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Full text of "Confederate veteran [serial]"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/confederateveter04conf 



V. Y. COOK, 

WOT LOANABI 



. 



INDEX— VOLUME IV. 



Advertising in the Veteran 1 

After Fall of Fort Donelson 289 

Alexander, G. S 343 

Allison. T. F. P 237 

An Arkansas Boy's Escape 277 

An Oak Tree Killed by Minis Balls 

Antietam 321. 389, 444 

\i'l» il for i nir History 431 

Ani" :u :m. !■ in. I Characteristics of Forrest 11 

Krcher's Brigade Reunion 

BLshford, James A 

Author of iii Country 'TIs of Thee 31 

baker's Creek and Champion Hill 350 

pate, Cncle Jim 

Battle Aliln \ Cor the South 26, 48, 07 

Battle Abbej Tournament in Nashville 176 

Battle, Joel A., Tribute to 365 

Battle of iuka 

Battle of s mi Manassas 21! 

Binkley, B. F 

jBlackmore, Mrs. Maria Louisa 165 

Bold Mississippi Rolls On 

Bonham, M. F 44] 

Boy's Fidelity to Cause 

Boy Soldier's Fidelity 119 

Bragg, Mr. and Mrs. Braxton 102, 103 

Brain, J. C sen i::i 

Brave Teutons in Virginia Army 

Brown's (Joe) Pikes 281 

Brunt. Thomas T 264 

Bnford's Brigade at Baker's Creek and Champion Hill 

Bullard. Lieut. Col 436 

Campaigning I nder Difficulties 

Camp Chase Confederate Dead 246 

Pannonading the Moon is 

Capture of Florence, Alabama 42.1 

Carey, John B 245 

garter, Mrs. Robert 118 

Pauses of the War 7.". 

Celebration of Lee's Birthday : 59 

Censuring Gen. Joe Hooker 12s 

Champion llill and Baker's Creek 350 

Charleston Harbor 229 

Charming Nellie, Letters to. 8, H 90, 118, 185, 277.. 305. 345, 377. 42S 

Clay, i 'lenient 121 

Closing Retreat from Ami. tarn m 

Comrade Ass Hartz In Prison 127 

Confederate Dead .11 Fredericksburg 230 

Confederate Generals 47. 110 

Confederate Heroes and Martyrs 27:t 

Confederate Home for Kentucky 330 

Confederate Home for Maryland t>] 

Confederate Home for Missouri 61 

Confederate Home for Texas 1." 

Confederate Memorial Association IB1, 4114 

Confederate Memorial Day 222. 227 

Confederate Memorial Institute :!72 

Confederate Monument of Kentucky 310 

onfederate Reunions Approved 312 

1 'on federate Sonus 

Confederates at Gettysburg Ill 

crossing Over Into Maryland 275 

Crouch, P. W. m. Author of Kathleen Mavourneen 

Custer and Rosser, Running Fight With 56 

Dallj Rebel Banner 344 

Daniel, Major \\\. at Lee's Grave 47 

Deed of St. in and Escort 358 

Daughters of the Confederacy Li 

Daughters of the C ederacy In Alexandria \ 1 LfiO 

1 era ot the Confederates In Arkansas 203 

Daughters of the Confedi raej in Columbia, Tenn 380 

1 era ot the Confederacj In Savannah 105 

iters of tii,. Confederacy In Texas 202 

Daughters of the Confederacy In Virginia 81, im 

Daughters of Confedert > rans HI* 



Davis. Sam 13. 2.:.. 38, 90, 131, 112. 189, 204, 246, 253. 339. 411. 413 

Davis, Jefferson 392, 347 

Death of a Faithful Comrade 340 

Heroes 330 

Doings of Comrades in New York 117 

Howling at Sabine Pass 366 

Dunnington. John W 84, 100 

Edgar, Thomas. A Galveston Veteran 35 

Echols. Gen. John 316 

Ellis,, Major Towson 250 

Erwin. Eugene l'iU 

Experience In Escaping from Prison 

Palse Flag of Truce at Anti. tarn 32 

Penner's Louisiana Battery 

Fine Entertainment In Galveston 

Fine Shot s_ in Virginia Army 73 

Fire That an Ivy Kindled 121 

First Confederate Monumen 439 

First Experience In B 

Flag History 

Florence, Alabama. Captured 

Dr. C. F 390 ' 

and Jackson 

t's Appearance and Characteristics 11 

Fought Their Last Battle 132 

Fourteenth Tenn. Iment 

Fredericksburg 231 

French, s. Q 

Fulton. Lieut. Ool., of North Carolina 27 

Major Frank 18! 

Gallantry of a Staff Officer, Jo phi mix 

from Libertj Bell Material 

G l's Patriotic Women 213 

burg ] 03. 17s 

Gettysburg and Sharpsburg 

Good Result of Tanner's Speech at Richmond 

Graves, Rice E 314 

es, Robert H 

Grigsby, Andrew J., He Served His Countrj Well 68 

Hail. Edward i> , of North Carolina 229 

Harris. James A. 

Helm a.nd Lincoln JJ 

Helping the Resaca Cemetery 304 

Hemming. C. ' '. and His 'lift 1 iv 

Heroes of the Confederate Navy 313 

Heroines of the South 107. 147 

He Went for His Colonel's Chickens ^7 

Hickman. John P 

Historical Document 210 

Holder. Maj. Gen. W. 1> 210 

Honesty in the South 41:1 

Hood's Texans In Pennsylvania : 

Hooker, Censuring Joe 

[deal Soldier 

Important Reunion Suggestions 312 

Incidents at Frederii ksburg 

Inman, John H 41s 

Interesting History in Louisiana 27s 

Interest in c War Statistics 

Interests of the Veterans ISO 

Jackson, Stonewall 288 

Jackson's Guide When Shot, i> .1 Kyle 

Jackson, W. H 

Johnston, Joseph E , 

Johnston, Mrs. a. s 

Jordan. M. P. 1 

Kim kirk. S. D 

Ladies Memorial \ .. 249 

Ininders. John 33 

Last Pattlo of ih. Wax :m. -ik; 

Last Meeting With Forres4 :-: 

Last Words of Stonewall Jackson 1 

1 irnlng Lessons of Charity 257 



2 



Qopfederat^ Ueterap. 



amp Soldiers' Home 

J, R. E 59, 232, 

L/i rs Horn Veterans 

ers to Charming Nellie S, 41, 'JO, IIS, 27a, 3U5, 345, 377, 

Lieutenant Generals 

Lightner, Isaac 

Lincoln and Helm 

1. mli den, James 

1 .' iiiisLanians at Appi imatt "x 



M alone. Thomas H 

Marengo (Ala. i Rilles 

Markham, Thomas D 

Marksmanship in the Army 

Marshall. Harriett 

Mau ry, M. F 

Maxey, S. B 

Mi Lean, K. O.. President Cheatham Bivouac at Nashville. 

Memorial Day in Missouri 

Memphis Wants the Battle Abbey 

Message from U. C. V. Headquarters 

Miller Replies to Randolph 

Mississippi in the Confederacy 

Missouri Memorial Day 

Mitchell. Captain John 

Monroe, Ben J 

Monroe, T. B 

Monument a t Winchester 

Morgan, S. D 



National Flag 

National Soldiers' Homes 

Naval Battles in Mexico Gull 

New York Comrades 

Ninth Alabama. Company F., Reunion.. 
Notes (rum Webster County, Kentucky. 

Oak Tree Felled by Minie Halls 

Old Battlegrounds in Mississippi 

Old Confederate Days 

Old Landmarks of the Army 

Old "Tige's" Department 

One Company in Fifty-Seven Battles 

Our Confederate Memorial Day 

Our Dead at Lexington 



Patriotic Doings While Summering 

patriotic Sons of Veterans 

Patriotism of the Sections 331, 

Pendleton, William M 

Perilous Return to Camp 

Plunket, J. D 

Powhatan Troop Monument 

Portraits of Confederates Wanted 

Prison, Reminiscences, Reply to Randolph 

Private at the Plow 



28 
401 
29 

425 
2S7 
252 

72 
367 

90 

236 

50 
315 

14 

34 
175 
2S2 
245 
231 

88 
1SS 
3S7 
435 
231 
6 
343 
343 
298 
314 

260 
4S 
280 
417 
400 
25 

307 

70 

301 

24 

202 

155 

222 

89 

317 
215 
369 
262 
S2 
237 
341 
178 
3S7 
3S6 

343 



Quirk. Thomas 

Randolph, N. V 2S7 

Rawhide Retaliation at Fort Donelson 435 

Record Made by the Tar Heels 257 

Regimental History Corrected 303 

Resaca Cemetery, Helping the 304 

Ri sponsibility for Death of Prisoners 10 

Reunion at Brownsville 335 

Reunion at Macon, Mississippi 286 

Reunion at Nashville 361 

Reunion at Richmond 241 

Reunion of Company F., Ninth Alabama 406 

Reunion Shiloh lial 1 1 > ■ 1 i . - 1 .1 155 

Reunion of S. C. Comrades 109 

Reunion Notes 365 

Richmond Reunion Incidents 2S5 

Riettl, John, Death of Faithful Comrade 340 

River Batteries at Fort Donelson 393 

Rogers, Colonel, With When He Fell 220 

Rogers. William P 57 

Rosser and Custer, Running Fight of 56 

Roster of Confederate Generals 46 

Rouss to Mrs. J. C. Brown SI 

Second Manassas 218 

Shephard and Evander 235 

Sherman's Colonization Scheme 371 



Shoup, F. A. 



339 



Singular Experiences "i" Brothers, ll. J. and L. J. Walker... 3S5 

Sinn .;:. Harry T '-39 

Sketches of Comrades, Confederates iso 

Smith, A. Pickens 384 

Smith, G. W 4»" 

Smith, Robert A. i Monument 279 

Smith, Sam F., Author of My Country Tis of Thee 31 

Smith. William. Governor of Virginia «04 

Soldiers of Confederacy i»s 

Songs of t/he Confederacy 152 

South Carolina Division U. C. V 297 

Southern Mothers 440 

Sout hern Sentiment 52 

Southern Social Relations 442 

Southern Soldiers 79 

Sparks. J. W 286 

Sponsor Souvenir Album 164 

Status of Official Badge in U. C. V 430 

Still Mad With Rebel Flag 103 

Stoney, William E 383 

Story ot the Lees 23 

Strahl, O. F 299 

Si i aim,' Coincidence of the Army 61 

Subscribers to the Veteran 391 

Sun Shines Bright 325 

Sykes. Charles 23S 

Tanner's Address at Richmond 212 

Tennessee Veterans 61 

Tenth Mississippi, Bullard 436 

Thirty-Three Years After a Tragedy 374 

Thompson, E. P 367 

Thrilling Experience Near Memphis 193 

Tilghman, Lloyd 314 

Tillman in South America 49 

Toney, Marcus 238 

Tribute to Carrolls of Carrollton 1S1 

Tribute to Gen. Joel A. Battle 36S 

Tribute to Jefferson Davis 292, 347 

Tribute to Maxey 282 

Tribute to Man in Black 153 

Tribute to Montgomery Ladies 355 

Tribute to Patriotic Citizens 55 

Truth of History 15 

Turney, Peter 235 

Two Great Reunions 333 

U. C. V 28, 39 

U. C. V. Badgt- 430 

U. C. V. Camp 209 

U. C. V. Camp List 121, 265 

U. C. V. Commissions for Officers 411 

U. C. V. Constitution and By-Laws 167, 319 

U. C. V. Reunion 416 

U. C. V. South Carolina 297 

U. D. C 22, 133, 251, 405 

United Daughters in Virginia 133. 141 

United Daughters Appeal 61 

Uncle Jim Bate 3S5 

Unjust History Refuted 427 

U. S. C. V 25S 

Valuable Heirlooms 115 

Vaulx, Joseph 3SS 

Veteran Day at Monteagle 135 

Veteran Four Years Old 403 

Veteran's Golden Wedding 55 

Veteran Subscribers 391 

Vision by the Last Veteran 177 

Waller, John H 343 

Warren Blues at Manassas 233 

War Statistics 432 

War Times in Georgia 160 

When Rank 'Was Ignored : 428 

Who Conceived the Battle Abbey 157 

Windsor, North Carolina 3S6 

With Rogers When He Fell 22U 

Women of the South 10S 

Young Men to the Front 342 

POETRY. 

All Quiet Along the Potomac To-Night 263 

An Appeal to the South 120 



Confederate l/eterai}. 



An Hour in Hollyvi I Cemetery 272 

An i'I.i Battlefield in Georgia :> 

Asa Hartz in Prison 127 

A Southern Rose 141 

I'M J in the Pines 4 

!'• is Burned Away 43 

Bivouac of the Dead 211 

Call It Not a Dost Cause 165 

Daughters of the Confederacy 361 

Davis, Sum 63, 148, 207 

In Memorlam 165 

Jackson and His Men 

K:i ' hi -en Mavourneen 

Marse Robert is Asleep 64 

Mj Countrj 'Tis of Thee 30 

Old Kentucky Home 330 

Old Maxey's Sword.. 282 

Our Veterans al Richmond 

Our Women c-i the South I 

I'n. ml. ,m llust 

Kebei or Loyalist 130 

Savannah 213 

Southern Flags 313 

Southern Heroine 10S 

Splrll ni '61-J96 63 

i Charge 

i'n | ■ Donned the I Iraj Again 

Fought Again 

Will Papa 'mi 

Winchester Monument 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Across the James from Richmond 216 

Arlington i 

Flag 

Calhoun, Ga . Court House 

r.mij Chase Monument. 

i apltol :n Vicksburg 7U 

piii. The 

Ci lousi al Franklin 298, 300 

■ hiii. ton Docks 6 

'null i'n Veterans 135 

■ i i Post ' ifflce 

Company r. Nashville Veterans 356 

Confederate Cemeterj at Columbus 

Confed i e Monument in Augusta it. 214 

lerate Monument in Chicago ; 

Confederate Monument in Hollywood Cemeterj 272 

•' ,,i .■ii«*r;ii<i Monument in Jackson. Miss. 272 

Confederate Monument in Lexington, Mn 

i. rate Monument in Mississippi 7" 

Confederate Monument in Savannah 106 

Monument in Windsor, N. C 

Convention Hall al Richmond 285 

Cotton Gin 

Davis (Jefferson) Monument 

Davis, Sam, Grave and Home 189, i 

iii'nl. Y.i. hi 53 

Dock .11 Charleston 6 

Dock hi Savannah 105 

Fenner's Lou tana i lattery 373 

First i'n. ii, .,ii i .ii Capital 216 

117 

■ I Thirteenth .Mississippi 296 

Tribute 245 

I'm rust Statue ii 

Fort Donelson 

Glimpses of Nashville 281 

i i .. u, w s Monument .'it 

1 1 1 in s Hou 

Hollywood i vm.-t. tv tin 

Hollyw I Cemetery, Monument in 140 

.inh ii si m's Island 437 

Johnston Monument in 

Joplin Family 399 

1 i. E.i 1 .imp in Virginia 

1 hi Monument (Mo.) 231 

Memphis Infantry 

'" I HOT] Rldgl ' '!- . 1 . i . 1 , I .... ,- 30 

Nashville ' iai mh . . ...... 

Nashville Tabernacle 

Powhatan Troop Monument 

K. ]•:. Li,. Camp In Virginia 231 



Kii iin 1 . 284 

Savannah 1 > Scenes i".~.. 172, 206 

Smith, Robe: \. Monument 

Suns of Veterans 332 

South Carolina Veterans at 1 1 

Rock, Lool 1 Mountain 

Tennessee Centennial 1 

Hum.-' fur Confe 

)' ■ at Nashville 

IS- S4 

Vicksb ' nil House 130 

Vicksburg, Miss., Monument 97 

Vicksburg, Miss., National Cemetery 70, 174 

Virginians at Davis Monument :>3 

WheP 01 Was Married 

28 1 

LAST ROLL. 

Arrasmith, Ji siali 416 Inman, John H lis 

I .1 A 251 Johnston, -Mrs. A. S 439 

Black, C. C 132 Jordan, Dr. M. D. 1 3,19 

Blackmore, Mrs. M L 166 Markham. T. R 315 

Daniel, Geo 43 McMechan Robl C 

W. L 132 M .0.1,11. Sum. Houston 132 

Gattlin, R. C ZS« Pennington. E. L 132 

Gee. J. I . 188 1 . J. R 76 

1 279 Rietti. John C. 

Gwyn, .las 135 Sh up. F A 339 

i . 1 B. D 229 Sparks, Jesse \v 2S7 

Humphries, Chas 161 



AI'THi IRS 



id ■ . Ml .1 E 3ss 

\ ' is. N 

Ma 1 ('has 289 



Arm ■ ' 1: 132 

Baki r, Andrew J 174 

Barney. Mrs. Nannie S Ill 

1 Ki3 

Billings John D 331. 369 

Blanton, .1 C en 

1 

' John 164 

..Inn -I , Mrs. \\ l; 

Blxxw '1 .1.'-'," 1 lt> 

Brown, Mis. .1 hn C 60 

in 

M. T 23 

S D 127 

1 \\ L ! 

Cannon, J P 

Cantrell, B. M 279 

Ca,tron. O. H. P 60 

\ . H. J Si 

,'his.ilm. A. R 161 

1. Henry 47. 100 

Clark, M. H 134 

.in". R 116 

Coleman, R. B ! 16 

Colquhour, 155 

Compt.m \\ A 233 

Cottrell, Jas H 



y, C. W 

Dudley. Mr- 1; II 

Edgar, Thos. A 

s 1: 

' in. nt A 

Fitzgerald 1 > I' 

Folk, Mrs. Emma Gates 

w in 1 ' 199, 

Ii S. G 

Fuller, B. .1 

1 1' nry .1 

M Jas M 

John W 

Gentry, Mi! 9 

lining, John 

Goodwin, Wm 

I A 

Greif. J. W 

Griffith, s a 

r 

Guinon, Oapt. Louis 

II. ill. L. P 

Hall. Tuni 

Harris, F. s 

Harn, Tyler D 

Hay, P D 

. Charlie 

Hill, Ben 

. N. B 

Holmes, Jas. ' '. 

HJoraley, A s 

Hubbard. Ex. Gov 



Crow h. B W 307 

Crump. J. W 119 Hutches ,11. John A . 

Crump, Mrs .1. W 277 Inzer, Joton W 146 

Cummlngs, C. C 45. 153 Jackson. Dr. R. D 

I'ussuns 12:1 Jackson, W. H 

Dalian, L. A 16:; Johnson, Cart 

■ Pegram 195 Jonas, S. A 

Davis, Jefferson :i7l Jones, Chas. E 

Davis. Mrs. H. P , C. E 

Day, Mrs. M Kii 1 ,11 317 Jones, J. Wm 232. 261. 

Day, W. H 257 Jones, Sallie 

ig, John R 1 ii 11:11 . Mrs. M. M 

Di Fontalm Mil ■ F. c, 100 k nn dj . Jo ' 

Dew, R.J 15 King Mrs J C.J 

in, W. E 164 Kyle, David J 

Doollttle, C. A Bree, Ben 132.157. 



353 

61 

21 

439 

222 

2117 

210 

193 
134 

217 
1'9 
307 
436 
35» 
163 
313 
250 

354 

171 
357 
127 
233 

50 
297 

24 
442 
412 
211 
390 
176 

15 

43 

47 

331 

03 

174 
30S 
132 



Qopfederate Ueterap. 



Lambert, Col. Will 

Lane. Gen. Jas. H 

Lebrune, Jack 

Lee. E. T 

Lindsay, R. H 

Luftin. J. C 

London. Jas. A 

Mackey, Fianklin H 

Man-.j'. Geo 

McCall, \V. M 

M I ' ilium, J. L 

McKinstry, J. A 

McKinstry. Miss Hettie M.. 

Messenger. Mrs. L. R 257, 

Miller, r. T 

Mill, r, P Ik 

Mills, Mrs. Jas. H 

M mro , Judge E. C 

Monroe, Miss Sue 

Moore, John Trotwood 

Moorman, Geo 

M "i-ton, Annie B 

Morton, A. S 109, 

Motlow, Felix 

Nesbitt, N. B 

Newman, Howard W 

Noland, Mrs. Kate 

Nutt. Miss Nannie 

Ogilvie, W. H 

O'Hara. Theodore 

Osborne, Thos. D 

Palmer, Horace 

Parker, Frances 

Parks, W. P 

Phelps, Miss Ruth 

Pitcher, Mrs. F. A 

Polley, J. B. 8, 44, 90 118, 159, 
185, 219. 275. 305, 345, 377, 

Poppenheim, Louisa 

Portis, John C 

Randolph, N. V 28, 

Ransom, L. C 

Ratcliffe, Mrs. N. C 

Reagan, John H 

Reece, Jas 

Reinhardt, N. C 

Rhett, Claudine 



837 
444 

£09 

155 
123 

90 
367 
313 
375 
S12 

58 
220 
332 
209 
357 
192 
230 
179 
37S 
143 
189 
120 
133 
330 
295 
338 
133 
137 

25 
241 
327 
369 
251 
163 
194 
431 

425 
292 
304 
101 
311 
203 
74 
161 



Ridley. B. L 14. 107. 273, 35S 

EM ecke, A. W 276 

Rietti, Chas 341 

Rietti. John C 279 

Robertson. J. H 3*$ 

Rogers, Nina Mandeville 2S2 

Rogers, R. L 428 

Ross, Edward B '93 

Rouss. C. B 80, 143 

Rowan. Cleve 324 

Rowland. Kate Mason 151 

Rozell. Geo. F 429 

Russell, H. C 142 

Ryan, Father 47 

Sampson, Sarah F 202 

Se'bTing, Mrs. W. H 193 

Shannon, I. N 35s 

Shelley, Henry E 156 

Sheppard, Jas. H 155 

Shipp. J. F 430 

Shoup. E. H 281 

Sibley. Mrs. W. C 213 

Simmons, J. W 3^5 

Slatt< r. \V. J 351 

Smart, C. H 117 

Smith, J. B. K 63 

Smith. S. F 30 

Sta'nti n, t rank 28, S18 

Stewart, Wm. H 147 

Stockard. S. J 381 

.tanner, Jas 242 

Thompson, Maurice 431 

Tillman. J. D 491 

Travis, W. J 51 

Trimble, I. R 27 

Townsend, Mrs. Mary 285.297 

Tuttle, R. M J12 

Ward, John Shirley 10 

Ware, Mrs. Mary 165 

Weeden. John D 303 

Weller. John H... 365 

Wilson, Jas. E 234 

Winchester, Jas. R 253 

Wise, Geo 163 

Wood, Robt. E 67 

Wyeth, John A 41, 141 



PORTRAITS. 



Alexander, G. S 

Allison, T. F. P 

Anderson. Clias. W 

Barney, Mrs. Nannie S. 



343 

237 

288 

230 

Beauregard. P. G. T 225, 401 

Beavens. C. C 336 

Bibb, Mrs. Sophia 241' 

Binkley. B. F 236 

Bowman, Jno 274 

Boyd, Henry W 314 

Boyd, John 217 

Bragg, Braxton 102 

Bragg. Mrs. Braxton 103 

Brandon, Thos. A 21T, 

Breckinridge, John C 151. 326 

Brunt, Thos. T 264 

Buchanan, Sam H 329 

Buckner, S. B 327 

Buckner, S. B., Jr 367 

Cabell, W. L 202 

Caldwell. John W 328 

Canal, Terry 359 

Carey, John B 245 

Carter. Mrs. Robert 318 Echols, John 

Cato, Mrs. Helen Price 109 Edgar. T. H 

Charming, Nellie 187,377 Ellis, Towson 

Cheney, H. J 52 Ely, Nrilie 

Chipley, W. D 372 Emmet. Daniel Decatur 

Claiborne, Delia 367 j Erwin, Eugene 



.135, 



Clark, Wm. L 

Clay. Clement 

Clopton, Minnie 

Clapton, Mrs. C. C. 

Cobb, Miss Leoma 

Cofer, Martin 

Coleman, Estelle 

Cook, H. M 

Cotton, Robt. F 

Cusson, John 

riaffan, Kate 

Davi, Ghas. Louis 

Davis, Jefferson Hayes 

Davis, Jefferson 195, 

Davis, John G 

Davis. Winnie 

Davis, Mrs. Chas. Louis.. 19, 

Desha, Jo 

1 >• Rosset, W. L 

Dickinson, J. J 

Dickinson, Col. A. G 

Dunnington. John W... 

Early. Jubal 



329 
424 
211 
525 
243 
328 
111 
180 

20 
355 
376 

19 
259 
230 

20 
201 
374 
329 
353 
217 
417 
100 
223 
316 

25 
264 
207 

2 
264 



Field. Henry M 422 

Fletcher .John G 217 

Force, Chas. F 390 

Forney, Mrs. C. A 407 

French. S. G 428 

Forrest, Gen 288 

Fry, Geo. "1 135 

Gailor, Frank 182 

<:ailor. Bishop 183 

Garrett, W. R :35 

Goodloe, A. T 02 

Gordon, D. M 253 

Gordon, John B 135 

Graves, Re- E 314 

Graves, Rob i . H 204 

Grigsby, A. J 269 

Hall. Edward D 229 

I [andley, 1. wis (.2 

Hanson, Roger 154, 326 

Harris. Mrs. M. Gunter 106 

Hatcher. R. A 35S 

Hawkins. Hiram 328 

Hayes. Mrs 201, 25S 

Helm. Mrs. Ben H 2S9 

Helm, Ben H 326 

Hemming, C. C 118 

Hewett, Fayette 329 

Hewett. John W 32S 

Hill, A. P 261. 401 

Hickman, John P 23S 

Hogan. N. B 50 

Holder 210 

Holmes, Col. Jas 140 

Hood. J. B 101 

Hughes, Geo. W 20 

Hunt. Thos 32S 

Inma.n, John 418 

Jackson. Stonewall 2SS, 401 

Jackson, W. H 76, 235 

Jester. Mrs. L 22 

Jobe, D. S 273 

Johnson, Geo. W 162 

Johnson, Rev. John 140 

Johns, Mrs. Mary Bradford. 106 

Johnston. Jos. E 401 

Johnston, A. S 439,154 

Jones, Wm. P 260 

Joplin Family 399 

Joplin, Tom 274 

Jordan, Dr. M. D. L 309 

Kimbark, S. D 240 

Knauss. Wm. H 24S 

Knox. Sue 149 

Kyle, Mrs. Kate 37,106 

Ledbetter, Wm 187 

Lee. Phil 328 

Lee, Robt. E 259, 401 

Lie. Stephen 201 

Little, Henry W 353 

Lew's, Jas. H 326 

Long, J. M 338 

Longman, W. W 162 

Malone, Thos. H 236 

Markham. Thos. D 315 

Marshall, Harriett 35 

Martin, Flora 242 

Massey, John 274 

McKendree, D. E 329 

McKinstry, J. A 220 

McLean. R. 245 

Mendez. S. P 343 

Miln.-r. Mary C *. 200 

Monroe, B. J 343 

Monroe, T. B 343, 325 

Moorman, Geo 77 

Morgan, Calvin 179 

Morgan, G. Washington 179 

Morgan, T, Key 179 



Ksliolman. B. F 215 

Evans, Clement A 223 

Morgan, John II 89 

Morgan, Sam D 314 

Morgan, Tins. A 179 

Morris. Mary 362 

Morton, A. S 109 

Moss. Jas. W 328 

Newberry, Dr. Thos 329 

Nuckolls. Jos. P 32!> 

ue, Miss 364 

I boa tie. Thos 320 

Pelham. John 247. 330 

Pender, W. D 401 

Pendleton, Wm. N 262 

Pickett, Geo. E 4(il 

Pickett. Jo Desha 329 

Pillow, Gideon 398 

Plunket, J. D r37 

Polley, J. B 187 

Polk, Antoinette 107 

Porch, W. H 20 

Power. J. L 135 

Preston, Wm 154. 32U 

Quirk. Thos 343 

Raines, Mrs. A. M 41" 

Randolph, N. V 257 

Reagan, John H 77 

Rietti. John C 340 

Roberts. Sam 20 

Roberts, Wm 20 

R bertson, Mrs. W 337 

Rogers, John 329 

Rogers, W. P 57, 222 

Ross, R. R 3' 3 

Rouss, C. B 200 

Russell. Thos. A 162 

Ryan. Father 3 

Sansom, Emma 10S 

Sebring, W. H 198 

Shaw, H. B 20 

Shelby. J. 215 

Shute, J. M 20 

Simmons, Mrs J9 

Sinnott, Harry £39 

Smith. A. Pickens 384 

Smith. E. Kirby 2:-o ~ 

Smith. Dee 273 

Smith, Wm 304 

Sparks. J. W 286 

Spurr, Julia H 363 

Stewart. Wm 175 

Stoney, Wm. E 383 

Story, J. C 202 

Strahl, Otto F 299 

Stuart, J. E. B 4n 

Tanner, Jas 246 

Tarver. Otis S 40 

Thomas, DeWitt C ISO 

Thomas, Miss Jane 110 

Thompson, Edward P 367 

Tilghman. Lloyd 314 

Toland, Margaret 200 

Toney. Marcus 238 

Trabue, Robt. P 32S 

Turney. Peter 235 

Vaulx, Maj. Jos 388 

Walker. C. Irving 139 

Walker, H. J 385 

Walker, L. J 3S5 

Waller, John H 343 

Watts, A. T 202 

West, A. J 223 

Wickliffe. John W 329 

Wilkes, Mary Dean 200 

Witherspoon, Miss Holly 363 

Wormley. Mrs. Ralph 441 

Woodruff, Mrs. Robbie 109 



JANUARY, 1896 



PATRIOTIC AND PROGRESSIVE. 



PRICE. 10 CENTS. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 

'*5 , 



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PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATt >i / «NS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Price $100 per Year, i v t v 
in Advance. ( V OL. ± V . 



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v „ 1 1 S. A. CUNNINGHAM 

JNO. 1. , EDITOR. 




Circulation: '93.79.430. '94.121.644. '95.154.992. $1.00 A YEAR. 



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Embracing Nearly 1 .000 Camps and Chapters with over 60.000 Members . 





ARLINGTON, oi.lt HOME OF GENERAL K. K. LEE. 



THIS picture is taken from down the abrupt slope in front of the residence, directly towards the National Capitol. It 
was a Charming place as a bome an ideal spot in itself, and overlooks Washington City, the National Capitol and 

the Washington Monument being prominent in the picture. Arlington is one of the most noted places in America. 

The extensive grounds are used now as a National Cemetery. A half dozen Confederates are buried in one corner 
of the grounds. Nothing about tin- premises indicates that Gen. I.co ever lived, or that any other Southern man 
ever performed a patriotic deed. The South has long suffered but continues strong for the general welfare 



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COLIIY, KANSAS. 



NASHVILLE COLLEGE FOR YOUNG LADIES. 

Three Buildings. Rooms for 200 boarders. Forty Officers, Teachers and Lecturers. Session begins September 2. 1895. Privileges 

in the Vanderbilt University. Eminent Lecturers every season. 



In Music two first-class musicians are in charge of the instrumental 
and vocal departments. With them are associated other teachers 
of fine culture and great skill in the production of the best musical 
compositions. Pupils enjoy advantages in hearing the highest style 
of music. 

Our Art Department is in the finest studio of the city, beautifully 
lighted, and amply supplied with models. Pupils enjoy from time 
to time advantages for seeing and studying best art works, such as 
can be found only in a progressive and wide-awake city. 

For Scientific Studies our classes have the privilege of attending the 
lectures of Vanderbilt Professors in the Laboratories of Chemistry, 
of Physics, and of Natural History, giving access to the splendid 
resources of the leading institution of the South. 

our Gymnasium is fully equipped for its work. Every species of 
apparatus requisite for full development of the bodily organs iB 
here provided for our flourishing classes. Both the Sargent and the 
Swedish Gymnastics taught. 



Our Literary* Schedule embraces a Bcheme of education extending 

over a period of four years, and a mode of training which is in 

advance of competition. 
A Kindergarten is in connection with the College; also training class 

for teachers and mothers who desire to learn Frccbel's principles of 

child-culture. 
The Best Elocutionary Training under the care of Prof. Merrill, of 

Vanderbilt University, who enjoys anational reputation. Teachers 

desiring instruction are invited to try this course. 
Practical Education is provided for pupils who desire to learn Dress 

cutting and fitting. Stenography, Typewriting and Bookkeeping. 
Magnificent New Building 108x68 feet, facing on Broad and on Vaux- 

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Two ears on the Alabama. 

By Lieutenant Arthur Sinclair, Confederate 
States Navy. With 32 Portraits and Illustra- 
tions 8 vo. Price $3.00. Leather $5.00. 

The publishers say: In his history of the 
"Alabama" Commander Semmes carefully con- 
fined himself within the limits of legal and pro- 
fessional statement, and as it cannot be doubted 
that a cruise so unique and remarkable had its 
share of incident and adventure, the surviving 
officers have induced Lieutenant Arthur Sinclair 
to prepare this graphic account of that cruiser. It 
is needless to say that Mr. Sinclair has made an 
interesting book, whatever the sympathies of the 
reader in regard to the merits of the great strug- 
gle. We are introduced to the officers and men 
and taken with them to share their everyday life 
and adventure on board. It is a book that will be 
eagerly read by all lovers of adventurous story. 
The appendix contains historical matter, biograph- 
ical notices of the officers, statistics, etc. Photo- 
graphic illustrations, many of which are portraits, 
from original photographs, are freely used to give 
value to the work. 

This superb volume in cloth for seven sub- 
scriptions, in leather for twelve, or either will be 
sent and the Veteran for one year at 25 cents 
above the publishers rrice. Address, 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, 

Nashville, Tenn. 



^oi^federat^ l/eterar;. 






Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM 
Editor. 



Price, 10 Cents, j -.r , T x T 
Tearlt, Jl. ( Vol. 1\ . 



Nashville, Tenn., January, 1896. 



No. 1. \ 



Entered at the postoffice, Nashville, Tonn., as second-class matter. 

Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or $20 a year, except 
last page. One page, one time, special, $40. Discount: Half year, one 
Usne; one year, two issues. This is an increase on the former rate. 

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is toe 
Important for anything that has not special merit. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month before it ends. 
For instance, if the Veteran be ordered to begin with January, the date on 
mail list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the Lesa 



The "civil war" was too long ago to be called thn "late" war and when 
correspondents use that term the word "great" (wan will be substituted. 



ADVERTISING IN THE VETERAN. 



The Vktkkan has, in its career of three full years, 
had a steady, solid growth. It has been the best 
general advertising medium that was ever printed, 
doubtless, with a circulation from 5,000 to 12,000. 

It has been courageous for truth regardless of 
policy, but it has not been duly diligent in exclud- 
ing unworthy advertisements. The most positive 
resolve for the new year by its management is that 
its advertising pages hereafter shall be as diligently 
considered as the editorial. Friends who are zeal- 
ous will kindly give notice when they may happen 
to know of advertisers being unreliable or unworthy. 
In this connection, appeal is again made to friends 
of the Vktkkan, in order that this improvement 
be carried out without loss, that they commend the 
Vktkkan as a worthy medium for reaching the best 
people in the entire South — the capitalist in the 
city and his equally worthy fellow citizen who labors 
with his hands in the country. When favors of this 
kind arc rendered, notice would be>appreciated. 



In this connection, business reference is made to 
subscriptions. It occasionally happens when the 
time has been extended, the smart Fellow gives 
notice through the postmaster to discontinue. If a 
faithful Confederate Veteran has ever done this, it 
is not known at this office, and it is never continued 
on assurance of ability to pay, or likewise discon- 
tinued through knowledge of inability. It is nearly 
nine times in ten that upon renewing an apology is 
made for the delay. In answer to many who feel 
obliged to discontinue for utter lack of ability, the 
rule is to offer such concession as must be satisfactory. 
Of you request is made. Please look to your 
name on the Vktkkan and see whether the date is 

182C03 



in '96 or beyond, and let us know what to expect 
about its renewal. 

The VETERAN has been published so far from pa- 
triotic motives, but its bills must be paid, and if you 
are its friend, give attention to the above request. 
Write when you can renew, and do not delay it. 



LAST WORDS OF STONEWALL JACKSON. 
( By D. S. Morrison, i 



"Let us cross over the river and rest under the 
shade of the trees." 

"Over the river. ''a voice meekly said. 
Whose clarion tones bad thousands obeyed, 
As in ranks upon ranks they grandly rushed on. 
To bailie for liberty, country and home 

• Hit the river." immortality's plains, 
In verdure eternal, where peace ever reigns. 
Rejoice witfa their beauty his vision of faith. 
As his spirit approaches the river of death. 

•'Over the river." Oh I glorious sight. 
An escort celestial awaits with delight. 
In the glittering armor Of glory arrayed, 
They welcome him over to rest in the shade. 

"Over the river," no more to command 
The drum-beat to arms in a war-stricken land; 
No bugle call summons the brave to the fray. 
Nor squadrons leap forth in battle array. 

"Over the river." now a heavenly guest. 
'Neath the shades of I he trees forever at rest- 
His memory and fame to ages belong, 

And his lofty deeds live in story snd song. 

This poem 
is a revision 
by the author 
of the origin- 
al, published 
in the Rich- 
lii o ii d E n - 
quircr in 
1865. It was 
set to music 
in New O r - 
leans, and 
sung at the 
unveiling o f 
t h e Jackson 
monument at 
Chancellors - 
ville, Va. 

Mrs. Jack- 
son's Life of 
her husband 
has all been 

sold. 




Confederate l/eterarj. 



SONGS OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

By Daniel Bond, of Nashville, Term. 

• 

•'When falls the soldier brave 

Dead at the feet of wrong 1 , 
The poet sing's — and guards his grave 

With Sentinels of Song. 

"Go Songs," — he gives command — 

Keep faithful watch and true; 
The living and dead of the Conquered Land 

Have now no guards save you.' 

'And ballads! Mark ye well. 

Thrice holy is your trust; 
Go out to the fields where warriors fell, 

And sentinel their dust.' " 

The recent Southern tour of the old man, Daniel 
Emmett, the author and composer of "Dixie," and 
his warm reception, shows how fixed in the hearts 
of its people is the simple old tune. As the seasons 
roll by, and the memories of the fierce struggle for 
four years to repel an invading- force fade out from 
the minds of the old and the recital of battles and 
sieges are interesting to the young only as matters 
of history, this tune — which inspired the Rebel yell 
at Manassas — is as fresh to-day as it was on that 
memorable Sabbath morning thirty-four years ago. 
Every Southerner feels the pulse-beat quicken and 
the heart thrill with emotion whenever and wher- 
ever he hears the air. And so will it be until the 
end of time. It is but an illustration of the powerful 
influence upon a people of a song born of sentiment. 



fl 






*m f* . 




■ 




\ 




X 











DANIEL DECATUR EMMETT. 



Fletcher of Saltoun, a wise man himself, said 
that he knew a very wise man who believed that if 
a man were permitted to make all the ballads he 
need not care who should make the laws of a country. 



The songs of the Hebrews, breathing adoration 
to the great Jehovah, the God of Israel; the Iliad 
of Homer, with its struggle of Greek and Trojan, 
are monuments that inspired generations to deeds of 
devotion and arms far more effective than all the 
texts of the law givers. The Song of the Niebel- 
ungen — with its legend of Siegfried of Chrimhild, 
and Brunhield — is responsible for much of the liter- 
ature as well as the martial spirit of the German. 
Who will den}- that the ballads concerning King 
Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, those 
heroes of the ancient romances — lion-hearted in 
combat with worthy foes, mild and gentle towards 
woman — had its effect upon that great race, made 
up of Dane, of Saxon and of Norman, and their 
descendants, the brave and tender cavaliers who set- 
tled this South land. 

The Robin Hood ballads, commemorative of that 
bold man's deeds, and his struggle against the 
domineering aristocracy of the Normans, kept the 
spirit of liberty alive in the land, carrying its sen- 
timent through centuries, influencing the heart of 
the nation, and finding fruition at Runnymede and 
Naseby — the heritage of the English speaking race. 
Yes, indeed, song and ballad have had their share 
in the history of all peoples. Dear were they to the 
followers of Cromwell in the struggle with Charles. 
The ecstacy with which the "Scots who hae wi* 
Wallace bled" is received by the Scotchman of to- 
day; the wild enthusiasm of the Frenchman under 
the strains of the Marseillaise — sometimes, during 
exciting periods, aroused to such a pitch as to 
cause an interdiction of its music by the legal au- 
thorities — prove that sentiment and not reason rules. 
While the Irishman steps off gaily in his march 
to the "Wearing of the Green," let a rival band strike 
up the "Battle of the Boyne," and a fight is on at 
once. Whenever the Englishman hears "God Save 
the Queen," he raises his hat, and the German will 
ever add his voice to the song of the "Watch on 
the Rhine." The heart and not the mind governs. 
The tune "Dixie," endeared to us first by victory 
and afterwards doubly so by defeat, was originally 
a negro-minstrel song, with words of little mean- 
ing. It was Albert Pike, I think, who first gave 
the present version with the refrain "To live and 
die for Dixie!" The word "Dixie" now is every- 
where accepted as meaning that part of the United 
States consisting of certain states that seceded from 
the union in 1861. 

There is no ballad or tune, 1 believe, that so warms 
the hearts of the people of the Northern States as 
this tune of "Dixie" does those of the people of 
Dixie. 

"Yankee Doodle" belongs to the whole country, 
and is commemorative of another period and anoth- 
er war, in which George Washington, Light-Horse 
Harry Lee and other'Southern worthies acted a part. 
Mrs. Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" is too 
elaborate. In the true ballad nothing of mere 
poetical adornment is allowable. This hymn, 
though beautiful, can never be popular with the 
m sses. 

Possibly the grave and stern soil of eastern Puri- 
tanism is not so suitable to the growth of such sen- 
timental songs as sprung up in the more excitable 



Confederate Veterap, 



South. "John Brown's Body" and "Marching 
Through Georgia" had a temporary popularity 
there during the exciting period of the war,, like the 
"Bonnie Blue Fla^" at the South; but I think they 
have no song that inspires the same feeling that 
"Dixie" produces in Dixie. 

Harrj- McCarthy, an actor of some ability, com- 
prised and sang ibis "Bonnie Blue Flag" in the 
theatres of the Southern cities during the first year 
of the war. He waved, during the chorus, a blue 
silk flag that bore a single star in its centre: and at 
the words "The single Star of the Bonnie Blue Flag 
has grown to be eleven." he shook out the folds, 
and the flag opened, disclosing the single star sur- 
rounded by ten sisters. The song was very popular. 

James R. Randall's "Maryland My Maryland," 
to the college tune of "Lauriger Horatius," was 
also much sung in the armies of the Confederacy as 
well as by the firesides at home. It was first pub- 
lished in a New Orleans paper in April, 1861. It 
possessed literary merit and is one of the best of the 
poems of the war. 

Possibly the most popular of the camp songs were 
the negro melodies smacking of Southern soil, such 
as "Uncle Ned." "Way Down South." "Old Folks 
at Home," "My Old Kentucky Home," "Oh Su- 
sannah," "Nellie wasa Lady," all written by Stephen 
C. Foster, a native of Pennsylvania, but evidently 
thoronghly acquainted with Southern sentiment. 
There is a tone ol sadness about them all, as with 
"Suwanee River," "Alice, Ben Bolt," "Lorena," 
and "Listen to the Mocking Bird!" 

No other soul; in its pathos is so sweet or ap- 
peals so tenderly to the Southern heart as this last. 
"Annie Laurie," "Douglas," and "Home, Sweet 
Home" belong to the whole world, but this soul; of 
the mocking-bird appeals alone to Uixie's lard. 
Already popular at the commencement of the Civil 
War, this sa<?, sweet song was heard in every South- 
ern home. Carried into the army by the soldiers, 
its echoes thrilled the souls of thousands of young 
patriots in the camp and on the march, during lour 
years of terrible war. Oh I matchless songster oi 
the orchard and the Farm-yard, no other bird ap- 
proaches you in delicious harmony! The music ol 
the nightingale, the lark, and the mavis is all yours. 
The twittering of the canary is all unworthy of 
your imitation. And your home is Dixie, and there 
alone do you abide. Associated with all recollec- 
tions of the old South, bringing to the heart 

dear memories ol childhood and vouth, of sweet 

communion of lovers neath the leafy bowers as the 
old, old story is repeated — of dreamy moonlight 
walks, of tender partings, of the dear old gray- 
haired mother, sitting on the wide balcony, while 
this heaven-inspired singer was vocalizing the sum- 
mer air long will you be dear to every one who 
loves the Sunny South, and fixed in his affection 
will be this favorite air. 

How sad it is that this sweet and gentle bird 
our companion at every period of life the loving 
witness of every joy, every sorrow — who has whistled 
at the laughing baby in the cradle, and poured 
forth its melody as the ^rand-sire was borne to his 
resting- place under the magnolias — should be des- 
tined to extermination! 

1S2C 



Oh! men of the New South, with your business 
enterprise and your mad efforts at financial success, 
let into your hearts a little sentiment, and help save 
the life of the mocking-bird! 

Of the poems born of the war, the following are 
examples: "Ethnogenesis," "Charleston," "A Call to 
Arms," "Spring," and "The Unknown Dead" by 
Henry Timrod: "Our Martyrs." "Stonewall Jack- 
son." "A Sonnet on the fallen South," and the 
prize "Poem in Laudation of the Confederate Sol- 
dier" by Paul H. Hayue: "Lines," written for 
the Memorial Association of Fredericksburg, Ya., 
"Prayer of the South," "The Conquered Banner," 
"Sentinel Songs," "The Land of Memories," "Our 
Dead," and "'file Sword of Robert Lee," by Rev. 
Abram J. Ryan. The following is the closing verse 
of Sentinel Songs: 

"YVii.it though no sculptured shaft 

Commemorate our bravi 
What, though no monument epitaphed 

i te built 11 hove their grave? 
When marble wears away 

Ami monuments are dust. 
The songs that guard our soldiers' elav 

Will still fulfill their trust." 




All are Familiar with the words of "The Con" 
quered Banner," and there is nothing more sublime 
in the English language than this verse trom "The 
Sword of Robert Lee." 



03 



"Out of its scabbard! Never hand 
Waved sword from stain as free. 

Nor purer sword led braver band. 

Nor braver bled for a brighter land. 



Confederate l/eterap. 



Nor brighter land had a cause as grand, 
Nor cause, a chief like Lee!" 

J no. R. Thompson gave us "Lee to the Rear," 
"The Battle Rainbow," "The Burial of Latane," 
"Gen. J. E. B. Stuart," and "Music in Camp." 
Mr. Thompson was editor of the old "Southern 
Literary Messenger" at Richmond, Va. He was a 
man of a most charming personality. After the 
war he moved to New York, and there became a 
contributor to various periodicals. He died a few 
years after his removal. 

John Esten Cooke, better known by his delight- 
ful books than his poems, has written "The Band 
in the Pines," and "The Broken Mug." 

"The Band in the Pines. 

(Heard after Pelkam died.) 

Oh, band in the pine-wood, cease! 

Cease with 3'our splendid call; 
The living' are brave and noble, 

But the dead were bravest of all. 

They throng to the martial summons, 

To the loud, triumphant strain; 
And the dear, bright eyes of long dead friends 

Come to the heart again. 

They come with the ringing bugle, 

And the deep drum's mellow roar; 
'Till the soul is faint with longing 

For the hand we clasp no more. 

Oh, band in the pine-wood cease! 

Or the heart will melt in tears, 
For the gallant eyes and the smiling lips 

And the voices of old years. 

The following poems are by Jas. R. Randall, 
"John Pelham," "The Cameo Bracelet," "The Lone 
Sentry," and "There's Life in the Old Land Yet;" 
these by A. J. Requier, "Our Faith in Sixty-One," 
"Hymn to the Dawn," "The Oriflamme" and 
"Ashes of Glory." 

Mrs. Margaret J. Preston wrote "All's Well," 
"The Soldier's Prayer," "Virginia," "Song of the 
Snow," "A Hero's Daughter," "The Color Bear- 
er," "Slain in Battle," "A Dirge for Ashby," 
"When the War is Over." 

While in prison in Camp Chase, Ohio, Col. W. S. 
Hawkins, of Tennessee, wrote the following beauti- 
ful poems: "The Victory of Faith," "Captain 
Beall," "The Last of Earth," "The Hero Without 
a Name," "My Friend," "True to the Last," and 
"Exchanged." He was exchanged near the close 
of the war but to reach home and die. 

The poem "Somebody's Darling," written during 
the war by Miss Marie Lacoste, of Savannah, Ga., has 
found a place in one of the school readers. 

L. T. Wallis, of Baltimore, confined in Fort 
Warren for "treasonable utterances," wrote "The 
Guerillas," "The Blessed Hand" and "A Prayer 
for Peace." 

Mrs. C. A. War field, of Ky. : "Fort Donelson," 
"On the Death of Stonewall Jackson," and "Our 
Failure." 

Major McKnight (Asa Hartz) of Gen. Loring's 

aff, while a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island, 
gained some reputation by his "In Prison on Lake 
Erie," "Mail-day in Prison," and "A Confederate 
Officer to his Ladye Love." 

The following poems of a high order of merit are 
by Dr. Frank 6. Ticknor, of Georgia: "The Vir- 



ginians of the Valley," "Page-Brook," "Mary," and 
"Little Giffen of Tennessee." 

Harry L. Flash wrote the memorial poems, "Jack- 
son," "Zollicoffer," and "Polk." 

Miss Mollie E. Moore is the author of "Of very 
Faithfulness," and "Minding the Gap." 

The "Lines found written on the back of a Con- 
federate Bill," beginning, 

"Representing nothing on God's earth now 

And naught in the water below it, 
As a pledge of a Nation that's dead and gone, 

Keep it, dear friend, and show it." 

were written by Major S. A. Jonas, of Louisiana, 
Chief Engineer of Gen. S. D. Lee's staff. 

Mrs. Fanny M. Downing, of North Carolina, wrote 
"By the Camp Fire," "Confederate Gray," "Deso- 
late," "Dreaming," "Dixie;" while Mrs. Mary Ba- 
yard Clarke, of the same state, gave us: "General 
Lee at the Battle of the Wilderness," (descriptive 
of the same event also so graphically written of by 
Thompson in his "Lee to the Rear,") "The Rebel 
Sock," and "Robert E. Lee." 

The poem, "My Father," much sung in Southern 
homes during the war, was written by Brigadier- 
General Henry R. Jackson, of Georgia. The first 
verse: 

"The tattoo beats — the lights are gone. 
The camp around in slumber lies, 

The night with solemn pace moves on, 
The shadows thicken o'er the skies; 

But sleep my weary eyes hath flown, 
And sad, uneasy thoughts arise." 

"First Love" is by Col. Buchring H. Jones, and 
was written by him while at Johnson's Island: "The 
Empty Sleeve" is from the pen of Dr. J. R. Bagby 
of Virginia, and "The Soldier in the Rain," by 
Julia L. Keyes. Dr. J. W. Palmer, of Maryland, 
was the author of "Stonewall Jackson's Way." 

William Gilmore Simms, of South Carolina, an 
author once very popular, gave us among other 
poems, "The Sweet South." 

"Yes, Call us Rebels," was written by Albert Pike 
of Arkansas. 

I do not know the authorship of the following 
beautiful poems, so full of pathos and tender senti- 
ment. Will not the readers of the Veteran assist 
in naming these sweet singers of the South? The 
lines "Enlisted To-day," were said to have been 
found on the body of a young soldier belonging to 
one of the Alabama regiments in the army of North- 
ern Virginia. The first verse, 

"I know the sun shines, and the lilacs are blowing, 
And slimmer sends kisses by beautiful May — 

Oh! to see all the treasures the spring is bestowing, 
And think — my boy Willie enlisted to-day!" 

"The names of the authors of "A Picture," "The 
Return," "The Brave at Home," "Your Mission," 
"Missing," and the "Unreturning," are all desired. 
"The Bivouac of the Dead," was written by Col. 
Theodore O'Hara, of Kentucky, a gallant soldier, 
who served on the staff of Gen. Breckenridge. The 
lines were written by him before the Civil War, and 
were in memory of the Kentuckians who fell at 
Buena Vista. Col. O'Hara died a few years after 
the close of the war, but not before he had seen 
lines from his poem engraved on hundreds of mon- 
uments. In every United States cemetery 'in the 



Qoqfederate l/eterar;. 



country are to be found tablets with verses from this 
noble poem. 

The above poems have been gathered byme, some 
from scrap-books, some from Miss Emily Mason's 
"Poems of the War," and many have been given 
me by the writers themselves. The material is 
abundant, but I have mentioned those only that 
possess a hiyh order of merit. Heavy calamities 
and crushing sorrow wring from bruised hearts 
words that live. The trampled Bower gives forth its 
sweetest odor, the swan sings its divine notes only 
when dying. Much of this Southern poetry will yet 
find a place in the hearts of its people. The trials 
and the suffering endured and the heroism display- 
ed by a people during four years of bloody war are 
more faithfully portrayed in these verses than in 
any history. It is only in poetry and song- that the 
emotional nature declares itself without reserve. 

Why our Southern school readers are not full of 
these beautiful poems is something hard to under- 
stand. That Head's "Sheridan's Ride," and Whit- 
tier's "Barbara Freitchie," (the scene described by 
the first having but little foundation, and the latter 
none at all) should be read in preference to Thomp- 
sons "Music in Camp," and Miss Moore's "Minding 
the Gap," is a reflection upon our public schools. 

Has the old time sentiment of the South departed 
from its people. ? Has the old time patriotism and 
love of truth that characterized the old South given 
place to business expediency in the New? One 
would surely think so from the carelessness, not to 

say indifference, with which it accepts the school 

histories tilled with misleading and false statements 
concerning the civil war. 

Why should not a true history of that war be 
written thirty years after its ending?) • 

Why should the South be charged at this day 
with going to war in defense of slavery? This in- 
stitution was a mere incident of a sectional animos- 
ity. Measures for the gradual emancipation of the 
slaves were being considered in the South before 
the war began. Gen. Lee suggested the freeing of 
them and the enrollment of the men as soldiers. 
The character of the two peoples of the North and 
the South, the habits and customs, the adverse in- 
terests, the belief that the legislative power would 
be used by the North to foster that section at the 
expense of the South, produced a desire to leave a 
union which was no longer considered desirable. 

The Southern people believed they had both a 
moral and a constitutional right to withdraw from 
a union into which they had voluntarily gone. In 
defense of this abstract principle of right they free- 
ly gave their lives and fortunes, and for four years 
resisted the overwhelming forces of the North. 

Who shall say they were wrong? 

Mr. Webster said our forefathers of a hundred 
and twenty vears ago "went to war against a 
preamble." The South withdrew from the Union 
for a sentiment. Our ancestors rebelled against 
the king of Great Britain, We rebelled against 
nobody we had 110 masters. We attempted but 
to dissolve a union which we ourselves had 
helped to form. The agreement made among the 
States to concede certain rights to the general gov- 
ernment — to reserve forever other rights to them- 



selves — being broken by encroachment on those re- 
served rights, why should not the States withdraw? 

Why should we teach our children that we were 
wrong, when we know we were right? 

Grant, if you will, that such action on the part of 
the South was unwise and ill-advised, and must, have 
inevitably resulted in its destruction. The charac- 
ter id' the Southerner was not such as could calmly 
consider the expediency of coercing his quick-tem- 
pered cavalier brother of South Carolina. 

By all means should the true story of the mighty 
conflict be written. There is nothing so good as 
truth. The heroic struggle of the South, and the 
Southern veteran will be a theme of inspiration to 
the youth of future generations; and shall we of the 
present for one moment, in our upbuilding of the 
New South, forget the glorious memories of the Old? 
"Gather the sacred dust 

(If the warriors tried and true. 
Who bore the flag of our nation's trust, 
And fell in a cause, though lost, still just, 

And died for me and vou. 



And tin' dead tints meet the dead. 

While the Living o'er them weep; 
And tlie men whom Lee and Stonewall led. 
And the hearts that once together hied. 
Together still shall sleep." 



"Oh, the sweet South! the sunny, sunny South! 

I. and of true feeling, land forever mine! 
I drink the kisses of her rosy mouth. 

And my heart swills as with a draught of wine: 
She brings me blessings of maternal love: 

I have Iter smile, which hallows all my toil; 
Her voice persuades. Iter generous smiles approve. 

She sings me from tile sky and from the soil. 
iih! by her lovely pines that wave and sigh, 

Oh! by her myriad flowers, that bloom and fade, 
By all the thousand beauties of her sky. 

And the sweet solace of her forest shade, 

She's mine sin's ever mine! 



(Hi! by her virtues of the cherished past 

By all her hopes of what the future brings — 

I glory that my lot with her is east. 

And my soul flushes and exulting sings: 
She's mine she's ever mine!" 

This article on Southern Songs will be continued in 
the February number of the Veteran under the 
heading Southern Sentiment. 



Send the names at once. — Request comes from 
Farmington, Tenn., worthy of attention: 

In October '63, during Gen, Joseph Wheeler's 
raid in Tennessee, a part of his command engaged 
the enemy at Farmington, Marshall County, at 
which time he lost several men who were buried on 
the field of battle. Their names are unknown, but 
their graves are well cared for, being enclosed by 
a stone wall, and a nice monument lias been erected. 
These graves are decorated annually by the noble 
women of our county. 

We are anxious to get the nanus of those who 
were killed, with their Company and Regiment, so 
that we can have them engraved on marble slabs. 
Will comrades or others who know send this infor- 
mation? Address, with particulars, B. F. Chapman, 
Farmington, Tenn. 



QD^federate l/eterap. 



CAPT. JOHN MITCHEL AT FORT SUMTER. 

Miss Claudine Rhett, of Charleston, paid tribute 
to the memory of Capt. John C. Mitchel some time 
ago, which paper was promptly forwarded to the 
Veteran by Miss Martha B. Washington, Corre- 
sponding Secretary of the Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy in Charleston. Capt. Mitchel was of the 
First South Carolina Artillery, and lost his life 
while in command of Fort Sumter. 




SCENE ON THE DOCK AT CHARLESTON, 1863. 

Capt. John Mitchel was a native of Ireland, and 
came to America under peculiar circumstances. His 
father was a leader of the home rule party in his 
own country, and was tried for high treason against 
the Crown, along with Smith O'Brian and General 
Meagher. Their estates were confiscated, and all 
were sent to Australia. John Mitchel, Jr., although 
a mere lad when his father was brought to trial, 
manfully stood by his side in the dock, and even 
accompanied him to the prison in Australia, to 
prove to him that a faithful heart was willing to 
share evil, as well as good, fortune with an honored 
parent. 

After his arrival in the United States, young 
Mitchel received his education at Columbia College, 
New York, and from that school of engineering 
went to Tennessee, where he was engaged in laying 
out a railroad when a call to arms resounded through 
our land. In obedience to this martial summons, 
the young engineer at once engaged in the military 
service of the South, embracing the cause of consti- 
tutional liberty with ardent enthusiasm. In the ag- 
gressions of the North upon the rights of the South- 
ern States, he saw reflected the same unjust desire 
of domination evinced by England towards Ireland, 
which had been so often resisted in his native land; 
and, with the generous zeal of an earnest nature, he 
gave to the country of his adoption the full support 
of an intrepid spirit and a warm heart, not stopping 
+ o count the possible cost to himself. 

Appointed a Lieutenant in the Battalion of Ar- 
tillery stationed at Fort Sumter in the winter of 
1861, John Mitchel entered upon the discharge of 
those duties which were to end onl}' with the close 
of his life, three years later. 

Major Anderson, having retired to Fort Sumter 
twith the United States troops, it became incumbent 



upon the Confederate forces to drive him thence and 
to get possession of that post, the key of Charles- 
ton Harbor. In accordance with this intention, 
by order of Gen. Beauregard, the Commander-in- 
Chief of this military district, at about 3 o'clock on 
the morning of April 12, '61, a bombshell was fired 
from Fort Johnson as a signal to the other forts and 
batteries around the harbor to begin the attack. No 
sooner had the roaring meteor sped across the bay, 
than an answering light was run up to the head of 
the flagstaff at Fort Moultrie, and behold! the fight- 
ing for Charleston, which was to continue until 
Feb. 19, '65, had begun. 

The following day, April 13, about 8 o'clock, in 
the thickest of the bombardment, a thin smoke was 
observable curling up from Fort Sumter. It grew 
denser and denser as it steadily rose in the air, and 
it soon became apparent that the wooden barracks 
within that Fort had been set on fire "by a red hot 
shot, thrown from an 8 inch Columbiad gun at Fort 
Moultrie by a detachment of Company B," (Mitchel's 
company, reports Gen. Beauregard). This confla- 
gration occasioned Major Anderson's surrender, as 
it endangered his powder magazine. 

As soon as the Fort fell into our possession, this 
same Company B was sent over to Sumter, and 
Mitchel, therefore, formed one of the first Confed- 
erate garrisons of that post. 

At the capture of the Union gunboat, "Isaac 
Smith," he commanded a battalion of infantry, and 
for this brilliant affair, Col. Yates, who commanded 
the entire expedition, received the thanks of the 
Confederate Congress, for himself and for his gal- 
lant comrades. 

On the ever memorable 7th of April, 1863, when 
the ironclad fleet of monitors advanced to the at- 
tack of Fort Sumter, Capt. Mitchel's company not 
being directly engaged, he volunteered his services 
in the defense of this important post. It is hardly 
necessary to state that the "Keokuk," one of the 
best monitors, was sunk by the guns of Fort Sum- 
ter, and that the others were triumphantly repulsed 
by the Confederates. J j 

Four months later, Aug. 10, on a terribly hot 
morning, the Union forces opened fire upon Morris 
Island, the out-post of Sumter. This attack lasted 
three hours, and was made with more than four 
times the number of guns and troops we had; fifty- 
five cannon, of the heaviest caliber, poured shot 
and shell upon our small force, (the monitors as- 
sisting with their cross-fire in enfilading the posi- 
tion of the Confederate batteries). Our soldiers 
fought as long as their posts could be held, Capt. 
Mitchel commanding the artillery. In killed, 
wounded and captured, we lost in this action 294 
men. Among the mortally wounded was that fine 
young officer, Lieut. John Bee, also Capt. Chas. 
Haskell, who was as handsome and accomplished 
an artillerist as the State could ever hope to pro- 
duce. His last words to a comrade were, "Tell my 
mother that I died for her and for my country." 

The Confederate forces, having been obliged by 
superior numbers to retreat to Battery Wagner, 
were not allowed much rest, for that very night the 
Union troops made their first assault upon this im- 
portant position. Capt. Mitchel on this occasion 



(^otyj-ederate l/eterap. 






commanded the Confederate Artillery, and, as was 
always the case, the guns in charge of the First 
Regular South Carolina Artillery were remarkably 
well handled by those extraordinarily skillful gun- 
ners. 

Some of the Union soldiers actually g-ot within 
Battery Wagner during this attack, but the assault 
failed and their forces were repulsed, they having 
lost 330 men by death, wounds and capture. 

After this, Capt. Mitchel was assigned to the 
command of the Confederate Batteries at Shell 
Point on James Island, whence he kept up a sus- 
tained fire until February, 1864 

When Col. Stephen Elliott was promoted and 
sent to the field in Virginia, Capt. Mitchel was se- 
lected by those in authority to succeed him in the 
command of Fort Sumter- the most important mil- 
itary post in the Harbor of Charleston May 4, 1864. 
Here, by his untiring energy, administrative ability 
and vigilance, Mitchel proved himself worthy of the 
confidence of his superior officers, and of this high 
honor. 

Major John Johnson, the resident engineer officer 
stationed at that post, thus writes: "Capt. Mitchel 
was unremitting in the discharge of all his arduous 
duties. Allowing- himself but little rest in the day- 
time, he was particularly alert to guard against as- 
sault by night; and the constant watchfulness of 
this spirited young officer became imparted to his 
whole garrison." 

During the morning of July 20, 1864, the sentinel 
on the parapet of Fort Sumter requested permis- 
sion to withdraw into the shelter of the bombproof 
sentry box, on account of the extraordinary severity 
of the firing- by the enemy from Morris Island. At 
first. Capt. Mitchel refused to permit him' to leave 
his post of observation, deeming a seeking of safety 
whilst on duty a bad precedent to establish; but 
when the soldier sent him a second message, he as- 
cended the ramparts to ascertain for himself if the 
man should indeed be withdrawn. 

Mitchel had been there but a short time when a 
mortar shell of the largest kind was thrown from a 
Union battery, and came on its awful mission of 
destruction, roaring- and hurtling through the clear 
summer sky, towards Fort Sumter and its doomed 
Commander, who could, however, have found securi- 
ty from this terrific projectile by simply stepping 
within the adjacent sentry box. But, with a high 
sense of honor, Capt Mitchel considered it his duty 
to stand his ground upon the ramparts, having 
Obliged the sentinel to remain for a time exposed to 
similar danger, and, with his elbow resting on 
the parapet, and his field glass raised to his eyes, 
which were fixed upon the fleet, he ncer moved 
from his original position. None, save those who 
have heard the appalling sound made by a bomb- 
shell, can fully appreciate the cool courage shown 
by the young officer in thus disregarding that voice 
of woe. Bursting overhead, a large fragment of 
this shell struck Capt. Mitchel to the ground, and 
he wasborneto the hospital below mortally wounded. 
He lingered in great agony nearly four hours, and 
expired about five o'clock of a bright summer's 
afternoon, having died, as he had lived, a true sol- 
dier, repressing every outward manifestation of suf- 



fering, solicitous that he might teach his garrison 
by his example how a brave man should meet death. 
Once, when the pain overcame him and he groaned 
aloud, checking himself, he looked up, attempted to 
rise, and gave command that the men should not be 
allowed to pass and repass the hospital as they 
were then doing-, lest they should overhear some 
other expression of suffering. Later on, upon being 
asked by Major Johnson what could be done for 
him. he replied. "Nothing, except to pray forme." 
All in Charleston were greatly pained when the 
fall of the gallant Commander of Fort Sumter was 
announced. His remains were brought to the city 
that night, and lay in St. Paul's Church under 
guard of the Cadets until the following after- 
noon, when the burial service was read by the late 
Bishop Howe. A large concourse of friends gath- 
ered there, mingling with the military and naval 
officers, who were anxious to do honor to their de- 
parted comrade. 

Quiet and still in death lay the soldier, "life's 
fitful fever o'er," the star-crossed Fort Sumter flag 
his pall, upon which rested his sword, a wreath of 
laurel and some white roses. 

When the solemn burial service was concluded, 
the fine brass band of his old regiment, the First 
Artillery, played a plaintive dead march, and, es- 
corted by the Cadets, bearing their arms reversed, 
Gen. Jones and Staff, Gen. Ripley and Staff, and 
many other officers, dressed in full uniform, the 
cortege wended its way to Magnolia Cemetery, 
where he had desired to lie laid. 

A peculiar gloom was added to this sad scene by 
the approach of a heavy thunder storm. The sky 
had a dark and lowering appearance; fitful yusts of 
wind swept through the church; brilliant flashes of 
lightning gleamed incessantly, whilst loud report? 
of heaven's artillery reverberated from on high and 
mingled their awe-inspiring fury with the organ 
tones and the wailing cade nces of the dead march. 
Some years later his comrades of the first Artil- 
lery placed a granite column over the grave of their 
brother-in-arms, at the suggestion of Lieut. Henry 
Frost; but. as long as the waves beat against the 
ruins of Fort Sumter, that war-worn fortress will 
be John Mitchel's best and most enduring monument. 



Col. Samuel McFarland, of the Nineteenth Iowa 
Regiment, was killed in the battle of Prairie Grove, 
Arkansas. His sword was found by Captain J. 
H. McClinton, of the Thirty-fourth Arkansas In- 
fantry, and was presented recently to members of 
that regiment. At a reunion they returned formal 
thanks to Captain McClinton. and gave the sword 
to a son of the former owner, an editor at Marshall- 
town, Iowa. 



In answer to inquiry in Veteran for July, Com- 
rade T. F. Moriarty, of Natchez, Miss., names Dr. 
Wm. Maguin as author of poem, "The Soldier 
Boy," and makes reference to Ford's National Li- 
brary, Ballad Poetry of Ireland, Vol. 1, No. 3, p. 161. 

At the regular meeting of Camp Isham Harrison, 
No. 27, U. C. V., Columbus, Miss., on November 
7th, Dr. A. C. Halbert was elected Commander and 
Thomas Harrison, Adjutant. 



Confederate l/eterai). 



LETTER TO "CHARMING NELLIE." 



J. B. Polley, Floresville, Tex., sends another treat 
in excerpts from another yellow-stained letter to the 
same lady referred to on page 362 December Vetek an : 
Bull's Gap, Tenn., March 25, 1863. 

Charming Nellie: — By a masterly stratagem, a 
ragged private secured a seat at a table on which 
was spread a bountiful dinner, prepared especially 
for a pompous Confederate General. The officer 
made no objection, but wishing to be sure that the 
soldier knew what distinguished company was pres- 
ent, very condescend ingly asked: "Do you know, 
Sir, with whom you are dining?" "Indeed I do not," 
answered the soldier, "I used to be particular about 
such matters, but now, so the dinner is good and 
abundant, I don't care a who eats with me." 

You would have complimented me on my resem- 
blance to that private had you seen me hobnobbing 
with General Jenkins last Christmas Eve. There 
was a symposium at his quarters, "a feast of reason 
and flow of soul," under the exhilarating influence of 
unlimited quantities of apple jack, and the Colonel 
and Inspector-General of the Division invited me 
and others of his old company to attend. After the 
third drink, a Brigadier-General sank in my estima- 
tion to the level of a private, and I sought and ob- 
tained an introduction to my host. He treated me 
with distinguished consideration, talked with me 
until I got sober enough to be ashamed of much that 
I had said, and invited me to call again. I alluded 
to a former interview with him concerning a hog 
that met death and destruction by my hands at Chat- 
tanooga, but he waived all further discussion of the 
subject, saying kindly: "That was official inter- 
course, Sir; this is purely social." 



Three weeks ago, while we were at New Market, 
twenty-five men under command of Lieut. Crigler, 
were sent over to the French Broad to capture some 
Federals who were depredating on our side of the 
river. Ed. Crockett and Pengra were sent ahead as 
scouts with instructions not to show themselves or 
make an attack, the rest of us following leisurely. 
Arrived within a quarter of a mile of the river and 
hearing nothing from the scouts, we deployed into 
a skirmish line with its center on a road that led to 
the ferry the Federals were in the habit of using, 
and advanced slowly and cautiously. 

To the right of the road, on a hill and about a 
hundred yards from the water's edge, stood a large, 
roomy house, surrounded by a plank fence. My po- 
sition in the line was such that, going straight for- 
ward and keeping the proper intervals between me 
and comrades on right and left, I marched toward 
the back door of this house. I was within fifty feet 
of the fence and was deliberating whether to g-o 
around or through the mansion, when the sound of 
two rifle shots at the river broke upon my ears. A 
moment afterwards a volley was fired from the op- 
posite bank — several of the balls striking the house 
— a woman screamed, and I rushed forward. I had 
not gone ten feet when a very handsome girl, prob- 
ably eighteen years old, sprang out of the open 



door, ran to the fence and climbed it without regard 
to ankles and other unmentionables, rushed down 
the hill toward me. Frightened out of her wits, 
she ran squarely into my arms, which of course were 
in proper position to hospitably receive such a love- 
ly bundle of womanhood. In fact, they had been 
extended as instinctively and involuntarily as they 
closed when she came within their circle and — as 
confidingly as I hope she will some day — throw her 
own around my neck. 

"Save me! — save me!" she exclaimed in terror- 
stricken accents, and not a bit unwilling to be a 
savior of such a beautiful creature, but honestly 
glad of the opportunity so unexpectedly afforded me 
of acting in that capacity, I bent every energy to the 
delightful task, and drawing her closer to me, as- 
sured her of absolute safety as long as she stayed 
right there. She evidently believed me and seemed 
to find as great comfort in doing the clinging as I 
in being stay and support, and we stood there in the 
attitude of lovers just met after years of separation, 
until the enemy was driven to shelter beyond gunshot. 
The one drawback to supreme felicity was my 
gun. Too wary a soldier to drop it — much as 1 de- 
sired to do so in order to have both hands free — I 
clung to it and the girl to the last, but held the piece 
of ordnance in such a position I imagine that it would 
have puzzled a man to decide which was holding it. 
One time in my life the enemy's retreat was too 
precipitate — one time in my career as a soldier I 
prayed that the fight should continue; for as long as it 
lasted the captive was content to find shelter in my 
fervent arms, but when it ceased, blushingly and with- 
out the least aid from me, she released herself and left 
me only the cold, inanimate gun to hold. 

She was no bashful country girl. The moment 
we got far enough apart to obtain a fair view of each 
other, she said: "Please excuse me, Sir — I was so 
frightened by the guns and balls that I didn't know 
what I was doing, and I fear have given you a great 
deal of trouble." 

"Not a bit, not a bit," I hastened to reply. "It 
was a delight that I would suffer much to enjoy 
again," and noticing that she found it difficult to 
stand on the uneven hillside, I pretended great solici- 
tude, and asking: "Are you sure you no longer need 
support?" stepped toward her with extended arms. 
She blushed like a rose, but by a graceful motion 
of a little hand waived further assistance, and then 
glancing roguishly at me, said : ' 'Thank you, I do not 
need to trespass again on your endurance and gallan- 
try. Will you not go to the house and let me intro- 
duce you to my sisters and mother, and tell them how 
kind you have been? Sister Mary looked out of the 
door while you had your — I mean while we were 
standing so close together." 

I had not seen- Sister Mary at all, for the maid 
with whom I had been so pleasantly engaged came 
at me with such force that her momentum swung me 
around with my back to the house. But I was still 
game and said — quite impudently, I reckon you will 
think — "You must introduce me as your lover then, 
for that I am now and forever. You are the cap- 
tive of my arms, and I will not consent to waive a 
single right or privilege." 

My fair captive was good pluck too. Her black 



Qogfederate Ueterai>. 






eyes flashed with mischief as she said: "Let us go 
to the house— and we can discuss your rights there." 

As we walked slowly up the hill, she turned to the 
right, as if to go around the yard fence, and when 
I demurred and suggested climbing it, shook her 
head in protest and remarked: "No, indeed — fright- 
ened as I was a moment ago, I got over it with more 
speed than gracefulness, I fancy; but now the dan 
ger is past, I fear to attempt it again."' 

By the time we entered the house — it took us 
fully twenty minutes to walk the twenty yards — we 
knew each other's name and I was introduced to her 
mother and sisters, nice attractive and intelligent 
ladies, wife and daughters of a Baptist minister by 
the name of . Sister Mary smiled signifi- 
cantly as I took her hand and the erstwhile tenant 
of my arms showed her colors most charmingly. * * 

Much against inclination, I said good-bye; not, 
however, without giving the late occupant a panto- 
mimic invitation to return to my arms, at which 
Sister Mary laughed merrily. My comrades, who 
had been too intent on war, anxious to learn of my 
good fortune, looked puzzled, and my charmer, 
blushed, smiled invitingly and gave me her hand. 

Remember, please, that I relate this incident for 

your entertainment alone — not to be told to . 

She might discover treachery and disloyalty in it, 
when, really and truly, it is the first and only ad- 
venture I have had since this cruel war began, in 
which lovely woman had a part. 

EORGIA is doing nicely in 
the cause of the Veteran. 
The following article is 
copied from the "Nashville 
American." It has not been 
the custom to reproduce any 
thing 90 complimentary to 
the Editor, but there is a 
business motive in doing it. 
It is proper for him to attend reunions, to mingle 
with comrades as often as practicable, and he often 
goes at sacrifice of time and comfort. On such oc- 
casions he is ever greeted by leaders, but rarely pre- 
sented, and afterwards comrades write to express 
regret at failure to see him. Since his work is so 
prominent and so universally approved, his presence 
at reunions ought to be made known so that comrades 
might at least attend to business that could not be 
so easily- transacted by mail. It requires unceasing 
diligence to maintain the Veteran. 
Here is the article: 

A letter to "The American" from a "A Georgia 
Vet." at Atlanta, Ge., gives an interesting account 
of the visit of S. A. Cunningham, editor of the CON- 
FEDERATE Veteran, to the Confederate Veteran 
Camp in that city. Gen. Evans was presiding, and 
he made a felicitious speech in welcoming Mr. Cun- 
ningham. He spoke of the great work of the Con- 
federate Veteran in the most praiseworthy man- 
ner. The introduction of Mr. Cunningham was re- 
ceived standing, with applause. Mr. Cunningham 
responded with feeling and earnestness, saying that 



I 






his work on the Confederate Veteran was a labor 
of love, and that he was trying to make it worthy 
of the brave people and the memory which it repre- 
sented. For three years the Veteran had been go- 
ing into Southern homes, and he spared no pains to 
make it an acceptable visitor. He felt that he 
could honestly receive the praises which had been 
given to his Confederate Monthly, for he knew the 
pure motives of the undertaking, as well as the labor 
which had been bestowed to make it successful. 
Gen. Evans sends out this order to Georgians: 
Headquarters Georgia Division, U.C.V., / 
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 20, 1895. \ 
General Order No. 1 1 . * * * 

3. — The CONFEDERATE Veteran, published at 
Nashville, Tenn., at the low price of $1.00 per an- 
num, is such a worthy and valuable medium of com- 
munication among Confederates and Confederate 
Camps, that it is hereby selected as the official organ 
of this Division, and the Commanding General would 
be pleased to have it taken and read by the members 
of all Camps in this State. Clement A. Evans, 

A. J. West, Maj.-Gen. Commanding. 

Adjutant-General. 



Morrisiown, Tenn., Gazette: The Confederate 
VETERAN is, beyond question, second to none of the 
war magazines published in the country. It is his- 
tory for the younger generation, teeming with stir- 
ring incidents recounted by eye-witnesses and par- 
ticipants in many thrilling scenes of the Lost Cause. 
To the Veterans themselves it is a treasure book 
filled with reminiscencies of heroic deeds of broth- 
ers in arms, intermingled with humor and pathos 
of the environments of the times. Mr. Cunning- 
ham is one of the best known newspaper men in the 
South, and richly deserves and enjoys the gratitude 
of his comrades and the South at large for claiming 
from oblivion and preserving to posterity such val- 
uable contributions to Southern War literature as 
is contained in his Confederate Veteran. 



In his salutatory as editor of the National Senti- 
nel, just started at Washington, D. C, Prof. J. 
Fraise Richard says: 

Our purpose is sincere. The Sentinel realizes that 
it has a mission, and expects faithfully and conscien- 
tiously to discharge its obligations. Its field is 
broad; its resources for gathering material are am- 
ple; and its loyalty to those who patronize its pages 
will never be questioned. 

We invite the co-operation and sympathy of all 
who love truth, justice and good government, in our 
effort to make the paper a power for usefulness in 
the land. With the desire to instruct, to bless, to en- 
courage, to elevate humanity, we send forth this 
sheet and invoke upon its mission the blessing of 
Him who delights in justice, mercy, and truth. 

Surely the professions of Grand Army Veterans, 
since what they have seen and felt within the last 
six months, will encourage such a publication in 
preference to the ugly ultra sentiments contained in 
some other Grand Army papers. Another right spir- 
ited journal is the Grand Army Gazette in New York. 



10 



Confederate Veteran. 



RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE DEATH OF 
PRISONERS. 



John Shirley Ward, Los Angeles. Cal. 

Prejudice is said, by one of our modern writers, 
to be unlike Achilles in that it has no vulnerable 
part. Prejudice is often transmitted from sire to 
son ajid i; based entirely on hereditary transmis- 
sion, regardless of the facts of co-temporaneous 
history. Majority do not like to have the dreams 
of their lives dispelled, even by *he light of truth; 
they are read}', like the Jews of old, to cry out, 
"Crucify him! Crucify him!" and take the chances 
of believing a lie. 

The treatment of "prisoners" during our Civil 
War, except so far as it may be necessary to estab- 
lish the responsibility for the thousands of deaths 
which occurred in our prisons, will not be discussed 
in this article. The question as to who was respon- 
sible for most of the deaths of prisoners, is speci- 
fic, and can only be answered by the facts and 
official actions of both Confederate and Federal 
Governments at that time, and we propose to treat 
of the authoritative acts of each government, in- 
cluding such acts of officials as have been endorsed 
and sanctioned by their government. 

TWO THEORIES IN REGARD TO THE WAR. 

The South made no preparation for keeping pris- 
oners. Her idea was to, as far as possible after 
every battle, exchange the captured, man for man, 
and officer for officer, thus avoiding the necessity of 
prison-life with all its attendant horrors. The 
United States Government, believing the war would 
be over in ninety daj*s, and knowing, from its popu- 
lation, it could put three or more men in the field 
to each one of the Confederates, expected, by hold- 
ing every prisoner, to close the war by having cap- 
tured the entire Confederate Army. With this idea 
dominating the Federal Government, the question 
of exchange- of "prisoners" was hardly thought of. 
This theory was based on the supposition, after- 
wards verified by the facts, that, with an enlist- 
ment of Union soldiers of 2,778,304, after capturing 
the entire Confederate Army there would still be a 
United States Army of 2,168,304 soldiers. This 
was a fine theory, if the 600,000 Confederates had 
made up their minds to be captured, but their pro- 
tests against this idea at First and Second Manas- 
sas, around Richmond, Fredericksburg, the Wilder- 
ness, Gettysburg, Shiloh, and Chickamauga, proved 
that they would not submit to being captured upon 
that plan. 

From the inception of the war, the South thought 
it better to fight her enemies than to feed them, 
and she began paroling Union prisoners before any 
Cartel for their exchange was agreed upon by the 
respective governments. A proposition to exchange 
prisoners was first made by the South, and at the 
time the Cartel was signed by the two govern- 
ments the South held a large excess of prisoners 
over the North. The Cartel was dated July 22, 
1862, and its terms were to exchange "officer for 
officer of same rank, and man for man, and to pa- 
role all officers and men then left in prison on either 
side, till they should be regularly exchanged." The 



South, holding at that time a large preponderance 
of Northern prisoners, was the loser by such agree- 
ment; but she liberated her excess of Northern pris- 
oners and sent them home. By this means the 
prisons were empty, but, governed by her sense of 
honor and common humanity, she stood by the Cartel. 
Exchange went on with some degree of regular- 
ity till July 3, 1863, when it was known that on the 
next day the entire Confederate Army in Vicks- 
burg would become prisoners, and thus give the 
Nonh an excess of prisoners; then the following 
order was issued: 

War Department, Adjutant General's Office, 
Washington, D.C., July 3, 1863. 
"It is understood that captured officers and men have 
been paroled and released on the field by others than com- 
manders of opposing- armies, and that the sick and wound- 
ed in hospitals have been so paroled and released, in order to 
avoid g-uarding- and removing them, which in many cases 
would have been impossible Such paroles are in violation 
of general orders and the stipulations of the Cartel, and 
are null and void. They are not regarded by the enemy 
and will not be respected by the United States. Any officer 
or soldier who gives such a parole will be returned to duty 
without exchange, and moreover, will be punished for dis- 
obedience of orders." 

(Signed) E. D. Townsend, A. A. G. 

In regard to the above order from the Federal 
War Department, we deny that the Confederate au- 
thorities ever failed to recognize the validity of 
paroles given by their sick and wounded when cap- 
tured in Confederate hospitals by the Federal Army, 
and demand the proof. If such a thing occurred 
during the War, it is an easy matter to state time 
and place. An order from the War Department, 
while a Cartel for the exchange of prisoners, 
mutually beneficial to both sides, was still in exis- 
tence, says that "Prisoners who have been paroled 
by other than the commander of an army," and that 
the "sick and wounded in hospitals" who have 
been paroled, because, perchance, their captors could 
not remove them, "shall be disregarded," also that 
the poor wounded soldier who had done his best 
for his country, and the officer who led him, accept- 
ing such parole, shall be '•'■returned to duty without 
exchange and, moreover, will he punished for dis- 
obedience.'" If the mere fact of surrender is a stain 
on a soldier's honor, then the bravest men who ever 
walked the sulphurous edge of battle in all the 
armies of the world, bear it 

International law, as laid down by Vattel and 
other recognized Publicists, have said that soldiers 
captured in battle and beyond the control of their 
government and beyond any relief from their gov- 
ernment, had the right of self-preservation, and 
hence the right to give a parole not to fight against 
their captors till they were regularly exchanged. 
The laws of civilized warfare recognized the right 
of the captors to send sick and wounded prisoners 
to the rear, even if at the cost of much suffering. 

The United States Government, claiming not 
only to be a civilized nation, but a Christian Nation, 
assumed to absolve honorable soldiers captured on 
the field from their paroles given to an enemy re- 
cognized as belligerents by the usages of Wu.r! 
Moreover, these officers and soldiers, though they 
may have been captured when charging the guns 
of the enemy, and then paroled, were to be "pun- 
ished for disobedience of orders." 



Qopfederate Ueterai). 



11 



Preposterous the idea that if a brave soldier, who 
had perhaps fought fifty battles with the stars and 
stripes in his hand, having- always been ready to 
march upon the enemy at the tap of the drum, if in 
a great battle his eye should be shot out, or his ley; 
should be taken away by a cannon-ball, that he 
should be "punished for disobedience of orders," 
simply because he gave his parole of honor not to 
fight against his opponents until he might be ex- 
changed! It was Andersonville, or a parole, with 
the captured. Having done all that bravery and 
endurance could do, was it not adding insult to 
their condition to propose to punish them, because 
they preferred to give the parole of an honorable 
soldier, to taking their chances in prison life? 

Under the order of the War Department, which 
was dominated by Secretary Stanton, neither officer 
nor soldier captured on line of battle was allowed 
the benefit of a parole, and if they accepted it they 
were dishonored for disob :dience and sent back into 
the ranks to be treated by the laws of war, as trait- 
ors if they should be re-captured by the Confed- 
erates. 

The Confederates captured nearly 6,000 prisoners 
at Gettysburg", and proceeded to parole them on the 
field, but when ihiv had given parole to about 
2. into, this order of the Dark A.ges from Secretary 
Stanton came to hand, and the other 4,000 had to 
foot it to Richmond, a weary march of several hun- 
dred miles, to undergo the discomforts of Libby or 
Andersonville. Was this torture needed to make 
these brave men respect the dignity and power of 
their government, when each one knew that such 
an order was a violation of the solemn honor of his 
government, which it had willingly carried out 
whenever the South In Id more prison, rs than it did? 

Aiter thousands of Union prisoners bad been pa- 
roled and allowed to go home till they were ex- 
changed, the War Department of the federal Gov- 
ernment modified the Cartel, under which a general 
exchange of prisoners was agreed on, and limited 
the exchange to "these held in confinement." This 
order could only mean, to people of ordinary com- 
mon sense, that those who had been paroled are 
safe at home, and we will not allow the Confeder- 
ates to use them as exchanges for prisoners after- 
wards captured. Hail the Confederates not regard- 
ed i be honor of these they would have kept them in 
prison. The Confederates expected that the United 
States Government would stand by the obligations 
of her soldiers, many of whom had been captured 
close by the cannon's mouth. But this order send- 
ing them back to the army, though their parole of 
honor was then in the hands of the Confederate 
War Department, and, if violated, would bring them 
to the gallows or other ignominious form of death, 
by the laws and usages of war. 

The 4,000 prisoners captured at Gettysburg were 
marched back to Richmond under all the hardships 
of a Government unable to furnish anything, ex- 
cept the scantiest supplies to her own soldiers, and 
were sent to their necessary doom at Libby or 
Andersonville, when, according to the Cartel, they 
should have been sent home to their families, as 
brave soldiers of the Union, until the number of 
prisoners on each side justified an exchange. 



We do not desire to avoid any question which 
gave the Federal Government a plausible excuse 
for not carrying out the Cartel. One reason given 
by its authorities for a failure to carry out the con- 
ditions of the Cartel, was that the South had vio- 
lated it in refusing to exchange negroes equally 
with white soldiers. Did this refusal to recognize 
the late slaves of the South as legitimate prisoners 
of war justify the Federal Government in permit- 
ting her brave white soldiers in Southern prisons 
to die, in-order to force the Confederate Govern- 
ment to exchange as prisoners some of their former 
slaves? 

The South's position on this question is best es- 
tablished by a review of the expressed animus of 
the United States Government at the beginning of 
the war and its aims. 

When Mr. Lincoln was on his way to be inaugu- 
rated, and also in his inaugural address, he denied 
any desire to interfere with slavery in the States, 
and his Proclamation of War against the South 
was not because of her acceptance and endorsement 
of slavery, but because of her effort to dissolve the 
Union, It was this call to save the Union which 
thrilled the heart of the North from Maine to the 
Pacific. If these thousands had been called to blot 
out negro Slavery there would never have been a 
Union Army. Even after the war was under full 
headway and the Federal Army had crossed into 
Kentucky, there was no evangel in its front, pro- 
claiming the emancipation of the negro, ami there 
was not a day in the year 1862 when a Kentucky 
slave-holder, who was raisins' a regiment to save the 
Union, could not have sold his own negroes on the 
block without molestation. Mr. Lincoln, in his 
first annual message, asked Congress to pass an 
Act for the abolition of slavery in the year nineteen 
hundred, each slave-holder to be compensated for 
his slaves. This he thought would save the Union. 
He closed this message with a paragraph that all 
the loyal of the South "should be compensated for 
all losses, by acts of the United States, including 
losses of slaves." 

In the first part of this message, Mr. Lincoln was 
in favor of paying for all slaves emancipated, brought 
about by the United States Army, in addition to 
the value of the slaves. Mr. Lincoln in his Eman- 
cipation Proclamation did not offer to every slave 
the guerdon of freedom, as he excepted thirteen coun- 
ties in western Louisiana, the City of New Orleans, 
all of West Virginia, and several counties in old Vir- 
ginia. The fact that he did not offer freedom to 
the slaves in this territory is proof conclusive that 
any man or set of men who were enlisted in the War 
for the Union had the legal as well as the moral 
right to hold their slaves. To every mind capable 
of a logical deduction of this, it meant at that time 
the moral obligation of slavery depended on the loy- 
alty of the owner to the Union. This fact led the 
Southern Government to decline to recognize ne- 
groes as prisoners of war who had been decoyed from 
their homes by promises of large bounties for en- 
listment against their old masters; and it was in- 
tended by the Cartel that it should include the ex- 
change of only free soldiers. This was not a ques- 
tion of color, for the South was willing to regard as 



12 



Confederate Uecerag, 



prisoners free negroes who had been captured in 
the Union Arm}-. 

It follows, therefore, at the time of making- the 
Cartel neither Congress nor Mr. Lincoln had made 
any movement looking to the emancipation of the 
slaves, and ever}' reasonable mind must conclude 
that the negro soldier, ivho under the law was yet a 
slave, was used as a mere subterfuge in order to 
prevent all exchanges. This ma}- have been com- 
forting to the captured negroes, but it peopled the 
graveyards of the South with thousands of the 
North's best white soldiers. If the widows of those 
who died at Andersonville, or the children of those 
who died in Libby, can extract any comfort from 
their death, from the fact that they died as martyrs 
to preserve the military equality of the negrowith 
the white soldier, then a Pantheon should be erect- 
ed to protect their remains when they die, as speci- 
mens of the loftiest self-abnegation the world has 
ever known. 

General Butler, while Commissioner for exchange 
of prisoners, an intense hater of the South, know- 
ing there were only a few hundred negro soldiers 
who were prisoners, and knowing they were accus- 
tomed to a Southern climate, and the "hog and 
hominy" diet of the Southern soldier, insisted on 
the United States Government waiving their ex- 
change in order to release thousands of her bravest 
white soldiers, leaving the question of the status of 
the negro soldier to be settled in the future. We 
ask, was it better that ten white soldiers should die 
in prison than one negro should fail to be exchanged? 

We propose to show who was to blame for failure 
to exchange prisoners, and consequently who is re- 
sponsible for the thousands of graves under the 
pines of Georgia. 

1st. The South was opposed to all prisons — pre- 
ferring to exchange all prisoners on the field. 

2nd. The South first proposed to enter into a Car- 
tel for exchange of prisoners, and at a time when 
she had thousands more prisoners than were held by 
the North. 

3rd. She carried out this Cartel faithfully — deliv- 
ering thousands of prisoners, on their parole, be- 
cause the North did not have prisoners to exchange 
for them. 

4th. The North, then having many of her paroled 
prisoners at home, and on the eve of the surrender 
of Vicksburg, knowing the Confederates to be capt- 
ured there the neit day would give her a prepon- 
derance of prisoners an order was issued by Secre- 
tary Stanton, disallowing and revoking all paroles 
by other than the commander of an army, of either 
sick, well or wounded, ordering them back into the 
ranks to be punished for disobedience of orders. 

5th. The North, after getting an excess of prison- 
ers on hand, proposed to continue the exchange, con- 
fining it to prisoners then in confinement, thus at- 
tempting to evade an honest compliance with the 
Cartel by declining to exchange paroled prisoners 
for those of the Confederates then in their prisons. 

6th. The South humiliated herself by parading 
before the United States Government the unhappy 
condition of Northern prisoners and which she was 
powerless to mitigate. 

7th. The South, after confessing her inability to 



furnish Northern prisoners with proper food and 
medicine, and not wishing them to die in prison, 
submitted to Major-General Hitchcock, the Federal 
Agent for exchange, the following proposition: 

Confederate War Department, 
Richmond, Va., January 24, 1864. 
Sir: In view of the present difficulties attending the ex- 
change and release of prisoners, I propose that all such on 
each side be attended by a proper number of their own sur- 
geons, who, under rules to be established, shall be permit- 
ted to take charge of their health and comfort. I also pro- 
pose that these surgeons shall act as Commissaries with 
power to distribute such contributions of money, food, cloth- 
ing and medicine as may be forwarded for the relief of pris- 
oners. I further propose that these surgeons be selected 
by their own governments, and that they shall have full 
liberty at any and all times, through their agents of ex- 
change, to make reports, not only of their acts, but of any 
matters relating to the welfare of prisoners. 
Respectfully, 

Robert Ould, 
Confederate Commissioner of Exchange. 

When Judge Ould offered the United States Gov- 
ernment the right to send by her own surgeons and 
medicines for Union prisoners, the medical supplies 
in the South had long been exhausted. 

Quinine was then worth in the South $60.00 per 
ounce, while it was worth onl} T $5.00 in New York. 
As thousands of Union prisoners died from malarial 
diseases incident to the Southern climate, who might 
have been saved with the proper medicines, does 
not the refusal to furnish such medicine fix the 
responsibility of their deaths upon the United States 
Government? 

This broad Christian offer was never noticed by 
the Federal Government. Finding that the United 
States Government paid no attention to this Christ- 
ian proposition, then the Confederate Government 
ordered Judge Ould to propose to the United States 
Government to furnish, without equivalents, 15,000 
of their sick and wounded at the mouth of the Sa- 
vannah River as soon as they would furnish trans- 
portation. This offer was made early in August, 
1864, but not a vessel reached the mouth of the 
river to receive these prisoners till late in the fol- 
lowing December, thus allowing death to reap its 
greatest victories during the months of September, 
October and November. The South turned over to 
the North on the arrival of the first ship 13,000 sick 
and wounded, and many strong, healthy men, re- 
ceiving only 3,000 sick soldiers in lieu thereof. 

Prompt acceptance of this humane proposition 
would have returned to their country and families 
thousands of those who now sleep under the pines 
around Andersonville. 

8th. The South, moved by the sufferings of Union 
prisoners, and being utterly without medicine, pro- 
posed to the" Federal authorities to buy medicines 
from them, paying in gold, cotton or tobacco, at 
even two or three prices for the same, for the Union 
prisoners, pledging the honor of the South not to 
use one ounce of it for Southern soldiers. This was 
declined or never accepted. 

Was it Christian to refuse to sell medicine to their 
own men who were dying for the want of it? If it 
was, the Sermon on the Mount ought to be relega- 
ted to the land of fable. 

9th. We now come to the final" reason why it was 
best that Union prisoners should die in prison, rather 



Qopfederate Ueterai). 



13 



than to be released to their homes. It is the argu- 
ment of military necessity. It zvas a question of the 
few dying for the many. 

General Grant had said in his dispatch to General 
Butler, August 18, 1864: 

"// is hard on our men held in Southern prisons 
not to exchange them, but it is humanity to those left 
in the ranks to fight our batt/es. At this particular 
time, to release all rebel prisoners North -would insure 
Sherman's defeat, and would compromise our safety 
here." 1 

Did any one ever think that if the ')5,000 Confed- 
erate prisoners then in Northern prisons had been 
released, it also released 95,000 Union prisoners? 

If General Grant regarded each Northern soldier 
equal on the field to each Southern soldier, what 
difference would this exchange have made in the 
relative numbers of the two armies? The truth is. 
General Grant never hoped for success except in 
overwhelming numbers. Asa General he was wise, 
prudent and brave, and knew that the greater mill- 
stone must ultimately wear away the lesser. 

Military Necessity. The refusal to exchange pris- 
oners and the enlistment of negroes were a military 
necessity, and this won the fight. 

The battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3, 1863. 
On the next day, General Lee, finding himself en- 
cumbered by many thousands of prisoners, addressed 
General Meade, proposing to exchange them. To 
this note General Meade replied by telegram to 
Major-General Halleck: 

A proposition made by General Lee, under flag of truer. 
to exchange prisoners was declined by me." 

(Sig-ned) Gkorgk C. Meade, 

Major-General. 
Gettysburg-, July 4, 10 p.m. 

Was this not the day of all the days in the year, 
when a General, who, for three days, on inaccessi- 
ble heights, with ''5,000 men, had hardly held at 
bay an army of 65,000, should, knowing his inability 
to prevent General Lee marching these prisoners to 
Libby or Andersonville, have gladly accepted an 
opportunity to exchange them on the field, and thus 
save them from the long tramp and prison life? 

In October, 18(>4, General Lee wrote to General 
Grant as follows: "To alleviate the sufferings of 
our soldiers, I propose the exchange of prisoners of 
war taken by the armies operating in Virginia, man 
for man, upon the basis established bv the Cartel." 

On the next day General Grant replied as follows: 
"I could not of right accept your proposition further 
than to exchange prisoners captured within the 
last three days, and who have not yet been delivered 
to the commanding General of prisoners. Among 
those lost by the armies around Richmond were a 
number of colored trocps. Before further negotia- 
tions can be had upon the subject, I would ask if 
you propose to exchange these men the same as 
white soldiers?" 

General Lee said, in rejoinder: "Deserters from 
our service, and negroes belonging to our citizens, 
are n.it considered as subjects of exchange." 

Jefferson Davis in 1864, seeing the distress and 
death among the Union prisoners, which he had no 
power to avert, sent a commission of Union officers 
from Audersonvilre to Washington to presenl their 
situation to Mr. Lincoln and insist on an immedi- 



ate exchange, but they failed to get an audience 
with Mr. Lincoln, it is believed by the influence of 
Mr. Stanton, and no satisfactory results were ob- 
tained. All the reasons heretofore given are subsid- 
iary and lead up to the one reason in the mind of the 
United States Government against the exchange of 
prisoners. 

It was set forth in General Grant's reply of April 
1, 1864, in which he forbade General Butler, "To 
take any step by which any able-bodied man should 
be exchanged till further orders from him." 

Taken in connection with his order to General 
Butler heretofore referred to, it was the enforce- 
ment of the idea of military necessity — that last plea 
of despots all over the world. Here was the wisdom 
and cunning of a Bismarck allied to the utter dis- 
regard of human life or suffering which character- 
ized many of the Generals of the Dark Ages. Here 
was the policy of the Spanish Inquisition to murder 
the innocent rather than give equal advantage to 
the enemy. 

Mr. Lincoln, in his great heart, was ready to do 
justice to friend and foealike, butbaekof him stood 
Phillip II. of Spain in the person of Stanton, who 
said by every act* "It is better to have every Union 
soldier die in prison than to turn loose an equal 
number of Confederate prisoners." 

This military necessity grew out of the fact that, 
whereas the South had enlisted in her armies 600,- 
000 soldiers, the North had only 2,778,304 soldiers on 
her rolls. 

Search the annals of warfare from the days of 
Xenophon down to this, and there cannot be found 
one instance where an army numerically four times 
as strong as its ememy has deliberately allowed its 
own soldiers to die in prison rather than liberate 
an equal number of the captured. 

Without any regard to the "treatment of prison- 
ers" by either side during the war, and it was bad 
enough on both sides, we ask every sane, thinking 
man to fix the responsibility for deaths occurring 
in prison where it belongs. Tf the South held her 
captives in order to persecute and tortute, she 
ought to be anathematized by the Nations, but if 
the South was always ready to give up and parole 
her captives, and thy Union Government was not 
willing to receive them, because every Rebel releas- 
ed meant a recruit to the Southern Army, then his- 
tory must aflix on the United States Government its 
lastimr condemnation. 



Comrade Marsh Atkisson, Commissioner of the 
General Land Office at Seattle, Washington: 

Enclosed I send S3 with which to pay one 
year's subscription for Vhtkkan, and give balance 
as "Contribution for Monument to be Erected in 
Honor of Samuel Davis.'" I notice that Stonewall 
Jackson Bivouac, of McKenzie, Tenn., to which I 
have the honor to belong, and served two terms as 
President, has made a contribution to the Monu- 
ment Fund. Let every ex-Confederate soldier in the 
world, who is able to do so, make a contribution for 
this noble purpose; — to commemorate the heroism of 
one of our gallant soldiers, who performed the 
grandest act which'is possible to be done on ( ;irt1i 

" To die for liis country." 



14 



Qopfederate l/eterao. 



MARKSMANSHIP IN THE ARMY. 



B. L. Ridle} 7 , Murfreesboro, Tenn., writes: 
I want to ask old veterans about the best shots 
they saw or heard in our great war. Let sharp- 
shooters, musketeers, cannoneers, all tell of some of 
the shots worth reading- about. Shots that now 
and then turned the tide of battle perhaps. It is 
stated that the Texas Rangers could knock out an 
eye from on or under his horse. Quantrell's men, 
they say, could cut a ribbon or strike a ke}-hole on 
a dead run. They used to entertain themselves 
shooting- at doorknobs on entering a hamlet or town. 
Champ Ferguson's Company of Confederate Bush- 
whackers could place a ball at any given point, and 
his antagonists, Tinker Dave Beatty's Company, 
were cracksmen of the mountains equally good. 
How was it with the old squirrel hunters of the 
armies? Bogardus is said to be the crack shot of 
to-day at close distance in civil life, but I want the 
Veteran to have in its pages, for the future histor- 
ian, some examples of the marksmanship of soldiers 
in action, who had no improved weapons, but who 
learned to use an old musket with the skill of a 
"Wild Bill," and the unerring aim of a Boone. In- 
stances speak more forcibly of the. perfection at- 
tained in this art than anything else. Here is one 
related of Porter's Battery at Fort Donelson: 
A sharpshooter, about three fourths of a mile off 
on the Federal side, had climbed midway a large 
tree and was picking off Porter's gunners. A six 
pounder was aimed at him and he fell to the ground 
dead. At Belmont, Maj. Stewart (afterwards 
Lieut. Gen. A. P. Stewart), who commanded the 
forts and water batteries, directed the famous gun, 
known on the Southern side as "The Lady Polk," 
at a column headed by a horseman, who afterwards 
turned out to be General Grant. These shots 
turned the tide of that battle, and caused the Fed- 
erals to retreat to their gunboats. 

At Rocky Face Ridge, near Dalton, John King of 
the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment, raised his tel- 
escope to his Whitworth, and dismounted an officer 
commanding a skirmis'h line a mile away. Gener- 
als Johnston and Stewart estimated the distance for 
him and saw the shot. It is said that Captain An- 
derson, of Quantrcll'smen, would, in a charge, take 
his bridle reins in his mouth and use his pistols in 
both hands, to perfection. They claim for him such 
coolness under fire that he could strike any button 
on a man's coat that he wanted to. At Adairs- 
villc, two Yanks behind a tree got one of our skirm- 
ishers in a similar position. When his body by his 
movements would appear out from the center, they'd 
fire and shoot his coat sides, until that garment was 
in shreds. Notwithstanding this, that old soldier 
watched his chance, and finally, in an unguarded 
moment killed both, and coolly said: "Now, I 
reckon } T ou'll quit your foolishness." At Resaca, 
Brown's Brigade displayed fine marksmanship over 
a disputed battery that both sides were trying to 
hold, but neither could get away. The Federals 
would raise a hat from behind their breastworks on 
a stick, and the Brigade would shoot it into atoms. 
On the march to Tennessee, a herd of frightened 
deer rushed through French's Division; several 



were killed while at full tilt, on the jump and run, 
although the Division was in panic with "Buck 
Ague." Some of John Morgan's boys could get a 
bird on the wing with pistols, and this was not 
uncommon with the Arkansas, Missouri and Texas 
soldiers. 

In the First Tennessee Regiment at Shelbyville, 
in 1863, a target in the shape of a man was put up 
at 800 yards, and a medal was offered for the best 
five shots; Wm. Beasly, of Ledbetter's Company, 
put three shots out of the five in the target, any 
one of which would have proved fatal. He not only 
got the medal, but was detailed as one of the five in 
his division to sharpshoot with a Whitworth. 
One of Ward's pickets, in John Morgan's Cavalry, 
near Monticello, Ky., one dark drizzly night heard 
an awful rustling in the leaves near him; he was in 
Tinker Dave Beatty's beat, and this sound raised 
the hair on his head. He hallooed out, "Who 
comes there?" There being no answer, he fired 
and fled. The next morning it was found that at 
this shot he had fired at the sound had pierced a 
hog through the heart, killing him "too dead to 
squeal." At New Hope Church, a Texas Brigade 
(Granbury's) rushed for a hill on our flank; they 
poured one volley into a Federal Brigade, which 
had just reached the crest, and their unerring aim 
left seven hundred and seventy bodies on the field. 

The secret of marksmanship is not in the practice 
alone, but in the perception and education as to dis- 
tance. At Missionar}' Ridge and Lookout Moun- 
tain we found that we invariably overshot the 
enemy from high eminences, and that they in the 
valley overshot us. It takes judgment from posi- 
tion and experience as to the inflection and deflec- 
tion of a ball from the force that propels it to per- 
fect one in this science. One day near Kennesaw 
Mountain, the writer witnessed three Federal Bat- 
teries playing on one of ours, endeavoring to silence 
it. They shot down the horses, cut down the 
wheels of caissons and carriages, and were so ex- 
pert in marksmanship that every gun but one was 
dismounted. The killing of Gen. Polk at Pine 
Mountain was an exhibition of marksmanship on 
the part of the Federals. At Stevenson, Ala., Gen- 
Forrest sighted a man on top of a stockade, half a 
mile off; he seemed to be so defiant, 'tis said that 
Forrest dismounted, got hold of one of Morton's 
pieces of artillery and took aim; he cut that man 
half in two. At Shiloh, the Twenty-third Tennes- 
see, in resisting a charge, poured a voile}- into the 
enemy. At this time there was a Major on horse- 
back in hot pursuit, some distance ahead; although 
the whole of Captain J. A. Ridley's Company fired 
on him, yet one of the soldiers of said Company 
alone claimed to have killed him. The Company 
challenged his right. The soldier said: "If you 
find that the ball entered under the right arm pit, 
he's mine; if not, I'll give it up." On investigation, 
the shot was found there. Abbe Hill, also a sharp- 
shooter from the Twentieth Tennessee, made a fine 
shot at Decatur, Ala., in cutting a soldier down as 
he walked across a road 800 yards away. Also, 
Green, of Florida, from behind the same log killed 
a man 1,200 yards off. In the estimate, he had to 
consider the speed of his walk as well as distance. 



^oofederate l/eterai). 



15 



At Ringgold Gap, the well directed shots of Cle- 
burne's Division beat back and mowed down Sher- 
man's Army and saved the Army of Tennessee. 
That was General Pat Cleburne's great right, the 
Major General who was afterwards killed at Frank- 
lin, and who died the "death of honor in the arms 
of glory." At Bainbridge, the gunboats made a 
desperate attempt to strike Hood's pontoons and 
impede the crossing of the Army of Tennessee. 
Our land batteries knocked those gunboats into 
smithereens. During the siege of Vicksburg, one 
of the Yankee Signal Corps planted himself on a 
high stack chimney, and was signaling with his 
flag. Sam Rayburne, of Montserrat's Battery, got 
permission from the Captain to direct one shot at 
him, the distance being estimated at one mile. At 
the crack of his Napoleon, the ball knocked the 
chimney off eight or ten feet, and down came the 
Yank, brickbats and all. 

Nor was our Naval Department behind. It is 
said in the engagement between the Confederate 
steamer Alabama and the Federal steamer Kear- 
sarge that Admiral Semmes directed a shell to be 
placed in the most vulnerable place in the Kear- 
sarge. It turned out afterwards that his gunner 
had done as directed, and if the shell had exploded, 
the Alabama would have added another star to her 
already brilliant crown of victory. The little Bat- 
tering Ram Arkansas was the grandest achieve- 
ment in the way of a gunboat that the world has 
ever witnessed, absolutely baffling an organized 
fleet. Neither Decatur in his feat of burning the 
Philadelphia on Tripolitan shores, in lso4. nor 
Capt. Richard Somers in his dare-devil attempts to 
blow up the Tripolitau Beet, was more daring than 
Capt. Isaac Newton Brown, Commander of the Ram 
Arkansas, in his drive out of the mouth of the Ya- 
zoo, thirty miles to Vicksburg, to destroy Uncle 
Sam's Navy. 

In a number of the VETERAN, an article from 
some one states how effective the sharpshooters were 
in Lee's Army; but instances attract an old soldier. 
and a comparison between the old dead shots of the 
armies and the pretended headlights of to-day in 
that line, is the most interesting. Veritable facts 
during the war almost equal Munchausen's myths. 
At Harrisburg, Mississippi, just after the battle 
Morton's Battery sighted a Yankee one and a 
quarter miles off, ascending a ladder from the road- 
side. Capt. Morton directed a gunner to pick him 
off. At the crack of the gun, the ladder and the 
fellow came down. It was discovered afterwards 
that he was prowling around a widow's corn crib. 
At Paris landing, before Johnsonville was destroyed 
— a gunboat approaching, two guns of this same 
battery open fire. The boat in motion — guns chang- 
ing position. Boat over shooting and the guns 
striking in the broadside all the time until she 
handed in her checks. 

At Nashville, Gen. Hood, Stephen D. Lee and a 
group of general officers were on Ridley Hill, two 
miles south of Fort Negley. A citizen warned us 
that they would attract a fire from Negley. By the 
time thev moved down the hill a shell exploded on 
the spot'that they had left. 

At Athens, after Campbell surrendered the fort of 



1,800 men to Forrest bluff game), a Dutchman 
commanding a block house filled full of negro sol- 
diers refused to surrender to Morton's Battery. The 
first shot struck a port-hole, killing a number. The 
second shot did likewise — the third brought out the 
Dutchman with the white Hag. 

[An article from Lee's Army in February. — En.] 



TRUTH OF HISTORY. 



W. Gart Johnson, Orlando, Fla. : The article of 
J. B. Policy, in the October VETERAN, is calculated 
— as the boys say — to " bring on more talk." Who 
saved the army at the Wilderness? In the first 
place, it was not lost. In the second place — for the 
sake of argument— if it was. no one regiment or 
brigade can claim that honor. 

As I understand it. the VETERAN is the medium 
through which we. who were on the ground, and 
personally participated in the e-reat struggle, may 
communicate the incidents as we saw them, and 
thus bring out the truth of history. 

Mr. Cayce was unfortunate in saying that two 
Mississip] i regiments saved the army at the Wil- 
derness; and Mr. Polley is equally unfortunate in 
giving that credit to the Texas brigade. 

It Mr. Policy will take the trouble to examine tin 
VETERAN of July, 1893, he will see an article headed 
"Bark.idale Humphreys Miss. Brigade," in which 
the author, in describing the movements of that 
brigade on that memorable morning of May, '64, 
uses almost identically the same language he him- 
self does in telling the movements of the Texas 
brigade. 

Our brigade had done some good lighting before 
that, but 1 thought we rather reached the climax on 
that occasion. My own company lost one lieuten- 
ant and sixteen men killed ami wounded' out of 
thirty-four in about live minutes. I think the 
other companies and regiments suffered likewise. 
In that dense thicket we got all mixed up with the 
Georgians and the South Carolinians, and every fel- 
low seemed to be doing his best. So I concluded 
we all had a hand in making Mr. Grant get out of 
the Wilderness. And I still think we ought to 
"kinder divide up" the honors. Seems to me it 
would look better in print, and I think it would ac- 
cord better with the facts. 



"Battle Above the Clouds." R. J. Dew, 

Trenton, Tenn. : Comrades, we hear so much these 
latter days about the great battle above the clouds, 
that I am anxious to read a true account by 
some comrade who was on Lookout Mountain 
and knows the facts. We are all aware of the fact 
that Gen. Hooker maneuvered and carried Lookout. 
We could see the whole thing from afar. Our com- 
mand, Cheatham's Tennesseans, being at the time 
stationed on Missionary Ridge. What command 
was it up there, and what was the Confederate loss 
in killed, wounded and missing? I am impressed 
that our force was small. Am I mistaken? It has 
been a long time (thirty-three years), and we are 
forgetful. Now, who will treat us to the true 
story of that "Battle Above the Clouds?" 



16 



Confederate l/eterap. 



(^federate l/eteran. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Prop'r, S. W. MEEK, Publisher. 

Office: Willcox Building, Church Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All 
persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for 
Associations throughout the South, a^e requested to commend its patron- 
age and to co-operate in extending ; t. 

The movement inaugurated two months ago to 
erect a monument to the memory of Samuel Davis, 
the Confederate scout whose honor and whose cour- 
age in submitting to an ignominious death before 
he would reveal a secret involving his word — and 
by the manner of which act put to grief the United 
States Arm)' encamped about Pulaski, Tenn., on 
that eventful, fatal day, Nov. 27, 1863 — is the theme 
above all others with the Veteran. 

It asks the consideration of the men who were 
his fellow Confederates, of the women who toiled 
and prayed for success of the cause; it asks the ear- 
nest co-operation of their Sons and Daughters indi- 
vidually and collectively; it asks the co-operation of 
the Union Veterans, to whom indebtedness is freely 
admitted, for the inspiration that his career gives; 
aye, it asks the co-operation of every American, 
and of every man and woman who believes in truth, 
honor and Christianity to study the character and 
example set by this young man. 

We comrades, under the flag that he honored, 
may now well look at life as a sentiment. All else 
fades and disappears. Many of us have to labor 
hard for every dollar that comes into our possession, 
and there are ever pressing demands upon us. 

True, a monument to Samuel Davis the third of 
a century after he certainly was called to a higher, 
holier sphere, can do him no good, but for our com- 
fort, and as an example in honor for the greatest 
sacrifice ever made, the extraordinary circumstances 
considered, let us construct a memorial and have 
our names enrolled as contributors. Let us thereby 
testify our sincerest admiration and affection for a 
private Confederate soldier who stood firmer than 
"the boy stood on the burning deck," and with a 
heart in deepest heaviness cried in his anguish at 
the charge of being a "spy" and the execrable gal- 
lows, but who midst it all, against earnest pleading 
in the black night of death, stood firm in his tracks, 
remembering the holiness of truth and of honor, and 
as the tempter appealed again in behalf of his lib. 
erty and restoration to his command, where he would 
not have had to suffer alone, he had the Christian 
courage to declare that his word was of greater 
value than his life, and so went to his God. 

Many a man has given his life for his country, 
and loyal as was young Davis in this dark period, 
when it seemed that the cause of his people would 



be lost, he still maintained his honor, given in 
his' woid and to it he was firm exactly after divinity. 
Tennessee has the honor of this perfect hero, it 
being hare that he was born and here that he died, 
but this appeal comes from a source regarding the 
entire South and her faithful people as sharing alike 
in his glory. Let the top line of his epitaph be 

SAMUEL DAVIS, AN AMERICAN, 

the next should be that he was a faithful and 

A TRUE CONFEDERATE SOLDIER. 

Blank notes will be sent, payable July 1. 18%, to 
any who will subscribe, and to those who will solicit 
subscribers. The writer would like the tribute of a 
simple granite block, when dead, with the words, 
"Founder of the Confederate Veteran," but he 
Pleads for this tribute to the greatest man of the 
war. Let us, comrades, see that a worthy monu- 
ment is built, and take the matter in hand now. 

Ever since the Veteran became established, the 
editor has felt that if he ever achieved enough 
through its influence to make comrades and South- 
erners anxious to honor him, he would ask their 
contributions for a monument to his Brigadier Gen- 
eral O. F. Strahl, killed at Franklin, but this theme 
to crown a private soldier who had not the unavoid- 
able ambition of an officer, who had only the motive 
of faith to his word and honor induces a surrender 
of other aspirations for the time. It cannot be 
more gratifying to receive money for the Veteran 
than to this most worthy cause. 

With pathetic anxiety to print just what ought to 
be on this subject, and no more, the appeal is ear- 
nest that all who are moved by it co-operate at" 
once. Notes payable July '96, gives abundant time 
so that thousands can act at once. Such co-operation 
as could be given in thirty days would be an honor 
to the Southern people and to all others who may 
want to co-operate with them. 



Since the above has been in type much additional 
thought has been given the subject and the conclu- 
sion is clear that it is not well to prolong the plea 
in succeeding numbers, for all who have ■read the 
wonderful story know its merits, and if they intend 
to co-operate they can do so at once. On the note 
plan they can do what they intend. Let every one 
who will join in this sacred cause write for blank 
notes during this January. On the next and suc- 
ceeding pages the cause is renewed carefully. The 
father, mother and grand-mother, whose pictures 
are given, rest in the same enclosure with the true 
soldier and true man, under an Italian marble shaft. 
There are no other graves at the place. Efforts 
have been futile for years to secure his picture. 



Confederate l/eterap. 



17 



An embarrassing' and a ludicrous error occurred 
in the December Veteran by crediting the address 
of Mrs. Judge Clopton of Alabama to Mrs. C. Helen 
J. Plane of Atlanta. Mrs. Clopton is the eminent 
lady who added to the fame of Clement C. Clay 
and who has maintained distinction as wife and 
widow of Judge Clopton. This is a final note for 
the January Veteran. It was delayed in the hope 
of procuring the address of Mrs. Plane — which 
created a profound and patriotic sensation on 
Daughters Day at the Atlanta Exposition. 

Hon. James D. Richardson of Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., has presented a bill in Congress looking to 
the establishment of a National Military Park to in- 
clude the battle ground of Murfreesboro or Stones 
River and the National Cemetery there. 

This movement ought to meet with universal ap- 
proval if any other National Parks upon the battle- 
fields of the South are to be established. The his- 
toric worth of the place, to the arms of both sides, 
the accessibility, the natural advantages and the 
evident economy to the Government in the purchase, 
argue well for this patriotic movement. 

Many readers will be surprised at the denial of 
statement in last Veteran that the building on $20 
Confederate note on its title page is not that of the 
Tennessee Capitol. It is so much like it that but one 
reader has written about it. This matter will have 
attention next month. 

St. Louis comrades have inaugurated active 
methods to prevail upon United Confederate Veterans 
to have their reunion in that city in 1897. Baltimore 
is ahead, having- gone to Houston equipped with 
beautiful souvenirs and made a plea for that 
splendid city in 1897. Their special argument for 
next year is that it will be their centennial. Members 
of the Baltimore committee weakened their cause by 
advocating Richmond-tor this year, as it woukl bring 
the two reunions so nearly to the same locality-. 

The present Congress of the United States has 
shown a very patriotic spirit in repealing prescrip- 
tive legislation against the men who fought in Con- 
federate armies. It is well. If they had done it 
thirty years ago, and other matU 3 of State had 
been done likewise, there would have been better 
results already than can be expected in the future. 

Kerrville Encampment, U. C. V. No. 699, at 
Kerrville, Texas, has seventy-six members, R H. 
Colvin, Commander; G. W. Colvin, Adjutant; 7,. I. 
Williams, Quartermaster. Meetings are held the 
last Saturday in each month. Veteran interests 
are well represented by Comrade D. G. Home. 



Dr. J. A. Wyeth of New York City adds to a sub- 
scription letter: "I will contribute fifty- dollars to 
the Sam Davis Statue in Nashville." 

The Chicago Tribune sent out this sagacious' 
suggestion upon the Venezuela question, in which 
war with Great Britain is threatened: 

"To the Confederate Soldier! Johnny, gfet your 
gun!" 

A gentleman living far away from Nashville 
treasures in memory one of the inscriptions upon 
the Confederate monument here: "It is the magnan- 
imous verdict of mankind that he who lays down 
his life for a cause he deems just is a hero." 

A Chicago lady- who was much interested in the Con- 
federate relics in the Atlanta Exposition, seemed sad- 
dened at the lack of care given the old uniforms, and 
said: "Union bullets were more considerate of them 
than Southern moths." 

Vivid accounts of the Union soldiers homage to 
Sam Davis when his body was brought home and 
buried and the experience of his sister-in-law are to 
be in the next Veteran. 

An omitted note about Capt. H. I. Smith, whose 
pathetic tribute to Samuel Davis in December Vet- 
eran, is that he was a Captain in the Seventh Iowa 
Veteran Infantry, that he is a member of C. H. Hunt- 
lev Post 42, G. A. R., Society of Army of the Ten- 
nessee, and that he belongs to the medal of honor 
legion. All honor to heroes of the Union who have 
the heart to pay such tribute to Confederates! 

Captain Smith was not at the execution out of 
curiositv. It was the sad assignment of his com- 
mand to be on duty there. 

At a regular meeting of the Daviess County Con- 
federate Association, held in Owensboro, Ky., Dec. 
20, 1895, the following resolution was unanimously 
adopted, viz. : 

"Resolved, That the Daviess County Confeder- 
ate Association recommends to the members, and to 
all lovers of truthful history, the CONFEDERATE 
VETERAN, published at Nashville, and we appoint 
Comrade J. II. Bozarth agent for the same." 

C. N. Pendleton, See. 

Such commendation is ever pleasing, but this is 
more. It is gratifying that comrades so enterpris- 
ing and exacting for the truth's sake give such 
hearty endorsement and commendation to the work 
of the Veteran. C. H. 



The Lucy Minton Otey Chapter Daughters of the 
Confederacy at Lynchburg is in a prosperous con- 
dition. Mrs. Norvell Otey Scott is President and 
Miss Ruth Jennings the Secretary. Nine new mem- 
bers were reported at the meeting'of November 23rd. 



18 



Confederate Ueterag. 



THE SPONSOR SOUVENIR ALBUM, 



THE LATE DR. JAMES A. RIDLEY. 



Which has been advertised splendidly in the Vet- 
eran, is the most elaborately illustrated book that 
ever came to this office. There must be one thous- 
and Southern beauties in it. 

Send to the Sponsor Souvenir Compan}', Houston, 
Texas, $3.00 or S4.00, or get clubs of subscribers to 
the Veteran for it. For ten subscriptions and 
$10.00 the $3.00 book will be sent, or thirteen sub- 
scriptions with as many dollars sent during- Febru- 
ary and the finest edition will be sent. 



CHICAGO MONUMENT SOUVENIR. 



Gen. John C. Underwood has about completed the 
preparation of a magnificent volume which is to re- 
port proceedings incident to the erection and dedi- 
cation of the Confederate Monument; reception and 
entertainment of distinguished Southern Generals 
at the banquet at Cincinnati, and the greeting at 
Fort Thomas, Ky. 

This is perhaps the handsomest volume of its kind 
ever published. In nearly every instance there are 
two pictures of the General or other person; one an 
etching at war time age, and the other a modern 
photo engraving of the finest possible quality. 

The expense of this work is so great that the 
author is not taking the risk of a large edition. 
The Veteran commends it unstintedly and urges 
every friend who desires a copy to order it at once. 
The price is but S2.50, and that includes the stamp- 
ing of the name in gold on front page of cover. 
Gen. Underwood richly merits orders from thou- 
sands. If the book is not ordered quickly it cannot 
be procured at any price. 

It will be sent with the Veteran subscription for 
$3, but will have to be ordered immediately. 

The monument to Second Minnesota Infantry in 
Chickamauga Park eclipses all others. 

This regiment went into the battle with 384 men, 
had thirty-four killed, 114 wounded, and fourteen 
were sent off on detail. "There was not a man un- 
accounted for." The motto of "Old Hickory"— 
"The Union, it must and shall be preserved" — is 
engraved upon it. 

Another handsome monument there is to the 
Sixty-fourth Ohio Infantry which was organized by 
John Sherman. 

The monuments tell of the fighting qualities of 
the Confederates in that terrible battle. The Six- 
teenth United States Infantry had nineteen officers, 
289 men, and lost in killed and wounded, fourteen 
officers and 187 men. 

The 15th United States Infantry, with fourteen 
officers and 262 men, lost eight officers and 158 men. 

In the Eighteenth United States Infantry 587 men 
were engaged, and lost over half, as follows: killed, 
forty-five; wounded, 159; missing, ninety-one. 



James Clayton, Murfr^esboro, Tenn.: Being fa- 
miliar with the military record of the late Dr. James 
A. Ridley, and knowing him to have been a patriot 
and soldier, I wish publicly to add my testimony to 
his worth. For a long time I was associated with 
him, the gallant James Neal and Col. Richard H. 
Keeble, as messmates. In every battle from Shiloh 
to Chickamauga, the tall form of the noble Captain 
Ridley could be seen always leading that band of 
gallant soldiers. 

After the battle of Chickamauga the regiment 
was sent with General Longstreet to Virginia, but 
Captain Ridley, being afflicted with rheumatism, 
went to his sister's house in Georgia, and remained 
there until he was again able to assume his duties as 
a soldier, when he joined the First Tennessee Regi- 
ment, in which he had a favorite nephew. He re- 
mained with that regiment, where he was in the 
front ranks at every battle, from Mission Ridge to 
the close of the war. M3' long and intimate acquain- 
tance and close relations with him, in the army and 
since the war, gave me opportunities to know him 
well, and it affords me pleasure to say of him that 
he was an accomplished gentleman, as brave a man 
and soldier as ever espoused the cause of his beloved 
country, or drew a sword in defense of its rights. 

In connection with Comrade Clayton's tribute, the 
extraordinary fact should be recorded that after 
going through the battles as described, he was ac- 
tive as physician and surgeon on the battle field, 
doing what he could to alleviate pains of the 
wounded. 



REBEL YELL AT CHICKAMAUGA. 

In a very entertaining address to the Frank 
Cheatham Bivouac upon the great battle of Chick- 
amauga, Dr. W. J. McMurray stated: "When the 
struggle had been to the death f&r quite a while, 
and many had met it, the Confederates saw light 
ahead and then with shot and shell they over- 
whelmed the confused and terror stricken ranks of 
Rosecran's magnificent army, as it retreated in 
the direction of Chattanooga. 

"When this was done there was a Rebel yell that 
went up from Bragg's Army, the like of which has 
never been heard before nor since on this earth. 
The mountains and valleys seemed to take it up 
and echo it and re-echo it, as if the thunder of the 
great mountains was giving praise to the great God 
of battles for this grand victory." 



Dr. M. S. Browne, Winchester, Ky., would like to 
hear from any member of Captain Roddy's Company, 
37th Tennessee Infantry. 



Rev. A. T. Goodloe contributes ten dollars from 
sales of his books through the Veteran for the 
monument. Order it and help the cause. 



Dr. S. W. Brown, Waverly, Mo., reports the or- 
ganization of Camp John Percival, No. 711, at that 
place, with H. J. Galbraith as Commander. 



^opfederate l/eterap. 



19 



THE THREE WHO ARE BURIED WITH SAMUEL DAVIS, NEAR SMYRNA, TENN. 






OHAS. LOUIS l> AVIS— FATHER. 



Samuel Davis rests by a 
erected by his sorrowing father, back of the little 
garden at the old home. The parents are under the 
sod in the same enclosure, but there should be a mon- 
ument in the most prominent spot in Tennessee, so 
grand that people passim,'- will ask about it, and 
where all of the population will know to tell in 
brief the story of his noble life. 

Under the bold heading "Kept His Word," and 
"even unto death the Confederate boy was faithful," 
the Cincinnati Enquirer states: 

The Confederate Veteran is engaged in a 

noble work in its effort to have a monument erected 
to the young hero, Sam Davis, who died the death 
of a spy rather than betray a secret that would have 
saved his life, but doomed another to the same 
death. Sam Davis was a special agent for General 
Bragg, and he had obtained valuable information 
given him in confidence, and on the promise that 

he would never betray the source of his.information. 

***** 

His life and a 
safe escort into 
the Confederate 
lines were 
promised to him 
if he would give 
the name of the 
informer, but 
he chose to die 
instead. He 
was but a boy, 
and the tempta- 
tion must have 
been powerful. 
But he was a 
hero. No mar- 
ble shaft or stat- 
ue in bronze 
towers over the 
pieck of sam itkl davis' vest. dustof a nobler 



SIMMONS- I' \ Tl UN Al. 
1 , MRS., I ANE SIMMONS D w IS— MOTHER. GRANDMOTHER, 

handsome monument life than that of this fair-haired stripling who kept 

his faith and his honor, and died rather than break 
a promise. 

Hon. C. H. Bailey, Clarksville, Tenn.: At a meet- 
ing of Forbes Bivouac held to-day, I brought the 
matter of the Sam Davis Monument to their atten- 
tion, after a hearty endorsement on the part ol each 
member who addressed it, a motion by J. L. Lockert 
was unanimously carried, appropriating' $25.00, and 
the choice of location was Capitol Hill Nashville. 
There was also a committee appointed to solicit con- 
tributions from the citizens to the SamDavis Fund. 

Nashville 





st 

aci-iia. Jtegt. ojVoleuteers 

Born Oct". 6, 1842 
Died JVW- 2 7 I8 6«3 

Jlged 
ZIYrs iJU.on.rh &Zl~Da.^ 

He i&id cloiruJus ttje 
For bis C ouatry 

J\ Teutr Soldier, a puvtr- 
Patriot, a insider mtn.'naic 
lined. He Sobered dedrh 
o;it"he $L6be.t. tathecthm 
btttay /ii'sjrien&s ar\d Countiu 



Banner: The 
Con federate 

V E T E B A N i s 
making strong 
appeals in be- 
half of its move- 
ment to erect a 
m o n u m e n t to 
the memory of 
the hero- mar- 
tyr, Samuel 
D avis, the 
young Confed- 
erate soldier 
who gave up his 
life rather than 
betray a trust. 
M r. Cunning- 
ham, of the 
Veteran, has 
entered with all 
earnestness i n 
this cause and 
there should be 
a general and 
generous re- 
sponse. 



The press generally commends the movement. 



^ogfederate l/eterap. 




WM. ROBERTS, 



W. H. PORCH. 
SAM ROBERTS. 



JOHN G.DAVIS, 
CAPT. H.B.SHAW, 



ROBERT K.COTTON, 
.1. M. SHUTE, GEO. D. HUGHES. 



Hon. J. E. Washing-ton, M. C, of Tennessee: I 
heartily approve of your undertaking-. It is most 
laudable, and I sincerely hope that your noble ap- 
peal will meet with such a hearty and g-enerous re- 
sponse that a handsome and appropriate monument 
will soon be a reality — a thing- to worthily perpet- 
uate the memory of a brave and heroic man. 
There can be no more heroic act than to voluntarilv 
lay down one's life, that a principle may live. I 
cheerfully enclose my check for the fund. 

Gen. Joseph Wheeler, M. C, from Alabama: I 
recollect very well the circumstances attending- the 
death of young- Samuel Davis. You are doing - a 
noble work. I enclose my mite. 

Judg-e L. B. Hall, Dixon, Kj., in remitting sub- 
scription, sends a dollar to the monument fund, and 
votes "Nashville, Tenn.," as the place to erect 
same, as a greater number of people would see if 
there, and be reminded of the virtuous manhood of 
him to whom it is erected. Laud his name and 
memory to the world, for such traits of character; 

Judge Hall was at the Chickamaug-a Park's dedi- 
cation, and is gratified with the addresses of Bate, 
Walthall and Oates. His regiment, the Eighth 
Kentucky, was there under Forrest. His company 
went into the war 116 strong - , but at the last roll 
call there were but nine. 

Col. A. T. Gay sends four subscriptions, and adds: 
Also Young- County Camp No. 127, U. C. V., at 



Graham, Texas, sends $5 to aid in building- a mon- 
ument to perpetuate the memory of the noble deeds 
and sad fate of Samuel Davis, whose illustrious and 
conspicuous example — such as never before adorned 
and illuminated the annals of history — is an honor to 
the soldiers of our Sunny South. Private as he 
was, in the bloom of his youth, with loved ones at 
home, and everything- to live for, he said he had 
rather die a thousand deaths than commit one dis- 
honorable act. He belonged to ■ L he Confederacy and 
was a perfect tvpe of Southern manhood. My 
Camp says build the Monument on the Capitol 
grounds in Nashville, near the South entrance to 
the State Capitol. I know the chivalrous sons and 
soldiers of Tennessee will not object, but if this 
can't be done, then build it in Richmond, Va., near 
the Monument of Jefferson Davis, that the two may 
unite in honoring- the cause they served so well. 
He concludes, "trusting that it will be built and that 
the Confederate Veteran will live forever." 

The above group represents Capt. Shaw — known 
as ' 'Coleman" — and seven of h is men. The one stand- 
ing in rear and center of Dr. Shaw is an older 
brother of Samuel Davis. This picture was taken 
soon after the war — in 1867. Captain Shaw and 
John Davis were killed by an explosion on steam 
boat owned by Davis and his father. 

It is doubtful if anv picture of Samuel Davis will 
ever be procured. He was vigorously rigid in ex- 



Confederate Ueterai). 



21 



acting; justice. At school he would interfere with 
boys getting - advantage of smaller ones, and he 
would catch and hold a larg-er boy that the smaller 
might avenge wrong doing. 

He maintained this principle of fairness even to 
parental disobedience. He wis so devoted to his 
senior brother John, for instance, that he refused to 
come to school at Nashville, unless both could come. 
It resulted so seriously that he left home and re- 
mained until the father sent for him. A compro- 
mise of the matter was effected by John going to 
Franklin College whiie he came to the State Uni- 
versity. 

Col. Bennett H. Young, Louisville, Ky., Dec. 24, 
1895: My mother once entertained Samuel Davis at 
her home during the war. When, a few months 
later, she heard of his tragic death, her heart was 
touched with deepest sorrow and grief. She often 
told me he was one of the most attractive and win- 
some young men she had ever seen, and she never 
ceased during life to mourn his sad fate. After my 
return from the war and subsequent exile, in 1868, 
oftentimes, with tears in her eyes and soul oppressed 
with grief, she told me the circumstances attending 
her acquaintance with him. He deserves a monu- 
ment in recognition of his heroic courage — none 
surpassed his. He gave his life, not only for the 
cause of his country, l>u( also in the discharge of 
honorable obligations to those with whom he came 
in contact. I send my mite. The Confederates of 
his native State (Tennessee) ought to designate the 
location where shall be erected the stone to com- 
memorate the splendor and grandeur of his character. 
He gave all he had ■- his life; none could have done 
more and, in so doing, glorified Southern manhood. 

V. Y. Cook, Elmo, Ark.: I enclose $2.00 to ap- 
ply to Sam Davis Monument Fund. 

He was a patriot in the real sense, and died for a 
principle worthy of any honorable sacrifice. The 
principle and not the mode of dying made the 
sacred consecration, and its true patriotism is en- 
titled to reward here on earth. Surviving Confeder- 
ates and their friends owe his memory a monument. 

The now venerable G. W. Petway, of Pulaski, 
had the opportunity, and improved it, to visit Samuel 



Davis while in jail at Pulaski, previous to his exe- 
cution. His recollections of the occasion have been 
requested for the Veteran, and in a brief letter of 
January '), he states: 

I was cashier of the Branch of the Planters' Bank. 
The bank was in possession of the commissar)* de- 
partment, and only one room of my residence, in 
rear of the bank, was allotted to my family. Provis- 
ions were to be had only through the commissary 
and, under the circumstances, I was forced to board 
some of the officers. Among them were two Meth- 
odist preachers, I. Teter and T. Audus, Chaplains. 
Davis had just been captured, tried and sentenced to 
die. Much excitement prevailed and sympathy in 
his behalf was general. Mine was deeply stirred 
and, procuring access to the jail, which was closely 
guarded, only through one of these officers, I sug- 
gested to Teter, who was in sympathy with Davis, 
that we visit him and offer such spiritual comfort as 
was possible to a man under sentence of death. Per- 
mission was granted us. We found him sitting on 
the floor of his cell, which was too dark to reveal 
his features distinctly or to rend to him. I can't 
recall the conversation I had with him further than 
his reply to a question as to his spiritual condition. 
With tears streaming down his face, he said: "I 
don't fear death, but it makes me mad to think that 
I am to die as a spy — I am not a spy." I made some 
comment on the spirit evinced by his words, "it 
makes me mad,'' but don't remember his repl v. After 
praying with him, I left, deeply impressed by the 
interview, that he possessed the elements of great- 
ness— of a brave, generous and self-sacrificing pa- 
triotism. 

Col. J. II. McDowell, Union City, Tenn: I en- 
close one dollar for the Sam.. Davis Monument. 
Everj Confederate soldier should feel it a duty and 
honor, to aid in erecting a monument in memory of 
a comrade whose unsurpassed heroism, integrity 
and high sense of honor caused him to deliberately 
die the death of a martyr rather than divulge a 
secret confided to him. * * * 

Let it be erected at our State Capital, where vis- 
iting thousands may drink of the inspiration that 
his memory gives. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS to THE SAMUEL 
DAVIS MONUMEN C. 



Reported in December Vetbb in, $300.26. 
M. II. Nelson, Hopkinsville, Ky . $1, 
Gen. Joe Wheeler, Washington 1> 0. Si. 
Capl H.I. Smith, Mason City, Iowa,$l. 
John int-ram Bivouac, Jackson, Tenn, 

$5 60 

Daviess County Con. Vet. Ass'n.Owens- 

boro. Ky . *(i 66. 
Judge l. 1'. Hall, l>ixon. Ky . $1. 
Dr. W. P Minis. Cock rum. Miss . n. 
Marsh Atkisson. Seattle, Wash , $'-'. 
W.N Street, Murfreesboro, $1. 
H .1. Street. Dpton, Ky . $1. 
.' M Arnold. Newport, Ky., $1. 
W. S Duckworth, Nashville, fl. 
J. C. Neiison. Cherokee, Miss., H. 
R, M. Knox. Pine Bluff. Ark $6. 
J. II McDowell. Union City. Tenn., $1. 
T. A Russell, Warrior. Ala, $1. 
W. II. Pierce, Collinsville, Ala., *1. 



Col Bennetl Young, Louisville, Ky.,.$5. 
Capl .1. T. Sn.it 1) . Marion, Ark . >l. 
Roherl Walker. Sherman, Tex.. $1 
1> Z Goodlett, Jacksonville, Ala., $2, 
Roland Gooch, Nevada, Tex . $1. 
.1 II Rudy. Owensboro, Ky., $1 
II. Ashbrook, St. Louis, Mo., SI 
(i N. Albright. W A. Ross, A lonzo Gil- 
liam Stanton. Tenn., 50ctseach; I. C. 
Newman, II M. Nasi). J. W. Murnan, 
d Sehafer J. T Coppedge. J. K. Gibson, 
St anion. Tenn . 26 ets each. 
W T 'I hen as. (tin, I.. City, Tenn.. $1. 
J>r. M S. Browne, Winchester, Ky , |1. 
B I. Dnrrett. Springfield, Tenn., %1. 
Bailey Hatler Bolivar, Mo., fi. 
J. T. Cargile ^ Leonard Johnson. Mor- 
risville. Mo., each send 60 cents ad- 
ditional. V- 
B i . Jenkins. Nolensville, Tenn., $1. 
A ('. Goirion, Ah Ki nzie. Tenn , *L. 
Geo. W. Wright. MrKerzie Tenn., $1. 
W W li. ton. McK. nzie. Tenn. $1. 
Dr. J, 1' Cannon, McKenzie, Tenn., $1. 



Dr P. I'. Lewis, Coalburg, Aln., $1. rcnj 
Young County Camp, < rraham, Tex . $5. 
Wm. Montgomery, Arrow. Tenn., ■$ 1 . 
E. S. Mallory, .la'el; son. Tenn.. $1 . 

Rev. A. T. (too. line, station Camp, 

Tenn.. $10. 
Cash. ( E T.,1 Nashville, $1 . 
J. E. Davis Wesl Point. Miss. $1 
Paul D." Cunningham, Mexican Bor- 

.Icr. $1. 
W. T. Davis. Nashville. $1, 
.1. Ryan, ChicBgo, III $5, 
C s. Hayes, Mineola, Tex . $1. 
E. II. Welburn, Nashville. $1. 
J. A. Templeton, Jacksonville, Tex., $1 
Br J. A. V yelh New Yotk. $60. 
Toial Amount, $62040. 

Later the entire list of subscriptions 
Will appear in the Yi'iru.vN from nil 
v ho send !f I ( d orover. Item, ml or cer- 
tificates of slates will be issued lo all 
Vi ho pay as much as one dollar. Let all 
who sre raising funds report as soon as 
practicable. 



22 



Confederate Veterai). 



UNITED CONFEDERATE DAUGHTERS. 




Since the meeting- in Atlanta of the Daughters 
from the various States that were Confederate, 
the sentiment for general organization as it is 
with the soldier veterans, assures that with 'proper 
direction of energies the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy will be of great usefulness. 

Mrs. John C. Brown, of Nashville, the President 
— widow of the gallant General, who was after the 
war prominent in Councils of State, a Governor of 
Tennessee, and who was eminently efficient in the 
railroad development of Texas — enters upon her re- 
sponsible duties with business sagacity and zeal. 

Mrs. L. H. Raines, of Savannah, Ga., the Vice 
President, labors without ceasing in the cause. 
To her indefatigable energy the life of the organi- 
zation may be attributed. This assertion is made 
with due deference to many other workers in the 
cause. Of the other officials mention may be ex- 
pected hereafter. Each one of them was selected 
with confidence in her zeal and capacity. 

The Veteran attaches the 
highest importance to the or- 
ganization, and will give space 
and labor without stint to its 
permanent establishment. 

The next meeting will occur 
in Nashville during the Ten- 
nessee Centennial Exposition, 
and it is expected that many 
Chapters will be added to the 
organization before that time. 
Request is made in this con- 
nection for a report of every Chapter that has been 
organized, with names of President and Secretary. 

Texas illustrates what may be done by the 
Daughters. In March, 1894, Mrs. J. R. Currie 
called a meeting of the Dallas ladies, asking those 
who felt an interest to organize as Daughters of the 
Confederacy, "The prime object then being to secure 
a worthy resting place for Confederate heroes." 

The call was responded to unanimously and in a 
short time three hundred ladies were organized. 

Each member was assessed one dollar to be paid 
annually, and each agreed to use her best endeavor 
to increase its membership. 

The membership dues were to be used only for 
organization or burial purposes. And all money 
coming in from non-residents of Dallas to be used 
as the ladies deem best, to form a monument fund. 
The officers are: President, Mrs. J. R. Currie; Vice 
Presidents, Mrs. J. C. Myers and Mrs. Travis Hens- 
ley; Treasurer, Mrs. J. S.. Miller; and Secretary, 
Mrs. Sallie Cabell Lewis. Officers are elected an- 
nually. The Secretary writes that no stone has 
been left unturned to make their efforts a success, 
"and now, after a little more than a year's labor, 
we have, as a reward, deposited in the National 
Exchange Bank of Dallas fully five thousand dol- 
lars, and with bright expectations in the near fu- 
ture for its increase. 

"It is our earnest desire to complete arrangements 
so as to be able to receive bids for our proposed 
monument as early as June next, and as speedily as 
possible thereafter to place in the City Park of 



Dallas a fitting token of the esteem we Southern 
women bear for the ' Lost Cause." At the. last 
Dallas Fair on Confederate Day, which was a great 
success, the most charming feature of the enter- 
tainment was the singing - of Mrs. L. L. Jester. 




MRS. L. L. JESTER. 

Every member of the Daughters should become 
interested in the general organization. Copies of 
Veteran containing the constitution will be sent 
from this office for the asking. The officers, in ad- 
dition to the President and Vice President, are Mrs. 
I. M. Clark, Nashville, and Mrs. J. Jefferson 
Thomas, Atlanta, Secretaries. Mrs. Lottie Preston 
Clarke, Lynchburg, Va., is Treasurer. 

The following list of Chapters has been reported 
in the order that they were chartered: 

No. 1. Nashville, Tenn., Mrs. Jno. Overton. 

No. 2. Savannah, Ga., Mrs. L. H. Raines. 

No. 3. Charleston, S. C. Mrs. A. T. Smythe. 

No. 4. Wilmington, N. C, Mrs. E. H. Parsley. 

No. 5. Jackson, Tenn., Mrs. R. A. Allison. 

No. 6. Dallas, Texas, Mrs. Kate Cabell Currie. 

No. 7. Alexandria, Va., Mrs. Philip Yeatman. 

No. 8. Baltimore, Md., Mrs. Louisa Wigfall 
Wright. 

No. 9. Warrenton, Va., Miss Mary A. Smith. 

No. 10. Lynchburg, Va., Mrs. NorvellOtey Scott. 

No. 11. Appomattox, Va., . 

No: 12. Lexington, Ky., Mrs. C. L. Brady. 

No. 13. Gallatin, Tenn., Mrs. I. F. Wilson. 

No. 14. Franklin, Tenn., Miss Susie Gentrv. 

No. 15, South Pittsburg, Term., Mrs. Will E. 
Carter. 



Confederate Ueterap. 



No. 16. Fayetteville, Tenn., Mrs. F. Z. Metcalfe. 

No. 17. Galveston, Texas, Mis. H. L. Ballinger. 

No. 18. Atlanta, Ga., Mrs. C. Helen Plane. 

No. 19. Jacksonville, Fla., Mrs. M. C. Draysdale. 

No. 20. Washing-ton*, D. C, . 

No. 21. Norfolk, Va., Mrs. Fannie J. Leigh. 

No. 22. Augusta. Ga., Mrs. Ida Evans Eve. 

No. 23. Covington, Ga., Mrs. V. B. Conyers. 

Mrs. John Overton of Nashville, Tenn., Presi- 
dent of Chapter No. 1, calls for a meeting of dele- 
gates from all Tennessee Chapters to meet here. 
January 28, '96, for the purpose of organizing a 
State Division, United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy. 

The Executive Committee of the Rouss Memorial 
Committee expects to hold a session in Nashville at 
that time, and other matters of much importance to 
Tennessee Confederates are to be considered and 
a large delegation of Daughters throughout the 
State is urgently requested. 

The Georgia State Division will meet in Augusta, 
February 4th, for the purpose of framing Constitu- 
tion, By-Laws, etc., for State work. The commit- 
tee selected to present these papers is composed of 
the following ladies: 

Mrs. L. H. Kaines, Savannah; Mrs. Hattie Gould 
Jeffries, Augusta; Mrs. Virginia B. Conyers Cov- 
ington and Mrs. J. K. Ottley of Atlanta. 

The Savannah Daughters are to give an enter- 
tainment on Lee's birthday, and the veterans of 
that city will be their guests. 

Mrs. L. II. Raines the diligent Vice President, is 
having printed very handsome certificates for mem- 
bers which will be signed by the President and Sec- 
retary, officially stamped and supplied to members 
for ten cents each. There should be co-operation 
by Chapters in ordering these beautiful lithographs, 
suitable for framing, which are to be ready about 
February 1st. 

The history of Virginia Chapters by Mrs. James 
Mercer Garnett, has been mislaid. Its substance 
is requested again. The Veteran will be impar- 
tial among all persons who honor its name and 
organize for the purposes indicated by Confederate 
Charters. 



THE IDEAL SOLDIER. 



James Macgill, Pulaski, Va., Nov. 2", 1895: In 
the former Journal of Comrade B. L. Ridley, July 
Vetkkan, I find (May 2nd to 5th) that he mentions 
the name of Peter W. Haister in several places. It 
should be Major Peter W. Ilairston. As Comrade 
Ridley says, bis house was the home of all South- 
ern soldiers who passed that way, and his entire 
family were as true friends to the cause as any in 
the South. Major P. \V. Hairston was a member 
of General J. E. B. Stuart's Staff. His first wife 
was a sister of J. E. B. Stuart. Her name was Col- 
umbia Lafayette Stuart. She died in 1857, leaving 
her husband, one son and one daughter. Both the 
children died in 1S(>7. Major Ilairston married bis 
second wife. Miss Fannie Coldwell, of Salisbury, 
N. C., about the beginning ot the war. and lived at 
Cooluma Hill, by the Yadkin River in North Caro- 
lina. Major Hairston died about six years ago in 
Baltimore, Md. His wife and children are now 
living- in North Carolina. 



The following tribute to "The Soldier" is from 
the pen of Hon. M. T. Bryan, of the Nashville bar. 
It was written as a school declamation for his son: 

The soldier is the guardian of liberty, the pre- 
server of peace, the foe of anarchy, and the hope of 
the oppressed. For the contest he lives — for vic- 
tory he dies. His blood has crimsoned the sod in 
every land; his sword has flashed 'neath every sun. 
Loyal to his commander, he follows where he leads, 
laughs at danger, and halts not before a soldier's 
grave. 

Though he has fought under every banner, has 
upheld the tyrant on his throne, and oft defended 
the wrong, yet through him has right triumphed, 
and in him found its ablest defender. His victories 
mark the milestones along the road from Paganism 
to Christianity, civilization and enlightenment, un- 
til the history of every nation may be read in the 
prowess and character of its soldiery. 

In this fair land, where the skies are ever blue, 
where the flowers in sweet perfection bloom and 
gentle winds blow health to all, the ideal soldier 
has stamped forever his personality upon the ample 
page of history. He was great in war, but gentle 
in peace; pure in life, but, with purpose strong, he 
lived and died the embodiment of all that was noble 
in men. A soldier and patriot, his sword gleamed 
in the sanguinary glare of battle, to be sheathed 
only when his country's cause was lost. But 

" Never hand 
Waved sword from stain us free, 
Nor purer sword led braver band, 
Nor braver bled fur a brighter land, 
Nor brighter land lnid a cause so ^rand. 
Nor cause a chief like Lee." 



A STORY OF THE LEES. 



The visit of Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, says the Louis- 
ville Courier Journal, has started a story which he 
told on himself several years ago, and which is a 
good illustration of the love the Confederate sol- 
diers bore toward Gen. Robert E. Lee. As it is 
well known, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee was at the head of 
the cavalry, and these were much envied by the in- 
fantry men, who had to walk through the mud and 
dust. 

After Gen. Robert E. Lee had surrendered, Gen. 
Fitzhugh Lee rode away from Appomattox. While 
riding through a lane he met an old North Carolina 
soldier. 

"Ho, there," cried General Lee, "where are you 
going?" 

"I've been off on a furlough, and am now going 
back to join Gen. Bob Lee," replied the soldier. 

" You needn't go back, but can throw your gun 
away and return home, for Lee's surrendered." 

"Lee's surrendered?" 

"That's what I said," said General Lee. 

" It must have been that damned Fitz Lee, then. 
Rob Lee would never surrender," and the old sol- 
dier put on a look of contempt and walked on. 



24 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



OLD "LANDMARKS" OF THE ARMY.' 



A. S. Horsley writes from Abingdon, Va., Dec, 
'95: I enclose $1 for the Sam Davis Monument 
Fund. I remember Sam Davis well. He was a 
rosy-cheeked, handsome boy, and N. B. Shepard . 
used to kiss him "because he looked like a girl." 
He belonged to the Rutherford Rifles. The Com- 
pany was a large one, and its ranks were always 
full when the battle came on. The company was 
like a lot of neighborly country bo3 T s. While our 
regiment, the First Tennessee, was camped at 
Hickory Grove, on the south bank of Duck River, a 
few miles south of Shelbyville, Tenn., the Ruther- 
ford Rifles resorted to athletic sports. A favorite 
game was " Leap Frog - ," the entire company of 110 
men getting in single line and leaning over in front, 
with bowed head and hands on knees. Felix Col- 
lier was the tallest, Jones next, Dave Sublett next, 
and Dock Butler next, and so on down to little Mar- 
ling Carr. Marling made the leap over Sublett, 
Jones and Felix Collier all right, as he was light 
and active, although they were immense in bulk, 
especially Jones and Sublett. Sam Davis once 
stumbled on Dave Sublett's broad back, and fell 
sprawling over Jones on Collier. This was great 
fun, and he would laugh and try it again, with like 
results. If Edison could invent a camera that 
would take pictures from the mind, I could give 
you a mind picture of that scene at "Hickory 
Grove." It is now Sam Davis' tenth trial. He 
jumps safely over Marling- Carr, and King, and 
Murfree, "the Senator" Wade, the Beasleys, and 
bravely mounts Dave Sublett's great back. Dave 
assists him, and he gets over in a stumbling way. 
He falls stumbling over Jones' great bulk, and 
Jones keeps him from falling. Big Felix is the 
last, and he turns a double summersault and falls 
sprawling upon the ground. 



Tom Butler, of the Martin Guards, was the cham- 
pion wrestler of the Army of Tennessee. I have 
seen him throw down a dozen men in one day. He 
was a fine fellow and good soldier. I do not believe 
he was ever thrown. I wonder if he is still living? 

Daring the past summer and fall I passed over 
roads that the First Tennessee Regiment went over 
from August to December, 1861, in Greenbrier, Po- 
cahontas, Randolph and Battle counties. I walked 
to the spot where General Lee's tent stood on Val- 
ley Mountain, and from a point near which I could 
see Mingo Flats and Cheat Mountain, along whose 
great sides we clambered for several days, and 
where we had our first fight or skirmish on the 
summit, in a blackberry patch. I could also see 
where old Colonel John H. Savage marched along 
in a deep valley, and captured thirty Yankees by 
himself one foggy morning, Sept. 11, 1861. They 
were in a house, and their guns were stacked out- 
side. His men had captured the Vidette, and he 
rushed ahead of the advance guard and, getting be- 
tween the Yankees and their guns, made them 
surrender. 

The Valley Mountain country has' greatly 
changed, an English colony having bought it and 
cleared off the timber and made stock farms. It is 



a fine bluegrass country. At Big Spring I found 
our old camp, through Major Cam. Gatewood, who 
pointed out the cold spring, from which I drank 
after an absence of over thirty-four years. A store- 
house stands where our regiment camped. There 
a big white frost fell in August, and one of the 
company (Jack Butler's captain) accidentally dis- 
charged his gun while cleaning up for Sundaj^'s in- 
spection, and it killed one of Colonel Hatton's men, 
of the Seventh. I saw his grave on the hill in a 
grove of locust trees. I remember well his burial 
with military honors, the band playing Pleyel's 
Hymn, or funeral march. Sitting here by the cold 
spring, I could also see in the distance up the creek 
and valley a tree which Captain Hume R. Field — 
afterwards colonel — used to shoot against with his 
Colt's repeating rifle, with which gun he killed 
and wounded half a dozen Yankees while on a 
scouting expedition with Lieutenant Randolph. 

I followed the trail of our regiment 140 miles and 
stopped at all our old camps. The decades had 
made many changes. 

I have read with much interest Brom. Ridley's 
narrative. Some mistakes occur, one of which is 
where he says Lovejoy Station is where President 
Davis visited the Army of Tennessee. "Palmetto" 
is the station. I went three miles to hear Mr. Davis 
and Howell Cobb speak. Mr. Davis was a charm- 
ing speaker, and impressive. But General Cobb was 
more impassioned. He was a large, fleshy man, while 
Mr. Davis was of the Cassius sort — lean. In a few 
days we started on the unfortunate campaign into 
Middle Tennessee, which resulted so unfortunately. 

While at Meadow Bluff last summer I saw the 
spot where we camped on our return from Sewell 
Mountain. We put up our tents during a rain, or 
water spout, and Corporals Phifer and Schwartz, of 
Captain Harsch's company, had a terrific fist fight 
during the heaviest part of the rain. Schwartz had 
stolen Phifer's ten-pound tallow cake out of his 
knapsack and replaced it with a fifteen-pound rock, 
which Phifer carried all da} r . I was also reminded 
at Meadow Bluff of an eighteen-mile foot-race 
Billy Whitthorne ran between Meadow Bluff and 
Lewisburgh. This is now West Virginia. 



Col. Savage was interviewed about the foregoing 
and although he replied "not for publication, "history 
claims the extraordinary incident. He said: "I cap- 
tured three squads (pickets & officers) before captur- 
ing the main body — as now remembered, 56 men.' I 
did not get between them and their guns — I rode 
rapidl v through them, got in their rear and, drew my 
pistol, I commanded them to lav down their arms, 
with threats to have them all killed if one of them 
fired. It was a rash act. I would not try it again 
for all the money of the Rothchilds." Referring to 
the story published in Head's Campaign of the Six- 
teenth Tennessee Regiment, which accuses Coi. 
Savage of swearing, he says: "I suppose I did 
swear, but I regret it. My speech and manner 
saved mj life." 

D. L. Durrett, Springfield, Tenn., member of the 
14th Tennessee Regiment, Archer's Brigade, makes 
inquiry for W. A. Motes of the 38th Georgia Regi- 
ment, who was a prisoner with him at Ft. Delaware. 



V. Y. COOK 

WOT LOANAP 

A GALVESTON, TEXAS, VETERAN. NOTES FROM WEBSTER COUNTY, KY. 



Confederate l/eterai). 



25 



Thos. H. Edgar is popular and well-known. He 
was born on Galveston Island, Republic of Texas, 

away back in 1837j 
of Scotch and 
American parent- 
age. His great- 
grandfather and 
grandfather were 
Revolutionary sol- 
diers and his fath- 
er a Texas soldier. 
At the age of nine- 
teen he was assist- 
ant Deputy Post- 
master; at twenty- 
one married to 
Miss Sarah Fields, 
daughter of Hon. 
Tom Fields, State 
Engineer. 

On the first of 
February, 1861, 
when Texas seced- 
ed from the Union, he resigned from United States 
Postal Service, took the oath of allegiance to the 
Confederacy, and gave instructions for a time in 
postoffice department, until others were competent 
to take charge. He then resigned and enlisted in 
the Twenty-sixth Texas Cavalry, commanded by 
Gen. X. B. Debray. 

[T'He was in active service at the front in every 
campaign and battle in which his command partici- 
pated, including the Red River campaign of lSt>4, 
against Banks. His regiment was disbanded on 
the 23rd day of May, 18f>5; since then he has farmed 
and served in official positions. He has lived in and 
has seen Galveston city grow from three shanties to 
a commercial city with a population of 40,000, and 
his State from a "population of 20,000 to 3,000,000. 




DC F. Waldron, Sergeant Company F, 20th Regi- 
ment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry: If alive, I would 
like much to know the address of the Confederate 
who made me a prisoner at the battle of Chancel- 
lorsville about 2 p.m., on Sunday, May 3, '63. 
When the Union Army broke up near the Chancel- 
lor House, and went in direction of the Rappahan- 
nock River, with a comrade I took a path leading 
along the hank of a small stream. After some dis- 
tance, we crossed over, and were halted as soon as 
we got in a field by a Confederate Sergeant, who 
stood near a small house on an elevation. I looked 
for a chance to get away, but saw the field was 
lined with dismounted .cavalry, and some very near 
us. At the second command to "Throw down your 
arms," we tossed our muskets, muzzle down, in a 
boggy place, and went up to the Sergeant. He had 
some more prisoners there, and soon started us to 
the rear under guard. In conversation he said, 
"Well, Sergeant, this is hard." I replied, "It is one 
of the fates of war." He was about my age then, 
twenty-two. 



Judge L. P. Hall, Dixon, Ky. : We have no or- 
ganization in this county, and but few Confederates 
survive. It saddens me to realize that so many 
have gone to the final camp ground. Company A, 
Eighth Kentucky Regiment, was made up of my 
neighbors and friends in this section. We mus- 
tered 116 when we left for the South. We were or- 
ganized promptly, with other companies from Ken- 
tucky, into a regiment, and served as infantry un- 
til we were assigned to General Forrest. Then we 
would go into action as infantry or cavalry, as the 
case demanded. At the end of the conflict there 
were but nine left of the original company. 

I was at the Park Dedication at Chattanooga, and 
heard the orations and went over the battleground. 
Who could doubt our loyalty to the conviction that 
we were defending our constitutional rights, our 
homes and liberties? Kentuckians could have had 
no other motive. Bate, Walthall and Oates were 
to represent the Confederates there. 



W. H. Ogilvie, Allisona, Tenn., gives this remi- 
niscence: When the tocsin of war sounded in '61, 
two neighboring villages, C. G. and E., each began to 
form companies. The C. G. boys, fearing that hos- 
tilities would cease before they reached the front, con- 
ceived the idea of expediting matters by forming a 
union with the E. boys. They arranged for a meeting 
and conference at E. After much martial music, 
speeches were made to arouse the enthusiasm of the 
E. boys. But they wouldn't enthuse, ami declined 
the union proposition. C. a hopeful youth of the 
C. G. Company, full of enthusiasm, patriotism and 
indignation, mounted the stand and declared that 
he could drink all the blood that would be spilled, 
telling the E. crowd that they could stay at home 
and take care of the women and children. The C. 
G. Company became a part of the Twentieth Ten- 
nessee Regiment, and the E.'s of the Twenty- 
fourth. While the Twentieth bivouaced at Mur- 
freesboro, after retreating from Fishing Creek, and 
the Twenty-fourth passing them, Captain L., of the 
E. Company, noticing a tall, pale, "before-taking" 
youth, leaning against a tree, the picture of de- 
spair, remarked: "I have seen him before — who is 
he?" Being told it was C, he exclaimed; "Oh, 
yes; he is blood-foundered." I am glad to record 
the fact that C. became a wiser man; that his views 
were slightly modified as to the relative fighting 
value of himself and a Yankee; also, that he recov- 
ered, ami is now a portly, prominent lawyer of 
Nashville, Tenn., and always ready to do service 
for the old Twentieth. 



Gen. R. B. Coleman, of the Indian Territory, sends 
a curious document to the Veteran. Coh A. C. 
Gould, commanding the Twenty-third Texas Cav- 
alry dismounted, discharged his soldiers instead of 
surrendering to be paroled. He copies that of D. 
L. H. Spugh. Each soldier was "hereby honorably 
dischargeil from the Army of the Confederate States, 
having remained true to his colors to the last." 
The discharges were dated at Hempstead, Texas, 
May 27, 1865. 



26 



QDQfederate Ueterai). 



BATTLE ABBEY FOR THE SOUTH. 



Active co-operation even in these hard times for 
the successful execution of the worthily named 
Rouss Memorial is being- had generally through 
the South. Wherever the opportunity has been 
given subscriptions have quite approximated $1 
per member for Veteran Camps. That means as 
much as $10 for many of them as the few have ever 
to carry financial burdens for the many, and charac- 
teristic appeal comes from "Old Tige" of the Trans- 
Mississippi Department, U. C. V. 

Headquarters Trans-Mississippi Department, 
United Confederate Veterans. 

Dallas, Tex., Dec. 27, 1895. 
Comrades — Our comrade, Charles Broadway 
Rouss, now a citizen of New York, proud of his 
Southern birth, proud of the fact that he was a 
Confederate soldier — a private in the Black Horse 
cavalry regiment of Virginia — proud of the unself- 
ish and dangerous service in which he shared with 
his comrades the hardships and perils of a long and 
bloody war, unconsciously becomes the typical 
Southern soldier whose name and fame will be con- 
spicuous in history, in poetry and song, as long as 
the people of this great Southland of ours continue 
to admire true courage and true patriotism. To 
carry out these feelings of patriotism, of pride and 
of love for the cause he believed to be just and 
right, and to see that a true history of the heroism, 
hardships and sufferings of the Confederate soldier, 
and that of the noble women of the South, shall be 
handed down to posterity in a correct and proper 
manner, but be a truthful history of Southern valor 
by historians who can write honestly and at the 
same time sympathize with a brave people in their 
heroic struggle for constitutional liberty, he has 
therefore, in the declining years of his life, proposed 
the erection of a Confederate Memorial Association, 
a great "Battle Abbey," in which should be col- 
lected, preserved and displayed relics of every kind, 
archives containing records and documents of every 
kind useful in compiling history. The Memorial 
Association is to be composed of Confederate sol- 
diers, their wives, children and friends under the 
control of the Confederate veterans. He sent to 
Houston, Tex., a check for $100,000, which was 
presented by Col. Robert C. Wood, and to be deliv- 
ered to the Confederate Veteran Association when- 
ever $100,000 was raised by our people as an endow- 
ment fund and chartered by the Confederate Veter- 
ans' Association. The Association of Confederate 
Veterans in session at Houston, Tex., appointed a 
committee of one member from each State and Ter- 
ritory where Confederate organizations existed. 
The committee met at Atlanta, Ga., in October, 
and after being organized and adopting certain 
plans, appointed an executive committee consisting 
of Col. J. R. Mcintosh of Mississippi, Gen. J. A. 
Chalaron of Louisiana, and Capt. W. R. Garrett of 
Tennessee, who are charged with the execution of 
the plans adopted by the committee. The plan is 
that all Confederate sympathizers may become 
members of the Association by subscribing and pay- 
ing for stock (membership) the sum of $1 for each 



share. Agents appointed to solicit subscriptions 
will give you receipts for all moneys collected, on 
prescribed forms, which will be deposited in local 
banks to the order of the United Confederate Asso- 
ciation; for the use of the Memorial Association. 

My old comrades, glorious women, noble sons and 
fair daughters of the Trans-Mississippi Department, 
this is a grand and noble proposition on the part of 
Comrade Rouss— one that should be responded to in 
the same spirit that it is tendered to you. I, there- 
fore, appeal to you by the memory of the Confeder- 
ate dead, who lie buried on ever}- battlefield from 
Gettysburg to Fort Frown on the Rio Grande; by 
the memories of the sufferings, hardships, trials and 
tribulations of our Southern women; I appeal to you 
by the luster and glories of our arms, made resplen- 
dent by the heroism of both the living and the dead, 
to assist in erecting this splendid "memorial hall," 
where the sacred relics of our great struggle for 
constitutional liberty may be deposited and proper- 
ly cared for. I know you will respond cheerfully 
to the sacred duty. And in after years, when this 
splendid temple is raised in one of our Southern 
cities, it will be the "Mecca" of the South, where 
the descendants of the bravest men and the grand- 
est women that ever lived in any country or in any 
age, will make annual pilgrimages to make their 
offerings of love and to breathe the spirit of true 
patriotism and true love of country. The com- 
manding general of the United Confederate Veter- 
ans has by general order designated Maj r 1, 1896, 
as memorial festival day, to be set apart for the 
wcmen of the South to raise funds for this great 
memorial hall or battle abbey. I recommend that 
every Confederate camp in the Trans-Mississippi 
Department meet on the 1st day of Ma}-, 1S96, and 
that every camp take as many shares as they have 
members on their rolls. I therefore request and 
direct the commanders of every State and of every 
division (both State and Territory) in the Trans- 
Mississippi to issue the necessary orders and circu- 
lars and make the proper arrangements to carry out 
the above instructions, and to call co your aid and 
assistance every Confederate soldier, their good 
wives, their sons and daughters of the Confederacy, 
so that we may be able to transmit to Richmond on 
the 30th of June, 1896, when our great reunion 
meets, the result of your work. 

A happy New Year to the brave old Confederates, 
their families and friends. 

By order of W. L. Cabell, 
Lieutenant General United Confederate Veterans, 
commanding Trans-Mississippi Department. 

Official: A. T. Watts. 

• Adjutant General and Chief of Staff. 

Comment upon this appeal and order is copied 
from the New Orleans States: The eloquent order 
of the department and division commanders of the 
U. C. V. are bearing full fruit. We present to-day 
the order of Gen. W. L. Cabell, commander of the 
Trans-Mississippi Department. It is a reflex of ' 'Old 
Tige" himself. There is no mistaking his senti- 
ments in the earnestness with which he gives ex- 
pression to them. Whether with the sword or pen, 
this gallant veteran always strikes straight and 
with effect. 



Qogfederate Vetera r>. 



27 



Persons interested in the Rouss Memorial may 
address any one of the committee whose names and 
addresses are: 

General George H. Steuart, South River, Md. 

Colonel J. R. Mcintosh, Meridian, Miss. 

General Geo. D. Johnston, Tuscaloosa. Ala. 

Colonel J. B. Cary, Richmond,' Va. 

General J. A. Chalaron, New Orleans, La. 

Captain B. H. Teague, Aiken, S. C. 

Major W. R. Garrett, Nashville, Tenn. 

Colonel John O. Casler, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

General W. D. Chipley, Pensacola, Fla. 

Colonel J. C. Cravens, Springfield, Mo. 

Captain John H. Carter, Avon, Fayette Co., Ky. 

Colonel Howard Williams, Atlanta, Ga. 

Hon. W. C. Ratcliffe, Little Rock, Ark. 

General W. L. Cabell, Dallas, Texas. 

Major Thomas S. Keenan, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dr. L. C. Tennent, McAlester, I. T. 

Captain John M. Hickey, Washington, D. C. 

Captain C. S. White, Komney, W. Va. 

A "Memorial Festival Da)'" has been designated 
and Friday, May 1, '96, the date "to be set apart 
for the use of the women of the South in raising 
funds for this great Memorial Hall." 

All the details and exercises of this "Memorial 
Festival Day" are to be planned, conducted and car- 
ried out entirely under the orders, control, ideas and 
management of the women of the South in their re- 
spective localities. 

This "Battle Abbey" will not be dedicated alone 
to the history and deeds of the civic and military 
heroes of the greatest of civil wars, but "within its 
sacred portals sufficient and conspicuous space will 
be reserved for the names and fame of the Heroines 
of the South." 



GALLANT LIEUT.-COL. FULTON, OF N. C. 



Some Rebel Relics From the Seat of War. — A 
handsome 12 mo. Memorial Volume of 315 pages, 
commemorative mainly of the spirit, speech and 
manner of life of the invincible "Old Reb" of the 
Rank and File throughout the war, and of the 
genius and splendor of his Dixie Land. This in- 
teresting hook is by Rev. A. T. Goodloe, who was a 
Lieutenant in the Thirty-fifth Alabama Regiment. 
C. S. A. Those who order this book of us will con- 
tribute to the Samuel Davis Monument fund. 



M. Dcadv, 132 Yale Strcv t, Akron, O. : After the 
battle of South Mountain, Md., September, is<>2, I 
was detailed to bury the dead. Among them I found 
a Confederate officer, on whose coat was pinned a 
paper with these words written in pencil: "Capt. 
H. Y. Hyers, Mad River Lodge, North Carolina." 
I am quite sure he was a member of the 12th or 23rd 
North Carolina Infantry, as I heard that those two 
regiments were in our front. He must have placed 
the paper there himself so he might be known if he 
fell. He was buried as tenderly as could be under 
the circumstances. I cut on a board, letter for let- 
ter, what was on the paper and placed it at head of 
his grave. This notice may be seen by some of his 
relatives, and I shall be glad to supply further infor- 
mation. I was a member of Company A, Twenty- 
third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 



The following letter written by Gen. I. R. Trim- 
ble to the father of Lieut.-Col. Fulton, of Stokes 
County, N. C, on occasion of his son's death, was 
printed in the Greensborough Patriot, October 17, 
1862, and the bleached clipping comes from Judge 
D. C. Thomas, of Lampasas, Texas, to whom it 
was handed by E. C. Fulton, a nephew of the hero. 

"Front Roval, Va., October 1, 1862. 

Samuel Fulton, Stokes County, N. C. 

Dear Sir: — The names of those who nobly die tor 
their country have ever lived in a people's grateful 
memory. He who falls in battle incribes his name 
upon the records of his country's glory in charac- 
ters which can never perish while freedom lives. 

Such a man was Lieut-Col. Fulton. At an early 
period he entered the army, and joined the Twenty- 
first North Carolina Regiment in which, by promo- 
tion, he had obtained the rank of Lieutenant Colo- 
nel. His regiment was attached to the brigade 
commanded by me, and brought into every action 
which took place in Northern Virginia from the 
battle of Winchester on the 28th of May, to that of 
Manassas, on the 28th of August, including all of 
Jackson's battles near Richmond. I knew him 
well, and can therefore speak from personal knowl- 
edge of his merits. He blended, in a remarkable 
degree, kindness and civilty with discipline and 
military duties. He was the favorite of every sol- 
dier. His merits were exhibited without preten- 
sion; and his courage, the chief element of his char- 
acter, was shown without bravado. 

In many charges against the enemy, the battle 
flag was seen in his hands leading the regiment to 
victory. His death wounds were received while 
thus bearing the colors in the charge at Manassas 
on the 28th of August. He expired the next day 
with the same \]a^ waving over him, which he had 
borne in triumph against the foe. 

I have felt constrained, my dear Sir, to offer this 
faint tribute of respect to the virtues and gallantry 
of your son, whom I considered one of the most val- 
uable officers of my brigade, and whose honest and 
gentlemanly deportment gained my warmest es- 
teem. Accept, Sir, my sincere and deep sympathy 
in the distress you and your family must feel forthe 
loss of such a son. May this testimony to his 
merits and manner of his death, assuage in some 
degree, the pangs of those who knew him and loved 
him well! 

His State should be proud of his name and ever 
cherish his memory. Her sons should now and 
hereafter emulate his virtues and his patriotism. 

I write this from a sick bed. where I am suffer- 
ing from a wound, or I would write more at length." 



Dr. M. S. Browne, Winchester, Ky., in sending 
contribution for Sam Davis Monument, writes: 

I served in '<>1 and '62 in Roddy's Company, 37th 
Tennessee Regiment of Infantry. If any member 
of my old Company, "D" is living, I should like to 
correspond with him. Lastly, if more is needed 
for monument, I shall help. The Vetekan is in- 
tensely interesting to me. 



28 



Confederate 1/eterar?. 



LEE CAMP SOLDIERS' HOME. 



N. V. Randolph, President of the above named 
Home, reports to the Governor of Virginia, Jan. 1. 
This institution, under the direction and super- 
vision of R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, C. V., has contin- 
ued to watch over and provide for disabled Confed- 
erate soldiers as far as it was in their power with 
the limited means at their disposal. 

The main object in the establishm?nt of the Sol- 
diesr' Home was to prevent honorable and brave 
Confederate soldiers, who by wounds and disease 
contracted in the service of their country, and now 
in their old age are unable to support themselves, 
from dying in the county almshouses. A few men 
from Lee Camp determined that they would build a 
Soldiers' Home, and do all in their power to avert 
such a calamity. We have simply tried to do our 
duty to our comrades in arms to the best of our 
ability. 

The Soldiers' Home was bought, paid for and 
equipped by R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, C. V., of Rich- 
mond, and for two years supported by their private 
funds. In '92 we entered into a contract with the 
State of Virginia, by which we would receive $30,- 
000 a year for a period of twenty-two years, and at 
the expiration of that time the Home should be- 
come the property of the State. * * * 

The present income, $30,000 a year, was intended 
for the support of 200 men, but the demands have 
been so great that we have been compelled to in- 
crease the number until we have now present 253 
men. Fifty-six are now in the Hospital for treat- 
ment. The expenses of the Hospital are about 
double the cost of the support of a man in the 
Home. 

It, therefore, becomes absolutely necessary to ap- 
peal to the Legislature of Virginia for additional 
assistance; otherwise we must restrict the number al- 
ready present, and decline to admit new men except 
as a vacancy occurs by death or resignation. 

The State has appropriated in eight years $173,- 
805.55, while Lee Camp and its friends have appro- 
priated $149,563.94. The general hard times have 
reduced our income from private donations, and for 
the years '94-95 we have only received $7,216.85 
from this source. Every economy has been exer- 
cised that was possible, and from tables submitted 
in this report you will see that with .a few excep- 
tions we have supported this institution at less 
than any of the National Homes in the United 
States. 

We have now thirty-five applications on hand be- 
fore the Committee, awaiting admission to the 
Home. These men cannot be admitted unless the 
State comes to our assistance. In the first in- 
stance, we must have $6,000 to build an additional 
house and to furnish the same. This will increase 
our capacity eighty or one hundred men. We then 
must have an additional appropriation of $10,000 a 
year for the support of the Home. As the number 
of men increase, the percentage or cost decreases, as 
the fixed charges of the Home, such as salaries, 
steam, heat, &c, remain the. same whether we have 
200 men or 300 men. 



I believe this appropriation of $10,000 will be 
necessary for at least four to six years, as the num- 
ber of applicants is constantly increasing, but I be- 
lieve that at the end of six years, or 1902, that the 
number will begin to decrease, and we could then 
support the institution for the balance of the time 
for the amount of $30,000 a year. Of course, it is 
for the Legislature to say how many men we shall 
take care of. 

The Board of Visitors serve without compensa- 
tion. The only salaries paid are the officers and 
employees of the institution. 

The Confederate Association of Washington. D. 
C, has endowed two cots at $1,000 each, which en- 
titles them to keep two men in the Home as long as 
the institution shall last. The Board would be 
glad to have other cots endowed at the price of 
$1,000, and they will enter into a contract with the 
donor that he shall have the privilege of naming one 
man to occupy the same. 

Besides the money appropriated to the Home di- 
rect, R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, C. V., has spent $40,- 
000 since its organization in providing for the 
widows and orphans of Confederate soldiers, and 
for their own indigent comrades who are so situated 
that they could not be entered at the Home. 



UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 



The Commanding General United Confederate 
Veterans, by his Adjutant General, has issued an 
order appealing to all Camps to use their influence 
in behalf of a movement inaugurated by Confederate 
and Union Veterans at Vicksburg for a National 
Military Park there. The following appointments 
as Aides-de-Camp. with the rank of Brigadier Gen- 
eral, have been made: 

Frank Phillips, Marianna, Fla.; E. G. "Williams, 
Waynesville, Mo.; Peyton Wise, Richmond, Va. ; 
Thos. E. Davis, Page M. Baker, H. J- Hearsey, and 
Wm. T. Blakemore of New Orleans. 

Dates for the re-union this 3'ear are now fixed for 
June 30, July 1 and 2, at Richmond, Va. 



AN OLD BATTLEFIELD IN GEORGIA. 



FRANK I,. STANTON IN TOE CONSTITUTION. 

The softest whisperings of the scented South, 
And rust and roses in the cannon's mouth. 

And where the thunders of the fight were born 
The wind's wild tenor in the tinkling corn ; 

With song of larks low-lingering in the loam, 
And blue skies bending over love and home. 

And far away — somewhere, upon the hills. 

Or where the vales ring with the whip-poor-wills, 

Sad, wistful eyes, and breaking hearts that beat 
For the loved sound of unreturning feet;* 

And when the oaks their leafy banners wave, 
Dream of the baltle and an unmarked grave! 



A subscriber wishes to procure two C. S. A. but- 
tons, size used on sleeves. "Will pay well for them. 
He wishes to get their history, with name, regi- 
ment, company, battles, etc., of their owner. Ad- 
dress the Veteran, stating price. 



Confederate Veteran. 



29 



LETTERS FROM VETERANS. 



[ John H. McFerrin, Collierville, Tcnn.: By re- 
fering to the label on my Veteran, I find that I 
am in arrear for 1895. This reminds me that when I 
attended school at Florence Wesleyan University in 
"ante bellum" time, we published a monthly maga- 
zine, edited by the students chosen from the two 
Literary Societies, and in the course of time, it was 
ascertained that there were a good many delin- 
quents; so one of the editors wrote a nice editorial 
on the subject and I recollect distinctly that he 
closed by saying he hoped his friends, who wished 
indemnity for the past, would pay up, and security 
for the future, pay down. So I send two dollars 
to pay up and also to pay down, please give me 
credit for '95 and '96. 

I have been a subscriber of the Veteran ever 
since it was issued. I must confess that while I 
was delighted with it when it first came out, I did 
not think it could last long, as such beautiful re- 
miniscences as you gave would soon be exhausted. 
but I declare that instead of decreasing in interest, 
it is certainly better and better every publication. 
I must also confess that I have not done my whole 
duty in assisting the Veteran, but I have given 
out many of the copies advantageously. Among 
the number was Mr. T. F. Jones, one of our most 
prominent merchants, who, although, he was not 
old enough to "don the gray," yet of all the soldiers 
that I know, no one takes a greater interest in read- 
ing about the war, than Mr. Jones,. lie never 
fails to speak a good word for the Veteran, and, 
although we live in quite a small city, and our Con- 
federates are rapidly passing away— still he has se- 
cured about twenty-five subscribers and I really be- 
lieve he will advance the number to fifty. 

Comrade E. O. Sykes, of Aberdeen, Miss., who mar- 
ried a niece of Colonel Rogers sends a photograph 
to be engraved herewith, with interesting data con- 
cerning Colonel William P. Rogers, of the Second 
Texas Regiment Confederate States forces, who fell 
at the storming of Battery Robinett, at Corinth, 
Miss., Oct. 4, 1862. No braver or nobler soldier 
ever gave up his life to his country's cause 
than this brave man. and he quotes from General 
Van Dorn, commanding the Confederate troops at 
this battle, reported on page 318 of the "War Ar- 
chives," Series 1, Vol. XVII, Part 1: "I cannot re- 
frain from mentioning the conspicuous gallantry of 
a noble Texan, whose deed at Corinth is the con- 
stant theme of both friends and foes. As long as 
courage, manliness, fortitude, patriotism and honor 
exist, the name of William P. Rogers will be re- 
vered and honored among men. He fell in the 
front of battle, and died beneath the colors of his 
regiment in the very center of the enemy's strong- 
hold. He sleeps, and glory is his sentinel." 

Surely the promised sketch will be in the Febru- 
ary Veteran. 

James Howard Bush, of Hemstead, Texas, a mem- 
ber of J. A. Wharton's Texas Rangers, died in 
Nashville during the war. Miss Sallie McCallum, 
of Pulaski, Tenn., has print of a poem found in his 
pocket. It is pathetic. 



Dr. T. R. Meux, formerly Assistant Surgeon, 
4th Confederate Tennessee Regiment, writes from 
Fresno, California: There are several hundred ex- 
Confed's in this (Fresno) County. We have an or- 
ganization here, Sterling Price Camp, with about 
175 members on roll. We have an annual festival 
in April, at which time officers are elected. 

The other officers are (besides Dr. Meux. Com- 
mander): O. J. Meade, Vice Commander; R. G. 
Harrell, Adjutant; W. M. Williams, Quartermaster; 
T. L. Reel, Commissary; Dr. Alexander, Surgeon; 
and J. R. Kirkpatrick, Chaplain. The Doctor 
writes that the "gallant Gen. T. H. Bell of Forrest's 
Cavalry, whose Brigade led the charge at Fort 
Pillow, is living here, and is hale and hearty, 
though beginning to show the weight of years." 

"I lived in Haywood Co., Tenn., where I enlisted 
in May, 1861. and served four years continuously in 
Cheatham's Command until May 3, '65, when 1 was 
paroled at Greensboro, N. C. and returned to West 
Tennessee. I practiced medicine there until seven 
years ago and then came here." 

Comrade James Bailey, foreman of Iron Mountain 
Railroad Shops, at Argcnta, Ark., sends the names 
of his associates there, and the command in which 
they served, representing his own State, South Car- 
olina, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. He 
commends the VETERAN " to every one who served 
under the folds of our Confederate banner." 

Comrade Ben C. Smith, of Macon, Ga., desires in- 
formation about Arastus B. Maxey. an ex-Confeder- 
ate soldier, who served from Tennessee. 

H. T. Sinnott, of Mosby's Cavalry: In the VET- 
ERAN of December, I notice an article on the death 
of Captain William Griffin Waller, in which it was 
stated that his brother, John Waller, was killed in 
the battle of Williamsburg. That is incorrect. 
John Waller was killed near the Plains Station on 
the Manassas Gap Raiload, Fauquier County, Va., 
in the latter part of March '65, by a detatchment of 
the Eighth Illinois Cavalry in a skirmish. I was the 
only person with him when he was killed. We were 
hemmed up in a lane and were ordered to surrender, 
but Waller refused and we both commenced shoot- 
ing, when Waller was shot through the head and 1 
n ade my escape. The officer in command of the 
detachment said that Waller was the bravest man 
he ever saw, and he refused to let any of his men 
touch anything on Waller's person. 

C. H. St. Clair, Morgan City, La.: Although I 
was on the Federal side during the war, I take 
great interest in reading the articles in the VET- 
ERAN relating to its events, and I find those of 
which I have anv knowledge correctly stated. I 
would be greatly obliged if you would ask for an 
authentic statement of the armament and support 
of Grand Gulf at the time of its evacuation by the 
Confederates, made necessary by the forces of Gen. 
Grant threatening their rear and Admiral Porter's 
fleet in front. There surely must be some Confed- 
erate veteran living who has a knowledge of the 
facts. 



30 



Confederate l/eterap. 








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Confederate l/eterarj. 



31 



AUTHOR OF "MY COUNTRY 'TIS OF THEE. 



UP TO DATE. JUST PUBLISHED. 



The Rev. Samuel Francis Smith, a noted Baptist 
minister-author, died recentl}- in his native State, 
Massachusetts. He was born in Boston, and always 
lived in New England. He was the author of many 
spiritual songs, some of which are: "Sister, thou wast 
mild and lovely," "The morning light is breaking," 
"To-day the Savior calls." His famous song-, that 
will live on and on, is: 

''My country ! 'I is of thee, 
Sw I'd land of liberty, 

Of I hee 1 sing ; 

Land where my rat hers died ; 

band i if I lie pilgrim's pride ; 

From every mountain Bide 
bet fredom ring. 

My native country! thee 
band of the noble free, 
Thy name I love ; 
1 love thy rocks and rills. 
Thy woods and templed hills; 
My heart with rapture thrills 
Like that above. 

bet music swell the breeze. 
And ring from all the trees 
Sweet freedom's song ; 
bet mortal tongues awake. 
Let all that lireal he partake, 
bet rocks their silence break, 
The sound prolong. 

(tm- lathers' God ! to Thee 

Aut hor of liberty ! 

To Thee we sing ; 

Long may our land be bright 

Willi freedom's holy light; 

Protect us by Thy might, 

(irenl God our King " 



At its meeting December 2, '95, the following 
officers were elected for A. S. Johnston Camp, at 
Beaumont, Texas: 

Dr. 15. V. Calhoun, Captain; W. E. Rogers, First 
Lieutenant; G. \Y. Kidd, Second Lieutenant; W. 
L- Rigsby, Adjutant; Lovan Hampshire, Ouarter- 
master; Dr. A. N. Perkins, Surgeon; V. W. Myrick, 
Color Bearer. 

The Confederate VETERAN was unanimously 
adopted as the official organ for this camp. 

A vote of thanks was extended to the retiring 
Commander, Capt. T. J. Russell, for his faithful 
and zealous manner of commanding and conducting 
the affairs of the camp the past two years. 



Thanks to the Lee Camp Soldiers' Home, Rich- 
mond, for invitation to their Christinas dinner. 
The menu does not say hardtack and corn meal col- 
fee, but "Stewed Oysters. Roast Turkey, Cranberry 
Sauce, Brunswick Stew, Roast Shoat, Apple Sauce, 
Baked Ham, Wheat Bread, Corn Bread, Sweet and 
Irish Potatoes, Mixed Pickle, Celery, Cheese and 
Crackers, Oranges, Apples, Bananas, Nuts, Rai- 
sins, Mixed Candy. 

Mince Pie, Fruit Cake, Pound Cake, Currant 
Cake, Chocolate Cake, Sponge Cake. Tea, Coffee, 
Cigars. 



A NEW REVERSIBLE MAP OF THE UNITED STATES AND 
OF THE WORLD. 



Size, 66x46 Inches. 

One side shows ageneral map of the United States, 
portions of Canada and Mexico, and a special map 
of Alaska, while a table shows the population of 
the principal cities of the United States for census 
years 1890, 1880, and 1870. 

States are separately colored and the boundaries 
of counties are shown. 

The plates show all the new railroad lines and 
extensions, county changes, etc. 

All the principal rivers and lakes, mountain 
ranges and peaks are plainly indicated, as are also 
the leading cities and towns. 

The Canadian section of the map gives the prov- 
inces of Ontario, Manitoba, and British Columbia, 
while the Southern portion includes the Northern 
States of the Republic of Mexico, and the Bahama 
Islands. 

THIS LIBRARY MAP OF THE WORLD 

is "the largest and most accurate map on Mercator's 
Projection ever produced." 

The political divisions are correctly defined and 
beautifully outlined in colors. 

The ocean currents are clearly shown and named. 

A marginal index of letters and figures enables 
one to easily locate every country in the world. 

Short articles in alphabetical order are printed 
around the border of this map in large, clear type, 
containing valuable information about agricultural, 
mining, and manufacturing. 

The area, population ami form of government of 
every country in the world is given up to date. 

The population of over one hundred of the most 
important cities of the world is shown in a table 
specially prepared for this map. 

The map also contains diagrams showing com- 
parative lengths of the principal rivers, and heights 
of principal mountains in the world, and an insert 
map showing the North Polar regions. 

"This new reversible map is the best ever publish- 
ed," say the publishers, for the following reasons: 

It is unrivailed in clearness. 

The United States side is a complete railroad map 
of the country. 

It is the largest map of the United States and 
world combined ever printed on one sheet. 

The best quality of heavy map paper is used, 
while the edges are bound with tape, mounted on 
sticks at top and bottom ready to hang on the wall. 

The VETERAN offers this beautiful map for sale 
at $2.25 postpaid. Regular price $5.00. For a 
club of six new subscribers it will be sent free. 
Order now. 

THE CONFEDERATE VETERAN, 

Nashville, Tenn. 



32 



Confederate l/eterap. 



GOOD BOOKS WITH THE VETERAN. 



As an extra inducement for renewals and to aid in circu- 
lating Southern literature, the following list of books will be 
furnished on terms designated. 

The Other Side, by Virginia Frazer Boyle. A poem. Will 
be sent as premium for four subscriptions, or with I he Vet- 
er*n for $1.75. Price $100 This is a remarkable poem, 
Jefferson Davis being the theme of the gifted author. 

Christ in the Camp. 4524 pages is illustrated and character- 
istic of the eminent author. Rev J. William Jones, D.D. Price 
$2.50. Given as premium for five subscribers. 

The American Epic, a Concise Scenic History of the 
United States and other poems by Drummond Welburn 
Cloth, $100. Sent with four subscribers, or with one and 
the Vkteran for $1 50. 

Virginia Before and During the War, by H, H. Fariner. 
Price 25 cents, paper. 102 pages. Sent with. two subscrip- 
tions, or with Veteran for $1.12. 

A Tribute in Song from Virginia to Georgia, by Virginia 
women, edited by Mary Stuart Smith. Price 50 cents. Sent 
with two subscriptions for the Veteran. 

Rebel Rhymes, and other Poems, by Elizabeth J. Here- 
ford, of Texas, $1 00. Sent with three subscribers. 

Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade, by John 0. Casler. 
Reduced from $2. 00 to $1.50, now supplied with the Veter- 
an for $2.00. 

Hancock'6 Diary, or History of the Second Tennessee 
Cavalry. A large octavo volume, $2 50. This book can be 
had for $1 50 if a club of twenty-five can be secured. 

The Civil War from a Southern Standpoint, by Mrs. Ann 
E. Snyder, of Nashville, can be had for three subscribers, or 
with the Veteran for $1.50. Price $1 00 

Rebel Relics, by Rev. A. T. Goodioe. Price $1.00 .Supplied 
with the Veteran for $1.50, or for three subscribers. 

The Sponsor Souvenir Album, advertised on back cover 
page by the Souvenir Co., Houston, Texas will be supplied 
from the Veteran office also at the publishers prices. 

Memoris of Jefferson Davis, by his wife, in two elegant 
rolumes containing 1,640 pages. This most entertaining and 
valuable book will be furnished by the Veteran with a years 
subscription for $5 25. 

Campaigns and Battles of the Sixteenth Tennessee Con- 
federate Regiment, from its organization, at Camp Trous- 
dale, through its campaigns in West Virgina, South Caroli- 
na, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and 
Georgia, together with sketches of other Tennessee Regi- 
ments, by Thomas A. Head. Five hundred octavo pages. 
Twenty illustrations. Price $1 00. 

The World and How to Take it, by Rev. A. J. Baird, D.D., 
an eminent minister of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, who was associated with the Confederate Army 
from the beginning to the close of the war. Prefaced to the 
work is a sketch of the life of the au'hor. by John M. Gaut. 
The book is discussed in most attractive style, and illustrates 
with interesting incidents, most of the practical problems of 
life. Home, Society. Business, Personal Virtues and Vices, 
and Life's Closing Scenes are all treated in the author's pe- 
culiarly fascinating style. The book contains 400 pages with 
a fine steel engraving of the author ; is printed on fine paper, 
and beautifully bound in cloth, embossed in coiors and gold ; 
an apppopriate gift book. Price $1 50 Given with the 
Veteran for $2.25 or for five subscriptions.. 

Annals of an Invertebrate, by Laurette Nesbet Boykin. 
"This book is a marvel." Rev. Dr. Vance, Nashville, Tenn., 
says: ''It is a weird and exquisite poem in pure prose. Dr. 
A. J. Battle, President of Shorter College. Rome, Ga , men- 
tions it as "the work of a child of genius." Charles J. 
Bayne, Editor Augusta, Ga. Chronicle, asserts that "George 
Eliot would have been proud of it." Lilian Whiting, of 
Boston, writes that "It is a wonderful book — as sympathetic 
as a human presence." This book is one dollar. It will be 
furnished with the Veteran a year for $1.60, and free for 
four subscriptions. 

Life of Lee, by Fitzhugh Lee. This excellent book needs 
no commendation. Thousands have been sold. It will be 
sent as premium for six subscriptions, or with the Veteran 
for $2.00. 

How It Was, by Mrs. Irby Morgan, Nashville. An account 
of thrilling experience during the ever memorable Four 
Years. Given with four subscriptions, or with the Veteran 
for $1.50. 



Southern War Songs. A good collection of songs, ever 
popular in the South, neatly bound in cloth. Sent for four 
subscriptions, or with the VETERAN for $1 T5. Price $1 25. 

Songs of Dixie. Giving words and music, well bound in 
paper. Given as premium for t hree subscriptions, or with the 
Veteban for $1 50. Price 65 cents. 

The Bugle Call. Words and music composed by Col John 
Jlilledge^o' Atlanta. Sent as premium to subscribers sending 
a new one with their renewal. 

Cooper's Leather Stocking Tales. Well bound in paper, 
clear print. The five volumes will be sent as premium for 
three subscriptions, or with the Veteran for $1 50. Price 75c. 

Captain Phil and Yaller Phil, by Terah Ewin. A story of 
love and war. Well bound in paper. Will be given as pre- 
mium to any one sending a new subscriber. Price 25 cents. 

The following list of Southern books, either by Southern 
authors or about the South, will be perused with interest. 

The prices are attached to each and friends, who wish any 
of them may order in renewing or sending new subscribers, 
at one-fifth less the prices as quoted For instance, any book 
worth $1.25 will be sent with the Veteran, postpaid, for $2 00. 

Hereafter, Veteran subscribers may expect to secure any 
Southern book through the Veteran at reduced prices- 
Frances Courtenay Baylor— Claudia Hyde, 16mo., $1.25; 
Jean and Juanita. Square. 8vo., $1.50. 

William Hand Browne — Maryland. 16mo., $1.25. 

Kate Chopin— Bayou Folk, 16mo., $1 25. 

John Esten Cooke — Virginia, 16mo., $1 25; My Lady Poka- 
hontas, 16mo..$l 25. 

Charles Egbert Craddock — In the Tennessee Mountains, 
16mo., $1.25; Down the Ravine, 16mo., $100; The Prophet of 
the Great Smokv Mountains, 16mo., $125; In the Clouds, 
16mo.,$1.25; His Vanished Star, ltimo , $1 25 ; The Mystery 
of Witch-Face Mountain, 16mo., $1.25; The Story of Keedon 
Bluffs. 16mo., $125; The Despot of Broomsedge Cave, 16mo.. 
$1 25; Where the Battle was Fought, 16mo., $1 25. 

Katharine Floyd Dana — Our Phil, and Other Stories, 16mo., 
$1.25. 

M. E. M. Davis— Under the Man-Fig, 16mo., $1.25. 

Rueben Davis — Recollections of Mississippi and Mississip- 
pians, Svo., $3 00. 

Parthenia A. Hague — A Blockaded Family, 16mo., $1.00. 

Joel Chandler Harris — Little Mr. Thimblefinger and His 
Queer Country. Square, 8vo., $2.00; Mr. Rabbit at Home. 
Square, 8vo., $2.00: Uncle Remus and His Friends, 12mo., 
$1 50; Night with Uncle Remus. 12mo.. $1 50; Mingo, l6mo., 
$125; Balaam and His Master. 16mo., $1.25. 

Charles C. Jones..! r.— "History of Georgia. 2vols , 8vo , $10 00 
net; Biographical Sketches of the Members from Georgia to 
the Continental Congress, 8vo., $2.00 ; Negro Myths from the 
Georgia Coast, lrimo., $1.00. 

Henry Cabot Lodge— George Washington, 2 vols., 16mo., 
$2.50; half morocco. $5.00. 

Andrew C. McLaughlin — Lewis Cass, 16mo., $1 25. 

James Phelan — History of Tennessee. Crown, 8vo., $2.00. 

Rev Charles C Pinekney— Life of General Thomas Pinck- 
ney. Crown, 8vo.. $1 50. 

Margaret J. Preston— Colonial Ballads, Sonnets and Other 
Verse. 16mo., $1.25. 

F. Hopkinson Smith— Colonel Carter of Cartersville, 16mo., 
$1.25. 

Octave Thanet— Knitters in the Run, 16mo , $1 .25 ; Otto the 
Knight, 16mo.$l 25. 

Maurice Thompson— A Tallahassee Girl, 16mo., $1.00; 
paper, 50 cents 

Moses Coit Tyler-Patrick Henry, 16mo., $125; half 
morocco, $2 50. 

Dr. H. Von Hoist— John C Calhoun, 10mo., $1.25; half 
morocco, $2.50 

Henry Watterson (editor)— Oddities in Southern Life and 
Character. 16mo., $1.50. 

George E. Woodberry— Edgar Allan Poe, 16mo., $1.25; half 
morocco, $2 50. 

Messrs. B. F. Johnson & Co., publishers. Richmond. Va., 
whose advertisement has hardly ever failed to appear in the 
Veteran, favor it with ''three great books." 

"Southern States of the American Union." by Dr. J. L. M. 
Curry. 

"Lee's School History of the United States," by Mrs. Si'san 
Pendleton Lee. of Lexington, Va. 

"Southern Literature," by Miss Louise Manly, of South 
Carolina. 



Qpijfederate l/eterai). 



These three books are already attracting much attention. 
Although but recently issued from the press, it is said that 
they have been more extensively adopted and are being more 
generally used than many popular text-books that have been 
on the market for many years. Two of them— Curry's' Soul h" 
and Manly's ''Literature" — supply important places in the 
school curriculum. "Lee's History'' is full, fair and satis- 
factory. Advanced teachers generally are enthusiastic in 
their praise. 

Gleanings From Southland. — Miss Helen Dortch, Assistant 
State Librarian, Atlanta, Ga., states, wisely and well that 
Miss Cumming's good work for the soldiers of the "Lost 
Cause" deserves to be held in grateful remembrance by the 
people of the South. Her book, "Gleanings From South- 
land," should have a place in every library in the South. 

Gen. S. D. Lee writes: I have rend "Gleanings From South- 
land" with pleasure, and it recalled many of the s:nl scenes 

and sacrifices incident to Southern society during the great 
war between the States. 

J. L Warren, in Old Homestead, Atlanta: It unerringly 
delineates t he character of the important events which trans- 
pired under the author's personal observation. 

This book will be sent as a premium for live subscriptions 
to the Vetkran Address, 

The Confederate Veteran, Nashville, Tenn. 



LETTERS FROM VETERANS. 



ROBT. E. LEE. 



On the front cover of this Veteran there is a picture of 

Arlington near Washington, I>. C, the home of 'Our I, or' as 
it was before the war — in all its old Southern granduer. 
From that porch may be seen in its magnificence the Cap 
ital City of the country. 

On the 19th of January 1S07, Robt. E. Lee was born. The 
Veteran has ever taken pride in presenting the granduer of 
his matchless character. In all the world's history no 
greater and purer character has enriched its pages. His 
biography should be used as a text-book in our schools — 
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee has written a charming life of Gen. Lee, 
and the Veteran has been zealous to commend this book. 
Its large edition has nearly all been sold. The small rem- 
nant will be closed out for $1.25 post paid. The book and 
Vetkran one year $2.00- The regular price of the book is 
$1.50. Order soon or you will miss it. 

Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn. 



WHAT IS SAID OF THE PREMIUM WATCH OFFERED 
BY THE VETERAN. 



Rev. Wm. S. Brown, Beersheba Springs, Tenn : The gold 
watch received ; it is more than you claimed for it, and I feel 
more than paid for all my work. 

Rev. II. M. Skinner and wife, Lapeer, Mich. : The beautiful 
watch at hand. Myself and wife join in thanking you. 

Rev. W. A. Watts, McEwen, Tenn. : The watch received. 
I compared it with a $52.00 one, and all pronounced itequally 
as good. "I want another for my wife. 

Rev. E. M. H. Fleming, Woodbine, Iowa. : The premium 
watch received, it is beautiful and a good time keeper. 

Rev. D. McCracken, Dunganon, Va. : I am greatly pleased 
with the premium gold watch, accept my thanks. 

Rev. J. A Duvall, Rural Retreat, Va. : I have this day re- 
ceived the premium gold watch, it is a real beauty. 

Rev. H- T. Richards, Monticello, Wis : The gold watch at 
hand, and it is a beauty in every respect. 

Rev. T. D. Brown, Oxford. Miss. : The gold watch received, 
it is much better than I expected, I am thankful to you. It 
is all you claim for it- 



Lieut. N. M. Berryman, of the First Texas Regi- 
ment, writes from Kemp, Texas: In the Vetekan 
in a list of lia^s captured is reported that of the 
First Texas, claimed to have been captured by the 
Lieutenant of a New York regiment mi the 8th of 
April '65, the day before General Lee surrendered. 
Having the honor of being one of the eight thou- 
sand who "stacked arms" on the 9th of April, I 
deny the statement. 

After the First Texas learned that General Lee 
bail agreed upon terms of surrender, we held a con- 
sultation, whether to cut the old flag up and each 
take a piece for a relic, or take it with our guns. 
The majority favored leaving it "with our arms," 
which was done. 

In tliv same number of VETERAN mention was 
made of the capture of Hood's Brigade ll;ii, r , at 
Sharpsburg. We never had a brigade flag ami the 
flag mentioned there was a blue silk flag, with the 
Texas star in the upper corner next to the stall. It 
was made of a silk dress and presented to the First 
Texas by Miss Wigfall, when the regiment was 
first formed at Richmond, in 1861. Her father, 
Lewis T. Wigfall, was made Colonel of the Regi- 
ment, and the Hag was not captured. The flag- 
bearer and all the guard were killed, and the t\.\£ 
lost in a dense cornfield as we made the charge, and 
was picked up after General Lee withdrew from the 
field the next day. 

W. P. B., St. Louis, relates this true story: In 
the bloody cavalry charge at Hartsville, in South- 
west Missouri, private Billy Conklin, of St. Louis, 
and horse went down with many others and was re- 
ported killed. The next day, when retreating, the 
Federals pressed our rear guard sharply and Capt. 
Jno. W. Howard, of St. Louis, was sent on for re- 
inforcements and overtook Billy, on foot, carrying 
his saddle, bridle and gun. As there was danger of 
capture, Captain Howard offered to carry the sad- 
dle and gun. "No, I'd better stick to "em." "Don't 
you wish this war was over, Billy?" "I'd have you 
to understand, Sir, that I'm a warrior of gentle 
blood, and peace troubles my soul! If you want 
to help me, rustle around and git me a hoss." And 
Billy trudged along, indifferent to the increasing 
fire just in rear. 

Ira A. Bache, Kansas City, Mo. : During the 
naval campaign along the Atlantic seaboard, our 
flat bombarded and reduced the Confederate garri- 
son at Beaufort, N. C. Among the captured was 
Major II. M. Dillard, of the Artillery. While trans- 
ferring our unparoled prisoners at Fortress Monroe, 
the Major, an intelligent and chivalrous fellow, 
about twenty-live years of age, failed to enter the 
fort, but took the road toward Richmond. I have in 
my possession his commission, his watch, a plan of 
the fortifications at Beaufort and some valuable 
papers and love letters entrusted to me, all of which 
I have been anxious to return for years. The Major 
was raised in or near Lynchburg, Va., and was a 
student at the University of Virginia in 1S57-8, 
1 see from data in my possession. Who can locate 
him or his friends for me, if living? 



II 



Confederate Ueteraij. 



NasMe, \Mam & SI. Lis By. 

THE GREAT THROUGH CAR ROUTE 

VIA 

LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN. 



The equipment and service of this line is equal to 
any in the country, and carries the traveler through 
the most picturesque portion of the South. More than 
fifty famous battlefields and five National cemeteries 
are located on and near this great railway'system be- 
tween Hickman, Ky., Nashville, Tenn.,and Atlanta, Ga. 

For information with reference to the resources, cl:- 
mate, soil, water power, timber, location for manufac - 
tories and for colonies or homes for thrif'y settlers' 
write J. B. Killebrew, Immigration Agent. Nashville, 
Tenn. 

"Dixie Fi.tek" 

Sleepers, to and from Florida without change. 

I SOUTH. 

Lv Nashville N. C- & Bt.JL 9 15 am 

Lv Chattanooga. . . . \V. & A 3 00 pm 

Lv Atlanta C R. R. of Ga 7 50 pm 

Lv Macon G. S. & F 11 28 pm 

Lv Tifton Plant System 3 10 am 

Ar Waycross Plant System 5 10 am 

Ar Jacksonville. .. .Plant System 7 30 am 

NORTH. 

Lv Jacksonville Plant System 6 50 pm 

Lv Waycross Plant Svstern 10 15 pm 

Lv Tifton G. S. & F 11 35 pm 

Lv Macon 0. R. R. of Ga 4 15 am 

Lv Atlanta W.& A 8 05 am 

Lv Chattanooga N. 0. & St. L 1 15 pm 

Ar Nashville N. C. & St. L 6 45 pm 

"quick-step." 

Sleepers between St. Louis and Jacksonville, Fla. 

SOUTH. 

Lv St. Louis L. & N 7 50 am 

Lv Nishville N. C. & St. L 9 15 pm 

Lv Chattanooga W. & A 2 45 am 

Lv Atlanta C R. R- of Ga 7 30 am 

Lv Macon G. S. & F 11 10 am 

Lv Tifton Plant System 3 10 pm 

Ar Waycross Plant System 5 10 pm 

Ar Jacksonville Plant System 7 30 pm 



Lv Jacksonville Plant System 8 30 am 

Lv Waycross Plant Svstern 10 35 am 

Lv Tifton G. S. &F 12 50 pm 

Lv Macon C. R. K. of Ga 4 35 pm 

Lv Atlanta W. & A 8 20 pm 

Lv Chattanooga N. C. & St. L 1 14 am 

Lv Nashville L. ft N 7 00 am 

Ar St. Louis -.L. & N 7 20 pm 

For information as to rates, through car service, etc., 
write R. C- Cowardin, Western Pass. Agent, Railway 
Exchange Building, St. Louis, Mo. ; Briard F. Hill, 
Northern Pass. Agent, 328 Marquette Building, Chi- 
cago, 111. ; D. J. Mullaney, Eastern Pass. Agent, 59 W. 
Fourth St., Cincinnati, O. ; J. H Latimer, South east- 
ern Pass. Agent, Atlanta, Ga- ; J. L. Edmondson, South- 
ern Pass. Agent, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

W. L. DANLEY, 
G. P. & T. A. Nashville, Tenn. . 




ENN.EgEE 



^ 




^N ENNIAL 



2 





OPENS SEPTEMBER 1, 1896. 
CLOSES CHRISTMAS DAY. 
(100 Days, Excluding- Sundays.) 

J. W. Thomas, President, E. C. Lewis, Director General, 

V. L. Kirkman, Vice-President, A. W. Wills, Com- 
j tnissioner General, Leland Rankin, Press Rep. 



Confederate Veteran. 



m 



THE RACE PROBLEM IN AMERICA 



A GREAT RAILWAY. 



Thomas Edmonston, in the London 
Times: It was my fortune to reside for 
some little time ill South Carolina while 
that evilly-treated State was held in 
subject ion by a colored legislature, con- 
trolled by a legion of Northern carpet- 
baggers, and supported by Federal 
troops, contrary to the plainest terms 
of the United States Constitution, That 
was in 1873; and the conditions of life 
for the while population were becoming 
so utterly unendurable that the alterna- 
tive presented to civilized natives of 
the State was to regain possession of 
the executive and legislative govern- 
ment, or to quit the country in a body. 
There was literally no other course, 
since men who are of Anglo S:i.vifi and 
Huguenot blood, inheriting the tradi- 
tions of freemen, could not submit to 
live and suffer under a government 
scarcely differing in any respect from 
that of Hayti and Han Domingo. The 

Conflict H'BB bitter, but victory was won 
— by what means and at what cost we 
must not too closely inquire 

We cannot afford to shut our eyes to 
facts as I hey exist It is degrading and 

demoralizing to a high-spirited race, BC 

Customed from old lime to fair ami 
constitutional methods of government, 
to compel them to resort to electoral 

tricks and mean devices because there 

happens to exist within their borders 
an alien and inferior race, possessing. 
indeed, t he right before t he law to equal 
political privileges wit h the white popu- 
lation, but utterly incapable of using 
the electoral franchise for any other 
than evil and corrupt purposes. We 
ought to wish our kinsmen in South 
Carolina all good speed in their efforts, 
since these are directed toward true 
conslit.nl ion a 1 ism. and not to its reversal 

CENTENNIAL WALTZ. 

The Centennial Waltz, dedicated to 
the management of t he Tennessee ( !en- 

tennial 10 x posit ion. by its yout hful com- 
poser. Miss Sadie Bishop, promises to 
become one of the popular waltzes ol 
the day. It is a lively, catchy air. in 
waltz time, with but medium difficulty 
of execution. The arrangement of the 
chords is unique, and it argues well 
for the fill ure of this young daughter of 
the South. The daily press. Prof. Schem- 
niel, of the Nashville Conservatory of 
Music, where the young lady is being 
educated, and ot hers who have heard 
her performance on the piano, expect 
much of her. 

HOW'S THIS. 

We offQr one Hundred Dollars reward foranj 
oaeeof Catarrh t hat cnmmt, be oared by Hall's 
Catarrh Curt'. 

K.J. chunky & 00., Toledo, O. 

We, thenariersigned, have known F.J. Cheney 
for the Ihhi to years and believe him perfectly 
honorable In all business transactions and flnan- 
olally able to carry out any obligations made by 
their Drm. 

West & Tun ax. Wholesale Drngglste,Toledo,0. 

wai.ih\i;,kis,\an ,v m Aie i\.\\ uolesale Drug- 
gists, Toledo, 0. 

Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Internally, act- 
ing directly upon the lilo.nl and mucous sur- 
taoes of the system. Testimonial sent free. 
Price 76c. per bottle. Sold b« all Druggies. 



The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company owns and operates ii,- 
169 miles of road. It operates its own 
Bleeping cars and dining cars. It trav- 
erses the best portions of the Stales of 
Illinois, Wisconsin, Northern Michigan. 
Iowa, Missouri, .Minnesota, Sooth and 
North Dakota. Its sleeping and dining 
Car 8ervice 18 first-class in every respect. 

lr runs vestibuled, Bteam-heated and 
electric-lighted trains. It has the abso- 
lute block system. It uses all modern 

appliances for the comfort and safety of 
its pal ron s. Its I rain employees are civil 
and obliging. It tries to give each 

passenger "value received for his 
money, and its! leneral l'assenger Agent 
asks every man, woman and child to 
bit j tickets over t hi' Chicago, Milwaukee 

& si. Paul Railway — for it is A Great 
Railway 



THE BELL WITCH. 

VI litis ttCATED.) 



Story of the Ghost that Haunted the Bell 
Home in Robertson County. Tcnn. 



Most Startling Recital Now in Print, Giving 

tin Authenticated Account of the 

Strange and Mysterious 

Phenomena 

Tins is one of the strangest horks ever written. 
By all means gel u Soni by mail prepaid,oa 

receiptor $l.oo. i.v i lie publishers, 

SETLIFF & COMPANY. 

511 Church St. Na.SBVII.LE, TENN. 

Frank A. Owen, Kvansville, Indiana: 

'Two Years on the Alabama" came to 

mo on New Year's day. and I am pul- 
ling in every spare moment trying to 
master its contents, before leaving home 

for I lie spring business. We know less 

of this part of our history than any oth- 
er. The book is a beauty, and iis con- 
tents written in such a plain, straight- 
forward Btyle thai il carries conviction 
of its truth wiih every page. 

MEMOIRS 
— o f — 

Stonewall Jaekson, 

BY HIS WIDOW, 

MARY ANNA JACKSON, 

and ski-tcim s by Generals Gordon, Fitzhugb 
Lkk. French. MoLaws, Sutlkr, Bradley 
Johnson, Lanf. Taliaferro, McGowan.Hkth, 
Mi'kk, [if v. ,1 w . Jones, Viscocnt (uenerai.) 
Wolsei.ey, and others, a bookof nearli 700 

PAGES, BRADTIFtTLLY BOUND and QAND90MRLT 

illustrated. A.ORNTS wanted in every town 
a ml county. Liberal pat. Address, 

COURIER-JOURNAL JOB PRINTING CO., 

LOO 1st ille, h y. 
,\" /,'. — Veterans, Sons <> mf Daughter* <>/ Vet' 
< ran* and trtu admin r* oj gre itness every m 
tend for descriptive circular. 

(ASM PAID FOR OLD LETTERS. 

The undersigned will pay spot cash for Ait- 
tograph Letters <>f famous persona from Colonial 
times up i" ami Including tin' civil Wa>*, also 
tor correspondence oi historical nature \\ rite, 
elating generally what yon have or know about. 
liberal commission paid to any one who will 
Bearcli and help me obtain such manuscripts. 

W. E. BENJAMIN, 10 West 22nd St., New York City. 



FROM BALTIMORE 



COMES GOOD WORDS FOR THE 
WONDERFUL ELECTROPOlSE. 



A RaTcnons Appetite. Good Digestion, 

;iml Cheerful Countenance 

Ginned by Its Use. 



The Maryland Construction Company 
of Bait inn. re City, Huilding the Balti- 
nu.re Holt Railroad North Avenue and 
Oak Mreet. Baltimore. Md., Nov. 19, 
Electrolibration Company, No. 
1132 Broadway, New York, N. V. — Gen- 
tlemen: On Oct. 23 last, you will re- 
member, 1 sent you a check and order 
for an Eleetropoise. Since that time I 
have applied the instrument to my 
ankle ten i imes. Previous to that time 
lile was held light ly by me, not being 
considered worth living under such a 
!• md 1 1 ion of suffei ing as fell to my lot. 
My friends know and rejoice in the 
change effect ed in me. presumably by 
the use of I he Kleel ropnise. 1 no longer 
starve myself, but have a ravenous ap- 
petite, a good digestion, and if my 
friends are to be believed, a cheerful 
countenance, but this is all aside from 
my main purpose in writing, which is to 
order two more of your instruments, 

with book of direct ions, etc , of course. 
for which you will liud enclosed my 
check for $50. 

l'leasc send as soon as possible, as one 
of my friends wants to die or thinks he 
lines, and I want to show him that life 
is altogether worth living, in company 
wit h the Elect ropoise- 

He will not be hard to convince, as he 

saw me every day before I owned an 

Eleetropoise, and he sees me every day 

since. The argument is unanswerable. 

Yours truly. JOHN B. BATT. 




$5.00 

For Two Month's Rent, 

wit li liberal terms for the ult imate pur- 
chasing alter rent ing. Those who are 
not familiar wit h the wonderful curat ive 

work of the Eleetropoise should write 
for booklet giving full particulars. The 
Eleetropoise indorsed by thousands in 
every walk of life all over the country. 

Dubois & webb, 

Chamber of Commerce Il'lding, 
NASHVILLE, - • - TENN. 

In these days of progress and the build- 
ing of gieal iioiises. it will be an item of 
interest to know that "the largest plate 
glass mirror in the world" was brought 
from Belgium to New York City recent- 
ly. It is V2x\'i'/i feet and V/i inches 
thick. 



IV 



Confederate l/eterap. 



[Notice* under thia heading will be inserted 
at 20 cents per tine each insertion.] 

TJLL kinds of adveitisins; matter carefully dis- 
r\ trhiuted. Cards, etc.. nailed lip. Satisfac- 
tion guaranteed. Write for terms and referen- 
ces. Jambs L. Hill, Manager, 3l6|i Deaderick 
61., Nashville, Tenn. 

WAN'TED-The public to know that we are 
headquarters for the sale of all kindsof fer- 
tilizers, nnd Hint we also pay the lushest prices 
for dry bones. J. F. & W. H. Sinuer, »SJ North 
College Street. 

\A/TIM r I 7 I7n A " good Southerners to con- 
VVrUN I EJU, tinne to secure first-class 
Teachers— Music. Literary and Art— from THE 
SilDTHEKN TKAOIIBRS' BUREAU OF EDUCATION, 
618 S. College St., Xa-hviile. Tenn. Positions 
filled in twenty-four hours from receipt ojyonr 
letter or telegram. 

Ladies and 
Ge tlemen: 

If you would liv to a 
ripe old age, au be 
healthy all th, e, 

remember this fa . 
that 

Hodge'sSarsaparilla 

makes pare red blood, 
a clear skin, and gives 
you perfect health. 

Write for article on 
the blood, and testi- 
monials of cures. 

Hodge's Sarsaparilla, 

GREAT SOUTHERN BLOOD PURIFIER. 

$1 Per Bottle. 

For sale by all druggists, or delivered upon 
receipt of price. 

SPURLOCK-NEAL CO.. 
i-94-iy. Nashville. Tenn. 

The Miami Medical College, 

Of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Regular Session Begins Oct. 1, 1895. 




Send for Catalogue. All inquiries receive 
prompt attention. 

POSITIONS GUARANTEED 

under reasonable conditions. Do not say it can 
not be done, till yon send for free catalogue of 

DRAUQHON'S PRACTICAL 



ftedfrtve-dd 



Nashville, Tenn. 

This College is strongly endorsed by banker 
and merchants. FOUR weeks by Draughon's 
method of teaching bookkeeping is equal to 
TWELVE weeks by the old plan Special ad- 
vantages in Shorthand, Penmanship and Teleg- 
raphy. Cheap board. Open to both sexes. No 
vacation. Enter now. Railroad Fare Paid. 

lift MB CTniW We have recertly prepared 
flUUlLi OlUUI. books on Bookkeeping, 
Shorthand and Penmanship especially adapt- 
ed to "home study." Write for ■' Home Study " 
circulars at once. 




WE PRESENT HEREWITH 

lylr) e/irjrjuetl ©taferrjerji 



of the MICHIGAN MUTUAL LIFE 
INSURANCE CO., and in connec- 
tion therewith the following 

SUMMARY: 

Insurance written in 1894, - $6.2S4.713.n5 
Increase of Assets. - - - - {400,87494 
Increase of Surplus. - - - - $32,i'21.75 
Total amount paid Policy Hold- 
ers since Organization, - - $5,264,936.55 

OFFICERS: 

0. R. LOOKER. President. 
JAS. H. CUMMINS. Secretary. 



Agents wanted throughout the State. Liberal 
commission. Apply for literature to 

J. H. JAMESON. General Agent. 

Nashville. Tenn. 



'ublislier of The Veteran carries a 
$10,000 policy in this Company. 

Helen's Transfer and Storage Co. 

EVERYTHING MOVED AND STORED. 

Special atteution given to Roxtng Pianos, 
Packing Furniture, Pictures, Fine China, etc., 
for Shipment, and Moving Iron Safes. Tel. 941. 



Residence: — 420 S. Front St., Nashville, Tenn. 
Office:— Manlove it Co., 212 N. College. 
Sjy 

(Established Nashville, Tenn., 1868.) 

DO YOU CHEW? IF YOU CHEW, 

YOU CAN CHEW 

,!« Florida Fruit Gum, or 
u Cld Fashioned Sweet Gnm. 

Val. is an old Confed. soldier, 7th Ga. Reg., Co. K. 

WANTED! 

OLD CONFED. & U. S. STAMPS, 



Will pay as much as $260 00 each for 
some varieties. Remove none from en- 
velopes. Send stamp for illustrated 
catalogue. J. M. BARTELS, 

7-6t. Alexandria, Va. 

THE GUARDIAN FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY 
OF TENNESSEE. 

(Main Office, Memphis.) 

A home company for home people. By insur- 
ing only the b"st people, the losses are lessened. 
Advisory Board in each county aids agents in 
selecting best moral risks. 

Are you tired of being put on ''the general 
average?" Policy holders participate in the 
Profits with stockholders. Profits yon have 
helped to send Kast have largely made it rich. 

Investigate, it will pay yon. For information 
call at the company's oftice. 
231 N. College McLESTER & CO., Agts. 



ARTIFICIAL LIMBS, 

With all the latest known improvements, at 
greatly reduced prices. Satisfaction guaran- 
teed. Send for circular. G.MATTHEWS, 
Cor. 4th Ave. & Market St., Louisville, Ky. 




[Firms and Institutions that may, be depen- 
ded upon for the prompt nnd safisfnetorp trans- 
act/On of business.] Mention the Veteran. 



MAUK1CE GUCK, 

ATTORNEY AT LAW, 

Room 54, Chamber Commerce Building, 

NA9UV1I.LE.TENN. 

BUNDLE & SON— Dealers in Furniture, 
Mattresses, nnd House Furnishings, No. 214 N. 
College St.. Nashville, Tenn. 

TEETH— Extracted, 25c; filled with silver 
75c; gold,?l to $2; with white filling, 75c: good 
set upper or lower. .$5: very finest, fully war- 
ranted and repaired without charge if broken, 
$7.50. For these, others charge $20. Teeth ex- 
tracted without pain. Representatives will vis- 
it monthly. Bell Buckle, Shelbyville, Franklin, 
Columbia. Clarksville. Watch local papers for 
dates. Persons from abroad can come to city 
in morning and wear new teeth home same day. 
Mention the Veteran. New York Dental Par- 
lors, Nashville, Tenn. 



ICE CREAM— The leading ice cream dealer 
of Nashville is C. H. A. herding. 417 Union St. 
Caters to weddings, banquets, and occasions of 
all kinds. Country orders solicited. 



BARBER SHOP AND BATHROOMS. 
:: C. BREYER, :: 

Russian and Turkish Bath 

FOR GENTLEMEN ONLY. 
No. 318 Church St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Nashville Spice Mills, 

J. W. THOMAS & SON, Proprietors, 

NASHVILLE, TENN 



To Oc/r Southern Friends : 

We would suggest that a useless expense is 
incurred by buying 50 cents Baking Powder. 
Tlie highest priced ingredient is Cream Tartar, 
to-day selling for 24 cents to jobbers. Thomas* 
Pure Baking Powder, manufactured bv J. W. 
Thomas & Son corner Cedar and Cherry Streets. 
Nashville, Tenn., is sold for 25 cents a pound 
and guaranteed the best. Try it. Agents wanted. 

Mention Tbe Veteran. 



Your Stationery 

^2 May be an indication of your g^~ 

- ~m business judgment. If you £X- 

-^g want it neat" and tasty and *^- 

-sm cheap. Get it done by 2^~ 

UNIVERSITY . PRESS, 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 



AU puiu banished by Br. Miles' Pain P'lls. 



DEAFNESS 

and Head Noises relieved by using 
Wilson's Common Sense Ear Drums. 

New scientific invention; different 
from all other devices. Theonly safe, 
simple, comfortable and invisible 
Ear Drum in the world. Helps where 
medical skill fails. No wire or string 
attachment. Write for pamphlet. 

WILSON EAR DRUM CO., 

fl - ra , I SIO Trust Bld ff ., LouUvllle, Ky. 
0itteeiu \ 1123 BrwiwaS , Bew \orlu 




Confederate 1/eteran. 



rruTJTJTJxnjxnJTj\rLnrLriJTJviJTJTj^rij-Lp 
..THE.. 5 

(jtfgia fbnn Induce 

.COMPANY- 
COLUMBUS. GEORGIA. 



Strongest and Largest Fire 
Insurance Company in the 
South. 

Cash Assets Over One Mil- 
lion Dollars. 

Agents throughout the South 
and the South only. 

Patronize the Home Com- 

c party, l-nr.-iy - 

thru LnxLTLnj-Lnju uu utj utj-u-u-u-ltu-u mro 

]>elix (SJetliey, • 

InteriDT'DEcnratDT end 
DBsigner. 

FrESCDing. Painting and Deco- 
rating nf ChurchES. Puhlic 
Halls, nr REsidEnces. 

B02TE8T WORK FOR HONEST PRICES. 

Portraits in Oil and Character Paint- 
ings from Life. 

Highest Testimonials. 

Correspondence Solictted. 

fcTTDIO ANH OFFICES: 

vkniwmk urn. dim;. 



* 



NASHVILLE. TENN. 





POZZONI'S 

COMPLEXION POWDER! 

h:is boon the standard for forty years and ' 
Is more popular Ui-dny than ever before. 

POZZOXPS 

I Is tho lilo.nl oomplexloD powder— beautifying 
. lotraly, hoaiihfui and harmless. 
| A delicate, Invbllilo pmtppi lun to the face. 

With evorj- box of POZZOKT8 n mas- 

iifCii-ciif Scovlll'fl (i(ILI> Pl'IT 
BOX Is plve-i frre of chnreo. 

AT Dnt'GQISTS and FANCY STORES. 




This pretty T.apel Button 

50 Cents, 

$4.50 per do/.en. Also, a nice 
line of Pins. Charms, Cuff 
Buttons, and other Confed- 
erate Kmhlems. Sen i for 
revised price list to jj^^M 
FRANK EDWARDS, ^11 
Dallas, Texas' 




©ne Country, 
. . . ®nc jFlacj." 

The 

BEST PLACE 
to Purchase 



Flacjs, Banners, Swords, Belts, Gaps, 

and all kinds of Militabt Equipment i -- at 

J. A. JOEL & CO., 

88 Nusiu Street, ... NEW YORK. 

SEND FOR PRICE LIST. 

OOOOOOOO OOOOOOOO OOOOOOOO OOOO OOOOOOOO OOCHTOTMW OOOOOOOO 

W. & R. R. R. I 

AND 

NASHVILLE, CHATTANOOGA & ] 
ST. LOUIS RAILWAY. 

I 3DA1LY TRAINS3 [ 

TO 

\ CHATTANOOGA. NASHVILLE. 

CINCINNATI. CHICAGO. 

MEMPHIS. ST. LOUIS. I 



..McKenzie 
..Route 

TO ARKANSAS AND TEXAS. 

rMlGRANT 

Urates 

The Atlanta Exposition will be thepreat- | 

5 est exhibition ever held in the United § 

I States, excepting the World's Fair, and I 

I the Round Trip Rates hare been made very § 

? low. l>o not fail to go and take the chif- | 

I dren. It will be a great education fur | 
I them. 

«#~For Map?, Folders and any desired f 
5 Information write to 

I J. L. BDMOKDSON, J. \V. IliCKS, 

Trav. Pars. Agt., Trav. Pass. Agt., | 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Atlanta, Ga. | 

I Jos. M. Brown, T.M., C.E.Hakmon,G.I\a., | 
Atlanta. Ga. 

doooooop MK>ooooooxM>ooooo™MiK)oooa)ox)oooowrrfH)04KKh'i 



LRNDIS BANKING GO. 

STOCKS BONDS AMD LOANS. 

Real Estate and Commercial Taper. 



i| 230 N. College St- Nashville, Tenn 

1- Weekly Stock Letter ott Applicati 



IJ 



•For Charity Suffereth Long. 




Mrs. Laura C. Phoenix, rtllwaukee. Wis. 

"Statron of a Benevolent Home 

and knowing the goo'd Dr. Miles' Nervine 
has done me, my wish to help others, over- 
comes my dislike for the publicity, this 
letter may give me. In Nov. acd Dec, 1893, 
Tlie inmate* had the "LaGrippe," 
and I was one of the first. Resuming duty 
too soon, witlj the care of so many sick, I 
did not regain my health, and in a month 
I became so debilitated and nervous 
from sleeplessness and the drafts made on 
my vitality, that it was a question if I could 
go on. A dear friend advisod me to try 
Dr. Miles' Restorative Kervine. 
I took 2 bottles and am happy to say, I am 
In better health than ever. I still continue 
Its occasional use, as a nerve food, 
as my work is vory trying, A letter ad- 
dressed to Milwaukee, Wis., will reach me." 
June 6, 1894. Mas. Laura C. Phoenix. 

Dr. Miles' Nervine Is sold on a positive 
guarantee that the first bottle will benefit. 
All druggists sell it at Jl.fi bottles for 15, or 
it will be sent, prepaid, on receipt of price 
by the Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, Ind. 

Dr. Miles' Nervine 

Restores Health 

The Girl is Out of Date that 
, Can't Sing 

iQl^ou^JooYour^. 

THE GREATEST S0N<; HIT 

written since '-After the Rail." Sunt; byJJbbev • 

Jaxvis. Cora Routt, and ail star Bingera? Bong 
In England. 

ONLY TWO MONTHS OLD 

and already Introduced Into every state in Mie 
Union. Sung in the phonographs. Send 10 cents 
and got a copy while it i> new. No discount to 
dealers. 

Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn. 




BUSINESS 



IW. US, And l.M N. 

rv 84. (Ciiiiil.eil»u.l 
I'le-IOlrnHti I'llbll.lllo. 

Block), Nashville, Tonn. 



College. 



A practical school of estnblished reputation. Bubu 
n«M nieu lecinuujeiid Ujih Uullese, YVnie fur free Uuia- 
logu«. Addnm E. W. J£NNINU8, PmoiriL, 



VI 



Confederate Veteran. 



'THE THIRD WORLD." 



Thefollowingeditorial paragraph from 
the Atlanta Constitution, was written 
by Wallace P. Reed, of whom John Tem- 
ple Graves wrote : ' His is the most elo- 
quent of Southern pens since Heury 
Grady's rested." 

In all the long list of holiday novels 
there is not one which excels in thril- 
ling interest, and which equals in the 
fascination of its style, "The Third 
World," Mr. Henry Clay Fairman's 
wonderful romance, which has just 
been issued in book form. It will de 
light thousands of readers. 

MAPLE SYRUP. 



If you want to know how to make, in 
a few minutes on your kitchen stove, at 
a cost of about 25 cents per gallon, a 
maple syrup pronounced equal to the 
'•Only Pure Old Vermont," which sells 
at $1.25 per gallon, send $1 with pledge 
to keep the same secret, and get the 
receipt. Address J. N. Lotspeich, Mor- 
ristown, Tenn. The* Gospel Advocate 
says : We have tried this syrup and 
recommend it. 

HAMILTON PARKS, 

ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR 
AT LAW, — -v 

ROOMS 53 AND 54, 
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BUILDING 

....NASHVILLE, TENN. 



THE AUTOHARP. 



TELEPHONE 1414. 



REFERS BY PERMISSION TO- 



Amer'cfln National Bank, Nashville, Tenn. 
Union Hank and 'trust Co., Nashville, Tenn. 
Geo. W. Me A I pin <o., Cincinnali, O. 
Col. H. E. Huntington, Gen. WananerN. N.&M. 
V. Co., Cincinnati, O. 9 94 ly 



The public will be pleased to learn 
that Mr. J. \V. Johnson, who is so well 
known to the patrons of the Market 
House, has leased the Southeast corner 
of that building in addition to his regu- 
lar stalls, and will in the future keep a 
sjock of fresh meats, hams, sausages, 
etc., unsurpassed by any. The Nash- 
ville Packing House supplies him, 
which fact tells that everything will be 
first-class. Free delivery, urbane sales- 
men, low' prices and the best the mar- 
ket affords will be the motto, of Mr. 
Johnson. may ly 



OXYSAL 5.<*> BPiwioM, 

■verr liousriioM. Thn. ,- n-.- iu upplleatlon or harmful In iti 

eiTocu.-.nl., , ihupvlll I I In iK« kl - - «b» lm dtamMd 

...,,.... iciho. . ■ ■ i l . appljtncU I B \l'- 
ICATE8 WRINKLES n ■ in ■ I u ■■ flrj & ■ ■■ ■■ III IfVrafci ill»Uoai 

Pimples. Tan, Blackheads and Sunburn 



I ..i .1 



Liulni 



noihiig in IfiR o wl Iiiitraftw«rr«n40r. .._. 

covering uo linmir!it<" Tun rllrftottahi tor use mmibpim Oxwwn — bymoiL 

One Month's Treatment Only 25 cents, 

or f.ir CO ceiitt I will send one month 'i treatment ntid Bell tbcMCh* ,vl{1 ' full dlrre- 
i tons tor mtt Kin ■ and inln?, rou trill then be aWe to prepare the Oxv*alt« youmlf 
»m.oontoll;»ilia.i^»caTrnr. L. U LaLUUUE, Station C, St- Louis, Mo. 



A G-ood-Natured Musical Instrument. 

"EASY TO PLAY." 

"The Autoharp encourages 
the musical effort of the per- 
son who is least musical, and 
will respond with harmonious 
chord to the touch of any- 
body It never is ill-tem- 
pered; practice cannot dis- 
turb those who listen, for it. 
knows no discords. People of 
more or less musical skill find 
it i harming in its simplicity, 
delightfully easy to become 
acquainted with and com- 
paniot able at all times, while 
it bathes the attempt of the 
skillful to find its. musical 
limitations " 

The Veteran will be sent 

one year free to any one 

ordering an Autoharp at any 

of the prices given. Nothing 

% could be more suitable for a 

(Style No. 2%,\ Price $5.00. Christmas gift. 




ABSOLUTELY FREE. 



Send us 50 cents for six months sub- 
scription to the Busy Bee, a handsome 
sixteen-page illustrated weekly, and we 
will send you by mail, charges prepaid, 
your selection of any three of the fol- 
lowingbound volumes: "Black Beauty," 
"The Reveries of a Bachelor," '"The 
Scarlet Letter," "Whittier's Poems," 
"Premium Cook Book," "Paul and Vir- 
ginia," "Litlla Rookh," "Longfellow's 
Poems." The books are 16mo size, with 
large sized type and printed on good 
paper. These books on market, would 
cost 25 to 50 cents each. Send 50 cents 
for 6 months subscription to the Busy 
Bee, and we will send your selection of 
any three of the above, volumes by mail 
postpaid and absolutely free. Address, 
Globe Press Bureau, 
14-11 South Penn Square, 

(City Hall Square.) 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

"HOT SHOTS" 

BT SAM JONES. 

A red hot book by the unique and 
original Sam Jones. Will sell at sight. 
Outfit consisting of full copy of book 
sent on receipt of $1.00. Agents wanted. 

SOUTHWESTERN PUB. HOUSE, 
Nashville. Tenn 




THE 

SOUTHERN 

RAILWAY 



-- GREATEST HIGHWAY OF TRADE AND TRAVEL, - 

Reaching the principal cities of the 
South with its own lines and penetrat- 
ing all parts of the Country with its 
connections. 

IT OFFERS to the TRAVELER 

Unexcelled Train Service. 
Elegant Equipment, Fast Time. 



Short Line Between the East, the North, 
the West and the South. 

W. A. Turk.G. P. A., Washington, l». C 

S. H. IIardwiok, A. G. P. A., Atlanta, Ga. 

C. A. Bensooter, A.G.P.A., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

The Youth's Companion 

AND 

THE VETERAN, 

Both one year for only $2 00 and a 50-cent Cal. 
entlar free. This offer is only to new subscribers 
to the Companion, but those reuewiug for the 
Veteran can take advantage of it 



Confederate tfeterai). 



VII 



LIFE OF G EN. ROB'T. E. LEE FOR CHILDREN. 

It is in Easy Words and Illustrated with Colored Plates, and is "Just the Book that has been Wanted." 



) 

\ 



" rM I ML- 



'.,- nvl 



0- (v 






mi* M * > 








Kill. I. It I A.M. 11 I. > -IK • ! II 1 li SJ A I. 1 I.N I. I ■< III A 1>1.1\ Hi. 

Address CONFEDERATE VETERAN. Nashville. Tenn. 



55 
i ill 



iV r "J 







Tripe of this 
book Toots., sent 
pos( paid, with 
the Veteran 
— rene wals or 
new subscrip- 
tions for $1.40. 

Sent free for a 
club of four sub- 
iers. 

T li e Soul hern 
C h u r c li in a n 
says: In writ- 
ing t his "Life of 
General Lee" for 

the children 
W h s e fill hers 
wore the gray, 
&1 r s. William- 
son, who is, liy 
the way a niece 

of Dr. Gessner 

I larrison. of t he 
U n I vers it y of 
Virginia, and a 
cousin o f J| rs. 
M ary Stun r t 
Smith, lias done 
an ex ee 1 1 e n t 
thing in an ad- 
mirable way. 



i.l N. LEE'S ANMin'Y AT (.iKTTYSUURG. 



WATCHES FOR "VETERAN WORKERS! 




To the iirst[2,000 Veteran workers or subscrib- 
ers, wlin between this and June 1st, 1896, send in nine- 
teen vearlv subscribers with SI. 00 for each name sent — 
and thirty-five cents extra to pay postage and registra- 
tion, we will send free one of the VETERAN Watches. 

This watch is 14, K., Gold filled. .It is Elgin 
movement, Chronometer balance, seven jewel, stem wind, 
stem set, hunting case. 

It will wear a lifetime, and is an elegant, valu- 
able timepiece. It will be furnished in either ladies' or 
gent's size. 

For three additional we will send watch and chain. 
Any hoy, or girl for that matter, can secure this 
premium in a few days' work — write for sample copies 
and subscription blanks immediately. 

ADDRESS 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 



VIII 



Qopfederate l/eterao. 



QIUl 



nj^JXTLTLnj^n ruTJTTUTJTJTnnn oruTjxnjTJTJi nr^^ 



nnp 




JAC^Ofl, JOflWpTOpl AflD LEE. 

THEREWITH is a good illustration of the 
J^ fine engraving - of the three famous 
Generals, Lee, J. E. Johnston and 
"Stonewall" Jackson. The price of 
the engraving, the print surface of which 
is 18x24 inches, in heavy panel 27x32, is 
$7.50. We will be pleased to supply this 
picture to camps or individuals at the price 
designated, or it will be sent as premium 
for fifteen subscriptions. 

This splendid picture would be the pride 
of every Confederate Veteran Camp in ex- 
istence, and nearly all of them could easily 
secure fifteen subscriptions for it. 
Address, 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, 

Nashville, Tennessee. 



THE JESSE FRENCH PIANO and ORGAN CO., 



-4^ 



•MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS.-> 



Are the Sole Representatives of the 
Famous 

(JOOOOOOOOOOOO 



STARR 



6(KKKH>OO<>0<KK><><K><K><KKKKK>OOOO<>0 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 




0<KKM>O<K><><><><>OO<>O<><>OO<K>O<><KK>0OO<) 

PIRNO. 



(JOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 




'■ I 



CKKH>OO0<>0<>OO0-0-CK>-<><X> 



That received the highest award of merit at 
the World's Fair. Chicago. 



% FOR FIVE POINTS OF SUPERIOR EXCELLENCE. ^ 

They are also Representatives of other Leading Makes of 

PIANOS and ORGANS of the WORLD, 

And sell direct to purchasers at factory prices, thus saving them all middle men's profit. 
Write to them before purchasing. A two-cent stamp may save you many dollars. 

JESSE FRENCH PIANO AND ORGAN CO., 

]>ieissl~i ville, TerT.ri 



«* 



I ■ ■ ■ ■ »«»MM»»»» ■■■■■■■■■■■I 



FEBRUARY. 1890. 



PATRIOTIC AND PROGRESSIVE. 



PRICE, 10 CENTS. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



PaiCK Jl 00 PKR YEAR, | 

in Advance. I 



Vol. IV. 



Nashville, Texx., February, 1896. 



No. 2. 



|S. A. CUXXIXUHAM 

Editor. 



Circulation: '93. 79.430. '94.121.64*. '95. 154.992. $1.00AYEAR. 




OFFICIAL ORGAN OF Till-; 

United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans and other Organizations. 



Embracing Nearly 1.000 Camps and Chapters with over 60.000 Members. 





^ ~'-'-»' i I i i i i i > i ' ■■ i m ■ ■ mimmIU h 



GRAND AUDITORIUM FOR CONFEDERATE REUNIONS IN NASHVILLE. 

Tennesseans"are to have, at their Annual Reunion this Fall, the Orphan Brigade, Morgan's Cavalry, and other Ken- 
tucky Confederate. Organizations. They will have, also, for General Reunion, United Daughters of the Confederacy. 



„.».»l».^*J rfWW^WWNW >;»i«Ht.» i» ^i » .»i».».».» . »iW i» .»* « . ».W. »i » i mwrnwrn T i 



J 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



fl 



ac\? &• Pendleton 

Ranl<ers and Rrol<ers 

45 Rroadway, New V ork 

/V\ embers -.— ...muuimiiiiudllllli.. 

New york S tock E*c han g e 
New y° rk Produce Exchange 
New V ork C otton E xchan se 
New VJork Coffee Exchange 



Ruy and sell S tocks . Ronds, Cotton, Grain and Coffee, 

for cash or on margin, allow interest on balances 

subject to sight draft ; 

Correspondence invited 



WHEN IN' NEW YORK 
STOP AT THE 



WESTMINSTER HOTEL. 



Situated in the heart 
f Che fat* h inn able 
hopping and annuo- 
unit districts, one 
ick from Broadway 
at Union Square, in 
the quiet and aristo- 
cratic neighborhood 
of Gramercy 1' a r k. 
\ n ideal family hotel. 
On the American plan. 
Cuisine noted for its 
excellence. 

Rooms single or rn 
sinlr, with p r i v a te 
bath. Rates moderate. 

WESTMINSTER 
HOTEL, 

Irving Place and n>ih 
91 . NK\v 'i OttE. 

K. N. as\ih,k. Prop. 
II. \V. SWOPK, of Ivy., 
Manager. 




NASHVILLE COLLEGE FOR YOUNG LADIES. 

Three Buildings Rooms lor 200 boarders. Forty Officers, Teachers and Lecturers. Session begins September 2. 1895 . 

in theVanderbilt University. Eminent Lecturers every season. 



Privilege* 



In Music two first- class musicians are in charge of the instrumental 

and vocal departments. With them are associated other teachers 

of fine culture and great skill in the production of the liest musical 

compositions. Pupils enjoy advantages in hearing the highest style 

of music. 
(»nr Art Department Is in the finest studio of the city, beautifully 

lighted, and amply supplied with models. Pupils enjoy from lime 

to time advantage* for seeing and studying best art works, such as 

oan be found only in a progressive and wide-awake city. 
For Scientific Studies our classes have the privilege of attending the 

lectures of Vanderbilt Professors in the Laboratories of Chemistry, 

of Physics, and of Natural nistory. giving access to the splendid 

resources of the leading institution of the South. 
i>ur Gymnasium is fully equipped for its work. Every species of 

apparatus requisite for full development of the bodily organs is 

here provided for our rjouriahiug classes. Both the Sargent aud the 

Swedish Gymnastics taught. 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE, FJEV. GEO. W. F. PRICE. D.D., Pres., 108 Vauxhall Place. Nashville, Tenn 



Our Literary Schedule embraces a scheme of education extending 
over a period of four years, and a mode of training which is in 
advance of competition. 

A Kindergarten is in connection with the College; also training elaot 
for teachers and mothers who desire to learn Frcebel's principles of 
child-culture. 

The Best Elocutionary Training under the care of Prof. Merrill, ol 
Vanderbilt University, who enjoys a national reputation. Teacher' 
desiring instruction are invited to try this course. 

Practical Education is provided for pupils who dei ire to learn I>res* 
cutting and fitting. Stenography, Typewriting and Bookkeeping. 

Magnificent New Building 108x68 feet, facing on Broad and on Vaux 
hall streets, live stories, grand rotunda, fine elevator, steam heat, 
ample parlors. This completes aud crowns the work. 

An Unparalelled Growth from obscurity to national fame, from flfn 
pupils to begin with to over 4,000 from half the Union. 



WATCHES* FOR VETERAN® WORKERS! 




To the first 2,000 VETERAN workers or subscrib- 
ers, who between this and June 1st, 1896, send in nine- 
teen yearly subscribers with SI. 00 for each name sent 
and thirty-five cents extra to pay postage and registra- 
tion, we will semi free one of the VETERAN Watches. 

This watch is 14, K., Gold filled. It is Elgin 
movement. Chronometer balance, seven jewel, stem wind, 

stem set, hunting case. 

It will wear a lifetime, and is an elegant, valu- 
able timepiece. It will be furnished in either ladies' or 

gent's size. 

For three additional we will send zvatch and chain. 
Any boy, or girl for that matter, can secure this 
premium in a few days' work— write for sample copies 
and subscription blanks immediately. 

ADDRESS 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 



<?09federat^ V/e tera 17. 



Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 



Price, 10 Cents. / ,. , T y 
TEiRLT,*!. I v ol. 1\ . 



Nashville, Tenn., February, 1896. 



No. 2. 



S.A.CUNNINGHAM 

Editor. 



Entered at the postoffice, Nashville. Tenn.. as second-class matter. 

Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or $20 a year, except 
last page. One page, one time, special. $to. Discount: Half year, one 
tasoe; one year, two issues. This is an increase on the former rate. 

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is too 
Important for anything that has not special merit. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month hrforr it ends. 
For instance, if the Veteran beorder'ed to begin with January. the data on 
mail list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



The "civil war" wa9 too long ago to be called the "late'' war am) when 
correspondents use that term tin- word "great" (wari will l»e substituted. 

So many persons have recently sought for com- 
plete files of the Vetkran that an offer is made to 
extend the subscriptions of any who have preserved 
their files as many years ahead. If those who 
have partial files that they would spare, and will 
kindly give notice of the dates, the same arrange- 
ment may be made. 



The superb auditorium on front page will interest 
comrades who contemplate reunions in Nashville. 

The Orphan Brigade, Morgan's Cavalry, and oth- 
er Kentucky Confederates, and the United Daughters 
of the Confederacv have engaged to hold their re- 
union here this fall. And the next reunion of Uni- 
ted Confederate Veterans will be urged at Richmond. 

The eminent evangelist, Dwight L. Moody, hold- 
ing a meeting here now, spoke of the "splendid 
building," without which he "should not have 
thought of coming to Nashville." He told of its 
value to the city, and the pride that all should 
take in it. He held a meeting in the Carnegie Hall 
sometime since, and the expense was $600.00 per 
day. A hall for a thirty days' meeting in Chicago 
cost $.}(», 000— $1,000 per day. As a matter of local 
importance friends of the Tabernacle are reminded 
of the great need for completing the gallery whereby 
sittings for 2,000 more people will be secured. 

To Capt. T. G. Ryman is Nashville indebted for it. 



Recent deaths of Southern men remarkable and 
well-known are recorded in the Veteran. Wm. M. 
Cocke, of the old family for which a Tennessee 
county was named, a refined, elegant, Christian 
gentleman, died in Nashville recently. Col. Cocke 
was a member of Congress fift\- years ago, of which 
membership there are but a half dozen or so now 
living. His last visit to the Veteran office hap- 
pened to be when "Uncle Dan" Emmet was present, 



and the two octogenarians enjoyed a long confer- 
ence with each other. 

Rev. Dr. T. C. Blake, eminent for many years in 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and whose 
nephews, W. S. and Ed. R. Bearden, were valiant 
Confederates, died at his home, near Nashville. 

Bishop Atticus G. Haygood, of Georgia, one of 
the ablest advocates the Southern people had, is of 
the list. His death was not unexpected for he had 
previous attacks of paralysis to the fatal one, but it 
was a great loss to the M. E. Church, South, and 
to his race. 

He was criticised for expressions in "Our Brother 
in Black," but his independent and heroic vindica- 
tion of and loyalty to his own people, regardless of 
advantage to himself, reacted to his honor and 
those wo knew him best honored him most. 

Mr. Shadrach Inman, of Atlanta, but a native of 
Eastern Tennessee, died this month, in his eighty- 
fourth year. This has been a remarkable family- 
It is of Scotch-Irish origin. Before the war he had 
accumulated a fortune of perhaps $100,000, but he 
was prosecuted by East Tennessee Unionists for sixty 
thousand dollars "for giving aid and comfort to Con- 
federate soldiers." He once had an encounter with 
forty bushwhackers, who robbed him of all he had. 
His older sons, Samuel M. and John H. Inman were 
Confederate soldiers. 

After the war the family reunited in Atlanta, and 
with them James Swann, a young Confederate, from 
the Dandridge vicinity, (East Tennessee). Mr. Wm. 
H. Inman, a brother, and Gen. Austell, opened a 
cotton house in New York City, taking with them 
John II. Inman and James Swann as clerks, who 
have for several years past been the largest cotton 
dealers in the world. 

These Inmans have been the most successful 
family, in a business way, that ever belonged to the 
South. The late Wm. H. Inman, brother of Shad- 
rach, told the writer of having made $125,000 the 
dav that he was sixty years old. The accumulated 
millions of the two generations have enabled them 
to control larger corporations than any other men 
of the South in the history of the country. The 
three sons, John H., of New York, Samuel M. and 
Hugh T. Inman, of Atlanta, are all of large wealth, 
and prominent actors in the affairs of life. 



34 



Confederate Vetera?. 



There are 235 separate subscriptions to the Sam- 
uel Davis Monument Fund and the amount is seven 
hundred and one ($701.40) 7 4 ff dollars. 

Comrades: Are you content to omit contributing 
a share to the honor of that private Confederate 
soldier whose sacrifice was complete? The great 
war did not furnish a record that will shine so 
beautifully in the ages to come. A subscriber said, 
on giving his dollar recently, that it was the first 
opportunity he ever had had of contributing- to the 
honor of an individual private soldier and he would 
not miss it. Do let us do what we can in this. 



The ladies of Richmond in charge of the Jeffer- 
son Davis Mansion — the Confederate White House 
— will soon have it open to the public. 

A recent issue of the Times announces that 
Mrs. Joseph Bryan, the president, has appointed a 
committee, consisting of Mrs. Hotchkiss, Mrs. Col- 
ston, Mrs. Grant, and Mrs. Putney, with Mr. 
Hotchkiss, Judge Christian, and Colonel Cutshaw 
as an advisory board, to report a plan for the ap- 
pointment of rooms to the various Confederate 
States. Their report was received and approved. 

The Southern Historical Society has been invited 
to occupy two rooms on the first floor, and the invi- 
tation has been accepted. 



THE LATE MISS HARRIET MARSHALL. 



The Veteran digresses from its rule in makinar 
notes about comrades, their wives, who suffered with 
them, and their children, to pay tribute to Miss 
Harriet Marshall, who died recently in Nashville. 
Although of New England parentage, this fair 
girl, born in Tennessee, was ardently devoted to the 
adopted home of her parents, and while a traveler 
in nearly every part of the civilized world, it was 
known to be her wish that she be buried here in her 
native Tennessee, should she die elsewhere. The 
first number of the Veteran, three years ago, was ed- 
ited from a sick room [this one from circumstances al- 
most similar] when this good girl and her mother were 
quickly thoughtful, as was their custom, in sending 
expressions of sympathy and delicacies to the editor's 
hotel. Besides, her ever constant expressions of 
interest and pleasure in the Veteran make it fitting 
that tribute be paid to her noble character. 

Although advanced in the twenties, she is still 
remembered as a child on some sunny slope among 
daisies in the spring time, an ideal picture of happi- 
ness. Although an only child, without knowledge 
of want, save continued health— which had delayed 
her marriage — she was considerate of the poorest 
and seemed ever anxious to give good cheer, espe- 
cially to such. This appreciation was shown at her 
funeral, the aisles even being filled with friends, 
rich and poor, white and black. 

After completing a three years' 'course at Vassar 
College, where her accomplishments in literature 
and in music were very high, she made several 



journeys to Europe and an extensive tour of the 
Holy Land, from which she brought a multitude of 
large photographic views, and these she would 
take up in the order of the tour and describe so 
vividly that friends became interested next to hav- 




ing been with her there. She was a diligently- 
studious traveler and ever seemed anxious to impart 
to others a share of the benefits she had received. 
Her father, Mr. Andrew Marshall (of Marshall 
and Bruce) is widely known through the South. 

Omission occurred of the South Carolina Gen- 
erals from the list furnished by Charles Edgworth 
Jones, page 47, until too late for insertion in its 
place. There were three Lieutenant-Generals, four 
Major-Generals, and twenty-seven Brigadier Gener- 
als — thirty-four in all. 

In Mr. Jones' "Barriers Burned Away," page 
43, "so" should appear just a^ter the first word in 
last stanza. 

Corrections in the Hogan sketch of Marengo, Ala., 
Rifles likewise are made. James Boozer was killed 
atPetersburg, John Carter was killed at the "Crater" 
and Sam Carter was killed at Frazier's Farm. Henry 
Brame was paroled. 



It is painful to chronicle the death of Dr. W. 
M. Hoover, an old Confederate soldier. His first 
service was with the Eighteenth Tennessee, after- 
wards transferred to the First Confederate Regi- 
ment as assistant Surgeon. He was faithful and 
true to the end. Born, married and died in Ruther- 
ford County, Tennessee. All who know him attri- 
bute to his memory the greatest of all earthly dig- 
nities — that of having been "a good citizen." 



Confederate Vetera^. 



35 



ABOUT SAMUEL DAVIS. 



Testimony to his Noble Character — Honors 
Paid to His Memory B\ r Union Soldiers. 



At the January meeting- of the Tennessee Histor- 
ical Society, Mr. John C. Kennedy told the story of 
events in connection with Samuel Davis' death and 
burial at his home, which he states as follows: 

By request, I write, after a lapse of thirty-three 
years, my recollection of the scenes and incidents at- 
tending- the going for, the taking- up, and conveying 
of the body of Samuel Davis to his parents near 
Smyrna, Tenn. Mr. and Mrs. Davis were not cer- 
tain that it was their SOD who had been executed at 
Pulaski. The} - had made diligent efforts through 
various channels to trace the "Grape Vine" story 
that it was their Sam, but were not assured. At List 
the time was set to start on the search; Mrs. Davis 
gave me a piece of plaid linsey of that used for his 
jacket lining, and also described his boots, and told 
of other things that only a good and loving- mother 
could have thought about. She was interrupted oc- 
casionally by suggestions from Mr. Davis. 

The start was made with two mules hitched to a 
very heavy carryall. We had a meal sack containing 
a boiled ham and about a half bushel of corn pones, 
on which their son Oscar, a small boy who was 
to accompany me, and I were to live while gone. 

We reached Nashville that evening too late to yet 
a pass, but I procured a metallic case and box and 
had them put in the conveyance. The next morn- 
ing I went to Gen. Rousseau, who declined to give 
me a pass and sent me to Gen. Grant's Adjutant 
General, who kindly and politely, but positively re- 
fused also, replying- to all my pleadings for his 
mother's sake: "No sir! No sir! No sir!"' 

I then returned to Gen. Rousseau, whom I had 
known in Kentucky in my boyhood days, and again 
asked for a pass, which, alter some boyhood remi- 
niscences not necessary to repeat, he supplied me 
for myself, the boy ami team to Columbia, which 
was as far as his lines extended, telling me that was 
all he could do. I gladly accepted the pass, which 
was written on a piece of paper elegantly printed, 
and looked like a large bank note. 

We entered the lines at Columbia and drove 
straight through town, not stopping until we reached 
the picket on the other side, who, after looking over 
our pass, but could not read it, and seeing- the coffin 
and small boy, permitted us to goon. The same 
thing- occurred when we reached the picket at Pu- 
laski, who permitted us to enter the town. When 
near the Square, I left Oscar to hold the mules while 
I went to the Provost Marshal to get a pass or find 
out what he would do with us. His office was in 
the court house. He asked how I got into Pulaski, 
and I handed him Gen. Rousseau's pass. He looked 
Up and curtly remarked: "This is no account here. 
What do you want?" I told him I had come for the 
body of Sam Davis who had been hanged: that his 
parents wanted it at home. 

His manner at once changed and, extending his 



hand, he said: "Tell them, for me, that he died the 
bravest of the brave, an honor to them and with the 
respect of every man in this command." He then 
asked what more he could do to help me. I requested 
return passes and a permit to take up the bod}-, 
which he cheerfully gave. I also asked if he 
thought I would have any trouble or interference 
while I was at the graveyard: and he replied: "No 
sir. If you do, I'll give you a company — yes, a reg- 
iment if necessary." 

Taking: advantage of his cordial words. I asked 
him how Sam was captured; as Mr. Davis had re- 
quested me to spare no pains to find out how and 
when he was taken. lie said he did not know any 
of the particulars, but showed me two books in 
which records were kept in his office, and the only 
entry, after giving his name and description, was, as 
I remember, "Captured on the Lambs Ferry road by 
Capt. McKenzie's scouts." 

Before leaving home I was referred tor assistance, 
if necessary while in Pulaski, to a Mr. Richardson, 
who had been I if not then I the County Court Clerk. 
We found him willing and ready to aid all in his 
power. The grave digger agreed to take the body- 
up for $20. The next morning he, together with 
his assistants, Mr. Richardson, Oscar, and I were 
busy at the grave when four or live Federal 
soldiers came up. One of them advanced to me, 
raising his cap politely, and, in a subdued tone of 
voice, proffered for himself and comrades to assist, 
if desired. I thanked him sincerely, for I did not 
know what their presence might mean, but declined 
their services. When the box was raised and the 
lid removed the cap of white was still over his head 
down to his neck, tied with long strings, which 
were wrapped around his neck two or three times 
His boots were on, but the legs cut off at the ankles, 
I took from my pocket the piece of his jacket 
lining and saw that they were alike. When I re- 
moved the cap I found the face was black, but 
recognizable. We then transferred the body to the 
metallic case. During all the time the body was 
being examined and transferred the Federal soldiers 
stood in line with < .i]>s oil. paj ing tribute in acts, ii 
if not words. Upon our return from thecemetery, the 
Provost Marshal said the Chaplain, who was with 
Sam at the gallows, had some keepsakes for the 
mother and father. He gave me a little book, in 
which was a farewell message to his mother, and 
the buttons from his coat and vest. 

The Chaplain told me that when at the scaffold, 
sitting on his coffin, he talked to him about meeting 
his God, that he showed no fear nor uneasiness. 
While in the conversation an officer came up an 
said: "Mr. Davis, I suppose you have not forgotten 
('.en. Dodge's offer." Sam. not raising- his head, 
said: "What is that?" The officer replied: "Your 
horse and side arms, and an escort to the Confed- 
erate lines, if you will tell who gave you those 
papers." Sim then replied, still not raising- his 
head: "I'll die a thousand deaths before I will tell." 

The officer then said: "Mr. Davis, I have one 
more question to ask." Sam said: "What is it?" 
"I want to know if you are the man my scouts 
chased so close on Tuesday night that you crossed 
the road in front of them, beating their horses in 



36 



Confederate l/eterai). 



the face with jour hat, but got away? Were you 
the man?" 

The Chaplain says he threw his head back and 
looking at the officer said, in a quick, sharp tone of 
voice, "How do you know that?" 

The Captain answered, "Its sufficient I know 

it. Are you the man?" 

Sam dropped his head in a moment and replied 
quietly, "I have nothing to tell you." 

Sam's deliberation was clear even then, that if he 
confessed it was he, it would implicate some one 
who had been kind to him. 

In a few more minutes, without sign of fear or 
weakness, was ended a life that was an honor to his 
family, country and to the human race. 

After leaving Pulaski some miles. Oscar com- 
plained of being hungry, but the child was sickened 
by the odor from the unsealed casket, on which 
we were seated. 

He tried the bread and meat, but his stomach 
would not retain it. Before we reached home, how- 
ever, he had lost his squeamishness — hunger pre- 
vailed. 

We stopped the first night near Lynnville. When 
we got to the river near Columbia, we found the 
officer in charge of troops at this point had ordered 
ferry boats stopped, and there was no way to cross 
except by fording, as the pontoon they were con- 
structing would not be ready that morning. 

I left the conveyance and mules with Oscar, cau- 
tioning him not to talk to any body while I would 
go and see the officer. He was standing on the 
river bank when I approached him and explained 
my errand. 

He immediately turned to an orderly and said, 
"Go down and order the ferry boat to take that 
team and corpse over the river." 

I thanked him and started back, when I saw the 
conveyance completely surrounded by soldiers. It 
was a very steep descent to the ferry, and I went to 
the head of the mules, taking hold of the bridles to 
hold them back while going down the hill, when 
the soldiers said, "Stranger, we know who this is. 
You get in the wagon; we'll see it goes down safe," 
and so they did. They practically carried the 
wagon aboard the boat, and would not leave it 
when we landed on the north side. The hill was 
steeper to go up than the one we came down. They 
ordered me to sit there and drive, and again they 
all got a hand or a shoulder somewhere and pushed 
us to the top of the hill, and when thanked them 
they quietly raised their caps. Without further in- 
cident we reached Nashville, and drove to where 
the Adams Express Company's office now is, which 
was then where our present townsman, Mr. Cor- 
nelius, had his undertaking establishment, and 
turned the body over to him, with specific instruc- 
tions about the shrouding. Mr. Davis had said to 
me, "If you think it is best that Jane and I should 
not see him, do as you think best about the matter. 

On the evening of the seventh day after leaving 
home we drove in the big gate, some distance from 
the house. Mr. and Mrs. Davis were watching, 
and when they saw the casket, Mrs. Davis threw 
her arms above her head and fell. All was sorrow 
in that home. I had a boy catch my horse to go 



home to see my old mother and father, and change 
clothing, etc., but Mr. Davis prevailed upon me to 
stay and send for what I needed. 

The next morning, while standing out in ths 
yard, Mr. Davis came to me, hesitated, then catch- 
ing his breath almost between each word, said, 
"John, don't you think it's hard a father can't see 
the face of his own child?" 

I replied that I thought it best that he and Mrs. 
Davis should remember him as they saw him last. 
He turned and left me. I drove the carryall that 
afternoon, with the body across the creek to the old 
family grave-yard where he was buried. 

In a short time my mother died, and Mr. Davis 
sent over the same vehicle that had brought Sam's 
body home to take her body to the grave, and when 
the boy who drove it over started to get up to drive 
it to the grave, Mr. Davis stepped up and, shaking 
his head, said, "No — no — nobody but I can drive 
that. Get down, and let me get up there," and he 
did. He was a worthy sire of a noble son. 



Supplemental to Mr. Kennedy's reminiscence, 
Oscar Davis has written to the Vetekan his recol- 
lections of that event. They concur closely with 
those of Mr. Kennedy. He states that while Mr. 
Kennedy was gone to the hotel to get some things, 
some of the Federal soldiers drove up and asked if 
that was the body of the young man who was hanged 
not long since, and being told that it was, some of 
them shed tears, and said: "He ou^ht not to have 
been hung, and we will have to suffer for it sooner 
or later." 

SAMUEL DAVIS' SISTER-IN-LAW. 

Mrs. Kate Kyle of LaVergne, Tenn., who was a 
Miss Patterson and married John G. Davis, an older 
brother, writes: 

Sam Davis came on his last trip from the South to 
my home Nolensville Pike a little before day- 
light Sunday morning. He said he would then go 
to Rains' thicket and that I must take his breakfast 
and horse feed; also my cousin Miss Robbie Wood- 
ruff must go with me, and spend the day. 

We found him up, looking as bright as if he had 
slept all night, and, oh, he did enjoy his good warm 
breakfast, for we rode fast and had his coffee in a 
jug to keep it warm. 

Two of my little brothers brought our dinner and 
we spent a nice, pleasant Sunday together — the last 
he spent on earth but one. 

On Monday, Oscar Davis, Sam's brother, carried 
him a lot of nice things to eat. He found Sam fast 
asleep with his head resting on a grape vine for a 
pillow, but he was up in a minute with his pistol in 
hand, ready to defend himself. 

Sam gave me a list of article* to get for him in 
Nashville. I got in my buggy with cousin, and 
started for Nashville, got everything he wished, 
also a lot of the latest newspapers. We lived nine 
miles from Nashville, got back about sundown, and 
that night Sam started for the South. 

In the large seat of my buggy I would often bring 
out cavalry saddles, bridles, boots, spurs, gray cloth, 



Confederate Ueterap. 



37 



and I smuggled medicines such as quinine, mor- 
phine, etc. I 
have brought 
$500 and $600 
worth of medi- 
cine out at one 
time around my 
waist. Quinine 
and morphine 
were very high. 
I always kept on 
the good side of 
the Commanding 
General and 
could get passes 
when I desired to 
do so. 

I went to Nash- 
ville very often, 
so I always kept 
posted; had many 
confidential 
friends t h e r e, 
always ready to 
help m e wli e n 
asked. After the 
war, Capt. H. B. 
Shaw, or "Cole- 
man," made our 
house his home 
until the fall of '(>'>, when he persuaded Sam's father 
and my husband, John G, Davis, to purchase a steam- 
boat called the David White, a very large, tine 
steamer valued at $150,000, and in 18i>7. February 
17th, this boat was blown up on the Mississippi 
River below Helena, Ark., and many lives were 
lost, among the number my precious husband and 
Captain Shaw. Before the war Shaw was a steam- 
boat captain. 

He told us that from his cell window in the Pu- 
laski jail he saw them start with Sam Davis to the 
gallows. He said the papers that Sam had were 
stolen from Gen. Dodsre's table, while he was at a 
meal, by a negro boy that once belonged to Mr. Bob 
English, near Lynnville, gave them to him. 




MliS. KATK KYLE. 



In subscribing fifty dollars to a monument for 
Samuel Davis, President Thomas, of the Nashville, 
Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway, desires its use 
at Murfreesboro, Davis' native county town, and 
offers any spot that may be selected in the park 
about the depot there. The Veteran has stated: 

"Then a beautiful granite monument might be 
erected in the town of Murfreesboro, the county seat 
of Rutherford, honored by his nativity. That 
should be located close by the railway station hav- 
ing the nicest park of any depot in Tennessee. If 
there, tens of thousands could see it. Let that be 
as fine as contributions of outsiders who choose that 
location, together with county and town pride can 
make it." 

lion. John II. Savage, offers five dollars and adds: 

I suggest a suitable place for this monument 

would be on the battlefield of Murfreesboro, on the 

north side of the railroad, at a place equally distant 



from the point where Stones River turns northeast 
from the railroad to a point opposite to, and on the 
other side of, the railroad from the Federal cemetery. 
The Veteran has already stated that there shoud 
be monuments in Murfreesboro and Pulaski, but it 
concurs with three fourths of the contributors that 
the principal monument should be at the Capital of 
Tennessee. It is sentimental to contribute to the 
perpetuation of that noblest character in American 
history. Thousands would have done as Sam 
Davis did, no doubt, but he, only, was put to such a 
test, and he was equal to the demand. 

J. A. Enslow, Jr.. Jacksonville, Fla.: Enclosed 
find one dollar to help perpetuate the fame of the 
hero, Sam Davis. 

Dr. L. T. Jones, Commander of Camp Walker, 
Franklin, Ky., reports that at their last meeting, it 
was resolved to contribute to President Jefferson 
Davis' Monument, Richmond; the Samuel Davis 
Monument, Nashville; and to the Southern Battle 
Abbey, wherever located. 

J. S. Lauderdale, Llano, Texas: I send my mite 
of one dollar (wish I could send one hunlred) for 
the Sam Davis Monument, than which none otha 
ever was, or will he orrlrd to commemorate a purer 
patriot, hero or man. Old Tennessee, (my native 
State i, ought to be, and doubtless is, proud of her 
Hero Son, for he was the peer of any other, either 
■ >! ancient or modern days. 

N. P. Davidson, Wrightsboro, Texas, sends a 
dollar for the Monument, and says: While I am 
fully conscious that Pulaski has good reasons for 
wiahing the Samuel Davis Monument located there, 
at the same time, I think it should be placed where 
it would be seen by the greatest number of people, 
thereby inspiring future generations with that same 
spirit of patriotism and constancy to friends that 
caused Samuel Davis to give up his life. There- 
fore I will name Nashville as the proper place. 

J. F. Maull, Elmore, Ala., in sending renewal 
for himself and G. G. Jackson, of Wetumka, Ala., 
sends also a dollar each for Sam Davis Monument, 
and writes: It is useless for me to say that you can 
always count on me and Jackson for any and every 
thing that is connected with the Confederate 
Veteran. We "fought, bled and died" together dur- 
ing our army life; were captured together, were to- 
gether in our prison life, and when that life became 
too severe for us, we simply made our escape like 
good soldiers ought, from Elmira, N. Y., and walk- 
ed home together. Thus it is that you find our 
money going in together, and it will be so until 
one or the other goes to be with the immortal heroes 
who are "resting under the shade of the trees." 

No more honored list of names can be collected 
than those who give money to his monument, and 
the more remote from Tennessee the more honored. 

The following named subscribers to the monu- 
ment Fund are omitted from list on page 38: 

Cayce, J. K , Hammond, Texas, 50 cents; Beers, 
B. F. and Rowan S., Burton, Ala., collectively $1, 
and Hughes, E. S., Allisona, Tenn., 25 cents. 

It is very desirable that all contrbutors try and 
make the sum as much as a dollar. 



38 



Confederate l/eterag. 



FOR SAMUEL DAVIS' MONUMENT. 



Allen. Jos. W., Nashville $100 00 

Arnold, J. SI., Newport, Ky 1 00 

Arthur, James R., Rockdale, Tex.... 1 00 

Asbury. A. E., Higglnsvllle, Mo 1 00 

Atkisson, Marsh, Seattle, Wash 2 00 

Ashbrook, S., St. Louis 100 

Askew, H. G.. Austin, Tex 1 00 

Barry, Capt. T. H., Oxford, Ala 1 00 

Bell, Capt. W. E., Richmond, Ky 1 00 

Biles, J. C, McMlnnvllle, Tenn 3 00 

Blakemore, J. H.. Trenton 100 

Bonner, N. S., Lott, Tex 1 00 

Browne, Dr. M. S., Winchester, Ky... 1 00 

Brown, John C. Camp, El Paso, Tex. 5 00 

Brown, H. T., Spears, Ky 1 00 

Brown, W. A., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Bruce, J. H., Nashville 5 00 

Bush, Maj. W. G., Nashville 2 00 

Carglle, J. F.. Morrisville, Mo 1 50 

Calhoun, Dr. B. F.. Beaumont. Tex... 1 00 

Calhoun, F. H., Lott, Tex 1 00 

Calhoun, W. B., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Cannon, Dr. J. P., McKenzie, Tenn.. 1 00 
Carnahan, J. C, Donnels Chapel, 

Tenn 1 00 

Cassell. W. H., Lexington, Ky 2 00 

Chadwick, S. W., Greensboro, Ala.... 1 00 

Cheatham, W. B., Nashville 100 

Cheatham, Maj. J. A., Memphis 1 00 

Coffey, W. A., Scottsboro, Ala 100 

Cohen, Dr. H., and Capt T. Yates col- 
lected, Waxahatchie, Tex 14 00 

Coleman, Gen. R. B., McAlester, I. T. 1 00 

Cook, V. Y., Elmo, Ark 2 00 

Cooper, Judge John S., Trenton 1 00 

Cunning-ham, P. D., Mexican Border. 1 00 

Cunningham, S. A., Nashville 5 00 

Dargan, Miss Alice W., Darlington, 

S. C 1 00 

Davis, Lafayette, Rockdale, Tex 1 00 

Davis, R. N., Trenton 1 00 

Davis, J. K., Dickson, Tenn 2 00 

Davis, J. E., West Point, Miss 1 00 

Davis, W. T., Nashville 100 

Davidson, N. P., Wrightsboro, Tex.. 1 00 
Daviess County C. V. Assn, Owens- 

boro, Ky 6 55 

Dean, J. J., McAlister, I. T 1 00 

Dean, M. J., Tyler, Tex 100 

Deason, James R., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Deerlng, Rev. J R., Harrodsburg, Ky 1 00 

Dixon, Mrs. H O., Flat Rock, Tenn.. 1 00 

Douglas, Mrs. Sarah C, Nashville.... 1 00 

Doyle, J. M., Blountsville, Ala 1 00 

Duckworth, W. S., Nashville 1 00 

Dudley, Maj. R. H., Nashville 25 00 

Durrett, D. L., Springfield, Tenn 1 00 

Dyas, Miss Fannie, Nashville 100 

Eleazer, S. D., Colesburg, Tenn.... 100 
Ellis, Capt. and Mrs. H. C, Harts- 

vllle. Tenn 2 00 

Embry, J. W.. St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Emmert, Dr. A. C, Trenton, Tenn.... 1 00 

Embry, Glenn, St. Patrick, La 100 

Enslow, J. A., Jr., Jacksonville, Fla.. 1 00 

Farrar, Ed H., Centralia, Mo 1 00 

Finney, W. D., Wrightsboro, Tex 1 00 

Fletcher, Mack, Denison, Tex 1 00 

Forbes Bivouac, Clarksvllle, Tenn.. 25 00 

Ford, A. B., Madison, Tenn 1 00 

Ford, J. W., Hartford, Ky 1 00 

Forrest, Carr, Forreston, Tex 2 00 

Foster, A. W., Trenton 1 00 

Foster, N. A., Jefferson, N. C 1 00 

Gay, William, Trenton 100 

Gibson, Capt. Thos., Nashville 1 00 

Giles, Mrs. L. B., Laredo, Tex 100 



Gooch, Roland, Nevada, Tex 1 00 

Goodlett, D. Z., Jacksonville, Ala 2 00 

Goodlett, Mrs. M. C, Nashville 5 00 

Goodloe, Rev. A. T., Station Camp, 

Tenn 10 00 

Gordon, D. M., Nashville 1 00 

Gordon, A. C, McKenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Graves, Col. J. M., Lexington, Ky.... 1 On 

Gray, S. L., Lebanon, Ky 1 00 

Green, Folger, St. Patricks, La 3 00 

Hall. L. B„ Dixon, Ky 1 00 

Hanrlck, E. Y.. Waco, Tex 100 

Hardison, W. T., Nashville 5 00 

Harmsen, Barney, El Paso, Tex 5 00 

Harper, J. R., Rosston, Tex 1 00 

Harris, Maj. R. H., Warrington, Fla. 1 00 

Harris, J. A., Purdon, Tex 1 00 

Harrison, W. W., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Hartman, J. A., Rockwall, Tex 1 00 

Hatler, Baily, Boliver, Mo 100 

Hayes, E. S., Mineola, Tex 1 00 

Herbst, Chas., Macon, Ga 1 00 

Herron, W. W., Mckenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Hickman, Mrs. T. G., Vandalia, 111... 1 00 

Hickman, John P., Nashville 1 00 

Hoppel, Dr. T. J., Trenton 1 00 

Hoss, Rev. Dr. E. E., Nashville 1 00 

Hows, S. H., Newsom Station, Tenn.. 1 00 

Hughes, Louis, Dyersburg, Tenn 1 00 

Ikirt, Dr. J. J., East Liverpool, O.... 1 00 

Ingram, Jno. Bivouac, Jackson, Tenn 5 60 

Irwin, Capt. J. W., Savannah, Tenn.. 1 00 

Jackson, G. G., Wetumpka, Ala 1 00 

Jackson, Stonewall Camp, McKenzie. 5 00 

Jenkins, S. G., Nolensville, Tenn 1 00 

Johnson, Leonard, Morrisville, Mo.... 1 50 

Keerl, G. W., Culpeper, Va 1 00 

Kelly, J. O., Jeff, Ala 100 

Kelso, F. M., Fayettevllle, Tenn 1 00 

King, Dr. J. C. J., Waco, Tex 1 00 

Kirkman, V. L.. Nashville 5 00 

Killebrew, Col. J. B., Nashville 5 00 

Knoedler, Col. L. P., Augusta, Ky... 1 00 

Knox, R. M., Pine Bluff, Ark 5 00 

Lauderdale, J. S., Llano, Tex 1 00 

Lewis, Maj. E. C, Nashville 25 00 

Lewis, Dr F. P., Coalsburg, Ala 1 00 

Levy, R. Z. & Bro., Nashville 5 00 

Long, J. M., Paris, Tex 100 

McAfee, H. M., Salvisa, Tex 1 00 

McAlester, J. J., McAlester, I. T 1 00 

McDowell, J. H., Union City, Tenn... 1 00 
McGregor, Dr. R. R., Covington, 

Tenn 2 50 

McLure, Mrs. M. A. E., St. Louis 5 00 

McMillln, Hon. Benton, M. C. Tenn.. 5 00 

McRee, W. F., Trenton, Tenn 100 

McVoy, Jos.. Cantonment, Fla 1 00 

Mallory, E. S., Jackson, Tenn 1 00 

.Marshall, J. M., Lafayette, Tenn 1 00 

Ma'ull, J. F., Elmore, Ala 100 

Meek, S. W., Nashville 5 00 

Meek, Master Wilson 1 00 

Mims, Dr. W. D., Cockrum, Miss 1 00 

Mitchell, A. E., Morrisville, Mo 1 00 

Montgomery, Wm., Arrow, Tenn 1 00 

Morton, Dr. I. C, Morganfield, Ky... 1 00 

Moss, C. C, Dyersburg, Tenn 1 00 

N. C. & St. L Ry, by Pres. Thomas. . . 50 00 

Neal, Col. Tom W., Dyersburg, Tenn. 1 00 

Neames, M. M., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Neilson, J. C, Cherokee, Miss 1 00 

Nelson, M. H., Hopkinsville, Ky 1 00 

Norton, N. L., Austin, Tex 1 00 

Ogilvie, W. H., Allisona, Tenn 1 00 

Overton, Col. John, Nashville 10 00 

Owen, U. J., Eagleville, Tenn 1 00 

Owen, Frank A., Evansville, Ind 100 

Pardue, Albert E., Cheap Hill, Tenn. . 8 00 



Patterson, Mrs. T. L.. Cumberl'd, Md 1 00 

Payne, E. S., Enon College, Tenn 2 00 

Pendleton, P. B., Pembroke, Ky 1 00 

Pepper. W. A., Stirling. S. C 1 00 

Pierce, W. H., Colllnsville, Ala 1 00 

Pointer. Miss Phil. Owensboro, Ky. .. 1 00 
Pryor, J. T.. (Terry's Texas Ranger), 

Belton 100 

Raines, R. P., Trenton, Tenn 100 

Rast, J P., Farmersville, Ala 1 00 

Reagan, Hon. John H., Austin, Tex.. 1 00 

Redwood. Henry, Asheville, N. C 1 00 

Reeves. Dr. N. P., Longstreet. La.... 1 00 

Ridley, Capt. B. L., Murfreepboro 50 00 

Ritchards. Sam, Rockdale, Tex 1 00 

Rohhins, A. M.. Rockdale, Tex 100 

Rose, S. E. F., West Point, Miss 1 00 

Rudy, J. H., Owensboro, Ky 1 00 

Russell. T. A. Warrior, Ala 1 00 

Rutland. J. W., Alexandria, Tenn 1 00 

Ryan, J.. Chicago, 111 5 00 

Sage, Judge Geo. R., Cincinnati 5 00 

Sanford, Dr. J. R., Covington, Tenn. 5 00 

Scruggs, John, Altamont, Tenn 2 00 

Sevier, Col. T. F.. Sabinal, Tex 1 00 

Sexton, E. G, Dover, Tenn 100 

Simmons. Col. J. W., Mexia, Tex 2 50 

Sinclair, Col. A. H., Georgetown, Ky. 1 00 

Slatter, W. J., Winchester, Tenn 1 00 

Smith, Capt. F. M., Norfolk, Va 1 00 

Smith, Capt. J. F., Marion, Ark 1 00 

Smith, Gen. W. G., Sparta, Tenn 1 00 

Smith, Capt. H. I., Mason City, la.... 1 00 

Stone, Judge J. B., Kansas City, Mo.. 5 00 

Story, Col. E. L., Austin, Tex 1 00 

Speissegger, J. T., St. Augustine, Fla 1 00 

Street, H. J., Upton, Ky 1 00 

Street, W. M., Murfreesboro, Tenn.... 1 00 

Taylor, R. Z., Trenton 1 00 

Tavlor, Young, Lott, Tex 1 00 

Templeton, J. A., Jacksonville, Tex... 1 00 

Thomas. W. T.. Cumb'd City, Tenn.. 1 00 

Tollev, Capt. W. P., Rucker, Tenn.... 1 00 

Trowbridge, S. F.. Piedmont, S. C... 1 00 

Tucker, J. J., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Turner, R. S., Ashland City, Tenn.... 5 00 

Tvree. L. H., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

(T. E.) cash, Nashville 100 

Van Pelt, S. D., Danville, Ky 1 00 

Voegtlev, Edwin B , Pittsburg, Pa... 2 00 

Voegtley, Mrs. E. B., Pittsburg, Pa.. 2 00 

Walker, Robert, Sherman, Tex 1 00 

Washington, Hon. J. E., M. C. Tenn.. 2 00 

Webster, A. H., Walnut Sp's, Tex.... 1 00 

Welhurn, E. H., Nashville, Tenn 1 00 

West, Jno. C, Waco, Tex 1 00 

Wilkerson, W. A., Memphis 100 

Williams. Rolert, Guthrie, Kv 1 00 

Wilson, Hon. S. F., Gallatin, Tenn... 1 00 

W'lson, Mrs. S. F.. Gallatin, Tenn.... 1 00 

W ; lson, Dr. J. T., Sherman. Tex 1 00 

Wilson, Capt. E. H.. Norfolk. Va.... I 00 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph, M. C. Ala 1 00 

Wright, Geo. W., McKenzie, Tenn.... 1 00 

Wyeth, Dr J. A., New York City 50 00 

Young, Col. Bennett H., Louisville... 5 00 

Young County Camp, Graham, Tex.. 7 85 

FIFTY CENTS SUBSCRIPTIONS 

I. K. Clark, R. E. Grizzard and M. M. 
Mobley, Trenton, Tenn.: Cant. 
Chas. H. May and J. W. Fielder, 
Benton, Ala.; Dr. E. Young and W. 
W. Power?. Greensboro. Ala.: J. 
W. Oilman and H. Heverin. Nash- 
ville; G. N. Alhrifht, W. A. Ross 
and Alonzo Gilliam, Stanton, 
Tenn.: John W. Green and cash, 
Dversburg, Tenn.: E. J. Harwell, 

Stonewall, La 7 A) 



TWENTY-FIVE CENTS 
TIONS. 



SUBSCRIP- 



C. W. Higglnbotham. Calvert, Tex.; 
T. O. Moore, Comanche, Tex.; L. 
C. Newman, H. M. Nash, J. W. 
Mnrnan, G. Shafer, J. F. Coppedge, 
J. K. Gibson, Stanton, Tenn.; J. T. 
Bryan, Mariana, Fla 



2 25 



^federate Ueteraij. 



39 



UNITED CONFEDERATE DAUGHTERS. 



Something of the Origin of the Daughters of 
the Confederacy in the Old Dominion. 

In May 1894, at a meeting of the Ladies Confed- 
erate Memorial Association of Charlottesville, Va., 
a letter was presented from the John Bowie Strange 
Camp of Confederate Veterans, Col. Garnett, Com- 
mander, requesting the ladies to become an auxil- 
iary of the Camp, to aid in its work of caring for 
all needy Confederates and their families. 

Mrs. Garnett, having the matter much at heart, 
wrote a letter to the Camp offering to form an aux- 
iliary, confident of the sympathy of many members 
of the Memorial Association, which had recently 
erected, near the University of Virginia, one of the 
most beautiful Confederate Monuments in the South. 
The proposition to the Camp brought the following 
response: "At a meeting of the Camp on May 22. 
1894, it expressed to Mrs. Garnett its high appre- 
ciation of her proposed plan of a Ladies Auxiliary 
Association to assist the Camp in its efforts to re- 
lieve the necessities of dependent Confederates, and 
that she be requested to take such steps as she and 
her associates thought best, within the formation 
of sucli an Auxiliary Association. A society was at 
once formed under the name of "Daughters of the 
Confederacy," and they believe it to have been the 
first society in the country to bear that name. 

The National Society was not organized at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, until September ID, lS'M. 

The Veteran for October 1S94, contained an ac- 
count of the Nashville Society. 

On October 15, 1894, our by-laws were adopted. 
After the Charlottesville Chapter was organized, 
at that first meeting, the following officers were 
elected: President, Mrs. James Mercer Garnett; 
Vice President, Mrs. C. C. Wcrtcnbaker; Secretary, 
Miss Cynthia Berkeley; Treasurer, Miss Mary Van- 
degrift. Executive Committee: Mrs. N. K. Davis, 
Miss Gillie Hill, and the late Mrs. William South- 
all, — whose place is now filled by Mrs. Lav. 

Letter from the President. 

In addition to the benevolent feature, this Society 
is historical. Original papers, giving personal re- 
miniscences of the war. and other events of that 
time to be read at the meetings. Valuable Con- 
federate records are being collected and preserved, 
and every effort is made to perpetuate the memory 
of our Confederate heroes, [twill also be the aim 
of the Society to have used in our schools only true 
histories, that the youth of the South may under- 
stand for what their fathers Fought and died. 

The badge oi the Society consists 
of an open circle of white enamel 
bearing in letters of gold, "Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy, l861-'65." 
In the open centre are crossed the 
first and last flags of the Confeder- 
acy, the colors being beautifully 
brought out in red, white and blue 
enamel and gold. This badge has been patented, 
and is now used as the official Virginia badge. It is 
worn b) r our members in Washington, D. C, in St. 




Louis, Missouri, and in the States of Montana, Geor- 
gia and Washington, and other places. The Albe- 
marle Chapter of the "Daughters of the Confedera- 
cy," which began with a little band of earnest Con- 
federate women, has, in a short time, attained a mem- 
bership of over a hundred. At a meeting of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee held April 30, 1S<»5. it resolved to 
use every effort to establish other Chapters in Vir- 
ginia. The Chapters in the order of organization 
with the names of their officers are as follows: 

1. Albermarle, formed May 25. 1S'»4. First 
meeting held October 15, 1894. President, Mrs. 
James Mercer ( iarnett; Vice President, Mrs. C. C. 
Wertenbaker; Treasurer, Mrs. N. K. Davis; Secre- 
tary. Miss Fanny Berkeley. 

2. Newport News, organized in May, 1895. 
President, Mrs. Geo. W. Nclms; Vice President, 
Mrs. J. Shelton Jones: Treasurer, Mrs. W. Geo. 
Kcnier; Secretary, Mrs. W. Filmore Turnbull. 

3. Petersburg, organized August 27, 1895. Pres- 
ident, Mrs. Robert T. Meade; Vice President, Mrs. 
J. W. Roseboro; Treasurer, Mrs. R. L. Watson, 
Secretary, Mrs. Richard B. Davis. 

4. Roanoke, organized August 27. 1895. Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Thomas Lewis; Vice President, Mrs. 
Terry; Treasurer, Mrs. Trout; Secretary, Mrs. Grey. 

5. Woodstock, organized October 5, 1895. Pres- 
ident, Mrs. James H. Williams; Vice President, 
Mrs. Miley: Treasurer, Mrs. John Grabill; Secre- 
tary, Mrs. Campbell. 

6. Staunton, organized October 23, 1895. Pres- 
sident, Mrs. J. E. B. Stuart; Vice President, Mrs. 
G. P. Wilson; Treasurer, Mrs. E. P. Lipscomb; 
Secretary, Mrs. S. T. McCullough. ' 

7. Lexington, organized January 18, 1896. Pres- 
ident, Miss Mildred Lee; Vice President, Mrs. A. 
D. Estill; Treasurer. Miss Mary Nelson Pendleton; 
Secretary, Mrs. Win. Allan. 

8. Richmond, organized January 27, 1896. Pres- 
ident, Mrs. N. V. Randolph: Vice President, Miss 
May G. Baughman; Treasurer, Mrs. Frank T. 
Cramp; Secretary, Mrs. Austin Brockenborough. 

'". Radford, organized February 1, 1896. Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Win. R. Wharton; Vice President, Mrs. 
Mclngles; Treasurer, Mrs. .1. R. Eakin; Secretary, 
Miss Julia V. M. Tyler. 

10. Waynesboro, organized February 3, l,s ( ><>. 
President, Mrs. Elliott Fishburne; Vice President, 
Miss I'.elle Patrick; Treasurer, Miss Annie Fish- 
burne; Secretary. Miss Loula Bush. 

11. Christiansburg, organized February 5, 1896. 
President. Mrs. T. W. Hooper; Vice President, Mrs. 
T. W. Ellett; Treasurer, Mrs. M. C. Wade: Secre- 
tary, Mis. Sue Hogan Phlegar. 

12. Harrisonburg, to be organized on February 
7. 1896. President, - ; Vice President, — — ; 
Treasurer, ; Secretary, . 

Officials of Harrisonburg Chapter not yet received. 

With a half dozen Chapters in process of organi- 
zation, this Division will number over two-thirds 
of all the Chapters formed in the entire South. 
The memberships are from twenty-five to Kit). A 
more concise report will be given in March Vet- 



40 



Qoijfcderate l/eterai). 



EREN. Such a result from the Albemarle Chapter, 
the parent Chapter in Virginia will no doubt sur- 
prise many readers of "the Veteran," though the 
hi. un facts have been communicated to some of the 
officers of the United Society. 

These Chapters will soon be organized into a Di- 
rision. The five Chapters in Virginia: Alexan- 
dria. Warrenton, Lynchburg, Appomattox and Nor- 
folk, chartered by the United Society, are most cor- 
dially invited to co-operate with us in forming a grand 
Virginia Division, established on a sure foundation. 

"And their deeds — proud deeds — shall remain for us, 
Ard their names — dear names — without stain for us. 
And the glories they won shall not wane for us. 

In legend and lay, 

Our heroes in gray, 
Though dead, shall live over again for us." 

Kate Noland Garnett. 
University of Virginia, February 5, 1896. 

TENNESSEE DAUGHTERS AT GALLATIN. 

Clark Chapter of the Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy was organized October 28, 1895, under the 
direction of that energetic and enthusiastic worker, 
Mrs. Snyder. It has enrolled already twenty-six 
members, and is doing good work. The officers 
are Mrs. S. F. Wilson, President; Mrs. B. D. Bell, 
Vice-President; Mrs. Addie Cherry, Treasurer; Mrs. 
C. W. Meguiar, Secretary, and Miss Martha Rogan, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

If energy and a true interest in the glorious cause, 
such as is felt by these efficient officers, be taken as 
indicative of our future, Clark Chapter will soon be 
in the advance guard. 

The name was given in honor of one of our grand 
old families, the homestead of which is upon the 
identical spot of one of our pioneer forts, and from 
which family went out four gallant sons to face the 
dangers of a ruthless war in the cause of kindred 
and of home. Three of these went down to death 
true to the sentiment of a noble patriotism. 

UNITED DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERACY IN FLORIDA. 

The annual meeting of the Jacksonville branch 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, was held on 
Monday, January 20th; the nineteenth, General 
Lee's birthday, having fallen on Sundaj'. The 
election of officers was as follows: Mrs. T. H. Hart- 
ridge, President; Mrs. W. M. Davidson, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Mrs. R. L. Cooley, Corresponding Secretary; 
Mrs. W. D. Mathews, Recording Secretary; Mrs. F. 
P. Fleming, Treasurer. 

This branch has in hand the marking of all 
graves of Confederate soldiers now unmarked, and 
the erection of a Confederate monument in some 
prominent place in Jacksonville. 

Prospects are very bright for other chapters and 
a State organization. Those who suffered and lost 
feel it a sacred duty to properly instruct their chil- 
dren in the history of those sad years, and also a 
duty to protect and preserve such mementoes as will 
6how to future generations the great sacrifice of 
luxury and pleasure cheerfully given up for a great 
cause. 



The Widow's Moan. — Mrs. D. C. Harrison writes 
from (1619, 17th Street, N. W.,) Washington, D. C: 
Can you tell me if there is any one in Nashville to 
whom I could apply for information concerning the 
burial spot of Capt. Dabney C. Harrison? He 
was with his Regiment, 56th Virginia, Company- K., 
at Fort Donelson, and was carried, after being 
wounded, on a boat to Nashville. The boat reached 
that point, but further than that, in all these years, 
I have not known, notwithstanding my unwearied 
efforts. * * * Capt. Harrison was my husband. 
I need not say how grateful I will be for any infor- 
mation concerning this subject. 

If the good women who had to do with the burial 
of dead from Fort Donelson can give Mrs. H. some 
information, it will gratify them as well as her. 




OTIS S. TARVER AND HIS FLAG. 



The above picture of Comrade Otis S. Tarver, of 
Sanford, Florida, will be all the more appreciated 
because of the flag which so many thousands revere. 
He stood, ran and fought for that flag from August 
8, 1861, until the final surrender, and has ever since 
kept it at the head of his bed. He is in his six- 
tieth year. This comrade is a Georgian, but has 
lived in Florida the past fifteen years. 



Confederate Ueterao. 



41 



APPEARANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF 

FORREST. 

By John A. Wyeth M. D. 

(Extracts from the Life of Lieutenant General N. B. Forrest.) 

General James R. Chalmers, in his address before 
the Southern Historical Society,* August, 79, says: 

"In February, 1841, when I was but ten years of 
age, I remember well a small company of volunteers 
which marched out of the town of Holly Springs, 
Mississippi, to the relief of Texas, then threatened 
by invasion from Mexico. In that little band stood 
Bedford Forrest, a tall, black-haired, graj-eyed 
youth, scarce twenty years of age, who then gave 
the lirst evidence of the military ardor be possessed. 
The company saw no fighting, for the danger was 
over before they arrived, and the men received no 
pay. Finding themselves in a strange country, 
without friends or money. Forrest, with the char- 
acteristic energy which distinguished bun in after 
life, split rails at fifty cents per hundred and made 
the money necessary to briny him back to his family 
and home." * 




PROPOSE l> sT ATI K To GENERAL FORREST. 

Lieutenant-General N. B. Forrest, who was my 
immediate commander during the first year of the 
war, if not the greatest military genius, was cer- 
tainh the greatest revolutionary leader on our 
side, lie was restrained by no knowledge of 
law or constitution; he was embarrassed by no pre- 
conceived ideas of military science. His favorite 
maxim was: "War means fighting, and fighting 



*dee southern Historical society Pftpors, Vol. vii, p, 464. 



means killing." Without the slightest knowledge 
of them, he seemed by instinct to adopt the tactics 
of the masters of military art. * 

On December 28th, 1861, Forrest, with 300 men, 
met the enemy for the first time, about 450 strong, 
near Sacramento, Ky. This fight deserves special 
notice, not only because of its success and the con- 
fidence inspired in the raw Confederate cavalry, but 
because it displayed at once the chief characteristics 
and natural tactics which were subsequently more 
fully developed and made Forrest famous as a cav- 
alry leader. He had marched bis command twenty 
miles that day when he found a fresh trail where 
the enemy's cavalry had passed. Putting his com- 
mand at a gallop, he traveled ten miles further be- 
fore be struck the rear guard. His own command 
was badly scattered, not half up with him. but with- 
out halting be rushed headlong at them, leading 
the charge himself. When be bad driven the rear 
jjuard on to the main body, and they turned on him 
with superior force, be quickly dismounted his 
men and held the eneim in check until his command 
came up, and ordered them to attack in Hank and 
rear. This movement was successful, and the re- 
treat of tin- Federals soon began. Quickly mount- 
ing his men. he commenced one id' his terrible pur- 
suits, fighting band to baud with pist'd and sword, 
killing one and wounding two himself, continuing 
this for miles, and leaving the road dotted with liv- 
ing and dead. * * * * " 

Major I>. C. Kelly, who then for the first time saw 
his superior under (ire. describing the wonderful 
changt tb.it took place in bis appearance, says: 

"His face Hushed until be bore a striking resem- 
blance t<> a painted Indian warrior, and his eyes, 
usually So mild in their expression, Hashed witll the 
intense glare of the panther about to sprire on its 
prey. In fact, be looked as little like the Forrestof 
our mess-table as the storm oi December resembles 
the quiet ol June." 

General Chalmers relates: "Some of the notable 
points in Forrest's manner of fighting, were I 1 | 
reckless courage in making the attack, a rule he in- 
variably followed and which tended to intimidate 
his adversary; (2 I the quick dismounting ol his men 
to fiarht, showing that be regarded horses mainly as 
a rapid means of transportation for his troops; (3) 
his intuitive adoption of the Hank attack, so demor- 
alizing to the enemy even in an open field, and so 
much more s-0 when made, as Forrest often did, un- 
dercover of woods which concealed the weakness of 
the attacking party; i 4 | his fierce and untiring pur- 
suit, which so often changed retreat into rout ami 
made victory complete; (5) following, without 
knowing it, Napier's precept of the art of war. he 
was always in front making personal observations. 
This practice brought him in many personal con- 
flicts and exposed him to constant danger, and he 
had 27 horses killed and wounded under him in bat- 
tle. This practice led to imitation by his general 
officers, and at Hart's cross-roads, the day before the 
bittle of Franklin, I witnessed Forrest with two 
division and three brigade commanders, all on the 
skirmish line. 

"At Shiloh, Forrest, without orders from any- 
superior officer, bad pushed his scouts to the river 



42 



(^federate Ueterap. 



and discovered that reinforcements of the enemy 
were coming-. I was then in command of an infantry 
brigade, which by some oversight had not received 
the order to retreat; about midnight, Forrest awoke 
me, inquiring for Generals Beauregard, Bragg and 
Hardee, and when I could not tell him, he said in 
profane but prophetic language, 'If the enemy come 
on us in the morning, we will be whipped like h — !' 
He carried this information to headquarters and, 
with military genius, suggested a renewal at once 
of our attack; but the unlettered colonel was or- 
dered back to his regiment." * 

I recall an anecdote strikingly illustrative of the 
esteem in which Forrest was held by the people, and 
he always told it on himself with great delight. 
When Bragg was retreating from Tennessee, Forrest 
was among the last of the rear guard. An old lady 
ran out of her house to the gate as he was passing, 
and urged him to turn back and fight. As he rode 
on without stopping, she shook her fist at him and 
cried, "Oh! you great, big, cowardly rascal! I only 
wish old Forrest were here; he would make you 
fiu-ht!" ***** 

One of the greatest secrets of Forrest's success 
was his perfect system of scouts. He kept reliable 
scouts all around him and at great distances and 
often, even daj's in advance, he was informed of 
movements that were about to be made. * 

Near West Point, (1864) Forrest soon came up to 
where I was standing on the causeway, leading to 
the bridge, and, as it was the first time I had ever 
been with him in a fight, I watched him closely. 
His manner was nervous, impatient and imperious. 
He asked me what the enemy were doing, and I 
gave him the report just received from Colonel Duff, 
in command of the pickets. He said sharply. "Well, 
I will go and see myself." He started across the 
bridge, which was about thirty yards long and then 
being raked by the enemy's fire. This struck me 
at the time as a needless and somewhat braggadocio 
exposure of himself, and I followed him to see what 
he would do. When he reached the other bank, the 
fire of the enemy was very heavy and our men were 
falling back, one running without hat or gun. In 
an instant Forrest seized and threw him to the 
ground, and, while the bullets were whist'.ing 
around him, administered a severe thrashing with a 
brush of wood. * * 

General Joseph E. Johnston said if Forrest had 
been an educated soldier, no other Confederate 
general would have been heard of. 

Dr. J. B. Cowan, of Tullahoma, Tenn., who was 
chief surgeon to Forrest's Cavalry during the war, 
and was intimately associated with Forrest, says 
that at the battle of Okalona, where Forrest's 
brother Jeffrey was killed, his grief was overpower- 
ing when he realized that the brother whom he 
idolized, and who, being a posthumou-s child, had 
been tenderly reared and carefully educated by the 
elder brother, was mortally wounded. Although 
the Federals were in flight with Forrest pursuing, 
he seemed for a moment to forget the great respon- 
sibility of his position as a commander, in the asrony 
of this sudden affliction. He dismounted, picked 
up his dving brother and held him in his arms as 
he would a child, until his lifeblood was spent. 



The wound was of such a character that surgical 
relief was impossible, and he bled to death within 
a few minutes. The rough soldier kissed his dead 
brother tenderly, with tears streaming from his 
eyes, laid him gently upon the ground, took one last 
look, and then his expression of grief gave way to 
one of almost ferocity; he sprang to his horse, 
shouting to Goss, his bugler, "Blow the charge!" 
and swept ahead of his men in the direction of the 
retreating enemy. Dr. Cowan followed as close be- 
hind him as he could keep in the pursuit, and the 
faithful escort were well up with their great leader. 
Half a mile or so down the road they suddenly came 
upon the enemy, who had determined upon a stand. 
A piece of artillery was placed to sweep the road by 
which they must approach, and the Federals, dis- 
mounted, had taken a strong position on either side 
of the road. As soon as they were observed, the 
Federals fired upon them, and Dr. Cowan remon- 
strated with the General for thus exposing himself. 
Forrest remarked, "Doctor, if you are uneasy, you 
can ride out of range;" and the General continued 
in this position, making a careful survey of the 
enemy's position. His horse was killed under him, 
and he mounted another, belonging to one of the 
escort who had just then ridden up. While For- 
rest was riding a little further on, on the side of a 
little eminence, this horse was also killed. Satis- 
fied with the recunnoissance. which had only oc- 
cupied a few minutes, he drew his saber and shout- 
ed to the escort, "Move up!" This plucky body of 
sixty men followed with equal bravery their daring 
and now reckless leader. 

"It seemed to me then that the General, madden- 
ed by grief at the loss of his favorite brother, 
wanted to go with him. It was only the matter of 
a moment when the General and his escort were 
mixed up with the Federals in a fearful melee. I 
put the spurs to my horse, ran back in the direction 
from which we had come to hurry up help, met 
Colonel McCulloch with a portion of his Missouri 
regiment, and said to him, 'Colonel, for God's sake 
hurry down the road as fast as j-ou can. The Gen- 
eral and his escort are down there in a hand to hand 
fight, and I am afraid he will be killed before you 
can get there!' Forrest slew three men with his 
svv'ord in this terrible fight before the Federals 
yielded and fled from the field." 

General Richard Taylor, who later in the war 
was placed in command of the department in which 
Forrest operated, says in his book, "Destruction 
and Reconstruction," (see p. 19). 

"Some months before the time of our first meet- 
ing * * * he had defeated Sturg-is at Tishi- 
mingo, and he soon repeated his defeat of General 
Grant at Okalona. 

"Okalona was fought on an open plain, and For- 
rest had no advantage of position to compensate 
for great inferiority of numbers, but it is remark- 
able that he employed the tactics of Frederick at 
Leuthen and Zorndorf, though he had never heard 
these names. Indeed, his tactics deserve the clos- 
est study of military men. Wnen asked to what he 
attributed his success in so many actions, he re- 
plied, 'I got there first with the most men.' * * * 
I doubt if any commander since the time of lion- 



Qogfederate Vetera p. 



43 



hearted Richard, has killed so many of his foes as 
Forrest. His word of command was unique, 
'Move up, and mix with 'em!' While cutting- 
down many a foe with long-reaching arm, his keen 
eye watched the whole fight and guided him to the 
weak spot. Yet, he was a tender-hearted, kindly 
man. The accusations of his enemies that he mur- 
dered his prisoners at Fort Pillow and elsewhere 
are absolutely false. These negroes told me of 
Forrest's kindness to them." 

In the closing- campaign at Selma, in April, 1865, 
General Taylor says, (see p. 21')): 

"Forrest ordered his brig-ad es to the Catawba cross- 
ing, leading one in person. He was a host in him- 
self, and a dangerous adversary to meet at any 
reasonable odds. With one brigade, Forrest was 
in Wilson's path; he fought as if the world depend- 
ed on his arm, and sent to advise me of the decep- 
tion practiced on two of his brigades, hoping to 
stop the enemy if he could with the third, the ab- 
sence of which he could not account for. After 
Selma fell, he appeared horse ami man covered with 
blood, and announced the enemy at his heels, and 
that I must move at once to escape capture. I felt 
anxious about him, but he said he was unhurt and 
would cut his way through." 

If Forrest was terrible and relentless in battle, he 
was by nature gentle, tender and affectionate. His 
love for children was very strong. My personal 
friend, Colonel R. B. Kyle, of Gadsden, on the 25th 
of June 1895, gave me in writing the following- per- 
sonal reminiscence of the greatsoldier: 

"About May 7th, 1863, as Forrest was returning 
from the capture of Streight, at Rome, he stayed 
all night at my house. Forrest's terrific pursuit of 
Streight, and the capture of his large command with 
a force only one-third as numerous as the enemy, had, 
of course, tilled the country through which Streight 
had passed with the idea that Forrest was a tre- 
mendous fighter, and gave me the impression that 
his mind would be occupied only with things con- 
cerning the war; but the only thing that seemed to 
concern him while in my house for almost a day 
and all night, was my little two-year-old boy, to 
whom he took a great fancy, holding him on his 
lap and carrying him around the place in his arms. 
The little child showed great fondness for him and 
loved to stay with him. The next day, when For- 
rest rode away in the direction of Guntersville, he 
took the little fellow two or three miles on the road 
with him, holding him on the saddle in front of 
him, and I rode along with Forrest this distance 
in order to bring the child home to his mother. 
He kissed the little fellow tenderly as he bade him 
good bye and. turning to me, said, 'My God, Kyle, 
this is worth living for!' 

"I again met Forrest in the fall of '65' on board a 
train en route to Montgomery, Ala., to meet Presi- 
dent Davis, with whom he had some correspon- 
dence, and who had asked Forrest to come to Mont- 
gomery, as he wanted to see him personally. We 
renewed our acquaintance, and in conversation he 
told me he would not serve longer under Bragg. 
He said that he was not competent to command any 
army; that the army had whipped the Federals 
badly at Chickamauga, and that he, with his com- 



mand, had followed them almost to the suburbs of 
Chattanooga; that they were demoralized, and 
could have been captured, and that he rode back 
himself, after sending couriers and getting unfa- 
vorable replies, and found General Bragg asleep. 
He urged that they move on in pursuit of the enemy 
at once, as their capture was certain. Bragg asked 
how he could move an army without supplies, as 
his men had exhausted them. Forrest's replv was, 
'General Bragg, we can get all the supplies our 
army needs in Chattanooga.' Bragg made no re- 
ply, and Forrest rode away disgusted." 



'BARRIERS BURXED AWAY." 



A Blue and Gray commingling was in successful swine; 
The fraternizing boom" was on. and all thai sort of ihiig — 
When, as it chanced, an old Con fed fell chinning with a Yank 
Who proved, in sooth a caution as a reminiscence "crank.'' 

"How pleasant 'lis." the latter cried, "to grasp the hand of him 
That through four long and bloody years faced us in battle 

grim ! 
And. by the way, was it your luck to fight at franklin? eh!" 
"Well, [ should smile," quoth Stars and Bars; "I lost an ear 

that day." 

"Ah ha ! in I hat event I know 'twill please you much to hear 
That 'twas a rooster of my size who Bcooped y.-u r missing ear. 
1 shot il oil ; it all Comes back ;" bin ere hi' could conclude, 
The Con fed loomed before his gaze in no uncertain mood. 

"And 'twas you that did the job. you wretched little Yank I 
I'vi' often wondered if I'd meet the man I had to lliank 
For this depletion — as al length I see your form once more, 
Take thai, and that, and that, for what you did in Sixty-four!" 

Chas Edqb worth .Jones. 

AuRU»t».'Gm.. J»n. 14, '96. 



A comrade writes from the Palmetto Home Land- 
ing on Yazoo River, Mississippi: On January 25rd, 
at 5 a. m., Comrade George W. Daniel answered the 
last roll call. No braver or truer patriot ever fought 
beneath the stars and bars. He enlisted at Duck 
Hill, Miss., when sixteen years old. in Company E, 
Fifteenth Mississippi, in which company he served 
two years. The last two years he served in Com- 
pany II, Twenty-ninth Mississippi. Walthall's Divis- 
ion; was never absent from roll call but once during 
the four years, and never had a furlough. He was 
in many battles, among them Shiloh, Corinth, Chick- 
am iuu r a. Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, 
Dalton, Kennesaw Mountain, Allatoona, Atlanta, 
Peachtree Creek, Franklin, and others. He never 
knew what fear meant, was true to his God, true to 
his family, and true to his country. He loved to 
talk of the war, and had a remarkable memory. He 
was laid to rest at Mount Olivet Cemetery, Yazoo 
County, Miss., wrapped in the Hag he loved and 
honored. 



Mr. J. Ryan, who served in the Twenty-first 
Indiana Battery, and was close enoutrh in great 
battles to appreciate Confederates, writes from Chi- 
cago, January ' s . '96: I enclose live dollars, which 
please credit to the "Sam Davis Monument Fund." 
Think it should be erected in Nashville 

I only wish I was able to contribute in proportion 
to my admiration of the true manhood displayed by 
this man. 



: 



44 



Confederate l/eterap. 



TO CHARMING NELLIE -NOT SO FUNNY. 



J. B. Polley, Esq., Floresville, Texas, sends an- 
other old letter dated, Camp near Richmond, Va., 
May 19, 1S62. An account of the first battle: 

Charming Nellie: * * * Arrived at York- 
town, we camped about a mile and a half to the 
rear and right of that dilapidated old town. It was 
here, you know, that Cornwallis surrendered. The 
embankments thrown up during the Revolutionary 
War are yet in a fair state of preservation, and 
would likely have been very interesting to me had 
not the present war, in the shape and terror of a 
bomb from a Federal battery, furnished a more 
practical subject for reflection. Sutne of my com- 
rades grew very enthusiastic over the fact that we 
were on historic ground, made sacred by Washing- 
ton's great victory, and eloquently insisted that the 
scene should inspire us with extra courage and pa- 
triotism. I suspected, however, that the larger part 
of their enthusiasm originated in the canteen of 
whiskey they bought from a blockade runner. I 
tasted it, but it aroused no corresponding senti- 
ments in my breast. * * * About two o'clock, 
on the morning of May 4th, the pleasing informa- 
tion was communicated to the Texas Brigade that 
to it had been granted the proud distinction of serv- 
ing as the rear guard of the Conlederate Army. 
In fact, all the other troops had folded their tents 
and, without giving us the slightest hint of their 
intention, marched away, hours before, toward 
Richmond, and even the compliment paid our bri- 
gade failed to relieve us of exceeding lone'someness. 

Just as day appeared the gallant Texans took 
up the line of march and. anxious to put as much 
distance as possible between it and a presumably 
fast following enemy, stepped out in their very live- 
liest manner. However, either because the Yan- 
kees knew that Texans were the riar guard and 
feared to attack such desperadoes, or were not fleet- 
footed enough to overtake them, they were not mo- 
lested, and overtook the main body of the army 
about four miles from the old Colonial town of Wil- 
liamsburg — the proud and inspiring consciousness 
thrilling their bosoms of duty well-performed by 
heroic efforts to get beyond reach of a dastardly 
enemy. Terribly tired by a rapid eight mile 
march over the muddiest road imaginable, we yet 
halted not, but, leaving Williamsburg to our left, 
went swiftly on. After an hour or two of hurried 
tramping, the roar of artillery and the roll cf mus- 
ketry, fortunately many miles behind us, smote 
upon our unaccustomed ears and gave us an oppor- 
tunity to reflect proudly and exultinglv on our good 
fortune; the honor and glory of being the rearguard 
was ours beyond dispute, and yet we had escaped 
all the dangers. 

Gen. Hood neither halted, changed the course 
of the march, nor furnished us with a single partic- 
ular as to his intentions, but hurried the command 
on with a speed that indicated a strong desire on 
his part to reach a haven of complete safety, a pro- 
ceeding which met our hearty approval and co-oper- 
ation. At any rate, camp was made that night 
in heav}- timber about four miles from Eltham's 



Landing on York River. Here we remained until 
the 7th, when before daylight we began moving to- 
ward thelandingand the enemy. Gen. Hood and his 
Staff were a hundred yards in advance ol the Fourth, 
and Company F. next to the leading company. We 
were approaching a large, deserted house, situated 
on an eminence overlooking the wide valley of 
York River. Between us and the house were some 
cavalry pickets, who, like veritable dummies had sat 
on their horses and permitted a company of Yankee 
infantry to shelter itself behind the building. Hood 
reached the picket line — which was scarcely a hun- 
dred yards from the house — and immediately twen- 
ty or more blue coats stepped out in plain view and 
poured a volley into us — doing no greater damage, 
however, than to give u- a terrible scare. 

We were marching at will, in column, and, except 
that of John Deal, not a gun was loaded. It was a 
complete surprise. We were in a newly cleared 
field, full of pine stumps, and, with the instinct of 
self preservation, every man, except Deal — who im- 
mediately knelt, fired, and mortally wounded the 
Sergeant of the attacking force — hastily sought the 
protection of a stump, loading his gun as he ran to 
it. Hood came dashing back, shouting to the regi- 
ment to fall into line, and as every stump I made 
for was appropriated by a quicker man — and I had 
managed to load my gun, I had no option but to be 
among the first to obey orders and place myself in 
approved battle array. Not half a minute elapsed 
though, before every man of the regiment was in 
rank, and then came the order to charge. Rushing 
bravely to the crest of the eminence, we were over- 
joyed to see the enemy fleeing across an open field 
to a skirt of timber half a mile away, but not a man 
of the fifty or more in sight and range escaped 
wounding or death. 

To the right of the house srrew heav}' timber and 
there, after deploying into skirmish line, a number 
of Yankees were killed and c iptured. After awhile, 
the brigade moved forward across the field and into 
the woods beyond, but the Yankee skirmishers 
were driven back so rapidly by ours that not a 
single enemy capable of doing duty came within 
my view. But as long as I kept out of their sight 
I was thoroughly content. The other two Texas 
Regiments had hot fights, which they won by gal- 
lant charges, and in two hours the Yankees were 
forced to take refuse in transports, protected by 
gunboats which shelled the woods until night. 

Thus, Charming Nellie, began and ended your 
friend's first experience under fire. He did not dis- 
tinguish himself, but finds consolation in the re- 
flection that neither did the enemy, nor the 

Cavalry, who by their carelessness almost caused the 
Fourth Texas to show the "white feather" in its 
first engagement. Here I looked for the first time 
on the dead and wounded of a battle. After the 

fighting ceased. Jack S and I went to a poor 

fellow who was mortally wounded, and filling his 
canteen with water, did what we could to make him 
comfortable. He admitted being from Wisconsin, 
but absolutely refused to tell his command, saying 
that was against orders. He was just about my 
age, and it was not a pleasant thought that some 
day soon I ma}-, like him, be mortally wounded and 



Confederate 1/eteraQ. 



45 



left in the hands of the enemy. I do not often in- 
dulge such grim fancies, but in his presence could 
not avoid them. 

Three days rations had been issued the da.y be- 
fore we left Yorktown, and on the morning of the 
8th, being- without rations, four ears of corn were 
dealt out to each man. Parched, it was no bad 
eating - to hungry soldiers, and we soon became gen- 
uine Cornfeds. About two o'clock on the morning of 
the 'Hh, the regiment was aroused and informed that 
it was to be carried, right under the. noses of the 
enemv, out of very dangerous quarters, and that 
the most profound silence must be maintained and 
not a cup or plate suffered to rattle. Thus en- 
joined, we marched out of camp as silently as 
Arabs, taking the road to Richmond. The country 
was open, but a heavy log enveloped it To the 
right ami very near our line of march, we could dis- 
tinguish the shadowy forms of horses and riders, 
standing quiet and motionless — cavalry pickets, 
whose close proximity to the road should, according 
to military usage, have indicated the near approach 
of the enemy. When, however, it was learned that 

the pickets were Cavalry, our fears began to 

subside, for we felt that the gallant sabereurs would 
keep a careful lookout for their own safety. Never- 
theless, the speed of the inarch suffered no abate- 
ment, until broad daylight and the lifting of the 
fog, furnished ocular demonstration of safety. 
Then I drew a long and heartfelt sigh of relief; 
for I am philosopher enough to derive much conso- 
lation from that noble, soul-inspiring sentiment of 
the poet — 

He who lights and runs away, 

Will live to fighi anol her day. 

At ten o'clock a. m., we passed the White House 
— the home of the Lee family and the place where 
Gen. Washington "caught a Tartar" by marrying 
the widow Custer. But as no member of the bri- 
gade cared to make historical researches, we pushed 
rapidly on until half the Confederate Army lav be- 
tween us ami the Yankees. Then, about noon, we 
won our most appreciated laurels — being- permitted 
to camp in a thicket of those shrubs. In truth, we 
deserved them; for little gallantry as we displayed 
at Elthatn's Landing, the Yankees showed less, and 
our bold trout prevented the debarkation of Frank- 
lin's Corps and the capture of our immense wagon 
train. 

What do you think? After going into camp in 
the laurel thicket. I witnessed the performance of 
a strange feat by a sleeping man — he caught a live 
rabbit. It is a solemn undeniable fact, which lean 
prove incontestably by a hundred men who failed 
to catch the little animal. It was this way; the 
rabbit jumped out of a hollow in a stump that some 
soldier wanted for firewood, and the moment it was 
seen, an immense shout went up and half a thou- 
sand men began chasing and grabbing at it. It 
ran hither and thither, and finally jumped squarely 
on Dansby's breast, just as his hand, moving- uncon- 
sciously, descended to rest on the breast. The two 
acts — that of the rabbit and that of the man — were 
so nearly simultaneous, that the rabbit evidently 
thought it had found a hiding place, for it made no 
effort whatever to escape. Dansby drew a long 



breath, opened his eyes with astonishment, looked 
a moment at the captive, and then sprang- to his 
feet, saying with a smile of delig-ht, "By gum — 
I'm hongry." In less than five minutes that little, 
trusting- rabbit \,as stewing in a quart cup. 



CANNONADING THE MOON. 



War anecdote by C. C. Cummings, Commander R. 
E. Lee Camp, Ft. Worth, Tex.is: 

B. L. Ridley, Murfreesboro, tells of some "Re- 
markable shots in lite army" in the Februay num- 
ber of the VETERAN, which are good, but a longer 
and higher shot than he tells of I recall while 
we were at Yorktown, in May, 1S(>2. A party 
of my regiment — Seventeenth Mississippi — visited 
this historic old town, by leave of absence from our 
post on the Warwick (Warrick) River, to see the 
monument where Cornwallis surrendered his sword 
to Washington at the last battle in our first revolu- 
tion. Also to witness the fun with the Yankee 
balloonist who had been trying to spy our lines. 
Just before we arrived that evening, the balloon 
with the Yank in it had started up above the tree 
tops from the lines of the enemy, some mile or more 
in our front. The battery boys of the breastworks, 
however, made him slide down again very quickly 
when they tired a broadside at him. The crowd at 
the breastworks around the battery were anxiously 
awaiting the reappearance of this novelty. The 
gunner stood with his hand on the lanyard ready to 
bt drive whenever the thing would rise again. 
Meantime night grew on apace — the stars crept out 
one by one. as if afraid of being shot by the reckless 
battery, and the scene was enlivened by the pickets 
of both sides rushing to and fro around the monu- 
ment of marble standing sentinel between our lines, 
first one side ami then the other desecrating it by 
talcing shelter behind it. Presently the commander 
of the battery exclaimed, "There he s again, boys! 
give it lo him good this time!" Bang-! bang-! boom! 
boom! roared the battery. The boys raised the reb- 
el veil and waited for the smoke to clear away to 
see the damage done. Imagine our chagrin when 
all we saw was the pale-faced moon riding serenely 
above the tree tops and looking calmly down on us. 
When we saw the joke our boys guffawed very 
coarsely at the artillerymen, which made the battery 
boys heartily ashamed of what they had done — had 
shot at the man in the moon! 



Camp Giles No. 708 U. C. V.. at Union, S. C, 
begun the new year in a properly patriotic and en- 
ergetic way. Commander J. T. Douglas presided 
and the State Constitution of United Confederate 
Veterans was read by W. H. S. Harris, and adopted 
in its entirety. A committee of five on pensions 
was appointed, comprised of Y. S. Bobo, Wm. A. 
Nicholson, A. E. Fant, T. J. Hughes, and Com- 
mander Douglas. 

The Confederate Veteran was ordered for the 
Camp. Sixty-six names were enrolled. The next 
regular meeting of the Camp will be held the first 
Monday in April. Comrade J L. Strain, Adjutant 
of the Camp, is at Etta Jane, Union County. 



46 



(^federate l/eterap. 



ROSTER OF CONFEDERATE GENERALS. 



Henry E. Claflin, of Arbington, Mass., sends inter- 
esting data about our Confederate Generals. While 
it is unusually accurate for data of the kind, he ad- 
mit ; that it is not absolutely so, because many Con- 
federate records were destroyed. His list is as fol- 
lows: Full Generals, 8; Lieutenant- Generals, 17; 
Major-Generals, 82; Brigadier-Generals, 313; total, 
420. He gives the Command and brief sketch of the 
full Generals and that of the ranking subordinates 
in their order of appointment: 

It is sing-ular that so great a discrepancy occurs 
in the number of Confederate Generals. Will com- 
rades report errors which they ma}- discover? 

Samuel Cooper, of Virginia, General Confederate 
States Army, May 16, '61; Adjutant and Inspector- 
General C. S. A. from May 16, '61, until the close of 
the war; died Dec. 3, 1876. 

Albert Sidney Johnston, of Texas, (a native of 
Kentucky), General Confederate States Army, May 
30, '61; killed April 6, '62, at the battle of Shiloh; 
commanded Department No. 2 by special order No. 
149 A. and I. G. O., Sept. 10, '61, known as the Army 
of the Mississippi. 

Robert E. Lee, of Virginia, Major-General com- 
manding- Virginia State Forces, '61; Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Confederate States Army, May 14, '61; General 
Confederate States Army June, 14, '61; died Oct. 12, 
'70. Commanded in Western Virginia, '61; Coast of 
South Carolina and Georgia winter of '61 and '62; 
assigned to duty at Richmond and charg-ed with the 
operations of the Confederate States Army, March 21, 
'62; commanded the Army of Northern Virginia from 
June 1, '62, to the 9th of April '65; Commander-in- 
Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States of 
America by general orders Feb. 6, '65. 

Joseph E. Johnston, of Virginia, Major-General 
Virginia State Forces, April 26, '61; Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Confederate States Army, Ma}' 14, '61; General 
Confederate States Army, July 4, '61; died March 
29, 1891. Commanded at Harper's Ferry, May 
24, '61; assumed command at Bull Run July 20, '61; 
commanded Department of Northern Virginia and 
Department of Norfolk and Peninsula from Oct. 22, 
'61, +o June 1, '62; commanded Department of the 
West, including commands of Bragg, Kirby-Smith 
and Pemberton, Nov. 24, '62; commanded Department 
of the Mississippi, March 9, '63; assigned to the com- 
mand of the Army of Tennessee, Dec. 13, '63; remov- 
ed July 17, '64; reassigned Feb. 23, '65, and com- 
manded until the war closed. 

Pierre G. T. Beauregard, of Louisiana, Brigadier- 
General Confederate States Army, March 1, '61; 
General Confederate States Army, July 21, '61; 
died February 20, 1893; assigned to command at 
Charleston, S. C, March 1, '61; assigned to com- 
mand Army of the Potomac, May '61; commanded 
Army of the Mississippi from March 5, '62; in com- 
mand of the Department of South Carolina and Geor- 
gia, Aug. 29, '63; commanded at Petersburg and 
Drewry's Bluff April 23, '61; commanded Military 
Division of the West Oct. 17, '64; commanded oper- 
ations at Charleston, S. C, winter of '64 -'65; an- 



nounced as second in command to Gen. J. E. John- 
ston, Feb. 25, '65. 

Braxton Bragg, of Louisiana, Brigadier-General 
Provisional Army Confederate Slates, March 7, '61; 
Major-General P. A. C. S., Sept. 12. '61; General 
Confederate States Army, April 12, '62: died Sept. 

27, '76. Assigned to command of Army of Louisiana, 
Feb. 22, '61, to defences of Pensacola'Oct. 29, '61, to 
to Department of Alabama and Florida winter '61-'2, 
to right wing Army of the Mississippi at Shiloh 
April '62; commanded Army of the Mississippi March 
'62 to Nov. 12, '62; commanded Department of Ten- 
nessee, Aug. '63 to Dec. 22, '63; assigned to duty at 
Richmond, Feb. 24, '64; commanded Department of 
North Carolina, Nov. 24, '64. 

E. Kirby-Smith, of Florida, Brigadier-General 
June 17, '61; Major-General Oct. 11, '61; Lieutenant- 
General Oct. 9, '62; General Feb. 19, '64; died March 

28, '93. Chief-of-Staff to Gen. J. E. Johnston, June 
and July, '61, Division composed of Brigades of 
Trimble, Taylor and Elzey; commanded Depart- 
ment of East Tennessee, afterward Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department, Feb. 11, '63. 

John B. Hood, of Texas, Colonel 4th Texas Infan- 
try, Sept. 30, '61; Brigadier-General P. A. C. S., 
March 3, '62; Major-General Oct. 10, '62; Lieutenant- 
General Sept. 20, '63; General (temporary rank), 
July 18, '64; died Aug. 30, '79. Commanded'Brigade 
composed of the 1st, 4th, 25th Texas and 18th 
Georgia Infantry and Hampton's Legion, Army 
of North Virginia; Division composed of the Bri- 
gades of Robertson, Law, Benning and Jenkins, 
Army of Northern Virginia; commanded Army of 
Tennessee, July 18, '64, to Feb. 23, '65. 

LIEUTENANT-GENERALS. 

James Longstreet, of Alabama, the senior Lieu- 
tenant- General, is reported as follows: Brigadier- 
General, June 17, '61;Major-General Oct. 7, '61; Lieu- 
tenant-General Oct. 9, '62; commanded Brigades com- 
posed of the 1st, 7th, 11th and 17th Virginia Infan- 
try, Army of the North Potomac, '61; Division com- 
posed of the Brigades of Kemper, Pickett, Wilcox, 
Anderson, Pryor and Featherstone, Army of North- 
ern Virginia; commanded First Corps of Northern 
Virginia from Aug. 13, '62, to Aug. 14, '63; com- 
manded left wing of Army of Tennessee from Oct. 
to Dec. '63; commanded from Dec. 5, '63, to April 
12, '64, Department of East Tennessee; commanded 
First Corps, composed of Pickett's, Field's and Ker- 
shaw's Divisions of Infantry and Alexander's Divis- 
ion of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia, from 
Oct. 4, '64, to the close of the war. 

MAJOR-GENERALS. 

David E. Twiggs, of Georgia, was the senior Ma- 
jor-General May 22, '61; died Sept. 15, '62. He was 
assigned to the Command of the District of Louisiana 
April 17, '61, with headquarters at New Orleans. 

Barnard E. Bee was the senior Brigadier of South 
Carolina who named the great Jackson "Stonewall." 
Brigadier-General June 17, '61; killed at Bull Run 
July 21, '61. His Brigade was composed of the 4th 
Alabama and 2nd and 11th Mississippi and 1st Ten- 
nessee Infantry and Imboden's Battery, Army of the 
Shenandoah. 



Confederate Veteran. 



47 



CONFEDERATE GENERALS BY STATES. 



Charles Edgeworth Jones, of Augusta, Ga., has 
taken much pains in a compilation of statistics about 



Missouri — Four Major-Generals and twelve Briga- 
dier-Generals — 1<> in all. 

Tennessee — Two Lieu tenant-Generals, eight Ma- 
jor-Generals and thirty-four Brigadier Generals — 44 
in all. 

Kentuky — One Lieutenant- General, five Major- 
Generals and sixteen Brigadier Generals— 22 in all. 

Maryland — Three Major-Generals and six Briga- 
dier-Generals — V in all. 




CONFEDERATE MONUMENT IN \l SI 81 'A, GA. 

our Confederate Generals. He reports the total as 
474. Mr. Jones gives them by States and as follows: 

Virginia — Three full Generals, five Lieutenant- 
Generals, seventeen Major-Generals, and fifty-four 
Brigadier-Generals — 79 in all. 

North Carolina — Two Lieutenant-Generals, seven 
Major-Generals, and twenty-nine Brigadier-Generals 

38 in all. 

Georgia — Three Lieutenant-Generals, seven Ma- 
jor-Generals, and fortv-two Brigadier-Generals — 52 
in all. 

Florida — One General in Provisional Army of Con- 
federate States, three Major-Generals, and ten Briga- 
dier-Generals 14 in all. 

Alabama Due Licutenat-Ceneral, six Major- 
Generals, and twenty-nine Brigadier-Generals — 36 
in all. 

Mississippi — Five Major-Generals and thirty Brig- 
adier-Generals 35 in all. 

Louisiana Two full Generals, two Lieutenant- 
Generals, four Major-General.., and twenty-two Brig- 
adier-Generals -30 in all. 

Texas One full General with temporary rank, 
three Major-Generals, and thirty-six Brigadier-Gen- 
erals — 41 in all. 

Indian Territory— One Brigadier-General (Stand 
Watie). 

France -One Major-Genera] (Camille J. Polignac). 

Arkansas — Four Major-Generals and eighteen 
Brigadier-Generals — 22 in all. 



MAJOR JNO. W. DANIEL AT LEE'S GRAVE. 

Father A. J. Ryan wrote the New OrleansTimes- 
Democrat soon after dedication ol the recumbent 
figure of Gen. Lee, in the Chapel of Washington and 

Lee University, an account of John W. Daniel's ora- 
tion, stating: 

He began his oration in a simple, yet striking, 
way, alluding to the home of Lee before the war. 
It was only the preface to a glorious oration. 

He rose as he proceeded as a man in climbing the 
slopes of a mountain to see the setting sun. Half 
wav Up the slope he seemed to rest, but you could 
see in his face and hear in the tremor of his voice 
and his graceful swaying gestures that he rested 
for a purpose. I think it was the glory-hour of his 
address. When he swung back his classic head, he 
alluded to President Davis, with his heart in his 
voice and in words that were royal. 

It was the grand Southern amen to words grand 
as they were, and grandly spoken of a man grander 
than any words. Some eyes were moist with tears 
then- tributes to our president, who suffered for us 
all. 

God bless him. The orator went on, rising high- 
er and higher in his eloquence, and when he con- 
cluded there was one man in that audience who 
said to himself "the orator equals the occasion." 
Then General Early spoke briefly. He commanded 
your humble servant to come forward and face a 
crowd already entranced witli glorious eloquence. 
I obeyed, said a few words, recited the "Sword of 
Robert Lee," and stole away. Stonewall Jackson's 
daughter. Julia, unveiled tin- statue. Crowds went 
in and came out, and the faces of many were sad. 
Clouds were gathering way over on the mountains. 
The sun went down and Lexington will never see 
such a day again, because the world will never know 
another Robert Lee. 



A. Forrest, Sherman, Texas: I have in my pos- 
session one pocket Bible which I would like to re- 
turn to the original owner, if he can be found. 
There is written in the back "Water Valley, Miss." 
"I had rather lie a minister of the gospel than to 
be king over all this earth" is also written on it, 
"Shelbyville, Tenn.," and signed "Hugh." He 
was, I think, in 29th Illinois Regiment, which was 
captured at Trenton, West Tennessee, early in 1863, 
by one of General N. B. Forrest's men. I am one 
of them, and stuck to Forrest when the others left 
him at Plantersville, twenty-two miles North of 
Selma, Ala., near the close of the war. 



48 



Qopfedcrate l/eterai). 



Confederate l/eterao. 

S.A.CUNNINGHAM. Kdhor and I'rop'r. 8. W. MKKK. Publisher. 

oiHce: Willcox Building, Church Street. Nashville, Tenn, 

This publication is the personal property of s. a.. Cunningham. All 
persons who approve its principles.aud realize its benelits as an or^an for 
Associations throughout the South, a'e requested to commend its patron- 
age and to co-operate in extending ; t. 

THE BATTLE ABBEY MOVEMENT. 



Tennessee Confederates have not shown greater 
patriotic zeal since the war than is now being- man- 
ifested in behalf of the Confederate Memorial Asso- 
ciation. Col. Robt. C. Wood, of New Orleans, in 
special charg-e of the work for promoting- this great 
enterprise, will occupy many pages in the Veteran 
for March in this interest. Abundant space has 
been tendered and he will give an account of what 
is being done. In a note he says: "I thank you for 
the kind proffer which you make. Appreciating- 
the value of the Vetekan as a vehicle of communi- 
cation with the Confederate element of the country, 
and having a higti estimation of its influence, it 
will afford me pleasure to prepare for your March 
issue a statement of the progress of the work of the 
Confederate Memorial Committee." 



NATIONAL SOLDIERS' HOMES. 



It will be interesting to Confederates generally to 
know that twenty thousand Union veterans are be- 
ing provided with homes by the general govern- 
ment. They are located at the following- places: 
Dayton, O., 5,189; (Northwestern) Milwaukee, Wis., 
2,448; Leavenworth, (Kan.), 2,492; Hampton, Va , 
3,126; Augusta, Me., 1,977; Marion, lad., 1,501; 
and Santo Monica, Chi., 1,455. There are twenty- 
two Soldiers' Homes in as many Northern States. 

With the seven National Homes there are 422,770 
acres of land which cost $234,577.84, and the im- 
provements cost $4,461,190.30. 

The aggregate cost of maintaining these homes 
from the beginning to June 30, '95 was $38,487,700. 

The expenditures in the seven branches are be- 
tween $2,500,000 and $3,00.000 a year. 

All the foregoing is independent of pensions. It 
is estimated that four-fifths of the benificiaries of 
the National Home draw pensions averaging $10 
each per month. Pensioners getting less than $16 
are entitled to the benefits of support at this Na- 
tional Home without any deduction from their 
pensions. 

The writer had the courtesy, recently, of escort 
through the various departments of the Milwaukee 
branch by Col. Cornelius Wheeler, Governor. There 



were present that morning- 2,448 inmates while 
300 were absent on leave. It was most interesting 
to go through so many large buildings so thoroughly 
provided for comfort. Ah! the memories of those 
four terrible years which were aroused! 

It was gratifying- to see such liberal provision 
for the maimed old men, and the impulse to com- 
mend the unstinted liberality of the government in 
so providing was checked by taking a broader view, 
in which equally unfortunate American citizens en- 
gaged in that same great war with juster cause — 
the defense of home and other property guaranteed 
by the constitution of the country — were known to 
be destitute. What mysteries in this world! 



The Veteran for January solemnly commended 
the action of Congress in repealing the "prescriptive 
disabilities" of Confederates, but an omission of a 
story occurred which was not intended. It was to 
have been an illustrative comment, and is here given: 
In the writer's regiment eight men deserted while 
stationed at Port Hudson, La. They were arrested, 
returned to their command, kept under guard and 
on extra duty for months. During- the siege of 
Jackson, Miss., they were released and given three 
years. 

The above mentioned circumstance furnishes a 
reminiscence: On a hot August day during the 
siege, when fifty volunteers had been called out to ad- 
vance our skirmish line, and hnddone so, one of these 
eight was lying near the writer on the South side of 
a fence, when he began to murmur, saying volunteers 
had been called and he was detailed. Soon one of 
the hard, harsh minie balls struck the small fence 
post back of which he sought protection. The un- 
fortunate soldier was struck and, glad of an excuse, 
started to the rear. When he had gone but a short 
distance he fell upon his face in the plowed ground 
— dead. 



The Governor of Texas, Hon. C A. Culberson, is 
wisely giving to the people of his great State an ac- 
count of what had been done through the year by 
legislative enactments, and an account of his own 
(the executive) department says: 

The Confederate Home was formerly supported 
by fees received from several State departments. 
As these fees were uncertain and varied in amount 
from time to time, the efficient maintenance of the 
home was doubtful and precarious. By an act of 
the last legislature all question is removed, and the 
home has been established upon a permanent basis 
by appropriation from the general revenue, where 
disabled veterans of the Confederacy are generously 
provided for. 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



49 



Mrs. Jolin A. Jackson, of Pulaski, has been re- 
ferred to in connection with the execution of Samuel 
Davis. She ardently espoused the Union cause and 
was specially favored by its general officers. She 
had influence with the authorities, and she often 
used it effectually in behalf of Southerners. Gen. 
Dodge, in his deep anxiety to save the life of Samuel 
Davis, sought to have Mrs. Jackson visit him. and 
in a recent thrilling accountof those days and nights 
of anguish she writes to the Giles County Record, 
after referring its readers to the VETERAN con- 
taining an elaborate account, states: 

"With moisture in his eyes. General Dodge spoke 
of Sam Davis as no common young man — one full of 
energy and promise, and one he would be glad to 
save from so sad a fate. He urged me to go and 
see Davis. I felt it would be useless. Nor would I 
have tried to influence him in his strong determina- 
tion, and contrary to his ideas of right. 1 knew 
his sympathies were intense in the Southern cause. 
Peril could not daunt his manly courage; and if. as 
he said, he had given his promise not to betray, be 
would give his life to shield the betrayer. Vet it 
has been one of the regrets of my life that I did not 
visit him in his prison cell. 

The thought has come to me since those dark- 
hours, freighted with terrors, siyhs and tears, that 
I might, in kindly ministrations, have lightened the 
gloom of his surroundings, and brought comfort to 
the poor boy in a strange place, away from his loved 
ones, fettered in chains and looking an ignominious 
death in the face. The human heart sometimes 
grows faint, sick, and weary; and feels powerless, 
however the will may urye, to goastep farther, and 
thus it was with the writer. How little I feel able 
to explain myself. However, out of this seeming 
wilful neglect of duty, to human eves, came deep 
regrets that so preyed upon my heart, 1 determined, 
God willing, that all other poor sufferers similarly 
situated should have all the aid that I could bring 
to lessen the ills of life." 

Sam Davis is tried and condemned to death as a 
spy. The citizens shudder. The sound of the saw 
and hammer are heard. The gallows is built on 
East Hill. All eyes involuntarily turn and look once 
on the hideous thing. The day of execution has 
come. The windows and doors of every home are 
closed. The deepest agonies fold their wimrs in the 
soul. The young soldier's fate has been heard with 
tears, pity, and sympathy wherever the English 
language is read. 



COL. TILLMAN IN SOUTH AMERICA. 



General and Governor Churchill, of Arkansas, 
who telegraphed Senator Berry at Washington to 
offer his services to the President in the event of a 
war with England, explained: 

"I did this to show that the South and all the 
old Confederates .are loyal to the Union and are 
willing and ready to defend the Government from 
all foreign foes. The crisis has come when we must 
either uphold the Monroe doctrine or abandon it 
altogether, and I am in favor of enforcing it." 



This Veteran acknowledges an interesting letter 
from Hon. J. 1). Tillman, Minister to Ecuador. 
While Colonel of the Forty- first Tennessee Regiment 
to which the writer belonged and served much as 
Sergeant-Major there was much that created memo- 
ries winch last. Col. Tillman's temper could be de- 
tected by his address to the Sergeant-Ma jor. If all 
went well "Sumner" was the pleasantly familiar 
term used but if he was angry with anybody in the 

regiment he would emphasize "Sergeant C ." 

Minister Tillman writes from Quito, beginning 
his letter in this good-natured way: 

Legation of the United States, Ouito, Nov. 12, 
1895. The sound of the brass bands for six months, 
of the roll of the kettle drums night and day, and 
bugles at all hours almost of the night, have caused 
me to think frequently of our campaigns of thirty 
years ago, and with these thoughts of the great re- 
bellion have come memories of many id' my old com- 
rades. As these memories have passed through the 
mind, I have now and then written a few lines to 
some ol the old soldiers of our regiment and brigade. 
If I could have forgotten von under the circum- 
stances the s i o' 1 1 1 of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN 
would have brought you to memorv. I have received 

in the last tour months all the numbers of the Vet- 
eran except October, which I expect to receive to- 
morrow, and with it, or in it, a full accounted' the 
dedication id" Chickamauga Park. That park is a 
great work and I am glad that ourcountrv has been 
so generous and impartial in committing to bronze 
and marble the names anil deeds of heroism of the 
men who have contributed to all the great achieve- 
ments of the North American people in commerce. 
agriculture and manufacture and in eloquence 
and art, added a reputation for courage and devo- 
tion to principle not excelled even by Rome or 
Greece. A man. who leaves the United States to re- 
side in other countries, old or young, needs no other 
incentive to patriotism than absence from his native 
land, but it is well to keep alive, by monuments and 
literature, the recollection of the struggles for liberty 
and principle in our own country. 



Basil L. Neal. Cleuese, Ga., color bearer of Com- 
pany I), 12th Georgia Battalion, or 6th Georgia 
Regiment, S. T. writes: I would like to know who 
has the flag of tht» 6th Georgia Regiment. I have 
the belt and sword I carried when we disband- 
ed. Our Colonel's name was Henderson, of this 
State. 



E. A. Perry Camp, No. 150, U. C. V, of Lake 
City, Florida, held memorial services on the 20th of 
January, commemorative of the birth of R. E. Lee. 
About seventy-five Veterans were in line. A din- 
ner was served at the Watz House, and from 
1:30 to 4 p. m., the old soldiers enjoyed the oc- 
casion. 



50 



Confederate Veterai). 



MARENGO (ALA.) RIFLES. 

BY N. B. HOGAN. 



The first Company organized in Marengo County, 
Alabama, was the "Marengo Rifles," which became 
Company A, Eleventh Alabama Infantry on being 
mustered into the Confederate service at Lynchburg 
Virginia, earl)' in June, 1861. 

This Company was composed principally of school 
boys from the Linden Academy and other schools 
of the county, though subsequently receiving a num- 
ber of recruits to fill vacancies occasioned by the 
casualties of battle and the ravages of disease, and 
but a few of these recruits were married men. 

I well remember, on the day the Company was or- 
ganized and as the boys, one by one, attached their 
signatures to the Company roll, while old man Jim 
Welch (my cousin) beat the long roll upon the old 
drum he had used in the Mexican war, how I 
was so thrilled with excitement that I trembled as I 
ascended the stairway of the old court house in Lin- 
den to place my autograph along with those who 
were offering their lives in defense of their homes 
and loved ones. I was just seventeen years of age, 
and the youngest member of the Company. 

When the Company was organized (in the early 
spring of '61) the volunteer spirit was so great that 
it had to be announced long before the close of the 
day that no more names could be enrolled. There 
were 105 names on the list. The Company was or- 
ganized under a call from G. M. Moody, a hotel- 
keeper of Linden, and he was made Captain. Thos. 
H. Holcombe was elected First Lieutenant; John B. 
Rains, an attorney, Second Lieutenant; and Wm. B. 
Young, a seventeen-year-old Tuscaloosa cadet, 
Third Lieutenant. All these are dead now except 
"Billy" Young, who is a Circuit Judge at Jackson- 
ville, Florida. I want to say here that no greater 
hero ever unsheathed a sword than this young officer, 
and it was owing to 'his thorough knowledge of 
military tactics and manly bearing that the Company 
gained such proficiency in the drill, on the skirmish 
line and amid thunder and carnage of battle. 

After Rains became Captain he would take the 
Company on the drill ground and, having no knowl- 
edge of military tactics, soon got the boys all "tan- 
gled up," and not knowing how to "straighten 'em 
out," would say to Lieutenant Young, "Oh, — ! 
Billy, take the Company; I can't do anything with 
them." Billy would give one. or two commands and 
every man would be in line. 

After the election of officers preparations were at 
once made for going into camp. The citizens of 
the count} 7 contributed money to buy tents and all 
necessary camp equipage, besides a handsome and 
costly gray uniform for the Company. The women 
(God bless them) presented us with a fine silk flag 
at a cost of $150.00, which was never allowed to trail 
in the dust. 

A beautiful location was selected at the Hogan 
Spring, two miles east of Linden, for our Company 
camp ground. We pitched our tents, run our flag 
up to the breeze and went into military life in 
earnest. During the spring and early summer we 
were marched twice a day to the drill grounds and 





1 

|Hh| 








, 


.-•i."' 


\ ^W s; 




v. 




■ -J ' 



under the training of Lieutenant Younsr became one 
of the best drilled companies in Lee's Army. 

On the 17th day of June, 1861, we broke camp and 
set out for the front and it was not many days un- 
til we got a scent of the smoke of battle. 

While doing 
picket duty on the 
Rappa h annoc k 
above Fredericks- 
burg, beating 
time in the snow, 
a letter was hand- 
ed me bearing the 
postmark of Lin- 
den. I opened it 
and it contained a 
letter from Miss 
Susie Marshall. 
On one of the 
sheets of paper 
she had printed a 
facsimile of our 
flag, and under- 
neath it had writ- 
ten, in matchless 
chirograph} - , these 
n. b. hogan. memorable lines: 

''For me A soldier's true friend, 
Nobly your glorious banner defend-" 

Susie, (I dont want to say "Miss") had capital- 
ized the "A," giving it such emphasis as led me to 
conclude that she was the "true friend" ol some par- 
ticular "soldier." Ever after the receipt of this 
missive, when the conflict raged in merciless fury' 
around me, those lines would come unbidden to 
mind, and under the influence of their magic words 
I would be urged on, thinking only of home, coun- 
try, that glorious banner and Susie 

To the devotion, fortitude and self-sacrificing 
spirit of the women is due most of the credit for the 
glory that surrounds the soldiery of the South. 

In a former article I have told of our confronting 
Patterson at Winchester, of the march to Manassas, 
and the wounding of our Brigade Commander, 
Kirby-Smith, on July 21st, near the Henry house. 

There is a singular coincidence in my own depart- 
ure and return home. On the 17th day of June, 1861, 
I left home for the front, and on June 17th, 1865, 
just four years afterwards, I left Fort Delaware, 
where I had been held a prisoner since 'he battle of 
Gettysburg, July 2nd, 1863. I had never been home. 
The roll of this Company illustrates forcibly the 
ravages of war. 

COMPANY ROLL AND CASUALTIES. 

Adams, J. E. ("Dock"), killed at Seven Pines. 

Adams, Chas. J., killed at Seven Pines. 

Adams, John J., killed in Texas. 

Adams, J as. E., badly wounded at Seven Pines. 

Adams, Thos. J., died. 

Brown, Albert, killed in Petersburg. 

Bruce, Henry, wounded at Petersburg, Oct. 22nd. 

Brady, Wiley, died. 

Brame, Henry, died. 

Brasswell, Elias, died. 



Qoijfederate Ueterap. 



61 



Breckenridge, John, died at Richmond. 
Breckenridge, E., died at Bristo Station. 
Beasley, Benj., mortally wounded at Gettysburg-. 
Boozer, Harry, killed at Petersburg. 
Bullock, Jas., transferred to Georgia Reg't; killed 

at Frazier's Farm. 
Carter, Sam'l, killed at the "Crater." 
Coats, John, killed at Sharpsburg. 
Crawford, Lucius, killed near Petersburg. 
Crawford, James, killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Cleland, Jas. H., discharged; died. 
Daniels, Nathan, discharged. 
Doss, C. W., killed at Gaines' Mills. 
Daniels, L., killed at Gaines' Mills. 
Daniels, Jesse, killed at Gaines' Mills. 
Elmore, Benj., killed at Gaines* Mills. 
Eskridge, Nathan, killed at Gaines' Mills. 
Filer, John, killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Ford, Henry, died near Centerville, lSf>2. 
Gamble, Joe, killed at Sharpsburg. 
Heath, Wm., only deserter in Company. 
Holcombe, T. H., Capt., killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Heard, J. F., died a prisoner at Ship Island. 
Heard, T. S., died in St. Chas. Hotel, Richm'd, '62. 
Hogau, N. B., wounded and captured at Gettysburg'. 
Hayes, Win., killed at Petersburg - . 
Hawkins, .las., killed at Petersburg. 
Jolly, John, killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Jolly, Thos., killed at Appomattox. 
Johnson. Thos., killed at the "Crater." 
Johnson, A. A., killed at Gaines' Mills. 
Johnson, M. M., death wound at Salem Church. 
Keller, Jas., taken prisoner at Gettysburg. 
Land rum, E. D., died at Williamsburg. 
Mcintosh. Win., killed at Frazier's Farm. 
McLaughlin, W. A., captured at Cettvsburg. 
McDonald, .las., killed at the "Crater!" 
McNeil, Chas., killed at Frazier's Farm. 
McNeil, Wm., killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Moody, Y. M., Capt., resigned, raised 43d Ala. Inf. 
Moore, Moses, died. 
Morgan, P., died at Mt. Jackson, Ya., 
Morgan, M. J., died from wound ree'd atPetersb'g. 
Nored, Wesley, killed at Seven Pines. 
Nored, Marshal, killed at Seven Pines. 
Nieols, Moses, died at Richmond. 
Ogletree, Jas., died at Richmond. 
Ogletree, Benj., paroled at Appomattox. 
Ogletree, S. D., paroled at Appomattox. 
Post. Ceo., a New Yorker and good soldier. 
Pearl, Thos., died of wound ree'd at Frazier's Farm. 
Poellhitz, Jas., discharged. 

Rogers, Hugh, made prisoner at Frazier's Farm. 
Rogers, Henry, killed at Frazier's Farm, 
Ross, T. F.. killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Ross, W. C, killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Sollie, F. E., taken prisoner at Gettysburg. 
Singleton, Jas., killed at Gettysburg. 
Steadman, John, wounded; discharged. 
Spivey, Jas., killed at Spottsylvania. 
Stephenson, W. H., hospital steward. 
Shaw, Paul G., killed at Petersburg, June 22, 1S(.4. 
Thomas, "Dock." discharged. 
Tyce, Dan'l, killed at Frazier's Farm. 
Tyce, Frank, killed near Asheville after surrender. 
Tucker, Henry, died. 



Tucker, James, died at Manassas. 

Tucker, Thomas, died in Fort Delaware. 

Yarner, James, killed at Frazier's Farm. 

Yarner. Sam., killed at Frazier's Farm. 

Wade, Thos., killed at Frazier's Fram. 

Walker Nath., woune'ed at Petersburg, died. 

Wade. Wm., died of wound received at Richmond. 

Worthington, Wm.. died. 

Witherspoon, Thos. M., Adjt. Gen. forW. H. Forney. 

Williams, Joe, died. 

Williams, Wm., wounded. 

Woodson. Rev., lost an arm at Manassas. 

Woodson. Lev., killed. 

The following were paroled at Appomattox: 

John B. Rains, Captain: Wm. B. Young, First 
Lieutenant: John Adams, Second Lieutenant; Thos. 
M. Witherspoon, Adjutant General; Henry Brame, 
John Llaekwell, John Hlakenev, W. C. Morgan, 
Frank Tyce, Ben McClinton, Wm. Griffith. Robert 
Allen. S. I). Ogletree, Benj. Ogletree, and William 
Worthington. 

These additional names are given without report 
as to what became of the men. 

Allen. Robt.; Llaekwell. John; Bush, Dock.; Blake- 
ne\ , John; Carter, John: Eskridge, J. ; Earniss, Wm. ; 
Fifer, Chas.; Griffith, Wm.; Gilmore, Thos., Basil 
and Alban; Huckabee, Lucius: Jones, Wm.; Jolly. 
Wm.; Lee, Jas. E. ; McFarlane, Thos. ; McClinton, 
Benj.; Morgan, W. C. and A. J.; Norris, Frank; 
Pearl, Jas.; Rogers, E. ; Reeves, Wm.; Rains, Jno. 
B., Captain; Suggs, Simon, Smith, Wm.; Stevison, 
Frank; Yarner, John; Walker, Wm.; Wilkerson, J.; 
Wayne, Alex.; Witherspoon, Dr. Wm. ; Young, W. 
B., First Lieutenant. 

Comrade Hogan resides at Springfield, Mo. 



Confederate Relics fob the Centenni m.. --Com- 
rade W. J. Travis, Tullahoina. Tenn., has a collec- 
tion of some 300 Confederate relics which will be on 
exhibition at the Tennessee Centennial. In the lot 
there is a "well-preserved pie" in a glass case, baked 
by a Confederate soldier in 1863. There are spe< i- 
mens of carpets woven during the war, and a piece of 
the tree under which Gen. Starucs was mortally 
wounded, near Tullahoina, in 1863. Friend Travis 
has a large apartment of old guns, sabers, shells, 
canteens and many historical documents. This relic 
feature should be very prominent at the Centennial. 



W. G. Whitefield, Paducah, Ky.: I wish to know 

the name of Confederate officer who was killed at 
Wautaga, Tenn.. Sept. 29, '<>4, live miles below Car- 
ter's Station, in a hand-to-hand encounter with the 
Fifteenth Pennsylvania and Sixteenth Kentucky 
Cavalry, Gi Hem's Command. He was tall and slender, 
wore long black whiskers, and rode a black horse. 



Comrade Geo. D. Branard, Secretary of Hood's 
Texas Brigade Association skives to the press that 
"already the old members of the brigade have begun 
planning to attend the next reunion, which will be 
held in Huntsville, June 27, and that many of the 
old soldiers wall go from there to Richmond, Ya., 
to attend the reunion of the United Confederate 
Veterans." 



52 



Qopfederate l/eterai?. 



SOUTHERN SENTIMENT. 
By Daniel Bond, Nashville, Tenn. 

(Continuation ol Article in Januftr; Vltkban.) 

The South again having- entered the Union, sur- 
rendered all that was claimed of her. To the new 
Amendments of the Constitution she is as loyal as 
she was to the old. In fact, the Constitution rinds 
its true defenders from this section. It is as much 
our Union and our flag- as it ever was. Brave sol- 
diers will spring- forward from this section as quick- 
ly as from any other to defend it against foreig-n foe. 

Tennessee is to-day as much an integral part 
of this Union as Vermont, and is just as proud of 
our great Republic; yet the Governor of this State 
was quite rig-ht when he told the Governor of that, 
at the dedication of Chickamaug-a Park, we would 
certainly teach our children that in the great 
struggle — in which thousands gave up their lives 
at Chickamauga and elsewhere — we fought for 
the right. And our war Governor was right 
in his reply when President Lincoln, on the 15th of 
April, 1861, called upon the Governors of the sev- 
eral States for militia — 75,000 in the aggregate — to 
suppress '-certain combinations" in the seceding 
States. 

"Tennessee will vol furnish a single man for coer- 
cion, bit t jo, ooo, if necessary, for the defense of otcr 
rig his or those of our Southern brethren.' 1 '' 

Yet, I think all resentment against the North on 
the part of the people of the South died with the 
closing of the war. Having submitted their cause 
to the arbitrament of the sword, and the decision 
being against them, they quietly submitted. In 
place of this, there was a warm feeling of friend- 
ship for the Northern soldier who had fought so 
bravely for a restoration of the Union. 

On the contrar}-, I think a hatred of the South 
began at the North only with the close of the war. 
Else, why the hanging of the helpless man Wirz, 
for not feeding sufficient!) - the prisoners of war that 
were refused exchange by their own people, when 
our own soldiers were starving? Why the hanging 
of poor, innocent Mrs. Surratt? Why the order com- 
manding every rebel soldier to cut off the buttons 
from his old gra\ jacket? Why the manacling and 
chaining of Jefferson Davis in a casemate of a fort 
from which there could be no possibility of escape? 
And yet they dared not submit the question of his 
treason to the courts! 

What a commentary it would have been — after 
fighting four years to make treason odious, after 
destroying the South — to find there had been no 
treason! 

Why such expressions from representative men of 
the North like this from Henry Ward Beecher, who 
said in a sermon: "Those who suffered in the South 
were not mart}'rs in a good cause, but convicts in a 
bad one," and "who shall comfort them that sit by 
dishonored graves?" 

Why should our brothers at the North approve 
the attempt by the old fanatic, John Brown to 
massacre the slave holders of Virginia with the help 
of their slaves? Why do they eulogize him as the 
noblest of heroes? Why should the conquen d South 
have been subjected to the bitterness of reconstruc- 



tion, her people refused the privilege of the ballot, 
and the heel of the ignorant negro placed upon the 
neck of the proudest people of all America? Why 
should the Secretary of Staie have inlormed the 
Pan-American Congress that there was nothing 
worth visiting South of the Potomac River? 

It has been said that the injured one can always 
forgive, but that he who maliciously wounds 
another can never forgive his victim. 

The writer saw armed Federal soldiers guarding 
the graves of the few Confederate soldiers buried in 
a corner at Arlington, on the 30th of May, 1868, to 
prevent the Southern ladies of Washington from 
placing flowers on their grazes. 

Is there any one in the whole South who can un- 
derstand the wild frenzy and rabid utterances of a 
Governor of a Western State at the prospect of a 
return of some old flags to certain organizations in 
the South — who wished them as souvenirs — twenty 
years after the war was over? Why is it that par- 
tisan school books and histories must be continually 
written, filled with such falsehoods, when the au- 
thors could easily discover the truth if they desired 
it? 

Why should continual effort be made to impress 
the seeker after truth with a belief that the South 
attempted to destroy the government by making 
war upon it, when that South attempted peaceably to 
secede from a contract after the conditions were 
broken? 

The South to-day thoroughly appreciates Abra- 
ham Lincoln, and is proud of him as an American 
citizen. The children of the North are still taught 
the silly old lie of Jefferson Davis' capture in women's 
clothes. That it has been disproved again and 
again, by his actual captors, and never had any 
basis except a waterproof cloak, seems of no conse- 
quence. 

A prominent statesman, afterwards a candidate 
for the Presidency, declared on the floor of the House 
of Representatives that the Southern leaders in the 
war were more cruel than the Duke of Alva in the 
Lowlands, and further stated that he fully realized 
the awfulness of such a charge. 

He knew, of course, that there were fewer deaths 
and more prisoners in the South, more deaths and 
fewer prisoners at the North; that food and medi- 
cine was scarce in the former, and plentiful in the 
latter. He thought the horrible lie would be useful 
politically. 

I have never seen a solitary instance, in the 
Northern so-called histories, of a battle in which the 
Union army was defeated but what the relative 
strength of the two armies was falsely given At 
Chickamauga recently a Northern statesman, in his 
speech, draws the inference from the number of reg- 
iments engaged on each side, that the Southern troops 
outnumbered their adversaries, while scarceh a 
Southern regiment contained more than three hun- 
dred men. Vol. 50, fficial War Records, show the 
Federal force to havi been fullv 90.000 men: while 
Gen. Bragg's report and Maj. Falconer's statement 
Vol. 52, War Records, show the Confederate forces 
to have been 48,000. 

The surrender at Appomattox is a favorite theme 
for misrepresentation and falsehood. (The truth 



Confederate l/eterap. 



53 




Yacht Deerhound 
(Royal Yacht Squadron.) 

Tliis fast blockade runner (Engraving from Lieut. Sinclair's Two Years on the Alabama) lay in the 
dock at Galveston, ready to carry money to Cuba lor President Davis, who expected to escape From I 
gia to that Island, and then join Kirbv-Smith in Texas to make a final struggle tor the Confederacy, when 

it was ascertained that ".ill was lost save honor. 



there can never suffice the average Northern writer. > 
That Lee's small army of less than 2(>,ililii men, the 
most of whom had been without food lor two days, 
should have been all that were conquered there by 
the great Army of Grant, seems rather to reflect a 
glory on the Rebels than upon the Northern soldiers, 
and will not do. 

Gen. Grant says he recognized the famishing con- 
dition of Lee's Army and offered to supply it with 
rations, which were gratefully accepted by Lee. 
Upon inquiry by him as to the number of men in his 
army, Gen. Lee replied about 25,000 men. It was 
afterwards found that there were i ot nearly so many, 
as some thousands had straggled off during the re- 
treat in search ol food. AreGenerals Lee and Grant 
to be believed ? 

The scenes connected with the surrender must 
also lie productive of false and foolish fiction. 
The average school boy can dramatically recite how 
Gen. Grant refused to receive the tendered sword of 
Gen Lee: but with noble mein and gesture bade him 
keep it. as he knew no one more worthy to bear it. 
The fact that both of these Generals denied that any 
such incident occurred, that any sword was either 
offered or returned, goes for naught. Lately, the 
Secretary of the Navy, a Southern man, gave his 
high authority to this silly tale. 

Lit us have a true history of the Civil War. It is 
quite time, since that war ended more than thirty 
years ago. Let every statement be verified by its 
author. If the total strength of the Southern 
armies was less than 700,000 men, ami that of the 
Northern armies was greater than 2,700,000; if the 



disparity in regard to arms and supplies wis infin- 
itely greater; il one army was well clothed, well 
fed. and well paid; while the other was clothed, not 
by the Government, but by friends at home, with 
homespun cloth woven in their looms, was p. orly 
fed, and not paid at all. i or what amount- 
nothing, the little pay that was finally given the 
soldiers being treated by them as a joke); if the 
smaller army resisted the greater for four years and 
was the victor in nearly every contest where the 
forces were anything like equal if these are facts, 
then by all means let the generation growing up be 
duly informed. 

There is nothing so good in this world id' ours as 
the truth. 

If it is true that the Rebels killed more men than 
they had in their own entire army before they sur- 
rendered ; if it is true that the ( lovernment is pa ying 
pensions to more persons than were in that army, 
let it be so written. 

If the number of Northern soldiers who were 
wounded, Frightened or badly demoralized during 
the war. and if persons who were dependent upon 
them, amount to more than nine hundred and sixty 
nine thousand, and may soon reach a million, and 
the amount ptid them fast year was more thai 
hundred and forty million dollars, let the historian 
note the fact that the last gun was fired more than 
thirty years ago. Many id' these pensioners must 
have reached the age of a hundred \ears, in fact, all 
of them who entered the army at sixty-live. Mar- 
velous fact for the future historian lo note! All 
who enlisted at the commencement of the war at 



54 



Confederate l/eteran. 



the age of thirty-five must now be three score and 
ten. 

Commissioner Win. L. Lochren, of the Pension 
Office, in his late annual report, and commenting on 
above figures, says: 

"Those men who entered early and fought the 
battles of the war were not moved by mercenary 
considerations, and unless actually disabled did not 
show the haste in applying for pensions manifested 
by those who enlisted near the close of the war for 
large bounties, and did little active service and who 
are now the noisiest in clamoring for more pen- 
sions. As compared with this latter class, the real 
soldiers of the war have been modest in preferring 
claims for pensions." 

Now, if Mr. Lochren is telling the truth, make a 
note of it, and if he speaks falsel}-, let it be shown. 

We must not forget the glorious memories of the 
Old South. The "business interest" must not be 
allowed to destroy all sentiment. Enterprise and 
thrift are well enough, but there are some signs in 
this desire for an exchange of old ideas for the new 
that stem but taking the false for the true. 

The old time Southerner, with all of his exagger- 
ated pride and pompous manner, was a man of un- 
flinching probity and would not lie nor steal. 

Some of the financial agents of the New Regime 
can do both. The defaulting trustee, the "piomo- 
ter" and the tramp, unheard of under the old dis- 
pensation, are very much in evidence under the new. 

And the old time hospitality of the South! It is 
going too. Perhaps there is none of this charac- 
teristic mark of the dear old days left — so illustra- 
tive of a warm, unselfish heart — save in portions of 
old Virginia and the Carolinas. 

Business suggests that we entertain those who 
entertain us, or worse still, that we do it as a stroke 
of business advertising; and selfish greed is now 
really the basis of this old Southern virtue. There 
is not much of it left but a conventional fiction. 

A very large immigration to the South is not, I 
think, to be desired. The occupation of this fair 
land by millions of people not to the manner born, as 
is the case in the northwest, means an end to pa- 
triotism and noble sentiment. Though we stock 
the land with people as thickly as China, though 
we build factories upon every hillside and pollute 
every beautiful stream with their refuse, though 
we erect palaces for the men who own the factories 
and possess a hundred million dollars and ten thou- 
sand slaves, — whom they do not even feed or clothe 
— the tin-bucket brigade, who work in factories — 
yet the change is hardly to be desired. 

There is something better than wealth, some- 
thing dearer than success. Let us cultivate and 
renew the virtues of the Old South, while we gather 
from our Northern brethren whatever they can give 
us that may be of present use. And let us ever 
keep fresh in our hearts proud recollections of the 
patient endurance, the indomitable resolution, and 
the matchless heroism of the Rebels of '7f> and '61. 

There will come a time when justice will be done 
Southern song. Southern sentiment, and South- 
ern heroism. Wise statesmen will 3 r et arise who 



will realize, as Charles Sumner did, that since the 
Union has been restored, it is not the part of the 
patriotic lover of that Union to attempt to perpet- 
uate by emblem, device, or statute the fact that one 
part of the country had subjugated another part, 
that brothers of the same race had once been en- 
gaged in bloody Civil War. 

Is there any distinction made to-day in England 
between the descendants of - the followers of the Red 
Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York? 
Those who followed the Duke of Monmouth and those 
who remained true to King James the Second have 
become merged into one family. This, despite the 
fact that King James, with the help of JeiTrys the 
brute, seemed determined to hang every one of the 
"base rebels." Again, when this same James is con- 
quered in turn by the Prince of Orange, does our 
mother country attempt to brand the adherents of 
either with shame? Though Cromwell's body was 
removed from its grave to be brutally mutilated by 
royal authority— that treason be made odious — the 
English historian of the present day writes him 
down the hero that he was. 

Can there be any doubt that the future will do 
full justice to the South's heroic struggle, her brave 
soldiery, and her great Captain? 

The Southern soldier gets no pension from his 
Government, and does not wish it. The graves of 
our bravest are unmarked, while those of the Union 
soldier are grouped in beautiful cemeteries. But 
these very differences serve but to defeat the pur- 
poses — to place a false stigma upon the South and its 
heroes. Love is stronger than hate, the touch 
of nature that makes the whole world kin warms 
the heart, and universal sympathy is poured out for 
the unsuccessful and the vanquished, and not for 
the fortunate and the conqueror. 

The monuments at Chiekamauga Park, which 
show the position of the various Union regiments 
and batteries at the time of the battle, serve but to 
cause the inquiries: "Who were the troops who 
opposed them? Where were the men posted who 
drove this great army from that field? It is of 
these I desire to hear." 

Oh! Men of the South, only be true to yourselves, 
and your vindication is as certain as the final tri- 
umph of truth itself. 

Let your loyalty to our Government be unques- 
tioned, but do not for one moment forget the dear 
and tender memories of the old time. 

In your enthusiasm for the old flag, and an 

appropriation, do not stultify yourselves by one sin- 
gle word against that cause for which the noblest 
heroes that song or story ever recorded so freely 
gave their lives. 

How could Phelan, in his history of Tennessee, 
written more than twenty years after the war, omit 
all mention of that mighty struggle, and the part 
borne in it by Tennesseans! Great tragedy of 
Hamlet, with the part portrayed by the Prince of 
Denmark omitted! 

Let us unite with generous Mr. Rouss in build- 
ing a beautiful Memorial Abbey, wherein may be 
treasured the dear mementoes of our glorious strug- 



Confederate l/eteran. 



55 



gle and the records of heroism displayed by the gen- 
tle and brave Confederate soldier; 

"The knightliest of l he knightly race, 

Who since the days of old. 
Have kept 1 he lamps of chivalry 

Alight in hearts of gold — 
The kindliest of the kindly band 

who. rarely hating ease, 
Yet rode with Smith around the land 

And llaleigli round the seas." 



TRIBUTE TO PATRIOTIC CITIZENS. 



In connection with what I have written about 
Southern sentiment, I'desire to ask the assistance of 
the veterans in preserving the life of that glorious 
songster of the Southland, the mocking bird. 

He has been well nigh exterminated. The young 
negro with gun and pebble-shooter makes continual 
war upon him. He seeks the society of man for his 
protection, but is no longer afforded it. The nest 
near the country farm house and in the village gar- 
den becomes the prey of the small boy, who has 
found that the Northern visitor is willing to pay a 
small stipend for a young one. Every spring the 
Northern visitor, returning to his chilly climate, 
must take home one of these birds in a cage. The 
poor exile soon dies — he cannot live outside of 
Dixie. The "business interest" of the English 
sparrow does not permit a song bird in the towns, 
and every year the mocking bird becomes scarcer. 

Will not every Southern Veteran assist in putting 
a stop to the extermination of this bird? 

There is a provision in the laws of this State — 
Tennessee — applying to a few counties only, which 
make it unlawful to kill or capture any song bird or 
destroy the nest or eggs of same; but it does not 
serve the purpose for which it was intended, even 
in the few counties to which it applies, because a 
prosecutor is required. 

What is needed is a statute making such an out- 
rage a misdemeanor, for which a grand jury can 
present an indictment, and the penalty should be 
fixed at a fine not less than ten dollars. 

Let us unite in saving our sweet singer from de- 
struction, whose notes so faith lull v translate and 
portray the mj-steries of human sentiment— its 
joys, its hopes, its bright aspirations, its sorrows 
and its miseries in tuneful melody. Let us ask the 
help of every member of every Legislature of every 
Southern Slate, and the Governor of each State to 
save the mocking bird before it is too late. Once 
gone, he is gone forever. 



Maj. R. G. Cross of Rome, Ga., who was Adju- 
tant of the Twentv-fifth and Forty fourth Tennes- 
see Regiments under Bushrod Johnson in Lee's 
Armv. writes a vivid account of a visit by citizens 
of Richmond and refugees who were stopping 
there, to the front, and of Gen. Lee's gracious atten- 
tions to them. It was a beautiful autumn after- 
noon and, as it happened, all was quiet at the front. 
Gen. Lee was gracious in his greetings, and as his 
visitors bade him adieu his manner indicated his 
implicit confidence in his army. It was a pleasant 
and certainly a memorable event to those who were 
present. 



Mrs. M. C. Saufley sends the following note and 
original official letter: 

As one of the ladies of McMinnville who found a 
genuine pleasure in contributing in any way to the 
advancement of a beloved cause, I send this paper 
for publication in the VETERAN. I was at that time 
a very young girl, and have preserved this paper as 
a highly prized relic of the war. 

Headquarters Ninth Texas Infantry, [ 
McMinnville, Dec. l, 1862. I 

The Colonel commanding the Ninth Texas Infan- 
try, desires, upon leaving, to express in behalf of his 
Regiment the sincerest thanks for the kindness and 
patriotic treatment they have experienced at the 
hands of the citizens of McMinnville and vicinity. 
And especially are we grateful to the ladies fur their 
kind attention to our sick. 

The remembrance of our stay at McMinnville will 
long continue to be a bright ground of the privations 
and hardships of war. In return, we can only 
promise that we will vie with the boldest and brav- 
est of your noble sons ami brothers in defence of 
your altars ami firesides. By command of 

Col. Wm. II. Young. 

R. T. LUCKETT, Adjt. 



A VETERAN'S GOLDEN WEDDING. 



A Confederate comrade requests the following: 
Capt. J. C. Dodds, Company "D" 177th Regiment, 
New York Infantry, and his wife celebrated their 
golden wedding on the 20th of Nov. mber last. 

Capt. Doilds was born in Scotland in 1820, came 
to the United States in '44, c ist his tirst vote for Gen. 
Tavlor for President. On President Lincoln's call for 
troops, joined the Regiment named above, which 
embarked for New Orleans. He was wounded at 
Port Hudson. Capt. Dodds considers that the war 
ended at Appomattox, and is a true friend to all 
poor worthy Confederates. To them, as well as to 
the old Union soldiers, he is a comrade in every 
sense of the wo r d. Capt. Dodds has resided in St. 
Louis for fifteen years. 



H. M. McAfee, Salvisa, Ky., in renewing his 
subscription and sending contribution to Sam Davis 
Monument, says: I loved the Confederate cause, 
and mv heart was almost broken when it went down 
in defeat. I belonged to Gen. John II. Morgan's 
Command, and was with him on the raid through 
Indiana and Ohio. Was one of his scouts that cap- 
tured the two steamboats by which he crossed the 
Ohio to the Indiana shore. 

I was captured in Ohio and languished in a 
Northern prison nineteen months, two lon>. r , cold 
winters at Camp Douglas. Was sent around to 
Kichmondjust before Lie surrendered, and walked 
from Richmond, Ya.. to Danville, Ky., across the 
mountains where there was hardly enough to feed 
a bird, and had no one to help me along but the 
bushwhackers, and they assisted me very often by 
shooting at me from high places. 



56 



Confederate Ueterap. 



RUNNING FIGHT OF ROSSER AND CUSTER. 



Comrade C. H. Vandiver, who was a lieutenant in 
the Seventh Virginia Cavalry, writes from Page 
City, Mo., Aujc. 2Uth '95: The cavalry fighting be- 
tween our brigade (Rosser's) and the Federal cav- 
alry under Custer, the 4th of Way, 1864, on the 
Catharpin road, just preceding the Spoltsylvania 
series of engagements between the torcesof Lee and 
Grant, was one of the hottest in which we partici- 
pated during the war, and as the fight was attended 
with incidents that ma)- interest the old soldiers 
and amuse some, I relate what memory retains of 
that thrilling conflict. Early in the morning of 
that day our pickets were run in and the stirring 
bugle call summoned us "to horse." As it turned 
out, General Custer, with a heavy body of cavalry, 
was making a reconnoissance on this road. General 
Rosser met him with White's Battalion, supported by 
our regiment and followed by the Eleventh and 
Twelfth in the order named, li was a running fight 
for several miles, and principally a charge in col- 
umn of fours, the head of the column doing most of 
the fighting, the flanks being so obstructed by thick 
Undergrowth that rapid advance was impossible. 
And as the Federals were falling back, the line of 
battle receded faster than the flanking squadrons 
could move in the brush. 

Owing to the capture and imprisonment of Capt. 
Kuykendall and Lieut. Parker, I commanded Com- 
pany F. As we charged down the uneven old plank 
road, the rattle of small arms, and shouts in front, 
indicated where the worst of battle raged, and the 
wounded being carried back, the prisoners under 
guard, here and there a dead blue or gray draped 
cavalier, told of the execution in front. 

We continued to near the rear of active partici- 
pation as the head of the column was worn off, or 
retired to reload, and give place to the fresh sup- 
porting followers. I kept my men well in line, 
knowing our time would come, and shortly we 
reached an old field dotted with scrubby pines, sage 
grass and sumach bushes. Here the enemy had 
formed a line of battle, throwing out squadrons on 
both sides of the road, that with carbines enfiladed 
the column coming out of the timber. Gen. Rosser 
and Staff were in a group to our left. He was wav- 
ing his saber and directing the charge as new forces 
emerged in the wake. Those in advance of us were 
scattered and disorganized, and it was' with a feel- 
ing of pride I brought my company into the arena, 
every file in its place ready for the onset. I soon 
observed that the Federal line began to waver and 
that it was a good opportunity for Company F. to 
win glorv. Riding- to the front. I said to my men: 
"Now, Company F., lets make a wedge for them;" 
and drew my saber to lead. Just then a ball struck 
my horse, a magnificent bay - , in the jugular vein of 
his neck. The blood gushed out in a stream, he 
fell, and I escaped to terra firma. My noble steed 
rose to his haunches, lunged, floundered around and 
straightened out, to die. 

Sergeant Kain quickly brought me his horse and I 
was quickly rcmounled. We were within two hun- 
dred yards of the Yankees, and I had noticed that as 
their line wavered, a squadron commander bravely 



exhorted his men to stand, but they broke away. 
He rode deliberately to our front with uplifted hand 
in token of surrender. Several revolvers covered 
him; however, there was no harm meditated and 
when near enough be exclaimed, apparently livid 
with rage, "I surrender. I had rather be a prisoner 
than command any such a d set of cowards." 

At that moment the Eleventh came out of the 
woods on a charge led by Major Ed. McDonald, and 
away we all went with a j-ell into the now broken 
ranks of the foe, wounding and capturing many in 
the rout. As we were scouring the timber through 
which the enemy fled, picking- up prisoners, loose 
horses, and accoutrements, scattered on both sides of 
the road, my eye rested upon a Federal officer 
crouched behind a tree. I called upon him to come 
out, and he crept from his hiding place, cowering 
with fear. He wore the stripes of a lieutenant. 

After taking his arms I called for the canteen, a 
newly covered and handsome trick. He hesitated 
and gave up the canteen with more reluctance than 
his arms. When the demand was repeated, he 
begged the privilege of taking "one more swag." 
I then discovered it contained fighting whiskey. 
The lieu'enant was himself pretty well charged. 
I told him to take "one more," but touch it light, as 
he was then under its influence. He gave the 
mouth a prolonged kiss and handed it over. I de- 
livered him to the prisoners' guard and saw him no 
more. 

Custer and Rosser were old classmates, and when 
the latter ascertained who confronted him, he wrote 
a note which was left at a farm house when we with- 
drew, addressed to "Fannie Custer" (Fannie was 
his nickname at school, because he wore long yellow 
hair). The note was in effect: 

"Headouar. &C, 

Dear Fannie: Come over to see me and bring 
your people. Rosser." 

Custer's reply was substantially*, 

"You return my call made this morning. 

Fannie." 



HOW A BRAVE MAN WAS TREATED. 



Hon. John H. Savage, of Smartt. Tenn., accepted 
the explanation made for use in the last Vetekan 
of his extraordinary venture upon a company of 
Federal troops: 

"I suppose you did right to publish my brief reply 
concerning the capture of the Federal pickets on 
Stewart's run. I treated them kindly. Some of 
them seemed mortified and said to me, 'We are not 
cowards; we could have killed you as you rode by 
us.' I replied, Y'es. I know that; but I did not think 
a whole company would fire upon one lone man.' 
This pleased them. Thie company and its regiment 
was at Smithville some days while Buell and Bragg 
were marchings in parallel columns for Kentucky. 
The citizens informed me that 1(J0 regiments placed 
a guard at my law office to protect it, saying that 
nothing belonging to me should be injured. 1 found 
my books and fine clothes all safe, while trespasses 
upon others were committed." 



Roofed era te Vetera p. 



57 



COL. WILLIAM P. ROGERS. 




There is in Texas what is known as the Rogers' 
Monument Association, created for the purpose of 

erecting' and maintaining' 
a monument to Col. W. P. 
Rogers, whose heroic 
death at the head of his 
command, the Second Tex- 
as Infantry, in storming 
Fort Bobinett, Corinth, 
Miss., October 4, 1862, 
gives lustre to the courage 
of the American soldier. 
Membership in the Asso- 
ciation may be secured 
upon the payment of five 
dollars -and it may be 
paid by installments. Jno. 
N. Simpson, President of 
the National Exchange Bank, of Dallas, Texas, is 
the Treasurer. 

In a sketch of Col. Rogers, Chas. I. Evans, of Dal- 
las, pays fine tribute to his high character. 

Col. W. P. Doran, of Hempstead, Texas, states: 
"On the morning of the first days fight atShiloh, 
the regiment was forming a line of battle when 
Lieut. -Col. Rogers dashed up on his fine horse. He 
had been absent from the regiment a month on sick 
leave. He rose from a sick bed to go into the bat- 
tle and went through the two day's tight unwell. 
The whole regiment gave a Texas yell, which the 
officers tried to check, because it would reveal the 
location of our army to Grant's troops. A similar 
yell was made when Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston 
visited the Texas troops the day before the battle 
(Saturday), but he waived silence with his hand." 

"The children of Col. Rogers are J. H. Rogers, 
Corsicana, Tex.; Mrs. H. G. Damon, Corsicana, 
Tex.; Mrs. F. A. Harris, San Saba, Tex., and Mrs. 
John T. Bolton, Wharton, Texas." 

Extract. from a letter of Mrs. H. N. Bringhurst, 
daughter of Gen. Sam Houston to Mr. Covner: 

"Recalling your tribute to Col. W. P. Rogers 
two or three years ago, I send you one of the circu- 
lars which you may not have seen. Please let me 
know whether you have a copy of an article of yours 
in the News entitled 'The Gallant W. P. Rogers,'— 
about a column in length? I wish you would re- 
produce the main points in another sketch — bring- 
ing out the various tributes from officers on the field. 
Col. Rogers was my mother's cousin. Now, please 
prepare something in aid of the monument under 
way. One of your sketches would arouse sleeping 
patriotism more than many circulars." 

To Luther Coyner, of San Diego, Texas, the 
Veteran is indebted for many notes about Col. 
Rogers. He has written thrilling accounts in prose 
and poetry. The Second Regiment went from 
Houston Texas in March, '62, and was at Corinth. 
Col. John C. Moore commanded the regiment, but 
upon his promotion to command a brigade, the 
Lieut. Col., W. P. Rogers, was likewise promoted. 
General Van Dorn, in his official report of this 



battle, has this clause about the gallant Colonel 
Rogers: "I cannot refrain, however, from men- 
tioning here the conspicuous gallantry of a noble 
Texan, whose deeds at Corinth are the constant 
theme of both friends and foes. As long as cour- 
age, manliness, fortitude, patriotism and honor 
exist the name of Rogers will be revered and hon- 
ored among men. He fell at the front of battle and 
died beneath the colors of his regiment, in the very 
center of the enemy's stronghold. He sleeps, and 
glory is his sentinel." 

Gen. D. H. Maury writes, in his official report oi 
this battle: "General Moore took his brigade into the 
main part of the town of Corinth, * * and a 
part of his brigade, including the Second Texas 
Regiment, led by Colonel Rogers, entered the in- 
nermost works of Corinth." 

Gen. William L. Cabell, in his official report of 
this battle, writes: "The ground in front of the 
breastworks was literally covered with the dead and 
wounded of both friend and foe, the killed and 
wounded of the enemy being nearly, if not fully, 
two to our one." 

Gen. Rosecrans, in an address to his men, stated: 
"You killed and buried 1423 officers and men, some 
of their distinguished officers falling, among whom 
was the gallant Col. Rogers, of the Second Texas, 
who bore their colors at the head of his storming 
column to the edge of the ditch of Battery Bobinett, 
where he fell." 

And in his report this Federal General wrote: "I 
shall leave to pens dipped in poetic ink to inscribe 
the gorgeous pyrotechny of the battle and paint in 
words of fire the heroes of this fight. I will only 
say that when Price's left bore down on our center 
in gallant style, their force was so overpowering 
that our wearied and jaded troops yielded and fell 
back, scattering among the houses. I had the per- 
sonal mortification of witnessing this untoward and 
untimely stampede. Riddled and scattered, the 
ragged head of Price's right storming columns ad- 
vanced to near the house, north side of the square, 
where it was greeted by a storm of grape which sent 
them whirling back. * * * * 

About twenty minutes after the attack on our right 
the enemy advanced in four columns on Batterj 
Bobinett, and were treated to grape and canister 
until within fifty yards, when the Ohio brigade 
arose and gave them a murderous fire of musketry, 
before which they reeled and fell back to the woods. 
They, however, gallantly reformed and advanced 
again to the charge, led by Colonel Rogers, of the 
Second Texas." 

There are many thrilling accounts. 

J. L. Mayo, of Dickinson, Texas, a year ago 
sent a vivid story to the Alabama Press of the 
rivalry between the Second Texas, commanded by- 
Col. Rogers, and the Forty-second Alabama, com 
manded in that battle by Col. J. W. Portis. The 
Alabamians were fresh then, while the Texans fell 
as Veterans. "Captain George Foster, of the For- 
ty-second Alabama Regiment, declared: 'They 
sha'n't beat us to those breastworks,' and they did'nt. 
While Col. Rogers was with us the order to charge 



58 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



sounded, and the brigade sprang- to its feet. Col. 
Rogers, unsheathing- his sword, cried, 'Forward 
Texans!' Our gallant Captain, raising his sword, 
echoed, 'Forward Alabamians!' 

"The timber had been felled so that Col. Rogers 
could not use his horse, and he sprang from his 
horse, and he and Foster, side by side, led their 
men, and, though nearly half were killed and 
wounded, Bobinett was soon ours. It was only for 
a few minutes, however, for a fresh line of reserves 
was hurled against us and we were forced to aban- 
don it. When this fresh line approached, Col. Rog- 
ers and Capt. Foster were standing together on the 
earthworks. With a look of despair, Foster turned 
to the remnant of his company and said: 'Boys, you 
had better get away from here.' Just then the ad- 
vancing Federals fired a volley, and those brave 
spirits sank down, riddled by bullets. A photo- 
graphic view of the dead revealed that Col. Rogers 
and Captain Foster lay dead almost in touch of each 
other." 

Comrade Mayo wants Alabama to honor her noble 
Captain, George W. Foster, with a monument. 

So many, man}' sketches have been given of Col. 
Rogers' heroism and death, the Veteran will not 
undertake, as was at first intended, to give an elab- 
orate account. 

A Northern writer for syndicates had this to say: 
A Federal officer who was present says of the 
Confederates: "When our infantry opened on them 
the}' marched steadily to death with their faces 
averted, like men striving to protect themselves 
from a driving storm of hail. The assailing col- 
umn pressed on and captured the battery, throwing 
the whole of Davies' Division into confusion. * * 
"On the left there was another desperate conflict. 
It was essential to the success of the Confederates 
that they should take battery Bobinett. To do this 
they weie compelled to march across a rugged 
ravine, through dense thickets and over an abattis, 
exposed all the way to the concentrated fire of bat- 
teries Bobinett and Williams. The attempt seemed 
audacious, and the daring was something sublime. 
One of Maury's brigades is in the lead, and they 
push forward, stumbling over the wounded and the 
dead. Col. W. P. Rogers, of the Second Texas, 
reaches the parapet, with his revolver in one hand 
and battle flag in the other, and for an instant it 
floats side by side with the flag of the Union, then 
the brave officer falls dead in his tracks. Another 
brigade swarms over the breastwork and fills the 
redoubt. And now a terrible hand to hand conflict 
ensues. Bayonets are used, muskets are clubbed, 
and men are even knocked down with fists. Finally 
the Confederates give way and hurriedly fall back to 
the cover of the woods. Over 200 had fallen in the 
assault, and the ditch in front of the redoubt was 
literally filled with the dead. Col. Rogers, who 
had been a Captain in the First Mississippi Rifles 
in the Mexican war, was buried not far from the 
spot on which he fell, and his grave was inclosed 
by the Federals and marked with a slab to testify 
their admiration for his gallant charge." 



GAVEL FROM LIBERTY BELL MATERIAL. 



Comrade J. L. McCollum, a most remarkable man, 
has presented his Camp, theN. B. Forrest, of Chat- 
tanooga, a gavel made from a spoke originally in- 
tended for the permanent carriage to the bell. In 
a letter to J. W. Bachman, Chaplain of the Camp 
— and, by the way, to whom readers are indebted for 
a much worn copy of "Marse Robert is Asleep," in 
this number — he gives some notes about the bell: 

"It contains, as you know, historic and valuable 
relics from every nation of the world. There 
were 22,000 contributions from the different battle 
fields of the world, the door keys of Jefferson Davis' 
old house, a silver spoon used by John C. Calhoun, 
Simon Bolivar's watch chain, hinges from Abraham 
Lincoln's; old home, George Washington's surveying 
chain, Thomas Jefferson's old copper kettle, and flint 
lock of his old musket, even to the widow's mite, dug 
up from the pool of Bethesda, joined with a coin which 
was in circulation during the life of Christ, with the 
image and superscription of Ca;sar upon it; thimbles 
used by the women of '76, in sewing the garments of 
men in the revolution, with many old and precious 
souvenirs contributed by our Southern women, such 
as ear rings, finger rings, old coins, etc. There were 
in all 250,000 pennies contributed by the children of 
the world. These, with two bullets, one from the 
blue and one from the gray, intended for victims, 
which met in mid-air and welded together, were all 
melted in one mass, poured into the mold that shaped 
the great Columbian Liberty Bell. I have conceived 
the idea of having a g-avel made, and, as its bears 
such close relationship to the monument that marks 
our comrades' graves at Chicago, thought the mem- 
bers of N. B. Forrest Camp would appreciate it, and 
therefore it gives me great pleasure to present it 
through you to the Camp. The cord attached was 
used by the noble women referred to as decendants 
of Washington and Jefferson, who rang the bell at 
Chicago on the occasion of the unveiling of the Con- 
federate Monument there on the 30th of May, 1S95. 



Dr. Joe H. Jennings, who was Surgeon of the 
Nineteenth S. C. Infantry, sends a batch of sub- 
scribers from Plum Branch, S. C, and a report of 
the James Tillman Camp of Confederates organized 
at Parksville January 31st. 

Rufus Hurling, of Clark's Hill, and Eugene Free- 
land were elected Commander and Secretary. J. B. 
Stone, J. R. Blackwell and James Freeland were 
chosen Vice-Commanders, Dr. J. H. Cummings, Sur- 
geon, and Rev. G. W. Bussev, Chaplain. 

The Camp was named for Captain James Tillman, 
who died from battle wounds. The Veteran was 
made official organ of the Camp. 



Dick Dowling Camp and the Daughters of the 
Confederacy at Houston, Texas, with a joint enter- 
tainment in "Professor Morris' Illusion Show," 
cleared $175.90 and agreed to build an iron fence 
around the graves of some Confederate dead in the 
old cemetery there. 



Confederate Veteran. 



59 



CELEBRATION OF LEE'S BIRTHDAY. 



Gen. Lee's birthday, January 19, was not forgot- 
gen in his own Virginia. 

At Staunton the Stonewall Jackson Camp march- 
ed in a body from their hall to the Methodist 
Church under the direction of Commander S. D. 
Timberlake. The celebrated Stonewall band was 
located in the gallery, and contributed richly to 
the services. Rev. Dr. J. Hill Boyd delivered an ad- 
dress upon the life and character of Gen. Lee, 
choosing for his text, "A good name is rather to be 
chosen than great riches, etc." 

At Roanoke, on Monday, Gen. T. L. Rosser made 
an address at the Y. M. C. A. hall, under the au- 
spices of the Watts Camp of Veter.ins. 

In Fredericksburg there was a large military 
parade. 

At Alexandria there was a largo banquet in com- 
memoration of the event by the Lee Camp. 

Charlottsville "kept Sunday hours" and the banks 
were closed. 

Ashland gave highly creditable observance The 
W. B. Newton Camp of Veterans had a special 
meeting. It was "old soldiers day" with the Con- 
federates. Pending the arrival on noon train of 
Bishop Cranberry, interesting stories were told by 
comrades, Commander Irley conducting the exer- 
cises. The Bishop told of his life, his boyhood, 
his service in the Federal Army, afterward in the 
Confederate Army, and his manner of life as a pri- 
vate citizen. The audience rose in commendation 
of the address which concluded "* * returned 

the sword which he had promised never to draw 
save in defense of this good old Commonwealth, our 
loved mother, retiring in simple majesty of soul to 
the quiet walks of private life, content to share the 
fortunes of his people and setting the example of 
uncomplaining submission after surrender, as he 
had set the noble example of heroic resistance dur- 
ing hostilities; who. disdaining an old age of idle- 
ness, served his State and country to the latest 
hour, guiding her youth to fame in letters as he 
had once led them to fame in arms, teaching them 
the virtues of the civilian as he had once taught 
them the virtues of the soldier; whoso glory, like 
the sun at his setting, grow larger and more splen- 
did toward its tranquil close, and whoso reward, so 
far as earth can bestow it, is neither sordid lucre 
nor empty fragments, but the unanimous venera- 
tion and love of his countrymen- sentiments which 
shall not die with this generation, but bo taught 
our children and transmitted from ago to age as 
long as Virginia and the South are honored names." 

At Lexington, Virginia, most appropriate regard 
for the day was manifested. It was by Suspension 
of all Lectures at Washington and Lee University, 
the closing of the banks, the intermediate celebra- 
tion of Graham-Lee Literary Society of Washing- 
ton and Lee l T uiversitv. and a special session of 
Lee-Jackson Camp Confederate Veterans, No. 22, at 
which appropriate addresses were delivered by prom- 
inent Confederate officers and privates who fol- 
lowed the fortunes of Lee and Jackson. 

The anniversary falling on Sunday, the Virginia 
Military Institute suspended all duties on Saturday 



in honor of the day, but the University, as did the 
State at larg-e, observed Monday. 

The tomb of General Lee, in the mausoleum of 
the chapel of Washington and Lee University, and 
the sarcophagus, were appropriately strewn with 
flowers. General Lee was president of the Univer- 
sity at Lexington from the close of the war until 
his death, and his name is linked with it — Wash- 
ington and Lee University. 

At Petersburg there was a parade by the A. P. 
Hill Camp of Veterans. At night they built camp 
fires. Talks were entertaining by General Battle 
of North Carolina, General Stith Boiling-, Mr. 
Simon Seward, Dr. John H. Claiborne, Georg-e S. 
Bernard, R. B. Davis, Hon. Charles F. Collier, and 
by Comrades B. B. Vaughan, Freeman W. Jones, 
James W. Claiborne, and Antrobus Bond. 

Georgia, having made the date of Lee's birth a 
legal holida v, observed the event with high credit in 
many places. Ex-Governor Cameron came to At- 
lanta and made an address. He said, "* * In 
all that memorable career, there is not an act nor 
an utterance which sug-gests a motive less noble 
than a sense of duty. 

"That his resignation from the United States 
Armv was a step taken in sorrow and after severe 
conflict of mind, is not to be doubted by any who 
read the calm yet mournful letters in which, at this 
juncture, he announced his decision to his sister. 

"He severed the ties and relinquished the aspira- 
tion of a lifetime to enter upon a contest which pro- 
mised nothing- but loss and danger to him." 

Outlining General Lee's war record up to the 
close of 1S(>4, the speaker said: 

"Dark days wore upon us. The shadows of the 
inevitable wore beginning to obscure the brow of 
hope. It was as the winter fell that I first observed 
the deepened lines of care that not all the serenity 
of a soul at peace with God and itself could smooth 
from the countenance of General Lee. 

"The raven hair of four years before was already 
bleached into silvery, and, though too much a gen- 
tleman to betray abstraction, his speech, except on 
business, was rare. 

"In fact, at this period the peril and privations 
of the troops were never absent from his thoughts. 
So patient of privation himself, he was indignant 
at what he believed to b ' the neglect of the supply 
department in furnishing clothing and provisions to 
the men." 

In closing, Governor Cameron said. 

"He laid aside his stainless sword with less re- 
luctance than he had drawn it, and, without a 
sigh for the past, turned to the duties of the present. 

"Patiently instilling the lessons of virtue into 
the mind id' the Virginian youth, presiding at the 
vestry meetings of his church, foremost in unher- 
alded charities— so parsed the tew years that re- 
mained on earth to Robert K. Lee." 

North Carolina honors the memory of Gen. Lee's 
birth. A legal holiday at Raleigh was observed 
Monday by the closing of State offices, and the dis- 
play of Hags on the Capitol, also by the closing of 
banks. 

There were no parades or meetings. Several pas- 
tors in their sermons on Sunday made allusionr to 



60 



^opfederate l/eterap. 



General Lee, his life and character, an object lesson. 

The Contederate Veteran Camp of New York 
City had its annual dinner in honor of the occasion. 
There were present many distinguished Union vet- 
erans. At the first table, presided over by Com- 
mander Col. A. G. Dickinson, were Union Generals: 
Anson G. McCook, Daniel Butterfield, Daniel E. 
Seckles, Fitz John Porter, and Col. Fred D. Grant. 

There were 175 seated at seven tables in St. 
Denis hotel. At three of them J. T. Dickinson, 
Chairman of the Reception Committee, Maj. Ed- 
ward Owen, Chairman Dinner Committee, and Ad- 
jutant Thos. L. Moore, presided. 

Every Southern State could well enough and 
most appropriately make January 19th a legal holi- 
day, whether they had Confederate men in the Vir- 
ginia army or not. 

The Texas Baptist Herald, Dallas, says: No 
man in American history has so symmetrical a 
fame as Robert Edward Lee. It is remarkable that 
during all his campaigns of successes and reverses, 
he attributed his victories to the skill of his lieu- 
tenants and the courage of his troops, while in all 
his reverses he took the blame invariably upon 
himself. Magnanimity was his nature; duty was 
his watchword. 

The George Doles Camp, No. 730, of Milledge- 
rille, Ga., passed resolutions severely condemning 
the Virginia legislature for not adjourning through 
respect for the birthday of General Lee. They 
held worthy exercises at the college. Rev. Dr. J. 
Harris Chappell, made the address. The camp 
upon motion of Capt. T. E. Newell, selected the 
Veteran's young friend, Miss May Miller, 
Daughter of the Camp, with all the privileges of 
honorary membership. Thousands will recall her 
pleasant face as engraved for the back page of De- 
cember Veteran. 



UNITED DAUGHTERS' APPEAL. 

All the People Asked to Co-operate for the 
South's Battle Abbey. 



Mrs. John C. Brown, President of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, has published an 
earnest plea in behalf of the Rouss Memorial. After 
quoting at length from the General Commanding 
United Confederate Veterans, in which he states 
that the movement is to be planned and executed 
entirely under the order and management of South- 
ern women, she says: 

Shall this confidence be misplaced? Shall this 
appeal be ignored? Women of the South, let us 
prove ourselves worthy of the appeal. Let us unite 
in a patriotic, earnest, systematic effort to promote 
this sacred cause. Let us show our devotion by 
making a contribution which shall far exceed the 
expectations of the veterans who have thus confi- 
dently appealed to us to vindicate the memory of 
their heroic struggle in the greatest civil war of 
history. Let us devote our thoughts and prayers to 
devising the plans, and to performing the work 



which is needed to seize this favorable opportunity 
for securing the noble contribution which the Al- 
mighty has placed in the heart of Mr. Rouss to 
offer, and which will afford the means to hand down 
to posterit}-, in its true light, the memory of our he- 
roic fathers and husbands and brothers and sous. 
If we work sj-stematically and persistently, as Gen. 
Gordon suggests, "in every cit} - , town, hamlet and 
neighborhood of the South," the result will astonish 
our friends, and will be in itself a monument to the 
devotion and the power of Southern womanhood. 

In order to give unity and system to our efforts, 
it is necessary to perfect some plan of organization. 
The following is purposed and urged: 

1. In every state and territory in which there is 
an organization of the Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy let the State President and the presidents of 
the local chapters go to work at once. See that an 
organization is put to work in every county and 
town in the state. Correspond directl}- with suitable 
ladies in each locality. Notify Col. R. C. Wood, 44 
Perdido Street, New Orleans, La., and notify this 
office. 

2. In every state in which there is no organiza- 
tion of the Daughters of the Confederacy let every 
true Southern woman go to work at once to estab- 
lish an organization. Correspond at all points in 
the state. Furnish this office and Col. R. C. Wood 
with lists and names and information. Co-operate 
with the camps or bivouacs of the United Confeder- 
ate Veterans. 

3. Let any true Southern woman who may be un- 
connected with any organization not hesitate on 
that account, but go to work at once to promote this 
sacred cause by such means as may be within her 
reach. 

The following general plan of work is suggested: 

1. To secure subscriptions; this is the first and 
immediate work. Secure all you can independently 
or in co-operation with the agent of the United Con- 
federate Veterans. 

2. Memorial Festival Day — May 1, 1896 — has 
been set apart for Memorial Day, and is placed en- 
tirely in control of the women of the South. Work to 
make this a great day, long to be remembered in every 
"city, town, hamlet and neighborhood of the South." 

In many places two or three days may be devoted 
to out-door exercises at the fair grounds, or at some 
enclosed park. Tournaments, athletic sports, sham 
battles, May Day Exercises, tables for the sale of 
mementoes, lunch stands, etc., will yield pleasure 
to the people and handsome profits from gate fees 
and other fees. From time to time lectures, con- 
certs and other entertainments will aid in the gen- 
eral receipts. 

If the women of the South in every locality will 
enter promptly, zealously, continuously upon this 
work, its success will be assured, the Battle Abbey 
will be erected, the noble confidence which the Con- 
federate Veterans repose in the women of the South 
will be justified and we shall have the satisfaction 
of feeling that we have discharged a sacred duty. 



The Jeff Davis Camp, No. 1 17, of Star, Texas, at 
their last annual meeting elected D. S. Kelley, Com- 
mander, and G. W. Barr, Adjutant. 



Qopfederate Ueterap. ei 

CONFEDERATE HOME IN MISSOURI. ABOUT AND FROM VETERANS. 



O. H. P. Catron, West Plains, Mo., in sending 
renewals, writes: The Veteran is liked by all 
Confederates and Southern sympathizers. There 
are but few Confederates in this portion of Missouri, 
but we have now forty- three Camps organized in 
this State. Through their organization we expect 
to maintain the Confederate Home at Higginsville. 
It has been almost an impossibility to get an organ- 
ization without something like the United Confeder- 
ate Veterans. Our Home has now 128 inmates, 
with sufficient funds to run it until our annual 
school meeting in April (first Tuesday), when we 
will ask contributions from all charitably disposed 
persons. Gen. J. O. Shelby, Commanding the United 
Confederate Veterans of Missouri, has issued a gen- 
eral order requesting all members to give one day, 
that of the annual school meeting, to soliciting 
funds for the Home. We feel that it is now in bet- 
ter condition than it has ever been. The women, 
God bless them! have nobly done their part in build- 
ing and maintaining it. Without them the Con- 
federate Home of Missouri would never have been 
built. 



STRANGE COINCIDENCE IN THE ARMY. 



Mrs. R. H. Dudley, of Nashville, Tenn. : Think- 
ing this little incident might be read and enjoyed 
by some of your comrades. I send it to the Veteran. 

Soon after the battle of Murfreesboro (or Stone's 
River) 1863, Mr. Charles Eckles, of— - Illinois 
Regiment, was sent as a guard to the home of mv 
father, (Mr. KitBcesley). He remained there sev- 
eral months and was then sent to Rosecran's Army 
at Chattanooga, just before the battle of Chick- 
amauga. Mr. Eckles told my mother, when he bade 
her good-bye, that if he i hould be fortunate enough 
to meet her boys on picket and they would give 
him a letter he would send it to her. She had not 
heard from them in a long time. 

Fate decreed they should meet. While on Fed- 
eral picket duty he hailed the Confederate picket 
and asked what command he belonged to. His re- 
ply was "First Tennessee Infantry, Cheatham's Di- 
vision." He then asked his name and was told, 
"Win. Beesley." The Federal picket said, "I am 
just from your father's house and they have not 
heard from you in a long time. I told your mother 
if I was fortunate enough to meet her boys on picket 
duty and they would give me a letter, I would send 
it to her." My brother wrote the letter, gave it to 
him and my mother received it in due time. It was 
hailed with joy, of course. 

That was the last we heard of Mr. Eckles until 
the opening of Chickamauga Park last Septem- 
ber. He is a member of the G. A. R. and stopped 
over at Murfreesboro and went to see my mother 
and brother whom he had met on the picket line in 
lS<o. lb' was gladly received by all. 

This is one of the most extraordinary incidents of 
the war, and it would not be expected to occur again 
in a thousand wars where the armies were so large. 



In answer to inquiry in January Veteran, F. M. 
Bunch, Pulaski, Tenn., writes that Tom Butler of 
the Martin Guards, First Tennessee Regiment, is 
still living and resides now in Giles County, Tenn. 
"He is in good health, and can throw down any 
man of his age, or in ten years of it" 

J. M. Long, Esq., of Paris, Texas, sends with his 
contribution these splendid words: Grand old Ten- 
nessee and the United Confederate Veterans will 
honor themselves by erecting a monument to the 
memory of Samuel Davis, for his is one of the few 
immortal names that were not born to die. 

Giles County, Tennessee, has made a practical 
beginning to raise funds for the Rou^s Memorial. 
Committees of three representative citizens in each 
of the twenty-two districts of the county have 
been appointed. The central committeemen are: R. 
A. Mitchell, J. Mace Thurman and F. Arrowsmith. 

Mrs. Jennie Catherwood Bean writes from Win- 
chester, Ky. : I have been through the deepest af- 
fliction in the death of my dear sister. Miss Martha 
W. Catherwood, a zealous member of the Associa- 
tion of Sons and Daughters of the Confederacy. She 
left us January 29th. There was a full attendance 
of the Association at her funeral and burial. 

A "Daughter of the Confederacy" states that 
Erastus B. Maxey. enquired for by Comrade Ben. C. 
Smith, of Macon, Ga., was a prisoner in Baltimore, 
about 1864. She thinks that he served with Morgan, 
and was from Tennessee. He was, later, consider- 
ably deafened by the explosion of a shell. This is 
not intended as a reply to "Comrade Smith's" en- 
quiry, but as a supplement to it, from another ques- 
tioner. 

W. C. Wilkinson, Crystal Springs, Miss. : It gives 
me great pleasure to say that the Veteran is a 
welcome visitor each month, and is eagerly read by 
old and young in my household. The old Confed- 
erate who misses reading the VETERAN loses a patri- 
otic reminder of his youthful days. It ought to be 
in the hands of the children and grandchildren of 
Veterans everywhere, and all the time. May your 
efforts bring you fame and fortune. 

W. B. Tilghman of the Forty-seventh Tennessee 
Regiment, Cheatham's Division, inquires from Ruth- 
erford, Tenn., about Miss Bell Jordan, of Barnes- 
ville, Ga. : After a lapse of more than thirty years, 
who can tell anything of this good woman? 

In front of Atlanta, July 20, '64, I was badly 
wounded. Soon afterward I was sent to Flewellen 
Hospital (Dr. Carmack in charge"!, at Barncsville, 
Ga. This young woman with five others came to 
the hospital to select for special attention some of 
the worst cases. Mine was a hopeless case, and 
this noble young lady took me. I had gangrene. 
By her sisterly care and attention I was nursed 
back to life. Hope revived and to-day I am, as I 
believe, a living monument of her special care and 
attention. Is she living? Who can tell? 



62 



Confederate l/eterap. 



T. F. Jones, Collierville, Tenn., whose efficient 
services for the Veteran have been mentioned with 
pride in these pages, sends the following- notes: 

PRIVATE CHAS. T. SMITH. 

It has been said that all the private soldiers were 
killed. Chas. T. Smith, the "lone private," has been 
discovered by the Veteran correspondent at Collier- 
ville, West Tenn. Private Smith is a native of Jef- 
ferson County, Miss., and enlisted in Withers' Regi- 
ment of Light Artillery at the beginning of the war, 
continuing in service with that Regiment until Lee 
surrendered. Private Smith was a great favorite 
with his command, and was often complimented by 
his superiors for conspicuous gallantry while under 
fire. The famous "Conner" Battery, of which Private 
Smith was so long a member, was in many hotly 
contested battles of the West, Grand Gulf, Port 
Hudson, Bayou Lafouch, Donaldsonville, Franklin, 
La Miliken Bend, Lake Providence, Red River, 
Pineville, Grand Ecore and a number of other severe 
engagements west of the Mississippi River. 

The old comrades of Private Smith will be pleased 
to "know" that he has resided in Collierville for the 
past twenty years. He is an active, strong man yet. 

Withers' Regiment was composed of twelve com- 
panies of artillery, each having four guns, forty- 
eight cannons in all. This Regiment was made up 
in different parts of Mississippi, and was "one" of 
the best volunteer organizations in the Confederate 
Army. 

LIEUTENANT WADE ALLEN. 

Among the many gallant and brave soldiers of the 
Confederate States' Armies, perhaps few were more 
conspicuous for gallantry and devotion to the South- 
ern cause than Lieutenant Wade Allen, who was 
one of the first to respond to the call for volunteers. 
Early in the spring of 1861, Mr. Allen enlisted in 
Company ( L ) 30th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, 
and served in that gallant command until its reorgan- 
ization afterthe battleof Shiloh (April, '62), when he 
was transferred to Capt. Pete Williams' Company (I) 
15th Tennessee Brigade, Forrest's Cavalry. 

Lieutenant Allen participated in nearly all of the 
great battles fought by Forrest and his brave fol- 
lowers, and was many times complimented for gal- 
lantry displayed in battle. He was made Lieuten- 
ant of Company (I) immediately after joining the 
Regiment, which was then at Tupelo,-Miss., in which 
capacit}^ he ever served with distinction. When Gen. 
Forrest raided the city of Memphis, Aug. 21, '64, 
Lieutenant Allen was at the head of the charging 
column which came so near making a "prisoner" of 
the Federal General, Washburne. It was Lieu- 
tenant Allen who captured Gen. W.'s fine horse soon 
after he escaped to Fort Pickering in south Memphis. 
Lieutenant Allen rode this fine horse to the end. 

Wade Allen is now a prominent citizen of Collier- 
ville, Tenn., where he is engaged in mercantile and 
agricultural pursuits, but he has been a resident of 
Shelby County nearly all his life — 57 years. 

The Veteran has for publication, by Hon. John 
H. Reagan, of Texas, a comprehensive story of the 
great war. He promises another upon the "Confed- 
erate States Mail Service." 



Some Rebel 
Relics, b\ 
Rev. A. T. 
Goodloe. A 
memorial 
volume of 315 
pages; price 
SI. 00. Com 
memo rates 
mainly t h e 
spirit, speech 
and manner 
of life of the 
in v i n c i b 1 e 
"Old Reb o1 
the rank and 
file during 
the war," and 
of the genius 
and splendor 
of "D i x i e 
Land." Dr. 
Goodloe serv- 
ed from Ala- 
bama. 

Buy this 
book and 
help the Sam 
Davis fund. 

















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£&~ ■ mm* 


■*43 




















J 














■SSa 










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**S ! 



LEVIN IRVING HANDY TO LECTURE HERE- 



All lovers of oratory will learn with delight that 
Mr. Levin Irving Handy^a descendant of the great 

orator, Patrick Henry, 
will make his first appear- 
ance in Nashville at Wat- 
kinVHall, March 7th. His 
theme, Patrick Henry. He 
enthralls his audience 
from the opening- sentence 
till the grand close with 
that breath of eloquence 
that is born into but few 
men, and not often to a 
generation. Looking 
backward as we are, study- 
ing men and scenes of a 
hundred years ago, it is 
peculiarly fitting that Mr. 
Handy should appear just at this time with his su- 
perb oration on one of the greatest moving spirits 
of the Revolution. It is an education to the boys, 
fresh light to the student, and an inspiration to 
every listener. 

Mr. Handy is, by competent critics, regarded as the 
greatest orator now on the American platform. 

The Baltimore Sun speaks of his lecture as most 
eloquent and entertaining. 

Hon. Thomas Bayard, now Minister to England, 
authorizes the following commendation: "I am glad 
that you have prepared a lecture on 'Patrick 
Henry,' — a subject so interesting to your country- 
men and entirely akin to your capacities. * 
You are thoroughly competent to comprehend and il- 
lustrate the genius of 'the forest born Demosthenes. ' " 




Confederate Vetera^. 



63 



THE SPIRIT OF *61-'96. 
by j. b. k. smith, Atlanta Camp, TJ.C.V. 



We've met again, comrades bold, 

To grasp each other's hands, 
And lalk of timps that, tried each soul 

All o'er these Soul hern lands; 
We've closer grown thro' lleeting years 

since we together stood, 
And bared our breasts to leaden storms 

On fields baptized with blood. 

Our land's been filled with widow's 
weeds ; 

We've heard the orphan's sigh — 
While comrades long since disappeared 

Are marching through I lie sky. 
We'll write their names on fame's proud 
scroll, 

As heroes in the strife. 
And cherish those they loved and left 

As long as we have life. 

Our banner, with its triple bars, 

No more 'mongsl Bags is seen ; 
The bat t lefields once drenched in gore, 

With waving grass are green — 
Nor rude commands resounding now 

Hist orb the warriors' rest; 
Their forms asleep in camps of deal h. 

Their souls are with the blest. 

But though our flag lies folded now, 

To kiss the breeze no more. 
Ami though no more we grasp the arms 

We once so proudly bore, 
We walk again with Freemen's tread 

The land that gave us birth; 
And glory in the Sunny South, 

The grandest spot of earth. 

And when all hate shall ease to burn, 

And truth shall grasp the pen 
To write our country's history down 

She'll say this of our men : 
That truer patriots never lived. 

Nor lilled more honored graves, 
Than those who fell in Freedom's cause — 

Our own Confederate braves. 

We're not ashamed of what wedid, 

We battled for the right ; 
And though by numerous foes o'er- 
whelmed, 

We yielded to their might. 

We walk again with freemen's tread 

The land that gave us birth; 
And glory in our Sunny South, 

'flic grandest spot of earth. 

And while we do not brag or boast 

( >f how our comrades Fought — 
'rin 1 pension rolls you know full well 

The lac-ls of this ha\ e taught ; 
And if these pension rolls be t rue. 

And none have prnffd they lied. 
We must have crippled all the world 

And half the Coons beside. 
My song I'll close with homely phrase 

That has a statement true. 
Of how the tight ended and — 

I'll prove it by llie bine. 
The Yankees didn't whip us, boys. 

No — let that ne'er be snid ; 
We wore ourselves out whipping them; 

Then stopped for want of bread. 

Then let us sing till Heaven shall sing 

To our departed braves. 
And let us pray each passfng day, 

Among their silent gravis. 
That when our time to fall shall come, 

And we must pass away. 
We'll rise with them to reign 

In one eternal day. 



SAM DAVIS. 



THE CONFEDERATE MARTYR. 



Before his foes the captive stood. 

And many a pitying eye 
Benton him, when they knew that he, 

So young, so brave, must die. 
And many a heart responsive beat, 

While gazing on that face, 
Where dauntless courage blended with 

A soldier's youthful grace. 

"I offer," thus the leader spoke, 

"Thy life and liberty : 
The traitor tell, (o honor dead. 

Who gave t hese notes to t hee. 
Knowesi thou not a direful death 

Awaits 1 1 as a spy ? 

And thou art young ; a soldier brave 

More gloriously should die." 

Deep sadness for one moment fell 

l' pun 1 he i'Mpt i\ e's face : 
Then linn resolve, ami courage high, 

And valor look its place 
"The life you'd give is far too dear 

Thai would involve a friend ; 
1 spurn an offer that would bring 

So infamous an end. 

"I thought to serve my native land. 

When from the oppressor free ; 
In colors fair. I hoped to write 

My name in history. 
But honor is more dear to me 

Than is this lleeting breath. 
And ere I would betray a friend, 

I'd ten times sutler death." 

When ready for the dreadful doom 

Thai wail ed him that day. 
\ courier swift was seen to ride 

This nies S :iL;e to convey. 

"Our General sends me still to sa> 



It is not yet too late ; 
He grieves that one so young must die ; 
Too brave for such fate!" 

With Hushing cheek, and kindling eye. 

The captive turned to say. 
"I thank your leader for the care 

He's shown for me this day : 
Tell him, bad I a thousand lives, 

I'll bow to duty's call ; 
Before these lips betray a friend, 

I'd freely give them all." 

Then to the waiting Chaplain, said, 

"I'm ready : pray you send 
These tokens to my niol her dear, 

When my bi ief life shall end. 
And write her thai her hoy's hist thought 

Was of his childhood's home ; 
And that lie hopes to meet her in 

A brighter world to come." 

He ceased ; the sun's la-t parting r.i\ 

Played round his knightly head, 
And glorified the i hrilling scene ; 
But not a radiance shed 

So bright, as I hat which illume-, 

\ ml shall unto I he end . 
The name of that young martyr who 

Would not betray a friend. 

"Too brave to die I" his captors said : 

And it is even so ; 
The glory of his sacrifice 

Through coming years shall grow. 
The brave die not — a prouder fate 

Succeeds dread Azreal's dart ; 
They but exchange their country's arms 

For more— their country's heart. 
And on the roll of honor, shall 

His name emblazoned be 

With glory that is due lo him 
In his country's history. 

Sai.lie Jones 
Camden, At i. 




Bubbles or Medals. 



" Best sarsaparillas." When you think of it how contradic- 
tory that term is. For there can be only one best in anything one 
besl sarsaparilla, as there is one highest mountain, one lonj 

river, one deepest ocean. And that lust sarsaparilla is ? .... 

There's the rub I You cm measure mountain height and oi 
depth. but how test sarsaparilla? You could it you were chemists. 
But then do you need to test it? The World's Fair Committee 
tested it, — and thoroughly. Thcv went behind the label on the 
bottle. What did this sarsaparilla test result in ? Every make 
of sarsaparilla shut out of the Fair, except Ayer's. So it was 
that Ayer's was the onlv sarsaparilla admitted to the World's 
Fair. The committee found it the best. They had no room for 
anything that was not the best. And as the best, Ayer's Sarsa- 
parilla received the medal and awards due its merits. Remember 
the word ■■best" is a bubble any breath can Mow: but there are 
pins to prick such bubbles. Those others are blowing more 
■best sarsaparilla" bubbles since the World's Fair pricked the 
old ones. True, but Ayer's Sarsaparilla has the medal. The 
pin that scratches the medal proves it gold. The pin that pricks 
the bubble proves it wind. We point to medals, not bubbles, 
when we say : The best sarsaparilla is Ayer's. 






64 



Confederate l/eterai}. 



"MARSE ROBERT IS ASLEEP.' ; 



[A Grey Coat relates to^his friend, a 
Blue Coat, the following incident of the 
late war. Gen. Lee, sorely fatigued by 
a hard day's march, sat down to rest at 
the road side, when he soon fell into a 
deep sleep. His soldiers, who observed 
him as he slept, whispered warnings to 
their nearest comrades not to disturb 
him. The whisper was then passed from 
man to man along the line of march.] 

Had you heard the distant tramping 

On that glowing summer day ! 
Had you seen our comrades running 

To meet us on the way ! 
Oh ! the wondrous, sudden silence, 

Th' unmilitary creep, 
As down the line that caution ran, 

"Marse Robert is asleep!" 

Give me your hand, Old Blue Coat, 

Let's talk of this awhile. 
For the prettiest march of all the war 

Was this rank and file ! — 
Was the passing of that army. 

When 'twas hard. I ween, to keep 
Those men from crying out, "Hurrah ! 

Marse Robert is asleep !" 

There lay that knightly figure, 

One hand upon his sword, 
The other pressed above his heart, 

A vow without a word ! 
Two laurel leaves had fluttered down, 

For flowers their vigils keep, 
And crown'd him, though I think they 
knew 

"Marse Robert was asleep !" 

In glorious old Westminster, 

No monument of war, 
No marble story half so grand 

As this, our army saw ! 
Our leafy old Westminster — 

Virgina's woods — now keep 
Immortal that low whisper, 

•'Marse Robert is asleep !" 

As we clasp hands. Old Blue Coat, 

List, brother of the North, 
Had foreign foe assail'd your homes, 

You then had known his worth! 
Unbroken vigil o'er those homes 

It had been his to keep: 
Step lightly o'er the border then, 

"Marse Robert is asleep !" 

He's yours and mine, is Robert Lee, 

He's yours and mine, Hurrah ! 
These tears you shed have sealed the 
past. 

And closed the wounds of war! 
Thus clasping hands, Old Blue Coat, 

We'll swear by the tears you weep, 
The sounds of war shall muffled be— 

"Marse Robert is asleep." 
Riehmond. Va., May, 1883. 

One of the most embarrassing errors 
that has yet occurred in the Veteran 
was that of crediting the beautiful ad- 
dress, at the reunion of the Daughters 
at Atlanta Exposition, of Mrs. Virginia 
Clay Clopton of Alabama, to Mrs. C. 
Helen Plane, the President of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy in Geor- 
gia 




I 




MANASSAS 



TO 



APPOMATTOX 

MEMOIRS OF THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA. 

By LIEUT.-GEN. JAS. LONGSTREET. C.S.A. 



With Fifteen Maps, in Colors, and 
Twenty-Nine Portraits and other Il- 
lustrations. About 700 octavo pages. 
Cloth, plain edges, $*.00; sheep, 
sprinkled edges, $5.00; half morocco, 
marbled edges, $5.50; full morocco, 
gilt edges, $7.00. 



fe 



A Great Contribution to the History of the Civil War of 1S61.'65, by 
Lieutenant-General James Longstreet, Senior Living Com- 
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A distinguished Confederate officer writes: "I have found the 
work is fair and honorable in all criticisms, and, allowing for dif- j 
ferences in judgment, is just. I think all who read it will recog- 
nize this feature and its lack of bitterness generally. 

"I was in all of the most important battles, and so far as my 
knowledge extends, I am pleased with the general fairness of the 
writer, and believe the book will be popular on both sides." 

Sold by Subscription. Agents Wanted. 

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T ~-^ — — ■- — - — - — - 



MARCH, 1898 



PATRIOTIC AND PROGRESSIVE, 



PRICE, 10 CENTS. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Pkick $100 per Year, ( *r t\t 

in Advance. f v UL " - 1 " • 



Nashville, Tenn., March, 1896. 



No. 3. 



IS. A. CUNNINUHAJM. 
Editor. 



Circulation: 93. 79.430. '94.121.644. 95.154.992. $1.00 A YEAR. 




OFFICIALLY REPRESENTS 

United Confederate Veterans, 
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Sons of Veterans and other Organizations. 



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Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 



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Vol. IV. 



Nashville, Tenn., March, 1896. 



No. 3. 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM 

Editor. 



Entered at the postoflice, Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or $20 a year, except 
'aat page. One page, one time, special, $40. Discount: Half year, one 
Issue: one year, two issues. This is an increase on the former rate. 

Contributor? will pleaBe be diligent to abbreviate. The space is too 
important for anything that has not special merit. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month before it ends. 
For instance, if the VkTkran be ordered to begin with .January, the date on 
mail list will be Decern ber, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



Though men deserve, thev may not win success, 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 

Tho "civil war" was too long ago to be called the "late" war and when 
correspondents use that term the word "great" (wan will be substituted. 

The Florida Reunion of our Veterans at Ocala, 
was not largely attended, but of much interest. 
Copies of addresses and some illustrations are in 
hand for the April number. Comrades in the Land 
of Flowers are ever loyal to these sacred interests. 



Report of the Georgia Division United Daughters 
of the Confederacy, at Augusta, as reported by the 
Chronicle, should have bad extended notice in the 
Veteran. Revision of the report was submitted 
and copy is not received in time for this issue. 

It was one of the best meetings yet bold by the 
Daughters, and much may 1>c expected from Georgia. 



Another chapter for the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy was organized recently at Victoria, 
Texas, with Mrs. J. M. Brownsou, President; Mrs. 
Belle Martin and Mrs. W. A. Wood, Vice Presi- 
dents; Mrs. James Koger, Secretary; and Mrs. 11. 1). 
Sullivan, Treasurer. Dallas and Galveston have 
strong chapters. If the good women of Texas or- 
ganize as generally as have our Veterans, thev will 
exhibit an amazing- strength. 



The report of the Virginia Daug-hters in Febru- 
ary number was slightly abbreviated. Whatever of 
error occurred in the report may be charged to the 
editor. He does the best possible with everything 
used in the VETERAN, but all errors are chargeable 
to him as he always makes changes in manuscript 
that he thinks will improve without changing- facts. 

In this connection contributors and especially old 
comrades are urged to prepare articles with special 
care. They should write with ink, giving wide 
space, and re-write, as a rule, so as to condense farts. 

A Veteran writes to the Lynchburg News an ap- 
peal that all Daughters of the Confederacy unite in 
one grand organization. He mentions the twelve 
Chapters recently organized at Charlottesville into 



"Grand Division of Virginia." and then he mentions 
the four Chapters that belong to the United 
Daughters, an organization with Divisions in var- 
ious Southern States and now growing rapidly. 

The VETERAN understands 
that the Chapters organized by 
Mrs. Garnett are not averse to 
membership in the general organ- 
ization. It will be disappointed 
if the good women in Virginia 
do not co-operate with their 
sisters generally in the South. 
vwni.D~WhtersB.dge .. Veteran" very wisely states; 

The requirement of membership and the object of 
both are almost identical, and there's no reason why 
the two should not be united and act in harmoin 
thereby insuring the success, and prosperity of the 
cause both have in view, for. 'united they'll stand, 
divided they'll fall." 




The death of two noble women, which occurred 
recently at Gallatin, Tenn., deserves mention in the 
Veteran. One oi these was Miss Emily Peyton, 
only daughter of the distinguished Bailey Peyton. 
Reminiscences of her have been in the Veteh \n. 

The other was a Miss Kwing of an honored Ten- 
nessee family and the wife of Hon. J. W. Black- 
more, who has been active with open pursefor every 
cause honoring the South, since having done a 
thorough share for the glory of Southern arms in 
the ever memorable four years. 

The writer grieves in the loss to that community 
of such good friends, and for this comrade in his 
desolation. At the Tennessee reunion of Veterans 
the charming Mrs. Blackmore entertained quite a 
company of them — Ah, and some of these have 
preceded her into the unrealized beyond! 



As the notice in February Veteran about back 
numbers seems not to have been fully understood, 
another is made in explanation. We want any of 
the numbers of '93, any before July of '94, and those 
for March, May, July, October, November, Decem- 
ber of '95, and January '96. Those who are willing 
to part with these numbers will be credited on sub- 
scription one month for each number returned. 



Additions to sketch and portrait of Col. J. W. 
Dunnington, on page 84, next month. 



66 



Confederate l/eterap. 



The editorial on page eighty refers to the gath- 
ering in New York City, July 4, after reunion at 
Richmond June 30, July 1-2. It is generally known 
now that no such "gathering" will occur. It is 
presumed, however, that Confederates will not be 
prevented from going to New York if they wish. 
But Comrade, Rev. John R. Deering is quoted by the 
Harrodsburg (Ky., ) Democrat as saying about what 
Confederates in general feel in regard to it: 

"Well, I think we will survive it," said the Doc- 
tor. "Indeed it suits us if it suits them. * * * 
We are so conscious of our rectitude, so satisfied 
with our record, so sure of the vindication of pos- 
terity, that we are content. We have gained already 
so largely the world's admiration for principle, 
prowess, endurance, moderation and moral worth 
that we are not wanting G. A. R. favors. But we 
get honest tributes in every book they print, in 
every song they sing, in every eulogy they speak, 
in every monument they set up, in every pension 
they draw. They can't glorify themselves without 
witnessing to the patriotism, valor and constancy of 
the Southern people. They may not love us but 
they are bound to respect us. We need not turn 
coats and go into the parade business. It does seem 
sad, however, that thirty years of peace have not 
grown enough generosity in our Northern friends 
to afford this scant recognition of Southern sincer- 
ity, heroism and love of country. And there was 
no possible peril to the Union, nor even an implica- 
tion of bad intention, in the gray uniform or its 
battle scared wearers." 

Referring to Grand Army men in Louisville and 
through the South last year, he says: 

"They wore the garb in which they fought, for 
they marched in the character of Federal soldiers. 
But Confederate soldiers must march in some other 
costume or not at all! Very well! We can stand 
the snubbing. The day isn't distant when all men 
of soul, who admire valor and love liberty, who 
value patriotism and respect devotion to duty, all 
who bow to moral worth and venerate good citizen- 
ship, all who appreciate the sublime in self-sacrifice 
for political principle, when all who stand for the 
right of local self-government will exalt the men of 
the South, and uncover their heads in honor of our 
stainless Davis, our sainted Polk, our dauntless 
Simms, our terrible Forrest, our modest Ashby, our 
mighty Jackson, our knightly Johnston, our gallant 
Pelham, our peerless Lee. They were as worthy as 
our Henry and Jefferson, our Marion and Washing- 
ton. The same land gave them birth, holds their 
ashes and guards their fame. We can wait!" 



Mrs. M. A. E. McLure, of St. Louis, writes: En- 
closed find five dollars for poor — no, not poor, but 
rich Samuel Davis. The history of that boy's sac- 
rifice of life should be told to every boy in the 
land. Every mother in the South should have the 
privilege of contributing to the perpetuation of this 
act — death rather than dishonor. I have thought 
much on the behavior of this boy; it haunts me. I 
sometimes wish I did not feel so deeply, but that is 
better than callousness. 



Solicitors are engaged for the Veteran in pre- 
paring sketches of distinguished Confederates, 
whether by official position or for valor as soldiers. 
All data published will have editorial revision, and 
it is anticipated that the reunion number (July) to 
contain these, will be the most attractive yet. 



It is intended to publish the list of officials in 
United Confederate Veterans next month. That 
of 650 camps prepared for use at the Houston reun- 
ion must be depended upon, hence a revised list 
of Commanders and Adjutants is especially de- 
sired. Comrades can save the office days of labor 
and man} r dollars expense by reporting the names of 
these officials. In the same number of the Veteran 
it is designed to print a list of the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy. If the name of each Chap- 
ter, the President and the Secretary shall be fur- 
nished promptly, it will be a great favor. 



In a letter from Carrollton, Ala., March 3rd, en- 
closing twenty subscriptions and Si from her father, 
Judge O. L. McKinstry, for the Samuel Davis Mon- 
ument, Miss Hettie May McKinstry writes: 

Papa belonged to the Forty-second Alabama Vol- 
unteers, and was very near Col. Rogers, of the Sec- 
ond Texas, and Capt. Foster, of the Forty-second 
Alabama, when they were killed at Corinth, Miss. 
His brother, Jas. A. McKinstry, who now lives at 
Wyeth City, Alabama, was standing by them and 
was shot through the body in three places by the 
same volley that killed them, and although only a 
boy seventeen years old and weighing but 96 pounds, 
he did not fall, but made his escape from that ter- 
rible place. He was discharged from the army in 
consequence of his wounds, but remained with his 
command and was in several hard battles with his 
discharge in his pocket. 



Loss of Eyesight from Overwork. — A news- 
paper reports that Mr. Charles Broadway Rouss re- 
cently said: "I will give $1,000,000 to any man 
who will restore to me my eyesight. I will walk 
out of the store and hand him the keys." The store 
is a ten story granite building on Broadway. Mr. 
Rouss' eyes had been failing for some time, and day 
by day it was with greater difficulty that he csuld 
distinguish objects until his eyes had almost totally 
failed him. "The only thing visible to me," he said, 
"are the huge pillars. I can just discern the hazy 
outlines of two," pointing to the supports immedi- 
ately before him. He is paying the penalty of 
twenty years of overwork. Mr. Rouss, whose for- 
tune is roughly estimated at $10,000,000, is now sixty 
years old. He was born in Woodsboro, Frederick 
County, Maryland, fought under "Stonewall" Jack- 
son, and after the war came to New York penniless. 



M. T. Ledbetter, of Piedmont, Alabama, sends a 
batch of subscriptions. This veteran comrade has 
been zealous for the Veteran almost from its be- 
ginning January, '03. 



Qorjfederate Vetera g. 



67 



ABOUT THE SOUTH'S BATTLE ABBEY. 



Review by Manager of the Confederate Memo- 
rial Association. 



New Orleans, March, 1896. 
5". A. Cunningham, Editor Confederate Veteran, 

My Dear Comrade: In compliance with my prom- 
ise, I submit the following statement of the origin 
and progress of the movement to establish a grand 
Confederate Memorial Association: 

A short time after the glorious struggle of the 
South for constitutional rights had been terminated 
by the sad surrender at Appomattox, the attention 
of Confederate Veterans was directed to the im- 
portance of securing a truthful history of the war 
and of the causes that led to it. To this motive 
was added the loving desire to perpetuate the memory 
of gallant comrades who had lost their lives in the 
discharge of high patriotic duty. This combined 
sentiment of love and duty found substantial ex- 
pression in different parts of the South. Memorial 
institutions and depositories of records and relics 
were planned and some of them, through the con- 
tinuous exertion of earnest men and women, grew 
to fair proportions. None of them, however, en- 
tirely fulfilled the purpose for which thev were 
created. 

More than thirty years have elapsed since the 
close of the war, yet, despite urgent and repeated 
appeals for contributions, and despite liberal re- 
sponses, there is not in existence to-day a Confed- 
erate memorial institution that does not require 
assistance to insure its perpetuity. There is not 
one of such extensive proportions and which com- 
mands such general approval and support from the 
Confederate element of the country as to invest it 
with national dignity and importance. 

The support of these local institutions depends 
mainly upon the contributions of our veterans, and 
as their ranks are depleted by death, the burden of 
the survivors constantly grows heavier. They have 
been taxed to the limit of their capacity and in- 
clination. There has been no cessation of the de- 
mands upon them. As the establishment of the 
Confederate Memorial Association wi'l accomplish 
all that they desire in the direction of perpetuating 
the (glorious memories of their past, and as they 
will be relieved from further demands upon their 
slender purses, the proposed institution appeals to 
them with peculiar force. 

The failure of the local institutions to accom- 
plish all that had been anticipated, and their doubt- 
ful fate when the veterans, their supporters, had 
passed away, excited the grave concern of Comrade 
Charles Broadway Rouss, who had been a most lib- 
eral contributor. After careful and intelligent 
study, he reached the conclusion that unity of action 
and concentration of means were absolutely essential 
to the establishment of a memorial institution of 
whose maintenance and perpetuity there would be 
no doubt. 

Acting upon this conclusion, in 1894, Mr. Rouss 
placed himself in communication with the veterans 



by circular letters, submitting to them the outlines 
of a plan of commemoration, and soliciting their 
views. The theory of this plan was declared to be: 
"That every Confederate Veteran should have a 
proprietorv interest in the institution; that each 
one of them should feel he had contributed some- 
thing toward perpetuating the memories of the 
great struggle in which he had borne a part." 

Comrade Rouss demonstrated that a moderate 
contribution from each would aggregate a sum 
amply adequate to all requirements, and he appealed 
to them to unite in an effort "to pay deserved tribute 
to the heroic deeds of their fallen comrades; to 
furnish an inspiring object lesson to their descend- 
ants, and to leave to posterity endearing proofs of 
the courage, loyalty and devotion to duty of the 
Confederate soldier." 

The plan and appeal went straight to the hearts 
of the veterans, and except in rare instances, in 
which local interests were held superior to all other 
considerations, the response was prompt and favor- 
able. Veterans, Daughters of the Confederacy. 
Sons of Veterans, and Confederate sympathizers 
generally, were warm in expressions of approval and 
liberal in assurances of support. Gens. S. D. Lee. 
W. L. Cabell, and other distinguished officers of the 
United Confederate Veterans, in turn gave their ap- 
proval by official endorsement. 

When Mr. Rouss became fully aware of the ex- 
tent and strength of the sentiment favorable to his 
plan, he submitted it formally to the veterans as- 
sembled in reunion at Houston in May last. The 
enthusiastic manner in which it was received left no 
doubt of its final adoption, and his munificent con- 
tribution of $100,000 gave assurance of its success. 
The immediate result oi his proposition was the ap- 
pointment of a committee to examine and report 
upon the accompanying plan. This committee 
composed of one from each division of the United 
Confederate Veterans, met at Atlanta on the 19th 
of October last. The composition of this body was 
of the highest order. The deliberations were care- 
ful, calm and conscientious. Every feature of Mr 
Rouss' plan was given thoughtful and intelligent 
study, which, with slight modifications, was unani- 
mously approved. These modifications were in the 
direction of insuring to each division of the United 
Confederate Veterans a representative of its own 
selection upon the Board of Administrators and of 
increasing eligibility to membership and, at the 
same time, reducing the cost. 

Before adjournment, the Memorial Committee 
perfected arrangements for the execution of the 
Rouss plan. An Executive Committee was ap- 
pointed and provision made for a manager to take 
charge of the important matter of securing the 
necessary funds. Work was commenced without 
delay, and has continued to be prosecuted up to the 
present with zeal and vigor. The results have been 
most gratifying, but being constantly cumulative, 
it is impossible to express them in positive figures 
or terms. It may be said, however, that they have 
been entirely satisfactory. 

The first efforts of the Committee were directed 
to enrolling every surviving Confederate soldier as 
a subscriber in order to demonstrate to the world 



Confederate l/eteran. 



that our veterans are a unit in loyal remembrance 
of the cause that they upheld and in loving- memory 
of their comrades who died in its defense. To this 
end subscription books were prepared and have been 
placed in the hands of the Commanders of the 747 
existing Veteran Camps. The process of securing 
individual subscribers is necessarily slow, as a num- 
ber of Camps meet at long- intervals and their mem- 
bership is scattered over a wide area of territory. 
This is notably the case in the Trans-Mississippi 
Department. In a number of instances Camps have 
appropriated amounts to cover their entire member- 
ship. This has been the case in Louisiana, Ten- 
nessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Washing-ton and New 
York City. With but few exceptions Camp Com- 
manders report satisfactory progress. 

Provision having been made for the enrollment of 
the veterans attached to Camps, the Committee en- 
larged its field of operations and appealed to all 
Confederate sympathizers for co-operation and sup- 
port. The manner in which this appeal has been 
received is best conveyed by the statement that 
hundreds of subscription books have been applied 
for and that the demand is constantly increasing. 
There are now over 1,200 books in the hands of ac- 
tive and zealous agents and the work of enrollment 
progresses without intermission. 

As has been stated in official publications, the 
subscription of $1.00 entitles the subscriber to mem- 
bership in the Memorial Association. Every dollar 
thus secured finds its way into the memorial fund 
without the payment of one penny for cost of col-, 
lection, commission, or for any other purpose what- 
ever. The subscription of $100,000 by Comrade 
Rouss does not measure the extent of his magnifi- 
cent liberality, for in addition he has made ample 
provision for the expenses of the memorial work 
from its inception up to its completion. The assur- 
ance is thus given to subscribers that the money 
paid by them is applied solely and exclusively to the 
purpose for which it was solicited. 

As gratifying - as have been the responses of the 
Confederate Veterans to the appeal made to them, 
their substantial support of the Memorial Associa- 
tion will not reach the amount that may be relied 
upon from the noble women of the South. The}- 
have engaged in this movement with the ardor and 
enthusiasm that always characterizes their efforts 
in the prosecution of good works. They are in- 
creasing interest and stimulating exertion. They 
are securing subscriptions to membership and are 
preparing to celebrate Memorial Festival Day in 
the most magnificent manner. On the first day 
of Ma)-, every town, city and hamlet in the South 
will bear eloquent witness to their intelligent and 
patriotic efforts. As they will command the ser- 
vices and support of all true Southern men in the 
land, there can be no limit placed to their success. 

It will be remembered that the $100,000 subscrip- 
tion of Comrade Rouss was conditioned upon a like 
amount being assured from other sources. It was 
estimated that $200,000 would accomplish all that 
was necessary to the execution of the original plan 
of commemoration. We have already passed the 
$200,000 limit, and are now looking forward to the 
establishment of an institution wider in scope, 



grander in proportion and more impressive in even- 
respect than the one at first contemplated. If con- 
tributions continue to be as liberal as they have 
been heretofore, the Battle Abbey of the South will 
be the most magnificent memorial edifice of the age. 
To secure such an institution, all who prize heroic 
deeds in the past, and hope for their emulation in 
the future, should be glad to contribute. When it 
shall have been established, and when it proves to 
be a grand beacon light and an impressive object 
lesson to all who love liberty and right, the saddest 
reflection that could come to a Southerner would be 
that he had contributed nothing to its establishment. 

The warm competition for the location of the Bat- 
tle Abbey by so many cities evidences the existence 
of a widespread sentiment favorable to the memorial 
work in which we are engaged. Although location 
will be determined by a Board of Administrators yet 
to be appointed — one member from each division of 
the United Confederate Veterans — our veterans 
have declared that they will acquiesce in whatever 
decision may be reached. To their credit be it said 
that to secure an object of general desire they will 
subordinate all feelings of local preference. There 
could be no surer guarantee of success. 

The Memorial Committee will report the result 
of their labors to the veterans at the Richmond 
Reunion. They are encouraged to hope that 
their report will prove satisfactory. In the mean 
time they urgently invoke the active cooperation 
and support of all who have at heart the realization 
of the hopes of commemorating our glorious past, 
in which we have indulged for so many weary years. 
Fraternally, Robt. C. Wood, 
Manager Memorial Association Committee. 



I 



— g 









J-rJiii^W-i^ ©► 






Photo-engraving of handsome Membership Cer- 
tificate. Orders must be sent through Chapter Pres- 
idents. Remit ten cents for each certificate to Mrs. 
L. H. Raines, 142 Henry Street, Savannah, Ga. 





Ike S. Harvey, Lexington, Miss. : I was a member 
of Harvey's Scouts, Jackson's Division; was cap- 
tured near Adairsville, Ga., May 18, '64, and sent 
to Rock Island, III., where I remained until June, 
20, '65. Would like to see something from some 
old Reb who was there. I was a C. K. 7. 



Qogfederate Uecerat). 






HE SERVED HIS COUNTRY WELL. 



On Christmas morning, with a bright sun- 
shine and a Sabbath stillness resting upon the 
scene, there were laid to rest iu the burying- ground 
of the Goss family, near Stony Point, the remains 
of a gallant soldier of two wars — Andrew J. Grigsby. 




COL. ANDREW .1. QBIGSBY— A brave soldier and fniiliful citizen. 

Colonel Grigsby was born in Rockbridge County. 
Va., November 2nd, 1819. When war with Mexico 
was declared, he was residing in Missouri, and he 
enlisted in Colonel Doniphan's well-known regi- 
ment which distinguished itself in that war. In 
the spring of 1861 he was living in Giles County, 
Va., and at once entered the service of his State. 
becoming successively Major, Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and Colonel of the Twenty-seventh Virginia Regi- 
ment, — one of the five regiments of the noted 
"Stonewall" Brigade. He served with this brigade 
through the campaigns of 1Si>1 and 1Si>2, becoming- 
its commander after Colonel W. H. S. Baylor was 
killed at "Second Manassas." 

At the battle of Sharps burg, after the retirement 
of General J. K. Jones — injured by concussion from 
the bursting of a shell — and the death of Gen. W. 
E. Starke, who was killed early in the action, he 
became commander of Jackson's old Division, and 
led it with conspicuous ability and gallantry. In- 
deed, the gallantry of Col. Grigsby was conspicuous 
on every field on which the "Stonewall" Brigade 
was engaged, so that his regiment acquired the 
sobriquet of "The Bloody Twenty-seventh." At 
the battle of Port Republic his sword belt was shot 
away, and he was wounded in a later engagement. 



In the fall of 1863, after ihe promotion of Gen. 
E. F. Paxton. former Major of his regiment, and at 
that time Adjutant-General of Jackson's Corps, to 
the command of the 'Stonewall" Brigade. Col. 
Grigsby resigned. He was then in feeble health 
and unable to endute further active service. 

He retired to the home of his relatives, the Goss 
family, in Albemarle County, where he afterwards 
resided. 

Col. Grigsby was a brother of John Warren Grigs- 
by, who was Colonel of the Sixth Kentucky Cavalry, 
and commanded a brigade in Morgan's Cavalry 
Division. He was a man of great force of character, 
and impulsive; he was brave almos* to rashness 
ard in battle exposed himself with a reckless disre- 
gard of his own safety. He never said "go," but 
always "come." While a stern disciplinarian, his 
regiment was devoted to him, and would follow him 
anywhere. His kindness of heart was shown in 
later life by his habit of carrying apples in his 
pocket to give to children and others whom he met 

At the unveiling ol the Jackson Statue at Lex 
Lngton, in 1891, Col. Grigsby rode at the head ol 
the remnant of the "Stonewall ' Brigade, and he 
was manifestly delighted as the leader, on this 
peaceful occasion, of the men whom he had so often 
led in battle. 

At the unveiling of the Soldier's and Sailor's 
Monument in Richmond, in 1894, notwithstanding 
his seventj -five years, he marched on loot, side by 
side with the commander of John Bowie Strange 
Camp, the whole distance. 

Col. Grigsby was taken with pneumonia on Wed- 
nesday, December 18, and died on Monday, Decem- 
ber 23, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. 

Manj- neighbors and friends assembled in num- 
bers to pay respect to his memory, among- whom 
were his comrades, Gen. Wm. McComb of Louisa 
County, Capt. Philip W. Nelson and others. The 
services were conducted by the Rev. Mr. Farrar, 
and the pallbearers were Messrs. Samuel Edwards, 
Wm. A. Marshall, George Webb. Alex. Taylor, 
John B, Minor and Commander James M. Garnett, 
representing John Bowie Strange Camp, Confeder- 
ate Veterans, of which he was formerly a member. 

Having served his country well in war and in 
peace, he now rests from his labors. J, M. i ; 

Charlottsville, Va., December 2(>th, 1895. 

An additional note to Col. Grigsby states that 
he was commissioned Major by Gov. Letcher in 1861, 
and joined Col. Echols' Regiment, mustered into 
service at Lynchburg. Va.. and served in the Army 
of Northern Virginia. He was a brave officer and 
popular with his men. 

Some of Col. Grigsby 's nephews came to Nash- 
ville early after the war — mere boys — and made 
prominent citizens ever true to Confederate memories 



W. H. Calhoun, Granger, Texas, makes inquiry 
for the Cealey family, to which his mother belonged. 
She was a Miss Mahala Cealey and married his 
lather, W. M. Calhoun in Independence Co., Ark., 
about '42 or '43. Information will be appreciated. 



70 



Confederate Uecerap. 



OLD BATTLE GROUNDS IN MISSISSIPPI. 



negro cottages and cabins extend quite beyond 
the battle lines at time of siege. Recently in some 



A recent visit to the old battle grounds about 
Jackson and Vicksburg furnishes much that would 
be of special interest to veterans who were there, 
but subsequent issues will have to be depended upon 
for the reminiscences. At Vicksburg, Capt. D. A. 
Campbell, now Brigadier General of the United Con- 
federate Veterans, made the day as pleasant as pos- 
sible in introducing comrades and in a drive over 
the hills to places ever to be remembered by soldiers 
of both armies. Comrade Campbell is deservedly 
proud of their Confederate monument — heretofore 
illustrated in the Veteran The National Ceme- 
tery, is the largest in the country except the one near 
Nashville. He pointed out the monument erected 
where Grant held a conference with Pemberton con- 
cerning the surrender, July 4, 1863. It is photo- 
engraved on front page of this Veteran, and rep- 
resents him with hand upon the shaft, while several 
fellow Confederates and the sexton stand in the 
picture. The monument was so defaced that it has 
been placed in the cemetery grounds. 

At Jackson comrades were cordial in their greet- 
ing. Mr. John C. Rietti, who is preparing a valu- 
able history, rendered many special favors. An ef- 
fort to get to the battle ground of Raymond had to 
be 'abondoned for lack of time. In the suburbs 




NATIONAL CEMETERY AT VICKSBURG. 

sewer work many bones were exhumed. They were 
both of Confederates and Federals. 




THE STATE CAPITOL OF MISSISSIPPI— (Built in 1840; now condemned. It is historic A new one is to be built.) 

confederate monument at jackson. press and people at the time, and its dedication was 

An event of semi-national interest was the dedi- the most notable event that has occurred in that 

cation of the Confederate Monument erected at Jack- State since the war. It stands in the southern part of 

son It was also called the Davis Monument by the Capitol grounds, and is sixty feet high, sur- 



Qopfederate l/eterar?. 



71 



mounted by a typical Confederate soldier. Tht 
concrete base is 20x24 feet. It is dedicated 

TO THE CONFEDERATE DEAD OF MISSISSIPPI. 




The vault, as will be seen in the picture, is oc- 
tagonal and seven feet in diameter. The feature of 
this beautiful monument most interesting and at- 
tractive cannot be seen in the above illustration. It 
is the life-size statue of Mississippi's most distin- 
guished character in all history. It is of exquisite 
workmanship in Italian marble. He stands in ora- 
torial pose, holding a manuscript in his hand, while 
books are piled about his feet. The inner part of 
the vault is of highly polished marble. 

The Jackson Clarion-Ledger so well reports the 
visit to that city that the following is copied: 

* * * Mr. Cunningham was a boy soldier of 
the Forty-first Tennessee Infantry. and with his regi- 
iinent at the surrender of Fort Donelson and ex- 
changed at Vicksburg, in the fall of 1862. His 
command was reorgaui/.ed at Shepherd Springs, 
near Clinton. It was sent back to Vicksburg in 
part of the siege, then sent to l'<»rt Hudson where 
it remained until May 1st, 1863. At that time it 
was ordered to Jackson, where the nun expected to 
remain in camp for some weeks, but the command 



was hurriedly ordered to Raymond to check a large 
force of Federals marching on Jackson. The small 
brigade under command of Gen. John Gregg, of 
Texas, held from six to ten times as many in check- 
all day, but in the evening it was about to be "swal- 
lowed up'" when it made good its retreat to within a 
few miles of Jackson, and on the following day, al- 
though considerably reinforced, and with Gen. J. 
E. Johnston in command, it abandoned the city 
and went up the Canton road a few miles, where it 
remained unmolested for several days. 

The (light of citizens, along with the army. 
through rain and mud, on that eventful May morn- 
ing, is mentioned by Mr. Cunningham as one oi 
the most pathetic sights of the war. 

Again, when Vicksburg had fallen and Grant 
pressed Johnston and the siege of six days was on, 
he came into the city one evening, and in a walk of 
many blocks saw but one person, an old black man. 
Elegant homes had been despoiled, the furniture 
being scattered as if the owners had started to re- 
move it, but gave up all effort through peril of shot 
and shell. It fell to his lot. as assistant to the 
officer in charge of the skirmishers, or advance 
pickets, to crawl along the line and whisper how 
they were to yet away. Each man was to conform 
to the action of the one to his right in moving by 
the flank or directly to the rear. This regiment, so 
deployed, lost its way to the bridge across Pear] 
River, and for safety of the main army itwas set on 
fire, but in the early twilight they escaped and 
joined the main army. 



Another one has s^one to the soldier's last rest! 
J. R. Reynolds, Company A, Phillips' Legion, 
Georgia Volunteers, died July 16th, '94. Age 54 
vtars, i> months. lie went with the first company 
from his county and served through the war in the 
Virginia army. He never had a furlough: was in 
the Richmond Campaign; the arduous marches and 
battles through Maryland and Pennsylvania; trans- 
ferred to Missionary Ridge, was wounded the third 
time in the charge upon the fort at Knoxville, and 
was left on the battlefield. He was captured, and 
with his wounds, was sent to Fort Deleware, where 
he was held eleven months; but surrendered with 
Lee's army. No truer soldier ever died. The last 
reveille has been sounded: Sleep on brave heart! 

The foregoing is from a comrade — and the wife 
writes, sending remittance to VETERAN from 
Siloam, Georgia: It was ever welcomed and 
eagerly read by him as long as he could read, and 
after that he would often have me read for him. It 
seemed to give him new life. 



Burton R. Elliott. Keller, Texas: I was a Con- 
federate soldier and fought under Gen. Price, Tenth 
Missouri Infantry. I was captured atHelena, Ark., 
4th of July, '<>.>, and taken from there to Alton, 111., 
where I stayed eight months. From there I was 
taken to Ft. Delaware and remained twelve months, 
so I knew how the Confederate prisoners were treat- 
ed. The period of my prison life was the most un- 
endurable part of my army life; we suffered so much. 
I would be very glad to hear from any comrades 
who knew me there. My barrack was No. 17. 



72 



Qogfederate l/cterai). 



ME. LINCOLN AND BEN HARDIN. HELM. 



The New Orleans States gives the following: 
War Department, j 

Washington, D. C, August 8, 1864. \ 
Major General Burbridge, Lexington, Kentucky: 
Last December Mrs. Emily T. Helm, half sister 
of Mrs. L. and widow of the Rebel General, Ben. 
Hardin Helm, stopped here on her way from Geor- 
gia to Kentucky, and I gave her a paper, as I re- 
member, to protect her against the mere fact of her 
being General Helm's widow. I hear a rumor to- 
day that you recently sought to arrest her, but was 
prevented by her presenting the paper from me. I 
do not intend to protect her against the conse- 
quences of disloyal words or acts spoken or done by 
her since her return to Kentuck}% and if the paper 
given her by me can be construed to give her pro- 
tection for such words or acts, it is hereby revoked 
pro tanto. Deal with her for current conduct just 
as you would with any other. A. Lincoln. [ 

It is not generally known that the Mrs. Emily T. 
Heltn, referred to above, is at this time wintering 
in New Orleans, and occupies, in company with 
two charming daughters, a neat little cottage on 
Carondalet street. Mr. Ben. Helm, the popular 
freight contracting agent for the Louisville and 
Nashville road, a son of Madame Helm, is also a 
resident with his mother and sisters, in fact, as 
Mrs. Helm says so pleasantly, "We are Ben's 
guests, and want to see how we shall like living in 
New Orleans, for the winter at least." 

The other day it was the privilege of the writer 
to spend a delightful hour or two in company with 
the Helms, and he took the liberty, in the course of 
the evening, to show Mrs. Helm the clipping from 
Mr. Lincoln. The lady read it carefully, and said: 

"This dispatch is a surprise to me, as I was never 
arrested or had any trouble with the United States 
authorities. The circumstances of that protection 
paper given to me by President Lincoln occurred in 
this way: Two of my brothers had been killed, one 
at Corinth, the other at Baton Rouge, and the third 
one was slowly dying from a wound received at 
Vicksburg; and at the battle of Chickamauga my 
dear husband had fallen. I had accompanied my 
husband South, and after his death I was given by 
Mr. Lincoln a permit to return to Kentucky by flag 
of truce. Upon reaching Fortress Monroe a United 
States officer come on the boat and told me that he 
had orders to require an oath of allegiance to the 
United States from every one who landed. I asked 
a parole on to Washington, quietly stating that I 
would return in case I was called upon to take the 
oath. I had just left the friends of my husband 
and brothers in arms against the United States, ill- 
fed and poorly clad, and with tears in their eyes 
and sorrow in their brave hearts for me over my 
great bereavement, and they would have felt that I 
had deserted them and had not been true to the 
cause for which my husband had given up his life. 
It was therefore not bravado on my part. 

"Soon after my conversation with the officer, I 
was allowed to go on to Washington, and when I 
arrived at the capital I immediately called on Presi- 



dent Lincoln. Both the President and Mrs. Lin- 
coln, who was my half-sister, received me with 
every affection and kindness. Since I had seen 
them, they had buried from the White House a little 
son who had loved me very dearly, and we on each 
side had overwhelming sorrow that caused our 
meeting to be painful and exceedingly agitating. 

"I told Mr. Lincoln my object in coming to the 
White House and explained my position to him, 
and I told him I did not intend to embarrass or 
make myself conspicuous in any way in case he 
allowed me to proceed to my home in Kentucky. 

"I was his guest for several days, and when I 
left he gave me a paper, which was worded so as to 
protect me in person and property, except as to 
slaves, and as I thanked him, he said: 'I have 
known you all your life and I never knew you to do 
a mean thing.' I answered Mr. Lincoln and told 
him I would not embarrass him after I arrived in 
Kentucky. I was exceedingly careful that no word 
or act of mine should make Mr. Lincoln regret be- 
ing so considerate to me. 

"Every one was ver}' kind indeed to me in Ken- 
tucky, irrespective of party or opinion, and I do not 
think that I made any enemies on account of my ac- 
tions. I had no occasion to use the paper Mr. Lin- 
coln gave me, except once when asking a Federal 
officer to keep his men, who were camped near my 
home, from trespassing upon our grounds and tak- 
ing our meals as they were cooked from our kitch- 
en, which the officer did in the kindest manner 
possible. 

"It is possible that this officer made a report as 
to my possessing the protection paper given me by 
President Lincoln, to General Burbridge, who was 
his superior officer, and this officer possibly desired 
to have orders from President Lincoln as to what 
to do in case I made myself conspicuous. I was not 
arrested, for I gave no cause. I could never have 
been so lost to my word of honor to President Lin- 
coln as to have annoyed him under the circum- 
stances. 

"That he did not believe that I had been impru- 
dent is evidenced by the fact that in March, 1865, 
under the escort of his son (my nephew), with Mrs. 
Bernard Pratt, a relative of General Zachary Taylor, 
and General Singleton, of Illinois, I was allowed to 
go South on some private business of my own, but 
finding it impossible to go further than Richmond, 
Va., and being advised by friends, I returned to 
Baltimore, where I had only been a short time when 
Richmond fell." 

Mrs. Helm was a widow when only twenty-three 
years of age, and left with three small children. 

General Helm was only thirty-three years of age 
when he fell, leading his brigade in battle. He 
was a brave, chivalrous Kentucky gentleman, de- 
scribed as grave, thoughtful and studious; he 
went to West Point and graduated ninth in 1851. 
Lieutenant Helm was assigned to the Second Dra- 
goons. One year's service saw Helm out of the 
Army and immersed in the practice of law. Then 
he went into politics and was in the Kentucky Leg- 
islature in 1855. In 1856 he married Miss Todd. 

Helm fully appreciated the kindly nature and 
quaint wit and force of expression of Abraham Lin- 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



73 



coin, while the other formed a deep attachment for 
the thoughtful, scholarly, handsome and polished 
grandson of Old Ben Hardin. 

In April, 18bl. Helm received an invitation from 
President Lincoln to visit Washington, although a 
Southern Rights Democrat, and Lincoln knew it. 
On the 27th of April, Mr Lincoln called to his 
brother-in-law, and handing him a sealed envelope, 
said: "Ben, hero is something for you. Think it 
over by yourself, and let me know what you will do." 

The envelope contained Helm's nomination as 
paymaster in the United States Army. This was 
the opportunity of his life. By this offer the step- 
ping stone to almost any honorable ambition lay at 
Helm's disposition. This was one side of the pic- 
ture. On the other lay exposed the call of duty to 
his State. It didn't take Helm long to make up his 
mind. "I will try to do what is right. 
You shall have my answer in a few days," sai 1 the 
gallant Kentuckian to the President. 

Of course when Helm got to Kentucky he found 
the State in the midst of a patriotic furore of mili- 
tary enthusiasm. He wrote to Lincoln declining 
the position of paymaster. 

"Helm, Ben Hardin; nominated i<>r paymaster ni 
the United States Army, April 27. 1861. Declined." 
is a record in the War Department. No more; no 
less. It tells the story of honor and emolument 
sacrificed on the altar of duty. By a coincidence, 
it was on the very day that Robert E. Lee resigned 
his commission in the United States Army, to 
throw in his lot with his State, that Helm was tend- 
ered the position ol pa j master by President Lincoln. 

Lincoln and Helm never met again this side oi 
the "great divide." Helm plunged into the strife 
with his whole soul. He organized the First Ken- 
tucky Cavalry for the Confederate Armv, reporting 
in October, 1861, to Albert Sidney Johnston for 
duty. 

March 19, 1Si>2. Col. Helm was gazetted Britra- 
dier-General, and then he organized the First Ken- 
tucky Brigade in the Tennessee Confederate Armv. 
Twice, in 1861 and 1862, General Helm thought of 
his would-be benefactor, Abraham Lincoln, and 
sent the President kindly messages. 

And then the end came to the bright chivalrous 
soldier's life. At Chickamauga Helm's Brigade, 
composed of the Second, Fourth, Sixth and Ninth 
Kentucky and Cobb's Battery, was attached to 
Breckin bridge's Division. The Forty-first Alabama 
was also added to the brigade On September 19, 
the battle commenced with 150,000 men of arms op- 
posed to eacb other. 

On the evening of Sept. 20th while leading his 
command against General Thomas' Corps, General 
Helm fell from his charger mortally wounded, and on 
the morning of the 21st, in the earliest watches of 
the breaking day he was dead. How brave a 
soldier the Confederacy lost that day. history re- 
cords. Ben Hardin Helm wasin the highest sense 
of the word, one of nature's noblemen. He was a 
patriotic Southern gentleman. As he understood 
it, his line of conduct was clear, and he unhesitat- 
ingly trod the path of duty, lie was a scholar, a 
true friend and devoted husband, and as long as the 
world shall last, in the hearts and affections of 



Southern men and women, the name of Ben Hardin 
Helm will be reverenced and his memory honored. 
When Lincoln heard of General Helm's death, it 
is recorded of him. that the martyr president locked 
himself in a private apartment and there gave vent 
to uncontrollable irrief. 



FINK SHOTS IN THE VIRGINIA ARMV. 
."•■ q 

Captain F. S. Harris read Captain Ridley's let- 
ter, and reports remarkable shots from Virginia. 
Considering the kind of guns used, these inci- 
dentsaro wonderful. While there were a few Whit- 
worth rifles that passed the blockade at Wilming- 
ton, those mostly in use were captured, Enfields. 

This paper was designed lor the February number. 

I remember a shot by a Tennessee lieutenant in 
L864, which I have never yet seen equalled. 

Soon after Crant's mine exploded near Peters- 
burg in the summer of 1864, an officer in Archer's 
Tennessee Brigade observed a party of horsemen 
ascend an eminence tar in rear of the 1- ederal lines. 
He called Capt.Slade, Chief Engineer of A. P. Hill's 
Corps, who was passing at that moment, and asked 
him to calculate the distance. Capt. Slade esti- 
mated it to be 2.250 yards, .lust as one of the men, 
apparently a general, rode away from the group 
and stopped on the highest point, the lieutenant 
took a Whitworth rifle belonging to one of the 
sharpshooters in that Brigade, trained the gun on 
him with globe sight, deliberately aimed and tired. 
The officer fell from his horse, and his staff gath- 
ered around him quickly. Two more shots were 
fired in rapid succession, and three men were car- 
ried from that place. A few days later a Northern 

paper announced that General . I forget the 

name, and several of his staff were killed by Rebel 
sharpshooters at long range. 

Fran. Bass, of Company I., Seventh Tennessee, 
and a sharpshooter lor Archer's Brigade, made a 
remarkable shot. A Federal sharpshooter had 
wounded several of our men from an ambuscade. 
Bass, with a pair of field glasses, finally located 
him in a dense tree, protected by its body. Load- 
ing his Enfield carefully, he requested me to go 
with him to the left to uncover the Yankee. We 
finally, with the aid of glasses, located him about 
580 yards off. At the crack of Bass' gun, he fell 
from the tree. Jack Lain, another sharpshooter 
for Archer's Brigade, and Fran. Bass both made 
wonderful shots on June 2, '<>4, at the second battle 
of Cold Harbor, just below Richmond. 

Grant kept sliding to his left, but invariably 
found Lee between him and Richmond. On that 
day Archer's Brigade occupied the extreme left of 
the army, with the sharpshooters at right angles 
and considerably advanced. Lain and I were be- 
hind an impromptu breastwork at an exposed 
point. Only one of the enemy seems to have dis- 
covered us, but in a very few minutes his bullets 
were scraping the top of our pile of dirt. Lain 
held up his hat and Mr. Yank promptly put a bul- 
let through it. His handherchief on a stick caused 
a like result. The enemy evidently knew the 
strength of our breastworks for he put a ball at 



74 



Confederate tfeterai). 



least a foot below the top, passing just in front of 
Lain's nose, and filling' his mouth and eyes with 
Virginia sand. 

That shot made Lain mad and put him to fuss- 
ing. Telling me to lie low and amuse Mr. Yank 
with the handkerchief act, he crawled on his face 
out of range and disappeared. It was not long be- 
fore Lain came up smiling. He had killed him 
over a quarter of a mile distant, and was determined 
to get his gun and haversack. We found him be- 
hind a pile of corded wood with a bullet through his 
head, while a bright new gun and well-filled haver- 
sack were lj 7 ing beside hiin. Joining Fran. Bass 
on our return, we had hardly reached our former 
position, when Lain's keen eye discovered a head 
just above the same pile of corded wood. Bass took 
the new Enfield and fired at that head. Soon Joe 
Hamilton, of Company 7 H., Seventh Tennessee, came 
to us as "mad as a wet hen." Said it was his head 
we saw. He was looking at us, saw the flash of 
Bass' gun and dodged just in time, as the bullet 
cut a chip from the stick where his chin rested. He 
had got in there by mistake. 

That brave J. P. Hamilton boy is now a college 
professor in Tennessee. Poor Bass lost his valu- 
able life a few months later below Petersburg by a 
long range shot. 

Capt. W. B. Harris, of Eighth Tennessee, in- 
forms me that Sam Gordon, of Quarle's Company, 
Eighth Tennessee Regiment, could successively hit 
the bottom of a pint tin cup 1,000 yards with an 
army rifle. Sam now lives at Gainsboro, Tennes- 
see, but his hand is too shaky and his eyes too dim 
to do it again. 

Hon. Wm. Amison, of the Forty-fourth Tennes- 
see, relates that a young man named Brock, of 
Hawkins' sharpshooters, Buckner's Division, was 
killed by a Yankee over a mile away. Brock and 
the Yankee, only, were firing just previous to the 
battle of Perryville. Brock finally exposed himself 
carelessly and bit the dust. The battle was just 
opening, and soon the death grapple commenced. 

Mr. Amison speaks feelingly of Brock's faithful 
servant who had "promised ole Marse to fetch that 
chile to him and ole Mistis." Hearing of his young 
master's death, he made his way to the front line 
while the battle raged, and safely bore the body to 
the rear. How this faithful servant succeeded in 
passing, with Brock's dead body, out of Kentucky, 
through Tennessee, and to South Mississippi, is 
not known. But he did, and brave young Brock's 
grave was watered with the tears of a loving family. 
If this should meet the eye of anyone who can give 
the after-history of Brock's servant, the Veteran 
would be glad to hear of him. 

On the 27 of August, '62, "Old Jack," (Stone- 
wall), suddenly (as was his custom) appeared on the 
plains of Manassas in rear of Pope's Army with 
Archer's Tennessee Brigade in advance. 

Nearing the railroad, Adjutant George A. How- 
ard called Gen. Archtr's attention to a body of 
troops in front. 

The General knowing his Tennesseans were the 
nearest Confederates to Washington, instructed Ad- 
jutant Howard to have Shoemaker's Battery turn 
loose on them, which he promptly did. A move- 



ment was here made, said to have been suggested 
by Adjutant Howard reversing the rules of war. 

The battery charged with Archer closely support- 
ing. They stood their ground for a while, but could 
not long stand Shoemakcrs's grape and shell, and 
broke in wild panic. Maj. Shoemaker, pressing 
closely, selected a position commanding a ridge 
over which they must retreat. I think he killed 
nearly all of them. 

This is not remarkable for long distance shoot- 
ing, but it is more difficult, artillerists know, to cut 
accurately short than long fuse. Maj. Shoemaker 
could not have been more than 100 yards from them. 
But a mile or so east, another column of Yan- 
kees appeared, who at about three- fourths of a mile 
piled up Bob Jackson, John Tucker. J. T. McKen- 
zie, John McDonald and one other of the Seventh 
Tennessee, like rails bj- a storm. 

At the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, '62. 
Maj. Carter Braxton commanding, the Braxton 
Battery, made up in Fredericksburg, saw a line of 
men with a stand of colors standing in his mother's 
3'ard. Knowing his family were gone, he brought 
a twelve lb Napoleon to bear with solid shot. The 
distance being 1,600 yards. The first shot cut 
down the man on the right. The next lowered the 
flag. It was a singular combination of circum- 
stances that Maj. Braxton was assisted by his brave 
Lieutenant (afterward Captain), L. S. Marye. 
The gun they were firing was standing in the yard 
of Capt. Marye's mother and sending shots into the 
yard of Maj. Braxton's mother — a remarkable co- 
incidence. 

In the same battle (Fredericksburg), Pelham's 
Horse Artillery was stationed next to Archer's Ten- 
nessee Brigade on Stonewall's extreme right and al- 
most at right angles to the Tennesseans, and the 
left of Sumner's (?) Grand Division. The Federals 
were at first about twelve or fifteen hundred 3'ard.s 
distant. The officer in command, I suppose Maj. 
Pelham, cut his fuse so correctly that his shells 
burst exactly in the right place. 

When Burnside's general forward movement com- 
menced about four p. m., the left of his line passed 
not over fifty yards from Pelham's Battery. So ac- 
curately were his calculations made that his shells 
continued to explode in the Federal lines until they 
were close enough to use grape. When Sumner's (?) 
lines were opposite and at right angles to Pelham, 
his enfilading- fire was terrible, so Pelham also did 
excellent work in cutting fuse for close range. 



R. W. Oakes writes to the St. Louis Republic an 
interesting story as told by an "old ex-Confederate" 
soldier about the heroism and the humanity of Gen. 
M. P. Lowry, who was at first Colonel Thirty-sec- 
ond Mississippi Regiment, in battle near Marietta. 
The Union troops had charged again and again 
leaving their dead and wounded, of course, in each 
repulse. The woods caught fire and the appeals 
of the Union wounded who could not getaway were 
pitiable in the extreme. Unable to withstand their 
pleadings General Lowry mounted the breastworks 
and called out to the Union commanders: "For 
God's sake stop and send men to put out that fire!" 



Confederate Ueterap. 



75 



THE CAUSES OF THE WAR, 
Address By Hon. John H. Reagan, of Texas. 



After the reunion in Waco, part of the address 
was given in the Veteran. It is now published in 
full. Mr. Reagan, the only Confederate Postmaster 

General and now the only Cabinet Minister living, 
reviews the causes of the war for posterity. 

Comkades, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

This presence revives many hallowed memories of 
the past. It calls to memory the days when hus- 
bands were separated from wives and children; 
sons separated from fathers and mothers, brothers 
and sisters; when loving 1 and loved ones left their 
homes to enter the armies of the Confederacy, with 
hearts proudly responding to the calls of patriotism 
and aching tor those who were left at home. It re- 
calls the forming of military organizations, and the 
Commencement of the march to the seat ot war, 
buoyant with hope, under bright new banners, in 
the presence of smiles which came through tears, 
the waving of handkerchiefs, the silent prayer of 
hope and love, and the soulful "Good-bye, God bless 
you," followed by the parting cheers of friends; a 
few of those departing to return, but many to sleep 
in honorable graves on the field of glory, to which 
duty called them. It calls to mind the long marches, 
the scenes around the camp tires, and anxious prep- 
arations for battle; it brings before the mind anew 
incidents of campaigns, the forming of the lines of 
battle, the moving of the skirmishers into position, 
the rattle of small arms, the advance of the infantry, 
the rapid movement of the cavalry into position, the 
thunder of cannon, the shriek of shell, the roar of 
battle, amidst the shouts of the living and the 
groans of the wounded and dying. It calls up the 
memories of First Manassas, of Seven Pines, of the 
seven days in front of Richmond, of Fredericksburg, 
of Second Manassas, of Sharpsburg, of Gettysburg. 
It reminds us id' Fort Donelson, of Shiloh and Cor- 
inth, of Murfreesboro or Stone's River, of Chickamau- 
ga, of Lookout Mountain, of Elkhorn, of Vicksburg, 
of Atlanta, of Franklin, where Pat Cleburne and 
other heroes fell, and of an hundred other fields on 
which Confederate skill and courage and constancy 
were displayed. It causes a renewal of our admira- 
tion and love for such great captains as Robert E. 
Lee. Stonewall Jackson, Sidney Johnston, Joseph 
E.Johnston, Beauregard, Bragg, Longstreet, Hood, 
Kirby-Smith, Gordon, Cleburne, Polk, Price, Breck- 
enridge, Ben McCulloch, John Gregg, Tom Green, 
Granburv, Randall, Scurry, Ector, Cabell, Ross, 
Waul, W. H. F. and Fitzhugb Lee, J. E. B. Stuart. 
Forrest, Wheeler, and an hundred other heroic lead- 
ers in "the lost cause". Great as was the ability 
and courage and purity of life of our generals, who 
deservedly achieved a world-wide fame, and proud 
as we were and are of their characters and virtues. 
we turn with still greater pride and holier reverence, 
if such a thing be possible, to the memory of the 
subaltern oflicers and private soldiers, who, for four 
weary years of privation, suffering, carnage and 
death, carried the banners of the Confederacy, and 
offered their lives for their country's liberty, because 



they served and suffered without the incentive of 
office or rank, animated solely by their love of home 
and country, for their devotion to a cause dearer to 
them than life. 

There were features in the struggle of the Con- 
federacy which must hold place in history as long 
as the admiration of genius, and courage, and virtue 
shall survive. Its people entered the contest with- 
out a general government, without an army, with- 
out a navy, and. without a treasury; they organized 
all these during the existence of the war; they 
provided a few naval vessels and brought hundreds 
of thousands of men into the field, by which they 
bid defiance to a well-equipped government for four 
years, which required more than two millions of 
men to subdue them. During this time many g 
battles were fought and victories won and lost, in 
which tens i-^i thousands of men were engaged. 

The existence of state governments facilita 
this wonderful achievement, but this could not have 
been accomplished except for the great devotion oi 
the people to their cause, guided by the consummate 
ability and patriotic devotion of President Davis and 
his cabinet ministers and the members of the Cor. 
federate Congress. 

Of late years we occasionally hear the inquiry as 
to what caused this great war, with all its sacrifices 
of life and property. Sometimes the inquiry is made 
by those seeking information, again others make it 
in order to belittle those who were engaged in it. 
A struggle which cost hundreds of thousands of 
valuable lives, and by which many billions of money 
was spent and property sacrificed, could hardly have 
been engaged in without a sufficient cause. And 
those who assume that it was not. only show their 
own ignorance of the history of our country. With- 
out raising the question as to who was right and 
who wrong in that struggle, I think our children 
should know why their fathers engaged in so great 
a war. 

During colonial times in this country the political 
authorities id' Great Britain, Spain ami France, and 
the Dutch merchants planted African slavery in all 
the North American colonies. At the time of tin 
declaration of American independence, 177<>, Afri- 
can slavery existed in all of the thirteen colonies. 
At the date of the adoption of the Federal Constitu- 
tion. 17><7, African slavery existed in all of the 
States except one. The commercial reason for 
the planting of African slavery in this country was 
no doubt stimulated by the hope of ease and gain. 
It was at the same time justified by the church on 
the ground that the negroes were taken from a 
condition of heathenish barbarism and eannabalisin 
and brought to where they could be taught the arts 
of civilization and industry, and where they could 
be instructed in the doctrines and practices of the 
Christian religion. I am not discussing the ques 
tion now as to whether this practice and these views 
were correct; I am only telling you what was done 
and thought to be right by our ancestors and by the 
great governments of the world. 

When the Constitution of the United States, the 
compact of union, was adopted it recognized the 
right of property in African slaves. The trade was 
still being carried on, and the Constitution of the 



76 



Confederate l/eterar?. 






United States provided that it should not be prohib- 
ited by Congress prior to the year 180S, twenty years 
after the adoption of the Constitution. It also pro- 
vided that slaves escaping- from one State into an- 
other should not be discharged from service or labor. 
but should be delivered to their owners. There were 
differences of opinion as to the rightfulness of slav- 
ery among the men who formed the Constitution. 
Subsequently, and before 1S61, a number of North- 
ern States, where slave labor was not profitable, 
abolished that institution. And by degrees a strong 




j FMN. JOHN' H. UEAGAN. 



prejudice grew-up against slavery :"first among phi- 
lanthropists and religionists; and then, in a number 
of States, it became a political question. The agi- 
tation of this question was not at first entirely sec- 
tional, but it became so subsequently. Its agitation, 
as early as 1820, threatened the perpetuity of the 
Union, and it continued until it caused bloodshed in 
Kansas, also the invasion of Virginia by John Brown 
and his deluded followers for the purpose of inau- 
gurating civil and servile war in that State. When 
he was executed for his crimes Northern churches 
were draped in mourning, and their bells tolled in 
sympathy for him and sorrow for his fate. 

In the Thirty-fifth Congress, when the agitation 



was threatening the peace of the country, thirty 
odd propositions of compromise were made, for the 
purpose of averting the danger of disunion; all of 
these without exception were made either by South- 
ern members or Northern Democratic members, and 
every one of these propositions was received by the 
Republican members with hooting and expressions 
of derision. The Southern members were often told 
that they had to submit to the will of the majority. 
The Constitution was denounced by some of the agi- 
tators as "a league with hell and a covenant with 
death," and the agitators claimed that there 
was a higher law than the Constitution. 

In the campaign of I860 the Republicans 
nominated as their anti-slavery ticket both 
their candidates for President and Vice- 
President from the Northern States; a 
ihing which had not occurred before that 
time, except in the election of General 
Jackson as President and Mr. Calhoun as 
Vice-President, both from Southern States, 
in 1828, when there was no sectional issue. 
In 1832 the peace of the country, if not the 
integrity of the Union, was threatened on 
the question of the revenue policy of the 
government, which led to the steps taken 
by South Carolina to null.fy the acts of 
Congress by which duties on imports and 
tor the protection of home industries were 
levied in a way which it was believed did 
not bear equally on the different parts of 
the country, and which was believed to in- 
volve a violation of the Constitution. 

Both these were questions which came 
up under the broader and greater question 
of the proper construction of the Constitu- 
tion of the United States. In the Federal 
Convention of 1787, which framed the Con- 
stitution of the United States, the question 
as to the character of the government we 
were to have, and of the powers which 
were to be conferred on it. and in the con- 
ventions of the States, which ratified the 
Constitution, were very ably discussed, 
some of the members in each preferring a 
strong Federal Government, and others, 
jealous of the rights of the States and 
more solicitous for the liberties of the 
people, preferring a government with lim- 
ited powers. 

The States represented in the Federal 
Convention were each free, sovereign and 
independent. The Constitution formed by that con- 
vention and ratified by the States conferred on the 
o-overnment, so formed, certain specified and limited 
powers necessary to enable it to conduct our for- 
eign and Federal relations, reserving to the States 
respectively and to the people all the powers not 
so delegated. The question was discussed in the 
convention as to what should be done in case of dis- 
agreement between the Federal Government and one 
or more of the States. A proposition was made by- 
Alexander Hamilton to confer on the Federal Gov- 
ernment power to coerce refractory States; and was 
voted down. So this power was not expressly given by 
the Constitution, nor embraced in the powers given 



Confederate Ueterap. 



77 



During President Washington's administration. 
the first under the Constitution, the question as to 
whether the Constitution should be strictly con- 
strued, so as to preserve the reserved rights of the 
States, or should receive a latitudinous construction 
looking to strengthening the government beyond 
the powers delegated by it, was sharply made be- 
tween Thomas Jefferson, the Secretary of State, 
contending for its strict construction, and Alexander 
Hamilton, contending for a broader construction. 

During the administration of the elder Adams 
the Congress, with the approval of the- President, 




i. Km; 1. 1 MOORM IX, Idjutant-General United Confederate \ i 

^kc-l.'ti in \ BTKRAN lor \m 'ember.) 

passed what is known in tin- history of the times as 
the Alien and Sedition laws. The strict construc- 
tionists, under the lead of Mr. Jefferson, denied the 
constitutionality of these laws, and charged that 
they endangered the liberty of the citizens. Upon 
this issue the American people agreed with Sir. 
Jefferson and elected him President in the year 1800, 
and again in IS114. 

In tin- year L793 the legislature of Kentucky, ami 
in the vear 1799 the legislature of Virginia, passed 
resolutions denouncing the Alien and Sedition laws 
as violative of the Constitution, as dangerous to 
liberty, and asserted the ri^'lit of the States to pro- 
tect themselves against unconstitutional laws and 



acts of the Federal Government. And in these res- 
olutions they asserted the right of the States to 
protect the people against the unconstitutional acts 
and arbitrary power of the Federal Government, that 
they were the judges of their rights and remedies, 
but that this power was not to be exercised bv them 
except in extreme cases when there was no other 

remedy. £~ __.; *" '_ 

Fnder this issue what was known as the Federal 
party went out of power and out of existence. And 
under this, asunder the doctrine of the then Repub- 
lican party, which afterwards became the Democratic 
party, Mr. JclTerscn, Mr. Madison and 
Mr. Monroe successively held the office of 
President of the United States for twen- 
ty-four consecutive years. It was always 
the doctrine of the Democratic party, down 
to 1860, and was specifically endorsed by- 
its national conventions in several can- 
vasses tor President and Vice-President 
preceding the war. 

1 am not saying whether this is or is 
iint the doctrine of the Democratic party 
now; I am only reciting these facts to 
show the opinions which prevailed before 
the war between the States, and in a large 
measure guided the people of the South- 
ern States whi 11 they passed their ordi- 
nances of secession. They believed a 
public opinion had been created in the 
Northern States which threatened the 
peace of the country and the rights of the 
people. They believed the constitution 
of the United States had ceased to 
shield for their protection, also that their 
safety anil welfare made it necessary for 
them to withdraw from the Union, and to 
form a government friendly to their peo- 
ple, and under which their rights would 
be secured to them. 

They were in part led to this conclu- 
sion by the tacts I have stated ami because 
the people of the Northern States had re- 
pudiated the provisions <>t the Constitu- 
tion, and ol the acts of Congress which 
were intended to protect them 111 the en- 
joyment ol their local, social and domes- 
tic institutions, and which were intended 
to protect three thousand million dollars 
of property in slaves; also that they had 
repudiated a decision of the Supreme 
Court of the United States which affirmed 
the doctrine of the Constitution and laws of Congress 
on this subject; that some of the Northern States 
had passed laws forbidding their authorities and 
people from aiding to execute the provisions of the 
Constitution and laws requiring the rendition of fu- 
gitive slaves. 

These things and others of like character caused 
the Southern States to attempt to withdraw from 
the Union. And the principles I have called to 
view, and the facts I have referred to, led to the 
great war which cost so much blood and treasure. 
These principles and events are answers to the new 
generation as to why their fathers gave their servi- 
ces, their property, and their lives in that war: why 



78 



Qopfederace l/ecerao. 



brave men fought and died, and why holy men, 
and pure and noble women prayed for its success; 
why senators and representatives in Congress, and 
officers of the army and navy surrendered their 
offices and emoluments and abandoned a condition 
of peace and securit}' and offered their fortunes and 
their lives in so unequal a contest; and why the 
people at large in these States, with remarkable 
unanimity, staked every earthly thing - which was 
precious and dear to them, in so unequal a war, 
rather than submit to the degradation of living un- 
der a violated Constitution and laws, and being 
compelled to accept only such rights in the Union 
as might be accorded to them by the grace of a hos- 
tile popular majority. 

Some persons, who were specially wise (?) after 
the war, say we had better have compromised than 
have accepled battle with such a preponderance of 
population and wealth and the power of an organ- 
ized government against us. Can any one point to 
an instance in history where principles of such 
magnitude, and property of such value, were settled 
by compromise? As well have asked why our revo- 
lutionary fathers did nut compromise with King 
George. It was one of those cases which, under all 
the circumstances, could only be settled by an ap- 
peal to the god of battles. And those who think a 
settlement could have been made by a compromise 
certainly cannot have been familiar with the facts 
which led to the war. 

Horace Greely, in the preface to his history of 
what he calls the rebellion, said: "The war might 
have been brought on a little earlier, or it might 
have been postponed to a little later date, but sooner 
or later it was inevitable." And he spoke the truth. 
It is unreasonable to assume that statesmen, philan- 
thropists, citizens in the ordinary peaceful walks of 
life, the ministers of religion, and the women of the 
country, would needlessly and without provocation 
have consented to engage in a war of such magni- 
tude, and that, too, when numbers, the materials of 
war, and a powerful organized government, were to 
be encountered by people without a general govern- 
ment, without an army, without a navy, and with- 
out a treasury. I do not believe that any people in 
any age ever entered into a war with higher or 
purer or holier purposes; nor do I believe that any 
people in the world's history ever displajed more 
patriotism or made greater sacrifices, or exhibited 
greater endurance and courage than the soldiers and 
people of the Confederate States. 

You will all understand that in making these 
statements I am not doing so to renew the passions 
and prejudices of the war, or to question the patriot- 
ism of the men who fought for the Union. I doubt 
not that their patriotism was as pure and their be- 
lief that the}' were in the right was a$ strong as 
ours. lam discussing thei-e things as facts of his- 
tory, which if not kept in view by our people might 
make posterit} 7 question the patriotism and virtue of 
the noble men who fought in that war, and of the 
pure women who worked and prayed for their suc- 
cess. 

No one can feel more gratification that the war is 
ended and that peace and fraternal good will are re- 
stored between the people North and South, than I. 



And I can meet and greet the soldier who wore the 
blue as a friend and a brother, and am glad that 
many of them have made their homes among us. 
We are now under the same government and flag; 
we have the same laws and language; we read the 
same Bible and worship the same God; we are the 
same people, with the same hopes, aspirations, and 
destiny. 

One of the proudest memories of that great war is 
of the conduct of the women of the Confederacy, 
who willingly gave their fathers and husbands and 
brothers to the service of the Confederac} 7 . In very 
many cases they took upon themselves the burden 
of supporting their families, both aged parents and 
children, by their own labor. And in the struggles 
to take care of home affairs they would spin and 
weave, and knit, and make up garments for their 
loved ones both at home and in the ranks of the 
army. They denied themselves the ordinary com- 
forts and the necessaries of life in order to help sup- 
ply the army, to take care of the sick and wounded 
soldiers, and to feed and clothe such as were in their 
reach. Man} 7 good women — who before the war 
were only engaged in such indoor and delicate em- 
ployments as the customs of the country had as- 
signed to women — in the absence of the male mem- 
bers of their families in the army, in order to sup- 
port their families, planted and cultivated and gath- 
ered the necessary field crops, chopped and hauled 
wood, fed and attended the stock; cheerfully per-, 
forming such duties as their part of the sacrifices 
necessary to achieve the independence of the Con- 
federacy. If time permitted this might be illus- 
trated by many striking instances of the grand he- 
roism of our women, a moral heroism even greater 
and grander than that of the soldier who fell in the 
excitement of battle. I mention one such instance, 
as told me by Governor Letcher, of Virginia, dur- 
ing the war. He had visited his home at Staunton, 
and returning had stopped at the house of an old 
friend. Seeing none but the good lady at home he 
inquired for the balance of the family. Her reply 
was that her husband, her husband's father, and her 
ten sons were in the same company in the army. 
He said to her that having been accustomed to have 
a large family around her she must feel very lonely. 
This noble matron replied, "Yes. it is very hard to 
be alone, but if I had ten more sons they should all 
be in the army." Can any one be surprised that a 
country, whose women were capable of such sacri- 
fices, and sufferings willingly endured, and devotion 
to and prayers for their country's cause, should have 
prolonged the struggle for independence after its 
army had been reduced by causualties in battle and 
otherwise to a mere skeleton, whose money had been 
depreciated until it had but little purchasing power, 
whose soldiers were half naked, with barely food to 
sustain life, and whose country had been desolated 
by the ravages of war? 

The world's history can hardly show an instance 
in which such courage and constancy and devotion 
have been shown by both men and women in the 
face of so powerful an enemy. And I predict that 
in the not distant future, some Macaulay will be 
found who will do justice to their patriotism, and 
skill, and courage, and that the citizens of all parts 



^opfederate Ueterap. 



79 . 



of the Union, North and South, will feel a iust 
pride in the fact that such men and women and their 
descendants form a part of the population of this 
great Republic; as we of the South shall feel a iust 
pride in being- citizens of a country which produced 
a Davis and a Lincoln, a Lee and a Grant, a Stone- 
wall Jackson and a ; and their respective 

compatriots. 

With all our pride on account of the qualities ex- 
hibited by our people during- the war, perhaps the 
most striking- illustration of their capacity for self- 
government is shown by their conduct since it ended. 
Their county desolated by the war; their wealth 
and resources exhausted; tens of thousands of their 
best men filling- honorable graves on the fields of 
battle; their social and domestic institutions de- 
stroyed; their local g-overnments annulled under the 
policy of reconstruction; denied the blessings of 
civil government; the military made paramount to 
the civil authorities; the right of the writ of habeas 
corpus suspended; arrests without affidavits of guilt 
and without warrant; citizens liable to be tried by 
drum head military courts; freedmen's bureaus es- 
tablished everywhere, under the control of the mili- 
tary and a set ol lawless camp followers of the army, 
stimulating- the negroes to hostility to the whites; 
with an alien race made dominant who were unused 
to the exercise ot the duties of citizenship, and un- 
qualified for self-government, with no security tor 
life, person, or property. Overwhelmed by all these 
calamities, that the people should have been able t" 
reorganize society, and to re-establish civil govern- 
ment, revive the ordinary industries of the country; 
and, in less than thirty years, reach the condition of 
general prosperity which now prevails throughout 
the Southern States, furnishes the strongest possi- 
ble proof of the capacity of our people for the pres- 
ervation of social order and self-government, and 
cannot fail to secure for them the good opinion of 
the civilized world. 

I wish to say something about reunions, like the 
present, of the soldiers of both the Southern and the 
Northern armies. Some persons object to them lie- 
cause they fear the effect will lie to revive and per- 
petuate the passions and prejudices of the war. I 
think this is a mistaken view. That they cause a 
revival of the memories of the war is true. But it 
does not necessarily follow that such meetings will 
revive the passions and prejudices of the war. 
Many instances have occurred in both the South and 
the North in which the soldiers of the two sides 
have met together, and in fraternal kindness re- 
counted the triumphs and gloriesof their respective 
armies, those of the one side feeling that those ol 
the other were entitled to their respect, and all feel- 
ing that they were now fellow citizens and brethren. 

That war will go down in history as one of the 
great wars of the world. The officers distinguished 
for skill and the soldiers distinguished for courage 
rarely equalled in ancient or modern times. As 
long as patriotism and love of country and admira- 
tion lor skill and courage survive, the memory of 
the achievements on both sides will gratify Ameri- 
can pride, and stimulate American patriotism and 
valor. 

A people without a history cannot command re- 



spect. One of the offices of history is to perpetuate 
achievements in the arts, in the sciences, in arms, 
in government, and in religion, and so to cultivate 
the love of country and the g'lory of a people. 

Whatever lingering prejudices may still exist, 
preventing any of the people of either side from do- 
ing justice to the memory and motives of those on 
the other side, must in a few more decades entirely 
give way, and then the sons and daughters of the 
late Confederates will be proud of the valor and 
achievements of the Federal officers and soldiers, 
and the sons and daughters of those who served in 
the Federal armies will be equally proud of the 
achievements of the late Confederates. And each 
side, in my judgment, does well to perpetuate the 
remembrance of the virtues, the skill, the courage, 
and the achievements of its statesmen, its generals, 
its soldiers and its noble women. 



"SOUTHERN SOLDIERS." 

The Boston Evening Gazette, established in 1813, 
has an article under the above caption. Read it. 

A tew members of the Grand Army of Republic 
in Woburn are complaining that the text- books used 
in leaching history to the public school children of 
that town are robbing them of some of their hard- 
earned laurels. They seem to advocate a return to 
the style of book in vogue twenty-live years ago 
when pupils were taught that Jefferson Davis was a 
little bit worse than old Satan himself, and that 
Southern chivalry meant cowardly brutality. How 
can it detract from the glory of brave men to tell 
their posterity that the foes they conquered were 
among the finest soldiers that the world has ever 
seen? What generous Northern veteran would 
strive to rcd> the South of that which belongs to 
her as the mother of those interpid heroes who fol- 
lowed Pickett to annihilation at Gettysburg? Our 
united country is proud of them. The fame of their 
unsurpassed valor is part of our national heritage. 
Every truly patriotic American hopes that the 
mighty race is not extinct, and that when the call 
comes for the men of Virginia, of South Carolina 
and of Alabama to stand under the old flag, shoulder 
to shoulder with the men of Massachusetts, of Penn- 
sylvania and id" Illinois, there shall arise another 
Lee, another Jackson and another Johnston. What 
stainless knight of mediaeval romance can claim 
precedence over these'/ To east one false slur upon 
their fame is to insult the memory of Grant, of Sher- 
man and of Sheridan. 

To that editor: May you live long and prosper. 



M. O. Brooks, Ilarpeth, Tenn.: At the battle of 
Franklin, 1864, a Lieut. Dunningman, (or some 
such name), member of a Texas regiment, was 
wounded in the front part of the body, and was 
taken to Douglas Church, four miles from Franklin, 
then used as a hospital. From there he went to the 
residence of Dr. Hughes, in the neigh borhood, 
where he remained until his recovery, when he re- 
turned to the church and reported having: been pa- 
roled. He afterwards made his escape. I can have 
the sword returned to him or to any of his relatives. 



80 



Confederate 1/eterag. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 

8. A. CUNNINGHAM. Editor and Prop'r. S. W. MEEK. Publisher. 

Oilice: Willcox Building, Clmrcli street, Nashville. Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A.Cunningham. All 
persons who approve its principles.and realize its benelits as an organ for 
Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron- 
age and to co-operate in extending ; t. 



HONOR ROLL OF NAMES. 



It will be seen that the list of subscribers to the 
Samuel Davis Monument is arranged alphabeti- 
cally and without regard to States. This record is 
designed to honor the contributors in the highest 
possible way. These names are electrotyped sep- 
arately, so that additions can be put in their proper 
places, and it is the purpose of the Custodian of the 
fund to print a book when the work is finished, 
giving a brief history of the movement whereby the 
entire list of contributors of one dollar and over, will 
be preserved by them and their families as a per- 
petual memorial. 

HAVE YOU CONSIDERED THIS SUBJECT? 

This roll of subscribers attests that they honor the 
memory of Samuel Davis, whose record for truth, 
and faith to his promise, has never been excelled; 
it attests that they pay tribute to a private soldier 
in the Confederate Army, dead for a generation, 
and desire that through the indefinite future they 
would be remembered as giving their substance and 
their influence, that characters yet to be formed ma}- 
have the unparalleled lesson set by his nobility of 
soul; they establish by this action the grandest 
patriotism. But above country, and above everything 
that belongs to this world, the}' commend sacrifice 
that kills the body, if need be, that the soul be 
kept pure and worthy its place in the celestial. 

Do not delay action about this matter. Send the 
dollar, or dollars if you desire, that you and your 
children 'may be in this record, or, send for blank 
notes, payable next July. Let us co-operate, at 
once, in a way that will amaze those who are sor- 
did and induce them to inquire into the history of 
Samuel Davis. 

Mr. Joseph W. Allen, of Nashville, whose contri- 
bution is, so far, the largest, and who would not 
hesitate to make it ten times greater— an octoge- 
narian honored second to no man by those who 
know him — suggests uniform action by the South- 
ern people. He named July 4th, but as so many 
veterans will be away from home because of the reun- 
ion at Richmond and subsequent gathering in New 
York, he names the anniversary of the first great 
battle of the war that cost the noble Davis his life. 
Upon calling at this office he suggested such move- 



ment and that the notice be continued in the Vet- 
eran to the time, and he volunteered to "father" it. 
"I suggest that on July 21st, all Confederate sol- 
diers, their children and grandchildren, gather at 
their Bivouac, or some central place, and each one 
contribute a dime to the Sam Davis Monument 
Fund, and whoever receives the money shall record 
the names of the donors, and forward to S. A. Cun- 
ningham. These names to be printed on parchment, 
bound in brass, and deposited in the corner stone of 
the monument, to hand down to future generations 
as a tribute to the greatest hero the world ever saw. 
I abo suggest that we erect on Capitol Hill in Nash- 
ville a monument that will stand until 'Gabriel 
blows his horn.' " 



The list of subscriptions of the Sam. Davis Mon- 
ument from people, many of whom have to labor 
hard for all they get, is a remarkable showing. One 
man is mentioned in illustration. Albert E. Par- 
due, at Cheap Hill, on the Cumberland River, was 
seen last summer peddling apples around a steam 
boat, selling to the deck hands five cents worth, and 
so diligent was he that perspiration was dripping 
from him. This faithful Confederate Veteran sent 
eight dollars for the monument. 



Maj. J. A. Cheatham, Memphis, Tenn., in renew- 
ing his subscription, writes: I also send my mite 
for the Samuel Davis Monument. I can, I hope, 
send another one later if needed. There was no 
grander sacrifice made by man or woman during 
the terrific struggle between the "States" than this 
deliberate, unflinching giving of his young life to 
keep his promise true. 

This act of heroism removes him, his memory 
and his fame, from the narrow confines of family or 
neighborhood claims and leaves name and fame to 
the whole Southland, and in the cherished keeping 
of the old veterans. 'Tis as well to leave his dust 
in the family vault — that is nothing now — but the 
emblem of his sacrifice — the monument — should 
stand alongside some public highway. I say at 
the northeast corner of the Capitol grounds, Nash- 
ville, and should a statue ever crown the shaft, let 
it face "Old Hickory" high up the hill, as if appeal- 
ing to him for his approval. 

Major Cheatham is the only surviving brother of 
Gen. B. F. Cheatham, the revered "Mars Frank." 



Dr. W. H. Hancock, of Paris, Texas, writes in 
commendation of the Veteran, wishes it long life, 
etc., and adds: I am going to give and work for 
the Sam Davis Monument. * * * All Ameri- 
cans, and particularl}- his old comrades, should give 
freely and at once to put a statue equal to any in 



Confederate l/eterap. 



81 



existence on Capitol Hill in Nashville, near Andrew 
Jackson, where it would do homage to the old hero. 
I am sure if Jackson could speak he would say, "1 
want his company." 

T knew Sam Davis, also his lather, mother and 
grandmother the}- were my blood kin. Your 
photos of the old people are lifelike just as they 
looked when 1 visited them soon after the war. the 
old man then declining- with age. bowed down with 
grief on account of the loss of his two sons. He re- 
counted to me with tears and pride how nobly Sam 
died. I have read with much interest the varied 
accounts in the VETERAN, and found them similar 
to what Mr. Davis told me. 

Yes, I'm an old Confederate, now in my sixtieth 
year, was wounded at the battle of Shiloh,, on Sun- 
day evening; was a member of Bate's Regiment, 
Capt. Butler's Company A., was discharged on ac- 
count of my wound never recovered, never can. 1. 
and Capt. Humphry Bate. I Gen. Bate's brother), who 
was mortally wounded, were taken off the field to- 
gether — Captain B. knew he would die- gave me 
messages of love to carry to his family, if he should 
expire before we should reach the Colonel's quar- 
ters where he lay wounded. My recollection is that 
Capt. Bate died soon alter we reached the tent. I 
gladly testify to Capt. Bate's bravery and loyalty to 
the Southern States. You will excuse me when 1 
repeat, you have caused my old enthusiasm to rise. 



DAUGHTERS OK THE CONFEDERACY. 



Virginia Chapters Form \ Division. 



MR. C. B. ROUSSTO MRS. J. C. BROWN. 

Mr. Charles Broadway R0USS has written to Mrs. 
John C. Brown, President United Daughters of tin 
Confederacy, whose appeal in behalf of tin- South- 
ern Battle Abbey appeared in last Veteran. It 
concludes as follows: * * * 

The recent meeting's in Nashville greatly expand- 
ed m\ hopes of successful results in Tennessee, and 
your eloquent and patriotic appeal to the women of 
the South removes all limits to my expectations. I 
am confident that your call will meet with a cheer- 
ful and hearty response from all parts of the South. 
Tlie plans of work which you recommend are so ad- 
mirable in detail and so easy of execution that 
unity of action must surely result. I congratulate 
you in advance upon a success which cannot fail to 
be gratifying to you. The Confederate Veterans 
will hold you in the greatest esteem and affection 
for having enabled them to realize the hopes in 
which they have indulged for so many years past. 
I will esteem it a privilege- and a pleasure to be per- 
mitted to assist in your good work in any way you 
may be pleased to indicate. I am entirely at your 
command, with great respect. 

\Vm. A. Obenchain, President of Ogden Colleg-e, 

Bowling Green, Ky.. lacks but No. 1, of Vol. 1, to 
have his VETERAN tile complete. If any one can 
accommodate him, the favor will be reciprocated 
liberally by the VETERAN. 



1 >elegat» s assembled at the 1 Fniversity of Virginia 
February 1 2th. to form a State Division .if Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy. There were present Mr-* 
General J. K. B. .Stuart, Staunton, and Mrs. Guy, 
from Staunton; Mrs. Norman V, Randolph. Rich- 
mond; Mrs. Dr. A. D. Estill, Lexington; Sirs. Geo. 
W. Helms and Mrs. W. F. Turnbull. Newport N< ws; 
Mrs. Kobt. T. Meade. Petersburg; Mrs. Elliott C 
Fishburne. Waynesboro, and four delegates from the 
Charlottesville Chapter Mrs. C. C. Wertenbaker 
and Miss G. Hill, of Charlottesville: Mrs. N. K. 
Davis and Mrs. Carnett, ol the Fniversity. 

A constitution based on that of the "Grand Camp 
of Confederate Veterans, Department of Virginia," 
ami on the by-laws already used by the chapters 
was adopted, and the following officers were elected: 
Mrs. James Mercer Carnett. President; Mrs. Gen. 
.1. I-!. B. Stuart, first Vice-President; Mrs. Norman 
Y. Randolph, second Vice-President; Mrs. Thomas 
Lewis, third Vice-President; Mrs. Robt. T. Meade, 
[nspector; Mrs. Dr. A. 1). Estill, Treasurer; Mrs N 
K. Davis. Corresponding Secretary: Mrs. W. F 
Turnbull. Recording Secretary; Mrs. p II. Smith. 
Chaplain. 

Cordial invitation was extended to the live chap- 
ters in Virginia, chartered by the "'United Daugh- 
tersof the Confederacy, "namely: Alexandria, War- 
re.nton, Lynchburg, Appomattox and Norfolk, to 
unite with them. As a large majority of the camps 
of the "Grand Camp of Confederate Veterans in 
Virginia" are not connected with the United Con- 
federate Veterans, these live chapters of the 
"Daughters of tin- Confederacy" could unite with 
the Grand Division in Virginia, and yet retain their 
charters in the "United" organization. It was 
agreed that the next meeting should be held in 
Richmond the last of June, at the time of the meet- 
ing of the United Confederate Veterans, 

Mrs. Stu.irl .iuiioiim-edth.it thirty of the voting 
ladies of the Virginia Female Institute had formed 
,i Chapter of ' 'Daughters of the Confederacy, "among 
themselves manifesting great interest in the work. 

Altera most agreeable session, the meeting ad- 
journed and an informal reception was held at Prof. 
Garnett's residence, University of Virginia. 

Hon. J. II. Reagan, who was invited bv 1 'vol. A. I'. 
Bourland, Managerat Monteagle,Tenn., todeliveran 
address to the Assembly on Confederate Day, writes: 

I can hardly (ell von what gratification it would be 
to me to meet at the Assembly the noble men who 
gave their services ami offered their lives for a cause 
then so dear to us all; and who have won such great 
civic honors bv their course of action since the war, in 
the preservation of civil society when all was ch 
and in restoring good political government under 
the most adverse circumstances. God bless the old 
veterans for what they were and for what they are. 
It is a source of grief to me that I shall not be able 
to meet and to o-reet them. 



82 



Qopfederate Vetera^. 



PERILOUS RETURN TO CAMP. 



Capt. H. J. Cheney, who was upon the staff of 
Gen. W. B. Bate, now United States Senator for 
Tennessee, tells a good story about how he got 
back to camp when absent without permission. He 
is the most typical Southerner in Tennessee unless 
Hon. John G. Ballentyne, of Pulaski, be the excep- 
tion, and one of the cleverest men alive. He is the 
present obliging postmaster at Nashville: 




#.<■ 





CAPT. HAMPTON J. CHENEY. 

In the summer of 1861 the Second Tennessee Reg- 
iment, commanded by the gallant Col. W. B. Bate, 
was encamped near Stafford. Court House, Va., for 
the purpose of supporting the batteries planted at 
Evansport, and to prevent the enemy from landing 
at the mouth of Acquia Creek, which was the ter- 
minus of the railroad leading from Richmond. 

In recalling this famous old regiment as it 
then appeared, I think it was the finest body of men 
the eye ever rested upon. Most of them were young 
men who left their homes actuated by but one im- 
pulse, to repel the invader from their soil and to 
protect their homes and loved ones from violence, or 
die in the attempt. All were from the blue grass 
section of the State and had the blood of heroes in 
their veins. 

As my memory reverts to those summer days on 
the Potomac, it lingers over the recollections of the 
gallant spirits with whom I mingled, most of whom 
now fill bloody, but honorable graves. 

The monotony of camp life was broken by an oc- 
casional alarm that the enemy was landing at Ac- 



quia Creek, and sometimes a skirmish with the 
gunboats, when they ventured too near, but all 
were pining for an opportunity to meet the enemy 
and show them what kind of stuff we were made of. 
The truth is, we were afraid the war would close 
before we had a chance at the enemy, and the 
thought of returning to our homes without a story, 
to tell to our sweethearts and our wives, of battles 
fought and won was shocking to our soldierly pride. 
But alas! alas! * * * * 

On one of those summerevenings our Lieut. -Col., 
Goodall, asked me if I did not wish a good supper. 
How could a Confederate soldier have replied oth- 
erwise than as I did— "Yes, sir!" "Well," he said, 
"I have an engagement to take supper with a farmer 
in the neighborhood and I want you to accompany 
me. Take Major Doak's horse and come right along." 
Visions of good hot coffee, delicious hot biscuit 
with fresh yellow butter, and, may be, fried chicken, 
filled my mind, and I actually forgot that my time 
as Officer of the Day would come on at 7 o'clock, un- 
til I had ridden some distance. When it occurred 
to me I checked my horse and sadly said: "Colonel, 
I thank you for your kindness but I must return, as 
I have just recalled that I am Officer of the Day at 
7 o'clock." "Oh, come along," he replied, "your 
Lieut. -Colonel will protect you." While I doubted 
his ability to make good his promise, yet that fried 
chicken and other good things so controlled my im- 
agination that all scruples were overcome, and we 
rode cheerily along, I breathing a silent prayer that 
no harm might result from m}' escapade. 

Upon reaching the farm house our host gave us a 
warm welcome, characteristic of the Virginia gen- 
tleman; introduced us to his wife and daughters; 
ushered us into the dining-room — what a spread 
lay before us! The fried chicken was there, the 
sweet yellow butter, with the whitest, lightest and 
most transparent bread I ever saw, and numerous 
other good things. How sorry I felt for the poor 
devils in camp! I had just taken a biscuit in my 
hand when boom! boom! roared the artillery from 
our batteries. I knew this meant business, so I 
sprang to my feet and on to my horse and went fly- 
ing toward camp. All at once the horrible thought 
occurred to me that I was Officer of the Day, outside 
the picket line and without the countersign. If I 
was taken in as a prisoner a court-martial and inev- 
itable disgrace would certainly follow. I at once 
made up my mind that probable death was prefera- 
ble to certain disgrace. I knew that our men were 
green soldiers — had never encountered an enemy, 
and believed if I dashed suddenly upon them I might 
stand a chance to get through without being shot, 
especially as it was very dark, hence with a wild 
yell I sprang into their midst and had passed before 
a shot was fired. As I lay flat on my horse I could 
hear the bullets whistling harmlessly by. After 
tying my horse where I found him, I proceeded into 
camp and heard the Col. inquiring in a loud and, it 
seemed to me, angry tone, "Where is the Officer of 
the Day?" I replied, just behind him, and I think in 
rather a faint tone, "Here he is, sir." "Where 
have you been, sir?" he replied. "I do not under- 
stand your question," I answered, "where should I 
have been but here in camp." "Do j-ou know that 



Qoijfederate Veteran. 



83 



a Yankee rode through our picket into our quar- 
ters?" "Yes, sir," I said, "I saw him and am after 
him now." "And do you know the enemy is re- 
ported landing - at Acquia Creek?" "Yes, sir, so I 
am told; and we will whip them too." 

The next morning' the Colonel sent for me and 
said: "You were absent from your post last night 
and Officer of the D.iy, too. You trv that again and 
I will have you court-martialed. Your Lieut. Col. 
being with you is all that saves you now." 

I was thankful to escape as well as I did, and 
I am sure the lesson wis beneficial, as I think I 
made a fair soldier after that. 

I do not know whether General Bate knows to 
this day who the Yankee was that rode into camp 
that night, and I have been afraid to ask him lest 
I might be court-martialed yet. You know it is 
said General Jackson, after the battle of New Or- 
leans and the war was over, had several soldiers 
court-martialed and shot. 



VALLIANT JOHN LANDERS. 



A comrade writes from Mathews, Va., February 
8th: I have seen nothing from this section in the 
Veteran. We have Lane-Diggs Camp No. 39, 
Confederate Veterans, and since our organ zation, 
about a year ag<>. some interesting facts have been 
wrested from oblivion. 

The poor widow of a fallen comrade, when called 
upon for fuller information in regard to him, mis- 
took the object of her visitor, she supposing that he 
came to procure for her a pension. She at once said 
that she did not want, and would not receive, a pen- 
sion, and only desired that a stone be placed over 
the grave of her deceased husband to show that he 
hist his life in the service of his country. 

May God bless the good women of Virginia. 
They steeled the hearts of our men for battle and 
carnage, and taught them that the brave alone de- 
serve the fair. Whenever practicable, they miti- 
gated the sufferings and ministered to the spiritual 
comfort of the dying soldier, bedecked his grave 
with (lowers and bedewed it with tears. One lady 
from this county, because of her generosity and hu- 
manity in ministering to the sick and wounded, 
when her private means were depleted, wascominis- 
sioned a Captain in the Confederate Army by Presi- 
dent Davis. As an officer she drew pay which she 
expended in the same works of patriotism. 

There has been preserved and entered upon our 
records a roll of the officers and men belonging to 
one company from this county, numbering seventy- 
four, who were present for duty at Appomattox on 
April 9th, 1865. Remarkable record. 



Geo. P. Waddell, Websterville, Texas: Maj. H. 
M. Dillard, advertised lor by V. S. Naval Officer 
Bache. in the January VETERAN, resides at Merid- 
ian. Texas, and is of the law and real estate firm of 
H. M. & H. S. Dillard. As 1 was one of the pris- 
oners captured at the time and made the sea voyage 
to Fortress Monroe, I saw Maj. Dillard. coat less, hat- 
less, and in tatters, taken on the flagship of the old 
Commodore, and afterwards saw him in new attire 
by. the courtesy of the commanding officer. 



Prof. J. H. Brunner, lliwassee College, Tennessee: 
John Landers was a farmer, my next door neigh- 
bor, as honest as sunshine. When the great war 
between the States came on. he was beyond the age 
of enrollment in the State militia, but his son Wil- 
liam was among the first to volunteer in the Confed- 
erate service, and fought in many battles, up to the 
finish, without ever being captured or receiving a 
wound. 

One night between one and two o'clock I heard a 
"hello," at tny gate. Going out to see what was 
wanted, I founl my friend John Landers. He said 
the "Yankees" were coming into the neighborhood, 
that it would be impossible for him to remain at 
home in peace, and that he was going to join his 
son Will in the army. He had called to say good- 
bye and to ask me to see after his family as far as I 
could in his absence. 

This was the last I ever saw of him. He found 
his son at the front, just before the bloody engage- 
ment at Chickamauga. Supplying himself with 
arms, he rode with his son, to "feel the enemy's 
line." 'l'iie command was given to dismount, leav- 
ing every fourth man to hold horses, while the 
Others were to drive the enemy's picket line from its 
brushy position. It fell to the lot of John Landers 
to hold horses and to his son to go into the skirmish. 
To this the father objected. He said, "Will, you 
have always obeyed me: obey me now: you hold the 
horses, I am going forward with the rest." This 
he did against the remonstrances of his son. He 
was as brave as Caesar. At the first crack of a 
Yankee sharpshooter, a ball pierced John Landers' 
neck, severing an important blood vessel. In a few 
moments he was dead. 

How strange that he should fall at the lirst fire of 
a hostile gun, and that his sou should go unharmed 
through so many battles during four years of active 
service! 

But such mysteries occur in all wars. My grand- 
father served three years in the Revolutionary war 
without a scratch; his son died en route to help Jack- 
son at Xew Orleans. Will Landers seemed to have 
a charmed life, while his father went down at the 
first chance. 



Co-operative efforts are being made to yet rid of 
the Barnes' School History in Virginia. The G. E. 
Pickett, the R. P.. Lee and the John Bowie-Strange 
Camps have taken active measures— 1he latter tak- 
ing the lead. The committee on history of the 
Grand Camp at its meeting in January, officially 

Resolved, That this committee heartily endorse 
the action taken by the John Bowie-Strange Camp, 
and request that similar action be taken by (.very 
camp in Virginia, and also recommend that the 
county and city School Hoards throughout Virginia 
shall select from the following histories to be 
tauifht in the schools, viz.: Hansell's Histories, by 
Professor Chambers; History of the American Peo- 
ple, by J. II. Shinn, and History of the United 
States, by Professor Holmes. These histories are 
on the list fixed by the State Board of Education. 



84 



Confederate Ueterao. 




United States Steamer kearsarge 
The above engraving is from Lieutenant Sinclair's "Two Years on the Alabama. 1 ' 



(APT. JOHN W. DUNNINGTON. 

The brilliant John W. Dunnington, a Kentuckian, 
was appointed from that State a midshipman in the 
United States Navy, April 10, 183"). He became a 
passed midshipman June 21, 1845; master September, 
1852; lieutenant October, 1856. Capt. Dunnington 
resigned April 2<>, 1861, and entered the Confederate 
navy. He commanded the Pointquartrain on the 
Mississippi, and after the capture of Fort Pillow 
went up White River, where he rendered efficient 
service. With two guns on White River, June 17th, 
he proved to the world that Federal gunboats are 
not invincible. He commanded Fort Hindman, or 
Arkansas Post, when it was attacked in January, 
'63. The fort mounted eleven guns and was a bas- 
tidned work, 100 yards external sides, with a deep 
ditch fifteen feet wide and a parapet eighteen feet 
high. The enemy had three ironclads, eight gun- 
boats and one ironclad ram under Admiral Porter. 
Gens. McClernand and Sherman commanded a land 
force to aid in the attack. The next morning after 
the attack, with his guns all silenced, the flagstaff 
shot away, Dunnington awaited the enemy with 
450 muskets, and as they approached, arose from 
concealment at twenty yards distance, fired and drove 
them back. The land forces of the Confederates at 
this point raised the white flag. Some one hoisted 
it on Dunningtonls fort. He ordered it down and 
continued the fight; and, said Admiral Wilkes, 
U. S. N., in his official report: "Even when he 
(Dunnington) was told that their army had sur- 
rendered, he ordered it (the white flag) down from 
his flagstaff and renewed the fight, and declared he 
would not strike his colors." Admiral Porter re- 
ports: "No fort ever received a worse battering, 
and I know of no instance on record where every 



gun in a fight was silenced." Dunnington was with 
the Confederacy at its fall, commanding, February 
18, the Virginia in the reorganized Confederate 
navy. He died in 1882. 

This hero was brother of the eminent Tennessee 
journalist, F. C. Dunnington, whose family save 
Mrs. R. M. Carmack, of Memphis, reside at Colum- 
bia, Tenn. His widow, Mrs. Sue Gray Dunning- 
ton, ever faithful to the cause, resides at Columbia. 



THE HOLD MISSISSIPPI ROLLS ON. 



Continually pleasant reminders of the Chicago 
monument occur in connection with work for the 
Vktekan. The writer had a long telegraphic invi- 
tation to be guest on that occasion. He could not 
accept the hospitality proffered, but called at the 
office of his friend, who happened to be absent. 
On returning from the great banquet at 1 o'clock 
the night of May 29th, he found a group serenading 
his room at the hotel, and here are two verses of 
the song led by Dr. T. F. Linde, who is a proud 
Confederate, to tune of "The Old Oaken Bucket:" 

Grant landed his forces above and below, 
Determined to take them by one fatal blow: 
But charge after charge our heroes repelled, 
While thousands of Yankee's on the battlefield fell. 



Hut the bold Mississippi rolls on to the sea, 
Fit emblem of children resolved to be free. 
(Repeat.) 

Now, alas for the Confederates, the struggle is o'er. 
The flag of the Confederates will float there no more, 
But the stripes of the Yankees will wave there instead, 
While hearts of the Confederates are broken, but not dead. 

(Chorus.) 



Qopfederate l/eterar?. 



85 



THE INDIAN TERRITORY L861 to 1865. 



This sketch is by Thos. F. Anderson, now of Den- 
nis Mills, La., who was A. A. G. to Watie's Division. 

I have concluded to contribute an account of the 
part taken by our Southern Indians in the war be- 
tween the States, but have to depend on memory. 
Strange to say, my recollection of what took place 
under my observation in the war with Mexico in 
1845 and '47, is more vivid than that of our last 
war. But few dates are remembered. 

Being more intimately connected with the Chero- 
kees, what I have to say will principally concern 
them. We must glance back and refer to the causes 
which led to a division in thai tribe into two par- 
ties, between whom the feeling ran as high as that 
between the Democratic Party South, and the Abo- 
lition Party North, previous to and at the outbreak 
of our Civil War. 

At the time of the discovery of America, the 
Cherokees, then a powerful tribe, occupied much of 
Georgia, parts of Tennessee, North and South Car- 
olina and a small strip of Southern Virginia. They 
gradually withdrew from Virginia, moving South, 
and during Gen. Jackson's presidency, resided prin- 
cipally in Georgia. 

As white settlers occupied that State, the usual 
crowding out process began, and laws were passed 
bearing hard and injuriously upon the Cherokees. 
Their principal chief was John Ross, a man of lib- 
eral education, crafty and unreliable. To secure 
pea< e and quiet propositions, from the United States 
had been made to purchase their lands east of the 
Mississippi River and set apart to them a reserva- 
tion west of the State of Arkansas. These propo- 
sitions were bitterly opposed by Mr. Ross and his 
party, numerically the strongest, but composed prin- 
• i pally of uncivilized and ignorant full bloods. 

On the other hand, Major Ridge, founder of the 
party subsequently named after him and composed 
of intelligent half breeds and slave owners, among 
whom was Elias BoudinOt, one of the ablest and 
most cultured of his people, saw that eventually his 
people would have to sell or be driven off, and with 
his followers concluded a Treaty with the United 
States, disposing of all their lands east, and airree- 
iii!, r to take a reservation west of the Mississippi. 
The Treaty was ratified by the United States Sen- 
ate, and the removal of the Cherokees began in 
1828. Previous to this, however, a small body of 
Cherokees, afterwards known as Old Settlers, had 
removed and settled in western Arkansas. 

John Ross, st'll the principal chief, now began 
oppressing the Ridge party, and had their princi- 
pal men, such as the Ridges, Boudinot, Jim Starr, 
the Ad.iirs and others murdered. Stand Watie, 
now the leader of the Ridge party, had attempts 
made upon him, but they all failed. The last at- 
tempt was made by a noted bully named Foreman, 
who was himself laid out by Watie. 

In 1860 there were unusual local disturbances. A 
secret organization, known as the Ketowah Society, 
had lonir existed among the followers of John Ross. 
The object of this organization was destruction to 
half breeds and white men living in the nation. 
The badge of membership in this association was 



two pins crossing one another and fastened to the 
lapel of the coat, vest or hunting shirt. Hence 
they received the name and were known as Pins. 
We captured all their papers during the war. I 
have them and the Kansas Jay hawkers to thank for 
the burning of my house and the destruction of all 
else that 1 possessed. 

In May, 1861, Gen. Albert Pike came as Commis- 
sioner from the Confederate States Government au- 
thorized to make treaties with the Southern In- 
dians. At first Chief K<>ss refused and insisted on 
his nation remaining neutral, and would not allow 
enlistment of Cherokee troops into the Confederate 
service. Stand Watie had. however, in a quiet way 
enlisted a regiment in readiness to join the Con- 
federates. John Ros-- was evidently holding oil for 
further development. This was before the battle 
of Springfield, on Wilson's Creek, as the Yankees 
called it. Success crowning our arms there, Ross 
hastened to treat with Gen. Pike and agreed to put 
in the Confederate service a regiment to be armed 
and equipped by the Confederacy, and he did so. 
In making that treaty he would allow none of the 
leaders of the Ridge partv to take part in it. 

Previous to this Gen. Hen MeCulloch authorized 
Capt. John Miller and myself to raise an independ- 
ent company to serve for three months. We were 
known as the Dixie Rangers and we were to occupy 
the neutral land in part of the Territory and South- 
ern Kansas. In that company served the after- 
wards noted William Ouantrell, about whom I will, 
at some future time, take occasion to say some- 
thing, to correct stories abou this death, etc. I will 
only say here that, when you knew Ouantrell, you 
knew a kind-hearted man, an intrepid soldier and 
a gentleman of whose friendship I was, and am, 
proud. 

The Third Louisiana Regiment came up to us. 
Many of us saw that Regiment under tire at Spring- 
field and Pea Ridge, where it made its mark as well 
as at other points, wherever it served, in fact. 
When that Regiment left us after the Pea Ridge 
fight, our Indians were distressed, and to the end 
of the war they never ceased to regretthe separa- 
tion from them of the Third Louisiana. 

At the expiration of their three months' term of 
service the Dixie Rangers were disbanded, and 
nearly all, myself included, joined Company K, 
First Cherokee Regiment. Capt. Thompson Mayes, 
a brother of the late principal Chief Joel B. Mayes. 
Capt. Mayes was a man of superior education and a 
fine officer. This was Colonel Watie's pet company. 
There was but the one company in the First Chero- 
kee Regiment, composed of and officered by Indians. 
In the other companies, whites and Indians were 
mixed as well among the officers as in the ranks, 
and it worked well and smoothly. In the Choctaw 
regiments some companies were either all whites 
or all Indians, which caused more or less friction 
and jarring. But the plan had been adopted by 
Col. D. N. Cooper and could not well be changed. 

Many of Col. Watie's Regiment took part in the 
battle of Springfield, but went there with his per- 
mission as individuals and not as an organized 
body. 

A number of Missourians came to us and took 



86 



Qogfederate l/eterag. 



part in the fight. Some came unarmed and others 
armed with their shotguns and rifles. Among 
them was an old, lean and lank Baptist preacher 
with a Flintlock rifle about seven feet long. He 
would kneel on one knee, take deliberate aim, and 
say: "May the Lord have mercy on that poor crit- 
ter's soul," and pull the trigger. Then he would get 
up, reload, get down on one knee again and repeat 
his prayer, fire. I stood and looked at him fire five or 
six times, and I believe he made every bullet count. 

Very little was done between that fight and the 
battle of Pea Ridge, except a fight that took place 
in December, 1861, between our Cherokees and the 
forces of Opothleoholo, the leader of the so-called 
Loyal Creeks, Seminoles, Wichitas, Kickapoos and 
Delawares. The weather was extremely cold. We 
found Opothleoholo occupying a strong position in 
the mountains near Chustenola. We commenced 
driving them from the start, captured their bag- 
gage and papers, and followed them for three days 
up into Kansas to the big bend of Arkansas River. 
The Pin Regiment came up the second day, but 
took no part in the fight. Many of the enemy were 
killed. Here and there we would strike bunches of 
their squaws huddled together. These we sent 
back to our camp and fed. In their flight they had 
thrown away their infants, which were frozen stiff. 
Altogether it was a sickening sight. 

After this, nothing worth noting- took place until 
we were ordered to Pea Ridge, where the Cherokees 
distinguished themselves capturing a battery. 
Here one of the Yankee artillerymen was lying 
stretched out, face down, between two of the pieces 
apparently dead. One of our full blood Cherokees 
took out his knife, got his fingers in the Yankees 
hair and cut out and jerked off a scalp nbout the 
size of a dollar. Thus resurrected, Mr. Yank got 
him on his legs in a hurry, and ''he ran like a 
quarter horse," not a gun was fired after him, but a 
yell went up: "Go it, Yank, we have a lock of your 
hair." Thisscalping business, however, brought 
on more or less correspondence between opposing 
commander}-, and our Indians were strictly ordered 
to keep their fingers out of white men's hair, leav- 
ing it optional with them to take such mementoes 
from other Indians or let it alone. 

At this time we were in the Department of Ar- 
kansas, first under Gen. Holmes and next under Gen. 
Hindman. We were then put into a. department of 
our own, called the Indian Department, and under 
Gen. Steele. Colonels Cooper and Watie were 
made Brigadier-Generals. Gen. Watie had the 
command of the First Indian Brigade, consisting of 
the First and Second Cherokee Regiments, com- 
manded respectively by Colonels J. M. Bell and 
W. P. Adair, Scales' Battalion, Major J. A. Scales 
and Quantrell's Battalion, the latter the most of the 
time on detached service in Missouri and Kansas. 

The Second Indian Brigade, Gen. Cooper, was 
composed of two Choctaw regiments and the Chick- 
asaw Battalion. 

The Third Brigade consisted of First Creek Reg- 
iment, Col. D. N. Mcintosh, and the Second Creek, 
Col. Chilly Mcintosh, and the Seminole Regiment. 
Col. John Juniper, and commanded by Brig. -Gen. 
Sam Checoti. 



In the summer of 1S62, I was sent out West to en- 
list for the Confederacy, and succeeded in raising 
one battalion of Osages, Major Broke Arm, one 
large company of Caddoes and Arnipahoes, Capt. 
George Washington, and one company ol'Comanches, 
Capt. Esopah or Esc Habbe, their Chief. All of 
these reported to Gen. Watie and were of good serv- 
ice to us, as they rambled between Kansas and the 
Texas Panhandle and prevented any invasion from 
Kansas, which otherwise would undoubtedly have 
taken place- After the Pea Ridge fight. Gen. 
Price's Missourians and the Third Louisiana Regi- 
ment were ordered east of the Mississippi River, and 
we were left to ourselves, all Indians, except Wills' 
Battalion and a Texas infantry regiment, which 
were stationed at our depot of supplies and saw no 
fighting. 

In the summer of 1862, Chief Ross and the Pin 
Regiment deserted to the Yankees. From that on 
we saw no rest, and hardly a week passed but what 
bushwhacking engagements between us and the 
Northern Indians and Yankees took place. Early 
in the spring of 1863 the military authorities in 
Kansas conceived the idea of returning the Northern 
refugee Cherokees to their homes in time to plant a 
crop. They had furnished them with horses, seeds 
and necessary agricultural implements, and they 
came escorted by Gen. Blount, commanding Kansas 
troops, and Col. Phillips, commanding the old Pin 
Regiment. But Gen. Watie did not propose to let 
them alone. We routed them from settlement to 
settlement and they, together with Col. Phillips' 
Regiment, had to shut themselves up in Fort Gibson. 
We were quite beholden to the Yankees for the sup- 
plies thus furnished by them, which mostly fell 
into our hands. 

Gen. S. B. Maxey now took command of the De- 
partment. He was the Indians' idol. His free and 
easy manner suited them exactly; besides, he was a 
fighter and kept us moving. When Red River 
Banks started on his expedition, which terminated 
at Mansfield, Federal Gen. Steele was to move out 
from Little Rock, and Gen Thayer from Fort Smith, 
to join Banks in Texas. The greater part of our 
Indians were waiting for Thayer to come out from 
Fort Smith, but he concluded best not to show him- 
self and he acted wisely, for our boys were spoiling 
for a fight. Part of the Indians commanded by 
Gen. Maxey met Steele at Poison Springs, captured 
his train, and sent two Negro regiments to the 
happy hunting grounds. We followed Steele on 
his retreat to Saline River, where we fought in mud 
and water, belly deep to our horses, and felt very 
much relieved when Parsons' Brigade of Missou- 
rians, who had force-marched it from Mansfield, 
came up in double quick, and one of them called 
out: "Stand aside, you critter companies, and let us 
at them." Well, we critter companies stood aside, 
and Parsons' men went at them sure enough. 

I must pass over numerous small engagements we 
had with the Northern Indians. They gave us the 
most trouble. Had we not had them to fight, we 
would have had a comparatively easy time of it. 
But the}' knew the country as well as we did and 
took advantage of that knowledge. Their losses, 
however exceeded ours. 



Confederate l/eterao. 



87 



Among- our captures from the enemy, I will men- 
tion one steamboat loaded with dry -goods, near 
Webber's Falls, for Fort Gibson, and a train of 
about 200 wagons loaded principally with ready- 
made clothing, on Cabin Creek, Cherokee Na- 
tion. 

The last winter of the war, Gen. Maxey was or- 
dered to Texas, Gen. Cooper took command of the 
Indian Department, and Gen. Watie <>f the Indian 
Division. This was the first time that we saw some 
rest for a little over a month, when we had gone 
into winter quarters near Red River in Choctaw 
Nation. 

About a year previous to this, messengers had 
been sent to the Western ami Northwestern Indians 
to meet us in Council at Walnut Springs. The ob- 
ject of this council was, first, to make peace between 
the different tribes. The next programme was for 
these tribes, thus united, to invade Kansas from the 
north and west, whilst we would meet them from 
the south, and leave but a greasy spot of Kansas. 
We had, during that winter, prepared a number ol 
packsaddles, as we would not be incumbered with a 
train. Unfortunately, den. Lee's surrender took 
place but a short time before the meeting of this 
Council. Hence, we thought best to confine the pro- 
ceedings to peace-making between the Indians, and 
I have heard of no war between them from then un- 
til now. Tribes from Idaho, Dakota and Montana 
were present. It was, perhaps, the largest Indian 
Council that ever met. 

The disbanding of the Indian troops took place in 
April, 1865. The Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks 
and Seminoles returned to their respective bonus, 
which had not been desolated. With the Southern 
Cherokees it was different. Their houses bad been 
burned, their stock stolen and driven into Kansas. 
Many of them who, at the outbreak of the war, 
counted their stock of horses and cattle bvthe thou- 
sands, could barely raise a pony to go home on. 
Their country was now in possession of the Federals 
and Pins, and they were therefore compelled to re- 
main as refuges in the Choctaw Nation and keep 
up a quasi military organization until after the 
meeting of the United States Commissioners and 
Southern Tribes of Indians at Fort Smith, in June, 
1865, when peace was declared. 

I have thus endeavored to give a mere outline of 
the campaign in the Indian Territory. But I can- 
not conclude this hasty and incomplete sketch with- 
out words of praise to our Indian allies, especially 
the Cherokees, under their able leader, Stand Watie, 
and our Seminoles, under that good man and strict 
disciplinarian, Col. John Juniper. 



HE "WENT FOR" HIS COLONEL'S CHICKEN. 



Col. Bennett H. Young, Louisville, Ky., sends 
renewal with the following encouraging words: 
You arc doing a great work for the South in the 
VETERAN. The memorials of the valor of the Con- 
federate soldier are the most priceless treasures of 
the South, and he who garners them in is a bene- 
factor. The courage, heroism and sacrifices of her 
people are something money cannot buy, which the 
ages will ever repeat, and the history of which 
will bring imperishable fame wherever told. 



It was a bright clear day and we had halted to 
rest, and to eat our slim rations. I overheard Col. 

S say to a woman in the doorway of a small 

house: "A chicken will be brought to you iu a tew 
moments: cook it at once with dumplings. How 
soon can I get it?" Her reply escaped me. Tired 
and Famished as I was. I almost tasted that odorous 
chicken and those steaming dumplings, as my 
weakness was chicken stew and dumplings. In- 
stantly I resolved to have that stew. Impatiently I 
saw a chicken delivered. In a short time I drew 
water from the well with its old sweep, I took a 
drink from the handy gourd and had hung- it up, 
when I heard the s^-irl say to the mother. "That 
chicken is tender now; the man might come." With 
me it was now or never. I walked into the ho 
••Please let me have that chicken as soon as it 
cooks." "Did the man send you?" she asked, "Yes." 
I replied boldly. She took it up steaming hot and 1 
held my haversack open. She folded the fowl in a 
paper. "Now, how can you take the dumplings?" 
the girl asked. I dared not wait, having not a mo- 
ment to lose, so I instantly disappeared in the 
crowd. A moment later the Colonel appeared, and 
a blue flame followed his adjectives. 

I divided that chicken with my chum and I never 
dared to tell the Colonel, until many years after the 
war, that I was the thief. 

He enjoyed the joke then, but says he believes In 
would have killed me at the time. 



An interesting correspondence appears in the 
Albany. New York. Journal concerning a sword sur- 
rendered to the late Captain McDow, of Texas, by 
Captain P. II. White, of Albany. 

(.'apt. McDow's daughter, Mrs. J. M. Bronson, 
offered him the sword in a beautiful patriotic letter, 
and anticipating it, Capt. White wrote her that he 
would be " the happiest man in existence." 

A sentimental feature of the surrender is reported 
that Captain White on being "hemmed iu by the 
Confederates" agreed to surrender to an officer but 
declared he would die before he would surrender to 
a private; and these conditions are placed to his 
credit as "a man of unusual courage." The gallant 
Captain White ma\ congratulate himself that pecul- 
iar conditions surrounded him for such was not the 
rule. A Confederate private was not only the equal 
of his Captain, but his Colonel and his General, and 
many a one would not have waited to accommodate 
his preference to surrender to an officer. 

Mrs. Branson's patriotism is appreciated. In a 
recent letter she states: "I feel like taking the field 
and putting the VETERAN in every Southern home. 
You may send the VETERAN as long as my husband 
and children are alive." 



J. J. Jones, Plaintield, Mo., asks for the address 
of "one Dr. Boyd, who was surgeon for the Forty- 
eighth Tennessee. I do not remember his given 
name. lie cut live and a half ounces of lead out of 
my shoulder at Kingston, Ky. I was wounded at 
Richmond, Ky.. while in Col. Nixon's command. 
Was in Forty-first Tennessee until the fall of Donel- 
son, after which I went into Col. Hill's Regiment." 



88 



Confederate l/eterap. 



MEMPHIS WANTS THE ABBEY. 

In a recent address the Committee on a Southern 
Battle Abbey for Memphis, says: * 

Geographically considered, your committee feels 
warranted in saying- that Memphis offers the most 
favorable and central location of any city in the 
South. The territory within which the Abbey will 
beerected is south of the northern boundary of 
Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri. Be- 
sides our more favorable geographical position, we 
have a concentration of railroads from all directions 
and the great Mississippi River to facilitate trans- 
portation to and from the city — ten railroads and an 
"inland sea." 

We earnestly appeal to every ex-Confederate sol- 
dier residing within 200 miles of Memphis to- send 
at least SI. (in to the chairman of our finance com- 
mittee, Capt. W. W. Carnes. Every Confederate 
should feel that he has a positive and personal in- 
terest in the great building, and when he visits it, 
he will have the proud satisfaction of knowing that 
he personally contributed to its erection. 

We are going to have an imposing equestrian 
statue of Gen. N. B. Forrest to decorate and ani- 
mate Court Square. No doubt about that. Let us 
also have the splendid edifice in question to orna- 
ment the bluff, just south of the Cossitt Library and 
to overlook the might}' Mississippi from the same 
spot from which the dauntless De Soto first beheld 
it in its turbid grandeur, 355 year;; ago. To this 
end, then, let everybody in Memphis and the sur- 
rounding country contribute something to this mag- 
nificent enterprise. Let us see who is proud of 
Memphis, who is patriotic, who is aesthetic, who is 
sagacious enough to promote the public and his in- 
dividual interest by the generous espousal of an en- 
terprise that will confer alike a great commercial 
advantage and a patriotic distinction upon his own 
home and city — a city whose future proportions (it 
has been predicted) will transcend those of her famous 
namesake upon the fertile banks of the ancient Nile. 

Messrs. G. V. Rambaut, James Dinkins, and Geo. 
W. Gordon, are the Committee. At a public gath- 
ering of Confederates and others, Capt. Dinkins said: 

"In the spring of 1861, (thirty-five years ago 
there lived in the South a people whose character 
for chivalry had never been questioned. These 
people passed through the fiery furnace, but came 
forth after four years of bloody' war enshrined in 
'glory,' and 'they will live in song and story' for- 
ever. We want their virtues perpetuated. We want 
the story of the war told truthfully. 

"There was a sentiment at that time which pre- 
vailed with great unanimity among our people. It 
called for resistance to what we believed was an in- 
justice to our section and an encroachment on our 
rights. The j-outh and flower of the South volun- 
teered to fight this wrong, and they were encour- 
aged and inspired by the cheers and enthusiasm of 
the Southern queens. Those charming girls and 
iheir mammas made flags and presented them with 
admonitions — 'they must never go down in dishonor.' 

"After four years of war which shocked this 
country and paralyzed the interest of Europe, they 
were forced to lay down their guns, and furl their 



silken flags; but, thank God, not in dishonor. Think 
of it! During four years of carnage they stood 
with less than 600,000 men, including every depart- 
ment, teamsters, hospital forces, etc., with a teni- 
tory about one-third of the whole country to pro- 
tect, every port closed against us, with a hostile 
fleet of 500 vessels and 35,000 sailors in possession 
of our coast, our rivers and bays packed with men- 
of-war, cut off entirely from all the world, contend- 
ing in the field against an army 2,865,00<) strong, 
equipped with the finest weapons, and supplied 
with every comfort a soldier could ask, and with 
the world to draw on for as much more. Do you 
realize this? Will future generations believe the 
story? Will they S3 r mpathize with us? Will our 
descendants understand and enjoy the heritage to 
which the sacrifices and heroism entitle them? 

"Monuments have been, and will continue to be, 
erected to our leaders, and this is right. They de- 
serve them. But the reputation which the South 
made for genius and daring belongs to the private 
soldiers, and we owe it to them, to the dead and the 
living, that their glorious deeds shall be perpetuat- 
ed in imperishable memorials. 

"We owe it to ourselves, and it is a duty to our 
children that this be done. 

"When the generations of the future shall read of 
the sufferings and the bravery of our people, when 
they read of how we resisted those mighty hosts of 
men and resources for four years, with so few men, 
without food very often, and with no arms except 
those captured from the enemy, with no chances to 
recruit, they will be astonished. They will read 
the story over and over. We do not want to detract 
from the other side — There were some grand Fed- 
eral soldiers, but we want the truth told. We want 
our desendants to give us credit for what we did. 

"Those of us who were participants, whether in 
the field, or caring for the sick and wounded; 
whether weaving cloth and making clothes for the 
soldiers, or cheering them by our smiles, should go 
to work with all our might to build this great 'Ab- 
bey.' We owe it to the memory of those heroes who 
died in prison from cold and disease rather than 
surrender a principle. 

"We owe it to the men who stood in the ditches 
with scarcely enough to eat to prevent starvation 
and fought four 3 7 ears an army so powerful in num- 
ber and resources. And, above all, we owe it to 
the incomparable women of those days, who with- 
stood the hardships and sufferings of the war with 
a fortitude unknown before, who had never felt the 
want of any comfort, but with that spirit of devo- 
tion and bravery which characterized them, and 
which was unknown even to the 'Spartan Mothers.' 
I say we should husband these truths. 

"And we must build the 'Battle Abbey.' We 
look to our women for everything good. I do not 
believe there was ever in the world a man who rose 
to distinction or above his fellows to whose mother 
was not due the praise. No man ever acquired 
goodness or greatness unless he had a good, sensi- 
ble mother — and were I able I would build the tower 
of the 'Battle Abbey' as high as the clouds, and write 
on the dome in golden letters, 'To the memory of 
Southern Women and the Confederate Soldier.' " 



^or?j"ederate ueterai?. 



89 



OUR DEAD AT LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY. 



Rev. Jno. R. Deering wrote the Nashville Chris- 
tian Advocate sometime since, from his Kentucky 
home, about the Confederate graves in the cemetery 
at Lexington. Some of his notes are: 

On the hill, not far from the towering shaft that 
supports the noble image of "the great Commoner." 
Clay, which, from its elevation of 132 feet, seems to 
be looking upon the old "Ashland" home, away 
across the city there, a little to the statue's rieht 




..IV JOHN II MORGAN. 

| Born in Huntsville, Ala.. January 1. 1825. but wont t.' Kentucky 
in his early life. Raised a company ami joined the Confederate 
Army In 1861. He rose to the grade of Major-General, having an 
eventful career. The story of hisescape from theOhio peniten 
tiary is thrilling-, lien. Morgan was killed at G reenville, Tenn. , 
September 4. 1864. ] 



and somewhat back of that, a modest marble slab 
marks the sleeping dust of Kentucky's cavalier 
the immortal Morgan. It bears no word or sign 
upon it of those stormy scenes in which he moved 
like lightning flash, and amid which his heroic 
spirit sank down to rest. These dates alone are 
upon it: 

July 1, 1825. September 4. 1864. 

When placed there that may have been enough. 
Their loneliness was eloquent. It is suggestive 
still — but not of his deeds, nor the honor in which 
his country holds him. The time is coming when 



this simple stone must give place to a memorial 
worthy the man, his native State and the reckless 
riders who obeyed his bugle horn. In all our civil 
war no soldier was more admired and loved by his 
command: none better illustrated the strategic gen- 
ius, the military daring, the genial disposition, the 
patriotic pride, the soldierly sacrifice and endurance 
of the Kentucky Confederate cavalry. Gen. Duke. 
who served under him, and was in his deepest coun- 
cils, is surely a competent critic, and he declares 
him "the greatest partisan leader the world ever 
saw, unless it were the Irishman, Sarsfield." His- 
tory may not accept this opinion, but I think will 
include him in the first three Southern cavalry 
commanders, whose names will live through com- 
ing ages, .md perhaps, in this order: Forrest, 
Morgan. Stuart. Holding this opinion, remem- 
bering the ignominious treatment endured in a 
felon's garb and cell, though as a prisoner of war, 
recalling the brutality inflicted upon the dying 
and helpless chieftain, mindful of the two inter- 
ments and removals of his poor maltreated body ere 
it reached its final rest in his own bluegrass bed, 
I cannot doubt that some day his kindred, his 
command, his countrymen, will build him a fit- 
ting memorial. Let it be a bronze horseman, 
large .is life, armed and mounted, hale, wary, 
warlike as near as can be, the image of Morgan 
and his mare! 

Hut I intended to tell what is. rather than what 
shall be. * * * 

In the center of the "Confederate lot," which 
is a well-chosen spot. . . n rolling ground and of 
triangular shape, stands the costliest monument 
in honor of the boys in gray. It is a crosstree of 
sturdy sort and rough hewn surface in imitation 
of natural growth, having no Other design than a 
broken flagstaff and the drooping banner of the 
Southland leaning against it. 

The cross is about ten feet high, so that base 
and cross are seventeen feet. On the front of the 
upper row of stones hangs an unrolled scroll, 
yet uninscribed also. Whether it is to remind of 
a broken Constitution, or to hold the record of 
heroic dead. 1 know not. but its blank face im- 
pressesone. The broken sword meanshard blows, 
both given and taken, whilst the ivy and fern, 
the lily and oak, adorning the sides and rear, 
proclaim a people's appreciation and affection. 
Two words tell their tale of woe, but the\ are 
Messed words, high and lifted Up; "Our Dead." 
Those who recall the phrases, "The Nation's 

Dead, ITie Nation's Wards," will feci the 

deeper, dearer significance of "Our Dead." 
It cost about 81, Suit, and was given largely by 
.las. 11. Grinstead, of Lexington. This memorial is 
about twenty years old. It was dedicated before 
a vast audience by Cell. William C. Preston. 

The other monument on this lot is one recently 
erected at the point of two diverging roads. It rep- 
resents the Confederate soldier in full uniform, and 
standing "at rest." The dress is of better style 
and fit than the real soldier ever wore or saw in his 
proudest day. and included a wide-brimmed hat 
and "store" overcoat. The statue is life size and 
of white marble. It is a young man with "head 



90 



Confederate l/eterao. 



up," "eyes front" — i.e., toward the "Government" 
lot, where 846 Federals sleep their last sleep. The 
pedestal holds the names of 133 men, representing' 
ten of the States. These include "citizen prison- 
ers," as well as "soldiers." 

The Woman's Honorary Confederate Association 
has in charge these lots, and expends each year in 
their care and decoration the sum of S50. The 
"Veterans" themselves see that every comrade dy- 
ing, however poor, has decent interment, as well as 
medical skill and all needed attention. 

The thirtieth Memorial Day closed upon a charm- 
ing scene. The monuments were garlanded. The 
graves were marked by white crosses, the crosses 
bearing crimson and white streamers, with legends 
poetic and patriotic — the grass, clean and velvety, 
being covered with many-hued flowers. As the 
sun's slanting rays lay lovingly upon these tokens 
of woman's sympathy and sorrow, I felt in my heart 
that I had rather rest here, if it please God, than 
anywhere else in creation. 



CHARMING NELLIE— Continued. 



LOUISIANIANS AT APPOMATTOX. 

Comrade Doctor J. C. Loftin sends an old dingy 
print to the Veteran, copy of which will be read 
with interest and pride by survivors and the fami- 
lies of those who are not of the survivors: 

The Louisiana brigade, including the 9th Regi- 
ment, made the last charge at Appamattox, and 
drove the enemy before them until called back, 
when Gen'l Gordon paid them a high compliment 
for the gallantry displayed under such adverse cir- 
cumstances. After that last heroic effort to stem 
the tide of Grant's swarming legions, the curtain 
falls over the small but heroic band, as the follow- 
ing address to the Louisiana troops will show: 

It is dated at "Head-Ouarters Evans' Division, 
Appomattox Court House, April 11th, A. D. 1865," 
and addressed to Col. Eugene Waggoman, Command- 
ing Hays' and Stafford's Brigades: 

The sad hour has arrived when we who served in 
the Confederate Army so long together must part, 
at least for a time. But the saddest circumstances 
connected with the separation are that it occurs un- 
der heavy disaster to our beloved cause. But to 
you, Colonel, and to our brother officers and brother 
soldiers of Hays' and Stafford's Brigades, I claim to 
say that you can carry with you the proud conscience 
that in the estimation of your commander* you 
have done your duty. Tell Louisiana, when you 
each her shores, that her sons in the Army of 
Northern Virginia have made her illustrious upon 
every battle ground, from first Manassas to the 
last desperate blow struck by your command on the 
hill of Appomattox, and tell her, too, that as in the 
first, so in the last, the enemy before the valor of 
your charging lines. To the sad decree of an all- 
wise providence, let us bow in humble resignation, 
awaiting His will for the pillar of cloud to be 
lifted. For you, and for your gallant officers and 
devoted men, I shall always cherish the most pleas- 
ing memories, and when I say farewell, it is with a 
full heart, which beats an earnest prayer to Almighty 
God for your future happiness. C. A. Evans. 

Brig. Gen. Com. Division. 



The following is a continuation of the letter to 
Charming Nellie published in the last number of 
the Veteran, dated May 19, 1862: 

What an unconsciously long letter I am writing, 
or, rather, have already written! Luckil}-, I am at 
no expense for postage, having, in common with 
members of Congress, the franking privilege. You 
may find the reading a sore tax on your patience, 
but I must bring my story up to date nevertheless. 
There is no telling how long we will remain here, 
or when I will again be as comfortably fixed for 
writing. I have driven four stakes into the ground 
in position to hold a board covered by a blanket at 
the proper height, to allow me to sit on the ground 
and write. Another reason for not closing and 
marking at the bottom "to be continued," is that I 
may not live to do the continuing. Ever since re- 
ceiving your last letter, the child's prayer, para- 
phrased to read, "If I should die before I write," has 
been ringing in my head. I am not silly enough, I 
assure you, to fancy it a premonition. On the con- 
trary, I feel certain of escaping death. But I know 
death is a possibility, and so, holding a letter re- 
ceived an obligation to be honorablj* met only by 
full and complete answer, I must trespass on your 
endurance a while longer. 

We rested in the laurel thicket several days, dur- 
ing which the recruiting officers, who left us at 
Dumfries, rejoined the brigade, bringing batches of 
raw recruits and many letters from home folks. 
When the order came to march it was raining heav- 
ily and continued to rain until midnight. Troops 
were passing by for six or eight hours before we 
moved, and we were beginning to fear that Gen. 
Johnston proposed to make us a rear guard again. 
It was a great relief, therefore, to be marched a half 
mile further from the enemy and left standing in 
mud and water two full hours. Then we began a 
system of alternate marching and standing still un- 
til past midnight. By this time order and disci- 
pline were at an end. No one could tell who was 
next to him, the different commands having become 
inextricably intermixed in the darkness, rain and 
mud. Officers on horseback rode back and forth 
along the road, begging, praying and ordering the 
men to go forward as fast as possible and get across 
the Chickahominy Bridge. "If that's all you want 
me to do," thought I, "it shall be done," and, ac- 
cordingly, I resolved myself into an independent 
command and set out for the bridge. 

Near the bridge, and stretching from one side to 
the other of the road, was a terrible mudhole. 
Some provident fellow had hung a lantern near it, 
that disclosed not only its length and breadth, but 
a narrow way around it, and that way was being 
ing followed by the soldiers. Gen. Whiting and I 
reached the loblolly about the same time, but I was 
much the wiser man of the two. I followed the 
current, he endeavored to change it. "Go right 
through that place, men," he commanded. "It 
isn't deep." One of the soldiers, marching in single 
file around, said in the sarcastic tone so easily 
adopted in darkness and confusion: "You go 



Qopfederate Veterat). 



91 



through it yourself, Mr. Man, if you think it ain't 
deep." "Do you know, sir, that you are talking- to 
Gen. Whiting?" angrily demanded the officer. 
"Maybe so," responded the unknown, now almost 
around the mudhole, and. at any rate, too far away 
to be identified, "but d — d if I believe a word of it. 
You are more likely a courier, taking advantage of 
the darkness to order your betters around. If you 
are a General, you are a d — d small one." 

"Arrest that man!" shouted Whiting, furiously, 
so beside himself with rage that he spurred his 
horse into the hole and was splashed from head 
to foot with its contents. "Oh, dry up. you d d 
old fool," came hack* through the darkness, and in 
a moment more Whiting was laughing heartily at 
the ridiculous position into which he had put him- 
self. 

While this colloquy was taking place, 1 was 
tramping around the mudhole. and a lew minutes 
later arrived at the bridge, "(let across at once, 
men, and get out of the road," was the constantly 
reiterated order of the field officer who stood there. 
Obeying it, I went over and going a half mile 
further dropped down cm the first moderately dry 
spot to be guessed at. When I awoke the sun was shin- 
ing upon thousands of men who. like myself, had 
sunk down exhausted. Within three feet of me 
lay Brahan, fast asleep. Neither of us could tell 
who got there first, nor where anybody else was. 
But the men around us soon began to move, order 
to resolve itself out ol 'confusion, and by 10 o'clock 
A. M. the Fourth Texas was once more a regiment 
under control of its officers. 

That was day before yesterday; on the same daj 
we made this camp. Yesterday I received your let- 
ter and one from my mother, and having already 
answered hers, have only the conscience to add to this 
a postscript. 

A great deal is being said in the papers about 
England and France recognizing the Confederacy. 
I do not think I am less brave and patriotic than 
other men, but I frankly acknowledge that if such 
recognition will bring peace and give me the privi- 
lege of going home, the announcement of the fact 
will he the sweetest music on earth to me. A little 
while back I was foolish enough to nurse a few 
dreams of military glory and distinction, but hard 
rubs against the realities of soldiering have reduced 
every dream into the thinnest and most unsubstan- 
tial nothingness. If permitted, I shall henceforth 
and forever more be content with such victories as 
are to be won in time of peace. 



Confederate Heroine at Williamsburg, V v 
C. C. Cummings, of Fort Worth, Tex., notes the 
article of his old friend of "befo' de wall" — J. B. 
Policy, of Floresville, Tex., about the retreat from 
Yorktown in May '62, and is reminded of the fol- 
lowing as occurring at the historic old town of Wil- 
liamsburg on this retreat: 

As the Regiment of the writer 17th Mississippi 
w.is slowly defiling through the streets, away from 
the boom of cannon and the rattle of small arms at 
the other end of town, 

"A maiden fair, with golden hair," 



rushed out from a splendid mansion and began to 
scold the soldier boys for going the wrong way. 
She cried, "Don't you hear the guns and the shout- 
ings of the Captains, and don't you see they are 
pressing our boys hard in the battle? Turn back, 
men! turn back! and defend this old town, the cradle 
of American freedom!" and other fine things too 
numerous to mention. The boys trudged on, how- 
ever, seemingly unmoved by the eloquence and ardor 
of this fair Amazon. Presently she sailed in again 
with "Turn back, men! turn back '.and fight the Yan- 
kees as our forefathers fought the "red coats" along 
lure! If your Captain won't lead you, 1 will be 
your Captain!" 

Just at this juncture the command ran down along 
the lines: "About lace and double quick!" Then 
arose the Rebel yell at the prospect of another tussle 
with the "blue boys." The fair heroine, all ablaze 
with excitement, rushed out of the gate to the head 
of the charging column, fully convinced that it was 
he,- patriotic appeal that had turned the tide back- 
ward in defense of her home. But all the ardor 
and enthusiasm was taken out of this Joan of Arc 
when one of the boys exclaimed "Oh no. sis, don't 
go— you might tear your dress!'' 

We left her standing mute and motionless, while 
the boys raised a yell in honor of "the girl we left 
behind us." She must have gray in her hair now. 
if she is still on this side of the River. Who she 
was 1 never knew but here's to that dear woman in 
the "olden time and golden!" 

In a personal note Comrade C. refers to J. B. Pol- 
lev, and adds: Policy, ex-Gov. Sul. Ross. Fdrington, 
< >. S. Ki nnedy, of this place, and I were all at Flor- 
ence, Ala., together at school before the war. This 

joke is true to the letter and witnessed by myself, 
While we did not gel into the fight, we wereordered 

back in the way I state, and the i^irl really thought 
she did it. 



Captain Mays Wants His Horns. Capt. Samuel 
Mays, ot Nashville, is anxious to recover a pair of 
very handsome Texas horns, left "for safe keeping" 
near Tullahoma, in January. 1863. 

The horns were engraved very handsomely with 
a deer followed by hounds on one, and a fox darting 
under a log with four or five dogs after him on the 
other. Capt. Mays name, Company G, Fifteenth 
Tennessee Regiment, was also engraved on one of 
the horns, and thatof his brother, J. F. Mays, on the 
other, with the postoffice, "Tank, Davidson Coun- 
ty, Tenn.," on each. 

Capt. Mays would be much gratified in the pro- 
curement of these horns or of either of them. 



Camp Tom Moore, No. 556, Confederate Veterans, 
Apalachicola, Fla., at their regular monthly meet- 
ing, held their first annual election, resulting as 
follows: Commander. Robt. Knickmeyer: First 
Lieutenant, R. C. Mahon; Second Lieutenat, Pat- 
rick Lovett; Third Lieutenant. F. G. Wilhelm; 
Adjutant, A. J. Murat, Quartermaster, W. H. 
Neel; Sergeant Major. R. i;. Baker. The officers 
and committee for 1-896 remain the same as before. 
This Camp has thirty members, all of whom appre- 
. iate the value of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN. 



92 



Qopfederate l/etera^. 



HONOR SAMUEL DAVIS' MEMORY. 

The list oi' contributors to the Samuel 
Davis Monument Fund, it will lie seen 
is growing beautifully. There is not 
much space given to the theme in this 
number, but zeal is unabating. 

Mr. Cunningham intends to muke a 
personal canvass as soon as practicable 
and he requests fellow solicitors from 
everywhere. There is no commission 
and no pecuniary compensation of any 
kind. Not a cent, of the contributions 
has been used in any way. But there 
is great reward — a reward above money . 

This monument will honor the firm- 
ness of A private Confederate sol- 
dier in as great a trial as ever a human 
being was subjected to, and who re- 
membering the counsels of worthy 
parents, and the instincts of his God 
given manhood — in the ordeal that was 
to dash him to death, in that dark and 
withering moment when nothing was 
left save honor, and when tempted with 
liberty and a return to his friends if he 
would do a dishonorable act, grieved, 
and in his anguish he wrote to his 
mother words of counsel to the other 
children "to be good," but never hesi- 
tating he stood firm unto his death. 

Confederate comrades, you will never 
have the opportunity to honor the 
equal of Samuel Davis. Let us give 
testimony to our approval of his act. 

Remember the tribute of his enemies. 
They honored him worthy. 

The sum is now about $811.00. It 
must be thousands. If you will help, 
subscription lists will be sent and notes 
payable in July next. What say you 
brother— sister? Let us rally together. 
FOR SAMUEL DAVIS' MONUMENT. 



Allen, Jos. W., Nashville $100 00 

Amis, J. T., Culleoka, Tenn 100 

Arnold, J. M., Newport, Ky 1 00 

Arthur, James R., Rockdale, Tex 1 00 

Asbury, A. B., Higginsville, Mo 1 00 

Atklss-on, Marsh, Seattle, Wash 2 00 

A»hbrook, S., St. Louis 100 

Alkew, H. G., Austin, Tex 1 00 

Barry, Capt. T. H., Oxford, Ala 1 00 

Beckett, J. W., Bryant Sta., Tenn.. 100 

Bell, Capt. W. E., Richmond, Ky...,. 1 00 

Biles, J. C, McMinnville, Tenn 3 00 

Blakemore, J. H., Trenton 100 

Bonner, N. S., Lott, Tex 1 00 

Boyd, Gen. John, Lexington, Ky 1 00 

Browne, Dr. M. S., Winchester, Ky... 1 00 

Brown, John C. Camp, El Paso, Tex. 5 00 

Brown, H. T., Spears, Ky 1 00 

Brown, W. A., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Bruce, J. H., Nashville 5 00 

Burges, R. J., Sequin, Tex. 1 00 

Burkhardt, Martin, Nashville 5 00 

Bush, Maj. W. G., Nashville 2 00 

Cain, G. W., Nashville 3 00 

Cargile, J. P., Morrisvllle, Mo 160 

Calhoun, Dr. B. F., Beaumont, Tex... 1 00 

Calhoun, F. H„ Lott,Tex. ... 100 

Calhoun, W. B., St. Patrick, La. 1 00 

Cannon, Dr. J. P., McKenzie, Tenn . 1 00 
Carnahan, J. C, Donnels Chapel, 

Tenn . . . 

Carroll, Capt. John W., Henderson, 

Tenn ■• 1™ 

Cassell, W. H., Lexington, Ky 2 00 

Cecil, Loyd, Lipscomb, Tenn i uo 



Chadwick, s. W., Greensboro, Ala.... 1 00 

Cheaiham. W. B., Nashville 100 

Cheatham, Maj. J. A., Memphis 1 UO 

Cherry, A. G., Paris, Tenn 1 00 

Clavton, Capt. It. M., Atlanta, Ga.... I 00 

Clark, Mrs. I. M., Nashville, Tenn.. i 00 

Coffey, W. A., Scottsboro, Ala 100 

Cohen. Dr. H., and Capt T. Yates col- 
lected. Waxahatchie, Tex 14 00 

Coleman, Gen. R. B., McAlester. I. T. 1 00 

Cook, V. Y., Elmo, Ark 2 00 

Cooper, Judge John S., Trenton 1 00 

Cowan. J. W., Nashville 100 

Cunningham, P. D., Mexican Border. 1 00 

Cunningham, S. A., Nashville 6 00 

Curry, Dr. J. H., Nashville 100 

Curtis, Capt. B. F., Winchester, Ky.. - 50 

Dailey, Dr. W. E. p Paris, Tex 5 00 

Dargan, Miss Aiice W., Darlington, 

S. C 1 00 

Davis, J. M., Calvert, Tex 100 

Davis, Lafayette, Rockdale, Tex 100 

Davis, K. N., Trenton 100 

Davis, J. K., Dickson, Tenn 2 00 

Davis, J. E., West Po.nt, M.ss 1 00 

Davis, VV r . T., Nashville 1 00 

Davidson, N. P., Wnghtsboro, Tex.. 1 00 
Daviess County C. V. Assn, Owens- 

ooro, Ky 6 65 

Deaderick, Dr. C, Knoxville, Tenn.. 1 on 

Dean, J. J., McAlister, I. T 1 00 

Dean, M. J., Tyler, Tex 1 00 

Deason, James R., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Deering, Hev. J. R., Harrodsburg, Ky 1 00 

Dink.ns, Capt. James, Memphis 100 

Dixon, Mrs. H O., Flat Rock, Tenn.. 1 00 

Douglas, Mrs. Sarah C, Nashville — 1 00 

Doyle, J. M., Blountsvllle, Ala 1 00 

Duckworth, W. S., Nashville 100 

Dudley, Maj. R. H., Nashville 25 00 

Durrett, D. L., Springfield, Tenn 1 00 

Dyas, Miss Fannie. Nashv.lle 1 00 

ifileazer, S. D., Colesburg, Tenn 100 

Ellis, Capt. H. C, Hartsv.lle, Tenn.. 100 

Ellis, Mrs. H. C, Hartsvllle, Tenn.... 1 00 

Embry, J. W., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Emmert, Dr. A. C, Trenton, Tenn.... 1 00 

Embry, Glenn, St. Patrick, La 100 

Enslow, J. A., Jr., Jacksonville, Fla.. 1 00 

Farrar, Ed H., Centralia, Mo 1 00 

Ferguson, Gen. F. S., Birmingham.. 1 00 

Finney, W. D., Wrightsboro, Tex 1 00 

Fletcher, Mack, Denison, Tex 1 00 

Forbes Bivouac, Clarksville, Tenn.. 25 00 

Ford, A. B., Madison, Tenn 1 00 

Ford, J. W., Hartford, Ky 1 00 

Forrest, Carr, Forreston, Tex 2 00 

Foster, A. W., Trenton 1 00 

Foster, N. A., Jefferson, N. C 1 00 

Gay, William, Trenton 100 

Gibson, Capt. Thos., Nashville 1 00 

Giles, Mrs. L. B., Laredo, Tex 100 

Gooch, Roland, Nevada, Tex 100 

Goodlett, D. Z., Jacksonville, Ala 2 00 

Goodlett, Mrs. M. C, Nashville 5 00 

Goodloe, Rev. A. T.. Station Camp, 

Tenn 10 00 

Gordon, D. M., Nashville 1 00 

Gordon, A. C, McKenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Gordon, Dr. B. G., McKenzie, Tenn.. 1 00 

Graves, Col. J. M., Lexington, Ky.... 1 00 

Gray, S. L., Lebanon, Ky 1 00 

Green, Folger, St. Patricks, La 3 00 

Gwin, Dr. R. D., McKenzie, Tenn 1 Of) 

Hall, L. B., Dixon, Ky 100 

Hanrick, E. Y., Waco, Tex 100 

Hardlson, W. T., Nashville 6 00 

Harmsen, Barney, El Paso, Tex 5 00 

Harper, J. R., Rosston, Tex 1 00 

Harris, Maj. R. H., Warrington, Fla. 1 00 

Harris, J. A., Purdon, Tex 1 00 

Harrison, W. W., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Hartman, J. A., Rockwall, Tex 1 00 

Hatler, Bally, Boliver, Mo 100 

Hayes, E. S., Mineola, Tex 1 00 

Herbst, Chas., Macon, Ga 1 00 

Herron, W. W., Mckenzie, Tenn 100 

Hickman, Mrs. T. G., Vandalia, 111... 1 00 

Hickman, John P., Nashville 1 00 

Hillsman, J. C, Ledbetter, Tex 100 

Hoppel, Dr. T. J., Trenton 1 00 

Hoss, Rev. Dr. E. E., Nashville 1 00 

Hows, S. H, Newsom Station, Tenn.. 1 00 

Hughes, Louis, Dyersburg, Tenn 1 00 

Ikirt, Dr. J. J., East Liverpool, O.... 1 00 

Ingram, Jno. Bivouac, Jackson, Tenn 5 60 

Irwin, Capt. J. W., Savannah, Tenn.. 1 00 

Jackson, G. G., Wetumpka, Ala 1 00 

Jackson, Stonewall Camp, McKenzie. 6 00 

Jenkins, S. G., Nolensville, Tenn...... 1 00 

Jennings, Tipton D„ Lynchburg, Va. 1 00 

Jewell, Wm. H., Orlando, Fla 1 00 

Johnson, Leonard, Morrisville. Mo.... 1 60 

Jordan. M. F.. Murfreesboro, Tenn... 1 00 



Keerl, G. W., Culpeper. Va 

Kelly, J. O., Jeff, Ala 

Kelso, K. M.. Fayettev.lle, T. n 
Kenni dy, John C, Nashville 

King, Dr. J. C. J.. Waco. Tex 

Kirkman, V. I... Nashville 

Klllebrew, Col. J. B., Nashville 

Knoedler, Col. L. P., Augusta. Ky. 
Knox, R. M . Pine Bluff. Ark 



Lauderdale, J. S., Llano, Tex 

Lew.s, Maj. E. C, Nashville 

Lewis, Dr F. P., Coalsburg. Ala 

Lew, R. Z. & Bro., Nashville 

I .iii. l-\. .Nashville 

Long, J. M., Paris. Tex 

ove, Mai. W. A., Crawford, -Miss. 
I. mm, E. W.. Harrodsburg. Ky 



McAfee, H. M., Salvisa, Tex 

McAlester, J. J., McAlester, I. T 

McArthur, Capt. P.. and officers of 

Steamer A.R. Bragg, Newport, Ark 

McDonald, J. W„ Krai, Tenn 

McDowell, J. H., Union City, Tenm.. 
McGregor, Dr. R. R., Covington, 

Tenn • 

McKinstry, Judge O. L.. Carrollton. 

Ala... 

McLure^Mrs. M. A. E., St. Louis 

McMillin. Hon. Benton, M. C. Term.. 

McRee, VV. F.. Trenton, Tenn 

McVoy. Jos.. Cantonment, Fla 

Mallory, E. S.. Jackson, Tenn 

Marshall, J. M., Lafayette, Tenn 

Maull, J. F., Elmore, Ala 

Meek, S. W., Nashville 

Meek, Master Wilson 

Miller, Tom C, Yellow Store, Tenn.. 

Mims, Dr. W. D., Cockrum, Miss 

Mitchell, J. A., Bowling Green, Ky.. 

M tehell. A. E., Morrisville, Mo 

Montgomery. Wm., Arrow. Tenn 

Morton, Dr. I. C. Morganfleld, Ky... 

Moss, C. C, Dyersburg, Tenn 

N C & St. L Ry, by Pres. Thomas... 
Neal, Col. Tom W., Dyersburg, Tenn. 

Xeames, M. M., St. Patrick, Da 

Neilson, J. C, Cherokee, Miss 

Nelson, M. H., Hopkinsville, Ky 

Norton, N. L., Austin, Tex 

Ogilvie, W. H., Allisona, Tenn 

Overton, Col. John, Nashville 

Owen, U. J., Eagleville, Tenn 

Owen, Frank A., Evansvllle, Ind 

Pardue, Albert E., Cheap Hill, Tenn. . 

Parish, J. H., Sharon, Tenn 

Patterson, Mrs. E. H., Sequin, Tex... 
Patterson, Mrs. T. L., Cumberl'd, Md 

Pavne, E. S., Enon College, Tenn 

Pendleton, P. B., Pembroke, Ky 

Pepper, W. A., Stirling, S. C 

Perkins, A. H. D.. Memphis, Tenn.. 

Pierce, W. H., Collinsville, Ala 

Pointer, Miss Phil, Owensboro, Ky. .. 
Pryor, J. T., (Terry's Texas Ranger), 

Belton 

Raines, R. P., Trenton, Tenn 

Randall, D. C, Waldrip, Tex 

Rast, J P., Farmersvllle, Ala 

Reagan, Hon. John H., Austin, Tex.. 

Redwood, Henry, Asheville, N. C 

Reeves, Dr. N. P., Longstreet, La. ... 

Richardson, B. W., Richmond, Va 

Ridley, Capt. B. L., Murfreesboro.... 

Ritchards, Sam, Rockdale, Tex 

Robbins, A. M., Rockdale, Tex 

Rose, S. E. F., West Point, Miss 

Roy, G. W., Yazoo City, Miss 

Rudv, J. H., Owensboro, Ky 

Russell, T. A. Warrior, Ala 

Rutland, J. W., Alexandria, Tenn 

Ryan, J.. Chicago, 111 

Ryan, Frank T.. Atlanta, Ga 

Sage, Judge Geo. R., Cincinnati. 

Sanford, Dr. J. R., Covington, Tenn. 

Scott, S. P., Dresden, Tenn 

Scruggs, John, Altamont, Tenn 

Sellers, Dr. Wm., Summerfleld, La... 

Sevier, Col. T. F., Sablnal, Tex 

Sexton, E. G., Dover, Tenn ■•••••• 

Shannon, Col. E. S., Clover Croft. 

Tenn ■• 

Simmons, Col. J. W., Mexia, Tex ..... 
Snclair, Col. A. H., Georgetown, Ky. 

Sinnott, H. T., Nashville 

Sinnott, Harry M., Nashville 

Sinnott, Sidney L., Nashville 

Slatter, W. J., Winchester, Tenn 

Smith, F. P., Seguin, Tex 

Smith, Capt. F. M., Norfolk, Va 

Smith, Capt. J. F., Marion, Ark 

Smith, Gen. W. G., Sparta, Tenn 

Smith, Capt. H. I., Mason City, la.... 
Stone, Judge J. B., Kansas City, Mo. . 
Storv, Col. E. L., Austin, Tex 



1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
5 00 
1 00 
5 00 
5 00 
1 00 
5 00 

1 00 
25 00 

i oc 

500 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 
l or. 

1 00 
1 00 

5 00 
1 00 
1 »0 

3 60 

1 00 

5 00 

6 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
5 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

50 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

10 00 
1 00 
1 00 
8 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 K 
1 M 

1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
50 80 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

5 00 
1 00 

500 

6 00 

1 00 

2 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 m 
1 oo 

1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
5 00 
1 00 



Qogfederate Ueterap. 



93 



Hpeissegger, J. T., St. Augustine, Fla 1 00 

Street, H. J., Upton, Ky 1 00 

Street, W. M., Murfreesboro, Tenn.... 1 00 

Taylor, R. Z., Trenton 1 00 

Taylor, Young, Lott, Tex 100 

Templeton, J. A., Jacksonville, Tex... 1 00 

Thomas, W. T.. Cumb'd City, Tenn.. 1 00 

Tolley, Capt. W. P., Rucker, Tenn.... 1 00 

Trowbridge, S. P., Piedmont, S. C. ... 1 00 

Tucker, J. J., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Turner, R. S., Ashland City, Tenn... 6 00 

Tvree, L. H., Trenton, Tenn 100 

<T. E.) cash, Nashville 100 

Vance, R. H.. Memphis, Tenn 1 00 

Van Pelt, S. D., Danville, Kv 1 00 

Voegtley, Edwin B., Pittsburg, Pa... 2 00 

Voegtley, Mrs. E. B., Pittsburg, Pa.. 2 00 

Walker, John, Cage City, Md 2 00 

Walker, Robert. Sherman, Tex lit 

Wall, Drs. W. D., Sr. and Jr., Jack- 
son, La 2 00 

Washington, Hon. J. E., M. C. Tenn.. 2 00 

Webster, A. H., Walnut Sp's, Tex 1 0» 

Welburn, E. H., Nashville, Tenn 1 M 

West, Jno. C, Waco, Tex 1 00 

White, J. H., Franklin, Tenn 1 00 

Wllkerson, W. A., Memphis 1 00 

Williams, J. Mat, Nashville 10 00 

Williams, Robert, Guthrie, Ky 100 

Wilson, Hon. S. F., Gallatin, Tenn... 1 00 

Wilson, Mrs. S. F.. Gallatin, Tenn.... 1 00 

Wilson, Dr. J. T.. Sherman, Tex 1 00 

Wilson, Capt. E. H., Norfolk, Va 1 00 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph, M. C. Ala 1 00 

Wofford, Mrs. N. J., Memphis, Tenn. 1 00 

Wright, Geo. W., McKenzie, Tenn.... 1 00 

Wyeth, Dr J. A., New York City 50 00 

Young, Col. Bennett H., Louisville... 6 00 

Young County Camp, Graham, Tex.. 7 85 



Brownlow, J. E., Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. 50 
DwigTTt, Dr. R. Y., Pinopolls, S. C... 50 
Fleming, S. N., Mt. Pleasant. Tenn. 50 
r. E. Clark, R. E. Grlzzard and M M. 
Mohlev, Trenton, Tenn.; Capt. 
Chas. H. May and J. W. Fielder. 
Benton, Ala.; Dr. E. Young and W. 
W. Powers, Greensboro, Ala.; J. 
W. Gilman and H. Heverin, Nash- 
ville; G. N. Albright, W. A. Ross 
and Alonzo Gilliam, Stanton, 
Tenn.: John W. Green and cash, 
Dyersburg, Tenn.; E. J. Harwell, 
Stonewall, La 1A 

Collins, Mrs. Geo. C, Mt. Pleasant, 

Tenn 25 

C. W. Hlgginbotham, Calvert. Tex.; 
T. O. Moore, Comanche, Tex.; L. 
C. Newman, H. M. Nash. J. W. 
Murnan, G. Shafer, J. F. Coppedge, 
J. K. Gibson, Stanton, Tenn.; J. T. 
Pryan, Mariana, Fla 2 26 

Too late for classification : 

Judge Jno. M. Lea, Nashville % 10.00 

E, II. Brown, Baltimore 1.00 

Dr. W. 11. Hancock. Paris, Texas 1.00 

W. H. Reid, Sandy Springs, N C. L.OO 

A. B. JoneB, Dyersburg, Tenn... 1.00 
J.W. McGinnis, Dyersburg, Tenn 1 on 

I S. Wall, Abbeville, La 1.00 

Or. O. H.Todd,Owensboro, Ky.. 1 00 

Joe Lehmann. Waco, Texas.. . . LOO 

J. A. Ayers Nashville 1.00 

Hon. Z. W. Ewing. Pulaski, Tenn 2 00 

Capt. J. II. George, Howell, Tenn 1.00 

B. R. Brown. Bhoun's X Rds,Tenn 1 00 
Total subscription $811.00 

One of the best treats ever given in 
the VETERAN is promised next month in 
a picture and sketch of a maiden lady of 
Nashville. She is well known here, and 
is a remarkable woman ; she tells her 
age and has not, had a picture made in 
fifteen years and then never but one 
other time. That was for the Centen- 
nial celebration of Nashville, 1SS0. She 
will pardon the Veter is tor mentioning 
that she possesses her faculties in a re- 
markable degree. She is very amiable 
and ever of good cheer. She is devout 
and attends church quite regularly ; 



even at night she goes without an escort. 
As much might be said of others, but 
all would be junior to her. She was old 
when taking part in' the great war, and 
her recollections of that period in Vir- 
ginia and Tennessee hospitals, will be 
given. She is .Miss Jane Thomas, and 
she was born in 1800! 

AMERICAN HIST'L MAG V/.INE. 



The second edition of the January 
number, volume 1. number 1, of this 
excellent magazine is just issued from 
the University Press. This second edi- 
tion was rendered recessary by an un- 
expected demand from all sections of 
the country and especially from the 
North. The first article "The Father of 
Representative Government in Amer- 
ica," written by the editor, is well worth 
the subscription price of the magazine. 
Everything in this magazine merits 
careful reading. The editor. Maj W. 
R. Garrett is well fitted for this impor- 
tant work. Its circulation deserves to 
lie general in its great field— America. 
Address John W. Paulett, Genera] 
Agent, Nashville. Tenn. 

r.I'SINESSCHAT. 



Has on its mailing list the names of 
8,000 distinct, solvent merchants, scat- 
tered through Tennessee, Kentucky. 
West Virginia, Virginia. North and 
Boutfa Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Ala- 
bama. Mississippi, Louisiana and Ar- 
kanas. It is a readable periodical whose 
chief aim is to impress upon the run 
mercial world Nashville's right to the 
title Of the Gateway Of the South \- 

an advertising medium it reaches re 

merchants than any one periodical in 
this sect ion. Subscription price 50 cent s 

per annum, Sample Copies free. Ad- 
dress, J. c. Bunch, Manager, Nashville, 
Tenn. Business Chut and the Vkteran 
one year, $1.10. 

THE WILSON EAR DRUM. 



Hugh S. Hood writes from the Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn,, Savings Bank to the 
Wilson Ear Urum Company, at Louis- 
ville, Ky.: Several years ago I had 
trouble with my hearing and went nn 
der treatment of a specialist who gave 
me Some relief at the time, but since 
then I have been growing worse. I t ried 
the Auraphone, but it gave me no re- 
lief whatever, and I thought I would 
never try such a thing as an Ear Drum 
again, but on seeing a cut of your "Com- 
mon Sense Ear Drum," last July I sent 
for a pair, as my hearing was getting so 
"very much worse. And now. after a good 
trial, I will say they certainly are what 
deaf people need. and. then, they are 
invisible, so that there is no embarrass- 
ment in connection with wearing them. 
1 have worn mine for six months and 
but I wo persons know that I am wear- 
ing them. * * » From now on 1 
shall recommend them to my friends 
and any others who are afflicted. Be- 
fore using your drums I suffered inde- 
scribable Strain, of which I have been 
greatly relieved since using, and as I 
am doing stenographic work this relief 
has been of great benefit tome. 



PERSONAL. 

The tribute to Miss Marshall in last 
Veteran elicited more general expres- 
sion of gratitude locally than anything 
ever yet been published in it. It was a 
surprise to the sorrowful parents. Af- 
ter referring to the "lovely and tender 
offering," the mother wrote: "It is a 
little memorial that will go down 
through the years, for who is there that 
will not cherish and preserve the inter- 
esting pages of the Veteran? Harriet 
said while arranging the numbers for 
binding, 'I shall always keep these vol- 
umes in my library, and every year 
they will be more valuable and inter- 
esting.' I shall always subscribe for 
the Veteran. • * * 

"Our hearts are broken, our home is 
desolate. She was our sunshine our 
idol our all. * * Time and God 

may dull the keen sharpedgeof anguish. 
* * * It is well with her, but 0, this 
empty world I" 



The following extracts from an arti- 
cle in our daily press of March 5. 
will be gratifying to patrons of the Vet- 
eran, since promotion of the interest 
mentioned is beneficial to it and the edi- 
tor'spersonal friends will be gratified. 

A telegram was received in Nashville 
yesterday by s. A. Cunningham, editor 
of the Confederate Veteran, from 
Hon. Joseph E. Washington, M. C., 
congratulating him upon the appoint- 
ment, by Secretary of War, Lamont, of 
his son. l'anl D. Cunningham, an Engi- 
neering Clerk I o Col.. I. W. Barlow, Hi vis- 
ion Engineer of the Southwest, the ter- 
ritory embracing the States south of the 
( ihio.— not including the Atlantic Coast 
St.'ites, and of Missouri. Arkansas and 
Texas west of the Mississippi. Mr. 
Cunningham feels special indebtedness 
to Mr Washington for zeal in behalf of 
his son. whose application was consid- 
ered with worthy and active competi- 
tors. The junior Cunningham has had 
remarkable success as an engineer. 
Beginning for the Government with a 
survey of the Tennessee River, from 
the mouth of the French Broad to Chat- 
tanooga, he so made favor that he was 
given a good position by the Interna- 
t tonal Boundary Commission in itsgreat 
survey of the Mexican border, from El 
I'aso to the Pacific Ocean. Then, when 
that work was completed, and he was 
en route home, a telegram detained him 
to receive a proposition from Col. An- 
son Mills, in charge of the water bound- 
ary, the Rio Grande, which was accept- 
ed. He is now engaged upon that 
work, and the only person who has par- 
ticipated in both surveys. The Gov- 
ernment maps of the Rio Grande are 
credited to him as Assistant Engineer. 

In connection with that important 
survey "The American" gave an ac- 
count over a year ago of an important 
assignment, in which he was sent to 
Arizona to make some triangulations 
and to do some other intricate work de- 
sired by thi' commission, being fur- 
nished with an escort from the army. 
lining Cunningham was congratulated 
by a member of the commission in 
charge of field work, "upon the prompt 
and satisfactory manner" in which he 
completed it. 



94 



Qor?federate tfeterap. 



TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL CHIMES 

The Veteran gives herewith a repre- 
sentation of the two sides of the Cen- 
tennial Chimes Souvenirs which have 
been provided by the Children's Cen- 
tennial Chimes Committee to be sold 
as a memento of the centenary of Ten- 
nessee and for the benefit of the fund to 
purchase the musical chimes. The plan 




to raise a sufficient fund to purchase a 
set of chimes, to be kept as a permanent 
memorial by the State, meets with gen- 
eral approval. It is proposed to raise 
the most of the money by the contribu- 
tions of the children of Tennessee, but 
there will be need of other aid. and these 
Chimes Souvenirs will be sold for the 



# 



•&•' >*& N>- 




purpose of adding to the fund. The 
souvenirs are beautiful ; they are pen- 
dant from bar-pins, and can be worn as 
an ornament or kept in the neat boxes 
which go with them as relics of the Cen- 
tennial year. They will be sold for 
25 cents each, and will be supplied by 
S. A. Cunningham, (Nashville, Tenn.). 
member of the Committee. 



A Confederate comrade suggests, as a 
fine feature of the popular subscription 
to the Battle Abbey fund now being 
made throughout the South, which will 
be the greatest of all Southern memori- 
als, that "the crowning glory to that no- 
ble work would be the making of these 
chimes from contributions of suitable 
metal or relics hy men, women and chil- 
dren who feel an interest in this great 
work, to contribute Con federate Relics." 

"Of course," said the comrade, "this 
chimes movement, having been inaugu- 
rated as a Tennessee enterprise, could 
not be utilized unless the Battle Abbey 
be located here. There being no settled 
place for locating the chimes perma- 
nently, it would seem indeed most ap- 
propriate to consider well the comrade's 
suggestions. 




Engravings from a silver coin 
belonging to General John Boyd, 
of Lexington, Ky. Comrade 
Boyd recently visited Nashville, 
and has engaged to furnish illus- 
trations of many Kentucky heroes 
who gave their services, and many 
of them their lives, to the Confed- 
erate cause. A list will be printed 
in April Veteran. 




REV. GEO. N. CLAMPIT F 



Capt. Will Miller, Arcadia. 
La., writes March 7th: I am 
sorry to say we buried our 
chaplain, Rev. George N. 
Clampitt, yesterday, in his 
eighty-third year. One by one 
we are passing away, and no 
more veterans coming on. 

This veteran sent club after 
club of subscribers to the Vet- 
eran. He was a Cumberland 
Presbyterian preacher, and al- 
most isolated from the church 
in general by his location. 



Gen. R. B. Coleman, of Mc- 
Alister, I. T.. reports the death 
of private William C. Sparks. 
at that place, ''an honest, up- 
right citizen," who wasof Com- 
pany D. 41st Mississippi. 



Don't fail to write for the 
wonderful story of Samuel 
Davis, in June Veteran, sent 
free of charge. 




The 



The 



The 



Best. Rest. Test. 



There are two kinds of sarsapavilla : The best — er.d the 
rest. The trouble is they look aiikc. And when the rest 
dress like the best, who's to tell them apart? Well, "the trie 
is known by its fruit." That's an old test and a s:ifo one. 
And the taller the tree the deeper the root. That's another 
test. What's the root, — the record of these sarsaparillas ? The 
one with the deepest root is Ayer's. The one with the richest 
fruit ; that, too, is Ayer's. Ayer's Sarsaparilla has a record of 
half a century of cures ; a record of many medals and awards — 
culminating in the medal of the Chicago World's Fair, which, 
admitting Ayer's Sarsaparilla as the best — shut its doors against 
the rest. That was greater honor than the medal, to be the only 
Sarsaparilla admitted as an exhibit at the World's Fair. If you 
want to get the best sarsaparilla of your druggist, here's an 
infallible rule: Ask for the best and you'll get Ayer's. Ask 
for Ayer's and you'll get the best. 




I 



Confederate Veteran. 



95 



MONTEAGLE ••• 




SUMMER RES I DENC) 01 CHANCELLOR PAYNE. 

The Summer Home and Assembly, 

On the Summit of Cumberland Mountain. 
Invigorating Climate. 

Purest Freestone Water. 

Beautiful Views on all Sides. 



ASSEMBLY PROGRAM. General John B. 
Gordon, Rev. Sam Jones, George W. 
Bain, Col. Marchbanks, Louis Fa- 
vour, Arinii Ladies' Quartette, Grif- 
fin Concert Co., Tyrolean Trouba- 
dorusaml Ransom, tne Magician, and 

many others. More this si i 

Tin: NUMBER of star attract inns 
offered previous seasons. 

SUMMER SCHOOLS. Art, Elocution, Mu- 
sic. Literature, Berlitz School of Lan- 
guages, Latin, Science. Mathematics, 
Stenography, I'rimnry School, Do- 
mestic Keonomy, Yanderbill Sum- 
mer School of Physical Culture, etc. 
Noum m Institute for teachers. 



GYMNASIUM, finely i ipped, full Fac- 
ulty, Great Swimming Pool of purest 

water with numerous bath houses 
Bowling Alley. Free Library art' 
Reading Room, daily papers, maga 
zines, latest hooks, etc . Tennis 
Courts. Croquet and P.all Grounds. 

SUPERB NEW HOTEL, modern conveni 
ences, crowded ;\11 last season — its 
lirst. Homes, Boarding Houses, 
Furnished Cottages can be rented. 

CO-OPERATIVE CLUBS, and families, re- 
duce living often to $l"i per month 
and less. 



DAILY CONCERTS BY I.AKlil: ORCHESTRA. 

GREAT DAYS: "Veteran's," "Woman's," "Centennial." 
Special Excursions. 

For Programs and any information address, 

A. P. BOURLAND, Manager, 

NASHVILLE. TENN. 

Mention Veteran when nrriiing. 



FLOWER SEEDS. 


Pansv ... 40 kinds 


. Poppv . . . SB kind 


Nasturtiums 10 " 


Canriytnfte. 10 " 


Phlox . . , 20 " 


Hoi nineGlorv 15 " 


Verbena . . is 


>\\ eet Peas . 86 " 


Pinks . . . IS 


•• U ignonette 5 


Petunia . . 12 


" Allvsum . 5 " 


Asters . 17 


Portal aca . 16 


Balsam . . ]0 '• 


Zinnias . . 10 


The above Ifi pkg. 


\nnu:ils 10c. 


HILLSIDE NURSERY, Somervllle Mass. 



The Miami Medical College, 

Of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Regular Session Begins Oct 1. 1895. 



Send for Catalogue. All Inquiries receive 
prompt Attention. 

W \l.l. PAPEB 

If any of our readers nerd \Y;i 

per. i he \ en n not do better than to write 
to Mr Robert Montanus, 212 West 
Market Street, Louisville, Ky.. whose 

Card appears in this issue lie has 

been in i he business a long time, and is 
in it to stay. 



IFTTA' A Stor J 

UL, I If*. f the South. 



The st. Louis PoBt-Dispatcn Bays: l The naive 
exposition of the real thoughts, aspirations 
emotions of the Southern K r iri is one *»f the 

1 r the Btory." 

Beautifully printed on heavy lai<l papi i 

§a£ee, h uh handsom \.r. Hailed Co an 
reason receipt otii nts. Stamps I 

Charles tl. Kerr & Company. 

Publishers. 

56 Fifth Ai-e. , Chicago. 




DEAFNESS 

in : Head No Ftea relieved hj* .us- 
ing Wilson Common Sens* 1 Ear 
Drums- Now Bcien title inven- 
tion ; differ en 1 from ;ill other 
device?, rhi 
comfortable and invisil 
Drum in ( he n orld. ; I 
where medical skill tails No 

■ i or string attachment, 
w rite for p impti lei . 
WILSON 1 \H DR1 H CO, 
ist Bldg.. Louisville. Kv 



WALL PAPER 

BY MAIL 

From 3 C a rollup * 
Gilt, 6 C a roll up ; 

New and e legant j 
d< sign - < 

;iii<l book 1 I I 

Paper, "maili ] 

2,2 «aSSSrftr. ROBT, MONTANUS. j 




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ONE MELON WEIGH5 92 LBS 

i SIX OTHERS WEIGH 420 Las. 

•YOU WANT SOME OF THESE SEED 

iSENDTHREE CENTS IN STAMPS FOR 

INTERESTING CATALOGUE.WITH FULL 

INSTRUCTIONS HOWTO GROWFORPROftt 

WATERMELONS. GIANT BEGGAR WEED. 

AND PAPER SHELL PECANSTO V* 

W.M.GIRARDEAU. J: 

\ MONTICCLLO. r LA. A* 



"> 



96 



Confederate l/eterap. 



THE CALIFORNIA TOURIST. 



There are many thousands of people 
:attered all over the East and North 
who can amply afford to escape the se- 
vere winters which are shortening their 
lives, and whose rigors are a constant 
menace to the most robust constitution. 
To such, the trip to Gal fornia, via the 
Southern Pacific, would be a perpetual 
delight. Snow never falls upon the Sun- 
set Line of the Southern Pacific to in- 
terfere in the slighest degree with its 
service, and while the trip by more 
northern routes carries with it the possi- 
bility of delays from blockades, no such 
interference need be apprehended by 
the Southern Pacific line. Besides its 
double daily train service, the Southern 
Pacific's Semi-Weekly "Sunset Limited" 
service is the most luxurious exempli- 
fication of modern travel. The road 
runs through the beautiful Bayou Coun- 
i ry of Louisiana, across the high plains 
of ^Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, 
where the novelty of the landscape is a 
perpetual charm. Crossing the Colorado 
at Yuma, the traveler finds himself in 
California, where groves of orange, 
lemon and olive greet his eyes as a verit- 
able vision of paradise. There is such a 
wide diversity of scene and climate in 
California that the tourist can, and, in 
fact, must choose what he will. If he 
seeks the seaside resorts, Santa Monica, 
Santa Barbara, Santa Catalina Island, 
Del Monte. Santa Cruz or a score of 
uthersinvitehim. Or, perhaps, the val- 
leys where Redlands, San Bernardino, 
Riverside. Los Angeles, Pasadena, Paso 
del Robles, or Fresno lie, or higher north 
by the Sacramento, will claim attention. 
The scene is everywhere bewilderingly 
beautiful. It is all one dreams about 
in connection with the Mediterranean — 
the opalescent skies, the sweep of low- 
lands and hillsides covered with vine- 
yard and orchard; the softness of the 
air that brings health in every zephyr. 
Annually, the streams of Eastern tour- 
ists grow larger, because of the glories 
and beauties of this wonderland of the 
Continent are each year better known. 
And usually the thousands who go there 
fur the first time resolve to go again and 
tike their friends with them. For fur- 
ther particulars write to any Southern 
Pacific Agent, or to S. F. B. Morse, Gen- 
eral Passenger and Ticket Agent, New 
I Means, La. For 20 cents in stamps to 
defray postage, the Southern Pacific will 
send you a magnificent book, just issued, 
descriptive of the whole route. 

WANTED — FIVE GOOD MEN! 
Will Give Permanent Employment. 

Apply by letter addressed to 

Southwestern Publishing Housk. 

Nashville. Tennessee. 



OXYSALTS..-.'"-:?::;!;';::"!"- 

mi' I '!> ii ■ r u.r ,',,.i,i, in -. In,! , ,i,i,|,|,- ,l,,iii i, ,li 

. , r, l,.„-,l„l,| Til.,,, la rxoII,in.-,,ii..r.,,,l,lc in il- i,,., harmful l„ it'. 

. ihangu will bo noil I In th„ skin In on. daj When nwi i,.,,„,„,i 

,[. I,, i :, „i kill, but Mil, rrlulion lucd In applying it MM!' 

11 s WRINKLES and left* I 1 .... lir... .V si.„».ih. After ft ftw application. 

'implas, Tan, Blackheads and Sunburn 

,i r During lb! 0« all pnwden ftnd lollims are to bo „,„il,,l. 

, 'I,, is i, ,,,.- ,i..„t i,nr poftviteraTid OmrKALTfl, Mr it l.ri [■.,,,.-- ,,i, 1 

J ■■ puritlM. Full direction! for wo accompany , K v- , i ,.— >,, in.i, I 

One Month's Treatment Only 25 cents, 

I I ill lend oaomonth'otnfttmentftndnellthoiocipewlth full direo- 

tklncftod mine. Ton rill then fad able in prapare tin- u\, «*i,T"yomT,i;ll 

stnanSOonjcnw. K. f. LnlOMBE, Station C, St, Louis, JLo, 



The following good one is told cm the 
Colonel of the Forty-eighth Georgia 
Regiment by the Atlanta Constitution : 

As the Regiment was on the march to 
Gettysburg some of the soldiers stepped 
out of the ranks and confiscated a cou- 
ple of geese, and one of the drummers 
unheaded his drum and stowed away 
the birds. 

Shortly afterward the Colonel came 
along and, noticing the drummer failed 
to give his usual drum whacks, rode up 
and. said: "Why don't you beat that 
drum?" 

"Colonel," said the startled man, "I 
want to speak to you." 

The Colonel drew close to him and 
said: "Well, what have you to say?" 

The drummer whispered: "Colonel, 
I've got a couple of geese in here." 

The Colonel straightened up and said : 
"Well, if you are sick, you needn't play," 
and rode on. 

That night the Colonel had roast goose 
for supper. 

State of Ohio, City of Toledo, t 

Luc as County, ( ss 

Frank J.Cheney makes oath that he is the 
senior partner of the Arm of F.J. Cheney & Co., 
doing business in the City of Toledo, County and 
State aforesaid, and that said lirni will pay the 
sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and 
every case of Catakrh that cannot be cured by 
the use of Hall's Catarrh Ct'RK. 

FRANK J. CHENEY. 
Sworn to before nie and subscribed in my 
presence, this 0th dav of December, A. D. 1886. 
) A. W.GLEASON, 

JSotary Public. 



1 SEAL. | 



Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and 
arts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of 
the system. Send for testimonials, free. 

F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. 

WirSold by Druggists, 75c. 




51 i Church Street, 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 



Booksellers. 

Dealer in New and Second Hand Books 
of all kinds. 

COKRESI'ONDENCE SOLICITED. 

MEMOIRS 

OF 

Stonewall Jaekson, 

BY HIS WIDOW, 
MARY ANNA JACKSON, 

and Sketches by Generals Gordon, Fitzhugh 
Lee, French. McLaws, Butler, Bradley 
Johnson, Lane.Taliaferro.McGowan.Heth, 
Ditke, Kev. J. W r . Jones, Viscount (general) 
Wolseley, and others. A book of nearly 700 
paues, beautifully bound and handsomely 
illustrated. Agents wanted in every torwn 
and county. Liberal pay. Address, 
COURIER-JOURNAL JOB PRINTING CO., 
Louisville, Ky. 
N.B. — Veteran&iSons and Daughters of Vet- 
erans and true admirers of greatness cvery- 
xvhere send for descriptive circular. 

(Mention Veteran when you write.) 



Entirely Recovered. 



EXTREME NERVOUSNESS CORED BY 
ISE OF THE ELECTROPOISE. 



Immediate Benefits Resulted From Its 

Application — The Boy Grew and 

Fleshened in a Short Time. 



I purchased an Electropoise of you 
two years ago to be used on my son. 
He was confined to his bed during the 
spring and summer of '94, and the doc- 
tor who was called in said that he was 
suffering from extreme nervousness. 
He began the use of the Electropoise, 
and immediately commenced to im- 
prove in health. He has now entirely 
recovered from that disease, and I have 
never seen any one grow and fleshen as 
he has done. The Electropoise also 
helped me. 

My neighbors all know what a great 
change it has made in my son Eugene. 

Respectfully, Sallie J. Poe. 

"Estill Springs, Tenn., Jan. 9, '96. 




$5.00 
For Two Months' Rent 

With liberal terms for the ultimate pur- 
chase after renting. Those who are not 
familiar with the wonderful curative 
work of the Electropoise should write 
for booklet giving full particulars. The 
Electropoise endorsed by thousands in 
every walk of life all over the country- 

Dubois -&- webb, 

Chamber of Commerce Building, 
NASHVILLE, - - - TENN. 

HAMILTON PARKS, 

ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR 
AT LAW, 1 

Rooms 53 and 64, 
Chamber of Commerce Building 

....NASHVILLE, TENN. 



TELEPHONE 1 



REFERS BY PERMISSION TO~ 



Amencan National Bank, Nashville, Tenn. 
Union Bank and Trust Co., Nashville, Tenn. 
Geo. W. McAlpinCo., Cincinnati, O. 
Col. H. E. Huntington, Gen. ManagerN. N. A M. 
V. Co., Cincinnati, O. 9 94 ly 



APRIL, ISHfl' 



>*— -^—*— ——"—"— ~—~—- -— -—■^-- "-;—- — - — ^j^ r *m*^*M- — 



PATRIOTIC AND PROGRESSIVE. 



. PRICE, 10 CENTS. 



Qopfe dera te l/ete ra p . 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Prick Jl.oo per Year, 
in Advance. 



Vol. IV. 



Nashville, Tenn., April, 1896. 



vr,. , IS.A. ITN-MSUHAM. 

1,u ' H - I EDITOR. 






ufl) 


!^^^ 






ElSBGSazir 




L £*%± 






I 



■ 



I 



,vj 



Substitute for Defaced MONUMENT at VICK8BURG, Where Grant and Pemberton Met. July 4, 1868. 



Confederate l/eterar? 



^mH!n!mm!!!mmmmmmmmm!Hmmm!Hmmm!HmmM!H!!nH!mmmmmm?!^mt!!?4 



S.A.L. I 



SEABOARD AIR LINE. 3 




THE DIRECT LINE TO . . . 



I RICHMOND, VIRGINIA, J 

The Only Line Running Solid A est i billed Trains r=s 

S^ From Atlanta to Richmond. 3 



CONFEDERATE VETERANS 



EN ROUTE TO THE 



| Grand . Re= Union j 

£§ Can Find no Such Accommodations or Attractions 

§= by Any Other Route. 3§ 

H Special Trains, Special Coaches, Special Schedules || 

H Over the N. C. & St. L. Railway, W. & A., S. A. L., via 1 

«£ Chattanooga, Kennesaw, Chickamauga, Alatoona Pass, At- 

§= lanta, Abbeville, S. C, Raleigh, N. C, Petersburg, The Cra- 

§£ ter, thence through numerous battlefields to Richmond. i^s 

SPECIAL RATES ARRANGED FOR [SIDE TRIPS AND EXCURSIONS. % 



FOR FURTHER INFORMATION. ADDRESS, 



ATLANTA, GA., No 6, Kimball House- B. A. NBWLAND, 
Gen. Agent i'.iss. Department, w.m. B. i'i imi m \ . 
i'.ls^. Ac-Hi. K. .1. w \i.ki r, Ticket Agent. 

AUGUSTA, QA. P. Tennant, Trav. Pass. A.fni. 

( IIVKI ISION.S. C , 150 E. Bay St.— W. A. 1'ii.ot. Trav. 

r.iss. a rent. 

CINCINNATLO B. S. Terhtjne, Commercial Agent, Room S, 
FosdlcR Building. 

HOUSTON, I I V i \. Wi-mk. Trat. p.i^. Agent. 

LAI KINS. s. c— J. N. Wright, Trav, Pas-. Agent. 

ni w 0RL1 INS, LA., to:i Camp St.— R. H. Tate, South- 
Western Pass. Agent 



MONTGOMERY, 41. A. -J. H. Griffin, Trav. Pass. Agent. XS 

N VSUVILLE, TNEN.— J is. G. Cani ri i i . Trav. Pass. Agent. — • 

NORFOLK, VA., 11 .Mnin St. J. w. Brown, Jr., Citj Pass. ~ZZ 

Igent. —• 

PORTSMOUTH. VA.— Geo. McP. Batte, Trai rent. 'ZZ 

RALEIGH, N.C. H. S. Leard, Trav. Pass. Lgent. ~» 

RICHMOND, VA. H. M. Boykjn, Citj Pass. Agent. ^S 

ROME. G A. J. G. Ramey, Trav. Pass. Agent ~» 

ST. LOUIS, MO— H.I. Norvell, Com. Agent, room 407, Mer- ^S 

chant's Exchange -—• 

WILMINGTON, N. C. Thos. D. Meares, General \ Z£ 



II. W. B. GLOVER, Traffic Manager. T. J. ANDERSON, Gen. Pass. Agent. 

I.. ST. JOHN, Vice-President and Gen. Manager, Portsmouth, Va. 



H en | Ion \ eteran when yon « rite. 



Qotyfederate l/eterai). 



# 



ac\) &r Pendleton 

Rangers and Rrol<ers 

45 Rroadway, New Vork 

Members 

New york S tock E xcnan g e 
New york produce Exchange 
New \Jork Cotton Exchange 
New Vork Coffee Exchange 



WHEN IN NEW YORK 
STOP AT THE 



Ruy and sell Stocks, Ronds, Cotton, Grain and C of fee. 

for cash or on margin, allow interest on balances 

subject to sight draft ; 

Correspondence invited 




WESTMINSTER HOTEL. 



situated in the heart 
<>f the fashionable 
shopping and amuse- 
ment districts, one 
block from Broadway 
at Union Square, in 
Che quiet and aristo- 
cratic neighborhood 
of Gramercy I' a r k. 
An ideal family hotel. 
On the American plan. 
Cuisine noted for its 
excellence. 

Booms single or en 
suite, with p r i va te 
bath. Kates moderate. 

\\ I.STM1NSTKR 
HOTEL, 

trving Place and 16th 
St.. NEW FORK. 

E. N. Asable, Prop. 
B. W. Swope, of Ky., 
Manager. 



NASHVILLE COLLEGE FOR YOUNG LADIES. 

Three Buildings. Rooms for 200 boarders. Forty Officers, Teachers and Lecturers. Session begins September 2, 1895. Privileges 

in theVanderbilt University. Eminent Lecturers every season. 

Our Literary Schedule embraces a scheme of education extending 
over a period of four years, and a mode of training which is in 
advance of competition. 

A Kindergarten is in connection with the College: also training class 
for teachers and mothers who desire to learn Friebel's principles of 
child-culture. 

The Best Elocutionary Training under the care of Prof. Merrill, of 
Vanderbilt University, who enjoys a national reputation. Teachers 
desiring instruction are invited to try this course. 

Practical Education is provided for pupils who defire to learn Dress 
cutting and fitting. Stenography, Typewriting and Bookkeeping. 

Magnificent New Building 108x68 feet, facing on Broad and on Vaux- 
hall streets, five stories, grand rotunda, fine elevator, steam heat, 
ample parlors. This completes and crowns the work. 

An Lnparalelled Growth from obscurity to national fame, from fifty 
pupils to begin with to over 4,000 from half the Union. 



In Music two first-class musicians are in charge of the instrumental 

and vocal departments. With them are associated other teachers 

of fine culture and great skill in the production of the best musical 

compositions. Pupils enjoy advantages in hearing the highest style 

of music. 
Our Art Department is in the finest studio of the city, beautifully 

lighted, and amply supplied with models. Pupils enjoy from time 

to time advantages for seeing and studying best art works, such as 

can be found only in a progressive and wide-awake city. 
For Scientific Studies our classes have the privilege of attending the 

lectures of Vanderbilt Professors in the Laboratories of Chemistry, 

of Physics, and of Natural History, giving access to the splendid 

resources of the leading institution of the South. 
Our Gymnasium is fullv equipped for its work. Every species of 

apparatus requisite for full development of the bodily organs is 

here provided for our flourishing classes. Both the Sargent and the 

Swedish Gymnastics taught. 
SEND FOR CATALOGUE. REV. GEO. W. F. PRICE. D.D., Pres., 108 Vauxhall Place. Nashville, Tenn. 



THE JESSE FRENCH PIANO and ORGAN CO., 



-£3— 'MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS.: _^ ; , 



Are the Sole Representatives of the 
Famous 



C>0K><><><>OCK><>CK>O<><><X><><><>CKH^^ 

! STORR 



CM>CK><><>OCK><><>0<>0<><>000-C>-OCI 

P 

Q 

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OOOOOO-O <>CH>C>00<>CK>0<>00<>0-0-0 



>0<>€-0000<>0000<>OC^X>OOOOOOC-0<>0<>0 





PIRN0. 

>OOOOOOOC^>CK>000<>0<>C-00<K> 

That received the highest award of merit at 
the World's Fair, Chicago. 

^ FOR FIVE POINTS OTSUPERIOR EXCELLENCE. ^ 

They are also Representatives of other Leading Makes of 

PIANOS and ORGANS of the WORLD, 

And sell direct to purchasers at factory prices, thus saving them all middle men's profit. 
Write to them before purchasing. A two-cent stamp may save you many dollars. 

JESSE FRENCH PIANO AND ORGAN CO., 



(Mention Veteran when yon write.! 



^opfederat^ l/eterap. 



Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 



thick, 10 Cents. 
Vkablt, $1. 



Vol. IV. 



Nashville, Tenn., April, 1896. 



No. 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM 
Editor. 



Entered at tbe postoffice, Nashville, Tenn.. as second-class matter. 

Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or $20 a year, except 
'ast page. One page, one time, special, MO. Discount: Half year, one 
Issue : oue year, two issues. This I- )l n in e ith -e 0D bhG 1' inner rale. 

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is top 
important for anything Ihat lias not special merit. 

The date to a subscription is always given i<i the month before ii ends. 
for instance, if tbe Vktkkan be ordered to begin with January, the date on 
mall list will be December. and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



The "civil war'' w ;i* too long ago to be called the "late"' war and when 
correspondents use that term the word "great" (war) will lie substituted. 

Response to request for hack numbers of the Vet- 
kk an has been so liberal, notice is now made that no 
more copies are wanted, except those numbers to 
August '93, of which hut few copies have been re- 
ceived and for which there is greatest demand. 



Requests have been made so frequently for copies 
of the Constitution now in vogue by the officials oi 

the United Confederate Veterans, that its lull text 

may lie expected in the May number. 

The Florida account of the United Confederate 
Veterans' reunion and the Confederate Monument 
to lie erected as a gift from Comrade C. C. Hem- 
ming, of Gainesville, Texas, is again deferred 
through unexpected delaj of correspondence, and 
because Mr. Hemming; is changing- his plan ahout it. 

Much is being said by comrades in different sections 
in behalf of a general election day in all Confederate 
Camps. Let this lie discussed and mavhe some plan 
will be promulgated at Richmond. It suggests a 
pleasant idea that perhaps one thousand Confed- 
erate organizations have a g-eneral election day, 
the Daughters and Sons doing- likewise. 



It will seem old to repeat monument locating the 
site of Pembcrton and (1 rant's place of conference 
looking to the surrender of Vicksburg, upon the 
title page of VETERAN, hut the monument was 
changed, inasmuch as relic hunters had defaced the 
marble shamefully, and the sing-ular error was made 
to designate it as at Jackson, in March VETERAN. 

The engraving upon the marble shaft, now in the 
National Cemetery, is as follows: Taken from the 
site of the interview between Maj.-Gen. U. S. Grant 
and Lieut. -Cen. Pemberton, July 4, 1863. 

The printing of the page in blue is done to 
work it with the Virginia flag- on back of number 
— its propel color. 



A suggestion kindly furnished by Cen. Ceorge 
Reese, of Pensacola. Fla., in regard to a reunion 
mark is revived for the Richmond gathering. It is 
that delegates wear a card or badge on the hat or 
in some conspicuous place, indicating especially 
their regiment in the service. 

The writer recalls his first journey through the 
Carolinas and Virginia. It was in war times. He 
had metal letters. "Tenn.," on his hat. and the 
gr< etings in nearly every section created a pride in 
his native State. This method was practiced at 
Houston through suggestion in the VETERAN. 



The VETERAN is making a test of friendship for 
the cause it represents by application to railway 
presidents and managers in the South: 

It represents itself a peculiar publication in hav- 
ing the entire South lor its territory, and that al- 
though published in Nashville, it hardly belongs to 
Tennessee more than to Texas. Missouri, Mary- 
land. Virginia, the Carolinas, Louisiana, or any 
other Southern State. It represents to them that 
ditor is frequently called to reunions without 
having- time to arrange for transportation, and asks 
favors whereby delay may be avoided. IleolTers to 
keep standing acknowledgment of the railroads so 
favoring him. and claims that this favor will be 
appreciated by the thousands who indorse the Vkt- 
■. and support it unstintedly. 

In cordially responding to this request, A. E. 
Haehlield. President of theOconee A- Western Rail- 
road says: This road was built with Northern cap- 
ital and is controlled by Northern men. but 1 will 
always be glad to recogmize any man who did his 
duty according- to his honest convictions. Shall be 
glad to have you make use of the pass. 

The railway official who has done more than any 

other in the way mentioned was a soldier ol the 

Union Army. He controls a large system. The 

ran is determined to show who its pronoun* ed 

friends are in this respect. 



Gen. Stephen D. Lee. of Mississippi, has accepted 
the invitation of the Jefferson Davis Monument As- 
sociation to deliver the oration on the occasion of 
laying- the corner stone of this monument in Rich- 
mond on the 2nd of July, reunion time. 



100 



Confederate l/eterap. 



In describing- the "Rebel Yell," the New York 
Sun tells of the exhibition on canvas of Stonewall 
Jackson's picture before an audience of Southerners 
in Chickering Hall recently, and adds: 

No sooner had the heroic Southern leader's fea- 
tures been flashed upon the sheet than they leaped 
to their feet and let out that rebel jell as if it had 
been lighting: to get out for years. It sounds more 
like ''Yi-yi-yi" than anj^thing else, but any adequate 
description of it is impossible. There is a sort of 
soul-shaking- cadence about it that strikes in deep. 
The best tribute to the effect with which it was 
given last night is that a policeman, who had 
stepped into the lobby, came up the stairs, four 
steps at a time, when he heard it. 

The Veteran objects to the "Yi-yi-yi,'' and de- 
nies the assertion that "If you see it in the Sun, it's 
so." The Rebel Yell is only like — the rebel yell. 



The Wilmington Messenger demurs to a state- 
ment sent out from Richmond by the "Confederate 
Memorial Society," that "The Old North State 
gave more soldiers than almost any other State," 
and it inquires "Why qualify it by almost?" 

It is certain that she sent 126,000 men. The Ad- 
jutant General of the State says 130,000. There 
are some errors in the published Roster of North 
Carolina troops by repeating names — men who were 
transferred from infantry to cavalry or to artillery 
or vice versa. The Roster in this way makes it 
more than 131,000 soldiers. But omitting all care- 
less errors, this State sent to the war not less than 
125,000, and we think 126,000 would be nearer the 
mark. The War Records, published by the Federal 
Government, show that over 16,000 of her men were 
killed or mortally wounded, and that over 41,000 
died from various causes. A State that lost 41,000 
men can well claim to have sent more than any 
other State. In fact, neither Georgia, nor Tennes- 
see, claims to have sent so many soldiers as North 
Carolinians know that their State gave to the noble 
and glorious cause. So it is not "almost," but al- 
together the State that had most soldiers. 



An Arkansas paper bearing the inelegant name of 
"Kicker" is credited with this proffered welcome to 
those who seek this sunnier clime: 

It is the same old South that was created in the 
beginning by God Almighty and endowed with the 
richest resources of the creative hand. 

When you come South, take the people as you 
find them — smash your egotism and act like a 
sensible man, and you will find a hospitable recep- 
tion. Don't come down here with notions of teach- 
ing our people what fools they have been, for you 
are liable to get fooled yourself. Throw your prej- 
udices aside, come and go to work and get acquaint- 
ed with the people. It requires honest work to make 
a living here as well as anywhere else, and if you 
are looking for a "soft snap," we don't want you. 
But if you are honest, gentlemanW and industrious, 
you can succeed better here than anywhere else. 



"They Are From My Home." — The Veteran 
seizes opportunity to mention the name, Miss Eliza- 
beth F. Price, of Nashville, now in Berlin, Germany, 
who contributes an exceedingly interesting article 
to the Daily American. Miss Price has been sec- 
ond to no other in zealous advocacy of the Veteran 
since its beginning. She is a pupil of Moritz 
Moszkowski. The Miss Kirkman mentioned is also 
from Nashville. In the article Miss Price states: 

* * * It is music all the time, everywhere. 
One cannot help being musical in such an atmos- 
phere. It struck Jeannie Kirkman and myself as 
being rather comical that we sallied forth upon a 
stormy night of snow and slush and general dis- 
comfort to hear the Jubilee Singers at the Hotel 
de Rome, on the Linden. We pay 12/4 cents to 
hear Nickish's great orchestra, but 50 cents to hear 
our Jubilee Singers. It was so like home, the be- 
loved South, to hear the colored people sing, that 
the tears came to my eyes. It made me so home- 
sick I had an irresistible impulse to say to the Deuts- 
chers around me, "They are from my home." 
"Swing Low, Sweet Chariot' and "Steal Away" 
never sounded half so sweet at home as they did in 
this far off land. 



COL. JOHN W. "DUNNINGTON. 



In the tribute to the 
gallant Dunnington, 
page 84, in March 
Veteran, there were 
some errors. Col. J. 
W. Dunnington was 
appointed Midship- 
man, April 10, 1849, 
received commission 
as Past Midshipman, 
Jan. 12, 1855, commis- 
sion as Master, Sept. 
1855, and commission 
as Lieutenant in 1850. 
Semmes' " Service 
Afloat" page 803, re- 
cords that in reorgan- 
ization of the James 
River Fleet in 1865, 
Capt. Dunnington was 
incommandof the Vir- 
ginia, ironclad flagship, five guns. The blowing up 
of that flagship (Virginia) April, 1865, was ordered 
by Semmes and executed by Dunnington. After the 
blowing up of the James River Fleet, Semmes re- 
organized his naval forces into two regiments and 
Dunnington was appointed Colonel of one of them. 
Surrendered with Semmes at Greensboro, N. C, 1865. 




Mrs. Emma Schiller, of Goodlettsville, Tenn., 
desires information in regard to her brother, West 
Northcutt, who enlisted in '61 at Woodbury, Tenn., 
joining Capt. Jeff St. John's Company. Mrs. 
Schiller has never learned the fate of her brother. 



Confederate 1/eteraD. 



101 



STILL MAD WITH THE "REBEL FLAG." 

N. V. Randolph, of the R. E. Lee Camp, Rich- 
mond, Va. , gives some reminiscences of experience 
with the Philadelphia Brigade. That brigade had 
extended some courtesies to the Virginians at Get- 
tysburg and an invitation was extended the Penn- 
sylvanians to come to Richm >nd. He says: 

When the arrangements were all made for their 
parade from the Capitol Square to Hollywood, the 
Philadelphia Brigade refused to march in line with 
Lee Camp's flag-, and gave as a reason that the 
United States tlag that they bad was borrowed, and 
the party lending stipulated that it should not 
march inline with a REBEL FLAG (it appears 
that the Philadelphia Brigade did not own a Bag, 
therefore, borrowed one). After more than an 
hour's delay and considerable bad feeling, they sent 
their Bag back to the Exchange Hotel and borrowed 
,i United States Bag in Richmond. They did, how- 
ever, march with the Lee ramp Bag, and. if my 
memory serves me right, also with the old colors of 
the Seventeenth Virginia. When they returned to 
Philadelphia the accounts given of this episode in 
the Pennsylvania papers were simply outrage »us. 
The hospitality extended them was not appreciated, 
and one paper that I saw gave as a reason that the 
"unreconstructed Rebels hated the Union uniform, 
and had never become reconciled with the boys in 
blue." **** * * *'* 

For my part, I have no animosity against any 
American who, from a sense of duty, served in the 
Union army, and Lee Camp, the organization to 
which I belong, has perhaps spent as much as 
$10,000 in entertaining various Grand Army posts 
who have visited Richmond in the past twelve 
years. In fact, one of the principles of our organ- 
ization is "to extend the right hand of fellowship 
to our late adversaries on all fitting occasions." 
But when we entertain any body of Northern men 
who misrepresent and insult us, I, for one, do not 
propose to be in the same situation the second time, 
and I trust that the old soldiers of Richmond, at 
least, will let the Philadelphia Brigade Association 
alone. Our recent experience with General Walker, 
of the Grand Army, ought to be sufficient to pre- 
vent any ex-Confederate from participating in a 
blue-and-gray reunion as long as such men are at 
the head of affairs. I dislike to stir up bad blood, 
but we have nothing to be ashamed of in our past 
record, and can well afford to let the Philadelphia 
Brigade alone to celebrate their own glorious deeds 
on the battlefield of Gettysburg. We can afford to 
rest on our laurels for the deeds of the Confederate 
soldiers on that memorable occasion without cele- 
brating it with a body of men that accepted our 
hospitality, and then vilified us on their return. 



i:k ax deplores its inefficiency in serving him in his 
laudable desire, while. detracting not from the valor 
of any, to have the truth known as to the merits of 
all. It was too late to avoid using that map, after 
testing its inefficiency on line paper. This is better. 



The paper of Hon. Andrew J. Baker, Land Com- 
missioner of Texas, in regard to certain commands 
at Gettysburg, has a ma]' page too much reduced 
to be of any service. This patriotic comrade has 
given much attention to this subject and the Vet- 



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In a letter upon the subject Mr. Baker si. 
The truth is. 1 wanted to show so clearly. 1>\ 
reference to the position of Davis' Brigade in my' 
letter, together with the Bachelor Map, that the 
error which has crept into the public mind was due 
to failure of a division's report, and, as a fact, known 
to myself and others that at least some of my re- 
giment, the Eleventh Mississippi, part of Davis' 
Brigade, went over the stone fence and upon the 
ridge where the first line of Federal batteries had 
been stationed, but now completely demolished. 

The accuracy ot that map is accepted by both 
sides as satisfactory, anil it sustains Mr. Baker's 
statements. In conclusion, hi' is kind enough to say: 

Now, ray dear comrade, I know too well that 
your great desire is to obtain the truth and that y ■ >u . 
in the light of that fact, will appreciate what I 
have written simply as an effort to magnify the 
question up to its real merit, and no more, and not in 
any spirit of complaint, because I have no complaint 
in any possible way. 



102 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



GEN. AND MRS. BRAXTON BRAGG. 

In a letter by Mrs. Ben Hardin Helm, while at 
New Orleans, she added the postscript: "I am to 
have a visit from Mrs. Braxton Bragg this morning. 
It will be interesting. " The statement was interest- 
ing. The Veteran did dot know of her existence. 
Subsequently, the opportunity to visit the wife of 
that distinguished officer was gladly improved, and 
realizing how much of pleasure a visit from her 
would give, he assured her that the people of Nash- 
ville would be gratified to make her a guest of the 
city She replied, "I would gladly have accepted 
an invitation to the Chickamauga Park dedication." 
Astounded at the omission, he turned to the other 
ladv present in the hope of an apologetic word 
from her, and realizing that she, tco, had been 
neglected — not to say ignored, although represent- 
ing one of the noblest families in the South, and 
for whose husband the government had consecrated 
a monument, although he gave his life for the 
Confederacy, — greater diligence for the recognition 
of our women in the war was resolved upon. 



spent the first four years at Jefferson Barracks, 
afterward at Fort Gibson and Wachita. 



The following sketch of General and Mrs. Bragg 
is by Mrs. Emily Todd Helm, of Elizabethtown, Ky. : 

Braxton Bragg, son of Thomas Bragg, was born 
at Warrenton, Warren County, N. C, the 21st of 
March, 1817, and died at Galveston, Texas, aged 
fifty-nine years, eight months and five days. His 
■death was sudden. The papers stated at the time, 
that he died of heart failure, but his family physi- 
cian said it was paralysis of the brain. 

Gen. Bragg entered the Military Academy at 
West Point in 1834, and graduated in 1838, among 
the distinguished five in his class, and was appoint- 
ed Lieutenant in the Third Artillery, United States 
Army. His first military service was rendered in 
Florida, under General Zachary Taylor, in the Semi- 
nole War, and at its close he was stationed at Fort 
Moultrie, South Carolina. 

In 1846 Gen. Bragg was ordered to Corpus Christi 
to join his old commander, General Taylor, whose 
forces were then assembled against Mexico. Gen. 
Bragg was engaged in all the battles and was par- 
ticularly distinguished at the battle of Buena Vista, 
when Gen. Taylor reported that by the skilfullness 
of his artillery, Gen. Bragg had "saved the day." 
After the Mexican War, he resigned the position of 
Lieutenant Colonel, to which he had been promoted. 

On June 7, 1849, he married Eliza B. Ellis, the 
eldest daughter of Richard Gaillard Ellis. The 
marriage took place at the family residence, "Ever- 
green Plantation," Parish of Terre Bonne, La., the 
Rev. John Sandel officiating. Mrs. Bragg was a 
beautiful girl, as the pictures taken of her at that time 
testify. Her father was a sugar and cotton planter. 
She was born in Adams County, Miss., and was 
a schoolmate of Mrs. Jefferson Davis, who was born 
in the same county. Mrs. Bragg's girlhood was 
chiefly spent at Natchez. After her marriage she 




GEN. BRAXTON BRAGG. 

It was in the fall of 1855 that Gen. Bragg left 
the United States service and settled on a sugar 
plantation in Lafourche, La. They made that their 
home until the beginning of the war between 
the States, when he was elected, in Louisiana, Com- 
missioner of Public Works of the Second District, 
and inaugurated a complete system of levees and 
drainage. This position he resigned to accept a 
position as Brigadier General, which was one of the 
first of President Davis' military appointments after 
the organization of the Southern Confederacy. He 
first served at Pensacola. 

In 1862, Gen. Bragg was engaged in the battle of 
Shiloh, and after the death of Gen. Albert Sidney 
Johnston, he was made a full General. When Gen. 
Beauregard was called to the defence of Charleston, 
S. C, Bragg succeeded to the command of the 
Army of Tennessee and made the memorable march 
into Kentucky, and afterward fought the battle of 
Chickamauga, where he gained a decisive victory. 
He was afterward Military Adviser of President 
Davis, stationed at Richmond. 

At the time of General Bragg's death he was In- 
spector of Railroads in Texas. He had no children. 
His widow is now living in New Orleans with her 
brother, Major Ellis. She lived on her plantation 
at Lafourche during the war, until she was com- 
pelled to leave by the invasion of Weitzel's troops. 
After December, 1860, Gen. Bragg never returned 
co or saw his home again, as it was confiscated and 
sold. Mrs. Bragg made an effort to re:over it, as it 



Confederate l/eterao. 



103 



was her patrimony, but she was "not regarded as 
his legal heir!" She said to me: 

"I remained on the plantation until a few hours 
before the enemy came, leaving- about 120 or 130 
negroes on the place. The officer said he could not 
restrain his men, but at all events the house was pil- 
laged and everything broken up, even the feather 
beds cut open and carpets torn from the floors 
and every animal that was not killed was carried 
away. After a few days I returned to the scene of 
desolation and asked the officer why he had not 
burned the house, and he replied that he had saved 
it to shelter the poor oppressed negroes in my ser- 
vice. There was nothing' to be done, so I joined 
Gen. Bragg a few days before the battle of Mur- 
freesboro. I had not then seen him for a year and 
a half (while he was at Pensacola I had paid him a 
visit). I was taken ill with typhoid fever after 
this, and my life was despaired of at Tullahoma, 
where I was carried. Gen. Btagg returned to New 
Orleans afterj the surrender and died, as has been 
stated, in Galveston, Texas." 




UBS. 1 LISE B. BB IlGG 

Mrs. Bragg, since his death, has lived in strict 
retirement, spending the winters in New Orleans; 
the summers in the mountains of Virginia. Stately, 
dignified, a handsome woman, remarkably courte- 
ous and elegant in her manner, a fine conversa- 
tionalist, she interests herself in all the topics of 
the day— in other words an up to date woman. 

The writer knew General Bragg personally. 
Under a very reticent, reserved manner hi' had a 
kind heart, lie had little to say, hut his conversa 
tion was marked by dignity. His only hope for the- 



country, he once said, was the "Northern Demo- 
crats," which, if they failed to impress proper ideas, 
left the South no alternative but to "fight it out." 
He bore the loss of his own private interests with 
an undisturbed demeanor and asked no sympathy 
when he was criticized, nor would he ever answer 
any attack made upon his war record, saying, when 
urged. _ "Some day the truth will be known, and my 
acts will appear in a different light." The mem- 
ory of Gen. Bragg has yet to obtain the meed of jus- 
tice to his merits as a soldier, never fully accorded 
to him during- life. He had a single hearted pa- 
triotism; no one could doubt the purity of his stain- 
less honor or his unflexible integrity. With high 
moral, as well as physical courage, regardless of 
self, incapable of falsehood or duplicity, no tempta- 
tion could divert him from that which he deemed 
the path of duty. Gen. Bragg was buried at Mo- 
bile, Ala., where he had an older brother, Judge 
John Bragg. The late ex-Governor Thomas Bragg, 
of North Carolina, was also a brother. 



<;en. bragg's interest in his suffering soldiers. 
It is fitting in connection with the brief but care- 
fully prepared sketch of General and Mrs. Bragg-, 
to show something of his interest in the sick and 
wounded of his splendid army. The letters pay 
tribute specially to his Medical Director, Dr. S. H. 
Stout, and are given the more cordially because of 
his eminent merit to distinction. It must have been 
an oversight that stronger recognition has not been 
given him in the United Confederate Veterans. Dr. 
Stout has carefully preserved all these years the 
official reports belonging to his department, and 
there certainly ought to be provided means to ena- 
ble him to put them in proper condition to be pre- 
served in the South's Battle Abbey, that certainly 
will be erected at no very distant day. Comrades 
should look to this important matter with diligence. 

I'TKKS FROM .,] M i: \I. BB M.'l. 

Warm Springs, Ga., 2nd Jan'y, 1864. 

M\ Dear Sir: Among the many kind expres- 
sions of regret and confidence received by me since 
retiring from official position, none have excited a 
livelier interest or given me more pleasure than your 
note. To have secured the good will and esteem of 
those who have suffered most in our cause and of 
their humane and self-sacrificing attendants, whose 
only return is a consciousness of duty well done, is 
no small reward to one whose stern discharge of 
duty more often offended than propitiated. 

Your note will be preserved as a treasure I did not 
expect, and do not even claim to deserve, but which 
is the more grateful therefor. The operations of 
the Hospital Department of our Army of Tenn., 
especially since systematized by you. I have always 
claimed as perfect, so far as our means allowed, and 
1 have every reason to belii > e it is considered b] 
government as superior to any in the count n 
hope you will find it agreeable to continue your ser- 
vice, so grateful to the soldier and so beneficial to 
the army. 



104 



Confederate l/eterai}. 



Rest assured. Doctor, that one of the most pleas- 
ant associations of my official life has been with 
you and your corps of able assistants, and that it 
"will be my pleasure and my duty to bear that testi- 
mony. In this connection I enclose you a short ex- 
tract from my report of Chickamauga. It expresses 
in but feeble terms my appreciation of your services. 

May you ere long- enjoy the plaudits of the coun- 
try, and continue to reap the reward of faithful 
stewards. I am very respectfully and truly yours, 

Braxton Bragg. 

To Surg. S. H. Stout, Med. Direct, of Hospitals, 
Atlanta, Ga. 

The "extract" mentioned is as follows: 

"The medical officers both in the field and in the 
hospitals, earned the lasting- gratitude of the sol- 
dier, and deserve the highest commendation. The 
great number of wounded thrown on their hands 
taxed every energy and every faculty, with means 
greatly inadequate, especially in transportation, 
they soon reduced confusion into order, and by as- 
siduity and skill, afforded to the sufferers that tem- 
poral relief for which they might look in vain to 
any other source." 

ANOTHER LETTER YEARS AFTER THE WAR. 

N. Orleans, 20 June, 1870. 

Dear Doctor: In conversation with some of 
your friends here, I have been gratified to learn that 
you saved the greater part of the valuable records, 
mostly medical, which you made with so much labor 
during the war. 

There was no part of the organization of the 
Army of Tenn. so satisfactory to me as the Medi- 
cal Department, and especially of the Hospital De- 
partment. When I left the army and went to Rich- 
mond, such was the contrast, and so strong were my 
comments, that the Surgeon General sent to obtain, 
information, and one of the lady matrons there, Miss 
Emily Mason, of Va., came out to see and be in- 
formed. She returned full of enthusiasm, and reor- 
ganized her hospital. It has occurred to us that a 
connected history, based on your records, would be 
very valuable. I should take great pride in it, and 
believe it would reflect great credit upon the Army 
of Tenn. 'Very truly yours, 

Braxton Bragg, 
Prest. So. Hist. Society. 

note from dr. stout. 

447 Lewis Ave., Dallas, Tex., Mar. 10, 1896. 

It has been a cherished object ever since the close 
of the war to do just what Gen'l Bragg suggests in 
the above "extract" from his letter of June 20, 1896. 
But the necessity of my winning daily bread, and 
inability to hire a clerk or an amanuensis have pre- 
vented me. Now that I am 74 years of age I have 
no hope of accomplishing the proposed task without 
pecuniary assistance. 

S. H. Stout, M.D., LL.D. 



In his personal memoirs Gen. Grant wrote of 
Gen. Bragg: Bragg was a remarkably intelligent 
and well-informed man, professionally and other- 
wise. He was thoroughly upright. A man of the 
highest moral character and the most correct habits, 
yet in the old army he was in frequent trouble. He 



illustrated with this funny story: In the old army 
he was in command of his company and made a re- 
quisition of the quartermaster — and he was himself 
that official also. As quartermaster he declined to 
fill the requisition, and in his dilemma he referred 
the whole matter to the commanding officer, who ' 
exclaimed, "My God Bragg, you have quarrelled 
with every officer in the army, and now you are 
quarelling with yourself!" 

Gen. Bragg's record brightens with the passing 
decades. Speakers and writers become the fonder 
of 'paying tribute to his high character. Some 
time ago Capt. George B. Guild, ex-Mayor of Nash- 
ville, in addressing the Forbes Bivouac at Clarks- 
ville, concluded his remarks with a tribute to him: 

* * * He died without giving us any written 
account of his campaign, as Gens. Johnston, Hood 
and others did. The most noted battles fought by 
the Army of Tennessee were when he was its Com- 
mander-in-Chief — Perry ville, Murfreesboro and 
Chickatnauga. That these battles were well planned 
and all of their immense details executed with skill, 
soldierly courage, none can deny. Every soldier in 
his army knows that when Bragg made his ar- 
rangements to fight, somebody was sure to be hurt. 
That he failed to take advantage of his victories 
was a seeming weak point in his military character, 
but we might be mistaken in this. Take Chicka- 
mauga, for instance. He had to commence with 
42,000 men; on Sunday night after the battle 17,000 
of these were dead or wounded. After two days of 
hard fighting, soldiers know there are large num- 
bers of stragglers even from a victorious army. 
Some regiments were almost annihilated, with all 
of their officers killed or wounded, and heavy details 
were necessary to care for the killed and wounded, 
as well as prisoners. All of these causes certainly 
reduced his fighting force to one half of the 42,000, 
so he could not have marched to the attack of the 
fortifications at Chattanooga on Monday with more 
that 20,000 muskets. * * * 

When Bragg was relieved of the command of the 
Army of Tennessee it must, indeed, have been hu- 
miliating to his proud, patriotic spirit, but he con- 
tinued to render efficient service to the cause of the 
South to the end. One of the most brilliant affairs 
of the war was accomplished by him at Kingston. 
N. C, but a short time before the surrender, and 
when the Confederacy was staggering to its fall. 
With a small force he attacked a superior number 
of the enemy under Gen. Cox and driving them 
about three "miles, captured 1,500 prisoners and 
three field pieces. 

Had the South succeeded, no name would have 
stood higher on the roll of honor and none would 
our people have taken more hearty pleasure in hon- 
oring. The cause is lost and the questions origi- 
nating it are forever settled. Still there are sweet 
and living memories arising from its dust that will 
forever embalm in sacred remembrance the names 
of those who shared with us our triumphs and de- 
feats, our sorrows and privations. And to no name 
will memory oftener recur with patriotic pride and 
true Southern devotion, than Gen. Braxton Bragg. 



Confederate l/eterar? 



105 



THE DAUGHTERS IN SAVANNAH, GA. 



have remained steadfast and true these thirty years." 
A copy of this picture adorns the Veteran office. 



The Daughters of the Confederacy at Savannah, 
ever diligent in the good work that belongs to them, 
held an important meeting that should have had 
attention in the February Veteran. 

The programme opened with an instrumental 
solo by Miss Bates. Mr. Samuel Baker recited an 
original poem on Gettysburg - . A song, "Two Old 
Maids," by little Misses Dora Rawls and Bessie 
Proctor, was so well received that they had to 
respond a second time, rendering the "Kissing 
Song." Mrs. Finnie sang very sweetly, "O Prom- 
ise Me." 

Father Ryan's "In Memoriam," by Miss Laura 
Baker, was so much appreciated that she was called 
to the stage a second time. Miss Georgia Howard 
and Mr. James Beal sang Schubert's Serenade. 

In behalf of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
Hon. Pope Barrow presented to the Confederate 
Veteran Association a handsome steel engraving 
of Gens. Lee, Jackson and Johnston. 

"I have the honor now to present you the picture 
of three of your comrades — Lee, Johnston and 
Jackson. Lee, the peerless soldier and incompara- 
ble man; Jack-sou. the enthusiastic warrior, with 
whom military affairs were an instinct, and John- 
ston, the Fabius of the Confederacy. 

"It is yours; a gift of the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy. May the day never come when a loyal 
citizen of the South, man, woman or child, shall 
look on those faces without a feeling ol veneration." 

"The Confederate Veterans 1 Association will cher- 
ish and prize this picture not simply be< ause it rep- 
resents the trio of the greatest soldiers the world 
lias ever seen, but because it shows that the women 





DOCE OF OCEAN Ml \M-lll P 



SAVANNAH, 8A 



CONFEDERATE Mom mini \i -\\ \s\\ll. 

There was a large number of the Daughters ol 
the Confederacy present, and a delightful entertain- 
ment was given. The Veterans were their guests. 

At their recent annual 
meeting the Daughters of 
the Confederacy eld 
the following officers for 
the ensuing year: Presi- 
dent. Mrs. L. H. Raines; 
Vice-President, Mrs. II 
S. Dreese; Secretary, Mrs. 
Horace Crane: Treasurer, 
Miss Anna Harmon. 

Mrs. Raines and Mis> 
Harmon were re-elected, 
they having served since 
the society was organized. 
Mrs. Raines presented the 
society a gavel which was 
cut from a tree in front of 
the house of Gen. R. E. 
Lee, when he was presi- 
dent of the Washington- 
Lee 1'niversity at Lexing- 
ton. This was a counter- 
part of the handsome gavel 
which she presented to the 
United Daughters of the 
Confederacy on the occa- 
sion of their meeting in 
Atlanta, Ga., on Novem- 
ber 9th. 



106 



Confederate l/eterap. 



HEROINES OF THE SOUTH. 
By B. L. Ridley, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

General Stephen D. Lee, who was most loyal to 
the Stars and Bars, when asked by a Federal offi- 
cer, after his surrender at Vicksburg, why the 
Southern people did not give up, is reported to have 
replied: "Because the women of the South would 
never agree to it." General A. P. Stewart speaks 
of them -"as a race unsurpassed for heroism, for 
deeds of charity and loving kindness, for self-sacri- 
ficing and patriotic devotion to the cause of their 
country, for unswerving constancy and perseverance 
in what they knew to be right, and the uncomplain- 
ing fortitude with which they accepted defeat and 
all its adverse consequences." To show the blood 
that was in them, from wealth they met the condi- 
tions that confronted them and submitted to sacri- 
fices cheerfully, going to the wash tub, the spindle 
and the loom to support the widowed mothers and 
crippled fathers and kindred, until our Southland 
blossoms with a heroine in nearly every home. 

I have read of the heroines in Napoleon's Court, 
"Families of Cleopatra's enchantresses who charm 
posterity, who had but to smile at history to obtain 
history's smile in return;" Mesdames Tallien, De 
Stael, Recamier, Charlotte Corday, of the deeds of 
Joan d'Arc, of Mollie Pitcher and Deborah Samp- 
son of our Revolution, and Florence Nightingale of 
England, but when I draw the line of comparison I 
can point to women whose names and fame "in the 
War between the States" will surpass them in acts 
and deeds that will only die with the echo of time. 

The battle of 
Nashville gave 
us a heroine 
whose name 
General Hood 
placed on the 
roll of honor, 
"Miss Mary 
Bradford," now 
Mrs. John Johns. 
When Thomas' 
Army was pour- 
ing the musketry 
into us and 
Hood's Army 
was in full re- 
treat, she rushed 
out in the thick- 
est of the storm- 
cloud and beg- 
ged the soldiers 

MRS. MARY BRADFORD JOHNS. tO Stop and fight. 

The famous raid of General Streight with two 
thousand men, near Rome, Ga., resulting in his 
capture through the intrepidity of a Miss Emma 
Sanson, was an instance of female prowess long to 
be remembered. Amidst the flying bullets, thrilled 
with patriotism, she jumped on behind Gen. Forrest 
and piloted him across the Black Warrior. The Leg- 
islature of Alabama granted her land, and the peo- 
ple lauded her to the skies. When Hood's Army, 
on the Nashville campaign, passed Gadsden, this 






MBS. KATE KYLE. 



young lady stood on her porch 

and the army went wild with 

cheers in her honor. 

Another heroine in General 

Morgan's cavalry tramp, on the 

line of Kentucky and Tennes- 
see, grew to be a terror in her 

section. She was as expert in 

horsemanship as a Cossack, 

dressed in men's clothes and 

handled a gun with the skill of 

a cracksman. She bore the 

name of "Sue Munday," had miss emma Sanson. 

many encounters and her career was exceedingly 

romantic. 

The old scouts in the West 

■ will renumber two other her- 
Joines through whose aid we 
Hwere ofien saved from attack 
?and told when and where to 
•strike. Miss Kate Patterson, 
J now Mrs. Kyle, of Lavergne, 
jTenn., and Miss Robbie 
i Wood ruff, who lived ten miles 
'from Nashville. They would 
jgo into Nashville, get what 
information was needed and 
place it in a designated tree, 
stump or log to be conveyed 

to us by our secret scouts. I have often wondered 

if the diagram of works around Nashville found on 

the person of Sam Davis was not gotten through 

them, notwithstanding the impression received 

that it was stolen from Gen. Dodge's table by a 

negro boy. Miss Woodruff thrilled the scouts by 

her many perilous achievements. 
But I have a 

heroine of the 

mountains who de- 
veloped in war 

times, yet on ac 

count of her ob- 

scure habitation 

and the bitter 

heartburnings ex- 
isting between the 

two factions, so 

nearly divided in 

her section, that 

history has not yet 

given her name 

merited fame. I 

got her record from 

the Rev. J. H. 

Nichols, who lived 

in her section of 

Putnam C o u nty, 

three miles from 

Cookeville, Tenn. 

Her name was 

Miss Marina Gun- 

ter, now Mrs. Joe 

Harris. Her fath- 
er, Larkin Gunter, 

was a Southern 

man, and some 




MRS. MARINA GUNTER HARRIS 



Confederate l/eterar; 



107 



bushwhackers, claiming- to belong- to the Federal 
Army, resolved to kill him. One nig-ht three of 
them, Maxwell, Miller and Patton, visited his home 
and told him, in the presence of his family, that his 
time had come to die. They took him out from the 
house and in a short time this maiden of seventeen 
heard the licks and her old father's groans, when 
she rushed to the wood- pile, got an axe and hur- 
riedly approached the scene. The night was dark 
and drizzly, and the men were standing- by a log-, 
on which they had placed her father and he was 
pleading for his life. She killed two with the axe 
and broke the third one's arm. He got away at 
lightning speed, but afterwards died from the 
wound. She lifted up her father and helped him 
home. Soon she sought and obtained protection 
from the Federal General at Nashville. She said 
afterwards, that upon hearing her father's groans 
she grew frantic and does not know, to this good 
day, how she managed it, nor did she know any- 
thing until she had cleaned out the platter. This 
is the greatest achievement of female heroism of its 
kind that has ever been recorded, and places Miss 
Gunter on the pinnacle of glory that belongs not 
alone to patriotism, but to the grandeur of filial 
affection "the tie that stretches from the cradle to 
the grave, spans the Heavens and is riveted through 
eternity to the throne of God on high." 

They talk about Sheri- 
dan's ride but let me tell of 
one that strips it of its grand- 
eur — the famous run of Miss 
Antoinette Polk, displaying 
a heroism worthy of imper- 
ishable record. She was on 
the Hampshire Turnpike, a 
few miles from Columbia, 
Tetin., when some one in- 
formed her of the Federals' 
contemplated visit to her 
father's home on the Mt. 
Pleasant Pike live miles 
across — said pikes forming 
in obtuse angle from Col- 
umbia. She knew that 
some soldier friends at her 
father's would be captured 
unless they had notice, and 
in order to inform them, she had to go across the 
angle that was barricaded many times with high 
rail and rock fences. There was no more superb 
equestrienne in the valley of the Tennessee — and 
she was of magnificent physique. She had a thor- 
oughbred horse trained to her bidding. The young 
lady started, leaping the fences like a reindeer, and 
came out on the pike just in front of the troopers, 
four miles from home. They took after her, but 
her foaming steed was so fleet of foot, that she got 
away from them in the twinkling- of an eye, and 
saved her friends from capture. 



Anthony Wayne, of Revolutionary fame, and who 
was Comander-in-Chief of the army at the time of 
his death, and whose father was a son of a brave 
officer in the French and Indian war, while his di- 




Mlss \V|(iI\KTT> POLK. 



[Supplemental to the above iii" following is furnishi 
a lady who has known the Countess Bince their girlhood. 

Antoinette Wayne Van Leer Polk is the full name 
of this brave girl, given in honor of her maternal 
grandfather, who was a nephew of Major ( leneral 




rect ancester was a distinguished soldier in the 
Battle of the Boyne, so that on both sides she was 
of heroic blood. 

She was not fully grown when she took this 
famous ride. After the war she went abroad with 
her father and mother ami finished her education in 
Europe. The health of her father, Andrew Jack- 
son Polk, having failed when in the Confederate 
Army, he grew worse and died in Switzerland. 

Miss Polk hail a most brilliant young- ladyhood 
abroad, principally in Rome, where she was beloved 
by the Princess Margarite, and universally admired. 
She married a distinguished French soldier of the 
old regime, the Marquis de Charette de la Contrie, 
like herself, of Heroic stock, and has her home in 
France. She has one son, a youth of great promise. 



I recollect another heroine, a Lieut. Buford of an 
Arkansas regiment. She stepped and walked the 
personification of a soldier boy; had won her spurs 
on the battlefield at Hull Run, Fort Donelson, and 
Shiloh, and was promoted for gallantry. One even- 
ing she came to General Stewart's headquarters, at 
Tvner's Station, with an order from Maj. Kinloch 
Falconer to report for duty as scout, but upon his 
finding that "he" was a woman, she was sent back 
and the order revoked. She has written a book. 



108 



Confederate 1/eteraQ 



.^i'^i^y^ ^ 




SH-UHOO.H I* MEMPHIS. 
DEFKKKNCE OF SOLDIERS TO.I.IEUT. .BUFO 

In point of devotion and of nursing - our soldiers 
in distress, the sick, the wounded, the women of 
the South were all "Florence Nigh ting-ales." It 
would be invidious to discriminate, but I will men- 
tion some of the other noteworthy deeds. I have 
another heroine — bless her sweet soul. I have for- 
gotten her name. One day General Morgan sent a 
squad of us on a scout and we were pursued by 
Col. Funkerhauser's Regiment in Denny's Bend of 
Cumberland River, near Rome, Tenn. My heroine, 
a little girl of fourteen, directed us to Bradley Is- 
land for safety — a place of some sixty acres in cul- 
tivation, but on the river side it was encircled by a 
sandbar, with drift wood lodged on an occasional 
stubby sycamore. This sweet, animated little girl 
brought us a "square" meal, and watched for our 
safety like a hawk during the day. Thinking it 
was a foraging expedition, and that they were 
gone, we ventured to leave late in the afternoon, 
but ran into them and a running fire ensued. After 
eluding pursuit, we concluded to go back. In a 
short time a company of Federals appeared on the 
island, evidently having tracked our horses. We left 
the horses behind the driftwood, without hitching, 
and took shelter under a big fallen tree. The 
troopers were in ten steps of us at times. We could 
hear them distinctly, and one fellow said: "If we 
catch 'em boys, this is a good place to hang 'em." 
Another said, "Let's go down in the driftwood on 
the sandbar, and bag 'em." Hearts thumped and 
legs trembled! We thought we were gone. One 
of our squad said, "Let's give up," but the rest of 
us were too badly scared to reply. A frightened 
rabbit stopped near us, panting, watching and 
trembling with fear, producing a mimetic effect on 
our feelings. Ah, if a painter could have pictured 
that scene, and if a pen could describe that occasions 
We lay there until nightfall. They did not hap- 
pen to see our horses and, through a kind Provi- 
dence, we escaped. Our heroine came to us after 
nightfall, signalled and we answered. She was so 
happy over our escape; told us that she saw them 
leave and that they had no prisoners. She mount- 



ed her horse, followed on behind them to the toll- 
gate, two miles awaj r . and learned that they had re- 
turned to Lebanon, after which she returned to us, 
brought our supper and put us on a safe road. 

Such heroines the Southern soldiers met with 
often in the disputed territory of contending armies. 
They evidenced a devotion to country that only 
might and not right could subdue. 

There was another class more nearly comporting 
with female character; sock knitters, clothes makers, 
needle pliers, God servers, revelling in sentiment in 
touch with the times. From wealth they drank 
the dregs of poverty's cup, until now, for over thir- 
ty years, by frugality and dint of perseverance, 
they have been instrumental in our Southland's 
blessed resurrection. Female clerks, teachers, 
"Graph," 'phone and type machine operators, and 
other callings. From authoresses to cooks they at- 
test a courage and praiseworthiness that exceeds 
bellicose valor. To the old stranded Southern craft 
they have been mariners that make the world pause 
to see us moving again amid the councils of our 
common country, resuscitated, regenerated and dis- 
enthralled. Posterity will do them justice, histor- 
ians, poets and dramatists will chronicle their 
praises. Charlotte Corday's epitaph was "Greater 
than Brutus," but that of the Southern women will 
be, "Greater than Jackson, the Johnstons or Lee, 
greater than Jefferson Davis, greater than any other 
heroines of time." 

To impress more forcibly my idea of our women, 
I have a friend who has risen as a poet — Albert 
Sidney Morton, St. Paul, Minnesota, who has writ- 
ten, to go with this tribute, a poem on "The Women 
of the South." It is beautiful, thrilling and true. 
I give it through the Veteran to the public, to be 
handed down to posterity. 



THE WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 
Albert Sidney Morton, St. Paul, Minn. 



Not Homer dreamt, nor Milton sung 

Through his heroic verse, 
Nor Prentiss did with wondrous tongue, 

In silver tones, rehearse 
The grandest theme that ever yet 

Moved hrush, or tongue, or pen — 
A theme in radiant glory set 

To stir the souls of men — 
THE WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 

Of nascent charms that thrall the gaze. 

Of love's most pleasing pain, 
Ten thousand tuneful, lyric lays 

Have sung and sung again ; 
But I would sing of souls, of hearts 

Within those forms of clay, 
Of lives whose lustre yet imparts 

Fresh radiance to our day — 
THE WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 

When battle's fierce and lurid glare 

Lit up our shady glens ; 
When slaughter, agony, despair. 

Or Northern prison pens, 
Were portion of the sturdy son 

Of Southern mother true, 
Who prayed the battle might be won 

Of grey against the blue? — 
THE WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 

Our lads were true, our lads were brave, 
Nor feared the foemen's steel, 



Confederate l/eterar). 



109 



And thousands in a bloody grave 

Did true devotion seal ; 
But brightest star upon our shield, 

Undimmed without a stain. 
Is she who still refused to yieH 

Refused, alas, in vain — 
THE WOMAN ( >F THE SOUTH. 

We had no choice but to tight. 

While she was left to grieve 
We buttled for the truth and right 

Our freedom to achieve — 
Assured deal h we could embrace — 

But there is not yet born 
The Southern man who dares to face 

The silent withering scorn 
OF WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 

Who bade us go with smiling ti 
who scorned the renegade? 

Who. silencing t heir t rembling fears. 

Watched, cheered, t hen wepl and prayed '.' 
Who nursed our wounds with tender care, 

\ ml then, when all was lost, 
Who lifted us from our despair 

\nd counted not t lie cost ? 
THE WOMEN OF THE SOUTH. 

Then glory to the Lord of Hosts, — 
i es, glory to t he Lord, 

To Father. Son and Holy GllOBl 
And glory to 1 1 is Word ; 

To us is giv'n creation's prize — 

The masterpiece of I lim 
Who made the earth, the stars, i he skies. 

The war cloud's golden rim : — 
THE WoM F\ 01 'I'll E SOUTH. 

A. S. Morton, 

Disbursing' Aud- 
itor of the North- 
ern Pacific R. R., 
St. Paul, Minn, j, 
is becoming emi- 
nent in prose as 
well as poetry. Mr. 
Morton has just 
published a novel 
entitled, "Beyond 
the Paleocrystic 
Sea." a legfend, 
beautifully told, of 
a land b e y o a d 
" i Greenland's lev- 
Mountains. " It is 
well planned, 
unique in its pre- 
sentation and an 
entertaining' book. 
His poems, which 
have appeared in 
the Veteran, on 
"My Southern Home," "Too Brave to 
'The Women of the South," i in this 




"Pelhatn, 
Die," and 

number |, are an index to his literary worth. 
Mr. Morton was reared in Richmond, Va., 

is an ardent Southerner, but went West early. 



and 



The following lines were penned by John Ulen- 
denning and copied from the New York Dramatic 
Journal. While highlj complimentary, and de- 
servedly so, to the fair lady named, they should not 
appear in the Veteran without an explanatory note. 

The event occurred during the "stampede" of 



Hood's Army, and was not to the discredit of Con" 
federates The odds in numbers were so great that 
they could hardly have withstood the onslaught of 
the enemy in front, but that which created utter 
dismay was that they could see they were being 
flanked rapidly on their left, and they saw that 
nothing under the sun could save them from capture 
but their feet, and that they must be quick. All 
honor to the "Southern Heroine" who appealed to 
them, although to escape was their patriotic duty. 

"Stop, stop, stand firm. ( lonfederates ' 
Stop, stop, and give them light! 

Halt, for the honor of your homes. 
Halt, halt, for God and right ! 

What tlio' ye are outnumbered, 
Think of Thei mop] 

You have three hundred Soul hern swords. 

While the] i hi 3 had but three." 

Thus spake brave Mary Bradford, 

While bullets rained around, 
Holding, despite the Federal fire, 

Unflinching!] her ground 
Herbright eyes glowed with valor 

Beneat h her I resses dark. 
\> she stood befi ire t lie foemen 

Like a in idem Joan of Arc. 

Vgain her clarion notes rang out, 

■• I rait, men of Tennessee, 
For the dear honor of I he South, 

For the fame of Robert Lee' 

Halt, halt . and send I hese Yank. 
With Minie bullets bach ; 
; for the fame of Dixie's land ! 
I lharge I Whip i bis Northern park 

In vain t his Southern heroine 

Implored her men to St and, 

A lethargy numbed ever] heart 

And palsied every hand. 
I ler fair form stood out proudl] 
v^ainM the Yankee brood, 

And tho' a bullet grazed her cheek. 

She still undaunted ~iood. 

She cried, "Oh, brother Southerners. 
1 mourn lor your dismay ; 

You might have turned the tide of war, 

You might have gained I lie day. 
God LTiuit in future battles 

Your hearts will stronger grow, 

And make you Southwards turn your backs, 
Your laces to I lie Eoe." 
















Mm 





MRS, in- I I \ PRICE CATO. 



M Iss ROBBIE w <" IDBUFF. 



Since this article on Heroines of the South was 
written by Comrade Ridley, he has discovered his 
"unknown heroine." She was Formerly Miss Helen 
Price, but is now Mrs. Cato, and lives at Rome, Tenn. 



110 



Confederate l/eterai> 



According- to promise, the picture of Miss Jane 
Thomas is given in this VETERAN. The sketch in- 
tended has to be abbreviated, but other remi- 
niscences of the remarkable woman may be expected. 




-MISS JANE TlloM A •. 

Miss Thomas' father arrived where Nashville 
now is, Dec. 24, 1804. She, the fifth child, was a 
little tot four 3 ears old— born Sept. 2, 1800. 

During- nearly all of her eventful life she has 
lived in this County, when not in Nashville proper. 

She has known many of the National Presidents, 
and nearly all of the Governors of Tennessee. She 
kissed Lafayette, and Sam Houston was as her 
own brother. 

Away back in the other century, her father 
boarded in the house of Wm. Henry Harrison as a 
school boy, and his brother, Carter Harrison, vis- 
ited the Thomas family, coming across the country 
from Russellville, Ky. "Miss Jane," as she is fa- 
miliarly called, has given reminiscences of war 
times from which extracts are made: 

After the battle of Manassas I visited the hospi- 
tals in Virginia, stopping first at Lynchburg and 
then at Charlottesville. I then went to Staunton, 
to Bath Alum and thence to Warm Springs. Dr. 
William Bass went to Virginia with me. 

I remained at Warm Springs two months. Gen- 
eral Lee was camped on Gauley River near Cheat 
Mountain and Rosecrans was fortifying on the other 
side. Cheat Mountain was forty miles from Warm 
Springs and the sick soldiers were sent there in 
wagons. One day there ^ere three wagons full of 



soldiers, all with typhoid fever. Dr. Crump was the 
phisician in charg-e of the hospital and he asked me 
to go and see them. In one cottage there were 
only three beds and six patients. The men were 
surprised at seeing a lady. One of them was an 
elegant young physician. Dr. Robert Taylor, from 
Richmond, Va., and he belonged to Fitzhugh 
Lee's company of cavalry, made up of the aristo- 
cratic young men around Richmond. They were 
the "Virginia Rangers." I told to the young 
gentleman that I was an old lady, sixtj--three years 
old, and had gone all the way from Nashville to 
care for sick and wounded soldiers. 

Dr. Taylor was so very ill that I got a room in 
the hotel and had him moved to it and nursed him 
carefully for seven weeks. Afterward his sister, 
Mrs. Gen. Wickham, wrote me a beautiful letter, 
begging me to go and see them. Her brother had 
told them that I had "saved his life." 

I met many distinguished, elegant people while 
at Warm Springs — among them Gen. Lee's wife and 
daughter, Maj. Baskerville, Dr. Paul Carrington, 
Dr. Hunter, Lieut. Bassett, Col. Morris Langhorn. 

I went from there to Hot Springs, where Dr. J. 
R. Buist of Nashville had charge. Dr. Goode 
owned the place and his mother, in her beautiful 
home, made chicken soup and bread which I dis- 
tributed among the soldiers every day. Before I 
left home the ladies of Nashville had given me a 
large supply of clothing, food and medicines. 

Gen. Hatton was at Healing Springs, where I vis- 
ited also, but did not stay long. Our own boys 
who # were sick, and whom I nursed were Cad Polk, 
Sam* Van Leer, Jim Cockrill, Robert Moore, Robert 
Phillips and others. Bishop Cjuintard was there 
helping to nurse the soldiers, also. Capt. Beau- 
mont died at Warm Springs. His wife and niece, 
Miss Mary Boyd, were with him. 

Comrades would like to see "Miss Jane"at the Rich- 
mond reunion. The writer once offended our Presi- 
dent by asking his age, and again had bitter response 
when having ashed our first Secretary of War his 
age, though has he rarely made the mistake to discuss 
age with a lady. But he asked "Miss Jane" if she 
seemed old in those days, and she replied spiritedly, 
"No, sir, and I am not old now!" 



NUMBER OF CONFEDERATE GENERALS. 

Mr. Ben La Bree, of Louisville, refers to the dis- 
agreement in numbers of Confederate Generals re- 
ported in February Veteran: I notice twoRosteis 
of "Confederate Generals" compiled by Henry E. 
Claflin, Abington, Mass., and Charles Edgeworth 
Jones, Augusta, Ga., respectively, in which Mr. 
Claflin states that there were 420 Confederate Gen- 
erals. Full Generals, eight; Lieutenant Generals, 
seventeen; Major Generals, eighty-two; Brigadier 
Generals, 313. Mr. Jones states that there were 
474. * * * I find that there were 475 Generals 
who received an appointment, andranked as follows: 
Full Generals, eight; Lieutenant Generals, nine- 
teen; Major Generals, eighty-one; Brigadier Gen- 
erals, 367, total 475, many of these officers received 
their appointment toward the close of the war, but 
their rank failed to receive official confirmation. 



Qopfe derate l/eteran 



in 



DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS 



In the latter part of May. 1895, a few patriotic 
women of Vicksburg, daughters of Confederate sol- 
diers, issued invitations to their sisters to meet 
them at the residence of Miss Anne Andrews to 
consider a subject of importance. 




Ml" ES M.I l.K I 01 KM AN, \ 11 esburg, Miss. 

Accordingly quite a number assembled, and after 
discussion formed an organization under the title 
"Daughters of Confederate Veterans." Miss Es- 
telle Coleman was elected President; Miss Ruth 

Shearer. Vice-President; Mrs. Emily K. Smith, 
Recording Secretary; Miss Louise Mann, Corres- 
ponding Secretary; Miss Halpin, Treasurer. All 
are daughters Of well-known veterans. Charter 
members included the above officers and also tin- 
Misses Walthall, Adams, Askew, Maganas, Shel- 
ton. and Mrs. Geo. Rector. 

Miss Anne Andrews, the devoted and loyal woman 
who first suggested the organization, though her- 
self not a daughter of a veteran, was -unanimouslj 
elected an honorary member, with the distinct stip- 
ulation that she was to be the only one over ad- 
mitted into the Association. 

Like similar organizations, the chief aim of the 
"Daughters" is to keep alive the memory of South- 
ern heroism and preserve Southern history; and 
this it will endeavor to do by collecting valuable 
incidents and relics of the war, by visiting the sick 
and relieving the wants of any Confederates in our 
midst, and, if possible, build a home for them. 
Already we have several valuable relics, and have 
started a "chain - * for our "Home." 



No one is entitled to membership unless a daugh- 
ter of a Confederate veteran, and can prove the 
same indisputably, so. though many applications 
for membership are being received, "the growth of 
the Association is necessarily slow. Our member- 
ship carries an honored prestige-. 



COMMENTS ABOUT THE VETERAN. 



As this.number will be' sent to many who never saw 
a copy, a few of the multitude of notices by press 
and comrades are given. The complimentary notes 
from subscribers would fill a numberof the VETERAN : 

This from the Nashville Christian Advocate, Rev. 
Dr. E. E. Hoss. Editor: We are glad to see thai our 
friend, and everybody's friend. Mr. S. A. Cunning- 
ham, is making a great success oi hisCoN] EDERATB 
i RAN, which is a thoroughly patriotic publica- 
tion, designed, not to inflame' sectional prejudices, 
but to collect and preserve the floating reminiscences 
of tin- Civil War. We do not >ce' how any old Con- 
federate can afford to do without this wonderfully 
interesting publication. 

The Virginia Free' Press, Charleston. W. Va., 
volunteers ral notice' and copies the above 

with comment: A great paper, and one that would 
n.it commend a publication without merit. 

Prof. J. H. Brunner ex-President Hiwassee Col- 
lege, in East Tennessee: The Confederate Vi - 

i k \\ is an honor to our Southland. 

The Chri tian Index. Atlanta, i ia. : The Confed- 
\x is not only growing in favor, but 
is rendering a genuine service. It is gathering 
materials for future history. It is eminently fair 
in its treatment of disputed themes and shows, by 
frequent responses from the North, that it circulates 
among both armies. 

The literary editor of the Memphis Scimitar. : In 
summing up the needs of the- South, and the enter- 
prises which she should encourage, among the- most 
desirable might be mentioned magazines and strictly 
literarj journals; such as would fully represent the 
life of the- section and its literary development. All 
efforts in this direction should be encouraged in the 
most generous manner, and since the Com EDERATE 
I RAN is making a brave light along this line, it 
should command a me>st enthusiastic support. 



W. L. Mack writes from Lamar, Mo.: Wc organ- 
ized a Camp, on the 10th, with about twenty-five 
members, and hope to increase to fifty before the 
year is out. The following officers were elected: 
R. J. Tucker, Commander: .1. W. Calleron, Lieut. - 
Commander; W. I.. Mack, Adjutant. The Camp 
was named ior Ed Ward, one of Barton countv's 
oldest citizens, who was a brave and gallant Con- 
federate soldier. 



O. S. Green writes from Hill City, across the 
Tennessee In m Chattanooga, that if the widow or 
children of Ouartermaster Kesterson. of the' Second 
Arkansas Infantry, will write to him. he can give 
them information concerning the Captain's death. 



112 



Qo^federate l/eterai) 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM. Editor and Prop'r, S. W. MEEK. Publisher 

Olllce: Willcox Building, Church Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All 
persons who approve its principles. and realize its benelits as an organ for 
Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron- 
age and to co-operate in extending : t. 

The Veteran, while duly deferential to the 
authorities to be in charge at the Richmond reunion, 
will be excused for earnest reference to arrangements. 
These reunions occur but once a year. Delegates 
attend at some inconvenience, and many of them at 
much expense; hence, they should be enabled to do 
the best for themselves and the objects in hand. 

A letter from Gen. Fred S. Ferguson, Command- 
ing the Alabama Division, illustrates the need of 
attention to these things. He states: I have been 
doing my best to keep the Division in good order so 
that it can make a creditable showing at Richmond, 
but it is hard work indeed. It will be well repre- 
sented in Richmond, but, at present, I do not think 
I will go. Under our organization, the most useless 
thing in the world is the Division Commander at 
one of our annual conventions. He has absolutely 
nothing to do, and at Houston last year I was un- 
able to obtain admission to the Convention Hall, 
except to the gallery. If I could do any good by 
going I would cheerfully go, but as a pleasure trip 
I would prefer something more quiet. 

What a spectacle! The first Division Commander 
in the list unable to secure admission to the hall! 
As has been stated in the Veteran, lack of organ- 
ization detracts seriously from the benefit and 
pleasure of these assemblies. A general head- 
quarters, however well indicated the state quarters 
may be, is not suitable. If Richmond will locate 
headquarters in different buildings as nearly to- 
gether, however, as possible, and the Convention 
will appoint certain hours for reunions at these 
quarters, when Veterans and friends may meet, 
the result will be an improvement upon any plan yet 
adopted, and would certainly be the best conceiva- 
able from much careful consideration. 



However admirable and thrilling the events con- 
nected with female achievements in the war, there is 
an instinctive revolt at the contemplation. Publi- 
cation has been made that there were about four 
hundred women in the Union Army. Some were 
wives, some sweethearts, and some "romancers." 

A Mrs. Brownell, born in Africa while her father, 
a Scotchman and an officer in the English Army, 
was stationed there, it is said, was the only one in 
the Federal Army who enlisted as a woman. Brow- 
nell and wife belonged to the First Rhode Island. 

A young girl of Brooklyn was a soldier, and her 
life blood ebbed away under the shadow of Lookout 
Mountain. She thought she was to save the coun- 
try. A note to her parents reads: "Forgive your 



dying daughter. I have but a few moments to live. 
My native soil drinks my blood. I expected to de- 
liver my country, but the fates would not have it so. 
I am content to die. Pray, pa, forgive me. Tell 
ma to kiss my daguerreotype. Emily. 

P. S. Give my gold watch to little brother." 
Miss Anna Carroll, lineal descendant of "Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton," was in close friendship with 
Mr. Lincoln, and she is credited with having plan- 
ned the Tennessee campaign. An appropriation 
was pressed before Congress, but it failed. "The 
generals did not want to divide the honor with her." 
Francis Hocks wanted to go with her twin brother; 
there being no one to object, she enlisted as " Frank 
Miller." She was captured at Chattanooga. In an 
effort to escape she was wounded and then her sex 
became known. She was favored in prison. 



Extraordinary space is given in this April Vet- 
eran to Confederate organizations. The list of 
United Confederate Veteran Camps comprises, doubt- 
less, the largest number of organizations ever em- 
bodied in six pages of similar size. The labor 
necessary to present it can hardly be appreciated 
except by publishers. The unstinted zeal of Miss 
A. C. Childress, whose labors are so generally 
known by the general organization of veterans, de- 
serves continued recognition for her gratuitous aid. 

It will be seen that the Daughters are rallying in 
nearly every section, and the Veteran's prediction 
for them is being fulfilled. They bhould work to- 
gether. 

They are looking to one general organization and 
that is very important. In some of the States Vet- 
erans have their separate State Associations, and 
United Confederate Veteran Camps are members of 
them, but the outside world looks to the general 
brotherhood only. 

The interests are of too great consequence to 
avoid standing together as in the sixties. The 
Veteran honors every organization bearing the 
sacied name Confederate, and would be helpful to 
all in their special needs in every locality, but it 
pleads for unity of action in fraternal spirit. 

In this connection it refers to the unique organi- 
zation at Vicksburg of "Daughters of Confederate 
Veterans," (elsewhere reported) and it fancies the 
blue lodge order for sentiment, but there ought to 
be a chapter in that famous city of Daughters of 
the Confederacy. 



Capt. L. H. Denny, Blountsville,Tenn., sends one 
dollar to Sam Davis Monument Fund, and writes: I 
could not die satisfied if I failed to contribute my 
mite to erect a monument to perpetuate the fame 
of that heroic, youthful soldier boy T . 



Confederate Veteran. 



113 



The Franklin (Term.) Press has exercised com- 
mendable zeal in behalf of a monument to com- 
memorate the heroic deeds of the Confederate Army 
in the terrible battle there, Nov. 30, 18b4. The 
effort should not be abandoned. There was no 
test of heroic valor more valliantly met in all the 
war than the responding to Hood's order to "make 
the fight" at Franklin. His arm)- — peerless except 
by other Confederate forces — rushed on and on, 
over a smooth plain for a mile, subsequent lines of 
battle stumbling over dead comrades, but on and 
on, parting the chevauxdefris with their hands, in 
fifty feet of well built breastworks and then 
struggling with ball and bayonet until the outer 
intrenchments were filled with their dead. And 
they certainly would have stampeded or captured 
the Federal army there but for the heroism of 
Opdyke's Brigade. Yes, build a monument at 
Franklin and let county pride do it, with volunteer 
contributions from other sections. 

Giles and Kutherford counties have commendable 
enterprises in hand for the Samuel Davis monument. 
It will tax their resources to do what they should 
in that. No spot of earth can be more sanctified 
than that whereon he died, and no people can claim 
with greater pride the birthplace of a truer patriot 
and a nobler man. 

Let Tennessee pride arouse Confederates yet liv- 
ing, and the Sons anl Daughters of those who are 
dead, to establish with granite and bronze their 
nobility. Let this centennial year of the Volunteer 
State be made memorable by these testimonials. 



In his appeal to Kentuckians for the "Battle Ab- 
bey," Gen. John Boyd says: 

I believe it to be the dutj- of every veteran who is 
proud of his record as a Confederate soldier, proud 
of the brave deeds of his comrades, proud of the 
self-sacrifice and untiring zeal of his mother and 
sisters during our struggle for constitutional liberty, 
to do all in his power to aid in this noble work. 

I believe it is a sacred duty we owe to ourselves, 
our children, to our dead comrades and to this glo- 
rious Southland in which we live, to see that this 
plan, which originated in the great heart of Com- 
rade Rouss, be at once accomplished. To this end 
I request every veteran camp in Kentucky to take 
active measures to forward the good cause: call to 
your aid the local press, ever friendly to us; enlist 
the services of our noble women; interest every 
friend of the South, until a public sentiment is 
created which will find expression in subscriptions 
to our memorial fund. 

Comrade Boyd has devoted more gratuitous ser- 
vice to his fellows, perhaps, than any other man. 



David A. Ross, M. L. C, of Quebec, Canada, who 
was the recipient of some gold sleeve links with the 
Confederate flag enameled as an ornament, wrote 
some verses beginning: 

Are these the flags which were unfurled 

Before a sympathetic world. 

Borne by the bravest of the brave 

To victor; or a warrior's grave? 

Accompanying this in a letter, Mr. Ross, says: 
"Opinions may vary as to the merits of the great 
war, but all can join in admiration of the heroic 
endurance, the ardent patriotism, and the unflinch- 
ing courage of the Confederate troops." 



Geo. A. Branard, Secretary of Hood's Texas 
Brigade Association, Houston, sends correction of 
his name and number of Regiment as given in Feb- 
ruary Yktkr \n, which should be 5th instead of 25th 
Texas. He adds: I would like to hear from the 1st, 
4th and 5th Texas Regiments, as I am trying to 
find out how many are now living. Would also be 
glad to hear from some of thelSth. G«0. Hampton's 
Legion, and the 3rd Arkansas. 

I was color-bearer of the First Texas, and while 
my Regiment was passing through Frederick City. 
Md., tiie wind blew my flag so it became strongly 
wrapped around a lady who was standing on a gal- 
lery near, and I had to leave the ranks and give her 
time to get out of it. Is that lady still living? I 
understand some one from that city has written 
about it. If the lady can recall it she will retnem- 
ber thai it was a silk flag with a single star — the 
"Lone Star" flag of Texas — and I was in my stock- 
ing feet at that time and had been so before and in 
the battle of Manassas — no shoes to be had! 



A gentleman, of Nashville, was a Union soldier 
and at Frederick City, Md., in *i>2, together with a 
comrade, proposed to buv some fruit in front of a 
comfortable looking home. The price was named, 
and a greenback dollar was proffered in payment. 

"I don't want that," said the lady. "It will soon 
be of no value." 

"It is all we have," replied the soldiers. 

"It is all right, take the fruit," replied the lady, 
and she added, "I have some of that money that you 
can have if you wish it." She went into the house 
and returned with nineteen paper dollars that she 
gave to the two men, saving it would be no account 
in a month or so. 



Comrade W. A. Campbell writes of the organiza- 
tion of a Chapter of Daughters of the Confederacy 
at Columbus. Miss. He says: At the first meeting 
there were some twenty- two ladies present, and a 
number who could not attend sent in their names. 
The following officers were elected: Mrs. Jno. M. 
Billups. President; Mrs. K. T. Sykes, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Mrs. J. O. Banks, Treasurer; Mrs. Thos. B. 
Franklin, Secretary. All are among our most promi- 
nent ladies socially, and all are most hearty in love 
for our cause. 

At the last meeting of our Camp we had the Bat- 
tle Abbey question Up lor discussion, and we will 
co-operate heartily with the Daughters of the Con- 
federacv in this movement. 



114 



Confederate l/eterap 



CONFEDERATES AT GETTYSBURG. 



Hon. Andrew J. Baker, at present Commissioner 
in the General Land Office of Texas at Austin, has 
taken much pains to adjust history relating to the 
battle of Gettysburg-. He has furnished the Vet- 
eran some statistics that he was anxious to have 
produced at the United Confederate Veteran reunion. 

In a letter to his "dear old General," Harry Heth, 
Comrade Baker states: 

It is not my purpose to detract from the heroism 
and renown of the gallant and brave troops of Gen. 
Pickett, whose historic fame was sanctified by the 
blood of the immortal Armistead and the glorious 
courage of the unknown rank and file whose bones 
now lie under the edge of the stone wall, but I do 
feel that some whose lives were spared, even though 
wounded themselves, should do justice to the mem- 
ory of the other dead who, also, made the same 
charge and under a more galling and deadly fire, by 
at least having their memories perpetuatedy along 
with those of General Pickett's command. 

I write now to ask you to do me the special kind- 
ness and your brave dead soldiers the justice, to 
write me if, as a matter of fact, Davis' Brigade and 
Pettigrew's do not appear on the Bachelor map as 
having gone up on the heights where the first line 
of batteries had been, and if the map does not show 
that thus they took a position at least as 
far in advance, if not farther, which lat- 
ter fact I believe the map will show, 
than was Gen. Armistead's when he fell, 
whose death it is said marked the high 
watermark of the Confederacj'. 

When you consider how soon we who 
went to Pennsylvania are to join those 
who are still thereon that field, and that 
none will be left to do justice to your 
brave boys, you will appreciate how im- 
portant to history must be the urgency 
of this effort. 

He had been informed by Gen. Heth 
that he had refrained from writing any- 
thing about any engagement in which 
he was not present, and that having been 
wounded in that battle, that Gen. Rey- 
nolds being wounded, also, and General 
Pettigrew, who commanded the division, 
having been mortally wounded at Fall- 
ing Waters, no report was made. 

Gen. Heth, however, sent some maps 
which he regarded as very accurate and 
the following drawing is from the one 
showing position of the commands in 
question. Unhappily the engraving is 
brought to too small a scale. 

Casualties in Heth's Division. 

Pettigrew's Brigade: 11th, 26th, 47th 
and 52nd North Carolina, killed 190, 
wounded 915; total 1,105. 

Brockenborough's Brigade: 22nd, 



40th, 47th and 55th Virginia, killed 25, wounded 
123; total 148. 

Archer's Brigade: 5th and 13th Alabama, also 
1st, 7th and 14th Tennessee Provisional Army, 
killed 16, wounded 144; total 160. 

Davis' Brigade: 55th North Carolina, 2nd, 11th' 
and 42nd Mississippi, killed ISO, wounded 717; 
total 887. 

Aggregate in Heth's Division, killed 411, wound- 
ed 1,809; total 2,310. 

Pender's Division. 

McGowan's Brigade: 1st South Carolina (Provis- 
ional Army). 1st, 12th, 13th and 14th South Caro- 
lina Rifles, killed 100, wounded 477; total 577. 

Lane's Brigade: 7th, 18th, 28th, 33rd and 37th 
North Carolina, killed 41, wounded 348; total 389. 

Thomas' Brigade: 14th, 30th, 45th and 49th 
Georgia, killed 16, wounded 136; total 152. 

Seales' Brigade: 13th, 16th, 22nd, 34th and 38th 
North Carolina, killed 102, wounded 322; total 425. 

Aggregate of Pender's Division, killed 259, wound- 
ed 1,283; total 1,542. 

Pickett's Division. 

Garnett's Brigade: 8th, 18th, 19th, 28th and 56th 
Virginia, killed 78, wounded 324; total 402. ' 

Armistead's Brigade: 9th, 14th, 3Sth, 53rd and 
57th Virginia, killed 88, wounded 460; total 548. 

Kemper's Brigade: 1st, 3rd, 7th, 11th and 24th 
Virginia, killed 58, wounded 356; total 414. 




Qor?federate l/*eteran. 



115 



Ag-gregfate of Pickett's Division, killed 224, wound- 
ed 1,140; total 1,364. 

Hood's Division. 

Law's Brigade: 4th, 15th, 44th, 47th and 48th 
Alabama, killed 74, wounded 270; total 350. 

Anderson's Brigade: 7th, 8th, 9th, 11th and 5'»th 
Georgia, killed 105, wounded 512; total 617. 

Robertson's Brigade: 3rd Arkansas; 1st, 4th and 
5th Texas, killed 84, wounded 393; total 477. 

Aggregate in Hood's Division, killed 2i>5, wound- 
ed 1,181; total 1,444. 

Recapitulation. 

Hood's Division: Composed of three Brigades, 
total killed and wounded as follows: 

Heth's Division, four Brigades: Pettigrew's 1,105; 
Brockenbrough's, 148; Archer's, 150; Davis' 897. 
Total 2,310. ' 

Pender's Division, four Brigades: McGowan's, 
577; Lane's, 380; Thomas' 152; Scales' 425. Total 
1,54 2. 

Pickett's Division, three Brigades: Garnett's 
4H2; Annistead's. 546; Kemper's, 414. Total 1,364. 

Law's, 55<t; Anderson's. 617; Robertson's, 477. 
Total 1,444. 

Largest Losses by Brigades. 

Pettigrew's, Heth's Division, 1,105; Davis', Heth's 

Division, S ( »7; Annistead's. Pickett's Division, 548; 
Anderson's, Hood's Division, i>17; McGowan's, Pen- 
der's Division, 577. 



our sainted ones, and be "gathered unto the fath- 
ers," even as my own" bright rolling river, the noble 
Tennessee, joins yours, the great Ohio, and thence 
are gathered tog-ether unto the Father of Waters. 



A VALUABLE HEIRLOOM. 



W. L. Culley, Wartrace, Torn., scuds a letter 
from Gen. John R. Coffee of Wannville, Ala., who 
was horn in Bedford County, Tcnn., and was a colo- 
nel ill the Mexican War. During the Confederate 
War the Federals took his sword and llao-. as the 
letter explains: 

Wannville, Ala., Feb. 22, '96. 

Mr. S. Y. Miller, College Corner, Ohio. Your 
letter received: also the sword, which is mine. 

I shall instruct my only surviving son to hang it 
on his "cottage wall," where, I trust, the yellow 
sunlight of peace may shine upon it until tine last 
sand shall have drifted through the hourglass of 
time. During the Civil War, about the time I lost 
the sword, I also lost my regimental colors, which 
were presented to me at Bellefonte, Ala., on the 
Mil day of June. '46, by Mrs. John A. Morrison. It 
bore this inscription: 

"From the fair to the brave. Go, your country calls.'' 

I have read, with deep regret, the obituary notice 
of your daughter. The separation is but 

short, and, truly, 

"There is no death, the stars go down, 
I'n shine upon some fairer shore. 

And there, in God's immortal crown, 
They shine forevermore." 

How sensibly do I feel these lines as I write them 
with a hand palsied by age! Yes, my dear friend, 
for I feel that we are friends, though we have never 
met you and I shall soon join each other, with 



OUR WOMEN ON THE WAR. 



The inquiry has recently gone the rounds of the 
press of the country, Why do not Southern women 
write more of the war. A Southern woman answers: 

Thej bid us tell the slory 

i M our nation's golden past . 
And Bine her hymns of, conquest 

\ n,l chant her dirge at last . 
Bui when the wounds are fresh and quiv'ring, 

Is there any place for art '.' 
I an we print the slories >_'ra\en 

t >n the tablets ot t he heart ? 

Women hide t heir dearest t reasures 
from tin' public's curious gaze ; 

When her thoughts are of her lover 

I 'oes a maiden speak his prai^> 
Nay. the brown lark hides her secret 

In her faithful frightened hreast. 
And she llutters farthest from it 

When the school hoy seeks her nest. 

So we sing of other nations 

\ml the glories they have known. 
But our pride is in our Southland 

\ nd our hearts speak of our own. 
When we sing of lofty irage 

And of knightly chivalry. 
We may write the name of Sidney 

But we think the name of bee. 

We may w rite of reckless Roland 

As he led his gallant hand. 
But we t hink of dashing Morgan, 

In our i rle-s southern land. 

When we praise all England's Stuarts, 

Tis our own we hi in would sing — 
There was none so gay and gallant. 
There was none more truly kinu' 

We laud the hold crusader 

Wit h the red cross on his breast, 

Who sought t he Holy City 

From the Moslems grasp to wrest. 

Hut a knight hood no less noble 

Claims now our pride and love — 
The gray-clad ranks of Southrons 

With their red cross high above. 

It may be a woman's folly 

That she guards her treasures so, 
Bui shall History's page be blotted 

By our tear- so quick to llow? 
Let our children tell the story 

Of the cause their fathers led, 
for our sorrow seals our utterance, 

Ami our silence shrines our dead. 



J. J. Coulter writes from Luling, Tex.: Just be- 
fore the close of the war, early one morning when 
fighting was going on in the piney wood of North 
Carolina, I chanced to meet with a young soldier; 
he was alone and weak from loss of blood, his arm 
having just been amputated. I dismounted, assist- 
ed him into my saddle and went two or three miles 
with him to a little village — Bentonville, I think— 
and left him in good hands. I was unable to find 
out his name, but he told me that he belonged to a 
South Carolina regiment. Is this comrade still liv- 
ing? If so. he will please answer. 



116 



Confederate l/eterap. 



FLAG HISTORY. 



The Indianapolis News gives this flag- history: 

"Thirteen is not an unlucky number when it is 
embodied in flags and national emblems." The 
colonies were thirteen, and all the early devices for 
the American republic were planned upon the idea. 
Thirteen stripes were placed upon the flag and thir- 
teen vessels were built for the first navy. Thirteen 
arrows, grasped in a mailed hand, were among the 
seals of state; later the ariows were transferred to 
the claw of the eagle, but their number remained 
the same. Thirteen mailed hands grasping an end- 
less chain of thirteen links was another emblem of 
the colonial days. 

The first flags used by the American colonies 
were naturally those of the mother Britain. Then, 
when the spirit of freedom began to sweep over the 
land, these were displaced by flags of various forms. 
Prominent among these were the rattlesnake flag, 
the famed pine tree flag and the palmetto flag, and 
at the time Bunker Hill and Lexington were fought 
these were the flags of the colonists. The stars 
and stripes had not come into existence. 

After the rude devices of the palmetto, the pine 
tree and the rattlesnake, the next step in the evolu- 
tion of the flag was a tri-colored banner, not yet 
spangled with a union of stars, but showing thir- 
teen stripes of red and white, with the united 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew done in blue 
in one corner. This standard was first established 
in Washington's Camp, at Cambridge, Jan. 2, 1776. 

THE WASHINGTON COAT OF ARMS. 

Nearly a year after the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, the American Congress resolved: "That 
the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen 
stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be 
thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a 
new constellation." Merely the resolution is left 
for us to read; the record of the interesting debate 
which must have preceded this measure, and the 
reason for its adoption, are missing. Writers on 
the topic believe that there was an intimate rela- 
tion between the resolution and the escutcheon of 
George Washington, which contained both stars 
and stripes. 

It is an established fact that the stars and stripes 
waved over the colonial troops at the battle of the 
Brandywine, September 11, 1777, and henceforth, 
throughout the Revolution, the flag was carried in 
every battle. The pennon was hoisted over the 
ships of the navy soon after its adoption by the 
army. The ship Ranger, Capt. Paul Jones com- 
manding, arrived, floating the new banner, at a 
French port about December 1, 1777; and on Feb- 
ruary 14, 1778, the RangerV colors received the first 
salute ever paid an American flag by the vessel of a 
foreign nation. 

It was claimed that a Mrs. John Ross, who was an 
upholsterer and lived in Arch street, Philadelphia, 
sewed the first flag made of stars and stripes. Her 
descendants have asserted that a congregational 
committee, headed by Gen. George Washington 
himself, called upon her in June, 1776, and engaged 
her to make a flag from a rough drawing which 



they had. At the woman's suggestion, General 
Washington made another sketch of the design. 
Drawing out his pencil, he seated himself in her 
back parlor and traced the outlines of the flag, 
which she soon sewed from the sketch. 

Thirteen had not proved an unlucky number, but 
when Vermont was admitted to the sisterhood of 
the Union in 1791, followed by Kentucky in 1792, it 
became necessary in the opinion of statesmen to 
change the number of stripes and stars. Accord- 
ingly a measure was adopted by Congress establish- 
ing fifteen stars and fifteen stripes, instead of thir- 
teen; this law not to take effect until May, 1786. 

Capt. Samuel C. Reid suggested a new design 
for a national emblem that would represent the 
growth of States and not destroy its distinctive 
character. In accord with his suggestion a new 
law was passed, and on April 4, 1818, the flag of 
the United States -was permanently established. 

The act provided that "from and after the 4th 
day of July next, the flag of the United States shall 
be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red and 
white; that the union have twenty stars (white) on 
a blue field ; that on the admission of every new 
State into the Union, one star be added to the union 
of the flag, and that such addition shall take effect 
on the 4th day of July succeeding such admission." 

The national emblem in the war with Mexico 
bore twenty-nine stars in its union: but the flag of 
the civil war contained thirty- four. 

The same issue of the News states additional: 

At the beginning of the struggle, the South ex- 
perienced difficulty in determining a distinctive flag 
for its forces. The stars and stripes were as much 
a part of Southern history as of Northern; and 
many people in the Confederacy were loath to part 
with the old banner. When they chose a flag, they 
selected the stars and bars, a design so like the old 
emblem of an unbroken country, that it was fre- 
quently mistaken in the battle for the Federla flag. 

CUTTING THE FLAG IN TWO — A CLEVER SUGGESTION. 

Previous to the adoption of a rebel flag, and dur- 
ing a heated discussion on the subject, Professor 
Morse, inventor of the telegraph, made the sugges- 
tion that the flag be cut in two, and a half given to 
North and to South. "Referring to this as dn a 
map," he said, "the upper portion being North and 
the lower portion being South, we have ihe upper 
end of the division of the blue field, and then six 
and a half stripes for the North field, and the lower 
diagonal and division of the blue field and the six 
and a half of the stripes for the Southern flag, the 
portion of the blue field to contain the stars to the 
number of States embraced in each confederacy. 
The reasons for such a division are obvious. It 
prevents all dispute on a claim for the old flag by 
either confederacy. It is distinctive, for the two 
cannot be mistaken for each other, either at sea or 
at a distance on land. Each flag, being a moiety of 
the old flag, will retain something at least of the 
sacred memories of the past for the sober reflection 
of each confederacy, and if a war with some foreign 
nation or combination of nations (all wars being 
unhappy), under our treaty of offense and defense, 
the two separate flags, by natural affinity, would 
clasp fittingly together, and the old, glorious flag 



Confederate l/eteran 



117 



of the Union, in its entirety, would be hoisted once 
more, embracing- all the sister States." 

No provision has ever been made for the arrange- 
ment of the stars since the placing- of them, as sug- 
gested by Captain Reid, passed out of practice. 

Some confusion exists in the arrangement of the 
stars, and on any great public occasion, when the 
people parade, one may see a variety of American 
flags. The early custom was to insert the stars in 
parallel rows across the field of blue. This custom 
has always been followed in the navy, since the 
President's order of 1818 directing such arrange- 
ment. In the army, the stars have always been ar- 
ranged in parallel, horizontal rows, although not in 
vertical rows. Hereafter there will be no difference 
whatever in the design of the flag used in the navy 
and the one in the army. 

The national flags flying over army camps and 
forts are made of American bunting. They are of 
three different sizes — the storm and recruiting flag, 
eight feet long and four feet two inches wide; the 
post flag, twenty feet long and ten feet wide; the 
garrison flag, thirty-six feet long and twenty feet 
wide, hoisted on great occasions. The size of flag's 
used in the army and navy is not fixed by law, but 
established by army and navy regulations. The 
colors carried by infantry and artillery regiments 
are silk, six feet six inches long, six ieet wide and 
mounted on staffs. The field of stars is thirtv-one 
inches long and extends to the fourth stripe. 



C. H. Smart, Nashville, Tenn., furnishes this in- 
teresting contribution on the subject. 

In the State Library at Indianapolis, Ind.. is a 
Confederate flag of interest to Nashville people, a 
brief description of which is here given, as well as 
an illustration of it. The flag is that .if the Third 
Regiment, Tennessee Volunteers. This was the 
late Gov. John C. Brown's regiment, who at Fort 

Donelson, where th e 
arf>» , flag- was captured, com- 



j fl «« »*,>;; 





! ! 2£)(Kti i ■* th'e'Ke'ginient"d 
®L— !_*.J. inff the battle, but' 



manded t h e T bird 
Brigade, of which the 
Third Tennessee- form- 
ed part. Lieut. -Col. T. 
M. Gordon command- 
dur- 
: be- 
ing wounded, the com- 
mand devolved upon Maj. N- F. Cheairs. The re- 
mainder of the Brigade was made up of the Eigh- 
teenth Tennessee, Col. J. B. Palmer; Thirty-second 
Tennessee. Col. E. C. Cook; Kentucky Battery, Capt. 
R, E. Graves; Tennessee Battery, Capt. T. K. Por- 
ter, who was wounded, and the command fell to Lieut. 
John W. Morton; and the Jackson (Ya.) Battery. 
The flag is 5x10 feet in size, made of silk, but is in 
a poor state of preservation. One side of the blue 
field has a painting of a knight in full armor on horse- 
back, the work of W. Hearn, of this city. This is 
now nearly rotted out of the tlai;-, and can hardly be 
deciphered from the part still remaining. The words 
"My life" are still to be seen, but the balance of the 
inscription is effaced by time's ravages. On the re- 



verse side, in gilt letters, are the words, or rather ab- 
breviations, "Third Kegt. Tenn. Vol." On the re- 
verse of the blue fie i are eight stars in a circle, sur- 
rounded by a wreath of honeysuckles. The body 
of the flag on this side contains a picture of a ship 
between the words "Agriculture" and "Commerce." 
probablv intended to represent the coat of arms of 
the State. 

In a room in the War Department at Washing- 
ton is stored a number of captured Confederate flag i, 
which areof all shapes, sizes and materials, ofoneof 
which mention 



will be made. It 
is the flag of the 
Apalachicola 
Guard. It is evi- 
dently mad e o f 
dresses of women, 
who thus showed 
their lo3 - alty to 
the Southern 
cause. The ma- 
terial is blue, with 
the stars, seven in 
cream-colored silk. 








■ GOD ©OURTRU 



ky -VMS: 



* 



number, and other designs in 
I rpon it is an eagle carrying in 
his beaka scroll, upon which is inscribed "Our rights 
we will maintain." Below the eagle are the words 
"In God is our trust." The flag has been rent in the 
center, as if by a shell. 

In a room in the residence of Mrs. Robert Ander- 
son, on Rhode Island Avenue, Washington, D. C, 

hangs a picture of her hus- 
band — the gall ant Ken- 
tuckian who defended 
Fort Sumter. Draped 
around the picture are the 
two flags of the fort, the 
garrison flag and the storm 
flag. The latter was the 
one which for forty hours 
was the target for every Confederate gun in and 
around Charleston on April 12 13, '61, and was pre- 
sented to Maj. Anderson upon his arrival at Wash- 
ington after his evacuation of Sumter, and is still 
preserved by his wife. A cut of this Mag is here 
presented, as it appears now. 




The Hopkins County, Ky., Ex-Confederate Asso- 
ciation, Camp No. 528, United Confederate Veterans 
of Madisonville. was first organized May 27th, 1893, 
under the nameof "Hopkins County Ex-Confederate 
Relief Association." and at a call meeting April 1, 
1895, was reorganized under the name ot "Hopkins 
Countv Ex- Confederate Association", and attached 
to the United Confederate Veterans under the fol- 
lowing officers: Capt, L. D. Hockersmith, Com- 
mander; Thos, II. Smith. Adjutant; Capt. T. B. 
Jones, Treasurer. 



The National Sentinel of Washington, D. C, 
makes pleasant reference to the VETBRAN, and adds 
along with commending it to its readers: We welcome 
the jouruai to our table because it dares express, 
with proper courtesy and propriety, its sentiments 
on questions about which honest differences exist. 



118 



Qopfederate l/eteran. 



ANOTHER "CHARMING NELLIE" LETTER. 



Thanks again and again for the continued supply 
of letters by J. B. Polley, Esq., of Texas: 

In Camp Somewhere, June 24, 1862. 
Charming Nellie: 

Hood's Texas Brigade and Jackson's troops are 
lost in the wild, tangled wilderness surrounding 
Ashland, the birthplace of Henry Clay. We have 
been here a couple of days, but when and where we 
are going next, only the Lord and Gen. Jackson can 
form any definite idea. There may be free agency 
in religious matters, but experience teaches a pri- 
vate soldier that there is none in military affairs — 
to him. He is an automaton, guided, directed and 
controlled by wires pulled by superiors. * 
While never confronted by a body of the enemy, 
the Fourth Texas was actively engaged during the 
better part of the two days battle of Seven Pines, 
dodging minnie and cannon balls and shells fired by 
the Yankees. Webber, a German of Company F. , 
was the only man of the regiment who actually re- 
fused to duck his head at every invitation. "Vat 
for doadge?" he would say: "Ven ze time coom, ve 
die any vay — ven zetime no coom, ze ball, he mees." 
However, we were doublequicked back and forth 
from one end of the battleground to the other, in 
futile effort to reach the enemy. The ground was 
low and swampy, the rain fell in torrents, and when 
night came, he was a lucky man who found a rail 
or log on which to sleep and keep out of mud and 
water. 

During the engagement, the Sixty First Pennsyl- 
vania was driven so hurriedly out of its well ap- 
pointed camp as to leave all of its baggage and com- 
missary stores. Fortunately for the Texans, the 
troops who did the driving were denied the time to 
take possession of the captured property, and it was 
promptly confiscated to our use and benefit. Some 
one looted the tent of Maj. B. F. Smith of the afore- 
said Sixty First, and seized upon his commission 
and a bundle of letters — among them one of recent 
date from his sister. In the division of the spoils, 
this fell to me, and was so charming and homelike 
that I read it over and over again and then lest it 
should fall into unappreciative hands, burned it. 
Judging from the letter, the writer is a highly ac- 
complished young lady — a daughter of a member of 
the Legislature from West Chester County, Pa. It 
differed essentially from the others I read from 
Northern ladies, for it contained but one allusion to 
the Rebels, and that by no means bitter. It would 
please the gallant Major, no doubt, if he survived 
the discomfiture of his regiment, as well as his 
lovely and lively sister, to be assured of my grati- 
tude for the pleasure afforded me; the Major, by a 
hasty retreat, and the lady, by writing a letter so 
interesting, newsy and humorous as to charm a 
stranger and Rebel, and remind him of his own 
loved ones in far off Texas. While perusing it, the 
Rebel sat on a chunk of wood at the foot of a tall 
pine tree, with his feet in the water. A heavy 
shower had just fallen, and dry places were not 
easily to be found. Every now and then a cannon 
ball or shell, fired from a Federal gun, would crash 



through the top of the tree; but I was inside of the 
range of the gun, and any damage done by it was to 
people far back in the rear. 

On the eleventh of the month, the Texas Brigade 
was ordered to Staunton to reinforce Stonewall 
Jackson. The day after reaching Staunton, how- 
ever, it marched back across the Blue Ridge toward 
Charlottesville. Early in the day Gen. Hood halted 
each regiment in turn, and gave his orders. To 
the Fourth, he said: "Soldiers of the Fourth: I 
know as little of our destination as you do. If, 
however, any of you learn or suspect it, keep it a 
secret. To every one who asks questions, answer, 
'I don't know.' We are now under the orders of 
Gen. Jackson and I repeat them to you. I can only 
tell you further, that those of you who stay with 
the command on this march will witness and parti- 
cipate in grand events." 

Such an address, such orders and such a predic- 
tion,, not only astonished the soldiers, but inflamed 
their curiosity to the highest pitch. Many were 
the conjectures — some sensible, some ludicrous, but 
none probably near the truth. There were many 
stills in the sequestered nooks of the mountains, 
and by noon many of the men were in an exceed- 
ingly good humor — a few staggering — and apple 
jack and peach brandy could be had out of hun- 
dreds of canteens. To prevent the men from get- 
ting liquor, Gen. Hood authorized a statement, 
which was industriously circulated and really be- 
lieved, that smallpox was raging among the citi- 
zens. Whether true or not, it had a good effect; I 
did not straggle. 

Riding along by himself, half a mile in rear of 
the Brigade, General Hood discovered, lying in the 
middle of the road and very drunk, a soldier of the 
Fourth. Checking his horse, the General asked, 
"What is the matter with you, sir? Why are you 
not with your company?" The stern and peremp- 
tory voice sobered the man a little, and rising to a 
sitting posture and looking at. the General with 
drunken gravity, he said: "Nossin' much, I rekon, 
General — I just feel sorter weak and no account." 
"So I see, sir," said Hood, "get up instantly and 
rejoin your company." The victim of John Barley- 
corn made several ineffectual attempts to obey, and 
some men coming along just then, Hood ordered 
them to take charge of him and conduct him to his 
company. But as they approached with intent to 
carry out the order, the fellow found voice to say 
between hiccoughs, "Don't you men that ain't been 
vaccinated come near me — I've got the smallpox — 
tha's wha's the masser with me." 

The men shrank back in alarm, and the General, 
laughing at the way his own chickens had come 
home to roost, said: "Let him alone, then — some 
teamster will pick him up," and rode on. 

Gen. Jackson gave strict orders against depredat- 
ing on private property. Apples were plentiful, 
and it was contrary to nature not to eat them. Jack- 
son saw a Texan sitting on the limb of an apple 
tree, busily engaged in filling his haversack with 
the choicest fruit. He reined in his old sorrel 
horse, and in his customary curt tone, asked: "What 
are you doing in that tree, sir?" "I don't know," 
replied the Texan. "What command do you be- 



Qopfederate l/eterar? 



119 



long- to?" "I don't know." "Is your command 
ahead or behind you?" "I don't know." And thus 
it went on — the same "I don't know" given as an- 
swer to every question. Finally, Jackson asked: 
"Why do you give me that answer to every ques- 
tion?" "'Cause them's old- Jackson's orders," re- 
plied the man in the tree, and the officer had to ride 
on, disgusted at a too literal obedience of his own 
orders. 



A BOY SOLDIER'S FIDELITY. 
Joe Wright Crump, Harrison, Arkansas. 



The Confederate soldier made a record for dar- 
ing and devotion to his cause that is without par- 
allel, but when a mere boy, like the "clansman for 
his chief," risked his life and liberty for a superior 
officer, it was evidence of a chivalric friendship that 
bade defiance to circumstances brought about by 
military rule. 

It was in the early days of May, '63, when Grant's 
Army encircled the doomed City of Yicksburg, that 
Pemberton crossed Big Black River, and marched 
through Edwards' Station to Baker's Creek to meet 
the enemy. The battle opened about in o'clock, 
and the fighting continued until about sundown — 
one of the bloodiest of the war. 

On Champion Hill, Gen. Greene ordered his 
brigade, including Sterman's Battalion i First Ar- 
kansas Dismounted Cavalry i, to charge the federals 
who were in possession of the Hill. This charge 
was successful, but the enemy reinforced and re- 
captured the position. The second charge was or- 
dered by the gallant Greene, and the enemy was 
again driven from the Hill. In this charge Lieut. 
Jack Steele, who was in command of Company E, of 
Sterman's Battalion, received a minie ball in his 
shoulder inflicting a dangerous wound. His men 
begged him to retire, but with an unquailing spirit 
he changed his sword to his left hand and, waving 
it over his head, led his men on to victory. The 
loss of blood soon forced the exhausted hero to re- 
linquish his sword, and kind friends carried him to 
the rear. 

F Lieut. Manning Davis, next in rank, took com- 
mand and led the company in repeated charges, 
but he too received a wound which disabled him, 
being shot in the thigh. There being no other 
commissioned officer, Sergt. Free took command. 
Night was approaching and the Confederates were 
ordered to the fortifications at Yicksburg. 

This boy friend, Hugh R — , had a horror of 
his officer falling into the hands of the enemy, and 
with the assistance of others, he improvised a litter 
with blankets and poles and carried Lieut. Davis off 
the battlefield. The army left our young hero 
with his Lieutenant in an old out-of-the-way house, 
where they remained till morning, the boy, under 
cover of the night, carrying water and dressing his 
officer's wound. 

When daylight came the faithful attendant re- 
connoitered the situation and found they were near 
an old plantation. Uncle Abe, "agemmen of color," 
was sole custodian of this deserted place, and when 



the boy asked him for a mule, he said: "Jist hep 
yo'self; the Yankees will git 'em anyway." The 
mule was blind, but it answered the boy's purpose, 
and it was not long until he and his lieutenant 
were muleback and jogging along after their com- 
mand in the direction of Yicksburg. Instead of 
following Pemberton, our travelers took the trail 
of Gen. Loring, who marched around Grant's Army 
and joined Gen. Jos. E. Johnston at Jackson, Miss. 

Near the middle of the afternoon they saw a troop 
of cavalry marching towards them and they were 
not long in discovering that they were Federals. 
Hugh could have escaped to the woods, but would 
not leave his Lieutenant. 

"Hello, Johnniesl which way?" was the greeting 
given by the officers in front. 

"We are attempting to overtake our command," 
replied the Confederates. 

"You have fallen in with the wrong command, 
haven't you?" 

"From your garb, we think we have," said the 
boy. dryly. 

"We'll take good care of you," said the officer, 
and ordered the prisoners to the rear, where Lieut. 
Davis" wounds were properly cared for. He was 
then put in an ambulance under guard, Hugh be- 
ing allowed to stay with him. They were taken to 
the battleground of the day before, arriving there 
at one o'clock at night, when the lieutenant was 
placed in the hospital and Hugh in the "Bull Ring," 
and there they remained three days with one cracker 
per day each. 

The fourth day the Federals marched down the 
Y.i oo River, where they met transports, and where 
the half famished men went almost into transports 
of happiness over the rations received. The re- 
freshments were divided with the prisoners, after 
which they were placed on one of the boats and con- 
veyed down to Young's Point, on the west bank of 
the Mississippi, opposite Vicksburg. 

Here they were retained as prisoners of war for 
ten days in hearing of the bombardment and de- 
fense of Yicksburg. During this time the Cincin- 
nati, a Federal gunboat, was sunk by the Confeder- 
ates at Yicksburg. Part of its crew escaped and 
passed the point, where our Confederate friends saw 
them in their saturated condition. 

The only means our Confederate prisoners, held 
there then, had of cleansing themselves and 
their clothes was in a pond, where the}' waded knee 
deep, and to which only five hundred had access at 
a time. The "Crescent City," a transport, was 
brought near the camp, and Lieut. Davis and Hugh 
so. m found they were to be carried to Fort Delaware. 
The privates were separated from the officers, and 
crowded on the lower decks like sheep going to 
slaughter. 

When the transport arrived in Memphis it an- 
chored in the middle of the stream all night, and 
there the boy, who had faithfully followed and 
shared the privations of his officer, resolved to es- 
cape, and, as a freeman, fill a watery grave or wear 
the laurels he had so defiantly "plucked from the 
brow of fate." 

P. S. — Will tell of his escape in another sketch. 



120 



Confederate l/eterar). 




AN APPEAL TO THE SOUTH. 
Annie Barnwell Morton. 



SUNSET ROCK, LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN. 

B. F. Harris, who served in Company I, Thirty- 
sixth Alabama Regiment has written in the Sunny 
South an interesting account of his. command while 
crossing Shoal Creek on Hood's retreat from Ten- 
nessee, in which he states: * * * 

Some divested themselves of their pants, while 
others went on as they were. 

The creek was about 150 yards wide and the swift- 
est current I think I ever saw. I thought it impos- 
sible to wade or swim the stream. It seemed that a 
steamboat could have easily run on its waters. S. 
P., who had a poor old mule, told his company, 
which was Company C, that he would carry over 
all their blankets for them. The suggestion was at 
once complied with and he took blankets up before 
and behind him, until he was scarcely visible. 

All things being ready, we started in. The water 
was very cold and so swift that it compelled us to 



Aye, rear a monument, Tennessee, 

To the soldier-boy whose life 
Was laid bravely down to make you 
free. 
In those dark years of strife. 
But not you alone— let the whole 
Southland 
In the glorious task unite, 
And each Southron give, with a willing 
hand. 
To the sacred cause, his mite. 

There were many as young and brave 
as he, 

Who for Dixie gladly died ; 
Who left home and friends to follow 
Lee, 

And with Stuart and Hampton ride; 
Under Stonewall Jackson's lead to fight, 

Or advance to meet the foe, 
'Neath Beauregard, ourgallant Knight, 

Or the soldiers' friend, "Old Joe." 

1 l the battle's shock they bravely fell, 

With their comrades close beside ; 
With the music of the Rebel yell 

For their requiem, they died. 
No nobler death could a patriot crave, 

Than to yield, in fearless strife, 
Back to our God the gift He gave, 

A brave and stainless life. 

But this hero boy died all alone, 

In the midst of that cruel band ; 
With no farewell word, no loving tone, 

No grasp of a friendly hand ; 
With no gun or sword, on the battle 
plain, 

With no comrade at his side, 
For he, whose life had been free from 
stain, 

On the shameful gallows died. 



Aye, rear to brave Davis' memory 

A lofty burial stone. 
Type of our Southern chivalry, 

We build, not to him alone, 
But sacred to honor, truth, and right, 

Let it point from Dixie's toeast, 
Up to God's Home of eternal light, 

Where the hero found his rest. 



go by two's, holding each others hand for support. 
I was somewhat in advance of my friend who rode 
the mule and had discovered that the bed of the 
creek was a-mass of round, slippery rocks, so it was 
with great difficulty that we managed to retain our 
footing. All at once I heard a deafening shout go 
up from the boys. 

On looking around, I saw Smith Powell, the old 
mule and Company C's blankets going down the 
stream with the rapidit} T of a train of cars. Powell 
finalty gained his footing, but the poor old mule and 
the blankets were a total loss, without any insurance. 

Comrade Harris would like to know of Powell. 



Dr. J. C. J. King, Waco, Tex.: If Thos. Bruce 
Stribling, of Company "A," 2nd Texas Cavalry, is 
still living, I would be very thankful for his address. 
Would also like to locate J. W. Tucker, of same 
company, last heard from in Arkansas. 



Qopfederate l/eterai?. 



121 



CAMP LIST OF UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Furnished by the Confederate Veteran Office, Nashville, Tenn. 



Comrades and other friends will at once see that to 
prepare this long list of Camps was a great task. 
Changes are ever occurring in the officers — Command- 
ers and Adjutants. There must be many errors in this 
as it has not been revised recently. Please give notice 
on postal card, or if in letter, note the corrections 
on separate slip of paper on which no other business 
occurs. Let every friend correct any known error ; also 
fill in blanks where the officers names are not given. 

UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERAN CAMPS. 



Gen. John B. Gordon, General Commanding, Atlanta. 

Maj. Gen. George Moorman, Adjutant General and 
Chief of Staff, New Orleans. 

Gen. S. D. Lee commands the Department East of the 
Mississippi. 

Gen. W, L. Cabell commands the Trans-Mississippi 
Department. 

Gen. John C. Underwood commands the Northern De- 
partment. 

The Camp "officers" in the following list are Com- 
mander and Adjutant: 



ALABAMA. 



Maj. Gen. Fred S. Ferguson, Commandi r, Birmingham. 
Col. H. E. Jones, Chief of Staff, Montgomery. 
James M. Williams, Brigadier General, Mobile. 
William Richardson, Brigadier General. Anniston. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Abner P. O.— Handley- SO— M. V. Mullins, H. A. Brown. 
Albertville— Camp Miller— 3S5—W. H. McCord. Asa Ray. 
Alexandria— Alexandria— 395— C. Martin, E. T. Clark. 
Alexander City— Lee— 401— R. M. Thomas, A. S. Smith. 
Andalusia— Harper— 266— J. F. Thomas, J. M. Robinson, Sr. 
Anniston— Pelham— 258— F. M. Hight, Addison Z. McGhee. 
Ashland— Clayton— 327— A. S. Stockdale, D. L. Campbell. 
Ashville— St. Clair— 308— John W. Inger, Jas. D. Truss. 
Athens-Thos. L. Hobbs— 400— E, C. Gordon, B M. Lowell. 
Auburn— Auburn— 236— H. C. Armstrong R. W. Burton. 
Bangor— Wheeler— 492— R. H. L. Wharton, W. L. Redman 
Bessemer— Bessemer— 157— N. H. Sewall, T. P. Waller. 
Birmingham— Hardee— 39— R. D. Johnson, W. F Smith. 
Bridgeport— J. Wheeler— 260— I. H. Johnson, I,. B. Burnett. 
Brookwood— Force— 159— R. D. Jackson. J. IT. Nelson. 
Calera— Emanuel Finley— 498— John P. West. W. H. Jones. 
Camden— Franklin K. Beck— 224— R. Gaillard, J. F. Foster. 
Carrollton— Pickens— 323— M. L. Stansel. B. Upehureh. 
Carthage— Woodruff— 339— John S. Powers, J. A. Elliott. 
Centre— Stonewall Jackson— 65S—R. T. Ewing. 
Clayton— Barbour County— 193— W. H. Pruett, E. R. Quillin. 
Coaiburg— F. Cheatham— 434— F. P. Lewis, J. W. Barnhart. 
Cullman— Thos. H. Watts— 489— E. J. Oden, A. E. Hewlett. 
Dadeville— Crawf-Kimbal— 343— W. C. Mcintosh, Wm. L. 

Rowe. 
Decatur— Horace King— 476— W. A. Long, John T. Banks. 
Edwardsville— Wiggonton— 359— W. P, Howell, T. J. Burton. 
Eutaw— Sanders— 64— Geo. H. Cole, F. H. Mundy. 
Evergreen— Capt. Wm. Lee— 33S— P. D. Bowles, H. M. King. 
Fayette— Lindsey— 466— John B. Sanford, W. B. Shirley. 
Florence— E. A. O'Neal— 29S— A. M. O'Neal, C. M. Crow 
Fort Payne— Estes— 263— J. M. Davidson, A. P. McCartney. 
Gadsden— Emma Sanson— 275— Jas. Aiken, Jos. R. Hughes. 
Gaylcsvllle— John Pelham— 111— B. F. Wood, G. W. R. Bell. 
Greensboro— A. C. Jones— 266— A. M. Avery, W. C. Christian 
Greenville— Sam'l L. Adams— 349— E. Crenshaw, F. E. Dey. 

Guln— Ex-Confederate — 415 , W. N. Hulsey. 

Guntersville— M. Gllbreath— 333— R. T. Coles, J. L. Burke. 
Hamilton— Marion Co— 346— A. J. Hamilton, J. F. Hamilton. 
Hartselle— Friendship— 3S3—M. K. Mahan, T. J. Simpson 
Holly Pond— Holly Tond— 567— Geo. W. Watts, S. M. Foust. 
Huntsvllle— E. J. Jones— 357— Geo. P. Turner, B. Patterson. 
Jackson— A. C.V.A.— 497— E. P. Chapman, S. T. Woodward. 
Jackson— Clarke County— 475 — 
Jacksonville— Martin— 292— J. H. Caldwell, W. L. Grant. 



Lafayette— A. A. Greene— 310— J. J. Robinson, G. H. Black. 
Linden— A. Gracie— 50S— John C. Webb, C. B. Cleveland. 
Livingston— Camp Sumter— 332— R. Chapman, J. Lawhon. 
Lower Peachtree— R. H. G. Gaines— 370— B. D. Portis, N. J. 

McConnell. 
I.owndesboro— Bullock— 331— R. D. Spann. C. D. Whitman. 
Luvergne— Gracy — 472— D. A. Rutledge, B. R. Bricken. 
Marion— I. W. Garrett— 277— J. Cal. Moore, YV. T. Boyd. 
Madison Stat'n— Russell — 40S— W. T. Garner, R. E.Wiggins. 
Mobile— Raphael Semmes— 11— W. H. Monk, W. E. Mickle. 
Mobile— M. M. Withers— 675— Gen. Jas. Hagan, F. Kiernan. 
Monroeville— Foster— 407— W. W. McMillan. D. L, Neville 
Montevallo— Montevallo— 496 — H. C. Reynolds, B. Nabors. 
Montgomery— Lomax— 151— Wm. B. Jones, J. H. Higgins. 
Opelika— Lee County— 261— R. M. Greene, J. Q. Burton. 
Oxford— Camp Lee— 329— Thos. H. Barry. John T. Pearce. 
Ozark— Ozark— 3S0—W. R. Painter. J. L. Williams. 
Piedmont— Camp Stewart— 378— J. N. Hood, L. Ferguson. 
Pearce's Mill— Robt. E. Lee— 372— Jim Pearce, F. M. Clark. 
Prattvllle— Wadsworth— 491— W. F. Mims, J. M. Thompson. 
Roanoke— Aiken-Smith— 293— W. A. Handley, B. M. McCon- 

naghy. 
Robinson Spring— Tom McKelthen— 396— J. E. Jones, W. D. 

Whetstone. 
Rockford— H. W. Cox— 276— F. L. Smith, W. T. Johnson. 
Seottsboro— N. B. Forrest— 430— J. H. Young, J. P. Harris. 
Scale— Jas. F. Waddell— 268— R. H. Bellamy, P. A. Greene. 
Selma— C. R. Jones— 317— John C. Reid, Edward P. Gait. 
Sprague Jun'n— Watts— ISO— P. B, Masten. J. T. Robertson. 
Springville— Springville— 223— A. W. Woodall.W. J. Spruiell. 
Stroud— McLeroy— 356— A. J. Thompson, J. L. Strickland. 
St. Stephi ns John James— 860— A, T. Hooks. J. M. Pelham. 
Summerfleld— Col. — G 1 -E. Morrow. R. B. Cater 

Talledegu—C. M. Shelley— 846 w R Miller, D. R. Vanrelt. 
Thomasville— Leander McFarland— 373— J. N. Callahan. Dr. 

J. C. Johnston. 
Town Creek— Ashford— 632— J. j. Beemer, w. J. McMahon. 
Tuscumbia— James Deshler— 313— A. H. Keller, I. P. Guy. 
Tuskaloosa— Rodes— 262— J. R Maxwell, A p, Prince. 

Camp Ruffln— 320— W. D. Henderson, L. H. Bowles. 
'I Coleman— 129— T. Mnmford. B. F. Harwood. 
Union Sp'gs— Powell— 499— c. F. Culver, ,\ H, Pickett. 
Verbena— Camp Gracie— 291— K. Wells, J. A. Mitchell. 
Vernon— Camp O'Neal— 358— J. P. Young, T. M. Woods. 
Walnut (i rove-Forrest— 467 A .1 Phillips, B. W. Reavis. 
Wetumpka Elmore Co.— 255— J. F Maul], H. T. Walker. 
Wedowee— Randolph— 316— C. C. Enloe, R s Bate. 



ARKANSAS 

MaJ Gen. John G. Fletcher. Commander, Little Rock. 

K ii Haynes, Chief of Staff, Van Buren. 
John M. Harrell, Brigadier General, Hot Springs. 
J. M. Bohart, Brigadier General. Bentonvllle. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO OFFICERS 
Alma— Cabell— 202— James E. Smith, J. T. Jones. 
Arkadelphia— Moore— 574— H W McMillan, C. C. Scott. 
Benton— Dodd— 325— S. H. Whitthorne, C. E. Shoemaker. 
Bentonvllle— Cabell— 89— D. R. McKissack, N. S. Henry. 
Berryville— Fletcher— 63S-J. P. Fancher, N. C. Charles. 
Booneville— Evans— 355— G. W Evans, D. B. C;. 
Brinkley-Cleburne-537-M. II Vaughan, I , ri ner 

Centre Point-Haller-192-J. M. Somervell, J. C. Anslev. 
Charleston-P. Cleburne-191-A. S. Cabell. T. N. Goodwin. 
Conway— Jeff Davis— 213— G. W. Rice, W. D. Cole. 
Dardanclle— Mcintosh— 531— \V II c,,e, J. I,. Davis. 

Bttevllle— Brooks— 216— T. M. Qunter, I, m. Patridge. 
Fort Smith— B. T. DuVal— 146— M. M. Gorman, R. M. Fry. 
Forrest City— Forrest— 623— J. B. Sanders. E. Landroight. 
Gainesville— Confederate Survivors— 606— F. S. White. 
Greenway-Clay Co. V. A.-476-E. M. Allen, J. R. Hodge. 
Greenwood— B. McCulloch— 191— Dudley Milum. M. Stroup. 
Hackett City-Stonewall-199-L. B. Lake. A. H. Gordon. 
Harrison— J. Crump— 713— J. H. Williams, J. P. Clendenln. 
Hope— Gratoit— 203— N. W. Stewart. John F. Sanor. 
Hot Springs— A. Pike— 340— Gen. J. M. Harrell. A. curl. 



122 



Confederate l/eterap. 



Jonesboro — Confederate Survivors— 507 . 

Little Rock— Weaver— 354— W. P. Campbell, J. H. Paschal. 
Morrilton— R. W. Harper— 207— W. S. Hanna, H. V. Crozier. 
Nashville— Joe Neal— 208— W. K. Cowling, E. G. Hale. 
New Louisville— Sam Dill— 444— R. H. Howell, B. P. Wheat. 
Newport— Tom Hindman— 318— J. R. Loftin, T. T. Ward. 
Oxford— Oxford— 455— F. M. Gibson, Ransom Gulley. 

Paragon— Confed. Survivors — 449 , . 

Paris— B. McCullogh— 3SS— J. O. Sadler, Win. Snoddy. 

Paragould — Confed. Survivors — 449 , . 

Pine Bluff — Murray — 510— J. T. Landers, C. G. Newman. 
Pocahontas— Con. Vet — 447— W. F. Besphan, R. T. Mackbee. 
Prairie G ro ve— Do.— 3S4— W. E. Pittman, Wm. Mitchell. 
Prescott— Walter Bragg— 428— W. J. Blake, O. S. Jones. 
Rector— Rector— 504— E. M. Allen, J. W. Taylor. 
Rocky Comfort— Stuart— 532— F. B. Arnett, R. E. Phelps. 
Searcy— Gen. Marsh Walker— 6S7—D. McRae, B. C. Black. 
Stephens— Bob Jordan— 6S6— J. W. Walker, C. T. Boggs. 
Star City— B. McCullogh— 542— J. L. Hunter, T. A. Ingram. 

Ultima Thule — Confed. Survivors — 448— , . 

Van Buren— John Wallace— 209— John Allen, J. E. Clegg. 
Walcott — Confed. Survivors — 505 — Benj. A. Johnson. 
Waldron— Sterling Price — 114— L. P. Fuller, A. M. Fuller. 
Warren— Denson— 677— J. C. Bratton, John B. Watson. 
Wilton— Confederate Veteran— 674— J. A. Miller. 
Wooster— J. E. Johnston— 131— W. A. Milam, W. J. Sloan. 



FLORIDA. 



Maj. Gen. J. J. Dickison, Commander, Ocala. 

Col. Fred. D. Robertson, Chief of Staff, Brooksville. 

W. D. Chipley, Brigadier General, Pensacola. 

Wm. Baya, Brigadier General, Jacksonville. 

Gen. S. G. French, Brigadier General, Winter Park. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Apalachicola— Tom Moore— 556— R. Nickmayer, A. J. Murat. 
Bartow— Bartow— 2S4—W. H. Reynolds, J. A. Armistead. 
Brooksville— Loring— 13— F. E. Saxon, F. L. Robertson. 
Chipley— McMillan— 217— Gen. Wm. Miller, R. B. Bellamy. 
Dade City— Pasco C. V. A.— 57— J. E. Lee, A. H. Ravesies. 
DeFuniak Sp'gs— Kirby-Smith— 282— J. Stubbs, D. McLeod. 
Fernandina— Nassau— 104— W. N. Thompson, T. A. Hall. 
Inverness— Geo. T. Ward— 14S— S. M. Wilson, J. S. Perkins. 
Jacksonville— Lee— 58— W. D. Matthews, J. A. Enslow, Jr. 

Jacksonville— Jeff Davis— 230 , C. J. Colcock. 

Jasper— Stewart— 155— H. J. Stewart, J. E. Hanna. 

Juno— P. Anderson— 244 , J. F. Highsmitk. 

Lake City— Columbia Co.— 150— W. R. Moore, W. M. Ives. 
Lake Buller— Barney— 474— J. R. Richards, R. Dougherty. 
Marianna— Milton— 132— M. N. Dickson, F. Philips. 
Milton— Camp Cobb— 538— C. R. Johnston, John G. Ellis. 
Monticello— P. Anderson— 59— W. C. Bird, B. W. Partridge. 
Ocala— Marion Co. C. V. A.— 56— J. J. Finley, Wm. Fox. 
Orlando— Orange Co. — 54 — W. G. Johnson, B. M. Robinson. 
Palmetto— Geo. T. Ward— 53— J. C. Pelot, J. W. Nettles. 
Pensacola— Ward C. V. A.— 10— J. R. Randall, L. M. Brooks. 
Quincy— Kenan— 140— R. H. M. Davidson, D. M. McMillan. 
Sanford— Finnegan— 149— C. H. Leffler, E. W. D. Dunn. 
St. Augustine— Kirby-Smith— 175— W. Jarvis, M. R. Cooper. 
St. Petersburg— Colquitt—303—W. C. Dodd, D. L. Southwiek. 

Tallahassee— Lamar— 161 , R. A. Whitfield. 

Tampa— Hillsboro— 36— F. W. Merrin, H. L. Crane. 
Titusville— Indian River — 47— A. A. Stewart, A. D. Cojien. 
Umatilla— Lake Co. C. V. A.— 279— T. H. Blake, . 



GEORGIA. 



Maj. Gen. Clement A. Evans, Commander, Cartersville. 
Col. A. J. West, Chief of Staff, Atlanta. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Americus— Sumter— 642— A. S. Cutts, J. P. Pilsbury. 
Athens— Cobb-Deloney— 478— J. E. Ritchie, J.W. Brumberry. 
Atlanta— Fulton County— 159— C. A. Evans, J. F. Edwards. 
Augusta— Con. Survi. Ass'n — 435— F. E. Eve, F. M. Stovall. 
Canton— Skid Harris— 595— H. W. Newman, W. N. Wilson. 
Carnesville— Miligan C. V.— 419— J. McCarter, J. Phillips. 
Carrollton— Camp McDaniels— 487— S. W. Harris, J. D. Cobb. 
•Cedartown— Polk Co. C. V.— 403— J. Arrington, J. S. Stubbs. 



Clayton— Rabun Co. C. V.— 420— S. M. Beck, W. H. Price. 
Columbus— Benning— 511— A. A. Dozier, H. F. Everett. 
Covington— J. Lamar— 305— C. Dickson, J. \V. Anderson. 
Cumming— Forsyth— 736— H. P. Bell, R. P. Lester. 
Cuthbert— Randolph Co.— 465— R. D. Crozier, B. W. Ellis. 
Cussetta— Chatahoochie Co.— 477— E.Raiford, C. N. Howard. 
Dalton— J. E. Johnston— 34— A. P. Roberts, J. A. Blanton. 
Dawson— Terrell Co. C. V.— 404— J. Lowrey, W. Kaigler. 
Decatur— C. A. Evans— 665— H. C. Jones, W. G. Whidby. 
Griffin— Spaulding Co.— 519— W. .R. Hanleiter, J. P. Lawlett 

Harrisburg— Chattooga Vet— 422 , L. R. Williams. 

Jefferson— Jackson County — 140— T. L. Ross, T. H. Nibloch. 
Lafayette— Camp Little— 173— W. A. Foster, R. Dougherty. 
LaGrange— Troup Co. C. V.— 405— J. L. Schaub, E. T.Winn. 
Macon— Bibb County— 4S4— C. M. Wiley, S. S. Sweet. 
Madison— H. H. Carlton— 617— C. W. Baldwin, J. T. Turnell. 
Monticello— Newton— 483— W. Newton, T. H. Kennon. 
Morgan— Calhoun Co. C. V. — 106— J. J. Beck, A. J. Munroe. 

Milledgeville— Geo. Doles— 730— C. P. Crawford, .. 

Oglethorpe— Macon Co.— 655— J. D. Fredrick, R. D. McLeod. 
Ringgold— Ringgold— 206— W. J. Whitsett, R. B. Trimmier. 
Rome— Floyd Co.— 368— A. B. Montgomery, A. B. Moseley. 
Savannah— Con. Sur. Ass'n— 596— Dr. T. E. Bessellen. 
Sparta— H. A. Clinch— 470— H. A. Clinch, S. D. Rogers. 
Spring Place— Gordon— 50— R. E. Wilson, J. A. McKamy. 
Summerville— Chattooga— 422— J. S. Cleghorn, L. Williams. 
Thomasville— Mitchell— 523— R. G. Mitchell, T. N. Hopkins. 
Talbotton— L. B. Smith— 402— B. Curley, W. H. Philpot. 
Washington— J. T. Wingfleld— 391— C. E. Irvin, H. Cordes. 
Waynesboro— Gordon— 369— Thos. B. Cox, S. R. Fuleher. 
West Point— W. P. V.— 571— R. A. Freeman, T. 'B. Johnston. 
Zebulon— Pike Co. C. V.— 121— G. W. Strickland, W. O. Gwyn. 



ILLINOIS. 

Maj. Gen. John C. Underwood, Commander, Chicago. 
Col. Samuel Baker, Chief of Staff, Chicago. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Chicago— Ex-Con. Ass'n— S— J. W. White, R. L. France. 
Jerseyville — Benev. Ex-Con.— 304— J. S. Carr, M. R. Locke. 



INDIAN TERRITORY. 



Maj. Gen. R. B. Coleman, Commander, McAlester. 

, Chief of Staff, McAlester. 

John L. Gait, Brigadier General, Ardmore. 
D. M. Haley, Brigadier General, Krebs. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Antlers— Douglas Cooper— 576— W. H. Davis, V. M. Locke. 
Ardmore— J. H. Morgan— 107— W. W. Hyden, F. G. Barry. 
Chelsea— Cherokee Nation-Standerati— 573— W. H. H. Scud- 

er, Col. E. L. Drake. 
McAlester— Jeff Lee— 68— J. W. McCrary, R. B. Coleman. 
Mildrow— Standwater— 514— W. J. Watts, L. S. Byrd. 
Ryan— A. S. Johnson— 644— R. G. Goodloe, J. F. Pendleton. 
South Canadian— Hood — 4S2— E. R. Johnson, J. M. Bond. 



KENTUCKY. 



Maj. Gen. John Boyd, Commander, Lexington. 
Col. Jos. M. Jones, Chief of Staff, Paris. 
J. B. Briggs, Brigadier General, Russellville. 
James M. Arnold, Brigadier General, Newport. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Augusta— J. B. Hood— 233— J. S. Bradley, J. R. Wilson. 
Bardstown— T. H. Hunt— 253— Thos. H. Ellis, J. F. Briggs. 
Benton— A. Johnston— 376— J. P. Brian, W. J. Wilson. 
Bethel— P. R. Cleburne— 252— J. Arrasmith, A. W. Bascom. 
Bowling Green— Do.— 143— W. F. Perry, J. A. Mitchell. 
Campton— G. W. Cox— 433— J. C. Lykins, C. C. Hanks. 
Carlisle— P. Bramlett— 344— Thos. Owens, H. M. Taylor. 
Cynthiana— Ben Desha— 99— D. M. Snyder, J. W. Boyd. 
Danville — Grigsby— 214 — E. M. Green, J. H. Baughman. 
Elizabethtown — Cofer— 543 — J. Montgomery, F. H. Culley. 
Eminence— E. Kirby-Smith— 251— W. L. Crabb, J. S. Turner. 
Falmouth— W. H. Ratcliffe— 682— G. R. Rule, C. H. Lee, Jr. 
Flemingsburg— Johnston— 232— W. Stanley, J. W. Heflin. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



123 



Frankfort— T. B. Monroe— 1SS— A. W. Macklin, J. E. Scott. 

Franklin— Walker— 640— Dr. L. J. Jones, . 

Georgetown— G. W. Johnson— 9S— A. H. Sinclair, J. Webb. 
Harrodsburg— W. Preston— 96 — B. W. Allin, John Kane. 
Henderson— J. E. Rankin— 55S— Gen. M. M. Kimmel, R. H. 

Cunningham. 
Hopkinsville— N. Merriwether— 241— C. F. Jarrett, H. Wood. 
Lawrenceburg— Helm— 101— P. H. Thomas, J. P. Vaughn. 
Lexington— J. C. Breckinridge— 100— J. Boyd, G. C. Snyder. 
Maysville— J. E. Johnston— 442— Dr. A. H. Wall, J. W. 

Boulden. 

Madisonville — Con. Survivors— 52S— Hon. P. Laffoon, . 

Mt. Sterling— R. S. Cluke— 201— T. Johnson, W. T. Havens. 
Newport— Corbin— 6S3— M. R. Lockhart, G. Washington. 
Nicholasville— Marshall— 1S7—G. B. Taylor, E. T. Llllard. 
Paducah— Thompson— 174— W. G. Bullitt, J. M. Browne. 
Paducah— L. Tilghman— 463— T. E. Moss, J. V. Grief. 
Paris— J. H. Morgan— 95— A. T. Forsyth, Will A. Gaines. 

Princeton— Confed. Vets— 527— T. J. Johnson, . 

Richmond— T. B. Collins— 215— J. Tevis, N. B. Deatherage. 
Russellville— Caldwell— 139— J. B. Briggs, W. B. McCartj 
Shelbyville— J. H. Waller— 237— W. F. Beard, R. T. Owen. 
Winchester— Hanson— ISC— B. F. Curtis, J. L. Wheeler, 
Versailles Abe Buford— 97— J. C. Bailey, J. W. Smith. 



LOUISIANA. 



Maj. Gen. W. G. Vincent, Commander, New Orleans. 
Brig. Gen. J. A. Chalaron, Chief of Staff, New Orleans. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP NO. OFFICERS. 
Abbeville -Vermilion— 607— G. B. Shaw. L. C. Lyons. 
Alexandria— Jeff Davis— 6— F. Belp, W. W. Whlttlngton. 

Amite City— Do.— 7S— G. H. Stains. J. M. De Saussure. 
Arcadia— Arcadia— 229— Will Miller, John A. Oden. 
Basti"!' R. M, Hinson— r.TS — J. M. Sharp, James Ford. 
Baton Rouge— Do.— 17— J. McGrath, F. \V. Heroman. 
Benton— Lowden Butler— 409— S. M. Thomas, B. R. Nash. 
Berwick— Winchester Hall— 178— T. J. Royster, F. O. Brien. 
Compte— Cap Perot— 397— Leopold Perot, T. H. Hamilton. 
Conshatta— Henry Gray— 490— O. T. Webb. O. S. Penny. 
Crowley— G. T. Beauregard— 62S— D. B. Hays. .1. M. Taylor. 
Donaldsonville— V. Maurin— 3S— S. A. Poche, P. Gaul, Sr. 

Eunice— Confed. Veteran— 67— D. P. January, - . 

Evergreen— R. L. Gibson— 33— I. C. Johnson. W. H. Oliver 

Farmervllle— C. V. A. Union Pr.— 379— J. K. Ramsay, . 

Franklin— F. Cornay— 345— W. R. Collins, Thos. J. Shaffer. 
Gonzales P. O.— Ogden— 247— J. Gonzales, Sr., H. T. Brown. 
Homer— Claiborne— 54S— Col. T. W. Poole, F. C. Greenwood. 
Hope Villa P.O.— Ogden— 247— J. Gonzales, Sr., H. T. Brown. 
Jackson— Feliciana— 264— Zach. Lea, R. H. McClellend. 

Jeannerette— Alcibiade De Blanc— 634— A. L. Monnot, . 

Lafayette— Gardner— 5S0— J. C. Buchanan, D. A. Cochrane. 
Lake Charles— Calcasieu C. Vets— 62— W. A. Knapp. W. L. 

Hutchins. 
Lake Providence— Do.— 193— J. C. Bass, T. P. McCandless. 
1. "transport— Gamp Hood— 5S9— G. W. Sample, E. Trice. 
Magnolia P.O.— Hays— 451— J. B. Dunn. J. Z. Underwood. 
Magnolia— Livingston— 451— J. B. Dunn. J. Z. Underwood. 
Mandervllle— Moorman— 270— J. L. Dicks, R. O. Pizzetta. 
Mansfield— Mouton— 41— John W. Potts. T. G. Pegues. 
Merrick— I. Norwood— 110— D. T. Merrick, J. J. Taylor. 

Mlnden— Gen. T. M. Scott— 545 Goodwill, H. A. Baraes. 

New Iberia— Confed. Veteran — 670 — Jules Dubus, . 

Monroe— H. W. Allen— 1S2—W. P. Rennlck, W. A. O'Kelley. 

Montgomery— Confed. Vet. Ass'n— 631— H. V. McCain, . 

Natchitoches— Do.— 40— J. A. Prudhomme, C. H. Levy. 
New Orleans— Army N. Va.— 1— F. A. Ober, T. B. O'Brien. 
N>\v Orleans— Army of Tenn.— 2— W. E. Huger, N. Cuny. 
New Orleans— V. C. S. C— 9— G. H. Tlchenor, E. R. Wells. 
New Orleans— Wash. Artillery— 15— Col. A. I. Leverlch, 

E. I. Kursheedt. 
New Orleans— Henry St. Paul— 16— J. Lyons, A. B. Booth. 

v— John Peck— 183— W. S. Peck, J. W. Powell. 
Opelousas— R. E. Lee— 14— L. D. Prescott, B. Bloomfleld. 
Timothea— Henry Gray— 551— W. A. Elliott, T. Oakley. 
Plaquemlne— Iberville— 18— A. H. Gay, L. E. Woods. 
Pleasant Hill— Dick Taylor— 546— J. Graham, I. T. Harrell. 
Rayville— Richland— 152— J. S. Summerlin, W. P. Maghan. 



Rustin— Ruston— 7— A. Barksdale, J. L. Bond. 
Shreveport— LeR. Stafford— 3— W. H. Tunnard. W. Kinney. 
Sicily Island— John Peck— 1S3— W. S. Peek. John Enright. 
Tangipahoa— Moore— 60— O. P. Amacker. G. R. Taylor. 
Thibodaux— B. Bragg— 196— S. T. Grisamore. H. N. Coulon. 
Zachary— Croft— 530— O. M. Lee, W. E. Atkinson. 



MARYLAND. 



Maj. Gen. George H. Stewart, Commander. Baltimore. 
POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS 
Baltimore— Herbert— 657— J. W. Torsch, R. M. Chambi 
Baltimore—]'. Buchanan— 747— H. A. Ramsay, W. Peters. 
Towson— Harry Gilmore— 673— Col. D. R. Mcintosh, S. C. 
Tomay. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



Maj. Gen. S. D. Lee. Command) i . Starke 

Brig. Gen. E. T. Sykes, Chit f ol Staff, C ilumbus 

Robert Lowry, Brigadier Jackson. 

J. R. Binford. Brigadier General, Duck Hill. 

Pi iSTi >FF1, '!•:. ■'AMP. NO OFFII !ERS. 
Amory— Jackson— 427— T. J. Rowan. J. P. Johnston. 

irille W. II. 11. Tison— 179— D. T. Beall, J. W. Smith. 
Brandon— Rankin— 265— Patrick Henry, R. S. Maxey. 

[haven— S. Gwln— 235— J. A. Hosklns, J. B. Daughtry. 
Byhalia- Sa — • , H. H. Stevi 

G. Henry— 312— I. K. Kearney, J. M 
Carrollton— Llddell- 661-J. T. Stanford. \V. J. Wondell. 
Centrevllle Centreville — 161— H .J.R.Jones. 

H G. Prewltt— 439— J. H. Evans. W. M 
Clarksdale Sam Cammack— 550— N. L. Leavell, L. c. Allen. 

Harrison— 27— J. W. Gardner, w . A. Campbell, 
crystal Sq'gs— Humphreys— 19— C. Humphreys, S. H s-by. 
IMw a rds— Montgomery— 26— W. Monti rrett. 

■.. i.. Stephi ns, H Met Had 
Greenwood Reynolds— 218— L. P. Forger, W. \. Gillespie. 
Greenville '.'.. \ Percy— 238— F. w. Anderson, W. Yerger. 
fl P.. Barksdale— 1S9— J. W. Young, Julius Ash. 
Harpersvllle— Patrons Union— 272— M. W. Stamper, C. A. 

Huddleston. 
Hattiesburg Hattlesburg— 21— J. P. Carter. E. II. Harris. 
Hazlehurst D 1 Brown 544 -W. 3 Rea, Tom s Haynle. 

Heidelberg— Jasper c '.ami y- 694 . E. W. White. 

Hernando— DeSo C Dockei I ison. 

luka— Lam p Hammersley, .1 B McKinn 

Hickory Flat— Hickory Flat— 219— J. 1>. Lekey, J. .1 Hicks 
Holly Springs— Kit Mott— 23Sam II. Pryor, W. G. Ford, 
lndianola — A. S. Johnston 549— U. B. Clarke-, w. H. Leach. 
Jackson— R. A. Smith 24 \Y. D Holden, G. S. Green. 
Kosi iusko— Barksdale— 445— C. H. Campbell. J. P. Brown. 
Lake Patrons Union— 272— M. W. Stamper, C. A. Hud- 

'lleston. 

igton W I. Keim— 398— H. J. Reid. F. A. Howell. 
Liberty— Amite County— 226— P. R. Brewer, G. A. McGehee. 
Louisville— Bradley— 352— J. T. McLeod, .1 n Cornwell. 
Maben— S. D. Lee— 271— O. B. Cooke. J. L. Sherman. 
Macon— J. Longstreet— ISO— H. W. Foote, J. L. Griggs. 
Magnolia— Stockdale— 324— R. H. Felder, S. A. Matthew. 
Meridian Walthall— 26— W. D. Cameron. B. V. White. 
Miss. City Beauvoir— 120— E. Henderson, F. S. Hewes. 
Natchez Natchez— 20— F. J. V. LeCand, C. A. Bessac. 
Nettleton— Simonton— 602— J. C. Blanton, W. J. Spark?. 
New Albany— Lowry— 342— C. S. Robertson, M. F. Rogers. 
Okolona— W. F. Tucker— 152— B. J. Abbott, W. D. Frazee. 
Pittsboro— J. Gordon— 653— R. N. Provlne, J. L. Lyon. 

ixville — Pearl River— 540— J. J. Moore, W. D. Woulard. 
Port Gibson Claiborne— 167— A. K. Jones. W. W. Moore. 
Ripley— Tippah County— 453— T. D. Spight. W. G. Rutledge. 
Rock Hill— Catawba— 278— C. Jones. I. Jones. 
Rolling Fork— P. R. Cleburne— 190— J. C. Hall, J. S. Joor. 
Rosedale— Montgom'y— 52— F. A. Montgomery, C. C. Farrar. 
Sardis— J. R. Dickens— 311— R. H. Taylor, J. B. Boothe. 
Senatobia— Bill Feeney— 353— J. H. Womack, T. P. Hill. 
Tupelo— J. M. Stone— 131— Gen. J. M. Stone, P. M. Savery. 
Vaiden— F. Llddell— 221— S. C. Baines. W. J. Booth. 



124 



Confederate l/eterai), 



Vicksburg— Vieksburg— 32— D. A. Campbell, J. D. Laughlin. 
WaterValley— F'stone— 517— M. D. L. Stephens, S. D. Brown 
Walthall— A. K. Blythe— 494— T. M. Gore, Sam Cooke. 
Wesson— Carnot Posey— 441— A. Fairley, J. T. Bridewell. 
Winona— M. Farrell— 311— J. R. Binford, C. H. Campbell. 
Woodville— Woodville — 49— J. H. Jones, P. M. Stock'tt 
Yazoo City— Yazoo— 176— J. M. Smith. C. J. DuBuisson. 



MISSOURI. 



Mai. Gen. J. O. Shelby. Commander, Adrian. 
Col. H. A. Newman, Chief of Staff, Huntsville. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Belton— Col. D. Shanks— 734— R. M. Slaughter, J. M. White. 
Booneville— G. B. Harper— 714— R. McCulloch, W. W. Trent. 
B'ling Green— Senterry— 739— M. V. Wisdom, A. E. Genterry. 

Butler— Marmaduke — 615 — C. B. Lotsprich, . 

Carrollton— J. L. Mlrick— 6S4— H. M. Pettit, J. A. Turner. 
Carthage— Jasper Co.— 522— G. R. Hill, J. W. Halliburton. 
Clinton— N. Spangler^67S— W. G. Watkins, W. F.Carter. 
Columbus— J. J. Searcy— 717— M. G. Quinn, Col. Eli Hodge. 
Exeter— S. Price — 456 — K. Armstrong, G. G. James. 
Farmington— Crow— 712— S. C. Fleming, T. D. Fisher. 
Fayette— J. B. Clark— 660— S. B. Cunningham, A. J. Furr. 
Hannibal— R. Ruffner— 676— S. J. Harrison, T. A. Wright. 
Higginsville— Edwards— 733— R. Todhunter, J. J. Fulkerson. 
Huntsville— Lowry— €36— G. N. Ratliff. J. S. Robertson. 
Jefferson City— Parsons— 71S— J. B. Gantt, Jas. Hardin. 
Fulton— Gen. D. M. Frost— 737— J. N. Sitton, J. M. Bryan. 
Kansas City— Kansas City— 80— J. W. Mercer, J. J. Hatfield. 
Keytesville— Gen. S. Price— 710— J. G. Martin, J. A. Egan. 
Lee's Summit— Lee's Summit— 740— O. H. Lewis, J. A. Carr. 
Lexington— Lexington— 64S— J. A. Wilson, T. S. Chandler. 
Liberty— McCarty— 729— J. T. Chandler, P. W. Reddish. 
Madison— Bledsoe— 679— J. R. Chowning, J. S. Dunoway. 
Marshall— Marmaduke— 554 — J. A. Gordon, D. F. Bell. 
Memphis— Shacklett— 723— W. C. Ladd, C. F. Sanders. 
Moberly— Marmaduke— 6S5— J. A. Tagart, W. P. Davis. 
Mooresville — Mooresville— 541— J. M. Barrow, Nat Fisher. 
Morley— Mai. J. Parrot— 160— A. J. Gupton, J. W. Evans. 
Nevada— Nevada— 662— C. T. Davis, J. D. Ingram. 
Odessa— S. Price— 547— C. J. Ford, W. H. Edwards. 
Paris— Monroe County— 689— J. M. McGee, B. F. White. 
Platte City— Platte Co.— 72S— T. B. George, J. L. Carmack. 
Plattsburg— J. T. Hughes— 696— J. B. Baker, E. T. Smith. 
Pleasant Hill— Do.— 691— H. M. Bledsoe, T. H.' Cloud. 
Rolla— Col. E. A. Stein— 742— H. S. Headley, J. L. Buskett. 
Richmond— S. R. Crispin— 727— J. C. Morris, B. F. Baber. 
Salem— Col. E. T. Wingo— 745— W. Barksdale, J. E. Organ. 
Springfield— Campbell— 4SS—F. C. Roberts, N. B. Hogan. 
St. Louis— J. S. Brown— 659— C. J. Moffltt, B. F. Haislip. 
St. Louis— St. Louis— 731— S. M. Kennard, F. Gaiennie. 
Sweet Springs— Do.— 635— V. Marmaduke, W. C. Hall. 
Vienna— J. G. Shockley— 744— J. A. Love, A. S. Henderson. 
Wanda— Freeman— 690— J. W. Roseberry, H. W. Hamilton. 
Warrensburg— Parsons— 735— W. P. Gibson, D. C. Woodruff. 
Waverly— J. Percival— 711— H. J. Galbraith, A. Corder. 
Waynesville— Howard— 688— C. H. Howard, E. G. Williams. 
West Plain— J. O. Shelby— 630— W. Howard, D. F. Martin. 
Windsor— Windsor Guards— 715— R. F. Taylor, A. C. Clark. 



NORTH CAROLINA. 



Mai. Gen. W. L. DeRossett, Commander, Wilmington. 
Col. Junius Davis, Chief of Staff, Wilmington. 
Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General, Charlotte. 
W. P. Roberts, Brigadier General, Gatesville. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Asheville— Z. Vance— 681— Mai. J. M. Ray, W. W. West. 
Bryson City— A. Coleman— 301— E. Everett, B. H. Cathey. 
Burlington— Ruffin— 4S6— J. A. Turrentine, J. R. Inland. 

Charlotte— Mecklenburg— 382 , D. G. Maxwell. 

Clinton— Sampson— 137— R. H. Holliday, J. A. Beaman. 
Concord— Cabarrus Co. C. V. A.— 212— J. F. Willeford, C. 

McDonald. 
Hickory— Catawba— 162— J. G. Hall, L. R. Whitener. 
Littleton— Junius Daniel— 326— John P. Leech. 



Pittsboro— L. J. Merritt— 3S7— W. L. London, H. A. London. 

Ryan— Confederate — 117 , T. McBryde. 

Raleigh— Junius Daniels— 515— P. E. Hines, J. C. Birdsong. 
Salisbury— Fisher— 309— J. F. Ramsay, J. C. Bernhardt. 
Salisbury— C. F. Fisher— 319— J. R. Crawford, C. R. Barker. 
Statesville— Col. R. Campbell— 394— P. C. Carlton, T. M. C. 

Davidson. 
Washington— B. Grimes— 424— R. R. Warren, C. C. Thomas. 
Wilmington— Cape Fear— 254— W. L. De Rosset, H. Savage. 
Winston— Norfleet— 136— T. J. Brown, S. H. Smith. 



OKLAHOMA. 



Maj. Gen. Edward L. Thomas, Commander, Norman. 
Col. John O. easier, Chief of Staff, Oklahoma City. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Dale— Camp Dale— 706— R. M. Broome, E. A. Bush. 

El Reno— El Reno— 34S , . 

Guthrie — Camp Jamison— 347— , . 



Norman— J. B. Gordon— 200— T. J. Johnson, S. J. Wilkins. 
Oklahoma— Hammons— 177— J. W. Johnson, J. O. Casler. 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 



Maj. Gen. C. Irvine Walker, Commander, Charleston. 
Col. J. G. Holmes, Chief of Staff, Charleston. 
John Bratton, Brigadier General, Winnsboro. 

POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Abbeville — Secession — 415— J. F. Lyon, W. A. Templeton. 
Aiken— B. E. Bee— 84— B. H. Teague, J. N. Wigfall. 
Anderson— Camp Benson— 337— M. P. Tribbe, W. T. McGill. 
Bamberg— Jenkins— 627— S. P. H. Elwell, W. A. Riley. 

Beaufort— Beaufort— 366— Thos. S. White, . 

Bradley— E. Bland— 536— W. E. Cothran, E. W. Watson. 
Buckville— Con. Sur. Ass'n— 529— H. L. Beaty. 
Camden— R. Kirkland— 704— J. D. Kennedy, Joel Hough. 
Charleston— Camp Sumter— 250— V. C. Dibble, J. W. Ward. 
Charleston— Pal' to Guard— 315— G. L. Buist, A. W. Lanneau. 
Cheraw— J. B. Kershaw— 113— T. T. Malloy, S. G. Godfrey. 
Columbia— Hampton— 3S9— A. P. Brown, D. R. Flennikin. 
Duncans— Dean — 437— A. H. Dean, E. J. Zimmerman. 
Easley— J. Hawthorne— 285— R. E. Bowen, J. H. Bowen. 
Edgefield C. H— A. Perrin— 367— G. B. Lake, R. S. Anderson. 
Florence— Pee Dee— 390— E. W. Lloyd, Wm. Quirk. 

Glymphville— Gylymphville— 399— L. P. Miller, . 

Greenville— Pulliam— 297— W. L. Mauldin, P. T. Hayne. 
Greenwood— Aiken— 132—C. A. C. Waller, L. M. Moore. 
Hyman— Hampton — 450— M. L. Munn, R. F. Coleman. 
Kershaw— Hanging Rock— 73S— L. C. Hough, B. A. Hilton. 
Laurens— Garlington— 501— B. W. .Ball, B. W. Lanford. 

Lexington — Lexington— C6S—M. D. Harman, . 

Manning— H. Benbow — 471— C. S. Land, S. J. Bowman. 
Marion— Camp Marion— 641— S. A. Durham, F. D. Bryant. 
McKay— J. Hendricks— 535 — W. A. Evans, J. E. Lowell. 
Mt. Pleasant— Wagner— 410— S. P. Smith, J. R. Tomlinson. 
Newberry— J. D. Nance— 336— J. W. Gary, C. P. Boyd. 
Ninety-Six— J. F. Marshall— 577— G. M. Miller, J. Rodgers. 

North— Con. Vet— 701— G. W. Dannelly, . 

Orangeburg— Orangeburg— 157— J. F. Izlar, S. Dibble. 
Parksville— J. Tillman— 741— R. Harling, S. E. Freeland. 

Pelzer— Kershaw— 742 — , . 

Pickens— Wolf Creek— 412— J. A. Griffin, H. B. Hendricks. 
Piedmont— Crittenden— 707— F. J. Poole, J; O. Jenkins. 
Rock Hill — Catawba — 278 — Cade Jones, I. Jones. 

Sally's— Confed. Vets— 697— A. O. Sally, . 

Simpsonville— Austin — 454 — W. P. Gresham, D. C. Bennett 

Socastee— Con. Suv. Ass'n — 41S— J. Smith, . 

Spartanburg— Walker— 335— J. Walker, A. B. Woodruff. 
Summerville— Jas. Connor — 374— G. Tupper, W. R. Dehon. 
Sumter— Dick Anderson— 334— J. D. Graham, P. P. Gaillard. 
St. Georges— S. Elliott— 51— R. W. Minus, J. O. Reed. 
St. Stephens— Do.— 732— A. W. Weatherby, R. V. Matthews. 

Union— Giles— 70S— J. L. Strain, . 

Walterboro— Heyward— 462— A. L. Campbell, C. G. Hen- 
derson. 
Waterloo— Holmes— 746— R. N. Cunningham, A. E. Nance. 
Winnsboro— Rains— 698— W. W. Ketchin, W. G. Jordan. 
Yorkville— Confed Vets— 702— Maj. J. F. Hart, . 



Confederate l/eterar; 



125 



TENNESSEE. 



Maj. Gen. W. H. Jackson, Commander, Nashville. 
Col. J. P. Hickman. Chief of Staff, Nashville. 
J. A. Vaughn, Brigadier General, Memphis. 
Frank A. Moses, Brigadier General, Knoxville. 



Ni >. 



OFFII ERS 



POSTOFFICE. CAMP. 

Bristol— Fulkerson— 705— A. Fulkerson, N. D. Bachman. 

Brownsville— H. S. Bradford — 126 , H. J. Livingston. 

Chattanooga— Forrest— I— L. T. Dickinson, T. P. Wells. 
Clarksville— Forbes— 77— Butler Boyd, Clay Stacker. 
Dyersburg — \V. Dawson — 552 — W.C. Nixon. L. C. McClerkin. 
Cleveland— J. D. Traynor -690 S. H. Day. L. Shingart. 
Fayetteville— Shackelford-Fulton— 114— J. T. Goodrich, \V. 

H. Cashloh. 
Franklin— Gen. Starnes— 134— J. R. Ni-.lv. G. 1. Cow 
Gallatin— Donelson- 539 J. A. Trousdale, T. I.. Vinson. 
Jackson— John Ingram— 37— Clifton Danccy. .1. W. Gates. 
Knoxville— Zollicoffer— 46— J. F. Home, C. Ducloux 
Knoxville— Fred Ault— 5— Col. J. E. Carter. I!. \ 
Lewlsburg Dibrell 56 S, T. Hardison, w Q oyd 

Maynardvllle— Johnston 722 b. L. i hew, J, .1 Sellers 

McKenzie— S. Jackson— 12— J. P. Cannon. J. M. Null. 
Memphis— Con. His. Ass'n 28 C. W, Frazler, J. P, Young. 
Morristown W. B. Tati 726 — , J. H. McCllster 

Murfreesboro— Palmer— SI— \Y. Ledbetter, H. II. Norman. 
Nashville Cheatham 36 R. i.in Cave, J. P. Hickman. 
Nashville— .1. C. Brown 520 \v C. Smith, Jos, H. Dew. 
Plkevllle— H. M. Ashby— 15S I.. T. Billlngsly, /.. M. Morris 
Pulaski— Wooldrldge 686 J. M. Bass, .1. K. P. Blackburn. 
Shelbyville— W. Frierson— S3— B. F. Smith. I.. A. Ruse 

South Pittsburg— Con. Yets— 672— J. Bright, ■ -. . 

Sweetwater Con Vets 693 — , W, W. Morris. 

Tullahoma— Anderson— 173— J. P. Hickman. W. .1. Travis. 
Winchester Turnej 12 r B Terry. N. l: Martin 



rRANS MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT. 



1. 1 ei it Gen. W, I., i 'abei i, Command' i Dallas, 

Brig. Gen. A. T. Watts, Chief .if Stuff. Dallas, Ti xas 



TEXAS. 

Divisions and Commanders t.. bi suppl i 
PI »STi 'I I'l IE CAMP. NO. OFFIC1 RE 

Abll.ll. Abilell. 72 C \. I. .like. T. \Y . Dallgh.rtV. 

Abilen. -Taylor Co.— 69— H. L. Bentley, Theo Heych 
Alvarado- Alvarado 160 J. M. Hill, .1. R. Post 
Alvin Win. Harl 286 Win ii.ii i. Alfred H. H. Tolar. 
Almi— J. A. Wharton— 286— 1. T. Cobb, S M Richardson. 
Alvor.l Stonewall— 362— J. M. Joins. W. G. I. each. 
Antelope Christian 708 s. Cornelius, W. E. Wallaci 
Anson Jones Co., T. \ 612 J D. Pickens, T. Blan.l. 
Archer City— S. Jackson— 249— A. Llewellyn, T. M. Cecil. 
Athens FT, Martin 66 w T Eustace, T.J. Foster. 
Atlanta— S. Jackson :'l W. P. Edsley, .1. N. Simm... 
Aurora R. Q Mills 860 I ■ W. Slew t. . ! C Leoi 
Austin— J. B. Hood— 103— W. II Richardson, .1 S. Blaine. 
Baird— A. S. Johnston 664— John Trent, 3 E. W. Lane. 
Bellinger McCulloch— 667 -J. M. Crosson, II. i> Pearci 
Bandera Bandera— 643 V. T. Sanders, V I Scott. 
Barli ii Doi k Bell 646 1 •. B. F. Belt, W. .1 ■ la 
Basti.. i> Bastrop 569— R. J. Price, .1 C Buchanan. 
Beaiini.ini v S. Johnston— 75— T. J. Russell, G.W .'linen 

111 v,.,! on -575— W. S. Duggat, K. W. A 
Bells J. w hi i li i 69 P r I Ills .i I Pi 
Belton Bell Co. C. A.— 122— J. Boyd, H i Bradford 
Hardi •' 663 Tom Hollls, J A. Skipper 

tonvllle Cabell 89 D. R. McKissack, N, i. Henry. 

BellvlUe Austin Co. 606— W. L. Springfield, K. W. Reese. 
Big Spring! .i w n. • i i 330- J. W. Barnett, K. B. Zinn. 

on J. Pelham 629— W. E. Mo. .re. A. w. Black 

Boequeville— G. B Q , .1 B Waddell. 

Bonham— Sul Boss— 164— S. Lipscomb, J. r. Holmes. 
Bowie The Bowie I'.iii. mis 672 P. D Rugeley, 



iira.iv B. McCulloch- S63 G. L. Beatty, L. Ballou. 
Brazoria Clinton Terry— 248 W F. Smith, J, r Taylor. 
Breckinridge— Stephens Co 314— J. T. Camp. G. B. l'.rown. 



Brenham— Washington— 239— D. C. Giddings, I. D. Affleck. 
Bridgeport— Do.— 56S—S. W. Cawling, T. W. Redman. 
Brownwood— J'kson— US— J. T. Rankin, J. C R - borough. 
Bryan— J. B. Robertson— 124— H. B. Stoddard, S. M. Derden. 
Buffalo Gap— Camp Moody— 123— R. C. Lyon. L. F. Moody. 
Blum— Polignac— 509— J. M. Pogue, R. W. Sawyer. 

. Mills— Caddo Mills— 502— W. L. i T. Hulsey. 

Caldwell— Rogers— 142— W. L. Wommack, .1. F. Matthews. 
Calvert— Townsend— 111— J. C. Roberts, W. J. Purdom. 
Cameron— B. McCulloch— 29— J. H. Tracey, J. B. Moore. 
Campbell -Camp Ross— 1S5— R. \Y Ridli '• . T. G. Smith. 
Canton— J. L. Hogg— 133— T. J. Towles. \Y. D. Thompson. 
Carthage— Randall— 163— J. P. Forsyth, J. M. Woolworth. 
o Camp Mcintosh— 861— L. s. Eddins, ■ ; W. Ci 

. amp Texas— £67 T, B. Johnson, N I. Griffin. 
Childress— Johnston— 259— E. .1. McConnell, G R Ulen. 

Camp Preveaux— 273— T. AY. Neal, J. s McDonough. 

- ker. 
Clarksvilli -J C. Burks— 656— R. C. Graves, A. I 

Cleburne- Tat ciel.ui n i I' \l I. M S. Kable. 

hi i bj . T Q. Mullln. 
Columbus— S'shire-Upton 112— G. McCormick. B. M. Raker 

in .1 i'. in mi ;•■ .1 .1 c Ulan, M M. Callen 
Conroe— P. P. Poi ler— 60S— L. E. Dunn. W. A. Bennett 

ngs San Jacinto 599— G. W. McKellar, G I, 
Turnby. 
nsville— B'regard— 306— J, B, King. W. 11. Stephenson. 
... h. 1 I 65 .1. T. Tunnell, T. ' (. Moor. 

Commerci R. E Lee 231 >'■ G. Ltndsey, w, 1: Mangum, 

234- .1. N. Boyd, B. B. Taj 
1 :orpus Chi I Downey, M. C. Spann. 

mi C M Winkler 147— A. F. Wood, 11 G Damon, 
n— Joe Wheeler— 681— J. R. Lay, W. M Crook. 

;.. it 111 1 1 W D Prltchard. 

Emmett Lj m Hardt, G( 01 g< n Law. 

Daliu 10I 307 J. N. Zachery, .1 \ tfcGi 

Dallas S. PrlCl D I. Slnait. .1 J. Ml 

\Y A. Mill. 1. \i D S< Mars. 
DeKalb— Tom Walla 1 — "W s. Proctor, J. D. Stewart. 

Denton Sul Ross L29— J. R. Burton, R B Uidei 

1 .. 1 me .1 \y. Whltfiel 'i hompi on, 1 I \ Knight. 

1. .1 r, jo w 1 1"» ..1 .i. 1 D Daj 

Del 1 616 S 11 Barton, J, K Pii 1 

Deport -W. N. Pendleton- 579— C. ( J n kson, J. R. Tride. 
Dodd City Camp Ma WC Moore, — 

m. Yet— 591— R. H. Williams, II. R. McCoy. 
Dublin 1:1 .Mi 5 c.e, .1. t. Harrl I 1 • :illett. 

Dublin A s Johnston— 661 w L. Salsberry, L 1: cillett. 
Eagle Lake— S. Anderson 619 , J B.Walker. 

Eastland S II. Stoul 583 -J. Kimble. R. M. .buns 

Edna C. 1. Owen i W. P. Laughter, G. 1. Gayli 

Elgin Jake Stai F. s, w ade, R P. Jo 

. .1 C. Brow n 168 W. !<• mp, P. F. Edw 

Emma— Lone Star— 19S— J. W, Murray, . 

Fairfield— W I .. M In ^T G. T. ] I G. Stan. lifer. 

Flatonia K Hough 593 R I'aires, R. R. Harrison. 
Floresville Wilson Co.— 225 W.C. Agee, A D. Evans. 

Forn. v Camp Bei 130— T. M. Danii S.G.I I 

Fort Worth— Lee— 158— C. C. Cummlngs, W. M. McConnell. 
riMsi r ... Mills— 106— A. lain, m r Wakefield, 

uvilli J. 1:. Johnston— 11U-.I. M. Wright, W. A. Sims. 
CaU 1— 105— T. N. Waul, c. Washington 

Gatesvilli C. A.— 135 W. L. Saunders, P. C West 
Georgetown— Lessure— 663— S. K. Brown, R. H. Montg'm'ry. 

Gilmer— Con. A', t. Ass'n 622 , J. E. Rawlins. 

Gilmer— Upshur Co. 646— A. B. Boren, J. B. Kawlins. 
Glen Rose Private R Wood— 584- S. Milam, G L. Bo 

I 1: Martin. M. .1 Doyle. 
Goliad II. 11. Brown— 597- .1. P. Kibbe, 1 
Gonzales— K.y -156 -W. B. Sny,rs. M. M. Fitzgerald. 
Gordonvilli H lg< >' ' I odges, W. Basslng 1 

Graham— Young Co.— 127— A. A. Timmons, A . 

I Irani' ■ ' Wich, I. R. M 

i View—Johnston -377— s. N. Hones, W. 1. Stewart. 
Greenville .1 E. Johnston— 267 S. 1: Etter, \ H. H 
Haskell Con. Vets W. W. Fields, s. L. Robertson. 
Hallettsvilli Col. J. Walker— 248 \ Ellis, B 1 Burke. 
Hamilton— A. S. Johnston— 116— 1'.. Fort, I. A II. Smith. 
1 1. msti ■ml— Tom Green— 136— V. B. Thornt.e s s iwarz. 
1 1. n.lerson— Ras Redwine— 295— J. M. Mays, C. C. Doyle. 
Henrietta— Sul Ross— 172— J. C. Skipwith, C. B. Patterson. 
Hillsboro— Hill County— 166— J. P. Cox, Dr. N. B. Kennedy. 



126 



Qotyfederate l/eteraij. 



Honey Grove— Davidson— 294— J. H. Lynn, J. L. Ballinger. 

Houston— Dick Dowlingr— 197— W. Lambert, B. R. Warner. 

Huntsville— J. C. Upton — 13— J. T. Jarrard, K. K. Goree. 

Jacksborough— Morgan— 864— S. W. Eastin. W. J. Denning. 

Jacksborough— Hughes— 365— J. A. Hudson, F. R. Aston. 

Jewett— R. S. Gould— 611— J. E. Anderson. J. W. Waltmon. 

Kaufman— G. D. Manion— 145— J. Huffmaster, D. Coffman. 

Kerrville— Kerrville— 699— R. H. Coivin. G. vv. Coivin. 

Kilgore— Buck Kilgore— 2S3—W. A. Miller, R. W. Wynn. 

Kingston— A. S. Johnston— 71— J. F. Puckett, P. G. Carter. 

Ladonia— R. E. Lee— 126— W. B. Merrill, B. \V. Cummens. 

LaGrange— Col. B. Timmons— 61— R. H. Phelps, N. Holman. 

Lampasas— R. E. Lee— 66— D. C. Thomas, T. H. Haynie. 

Laredo— S. Brunarides— 637— T. W. Dodd, E. R. Tarver. 

Lexington— Lexington— 648— J. A. Wilson, T. S. Chandler. 

Livingston— Ike Turner— 321— T. H. Williams, A. B. Green. 

Liberty— E. B. Pickett— 626— B. H. Cameron, . 

Lexington— T. Douglas— 555— T. S. Douglas, E. A. Burns. 

Llano— Johnston— 647— J. S. Atchison, E. H. Alexander. 

Lockhart— Pickett— 570— M. R. Stringfellow, J. X. L. Curdy. 

Longview— J. B. Gregg— 587— S. E. Nelson, Ras Toung. 

Lubbock— Lubbock— 138— W. D. Crump, G. W. Shannon. 

Lufkin— Camp Lowe— 614— A. W. Ellis, E. L. Robb. 

Madisonville— Walker— 12S— J. C. Webb, G. H. Hubbard. 

Manor— Manor— 664 , . 

Martin— Willis L. Lang— 299— G. A. King, J. T. Owen. 

Marshall— W. P. Love— 621— E. J. Fry, W. G. Rudd. 

Mason— Fort Mason— 61S—W. L. Leslie, Wilson Hey. 

Memphis— Hall County— 245— F. M. Murray, G. W. Tipton. 

Menardville— Menardville— 32S— L. P. Sieker, H. Wilson. 

Meridian— Johnston— 115— T. C. Alexander, S. G. Harris. 

Merkel— Merkel— 79— J. T. Tucker, A. A. Baker. 

Mexia— J. Johnston— 94— J. W. Simmons, H. W. Williams. 

Minneola— Wood Co— 153— J. H. Huffmaster, T. J. Goodwin. 

Jit. Enterprise— Rosser— S2— T. Turner, B. Birdwell. 

Mt. Pleasant— D. Jones— 121— C. L. Dillahunty, J. C. Turner. 

Montague— Bob Stone— 93— R. Bean, R. D. Rugeley. 

McGregor— McGregor— 274— J. D. Smith, W. P. Chapman. 

McKinney— Collin Co.— 109— Col. F. M. Hill, H. C. Mack. 

Mt. Vernon— B. McCulloch— 300— W. T. Gass. J. J. Morris. 

Navasota— H. H. Boone— 102— W. E. Barry, J. H. Freeman. 

New Boston— Sul Ross— 2S7— G. H. Rea, T. J. Wattington. 

Nacogdoches— Camp Raguet— 620 , R. W. Chapman. 

Oakville— J. Donaldson— 195— A. Coker, T. M. Church. 
Orange— W. P. Love— 639— B. H. Nosworthy, P. B. Curry. 
Palestine— Palestine— 44— J. W. Ewing, J. M. Fullinwider. 
Paradise— P. Cleburne— 363— A. J. Jones, L. T. Mason. 
Paris— A. S. Johnston— 70— O. F. Parish, S. S. Record. 
Paint Rock— Jeff Davis— 16S—W. T. Melton, J. A. Steen. 
Pearsall— Hardeman— 290— R. M. Harkness. H. Maney. 
Pleasanton— Val Verde— 594— A. J. Rowe, J. R. Cook. 
Pilot Point— Winnie Davis— 479— O. A. Heme, A. M. Doran. 
Quanah— R. E. Rodes— 661— II. \V. Martin, W. H. Dunson. 
Richmond— F. Tern— 227— P. E. Peareson, H. L. Somerville. 

Ringgold— J. C. Wood— 719 , I). L. Wright. 

Ripley— Gen. Hood— 2S0— W. R. M. Slaughter, J. H. Hood. 
Rising Star— J. McClure— 559— B. Frater, J. T. Armstrong. 
Rockwall— Rockwall— 74— M. S. Austin, N. C. Edwards. 
Roby— W. W. Loring— 154— A. P. Kelley, V. H. Anderson. 
Robert Lee— R. Coke— 600— J. P. Hutchinson, H. H. Heybey. 
Rockport— Rockport— 610— P. H. Terry, G. F. Perreno, Sr. 
Rusk— Ross Ector— 513— M. J. Whitman,' T. S. Townsend. 
San Antonio— A. S. Johnston— 144— D. M. Poor, T. McRae. 
San Augustine— J. Davis— 386— F. H. Tucker, G. E. Gatling. 
San Saba— W. P. Rogers— 322— G. Harris, A. Duggan. 
Santa Anna— Lamar— 371— B. D. Portis, N. J. McConnell. 
San Angelo— S. Sutton— 605— M. Mays, J, R. Norsworthy. 
San Marcos— Woods— 609— W. O. Hutchinson, T. J. Peel. 

Seguin— H. E. McCulloch— J. E. LeGette, . 

Sealy— San Felipe— 624— Sam Stone, N. P. Ward. 
Seymour^B. Forrest— 86— T. H. C. Peery, R. J. Browing. 
Sherman— Mildred Lee— 90— J. H. Dills, Robert Walker. 
South Prairie— South Prairie— 393— W. L. Hefner, . 



Sweetwater— E. C. Walthall— 92— J. M. Foy, J. H. Freeman. 
Sulphur Sp'gs— Ashcroft— 170— R. Henderson, M. G. Miller. 
Taylor— A. S. Johnston— 165— M. Ross, M. B. McLain. 
Terrell— J. E. B. Stuart— 45— J. A. Anthony, V. Reinhardt. 
Texarkana— A. P. Hill— 269— J. M. Benefield, J. D. Gaines. 
Trinity— J. E. B. Stuart— 603— W. W. Dawson, I. N. Parker. 
Tupelo— J. M. Stone— 131— Gen. J. M. Stone, P. M. Sareny. 
Tyler— A. S. Johnston — IS— J. P. Douglas. B. W. Roberts. 



Uralde— John R. Baylor— 5S5—0. Ellis. W. H. Beaumont. 
Van Alstyne— W. Davis— 626— C. J. McKinney. J. W. Pattle. 
Velaseo— Velasco— 592— J. R. Duke, Thos. E. Donhitt. 
Vernon— Camp Cabell— 125— Eugene Easton. M. D. Davis. 
Victoria— Scurry— 516— R. N. Weisiger, W. L. Davidson. 
Waco— Pat Cleburne— 222— J. D. Shaw, Tyler D. Ham. 

Waxahachie— Parsons C. A'n— 296 , A. M. Dechman. 

Waxahachie— W. Davis— IDS— J. N. Gill. A. M. Dechman. 
Weatherford— Green— 169— <J. L. Griscom. M. V. Kinnison. 
Wellington— C. County— 257— J. H. McDowell, J. M. Yates. 
Wharton— Buchell— 228— Bat Smith, R. M. Brown. 
Whitesboro— Reeves— 2S8— J. W. M. Hughes, B. M. Wright. 
Wichita Falls— Hardee— 73— W. R. Crockett, N. A. Robinson. 
Will's Point— Do.— 302— A. N. Alford, W. A. Benham. 
Woodville— Magnolia— 588— J. B. F. Kincade, J. D. Collier. 
Yoakum— Camp Hardeman— 604— F. M. Tatum, T. M. Dodd. 



VIRGINIA. 



Commander and Adjutant General to be supplied. 
T. S. Garnett, Brigadier General, Norfolk. 
Micajah Woods, Brigadier General, Charlottesville. 



POSTOFFICE. 



CAMP, 



NO. 



OFFICERS. 



Abingdon— W. E. Jones— 707— A. F. Cook, T. K. Trigg. 

Appomattox— Appomattox— 700— , . 

Berkley— N'yer-Shaw— 720— L. M. Wingfleld, R. Randolph. 
Gordonsville— Grymes— 724— C. L. Graves, R. H. Stratton. 
Hampton— Lee — 485— J. W. Richardson, W. T. Daugherty. 
Harrisonburg— Gibbons — 438— D. H. L. Martz.J. S. Messerly. 

Independence— Grayson Vets — 669 — R. G. Bourne, . 

Jenkins' Bridge— H. West— 651— F. Fletcher, . 

Pulaski City— J. A. Walker— 721— J. Macgill, R. H. Stewart. 
Radford— Wharton^43—G. C. Wharton, R. H. Adams. 
Reams Station— Stuart— 211— M. A. and A. B. Moncure. 
Richmond— Pickett— 204— R. N. Northern, P. McCurdy. 
Richmond— R. E. Lee— 1S1— J. T. Gray, J. T. Stratton. 
Roanoke— W. Watts— 205— S. S. Brooke, Hugh W. Fry. 
Staunton— Jackson— 169— T. D. Ransom, S. T. McCullough. 

Tazewell— Confed. Veteran— 726 , Jas. O'Keefe. 

West Point— Cooke— 1S4—D. A. T. Whiting, J. H. Phanp. 
Williamsburg— McGruder-Ewell— 210— J. H. Moncure, H. T. 

Jones. 
Winchester— T. Ashby— 240— J. J. Williams, P. W. Boyd. 
Woodstock— Shenand'h— 680— P. D. Stephenson, G.W. Miley. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 



POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Romney— Hampshire— 446— C. S. White, J. S. Pancake. 



WASHINGTON, D. C. 



POSTOFFICE. CAMP. NO. OFFICERS. 
Washington— Washington City Confed. Ass'n— 171— D. J. A. 
Maloney, W. Z. Lord. 

Abbreviations were made when possible to get all in one line. 



It is desirable to have the full list of chapters Uni- 
ted Daugnters of the Confederacy, after the above order, 
as soon as practicable. They should have Presidents 
and Secretaries names where Commanders and Adju- 
tants names appear in the foregoing. 

Sons of Veterans should also be given and it is desir- 
able that organizations under these three heads in- 
clude every Confederate Camp and Chapter in exist- 
ence. 

The purposes of these organizations being the same 
everywhere, and as the veterans are fast passing away, 
charity and patriotism appeal for vigilance in demon- 
strating to the world the unamnity of sentiment and 
eternal devotion to the integrity of character that cost 
so much sacrifice of comfort, treasure and of blood. 

The Confederate Veteran is diligent to this end, 
and will no more cease in its zeal than would the true 
soldier to stand by his colors to the bitter end. 



Qorpfederate l/eterar?. 



127 



COMRADE ASA HARTZ IN PRISON. 



That ever faithful Confederate, Chas. Herbst, 
sends this story from an old Richmond Enquirer: 
"Charlie," well known in Kentucky and in Geor- 
gia, has contributed much of value to the VETERAN, 
and his comrades know he will be faithful "always:" 

The following- spicy and characteristic poetic 
epistle, from the versatile pen of "Asa Hartz," was 
recently received by flag- of truce b} T Judge Robert 
Ould, Commissioner for the exchange of prisoners] 
and is sent us to be preserved in "glorious diurnal." 
"Asa" has been a prisoner of war for nearly a year, 
and no wonder he is getting tired of "rusticating on 
Johnson's Island." His case deserves the attention 
of the authorities. It wont do to let such a "trump" 
go "up the spout": 

Block 1 . Room L2, Johnson's [si ind, Ohio, I 

April 26, 1864 | 
Dear Unolb Bob 

I fear your head 
Has gone a thinking I am dead ; 
Thai ice and snow and doctors' arts 
Had stopped the breath of "' I»a Bartz!" 
1 write this in poe( ic lingo, 
To let .you know I LIVE, by jingo; 
And ask if 3 OU can bring about 
Some certain means to gel me out? 

Haven't you got a Fed'ral "Maje" 

\n\\ resting in some Dixie Cage, 
Who longs to see his loving mann, 
Or visit once again his farm, 
Or gaze upon his "garden sass," 
( )r sec once more his bright eyed lass? 
Haven't you one of these. 1 say, 
Whom you would like to swap away 
For me, a man of vim —of "parts" — 
Swap him. in short, for "Asa II 
I've been here, now, almost a year. 
And sigh for liberty, so dear ' 
I've tried by every means 1 knew 
To bid this Isle a fond adieu ; 
Hug holes, sealed walls, passed through the gate, 
..With Yankee cap upon my pate. 
And when 1 went out on I lie ice, 
\ud thought I'd got awa\ so nice, 
1 met a blue coat in my route. 
Who quickly made me face about: 
Marched me, with diabolic grin, 
Back to the gate, and turned me in ! 
I've swallowed BVery rumor strange. 
That had a word about exchange: 
Grew fat with joy and lean with sorrow, 
Was 'up" to-day, and "down" to-morrow ! 
Implored, w ith earnest ness of soul. 
To be released upon parole ! 

Wrote ben. I>. B. aspicy letter. 
And told him he could not do better 
Than let me out for thirtv days. 
I read his letter in amaze ! 
He said that "things" were mixed up now 
In such a way. he knew not how 
I he favor that 1 asked about 
Could well be granted. Had no doubt 
That "things" would soon be so arranged 
That all of us would be exchanged. 
That ended it. I wrote to Prentice, 

Who several times had kindly lent his 
Purse and name to those who chance. 
And "pomp and glorious circumstance," 
I lad sent to rust ieate aw hile 
Wit bin the "pris— on John son's Isle," 

Well, George D. wrote to Gen. Terry, 

Commandant here — a good man, very, 



And told him if he'd let me out 

For thirty days — or there about, 

He'd take me down into Kentucky — 

See that I didn't 'cut my luck] :" 

Would go my bail, in any sum. 

That, when they wanted me—I'dco 

(4en. Terry wrote him back 

That he must walk the beaten track. 

"1 really thought " said he, you knew it. 

That Stanton, and he alone, can do it !" 

Thus ended that plan — I've no doubt 

That I'm almost "gone up the spout." 

i can devise some means 
To give me change of air and scenes. 
By special swap. 

Now . I Hcle Bob, 

!:■ pal ienl w it h me ' Do not rob 

Me of t he hope 1 fondly cherish 

1 >,. not [ea\ e me here to perish ! 

I'm- sh Milled, cut the cards, and dealt, 

Have played mj bower, (its loss isfelt 

More t han t he i..>> of filthy lucre . 

Please play my hand, save me the euchre' 

And when your latest breath departs. 
You'll die bewailed bj " [sa Harts!" 

p. a 

When you, in answering this, shall write. 
Address me— ''Major Geo. McKnight, 
l'ris. War." Be cautious, very, 
And add on— "care of Gen'l Terry." 



1 ii, -I.- BobV ' i llaru '.) 

Pine Grove, Juns 23, 1864. 
Editor Clarion: 

Fearing that "Asa Hartz's" Uncle Bob may not 
have time to reply to Asa's recent letter in equally 
"poetic lingo," and knowing that he would much 
prefer to do so, I have made bold to write for him 
the following, which he cut use as his own and no- 
body will be the wiser. 

With the assurance that you and "Asa" and 
"Uncle Bob," ami the re^t of mankind, are the re- 
cipients of my most distinguisned consideration, I 
have the honor to be, Yours truly. 

Jack O'Sp vdES. 
Dear SlSA 1 1 u 

Your letter's come, 

And I have though! and pondered some 
To find a new and special plea 

l',\ w Inch to gain your liberty. 
"Pis very true Our "Dixie cages" 
Have inan\ a score of Yankee "Majes" 
Thai would delight, I have no doubt. 
To aid in get! mg \s:i out 
Hut Lincoln thought awhile ago 
"lie had us dead." "I gue-s" you know. 
And so he put his pedal down 
\ml swore, w ii h diabolic frown, 
That nary "Reb" should ever slip 
Who once was gobbled in his grip. 
When told about the rule-...!' w ar. 
lie only laughed a loud Haw I Haw ! ! 
And told bill seward. Chase, and Stanton. 
To listen how the Rebels i ant on 
"Those silly rules;" then, with a poke 
Into their ribs, he told a joke. 

But Chiekamauga came, you see. 

V ml Abraham, to himself, said he, 

■'Gosh dang it, how these Rebels fight! 

1 guess I've been a /. . Ii, tight 

D"pon these 'Rebs,' who might some day 
Gel even with me in this way." 
\ nd I hen the Yanks began to swear 
About Confederate prison fare— 



128 



Qopfederate l/eterap 



And every Dutchman had his ''vrow" 

A writing to Old Abr'ni how 

Her lusty lord was getting thin 

"As never was." Oh, such a din 

'Twas really quite a treat to hear! 

So Abe, he said, "send better cheer." 

Or else they'll all "go up the spout.'" 

Oh, then such loads of Sour Krout. 

And Lager Beer and Apnle Sass, 

And dessicated ''films," too. 

Was sent by every marie and lass. 

You never saw ; but 'twouldn't do 

I sent them back, and told the Yanks 

They couldn't play that sort of pranks. 

And nary "Fed" should have a drop 

Until they made an even swap. 

Then Mumford came and said he'd do it. 

"But 'twas our fault, and well we knew it. 

As how we hadn't swapped before." 

But when we talked the matter o'er, 

The everlasting "nigger" got 

Slightly cross-wise in the plot. 

And stopped the plans for your exchange. 

I hope you will not think it strange. 

What ! Swap a "nig" for Asa Hartz ! ! 

A man of so much vim and parts? 

"Forbid it, Heaven ! !" I hear you say. 

"I'll be a pris'ner till Judgment Day ! !" 

Then Abraham sent B. F. B., 

And thought he'd fool Mars Jeff and me. 

Because the sneaking, cunning "Brute" 

Had been so sly and devilish "cute" 

He'd cheated even the Yankee nation. 

Well, Butler, with insinuatian. 

Sleek, smiling face and ogling eye, 

Came down his tricky hand to try — 

We spurned him like a filthy thing. 

What ! let so foul a creature bring 

Dishonor to our country's fame? 

He ! the "Brute" with cursed name. 

The blear-eyed "Beaste," with reaking hand 

That shetl the best blood of our land, 

The outlawed, foul and hated demon, 

That dared insult our Southern women, 

Hold intercourse with such as he? 

Forbid it. God of liberty ! ! 

No ! better let the prison chain 

Still rankling in your heart remain ; 

Better to bid a long farewell 

To earthly joys, and in your cell 

Lie lingering out Eternity. 

Than on such terms gain liberty. 



But. Asa dear, you need not fear 
So hard a lot ; I 'spose you hear 
How Mr. Grant has set a day — 
'Tis July 4th (the Yankees say) — 
To have a mighty barbecue 
In Richmond town ; but when he's 

there 
With our boys and Robert Lee, 
I think Mars Abe will willing be 
To set you and all others free, ' 
That have for such a lengthy while 
Been pining 'way on Johnson's Isle. 

Spades are trumps now, in these 

parts, 
But none forget old Asa Hartz ; 
And when the "hands" are running 

"hard," 
We sorely miss so good a card. 
Give my love to Mister Terry, 
And tell him not to be contrary 
And keep you always in the jail ; 
I'll "jine" George D. in giving bail. 
"Yours." till cruel death shall rob 
One of the other, 

Uncle Bob. 
Since the above was put in type the 
manuscript copy in an autograph album 
has been sent to the Veteran. More of it 
later. 



CENSURING GEN. JOE HOOKER. 



Singular proceedings occurred at a meeting of 
the joint Legislative Committee in Boston a few 
weeks ago. A motion was being considered to erect 
an equestrian statue to Hooker. Col. Greeley S. 
Curtis, opposing the plan, denounced Gen. Hooker 
as having been a "deserter for resigning on the 
eve of the battle of Gettysburg," and said he was 
"unworthy of a statue." 

Ex-Gov. Boutwell, Gen. Francis A. Walker, Chas. 
CarletonCoffinfCarleton, the war correspondent), had 
spoken in favor of the memorial, and the Committee 
was about to adjourn without remonstrances, when 
Col. Curtis asked to be heard. He said: "Hooker 
was so inert and unaggressive that Lee withdrew 
troops to fight elsewhere against Sedgwick at the 
battle of Chancellorsville. Three days before Get- 
tysburg this patriot resigned. When a private 
leaves an army on the eve of a battle it is called de- 
sertion; the penalty is death. When a General 
leaves in this way, do we reward him with a statue? 
I hope not." During Col. Curtis' address there were 
hisses, and afterward several speakers defended the 
memory of Gen. Hooker in eloquent terms. 

The foregoing is copied simply as news — Editor 
Veteran. 



G. J. Alexander, of the 41st Tennessee Regiment, 
inquires from Fayetteville, Tenn., for two Misses 
Read, of Eatonton, Ga., and two cousins, from East 
Tennessee: "Col. Jones and I stayed all night with 
the father of the two first named in the spring of 
1884. I know the father and mother have passed 
over the River. These ladies will always hold a 
place in my memory." 




Bottlebinding. 

You can't judge of the quality of a book by the binding, 
nor tell the contents by the title. You look for the name 
of the author before you buy the book. The name of 
Robert Louis Stevenson (for instance) on the back guar- 
antees the inside of the book, whatever the outside may be. 

There's a parallel between books and bottles. The 
binding, or wrapper, of a bottle is no guide to the quality 
of the medicine the bottle contains. The title on the bot- 
tle is no warrant for confidence in the contents. It all 
depends on the author's name. Never mind who made the 
bottle. Who made the medicine ? That's the question. 

Think of this when buying Sarsaparilla. It isn't the 
binding of the bottle or the name of the medicine that 
you're to go by. That's only printer's ink and paper ! The 
question is, who made the medicine ? What's the author's 
name ? When you see Ayer's name on a Sarsaparilla bot- 
tle, that's enough. The name Ayer guarantees the best, 
and has done so for 50 years. 




Confederate l/eterap. 



129 



ELEVEN HUNDRED, SEVENTY DOLLARS! 



Readers, male and female, who see the Veteran 
are commended to the movement for a monument to 
the peerless character of Samuel Davis who was 
executed at Pulaski, Tenn., as a spy Nov. 27, 1863. 

Samuel Davis was a Confederate soldier and a 
young man twenty-one years old. He was an up- 
right, intelligent, brave fellow and had been select- 
ed to do perilous service for the Confederacy. Zeal- 
ous for success, he had given his word of honor not 
to betray somebody who had gotten valuable infor- 
mation and papers for him and, with proud heart, he 
was on his way to Gen. Bragg when captured. 
The Federal authorities determined to ferret the 
source of information and undertook to intimidate 
him, but they were astounded at his nerve to main- 
tain his honor. When he had been tried by court- 
martial and condemned to death, the soldiers learned 
the situation and, according to their testimony, 
"the Federal Army was in grief" at his impending 
fate. The heart of the Commanding General, 
Dodge, was evidently much moved, and a courier 
was sent in haste after he had been taken to the 
scaffold to plead with him, once again, to save his 
life by telling who had aided him, but firm as the 
granite mountains — after having written his noble 
mother how very, very much he grieved that he 
must die, and love messages — he said no, he could 
not tell because he had promised not to do so. 

For these reasons, the appeal is not to Confeder- 
ates alone, but to all persons who feel that so peer- 
less a character should be perpetuated before gen- 
erations to come. It is the finest model in existence 
for the human race. He was loyal to the Confed- 
eracy, and he knew that one good soldier would be 
spared to it if he would tell the source of his infor- 
mation — suppose it was the simple hearted negro 
mentioned herein by Mr. Webb — and there was not 
to be a Union soldier exchanged, but his patriotism, 
even then, would not allow him to falsify his word. 
See to it that your name is on the honor roll of con- 
tributors. That record will be preserved hundreds 
of years, and generations ahead will refer to this in 
the VETERAN with pride in the ancestral act. 



In sending four dollars, half for the Veteran 
and the other for the Samuel Davis Monument, 
Hon. '/,. W. Ewing of Pulaski did not mention loca- 
tion and inquiry was sent to which he replied, "Use 
mv subscription for the Nashville Monument. I 
will give something additional here." Thanks to 
Comrade Ewing for this patriotic note. Like Hon. 
John H. Reagan and others he evidently hopes that 
"all three places contending for the honor" may 
have a monument. 



Capt. B. F. Smith, a conductor on the Nashville, 
Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway, an ever faithful 
comrade, writes from Shelbyville, Tenn., March 22, 
about Sam Davis' boyhood. 

I became acquainted with the family while I was 
station agent of the Nashville & Chattanooga Rail- 
road at Smyrna, Tenn., some years before the war, 
and as I got to know them well, classed them among 
my warmest friends. The pictures of the father 
and mother, so faithfully reproduced in the VETER- 
AN, carry me back to that time and review many 
pleasant memories, including with that family many 
dear friends. 

My recollection of Sam Davis as a boy is not so 
vivid as I wish. I fondly remember him as he ap- 
peared at that time, small, rather diffident and re- 
served in manner, but kind and affectionate; was 
ardently devoted to his mother. His younger 
brother, Oscar, who was very mischievous, was his 
constant companion, and they would frequently 
come over to the depot for a romp. One day ( )scar, 
pretending to be in a great hurry, rode up to Ben 
Tompkins' store, called him and asked him if he 
had "all kinds of nails." "Yes." says Ben, "what 
kind do you want?" and he replied: "Give me a 
pound of toe nails," and before Ben could recover 
from his surprise Oscar was gone. 

When our company (Capt. Butler's) was organ- 
ized, none of us knew anything of military tactics, 
and cadets were sent from the Nashville Military 
Institute to drill us, and among the first of the 
cadets sent was Sam Davis. 

He joined Capt. Ledbetter's company of the First 
Tennessee Regiment, known as the "Rutherford 
Rifles," with which he served in all of our hard 
marches, fighting and privations, until detailed 
as a scout. 

T. S. Webb, Esq., Knoxville, Tenn., sends check 
for S108 for himself and others, and writes: 

When this monument was first suggested I was 
much impressed with the unparalleled heroism of 
our Tennessee boy, and have intended ever since to 
give the matter some attention. The last number 
of the CONFEDERATE Veteran was a strong re- 
minder that I had been derelict, and I noted with 
surprise and regret that there had been no contribu- 
tions from East Tennessee, as I know that our 
mountain people admire true heroism as much as 
any people on earth. 

The grand sacrifice of his life by Sam Davis was 
not induced by his desire to sustain his reputation 
as a great officer or a great public man, for he was 
neither, but only a private soldier and a mere coun- 
try boy. It was not induced by his desire to save 
wife or child, or his mother or his father, or any of 
his kindred, or even his friend, as none of them 
were involved. The person involved was a lowly 
negro boy, whom he had persuaded to secure the 
papers from Gen. Dodge's desk. Davis was caught 
with the papers and condemned to be hanged as a 
spj. IK- was offered both life and liberty on con- 
dition that he would betray the negro. The negro 
had absolutely no claim on him, except the moral 
obligation of good faith. 



130 



Confederate l/eterai). 



Sam Davis held steadfastly to this obligation of 
good faith, and refused to betray the negro, even at 
the cost of his liberty and his life. No greater ex- 
hibition of unselfish heroism can be found in histor}- 
or romance, and every American should feel proud to 
honor the memory of Sam Davis. 

Dr. C. H. Todd, Owensboro, Ky., March 9, 1896: 
The incidents you have published relating to the 
life of Samuel Davis are truly touching. Histon' 
does not tell us of any other such hero! Enclosed 
is my mite to the Monumental Fund. 

The Veteran is doing more than all else to keep 
bright the memory of those days so sad, yet so dear. 

Dr. John A. Wyeth, New York City, who sub- 
scribes fifty dollars: The Sam Davis Monument 
ought to be in some public square in Nashville, in 
a conspicuous place; if not there, in the Southern 
Battle Abbey, wherever that may be located. I do 
not know but what the Battle Abbey would be the 
best place for it, for many pilgrimages will be made 
there if it is properly gotten up and supported. 

Capt. J. F. Smith, Marion, Ark. : Enclosed you 
will find one dolllar each from A. B. Rieves and 
Frank G. Smith for the Sam Davis Monument. 
They are not ex- Confederates, but sons who esteem 
it a privilege to honor such a hero. The same love 
for this dear sunny Southland pulsates their hearts 
that did yours and mine in 1861. 

Tipton D. Jennings, Lynchburg, Va., sends con- 
tribution of one dollar for Sam Davis Monument, 
and says: I would vote for placing his monument 
at the late "Capital of Southern Confederacy," as 
Sam Davis' immortal name and fame are a legacy 
to the entire South. His was one of the sublimest 
acts of true heroism recorded in History! 

Responding to a letter of invitation to visit Ten- 
nessee, Hon. John W. Daniel, the "silver tongued" 
orator of the "Old Dominion," after stating it 
would be impossible to come, adds: "I feel great 
interest in the Confederate Veteran and would 
gladly do anything that would promote its success." 

Here is an inscription from a Confederate Monu- 
ment: "It is the magnanimous verdict of mankind 
that he who lays down his life for a cause he deemed 
just is a hero." 

J. L. Dougherty, Norwalk, Cal,, March 4, 1896: 
Enclosed $1.00 for Sam Davis Monument, to be 
placed anywhere the committee or majority of do- 
nators may see fit. 

Capt. W. H. Pope, Superintendent Maryland Line 
Confederate Soldiers Home, Pikesville, Md. : En- 
closed find one dollar for the Sam Davis Monument. 
Wish I could send you one thousand. 

Mrs. Robt. L. Morris, of Nashville, who has trav- 
eled much in her own and foreign lands, sends an 
epitaph for the Samuel Davis Monument. Mrs. 
Morris compares Davis to Nathan Hale, "the young 
Revolutionary officer who, when he came to die at 
the hands of the British, like Davis, regretted that 
he had only one life to give to his country." But 
Hale had not, like Davis, the offer of life for a price. 



The Epitaph suggested is as follows: 
To the memory of Samuel Davis, and his heroic 

sacrifice. 
The grateful citizens of his country have erected 

this monument. 
Not to express their unavailing sorrow for his death, 
Nor yet to celebrate the matchless valor of his life, 
But by his noble example to teach their sons to em- 
ulate what they admire, 
And like him, when duty requires it, to die for their 
country. 



Three cheers for Columbia, Tenn! Mrs. E. H. 
Hatcher undertook an entertainment recently for 
the Sam Davis Monument and reports as net $125. 
Her devotion as daughter of a Confederate Veteran 
is suggested as a model. Her father, Captain Chas. 
W. Phillips, on the secession of his State, Louisi- 
ana, raised the Phillips' Rangers, equipping those 
who needed aid, and this gallant command served 
under Wert Adams in the Western Army. The 
ladies who took active part in assisting Mrs. 
Hatcher are Mrs. A. S. James, Mrs. W. P. Morgan, 
Mrs. Harry Arnold, and Miss Bessie Hendley. 

F. M. Kelso, of Fayetteville, was appointed by 
the Shackleford-Fulton Bivouac to raise funds for 
the monument. He sends eleven dollars and will 
get much more. 

A memorial service at the grave of Samuel Davis 
is being considered by comrades from different 
Bivouacs in Tennessee, to be held some time in 
May. His burial place is twenty miles South of 
Nashville, near the N. C. & St. L. Railway. 




COURTHOUSE AT VICKSBUEG, MISS. 

The above picture will be interesting to every 
Confederate who served at Vicksburg during the 
war. The superb structure is as handsome as ever. 



Confederate l/eterap. 



131 



FOR FAITHFUL CONDUCT. 



Name* and residences of persons who 
honor, with their substance, the peer- 
less fidelity of the noble Samuel Davis. 

Akers, E. A., Knoxville, Tenn 1 00 

Allen, Jos. W., Nashville J100 00 

Amis, J. T., Culleoka, Tenn 100 

Anderson, Dr. J. M., Fayetteville, T.. 1 00 

Arnold, J. M., Newport, Ky 1 00 

Arthur, James R., Rockdale, Tex.... 1 00 

Asbury, A. E., Hlgginsville, Mo 1 00 

Atklason, Marsh, Seattle, Wash 2 00 

Ashbrook, S., St. Louis 100 

Askew, H. G., Austin, Tex 1 00 

Ayres, J. A., Nashville 1 00 

Baldwin, A. B., Bardstown, Ky 2 00 

Barlow, Col. W. P., St. Louis, Mo 1 00 

Barry, Capt. T. H., Oxford, Ala 1 00 

Beard, Dr. W. F., Shelby ville, Ky. .. 1 00 

Beazley, Geo., Murfreesboro, Tenn... 1 ixj 

Bee, Robert, Charleston, S. C 2 00 

Beckett, J. W., Bryant Sta., Tenn.. 1 00 

Bell, Capt. W. E., Richmond. Ky 1 00 

Biles, J. C, McMinnville, Tenn 3 00 

Blackmore, J. W., Gallatin, Tenn.... 5 00 

Blakemore, J. H., Trenton 100 

Boansr, N. S., Lott, Tex 1 00 

Boyd, Gen. John, Lexington, Ky 100 

Bringhurst, W. R., Clarksville, Tenn. 1 00 

Browne, Dr. M. S.. Winchester, Ky... 1 00 

Browne, E. 11., Baltimore, Md 100 

Brown, John C. Camp, El Paso, Tex. 6 00 

Brown, 11. T., Spears, Ky 1 00 

Brown, B. R,, Shoun'S \ Rds, Tenn.. 1 00 

Brown, W. C, Gainesville, Tex 100 

Brown, W. A., St. Patrick. La 1 00 

Brown, B. R., Shonn's X Rds., Tenn.. 1 On 

Brucs, J. H., Nashville BOO 

Burges, R. J., Sequin, Tex 1 00 

Burkhurdt, Martin. Nashville BOO 

Bush, MaJ. W. G., Nashville 2 00 

Cain, G. W., Nashville.. 3 00 

Cargile, J. P., Morrlsville, Mo 1 B0 

Calhoun, Dr. B. F., Beaumont, Tex... 1 00 

Calhoun, F. H., Lott, Tex 1 00 

Calhoun, W. B., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Cannon, Dr. J. P., McKenzle, Tenn.. 1 00 
Carnahan, J. C, Donnels Chapel, 

Tenn 100 

Carroll, Capt. John W., Henderson, 

Tenn 100 

Cassell, T. W., Hlgginsville, Mo 100 

Cassell, W. II., Lexington. Ky 2 00 

Cates. C. T.. Jr.. Knoxville, Tenn BOO 

Cecil. Lioyd, Lipscomb, Tenn 100 

Chadwlck, S. W., Greensboro, Ala,... 1 00 

Cheatham. \V. B., Nashville 100 

Cheatham. W. B., Nashville 5 00 

Chsatham. MaJ. J. A.. Memphis 1 00 

Cherrv. A. G.. Paris, Tenn 100 

Clayton, Capt. R. M.. Atlanta. Ga.... 100 

Clark, Mrs. I. M.. Nashville, Tenn.. 100 

Coffey, W. A., Scottsboro, Ala 100 

Coffman, Dan, Kaufman, Tex 100 

Cohen, Dr. H., and Copt T. Tates col- 
lected, Waxahatchle, Tex 14 00 

Cole, Whiteford R., Nashville 10 00 

Coleman, Gen. R. B., MoAlester, IT. 1 00 

Comfort. James, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Condon, Mike J.. Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Ceok, V. Y., Elmo, Ark 2 00 

Cooper, Judge John 9., Trenton 1 00 

Cowan, J. W., Nashville 100 

Cowardln, H. C. Martin, Tenn 100 

Cunningham, P. D., Washington. D.C.. 1 00 

Cunningham, P. D., Mexican Border. 1 00 

Cunningham, 9. A., Nashville BOO 

Curry. D. . J. H., Nashville 1 00 

Curtis, Capt. B. F., Winchester. Ky.. 2 B0 

Dalley, Dr. W. E., Paris, Tex BOO 

Dance, J. H.. Columbia, Tex 100 

Dargan, Miss Alice W., Darlington, 

B. C 1 00 

Davlo, Capt. G. J., Nevada, Tex 1 00 

Davis, J. M., Calvert, Tex 100 

Davis, Lafayette, Rockdale, Tex 1 00 

Davis. R. N., Trenton 1 00 

Davis, J. K., Dickson, Tenn 1 00 

Davis, J. E., West Point, Miss 1 00 

Davis. W. T.. Nashville 100 

Davidson, N. P., Wrlghtsboro, Tex.. 1 00 
Daviess County C. V. Assn, Owens- 

boro, Ky « U 

Deaderick, Dr. C, Knoxville, Tenn.. 4 00 

Deamer, J. C. Fayetteville. Tenn 1 00 

Dean, G. B.. Detroit, Tex 100 

Dean, J. J., McAllster, I. T 1 00 

Dean, M. J.. Tyler. Tex 1 00 

Deason, James R., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Dtering, Rev. J. R., Harrodsburg, Ky 1 00 

Denny, L. H., niountsvllle, Tenn.... 100 

Dinklne, Lynn II.. Memphis, Tenn.... 1 00 



Dinkins, Capt. James, Memphis 1 00 

Dixon, Mrs. H O., Flat Rock, Tenn.. 1 00 

Donaldson, Capt. W. E., Jasper, T... 100 

Douglas, Mrs. Sarah C, Nashville.... 1 00 

Doyle, J. M.. Blountsville. Ala 1 00 

Duckworth, W. S., Nashville 1 00 

Dudley, MaJ. R. H., Nashville 2*00 

Duncan, J. C, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Duncan, W. R., Knoxville, Tenn.... 100 

Durrett. D. L., Springfield, Tenn 100 

Dyas, Mlas Fannie, Nashville 1 00 

Eleazer, S. D., Colesburg, Tenn.... 100 

Ellis, Capt. H. C, Hartsville. Tenn.. 1 00 

Ellis, Mrs. H. C, Hartsville, Tenn.... 1 00 

Kmbry, J. W., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Emmert, Dr. A. C, Trenton, Tenn.... 1 00 

Embry, Glenn, St. Patrick, La 100 

Enslow, J. A., Jr., Jacksonville, Fla.. 1 00 

Eslick. M. S., Fayetteville, Tenn 100 

Ewing, Hon. Z. W.. Pulaski, Tenn... 2 00 

Farrar, Ed H., Centralis, Mo 1 00 

Ferguson, Gen. F. S., Birmingham.. 1 00 

Finney, W. D., Wrlghtsboro, Tex 1 00 

Fisher, J. F., Farmington, Tenn 100 

Fletcher, Mack, Denlson, Tex 100 

Forbes Bivouac, Clarksville, Tenn.. 26 00 

Ford, A. B., Madison. Tenn 1 00 

Ford, J. W , Hartford, Ky 1 00 

L, Sherman, Tex 100 

Forrest, Carr, Forreston, Tex 2 00 

Foster, A. \Y., Trenton 100 

Foster, N. A., Jefferson, N. C 1 00 

Gay, William, Trenton 100 

Gaut, J. W., Knoxville. Tenn BOO 

George, Capt. .1. 11., HOWell, Tenn.... 1 00 

Gibson, CapL Thos., Nashville 1 00 

Giles, Mrs. L. B., Laredo. Tex 100 

Gooch, Roland, Nevada, Tex 1 00 

Goodlett, D. Z., Jacksonville. Ala 2 00 

Goodlett. .Mrs. M. C, Nashville 6 00 

Goodloe, Rev. A. T.. Station Camp, 

I ,ii 10 00 

Goodner, Dr. D. M., Fayetteville, T 

Goodrich, Jno. T.. Fayi tievllle, Tenn. 1 Oil 

Gordon, D. M., Nashville 1 00 

Gordon, A. C, McKenzle. Tenn 1 00 

Gordon, Dr. B. G., McKenzle. Tenn . 1 00 

Graves, Col, J. M.. Lexington. Ky 1 00 

Gray, S. L., Lebanon, Ky 1 00 

Green, W. J., I 

I, Jno. W., Knoxville, Tenn 

Green, Folger, St. Patricks, La 3 00 

lain, W. H., Park Station, Tenn. 1 00 

Gudgell, D. E., Henderson, Ky 100 

. Isaac. Detroit, Tex 100 

Guest, Isaac, Detroit, Tex 1 00 

Guest, Isaac, Detroit, Tex 100 

Gurst, troit, Ti \ 1 00 

Gwln, Dr. K. P., McKenzle, Tenn 1 00 

II. ill, I.. H., Dixon. Ky 100 

ick, l>r. W. 11. Paris, Tox 1 00 

Hanrlek. K. Y., Waco, Tex 100 

Hardlson, W. T., Nashville 6 00 

Harmsen, Barnev, El Paso, Tex BOO 

Harper, J. R., Rosston, Tex 1 00 

Harris, MaJ. R. H., Warrington, Fla. 1 00 

Harris, J. A., Purdon, Tex 100 

Harrison, J. A. Pardon, Tex 100 

Harrison, w. W., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Hartman, J. A., Rockwall, Tex 1 00 

Hartzog, H. G., Greenwood, S. C 100 

Hatcher, Mrs. E. H., Columbia, Tenn. 

(entertainment) 125 00 

Hatler, Bally, Boliver. Ho 100 

Hayes, E. S., Mlneola, Tex 100 

Haynie, Capt. M., Kaufman, Tex 1 00 

Hemming, C. C, Gainesville, Tex.... 10 00 

Herbst, Chas., Macon, Ga 1 00 

Herron, W. W., Mckenzie. Tenn 1 00 

Hickman, Mrs. T. G., Vandalla, 111... 1 00 

Hickman. John P.. Nashville 1 00 

Hlllsman. J. C, Ledbetter, Tex 100 

Hodges. S. B., Greenwood. S. C 1 00 

Hohnan. Col. J. H., Fayetteville, T.. 100 

Holman, Col. J. H., Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Holman, Col. J. H., Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Holllns, Mrs. R. S., Nashville 100 

Hoppel, Dr. T. J., Trenton 1 00 

Hoss. Rev. Dr. E. E., Nashville 1 00 

House, A. C, Ely, Nev 2 00 

Howell, C. C, Knoxville. Tenn 5 00 

Howe, S. H., Newsom Station. Tenn . 1 00 

Hughes, Louis, Dyersburg, Tenn 100 

Ikirt, Dr. J. J., East Liverpool. O.... 1 00 

Inglis, Capt. J. L.. Rockwell, Fla 5 00 

Ingram, Jno. Bivouac, Jackson, Tenn B 60 

Irwin, Capt. J. W., Savannah, Tenn.. 1 00 

Jackson, G. G., Wetumpka, Ala 1 00 

Jackson. Stonewall Camp, McKenzle. B 00 

Jarrett, C. F., Hopklnsville, Ky 100 

Jenkins, S. G., Nolensville, Tenn 1 00 

Jennings, Tipton D., Lynchburg, Va. 1 00 

Jewell, Wm. H., Orlando, Fla 100 

Johnson, J. W., McComb City, Miss.. 1 ml 

Johnson, Leonard, Morrlsville. Mo... 1 50 



Jones, Reps, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Jones, A. B., Dyersburg, Tenn 100 

Jordan, M. F., Murfreesboro, Tenn... 1 00 

Jourolman, Leon, Knoxville, Tenn... 6 00 

Justice, Wm., Personville, Tex 100 

Keerl, G. W., Culpeper, Va 1 00 

Kelly, J. O., Jeff, Ala 108 

Kelso, F. M., Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Kennedy, John C, Nashville BOO 

Key. J. T., Baker, Tenn 100 

King, Dr. J. C. J., Waco, Tex 1 00 

Kirkman, V. L., Nashville S 00 

Killebrew, Col. J. B., Nashville 6 M 

Knapp, Dr. W. A., Lake Charles, La.. 1 00 

Knoedler, Col. L. P., Augusta, Ky. .. 1 00 

Knox. R. M.. Pine Bluff, Ark 5 00 

Lea, Judge Jno. M., Nashville 10 00 

Lauderdale, J. S., Llano, Tex 100 

Lehmann, Joe, Waco, Tex 1 00 

Lewis, MaJ. E. C, Nashville 26 00 

Lewis, Dr F. P.. Coalsburg, Ala 100 

Levy, R. Z. & Bro., Nashville BOO 

Loftin, BenJ. F., Nashville 100 

Long, J. M., Parle. Tex 108 

Love, Mai. \v. A.. Crawford, Miss... 1 00 

Luckey, C. E., Knoxville, Tenn 6 00 

Luttrell, J. C, Knoxville, Tenn 6 00 

Lyen, E. W.. Harrodsburg, Ky 100 

• .», II. M., Salvlsa, Tex 100 

McAlester, J. J., McAlester, I. T 1 00 

McArthur, Capt P., and officers of 

Steamer A.R. Bragg, Newport, Ark 6 00 

McClung, Hu L.. Knoxville, Tenn.... 5 00 

nald, J. W., Erin, Tenn 100 

McDowell, J. H., rninn City, Tenn... 1 00 

Dyersburg, Tenn.... 1 00 
McGregor, Dr. R. R.. Covington, 

Tenn JB0 

McGulre, Dr. C. B;, Fayetteville, T.. 100 

McKinney, w. K.. Greenwood, S. C. 100 

iBtry, Judge O. L., Carrollton, 

i°° 

McLure. Mrs. M. A. E., St. Louis S 00 

McMlllln, Hon. Benton, M. C. Term.. 6 00 

McRee. W. F., Trenton, Tenn 100 

. Knoxville, Tenn.... 5 00 

McVoy, Jos., Cantonment. Fla 100 

Mallow. I in, Tenn 1 00 

Marshall, J. M.. Lafayette, Tenn 1 00 

Maull. J. P.. Elmore, Ala 100 

Maxwell. Miss Mai v I •:., Na sli ville 5 00 

Meek, S. W., Nashville 6 00 

Meek. Master Wilson 1 00 

i on.... 1 00 

Miller, Tom C, Yellow Store. Tenn.. 1 00 

Miller, Geo. 1".. Raymond, Kan 100 

Minis, Dr. W. D . C ickrum, Miss 1 00 

Miiilnll. J. A.. Bowling Green, Ky.. 2 00 

M.tchell. A. E., Morrlsville, Mo 1 00 

Montgomery. Wm., Arrow, Tenn 100 

, S. C 1 00 

Morton, Dr. I. C, Morganfleld. Ky... 100 

I... Nashville 1 00 

Morris, Miss N. .1 Fl -ihnrg, Md.. 100 

Moss, C. C Dyersburg. Tsnn 100 

N. C. & St. L Ry, by Pres. Thomas. . . 60 00 

Neal, Col. Tom W., Dyersburg, Tenn. 1 0» 

Neames, M. M., St. Patrick. La 1 00 

Nellson. J. C, Cherokee, Miss 1 00 

Nelson, M. H., Hopklnsville, Ky 1 00 

v r man S Cullen, Kn ix\ Ille, Tenn.. 5 oo 

Norton, N. L.. Austin. Tex 1 •» 

Ogllvle, W. H.. Alllsona. Tenn IN 

Overton, Col. John, Nashville 10 00 

Owen, U. J., Eaglevllle. Tenn 1 00 

Owen, Frank A.. Evansvllle, Ind 1 00 

Pardus. Albert E., Cheap Hill, Tenn. . I M 

PartlOW, J. S.. Greenwood. S. C 50 

Parish, J. H.. Sharon, Tenn 100 

Patterson. Mrs. E. H.. Sequin. Tex... 1 00 

Patterson, Mrs. T. L., Cumberld, Md 1 N 

Payne, E. S., Enon College, Tenn I M 

Pendleton, P. B., Pembroke, Ky 1 •• 

Pepper, W. A., Stirling, S. C 1 •» 

Perkins, A. H. D., Memphis, Tenn.. 100 

Perrow, H. W., Noeton, Tann 1 00 

Pierce. W. H., Colllrene, Ala 100 

Pierce, W. H., Collinsville. Ala 1 00 

Pointer, Miss Phil. Owensboro. Ky. . . 1 t* 

Pollock, J. D., Cumberland, Md 100 

Pope, Capt. W. H., Plkesvllle, Md 100 

Prunty, Geo., Boston, Ky 10* 

Pryor, J. T.. (Terry's Texas Ranger). 

Belton 1 •» 

Raines. R. P., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Randall, D. C. Waldrlp, Tex 1 00 

Rast, J P., Farmersvllle, Ala 1 00 

Rast, P. J., Farmersvllle, Ala 100 

Reagan, Hon. John H., Austin, Tex.. 1 M 

Redwood. Henry, As/.evllle, N. C 1 00 

Reeves. Dr. N. P.. Longstreet, La.... 1 »» 

Rl Id, W. II., Sandy Springs, N. C 1 » 

Richardson, B. W., Richmond, Va 1 00 

Ridley, Capt. B. L., Murfreesboro... 60 #• 

Riley, T. v.. Greenwood, S. C 1 Of 



132 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



Rttchards, Sam, Rockdale, Tei 1 0* 

Rieves, A. B., Marion, Ark 1 00 

Roach, B. T., Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Roberts, W. S., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Robbins, A. M., Rockdale, Tex 1 09 

Rose, S. E, F., West Point, Miss 1 00 

Roy. G. W., Yazoo City, Miss 1 00 

Rudy, J. H., Owensboro, Ky 1 00 

Russell, T. A. Warrior, Ala 1 00 

Rutland, J. W., Alexandria, Tenn 1 00 

Ryan, J., Chicago, 111 BOO 

Ryan, Frank T., Atlanta, Ga 1 00 

Sage, Judge Geo. R., Cincinnati 5 00 

Samuel, W. H. Black Jack, Tenn.... 1 00 

Sanford, Dr. J. R., Covington, Tenn. C 00 

Scott, S. P., Dresden, Tenn 100 

Scruggs, John, Altamont, Tenn 2 00 

Seawell, J. B., Atlanta, Ga 100 

Sellers, Dr. Wm., Summerfield, La... 1 00 

Sevier, Col. T. F., Sabinal, Tex 1 00 

Sexton, E. G., Dover. Tenn 1 00 

Shannon, Judge G. W., Lubbock, Tex. 1 00 
Shannon, Col. E. S., Clover Croft, 

Tenn 1 00 

Shields, Jno. K., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Shields, S. G., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Simmons. Col. J. W., Mexia, Tex 2 50 

Sinclair, Col. A. H., Georgetown, Ky. 1 00 

Sinnott, H. T., Nashville 100 

Stnnott, Harry M., Nashville 100 

Sinnott, Sidney L., Nashville 100 

Slatter, W. J., Winchester, Tenn 1 00 

Smith, F. P., Seguin, Tex 1 00 

Smith, Capt. F. M., Norfolk, Va 1 M 

Smith, Capt. J. F., Marion, Ark 1 00 

Smith, Gen. W. G., Sparta, Tenn 1 00 

Smith, Capt. H. I., Mason City, la.... 1 00 

Smith, Miss M. A., Warrenton, Va.... 1 00 

Smith, Frank G., Marion, Ark 100 

Smythe, A T.. Charleston, S. C 100 

Speiasegger, J. T., St. Augustine. Fla 1 00 

Staggs, Col. E. S., Hustonville, Ky.... 1 00 

Stark, J. W., Bowling Green, Ky.... 1 00 

Stinson, Dr. J. B. Sherman, Tex 1 00 

Stone, Judge J. B., Kansas City, Mo.. E 00 



Story. Col. E. L., Austin, Tex 1 00 

Stovall, M. B., Adairville, Ky •„. 100 

Street, H. J., Upton, Ky l 00 

Street, W. M., Murfreesboro, Tenn.... 1 00 

Symthe, L. C. MC, Charleston, S. C. 1 00 

Taylor, R. Z., Trenton 1 00 

Taylor, H. H., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Taylor, Young, Lott, Tex 1 04 

Templeton, J. A., Jacksonville, Tex... 1 00 

Templeton, Jerome, Knoxville, Tenn. 5 00 

Thomas, A. S., Fayetteville, Tenn.. 1 00 

Thomas, W. T., Cumb'd City, Tenn.. 1 00 

Thomas, J. L., Knoxville, Tenn 1 00 

Thomason, Dr. B. R., Era, Tex 1 00 

Todd, Dr. C. H., Owensboro, Kv 100 

Tolley, Capt. W. P., Rucker, Term.... 1 00 

Trowbridge, S. F., Piedmont, S. C... 1 00 

Tucker, J. J., St. Patrick, La 1 00 

Turner, R. S., Ashland City, Tenn.... 5 00 

Tyree, L. H., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

(T. E.) cash, Nashville 100 

Vance, R. H., Memphis, Tenn 1 00 

Van Pelt, S. D., Danville, Ky 1 00 

Voegtley, Edwin B., Pittsburg, Pa.... 2 00 

Voeertley, Mrs. E. B., Pittsburg. P».. 2 00 

Walker, C. A. C, Greenwood, S. C... 1 00 

Walker, John, Cage City, Md 3 00 

Walker, Robert, Sherman, Tex 1 00 

Wall, Drs. W. D., Sr. and Jr., Jack- 
son, La 2 00 

Wall, F. L., Abbeville, La 100 

Ward's Seminary, by J. D. Blanton, 

President 10 00 

Washington, Hon. J. E., M. C. Tenn.. 2 00 

Webb, T. S., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Webster, A. H., Walnut Sp's, Tex.... 1 00 

Welburn, E. H., Nashville, Tenn 1 00 

West, Jno. C, Waco, Tex 100 

White, J. H., Franklin, Tenn 1 00 

Wllkerson, W. A., Memphis 100 

Williams, J. Mat, Nashville 10 00 

Williams, Thos. L., Knoxville, Tenn.. 5 00 

Williams. Robert, Guthrie, Ky 100 

Wilson, Hon. S. F., Gallatin, Tenn... 1 00 



Wilson, Dr. J. T., Sherman, Tex 106 

Wilson, Mrs. S. F.. Gallatin, Tenn... 1 N 

Wilson, Dr. J. T., Sherman, Tex 1 00 

Wilson, Jesse P., Greensboro, Ga 100 

Wilson, Capt. E. H.. Norfolk, Va 1 00 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph. M. C. Ala 1 00 

Wofford, Mrs. N. J., Memphis, Tenn. 1 00 

Wright, W. H. DeC, Baltimore, Md.. 1 00 

Wright, W. N, Fayetteville, Tenn... 100 

Wright, Geo. W., McKenzle, Tenn.... 1 00 

Wyeth, Dr J. A., New York City 50 OO 

Young, Col. Bennett H, Louisville...^ I 0* 

Voung County Camp, Graham, Tex.. 7 H 



Brownlow, J. E., Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. 50 
DwigTil, Dr. R. Y., Pinopolis, S. C... 50 
Fleming, S. N, Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. 50 
1. E. Clark, R. E. Grlzzard and M. M. 
Mobley, Trenton, Tenn.; Capt. 
Chas. H. May and J. W. Fielder, 
Benton, Ala.; Dr. E. Young and W. 
W. Powers, Greensboro, Ala. ; J. 
W. Gllman and H. Heverin, Nash- 
ville; G. N. Albright, W. A. Ross 
and Alonzo Gilliam, Stanton, 
Tenn.; John W. Green and cash, 
Dyersburg, Tenn.; E. J. Harwell, 
Stonewall, La 7 A 

Collins, Mrs. Geo. C, Mt. Pleasant, 
Tenn 25 

C. W. Hlgginbotham, Calvert, Tex.; 
T. O. Moore, Comanche, Tex.; L. 
C. Newman, H. M. Nash, J. W. 
Murnan, G. Shafer, J. F. Coppedge, 
J. K. Gibson, Stanton, Tenn.; J. T. 
Bryan, Mariana, Fla 2 26 



Total amount, . $1,1 72.50 



FOUGHT THIER LAST BATTLE. 



Fanny H. W., writes: At his residence in Wil- 
liamson County, on Sunday March the Sth, 1896, 
there passed to his final reward another of the old 
soldiers — Samuel Houston Moran — in the sixty- 
ninth year of his age. Comrades are fast falling-. 

He was a brave soldier, a true citizen, an honor- 
able man, one who had the courage of his convic- 
tions, and his word was sacred. As a friend his 
friendship knew no limit. 

With a bright mind and a true heart in the cause, 
the incidents of the war made a deep impression 
upon him. The last conversation I had with him 
betrayed the deep love he had for his comrades and 
especially for his old commander, Frank Cheatham. 

His efforts in life were crowned with success 
He leaves a good estate, and a large family of wor- 
thy decendants to share the inheritance of his life's 
record, so honorable and free from blemish. 

Miss Hettie May McKinstry sends this unique 
note from Carrollton, Ala., March 13th, 1896: I 
have received the watch and it is a beauty. I prize 
it very highly because it will be a constant reminder 
that I have done something to circulate a journal 
whose mission is to see that justice is done to the 
gallant heroes who wore the gray, who fought, suf- 
fered and died for a noble cause and from patriotic 
motives. I have been sick; as soon as I am recover- 
ed I will go to work and try to get up another club. 

Ben LaBree, Box 507, Louisville, Ky. : I would 
like to obtain the names and addresses of all living 
ex-Confederate officers, sailors and marines of the 
Confederate States Navy, Blockade Runners, etc. 
Can Vetkran readers aid me? 



Dr. C. R. Armistead, Prescott, Ark., on January 
11th, announced the death of two comrades of Camp 
Walter Bragg, United Confederate Veterans: C. C. 
Black was a member of the Sixth Arkansas Regi- 
ment and was wounded in the battle of Chickamau- 
ga in his left leg; he carried his wounded leg 30 
years, which was finally amputated the 7th of last 
August. This was followed by a succession of ab- 
scesses and he died 30th of December, '95. His re- 
mains were taken to his former residence. The oth- 
er was First Lieut. W. L. Gaines, formerly of Gads- 
den, Alabama, where he enlisted in Capt. Ray's 
Compan3'^Nineteenth Regiment, Wheeler's Cavalry 
— which he commanded part of the time. Comrade 
Gaines died suddenly, January 7th, of a paralytic 
stroke. Col. W. J. Blake, commanding Camp Wal- 
ter Bragg, made a call and 44 Veterans responded, 
marched in procession, divided into two platoons 
and fired successively two volleys over his grave. 

D. B. F. Belk, of Bartlett, Texas, is now in his sev- 
entieth year. He enlisted May, '61, and served in 
the Sixteenth Alabama Infantry. Was at Fishing 
Creek, Shiloh, Chickamauga, Ringgold, Rocky Face, 
and on to Atlanta, etc., and surrendered at Iuka, Miss. 
He organized the Dock Belk Camp at Bartlett — or- 
ganized May 11, 1895, and, although a private in 
the war, he has ever been its commander. 

Comrade T. P. Waller, of Bessemer, Alabama, 
wishes to procure a cop)'of "The Charge of Rhodes' 
Brigade at Seven Pines." 



E. L. 
tive of 
1895. 



Pennington of the Dock Belk Camp, a na- 
Missouri, born in 1820, died January 20, 



Confederate l/eterap. 



133 



GRAND DIVISION OF VIRGINIA. 



Mrs. Kate Noland Garnett, University, Virginia, 
reports the following' Chapters added to Grand Di- 
vision in Virginia, Daughters of the Confederacy: 

Harrisonburg, formed February 14th: President, 
Airs. Frank J. Brooke; Vice-President, Mrs. Geo. 
G. Grattan; Treasurer, Mrs. Jno. T. Harris, Jr. ; 
S« - etary, Mrs. Meyers. 

Fredericksburg, formed February 28th: President, 
Mrs. J. N. Barney; Vice-President, Mrs. J. H. 
Lacy; Treasurer, MissSallieN. Gravatt; Secretary, 
Mrs. V. M. Fleming. 

Danville Chapter, "Anne Eliza Johns,' - formed 
March 9th. President, Mrs. Bergman Green; Vice 
President, Mrs. B. W. Flinn; Treasurer, Mrs. Green 
Peun; Secretary, Miss Nannie Wiseman. 

The "Pickett Buchanan" Chapter, United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, at Norfolk, Va.. with 
Mrs. James T. Leigh, President, joined the "Grand 
Division of Virginia" on March 10th. 

Six other Chapters are nearly ready, and will be 
duly recorded. The Grand Division of Virginia 
now numbers over one thousand members, though 
the work of organizing other Chapter from the 
'Albemarle" began less than a year ago. 



UNITED DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERACY. 



Daughters of the Confederacy in the State of 
Maryland. Board of Managers for 1896: President. 
Mrs. D. Giraud Wright; Vice-Presidents, Miss 
Kate Mason Rowland and Mrs. Charles Marshall; 
Secretaries, Mrs. Hugh H. Lee and Mrs. F. M. 
Colston; Treasurer, Mrs. E. S. Beall; Managers, 
Mesdames William Reed, von Kapff, Thomas B. 
Gresham, B. Jones Taylor, J. F. Dammann, Miss 
Dora Hoffman. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy in the State of 
Maryland are deeply interested in the effort to raise 
the fund for the Battle Abbey. To this end the 
Board of Managers has secured the services of (leu. 
Fitzhugb Lee to deliver a lecture in Baltimore under 
the auspices of the Society, on Thursday, May 21st, 
at Ford's Opera House. 

The Society expects to have an audience worthy 
of the name and fame of the distinguished Confed- 
erate soldier. The Maryland Society is a large and 
influential organization and much enthusiasm is 
manifested bj T the members for the noble work in 
which they are engaged. The Society has frequent 
meetings at which historical papers and personal 
reminiscences are read. Arrangements have been 
recently made for the purchase of the bust of Gen. 
Robert' E. Lee, byVolck, at a cost of $550. This 
magnificent work of art is to be the property of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy in the State of Man- 
kind, and will be temporarily placed in the Histori- 
cal Hall of the Johns Hopkins University until a 
place shall be selected for its pi .manent disposition. 

At the organization of the Society last May, an 
address was delivered by the President and has been 
published as outlining the objects of the Society. 



The membership is now about 300 and is con- 
stantly increasing. It is known as Baltimore Chap- 
ter No. 8, in the United Daughters. 

A Virginia Daughter of the Confederacy states: 
I db not understand what is meant hy the "Grand 
Division of Virginia," Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy. Of what organization is it a "Division?" The 
four Chapters of which you speak in your March 
number as belonging to the United Daughters were 
formed into a Virginia Division, United Daughters 
of the Confederacy, as long ago as last October. 
Other Chapters have since been added to the Divis- 
ion and we would be glad to welcome any and all 
of the Chapters organized by Mrs. Garnett. 

Please correct, in your next number, the false 
impression likely to arise from Mrs. Garnctt's state- 
ment in your February issue about forming a 
"Division," to which she invites "the five Chapters 
in Virginia * * Chartered by the United So- 
ciety." The Division antedates that union of Mrs. 
Garnett's Chapters which took place in February, 
by over three months. Yet it is entirely ignored in 
her letter, and overlooked, apparently by "Vet- 
eran" quoted in your paper as appealing to all Vir- 
ginia women to act w T ith the United Daughteisof 
the Confederacy. 

Charter members of Chap. No. 30, Portsmouth, 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, Virginia Di- 
vision, elected the following officers: Mrs. Sallie 
Magruder Stewart, President; Mrs. Martha C. Ash- 
ton, Vice President; Miss Virginia Griffin, Record- 
ing Secretan ; Mrs. Alice Hargroves Jenkins, Cor- 
responding Secretary; Mrs. Rebecca Marshall Nash, 
Treasurer; Committee on By-Laws, Misses Nannie C. 
Murdaugb, Esther M. Wilson, and Clara Johnson 
Neely; Committee on Finance, Mrs. Octavia Reed 
Parrish. Mrs. Margaret J. Crocker, Miss Nancy M. 
Reed, Mrs. Mary W. Maupin, Mrs. Mary A. Riddick. 

The Shenandoah Chapter, No. 3,2. United Daugh- 
ters of ti ederacy at Woodstock Virginia, is 
growing in numbers and interest. Mrs. James II. 
Williams, President; Mrs. S. Campbell, Secretary. 

A; Gainesville, Ga., a Chapter of the Daughters 
of the Confederacy has been organized, electing the 
following officers: Mrs. Jasper Dorsey, President; 
Mrs. B. J. Mozier, Vice President; Mrs. E. M. 
Clayton, Corresponding Secretary; Miss Bird Lilly, 
Enrolling Secretary; Mrs. Joseph Boone, Treasurer. 
The membership is about twenty-live. 

Charter mkmbeks of "Black Horse" Chapter. 
— The Daughters of the Confederacy, Chapter 
No. 9, Warrenton, Va., began with Misses Mary 
Amelia Smith, Virginia Lomax, Julia Lomax, 
Mary Welby Scott, Virginia Stmmes Payne, 
America Semmes Payne, Mary Ellen Scott, Lily 
Pollock, Agnes Robb Payne, Lizzie B. Fitzhugh, 
Cornelia Sinclair, Constance Tyler, Mary Randolph 
Hicks, Alice Dixon Payne, Lily Adams, and Mes- 
dames Eppa Hunton, Jr., Wm. C. Marshall, Win. 
H. Payne, Wm. M. Spilman, Lily Marshall Green, 
Anderson Doniphan Smith, George Stone, Alfred 
Forbes, Hugh Hamilton, Walter H. Robertson. 
Mary Amelia Smith, daughter of Gov. Billy 
Smith is the President. 



134 



Confederate l/eteran. 



The ladies of Danville, Va., have organized as 
Daughters of Confederacy, with the following offi- 
cers: President, Mrs. Berryman Green; Vice Pres- 
ident, Mrs. B. W. Flinn; Treasurer, Mrs. Green 
Penn; Secretary, Miss Nannie Wiseman. 

Twenty-three members were enrolled, constitution 
and by-laws adopted, and the Chapter starts off well. 



UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. 



Mrs. John C. Brown, President, Nashville, Tenn. 
Mrs. L. H. Raines, Vice President, Savannah, Ga. 
Mrs. J. Jefferson Thomas, Recording Sec'y, Atlanta, Ga. 
Mrs. I. M. Clark, Corresponding Sec'y, Nashville, Tenn. 
Mrs. Lottie Preston Clark, Treasurer, Lynchburg, Va. 



ALABAMA. 



POSTOFFICE. CHAPTER. NO. OFFICERS. 
Camden— 36— Miss Sallie Jones, Mrs. Mary T. Beck. 



ARKANSAS. 



Hope— 31— Mrs. C. A. Forney, Mrs. T. H. Sims. 



FLORIDA. 



Jacksonville— 19— Mrs. M. C. Draysdale, Mrs. R. C. Cooley. 



GEORGIA. 



Mrs. C. Helen Plane, President, Atlanta. 

Mrs. L. H. Raines, Vice President, Savannah. 

Mrs. J. K. Ottley, Corresponding Secretary, Atlanta. 

Mrs. Virginia C. Bates Conyers, Rec. Sec'y, Covington 

Mrs. B. O. Miller, Treasurer, Augusta. 

Miss Rebecca Boggs, .Registrar, Augusta. 
.Augusta— 22— Mrs. Ida Evans Eve, Mrs. A. J. Miller. 
Atlanta— IS— Mrs. C. Helen Plane, Mrs. J. K. Ottley. 
Covington— 23— Mrs. V. B. Conyers, Mrs. R. M. Mcintosh. 
Macon— Lanier— 25— Mrs. R. E. Park, Mrs. T. O. Chestney. 
■Savannah— 2— Mrs. L. H. Raines, Mrs. W. R. Thigpen. 
Rome— 28— Mrs. M. M. Pepper, Mrs. J. A. Gammon. 
Waynesboro— 27— Mrs. E. H. Calloway, Mrs. E. E. Blount. 



KENTUCKY. 



jLexington, Ky.— 12— Mrs. O. L. Bradley, Mrs. J. M. Graves. 



TENNESSEE. 



Mrs. M. C. Goodlett, President, Nashville. 
Mrs. S. F. Wilson, Vice President, Gallatin. 
Mrs. J. P. Hickman, Secretary, Nashville. 
Mrs. John C. Gaut, Treasurer, Nashville. 



INDIAN TERRITORY. 



.McAlester — 10— 



Miss Ida Coleman. 



MARYLAND. 



(Baltimore— 8— Mrs. D. Glraud Wright, Mrs'. F. M. Colston. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



Meridian— 24— Mrs. E. T. George. 

Columbus— 34— Mrs. J. M. Billups, Mrs. Thos. Franklin. 

•West Point— 39— Mrs. M.W.Higginbotham, Mrs.D.C. Lanier. 



NORTH CAROLINA. 



■Wilmington— 3— Mrs. E. H. Parsley, Mrs. Justice Meares. 
■Waynesboro— Margaret Jones— 27— Mrs. E. H. Calloway. 
Mrs. E. E. Blount. 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 



Charleston— 4— Mrs. A. T. Smythe, Miss M. B. Washington. 
Columbia— 29— Miss Kate Crawford, Mrs. Thos. Taylor. 
Columbia— 42— Mrs, J. M. Barnett, Mrs. N. Holman. 
Marion— 3S— Mrs. M. E. Durham, Miss Kate L. Blue. 



Nashville— 1— Mrs. John Overton, Miss Nellie Ely. 
Jackson— 6— Mrs. R. A. Allison, Miss A. C. Clark. 
Gallatin— Clark— 13— Mrs. S. F. Wilson, Miss M. Rogan. 
Franklin— 14— Mrs. M. J. Gentry, Miss Susie Gentry. 
South Pittsburg— IB— Mrs. Will E. Carter, Miss Katie Cooke. 
Fayetteville— IS— Mrs. F. Z. Metcalfe, Miss M. I . Metcalfe. 



TEXAS. 



Galveston— V. Jefferson Davis— 17— Mrs. H. J. Ballenger, 

Misa Ruth M. Phelps. 
Dallas— 6— Mrs. Kate C. Currie, Mrs. L. H. Lewis. 
Ennis— 37— Miss Kate Daffon, Miss M. Loggine. 
Waco— 26— Mrs. John C. West, Mrs. Fitzhugh. 
Alvin— Lamar Fontaine— 33— Mrs. Sampson. 
Sherman— 35— Mrs. E. W. Brown, Mrs. M. M. Jouvenot. 
Victoria — 44 — Mrs. J. M. Brownson, Mrs. J. P. Pool. 



VIRGINIA. 



Mrs. Lottie Preston Clark, President, Lynchburg. 

Mrs. Samuel Boyer Davis, Vice President, Alexandria. 

Mrs. C. W. Hunter, Recording Secretary, Appomattox. 

Miss Ruth Early, Corresponding Secretary, Lynchburg. 

Miss Virginia Beverly Corse, Treasurer, Alexandria. 

Miss Belle Hunter, Historian, Warrenton. 

Miss M. Morson, Registrar, Warrenton. 
Alexandria— Mary Curtis Lee— 7— Mrs. P. T. Yeatman, Mies 
M. L. Floyd. 

Alexandria— 41 — , Miss Alice E. Colquhoun. 

Appomattox— 11— Mrs. G. W. Hunter, Mrs. M. L. Harvey. 
Farmvillle — 15— Mrs. H. V. Edwards, Miss E. W. Johnson. 
Lynchburg— Otey— 10— Mrs. N. O. Scott, Miss R. Jennings. 
Norfolk— 21— Mrs. Fannie J. Leigh. 

Portsmouth— 30— Mrs. S. Magruder Stuart, Mrs. R.M.Nash. 
Warrenton— 9— Miss Mary A. Smith, Miss M. R. Hicks. 
Woodstock— 32— Mrs. J.H.Williams, Mrs. Dr. J.L.Campbell. 



WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Washington -Anna Stonewall Jackson— Mrs. E. T. Bullock. 
Washinjrton-^13— Mrs. Bryant Grlner, Mrs. C. M. Payne. 



Wm. Gooch, Jr., writes from Perry, La.: Editor 
Veteran: At the request of my father, who now 
lies silent in his grave — dying March 10, '%, after 
six days illness — I write you. 

James E. Gooch shed his blood for the Southern 
cause while a member of Company A, Twenty- 
ninth Mississippi Volunteer Infantry, Walthall's 
Brigade. I have his badges; one with the name of 
his command, which he wore last May at the Hous- 
ton re-union; two others as Official Delegate. 

My father joined the army January 15, '63, the 
month that he was eighteen, and fought bravely to 
the end. He was wounded once in the "battle above 
the clouds." Of this he wanted to write. 

Father made a solemn vow never to be captured, 
but he had narrow escapes. Once all his comrades 
were captured or killed, and he and his commander 
escaped by running. He was ensign at the close of 
the war. His flag had a hundred and twenty-nine 
holes in it and he tore from it a star and bar. 

Additional tribute comes from a brother of the de- 
ceased, who was also his comrade in the brigade.— Ed. 



Confederate l/eterap 



135 



A Lad Wanted to Know. — Mrs. John C. Brown. 
President United Daughters of the Confederacy, is 
constantly receiving- mail and having visitors whose 
theme is Confederate matters, and her little grand- 
son, Brown, son of Hon. Benton McMillin, a mem- 
ber of Congress, having become much concerned, but 
not wishing to seem importunate, said: "There is 
one thing I would like to know; was George Wash- 
ington an old Confederate?" 



VETERANS' DAY AT MONTEAGLE. 



ComradeMcLean, President of the Frank Cheat- 
ham Bivouac, tells a good one on his Tennessee 
comrade, Bennett Chapman, of Lewisburg. Their 
company was left on a kind of scout service in a 
section of Virginia that had been robbed by the 
armies, so that forage was scarce. Some of the boys 
got together a half bushel or so of corn and got 
Chapman to take it to a mill in the vicinity. That 
honest Confederate seeing that no toll had been 
taken, asked the miller if he hadn't made a mistake. 
"No" he icplied "I never toll my own corn". 



Capt. James Gwyn died very suddenly of paraly- 
sis at the home of his son, Mr. John Gwyn in Bart- 
lett, Texas. December 1st. He had gone into his 
room when he was heard to fall, which attracted 
the attention of the family, and upon entering, they 
found him upon the Boor in a dying condition, and 
he passed peacefully a way shortly afterwards. 

Captain Gwyn was horn in Walton County, Ga., 
Aprils, 1833. In 1836 his parents moved to Fay- 
ette County, Tennessee, where he enlisted in the 
Confederate service, and was Captain of Company 1), 
Fourteenth Tennessee Cavalry, under General For- 
rest until the surrender at Selma, May 11, 1865. 

Captain Gwyn was a gallant soldier, an honora- 
ble citizen. At the funeral there were a number of 
his comrades. 



Notice of the death of Gen. Thomas Jordan, who 
died at his home in New York City, November 27th. 
has been delayed. Gen. Jordan was born at Luray, 
Va., in 1819. He was roommate at West Point 
with William T. Sherman. He served in the Semi- 
nole and Mexican wars, and afterward with the 
troop' in California and Oregon. 

In 1861 he resigned his Captaincy in the United 
States army and joined the Confederate. He was 
with Beauregard at the First Manassas and at Shi- 
loh as Brigadier General. After the war he was 
for a time connected with the Memphis Appeal, and 
in the controversy between President Davis and 
Beauregard he espoused the cause of the latter. 

In 1869-70 he enlisted for Cuba against Spain. 
In 1871 he came to the United States to intercede 
for the Cubans and was arrested under the Neutral- 
ity laws, but was never tried. 



THE FINE WATCH PREMIUM, HERETO- 
FORE DESCRIBED, "WITH ELGIN MOVEMENT 
OR A FINE DIAMOND RING WITH FOUR 
PEARLS, GUARANTEED GENUINE, FOR 25 
SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE VETERAN. 



Dedicated to the old soldiers and to 




I \ IT. \\ . K. <i AliKITT. 

11 :l?ll a.m.— Mass Meet inn of the 
BR M-v ; A tl it res s by 
M r s. Clemen r < ' i \ v 
I i opton, of Alabama. 

As question* pertaining to 
the interest of the 01 
ganization will lie dis- 
cussed it is hoped i hat 
large delegations of 
Daughters will come 
from all tlie S o u t b. 
Other meetings will be 
held if necessary, n 



the organization* striving for 

their welfare. 
Special Excursions from all 

points on tlie X. V. ,(• St. 

L. 1\>J. One fare for 

round trip. 

Full accommodations at 
Monteagle for the thou- 

s.inils who will come. 
Positively no increase 
of prices permitted. 

Presiding Officer of the Day : 

W. K. (i \KRETT, 

Professor of American 
History, Peabody Nor- 
mal College; Ex-Presi- 
dent of National Edu- 
cational Association. 

I in. Regular School 
Exercises. 
Id :00 a.m. Normal Insti- 
tute. 

iMl GnTERSOF THE ( 'ONFED- 



l\ 





Mrs, i . c. Ci.opton. 



Gin. John B. Gordon. 



2:00 p.m. — Address by General 
•Inns B. Gordon, United 
stai,^ Senator from Georgia, 
and Commander- i n-C h i e f . 
United Confederate Veterans: "The Last Days of the Con- 
federacy 
4:00 p.m.— Grand,Concert: 
P at r i o t i <• and War 
Songs, under the direc- 
tion of Miss K s t h e r 
Butler, Augusta, <ia , 
assisted by Eiseman's 
Orchestra. Recital by 
Miss Emmie Frazier. of 
Alabama. 
4:45 p.m. — Mass Meeting 
of Veterans, Capt. W. 
R. Garrett presiding. 
Leading topic: "Roues 
Memorial Battle Abbey." 
Addresses by prominent 
veterans from 'various 
States. 
7:30 p.m.— Twilight Pray- 
ers. 
7:50 p.m. — Concert by 

Eiseman's < Irchestra. 
8:15 p.m. — Grand BiVouao: Address by Col. George T. Fry, 

Chattanooga, Term., an eloquent veteran. 
Camp Fire at Warren's Foint ; Orchestral Music ; Songs and 

"The Rebel Yell." 
For Particulars write to A. P. BouRLAND, Nashville. Tenn. 




Co: . « ; i-<>. T. Fry. 



136 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



ATTRACTIVE KOUTE TO RICHMOND 



The Sixth Annual Reunion of the United Confederate 
Veterans to take place in Richmond, June 30th to July 2nd., 
promises to be a season of enjoyment to those old soldiers 
who for years upheld the Southern cause and did with all 
their might, what they considered to be their whole duty. 

The pleasure of Veterans who live in Arkansas, Texas and 
the Southwest may be greatly augmented by coming through 
Memphis and on to Nashville, via the Nashville, Chattanooga 
& St. Louis Ry., and from Nashville by the same line to 
Chattanooga and on to Richmond. It is the great battle 
route upon which there were more than twenty engagements 
during the Civil War. The old soldiers, by stopping over in 
Nashville for a day, could revisit the beautiful range of hills 
lying South of the city, where Hood, after the terrible battle of 
Franklin — November 30th 186-1 — planted his army and gave 
battle to Thomas, on the 15th and 16th of December, follow- 
ing. That was the last desperate struggle in Middle Tennes- 
see for supremacy. After this the thunders of battle died 
away in the distance and Tennessee lost all hope for the 
success of the Southern Confederacy. 

Some comrade has offered to write of the cir- 
cumstances attending the death of an officer and 
staff who fell on the spot that this monument 
erected, but his address 
can't be recalled.; 
It is located close by 
the track of the 
Nashville, Chat- 
tanooga and St. 
Louis railway 
near Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn., and 
where a govern- 
ment park would 
be seen by many 
thousands of peo- 
ple. It is near 
• Stone's River. 

"ERECTED WHERE THEY FELL." 

Near Murfreesboro, 30 miles en route to Chattanooga, on the 
N. C. & St. L. Railway, the sternly contested battle between 
Generals Bragg and Rosecrans, was fought December 31, 1862, 
to January 2, 1863. In this senesof engagements more than 
25,000 men were killed, wounded, or missing from the two 
armies. General Bragg withdrew to Tullahoma, on the 
Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway, and went into 
winter quarters. At the battle of Stone's River or Murfrees- 
boro each general seemed to have anticipated the purpose 
of the other. Each attacked where he felt himself the strong- 
est, and the attack was made where the enemy was weakest. 
Ninety thousand men were engaged in both armies. In June 
following, active hostilities were resumed. Bragg fell back 
from Tullahoma to Chattanooga. General Forrest made a 
raid on Murfreesboro, July 13, '62. and released many citizens 
from jail, took 1,700 prisoners, and many army supplies, 
valued at $1,000,000 or more. On December ",'61, an attack 
was made on tire town by Generals Forrest, Bate and Jackson, 
and the railroad was torn up from Lavergne to Murfreesboro. 

Shellmound, on the Tennessee River, 129 miles from Nash- 
ville, on the N., C. & St. L. Ry., has a heritage of ancient re- 
nown and is well worthy of the notice of the old soldier. 
Within sight of this station is Nickajack Cave, which played 
an important part in the early history of Tennessee. A band 
of Cherokee Indians had their headquarters at this oave and, 
watched for the boats of the early immigrants who came down 
the Tennessee River, with a view to robbing them. A raid 
was made upon them in 17S4 by Major Ore, and seventy of their 




warriors were killed and their towns destroyed for the sec- 
ond time. Ramsey, in his Annals, says that Andrew Jack- 
son was a participant in this battle and rendered distin- 
guished service. 

In September, lSb.'l, Chattanooga became the center of the 
greatest military activity. The town was evacuated by the 
Confederate forces under General Bragg on the seventh and 
eighth of September, 1863, and immediately thereafter was 
occupied by General Rosecrans, commanding the Federal 
forces. 

There are many points of interest in and around Nashville 
besides the battlefield that would be attractive to Veterans. 
The Exposition grounds, growing in beauty daily, with their 
magnificent structures will be worth a visit. In a word it al- 
ready promises to be the most beautiful exposition ever held. 
The surrounding scenes are charming. Towards the East 
the City of Nashville appears with its crowded streets, its 
many spires and the state Capitol sitting like a queen upon 
its elevated throne dominating all the city below. 

The Belle Meade Stock Farm, six miles from the city may 
be seen as one approaches the city from the West. Here 
one may see stallions worth from $10,000 to $150,000 and 
scores of the best bred yearling colts in America. 

The Vanderbilt University, with its grand piles of build- 
ings, stands out sharply against the western sky as one looks 
from the dome of the Capitol. There are over eighty schools 
and colleges in Nashville. There are several mammoth 
manufacturing establishments in the city that would startle 
many of the old soldiers and show them how great the advance 
in this line has been since they laid down their arms. The 
great foundry of the Phillips & Buttorff Company turns out 
45,000 stoves annually. This concern employs 450 men. 
The large saw mills on the East side of the river handle 
more than 100,000,000 feet of hardwood lumber annually, 
which makes Nashville the largest hardwood market in the 
world. The four cotton mills, with an invested capital of 
$1,500,000 employ 2,000 operatives and have 51,000 spindles— 
1.500 looms —producing annually nearly 20,000,000 yards of 
cloth, will be a grand sight for many. A woolen mill in the 
city has 3,000 spindles and employs 200 hands. J* 





"UMBRELLA ROCK." 

[Kind of monument at graves of In sight of N. C. & St. L. rail- 
Gen. Ben Hardin Helm and other way on point of Lookout Moun- 
generals of Confederate and Union taih. This overlooked what is 
Armies in Chickamauga National known as "battle above itue 
Military Park.] 2) [clouds.. "J 

The packing house has the capacity of slaughtering 2,500 
hogs, 500 cattle and H00 sheep every day, which work goes on 
through summer and winter. This will be a revelation to 
these who h ive only seen such work going on in winter. 

The old soidiers should, by all means, select the route by 
Nashville. Even should they feel no especial interest in the 
large manufacturing establishments, the associations of the 
various places with the troublous times of the war will am- 
ply compensate them for taking this route. 

The scenery will also arrest attention. From Cowan to 
Chattanooga, the main line of the Nashville, Chattanooga & 
St. Louis Railway passes through the most lovely scenery in 
that vast region drained by the Mississippi River and its 
tributaries. 

Rounded domes lifting their heights to the blue empyrean 
above, deep chasms, rocky defiles, gushing streams, broad 
rivers, dark forests, where the varying tints of the different 
foliage add a special charm to tne landscapes, valley farms 
embosomed among the mountains; all these have an attrac- 
tive influence difficult to describe but full of pleasure to the 
observer. 



i I liHHI 



<*fcadfe*A*M 



MAY,. 1 8V«. 



PATRIOTIC AND PROGRESSIVE. 



PKICfc, 10 CHKT.H. 



Confederate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



PKICK $1 00 PER YKAR, j tl TV 

in AnvANflK. I V ULi. XV. 



in Advance 



Nashville, Tenn., May, 1896. 



VT„ c (S. A. CUNNINGHA1TI, 

NO. 0. EDITOR. 




B01 I'll (' A Will. IN A rMTKDCONKKIiEKATF, VETfc WANS AT CI I A Wl.ES ION. 



r^&m*wv^v^*y*v^* l ^v^*w*'^w^vw*^^^&i**^'^*^*^^***** 



i««vf«^<««vf««r«««<v««««<«i 








I 



Qoofederate l/eterap 



There is much omitted from this number that was 
intended for it. The June issue will contain notes 
of much that was intended to appear in a more 
elaborate way. The demand for special reunion 
space compels these changes. Of the articles de- 
layed, that of acknowledgement to railroads will 
have special attention. 



The Charleston News and Courier (April 24th | 
says: "There is still a bit of vanity about the old 
soldiers. * * * When General Walker an- 
nounced that an artist would take a picture of the 
Division for the Confederate Veteran, the old 
soldiers could be seen bracing- up and trying to look 
as young- as they might have twenty years ago." 



MISSOURIANS GO TO RICHMOND REUNION. 

Kansas City, Mo., May 6, 1896. 

Adjutant-General Newman sends out General ( )t- 
der No. 4, stating that the cost of transportation 
from St. Louis to Richmond and return is $19.65; 
that they will have as many through cars and 
sleepers as may be needed. 

The train will leave St. Louis on Saturday, June 
27, at 8:30 p.m.. arriving at Louisville at 7 o'clock 
next morning, where there will be a reception by 
the Louisville Camp U. C. V. At Lexington, Ky., 
there will be another reception They will arrive 
at Richmond Monday morning. 

The city of St. Louis, through its U. C. V. 
Camps, "has resolved to attempt to secure the Na- 
tional U. C. V. Reunion of 1897." 

The Major General commanding Missouri Divis- 
ion requests each Camp to send its full quota of del- 
egates, if possible, to aid in securing the Reunion. 



The Marshall. Tenn., Gazette of May 1896, states 
that recently while Mr. Henry Pointer, of Spring 
Hill, was passing through his premises he discovered 
the remains of a Federal soldier which had been 
exposed by the overflow of a creek. Various arti- 
cles were found in a state of almost perfect preser- 
vation. Parts of the army blanket in which he 
was wrapped were in evidence and a minie ball 
which caused his death, was found between his ribs. 
He was killed just previous to the battle of Franklin. 



Battle Abbey Meeting at Fayettkvii.i.e, 
Tenn.— Mrs. F. Z. Metcalfe. President, Zollicoffer— 
Fulton Chapter, United Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy, Fayetteville, Tenn., May 9, "96, writes: The 
Battle Abbey Tournament given by our Chapter of 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, and the 
Shackleford Fulton Bivouac — Confederate Veterans, 
April 25th, ''»<>, was, I believe, the first Battle Ab- 
bey entertainment given in the State, and was suc- 
cessful beyond our most sanguine expectations. 

The proceeds amounted to over two hundred dol- 
lars, and though we had a good many heavy ex- 
penses we netted a handsome sum. 

We placed one hundred dollars in bank to the 
credit of the Confederate Memorial Association, (to 
be devoted to the erection of the Battle Abbey . we 



donated five dollars to the Samuel Davis Monument 
fund, five dollars to assist in rebuilding a fence 
around the Confederate burying ground at Resaca 
Georgia, and we placed the remainder, amounting 
to about sixty-five dollars, in bank to the credit of 
our Chapter for future use. 

The programme consisted of brilliant attractions, 
with inspiring music by the Fayetteville and Peters- 
burg bands. The following features were good. 

Grand bicycle parade, pony race by boys, bicycl- 
ing by bo3's, from 10 to 15 years old, potato race, by 
men of any age, bicycling by little girls, and an 
old time game of bull pen, played in the old fash- 
ioned way. The entertainment was concluded by 
a tournament. 



UNDERWOOD'S CHICAGO MONUMENT. 



Gen. John C. Underwood's connection with the 
Chicago Monument Movement is widely known. 
It has been described and commented upon ex- 
haustively. His years of unceasing zeal in its 
achievement naturally enough make him feel 
pride in it and a desire to make record beyond the 
granite ami marble structure, so as a work of love 
and pride he has published a volume that richly 
merits liberal notice and patronage. 

The book contains some 200 elegant half-tone en- 
gravings and fine etchings, and it is a complete his- 
tory of the ceremonies incident to the dedication 
of the Confederate monument in that city, the en- 
tertainments afterward to the same guests at Cin- 
cinnati. Ohio, and Fort Thomas, Kentucky. The 
cover is as perfect a blending of the colors of blue 
and gray as seems possible. 

The frontispiece is a full page scene in Oakwood 
Cemetery in the springtime, showing the highest 
artistic skill, while all through the book there are 
etchings and half-tone engravings of a high order. 
The record of the beautiful service has been pre- 
pared with vigilant care, so if the edition of the 
book is large enough it will do much good. 

Some conception of the work that General Un- 
derwood has done for our cause may be had in a re- 
view from this book of the Confederates that died 
in Northern prisons. He has published largely their 
names in pamphlets, and in this work he compiles 
the numbers in the various prisons 

The aggregate number is 23,532 which are at the following 
places in part : 

In Illinois, at Alton. 2,218; Chicago (Camp Douglas). 
8,229; atRock Island, 1,960. 

In Indiana, at Indianapolis, Camp Morton. 1.484. 

In Maryland, at Point Lookout, 3,445 : at London Park, 100. 

In New Jersey, at Kinnis Point, Fort Delaware, 1 ,434, 

In New York, at Elmira, 2,947 ; on Long Island (Cypress 
Hills), 488. 

In Ohio, al Columbus (Camp Chase), 2,161 ; on Johnson's 
Island nenr Sandusky. 206. 

There are in his report in Pennsylvania, 239, and at Madi- 
BOn, Wisconsin. 137. 

The total outlay for the Chicago Monument is $24,57] 60. 

The price of this beautiful volume is S2.50. Send 
that, with thirty cents additional for postage, 
either to the VETERAN or to Gen. Underwood. In 
renewing for the Veteran, enclose $3.00 name 
to be stamped in gold. There are not many extra 
copies and there will not be printed another edition. 
The work is too expensive. 



Confederate l/eterai). 



HE GOT IT. 

Master John Cochran, Columbia, Tenn., is the 
first to secure a bicycle offered by the Veteran — 
see the lad his treasure and his letter. 




Columbia, Tenn., April 27th: "The bicycle receiv- 
ed promptly. It is a beauty, and I am well pleased. 
I got up the list of subscribers in three afternoons after 
school, which turned out at three, and collected the 
money the following - Saturday. I would consider 
myself well paid had it taken me a month to secure 
the list. Please accept my thanks." 

This is a rare opportunity for you to get a wheel 
free. The Veteran's popularity makes it easy to 
secure the required number in a very short time. 
It is beautifully illustrated with half-tone pictures 
of men, women and scenes made famous by heroic 
actions. Write immediately for sample copy. 
Address, Confederate Veteran. 

The Seaboard Air Line, so well presented in the 
Veteran has forged to the front in a most enterpris- 
ing way. It is owned more largely by Southern 
capital, perhaps, than any of the roads in the country, 
and its management is enterprising to the credit of 
its section. 




UMBRELLAS and CANES. 



Recovering and 
Repairing. . . 

BORGNIS & CO., 

222 N. Summer St., Nashville, Tenn. 



THE SIXTH ANNUAL REUNION OF THE 
U. C. V. AT RICHMOND, VA. 

The Reunion at Richmond, Va., this year prom- 
ises to be one of the best in the history of the 
United Confederate Veterans. The committees 
are pushing the work on a very extensive scale. 
All of the Veterans who go to the Reunion will re- 
ceive a welcome that will cause them to feel the 
greatest pride in the fact that they followed the 
fortunes of the Lost Cause. Among the many in- 
teresting features the committees have inaugurated 
for the benefit and pleasure of the Veterans, is one 
of the handsomest souvenir programmes ever gotten 
up for a like occasion, and its contents will prove a 
lasting memento of the Reunion. A work gotten 
up on such a magnificent scale is obliged to be lim- 
ited in edition. There is a great demand for it 
already. All those who wish to secure a copy should 
apply at once by letter to the J. L. Hill Printing 
Company, Richmond, Va., who have the work in 
hand for the committee. The price is 50 cents per 
copy and 10 cents postage. 

INTERESTING CAVALRY HISTORY. 



"Hancock's Diary," a history of the Second Ten- 
nessee (Barteau's) Cavalry, is an octavo volume of 
644 pages, containing 20 portraits and 36 biograph- 
ical sketches. 

It is a history of whatever army the author served 
with from the beginning to the close of the war, 
including also a history of Forrest's Cavalry for the 
last fifteen months. The author was a member of 
Bell's Brigade, Buford's Division. The frontispiece 
is a portrait of General Forrest, made from a fine 
steel plate. 

The price has been reduced from $2.50 to $2.00. 
Clubs will be supplied as follows: Five at $1.75; and 
ten at $1.50 each. 

It will be given postpaid as a premium for seven 
new subscribers or renewals; and it will be sent 
with the Veteran a year for $2.50. 

Hancock's comrades generally are well pleased 
with the book.' 



A TRIP TO THE REUNION FREE. 



The Gulf Messenger, a monthly magazine devoted 
to the South, and published at San Antonio, Texas, 
offers, as a premium for subscriptions, a trip to the 
Reunion at Richmond. Anyone should be able to 
obtain the premium on the easy terms offered. 
For particulars write to 

The Gulf Messenger, 

San Antonio, Texas. 



<?otyfederal:(> V/etera 9. 



Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kmarea Topics 

S. \- ( I'NMNGHAW 

Editor. 



Pbick, 10 Cents, j <t , T ,- 
Trablt,$1. i Vol. i\ . 



Nashville, Tenn., May, 1S96. 



No. 5. : 



Entered at the postoffice, Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or $20 a year, except 
'fttt page. One page, one time, special, $40. Discount: Half year, one 
Issue; one year, two issues. This is an increase on the former rate. 

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is to« 
important for anything that has not special merit. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month before it ends. 
For instance,' if the Veteran be ordered t«> begin with January, the dale on 
mail list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 

The "civil war" was too long ago to be called the "late" war and when 
oorrespondents use that term the word "great" (war) will be substituted. 

SOUTH CAROLINA COMRADES REUNION. 



"You could get enough from this meeting to till 
the Vktekan," said a comrade in Charleston at the 
Reunion of United Confederate Veterans in South 
Carolina last month. The News and Courier intro- 
duced an elaborate account as follows: 

If there is one spot under the blue canopy of 
Heaven in which Confederate soldiers should feel at 
home that spot is Charleston. Not only was Charles- 
ton the cradle of the cause for which they fought. 
but above all other cities she has kept the faith of 
the Lost Cause sacred. She has not faltered in her 
devotion to the nation to which she gave birth 
when the first gun was fired at Sumter, and she 
has never failed to do honor to the men who bore 
a gallant part in the great struggle. It is peculiarly 
appropriate, therefore, that Confederate Veterans 
should assemble here. 

The old soldiers of South Carolina have accepted 
the invitation so cordially extended to them by the 
City of Charleston. The Veterans have come from 
one end of the State to the other, and for one and 
all of them Charleston has the wannest welcome. 

In that spirit the Veterans, Sons of Veterans and 
the Daughters of the Confederacy had, through the 
efficient and excellent organizations, arranged all 
details for thorough hospitality of the South Caro- 
linians who had passed through the terrible ordeal 
of '<>1 '65 untarnished. 

The paper added: And now that the Veterans 
are here all that Charleston asks is that they shall 
enjoy themselves; that they shall accept the hospi- 
tality extended to them in the spirit of friendship 
and good fellowship in which it is offered to them. 

Attention was given cordially to the writer, men- 
tioned by the News as the "first man to successfully 
run a journal entirely in the interest of the Confed- 
erate Veterans," and every helpful means conceiv- 
able was given in its interests. 

'Tis needless to say that the hospitality of the 



city was extended by Daughters of the Confederacy. 
On the first day they entertained seven hundred at 
luncheon. Their President, Mrs. A. T. Smythe, 
had a multitude of co-workers, and though weari- 
ness of Severely taxed natures must have laid claim 
upon them, there was no lack of animated enthu- 
siasm in their happy faces. A happy feature of the 
entertainments was in the daily excursions tendered 
by the Young Men's Business League. Its Presi- 
dent, Mr. Welch, made a brief address represent- 
ing the appreciation of young Charleston of the 
valor of those who risked all and suffered much for 
the State in years long gone. 




(_;ev C. n;\ im. w \i ker. 

The Major General commanding U. C. V. in the 
Palmetto State, C. Irving Walker, is proud of his 
office. Happily, he is exactly fitted for it. While 
"one of the boys" socially, he is a fine parliamen- 
tarian and a splendid executive officer. 

Col. James G. Holmes, the Adjutant General, 
ever zealous in the cause, has contributed his full 
share of the work to make Confederate orgniza- 
tions effective in his State. To no other person is 



140 



Confederate l/eterap. 



the Veteran quite so much indebted for its beau- 
tiful growth. In this connection a memorable 
event is recalled. En route to Richmond for the 
burial of- Jefferson Davis, at the request of a niece 
of Mrs. Stonewall Jackson the writer had gone 
through a special car from Charleston to inquire for 
a gentleman who was not of the party, when 
"Holmes is here," was announced by one of the 
party. Holmes was called, and greeting the editor 
of the Veteran, said: "I have just gotten twenty 
subscribers for }-ou. Here's the money." That was 
a gratefully remembered event. Since that night 
Colonel Holmes has been faithful to stand for the 
interests of the Veteran, and to his zeal and in- 
fluence the largest list of subscribers, outside of 
Nashville, is that of Charleston. 




COL. JAMES G. HOLMES. 



Gen. Johnson Hagood was called for by his old 
soldiers, and though he desisted as the soldier whose 
motto is action, they persisted until he responded, 
and he did it so as to thrill his audience with the 
manly qualities of the Confederate soldier. 



A sensation of delight occurred when General 
Walker, observing upon the platform at opposite 
end of the hall Miss Mildred Lee, announced the 
fact, and appointed himself a committee of one to 
escort her to the speakers' stand. It was a very fe- 
licitous appointment. Certainty no woman ever 
had a more enthusiastic reception. Rebel Yells 
have now and then been heard, but this one, mildly 
stated, was superbly typical. 

The great speech of the occasion, and an oration 
that ought to be, in its completion, in the Veteran 
and in every Southern home, was made by Gen. Clem- 
ent A. Evans, of Georgia. Its production, com- 
plete, in the Veteran is desirable. 

When General Evars referred to Gen. R. E. Lee so 
appropriately as to more than meet the expectations 



of his audience, it was made an occasion for ap- 
plause again, and the worth)- daughter of "Marse 
Robert" witnessed the testimony of South Carolina's 
devotion in a way that neither she nor the gray vet- 
erans can ever revert to without content. 

Miss Lee had been spending some time in Sum- 
merville, and at a banquet Camp Sumter, by reso- 
lution, delegated Col. James G. Holmes, Adjutant- 
General, to gather up all the flowers and send them 
to Miss Lee, and he treasures as a reward her reply: 
"Dear Colonel Holmes: — I feel much pleased 
and flattered at this graceful rememberance by the 
Confederate Veterans of Camp Sumter, and beg 
you will thank them for the beautiful flowers and 
for the honor they have paid me, with every senti- 
ment of devotion to the cause which they represent 
— every good wish for them personally." 

The necessary postponement of much that 
merits prompt prominence is very much regretted. 
Most of all does the Veteran desire to tell of Fort 
Sumter and the defense of Charleston Harbor. 
The best of good fortune was had in the attentions 

□of Rev. John John- 
son on a trip to the 
'} famous fort. 

The almost ven- 
erable gentleman 
was then majorand 
the engineer in 
charge of Fort 
Sumter in 1863-5, 
and was almost 
constantly about 
the fort during the 
great bombard- 
ment. The visit 
was interesting to 
him as well as it 
was his third visit 
only since the war. 
Readers of the 
Veteran may 
expect some ac- 
count of the "De- 
fense of Charles- 
ton Harbor," for 

Rev. John Johkeon, D.D. -£>X. Johnson, at 

the unanimous request of the Survivors' Association 
of the Charleston District, has published a superb 
volume upon the subject. It contains from four to 
five hundred pages, and is richly illustrated with its 
defenders and with maps. 

Incidentally it is stated that this elegant volume 
has never been advertised beyond the coast region, 
and no doubt those who procure copies through this 
notice will be grateful to the Veteran. [It will be 
sent free of postage to any one who will procure 
eight new subscribers. This valuable and accurate 
history, while not sensational, should be in every 
library. Those who may be sending renewals for 
the Veteran can have it for a year with this book 
at the price of the book alone, $4.] 

In the June Veteran will be an account of what 
Camp Moultrie Sons of Veterans in Charleston are 
doing. The work of this camp will be submitted as 
an excellent model. 




Confederate Ueterai}. 



141 



The record made by Samuel Davis, his enemies 
being judges, is the finest of all the six hundred 
thousand Confederates in service, although "of 
just such material was the Southern army formed." 
The subscription inaugurated to build a monument 
to his memory seems to have met with universal ap- 
proval. Will each man who was a private soldier, 
or his descendants, consider the merits of this 
cause? Let them all testify their approval of the 
movement to erect the finest and firmest memorial 
possible to the honor of this private soldier. 



The article in April Vetekan about "Heroines of 
the South" has revived many thrilling reminis- 
cences. Already other reports of "our women in 
the war" have been furnished. An old poem has 
been resurrected which was written to Madame de 
Charette in 1SS2 and was read by the author at a 
fete champetre where he was a guest of honor. 



\ SOUTHERN ROSE. 

Beneath t he sky 

Where you and I 
Were born ; w here beauty grows, 

Up from Ilic soil. 
At touch of < Sod, 

There sprung ;i stalely rose. 

It grew, and men in wonderment 

Beheld the beauteous thing 
Alas, tor Hope which wooing went. 

And Love which Borrow ing, 

Learns that tholloworit loves the best. 
The one it guards the tondeiost. 
The hand of Kale transplants ' 

i >ur Sout hem rose 

Now sweetly grow 9 
Among the hills of France ! 

Go search the gardens of Vendee — 
Which poets long have sung — 
GrO Cull the dowers that blush the hills 
( )f 1'ieardie among. 
Land of romance ' 
Fair land of Prance ' 
With all your glorious flowers, 
Lilies of old 

And cloth of gold 
Wi needs must lend you ours ' 

Right well. I guess, 
For loveliness, 

For beauty in repose, 
There is no Lily in all France 

Can match our Southern Rose I 

Dr. John Allan Wyeiii. New York. 



Children of The Confederacy. The ladies of 
Mary Curtis Lee Chapter, Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy, who recently organized the first branch of the 
Children of the Confederacy in Alexandria, Va., are 
very anxious to have other branches of the new or- 
ganization formed throughout that State, and they 
ask the aid of the chapters of the United Daughters 
of the Confederacy. Already the membership of the 
Alexandria branch has increased to over fifty mem- 
bers. They will make monthly contributions, and 
they will try to enroll the name of every child of 
Southern parents in that city. 



UNITED DAUGHTERS IN VIRGINIA. 

The Seventeenth Virginia Regiment Chapter of 
the United Daughters of the Confederacy was or- 
ganized at Alexandria, Va., April 17, 1896. 

The objects of the chapter are historical, memorial 
and benevolent. Historical, to collect and preserve 
memorials of the officers and privates of the regi- 
ment, who served during the war, in any branch of 
the service, to obtain biographical sketches of them, 
or any reliable incidents of the campaigns of the 
regiment; memorial, to aid in the erection of mon- 
uments, or in any elTort to honor and preserve tin- 
memory of the heroes of the Confederacy; benevo- 
lent, to succor and befriend all needy members of 
the Seventeenth Virginia Keoiment Chapter, orsuch 
members of their families as may need assist 
also, to co-operate with the K. E. Lee Camp in 
their benevolent efforts in behalf of their needy com- 
rades. We aow number twenty-five members. 

President, Mrs. Wm. A. Smoot; First Vice Presi- 
dent. Mrs. K. C. Lowell: Second Vice President, 
Mrs. Edgar Warfield; Recording Secretary, Miss 
Alice E. Colquhoun; Corresponding Secretary. Mrs. 
S. B. Davis; Treasurer. Mrs. Thos. Perry; Histo- 
rian. Miss Kate Mason Lowland. 



VIRGINIA DAUGHTERS GRAND DIVISION. 



Mrs. James Mercer Garnett reports the following 
Chapters organized in May and chartered by Grand 
Division in Virginia: "Caroline Chapter," Golans- 
ville, Va., organized May 4. 1895 President. Mrs. 
C. T. Smith; Vice President, Mrs G. A. Wallace; 
Treasurer. Miss M. P. Luck; Secretary, Miss M. 
K. Wallace. 

••Hampton Chapter," Hampton, Va., organized 
May 5, 1896— President, Mrs. Dr. Plecker; Vice- 
President, Mrs. p. B.Bryan; Treasurer, Mrs. Scher- 
merhorn: Secretary. Mrs. John W. Brown. 



Much credit is due the Dibrell Bivouac, the J. II. 
Lewis Sons of Veterans, of Lewisburg, Tenn., and 
the Daughters of the Confederacy in that section 
for their attention each year to the cemetery near 
Farmington. It requires travel, averaging twelve 
to fifteen miles, in addition to arranging much at a 
distance, with attending inconvenience. 

Tuesday, May 19th, is the day set apart for their 
memorial exercises this year. Scott E. Davis is the 
Marshal of the Day, Captain W. G. Loyd, Chairman of 
the Committee, who will give an account of the bat- 
tle, Judge W. S. Bearden and Rev. J. R. Harris will 
deliver addresses. The formal welcome is to be by 
Miss Bennie Chapman. 



Robert Young of Eatonton, Ga., desires informa- 
tion of the whereabouts of Row Browning, last Ser- 
geant Major of the Twelfth Georgia Regiment. 



Robert Young, Adjutant, writes from Eatonton, 
Ga., May S, ''»<>. The Confederate veterans of this 
county have been associated for several years as the 
Putnam County Confederate Veterans Association, 
but will be known hereafter as "The R. T. Davis 
Camp No. 759, United Confederate Veterans. At 
present we have fifty-two members. Col. R. B. Nis- 
bet is Commander, and the writer is Adjutant. 



142 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



HONORING SAM DAVIS' MEMORY. 



Service to be Held at His Grave, May 24th. 



Readers of the Veteran everywhere will be 
pleased that a public memorial service will be held 
at the grave of Samuel Davis, near Smyrna, Tenn., 
twenty miles from Nashville, near the Chattanooga 
Railroad. 

President Thomas, of the Nashville, Chatta- 
nooga & St. Louis Railway, which company sub- 
scribed through him $50 for the monument, fur- 
nishes a special train, and the fare, round trip, is 
placed at 50 cents. It will leave the Union Depot 
at 2:10 p.m., and return at 7 o'clock. Passengers 
may take the train at Glencliff, Asylum, Antioch 
or LaVergne Stations, for the round trip. 

At Murfreesboro, and other stations south of 
Smyrna, tickets will be sold both ways for one fare 
on the train passing Smyrna at 10:01 a.m. 

Conveyances will be in readiness at Smyrna for 
ladies and the oldre Veterans. The ceremonies will 
be under the direction of the Frank Cheatham 
Bivouac, and general charge of arrangements has 
been assigned to S. A. Cunningham. The J. B. 
Palmer Bivouac, of Murfreesboro, which includes 
survivors of Captain Ledbetter's Company, with 
whom Sam Davis served, will co-operate. 

It promises to be a deeply interesting occasion, 
and everybody who honors this noblest of all Con- 
federates is invited to attend. 



MOST WONDERFUL STORY EVER TOLD. 

Hon. H. C. Russell, who served in the Second 
Iowa Infantry and is now Land Commissioner for 
the State of Nebraska, writes from Lincoln, April 
20, 1896. — Mr. Russell is one of the two Union vet- 
erans who told the story of Samuel Davis that in- 
duced the effort to build a monument in his honor. 
It was while returning from last reunion at Shiloh: 

On my return home, when asked to tell what I 
saw and how I was treated by the "Johnnies," I was 
happy to say that I heard no word and saw no act 
that was offensive to the most sensitive "Yank." 
Everything was pleasant and the lesson learned 
tended to make us all better citizens, better Ameri- 
cans. It helped to lift us out of the narrow ruts 
and broaden our ideas. 

I enclose you one chapter of a series of articles 
written by a lieutenant of Co. C. of our regiment, 
which gives you his recollections of the Davis af- 
fair. I ran across this the other day while looking 
for some old papers. 

1 am one of your subscribers, and I hope you will 
not stop my paper, but draw on me when it is due. 

Let every man and woman who honors the mem- 
ory of those who went down in the strife read this 
account of that wonderful, wonderful story. Let 
them consider it well, and if they can do no more, 
let them write the history to be preserved by their 
descendants. Let all, who can, contribute to the 
monument, which should be the grandest ever 



erected in honor of man. Let us also honor the 
author of this tribute, printed in the Omaha Bee, 
April 13, 1885. It may not have occurred to him 
that any Confederate would ever read it. Like 
Sam Davis, he acted on principle, and no man would 
have fought the men he described as making up 
the Southern army without patriotic motives. 
While mentioned by Mr. Russell as "a Lieutenant 
in Company C," there is no name given as author. 
* * * Soon after our arrival at Pulaski, one 
Samuel Davis was captured near our lines with 
complete plans of our camps concealed on his per- 
son. He was tried as a spy, found guilty and sen- 
tenced to be hanged. * * * He was told that 
he could save his own life if he would disclose the 
identity of the parties giving him the information. 
This offer was declined, and the erection of a gal- 
lows, in full view of the jail where he was confined, 
proceeded with. Several days elapsed while ar- 
rangements for the execution were being made, and 
the offer of freedom was several times repeated, but 
each time refused. On the day set for his death he 
was brought out to the gallows in an ambulance, 
seated on his coffin, in company with a chaplain 
and preceded by a band playing a funeral dirge. 
We were formed in a hollow square around the gal- 
lows, and when the procession arrived one corner of 
the square opened and the prisoner and the chaplain 
entered, with four men carrying the coffin, which 
was placed at the gallows steps. Prayer was of- 
fered and Davis started up the steps, and just then 
was touched on the shoulder by an officer who for 
the last time said: "Give the names of the men who 
furnished you these plans, and you will be granted 
an escort to Bragg's outposts and given your liber- 
ty." The boy looked about him. He was only 
twenty-one years old, and life was bright and prom- 
ising to him. Just overhead, idly swinging back 
and forth, hung the noose; all around him were 
soldiers standing in line, with muskets gleaming in 
the bright sunshine; at his feet was a box prepared 
for his body, now pulsing with young and vigorous 
life; in front were the steps which would lead him 
to a sudden and disgraceful death, and that death 
it was in his power to avoid — so easily. For just an 
instant he hesitated, and then the tempting offer 
was pushed aside forever. The steps were mounted, 
the young hero stood on the platform with hands 
tied behind him, the black hood was slipped over 
his head the noose was adjusted, a spring was 
touched, the drop fell, the body swung and turned 
violently, then was still, and thus ended a tragedy 
wherein a smooth-faced boy, without counsel, stand- 
ing friendless in the midst of enemies, had, with a 
courage of the highest type, deliberately chosen 
death to life secured by means he deemed dishonora- 
ble. Of just such material was the Southern 

ARMY FORMED. * * * 

[This last remarkable sentence shows how the 
peerless hero honored us all. — Ed.] 

Proof of the above was sent to Mr. Russell and 
he replied from Lincoln May 4: 

I presume it would be no violation of friendship 
or confidence to give the author of the Omaha Bee 



Confederate 1/eterai). 



143 



article. His name is John T. Bell, and he is now 
living- in California. Comrade Bell was a resident 
of Nebraska when he enlisted. He came to Corn- 
pan}- C. as a recruit in the fall of '61 and won his 
commission through meritorious conduct. 

The following - is not for publication but for your 
own information and that the exact truth may final- 
ly be known by comparison of stories and the real 
truth separated from fiction: I was a member of 
what was known as Dodge's Scouts, consequentlv 
knew of Coleman's Scouts and other parties upon 
the Confederate side. I heard many- stories pur- 
porting to give the real history of Davis's capture 
and conviction, who it was he was protecting by 
his silence etc. One of these I intended to "run 
down" at that time. In the latter part of March or 
first of April '64 we captured a fellow about twenty 
miles south of Decatur, Alabama, who said he was a 
captain in the Confederate service, that in the fall 
of 'io he was in the secret service under General 
Bragg, and about the first thing he did or said after 
his capture and disarmament, "Did you see youns; 
Davis hanged at Pulaski? It was a shame to hang 
so brave a fellow, I am the man he died to save." 

He was well informed as to Davis's history, his 
trial and his execution He said he was in our 
lines at the time, and had Davis given his name, he 
would surely have been captured. He was an intel- 
ligent fellow and apparently an honorable gentle- 
man. We captured him in a fair light and of 
course he could not be held as a spy for what he 
might have done in the past. I do not remember 
his name, if I were to guess I would say Hunter, 
but that may not be correct. He was turned over 
as a prisoner and we were kept so busy then, — so 
many new things presented themselves every daj 
that it really passed out of my memory for several 
years after the war. I have never been aide to find 
any report in the war records giving- information on 
the subject, but I never will forget how anxious we 
all were as we stood around the gallows that Dai is 
would give the information that would save his life. 

I never knew whether this story of the prisoner 
captured was true or not. We believed it at the 
time; he told many things that we knew to be true. 

If I am living and in health when the Davis mon- 
ument is unveiled I shall attend. 



C. B. Rouss, New York, May 7, 18<)6: My dear 
Comrade. — The loss of sight makes me dependent 
upon others for a knowledge of what is transpiring 
in this great country of ours. It is only within the 
past few days I have had read to me the pathetic 
story of Sam Davis, the glorious young martyr who 
laid down his life rather than betray a trust con- 
fided to him. He was the highest type of noble 
manhood, and the memory of his heroic sacrifice 
should be perpetuated for all time. The statue of 
Nathan Hale stands in a prominent place in this 
great city; thousands gaze upon it every day and re- 
vert with pride to the glorious struggle of our coun- 
try for freedom. A statue to Sam Davis will be an 
equally impressive and valuable object lesson. You 
have my wannest sympathy in the work that you 
have undertaken, and I take pleasure in forwarding 
you my contribution to its success. He sends $25. 



John Moore, author of the beautiful poem writes: 
I think I will soon be able to get at some of the 
bottom facts of Sam Davis. I have found a gentle- 
man here, Mr. John W. Moore, who was scouting 
with Davis at the time the latter was captured and 
he tells me that Davis undoubtedly got his informa- 
tion from a Yankee captain in Nashville, and has 
given me the name of a gentleman in Nashville 
who can corroborate him. Moore was captured at 
the same time Davis was but escaped from Pulaski. 

The following was first published in the Colum- 
bia, Tenn., Democrat last month: 

SAMUEL DAVIS 

"Tell me his Dame and you are free." 
The General said, while from the tree 
The grim rope dangled threat'ningly. 

The birds ceased singing happy birds. 
That sang of home and mother-words. 
The Sunshine kissed his cheek — dear sun. 
It loves a life that's just begun. 
The very breezes held their breath 

To watch the tight 'twixt life and death, 

\nd 0, how calm and sweet and free 
Smiled back the hills of Tennessee ! 
Smiled back the hills as if to say: 
"O save your life for us t.i-da\ I" 

"Tell me his name, and you are free." 
The General said, "and I shall see 
5Tou safe within the Rebel line 
I'll love to Bave such life as thine." 

\ tear gleamed down the ranks of blue — 
I be bayonets were lipped with dew 

Across the rugged cheek of war 
God's angels rolled a teary star. 

The boy looked up and tins the\ beard: 

"And would you have me break my word '" 

\ tear stood in i he I reneral's 

' My boy. 1 hate to see i hee die 

(iive me the trailor's name and fly I" 

Young Davis smiled, as calm and free 
\s he who walked on < ralilee: 
"Had 1 a thousand lives i" livi 

Had I a thousand lives io give 

I'd lose I hem nay I'd gladly die 

Before I'd live one life, a lie'' 

I le I urned— for nut a soldier stirred : 

"Your duty, men — I gave my word." 

The hills smiled back a farewell smile 
The breeze sobbed o'er Ins bier awhile — 
The birds broke out in glad refrain— 
The sunbeams kissed his cheek again. 
Then, gathering up their blazing bars. 
They shook his name among the stars. 

il stars, that now his brothers are. 

( > sun. his sire in truth and liL'lit . 

Go tell the listening worlds afar 

Of him who died for truth and right. 

For martyr of all martyrs he 

Who died to save an enemy! John Moure. 



Fred H. Honour, Treasurer, Camp Sumter, No. 
250, United Confederate Veterans, Charleston, S. C. : 
Camp Sumter, United Confederate Veterans, wants 
a brick in the Samuel Davis monument, and at a 
meeting it was unanimously resolved that the sum of 
live dollars be subscribed. Enclosed find check. 



Just as this Veteran goes to press a message 
comes from Mrs. Metcalfe, president of the Zolli- 
coffer Fulton Chapter. Fayetteville, Tenn., stating 
that they send $25 for the Samuel Davis Monument. 



144 



Confederate l/eterap, 



GROWTH OK THK FIND. 

Thirteen hundred and fifty-one dol- 
lars for Sam Davis' monument 

Adcock. M. V., Burns, Tenn 1 00 

Akers. E. A.. Knoxville. Tenn 100 

Alexander, J. T.. Lavergne, Tenn... 100 

Allen, Jos. W., Nashville $100 uu 

Amis, J. T.. Culleoka. Tenn 1 ou 

Anderson. Miss Sophronia, Dickson. 

Tenn * o0 

Anderson, Dr. J. M., Fayetteville, T.. 1 00 

Arnold, J. M., Newport, Ky 1 00 

Arthur, James K., Rockdale. Tex.... 1 00 

Arledge, G. L., Montague, Tex 1 00 

Asbury, A. E., Higginsville, Mo 1 00 

Atkisson, Marsh, Seattle, Wash 2 00 

Ashbrook, S., St. Louis 1 oo 

Askew, H. G., Austin, Tex 100 

Ayres, J. A., Nashville 100 

Baldwin, A. B., Bardstown, Ky 2 00 

Barlow, Col. W. P.. St. Louis. Mo 1 00 

Barker, Win., owingsville, Ky 

Barrett, J. J.. Montague, Tex 100 

Barnhill. T. F., Montague, Tex 100 

Bascom, A. W., Owingsville, Ky.... 100 

Barringer, G. E., Nevada, Tex 1 00 

Barry, Capt. T. H., Oxford, Ala.... 1 ' , ' 1 
Barrv, Mrs. Annie, Dickson, Tenn... 1 00 
Beard, Dr. W. F., Shelbyville, Ky... 100 
Beazley, Geo., Murtreesboro, Tenn... 1 00 

Bee, Robert, Charleston, S. C 2 00 

Beckett, J. W., Bryant Sta., Tenn.. 1 00 
Bell, Capt. W. E., Richmond, Ky.... 1 00 
Bishop, Judge W. S., Paducah, Ky. 1 00 

Biles, J. C, McMinnville, Tenn 3 00 

Blackmore, J. W„ Gallatin, Tenn.... 5 00 

Blakemore, J. H.. Trenton 1 00 

Bonner, N. S., Lott, Tex 100 

Boyd, Gen. John, Lexington, Ky 1 00 

Bringhurst, W. R., Clarksville, Tenn. 1 00 
Browne, Dr. M. S., Winchester Ky.. 1 uu 

Browne, E. H., Baltimore, Md 1 uu 

Brown, John C. Camp, El Paso, Tex 5 00 

Brown, H. T., Spears, Ky 100 

Brown B. R., Shoun's X Rds, Tenn.. 1 00 

Brown W. C, Gainesville, Tex 1 ou 

Brown, W. A., St. Patrick. La 1 00 

Bruce. J. H., Nashville 

Burges, R. J.. Seguin, Tex 100 

Burkhardt, Martin, Nashville 5 00 

Bush, Maj. W. G., Nashville 2 00 

Cain, G. W., Nashville 3 00 

Cardwell,, Geo. S., Evansville, Ind.. 100 

Cargile J. F., Morrisville, Mo 150 

Calhoun. Dr. B. F., Beaumont, Tex.. 1 00 

Calhoun, F. H., Lott, Tex 100 

Calhoun. W. B., St. Patrick, La.... 100 
Cannon Dr. J. P., McKenzie, Tenn. 1 00 
Carnahan, J. C, Donnel's Chapel, 

Tenn 1 00 

Carroll, Capt. John W.. Henderson, 

Carter, J. E., Brownsville, Tenn 100 

Cassell, T. W., Higginsville, Mo 1 00 

Cassell, W r . H., Lexington. Ky 2 00 

Cates, C. T., Jr., Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Cecil. Loyd, Lipscomb, Tenn 1 00 

Chadwick. S. W., Greensboro. Ala.. 100 

Cheatham, W. B.. Nashville 5 00 

Cheatham, Maj. J. A.. Memphis 100 

Cherry, A. G., Paris, Tenn 100 

Clayton, Capt. R. M., Atlanta. Ga.... 1 00 
Clark, Mrs. I. M.. Nashville, Tenn.. 100 

Clarke, J. S., Owingsville, Ky 100 

Craig, Rev. R. J.. Spring Hill, Tenn. 1 00 

Coffey, W. A., Scottsboro, Ala 1 00 

Coffman, Dan, Kaufman, Tex 100 

Cohen, Dr. H„ and Capt. T. Yates 

collected, Waxahatchie, Tex 14 00 

Cole, Whiteford R., Nashville 10 00 

Coleman, Gen. R. B., McAlester, I. T. 1 00 
Comfort, James, Knoxville, Tenn.... 5 00 
Condon, Mike J., Knoxville, Tenn.... 5 00 

Connor, W. P., Owingsville, Ky 1 00 

Cook, V. Y., Elmo, Ark 2 00 

Cooper, Judge John S., Trenton 1 00 

Cophin, John P., Owingsville, Ky.... 1 00 

Cowan, J. W., Nashville 100 

Cowardin, H. C, Martin, Tenn 100 

Crump M. V.. Brownsville. Tenn — 1 00 
Cunningham, Capt. F. W.. Rich- 
mond 1 °0 

Cunningham, P. D., Washington, D.C.. 1 00 

Cunningham, S. A., Nashville 5 00 

Curry, Dr. J. H., Nashville 1 00 

Curd, Ed, Franklin, Tenn 1 00 

Curtis, Capt. B. F., Winchester, Ky.. 2 50 

Dalley, Dr. W. E.. Paris, Tex 5 00 

Dance, J. H., Columbia, Tex 100 

Davie, Capt. G. J., Nevada, Tex 190 

Davis, J. M., Calvert, Tex 1 00 



Davis, Lafayette, Rockdale, Tex.... 100 

Davis, Miss Maggie, Dickson, Tenn. 1 00 

Davis. R. N.. Trenton 1 ou 

Davis, J. K., Dickson. Tenn 2 Ou 

Davis. Hubert. Dickson, Tenn 100 

Davis. .Miss Mamie. Dickson, Tenn. 1 Oil 

Davis, Miss Hettie, Dickson, Tenn. 100 

Davis. .Miss Bessie, Dickson, Tenn. 1 00 

Davis, J. E.. West Point, Miss 100 

Davis, W. T., Nashville 1 00 

Davidson, N. P., Wrightsboro, Tex.. 1 00 
Daviess County C. V. Assn, Owens- 

boro, Kv 6 55 

Deaderick. Dr. C, Knoxville. Tenn.. 4 00 

Deamer, J. C, Fayetteville, Tenn 100 

Dean, G. B.. Detroit. Tex 100 

Dean, J. J., McAlister, I. T 1 00 

Dean, M. J., Tyler, Tex 1 00 

Deason, James R., Trenton, Tenn... 1 00 

Deering, Rev. J. R., Harrodsburg.Ky 1 00 

Denny, L. H., Blountsville, Tenn 100 

Dinkins. Lynn H., Memphis, Tenn.... 1 00 

Dinkins. Capt. James, Memphis 1 ou 

Dixon, Mrs. H O., Flat Rock, Tenn.. 1 00 

Donaldson, Capt. W. E., Jasper, T... 1 00 

Dougherty, J. L., Norwalk, Cal 1 00 

Douglas, Mrs. Sarah C, Nashville... 1 00 

Dovle, J. M., Blountsville. Ala 1 00 

Duckworth, W. S., Nashville 1 00 

Duckworth, Alex, Brownsville, Tenn 1 00 

Dudley, Maj. R. H.. Nashville 25 00 

Duncan, J. C, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Duncan, W. R., Knoxville, Tenn 100 

Durrett, D. L., Springfield, Tenn 1 00 

Dyas, Miss Fannie, Nashville 1 00 

Edminston, Wm., O'Neal, Tenn 100 

Eleazer, S. D., Colesburg. Tenn 100 

Ellis, Capt. H. C, Hartsville. Tenn.. 1 00 

Ellis, Mrs. H. C, Hartsvllle, Tenn.... 1 00 

Embry, J. W., St. Patrick, La 100 

Emmert, Dr. A. C, Trenton, Tenn.. 100 

Emibry, Glenn, St. Patrick. La 100 

Enslow, J. A., Jr., Jacksonville, Fla. 1 00 

Eslick. M. S., Fayetteville. Tenn 1 00 

Ewing, Hon. Z. W., Pulaski. Tenn... 2 00 

Ewing. P. P., Owingsville. Ky 100 

Farrar, Ed H.. Centralia, Mo 100 

Ferguson. Gen. F. S.. Birmingham.. 1 00 

Finney, W. D., Wrightsboro, Tex.... 1 00 

Fisher, J. F., Farmington, Tenn 100 

Fletcher, Mack, Denison, Tex 1 00 

Forbes Bivouac, Clarksville, Tenn.. 25 00 

Ford. A. B., Madison. Tenn 100 

Ford, J. W., Hartford. Ky 100 

Forrest, A., Sherman, Tex 100 

Forrest, Carr, Forreston. Tex 2 00 

Foster, A. W., Trenton 1 00 

Foster, N. A., Jefferson, N. C 100 

Gailor, Charlotte M., Memphis, Tenn 1 00 

Gailor, Bishop T. F., Memphis, Tenn 1 00 

Gailor, Frank Hoyt. Memphis, Tenn 1 00 

Gailor, Mrs. T. F., Memphis, Tenn.. 1 00 

Gailor, Nannie C. Memphis, Tenn.. 100 

Garwood, G., Bellefontaine, 100 

Gay, William, Trenton 100 

Gaut, J. W., Knoxville. Tenn 5 00 

George, Capt. J. H., Howell. Tenn...'. 1 00 

Gibson. Capt. Thos.. Nashville 100 

Giles, Mrs. D. B., Laredo. Tex 100 

Gilman, J. W.. Nashville 1 00 

Gilvin, John S., Owingsville, Ky.... 50 

Gooch, Roland, Nevada, Tex 1 00 

Goodlett, D. Z., Jacksonville. Ala 2 00 

Goodlett, Mrs. M. C, Nashville 5 00 

Goodloe, Rev. A. T., Station Camp, 

Tenn 1? 00 

Goodman, Frank, Nashville 100 

Goodner, Dr. D M., Fayetteville, T.. 100 

Goodpasture, J. B., Owingsville, Ky 1 00 
Goodrich, Jno. T., Fayetteville, Tenn. 1 00 

Gordon, D. M., Nashville 1 00 

Gordon, A. C. McKenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Gordon, Dr. B. G.. McKenzie. Tenn.. 1 00 

Gourlev. M. F., Montague, Tex 100 

Granbery. W. L.. Jr., Nashville.. .. 5 00 

Granberv, J. T., Nashville 5 00 

Graves, Col. J. M., Lexington, Ky.... 1 00 

Gray, S. L., Lebanon, Ky 100 

Grav, Rev. C. M., Ocala. Fla 125 

Green, W. J., Utica, Miss 100 

Green, John R., Brownsville, Tenn.. 1 00 

Green, Jno. W., Knoxville. Tenn 5 00 

Green, Folger, St. Patricks. La 3 00 

Gresham, W. R., Park Station, Tenn. 1 00 

Gudgell, D. E., Henderson, Ky 100 

Guest, Isaac, Detroit, Tex 100 

Gwin, Dr. R. D., McKenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Hall, L. B., Dixon, Ky 1 00 

Hancock, Dr. W. H. Paris, Tex 1 00 

Hanrick, E. Y.. Waco, Tex... 100 

Harder, Geo. B., Portland, Ore 100 

Hardison, W. T., Nashville 5 00 

Harmsen, Barney, El Paso, Tex 5 09 

Harper, J. R., Rosston, Tex 1 00 



Harris, Maj. R. H., Warrington, Fla. 1 00 

Harris, J. A., Purdon. Tex 1 00 

Harrison, W. W., Trenton, Tenn 1 00 

Hartman, J. A., Rockwall, Tex 1 00 

Hartzog, H. G.. Greenwood, S. C 100 

Hatler, Bally, Boliver, Mo 100 

Haves. B. S.. Mineola, Tex 100 

Haynie, Capt. M., Kaufman, Tex.... 100 
Hemming, C. C, Gainesville, Tex.... 10 00 
Henderson, John H., Franklin. Tenn. 1 00 

Herbst, Chas., Macon, Ga 1 00 

Hereford, Dr. S. r.. Elmwood. Mo.. 1 00 

Herron, W. W., Mckenzie, Tenn 1 00 

Hickman, Mrs. T. G., Vandalia. 111... 1 00 

Hickman. John P.. Nashville 1 00 

HiCkS, Miss Maud. Finley, Ky 100 

Hill, J. T., Beachville, Tenn 100 

Hillsman, J. C, Ledbetter, Tex 100 

Hitchcock, L. P., Froscott, Ark 100 

Hodges, S. B., Greenwood, S. C 1 00 

Hollenberg, Mrs. H. G., Little Rock, 

Ark 1 00 

Holman, Col. J. H., Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Hollins, Mrs. R. S., Nashville 1 00 

Hoon, C. H., Owingsville, Ky 100 

Hooper, Miss Jessie. Dickson, Tenn. 1 00 

Hoppel, Dr. T. J., Trenton 1 00 

lloss, Rev. Dr. E. E., Nashville 100 

House, A. C, Ely, Nev 2 00 

Howell, C. C, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Hows, S. H., Newsom Station, Tenn.. 1 00 

Hughes. Louis, Dyersburg, Tenn 100 

Hull, Miss Annie, Dickson, Tenn 1 00 

Hutcheson, W. G.. Nashville 100 

Hutcheson, Mrs. W. G., Nashville... 100 
Hutcheson, Miss Katie Dean, Nash- 
ville 1 00 

Hutcheson, Miss Dorothy, Nashville 1 00 
Hutcheson, Miss Nancy P., Nash- 
ville 1 00 

Hutcheson, W. G., Jr., Nashville... 100 
Ikirt, Dr. J. J., East Liverpool, O.... 1 00 

Inglis, Capt. J. L., Rockwell, Fla 5 00 

Ingram, Jno. Bivouac, Jackson, Tenn 5 60 
Irwin, Capt. J. W., Savannah, Tenn.. 1 00 

Jackson, G. G., Wetumpka. Ala 100 , 

Jackson, Stonewall Camp, McKenzie 5 00 

Jarrett, C. F., Hopkinsville, Ky 100 

Jenkins, S. G., Nolensville, Tenn 1 90 

Jennings, Tipton D., Lynchburg, Va. 1 00 

Jewell, Wm. H., Orlando, Fla 100 

Johnson, J. W., McComb City, Miss.. 1 00 
Johnson. Leonard. Morrisville. Mo.... 1 60 

Jones, Dr. L. J., Franklin, Ky 1 00 

Jones, Master Grey, Franklin, Ky.. 1 00 

Jones. Thomas, Franklin, Ky 25 

Jones, Reps. Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Jones. A. B., Dyersburg, Tenn 100 

Jordan. M. F., Murfreesboro, Tenn... 1 00 
Jourolman, Leon, Knoxville, Tenn... 6 00 

Justice, Wm., Personville, Tex 100 

Keerl, G. W., Culpeper, Va 100 

Kelly, J. O.. Jeff, Ala 100 

Kelso, F. M.. Fayetteville, Tenn 1 00 

Kennedy. John C, Nashville i 00 

Key, J. T., Baker, Tenn 100 

King, Joseph, Franklin, Ky 100 

King, Dr. J. C. J., Waco, Tex 1 00 

Kirkman, V. L.. Nashville i 00 

Killebrew, Col. J. B., Nashville 6 0» 

Knapp, Dr. W. A., Lake Charles, La.. 1 00 
Knight, Miss Hettie, Chestnut Hill, 

Ky 100 

Knoedler, Col. L. P., Augusta, Ky... 1 00 

Knox, R. M., Pine Bluff, Ark 6 00 

Lea, Judge Jno. M., Nashville 10 00 

I.ebby, Dr. R., Charleston, S. C 1 00 

Learned, R. F., Natchez, Miss 1 00 

Lauderdale. J. S.. Llano, Tex 1 00 

Lehmann, Joe, Waco, Tex 1 00 

Leslie, J. P., Sherman. Tex 100 

Lewis, Maj. E. C, Nashville 25 On 

Lewis, Dr F. P.. Coalsburg, Ala 1 00 

L«vy, R. Z. & Bro., Nashville 6 on 

Lindsey, A.. Nashville 100 

Livingston, H. J., Brownsville, Tenn 1 00 
Livingston, J. L., Brownsville, Tenn 1 00 

Loftin, Benj. F., Nashville 1 OO 

Long, J. M., Paris, Tex 100 

Love, Maj. W. A., Crawford. Miss... 1 00 
Lowe, Dr. W. A., Springdale, N. C. 1 00 
Lowe, Mrs. W. A., Springdale, N. C. 2 00 
Lowrance, R. M., Huntsville, Mo. .. 1 00 

Luckey. C. E.. Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Lunn, S. A., Montague, Tex 1 00 

Luttrell, J. C, Knoxville, Tenn 5 00 

Lyen, E. W., Harrodsburg, Ky 1 0" 

McAfee. H. M.. Salvisa, Tex 100 

McAlester, J. J., McAlester, I. T.... 100 
McArthur, Capt. P., and officers ot 

Steamer A.R. Bragg, Newport. Ark E oc 
McCall, Miss Emma, Oak Bluff.Ala. 1 00 

McCartv Camp, Liberty, Mo 10 00 

McClung, Hu L., KnoxvUle, Tenn.... 5 00 



Confederate l/eteran 



145 



McDonald, M., Palmyra, Mo 

McDonald, J. W., Erin, Tenn 

McDowell, J. H., Union City, Tenn... 

McGinnis, J. M., Dyersburg, Tenn 

McGregor, Dr. R. R., Covington, 

Tenn 

McGuire, Dr. C. B., Fayetteville, T.. 
McKinley, J. P.. Jr.. Montague, Tex 
McKinney, W. R., Greenwood. S. C 
McKinney, R. L.. Columbia, Tenn.. 
McKlnstry, Judge O. L., Carrollton, 

Ala 
McKiViglit, W. II.. Humboldt, Tenn. 

McLin, Perry, Bolivar, Mo 

McLure, Mrs. M. A. E„ St. Louis.... 
McMillln, Hon. Benton, M. C. Tenn.. 

McRee. W. P.. Trenton, Tenn 

McTeer, Jos. T.. Knoxville, Tenn 

McVoy, Jos., Cantonment, Fla 

Malcom, Miss Mattie, Dickson, Tenn. 

Mallory, E. S.. Jackson, Tenn 

Manly, Polk, Owingsville, Ky 

Marshall. J. M.. Lafayette, Tenn 

Maull, J. P., Elmore, Ala 

Maxwell. Miss Mary E., Nashville 

Meek, S. W., Nashville 

tfei k, faster Wilson 

Miles, W, A . I'.ii ettei ille, Tenn 
Miller, Tom C, Yellow Store, Tenn.. 

Miller, Geo. F.. Raymond, ECan 

Miller, Capt. P., Mt. Any. N. C 

Minis. Dr. W. D., Cockrum. Miss 

Mitch. 11. .1 \ , Bowling Green, Ky.. 

.Mil. i" II, \ i . Morrisville, Mo 

Monl | rv Win.- an.... 

Moon, J. A . ! rnionville, Tenn 

Moore. L. M., Greenwood, S. C 

Moore, W. B., Uhby, Ti \ 

Morton, Dr. I. C, Morpanfleld, Ky... 

Morris. Mrs. R, 1.. Nashville 

Morris, Miss N. J., Frostburg, Md 

Moss. C. C. Dyersburg. Tenn 

Muse. B. P., Sharon, Miss 

Myers, E. ' I i Richmond, Va 

N. C. & St. L Ry, by Prea. Thomas... 
Neal. Col. Tom W., Dyersburg. Tenn. 

Neames, M. M., St. Patrick. La 

Neilson, J. C, Cherokee, Miss 

Nelson. M. H.. Hopkinsville. Ky 

Neuffer, Dr. Q \ . i.bbei ille, S. C. 
Newman ,v Cullen, Kimw.I1.'. Tenn.. 

Norton. N. L., Austin, Tex 

1 Igill le, \\ I [., \ll : mii i. Tenn 

Overton. Col. John. Nashville 

Owen. IT. J.. Eaglevllle, Tenn 

Owen, Frank A.. Evansvllle. Ind 

Pardue, \ n .. rl E., Cheap Hill, Tenn. 

Parks, Hamilton, Nashville 

Parks, Mrs. Hamilton, Nashville... 

Parks, Glenn W., Nashville 

Tarks. Miss Anna, Nashville 

Parks, M Nell, Nashville. 

Partlow, .1. S., Greenwood, s. c 

Parish, J. Il , Sharon, Tenn 

Patterson. Mrs. T. I... Cumberl'd. Md 
Patterson, Mrs. E. H., Seguin. Tex.. 
Payne, E. S. Enon College, Tenn... 

Pendleton, P. B., Pembroke, Kv 

Pepper. W. A., Stirling, 3. C 

Perkins, A. H. D., Memphis. Tenn.. 

Perrow. H. W.. Noeton. Tenn 

Perry. B. F.. Owingsville. Kv 

Pierce, Dr. T. \v., Knoxvllle, Ala.... 

Pierce. W. H., Colllnsville, Ala 

Pointer, Miss Phil, Owensboro. Ky. .. 
Pollock, J. D., Cumberland, Md 

Porter, J. A.. Cowan, Tenn 

Pope, Capt. W. H., Plkesville. Md 

Prunty, Geo., Boston, Ky 

Raiburn, W.. Owingsville, Kv 

Raines, R. P., Trenton. Tenn 



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Randall, D. C, Waldrlp. Tex 

Rast, P. J., Farmersville. Ala 

Ratliff, G. N., Huntsville, Mo 

Reagan, Hon. John H., Austin, Tex.. 

Redwood, Henry, Asi-.eville, N. C 

Reeves, Dr. N. P.. Longstreet. La 

Reid, W. H.. Sandy Springs. N. C 

Rice. Dan, Tennessee City, Tenn 

Richards, Sam, Rockdale. Tex 

Richardson, W. B., Newton, .Miss.. 

Richardson. B. W., Richmond, Va 

Ridings, E. YV.. Dickson, Tenn 

Ridley, Capt. B. L.. Murfreesboro 

Riley, T. P., Greenwood, S. C 

Robertson, J. S„ Huntsville, Mo.... 
Robinson, II. H . Wetumpka. Ala... 

Rodgers. Ed. Hillsboro, Tex 

Rodgers. Miss Mattie. E.lgewood, 

Tenn 

Roseneau, J., Athens. Ala 

Rouss, C. B.. New Fork 

Rumbli Capt. S E . Natch, z. 

Rleves, A. B., .Marion. Ark 

Roach, B. T., Fayetteville, Tenn 

Roberts, W. S., Knoxvllle, Tenn 

Robbins, A. M.. Rockdale, Tex 

Rose, S. E. F., West Point. Miss 

Hoy. t;. yv . razoo City, Miss 

Rudy. J. H.. Owensboro, Kv 

Russell, T. a. Warrior, Ale 

Rutland. J. YV.. Alexandria, Tenn 

Ryan. J.. Chicago. Ill 

Ryan. Frank T . At! 

Sage. Judge Geo. R itl 

Samuel, w . H., Bla. k Jack, T. nn.. 
Sanford, Dr. J. R., Covington. Tenn. 

Scott, S. P.. Dresden, Tenn 

Scruggs, John. Altumont. Tenn 

Seawell. J. B., Atlanta. G i 

Si lb y. T. IT., Newton, Mii 

Sellers, Dr. Wm., Summerfleld. La... 

r, i !ol, T. P., Sabinal, Tex 

Sexton. E. G., Dover, T. nn 

Shannon, Judge G. w k Tex. 
Shannon. Col. 1 

Tenn 

.Is, Jno. K., Ki 

ids, S. G., Knoxville. Tenn 

Simmons. Col. J. W., Mexln, Tex 

Sinclair. Col. A. 11.. Georgetown, Kv 

Sinnott. H. T.. Nash\ 

Slnnoti. Harry M., Nashville 

Sinnott, Sidney L., Nashville 

Slatter. YV. J, Winchester. Tenn 

Slo\ ei . w \ , \i 

Smith,. F. P., Seguin. Tex 

Smith. Capt. F. M., Norfolk. Va 

Smith, Capt. .1. P., Marlon, \-k 

Smith. Gen. W. Q . Spai ta, Tenn 

Smith. Capt, H I . Mason City, la.... 
Smith, Miss M. A.., v. 
Smith. Sam. M 

Smith, Prank G., Ms 

Smythc. A T., Charli ston, s. C... 

Rpelssegger, J. T., St. Augustine. Fla 

Speler, Miss I Iffli , Dicl nn 

Staggs. Col. E. S., Hustonvllle, Ky 

Stark, J. w.. Bowling Green, Ky 

Stlnson, Dr. J. B. Sherman, Ti 
Stone. Judge J. P... Kansas City, Mo.. 

Story. Col E I... Austin. Tex 

Stovall, M. B., Adalrvllle, Ky 

... rapt. J. T., Waco, Tex 

, Mrs, B. P., Don. [son, Tenn. . 

Street, H. J., Upton. Ky 

Street, W M.. Murfreesboro. Tenn... 

Strong, W. C, Montague, Tex 

Sumter Camp. Charleston. S. C 

Smythe. L. C. McC, Charleston, S.C. 

Taylor, R. Z., Trenton 

Taylor, H. H.. Knoxvllle, Tenn 

Taylor. Young, Lott. Tex 



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Fempleton, J. A., Jacksonville, Tex... 
Templeton, Jerome. Knoxville, Tenn. 
Thomas, A. S.. Fayetteville, Tenn.. 
Thomas, W. T., Cumb'd City, Tenn.. 

Thomas. J. L., Knoxville. Tenn 

Thomason, Dr. B. R., Era, Tex 

Tillman. G. N., Nashville 

Todd, Dr. C. H., Owensboro, Kv 

Tolley, Capt. W. P., Rucker. Tenn... 
Trent. Miss Anna Bell, Martin, Tenn 
Trowbridge, S. F., Piedmont, S. C. ... 

Tucker, J. J., St. Patrick, La 

Turner, R. S., Ashland City, Tenn ... 

Tvree, L. H.. Trenton, Tenn 

(T. E.) cash, Nashville 

Vance. R. H.. Memphis, Tenn 

Van Telt. S. D., Danville. Kv 

Voegtley, Edwin B., Pittsburg, Pa... 
Voegtley, Mrs. E. B., Pittsburg, Pa.. 

Walker. John, Page City, Mo 

Walki .,,i s C 

Walker. Robert, Sherman. Tex 

Wall, Drs. W. D., Sr, and Jr., Jack- 
son, La 

Wall, P. I... Abbevllh , La 

I's Seminary, bj J. I 

sident 

Washington, Hon. .1 E , M C. Tenn.. 

b T. S., Knoxville, Torn 

Webster, A. H„ Walnut Sp's. Tex.. , , 

W. b Louisville. Miss 

W. It. urn, E. H.. Nashville, Tenn 

. Jno. C, Waco, Tex 

White. J. H , Franklin. Tenn 

Wilkerson, W A , Memphis 

Williams, J. Mat, Nashville 

ims, Thos. L., Knoxvllle, Tenn.. 
Williams. Robert, Guthrie, Kv 

in, Hon. S. F . Gallatin. T> n,, 

Tea 

Wilson. I>r. J. T.. Sherman. Tex 

Wilson, Mrs. S P., ilnllattn, Tenn . . 

Wilson, Dr. J. T., Sherman, Tex 

P., Greensl. 
Wilson, Capt. E. H., Norfolk. Y'a . 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph, M. C. Ala 

Wofford. Airs. N. J.. Memphis. Tenn. 
Wright. YV. H. DeC, Baltimore, Md . 

it, W. N . Fayetteville, Ti 
Wright, Geo, w . McKenzle, Tenn.... 
Wyeth, l>r J, A,. New York City. 

v ig. Col. Bennett H , Louisville... 

Young County Camp, Graham, Tex 
G., Winston. N C 



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nlow. J. E., Mi Pleasant. Tenn. V) 
nwlgTTt, Dr. R. Y . Plnopolls, S. C... 5- 
Fleming, S. N . Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. (0 

r. E. Clark. R, E. Grlzznrd and M. M. 
Mobley, Trenton. Tenn : Capt 
("has, II. May and J, W. Fielder. 
Benton. Ala.; Dr. E. Young and W. 
W Powers, Greensboro. Ala ; J 
W Gllmai Heverln, Nash- 
ville; G. N. Albright. W. A. Ross 
and Alonzo Gilliam. Stanton, 
fen n, : John W. Green and cash, 
rsburg, Tenn.; E. J. Harwell, 
Stonewall, La 7 A 



Collins. Mrs. Geo. C. Mt. Pleasant, 

Tenn 2t 

C. W. Hlgglnbotham, Calvert. Tex.; 
T. O. Moore. Comanche, Tex.; L. 
C. Newman. H. M. Nash, J. W. 
MuriiRn, G Shafer, J. F. Coppedge, 
J. K. Gibson, Stanton, Tenn.; J. T. 
Bryan, MarUna, Fla Ill 

Total subscription, May 20, $1 



Hanged from the Sam Davis Scaffold. — An- 
other sad story is told in the same article that is 
elsewhere copied about Sam Davis: 

In the summer of 1862, at Corinth, an orderly 
sergeant of the Seventh Illinois had an altercation 
with the colored cook of his captain; the latter took 
up the quarrel, shots were exchanged, and the cap- 
tain w;ts killed by the sergeant, who was court- 
martialed, convicted and sentenced to be hanged. 
The proceedings and findings of the court were sent 
to President Lincoln for review. There was great 
delay in getting returns, and after being confined 
for many months, the sergeant was returned to his 
company. In December, 1863, he re-enlisted for an- 



other term of service, went north with his company 
on a sixty days furlough; returned to Pulaski and 
resumed his duties as a soldier. It was generally 
supposed that punishment would never be imposed 
Upon him, as so long a time had passed since he was 
tried; he was an excellent soldier and a favorite 
with his comrades, but in April, 1864. the proceed- 
ings of the court were returned from Washington, 
approved, the man was taken from a sentry post 
where he was on duty as picket guard ( having been 
reduced to the ranks in 1862), taken into Pulaski 
and hanged on the same gallows that young Davis 
was executed on a few months previously, and which 
had been left standing. 



146 



Confederate l/eterarv 



HEROINES OF THE SOUTH. 



Gen. R B. Coleman, McAlester. Indian Territory: 
Having noticed in the April Vetekan the array 
of Southern heroines. I desire to add one to the long- 
list of our patriotic women in the person of Miss 
Puss Whitty, the daughter of Capt. Bill Whitty, of 
Johnson County, Missouri. Her father Capt. Bill 
Whitty, with many others, came from North Caro- 
lina, in the fifties, and at the first bugle call raised 
a company, composed of kinfolks, for the Southern 
cause. His nice residence, six miles from Knob- 
noster, a Federal post, which was raided time after 
time, was finally destroyed. His daughter, a plucky 
and fearless girl of nineteen, did many acts of dar- 
ing to decoy the Federals into the hands of her 
father's company; she went many nights in rain 
and snow to pilot the little bands of Southern 
patriots around the Federal post at Knobnoster, be- 
sides carrying many baskets of provisions to the 
brush to feed the Confederates while recruiting in 
Missouri. 

At one time, in the summer of 1863, she rode from 
home sixty miles, in the night, and carried news to 
the intrepid Ouantrell. At another time, when a 
company of Federals were at her father's house in 
the summer of 1864, tearing off the weatherboard- 
ing in their search for contraband goods, she drew 
a pistol from her bosom and shot a Lieutenant in 
the face, and wounded a private in the arm, then 
made her escape to the woods. Finally the author- 
ities outlawed her. Sheriff Wilk Williams laid in 
wait for her uncle, Sam Whitty, who was guard to 
Colonel Perkins' recruiting office, and shot him 
from ambush, breaking his under jaw and cutting 
off his tongue. Puss went twenty miles at night 
and hunted for her uncle in the woods, carried him 
home and hid him in an old well, where she nursed 
him until he recovered sufficiently to ride away. 
The authorities finally captured her and then ban- 
ished her from the State. I have not heard from 
her since the great conflict. 



ALABAMA LEGISLATION FOR MISS SANSON, 

John W. Inzer, who was Lieutenant Colonel of the 
Thirty-second and Fifty-eighth Alabama Regiments 
consolidated, writes from Ashville, Ala., April 25: 

I thought some of our people would be interested 
in reading the preamble and resolutions adopted by 
the General Assembly of Alabama in recognition 
of her great services to our dear cause in the year 
1863. I do not remember to have ever seen in the 
the public prints record concerning Miss Emma 
Sanson. 

The stream she piloted General Forrest across 
was Black Creek, and not "Black Warrior," as 
stated in the Veteran. Black Creek in coming 
down from the Lookout Mountain near Gadsden, 
and where Colonel Streight after crossing over, had 
burned the bridge, on the public road; the banks of 
the creek were high on each side, making it difficult 
for the cavalry and artillery to cross over. 

Miss Sanson was reared on the western bank of 
this stream, and knowing how difficult it would be 
for Forrest to get over, and knowing of a ford below 



the bridge in her mother"s plantation, told General 
Forrest of it, and as quick as thought sprang up 
behind him, when he dashed away in a gallop to 
the ford, piloted by the fair young woman amidst 
the flying bullets the shot and shell from Streight's 
forces on the eastern bank of the stream. Her con- 
duct on the occasion was magnificent, and the 
services she rendered were of great help to our cause. 
The legislative proceedings were as follows, towit: 

"joint resolution 

Donating a section of land to Miss Emma Sanson, 
of Cherokee County, in consideration of public ser- 
vices rendered by her." 

"A nation's history is not complete which does 
not record the names and deeds of its heroines with 
those of its heroes, and resolutions sometimes throw 
the two in such close proximity that the history of 
the manly bearing of the one is imperfect unless 
coupled with the more delicate, yet no less brilliant, 
achievement of the other, and such must ever be the 
history of the most gallant and successful victory of 
the imperial Forrest unless embellished with the 
name and heroic act of Emma Sanson. 

"Upon discovering the difficulties which embar- 
rassed the advance of our brave army in pursuit of a 
Yankee raid under the lead of Colonel Streight, 
produced by the burning of a bridge across Black 
Creek near the residence of her mother, in Cherokee 
County, Emma Sanson, inspired with love of coun- 
try, indignant at Yankee insolence, and blushing 
with hope inspired by the arrival of a pursuing 
force, exalting herself "above the fears of her na- 
ture and the timidity of her sex," with a maiden's 
modesty and more than woman's courage, tendered 
her services as a guide in the face of an enemy's 
Are of musketry and amid the cannon's roar, safely 
conducted our gallant Forrest by a circuitous route 
to an easy and safe crossing, and left them in eager 
pursuit of a fleeing foe, which resulted in a com- 
plete brilliant victory to our arms within the con- 
fines of our own State. 

"By her courage, her patriotism, her devotion to 
our cause, and by the great public services she has 
rendered she has secured to herself the admiration, 
esteem and gratitude of our people, and a place in 
history as the heroine of Alabama. As a testi- 
monial of the high appreciation of her services by 
the people of Alabama, 

1. 'Be it resolved by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General 
Assembly convened, that one secton of the unim- 
proved land of this State be and the same is hereby 
granted to Miss Emma Sanson, of Cherokee County, 
to be by her selected in sub-divisioDS or otherwise 
outside of the lands reserved for saline purposes for 
which a patent or patents must issue. 

2. "Be it further resolved. That the Governor of 
the State is hereby required as soon as the same can 
be consistently done to procure a gold medal in- 
scribed with suitable devices commemorative of the 
deeds which these resolutions with their preamble 
are designated to perpetuate, and present the same 
in the name of the people of Alabama to the said 
Emma Sanson as further testimonial of the respect 
and gratitude of the State for her services aforesaid. 



Confederate Veteran. 



147 



3. "Be it further resolved, That the Governor of 
this State furnish to Miss Emma Sanson an authen- 
ticated copy of these resolutions. And it is further- 
more the duty of the Governor to issue the neces- 
sary notice and instructions to the land office of this 
State to carry out the provisions of the first of these 
resolutions." 

"Approved November 27, 1863." See acts Legis- 
lature of Alabama Session, 1863, pages 213 and 214. 

[Does the date above indicate a transaction which 
occurred in the Federal lines? It was on that very 
day that Samuel Davis across in Tennessee honored 
the human race in the sacrifice of his life. — Ed.] 



Gen. S. G. French writes from Florida about it: 
My division encamped at Mrs. Sansom's. My 
head-quarters were at her house, and my diary says, 
October 20, 1864 (marched about two miles beyond 
Gadsden and encamped at Mrs. Sansotns. Our band 
played for the ladies in compliment, for Miss San- 
som, who piloted General Forrest across Black 
Creek. Near here are the Falls of Black Creek, 
said to be 100 feet high). * * * So I think 
Black Warrior should be Black Creek. It is a small 
matter, but it should be corrected. 

He writes the name Sansotn, and asks which is 
correct. It is usually written Sanson and is so cop- 
ied from Legislative record. 



Comrade L. P. Walker, Bessemer, Ala., states 
that Captain Ridley should have said across Black 
Creek; the Black Warrior is about one hundred 
miles from the scene of heroism he was describing. 
I wish that history may be written as it was 
made. "Black Creek" is* situated in i at the time 
spoken of) Cherokee County, but a few miles of 
Gadsden (on the Coosa River). Since the war a 
new county has been formed and Black Creek is 
now in Etowah County. 



Dear old Mrs. Twyman, of Hopkinsville, Ky., 
submitted graciously to an interview by the writer 
some years ago. She had been married about three 
score years, and did the talking for her venera- 
ble husband. Family history being a theme, she 
said: "I call myself a Virginian. I think that 
sounds big." She was more accurate than Comrade 
Ridley was assured of being about the name of the 
stream that Miss Sanson piloted Gen. Forrest across 
in his pursuit of General Streight. He discussed 
the name before handing in his manuscript, and 
said that he believed he would call it Black Warrior 
as Creek did not convey as strong an idea. 



TRIIH'TK BY COL. WM. H. STEWART, OV VIRGINIA. 

The heroines of the South must move the hearts 
of men to the deeds of valor so long as chivalry and 
honor mark the boundaries of civilization. 

Their legions did not move in martial lines, but 
like lone sentinels on the watch-tower, they braved 



the storms of war, teaching men lessons of fortitude 
stronger than bastioned forts, by their patient en- 
durance and unyielding faith. 

Everywhere their work gave glory to their faith. 
Their sewing societies made uniforms for the 
soldiers, and tender hands, not used to needle, 
worked beautiful banners from silken gowns, which 
were replaced by homespun. What an inspiration! 
Like a glow warm from the throne of love, this de- 
votion of the women lifted the men up to the high- 
est standard of chivalry, and counting not the cost, 
nor odds, Beauregard's battalions laid the founda- 
tion of the fame of the South on Manassas' bloody 
plains where Jackson's infantry stood "like a stone 
wall." 

Then the women of the Confederacy, day and 
night, watched by the side of the wounded on field 
and in the hospital, dressed the scars, soothed the 
pains, and with the dying soldiers prayed, and wept 
as Christian faith lifted the departing soul to God. 

Away from the scenes of blood they planted, 
sowed and reaped the grain for food; spun, wove 
and made the cloth into garments. 

These tests of adversity implanted deep memo- 
ries, and evinced high regard for the great cause of 
constitutional Government. 

When Lee and Johnson surrendered their armies 
to overwhelming numbers, sympathy for their sol- 
diers came through the beaming eyes and tender 
touch of these noble heroines, as sweet messengers 
from the throne of Grace. It gave the men new 
hope, new life, new strength, renewed faith, and 
made them cling to a great principle which cannot 
die. That which now. as ever, and will always un- 
derlie Republican government, local self-govern- 
ment, makes States sovereigns and not provinces. 

Out of the wrecks of war came the resurrection of 
this fundamental principle to grow firmer in every 
section of the Union. The results unfolded the 
hidden treasures of the South, made her staple 
product bloom an hundred fold, brought her great 
factories with millions of spindles, and increased 
her wealth in fabulous figures. 

No Southern woman ever uttered the cowardly 
sentence, "Believed our cause was right," but our 
soldiers fought for the eternal principle of justice 
and inalienable rights; for the Constitution as our 
fathers made it, and Southern women will always 
love the memories of the Southern Confederacy 
above gold and precious stones. 

If the infusion of foreign elements should make 
the men of other generations forget the virtues of 
their fathers of the Spirit Nations, all the cruel 
invasions of progress can never efface their heroic 
efforts from the hearts of their daughters. 

So the memorials stand out stronger, as time 
grows apace, in the increasing chapters of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy. 



The A. P. Hill Camp of Petersburg are arrang- 
ing to keep "open house" to comrades attending 
the Richmond reunion. This is well. There will 
be many visitors there during the time and it will 
be fortunate if they can have so cordial a pl.i 
rendezvous as the camp quarters of comrades. 



148 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



C. C. HEMMING AND^HISJBEQUEST. 



IT As my old prison comrade and. friend, Mr. Chas. 
C. Hemming, is going- to erect a monument in 
Jacksonville to the memory of the Confederate sol- 
diers of Florida, I thought it might be of some in- 
terest to the readers of the Confederate Vereran 
to know something of the prison life of one who 
has done so much to perpetuate the glorious mem- 
ory of his comrades, so that the coming generation 
can look at this monument with a feeling of vener- 
ation and pride for the soldiers of the lost cause. 




/ 




CHARLES C. HEMMING. 

Charlie Hemming, as we all called' him, is a*na- 
tive of Florida. He enlisted in the Jacksonville 
Light Infantry in January, 1861, was captured dur- 
ing the Battle of Missionary Ridge, sent to Nash- 
ville, then to Rock Island prison, 111. He arrived 
there about the 9th of December, 1863. Many of 
the prisoners from the far South had never seen 
snow before, and one poor fellow, who did not an- 
swer to his name when called, was found to be 
dead. We all had to wait to be searched and as- 
signed to our barracks, and while waiting this poor 
fellow froze to death. This was the beginning of 
one of the coldest winters ever known in the north- 
west. On January 1, 1864, it was forty-two de- 
grees below zero, and many died from exposure. 
At this time I met and knew Charlie Hemming, 
and also found in prison my old friends, Will Rut- 
land, Jesse Ely and Ben Hord. of Nashville, and J. 
D. Mclnnis, now of Meridian, Miss., and we all be- 
came true friends. These were the times that tried 
men's souls, for if there was any meanness in a man's 



nature, it came out. Never will any man who was 
in Rock Island prison forgot sufferings the hardships 
of that winter. Over twenty percent, died. 

A short time after we were there the Command- 
ant, Col. Schaffner, wanted to know what was go- 
ing on in the prison, as he feared an outbreak, so 
he thought it necessary for him to have spies. He 
sent for a number of prisoners, and told them if they 
would act and report to him what was going on in 
the prison he would release them in a reasonable 
time. Our young friend Hemming was among the 
number. He was only a boy then, but when the pro- 
position was made to him, declined so firmly and 
became so indignant that he was put in irons for 
three days, and on bread and water. In prison and 
in irons he was true to his friends and his country, 
as he is now in prosperity. There was a secret so- 
ciety in the prison, known as the C. K. 7. No man 
could become a member that had ever intimated in 
any way that he would be disloyal to the South. 
This organization was for the purpose of protection 
against any oath takers who were reporting to 
headquarters and having men punished. Any one 
that was a member of the organization will know 
what it is, and appreciate what good it did. We 
planned manj T ways of escape, tunnels were dug, 
but we were not very successful. 

One night Charlie Hemming, John Mclnnis and 
I met under an old tree and had a long talk. I 
bade them good-bye and did not believe I would 
ever see them again. They had been a long time 
trying to get two blue uniforms, and when at last 
they succeded, they arranged to pass out with the 
detail as guards, the next morning, which they did. 
They went over to Rock Island City, and there they 
found some friends who gave them money and citi- 
zens clothing. From there they went to Canada 
and reported to the Hon. Jacob Thompson, the 
Confederate Commissioner. He assigned them to 
the secret service in Canada. This was about the 
28th of September, 1864. Sometime during the 
next month, our mutual friend, Will Rutland, made 
his escape. He went out as a doctor with his book 
under his arm. He soon joined Hemming in Can- 
ada, and they were in all the raids that were made 
from Canada into the border States. They kept a 
force of perhaps thirty or forty thousand to guard 
the Canadian frontier. Hemming was sent into 
this country with Capt. Beals, who was captured at 
Niagara Falls, tried and hanged at Governor's Is- 
land, New York Harbor. Hemming, after many 
adventures, got back to Canada, and Col. Thomp- 
son then sent him South with important dispatches 
for the government. He had to go to Nassau, then 
to Cuba, and landing on the coast of Florida in the 
wilderness, had to walk most of the way to Rich- 
mond. Arriving there, he delivered his dispatches, 
and was thanked by President Davis for his perse- 
verance; he rejoined his regiment not long before 
the surrender. He returned to his home in Florida, 
honored and respected by all his comrades. Then 
he went to Texas, started to work in Galveston, 
from there he went to Brenham, where he engaged 
in the dry goods business and was quite successful. 
From there to Gainsville, where he started in the 
banking business. Many years ago he told me 



Confederate l/eteran 



149 



that if he succeeded in making money he would 
erect a monument to his comrades, as it had always 
been the dream of his life. There was never a 
more noble, generous or higher toned man than 
Charlie Hemming, loved and respected by all who 
know him. Joshua Brown, New York. 



A sketch of the monument and an engraving of 
the design were expected for this number of the 
Veteran, but some changes were to be made and 
the engraving will be deferred. The location has 
been fixed at a beautiful spot in St. James Park, 
Jacksonville, and the city council has 

Resolved, That it is with pride and pleasure, in 
behalf of the city, we acknowledge the magnificent 
gift of the Confederate monument to this city. 

Resolved, That the committee on laws and rules 
be instructed to prepare an ordinance, dedicating 
such ground as may be necesssry for the occupancy 
of said monument. 

Mr. Hemming was in Ocala at the State encamp- 
ment, and made a speech which is complimented by 
a local paper. It says: 

The first part of his speech was a most interest- 
ing history of the speaker's experience as a prisoner 
at Rock Island, his escape to Canada and his secret 
service for the Confederacy, carrying him, as it did. 
into many tight places for personal safety. A num- 
ber of times he was captured and only by his wits, 
which seem never to have left him, did he escape 
being hung or shot. Several of his associates who 
were working with him in the same service were 
captured and killed. He told his experiences in the 
richest kind of humor and kept the audience con- 
tinually amused. In the address he said: "On 
this soil my father and mother sleep, and here 
my thoughts have often turned and with strong 
desire I have hoped, for years, that with God's bless- 
ing I might some day make the deeds and names of 
Florida's noble men, who in her greatest hour of 
trial did not leave her friendless, go down upon the 
current of the rolling years, into the unbroken cen- 
turies of eternity, honored and remembered." 

Of the great struggle he said: "For thrust we 
gave thrust, and before our flag was struck, Roman 
courage and Spartan valor had been outdone. Upon 
a hundred fields the stories of the Alamo and of 
Thermopylae were almost repeated. Often along 
our depleted lines was the Southern soldier con- 
fronted four and five and six to one. Not only did 
he hold that flag above the smoke of battle, but to 
be sure that his brave combatants might know 
there were still some to hold it up, he would wave 
it again and again, inviting with defiant "hot, the 
charge which was sure to come. 

"( >ne hundred years from now, when the mists of 
prejudice and the unfairness of a beclouded history 
shall have passed away, it will be counted an honor 
supreme to have descended from such gallant men." 

At the last quarterly meeting of the Lafayette 
McLaws Camp, United' Confederate Veterans. Sa- 
vannah. Ga., fourteen new members were received. 
Commander J. H. Estill. Second Lieutenant Com- 
mander W. S. Rockwell. Adjutant T. S. Bessalieu, 
and Comrade \Y. W. Chisholm were selected dele- 
gates to the Richmond Reunion. 



Memorial Day at Natchez, Miss. — F. J. V" 
Leland Camp, No. 20, U. C. V. Memorial Day was 
observed here yesterday, April 23d. In the morn- 
ing graves were decorated at the cemetery; in the 
afternoon stores were closed and the entire commu- 
nity turned out to Memorial Park, where the monu- 
ment is located. At 5 p.m. an elaborate programme 
was carried out. The procession consisted of two 
companies of military and our Camp of U. C. V. 
The Camp No. 20 subscribed $25.00 to the Battle 
Abbey fund. 




MISS BVE KNo\. 
Maid of Honor from Arkansas. Now at Belmont College, Nashville. 



Mrs. Nannie Seddon Barney, of Fredericksburg, 
writes of an understood antagonism between Vir- 
ginia Daughters, and states: We are working for 
exactly the same cause, viz., to care for our dear 
old soldiers, and to preserve a true record of the 
deeds of valor wrought by them. We thought it 
best for the Virginia Chapters, to remain together 
for awhile and then join the United Daughters in a 
body. We are all working beautifully now and as 
harmoniously as possible. I have ninety members 
in the Fredericksburg Chapter, and fifteen more ap- 
plications have not been acted on. We are to have 
an entertainment on May 2 « > t h , to aid the Jefferson 
Davis Monument fund. I have collected and for- 
warded to Richmond some valuable relics to be 
placed in the old Davis Mansion, where I was so 
hospitably entertained during the war. * * * 

The Confederate Veteran is a great source of 
delight to me I read it carefully, and have fre- 
quently seen communications from soldiers I had 
met during the war. It is a good thing to have 
such a means of finding out old friends. 



There is an interesting group of pictures in the 
advertisement of the Southern Railway, viz. : the Con- 
federate Capitol, the White House of the Confeder- 
acy, and that superb monument in Hollywood Cem- 
etery, Richmond. 



150 



Confederate 1/eterar?. 



(^federate l/eteran. 

8. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor aud Prop'r, S. W. MEEK, Publisher. 

Office: Willcox Building, Church Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A.Cunningham. All 
persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for 
Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron- 
age and to co-operate in extending it. 

INTERESTS OF THE VETERAN. 



It is many months now since the interests of the 
Veteran have been mentioned in its pages. Com- 
rades and friends have worked so diligently that 
it seemed unnecessary to make appeal for addition- 
al help in its own interests, but a grave question con- 
cerns its responsibility. Recently in a long journey 
through several of the Southern States it was made 
painfull}' clear that the Veteran is not known at all 
by thousands who would be grateful if they could have 
had it from the first. The husband of one of the 
heroines mentioned in the April number, to whom a 
copy had been sent, subscribed promptly with ex- 
pressions of regret that it had not been called to his 
attention before. 

Even in South Carolina where the patronage has 
long been so liberal, there were well-to-do comrades 
who never had seen a copy of it. What does this con- 
dition of things argue? Meditate for a moment. 
The co-operative help not only of these comrades is 
lost, but their children are growing up without that 
ancestral pride which is stimulating to the highest 
instincts of patriotism and of manhood. These 
comrades are deprived the comforts that you, who 
are subscribers, enjoy of the combined intelligence 
and good fellowship of the thousands who are in- 
terested in it. The saddest feature of it all is that 
so much of our strength to maintain the truth is be- 
ing lost and each year encroachments are coming 
upon the territory of "the land we love" wholly for- 
eign to these sacred interests. Do let us all do our 
duty. Shall we overcome this as far as it be prac- 
ticable and do it now? Shall we not also co-oper- 
ate, as a united brotherhood, in securing the influ- 
ence of all southern people in their glorious heri- 
tage? You know that it cannot be accomplished so 
well by any other means as to place the Veteran 
in their homes; you know that its purposes have 
never been mercenary beyond its necessities as a 
business enterprise. [Just here mention is made 
that througn the good will of subscribers in return- 
ing back numbers far beyond what was necessary 
we can send several thousand copies to comrades 
who will never be able to subscribe. Send in their 
names for gratuitous supply.] Now, in order to rev- 
olutionize conditions, a proposition is made with a 
beseeching appeal to every subscriber who believes 



in the merit of the Veteran to help do that which 
could not be accomplished in any other way: 

Procure three new subscribers and your name 
will be advanced on the list for a year and if you 
will procure a dozen new subscribers you will be 
complimented to the end of the century with your 
own subscription, regardless of anything in arrears. 
Do it, if not for yourself, to help the cause. Will 
you co-operate in this? Consider the influence and 
power that this would bring about. The Veteran 
ought to have a circulation of at least fifty thou- 
sand. Remember that there are good people who- 
actually think "it deals with dead issues," and that 
its influence is non-patriotic. Do co-operate act- 
ively to counteract this untrue influence. If you 
are a veteran you realize that your work cannot be 
protracted indefinitely. If you will not accept the 
return of favor as suggested, won't you respond to- 
this appeal and have the extra copy sent to some 
worthy comrade or family of like faith who cannot 
subscribe? This appeal is to any who believe in 
the good they can do. The growth of the Veteran 
list has been through the active co-operation of 
men in high as well as humble stations; judges, 
bankers and ministers have worked along with farm- 
ers and mechanics to bring it about. Teachers could 
do good beyond computation by giving attention to 
this request. It would be an easy matter to secure 
it for reading rooms in this way. The right spirit 
in this matter was shown recently by Captain R. 
D. Smith, President of the Athenam at Columbia, 
Tenn., at a Battle Abbey meeting, when he said: 

"Sons and Daughters of the Confederacy, let me 
urge upon you to learn your lessons better. Not to- 
know where your father was during those four 
years is to admit that you did not give him the 
honor and respect he is justly entitled to, especially 
as those years were in all probability the most event- 
ful and trying of his life. 

Comrades, you do not discuss the matter around 
the fireside as you should, or your children would 
be better informed. You should subscribe to the 
Confederate Veteran, published at Nashville, 
and see that your children read it, in order that 
they may be correctly informed about Southern his- 
tory. You will find the Veteran reliable in all of 
its statements; a magazine that you can always rear 1 
aloud to your wife and daughters from cover tc 
cover, without having a fear of seeing an immodest 
statement, or even an allusion of that sort, and you 
can be assured of having Southern history upon 
which you can rely." 

With burning words, aside from any pecuniary 
consideration, appeal is made that all co-operate 
and stand together in these most sacred interests. 



Confederate l/eterai? 



ifti 



CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION. 



Gen. S. G. French, Winter Park, Fla., gives rea- 
sons whj r the Abbey Movement should succeed: 

The eloquent appeal made to the Confederate 
veterans by comrades Evans, Hickey, Williams and 
Murrey for the purpose of procuring- funds to aid in 
erecting 1 — in such city as may be designated- -a 
Memorial Building or Battle Abbey, commends it- 
self to our thoughtful consideration. It should be 
borne in mind that the Memorial Building will be 
the Repository, where, for safe keeping, will be de- 
posited all creditable papers relating to the causes 
that necessitated the Southern states peacefully to 
withdraw from the Federal Union, where all official 
reports, magazine articles, private letters from the 
fields of battle by participants, diaries of passing 
events, in short all reliable papers that pertain to 
the war. Also all official papers emanating from 
Freedman's Burean and information of the acts of 
their agents in the execution of their duties during 
the eventful years of reconstruction — these in the 
interests of impartial history, and to the end that 
the victors shall not be left alone to publish to the 
world only such accounts as comport to their views. 
and sustain their acts pending and alter the war. 

A conquered people seldom have the heart to write 
the history of their humiliation and defeat, and it 
is generally left to the victors; and if we consider 
the abuse and slanders that were heaped on us by 
northern writers, with accompanying degrading il- 
lustrations, it cannot be reasonably expected that 
they will hereafter, assign the the true causes that 
led to the war, nor give their real motives in carry- 
ing it on, nor acknowledge the overwhelming power 
that eventually gave them success even in the 
pleasing language of fiction or much less in the 
plain language of truth. 

History is the life of a nation. We find vet exist- 
ing monuments of races that have perished and 
passed intooblivion because, they left neither written 
nor legendary history. That the Confederate 
States may for all time live as a nation, born of, 
ami battling for, constitutional rights won by so 
many revolutions against personal government, it 
is necessary to collect the testimony scattered over 
the country and place it in a Repository, ready for 
the historian to obtain evidence of the facts he may 
publish, in vindication of justice of the southern 

people. 

No nation ever rose so high, and passed through 
battle and blood, and came forth from the ordeal so 
free from disparagement and guiltless of crime. 
'Will you permit those four years of battle, your 
4 labor, your toils, your sufferings, your sacrifices, 
your homes destroyed, your land laid waste, divided 
into forty acre lots; desolation everywhere far and 
wide; comrades in unknown graves; yourself pen- 
niless and family in rags, labor disorganized, slaves 
free, sitting idle in the sun waiting for the promised 
mule: no work animals, no implements of agricul- 
ture, no law, no anything save the lone chimneys 
where your house once stood, with wild animals 
around grown tame; crows sitting on your gate- 
posts and a raven on a chimney top— that and noth- 



ing more? I repeat, will you let all this pass for 
naught, and take no steps to preserve a record of it 
in a truthful account of the struggle you made to 
protect your homes? I am sure you will not. 

We all know the means suggested by C. B. Rouss, 
For the sum of one dollar subscribed, each Confeder- 
ate will become a member of the association, and his 
name will be enrolled as one of the founders of the Me- 
morial Building where his services during the war 
will be perpetually kept for an honor to his children 
and their posterity, and thus whatever may be the 
vicissitudes of fortune to you and your descendants, 
you cannot be deprived of the honorable distinction, 
that you were a Confederate soldier. 

In the far, far away years to come, perchance 
some of your descendants, attaining to high estate, 
will, in tracing up their ancestry, rejoice to learn 
that the rolls preserved in the Battle Abbey show 
that you were a soldier in the army of the Confed- 
eracy, and claim the honors that pertain to that 
distinction, just as the many societies do now for 
descent from ancestors who served in all our pre- 
vious wars. Pride of ancestors- has a refining in- 
fluence. 

Another reason why this Memorial Building 
should be completed is, that there will be many 
papers that will shed light to guide historians in 
describing 1 a lew of the most distinguished Confed- 
erate generals of the highest rank. Heeds may be 
fairly chronicled, but character is quite another 
matter; friends may betray. For over ninety years 
persons of high attainments bave been writing the 
life of Napoleon and describing his military char- 
acter, and the peculiar relation that existed between 
him and the private soldier, and yet. alter all he 
lust describes it himself "in the order id' the 
day. on the morning of the battle of Austerlitz, in 
which Napoleon promises his troops that he will keep 
his person out of the reach of tire." Here we have 
disclosed to us the true relation that existed between 
that commander and his troops; and I know of but 
one other instance in history that, on a great occa- 
sion, has a parallel significance, and that is when 
General R. E. Lee placed himself at the head of 
some troops to lead a charge at The Wilderness. 
and they halted and cried. "Lee to the rear," and 
moved only when he retired or remained beyond 
imminent danger. What devotion, what confi- 
dence, what abiding trust in each other, arising 
from that "touch" that makes the world akin! By 
that act, that noble band of soldiers pledged them- 
selves to win the tight, or die in the attempt. They 
won I he fight. 

Next comes what might be termed re-but'.ing tes- 
timony, wanted to prove the falsity of the many 
publications made during and since the war. A 
generation has passed since the war commenced 
and still the stories come! 

Take lor instance a volume published by Mac- 
millan and Co.. New York and London 1893, written 
by Cold win Smith, and entitled. "The I'nited States, 
Political History." On page 41, he writes: 

"Society in Virginia was divided into three classes. The 
planter oligarchy, poor whites and negro slaves The poor 
whites were destined after In e» of u barbarous and 

debared exislenci to end in a blaze of glory as the heroic in- 
fant rv of t he South." 



152 



Confederate l/eterar>. 



The author is certainly misled in the statement 
in regard to the condition of the poor whites for two 
two centuries. On page 255 he writes: 

"The South to begin with had the contents of the Federal 
arsenals and armouries which had been well stocked by the 
treason of Buchanan'? Secretary of War." 

And then he states: 

"The South had the advantage of the defensive, which 
with long range muskets and a difficult country, was reck- 
oned in battle as five to two." 

Here the author is not acquainted with the facts, 
and his declarations are wrong, and such statements 
are inexcusable in the face of accessible refutations 
of them. On page 201 is the statement that in 1861, 

"The force of spontaneous zeal in the North was in con- 
trast with the iron despotism which grasped the resources 
of the South, where guards pressed men in the streets and 
conscripts were seen going to Lee's Army in chains." 

He has got the despotism on the wrong side of 
Mason's and Dixon's line, and as for zeal, the writer 
says, page 256. 

"In the North, after a while, enthusiasm subsided, deser- 
tion commenced, and then resort was had to bounties, and 
bounty jumping, — that is desertion and re-enlistment for 
more bounty and finally the draft and the accepting of sub- 
stitutes in whose persons as the jesters said, a man might 
leave his bones on the field of honor and think of it with pa- 
triotic piide as he sipped his wine at home." 

I am sorry Mr. Smith did not investigate this 
matter further and ascertain if these bounty jump- 
ers did not, under an alias or change of name, act 
as substitutes for several persons — and then the 
pension roll! 

One more reference to this late history, page 266: 
"At the taking of Fort Pillow by the Confederates, the 
negroes of the garrison were shot down after surrender; 
some were nailed to logs and burned ; some were buried 
alive, and even whites taken with the negroes shared the 
same fate. The evidence for this seems conclusive. Why 
should we reject it when at this day negroes in the South 
are being burned alive?" 

It is astonishing how hatred and prejudice will 
mislead a man. There, when the Confederate 
troops from elevated ground commanded the fort, 
when their troops were massed in a depression close 
to the fort and when it was clearly seen that the 
works would be captured, General Forrest, under 
flags of truce, asked the force to surrender. Three 
time* was this done in vain; and nothing was left 
for Confederates but to storm the fort. In less 
than fifteen minutes the works were captured and 
the garrison retreated fighting. There was no sur- 
render. The firing ceased as soon as the flag could 
be cut down. There were gun boats and steamers 
in the river, and under flag of truce they came to 
the landing. The sick and wounded were put on 
board a steamer; duplicate receipts made out, sign- 
ed, and exchanged. All passengers were permitted 
to land and visit the fort and collect mementoes; 
and finally two Federal officers that asked the 
wearied Confederate officer to take a parting glass 
with them, were, for this courtesy, deprived of their 
commissions. And so the ghastly picture drawn 
by the author turns out to be evidence of his gulli- 
bility, or the work of a distempered imagination. 
To the interested, a true account of the capture of 
Fort Pillow will be found in the Veteran for No- 
vember '95. 

I have made these extracts few in number, from 



perhaps the latest northern historian (who, I am in- 
formed, owes allegiance to Her Majesty the Queen 
of England) and made some comments on them to 
point out to you, Confederate veterans, that, al- 
though you made history, and it belongs to you, 
you will never have it truthfully written unless the 
means be provided; that done, the coming man — a 
Gibbon or a Macauley — will arise and enrapture the 
world with the history of the greatest and most un- 
selfish struggle for the principles of constitutional 
liberty^ that has ever been witnessed. 

Did you not offer your lives and give up the peace 
of home, and battle for your rights? And now 
when thirty years have passed, it is asked, "Is life 
so dear and peace so sweet" that you sit supinely 
by while in detraction you are still written down 
a rebel and. make no effort to vindicate the justness 
of your cause, the purety of your motives, and blot 
out the foul aspersion? 

That the constitution was a compact, that seces- 
sion was a reserved right, that you were not rebels, 
that your cause was just — like the light of the 
morning, is dawning over the world. The subtlety 
of the higher law, the cry of free soil, the agitation 
of slavery, party turned into faction, sectional pre- 
judice and jealousy, precluded calm investigation of 
our rights at the North before the war. These 
causes of excitement having passed in a great meas- 
ure away, the examination of the laws without pre- 
judice has enlightened the people; and in the forum 
of justice ere long the decree will be — that you were 
soldiers fighting to preserve the inalienable rights 
God bequeathed to all mankind. 

Lord Woodhouselee. Senator of the College of 
Justice and Lord Commissioner of Justiciary in 
Scotland, etc. Page 40'), Vol. II, Universal "His- 
tory, in discussing the right to behead Charles I, of 
England, say^s. 

"Government is founded either on superior force, which 
subjects everything to the despotic will of the governor, or 
it is founded on a. compact, express or tacit, by which the -object 
consents to be ruled, and the prince to rule according to 
certain laws and regulations. * * In the case of a gov- 

ernment subsisting by an express or tacit agreement between 
the prince and subjects, while the prince maintains his part 
of the contract by a strict adherence to those rules by which 
it is stipulated that he is to govern, resistance is unlawful 
and rebellious ; where he violates those rules, resistance is 
legal and justifiable. I hold the principle of resistence to be 
inherent in all government ; because it is consonant to hu- 
man nature, and results from the nature of government it. 
self.'' 



Confederate Veteran. 



153 



seek occasion for war. They made it in attempting 
to reinforce Fort Sumter at Charleston. It was 
not a civil war except in some border states. It 
was an inter-national war from the beginning-, 
and all its usages were observed to the end. It was 
a war for conquest, spoliation and re-annexation. 

An apology, made or offered, is regarded as an 
expression of regret for an injurious act. Now, 
after years of sectional legislation, pernicious to 
the South, both by Congress, and the northern 
states, defiantly made, and for which no relief 
could be obtained, the southern states seceeded as a 
mode of redress. 

"Congress, rinding disunion really come." apologized 
"and fell on its knees and offered the slaveowners boundless 
concessions. It was ready to give slavery new guarantees 
and extensions * * to call upon the states to repeal all 
their personal liberty hills, lo extend the Missouri compro 
mise line to the pacific. It offered to place slaver] beyond 
Che reach of Constitutional annulment, and a resolution to 
thai effect passed the House by a vote 133 to 65, and in the 
Senate by 24 to 12, just the requisite two-thirds " 

Wendell Phillips said to Lincoln: 

''Here are a series of stales girding the Gulf, thai think 
their peculiar institution require a separate government. 
They have a right to settle that question without appealing 
to you or me" The great organ in New York conceded I lie 

right to withdraw. General Scott, commanding the l ederal 

Army, proposed a division of the Union into four separate 
Confederations. Lincoln himself said "Any people, any- 
where, being inclined and having the power, have a right to 
rise up and shake off the existing government and forma 
new one that suits them belter. This is a most valuable, a 
most sacred right, a right which we hope, and believe, is to 
liberate the world. t>r any portion of such people thai Can 
revolutionize and establish government over the territory 
they inhabit." 

These offers and apologies were made in ,ain. 
The causes of separation were overwhelmed by the 
question of slavery coming' to the front and the irre- 
pressible conflict began. There are hewers "I wood 
and drawers of water in every country; but because 
ours were bondsmen, and the institution called 
slavery — a word the Antithesis of Liberty it was 
condemned by the world, and the deluge came. 1 
have alluded to this matter to point out that sec- 
tional legislation or protection was the main cause, 
and slavery only the occasion of the war — and his- 
tory yet to be written will establish this. 



A TRIBUTE TO THE MAN IN BLACK. 



Comrade C. C. dimming, of Fort Worth. Texas, 
writes that Bob and Alf Taylor have just passed 
through the Fort in their double role of "Yankee 
Doodle and Dixie," and a crowded house greeted 
them, laughing and crying alternately at the com- 
edy and tragedy of the "Old South" crucified under 
the Southern Cross, "for," as Bob says, so truly, 
"it is the old, old South, with the print of the nails 
of its crucifixion in its hands/' lie brought to the 
memory of the gray heads the old "Black Mammy." 
and spoke of the monument in the future that would 
be erected to her memory for her faithfulness before 
and during the great struggle. 

This revives the memory of a faithful man in 
black who followed me through from First Manas- 
sas, Leesburg, where he assisted in capturing the 



guns we took from Baker, to the Peninsular, the 
Seven Days before Ricnmond, Fredericksburg, the 
bombardment of the city December 11, and the bat- 
tle, two days after, at Marye's Heights; to Chancel- 
lorsville, the storming of Harper's Ferry, and the 
terrible struggle at Sharpsburg (Antei tarn now), 
and last, Gettysburg. Here he lost his life by his 
fidelity to me — his ''young marster" and companion. 
We were reared together on "de ole plantation" in 
"Massippi." 

I was wounded in the Peach Orchard at Gettys- 
burg on the second day. The fourth day found us 
retreating in a cold, drizzling rain. George had 
found an ambulance, in which I. Sergeant Major of 
the Seventeenth Mississippi, and Col. Holder of 
that regiment, still on this side of the river i, and an 
officer of the Twenty- first Mississippi, whose name 
esi apes me. embarked for the happy land of Dixie. 
All day long we moved slower than any funeral 
train over the pike, only getting eight miles — to 
Cashtown, When night came I had to dismount 
from lo^sof blood and became a prisoner in a strange 
land. On the next day about sundown faithful 
George, who still clung to me. told me that tne 
Yankees were coming down the road from Gettys- 
burg and were separating the "black folks from 
dar marsters;" that he didn't want to be separated 
from me and for me to go on to prison and he'd slip 
over the mountains and join the regiment in retreat. 
and we'd meet again "ober de ribber," meaning the 
Potomac. We had crossed at Williamsport, 

1 insisted on George accepting his freedom and 
joining a settlement of free negroes in the vicinity 
of Gettysburg, which we had passed through in 
going up to the battle. But he would have none of 
it; he wanted to stay with me always I had him 
hide my sword, break it off at the hilt and stick it in 
a crack of the barn I that yet stands in the village 
to the left of the road going away from Gettysburg, 
where I. with about thirty other wounded, lay. I 
can vet see that faithful black face and the glint of 
the blade as the dying rays of that day's sun Hashed 
upon them. A canteen of water and some hard 
tack was the last token of his kindly care for me. 

In the spring of 1865, I saw a messmate from 
whom I was separated on that battlefield, and he 
told me the fate of poor, faithful George. He had 
gotten through the lines safely and was marching 
in the rear of our retreating command, when met by 
a Northern lady, who had a son in our command, 
whom George, by chance, happened to know. He 
was telling her of her son, who was safe as a pris- 
oner, when some men in blue came up. George ran 
and they shot and killed him. He was dressed in 
gray and they took him for a combatant. The lady 
had him buried and then joined her son in prison- 
She told my messmate of this and he told to the 
boys in camp the fate of the truest and best friend 
1 ever had. George's prediction will come true I 
leel we will meet again "over the river." 



The Tolland, Conn.. Leader concludes a liberal 

review; Though published in the interests of the 
Survivors of the Southern army, it is free from 
anything calculated to disturb the harmony between 
the old veterans of the two armies. 



154 



Qopfederate l/eterar>. 

GALLANT KENTUCKIANS WHO FOUGHT FOR THE CONFEDERACY. 





1 



John c BrecKeuridge was born in Lexington, Ky., January 16, 1831. 
His career as a Confederate was conspicuous. He took command of 
a brigade November IS, 1861. and of a division a month later. In April, 
I . ,S was m comm iud of a corps, ( Army of Mississippi). In 1862-3, 
beheld important assignments in Mississippi, Louisiana and Tennes- 
see. In 1S6L he was ordered to Kicbmond. and served in the field in 
Virginia and in East Tennessee until he was made Secretary of War. 
February 6. 1865. He died at his home in Lexington, May 17, 1875. 





Albert Sidney Johnston was born in -Mason County, Ky.. February 31, 1803. 
He resigned his commission in the United states Army in California, came 
East and -was assigned to command of Confederate forces, September 10. 
1S62. His career, though very brief in behalf of the South, is both thrilling 
and pathetic. Its perusal will give comfort A guard officer in the Union 
Army said : "He was almost Godlike." 



;;;«:;, 





eston was born near Louisville, Kv.. October 15. 1816. He was made a 
Major General in the Confederate Army, April 17,'l8fi2. and reported to General Breck- 
enridge. l<ive weeks afterwards he was assigned to General Folk's command aslnspec- 

or General. He afterwards commanded the Department of East Tennessee. He died 

t Lexington, September 21, 1887. 



Roger W. Hanson was born in Winchester, Ky., August 27. 
1827. He was Colonel of the gallant Second Infantry at Fort 
Donelson. After that battle, he was promoted to Brigadier 
General, and was mortally wounded in the battle of Murfrees- 
boro, July 2, 1863. His death occurred two days afterwards. 
These engravings are from Gen. John Boyd, of Lexington, 
who has graciously supplied a line lot of the noble men who 
served the Confederacy: all of whom are now dead. 



Confederate Veteran. 155 

ONE COMPANY IN FIFTY-SEVEN BATTLES. SHILOH BATTLEFIELD REUNION MAY 30. 






Comrade T. J. Dement, postmaster at Chatta- 
nooga, Term., furnishes the Veteran notes from an 
article by James H. Sheppard: 

On the l'9th day of April, 1861, Company D, of 
the Clark Cavalry, marched to Harper's Ferry. 
It was composed of as gallant and true spirits as 
ever went forth to battle. Col. J. E. B. Stuart was 
in charge of it — and all the Cavalry — while Briga- 
dier General T. J. Jackson was in command of all 
the forces there. Our officers were Captain Joseph 
R. Hardesty; Leiutenants Win. Taylor, David H. 
Allen and George Mason. We were assigned to the 
First Regiment Virginia Cavalry. In the first battle 
of Manassas, our Company and one other lost 
twelve killed. Among the slain was the gallant 
Lieut. D. II. Allen. After the battle Stuart was 
made Brigadier General, and Capt. Win. E Jones was 
made Colonel and assumed command of the regi- 
ment. The Sixth Regiment was then forming, and 
lacked two companies of having a quota, while the 
First had too many. 

In August, 1861, Gen'l. Stuart permitted the Clark 
and Rockingham Companies to decide, by vote, 
whether to go to the Sixth or to remain in the First. 
Thev elected to go in the Sixth. Its officers were 
Colonel Chas. W. Fields; Lieutenant, Col. Julian 
Harrison; Major J. Gratton Cabell, and John Allen 
Adjutant. Fields shortly afterwards was made 
Brigadier General and assigned to the command of 
an infantry brigade, Maj. Thos. S. Flournoy was 
made Colonel, and Cabell E. Flournoy was made 
Major. In 1863, Julian Harr. son was made Colonel, 
but being badly wounded the day he took command 
at Brandy Station, nevercame back to the regiment. 
Colonel Cabell Flournoy was killed two days before 
the second Cold Harbor light, when Richards became 
Colonel, Grimsley Lieutenant Colonel, and J. A. 
Throckmorton, Major. These gallant officers were 
leading their men to battle when the banner of the 

[Confederacy was forever furled. 

The Company had several Captains. On the 21st 
of July, 1861, Captain Hardesty resigned and Hugh 
M. Nelson was elected Captain, but not being pres- 
ent, Lieut. Win. Taylor — than whom no braver 
man ever lived — led the Company that awful day. 

Of all the officers that commanded Company D. 
from April. '61, to April '65, but three are living, and 

IColonel Grimsley is the only survivor of the com- 
manding officers of the Sixth Virginia Cavalry. 
Our brigade commanders were Generals J. E. B. 
Stuart, Fitz Lee, Beverly Robinson, Wm. E. Jones, 

ID. L. Lomaxand Wm. H. Payne. ) He names a long 
list of battles here. | 

Company I), had enrolled from April 1861 to April 

1865, one hundred and seventy men, fought fifty- 
seven pitched battles, had eighty-three men killed, 
thirty-live to die after the war from wounds received, 
and disease contracted in prison and exposure, only 
fifty-two out of one hundred and seventy are alive 
to-day. Such is the record of this company. 

We all hope to have a reunion at Richmond the 
first and second of July. 



Col. E. T. Lee, of Monticello, 111., sends this: 

There will be a grand reunion on the Shiloh bat- 
tlefield of the survivors of that battle on May 30, 
"Decoration Day." Prominent speakers from the 
North and South will deliver addresses. One feat- 
ure of the program will be the dedication of a mon- 
ument, by the members of the Ninth Illinois Infantry, 
at the National Cemetery in honor of their dead 
comrades who fell at Shiloh, they having lost 365 
men in killed and wounded in the battle. This will 
be the greatest meeting ever held on the battlefield. 
The graves of the fallen comrades will be decorated. 

Reduced rates will be given on the railroads and 
steamboat lines. For particulars address Col. E. 
'P. Lee, Secretary. Shiloh Battlefield Association, 
Monticello, 111., or James Williams, Ass't Secretary, 
Savannah, Tenn. In a personal letter Col. Lee savs: 

"We have all decided to work together in peace for 
the success of the Shiloh Park, and I hope there will 
be no more trouble." In asking aid of the VETERAN 
he mentions it as "tine all the time." 



Miss Alice E. Colquhoun, Recording Secretary, 
Alexandria, Va. : "The Anne Lee Memorial Asso- 
ciation held its annual meeting in Alexandria. Ya.. 
on the birthday of ^'tcn. Robert E. Lee. The asso- 
ciation numbers about sixty members in Alexan- 
dria. Six ladies, from as many States, have accept- 
ed the office of Vice-President, viz.: Miss Maud 
Lee Davidge, District of Columbia; Mrs. William 
B. Reed, of Maryland; Mrs. Joseph E. Washington, 
of Tennessee; Mrs. Winkle, of Texas; Mrs. Judge 
Thomas, of Arkansas, and Mrs. Emma Thompson, 
of Georgia. Miss Sallie Stuart, of Alexandria, is 
the Vice-President of Virginia. Several of these 
ladies have been prevented until this time from 
taking any active part in the Anne Lee Memorial 
Association, but are now ready to enter upon it. 
Others in Virginia and other States have manifest- 
ed interest in the object of the association, which is 
to raise funds to erect a monument to the mother of 
noble Robert E. Lee in Alexandria. The badge of 
the association is of crimson satin, stamped in sil- 
ver, with the initials of the association, 'A. L. M. 
A.,' over the coat-of-arms of the Lee family, and 
their motto: 'Non Incautus Fuiuri.' They are for 
sale at Z.^ cents each for the benefit of the fund. 
The officers of the Anne Lee Memorial Association 
feel they have every reason to be encouraged at the 
progress made in their work. They have been at 
considerable expense in getting the association 
chartered, etc., but all expen es have been met, and 
we have a balance in our treasury. In sending this 
notice to the CONFEDERATE VETERAN, it is to call 
attention to our association and to secure Vice- 
Presidents lor the several States and subscriptions 
to the monument fund of one dollar each annually." 



T. B. Durnal, Forreston, Texas, inquires for 
Sam Sublett, who went to the war from Conway 
County, Ark., in 1861, and has not been heard from 
since. Information in regard to him is desired. 



156 



Confederate l/eterar? 



THE CONFEDERATE HOME FOR TEXAS. 



The Veteran thanks Henry E. Shelley, Esq., 
President Board of Managers, Texas Confederate 
Home, for the following- concise sketch: 

Austin, April 22, 1896. 

As comrades generally would like to know what 
we have done and are doing for crippled and indi- 
gent Confederate soldiers and sailors, I submit with 
the cut a brief history of its establishment. To 
give anything like a full history of the struggles 
of the John B. Hood Camp, iu its efforts to estab- 
lish and maintaiu the Home, would require too 
much of your valuable space. 

In 1884 the John B. Hood Camp of Confederate 
Veterans was organized and chartered under our 
State laws, having for its main object the establish- 
ment of a Confederate Home at Austin, Texas. 
Soon thereafter we purchased fifteen acres of land, 
with a two. story frame building containing eight 
rooms. The Home was opened for the reception of 
inmates under rules and regulations adopted by the 
Camp. Committees were appointed to raise means 
for the maintenance and enlargement of the Home, 
and these committees, aided by a number of ladies 
of Austin, raised money enough to maintain the 
inmates then in the Home, and build some addi- 
tional cottages. By the individual efforts of the 
members of the Camp early in 1886, the people of 
the State became thoroughly aroused to the import- 
ance of establishing the institution on a solid 
basis, and sufficient means was raised, from time to 
time, to enable the Camp to enlarge the Home and 
admit an additional number of inmates, and main- 
tain them until March First, 1891, when, by au- 
thority of an act passed by the Twenty-second Leg- 
islature, and approved February 27th, 1891, entitled 
"An Act to authorize the transfer of the Confed- 
erate Home, at Austin, from Private to State Man- 
agement, and to establish said Home as a State In- 
stitution, and Provide for its Support," the John B. 
Hood Camp, Confederate Veterans, transferred to 
the State the Home property, amounting in value to 
about thirty thousand dollars; and the State as- 
sumed control, management and maintenance of the 



same. The institution is now controlled by a Board of 
Managers, consisting of five ex-Confederate soldiers 
appointed by the Governor, which Board appoints a 
Superintendent, who must also bean ex-Confederate 
soldier. By an amendment to our State Constitu- 
tion, adopted at our last general election, the Legis- 
lature is authorized to make an appropriation for 
the maintenance of the Home, not to exeeed the sum 
of one hundred thousand dollars a year. Our ap- 
propriation for the fiscal year beginning March first, 
1896, is twenty-eight thousand dollars, exclusive of 
the salaries of officers and employees, and four thou- 
sand dollars for improvements. 

We now have about one hundred and eighty (180) 
inmates, who are provided with all the necessary 
comforts. There have been admitted to the Home, 
since its opening by the John B. Hood Camp, 377 
inmates, ninety-eight of whom have died and are 
buried in a plot of five acres in our State Cemetery, 
set apart for that purpose. 

Any ex-Confederate soldier or sailor, who can es- 
tablish his honorable service in the army or navy, 
and who is indigent and physically unable to sup- 
port himself, is not a lunatic, and is not afflicted 
with any contagious or infectious disease, was a 
bona fide citizen of the State on the first day of 
January, 1895, can be admitted to our Home, no 
matter from what State he entered the service. I 
cannot now classify, by States and character of ser- 
vice, the present number of inmates, but on Decem- 
ber first, 1894, there were 147 inmates, and of that 
number 71 served in infantry, 55 in cavalry, 5 in the 
navy, and 16 in artillery, and from the folk wing 
States: Texas 91, Virginia 6, Alabama 5, North 
Carolina 2, Kentucky 2, Florida 1, Georgia 4, Mis- 
sissippi 6, Missouri 3, Arkansas 1, South Carolina 
3, Louisiana 10, Tennessee 5, and 6 not stated. At 
that time the oldest man in the Home was 88 and 
the youngest 48 years of age. 

Since the State assumed the maintenance of the 
Home, the g-rounds have been enlarged and more 
buildings added (all brick buildings), and they 
are supplied with pure water, fire protection and 
electric lights. The property is now worth be- 
tween ninety and one hundred thousand dollars. 




TKXAS HOME FOK CONFEDERATE VETERANS 



Qoofederate l/eterar? 



J 57 



This institution is situated one and a half miles 
west of the Capitol, on an elevated position nortb 
of the Colorado river. The above picture is a view 
from the east. The administration building. <>n the 
left, is fronting south, viewing the river valley and 
the picturesque scenery opposite. This building is 
the residence of the Superintendent, Surgeon, and 
Quarter master, and contains chapel, library and 
dining-room for inmates, also the kitchen. To the 
right a row of cottages is shown, which form the 
eastsiile of the court, lined on the west with a like 
row of cotrages, while in the center of the court 
there is a hospital with sixty beds. The picture 
shows the root of the hospital elevated over the 
cottages; the western cottaffes cannot be seen. 



WHO CONCEIVED THE BATTLE ABBEY. 

It comes in already as appropriate to refer to the 
tiles of the VBTERAN in regard to the conception ol 
the great enterprise in which all of the South is 
now interested. All honor to Comrade k'ouss f or 
what be is doing in its behalf. The idea may have 
originated with him. but he will honor a fair 
maiden of Florida, Miss Nannie Nutt. who wrote in 
the Veteran for July, 1893, about "A Confederate 
Westminister," in which she stated: 

"As time advances, removing the actors in the 
tragedy of the Confederacy from the world's stay-e. 
and their memory becomes less ami less a matter of 
personal knowledge and more of tradition, li 
ture and art should be invoked as custodians of 
their fame. 

"War is terrible, but never were soldiers endowed 
with military genius so unpolluted by its demoral- 
izing breath as Davis, Lee, Jackson, Johnston, and 
many others who have identified their names with 
the Confederacy. Their deeds and lives we can 
place without fear of comparison 03- the brightest 
episodes in history. 1 'cleat cannot vitiate such 
virtue and genius as theirs, and for them, and the 
principles which inspired their valor befon .lithe 
world, let us ordain Sitting sepulture for ashes, tit- 
ting monument for a just though lost cause, tor 
genius and virtue an apotheosis. Can these ends 
be achieved more coordinately than by the ere< tion 
of a Confederate Westminister, so to speak — a 
national mausoleum?" 



Chas. A. Reeser, State Soldiers' Home. Erie 
County, Ohio, March 25. '96: I herewith hand you 
the sum of one dollar, the same to apply on my sub- 
scription to the Veteran, which expires next month. 
Please discontinue the same. As I do not enjoy the 
luxury of drawing a pension, I am unable to continue 
a subscriber to your valuable and interesting journal. 



Theofficersof Camp Omer R. Weaver. No. .^54, u. 
C. V., of Arkansas, at Little Rock, are: W. C. Rat- 
cliffe.Cotnmander; J.W.Colquitt and A. Ottenheimer, 

Lieut. -Commanders; W. F. Blackwood, Adjutant; 
Claibourne Watkins, Surgeon; J. P. Eagle, Chap- 



lain; W. P. Campbell, 
Color Serjeant. 



Treasurer; W. II. Hicks, 



SOLDIERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

Organizations in the service of the Confederacv 
from each of the Southern States: 



1 \\ \I.K1 . 



Infn- 

try. 



Artillery. 



TOTAI 



— 



X 





~ 


a 


c 










-r 
















_ < 




- 








'■< 





A lJlh:iin;i . 
■ -us 
1 

1 011 isiana . 
M 1-- leoippi 

V.I!' I 

Soul m * Carolina... 

: 

I I \;«- . 

Virginia 

1 B Regulars. 

Grand Total. 



.-. 




.'. 




•1 


1 


II 




; 




1 






11 


88 


1 
11 






i; 






1: 






■J..: 



139 



16 1;:: 



li 



41 

1'.' 



•_'li :,•< 

■Js ).l 



30 
IS 



861 064 



After kindly furnishing the above statistics, Mr. 
Ken La Bree, oi Louisville, aggregates the forces as 

follows: 52'' regiments and 85 battalions of infan- 
try; 127 regiments and 47 battalions of cavalry; 
8 regiments and l battalion of partisan rangers; S 
regiments and i, battalions of heavy artillery, and 
261 batteries ot Hghl artillery. In all, equivalent 
to 764 regiments ol L0 companies each. 

These wen- all troops of the line, and they served 
during the war. The number does not include reg- 
iments which served a short time only; neither does 
it include disbanded or consolidated regiments, nor 
State Militia. Junior Reserves. Senior Reserves, 
Home Guards, local defense regiments and separate 
companies, and yet these miscellaneous organizations 
rendered effective service at times and took the 
place of regular troops. 

The Petersburg intrenchments, on June 15, 1864, 
were held successfully by militiamen during the 
first assault, until the arrival of Lee's armv. Par- 
tisan bauds, like Mosbv's and John Morgan's, kept 
eight or ten times their number of Union cavalry 
employed in protecting territory in which they 
operated, or in watching their movements. 

If the average enrollment of the Confederate reg- 
iments were known, the strength of the army could 
soon be computed. 

There are no muster out rolls of the Confederate 
regiments. There are partial sets of rolls and 
monthly returns in the War Record Office, Wash- 
ington, D. C , but they are defective and incomplete. 

The rolls of North Carolina regiments have been 
printed, and with S regiments of the Junior and 
Senior Reserves, not included in the foregoing list, 
show a total enrollment of 125,000 men. These 
rolls, incomplete as they necessarily are. show that 
22 ol the North Carolina regiments numbered over 
l,5oo men each, and some of them over 1,800. 

The Confederacy organized but few new reg- 
iments after 1N<>2. The recruits and conscripts 
were assigned to the old regiments to keep them up 
to an effective strength. 



I5S 



Confederate l/eteran, 



BRAVE TEXANS IN THE VIRGINIA ARMY. 



From another yellow old letter by J. B. Polley: 
Camp near Richmond, July 12, 1862. 

Charming Nellie: — Crossing- the railroad at 
Ashland on the morning of June 26th, a large force 
of skirmishers was sent forward. I was one of 
them, and the distinction cost me the hardest day's 
work I ever did. We were formed in line, twenty 
feet apart, and admonished to keep the line well 
dressed, to maintain the intervals between us and 
to keep a sharp lookout for the Yankees. You can 
imagine how difficult this was in the wilderness of 
pine timber and matted undergrowth into which we 
plunged. The most important duty seemed to me 
to keep watch on my front for the enemy, and if I 
gave my whole mind to that, I was certain to get 
behind or ahead of my comrades, or to join forces 
with the man to my right or left. I managed some- 
how, though, not to get lost, and to be on hand 
about 11 o'clock a.m., to assist in driving an out- 
post of the F-ighth Illinois Cavalry from its camp in 
such haste that it left cooking utensils, provisions 
and forage. Luckily, a halt was called here, and 
we made good use of the time dining at the ene- 
my's expense. A cup of well-cooked rice and the 
best half of a ham fell to me in the distribution of 
eatables. The rice had just been taken from the 
fire, and was too warm to carry in my haversack, 
and as the last thing a Confederate soldier can 
afford to do is to waste provisions, I immediately 
sat down and downed the rice. 

Then noticing a party of men sitting on their 
horses in the road near me, I sauntered down to in- 
terview them. I was on the point of making some 
impertinent remark — inspired by the contempt we 
infantry soldiers feel for cavalry — to a particularly 
seedy, sleepy-looking old fellow, whose uniform and 
cap were very dirty, and who bestrode a regular 
Rosinante of a horse, when an officer, all bespangled 
with lace, came up in a gallop and, saluting, ad- 
dressed my man as Gen. Jackson. At first I was 
disposed to doubt, but being convinced by the 
deference paid him that it was really old Stonewall, 
I congratulated myself for not disturbing his medi- 
tations as I had intended. No one offered to in- 
troduce us to each other, and, as we were both 
bashful, we lost the best chance of our lives to be- 
come acquainted 

That night we camped within hearing distance 
of musketry and artillery firing on both right and 
left, that on the left being between Ewell and the 
enemy, and that on the right away off in the direc- 
tion of Mechanicsville. Friday morning. June 27th, 
we again advanced. The Yankees fell back until 
they reached a strong, almost impregnable, position 
on the ground in the vicinity of Gaines' Mill. They 
occupied a ridge overlooking the Chickahominy and 
between us and the stream, their artillery being 
massed behind three lines of breastworks so con- 
structed along the side of the ridge next to us that 
firing from one could be done over the heads of the 
troops in the other. All the force of the enemy on 
our side of the Chicahominy was concentrated to 
check the advance of Jackson. The Confederates 



began their assaults on this position about noon, but 
were constantly beaten back. Brigade after brig- 
ade had been ordered to charge. They had charged 
and met repulse before, Whiting's Division — which 
consists, you know, of Law's Brigade and ours — 
reached the scene of action at 4 o'clock in the even- 
ing 

Said Gen. Whiting to Gen. Hood, pointing to a 
battery that was doing tremendous execution in the 
Confederate rank~: "That battery ought to betaken, 
General." "Then why has it not been done?" 
asked Hood. "Because the position is too strong," 
answered Whiting. "My brigade is composed of 
veterans, but they can do nothing with it." "I 
have a regiment that will capture it," said Hood; 
and, galloping to the Fourth Texas, he dismounted 
and called it to attention. Then marching it by 
the fl ink to an open field, he gave the ordets to 
bring it into line of battle, and shouted, "Forward!" 

Shot and shell began to come thick and fast as, 
surmounting the rise of the hill, we arrived in plain 
view of the Yankees, and half way T across the field 
men began to drop, wounded or dead, from the 
ranks. We passed over two regiments — said to 
have been Virginians — who, protected by a depres- 
sion of the ground, were lying down, apparently 
afraid either to advance or retreat. At the crest of 
the hill Hood shouted rapidly the orders: "Fix 
bayonets! Make ready! Aim! Fire! Charge!" 
The timber between us and the enemy hid them 
from our view, but we pulled triggers, nevertheless, 
and rushed down the hill into and across the branch, 
and at the Yankees in the first line of breastworks. 
They waited not for the onset, but fled like a flock 
of sheep, carrying with them their supports in the 
second and third lines. Reaching the road which 
ran along the summit of the hill beyond the branch, 
and looking to our left, we could see large bodies of 
the enemy in full retreat, but they were so far be- 
hind us that, mistaken for our own troops, not a 
shot was fired at them 

Just across the road from us was an acre lot en- 
closed by a rail fence. In its center stood a log sta- 
ble, and from behind this an armed Yankee 
peeped out. Stringfield, of Company A, saw him, 
and mounting the fence in hot haste, ran toward 
the stable, determined to capture the fellow. Lieut. 
Hughes, of Company F, a mild-mannered gentleman 
who never really takes the name of the Lord in 
vain, but comes perilously near it sometimes, sang 
out: "Go it, Stringfield, go it! Kill him, dod dam 
him, kill him!" But just as he reached the stable, 
Stringfield was confronted by the muzzle of a load- 
ed gun, and had it not been for Wolfe, of Company 
F, who instantly aimed, fired and killed the 
Yankee,, would have been killed himself .... 

The regiment had more work to do, and gallantly 
it did it. Hood formed the remnant of the command 
in an old apple orchard, while exposed to a terrific 
fire from the batteries, and once more gave the 
order to charge. Lieut.-Col. Warwick sprang to 
the front, shouting, "Wait, General, until I get 
ahead of them," and fifty yards further fell mortal- 
ly wounded. The Fourth rushed down into a 
ravine and up the steep bank, to find that instead 



Qopfederat'i l/eterar? 



159 



of one battery, there were three so disposed as to 
attack from the front and on the flank. The ene- 
my made no stand at first, but supporting- the 
second were eight companies of the Second United 
States Cavalry — atnongr them the very com- 
pany in which Hood served as a lieutenant. A 
squadron of this command charged upon the Fourth, 
but more than half of it were killed and wounded. 
and the balance forced to retire in disorder. This 
was the last organized resistance, the third battery 
being easily captured and the enemy driven a mile 
beyoad it. Then night came on, and human 
slaughter ceased 

After the fighting was over, I was surprised to 
learn how little of it I had really seen and partici- 
pated in. It is only the General, who stands back 
in the rear and directs the movements of an army, 
who is able to take note of all that occurs. We 
privates look only to our immediate front, right and 
left, and are not permitted to stand on eminences 
which overlook the whole field of battle. Therefore 
you must bear in mind that much of what I relate 
comes from the lips of others. Caesar could say, 
" Vent, :■/(//, vici" but the privates of his army had 
to speak in the first person plural, and say. "11? 
came, we saw, we conquered." 

Gen. Hood kept the promise made to us when he 
was promoted to be Brigadier General, and com- 
manded the fourth in its first fight. He exposed 
himself most recklessly, but was not harmed. The 
Veteran Morris said to me yesterday: "I tell you 
what, Joe, I got mighty nervous and shaky while 
we were forming in the apple orchard to make ili.it 
last desperate charge on the batteries. But when I 
looked behind me and saw old Hood resting on one 
foot, his arm raised above his head, his hand grasp- 
ing the limb of a tree, looking as unconcerned as if 
we were on dress parade, I just determined that if 
he could stand it, I would." 

The Texans feel very proud, for they have been 
complimented from all sides. In general orders, 
the credit of being the first to break the enemy's 
lines on the 27th has been given to the Fourth. 
Yet, elated as we are by that fact, we willingly ad- 
mit that either tin- First or Fifth Texas would have 
done as well if the same opportunity had been theirs. 
I Why other troops failed to take the position earlier 
in the day is very strange to me, for, judging from 
the speed with which the Yankees Bed at our ap- 
proach, they would have been equally courteous 
to any other Confederates who made a determined 
dash upon them. 

The Fifth Texas captured two whole regiments 
of Yankees — the Fourth New Jersey, raised in the 
city of Newark, and the Eleventh Pennsylvania, 
raiseil in Philadelphia — whose officers insisted on 
surrendering their swords, in a body, to Col. Upton. 
and were so prompt in the duty that he was com- 
pelled to lay down the frying pan which he carries 
in place of a sword and hold the weapons presented 
in his arms. Just when the Twentieth was being- 
rendered to him, he noticed a commotion at the 
far end of the captured regiment. That was near 
the timber, and a squad of the prisoners were mak- 
ing an effort to pass by "Big John Ferris," of 
Company B., who stood there unaided endeavoring 



to intercept them. Springing upon a log, the arm- 
ful of swords dangling about in all directions, 
Upton shouted: "You John Ferris! What in the 
h — and d — are you trying to do now?" "I'm try- 
ing to keep these d — fellows from escaping," re- 
turned Big John, in a stentorian voice. "Let them 
go. you infernal fool." shouted back Upton. We'd 
rather fight them a d — sight than to feed them." 

That was my first real experience of battle, 
Charming Nellie. As you know, I have been un- 
der fire on the picket and skirmish lines, and with 
my regiment several times, but on this occasion 
there was genuine lighting to be done — enemies in 
plain sight to shoot at and to be shot by. I frankly ad- 
mit that when I first knew we were going in, I trem- 
bled, and my heart seemed to be palpitating away 
down in the region of my boots. I was in the same 
condition of mind as the Tennessean at Manassas. 
As his regiment advanced on the enemy, a littlecotton 
tail rabbit ran through the Confederate lines and 
sped away to the rear. The Tennessee man watch- 
ed it a moment or two. and then exclaimed, in ac- 
cents which betokened heartfelt sinceretv: "Run, 
cotton-tail, run! If I had no more reputation to 
maintain than you have, I'd run, too." When I got 
fairly on the way. I felt that it was either fight or 
run, and as soon as the orders to fire and charge 
were given, dragged my heart up from its hiding- 
place and restored it to its proper position. This 
done. I became a trifle anxious to return the compli- 
ments our blue coated friends showered incessantly 
upon us, and lost all sensation of fear, although 
fully conscious of the danger. The most singular 
sensation I experienced was when my comrades to 
the right and left began to drop, dead or wounded. 
Then a strange curiosity assailed me to know how 
soon ,i bullet would hit me. what part of niv body it 
would strike, and how I should feel as I sank to the 
ground. My curiosity was fully gratified a little 
later. Something, which I thought to be a ball. 
Struck me fairly in the center of the forehead, 
and sentme backward, Baton the ground and uncon- 
cious. In the instant between blow and uneonci >US- 
ness, though, I had time to think that it was death. 
I had been kneeling and just behind me crouched 
Lieut. Bar/.i/.a, of Company C, both of us waiting 
for the command to go forward. When I came to, 
my first act was to feel for the hole I was sure was 
in my head, and Barziza's first remark was, "They 
would have got you that time, l'ollev, if your head 
hadn't been so hard." It was only a splinter, how- 
ever, from a rail struck by a solid shot, but it placed 
>rs dc combat for the balance of that day, and 
will leave a scar that 1 fear will mar the beauty of 
my frontispiece. 

I will not distress your gentle heart by an account 
oi the horrors of the battlefield afterthe fighting was 
over and it was occupied by the wounded, the dying 
and the dead. In time, perhaps. I will grow accus- 
tomed to such scenes, or. perhaps, in the very next 
battle may become one of the horrors myself. Who 
knows but Cod'.-' But, understand, I do not expect to 
be killed, and am not going to be if lean honorably 
avoid it — too much happiness awaits my return to 
Texas "when this cruel war is over." 



160 



Confederate l/eterai? 



ABOUT WAR TIMES IN GEORGIA. 

The Calhoun I Ga. , i Times, in the "Gordon County 
History, " refers to the war period in this way * * 



/*Ns* *■. 



*~rr~- 





k- W 



WW'i 




COURT HOUSE AND CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT CALHOUN. 

The tap of the drum and the tramp of marching 
feet was heard on all sides. The battle and death 
were at first a long way off, but the clash grew 
nearer. The boom of the cannon at Chickamauga 
was the opening of a dark and bloody chapter for 
fair and favored North Georgia. Mission Ridge, 
Ringgold and Dalton added their quota to the chain 
of cemeteries. Then came the fateful field of Res- 
aca, a town whose very name commemorates the 
valor of American arms. The clash and the clamor 
of war were everywhere. A great wave of gray 
swept through Calhoun and down the valley and 
close behind came a might}' tidal wave of blue! 

Ah! the pathos, the heroism, the sublime glory of 
that time! Yes, a nation glorious in its unequal 
contest with mighty odds. 

What an eventful day it was that the "wave of 
gray swept through Calhoun!" 

At that particalar time the Federals were vigilant 
in their flank movement and we marched through 
Calhoun in very quick time. The writer recalls 
the pathetic sight of a very old woman who seemed 
to have become insane under the excitement. 



The Gordon Count}- Association of Confederate 
Veterans, with Major G. W. Wells as Commander 
and H. C. Hunt as Secretary, is in a very prosper- 
ous condition, and is growing in membership. 

Mrs. Simmons and her associates, who have been 
working so heroically for the improvement of the 
Resaca Confecerate cemetery, have completed ar- 
rangements for the purchase of one hundred marble 
headstones. The committee have accomplished 
much, and the cemetery presents quite a creditable 
appearance. The trees have been cut awa\, a 
taste! ul and appropriate arch built, and, as soon as 
the one hundred headstones are put in, the monu- 
ment will be improved so that by Decoration Dav 
the cemetery will present quite an attractive ap- 
pearance. 

An iron fence is needed to enclose the graves and 
three hundred more headstones are necessary to 
mark the unknown dead. The committee earnestly 
request all friends of this cause to aid them in com- 
pleting the work they have begun so well. Persons 
living at a distance who wish to assist in this jjood 
work may send their contributions to Mrs. E. J. 
Simmons, president of the Ladies' Memorial Asso- 
ciation, or Mr. T. M. Ellis, treasurer, Calhoun, Ga. 



THE DAUGHTERS AT ALEXANDRIA, VA. 

The Veteran reports a delightful entertainment 
in Alexandria, Va., under the auspices of the Mary 
Custis Lee Chapter, United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy. These good women had enlisted a gen- 
eral interest in behalf of needy Confederate veterans 
in that city and vicinity, and they secured Fitzhugh 
Lee for an address. An attractive parade was made. 
The Lee Camp of Veterans were escorted by the 
Alexandria Light Infantry and by music. At the 
Opera House, Gen. Lee's address was preceded by 
music by an orchestra. His address was entertain- 
ing. It blended history with humor in a most inter- 
esting and fascinating way. These Daughters are 
zealous in the great cause for which they were or- 
ganized. Mrs. Philip T. Yeatman is President. 
>, -The Mary Custis Lee Chapter, United Daughters 
of the Confederacy, was organized Feb. 14, 1895. 
The permanent organization occurred May 23, 
when the following officers were elected: Mrs. 
Philip T. Yeatman, President; Miss Mary Lee 
Lloyd, Vice President; Miss Louise K. Cribcher, 
Secretary; Mrs. John R. Zimmerman, Correspond- 
ing Secretar}'; Mrs. Peyton Randolph, Treasurer. 
Charter No. 7. 



Capt. J. H. George. Howell, Tenn., in contribut- 
ing to the Sam Davis Monument Fund, says: I wish 
I could give one hundred dollars to perpetuate the 
memory of so noble a boy, one of so great devotion 
to country and constancy to friends. Such patriotism 
was never surpassed. I am proud to have the priv- 
ilege of casting in my little mite to help point 
Southern manhood to so great a deed and so noble 
a character. I wish all old Confederate soldiers 
would arouse themselves to give, if it be but little, 
and let us have a monument towering to the clouds. 
May the Confederate Veteran yet be the com- 
panion of all the Southern soldiers and their children. 



Confederate Veteran. 



161 



FIRST EXPERIENCES IN BATTLE. 



James Reese, Biltmore, N. C, who was a member 
of Company A, Twenty-fifth North Carolina Reg- 
iment, sent the following- graphic account of their 
first engagement, which was in the beginning of 
the Seven Days fighting around Richmond. 

On the morning of June 25, 18(>2, the twenty- 
fifth North Carolina Regiment left Richmond lor 
the scene of action, all anxious to see a real live, 
wild Yankee. We had orders to report to Gen. 
Huger, who was stationed on a road leading to Rich- 
mond in the direction of what was then known as 
White Oak Swamps or Seven Pines. We passed 
the general headquarters before we knew it, and as 
as soon as the mistake was discovered, our Colonel, 
Henry M. Rutledge, returned to report, leaving 
Lieut. Col. Sam C. Bryson in charge, who moved the 
regiment sonic distance, halted and stacked arms. 
We had hardly broken ranks when a courier came 
dashing from the front with orders from Gen. 
Wright, who commanded a Division comp 
principally of Georgians and Louisianians, to bring 
the first troops he found, and he unhesitatingly de- 
livered the order to Col. Bryson. who ordered us to 
take arms and load. II-' then moved us down the 
road in the direction of a brisk rattle of musketry. 
We soon began to meet men with bloody heads. 
broken arms, and otherwise variously wounded, 
the sight of which caused some of us to feel shaky 
about the knees. Some of the boys, feeling en- 
cumbered, delayed not in divesting themselves oJ 
such things as a deck of cards, which, upon be- 
ing pitched out, would display all mannei oi faces 
and make a fellow feel like lie had played the 
deuce. "Hurry up!" we hear from the front; 
"Double quick!" came from our leader; occasionally 
a fizz, or zip! or "What was that'.'" Couriers 
and horsemen were darting in all direction-.; the 
very elements seemed tilled with excitement. 
The order was to form line of battle on the left oi 
the road, which was nicely done by right of com- 
pany to the front. Soon we saw an officer come 
dashing through the pines, his long beard, parted 
in the middle, blowing back over his shoulders. 
He called out, "Where is the commander of this 
regiment?" "I am he," was the answer of Col. 
Bryson. "Move your men forward, Colonel," was 
the order given. Col. Bryson unsheathed his s. 
stepped to the front and gave the command, "for- 
ward, boys!" When we had gone about one hun- 
dred yards we came to the edge of an old field, on 
the opposite side of which we could see the Yankees 
coming. Col. Bryson .gave the command. "St. 
Front rank, kneel! Aim! P^ire!" A tremendous crash 
of musketry was heard for miles away. This was 
the only lire our regiment ever made by command. 

We soon discovered the blue coats did not stand, 
but hastily disappeared. By this time Col. Rutledge 
had joined us. He deployed companies A and I!, 
and sent us to the front to ascertain the enemy's 
position. We moved forward into a dense huckle- 
berry thicket. Part of us got lost and were caught 
between two fires. We called it a hot time not- 
withstanding that we felt chilly and almost wished 
the war was over. We had been sent out to ascer- 



tain where the Yankees were, but we now thought 
it proper to find where our friends were, and with an 
improved doublequick got back to the regiment. 

It was not long before the Yankees charged, but 
we held our ground. They made several attempts, 
but were as often beaten back. During one of our 
moyes, Col. Bryson was walking backward in front 
of the reeiment when his heel came in contact with 
a dead man; his lejrs misunderstood him and he fell 
sprawling. The Colonel thought himself killed, 
but on looking around ami seeing a dead Yankee In- 
got up, apparently satisfied. About this time a real 
Johnny Reb exclamation came from the ranks: 
"Look out, Colonel, how you fall: you might hit a 
rock or snag anil get hurt." 

( Uir Major was John W. Frances, a large fat man. 
He enjoyed being with the skirmishers and amused 
himself by firing his Colt's repeating rifle. It was 
enjoyable to hear him complain that he "believed 
the Yankees wanted to get him shot or they would 
have 'tit' in the woods where the trees growed 
bigger." 

I. ate in the afternoon one of the enemy's batteries 
moved up and was shelling our men on the right. 
A detachment was sent out from our regiment to 
sharpshoot them, which caused them to brin^- their 
guns to b>.ar upon us and we suffered considerably 
from their shell and grape. Finally, by the aid of 
an extra battery of our own. we succeeded in driv- 
ind them oft the held. When nighl came we were 
relieved, and rejoined our own (Ransom's) Brigade. 
On our way out we nut the long bearded officer, 
Ceil. Wright. He called lor Col. Rutledge. who 
was on toot, wearing a roundabout jacket and 
carrying an Enfield rifle. His boyish appearance 
won the admiration oi the General, who paid the 
highest compliment to him and his regiment for 
their day's service. 

We had next a sad duty to perform for those who 
could no longer be with the regiment. Part were 
placed upon stretchers and borne where they could 
red for. but sadder than this was the work of 
assigning others to their final resting place. 
Never do we hear rehearsed the "Burial of Sir John 
Moore" without thinking of that night, and hear- 
ing the distant guns that told of sum. -thing to come 
on the morrow. 



Leeland Hathaway. Winchester, Kv.. makes in- 
quiry iori'ol. Moody, an artillery officer from Missis- 
sippi "a splendid fellow." I heard that he had 
been shot to death by an unseen hand soon after he 
went home. He was with our President and fam- 
ily when the} were captured and, with others, was 
sent to Ft. McHenry. I am anxious to learn some- 
thing of him, if living, and if dead, whether he left 
auv family. 



Victor Montgomery, Santa Ana, Cal.: "Since 

writing you last, Comrade Charles Humphreys, a 
native of Kentucky, but who joined a Missouri reg- 
iment and served under Gen. Sterling Price - 'Pap' 
Price, as we called him), has 'crossed oyer the river 
to rest in the shade." Judge Humphreys was a pub- 
lic-spirited, prominent citizen of this* town, dearly 
beloved, and will be much missed." 



162 



(^onfedgrate l/eteran 




George w. Johnson was born near Georgetown. Ky.. May 27tli. 
1811. In September. 18fil.be left his home with Gen. Breckinridge 
and others ami went to Bowling Green, Ky., at which place he or- 
ganized the provisional Confederate Government for the State, 
which was effected by a Convention at Russellville, Ky., and a 
Constitution adopted, and he was chosen Governor, and by formal 
act of the Confederate Congress the state of which he was the 
head was admitted as a member of the Confederacy. He was the 
companion and friend of General Albert Sidney Johnston, and in 
death they were not divided. At the battle of Shiloh where he 
fell lighting as a private soldier in Company K, 4th Kentucky In- 
fantry, is better described by a letter from his son, which is ap- 
pended: k My father was wounded on second day of the battle of 
Shiloh, Monday, April 7ih, 1862. He remained on battlefield until 
following day, when he was found by Gen. MeCook.of the United 
States A» my, and recognized by Gen. J. S. Jackson, U. S. A., about 
2 o'clock p.m., April 8th. By order of Gen. Nelson, U. S. A., he was 
taken aboard a U. S. Transport and received marked attention 
and kindness until his death, which occurred at an early hour on 
Wednesday morning. April 9th, 1862, The U. S. Chaplain, Rev. 
J. F. Jaques. gave my father every attention and kindly wrote 
my mother fully as to the last sad details. Gen. J. S. Jackson at- 
tended to the shipment of the body to Louisville, Ky., where his 
friends took charge. He was buried in the cemetery at George- 
town, Ky., on April 17th. 1862. ' 



GEORGE W. JOHNSON. 




Thos. A. Russell was 

born September 10, 1843, 
enlisted at Lexington, 
September, 1869, a pri- 
vate in Company D, Sec- 
ond Kentucky, Morgan's 
Cavalry. He fought 
gallantly in many bat- 
tle- and was mortally 
\\ oiinded at Milton, 
Tenn.j April 8, 1863. Lat- 
er he was buried at Lex- 
ington, Ky. He was a 
great grandson of James 
Garard, second gove rnor 
of Kentucky. 




W. W. LONGMAN. 



Woodford \V. Longman was born in Kenton County, Ky., January 21, 1S-J0. and en- 
listed in the Confederate army July, '61, as a private in Company H, Second Kentucky 
infantry. He was a Fort Donelson prisoner, escaped from Camp Morton and joined the 
Second Kentucky Cavalry. Under Morgan he fought at Gallatin and Woodbury, Tenn., 
and in his native Kentucky, at Lebanon, Rolling Fork, Green River Bridge, Eliza- 
beth town and Cynthiana. in the latter engagement he lost a leg. He died at Frank- 
fort March 20, lS91,and was buried at Cynthiana. 



DECORATION DAY. 



THOS. A. RUSSELL. 

( Another collection of sketches from Gen. John Boyd is 
printed on page 154. Through this medium many worthy 
tributes will be paid to Kentucky comrades.) 



Sleep, comrades. sleep and rest 

On this held of the grounded arm- 
Where foes no more molest, 
Nor sentry's shot alarms: 

Ye have slept on the ground before. 

And started to your feet 
At the cm non's sudden roar. 

Or the drum's redoubling beat. 

But in this camp of death 
No sound your slumbers break: 

Here is no fevered breath. 
No wound that bleeds and aches. 



All is repose and peace, 

Cntrampled lies the sod; 
The shouts of battle cease, 
It is the truce of God ! 

Rest, com rades, rest and sleep ! 

The thoughts of men should be 
As sentinels to keep 

Your rest from danger free. 

Your silent tents of green 
We deck with fragrant flowers; 

Yours has the suffering been, 
The memory shall be ours. 

— H. W. Longfellow. 



Confederate l/eteran 



163 



CASUALTIES AT GETTYSBURG. 

L. A. Daffan, Esq., Superintendent Houston & 
Texas Central Railroad Co,, writes about Gettys- 
burg: Ennis, Texas, April 28th, 18%. 

On page 114, April issue of the Confederate 
VETERAN, I notice an article from Hon. A. J. 
Baker, relative to the battle of Gettysburg. Hood's 
Division is given as consisting of only three bri- 
gades, viz., Law's, Anderson's and Robertson's. 

If I am not very much mistaken, Benning's (Old 
Rock) Brigade was also with us at that time. It 
being in the brigade constituting Hood's Division. 

I was in the Fourth Texas Regiment (Robert- 
son's Brigade), and injustice to Benning's, which 
was one of the best brigades in the army. I desire 
to make this statement. 



In a tribute of W. P. Parks to the memory of Com- 
rade W. I. Snow, of Camp Sam Dill, as reported by 
the Arkansas Democrat, he stated: 

"There was a time in his life, and yours and 
mine, dear comrades, when all the world bowed in 
respectful admiration and paid homage to the valor 
and honesty of purpose of the Confederate soldier. 

"But we are growing old. One by one we arc fall- 
ing fast. Soon we shall all pass away with none to 
do us honor, save the sons and daughters who shall 
sintr our praises till they, too, shall be no more. 

"lie, like us, journeyed through four years of 
battle, one of the heroes who bravely fought and 
bravely fell for liberty and independence. We honor 
him because he offered his life with faith in his 
country's cause. We honor him because he was 
honest and honorable, faithful and brave. 

"We would not barter the character and fame of 
the Confederate private soldier for all the wealth 
Of earth. We would not forget the fact that we 
were humble soldiers carrying the stars and bars, 
for highest honors in the heraldry of knighthood. 

"There were no Confederates before 1861. There 
have been none since we stacked our arms in 1865. 

"Our Bag tell to liseno more. The Confederacy 
perished and its epitaph is written in the blood of 
the brave. 

"We say of our sleeping comrade, 'well done.' 

"Those who were once our brave foes join us to- 
day in generous acclaim of 'well done.' 

"The day will come when there will be erected a 
monument to our heroes and heroines which will be 
the admiration of the world." 



George Wise of Alexandria, Va.. Apr. 22, states: 

The article, "Confederates at Gettysburg," in 
this month's issue is of great interest. The statis- 
tics of the casualties of the several divisions en- 
gaged in those sanguinary battles are quoted cor- 
rectly, but they lack one fact which I trust you will 
correct: Pickett's Division fought only on the 
third day, while the others fought and lost heavily 
on one. or the other of the previous days. Especial- 
ly was this the case with Heth's Division, whose 
losses on the first day were very heavy. General 
Heth in his report, says: "The twenty-sixth North 
Carolina Regiment lost in this action more than 
half its numbers in killed and wounded, among 
whom were Colonel Rongwjn killed and Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Lane severely wounded. 

The comparison of casualties as given in the 
article mentioned is not altogether fair as it per- 
tains to Pickett's Division, lleth's losses during 
the first, second and third days of July were 2,310; 
Pickett's on the third were 1,364, and 1,499 miss- 
ing — many of the missin«\ as remarked by the com- 
pilers of the War Records, were no doubt among 
the dead. 

As to the fighting qualities- of the men of the 
Army of Northern Virginia there need be no com- 
parison. All did their full duty, and have won for 
themselves a lustre of fame that shall shine brighter 
and brighter as the flash-light of truth is turned 
upon their achievements. 



.lames T. Bickley, Lynchburg, Tenn.: "For the 
past few weeks I have been attempting to hear 
from all the surviving Whitworth Sharpshooters in 
the war. with a view that in the near future there 
miirht be a meeting of us and steps taken towards 
perfecting an association. I have received letters 
from Messrs. John M. Ozanne, Nashville. Tenn., 
Isaac N. Shannon. Goodlt ttsville. Tenn . W. D. 
Green, Gallatin, Tenn., and Hon. Chas. F. Vander- 
ford, Knoxville. Tenn They all speak approving- 
ly of my endeavors and are heart and soul for their 
success. I am exceedingly anxious to hear from 
every one of the survivors, and sincerely trust that 
every one whose eyes fall upon this will write me. 



S. A.' Griffith, Paris, Texas. I notice in the 
March VETERAN, about the Indians in the war. by 
Thos. F. Anderson, some errors, or omissions. 
The writer must have forgotten, or he would credit 
also the Ninth Texas Cavalry for participation m 
the capture of the battery at Elk Horn, or Pea 
Ridge, where, in fact, the battery that was cap- 
tured there was immediately in its front. Our color 
bearer, Hyram Duff, was the first man to the bat- 
tery ; he jumped upon one of the guns and waved 
our battle Bag over it. The Cherokees were on 
our right. I was detailed as one of the escort. 
Gen. Ben McCulloch's corpse, and our Col. W. B. 
Sims, who was wounded, to Fort Smith. Ark. 

Too much praise cannot be given Watie's men 
however, for they were the best fighters of all the 
Indian troops, anyhow, that I sawdurinir the war, 
and if Watie had been in Cen. Pike's Stead when 
McCuIlock and Mcintosh fell at Pea Ridge, we 
would have numbered that as one of our most 
<rlorioi:s victories. Pike, beinir senior in rank after 
they fell, would not take command of their troops, 
when we already had the Federals whipped. If he 
had assumed command and moved forward, the 
enemy were reach- to raise the white flags — but 
Seigel, said "Wait, I see a movement." Pike was 
falling back. 



One of the Dry Docks in the Navy Yard. Ports- 
mouth, Va., was commenced in December 1827 
while John Quincy Adams was President — and it 
was completed during the administration of Andrew 
Jackson in lS.v> 



164 



Confederate l/eterai? 



SPONSOR SOUVENIR ALBUM. 

In unsolicited testimonials, Mr. W. B. Philpott 
has much to gratify for his long- labors in the above 
named publication— souvenir of the Houston reunion. 

Gen. John Boyd, Lexington, Ky., states: I am 
very much pleased with your work and cheerfully 
say it is the best I have ever seen of its kind, and it 
should find a place in even" Southern home. The 
Confederate Soldiers and their families owe you a 
debt of gratitude which they should, in a measure, at 
least, repay by buying one of these handsome books. 

The Houston Daily Post says: The work is an 
appropriate commemoration of the Reunion, and is 
a blending of the beautiful and the historical that 
cannot fail to make it popular throughout Texas 
and the South. 

This beautiful volume is also supplied by the 
Veteran. The prices are S3 00, $4.00 and $5.00 
per copy, according to binding. The cloth volume 
I S3, i io) is given free with ten subscriptions and $10 — 
or the Veteran will be sent a year free with order 
for either edition. 

Mr. Philpott is to be commended for his untiring 
zeal and unselfish labors, making this book a credit 
to the cause of United Confederate Veterans. It is 
well edited and beautifully illustrated, and is a 
most charming "Souvenir" of the great Houston 
Reunion. 



Captain W. E. Donaldson, Jasper, Tenn.: On the 
5th day of May, 1862, I (being Second Lieutenant 
Company F, Turner's First Tennessee Regiment) 
saw the occurrence as mentioned by C. C. Cum- 
ming, page 91, March Veteran, I saw the lady 
referred to, at Williamsburg, Va., come out of the 
gate with two pistols buckled around her waist. 
She was crying and wringing her hands and implored 
the Confederates passing to turn and "Charge the 
Blue Coats". Our command was then on its way to 
the right of Longstreet's, which was then hotly en- 
gaged with the Federals, and this lady appealed with 
the enthusiasm of a true heroine, and is entitled to 
credit for the inspration she imparted in encourag- 
ing the troops. This was then the Tennessee Brig- 
ade, composed of the First Seventh and Fourteenth 
Regiments and commanded by Gen'l Samuel R. 
Anderson, of Nashville. This brigade was imme- 
diately preceded by Barkesdal'e's Mississippians. 



Col. A. R. Chisolm, Past Commander Confeder- 
ate Veteran Camp of New York City, inquiries con- 
cerning ihe circumstances connected with the pres- 
entation by ladies of a silk battle flag to the First 
Mississippi Rifles, and who the donors were. 

He also desires to know from what locality came 
that company, to what regiment, brigade, and divis- 
ion did it belong, and in which army it served. In 
addition, he would like a list of the battles it was en- 
gaged in. and the names of the commanding officers. 

Col. Chisolm was Lieutenant- Colonel and Aide- 
de-Camp throughout the war to Gen. Beauregard. 
He thinks this regiment was with them in the 
bloody battle of Shiloh. 



Col. N. B. Hogan, Springfield, Mo., March 14: 
It has been said that there are three great events 
in every man's life — his birth, his marriage and his 
death. In my life there have already been three 
momentous events, and I presume that when my earth- 
ly career is closed the fourth will have transpired. 

Since the publication of my account of the "Ma- 
rengo (Ala.) Rifles" in the February Veteran, I 
have received many letters from old comrades and 
childhood playmates, but none gave greater surprise 
and pleasure than did the one received to-day from 
Mrs. Susie Marshall-Dansby, of Kaufman, Tex. 

This is the charming Susie Marshall of whose in- 
spiring verse I wrote. I had heard that she laid 
aside the cares and burdens of life many years ago, 
but my heart-beat is quickened with new inspiration 
in the perusal of a letter — penned by her own steady 
hand — inspired by the old-time sentiment of warm 
friendship — expressed in unrivaled diction. 

Among other nice things, Mrs, Dansby says : "Lit- 
tle did I dream that the letter I penned to my brave 
soldier boy would play so important a part in the 
annals of war; nor of its influence in cheering him 
on to deeds of valor and heroism." 

Of course she didn't. It was just so with all the 
noble women of the South. All unconscious of the 
fact, the\ were constantly by their devotion to our 
cause and love for their "soldier boys" doing some- 
thing to give renewed inspiration and courage to 
the oft-drooping spirit of the men at the front. 

You are doing a grand, noble work through the 
Veteran, and I wish you a hearty Godspeed. 



Dr. J. P. Cannon, McKenzie, Tenn., has received 
a letter from L. G. Puckett, Winchester, Ind., in- 
quiring for Capt. Stitwell, who commanded a bat- 
tery in the battle of Nashville. His battery was 
captured near the Franklin pike and Mr. Puckett 
has the Captain's tin dinner basket with his name on 
it. The bucket is made in shape of a half circle 
with straps to be carried like a haversack. He 
asks mention in the Veteran as it might result in 
information to the Captain or to his family. 



Hon. Edmund Cooper, of Tennessee, who was 
Private Secretary to President Andrew Johnson 
in bitter reconstruction days and dilligent at all 
times for the welfare of the Southern people, pays 
clever tribute to Maj. J. S. Butler, familiarly 
known as "Jack" Butler, and mentions in the 
sketch that "he served during the war between the 
States as a Confederate soldier, and bore with un- 
flinching bravery all of its hardships and dangers." 



BICYCLE FOR SUBSCRIBERS TO THE VETERAN. 

Master John W. Cochran writes from Columbia, 
Tenn., April 27th: "The bicycle received promptly. 
It is a beauty, and I am well pleased. I got up the 
list of subscribers in three evenings after school, 
which turned out at three, and collected the money 
the following Saturday. I would consider myself 
well paid had it taken a month to secure the list. 
Please accept my thanks for your generosity." 



Qo federate l/eterai? 



165 



MRS. MARIA LOUISE BLACKMORE. 



Resolutions adopted by Daniel Donelson Bivouac, 
United Confederate Veterans, Gallatin, Tennessee, 
in respect to the memory of Mrs. Maria Louise Ewing 
Blackmore, April 4th, 1896. 

Since our last meeting- a sad bereavement has be- 
fallen an honored and beloved comrade, and a great 
lo>s been sustained by this community, and by the 
Donelson Bivouac. 

Mrs. Maria Louise Blackmore, wife of Hon. .'.is. 
W. Blackmore, died at the family residence, in 
Gallatin, on the 5th day of March", 1896. On the 
7tli, her remains, accompanied by numbers of sor- 
rowing- friends, were taken to Nashville and inter- 
red in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. 

Mrs. Blackmore was a daughter of the late Win. 
B. Ewing and Mrs. Martha C. Ewing-, and was 
born and reared in Davidson County. Her marriage 
to Mr. Blackmore occurred in 1871, and subsequent- 
ly her home was in Gallatin. From the first she 
won the hearts of this people, and retained until the 
very last their respect, confidence and love. She 
was a woman of bright mind, thorough education, 
cheerful disposition and generous nature, and a 
christain in faith and deeds. The family to which 
she belonged warmly espoused the Southern Cause 
in the late war, and made great sacrifices for its 
support. The well-known devotion of her husband 
to that cause was fully shared by his wife, and the re- 
peated proofs of her interest in the ex- Confederate 
soldiers and all that pertained to their welfare and 
pleasure, and the glorification of their heroic achieve- 
ments, entitle her memory to the lasting respect and 
gratitude of every old veteran. We are well aware 
of her prominence in all enterprises inaugurated in 
our behalf, and of her faithful and efficient services 
whenever they were solicited. It is fresh in our re- 
collections that when we called for help to furnish 
our rooms at the Soldiers' Home and provide needi d 
supplies for that institution, she was in the lore- 
front of the noble women who cheerfully responded 
and thoroughly performed their task. Nor are we 
unmindful of the conspicuous part she played in 
making the re-union here in September, 1894, the 
brilliant success it is universally conceded to have 
been. Our sense of appreciation is all the greater 
in view of the magnitude of that undertaking, the 
time, thought and labor it required, and the many 
difficulties which lay in the way of its accomplish- 
ment. Poor return as it may be, we find some satis- 
faction in acknowledging- our obligation to her who 
proved her sympathy with and solicitude for us, and 
whose career was replete with charitable acts. 

While it is sad to reflect that the ravages of death 
are steadily paralyzing the generous hands that 
have helped us, relentlessly stilling the gentle voici S 
that have encouraged us and cruelly hiding forever 
the sweet smiles that were wont to greet us, never- 
theless as we pursue our fast shortening march to 
the end we will find pleasure and a stimulus in re- 
curring to departed friends, and, moreover, we will 
bear them in grateful remembrance even until 
life's campaign shall have been completed, and we 
ourselves pass over the river to join the host beyond. 
Therefore, 



Resolved, That the nembers of Donelson Bivonac 
sincerely regret the death of Mrs. Maiia Louise 
Blackmore, and extend their warmest sympathies to 
Comrade James W. Blackmore in the loss of his 
noble wife. 

Resolved, That we entertain a deep sense of ap- 
preciation of Mrs. Blackmore's sympathy with the 
cherished memory of our comrades and cause, and 
the objects and purpose of our organization; her in- 
i in the welfare of ex Confederates, and her 
generous and efficient services in contributing to 
their comfort and pleasure, and promoting their 
plans. And we will remember her as a valued 
friend and true type of exalted Southern womanhood. 
Resolved, That the preamble and resolutions be 
spread upon the minutes of the Bivouac, and that a 
copy of the same be furnished comrade Blackmore. 

J. A. Trotjsd \i.t-:. 
W. H. Joyner, 
K. B. Wright, 
.1. Nkt. Turner, 
Jko. T. Bkanii \m. 



IN MEMORIAM. 



MRS. MAKV WARE. 

Southland's gri 8 are passing away 

Southland is mourning their absence I o day ; 
3o itbland is weeping great tears of regret ; 

s,,iii Maud is Btrh ing her « rmi^s in Forget. 

Scatter bright flowers bedewtd \\ ith the tear< 

of loved ones, whose hearts have been lonely for years; 

And scatter them, too, on this hallowed day, 

< >\ er the blue, as well as I he gray. 

Brothers in death, and brothers in life. 
Help us forget the unnatural strife; 
Rut memory silently weeps by tin' urn 
of buried hopes that can never return. 

Che glory that gladdened the land of their birth 
is wanting the lustre thej lent to our earth; 
but God, in His wisdom, permitted the blight, 
\iul faith in Bis love will reveal what is right. 

And now. after three long decades have tied. 

We meet here to weap o'er our glorified dead. 

And wreath with bright flowers their mouldering el ay — 

Thr heroes who once wore I he blue ami the gray ! 



ptain McFerrin Treasured His "Old Gray 

Coat." — An interesting and well-written story 
comes from Lewisburg, Tenn., in which the "old 
gray coat" is conspicuous. It tells that James A. 
McFerrin, who belonged to the Thirty-second Ten- 
nessee Infantry, while in the hospital at Columbus, 
Ga., to recover from a wound caused by the ex- 
plosion of a shell, had made and presented to him 
a uniform of graj jeans by Miss Glenn of that place. 
Captain McFerrin returned to his wife and chil- 
dren after the surrender. The Federal soldiers cut 
the three bars from the collar of his coat while pars- 
ing through Huntsville, Ala. 

A baby girl was named lor Miss Glenn afterward. 
Two years ago Mrs. McFerrin died, and recently 
Miss Glenn became Mrs. McFerrin. The groom 
was married in the gray coat that Miss Glenn made 
for him thirty-two years before. The ceremony 
was performed by Rev. .1. K. Harris, chaplain of 
the J. H. Lewis Bivouac. 



166 



Qoi}f-edera te l/eteran 



The Confederate Veterans' Camp 171, U. C. V. 
Association of the District of Columbia, 910 Penn- 
sylvania Avenue, N. W., Washington City, has the 
following officers: R. Byrd Lewis (Va. ), President; 
John M. Hickey, ( Mo.), and Magnus S. Thompson 
(Va. ), Vice-Presidents; W. Q. Lloyd (La.), Secre- 
tary; George H. Ingraham (S. C. ), Financial Sec- 
retary; R. M. Harrover (Va. ), Treasurer; A. G. 
Holland (D. C. ), Sergeant-at-Arms; Rev. R. H. 
McKim (La.) Chaplain; Drs. Samuel E. Lewis 
(D. C. ), and J. L. Suddarth (Va.), Surgeons. The 
Committees are: Executive: Findla}' Harris, Va. ; 
Thos. W. Hungerford, D. C. ; Henry L. Biscoe, Va. ; 
JohnT. Callaghan; E. C. Crump, Va. Relief: John 
H. Walsh, D. C; G. Edmonston, D. C; Thomas 
Jarvis;A. S. Whitt, Va.;H. B. Wooden. Recep- 
tion: Hugh Waddell: Robert W. Hunter, Va. ; Jas. 
D. Darden; Leigh Robinson; Wm. P. Young, D. C. 

This Confederate Veterans' Association was 
formed before the United Confederate Veterans were 
organized, but we have ever affiliated with them. 
There are over two hundred and fifty members and 
the number is constantly increasing. The Camp 
is composed of representative men from all parts 
of the South and District of Columbia. 



Eugene H. Levy, residing on Staten Island, writes 
an amusing story of his two lads, Jeff and Charley: 
"President Jefferson Davis, when a planter at Port 
Gibson, Miss., in the '40s, was a good friend and kind 
neighbor to my father, who lived in Grand Gulf. 
The friendship between these two old men extend- 
ed up to the day of my father's death in 187.v I 
had met our gifted president at Richmond during 
the war, and afterwards, quite naturally, when my 
South Carolina wife bore a particularly noble-look- 
ing boy (she was the mother of fourteen children), 
I named him for Mr. Davis. In 1885 I established 
business in New York City, and with my family 
settled on Staten Island, where our last boy was 
born. He was named for Charles Bayard, of Mary- 
land. It is perhaps needless to remark that our 
children were reared with profound reverence for 
the cause for which their father fought. One day, 
coming home from business, I was met on the door- 
step by Charley, who, amid a torrent of tears, 
blurted out: 'Papa, is it any sin to be born on 
Staten Island?' 'Certainly not, my child,' I re- 
plied; 'why do you ask the question?' 'Because me 
and Jeff had a fight, and he called me a — Yankee,' 
was the reply-" 



The ex-Confederate Association, of Chicago, as 
Camp No. 8, U. C. V., has the following officers: 
Commander. S. J. Sullivan; Lieutenant Command- 
ers, B. F. Jenkins and C. R. Tucker: Adjutant, J. 
S. White; Quartermaster, Theo Noel; Chaplain, 
Rev. J. Desha Picktt; Treasurer, R. H. Stewart. 
Commander Sullivan has appointed as his non-com- 
missioned staff: Sergeant-Major, R. H. Peale; Vi- 
dette, James Hangley; Color Sergeant, Michael 
Hays; Color Guard. W. P. Phillips, G. W. Levin. 



Officers of the George D. Manion Camp No. 145, 
U. C. V., Kauffman, Texas: Martin Haynie, Captain; 
J. H. Reierson and J. L Carter, Lieutenant'.;; H. T. 
Nash, Quartermaster; Dr. W. A. Mulkey. Surgeon; 
Dr. D. J. Martin. Chaplain; Ed. Haupt, Officer of the 
Day; Dan Coffman, Adjutant. The Camp has 
eighty-six members. They have paid into Jeff 
Davis monumental fund $50.00. amount contracted 
at Houston, Texas, and will send a delegation to 
the Richmond reunion. 



Master R. J. Hughes Spurr, 
Pine Grove, Ky. : I have received 
the watch and chain, and am 
much pleased with both. I might 
have known that any thing com- 
ing from the Sunny South and a 
Confederate soldier would be all 
right. I have not been so much 
pleased with any thing since I 
put on my first pants. Hope I 
can help you again with your pa- 
per, and I wish you much success. 



The Detroit and Cleveland 
Steam Navigation Company's 
steamers are now running daily 
(except Sunday) between Detroit 
and Cleveland. When traveling 
E .st or West, North or South, try 
to arrange to take advantage of 
these luxurious steamers between 
Michigan and Ohio. If you are 
contemplating a summer outing, 
write A. A. Schantz, G. P. A., 
Detroit, Mich., for illustrated 
pamphlet which gives full inform- 
ation of a trip to Mackinac, via. 
the Coast Line. 




Drs. Maybe and Mustbe. 



US), 



^$£j^ 



You choose the old doctor before the young one. Why ? 
Because you don't want to entrust your life in inexperienced 
hands. True, the young: doctor may he experienced. But 
the old doctor must be. You take no chances with Dr. Maybe, 
when Dr. Mustbe is in reach. Same with medicines as with 
medicine makers — the long-tried remedy has your confidence. 
You prefer experience to experiment — when you are concerned. 
The new remedy may be good — but let somebody else prove 
it. The old remedy must be good — judged on its record of 
cures. Just one more reason for choosing AVER'S Sarsa- 
parilla in preference to any other. It has been the standard 
household sarsaparilla for half a century. Its record inspires 
confidence — SO years of cures. If others may be good, 
Ayer's Sarsaparilla must be. You take no chances when you 
take AVER'S Sarsaparilla. 



tH> 





Confederate l/eterap. 

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FOR THE UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Furnished by Ihe Confederate Veterak Office, Nashville, Teun. 



167 



As they were prepared by the Committee on Con- 
stitution "and By-Laws appointed at the Third Annual 
Meeting Of the organization, which was held in New 
Orleans, April, 1892, and were adopted at Houston, 
Tex., May 23, 1S'J5, with J. B. Gordon, General Com- 
manding, and Geo. Moorman, Adjutant General and 
Chief of Staff. 

PREAMBLE. 

Believing that a general federal inn of all consti- 
tuted organizations of Confederate Veterans will as- 
sist in the accomplishment of the cherished purposes 
that each body is singly laboring to carry out, and to 
more lirmly establish the ties which already exist be- 
l u ceii i hem: 

We, the representatives of the following Camps, in 
general convention assembled al Houston, Tex., on 
this twenty-third day of May, of the year of our Lord, 
eighteen hundred :> 1 1 <1 ninetj five, do adopt, ordain 
and establish the following Constitution and Bj Laws, 
revoking and abrogating all previous Constitutions 
and rules of action. 

ARTICLE I. -TITLE. 

This Federation of Confederate Veterans' Associa- 
tion shall be known as the "United Confederate Veter- 
ans." 

ARTICLE II. OBJECTS. 

The objects and purposes of this organization shall 
be strictly "Social, Literary, Historical and Benevo- 
lent." it will strive: 

1. To unite in one general Federation all asso 
tlons of Confederate Veterans, soldiers and sailors, 
now in existence, or hereafter to be formed. 

2. To cultivate the ties of friendship that should 
exist among those who have shared common dangers. 
sufferings and privations. 

:{. To encourage the writing, by participators there- 
in, of accounts, narratives, memoirs, histories of bai- 
lies, episodes and nei urrcncos of the war between the 
Stales. 

i To gather authentic data, statistics, documents, 

reports, plans, maps and other material for an impar- 
tial history of the Confederate side: to collect and pre 

serve relies and mementoes Of the war; to make and 
perpetuate a record of the services of every member, 
and as tar as possible of those of our comrades who 
have preceded us inlo elcrtiily. 

5. To see thai the disabled are eared for; thai a 

helping hand is extended to the needy, and thai the 

Confederate willows and orphans are protected and 

assisted. 

6. To urge and aid the erection of enduring monu- 
ments to our greal leaders and heroic soldiers, sailors 
and people; and to mark with suitable headstones 
the graves of Confederate dead wherever found, 

7. To instill into our descendants a proper venera 

lion for the spiril and glory Of their fathers, and to 
bring them Into association with our organization. 
thai they may aid us in accomplishing our objects and 
purposes and finally Bucceed ns and take up our work 
where we may leave it. 

ARTICLE III MEMBERSHIP, REQUISITES AND 
LIMITATIONS. 

Section I. Membership in this Federation shall be 
bj camps. 

Sec. 2. The various associations joining shall be 
registered in numerical order, according to the date 
of their formation or incorporation into the United 
Confederate Veterans as Camp No, . in the state 
or Territory of — . 

Sec. :i. All camps now in the Federation Shall re- 
tain the numbers originally given them. 

Sec. i. They will lie permitted to retain their local 
and siaie organizations, and beyond the requirements 

Of this Constitution and Ily-l.aws. they shall have 



full enjoyment of the rights to govern themselves, and 
their connection with this Federation shall in no wise 
be construed as affecting their loyalty to their State 
organizations outside of this Federation. 

Sec, 5. Every camp will be required to exact of 
each applicant for membership in its ranks satisfac 
tory proof of honorable service in the army or navy 

Of the Confederate States, and honorable discharge or 

i. base therefrom. 

Sec. 6. The present membership In camps already 
in the organization shall not be disturbed, and no 

new applications from such members w ill be required. 

ARTICLE IV.— ORGANIZATION. 

Section 1. The .amps shall be organized by de- 
partments, divisions and brigades. 

Sec. 2. The federation shall have as its executive 

head a General. There shall be three departments, to 

be called: 

Aran of Northern Virginia Department, Arinj ol 
Tennessee Department, Trans-Mississippi Depart- 
ment 

Sei 3. The Army of .Northern Virginia Department 

shall in. lude and be formed of the States of Virginia, 
Maryland, North and South Carolina. Kentucky, and 
all the camps and di\ isions no1 enumerated as belong 
ing to the Army of Tennessee or Trans-Mississippi 
Departments 

Sec. i. The Army of Tennessee Department shall 
include and be iorined of the sians of Georgia, Ala- 
bama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana and Florida. 
g The Trans-Mississippi Department shall in- 
clude and be formed of the States and Territories 
wosl Of the Mississippi, excepting Louisiana. 

Sei 6 Each and every State and Territory having 
within its boundaries ten (10) or more camps, regu 
larly organized, and accepted, shall constitute a di- 
vision, and no Slat : Territory shall have more than 

one dl> ision within its boundaries. 

sec 7. camps iii states or Territories where there 
are less than ten (10) camps, shall report directly to 
the departmenl commander, upon whose recommenda- 
tion to such camps iii contiguous stabs or Territories 
may be formed Into a division by the Oommandei in 

Chief until such States or Territories attain the re- 
quired number of camps to entitle them to become 
separate di\ isions. 

g ec g Divisions upon recommendation o1 depart- 
ment commanders may be subdivided into brigades 
i, v the Commander-in-Chief, provided each brigade 
shall have at least live i.,i camps, and that a majority 
of the .amps of the division shall demand the sub- 
di\ ision. 

m ncIF \ REPRESENTATION, DELEGATES, 
LIMITATIONS \M» PROXIES. 

Section l. The representation of the various camps 
at the annual meetings, general department, division 
and brigade, shall be by delegates as follows: one 

dele-ale for everj twenty active members in g 1 

Standing In the camp, and one additional one for a 

fraction of ten (10) members, provided everj .amp in 
good standing shall be entitled to al least two dele- 
gates; provided, Stale divisions may ti\ its internal 
representation. 

Sec. •.'. Provided also thai camps may be formed 
with fewer than twenty members, bu1 no1 less than 
ten (10) members In remote or sparsely settled locali 
ties, or in places outside of the former Confederate 
Slates territory, and admitted in the Federation bj 

order of the Commander-in-Chief upon proper appli- 
cation and i iniiieiidation of subordinate officers, 

and after compliance with all other requisites of