-dent, 1 dif'i-dent; 2 dif'i-dent, a. 
Self •distrustful; timid; shy; modest.— 
sVm-deBt-lF,ads.-dim-denee,fi. Self- 
distrust; shyness; modesty. diTfi-dent- 

dtf-fase', 1 di-fius'; 2 df-fug', vt. & vi. 
[dif-fubed'; dif-fus'ing.J To spread 
abroad; circulate; permeate.— dlf-tos"l- 
M1-ty,n. dlf-fml-ble-nesst.-dir-fus'- 
1-bte, a. Spreading rapidly and energeti- 
cally.- dtf-ta'sloii, 1 dl-flu'san; 2 dl-ru'- 
■hon, n. The act or process of diffusing; a 
scattering; dissemination; circulation.— dlf- 
ftfstY(e«, 1 dl-fhYmv; 2 df-fQ'siv.a. Dif- 
fusing or tending to diffuse; gpreadingabroad. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dlf-fuse', 1 di-fius'; 2 dl4uir*, a. Redun- 
dant; prolix; verbose; extended.— dlf-fuse'- 
ly, adf.— dlf-fuse'ness, n. 

dig, 1 dig; 2 dig, v. [duo, 1 dug, 2 dug, or 

DIGGED, DZGD"; Dia'GINO.] I. L 1. To 

break up, or throw up or out, as earth 
with a spade; excavate. 2. To push or 
force in, as a spade into the ground. IT. i. 
To work, as with a spade; toil; plod.— 

df-gest^A di-jestf: 2 di-geat', vt. A vi. 
1. To change in the stomach, as food; 
take into the physical or mental organism ; 
assimilate. Z, To analyse and classify; 
form into a digest. S* To tolerate; endure. 
— dJ-gesfer.a.-dl-gest^l-Dfl'l-ty.n. The 
quality of being digestible. dk«esH-bl(e- 
ness**.- dl-festi-bl (e», o. Capable of be- 
ing digested.— dl-gestlT(e*, a. Pertaining 
or conducing to digestion. 

dl'gest, 1 doi'jest; 2 dl'gest, n. A sys- 
tematic arrangement; summary; com- 

dl-gcs'tton, 1 di-jes'chan; 2 d*4es'chon, n. 
1. The process of changing food in the 
stomach, so that it can be taken up by 
the blood and furnish nutriment to the 
body. 2* The power to digest; the diges- 
tive functions. S* Mental assimilation. 

digit, 1 dij'it; 2 dttfit, n. 1. A finger or 
toe. 2. An Arabic numeral. 5. An 
ancient measure of length: about two* 
thirds of an inch. 


dlff'nl-fT, 1 dig>-foi; 2 dlfni-fX vt. 
[-fied; -ft'inqJ To impart dignity to; in- 
vest with dignities; honor; promote; exalt. 
-dlg'nl-fled, 1 dlg'in-rald; 2 dirm-fld, pa. 
Characterised by dignity; stately; honored. 

dlr'nl-tSj-iT.l dig'ni-te-ri; 2 dlg;ni-ta-ry,n. 
1-rie*», pi.] One who holds nigh official 

dlg'nl-ty, 1 dig'ni-ti; 2 dlg'ni-ty, n. [-ties*, 
pi.] 1* Grave or stately bearing. 2. 
High rank or position; distinction; ex- 
cellence; worth. 8. A dignitary. 

dl 'graph, 1 doi'groi ; 2 dfgraf , n. A union 
of two characters with a single sound, 
as oa in boat or ch in church. 

dl-gress*, 1 di-gres' ; 2 di-gres', vi. To turn 
aside; deviate; wander.— dl-gres'slon, n. 
The act of digressing; a turning aside, as from 
a subject; deviation; wandering. 

dike, 1 doik; 2 dlk. I. vi. (diked*; dik'- 
iNo.l To furnish with a dike; drain by 
ditching. II* n. An embankment to pro- 
tect low land from inundation. 
-lapi-dato, 1 dVlap'wifit; 2 di-lap'i-dat, 
vt. db st. [-dat'bd*; -dat'ing.] To fall 
or cause to fall into partial ruin; impair 
by neglect or misuse.— di-lap*l-da'tlon, n. 

dl-late 7 , 1 di-leV: 2 di-l&f , vU & vi. [di- 
lat'ed*; Di-LAriNG.] To swell or puff 
out; distend; expand; expatiate.— dl-latlon, 
1 di-Wshan; 2 dWl'shon, n. Expansion. 

dtTa-to-ry, 1 dil's-to-ri; 2 dll'a-to-ry, a. 
Given to or tending to cause delay; tardy; 
alow.— d0 # »- to-rt-ly, ado.— dll'a- to-H- 

dMem'ma, 1 di-lem'e; 2 di-l&n'a. n. A 
necessary choice between equally un- 
desirable alternatives; a perplexive pre- 

diTet-tan'te, 1 dU'e-tan'ti; 2 dll'e-tan'te. 
n. [-ti, pi.] A dabbler in art; a superficial 
amateur. dH"et-tant't.-dll''et- tante- 
fem, n. dll'et-tantlsmt. 

dill-fence 1 , 1 diTi-jens; 2 diri-genc, n. 
Assiduous application; industry; care. 

dlll-gence*, 1 dil'i-jens or (F.) dl'ir- 
sans'; 2 <ffl'i-ienc or (F.) dTll'shanc', 
n. A French ^___^ 


l-jent; 2 dll'i 
gent, a. Indus 
trious; pains- ' 
taking; labori- 
ous. -ly» adv. TMn«-«ik 

dlU, 1 dil; 2 dO, Diligence, 

n. An old«wor!d annual plant of the 
parstey family, with yellow flowers and 
aromatic seeds. 

dl-lute', 1 di-HOt'; 2 di-lOt', vt. 4c v\. [di- 

1: »«nn*l; is habit; able; aasowt; «H; «l = f«td; <fhin; go; n«sin^; €hln, this. 
t: w^df|;bdbk^bd5t;faU;n|le,cai^bdt 1 bora;dtl,b«7;to,i^ 

5 Digitized by CjOOQLC 


ldt'bd 4 ; Di-HTT'iNa.] To weaken; thin, 
as by adding water to a liquid prepara- 
tion.- di-lu'tion, l di-lia'tfhen; 2 dl-lu'- 
shon, n. The act of diluting, or the state of 
being diluted; something diluted. 

dl-lu'vt-al, 1 di-liu'vi-el; 2 di-ltt'vi-al, o. 
Of, pertaining to, or produced by a flood. 

dim, 1 dim; 2 dim. I. vt. & vi. [dimmed, 
dimd b ; dim'ming.1 To render or grow dim; 
tarnish; fade. II. a. [dim'mer; dim'- 
mest.] 1. Obscure; indistinct; shadowy; 
misty. 2. Not seeing clearly; purblind; 
obtuse.— dimly, adv.— dlm'ness, n. 

dime, 1 daim; 2 dim, n. [U. S.] A silver 
coin worth ten cents, 

dl-men'slon, 1 di-men'sli»n; 2 di-m8n'- 
shon, n. Extent, as length, breadth, or 

dl-mln'isht, 1 di-min'isli; 2 di-mm'ish, vt. 
& vi. To make or grow smaller or less; 
decrease.— dlra^I-nu'tlon, 1 dim'i-niu'snen; 
2 dlml-nu'shon, n. The act of diminishing, or 
the condition of being diminished; reduction. 

dl-raln"u-en'do, 1 di-mln"yu-en'do; 2 di- 
nyln'yu-en'do, a. A adv. Mtu. Gradually 
diminishing in volume of sound: abbrevi- 
ated dim., dimin., or expressed by the sign> : 
used in English as a., n., or adv. 

dl-mln'u-tive, ) 1 di-min'yu-tiv; 2 di- 

dl-mln'u-tiv 8 , jmln'yu-tlv. La. Small; 
little. II* n. A derivative word expres- 
sive of diminished size; as, duckling. -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

dim 'My, 1 dim'i-ti; 2 dlm'i-ty, n. [-ties', 
pi.] A variety of cotton cloth. 

dlm'ple, 1 1 dim'pl; 2 dlm'pl. I. vt. & vi. 

dlm'pl r ,J[rDZM'pL(E)D**: dim'pling.] To 
mark with dimples; form dimples. IL 
n. A slight depression on the cheek or 
chin, or on any smooth surface. 

din, 1 din; 2 dm. I. vt. & vi. [dinned, 
dind*; din'ninq.] To assail with confus- 
ing noise; urge with clamor; make a din. 
IL n. A loud continuous noise or clam- 
or; a rattling or clattering sound. 

dine, 1 doin; 2 din, v. [dined; din'inq.I 
L t. To give a dinner to. IL i. To 
take dinner. [boat, din'gyj.' 

din 'gey, 1 din'gi; 2 dln'gy, n. A small 

dlo/gle, \1 din'gi; 2 din'gi, n. A narrow 

dlnfKl valley. 

dln'gy* 1 din'ji: 2 dln'gy, a. Of a dusky 
color, as if soiled; dull; tarnished.- dln'gl-ly, 
adv.— dln'gi-ness, n. 

dln'ner, 1 din'sr; 2dln'er, n. The prin- 
cipal meal of the day; a banquet. 

dint, 1 dint; 2 dint. I. vt. To make a 
dent or dint in. II. n. 1. A dent. 2. 
Active agency; efficacy; as, by dint of 
hard work. 

dl'o-eese, 1 dai'o-eTs; 2 dl'o-ce*, n. The 
territory or the churches under a bishop's 
jurisdiction.— dl-oe'e-san. La. Of or per- 
taining to a diocese. IL n. A bishop. 

dl"o-ra'ma, 1 doi'o-ra'me; 2 dl'o-ra'ma, n. 
A painting, as of a battle, arranged for 

dip, 1 dip; 2 dip, v. [dipped* or dipt; dip- 
ping.] L t. 1. To put into or under a 
fluid and withdraw again; lower and then 
raise, as a flag. 2. To lift up and out, 
as liquor with a ladle. IL »'. 1. To 
plunge partly or momentarily; engage 
slightly: with in or into. 2. To incline 
downward, as a compass-needle; lie at 
an angle with the horizon, as strata. 

dip, n. 1. The act of dipping; a plunge; 
bath; dipping up; depression. 2. Inclina- 
tion, as of strata, etc. 3. A candle made 
by dipping. 

dlpb-theTi-a, 1 dif-ehTn-e; 2 dtf-thfi'ri-a, 
n. An infectious disease with tendency 
to form a false membrane in the throat.— 
dlph'the-rltlc, a. dlph-therle*, -i-calt. 

dlph'thong, 1 dif'theo; 2 dlf'thdng, n. 
The union of two vowels in one sound. 

Dlp-lod'o-cus, 1 dip-led'o-kus; 2 dlp-lod'o- 
eus, n. A genus of enormous fossil reptiles 
found in the United States. 

dl-plo'ma, ldi-pld'md;2di-pl5'ma, n. An 
official honorary certificate, as of gradua- 

di-plo'ma-cy, 1 di-pld'me-si; 2 di-plS'ma- 
cy» **• [-€iE8 a , pi.] 1. The art, science, 
or practise of conducting negotiations 
between nations. 2. Tact; shrewdness; 
skill.— dlplo-mat. l dlpto-mat; 2 diplo- 
mat, n. One employed or skilled In diplo- 
macy.— dlplo-matlc, a. 1. Of or per- 
taining to diplomacy, t. Marked by tact 
in negotiation; dexterous; adroit. dlpTo- 
matl-eai;. — dlp"lo-matl-cal-ly, adv.— 
dl-plo'ma-tlst, n. 1. One employed m or 
skilled in diplomacy. 3. One remarkable 
for tact and shrewd man- 

dip 'per, 1 dip'ar ; 2 * 
dlp 7 er, n. 1. One who or 
that which dips; a ves- > 
sel with long handle for J 
dipping. 2. A small div- T 
ingbird. S. [D-HU.S.]) 
The group of seven ' 
bright stars in the con- 
stellation Ursa Major. • 

dlp'so-ma'nl-a, 1 dip'- - ninn-1 , 

so-m€'m-e; 2 dlp'so- American Dipper, 
ma'ni-a, n. An uncontrollable craving for 
alcoholic drink.— dIp"so-ma'nl-ac, n. 

): arusue.firt; fat, fare; fnst; get, prty; hit, police; 

2 art, ape, fat, fare, fast, what, §11; m€,g£t,pr$y, fern; hit, lee; I=C; i=e; gft,nftt,Ar, wtn, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


dire, 1 dair; 2 dlr, a. [dir'er; dir'est.J 
Extremely calamitous; dreadful; terrible. 
•ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dl-rect'd, 1 di-rekt'; 2 di-rect', v. 1.1. 1. 
To point; aim; point out a way to (a 
person). 2. To regulate; control; govern. 
3. To address, as a letter. II. **. To 
act as a guide, conductor, or leader. 

dl-rect', a. Straight; straightforward; 
shortest; nearest; plain; Immediate.— di- 
rectly, adv. 1. In a direct line or manner. 
3. Immediately; at once; as soon as possible. 
— dl-rect'ness, n. Stralghtness; straight- 
forwardness.— dl-rec'tor,. n. One who or 
that which directs. 

df-rec'tlon, 1 di-rek'slien; 2 di-reVshon, 
n. 1. The position of one point in re- 
lation to another; relative position; ten- 
dency; aim. 2. Superintendence; com- 
mand; order. 3. The name and residence 
of a person; address. 

di-rec'to-ry, 1 di-rek'to-n; 2 di-reVto-ry, 
n. [-RIE8*, pi.] A classified list of names 
and addresses, as of the people of a city. 

dire 'fill, 1 drnVful; 2 dlr'ful, o. Most dire; 
dreadful; terrible, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dirge. 1 durj; 2 dlrg, n. A funeral hymn. 

dlr1-cl-bl(e*, 1 dirt-ji-bl; 2 dlr'i-gi-bl, a. 
That may be directed; as, a dirigiVe 
balloon. (poniard. 

dirk, 1 durk; 2 dirk, n. A dagger or 

dirt, 1 durt; 2 dirt, n. 1. Any foul ~~" 
or filthy substance; refuse. 2. 
[Colloq., U. S.l Loose earth; gar- 
den-loam.— dlrt-'y, 1 dOrt'i; 2 dlrt'y. 
I. vt. [dibt'ied; dirtT-ing.1 To soil; 

. sully; tarnish. II. a. [dirt'i-er; dirt'i- 
S8T.] Unclean; foul; filthy.— dirti- 
ly, adv.— dlrtl-ness, n. 

dfts-, prefix. Apart; asunder. In nu- 
merous words having this prefix, dis- 
has simply a negative force, causing 
the word to express the contrary of 
what is implied by the second element. 

dls-a'bl(e p , 1 dis-fi'bl; 2 dls-a^bl, vt. 
To render incapable of effective 
action; cripple; Impair.— dls'a- W*« 
blll'ty, n. Hrws*. pi.] Lack of ability; 

dis"a-buse', ) 1 dis'e-bius'; 2 dls"a-bu§', 

dls"a-bii*e' p , J vt. To rid of a false notion; 

dta'ad-van'tage, 1 dis'ad-van'tij; 2 dfa'- 
ad-van'tag. I. vt. To injure; prejudice; 
hinder. II. n. 1. That which hinders; 
a drawback; injury. 2. A state of in- 
feriority: preceded by at; as, the army was 
at a disadvantage.— dls-ad"van-ta'ffeoiis, a. 
Attended with disadvantage; detrimental; in- 
convenient, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 


dis'af-fect'd, 1 dis'a-fekt'; 2 dls'a-fect', 
vt. To alienate.— dls'af-fect'ed, pa. Alien- 
ated; estranged; unfriendly.— dis"af-fec / - 
tlon, n. Discontent; estrangement. 

dls"a-gree', 1 dis's-gri'; 2 dls'a-grS', n. 
1. To differ; fail to agree; contend; 
quarrel. 2. To be unfavorable in effect, 
as food; be injurious: followed by urtth.— dls"- 
a-gree'a-bl(e*, 1 dis's-grTs-bl; 2 dls's-grC- 
a-bl, a. Repugnant; displeasing; unpleasant. 
— d!s"a-gree'ment, n. Failure to agree; dis- 
similarity; variance; incongruity; alterca- 
tion: quarrel. 

dls"al-low', 1 dis'a-lau'; 2 dIs"a-low' t vt. 
& vi. To refuse to allow or permit; dis- 
approve.— dls"al-low'ance, n. 

dis"ap-pear', 1 dis'a-plr'; 2 dls'a-pSr', vi. 
To pass from view; vanish.— dl8"ap-pear'- 
ance, n. 

dls"ap-point' d , 1 dis'a-peint'; 2 dls'ti- 
pftint', vt. 1. To defeat the expectation, 
nope, or desire of (a person). 2. To 
frustrate (a hope or plan).— dls"ap-polnt'- 
ment, n. The state, condition, or sense of 
being disappointed; failure; frustration. 

dls-ap"pro-ba'tloii, 1 dis-ap'ro-be'slidn; 
2 dJs-ap'ro-ba'shon, n. Disapproval; un- 
favorable judgment. 

dls'ap-prove', 1 dis'a-pruv'; 2 dls'J-prov', 
v. 1. t. 1. To regard with disfavor; 
condemn: often with of. 2. To refuse; 
reject. II.. t. To feel or express disap- 
proval.— dls'ap-prov'al, n. The act of dis- 
approving; disapprobation.— dis"ap-proT'- 
ing-ly, adv. 

dis-arm', 1 dis-arm'; 2 dis-arm', v. I. t. 
To deprive of weapons; quell; allay. II. 
i. To lay aside arms.— dls-arm'a-ment, n. 

dls'ar-range', 1 dis'a-renj'; 2 dls"a-r&ng', 
vt. To disturb: derange, -ment, u. 

dls-as'ter, 1 diz-as'ter; 2 dl§-as'ter, n. 
Crushing misfortune; a calamity.— dls-as'- 
trous, 1 dlz-as'trus; 2 dla-as'trus, a. Full 
of disaster: calamitous; gloomy; dismal. 
-ly, adv. -ness. n. 

dis"a-vow% 1 dis's-vau'; 2 dlsVvow', vt. 
To deny; disclaim; disown.— dis"a-?ow'- 
al, n. A disowning; denial. 

dis-band '*, 1 dis-band'; 2 dis-band', vt. & 
vi. To break up, as an army; discharge 
from united service, as soldiers; dismiss; 
discharge.— dis-band 'ment, n. A dlsband- 

dls-fiar', 1 dis-boV; 2 dls-bSr', vt. Law. 

To deprive of the right to appear in court 

as an attorney. 
dis"be-lief', 1 disTn-Hf; 2 dls"be-lsf, n. 

A conviction that a statement is untrue; 

want of belief. 
cuVbe-lieve'.U disTn-UV; 2 dls'be-leV, 
dls'be-llev'*, )vt. & vi. To refuse to be- 

lt • = final; 1 = habit; crisle; an = out; oil; la = feud; 4hin; go; o=sin<7; Chin, this. 
S: W9lf,drj; bdbk, btibt; full, rule, cure, bilt,burn; Wl, bdy; to, fcem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



neve; withhold belief; deem false.— dls"be- 

itow'er, n. 
dts-bur'den, 1 dis-bur'dn; 2 dis-bur'dn, vt. 

& vi. To unload; get rid of; unburden. 
dls-buree', 1 (US-burs'; 2 dte-burs', vt. 

[DI8-BUR8Ep'*rDI8-BURftT'«; DIS-BUHs'lNG.] 

To pay out, as money.— dte-bnne'meiit, n. 

disc, n. Same as disk.— dls'cal, l dismal; 
2 dls'eal, a. Of, pertaining to, or like a disk, 

dls-card'd, 1 dis-kord'; 2 dls-card', vL & vi. 
To reject; dismiss. 

dis-ccrn', 1 di-surn'; 2 di-s6rn', vt. & vi. 
To see distinctly; perceive; distinguish; 
discriminate.— dls-cern1-bl(e*, a. Capable 
of being discerned; perceivable.— d te -cer n '- 
raent, n. The act or power of discerning; 
keenness; insight. 

dls-cnarge', 1 die-cliarj'; 2 dls-chfirg / , v. 
[dis-charoed'; dis-chabg'ino.1 L I. To 
send forth ; emit; unload, as a ship or car- 
go; fire, as a gun; dismiss, as an employee; 
set free, as a prisoner; pay, as a debt; 
perform, as a duty. IL i. To deliver a 
charge; unload a cargo or burden; send 
forth contents; shoot; fire; pour. 

dls-charge', n. 1. The act of discharg- 
ing; an unloading; dismissal; release. 2. 
That which discharges, as a certificate. 3. 
That which is discharged, or thrown out 
or off, as from a wound. 

dJs-cl'pKe', 1 di-eai'pl; 2 di-cI'pL I. vt. 
[dis-ci'pled; dis-ci'pling.] To convert. 
II. n. A pupil; learner; f oudwer.— dte-er*- 

dls'ei-pllne, ) 1 disVpIin; 2 cUs'i-pttn. I. 

dls f d-pttn«,|i>l. [dis'ci-plin(e)d»; dis'- 
ci-plin-ing.J 1. To train to obedience 
or effectiveness; drill; educate. 2. To 
punish. TL n. 1m Systematic training, 
as of a soldier; subjection; progressive 
molding of character and conduct. 2. 
Punishment; correction; chastisement. 3. 
A system of rules, as of a church.— <Hs"et- 
pll-natt-an, l dteVpu-nCn-en; 2 dbl- 
pb-na'ri-an. La. Of or pertaining to dis- 
cipline. II. n. One who disciplines; one 
strict in discipline.— dfe'ct-pU-na-ry, 1 dtoV 
pli-ne-n; 2 dte'i-pli-nfi-ry, a. Of or relating 
to discipline; employed In discipline. 

dla-clalm', 1 dis-klem'; 2 dto-elam', vt. To 
disavow; disown; reject; deny.— dls-dalm'- 
er, n. One who or that which disclaims. 

dls-ctose % 1 1 dis-kloV ; 2 dls-clSg'. vt. & vi. 

dls-cloie' p , J [dis-ci<osed' ; pis-clos'ing.] 
To lay bare; uncover; make known; re- 
veal; tell.— dts-eJo'sare or -sure', l dte- 
kld'sur; 2 dls-elO'shur, n. 1. The act or 
process of disclosing. 2. Anything dis- 

dls-col'or, 11 dis-kul'er; 2 cHs-edTor, «*. 

dls-cul'or*, f To give an unnatural color 
to; stain.— aLs-cof^or-a'tlon, u. 

dts-com'fH<*, Udis-kum'fit^dls-edm'fit, 

dfts-cumllt*, J vt. To defeat utterly: frus- 
trate; rout; vanquish.— dls-com'ft-Uire, n. 

dfs-com'fort, 11 dis-kum'fsrt; 2 dls- 

dls-cum'fbrt*, Jedm'fort, n. The state of 
being uncomfortable, or that which causes 
it; disturbance; disquietude. 

dte"com-mode', 1 dis"ke-m5d'; 2 dls'eft- 
mdd', vt. [-mod'ed* 1 ; -mod'ing.] To 
cause inconvenience to; trouble; annoy. 

dls"com-pose% 1 dis"kem-pds / ; 2dls'e6m- 
pd§' t vt. [-posed'; -pos'ing.J To disar- 
range; derange; agitate; disturb.— dls"com- 
pCsurca. Agitation; disorder. 

<tts"coib*cert' d , 1 dis'ken-eurt'; 2 dls'e&n- 

Sert', vt 1* To confuse, as by surprise; 
iscompose. 2. To disarrange, as a plan; 

dls'con-nect'd, 1 disTce-nekt'; 2 dls'c5- 
neet', vt. To dissolve the connection of; 
separate.— dte'eon-nectloii* n. 

dte-con'go-lato, 1 di*-ken'so-ht; 2 dto- 
edn'so-lat, a. Sorrowful; inconsolable; 
gloomy; cheerless; sad. 

dla'con-tent', 1 dis"ken-tent'; 2 dls"- 
eSn-tent'. I a . vt. To dissatisfy. II. n. 
Lack of content; dissatisfaction; uneasi- 
ness, dls^con-tenfmentt. 

dte'con-tent'ed, a. Ill at ease; dissatis- 
fied. -Iy, adv. -nets, n. 

dls'ton-Un'iie, 1 dis"ken-tin'yu; 2 dfa"- 
eon-tln'yu, vt. & vi. [•tin'ubd; -tin'u- 
ing.J To break off; bring to an end; 
cease; stop; intermit; separate; be dis- 
united.- dts^con-ttn^Kasiec, 1 <Us*ken- 
tin'yu-ens; 2 dis"e6n-tin'yu-anc, n. The set 
of discontinuing; interruption; intermission. 
-dte'con-ttirti-a'tloii, n- dls"con-ttn'- 
a-ous, a. Not continuous; Interrupted; 

dlg'cord, 1 discord; 2 dls'edrd, n. 1. 
Variance; strife; contention. 2. A com- 
bination of inharmonious sounds; lack of 
harmony.— dts-cor'daiice* n. A discordant 
state or quality; discord, dls-eor'daa-cyt. 
— dls-cer'dant, a. Contradictory; harsh; 
dissonant, -ly, adv. 

dl&-coant' d , 1 dis-kaunt'; 2 dfa-eount', vt. 
& vi. 1* To deduct; make an allowance; 
take with exception or doubt, as a state- 
ment; discredit. 2* To buy or cash, as 
notes, for less than face value; cash with 
deduction of interest yet to accrue. 3* 
To draw on in advance, as income or pros- 
pects; anticipate. 

dls 'count* 1 dis'kaunt; 2 dls'eount, n. 1. 


2: art > ipe,fat, fire ,ft8t > what,an;m^g^pre^,fcrn; bit t lce;l*frice;g« t n5t,lfcr. woe, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 



An amount deducted; interest deducted in 
advance for cashing notes, etc. 2. The act 
of discounting. 3. The rate of discount. 

dls-coun'te- nance*, 1 dis-kaun'ti-nens; 
2 dls-eoun'te-nanc, vt. To disapprove; 

dls-cour'age, ) 1 dis-kur'ij; 2 dls-etir'ag, 

dls-cur'age*, J vt. [-aged; -ag-ing.] To 
damp the courage of; dispirit; dishearten ; 
oppose; obstruct.— dls-cour'age-ment, n. 
The act of discouraging, or the state of being 
discouraged; also, that which discourages; 

41s-course', 1 dis-kors'; 2 dls-e5rs'. I. vt. 
& vi. [dis-coursed'*, dis-courst'»; dis- 
coubs'ing.J To talk; speak; converse; 
make an address. HP n. Connected com- 
munication of thought; conversation; a 
formal address. 

dls-cour'te-sy, \1 dis-kdVti-si; 2 dls- 

dls-cur'te-sy 8 , J cur'te-sy, n. [-sies«, vL] 
Rude behavior; Impoliteness.— dis-cour'te- 
ous, 1 dls-kurti-us; 2 dls-eur'te-tts, a. Im- 
polite; rude, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dls-cov'er, ) 1 dis-kuv'ar; 2 cus-edv'er, vt. 

dis-cuv'er p , j To find out; disclose; reveal; 
expose.— dls-cov'er-a-ble, a.— dls-cov'er- 
er, n.— dls-eo v'er-y, 1 dis-kov'er-i; 2 dls- 
e6v'er-y, n. [-ies», pi.] The act of discover- 
ing; disclosure; something discovered. 

dls-cred'lt, 1 dis-kred'it; 2 dls-er&I'it. 
1<*. vt. To disbelieve; injure the credit of; 
destroy faith in. II. n. 1. The act of 
discrediting. 2. Lack of % credit; im- 
paired reputation; dishonor.— dls-cred'It-a- 
M(e p , a. Hurtful to credit or reputation; 

dls-creet', 1 dis-krtt'; 2 dls-creV, a. Wise 
in avoiding errors; judicious; prudent. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dls-crep'ant, 1 dis-krep'ent or dis'kn-pant; 
2 dls-crep'ant or dls'cre-pant, a. Differ- 
ent; opposite; contrary.— dls-crep'an-cy, 
1 dls-krep'an-si; 2 dls-erep'an-cy, n. [-cies 1 , 
pi.] A disagreement or difference, dls-crep'- 

dls-crete'v 1 dis-krft'; 2 dfa-creV, a. 1. 
Distinct or separate. 2* Made up of dis- 
tinct parts, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dit-rre'tlon, 1 dis-kresVen; 2 dls-eresh'on, 
n. 1. Cautious and correct judgment; 
prudence; sagacity. 2. Freedom of judg- 
ment and action.— dls-fcretlon-a-ry, a. 
Left to discretion; uncontrolled except by 
discretion. dts-cre'tion-aU. 

dls-erlm'i-iiate, 1 dis-krim'i-nSt; 2 dls- 
erlm'i-nat. I. vt. & vi. [-NAT'sod; 
-nat'ing.] To note the differences be- 
tween; note as different; distinguish; 
make a distinction. II. a. Noting dif- 

ferences : discriminating; discriminated, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n.— dls-crlm'l-nat"lng, pa. 
Having power on serving to distinguish; 
differential, -ly, adv.— dis-erf m"l-na'tion, 
n. The act or power of discriminating; 
distinction.— dls-crlm'i-na-tlv(e 9 , a. Dis- 
criminating; distinctive, dls-crlm'1-na- 

dis-crown', 1 dis-kraun'; 2 dis-crown', vt. 
To remove a crown from; dethrone. 

dts-cur'sive, ) 1 dis-kur'srv; 2 dls-ear'siv, 

dis-cur'slv 8 , /a. Passing from subject to 
subject; wandering, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dls-cuss't, 1 dis-kus'; 2 dls-cus', vt. To 
argue for and against; debate.— dls-cus '- 
slon, 1 dls-kuSh'an; 2 dls-cush'on, n. The 
i*ot of discussing; argumentative examina- 
tion; debate. 

dis-daln',1 dis-d§n'; 2 dls-dan'. I. vt. To 
regard with proud indifference; despise. 
II. n. Proud contempt.— dls-daln'fnl, a. 
Scornful, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dis-ease', 1 diz-Iz'; 2 di§-es\ I. vt. [dis- 
eased'; dis-eas'ing.1 To cause disease 
in; disorder. II. n. Disturbed or abnor- 
mal action in the living organism; sick- 
ness; illness. 

dts"em-bark't, i dis "em-bark'; 2 disem- 
bark', vt. & vi. To put or go ashore; land; 
unload.— dls-em'bar-ka'tlon or-ca'tlon,n. 

dls'em-bar'rass*, 1 dis'em-bar'es; 2 dls'- 
em-baVas, vt. To free from embarrass- 
ment, -ment, n. 

dis"em-bod'y, 1 dis'em-bed'i; 2 dls'em- 
bod'y, vt. 1. To free from the body. 2. 
To disband, as troops. 

dls'em-bow'el, ldis'em-bau'el; 2 cUs'Sm- 
bow'81, vt. To take or let out the bowels of. 

dls"en-chant' d , 1 dis'en-cTiant'; 2 disen- 
chant', vt. To free from enchantment. 
-ment, n. 

dis"en-cum'ber, 1 dis'en-kum'ber; 2 dls'- 
en-cum'ber, vt. To free from encum- 

dls'en-gage', 1 dis"en-g€j'; 2 dls'en-g&g', 
vt. & vi. To set or be free from engage- 
ment; becomedetached; withdraw. -ment,n. 

dls"en-tan'glc, ) 1 dis "en-tan 'gl; 2 dls'en- 

dls "en-tan 'glp, jtan'gl. vt. To relieve of 
entanglement; unravel. 

dls'en-thrall', -thral', 1 dis'en-threl'; 2 
dls'en-thral', vt. To release from thral- 
dom; set free, -ment, n. 

dis"en- trance', 1 dis "en-trans'; 2 dls"8n- 
tranc', vt. To arouse from a trance; free 
from illusion. 

dte'es-tabllslit, 1 dis'es-tablish; 2 dises- 
tablish, vt. To deprive of established 
character; withdraw state patronage from, 
as a church, -ment, n. 

1: • = final; is habit; able; cm = out; oil; Ia = f«ud: iJhin; so; q = n\ng; <bin, this. 
S: wolf,df; bdbk, bdftt; Apll, rule, cttre, bA^bOrn; dll, boy; to, ^em; in*; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


dls-fa'vor. 1 dis-ffi'ver; 2 dto-fa'vor. I. vt. 
To withdraw or withhold favor from; dis- 
countenance. II. n. Disapproval; dislike. 

dls-flp'ure, 1 dis-fig'yur: 2 dis-fig'yur, vt. 
To impair or injure the beauty of; render 
unsightly; deform.— dls-flg'iire-ment, n. 
1. That which disfigures. 2. The act of dis- 
figuring, or the state of being disfigured, dls- 

dts-fran'chlse, 1 dis-fran'dhiz or -dhoiz; 2 
dfe-fr&n'chis. or -chls, vt. [-chised; -cms- 
ing.] To deprive of a citizen's privileges, 
as of the ballot, -ment, n. 

dls-gorge', 1 dis-gerj'; 2 dta-fdrg', vt. & vi. 
To eject; vomit; restore; make restitution. 

dls-grace', 1 dis-gres'; 2 dls-grftc / . It. vt. 
To bring reproach upon; dismiss with ig- 
nominy. II. n. Reproach; infamy; igno- 
miny.— dls-graceTul.a. Characterized by or 

causing disgrace; shameful. -lY,adv. -ness,n. 
dls-glllse', ) 1 dis-gaiz'; 2 dfe-glg/. I. vt. 
dls^guize' P , /[dis-guised'; dis-guis'ing.] 

To change, in appearance, as by a mask; 
hide; alter. II. n. The act of disguising 
or the state of being disguised; something 
that disguises; concealment. 

dls-gust', 1 dis-gust'; 2 dls-f ttst'. Id. vt. 
To cause to loathe or hate. II. n. Strong 
aversion; loathing; abhorrence.— dls-gust'- 
Ing, pa. Odious; revolting.— dls-gusclng- 
ljr, adv. 

dish*, 1 disli; 2 dTsh, v. I. *. 1. To place 
in a dish or dishes; serve, as food. 2. To 
make concave, as a wheel. II. i. To be 
or become concave. 

dish, n. 1. A concave vessel for serving 
food at meals. 2. The food served in a 
dish. 3. Concavity.— dlsh'ful, n. 

dls"ha-bllle', 1 disVbll' or -Ml'; 2 dte"- 
a-bll' or -bfl,n. Undress, or negligent attire. 

dls-heart'en, ) 1 dis-hort'n; 2 dls-hart'n, 

dts-hart'en", J vt. To discourage. 

dl-shev'el, 1 di-sliev'el; 2 di-sheVSl,irf. & vi. 

[-ELED or -ELLED, -ELD - ; EL-ING or -EL- 

ling.I To disorder (the hair) ; disarrange 
(the dress). 

dls-hon'est, 1 dis-on'est; 2 dfe-«n'est, a. 
Lacking in honesty; fraudulent; false. 
-ly, adv.- dls-hon'es-ty, n. Falsity; insin- 
cerity; violation of trust; fraud. 

dls-hon'or, 1 dis-en'ar; 2 dIs-6n'or. I. vt. 
1. To disgrace; insult; seduce. 2. Com. 
To decline or fail to pay, as a note. II. n. 
1. Lack of honor; degradation; insult; re- 
proach; strain. 2. Refusal or failure to 
pay a note, etc., when due.— dte"hon'or-a- 
bl(e p , a. Characterized by or bringing dis- 
honor; discreditable; Ignoble, -ness, n.— 
dls-hon'or— -My, adv. 

dls"ln-cllne , 1 dis'in-kloin'; 2 dls'in-clln', 


ft. To make unwilling; indispose.— dls- 
ln'cU-na'tton, n. Aversion; unwillingness. 

dls'ln-fect'*, f dis'in-fekt'; 2 dls'in-fect', 
vt. To purify from infection.— dlsln-fec'- 
tant. I. a. Disinfecting. II. n. A sub- 
stance used to disinfect.— dls'ln-fec'tlon, n. 

dls"ln-sen'u-ops, 1 dis'in-jen'yu-us; 2 
dls"in-&en'yu-us t a. Not sincere; deceit- 
ful, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dfs /f ln-her / Itd, 1 dis'in-her'it; 2 dTs"in-heV- 
it, vt. To deprive of an inheritance. -I- 
tance, n. 

dls-ln'te-grate<*, 1 dis-in'ti-grSt; 2 dls- 
In'te-grat, vt. & vi. To break or fall in 
pieces; crumble.— dls-ln'te-gra'tlon, n. 

dls"ln-ter', 1 dis'in-tiir'; 2 dls'in-teV, vt. 
To dig up, asfromagrave; exhume, -ment. n. 

dis-ln'ter-est-ed, niis-in'ter-est-ed; 2 dls- 
In'ter-est-ecl, o. Unselfish; impartial. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dls-joln', 1 dis-jein'; 2 dfe-j6in', vt. A vi. To 
sever or be severed; separate ; sunder; part. 

dls-jolnt' d , 1 dis-jemt'; 2 dls-j6int', vt. To 
divide at the joints; dislocate; disconnect. 
— dls-Jolnt'ed, pa. Dislocated; discon- 
nected; Incoherent, -ly, adv. 

dls-Jimc'tive, 11 dis-junk'tiv; 2 dls-juoc'- 

dls-junc'tlv 8 , Jtiv. I. a. Helping or serv- 
ing to disjoin. II. n. That which disjoins, 
as one of certain conjunctions, -ly, adv. 

disk, \ 1 disk; 2 disk, n. Any plane or sur- 

dlsc, J face that is flat and round. 

dis-Uke',1 dis-loik'; 2 dte-Hk'. I*. vt. To 
regard witb aversion. II. n. Distaste; 
repugnance; aversion. 

dtslo-cate, 1 dis'lo-kst; 2 dtelo-eat, vt. 
[-cat'edo; -cat'ing.] To put out of joint 
or out of order; displace.— dlslo-ca'tloivn. 

dis-lodge', 1 dis-lej'; 2 dls-lddg', vt. To 
drive out; eject; displace.— dls-lodg'ment, u. 

dls-loy'al, 1 dis-loi^al; 2 dfe-l6y'al, a. False 
to one's allegiance; faithless, -ly, adv. -ty,n. 

dls'mal, 1 diz'mel; 2 dlg'mal, a. Cheer- 
less; doleful; gloomy, -ly, adv. -ness, ft. 

dls-man'tle, \ 1 dis-man'tl; 2 dls-man'tl, 

dls-man'tP, / vt. [-tl(e)d*; -tling.] To 
strip of fittings, furniture, defenses, etc. 

dls-mast'd, vt. To remove the masts of. 

dls-may', 1 dis-mS'; 2 dls-ma'. I. vt. To 
fill with fear; appal; affright. II. n. Over- 
whelming fright; consternation; terror. 

dls-mem'ber, 1 dis-mera'ber; 2 dls-mem'- 
ber, vt. To separate limb from limb. 
-ment, n. 

dfs-ralss'S 1 dis-mis'; 2 dfa-mfa' t vt. To 
put out of office; discharge; set aside; 
send away; reject.— dls-mls'sal, n. A dis- 
missing; discharge, dls-mls'ston?. 

d!s-mount' d , 1 dis-maunt'; 2 dis-mount', 
r. I. t. To remove from a horse, as a 

8:ar^ape,fat^fare,ffet^wbj>t,ftU;mC,g«t,pi^ l fern;hitJce;^ 

Digitized by UOOQ IC 


soldier, or from a mounting, as a cannon. 
II. t. To get off or alight, as from a 
horse; come down; descend. 

dls"o-bey% 1 dis'o-bs'; 2 dfe'o-be/, vt. A vi. 
To refuse to obey; be disobedient.— dls"o- 
be'dl-ence, n — dls'o-be'dl-ent, 1 dls'o- 
bfdi-ent; 2 dls*o-Wdi-ent, o. Neglecting or 
refusing to obey; refractory, -ly, adv. 

dls"o~bllge', 1 dis'o-blai/; 2 dls'o-bllz', vt. 
To neglect or refuse to oblige.— dls'o-bllg'- 
Ing, pa. Not disposed to oblige; unaccom- 
modating, -ly, adv. 

d I s-or >der> 1 d ie-arMer ; 2 dla -or '* I Br. I- vt. 
To throw out of order; di.surru.uge; de- 
range, II. a, I. Disarrangement; ilis- 
nrderlinese; disease, 3. A disturbance of 
the peace.— dls-or'der-ly, 1 dis-nrMnr-ti ; 2 
dls-dr/dSr-ly. a. A adv. Belli* in dlsiirdtr; 
lnvrJfsa. dJareputabts.— tUa-ar'der-II-mwii, n. 

dls-ar'gan-ise, 1 dLs-ar'gan-aiz; 2 d!s- 
Ar/gaD-Iz, el. To deprive of organisation; 
break up,— dU-or"gan-l-ia r tlou, b. 

disown V 1 dia-oa'; 2 dte-oQ' r *(. To refuse 
to acknovi ledij? or to admit; deny; reject. 

dlj-par'age, 1 dis-par'y; 2 dfe-nnr'ag. vt. 
[- jloed ; -ta-i.N'c . ] To spca k of sligh i i rijprty ; 
undervalue .— dls-par'agc-men U n , The act 
of deprcctatUig or undervaluing; detraction. 

dls-par'1-tr* 1 dis-porVti; 2 riTs-pAr'i-ty, n. 
\?riEB* t pi. J The statu of being di.^irmkir; 

. inequality. 

dls-pas'slon-ate, 1 dis-pasVen-St; 2 dls- 
pasb'on-at, a. Free from passion; with- 
out prejudice, -ly, adv. 

41s-pateh',\ l dls-pacV: 2 dls-pach'. It. 

dls-pach ",/*. To send off swiftly; do 
promptly; execute; accomplish: kill outright. 
U. a. 1. The act of dispatching. 2. A 
message sent with haste, as by telegraph, 
t. Promptness; expedition; speed. 

dls-pel', 1 dis-pel'; 2 dls-peT, vt, [dis- 
pelled', DI8-PELD*; DI8-PEL'LINa.] To 

scatter; disperse; dissipate. 
dls-pense', 1 dis-pens'; 2 dis-pens', v. [dis- 
pensed^, DIS-PENST*; DIS-PENS'lNO.] I. t. 

1. To deal out in portions; administer, as 
laws. 2. To relieve or excuse, as from 
obligation. II. t. To grant dispensation. 

— to dispense with, to do without; relin- 
QuJah; forego.— dls-pen'sa-M(e p , a. Ca- 
pable of being dispensed or dispensed with. 

— dls-pen'sa-ry, 1 dls-pen'se-ri; 2 dto-pen'sa- 
ry, a. Hues*, pi.] A place where medicines 
are kept and compounded, especially where 
they are given freely to the poor.— dls'pen- 
sa'tlon, l dis'pen-se'snen; 2 dls'pen-sl'shon, 
n. 1. The act of dispensing, 2. Exemption 
as from an ecclesiastical rule. t. A special 
divine revelation or dealing.— dts-pen'sa- 
to-ry, l dls-pen'se-to-n; 2 dls-pen'sa-to-ry. 
I. a. Of or pertaining to dispensing or dls- 

^ dispute 

pensatlon. II. n. [-ribs', pi.] A book In 
which medicinal substances are described; 
dls-perse', 1 dis-purs'; 2 dls-pera', vt. & vi. 


To scatter.— dis-per'slon, 1 dis-pOr'snen; 
2 dls-per'shon, n. The act of dispersing, 
or the state of being dispersed; something 
dispersed. [depress; dishearten. 

dis-pir'itd. 1 dis-pir'it; 2 cus-plr'it, vt. 1 o 

dls-place", 1 dis-pleV; 2 dTs-plac', vt. To 
put out of place; take the place of. -ment , n. 

dls-play', 1 dis-ple'; 2 dls-pla'. I. vt. & vi. 
To make manifest or conspicuous; parade; 
open; unfold; expose; make a display. 
II. n. The act of spreading out, unfold- 
ing, or bringing to the view or to the mind; 
ostentatious show. 

dis-please', 1 dis-phV; 2 dls-ple§', vt. & vi. 
To vex; annoy; offend; give offense.— 
dls-p)easlng 9 pa. Offensive, -ly, ads.— 
dts-plea'sftre, 1 dls-ples'ur; 2 dls-plesh'ur, 
n. 1. The state of being displeased; dissat- 
isfaction: vexation: indignant disapproval. ' 
2. An annoyance; offense. 

dls-port', 1 dis-port'; 2 dts-pdrt'. I d . vt. 
& vi. To divert; play; sport. II. n. Di- 
version: sport. 

dls-pose', 1 dis-pos'; 2 dls-pos/. vt. & vi. 
[dis-posed'; dis-pos'ino.] 1. To arrange; 
settle ; order; regulate. 2. To incline ; ren- 
der favorable — to dispose of, to part with; 
get rid of; sell. — dls-pVsal, n. The act of 
disposing; arrangement; distribution; sale; 
control; outlay.— dls-pos'er, n. One who 
disposes or orders. 

dls'po-sl'tlon, 1 dis'po-sisVen; 2 dls'po- 
slsh'on, n. 1. The act of disposing; dispo- 
sal; settlement. 2. Natural temper; tem- 
perament; spirit; propensity; inclination. 

dls'pos-sess'S i dis'pe-zes'; 2 dls'po-ges', 
vt. To eject; oust.— dta'pos-sos'slon, n. 

dls-pralse', 1 dis-preV; 2 dls-prag', n. 
Blame; censure. _ 

dls-proof', 1 dis-pruf'; 2 dto-proof, n. 
Refutation; confutation. 

d!s"pro-por'tlon, 1 dis'pro-pdr'shen; 2 
dls'pro-pdr'shon. I. vt. To make un- 
sym metrical. 11. n. Want of due pro- 
portion or relation.— dls"pro-por'tlon-ate, 
a. Out of proportion; dlsproportloned. 
dls"pro-por'tIon-alt. -ly, adv. 

dis-prove', 1 dis-pruv 7 ; 2dfa-prov / , tf. To 
prove to be false; confute; refute.— dls- 
prov'al, n. Disproof. 

dls-pute', 1 dis-piut'; 2 dls-pQt', v. [dia- 
pxrr'EDd; dis-put'ino.] 1. 1. To question; 
challenge; discuss; contest. II. ». To 
debate; quarrel.— dls'pu-ta-bl(e p , a. That 
may be disputed; controvertible; doubtful.— 

1: • = final; is habit; frisle; on = ovt; all; 10 = feud; ^hin; so; rj = sln^; Chin, this, 
t: wolf, do,; bdbk, boot; f^ll, mle, cflre, bdt,bOrn; 611, boy; to, ftem; i«k; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


dls'pu-tant. I. a. Engaged in contro- 
versy; disputing. II. n. One who disputes. 

— dte'pu-ta'tlon, n. The act of disput- 
ing; controversy; discussion; argumentation. 

— dIs"pu-ta'tlous, l dls'plu-te'slius; 2 dis"- 
pO-tft'shus, a. Tending or pertaining to dis- 
putation.— dls-put'er, n. 

dls-pute% n. A controversial discussion; 
a contest; altercation; wrangle; quarrc:. 

dls-qual'1-fy, 1 dis-kwel'i-foi; 2 dis-kwai'i- 
fl, vt. To deprive of qualifications; in- 
capacitate; debar.— dls-qu*l"l-fl-c*'tlon, n. 

dls-quTet, 1 dis-kwai'et; 2 dls-kwl'€t. I d . 
vt. Tomake uneasy; harass; disturb. II.n. 
Restlessness; uneasiness, dis-qul'e-tudej. 

dls"qul-sI'tlon, 1 dis'kwi-ziifli'en; 2 dls"- 
kwi-steh'on, n. A systematic treatise or 

dls"re-gard', 1 dis"n-gard'; 2 dls're-g&rd'. 
I d . vt. To slight; overlook. II. n. 
Want of regard; neglect. 

dts-rel'ish, l dis-rel'iali; 2 dte-reTish. I. 
vt. 1. To dislike. 2. To make unpala- 
table or offensive. II. n. 1. A feeling 
of slight repugnance; distaste; dislike. 
2. The quality of being displeasing or dis- 

dls"re-pute', 1 cuVri-piut'; 2 dXs"re-put\ n. 
liack or loss of reputation; ill repute. 

— dls-rep'u-ta-bl(e p , l dls-rep'yu-ts-bl; 2 
dls-rep'yu-ta-bl, a. Being in or causing ill 
repute; disgraceful.— <Hs-rep'u-ta-bIy t adv. 

dls"re-spect', 1 dis"ri-spekt'; 2 dis're- 
speet', n. Lack of respect; discourtesy. 

— dis^re-spect'ful. a. Wanting in respect; 
discourteous — dls^e-speefftal-Iy, adv. 

dls-robe', 1, dis-rob'; 2 dls-r6b', vt. & vt. 
To unclothe; undress. 

dls-rupt'd, i dis-rupt'; 2 dts-rupt', vt. To 
burst asunder.— dto-rup'tlon, 1 dis-rup'- 
snsn; 2 dls-rup'shon, n. The act of burst- 
ing asunder; the state of being disrupted. 

dis-sat'Is-fy, 1 dis-sat'is-fai; 2 dte-sat'is-fl, 
vt. To disappoint; displease.— dls-satls- 
fae'tlon, n. A dissatisfied state or feeling; 

dls-sect' d , 1 di-sekt'; 2 dl-sect', vt. To cut 
apart and analyze; anatomise.— dls-see'- 
tfon, 1 di-sek'slisn; 2 dl-eee'shon, n. The 
act of dissecting; a dissected object; critical 
analysis.— dls-see'tor, n. 

dis-sem'blc, ) 1 di-sem'bl; 2 dJf-sem'bl, vt. 

dls-sem W, / & vi. (-bled, -bld p ; -bling .] 
To hide by false pretense; pretend; feign; 
dissimulate.— dls-sem'bler, n. 

dls-sem '1-nate, 1 di-sem'i-n§t; 2 dJ-eem'i- 
nat, vt. [-nat'ed* 1 ; -nat'ino.] To sow 
broadcast; diffuse; promulgate.— dls-seml- 
na'tlon, n. 

dls-sen'sion, 1 di-sen'sTien; 2 dl-sen'shon, 
n. Bitter disagreement; discord; strife. 

dls-sent', 1 di-eent'; 2 dl-sent'. I d . vt. 
hi disagree. II. n. The act or state 
of dissenting; disagreement; noncon- 
formity .— dte-sent'er, n. One who dissents, 
as from an established church; a noncon- 

dls"ser-ta'tion, 1 dis'sr-tS'slien; 2 dfe'Sr- 
ta'shon, n. An argumentative treatise or 
discourse; disquisition. 

dls-sev'er, 1 di-sev'er; 2 dl-seVSr, vt. A vi. 
To sever; disjoin; separate; part. dJs-sev'- 
er-ance, n. Separation. 

dis 'si-dent, 1 dis'i-dent; 2 dls'i-dfint. I.. 
a. Dissenting; differing. II. n. A dis- 
senter.— dls'st-dence, n. Disagreement; 

dls-slm'1-tor, 1 dis-sim'i-lar; 2dJs-sIm'i-lar. 
a. Unlike; different, -ly, adv.— dls-slm"- 
t-lart-ty, n. Unllkeness; difference, dls"- 

dls-sim'u-late d , 1 dis-sim'yu-l€t ;2dls-slm'- 
yu-iat, vt. A vt. To dissemble.— dl8-stm"u- 
la'tlon, n. False pretense. 

dls'sl-pate, 1 dis'i-pet; 2 dls'i-pSt, v. 
[-pat ED d ; -pat'ing.J 1. 1. To disperse; 
dispel; waste; squander. II. i. 1. To 
scatter; vanish. 2. To be wasteful or 
dissolute.— dls'st- pat "ed, pa. Pursuing 
pleasure to exoess; dissolute.— dls'sl-pa'- 
ttoa, n. The act of dissipating; excess; 
Indulgence In vicious pleasures. 

dis-so'cl-ate, 1 di-s6'slii-€t; 2 dl-so'shi-it, 
vt. [-AT*»D d ; -at'ing.] To disconnect; 
separate.— dls-so'd-a'tlen, n. 

dls'so-la-ble, ) 1 dis'oliu-bl or di-sel'yu- 

dls'so-lii-M', j bi; 2 dts'o-lu-bl or <H-s6T- 
vu-bl, a. Separable into parts; that may 
be dissolved or decomposed. 

dls'so-lute, 1 dis'o-liut: 2 dls'o-lut, a. 
Abandoned; profligate.— dte'sq-lnte-ly, adv. 
— dls'so-lute-ness, n. 

dls'so-lu'tlon, 1 dis'o-liu'slien; 2 dfe'o- 
UVshon, n. The act of dissolving ; separa- 
tion; disintegration; decomposition; death. 

dis-solve',) 1 di-zelv 7 ; 2 dl-§61v', vt. & vt. 

dlSHSOlr' 8 , j [dis-solv(e)d' b ; dis-solv'ing.1 
To melt: break up; abrogate; relax; de- 
stroy.- dis-solr'a-M (e', a.- db-sol'vent, 
a. An. 

dls'so-nant, 1 dis'o-nent; 2 dls'o-nant, a. 
Harsh; Inharmonious.— dls'so-nance, n. 
Discord; disagreement. 

dls-suade% 1 di-ew§d'; 2 dX-swfid', vt. & vi. 
tDis-suAD'ED d ; dis-suad'ing.1 To per- 
suade against (an act): with from.— dte- 
sua'slon, n. 1. The act of dissuading. 2. 
A dissuasive.— dta-Biia'sIv(e*. I. a. Tend- 
ing or intended to dissuade; dissuading. II. 
n. A dissuading argument or consideration. 
dls-sua'slve-ly, adv. 

lMirtistic,firt; fat, fare; fast; get, prty; bit, police; obey, g6;net,6r; full, rflle;bot, bOro. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


<U9-€fll*-Ue,)l di-eil'e-bl: 2 dl-syi'a-bl, 
sUs-SFfla-felP, jn. A word of two syl- 
lables. - dls'syl-lab'le, a. 

dls'taff, > 1 dis'toi; 2 dto'taf, n. [dis'- 

dls'tof*, J tacts or (rarely) dis'tavbs, pi.] 
A rotating vertical staff that holds tho 
bunch of flax or wool in hand-spinning. 

dls-taln', 1 dis-ten'; 2 dto-tan', vt. To 
stain; sully. 

dls'tance, 1 dis'tona; 2 dte'tanc. I. vt. 

Idis'tancbd*; dis'tanolnq.] To leave 
hopelessly behind in a race; outstrip. 
II. n. 1* Length of separation in space. 
2. Remoteness; a remote point. 8. Re- 
serve; deference; coldness; haughtiness. 

dls'tant, 1 dis'tent; 2 cUVtant, a. 1. 
Separated in space or time; remote; in- 
distinct. 2. Reserved; format -If, adt. 

4is-ta8te% 1 dis-tdst^ 2 dls-tastf, n. Aver- 
sion; disrelish; dislike.- dls-tasteftal, a. 
Offensive; displeasing. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

dls-tem'per, 1 dis-tem'par: 2 dls-tem'per, 
vt. 1. To affect with disease. 2. To 
anger; ruffle. 

dls-tem'peri, n. V A malady, as of 
brutes. 2. Ill humor; disturbance. 

dls-tem'per*, n. Water-color, as for 
scene-painting, or the painting so executed. 

dls-tend'4, 1 dis-tend r ; 2 dfe-tend', vt. & 
tf. To expand; swell; Inflate.— dls-ten"- 
st-b&'I-ty,n.-dls-ten'si-bl(eP,a. Capable 
of being distended.— dls-ten'tton, n. The 
act of distending, or the state of being dis- 
tended, dls-ten'slon*. 

dls'ttch, 1 dis'tik; 2 dVtie, n. Pros. A 

dls-til', ) 1 dis-til'; 2 db-tll', vt. & vL 1. 

dlf-tlll', /To vaporise and condense; also, 
to make extracts by such process. 2. To 
give forth or exude in drops; shed; emit. 
— dls'til-Ia'tion, ». The act or product of 
distilling.— dls-UTler, n. One who distils; a 
condenser used in distilling.— dls-Wler-y, n. 
E-ies*. pi.] An establishment for distilling, 
especially for distilling alcoholic liquors. 

dte-ttnct', 1 dis-tiokt'; 2 dls-tloet', a. 
Clear; plain; disjoined; separate. -If, adv. 
-ness, n.-dls-tine'tion, l dls-ttpk'Shsn; 2 
dls-Une'shon, n. 1. A distinguishing mark or 
quality; a mark of honor; eminence. 2. The 
act of distinguishing; discrimination.— dls- 
taue'tlv(e>, a. Characteristic; distinguish- 
ing. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

dte-tin'gulsht, 1 dis-tin'gwisn; 2 dfe-tln'- 
ftwish, v. I. t. 1. To note as different; 
discriminate. 2. To make eminent. II. 
t. To discriminate: followed by between. 
-dls-ttn'gfrfsli-a-bl(e*, a.-dls-ttn'- 
gultlied, pa. Conspicuous; eminent. 

dls-tort*', 1 dis-tert'; 2 dls-tdrt', sf. To 


twist into an unnatural form; misinter- 
pret; pervert.— dls-tor'tlon, n. The act of 
distorting: a deformity; perversion. 

dis- tract's 1 dis-trakt'; 2 dJte-traet', vt. 
To divert or turn aside; bewilder; erase. 
— dls-tractfed, pa. Bewildered or harassed; 
erased.— dls-trac'tton, n. 1. A diversion 
of the mind; confusion; Interruption. 2. 
Agitation; frensy.— dls-tractlng, a. 

dls-train', 1 dis-trSn'; 2 dls-tran', v. 1. t. 
To seise for debt. II. i. To make a 
levy on personal property for debt.— dls- 
traln'er or -or, n.— dls-traint', n. The 
seizure of personal property for debt. 

dls-tralt', 1 dis-tr?; 2 dls-trft\ a. Absent* 
minded. [Distracted. 

dls-traught', 1 dis-tret'; 2 dfe-trat', a. 

dls-tressVl dis-tres'; 2 dis-tres'. I*. vt. 
1. To cause to suffer; afflict; grieve; 
agitate. 2. Late. To distrain. II. n. 
1. Acute or extreme suffering; pain; 
trouble. Z.Law. Distraint.— dls-tress'fttl, 
a. -If. adv. 

dls-trlb'ute, 1 dis-trib'yut; 2 dte-trlb'yut, 
vt. & vi. [-ut-bd<\. -UT-iNO.l To divide 
among a number; apportion; share; 
classify.- dls"W-bu'tton,ldistn-bro'dtaen; 
2 dls'trl-btl'shon, n. Apportionment; ar- 
rangement; disposition .— dL»-trlb'u-UT(e*, 
1 dls-truYyu-tlv; 2 dls-trlb'yu-tlv, a. Serving 
or tending to distribute; pertaining to distri- 
bution; applying to Individuals. -If, adv. 

dis'trict, 1 dis'tnkt; 2 dfa'triet. I. vt. To 
divide into districts. II. n. A portion of 
territory specially set off; a region; tract. 

dis-trust', 1 dis-trust'; 2 dis-trust'. I d . 
vt. To doubt; suspect. II. n. Doubt; 
suspicion.— dis-trust 'ful, a. -If, adv. 

dis-turb', 1 disturb'; 2 dfo-turb' f vt. 1. 
To rouse from rest; disquiet; agitate; 
trouble, 2. To disarrange.— dls-turf»ance, 
n. The act of disturbing; a public tumult; 
mental confusion.— dls-turifer, n. 

tuVu-nlte'd, 1 dis'yu-noit'; 2 dls'yu-nlt', 
vt. A vi. To separate; alienate or become 
alienated; estrange.— dte-a'nton, l dis-yQn'- 
yen; 2 dls-yun'yon, n. The state of being 
disunited; severance; rupture. 

dls-use', 11 dis-yus'; 2 dls-yus/, vt. To 

dls-uie'*, J discontinue. 

dls-use', 1 dis-yus'; 2 dfa-yus', n. The act 

of disusing; abandonment, dls-u'sagei. 
ditch, 1 didh: 2 dXch. It. vt. & vi. To dig 

a ditch or ditches in; drain by ditching; 

run into a ditch; make ditches. II. n. 

A narrow trench in the ground, as for 

drainage.— dltcb/er, n. 
dit'to, 1 dit'o; 2 dit'o. L n. The sam* 

thing repeated; the aforesaid. IL adv. 

As before; likewise. 

1: • = final; l = habit; tdsle; era = out; all; Msfsud; 4hln; s;o; Q=s\ng; Chin, Oils, 
t: wolf, do,; btfbk, Mot; fall, role, core, bat, burn; 611, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


dlt'ty, 1 dit'i; 2 dlt'y, n. [dit'ties', pi.] 
A short simple air; song. 

dJ-ur'nal, 1 dai-ur'ndl; 2 dl-ur'nal, a. 1. 
Daily. 2. Pertaining to the daytime. 
— dl-ur'nal-ly, adv. 

di-van', 1 di-van'; 2 di-van', n. 1. An 
Oriental council or council-chamber. 2. 
A couch. 

dive, 1 daiv ; 2 drv. I. vi. [dived or (Colloq.) 
dove, 1 d8v, 2 dOv; div'ing.] To make 
a dive; plunge or rush in. II. n. A 
plunge head foremost into or as into 
water.— dl?'er,n.— dt?lng«bdl",n. A hoi- 
low, water-tight vessel In which men may 
work under water. 

di-verge', 1 di-vurj'; 2 di-verg', vi. [di- 
verged'; di-vekg'inq.] To deviate; dif- 
fer.— dl-ver'gence, n. dl-Ter'gen-cyt.— 
dl-ver'gent, a. Differing; deviating, di- 
verging*. . [various. 

dTvers, 1 dai'vers; 2 dfvers., a. Several; 

dl- verse', 1 di-vurs'; 2 di-v6re', a. Differ- 
ing; distinct. -ly, adv.— dl-?er"sl-fl-ca'tion, 
n. Variation; variety.— dl-rer'sl-fy, vt. 
[-iTed ; -FY*iNa.l To make diverse; variegate. 

di-ver'slon, 1 di-vur / ^h©n; 2 di-veVsiion, 
n. The act of diverting, or that which 
diverts; recreation. 

dl-ver'sl-ty, 1 di-vur'si-ti; 2 di-ver'si-ty, 
n. [-ties*, pi.] The state of being di- 
verse; unlikeness. 

dl-vert'd, 1 di-vurt'; 2 di-v6rt', vt. 1. To 
turn aside; deflect. 2. To amuse; entertain. 

dl-vest'd. 1 di-vest'; 2 di-vest', vt. To 
strip; dispossess; deprive. 

dl-vide', 1 di-void'; 2 di-vld', vt. & vi. 
[di-vid'edo; di-vid'ing.] To separate into 
parts; sunder; part; diverge; differ; por- 
tion out; apportion.— dl-vld'ed-ly, adv.— 
dl-vld'er, 1 di-vold'er; 2 dJ-vId'er, n. 1. 
One who or that which divides. t. pi. Com- 

dl-vlde', n. A watershed. 

dlv'I-dend, 1 div'i-dend: 2 div'i-dend, n. 
1. Math. A quantity divided, or to be 
divided, into equal parts. 2. Com. A dis- 
tribution of profit on shares or the like. 

<li-vtee% 1 di-vain'; 2 di-vln'. I. vt. & vi. 
[di-vined'; Di-vm'iNG.J To find out or 
foretell by assumed supernatural aid; 
prognosticate; surmise; guess. II* a. 1. 
Pertaining to, proceeding from, or of the 
nature of God or of a god; sacred: excel- 
lent; godlike. 2. Pertaining to divinity 
or theology. III. n. A theologian; clergy- 
man. Aj 9 adv.— dlv*l-na'tloii,ft. 1. The act 
or art of divining, 2. An Instinctive presenti- 
ment.— dl-vin'er, n.— dl-vlnl-ty.n. [-ties', 
pi.] 1. The quality or character of being 
divine. 2. A being (real or Imaginary) re- 


garded as possessing divine attributes; espe> 
clally [D-l The Deity; God. 3. Theology. 

dl-vi'slon, 1 di-vi^en; 2 di-vfsh'on, n. 1. 
The act of dividing. 2. A part; section. 
3. Separation; disagreement. 4. That 
which divides.- dl-vte"l-l>ll1-ty, n. dl- 
vi8'I-bl(e-ne«sPt.-dI-?is1-bl(eP, l di-vis*- 
h-bl; 2 dl-vls/i-bl, a. Capable of being 
divided.- dl-vlsl-bly, adv.— dl-vl'slv(e«, 1 
di-voi'mv; 2 dl-vfsiv, a. Causing or ex- 
pressing division.— dl-vl'sor, 1 aVrai'sdr or 
-ser; 2 di-vrgor, n. Math. That by which a 
number or quantity is divided. 

di-vorce\ 1 di-v6rs'; 2 di-vorc'. I. vt. [di- 
vorced'*; di-vorc'ing.] To separate le- 
gally, as husband and wife; sunder; put 
away. II* n. Legal dissolution of a mar- 
riage contract; severance; separation. 

- dl-vorce 'a-M (e*, a. dl-rorci-bl (e* $.- 
dt-vor-cee', 1 di-vor-eS'; 2 dlrvor'ce/, n. A 
divorced woman. 

dl-vulge'. 1 di-vulj'; 2 di-vulg 7 , vt. [di- 
vttlged'; di-vulg'ing.] To tell, as a se- 
cret; disclose. 

dlx'zy, 1 diz'i; 2 dlzfy. I. vt. [dizTzosd; 
diz'zy-ii*g.] To make giddy; confuse. II* 
o. [diz'zi-er; diz'zi-bst.] Having a feel- 
ing of whirling and confusion, with a ten- 
dency to fall; giddy; causing giddiness. 

— dls'ai-ly, adv.— dix'xl-ness, n. 

do, 1 dti; 2 do, v. [did, 1 did, 2 did; do'ing; 
done, 1 dun, 2 ddn.] I. t. To bring to 
accomplishment; perform; execute; ef- 
fect; transact; finish. II. i. 1. To act: 
work. 2. To conduct oneself; fare, as in 
health. 3. To answer the purpose; suf* 
nee.— do'er, n. 

doatd, vt. Same as dote. 

doc 'lie, ) 1 des'il or d6'sil; 2 d6c'il or dS'cil, 

doc '11 s , / a. Easy to train or manage ; tract- 
able.— do-cll'1-ty, n. 

dock 1 *, 1 dek; 2 dok, vt. To shorten; cut 
off, as the tail of a horse. 

dock 8 *, vt. To lay up in or as in dock.— 
dock'age, n. The act of docking; provision 
for or charge for docking a vessel. 

dock 1 , n. Any one of various plants of the 
buckwheat family. 

dock*, n. 1. An artificial basin for ves- 
sels; also, a wharf. 2. An enclosed space 
for prisoners in a court-room. 

dock*, n. The stump of a tail. 

dock'et, 1 dek'et; 2 dftk'gt. I*. vt. To 
place on a docket; record. II. n. A 
summary; calendar of cases to be called in 
court; any calendar of business. 

dock'y*rd< 1 de^yord'; 2 doVyard', n. 
A shipyard provided with docks. 

doc 'tor, 1 dek'tsr or -ter; 24oVtor, n. 1. 
A physician. 2. A person who has re- 


8 £rt % ipe, fat,fare,f*st,wh»t,aU; me\get,pre.y, fern; hit, Ice; 1=9; i=e; g6,nftt,6r, won, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ceived the highest degree in a faculty, as 
of divinity, law, etc.— doc'tor-ate, n. 

doc 'trine, \l dek'tnn; 2 dee'trin, n. 1. 

doc'trln*, /That which is truth, especially 
in religion; a tenet, or body of tenets. 
2||. Instruction.— doc'trl-nal, a. Pertain- 
ing to doctrine; Instructive. 

doc'u-ment, 1 dok'vu-ment or -mant; 2 
doe'yu-ment, n. A written or printed 
paper conveying information or evidence. 

— doc"a-men'ta-ry, a. Of, pertaining to, 
or based upon documents. docru-men'tali. 

do-dec 'a-gon, 1 do-dek'e-gen; 2 do-deVa- 
gon, n. A figure with twelve sides and 
twelve angles — do-dec"a-he'dron, n. A 
solid bounded by twelve plane faces. 

dodge, 1 dej; 2 dodg, v. [dodged; dodg'- 
rso.] I. t. To avoid by a sudden turn. 
II. t. To move quickly to one side; 
shift; evade; skulk.— dodg'er, 1 dej'er; 2 
dodg'er. n. 

dodge, n. An evasion; trick. 

doe, 1 do; 2 d5, n. The female of the deer, 
antelope, hare, rabbit, or kangaroo. 

does, 1 doz; 2 dog, Sd per. tipg. ind. pres. of 
do, v. 

doe'skm", 1 dd'skin'; 2 do'skfai", n. 1. 
The skin of a doe. 2. A fine woolen cloth. 

do!T,fldef;2d8f,t>. 1. 1. To take off, as 

dof, fa hat or cloak. II. %. To take off 
the hat in salutation. 

dog, 1 dog; 2 ddg. I. vt. [dogged, dogd"; 
dog'ging.] To follow closely; hound; 
hunt. II. n. 1. A carnivorous mammal, 
commonly domesticated, and remarkable 
for its intelligence and its attachment to 
man. 2. A catsh or detent; implement.— 
dog*' cart", n. A two-wheeled one-horse 
vehicle, having two seats set back to back, 
and with an enclosed space for dogs be- 
neath the seats.— dog* 
days, n. pi. The hot, 
sultry season In July 
and August, when the 
dog-etar (Stilus) rises 
with the sun.— dog«ear, 
vt. To bend over a 
corner of a leaf in a 
book so as to resemble 
a dog's ear. dog*s«eari« 

— dog *star, n. The 
star Sirlus, the most 
brilliant star In the 
heavens. — dog* wood", 
n. A flowering tree of 
the United States and 
Canada, or Its wood. 

doge, 1 ddj ; 2 dog, n. 
Formerly, the elective chief magistrate, 
holding princely rank in Venice or Genoa. 

dog'ged; 1 dog'ed ; 2 ddfed, a. Silently 



or sullenly persistent; stubborn. -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. 

dog'ger-el, 1 dog'er-el; 2 ddg'6r-£l, n. 
Trivial, ill-made verse: used also adjec- 

dog'gfsh, 1 deg'i&i; 2 ddg'ish.a. Like a 
dog; snappish. 

dog'ma, 1 deVme; 2 ddg'ma, n. [dog'mas* 
or doq'ma-ta, pi.] A doctrine, as of a creed 
resting on authority; a dictum .—dog-matte, 
a. 1. Marked by positive and authoritative as- 
sertion. 2. TJke or pertaining to dogma, dog- 
matl-calt.— dog-mat'l-cal-Iy,ad».— dog'- 
ma-ttsm, 1 deg'me-tlsm; 2 ddjpma-tlsm, n. 
Positive or arrogant assertion, as of belief, 
without proof .— dog'ma-tlgt, «.— dog'ma- 
tlie- or -tise, vi. [-tized; -tiz'ing.] To ex- 
press oneself dogmatically. 

dolly, 1 dei'li; 2 dfii'ly, n. [doi'lies*, pi] 
A small table napkin, dorleyi. 

do'lngs, 1 du'inz; 2 do'ingg, n. pi Pro- 
ceedings; acts; couree of conduct. 

dolt, 1 deit; 2 doit, n. Formerly, a small 
copper coin of the Netherlands; a trifle. 

dole, 1 ddl; 2 ddl, vt. [doled; dol'ing.] 
To deal out in small quantities. 

dole, n. That which is doled out; a gratu- 

dole'ful, 1 dol'ful; 2 dSl'ful, a. Melan- 
choly; mournful, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

doll, \1 del; 2 dol, n. A toy representing 

dolP,ja person. 

dol Tar, 1 del'er ; 2 dol'ar, n. The monetary 
unit of the United States and Canada, 
equal to 100 cents, or about 4s. I 1 / id- 
English money; also, a similar coin of vari- 
ous other countries. 

dol'o-roijs, 1 del'o-rus; 2 dol'o-rus, a.- Sad; 
pathetic, -ly, adv. 

dol'phln, )1 del'fin; 2 dfil'fin, n. 1. A 

dol 'fin*, /cetacean of the Mediterranean 
and Atlantic. 2. A large fish, noted for 
the changes in its color when dying. 

dolt, 1 dolt; 2 dolt, n. A stupid person; 
dunce, -lsh. a. -ish-ly, adv. -Ish-ness, n. 

do-main', 1 do-men'; 2 do-man', n. 1. A 
territory; province; estate. 2. A de- 
partment, as of knowledge; range. 3. 
Dominion; rule. 

dome, 1 ddm; 2 ddm, n. 1. The vaulted 
roof of a rotunda; a cupola. 2. [Poet.] A 
majestic building. 

do-mes'tlc, 1 do-mes'tik; 2 do-mes'tie. I. 
a. 1. Belonging to or fond of the house 
or household. 2. Domesticated; tame. 3. 
Of or pertaining to one's own country; 
home-made. II. n. A family servant. 
— do-mes'tl-eal-ly, adv.— do-mes'ti-cate, 
ltao-mes'ti-ket; 2 do-mes'ti-cat, vt. [-cat'- 
ed<*; -cat'ing.1 To train for domestic use; 

1: a = final; i = habit; aisle; era = out; oil; fa = feud; diin; go; n -sin^; Chin, tbis. 
t: wolf, do,; book, boot; fall, rule, care, but, burn; 611, boy; to, gem; ink; thin, this 

Digitized by UOOQ IC 

Representative Types of Dogs. 
1. Scotch terrier. Vu 2. Dachshund, y* 3. Poodle. V» 4. Pug. Via 5. Smooth fox-terrier. Vu 
6. Pomeranian. Vu 7. Irish wateropaniel. V« 8. American foxhound. V«i 9. Coniet Vn 10. 
Airedale. y« 11. Boston terrier. Vn 12, Bulldog. V* 13. Bloodhound. x/„ 14. Bun-terrier. y« 
15. Greyhound. V» 16. Dalmatian. Vm 17. Great Dane. V« 18. Setter. V« 10. Mastiff. »/« 
30. Pointer. V» 


make domestic; tame.— do-men "ttaatton, 
n — do'mes-tle'l-ty, 1 66 "mcs-tls'i-ti; 2d0 "- 
mes-tlc'1-ty, n. priEs*. j»J.l The state of 
being domestic. 

dom'l-cU, ) 1 dem'i-sil; 2 ddm'i-cfl. I. vt. 

doml-Clle,/ [-CILED, -cild»; -cil-inq.] To 
provide with a domlciL domT-ciH-atet. 
II. n. A home, house, or dwelling.— domf- 
dJT-a-ry. 1 dem'i-eil'i-d-n; 2 dom-fc-cll'i-a- 
ry, a. Pertaining to a private residence. 

doml-nate, 1 dem'i-net: 2 dom'i-nat, ". 
[-nat'ed* 1 ; -nat'into.] I. t. To control; 
govern; rule. TL i. To prevail; pre- 
dominate.— doml-nanee, n. Control; as- 
cendency, doml-nan-cy?.— doml-nant, 

1 dem'i-nant; 2 ddm'1-nant. 1. a. Ruling; 
governing; predominant. IL n. Mm. The 
llXth tone of a diatonic scale.— domT-na'- 
tton, ». Control; dominion. [son. 

do'ml-ne, l dO'mi-ni; 2 d0'mi-ne,4>. A par- 
dom"l-neer', 1 demVinV; 2 d6m"i-ner\ v. 

1. <. To dominate. II. *. To rule ar- 
rogantly or insolently: commonly fol- 
lowed by over.— domineering, pa. Over- 
bearing.— doml-neerfng-ly, adv. 

do-mlnl-cal, 1 do-min'i-kel ; 2 do-mXn'i-eal, 
a. Relating to Christ or to the Lord's day. 

domt-nle, 1 dem'i-ni; 2 dfim'i-ni, n. A 

do-mlnlon, 1 do-min'y»nj 2 do-mln'yom 
n. 1. Sovereign authority; rule; sway. 

2. A realm. 

doml-no, 1 dem'i-no; 2 dftm'i-no, n. 

tNOEa, 1 -nds; 2 -ndg, pi.] 1. A robe and 
ood, as worn at masquerades; also, the 
wearer. 2, pi. A game played with 
flat pieces marked like dice, each piece 
being also called a domino. 

don, 1 don; 2 don, vt. [donned, dond 8 ; 
don'ning.] . To put on, as a garment. 

don, n. 1. Sign or; sir. 2. A gentleman. 

do'nate, 1 do'nfit; 2 dd'nfit, vt. [do'nat- 
BD d ; do'nat-ing.] To bestow as a gift; 
contribute.— do-na'tton, n. The act of 
donating; a gift.— don'a-ttr(e», l den's-tlv; 
2ddn'a-tlv. 1. a. Belonging by deed of 
gift. II. n. A donation: gift. 

done, 1 dun; 2 ddn, pp. of do, v. 

donlcey, 1 den'ki or dun 1a; 2 dftn'ky or 
dunlcy, n. An ass. 

do'nor, 1 dd'ner; 2 dd'nor, n. A giver. 

doom, 1 dum; 2 doom. L vt. To consign 
to death or ruin; condemn. II. n. The 
act of dooming, or the state of being 
doomed; sad or evil destiny; condemna- 
tion; sentence.— dooms'day", ldums'de"; 

2 dO&ms'da', n. The day of final Judgment. 
door. 1 d5r; 2 ddr, n. An entrance, as to 

a house, or the hinged or sliding cover 
that closes it; passageway; 

[in which many 


Doric, 1 dor'ik; 2 doVie. I. a. 1. Re- 
lating to or characteristic of the district 
of Doris, in* ancient Greece. Doti-ani. 2. 
Of or pertaining to Doric architecture, a style 
marked by strength and simplicity. II* n. 
The Doric dialect. 

dor'mant, 1 dormant; 2 dor'mant, a. 
Being in a state of sleep; torpid; inac- 
tive; unused,— dor'man-cy, n. Torpidity; 

dor'mer, 1 doVmsr; 2 ddr'mSr, n. A 
vertical window rising from a sloping roof. 
dor'mer *wln"dow|. 

dor'ml-to-ry, 1 deVmi-to-n; 2 ddr'mi- 
to-ry, n. [-BIE8*, pi.] A| students' lodg- 
ing-house; any large room I 
persons sleep. 

dor'moose". 1 deV- 
maus"; 2 doVmous*, 
n. [dor'mice", 1 der'- 
mais";2d6r'mlc", pL] 
A small squirrel-like 

dor 'sal, 1 deVsel; 2 
ddr'sal, a. 1. Of, per- 
taining to, on, or near > 
the back. 2. Per- 
taining to the under 
surface, as of a leaf. 

do'ry, 1 d6'n; 2 dd'ry, . 
1* A sharp flat-bottomed rowboat, much 
used by fishermen. 
2. One of various 

dose, 1 d6s; 2 do's. , 
I,vt.&vi. [dosed 4 ; 
dos'inq.] To give 
or take in doses; 
take doses repeatedly. II. n. The quantity 
of medicine to be taken at one time. 

dost, 1 dust; 2 dost, 2d per. ting. pres. ind. of 
do, v. 

dot, 1 dot; 2 dftt. I. vt. & vt. [dot'ted*; 
dot'ting.J To mark with a dot or dots; 
make dots. II. n. A minute mark; 
speck; spot. 

do'tage, 1 do'tij; 2 dd'tag, n. Feebleness 
of mind, due to old age; senility.— do'tard, 
1 dotard; 2 d5'tard, n. One who is in his 

dote, 1 d5t; 2 d6t, vi. [dot'ed*; dot'ino,! 

1. To lavish fondness: with on or upon. 

2. To be in one's dotage, doati.— dotlng- 
ly, adv. [do, v. 

doth, 1 dufh; 2 doth, 3d per. sing, pres. ind. of 
double, )1 dubl; 2 dubl, v. [doub'led. 

dub1 p , JDUB'ld'JDOUB'lINO, DUB'LING*.! 

I. t. 1. To make or be twice as many or 
twice as great. 2. To fold together: with 
up, over, etc. 3. To repeat. 4. To pass, 

Dormouse. */« 
[do'ries>, pi.] 

Fisherman's Dory. 

1: • « final; l = habit; nisle; on = out; ell; lo = f«ud; 4hin; so; nosing; Chin, Oils. 
B: wolf, do; book, boot; foil, rule, core, bdt, bom; oil, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjjOOQ IC 



march, or sail round. II. i. 1. To be- 
come twice as great or many. £• To turn 
and go back on the same track. 

doub'le, a. 1. Being in paije; coupled. 
2. Twice as large, much, strong, heavy, 
or many. 8* Twofold: hence, ambigu- 
ous or deceitful.— donble*deal ff lng. I. a. 
Treacherous; deceitful. IL n. Treachery; 

double, n. 1. Something that is twice as 
much. 2. A fold or plait. 8* A person 
or thing that closely resembles another. 
4. A backward turn, as of a hunted fox; 
a trick. 

doublet, \1 dablet; 2 dublet, n. 1. One 

dublet p , J of a^>air of like things; loosely, 
a pair or couple. 2. A close-fitting outer 
body-garment (15th to 17th centuries). 

doub-Ioon%) ldub-lQn';2dfib-16bn',n. A 

dub-loon'*, /former Spanish gold coin 
worth about $8. 

doubt*, 1 1 daut; 2 dout, v. I» t. To hold 

dout", J as uncertain; distrust. II. i. To 
be in doubt.— doubt'er, n. One who doubts. 

doubt, n. 1. Lack of certain knowledge; 
uncertainty; indecision. 2. A question: 
perplexity; problem.— doubt'ful, doutTul", 
a. L Subject to doubt; uncertain; contin- 
gent. 2. Indistinct; vague. *. Question- 
able; dubious. -If, adv. -ness, n.— doubt'- 
less, doutless*. adv. Without doubt; un- 
questionably, -lyj. [present; bribe; tip. 

dou'ceur', 1 da'sdr*; 2 du'cur*. n. A small 

douche, 1 dQ4h ; 2 duch, n. A jet of water 
or vapor, or the instrument for adminis- 
tering it. 

dough, 1 dd; 2 d6, n. Moistened flour or 
meal, for cooking into bread, cake, etc.; 
any soft, pasty mass.— dough'nuf, n. A 
small cake of dough Med lnlard.— dough 'y, a. 

dough 'ty, 1 dau'ti: 2 dou'ty, a. Brave; 
valiant — dough' tl- 1 y, adv.— dough'tl- 
ness, n. 

douse, 1 daus; 2 dous, vt. [doused 1 ; 
doub'ing.J To plunge 
into a liquid; duck; 

dove, 11 duv; 2 ddv, 

duv p , Jn. A pigeon.— 
dove'* cot", d.acote, 
n. A house for tame 
pigeons. d.«housei. 


I. vt. To join by inter- 
locking. II. n. A 
manner of joining boards, timbers, etc., 
by interlocking wedge-shaped tenons and 
spaces; the joint so made. See illus. in 
next column. 


dow'a-cer, 1 dau'e-ier; 2 dowVger, n. 

[Eng.f A widow holding dower. 
dow'dy, 1 dou'di; 2 dowMy. La. [dow'- 

di-er; dow'di-est.] Ill-dressed, 

ill-fitting, and in bad taste; 

shabby, dow'dy-lsh*. IL n. 

A slatternly woman. ^ 

dow'el, 1 dau'el; 2 dow'el, n. 1 M* 

A pin or peg fitted into two ^V . 

adjacent pieces to fasten them Dovetailed 

together. joint. 

dow'er, 1 dau'er; 2 dow'er. ^ open . h% 

1. vt. To provide with a doted, 
dower; endow. IL n. A 
widow's life-portion (usually a third) ox 
her husband's lands and tenements; the 
sum of one's natural gifts; endowment. 

down 1 , 1 daun; 2 down, n. Fine soft 
plumag% hair, or fibers. 

down s , n. [Eng.] A flat-topped treeless 
hill; undulating tract of upland. 

down, adv. From a higher to or toward 
a lower place or position; downward to or 
on the ground; below- the horlson.— down'* 
east". 1 dounluist"; 2 down'east', o. Di- 
rected downward; dejected; depressed.— 
down'fall", n. A tailing or flowing down- 
ward; a fall; disgrace.— down'fall'eii, a. 
Fallen; ruined.— downTiearfed. a. De- 
jected: discouraged.— down'-hUl". I. a. 
Descending; sloping. IL adv. With a down- 
ward direction.— down'rlght". I. a. 1. 
Straight to the point: plain: outspoken; utter. 

2. Directed downward. II. adv. 1. Direct- 
ly downward, 2. Without doubt or quali- 
fication. S. In the extreme; utterly.— 
downtrod"den, a. Oppressed.— down- 
ward, 1 daun'werd; 2 down'ward. I. a. 
Descending; t*^Hing from a higher to a lower 
level. II. adv. 1. From a higher to a lower 
position, t. From that which Is more re- 
mote, as in place or time. S. Toward the 
extremities, down'wardii. 

down, 1 daun; 2 down, prep. In a de- 
scending direction along, upon, or within. 

down*?, 1 daun'i; 2 down'y, a. Of, per- 
taining to, like, or covered with down; 
soft; restful 

dow'ry, 1 dau'n; 2 dow'ry, n. [dow'- 
ries*. pi.] The property a wife brings to 
her husband in marriage; an endowment 
or gift. 

dox-ol 'o-gy. 1 deka-el'o-ji: 2 d6ks-ol'o-£y,n. 
[-gies 1 , pt.J An exultant hymn of praise. 

doze, ldds; 2d6s. I. vi. [dosed; doe'- 
inc.] To sleep lightly; drowse. IL n. 
A light sleep; a drowse.— dos'y, o. Drowsy: 

doi'en, \l dus'n; 2 d6s'n, n. Twelve 

dui'en*, / things of a kind, collectively. 

1 : artistic, oxt; fat, fftre; faat; get, prey ; bit, poU^ 

2: Si%ape,fa^fare,fas^wh»t l ^ll;me\g£t,prej,fern; hit,Ice;I=6;i=e;go,ndt,Ar,w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



drib 1 , 1 drab; 2 drab, n. A yellowish- 
gray color. 
drab 1 , n. A slattern; lewd woman. 
drab'ble, 11 drab'l; 2 drab'l, tt. [drab'- 

drab'l p t J BLED, OBAB / LD p ; DRAB'bLINQ.) 

To draggle. 

drachm, 1 dram; 2 dram, n. Same as dram. 

draft, \1 draft; 2 draft. I. vt. 1. To 

draught, /outline; sketch; delineate. 2. 
To conscript. II. n. 1. A ourrent of 
air. 2. The act of drinking; a drink. 
3* The depth to which a vessel sinks in 
the water. 4. The act of drawing; a 
haul; pull; drag. 6. A plan; sketch. 
ۥ A money-order; bill of exchange. 7. 
A military or naval conscription. 8* An 
exhausting demand. 

drafts 'man, ) 1 draftsman; 2 dra/ts'- 

draughts'man, Jman t n. [-men, pi.] One 
who draws or prepares plans, designs, etc. 

drag, 1 drag; 2 drag, v. [dragged; dragd"; 
drag'ging.] 1. t. 1. To pull along by 
main force; haul. 2. To search by drag- 
ging, as for a dead body; search carefully. 
EL. i. 1. To move slowly or heavily. 2. 
To dredge. 

drag* n. 1. The act of dragging, or that 
which drags or is dragged; a clog; 
brake. 2. A 
long, high, four- 
wheeled carriage. 

— drag* (net", n. 
A net to be drawn 
along the bottom „ ,.„„,. 
StoewSte?. Drag and Four. 

drag'gle,U drag*!; 2 drag% vt. & ri. 

dragl*, /rpRAo'oLBD, drag'ld*; drag'- 
glino.] To drag or trail on the ground 
so as to wet or soil; drabble; befoul. 

;'o-man, 1 drag'o-msn; 2 dr&g'o-man, 
... [-mans*, improperly -men, plA An in- 
terpreter or agent for travelers in the East. 

drag 'on, 1 drag'en: 2 dr&g'on, n. A 
fabulous, serpent-like, winged monster. 

— drag'on*fly", n. An Insect with slender 
body, four large wings, and enormous eyes. 
Called also darn1nff*needU and devil's darning* 

_ _ iM dre-gun'; 2 dra-gdon'. I. vt. 
To harass; coerce; browbeat. II. n. In 
. the British army, a cavalryman. 

drmlii t ldr€n;2draD,». I.f. 1. Todraw 
off, as a fluid; draw a fluid from. 2. To 
exhaust. II* i. To flow off or leak away 
gradually; become exhausted. 

drain, n. 1. The act of draining; continu- 
ous strain, leak, or outflow. 2. A pipe 
or trench for draining. 

drain 'age, 1 drSn'ij ; 2 dr&n'ag, n. The act 
or means of draining; that which is 
drained off; a system of drains. 

drake, 1 drSk: 2 drak, n. A male duck. 

dram, 1 dram; 2 dram, n. 1. In apothe- 
caries' weight, 60 grains; in avoirdupois 
weight, 27.34 grains. drachm£. 2. A 
drink of spirits. 

dra'ma, 1 dra'ms; 2 dra'ma, n. A com- 
position for the stage; a play; the theater; 

— dra-matflc, <*• Of or like the .drama; 
theatrical, dra-matl-cat*. — dra-matl- 
cal-Iy, adv.— dram'a-tlst, n. A dramatic 
author.— dram'a-Use or -Use, vt. [-tized; 
-tizIno.1 To set forth in dramatic form; 
relate or represent dramatically. 

drank, 1 drank; 2 drank, imp. of drink, q. 

drape, 1 drep; 2 drap, vt. & vi. [draped*; 
drafting.] To cover, as with hanging 
cloth; arrange, as drapery.— drap'er, n. A 
dealer in cloths.— drap'er-y, n. [-ies*. pi.) 

1. Loosely hanging attire: also, curtains, 
tapestry, etc. 2. The business of a draper, 
t. Cloth in general. 

dras'tlc, 1 dras'tik; 2 draVtic. La. Act- 
ing vigorously; effective. II. n. A strong 

draught. cUn. See draft. 

draughts, 1 drafts; 2 drafts, n. pi. Check- 
ers.— draughtsman, n. A piece used in the 
game of checkers; a draftsman. 

draw, 1 dre; 2 dra, v. [drew, 1 dru, 2 dru: 
drawn; draw'ing.J I. t. 1. To pull; 
haul; lead; attract. * 2* To pull out; ex- 
tract; call forth; obtain. 3. To draft: 
commonly with up. 4. To sketch; por- 
tray. 6. To require the depth of (so 
much water), as a vessel. II. *. 1. To 
have attractive influence; be attractive. 

2. To have a free draft, as a stove or 
chimney. S. To move as if drawn; as, to 
draw away. 4. To obtain money, etc., 
on application. 6. To delineate, as with 
a pencil; practise drawing. 6. To un- 
sheathe a sword.— draw'baek*, n. 1. 
A disadvantage. 2. A rebate.— draw'- 
brldge", n. A bridge of which the whole or 
a part may be drawn up or aside.— draw-ee% 
1 dre-r*; 2 dra-€', n. The one upon whom an 
order for money Is drawn.— draw'er, n. 1. 
One who draws; formerly, a waiter. 2. A 
sliding receptacle, as In a bureau, table, etc. 

— draw'ers, n. pi. A trouser-Uke under- 
garment.— drawing, n. 1. The act of one 
who draws. 2. A picture, sketch, or design; 
also, the art of representing objects by lines; 

draw, n. 1. An act of drawing. 2. A tie, 
as in a game. J. The movable section 
of a drawbridge. 

flraw'IngTQom", 1 dre'in-rum"; 2 dra'ing* 

1: • a final; l a habit; aisle; on = out; ell; In = feud; 4hin; go; n =" Blng; Chin, this. 
t: woltdfl; bdok, bdftt: full, rule, core, but, burn; 611, bdjr; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQLC 


room", n. A room for the reception of 
company; also, the company assembled. 

drawl,ldrel;2draj. I.vL&vi. To speak 
slowly and lasily. II. n. Spiritless utter- 

dray, 1 dr6; 2 
drft. n. A 
heavy, low 

tar age", - 1 Tw<wheeled Dray. 
drCij; 2 dra'afca. 1. The act of convey- 
ing in a dray, s. The charge for draying. 

dread, 11 dred; 2 dred. !<*» vL To an- 

dred*, j ticipate fearfully. II. a. 1. Caus- 
ing great fear; terrible. 2. Exciting awe 
or reverence. Ill* n. 1. Shrinking hor- 
ror; terrifying anticipation. 2. Fear with 
respect; awe. SO* That which causes 
awe or fear.— dread' ful, a. Inspiring 
dread; terrible; awful— dread'taMy, adv.— 
dreadful-Bess, a. 

dream* 1 drtm; 2 drSm. 1* vt. & w. 
[dreamed or dreamt, 1 dremt, 2 drSmt, 
dremt*; dreading,] To have a vision of 
while sleeping; have a dream or dreams; 
fancy; hope; imagine; meditate. II* n. 
A train of thoughts or images passing 
through the mind in sleep; also, a vision- 
ary Idea or anticipation — dream'er, n. 
One who dreams; a visionary.— dream'- 
fol, c— dreaml-ly, adv.— In a dreamy 
manner.— dreaml-ness, n.— dreamless, a. 
dream'y, 1 drim'r, 2 drem'y, a. Of, per- 
taining to, or given to dreams. 

drear, ldrlr; 2drer,a. [Poet J Dreary. 

drear 7 ?, 1 coti; 2 drem'y, a. [drear'i-br; 
dbrab'i-bst.] Forlorn; lonely; gloomy. 
— drearl-ly, adv .— drearl-aess, a. 

dredge 1 , 1 drej; 2 drSdg. I. vL & w. 
[dredged, drbogd*; dredq'inq.] To clean 
out by a dredge; remove by a dredge; use 
a dredge. U. n. An appliance for bring- 
ing up mud, silt, etc., from under water. 

dredge'. I. vt. To sprinkle flour or the 
hkeupon:-» II. n. A box with perforated 
Ud, for dredging meat, dredgfng«boi"i. 

dredg'eri, i drej'ar; 2 dredg'er, a. One who 
dredges; a boat or machine for dredging. 

dredg'er*, n. In cookery, a dredging»bcx. 

dregs, 1 dregs; 2 dregs, n. pi. Sediment; 
lees; refuse.— dreg/gi-ness, n.— dres/gtsh, 
a.— dreg'gy, a. Containing dregs; foul. 

drench*, 1 drendr, 2 drench, vt. To wet 
thoroughly; soak; give a notion to. 

drench, n. A large draft of fluid; a liquid 

dress* 1 dree; 2 dree. I.rt.An. {dressed* 
or drrst; dress'ing.] To clothe; array; 
adorn; arrange; adjust; cleanse and bind 


up, as a wound; prepare. II. n. 1* 
Clothes collectively; elegant attire. 2. A 
gown of a woman or child.- dress'eri, a. 
One who or that which dresses.— dress'er% 
n. A kitchen table with shelves; a cup- 
board; sideboard.— dress'ing, n. The act 
of dressing, or that with which anything, as 
a wound, is dressed.— dreas'mak'er, n. One 
who makes dresses for women or children.— 
dress'mak'lng, n.— dress'y, a. (Colloq.) 
Fond of dress; showy; elegant. 

drew. 1 drfl; 2 dru. imp. of draw, o. 

drib'ble,|l drib'l; 2 drib'l. I. vL & vi. 

drib'l*, /[drib'bled, dbib'ld*; drib'- 
bung.] To drip; give out by piecemeal. 
II. a. Liquid falling in drops.— driblet, a. 
A scanty portion, drlb'blet*. 

dried, 1 droid; 2 drld. Imp. & pp. of dry, t. 

dri'er, 1 droi'ar; 2 drfer, n. One who or 
that which dries, dry'ert. 

dri'er. drl'est, compar. & superl. of dry, a. 

drift*;! drift; 2 drift, vt.&vi. To carry or 
be carried along, as on a current; accumu- 
late by force of wind, as snow. 

drift, n. 1. Something driven onward or 
piled up by a current. 2. A course; ten- 
dency. 3. A driving; an urgent force. 

drill, T 1 dril; 2 drfl, vt. & vi. 1. To bore, 

drll p ,Jas with a drill. 2. To train, as 
soldiers. 8. To plant in drills. 

drill, n. 1. A boring-tool for metal. 2. 
A machine for planting seeds in rows; a 
row so planted. J. Military training. 

drilling, 1 dril'in; 2 dril'ing, n. A firm 
twilled fabric of linen or cotton. 

drily, adv. Same as dryw. 

drink, l a drink; 2 drink, vt. Ac vi. [imp, 
drank, 1 drank, 2 drank (formerly 
drunk, 1 drunk, 2 drank); pp. drunk 
(formerly drunk'bn); drink'ing.] To 

swallow, as a liquid; absorb; receive 
eagerly.— drlnk's-M(e>». L a. Capable 
of use as a drink. 11. a. A beverage.— 
drlnk'er, a. 

drink, *. Any liquid that is or may be 
swallowed; a Deverage; a draft. 

drip, 1 drip; 2 drip. I*, vt . & vi. To fall, 
or let fall, in drops. H. n. A falling, or 
letting fall, in drops.— drlp'ping, a. That 
which falls In drops; the fat from roasting 

drive, 1 droiv; 2 drlv, v. [drove, 1 drdv, 2 
drdv; drtv'bn, i driv'n, 2 driv'n; driv/- 
ing.] I. t. 1. To urge forward forcibly; 
impel; prosecute urgently, as a business. 
2. To convey in a carriage. II. i. 1. To 
be impelled forcibly onward; press for- 
ward furiously; aim a blow; direct one's 
action. 2. To ride in a carriage, or direct 
the animal or animals by which it is 


S* »rt,ape4»^fare t fast 1 what^aU;iJie^get,pi^,fern; hft,lce;I=e;i=S;g6 t ndt,dr t wda. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


drawn.— drtv'er, n. One who or that which 
drives; a coachman; driving-wheel.— driv'- 
lng< wheel", n. A wheel Imparting motion 
to other wheels. 

drive, n. 1. The act of driving. 2. A 
road for driving. drive 'way"$. 3. A 
trip in a carriage. 4. Urgent pressure, 
as of business. 

driv'ei, ldriv'l;2drlv'l. I.ri. [driv'eled 
or drtv'elled, drtv'eld 8 ; driv'el-ing or 
drivel-ling.] To let spittle flow from 
the mouth; be weak or silly. II. n. 1. 
An involuntary flow of saliva from the 
mouth. 2. Senseless, empty talk.— drl v ' el - 
er, n. drlv'el-ler*. 

drlv'S?* } * drlv/n *' 2 drtVn, PP. of drive, «. 
drizzle, )1 driz'l; 2 drfz'l. I. rf. A w. 

drix'l p , JDRIZ'ZLED, DRIZ'LD*; DRIZ'- 

f Unq.] To shed or fall in fine drops. H. ». 
a light rain.— diis'sly. a. 

droll, 1 dr5l; 2 dr51, a. Odd; comical; 
funny.— droll'er-y, n. I -ie&, pi.] Waggish- 
ness: facetiousness; humor; oddity.— drolT- 
Ing-ly, adv. 

drom'e-da-ry, 1 drum'i-d§-ri; 2 drum'e- 
da-ry, n. [-ries», 
pi.] A fleet, ele- 
gant, one-humped 

drone 1 , 1 drdn; 2 
drdn. I. vt. & m*. 
[droned; dron'- 
ing.] To hum. 
II. n. 1. A dull, 
monotonous hum- 
ming. %> One of 
the three long 
tubes of the bag- 
pipe, each of which 
produces a fixed 
note operating as 
a sustained bass, 
or its sound; a bass of one note running 
through a piece. 

drone 1 .. I. vt. To idle. II. n. A male 
bee, that gathers no honey; an idler. 

droop, 1 drttp; 2 droop. IK vt. & vi. To 
allow to hang listlessly; bend downward; 
sink as from weakness; despond; decline. 
IL n. A sinking or hanging down. 

drop, 1 drop; 2 drop. I.vL&vi. [dropped* 
or dropt; dropping.] 1. To fall, or let 
tall, in drops. 2. To fall, or let fall, in 
any way; grve up; dismiss; subside; sink. 
II. n. 1. A globule of liquid; anything 
hanging down; a pendant. 2. A fall; 

drop's?, 1 drep'si; 2 drop'sy, n. An ab- 
normal accumulation of liquid in some 


part of the body.— drop'st-cal, a. Of, like, 
or affected with dropsy. 
droshlqr, 1 1 dresVki, dres'ki; 2 droshTty, 
dros'ky, /dros'ky, n. A light open Rus- 
sian carnage; also, a cab. 
dross, 1 dres; 2 drds, n. Impurity in melt- 
ed metal; slag; cinders; refuse. 
drought, )1 draut, drouth; 2 drout, 
drouth, J drouth, n. Long-continued dry 
weather; want of rain; dearth; thirst. 

— drought'y, drouth'y, l draut'i, drauCh'i; 
2drout / y, drouth'y, a. Marked by or suf- 
fering from drought or thirst; thirsty.— 
drougbfl-ness, drouthl-ness, n. 

drove, imp. of drive, v. 
drove, 1 drdv; 2 drov, n. A number of 
animals driven or herded for driving. 

— dro'ver, n. One who drives animals to 

drown, 1 draun; 2 drown, v. I. t. To 
kill by immersion, as in water; deluge; 
overwhelm. U. i. To die by suffocation 
in liquid. 

drowse, 1 drauz; 2 drows. I. vt. & vi. 
[drowsed; drows'ing.] To dose; be list- 
less. II. n. A dose.— drow'sy, a. [drowsi- 
er; drow'si-est.J Heavy with sleepiness; 
dull.— drow'sl-ly, adv.— drow'sl-ness, ». 

drub, 1 drub; 2 drub, l.vt.&vi. [drubbed; 
drubd 8 ; dbub'bing.] To beat; thrash. 
IL n. A blow; thump.— drafting, a. A 

drudge, ldruj; 2 drtidg. I. vu [drudged; 
drudg'ing.] To toil without spirit; work 
hard at mean or slavish tasks. II. n. 
One who toils at menial tasks.— drudg'ef -y. 
• Dull, wearisome, or menial 

n. [- 

t». J*.\ 

drug, 1 drug; 2 drug. I.vt.&vi. [drugged, 
drugd"j drug'oinq.] To mix drugs with, 
or administer drugs to; stupefy; also, to 
take drugs. II. n. 1. Any substance 
used medicinally. 2. An unsalable com- 
modity.— drug/gist, n. A dealer in drugs: 
an apothecary. 

ditig'get»ldxug / et;2drug , 8t, n. A coarse 
woolen fabric for rugs and the like. 

dru'&d, 1 dru/id; 2 dry'id, n. A priest of 
ancient Gaul and Britain.— dru-ldl-cal, o. 
Of or pertaining to the druids. dra-Id'ict. 

drum, 1 drum; 2 drain. I. vt. & vi. 
[drummed, drumd 8 ; drum'ming.] To play 
on a drum; beat a drum. II. n. 1. A 
hollow cylinder, the ends of which are cov- 
ered with skin, to be beaten with drum- 
sticks. 2. A cylindrical organ, as the tym- 
panum, or middle ear.— drum'mer, n. 1. 
One who drams. 2. fU. S.] A traveling 
salesman.— drum/stick", n. A stick -for 
beating a drum. [formerly imp. 

1 drunk; 2 drink, pp. of drink, t.: 

1: a = final; l = habit; aisle; trasout; oil; lu = feud: 4hin; go; rj=si*#; turn, ttris, 
«: wolf, do.; book, boot; full, rule, ■cure but, burn; oil, boy; go, gem; iyk; tlsin, tWs. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


drunk, a. Inebriated; intoxicated.— 
drunk'ard, n. One who habitually drinks to 
intoxication; a sot.— drunk'en, a. Given to 
or characterised by drunkenness; drunk; 
tipsy, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dry, 1 drai; 2 drt I. vt. & vi. [dried; dry'- 
ino.] To make or become dry; evapo- 
rate: wither: often followed by up. II. a. 
[driver; dri'bst.] 1. Lacking moisture; 
not fresh; not green. 38. Thirsty. 3. 
Lacking interest; lifeless; dull. 4. Slyly 
Jocose or satirical.— dryly, adv. drily*.— 
dry'ness, n. [A wood-nymph. 

dry'ad, 1 drai'ad; 2 drfad, n. Gr. Myth. 

dry'er, dry'est, n. Same as drier, driest. 

drying, 1 dral'in; 2 drTing, ppr. A verbal n. 
of dry, v. 

du'al, 1 diu'el; 2 du'al, a. Denoting or 
relating to two; twofold.— du"al-ls'tlc, a.— 
du-all-ty, n. The state of being two or of 
being composed of two. 

dub, 1 dub; 2 dub, vt, [dubbed, dubd 8 ; 
dub'bing.] To confer knighthood upon; 
name; entitle. 

du'M-ous, 1 diu'bi-us; 2 du'bi-us, a. 
Doubting; doubtful; problematic; ques- 
tionable; ambiguous, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

du'cal, 1 diQ'kel; 2 dQ'eal. o. Of or per- 
taining to a duke or a duchy. 

due 'at, 1 duk'et; 2 duVat, n. One of 
several European coins, ranging in value 
from about 83 cents to $2.25. 

duch'ess, 1 ducVes: 2 duch'Ss, n. The 
wife or widow of a duke. 

duch'y, 1 dudh'i; 2 duch'y, n. [duch'ies", 
pi.] The territory or dominion of a duke. 

duck*. 1 duk; 2 duk, vt'. & vi. To plunge 
suddenly under water; dive; bob; dodge; 
cringe.— ducking, n. A sudden immersion; 

duck 1 , n. A web-footed, short-legged wa- 
ter-fowl.— duckling, n. A young duck. 

duck 3 , n. A strong linen or cotton fabric. 

duct, 1 dukt; 2 duet, n. A tube for con- 
veying fluid. 

ductile, U duk'til; 2 duc'til, a. Capable 

due 'til*, ) of being drawn out, as into wire; 
easily led; tractable; pliant.— duc-tfll-ty, 
n. The state or degree of being ductile. 
duc'til (e-nessB*. 

dud, 1 dud; 2 dud, n. [Colloq.] An article 
of clothing; a rag; any personal belong- 
ing: commonly in the plural, duds. 

dude, 1 diud; 2 dud, n. One excessively 
fastidious in dress, manners, speech, or 
the like; an exquisite. [displeasure. 

dudg'eon, 1 duj'en; 2 dttdg'on, n. Sullen 

duds, n. pi. See dud. 

due, 1 did; 2 du. I. a. 1, Owing and 
demandable; owed; proper; appropriate; 


fairly to be ascribed. 2. Scheduled to 
arrive, as a train. II. n. A debt, or 
obligation. III. adv. Directly; exactly; 
as, due east. 

du'el, 1 diQ'el; 2 du'el, n. A prearranged 
combat between two persons.— du'el-lng, 
n. The fighting of duels, du'd-llngt.— 
du'el-lst, n. du'el-IIst*. 

du-en'um, 1 diu-en's; 2 dQ-en'a, n. An 
elderly woman who watches over a young 

du-et', 1 diQ-et'; 2 du-8t', n. A composition 
for two voices, performers, or instruments. 

dug, 1 dug; 2 dag, imp. & pp. of dig, v. 

dug, n. A teat or udder. 

duke, 1 diuk; 2 duk, n. 1. A nobleman of 
the highest rank. 2. A reigning prince 
inferior to a king.— duke'dom, n. 1. A 
duchy. 2. The dignity or title of a duke. 

dul'cet, 1 dul'set; 2 dul'cet, o. Sweet; 
harmonious. • 

dul'cl-mer, 1 dul'si-mer; 2 dul'ci-mer, n. 
1. A stringed instrument played with 
two padded hammers. 2. An ancient 

dul-dn'e-a, 1 dul-sin'i-e; 2 dul-chVe-a, n. A 
sweetheart: from Dulclnea del Toboso, the 
lady-love of the hero in Cervantes's novel 
Don Quixote. 

dull, \ 1 dul ; 2 dtU. I. vt. & vi. To make or 

dul p , J become dull. II. a. Not sharp, 
keen, bright, or acute: blunt; sluggish; 
wearisome; sad; dismal; obscure; cum.— 
dull'ard, 1 dul'ard; 2 dul'ard, n. A dull or 
stupid person; a dolt.— dully, adv.— dul'- 
ness, n. dull'nesst. 

duly, 1 diu'h; 2 du'ly, adv. In accordance 
with what is due; fitly; becomingly; 

dumb, li dum; 2 dum, a. Lacking the 
dum>, /power of s 
-dumb'theH", n. 

wer of speech; mute; silent. 
beH", n. A gymnastic Imple- 
ment consisting of a 

handle with a ball at 

each end.— dumbly, 

adv.— dumb ' ness, n. i 

— d. -waiter, n. 1. A^ 

movable framework for 

carrying things from 

one room or floor to Dumb-bells. 

another. 2. [Eng.l An adjustable stand for 

holding dishes. 
dum'my, 1 dum'i; 2 duro'y. I. a. Sham; 

counterfeit. II. n. (dum'mies*. pi.] A silent 

person or actor; something made to represent 

temporarily something else; r steam-motor 

dump, 1 dump; 2 dump. I*, vt. & vi. To 

unload or remove in mass. II. n. (U. 

S.] A dumping-ground; also, that which 

is dumped. 

1: artistic, art; f»t, fire ;fn^; get, prty; hit, police ;oDey,g«;net,Or;fuU,iUle; but, born. 
8: Jut,ape,fa4*fftre,f*st,wh»t,ftU; m*,g«t,prgy, fern; hit, Ice; 1=8; i=e; ga,ndt,ar, wdn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


dumpling, 1 dump'hrj; 2 dumpling, n. 

A dessert, as of fruit enclosed in pastry 

and boiled or baked. 
dumps, 1 dumps; 2 dumps, n. pi. A 

Sloomy state of mind; melancholy.— 
umposh, a. Dull and inactive; low* 

dump'y, 1 dump'i; 2 dump'y. <*• Short 

ana thick; stocky. 
dun, 1 dun; 2 dun, vt. & vi. [dunned, 

dund«; dun'ning.] To press for payment; 

make a din; clamor, 
dun, a. Of a dull, dark-brown color. 
dun, n. One who duns; a demand for pay- 
dunce, 1 duns; 2 dime, n. A stupid or 

ignorant person. 
dune, 1 diun; 2 dun, n. A hill of loose 

sand; a down. 
dung, 1 dun; 2 dung, n. Animal excre- 
dun'geon. 1 dun'ien; 2 dun'gon, n. A 

dark underground cell; any prison. 
dunfftrfB", I dun'hil"; 2 dung / h*T. I. a. 

From or of the dunghill; ignoble. II. n. 
. A heap of manure. 
du'o, l dhYo; 2 du'o, n. Mm. A duet. 
du"o-dec'l-mal, 1 diu'o-des'i-mal; 2 du'- 

o-dSc'i-mal, a. Denoting a system of 

reckoning by twelves. 
du"o-dec1-mal, n. 1. One of the numbers 

used In duodecimal reckoning. 8. A method 

of using the duodecimal system 
du"o-dec'i-mo, 1 dhVc-des'i-m6; ie, du'o- 

deYi-m5, n. 1. A book-page of about 

4 1 /* by 7 l /« inches; a book having such 

pages: often written 12mo. 2. Mus. 

An interval of a twelfth. 
dupe, 1 diQp; 2 dup. I. vt. [duped*; dup'- 

ing.] To impose upon. II. n. One mis- 
led through credulity. 
du 'plex, ldiu'plcks ; 2 du'pleks, a. Having 

two parts; twofold; also, working in two 

ways or directions. 
du'pll-cate. l ditt'ph-k6t; 2 du'pii-eat. I. 

vt. *. vi. [-CAT*BD d ; -cat'inq.] To make 

a duplicate of; reproduce: copy; repeat. 

II. 1 diu'ph-kit; 2 du'pli-cat : a. %. 

Made or done exactly like an original. 2. 

Growing in pairs; double. III. n. 

Originally one of two, now one of any 

number of objects exactly alike* an exact 

copy; a reproduction.— dn'pli-ca'tlon, n. 

The act of duplicating, or the state of being 

du-pliCl-ty, 1 diu-plisVti; 2 du-puVi-ty, 

n. [-ties*, pi.] Tricky deceitfulness; 

du'ra-ble,\ldiu're-bl; 2du'ra-bl,a. Able 
du'ra-bl r , /to continue long unchanged; 


lasting- du"ra-MJ1-ty, n. du'ra-bl(e- 
ness| p .— dor'a-bly, adv. 

dur'ance, 1 diur'ens; 2 dur'anc, n. Per- 
sonal restraint; imprisonment. 

du-ra'tlon, 1 diu-rS'slien; 2 du-ra'shon, n. 
The period during which anything lasts; 

du'ress, 1 did'res or diu-res'; 2 du'res or 
du-res', n. Constraint; compulsion; im- 
prisonment. du-resse'J. 

dur'ing, 1 dhlr'in; 2 dur'ing, prep. In or 
within the time of. 

durst, 1 durst; 2 durst, imp. of dare, «. 

dusk, 1 dusk; 2 dusk, n. 1. A state be- 
tween darkness and light; twilight. 2. 
Swarthiness; shadowless.— duskl-ly, adv. 
— duskl-ness, n. Moderate darkness.— 
dnsk'y, a. [dusk'i-er; dubk/i-est.1 Some- 
what dark; dim; obscure; swarthy, dusk* 

dust, 1 dust; 2 dust. I d . vt. To free from 
dust; sprinkle with dust; reduce to dust. 
II. n. 1. Any substance, as earth, re- 
duced to powder. 2. A dead body; re- 
mains; the grave. 3. [Eng.] Ashes and 
household sweepings.— dust'y, a. [dust'i-er; 
dust'i-est.] 1. Covered with or as with dust. 
t. Of the color of dust. 

Dutch, 1 du<5h; 2 duch, n. 1. The people 
of Holland, or their language. 2. Loosely, 
the German race or language.— Dutcb/man, 
1 dutfh'mon; 2 duch'man, ». [Dutch'men, 
pi.] A Hollander. 

du'ty, 1 diu'ti; 2 du'ty, n. [du'tibs», pi] 

1. That which is due; moral obligation. 

2. An impost, as upon imports. 3H. A 
formal expression of respect.— du'tc-ous, a. 
Rendering due respect and obedience; duti- 
ful. -If* adv. -ness, n.— du'd-a-b!(e p , o. 
Law. Subject to Impost.— du'tl-ful, a. Per- 
forming the duties of one's position; sub- 
missive; respectful, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

dwarf, 1 dwerf; 2 dwarf. I*, vt. 1. To 
stunt. 3. To cause to look small by 
comparison. II. a. Smaller than others 
of its kind; diminutive. III. n. A per- 
son, animal, or plant that is unnaturally 
small.- dwarfish, a. -ness, n. 

dwell, \1 dwel; 2 dwffl, vi. [dwelt or 


1. To have a fixed abode; reside. 2. To 
linger; pause; expatiate: with on or upon. 

— dwell'er, n. A resident: inhabitant. 

— dwelling, n. A residence; family 

d win 'die, ) 1 dwin'dl; 2 dwin'dl, vi. [dwin'- 
dwln'dI p ,/DL(E)D'; dwin'dling.) To 

waste; diminish; become less; decline. 
dye, 1 dai; 2 dL I. vt. & vi. [dyed; dye'- 

ing.J To color; stain; tinge; take a color. 

1: • » final; i = habit; olsle; on = out; elfc W = f«td; eliin; tjo; v = sing; Chin, this. 
t: wolf,dfl; bd&k, bdfct; full, rule, cure* but, burn; 611, My; to, fern; ink; thin. this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


II. n. A fluid coloring-matter; a color 
produced by or as by dyeing; hue.— dye** 
heme*, a. A building where dyeing is done. 

— dyeing* a. The act, process, or trade of 
fixing colors In cloth or the like.— dy'er, a. 
One who dyes.— dye'stuff", n. Any ma- 
terial used for dyeing. 

Jy'lng. 1 doi'iq; 2 dl'ing, ppr. of die & pa. 
Expiring; failing; mortal; perishable; per- 
fining to death or the tune of approach- 
ing death. 

dyke, n. Same as diks. 

dy-namfe, ) 1 dai-nam'ik, -i-kel: 2 dl- 

dy-nam'1-cal, /nam'ie, -i-eal, a. 1. Per- 
taining to mechanical force or its effects. 
%, Producing action; efficient; causal. 

— dy-naml-cal-ly, adv.— dy-namles, n. 
The branch of science that treats of the laws 
of force. 

dy'na-mlte, 1 dai'na-mait; 2 dl'na-mlt, n. 

An explosive composed of an absorbent 

saturated with nitroglycerin. 
dy'na-mo, 1 doi'ne-mo; 2 dfna-mo, n. 


Elec. A machine for producing electricity 
by mechanical action.— dy'na-mo •e-lec'- 
trlc-trl-cal, a. Pertaining to the conver- 
sion of mechanical into electrical energy, or 
the reverse. 

dy"na-mom'e-ter, 1 dai'n&-mem'i-ter; 2 
dTna-mom'e-ter, n. An instrument for 
measuring force exerted or power ex- 
pended In doing work.— dy "na-mo-metf- 
rtc-ri-cal, a. 

dy'nas-ty, 1 dai'nes-ti; 2 dl'nas-ty, n. 
[•tibs*. pi.] A succession of sovereigns 
in one family.^ dy-nas'tte, -tl-cal, a. 

dys'en-ter-y, 1 dis'en-ter-i; 2 dys'en-ter-y, 
n. Inflammation of the large intestine; 
diarrhea.— dyft'en-terlc, a. Pertaining to 
or suffering from dysentery, dys'NsB-ter'- 

dys-pep'sl-a, 1 dis-pep'si-s; 2 d£s-p?p'si-a, 
n. Difficult and painful digestion, generally 
chronic— dys-pep'tle. I. a. Relating to, 
of the nature of, or suffering from dyspepsia' 
tending to produce dyspepsia, dys-pepti- 
call. II. a. A dyspeptic person. 


E, e, 1 1; 2 §, n, [raa, E's, or Eb, 1 Is; 2 6& 
pi.] Fifth letter in the English alphabet. 

a*» prefix. Out of; out; from: a shortened form 
of ex- used before consonants. 

each, 1 Icn ; 2 eon. I. a. Being one of two 
or more; every. II. pron. Every one 
individually; each one. 

ea'ger, 1 I'ger; 2 S'ger, 
a. Impatiently anxious 
for something; intent; 
vehement. -ly, adv. 
•ness, n. 

ea'gJe,U I'gl; 2 §'ftl, n. 

ea'g1 p , j 1. A very large 
diurnal bird of prey. 
2. A gold coin of the 
United States, value 
$10. 8. A Roman stand- 
ard bearing the image 
of an eagle.— ea*g*et, a. 
A young eagle. 

ear 1 , 1 Ir; 2 er, n, 1. The organ or sense of 
hearing; attention; heed. %• Any pro- 
jecting piece, handle, etc.— ear* •dram*, n. 
A thin membrane stretched across a passage 
of the ear.— ear Hess, a. Destitute or de- 

S1ved of ears.— ear 'mark", a. A mark of 
ratification, as on an animal's ear.— ear'- 
rtng", a. A pendant worn at the ear.— 
earwig", n. An insect with horny wing, 
covers and a caudal forceps. 

Head and Talon 
of an Eagle. 

ear*, n. A head, as of wheat; spike of 

earl, 11 utI; 2 Sri, n. A member of the 

erl p , /British nobility next above a vis- 
count.— earl'dom, n. The dignity, prerog- 
ative, or territory of an earl. 

early, 11 oVh; 2 eVly. I. a. [eak'li-er; 

,er1y p , / ear'li-est.] Occurring among the 
first in a series or sooner than is usual, 
soon to occur. II. adv. At or near the 
beginning of a period of time.- earlf-ness, a. 

earn, )1 urn; 2 Srn, vt. To gain as a 

era*, /recompense for labor; merit.— 
earning, n. That which is earned; com- 
pensation; wages, commonly in the plural. 

ear'nest,ll oVnest; 2 fir'nest, a. U 

er'nest p , / Zealous; fervent. 2. Serious; 
Important, -ly, adv. -ness, a. 

ear'nest 1 , n. Seriousness; reality. 

earnest 1 , n. Money paid in advance to 
bind a bargain; an assurance of something 
to come. 

earth, )1 urfli; 2 firth, n. The globe on 

erth*, /which we dwell; the world; ground; 
land; soft— earth 'en, 1 Orfh'n; 3 erth'n, 
a. Made of earth or of burnt clay.— 
earth 'en- ware ", a. Pottery.— earthl- 

The quality of being earthy or like 
earth.— earthll-ness, n. The quality of 
being earthly; grossness; worldliness.— 
earthly, 1 OrCh'h; 2 erth'ly, a. Pertaining 


Digitized by VjOOQ.lC 


to the earth or to the present world: material; 
worldly — earth/quake"* n. A vibration of a 
portion of the earth's crust — earth' worm", 
n. A burrowing terrestrial worm.— earth'y, 
o. 1. Of or pertaining to earth or soil; made 
of earth. 2. like earth. 3. Unrefined; 

j 1 Is; 2 S§. I. vt. [eased; eas'xnq.] 
To give ease; relieve; lighten. II. n. > 1* 
Freedom from disturbance; tranquillity; 
comfort. 2. Freedom from strain or oon- 
straint; facility; naturalness. 

ea'sel, 1 I'll; 2 C'sU w. A folding frame for 
supporting a picture. 

case 'men t, 1 Iz'ment or -ment; 2 Ss/ment, 
n. 1. Law. A right distinct from owner- 
ship of the soil, as to running water or 
free air. 2. That which gives ease or 
relief. [manner. 

easl-ly, 1 Is'i-li; 2 e^i-Iy, adv. In an easy 

east-Bess, 1 Ia'i-nes; 2 e*s/i-nes, n. The 
state of being easy or at ease. 

east, 1 1st; 2 est. I. a. Being at the east; 
coming from the east. II* n. 1. That 
point of the compass at which the sun 
rises at the equinox. 2. Any region to 
the eastward; [E-] the Orient. III. adv. 
In an easterly direction.— easfer-ly, o. 1. 
Situated, moving or directed, toward the east ; 
eastward. 2. Coming from the east.— east' - 
er-ly, east'era-ly, adv. Toward the east.— 
east'ern, a. 1. [E-J Of, pertaining to, or 
being in the East; Oriental. 2. Moving to or 
from the east; easterly.— eastward. I. a. 
Running in an easterly direction. II. adv. 
Toward the east. 

East"'In'dl-an, l tetMn'di-en; 2 est "-In'di-an. 

I. a. Of or pertaining to the East Indies, a 
vague general name formerly much used for 
India, Indo-China, and Malay Archipelago. 

II. a. A native or resident of the East Indies. 
Bast'er, 1 Ist'er; 2 est'er, n. A Christian 

festival commemorating the resurrection 
of Christ. 

eaa'y. 1 rs'i; 2 og'y ( a. [eab'i-eb; baVi- 
est.] t* Marked by ea*e; free from 
d itfieii 1 1 y , discomfort or affee tali on ; com- 
fortable; natural; unconstrained. 2. 
Vic If ling; indulgent. 3. Clentie. 

tat, 1 It; 2 flt, s. [ate or eat. I et, 2 «t; 
BAt'eCn)*, 1 It'n. 2 et'n (sometiine8B.1T, 1 
et, 2 et); &*r'r»G l l I* L U To chew 
and as food, 2* To consume or 
CotTTxfcu II. i. 1. To tako sustenance; 
feed. 3. To eh aw: penetrate; corrode. 
— eat'a-hl{c p t I Tl'a-bl; 2 eVa-M. I. a. Fit 
to bo eaten: edible- II. n. Something edi- 
ble— eal'er, n. 

eaves, 1 iva; 2 evs. a. pL The projecting 
edfeofarooi.-eareii'drap^, im'drep'; 2 
evVtlrtp*. n. & rf. To overhear; Listen dan- 


destlnely.— eaves 'drop "per, a.— eaves'* 
dropping, a. 

ebb, T 1 eb; 2 fib. I. w. To recede, as the 

eb*,Jtide; decline; fail. II. n. 1. The 
reflux of tide-water to the ocean. ebb> 
tide"*. 2. Decrease; decline. ; 

eb'on, 1 eb'en: 2 Sb'on. I* o. Of ebony 
very black. II. n. Ebony.— eb'on-lte, at- 
Black vulcanite, or hard rubber.— eb'op-lse 
or -ise, of. To polish in imitation of ebony. 

eb'o-ny, 1 eb'o-m; 2 fib'o-ny, n. [-nibs*, 
pL] A hard, heavy wood, usually black. 

eb J "«I-U'tton,leb"u-lisli / 8n; 2eb"u-Hsh'on, 
n. The bubbling of a liquid; boiling; vio- 
lent agitation. 

ec- t prefix. From; out of: used before many 
words beginning with a consonant; as, eccen- 

ec-een'tric, 1 ek-sen'tnk; 2 eo-cen'tric. 

1. a. 1* Peculiar; erratic. 2. Not in 
the center; not having the same cen- 
ter; not circular. II. ». 1. Meeh. A disk 
mounted out of center on a driving-shaft 
so as to have the effect of a crank motion. 

2. One who or that which is eccentric. 
ec-cen'tri-calt.— ec-eentri-cal-ly, ads.— 
ee*cen-trle'l-ty, 1 ek'sen-tris'i-ti; 2 ee'een- 
trfc*i-ty. a. (-ties*, j**J The state, quality, 
or degree of being eccentric; oddity; singu- 
larity; an eccentric, odd, or capricious act. 

ec-ele'sl-as'tte, 1 e-kli'si-as'tik; 2 e-ele'- 
gi-as'tie. I. o. Ecclesiastical. II. n. 
A clergyman or church official.— ee-cle*sl« 
as'tl-eal, a. Of or pertaining to the church. 
-ly, adv. 

ec-demte, 1 ek-dem'ik; 2 ee-demle, o. 
Arising in a distant locality, aa a disease: 
opposed to endemic. 

ech'o, 1 eW6; 2 ee'o. I. vt. & vi. To re- 
turn as an echo; reproduce; imitate. II. 
n. [bcs'obs*, pi.] A sound given back by 
an opposing surface and returned to its 
source; a close reproduction or imitation; 
prompt response. [celebrity. 

e^esaf; 1 *W; 2 e/da', n. Brilliancy; 

ee-fec'tle, 1 ek-ieVtik; 2 ee-leVtic. I. a. 
SelectingjOr made by selection; broad; 
liberal. lX n. One who practises selec- 
tion from all systems, as in philosophy or 
medicine.- ee-teetl-cisna, 1 ek-lek'ti-stam; 
2 ee-lfee'tl-dsia, a. An eclectic method or 

e-elfpse', 11 i-klips'; 2 e-eHpa'. I. vL [e 


e-cllpa", /cupbbd'*, a-cLiPST' 1 *; b-cupb'- 
ino. J To darken or hide by intervention ; 
cast into the shade; surpass; obscure. 
IX. n. The obscuration of a heavenly 
body by the intervention of another; any 
hiding, obscuring, or overshadowing. See 
illua. on next page. 

1: » = mial; i=tuO)k;a*ate;asfa<mt;eIl; tt = f»ud; elite; bo; 0=««»r» <Wa,tW»> 
2: watf,dt; bdWt, b«4; f all, rvle^eOre, bit.Wam; esl, bay; to, cam. «•«; «». «W* 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


•-Clip 'tic, 1 l-klip'tik; 2 e-cllp'tie, n. 1. 
That plane, passing through the centerof 
the sun, 
which con- 
tains the r] 
orbit of J 

the earth. „,„,,, , ^ „ 

2. The ap- EcUpses of the Sun and Moon. 
p a re nt t| the ran; mi, the moon passing 
path of between the sun and the earth (e), 
the sun and causing an eolipse of the former, 

around to** 1 in the depth of th0 •hado^;™*. 
♦Tio <w»loo. the moon in position to be totally 

tiSsph^"""- *»— *■ . 

•clog, 11 ek'leg; 2 ec'lfig, n. A short 

eclogue, /pastoral poem. 

e-con'o-my, 1 i-ken'o-mi; 2 e-eon'o-my, n. 
l-MiB8 a , M 1. Disposition to save; fru- 
gality; cheapness, x. Practical, system- 
atic management of affairs.— ec*e-*em'lc, 1 
ek'o-(or fko-lnem'ik; 2 eVo-fcw e'eo-lnom'ie, 
a. Relating to economics; economical.— 
ec"o-noml-cal, 1 ek'o-nem'i-kel; 2 ee'o- 
nom'1-eal, o. Careful; frugal; prudent, -ly, 
adv.— ec^o-nomlcs, 1 ek'o-nem'iks; 2 ee*- 
o-nom'les, n. The science of the production 
and distribution of wealth; political econo- 
my.— e-eon'o-mlst, n.— e-con'o-mlBe or 
-mlse, t*. A vt. 1-mizbd; -mizIno.] To use 
economically; be frugal or economical. 

ec 'sta-sy, 1 ek'steHBi ; 2 eVsta-sy, n. [-sies", 
pi.] Rapturous excitement or exaltation; 
rapture.— ec-statle, a. Rapturous; enrap- 
tured, ee-statl-calt.— ec-stat'l -cal-ly, 

ec"ti-menT-caI, 1 ek'yu-men'i-kel; 2 
eVyu-meVi-cal, o. Of or pertaining to 
the habitable world or to the entire Chris- 
tian church; universal. ec"u-meiilci. 

•ed, suffix- Termination (1) of the past tense, 
and (2) of the past participle of regular verbs 
and of adjectives formed on the model of 
such participles; as, hot-headed. 

©d'dy, 1 cd'i: 2 M'y. *• *• & vi. [ed'died; 
bd'dy-ing.1 To move in or as in an eddy. 
II. n. [bd'dies 1 , pi.] A circling current, 
as of water; a turning aside; diversion. 

e'del-weiss, 1 e'del-vais; 2 e/d&l-vls, n. A 
small Alpine plant and flower of the aster 
family, growing ut> to the snow-line. 

e-den'tate, 1 1-den'tSt: 2 e-den't&t. I. a. 
Toothless. II. n. A toothless animal. 
— e-den'tat-ed, a. 

•dge, 1 ej: 2 Sdg. I. vt. & vi. [edged; 
edg'ing.J 1. To sharpen; incite. 2. To 
move side wise; sidle. II. n. 1. The thin, 
sharp cutting part of a blade: sharp- 
ness. 2. A border; margin.— edge' wise, 
a. A adv. Having the edge directed forward; 
In the direction of the edge, edge'ways!. 


— edging, n. Anything serving as or at- 
tached to an edge; a border. 
ed'l-ble, \l ed'i-bl; 2 ed'i-bl. I. a. Bat- 
ed '1-bl*, /able. II. n. Something suit- 
able for food.-ed"I-M11-ty, n.-ed1-bl(e- 

e 'diet, 1 fdikt ; 2 fi'dJet, n. A proclamation 
of command; ordinance; decree. 

edl-flce, ) 1 ed'i-fis; 2 Sd'i-flc, n. A large 

edl-lls 8 , /building. 

edl-fy, 1 ed'i-fai; 2 £d'i-ft, vt. & vi. [-fied; 
-fy'ing.] To build up, as in religion; im- 
prove.— ed"l-fl-ca' tion, n. The act of 
edifying; Instruction; enlightenment.— edi- 
fl'er, n.— edl-f y"Ing, pi. 

ed1t d , 1 ed'it; 2 Wit, vt. To prepare for 
publication; compile; arrange.— e-dl'tion, 1 
l-dlsh'sn; 2 e-dlsh'on, n. Number of copies 
of a book, paper, etc., issued at one time.— 
edl-tor, 1 ed'i-tsr; 2 fed'l-tor, n. One who 
edits; one having charge of a publication.— 
ed'l-to'rl-al. ha. Of or pertaining to 
an editor. II. n. An editorial article. 
-ly, ado.— edi-tor-shlp, n. 

ed'u-cate, 1 ej'u-k€t or ed'yu-ket; 2 *g*u- 
eat or ed'yu-eat, vt, [-cat'ed*; -cat - 
ino.] To develop the natural powers; 
teach; train; instruct.— ed"u - ca'tlon, 1 
eJ*u-(or ed'yu-lkC'snen; 2 Sg'iHor ed'yu-l- 
cft'sbon, n. The systematic development 
and cultivation of the natural powers; In- 
struction and training.— ed"u-ca't!on-al, 
a. Of or pertaining to education — ed'u- 
ca-tlv(e», a.— ed'u-ca"tor, n. A teacher. 

e-duce', 1 i-dius'; 2 e-duc', vt. [e-duced'*; 
b-duc'ino.] To call forth; draw out; 

-ee^, suffix. Denoting the recipient of some- 
thing; as, employee, grantee, payee. 

-ee*, suffix. Dlmtoutive; as, bootee. 

eel, 1 II; 2 61, n. A fish of snake- like form. 

e'en, adv. Same as even: a contraction. 

-eer, suffix. 1. Denoting agency; as, engineer. 
Same as -eb. 2. Denoting residence; as, 
mountaineer. [traction. 

e'er, 1 ar; 2 er, adv. Same as ever: a eon- 

ee'ry, ll'n; 2 e'ry, a. [Scot.] Causing 
or affected by fear or awe; weird. 

ef-face', 1 e-fes': 2 e-fac', vt. [aF-FACED't; 
bf-fac'inq.] To obliterate, as written 
characters; wipe out; cancel, -ment, n. 

ef-fect', 1 e-fekt'; 2 e-fect'. I d * vt. To 
cause; produce; achieve; accomplish. 
II. n. 1. A result; product; consequence. 

2. The substance of a statement; gist. 

3. Active operation; execution. 4. Fact 
or rcalitv: following in. ft. pi. Mov- 
able goods — eMec / tlv(e 8 , a. Producing 
effect; efficient, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— ef- 
fec'tu-al, l e-fek'cliu-el or -tiu-el; 2 e-fec*- 
chu-al or -tu-al, a. Producing or capable of 

1 : artistic, Art ; fat, fire ; f dst ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , gfl ; net, *r ; full, iikle; but, bOrn. 
S: Mrt,ape,fat,fare,fa8t,what,]»ll; me^git^prej, fern; hit, Ice; I=6;I=e; go,n6t,0r f w6n, 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 

Worn out; 


producing an effect; adequate and operative; 
effective, -ly, adv -ness, n.— ef-fec'tu- 
ate, it. r-AT-BD* 1 ; -at'inq.] To render effec- 
tual; effect; accomplish. 
ef-fem'1-nate, 1 e-tem'i-n€t; 2 8-femi-nat. 

I. Vt. & VI. [-NAT"ED d ; -nat"inq.] To 
make or become womanish; weaken. II. 
a. Womanish; unmanly. -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
— ef-fem'l-na-cy, l e-fem'i-ns-si; 2 e-fem'i- 
na-cy, n. Womanlshness; unmanly weakness. 

efTer-vesce', 1 ef* er-ves'; 2 ef 'er-ves', vt. 
[-vesced'*; -vbsc'inq.] To bubble, as in 
boiling; gush.— effer-ves'cence, n. The 
bubbling of a liquid from escaping gas; irre- 
pressible excitement or emotion — eFfer- 
ves'eent, a. Effervescing. 

ef-fete', 1 e-ftt'; 2 e-feV, a. 
exhausted; barren. 

effl-ca'cious, 1 efi-ke'slius; 2 «f"i-ca'- 
shtis, a. Having efficacy; effective; ef- 
fectual. »ljf adv. -ness, n.— ef'fl-ca-cy , 
n. Power to produce effect; effective energy. 

ef-fl'clent, 1 e-fian'ent; 2 e-flsh'ent, a. 1. 
Acting effectively; competent. 2. Pro- 
ductive of effects; causative.— ef-fl'clen-cy, 
n. The character of being efficient; effec- 
tiveness.- ef-fl'cient-ly, adv. 

ef 'fr-gy, 1 ef'i-ji; 2 Sf'i-gy, n. [-gieb*, pi] 
A picture or a stuffed figure representing 
a person. 

effort, 1 ef'ert; 2 Wort, n. A voluntary 
exertion of power; strenuous endeavor; 
attempt; achievement. 

ef-front'er-y, 1 e-frunt'er-i; 2 e-frdnt'er-y, 
n. Insolent assurance; audacity; im- 
pudence. ' 

ef-ful'gence, 1 e-ful'jens; 2 8-ful'genc, n. 
A shining forth brilliantly; brightness; 
splendor.— ef-ful'gent, a. -ly, adv. 

ef-f use ',11 e-f ius'; 2 S-f us', v. [ef-fused' ; 

ef-fuie* , ,/EF-pu8 / iNG.] I. t. To pour 
forth: shed. II. i. To emanate. 

cMu'slon, 1 e-fiu'38n; 2 S-fu'xhon, n. A 
poiuing forth, or that which is poured forth ; 
a literary production; show of feeling. 

ef-fu 'slve, T I e-f iQ'srv; 2 6-f u'siv, a. Over- 

e£»f a 'si ?•, J flowing ; - demonstrative ; gush- 
ing, -ly, adv. -ness, it. leff f. 

eft* 1 eft; 2 eft, n. A newt; a small lizard. 

Cgg 9 11 eg; 2 eg, v*. To instigate or incite; 

«g% J urge: commonly followed by on. 

egg, »»• A body containing the germ and 
food-yolk, as of birds, enclosed in a mem- 
branous or shelly covering. 

•'gift, 1 I'jis; 2 6'gis, n. {Classic form Al- 
ois.] A shield or defensive armor, as the 
mantle of Minerva, bearing the Gorgon's 
head; any protecting influence or power. 

eg lap- tine, 1 eg'len-tain; 2 eg'lan-tln, n. 
A plant of the genus Rosa ; the sweetbrier. 



id self* 

eg'o-fsm, 1 eg'o-for I'go-Jizm; 2 Si 
e'go-]lgm, n. Seltelevelopment an< 
satisfaction as the supreme end of exis- 
tence; refined selfishness: opposed to altru- 
ism.— eg'o-lst, n. 

eg'o-tlsm. 1 eg'o-Ior fgo-ltlzm; 2 feg'o- 
[or e'go-Jt!sm, n. The habit of thinking 
and talking much of oneself; self»conceit. 

eg'o-tlst, 1 eg / o-[or fgo-Jtistj 2 eg / o-[or 
e'go-]tIst, h. One characterised by eg- 
otism.— eg"o-tls'tic, a. eg"o-tIs'tl-eal$. 

e-gre'gjous, 1 i-grfj us; 2 e-gre'gus, a. Sur- 
passmg; excessive. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

e'gress, 1 I'gres; 2 
6'grfcs, n. A going 
out; place of exit. 

e'gret, 1 I'gret or ] 
eg'ret; 2 6'grSt or ] 
Sg'rSt, n. A white ! 
heron, or a plume 
or tuft of its 1 

E-gyp'tlan, li-jip'- **= 

fhen; 2 e-£yp'shan. Great White Egret. >/»s 
I. o. Of or per- -»» , » 

taining to Egypt. II. n. 1. A native 
of Egypt. 2. The language of Egypt. 

el'der, 1 ai'dar; 2 I'der, n. A large sea* 
duck of northern regions, el'der «duck"t.— 
el'der •down", n. The soft down of the eider. 

eight, 1 St; 2 et. 1. a. Consisting of one 
more than seven. II. n. Eight units. 
— eighth, 1 Btfh; 2 etth. I. a. 1. Next in 
order after the seventh. 2. Being one of eight 
equal parts. II. n. One of eight equal 
parts.— eighthly, adv. 

elght-een', 1 et-In'; 2 ct-en'. I. a. Con- 
sisting of eight more than ten. II. n. 
The sum of tja and eight.— eight-eenth', 1 
et-mth'; Z e>?nth'. I. a. Eighth in order 
•after t\a tenth. II. n. One of eighteen equal 

eight 'y, 1 eVi; 2 et'y. I. o. Consisting of 
ten more than seventy. II. n. Eight 
times ten.— elghtl-eth. I. a. 1. Tenth 
In order after the seventieth. 2. Being one 
of eighty equal parts. II. n. One of eighty 
equal parts, -ly, adv. 

el'ther,H'ther or oi'ther; 2 6'thfir or I'thfir. 
I. a. 1. One or the other of two. 2* 
Each of two. II. pnm. One of two: 
one or the other. Ill* conj. In one of 
two or more cases. 

e-jac'u-late, 1 i-jak'yu-l6t; 2 e-jaVyu- 
lat, vt. & vi. [-LAT"En d ; -lat'ing.J To 
utter suddenly; exclaim.— e-Jac*u-la'tion, 
1 i»Jak"yu-l« / slien; 2 e-Jfte'yu-lfi'ehon, n. Ex- 
clamation.- e-Jac'u-la-to-ry, a. 

1: » = final; is habit; cdsle; cms out; all; 10 = fetid; 4hin; go; Qsgfn^; thin, ttiifl. 
S: wolf,d«; Mbk, bAt; fyll, rule, cOre, bd^bOrn; 6U t boy; go, item; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



fr-fecf*, 1 i-jekt'; 2 e-Jeet', vt. To throw 
out by sudden force; expel; dispossess. 
— e-Jec'tlon, n. The act of ejecting; expul- 
sion; something ejected.— e-Jeet'ment, n. 
A casting out; eviction.— e-Jee'tor, n. 

•Ice, 1 Ik; 2 €k, rf. (bked*; ek'ing.J To 
piece out: followed by out. 

ekell, ode. A cwtf. Likewise; also. 

6-lab'o-rate, 1 i-lab'o-i*t; 2 e-lftb'o-rat. 
I* rf. [-bat*bd«; -rat'ing.J To produce 
by thorough and careful work. II. 1 
l-lab'o-nt; 2 e-lab'o-rat, o. Developed 
with thoroughness or exactness, -ljr, ado. 
-ness, n.— e-lab"o-ratlon, n. The act of 
elaborating; that which is elaborated. 

e-lapse', ) 1 l-laps': 2 e-laps', vi. Ib-lapsed', 

e-teps", J e-lapst'*; e-laps'lno.] To glide 
by; pass, as time. 

" s'ttc, 1 i-las'tik; 2 e-las'tie. I. a. 
tontaneously returning to its original 
ape; springy; accommodating; buoyant. 
II. ft. A band of elastic material.— e-lastt* 
S8^^ f -— •"^tt^^lITae-tls'i-ti; 2 
rus-tlc'1-ty, n. The property or Quality of 
being elastic. 

•-late', 1 Hef ; 2 e-ttt'. I. vt. [E-LAT'EDd; 
s-lat'ing.] To raise the spirits of; ex- 
cite. II. a. Exalted or triumphant; ex- 
ultant.- e-latJon, *. A jubilant state of 
mind; exaltation. 

df>ow, 1 el'bo; 2 eTbo. I. vU & vi. To 
push with the elbows; jostle. II. n. The 
joint at the bend of the arm, or anything 
resembling it. 

•M, 1 eld; 2 eld, n. fArchalo 6 Poet.] Old 
times; antiquity; old age 

•Jd'er, 1 eld'er; 2 eld'er, a., compar. of 
old. Having lived longer; senior; older. 
— eld 'er-ly, a. Somewhat old.— eld 'est a.. 
«ij*rJ. of old. First-born; oldest. 

•ld'er*, n . An 
older or aged 
person; pntFi- 
arch; church 
officer or min- 

•l'der*, 1 ei'dor: 
2«l'd5r,»j. A 
shrub with 
white flower* 
and purp It- 
black or rvil 
berries. — is I '« 
n. (-R1E& ,'.v.j 
The fruit of 
the common el- 

Red-berried Elder. 
a, the flower, enlarged. 

El Do-ra ' d o, 1 1 el'do-ra'd5; 2 SI do-ra'dS, 
EPdo-ra'do, Jn. 1. A region rich in gold ; 

a golden opportunity. 2. An imaginary 
land, rich in gold and precious stones, 
supposed by the Spaniards and by Ral- 
eigh to have existed between the Amason 
and Orinoco rivers, South America. 

e-leet', 1 i-lekt'; 2 e-lfict'. Id. vt. To 
choose by vote; select; appoint to salva- 
tion. II. a. 1. Elected, as to office. 2. 
Chosen of God for salvation; of saintly 
character. III. n. A person or persons) 
elected, favored, or preferred. 

e-lec'tion, 1 l-lek'sTien; 2 e-lee'shon, n. 
The act of electing; a vote; choice.— 
e-lee*tt#a-eer'« l i-tek'shen-ir'; z e-lee*- 
shon-€r\ rt. To canvass for votes. 

e-le*'tlve,)l i-lek'tiv; 2 e-iee'tiv, a. 1. 

e-lec'ttv 8 , J Of or pertaining to election. 
2. Exercising or subject to choice; op- 
tional.- e-lec'ttve-ly, adv. 

e-Jec'tor, 1 l-lek'tar; 2 e-leVtor, n. 1. 
One who elects or votes. 2. Formerly, 
' one of the great princes of Germany.— 
e-tec'to-ral, a. Pertaining to electors or 
elections.— e-lecto-rate, n. 1. The body of 
eleetors or voters, collectively. 9. Formerly, 
the rank or territory of an elector in the old 
German empire. 

e-lec-tricT-ty, 1 l-Iek-trisVti; 2 e-lee- 
tric'i-ty, n. An imponderable and in- 
visible agent manifested in lightning, 
magnetism, heat, motion, etc.— e-lec'trlc, 
1 i-lek'tnk; 2 e-lee'trie, a. 1. Relating to, 
produced, or operated, by electricity. 3. 
Spirited; magnetic; thrilling, e-tee/tri-ealt. 
— electric fish, a fish capable of giving an 
electric shock, as an dearie eel.— e. motor, 
see electromotor, under electro- .— e-lee / - 
trl-cal-ly, adv.— e-lec-trt'dan, l i-iek- 
triah'en; 2 e-l&e-trfah'an, n. 1. One versed 
in electricity, t. An inventor or man- 
ager of electrical apparatus.— e-lec'trt- 
cute, vt. To kill by electricity.- e-tec"trl- 
cu'tlon, n. 

e-lec'tri-fy, 1 l-lek'tn-foi; 2 e-leVtri-fl, 
vt. & vi. [-pied; -py'ing.J To act upon 
or charge or become charged with elec- 
tricity; arouse; startle; thrill.- e-Iee*trl-fl- 
ea'tion, n. The process of electrifying, or 
the state of being electrified. 

e-lee'tro-, 1 i-lek'tro-; 2 e-leVtro-. A com- 
bining form representing electric in com- 
position.— e-leenro-Ctaemls-try, n. The 
branch of chemistry that treats of electricity 
as active in effecting chemical change.— 
e-lec"tro-ehem1-ca], a.-e-lec"tro- 
chemi-cal-ly, adv. — e-Iec"tro-chem'tst, 
».— e-lec'tro-cul'ture, n. Hon. Culti- 
vation of plants by the aid of an electric cur- 
rent or by electric light.— e-lec'tro-cute, 
etc., see electricttte, etc.— e-lec"tro-de- 
poslt. Id. vt. To deposit chemically, as 

1 : artistic, Art ; fat, fire ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey , gO ; not ,er ; full, rOle; but, bOnu 
Jfc art,ipe,ttt T fare,fafit,what > aU; mCget^r^y.fern; hit,Ic©;I=6;i=e; go,ndt,0r,w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



metal from a solution, by means of an elec- 
tric current. II. it. That which Is so de- 
posited.— e-toetro-dep'o-sl'tlon, n. The 
process of electrodepoeiting.— e-lee^tro-dy- 
nam'le, a. Relating to forces of attraction 
and repulsion, produced by electric currents. 

— e-lec"tro-ld-net'le, a. Pertaining to or 
caused by electricity in motion.— e-lec-trol'- 
y-sls,it. Decomposition by passaged an elec- 
tric current.— e-Iec^tro-Iytic, o. e-lec"- 
tro-lyt'1-ealt.— e-lec"tro-mag'net, n. A 
core, as of soft Iron, made magnetic by the 
passage of an electric current through a sur- 
rounding coil of wire, and losing its mag- 
netism when the current ceases.— e-lec"tr©- 
mag-net'le, a. Pertaining to an electro- 
magnet, or to the relations between electricity 
and magnetism.— e-lec"tro-mag'net-ism, 
».— e-lee-trom'e-ter, n. An instrument for 
measuring electricity.— e-lec / tro-mo"tor, n. 
A motor moved by an electric current: the 
reverse of a dynamo.— e-toc-troD'a-thy, n. 
See ei^ctrotherapeutics.— e-lec'tro- 
pathlc, a.— e-lee'tro-plate, t*. To coat 
with metal by means of electricity.— e-lee*- 
tro-eeope, n. An Instrument for detecting 
the presence of electricity.— e-toe"tro-stat'- 
tcs, n. The branch of science treating of 
electricity at rest, or of frictional electricity. 

— e-tee'tro-stat'le, -1-cal, a.— e-lee"tro- 
tech'nlcs,n. Thebranchof science that treats 
of the applications of electricity m the in- 
dustrial arts.— e-lecnro-teeb/nlc, -nl-eal, 
a.— e-lee^tro-te-les/ra-pby, n. Telegraphy 
by electricity.— e-lec"tto-4el"e-craph'le, a. 

— e-leenro-ttier"a-peii'tlcs,n. Healing by 
electricity, or the laws, etc., of such treat- 
ment, e-lec'tro-ther'a-py:.— e-lec"too- 
tber"a-peu'tic - tl-eal, a.- e-lec'tro-type. 
I* sf. To copy by electrodeposltion. II. n. 
A copy, as of a page of type, made by securing 
a deposit of metal over the surface from a so- 
lution by means of electricity; the mold thus 
obtained Is filled with molten metal forming 
a cast which exactly reproduces the original 
See stereotype. [Electrotyped matter Is 
commonly said to be east. See cast, p., 3.1— 
e-leetvo-typ^er, tu e4ec*tio~trp"|gt$.— 
e-ieetvo-typ^lnSf ft. e-lee'teo-nrp^yl. 

e*toc'trode, 1 l-Iek'trOd; 2 e-leVtr6d, n. 
Either of the two poles of a battery or 

e-leCtro-ller', l i-lektro-lir'; 2 e-lee , tro4er', 
it. A fixture for holding electric lamps. 

e-lee'troa, 1 l-lekOren; 2 e-lec'trdn, it. The 
electric charge of an atom: believed to exist 
as a separate entity. 

efe-^-mos'y-na-iT* 1 eTi-i-mes'i-ne-n; 2 
el'e-e-mcVy-na-ry. I. a. Of, pertaining 
to, or dependent on alms; charitable. 1L 
n. [-rjes*, pi.] A recipient of charity. 

d'e-gant, 1 el'i-gant; 2 eTe-fant, a. Grace- 
ful; symmetrical; refined. -ly, adv.— el'e- 

gsnee,n. The state or quality of being ele- 
gant. ei'e-gan*eyt t-ciKs*. pi.]. 

el'e-gy»lel'i-ji;2el'e-gy, n. [-gibs*, pi] A 
funeral song; a plaintive meditative poem. 
— e-le'gl-ac, 1 l-irjwik or el VJai'ak; 2 e-lC- 
gi-ae or eTe-gr&e, a. Pertaining to elegies; 
sad; plaintive, el"e-gl'a-fatt. 

el'e-ment, 1 el'i-ment or -ment; 2 ele- 
ment, n. 1* A component; constituent; 
ingredient. 2. pi. Rudiments. 3. pi. 
The bread and wine of the Lord's Supper. 
4. pi. Natural agencies, as of earth, air, 
fire, and water. 5. The natural sphere or 
environment. 6. Chem. A form of matter 
which can not be decomposed by any 
known means.— el"e-men'tal, a. Relating 
to an element; pertaining to the great forces 
of nature; rudimentary.— el'e-men'tal-ly, 
adv.— el'e-men'ta-ry, a. Of. pertaining to, 
or being an element or elements, in any 

el'e-phaiit, 1 erVfent; 2 eTe-fant, n. 
large quad- 
ruped with 
tusks and a 
flexible pro- 
fa osc is.— el*- 
1 elVfan'tm; 2 
eTe-fan'tin, a. 
Of or pertaining 
to an elephant; 
enormous; un- 

- 2vS?Vefe: Asiatic Elephant. Vt- 

V5t, Vt. [-VAT*BD d ; -VAT'iNQ.] _ 

promote; exalt; cheer; Inspire — et"e-va' 
n. The act of elevating; exaltation; ai 
vated place; front view of a building.— el'e- 
va"tor, n. One who or that which elevates: 
a hoisting mechanism for grain, freight, or 
passengers; also, a warehouse for grain. 

e-iev'en, 1 l-lev'n; 2 e-leVn. I. a. Con* 
sisting of one more than ten. II. n. The 
sum of ten and one.— e-lev'enth, a. An. 1* 
Next in order after the tenth. X. Oneofelev. 
en equal parts. 

elf, 1 elf; 2 £lf, n. [elves, I elvs; 2 elvs, pi.] 
A dwarfish* mischievous sprite; a dwarf. 

— elfin, o. Relating or belonging to elves. 

— elfish, a. Elfin; mischievous. 
e-llc'lt d , 1 i-lis'it; 2 e-Uc'it, vt. To draw 

out, as by attraction or inducement. 
e-llde', 1 i-laid'; 2 e-Hd\ vt. [e-lid'ed*; 

b-lid'inq.] To strike out or omit, as a 

part of a word. 
el'1-gfr-ble, ) 1 el'i-ji-bl ; 2 81'i-gi-bl, a. Ca- 
el'l-gi-bl r , j pable of being chosen; .worthy 

of acceptance.— eFI-gJ-blri-ty, n, ell-gK 


1: » a final; i» habit; aisle; mmmoutx all; ia = fe*d; *hfn; go; rjosinfj; Chin, ttils. 
8: Wftf,dg; btiok, Mot; f«U, mle, dkre, bdt,bftrn; All, bay; fo, ftem; inJc; thin, tttf* 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


e-llml-iiate, I i-lim'i-net: 2 e-ttm'i-nat t t><. 
[-NAT*ED d ; -nat'ing.] To cast out from; 
a system of algebraic equations; remove; 
fret rid of.— e-lim'l-na'tlon, n. 

e-lf 'slon, 1 l-lis'en; 2 e-uWon, n. The act 
cf eliding. 

e-lll'ir, 1 l-liks'er; 2 e-llkslr, n. An 
alcoholic medicinal preparation; a cordial. 

elk, 1 elk; 2 elk, n. A large deer of north- 
ern forests, with palmated antlers, 
"" % * >1; 2 £1, n. A measure of length 
v rarely used: in England, 45 inches. 

e-lips'; 2 e-llps', n. An oval. 

el-IIp'sls, 1 e-lip'sis; 2 8-flp'sis, n. [-ses, 

1 -slz; 2 -s€g, pi.] The omission of a word 

or words. 
el-llp'tlc, ) I e-lip'tik, -U-kel ; 2 e-Hp'tic, 
el-llp'tl-cal, j-ti-cal, a. 1. Of , pertaining 

to, or like an ellipse. 2. Characterised 

by ellipsis; shortened. 
elm. 1 elm; 2 film, n. A shade-tree with 

a broad, spreading, or overarching top. 
ef"o-cu'tIon, ~ ~ 

a, flowen; b, leaves and fruit. 

e-ioin'gate, 1 i-lsn'get; 2 e-16n'gat, vt. & 
vi. [-gat"ed<1; -gat'ing.] To lengthen.— 
e"lon-ga'tlon,n. A lengthening; extension. 

e-lope', 1 l-lop'; 2 e-l6p', vi. [E-M>PED't; 
e-lop'ing.] To run away from home 
with a lover — e-lope 'ment, n. 

el'o-quent, 1 el'o-kwent; 2 el'o-kwent, a. 
Possessed of or manifesting eloquence; 
persuasive; convincing; expressive of 
emotion. -If, adv.— eTo-quence, l el'o- 
kwens; 2 ei'o-kwene, n. Lofty, impassioned, 
and convincing utterance; the quality of be- 
ing eloquent. 

else, 1 els; 2 Sis, adv. Other; besides; in- 
stead; otherwise.— else'wbere", adv. Some- 
where else. 

e-lu'cl-date,li-liu'si-d&t; 2 e-la'ci-d&t, vt. 


[-dat'ed*; -dat'ing.] To throw light 
upon ^ clear up.— e-lu"ci-da'tlon, n. 

e-Iude', 1 i-liud'; 2 e-lud', vt. [e-lud'ed<I: 
e-lud'ing.] To avoid adroitly; evaae; 
baffle.— e-lu'slon, l i-HQ'ien; 2 e-lQ'shon, n. 
The act of eluding or escaping.— e-lu'sl?e, 1 
i-HQ'siv; 2 e-lfl'siv, a. Tending to slip away 
or escape. -If, adv. -ness,n. e-lu'so-ryt. 

elves, n. Plural of elf.— elvish, a. 

E-lys'l-an, 1 l-liz'i-en; 2 e-lys/i-an, a. Be- 
longing to Elysium; happy; heavenly. 

E-lys'i-um, 1 i-liz'i-um; 2 e-lys/i-um, n. 
Gr. Myth. The abode of the blessed dead. 

e-ma 'el-ate, 1 i-m6'sni-€t; 2 e-ma'chi-at, 
vt. [-at"ed<»; -at'ing.] To reduce in 
flesh; make lean or thin.— e-ma"ci-a'tiofl, n. 

em'a-nate. 1 em's-net; 2 fim'a-nat, vi. 
[-nat'edo; -nat'ino.] To flow forth, aa 
from a source.— em"a-na'tion, l em'a-ng'- 
snsn; 2 em 'a-n&'shon, n. The act of emanat- 
ing; an effluence or outflowing, as of the Di- 
vine Essence. 

e-man'cl-pate, 1 i-man'si-p€t; 2 e-man'ci- 
pat, vt. [-pat"ed<1; -p at'ing.] To eet 
free, as from slavery.— e-man"ci-pa'ttoo, n. 
— e-man'd-pa"ter, n. 

e-mas'cu-late, 1 l-mas'kiu-let; 2 e-mas'- 
eu-lat. I. vL [-lat'ed* 1 ; -lat'ing.] 1* 
To deprive of masculine strength: weak- 
en; impair. 2. To castrate; geld. II. 
a. Emasculated.— e-mas^cu-la'tlon, n. 

em-balm % I em-bam'; 2 em-b&m', vt. To 
preserve from decay, as a dead body, by 
antiseptics.— em-balm'er, n. 

em-bank '*, 1 em-bank'; 2 8m-bank', vt. To 
confine or protect by a bank.— em-bank'- 
ment, n. A protecting or supporting bank. 

em"bar-ca'tlon, n. Same as embarkation. 

em-bar 'fro, 1 em-bar'go; 2 em-bar'go, n. 
A prohibition of ship from leaving port; 
an impediment; a check, 

em-bark'*, 1 em-bark'; 2 em-b&rk', vt. & vi. 
To put or go on board a vessel; venture; 
engage; invest.— enVbar-ka'tlon, ». 

em-bar 'rassS 1 em-bar'es; 2 em-bar'as, vt. 
To confuse; abash; perplex; hamper; en- 
cumber.— em-bar'rass-ment.n. l.Dlsoom- 

. posure; entanglement; difficulty. 2. An im- 
pediment; hindrance, [etc. 

em-bas'sa-dor, etc. Same as ambassador, 

em'bas-sy, 1 em'be-si; 2 Sm'ba-si, n. 
[-8IE8 8 , plA 1. An ambassador and his 
suite . 2. An ambassador's office , mission, 
or official residence. 

em-bat 'tied, ) 1 em-bat'ld ; 2 em-b&t'ld, pa. 

em-bat 'tld?, J Drawn up in battle array; 
having battlements.— em-bat'tle, sf . 

em-bed', 1 em-bed'; 2 em-bSd', vt. [em- 
beo'ded^; em-bed'ding.] To lay as in a 
bed. lm-bed't. 


8: Irt, ape, £it,f are^fast, what, aU; ine,ge>,prej,fern; hit, Ice; 1=6; I=e; gft,nftt,6r, wftn. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


■ t , 
•m-belOlsh*, i em-bel'irfh; 2 em-beTish, vt. 

To ornament; decorate.— em-hellish - er, 

».— em-benish-meiit, n. 
•m'ber, 1 em 'bar; 2 em'ber, n. A live coal. 

■'lie, 11 em-bes'l; 2 ftm-beVl, vt. 

em-best*, J Hbl(e)d*; -zling.] To ap- 
propriate fraudulently.— em-bes'ile-ment, 
n .— em-bes'sler, n. 

e)m-blt'ter, 1 em-bit'er; 2 em-Mt'er, rt. 
To render bitter, unhappy, or resentful. 

•m-bla'xon, I em-blfi'sn; 2 em-bla'sn, 
vt. To adorn with armorial ensigns; dis- 
play; celebrate.— em-bla'aon-ry, n. 

•m'blem, 1 em'blem; 2 em'blem, n. A 
figurative representation; symbol.— em"- 
Mem-atlc, a. em"blem-ari-ealt. 

em-bod 'y, 1 em-oed'i; 2 em-b6d'y, »*. <k vi. 
[bm-bod'ibd; em-bod'y-ino.J 1. To put 
into bodily form; express, as in words. 2. 
To unite in one whole; incorporate; coa- 
lesce.— em-bedl-ment, n. The act of em- 
bodying, or that which embodies, as a de- 
scription or picture. [To make bold. 

em-bold 'en, 1 em-bdld'n; 2 em-bold'n, vt. 

em-bo'som. 1 em-bu'zem; 2 em-bo'som, 
rt. To place in the bosom; envelop; 
shelter; cherish. 

em-boas'*, 1 em-bos'; 2 em-bos', vt. To 
ornament with raised work; cause to 
stand out.— em-boM'er, em-boM'meot, n. 

em-bowser, 1 em-bau'er; 2 em-bo w'§r, vt. 
& vi. To place or rest in or as in a bower. 

em-brace', 1 em-breV; 2 em-brac'. I. vt. 
& vi. {em-bbaced'*; em-bbac'ing.] To 
infold in the arms; clasp; hug; accept 
willingly; comprehend; include. II* n. 
The act of embracing; a clasping in the 
arms; a hug. 

em-bra 'sore, 1 em-brfi'sur; 2 fim-bra'- 
shur, n. An opening in a wall, as for a 

em"bro-ea'tloii, 1 em'bro-ke'jfoen; 2 6m'- 
bro-e&'shon, n. A liniment, or its ap- 
plication.— em/bro-eate, t*. 

em-brol'der, 1 em-brei'der; 2 em-broi'der, 
v. I. t. To ornament with needlework; 
execute in needlework. II. i. To make em- 
broidery .— em-brof'der-er, n.— em-brol'- 
der-y,n. [-ies*, pi.] Ornamental needlework, 
or the art of producing it; ornamentation. 

em-broll', 1 em-broil'; 2 em-br6i1', vt. & vi. 
To involve, or becomo involved, in dis- 
sension or strife.— emrbsoll'atent, n. 

em'bry-o, 1 em'bn-o; 2em'bry-o. I. a. 
Rudimentary. II. n. The germ or rudi- 
mentary form of anything, as of an ani- 
mal or plant.— em"bty-on'lc, a. 

e-meer', 1 l-mlr 7 ; 2 e-meV,n. An emir. 

e- mend' d , 1 i-mend'; 2 e-mfcnd', vt. To 


correct, as a result of criticism.— e"men-da'- 

tion, l rmen-dS'slien; 2 e'men-da'shon. n. 

A correction or alteration. 
em'emald, 1 em'er-sld; 2 em'6r-ald, n. A 

bright-green variety of beryl; a rich and 

vivid green hue. 
e-merge', 1 l-mfirj'; 2 e-merg', vi. 

{e-mebged'; e-mebg'ing.] To rise, as 
rom a fluid; como forth; come into view. 

— e-mer'genee, n. 1. The process or result 
of emerging, e-mer'sloni. 2. That which 
emerges; an outgrowth. 

e-mer'gen-cy, 1 i-mur'jen-ei; 2 e-meV- 
&€n-cy, n. H^ E s«» pl*\ A sudden con- 
dition calling for immediate action.— 
e-mer'cent, a.— e-mer'gent-ly, adv. 

e-mer'1-tus, 1 1-merVtus; 2 e-meVi-tiis, 
a. & n. Denoting one retired from active 
service, but retained in an honorary posi- 

em'er-y, 1 em'er-i; 2 em'Sr-y, n. A very 
hard black mineral: used in powder for 
polishing, etc. 

e-met'le, 1 l-met'ik; 2 e-meVie. I. a. 
Tending to produce vomiting. II. n. A 
medicine used to produce vomiting. 

em'1-grate, 1 em'i-gret; 2 em'i-£rat, vi. 
[-GRAT'BDd; -gbat'ino.J To go from one 
country to settle in another.— eml-grant. 
La. Emigrating. II. n. One who emigrates. 

— em"l-gra'ti©n 1 it. 

em'I-nence, 1 em'i-nens; 2 eml-nenc, n. 
A lofty place; hill; rank; distinction.— 
emi-nen-eyl.— eml-nent, a. High In sta- 
tion or esteem; distinguished, -ly, adv. 

e-mlr', 1 e-mlr'; 2 e-mlr\ n. A Moham- 
medan prince; a high Turkish official. 

em'ls-sa-ry. 1 em'i-e6-n; 2 em'i-sa-ry, n. 
[-bibs', pi.) A secret agent; spy. 

e-mlt', 1 l-mit; 2 e-mlt, vt. [B-Mrr'TBod; 
e-mttting.] To send or give out; issue. 

— e-mls'sloB, l i-mi$h'en; 2 e-mlsh'on, ». 
The act of emitting, or that which is emitted. 

em 'met, 1 em'et; 2 em'et, n. An ant. 

e-molH-ent, 1 l-mol'i-cnt; 2 e-m&l'i-ent. 
I. a. Softening; soothing. II. n. A 
softening or soothing application. 

e-mol'u-ment, 1 l-mel'yu-ment or -ment; 
2 e-m&l'yu-ment, n. Remuneration; gain; 

e-mo'tlon, 1 i-mo'sTien; 2 e-m5'shon, n. 
Excitement of mind; feeling; sensibility; 
sentiment.— e-mo'tlon-al, a. 1. Of, per- 
taining^ to, or expressive of emotion. 9. Ca- 
pable of emotion.— e-mo'tlT(ea, a. Marked 
by or tending to excite emotion. 

em-pale', \l em-pel'; 2 8*m-pal',»«. [em- 

lm-pmle', / paled'; em-pal'ing.] 1. To 
put to death by fixing upon a pale or 
sharp stake. 9. To fence in.— em-[or lm-}> 

1: • =b final; 1 = habit; cdsle; no as out; ell; 10 = feud; ^bln; gx>; rj = sinj; <hln, ttiis. 
«: W9lf, dQi bdbk, bdbt; f^ll, rule, c«ro, bilt, bttrn; 611, b&y; go, tern; ink, thin, this. 

■tipd; -erz'uffa.l To 


pale'ment, n. The act of empaling, In either 
sense of the verb. 

em'per-or, 1 em'par-er erer; 2 eWpgr-or.n 
1. The sovereign q Jan empire, 2. One 
of various butter flics and moths* 

em'pha-sts, 1 . 

<tm 'fa-sis*, J 
1 em'fa-sis; 2 
em'fa-sis, n. [-se I , 
1 -slz, 2 -seg, P*0 A 
stress laid upon aorae 
word or words in 
speaking or reading 
— em'pfia-sise, l caW, 
salz; 2 em'fa-slz, fl { 
articulate with Pjuj-eta] force; iriake distinct 
or Impressive. 

em-phat'ic, ) 1 em-fat'ik; 2 em-f&t'ie, a. 

em-fat 1c p , /Speaking or spoken with 
emphasis; forcible; positive; earnest, em- 
phatl-calt.— em-phatf-cal-ly, adv. 

em'pire, 1 em'pair; 2 em'plr, n. A coun- 
try governed fey an emperor; a powerful 
nation; wide and supreme dominion. 

em-plr'ie, 1 em-pir'ik; 2 em-plr'ie. I. a. 
Experimental rather than scientific. II. 
n. One whose methods are empirical; 
a quack, em-pirf-caU.— etn-plrf-cal-ly, 
adv.— em-plr'l-cism, l em-plr'i-slzm; 2 em- 
plr'l-clsm, n. 1. Quackery; unscientific ex- 
perimenting. 2. PhUos. The doctrine that 
all knowledge is derived from experience 
through the senses. 

em-ploy % 1 em-plei'; 2 em-ploy. I. vt. 
To have in service; furnish work for; 
use; apply. II. n. The state of being 
employed; service.— em"ploy-ee', 1 em'- 
plei-r; 2 em'plfiy-C, n. One who Is employed 
by another. era"ploy-6'i, 1 em'plei-C; 2 
em'ploy-e/.— em-ploy'er, n. One who em- 
ploys.— em-ploy 'men t, n. The act of em- 
ploying; service; work. 

em-po'rl-um, 1 em-p5'n-um; 2 em-p5'ri- 
um, n. [-Ri-UMS* or -bi-a, pL] An im- 
portant trading<place; a mart; a bazaar or 
large department-store. 

em-pow'er, 1 era-pau'er; 2 Sm-pow'eT, vt. 
To authorize. 

em'press, 1 em'pres; 2 em'pres, n. A wo- 
man who rules an empire; the wife or 
widow of an emperor. 

emp'ty, 1 emp'ti; 2 emp'ty. I. zt. & vi. 
[emp'tied; emp'ty-ing.1 To make or 
become empty; pour out; remove, as 
contents, if. a. [emp'ti-er; emp'ti- 
bst.] Having nothing within; without 
contents or substance; vacant; hollow; 
unmeaning.— emp'tl-ness, n. 

em'py-re'an, 1 em'pi-rf'dn; 2 era'py-rfi'an, 
n. The highest heaven; upper sky.— em- 


A large Austra- 

pyr'e-al, 1 em-pir'i-el; 2 em-pyr'e-al, a. An. 

e'rnu, 1 I'miu; 2 6'mO, n. 

lian ostrich-like bird. 
em'n-late, 1 em'yu- 

l€t; 2 em'yu-lat, vt. 

[-LAT'ED d ; -LADING.] 

To strive to equal or 
surpass; vie with. — 
em*u-la'tton, n. Ef- 1 
fort or ambition to { 
equal or excel another. , 
— em'u-la-tlve, o. In- 
clined to emulation.— 
em'u-lous, a. Eager to 
equal or excel another; 
competitive, -ly, adv.— em'u-Ious-ness, n. 

e-mul'slon, 1 i-mul'slian:2 e-mal'shon, n. 
A liquid mixture in which a fatty sub- 
stance is suspended in minute globules; 
any milky liquid.— e-mul'siv(e», a. Of the 
nature of an emulsion; softening; oily. 

en*-, prefix. In; into; as, enshrine; en- 
throne, [words. 

en-*, prefix. In: used chiefly In scientific 

-en, suffix. Used (1) to form verbs; as, fatten ; 
(2) to form past participles in strong verbs; 
as, fallen; (3) to form plural of verbs; (4) to 
form feminine of nouns; (5) to form plural 
of nouns; as, oxen; (6) to form adjectives 
denoting material; as, woolen; (7) as a 
form of -an. 

en-aT>!e,)l en-Cbl; 2 «n-4fbl, vt. [en- 

en-at>l p , J a'bl(e)d»; en-a'bling.] To 
make able; empower. 

en-act 'd, 1 en-akt'; 2 en-act',*. 1. To 
make into a law. 2. To carry out in 
action; perform.— en-act'ment, n. A law; 
statute; the act of enacting. 

en-am 'el, 1 en-am'el; 2 en-am'el. I. vt. 

[-ELED Or -ELLED, -ELD 8 ; -EL-ING Or -EL- 
LINO.] To cover with enamel; decorate in 
enamel. II* n. A hard and glossy coat- 
ing, as of the teeth.— en-am'el-er or -ler, n. 

en-am 'or, ) 1 en-am'er or -or; 2 en-am'or, 

en-am 'our, / vt. To inspire with love. 

en-cage', 1 en-kej'; 2 en-eag / , vt. To shut 
up in a cage. 

en-camp'*, 1 en-kamp'; 2 en-camp', vt. & 
vi. To settle and lodge in a camp; form 
a camp.— en-eamp'ment, n. The act of 
pitching a camp; a camp; persons en- 

en-caus'tlc, 1 en-kes'tik; 2 e'n-cas'tie, a. 
Having colors fixed as by heat, as tiles. 

en-chain', I en-rfhen'; 2 en-chan', vt. To 
bind with or as with a chain; confine.— en- 
chaln'ment, n. 

en-chant' d ,len-c'hant'; 2 en-chant', rt. To 
bewitch; fascinate; delight.— en-chanfer, n. 
One who enchants; a magician.— en-chanf* 


f : fcrt.ap*, fat, f are,fast, what, p>U; me, gtit,prcy. Com; hlt t lee; 1=6; i=e; go, not.or, won, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


fng-ly, adv.— en-ebant'ment, n. The 

act of enchanting, or the' state of being en- 
chanted; Illusive charm.— en-chant'ress, 
n. 1. A sorceress. 2. A bewitching woman. 

en-clr'cle, ) 1 en-suVkl; 2 en-cVel, vt. 

en-clr'd* f /{-CL(E)D*; -cling.] To sur- 
round; environ. 

en-close', 1 en-kl6V; 2 en-elog'.v*. [en- 
closed'; en-clos'ing.] 1. To insert, as 
in an envelop. 2. To fence in, as land. 
3. To surround. tn-elose'i.r- en-elo'sure, 
1 en-klo'3ur; 2 eu-€lo'ahur, n. The act of en- 
closing; that which encloses or is enclosed. 

en-co'mf-tim, 1 en-kS'mi-um; 2 en-co'mi- 
tim, n. [-UMS* or -a, pl.\ A formal ex- 
pression of praise; a eulogy .— en-co'ml-ast, 
1 en-kO'mi-ast; 2 §n-cd'mi-ast,». A eulogist. 

en-eom'pass*, ) 1 en-kunVpas; 2 en-cdm'- 

en-*cum'pas p , jpas, vt. To encircle; sur- 
round; shut in. -ment, n. 

en"core', 1 onTcor'; 2 an'eSr'. I. vt. & vi. 
[en-cored'; en-cor'inq.] To call for a 
repetition, as of a performance. II. ». 
The call for a repetition, as of a perform- 
ance; also, the repetition itself. III. 
adv. Again; once more. 

W-COUn'ter, 1 en-kaun'ter; 2 en-koun'tSr. 
I* vt. & vi. To come upon; meet face 
to face or in conflict. II. n. A sudden 
or hostile meeting; conflict; battle. 

en-cour'age, 1 en-kur'ij; 2 en-cuVag, vt. 
[-aged; -ag-ino.] To inspire with cour- 
age or hope ; incite ; promote ; countenance. 

— en-cour / age-ment, n. The act of en- 
couraging, or that which encourages. 

en-croadft't, 1 en-krdcV; 2 en-er6ch' t vi. 
To trench on another's limits or rights; in- 
trude; make inroads.— e n - cr o a ch'er, n .— ea- 
eroaehlng-ly, adv.— en-croach'ment, n. 

en-cum'ber, 1 en-kum'ber; 2 en-eun/ber, 
vt. To obstruct; hinder; burden.— en- 
eum'arance, it. That which encumbers; a 
burdensome addition. 

en-cy'do-pe'dl-a, 11 en-sai'klo-pl'cu-e; 2 

en-ey"clo-pee'dt-a, J en-ctf 'elo-pe'di-a, n . 
A work containing information on all 
subjects, or exhaustive of one subject. 

— en-cy*cIo-pe'dle or -paVdle, a. Of or like 
an encyclopedia; erudite; comprehensive. 

W-cyst', 1 en-sistf; 2 en-c£st\ vL & vi. 
[-ctst'ed; -cym'ing.] To envelop or be- 
come enclosed in a sac or cyst, as a bullet 
in the human body. 

•a**, 1 end; 2 end, v. I. U To put an end 
to; come to the end of; finish; terminate; 
kill. EL t. To come to an end; con- 
clude; result.— ending, 1 end'in; 2 ending, 
n. Termination; end; conclusion. 

end, n. 1* The terminal point or part of. 


an object; conclusion; object; purpose; 
result. 2. The close of life.— endless, c 
Having no end. -Iy« adv. -nets, n.— SS*S?« 
wise, adv. With the end foremost or upper- 
most; on end. end'ways*. 

en-dan 'ger, 1 en-den'jsr; 2 en-d&n'gSr, vt. 
To put in danger. 

en-dear', 1 en-cuV; 2 en-der 7 , vL To make 
dear.— en-dearlnent, n. The act of en- 
dearing; an expression of love; a caress. 

en-deav'or, 1 1 en-dev'ar; 2 en-deVor. I* 

en-dev'or 8 , j vt. & vi. To make an effort to 
do; undertake; try. II. n. An attempt 
or effort to do or attain something; ear- 
nest exertion for an end.— en-deav'or-er, n. 

en-demlc, 1 en-dem'ik; 2 en-dSm'ie, a. 
Peculiar to or prevailing in a locality. 

en 'dire, 1 en'div ; 2 en'div, n. A plant or its 
blanched leaves: used as a salad. 

en'do-gen, 1 en'do-jen; 2 en'do-gen, n. 
A plant that increases by growth from 
within. — en -dog' e- 
nous, 1 en-dej'i-nus; 
2 en-dog'e-nus, a. Of 
or pertaining to an 
endogen; growing 
from within, as a 


en-dorset, etc. S 


en-dow', 1 en-dau': 2 ( 
en-dow*, vt. 1* To \ 
provide with a per- 
manent fund or in- 
come. 2* To fur- 1 
nish or equip, 
with natural gifts. * 
— en-dow 'meat, n. 
The act of endowing; 
a fund; gift; talent. 

en-due % 1 en-diu'; 2 
en-dfl'.sf. [bn-duzd'; 
en-du'ingJ. 1. To 
invest, as with spir- 
itual grace. 2. To put 
on; assume; clothe; Leaf and Divided 
invest. Stem of an Endo- 

en-dure', 1 en-diuV; sen, showing char- 
2 en-duV, v. [en- acterlstic structure. 
dttbbd'; bn-dur'ing.] I. t. To bear, as 
pain, without giving way; withstand; suf- 
fer patiently; tolerate. II. t. 1. To have 
duration; continue. 2. To be firm in 
trial.— en-dur'a-ble, o. That may be en- 
dured; bearable.— en-dur'a-aKe-ness?, «.— 
en-dur'a-bly, adv.— en-dur'anee, n. The 
power to endure; fortitude; durability; dura- 

En-dyml-on, 1 en-diml-en; 2 en-dym'l-6n, n. 
Or. Myth. Beautiful youth, forever asleep; 
beloved by Diana. 

1: »» final; is habit; crista; on = out; ell; la = fend; enin; go; n=8fn#; Chin, Gils. 
2; wolf,df ; bdok, boot; full, rule, core, bat, barn; 411, bey; go, gem; ink; thin, flint, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


en'e-ma, 1 en'wne: 2 en'e-ma, n. [-mar» 
or e-nem'a-ta, pi.) Med. An injection. 

•n'e-my, 1 en'i-mi; 2 en'e-my, n. [-mies», 
pi*.] 1. One who cherishes resentment or 
malice; an adversary; foe. 2. One of a 
hostile army or nation; also, such nation 
or army coflectively. 

en'er-glze, 1 en'er-ja«; 2 en'er-glz, vt. & vt. 
[-gized; -giz'ing.] To impel or act with 
energy. en'er-glse$. 

WeMT, 1 en'er-ji; 2 en'Sr-gy, n. [-gies», 
pi.] Power to move or change, or to ac- 
complish a result; vigor; force.— en'er-getle, 
1 en'er-Jet'ik; 2 en'er-get'ie, a. Full of en- 
ergy; forceful: strenuous. en"er-getl-ealt» 
-en"er-get1-cal-ly, adv. 

en'er-vate, 1 en'er-vSt or i-nurVet; 2 
en'er-v&t or e-neVvftt. L«(. [en'er*vat'- 
ed or e-ner'vat-ed; en'eb-vat'ing or 
e^neb'vat-ing.J To deprive of energy or 
vigor; weaken. II. a. Rendered feeble 
or effeminate; . weakened.— en"er-va'tlon, n. 
The act of enervating, or the state of being 
enervated; debility. 

en-feeble, U en-fTM; 2 en-fe*bl v vt. 

en-fee'bl*, J r- B L(E)D»; -bung.] To render 
feeble.— en-fee'ble-ment, n. 

en"fl-lade', 1 en'fi-led': 2 eVfi-l&d', vt. 
[-lad'ed*; -lad'ino.] To rake lengthwise, 
as with shot. 

en-fold', etc. Same as infold, etc. 

en-force t, 1 en-fdrs'; 2 en-fSrc', vt. 1. 
To execute, as laws. 2. To exact or ob- 
tain by force. 3. To urge forcibly; im- 
press.— en-force'ment, n. The act of en- 
forcing, or the state of being enforced. 

en-fran'chise, 1 en-fran'cluz or en-fran'- 
cliaiz; 2 en-fran'chis or en-fran'cblz, tt. 
[-chised; -chis-ing.j 1. To endow with 
a franchise, as the right to vote. 2. To 
set free, as from bondage, -ment, a. 

en-gage', 1 en-gej'; 2 Sn-gag', v. Ten- 
gaged'; en-gag'ing.] L t. 1. To bind 
by promise. 2. To attract. 3. To oc- 
cupy. 4. To join in conflict with. II. i. 
1. To bind oneself by promise. 2. To 
busy oneself. 3. To begin or maintain 
a conflict — en-gaged', pa. 1. Affianced. 2. 
Occupied or busy.— en-gage'ment, n. The 
act of engaging; a betrothal; an obligation; a 
battle- en-gaging, pa. Interesting; win- 

battle.- en-gaging, pa. ] 
ning.-en-gag'lng-lr, adv. 
i-gen'der, 1 en-Jen'der: J 
I. t. To t>ring into exisl 


, 2 Sn-gen'dSr, v. 
ring into existence; produce. 

II* ». To come into being. 
en 'glne, ) 1 en'jin; 2 en'gin, n. A machine 
en'gln», J by which power, as of steam, is 
applied to the doing of work; any power- 
ful mechanism or Instrumentality. - en'glne* 
om"er, n. [Eng.l A locomotive-engineer. 


en'gl-neer', 1 en'ji-nlr'; 2 en'gi-nSr'. I. 
vt. 1. To execute by contrivance. 2. To 

Flan and superintend the construction of. 
I. n. t 1. One versed in or practising en- 
gineering. 2. One who runs an engine.— 
en'gf-neer'lng, n. The art of making, 
building, or using engines, or of designing 
and constructing public works, as roads, rail- 
roads, etc. ' 
En'gllsh, I in'ghsli: 2 In'glish. I. a. Of 
or pertaining to England, its people, or 
its language. II. n. l*j>l. The English 
race collectively. 2. The language of 
England and of the English-speaking peo- 
ples.— En / gUsh-man,En'gltsh-wo' f man,n. 
A man or woman of English race or belong- 
ing to the English people. 
en-grain ', 1 en-gr6n'; 2 en-gran', vt. Same as 


en-grave', 1 en-greV; 2 eu-grav' t vt. [en- 
graved^; en-grav'ing.J To cut or carve, 
as a design on metal; carve figures or in- 
scriptions upon; impress deeply?-^ en-graV- 
er, n. One who engraves.— en-graving, n. 
The act or art of cutting designs on a plate: 
an engraved design, plate, or print. 

en-gross'S 1 en-gr5s'; 2 en-gros', vt. 1. 
To write in a bold, round hand; make a 
formal copy of. 2. To occupy completely; 
absorb.— en-gross'ment, n. 

en-gulf*, I en-gulf; 2 en-gulf, vt. To 
swallow up in or as in a gulf, ln-gulFf. 

en-hance', 1 en-hans'; 2 en-hanc\ vt. & vi. 
[en-hanced'*; en-hanc'ing.] To height- 
en; increase.— en- nance' ment, n. In- 
crease; advance. 

e-nlg'ma, 1 i-nig'me; 2 e-nlg'ma, n. A 
riddle; puzzle.— e"nlg-mat'lc, -l-eal, a. 
Ambiguous; puzzling.— e"nlg-matl-cal-ly, 

en-join', 1 en-jein'; 2 en-join', vt. To 
command; charge; prohibit. 

en-joy', 1 en-jei'; 2 €n-i6y / , vt. & vi. 1. To 
experience joy or pleasure in; receive 
pleasure. 2. To have the use or benefit 
of.— en-Joy'a-bl (e p , a. Giving, or capable of 
giving, enjoyment.— en-Joy'ment, 1 en-jei'- 
ment or -ment; 2 en-Joy'ment, ». The act 
or state of enjoying; pleasure; a source of en- 
joyment. Joy, or satisfaction. 

en-kln'dle,U en-kin'dl; 2 en-kln'dl, vt. To 

en-kln'dl p ,J eeton fire; ktodle. 

en-large'. 1 en-lfiri'; 2 en-Jars', v. [en- 
larged'; en-larg'ing.J I. t. 1. To make 
larger; increase; expand. 2. To set at 
liberty. II. %. 1. To become large or larger 
2. To expatiate.— en-large'ment, n . 

en-llght'en, 1 en-loit'n; 2 en-llt'n, vt. To 
bestow mental or spiritual light upon; 
impart knowledge to .— en-llght'en-ment, 
Moral and intellectual advancement. 


2: «rt.ape, fat,fare, fast, what, all; ine\ get, prey, fern; hit ,Ice;I=6;i=e;go\ndt,*r,wdn, 

Digitized by VjQQQ IC 


en-Hst'** 1 en-listf; 2 en-ltst', v. 1. 1. To 
enroll for service, as in the army; gain 
the interest and assistance of. II. t. To 
engage, as in the military or naval service. 
— en-Ust'ment, n. 

en-11'fen, 1 en-loi'vn; 2 en-ll'vn, vt. To 
make lively or cheerful; give life to; stim- 

en 'ml-ty, 1 en'mi-ti ; 2 en'mi-ty, n. [-ties", 
pi.] The spirit of an enemy; hostility. 

en-no Trie, 1 e-nd'bl; 2 8-n6'bl, vt. [-bled; 
-bljng.1 To make noble; confer a title of 
nobility upon.— en-noTrie-ment, n. 

en"nul', 1 oh'nwl'; 2 an'nwl', n. Listless 
weariness resulting from satiety. 

e-nor'mous, 1 1-neVmus; 2 e-ndr'mtis, a. 
1. Extraordinary in size, amount, or de- 
gree. 2. Wicked above measure; atro- 
cious, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— e-nor'ml-ty, 
n. [-ties*, pi.] Extreme wickedness;, a 
flagrant offense. 

e-nough', lli-nuf; 2 e-nuf. I. a. Ade- 

e-nuf*, j quate; sufficient. II. n. An 
ample supply: a sufficiency. Ill* adv. 
Sufficiently. IV • inter}. It is enough; stop. 

en-outre', etc. Same as inquire, etc. 

en-rage % 1 en-rSi'; 2 en-rag 7 , vt. [en- 
raged'; en-rag'ing.] To throw into a 
/age; exasperate. 

en-rap'ture, 1 en-rap'cTmr or -tiur; 2 en- 
rap'chur or -tur, vt. [-tured; -tur-ing.] 
To fill with rapture; delight exceedingly. 

en-rich'*, 1 en-ridh/; 2 en-rich', vt. To 
make rich; render fertile; improve; adorn. 
— en-rfch'ment, n. 

en-roll \ \ 1 en-rol' ; 2 eu-rfil', vt. To regis- 

en-rol", jter: enlist; record.— en-rol'ment, 
n. 1. The act of enrolling. 9. A record. 
eo-reiTmentt. [way. 

en route, l oh rQt; 2 ah rut. On the road or 

en-eeonee', 1 en-skens'; 2 en-eeonc', vt. 
[en-sconced'*; bn-sconc'ing.] To settle 

en'sem'ble, 1 ah'sah'bl; 2 fin'san'bi, n. 
The parts of a thing taken or viewed to- 
gether as a whole; the general effect. 

en*-*lirltte' f 1 en-slirain'; 2 en-ehrtn', vL 

* To place in or as in a suite; •cherish de- 
voutly; be a shrine for. 

en-shroud ' d , 1 en-sliraud'; 2 en-shroud', vt. 
To cover with a shroud; enwrap; conceal. 

en 'it-form, 1 en'si-ferm; 2 en'si-fdrm, a. 
Sword-shaped, as certain leaves. 

en'glgn, 1 en'sain; 2 en'sln, n. 1. A dis- 
tinguishing flag or banner; standard; 
badge; symbol. 2. A military or naval 

en'st-tage, 1 en'si-lij; 2 en'si-lag, n. The 


process of preserving green fodder in air» 
tight pits; fodder thus preserved, silage;. 

en-stove', 1 en-sleV; 2 en-sl&v', vt. To 
make a slave of: bring Into bondage.— en- 
slave'ment, n. Bondage. 

en-snare % 1 en-snar / ; 2 en-snar', vt. [en- 
snared'; en-snar'ing.] To entrap; in- 
veigle; seduce. 

en-sue', 1 en-siu'; 2 en-stf, vt. <x vt. [en- 
sued'; bn-su'inq.] To follow; result. 

en-sure', v. Same as inbxtre. 

en-tab la-tare, 1 en-tab'le-diur or -tiur: 2 
en-t&b'la-chur or -tur, n. Arch. The 
structure that rests horizontally upon 
the columns and sustains the roof. 

en-tall', 1 en-t6l'; 2 en-tftl'. I. vt. To 
devolve upon a successor; bring upon an- 
other as a consequence or legacy: limit 
by entail. II. n. 1. An inalienable in- 
heritance. 2. An estate limited to a par- 
ticular class of heirs. 3. The act of entail- 
ing, or the state of being entailed.— 
en-tall'ment, n. 

en-t*n'gle, ) 1 en-tan'gl; 2 en-tan'gl, vt. 

en-tan 'gl p , /To catch as in a snare; 
hamper; perplex; tangle: snarl, 

en'ter, 1 en'ter; 2 en'ter, v. 1. 1. 1. To 
come or go into; pass through; penetrate; 
join, as a society. 2. To enroll; record; 
file. II. i. To come or go inward. 

en'ter-prlse, I en'ter-prois; 2 en'ter-prts, 
n. 1. An undertaking; bold or difficult 
attempt. 2. Boldness, energy, and in- 
vention In practical affairs. en'ter-prlset. 
— en'ter-prls"lng, pa. Energetic and pro- 

en'ter- tain', I en'ter-ten': 2 eVter-tan', v. 
I. t. 1. To receive and care for, as a 
guest; amuse; divert. 2. To take into 
consideration; hold, as an opinion. II. i. 
To receive and care for guests.— en"ter- 
talo'er, n.— en'ter-talnlng, a. -ly, adv.— 
en"ter-taln'ment, n. The act of entertain- 
ing; amusement. [enslave. 

en-thrall', 1 en-threl'; 2 en-thraj', vt. To 

en-throne', 1 en-thrdn'; 2 fo-thrdn', vt. 
[en-throned'; en-thron'ing.J To put 
upon a throne; invest with sovereign 
power.— enethrone'meni, n. 

en-thu'sl-asta, 1 en-€hiu'zi-asm; 2 en- 
thu'gi-asm, n. 1. Earnest and fervent 
feeling; ardent seal. 2||. Irrational re- 
ligious ecstasy.— en-thu'sl-ast, n. One 
moved by enthusiasm; an ardent adherent.— 
en-thu'ai-as'tic, a. Given to enthusiasm ; ar- 
dent: sealous.— en-thu"al-as'tl-cal-iy, adv. 

en-tlce'. 1 en-tais'; 2 en-tic', vt. [en- 
ticed'*; en-tic'ing.J To draw, or at- 
tempt to draw (especially into evil); al- 
lure; seduce, -mens, n.— en-ne'er, n. 

I: »s final; is habit; utile; on = out; ell; Hft = feud;4hln; go; nssln^; thin, ttiis. 
*: wolf.d2; book. Mot; full, rule, cure, but, born; 611, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


en-tlre', 1 ea-tair'; 2 en-tlr\ I. a. Com- 
plete; undivided; unqualified; whole. II. 
n. The whole.— en-tlroly, adv.— en-tlre'* 
ness, n. The state of being entire.— en- 
tlre'ty, l en-toirti: 2 en-tir'ty, ». 1. En- 
tlrenesB. J. That which is entire; whole. 

en-ti'tle, 1 en-tai'tl; 2 en-tl'tl, ttf. I^tlbd; 
-tling.J To give a right or title to; au- 
thorise to receive; name; style. 

en'tt-tf, l en'ti-ti; 2 en'ti-ty, n, [-ties*, 
pi] Anything that exists; a real thing or 

en- tomb % 1 en-tOm'; 2 en-4qm', vt. To 
place in a tomb; bury.— en-tomb'ment, n. 

en"to-mol'o-gy, 1 en"to-mel'o-ji; 2 en"- 
to-mfil'o-gy, n. The branch of zoology 
that treats of Insects.— ea'to-mo-lofrl-eal, 
a. en'to-mo-log'lct.— en'to-moro-glst, 
a. A student of entomology. 

•n'tr'acte, 1 an'trfikt; 2 an'trfiet, n. The 
time between two acts of a play or opera, or 
a musical interlude then performed. 

en 'trails, 1 en'trels; 2 en'tralfl, n. pi. The 
internal parts, especially the intestines, of 

an Anirr^l, 

en- trance % 1 en-trans'; 2 en-tranc', vt. 

[eN-TKANCEd'*, Elf-TRANC'lNQ.J 1. To 

transport; enrapture. Z. To throw into 

a tranee.— en-trance'ment, n. 
en 'trance, 1 en'trens; 2 en'tranc, n. 1. 

The act, right, or power of entering. 2. 

A place or passage for entering. 
en-trap '*, 1 en-trap'; 2 en-trap' t vL To 

catch in or as in a trap; ensnare. 
en- treat" 1 , 1 en-tiff; 2 en-treV, vt. To 

solicit earnestly; supplicate — en-treaty, n. 

[-HBS*. pi.] An earnest request; supplication. 
en'tree', 1 ontrC; 2 &ntre/, it. 1. The act 

or privilege of entering; admission. 2. A 

dish between courses. 
on- trench'S i en-trencn'; 2 en-trench', v. 

1. 1. 1. To protect, as by a trench. 2. 

To make a trench or trenches in. IL i. 

To encroach; trespass, In-trench'*.— en- 

trench'ment, n. The act of entrenching; a 

breastwork; defense; protection, ln-trencn'- 

en-trust'S 1 en-trust'; 2 en-trust', vt. 1. 

To give in trust. 2* To place in charge. In- 
en 'try, 1 en'tn; 2 ftn'try, nl Ien'tries", 

pi.] 1. The act of entering; entrance; 

enrolment. 2. A place of entrance; a 

small hallway. 
en-twine', 1 en-twoin'; 2 en-twin', vt. & vi. 

To twine round; twine or twist together. 
en-twist' d , 1 en-twist'; 2 en-4wfet', vt. To 

twist; intertwist. 
e-nu'mer-ate, 1 l-niO'mer-et; 2 e-nu'mer- 

at, vt. [-AT"ED d ; -at'ino.1 To name one 


by one; count.— e-nu"mer-a'tlon, n. A 
counting; number; list. 

e-nun 'el-ate, 1 i-nun'si-et; 2 e-nun'ci- 
at, vt. & vi. . [-AT"BD d ; -at'ino.] To ar- 
ticulate; utter; speak.— e-nun'd-a'tton, l 
l-nun'si-e'shen; 2 e-nun 'cl-fi'shon, n. The 
utterance, or mode of utterance, of vocal 
sounds; definite statement.— e-nun'd-a- 
ttv(e*, a. e-nun'cl-a-to-ryj. 

en-vel'op*, \l en-vel'ep; 2 en-vel'op, 

en-vel'ope*, / vt. To surround as a wrap- 
per; enclose.— en-vel'op-ment, n. 

en-vel'op, ) 1 en-vel'ep, en-vel'op or en'vi- 

en-vel'ope, jl5p; 2 en-vei'op, fcn-vel'dp or 
en've-lop, n. A wrapper of paper with 
gummed edges, as for enclosing a letter; 
any enclosing covering. 

en-ven'om, 1 en-ven'em; 2 en-ven'om, vt. 
To poison; render vindictive. 

en'vi-ous, 1 en'vi-us; 2 en'vi-os, o. Cher- 
ishing envy; characterized by envy, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n — en'vl-*-W(e p , a. To be 
envied; desirable.— en'rl-a-bly, adv. 

en-vfron, 1 en-vai'ren; 2 en-vi'ron. vt To 
enclose; surround.— en-Fl'ron-ment, n. The 
act of environing; whatever environs; one's 
surroundings collectively.— en-rTrons, n. pi. 
The surrounding region; outskirts; suburbs. 

en 'voy, 1 en'vei ; 2 en' v6y, n. A diplomatic 
agent below an ambassador; a mes- 

en'vy, 1 en'vi; 2 en'vy. I* vt. A vi. Tbn'- 
vied, *1 en'vid, 2 en'vid; en'vy-ino.] 1. 
To regard with envy; feel envy; covet; 
grudge. 2. To admire and covet with- 
out ill will. II. n. [en'vies*, pL] 1. Bit- 
terness or hatred in view of what another 
enjoys ; envious desire. 2* A worthy long- 
ing for a good possessed by another, with- 
out ill will toward the possessor. 3. An 
object of envy. 

E-oli-an, ) 1 Mli-en; 2 6-5li-an, a. 1. 

JE-oll-an, / Pertaining to JSolus, the god 
of the winds. 
2. [e-] Per- 
taining to the 
winds; pro- 
duced, moved, 
or borne by 
the wind; aeri- 
al.— e o 1 1 a n 
harp, e. lyre, 
a stringed in- 
strument that 
gives forth musical sounds when exposed to 
a current of air. 

e'on, ) 1 fen: 2 e*5n, n. An incalculable 

SB 'on, j period of time; an age; eternity. 

ep'au-let, 1 ep'e-let; 2 ep'a-tet, n. A 
fringed shoulder-ornament of 


• 6,6 6. bridges; ft 
i; d, d, d, rases. 


2: Xrt,ape,fat^ai^fast,wh4t > 5U;me;g*t,prej > fern; hit,Ice;I=S;is:e;gO,ndt,dr,wen t 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


stoned officers: now rarely worn. ep'au- 

e-phem'er-al, 1 1 l-fem'er-el; 2 e-fem'er-al, 

e-fem'er-aJp, J a. laving one day only, aa 
May-flies; hence, transitory. 

eph'od, l efed; 2 efod, n. A Jewish priestly 

•pic, 1 ep'ik; 2 epic I. a. Of, pertaining 
to, or like an epic; heroic. II* n. A poem 
celebrating in stately verse the achieve- 
ments of heroes; a heroic poem. 

ep'Kcure, 1 ep'i-kiur; 2 ep'i-eQr, n. One 
given to dainty indulgence in the plea- 
sores of the table.— Ep"i-cu-re / an, l ep V 
Wu-rTen; 2 ep'i-eu-re'an. L a. 1. Per- 
taining to the Greek philosopher Epicurus 
or to his doctrine that pleasure Is the chief 
good. 3. [e-1 Of, pertaining to, or like an 
epicure. II. n. 1. A follower of Epicurus. 
%. [e-] A pleasure-seeker; an epicure. 

ep^i-dem'Ic, 1 ep'i-dem'ik; 2 ep'i-dem'ie. 
I. a. Med. Affecting many in a commu- 
nity at once. IL n. Wide-spread dis- 
ease, excitement, influence, etc. 

ep/T-der'mis, 1 epVddr'mis; 2 ep'i-der'- 
mis, n. The cuticle, or outer skin. 

ep"l-glot'tls, 1 ep'i-glet'is; 2 ejp'i-flftt'is, n. 
[-ot-dbs, 1 -i-dls; 2 -i-d6g, pi.] The leaf- 
ahaped lid that covers the larynx'during 
the act of swallowing. 

ept-gram, 1 ep'i-gram; 2 ep'i-gram, n. A 
pithy saying or brief poem.— ep"l-gram- 
matlc, ep"l-gram-matf -cal, a. Pertain- 
ing to or marked by epigram; witty; anti- 
thetical— epl-gram-matl-cal-ly, adv. 

ep'i-lep-sy, 1 ep'i-lepnsi; 2 ep'i-lep-sy, n. 
A chrome nervous disease characterized 
by convulsions or fits. — ep"l-lep'tte* L. a. 
Pertaining to or affected with epilepsy. II. 
n. One affected with epilepsy. 

epl-log, )lep'i-leg;2ep'i-16g, n. The 

epl-loglie, / conclusion, as of a discourse, 
poem, or play; a concluding speech. 

C-plph'a-ny, 1 1-piF a-ni; 2 e-plf'a-ny, n. 
1. [E-] A festival (Jan. 6) in commemo- 
ration of the visit of the Magi to Bethle- 
hem. 3. Any bodily manifestation, as of 
a deity. 

•-pis 'co-pal, 1 l-pfe'ko-pdl: 2 e-pXs'co-pal, 
a. Of or pertaining to bishops; governed 
by bishops.— e-pls'co-pa-cr, l i-pis'ko-ps- 
n; 2 e-pis'eo-pa-cy, n. 1. Government by 
bishops, 3. A bishop's office. 3. The body 
of bishops.— J5-pl8"co- ( pa'Jlaiu 1 i-ptrko- 
piKyan; 2 e-pfc*e<H*l'yan. La. 1. Per- 
taining to the Protestant Episcopal Church. 
3. [e-1 Episcopal. IL n. 1. A member of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church. 2. [e-1 
Aft advocate of episcopacy — e-pi»'co-pate, 
1 i-pfrko-pSt; 2 e-pls'eo-pfit, n. The office 
of a bishop; a bishopric; the body of bishops. 


■ i 

ep'i-sode, 1 ep'i-eod; 2 ep'i-socl, n. An 
incidental story; incident. 

e-pls'tle, 1 i-pis'1; 2 e-pls'l, n. A letter. 
— e-pls'to-la-ry, 1 l-pls'to-ie-n; 2 e-pis'to- 
lft-ry, a. Belonging or suitable to correspon- 
dence by letter. 

ep '1-taph, \ 1' ep'i-toi ; 2 ep'i-taf , n. An in- 

epl-tai*, Jscription, as on a tomb, in 
memory of the dead. 

ep'i-thet, 1 ep'i-fhet; 2 ep'i-the't, n. A 
descriptive phrase or word, good or bad, 
added to a noun. 

e-pit'o-me, 1 l-pit'o-ml; 2 e-plt'o-me\ n. 
A summary.— e-plt'o-mlse or -mlse, vt. A 
vU [-iozed; -miz'ino.] To make an epitome. 

ep"i-zo-ot'lc, 1 ep"i-z6-et'ik; 2 ep"i-zd-5t'- 
ic, n. An epidemic disease of animals. 

ep 'och, 1 ep' ek; Z ep'oe, n. An important 
point or memorable period of history; era. 

e'qua-ble, > 1 fkwo-bl; 2 elcwa-bl, o. Uni- 

e'qua-bl p , /form; regular; even; steady. 
-e"qua-bU1-ty, 1 iTcwo-bil'i-tt; 2«'kwa- 
bfl'l-ty, n. Evenness, as of temper or action. 
e'qua-bl(e-nes8 p $.— e'qua-bly, ado. 

e'qual, 1 I'kwel; 2 6'kwal. I. t*. [e'- 
qualeo or e'qualled, e'quald 8 ; e'qual- 
ing or E / QUAii-LiNG.J To be or become 
equal to; make equal; equalize. II. a. 1. 
Exactly corresponding in magnitude or 
value; neither greater nor less. 2. EquaW 
ble. 3. Adequate. 4. Equitable; just. III. 
n. A person or thing equal to another; 
one of the same rank. -ly, adv. -ness, n — 
e-qual'1-ty, 1 l-kwel'i-ti; 2 e-kwal'1-ty, n. 
prna*, pl.\ The state of being equal; exact 
agreement; uniformity.— e"qual-l-xa'Uon or 
-sa'tton, n. The act of equalising.— e'qual- 
lae or -Ise, vt. [-bbd; -izInq.J To make 

e"qua-nlm'l-ty, 1 iTcwe-nim'i-ti; 2 C- 
kwa-nlm'i-ty, n. Evenness of mmd or 
temper; composure; calmness. 

e-qna'tlon, 1 l-kwe'snsn; 2 e-kwa'ahon, n. 
A proposition expressing the equality of 
two quantities.— e-quate', 1 l-kwet'; 2 e- 
kwat'. vt. In-QUAT'ind; b-quat'ing.] To 
make equal; represent as equivalent; put 
Into the form of an equation. 

e-qua'tor, 1 l-kwg'ter or -tor; 2 c-kw&'tor, 
n. A great circle of a globe, as the earth, 
midway between the poles.— e yf qna-to / rt- 
al, l rkwe-Wn-el; 2 fi'kwa-to'rl-al.o. 

eq'uer-ry, 1 ek'wer-i; 2 afw5r-y, n. 
[-RIE8*, pi.] An officer having charge of 
the horses of a nobleman. 

e-ques'trl-aii, 1 i-kwes / ta-sn; 2 e-kw$a^ 
triran. 't*, a. Pectaining to horses -oT 
horsemanship. IL n. One skilled in 
horsemanship; a horseman. 

1: » = final; i = habit; cdale; cm as out; oil; 10 = fe*d; cliin; go; o=«^; €hin, ttiia. 
9: wflf l dt;bAk t bAt;f^n|le,c«re,bd^bttra;«il,b«j;^ 

* Digitized by CjOOQLC 


•'quH 1 f kwi-; 2 CkwK * A combining form 
signifying equal; as, equidistant. 

e"qul-»n'gu-lar, 1 iTswi-ar/giu-ler; 2 €"- 
kwi-an'gu-lar, a. Having equal angles. 

e"qul-dls'taiit, 1 iTcwi-dis'tent; 2 S'kwi- 
dis'tant, a. Situated at equal distances 
from a point or from each other. 

e"qul-Ut'er-al, 1 rkwi-lat'er-el: 2 6"kwi- 
l&t'er-al, a. Having all the sides equal. 

e"qul-li 'bra-tor, 1 I'kwi-lai'bre-ter; 2 «'- 
kwi-tt'bra-tor, n. A device for establish- 
ing or restoring equilibrium, as in an 
aeroplane or dirigible balloon. 

e^qul-llb'rl-um, 1 iTcwi-lib'n-um; 2 €Tcwi- 
Hb'ri-iim, n. Even poise or balance. 

e'qulne, 1 1'kwain or I'kwin; 2 fi'kwln or 
g Irwin, a. Of, pertaining to, or like a horse. 

e'qul-nox, 1 I'kwi-neks; 2 e'kwwriks, n. 
One of two points at which the sun crosses 
the equator, when the days and nights are 
equal ; also, the time of this crossing (about 
Mar. 21 and Sept. 22).-e"qul-noc / tial, i 
I'kwi-nek'slial; 2 e'kwi-nccfehal. L a. Oc- 
curring at or pertaining to the equinox. II. 
n. 1. A severe storm occurring at or near 
the equinox. 2. The equator. 

e-qulp', 1 i-kwip'; 2 e-kwXp', vt. [e- 
quipped'*, B-Quiirr 8 ; e-quip'ping.J To 
furnish; fit out; dress; array.— e-quip'ment, 
n. The act of equipping, or the state of being 
equipped; a complete outfit. 

eq'ul-page, 1 ek'wi-pij; 2 eVwi-pag, n. 
1. Equipment. 2. A carriage, with its 
horses, attendants, etc.; retinue. 

e'qnl-polse, 1 I'kwi-peiz; 2 S'kwi-pftig, n. 
1. Equality, as of weight and power; equi- 
librium. 2. A counterpoise. 

eq'ul-ty, 1 ek'wi-ti; 2 Sk'wi-ty, n. [-ones", 
pi.] Fairness; impartiality ; equal justice. 
— eq'ui-ta-bKeP, a. Impartial; Just; fair. 
-ness. n — eq'ul-ta-Wy, adr. 

e-qutv'a-lent, 1 l-kwiv'e-lent; 2 e-kwfv'a- 
lent. I* a. Equal in value, area, force, 
meaning, or the Eke. II. n. That which 
is equivalent.— e-qulr'a-lence, n. e-qulr'- 

e-qulv'o-cal, 1 l-kwivVkal; 2 e-kwXv'o- 
eal, a. Having a doubtful meaning; am- 
biguous; questionable, -ly, adv. •ness, *•— 
e-qulT'o-cate, 1 i-kwlv'o-kgt; 2 e-kwlv'o- 
eftt. vt. i-CAT'End; -cat'ing.J To use am- 
biguous language with Intent to deceive.— 
e-qulv"o-ca'tIon, n. The act of equivo- 
cating.— e-qiilv'o-ca"tor, it.— eq'ul-voke, 
eq'ut-voque, l ek'wi-vCk; 2 Sk'wi-v6k, n. 
An equivocal term; a play upon words. 

•er, suffix. Used (1) to form nouns of agency; 
as, maker, knocker, pensioner, etc.; (2) to 
form the comparative degree; as, larger, 
longer; (3) to form frequentative and dimin- 
utive verbs; as, flutter (from float). 


e'ra, 1 1'ra; 2 e^ra, n. A period dating from 
a fixed epoch; as, the Christian era. 

e-rad'1-cate, 1 i-rad'i-k§t:2 e-rtWi-eat, vU 
[-cat'ed«; -cat'ing.J To root out; ex- 
tirpate.— e-rad"l-ca'tlon, n. 

e-rase', 1 i-res'; 2 e-ras', vt. [u-BA»W) /t ; 
b-ras'ing.] To obliterate, as by scraping 
out; efface.— e-ras'er, It-res' or; 2 e-ras'er, 
n.— e-ra'sure, l i-rCsur; 2 e-rft'xbur, n. 
The act of erasing; anything erased. 

ere, 1 ar; 2 er, prep. & conj. Sooner than; 
before; rather than.— ere ff long # , adv. Ere 
long; before long. 

e-rect', 1 i-rekt'; 2 e-rect'. l d . vt. To 
set upright ; build ; establish ; exalt. II. a. 
Upright; vertical. Ay 9 adv. -ness,n. 

e-rec'tton, 1 Mek'slien; 2 e-reVshon, n. 
The act of erecting, or the state of being 
erected; a building or structure. 

er'e-mlte, 1 ert-malt; 2 eVe-mlt, n. A 

er'go-ffraph, 1 ©r'go-graf : 2 eVgo-graf. n. An 
instrument used as an index of mental ex- 
citement, fatigue, etc. 

ei'mlne, \ 1 ur'min; 2 eVmin, n. 1. Awes- 

ei'mln*, > sel-like carnivore, especially in 
its winter dress of white, with black tail* 
tip. 2. Its fur, used in Europe 
for the facings of official robes, 
as of judges; hence, the judicial, 
office, or its ideal purity. — ^ 

e»ro / 8lon 9 1 l-ro'jen; 2 e- 
rd'zhon, n. The wearing , 
away of rocks, as by J 

e-rot'Ic, 1 l-ret'ik; 
2 e-rftt'ie, a. Amo~* 
rous; amatory. Ermine. l fv 

err, 1 ur; 2 fir, vi. 
[erred, brd 8 ; err'xng.] To wander from 
the truth or right; mistake; sin. 

er'rand, 1 er'end; 2 eVand, n. A mes- 
sage or commission; also, the going to carry 
or accomplish it. 

er'rant, 1 er'ent; 2 eVant, a. Wandering;, 

er-ra'ta, n. Plural of erratum. 

er-rattc, 1 e-rat'ik; 2 6-rat'ic, a. De- 
viating from the wise, natural, or usual 
course; irregular; eccentric; wandering; 
straying. er-rat'1-ealt. 

er-ra'tum, 1 e-rS'tum; 2 S-ra'tom, n. [-ta, 
pi.] An error, as in writing or printing. 

er-ro'ne-ous, 1 e-rS'm-us; 2 ft-r5'ne-tts, 
a. Marked by error; mistaken, -if, adv. 
•ness, n. 

er 'ror, 1 er'er ; 2 gr'or, n. A mistake ; fault; 

ergt, 1 5rst; 2 8rst, adv. 1. Formerly; 

l;«rtistic. Art; fat, fire; fast ;get, priy ; bit, po!Ice;obey t g«;net,«r;fall,r*le;bPt,bOrii. 
2:a^ape,fat,fare,f»8t 1 what T ftU;me,get,prej,fern;h^Iw;I« 

Digitized by LjOOQ LC 


long ago; once. 2. In the beginning.— 

erst'whlle", adv. 
e"roc-ta't*on, 1 fruk-tfi'slien; 2 6'rne-ta'- 

ahon, n. The throwing off of gas from the 

stomach; belching — e-ructf, e-ruc'tate, vt. 
er'n-dlto, 1 erWoit; 2 eVu-dlt, a. 

Lea r ned; scholarly. -ly, adv. -ness, ».— 

er*o-di'tt©n, l er*u-dish'an; 2 er'u-dlsh'- 

on, n. Complete and various scholarship. 
e-rapt' d , 1 i-rupt'; 2 e-rttpt', vL& vi. To 

burst or cause to burst forth.— c-rup'tlon, 

n. 1. A breaking forth, as of a volcano, with 

violence. 3. That which bursts forth, as lava 

from a volcano. 3. A breaking out, as In 

a ra sh. 
e-rop'tlve, 1 1 l-rup'trv; 2 e-rtip'tiv, a. Per- 
e-rup'tiv*, J taining or tending to eruption. 
-ery, ntfte. Denoting a business, place of 

business, etc.; as, confectionery. 
er"y-slp'e-las, 1 er'i-eip'i-les; 2 er'y-dp'e- 

las, ». An inflammatory disease of the 

e*"ea-lade', 1 esTee-led'; 2 es'ca-lad\ I. 

vL l-LAx/mod; -lad'inq.I To scale, as a 

wall. II. n. Passing ox ramparts, etc., 

by scaling. 
es'ca-la"tor, 1 esTce-lC'ter or -tor; 2 fes'ca- 

Ift'tor, n. A moving stairway. 
es-eallop, ». A n. Same as scallop. 
es'ea-pade, l esTcs-pSd; 2 &r*ea-pfid, ». A 

mischievous prank. 
ea-«ape\ 1 es-kep'; 2 es-e&p', v. [eb- 

capm>'*; es-cap'ingJ I. f. To flee and 

get away from. IL i. To succeed in 

getting away from something; also, to 

elude notice* 
es-eape', n. t> A successful 

flight; deliverance from 

some evil. 2. Issue, as of a 

fluid; leakage. 
ea-cape'ment, 1 ea-kep'- 

ment or -merit; 2 es-cap'- 

ment, n. 1, A device used 

in timepieces for securing 

a uniform movement. 2, 

The act of escaping. 
M-cbew', I es-dhu'; 2 es-chu', 

vL To shun, as something . . 

unworthy. Anchor Es- 

es-cort'd, 1 es-kert'; 2 es- ^2SSS? tof 

eorf, at. To accompany » Watch. 

and guard; conduct; con-. «. anchor; l, 

vo • lerer or fork; 

ea'eort, 1 eVkert; 2 ^cdrt, & : ^tck& 
n. A guard accompanying a pallet; r, roller 
person or property in trans- opermtin* the 
it; an attendant; Mrfe-baJ* 000- ** 6 *!'- 
roard; protection. •.escape-wheel. 

teMcfre', 1 ea'kri-twar'; 2 eVcri-twaV, 
A secretary; writing-desk. 



es'eu-Jent, 1 esTriu-lent; 2 es'eu-lent, a. 
Suitable for food; edible. 

es-cutch'eon, 1 es-kudh'en; 2 es-euoh'on, 
n. A heraldic shield. 

Es Id-mo, 1 es'kwnd; 2 eVki-md, n. [-mob, 
7>J.] One of the American natives of north- 
ern North America: 'also used adjeotively. 
Estd-mani; Es'qiil-maut I-maox, pi.]. 

e-soph'a-gus, > li-sef'8-go*;2e-60f'a-tas, 

oe-soph'a-gus, / n. The tube through which 
food passes from the mouth to the stom- 
ach; the gullet. 

es'o-ifor'le, 1 es'o-4er / ik; 2 eVo-teVic, o. 
Confined to a select circle; confidential. 

— es'o-terl-eal-ly, adv. 

es-paller, l es-pal'ysr; 2 es-pal'ytr, n. A 
trellis on which to train small fruits. 

es-pe'clal, 1 es-pesVdl; 2 es-pesh'al, a. 
Exceptional; noteworthy; special.— es-pe'- 
elal-Iy, oda. Preeminently; particularly. 

es-pl'tJ, I es-poi'el; 2 es-pl'al, n. The 
action of a spy; a watching in secret. 

es'pi-o-iiage, 1 es'pi-o-mj ; 2 es'pi-o-nag, n. 
The practise of spying; offensive sur- 

es"pla-nade', 1 es'ple-nfid'; 2 eVpla-nad', 
n. A level open space, as before a fortress* 
for promenading. 

ea-pouse', 1 es-paus'; 2 es-pous', vt. [es- 
poused*; es-poub'inq.J 1. To marry; 
engage or bestow in marriage. 2. To be- 
come an advocate of, as a cause or claim. 

— es-pov'sal, 1 es-pau'ssl; 2 es-nou'sal. I. a. 
Of or pertaining to a betrothal or a marriage. 
II. n. The act of espousing ; marriage. 

es-py% I es-poi'; 2 es-pf, v. [es-pieo'; eb- 
py/iNG.l I* t. To get sight of; discover; 
observe. II. t. To keep close watch. 

Es'qul-mau, 1 eeTa-mO; SesTd-mo, ». Same 
as Eskimo. 

es-quire', 1 es-kwcuV; 2 ea-kwlr', n. 1. 
A title of office or courtesy. Z. [Eng.) 
A landed proprietor; squire. S|. A 
knight* s attendant. [tempt. 

es-say', 1 e-ee'; 2 «-«&', vt. To try; at- 

es'say, 1 es'C; 2 eV&, n. 1. A composition 
on some special subject. 2. An endeav- 
or; attempt; effort.— es'say-tet, 1 ee'e-lst; 
2 es'ft-Ist, n. 1. A writer of essays. 2. One 
who makes an attempt. 

es'seneey I es'ens; 2 es'enc, n. 1. The 
intrinsic nature of anything. 2* Being or 
existence; a spiritual being. 8. A solu- 
tion, as of an essential oil in alcohol. 4. 
Perfume; scent.— es-sen'ttai, l e-sen'shaf; 
2e-8en'shal. I. a. Pertaining to the essence 
of anything; real; requlstte; necessary. II. 
n. That which is essential or characteristic; 
a necessary element — e s-sen'ttaHy, adv. 

es- tab light, 1 es-tab'Uih; 2 es-t&Vliah, vt. 

1: » = final; 1 = habit; tdsle; an = out; ail; HI = fetid; ifliin; go; rj = sln#; thin, this. 
S: welf.d^; bdtk, b«ot; f^ll, mto, cure, bdt, Wlrn; All, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



To fix firmly; prove; verify; ratify; sanc- 
tion, -er, n.— es-tabtlsh-ment, n. The 
act of establishing; that which Is established; 
a residence orplajeof business; an organi- 

es-tate', 1 es-teV; 2 cs-tat', n. 1. One's 
entire property; a tract of land; property 
left alter death. 2. Condition; rank; 
dignity; means. 3. A class or order in a 

es-tecm', 1 es-tlm'; 2 cs-t6m'. I. vt. 1. To 
prize. 2. To hold in estimation; value; 
estimate. II. n. Favorable opinion, as 
that based on moral worth. 

es-tnet'lc, 11 es-ihet'ik; 2 es-theYie, a. 

«es-thet'Ic, J Pertaining to or loving the 
beautiful; artistic— es-tbetlcs, ses-thet'- 
Ics, 1 es-thet'iks; 2 es-thet'ies, n. The scl- 
euce of beauty and taste; knowledge of the 
fine arts. • 

es'ti-ma-ble, VI es'ti-ms-bl; 2 es'ti-ma- 

es'tt-ma-bl p , Jbl, a. 1. Deserving of es- 
teem. 2. Capable of being estimated.— 
es'tl-ma-bly, adv. 

es'tl-mate, 1 es'ti-mCt: 2 es'ti-mat. I. rf. 
[-MAT*ED d ; -mat'ing.J To form a general 
opinion about; compute; rate. II. 1 es'- 
ti-m§t; 2 es'ti-mat, n. A valuation based 
on opinion.— es"tt-ma'tion, l es"ti-m5 / - 
Shsn; 2 estl-mft'shon, n. 1. The act of 
estimating; an estimate. 2. Esteem; re- 

estrange'. 1 es-trenj'; 2 es-trang', vt. [es- 
TRANOEn'; es - tranq ' INC.] To make 
strange or distant; alienate.— es-trange'- 
ment, n. 

•s-tray', 1 es-tr€'; 2 es-tra', n. Law. A 
stray or unclaimed domestic beast. 

es'tu-a-ry, 1 es'dhu-[or -tiu-le-n; 2 es'chu- 
[or -tu-Ja-ry, n. [-ries*, pi) A wide low- 
er part of a tidal river. 

-et. A diminutive suffix. 

e*ta"gere', 1 t'Ui'&r'; 2 fita'sber\ n. An 
ornamental stand with shelves; a what-not. 

etch 1 , ) 1 ecTi; 2 ech, vU & ri. To engrave 

ech p , )by moans of a corrosive fluid. — 
etcb'lng, 1 eeli'ig; 2 echoing, n. 1. A proc- 
ess of engraving by means of the biting of 
an acid. 2. An Impression from an etched 

e-ter'nal, 1 l-tuVnel; 2 e-teVnal, a. Hav- 
ing neither beginning nor end; everlast- 
ing; timeless; pertaining to eternity.— e-ter'- 
naJ-ly, adv. Forever. 

e-ter'nl-ty, 1 1-tuVm-ti; 2 e-teVni-ty, n. 

{-ties*, pi.] 1. Infinite duration; end- 
ess time; immortality. 2. That which is 
eternal or immortal. 
e'ther, 1 1' flier; 2 6'ther, n. 1. A colorless 
volatile liquid, used as an anesthetic. 2. 

A supposed medium filling all space, and 
transmitting the vibrations of light, heat, 
and electricity. S. The upper air. 

e-the're-aJ, 1 i-£hl'n-sl; 2 e-th€'re-al, o. 
Having the nature of ether or air; light; 
atry; subtile; aerial.— e-tbe're-al-lse or 
-ise, vt. & vt. To make or become ethereal: 
spiritualize.— e'ther-lze or -Ise, vt. To 
subject to the influence of ether. 

eth'1-cal* 1 eth'i-kal; 2 Sth'i-eal, a. Per- 
taining or relating to ethics or morals. 

— ethT-cal-ly, adv. 

eth 'Ics, 1 eth'iks; 2 Sth'ics, n. The science 
of human duty; moral science; the prin- 
ciples of right action; also, a treatise on 
the science. 

E"thI-o'pI-an, 1 I"£hi-6'pi-sn; 2 S'thi- 
5'pi-an. I. a. Pertaining to Ethiopia; 
African; negro. II. n. 1. A negro. 2. 
A native of Ethiopia, an ancient region 
south of Egypt, including modern Nubia, 
Abyssinia, etc. .CtbJ-op*; A'thl-o'pl- 
anj: E'thi-opt. 

et'I-quette", 1 et'i-ket"; 2 et'i-keV, n. 
The usages of polite society. 

6"tude', 1 6'tud'; 2 e/tild', n. A study; an 
exercise; a musical composition for practise. 

efy-mol'o-gy, i et"i-mero-ji; 2 St'y- 
mfil'o-gy, n. [-gies", pi.] 1. That branch 
of philology which treats of the deriva- 
tion of words; derivation, as of a word. 
2. The branch of grammar that treats 
of the parts of speech.— efy-mo-logl-eal, 
a. et*y-roo-log J lct.- efy-mo-logl-caJ- 
ly, adv.— efy-mol'o-gbrt, u. A student of 

eu^ca-lyp'tus, 1 yGTca-lip'tus; 2 yu'ea- 
lyp'tiis, n. An evergreen tree of the 
myrtle family which grows, in Australia, 
to a height of 400 or 500 feet. 

eu'eha-rist, 1 yfyke-rist; 2 yu'ca-rTst, n. 
1. The Lord's Supper; the holy sacra- 
ment; the communion of the body and 
blood of Christ. 2. Hence, the bread 
and wine in the communion.— eu'eha-ris'- 
tic, a. eu"cha-rts'tl-calj. 

eu'ehre, 1 yfi'ker; 2 yy/eer. I. vt. [eu / - 
chbed; eu'chrinq.j In the game of 
euchre, to check (an opponent); outwit: 
defeat. II. n. 1. A game of cards played 
by from two to six persons. 2. The act 
of euchring or of being euchred. 

eulo-gy, l yQ'lo-ji; 2 yu'lo-gy, n. [-gibs*, 
7>/.l A discourse in praise of a person. 
eu-lo'gl-umi.— eulogist, n. The author 
of a eulogy; one who speaks in high praise. 

— eu'to-gls'tle, a. Laudatory. eu"lo-gls'- 
tl-calt-— eulo-gte'tl-cal-ly, adv. — eulo- 
gise, vt. [-qized; -giz'ino.) To speak or 
write a eulogy upon, eu'lo-glsej. 

1 : artistic, Art; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; bit, police ; obey, gd ; not,6r ; fall, rQle ; but, born. 
8: mH,ipe,fat,f&]^fast,wha^|iU;me;g^t,pr{y t fern; hlt,lce;kc6;i=e;g0,ndt,dr.w6n. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



eu'nuch, 1 yu'nuk; 2 yu'niic, n. An 
Oriental palace official; a chamberlain. 

eu'phe-mism, 1 yu'fwnizm; 2 yu'fe- 
ml§m, n. A mild expression for some- 
thing disagreeable.— eu"phe-mls'tlc, a. 

eu'pho-ny , ) 1 yu'fo-ni; 2 yu'fo-ny, n. 

eu'fo-ny*, j[-nies*, pZ.l 1. Agreeable- 
ness of sound. 2. Well-sounding com- 
bination of words.— en-phon'lc, 1 yu-fen'- 
ik; 2 yu-fon'ie, a. Pertaining to euphony; 
euphonious.— ea-pho'ni-ous, l yu-f6'ni- 
us; 2 yu-fo'nl-us, a. Characterized by 
euphony; weU-aounmng, as a word. 

eu-re'ka, 1 yu-rTke; 2 yu-re'ka, interj. I 
have found (it): a cry of exultation over 
a discovery, said to have been uttered by 
Archimedes, on discovering how to find the 
amount of alloy in the crown of Hiero, 
tyrant of Syracuse. 

Eu'ro-pe'an, 1 yu'ro-pfen; 2 yu-ro-pe'an. 

1. a. Relating to or derived from Europe. 
II. n. One of a European race. 

e-vac'u-ate, 1 i-vak'yu-et; 2 e-v&e'yu-at,*. 
[-AT*Bi>d; -at'ing.J Tu t. 1. To with- 
draw from, as a fortress; vacate; make 
empty. 2. To eject or discharge, as from 
the bowels. II. i. To pass or flow out. 

— e-TaCu-ft'tion, 1 i-vak"yu-e'shen; 2 e- 
vae'yu-&'shon, n. The act of evacuating or 
that which is evacuated. 

e-vade', 1 i-ved'; 2 e-vad', vt. [b-vad'ed 4 ; 
e-vad'inq.] To avoid by artifice; elude. 

ev'a-nes'cent, 1 ev'e-nes'ent; 2 ev"a- 
nes'ent, o. Passing away, or liable to 
pass away, gradually; fading; fleeting. 

— ev"a-nes'cence, n. 

e- van 'gel, 1 l-van'jel; 2 e-van'gel, n. Good 
news; a gospel.— ev^an-gell-cal. I. a. 
Pertaining to the gospel or to its fundamen- 
tal doctrines; spiritually minded. II. n. 
One who holds evangelical doctrines. ev"an- 
gei'lej.- er"an-gell-cal-ly, adv.— e-van'- 
gel-lsm, n. Zeal in spreading the gospel.— 
e-ran'gel-Ist, n. 1. A traveling revivalist. 

2. One of the four writers of the Gospels. 
e-vap'o-rate, 1 l-vap'o-rSt; 2 e-vap'o-r&t, 

vt. 6 vi. [-BAT"ED d ; -bat'ing.] To turn 
into vapor, as by heat; dry; pass off like 
vapor.— e-vap"o-ra'tion, n. The Act or 
process of evaporating.— e-vap'o-ra"tor, n. 
An apparatus for drying substances, as 

e-ta'slon, 1 i-vS'sen; 2 e-v&'zhon, n. The 
act, means, or result of evading; equivo- 
cation; subterfuge.— e-va'8iv(e», a. Tend- 
ing or seeking to evade; marked by evasion. 
-ljr, adv. -ness, n. 

•?«, 1 Iv; 2 ev, n. 1. The evening before a 
festival; evening or time immediately pre- 
ceding any event. 2, [Poet.] Evening. 

e'ren, 1 fvn; 2 fi'vn. I. vt.&vi. To make 

or become even or level; balance. II. a. 

1. Free from inequalities; level; uniform; 
equal. 2. Divisible by 2 without remain- 
der. III. n. [Archaic or Poet.] Evening; 
eve. IV. adv. To a like degree; at the very 
time; fully; quite; so far as; evenly. -Iy» 
adv. -ness, n.— e'ren-tlde", n. Evening. 

eve'ning, 1 Iv'nin; 2 eVning, n. The 
closing part of the day. 

e-vent', 1 i-vent'; 2 e-vent', n. 1. Any- 
thing that happens. 2. The result of 
any action. 3. A contingent occurrence. 
4. One incident in a series, as of games. 

— e-rent'ful, a. Attended or characterized 
by Important events; momentous. 

e-ven'tu-al, 1 i-ven'cnu-el or -tiu-al; 2 e- 
ven'chu-al or -tu-al, a. Pertaining to or 
being a result; ultimate; final.— e-ven'tu- 
al-ly, adv. Ultimately; finally.— e-ven'tu- 
ate, vi. [-ATlnd; -at"ing.] To result; turn 
out; happen. 

ev'er, 1 ev'er; 2 eVCr, adv. 1. At any 
time; in any case; in any degree; at all. 

2. Under all circumstances; always; per- 
petually.— ev'er -green". I. o. Green 
throughout the year. II. n. A tree or plant 
always green.— ev"er-last1ng. I. a. Last- 
ing forever; eternal, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
II. n. 1. Past or future endless duration; 
eternity. 2. [E-l The one who Is eternal; 
God.— ev'er-more", adv. During all time; 

ev'er-gfade", 1 ev'er-glgd"; 2 ev'gr-glad' 
n. A tract of low swampy land covered 
with tall grass. 

eve'ry, 1 ev'n or ev'ar-i; 2 eVry or eV6r-y. 

I. a. Each, as of a number; all taken one 
by one. II. pron. Every one; each. 

— ev^ry-bod^y, n. Every person; people 
in general — eve'ry •day", a. Suitable for 
every day; ordinary; usual.— eve'ry-thlng, 
n. Each one of a number of things; all that 
exists; something supremely important.— 
eve'ry-where", adv. At or in every place. 

e-vlct' d , 1 i-vikt'; 2 e-vfet', vt. To dis- 
possess by legal process; oust; expel.— e-vle'- 
tlon, n. The act of evicting; forcible eject- 

ev'1-dence, 1 ev'i-dens; 2 eVi-denc, n. 
Fact on which a judgment is based; proof. 

— erl-dent, a. Plain; manifest; obvious. 
-ly, adv.— ev"l-den'tlal, a. Of the nature 
of evidence; indicative, -ly, adv. 

e'vll, 1 I'vl; 2 §'vl. I. o. Morally bad; 
wicked; injurious; calamitous; sorrowful. 

II. n. Wicked conduct; moral deprav- 
ity; affliction; calamity. III. adv. In an 
evil manner. 

e-vlnce', 1 i-vins'; 2 e-vmc/, vt. [e-vincmd'*; 
e-vinc'inq.] To show plainly; prove. 

is •*» final; l = habit; cdsle; era = out; ell; 111 = feud; «JhIn; go; rj = sing; thin, thia. 
S: waif, da; bdbk, bdftt; f*ll, rule, cllre, b*t,bftrn; All, boy; go, gem; iQk; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ LC 


e-vls'cer-ate, 1 i-vis'er-€t; 2 e-vls'gr-at, vt. 
I-AT"BD<»; -at'ing.] To disembowel.— e-ris"- 

e-voke', 1 i-v6k'; 2 e-vok', vt. [e-voked'*; 
e-vok'inq.J To call forth or out. 

ev'o-lu'tlon, 1 ev'o-liQ'slien; 2ev"o-lu'- 
shon,n. The act of evolving; development. 

e-volve', )1 i-velv'; 2 e-vdlv', vL & vi. 

e-volv' B , J[e-volved', e-volvd' 8 ; e-volv'- 
ing.J To unfold; develop. 

ewe, 1 yu; 2 yy, n. A female sheep. 

ew'er, 1 yu'er; 2 yu'er, n. A wide- 
mouthed water-pitcher. 

ex-, prefix. Out; out of; off; beyond: used 
also with privative and Intensive force. 
Prefixed to a word denoting office, it indi- 
cates one who formerly occupied the posi- 
tion; as, er'Presldent. 

ex-act', 1 egs-akt'; 2 egz-aet'. 14. vt. To 
compel the payment of; extort; demand. 
II. o. Perfectly conformed to a stand- 
ard; precise; accurate; methodical.— ex-actf- 
rag, pa. Making unreasonable demands; 
taxing.— ex-ac'tlon, I egs-ak'shan; 2 egz- 
ae'shon, n.— ex-act'ly, adv.— ex-actfness, n. 

ex-ag'ger-ate, 1 egz-aj'er-£t; 2 figz-ag'gr-at, 
vi. & vi. [-at'ed* 1 ; -at'ing.] To repre- 
sent extravagantly; make statements be- 
yond fact.— ex-ag*ger-a'tlon, n. The act 
of exaggerating ; overstatement; hyperbole. 

ex-alt'fTl egz-elt'; 2 egz-alt', v. L t. To 
rai^e; magnify; glorify; elate. II. %. To 
produce exaltation; promote.— ex'al-ta'- 
tlon, n. Elevation; promotion; elation. 

ex-am 'ine, II egz-am'in; 2 egz-am'in, vt. 

ex-am 1n», / [-in(e) n" ; -in-ing.] To inves- 
tigate criticallv; scrutinise; test; question. 
— ex-amf -nation, n. 

ex-am'ple,Uegz-am'pI;2egz-am'pl,n. 1. 

ex-am'pP, /A copy; sample; illustration; 
precedent; warning. 2. A problem to be 

ex-as'per-ate, 1 egz-as'per-eHi: 2 egx-as'- 
per-'Vt, vt. [-at'edO; -at'inq.J To anger; 
enrage; Intensify; inflame.— ex-as"per-a'- 
tlon, n. Extreme anger; rage; intensity. 

ex'ca-vate, 1 eks'ke-vet: 2 eks'ca-vat, vt. 
r-VAT-EDd; -vat'ing.J To dig into; make 
b • digging out; remove or uncover by 
digging.— ex'ea-va'tlon, n. A digging out: 
a cavity: hollow- ex'ea-Ta»ter, n. 

ex-ceed'd, } 1 ek-sTd'; 2 Sk-cfid', vt. To go 

ex-cede '», j beyond; surpass.— ex-eeedlng, 
pa. Greater than nsnal; surpassing.— ex- 
ceedlng-ly, adv. Extremely; remarkably. 

ex-cel', 1 ek-sel'; 2 «k-c«', vt. 6 vi. [ex- 
celled', ex-celd'»; ex-cel'ling.) To be 
superior to; be more excellent than; be or 
do more or better; surpass.— ex'cet-lenee, n. 


Possesion of eminently good qualities: a su- 
perior trait.— ex'cel-len-ey, n. (-cies*. pi,] 

1. An honorary title. 2. Excellence.— ex'- 
cel-lent, a. Having good qualities in a high 
degree, -ly, adv. 

ex-cel'sl-or, 1 ek-sel'si-er; 2 Sk-cel'sWlr. 
I* a. Still higher; ever upward. LI. n. A 
packing-material composed of long, fine 

ei-cept', 1 ek-sept'; 2 Sk-cept'. I*, vt. 4 
vi. To leave out; Omit; object; take ex- 
ception (to). II. prep. With the excep, 
tion of. III. conj. "f not that; unless. 

— ex-eept'lng, prep. A conj. Except. 
ex-cep'tlon, l ek-sep'sTian; 2 €k-cep'shon, 

n. The act cf excepting, or that which 
is excepted; exclusion.— ex-eep'tion-a-bKe*, 
a. Open to exception or objection.— ex-cep% 
tlon-al, a. Unusual or uncommon; saperf or. 

ex-eerpt', 1 ek-surpt'; 2 elc-cerpt', n. An 
extract, as from a book. 

ex-cess', 1 ek-ses 7 ; 2 Sk-ces', *. 1. That 
which passes the due limit. 2. Inordi- 
nate gratification. S. The amount by 
which one thing is greater than another; 
overplus.— ex-ees'slvCe*, a. Exceeding th« 
proper amount or degree; immoderate; ex- 
treme, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ex-change % 1 eks-dienj'; 2 elcs-chang', v. 
[ex-changed'; bx-chang'ing.1 1. 1. To 
part with in return for something else; 
barter; interchange. II. i. To be given 
or received in exchange; make an ex* 

ex-change', n. 1. The act of exchanging 
or that which is exchanged; barter; trade. 

2. Change. S. Any transfer of value, as 
by credits, drafts, etc.. or the rate at 
which it is effected. 4. A place where 
merchants effect exchanges. 5. A cen- 
tral telephone-offloe.— ex-change^a-sin-gy, 
».— ex-change'a-bl(e p , l eks-tfhenj'a-U; 2 
eks-eh&ng'a-bl, a. That may be exchanged. 

ex-cheo/iier, 1 eks-dhek'er; 2 eJnvehek'er, 
n. 1. The treasury of a state; finances; 
pecuniary resources. 2. JE-J [Eng.J A 
court of revenue. 

ex-else' 1 , 1 ek-s<uV; 2 Ck-clj', *. [ex- 
cised'; ex-cib'ing.J To cut oat or off. 

— ex-efskm, n. The removal of a part; ex- 
tirpation, [able. 

ex-dse'*, *. To tax.- ex-cffa-ble, a. Tax- 
ex-dse', n. A charge levied upon com- 
modities, especially upon liquors. 
ex-dte', 1 ek-soit'; 2 «k-cltf. vt. [ex- 
ciT'EDd; ex-cit'ino.} To agitate; stimu- 
late; bring about, as by stimulating.— ex-dt"- 
a-bUl-ty,n.-ex-dt'a-M<e»,«. Easily ex- 
cited.- ex-d'tant, 1 ek-sottant; 2ek-eftant. 
La. Adapted to excite or stimulate. II. a. A 

2:art,ape,aMare,fast,wliat,aU;m€,g« 1 prej l fern;h^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


BttmnlMit.-ex-clte'ment,*. 1. Theactof ex- 
citing, or that whlcb excites, t. The state of 
being excited. ex"d-ta'tlont.— ex-dt'er, n. 

•x-elalm', 1 eks-kl6rn'; 2 eks-elam', vt. & 
vt. To cry out abruptly or with passion. 

— ex*cla-ma'tlon, n. Sudden outcry; an 
emphatic expression; an Interjection.— ex- 
dam'a-to-ry, a. 1. Of the nature of excla- 
mation. 2. Given to the use of exclamation. 

ez-clnde'. leks-klud'; 2 fiks-clyd', vt. (ex- 
clux/bd"; ex-clud'ing.J To shut out; 
debar; reject; eject.— ex-du'slon, l eks-klu'- 
3en; 2 eks -elu'zhon, n. The act of excluding, 
or the state of being excluded; that which is 
excluded.— ex-clu'slve, l eks-klu'stv; 2 eks- 
clu'siv, a. Excluding or tending to exclude 
as from social relations, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ex-cog '1-tate, 1 eks-kej'i-tet; 2 eks-c6r i- 
t&t, vt. [-tat'ed 4 ; -tat'ingJ To think 
out carefully; devise.— ex-eot/l-ta'tlon, n. 

ex"eom-mu'nf-€ate, 1 eks'ke-miu'ni-ket; 
2 elcs-eo-mu'ni-eat, vt. [-cat'ed* 1 ; -cat"- 
inq.1 To cut off from church-member- 
ship and communion; exclude; expel. 
— ex* r eem-mu' r nJ-ca , tlon, n. The act of 
excommunicating, or the state of having 
been excommunicated. 

ex-co'ri-ate, 1 eks-ko'n-fit; 2 8ks-eo / ri-4lt, 
vt. [-at'ed**; -at'ing.] To strip off the 
skin or covering of ; abrade; galL— ex-co"rl- 
a'tton, n. 

ex'cre-ment, 1 eksTcn-ment; 2 gks'ere- 
m£nt, n. Refuse matter discharged from 
an animal body; feces; dung. 

ex-cres'cence, 1 eks-kres'ens; 2 Sks- 
ereVenc, n. An unnatural outgrowth. 

ex-crete', 1 eks-krlt'; 2 6ks-er6t', vt. [ex- 
CBET / ED d ; ex-cret'ing.J To throw off, 
as waste matter.— ex-ere'tlon, n. The act 
of excreting; matter excreted. 

ex-cru'ci-ate, 1 eks-kru'slu-et; 2 eks-eru'- 
chi-at, vt. [-AT*ED d ; -at'ing.J To inflict 
extreme pain upon; torture.— ex-eru"cl-a'- 
tJon, n. 

ex-eul'pate, 1 eks-kul'p€t; 2 gks-eul'pat, 
vt. [-pated«; -pat'wg.] To exoner- 
ate; excuse.— ex"cul-pa'tlon, n.— ex-cul'- 

— to-ry, a. 
r'ston, 1 eks-kur'aTion; 2 gks-cur'- 

shon, n. 1. A short journey; trip for 
pleasure. 2. A body of excursionists. 
S. A digression.— ex-eur'siv(e 8 . a. Wan- 
dering; desultory; digressive, -ly, adv. 
ix-cuse'. 1 eks-kiuz'; 2 Cks-eus/, vt. [ex- 
cubm/; ex-cus'ing.J 1- Toexculpate; 
vindicate; justify. 2. To overlook; par- 
don. 3. To release from a service, demand, 
or claim.— ex-cas'a-Me, a. Admitting of 
excuse or pardon; Justifiable.- ex-cus'a- 
hly, adv. 

1 eks-kius'; 2 eks-^uV, n. 1. A 


plea in extenuation of an offense, neglect, 
or failure; apology. 2. The act of excus- 
ing. 3. A reason for excusing. 
ex'e-crate, 1 eks'i-kret; 2 Sks'e-erfit, vt. 
[-CRAT*ED d ; -crat'ino.) To curse ; detest. 

— ex'e-cra-bl (e*, a. Worthy of execration ; 
abominable.— ere - era - Wy, adv.— ex"e- 
era'tlon, n. 1. The act of execrating; Im- 
precation. 2. An accursed thing. 

ex'e-cute, 1 eks'i-kiat- 2 elcs'e-eut, v. 
[-cut'ed^-cut'ino.] 1. 1. 1,. To effect; 
accomplish. 2. To put to death accord- 
ing to legal sentence. II. *. To accom- 
plish something.— ei-ec'u-tor, l egs-ek'yu- 
ter; 2 egz-eVyu-tor, n. One appointed to 
execute a will.— ex-ec'u-to-ry, a. Pertain- 
ing to execution; executive: administrative. 

— ex-ec'ti-trlx, n. A woman who serves as 
an executor. 

ex"e-cu'tion, 1 eksV-khVsTien; 2 Sks'e- 
eu'shon, n. The act of executing; per- 
formance; enforcement; signing, as of a 
deed; capital punishment; a judicial writ. 

— ex"e-cu'tlon-er, n. One who executes a 
death sentence. 

ex-ec'u-tive, ) 1 egz-ek'yu-tiv; 2 egz-ee'- 

ex-ec'u-tiv 8 , J yu-tlv. I. a. Having the 
power or capacity of executing: adminis- 
trative. II. n. A person or body that 
executes the law. 

ex"e-ge'sls, 1 eks'i-jl'sis; 2 Sks'e-gS'sis, n, 
[-SE8, 1 -slz; 2 -e€s, pi.] Explanation or 
Interpretation, as of the Bible.— ex'e-get'lc, 
1 eks'i-Jet'ik; 2 Sks'e-get'le, a. Pertaining 
to exegesis; expository; explanatory. ex"e- 

ex-em 'plar, 1 egz-em'pler; 2 egz-em'piar, 
n. A model ; pattern ; example ; specimen. 

— ex'em-pla-ry, l egz'em-pie-n; 2 egVem- 
pla-ry, a. Serving as a model or a warning. 

ex-em 'pll-fy, 1 egz-em'ph-foi; 2 egz-eW- 
pli-fl, tt. [-fied, 1 -faid, 2 -fid; -pt'ing.J 
To explain by example; illustrate— ex -enV- 
pll-fi-ca'tlon, ». The act of exemplifying; 
an example. 

ex-empt', 1 egx-empt'; 2 egz-empf . l d . 
vt. To free or excuse, as from some 
obligation. II. a. Free; clear: excused. 
III. n. One who is exempt.— ex-emp'tton, 
1 ega-emp'shen; 2 egz-emp'shon, n. Free- 
dom; immunity. 

ex'er-cise, 1 eks'sr-soiz; 2 eWer-cIe, c. 
[-cised; -cis'ing.] I. t. 1. To exert; 
train by practise. 2. To make anxious. 
II. i. To take exercise. 

ex'er-cise, n. Activity; practise; training. 

ex-ert'<*, 1 egz-urt'; 2 egz-grt', vt. To put 
forth, or put in action, an force or faculty. 

— ex-er'tlon, l egs-Or / shsn; 2 egs-er'shon, 
n. Vigorous action; a strong effort. 

1: • = final; i = habit; cdsle; eras out; eH; lfl = feud ; ^hin; go; 13= sing; thin, ttiis. 
S: wolfed*; btfWc, MM; fitll, rule, cflre, bib, bflrn; 6U, bd>; go, ftem; iyk; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ex'e-unt, 1 eks'i-unt; 2 8ks'e-ont. Plural 
of exit, he goes out; a stage direction.— 
ex'e-unt om'nes, all go off or out. 

ex-hale', 1 eks-heT; 2 8ks-hal' f vt. & n. 

{ex-haled'; ex-hal'inq.] To breathe 
orth; send out, as vapor or perfume; 
emit; evaporate.— ex"ha - la'tlon, n. A 
breathing out; anything exhaled; a vapor; 

ex-haust' d , 1 egz-est'; 2 egs-ast', vt. 1. 
To draw off entirely; empty; drain. 2. 
To reduce; weaken. 3. To examine or 
discuss to the uttermost.— ex-haustf l-bl(e*, 
a — ex-haus'tlon, l egs-ee'lhan; 2 ega-as / - 
chon, n. The act of exhausting, or the state 
of being exhausted; weakness; fatigue.— 
ex-haas'tlv(ea, a. Exhausting; tending to 
exhaust, -ly, adv.— ex-hanstfess, a. In- 

ex-hib'it, 1 egs-ib'it; 2 egs-ib'it. 1*. vt. & 
vi. To present to view; show; display. 
II. n. Any object or objects exhibited; 
a document or object marked for use as 
evidence.— ex"hl-M'tlon, l eksVblsli'an: 
2 Cks'i-blsh'on, n. 1. The act of exhibiting; 
display. 2. Anything exhibited; a show.— 
ei-hlM-tor, n. One who exhibits. ex- 

ex-hU'a-rate, 1 egs-il'e-r6t: 2 egs-Il'a-rat, 
vt. [-rat'ed**; -Eat'inq.j To enliven; 
cheer; stimulate.— ex- hll'a- rant. I. a. 
Causing exhilaration. II. n. Something 
that exhilarates.— ex-hil'a-ra'tlon, n. 

ex-hort' d , 1 egz-ert'; 2 €gz-6rt', v. I. U 
To urge earnestly to well-doing; advise; 
admonish. II. %. To deliver or prac- 
tise exhortation.— exTior-ta'tlon, n. The 
act of exhorting; earnest advice; admoni- 
tion.— ex -nor t'er, l egs-ert'ar; 2 egs- 
ort'er, n. 

ex-home', 1 eks-hiQm'; 2 eTcs-hQm', vt. 

tEX-HXTMED'; EX-HT7M / INO.J To dig Up; 

disinter.— ex"hu-ma'tion, n. 

exl-gen-ey. 1 eks'i-jen-si; 2 eKs'i-g«n-cy, 
[-cxes«, pi.) The state of being urgent; 
a pressing necessity, exl-gence*.— exi- 
gent, a. Demanding immediate aid or ac- 
tion; urgent; pressing. 

exile, 1 eks'oil; 2 cks'Il. I. vt. [ex'iled; 
ex'il-ingl] To banish. II. n. 1. Ban- 
ishment; expatriation. 2. One driven or 
wandering away from country or home. 

ex-ist' d , 1 egz-ist'; 2 e£s-fet', vi. To be, or 
continue to be; live.— ex-Is'tence, n. Being; 
life: anything that extsts; an entity.— ex- 
ls'tent, a. Having being or existence. 

ex 'It, 1 ekVit; 2 €ks'it, n. A way out; 
egress; departure. 

ex'o-dus, 1 eks'o-dus; 2' eTcs'o-dus, n. 1. 
A departure, as of a multitude, from any 
place. 2. [E-l The departure of the Is- 


raelites from Egypt. S. [E-] The second 
Old Testament. 



book of the Old 
ex'o-gen, 1 eks'o-jen; 2 fiks'o-gen, n. 
A plant 
which in- f i I 
creases in I 
siae by sue- 1 
cessive ad- 
ditions or 
rings on | 
the outside 
of the] 
wood, next 
the bark. 

— ex-og'e-2^ 

noilS,lekS- x Vertical section of an esoce. 
Oj'l - nus*. 2 nous stem. 2. Cross-section. (Let- 
SkS-dg'e- ten apply to both fiaures.) p. 
nus, a. 1. pith; m, medullary sheath; a. 
Pertaining heart*wood, representing- the 
to or like an ' pn«s of axowth of three succes- 
exogen 2. ^ve yearB < l »*t8); •• aapwood; 
Originating c - cambium layer; 6, bark. 

or growing from without. 

ex-on'er-ate, 1 ega-en'er-et: 2 egx-on'er-at, 
vt. [-AT'ED d ; -at'ing.1 1. To vindicate 
from accusation. 2. To free, as from 
a responsibility.— ex-on'er-a'tlon, n. 

ex-or'bl-tanee, 1 egs-er'bi-tens; 2 fegs-dr'- 
bi-tanc, n. Excesaiveness; extravagance. 

— ex-ortit-tant, a. Excessive, as a price or 
charge; extravagant, -ly, adv. 

ex'or-clse, 1 eks'er-eais; 2 Sks'fir-clg, o. 
[-gibed; -cts'inqJ I. t. To cast out 
(an evil spirit). II. i. To use or prac- 
tise exorcisms.— ex'or-cfsm, 1 eks'er-sizm; 
2 €ks'6r-cism, n. The act of exorcising evU 
spirits.— ex'or-dst, n. 

ex-or'dl-um, 1 egx-eVdi-um; 2 Sga-oVdi- 
iim, n. [-ums» or -a, pi] An introduc- 
tion, as of a discourse; prelude. . 

ex"o-ter 'lc* 1 eks'o-ter'ik; 2 fcks'o-teVie, a. 
Belonging to the outside world: opposed 
to esoteric, ex'o-ter'l-cali. 

ex-otic, 1 eks-et'ik; 2 Sks-ot'ie. I. a. Of 
foreign origin. II. n. Something not 
native, as a plant. 

ex-pand' d , 1 eks-pand'; 2 Sks-pand', of, 
& vi. To enlarge; swell; spread out. 

— ex-panse/, 1 eka- pans'; 2 Ska-pans', n. 
Thatrwhich lies spread out; a vast continuous 
area.— ex - pan"sl - bill-ty, n.— ex-pan'sl- 
bl(eP, a.— ex-pan'sl-bly, adv.— ex-pan'- 
sion, n. The act of expanding; Increase; 
enlargement.— ex-pan'slv(e», a. Capable 
of enlarging; causing or marked by expan- 
sion; broad, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ex-pa'tt-ate, 1 eks-p^slu-^t; 2 gks-pa'shi- 
at, vi. [-AT"ED d ; -at'inq.J To give full 
and diffuse statement; discuss at length. 

— ex-pa"tl-a'tlon, n. 

1: artistic, Art ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey; bit, police ;obey, gO ; net,or; full, rtile; but, borxu 
2: a^ape.faMare^fas^wbA^aUjme^gi^prcj^ern; bit, Ice;I=C; I=e;gA 1 not,6r,v 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


ex-pe'tri-ate, 1 eks-p€'tn-€t; 2 eks-pft'- 
tri-fit, vt. [-AT"ED d ; -at'ino.J To drive 
from one's own country; exile.— ex-pa^trl- 

«x-pect' d , 1 eks-pekt'; 2 Sks-peet', vt. To 
look forward to as probable; anticipate; 
look for; rely upon; require.— ex-peeHan- 
ey, 1 eks-pek'tdn-si; 2 eks-pee'tan-cy, n. 
The act or state of expecting; expectation. 
ex-pee'tance*.— ex-pec'tant, 1 eks-pek'- 
tent; 2 eks-pee'tant. I. a. Looking forward 
In expectation. II. n. One who Is antici- 
pating confidently— ex"pec-ta'tton,n. 1. 
The act of looking confidently for something 
future; expectancy. 2. Something expected; 
a hopeful prospect, as of wealth: often plural. 

ex-pec 'to-rate, 1 eks-pek'to-ret; 2 gks- 
piee'to-rat, vt. & vi. [-rat'ed 1 *; -bat'inq.] 
To cough up and spit forth; spit.— ex-pee'to- 
rant. I. a. Relating to expectoration. II. 
n. A medicine to promote expectoration.— 
ex-eee"toHra'tton, n. The act of expec- 
torating; matter expectorated. 

ex-pe'di-ent, 1 eks-prdi-ent; 2 Sks-p€'di- 
ent. I. a. Suitable under the circum- 
stances; advantageous; advisable. IX 
n. That which promotes an end; a device; 
resource.— ex-peW-en-ey, n. The quality 
of being expedient; the principle of utility or 
■elf-interest, ex-pe'dl-ence*. — ex-pe'dl- 
ent-ly, adv. 

ex'pe-dlte. 1 eks'pi-dait; 2 eks'pe-dTt, vt. 
(-DiT "m> d ; -dit 'inc.] To hasten ; quicken ; 
dispatch.— ei*pe-dl'tion, l eks"p*--disVan; 
2 eks'pe-dIslr*on, n. 1. A journey, as of 
many persons; also, the body of persons jour- 
neying. 2. The quality of being expedi- 
tious; speed; dispatch.— ex "pe - dl' ttous, 
e. Accomplished with energy and dispatch; 
quick; speedy, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

•x-pel% 1 eks-pel 7 ; 2 Ska-pel', vt. [bx- 
pxjllbd', bx-peld'b; hx-pui/ling.] To 
drive out forcibly. 

ex-pend' d , 1 eks-pend'; 2 Sks-pend', vt. <fe 
si. To pay out; disburse.— ex-pen'dl-tnre, 
1 eks-pen'di-clrar or -tiur; 2 eks-pen'di- 
ehur or -tur, n. The act of expending; outlay. 

ex-pense', 1 eks-pens': 2 eks-pens', n. 
The expending, as of money; money 
expended; outlay; cost.— ex-pen'slv(e», a. 
Involving great expense; costly, -ly, adv. 
etrl-enee, 1 eks-pl'n-ens; 2 eks- 
. fri-enc. L tf. [-enced*; -knc'inq.] To 
undergo personally: feel. II. n. 1. 
Knowledge derived from one's own ac- 
tion, perception, or endurance. 2. Some- 
thtng undergone, enjojqpd, etc-ax-pe'H- 
eaeed, 1 e ks pK pja tt ; 2 eks-prtUact. pa. 
Taught by experience; practised; skilled.— 
ex-ee*rf-ei»'tlal, o. 


ex-perl-ment, 1 eks-per'i-ment or -ment; 
2 elcs-peVi-ment. I a . vi. To^make ex- 
periments; make a test or trial. II. n. 
An action designed as a test; a trial; 
essay; attempt.— ex-per"l-men'tal, a. Per- 
taining to or known by experiment or expe- 
rience, -ly, adv. 

ex-pert', 1 eks-purt'; 2 eks-pert', a. Skil- 
ful through practise; dexterous; marked 
by skill. 

ex'pert. 1 eks'purt; 2 Sks'pert, n. One 
who has special skill or knowledge; a 
specialist, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ex 'pi-ate. 1 eks'pi-€t; 2 gks'pi-at, vt, 
[-AT"ED d ; -at'ing.] To atone for, as by 
suffering or restitution.— ex'pl-a-M(e p , a.— 
ex'pl-a'tlon, n. The act or means of ex- 
plating; atonement.— ex'pl-a-to-ry, a. Hav- 
ing the character of or offered In expiation. 

ex-plre', 1 eks-pair'; 2 Sks-plr', v. [ex- 
pired'; bx-pib'ing.) 1. t. To breathe 
out; emit from the lungs. II. i. 1. 
To send forth breath; die; perish. 2. 
To terminate.— ex"pl-ra'tlon, l eks'pi-rS'- 
shen; 2 eks'pi-ra'shon, n. 1. The natural 
termination of anything, as of a lease. 2. A 
breathing out; death. 

ex-plain', 1 eks-plen': 2 Sks-plan', vt. 6 vi. 
To make plain or clear; interpret; eluci- 
date.— ex'pla-na'tlon, l eks'pls-ne'shen; 
2 eks'pla-na'shon, n. 1. The act or means 
of explaining. 2. Meaning; significance; 
sense.— ex-plan'a-to-ry, l eks-plan's-to-ri: 
2 eks-plan'a-tcHVt a. Serving or tending to 

ex'ple-tlve, \ 1 eks'ph-tiv; 2 eks'ple-tlv. I. 

ex'ple-ttv 8 , J a. Added. for emphasis; re- 
dundant. II. n. 1. An interjection, 
often profane. 2. A word or phrase 
serving merely to fill out. 

ex'pll-eate, 1 eks'pli-kst; 2 Sks'pli-eat, vt. 
&vi. J-cat'xd; -cat'inq.] To clear from 
obscurity or perplexity; explain clearly. 
— ex'pli-cate, a.— ex'pU-ea'tlon, n.— ex'- 
pU-ca-tlv (e 8 , a. ex'pfl-ca-to-ry j. 

ex-pllclt, 1 eks-plis'it; 2 «ks-pHg'it, a. 
Plainly expressed, or that plainly ex- 
presses, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

ex-plode', 1 eks-plod'; 2 eka-ptod', vt. 4c vi. 
[ex-plod'ed* 1 ; xx-flod'eno.J 1. To burst; 
drive out violently; flash up noisily, as 
gunpowder. * 2. To disprove utterly. 

ex-plolt', 1 eks-pleit'; 2 &s-ploit'. I d . vt. 
To MsMtse selfishly, as workugmen. II. 
n. A heroic deed or act.— ex*ploi-ta'tl©n, n. 

ex-plore', 1 eks-pldr'; 2 eks-pl6r% vt. & vi. 
[kx-plorbd'; xx-plob'ikgJ To travel 
over, as new lands; scrutinise; make 
thorough search.— ex'plo-ra'tlon, n. The 
act of exploring.— ex-plor'er, n. 

I: • = final; i_ ww , «_«, »»_ vwt Wf 

S: wftf l dt;biak 9 bd?M;i>tll,ri|le,c«re,b^btni 

; M = fsud; coin; go; q =sln^; Hun, toda. 
It, b4rn; all, boy; fo, tern; ink; thin, tfcle. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


ex-plo'sion, 1 eks-pto'sen; 2 eks-plo'zbon, 
n. The act of exploding; a sudden and 
violent outbreak.— ex-plo'slv(e*. I. a. . Per- 
taining to explosion; liable to explode. II. 
. ft. An explosive substance. 

•x-po'nent, 1 eks-p6'nent; 2 eka-p6'nent, 
n. 1. One who or that which explains 
or expounds. 2. Alg. A symbol indicat- 
ing a power. 

ei-port'd, l eks-p6rf ; 2 eks-port', vt. To 
carry or send away, as from one country 
to another.— ex'por-ta'tlon, ft. 1. The act 
or practise of exporting, f. An exported 
commodity.— ex-port'er, n. 

ex 'port, 1 eks'pdrt; 2 eks'pdrt, n. The act 
of exporting, or that which is exported; 
merchandise sent from one country to 

ex-pose', 1 eks-pcV; 2 eks-pda', vt. fax- 
posbd'; ex-pos'inq.] 1. To lay open; 
display; disclose. 2. To place in a peril- 
ous situation; abandon to probable de- 

ex"p©-se\ 1 eks'po-sfi': 2 eWpo-ee/, n. 
An undesirable or embarrassing disclo- 
sure or exposure. 

ex'jpo-sl'tion, 1 eks'po-sisli'en; 2 eks'po- 
suh'on, n. 1. A public exhibition. 2. 
An explanation; commentary.— ex-posl- 
tor, n. One who expounds.— ex-posl-to-ry, 
a. Pertaining to ex position* 

ei-pos'tu-late, 1 eks-pos'ehu-rar -tiu-]Ifct; 
3 £ks-pdVchu-[trr -tQ-^lfi-t. n, [-i*AT*Ej> d ; 
*lat 'in a. ] To plead with a person agai nst 
some fictlun.— ei-potfi"tu-la't Ion, fl 

ck-po'sure, 1 eks-po'pur; 2 Cks-po'shur, n. 
1» The net of exposing; an exposed state 
or situation. £. Outlook or aspect 

cx-pound'**, 1 eks-paund'; 2 eks-pouud', 
(f. To explain: interpret — ei-pound'er, n. 

CX-pres*', 1 eks-pres'; 3 £kH-pr&r\ 1*. 
vt. i. To set fortli; declare. 2, To 
press out. 3, To send by express. II. 
Or 1* Set forth distinctly; explicit; 
plain; direct. 2. Done or carried by 
express or with speed. S. Exactly like; 
very. III. n. I. A system of rapid 
transportation. 2* A message dispatch; 
also, a messenger bearing dispatches; a 
currier.- ei-press'ege, l eks-Drcs'U; 3 fcks- 
prfis'ag, w, I. Amount chEvrsed for carrying 
by express. %. Things carried by « press. 
- ttE-preHft'l-blfl, a.-ex-pressly, ads. 

ex-pres 'slon, 1 eka-presVan; 2 gks- 
presh'on r n. 1. The aet or mode of ut- 
tering or representing. 2. That which 
is uttered. 3, Aspect; look; looks, 4. 
A pressing out. -less, a.— ex-pres'sl v (•», a. 
Conveying expression; full of meaning, -ly, 

ex-pal 'don, 1 eks-pul'sTien; SeaxhpffKhon, 
n. Forcible ejection^- ex-p«l'slv(s*, «. 
Tending to expeL 

ex-punge', 1 eks-punj'; 2 elcs-pttng', vt. 
[ex-pungei/; ex-runo'ixg.J To blot 
out; obliterate; efface; destroy. 

ex'pur-gate, 1 eka'pur-get or efas-poVget; 
2 eks'ptSr^ftt or eka-poVgat, tft, [-oat"- 
ED d ; -oat'ing.] To clear, as a book, of 
whatever Is objectionable.- ex "aw- gn'- 

ex'qui-slte, U eksTcwi-ait: 2 eTnrTcwHrt; 

ex'qui-eit*, jl. a. 1* Delicate; refined* 
delicately beautiful. 2. Sensitive; fastid- 
ious. 3. Intense. 11. n. A dainty 
person; a fop; dandy, -ly, adv. peas , a. 

ex'tant, 1 eks'tent or eks-tant'; 2 eWtanft 
or 8ks-tant', o. Still existing; Irving. 

ex-tem'po-re, 1 eks-tem'po-n; 2 £ks4£sn'- 
po-re. I. a. Extemporaneous. IT. adv. 
Without special preparation,— ex lesa"pa 
ra'ne-ous, leks-tesn'po-re'ni-os; geae-tem'- 
po-rS'ne-us, a. Done or made wttaltttieor 
no preparation; 
without notes. 

adv.— ex-tem'po-rlxe, sc * 
-riz'inq.] To speak or co mp os e o ffhand . 
ex-tem'po-rlset.— ex-tem'po-rJs*er «r 

ex-tend'Vl eks-tend'; 2 els-tend', a, I. 
t. 1. To make larger; enlarge; prolong. 
2. To reach or stretch out H> i. 
To reach; stretch.— ex-tssr^ i s MMW t y , «.— 
ex-ten'sl-M(e*; a. That may be eatsnseC 
ei-ten'sU(e»t.-ex-teD/sSoii,*. l.Tneaot 
of extending; extent. 2. An 
dltion. S. The property of o 
— ex-ten / df(e», a. Exfc 
space, time, or scope, -ly, 

ex-tent', 1 eks-tent'; 2 eks-tita?. «. 
Amount or degree of extension; siae; 
compass; reach. 

ex-ten'u-ate, 1 eks-ten'yu-gt; 2 &s» 
ten'yu-at, vt. [-at*hd*; .at"dhi.| .To pal- 
liate; make thin or thinner.— e x t en*n s/- 
tlon« n. PaQiatlon. 

ex-te'rl-or, 1 eks-tl'n-er or-er; SCka-tTrJ- 
or. I. a. External; outside. IX n. The 

ex-ter'ml-nate, 1 eks-tur'mi-net; 2 &s- 
tSr'mi-nat, vt. [-NAT"Bn<>; -kax^opo.] 
To destroy; annihilate.— ex-ter*nil-ns/'- 
tlon, n. Annihilation; extirpation.— «*- 
teeml-na^tor, n. 

ex-ter'nal, 1 eks-toVnel; 2 eks-t«r / naL I. 
a. Outside; superficial. IX n. An ex- 
terior part; an outward form or symbol, 
as of religion.— ex-ter'nal-lv, tdm. 

ex-tlnet% 1 elnvtinktf ; 2 eks-tlpcf, «. Ex- 
tinguished; disused; inactive; mm* nilstsiHi 


•: irl^£pe t fi<^ire t fast,wb4t l a^;mC t gi^ bJt,lee;I=©;i=:e;g«,nlt,«r,wnsa, 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


— ex-ttae*tton,». 1. An extinguishing, ex- 
tlii'giilsb-nientt. 2. Destruction; anni- 

OB-tln'ftlilgli*, 1 eks-tin'gwisn; 2 8ks- 
titn'gwi&h, rt. To put out; ^quench; de- 
stroy.— cx-tln'giiteh-a-MCe*, a.— ex-tln'- 

«m*S r%ito *i eka'ter-pet; 2 On/tlr-pat, v*. 
(-PA , rao d ; -pat'ikg.J To root out or 
tap; eradicate.- ex"tlr-pe'tloii,n. The act 
of extirpating; total removal. 
' " 1 eks-tdi' or -tel'; 2 eks-tdi' or 

•46?, at [mx-tollbd', kx-toli/*; ex-tol'- 
uxa] To praise in the highest terms; 

_ _„_ , 1 eks-tert'; S *ks-tdrf, «. I. f. 
To obtain by compulsion; wring; wrest; 
also, to exact illegally. II. ». To practise 
extortion.— ex-tortloR,n. Forotbleor unjust 
r aa i t l ra: aometmng extorted.— ex-tor'tioii- 
a-ry,*.— •x-tor'tloD-ate.a. Characterized 
by extortion; oppressive- ex-tor'tion- 
er, ». 
ala, 1 eka'tre: 2 exs'tra. L a.' More 
than UBual; additional. II. n. Some- 
thing beyond what is usual or required. 
,, . Outside; beyond; besides; as. 

_ *, 1 eks-trakt'; 2 exs-traef , rt. 

To draw or pull out; obtain; select ; quote. 
— «rtvae*tton,n. 1. The act of extracting. 
*. That which is extracted. 8. Uncage.— 

1 eks'trakt: 2 eWtrftet, n. 1. 

„, ing extracted, as by distillation. 

%. A selection, as from a book. 

exfnft-dltft, 1 eka'trs-doit; 2 eks'tra-dlt, 
at. f-nrr xn; -Drr'nto.] To deliver up, as 
to another state or nation.— cx"tra-dlt'a- 
Bte, «. Liable to or warranting extradition. 

«X~tr»-dltftoii, 1 eks'tre-disli'en; 2 eks'- 
tra-dSsb/on, n. The surrender of an ac- 
cused person to the justice of another 

ejyiJa'lWKHIHj 1 eksHrS'm-us; 2 fcks- 
U g' a o tt s, o. Not intrinsic or essential; 
foreign. -4y,eds. 

<a>ggaajr»dl»aa>»ry ) 1 eks-treVdi-no-ri or 
eks'tra-eVdi-ne-ri; 2 elcs-tror'di-mVry or 
eik**tra-dr / di-n&-ry, a. Being beyond the 
y; remarkable: special.— ex-toaor'dt- 

ex-tnv'a-Caat, 1 eks4rav / a-gent; 2 elcs- 
trav^a gent, a. Extreme; immoderate; 
feartaette; lavish to expenditure. -ly, advt 
-SMaa, ».— ea-trer*a-ga*ce, l eks-trav'a- 
gaas; fltts-trar'a-gaac.a. Lavish expendl- 

eiplo ikm 

ture; prodigality; irregularity; wttdneas. ex* 

ex-treme', 1 eks-trlm'; 2 eks-trSm'. I. a. 
Farthest; outermost; utmost; severe; 
excessive. II. n. The highest or ut- 
most degree; farthest point or limit; 
extremity; first or last term of a propor- 
tion or series.— ei-tremTst, «.— ex-treml- 
ty, n. [-nxs«. pi.] 1. The farthest point; 
end; edge. %> The highest degree. S. Ex- 
treme distress or need. 4. pi. Extreme mea- 
sures. 5. A hand, foot, etc. 

ex'tri-cate, 1 eks'tn-ket; 2 exa'tri-eat, at. 
[-cjlt'bd*; -cat'inq.] To liberate from 
entanglement.- ex'tri-ca-bi(e p , o.— ex"trl- 
ea'tion, «. 4 

ex-trin'sfc, 1 eks-trin'sik; 2 exs-trYn'sie, a. 
Non-essential; foreign.— ex-trtn'sl-caMy, 

ex-uO>er-ant, 1 eka-yu'ber-ent; 2 efcs- 
yu/bSrant, a. Marked by plentifulness; 
producing ooplouBly.— ex-ei'ber-anee, n. 
ex-o/her-an-cyt* 1 

ex-ude', 1 eks-yud; 2 eTes-yud', sf. & vi, 
[Ex-UD / BD d ; ex-ttd'ing.] To discharge; 
trickle forth, as through pores.— cx*n-da'- 
tten, n. 

ex-ult'd, l egs-mV; 2 egs-olt', vu To re- 
joice in or as in triumph; take a lively 
delight.- ex-ul'tant, a. 1. Rejoicing tri- 
umphantly. Z. Denoting great Joy.— «■"«• 
nl-ts'tloa, n. The act or state of e " 

triumphant toy.— ex-nltlng-ly, ad: 

•ye, 11 ai; 2 L I. tt. [xykd; cy'inci 
ey*,/or MTxriNaJ To look at fixedly; 
scrutinise. II. n. 1. The organ of vi- 
sion; sight. %. Anything that resembles 
the organ of sight, as in shape, place, 
or office; as, the eye of a needle.— eye'- 
ball", n. The globe or ball of the eye. 
— eyeTwrow", a. The arch over the eye, or 
its hairy covering.— eyelash", a. One of 
the stiff curved hairs growing from the edge 
of the eyelids.— eyeless, a. Lacking eyes; 
deprived of sight.— eyelet, a. A small hole 
or opening; a metal ring for protecting a hole 
In canvas, paper, etc.— eyelid' 1 ', n. One. of 
the fleshy curtains that can be closed over 
the eyes.— eye'«ser"vaat, n. One who does 
his duty only when watched.— cycler* 
vice, ».— eye'slgHt", a. 1. The power or 
sense of sight. JB. Extent of vision; view.— 
eye'sore", n. Anything that offends the 
eye.— eye 'tooth, n. One of the upper 
canine teeth.— eye-witness, n. One who 
sees a thing with his own eyes or i 
what he has seen. 
ey'ry, n. An aerie, eyflet. 

it •»*»!; l«habft;e*sle; em»etrt; alt; Msfend;«9iin; ejo; xjsgfng; Chin^ttiia. 
S: wait, da; t*Mt, trftt; t^fl, mte, cflre, bit, Mrn; «1, Wy; fo, *em; ink; thin, tt 

. " Digitized by VjOOQLC 

J 9 * 



9, t, 1 ef; 2 £f, n. [bfs, F's, or Fb, 1 cfs; 2 
Sfs, p/.] A letter: the sixth in the English 

fettle, 1 feT>l; 2 1 fi/bi, n. A fictitious story 
embodying a moral/ as where animals are 
the speakers; any fiction; legend; myth. 

fab'rlc, 1 fab'nk; 2 f&b'rie, n. 1. A woven, 
felted, or knitted material, as cloth, etc. 
2. A system; structure; edifice; work- 
manship; texture — fab'ri-cate, rt. [-cat'- 
■D<i; -cat'ing.] To form; make; 'build; 
forge.— fab"rl-ca'ttoii, n. The act of fab- 
ricating; structure; fabric; invention; false- 
hood.— fab / rf-ca"tor, n. 

ffcb'ii-Iotis, 1 fab'yu-lus; 2 fab'yu-lus, a. 
Belonging to fable; fictitious; mythical; 
false. -ly, adv. -ness, n.— fab'u-llst, n. 
A composer of fables; one who falsifies or 
fabricates. [chief face of a building. 

iV$ade ', If a'sad' ; 2 fa*cad',n. The front or 

face, 1 i6s; 2 f&c. I. vt, & vi. [paced*; 
fac'ing.] 1. To meet in front; con- 
front; oppose. 2. To cover; smooth the 
surface of. IL n. 1. The frontpart of 
the head; the countenance. 2. The sur- 
face; front; aspect; look; show; direct 
statement. 3. Personal presence; sight. 
4. Effrontery; assurance. 5. A gro- 
tesque expression. 

•fae'ef, 1 fas'et; 2 fac'St, n. A small face 
or surface, as on a diamond. 

fa'ee-tlous, 1 fe-si'slius; 2 fa-c6'shus, a. 
Witty; jocose; funny; humorous. -Iy, adv. 

fa'clal, 1 fS'slial: 2 f&'shal, a. Of, near, 
or affecting the face. 

facile, fl fas'il; 2 fac'il, a. 1. Easy; 

facll*, J pliant: yielding; affable. 2. Dex- 
terous; skilful. 

fa-cU'l-ty, 1 fs-sil'i-ti; 2 fa-cfl'i-ty, n. 
Nm»«, pi.] 1. Ease in doing; dexterity. 
2. Any aid or convenience: commonly in 
the plural.— fa-dll-tate, «t. [-tat"bd<1;-tat*- 
nto.l To make easier or more convenient. 

faefng, 1 feVirj; 2 fac'ing, n. A covering 
or edging in front; outer coating. 

fac-slm'I-Te, 1 fak-sim'i-ll; 2 fae-efan'i-lS, 
n. An exact copy or reproduction. 

fact, 1 fakt; 2 fact, n. Anything that is, 
is done, or happens; an act; deed; truth; 

fac'tlon, 1 fak'snen; 2 fae'shon, n. 1. A 
party within a party; a cabal. 2. Vio- 
lent opposition, as to a government; dis- 

sension.— factious, a. Given to or pro- 
moting faction; turbulent; partisan. -Iy, 
adv. -ness, n. 

fac-ti'tious, 1 fak-tisn'vs; 2 fae-tfah'tis, a. 
Artificial; conventional. 

fae'tor, 1 fak'ter or -tor; 2 fae'tor, n. 1. A 
commission merchant; agent. 2. One of 
two or more quantities that, when multi- 
plied together, produce a given quantity. 

fac'to-iy, 1 fak'to-n; 2 f&e'to-ry, n. [-ribs', 
pi] 1. A manufactory. 2. A business 
establishment in charge of factors in a 
foreign country. 

fac-to'tum, 1 fak-t$'tum; 2 fae-to'tum, n. 
A man of all work. 

fac*ul-ty, 1 fak'ul-ti; 2 fae'ul-ty,n. r^rras*. 
pi.] 1. Any special power of mind or 
body. 2. The members of a profession, 
or the instructors in a school or college, 
collectively. [hobby. 

fad, 1 fad; 2 fad, n. A passing fashion; 

fade, 1 fed; 2 fad, vi. 4c vi. [fad'ed*; faiA 
inc.] To make or become pale, dull, or 
dim; disappear gradually.— fadeless, a. Un- 

fae'ces, n. pi. Same as feces. 

fag, 1 fag; 2 fag. L vt. & vi. [fagged, 
fago 8 ; fag'gino.] To work as a fag; fa- 
tigue; tire out. 11. n. One who does 
menial service for another; a drudge.— 
fag* •end", n. The frayed end, as of a rope; 
a remnant. 

fag'ot, 1 fag'at; 2 f&ft'ot, n. A bundle of 
sticks, as used for fuel, fajr/goti. 

Fah'ren-helt, 1 fa'ren-hoit; 2 fa'ren-hlt, a. 
Designating that thermometer-scale in 
which the freesing*point of water is 32* 
and the boiling-point 212°: named from 
Fahrenheit, German physicist (1686-1736). 

fa-lence', 1 fa-yans'; 2 ffi-yanc', n. A 
kind of majolica, usually highly decorated. 

fall, 1 fel; 2 fal, v. 1. 1. To be wanting 
to; disappoint. II. i. To prove inade- 
quate; waste away; decline; dwindle; be 
unsuccessful or insolvent.— falling, *. A 
minor fault; foible; Infirmity; failure. 

fall 'ure ; 1 fsl'yur; 2 fnl'yur, n. 1. The 
act of failing, or the state of having 
failed; cessation; neglect; bankruptcy. 2. 
That which fails; anything unsuccessful. 

fain, 1 fSn; 2 fan. I. a. 1. Reluctantly 
willing; content. 2. Glad; rejoiced. U|. 
adv. Gladly. 

1: artistic, art; fat, fa>e; fast ;get^prty;Mt, police;^ 

S: art,ape,fat,fare,fast,what,^U; me\g6t,pr$y, fern; hit,Ioe; 1=6; i=e; g6,ndt,6r, w*n- 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


feint, 1 fSnt; 2 fftnt. I d . vi. To swoon; 
become spiritless: despond; grow weak; 
fade; vanish. II. a. 1. Despondent; 
timid; weak. 2. Indistinct; feeble; dim. 
IILn. A swoon. "If, adv. -ness,n. 

fair, 1 far; 2 far, a. 1. Free from cloud or 
blemish; sunshiny; clear. 2. Impartial; 
just; according to rule. 3. Having light 
color or complexion. 4. Pleasing; beau- 
tiful; flattering; plausible. 5. Tolerable; 
passable. 6. In the direction of a ship's 
course, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

fair, n. An exhibit of wares or products; 
a stated market. 

fair, adv. In a fair manner ; fairly. 

falr'y, 1 fart; 2 far'y, ». [-ies«, pi] An 
imaginary being of small size and super- 
natural power. 

frith, 1 fSth; 2 ffith, n. A firm belief; 
trust; a religious creed; honor; fidelity. 

— falth'ful, a. Trustworthy; accurate; 
truthful; firm In faith.— falth'tal-ly, adv. 

— falth'ful-ness, n.— faithless, a. Un- 
faithful; untrustworthy; unbelieving, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n. 

fa-kfr', 1 fs-klr'; 2 fa-klr', n. An Oriental 

ffcl'chlon. 1 fel'tfhen; 2 faj'chon, n. A 

broad-bladed sword. 
fal'eon, 1 fe'kn or falTcen 

fal'eon, n. A 

diurnal bird of 

prey; hawk.— 

fal'con-er,l fe'- 
kn- ar; 2 fa'en-er, n, 

who breeds, trains, or 

hunts with falcons for 

sport.- fal'eon-ry, l fe'- 

kn-n; 2 fa'en-ry. n. The 

training or using of falcons 

Mi'TfSfl'of.i ~ r™, Great-footedFal- 
f *? , H 0,; o 2f <8 1 i' W * ^^ con. or Duck- 

1 fe ' 2 ,? l L F ^ LLEN j hawk. i/,o 

falling.] 1. To descend 

by the force of gravity; drop; sink: decline; 
decrease; droop; die. 2. To sin; err; 
apostatise. 3. To pass or be transferred 
as by chance, inheritance, etc.; happen; 
come to pass — falTen, a. Overthrown; dis- 
graced; ruined; dead. 

fallen. 1. The act of falling. 2. A water- 
fall. 3. Autumn. 4. The rope of a tackle. 

falla-ey, 1 fal'e-si; 2 fftl'a-cy, n. [-cies*, 

el Delusion; error; false reasoning.— fal- 
'ctous, l fa-le'shus; 2 fa-la'shus, a. De- 
eettful; deceptive, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 
falll-hle, \l fal'i-bl; 2 fal'i-bl, a. Liable 
fhlH-M r , /to error; misleading.- falll-bll'- 
l-ty, n. fal 7 lt-W(e-nessPj.-fal'!l-bly, 

2 fa/en or 



fallow, 1 fal'o; 2 fal'o. I. vt. & vi. To 
make, keep, 6r become fallow. II. a. 1. 
Left unseeded after being plowed; un- 
cultivated; neglected. 2. Pale-yellow or 
pale-red. III. n. Land left fallow; also, 
cleared woodland.— fallow deer, a Euro- 
pean deer, about 3 feet high. 

false, 1 fols; 2 fals. I. a. Contrary J 

truth or fact; counterfeit; artificial; 
correct; not real; unfaithful; treacherc 
II. ado. Falsely.— falsehood, n. Falsentxrfr- 
untruthfulness; a lie; counterfeit.— falsely* 
adv.— false'ness, n. The quality or state of 
being false.— fal"sl-fl-ca'tlon, l fel'si-fi-ke'- 
Shan; 2 f al'sl-fi-e&'shon, n. The act or process 
of falsifying; a false statement.— fal'sl-fl^er, 
n- fal'sl-fy, 1 feTsi-fal; 2 fal'si-fl, vt.AvU 
[-fied;-fy"inq.1 To misrepresent; disprove; 
counterfeit; tamper with or pervert; lie.— 
fal'sl-ty, 1 fel'si-ti; fal'si-ty, n. [-ties*, plj 
The quality of being false; a false statement, 
thing, or appearance. 

fal-set'to, 1 fel-set'o; 2 fal-set'o, n. The 
artificial tones of the voice, higher than 
the natural voice. 

fal'ter, 1 fel'ter; 2 faster, vt. & vi. To 
speak brokenly; act with weakness; 
waver; totter.— fal'ter-ing-ly, adv. 

fame, 1 fern; 2 fam, n. Public reputation; 
renown; rumor.— famed, a. 

fa-mil 'iar, 1 fa-mil'yer; 2 fa-mll'yar. I. a. 

1. Well acquainted; thoroughly versed. 

2. Intimate; informal; forward; free. 3. 
Well known; common; unaffected. II. n. 

1. A familiar friend. 2. An attendant 
demon. 3. A servant of the Inquisition. 
-ly, adv.— fa-mill-art-ty, n. I-tebs*, jtf 4 
The state of being familiar; Intimacy; uncere- 
moniousness; freedom.— fa-mlTlar-lxo, vt. 
[-izbd; -iz"inq.1 To make familiar; accustom. 

fam'I-Iy, 1 fam'i-h; 2 f&m'My. La. Of, 
belonging to, or suitable for a family. II. 
n. [-lies*, pi] 1. A group of persons, 
consisting of parents and their children; 
a household; house; line; clan; tribe; race. 

2. Distinguished or ancient lineage; de- 
scent. 3. A class or group of like or re- 
lated things. 

famine, 11 fam'in; 2 fam'in, n. A wide* 
fam'in", j spread scarcity of food; dearth. 
famish*, 1 fam'isli; 2 f&m'ish, vt. & vi. To 

perish or cause to perish from hunger or 

thirst; starve. 
fa 'moos, 1 fS'mus; 2 fa'miis, a. Having 

fame; celebrated; renowned, -ly, adv. 
fan, 1 fan; 2 fan. L vt. [panned, fand*; 

fan'ninq.J To excite, as fire, by a fan; 

winnow, as grain. It. n. A light, flat 

implement or other device for agitating 

the air. 

1: • = final; i = habit; cdsle; ttu = out; ell; lftsf«ud;^hin; go; rj=sin^; thin, tola. 
S: wolf, dn; btibk, btfot; full, rule, cllre, but, burn; Ail, boy; fco, gem; ink; thin, tfcia, 

Digitized t!y VjOOQlC 


fa-natlc, 1 fa-nat'ik; 2 fa-n&t'ie. n. One 
intemperate in seal; a religious sealot. 

— fa-nati-caL a. fa-natlc}.— fa-natl- 
eaMy, adv.— fa-natl-elsm, n. The spirit 
or conduct of a fanatic; unreasonable seal. 

fan'efc-er, 1 fan'si-er; 2 f&n'ci-er, n. 1. A 
breeder and seller of birds and animals; 
an amateur. 2. A dreamer. 

fan'd-ful, 1 fan'm-ful; 2 fan'ci-ful, a. 
Proceeding from or produced by fancy; 
ideal; odd; unreal; visionary; whimsical. 
-ly, adv. -ness, n. 

fan'ey, 1 fan'si; 2 fan'ey. I. vt. & vi. 
[vaitcisd; fan'ov-ino.] To suppose; 
conceive in the fancy; have a notion of; 
form a fancy; imagine; take a liking to. 
II. a. Pertaining to or proceeding from 
fancy. III. n. [fan'cieb 8 , pf.J 1. The 
power or act of forming mental images at 
random; imagination in its lower form. 
2. A visionary notion; vagary. 3. A lik- 
ing; that which one tikes; a pet pursuit; 
hobby; fad. 

fan-dan 'go, 1 fan-dan'go; 2 fan-dan'go, n. 
A Spanish dance. 

Cane, 1 fen; 2 fan, n. A sanctuary; temple. 

fang, 1 fan; 2 fang, n. A long tooth or 
tusk, as of a serpent; the root of a tooth. 

— fanged, a. 

Canna-sTa, 1 fonta-sTa or fan-tfi'n-e; 2 f&n*- 
ta-efft or fan-ta'sj-a, n. Mus. A fanciful 
composition of irregular form. 

fan'tasm, ) 1 fan'tazm; 2 fan't&gm, n. 

pban'tasm, /An imaginary appearance; 
afantom; fancy. 

fan-tas'mal, ) 1 fan-tax'mel; 2 fan-ta§'- 

phan-tas'mal, J mal, a. Relating to or of 
the nature of a fantasm; unsubstantial; 
apparitional; imaginary; illusive, fan-tas'- 
mlci; fan-tas'nri-ealt.— fan-tas'mal-ly, 
fan-tas'ml-eal-ly, adv. 

fan-tas'tic, 1 fan-tas'tik; 2 fan-tas'tie, a. 
1» Odd; grotesque; capricious; whimsical. 
%. Fanciful: illusory, fan-tas'tt-cal*.— fan- 
tas'tl-eal-lr, adv. 

flan'ta-sy, \\ fan'ta-si: 2 fan'ta-sy, n. 

phan'ta-sy,J[-siES», pl.\ Fancy; a fan- 
tastic notion, device, or design. 

fan'tom, )1 fan'tom; 2 fan'tom, n. 

phan'tom, J Something that exists only in 
appearance; an apparition; ghost; spec- 
ter; a vision; an illusion; mirage: often 
used adiectively; as, a fantom ship.— 
fan-tom'tc, a. Denoting that which is in 
the nature of a fantom. fantom-atlei; 
faa-toml-cal*.— fan-toml-cal-ly, adv. 

gar* 1 far; 2 far. I. a. [far'ther or fur'- 
theb; far'thest or ftjr'thest.] Re- 
mote; distant; reaching a long way. II. 
adv. 1. At a distance. 2. To a great 

distance or degree; by very much. *. 
From afar, 

far'ad, 1 far'ad; 2 far'ad, a. The practical 
unit of electromagnetic capacity: named 
from the English chemist and physicist 
Faraday (1791-1867). 

farce, 1 fdrs; 2 fare, n. A short, grotesque 
comedy; something* ridiculous; an absurd 
faMure.-fai'el-cal.lfur'avkel; SAr'cft-eal. 
a. BurlesQue; absurd. 

fare, 1 farj 2 far. I. vi. [fared; wjaftmaA 
To be in any state; get on; happen: turn 
out; be provided as. regards food and 
drink. BLn. 1. Passage-money. 2. Ajj 
senger. 8. Food and drink; diet; c 

fare'well'Ul far'wel'; .2 far'weV. La, 

fare'wel'p, / Parting; closing. IL n. A 
parting salutation; a good-by: adieu; 
parting. III. interj. May yon nn wett. 
used only at parting. 

fa-rl'na, 1 fa-rl'na or -rai'ns; 2 fa-ftfna or 
-rt'na, n. A meal or flour made from In- 
dian corn or other cereals.— far'T-na'eeous, 
1 farVafi'Shus; 2 farl-na'shus. a. t. Con- 
sisting or made of meal or flour. Z. Coa* 
taming or yielding starch. 

farm, 1 form; 2 farm, v. 1. 1. i. To culti- 
vate as a farm. 2. To contract for at a 
fixed percentage, as taxes, etc II. i. To 
carry on fanning; be a farmer.— farm'er, a. 
One who farms; an agriculturist.— farming* 
n. The management of or labor on a farm; 

farm, 1 farm ; 2 f firm, n. A landed property 
devoted to agriculture. (game at cards. 

far'o, 1 far'o or ftfro; 2 far'o or f&'ro, n. A 

far'ri-er, 1 far'i-er; 2 far'i-er, n. One who 
shoes horses; a veterinary surgeon.— 
far'ri-er-y, n. The business or stoop of a 

far'row, 1 far'o: 2 far'o. I. vL k. vi. To 
give birth to; bring forth young: said of 
swine. II. n. A little pig, or a litter of pigs. 

far'row, a. Not producing young during a 
given year, as a cow. (of van. 

far'ther, farthest, o. A adv., eompar. a-svserf. 

far 'thing, 1 for' thin: 2 far' thing, n. One- 
fourth of a penny, or about one-half of a 

fas'ci-nate, 1 fas'i-net; 2 faVi-uftt. if. 6 
vi. [-NAT*BD d ; -nat'inoJ To bewitch; 
enchant; captivate.— fas'd-na'fSaB,*. The 
act of fascinating; enchantment; charm. 

fash 'Ion, 1 faaVan; 2 fash'on. I. vt. To 
frame; mold; make; fit. IX «. 1. The 
prevailing mode, as in dress. 2. Man- 
ner; method; way. 8. The make or shape 
of a thing; appearance; form.- fssfc l ssi a 
bKe*,a. Conforming to the fashion: ap- 
provedbypoliteusage.— faahTe n- o -h iy, mdv. 

1: artiatic,ort;fat,fire;fost;get, prey; hit, police; obey, g6;net,er; foil, rtUe;bsjt» 
S: Irt»ape, fat,fare,fast,what, aU; me\g*t,pre.y,fern; hit, Ice; I=6;i~e;g*,net,er 1 

* Digitized by VjOOQlC 

! fiat, s*. To abstain from 

I* a. Abstinence from food. 

■m-*ol Firm; secure; lasting; stedfast. 

— fast*, adv. Firmly; securely; soundly. 
CM****. 1. Swift; speedy. 2. Ahead of the 

standard, as a timepiece. 8. Dissipated; 

dissolute.- fast>, adv. Rapidly: swiftly. 
EMS* *. Abstinence from food, or a period 

prescribed for it.- fast' .day", a. A day set 

apart for religious fasting. 
ftnat'en, 1 farn; 2 fas'n, v. 1. 1. To make 

fast; seeure; attach; fix; bind. II. i. To 

take fast hold; cleave; cling.— fast'en-er, a. 

One who or that which fastens.— fast'en- 

taCt*. 1* The act of making fast. 2. That 

which fastens, as a bolt. 
gaa-tftd'l-ous, 1 fas-tid'i-us; 2 fas-tid'i-tts, 

a. Hard to please; overnice; squeamish. 

. 1 fnst'nes; 2 fast'nes, n. 1. A 
fortress; stronghold. 2. The state of be- 
ing fast. 

as, 1 fat; 2 fat. I. sf . & vC [fat'ted*; 
fat'tiho.] To fatten. II. o. [fat'ter; 
fat'tbst.] !• Having much fat; oorpu- 
lent; plump. 2* Prosperous: thriving; 
lucrative. III. n. 1. A white greasy 
eompownd found in animal or vegetable 
I issues 2. The richest part of anything. 
-taffy, odt.-fat'ness, a. 

fetal, 1 festal; 2 fa'tal. a. 1. Bringing or 
connected with death or ruin; destruc- 
tive; deadly; ominous. 2. Fateful.— fa'- 
taMtam, a. The doctrine that every event 
Is predetermined and Inevitable.— fatal- 
ist, a. A believer In fatalism.- fa-tal'- 
f-ty, 1 fa-tal'i-tt; 2 fa-t&n-ty, n. [-tiess, #.] 
1. A state of being fated; destiny. 2. A 
fatal event; death.- fa'tal-!?, adv. Ruin- 
ously: mortany. 

1 fSt: 2 fat, n* 1* Predetermined and 
ble necessity; destiny; fortune; lot; 
doom; death. 2. p*. fF-J O. & Rom. 
Myth. The three goddesses supposed to 
control sO destinies.— fat'ed, pa. Appointed 
by f*te; destined; doomed.— fateful, a. 

1. Determined by fate; deciding destiny. 

2. Fatal. 

gather, 1 fa'tfaer; 2fa'ther. I. si. 1. To 
adopt. 2. To charge the responsibility 
for: with on or upon. II. n. 1. The male 
parent of a child. 2. Any male ancestor; 
forefather; patriarch. 3. A venerable 
man; priest; clergyman; ancient church 
writer; author; founder. 4. [F-J The 
Deity: God; the first person in the Trin- 
ity.— father-hood, a. The state or rela- 
tion of a father.- father dn Haw", n. The 
father of one's spouse.— father-land", n. 
The land of one's birth.— fa'ther-Iess, a, 
Mov having a living father.- fa'ther-ll- 


ness, n — fa'ther-ly, a. Of or pertaining 

to a father; paternal. 

fath'om, 1 fath'om: 2 fath'om. I. »f. To 
find the depth of; sound; comprehend. 
II. n. [fath'oms or fath'om, pi.] A 
measure of length, 6 feet.— fath'om-less, a. 
Unfathomable.— fath'om-a-bKe 1 , a. 

fa-tigue', 1 fjntlg'; 2 fa-tig 7 . I. tt. [fa- 
tigued'; fa-tiou'ing.1 To weary; tire out. 
II. n. Exhaustion of strength by toil; 
weariness; also, labor, 

fat ling, 1 fat'hn; 2 fat'ling. I. a. Fat: 
plump. II. n. A young animal fattened 
for slaughter. 

fat 'ten, 1 fat'n; 2 fat'n, vt. 4c vt. To make 
or become fat, plump, or productive ; grow 

fat'ty, 1 fat'i; 2 fat'y, a. Fat; unctuous. 
-fat'tl-ness, n. 

fafu-ous, 1 fat'yu-os; 2 fat'yu-iis, a. Stub- 
bornly foolish; idiotic; inane.— fa-tuT-ty, 
1 fa-tifl'i-ti; 2 fa-tu'1-ty, n. Obstinate or 
conceited folly; imbecility. 

fau'cet, 1 fe'set; 2 fa'cet, n. A spout with a 
valve, for drawing liquids through a pipe. 

fault, 1 felt; 2 fait, n. 1. An offense; fail- 
ing; neglect. 2. A defect; blemish; break 
in strata.— faultless, a. Without fault. -Jy, 
adv. -ness, n.— fault'y, a. Having faults; er- 
roneous; wrong.— faulfWy, ode.— faultt- 
ness, a. 

faun, 1 fen; 2 fan, n. Rom. Myth. A deity 
of the woods and herbs, half-human, with 
pointed ears and goats' feet. 

fau'na, 1 fe'ne; 2 fa/na, n. [fau'njb, 
1 fe'nl, 2 fft'nS, or fau'nas, 1 fe'nes, 2 
fa/nag, pi.] The animals living within a 
given area or a stated period. 

fa'vor, 1 fe'ver; 2 f&'vor. I. vt. 1. To 
treat with favor: befriend; promote. 2. 
[CoUoq.] To look like. II. n. 1. Kind 
feeling; a kind and helpful act; a token; 
a letter. 2H. Aspect; looks; beauty.— fa'- 
vor-a-bl(e p , a. Convenient; advantageous; 
friendly.— fa'vor-a-bly, adv.— fa'vor-er, n. 

fa'vor-ite, \ 1 f§'ver-it; 2 f&'vor-it. I. o. 

fa'vor-lt 8 , J Favored; preferred. II. n. A 
person or thing particularly liked or fa- 
vored.— fa'voMt-lsm, a. A favoring un- 
fairly; partiality. 

fawn, 1 fen; 2 fan, vt. To show cringing 
fondness, as a dog. 

fawn, n. A young deer; a light yellowish- 
brown color. 

fay, 1 f6; 2 fa, n. A fairy. 

F clef. Mus. The base clef: an Indication 
that F below the middle C is on the fourth 
line of the staff. 

fe'al-ty, 1 fFel-ti; 2 fe'al-ty 
as c " 

il-ty, 1 ffel-ti; 2 fe'al-ty, n. Fidelity, 
s of a vassal to his lord; loyalty. 

1* »Kthml; I = habit; aisle; ausoat; ell; Msfeiid; iJhln; go; rjssslngr; thin, 

* Wflf;ds; bMc, Mot; full, rule, cure, bat, burn; oil, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, thhv 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


fear, 1 fir; 2 f€r. I. vt. & vi. To be appre- 
hensive or afraid of; be fearful or afraid; 
venerate; revere. II. n. 1. An emotion ex- 
cited by threatening or apprehended evil; 
alarm; dread; terror. 2. A cause of fear. 
S. Reverence; awe.— fear'ful, a. 1. Afraid; 
apprehensive; timid. 2. Inspiring fear; ter- 
rible, -ly, adv. -ness, n.— fearless, a. 
Being without fear. -If, adv. -ness, n. 

— fearsome, a. FearfuL 
fea'sl-ble,U fl'm-bl; 2 fe's>bl, a. That 
fea'sl-bl*, j may be done; practicable. 

- fea'sl-bM-ty, n. Capability of being 
effected or accomplished; practicability.— 
fea'sl-bl(e-ness p , n.— fea'si-bly, adv. 

feast, 1 fist; 2 fest. l d ,tt. Avi. To give or 
enjoy a feast; delight. II. n. A sump- 
tuous repast; great enjoyment; a festivals 

feat, 1 fit; 2 fet, n. A notable act or per- 
formance, as one showing skill, endur- 
ance, or daring. 

feath'er,) 1 feth'ar; 2 feth'er. I. vt. A vi. 

feth'er*, J 1. To cover or be covered with 
feathers. 2. To turn the blade of (an 
oar) nearly horizontal in recovering. II. 
n. 1. One of the fluffy growths that form 
the plumage of a bird. 2. In rowing, the 
act of feathering.— feath'ered, a.— feath'- 
er-y, a. Covered with or resembling feath- 
ers; light, soft, or fluffy. 

fea'ttire, 1 fl'dhur or -tiur; 2 fg'chur or -tQr, 
n. 1. Any part of the human face. 2. 
pi. The face. 3. A salient point. 

feb'rlle, ) 1 feb'nl or fl'bnl; 2 feb'ril or fg'- 

feb'rll 8 , j bril, a. Pertaining to fever. 

Feb'ru-a-ry, 1 feb'ru-6-n; 2 feVru-a-ry { n. 
The second month of the year, having 
twenty-eight or, in leap-years, twenty* 

« nine days. 

fe'ees, 1 fl'sfz; 2 fe'ees, n. pi. Animal excre- 
ment, fae'ces*.— fe'cal, l fiTtel; 2 fe^eal, a. 

fee 'and, 1 fek'und or fl'kund; 2 f 8c' find 
or fe'eund, a. Fruitful; proline— fecun- 
date, vt. (-DAT"BD<i; -dat"ino.1 To make 
fruitful; impregnate.— fe-cun'dl-ty, n. Pro- 
ductiveness; fruitfulness. 

fed, 1 fed; 2 fed, imp. of feed, v. 
fed'er-al, 1 fed'er-sl; 2 fed'Sr-al, a. 1. 

Pertaining to a union of states under one 
general government. 2. Pertaining to a 
treaty, league, or covenant.— fed'er-ate. I. 
vt. A vi. To unite in a federation. II, a. 
Leagued; confederate: federal.— fed"er-a'» 
Hon, l fed'er-e'rfhan; 2 f6d "er-a'shon, n. The 
act of uniting under a federal government; 
a federated body; league. 

fee, 1 fl; 2 fS, vt. [feed; fee'ing.] To pay 
a fee to; tip; hire; bribe. 

fee 1 , n. 1. A payment, as for professional 
service. 2. A charge for some privilege. 

fee*, n. 1. Law. An estate of inheritance. 
2. Feudal Law. A fief. S. Ownership; 
property.— fee simple, an estate of Inheri- 
tance free from condition. 

fee'ble, ) 1 fl'hl ; 2 f€'bl, a. Lacking strength 

fee'bl*, /or vigor; weak.— fee'Me-ness, a. 
— feenMy, adv. 

feed. 1 fid; 2 fed. I. vt. A vi. [fed, 1 fed, 
2 fed; feed'ing.] To give food to; use 
for food; take food; eat; nourish; supply. 
IJL n. Food, as of animals. 

feel, 1 ill; 2 fel, v. [felt, 1 felt, 2 felt; 
feel'ing.] I. t. 1. To perceive, as by 
the touch. 2. To be conscious of; be 
moved by. II. *. 1. To have (a speci- 
fied) feeling; as, to feel cold. 2. To give a 
sensation to the touch; as, to feel rough. 
9. To be fatt of feeling.- feeder, n. 1. One 
who or that which feels. 2. An antenna; ten- 
tacle. S. An indirect approach; a venture.— 
feeling. I. pa. Possessed of warm sensibili- 
ties; sympathetic; fervent; impassioned. II* 
n. Touch; sensation; sentiment; emotion; 
sensibility, -ly, adv. 

feet, 1 fit; 2 fit, n. Plural of foot. 

feign,) 1 fen; 2fen,t>. I. t. 1. To simulate; 

feln p , j pretend. 2. To invent or imagine. 
IL i. To dissimulate.— feign'ed-ly, adv. 

feint, 1 f6nt; 2 fent. I<*. vi. To make a 
feint. II. n. An appearance assumed to 
mislead; a deceptive movement; pre- 
tended attack. 

f eld 'spar", 1 feld'spar'; 2 feld'spar", n. A 
mineral consisting chiefly of aluminum 
and silica. feld'spath"*. 

fe-lic'i-tate, 1 fi-lis'i~tet; 2 fe-Wc'i-t&t, vt. 
[-tat 'ED d ; -tat 'ing.] To wish joy or hap- 
piness to — fe-Mc^l-ta'tlon, n. 

fe-Ucl-ty, 1 fi-lis'i-ti; 2 fe-Wc'i-ty. n. 
[-ties*, pi.] 1. Happipess; content; bliss, 
2. Happy faculty; a clever expression;, 
appropriateness.— fe-llcl-tons, a. Marked 
by or producing felicity; happy; appropri- 
ate. 'If, adv. 

feline, 1 ff loin; 2 fe'lln, a. Of or pertain- 
ing to cats; cat-like; sly. 

fell, 1 fel; 2 fel, vt. 1. To cause to fall; 
cut down. 2. To finish with a fell (com- 
pare fell 1 , n.) : said of seams.— fell'er, n. 

fell, imp. of fall, v. 

fell, a. Fierce; cruel; inhuman; hideous. 

fell 1 , n. A seam finished with a flat, 
smooth strip. 

fell*, n. 1. Hair. 2il. A hide or pelt. 

fellah, 1 fel'a; 2 fel'a, n. [fbl'lahss or fel"- 
lah-een', pl.\ A peasant; laborer, as in 

felloe, l fel'o; 2feTo, n. SameasFELLT. 

fellow. 1 fel'o; 2 fel'o. I. o. Joined; asso- 
ciated; associate. II. n. 1. A person; 

1 : artistic, 6tt ; fa t, fare ; fast ; get, prty ; Mt, pollra^ 

2: art,ape,fat,fare,fast^what,all;m€,g6t,prsy,fern; hit,Ice;I=S;i=e;g6\nftt,6r,w*n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ L€ 


companion; counterpart; equal. 2. An 
inferior or worthless person. 3. The 
holder of a fellowship. 4. A member of 
a society.— fellow 'feeling, l fel'o-ffl'io; 2 
fa'o-f511ng, n. Sympathy.— fellow-ship, 1 
fel'o-snip; 2 feTo-shlp, n. 1. The state of 
being a comrade or companion; friendly 
intercourse; communion. 2. A band; com- 
pany. 3. A privileged position, as of a grad- 
uate in a college. 

felly, Ufel'i,fel'o;2fery,fero,n. [fel'- 

felloe, J lies 1 , fel'loes*, pi.] A segment 
of the rim of a wooden wheel. 

fel'on, 1 fel'en; 2 fel'on. I. a. 1. Ob- 
tained by felony. 2. Wicked; crimi- 
nal; treacherous. II. n. 1. One who 
has committed a felony. 2. Inflammation 
o£ the periosteum, as on a finger: 

feTo-ny, 1 feTo-ni; 2 feTo-ny, n. [-nies«, 
pi.] A grave or capital crime.— fe-lo'nl-ous, 
1 n-lo'ni-us; 2 fe-Wnl-us, a. Showing 
criminal purpose, -ly, adv. [feldspar. 

rd'spar", 1 fel'spar'; 2 feTspar'. n. Same as 

felt, 1 felt; 2 felt, n. A fabric of matted 
wool, fur, or hair. 

relt, imp. of feel. v. 

fe-fuc'ca, 1 h-Juk'»; 2 fe-lfic'a, n. A small, 
swift, Mediterranean coasting-vessel, pro- 
pelled by triangular sails and oars. 

ft 'male, 1 fl'mSl; 2 fe'mal. I. a. Of or 
pertaining to the sex that brings forth 
young or produces ova; feminine. II. n. 
A person or animal of the female sex. 

fernl-nlne,) 1 fem'i-nin; 2 feWi-nln, a. 

fem 1-nln 8 , J Belonging to or characteristic 
of womankind; womanly.— feml-nin'1-ty, 
n. fem't-nlne-nesat. 

fem'o-ral, 1 fem'o-ral; 2 fem'o-ral, a. Per- 
taining to the thigh. 

fen, 1 fen; 2 fen, n. A marsh; bog. 

fence, ) 1 fens; 2 fenc, v. [fenced*; fenc / - 

fense p , /inq.) I. t. To enclose with a 
fence; secure; protect. II. i. 1. To prac- 
tise with a foil or sword; strive skilfully, 
as in debate. '}. To provide a fence or 
defense.— fenCer, n — fencing, n. 1. The 
art of attacking and defending, as with a 
foil or sword. 2. Material for fences; fences 

k'enee, n. 1. A structure, as of rails, for 
enclosing land; a defense; shield; bul- 
wark. 2. The use of weapons, as in fenc- 
ing: repartee. 

fend", 1 fend; 2 fend, v. I. L To ward 
off; defend; guard. II. i. To fence; 
parry.— fend'er, l fend'er; 2 fend'er, n. 
One who or that which defends or wards off; 
any protecting device, as a guard before an 
open fire. 

IVnt-an, 1 fl'ni-en; 2 ffi'ni-an, n. One of 


an Irish society seeking independence for 
Ireland.— Fe'nl-an-lsm, n. 

fen'nel, 1 fen'el; 2 fen'el, n. A tall aro- 
matic European herb with yellow flowers. 

fer-ment' d , 1 fer-ment'; 2 fer-ment', v. I. 
t. To produce fermentation in; agitate. 
II. i. To undergo fermentation; be in 
agitation.— fer- menfa- bill- ty, n.— fer- 
ment'a-bl(ep or -l-bl(e p , a. 

fer'ment, 1 fur'ment; 2 feVment, n. 1. 
A substance productive of fermentation. 
2. Excitement or agitation.— fer"men-ta'- 
tlon, n. 1. A chemical decomposition of an 
organic compound, as- of sugar in the pro- 
duction of alcohol. 2. Commotion; excite- 
ment.— fer-men'ta-tlvCe 8 , a: Causing, or 
capable of causing, fermentation; fermenting. 

fern, 1 turn; 2 fern, n. A fleweriess plant 
with feathery leaves.— 
fern'y, a. Abounding in 
or resembling ferns. 

fe-ro 'clous, 1 fi-ro'sffius; 
2 fe-ro'shus, a. Fierce; 
savage; rapacious, -ly, 
adv. -ness, n .— fe-roc'l- 
ty, 1 n-res'i-ti; 2 fe-roc'l- 
ty, n. [-ties*, pl.\ The 
state or quality of being 
ferocious; fierce cruelty. 

-ferous, suffix. Producing, 
containing, yiel ding ; as, 

fer'ret, 1 fer'et; 2 feV8t. 
I*. vt. 1. To find by 
keen search: without. 2. 
To hunt with ferrets. II.. 
n. A weasel-like carni-\ 
vore, usually white with „ 
red eyes: used to hunt 
rabbits, rats, etc. 

fer'rt-age, 1 f erVij ; 2 feV- 
i-ag, n. The act of ferrying; conveyance 
by ferry; toll charged for ferrying. 

fer-ru'gf-nous, 1 fe-ru'ji-nus; 2 fe-ru'gi- 
nus, a. Of or like iron. 

fer 'rule, 1 fe^il or -ill ; 2 feVil or -ul, n. A 
metal ring or cap, as on the end of a cane. 

fer'ry, 1 fer'i; 2 feVy. I. vt. A vi. [fer'- 
bied; fer'ry-ino.] To convey or go over 
water on a boat. II. n. [fer'ries 8 , pi.] 
A system of ferriage; boat for crossing a 
river or the like; place of crossing by 
boat.— fer'ry •boat", n.— fer'ry-man, n. 

fer 'tile, 11 fur'tal: 2 feVtil, a. Producing, 

fer 'til 8 , J or capable of producing, abun- 
dantly; fruitful; plentiful.— fer r til(e-ly«, 
adv.- fer-till-ty, n. fer'tll(e-ness»** 

fer'tll-ize or -Ise, 1 fur'til-ois; 2 feVtfl-fc, 
vt. [-ized; -ie "inc.] To render fertile or 
fruitful; enrich. 


Is • = final; 1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; 111 = feud; iJhln; go; 13 = sing; Chin, this. 
t: wolf, do,; book, boot; fall, rule, care, but, barn; dll, boy; So, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by UOOQ L€ 


fertile, 1 fer'ul; 2 feVul, n. A flat stick 
for punishing children. 

fer'vettt, 1 f ur'vent; 2 ferVent, a. 1. Ar- 
dent in feeling; fervid, fc. Burning; hot. 
-ly, aft. -ness, n.— fer'ven-ey, n. Fer- 
Tor; seal. 

fer"?M, 1 fuT^nd; 2 f5rMd, o. 1. Burning 
with zeal; eager; vehement. 2. Hot; 
fiery. -Iy,ad9.— rer-rldl-ty, fer*Tld-ness,n. 

fer'ror, 1 fur'ver; 2 fervor, n. 1. In- 
tensity of feeling; ardor; seal. 2. Heat; 

fes'tal, 1 fes'tal; 2 fes'tal, a. Pertaining 
to a festival or a feast; festive, -ly, adv. 

fes'ter, 1 fes'ter; 2 feVter. I. vt. &«. To 
ulcerate; corrupt. II. n. The act of 
festering; an uloerous sore. 

fes'tt-val, 1 fes'ti-vel; 2 feVti-val. I. a. 
Festive. II. n. A period of feasting or 

fes'tlve, ) 1 fes'tiv; 2 fes'tiv, a. Pertaining 

fes'tiv*, /or suited to a feast; gay. See 
feast.— f«s'tlve»ly, adv.— fes-tlvf-ty, n. 
(-ties*, pi.) A festive celebration; gaiety; 

fes- toon', 1 fes-tun'; 2 fes-toon'. I. vt. 
To decorate with or make into festoons. 
II. n. A decorative band hanging in a 
curve between two points. 

fe'tal* 1 ff'tel; 2 fS'tal, a. Of or pertaining 
to a fetus, faytall. 

fetch, U fedh; 2 fech. I*, vt. 1. To go 

fech p « /after and bring; bring; convey; ac- 
complish; reach. 2. Tobringasaprice. II. 
«. 1. An act of fetching. 2. A stratagem. 

fSte, 1 ffit: 2 ffit. n. A festival; holiday. 

fetich, fe'tlch-Ism, etc. Same as fetish, etc. 

fetid, 1 fet'id; 2 fet'id, a. Emitting an of- 
fensive odor, -ness, n. 

fe'tteh, 1 fl'tiali or fet'ish; 2 fg'tish or feV- 
ish, n. An object worshiped among 
savages as the incarnation of a spirit.— 
fe'dfth-lsm, n. 

fetlock, 1 fetlek; 2 feVUSk, n. The tuft 
of hair above a horse's hoof; also, the 
projection and the joint at this place. 

fet'ter, 1 fet'er; 2 fgf er. I. vt. To fasten 
fetters upon; shackle. II. n. A shackle 
for the feet; any bond. [spring. 

fe'tns, 1 fl'tus; 2 fC'tus, n. Unborn off- 
feud 1 , 1 fiQd; 2fud,n. Vindictive hostility 
between families or clans, commonly 

feud*, n. Land held of a superior on con- 
dition ot rendering service.— feu'dal, l fitr*- 
dal; 2 fu'dal, a. Pertaining to the relation 
of lord and vassal.— feu'daMsm, n. The 
medieval European system of land-tenure on 
condition of military servloe. feudal sys- 
tem!.— feu'da-to-ry. La. Holding or held 

by feudal tenure. II. n. [-ares*, pi.] A vassal 
or the lands held by him.— feu'dal-ly, adv. 

fe'ver, 1 ft'var; 2 ffi'ver. I. vt. To affect 
with fever. II. n. 1. A disorder marked 
by high temperature, quickened pulse, 
etc. 2. Extreme excitement.— fCver-wh, a. 
Affected with fever; hot; Impatient. 

few, 1 fiu; 2 fu, a. Small or limited in 
number; not many.— few'nest, n. 

fez, 1 fez; 2 f£z, n. A brimless Turkish 
felt cap, usually red, with a black tassel: 
named from Fes, a city in Morocco. 

fl'an'ee'. 1 ffan'se'; 2 fTan'ce'. n. [n w - 
an'ceV, fern.] An affianced or betrothed 
person. [ating failure. 

fl-as'co, 1 fi-asTco; 2 fi-aVeo, n. A humili- 

fi'at, 1 fdi'at; 2 fl'at, n. An authoritative 

fib, 1 fib; 2 ffb. I. n. [fibbed, fibd*; 
fib'bing.1 To tell a fib. II. a. A petty 

fr*ber,U fairer; 2 ffber, n. 1. A fine 

ffbie,/ thread; a substance composed of 
threads or filaments. 2. The essence of 
anything; strength; nerve.— flPbrln, 1 foT- 
bnn; 2 ffbrln, n. A white threadlike sub- 
stance found in coagulated blood and in 
cereals.— ffbrous, o. Composed of or having 
the character of fibers. 

fickle, 11 fik'l; 2 flk/1. a. Inconstant; 

llek1 p , f changeful; capricious, -ness, ». 

flc'tile,n fik'til; 2 fle'til, a. Pertaining 

fle'til*, / to pottery ; plastic. 

fic'tton, 1 fiVsTien; 2 ffe'shon, n. A repre- 
senting of that which is not true; a fabric 
cation; fictitious narrative; novel — fle-tT- 
tlous, 1 nk-tlsn'os; 2 fle-tlsh'us, a. Imag- 
inary; counterfeit; false. 

fld'dle,llfid'l;2fld'I. I. vt. &». [fid'- 

fid1>, jdled, fid'ld*; FID'DLma.J To 
play on a fiddle; trifle or toy with. II. n. 
A violin.- fid'dler, n. 

ft-deit-ty, 1 fi-del 7 i-ti; 2 fi-d«W, n. 1. ' 
Faithfulness; loyalty. 2. Truthfulnees; 

fldg'et, 1 fij'et; 2 ftdtfH. I. a*. &vi. To 
make fidgety; worry; move restlessly. 
II. n. Nervous restlessness.-^ fids/et-y, a. 
Nervous; uneasy; restless. 

fle, 1 fai; 2 ft, infer/. An expression of im- 
patience or disapproval. 

lief, 1 flf ; 2 fSf, n. A landed estate held 
under feudal tenure. 

field, 1 ffld; 2 feld, n. 1. A large piece of 
land enclosed. 2. A region; open ex- 
panse; the open country. 8. A sphere of 
action; battle-ground; battle.- field' "day", 
n. A day devoted to open-air exercise, a» 
of troops; day of excitement; gala-day.— f.» 
glass, n. A small, portable terrestrial tele- 


*: Mrt,&pe, fat,,f are,fast^what > all; m«,get,prej, fern; hJt,Ioe; I=«;i=5; go,n4t,ftr, w*n. 

Digitized by VjjOOQLC 

scope, inonocular or binocular.— t.Jgwun. A 
eaimon mounted on wheels for rapid move- 
ment In the field — f. »marsbal, n. MIL A 
European general officer of the highest rank. 
— f. •officer, n. Mil. An officer above a 
captain and below a general: a major, lleu- 
tenant*eok>nel, or colonel.— f. 'piece, n. Same 
as KBLD-otm.— f.«sporte, n. pi. Outdoor 
sports, as hunting, shooting, and racing. 

laid, 1 find; 2 fend, n. 1. A devil ; demon. 
2. A devotee, as of opium.— fieadlsli, a. 
-ly, adv. -neat, *. 

MmIu 1 firs; 2 fere, a. Savage; ferocious; 
furious; passionate, -ly, adv. -nets, *. 

fler'y, 1 foir'r; 2 tVy, o. {fibb'i-er; fier'- 
i-est.J Of, pertaining to, or like fire; 
burning; hot; passionate; spirited.— fierT-ly, 
adv.— fiert-ness, n. 

life, 1 faif; 2 flf, n. A small shrill*toned 
fluto-l Ike martial wind-instrument.— fiTer, n. 

flf-teen', 1 fif-tm'; 2 flf-ten'. L a. Con- 
sisting of five more than ten. II. n. 
The sum of ten and five, or the symbols 
(15 or XV) representing this number.— 
fif-teeatb'. I. a. 1. Fifth In order after the 
tenth. 2. Being one of fifteen equal parts 
of a thing. II. *. One of fifteen equal parts 
of anything. 

fifth. 1 fifth; 2 fifth. I. a. t. Next in 
order alter the fourth. 2. Being one of 
five equal parts of a thing. II. n. One of 
five equal parts of anything.— fifthly, adv. 

sV'ty, 1 fiTti; 2 fifty. I. a. Consisting 
of ten more than forty or five times ten. 
II. n. [hf'toes", pi.) 1. The sum of 
ten and forty; five times ten. 2. The 
symbols representing this number.— fifti- 
eth. I. a. 1. Tenth in order after the for- 
tieth. 2. Being one of fifty equal parts of a 
thing. II. n. One of fifty equal parts. 

flg, 1 fig; 2 fig, n. The small sweet fruit 
of a tree, cultivated in warm climates; 
also, the tree. 

flght, 1 fait; 2 fit, v. [fought. 1 fet, 2 f6t; 
fight'inq.J I. U To contend with; carry 
on (a contest); direct in battle. IL. i. 
To contend or strive; give battle. 

ftgbt. n. Strife: battle; conflict; combat. 
-B%fat'er,n.-flght'1ng. L a. Qualified, 
equipped, or ready to fight; pertaining to or 
used for conflict, n. n. Strife; battle; con- 

ftg'ment, 1 fig'ment or -men t; 2 figment, 
n. Something imagined or feigned; a 

fig 'ore, l fig'yur; 2 fl&'yur, v. [fig'ured; 
no'tra-iNO.] I»t. 1. To form an image of; 
depict; imagine. 2. To mark with fig- 
ures. 2. To compute; calculate. 4. To 
symbolise; prefigure. TLi. 1. To make 
a figure; be conspicuous. 2. To compute; 


fif/ur-a-ttvCe*, «. 1. Metaphori- 
cal; symbolic; ornate; florid. 2. Pertaining 
to form or figure, -ly, adv. -ness, n. 

fie/Ufo, n. 1. Shape; appearance. 2. A 
drawing or other representation; figura- 
tive language; a metaphor; a type. 3. An 
active or conspicuous person; distinction. 
4. A numeral; henoe, amount; price, 5. 
One of the regular movements of a dance 
in which a certain set of steps is com- 
pleted.— flg'ured, a. 

flra-gree, n. Same as fiucreb. 

fiTa-ment, 1 fU'e-ment or -msnt; 2 flT- 
a-ment, n. A fine thread or fiber.— 
fiPa-men'toaa, a. Threadlike. 

fiTbert, 1 fil'bert; 2 ffl'bert, n. The nut of 

filch 4 , 1 fildh; 2 filch, vt. To steal in small 
amounts; pilfer.— filch'er, n. 

file 1 , 1 fail; 2 ftL I. vt. [filed; fii/ing.] To 
cut or sharpen with a file. II. n. A hard 
steel abrading instrument. 

1. vt. & vi. 1. To put on file, as 
papers. 2. To march in file, as soldiers. 
II. n. 1. Any device to keep papers in 

order for reference. 2. A collection of 
papers arranged for reference. 8. Mil. 
A row of men standing or marching one 
behind another. 4. A roll; list. 

filial, 1 fil'yal; 2 fll'yal, a. Of, pertaining 
to, or befitting a son or daughter; due to 
parents.— fll'IaJ-ly, adv. 

firi-fW, 1 fH'i-grf; 2 ffl'i-gra, n. Delicate 
ornamental work; anything fanciful but 

filing, 1 fail'in; 2 flt'ing, n. 1. The act 
of using a file. 2. A particle removed 
by a file. 

FU'T-pi'no, 1 fUVprno; 8 fm-pl'no, n. 1-ha, 
fend An inhabitant of the PhUlpplne Is- 

fill, Ufa; 2BL L vt.&wi. 1. Tomakeor 

fll p , j become full. 2. To occupy ; pervade. 
3. To satisfy; glut. IL n. That which 
fills; a supply.— filTer,*. 

fillet, 1 fiTot; 2 fll'tt, n. 1. A narrow 
band, as for binding the hair. 2* A strip 
of lean meat. 

fillip, 1 fil'ip; 2 fil'ip. I*, vt. To strike 
by or as by a fillip. II. n. A snap or 
blow with the end of a finger; hence, in- 

fll'ly, 1 fil'i; 2 flKy, w. [wi/lies". pi.] 1. 
A young mare. 2. A bold or lively young 

film, 1 film; 2 film, n. A thin coating, 
layer, or membrane.— film, vt. A rt.— film's- 
nets, n.— film'y, a. Like a film; gausy. 

fil'ter, 1 fil'ter;, 2 fil'ter. L vt. & vL To 
pass through a filter; separate by a filter. 

ts • « final; l = habit; aisle; an =* out; all; IO = f«*d; rfhin; go; rj^si*?; Chin, Oils. 
J: wolf, da.; btak, boat; fall, rule, cftre, b*t,bftrn; all, ba^ §o, gam; io*; tlilii, tM*» 

Digitized by LiOOQ LC 


II. n. A strainer for clearing or purify- 
tog liquids.-- fil'trate, 1 fll'tret; 2 ffl'trat. I. 

9t. [FIIi'TRAT-EDd; FIl/TRAT-ING.l TO filter. 

II. n. The liquid separated by filtration.— 
flll-tra'tlon, ». The act or process of fil- 

filth, 1 filth; 2 fllth, n. Anything that 
soils or denies; defilement; nastiness; 
dirt.— fllth'y, a. [filth'i-er; filth'i-est.J 
Of the nature of or containing filth; foul; 
obscene.— flUb/Hy, adv.— filtbl-ness, n. 

fin, 1 fin; 2 fin, n. A membranous exten- 
sion from the body of a fish or other aquat- 
ic animal.— Unless, a. Without fins. 

fin'a-bl(e p , 1 fain'e-bl; 2 ftn'a-bl, a. Liable 
to or involving a fine. 

fi'nal, 1 foi'nal; 2 fl'nal, a. 1. Pertaining 
to the end; ultimate; last; conclusive. 2. 
Relating to the end aimed at; as, a final 
cause.— fl-n&I'l-ty, n. [-ties', pi.] The 
state of being final; a final or decisive act, 
offer, etc.— fPnal-ly, adv. 

fi-nale, 1 fl-nalS; 2 fl-nale, n. The last 
act, part, scene, or movement; end. 

A-nance', 1 fi-nans'; 2 fi-n&nc', n. The 
science of monetary affairs; pecuniary 
resources; funds; revenue.— fl-nan'cial, l 
fi-nan'shdl; 2 fi-nan'shal. a. Of or pertain- 
ing to finance; monetary — fi-nan'clal-ly, 
adv.— nn"an-cler', l fta'an-slr'; 2 fln'an- 
c6r / , n. One skilled in or occupied with 
financial affairs. 

finch, 1 findh; 2 finch, n. A small seed-eat- 
ing bird, as a sparrow, 
goldfinch, or canary. 

find, 1 faind; 2 find, vt. & 
vi. [found, 1 f aund , 2 
found; find'ing.] l.To 
discover accidentally 
or by search or study; t™„„K , , 
learn by experience; Fmcn - '/• 
perceive; ascertain. 2. Law. To decide 
judicially. 3. To furnish; provide; sup- 
port.— find'er, find'ing, n. 

fine 1 , 1 fain; 2 fin, vt, [fined; fin'ing.] 
To punish by fine; mulct. 

fine** vt. & vi. To make or become fine, 
pure, thin, or slender: with down.— fin'er, n. 
A refiner. 

fine, a. [fin'er; fin'est.] 1. Excellent; 
elegant. 2. Light or delicate; thin; keen; 
refined; sensitive; nice; pure. 3. Showy. 
-If, adv. -ness, n.— fln'er-y, n. [-dbs», pi.] 
Showy decoration. 

fine, n. A penalty in money. 

fl'ne, l fl'ne; 2 fl'ne, n. Mus. The end; finis. 

fl-nesse', 1 fi-nes'; 2 fi-nes'. I. vi. [fi- 
nessed'*; fi-ness'ing.] To use artifice. 
II. n. Subtle contrivance; artifice; art- 
fulness; skill. 


fin'ger, I fir/ger; 2 fln'ger. I.ttf.&w. To 
toy or tamper with. II. n. One of the 
digits of the hand, excluding or including 
the thumb.— fln'ger 'board", n. A keyboard. 

fin'i-cal, 1 fin'i-kal; 2 fln'i-eal, a. Over- 
nice or fastidious in dress, etc. -ly, adv. 

n'nis, 1 fal'ms; 2 fTnls, ». The end. 

fin'lsh, 1 fin'isli; 2 fln'ish. It. vt. & »». 
To end; perfect finally or in detail; com- 
plete; cease. II. n. Conclusion; com- 
pletion; perfection In detail; polish, -er, »» 

fi'nlte, 1 fai'noit; 2 fi'nlt. I. a. Havix% 
bounds or limits: opposed to infinite; 
limited; bounded. H. n. That which is 
finite, -ly, adv.— fl'nlte-ness, n. The state 
or quality of being finite. [flahllke. 

fin'njr, 1 fin'i; 2 fln'y, a. Having fins; 

fiord, 1 fyerd; 2 
fydrd, n. A 
long and narrow 
arm of the sea, 
with high rocky 

fir, 1 fur; 2 flr, 
n. An ever- 
green tree of 
the pine family. 

fire, 1 fair; 2 fir, 
v. [fired; fir'- a 

ING.] I. U 1. To \ 

set on fire; kin- 
dle; bake, as pot- 1 
tery; discharge, 
as a firearm; im- 
pel, as from a 
gun; hurl. 2» 

To inflame; ex- „, t , _, 

cite. II. i. 1. Fir-tree and Cone. 
To take fire; be kindled, inflamed, or ex- 
cited. 2. To discharge firearms. 
fire, n. 1. The evolution of heat and light 
by burning; flame; flash; fuel as burning. 
2. The discharge of firearms. 3. In- 
tensity; ardor; passion; vivacity. 4. 
Affliction; trial.— flre'arm'% n. A weapon 
from which a missile is hurled, as by gunpow- 
der.— flre'brand", n. A burning piece of 
wood.— flreMtrtck", n. A brick made of 
fire-clay.— f.*clay, n. Clay containing noth- 
ing fusible.— f. *company, n. A company of 
men employed to extinguish fires.— f.*damp* 
». An explosive gas generated in coal-mJnea. 
— f. *engine, n. An engine for pumping 
water through hose to extinguish fires.— f.« 
escape, n. A ladder or other device fur- 
nishing a means of escape from a burning; 
building.— fire'fly'', n. A winged, luminous 
insect.— fire'man, n. Jfire'men. pi.] 1. 
One who aids in extinguishing firos. 2. A 

1: artistic, firt ; fat, fare ; fast ; get, prey ; hit, police ; obey, go ; net,er ; fall, rale ; bat, born. 
•:Srt,ape 1 fat,fare,fast,wbat,aU;me\g&,pr^^ 

Digitized by V^jOOQLC 


lire-tender, as on a locomotive; a stoker.— 
f. 'proof, a. Proof against fire; Incombus- 
tible.— fire'slde", n. The hearth or space 
about the fireplace; hence, home.— f.«wood, 
n. Wood used, or fit to use, as fuel.— flre'- 
work", n. 1. A combustible or explosive, 
to be fired for display. 2. pi. A pyrotech- 
nic display. 

firtdn, 1 f uVkin; 2 flrTrin, n. 1. A wooden 
vessel for lard, etc. 2. [Eng.J A measure, 

^ on e*fourth of a barrel. 

ifirm, 1 furm; 2 firm, I. a. Compact; un- 
yielding; solid; stable; stedfast; deter- 
mined; vigorous; resolute. 11. n. A part- 
nership; business house, -ly, adv. -ness,n. 

-flr 'ma-men t, 1 fuVma-ment or -ment; 2 
fXr'ma-ment, n. The expanse of heaven; 
sky.— fir"ma-men'tal, a. 

first, 1 furst; 2 first. L a. Before all 
others; earliest; nearest; leading; chief; 
best. II. n. That which is first. III. 
adv. In the first place; earlier; rather; 
sooner.— first'*class", a. Belonging to the 
first class; of the highest rank or best quality. 
f . •ratej.— firstling, n. The one first born, 
as of a flock.— firstly, adv. Same as first, 

_ ad v. lof the sea. 

firth, 1 fur€h; 2 firth, n. [Scot.T An arm 

tls'cal, 1 fis'kel; 2 fls'cal. 1. a. Pertaining 
to the treasury or finances of a govern- 
ment; financial. II. n. A financial sec- 
retary.— Use, n. The treasury, as of a state. 

fish*, 1 fisli; 2 flsh, v. I. t. 1. To catch, 
or try to catch, fish in (a stream or the 
Eke). 2. To catch, as fish, in or under 
water; search for and bring to light: often 
with up or out. II. i. To catch, or try 
to catch, fish; be employed in catching 
fish.— flsh'er, n. One who fishes; a fisher- 
man.— flsn'er-man, n. (-men, pi.] One 
who catches flsh; a fisher.— fisb'er-y, n. 
[-118 s , pi.] 1. The operation or business of 
catching fish; fishing industry. 2. A place 
for fishing.— fishing, n. The act or opera- 
tion of catching fish. 

flsh, 1 fisli ; 2 fish, n. [fish or fish'es, pi] 
JL A vertebrate animal with permanent 
(ills, adapted to live under water. 2. 
Loosely, any animal habitually living in 
the water. See illus. on next page.— fish'* 
bank", n. A hook for catching flsh on a 
fine.— D8h'mon"ger, l flgh'mun'gar; 2 flsh'- 
moo'gSr, n. A dealer in flsh.— fish'y, a. 1. 
Of, pertaining to, or like flsh. 2. Abounding 
in fish.— fish'l-ness, ». 

tfs'sile, \ 1 fis'il; 2 fls'il, a. Readily split or 

Hs'sll*, /separated into layers.— fis'slon, n. 
A splitting or separating. 

As 'sure, 1 fisVur; 2 flsh'ur. I. vt. & vi. 
[fib's used; fis'sub-1ng.] To crack; split. 
ILn. A narrow opening; cleft; crevice. 


fist, 1 fist; 2 flst, n. The clenched hand. 

— fist'l-cuff", n. A cuff with the flst; in the 
plural, a fight with fists. 

fis'tu>la, 1 fis'cTiu-le or -tiu-la; 2 fls'chu-la 
or -tii-la, n. A long narrow canal caused 
by diseased action.— fls'tu-lar, a. 

fit, 1 fit; 2 fit, v. [FiT / TED d ; fit'ting.] I* 
t. 1. To render suitable; adapt; pre- 
pare; equip: commonly with out or up. 

2. To be oi the proper size and shape for. 

3. To be suitable for; befit. II. i. 1* 
To be of the proper siae, shape, etc.; be 
suitable, proper, or becoming. 2. To re- 
ceive suitable equipment.— After, n. 

fit, a. [fit'ter; fit'test.] Adapted to a 
purpose; adequate; competent; suitable; 
appropriate.— fitly, adv. In a fit manner; 
properly.— fit'ness, n. 

fit 1 , n. A convulsion; spasm; mood; ca- 
price.— fltfful, a. Occurring in fits; spas- 
modic, -ly, adv. -ness, n. [tion. 

fit 2 , n. Adjustment; suitability; adapta- 

flt'tlng, 1 fit'in; 2 fifing. I. pa. Fit or 
suitable; proper; appropriate. II. n. 1. 
The act of adjusting. 2. pi. Fixtures. 

— fit' tlng-ly, adv.— fit'tlng-ness, a. 
five, 1 foiv; 2 flv. I. a. Consisting of one 

more than four. II. n. 1. The sum of 
four and one. 2. A symbol denoting 
this number, as 5 or V — flveToW. I. a. 
Five times as much or as great. II. adv. In 
a fivefold manner or degree. 
fix*, 1 fiks; 2 fiks, v. 1. 1. 1. To fasten or 
secure firmly; make firm; establish; settle; 
determine; solidify. 2. To direct steadily 
and intently, as the gaze. 3. To arrange; 
put in order; adjust. II. i. To settle 
permanently; become firm or solid; crys- 
tallize; solidify.— fix-a'tlon, l flks-e'slien; 2 
fiks-a'shon, n. The act of fixing, or the state 
of being fixed; stability.— fixed, 1 fikst; 2 
flkst, pa. 1. Established; fastened; settled; 
stable; lasting. 2. Keeping nearly the same 
relative position; as, fixed stars.— fix'ed-ly, 

1 flks'ed-U; 2 Hks'Cd-ly, adv.— fix'ed-ness, 1 
fiks'ed-nes; 2 fiks'ed-nes, n.— flxl-ty, n. 
The state of being fixed; permanence; fixed- 
ness; stability.— fix'ture, 1 fiks'c'hur or -tlur; 

2 flks'chur or -tflr, n. Anything fixed firmly 
in Its place; as, g&B-fixtures. 

fjord, n. Same as fiobd. 

flab 'by, 1 flab'i; 2 flal/y, a. [flab'bi-er; 

flab'bi-ebt.J Lacking muscle; flaccid; 

languid; feeble.- flab'bi-ly, ode- flab'bl- 

ness, n. 
flae'cld, 1 flak'sid; 2 flac'cid, o. lacking 

firmness or elasticity; flabby, -ly, adv." 

flac-eldl-ty, flac'dd-ness, n. 
flag 1 , 1 flag; 2 flag, vt. [flagged, ftuAGD*; 

flag'ging.] To signal by a flag. 
flag 1 , vt. To pave with flagstones. 

1: • = final; 1 = habit; aisle; on = out; ell; 10 = feud; 4hm; go; j| = sin#; fhin, this. 
M: wolf,dg; bdbk, btfot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; dll, bfty; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 

Food- and Game-fishes. 

1. Pike. Via 2. Pike-perch. Vti ^. Atlantic salmon. V» 4, Herring. Vr *. Weak- 
nsh. Vi4 6. Haddock. Vn 7. American shad. Vt -ftr Whiteflsli. V» -3, Cod. »/« 10. 
Large-mouthed black bass. »/» 11. Yellow perch. Vt 12. Halibut. Vn 13. Tautog of 
blackflsh. Vs 14. Winter flounder. »/» 

Digitized by vjjVJOv LV^ 


flag*, vi. To grow languid ; become tired; 
droop; drag. 

flag 1 , rt. A piece of cloth commonly bear- 
ing a device and attached to a staff or hal- 
yard: used as a standard, symbol, or 
signal.— Mack flag, the emblem of piracy 
and of no quarter.— flag'man, n. One who 
carries a flag, as for signaling trains on a rail- 
way— flag* »or r fl-cer, n. 1. Formerly, the 
captain of a flag-ehlp. 2. An admiral, vice* 
admiral, or rear-admiral.— f. of truce, a 
white flag displayed to denote that a con- 
ference or truce Is desired.— f.'Shlp, n. The 
ship carrying a flag-officer and displaying 
Us flag.— nag / stalF%n. A pole on which a 
flag is hung or displayed. 

flag*, n. A flagstone. 

flag*, n. A plant having sword-shaped 
leaves and growing in moist places. 

fiag'el-Iate, 1 flaj'e-let; 2 fUg^lat, vt. 
f-LAT'Epd; -lat'inoJ To beat with a 
rod; whip; scourge.- flag"el-la'tloii, n. 

flag'eo-let*,lflaj'o-let*; 2 flag'o-let', n. A 
musical instrument resembling the flute. 

fla-gl'tioas, 1 fls-jisli'us; 2 fla-gteh'tis, a. 
Flagrantly wicked; atrocious; heinous, 
-ly, ado. -new, n. 

flag'on, 1 flag' an; 2 fl&g'on, n. A vessel 
with a handle and a narrow mouth, used 
to serve liquors. 

fla 'grant, 1 flfi'grent; 2 fla'grant, a. Open- 
ly scandalous; notorious; heinous, -ly, adv. 
— fla'gran-cy, n. 

flag'stone", 1 flag'ston': 2 fl&g'stdn", n. 
A broad, flat stone suitable for foot-pave- 

flail, 1 flSl; 2 flal, a. An implement for 
separating grain from chaff by beating. 

flake, 1 flsk; 2 flak. I. vt. & vi. Iflakeo*; 
flak'inq.1 To peel off in flakes; fleck. 
II. n. A* small flat fragment; scale; 
fleck.- flak**, 1 fleVi; 2 flak'y, a. Resem- 
bling or consisting of flakes; separable into 


flam 'beau, 1 flam'bo; 2 flam'bS, n. [flam'- 
beaux or -BKAV8, 1 flamt>os; 2 flam'- 
bds, jrf.J A flaring torch. 

flame, 1 flSm; 2 flam. I. vi. [flamed; 
flam'ing.] 1. To blase; shine like a 
flame; flash. 2. To burst forth, as in 
violence of passion. II. n. 1. A stream 
of vapor or gas made luminous by heat; a 
blase. 2. Excitement, as from rage, strife, 
or passion; an ardent affection; passionate 
"— , a. 

fla-min'go, 1 fls-min'go; 2 fla-mln'go, n, A 
long-necked, small-bodied bird of a red 
color, having very long legs, webbed 
feet, and a bent bill. See illus. in next 

i. A project- 
on a oar-wheel. 

flange, 1 fianj; 2 m 
ing rim or edge, as 

flank, 1 f lank;2f lank. 
I. vt. & si. 1. To 
border. 2. Mil. To 
turn, guard, or 
threaten the flank 
(of). II* * Per- 
taining to the flank 
or side. Ill- ML 1* 
The part of an uiu- 
mal'8 side between 
the ribs a the 
hip. 2. The side 
of anything, as of 
an army. 

fian'nel, 1 flan'l; 2 AmerlcanFlamingo.i/w 
flan'l, n. A loosely woven woolen stuff 
with soft, nap-like surface. 

flap, 1 flap; 2 flap. I. vt. & vi. [flappbo*, 
flapt 6 ; plap'ping.] 1. To strike, or 
strike at, as with a wing. 2. > To move to 
and fro rapidly, as wings; swing or wave; 
droop. II. n. 1. A broad, Umber, and 
loosely hanging part or attachment. 2. 
The act of flapping; a light blow.— flapper, 
1 flao'er; 2 flap'er, n. 

flare, 1 fl&r; 2 flar. I. vt. & vi. {flared; 
flar'ing.] 1. To burn fiercely and fit- 
fully. 2. To display ostentatiously; make 
a show. 3. To spread outward like the 
sides of a funnel. II. n. 1. A bright but 
unsteady light; show; ostentation. %• A 
spreading outward, as of the sides of a 

flash, 1 flasli; 2 flash. I*, vt. & vi. To 
send or burst forth, as a sudden brilliant 
light. H. a. Relating to or connected 
with thieves or thieves T talk; cheap and 
tawdry; loud. III. n. 1. A sudden 
and transient blase; gleam; outburst, as 
of wit, anger, etc. 2. A moment; instant. 

— flashMlghf, n. 1. A light shown only 
at intervals. 2. A brief and brilliant 

- light for taking photographs.— flash'y, a. 

Pretentious; showy; tawdry.— flash'I-ly, 

adv.— flashl-ness, n. [the like. 

flask, 1 flask; 2 flask, n. A small bottle or 
flat, 1 flat; 2 flat, vt. & vi. [flat'ted**; 

flat'tinq.] To lower; flatten. 
flat, o. [flat'teb; flat'test.1 1. Level; 

prostrate. 2. Positive; absolute. 3. 

Monotonous; dull. 4. M us. Below pitch. 

— flat' *l"rom, a. An Iron with a smooth, pol- 
ished under-surface for smoothing doth.— 
flatly, afe.-flat'nesft, n.- fiat'ten, 1 
flat'n; 2 flat'n, vt. A vi. To make or be- 
come flat.— flat 'wise, 1 flat'walz; 2 flat'wfc, 
adv. With the flat side downward or next 
to another object, flafways"*. 

1: • a final; inhabit; cdsle; eras out; etl; lfl = fsud; 4hin; go; o= sln^r; Chin, mis. 
* welf, dg; Wbk, Mot; fall, role, care, but* barn; 511, bojr; go, gem; ink; thin, this, 


flat 1 , n. 1. A level; low land washed by 
the tide; shoal. 2. Anything that is flat; 
the flat side of a thing. 3. M us. A tone 
a half step lower than a- tone from which 
it is named, represented by the charac- 
ter b. [ment. 

flat 1 , n. A set of rooms on one floor; apart- 
flat* adv. In a level position; so as to be 
flat; flatly. 

flat'ter, 1 flat'ar; 2 flat'er, v. L t. 1. To 
praise unduly or insincerely; fawn on; 
cajole. 2. To encourage with visionary 
hopes; delude. II. i. To use fulsome or 
undue praise.— flat'ter-er, n. One who 
flatters.— flat'ter-y, n. [-ies*, pi.] Undue 
or insincere praise; adulation. 

flat'u-lent, 1 flat'yu-lent; 2 fl&t'yu-lent, a. 
1. Affected with gas in the stomach and 
bowels, as a person. 2. Tending, as food 
or medicine, to produce such a condition. 
3. Puffy; vain; conceited, -ly, adv.— 
flat'u-lence, n. 

flaunt, 1 fldnt or flent; 2 flftnt or flant. 
f». vt. & vi. To display ostentatiously; 
parade. II. n. 1* The act of flaunting. 
Z. A boast; vaunt. 

flavor, 1 flS'ver; 2 fla'vor. I. vt. To impart 
flavor to. n. n. The taste of a thing, 
especially if pleasant: often used figura- 
tively. fla'Tour*. 

flaw, 1 fie ; 2 fig, vt. To make flaws in; 
mar; crack. 

flaw 1 , n. An inherent defect; weak spot; 
crack; fissure.— flawless, a. Having no 
flaw.— flaw'y, a. 

flaw 1 , n. A sudden puff of wind; a tran- 
sient windstorm. 

flax, 1 flaks; 2 flaks, n. 1. The soft fiber 
obtained from the bark of the 
flax -plant. 3. An annual 
plant having a mucilaginous 
seed, called flaxseed or linseed t 
and a fibrous inner bark. 
— flax'en, a. Of, pertaining to, 
or made of flax; like flax; of a 
light golden color. 

flay, 1 fl5; 2 fla, vt. To strip 
on the skin from; skin. 

Ilea, 1 fll; 2 fie, n. A para- 
sitic wingless insect,, having 
limbs adapted for leaping 
and a head armed with blood* 
sucking organs. 

fleck, 1 flek; 2 Hek. It. vt. 
To spot; dapple. II. n. A 
dot or streak; dapple.— Heckles*, a. Spot- 
Jess; > stainless. 

fle e 'd on, 1 ilek'snan; Z fleVshon, n. The 
act of bending; a curved or bent part. 



fled, 1 fled; 2 fled, imp. & pp. of rues, t. 

fledge, 1 flej; 2 flfidg, vi. [fledged, 
fledod"; fledg'ino] To acquire feathers 
enough for flight.— fledgling. I. a. Just 
fledged; hence, little known, as a young poet. 
II. n. A young bird Just fledged, fledge^ 

flee, 1 fll; 2 fie*, v. [fled, 1 fled, 2 flSd; 
flee'ing.V L(. To run away from; shun; 
avoid. , II. i. To seek safety in flight; 
run away. 

fleece, 1 flls; 2 flSc. I. vt. [fleeced*; 
fleec'ing.1 1. To shear off the fleece 
from; swindle. 2. To cover as with a 
fleece. IT. n. The woolly covering of a 
sheep.— fleee'er, n.— fleee'y, a. [fleec'i- 
er; fleec'i-est.) Pertaining to, like, or 
covered with a fleece. 

fleer, 1 fllr; 2 fler. I. vt. & vi. To jeer at; 
deride. II. n. Derision; a leer. 

fleet d , 1 flit; 2 fl6t, vi. To fly or pas* 
swiftly.— fleeting, pa. Passing quickly; 

fleet, a. Moving, or capable of moving, 
swiftly; rapid; nimble; swift, -ly, adv. 
-ness, n. las ships of war. 

fleet, n. A number of vessels in company, 

Flemish, 1 flem'isli; 2 flem'ish. I. a. Of 
or pertaining to Flanders, its people, liter- 
ature, or language. II. n. The Flemish 
people collectively, or the language of 

flense, 1 flens; 2 fl&ns, vt. To strip the 
blubber or the skin from, as a whale or a 

flesh, 1 flesli; 2 flesh. I*, vt. To glut with 
flesh; satiate; also, to tempt with a taste 
of flesh, as a dog; embolden with success; 
flush. II. n. The softer tissues of an 

. animal body; the soft part of fruits and 
vegetables; the body as opposed to the 
soul; the carnal or sinful nature; the 
human race.— flesh'i- ness, n. Plumpness; 
corpulence.— fleshli-ness, n. Carnality.— 
fleshly, a. Pertaining to the body; cor- 
poreal; carnal; worldly; human.— flesh'y, a. 
[flbsh'i-eb; flesh'i-est.] 1. Having much 
flesh; corpulent; succulent, as a plant. *• 
Pertaining to flesh or to the. 
carnal nature; composed ofl 
flesh. P 

fleur"«de*H8', 1 flur'-de-ir; 
2 flur'-de-ll', n. [fleubs"- 
de-US', pi.] A heraldic da- j| 
vice, the bearing of the 
former royal family of 
France. Ileur"»de«ly8'J. 

flew, 1 fld; 2 fku|»»p.of fly. t. 

flex, I fleks; 2'fleKS. I*, vt. To bend; subject 
to flexure. II. n. A bend; flexure.— flexf* 

as a plant. *• 





MlT-ty, n. Hex1-bl(e-nessPt.-flex'l-bI(eP, 

a. Bending readily; pliable; pliant; plastic; 
tractable; yielding. nex'il(en.- flex'1-bly, 

flexion. Same as flection. 

flex'ure, 1 flek'sliur or fleks'yur; 2 fleV- 
shur or fle'ks'yur, n. A bending; bent 
part; turn; curve; fold. 

flick, 1 flik; 2 fllk. I*, vt. To give a flip to. 
II. n. A quick, light stroke, as with a whip. 

flick 'er, 1 flik'er; 2 ffflc'er, vi. To be un- 
steady or wavering, as a flame. 

flick'er 1 , n. A waving or fluctuating light; 
a flickering or fluttering motion. 

flick'er*, n. The golden-winged wood- 
pecker of eastern North America. 

flTer, \ 1 flai'er; 2 fll'er, n. That which 

fiy'er, / flies; a flying bird; a fugitive. 

flight, 1 flait; 2 flit, n. 1. The act, process, 
or power of flying or of fleeing; swift 
movement; the distance traveled, as by 
a projectile. 2. A flock or swarm of fly- 
ing creatures. 3. A lofty and sustained 
effort. 4. An ascent or series, as of stairs. 

filgbt'y, 1 fieri fi; 2 fllt'y, a. [flight'i-er; 
flight'i-est.] Capricious; giddy; de- 
lirious.— fllghtl-ly, adv.— fllght'1-ness, n. 

Aim's?, 1 flim'zi; 2 fllm'sy, a. [flim'si-kr; 
flim'bi-est.1 Thin andweak; ineffective. 
— fUm'si-ly, adv.— fllm'sl-nets, n. 

flinch*, 1 flincli; 2 flinch, vi. To shrink 
back, as from painor danger jwaver; wince. 

fling, 1 flin; 2 fling, v. [flung, 1 fluo, 2 
flung: fling'ing.1 I. t. 1. To cast 
•with force; throw; hurl; sling; emit freely. 
!5. To throw to the ground; overpower. 
II. i. To throw a missile; cast aspersions; 
flout; start and rush with impatience; 
dash; flounce. 

fling, n. 1. The act of casting out, down, 
or away; a sneering insinuation; asper- 
sion. 2. A kick, flounce, or leap; a lively- 
Scotch dance. 3. Free range for indul- 
gence; dash; swagger. 

flint, 1 flint; 2 flint, n. A bard, dull-colored 
variety of quarts ; a piece of such stone, 
shaped for some purpose.— fllntMock", n. 
A gun-lock that fires the charge by a spark 
produced by the striking of flint on steel. 
— flintlock", n. A firearm, as a musket, 
with a flint* lock.— fllnt'I-ness, n — flint'y, 
a. (funt'i-eb; flint'i-est.] Made of, con- 
taining, or resembling flint; bard; cruel; ob- 

flip, 1 flip; 2 flip, vt. [flipped*, flipt 8 ; 
fli p'ping.1 To snap or flick ; toss or strike 
lightly ana quickly. 

flip 1 , n. A quick movement of the hand or 
finger; sudden toss; snap; flick. 


flip*, n. A hot drink of ale, spiced and 


flip 'pant,* 1 flip'ent; 2 fllp'ant, a. Light, 
pert, and trifling.— filp'pan-ey, n. flip'- 
pant-nessj.— fllp'pant-ly, adv. 

flip'per, 1 flip'er; 2 flip'er, n. A limb used 
to swim with, as in seals, turtles, etc. 

flirt* 1 , 1 flurt; 2 flirt, v. 1. 1. To fling; jerk. 
II. i. 1. To make love for mere amuse- 
ment; coquet. 2. To flounce; act flip- 
pantly.— flir-ta'tlon, n. Insincere love* 
ma kin g , fllrtlngj. 

flirt, n. 1. One who flirts; a coquet; 
trifler. 2. The act of flirting; a toss; fling. 

flit, 1 flit; 2 flit, vi. Tflit'ted* 1 ; fli-tting.] 
To fly rapidly ana lightly; dart; skim. 

— flit'tlng, n. 

flitch, 1 flidh; 2 filch, n. A side (of a hog) 
salted and cured. 

float d , 1 fl5t; 2 flot, v. I. t. 1. To keep 
up on or in a fluid. 2. To put in circula- 
, tion ; find a market for. 11. i. To be sup- 
ported or carried along by a liquid or gas; 
move lightly and freely.— float'age, n. See 
flotage.— float'er, n. 

float, n. An object that floats or buoys up 

floc'cu-lent, 1 flek'yu-lent; 2 floVyu-lent, 
a. Woolly; downy.— floc'cu-lence, n. 

flock, 1 flek; 2 fldk. I*, vi. To assemble; 
congregate. II. n. 1. A company or 
herd of animals, as sheep or birds. 2. A 
congregation, church, or parish. [ice. 

floe, 1 fid; 2 fid, n. A mass of floating polar 

flog, 1 fleg; 2 flog, vt. [flogged, flogd 8 ; 
flog'ging.J To chastise with a rod ; whip. 

— flog'ger, n.— flog'glng, n. 

flood d , 1 flud; 2 Add, v. 1. 1. To inundate; 
deluge; supply to excess. II. t. To rise 
to or be at the flood; overflow. 

flood, n. 1. A freshet; inundation; del- 
uge. 2. The tide at its height; high tide. 
3. A copious flow, as of sunlight] abundant 
or excessive supply.— flood' •gate*, n. A 
gate for regulating the flow of water; any re- 
movable restraint for an outpouring, as of 
contention or vice. 

floor, 1 fl5r; 2 flor. I. vt. 1. To provide 
with a floor. 2. To throw to the floor; 
overthrow; vanquish. II. n. 1. The 
bottom surface in a room or building; 
also, a story. 2. Space appropriated to 
members; the right to speak.— flooring, n. 
1. Material for a floor. 2. Floors collec- 
tively; a floor. 

flop, 1 flep; 2 flop, v. A n. Same as flap. 

flo'ra, 1 fl6're; 2 flo'ra, n. 1. The aggre- 
gate of plants of a country. 2. fF-] Rom. 
Myth. The goddess of flowers.— fio'ral, a. 
Of, like, or pertaining to flowers. 

. 1: as final; i = habit; aisle; an = out; oil; la = feud; diin; go; Ja — sing; thin, this. 
S: wolf, do,; bdok, boot; full, rule, core, but, burn; oil, boy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ LC 



I'cence, 1 flo-res'ens; 2 flo-reVenc, n. 
BoL 1. The state of being in blossom. 
2. Inflorescence.— flo-res'cent, a. Expand- 
ing into flowers. 

fio'ri-cul-ture, 1 fl6'n-kul-<<hur or -tiur; 2 
flS'ri^eul-chur or -tur, n. The cultiva- 
tion of flowers or ornamental plants. 

florid, 1 fler'id; 2 flSr'id, a. 1. Having a 
bright color; of a lively red. 2. Exces- 
sively ornate; flowery .— flo-rid'l-ty, n. 

flo-rif 'er-ous, 1 flo-rif' er-us; 2 flo-rlf'er-us, 

0. Bearing flowers. 

florin, 1 flertn; 2 fioVin, n. A European 
silver coin; also, a gold coin of Tuscany. 

flo'rist, 1 fld'nst; 2 flS'rist, n. A grower 
of or dealer in flowers. 

floss, 1 fles; 2fl5s t n. 1. Floss-silk. 2. 
The silk of some plants, as Indian corn. 
— floss' •silk", n. A soft, downy embroidery- 
sllk.— fioss'y, a. (floss'i-er; floss'i-est.J 
Of, pertaining to, or like floss; light; downy. 

flo'tage, 1 flo'tij ; 2 fld'tag, n. Things that 
float, collectively, or capacity to float. 

flo-ta'tion, 1 flo-t€' alien; 2 flo-ta'shon, n. 

1. The act or state of floating. 2. The 
science of bodies that float. 

fio-tU'la, 1 flo-til'e; 2 flo-tll'a, n. A fleet 
of small vessels; a small fleet. 

flot'sam, 1 flet'sem; 2 fldt'sam, n. Law. 
Goods found floating at sea. 

flounce 1 , 1 flauns; 2 flounc. I. vt. 
[flounced*; flounc'ino.] To furnish 
with flounces. II. n. A gathered or 
plaited strip on a skirt. 

flounce 2 , I. vi. To fling oneself about petu- 
lantly. II. n. The act of flouncing; a fling. 

floun'der, 1 flaun'dar; 2 floun'der, vi. To 
stumble or struggle awkwardly or help- 

floun Jer 1 , n. A fish with broad flat body. 

floun'der*, n. A stumbling motion. 

flour, 1 flour; 2 flour, vt. & vi. 1. To 
pulverize. 2. To sprinkle flour upon. 

flour, n. 1. The ground and bolted sub- 
stance of wheat; also, of some other cereal. 

2. Any finely powdered substance. 
flourish*, ) 1 flur'isli; 2 flur'ish, v. I. t. 
flurlsb p , ft. To swing about; brandish; 

flaunt. 2. To embellish with flourishes. 
II. t. 1. To thrive; prosper; live. 2. To 
swing or wave about. 3. To use flour- 
ishes.— flour'teh-lng, pa. Thriving; pros- 
flourish, n. 1. An ornamental mark in 
• writing; something for display. 2. The 

act of brandishing or waving. 
flout, 1 flout; 2 flout. I<*. vt. <fe vi. To scoff 
at; jeer. II. n. A gibe; scoff. 

flow, 1 fl5; 2 fl5, v. I. t. To overflow; 
flood. If. i. 1. To move, as a stream; 
glide; issue; result. 2. To rise, as the 
tide; abound. 

flow, n. The act of flowing; a stream or 
current; incoming of the tide; a copious 

flow'er, 1 flau'er; 2 flow'er, t. I. /. To 
decorate with flowers. II. i. To bloom; 

flow'er, n. 1. The blossom of a plant; 
bloom. 2* A flowering plant. See il- 
lus. on next page. 3. The best of any- 
thing. 4. An ornament; figure of speech,. 
0. pi. A very light powder.— flow'er-I- 
ness, n.— flow'er-y, a. Abounding with 
flowers; flowered; florid; figurative; poetic. 

flown, 1 flou; 2.flon, pp. of ply, v. 

fluc'tu-ate, 1 fluk'rfhu-et or -thi-et; 2 fl&e'- 
chu-at or -tu-at, vt. & vi. (-at'ed**; 
-a't'ing.] To move like waves; undulate; 
waver; oscillate.— flnc"tu-a'tlo«, *. Fre- 
quent irregular change; varying movement 
or action. 

flue, 1 flu; 2 flu, n. A channel or passage 
lor smoke, air, or gas from a fire; a 

flu 'en t, 1 flQ'ent; 2 fly'ent, a. 1. Ready 
in speaking or writing; voluble. 2, 
flu'en-cy, n. The Quality of being fluent; 
Copious; flowing; smooth, as style.— 
readiness and ease of speech or expression. 
flu'ent-nessi.— flu'ent-ly, adv. 

fluff, 1 flof; 2 fluf, n. Nap, down, or the 
like — fluff T-ness, n.— fluff'y, a. Downy. 

fluid, 1 flu'id; 2 flu'id. I. a. Capable of 
flowing; liquid or gaseous. IT. n. A 
liquid or gas.— flu-ld'1-ty, n. The state or 
quality of being fluid, fluid-newt. 

fluke, 1 flQk; 2 fluk, n. The part of an 
anchor that holds to the ground; a lobe 
of a whale's tail; a barb on a harpoon. 

flume, 1 f lum; 2 flum, n. A narrow passage 
through which water flows, as for a mill. 

flum'mer-y, 1 f lum'ar-i ; 2 flum'er-y, n. 1. 
Anything insipid; humbug. 2. A dish of 
pasty food. 

flung, 1 flun; 2 flung, imp. A pp. of fling, #. 

flunk 'y, )lfluQk'i;2flank'y,n. [flunk'- 

flunk'ey, jies*, pi.) 1. An obsequious 
fellow; toady. 2. [Colloq.] A servant in 

flu 'or, 1 flQ'er; 2 flu'o>, n. A cleavable, 
brittle mineral substance, a compound 
of calcium and fluorin, phosphorescent 
when heated, flu'or-ftei; fln'onspar"*. 

fiu"o-res'eence, 1 flu'o-res'ens; 2 flu o- 
reVenc, n. The property, possessed by 
some transparent bodies, of giving off, 

1: artistic, firt; fSkt, fire; fust; get, pre>; bit, police; obey, gfl; not,*r ; full, rule; but, born. 
2: »rt^ape,fat,ffiie,£»st 1 whft t j|U;me;ge^prgy f fern; hTt,Ice;I=e;i=5;g6,n*t,dr,w6n, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


1. Cultivated rose. 2. Wild rose. 3. Carnation. 4. Honeysuckle 5. Violet. 6. White water* 

my. 7. Jonquil. 8. Chrysanthemums. 9. Daisy. 10. Hyacinth. 11. Ketmla. 12. Sweet pea. 

IS. Poppy. 14. Magnolia. 15. Narcissus. 16. Iris. 17. Calla-Uly. 18. Easter lily. 19. Morning- 

glory. 20. Tiger-lily. 21. Crocus. 22. Tulip. 23. Orchid. 24. Pansies. 25. Lilacs. 26. Butter- 

Digitized by VjOOQ Lc 


when illuminated, light different in color 
from their own and from that of the 
light thrown upon them.— flu"o-res'cent, a. 

flu'o-rln, ) 1 flQ'o-rin, -rin or -rin; 2 flu'o- 

flu'o-rlne, j rin, -rin or -rin, n. A pale- 
greenish, gaseous, chemical element. 

flu'or-o-scope, 1 flu'er-o-sk6p; 2 flu/6r-o- 
sedp, n. A device for observing the 
shadows of objects cast by Roentgen 
rays through a fluorescent screen. 

flur'ry, 1 fluVi; 2 fliir'y. I. vt. [flur- 
ried; fltjb'rt-inq.1 To bewilder; agi- 
tate: fluster. II. n. [flur'ries*, pl.\ A 
sudden commotion; flutter; hurry; a light 
gust of wind. (redden; blush. 

flush", 1 flush; 2 flush, vt. & vi. To 

flush", vt. & vi. To deluge with water; 
wash out. [start up, as birds. 

fiush'S vt. A, vi. To drive from cover; 

flush 4 % vt. To encourage and excite; elate: 
chiefly in the past participle, -{with up. 

flush**, vt. To make flush or even: often 

flush 1 , a. Level; even. 

flush 2 , a. Full ; well supplied with money. 

flush 3 , a. Full of life; vigorous. 

flush 1 , n. 1. A heightened color; blush. 
2. Sudden elation. 3. A blossoming 
out; bloom. 

flush 2 , n. The act of flushing a bird; a 
bird or birds startled from cover. 

flush', n. A band of cards all of one suit. 

flush*, n. A sudden gush or rush of water. 

flush 5 , n. Abundance. 

flus'ter, 1 flus'tar; 2 flus'ter. I. vt. To 
confuse; flurry. II. n. Confusion of 
mind; flurry. 

flute, 1 flut; 2 flut, vt. & vi. [fluVed*; 
fluVinq.J 1. To corrugate; crimp. 2. 
To play on a flute; make a flute-like 
sound.— flut'ed, pa. 1. Channeled; crimped. 
2. Having the tone of a flute.— flut'lng, 
». 1. A groove or channel; fluted work. 

2. A crimp, as In a woman's ruffle. 

flute, n. 1. A small tubular wind-instru- 
ment with holes along (he sides. 2. A 
groove, as in a column; a corrugation; 

flutter, 1 flot'er; 2 flut'Sr, v. I. t. To 
shake; agitate; vibrate. If. i. To make 
the wings vibrate rapidly; move fitfully; 
be agitated. (tion. 

flut'ter, n. The act of fluttering; agita- 

flu'vl-al, 1 flu'vi-al; 2 flu'vi-al, a. Of, per- 
taining to, or formed by a river, flu'rl-a- 

flux, 1 fluks; 2 flfiks. IS vt. To melt; 

Surge; treat with a flux. II. n. 1. A 
owing or melting. 2. Med. Diarrhea. 

3. A substance that promotes the fusing 


of minerals and metals.— bloody flux, dys- 
fluxion, 1 fluk'sTian; 2 fluk'shon, n. 1. 

The act of flowing or melting; that which 

flows or melts. 2. Math. The rate of 

variation of a changing quantity.— flux'- 

lon-al, a. fiuxlon-a-ryi. 
fly, 1 floi; 2 fll, v. [flew, 1 flu, 2 fly; flown, 

1 fldn, 2flon;FLY'- 

ing.] 1. t. 1. To 

cause to take flight. 

2. To flee from; . 

shun. II. i. 1. To 

move in the air, as j 

by wings. 2. To f 

move quickly; hast- Flying-flsh. »/,« 
en; dart; flee. 3. 

To float in air or water; wave. 4. To 
be violently impelled; explode; burst— 
fly'fng'boat, n. A hydroaeroplane. — 
ny"lng*flsh", n. A nsh with large pectoral 
fins that buoy it up as it moves through the 
air.— flying squirrel. 1. A squirrel of parts 
of Europe and America, having on each side 
a fold of skin Joining the fore and bind legs, 
and forming, when tbey are extended, a 
parachute by which the animal can make 
long gliding leaps. 2. A marsupial of 
Australia similarly provided, known also as 
the flyinq phalanger. 

fly 1 , n. [flies 8 , vl.] 1. One of various 
small two-winged insects. 2. [flts*, pi.) 
A light carriage.— fly'blow". 1. vt. & vi. 
Ifly'blown", 1 flal'blOn", 2 fiTbl5n'; fly*- 
bloWing.) To taint with flyblows. II. n. 
The egg or young larva of a fly.— fly'« 
speck". It. vt. To mark with fly-specks. 
II. n. The dot made by the excrement of 
a fly; hence, any slight speck. 

fly*, n. 1. One of various rapidly moving 
objects or devices; as, the fly of a print- 
ing-press. 2. A flap. 3. The act of fly- 
ing.— flyMeaf, n. A blank leaf at the be- 
ginning or end of a book.— flywheel, n. A 
heavy wheel whose* weight resists sudden 
speed *changes, thus securing uniform motion. 

fly'er, n. Same as flier. 

foal, 1 f5l; 2 fol. 1. vt. & vi. To give 
birth to, as a foal; produce a foal. II. 
n. The young of an equine animal; a 
colt or filly. 

foam, 1 fom; 2 fom. I. vt. & vi. To 
gather, produce, or emit foam; make or 
become foamy; froth. II. n. A col- 
lection of minute bubbles forming a 
frothy mass.— foam'y, a. Covered with 
foam; foam-like. 

fob, 1 fob; 2 fdb, n. A watch-pocket in the 
waistband of trousers, or a chain or ribbon 
hanging from it. 

fo'cal, 1 fo'kal; 2fo'cal, o. Of , pertaining 


Digitized by VjOOQ LC 


to, situated at, or constituting a focus.— 
fo'cal-lze or -Ise, vt. To bring to a focus. 
fo'cus, 1 fd'kus; 2 fo'eus. I. vt. [fo'- 


jng or fo'cus-sing.] To adjust or bring 
to a focus; concentrate. II. n. [fo'cust-es* 
or fo'ci, 1 -eoi; 2 -si, pi.] 1. A point of 
meeting of rays of light; any point of con- 
centration. 2. Geom. One of two points, 
as in an ellipse, the sum or difference of 
whose distances to any point of the curve 
is always the same. 

fod'der, 1 fed'ar; 2f6d / er, n. Coarse feed, 
for horses, cattle, etc., as the stalks and 
leaves of Indian corn. 

foe, 1 f5; 2 fo, n. An enemy; adversary. 
— foe'man, \ fO'man; 2 fO'man, n. [foe'- 
men, pi.) An active or open enemy. 

fte'tal, foetid, a. Same as fetal, fetid. 

fce'tus, n. Same as fetus. 

fog, 1 fog; 2 fog, n. 1. Condensed watery 
vapor suspended in the air near the earth ; 
mist. 2. Bewilderment; perplexity; ob- 
scurity.— fog'gl-ly, adv.— fog'gi-ness, n.- 
fofgy, 1 feg*i ; 2 iOg'y, a. Full of or covered 
with fog; obscure; confused. 

fo'gy, 1 fo'gi; 2 fS'cy, n. [fo'gies*, pi.] 
A person of old-fashioned notions — fo'gy- 
Ism, «. 

foi'ble, jl fei'bl; 2 foi'bl. n. A personal 

fol'bl p , ) weakness; slight fault of character. 

foil, 1 foil ; 2 foil, vl. To render ineffectual ; 
frustrate; balk. 

foil 1 , n. 1. Metal in 
very thin sheets, as - $* 

on the back of a mir- * *£ ! ;j£f 
ror. 2. Anything^ ♦ ' - : *~ % \ 
that sets off some- ^VyZSLT- 
thing else by con- 
trast. 3. A leaf-like 
division in architec- 
tural ornamenta- 

follS n. A sword< 
implement, wit) 
button on its end. Foils. 

. ?^? i*/^? 1 ^*. A Foliated tracery in 

folst d , 1 feist; 2 foist, a window of Graee 
vt. To thrust in Church Chantry, New 
■ly'y; palm off. York. 

fold" 1 fold; 2 fdld, v. I. t. 1. To lay or 
bend over upon itself; lap. 2. To em- 
brace; envelop. II. i. To shut in folds. 

foM* d , vt. To shut up in a fold, as sheep. 

fold 1 , n. 1. One part doubled over an- 
other; a plait; ply. 2. An embrace. 

fold*, n. 1. A pen, as for sheep. 2. A 
flock of sheep; a church. 

fold 'er, 1 fdld'er; 2 fdld'Sr, n. One who or 
that which folds. 

-Si": 1'lJR™ 


fo'11-age, 1 fo'li-ij; 2 fd'li-ag, n. Any 
growth of leaves; leaves collectively. 

foil-ate, 1 fo'li-et; 2 fo'li-at. 1. vt. 
[-AT"ED d ; -at'ing.] To beat into a leaf; 
coat with foil, as a mirror. II. a. Hav- 
ing leaves; leafy; leaf -shaped; beaten into 
a leaf.— foll-a'tlon, n. 1. The leafing out 
of plants. 2. The act of foliating. 

fo'll-o, 1 fo'h-6; 2 io'li-6, n. A sheet of 
paper folded once; a book of the largest 

folk, 1 f ok ; 2 f ok, n. 1. People collectively. 
2. pi. [Colloq.,U. S.J Those of one's family; 
relatives. 3. A nation or race. 

fol'li-cle, 1 fel'i-kl; 2 fdl'i-cl, n. A minute 
cavity; a dry seed-vessel; a cocoon — foJ- 
llc'u-lar, a. 

follow, 1 fel'o; 2 fol'o.r. 1. 1. 1. To go or 
come after; accompany; attend; pursue; 
engage in; obey. 2. To result from. IL 
i. 1. To go or move after something; 
pursue. 2. To be a natural consequence. 

— follow-er, n. One who or that which 
follows; an adherent, imitator, or attendant. 

— folio w-lng. I. pa. Next in order; suc- 
ceeding. II. n. A body of adherents or 

folly, 1 fel'i; 2 fol'y, n. [fol'lies e , pi.] 
The state of being foolish; foolish conduct, 
or its result. 

fo-ment '<*, 1 fo-ment'; 2 fo-ment', vt. 1. 
To apply warm or medicated lotions to. 
2. To stir up to heat or violence; insti- 
gate.— fo'men-ta'tlon, n. The act of fo- 
menting, in any sense; any lotion or medic- 
inal substance used in fomenting. 

fond, 1 fend; 2 fond, a. 1. Loving; 
affectionate; sometimes, foolishly affec- 
tionate. 2. Foolishly prised; trivial; silly. 
-ly, adv. -ness. n. 

foil 'die, U fen'dl; 2 fftn'dl, vt. & w. 

fon'dl p , /[FON'DLCEiD*; fon'dling.J To 
handle lovingly; caress. 

font 1 , 1 fent; 2 f&nt, n. 1. A receptacle 
for the water used in baptising. 2. A 

font 2 , n. Print. A full assortment of type 
of a particular kind. 

food, 1 fud; 2 food, n. Nourishment; 
nutriment; aliment. 

fool, 1 ful; 2 fool. I. vt. <fe vi. To make a 
fool of; impose upon; deceive; play the 
fool. II. n. 1. A person lacking sense; 
a simpleton. 2. An idiot; imbecile. 3. 
A court Jester.— fool'er-y, n. Mes«, jrf.l 
Foolish conduct; anything foolish.— fool'- 
h»r"dy, a. Bold without Judgment; reck- 
less; rash.— foorhar /f dl-ly, adv.- fooT- 
har"dl-ness, n.— foolish, a. Of or like a 
fool; weak-minded; marked by folly, -ly, 

1: • = final; i = habit; aisle; an s out; oil; 111 = feud; 4hm; go; n=*sin<7; Chin, Oils. 
2: wolf, do,; bdok, boot; full, rule, cure, but, burn; oil, bdy; go, gem; ink; thin, this. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


adv. -nets, *.— fotfs'cap", n. A stee of 
writing-paper about 13 by 8 inches. 

foots 1 fut; 2 fo"6t f v. L t. 1. To tread; set 
the foot on; travel. 2. To add, as a col- 
umn of figures. II. i. To go afoot: walk. 

foot, n. [feet, 1 fit; 2 fet, pi.] 1. The 
part below the ankle in man, or the cor- 
responding part in other animals. 2. 
Anything in any way like an animal's 
foot; the lowest part of a thing; the last of 
a series. 3. A measure: twelve inches. 
4. Unmounted troops; infantry. 5. Pros. 
A division of a verse.- foot'tall", n. A 
large inflated ball to be kicked in play; also, 
the game in which It is used.— foot'fall", n. 
The sound of a footstep.— fboPhold", n. A 
place where the foot may rest; secure footing; 
established position.— footing, n. 1. A 
place to stand or walk on; hence, secure posi- 
tion. 2. The adding or the sum of a column 
of figures .— footlights", n. pi. lights in a 
row near the front of the stage, as in a 
theater — foot'man, n. [-men, pl.\ 1. A 
man servant who attends a carriage, etc. 8 1| • 
A foot-soldier.— foof pad", n. A highway- 
man or robber on foot.— foot'prlnt", n. An 
impression of a foot, foot'* mark"*.— 
foot'*sol"dler, n. A soldier who marches 
and fights on foot; an infantryman.— footf- 
atep", n. A step; footfall; footprint.— 
foet'stool", n. A low stool for the feet. 

fop, 1 fep; 2 fop, n. A man affectedly 
fastidious in dress or deportment; a 
dandy.— fop 'per- y, n. [-n»«, pl.\ The 
conduct or practises of a fop. 

for, 1 far; 2 fdr. I. prep. Because of; on 
account of; with a view to; in behalf of; 
in place of; in honor of; by the name of. 
II. conj. Seeing that; since; because. 

for 'age, 1 fer'ij; 2 foVag. 1. vt. & vi. 
[for'aged; for'ag-ing.J To overrun in 
search of forage; collect food for men and 
stock by roving search. II. n. 1. Any 
food suitable for horses or cattle. 2. The 
act of foraging.— for'ag-er, n. 

for"as-much', 1 feVax-mutfh'; 2 for'a§- 
mach', conj. Seeing or considering that: 
used with as. 

for 'ay, 1 fer'S; 2 fSr'a. I. vt. & vi. To 
ravage; pillage; raid. II. n. A maraud- 
ing expedition; raid. 

fer-bade', \ l fer-bad'; 2 tor-bad', imp. of 

for- bad '*, / forbid, v. 

for-bear', 1 fer-b&r'; 2 fftr-bar', v. [for- 
bore, 1 fer-bdr', 2 for-b&r'; for-borne', 
1 fer-bSrn', 2 for-b5rn'; for-bear'ing.] 
I. t. To refrain or abstain from. II. i. 
1. To refrain from some action. 2. To 
be patient. -Ing, a.— for-bear'ance, n. 
The act of forbearing; patience; mildness.— 
for-bear'liig-Iy, adv. 


for-Md', 1 fer-bid'; 2 for-Md', vL (for- 
bade', 1 for-bad', 2 f fir-bad'; fob-bid'den, 
1 fer-bid'n, 2 for-bld'n, or fob-bid'; for- 
bid'ding.] To command against; pro- 
hibit; oppose effectually; prevent.— for-Md'- 
dtng, pa. Such as to repel; repellent; re- 
pulsive, [pp. Of FORBEAR, 0. 

for-bore', imp. of forbear, v.— fer-borne', 
force, 1 fdrs; 2 f6rc. I. vt. {forced*; 

forVing.] 1. To compel. 2. 

To stimulate artificially. II. 

n. 1. Any operating energy; 

constraint; compulsion; co- 
ercion; cogency; efficacy; im- ' 

port. , 2. An organised body, 

as of troops; an army.— force'- 

nil, «.— force'ful-ly, adr.— 

force-pump", n. A pump 

that forces fluid out or up by 

means of compressed air. A Side-suc- 

for'ceps, 1 feVseps; 2 fcVceps, «<» Ft*©*-