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Full text of "Confederate veteran [serial]"

V. Y. COOK, 

NOT LOANABLE. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/confederateveter09conf 



INDEX 



Confederate Veteran 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF 
CONFEDERATE VETERANS WD KINDRED TOPIC- 



VOLUME IX. 



S \ ( I'NNlNc .1 1 \M, Editor and proprietor. 



\ VSHVILLE, I I w. 

1 90 1 . 












INDEX— VOLUME IX. 






About Inviting the President to Memphis 6 

About Rank and Rotation in Office 552 

About Ree'nlisting in the Western Army 53 

Accessibility of Gen. R. E. Lee 471 

Address of Jefferson Davis at New Orleans IIS 

Address of William Blaney Wanted 19 

Advertisers in the Veteran 566 

Afloat— Aliold— Afloat, by George S. Waterman 21 

Alabama and Kearsarge Armament 10 

Alabama Boy Inquired for 397 

Albert Pike's Words for Dixie S4 

Alcorn, Ma.i. Milton S 419 

Alcorn, Milton S., inquired for 229 

Alexander, Hannibal 36 

Alexander, Louis. President Davis's Formei n 36 

Alley, Richard B., and his Flag, by David \v. Bolen 53 

Anderson, Col. J. H 357 

Anderson, Gen. 1'alton 310 

Annals of an Invertebrate, Notices .if 8S 

Another Youngesl Soldier, by Charles Carter Hay 352 

Ardis, Fred, by A N'. Edwards 36 

Arkansas Post, Account Wanted of the Battle 571 

Armfleld, Col. and Mrs. John 63 

Army of Tennessee Officers lSl 

Ashby, Gen. Turner, by T. J. Young 412 

Ashby's Men In the Real of the Enemy, by T. J. Young 171 

Attempt to Escape from camp Chase, bj R H. Strother 553 

Ballen tine's Partisan Rangers, by A, H. McAllster 553 

Ball's BlufC Disaster, by Col. K. V. White 501 

Ball's Bluff Disaster 410 

Barringer, Gen. Riifus 69 

Battle Abbey for the South ISO 

Battle at Shelbyville, Tenn 159 

Battle Field Lies 379 

Battle Field of Tupelo, .Miss, by Charles n. Perry ?0 

Battle Flag of the Sixth and Ninth Tennessee 404 

Battle near Cedar Creek, Va.. by E. Ruffln Harris 390 

Battle of Belmont 116 

Battle of Franklin, by D. H. Patters. in 118 

Battle of Manassas, by Thomas J. Russell 30S 

Battle of New Hope Church, by W. R. Campbell 166 

Battle of Perryville, by W. C. Gipson 163 

Battle of Raymond. Miss 257, 303 

Rattle of Raymond. Miss., by Emma Cray Cobbs 406 

Battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam, by R. H. Daniels 217 

Battle of Sharpsburg, a Correction 265 

Battle of the Wilderness, by CoL B. V, While 161 

Battles and Biographies of Missourians 569 

Beck, Charles J., at Gettysburg 503 

Beersheba Springs, Tenn., in War Time, by B, L. Ridley — 63 

Ben Hill's Tribute to Gen. Lee 9 

Bible of Jefferson Davis 280 

Bolton's, J. W., Testament 221 

Bonnie Blue Flag 213, 273 

Booker Washington's Break 496 

Booth, J. Wilkes, and his Mother 153 

Boyle, Virginia Frazer 251 

Bright Skies and Dark Shadows 421 

Broun, Fontaine 101 

Brown, Thomas B 212 

Bryan, James. Burial Place inquired tor 604 

Buchanan, William M., Inquired for 236 

Burial Ritual, C. V. Camp of New York 500 

Bynum, G. W., at Powder Springs 22J 

Caddo Fencibles of Louisiana, Reunion 49S 

Campaigning in Kentucky, by Col. Philip B. Spence 22 

Can't Leave If the Battle Is to Begin. B. M. Zettler 114 

Capture of Holly Springs, Miss., by W. R. Stevenson 131 

Carglle. J. Frank 1S1 

Carr, Michael " 

Carried Children to Place of Safety IS 

Carter, John 53 

18:?c 



Celebraiiun of Lee's Natal Day 58 

Christmas Greeting 53JJ 

Clarke, Mrs. Sarah Helm 226 

Cleburne, Pat R 02 

Cleburne's Men at Franklin, by W. H. Rees 54 

Cogdill, F. r 332 

Collier, W. A., Jr 452 

Color Guards' Addresses Wanted 571 

Comne nimittee of Memphis Reunion 241 

Composition That Caused his Expulsion— Meeks 370 

ited Daughters at Wilmington 532 

e Bazaar at Charlotte, N. C 199 

Confederate Daughters in Ohio 537 

Confederate Dead at Evansvllle, Ind 268 

Confedi rate Di at franklin, by Judge H. H. Cooke.... 

erate Di ad at Klttrell, N. C 13c 

lerate Dead at the North 197 

Confederated Southern Memorial Associations 15, 160 

glnsvllle, Mo 226 

Confederate, A. in Kansas, by George B. Payne 562 

Confederate Me, aerial Associations, Miss S. 11. Walker 368 

mortal Associatioss, Miss Mary Abarr 368 

morlal Society of Missouri 199 

e Monument at Aberdeen, Miss 52 

Confedi tale Monument at Farmville, Va 393 

Confederate Monumen on, Miss 263 

Confederate Monument at Murfreesboro, Tenn 494 

Confederate Monument at Nashville, Tenn "L'3 

Confederate Monument at Paris, Tenn 60 

Confederate Monument at Union, W. Va 388 

lerate .Monument at Wythevllle, Va 317 

leratt Monument to Gen, Ashby, Miss Mary Calhoun.. 171 

edc rate Monument to Georgia Heroes at Resaca 413 

Confederate Orchestra at Lebanon 435 

Confederate Reunion in Kentucky, Nancy Lewis Greene 350 

Confederates Buried at Camp Beauregard 204 

Confederate Sentiment In Tennessee 37 

Confederate Sires and Sons, by Bill Arp 309 

Confederate Soldiers from Southern Illinois 134 

Confederate Surgeons, by C. H. Tobault, M.D 166 

derate Veteran Camp of New York its 

Confederate Veteran File 200 

Congratulatory Order to his Soldiers 166 

Contempt Proceedings Dismissed 440 

Cooke, Col., at Sharpsburg 841 

Cooke, Gen. J. R., at the Battle of Sharpsburg 

Cox, Mrs. Davis 22G 

Croom, Mrs. Ellen R 400 

Crosses of lienor at Florern S C 273 

Crozier. Calvin 266 

Crutchfleld, E. J., Record Wanted 373 

Cnlp, A. J , Inquired for 209 

Cunningham. Paul Davis 231, 279, 295, 342, 420, 563, 567 

n M\ I'll In 1 Grave, bj \. D. Betts 344 

Darden's Battery, bj James A. Turpin 614 

Daring of Forrest's Scouts 260 

Darden's Mississippi Battery, by James A. Turpin 209 

Davis, Jefferson. Monument, Mrs. Randolph 57, 615 

Davis, Jefferson, Monument Fund 200 

Davis, Jefferson, Monument Fund, $37.000 447 

Davis, Jefferson, Monument, Veterans Appealed to 447 

Davis, Jefferson. Pure and Incorruptible 259 

Davis. Mrs., Influence with the President, Capt. B. L. Ridley 557 

Davis, Sam. and Capt. Shaw 271 

Davis, Sam. Clubs 103 

Davis. Sam. Monument Fund Subscriptions 270 

Davis. Sam. Principal Aid, by Harrlette E. Wright 271 

Paws m. Col. W A 149 

Dearlng, Gen. James, by M. C. Butler 215 

Deaths at Clarksville, Tenn., in 1S61-62 65 

Deaths of Prisoners at Fort Delaware, by B. F. Blackman.. 545 

Decoration Daj it Camp Chase, by Col. W. H. Knauss 351 

tory Prayer at Owensboro S3 



03 



Confederate l/eterag. 



Designation of Confederate Officers 197 

Devil's Den, The, by Gen. W. F. Perry 101 

Diary of MaJ. Kinloch Falconer 108, 460 

Dinner by the Army of the Cumberland 181 

Disaster at Zollicoffer Barracks, by John C. Cates 551 

Discussing Regimental Commanders 14 

Dollar of 1798 265 

Donations to Monument Committee 160 

Drink of Water at Pine Mountain 

Drummond, J. A 223 

Early Columns Broken 513 

Easy and Effective Way to Give Pleasure 1 

Ector's and McNair's Brigades, by J- G. McGown 113 

Eighteen Confederates for Retaliation, H. B. Richards 125 

Eighth Tennessee at Murfreesboro - 

Eightli Tennessee at Murfreesboro, by Capt. W. W. Carnes 

and W. P. Tolley 353 

ith Mississippi Confederate Infantry 124 

Entertainment at San Antonio ISt 

Errors Corrected 

Errors in the December, 1900, Veteran 13 

Escape from Camp Douglas, by R. D. Rugely 30 

Events of the Sixties, by Young Mistis 11 

Ex-Confederate Citizens of New York 307 

Experience in Procuring Information, by A. D. Brooks 115 

Experiences in and about Vicksburg, B. F. Williams ION 

Experiences on Johnson's Island, A. W. Sidebottom 112 

Fairmont Seminary at Washington, D. C 283 

Faithful Confederates at Alexandria, Va 305 

Faithful Negroes Who Were Slaves 36 

Faithfulness— A Hospital Incident, Rev. Jesse Wood 73 

Falconer, Maj. Kinloch 45J 

Faxon, John W r 22j 

Federal's Tribute to Confederates 453 

Fifth and Forty-B"irst Alabama Regiments 136 

Fighting about NY v. Hope Church, W. R. Campbell 54S 

Fighting Near Leesburg, F. D. Kildow 269 

Finlay, Gallantry of Col. Luke ^S' 1 

First Arkansas Cavalry. Company G Survivors 34*1 

First Gun at Fort Sumter 156 

First Gun of the War 401 

First Louisiana Cavalry 281 

First Regiment Reenlisted 53 

First Regiment to Reenlist 219 

First Shot Fired on Alabama Soil, J. R. Harris 319 

First Victim from Nashville of the Confederacy 389 

Five Daughters of Capt. John C. Allen 495 

Flag Presentation at Fayetteville, Ark 493 

Flags Captured by New Hampshire Troops 71 

Flag of the Grenada Rifles 400 

Forrest, A Federal Tribute to Gen., Col. S. W. Fordyce 511 

Forrest Monument, The, Mrs. Latham 195 

Forrest Monument Fund 210 

Fourth Louisiana Volunteers, John S. Kendall 210 

Frazer, Col. C, W 251 

French Medals Inquired for 515 

Futile Effort to Capture the Enemy, by Cleve. Rowan.. 497 

Gallant Survivors 597 

Garner, Seymour 62 

Gen. B. R. Johnson's Tennessee Brigade, B. A. Oehmig 559 

Georgians and Tar-Heels at Sharpsburg, Capt. J. C. Key — 405 

Gielow, Mrs. Martha S 140 

Glory Enough for All— Fifth Tenn. Infantry, W. D.Kendall. 552 

Good Capture by Seven Confederates, J. S. Curtis 370 

Good Roads the Need of the South 472 

Graber, Maj. H. W 502 

Grand .Mount of Morgan's Men, James Montgomery 201 

Grant Under Fire at Fort Harrison, Gen, Porter 560 

Grave of Capt. J. H. Green 306 

Guntown, or Brice's Cross Roads Fight, W. D. Brown 556 

Halsey, Mrs. James M Ill 

Hampton Roads Conference, John H. Reagan 163 

Hampton Roads Conference 22S 

Hardships at Johnson's Island, T. B. Jackson 161 

Hardwick House Hospital, Somerville, Tenn., J. C. Grinnell. 410 

Hays, Robert M„ Record Wanted 37S 

Helm, Mrs. Emily Todd 445 



Henry-Rufflns, Mrs. M. E., Book -M 

Heroism in the Battle of Gettysburg, Capt. J. 11. Moore 15- 

Herolsm Like That of John Pelham, S. T. Shank 157 

Heroism of David O. Dodd, Mrs. J. S. Kersh 393 

lie Was a Young Soldier, Dr. John R. McKenzle 159 

Hlett, Lieut. John, Inquired for 23S 

u gfc ...I High Lives," Notice of 297 

I for Women 563 

Hill, Asopli 160 

Hindman, Bii Address to Sons of Confederate Veterans. 182 

Ue : 55S 

i hmond . lo3 

ran 56 

History of Hart's Battery, Louis Sherfesso 500 

History .a the Term Nation us 

pun Dress, The 213 

Hood's Brigade Reunion 124 

Hood's Brigade Renin A. Branard 423 

How 1 Knew Thai the War Was Over, J. B. Gumming 18 

How Lee Made a Subaltern's Heart Glad -21 

Hoyle. R. H, Experience at Point Lookout and Elmi'ra 391 

Incident of Lexington, Ky., Decoration 443 

at of Resaca 148 

Incidents of Gen. Archer's Burial, L. L. Archer 413 

Inge, The Late Colonel 59 

Inge, The Late Col. William 20 

Inquiries by and about Veterans 308 

Inquiries for Tennessee Veterans 267 

Inscriptions on the Columbia, S. C, Monument 7S 

Issues of the War, W. W. Farabaush 411 

Jacksonville, Fla., the Devastated City 251 

Jenkins, Mrs. Rosalie Carter 227 

Johnson, Adam and his Men, Mrs. G. T. Mattingly 220 

Johnson, Ben F., Wants Evidence 400 

Johnson, John N., with Morgan in Kentucky 268 

Kavanaugh, ~W. M 101 

Kearfott, W. H 267 

Kelley, D. C, Taken for Wheeler 254 

Kelley, Terrence, at Shiloh 504 

Kennesaw Mountain Incident, Dr. E. E. Hoss 543- 

Kerr, Miss Annie 352 

Key, William H 231 

Kind Words about the Veteran =6 

Kirk, Brant H 183. 

Kivett, W. R 11 

Lamb, Mrs. Lizzie, Inquired for 517 

Larqua, Frank, Dead 475 

Last Deeds of the Coleman Scouts, Thomas M. Joplin 59 

Latane, A Virginian, W. A. Jett 558 

Laughable Incident 231 

Lee and the Children 570 

Lee, Gen. R. E., John S. Wise 202 

Leonard, G. W 517 

Let Us Pass Over the River 147 

Libel Suit, The 56, 252- 

Lieut. Pollard's Sword 416- 

Long, Judge Hardin 19 

Lott, John, Inquired for 134 

Louisiana Children at Work 538 

Lowe, H. K., Proof of Death Wanted 343 

Mail Order Invasion of the South 282 

Manacles for Mr. Davis, by F. S. Ferguson 112 

Mansfield, La.. Cemetery Association 200 

Martin, Sword of Gen. Samuel 517 

Massacre of Negroes Before Nashville 30 

McLure, Mrs. M. A. E 531 

McKlnley, 'Ph.- Late President 29J 

McKinney, Col. C. C 397 

McQuaid's Medal 53 

Medical Officers of the Army and Navy 102 

Melton, Miss Mattie K 346 

Memorial Exercises at Camp Chase 149 

Memorial Services at Jasper, Ala., Mrs. S. Palmer 350 

Memphis and the Reunion 102 

Memphis Reunion Committee 158 

Military Spirit of the South 394 

Missionary Ridge Reminiscences, W. K. Poston 388 



Confederate l/eterap. 



Mississippians at the Wilderness 165 

.Missouri Confederate Monument, < apt. N. B. n gan ! 

Mistakes Concerning the Battle of Shiloh, Col D. I i 

.Mistress Joy, Notices of 

Mob Spirit Not Peculiar to the South 

Monument to Lizzie Rutherford Ellis 112 

.Monument to Southern Women, J. W. Willingham 

Moore, Jim 214 

Morgan's Men Inquired for 570 

Morgan's Burial Robe Who Gavi [I " 

Morgan's Sec I Kentucky Regiment .243 

Moses, Frank, Not Entitled to II. hum, Mrs E I 

Motive for Killing Mr. Lincoln, Maj. John \ l . . T< nch 125 

My First Impressions oi thi War, Ml P. F. Edmond 203 

Mysterj About Sam Davis, i 

Naming Cam] thi I iving.... 21S 

Nation, The Term, Miss \.6 ■ \ Ill 

Naval Ba Near Ship [| land, Tom Hal 54 

Neglected Graves of Conl ' 111 

New Map of Ten 

New Union Di Day.. 

Niehaus, Charli Henry 

Ninth STeai ol I he \ J 

North Carolina rans 

North Carolina R "is 17.". 

North, Ll< ired for 

Ochiltree, Tom 231 

O'Har.i, R, C 7ri 

Old Flag of the Fourth i ite Infantry 173 

Old Setl lera and Col 

. '!,! I , .. ' 

One Christmas Eve In Dixie, Nancj Lewis Grei 
One of the Fii lorial Servii 

Only C. S. A. Mi 

Origin of our Flag 

i irphan Brigade at I 

Otey. Mrs. Lucy Norvell 

Other Side, The, in War Times, Col. a. K. m 533 

Other Suggestion Ah. mi i; 345 

Our Faithful Slaves of Old. R. H. A 

Our Flag Hi. 01d< I Mrs J M. k. liar 19 

Page . 1 1 ih ii., 53S 

Fan-Amerian Exposition 233 

Patriotism of the Confedei 24S 

Patti i or i .) i< ..i .n 

Personal Episodi In Ml sissippi, J. A. Harra.ll 

Pierce, Sword of D, M 

Pipe Found Ni ar Fn di i i i. lung 219 

Posey's Brigade In Maryland, Cleve Rov in 

Pri .in. hi. m ni' Dick Dowllng's Sword 

President of the Confederacy, John C. Maooabe 401 

Prison Life on Johnson's Island 16 

Private McDearman at Murfreesboro 

Proceedings In the Libel Suit 303 

Rankin, Maj. John 5 im 

Rea, Capt, Richard N 

Rebuiial of Confederates in Maryland 117 

Record of a Vigilant and Faithful Career , 294 

Red River Expedition, Inquiries 504 

Red, White, and Blue, The 330 

Reenlistlng at Pa Hon 500 

Reenlisiing at Dalton, Pearl Witt 13 

Religious Relic Carried Through Two Wars 67 

Remarkable Cannon Shot 

Reminiscences of Ashby and His White Horse 550 

Reminiscences of J. R. Winder 411 

Reminiscences of Maj. Thomas L. Broun 229 

Rescue of Lady and Child 223 

Reunion at Shiloh Park 133 

Reunion of Mexican War Veterans 39! 

Reunion of Moshy's Men 343 

Reunion Suggestions and Comments 293 

Reynold's, Mrs., Appeal for the Children 539 

Roberts. Dr. ,T, C 401 

Rock City Artillery Survivors Inquired for 399 

Roosevelt's Uncle 248 

Roster of Texas Division Wanted 138 

18200 



nanders-in-Chief Wanted 
i. Rates to Memphis Reunii .. 151 

i i , 



mi Spirit, 1861, 

.31 
i 'ranklin, Col. i; H Lii 

I 

Sermon at Tenn< 

- 
! 

7S 



... 110 
Sixth \ 
- 

South ' he 

i 

ols 

Southern V lal Fund 

: 

Stern's 

Pi R. S. Forlsor. ,...226 





i '.i i ii. irj and Mis child. Mi 172 

i 107, 16 

Storj i- ii, 

Strahl, ' !ei D bui 

.i i. w. Sandei 

Stuari i i he Enemy, W. J. Campbi 

Arrears 391 

i ■ i . union \\ r Moon 

Summer Hymnal, A, Notice oi 

Survivors oi Davis Guards 7»i 

Survivors of I ;. n w althal 

Sword ol ' ■ > 1 1. . .i n Dent 248 



Mi. num. ills 55ii 

Tenm Frederic! 66 

burg in 

. Soldiers' Home, Mrs. R C Hardison, nil 

Tennessee Confederate Soldiers' Home 

on 

1 L. Ridley 353 

iii.. H Winchester, A s. Hardy in 

Veteran Reunion at Gatesville 347 

Third North Caroline Ri Iment im' 

Thomas, Gen, George H., His Relation a thi South 172 

Thrice Honored by the Suns 85 

Thrilling Experiences by Dr. Tlchenor 67 

Thruston, Henrj C 397 

Tillman, James C 135 

To Compli i.. M. .iiiiiii. ni ,ii Springfield, Mo . Mrs. L. D. Steele 57 

Toii.v. John D 14 

Trans-Missl! partment, Gen, W. L. Cabell 62 

Tribute to Gen Barksdale, Maj. John J. Hood 503 

Trihiii,. in Valor 173. 

iii Story, a 377 

Twelfth and Thirteenth Mississippi Regiments 497 

i ppi in the War. J. B. K. Smith 124 

rwelfth Mississippi Regiment 257 

Twelfth Mississippi Regiment, T. G. Dabney 222 

Two Wars. Notice of 423. 469, 516, 504 

Uncle Pan's Volunteering 157 

Uncle Dan. the Author of "Dixie" 376 

Underwood Matter. The 252 

Uniforms for Confederate Veterans 133 

Union Veterans at Confederate Graves 259 



1 Ml KD CHILDREN OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

A. Charlotte, N. C 

At Concord, N. C 

E. M. Bruce Chapter 



540 
390 
539- 



8 



6 



Confederate l/eterag. 



In Kentucky 227 

Of Atlanta, Ga 541 

United Confederate Veterans 51 

UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Arkansas Division Reunion 451 

Batesville, Ark., Camp 44S 

Camp at Buford, Ga. 173 

Camp at Wynne, Ark 201 

Camp Dick Dowling 400 

Camp Henry Gray 607 

Camp in the State of Washington, E. H. Lively 393 

Camp James A. Jackson 173 

Camp List 357 

Veteran tamp of New York 9 

Forbes Bivouac 495 

Gatesville, Tex., Camp 3t>7 

General Orders 156 

Holmes County Camp 54S 

Jeff Lee Camp 44S 

Kentucky Division Reunion 4o'j 

Mayfield Camp 411 

Memphis Reunion 241 

Mike Farrell Camp 401 

New Camps and Camp News 17 

New Camps in Arkansas 11 

North Carolina Division 1S1 

Omar R. Weaver Camp 502 

Private Ike Stone Camp 124, 17;: 

R. E. Lee Camp 1S1 

Resolutions Concerning Reunions 150 

Richmond Camp 221 

Scott Statham Camp 391 

Second Tennessee Brigade Oflicers 551 

South Carolina Division 1S4 

South Carolina Division Reunion 249 

Warren McDonald Camp 551 

Wil liam E. Jones Camp i 184 

UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

Alabama Convention 304 

Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter 445 

Alex Poston Chapter 350 

Arkansas Division in Convention 457 

At Buffalo 191) 

At Frederick, Md 273 

At Harrodsburg, Ky 86 

At Lynchburg, Va 542 

At the Wilmington Meeting 483 

Barbour Chapter 304 

Chickasaw Chapter 227 

Christmas Greeting 538 

Corsicana Convention 74 

Crosses of Honor at Charlotte, N. C 305 

Culpepper, Va., Chapter 305 

Forrest Chapter 130 

For Wilmington, by Miss Mary F. Meares 397 

Frankfort Chapter 440 

Growth of the 32li 

John C. Brown Chapter, Maria Pettus 495 

Julia Jackson Chapter 346 

Kansas City Chapter 112, 214 

Kentucky Division 492 

Kirkwood Otey Chapter 542 

Lexington Chapter 326 

Louisiana Division 255 

Missouri Division 453 

Notes from the New York Chapter, Miss M. F. Childs 39S 

Old Dominion Chapter 542 

Of Interest to the 449 

Philadelphia Chapter 57 

Report of State Divisions, Virginia and Texas 407 

Richmond Chapter 10 

Robert Patton Chapter 256 

Sarah Law Chapter 304 

Seal of Arkansas Division 38 

Vicksburg Chapter in 1900-01 304 

Virginia Division 367 

United Sons of Confederate Veterans 11, 54, 100, 198 

UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Address by Biscoe Hindman 182 

Alabama Division 440 



At Camden, Ala 2?f 

At Helena, Ark 100 

Camp Burem 216 

In West Virginia 267 

Louisiana Division 349 

Missouri Division 348 

N. 1!. Forrest Camp 184 

Reunion at Memphis 348 

Staff Officers and Division Commanders 462 

Unknown Ambrotype 518 

Unknown Confederal. Shot, Dr. John P Hlghl 264 

Cnnamed Photographs, etc 547 

Untruthful Bit of History 26$ 

Valentine, J. B 497 

Valley Brass Band, The, J. W. Blaker 464 

Valuable Painting Given to the Government 167 

Valuable Souvenir for the Owner 357 

Veteran Camp of New York 9 

Veterans at Colusa, Cal 165 

Veteran Office at Memphis 150 

Virginia and not the Merrimac 123 

Virginia Veterans at Petersburg 467 

Vivid Recollections of Shiloh, E. B. Carrnth 166 

Wallace, John H 3S 

Wandering Jew, Notice of 39 

AVants his Horn— Lost at Appomattox 341 

War Love Story 214 

War Reminiscence. R. S. Rock 505 

War Time Associations 135 

War Time Scene on the Cumberland 97 

Washington Relics, The 381 

Washington's, Booker, Break 496 

Was This a Coincidence? John Purifay 167 

Wedding Suit in the Sixties, M. L. B 555 

Western Army, The, Col. Bennett H. Young 312 

What Nerve Did in an Emergency, W. B. Megginson 39" 

Whitthorne, Ma1. W. J 260 

Who Started the Woman's Movement? 75 

Who Was the Soldier That Talked With Hood? 345 

Why Booth Killed Lincoln 3, s:! 

Why Mr. Davis Was Manacled in Prison 87 

Winburn. M. H, Inquired for 221 

With Dick Dowling at Sabine Pass 267 

Woodruff, Miss Robbie, Harriette E. Wright 271 

Worked his Way Through, J. William Jones B35 

Work of a Confederate Woman, Mrs. Jane E. Johnson 321 

Worthy Praise of Arkansas Troops, S. C. Harley 261 

Wounded from Fort Donelson 65 

Wyeth, Dr. John A 252 

Years, The, Come and Are Gone 544 

Young Ladies' Names Wanted 37" 

Youngest Soldier, About Another, Charles C. Hay 352 

Zollicoffer Barracks Disaster 554 

POEMS: 

A Confederate Spy. Texas 136 

A Lament for Dixie, Gen. Albert Pike 84 

A Mother's Sorrow 516 

"And Time Shall Yet Decide" 439 

Confederate Cross of Honor, Harry Lynden Flash 474 

Dedication, Henry Timrod 13S 

Dixie. Gen. Albert Pike 84 

Federal Nursery Hymn, New York News, 1S63 40 

Home, Sweet Home— Out of the Shadows of Sadness 421 

In Memoriam, Anna Alexander Cameron 141 

In Memoriam, Sallie Jones 186 

Let Us Pass Over the River, Kate Cameron 147 

Lieut. Gen. Leonidas Polk, Charles Edgeworth Jones 399 

Ma.i. Gen. P. R. Cleburne, Charles Edgeworth Jones 521 

Memorial Ode. Dr. J. B. Stinson 567 

Only C. S. A. Mon't at Gettysburg, Mrs. W. M. Robbins... 19 

Paul Davis Cunningham, J. L. Kirby 302 

Pluck in Dixie, William Ernest Henley 136 

Rabbi Ben-Hissar, Post Wheeler 567 

Ryan, the Poet-Priest, Mrs. Mary Ware 40 



^opfederate l/eterag. 



Sabine Pass, Mrs. Ellen R. Croom 400 

Scatter Sweet Flowers O'er the Dead, Sallie Jones 476 

Sleep on, Brave Heroes of a Deathless Past 2uJ 

Sometime 406 

Southern Maiden's Lament for Her Country 402 

The Bonnie Blue Flag. Harry Macarthy 213 

The Captive on Lake Erie, Col. C. W. Frazer. 41 

The Cross of Honor, Mrs. J. A. Rountree 341 

The Homespun Dress, Carrie Bell Sinclair 2 

The Old Sword on the Wall, Joe Lincoln 4ul 

The Red, White, and Red 46$ 

The Road to Immortality— To the Army Without a Gun, 

John W. Faxon 

The Southern Flags, H, M. Clarkson, A.M., M.D 186 

The Wizard of the Saddle, Virginia Frazer Boyle 261 

'Tis Furled and Will Never Be Unfurled Again, Dr. W. E. 

Brown 317 

To the Unknown Dead, J. E, Ratigan in 

Tribute to Mrs. B. B. Tobin, Miss Adella A Dunovant W3 

Truest, Bravest, and Best, J. H. Brunncr 22, 

Way Down in Louisiana, Anonymous 567 

Wooing in the Sixties, Ida M. Porter 407 

Polk, General, and his Staff 121 

Pollard, The Sword of Lieut. Jo eph 320 

Porter, Gen. James l> . Address al Paris 60 

ILLUSTRATIONS, 

Anderson's, Gen. Patton, Family 33J 

Ashby, Monument Where He Fell 171 

Ashby, Monument, View From 171 

Brotherton House 

Christmas Greeting 52:' 

Confederate C i' .it Springfield, Mo., Group -1'-' 

Confederate Cemetery al Springfield, Mo 

Confederate Chaplain, Name Lost 315 

Confederate Commissary at Memphis 

Confederate Ladies' Orchestra 435 

Confederate Monument at Aberdeen, Miss 4'J 

Confederate Monument at Chatham, Va 123 

Confederate Monument at Farmvllle, Va 

Confederate Monument at Paris, Tenn 60 

Confederate Monument at S|o uiglicld. Mo 289 

Confederate Monument at Springfield, Mo., Side Vnw 292 

Confederate Monument at Union, w. Va 

Confederate Monument at Woodslde, Md 

Confederate Monumenl at WythevIHe, Va 347 

Confederate Monument near Washington 268 

Confederate Monument to Tenn. Inft. at Chickamauga 533 

Confederate Veteran File 200 

Confederate Veteran Office al Memphis 150 

Congressional Library, Washington, Grand Hall 12 

Coryell County Camp, U. C. V 885 

Delegates to Texas Division, 1'. D. C, at Corsicana 1 

E. M. Bruce Children of the Cot 539 

Galveston, Tex., Storm Results 25 

Galveston, Tex.. Twin Houses 27 

Group at Briee's Cross Roads 228 

Heroine Running the Blockade 20 

Knpperl Residence al Galveston 13 

Letter from President Roosevelt 248 

Memphis, Tenn., Confederate Hall 203 

Memphis, Tenn.. Gayoso Hotel, New 203 

Memphis. Tenn.. Main Street 202 

Memphis. Tenn.. Post Office 203 

Memphis, Tenn.. Wharf 202 

Morgan's Men, Group 242 

Nashville. Tenn,. Confederate Soldiers' Home 261,551 

Nashville, Tenn.. Confederate Soldiers' Home, Porch 543 

Nashville. Tenn.. Maxwell House. Interior 555 

Nashville, Tenn.. Ward Seminary 270 

Nashville, Tenn.. War Time Seem at the Wharf 97 

Nashville, Tenn., Zolllcofler Barracks lis. 554 

Niagara Falls 

Pensacola. Fla., Camp Scene 453 

Plaza at the Pan-American Exposition 351 

Bhlloh Battle Field Commission 100 

South Carolina Monument at Chickamauga 227 

Southern Moth,. .lists at Wesley's Grave 439 

Squad No. 1, at Memphis 343 

Transylvania University 327 

U. C. V., Kentucky Division 433 

U, C, V., Mike Kartell Camp 461 



U. D. C. at Hot Springs 45t; 

U. D. C. Emblem 53s 

U. D. C. Emblem and Motto 4-3 

U. D. C, Seal of Arkansas Division 38 

U. D. C, Tennessee Division 250 

United Sons of Confederate Veterans Officers 145 

Wilmington, N. C, V. M. C. A. Stage 4u) 



PORTRAITS. 

Abercrombie, Miss C 

Adams, Miss A. F 

Alcorn, Gov. J. L 

Allen, Miss Adelaide 

Allen, Daughters of J C. . 

Alley, R. B 

Allison. Col. R. D 

Anderson, Col. J. H 

Anderson, Gen. Patton 
Anderson, Rev. W. M. ... 

Ardis. Fed, (COl.) 

Armtteld, Col. J 

d, J. M 

Armtield, Mrs 

Arnold, Miss L, It. 
Ballentine. Miss M. I' 

Barbee, Rev. J. D 

Barringer, Gen 

\v. Miss E. 
.1 5 
Bi ntley, Mrs E. A 

r, E. L 

>'. P. H 

Booton, Mai. D, F 

1 towles, Mrs. C 

n, Miss L 

, Mrs V. 1 ■" 

. Dr. J. N 

Brent, Miss Mary 1' 

twell, Lieut. R. S. .. 

r.linsinade, Miss E 

Broun, F 

a, T. L 

Brownrlgg, Ma] 

Bulloch. Hon. .1 l' 

1 Capt .1. P 

Cannon, Miss C. G. 

Carr, M 

( '.'isll> man. Miss A 

Chenowith. J. Q 

Cherry, Mrs. A. 1. 
Claiborne, Miss M 

Clark. Mrs M M 

Cleburne. Gen. P. R 

Clark. Mrs. S. H 

• !li on ids, \V B 

Cloud. Commander .1. E. 

Collier. W. A 

Connelly, Miss N. H 

Cooke, Mrs. G. M 

Cox, Mrs. D. . 

Craighead. Mrs 11. I. 

Crane. Gen. Green 1: 

Crunk. .1. W, 

Cunningham. L. D. 



. 197 
. 2" 7 
. 450 
. 209 
. 495 
. 53 

ISO 
. 356 

211 
. 297 
. 36 
. 63 

201 
. 64 
. 197 
, 163 
. 2'J7 
69 

3 

11'. 
. 511 
. 271 

. 1:12 
n^ 
261 

. ."."'J 
01 

. 10 

. nil 
is 

. 123 



190 
195 

13 

127 



Edmonds, Mrs. r. F 

Elcan, Miss Rosalie E. .. 

Ellis. Rev. W. E 

Epperson, Mrs. L. B 

Erwin, Rev. J. B 

K 

Farmer. W. II 

Faxon, J. W 

Fitzhugh, G. T 

Forrest, Gen. N. B 

Frazicr, J. B 

French, Gen. S. G 

Gailor, Bishop T. F 

Gibbs. "Miss I, 

W, Mrs M S 
Goodloe, A. T 

on, Col. T. M 

Gordon, Gen. J. B. ._. 

Graber, H. w 

. Rev. J. J 

. H. W 

Graham, Miss K 

Gunter, Mrs T. M 

rlafner, Miss M 

I [all . Miss A. B 

Hardin, W 

Hardlson, Miss M. ...... 

Harris. J. R. wife and child 
Henry-Ruffln, Mrs. M. E. .. 

Hill, Asoph 

Hill, Rev. W. E 

llindtnan. Hlscoe 182, 

Hogan, Miss Winnie 

HoSS. ReV i: E 

1. Miss Catherine 2i>7. 

1 lone , ' ;. 11 W v C 

Humphreys, Miss Evelyn .. 

Hutton, A. D 

notion. Miss Myronette 

Hyer, Miss Alberta 

I 1 "ol. and Mrs 

Jenkins, Mrs. Rosalie C... 
Johnson. Mrs. Jane C. 



''■-' Johnson, Mrs. Jane Claudia 



226 

.,21 
172 
1.1.' 
: i 
12' 
226 
22:'. 
12V 
212 



Cunningham. 
Daffan, Miss 



Davis. 

Davis, 
Davis, 

Davis, 
Davis. 



Monument 

Johnson, W, G 

Marshall B. .. 

K,n 11, 1 Capt. John .. 
Kavanaugh. W. M. 

Kearfott, W H 

Kelt, John Mcintosh 
Kelley, Miss Telette . 
Kendall, Lieut. J. S.. 
Keiidriek. David S. ... 
Kerr, Miss Annie .... 

Paul. 202. 299, 294 Kivett, W. R 

K 74 Knickmeyer, Capt. R 

G i" ; Knoll, Miss Laura B.. 

..US. 160. 401, ISO K nox. Miss Mittie 

Mr and Mrs F 271 1 ickey, Miss Alma ... 

Mrs v Jefferson IBS Landrlth, Rev. Ira ... 
Sam (bust) 1<«. 270 Latham, Mrs. M. H... 



Hon 
J. .. 



Dav/son, Cni, 
Dearing, Gen 



W. A 140 L-uham. Mrs. T. J.. 

J 215 r.awrenee. Mrs. W. 



1 1, Ross t, W 585 



Deupi Cap! w. D, 

Devall. I.ient l> 

II. Wilt Rev M. B. . 

Dlcklns 11 M11 A. . 

Dickson, Miss T, 

Draoer, Miss B 

Dttgas, Mai 11 

Dunovant, Miss A. A. 



371 

210 

.131. 355 

..... 371 

, 201 

195 

125 

111 



Lee. R. E 

Lownsboro, Lucile . 
Lucas. Miss K. D. . 
Maceabe. John C. . 
Ma.ior. Gen. J. P. ... 
Mallory. Miss L. T. 

Maney, Gen. G 

Marsh. Lieut. John 
Matties, Mrs. M. S. 



r.s 



205 
206 

2:<7 
37 

452 
34J 
225 
1S3 
18S 
443 

211 

559 
343 
417 
193 
502 
315 
535 
269 
512 
249 
246 
77 
207 
2.21 
204 
160 
175 
198 
313 
297 
218 
348 
230 
372 
197 
199 
22 
227 
321 

325 
174 
. 34 
465 
101 
267 

35 
497 
210 
508 
352 

11 
170 

57 
217 

85 
298 
106 
485 
204 
202 
543 
201 
403 
513 
221 

81 
14S 
214 



Qo^j-ederate l/eterai). 



Martin, J. M 343 

Martin, Miss O. M 193 

Matthews, Miss A. E 2)9 

Matthews, Miss Alice 278 

Matthews. Miss M. F 218 

Mason, Miss F. M 273 

Maul], Hiss A. I) 199 

McLure. Mrs. M. A. E 531 

McGowan, J. J 128 

McKinley, Mrs. A. B 423 

McKinney, Col. C. « '. ... 396 

McKinley. Mrs. W 20S 

McKinley, President. K. T 396 

McMaster, Col 79 

McMaster, Miss A 7S 

Megginson. W. B 39S 

Mitchell, Capt. W. II 275 

Melton, Miss M. K 346 

Morgan, H. H 320 

Morton, A. S 375 

Morton. Capt. .T. W 37 

Moxham. E. H 513 

Murphey. H. C 343 

Murphy, Miss Olive 350 

Nichol. Dr. AY. L 278 

Niehaus. C. H S7 

Norton. Hon. N. L g 

Norwood. Miss A 199 

Ochiltree. T 231 

O'Hara. R. C 76 

Otey. Mrs. Lucy. N 346 

Overton. Mrs. H 224 

Owen, F. A , 259 

Pegram, Gen. John 504 

Payne, G 502, 563 

Perry. Gen. W. F 162 

Phillips. Miss I. G 197 

Polk, Miss D 301 

Porter, J. D 61 

Poyntz. Gen. J. M 496 

Pruyne, Capt 210 

Rankin. Ma.i. J. Y 184 1 

Rea, Capt. R. M 212 

Reagan. J. H 168 

Rice, Miss A. S 541 

Riley, Miss M. W 255 

Roberts. Dr. J. S ISO 

Rock. R. S., and g'dchild.. 507 
Rosenberg, Mrs. M. R. M. . 484 

LAST 

Ackor, T. B ISO 

Adams, Ma:. T. P 420 

Allen, W. B 35 

Allison, Col. R. D ISO 

Anderson, Gen. G. T 418 

Anderson, J. C S3 

Armstrong. Col. J 374 

Arnold, J. G 120 

Austin, Ark., Deaths in 1900 SI 

Banks, W 375 

BarneM. J. T 276 

Beck, J. J M 

Booton, Maj. D. F 419 

Berry, H. T 127 

Becker, F. L 510 

Bozeman, Dr. J. J 179 

Bragg, Dr. J. N 509 

Brownrigg, Maj. R. T 32 

Bruyn. Maj. L. C 130 

But'ord, Mrs. Pattie 33 

Bulloch, J. D 12S 

Bullock, Hon. J. D 34 

Carlisle, J. G 179 

Cherry, Mrs. A. 1 33 

Childress, T. G SO 

Childs, J. E 371 

Clark, J. 1 374 

Clark, Mrs. M. M 127 

Cockrill, S. R 35 

Coleman, A. G 165 

Coney, V. C 512 



Rosser, Gen. T. H 504 

Rounsavllle, Mrs. J. A. ... 481 

Rugely. R. D 30 

Russell, Col. E. L 135 

Rust, Rev. J. 297 

Scott, Miss F 274 

Semmes, Admiral ::■< 

Si Dimes, Raphael 35 

Serner, Miss C 217 

Sexton, Mrs. M. B 540 

Sinclair, Miss C. B 399 

Smlthson, Capt. G. W 130 

Stephens, A. H 170 

Stockton, Miss M. B 310 

Stone. Judge J. B 265 

Strahl, Gen. O. F US 

Sullivan, Miss Belle 112 

Tarver, Capt. and children. 547 

Taylor, Miss F 204 

Teague, Miss E 197 

Thompson. Mrs. M. II 27'. 

Thruston, H. C 397 

Tichenor, Dr. G. H 07 

Tillman, Col. J. D 135. 

Tobin, Mrs. B. B 468 

Tobin, Mrs. B. M 177 

Tolley, J. D 14 

Traylor, Capt Si 

Turney, Miss J 201 

Turpin, J. A 514 

Unknown Soldier 518 

Vance, Z. B B59 

Varnefloe, L. C 231 

Waddell, Col. A. M 4S6 

Wagner, Col. T. M 7S 

Wallace, J. H 3S 

Wassel, Mrs. S. S 557 

Weed, Mrs. E. G 4S7 

Whitthorne, Maj. W. J. ... 260 

Wiblin, Dr. John 35 

Winder, J. R 411 

Winner, Miss F 23U 

Wittich, Miss E 197 

W 1, Col. R. C 132 

Woodruff, Miss R 272 

Worsham, W. L 375 

Wyeth, Dr. J. A 159 

Yerger, Sallie M 268 

Young. Col. B. H 31S 

ROLL. 

Conner, Fulton ISO 

Corinth, Miss., Deaths in 

1900 SO 

Cowan, Capt. John 179 

Cox, G. W 80 

Crane, Gen. G. B 128 

Croom, Mrs. E. B -466 

Davis, Frank 276 

Davis, Lieut: R. M 420 

Dennison, S. M 509 

Deupree, Capt. W. 1! 371 

Dickinson, Maj. A. C 373 

Downey. W. C 374 

Duvall. J. E 120 

DeWitt, Rev. M. B 131 

Early, Dr. C. R SO 

Eckles, R. M 274 

Emmersom, Capt. s. P 32 

Erwin, Capt. J. It 170 

Ewell, P. K 371 

Fizer, S. W 374 

Folsom, Col. Sim 276 

Frierson, J. W. S 372 

Fry, Capt. W 130 

Gay. Capt. A. T 132 

Gay, Maj. W 170 

Gee, W. R 511 

Gilliam, A. P 372 

Gordon. Col. T. M 117 

Greensboro, Ala.. Deaths in 

3900 35 



Grlffis, Capt. T. D 174 

Grillis, R. Y 175 

Grizzar.1. 11. E 418 

Gunter, Mrs. T. M 512 

Hancc, Capt. E. S 510 

Harding. Dr. T. J 

Hardman, Capt. C. T 372 

Henderson. W : 

Herr, Capt. ]•:. G. W 175 

Hill, Rev. W. E 175 

Hobson, Col. E. I. 50S 

Huge, Frank 372 

Holmes, Capt. J. M 466 

Holstine, R. G 122 

Hopkins, Col. AY. M 127 

Humphreys, W. D 81 

Hutton, Lieut. A. D 373 

Hyatt, R. F 80 

Jefferson, W. M 5US 

Johnson, C. A 466 

Johnson, W. G 174 

Johnson. Rev. W, S 466 

Jones, M, B 31 

Jones, R. W 176 

Karner. ('apt. J 465 

Kell, Gen. J. M 35, 83 

Kellar. J. H 120 

Kendrick. D. S 503 

Kuickmeyer, Capt. R 179 

Lee, J. S 271 

Lewis, E. F 271 

Lewis, Gen. W. G 32 

Lewis, Lieut. T 33 

Lipscomb. Col. T. G lis 

Maney, Gen. G SI 

Martin, I. G 509 

Martin, Lieut. W 176 

Martin. Rev. J. E 419 

McClerkin. L. C 82 

McCutcheon. A. C 276 

McFadden, J 170 

McGowan. J. J 126 

Mcintosh. Dr. K. A 375 

McMaster. Col. F. W 79 

Meredith, E. E SI 

Mernaugh. Capt. J 27S 

Mitchell, ('apt. W. H 275 

Morton. A. S "75 

Mosteller. G. M 37M 

Mulherron, J. H 512 

Neeley. Gen. R. P 50:1 



j Newberry. J. M 274 

Nichol, Dr. \V. L 278 

Nichols, .1. I: 271 

Nutt, Capt. AY (' 83 

[Page, Capt. W. AV 79 

Peak, R. T 127 

Pej ton, Capt, W. M 466 

Paschall, Dr. .1. M 80 

Pleasants. T 418 

Porterfield, Prank 372 

Preston. Mai. 1 '. P S3 

Ramsey. Dr. .1. G 371 

Reese, J. 1 275 

Registi 1 . ('apt. .1. \Y 512 

Reynolds, W. 11 417 

Rice. Capt. J. F 372 

Richards.; D. R 419 

Robi its. Dr. J. S 180 

Rollins. II. C 174 

Scott. Miss F. M 271 

Shippey, Capt. w. F 278 

Shirer, Dr. J. M 175 

Sinclair. J. T 176 

Smlthson, ('apt G. AY 130 

Sorrel. Gen. G. M 419 

Spence, Eldridge 81 

Strange, ('apt w 465 

Tanner. J. J 35 

Taylor, John 271 

Taylor. J. B 373 

Tempi.-. E. M 466 

Thompson. Dr. E. C 373 

Thompson, J. D 174 

Thompson, Mrs. M. H 277 

Thompson. J. L 174 

Tobin, Mrs. B. M 177 

Traylor. Capt. T. B 81 

Trups. S. P 372 

Walker, Gen. J. A 510 

Walker. Gen. AY. H. T 82 

Walker. Dr. AV. W 277 

Wallace, 1'. II 41S 

Ware, H. A 127 

Walkins. Samuel R 419 

Weaver. M. M 274 

Wiley, Capt. H. A 373 

Williams, Capt. E. C 508 

AA'illingham. J. A 82 

W 1. Col. R. C 112 

Worsham, W. L 375 

Wright, Capt. J. K 465 




Vol 9 



NASHVILLE, TENN., JANUARY, 1901. 



No. I. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



AN EASY AND EFFECTIVE WAY TO GIVE PLEASURE TO THE VETERANS AND THEIR FAMILIES. 

Freaks of fortune and misfortune have come in scure? Think about these things, and do them or 
strong degree through one decade or another to' the their children the kindness to send addresses, that 
men who survived the tragic and perilous events of the copk.^/^he Veteran max h, sent them. h 
sixties. Many of them have made millions, while oth- say to sue.^oy it w ill be sent to them complimei 
ers, who were heroic in battle and had prospered be- If you will do t^j^ecipients in thousands of hooies 
fore that war period, have never recovered from their will be entertained; h\*Wrenerations will imbibe the 
losses, and have lived in obscurity, oftentimes unable -pint of the contributors, and will be quickened into 
to provide the comforts, much less luxuries, of life, vet enduring, patriotism. There are no truer patriots than 
maintaining their honor unsullied. Many of these even those who suffered For <th< Confederacy. Send such 
valiant veterans rarely attend reunions Many do not names, tell the parties, an,; many thousand copies 
enjoy the literature printed in their interest— they do will be sent to those who can 'I pay, if this liberal prop- 
not know of it. Are there any such in your vicinity? osition is acted upon. I),, let us be up and doing while 
Are there others who were poor always, but true, no- it is day; the time will soon come when Confederates 
ble private soldiers whose lives have ever been ob- cannot work. Let us show our faith by our works. 




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Arch by site on which the hero was executed. 



Hollywood Monument, Richmond. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CON FEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nasln Me, Term., :is second -clnBS matter. 
Contributors are requested to use one side of the paper, and to abbreviate 
as much as practicable! these suggestions :ire Important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be Uept, as the Veteran cannot 

undertake to return them. 

Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the m For 

Instance, if the Veteran be ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



. .1 w ir " was too long ago to be called II ti var, and when 

oonespondenls use that term Ihe word " great " (war) will be substituted. 



The "rn il 



OFFICIAL!, r REPRESENTS: 
United Cor Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

sons of v*et1 i! ins, and other organizations. 
The VETERAN is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and I 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication In existence. 

i ugh 'nen deserve, they maynot win success, 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the lees. 



Price, $1.00 pkrYbar. 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. 



( Vol. IX. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., JANUARY, 1901. 



No. 1. 



\. ( I WIM.ll \M. 
PKOI'KIKTOR. 



! Is'ewhere there is published some protests against 
the invitation of President McKinle) bo the Confed- 
erate reunion at Memphis, I M course In- will not at- 
tend, even if he had tin- impulse i" do so, since there 
is any objection. ' >ur Memphis friends did nol know 
evidently thai often the subject of inviting Grand \rmv 
men has been discussed with unpleasant results. 

While giving space to these protests, and concurring 
m objections, the Vi feran credits Maj. McKinley 
wiih utmost sincerity in the finesl expression ever ut- 
tered b) a President of the United States when he 
said: "The time lias come when we should share with 
you in caring for the graves of the Confederate dead." 

WHY BOOTH KILLED PRESIDENT LINCOLN. 

The \ i m-kw of February, 1899, contained an in- 
teresting history of the lite of Capt. John Yeates Beall 
(pronounced Bell) and his execution. Perusal of that 
article will increase inter 
1 the paper here print- 
ed. It is said that J. \\ ilkes 
Bi '"tli pleaded with Presi- 
dent Lincoln until late at 
night, when the President 
I'll 'lllised to save Be ill's 
life, t" commute the 
death sentence; and that 
Secretar) S tan to n, on 
learning Mr. Lincoln's 
promise, said if that was 
he Would leave the 
cabinet : also that Mr. 
Seward persistently op 

1 1 ■ ■ ■ i it. and that when 

r> ,, , ■, , CAPT J. Y. I" M 1 

I leal] tt as executed I .1 n 'ill 




went about taking - plan being that two 

selected assista uld kill Stanton and Seward at 

the time he shot the Pr< sidi 

Comrade F. B. Massey, of H< mining, Tex., made the 
ductory rep irl wherebj Dr. J. S. Riley, of Bloom- 
field, Tex., wrote the following account of the partic 
as he rei in : 

In answer to your inquiries as to what 1 know of 
ircumstances leading to the 1 >n of John 

V. Beall and his companion on Governor's Island, 
N. 'j 1 of Pn sident Vbe I in 

1 will say I was a prisonei ol \\.n at Alton, 111., in the 
so l, and escaped in June of thai year to Canada. 
I tin 1 ted with 1 leall. I under- 

rj that he and Booth were college mates at the 
I niversit) ol Virginia, and that the) were .sworn 
friends. Beall had undertaken to 1 e 1 onfed- 

erate pris med Confederate officers). 

of which there were seven hundred on the island in 
ir Sandusky, We joined a company of 
eighteen nun (secretly) in Canada; went to Sandusky 
and arranged e capture of the war sti 

Michi var ship the United States was 

allowed < n the Lakes as per treaty with Great Britain). 
Preliminaries now being fully arranged, we dressed as 
first-cla'-s gentlemen, armed ourselves with six-shoot- 
ers and Bowies, concealed in an old trunk. 1 In a beau- 
tiful Suhd ling we boarded the steamer l'hilo- 
Parsons at Sarney, Canada, and sailed for Sandusky 

as p.;- \ ft cr dinner we went into our 1 

and put .mi "iir arms. Beall, commanding, assigned his 
lieutenants to their duties. 1 had been assigned to 
surgeon's duty, hut was ordered t" capture the engi- 
neer. Beall himself went ; aptain of the ship, 
\\ e captured the ship, made pn I the crew, and 
went toward our destination 1 Johnson's Island); but 



Confederate l/eterai). 



we had a Judas aboard, and where we stopped aftei 
dark to take on fuel, he escaped in the darkness, gave 
information which defeated our enterprise, and we 
were compelled to return to Canada after having been 
compelled to take and sink another steamer, the Island 
Queen. 

\\ e talked the matter over on our retreat to Canada. 
We landed at the place of our embarkation, and scut- 
tled our ship. .Myself and fourteen of our crew went 
to Halifax, and Beall and his chief lieutenant returned 
to New York, where they were subsequently arrested, 
and tried for treason, convicted and hanged. Pending 
their imprisonment, J. Wilkes Booth, as the special 
friend of Beall, went before President Lincoln and im- 
plored and besought him to spare his friend, and that 
he be spared his life. Lincoln promised him that he 
would spare Beall's life if convicted. This satisfied 
Booth, and he conveyed the fact to Beall in his prison. 
Hence Beall was not alarmed for his life. He believed 
it was safe, and Booth remained easy ; otherwise he, 
would have used all his great powers to have released 
his friend from his prison and death. When Stanton 
and Seward found that Lincoln had promised to par- 
don Beall in the event of his conviction, they besought 
him to let the law do its worst, and with his promise 
to Booth, Lincoln yielded to Stanton and Seward, and 
did not inform Booth of his change of heart, and 
Booth rested easy until after the execution at Gov- 
ernor's Island. Then, overwhelmed with grief and dis- 
appointment, he swore in his wrath that he would 
take the life of Lincoln if it cost him his own, and 
engaged two others, one to assassinate Stanton, and 
the other to assassinate Seward. They all three 
boarded at Mrs. Suratt's house, although she was in 
ignorance of the plot. She was hanged for being ac- 
cessory to it before the fact. The night of the assas- 
sination it was planned that at the same hour and min- 
ute Lincoln, Stanton, and Seward should suffer death. 
Booth succeeded. Stanton's assassin made no attempt, 
and Seward escaped with a light wound on the neck. 
These are the facts as told to me, not as a party to 
plot, but owing to my connection with the raid on 
Lake Erie. 

The following manifold sheet, addressed to Col. A. 
K MeClure, of the Philadelphia Times, was sent to the 
Ykterak, place and name omitted, June 21, 1893 : 

The recent accident to Ford's Old Theater at Wash- 
ington has caused the public journals. to recall the cir- 
cumstances of that lamentable event, the assassina- 
tion of President Lincoln, and has reminded me of cir- 
cumstances and impressions that came to my knowl- 
edge at the time, and previous and subsequcnt-thereto 
that may not be generally known, and if correct will 
throw a new light on that awful tragedy. 

I was a Confederate soldier and prisoner of war at 
Camp Morton, Ind., and escaped therefrom in Octo- 
ber, 1864. T made mv way to New York, and from 
thence to Canada. I of course met all of the escaped 
prisoners who were there and the agents of the Con- 
federate government. Among others I met Capt. J. 
Y. Beall. who was afterwards hanged as a spy. I was 
intimately acquainted with him. He was a wealthy, 
cultivated, and high-toned Virginian, and was an inti- 
mate friend of T. Wilkes Booth. T ascertained this 
fact from Beall himself and others. They were before 



the war much t> gether, and from what I learned were 
as "Damon and Pythias." 

I left Canada after Beall's capture, and went to Hali- 
fax, thence to Havana and Matomoras, and returned 
to the Southern States from the latter point. 

I met, after the war, comrades who remained in 
Canada. I cannot recall their names now, but gath- 
ered front them these facts, if they be such — to wit : 
That Booth visited President Lincoln -in behalf of 
Beall to secure a respite or commutation of death sen- 
tence; that President Lincoln (always merciful when 
possible) expressed himself in such terms as induced 
Booth to believe that there was at least hope of par- 
don for Beall ; that Booth visited Beall and assured 
him that he could hope or expect a commutation of 
punishment ; that the sentence was executed, and 
Booth planned the assassination of President Lincoln. 
Secretaries Stanton and Seward in revenge for the ex- 
ecution of his friend and more than brother, Capt. 
Beall. Somehow I have had the impression made on 
my mind that the death of Joseph Holt was planijed at 
the time, but that he was out of the city, and thus 
escaped. 

The fact that Booth stated in the barn where he was 
shot that he was influenced in his act by public and 
private reasons would seem to corroborate these crit- 
icisms. T have always been convinced that there was 
a great deal in this theory, because Booth and Presi- 
dent Lincoln were friendly rather than otherwise, and 
every Southern man who had sense was bound to 
know that the death of Mr. Lincoln at that time was 
the worst blow that could be inflicted on the defeated 
Southern people. 

I write you this because yon are likely to interest 
yourself in the matter, and can find out whether Booth 
and Beall were friends : whether Booth did visit Beall 
in New York, though possibly that would be hard to 
do ; whether Booth did intercede with Mr. Lincoln for 
Beall's life. 

I was in Mexico at the time of Mr. Lincoln's death, 
and as my information in regard to many points is 
somewhat removed from the fountain head, I send 
you this and with the request that you let me know 
whether the interests of truth and history would be 
subserved by pursuing the matter further and redu- 
cing it to a form that would be interesting and valuable. 

I have no doubt in my mind, from what I heard in 
Canada from Beall before he was captured, and other 
sources, that Booth really killed President Lincoln on 
accot'iit of Capt. Beall's execution and the President's 
failure to commute his punishment or pardon him. 

If you thinlc the matter worthy of consideration, you 
can address me at Yazoo City, Miss. The interest 
that von have displayed in endeavoring to get at the 
truth of history in all matters concerning the cival war 
has caused me to write you. 

T was on the expedition with Capt. Beall when he 
was captured, but did not at that time cross Lake 
Erie. He left all but three men on the Canada side, 
and with these was captured in New York. 

Of course it is unnecessary and not desirable to 
make these matters public, unless we can do some 
good in the interests of truth, as I want no newspaper 
notoriety or anything of that sort. I merely want to 
know what you think about it, therefore write without 
reserve. 



Qopfederate l/eterar>. 



SECESSION SPIRIT (1861) IN ILLINOIS. 
Judge J. M Dickinson, a Tennesseean, but now re- 
siding in Chicago, refers to some interesting history 
set forth in Erwin's "History of Williamson County. 
111." Some extracts are as follows, beginning on page 

257: 

But among the old liners a strong sympathy for 
the South was felt. By the 1st of April. 1S01, the 
parties were nearly equally divided, and excitement 
was running very high. ( Hir leading men were in 
trouble, and some were noisy and clamorous for 
Southern rights. In a few days after the inaugura- 
tion, Peter Keifer made a speech in the courthouse, 
in which he said, "Our country must be saved;" but 
it was understood that "our country" meant the South, 
by the motion of his hand. Sympathy for "our South- 
ern brethren" became stronger and stronger every 
day. Propositions for organizing the people into com- 
panies and regiments were made. Secession was open- 
ly talked of until the <)th day of April, 1861, when it 
began to take shape. It was just after the fall of Fort 
Sumter that a party of ten or fifteen men got together 
in a saloon in Marion, and agreed to call a public 
meeting to pass ordinances of secession. They ap- 
pointed a Committee on Resolutions, who were to re- 
port at the public meeting. The call was made for a 
meeting to be held in the courthouse on Monday, 
\pril 15, [86l, to provide for the 'public safety." A 
large crowd came in, and the meeting was called to 
order, and James D. Manier elected President. He 
then appointed G. W. Goddard, James M. Washburn. 
Henry C Hopper, John M. Cunningham, and Wil- 
liam R. Scnrlock a committee to draft resolutions of 
secession. The saloon committee had the resolutions 
already prepared, and they were reported and passed 
with but one dissenting voice, and that was A. T. Ben- 
si in, and w ere as follows : 

"Resolved: r. That we, the citizens of Williamson 
County, firmly believing, from the distracted condi- 
tion of out countj the same being brought aboul by 
the elevation to power of a strictly sectional party — 
tin coercive policy of which toward the seceded Slates 
will drive all the bonier slave States from the Federal 
Union, and cause them to join the Southern I onf< 
eracy. 

"2. That, in such event, the interest of the citizens 
of Southern Illinois imperatively demands at their 
hands a division of tlw State. We hereby pledge our- 
selves to use all means in our pow< Feet the 
same and attach ourselves to the Southern Confed- 
eracy. 

"3, That, in our opinion, it is the duty of the present 
administration to withdraw all the troops of the Fed 
era! government that may be stationed in Southern 
Forts, and acknowledge the independence of the South- 
ern Confederacy, believing that such a course would 
be calculated to restore peace and harmony to our dis- 
tracted country. 

"4. That in view of the fact that it is probable that 
the present Governor of the State of Illinois will call 
upon the citizens of the same 1m take up arms for the 
purpose of subjecting the people of the South, we 
hereby enter our protest against such a course, and, 
as loyal citizens, will refuse, frown down, and forever 
oppose the same." 



These resolutions were written by Henry C. 
! XT - ■ • • The news of this meeting spread rap- 
idly, and by the next morning it had reached Carbon- 
dale, and had been telegraphed to Gen. Prentis 
Cairo. The people of Carbondale, seeing the trouble 
our people were bringing themselves, sent 1. M. Camp- 
bell up to Marion on the 10th of April" to tell the 
people to revoke the resolutions. He said the} must 
be repealed, or war would be brought on our own soil 
and at our own doors. The people were excited badly. 
A meeting was called to repeal the resolutions, and to 
meet instanter, but not by the same men who were in 
the meeting of the 15th. W. J. Allen was called in to 
address the meeting, which he did at some length. 
He said that he was for repealing the resolutions, and 
that others could do as they pleased, but as for him 
and his house, they would stand still and see the sal- 
vation of the Lord. 

The resolutions were repealed, and A. T. Benson 
appointed as a committee of one to convev a copy of 
the proceedings to Gen. Prentiss. When' he arrived 
it Cairo he found Gen. Prentiss reading the resolu- 
tions. He gave him a copy of the proceedings of the 
meeting of the r6th, and Prentiss said: "I am glad to 
see them. The resolutions of secession would have 
caused your folks trouble; but now T hone all will be 
right." ' 

Those men who held the meeting of the 15th con- 
tended that the meeting of the [6th had no' right to 
repeal the resolutions, and that they were not repealed, 
and that the people must organize. So a meeting 
was called for the 27th of April, pursuant to the 
one of the 15th. The meeting was called to order, 
and a motion made to "seize the money in the bands 
of the sheriff to defray the expenses •>{ arming and 
equipping soldiers for the Southern Army." The fever 
for organizing into military companies had cooled off 
so that this motion was lost, and the meeting broke up 
in a row. 

Gen, Prentiss had dropped off a company of men 
at Peg Muddy bridge as he was gomg to Cairo. This 
was intolerable to our people. The whole country was 
in a flame. Thorndike Brooks and Harvey Hays 
raised the whoop in Marion ; runners were sent all 
over 'be .- iuntn to tell th<- people to come into town 
next morning with their guns. Next morning a great 
many people came into town with guns, anxious 10 
know what was wanted with them, when they were 
told (hit "the men at the bridge must be whipped 
away." Most of them turned and went home 
objected, and said they had no guns, and that the 
soldiers h gtms: but some few went on to 

mdale, and others tried to get them not to 
At Carbondale they found a nois) crowd assembled 
for the same purpose. Soon after they met they sent 
Isaiah Harris up to the bridge, which was four miles 
north 1 lie, to spy around. When he got in 

sich f of tin' soldiers he saw a cannon, and returned 
and told them that they could not whip the soldiers. 
News of these proceedings having reached Cen. Pren- 
tiss, at Cairo, an hour before, he sent up another com- 
pany, with more cannon. The train stopped at Car- 
b mdale, when the crowd was at its highest and most 
clamorous condition. After staying there awhile, she 
pulled on up to the bridge. At this crisis Gov. Dough- 
ertv. W. TIecker. of Cairo, and Gen. T. N. Hannie 



Qogfederate l/eterai). 



di speeches to the people, and told them to stand 
by the Union. 

Gov. Dougherty said that "the speeches and guns 
persuaded the people not to attack the bridge." The 
people of Marion were standing listening for a bloody 
battle, but they were disappointed. A few straggling 
crowds 'Mine back from ( larbondale, cursing and froth- 
ing like wild men. William Crain swore that he could 
have taken his boys and cleaned out the soldiers, and 
Brooks and Wheeler called the people cowards and 
sla\ es. 

On the 24th day of 3 lay. [861, Col. Brooks and 
Harvey Hayes, despairing of raising an army here, 
or organizing the county, formed the design of rais- 
ing a company and going South. They sent a man 
to Carbondale to recruit, and they commenced at 
home. By the next evening they had about thirty 
names on their list, and had given orders for them to 
rendezvous at the "Delaware Crossing," on the Saline, • 
six miles south of Marion. They all got to the place 
about two hours by sun on the 25th day of May, 1861, 
and the few that came from Carbondale swelled the 
number to thirty or thirty-five men, mostly under the 
age of twenty-three years. They started on to Padu- 
cah on foot, and walked all night ; and next day in 
the afternoon Robert Kelly went on to Linn's Hotel 
to have supper prepared for the boys. Their number 
had now increased to about forty men. Their feet 
became sore, and all of them lagged behind but six, 
who went on to get supper, where they were sur- 
rounded by one hundred and thirty-five home guards 
and taken prisoners. A friend to the boys got on his 
horse, knowing that they were coming into the same 
trap, and went up the road to let them know. The 
home guards left a guard with the six boys and came 
on up the road to meet the others from Marion, but 
when they came to the forks of the road, north of 
Linn's Hotel, supposing the boys had taken the one 
leading to Brooklyn, started down to the river. The 
bovs went on until thev came to the forks of the road, 
and, seeing by the tracks that the guards had gone the 
left-hand, they went on rapidly to Linn's Hotel, 
where they recaptured their six companions, and went 
on to the river opposite Paducah. Here Kelly had 
prepared a ferryboat for them, but it had laid there 
twenty-four hours and the boilers had cooled off. 
They were in a critical condition; but just then they 
saw a steamboat, the Old Kentucky, rounding up to 
Paducah out of the mouth of the Tennessee, and pret- 
ty soon she was heading across the Ohio. They 
boarded her, and crossed over. They went to May- 
field, Ky., and joined Company G, One Hundred and 
Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, and 
were in Gen. Cheatham's command. 

At the close of the war about half of them returned 
home. Brooks got to be a lieutenant colonel, and is 
now a wealthy merchant in Baltimore. Md. 



"jolly old Johnnie Rebs," of whom many of them have 
often heard, but never seen. 



Veterans to "Show Off" at Louisville. — During the 
conclave or the Knights Templar of the world in Louis- 
ville next August, the ex-Confederates of that city and 
surrounding country wall make a grand street and 
dress parade, headed by the renowned Stonewall Bri- 
gade Band of Virginia. The idea is to show the dis- 
tinguished guests a real live, wide-awrake company of 



ABOUT INVITING THE PRESIDENT TO MEMPHIS. 

Gen. J. A. Chalaron, ( orresponding Secretary oi 
tin Association of the Army of Tennessee, Louisiana 
Division, writes from New Orleans, La., January 9, 
[901, sending a resolution which was unanimously 
adopted at a largely attended meeting of this Associa- 
tion. The resolution is as follows : 

Looking forward to the success of the eleventh re- 
union of the United Confederate Veterans, to be held 
at Memphis, Tcnn., next May; and anxious that noth- 
ing may mar the pleasure that attending Confederate 
veterans anticipate on that occasion ; and that nothing 
may arise in the preliminary arrangements to create 
lukewarmness in the event, or to deter Confederates 
from attending this reunion that marks, with added 
pathos, another descending step in the revival of glo- 
rious and sacred memories, and fraternal last greet- 
ings between old comrades of the heroic armies of 
the South ; this Association hereby expresses the hope 
that, in the arrangements for the reunion, the strictest 
adherence will be kept to the sole objects of the United 
Confederate Veterans Organization, as stated and en- 
joined in its constitution and by-laws, "In order that 
the reunion may result to more firmly establish the 
ties which already exist between them (the consti- 
tuted organizations of Confederate veterans)." 

The foregoing was enacted because of the following 
article in the Times-Democrat of January 8: 

Memphis, January 7. — At a meeting of the various 
commercial hodies of Memphis this afternoon, it was 
decided to extend President McKinley a cordial invi- 
tation to visit the city during the annual reunion of 
the Confederate Veterans, which will be held the lat- 
ter part of next May. A delegation of prominent citi- 
zens, headed by Mayor Williams, will go to Wash- 
ington at an early day to present the invitation to the 
President. Arrangements for the entertainment of 
the veterans are already under way, and the various 
committees have begun their work. 

Inexoraele Law of the U. C. V. 

A circular letter (No. 136) from headquarters of 
the United Confederate Veterans, New Orleans, Jan- 
uary 2, 1901, states : 

It having been brought to the notice of the General 
Commanding that one of the Camps of this Associa- 
tion has violated Section 1, Article 9, of the Consti- 
tution, by indorsing an aspirant for a political office, 
and as it may have been done from inattention or igno- 
rance, the section is here published in full, and brought 
to the notice of all the Camps, so that no such infrac- 
tion may occur again, to wit : 

"article IX. 

"Section i. No discussion of political or religious 
subjects, nor any political action, or indorsing of aspi- 
rants for political office, shall be permitted within the 
federation of United Confederate Veterans." 

It is, of course, right and proper for individual 



Qoi)feaerate l/eterap. 



members of Camps to indorse their friends for political 
and other offices, and to try and obtain positions for 
their old comrades in their declining years by all 
honorable means within their power, and their loyalty 
and friendship in this way cannot be too highly com- 
mended ; but under the above section no such action 
of a United Confederate Veteran Camp, collectively, 
nor of an officer of the Association, officially, will be 
tolerated by the Association. 

II. The United Confederate Veteran Association 
was organized for a high and holy purpose, and il will 
be the endeavor of the < ieneral Commanding to keep 
it within its proper sphere, and to see that it is not 
diverted from the noble and benevolent purpose- for 
which it was intruded. 

As the glorious achievements of it- members, and 
the history it is intended to perpetuate, were all won 
and made in an era long since passed, the Association 
was organized with the distinct understanding that 
religious matters were- nol to be discussed or inter- 
fered with in any manner, and that it was to have no 
connection whatever with the politics of the present 
day; therefore we must steer clear of all such entan- 
glements (as the Constitution plainly states. "Nor any 
political action shall be permitted within the Federa- 
tion of United Confederate Veterans"), and consecrate 
all of out efforts soleh to the objects slated in the 
Constitution. 

III. For the information, guidance, and observance 
of all comrades, the objects and purposes of tin- Vsso 
ciation are here given, so that hereafter there will be 
no deviation from them, and the organization be kept 
within the proper and legitimate channel which its 
founders intended, its ('.institution declares, and 
which has been the invariable policy of the Association 

"AN I III E II 

iects. 

"The objects and purposes of this organization shall 
be strictly 'Social, literary, historical, and benevolent.' 
It will strive : 

"i. To unite in one orgneral federation all associa- 
tions of Confederal'' veterans, soldiers, and sailors 
now in existence, or hereafter to be formed. 

"2. To cultivate the ties of friendship that should 
exist among those who have shared common dangers, 

sufferings, and privations. 

"3. To encourage the writing, by participators there- 
in, of accounts, narratives, memoirs, histories of bat- 
tles, episodes, and occurrences &f the war between tin- 
States. 

"4. To gather authentic data, statistics, documents, 
reports, plans, maps, and other material for an impar- 
tial history of tin- I 'onfederate side ; to collect and 

ladies .Mid mementos of the war; to make and 
perpetuate a record of the services of every member. 
and, as far as possible, A those of our comrades who 
hex e preceded us int< 1 eternity, 

"5. To see that the disabled are cared for; that a 
helping hand is extended to the needy, and that the 
Confederate widows and orphans ate protected and 
assisted. 

"6. To urge and aid the erection of enduring monu- 
ments to our great leaders and heroic soldiers, sailors. 
and DCople; and to mark with suitable headstones the 
graves of Confederate dead wherever found. 



"7. To instill into our descendants a proper venera- 
tion for the spirit and glory of their fathers, and to 
bring them into association with our organization, 
that they may aid us in accomplishing our objects and 
purposes, and finally succeed us and take up our work 
where we may leave it." 

J. B. Gordon, General Commanding : 

Geo. Moorman. Adjt. Gen. ami Chief of Staff. 

ZOLLICOFKR CaMI", KnOXVILLE, TENN. 

Resolutions unanimously adopted by Felix K. Zolli- 
cofer Camp, U. C. V., No. 46, January 10. 1901, at 
Knoxville, Tenn. : 

Whereas the newspapers authoritatively state that 
the city of Memphis intends, on May 28, Jo. 30. to 
entertain President McKinley: and whereas at the in- 
vitation ot the city of Memphis tin- above dates were 
selected by the Commander of the U. C. V. as the 
time for holding, in that city, the annual reunion of 
the organization: and whereas, entertaining profound 
1 esprit for President McKinley and his exalted sta- 
tion, and believing his presence on this occasion, as 

nest of Memphis, i- : sought by a few of the citi- 
f Memphis to further their political aspirations, 
and is therefore defogatorj to our idea of the proper 
respect Av A - the President of tins great nation, and 
contran to the spirit of the U. C. V.; and whereas 
partisan politics and all that tends to it are strictly for- 

n in all meetings and reunions of the U, C. V. 
anizations; therefore be it 

Res ■!; ed: 1. That we, as a camp, respectfully request 
and urge Gen. John B. Gordon to designate some 
other city in the South in which to hold our reunion. 

2. That we decline positively to send delegates to 
Memphis to represent this Camp under the existing 
circumstances. 

3. That we deeply deplore the spirit that actuates 
1 he attempt to inject political chicanery and trickery 
into an organization where politics and political dis- 
cussions are eschewed. 

4. That we urselves, individually and col- 
lecth eh . 1 tr lies' ei" - 1 prevent as many 
of our comrades and friends as we can from attending 
the "so-called" reunion if held in Memphis, believing 
it to be for the best interests of the organization tkat 
w • do SO. 

5. That a cop) of these resolutions he sent to Gen. 
Gordon, Gen. Moorman, and to the CONFEDERATE 
\ i rERAN with request to publish. 

John F. Horn-e, Commander; 
Stuart McMullen, 
j. s. rohrixs, 
C. F. Keesee, Committee. 
A Union Veteran's Indorsement. 
J. II. VVoodard wrote Gen. Chalaron, on seeing 
of his ("amp's action in opposition to inviting 
President McKinley to the Memphis reunion, saving: 
\s an ex-Union soldiei I heartily approve of the 
action of your Camp. These Confederate reunions, 
like those of the Grand Army, are of men who fought 
for certain principles, and those who opposed them 
cannot properlv join them without indorsing the prin- 
ciples for which their opponents made war. Ever since 
men were associated together there have been different 



8 



Confederate l/eterap. 



vjews of the same subject, and there always will be. 
The result of our civil war did not change the normal 
aspect of a single question which caused the conflict, 
nor did it change the views of a single honest man in 
relation thereto. 

There has been a great deal of foolish talk about 
the joint reunion of the survivors of the opposing 
armies of the civil war. They have no business cele- 
brating together the memories of their campaigns. 
The President and every other man in the nation 
knows that the late Confederates accepted the result 
of the war, and resumed their rights and duties as cit- 
izens of the United States, and that their loyalty to 
the Constitution cannot be questioned. And among 
their rights is the privilege of construing that Con- 
stitution. It is true that they were forced back into 
citizenship in the United States, and because of this 
fact they are entitled to great credit for so patriotic- 
ally supporting their government. In war they have 
not sulked — their sons have carried the national flag 
around the world, and have died fighting for it, and 
under at least one of the men who stood with their 
fathers when they made battle under the Confederate 
ensign. Those of us who opposed the Confederates 
can love and respect them as neighbors and citizens, 
but we cannot rejoice with them over the battles they 
won, nor weep with them when they recount those 
which they lost, and the man who was not of them has 
no place at their reunions. 

The time has long since passed that men can be 
ca_lled to account for the side they espoused in the civil 
war between the States. No brave man, no honorable 
man has any apology to offer on that score, nor will 
any honorable man ask such a thing. But there are 
sacred memories of what each did and suffered that 
can be talked over only with those who truly sympa- 
thize with us — no one outside of the family can enter 
into this sacred, loved confidence. As properly ask the 
murderer to attend the funeral of his victim, and fill the 
place of chief mourner. 

I do like to see the mingling of the men who fought 
the civil war; but I want to see the commingling on 
public, civic occasions pertaining to the present. The 
war, with all its horrors, cannot be forgotten by the 
people of the South, for the South was the battlefield, 
and all of that awful prophecy of Alexander Stephens 
was fulfilled within their very sight. There are horrors 
in war beside which the killing- of men in .battle become 
as trifles, and these things cannot be forgotten by those 
who endured them ; nor would I desire the association 
Of persons who would admit that they deserved the 
wrongs put upon them by brute force. 

Soldiers who were in the opposing armies can be 
friends and honorable citizens to-day without abasing 
or stultifying themselves ; and while each respects the 
feelings of the other, he is not bound to accept opposing 
views or apologies for those he holds. 

Many people never knew, and others have forgotten, 
that the date of reunion for Richmond was changed 
m a broadly conservative spirit so as to adjourn in 
time to participate with the Grand Army of the Re- 
public in a great parade on the 4th of July in New 
York City; that the commander of the G. A. R. de- 



clined such joint celebration in such emphatic terms 
that there was no compromise. True he was told 
there would be no Confederate flags in the procession, 
but he said he would not permit the "Grand Army" 
to parade with Confederates if they should wear gray 
clothes. The promptness with which the arrangement 
was canceled should indicate the settled purpose of 
Confederates to avoid another similar humiliation. 



Charles 1!. Jones writes from Robert Lee, Tex., 
January 1, 1901 : "Cooke County is now being popu- 
lated rapidly, as new houses and farm improvements 
attest. A railroad will be built through our county in 
the next few months. We exist between two rail- 
roads, the Texas & Pacific and the Santa Fe. They 
are sixty mlies apart, with Cooke County equidistant 
between them. Of the old ex-Confeds here we have 
a Camp of forty members, named for Senator Cooke, 
for whom the county was also named. Capt. Hutch- 
ison, the Commander, is very aged, but hale and 
hearty. H. H. Haley is Adjutant, and Comrades 
Payne and W. T. Caraway are the Lieutenants. At 
our grand reunion last July we had a splendid time, 
with good speeches, good grub, and grand parades. 
Our sponsor was Miss Amelia Caraway. We expect 
to meet next August with the McCulloch Camp, of 
Runnels County." 




HON. N. L. NORTON. 

Col. N. L. Norton, Southern soldier and also mem- 
ber of the Confederate Congress, and the youngest liv- 
ing member of that historic body. Col. Norton is a 
native of Kentucky, later a citizen of Missouri, and 
now a resident of Austin, Tex. 



Qopfederate l/eterap 



THE BEN HILL TRIBUTE TO GEN. LEE. 

So many friends have sent tributes to Gen. Lee re- 
cently that it is impossible to publish them. The Con- 
federate Veteran Camp of New York has made the 
event of his anniversary so conspicuous that brief men- 
tion is given along with a reproduction of Benjamin 
H. Hill's tribute, part of which was published in the 
Veteran years ago. Of Gen. Lee he said : 

When the future historian shall come to survey the 
character of Lee. he will find it rising like a huge moun- 
tain above the undulating plain of humanity, and he 
must lift his eyes high toward heaven to catch its 
summit. He possessed every virtue of Other great 
commanders without their vices, lie was a foe with- 
out hate, a friend without treachery, a soldier without 
cruelty, a victor without oppression, and a victim with- 
out murmuring. He was a public officer without 
vices, a private citizen without wrong, a neighbor 
without reproach, a Christian without hypocrisy, and 
a man without guile. He was a Caesar without his 
ambition, Frederick without Ids tyranny, Napoleon 
without his selfishness, and Washington without his 
reward. IK' was obedienl to authorit) .1- a servant, 
and royal in authority as a true king. He was gentle 
as a woman in life, modesl ami pure as a virgin in 
thought, watchful as ;i Roman vestal in duty, submis- 
sive to law as Socrates, and grand in battle as Vchilles. 

When the enactments and measures of the Corafed 
crate government shall be critically examined, they will 
be found to have sprung into existence with a wisdom. 
a vigor, an aptitude for the crisis, and a strid con 
formity to all the principles of free institutions, which 
must challenge the admiration of publicists and states 
for all time. 

No people, ancient or modern, can look with more 
pride to the verdict which history will be camp 
to render upon the merits and characters of our two 
chief leaders the one in the military and the other 
in the civil sendee. Most other leaders are great be- 
cause of fortunate results, and heroes because of suc- 
cess Davis and Lee, because of qualities in them- 
are greal in the face of fortune, and heroes in 
spite <if defeat. 



VETERAN CAMP OF NEW YORK. 

The faithful and devotional tenacity with which 
each champion holds to our sacred traditions was stir- 
ringly exemplified in New York City on January [9, 
tool, at the eleventh annual banquet of the Confed- 
erate \ etefan 1 'amp 1 if New York. 

Maj. Edward < )wen, Commander of the Camp, pre- 
sided, and the following were of the. distinguished 
guests seated around the elegant banquet table at the 
Waldorf Astoria: Bishop Thomas (J. Dudley, Bishop 
lb.. in 1- F. Gailor, Clarence Cary (Lieutenant Com- 
mander of Camp), Augustus Van Week (President of 
North Carolina Society), Dr. William M. Polk (Presi 
dent of Southern Society), Cast Commander Dr. J. H. 
Parker. Pas1 Commander Dr. G. T. Harrison, Col. and 
Mrs. John C. Calhoun. Mrs. Jefferson Davis. Dr. and 
' 1* 



Mrs. J. Harvie Dew, Mrs. Edward Owen and Miss 
Mary Owen, Mr. and Mrs. B. Rush Smith, Miss H. 
Smith, Emerson McMillin, Col. T. P. Ochiltree, Gen. 
Joseph Wheeler, Capt. C. P. Echols, Col. W. P. Edger- 
ton (United States army), J. F. O'Shaughnessy, Pat- 
rick Calhoun, Hon. C. Hertle, Camp Chaplain Rev. G. 
S. Baker, Edwin B. Hay (of Washington, D. C), Rev. 
Henry M. MacCracken (Chancellor of the University 
of New York). William McAdoo (ex-Assistant Secre- 
tarv of the Navy). J. Hampden Robb, Gov. Hugh S. 
Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Caskin, Samuel H. 
Buck. Mr. and Mrs. 11. K. Burras, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. 
M.i lay, Fred C. Rogers, Dr. G. Boiling Lee, Col. and 
Mrs W . F. I Iwens, Hugh R. Garden, Judge W. M. K. 
ii. R. \\ I rwathmey, Col. and Mrs. A. G. Dickin- 
son. Mr. Charles B. Rouss. 

Letters were read from various absent guests. Gov. 
Odell adding to his expressions of regret the very perti- 
nent words: "1 believe that such organizations as 
yours, composed of men of Southern birth now resi- 
dent in our Northern cities, have done more toward 
wiping .-in sectional lines and bringing about the pres- 
ent era of good feeling and good fellowship than any 
other single cause." 

From the letter of Emerson McMillin, Senior Nice 
Commander. G. A. K.. is culled the following loft) sen- 
timenl : "To my mind, it is no disparagement of others 
to say that there were two men of the civil wat 1 

ndenl abilities are conspicuous above all 

others, the lu whose deeds of . 5 and 

■ iess -rows brighter with time. These two men 

Vbraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee. the noblest 
types of American manhood." 

The speech of Bishop Dudley, at the conclusion of 
the feast, proved the most thrilling feature of the even 
ing. lie said in part : "There are men here who fought 
mi- theories of government, and yet we com- 
memorate a struggle that resulted in a reunion of lib- 
erty winch the world could not have realized before it 
came about. < »urs is a nation strong to resist when 
attack is made upon its life. Aye, stronger still to give 
back all the privil hip l' 1 those who 

fought to achieve her destruction, and that generosity 
is not lost." 

The Bishop then ran over the salient features of Geil. 
- life. and. referring to hi- experience at West 
Point, said: "1 cannot but think that the deg 

easing into cruel hazing such as a 
gressional committee has uncovered, would not have 

. to pass m Ins time [ applause | 1 [is boys 
0.0 brave for cruelty." 1 le referred to Lee as the hero 
of the greatest struggle ever made b\ men against 
overwhelming d : "And yet it is said 

there is no place for him in the Valhalla, in the V 
minster Abbey of America; Washington and Jefferson 
XV(?IV r , ainst the best government the world had 

ever seen up to that time. [Laughter and applat 
Fortunately, the good sense of the electors was such 
as to decide the matter differently. Lee's name will 
stand. But even if it had not. the judgment of men 
would have built him a temple of honor of his own." 

Edwin 1'.. Hay, of Washington, paid serious and re- 
spectful tribute to Mrs. Jefferson Davis, who received 
a standing salute from those present. 



10 



Confederate l/eteran. 



A Xew York journal states that the banquet was 
the largest ever given in the history of the Camp, there 
being about five hundred people present. 

A most pleasing feature of the entertainment was 
the singing of two Southern belles, Miss Elizabeth 
Brinsmade and Miss Maude Stockton. 




MISS MAUDE BURWELL STOCKTON. 

Miss Maude Stockton, a soprano from New Orleans, 
comes from a family distinguished by service in two 
naviet, being a daughter of C'apt. Stockton, of the Con- 
federate navy, and a descendant of Commodore Stock- 
ton, of the United States Navy. 




Miss Brinsmade, who sung Wilson G. Smith's "O 
Wondrous Dream," is from New Orleans. Her father 
was a member of the famous Washington Artillery, of 
that city. She has a clear, sweet, contralto voice, and 
the rendition of this song was very effective. 



ALABAMA AND KEARSARGE ARMAMENT. 

Gen. F. S. Ferguson, ex-Commander Alabama Divi- 
sion, U. C. V., writes as follows : 

Miss Rowland's article in the Veteran for Decem- 
ber, 1900, on the "Alabama and Kearsarge," brings 
to mind a disputed point of history. Admiral Semmes, 
in his splendid work, states unequivocally that he did 
not know that the Kearsarge was practically armored 
before the engagement of the 19th of June, 1864. 
This statement he reiterates, and charges that Wins- 
low did not give him a fair fight, but, after accepting 
his (Semmes) challenge, went into the duel protected 
by concealed armor. 

Lieut. Sinclair, one of the officers of the Alabama, 
in his book published two or three years ago, states 
most positively that soon after it was known that 
Semmes had challenged Winslow, a French naval of- 
ficer of high rank, called on Semmes and told him 
that it was well known that the Kearsarge was ar- 
mored by an arrangement of her chain cables on both 
sides, and advised Semmes to take the same precau- 
tion with the Alabama or decline the battle — i. e., 
withdraw his challenge. Lieut. Sinclair further states 
that it was common knowledge in the wardroom of 
the Alabama that the Kearsarge was armored as above 
stated, and that Semmes knew the fact as well as did 
his subordinates. 

Tf it is true that Semmes did know this fact, it 
was an act of rashness, perhaps, to engage his enemy 
without wearing a similar coat of mail. This point 
is in dispute, as above shown. 

It has not been my pleasure to read Capt. Kill's 
book, but Miss Rowland's article informs us that he- 
corroborates Admiral Semmes. It is an interesting 
historical question, and worth investigation. 



MISS ELIZABETH BRINSMADE. 



RICHMOND CHAPTER ELECTS OFFICERS. 

At the annual meeting of the Richmond Chapter, 
Daughters of the Confederacy, the election of officers 
took place. Mrs. N. V. Randolph was unanimously re- 
elected President; Mrs. Edward Valentine and Mrs. 
Alfred Gray, Vice Presidents; Miss Louise Claiborne 
and Miss Anne C. Bentley, Corresponding and Re- 
cording Secretaries ; Mrs. Charles E. Boiling was 
unanimously elected Treasurer. 

Mrs. W. A. Behan, President of the Confederated 
Southern Memorial Association, was introduced, and 
gave a short account of the work done in the past few 
months by the Association. 

Mrs. Behan is the guest of Mrs. N. V. Randolph. 

A contribution was sent to the Monument Associa- 
tion in New Orleans. 

Mrs. Behan had been to Washington to confer with 
the Secretary of War in regard to the reinterment of 
soldiers who are buried at the North, and it is under- 
stood was well pleased with the Conference. 



Confederate l/eterao. 



11 



UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Sons of Confederate Veterans have organized a 
Camp at Arkadelphia, Ark. The officers are as follows : 
Granville Goodloe, Commander; C. V. Murry and J. 
E. Callaway, Lieutenant Commanders ; L. C. New- 
berry, Adjutant ; Dr. J. C. Wallis, Surgeon ; John W. 
Allen, Quartermaster; Rev. E. M. Pipkin, Chaplain; 
Duncan Flanagin, Treasurer; J. H. Abraham, Color 
Sergeant; Rufus G. McDaniel, Historian. The Camp 
was christened Camp Flanagin, in honor of the late 
Gov. Flanagin. The membership of the Camp num- 
bers twenty, and it is hoped that every son of a Con- 
federate veteran within its jurisdiction will have his 
name enrolled as a inemhq-. 



W. R. Kiveit. Major General Commanding Sons 
of Confederate Veterans for Colorado, received his 
collegiate course at Wake 
Forest * "ollege, Mi »rtli 
olina, his native State. He 
moved to Durham in 1882, 
engaging in contracting 
and building, and in r888 
beo »ming President of a 
business at Waco, Tex. In 
[898 he visited Colorado 
Springs with Ins family for 
a summer rest amid the 
ies, and finding it, as 
he claims, the garden spot 
of the earth, located and 
is now in business there. 
I le was appointed I '. S. C. 
\ . Ei r 1 < >li irado, Formed a 
camp one hundred strong, 
was at the Louisville Reunion, and says: ''Look for 
mi at Memphis in 1001." 




W. K. KIVETT. 



NEW CAMPS IN ARKANSAS DIVISION, 

V. Y. Cook, Major General CJ. C. V. for Arkansas, 
reports the following ("amps as having been organized 
recently in his division : 

J. II. Berry tamp, No, 1266, Springdale: Com- 
mander. \. C, I Inward: Adjutant, George Graves. 

Stonewall Jackson (amp. No. 1269, Huntsville: 
I ctomander, J. L.Crane; Adjutant, A. A. Broad. 

Daniel 11. Reynolds Camp, No. 1285, Lake Village 
Commander, John Bagley; Adjutant, Roberl London. 

James Newton Camp, No. [290, El Dorado: I 
mander, W. E. Lacy; Adjutant, John F. Marrable. 

« onfederate Veterans Camp, No. 1293, Kingsland: 
Commander, ; Adjutant, G. S. Dickinson. 

1. T. Stuart Camp. No. uo_|. Van Buren: Com- 
mander, A. R. Witt : Adjutant. T. W. Davis. 

Shiloh Camp, No. 1207, Mena: Commander, Gen. 
R. G. Shaver: Adjutant, \Y. J. Davjs. 

Eight more (amps are under way, all of which or- 
ganizations it is expected will be perfected at an early 
date. 



EVENTS OF THE SIXTIES, BY YOUNG "MISTISS." 

A short time since, there appeared in the Veteran a 
brief sketch of the faithfulnessof "Uncle Ned Hawkins" 
to his old mistress, so I thought perhaps readers might 
be interested in hearing of some of the trials through 
which his old mistress was called to pass during the 
war of the sixties. 

On the 31st of December, iS6_\ her old home, stand- 
ing on the banks of the beautiful Rappahannock, Cul- 
peper County, Va., occupied by herself and an older 
sister, was fired upon by the vandals in blue, and she 
was painfully wounded, and lay upon a bed of suffer- 
ing for weeks. Ffer sister was greatly alarmed, and 
asked aid of a surgeon from among the enemy. 
Mother was in quite a critical condition, yet she told 
the surgeon she preferred death to his touching her. 
While on crutches she would tell them of their many, 
many mean deeds and cruelties to Southern people. 

She, with tlii ption of a sister in Fast Tennes- 

see, is the last of a mice large and influential family, 
11 rs owned their old homestead for more 
than a century. Ilcr only brot hunted like a 

wild b id driven from his comfortable home to 

find shelter in our glorious Rebel army. He was too 
old i" enter the service. I shall never forget b 
number of Yan hed up, pistols in hand, 

and sum 11 to capl ure 1 1 eeble 

man." I vo of them, claiming to be officers, came up 
to the door and inquired for mj father. When told 
by my poor, weening mother that be was not there, 
such oaths followed as 1 scarcely ever beard. They 
said if they found him they would hang him to a large 
oak standing just in front of our deai old home — long 
since in ashes. Then number 1 "No, we will 

scalp his d old bald head just here at the d 

They --aid the) had orders to search the house, and, with 
3 in band, sabers clanking, spurs rattling, said 
mother musl accompany them, pretending to be so 
scrupulously honest, while at the same tin: out of 

doors were in every place, breaking every lock, and 
carrying off all they found, whether of use to them 
or not. 1 can see my dear old mother now ascending 
Miis with trembling limbs and tearful eyes, fol- 
lowed by Mary, the faithful house servant, who was 
ever true to her mistress in time of trouble. These 
are only a few trials borne by our family. 

We were deprived of every comfort, and at times 
scarcely had the necessaries of life. Then poor mother 
would asl them not to leave us to starve, that she 
could not communicate with her friends. Their reply 
was : "We are acting upon Pope's orders." That was 
truly their mode of warfare, waged against old men, 
helpless women and children. 

Some wish to bury the past. I should like to attend 
a reunion of thorough Confederates, but if one single 
bluecoal is to be there, I prefer to Staj away. 

When the green grass waves over my grave, just 
as it dors now- over mv dear old father's and mother's, 
and my children stand by and view mine as I do theirs, 
they --an saw as I can, she never forgot how they were 
d by the Yankees. But there is a comfort in 
knowing that God is just, and all wjll be well some 
dav. 



12 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



Confederate l/eterai). 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

Delay in sending out this first issue of the Veteran 
in the new century is caused by unavoidable absence 
from the office and State. It will be found even better 
than usual. No man was ever more diligent to per- 
form the duties incumbent through so sacred a trust. 
and this fact consoles when there occasionally occurs 
delay. The great responsibility of printing the truth, 
concisely as possible, and of distributing credit with 
the veterans in their commands and their respective 
localities, coupled with other Confederate obligations, 
humbles and animates to highest endeavor. The writ- 
er's Confederate work is kept as an open book, and 
diligence has ever been exercised to give comrades 
and others who read the Veteran the best possible 
for the money. In this reckoning as the new year and 
the new century begin the writer refers to his public 
work in promoting the cause of a monument to Presi- 
dent Jefferson Davis, to which work he was chosen 
years ago, whereby considerable sums were paid to 
him, and again, in collecting money for the Sam Davis 
Monument, he was impressed with the sacred duty of 
reporting all sums secured in such causes. It was this 
sentiment that induced, as lias been stated, the starting 
of the Confederate Veteran. The sentiment of 
having the Southern people get the full benefit of all 
money paid by them for Confederate causes, even in- 
cluding the prices of books, has been an invariable rule. 

Mention is made herein that the United Confederate 
Veteran Camps ought to act upon certain very impor- 
tant matters deliberately in their home meetings. 
Notice will be sent them ere long, and it behooves ev- 
ery Confederate and Daughter, and the Sons also, to 
consider diligently aniact upon these matters. Friends 
to our great cause are requested to remind veterans to 
be watchfvd for reports on these issues. 



Certain errors in the December Veteran are re- 
gretted. In using the picture of Miss Fannie Alice 
Law mention was omitted that she was sponsor for 
the Indian Territory Division, U. C. V., at Charles- 
ton, sponsor for the John Morgan Camp at Louis- 
ville, and appointed again as sponsor for her division 
at Memphis. 

Again, in giving sketches of "prominent railroad 
men," that of Maj. W. L. Danley, appearing on the 
first inside cover, was intended to be page 551, as may 
be seen by reference. 

Also the sketch of Comrade W. W. Bunch appeared 
in the "Last Roll" when he is very much alive. That 
error occurred through hastily marking the MS. "Last 



Roll," and the printer, loyal to the Veteran, substi- 
tuted in connection with an account of his regimental 
flag, which, "at the time of his death," he buried. That 
is an interesting story, and readers who may review it 
will remember that Comrade Brown, the author, was 
not at fault in the error. 



In an appeal to the Sons in behalf of the organization 
Comrade Stan C. Harley wrote : 

I have been very much surprised at the want of infor- 
mation in the sons and daughters of Confederate soldiers 
as to the particular command to which their fathers 
belonged ; where they served, how long they served ; 
whether they were wounded or not, and in what battle, 
etc. This is not so much the case with sons of Federal 
soldiers. It is tnte that the sons of Confederate sol- 
diers have not the incentive to cause them to remem- 
ber (pensions) that the others have, but there ought 
to be, and there is a higher incentive why they ought 
to learn all about the time that their fathers bared their 
bosoms to the storm, fighting against great odds suc- 
cessfully until their armies were reduced to skeletons 
of the grand armies they represented at first, while the 
enemy continued to increase in numbers and all muni- 
tions of war, when at the close of the war the numbers 
approximated 6 to 1. 



Robert A. Morris, of Birmingham, Ala., wants to 
buy all volumes of the Veteran previous to 1898. 




IN THE GRAND HALL OF CONGRESSIONAL LIBRARY. 

Mr. Allan B. Slauson, Librarian of Congress, Wash- 
ington, D. C, is very anxious to complete the file of 
Veteran for the Library, and any one who can fur- 
nish the following numbers will confer to him and to 



C^opfederat^ l/eterap 



13 



the Veteran a great favor : All the numbers of 1893 
are desired; January and March of '94; March, '95; 
March and June, '97 ; September, '98. 

The government is binding these volumes very 
handsomely, and, that the edition may be completed, 
four yearly subscriptions will be given for the above 
eighteen copies. 

CONCERNING RE^ENLISTMENT AT DALTON, 

Pearl Witt writes from McGregor, Tex. : 

The credit of relieving the anxiety of the authorities 
at Richmond by originating the movement of reen- 
listing to the end of the war belongs to First Lieut. 
Burney Broyles, of Company II, Fifth Tennessee, 
Ashby's Brigade, Humes's Division. 

At roll call, one day in the latter part of "63, he 
stepped in front of his company and electrified his 
comrades with the proposition: "Boys, all of you who 
will reenlist for the war with me, step forward." In 
response all but three stepped toward death, their 
marvelous love for their cause showing their nearness 
to Him who is Line. As we of to-day look back 
through the years upon that scene, we see those men 
invested with so much of the divine that we invol- 
untarily bow in reverence. 

The world has never been blessed with a nobler type 
of young manhood than Lieut. Broyles. Having left 
his home at Broylesville, E. Tenn., where he had 
been cradled in the "lap of luxury," and had known 
only the brightness of life, he slept on the wel ground 
with nothing between him and heaven but a worn 
blanket. Quiel and unassuming, he was lined by his 
comrades, and no one was more worthy to so kindle 
the patriotism of their souls, yet it is believed that, 
although he lived for some years after the war, he 
never received so much as a word of appreciation from 
the authorities at Richmond, 

Ilis example is the more striking in view of the fact 
that he had come From a section where nearly all the 
companions of his boyhood had joined the invading 
army, and those he loved best were helpless, sub- 
jected to the insulting cruelty of many who are now 
drawing pensions. 

Mr. J. F. Pangle, of Burnet, Tex., who was a mem- 
ber of this company, had many thrilling experiences. 
On one occasion his sister gave him a blanket which, 
within a few hours, saved his lifeblood from a bayo 
net thrust by a powerful Dutchman with whom he 
was engaged in a hand-to-hand combat in the midst 
of the Fourth \rtny Corps. 

Col. J. 1'. 1 >OUglas writes from Tyler. Tex. : 
In reply to inquiry in the December Veteran as to 
wli.it command was first to enlist for life or during 
the war at Dalton, Ga., I will state that Douglas's 
Texas Battery was the first command to take such 
action, which was done by the unanimous adoption of 
resolutions presented by Edward W. Smith, a private 
of the company, about January 27, 1864. I have in 
my possession .1 letter written on January 31, [864, 
in which the following paragraph occurs: "My com- 
pany has reenlisted for the war, and received a high 
compliment from Gen. Johnston in general orders, 
read to every regiment in the arniv." 

I inclose herewith a letter from Col. R. Q. Mills, 
which will throw light upon the subject. I agree in 



my recollection of the occurrence with Col. Mills that 
a Tennessee regiment followed the battery within a day 
or two, and then with great promptness every regi- 
ment in the army reenlisted. 



Hon. 



COL. MILLS S LETTER. 

Corsicana, Tex., January 10, 1901. 
/. P. Doughs: I have yours of January 5 



reference to the article in the Confederate Veteran. 
My recollection agrees with yours, that your battery 
was the first to reenlist. I stated that in the speech 
you refer to. I think that the recnlistment occurred 
at Missionary Ridge instead of Dalton. The reason 
why the thing is so strongly impressed on my mem- 
ory is this: It was known throughout the army that 
tlii term of enlistment was about to expire, and Gen. 
Cleburne and some other officers proposed to organize 
an order to be called the "Comrades of the Southern 
Cross." One or two conferences were held to pre- 
pare a plan of organization. Bishop Quintard was 
appointed to draw up a ritual, which he did. It was 
printed and each of us had a copy. The obligation 
assumed in it was to remain in the army if necessary 
for life, and fight it oui to the hitter end. I met with 
them but once, ami that was in an old water mill at 
Graysville, Ga., when the ritual was read over to us 
by Bishop Quintard. while we were sitting around on 
grain sacks. A time was set when we were to present 
our order and its objects to the army and urge its 
adoption by officers and men. Before the day arrived, 
and I think the next day after our meeting at Grays- 
ville, your battery at dress parade in the evening re- 
enlisted for life or ninety years or some term that 
meant as much. The next evening the (hie Hundred 
and Fifty-Fourth Tennessee Regiment reenlisted the 
same way, and in a few days the whole arm) did the 
same thing. V the object of our order had been ac- 
complished without its agency, nothing more was done 
with it. Among those present .it Graysville were 
Bishop Quintard, Gen. Cleburne, Col. Scotl Vnderson, 
and others whom f Ott en. 

Other reports on this subject are deferred to subse- 
quent issues. 




THE KOPPERI. RESIDENCE AT GALVESTON. 

This well-known mansion wis headquarters for Gen, Magruderal the i 1 

the battle ot Galveston, or .it least f"r members nf his staff. It is a home 
noted for culture and hospital it v, h has been rehabilitated by Mis. Kopperl. 



14 



Qoofederate l/eterai). 



CONCERNING BATTLE OF BELMONT. 

The Portland Oregmian prints an interesting letter 
from F. D. Jodon on "Recollections of the War," from 
which the following extracts are taken. The letter is 
dated Columbus, Ky., November, 1861 : 

From the top of this cliff,, about five hundred feet 
in height, the course of the river can be seen for five 
miles toward Cairo. The opposite Missouri shore is 
low, subject to overflow. Several hundred acres at 
this point were cleared, and the landing was called 
Belmont. Above this, on the same side, along the 
river, lay a heavy woods. 

Through these woods, over this field, on a bright, 
sunny morning in November, 1861, Gen. Grant, with 
6,500 soldiers in blue, rushed upon two regiments of 
Arkansas troops, whose tents lined the river's edge at 
Belmont. It is a memorable battlefield, for here Grant 
first commanded, and here he met his first humiliating 
defeat ; mortifying to him because he had the larger 
force, choice of positions, and the advantage of a sur- 
prise ; but the Confederates crossed the river in open 
boats under a galling fire, 4,500 to 6,500, recovered 
the field and drove their foe panic-stricken from it, 
pell-mell through the woods to their transports, on 
which they rushed so madly that they nearly sunk 
them by crowding their starboard sides. 

For some weeks before this battle Gen. Polk antici- 
pated an attack on Columbus from Cairo, on the Ken- 
tucky side, and all the troops were kept there, except 
the two Arkansas regiments, who fought Grant until 
their ammunition gave out, and then retreated under 
the bank of the river, where they remained until re- 
enforced from Columbus. 

On that morning, a private of the Fifth Louisiana 
Battalion, returning from outpost duty toward Cairo, 
saw transport after transport sweep in sight from the 
river, crowded with troops, and were lost to sight in a 
bend on the Missouri side ; these were Grant's forces. 

On the bluff above Columbus was the "Lady Polk." 
an immense rifled cannon, named for the General's 
wife, on a circular track with an embankment inclos- 
ing it. This gun commanded the Belmont battlefield 
and every point of the compass. It had never been 
fired, but on that day it sent plunging shot into the 
Federal troops, which largely caused their panic. 

It was cast at Memphis, but when an attempt was 
made to ram the shot home it was found that the 
flanges were too large for the grooves of the piece, 
and they had to be filed down, but as it expanded by 
firing, the charges entered without filing. A shot was 
left in the cannon when the battle ended, which, con- 
tracting as it cooled, clasped the ball as in a vice. 

Several days after, Gen. Polk, desiring to get the 
gun's range, concluded to fire it up the river, and a 
crowd of officers and soldiers collected to witness it. 
Seven men were inside the embankment handling the 
piece; Gen. Polk and Capt. Rucker were outside, to 
the rear and one side. When the signal to fire was 
given a fearful explosion followed, like the roar of a 
hundred cannon blended in one. Those who did not 
know the cause of it thought the main magazine, 
located near the Lady Polk, had blown up. 

When the smoke cleared away a horrible sight met 
the eye. The gun, ten feet in length, with a breach 



nearly as large as a flour barrel, was burst in two at 
the breech, one-half of which was buried in the em- 
bankment and the other half thrown over it ; the muz- 
zle was thrown forward and partly hidden from sight 
in the earth. 

And the poor fellows who manned it were dead and 
dying, lying here and there, ghastly corpses or in the 
death agony. Heads gone, legs and arms torn from 
the bodies, flesh jerking and quivering in the semi- 
living, hideous trunks. 

Gen. Polk and Capt. Rucker wore overcoats. Both 
were thrown to the ground, the Gen. badly stunned, 
but the Captain got up without aid. The rotary force 
of the disrupted air peeled off the Captain's outer coat 
and the cloth from the General's left sleeve. 

This was a scene that memory does not willingly 
recall. 

SKETCH OF A FAITHFUL COMRADE, 

Comrade John D. Tolley, who has proven himself 
faithful to the Veteran in an extraordinary way. 
sends in compliance with request some interesting data : 
I was born in Lynchburg. Tenn., March 28, 183", 
and lived in and near Lynchburg, in Moore and Lin- 
coln Co'imties all my life, except a few years off at 

school and four years _and 
twenty days in the war, 
1861-65. I was educated 
in our home schools at 
Burritt College and the 
University of Tennessee, at 
Knoxville. 

I enlisted in the Confed- 
erate army May 18, 1861 : 
served the entire war, and 
was paroled at Selma, 
Ala., June, 1865. I served 
the first year as a private 
and ordnance sergeant in 
the Eighth Tennessee Vol- 




JOHN D. TOLLEY. 



unteers, and was made 
first lieutenant at Corinth, 
Miss., May, 1862. Afterwards I was promoted to 
adjutant major of the regiment, and continued in same 
until the close of the year of 1863, and then was pro- 
moted to captain, and served the rest of the war 
in special detached service. I was part of the time in 
the secret service inside the enemy's lines as a spy on 
the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad from Cowan 
to Nashville. On one occasion I ate supper at Tulla- 
horna with Gen. Milroy and staff, and missed being 
captured by only a hair's breath, the landlady recog- 
nizing me as "Cousin John." After the war I returned 
home, and have been an active business man ever 
since, with many ups and downs in life. I will soon 
be sixty-four years old, and am in good health, but 
still suffering from a wound received at Perryville, 
Ky., which is the birthplace of my father. 



DISCUSSING REGIMENTAL COMMANDERS, 

Robert Neill, Esq., writes from Batesville, Ark.: 
"On page 436 of the October Veteran, J. M. Berry, 
Salem, Mo., writes: 'Comrade J. N. Wilkinson, of 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



15 



Blooming Grove, Tex., is correct in stating that 
Churchill was Colonel of the Eighth Arkansas Regi- 
ment. Col. Patterson commanded before the consol- 
idation at Corinth,' etc. This first sentence is an error. 
The Eighth Arkansas never had a colonel named 
Churchill. Thomas J. Churchill, afterwards a major 
general in the Confederate service, and since Gov- 
ernor of Arkansas, was the first colonel of the First 
Arkansas Mounted Rilieman, whose first service was 
in the West under Gen. Ben McCulloch, and which 
participated in the bloody battle of Oak Hills, Mo., 
August 10, 1861. He was afterwards in the battle 
of Elk Horn, or Pea Ridge, and was transferred to the 
Army of the Mississippi when Gen. Van Dorn moved 
the Army of the West to Corinth, in April, 1862. I 
belonged to Company K of that regiment from its 
organization. The first colonel of the Eighth Arkan- 
sas Infantry was William K. Patterson, then of Jack- 
sonport, Ark. The next colonel was John H. Kelley. 
afterwards a brigadier general of cavalry in the Army 
of Tennessee. The last colonel of the regiment was 
George F. Baucum, a splendid veteran, now living at 
Little Rock, Ark." 

1 onfedcrated Southern Manorial Associations. — Miss 
Sue H. Walker, Corresponding Secretary. Fayette- 
ville, Ark.: "In the August Veteran there was pub- 
lished a list of 'Important Reunion Hates.' in which 
there was an important omission- namely, 'The Con- 
federated Southern Memorial Association,' organized 
at Louisville. Ky., during the U C. V. reunion. The 
veterans cordially recognized this Confederation of 
all the memorial associations c«f the South, and gri 
permission to this body to hold its annual reunions 
at the same time and place as the U. C. V, This Con- 
federal inn is composed of 01 ganizations antedating the 
United Confederate \ eterans themselves, whose work 
the veterans delight to praise, and we feel sun 
will make known in the VETERAN that the Confed- 
erated Southern Memorial Association will meet in 
Memphis May 28, 1901. Placi of meeting not yet 
decided on." 

Carried Children to Place of Safety. — Col. Irving A. 
Buck, who was assistant adjutant general to Gen. P. 
R. Cleburne, writes from Front Royal, Va., January 
7. 1901 : "Permit me to make a correction of Comrade 
Reid Smith's article in the December Veteran, as to 
my having taken a mother and child from a burning 
building under artillery tire. 1 was in hospital from 
a wound received at Jonesboro, and in consequence 
not in Hood's Tennessee campaign. The incident is 
correct in the main, hut the ere. lit of it belongs not to 
me, but to two officers, not excelled for intelligence 
and gallantry in any army that ever existed. These 
are the facts: \t Spring 1 1 ill . the day before the bat- 
tle of Franklin, when Cleburne made his attack upon 
Thomas's moving column, Gen. Govan and his adju- 
tant general, Capt. George A. Williams, rode up to a 
burning house just after dark, while artillery was still 
playing upon it. The family (a young man, his wife, 
and two little children) were in the yard, all terror- 
stricken. Gen. Govan and Capt. Williams had the 
father pass the children over the fence, and ■each took 



one before him, while the parents followed, shrinking 
and dropping at every shell, until conveyed to a place 
of safety by these two officers. Capt. Willaims is now 
a resident of Xew Orleans. He can and will, I trust, 
confirm this statement." 



HEROISM IN THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, 

Capt. J. H. Moore writes from Hahlonega, Ga. : 

In the December Veteran in an article by Com- 
rade Capt. J. B. Turney entitled "The First Tennessee 
at Gettysburg." after describing the formation and or- 
der of advance, the following statement occurs: "The 
First Tennessee, constituting the right of Archer's 
brigade, occupied a most important position. I de- 
cided to throw a column beyond the works and enfilade 
the line to my left, and succeeded in taking with me 
my own company and parts of ..iliers. The volleys 
we fired were effective and created confusion, enabling 
(apt. J. H. Moore and possibly others of the Seventh 
Tennessee, and Capt, Taylor, of the Thirteenth Ala- 
bama, to lead their companies over the works." This 
statement, uncorrected and unexplained, gives me a 
prominence in the battle and credit for achievements 
I do not claim nor deserve, and. by implication, does 
greal injustice to the field and line officers of the 
Seventh Tennessee Regiment. Col. John A. Tit e gal- 
lantly led the regiment in the justly celebrated assault 
on Cemetery Ridge. lie and A.ljt. 1 1. .ward were on 
the right of the regiment and near the First, and did 
all that could be done to "-natch \ icti ir} 11 1 mi defeat." 
The\ fought gallantly and did everything possible to 
inspire and fire the command, and continued to fight 
until surrounded and captured. 

Lieut. Col. Shepherd, the "Old Reliable." in the 
center, also did his full duty, and was the only field 
officer in the entire division that escaped unhurt from 
the battle. He, for son. weeks afterwards, com- 
manded the division. May Williamson fell severely 
wounded, losing an arm while bravely leading the left 
as it was advancing up the slope of the ridge. The 
line officers did their duty equally well. 

I can recall the magnificent advance of the long line 
of brigade sharpshooters clearing the way for our ad- 
m command of thai superb soldier, Maj. Ferg 
Harris. The tall form and commanding presence of 
this officer made him a conspicuous mark for the ene- 
mies' sharpshooters. He was wounded in the charge, 
and. if m\ memory is not at fault, received seven other 
w . .nil. N iii . itlirr battles 

I can recall (apt. A. Norris, late Representative of 
Wilson County, when the right was being enveloped 
and hope gone, tearing the colors from the stall 
retreating with a fragment of his company under a 
fire s.i destructive that his escape seemed miraculous. 
There was no better officer in the Seventh or in any 
other regiment. Capt. Asa Hill, while cheering on 
his company, fell mortally wounded; Capt. John 
Allen, "the bravest of the brave." fell where he 
always was. in "the thickest of the tight," with two 
desperate wounds, thought to be mortal at the time : 
Lieut. Timberlake fell in the forefront with two severe 
wounds. Space will not permit me to mention more 
names, though many more deserve all praise. 

The rank and file of my own company and, as far 



16 



Confederate l/eterai). 



as I could see, of others did all that flesh and blood 
could do to make the assault successful. While my 
attention was confined principally to my own com- 
pany, I recall with distinctness the gallant bearing of 
acting Sergeant Jesse Cage, of Company E (now of 
Nashville), on my immediate right. He seemed to 
be oblivious to everything except his full duty as a 
soldier. His apparent coolness was remarkable. This 
splendid soldier escaped unscathed in this as well 
as every other battle in which the Army of Northern 
Virginia was engaged until the very last, in which 
he lost a leg. He was a model soldier in war as he is 
a model Christian gentleman in peace. 

I did not command a company until after the wound- 
ing of Capt. Allen, near the close of the engagement. 
My company, being Company B, was the extreme 
left company of the regiment, and could not possibly 
have been next to the First, as stated by Capt. Tur- 
ney. Nor did the company cross the stone wall or 
works, as mentioned, for the reason that near the junc- 
tion of the First and Seventh Regiments the wall 
alluded to — which was nearly east and west — turned 
abruptly to the north, and consequently was not in 
our front; and, while the left did not cross the wall, it 
advanced as far up the slope as the First or any other 
'regiment. As will readily be seen, Capt. Turney evi- 
dently mistakes me for an officer commanding one of 
our extreme right companies. Who they were I can- 
not now call to mind. The officers and men of the 
entire command, as far as T could see or ascertain, 
did their duty well, and came very near carrying a 
naturally strong position, partially fortified, and held 
by more than double their numbers of enemies — of 
their own race — incredible as it may seem. 

New, in conclusion, I wish to state that personally 
I did no more than the least line officer in the regi- 
ment, and not nearly as much as the majority of them, 
to make the memorable charge on Cemetery Ridge a 
success. The publication of this will not only relieve 
me from an embarrassing position, but will remove 
any impression liable to be made by Capt. Turney's 
article that some of the officers of the Seventh Regi- 
ment did not do their full duty. 



Capt. F. S. Harris writes from Alabama : 
I regret the necessity of a reply to Capt. Turney's 
article on Gettysburg in December Veteran. It 
needs none only for the fact that it appeared in the 
official organ of the U, C. V., every word of Which we 
want future historians to know is true. . . . But 
I cannot remain silent at the implied slur against the 
balance of that grand old regiment, the First Ten- 
nessee, whose dead are on every battlefield from Seven 
Pines to Appomattox ; nor the implied accusations 
against those grand old regiments, the Seventh and 
Fourteenth Tennessee and Fifth and Thirteenth Ala- 
bama Battalions. 

Capt. Turney's recollection is so sadly at fault both 
on the first and third days that it is unnecessary 
to begin to point out. I have been on that field 
twice since, in 1899 anc ^ T QOO. On both occasions I 
found the lines definitely located. It is true the First 
Tennessee was next to Pickett, but Capt. Turney's rec- 
ollection plays him a prank again. Next to the First 
was the Fourteenth Tennessee. He places the Seventh 



next, as he says he "cleared the way for Capt. Moore's 
company to go over," and some of the Fifth Alabama 
Battalion. Every one in the brigade knows that the 
Fifth Alabama was on the extreme left of the brigade. 

I cannot remember as well as Capt. Turney, but I 
recollect the gallant Col. George and Capt. Moore 
far to the front ; and I know Col. Fite was cap- 
tured near there. Col. Lockard, of the Fourteenth 
Tennessee, was wounded crossing the wall. The Thir- 
teenth and Fifth Alabama Battalions drove to the 
front as far as any man, and Col. Shepard, Capt. 
Norris, Capt. John Allen, Bill Young, and others 
went to the front as far as any Confederate soldier. 
And they got out with Capt. Allen badly wounded. 

But the most serious trouble arising from the pub- 
lication in so reputable a journal as the Veteran is 
that it contradicts that which Archer's and Petti- 
grew's men have given thirty years to establish. 
Newspaper soldiers of Pickett's, immediately after 
the battle, commenced to claim all the glory of this 
•the greatest of the world's battles. 

Capt. Bond, of North Carolina, Col. J. H. Moore, 
before mentioned, and others have established the 
facts from war records : Fitzhugh Lee's Life of Gen. 
R. E. Lee and other reliable data. The stones are 
set at Gettysburg, marking each position attained so 
different from Capt. Turney's recollection that one 
would not recognize that gory field from his article. 

The most unkind shot of all is therefore from the 
archer in our own camp. 

In publishing the foregoing the Veteran empha- 
sizes afresh its faith in the integrity of any Confed- 
erate soldier or officer who was himself in battle. 
Their devotion to truth and to principle exceeds their 
partiality for any command over others. We all 
know by experience that no two will see things alike. 



K. M. Van Zandt, Major General Commanding the 
Texas Division, writes from Fort Worth, Tex., No- 
vember 20, T900, to Capt. J. H. George about prison 
life on Johnson's Island : 

In the last issue of the Confederate Veteran, just 
received, I notice your communication regarding the 
treatment of prisoners on Johnson's Island. I was 
there at the time you were ; have a roster of those 
who were there, and in it find the name of J. H. 
George, Captain Company D, Forty-First Tennessee 
Regiment. I was surrendered at Fort Donelson, car- 
ried first to Camp Douglas, thence to Camp Chase, 
and thence to Johnson's Island, arriving there on 
April 9, with the first lot of prisoners sent to that 
prison. I confirm your statement. I remember well 
the Sunday evening when Lieut. Gibson, of Arkansas, 
was shot, and I remember quite well the night when 
Capt. J. A. Meadows, of the First Alabama Regiment, 
was wounded. He was shot through both legs. He 
was in the hospital, and just able to get up. He was 
returning from the "sinks," and became so weak that 
he was not able to walk erect, and was walking in a 
stooping posture, holding his trousers with both 
hands, when he Was shot by the sentinel. It was whol- 
ly without cause. I was in Building No. 4, immedi- 
ately west of the hospital building. I shall be glad to 
meet you and talk over these things. 



Confederate l/eteran. 



17 



UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 
New Camps and Camp News, 

From New Orleans, La., January II, 1901, Gen. 
George Moorman, Adjutant General, sends out Gen- 
eral Orders No. 250, announcing the fellowship of the 
following named camps in the organization of the 
United Confederate Veterans, "all registered in con- 
formity with the dates in their respective charters," 
also their numbers, to wit : 

R. F. Hoke, No. 1241, Lum'berton, N. C. 

Joe Wheeler, No. [242, Graham, Ind. T. 

W. C. Preston, No. 1243, Alexandria, Term. 

Winnie Davis, No. 1244, Safford, Ariz. 

Gates County, No. U45. Willeyton, N. C. 

Robert J. Breckinridge, No. 1246, Danville, Ky. 

Dick Gano, No. 1247, Mansfield, Tex. 

Henry L. Wyatt, No. 1248, Bayboro, N. C. 

Mayfield, No. 1249, Mayfield, Ky. 

Confederate Veteran, No. 1250, Tulu, Tenn. 

Bedford Forrest, No. 1251. Arlington, Tex. 

Joseph E. Johnston, No. 1252. Quinlan, Tex 

Stonewall Jackson, No. 1253, Grapevine, Tex.- 

Joseph E. Johnston, No. 1254, Selmer, Tenn. 

Samuel J. Gholson, X". 1255, Aberdeen, Miss. 

Lee Sherrell, No. 1 156, Bardwell, Ky. 

Zebulon B. Nance, No. 1257, Troy. X. I 

John H. Cecil, No. 1258. Lebanon, Ky. 

H. B. Lyon, X". [259, Murraj . Ky. 

Ben Hardin Helm, No. 1260, Lawrenceville, Ky. 

Pickett-Stuart, Mo. r26i, M >ttowa) . \ 

Thomas If. Hunt, No. [262, Cynthiana, Ky. 

Gen. John S. Williams, No. [263, Grayson, Ky. 

Jesse S. Barnes, No. [264, V\ ilson, X. C. 

Marion County, No. 1265, Jefferson, Tex. 

James j|. Berry, Xo. [266, Springdale, Ark. 

Jefferson Davis, No. 12( 7. Elkton, Ky. 

Sou-Noo-Kee (Cherokee Indians), No, 120s, Cher- 
okee. X. C. 

Stonewall Jackson, No. 1269, Huntsville, Ark. 

Co. A. Wheeler's Confed. Cavalry, No. 1270, At- 
lanta, ( ia. 

! hornton. No. 1271. Smnmersville, W. Va 

Charles J. Batchelor, Xo. 1272, Smithland, La. 

Nimrod Triplett, Mo. 127s. Boone, X. I 

Faulkner, No (274, Daphne, Ala. 

Bill Johnston, No. 1 175, \\ eldon, X. 1 

1 fuitman, No. 12 lelen, M 

Maurice T. Smith, X.-. 1 '77, < >xford, X. C. 

Oscar R. Rand, X T o. 1278, 1 lolly Springs, N. C. 

I 'ostello, No. 1270. Elba, Ala. 

Sam Davis, No 1280, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Forrest, Mo. I t8l, Magazine. Ark. 

W. R. White. X... -Aj, Lowndesville, S. C. 

Ike Stone, Xo. 1283, Henderson, Tenn. 

Fitzgerald, No, 1 i84, Paris, Tenn. 

Daniel IT. Reynolds, Xo. [285, Lake Village, Ark. 

Joe Wheeler, No. 1286, Cheyenne, Okla. 

James W. Mo>.x. No. 1287, Arlington, Ky. 

Stonewall Jackson, No. T288. Pontotoc, Ind. T. 

M. J. Furgerson, No. 1280, Hurricane. W. Va. 

James Newton, No. 1200. El Dorado, Ark. 

Winfield, Xo. 1201, Winfield, Ala. 



Clinch County, No. 1292, Homerville, Ga. 

Confederate Veteran, No. 1293, Kingsland, Ark. 

J. T. Stuart, No. 1294, Van Buren, Ark. 

Gen. John S. Williams, No. 1295, Winchester, Ky. 

Joe Walker. No. 1296, Greer Depot, S. C. 

Shiloh, No. 1297, Mena, Ark. 

John W. A. Sanford, No. 129S, Clanton, Ala. 

Confederate Veteran. No. 1209, Hearne, Tex. 

W. T. Smith, Xo. 1300, Buford, Ga. 

The next annua! meeting of the U. C. V. is to occur 
at Memphis, May 28, 29, 30, 1901.. 

During September last a Camp was organized at 
Lake Village, Ark., to he called after that gallant and 
popular old veteran. Gen. Daniel H. Reynolds, of that 
locality. Xo man of the "trying times" held a better 
record, and no one since the war has sustained the 
new relation with more patriotic sentiment. This 
Camp will go forward on a firm basis, and will be rep- 
resented at Memphis next spring. The officers elected 
were John Bagley (M.D.), Commander; R. H. Lon- 
don. Vdjutant. The membership is thirty-seven. 

Cam]) Haynes- Jennings, of Stone .Mountain, Va.. 
was named in honor of Maj. Alexander Haynes and 
("apt. William Jennings, two of the brightest lights 
that went from Carroll County to the front in [86l. 
The former was killed at Drewry's Bluff, and the latter 
at Williamsburg while gallantly leading his company 
against the enemy. The annual reunion of the Lamp 
wafa held at Woodlawn on the 14th and 15th of Sep 
tember, w number present, who were ad- 

dressed by Hon. I. W. Rolen. 

The Sam Davis Camp, U. C. V., No. 1280, Los An- 
geles, Cak, w uized in July with twenty-five 
mem! I with Capt. T. W. T. Richards, Com- 
mander; Robert Stewart, £ . Henry S. Orme. 
M.I >.. Surgeon ; John Shirley Ward. Treasurer. 

Tn a comment the Treasurer writes; "The name 
Da vi- .1 for the Camp, perpetuates the name 

of two of the South's greatesl heroes: one the 
unselfish patriot, who died in maintaining his honor; 
the other who wore iron anklets as a vicarious atone- 
ment for the people he loved." 

The Isaac R. Trimble tamp, Xo. 1.025, United I 
federate Veterans, First Brigade, Maryland Division. 
recently held its annual meeting. A line portrait of 
Gen. Trimble was shown by Commander Trippe. It 
is to he reproduced in the r of Gen. Trimble 

now in course of pi election of officers 

resulted as follows: Commander, A . Trippe; 

Lieutenant Commanders: Win! ers, Tames W. 

Denny, Thorn fackall, Nicholas S. Hill; VI, u 

tant, William L. Ritter ; Quartermaster, M. W. Ik 
Surgeon. Dr. John IT. Grimes ; \ssistatit Surge ns. 
Dr. Alexander T. Bell, Dr. James G. Wiltshire, 1 >r. 
Wilbur R McKnew; Chaplains. Rev. H. T. Sharp, 
Rev. W. C. Maloy; Officer of the Da 
Bird; Paymaster, E. Bryson Tucker: Commissary. 
Charles Parkhill; Vidette", John W. Scott; Sergi 

!-. William II. Brent; Color Sergeant, Richard 
T. Knox; Color Guard, Sergeant George C. Minor, 
Corporals Myer J. Block and Edwin Kershaw. 



18 



Qoofederate l/eterar?. 



HOW I KNEW THAT THE WAR WAS OVER. 

BY JOSEPH B. CUMMING, AUGUSTA, GA. 

In April. 1865. I was on the staff of the commander 
in chief, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, of the Army of 
Tennessee. In the reorganization of that army, then 
taking place, I had just been appointed to the com- 
mand of one of the regiments of the new organiza- 
tion, but was still on duty at Gen. Johnston's head- 
quarters. I was one of the three assistant adjutants 
general, and while my duties in the field were the 
same as any other staff officer, my office business was, 
in part, to revise the records of the courts-martial 
held in the army, and to furnish a report on every 
case to the commanding general. 

The army at this time was in and about Smithfield, 
N. C. In the march through South Carolina there 
had been numerous desertions from the ranks among 
the South Carolina troops, who naturally felt that a 
further struggle was hopeless, and saw no reason for 
leaving their homes behind them. This evil in all 
parts of the army was so great that Gen. Johnston, 
always a very strict disciplinarian, was determined to 
deal with it with great severity. Among the cases 
tried by one of the military courts while the army was 
in and about Smithfield was that of a youth, whose 
name I do not recall, who had deserted under these 
circumstances from a South Carolina regiment, but 
had been captured, returned to his regiment, tried, ' 
convicted, and sentenced to be shot. I had revised 
the record and found it technically correct, which was 
my sole duty in reference to it, had made my report 
to Gen. Johnston and received his order, directing 
the execution, the next day, of this young soldier. I 
immediately prepared the order accordingly, and sent 
it down to the command to which he belonged. In a 
little while a delegation of officers of the regiment 
came to Gen. Johnston's headquarters with a petition 
for the commutation or suspension of the sentence. 

At that time most of the army was in motion on 
the march toward Raleigh. Gen, Jo*hnston had not 
actually left his headquarters, but his and his staff's 
horses were all saddled, ready to move. This was 
about the 10th or nth of April. Already there were 
vague rumors throughout the army of 'the disaster 
that had overtaken Lee's army, though Gen. John- 
ston's movement was then for the purpose of effecting 
a junction with Gen. T.ee. The General sat on the 
piazza of a little house, which was his headquarters, 
evidently in deep, anxious thought. He had a way 
when thus preoccupied of jerking his head slowly from 
side !o si^e as. if he had a verv mild case of the palsy. 
We of his staff all knew that it was not well to inter- 
rupt him at such times, but the occasion was such that 
I felt that I must approach him, though I did so with 
much trepidation and many misgivings as to my re- 
ception. I said to him, in e'ffect, that a soldier of the 
regiment, which I designated, had been sentenced to 
be shot the next morning for desertion ; that I had in 
my hand the application of officers of his regiment 
for commutation or suspension of the sentence ; that 
several officers of the regiment had brought it up 
and were in attendance to receive his answer to that 



petition. At the same time I tendered the petition 
to him. He declined to take it, but asked me if I had 
not reviewed the record. When I answered in the 
affirmative, his next question was: "Is not the record 
correct?" To this I also answered that in my opinion 
it was. He then asked: "lias anything new occurred 
since?" I told him : "Not to my knowledge." "Have 
I not. then, ordered the sentence to be carried out?" 
I told him he had. 

At that he became silent, and evidently resumed 
the train of thought which was occupying him when 
I had interrupted him. I stood for some time in his 
immediate presence, hoping that he would say some- 
thing. As he did not, I spoke to him about as fol- 
lows - "General, I beg pardon for interrupting you, 
but this is a matter of life and death. I have not had 
your answer to this petition, and I ought not to as- 
sume the responsibility of giving an answer to the 
officers who brought it, and I beg that you will tell 
me definitely what I shall sav to them." 

He replied with some impatience: "Tell them the 
sentence must be carried out." 

I returned the petition to the officers with that state- 
ment. 

In the course of the afternoon Gen. Johnston and 
his staff followed on after the troops. We bivouacked 
some little time after dark, the General establishing 
himself under a tent fly, and the members of his staff, 
orderlies, couriers, etc., scattering about in different 
places in the immediate neighborhood. Col. Archer 
Anderson, his chief of staff, myself, and two or three 
others took shelter in a little house in the neighbor- 
hood. I lay down on the floor and fell asleep. I was 
very weary, though later in the night and several 
times during the night, when the hardness of the floor 
induced ire to change my position and I awoke for a 
few moments, I noticed that Col. Anderson, seated at 
a table with a dim light, was hard at work over a 
paper. I thought at the time it was a long cipher dis- 
patch that he was deciphering, and, in the state of 
expectation that I shared with all at that time, I 
jumped to the conclusion that it conveyed confirma- 
tion of the rumor that we had been hearing during 
the day. that Lee had surrendered. 

About daylight the next morning I was called by 
an orderly with a message from Gen. Johnston to 
come at once to his tent. I got up immediately ; com- 
pleted my toilet, which consisted in drawing on my 
boots, putting on my hat, and buckling on mv sword, 
and reported to Gen. Johnston. He was walking up 
and down in front of his tent alone. He at once ac- 
costed me, and asked me to whose command the young 
man that I had spoken to him about the dav before 
belonged. I told him in Stewart's Corps, such and 
such a brigade and regiment. He said : "Write an 
order at once to Gen. Stewart to suspend the execu- 
tion until further orders." I always carried with me 
a little tin cylinder in which I had writing; materials. 
I at once sat down and wrote the note to Gen. Stewart. 
In the meanwhile Gen. Johnston had summoned a 
courier, who was right there in the saddle by the time 
I finished my short note. 

The General himself gave him sharp and earnest 
orders to ride with speed to Gen. Stewart's headquar- 
ters and deliver the note. 



Confederate l/eteran. 



19 



Then I knew, was positively certain, that the war 
was over. I knew that Gen. Johnston, on the one 
hand, would not relent so long as there was a neces- 
sity for preserving discipline, and that, on the other 
hand, he would not sacrifice a life unnecessarily. I 
was confident at the moment that he had heard of 
Lee's surrender, that there would be no prolongation 
of the struggle, and that to execute this young man 
was something which the situation no longer required. 

It was characteristic of that great man's mind and 
good heart that the fall of an empire could not so 
occupy them as to exclude from them the relatively 
small matter of the life of one poor private soldier. 

The order reached the command in time to save 
the life of this youth, who may yet be living and pos- 
sibly may read ibis simple narrative. 



ONLY C. S. A. MONUMENT AT GETTYSBURG. 

Mrs. W. M. Robbins, of Gettysburg, Pa., author of 
this poem, dedicates it to "the only Confederate Mon- 
ument at Gettysburg." Her husband is one of the 
battlefield commissioners (Confederate). In closing 

she writes; "I hope the day is not far distant when 
everv Slate whose heroes fell here will mark their 
heroic deeds by monuments." 

Your top should be reaching the sky, 

Proclaiming what you n 
How true men and patriots can die, 
O silent and lone monument. 

You speak of the soldiers in gray. 

Whose pluck, though their numbers were few, 
In triumph so oft won the day. 

And wrested the palm from the hlue. 

The fame of their deeds shall abide 

In the hearts of our pei iplc who dw ell 
In the land at whose mandate they died, 

"The storm-cradled nation that fell." 

But gone are the heroes in gray ; 

They sleep by the heroes in hlue; 
And discord no longer holds sway 

O'er our Union cemented anew. 

As a heart-broken mother who weeps, 
Whin they lay her sweet darling to rest, 

Long after comes back where it sleeps 

And kneeling there whispers, " 'Tis best!" 

So the South, after sorrowful years 
Views the ground where her proud banner fell, 



And. looking to heaven through tears. 
She trustingly whispers: " 'Tis well." 



quite a recent affair. The only modification that the 
American flag has undergone since the origin cot 
in the addition of a new star every time a new State 
is taken into the Union. 

THE ORIGIN OF OUR FLAG. 

Sir John Preswiteh, a baronet of the West of En- 
gland, designed the flag of the United States of Amer- 
ica for John Adams in 1779. which he present & 
Congress, and was accepted in 1782. and was officially 
raised for the first time by John Paul Jones on the 
high sea. 

Mrs. Lou May Long, a daughter-in-law. writes from 
Elmo, Mo., of "the never-lying love of Hardin Long 

vife For the beloved South country through all 
that dark struggle," and adds: "To-day that -ante fire 
burns upon the altar of their hearts. When the line 

drawn between the North and Smith. Hardin 
Long laid bis all at the feet of the Southern Confed- 
He was then the father of eight children, six 
1 -. the eldest scarcely seventeen 
and the youngest an infant. The wife and mother 
bade her husband go in his country's defense, know- 
ing the awful responsibility that would fall upon her 
shoulders as with many other noble Southern women." 
fudge Hardin Long, as he is now called, enlisted 
August, t86i, in the Forty-Second Tennessee Infan- 
try' Later he was with the Third Confederate Cav- 
alry. For a time be was captain, commanding a com- 
pany of the Fort) [ennessee. lie gave up his 
beautiful borne, including nearly all bis worldly effects. 
and , I of five of bis brothers was poured out 
upon Southern soil. After the war Capt. Long moved 
to Johnson County. Mo., boughl a tine farm, and has 
lived there ever since. He has served bis county 
twice as judge. He is now nearly eighty yeajs old, 
and his wife is seventy-five. 



OUR FLAG THE OLDEST. 

Mrs. J. M. Keller sends this from Hot Springs, Ark. : 
All of the principal nations chose ensigns after 
ours. It is not generally known that the star-spangled 
banner of the United States is older than any one of 
the present flags of the European powers, according 
to the Spanish Figaro. It was adopted in 1782 by 
the Congress of the thirteen colonics of North Amer- 
ica, their at war with the mother country. The yel- 
low ami red Spanish Rag came out in 1785 : the French 
tricolor was adopted in 1704 ; the red English emblem, 
with the union jack in the upper corner, dates from 
i8ot; the Sardinian (now the Italian) Hag first flut- 
tered iti 1848: the Awstro-Hungarian flag was one of 
the compromises of 1867: the present German flag 
first appeared in 1871 ; and the Russian tricolor is 



Address of William Blaney Wanted at Washington, 
D. C — E. W. Knott writes from Catskill, N. Y., to the 
Commissioners of Pensions, Washington, D. C, as to 
the whereab mts of William Blaney, who was a 1 
federate soldier, and it is thought that he is in a Con- 
federate Home somewhere. The offices of Veteran 
Camps are solicited to ascertain what can be learned 
about him. An amount of money has been left to 
Comrade Blaney, and it is desired that the estate be 
settled. If he is dead, there may be heirs who would 
be entitled to this money. Address J. M. Caperton, 
tary C. V. A. Association, 431 Eleventh Street, 
N. W., Washington, D. C. 

The Finance Committee of the Memphis reunion, 
through its Chairman, A. B. Pickett, reports splendid 
sentiment in behalf of the undertaking. A careful esti- 
mate has been made of the proportions to be given 
by prominent business men there, and offers reported 
in excess of those amounts have been declined. Such 
spirit insures the easv raising of fifty thousand dollars 
or such part of that' am, unit as may be necessary to 
meet all demands for the reunion. Col. R. B. Snow- 
den, as might have been expected, gives $1,500. '1 he 
next largest amount is Si, 000 by George C. Bennett 
and the "firm of George C. Dennett & Co. 



20 



Confederate l/eterar? 



THE LATE COL WILLIAM M. INGE. 

HIS REMARKABLE MILITARY CAREER — CONFEDERATE. 

When war was inevitable between the States, Col. 
Inge organized a calvary company of one hundred and 
twenty-five men, composed of the chivalry and flower 
of old Tishomingo County, Mies., and he was unan- 
imously elected captain. The members of this com- 
pany were young, faultless horsemen., and they soon 
drilled like regulars. They followed under the lead- 
ership of the intrepid Lieut. Gen. Joseph Wheeler. 
The company, as a special honor, was armed by the 
State with Maynard rifles, which were then very scarce. 
He was so anxious for active service that he offered 
to transfer his men from cavalry to artillery or infan- 
try. He tendered its services to Gov. Pettus when- 
ever there was a prospective plan for getting to the 
front. He finally resigned and joined Capt. Cram's 
Sardis Blues, of the Twelfth Mississippi Infantry, as 
a private. At Union City this regiment was organized" 
with Richard Griffith (of Jackson) as colonel, W. H. 
Taylor (of Jackson), lieutenant colonel, and John Din- 
kins (of Sardis) as major. Private Inge was made 
adjutant of the regiment. This unexpected honor was 
attribute to the fact that he had spent some time at 
West Point, and was most efficient for the position. 

The Twelfth Mississippi reached the Manassas bat- 
tlefield just in time to go quickly into the fight. Col. 
Griffith was adjutant of Col. Jefferson Davis's Regi- 
ment in the Mexican war. President Davis was at 
Manassas Junction, and rode to the front with Col. 
Griffith. Griffith afterwards was promoted to briga- 
dier general, when he appointed Inge his adjutant 
general. 

Col. Inge remained with Gen. Griffith until the 
General fell, mortally wounded, ll the opening of the 
battle of Savage Station. In that crisis Col. Inge 
sprang from his horse and took the General in his 
arms as he fell. Asking the nature of his wound, and 
being told that it was fatal, he then said: "If I only 
could have led my brigade through this battle, I would 
have died satisfied." 

In his death he was surrounded by all of his staff 
save Adjt. Gen. Inge, who was compelled to remain 
with the brigade under Col. Barksdale, the senior colo- 
nel, who assumed command of it. He was soon pro- 
moted, and was assigned to that command. Gen. 
Barksdale was killed while leading his brigade in a 
dauntless charge at Gettysburg. 

Late in the evening, during the battle of Savage 
Station, Gen. McGruder's personal staff being absent 
on duty, he asked if any officer present would volun- 
teer to deliver a message to Gen. Humphreys, and 
Col. Inge at once offered his services. He dashed 
down the line of battle under heavy fire, and deliv- 
ered the message to Gen. Humphreys, who said : "You 
must accompany us." The Colonel did not expect that 
additional hazard, but went with Gen. Humphreys in 
their perilous advance. Before going one hundred yards 
they were subjected to a heavy fire, and the Federal 
line of battle was beginning to yield before the deadly 
fire of the gallant Mississippians when a man, dressed 
in a Confederate uniform, dashed up to Gen. Hum- 
phreys and ordered him to "cease firing," that he was 



killing his friends. The old general responded : "Move 
them from my front, and let them cease firing upon 
my men, and I will consider your proposition." So 
the regiment kept advancing and firing until the ene- 
my was driven across the creek. In the meantime 
rumor had readied Gen. Barksdale that Gen. Hum- 
phreys had fired into a Confederate regiment and killed 
sixty of its members. Gen. Barksdale was so annoyed 
at this that he went with some of his officers to inves- 
tigate the matter, and found that the sixty dead were 
Federals. 

That night after dark Col. Inge set out to find Gen. 
Barksdale's headquarters. He missed his way, and 
while in this perplexing altitude he met his friend, 
Maj. McLaws, chief quartermaster of Maj. Gen. Mc- 
Laws's Division, who was also lost. In trying to find 
their respective commands they crossed the creek on 
a bridge, when to their utter dismay they found them- 
selves in the midst of the Federal army. After a whis- 
pered consultation they determined to recross the 
bridge if possible. As they neared that point Maj. 
McLaws asked the sentry if the ambulance had yet 
arrived. This inquiry and the fearless manner in which 
it was asked disarmed the sentry of any lingering 
doubt, so he replied: "No; I am afraid they will get 
the General yet. Let us move across the bridge and 
prevent the capture of his remains." It is needless to 
say they moved on. Without halt or detention they 
passed over the bridge, and galloped away in the dark- 
ness. 

Col. Inge remained with the Mississippi brigade, 
sharing its honor and danger, until after the battle of 
Malvern Hill, Va., one of the fiercest battles of the 
war. 

In a charge the Mississippi brigade lost about thir- 
teen hundred men. killed and wounded. Col. Inge's 
horse was killed while he was preparing to mount for 
the combat. It was at the close of this battle that 
Col. Inge was promoted to the title he afterwards bore. 
He was ordered back to Mississippi to organize 
Baxter's and Warren's battalions of cavalry into a 
regiment, and assume command of them. It is a 
noticeable coincidence that the cavalry company he 
first organized came under his command, and the reg- 
iment became the Twelfth Mississippi Cavalry. Capt. 
John B. Hyneman commanded the company, and it 
had fully met the expectations of its friends. It is un- 
derstood that before leaving Virginia Col. Inge was 
offered command of the cavalry under Gen. Mc- 
Gruder, with rank oi brigadier general. He declined 
the appointment, as he objected to crossing the Mis- 
sissippi river. 

At the .battle of Colliersville, Tenn., Col. Inge ad- 
vanced with his regiment rapidly to a Federal stockade 
on the Memphis and Charleston railroad, and while 
they were engaged with the enemy in the stockade a ' 
train approached from the west. Col. Inge was much 
surprised at this, as he had been informed that the 
bridges between Memphis and Collierville had been 
burned. This train contained Gen. W. T. Sherman 
and the First Regiment of United States Regulars. 
They retreated under a heavy and galling fire. Thirty- 
two men in his regiment were killed and wounded. 
The next day they fought at Moscow and Wyatt, 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



21 



on the Tallahatchie river. In this engagement Col. 
Inge's regiment was in a spirited fight, and lost con- 
siderably'in killed and wounded. After these engage- 
ments he joined Gen. J. R. Chalmers. 

Col. Inge's regiment was a part of the force that 
conducted Gen. N. B. Forrest safely into Saulsbury, 
Tenn. Gen. Forrest then proceeded to Bolivar, Jack- 
son, and other places, when he organized his famous 
cavalry command. Col. Inge was with Gen. Forrest's 
command when he captured Streight at Rome, Ga., 
but was ordered to join the army under Gen. Joseph 
E. Johnston at Resaca, Ga., and arrived in time to 
take part in that severe battle just as Gen. W. F. 
Tucker was severely wounded. He followed the for- 
tunes of the Army of Georgia from that point to At- 
lanta, engaging in its many conflicts. The night be- 
fore the battle of June 22 Gen. Furgeson's Brigade 
marched all night, reaching West Point, Ga., at early 
dawn, and were immediately ordered into the fight. 
In about four hours they, together with the other at- 
tacking Confederate forces, drove the enemy from its 
stronghold, and held pi issessii m of \\ est Point. 

When Sherman marched from Atlanta to Savannah 
Col. Inge was with the forces that hung on the flanks 
day and night, fighting continuously. Later he 
crossed the river into South Carolina, when his bri- 
gade (Furgeson's) became a part of Gen. Hardee's 
corps. 

Gen. Hardee recommended Col. Inge to the War 
Department as a suitable officer to take charge of a 
partisan command, and the Secretary of War issued to 
him authority to organize a regiment of the supernu- 
merary officers of the army, and directed him to estab- 
lish his headquarters at Macon, Ga. 1 le was progress- 
ing finely with his work, and had collected in a sh 
time one hundred men, when the end came. At that 
time Col. Inge was on picket duty, with a portion of 
his command near Macon, where he had been sent 
undei special orders by Gen. Cobb, who was in com- 
mand of the forces at Macon, to scout and picket the 
road, and give him prompt information regarding the 
approach of Gen. Wilson. The day of his arrival at 
Double Bridges, late in the evening, lie was approached 
by a flag of truce. It was borne b) < apt, fngate, who 
stated to Col. Inge that the war was at an end, and 
gave him orders from Gen. Cobb to return to Macon, 
and if he intercepted the Federal army not to fire, or 
make any -how of resistance whatever. He mounted 
his command quietly, and obeyed the order.' When 
the road he was traveling intersected the one leading 
to Columbus, they met Gen. Minty's command of Wil- 
son's Division, and spent the night. When the General 
learned that this command was composed entirclv of 
officers, he treated them with marked courtesy. The 
next morning they reached Macon, and were paroled. 

Col. Inge had confronted Gen. Wilson's command 
a few days previous at Selnia, Ala. The Colonel was 
then on his way to Corinth on furlough. Upon the 
approach of Gen. Wilson's command Gen. Dick Tay- 
lor placed Col. Inge in charge of the old, infirm men 
and hoys, and ordered him to take his position in the 
trenches. The Federals galloped over his command 
without halting, and soon dispersed Gen. Forrest's 
1 'avalrv. 



Col. Inge made his escape after Gen. Forrest and his 
escort left the city by swimming the Alabama river, 
which at that time was much swollen. Reaching the 
other bank, he procured a mule, and was but a short 
distance in advance of the Federal army when he 
reached Montgomery, Ala. Here a citizen kindly gave 
him a fresh horse, and he resumed his journey toward 
Columbus, Ga., with a squad of Confederate soldiers. 
So closely were they pressed that the enemy fired upon 
them as they entered the town. The citizens kindly 
gave them something to eat, and Col. Inge pressed 
on rapidly and joined his command at Macon. 

Col. Inge received but one furlough during the en- 
tire war. This was in April, 1862, and when he reached 
his home he found it occupied by Gen. Albert Sidney 
Johnston as his headquarters, and his army was pre- 
paring to move on to Shiloh. Gen. Johnston offered 
him a place on his staff for this battle, which occurred 
three days later, but he preferred and accepted a place 
on Gen. Clark's staff. Spending only one night with 
his wife and children, he proceeded to Shiloh. 

In the first part of the battle Col. Inge was riding 
a very spirited horse, which, upon receiving a wound 
in the neck, became unmanageable, and was bearing 
his rider straight to the Federal line. As Col. Inge 
did not desire to make the charge alone, he quickly 
dismounted, the horse jerked loose and never paused 
until he dashed through the Federal lines. The Colo- 
nel was then between the lines. Securing the horse 
from which Adjt. Harris, of Tennessee, had just been 
shot, he mounted and tried to join Gen. Clark, but 
this gallant hero had just fallen, severely .wounded, 
and was carried from the field of battle. While he was 
looking for the commanding officer he met Col. W. 
H. Haynes, of Gen. Clark's staff, and Col. Breckin- 
ridge. By this time the Federal army had been 
pushed back to Sheltering Bluffs, on the Tennessee 
river, and the" three pressed on to the river. While 
prone upon the ground watching the enemy's move- 
ments, they were fired upon at close range. Col. 
Haynes's eve was shot out, the blood spurted forth, and 
he was thought to be mortally wounded. Maj. Breck- 
inridge carried him across the ravine, Col. Inge leading 
the horses. \n ambulance was procured, which car- 
ried him to the rear. It was nearly nightfall when our 
advance picket lines were reached. Running by some 
Yankee tents. Col. Inge saw in one a good cot, plenty 
to eat for himself and horse, and, after refreshing man 
and beast, he lay down upon the cot tired out with 
the duties of the past day, never dreaming of the 
dread issue so near at hand. He was rudely awakened 
in the dull gray of the early dawn by the rapid fire 
upon the pickets by the advancing Federals. He 
mounted and remained with the rear of the army, 
which was slowly and sullenly retreating like a wound- 
ed lion. About three o'clock, he returned to his old 
homestead in Corinth. When Gen. Johnston left Cor- 
inth he remarked : "I will water my horse in the Ten- 
nessee river to-morrow night, or die in the attempt." 

This intrepid hero did not slake his horse's thirst in 
the bright waters of the Tennessee, but came back to 
his old headquarters upon a rudely constructed bier. 
where Mrs. T. A. Inge tenderly wrapped his body in 
the insignia of the Confederacy, the "Stars and Bars." 



22 



Confederate l/eterai). 



This was the last honor shown the dead hero. He lay 
in state for several hours in the parlor of this home, 
and his comra ' with tear-dimmed eyes to look 




COL. AND MRS. INGE. 



upon all that was mortal, the pulseless form of him 
thev loved so well. If Gen. Johnston had lived but 
three hours longer, the result of this battle would have 
been differently written, and the eagles of victory 
would have perched upon tne banner of the Confed- 
eracy. 

Mrs. Inge ministered to the wounded in the hos- 
pital at Corinth, and with her own fingers closed the 
white eyelids and received the dying blessing of many 
a poor thankful soldier. This grand woman of the 
Confederacy and her noble husband still live in the 
little village of Corinth, surrounded by a people who 
honor and revere them, and are loved by them in re- 
turn. In 1882 Col. Inge was a member of the Mis- 
sissippi Legislature. In 1884 he was elected Speaker 
of the House. He is in his sixty-eighth year, and is 
waiting the command of the great Leader to pass over 
and join the grand army of heroes who have gone 
before, and when the order is given he will move 
across the river and rest with the blessed of the South- 
ern Confederacy. 



CAMPAIGNING IN KENTUCKY. 

Col. Philip B Spence continues the reminiscences 
from the November Veteran: 

I found officers and men in high spirits. Gen. Kirby 
Smith had entered Kentucky near Cumberland Gap, 
and had gained a great victory over Gen. Nelson at 
Richmond, capturing more than five thousand prison- 
ers, all of his wagon train and supplies, and most of 
his artillery. This news reached Bragg's army while 
at Sparta, en route, adding to the already high spirits 
of that grand body of men. The morale of the army 
was almost perfect while marching into Kentucky. 
No depredations were committed, not even pulling an 
apple or peach, while orchards were loaded with deli- 
cious ripe fruit. This was Gen. Bragg's discipline. 



A few 'lays after I joined the command the defeat of 
Gen. Chalmers, at Munfordville, threw a little gloom 
over the camp, but this was changed on the tjth when 
Munfordville, with more than four thousand prison- 
ers, surrendered to Gen. Bragg, Gen. Buckner receiv- 
ing the surrender, a courtesy paid to the ranking offi- 
cer from Kentucky with the Army of Mississippi. I 
shall never forget the grand sight on that bright Sep- 
tember morning, when over four thousand well-dressed 
Federal soldiers, with shining muskets and the beau- 
tiful stars and stripes, formed line, and at the com- 
mand, '.'Ground arms!" every Hag and musket went 
down at the same moment in front of the Confederates. 
It ; s not my purpose here to attempt to follow the 
marching and countermarching of the army on this 
campaign, but to give a few personal recollections. 
Gen. Bragg become the Commander of Department 
No. 2, the Arm\' of Mississippi, and Gen. Smith's 
Army of Kentucky, about 52,000 men of all arms. 
Gen. Polk assumed the command of the Army of Mis- 
sissippi. Ccn. Cheatham being placed in charge of the 
right wing. 

About the 20th the Army of Mississippi withdrew 
from Glasgow and Munfordville, marching to Bards- 
town and thence to Springfield, Harrodsburg, Dan- 
ville, Perryville. Gen. Buell, from his base at Louis- 
ville, with three corps, McCook's, Crittenden's, and 
Gilbert's, 58,000 strong, was following and ready to 
give battle at any time. Gen. Bragg evidently thought 
that Buell's intentions were to advance on Frankfort, 
for he detached Withers's Division, the largest in that 
army, and ordered it to report to Gen. Smith. The 
withdrawal of this division left the Army of Missis- 
sippi with 16,000 infantry and Wheeler's and Whar- 
ton's Cavalry. With these commands Gen. Polk 
fought and won the battle of Perryville, October 8, 
1862. Gen. Smith, with the larger part of Gen. Bragg's 
army, 36,000 men, was not near enough to reenforce 
Gen. Polk at Perryville, and he was obliged to give up 
the battlefield, so gloriously won over a greatly supe- 
rior force. The battle began about 2 p.m. by Cheat- 
ham making a vigorous attack upon McCook. The 
whole Confederate line was soon hotly engaged, and 
the enemy was driven from his first positions. Jack- 
son's Division of McCook's Corps was almost de- 
stroyed, and the gallant, handsome commander killed. 
During the battle I was sent to Gen. Wharton with 
orders. This fighting Texan was on the extreme 
right, watching for an opportunity to charge. The 
battle was fought on the high ground on the banks 
of Chaplin's Creek and Doctor's Fork, in an open 
country. The magnificent view from Wharton's posi- 
tion could not be equaled. Both armies were in full 
view. The whole raging battle, the firing of artillery 
and infantry, the waving of flags, our advancing lines, 
the enemy slowly giving way, their officers rallying 
and encouraging the men could all be seen from 
Wharton's position. I remained as long as I could, 
spellbound at this grand sight, hoping to join in the 
charge with Wharton's Texans. My duties, however, 
called me back to my general before an opportunity 
was presented. 

There were many instances of personal heroism at 
the battle of Perryville on both sides, which have been 



Confederate l/eterao 



23 



published in the reports of the officers engaged. 
The battle continued into the night. Friends and foes 
were badly mixed up at times, officers giving com- 
mands to the enemy, Federal officers coming into the 
Confederate lines. ' One of them asked : "What the 

d is all this cheering about?" When answered 

over the victory we had gained, the reply that they 
had seen no victory identified them as Yankees. Gen. 
Polk had a narrow escape. All of his staff were ab- 
sent on different messages, and, seeing a line which 
he took for Confederates firing upon our line, he rode 
rapidlv in person to the colonel of the regiment, asking 
him what he meant by shooting his friends, and or- 
dered him to cease firing, and asking what regiment it 
was. The officer gave the number of a Yankee regi- 
ment, and said he did not think there could be any mis- 
take, at the same time asking the commander who 
he was. Gen. Polk then realized the close place he 
was in, and saved himself by his coolness and presence 
of mind He rep'ied to the Federal thai he had just 
left the line, and in angry tones and shaking his fist in 
the colonel's face, said, "I'll soon show you who I 
am ; cease firing at once," and, turning, rode down the 
lines giving the command to the Federal soldiers to 
"cease firing!" He expected every moment that he 
would lie filled with Minie hall:.. Getting hack to the 
nearest Confederate colonel, he said to him: "I have 
reconnoitered those fellows pretty closely, and there 
is no mistake as to who they are ; you may get up and 
go for them." And that line of Yankees was soon 
destroyed. 

1 i( ii Polk withdrew from Perryville on the 9th, not 
being strong enough to renew the attack' on Buell, 
who had a much larger army, and Gen. Smith was not 
in striking distance. The Kentucky campaign had 
failed of its object, and a retreat was ordered. 

On October 13 Gen. Polk, with the Army of Mis- 
sissippi, and Gen. Smith, with the Army of Kentucky 
and long trains of captured stores, commenced the 
retreat via London and Cumberland Gap for East 
Tennessee. The Federal prisoners were paroled at 
Harrodshurg. Years after the war T spent the sum- 
mer at a northern resort with one of these officers, Maj. 
F. J., of Ohio. We talked ever different campaigns, 
neither remembering of ever having met before 
Some time afterwards, however, in looking over old 
army papers, he found a parole signed by the writer, 
Assistant Inspector General, Army of Mississippi. 

The march from Kentucky was a hard one. the ene- 
my following, skirmishing with our rear guard as far 
as London. No matter how hard the march and the 
suffering, old soldiers never let an opportunity pass to 
have fun at the expense of others. Gen. Polk would 
stop to make little encouraging talks when the boys 
were resting on the roadside, that would cheer him 
as he passed. On one of these occasions, after he had 
finished, a fine-looking, sunburned veteran, who had 
seen much service and hard fighting, was sitting on 
the fence, and called out, "General, don't you think 
it would he a heap better if our faces were turned 
toward that firing we hear in the rear?" alluding to 
the skirmishing with our rear guard, under Gens. 
Wheeler, Wharton, and Morgan. This created a laugh 
amongst these old soldiers, always willing to go for- 



ward, but never willing to retreat. Gen. Polk made 
no reply. He doubtless hated the retreat from Ken- 
tucky more than any soldier in that grand army. 

At London Gen. Bragg turned over the command 
of the army to Gen. Polk, and he proceeded direct to 
Richmond. After the Armies of Kentucky and Mis- 
sissippi united at Bryansville, they were quite as 
strong as Buell. Why battle was not offered by 
Gen. Bragg is not known. When Gen. Bragg returned 
from Richmond to Knoxville, and assumed command. 
Gen. Polk was ordered to report to President Davis. 
Gen. Smith had assumed command of his department. 
East Tennessee. About November 1 Gen. Bragg 
transferred the Army of Mississippi to Murfreesboro. 
Gen. Breckinridge having preceded him. It should 
have been stated a hove that when we started into Ken- 
tucky it was thought that the Kentuckians would (lock 
to Gen. Buckncr, and increase our army to 100,000. 
The "lighting Kentuckians" failed to enlist. It was 
a common expression in the army: "Wait until Breck- 
inridge cume.s." Breckinridge never got into Ken- 
tucky. We met him between Cumberland Gap and 
Knoxville. Gen. Folk rejoined the army at Mur- 
freesboro about November 1, having been promoted 
to the rank of lieutenant general. I was gratified 
to receive through him a commission promoting me 
to a higher rank. 



TRUEST, BRAVEST, AND BEST. 
J. II. Brunner, Hiwassee College, Tennessee: 
The more Sam Davis is studied the more sublime 
becomes his heroism. The value of such an example 
is exceedingly great. It a brighter one is on record 
anywhere, I have failed to find it in a course of read- 
ing extending over more than sixty years. Hence my 
versified tribute to his memory: 

Go, call the men who fought 

In '61 to '65, 
And have them stand in ranks, when brought, 

As soldiers still alive! 

I mean the Southern band 

mi Southern rights, 
Defenders of their native land 
In many bloody fights. 

The great commanders place 

In long-extended line, 
Distinguished iron, in form and grace — 

They stir this heart of mine! 

Subalterns, too, a host 

Well worthy of renown. 
And common men. who, at their post, 

Con a frown. 

Then call the women, too. 
The best the world lias seen: 

tnd maid, and sweetheart who 
Entranced some heart as queen. 

To all thus placed in line 
te be cast 
For one whose valor did outshine. 
In conflict now o'crpast. 

Returns would show. T « 

Opf name would lead the re«t : 
Sam Davis, lunged heav'n and earth between, 

Was truest, bravest, best 



^4 



Confederate l/eterao. 




AFLOAT- AFIELD AFLOAT. 
Notable Events of the Civil War. 

BV GEORGE S. WATERMAN. 

THE HEROINE block- 
ade runner came to, fly- 
ing her signals Wednes- 
day night, and when Ba- 
ker and I went aboard we 
met a "blessed company," 
a "goodly fellowship" of the dead and wounded who 
were being conveyed to Mobile. This brave, daunt- 
less vessel had long served as a missioner of mercy. 
We set about making ourselves as comfortable as pos- 
sible, even sticking the deck with our knives to find 
out that proverbial "soft plank" which the sea tales 
discourse of so eloquently humorous. I only regret- 
ted that during my furlough I had not come in contact 
with Capt. Joseph Fry, who won so much credit for his 
masterly handling of the Morgan, sole survivor of our 
little fleet of four gunboats under Admiral Buchanan, 
during the previous summer in the lower bay of Mobile. 
While the Heroine skimmed the seas Wednesday 
night (April 5) the invalids looked out upon the scene 
with some complacency, for the enemy worked day in 
and day out, and his workmen had all the light they 
wanted. The bombardment unceasing, untiring, dom- 
inated the horizon, each Federal division "collabora- 
ting" for the volume of the siege. The waters did not 
quake under us, as did the made-land grounds of Span- 
ish Fort, where we burrowed in the earth; but though 
we lost sight of the fiery curves athwart the heavens, 
we heard the angry voices of battle. 1 venture to say 
that "saving and excepting" the bombardment of Fort 
Fisher, the height of proficiency of the besieger's art 
was reached in this crowning close, this siege of Mobile. 
As I turned over on the deck of the Heroine to preempt 
a little softer, downier plank, I watched breathlessly for 
the Bay Minette batteries to open on our boat. But 
she had "chanced" the hazards of shoals and batteries 
before, and now addressed herself businesslike to run 
the gantlet, swift and audacious as ever. 
# At nine o'clock tattoo sounded ; and taps beaten 
later. Silence reigned throughout the garrison, 
and aboard the Heroine the men slept, rest- 
ing their heads against hatch combings and railings, 
peacefully dreaming of home, friends, and loved ones, 
many of whom they would never see again. What vi- 
sions were theirs, these gallant men of the heroic gar- 
rison ! Who can tell? One who has been a soldier 
can picture closely the dreams of some of them lying 
there upon the hard deck seriously wounded on the 
fifth night of this memorable siege, and but four nights 
prior to the evacuation. Back to their homes scores of 
them would never march ; yet in their dreams they 
were there, and who can say they were not happy? 
The night was intensely dark, the smoldering camp 
fires breaking the gloom by fits and starts. Clouds 
began to break, it is true, but the stars peeped out 
suspectfully. The mate passed by, lantern in hand, 
saying: "Boys. I don't like the looks of the sky. 
Trouble's ahead. Before two hours you may see in 
all its reality something of our life in blockade-run- 
ning. But we shall head north fo- Blakely and Mo- 
bile." 



At ten o'clock all lights were covered and the lines 
cast off. We steamed cautiously northward till 10:30. 
No lights ! no lights ! "Not even a pipe !" Tarpaulins 
covering the engine room hatchways made that region 
almost unbearable for engineers, firemen, and coal- 
heavers. It was absolutely imperative that not a glim- 
mer of light should appear. The binnacle must cover 
up its head, and the steersman must squint through 
the aperture of the canvas chimney, which reaches al- 
most up to his eyes, to see as much of the compass as 
he can, and make his way part of the time by faith. 
The very engine strokes and beat of the paddles seemed 
distressingly loud in the calm of the night. All hands 
on deck crouch behind the railings. The captain and 
pilot stride the bridge, prying into the darkness, their 
eyes peeling. The pilot now whispers so sharp that I 
hear him down on my "soft plank :" "Better get a cast 
of the lead, captain." A muttered order down the 
engine room tube was the captain's reply, and the 
- Heroine slowed down. It was an anxious moment 
while a dim figure stole into the fore chains, for there 
is always danger of steam blowing off when engines 
are unexpectedly stopped, and that would betray our 
presence for miles around. In a minute or two came 
back the report : "Two fathoms, sandy bottom with 
black specks." "Not so far out as I thought, captain. 
W r e're too far in to the east." 

The Heroine now "ports" two points and speeds 
a little faster. But another sounding is called for and 
this time the pilot is satisfied, and whispers, "Star- 
board, go ahead easy," and now my heart throbs, 
dittoing to the engine and the paddles, and as we creep 
on not a sound is heard but the regular beat of the 
paddles, still dangerously loud in spite of our snail's 
pace. We're off Minette ; there is one of the bat- 
teries off the starboard bow. The pilot reassuringly 
says : "All right, captain ; starboard, starboard it is — 
steady!" It is the Federal breastworks. Though we 
were within twelve hundred yards, we were not dis- 
covered. The dubious look of things puzzles the stars 
and makes them tuck their little eyes under the cloudy 
pillows. The saucy Heroine knows she's in for it 
soon. Through the tube our captain orders the en- 
gineer: "Full speed; give her all the steam she can 
carry safe !" "All right, captain." 

It was now time to make the run under forced 
draught* Pointing her sharp nose into the teeth of 
the wind, the Heroine passes the batteries with a 
rush, her wheels beating a devil's tattoo as they 
plow up the green water. All at once there is a 
flash, followed by a shell whizzing over our heads. 
The warning shell comes first. The Minette folks are 
up in arms, and now, as we fly north for Blakely, the 
fireworks begin to play. Clippity clip ! That shot 
grazes a stay and makes it sing. The vials of Uncle 
Samuel's wrath burst forth so long before his break- 
fast hour. The sky is scored and blistered with the 
shells and balls; the heavens shine like the ceiling of a 
circus tent blazing, and the band playing to drown the 
growling of the animals, and the crack of the ringmas- 
ter's whip urges the flying horses and their riders. The 
time seems long, yet we are only counting the sec- 
onds. The pilot and the captain stand game — are real- 
lv enjoying the procession — even smiling as the waters 
of the river hiss with the plunging of expired missiles. 



Qopfederate Vetera^, y y CO oK, 2 5 



The compass is fairly fastened as the steersman squints 
through the dark hood's tiny aperture, and the boat 
holds her own, gaining as the seconds roll on. Scores 
of shot and shell blaze fiercely, but they merely serve 
to keep the flies off the Heroine. The pilot first sees 
the limit, and then puts a piece of "navy" into his port 
cheek and merely remarks : "Captain, we ain't in any 
more dangvr now from sparks from Minette batter- 
ies than a maiden of two-and-forty summers." 

This was a moment of glorious delight and venture 
to me on that "soft plank." Shot and shelll showered 
upon us so thick and fast, and we were so wrapped up 
in the grandeur of the scene, that we were in reality 
unconscious of danger, and gave no thought for safety. 
Only those who faced a like terribly concentrated fire, 
or who witnessed it, can have the faintest idea of its 
awfulness. Luck did favor us. 

Little Blakely, peaceful port of entry, we hail your 
friendly shelter, while the sick and wounded of Mobile 
and her defenders bless the gallant little missioner of 
relief — the brave skimmer. Heroine of the seas! 

I was now removed to the hospitable home of Col. 
James Hagan, em Church Street. Though more than 
thirty years have run by since the last spring of the 
civil war. I still recall the care and attention of Mrs. 
Col. Hagan and the ladies of Mobile. The Colonel 
has been alone in the old Church Street mansion, his 
wife dying five years ago, and he endeavors (still the 
soldierly character) to post up in the events 
of the recent Spanish war, which is the third lie 
has "contemporated ;" and J cite in this connection a 
letter from his old commander of the cavalry o 
who writes me from his seal in Congress, a repre- 
sentative of Alabama — Joe Wheeler: 

Col. James Hagan served with dlst is a young man 

in tin- Mexican war. When I took command of the calvarv 
corps oi the Western ami\ lie was colonel of the third Ala- 
bama cavalry, in reorganizing the cavalry I placed him in 
command oi a brigade, which lie led in manj battles with 
great valor an,! skill, lie was particularly distinguished in 
the Kentucky campaign, in the battle ol Perrj i [lie, ( Ictober 8, 
i so j. lie also served in tin' battles oi Murfreesboro,Tullahoma, 
Chickamauga, and in all the battles during Shefman's cam- 
paigns in Georgia and the Carolina*. He was brave to a fault, 
and his soldier-- took pride in calling him the"Harr\ Hotspui " 
ol tin cavalry corps. I saw- him wounded in an engagement 
near Kingston in November, 1863, 01,1 again in a fighl in Norih 
Carolina in March. [865. lie was a true soldier and noble gen- 
tleman 



So our pretty little townlet Blakely dropped a re- 
sponsive tear over Richmond, the Confederate capital. 
although the latter had fallen into Federal hands sev- 
eral days previous. Gen. Lee met Gen. ( .rant "on the 
old stage road to Richmond." and on the qth of April 
the surrender of the glorious Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia took place. Mobile too "yielded to the force of 
an imperious custom" three days la 

ft was on the 12th of April, 1865, below the 
that his honor. Mayor R. 11. Slough, accompanied 
by several aldermen and prominent citizens, and fly- 
ing a while flag, surrendered Mobile to the advancing 
"( Mir city," said the Mayor, "has been evacu- 
ated by the military authorities, and the municipal gov- 
ernment is now in my control. Your demand has been 
grant I. and I trust, for the sake of humanity, that all 
the s f^.Tiards we can extend to our people may be 
secy/- ' .0 them." 



The unfinished lll0^dirPru K n^lrre L aT'itf Tusca- 
loosa, were sunk as soon as the fall of Mobile was 
deemed imminent. This was done in the main chan- 
nel of the Mobile river, but proved unavailing against 
the Federal fleet, which entered through the Apalachee, 
Blakely, and Tensas rivers, and anchored with their 
guns bearing upon the city. 

I had left the hospitable mansion of Col. and Alts. 
Hagan, and was ready to embark far away up North 
in the fleet of Commodore Farrand. Of course all 
naval officers in Mobile could guess pretty well wheth- 
er "sell. M.l \vas going to keep on next quarter." For 
the heroic city was virtually ton the evening of April 
11) in the hands of the victorious Federals. We were 
bound with all our vessels and material up the Ala- 
Rut the fall of Selma, the greatest naval center 
of the Confederacy, with its foundries, arsenals, and 
ship yard, had occurred on the 2d of April. This as- 
sault and capture was made by the tremendous force 
of cavalry under Maj. Geri. Wilson. We reached 
Demopolis, on the Black Warrior, and then were com- 
pelled to return to Nanna Hubba Bluff, on the Tom- 
bigbee. It was on our way up. early on the 12th of 
April, that our fleet passed old Fort Stoddert. 

This Fort Stoddert, on the Alabama, is now obliter- 
ated from maps and fort and post lists of the War De- 
partment. It was made famous in the days of Aaron 
Burr, now more than ninety years ago. This early 
ionisl endeai >red to carve an empire for him- 
self out of a slice of the Mississippi Valley and all or 
parts of Mexico. He had escaped from Natchez, but 
was captured and brought here for safe-keeping, and 
was taken hence to Richmond, Va., on the charge of 
treason. This celebrated trial ended with acquittal 
under Luther Martin's skillful defense of Burr. Chief 
Justice Marshall presided, and William Win repre- 
vernment. Few people remember that 
a popular "piece" ; n the school "Speakers" and "Read- 

Wirt's -i" 
Wirt apostrophizes 1 lennan Blennerhasset, "Who then 
was Blennerh ight in the wife, "min- 

gling her tears with the Ohio, that froze as they fell." 
This couple, it w.i- i victims of Burr. 

To the United States army to-day Fort Stoddert 
marks the last resting p tim Kirbv. a revo- 

lutionary : Connecticut, who is ancestor "of 




KK11M RESULTS OF T11K slultH AT GALVESTON, 



2G 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



all the 'Kirbys.' " This Kirby was a commissioner 
under President Jefferson, who warmly appreciated 
his civic virtues and heroism in the war of the revo- 
lution. From my earliest years I had heard and read 
of this eminent man as an ancestor, and so it was with 
heightened emotion that 1 gazed on the ruined fort 
while Commodore Farrand's fleet swept by in retreat 
up the Alabama, and I recalled the arduous years of 
high public service that ended here in this remote spot 
of the great Southwest of his day and generation. He 
was a true American ; born down East in Connecticut, 
and served his country from there to this very South- 
west territory. It was his fortune to bear to his grave 
thirteen wounds from nineteen engagements; to have 
been in the Bunker Hill fight in his eighteenth year; 
and, crowning glory of all, he was under Washington 
himself at the peerless crossing of the Delaware river 
on Christmas eve of 1876, and then on to Princeton! 
Left for dead upon the field of Germantown, his head 
being hacked by Hessian hirelings, he won the medal 
of the Society of the Cincinnati, and this it was that 
gave him his military funeral at this old dismantled fort 
where he lies buried. 

lint 1 am in the fleet, a lively unit. This naval ag- 
gregation began to steam as the domes and spires were 
shining with the gleams of parting day, and the waters 
of the Mobile glistened at prow or stern as each craft 
hastened to its proper position. The river was quite 
full, and rising; its current swift and strong. Our lit- 
tle fleet consisted of the Nashville, Lieut. Bennett, with 
crews from the abandoned Huntsville and Tuscaloosa; 
the Morgan, Lieut. Joseph Fry; the Baltic, Acting 
Master's Mate, J. H. Hunt; with the naval transports 
Black Diamond and Southern Republic, under com- 
mand of Lieuts. Julian Myers and P. U.- Murphy, with 
former crew of the Gaines. The Southern Republic 
was the famous "three-story house" figuring in Dr. 
Russell, LL.D.'s accounts of the civil war for the Lon- 
don Times — 

" I see, I see; it is the famous LL.D." 

We niet at the Bluff our dear old friend the Heroine, 
Red Gauntlet, Mary, Virgin — blockade runners — the 
latter vessel was within seven years to be known to 
fame as Virginia, becoming the celebrated Virginius 
with her fourth and last master [our present (1865) 
captain of the Morgan]. Joseph Fry, who was cap- 
tured by the Spanish war steamer, Tornado, and, with 
man)' others, shot at Santiago de Cuba by the author- 
ities November 7, 1873. 

It was while blockaded ourselves in the bay of Nan- 
na Hubba Bluff that we gathered news from the fast- 
dissolving scene of war — from Virginia and the Caro- 
linas. At Gen. Lee's surrender, April 9, 1865, and 
from the earliest history of warfare, horses had been 
held contraband of war, the property of the victor. 
But the closing days of the civil war were to show a 
"new wrinkle" for the age. hi the terms of the sur- 
render of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomat- 
tox Courthouse no mention is made of enlisted men's 
horses — cavalry and artillery — only the officers' private 
horses being recognized. On explanation by Gen. 
Lee that many of our enlisted men owned their mounts 
(horses and some mules), the victor replied that no 
change in the writing would appear, but that the offi- 



cers conducting the parole would be given instruction 
to render to each man the mule or horse claimed as 
private property. Said Gen. Grant: "They will need 
them for the spring plowing." The terms of surrender 
extended by Gen. Sherman to Gen. Joseph E. John- 
ston were annulled- by President Johnson, Secretary 
Stanton going so far as to put the commander in chief 
in possession of nine points of disapproval. Thereupon 
Gen. Grant was ordered by President Johnson to con- 
duct the surrender of Gen. Johnston's army in person, 
but he remained in the background out of deference 
and comradeship with Gen. Sherman, who accom- 
plished all in person. Gen. Johnston remaining totally 
unaware of Gen. Giant's presence. It was at Bull Run 
where Sherman and Joe Johnston encountered first — 
the former serving as a newly created colonel of the 
U. S. Thirteenth. Infantry, the latter commanding the 
Confederate forces. It gratified me very much, having 
been a light artillerist myself around Vicksburg in 
1S63, to see the same terms as to private horses of 
enlisted men of Gen. Johnston's army as to Gen. Lee's ; 
and Gen. Taylor was accorded the same advantage, as 
seen in Gen. Canby's terms at Citronelle May 4: 
"Section 5. All horses which are in good faith the 
private property of enlisted men will not be taken 
from them ; the men will be permitted to take such 
with them to their homes, to be used for private pur- 
poses only." It should be stated (per telegram of Gen. 
Halleck) that Gen.Canbywas authorized by Gen.G'rant 
himself to give to Gen. Taylor the very terms accorded 
to Gen. Lee. We learned that President Davis and 
family had been captured at daylight May 10, a mile 
and a half north of Irwinsville, Ga., and he was in- 
stantly conveyed to Fortress Monroe as a prisoner of 
war. 

Fleet Captain Edward Simpson, representing Act- 
ing Rear Admiral Thatcher, U. S. N., proceeded in 
the ironclad Cincinnati, accompanied by the ironclad 
Chickasaw and the tinclad Nyanza, up the Tombig- 
bee river to Nanna Hubba Bluff. On the morning of 
the 10th instant the vessels were assembled at the 
Bluff. Lieutenant Commanding Julian Myers, the 
officer appointed by Flag Officer Ebenezer Farrand, 
C. S. N., to make the surrender went on board the 
Cincinnati, and after consultation with Capt. Simpson 
on the minor details, the transfer was quickly dis- 
patched by these naval veterans. From the 10th to the 
12th of May, Capt. Simpson received the vessels, their 
guns, equipments, and stores of the remainder of the 
Confederate navy, and paroled the officers for them- 
selves individually, and for the seamen, marines, etc., 
under the Canby-Taylor capitulation of Citronelle, Ala., 
on the 4th of May. Flag Officer Farrand had deputed 
Lieut. Julian Myers to conduct the transfer on his part. 
Lieut. P. U. Murphy hail brought up the remaining 
members of the Confederate gunboat Gaines from 
Battery Buchanan below the city, making the cele- 
brated steamer Southern Republic his transport. This 
vessel was seized April 11, 12, at Mobile by order of 
Commodore Farrand for the purpose of receiving the 
stores brought from the naval station when it was 
taken possession of by the forces of Gen. Canby. Un- 
der the immediate care of the Gaines's crew was a 
large amount of powder, cap and fuse shells, and 
combustible material of all kinds ; enough, if igniAed, 



(Confederate l/eterai?. 



27 



to produce the most rapid transit ever known. There 
would not have been enough solidity left to the South- 
ern Republic to come down by natural gravitation. 
She would have passed into vapor light as air, and 
this mortal would have put on immortality. The fiist 
scene of the surrender is situated forty miles above 
Mobile. The Confederate vessels were five in num- 
ber — Nashville, .Morgan, Baltic, Black Diamond, 
Southern Republic. The personnel was: < iliicers, 
120; enlisted men, 335 ; marines, 24. Details of trans- 
fer were fixed at Citronelle by Admiral Thatcher and 
Commodore Farrand, these officers having been com- 
rades in the United States navy for thirty-eight yi 
Each entered the navy on the 4th of March, 1823. The 
capitulation at Citronelle, thirty-five miles from Mo- 
bile, was made by Gen. Richard Taylor, ( . S. A., to 
(ien. Canby. It is noteworthy thai Gen Halleck 
wind Gen. Canby, through direction of Gen. Grant, 
that the same terms extended to < lens. Lee and John- 
ston — recognizing the right of the cavalry and artil- 
lery to then private horses were ble to the 
army of Gen. Taylor. The paroles of army and navy 
weir identical. 

With Commodore Farrand's fleeif were the block- 
ade runners Heroine, Mary, Virgin, Red Gauntli 
also a number of vessels captured in tin inland wa- 
ters of Alabama : St. Nichi da-. St, 1 harles, 1 . W. Dor- 
rance, Jeff Davis, Admiral, Reindeer. ( Ma- 

0, Sumter, Waverly, Magnolia, Robert Watson, 
Duke, Clipper, Senator, Commodore Farrand, and 
"No. 200." 

Lieut. Julian Myers, under explicit instructions 
from Commodore Farrand, made exact and complete 
transfers of all the vessels of war, their guns and 
equipments, all small arms, and ammunition ami stores 
to the representative of Admiral Thatcher, evhicing 
that scrupulous sense of honor and justice character- 
istic of the navy, and gave paro large number 
of the service who were aboard the Baltic, Rlack Dia- 
mond, and Southern Republic. Lieut. Joseph Fry 
paroled 120 men aboard the Morgan; Lieut. J. W. 
Bennett, 112 men aboard the Nashville; and Lieut. D. 
G. Raney, of the Marine Corps, 24 marines under his 
command. Past Midshipman George A. Joiner, be- 
ing officer of the deck of the Nashville at the hour of 
surrender, received at the gangway Lieut. Hamilton, 
I". S. X. Ill' officers and crew assembled on deck, 
and our colors came down and were sainted with 1 
caps, while tears flowed freely. Prize crews — 011 
engineers, and seamen brought these surrendi 
vessels dow n to Mi ibile. 

Thus fell the Confederate navy. The curtain came 
down in the defense of Mobile and her noble waters. 
Willi matchless energy, skill, and gallantry, hut with 
meager supplies, the navj battled against the Federal 
forces with all their resources of money, ships, guns, 
and men; and. when the hour of fate drew nigh, our 
sailors and our soldiers fell that honor and braver} 
were all that remained to them after so long holding 
back- the tremendous array of men and metal hurled 
against the city's gates. 

After the seniors come we juniors of the service. 
One by one we step up and into the captain's office. 
Our signatures "sealed and delivered." we step down 
an<l out to the shore and murmur as we gaze upon the 



unwieldy "three-story house afloat," "Alabam! Ala- 
bam! again here we rest from the game!" and now 
and here our several little one-stories of the war w-ere 
done. 

Four years afloat, afield, afloat in the service of the 
"Southern Republic's" namesake are now over. We 
reembark with all the officers and men of the fleet on 
the "Three-Story House Afloat" for Mobile. At this 
moment of paroling I was a citizen of the Rnited 
States again, as 1 was born, and it could not be said 
ain from a foreign shore;" for the lands as 
well as the waters of tin- country are a unit. As we 
floated down the Mobile aboard the "S. R.." my atten- 
tion was drawn 10 the fragrance of magnolias, hon- 
eysuckles, and jasmines amid the pinei Fori 
Stoddert. Mere rest the remains of the jurist [Cirby, 
and 1 was reminded of a favorite verse of tins prime 
original of the Ruby's, hy a poet of the Churcl 
England, in whose communion he died: 

the memory of the just smells sweel ami bloscoms in 
1 he dust 

I fixed a i. pail Jul; look on the Nashville as 

she lay hard aground at the junction of the Alabama 
and Tensas rivers. She was the second of the name 
in our navy, and performed exci rvice in shell- 

ing the Federal forces during the siege of Mobile. 
where she was commanded b) Runt. Bennett. This 

r won much distinction for his executive services 
aboard tin greater Nashville on her cruise in tin 
lantie under (apt. Robert B. Retrain, who brought 
her into Beaufort February 28, [862, through th< 
of blockaders with great eclat 

in three weeks from the Bluff one of our number had 
an offer from a wine-dealer of Malaga. Spain, 
and for six years we received "cards" at fines from 
our prospering comrade. The love sou- during the 
cruel war was pi ipular- the loud pair apart. Idle shero 
lived in Mobile while her hero (C. S. N., of course) 
cruised m the waters ol Spain and France: 

"When 1 was al Malaga and you were al Mol 

Saving a and-twenty-hour furlough spent in 

New ( Irleans early in 1862, I had seen no member of 
my father's family! 1 had emerged from [he Confed- 
erate itli hardly a scratch, and with the happy 
impulses of youth saw in the future only that which 
was brilliant. Lucky day, lucky day. this May 13 (at 
1 p.m., or thirteen o'clock) ; for here is a Federal 



> ,rgjk y 




^ "IB- 

• 1 =5L 


■ 











TWIN HOUSES AFTER fHB STORM AT GALVESTON 



28 



Qoofederate l/eterai), 



port. It "swing's low, sweet chariot," waiting for to 
bear me home. I sung out to Eugene May and Avery 
S. Winston: "Come on, my partners in distress!" and 
they sung back at me from Burns : 

" When wild war's deadly blast was blawn, 
And gentle peace returning, 
With mony a sweet babe fatherless, 
And mon\ a widow mourning." 

In accordance with the sixth clause of the Citronelle 
agreement, that after the surrender transportation and 
subsistence would be furnished for officers and men 
to the nearest practicable point to their respective 
homes, a number of our comrades went aboard the 
Federal steamer Rhode Island, to be conveyed to 
Hampton Roads, that being most convenient for our 
Marylanders and Virginians. We had the pleas- 
ure of shaking hands in good-by to them as well as 
Godspeed to their old homes under the new order of 
things. While heading for New Orleans I first caught 
sight of the Morgan, Baltic, Black Diamond, anchored 
off the city, and next came the navy yard of Mobile, 
where I had been examined and reappointed midship- 
man in 1863. Capt. Joseph Fry presided over the 
board. His mesmeric eyes deeply impressed me. It 
is with deep pleasure that I here present in behalf of 
justice the refutation of the cruelty yet held to have 
been committed by him, of having ordered the shoot- 
ing of some of the Federal Mound City's crew (June 17, 
1862) while they were struggling in the waters of White 
River at St. Charles, Ark. They had been driven from 
their ship by the explosion of its steam drum. Capt. 
Fry was. at the time of the explosion, wounded, and 
Lieut. 'John W. Dunnington succeeded to the com- 
mand. A thirty-two-pounder rifle shot directed by the 
skillful and experienced eye of Lieut. D. penetrated 
the steam drum of the Mound City, fore" and aft. Of 
her crew, consisting of one hundred and seventy-five 
officers and men, one hundred and fifty were killed, 
drowned or scalded. In Maj. Gen. Hindman's report 
to Gen. Holmes, commanding the Trans-Mississippi 
Department, mention of report is made by Capt. A. M. 
Williams, of the engineers present in this St. Charles 
engagement: "I immediately ordered all the sharp- 
shooters that remained on the field, about twenty in 
number, to the river bank to shoot them. Numbers 
of them were killed in the water." 

We found that our transport was going by Fort 
Morgan to New Orleans, so I had the satisfaction of 
passing through the waters where I aided Lieut. F. 
S. Barrett (Torpedo Corps) in placing the torpedoes 
in the summer of 1864. There is the quiet little grave- 
vard of the fort, where we buried the heroes who died 
in the battle aboard the Gaines in the fight of Friday, 
the 5th of August. 

Here I was reminded oi the destruction of the 
Gaines, C. S. S. I last saw her on the night of the 
battle of the 5th, beached near the hospital of Fort 
Morgan, as we steered our boats for Mobile. Hard 
on the departure of the sun the stars had come forth, 
Jupiter opening as evening star, and Venus appearing 
later on the scene. A silver glow in the west heralded 
the setting o<f the moon in her first quarter, above the 
calm sea. The sea gulls had ceased their plaintive 
cries. The gentle breeze, which rose at the sun's set- 



ting, started all the palmettoes whispering together, 
and their leafy swords clashed and rustled. On the 
9th f '.rig. Gen. Richard L. Page, commanding the fort, 
caused the < iaines to he burned, as the enemy began 
his preparations for the siege. The smooth water 
heaved softly against the beach, and a line of downy 
foam marked its highest How. There were no waves, 
but the breast of the sea swelled gently, like that of a 
sleeping child, and between these swells could be seen 
the "ribs" and other "bones" of the Gaines borne 
nearer and nearer to the shore — the plaything of wind 
and current — a bit of flotsam on the Sea of Fate. Here 
lies the fort in ruins, conjuring up many recollections 
of the great battle and the subsequent proceedings in 
the garrison, as told me by the participants of the 
First Alabama Battalion of Artillery and First Ten- 
nessee Regiment in the siege ending August 23, 1864. 
Shortly after the monitors and the bow guns of the 
fleet began firing on Fort Morgan (7 :io a.m.) our gun- 
boats with the flagship Tennessee moved out from be- 
hind the fort and took positions, east and west, across 
the channel, just inside the lines of torpedoes and en- 
filaded the fleet. Twenty minutes later, through the 
advance of the column of fourteen wooden vessels and 
four monitors, the broadside of the leading ships — 
Brooklyn of 24, Hartford of 21, and Richmond of 20 
guns — at from three hundred to one hundred and fifty 
yards, bore upon the fort. These heavy batteries vom- 
ited their iron hail broadside after broadside. The aim 
of our artillerists was disconcerted by the dense smoke 
from the enemy's rapid fire, being wrapped in a cloud 
of smoke which hid their hulls and rose above their 
lower mastheads, and the ships were completely hid- 
den. The fire of our water and lighthouse batteries, 
in front of the main fort, with one eight-inch and four 
ten-inch columbiads, four thirty-two-pounder banded 
rifle guns, and three thirty-two-pounder smoothbores 
—twelve in all — visibly slackened, and the men for a 
few minutes were driven from their stations. The ene- 
my compliments them on their gallant return to the 
guns under fire. The whole of Mobile Point was a 
living flame. Four hundred and ninety-one projec- 
tiles were hurled against the Federal fleet as it passed 
the fort. In the uproar and slaughter our flotilla of 
three wooden vessels and one ironclad ram — thanks 
to the position of vantage — played a deadly part quite 
out of proportion to its numerical strength : 

Confederate loss: Killed, 15 ; wounded, 29 44 

Federal loss: Killed, 52; wounded, 170; drowned (Tecum- 
seh sunk by torpedo in thirty seconds), 116; swam to 
Fort Morgan and surrendered, 4 342 

From the 8th to the 23d the fort was under the fire 
of the Federal forces day and night. Farragut and 
Granger speedily invested and besieged Fort Morgan. 
The Federal fleet was augmented by the captured Ten- 
nessee and Selma, replacing the sunken Tecumseh. 
Ten thousand troops were landed on Mobile Po.int to 
the rear; siege works were thrown up and mounted 
with shell guns and mortars. On the 8th Gen. Page 
was summoned to surrender, but he and his officers 
replied that the fort should be held to the last. There 
were opposing his 640 effective men 10,000 troops and 
2,700 sailors, with 46 serviceable guns against 199 
guns. The enemy could not have Fort Morgan with- 



Confederate l/eterai). 



29 




Wi DRAWING 1864 BY 

GEO S. WATERMAN CS.N. 



"HEROINE" RUNNING THE BLOCKADE. - ^-^7^ 

Launch C.&.S.GAINlS C^WED !gV 



out fighting for it, ami a long, stubborn resistance did 
the garrison make. For two weeks the enemy kepi 
shelling the fort, while advancing his lines on the land 
sidr, and the navy poured in iis fire at all hours. Early 
in the morniing of the 22d of August there was opened 
the grand bombardment bj b< siegers and fleet, which 
was as fierce as any soldier or sailor ever experienced. 
The heavy siege guns on Mobile Point were distant 
only two hundred and fifty yards from the Eort, and 
the cannoneers were sheltered by the high and thick 
embankments of sand. The fleet took position on 
the north, south, and west faces of the fort, the iron- 
clads lying closest in ami maintaining a heavy fire. 
Three Lhousand -hells were thrown into the Eort within 
twelve hours. The garrison replied to this terrific 
bombardment with all the vigor of their slender force 
of men and guns. About nine o'clock' at night the 
shells se! lire to the citadel, and in the renewed impetus 
of the assault the walls were breached repeatedly and 
nearly all the best ordnance was disabled. 1 hiring the 
weary hours of this fateful night the energies of the 
besieged never slackened. The twenty-six gun 
maining serviceable out of forty-six were handled con- 
tinuously, and a force was specially detailed to fight the 
il. lines which menaced the magazines, where immense 
quantities of powder were stored. < Ither details were 
made to spike or destroy the disabled guns, and ninety 
thousand pounds of powder, ovei and above the 
amount for immediate use. were thrown into the cis 
tern in view of the imminent conflagration. All these 
detachments were constantly exposed to the unceas- 
ing bombardment. The flames from the burning cita- 
del lighted up the sky prodigiously. Not a man 
flinched from his post of duty. 

Soon after dawn of the 23d the citadel was again 
ablaze from the enemy's shells and all the heavy guns 
save two disabled. Gen. Page displayed from his 
scarred and shattered ramparts the white flag. Farra- 
gut and Granger granted terms of surrender with the 
honors of war, and at two o'clock the colors our men 



had fought for till the last chance of beating off the 
enemy vanished gave way for the Federal ensign. 
The 1 besides 17 killed and 4.' wound- 

ed, 581 prisoners, 4.1. pieces of artillery destroy 
captured, and ,1 large amount of material. 

1 Page, a lifelong naval officer, reports, "The 
spirit displayed by tins garrison was fine, the 'guns 
admit ved, and all did their duty nobly, al- 
though subject to a fire which for the time being was 
;M\ as any known in the annals of 
war:" and, relating hack to the naval engagement, the 
eral adds : "( >ur na\ al forces under Admiral Buch- 
anan Fought most gallantly, against odds before un- 
known to history." 

Petersb Vnswering inquiries 

made by the \ . Mrs. Robert T. Meade, Presi- 

dent of the ( hand Division of Virginia and Vice Presi- 
dent of the Petersburg Chapter, explains delay by her 
n Europe She mentions that the Peters. 
bur- ' next largest in the Grand Divi- 

sion, the Richmond Chapter exceeding their member- 
ship of 132. Mrs. Meade states that there is a - 
federate nt erected by the Ladies' Memorial 

Association '>, ' : n i ! tzation of a chapter of 

the Daughters of the Confederacy. It is a tall shaft 
surmounted bj a statue of a private 1 te sol- 

dier. The Chapter is n tged in assisting in con- 

verting old Blandford church into a memorial and 
ian chapel, so 'bat this historic place of worship 
may be kept in perfect condition. 



George W. Hair, Aspermont, Tex., inquires 
" Thorn, who was a member of Company I, Sev- 
enth Kentucky Regiment Cavalry, Buford's Division, 
ere in the hospital together at Lauderdale 
Springs, Miss., left together and parted at Grenada. 
since which time Comrade Barr has not heard from 
him. 



30 



Qopfederate l/eterag. 



ESCAPE FROM CAMP DOUGLAS. 

R. D. Rugeley, Bowie, Tex., sends account by J. 
Knox Thomas of his escape from prison. .Mr. Thomas 
is one of Bowie's very best citizens, and absolutely 
trustworthy. He relates his experience : 

I was a private in Company H, Fifty-Fifth Georgia 
Infantry. My company was raised in Randolph and 
Stewart Counties, Ga. ; was commanded bv Capt. 
John Allen, whose field officers were Col. Harkey, 
Lieut. Col. Persons, and Maj. Printup. 

On September 9. 1S63, while in Frazier's Brigade, 
Buckner's Division, we were captured at Cumberland 
Gap, ami after a tedious journey, were landed in Camp 
Douglas, a prison in the suburbs of Chicago. In that 
prison, on Christmas day, 1864, I was walking across 
the open premises with Bill James, of Company A. 
of my regiment, and I remarked that if I could only 
scale the walls I would turn my head toward Dixie. 
He replied that he could easily arrange for us to scale 
the wall, but we had no money and no citizen's clothes. 
I was a shifty little red-headed fellow, and could gen- 
erally raise a small amount in case of an emergency, 
and had already bought me a suit of citizen's clothes 
from a Yankee soldier. I told James that I had the 
money and would get the clothes, but wished to know 
how he proposed to scale the wall. His scheme was 
this : he was a laborer in the kitchen department, and 
the kitchen superintendent, an old Irishman nick- 
named "Old Red." had placed a couple of scantlings 
parallel along the wall of the kitchen, on the ground, 
for some barrels to rest on, and James proposed to 
nail some pieces of plank on the scantlings and thus 
make a ladder. Seeing that his plan was feasible, I 
then said : "All right ; we will go to-morrow night at 
seven o'clock, by which time I will have the clothes 
ready. James then replied that we could not hoist 
the ladder up on the wall by ourselves, and said we 
would have to get two more companions. I then said : 
"You choose one of them, and I will choose the other." 
He chose Hope Williams, of his own company (A), 
and I selected Ben Johnson, otherwise known as 
"Babe" Johnson, of my own company (H). At the 
appointed time we met at the kitchen, and I was 
chosen to walk out and see if any of the inside police 
were near ; and if they were, I was to quietly return ; 
if they were not, I was to walk quickly back, pass the 
kitchen door, whistle, and pass on toward the prison 
wall to Barracks No. T2, where they were to follow 
with the laddet. I quietly took the walk, found no 
police, hurried hack as agreed, and in a few minutes 
we had the ladder up against the wall. As we accom- 
plished this a sentinel halted us; Babe Johnson in- 
stantly sprang on the ladder,' and was killed by the 
sentinel. As Johnson staggered and fell back, James 
mounted the ladder, followed by Williams and mvself, 
and we all three escaped amidst a shower of bullets. 
We were clad with citizen's clothes, purchased by me 
from the Yankee soldier, and we safely reached the 
city, and registered at the Sherman House in our own 
names, but as hailing from Louisville, Ky. 

We remained at the Sherman House until five 
o'clock, the 27th inst, when we took a train for 
Detroit. We reached Detroit on the 28th, and imme- 
diately crossed the river to Windsor, Canada, where 
we were under the British flacf. From Windsor we 



proceeded by various points to Halifax. At Halifax 
we sailed for the Bermuda Islands on a British brig, 
and reaching them we went to Nassau, on the Bahama 
Islands, anil from Nassau we went to Havana. 

At Havana I sat for my "photo," which is herewith 
submitted for the inspection of my surviving com- 
rades. We remained in Havana 
two weeks, and then shipped on 
the blockade runner fox for 
Galveston, Tex. Sometime in 
March we reached Galveston, 
and in attempting to enter the 
port our vessel was shot to 
pieces by the blockading fleet, 
but we managed to reach the 
shore safely. From Galveston 
we went to Marshall, Tex., 
where James decided to remain. 
Williams and I proceeded to Shrevesport, and thence 
down the river by steamer to Alexandria. From 
Alexandria we took- it "afoot" across the country to 
the Mississippi, and crossed it in a blockade skiff. 
Continuing, we reached Meridian, and there learned 
for the first time that the war was ended. We jour- 
neyed to Montgomery, thence to Eufaula, and across 
the Chattahoochee to Georgetown, where Hope Wil- 
liams left me for his home, in Baker County, Ga., and 
I went to my home, in Randolph County. 

My present home is Bowie, Montague County, 
Tex., and should be delighted to hear from any of my 
old comrades, and especially of James'and Williams. 




MASSACRE OF NEGROES BEFORE NASHVILLE 

In a recently republished letter from the old Louis- 
ville (Ky.) Journal of December 18, 1864, an account 
is given of the massacre of negroes in the battle of 
Nashville. It states : 

The charge by Col. Thompson's brigade of colored 
troops, and Post's Brigade of Gen. Beatty's Division, 
was an exceedingly costly one. The losses of those 
two brigades will amount to five hundred killed and 
wounded. The^eminence assailed is called Overton's 
Hill. It is just to the left of the Franklin pike, and 
about four miles south of the city. The enemy had 
but little time to fortify, but had thrown up breast- 
works of logs and rails, and. in some places, dirt and 
stones. He had posted on this hill a Mississippi bat- 
tery of four guns, defended by a brigade of Clayton's 
Division. The advance was made about 3 130 p.m. 
The enemy reserved his fire until the line was fairlv 
in full view and began the ascent. Two batteries of 
ours shelled the hill vigorously, and did good execu- 
tion, tearing two of the enemy's caissons to pieces, 
and wounding: many of the men. A more stubborn 
conflict is seldom seen. The right of the negro bri- 
gade followed their daring young leader. Col. Thomp- 
son, nobly through the torrent of shot and shell tha; 
was rained from the enemy's lines, losing heavily in 
killed and wounded. 

Col. Post led the charge of his brigade in a most 
heroic manner, but only won laurels to deck his tomb. 

A. J. Smith took sixteen guns, over 2,000 prisoners, 
and an immense quantity of small arms. Over 3,000 
prisoners have already arrived in Nashville. Smith 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



:U 



captured among his prisoners Brig. Gen. Henry R. 
Jackson and Thomas B. Smith and Maj. Gen. Ed- 
ward Johnson, commanding a division in S. D. Lee's 
Corps. 

It may be interesting to the "hero" who captured 
Gen. T. B. Smith — the youngest brigadier general in 
the Confederate army — to know that the saber cut in- 
flicted upon the General after he surrendered made 
him an inmate of an insane asylum. He still lives. 



SECRET SERVICE FOR GEN. HOOD. 
Gen. John M. Claiborne, Rusk, Tex., writes: 

July 1 8, 1864, I reported to Gen. John B. Hood, in 
front 1 if Atlanta, G?.., as a subaltern for the special 
duty of secret service, having on my own account 
served successfully" in that line simply in an adven- 
turous way, neither in quest of fame or glory, but 
simply lo gratify a thirst fur fun and a desire fur ad- 
venture. 

After th<- disastrous battle of July 22 in front of \t- 
lanta, I began to gratify myself in this most dan- 
gerous duty in the life of a soldier. In it there is more 
thrill than in any other service. It was to me per- 
fectly fascinating. When Gen. Hood reached the 
vicinity of Trenton, Ga.. on his way into Tennessee, 
he called me to him — just after I had returned from 
a ten days' scout in the enemy's country — and said: 
"1 want von to pick three men whom you can trust, 
and I will give you the soldiers necessary to reach 
from your field ot operations to the army, stationed 
ten miles apart." He then informed me of what he 
wanted and what he expected me to do. His army 
was moving at that time toward Tuscumbia, Ala. T 
picked my men. and the four of us left at midnight 
for the Tennessee river, across the mountains in the 
direction of Cottonport, above Florence, Ala., where 
we were to begin observations and operations. After 
the courier company reported, I began to blaze the 
way into Middle Tennessee on untravelcd lines, leav- 
ing men from ten to twelve miles apart, the last being 
left in the lulls near the home of a Mr. Massie, a few- 
miles from Franklin ; my three trustees and myself 
making a rendezvous near the iron bridge on Harpeth. 
We occupied two days and nights finding whom we 
could "swear by." I placed my trust in Tennessee 
girls, and never was faith better founded. 

The third night 1 spent in the town of Franklin, 
while one of the boys picketed in "Hollow Tree Gap" 
Cor Dug Hol!ow\ across the river near the road to 
Nashville. He also went over to. the Cumberland 
river to outlook, while the other kept the tryst, pay- 
ing a night visit to the Spring Hill country in the 
rear. Cur batch of information was put in the hands 
of the courier line, and sent on to Gen. Hood. I called 
on two voting ladies about midnight to get their aid 
in opening a way into Nashville, and in them I found 
accomplices that were never excelled. They were in- 
deed "wise as serpents and harmless as doves." They 
half-sisters, and the brother and half-brother of 
each were with Gen. Cheatham. They were willing, 
anxious, and alert. I had gold, and they knew how to 
use it successfully. 



We were now "burning daylight." Twenty days 
had gone since leaving Hood, five of them right among 
the enemy, and yet not even an adventure. But Nash- 
ville, Triune, Eagle Grove, Nolensville, Murfreesboro, 
Edgefield. Gallatin, and Lebanon were to be looked 
carefullv over. The girls got off early the next morn- 
ing with butter, eggs, and other products of the farm, 
wiili an old dilapidated horse cart and a chart to be 
filled out. They had a list of articles that we needed — 
disguises being their main purpose. Soon the boys 
gof awav on the duty of thirty-six hours. They were 
to rendezvous near the old Overton place, six miles 
from Nashville. In this neighborhood the writer bad 
acquaintances, among them "sweet sixteeners" and 
a lovely and patriotic old maid. Any of them were 
as read) to give aid and information as 1 was to get 
it. To these women of Williamson and Davidson 
Counties monuments should be erected. 

The ladies having executed splendidly every trust. 
it then devolved on US to dare the risk of the execu- 
tion of our mission, that of spying into the camp of 
the enemy. To me fell the lot of going into Nash- 
ville to locate the forts and make plots of approaches, 
etc. Suffice it to say. T did so and successfully. I 
danced at a party at Brig. Gen. Miller's, who was chief 
quartermaster (or commissary). Going home with his 
daughter. I was shown the fortifications by a Federal 
en-, ami met and discussed the war and its con- 
duet with prominent officers. 

I made my report to Gen. Hood, at Columbia. 
Tenn., three days before the battle of Franklin. I left 
shville at night, riding the horse of some general 
officer, judging from the trappings. At daylight I 
passed through Franklin, locating the forts ,^n the 
river, ' ' a suitable point a few miles above 

Franklin to put the pontoon bridge, never dreaming 
of a fight being made at Franklin or Nashville, but 
expected we would invade Kentucky, and have many 
thousands of men to join us in the invasion. How 
1 managed is of so personal a nature that I will not 
detail it. 1 have since learned that I was in great 
danger, bul 1 did not know it then. 

From the 22d day of July to the 12th day of De- 
cember I used every character known to man, from 
a negro field hand in his dotage to an intelligent 
preaedier. I received for this service the private com- 
mendation of the most glorious of men, John B. Hood, 
also three gilt stars with the half wreath later on. 
Pierce de Graffenried, George Archer, and Emmit 
Lynch were the aids 1 bad with me. They have all 
pas er the river. Lynch was killed in battle; 

De Graffenried died in Nashville a few years ago. We 
,li,l some things that were not creditable to our hearts, 
but the) seemed necessary. We afterwards concluded 
never to refer to them, as for twenty years after we 
W cml I li ! 1 been subject to the rope. In this cautious 
way it does not carry the true thrill of adventure, but 
I write it specially 10 pay tribute to Tennessee women 
of Williamson and Davidson Counties. 

\\ e recrossed the Tennessee river at Florence, Ala., 
on Januar) 1. 1865, and Hood resigned at Tuscumbia 
the next day, a victim to the duty of a soldier obeying 
orders (against his judgment) of his superior officer 
at Richmond. 



32 



Qopfederate l/eterar?. 




GEN. WILLIAM G. LEWIS. 

William Gaston Lewis, one of the four surviving ex- 
Confederate brigadier generals in North Carolina, 
died at Goldsboro, his home, on January 8, 1901, of 
pneumonia, aged sixty-six years. He was born in 
Raleigh, a son of Dr. Lewis, of this city. After the 
death of his father his mother removed to Chapel Hill, 
where the family were educated, the General gradu- 
ating at the university there in 1S55. Thence he went 
to Florida, where he taught school for a time. He was 
appointed a member of the United States Survey 
Corps, doing service in the Northwest. Early in the 
great war he enlisted in the Forty-Third North Caro- 
lina Regiment, and was rapidly promoted for his 
bravery and distinguished ability. His commissions 
were: April 22, 1863, lieutenant colonel, from major. 
Forty-Third Regiment; May 31, 1864, brigadier gen- 
eral, from colonel of his regiment. He was com- 
plimented many times. Gen. Lewis was one of the 
youngest brigadiers in our army, being twenty-nine 
years old when he received that commission. While 
colonel he was detailed for civil engineer work in the 
building of fortifications at Drewry's Bluff and else- 
where. He was seriously wounded at the last battle 
of the Virginia campaign on the retreat from Rich- 
mond. After the war he was Superintendent of the 
Raleigh and Gaston Railway, and had been engineer 
of the State Guard for many years. Eight years ago 
he located at Goldsboro. In 1862 he married a Miss 
Pender, of Edgecombe County, who, with the follow- 
ing daughters and sons, survive him : Mrs. William 
T. Dortcli, Misses Anna, Lattie, and Mittie Lewis, 
and Messrs. W. G. Lewis, Jr., and James Lewis. 

MAT. RICHARD THOMAS BROWNRIGG. 

This gallant soldier of a great cause, so dear to the 
heart of Southrons, was born near Edenton, N. C, 
and went with his father's family when only a child 
to Columbus, Miss. Tn the fifties, having been ad- 
mitted to the bar, he moved to Austin, Tex., and in 
1856 was married to Miss Octavia Calhoun, one of the 
beautiful women of Austin. He was among the most 
gifted men of his adopted State, tall, strong, hand- 
some, courtly, eloquent, and magnetic, with a brilliant 
future before him, bin he turned his back to these 
prospects and enlisted for the Confederate war, being 
a warm advocate of Southern rights. He was ap- 
pointed major on 'the staff of Brig. Gen. H. H. Sib- 
ley ; served with him through the campaign in New 
Mexico and Arizona, and displayed great gallantry in 
the battles of Valverde and Glorietta. He was pre- 
sented, bv Capt. J. F. Battaille, with a Maynard car- 
bine, on which was engraved on a silver plate these 
statements: ''Presented to Maj. R. T. Brownrigg for 
his gallant bearing at the battle of Valverde, N. Mex., 
February 21, 1862." 



Alter this campaign his brigade served under Gen. 
Dick Taylor against Gen. N. P. Banks in Louisiana. 
On the 13th day of April a battle was fought on the 
banks of Bayou Teche, at Camp Bisland, not far from 
Alexandria, La., in which 3,500 Confederates fought 
against a .Union army 14,000 strong. In the midst 
of this battle Maj. Brownrigg was mortally wounded 
by the explosion of a shell, and died in an hour. Gen 




MAJOR BHOWNBItli. 

Sibley wrote these words in a letter to his brother. 
Dr. Brownrigg: "It was while crossing the plain of 
fire coming to my assistance, in company with other 
officers, that Maj. Brownrigg was struck by a cannon 
ball which crushed his leg and killed all the other offi- 
cers, four in number, except Maj. Tom Ochiltree, who 
barely escaped the same fate. Maj. Ochiltree did all 
in his power to save his friend, as did Dr. Parrish, but 
in vain. He was borne to the Bisland House, and in 
an hour quietly breathed his last. He was buried 
silently at midnight near the grave of Gov. Baker. 
Just after this Gen. Taylor's command was forced to 
retreat from Bayou Teche in the presence of over- 
powering odds." 

CAPT. S. P. EMMERSON. 

Capt. S. P. Emmerson, loyal to the Southern Con- 
federacy to the last breath, died at Denver, Colo., on 
October 16, 1900, and was buried in Dallas, Tex., on 
the 20th. He had lived on his farm near Dallas from 
the close of the war until forced to seek health in Col- 
orado. Capt. Emmerson had never married, and before 
going to Colorado he called on Mrs. Kate Cabell Cur- 
rie, President of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
and said to her: "When the Southern Confederacy per- 
ished I lost what stood to me as wife and children do 



Qopfederate l/eterar?, 



33 



to other men. When I am dead, which will be soon, 
I ask you to see that I am buried among my own 
kind of people. Have my body clad in a suit of plain 
Confederate gray ; have none but former Confederate 
soldiers act as pallbearers ; let the Confederate flag 
rest upon my coffin. I desire that a plain monument, 
surmounted by the figure of a Confederate soldier, be 
erected over my grave. ( )n the monument place only 
this inscription : 'Here lies a man who believed in the 
teachings and traditions of the old South." " 

When notified of his death, Mrs. Currie took charge 
of the funeral arrangements, and his body was laid to 
rest in the center of the plot owned by the Daughters 
of the Confederacy. Camp Sterling Price attended in 
a body, and their old battle-scarred flag was spread 
i iver the ci ifFn. 

Capt. Emmerson commanded a body of guerrillas 
<>ii the Confederate side, and participated in mam 
thrilling and daring exploits. 

MRS. ANNIE IRWIN CHERRY. 

Mrs. Cherry, daughter of Col. James and Nancy 
Sevier Irwin, was born at McMinnville, Tenn., Feb- 
ruary [8, [830, and died in Nashville, Tenn., Novem- 
ber -'J. iijoo. Three brothers and four sisters survive 
her. all of whom live at Savannah. Tenn. Her parents 
moved to Savannah about 1831, where she was reared. 




MRS. CHERRY. 



She finished her education at the old Nashville Female 
Academy, of which the 'ate Rev. Dr. C. D, Elliott was 
President. She was married about 1S55 to the late 
Mr. W, li Cherry, of Savannah. After the war Mr. 
Cherry moved t" Memphis, where they resided for 
several years. Subsequently he removed to Nashville, 
and was the senior member of the firm of Cherry. 
I ''('inner & Co., afterwards Cherry, Morrow & Co., 
leasees of the State penitentiary. Mr. Cherry amassed 
a handsome fortune. 1 [e erected an elegant residence, 
where they lived happily through their later years. 

In their beautiful and luxuriously equipped hom< 
they extended a constanl and generous hospitality 
to their numerous friends. 

Surviving her are her two children. Mrs. Minnie C. 



Head, wife, of lion. James M. Head, present Mayor 
of Nashville, and Mr. William I. Cherry, of this c'ity, 
and her stepson. Mr. Edgar Cherry, Savannah, Tenn. 

Mrs. Cherry's maternal grandfather was John Sevier. 
a brother's son of Gov. John Sevier, first Covernor of 
Tennessee. Her uncle. Ambrose H. Sevier, was 
United States Senator from Arkansas. Mrs. Cherry 
was a member of the Southern Methodist Church, anil 
conspicuous for her generosity and charitable deeds. 
She was a bright woman and a ready writer. 

Previous to and during the battle of Shiloh, Gen. 
Grant's headquarters were at her home in Savannah; 
and though an ardent Southerner, she wrote a letter 

since, which was published extens 
in the panels, refuting the charge that Gen. Grant was 
intoxicated when the battle of Shiloh began. 

She was a warm friend of the Confederate cause, 
and certainly should have been. Her mother and two 
of her sisters were arrested and taken from their home 
by the order of one who wore the straps of a F( 

ant was not in this region then, or 
he would not have permitted it. Two of her brothers. 
Capt. lute !'.. Irwin, of the First Tennessee Infantry, 
and Capt. James W. Irwin, of the first Confederate 
I actively in the Confederate army from 
[80] to [865. During the war Mrs. Cherry rendered 
many favors to the Confederate soldiers, and sent 
many articles of clothing, etc., through the lines. Her 
hands were ever open to relieve Confederate soldiers. 
A large number of friends attended her funeral, which 
was conducted by prominent clergymen of the city. 

' : ! J \nn-tv. 1 orman, Mis-,.: "While on a visit 
to Shelby > 'ounty, Kv.. after the reunion in Louisville, 
I learned the particulars of the death and burial of a 
gallant Confer! tidier, Lieut. Tarlton 1 ew 

Geoi e Family and friends may never have 

known his ''ate In [862, when the armies of Gens. 
Bragg and Kirby Smith were leaving Kentucky, in 
a skirmish at Patona, Shelby County. Lieut. Lewis 
and left behind. lie was taken to the 
village of ('lay. and cared for by Misses Emma Mid- 
dleton and Hettie Willis, and seemed in a fair way to 

ery, but his removal to another house was against 
this. After lingering several weeks at the house of 
Mrs. Harrison Bailey, he died, and was buried on the 
Bailey farm. Mrs, Bailey procured a metallic case for 
the body, thinking relatives would wish to remove it. 
Hon. Winfo-d Bailey, of Shelbyville, Ky., will take 
pleasure in an any inquiries." 

The Richmond Times reports the remarkable 

achievements of Mrs. Pattie P.uford. who died re- 
cently at Lawrenceville, Va. : 

Years ago. when in social prominence, she aban- 
doned the gayeties of life and took up the care of suf- 
fering negroes in "the black- belt." She appeal) 
the people at large, and by their aid she built a hos- 
pital for the aged and afflicted. Endowed with spirit 
and genius, she thrilled the charitable, built a hospital, 
and then an orphanage, caring for a multitude in that 
i\a\ and m giving medicines and food through a dis- 
pensary that she had provided. It is believed that she 
accomplished more than has any other person with 
the means at hand. 



34 



Confederate l/eterai). 



MARSHALL B. JONES, OF HAKVEV's SCOUTS. 

Comrade J. M. Williams, of Memphis, paid fine 
tribute to the memory of Marshall B. Jones, of Bates- 
ville, Miss., his fellow soldier and messmate in Col. 
John G. Ballentine's Mississippi Regiment. They 
were also scouts together, and made part of the fame 
won by Capt. A. D. Harvey. He states : 

It was during the thrilling and exciting events of 
the Georgia campaign, the retreat of Gen. Johnston 
from Dalton, Ga., to Atlanta, and the subsequent ad- 
vance of Gen. Hood from Jonesboro, Ga., to Frank- 
lin, Tenn., that Comrade Marshall Jones displayed his 
most brilliant acts of fearlessness. It happened to fall 
to my lot to be with him on every trip. We were fre- 
quently sent in the rear of the enemy to tear up rail- 
road tracks, to capture pickets, and gain such informa- 
tion as was necessary to guide and direct the move- 
ments of our commanding generals. We never failed 
to accomplish the work satisfactorily, and report back " 
in good time, although we had some very close calls, 
and never had more than twelve and sometimes only 
four or five men with us. 

While Gen. Sherman divided his forces at Atlanta, 
sending possibly more than half of his army toward 
Tennessee to intercept Gen. Hood, Jones and I, with 
a small squad, were ordered to get positive informa- 
tion of the number of Federal troops that were trying 
to check Hood's army. We were lying on the side of 
the main road between Kingston and Rome, in the 
midnight hour, counting regiment after regiment, un- 
til fortv-two had passed us. Jones boldly rose from 
the small patch of bushes on the roadside, advanced 
into the ranks of the enemy, and captured an adjutant 
general of a brigade, mounted on a magnificent 
charger, and heavily armed with two fine pistols and 
saber. Instantlv I was at his side, and disarmed him. 
We actually led this prisoner right from the ranks of ■ 
several thousand of his comrades. We got valuable 
and reliable information from him. The poor fellow 
made a bold dash for liberty just at the dawn of day, 
as we were crossing the big road, within a few hun- 
dred yards of a Federal cavalry camp, and received 
a mortal wound from one of our squad, but his swift 
horse carried him beyond the Federal camp and right 
into the town of Kingston before the rider fell. 

On another occasion, near Altoona, Ga., about 
eleven o'clock at night, we tore up the railroad track 
and wrecked a train of twenty-eight cars heavily load- 
ed with provisions and ammunition. The entire train 
and locomotive went headlong off a forty-foot em- 
bankment, and was crushed into atoms, caught on 
fire, and was completely destroyed. A picket squad 
of six Federal soldiers, who were stationed nearby, 
ran to the rescue of the demolished train, and ran into 
our arms. We captured and paroled this squad in 
quick order, mounted our horses and plunged into the 
dark thickets of northern Georgia, and away from the 
lurid scene of the burning and explosive wreck. The 
loss of life on the train we had no means of knowing, 
but it must have been heavy, as nearly every train, 
.freight and passenger, going to Sherman, was loaded 
with soldiers. There were only four of us in this 
squad. Marshall Jones, Ben Persons, Tul Waller, and 
mvself. We were in the enemy's lines, and possibly 



sixty miles* from the nearest Confederate force. It 
was a dark and stormy night, with heavy rains, thun- 
ders roared and lightnings Hashed so fiercely that the 
electric current passed from the rails through the 
crowbar into our bodies, producing several severe 
shocks, and causing us to temporarily desist from the 
work of removing the rail ; in fact, Persons and Waller 
vowed that it was not right, and refused to make fur- 
ther efforts after they had received the second shocks. 
Jones, undaunted, kept gouging the spikes until he 
loosed the rail, he and 1 taking alternate turns. A 
day or two later we had a similar experience within 
two miles of Dalton, tearing up the track and captur- 
ing a solid train of coffee, bacon, and flour, and about 
forty Federal soldiers on board the train. We paroled 
these fellows and retired in quick order to the woods, 
but had possibly a thousand shots fired at us by a 
regiment sent out from Dalton to annihilate us. We 
loaded our horses down with coffee and bacon, dis- 
tributing it to citizens along our route. We feasted, 
however, as long as it lasted. 

We were about cornered near Adamsville the fol- 
lowing day, when a force of over a hundred Federal 
cavalry swooped down on us with unrelenting fury. 
About noon we were resting only for a little while be- 
tween two mountains by a beautiful spring creek, not 
dreaming of the enemy being so near us, when sud- 
denly it looked as though they had dropped from the 
sky, they were on us so quick. Jones was cool and 
calm, firing deliberately, and nearly every shot taking 
effect. We had to fly to escape the fury of these in- 
furiated Yanks. Yet while in this rapid chase of sev- 
eral miles. Jones persisted in wheeling and taking 
another shot at the pursuing enemy. He received a 
few cuts from the saber, but never made a complaint. 
He saved my scalp from the enemy's sword by firing a 
pistol just in the nick of time, and my assailant reeled 
to the ground. 

I could mention many other thrilling incidents con- 
nected with this dear old comrade's war history. In 
a regular pitched battle he was as cool and fearless as 

on these exciting scouting 
raids ; was always cheerful 
and in good humor, but 
determined in purpose. 
He was a man of the 
highest sense of honor, 
truth, and integrity, an ideal 
citizen and patriot, a noble 
character. For several 
weeks during his illness he 
was a guest of Col. Jerome 
Hill, of Memphis, where lov- 
ing hands administered to 
hi^ wants, and the best med- 
ical skill was in daily attend- 
ance. Their efforts were in 
vain, and he passed into 
eternal rest. He was buried 
at Oxford, Miss., his native State. 

HON. J. D. BULLOCK. 

J. D. Bullock, aged seventy-seven, who, during the 
civil w^ar, acted as a Confederate agent, and who nego- 
tiated for the building of the cruiser Alabama, died at 
Liverpool January 7, 1901. 




MARSHALL B. JONES. 



Qoi?j-ederate l/eterap 



35 



JOHN M INTOSH KELT,. 

John Mcintosh Kell for twenty years in the United 
States Navy ; flag lieutenant of the Confederate States 
cruiser Sumter, and executive officer of the famous 
Alabama, has been added to the Last Roll. 

John Mcintosh Kell was descended from the Mcln- 
tos*h family of Georgia, the members of which, partic- 
ularly his grandsire, won imperishable fame in the 
American revolution. Capt. Kell, to use the title 
given him by the Confederate States government, en- 
tered the United States navy in 1841 ; served in the 
war with Mexico in 1846, having taken part in the 
naval engagement at Vera Cruz; served under Perry 
when that bold, aggressive leader determined to open 
Japan to the civilization of the Western world. After 
this ("apt. Kell served in t lie Brazilian squadron, and 
when his State seceded Kell was on the verge of being 
made a commander. Had he forsaken his State and 
sought fortune and promotion under the stars and 
stripes, much distinction would have been awarded 
him; but he was oblivious of self, and was devotedly 
consecrated to the cause of the South. Admiral 
Raphael Semmes said of Kell: "He would have 
scorned an admiral's commission, if it had been ten- 
dered him at the price of treason against his State." 




JOHN M INTOSH KELL. 



RAPHAEL SEMMES. 



When the Confederate cruiser Sumter was fitted up. 
Semmes requested that Kell be assigned to dutj on it, 
which wa< .Ion-,'. Kell becoming Semimes's first lieu 

tenant anil executive officer. 

Capt. Kell had no characteristic so pronounced as 
his modesty. Had it nol been for other eyes, ears, 
tongue-, and pens than In-, perhaps not even a whis 
per or a line commemorative of his deeds would now 
be left. But his fame i- secure; for were there left no 
other mention of Kell than the high praise awarded 
him by Semmes. he would live in history. In "Service 
Afloat" Semmes discards the official form in alluding 
to Kell or mentioning his services, by specifying him 
as "my ever-trusted friend." "my brave, patriotic, and 
reliable first lieutenant, always ready, always true." 

The glory that attaches to Semmes belongs to Kell 
also, and the magnanimous Semmes never let an op- 
portunity pass without according to the modest, worthy 



Kell his deserts. After the war Capt. Kell. in a quiet, 
unostentatious manner, retired to country life at Sunny 
Side Ga., but soon a grateful people called him from 
his retirement to the office of Adjutant General of 
Georgia. The State conferred upon him the rank of 
brigadier general in acknowledgment of his services in 
in war. and as a tribute to his worth as a citizen Gen 
Kell was for many years the Adjutant General of Geor- 
gia, and he was the reencumbent of that office at the 
time of his death, just a few months ago. 

Private William Bergis Allen, once a member of 
Company A. I wenty-Second North Carolina Infantry 
sank to eternal rest near Louisville, Kv.. on Tuesday' 
Januarj 8, [901, aged sixty-one years. Tins veteran 
had a remarkable record as a soldier, for during the 
darkest days oi the great struggle he volunteered from 
the ranks to go as a gunner on the Confederate gun- 
boats, finally being assigned to the Alabama, and was 
with her when she went down in front of Cherbourg 
he being one of the few saved after a swm, of six milel 
1 man of unlimited courage, ami in a land 
engagement before lie we nt to sea it is related of him 
,llal he grasped the colors from the hands of his 
wounded ensign, and m a stentorian voice shouted: 

■ "ii. boys; we'll give 'em h to da\ " Then 

onward he plunged with the regiment bowed fro,,, the 
center. His undaunted courage and determinate 
wm the field had the desired effect, and the Yankees 
Red before that valiant regimenl of Tar Heels. 

With sentiments of deep sympathy herein is copied 
a letter from Lexington, Kv„ h\ Mrs. Emma B Tan- 
ner, statin-: "With sorrow 1 ask you to ei 
your hst oi subscribers the name of 1. |. Tanner for 

n AugUSt I J. 1. 100. was enrolled ln the Lamb's 

Book 01 Lite.' and another devoted Confederate has 
'en issed 1 n er the river.' " 

ERI.TNG 1; COCKRILL. 

Arkansas Di\ csion U. C, V. Wm. Gen.'s Offici 
Paragoi 1 d, Ark., January t8, [901. 

' W. /-.—The Major General < 
manding announces with deep sorrow the deatl 
January \2, 1901, of Comrade Sterling R. Cockri'll, a 
member ot the Confederate Monument Committe< in 
fifty-fourth yeai "> bis age. \ gallant soldier, a 
tireless H T l,er. a ripe scholar, a successful lawyer 
a learned judge, a spotless citizen, Comrade Cockril'l 
has bequi trhed to his family the priceless heritage of 
tie, and has left to his friends the example 
of full attainment of the rewards of a loft) purpose. 
.By command of V. W ( ook, Major General; [bhn 
F. Caldwell, \djutam General and Chief of St a tf"' 

A. C. Jones Camp. Greensboro Ala., adopted 
touching and appropriate resolutions of respect to the 

memor) ot the following members ,,f the (amp. 
answered the final roll call during 1900: Tames \Y. 
Locke, W. W. Powers, George Garnett, Munro 
Stokes. Jamets I'.. Stokes. W. 1',. Jeffries, W. C. Wilkin- 
son, John 1 ). I avender, and F. E. Bayol. 



36 



Confederate l/eterai>. 



FAITHFUL NEGROES WHO WERE SLAVES. 

SKETCH X)F FED ARDIS. 

A. N. Edwards writes from Strawn, Tex. : 

This is a good picture of Fed Ardis, who was the 
property of Mr. Isaac Ardis. Fed is now living in 
Texas, and is about seventy-five years old. He was 
given to Mr. Ardis's wife when he married her in Rus- 
sell County. Ala.. 1841. Fed was a good boy, and won 
the confidence of his master and mistress, and as the 
familv increased and grew he was a great favorite with 
the children because of his kindness to them. 

When the war came on Mr. Ardis made Fed his 
foreman, and intrusted all his farm business to him, 
which he managed very faithfully and successfully. 
Toward the close of the war the deserters became very 
troublesome in Southeast Alabama, and to protect 
themselves the old men of Dale County organized a 
small company of themselves and elected Mr. Ardis 
captain. He was a resolute, vigorous man, and made 
it so warm for the deserters that he incurred their bit- 
ter enmity. When away from home he trusted his 
business, his property, and his family to Fed and 
other faithful negroes on the place. His mistress 
would intrust her money and other valuables to Fed 
to keep them from falling into the hands of the ene- 
my. Occasionally Mr. Ardis would come home for a 
day or so to see how everything was getting on. On 
one occasion he came home to stay all night, but by 
some means the deserters found it out and planned 
to kill him. After supper Fed went to the lot to see 
about the mules, as was his custom, and in passing the 
front of the house he saw two men standing by the 
yard gate with guns. He went by whistling as though 
he had not seen them, and passed around to the back 
of the house and called his master to the window and 
told him not to go out, as there were men around to 
assassinate him. They closed the front door, blew out 
the lights, and Mr. Ardis passed out the back way. 
Fed went back to the negro quarters and got several 
other negro men with their axes and went back to the 
house, and placed them as guards around the house, 
and said to his Mistress : "Now. Miss Lizabeth, you go 
to sleep. If anybody gets in this house to-night, they 
have got to kill us 'first." 

Fed was always very re- 
ligious, and he was very 
able in prayer. During 
slavery he and other old 
faithful negroes would at- 
tend church and take their 
places in a cut-off portion 
of the church, just back of 
the pulpit, which was pro- 
vided for them in erecting 
churches. Strange as it 
may sound to some people 
at the North, Fed was fre- 
quently called on to pray, 
especially during prayer meeting services. 

He was a very sensible man, and his prayers were 
very effectual. After the war he obtained some 
education, and got license to preach, and soon became 
a "big preacher" among the negroes in Southern Ala- 
bama. Fie became a presiding elder in the Methodist 
Church. 




A few years ago he came to Texas, and Dr. Ardis, 
of Greenville (who had been his young master), sent 
him money to come on. He has just lately returned 
from a visit back to his old Conference in Alabama, 
the negroes then' having written him if he would visit 
their Conference they would pav his expenses. 

Soon after he went to preaching my wife, who was 
his young mistress, sent him a fine Oxford Bible, 
which he appreciates highly. 

Fed is doing well, and will have a good home on 
Dr. Ardis's place as long as he lives, and I very much 
believe will have a far better one when he crosses over 
"the Jordan." 

HANNIBAL ALEXANDER. 

Hannibal Alexander was a slave belonging to 
Parker Alexander. He went with his young master, 
Sidney Alexander, to the war, and did his duty faith- 
fully. "Ham" died recently in Monroe County, Miss. 
He and his wife Delia by industry made a good living 
and accumulated a competence, ever having the con- 
fidence and friendship of the white people about their 
lifetime home. Writes W. A. Campbell, of Columbus : 

In the army he was cook. He was in the siege of 
Fort Donelson. He was captured there, and went to 
Camp Douglass as a Confederate prisoner. He an- 
swered roll call all the time as a white soldier. Being 
a bright mulatto, he was brought to Vicksburg and 
exchanged with the others, and again went with his 
young master into service. 

The Federal sergeant that called the roll was some- 
what suspicious as to "Ham" (as he was called by the 
boys) being a slave, but he was told that living in Mis- 
sissippi he Was sunburned and that made him dark. 

Hannibal was a very intelligent negro, and knew if 
he left his master he could go free, but he elected to 
stay with him among the white men he had been raised 
with, and preferred to suffer with them. 

I knew Hannibal for more than forty years as slave 
and freeman, and he was ever polite and friendly to all 
his former owners. In the old days I went on many 
a hunting and fishing expedition with Sidney, with 
"Ham" to wait on us. 

His old master with whom he went in the army is 
yet alive, but in poor health. 

JEFFERSON DAVIS'S FORMER COACHMAN. 

The faithful, venerable Lewis Alexander, who has 
for so many jears been a genial and active messenger 
in the Treasury Department, died in Washington, 
January 8, at the advanced age of eighty years. Alex- 
ander was long in the service of Jefferson Davis as 
coachman, and he later went abroad and acted in the 
same capacity for the Belgian Minister. 

TRUCK FARM FOR RENT NEAR ATLANTA. 

At Dahlgren Station, near Atlanta, Ga., J. A. Dahl- 
gren desires to rent a large, comfortable residence and 
twenty-four acres of land suitable for farm purposes. 
The place is suitable for dairy and truck farming. It 
is easily accessible by three lines of electric cars, and 
is on the way between Atlanta and Decatur. Address 
J. A. Dahlgren, Dahlgren Station, Atlanta, Ga. 



Qorpfederat^ l/eterao. 



37 



CONFEDERATE SENTIMENT IN TENNESSEE. 

The Legislature of Tennessee, in session, has been 
most generous to the Confederate element in the State. 
In every necessary appropriation action has been, or 
promises to be, liberal, and in the election of State offi- 
cers Confederate Veterans, Sons, and Daughters have 
been favorites. 




l APT. JOHN W. MORTON, SECRETARY <OS STATE. 

The mosl noted selection was thai for Secretary of 
State, awarded to Capt. John W, Morton, who was 
Chief artillery officer in Forrest's cavalrj ,and one 
youngesl artillery officers in the array. Becau 
army associations this news will be pleasant and inter- 
esting in many sections of the South. He is well 
known and popular in all Confederate sections. 

The zeal of Capt. Morton's comrades in this 
was extraordinary. The) came from all the divisions 
of the State, and were zealous until success was 
achieved. His competitors were popular and strong. 
Hon. Tnlly Brown, who was an officer in Morton's 
command, said he sough! the election of Capt. Mor- 
ton not because he was a Confederate soldier, but lie 
was one and a true one. . . He earned and de- 

served the complete confidence of Gen. Bedford For- 
rest, one of the ablesl and most exacting soldiers the 
war produced. Again Comrade Brown said: "There 
is another battle the old Confederates fought that 
menced after the war was over— a battle that was 
[ought amid poverty, humiliation, and despair; a bat- 
tle that was won by ex-( onfederate soldiers under dis- 



advantages never before experienced by any other race 
of men, and it was fought and won that the children of 
this generation should have an easier and more pros- 
perous life. We are paying out of the South thirty 
odd millions of dollars annually to support soldiers who 
fought against us. I don't think that we ought to 
turn our backs on our own. I think Capt. Morton 
should be elected because in the most arduous trial that 
man was ever subjected to he was true and faithful to 
the end. 

NOMINATED BY SENATOR HOUSTON. 

Senator Houston nominated Capt. Morton as "a 
man whose qualifications are conceded by all, and 
integrity and citizenship are above and be- 
yond censure or reproach; a man who has been 
1 in times that tried men's souls, and who was 
Found every whit a patriot and a hero, and whose valor 
still shines through forty years of time like an un- 
dimmed star; a man who followed the immortal For- 
rest through three long years, who was never known to 
shirk a duty, and the sound of whose artillery was 
among the last to die in the air; a man in every way 
worth) of and qualified for the position." 

Thr race for State Librarian was. as usual, more ex- 
citing than any other of the offices. Cor many years 
the Librarian has been elected b) the State Legislature, 
and candidates have been diligent, as women ever are. 
On i ne i iccasii m there w ere said to be more than sixty 
candidates, and much more money has been expended 
by the State doubtless fn the elections than in the sal- 
paid to Librarians. In the recent selection by 
Democratic caucus all the candidates were of Con- 
federate families and zealously supported, hut the con- 
test was practically between Miss Jennie E. Lauder- 
dale, the efficient incumbent, and. Mrs. lulu I',. Epper 
son, who was chosen. Tin' latter will lie recalled by 
friends in the Carolinas and Georgia, through 
which she journeyed in connection with the Veteran. 




MRS. Ll'Ll li. EPPERSON, STATE LIBRARIAN. 



38 



Confederate l/eterai). 




This seal is the one accepted by the Arkansas Divi- 
sion United Daughters of the Confederacy. The four 
flags are the ones used by the Confederate nation from 
her inception to the hour of her death. The wreath is 
the Palmetto leaf — typical of the first State that se- 
ceded from the Union (South Carolina), forming with 
others the nation of Confederate States. The motto, 
"Magnus Ab Integro — Saeclorum Nascitur Ordo," is 
the old motto of the colonies and United States until 
1885. 

DEDICATORY PRAYER OF MONUMENT. 

Rev. M. M. Benton, Archdeacon of Louisville, made 
the following prayer at the dedication of the Confed- 
erate monument at Owensboro, Ky., September 21, 
1900: 

Direct us, O Lord, in all our doings with thy most 
gracious favor, and further us with thy continued help ; 
that in all our works, begun, continued, and ended in 
thee, we may glorify thy holy name ; and especially 
we beseech thee to bless this our present undertaking. 

Grant that this monument about to be unveiled may 
ever be an eloquent witness to the truth that a life 
given to duty is never sacrificed in vain. May it be 
a silent but powerful preacher, pleading with men to 
be ready to do battle for the right, to struggle for lib- 
erty and justice, and to sacrifice property, home, 
even life itself, in defense of country ! May it ever 
teach that the apparent defeat of our most cherished 
ambition may be thy answer, in mercy given, to earnest 
prayer leading to the recognition of thy sovereignty 
and to cheerful submission to thy will ! 

Heavenly Father, we ask in behalf of the widows 
and orphans of our comrades who gladly gave their-lives 
in defense of their country's cause, that thou be their 
protector, and raise up defenders for them for their 
remaining days. Bless, we beseech thee, the labors of 
the noble women who have reared this monument to 
commemorate duty faithfully done ! 

Gracious Father, we ask thy blessing upon all our 
people; overrule our mistakes and errors, that in spite 
of our passion, prejudice, and ignorance we may dwell 



in peace, one people, with one heart and one mind, 
under one flag, serving one God ! All of which we 
\ask in the name of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, 
to whom, with tin e and the Holy Ghost, be honor and 
glory world without end. Amen. 



Mrs. Stella P. Dinsmore, President of the Chapter, 
writes from Sulphur Springs, Tex. : 

The Joseph Wheeler Chapter, No. 243, held its reg- 
ular meeting November 2 in the elegant home of the 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Lydia Nance. Fifteen 
members were in attendance. The entrance hall and 
sitting room were decorated with Confederate flags, 
and red and white roses, in cut glass rose bowls, filled 
the air with rare and sweet perfume. 

After the regular business was dispatched the ladies 
were invited into the beautiful dining room decorated 
with quaint lanterns of artistic design and lovely flow- 
ers of red and white enriched by cut glass and silver. 
Delicious cakes, fresh fruits, etc., were served, while 
the strains of "Dixie," rendered on piano and mando- 
lin by Misses Coral Rash and Kate A. Dinsmore, float- 
ed in from the parlor. 

It was to all a pleasant and profitable afternoon. 
The "daylight was hiding in the sleeve of night" be- 
fore the members reluctantly bade adieu to our much- 
loved and efficient Corresponding Secretary. 



MR, JOHN H, WALLACE. 
His Authority on Horses — His Publications- 



Personal. 



The Veteran makes record with pride of the achievements 
of Mr. John H. Wallace, well known for over half a century 
in connection with American gentlemen interested in thor- 
oughbred horses. 




^^ J. H. WALLACE. 

Mr. Wallace is a Pennsylvanian, born in 1822. He was 
offered a cade'tship at West Point, but declined because his 
father thought there was "better employment" for him than 
that of "killing men." Delicate health induced outdoor life, 



Confederate 1/eteran. 



39 



and he went West — to Iowa. Later he returned Bast, and 
a quarter of a century ago he started Wallace's Monthly in 
conmecton with Benjamin Singerly, and New York City 'has 
been his home since then. He has been twice married, and 
has a companion but no children. 

By diligence and constancy Mr. Wallace became the most 
eminent American authority on the horse. Wallace's "Amer- 
ican Stud Book," "American Trotting Register." and "Year- 
book" are all standard. His publishing interests were con- 
centrated in the Wallace Trotting Register Company, and he 
retired in iSgi. In 1897 he published "The Horse erf Vmerica," 
copies of which may be procurable. His address is 40 West 
Ninety-Third Street, New York City. 

Mr. Wallace is engaged now in perfecting a history as com- 
plete as possible of the Riggs family in America, and would 
appreciate information from any persons by that name or 
Faimily. He is growing old gracefully, and is a warm hearted 
friend of the Southern people, app] 1 

K, doubtless, as any \yho ever lived at the North all his life 
It has been ever pleasant to realize his appreciation of them. 

The relation between him and the editor of the VET] 
li.i- long been intimate, and a tribute 

in this very complimentary way: "Of all the men I have 
ever met in this world, you are the most kindly and obliging." 
In a letter on Christmas eve lie wrote: "1 .1111 now 
old man in feeble health, and looking Forward to 
of my earthly career. But there i' 



THE WANDERING JEW. 
An Old Story Retold : A New Version. 

This is the title of a new book just published by the B 
Printing Co., Columbia, S. C. The story is told in 
verse. It is the old story of the Wandering lew, told with an 
entirely different gloss. This Jew. instead of being urn 

curse and wandering the world the unhappiest man thai 
lived, for railing upon Christ as lie went to the crucifixion, is 
I he happiest, and wanders the world to do good. When he 
cursed the Saviour as he passed his weary way to Calvary, 
Christ looked at him and said the saddest and sweetest words 
man evei uttered : "Salathiel, you must tarry till I corneal 
["he words cut him 10 the heart, and he fell to tin- ground as 
one dead. When he came to himself he fell thai lie had undei 
gone .1 wonderful change. Life, life, a blessed and eternal, 
happy life, has entered into him. and he walks beside tin Saviour 
always to comfort and console the sad and sorrowful. In his 
rings lie meets the writer of this hook, and to him tells 
the Story of his wanderings, with historical notes and comments 
upon the events of the wi and passing, down to the 

present time. 

1 l.o ing brought his story to a conclusion, the wandi rer asks 
his companion, to whom he has been relating it. 10 tell to him 
the story of his country. America : how it be what it is, 

so great and growing, when only a few years ago it was un- 
known to the great world, and. in fact, had no existence. Then 
follow 1 nd part, America, which itself is divide, I into 

four parts. Three parts are purely historical : hut in the fourth 
part the narrator becomes prophetical, and concludes b 
daring that the flag of the stars is finally to he the tlag of the 
w,,,-l,l. becau e it is the only (lag of the free But this is on the 
Ondition that the people remain pure and line 

\ lady «ho has just read the book writes to the autho 
thank you most cordially for the book, and I am now reading 
it and gathering the greatest amount of pleasure from it. It is 
full of fine thoughts embodied in fine imagery and good 
lish. It is giving me a great deal of enjoyment, and I only wish 
the world might read it." 

Vnother reader writes thus: " 'The Wandering Jew' is very 
good. T hope it will be a financial success to you." 

Trice of the book, ?t. cloth, and so cents, paper, postpaid. 
An order promptly filled by the Bryan Printing Co., Columbia, 
S. C, or by the "Wandering Jew." New Ik 1 1 v. S 1 ' 

A personal note from the author (at Newberry) states: "I 
want to reach, if possible, the relations of Sam Davis and I 
Crozier, of Texas. These two men were. I believe, the great- 
est heroes of whom I ever read. Crozicr was killed here by 
order of Col. Trowbridge, in [865. 



ADMIRAL RAPHAEL SEMMES. 
An Edition of " Service Afloat " Offered by the Veteran. 

It would be impossible to compile a complete and accurate 
history of our civil war if the record of the cruisers Sumter 
and Alabama, of the Com', ivy, were left out. Indeed 

this record contains information of service and events of 
the war between the stales that cannot be had elsewhere. 

Admiral Se-mmes kept a log book and daily journal of the 
Sumter and Alabama: and these data, coupled with his recoi- 
ls of iln- stirring events that kept the world in u 
are embraced in his great book, "Service Aflo 




ADMIRAL SEMMES. 

ich wiih information of peoples and nations 
ol the world, climates and phenomena of the ocean. The 

t is superb. The author 

,1 lawyer. r. and a profound states- 

s him to have been a student of the 

1 1 1 1 < 1 1 ; and 'In- formation of our national com- 

u causes winch brought about the war 

are ch in'd fh< truth, and "Service Afloat" will 

, to the student y, and 

will ever hi rd and jus : 1 hern view; 

and it is lln dl) truth and of every Con- 

,| ol every Southern father to have this book in 

"Servi< 1 hke a romance, and it is 

from iln l: oon- 

lains fifti 1 portraits and eight colored engravings. 

II, ould he iii 1 the "Rise 

and Fall of the 1 ' eminent." by President Davis. 

While the hook hat ion bet n out of print for a long time 

the Veteran announces bhe p entl of an edition in 

c l,,tl, i: will be s< ui postpaid for six new 
it with renewal and on for 

S, Send fh< \ > < R I* bo a friend, and get your own r, 
free in this 

\ ! i ra Sam Davis's Ph n tu tw 11 \ndle. 

A knife is an almost indispensable .uncle for a man's pocket, 
and it should be of first-class material. The Veteran offers ? 
knife guaranteed to give satisfaction, made of the very best 
steel. It is two-bladed, and under a plate of celluloid appears 
the picture of Sam Davis. This beautiful and good knife is 
given with a year's subscription for two dollars, or sent as a 
premium for five subscribers. Schoolboys can easily make up 
the club and secure this fine knife free. 



40 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



CONSUMPTION CL'RED. 

_ An old physician, retired from practice, hod placed in 
his bands oy an East India missionary the formula of a 
simple vegetable remedy for the f peedy and pel 
cure t.f t'uni-umplitiu. Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma, and 
all Tbroatand Lung Affections; also aposn I 

cure for Nervous .Debility and all Nervous Complaints. 
Having tested its wonderful curative powers in fchi 
of cases, and desiring to relieve human BnOerlng. I will 
eend free i.f charge to all who Irish it this recip&TiD Ger- 
man, French, or English, with full directions i r prepar- 
i (uiog. Bent bj mail, by :uldressiDg, with stamp, 
ling this — 
Boc heater. N. 



naming this^ paper, V. A. Noyea, S(7 Powers Block, 



RYAN, TUK POET PRIEST. 

HV MRS. MARY WAKE, BIKMINl.M \M, ALA. 

He furled his last banner, and, folded to 
rest. 

Now peacefully sleeps in the land he 
loved best; 

He loved our sweet Southland 'mid sor- 
row and gloom, 

He wreatehad her fair forehead with 
beauty and bloom. 

A friend to his country, a pariot he; 
No Southerner ever more faithful could 

be, 
And gratitude claims for his memory 

now 
A wreath of immortelles to circle his 

brow. 

Sweet nature 'had stamped him a poet 

by birth, 
With an ear attuned to the music of 

earth: 
This genius begotten of sorrow and 

pain, 
A wail or a dirge, a mournful refrain. 

A fragrance exhaled from crushed roses 

that lie 
With their pitiful faces turned up to the 

sky; 
Or a strain of wild music burdened with 

pain. 
When heart strings are trembling and 

bursting in twain. 

A weary soul treading life's pathway 

alone. 
With never a heart to respond to its 

own; 
But so long as earth's sorrows must 

sadden our days 
Shall the memory of Ryan be circled 

with bays. 

ST. CHARLES HOTEL. 

Visitors to the Mardi Gras festivities 
at New Orleans can find no better place 
of entertainment than the St. Charles 
Hotel, advertisement of which will be 
found on the first inside cover page of 
this number. Mr. Andrew R. Blalcely, 
one of the proprietors, is a genial vet- 
eran, and will leave nothing undone for 
the comfort of his patrons. He is a sur- 
vivor of the Second Company of Wash- 
ing Artillery; served in Virginia, and 
was wounded and lost his right eye at 
Second Manassas. He was captured in 
the field hospital and imprisoned at 
Washington. Being disabled for field 
service, he was detailed in the Treasury 
Department, where he served till the 
close of the war. He is now captain of 
the Second Company 'of Washington 
Artillery survivors, and a colonel on 
Gen. German's staff. 



FEDERAL NURSERY HYMN— 1863. 
(From the New York News.) 

Sing a song of greenbacks, 

A pocket full of trash, 
Over head and ears in debt. 

And out of ready cash; 
Heaps of tax collectors, 

As busy as a bee — 
Ain't we in a pretty fix. 

With gold alt fifty-three? 

Abe in the White House, 

Proclamations printing; 
Mead on the Rapidan, 

Afraid to do the fighting; 
Seward in the Cabinet, 

Surrounded by his spies; 
Halleck with the telegraph, 

Busy forging lies; 

Chase in the treasury, 

Making worthless notes; 
Curtain at Harrisburg, 

Making shoddy coats; 
Gilmore at Charleston, 

Lost in a fog; 
Forney under Abe's chair. 

Barking like a dog; 

Shetik down at Baltimore. 

Doing dirty work; 
Butler at Norfolk, 

As savage as a Turk; 
Sprague in Rhode Island, 

Eating apple sass; 
Everett at Gettysburg. 

Talking like an ass; 

Banks out in Texas, 

Trying to cut a figure; 
Beecher in Brooklyn, 

Howling for the nigger; 
Lots of abolitionists, 

Kicking up a yell; 
In conies Parson Brownlow, 

And sends all to hell; 
Burnside at Knoxville, 

In a kind of fix; 
Dalgren at Sumter. 

Pounding at the bricks; 
Grant at Chattanooga, 

Trying Bragg to thrash— 
Is it any wonder 

The Union's gone to smash? 



It Is Not &. Liniment 

Nor a Salve. Contains no 
grease nor ammonia. It is 
a pleasant, stainless liqui'J. 
A rational, scientific, chem- 
ical compound. 

Dr. Tichenor's 
Antiseptic 

stands preeminently superior 
to any remedy offered the 
public for healing wounds, 
burns, and other injuries. 
I'sed internally, 

It Is a. Fine Thing 

for COLIC and DOWEL 
TROUBLES. 

For Sale by All Druggists. 



EXTRA 



FOR THE NEXT THIRTY 
DAYS ONLY, WE WILL, 
for CASH WITH ORDER, 

PRINT, TAB, AND DELIVER, 

Express Prepaid, 

500 letter heads, 
500 bill heads, 
500 envelopes, 

The Whole Thing Complete for the Small 

Sum of $3.00. 
TRIBUNE-COURIER PTG. CO., 

Memphis, Tenn. 



50 YEARS* 

EXPERIENCE 




Trade Marks 

Designs 

Copyrights Ac. 

A 11 von p sending a sketch and description piny 
quickly nscertain our opinion free whether nil 
invention is probably patentable. Communica- 
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents 
sent free. Oldest apency for securingpatenta. 

Patents taken tbrouph Munn & Co. receive 
special notice, without c harg e, iutbe 

Scientific JUtterican. 

A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir- 
culation of any scientific journal. Terms. $3 a 
year; four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers. 

" & Co. 36,Broad "-»- New York 

Branch Office, (36 F St.. Washington, D. C. 



FREE 



BIRO AND CA6E 
ANGORA CAT 
BELGIAN HARES 



Wewlllglveaway 6080 Animals, Canary Birds, 

Mocking Birus, BuUnncbes, Parrots, etc.. Dogs, 
Angora Cats, Belgian Hares, Aquariums, GoldFish, 
Bhetlund Ponies, Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, Mon- 
keys, Squirrels, etc., together with fancy cages. 
We mean exactly what we say. We will send you 
a pair of beautiful Angora Cats now all the rage, 
blrdswlthcageorany olIkt animal you may want. 
We have been breeding for years, and have a fine 
stock of animals that we are going to giveaway la 
the next few weeks. 

WE START YOU IN BUSINESS 

We want animals raised, as the demand Is greater 
than the supply, and with difficulty we have 
reserve! 6080 animals for breeding purposes, to be 
distributed free, and -we start you In a paying busi- 
ness and put v >u In the w;:v of making money with- 
out you Investing one cent for the animals. Genuine 
Angora Cats are worth from $::i.(jO to 81(10.00 each, 
and these animals are eary to raise. Belgian Hares 
may be raised in an attio or cellar.or small city 
backyard without difficult v. They breed from ten 
to twelve at a time, six times a year, and sell for 
seemingly fabulous prices, and service alone from a 
good buck Is worth S25.C0. Lar^e profits are easily 
and quickly made by those who begin now. Send 
no money, simply act ntonoe, write us to day and bo 
one of those to get ft flue Song Bird or Parrot with 
cage, a beautiful pair of Genuine Angora Cats, a 
complete Aquarium with fiBh, shells and plants. 
Give the name of your nearest express office and say 
whatanlmaloraquarlum you want and It will be 
sent exactly according to our offer. We pay ex- 
press charges. This advertisement means exactly 
what It says and is simply an enterprising plan to 
IncreaseourbUBlnesscapaclty. AddressDEP. 20U. 
ANIMAL WORLD, 248 West 23d St.. New York. 



Confederate l/eterap, 



41 



THE CAPTIVE ON LAKE ERIE. 

The following lines, written on the 
fly leaf of a book by Col. C. W. Frazer, 
of Memphis, Tenn., while he was a 
prisoner on Johnson's Island, have ' a 
pathetic interest. The book came into 
the possession of a young woman, who 
is now the wife of Col. William H. Her- 
bert, Collector of Customs of the port 
at Sandusky, Ohio, and who was a Con- 
federate 'ofiicer: 

A captive on a lake-girt isle 

Looks on the waters sadly, 
His thought on one whose blessed smile 

Would welcome him so gladly, 
But that beneath a Northern sky — 

A sky to him so dreary — 
He's doomed to pine and vainly sigh, 

Away out on Lake Erie. 

The winds that waft to others bliss 

But mock him with their tone ; 
The lips arc pale they stoop to kiss 

With yearning for his home. 
The waves that da^h upon the beach 

Keep ceaseless watch and weary; 
They chant of joy- beyond tin- reach 

Of him who looks on Erie. 

They bear to him his mother's lone. 

His sister's mournful song. 
Until he tongs to be alone 

Far from that captive throng; 
And when In- lays him down to sleep, 

With aching heart and u . ■ 
The winds and waves lii -, vigils keep, 

Dear dreamer on Lake Erie. 

But all who love him pray to God 

To bless his precii ms life 
With patience to endure the rod. 

With faith to dose the strife. 
And look beyond the dreary morn 

To brighter days and hotter. 
When native winds shall fan his brow. 

And only fond arms fetter. 



MARD1 GRAS CELEBRATIONS. 
On account of March' Gras celebration 

at New Orleans and Mobile. Ala., 
ruary 14 to 10. 1001, the Southern Rail- 
way will sell tickets from all points on 
its lines to New Orleans and return, 
and from all points on its lines to Mo 
bile, Ala, and return, at rate of one fare 
for the round trip I iU be sold 

February u to 18, 1901, inclusive, and 
for trains arriving at New Orleans and 
Mobile not later than twelve moo 
February 19, 1900. All tickets li 
to return until March 7, [901. For fur- 
ther information call on Southern Rail 
way ticket agents. 



FREE T< I E\ ERYBODY. 

Dr. J. M. Willis, a specialist of Craw 
fordsville, Ind., will send free by mail 
to all who send him their address, a 
package of Pansy Compound, which is 
two weeks' treatment with printed in- 
structions, and is a positive cure for con- 
stipation, biliousness, dyspepsia, rheu- 
matism, neuralgia, nervous or sick head- 
ache, fa grippe, and blood poison. 



WATCH YOUR BLOOD ! 

Pimples, Itching Skin, Boils, Aches in Back or 

Joints, Falling Hair, Give Warning— Blood 

Made Pure and Rich by B. B. B. 

WRITE FOR FREE TRIAL BOTTLE. 



The blood is the life, hence the neces- 
sity of watching it. Is this life-giving 
current free from Humors and Poison? 
Have you any of the following symp- 
toms : 

Blood thin and skin pale. 

X' '-e-bleeding, headache 

Circulation of the blood slow and 
weak. 

Pimples or eruptions. 

Skin itches and burns. 

Boils or carbuncles at stated seasons. 

Skin dry and scaly, with crusts and 
scabs. 

Skin dotted with dirty little specks. 

Prickhng pains in the skin. 

Ulcers, old sores, cancer, scrofula, 
eczema, scalp humors, falling hair. 

Tired, discouraged, and used up. 

Bone pains, swollen joints or glands 

Rheumatism, catarrh. 

As tired in the morning as when you 
went to bed. 

- and pains in back. 

If you have any one or all of 1 
troubles, take B. B. B. (Botanic Blood 
Balm). This is especially true if other 
lies or doctors have failed to cure 
you. In that case B. B I: (Botanic 
Balm) is jusfl the medicine you 
have hern looking for. because it makes 
a permanent cure, heal;: sore, 

making the blood pure and rich, and 
giving a soft, rich glow to 'the skin. No 
more pimples, bone pains, rheumatism 
after using B. B. B. 

Especially in cancer is B. B. B. mak- 
ing marvelous cures. 

What Is Botanic Blood Balm 
(B. B. B.)? 

Botanic Blood Balm (B. B. B.) is a 

rful, Trustworthy, Non-Poisonous 



Blood Puntier, and Maker ol New, 
Rich Blood. B. B. B. is compounded 
of Pure Botanical ingredients. It acts 
directly on the Glands, the Liver, and 
Kidneys, causing these organs to drain 
from the blood the Impurities, Poisons, 
and Humors, which are the direct cause 
of Eczema, Cancer. Ulcere, Rheuma- 
tism, Bone Pains, etc. Botanic Blood 
Balm is especially free from irritating 
3, even when used by the most 
ite, or by babies, advantages that 
have given Blood Balm a preference 
over other blood remedies, in that it 
may be used freely, according to direc- 
without fear of prejudicial effect, 
etc. B. B. B. was discovered by Dr. 
Gillam, the great Southern Blood and 
Skin specialist. 

Finest Blood Purifier of the Age. 

Thirty years of successful, permanent 
cures behind B. 1'.. B. The most won 
derful and finest Blood Purifier of the 
age. If you have the slightest symptom 
of impure blood, or if there is a trace of 
it in the family history, take a 
ties I'.., and thus prevent a 

more serious attack. For sale by drug- 
gists everywhere. $1 per large bottle. 
So sufferers may t. trial 

bottle will he -nu free on request. This 
is an honest offer to prove at our ex- 
pense that B. B. B. cures. So writ 
day. Address Blood Balm Go., 77 
Mitchell Street, Atlanta, Ga. Medicine 
sent prepaid. Describe trouble, and 
free medical advice will be given until 
cured. B. B. B. is superior to Sarsa- 
parillas as a spring medicine. 



42 



QoF)federat<^ l/eterar?. 



"LAND OF THE SKY." 

In Western North Carolina, between 
the Blue Ridge on the east and the Alle- 
ghanies on the west, in the beautiful val- 
ley of the French Broad, two thousand 
feet above the sea, lies Asheville, beau- 
tiful, picturesque, and world-famed as 
one of the most pleasant resort: in Amer- 
ica. It is a land of bright skies and in- 
comparable climate, whose praises have 
been sung by poets, and whose beauties 
of stream, valley, and mountain height 
have furnished subject and inspiration 
for the painter's brush. This is truly the 
"Land of the Sky," and there is perhaps 
no more beautiful region on the conti- 
nent to attract pleasure tourists or health 
seekers. Convenient schedules and very 
low rates to Asheville via the Southern 
Railway. 



For handsome picture of steamships 
and hotels, 30X.10 inches, for framing, 
send 8 cents in postage to B. W. Wrenn, 
Passenger Traffic Manager Plant Sys- 
tem. Savannah, Ga. 



For beautifully illustrated deck of 
playing cards write B. W. Wrenn, Pas- 
senger Traffic Manager Plant System, 
Savannah, Ga., sending twenty-five cents 
in postage or cash. 



S outhern Pailway. 

6,888 MILES. 

ONE MANAGEMENT. 

Penetrating eight Southern States. Reach- 
ing principal cities of the South 
with its own lines. 

Solid Vestibulcd Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment. 
Fast Schedules. 



DINING CARS 



are operated on Southern Rail- 
way trains. 



OBSERVATION CARS 9" Washington and 

, southwestern Vesti- 

bulcd Limited, and 
Washington and Chattanooga Limited via Lynch- 
burg. 

ELEGANT PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS 



of the latest pattern on all through trains. 

J. M. CULP, Traffic Manager, Washington, D. C. 
W". A. TURK, Gen'l Pass. Agt., Washington, D. C. 
C. A. BENSCOTER, Assistant General Passenger 
Agent, Chattanooga, Tenn. 



Cheap Texas Lands. 



The San Antonio and Aransas Pass 
Railway covers Central and South Tex- 
as. Good lands. Reasonable prices. 
Mild and healthful climate. Address 
E. J. Martin, Gen'l Pass. Agent, San 
Antonio, Tex. 



^smmmv&fm 



Destroy the Germs; 
Cure the Disease! 




Sent on Three Days' Trial 

FREE. 

The above illustration shows how the E.J. 
Worst Scientific Catarrh Inhaler sends Lhe 
medicated nir into every air passage of the 
head. Nothing but air can penetrate these fine 
i.ir cells and re;ich the homes of the living 
germs that cause disease. No snuff", powders, 
douche or spray can possibly reach them. 
Don't be deceived—make no mistake— apply 
comraoi: sense, and you will find that 

E. J. Worst 5 s Catarrh Inhaler 

i s the only instrument that will give you quick 
return for a small ou-tlav, and perfect satisfac- 
tion as a Cure for Catarrh, Colds. Pains and 
Roaring In the Head. Bronchitis, Sore Throat, 
Headache. Partial Deafness, and all Diseases of 
lhe Air Passages. 

SPECIAL OFFER. 

For a short time I will mail to any i tader, 
naming this paper, one of my new Scientific 
Catarrh Inhalers, with medicine lor one yenr 
011 three days' trial free. If it gives satisfac- 
tion, send me $1.00; if not, return it nfter three 
days' trial. Could any proposition be fairer? 

S, J, WORST, 5 8? Main Sir eet. Ashland, 0, 

Not Sold by Druggists, AGENTS WANTED 



CDCPTMPI CC atwnolesale. send 

drClf I HOLE- 3 foroataloK. Agents 
wanted. COl'LTEROPTIl'AL CO. Chicago, W, 



* Does Your Ronf Leak? 3 

i 
1 



Does Your Roof Leak? 

OLD ROOFS BUDS GOOD AS NEW. 

If an old leaky tin, iron, or steel roof, 
paint it with Allen's Auti-Kust Japan. 
One coat is enough; no skill required; 
costs little, goes far, and lasts lorn*. Stops 

leaks and prolongs the life of old roofs. 
Write for evidence and circulars. Agents 
wanted. Allen Anti-Rust Mfg. Co., 
41J Vine Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 



Montpelier Home 
School for Girls. 

Overlooking 

Central Park, New York. 

A school of the highest order, with a 
limited number of students, all the care 
ami comforts of home ami t he advan- 
tages of New York. For terms address 

Mrs. T. Tileston Greene, 

3 West 84th St;, New York. 

Refers by Permission to 

Gen. FiTznrun Lee, Havana, Cuba; 

Bishop T. W. Dudley, D.D., Louisville, Ky.; 

Ex -Gov. Thus. G. Jones, Montgomery, Ala.; 

Gen. E. P. Alexander, Savannah, Ga. ; 

J. M. DoCKEKY, Esq., Memphis, Tenn.; 

Joshua Brown, Esq.. j.t Wall St., New York: 
and to any member of the New York or Vir- 
ginia Chapters United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy. 



Rife Hydraulic Engine 

The only Air-Fed pump of its class 

made. Pumps water by water power. 

Your spring is as weak now as it 

everis. Measure its flow 

[ ami atl vise nH,iii:it I may 

give you an absolute 

■ vV^'^l '- rll ' ininl '''' °f what our 

-*Ii' Je. engine will do for you. 

Chauncey O. Foster, Special Agent, 

3 Berry Block, N ashvii.le, Tenn. 





ESTABLISHED 1867 INCORPORATED 1893. 



ffhe frank Anderson &roduee %o. 

SOLICITS CONSIGNMENTS OF 

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. 



REFERENCE : 

ANY FIRM IN TOWN. 



PROMPT RETURNS. 



The Frank Anderson Produce Co., Nashville, Tenn. 



ONION SETS. 



FRITH 

6c CO., 



147 North Market Street, Nashville, Tenn. 



Confederate l/eterai). 



48 



ST. LOUIS TO SAN FRANCISCO, 

Pullman tourist sleeper leaves St. 
Louis 8: ij p M. Thursday, November 15, 
and every Thursday thereafter, via Iron 
Mountain Route, through Little Rock to 
Texarkana, Tex., and Pacific Railway 
through Dallas and Fort Worth to El 
Paso, Southern Pacific to Los Angeles 
and San Francisco without change. The 
ideal route for winter travel through the 
"Sunny South," avoiding ice and snow 
blockades. Special agent in charge of 
sleepers. 

Connection made with this excellent 
service at Little Rock, leaving Memphis 
(Iron Mountain Route) 8 p.m. e 
Thursday. Low Rates one way. and 
round trip to California points. 

For particulars, rates, free descriptive 
literature, map folders, etc., call on near- 
est ticket agent, or address R. T. <i 
Matthews, T. P. A., 304 W. Main S 
Louisville, Ky.; II. C ["ownsend, <■'•■ P. 
and T. A., St. Louis, Mo. 



Great Opportunities for 
Homes in Texas. 

The country traversed by the 
International and Great Northern 

Railroad, embracing the greatei 
portion of East, .South, and Soul h- 
west Texas, contains thousands 
of acres of fertile land especially 
adapted to general farming, sto< k- 
raising, rice, tobacco, fruit, and 
grape culture, trucking, mining, 
and lumber manufacturing, that 
can be purchased at low rates and 
on exceedingly liberal terms. 

The Ill ustrator 

a nd General Narrator , 

a handsomely illustrated m 

ly magazine, published by the 

1. & G. N. R. R., 

Sent Free 



to anv address on receipt of 25c 
to cover a year's postage, or 21 
for sample copy, contains reliable 

information regarding tins mat- 
ter. Address 



l). J. 



>RICE, a. P. & T. A., 

Palestine, Texas 



PLEASE MENTION THIS PAPER. 



SALESMEN WANTED. 
Traveling Men desiring a salable side lino of 

well-established staple goods (nol requiring the 
1 tnnying of samples) — commission 2u and 20 — 
MANUFACTURER, P. O. Box 153. 
Covington, Ky. 

HUSTLING YOUNG MAN make Ho 

month and expenses. Permanent position. Bxpe< 

essary. Write quick for part i- 
I 'i Hi, a Co., fth and Locust Ms., Phlladelphl 1, Pa, 



BETWEEN 


ST. LOUIS 


AND 


TEXAS 


AND 


MEXICO. 



THE 

I.&G.N, 



BETWEEN 
BIRMINGHAM, 
MERIDIAN 

AND 

TEXAS 

VIASHREVEPORT. 



The International and Great Northern 
Railroad Company 

IS THE SHORT LINE. 



Through Cars and Pullman Sleepers 
Daily. Superior Passenger Service. 
Fast Trains and Mo lern Equipment. 

IF YOU ARE GOING ANYWHERE, 

Ask I. .-in 1 <:. \. \ 'iii- 

plete 1 ill TUinlii'i!. or ^ i He 
D. J. PRICE, 

L. PRICE, 

'.'.1 Vice Pn idenl rat Superlnl 

PALESTINE, TEX, 



BETWEEN 

KANSAS 

CITY, 
TEXAS, 

AND 

MEXICO. 



THE 

I.&G.N, 



BETWEEN 
MEMPHIS 

AND 

TEXAS 

AND 

MEXICO. 



Winter Resorts. 

Texas, New and < >M Mexico 
best reac hed via 

Iron Mountain Route 

from 

ST. LOUIS, CAIRO, or MEMPHIS. 

Three 1 asl Trains Daily from St. Louis. 

Two Fast Trains Daily from Memphis. 
Through Pullman sleepers and Elegant 
Free Ret lining Chair Cars on all trains. 

Quickest route and best service to 

Texas and the West, 



Reduced Winter'!', in I rates in 1 
V . , ember 1. [900, to April 30, [9 n 
Tickets on ■■ lie daiU . Final return 
June 1, [901. 

Home Seeker Excursion tickets on sale 
via Iron Mountain Route to Western 
Points Semimonthly. One fare plus $2 
round trip, limited 21 days. 

F01 particulars, rates, f r ,e descriptive 
literature, map folders, etc., consull 
e t ticket agent, or address 

R. T. Q. MATTHEWS, 

T. P. A., 304 W. Main St., Louisville, kx 

H. C. TOWNSEND, 

G. P. and T. A., St. Louis, Mo. 

American Bread Company, 

619-621 CHURCH ST., 
.NASHVILLE. TENN. 

BLUE SEAL BREAD. 

"Cleanest Bakery in the world. " Ask 

your irrocer for it. Sold in five stales. 



Enjoy Your Breakfast, 

BY USING OUR NEW STANDARD 



CM3 



CDCfTMPI EC"'"''"'".'!!'*. Krnd 

OrCb IHuLC9r,i.Miii>ii;.Ak'i'nH 

^wanted. COl'LTKROI'TlblLCO. thlengOitll. 




IT IS INDEED A RARE TREAT. 

II is packed in \ BSOL1 1 1:1. V UK- 
IK. Ill' TRADE -MARK BAGS, which 
will preserve the strength ami flavor for 

any leiiul h of time. 

Will \ IN NEW VORK CI n don'l fail to 
visit the HANDSOMES I AND ill Wist 

it \ STORE in America, it has be 

new front, new enti 
. 1 1 w steel., etc isil . 

Vfrents make '-"► per cent l>v nelling intr 
celebrated TEAS and con 11 S. 

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CHIC AG On 



Wagner Sleeping Cars. Private Com- 
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Cars, and Elegant Coaches. 
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e. 0. Mccormick. warren j. lynch. 

P?r?. Traffic Mgr., A. G. P.aadT. A., 

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ire 



ou 



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Whenever you visit Florida or 
l, by whatever route you travel, 
that tickets read by Plant 
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For information as to Rallu 
Steamships, and Hotels, iddress 

B. W. Wrenn, Passenger Traffic ManaRcr, 
SAVANNAH, CA. 



44 



Qopfederate l/eterai?. 



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St. Joe 
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Denver 
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on all trains. 

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with Pullman Sleepers, and Free 
Reclining Chair Cars double daily. 
Winter Tourist Rates now in effect. 
Home'Seekers' Excursion Tickets for 
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P. T. G. MATTHEWS, T. P. A., 

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H. C. TOWNSEND, G. P. & T. A„ 

St. Louis, Mo. 



MpiTAIN 

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One reason why travelers to Texas go via Memphis 
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The Life of Gen. N. B. Forrest, by Dr. 
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STANDS PREEMINENT, 



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Qopfederate l/eterai?. 



45 



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46 



Confederate l/eteran. 



THE CONFEDERATE HANDBOOK. 

The Confederate Handbook is a com- 
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civil war. It is indorsed and recom- 
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should have a place in every library. 
The price of the book is twenty-five 
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States. These monuments cos;. f rom five to thirty thousand dollars. The 

following is a partial list of monuments the}' have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 



Cynthiana, Ky. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Louisville, Ky. 

Raleigh, N. C. 

J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

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Macon, Ga. 
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Nashville, Tenn. 

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Winchester, Va. 



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Confederate 1/eterap. 



47 



, ir „ lIftlI , {IIf!IflII , „,„,„, ,„„„„„, f „„ f , A 



66 



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' SUCCKSS is the most helpful :mu inspiring magazine in the world.' 



SUCCeSS, . Year 

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Pears* m's Magazine or The Household may he substituted for Cosmopolitan 

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McClure's or Leslie's Monthly mav lie substituted for Public Opinion. 

Review of Reviews, l^wf 

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in these offers (not the Atlas) except SUCCESS. 



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PUBLIC OPINION 



A Great Family Journal 

Every Number of SVCCESS has nearly 100 illustrations and a Beautiful Cover in Colors 

SUCCESS is a large and handsome family journal, issued monthly, at One Dollar a 
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best $2.50 monthly magazine in America. 1 selects for its readers 
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§ 
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NASHVILLE, TENN., FEBRUARY, 1901 



No. 2. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 




THE CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT ABERDEEN. MISS. 



s»i s.v) 



JOYCE= 

ON ELECTRIC LAW 

Covering the law governing all 
electric corporations, uses and 
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By JOSEPH A. JOYCE 
and HOWARD C. JOYCE. 

OVER 1,000 PAGES. PRICE. S6.50 Net. 

The work : 5 exhaustive. It i 
siders principles. It illustrates 
by decisions. It includes all the 
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sheets to press 

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= WHEELING, W. VA. 

a BREYER, 

Barber Shcp, Russian and Turkish 
B?th Rooxns. 



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instance, If the Veteran is i ird< red to i fin ith J 
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NASHVILLE, TENN., FEBRUARY. 19(11. 



No. -. ) 



S. \,H N MM. HAM, 
Pkopriftok. 



UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Official Circular Letter No. [39, sent out from New 
Orleans February 1. 1901, to all the Camps of the 
United < tonfederate Veteran Association, stat 

Notice is herebj given, as required bj the I onstitu- 
tion, ili.it the following proposed changes in the 1 on 
stitution and By-Laws have been filed .it these head- 
quarters, ami will be submitted bo the delegates for 
their action at the Eleventh Annual Reunion t< 
held in Memphis, Tenn., on Ma\ 28, 29, and 
[uesdaj . Wednesday, Thursday respectively, to wit : 

"In order to strict y adhere to the noble purposes for 
which this Association was organized; to formally add 
to the t OnstitUtion and By-Laws, what is now and 
has been the custom and unwritten law of this Asso- 
ciation; and which in necessary to prevent 'discu 
of political or religious subjects' or anything foreign 
to the purposes for which tins Association was organ- 
ized from gaining a Id in it. or for giving 1 
for protests, resolutions, discussion, hard feelings, or 
acriminous debate, either in the Camps or at our 1 len- 
eral Reunions, all of which have a tendency to disor 
ganize and disrupt the Association, to wit: 'That 
neither the General Commanding, nor Department or 
Division Commanders, nor anj official of this Ass 
tion, nor "Our Host." shall have the right to invite 
any one 10 a U. C. V. Reunion other than Confed- 
erates; this right shall rest alone with the delej 
in Convent mibled.' " 

[b amend Section 1 of Article 2 of the By-Laws to 
read, after the word Federation: "Such reunion to be 



held only at points in those States which furnished 
organized bodies of troops toth< Confederate army." 
To add to the l onstitution and l'.\ 1 aws .1 clause, 
as follows: "That inasmuch as the delegates who at- 
tend the reunion an onl) clothed with special powers, 
and as the right to hind their Camp tirades to 

the paymenl of amounts of money, not being included 
in their delegated powers, and is frequently embarrass- 
ing to them at the reunion, as well as to them and 
their Camp upon their return to their homes ; that here- 
after, under no consideration shall they be called upon 
at a reunion to subscribe sums of money for any pur- 
and that no one will hereafter be permitted, at 
a Confederate reunion, to solicit for money, or ask for 
subscriptions for any purpose whati 

irder of J. B. < lordon, 1 ding. 

Geo. Moorman, Adjt. Gen. and Chief of Staff. 
Another circular lettei No. (40, issued from New 
,; (1 -\ 20, 10..1 . 1 opii s thi actions of 1 
ous ( amps for and againsl concuring in the invit 
to the President of the United Slates. 

1 ! e following communications and information re- 
idquartei cular 

the Memphis 
\ , Reunion tee, and are also sent out 

to the 1". < '. V. Commanders and Camps, which they 
know . and in answi quent in- 

quiries, and in order to keep them fully posted about 
events transpiring within the organization. All infor- 
n receive! in regard to this matter, pro and con, 
will be impartially given to the Commanders and 
tit comment; and is not intended for pub- 
lication, and is solely for use of the U. C. V. Camps 
and t ommanders. 



52 



Confederate l/eterai? 



THE ABERDEEN CONFEDERATE MONUMENT. 

A day long to be remembered in Aberdeen, Miss., 
was that on which there was unveiled the monument 
to Mississippi's Confederate heroes, and honors as well 
the noble ladies of the Memorial Association and R. 

E. Lee Chapter, Daughters of the Confederacy, through 
whose untiring efforts the shaft was erected. The day 
was given over to the ceremonies of the unveiling, 
which opened with a long procession, headed by 
the Okolona Band. Then came Col. Levy, of the 
First Regiment, National Guard, and staff; Company 
B, First Regiment, Henry Light Guards, Battalion of 
Cadets of A. and M. College, school children, mem- 
bers of the Associations, and citizens in carriages 
handsomely decorated ; followed by sturdy veterans, 
survivors of those who marched away from Monroe 
County, grim and gray, led by Capt. Robert E. Hous- 
ton, Lieutenant Commander of the Camp. The hand- 
some silk flag was carried by Veteran Holbert, who 
was shot while carrying the colors of his regiment. 
The three hundred school children formed a striking 
feature of the parade, all carrying flags, and led by 
Master Billy Maynard, with a Confederate battle flag. 
A bicycle corps closed the procession. 

When the veterans had surrounded the mound, 
sacred to the memory of their comrades, the bugle 
sounded reveille, and Co>mmander Houston explained 
briefly the object of the gathering. Capt. E. L. Sykes 
read a historical and descriptive sketch of the monu- 
ment in behalf of Col. J. L. Power, Secretary of State, 
who could not attend. Then came the beautiful cere- 
mony incident to dedication and unveiling, conducted 
by the Commander and Chaplain Brown, the veterans 
making the responses. At the conclusion of this 
ritual, the veil was drawn by Misses Mary Gillespie 
and Anne McFarland, while the cannon pealed, the 
band played "Dixie," and from the throats of battle- 
worn veterans came again that old inimitable Rebel 
yell, which meant victory or death in the sixties. 

The monument is beautiful in design, and is thirty 
feet high, eight feet square at the base, made of Amer- 
ican and Italian marble. Upon the granite blocks com- 
posing the base are engraved the names of individual 
soldiers of this section, many of whom were promi- 
nent in the Confederate service. On the north side 
are named the companies which went out from Mon- 
roe County : Van Dorn Reserves, Capt. Moore, Elev- 
enth Mississippi Regiment ; Company L, Capt. S. J. 
Gholson, Fourteenth Mississippi ; Conipanv E, Capt. 

F. M. Rogers, Fourteenth Mississippi ; Company K, 
Capt. W. A. Roarer, Twentieth Mississippi ; Company 
A, Capt. Robert Armstrong, Fifth Mississippi ; Com- 
pany C, Capt. L. J. Morgan, Sixteenth Mississippi; 
Company I, Capt. J. B. Sale, Twenty-Seventh Mis- 
sissippi; Company L. Capt. S. J. Gholson (Second 
Company), Forty-Third Mississippi ; Monroe Rifles. 
Capt. Tom CoopwoOd, Twenty- Fourth Mississippi ; 
Company G, Capt. N. J. Beckett, Forty-First Mis- 
sissippi; Company C, fames Brock, Saunders Bat- 
talion ; Company , Capt. Columbus Sykes, Forty- 
Third Mississippi; Company , Capt. John Vesey, 

Forty-Third Mississippi ; Companv , Capt. Tohn 

Winters, Forty-Third Mississippi ; Company , Capt. 

Columbus Love. State Troops ; Conipanv , Capt. 

John B. Tucker, Cavalry. 



On the west appears the dedication : 

C. S. A.— Our Heroes.— 1861-1865. 

This monument is erected by the ladies of the Memorial As- 
sociation and the Daughters of the Confederacy of Aberdeen, 
Miss., in grateful remembrance of those who risked their lives, 
their fortunes, and their sacred honor in defense of our beloved 
Southland. 1861-1865. 

Soldiers, rest, your warfare o'er, 
Dream of 'battlefields no more. 

On the south is the inscription, "Tried and true," 
with crossed swords, and enumeration of the battles 
in which those heroes participated, as follows : Manas- 
sas, Seven Days around Richmond, Gettysburg, Fish- 
ing Creek. Perryville. Thoroughfare Gap, Boonsboro, 
Bentonville, Sharpsburg, Chancellorsville, Corinth, 
Chickamauga, Fort Donelson, Murfreesboro, Lookout 
Mountain, Shiloh, Second Manassas, Missionary Ridge, 
Seven Pines, Spottsylvania, Gaines's Mill, Savage Sta- 
tion, Malvern Hill, Kennesaw Mountain, Peachtree 
Creek. Atlanta. Baker's Creek, Big Black, Jonesboro, 
The Wilderness, Harrisburg, Okolona, Egypt, the 
Petersburg Campaign, Five Forks, Fredericksburg, 
Resaca, New Hope Church, Brice's Cross Roads, 
Vicksburg, Cartersville, High Point, Holly Springs, 
Franklin, Nashville, Blakely, Appomattox. 

The shaft on the east side presents the "stars and 
bars," seal of the Confederacy, crossed swords, crossed 
guns, and crossed cannon, with the inscription: 
The warrior's banner takes its flight 
To greet the warrior's soul. 

"Our Confederate dead — 1861-1865. In memory 
of the Confederate soldiers of Monroe County, Miss., 
and others who rest in our cemeteries." 
We care not whence they came, 
Dear is their lifeless clay; 
Whether unknown or known to fame. 
Their cause and country still the same, 
They died, and wore the gray. 

"They took up arms to< resist invasion and conquest ; 
a more righteous cause never appealed to the spirit of 
heroism, chivalry, and patriotism in man." 

Needless this shaft to those who knew 

The gallant men whose valor it proclaims. 
But patriotism may its beacons fire anew 

With inspirations from their hallowed names. 
But O the nameless dead who side by side 

Strove with our loved ones in the hapless fight ! 
This shaft we consecrate to all who died, 
The nameless and the famed, in consciousness of right. 
(By S. A. Jonas, author of the Confederate note, "Represent- 
ing Nothing," etc.) 

The shaft is surmounted by a life-size figure of a 
Confederate soldier. As may be seen, he is on picket 
duty — in uniform and accoutered with musket, canteen, 
belt, and knapsack, a familiar spectacle to veteran eyes. 
The roll call of the old companies was an interesting 
and pathetic feature. To the credit of the noble 
mothers and daughters, quite a complete list of the 
volunteers had been preserved, and, as it was called, 
nearly every one was accounted for, although the 
"present" were in woeful minority. 

The oration of the day, which should have an ex- 
tended place herein, was delivered by Hon. William 
Cox. 



Confederate l/eterao. 



53 



Judge R. B. Houghton, of St. Louis, holding high 
rank among the Sons of Veterans, announced that the 
Daughters of the Confederacy were ready to bestow tin- 
Cross of Honor upon those who were present with 
proper credentials. 

The unavoidable absence of Col. J. L. Power, Sec- 
retary of State, the venerable Confederate hero, and of 
W. D. Cameron, as Major General Commanding Mis- 
sissippi Division, U. C. Y.. were explained by wire. 

Replying to an inquiry in the August Veteran, R. 
E. Houston, of Aberdeen, Miss., writes that John 
ter, of Monroe County, Miss., belonged to Company 
C, Forty-Third Mississippi Regiment, and went 
i !ii' nigh the war safely, lie moved to Texas in the 
seventies, and died about twenty years ago. He has 
a daughter living at Aberdeen. Comrade Carter had 
a defect in one eye. 

ABOUT RE.ENLISTING IN THE WESTERN ARMY. 

II. P. Gaines, McKenzie, Tenn. : 

In the Veteran of December, 1900, the question 
is asked, What regiment was first t,, reenlist for life. 
■ M- to the end of the war: II was the ( >ne Hundred 
and Fifty-Fourth Senioi [Tennessee Vol 

unteers. organized by Col. Preston Smith at Ran< 
Tenn. At the time 1 if the reenlistment we were in 

Hindman's Division, having been pit I there only -■. 

short time before that, and were transferred bai 
1 heatham's, 1 iui old division, a few 
I am sorry I cannol remember the date, bul I do re 
member distinctl) thai it was th< I ine Hundred and 
I iii\ Fourth Senior Regiment of Tennessee Volun- 
teers. I belonged 1 mpanyFoftl ment. 

The number "1 Ine Hundred and Fifty-Fourth" was 
given because this regimenl had an unsuccessful con- 
tent inn to be numbered the First Regiment. 



R, F. Lewis, of Pittsburg, Tex., writing of the re- 
enlistment of Gen. Johnston's army at Dalton, Ga., 
says: "As 1 was present at the time, and one of the 
participants. 1 can sa) that the fust regiment that re- 
enlisted was the One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Senior 
Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, Vaughn's Brigade, 
(heatham's Division, to which regiment I belonged. 
And well do 1 remember the speech that Adjt. Mc- 
Caskie made on that occasion. We reenlisted 
ninety-nine years or during the war." 



RICHARD B. ALLEY AND HIS FLAG. 

I >avid W. Bblen, Esq., writes from Fancy Gap, Va.: 
( hi the ~th day of December. 1864, Forrest, with 
Ins cavalry and two divisions of infantry, engaged the 
Federals near MJurfreesboro, Tenn. The latter came 
out in such force and with so much pluck that the 
( onl'ederate lines of infantry began to break to pieces, 
when Forrest rode from regiment to regiment seizing 
the colors from the hands of the color bearers, waving 
them aloft and appealing to the men to hold their 
ground. It is said that when Forrest found one of the 
color bearers running, and would not halt at his com- 
mand, he shot him down ; that he dismounted, took the 
colors himself, remounted, rode again before that regi- 
ment, and waved the colors until the men rallied. To 
other colot- bearers and officers, Forrest uttered stinging 



rebuF <\ which was : "D a man that's afraid 

tting killed." He rode up to the Fifty-Fourth 
Virginia Regiment, and in a strong, imperious tone, 
at the same time reaching out his hand, said to the 
color bearer: "Hand me your flag." The little man, 
twenty years old, five feet and one or two inches high, 
with face as smooth as a girl's, nearly barefooted, thin- 
ly clad, and shivering with December cold, held tight 

to tlu I ins flag, and replied: "Gen. Forrest, I 

can take care of my Hag." The General, admiring the 
grit of tlu little fellow, s.iid in a milder tone: "Give me 
your Hag: I want to rallv the men.'' The color bearer 
replied: "General, just show me where to plant it." 
The plaee was fixed, the flag was planted, and that 
portion of the line rallied and held its ground. The 
1 under the duties of that hour. The 
General 1' the Fifty-Fourth Virginia to fall 

est never forgot the color bearer of the Fifty- 
ili. Referring to him afterwards, he called him 
"that little fellow that totes his own tlag." Forrest 
never lost an opportunity to doff his hat to that flag, 
and the color hearer never failed to droop his colors 
to the General. The name of this color bearer was 

Richard I',. Alley, of Com- 
pany A. He roud 
of the flag he carried, and 
is of its honor, as 
was of his corn- 
mis^ 1 ntenaiit gen- 
eral. "No man ; no, not 
Gen. Forrest himself, shall 
carry my day while I ii\ e," 
Richard. Young Al- 
ley 1 his colors on 
man) bloody fields. At 
Missionary Ridge his reg- 
i was thrown into 
1 m - Rey- 
nolds rode up and de- 
manded the colors, but 
Alley said: "No, General; just show me where to go, 
and I will carry the tlag." Gen. Reynolds rode with 
him thirty or forty paces to the front, where the flag 
was planted, and ilie regiment rallied to it. 

Richard B. All. \ now lives at Rodgcrs. Montgom- 
ounty, \ a . a useful man and an upright citizen, 
the husband of a good wife, and the father of a happy 
family of three sons and four daughters, evi 
whom would wave the colors oi their country on any 
field as nobly as their father did. 

With this sketch. Mr. Editor, I hand you a picture 
of Mr. Alley, taken ten years after the war closed, 
when his | and 1 beg that these lines 

and the picture of the color bearer who, in his humble 
sphere, vied with Forrest and Reynolds for hours on 
the battlefield may have a place in the dear Confed- 
erate Veteran. 

H. R. Tolbert, of Edinburg, Miss., writes that he has 
a medal belongm- to Daniel McQuaid, of Company 
G, Twenty-First Illinois Volunteers, given him for 
bravery, and which Mr. Tolbert found 111 a knapsack 
which he picked up on the battlefield of Chickamauga. 
I le will be glad espond with any of the owner's 

famih , 




R Ull \K1> l(. ALLEY. 



54 



Qoofederate l/eteran. 



CLEBURNE'S MEN AT FRANKLIN. 

W. H. Rees, of Boonville, Miss., wrote last March : 

I have always understood that the officer who clasped 
hands with Gen. Hood at Franklin, on Gen. Hood's 
declaration that "We will make the fight," was Gen. 
Mark P. Lowry, commanding a brigade then com- 
posed of the Fifth, Eighth, Thirty-Second, and Forty- 
Fifth Mississippi, and the Sixteenth, Thirty-Third, and 
Forty-Fifth Alabama of Cleburne's Division. It was 
this brigade and Granbery's brave Texans that won 
such distinction at New Hope, May 28. Gen. Clai- 
borne, in his official report of that brilliant affair, says 
that they saved the right wing of the army. The other 
brigades composing Cleburne's Division were Govan's, 
Smith's, and Lucius Polk's, and no better brigades 
were to be found in any division. 

I fully appreciate the feeling that prompted Comrade 
W. H. Scales, of the First Arkansas, in coming to the 
defense of his old division. Without explanation, the 
article was likely to be construed as a reflection. The 
name of Patrick R. Cleburne and the fame of his vet- 
eran division are secure. Impartial history will ever 
take good care of them. 

Some writers have termed Gen. Cleburne "the 
Augereau of the Army of Tennessee," and some of 
our school histories have accorded him the well-mer- 
ited title of the "Stonewall of the West." The heroic, 
daring, and brilliant achievements of this division on 
every field contested by the Army of Tennessee will 
always be its proud vindication. 

UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS, 

Commander in Chief Biscoe Hindman reports eighl 
new Camps in the United Sons of Confederate Vet- 
erans. Under his administration the organization has 
prospered since the last reunion. He reports able as- 
sistance by the department, the division commanders, 
and the staff officers, all of whom seem to be taking 
earnest interest in the welfare of the Confederation. 
The veterans will be pleased to learn these things, for 
it emphasizes the fact that the Sons will be the proper 
ones to cooperate with the Daughters in keeping alive 
their records when they shall have passed away. 

Recently the following Camps have been organ- 
ized, chartered, and officially admitted as members of 
the United Sons of Confederate Veterans, and work is 
well under way for the organization of a large num- 
ber of Camps : 

Walthall Camp, Water Valley, Miss. ; M. C. Knox, 
Commander; C. P. McClung, Adjutant. 

Stonewall Jackson Camp, Charlestown, W. Va. ; 

C. E. Baylor, Commander ; C. L. Haines, Adjutant. 

J. Y. George Camp, Winona, Miss. ; Walter Trotter, 
Commander; W. H. Farmer, Jr., Adjutant. 

Gen. F. M. Cockrill Camp, West Plains, Mo. ; Henry 

D. Green, Commander; R. S. Hogan, Adjutant. 
Buren Camp, Rogersville, Tenn. ; W. C. Lyons, 

Commander; S. P. Miller, Adjutant. 

Fitzgerald Camp, Charleston, Miss. ; J. O. S. San- 
ders, Commander; E. D. Dinkins, Adjutant. 

Joe Wheeler Camp, Tuscumbia, Ala. ; R. J. Thur- 
mon, Jr., Commander; O. G. Simpson, Adjutant. 

John R. Sturges Camp, Waynesboro, Ga. ; Phil 
P. Johnston, Commander; W. M. Fulcher, Adjutant. 



NAVAL BATTLE NEAR SHIP ISLAND, 

BY TOM HALL, LOUISVILLE, KY. 

Coming from Kentucky to the summerlike shores 
of the Gulf in midwinter is a luxury that can be ap- 
preciated more by experience than by imagination. I 
have enjoyed a visit to Biloxi, Mississippi City, old 
Handsboro, Pass Christian, and the Bay of St. Louis. 
Morning after morning I lay in bed at my hotel and 
looked out upon the watery space that surrounds the 
Chandelieur Islands, and renewed my memory with the 
great naval battle that was fought on the morning of 
April 4, 1862, in Mississippi Sound, just off Ship Island, 
between the Confederate gunboats Bienville, Caron- 
delet, White Cloud, and Arrow, and the Federal gun- 
boats Hartford, New London, and Kearsarge. 

The contest began at three o'clock in the morning 
by the Bienville sounding the "baby waker," and send- 
ing a hot shot across the bows of the Hartford, the 
flagship of what was then known as the Gulf Squadron. 
In the early morning it was dark but clear, and the sea 
was quiet. In less than a minute the Hartford replied 
to our salute ; and simultaneously with it every vessel 
on both sides began maneiivering from point to point 
in order to obtain the best advantages, for it was cer- 
tain that all were up to a red-hot fight, and that the 
splinters would soon fall thick and fast. 

After a few evolutions the Kearsarge let go an entire 
broadside, and the White Cloud's ribs were punctured 
a number of times ; but she gallantly stuck to her post, 
replying to the best of her ability, while the Bienville, 
our flagship, sent half a dozen bull's eye missiles into 
Winslow's craft, causing her to wince with pain. Then 
the Carondelet, Arrow, and White Cloud got a tack on 
the New London, while the Kearsarge was making a 
running curve, and riddled her with lightning rapidity. 

For two hours the fighting between the vessels was 
too brisk to be accurately detailed herein, but to us 
infantrymen, who were along the beach, the sight will 
never be forgotten. Great streaks of fire, as it came 
from the mouths of the big guns, produced a pyro- 
technic effect the equal of which I have never wit- 
nessed. Some seconds after each streak of fire, the 
loud roar of the boom would waft in over the water's 
surface in such succession that by watching the fire 
we could tell to which shot the roar belonged. 

At daylight our vessels retired, and the New Lon- 
don lay sunk on her beams and against the beach of 
Ship Island. Our little fleet was shot full of holes, and 
we lost fourteen killed and twenty-eight wounded, but 
advices that came to us through fishermen told of far 
greater losses by the Yankees. Since that well-remem- 
bered day I have always cherished a desire to see the 
coast again, and in looking over- the face of the same 
waters in these days of blessed peace my heart is 
stirred by the remembrance of that other picture, so 
terrifically sublime. 

"Little" Berry Walton, Cleburne, Tex., wishes the 
addresses of any surviving members of Capt. Hynes's 
Company, formed at Bowling Green, Ky. 

Prof. J. G. Deupree, University, Miss., asks for an 
account of the capture of Holly Springs, Miss., by 
Gen. Earl Van Dorn. 



Confederate 1/eteran. 



55 



OUR FAITHFUL SLAVES OF OLD. 

R. H. A., Rockdale, Tex.: 

My mother, Mrs. M. G. Ghent, often expresses a 
wish to hear something from the boys of the Thirty- 
Seventh Mississippi Regiment, who were stationed 
awhile at her place in Florida. She is quite old now — 
eighty-three years of age — but she has a vivid memory 
of what she learned during the war. She often relates 
little amusing incidents which happened while those 
soldiers were there. 

Just after the war we learned that Col. Ware m 
bo Florida, to cast his lot with the people of South 
Florida, and went into fruit-raising. Poor Col. Hol- 
land, we learned of his tragic death at Columbus, Ga. 

After this regiment removed from our place we 
were raided at night by the Yank< i > and Tories, and 
our trunks, wardrobes, and closets were all ransacked ; 
even the sheets were taken from the beds, and the 
clothes of the children were taken off. Not even a 
stocking nor a knitting needle was left. From a pile 
of old clothes left in one room, my mother fashioned 
some kind of garments for the children. My mother 
told them they could boast that they had robbed a 
defenseless widow, had taken the bread from her chil- 
dren's mouths and the clothes from their backs, but 
they could never say they had frightened her. There 
were Tories and their families with those soldiers, 
whom my mother had fed, and one of whom repeatedly 
snapped a pistol in her face. 

Those were sad and heart-breaking days to mv pin ii 
old mother. She gave her eldest son, one of the brav- 
est and grandest! boys that ever lived, a foster child, 
and many others tli.it were near and dear to her, and 
all her property. There never was a more patriotic 
nor braver woman, or one who did mure for the cause, 
according to her opportunities 

An article in the VETERAN', by Mr. A. \. Edwards, 
of Strawn, Tex., about a few faithful negroes, reminds 
me to mention an old negro of ours. "Uncle Chap." 
lie was certainly as true and faithful a negro as ever 
lived. He guarded our home and an aunt's, who was 
left without protection save her negroes, who. by the 
way, were faithful, as thousands were all over the 
Southland. Only those who owned the slaves and 
were .inning them know how to appreciate their faith 
fulness during those dark and fearful times. This old 
negro worked with his arms by him side through the 
day, and guarded our homes at night, and was never 
l,i,i tired tn start at any moment to warn the people 
through the country of approaching danger. 

When mv mother's father, who was very aged, wis 
taken to Fort Pickens, he was put under a guard of 
negroes. \ll save one were very kind. They seemed 
to understand that he was a slaveholder and a South- 
ern gentleman. This particular negro at one time 
abused and pierced mv grandfather with his bayonet. 



T am glad to see that the VETERAN is giving space 
to die "Hack man." a multitude of whom were most 
faithful and true to "ole marster and mistis" during 
those terrible days of war and destruction in our loved 
Southland. 

There lives in Nashville an old man, now Hearing 
the bright and happy shore, together with his wife, 



worthy, industrious people, a sketch of whose life it 
is a pleasure to write. 

Aaron Owens, nearly fifty years ago, married a girl 
by the name of Fanny, belonging to my father, Felix 
1 ompton. After Lincoln's proclamation freeing die 
slavi s was issued, Aaron, unlike the other servants 
on the plantation, said to his old master: "I know I is 
free, but you needn't think I is gwine to do like de 
rest of de niggers, steal away in de night, fur I ain't 
gwine to leave you and ole Mistis as long as you will 
let me stay wid you and de chillun ;" and he kept his 
word most faithfully, running many risks, and doing 
much for those who needed his help. 

In the early part of 1862. not long after the occu- 
pation of Nashville by the Federals, many Southern 
soldiers who were captured in Nashville hospitals 
e their escape from Federal lines, in part, to Aaron's 
assistance. 

The soldiers would come to my father's house from 
the hospitals, and he would start them on their way to 
Southern lines, furnishing them horses and sometimes 
money, with Aaron as a guide, to places of safety. 

At one time my mother got an old lady, living'about 
ten miles from us, to weave her forty yards of jeans, 
out of which to make pants for loved ones then in the 
army. It so happened that she had not sent for it be- 
fore Hood's army camped in front of Nashville. 

-aid to Aaron: "Get the buggy ready 
to go with me for my jeans." 

They had but little trouble passing Confederate 
pickets, for our home was inside their lines, but when 
they reached the Federal lines it took some arguing, 
-nine bribing, and much begging to pass, hut Aaron 
would i' letically, "Please, Mister, jest let 

my Mistis go see her friend, we won't lie gone long: 
she brung me wid her, fur she knowed you wouldn't 
say no to a poor colored man ;" so on they went till 
the goal was reached. They got the jeans and re- 
turned home safely, when busy hands went to work, 
and much comfort was rendered thereby to Confed- 
erate heroes, among the number Gen. Chalmers. 
se headquarters were in the house. 

Now one word about faithful Fanny, for she too 
did her part. During the two days' fight, December 
15 and 16. 1 86. ) . our house was ,1 Federal hospital, to 
which over one hundred and fifty dead and wounded 
soldiers (mostly Confederates, who were captured on 
the battlefield) were brought. When the fight began 
the smokehouse was filled with meat, being cured. 
des cans 1 if lard. etc. 

The Yankees, in wanton destruction, broke open the 
door, took bucketful after bucketful of dirt and ashes 
from the floor and. using sticks, their bayonets, or 
anything they could get, stirred it into the lard; took 
all the meat. and. literally, left our family with nothing 
to eat. 

For three days Fanny would go to the kitchen, 
\ here the officers meals were being prepared, and beg 
and take from the pots and kettles food, which she 
would bring to her mistress and master, and then get 
more for her own little family. 

Old "Marster" has long since passed into that sweet 
and peaceful rest that comes ever to the faithful, old 
"Mistis" is living itra distant Southern city, and the 
"chillun" are scattered : but never, while memory lasts, 
will Aaron and Fanny be forgotten. 



56 



Qopfederate 1/eterai). 



Confederate l/eterai). 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal prop.rlv of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the ^outh are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

The libel suit of J. C. Underwood against S. A. Cun- 
ningham and the Publishing House of the M. E. 
Church, South, was on trial an entire week beginning 
February 25 in the Federal Court at Nashville. The 
jury reported its inability to agree upon a verdict, and 
was discharged. This fact explains the delay of bring- 
ing out this issue of the Veteran. 



HISTORICAL VALUE OF THE VETERAN. ") 

A Nashville mother, who has for five years mourned 
the loss of her noble, brilliant, and beautiful daughter, 
devotes much of her thought to treasuring those things 
which her child loved in life. To a lady visitor she 
recently said : "I can never find it in my heart to muti- 
late a number of the Confederate Veteran, as I am 
under promise to the one who is gone to have them all 
bound and placed on the shelves with the most authen- 
tic historical works in our library. Harriet always con- 
tended, during her life, that the method of recording 
scenes and events relating to the war between the 
States, from personal reminiscences of the faithful sur- 
vivors of the conflict, would make the Confederate 
Veteran the safest history of the Confederacy for fu- 
ture generations." 

The loyal contributor of the foregoing writes : "The 
memory of a cause great enough for the flowers of a 
people's noble manhood to shed the last drop of their 
blood in its defense can well become a beacon light for 
future generations of descendants to lead them into 
safest harbors of noble and courageous life, and the 
Confederate Veteran will hold this beacon light 
aloft for the edification of all men." 



Out of a letter from the heart of Virginia, the Vet- 
eran draws a few sentences, simple expressions, which 
prove that the flowers of Southern chivalry are bloom- 
ing in our workyday world, as well as in the fields 
of the martyr's paradise : "I have worked hard this 
year, but I do not think any work is too hard if it 
gives me my subscription money for the Veteran. 
No one is helping me to bear my burden in life, but 
I will not impose on any one, and I would consider 
it a great imposition if I continued to receive the 
Veteran gratis. It rests me when I am tired, and I 
do not wish the children to miss or lose a single num- 
ber. Our oldest child is ten, and she reads every word 
in the Veteran." 



Stanley Welch, of Corpus Christi, Tex., Judge of 
the Twenty-Eight li Judicial District of Texas, semis 
check for five dollars for arrears and three years in 
advance, and states : "The Veteran is like a true and 
tried friend, and I feel safe when it is in the house. 
Will try during the coming year to send you some 
G mfederate recollections." 

The gallant old Gen. T. N. Waul, of Texas, writes 
from Neyland, Tex., February, 1901 : "I congratulate 
you on the rapidly increasing interest taken in the 
Veteran. Its monthly detail stirs the blood like the 
old sound of 'boots and saddles.' " 

Mrs. Laura Doan Steele, Mexico, Mo. : 
But however much I might have done then, and do 
now, I feel that it all sinks into nothingness, compared 
with your nohle and unselfish labors. I appreciate 
even at this distance the sacrifice you are making to 
give to the Southern people this publication. 



A prominent man of Atlanta, Ga., while inquiring 
if he can procure certain back numbers, adds : 

I regard the Confederate Veteran as the best 
publication of the kind I have ever seen. . . . This 
is just such reading as I desire my two boys to read 
when they arrive at years of discretion ; and, regard- 
less of all the pretty peace and reconciliation talk, I 
will state that I am very clear in the determination 
that in my family I will keep the fires burning and the 
Confederate flag flying, so far as they can serve the 
purpose of training the coming generation or, I will 
say, the coming generations, in the conviction that 
the South was right upon the issues on which the war 
of 1861-65 was fought between the States which 
formed the Southern Confederacy and the remainder 
of the United States. I am so positive in this determi- 
nation that I keep in my library only the books which 
show the Southern side of that great controversy, even 
buying at the old book stores all of the publications I 
find which were written in defense of slavery. Slav- 
ery, of course, is dead beyond resurrection, but the 
South was right in the constitutional and other ques- 
tions affecting the negroes, and I shall train my boys 
to so believe, in case they live to years of discretion, 
and I live to teach them by word and example. ' 

This letter is not written for publication, but I have 
so high a feeling of regard for the great work which 
you are doing so well that I cannot fail in thanking 
you for it, to show also that I aim trying to put into 
practical effect the teachings of the Confederate 
Veteran. 

It is because the letter "was not written for publi- 
cation" is the reason the name of author is omitted. 



In a recent letter from Mrs. Katie Cabell Currie 
she illustrates the unquenchable fire of patriotism in 
the Lone Star State. They have had two magnificent 
entertainments in Dallas for the Sterling Price Camp. 
The best of Camps have need of much money for char- 
ity, and the Daughters are the most efficient managers 
for raising such funds. Mrs. Currie writes : "Don't let 
my Tennessee friends forget me." 



Qopfederate Veterai). 



57 



THE JEFFERSON DAVIS MONUMENT. 

Mrs. N. V. Randolph, Richmond, Va., Chairman of 
the Central Committee U. D. C. : 

Veterans, Sons of Veterans, Women of the South, 
have you used every effort in your power to erect a 
monument to the one and only President of the Con- 
federate States? The Veterans turned over to the 
Daughters of the Confederacy the sum of $20,000, ask- 
ing that they complete the monument. The Daugh- 
ters took the work, and, feeling that this work could 
not be done without the aid of the Southern Memorial 
Associations, asked that body of women, now 
federated into one grand association, to cooperate with 
them in doing honor to the cause represented by Jef- 
ferson Davis. The question has been asked as to how 
much money is expected to erect this monument. The 
Daughters, at the convention, determined to bend ev- 
ery effort this year toward collecting funds, and at 
the next convention, in November, to make plans as to 
bids for the work. 

As Chairman of the Central Committee I feel that 
we could readily raise $50,000. We have now in bank 
$30,000, with pledges of several thousand. Fifty thou 
sand dollars seems a large sum, but if you stop to think 
that the reunion in Richmond cost $30,000, the Char- 
leston $25,000, Louisville $50,000, then could not the 
whole South raise $50,000, thus making, with the 
amount already collected. $75,000? Let the children 
be allowed to give, no matter if only a penny. 

There has been something said about a monument 
to women. Veterans, the monument to Mr. Davis is 
a monument to women, for it is a monument to the 
cause they suffered for. The cause represents the men 
who died for that cause. We can, we must erect this 
monument; it will stand forages to represent our love, 
our faith in a cause that apparently went down in de 
feat at Appomattox, but which was vindicated when 
the Supreme Court of the United States dared not 
bring Jefferson Davis before its tribunal, knowing 
they could not convict him of treason. 

Let the reunion at Memphis be a Davis reunion. 
and lei us complete the work- so long delayed. 



TO COMPLETE MONUMENT SPFINGF1ELD, MO. 

Mrs. Laura Doan Steele writes from Mexico, Mo.: 

(In February u; the Confederate ladies of Mexico, 
Mo., met in the Montezuma Club rooms and organ- 
ized Chapter 10. of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
This organization is under the efficient leadership of 
Miss Belle Morris, as was the former chapter, organ- 
ized some few years agi >. 

The constitution of the former Chapter was read, 
and, with some changes, adopted by the new Chapter. 

These ladies are all strong in the cause, and will do 
their share of the good work. Our object at present 
is to raise money to finish paying for the monument 
at Springfield, Mo., to be unveiled in August next. 
The monument is to cost twelve thousand dollars, and 
ten thousand dollars of this amount has been raised. 
It is the desire .if the Camps throughout the State, by 
their combined efforts, to raise the remaining two 
thousand dollars by the time of the meeting. 

I will write you again when we have advanced fur- 
ther in our work, and have named our Camp. 
•>* 



In a personal note Mrs. Steele writes : 

This is the third time in my life that I have taken 
up this line of work. The first was when the war was 
just over, and we had Southern Aid Societies estab- 
lished all over the State. We did much good work- 
then and since, when we bought and furnished our 
Home for the aged Confederates. Our struggles were 
fierce in this border State, especially during the last 
eighteen months of the war. My father and 1 were 
under arrest many times, and at the last we had to 
take refuge in St. Louis. 



The fourth annual meeting of the Philadelphia 
Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, was 
held on January 22, 1001. for the election of officers. 
A beautiful letter from Mrs. George F. Brown was 
read, tendering her resignation as Vice President of 
the Chapter, and a rising vote of thanks was tendered 
to Mrs. Brown for the efficient and just manner in 
which she has filled the office since the organization 
of the Chapter. To her is due the entire credit oi or- 
ganizing the 1 hapter in the city of Philadelphia. P'or 
several years she had been an active member of the 
Roan I ( ha] >tcr. and conceived the idea of or- 

ganizing a chapter in Philadelphia. I >n January 22. 
[897, seven loyal women nut at the home of Mrs. 
Brown, and organized the Philadelphia Chapter. \p 
predating her valuable services, the Chapter there- 
fore reluctantly accepted her resignation. Mr-. Brown 
Mis- Rebecca Burton Chiles, of Richmond, Va. 

The following officers were elected: Mrs. J. T. Hal 
sey, President ; Mrs. Xaudain Duer. Vice President, 
succeeding Mr-. George F. Brown; Mrs. Turner \sli 
by Blythe, Secretary, succeeding Mrs. William K. 
P>eard ; Mrs. II I., ("lark. Treasurer; Miss Gertrude 
Buyers, Corresponding Secretary. 




MISS LAURA B. KNOLL, 
Delegate and Maid of Honor to Port Worth and Louisville Kenninn, IOQ0, 



58 



Confederate l/eterai), 




THE CELEBRATION OF LEE'S NATAL DAY. 
The observance of Gen. Lee's birthday, January 19, 
has become almost universal throughout the South, 
and at many places this year it received the recogni- 
tion of a national holiday. Down 
through the years come the words 
of Jefferson Davis, at Richmond, 
"When the monument we build 
shall have crumbled into dust, his 
virtues will live on — a high model 
for the imitation of generations yet 
unborn;" and it seems that these 
anniversaries will become hallowed 
milestones along the paths where 
future generations must pass. 
The Veteran could print a "Lee 
Number," if it devoted full space to the various cele- 
brations in many of the Northern and Southern cities" 
of the Union. 

( '1. J. W. Faxon sends the Veteran a full accounl 
of the commemoration exercises at Chattanooga, 
Tenn., where the Daughters of the Confederacy con- 
ferred the Cross of Honor upon eighty-cue old Confed- 
erate soldiers. Far and near in the quiet villages, as 
well as in the busy marts of trade and bustling human 
existence, this ceremony of conferring the Cross of 
Honor, li < been reverently observed. All hearts seem 
to have caught tin- spirit and music of Etta Selrach 
Verbyle's lines on the "< ross of Honor." 

At Lake Charles. La., the programme of celebra- 
tion was reverently carried out by the R. E. Lee Chap- 
ter, three hundred and five United Daughters, who 
tendered a reception to the Confederate veterans and 
their families and friends. Dr. W. A. Knapp presented 
to the Chapter elegant portraits of Gens. Lee and 
Sfr m- wall Jackson. 

Notable in the grand outpouring of Southern patri- 
otism was the enthusiastic celebration at Atlanta, Ga., 
the veterans of the city presenting to the three gentle- 
men who had labored so faithfully for the succes> of 
the Soldiers' Home bill testimonials of their apprecia- 
tion. In bestowing medals upon Maj. Gary, Senator 
Smith and Judge Calhoun, the speaker voiced the sen- 
timents of the people of Georgia, in placing so much of 
the credit where it was due. Hon. Clark Howell said 
that it was particularly appropriate that the day which 
was sanctified by the birth of the South's great chief- 
tain, whose name was a heritage in every Southern 
home, should have been selected for honoring those 
distinguished veterans who had honored themselves 
and their State by the magnificent fight they had made 
in the halls of the Legislature in behalf of the accept- 
ance of the home by the State. He said that he 
thought it providential that the bill had been defeated 
ten years ago, for it aroused the State to a recogni- 
tion of its duty to the Confederate soldiers, and the 
result was that in the following five years Georgia 
appropriated more in pensions than all the other 
Sunt hem States coimbined. 

He declared that the two votes he had cast for the 
Home bill, the first as a member of the House ten years 
ago, and the next as a member of the Senate from 
the Thirty-Fifth District, were the proudest votes of his 
life. He finally announced that he would rather have 
been the successful author of the Confederate Home 



bill than of any measure he had ever carried through 
as a member of the General Assembly of Georgia. 

At Charli tte. X. C, the day was observed by a large 
gathering of veterans. Mrs. M. A. Jackson, widow of 
the famous Confederate general, Stonewall Jackson, 
pinned the Cross of Honor on the coat of each vet- 
eran, tin- medals being the gifts of the children of 
Charlotte, 

At Wilmington, X. C, the banks, produce exchange, 
and other places suspended business in honor of the 
great occasion. 

The State and city public offices were closed in Rich- 
mond, Va., and the holiday features were also observed 
in ( !harleston, S. C, and Savannah, Ga. 

At James Breathed Camp. Pulaski, Va., an exquisite 
poem was recited by little James Bosang. It may ap- 
pear later. 

At Nashville. Tenn., the William Bate Chapter. I '. 
D. C, presented Cmsses of Honor to the John C. 
Brown and Frank Cheatham bivouacs. Gen. G. W. 
Gordon spoke on behalf of the grateful veterans, and 
he depicted in a graphic manner the fortitude and suf- 
fering nf Lee's army in the winter of [864-65. "It was 
just this character of men." the speaker said, ''that 
the women honor to-day with badges indicating their 
valor and c uirage." Gen. Gordon spoke of the Ten- 
nesseeans who had won fame in the civil war. and 
said that the name of Sam Davis would always be 
recalled so long as there were Confederate solchers 
left to hold meetings. 

A CALIFORNIA BOY'S SPEECH ox GEN. R. E. LEZ. 

The following plea wa.s made at a reunion of Con- 
federate Veterans and Daughters of the Confederacy. 
Los Angeles. Cal., by Master Robert Rutland Scar- 
borough, with splendid oratorical effect, though only 
eleven years old : 

We, the children and grandchildren of the men 
whom you honor to-night — the men wdio followed him 
whose birthday we now celebrate — followed him to 
death and tc glory, come to you with an earnest plea. 
Is it fair not to let us know the full meaning of our 
birthright? Tt is not bitterness to those who fought 
on the other side to tell us the truth ; but it is a wrong 
to us. a great wrong to our loved Southland, and it 
makes the martyrdom of the thousands who sleep in 
Southern soldiers' graves useless not to let us know 
the true hist- iry of the years 1861 to 1865. What grear 
deed has ever been achieved that was not inspired by 
hero-emulati'on ? If we are left in ignorance of the 
truth about these things, we will grow up feeling that 
we have the blood of traitors in our veins. Will that 
make us great men? Dei you not think that the story 
of sacrifice, of noble devotion to the right, of Lee, 
whose trust was ever in the God of battles, of Jack- 
son, who never fought before he prayed, will stir the 
hi 1 of your Sons to a resolve to be worthy of then- 
ancestors? Do you not think that the tale of the 
Southern women, who nursed the sick soldiers, who 
struggled at home while the husbands and fathers 
fought, who often saw homes invaded and many of 
them burned, who gave their clearest men to the 
"Cause," and yet never wavered in their loyalty to it — 
do you not think that your daughters, hearing these 
things, will search their own hearts and strive to live 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



59 



up to the old standard of Southern womanhood — a 
standard that gives to woman the best, the purest, and 
the highest place on God's earth — the place of queen 
in the hearts of her household ? 

It is your duty to look into the books your children 
read and study, and see that they know the truth, and 
tell them the story of the old South. If 'this generation 
wanders from the tenets of the high ideals of the South 
of ante-bellum days, who is to blame ? You have our 
future in your hands. Make of us the chivalric gentle- 
men, the pure, modest women that our inheritance 
should make us; teach us to know and honor every- 
thing connected with the magnificent record that Con- 
federate soldiers made — a record unequaled in the his- 
tory of the world; teach us that when Lee surren- 
dered at Appomattox he never surrendered the honor 
of the South nor the love of his soldiers ; teach us, 
that when, after thirty -five years, the name of a chief- 
tain can call tears to the eyes of brave men, that 
chieftain is one whom ever) Southern bo) should 
study and love till eternal taps inded, and we 

iim and Jackson across the riv rest under 

the shade of the trees." Do not think that knowing 
the truth will make us hitler. men are never 

hitter; and if we follow truly the example of th( 

diet si Confi derac; , v shall be a bt o ■ .is the 

bravest. < live us, then, our birthright — the p 
of the brightest land, the bravest men, the I 
hearts, and the finesl militar) record on earth. And 
keeping such things in mind, God | ; we may 

be true to the principles that inspired our heroes — the 
principles of dying for what they believed the right 
and may we never forget th< grand ' on earth, 

dear Dixie land 1 



LAST DEEDS OF THE COLEMAN SCOUTS. 

Th wna's M. Ji plin, one i if the few sun i I ole- 

man's scouts, tells the f< [lowing tragic story : 

The remaining men of I oleman's scouts, after his 
capture, that of Sam Davis and others, were directed 
to t apt. Shannon. Gen. Wheeler's chief scout, and or- 
dered to go behind Sherman's army, find out and re- 
port his movements. The party were two Vlabamians, 
\1 Hard) and Du Bose; two rennesseeans, J. Pillow 
Humphreys and Tom Joplin; and two < leorgians, one 
lied Majoi tin othet nam : 1 have f irg tten. \\ e 

Cn >ssed a deep, nai Fi ur miles e.i-i 

of the Raleigh, rode about a mile to a high hill, and 
were listening to the \ tnkee bands play "Yankee 
1 toodle," "Star- Spangled Banner," eti . and could see 

the banners and hear the cheering of Sherman's army 

entered Raleigh, \'. C, when our attention was 

suddenh called ti a squa I ol nine men coming down 

the hill int. - 1 tne which was our onl) chance of es- 

\l ! tardy, with "opera" glasses, looked and - tid 
"Blue as h- - . boys; we are in for it." We formed 
four- abreast, and with two in lie- r< ir, role slowly 
until within one bun Ired \ irds, then r. i i^ci ! a yell and 
went at them. They whirled to inn. hut they were 
poorl) mounted, and we soon vounded ami captured 
all hut Sergt. Wolff, whose mire was plunging and his 
Winchester dangling 1 . Young Du I lose dashed to ins 
side when he instantly raised his Winch ster and shot 
the top i f 1 >n Bosi 's head oh down to his eves. T was 
next to him. and as mv horse ran by him I fired, but 



missed him. In a few seconds he had thrown the 
shell out and was ready for me, when Hardy dashed 
up, and we made a "lead mine" of him. This revenge 
came through the exasperation for his throwing up his 
hand to make us think that he was trying to stop his 
horse to surrender when he shot Du Bose. Du 
thought so, for his pistol lay by his side uncocked. We 
left our comrade and our enemy both dead within six 
feet of each other W'e got Du Dose's horse. Wolff's 
mare, pistols, and carbine, and rode back to our com- 
panions across the stream, and took the captured arms 
and stock to Capt. Shannon, who is still alive. 



The Late Col. Inge. — Comrade 1.. C. Balch, of the 
Omer R. Weaver Camp, No. 354, U. C. V., Little Rock, 
Ark., w riles: "Under this head, in the January VET- 
eran, I find many mistakes, and having been a mem- 
ber of the Sardis Blues, Twelfth Mississippi Regiment, 
I am personally cognizant of some matters mentioned 
in said article. In i he first place Col. [nge did not join 
Capt. Cram's company. In the next place, there was 
teh captain in the regiment. Next, the Twelfth 
w.i- not organized at Union City, but at Corinth, Miss. 
I'he mat. ■ ohn Dickens (not Dinkins), and the 

regiment did not reach "Manassas just in time to go 
quickly into the light." Now let us state the facts: 
John R. Dickens was captain of the Sardis Blues, and 
w hen ed he was elected maji ir. 

I\. W. Crump was elected captain of the Mines, 
llow Col. Inge came into the regiment 1 do not know, 
but 1 do know lie never was enrolled a mehtbet of the 
Blues, tin' muster roll of which company I have. Col. 
[nge was adjutant of the Twelfth, and a better soldier, 
finer officer, or truei Southerner never breathed. The 

in Lynchburg all day Sunday, Jul 
[86l, mad as hornets because we could not :■' on 
and gel in the tight. Tin- regiment arrived at Manas- 
sas Junction Tuesday, Jul) 23, and went into camp 
there. As to Ool. Inge's subsequent career in the army 
I have no personal knowledge. Qf one thing I am 
quite sure, and that is. that, no matter where he was, 
he diil his whole duty. Let us lie very careful of our 
facts in writing historv, even to names." 




MRS. MARTHA s. GIRLOW, OK AI.AHAMA, 
Who is to £lve entertainments for the Sam Davis Monument Fund. 



60 



Qopfederate Veteran. 



DEDICATING A MONUMENT IN TENNESSEE. 

At the unveiling of the Confederate monument in 
Paris, October 13, 1900, ex-Gov. James D. Porter, 
who was adjutant general on the staff of Maj. Gen. 
B. F. Cheatham, spoke as follows : 

Ladies of tlie Monumental Association, Comrades, Fd- 
low-Citizens: 1 recognize the position to which I have 
been assigned as one of distinction, and I owe thanks 
to the ladies of the Association for the selection. And 
I thank you, ladies, in the name of my comrades, living 
and dead, for providing this memorial. Without your 
aid and earnestness, without your patriotism and lov- 
ing devotion, this work, so long projected, would have 
remained undone. Your love and devotion to the 
cause and to the men who fought the battles of the 
South has found expression in the erection of this mon- 
ument. You have followed the example of all civilized 
people — Assyrian, Indian, Greek, or Roman — in this 
expression of gratitude and admiration. You speak to 
posterity through this marble in a language commem- 
orative of the heroism of the soldiers of Henry County. 
At the same time you illustrate your own admiration 
for devotion to duty under circumstances of the great- 
est trial. The war between the States was not pro- 
moted by the men of Henry County. They were con- 
servative and peaceful. War to them was terrible to 
contemplate, but they were not afraid of it or of its 
sacrifices. "They loved peace as they abhorred pusil- 
lanimity, but not peace at any price. There is a peace 
more destructive of the manhood of living men than 
war is destructive of his material body. Chains are 
worse than bayonets." The men of Henry were the 
sons and grandsons of Virginia and North Carolina. 
Their ancestors fought at Yorktownand King's Moun- 
tain, and were with Jackson at New Orleans. They 
had heard the stories of these great events from the 
pioneers, and were familiar with the trials and hard- 
ships of the cheerless days of the American revolution. 
They had learned that in a republic the liberty of the 
citizen and his rights of property must be asserted in 
the courts of the country, or at the ballot box, and fail- 
ing here, a resort to arms was the logical consequence. 

Up to the year 1861 secession was more than an open 
question ; few thoughtful Southern men denied the 
right of the State to withdraw from the Federal Union ; 
the wisdom of its exercise was another question. But 
this right under the Constitution as understood and 
construed cannot be gainsaid. So when it was exer- 
cised by States south of us without consultation or ref- 
erence to us, the people of Tennessee condemned the 
action as hasty and ill-advised, and still no Southern 
man challenged the act, and not one consented to the 
doctrine that there was legal warrant for the Federal 
authorities to compel obedience to them. Tennessee 
declared at an early day, months before her own formal 
withdrawal from the Union, that if the rue of force was 
applied to one State it would be accepted by her people 
as an act of war. The people of the South are and were 
a homogeneous race. A common ancestry with cus- 
toms and institutions alike created a brotherhood 
stronger than the Union of States. So when Presi- 
dent Lincoln called for troops and inaugurated war 
against South Carolina and other seceding States there 
was no delaynorhesitation.no postponement for advice 



from leaders. The men of Henry upon their own mo- 
tion rushed to arms. This action was a response to 
the lesson evolved from their education ; a sense of 
duty controlled them; their judgments and hearts ap- 
proved it, and before God and the tribunal of history 
we have no apology to offer. We made our history 
honestly and conscientiously, and we will write it truth- 
fully as we made it, the protest of the Grand Army of 
the Republic to the contrary notwithstanding. We 
want no accommodating o mimittee to compromise our 
history, or to sugarcoat facts unpalatable to the sensi- 
bilities of men who will not accord honesty of purpose 
to the men of the South. We want posterity to know 
how our history was made : that it was done deliber- 
ately and voluntarily, and that we put our lives and 
fortunes to the touchstone of battle, and thus gave to 
the world the highest evidence of our sincerity. Henry 
County furnished a larger number of soldiers for the 
war, in proportion to white population, than any coun- 
ty in the State. They were earnest, brave men, full of 
dash and steadiness, responsive to discipline, with won- 
derful power to overcome fatigue and to resist the 
rigor of winter and the heat of summer. Meager ra- 
tions were accepted without complaint ; our surround- 



BL 


* IB 

■1 


jM 











MONUMENT TO HENRY COUNTY CONFEDERATES, PARIS, TENN. 



Qopfederate l/eterar; 



(31 



ings were appreciated by all. There was no hope of 
foreign assistance, and no expectation of success un- 
less it could be won on the battlefield. The Federal 
government had men, money, and munitions of war, 
and there was no limit to the supply. The Confederate 




States did not have a current dollar ; when a soldier 
was killed or disabled there was no one to take his 
place. When a Federal soldier met the same fate a 
dozen recruits were sent forward. The Army of Ten- 
nessee killed and disabled more men of Sherman's 
army than we had on our muster rolls, yet Sherman 
was stronger in numbers when he reached Atlanta 
than when he moved against Rocky Face Ridge one 
hundred days before that date, after fighting a battle 
almost every day. No recruits came to the Confed- 
erates; there was no nation nor people upon whom we 
could call for help ; ours was the orphan nation of the 
world, poor, naked, and hungry. As time passed hard- 
ships multiplied : the clothing of the men and the ra- 
tions upon which they were Fed were growing lighter 
in weight; ammunition was no longer abundant: the 
COUtltry was exhausted : pinching cold and hunger and 
poverty were in every household. 

To these conditions we at last succumbed. The men 
of Henry stood by the flag to the last; they partici- 
pated in every battle of the Southwest. From Belmont 
to Bentonville they fell "on the red sand of the bat- 
tlefield with bloody corpses strewn." and hundreds of 
them sleep in unmarked graves, but they are not for- 



gotten. The stars may go down, but there is no ob- 
livion for good or brave deeds. 

Here he gave in detail the organizations in which the 
men of Henry County (Tenn.) fought in many battles. 
After the interesting, valuable history he concluded : 

Ladies of the Monumental Association, I have re- 
cited to you the names of some of my comrades whose 
actions you perpetuate by the erection of this monu- 
ment. No knightlier soldiers ever went out to battle 
for their country, no soldier ever had a cause worthier 
of the supreme effort they made, no cause ever pro- 
moted greater enthusiasm, no cause ever demanded 
greatersacrifices.no cause was ever so loyally sustained. 
We cannot Forgel them, we cannot forget the sacrifices 
or the devotion of the women of the South. They ac- 
cepted poverty that they might promote the cause for 
which their fathers, husbands, and sons fought and 
died. History with its splendid recitals cannot furnish 
illustrations like the self-denial of our own w ives, moth- 
ers, daughters, and sisters. W'e cannot forget them, we 
cannot forget thai in the hour of defeat, when we were 
crushed by a disaster not to be measured by words, 
they gave us g > id cheer and welcome, and, next to the 
Great Dispenser of every good and perfect gift, they 
gave us comfort and encouragement, and stimulated 
acquiescence in the result of the war, and encouraged 
all to a manly effort in the peaceful walks of life. 

Remembering this, and mindful of that ever-present 
and greater obligation, 1 ask you to join me in the re- 
cital of a half dozen lines from Kipling's Victorian 
Ode: 

God of our fathers, known of old, 
Lord of our far-flung battle line, 
Beneath whose awful hand we hold 
Dominion over palm and pine, 
Lord God of Hosts, be with us vet, 
Lest we forget, lest we forget, 

And now, ladies of the Monumental Association, I 
thank you again in the name of my comrades, living 
and dead, for providing this appropriate monument. 

I will now ask Miss Mary Yandyck, the daughter of 
one of our comrades, the niece of comrade Reuben 
Vandyck. who fell at Harrisburg. to unveil the monu- 
ment, where it will stand in its beauty and be a per- 
petual inspiration to our own. and to the generations 
to come. 

From Midway House. St. Anthony Park, St. Paul. 
Minn., the son of Joseph Bailey RadcKffe, writes to 
the Veteran seeking knowledge of his father, who 
disappeared in the month of April, i860. Radcliffe's 
wife and three sons arc dead, and the son who writes 
the letter of inquiry is the only surviving member of 
the family. He has several theories concerning- his 
father's movements at the time of his disappearance, 
and cherishes a belief that he may have entered the 
Confederate service somewhere in the neighborhood 
of Lexington. Mo., in 1861. Should any reader of the 
Veteran recall a meeting with Radcliffe, or possess 
any knowledge concerning him. the son will feel deeply 
grateful for any information received. 

The commander of Camp A. C. Jones, Greensboro. 
Ala., is W. G. Britton, not Button, as published in 
December Veteran. 



(32 



Confederate l/eterat). 



TRANS^MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT. 
In his annual address to "Comrades of the Trans- 
Mississippi Department" Gen. W. L. Cabell, under 

f 1 'alias. Tex., February l, IQOI, says: 

It is with feelings of the greatest pleasure as well as 
pride that I can greet you at the end of another year 
and at the close of the century. A kind providence 
has extended its sheltering wings over our great South- 
land ; over our gray-haired veterans; over the noble 
\\( men of the South who suffered so much during the 
war, their noble sons and fair daughters ; as well as 
our grand Association. The adjutant general reports 
one thousand three hundred and eight camps. The 
Trans^Mississippi Department have out of this num- 
ber five hundred camps, and growing in number as 
our old comrades are realizing the importance of en- 
rolling and keeping in touch with each other as they . 
gtt w older. It is true that a number of our bravest 
and best comrades have died during the year, yet the 
death roll has not been greater than we should have 
expected. The dead have been properly cared for, 
and in a number of instances our noble women have 
had their names engraved on marble headstones. 

The living Confederates who have grown old and 
incapacitated by wounds, sickness, and old age have 
been properly cared for in the different States and 
Territories of the Trans-Mississippi Department. They 
have good soldiers' homes, and are amply provided 
with good raiment and shelter where they can spend 
their last days in quiet and peace by the great States 
of Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana. 

I therefore urge you, my old comrades, to continue 
the good work. I appeal to you, noble sons and fair 
daughters of the bravest men and grandest women 
that ever lived in any country, to continue to organize 
Camps and Chapters, and be ready to take our places 
when we have all erased over the river. Apply at once 
to Gen. Moorman. Adjutant General United Confed- 
erate Yelerans, New Orleans, La. Let the Trans- 
Mississippi Department send a larger delegation to 
the reunion to be held at Memphis, Tenn., on the 28th. 
29, and 30th of May, than any other department. Let 
every camp be represented by as large a delegation 
as possible. Let them be fully authorized to represent 
their camp in all matters. When delegates cannot at- 
tend, let the camp send proxies to some comrade prop- 
erly signed by the officers of the camp. In applying 
for membership, send a roll of your camp to Gen. 
Moorman, and an initiation fee of $2, and ten cents 
for each member, by the first of April. 

The Committee on Transportation, Gens. H. W. 
Graber, S. P. Mendez, Cols. T. B. Trotman, B. F. 
Wathen, and L. A. Daffan, have secured rates of one 
cent per mile each way (going and returning) to Mem- 
phis, anil local committees can communicate with 
them. 

The young men, appreciating the valorous deeds of 
their fathers, are organizing Camps throughout the 
South. 

The noble women of the South, proud of the fact 
that they are the wives, daughters, and granddaughters 
of those who wore the gray, are organizing Chapters 
throughout the Department. Their motto is: "Char- 
ity to the living, honor to the dead, and preservation 
of the truths of history." Every Confederate home is 



their pride, the cemeteries arc under their hiving care, 
and each decoration day finds the graves of all Con- 
federates hidden beneath the flowers of spring. 

The monument to our greal chieftain, Jefferson 
Davis, has not been built, but the Daughters of the 
Confederacy throughout the South have obligated 
themselves to labor unceasingly until the means nec- 
essary for its erection is raised. Let the veterans of 
the Tran> Mississippi Department aid them in this glo- 
rii nis cause, ami o ntribute liberally to this fund. 51 1 
we can see this grand monument erected before we an- 
swer the "last roll call." Continue to take up sub- 
scriptions for this noble purpose. The corner stone 
for this monument was laid in Richmond. Ya., July 
2, 1896. 

W. II. Lewis, of Hope, Ark., writes that one of the 
soldiers buried near Pulaski, Tenn., of whom mention 
was made in the Veteran, was a messmate of his, 
Elias Roach, of Company E, Ballentine's Regiment. 
Armstrong's Cavalrv Brigade. He fell on Christmas 
morning, 1864, just south of Pulaski, while they were 
covering Flood's retreat from Nashville, and in a 
charge by the Federal cavalry. His home was near 
iSTew Albany, Miss. Comrade Lewis thinks the other 
men were porbably members of Jackson's Cavalrv. 



Perhaps the oldest Confederate veteran now alive is 
Mr. Seymour Garner, who lives near Camden, Ala. 
Mr. Garner was born in Georgia in 1791, and went to 
Camden in 1812. He is still alert and full of enthu- 
siasm as any living Confederate. He is a small man, 
with perfectly white hair, and a complexion as fresh 
as the usual man of seventy. 




|P 



Engraving from Gen. I'. R. Cleburne's Photograph. — 
This engraving is made from a photograph of Gen. 

Cleburne, taken at 
Mobile in the win- 
ter of 1863-64, when 
on a trip to Selma, 
Ala., as attendant at 
the wedding of Gen. 
W. J. Hardee. On 
the back of the 
photograph are the 
words :"Your friend, 
P. R. Cleburne. Ma- 
jor General." 

The photograph 
was furnished the 
Veteran by Col. H. 
G. Evans, of Colum- 
bia, Tenn. This pic- 
ture has been en- 
larged to ten by 
twelve inches, and is 
being sold for $1 by a committee of which Col. Evans 
is Chairman, to aid the Confederates of Columbia in 
some impotrant work. They have a fine cemetery 
there, with marble headstones and a good monument. 



aw * 

I' 



■/ 



\ 



R. CLEBURNE. 



Joe F. Terry. Memphis, Tenn., inquires for Robert 
Crabb, who belonged to Company E, Crandall's Regi- 
ment, Shelby's Division of Cavalry 7 . Last saw him at 
the battle of Helena, July 4, 1863. 



Confederate l/eterap. 



G3 






BEERSHEBA SPRINGS I TENN. ) IN WAR TIMES. 

BY B. L. RIDLEY, MUR FR EESBORO, TENN. 

There conies a voice that awakens iiij soul, 
It is the voice of years that are gone, 
They roll before me with all their deeds. 

Those lines from t Issian recall to me memories. 
They take me back bo the sixties, when the days of 
my boyhood were filled with the scenes of grim-visaged 
war raging in all its fury; when every man's hous< 
was his castle in the Sunn) South, and ever} i v\ tier of 
a big plantation was a nabob. 1 can sec the Consum 
mation of the crisis— the general in Ins stars and 
wreath, the fireside general in his castle, the prom- 
inent civilian, the quiet citizen growing into a soldier, 
the raging bu'lly, with his cockade in civil life, b 
ing a coward in war. 

I can recall the stagnation in all trades, and the hurry 
of the conflicl giving place I • the signal, of the "spirit- 
stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife." 

Among the celebritii - of those days I recall Ju 
Nathan Green, Robert L. Caruthers, Gov. [sham G 
Harris, Henr) S Foote, Andrew Ewing, Col. Joe I 
Guild, Emmel Thompson (the founder of the Tennes 
see Coal & Iron Company, and member of the Confed 
crate Congress), \ S. I olyar, Col. John Armfield (of 
Beersheba Springs), and ethers, whose precepts molded 
my young- mind to the idea of warranted pro 
in offering myself a sacrifice in opposing the attempted 
outrage of violently taking from the Southern people 
their heritage. 

"As the twig was bent, so has the tree inclined." 
As the scion of So in hern sentiment was thus engi 
the propagation followed. Beerslheba Springs was a 
place 1 Frequented, and the scenes of Southern culture 
at that old resort, together with the thrilling and haz- 
ardous sights in the war, make its recollections historic. 

Col. \rmfield was a man of wealth, and his wife a 
woman of polish. They established it, and gave cot- 




COL. JOHN ARMFIELD. 



tages to families of prominence. Bishops Otey and 
Polk, Mrs. L. Virginia French (th< Southern po 
the families of Charles Egbert Craddock, R L. < aruth 
ers, ETockett, Anderson, Gen. Hill, and persons 
caste formed the society. 

And when the hotel was allowed to open as a grand 
Southern resort, it was with the published notice that 
no illegal or immoral amusements would be allowed. 
and no gamblers could get accommodation even for a 
night. The sisterhood of grand Southern m 
mering there made the reputation of Beerslv >a 
into fame. Twenty miles from McMinnville and two 
thousand ve the sea. the health and altitude oi 

the place brought together not onl) minds thai m 
the politics of the country, but thai conceived th 
tablishmenl of the grand Episcopal Universit) of the 
| at Sewanee, and the wild flowers of our mi mi 
mnlied by the rich mental 

In a conversation once with Judge John M. Lea, of 
\.!sh\ die. touching the founder i f Beersheba, lie -in ike 
• a' the l.old. big-hearted man thus: "1 shall never forget 
that pleasanl old home on the brow of the mountain, 
overlooking a panorama as extensive and grand as 
• ver presented to the human eye ! here is within 
a few feet of the precipice a 'Druidical rock.' winch 
equaled the character of Col. \xmfield. f A child could 
give to it a gentle movement, but no human strength 
I cause it to topple or bi n ertut ned ;' so his kind 
could be touched lo the slightest appeals to 
generosity, but in all matters where duty and prin- 
ciple were involved, he was firm and immovable." 
When war's dread alarm was sounded his Southern 

bl 1 began to boil, and his purse sprang open to help 

all he could in the struggle, "until wild war's deadlj 
blast was hlawti." [oo ctivi set \ ice, he called 

up the neighboring mountaineers of Grund) County, 
equipped and put into the field a company, and took 
care of their Families whilst they were away, established 
l office in his own house, and had his family to 
write to and receive letters from them, lie became 
so popular with those old mountaineers that he was 
the irbiter of every dispute. The lawyers of Utamont 
said the) could nol li\ e, because of a 
t nl. \rmlield died after the war. and was burii 
Beersheba. The heaviest mourners at his gr; 
th. "-e stut nl aine rs, wh ■ >r themi ■ 

gli n \ in i \ er\ battle 

In July, [862, Forrest was cantoned mar there, pre- 
paratory to miking his grand Paid, resulting in the 
capture of 3,ooo prisonei al Murfreesboro. As his 
soldiers filed h 'i ba, Mrs. \rmlield had several 

sacks of coffee opened, and the haversack o<f 
derly was filled for Ins n 

Beersheba was the hajfw.n house between Chat t a 
nooga and Nashville and in the line of march between 
Bragg and Rosecrans. [The spectacle was grand, to 
sit in tl n a lory and see columns of gra) al times 

going back and at others going forward, and likewise 
the blue, pursuing and being pursued. Bui there was 
a class between the lines that the citizens feared, and 
that were a terror to everybody. The) were mountain 
bushwhackers and robbers. Col. John Armfield, being 
a man of wealth, afforded a target, and hut for his 
bravery and absolute Fearlessness he never could have 
lived in that wild, rugged mountain home. 



64 



Confederate l/eterap, 



The raids became so frequent that with the soldiers 
it was everyday talk, wondering how the robbers of 
Beersheba were treating Col. Armfield, and whether 
they would not finally kill him. I happened to be up 
there on one occasion when the home of Col. Armfield 
had filled with old gentlemen visitors. The Colonel 
emerged from the rear of the house, and said that one 
of his mountain friends had come to tell him that rob- 
bers would be in on him that night. So he went to 
work, getting his guns ready. Those old gentlemen 
planned for the battle. The two visiting boys were to 
make a scout about nightfall along the road where the 
robbers were expected, and if they were discovered to fire 
and run in, these old gentlemen agreeing not to open 
until we returned. The tramp down the road in the still 
night, without "the chirp of a bird or the sound of a 
cat," when any sound would have frightened a couple 
of fifteen years out of their wits, was one of the trying 
scenes of Beersheba ; and now, when I look back and 
think of our imprudence in firing anyhow, and running 
back to give the old gentlemen a scare, I pause to think 
of the dangerous experiment. These old fellows were 
ready to fight, and they would have done it had they 
seen an enemy. 

There was a robber terror up there by the name of 
Ainsworth, said to be a Chicago jail bird. He had to 
have ransom, like the old sheik around the Pyramids 
in Egvpt, to insure safety. His clan would loot Beer- 
sheba, but Armfield and family would be passed with- 
out violence. Col. Armfield always secretly feathering 
the leader's nest. 

Did you ever strike a rattlesnake den in the moun- 
tains? On one of the projections of the cliff I wan- 
dered with a friend one day off to an isolated spot, and 
walked out on a log overlooking a crevice. All at 
once a rattler began to ring his bell on the right, an- 
other one took up the refrain on the left, and without 
anything to throw at them I stood and saw about twen- 
ty enter holes of the crevice descending the mountain. 

One day, whilst passing through the caverns along 
the road from McMinnville leading to Beersheba, a 
native said he spied two bending trees that seemed to 
touch each other. He noticed a rustle of the meeting 
branches, and took it at first to be a bird, but on closer 
inspection found it was a black snake, coiled around 
and looking down at him, as if he intended to leap. 
The habits of the python in Africa came upon him, 
and he saw him here in miniature. Over there on that 
precipitous crag they say a mountain eagle had his 
eyrie. Down in those rugged gorges the bear, the 
deer, and other animals stayed. 

The sides of the mountain were the haunts of the 
bushwhacker and robber. Ensconced on these moun- 
tain sides they could whip a regiment, and the trying 
experiences of both parties in those mountain canyons 
were had amongst the divided factions. 

Did you ever hear or see those catamounts in the 
Cumberland? A friend told me that he arrived one 
night at the foot of Beersheba, a mile and a quarter 
from the top, and as he wound around the dismal, 
dreary ascent a catamount followed him with the most 
fearful shrieks. It frightened his horse almost beyond 
management, and after he got to Beersheba he did not 
get over the night's experience for a week. It was not 
Tantallon, in the Cumberland Mountains, on the 



Nashville and Chattanooga railroad, in 1866, just after 
the war, when I 7 .. I',. Teachout, a telegraph operator, 
w^as at work over his instrument, a hungry catamount 
jumped through the window of his room and stuck his 
fangs into the back of the operator's neck. His wife in- 
terceded, and together they finally killed the animal. 
Afterwards the operator went to his instrument and 
telegraphed William P. Gamis (superintendent) to 
send another operafc t. that the horrors of the Cumber- 
land he could not stand, and he would give up his 
place — and he did. President John YV. Thomas allud- 
ed to this incident as one of the thrilling experiences 
of the railroader, lie was auditor and paymaster of 
the Nashville and Chattanooga at that time. 

When I think of my boyhood terror of the moun- 
tains, and couple it with the moral turpitude brought 
about between men in war, I shudder over what "used 
to be" in those old days. 




MRS. ARMFIELD. 



Mrs. Armfield (formerly Miss Franklin, of Sumner 
County) is still in good health and fine mental vigor. 
Even her pearly teeth are as in days of yore. She is 
living at Bell Air, M'd., with her niece, Mrs. G. L. 
Van Bibber. She is now eighty-six years old, still liv- 
ing for others, and attributes her long life to the moun- 
tain air and pure waters of Beersheba. In a letter to 
me she says that she is as busy as ever with her needle, 
devoted to her Church, and tries to make others happv 
with her little remembrances. She had no children, 
but has raised and educated more than a dozen. She 
was one of the loveliest female characters Tennessee 
ever produced. This testimony of my boyhood mem- 
ory is strengthened in the fact of the devotion between 
herself and my honored father and mother. 

Touching resolutions on the character and liberality 
and usefulness of John Armfield are made enduring in 
the minutes of the county at Altamont, his county 
town, and the prominent of the old South will recall 
him as one of the useful citizens of his day. 



Confederate l/eterao. 



65 



DEATHS AT CLARKSVILLE, TENN., IN 1861-62. 

List of those who died of disease at Clarksville be- 
fore the battle of Fort Donelson, from a record kept 
by Miss Blanche L. Lewis, who, with her mother and 
others, cared for the sick in the hospital at Clarks- 
ville. Date of death is given, but the year is not stated, 
as in every case it was in the latter part of '61 or early 
in '62 . William F. Arnold, Waco, Tex., November 4 ; 
R. C. Archibald; W. W. Alexander, February 8; A. 
B. Archibald, December 17; E. Bailey ; Hezekiah But- 
ler, December 25; J. Burlison, Seventh Texas Regi- 
ment, December 18; Thomas Butler, January 31; J. 
N. Bradford. January 31 ; J. L. Bradwell, February 
8; William Burne, February 12; Robert Blackburn, 
Marion County, Tex., November 11; J. M. Robbet, 
Tippa County, Miss., December 12; A. B. Bryan, Sev- 
enth Texas, December 1.3; Thomas E. Briggs, I Fin 
son County, Tex., December 3; William L. Bridges, 
December 30; Thomas Brock, Fiftieth Tennessee Reg- 
iment : 1\. Ballard, Fiftieth Tennessee Regiment, Jan- 
uary 25; R. R. Chenney. Forrest's Cavalry, 1 
1!, January 3; I. W. Cockran, January 8: C. C. Cart- 
right, January 18 ; William B.Campbell, Gregg's Regi 
ment, Texas, January 23; J. M. Conley, January 28; 
II. I'. Collins, Third Mississippi Regiment, February 
20; James Claypool, Seventh Texas Regiment, 1 >■ 
cember [4; James Conway. Pontotoc County, Miss., 
December 12; Samuel Chapman, December 17. 
CJough, Texas Regiment; X. G. Derrit, December 
17; A. F. Davidson, Truett's Cavalry, Forrest's R 
ment, January 31; T. D. Darks. Thirtieth Tennessee 
Regiment, February 8 ; William Daniel. February to; 
Lewis Dooby, Tippah County, Miss., October 21; J. 
11. Donisak, Thirtieth rennessee Regiment, January 
2^; J. P. Erskins; J. A. Floyd, Third Mississippi, De- 
cember [i); W. T. Fife, December 14; J. \\ . Free- 
man, December 13: Henry Farmer, Fiftieth l 
Company F, February 3; Henry Fortenbery, (apt. 
Smalley's Regiment, Arkansas; Benjamin Gaines, 
Third Mississippi Regiment, January 2; II. S. Gris- 
som, February 17: J. W. Hogg; John Henderson, 
Col. Gregg's rexas Regiment; G. T. Hale; Thomas 
Haley; W. C. Holt, First Mississippi Regiment, Jan- 
uary 27; G. 1. Harris, February 13; John Hammock; 
(apt. Hill, Texas Regiment; B. F. Hill, December 
22; John Johnson, January 2; J. C. Jenkins, Forty- 
Eighth Tennessee, < ompony D. February to; Nicho- 
las Jordan. February 3; T. J. Kelley. February 
B. P. King; E. A. Kelly. Seventh Texas, Deo 
14; Alvah A. Langston, Calloway County, Ky., Octo- 
I" 1 :o; I). F. Fane. Third Mississippi Regiment; 
Tames F. Fink. Thirtieth Tennessee, January 30; Wil- 
liam Mi seley, December 19: A. !l. .Martin, Seventh 
Texas Regiment, December 20; John Montgomery. 
February 5; Eli McKamee; V Mahoffey, February 
3; Ben Massee, January 7; A. Miller: M. Manning, 
Fiftieth Tennessee Regiment, January 25 : 1. W. Neth- 
aland, January 16: John O'Conner; W. R. Oquin, 
Fiftieth Tennessee, January 25; W. A. Oliver, Col. 
s Regiment; J. W. Pucket, Fifty-Ninth 
Tennessee. Company J, February 12; A. P. Poplin; 

V I'.. Phillips, December 22: R. H. Powell, Seventh 
Texas. December 13; A. J. Penson; Peter Pilkinton. 



December 14; Robert Prickett, Fifty- First Virginia 
Regiment; J. Powers, Fiftieth Tennessee, January 27; 
John Price, Mississippi ; J. L. Read, Twenty-Seventh 
Alabama; J. S. Reid, October 15; S. S. Skinner, 
Twenty-Seventh Alabama; J. G. Southerland, Febru- 
ary 10; S. P. Smith, Fiftieth Texas Regiment, Com- 
pany C, January 31 ; Lieut. E. R. Steel, Col. Gregg's 
Texas Regiment, March 4; R. H. Short, Fifty-Sixth 
Virginia, Company E, February 18; John B. Strong, 
Seventh Texas Regiment, December 20; W. Suggs, 
First Mississippi Regiment; John Shields; William 
Spergens, Mississippi, October 18; William Sythe- 
more; Spencer; John Shclton ; J. Shapen, Thirtieth 
Tennessee Regiment; R. A. Smith. Fiftieth Tennessee 
Regiment ; Tatum, February 5; J. T. Thweat, Febru 
ary 12; M. C. Turner, January 1 ; W. F. Vann; James 
11. White. Kentucky Regiment, Camp Boon. Decem- 
ber to; Charles Welsh, December 10; J. IF Walker; 
Joshua V hite (?.) '■ is, December 9; L. H. Wil- 
, February 7; C. D. Wigginton, January 24 ; Wil- 
liam V est First Mississip ment, famuary 2; 
G. D. West : William Katson ; Lieut. E. B. lxojson (?), 
ent. 
These died in the hospital at Clarksville, all bill 
one iron; wounds received in the battle of Fort Donel- 
son : W. G. Williams, Wellesville, Mi udav 
morning, March 25; James Micheal, Cartersville, 
Miss., Saturday night, April 5: B. A. J. Jones, Pond 
Spring, Ga., Monday morning, March to; S. M. Smith, 
\irv, N. C, Wednesday morning. March 12. 

\. I. Deatherage, Roane County, F. Tenn., Monday 

March 17; J, G. Justice, Flag Pond, E. Tenn., 

'Tuesday morning, February 25 ; John Wydner, Laurel, 

\a.. Satuid.i' [arch 1; E. II. Pendleton, 

d'bury, Tenn., Saturday morning. March 23; B. 

F. Flit Highland. Miss.. Monday, February 24. 

WOUND) FORI DONELSON. 

Partial lisl of the wounded soldiers brought from 
Fort Donelson to the hospital at Clarksville. Tenn.. 
many of whom died in the hospital: B. F. Arndale, 
New River. Ala.; R. F. Abernathy. Fifty-Third Ten- 
nessee, Pulaski, Tenn.; J. K. Bonds, Twenty-Sixth 
Mississippi. Tishomingo County, Miss, (died); G. B. 
Bonds, Twenty-Sixth N I ■■ ii, Tishomingo I bounty, 

; I. Bassett, Eighth Kentucky. Rumsey, Ky.; 
F K. Buckner, Thin 1 Tennessee. Pelham, 

Tenn.; J. Ballengi t's Kentucky Artillery, 

s, Tnd.; William Baldwin. Springdale, Miss.; R. 
eth Virginia, Stoake ('reek. \ a (died); 
D. N. Clark, Fiftieth Virginia, Jonesville, Va. (died); 
R. B. Clark. Fiftieth Virginia, Jonesville, Va.; G W. 
Cooper, ('ok Dearing, Westmalan, Tenn. (d 

_ Simon Cimins. Tenth Tennessee. Franklin. Tenn.; C. 

"j. Countus, Fiftieth Virginia, Virginia; J. H. Chronis- 
ter, Fifty-Fourth 'Tennessee. Henryville, Tenn. (died); 
1 S Christian. Forty-Second Alabama. Stevi 
Via. (died); F F. Christian, Forty-Second Alabama, 
Stevenson. Mi.: John Carter. Twenty-Sixth Tennes- 
see, Graysvilli ■ V. J. Cook, Twenty-Sixth 
Mississippi, Bumsville, Miss.; William Claxton, 
Eighth Kentucky, Tan Yard, Ky. ; T. M. Cooper, 
Third Tennessee, Newberg, Tenn. (died); James Cog- 
hill. Pedlar's MilF. Va. (died); D. IF Cuff. Buffalo, 
Tenn. (died); Argyle Campbell, Col. Forrest's Cav- 



66 



Confederate l/eterai). 



airy, Coffersville, Tex. (died) ; Horace Campbell, Cof- 
fersville, Tex. ; William Chambliss, Tyro, Tex. (died) ; 
Lary Dossett, Eighth Kentucky, Sacramento, Ky. ; 
William Dwyer, Twentieth Mississippi, Mississippi ; 
J. E. Day, Third Mississippi, Tardyville, Miss. ; A. J. 
Deatherage, Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Ten Miles 
Stand, E Tenn. (died) ; Azariah Doty, Forrest's Cav- 
alry, Lancaster, Ky. (died); J. P. Ferguson, Fiftieth 
Virginia. Centenary, Va. (died) ; William Evans, 
Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Kingston, Tenn. ; Henry 
Evans, Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Kingston, Tenn. ; 
H. R. Edwards, Fifty-First Virginia, Guessy Station, 
Va. ; J. H. Etter, Thirty-Sixth Virginia, Lonville, Ky. ; 

B. F. Ferguson, Highland, Miss, (died) ; R. H. Fox, 
Twentieth Mississippi, Thomastown, Miss, (died) ; 
Samuel Fitzgerald, Fifty-First Virginia, Lovinstown, 
Va. ; William S. Ferrell, Thirty-Sixth Virginia, Logan 

C. H., Va.; Patrick Fitzgerald, Second Kentucky, 
Louisville, Ky. ; G. W. Givens, Forrest's Cavalry, 
Covington, Ky. (died); FI. W. Gardner, First Mis- 
sissippi, Springdale, Miss. ; James Gann, First Mis- 
sissippi, Tremont, Miss. ; S. H. Goodwin, Seventh 
Texas, Knoxville, Tex. (died); G. C. Gibbs, Fifty- 
Fourth Tennessee, Clifton, Tenn. ; G. A. Green, Third 
Mississippi, Shelby Creek, Miss, (died) ; J. B. Harvey, 
Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, Cripple Deer, Miss. ; J. W. 
Harvey, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, Cripple Deer, 
Miss. ; Patrick Hennessey, Porter's Artillery, Para- 
dise, Tenn. ; R. A. Harper, Twentieth Mississippi, 
Mashulaville, Miss, (died) ; William R. Harris, Fifty- 
Sixth Tennessee, Stewart County, Tenn. (died) ; A. 
Hopper, First Mississippi, Guntown, Miss, (died) ; 
William Hofford, Fiftieth Virginia, Newbern, Va. ; 
Leroy Hopson, Twenty-First Alabama, Davis Creek, 
Ala.; Nathan Harris, Fourteenth Mississippi, Juncty 
Station, Miss, (died) ; John W. Harris, Twenty- 
Eighth Tennessee, Centerville, Tenn. (died) ; Tom 
Hall, Dover, Tenn. (died); J. K. P. Jacobs, Sixth 
Kentucky, Shadsville. 111. (died) ; I. G. Justice, Twen- 
ty-Sixth Tennessee, Flag Pond, E. Tenn. (died); E. 
W. Jones, Third Mississippi, Dumas, Miss. ; David 
Jones, Third Mississippi, Dumas, Miss. ; B. A. J. 
Jones, Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Pond Spring, Ga. 
(died) ; C. C. Delay, Seventh Texas, Allatta County, 
Ga. (died) ; William M. Kennedy, First Virginia Bat- 
talion, Five Oaks, Va. ; J. T. Knuckles, Fiftieth Vir- 
ginia, Pedlar's Mills, Va.; D. L. Lawrence, Eighth 
Kentucky, Havsville, Ky. ; J. A. Lawson, Forrest's 
Cavalry, Crawford, Ala. (died); J. O. McMakin, 
Twentieth Mississippi, Webster, Miss. ; David Moore, 
Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Washington, E. Tenn. ; Har- 
rison Martin, First Mississippi, Byhalia, Miss, (died) ; 
William F. Melton, Fifty-Fourth Tennessee, West 
Point, Tenn. ; William Morgan, First Mississippi, 
Springdale, Miss. : James Michael, Twenty-Sixth Mis- 
sissippi. Cartersville, Miss, (died) ; J. W. Meggs. Fif- 
tieth Tennessee, Nero Sight, Ala.; Isaac Meeks, Third 
Mississippi, Ruckerville, Miss. ; W. F. Moore, First 
Mississippi, Pittsboro, Miss. ; J. B. McCulhvm, Twen- 
ty-Sixth Tennessee, Concord, Tenn. (died) ; John Mes- 
ser, Thirty-Sixth Virginia, Logan C. H., Va. ; S. Y. 
Munday, Twenty-Sixth Tennessee, Prestonville, Tenn. 
(died); J. M. Myers, Rossville, Ga. (died); E. Mitchell, 
Eighth Kentucky, Cadiz, Ky. ; D. F. Norton, Fourth 
Mississippi, Carrollton, Miss.; Thomas O'Conner, 



Eighth Kentucky, Rumsey, Ky. (died) ; S. H. Owins, 
Tennessee (died); N. F. Porter, Twentieth Missis- 
sippi, Mississippi; W. H. Petty, Fourteenth Missis 
sippi, Tampico. Miss, (died) ; E. H. Pendleton, 
Eighteenth Tennessee, Woodbury, Tenn. (died) ; Eli- 
jah Parker, Second Kentucky, Petersburg, Ky. ; Eli 
Phillips, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, Burnsville, Miss, 
(died) ; Jonathan Plunket, First Mississippi, Bexar, 
Ala. (died) ; Hervev Parrin, Eighth Kentucky, Rus- 
sellville, Ky. (died) ; R. H. Ramsey, Eighth Kentucky, 
Vandersburg, Ky. (died); E. W. D. Richmond, Fifti- 
eth Tennessee, Waverly, Tenn.; Robert Reagh, Four- 
teenth Mississippi, West Point, Miss. ; A. A. Rainey, 
Eighth Kentucky, Wallonia, Ky. ; Evan Tipton, Fifti- 
eth Virginia, Draper Valley, Va. (died) ; N. J. Slaven, 
Thirty-Sixth Virginia, Robinshood, Va. (died) ; J. T. 
Smith, Second Kentucky, Shawhan, Ky. ; S. M. Smith, 
Fiftieth Virginia, Mt. Airy, N. C. (died); Peter 
Stringer, Eighth Kentucky ; A. R. Shackleford, Sev- 
enth Texas, Tyler, Tex. (died) ; Dorsey Strickland, 
Twenty-Fifth Mississippi, Cotton Gin, Miss, (died) ; 
H. C. Saunders, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, Tupelo, 
Miss. ; J. M. Strickland, Phoenix Mills, Miss. 
(died) ; G. A. Underwood, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, 
Campbell Station, Tenn. ; J. N. Thomas, First Missis- 
sippi, Shannon, Miss, (died) ; Francis Taylor, Second 
Kentucky, St. Louis, Mo. ; J. M. Willis, Twenty-Sixth 
Mississippi, Burnsville, Miss. ; Thomas Welsh, Capt. 
Porter's Artillery, Nashville, Tenn. ; John Wydner, 
Fiftieth Virginia, Laurel, Va. (died) ; Enoch Warren, 
Forty-Eighth Tennessee. Newberg, Tenn. (died) ; W. 
S. Williams, Third Mississippi, Wallerville, Miss, 
(died) ; W. M. Ward, Twenty-Eirst Alabama, Fayette 
C. H., Ala. (died) ; J. H. West, Fourteenth Mississippi, 
Aberdeen, Miss, (died) ; Richard Wofford, Green's 
Artillery, Smithland, Ky. (died); W. F. Waldrop, 
Fifty-Sixth Virginia, Auburn Mills, Va. (died) ; J. P. 
Yates, Twentieth Mississippi, New Orleans, La. ; Wil- 
liam Richards, Thirty-Sixth Virginia, Logan County, 
Va. (died) ; J. G. Allen, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, 
Itawamba, Miss, (died) ; J. A. McGuire, Second Ken- 
tucky, Lawrenceburg, Ky. ; J. W. Tucker, Maney's 
Artillery. Brentwood, Tenn. ; M. Turnley, Fourth Mis- 
sissippi, Rock Point, Miss, (died) ; James Fitzpatrick, 
First Mississippi, Springdale, Miss, (died) ; W. S. 
Batrume, Fifty-Fourth Tennessee, Clifton, Tenn. ; Ben 
McAllister, Virginia; Johnson R. Worden, Virginia; 
S. C. White, Twenty-Sixth Mississippi, Tishomingo 
County, Miss. ; I. Hammock, Fourteenth Mississippi, 
Aberdeen, Miss. (died). Of other dead there were: 
Clark Vaughn ; T. Tucker, Twentieth Kentucky ; W. 
P. Bowman, Patrick County, Va. ; R. S. Rogers, Pat- 
rick County, Va. ; F. M. Johns, Smith's Cross Roads, 
Ky. 

TENNESSEEANS AT FREDERICKSBURG, VA. 

List of killed and wounded of the Fourteenth Ten- 
nessee Regiment in the action at Fredericksburg, Va., 
December 13, 1863 (privates when not otherwise 
designated) : 

Killed: R. C. Whitfield, Company A; R. G. High- 
smith, Company E, Sergeant ; John Haley, Company 
E ; C. J. Hagler, Company D ; A. A. Waggoner, Com- 



Qoofederat^ l/eterao. 



67 



pany E, First Sergeant; John Smith, Company F; 
Andrew Rogers, Company F ; S. W. Spurrier, Com- 
pany H ; John S. Baldwin, Company I ; J. P. Brown, 
Company K, Captain ; Z. G. Green, Company K, Sec- 
ond Lieutenant ; W. H. King, Company L. 

Wounded : F. W. Barnes, Company A, arm ; G. A. 
Tompkins, Company A, shoulder (died) ; T. D. John- 
son, Company A, leg; T. L. Hicks, Company B, Ser- 
geant, mouth ; James Hamlitt, Company B, thigh ; 
John B. Cross, Company B, Sergeant, hand; H. C. 
Crank, Company C, Sergeant, leg; A. C. Rose, Com- 
pany C, Corporal, leg; J. M. Jones, Company C, head; 
F. M. Bell, Company C, arm; John W. Virgin, Com- 
pany C, foot and side; R. B. Holman, Company C, 
jawbone broken; T. H. Benton, Company C, arm 
broken ; W. K. B. Laws, Company C, side and arm ; 
Jacob Walters, Company D, Corporal, head ; John F. 
Lick, Company D, side; A. T. Sudreth, Company D, 
jaw; James L. Edwards, Company C, thigh ; T. J. Don- 
nell, Company E, Second Lieutenant, abdomen; W. 
P. Randle, Company E, Sergeant, breast ; D. C. 
Moore, Company E, Sergeant, shoulder; Thomas S. 
Sikcs. Company E, side ; C. C. Crockell, Company E, 
Second Lieutenant, face; John Largent, Company F. 
Second Lieutenant, back; L. O. Burden, Company F, 
leg; J. A. Holmes, Company F, arm; George Mar- 
berry, Company F, hand ; John McAskell, Company 
F, finger shot off; William McAskell, Company F, 
contusion ; Henry Morris, Company F, thigh ; Tom 
Smith, Company F. head ; W. H. Page, Company F, 
hand ; W. C. Hogan, Company F, side ; James S. Wil- 
son, Company F, Corporal, thigh; R. F. Mtirphey, 
Company H, shoulder; George H. Spencer, Company 
H, finger shot off; D. C. Jackson, Company H, arm; 
W. F. Durrett, Company J, Second Lieutenant, arm; 
J. M. Kiger, Company J, leg; James Solomon, Com- 
pany J, shoulder; A. W. Payne, Company K. Sergeant, 
arm; W. W. Moses, Company K, arm; J. E. Rans 
dale, Company K. arm; J. G. Rogers, Company K, 
hand ; W. R. Comperry, Company K, head ; John W. 
King, Company L, Second Lieutenant, side; George 
Moore, Company L, Sergeant, shoulder ; J. K. Chester, 
Company L, Sergeant, breast; G. B. Riggins, Com- 
pany L. 

RELIGIOUS RELIC CARRIED THROUGH TWO WARS. 

An image was taken from a Catholic church in the 
city of Mexico in 1849 by Eli Barrett, private in the 
Third Tennessee. Col. Savage, of McMinnville, com- 
manded his company. The image (of Christ) is of 
brass, six inches long, and was carried by Barrett in 
his pocket through the time he served in that war. 
He brought it home, and when responding to the call 
for volunteers to defend our Southland, in the sixties, 
Barrett put this image in his pocket again, joined an- 
other Tennessee regiment, and served through the 
whole conflict. He then came home, laid the relic 
of two wars away again, and after the lapse of thirty- 
five years, he took it to Woodbury and sold it to Mr. 
McCrary, who reports the story. Barrett is eighty- 
seven years old. 

Mrs. E. L. Brown, Historian. Barbour Chapter, U. 
D. C, Eufaula, Ala., has sent a letter of inquiry : 



I ask you to investigate the statement made in the 
Sunny South of October, 1900, that to Mr. Frank- 
lin J. Moses, the renegade Governor of South Caro- 
lina, was due the honor of having fired the first gun 
in the war between the States. The article was head- 
ed "The Surrender of Fort Sumter to the Confederate 
States." It surprised me greatly, and I was sorely dis- 
appointed. For thirty-nine years I had been giving 
this honor to my friend, Mr. George Haynesworth, of 
Sumter, S. C. I had, while in school at Columbia, 
heard his name as the hero who fired the first gun. 
When 1 married a resident of Sumter, in 1871, I went 
there to live, and heard Mr. Haynesworth relate an 
accounl of the bombardment. He dwelt with pride 
and delight on the honor that had fallen to him. I had 
never heard the name of Mr. Moses in any way con- 
nected with this incident, though he was living in Sum- 
ter at the time of mv residence there. To those who 
feel 110 personal interest in the question, this inquiry 
may seem "much ado about nothing," but as a loyal 
U. D. (". pledged to aid in establishing a correct his- 
tory of the great war for the instruction of future gen- 
erations, it does matter a great deal. 



THRILLING EXPERIENCES BY DR, TICHENOR. 

Dr. George IT. Tichenor, Surgeon General, Louis- 
iana Division. I '. ( '. V., is a native of Kentucky, but 
i'i] to Nashville, Tenn., in 1859. He entered the 
Confederate service in that State by joining the Wil- 
liamson County "Hare Devils." June 6, 1861, com- 
manded by Capt. William Ewing. 




DR. GHORGI II. 1 11 11 KM iK 



68 



Qopfederate l/eterai?. 



A battalion was formed, and elected F. N. McNary 
lieutenant colonel and commander of the Second Ten- 
nessee Cavalry. In due time orders came to march to 
Knoxville, Term., thence to Cumberland Gap. Their 
first field of service was scouting on both sides of 
the Cumberland Mountains, and the first battles of 
importance in which Dr. Tichenor participated were 
at Fishing Creek (Mill Springs), Gen. Zollicofer com- 
manding until killed; Laurel Bridge, Ky., September 
28. 1861 ; a running fight at London, Ky., Sunday, 
September 29, 1861 ; and October 23, 1861 ; also a 
skirmish at Cumberland Gap followed. 

Orders were then received to march in the direction 
of Mississippi, to join Gen. Johnston's army. 

May 13, 1862, the company reorganized, when 
young Tichenor was elected orderly sergeant of Com- 
pany B, Second Tennessee Cavalry. May 30, 1862, 
ordered to make a forced march to protect Boonville, 
Miss.; Capts. Parrish's. Martin's, and McKnight's com- . 
panies, three in all, were moved rapidly to the rescue of 
Boonville. When they approached near Boonville, 
they could see that the Federals had possession and 
were burning the place. Just before reaching town 
Col. Bob McCullough came dashing up, and com- 
manded : "Halt! Front face! Right dress! Atten- 
tion, men; how many have we?" "One hundred and 
twenty-five all told." "I am going to command you, 
and all depends on perfect obedience to my commands. 
You are not to raise a gun, pistol, or saber until I or- 
der you. I propose to recapture all of our men that 
the Yanks have taken and save Boonville by a daring 
move. By twos, left wheel into line; march." In a 
few minutes we were marching into Boonville, facing 
3,000 to 5,000 Federals. Onward they marched up 
within fifty yards of two lines of battle. "Halt! Left 
wheel into line ; right dress." As they made no show 
of fight, the enemy did not fire on them, seeing that 
they had only a handful of men. However, they soon 
manifested uneasiness. They could not understand 
such a dare-devil move as had been made, marching 
and countermarching and making no show to fight. 
Finally, the Confederates who were prisoners discov- 
ered their friends, and they raised such a yell that it 
seemed to shake the ground. They considered them- 
selves no longer prisoners. This caused the Yanks to 
become confused, and when some one yelled out, "We 
are trapped and will all be captured," this was enough : 
the stampede commenced. It was fearful to see how 
they ran over each other, trying to make their escape. 
They gave a few parting shots while running, killing 
G. A. Calwell, of Company B, and wounding five of 
the command. As soon as the enemy retreated, Col. 
McCullough's men dismounted and rushed to the 
railroad and separated the burning cars, while the 
bombshells were flying in every direction from them, 
saving most of the ammunition train and ordnance 
stores. The men kept up such yelling and rejoicing 
over the victory, planned by "Uncle Bob," that the 
Yanks never stopped running until they reached 
Corinth. Lieut. Col. C. R. Barteau, commanding the 
Second Tennessee Cavalry, was complimented, as well 
as the entire command participating in this daring 
move, which accomplished so much for our retreating 
army. In the depot there were a dozen or more help- 
less, sick, and wounded Confederates. It was a fearful 
sight to sec the number of men cremated in the sta- 



tions and under the station house, and no one able 
to get there to pull or drag them from the burning 
building. 

The command was next ordered to go to the front 
as advance guard for Gen. Armstrong's division of 
cavalry. September 14, 1S62, Iuka, Miss., was cap- 
tured by Armstrong before Price's army arrived. An 
immense amount of supplies was captured, making 
the men happy at the prospect of -a full meal once 
more. September 19. 1862, while at Iuka. the enemy 
from Corinth marched out within four miles of Iuka, 
and gave battle, killing Gen. Little. On the 20th of 
September Gen*. Price ordered the army to fall back. 
Young Tichenor was then detailed to take charge of 
one division of commissary wagons. Gen. Price sent 
orders to hurry up the train. The men, after their 
heart v men!, were very slow, and Young Tichenor re- 
paired to headquarters as quick as he could, and said: 
"General, if you will order a shell thrown into the 
wagon camp, I guarantee the train will move in thirty 
minutes." "Thank you, Orderly; I will do it." In a 
few minutes bang! bang! was heard, and when the 
smoke was cleared from the bursting shell, the team- 
sters got a first-class move on them, and in a few min- 
utes all the trains were out on the roads considered 
safe. 

October 5, 1862, the command was in battle near 
Tuscumbia. October 9, 1862, the subject of this 
sketch left camp, being wounded badly, and his mili- 
tary service suspended until February 4, 1863. At 
that date he reported for duty to Col. C. R. Barteau, 
at Okolona. His orders were to rest quiet until he 
could hear from Richmond. On January 8, 1863, a 
commission had been issued to him, and he was or- 
dered, to Middle Tennessee as recruiting officer for 
the Second Tennessee Cavalry. The order was from 
Col. Barteau, and approved by the inspector general's 
office, Richmond. With his commission in his pocket, 
he started for Spring Hill, Tenn., and arrived on Feb- 
ruary 20, 1863, in time to witness the general confu- 
sion caused by the killing of Gen. Van Dorn by Dr. 
Peters. He made his headquarters with his friend, 
Robert McFlmore, but soon after his arrival it was 
his misfortune to have a severe spell of sickness. Be- 
fore he was able to travel our army fell back, and he 
was left inside of the enemy's lines. As soon as re- 
stored to health he called a number of our boys to- 
gether and submitted plans for equipping all who 
would join him, and at the same time do good service. 
They readily consented. His men, knowing every foot 
of ground in Williamson County, enabled them to be 
verv successful in all of their movements. Within 
two months they captured four wagon trains. Some 
were saved and some were burned. Their finest sport 
was running the pickets into Franklin, and capturing 
a few well-equipped cavalry horses every few nights. 
Their parting respects to the Federal army, stationed 
at Franklin. Tenn., was on learning that a large partv 
of negroes were going to make a break for freedom, 
by going to the Federals at Franklin, and in order to 
aid the negroes a company of cavalry was to meet 
them and escort them into Franklin. Knowing the 
night, Capt. Tichenor managed to get only five of his 
men to agree to undertake the capture. When the 
time came, it was a favorable night for executing his 
plan. They stationed themselves on each side of a 



Qopfederate 1/eterai). 



69 



stone fence on the turnpike road, between Spring Hill 
and Columbia, Tenn. He placed his men in a tri- 
angular position on each side of the turnpike, and 
waited the arrival of the Federal cavalry. It was the 
Captain's plan to call a halt, and demand their sur- 
render, and each man along the line was to demand 
the same, with a like command. They waited until 
1 i p.m., and were rewarded for their patience by hear- 
ing the horses' feet and the rattling of the sabers. As 
soon as the head of the column was abreast of Capt. 
Tichenor, he commanded them to halt, surrender, and 
dismount. The same command rang out in distinct 
tones from each side of the stone fence. The Federal 
captain called out: "Don't shoot; we will surrender." 
Capt. Tichenor commanded them to dismount, lav 
their arms on the side of the road, and form fours, 
lie called to the sergeant major to take the captured 
horses; then ordered the command to remain in their 
places, and instructed that five men be detailed from 
the troops supposed to be behind the fences. His 
horses were brought tip, having been held by one man, 
and they mounted, when he gave the order for the 
prisoners to forward by fours and to keep in the mid- 
dle of the road. lie talked to them kindly, telling 
them he would treat them well if they obeyed orders. 
All went well until one of the prisoners broke for lib- 
erty, He was quickly shot and left on the road, and 
the)' had no more trouble. Just before arriving at 
Columbia, they met the negroes with wagons and 
teams loaded with their plunder. Capt. Tichenor 
halted them and told them the Rebs had captured 
their friends, and now to turn around and go back to 
Columbia. They hesitated, when he commanded 
Oil tn to obey or he would fire on them. Thev obeyed 
in quick order when they saw the Federal prisoners. 
They arrived in Columbia just as the sun was rising. 
It was not long before the town was aroused and out 
in full force to witness the result of the night's work 
of six men. Capt. Tichenor senl back to secure the 
Federal arms left on the roadside, and they were 
brought in. The result of this daring venture was the 
capture of forty men. fort) horses, all equipped, fifty 
negroes, and five wagons and trams. The Federal 
captain was asked how many Rebs he hail seen. 
lie replied: "I have seen only six. but on each side 
of the fence we left behind not less than a full regi- 
men', judging from the number of officers who called 
out for surrender." Capt. Tichenor then returned 
South to ('anion. Miss., and was discharged from the 
army because of disability of wounds. He married on 
\< vember i->. iSo;. During the month of January, 
[864, a special order was issued, instructing that all 
able bodied men should go into the army, and the 
wounded soldiers should go into the commissar) and 
quartermaster's department, Capt. Tichenor was or- 
dered to act as provost marshal for ('anion. Miss. 
This order In- obeyed, and it was the means of recruit- 
ing our army with a few men who were very loyal. 

During the war Dr. Tichenor was wounded four 
times. It was bis good fortune to possess money 
enoughtopayfor ami secure the very best entertainment 
and attention when sick or wounded. He gave con- 
siderable attention to our hospital service, being a 
chemist and medical student licensed to practice. His 
opinions were respected by those he came in contact 
with. Soon after the close of the war Dr. Tichenor 



came to Louisiana, and for many years successfully 
practiced his profession at Baton Rouge and else- 
where. Later he came to New Orleans, and has al- 
ways been prominent in Confederate veteran circles, 
being the Commander of Camp No. 9, Confederate 
Veterans' Cavalry Association, for a number of years 
in succession. When Gen. Lombard was elected 
Major General of the Louisiana Division of United 
Confederate Veterans, Dr. Tichenor was appointed 
Surgeon General on his staff. — N. 0. Picayune. 



GEN. RUFUS BARRINGER. 

It is said that, to raise a child well, you must begin 
with its grandparents, therefore I mention that Rufus 
Barringer, of Cabarrus County, N. C. was a son of 
Paul Barringer, whose commission as brigadier gen- 
eral of the Eleventh Brigade, North Carolina State 
Troops, bears date of | v .ember 23, 1N1J. His grand- 
father. John Paul Barringer, was born in Germany, 
1721, and came to this country on the ship Phoenix in 
[743, and settled in Cabarrus, where he commanded 
the militia before the revolution (giving his orders m 
German). He was a prominent member of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, and was captured by the Tories and 
suffered a long and tedious imprisonment. 

On the mother's side wee the Lockes and P.randons, 
picuous for their patriotism, gallantry, and suf- 
ferings during the revolutionar) struggle. With such 
examples and such inheritance of patriotic devotion 
to duty, nothing could have been expected of Rufus 
Barringer bin a prompt response to the call of his 
country, even Chough in principle and action he had 
1 1 1 sect ssii >n. 

Rufus Barringer was born in Cabarrus County, N. 
I December 2, [821. lie was pri or college 

at Sugar (reek Academy, graduated at Chapel Hill 
in [842; studied law, and 
practiced in ( \ mcord until 
iie entered the army. A 
Whig in politics, he was .1 
member of the House of 
1 1 >itmn his in [848, of the 
State Senate at the f< blow- 
ing session, and a Bell and 
Everett elector in t86o. 
lb made himself unpopu- 
lar by lus strong stand 
against secession, and by 
his prediction that it would 
result in war, fierce and 
bloody. When war was in 
evitable, he urged the 1 1 
islature. then in session, to 
arm the State and prepare for the support and care 
of troops. \t Hi,- firing on Sumter, he raised a cam 
pany, which became Compan) F, First North Carolina 
1 avalry. Mis commission as captain bears date of 
May 10. [861. 1 'nder fine drilling and the thorough 
discipline of Robert Ransom, its first colonel, this reg- 
iment was considered the best cavalry regiment in 
the Confederate service. 1 'nder Hampton and Fitz- 
hugh I ee. its history was glorious iii every campaign. 
winning against great odds at Chamberlain Run. "the 
last Confederate victory of tin war." March 31, 1865. 




GEN. BARK lM.ru. 



70 



Qopfederate l/eterai? 



On August 26, 1863, he was promoted to be major 
of the First Regiment, and three months later to lieu- 
tenant colonel. In June, 1864, he received his com- 
mission as brigadier general of cavalry, his command 
consisting of the First, Second, Third, and Fifth Reg- 
iments. This m^ 1st efficient cavalry corps in the army 
jras often complimented by Gen. R. E. Lee, and spe- 
cially for gallantry at Reams Station, and for its heroic 
achievement at Chamberlain Run. 

On April 3, 1865, while making an effort to extricate 
one of his regiments from peril at Xamozene Church, 
Va., Gen. Barringer was captured by the Jesse scouts, 
in Confederate disguise, and taken to City Point with 
Gens. Ewell and Custis Lee. Lincoln, in Congress, 
had desked with his elder brother, D. M. Barringer, 
forming a warm friendship for him, and he asked for 
an interview with Gen. Barringer, stating that he was 
the first live Confederate general he had seen in full 
uniform. At parting, Lincoln gave him a card to Stan- 
ton, by which, after Lincoln's death, he obtained trans- 
fer from the Old Capital prison at Washington to Fort 
Delaware. There he was detained until August, 1865. 

Gen. Barringer, it is said, was in seventy-six actions. 
He had two horses shot under him, and was wounded 
three times, most seriously at Brandy Station. He was 
an able, enterprising, and efficient officer, winning the 
confidence of his superior officers and, though a strict 
disciplinarian, the esteem and affection of his soldiers, 
to whom he was strongly attached, which attachment 
ended only with his life, as shown by one of the last 
commissions given to his family in a broken voice : 
"Remember Company F ; see that not one of them ever 
suffers want. They ever loved me, they were faithful 
to me under all circumstances. Always stand up for 
Confederate soldiers, and for North Carolina ; see that 
justice is done her ; let her never be traduced." 

His devotion to his State and to his men was shown 
in 1862, when he declined the position offered him by 
Gen. T. J. Jackson, as quartermaster general on his 
staff saying that he preferred to remain with his men. 
Lately was found on a slip from an old newspaper his 
letter, dated Orange C. H , Va., October 17, 1863, de- 
clining nomination for Congress, saying: "For many 
reasons I prefer my name should not be used. I en- 
tered the army from a sense of duty alone, counting 
the cost and knowing the sacrifices. Our great object 
is not yet attained, and I do not consider it consistent 
with my obligations here to accept any civil or polit- 
ical office during the war. I think it better for those in 
service to stand by their colors, whilst those at home 
should all unite in a cordial and earnest support of the 
authorities in feeding, clothing, and otherwise sustain- 
ing the gallant men (and their families) who are fight- 
ing not only for our rights, but for the safety of our 
homes and firesides. The army is not faint-hearted, 
and will nobly perform its duty to the country." 

Gen. Barringer, in 1865, removed from Concord to 
Charlotte, where he practiced law until 1884, a conspic- 
uous figure in his military cape with his green bag in 
his hand. He was a man of deep religious convictions, 
an elder in the Presbyterian Church, yet he did not 
intrude his opinions on others, believing in the utmost 
liberty in both religious and political opinions. He 
was a man of culture, fond of literature and history; 
took great pride in the heroism of the Southern sol- 



diers, interesting himself greatly in the welfare of the 
Confederate veterans, and contributing liberally to all 
movements in their behalf. 

In 1881 he contributed a series of cavalry sketches 
tn the Concord Sun, detailing the battles of Five 
Forks, Chamberlain Run, and other notable engage- 
ments. 

He endeavored to impress upon his fellow-soldiers 
their duty to their comrades in putting on record their 
deeds of heroism, and on his last bed of sickness he 
responded to Judge Clark's appeal to be the historian 
of the First North Carolina Regiment of Cavalry. He 
seemed to take a new hold on life, and worked inces- 
santly over rosters and notes, completing his labor of 
love but a short while before his death. Numbers of 
copies he had sent to the old soldiers who had shared 
his dangers on the battlefield, and took pleasure in ev- 
ery response, whether in commendation or criticism. 
This history he dictated to his wife, but corrected the 
proof himself. 

He retained consciousness to the last, then folded 
his hands and "fell on sleep" February 3, 1895. The 
faithful veterans came in numbers, appointed a guard 
cf honor, and escorted the body to the grave. The 
honorary pallbearers were members of Company F, 
First North Carolina Cavalry. 

Gen. Barringer was married three times, and left 
three sons to bear his name, Dr. Paul B., Rufus C, 
and Osmond L. Barringer. 



FROM BATTLEFIELD OF TUPELO, MISS, 

Charles H. Perry, Anoka, Minn, writes: 
Through the Veteran I hope to obtain information 
long desired. I belonged to the Third Brigade, First 
Division, Sixteenth Army of the Corps, "Smith's Guer- 
rillas." At the battle of Tupelo, Miss., July 14, 15, 
1864, we confronted Gen. Forrest's command. After 
we had driven them beyond a strip of timber on the 
14th, my colonel expressed a desire to find out whether 
Forrest was still in our immediate front. I directed my 
lieutenant to select two men and have them recon- 
noiter the woods. As my company was then on the 
picket line, I concluded that I would go, and I took 
one man with me. After receiving our orders we 
started on a run for the cover of the brush and tim- 
ber, where we separated. I went to the left and he 
to the right. When I had gone some thirty rods I came 
upon a man who was fatally wounded, and he asked 
for water. I happened to have a canteen full, and gave 
him all he wanted, and with my hand washed his face 
as well as I could. I could see that he was an officer, 
but I could not tell his rank. He was lying with his 
head resting against the root of a large tree, and at his 
feet lav dead two noble-looking young men. With a 
stub of pencil and a small memorandum book I hap- 
pened to have, I wrote down such information as he 
wished me to know regarding himself and the two 
young men. I lost the little pocket memorandum 
book soon after that, or T might have been able to 
accomplish my object without calling on the Veteran. 
When I came upon this man I saw at a glance that 
he had received his death wound, and I did all in my 
power to ease his last moments. While doing so he 
told me his story, and I give it as I can remember : 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



Til 



His name was T. J., J. T., or P. J. Harris or Harrison, 
Colonel of the Thirty-Fifth Mississippi, and in com- 
mand of a brigade. He gave me his wife's name and 
address, requesting me, in case I should pass through 
his home town, to inform her of his 'death and that, of 
their two sons. He was a large man, past middle 
age, in height perhaps six feet, and of dark com- 
plexion. The two stout, noble-looking young men 
mentioned were his own sons, whether killed there or 
carried by friends is not known. 

After doing what I could for the suffering Confed- 
erate, I thought of the object that took me there. 1 
could distinguish no marks of the officer's rank other 
than a black silk sash around his neck, a pearl-handled 
revolver, and a field glass. After he had breathed his 
last in my anus. I secured the sash, to convince my 
officers of what 1 had seen and done, and made my way 
back to our lines, reaching there about sunset. The 
colonel sent me back to the place to secure all the 
papers T might find on the body of the dead officer, 
also any side arms, etc. When 1 arrived there it was 
growing dark, but I found the then stiff, cold corpse 
just as I had laid it, with his head resting upon a tuft 
of grass. I found the revolver, field glass, etc., and in 
an inside pocket a wallet containing a lot of papers 
of various kinds, also some Confederate money. 1 
speedily made my way back to our lines, and delivered 
all the trophies except the sash. The pa ere all 

they cared to sec. Among them they found an official 
paper dated the t.^th ithe day previous) from Gen. 
Forrest to Col. Harris (or Harrison), telling him what 
position to take, how to maneuver, etc., on the next 
day. This being all that seemed to interest them, the 
wallet containing the money and some papers of a 
private character was handed back to me with direc- 
tions to deliver as requested to his family. I packed 
all — the revolver, field glass, and wallet — in my knap 
sack intending to do so. I rolled the sash in paper, 
labeled it. and placed it in my coat pocket, and carried 
it there till we returned to Memphis, about July 20, 
and while there 1 was taken sick' and sent to the ' 
ton Hospital. When again in possession of my knap- 
sack T found it had been rifled of its important articles. 
The sash being in inv coat pocket, and having it with 
me all the time. 1 was still in possession of it, bill how- 
to convcv it to its rightful owner I could not find a 
way; and as time, with so many changes wore on, I 
lost all hope of ever sending it to whom it belonged. 
1 have it still, and hope, through the Veteran, to 
trace the family, to whom it would he a valued relic 
of that blOody conflict. Mv anxiety is to restore it 
to the one nearest of kin to that gallant soldier who 
died on that hard-fought, bloody battlefield. 



Flags Captured by New Hampshire Troops. — Mr. 
Bartlett S. Johnston, No. 229 East German Street, 
Baltimore, Md., wrote promptly after receiving the 
Veteran : "You are in error in your issue of October, 
10.00, in stating that the two battle flags returned to 
CrOV. Johnston, of Alabama, by Gov. Rollins, of New 
Hampshire, belonged to Alabama regiments. Gov. 
Rollins expressly stated that the men who captured 
the Hags did not know what State or regiment the 
flags belonged to. I would suggest that you make a 
general inquiry as to what commands lost battle flags 
whilst serving in Battery Five on June 5, 1864. 



SOUTHERN CROSSES OF HONOR BESTOWED. 

Remarks of Gen. George W. Gordon, of Memphis, 
Commander Tennessee Division, U. C. V., January 19, 
1901, when the W. B. Bate Chapter, Daughters of the 
Confederacy, bestowed the "Southern Cross of Honor" 
upon the members of the Frank Cheatham and John 
C. Brown Bivouacs of Confederate Veterans at Nash- 
ville. Term. In part Gen. Gordon said: 

Gratefully acknowledging the honor conveyed by 
the invitation that brings me before you, I feel that 
I am first authorized by my old comrades here present 
to express, in some measure, their profound apprecia- 
tion of the distinction to be done them this evening by 
the Daughters of the Confederacy in conferring that 
significant emblem, the '•Southern Cross of Hoi 
and which is awarded only to those Confederate vet- 
erans who were faithful to their flag till it fell in defeat. 
They are grateful and gratified at this expressive tes- 
timonial of the approval and consideration by their 
honored and admired countrywomen, who confer the 
badges as vouchers that those who wear them were 
true to their country, alike in triumph and defeat, in 
glory and ruin. They will accept, preserve, and value 
them as a generous expo --ion of their people's appro- 
bation, and as an honorable memento of a just and 
legal, though fallen, cause. 

And, Daughters of the Confederacy, may I say for 
these venerable veterans thai if patriotism, valor, self- 
sacrifice, and heroic endurance through prolonged ad- 
versity, can constitute a just claim to honorable rec- 
ognition, then you could not have found worthier sub- 
jects upon which to bestow honors and decorations 
than the brave and true ex-soldiers here present. 
Aside from the fraternal pride which the speaker nat- 
urally feels in the heroic virtues of his comrades, he 
thinks he can justly say that the world has yet to wit- 
ness in soldiers of the line a higher degree of martial 
individuality, prowess, courage, and efficiency than 
thai dislayed by the private soldiers of the late Con- 
>.te armies. For four trying years they success- 
fully maintained their cause — many times fighting bat- 
tles and winning victories against heavy odds when 
barefooted, ragged, and hungry. We may search his- 
tory in vain for loftier instances of heroic endurance 
in private soldiers. We have seen them, uncomplain- 
ingly, limping barefooted to the front through burn- 
ing sands and freezing snows, and we would marvel 
that men of such mold could ever have been van- 
quished if we did not know that they were finally over- 
come, more by the momentum of numbers than by 
prowess, more by famine than by fighting. This was 
notably illustrated in the Army of Northern Virginia, 
commanded by Gen. Fee — the surrender of whose 
worn, wasted, starving troops involved the surrender of 
all the Confederate forces. We have been told by sol- 
diers who surrenderee! at Appomattox that during the 
trying winter of 1864-65, at the siege of Petersburg, 
the men, rather than desert their flag to obtain sub- 
sistence, would pick grains of corn out of the mud, 
into which they had been trampled by the horses 
where they were fed, and wash and cook and eat them. 
At the final crisis at Appomattox men still tottered 
around their torn and tattered colors when they were 
so weak from hunger and exhaustion that they could 



72 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



scarcely carry their guns to fight, much less their 
blankets to keep them warm. The suffering and desti- 
tution of the Army of Tennessee, during Gen. Hood's 
ill-fated campaign to this State in 1864, was scarcely 
less severe. The hardships of that army, especially on 
its retreat from Nashville, were grievous in the ex- 
treme. There were occasions on that retreat when 
comrades quarreled and almost fought each other for 
raw beef hides with which to clothe their bare and 
bleeding feet. Hundreds of our comrades, represent- 
ing every army in the South, perished by neglect and 
starvation in Northern prisons rather than accept life 
and liberty by abandoning their cause and swearing 
allegiance to the enemy. Such is the kind of men, 
my considerate and patriotic countrywomen, that you 
would decorate to-night with the well-merited symbol, 
the "Southern Cross of Honor." For four arduous 
and anxious years the Confederates maintained their 
cause against a brave and persevering enemy, who 
greatly excelled them both in numbers and resources. 
The Confederate States were outnumbered in white 
population at the beginning of the war by more than 
four to one ; besides, the North received additions to 
its armies from our territory and foreign countries 
to the number of more than 900,000, or about one 
and one-half times as many as the South had in all 
her armies. From first to last, the North enlisted in 
her armies, in round numbers, 2,850,000 men, while 
the South had in similar numbers 600,000, or less than 
one to four. We not only fought the North, but to 
some extent we fought the world, from which the 
North received both soldiers and supplies. The North 
had uninterrupted intercourse with all nations ; we had 
it with none. Beleagured on land by armies greatly 
superior in numbers, and environed on the shore by 
vast navies that hemmed us in, we were shut out from 
the world and left alone, a support unto ourselves. 
Nevertheless, for four booming and blazing years, we 
made it lively for them all. When the disparity in 
men, in means, and in war facilities and appliances of 
all kinds are considered, it must be admitted that the 
South made a gallant fight in defense of her right to 
independence, and in her resistance to Northern sub- 
jugation. 

It is needless to dwell upon the valor, efficiency, de- 
termination and endurance that enabled the Confeder- 
ates to sustain for so long a contest so unequal. Think 
of it. It took four invading Federal soldiers that were 
better clothed, better fed, better armed, and better 
equipped in every way four years to overcome one de- 
fending Confederate. Isn't that a pretty good record? 
If conditions had been reversed I think, under the lead- 
ership of such generals as Lee, Albert Sidney Johnston, 
Tackson, and Forrest, we would have "licked" them in 
almost as many months as it took them years to "lick" 
us. [Applause. } I suppose -there are here to-night 
some of the followers of all these great captains. I 
know there are of other commanders, who, though less 
renowned, are of venerated names and beloved mem- 
ories — followers of the wily Joe Johnston, the conserv- 
ative Bragg, the daring Hood, the resolute Stewart, 
the fighting Cheatham, the knightly Brown, the gal- 
lant Bate, the brave Zollicofer, the fearless Rains, the 
heroic Hatton, the intrepid Carter, the chivalrous 
Strahl, the valiant "Red" Jackson, the dashing Preston 



Smith, the prudent Maney, the dauntless T. B. Smith, 
Two of these, Gens. Cheatham and Brown, are revered 
in the names of the two bivouacs here present; while 
the third, Gen. Bate, is honored in the title of the 
Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy, also rep- 
resented here. I am proud to speak to the women and 
men who would honor the names of our heroes of 
other days ; and I am glad to meet and to greet here 
to-night the venerable survivors of the fierce field 
of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Missionai 
Ridge, all the fields around Atlanta, Brice's Cro^ 
Roads, and of Franklin, Tenn., on the last of whicij 
were displayed a desperation of attack and a gallantry 
of defense that were not surpassed at Waterloo, Bala- 
klava. or Gettysburg. 

SAM DAVIS. 

It is not practicable on occasions like this to recall 
all, or even many, of the notable instances of heroic 
self-sacrifice and unflinching courage illustrated by 
private Confederate soldiers during that great war. 
But there is one example that ought to be mentioned 
at every Confederate gathering till death has decreed 
that our reunions shall cease. I allude to that of the 
youthful Tennesseean — only a boy, yet more than man 
— the heroic and immortal Sam Davis. We challenge 
the history of all the ages to furnish a 'sublimer ex- 
ample of patriotic self-sacrifice and of unswerving fidel- 
ity to the obligation of honor. All the circumstances 
considered, he was the noblest martyr and grandest 
hero of that unholy and deplorable war. Alone in his 
helplessness, with no friend to encourage and none to 
approve him, as he looked from the scaffold into the 
dark gulf beyond the grave, life is offered him at the 
expense of honor, and his reply is prompt and unequiv- 
ocal : "I'll die a thousand times before I will betray a 
friend." Death then closed the mournful scene. All 
honor and glory to the deathless name of our match- 
less martyr. Tennesseeans ought to raise a monument 
to his memory that will touch the clouds and stand 
trect till marble crumbles and granite decays. 

Again reverting to the chief purpose of this occa- 
sion. I congratulate you, my countrywomen, that in 
conferring distinctions upon these venerable men you 
honor heroes and patriots, not rebels and traitors. 
And I congratulate them that they were never engaged 
in an unjust war of aggression and subjugation, but 
strictly in a war of defense — the only kind of war, I 
maintain, that is ever legally or morally justifiable. I 
need not here repeat your vindication. That has been 
made unanswerable in the works of Stephens, Davis, 
Currv, Jones, and others. Rest then, comrades, in the 
pleasing conscioirsness that your cause Was legally and 
constitutionally right. And when time shall extin- 
guish prejudice, and justice establish truth, we are con- 
fident that this will be the verdict of unprejudiced man- 
kind. Let no man. then, regret the part he took in 
the cause for which Lee and Forrest fought, for which 
Johnston and Jackson died, and for which Davis hero- 
ically suffered in prison and chains. 

The speaker then pronounced a eulogy upon the 
militarv genius and civic virtues of the great Confed- 
erate, Lee, the anniversary of whose birthday was 



Confederate l/eteran. 



73 



duly commemorated in connection with the ceremonies 
bestowing the "Southern Cross of Honor" on the 
members of the bivouacs present. 

ADDRESS OF MRS. J. P. HICKMAN. 

Mrs. John P. Hickman, who is Recording Secretary 
of the Association of the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, and Secretary of the Tennessee Division. I 
D. C, then made a graceful address to the two biv- 
ouacs in delivering the crosses, in which she said : 

The task now committed to my care is beyond my 
pi >wers, but not beyond my affectionate endeavor to 
properly discharge it. The most sacred memories of 
my life, the finest aspirations of my nature, are bound 
up in the "sweet influences" of the Southern Cross. 
All that I admire in the gentleness and purity of worn 
anhood, all that I admire in the honor and courage of 
manhood has historic expression in my sisters of the 
Confederacy, and my brothers, the soldiers <>f the < on 
federae \ . 

It has ever been the pride ami privilege of woman 
to wreathe the bier of the fallen brave, or to crown Ins 
brow returning In >m gh <v\ 's lieM. and, whether dead or 
living, to perform those honorable offices that are the 
incentive to heroic deeds. 

To-night I come at the dictate of William B. Bate 
Chapter. Daughters of the Confederacy, t<> decorate 
the breasts of the survivor-- of the woes and triumphs 
of the war hetw een the State- with the t Toss of HonOl 

and valor. No more splendid tribute was in am age 
or any country bestowed upon the brave. In the 
courts of kings the glittering orders of merit dazzle 
the eyes of subjects; in the courts of republics the 

bronze medals of heroism blind the eyes of the SOV 
ereigns with tears. 

T give to each recipient of this cross a badge and 
patent of nobility- a badge For brave deeds in the sen 
ice of native land; a patent that will speak to all pos 
tcrity that its wearer was a nobleman. Take these 
tokens .if woman's love and gratitude; wear them 
proudly while you live, and when death, whom you 
have braved on a hundred fields of fame, claims you 
at last, look at it with your last sigh as the holy token 
of your honor, your faith, and your salvation. 

The crosses were then, pinned to the coats of the vet 
crans by a group of young ladies, including the daugh- 
ters i 'I I ifii. 1'.. 1-', Cheatham. 

FAITHFULNESS A HOSPITAL INCIDENT. 

BY RKV. JESSE WOOD, D.D., OXFORD, ALA. 

During the forty years ol m\ active ministry I have 
not met witt; a better illustration of faithfulness in the 
discharge of duty than this which came to my knowl- 
edge the past \ ear. 

R. \*. Warnoek, now a wholesale merchant of t >\- 
ford, Ala., was a member of ( ompany D, Thirty-First 
Alabama Regiment; and E. M. Davis, now a pros 
perous farmer of Autauga County, Ala., was a mem- 
ber of Company D, Thirty-Seventh Alabama. Both 
were captured and paroled it Vicksburg, and subse- 
quently exchanged and reenlisted in time for the bat 
tie of Lookout Mountain and the long campaign in 
North Georgia. 



Before the capture of Atlanta, Warnoek had been 
detailed for hospital duty, and Lieut. Davis had been 
severely wounded by a shell, and was sent to the hos- 
pital near Atlanta, and subsequently removed to 
Barnesville. 

Davis's case became very critical, and his young 
wife, whom he had married during the time of his 
parole, came to nurse him. Warnoek, however, was 
giving him all possible eare. 

One night the doctors held a consultation over the 
Lieutenant's case, two deciding that amputation was 
the only hope, and the third, Dr. Freeman, who had 
charge of that ward, insisting that the patient would 
die under the operation. It was finally decided that 
Mr. Warnoek, though it was not his time on duty, 
should lie requested to nurse Lieut. Davis through the 
night, and he consented to do so. The faithful wife 
also sal b) hi- side through the long hours. 

Mr. Warn, el gave ilie prescribed medicine regit 
larly. Wont midnight the patient's mind wandered, 
his tongue became thick, and he passed into a stupor. 
"What is that you are giving him?" asked his wife. 
"It is brandy," answered the nurse. "O !" she e\ 

"id., and I fear he is going 
to dii I ild not have him die drunk for all the 

world'" Then sh i ; . and begged the nurse to 

give him no more of that. Mr. Warnoek sympathized 
with her. He too thought as she did. that the man 
A i- about to : ih.it he was drunk; but when 

the time cam ire his patient another dose he 

picked up the tumbler and spoon. Then she renewed 
her pleading and tear-, but the answer was; "[ feel 
sorrx for you, but I must do my duty. I cannot take 
the respon ibility of making any change." So the 
medicim en. 

In a short while the patient recovered conscious- 
Ik to his wife, and seemed better. 
Then sh,- begged Mr. Warnoek to give him some 
more of the medicine before the time came. But again 
he was faithful to his trust, saying: "NO; just so much. 
and no more. I must follow the doctor's directions 
That is what I an: put here for." 

Die next morning, when Dr Freeman came, he was 
much pleased to find his patient better, lie steadily 
recovered, and Mrs. Davis was profuse in her thanks 
to Mr \\ arnock that he did not yield to her entreaties. 
In a recent letter Mr. Davis says: "I am sure he did 
his f n U share. lie was so faithful and gentle and kind. 
M\ wile and I h.r : often spoken of him." 

Here is faithfulness illustrated and rewarded. The 
pressure brought to hear on Mr. Warnoek by the weep 
ing and pleading wife was very powerful, but he was 
worthy of the trust the doctors reposed in him. The 
result was that he saved the life of a man who has 
since been one of the most useful and honored citi- 
zens of Prattville and Autauga County, a father and 
grandfather, a teacher of wide reputation, and an ae 
tive member of the Methodist Church. 

Mr. Warnoek, also, is now a father and grandfather, 
an honored citizen of i alhoun County, a man of 
wealth, and a devout ' Christian, highly esteemed by all 
wdio know him. 1 low different all this might have been 
had \lr. Warnoek been unfaithful to his duty in the 
Barnesville hospital ' 



74 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



CORSICANA CONVENTION OF U. D. C. 

The fifth annual convention of delegates, Texas Di- 
vision, United Daughters of the Confederacy — report 
of which has been unavoidaby deferred — was opened 
at Corsicana on the morning of December 4, 1900, and 
the beautifully organized work of these splendid wom- 
en, together with the inspiring earnestness of their 
spirit, increases the enthusiasm of those who wish a 
monument erected to the women who have loved and 
worked for the glory 1 >f the cause. At the opening of 
the convention there were present delegates from 
twenty-two chapters as follows : 

Dallas Chapter: Mrs. Katie Cabell Currie, Mrs. L. 
, C. Thompson, Mrs. Lee H. Hughes, Mrs. Ellen Far- 
I ris, Mrs. L. R. Goode, Mrs. W. K. Hill, and Mrs. J. 
L. Miller. 

Galveston Chapter : Varina J. Davis, Mrs. C. B. 
Stone, Mrs. L. B. Knoll, Mrs. Henry Rosenberg. 

Waco Chapter: Mrs. L. W. Burgess, Mrs. L. C. 
Penry, Mrs. Walter Weaver, Mrs. Hallie Dunklin. 

Ennis Chapter: Mrs. L. A. Daffan and Miss Katie 
Daffan. 

Victoria Chapter, W. P. Rogers : Mrs. Dunowan. 

San Antonio Chapter, Barnard E. Bee : Miss Mattie 
Walthall. 

Bryan Chapter, L. S. Ross : Mrs. William A. Banks. 

Tyler Chapter, Mollie Moore Davis : Mrs. Florence 
Flashel and Mrs. Mary B. Pegues. 

Temple Chapter, L. P. Tally: Mrs. Katie Alma 
Orgain. 

Sulphur Springs Chapter, Joseph Wheeler : Miss 
Mamie Blythe, Mrs. S. Fuqua, and Mrs. Ella J. Bass. 

Dodd City, Forrest Chapter : Miss Marguerite Wil- 
son. 

Lock-hart, J. B. Gray Chapter: Mrs. J. L. N. Mc- 
Curdy. 

Columbus, Shropshire Chapter: Mrs. B. M. Baker. 

Palestine, John H. Reagan Chapter: Miss Nell 
Nance, Mrs. A. R. Howard. 

San Angclo, Tom Green Chapter: Mrs. L. M. De- 
Lashmutt and Mrs. Baker. 

Beaumont. Dick Dbwling Chapter : Mrs. M. L. 
Watson. 

Marshall Chapter: Mrs. N. J. Lane and Mrs. Van 
Hook. 

Austin, A. S. Johnson Chapter: Mrs. L. J. Storey, 
Mrs. Z. T Fulmore, Miss Mamie Bigley, Mrs. J. H. 
Alsworth, Mrs. R. T. King. 

Fort Worth, Julia Jackson Chapter : Mrs. W. P. 
Lane. 

Corsicana, Navarro Chapter: Mrs. Fannie Halbert, 
Mrs. V. Brown, Mrs. S. A. Pace, Mrs. Charles Croft, 
Mrs. Kate Talley, Mrs. J. A. Townsend, and Mrs. Wil- 

tliam Pannili. 
Houston, R. E. Lee Chapter: Miss Alice Kittrell. 

San Marcos, Lone Star Chapter : Mrs. Bishop and 
Mrs. Mary L. Christian. 

The convention was called to order by Mrs. Fannie 
Halbert, President of Navarro Chapter; and Rev. L. 
C. Kirkes offered a prayer. 

Miss Lida Lea, of Corsicana, in behalf of Navarro 
Chapter, delivered an address of welcome, which 
proved her a most gifted woman and a loyal daughter 
of the cause for which she was speaking. Miss Lea 
said in part : 'When we honored ourselves two years 



ago by extending the invitation which has brought you 
here to-day, we then wished that you would come 
animated with one hope, one purpose, one wish, so 
that when eye met eye and hand touched hand, every 
heart would quiver with that thrill which only those 
feel who are struggling together for a holy cause. 
Meet were it that you had been welcomed by the wife 
of a Halbert, than whom no better, braver man ever 
fought for cause he deemed just ; or a Winkler, who 
led his Hood's brigade, how or where needs not to tell 
a Texas daughter ; or by the wife of a Johnson, whose 
father, Col. Glover, left her a glorious legacy when 
he was laid in his Virginia grave, and whose mother 
(the mother of Texas reunions) is with us to-day to 
bid you Godspeed ; or by a Damon, who might well 
answer for her gallant soldier father, Col. Rogers, dead 
on the field of honor ; or a Talley, whose husband, with 
keen blade and flashing eye, made his presence felt 011 
many a hard-fought battlefield ; or of a Brown, which 
name shall descend to posterity to make illustrious the 
daring of the Confederate navy ; or of a Wood, whose 
husband, brave young soldier in time of war, is still 
a faithful veteran at his post 'in the piping times of 
peace ;' or of a Croft, whose family on both sides made 
their mark ; of a Wheeler, whose major 'jined the 
cavalry' and rode himself to fame ; of a Hardy, her- 
self a brave old soldier, and the mother of soldiers and 
statesmen ; of a Mills, 'red hand in foray, wise counsel 
in cumber.' " 

Seldom do finer words fall from the lips of woman 
to bespeak her sweet dignity than those uttered by 
Mrs. Katie Alma Orgain, of Temple, in response to the 
address of welcome. She said : 

One afternoon in the days of Abraham the fair Rebec- 
ca stood by the well near the city of Nahor. Bethuel's 
daughter had been early trained in all expressions of 
Oriental hospitality, and when Abraham's messenger 
approached, heated and weary from his journey, with 
gentle grace the girl took down her pitcher and gave 
him water to drink. Not satisfied with this courtesy, 
she said : "And I will draw water for thy camels also." 
Then, as the tired beasts of burden gladly quenched 
their thirst, Rebecca, beautiful among women, eagerly 
said to Abraham's trusted servant: "We have straw 
and provender enough, and room in my father's house 
for thee to lodge." 

Thus, early in the world's history, was the hand 
of woman extended in hospitable welcome. 

Time has rolled many cycles away since the Jewish 
maiden drew water for her father's guest, but the spirit 
of hospitality still lives, and we thank you that to-day 
you have given the Daughters of the Confederacy this 
Oriental welcome to your city, and we are glad that 
it comes to us by the hand and from the lips of an- 
other of earth's kind daughters, who says so cordially : 
"We have straw and provender enough, and room for 
thee to lodge." 

This welcome to Corsicana ; how gladsome it is, 
and how, beneath all its beauty of courtesy, its social 
features, its exhilarating heartiness, we feel the thrill 
of patriotism, and are conscious of the love for your 
Southern soil, which underlies in strong basic sub- 
Stance this generous expression of welcome to your 
beautiful city and its hospitable homes. 

In no attitude do Southern people appear more 



r m 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



(O 



gracefully at home than when acting as host and host- 
ess. "Their foot is on their native heath," and the ele- 
ment of hospitality is their birthright. This civil war, 
with its upheaval of all accustomed environments, the 
tidal wave of retrenchment and poverty which swept 
over Southern homes, has never been able to put out 
their hospitable fires or to force their latchstrings out 
of sight. 

How gladly the Texas Division of the Daughters 
of the Confederacy journeyed to your enterprising and 
progressive city ! Who has not heard of Corsicana, 
the city of five hundred oil wells? Though not set 
upon a hill, Corsicana does not 'hide her light under a 
bushel,' but sends it out to illuminate the world. The 
people whose enterprise develops such resources of 
nature, who put capital and labor into orphans' homes, 
flouring mills, cotton oil mills, the largest gin in the 
world, elegant churches, fine schools, a million-dollar 
refinery and pipe lines, a hundred thousand dollar 
cotton factory, will always be the people to honor the 
brave, venerate heroic deeds, and be loyal to principles 
and patriotism. We thank you mosl heartily for this 
cordial welcome, 

Mrs. Halbert than gave w.i\ to Mrs. Benedette B. 
Tobin, President of the Texas Division, who 
charge of the convention as presiding officer. 

Mrs. l'obin addressed the delegates in the interest 
of the establishment of a home for the widows of Con- 
federate soldiers, and asked aid and assistance of every 
kind from everv Chapter in the rexas Division. She 
desired to raise a fund for this laudable purpose, and 
said she had already received as a nucleus for it $25 
from Eagle Lake and $25 from L. S. Ross Chapter. 

Miss Katie Daffan, who was chosen Secretary for 
the State Division, will serve efficiently in her im- 
portant duties. 




MISS KATK HAFFAN, SEC V TEXAS DIVISION, I . D. C. 



ATLANTA DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERAI 

At the hut meeting of the Atlanta Chapter of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy, January 24. 1901, the 
annual election of officers was held. 

-Mrs. C. Helen Plane, after a notable service of six 
years, declined reelection on account of her health. 
( hi motion of Mrs. S. 11. 1 Melone, she was elected 
Honorary Life President, the office to expire with her. 
The following officers were elected for the ens 
year: Airs. J. S. Paine, President; Miss ixter 

and Mrs. William Nixon, Vice Presidents; Mrs. Ed- 
mond Berkeley. Recording Secretary; Miss Sallie 
Hanson Melone, Corresponding Secretary; Mrs. Ira 
Fort. Treasurer: Mrs. S. H. Melone. Registrar: 
Lida Field. Historian. 

\ President, Grand Division of Virginia U. 
D.C. — Mi lolph, of Richmond. Recording 

retary, writes that, in sending the list of officers of the 
Grand Division. Mrs. James Mercer Garnett. 1 [onorary 
President, Baltimore, Md., was omitted. 

Oin 1 last September the Augusta Chapter, 

No. 359, of th C, was organized at Augusta, 

Ark. The united efforts of Augusta Daughters have 
accomplished much good, and they now have a strong 
organization comprised of twenty-six enthusiastic 
members, with Mr-. J. Russell as President. They ex- 
be represented at the reunion in Memphis' 

At the annual meeting of the Richmond Chapter, 
Daughters of the ( onfederacy, the election of officers 
t< »>k place. Mrs. X. V. Randolph was unanimously re- 
elected President; Mrs. Edward Valentine and Mrs. 
Alfred Presidents; Miss Louise Claiborni 

and Miss Anne C. Bentlcy, Corresponding and Re- 
carding Secretaries; Mrs. Charles E. Boiling was 
unanimously elected Treasurer. 

Mrs \\ \. Behan, President of the Confederated 
Southern Memorial Association, was introduced, and 
gave a short account of the work done recently by the 
Association. She had been to Washington to confer 
with the Secretary of War in regard to the reinterment 
of soldiers who are buried at the North, and it is under- 
stood was well pleased with the Conference. 

WHO STARTED THE WOMEN'S MONUMENT. 

\t a meeting of Gamp No. 9, U. C. V. Cavalry As- 
sociation in New < Irleans, February 4, 1901, the ques- 
tion of credit for the inauguration of the work for 
erecting a monumenl to Southern women was freely 
discussed. Dr. Tichenor called attention to the vari- 
pul locations of recent date, and said that Camp 
No. 9 was the first to open the subject of a monument 
to the women of the South. Dr. Tichenor said that, 
while he sident "f the Gamp. Comrade John 

1 arnahan, seconded by Comrade Maynard. introduced 
a resolution for the building of such a monument, the 
former being the first man to contribute a sum of 
money ($4) to the fund. Dr. Tichenor further said: 
" At the next meeting I shall present to this Camp ev- 
erything said and printed and published about our 
initial action in this matter, and I shall prove the right 
of Camp No. to go forward and collect funds to 
build this monument, because, so far as I know, it is 
the onlv camp that has been authorized in regular form 
t. do so." 



76 



Confederate l/eterao. 



PRESENTATION OF DICK DOWLING SWORD. 

The valiant blade of brave Dick Dowling was 
brought from its scabbard on December 5, 1900, in 
Houston, Tex., and formally presented to the Dick 
Dowling Camp of Veterans. If there is a chink in 
the world above where they listen to words from be- 
iow, then the sainted hero of Sabine 1'ass would have 
heard sounds as sweet as the music of paradise, the 
children of earth telling in tenderness and veneration 
the story of a blameless life. After the battle of Sabine 
Pass, Lieut. Dowling presented his sword to Capt. P. 
D. Brotherson, and the son of this gallant man, Mr. 
P. C. H. Brotherson, of Galveston, presented the val- 
ued blade to Dowling Camp. Seated on the stage on 
the evening of the presentation were the aged couple, 
Mr. and Mrs. William Gleason. Mr. Gleason is one 
of the few survivors of the Davis Guards, the gallant 
little band of forty-three soldiers, commanded by First 
Lieut. Richard W. Dowling, which fought the battle 
of Sabine Pass, capturing two war ships and 350 men, 
disabling another war ship, and thus saving Texas 
from an invading army of 15,000 heavily armed men. 

ROSTER OF THE DAVIS GUARDS. 

The following is a roster of the Davis Guards, the 
names of every one of whom should be raised in golden 
letters upon the monument to be erected to the mem- 
ory of Lieut. R. W. (Dick) Dowling. His associates 
were sergeants, corporals, and privates : 

lames Corcoran, Thomas Dougherty, John Mc- 
Keefer, Tom Hagerty, Pat Fitzgerald, Tim Hurley, 
Mike Sullivan, Hugh'Deagan, John Wesley, Timothy 
McDonough, Pat Abbott, Dave Fitzgerald, Pat Mc- 
Donald, Jim Huggins, Tom McKernon, John Mc- 
Grath, Tom Sullivan, Maurice Powers, John Ander- 
son, Mike Delaney, Mike Monohan, William Gleason, 
Alex McCabe, Ed Pritchard. Matthew Walshe, Pat 
Clare. A'bner Carter, John Flood, Terrence Mulhern, 
Tack W. White, John Masset, Mike Carr, James Flem- 
ing, Charles Rheins, Pat Sullivan, John Hennesy, Dan 
Oonovan, Peter O'Haro. In addition there were Dr. 
George H. Bailey and Lieut. N. H. Smith, volunteers. 

Lieut. Smith, a Louisianian, belonged to the engi- 
neer department, and volunteered to aid the gunners 
in the fort; while Dr. Bailey was assistant surgeon 
of Sabine Pass post, and also volunteered, the two 
men taking their places at the guns. 

It is understood that the only survivors of the Davis 
Guards are Mike Carr and Peter O'Haro, now in- 
mates of the Confederate Home at Austin, and Wil- 
liam Gleason, who still resides in Houston. 

The Dick Dowling Camp numbers ninety-eight ac- 
tive members, with A. C. Drew, Commander; W. C. 
Crane and O. B. Rone, Lieutenant Commanders ; 
Phil H. Fall, Adjutant ; August Schilling, Quartermas- 
ter; Dr. R. G. Turner, Surgeon; W. V. R. Watson, 
Chaplain; George H. Harmann, Officer of the Day; 
I. C. Fowler, Vidette; William Hunter, Color Bearer. 

Extract from J. H. Brown's impassioned and schol- 
arly address : "And t'h'jre is one, in whose honor your 
Camp is named. You are all familiar with his history. 
In this part of our Southland his name is a household 
word. I am told that he knew no law higher or lower 
than the law of duty; that he was faithful unto death ; 
that he was just, honorable, and charitable in all bis 



dealings; that his great Irish heart throbbed in unison 
with the principles that actuated all our men and 
women ; that he knew no fear' that, strong in the con- 
victions of the truth of that faith held and taught by 
his Church, which is venerable for her antiquity and 
sanctified bv some of the noblest and bravest men who 
ever trod this earth, he, as her soldier and a soldier 
of the South, freely and gladly offered himself as 
champion ot her cause. Strictly just and impartial, his 
conviction of the Tightness of that cause was strong 
as adamant, with that devotion which was the off- 
spring of duty, with that constancy which was one 
of his marked characteristics, with that intrepidity 
which was inborn, he joined the army, and marched, 
and fought, and conquered. From the hour of his 
enlistment to the day when the Southern cross faded 
before the tear-dimmed eyes of its faithful followers, 
his life was passed amid the dangers and glories of 
the holiest war ever known on earth. And when the 
"struggle was over and the surviving soldiers returned 
to their homes, he came back glory-crowned, the em- 
bodiment of a Confederate soldier. A few years passed, 
and his beloved State was called upon to place flowers 
upon the grave of one of her favorite sons — a son that 
in prosperity and adversity, in peace and in war, in 
public and in private, never deviated from the straight 
line of duty or faltered in the discharge of a single 
obligation. Rending to-night in mute sorrow above 
the mound that marks his last resting place, she points 
with pride to the history of his life, and bids us emu- 
late his example." 

•SURVIVORS OF DAVIS GUARDS. 

R. C. O'Hara was born in the Muskeegan Valley, 
Ohio. He is of Irish parentage. His grandfather 
came to this country from Ireland before the revolu- 
tionary war, and was a soldier of Green's Division in 
Gen. Washington's army. He had an elder brother 
who served in the Mexican war, and was related to 
Theodore O'Hara, famous foi his song, "The Maid of 




R. C. O HARA. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar? 



77 



Monterey," and author of the world's famous epic, 
"The Bivouac of the Dead." 

Mr. O'Hara received his education in the Mclntyre 
Academy, Zanesville, Ohio. After this he apprenticed 
himself to a cabinetmaker and learned t'> do fine cabi- 
net work. He came from St. Louis to Texas in 1859, 
and located in Houston, and when the war between the 
States began he cast his fortunes with the South and 
joined the Davis Guards, oi which he was corporal 
and faithfully served his Southland until the surrender. 
He married in ( ialveston during the war, his wife living 
in 1875. His health failed some years ago, and he went 
into the Confederate Home, where he now is, loved 
and respected by all his comradi 

Mr. O'Hara is a gentleman of pleasing address, well 
posted on all the lea din- subjects of the day. He is of 
a decidedly literary turn of mind, and has written a his 
tory of his dear old company, besides several poems 
of merit. He is very much devoted to all the fan 




Dielc Dowling, and especially to Miekie and William 
Hardin, another member of the Davis Guards. 

Michael Carr was born in the town of Gartlong, 
1 tounty of Mcath, Ireland. \s he relates, he was of a 
roaming disposition, loving to follow from place to 
plai e the ballad singers, catching the new airs and de 
lighting in reciting patriotic poems filled with the sor 
rov S of Ireland. He, came to America in 1S4S. and 
began to wort on the railroad . first in New York, 
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Ohio, In- 
diana, Virginia. The war between the North and 
South found him in Texas, and in [861 he joined the 
f.Mii' un compan) 1 f the Davis Guards, and remained 
with them to the end of the war. "Miekie." as he was 
called b) the company, was a man in his prime at that 
time, full of droll humor, with a touch of pathos in bis 




MICHAEL C \RK. 



nature which made him loved b) all who ever : 
him. Methodical in his habits, industrious, faithful, 
and true, he found his wa) to the hearts oi his friends 
in an) i" '-in. hi 

Miekie pat 1 - menl that the 

Davis Guards were in during the war. including the 
Famous battle of Sabine Pass. M'ter the war was 
over lie went bo work on railroads in Texas, and kept 

is until about ten years ago, when he becam 
abled by an accidenl which injured him for life. He 

.'■. nig the first b go into the l?exas < lonfed 
Home, which is verj dear to him now. lie was true 
to all In- good, industrious habit-, by helping all he 
could in the Home a- long as his strength held out. 
Garden and flowers, ducks and chickens are his 
cial delights. \t last rheumatism set in, and he 

e all ilii- up. I fe has been a patient sufferer for 
main years, and lias borne it all with patience and for- 

;.' With Ins friend, R. ( '. < >'] lara, in the home, 
ible to visit friends in Beaumont and 
Sabine Pass last spring. Ever) h asshown these 

old heme- by the citizen- of Sabine Pass, and an excur- 
sion \\ is g rtten ui' "ii 'imi to visil the wreck 
of tb" • Id Gift n at Sabine Pass. Miekie. with his 
friend, Mi R C. O'l fara, visited the grave ol Mrs. 
Kate-Doomi n .n\-\ strewed it with flowers. He is now 
in ih" hospital ward of the Home, where he can have 
the best 1 f attention. We may learn patience- from this 
grand old veteran, who 1- now in his eighty fifth year, 
silent as to complaint, faithful to his friend-, trusting in 
bis good I iod. I Ie was iir er married 



Mrs H. V. Neely, Whitesboro, Tex., asks for the 
name- of au\ surviving member- of ('wen's Mattery, 
under Major Cuney, or for tin address of any one famil- 
iar with the service of her husband. T. J. B. Neely, 
who enlisted near Monticello. Ark., in the battery 
mentioned. The information will be thankfully re- 
ceived. 



78 



Confederate l/eterao 




COL. THOMAS M. WAGNER, 

For whom Ft. Wagner was named 



SHOWING THE FORD TO "DE GENTLEMAN.'' 

The following incident related by B. M. Zettler 
(Company ]'.. Eighth Georgia Regiment), Atlanta. 
Ga., illustrates the attitude of the negro (little Peter) 
during the war for Southern independence : 
^ Sherman's marauding hosts in their tramp through 
Georgia had reached the writer's home, a few miles 
above Savannah. The army had begun to arrive about 
out o'clock, and all the afternoon the plundering horde 
had swarmed through the house, ransacking every 
room, breaking open bureau drawers, and kicking 
trunks to pieces. When night came they collected 
around their camp fires in the woods to the right and 
left of the public road, feasted on their stolen supplies, 
and doubtless compared their "captured trophies.'' 

In terror and dread the family at the house, consist- 
ing of an aged mother, her two daughters, and the 
house boy, Peter, a little negro about ten years old, 
had resolved to sit up during that terrible night. 
About three o'clock in the morning there was a gentle 
rap at the back door, and Peter was sent to sec what 
it meant. He returned with the announcement that Charleston reunion, and for first 
it was "a man, and he said he was a Rebel soldier and brigade at louisville reunion. 
wanted to see Missus." With the house almost lit- D * UGHTER of the_late coi.._f. w. 




MISS AGNES PICE McMASTER. 



erally surrounded with Yankee soldiers, Peter's story 
of a Rebel at the door was incredible. However, the 
polite request inspired the hope that the stranger 
might be a Southern soldier ; and, accompanied by lit- 
tle Peter, "Missus" went to the door. 

The stranger at once made known his wants. He 
belonged, he said, to Wheeler's Cavalry, and his com- 
mand was on the other side of the creek, just back of 
the house, and he had come in quest of a ford across 
the creek, and a road or path through the swamp, the 
bridge having been burned and trees felled across the 
public road. If they could get through, they proposed 
to surprise the Yankees camped in the grove in front 
of the house by a daylight attack. 

He was told there was a ford a short distance below 
the bridge, and a path that led right up to the horse lot, 
but that in the darkness it would be utterly useless for 
them to try to follow that path. Peter stood listening 
attentively to all that passed, and knowing the case to 
be just as "Missus" had stated it, was ready with a 
solution, saying: "Missus, let me show de gentleman." 
He was told he could do so, and disappeared with him. 

An hour later a small body of cavalry rode quietly 
through the yard ; then there was a yell and a rattling 
discharge of firearms in the grove. The Yankees were 
taken completely by surprise, and scampered away in 
the darkness. The Confederates quickly seized the 
abandoned horses and disappeared promptly. 

The alarm soon spread through all the camps, and a 
pursuing force was organized. It was now daylight. 
Into the yard and around the house they charged, and 
seated behind one of the Yankees was little Peter. As 
they passed the window where the affrighted ladies 
were looking out he exclaimed : "Missus, I's showing 
de udder gentleman now." 

Such was the negro during the war : good-natured 
and ready to show "de gentleman" without stopping 
to consider whether he was Confederate or Yankee, 
and knowing and caring as little for Lincoln's eman- 
cipation proclamation as the pigs and chickens that he 
mingled with in the barn yard. 



M MASTER. SEE OPPOSITE PAGE. 



INSCRIPTION ON THE CONFEDERATE MONU- 
MENT AT COLUMBIA, S. C. 



To South Carolina's Dead 
1861 of the 1865 
Confederate Army. 
Erected by the women of South Carolina. 
This monument 
Perpetuates the memory 
Of those who. 
True to the instincts of their birth, 
Faithful to the teaching of (heir fathers. 
Constant in their love for the State 
Died in the performance of their duty; 
Who 
Have glorified a fallen cause 
By the simple manhood of their lives. 
The patient endurance of suffering, 
And the heroism of death; 
And who. 
In the dark hours of imprisonment. 
And the hopelessness of the hospital, 
In the short, sharp agony of the field. 
Found support and consolation 
In the belief 
That at home they would not be forgotten. 
Let the stranger, 
Who may in future times 
Read this inscription. 
Recognize that these were men 
Whom power could not corrupt. 
Whom death could not terrify. 
Whom defeat could not dishonor. 
And let their virtue plead 
For just judgment 
Of the cause in which they perished: 
Let the South Carolinian 
( If another generation 
Remember 
That the State taught them 
How to live and how to die. 
And that from her broken fortunes 
She has preserved for her children 
The priceless treasures of their memories: 
Teaching all who may claim 
The same birthright, 
That truth, courage, and patriotism 
Endureth forever. 



Confederate Veterai}. 



79 




CATT. WILLIAM W. PAGE. 

As the years roll silently by and time fades into eter- 
nity, one by one the brave sons of the old South pass 
away to await the summoning of the Great Command- 
er for their final reunion. Among those who passed 
away during the year 1900 was Gapt. William \V. 
1'age, of the Sixth Kentucky Infantry. 

For a year prior to the reunion held last May in 
Louisville. Capt. Page had been confined to his home. 
But with the arrival of boys who wore the gray Came 
a wonderful improvement in Capt. Page's health, and 
his family entertained great hopes of his recovery. 
During the whole of the reunion his friends were very 
much surprised to see him out and mingling with his 
old comrades. As Capt. Page explained it. "It was 
an inspiration" he felt, and believed it to be the last 
time he would see his friends and comrades together — 
and it Was. With the leaving of the veterans there 
came a rapid decline in Capt. Page's health. In less 
than a month he was stricken with paralysis, and the 
end came peacefully to him as he was surrounded by 
his wife and children. Before his death he requested 
that he be buried in his Confederate uniform, which 
was complied with. The members of the George B. 
Eastin Camp, of Louisville, attended the funeral in 
a body. His remains lay in Cave Hill, near the Con 
federate burying ground. 

Earth never pillowed upon her heart a nobler soul, 
and heaven never opened its portals to a purer spirit 
than that of William W. Page. 

COL. F. W. m'm \STER. 

There are many incidents in the life of Col. F. W. 
McMaster, who answered the final summons on Sep- 
tember 10. 1900, which should serve as daily texts in 
the lives of miany men. 

As Christian gentleman, soldier, statesman, and 
jurist; as father, husband, and citizen — he lived up to 
the demands upon his manhood's strength, never 
swerving from his ideal of right and justice and dig- 
nity. 

He was a model soldier, being among the first who 
responded to the call of his State to arms, senilis;- as 
a Volunteer on the coast of Carolina, and later in Vir- 
ginia, (hiring the earlier months of the war. In [862, 
on the organization of the Seventeenth South Carolina 
Regiment, under the command of ex-Gov. John H. 
Means, he was chosen its lieutenant colonel, and when 
Col. Means fell, at Second Manassas, he was immedi- 
ately promoted to the command of the regiment, 
which he retained to the close of the war. He was 
with his regiment in all its arduous service, with Gen. 
J. E. Johnston in the Western campaign, in 1863, and 
in North Carolina in 1864. Returning to Virginia in 
May, [864, his regiment was attached to Gen. Beaure- 
gard's army, and Bore an important part in all the 
operations erf that gallant command in the defense of 



Petersburg. He was made a prisoner in the night 
assault on Fort Steadman, March 25, 1864, and re- 
mained in prison at Elmvra. X. V., until the close of 
the war. 

His most prominent service was at the battle of 
the Crater, July 30. 1864, where, as the ranking colo- 
nel, the command of the brigade devolved on him 
when its commander. Gen. Stephen Elliott, was 
wounded soon after the explosion of the mine. His 
judicious control of the brigade, with the stubborn and 
successful maintenance of its position on that occa- 
sion, was the chief factor in the glorious success which 
resulted. 

^ In the annals of municipal affairs of Columbia. S. C, 
Col. McMasu-r's name st.n !s preeminent as a public 
benefactor. A local paper said of him at the time of 
his death: "The name of F. W. McMaster is linked 
to the record of honor ami enlightenment and enter- 
prise m 1 Jolumlbia. I >thers 5 nee his years of activity 
have striven greatly and achieved much ; but they 
have builded on his foundations, wrought amid great 
poverty and great discouragement. The dominant 
notes of Col. McMaster's civic character were opti- 
tnism and siveness. He had true public spirit. 




COL. M.M \SI IK. 

Genial and courteous, with the manners of the old 
school, and a tender social considerateness which made 
him beloved, he was yet inflexible in his purpose to 
force the advancement of his community. His spirit 
was broad and liberal. He was a South Carolinian, 
but an American, lie ion ugh the civil war, 

but to the last he had a heart as young and a mind 
as untrammeled by ancient prejudice as any young 
soldier of [808. \ good man. useful and beloved, his 
works live after him." 



80 



Confederate l/eterap. 



THOMAS G. CHILDRESS. 

Thomas G. Childress died at his home, Springfield, 
Mo., January 25, 1901, of pneumonia. He was sixty- 
four years of age. He was born and reared in Gas- 
conade County, Mo. At the outbreak of the war, in 
1861, he espoused the cause of the South and enlisted 
in the Confederate military service, Company F, 
Eighth Missouri Infantry. 

For his conspicuous bravery, Mr. Childress was ap- 
pointed one of the color guards of his regiment, with 
the rank of first sergeant. 

An unusual romance, and perhaps one which no 
other sotldier experienced, occurred in the life of Air. 
Childress. When he joined the army he left a young 
wife at home, and during the progress of the war he 
was captured, and for a time was confined in the St. 
Louis arsenal. From there he was sent to the Alton 
military prison, and subsequently to Sandusky, Ohio. 

During all this time the young wife back in Missouri 
mourned her soldier as dead. The war closed and 
Childress returned to Missouri, but he could find no 
trace of his wife and family, finally giving up the hope 
of ever seeing her again. 

Drifting to one of the Southern States, the lonely 
\eteran found another love, and was again made happy 
by the companionship of a wife. 

After several years Childress's Southern bride died, 
and he came back to Missouri, and in wandering 
around, to his amazement and joy, he found his first 
love, who was then a widow, having married another 
man after giving up Childress as dead. The second 
husband had died some years before Childress returned 
to Missouri. When the widow and her long-lost hus- 
band met each other the old-time love burned within 
their hearts, and they were remarried. 

DR. N. J. PASCHALL. 

N. J. Paschall was born in Weakley County, Tenn., 
May, 1840, and spent his early life on a farm. After 
obtaining a common school education he took his first 
course of lectures at Jefferson Medical College, of 
Philadelphia. Pa., in 1861. At his State's call he re- 
turned home and enlisted in Capt. Ballentine's Com- 
pany of Cavalry, and was in many of the battles fought 
in the Tennessee and Mississippi departments from 
Belmont until the final surrender. After the war he 
entered upon the practice of his profession, and his piide 
and ambition soon placed him among the leading phy- 
sicians of Fulton, Ky., and surrounding county. He 
was surgeOn for Camp Jim Pirtle, of Fulton, from its 
organization, in June, 1897. His last service in the 
army was under Forrest, and he was looking forward 
with pleasant anticipations to the reunion at Memphis. 

On December 12, 1900. Robert F. Hyatt died at his 
home, Monticello, Ark., aged fifty-six years. Com- 
rade Hyatt enlisted in the Third Arkansas Volunteers 
at the age of seventeen, and made a fine record as a 
soldier until disabled at the battle of Sharpsburg by 
the loss of a leg. On returning to civil life he soon 
rose to prominence. For ten years he was County 
Clerk, and from 1887 until his death he was Cashier 
of the Monticello Bank. He was also State Grand 
Master of Exchequer for the Knights of Pythias, Grand 
Treasurer for the Knights of Honor, also held other 
positions of trust and prominence. 



DR. O. R. EARLY. 

In the death of Dr. O. R. Early the State of Mis- 
sissippi has lost one of its most elegant and courtly 
gentleman of the old school. He was a son of Bishop 
John Early, of Virginia, and stood at the head of his 
profession, lie was graduated with honor at one of 
the best medical colleges, and has held positions of 
honor — viz., member of the American Public Health 
Association, member of the Sanitary Council of the 
Mississippi Valley, executive officer of the district in 
connection with the State Board of Health of Ken- 
tucky, and Professor and Dean of Memphis Medical 
College. During the civil war he was chief surgeon 
at Richmond, Va. The contributor of this sketch 
states: "I knew the deceased well, and felt honored 
to be numbered as one of his friends. He was the joy, 
life, and light of a happy home over which he presided 
with so much grace and elegance." He was taken sud- 
denly ill on the evening of December 7 with conges- 
tion of the lungs, and passed away on the morning of 
the nth. His last moments, as his life had been, were 
characterized by peace and serenity, and he fell gentlv 
asleep in Jesus. Dr. Early died in December, 1900. 

I sham G. Harris Camp, of Columbus, Miss., lost 
two members within the last few months. G. W. Cox 
was a native of New Jersey, but came to Columbus 
some years before the war, and later moved to New ( >r- 
leans. From there he went with Walker to Nicaragua, 
and returning from that unfortunate expedition he 
again lived in New Orleans, and when the war began he 
joined the Eleventh or Twelfth Louisiana Infantry. 
He was wounded so as to be unfit for that branch of the 
service, and joined a Virginia cavalry regiment, with 
which he remained to the close of the war. He then 
went to Columbus, and since has been one of its most 
prominent citizens. 

DEATHS AT CORINTH, MISS. 

John W. McAnulty, Adjutant Camp Albert Sidney 
Johnston, Corinth, Miss., reports the death in 1000 of 
the following members : 

John W. Savage, Company D, Twenty- Third Missis- 
sippi Infantry; N. T. S. Henry, Mississippi Infantry; 
J. M. Walker, Judge Humphrey, Mat Lutrell, Eleventh 
Mississippi Cavalry; William M. Inge, colonel 
Twelfth Mississippi' Cavalry; A. H. Webb, Thirty- 
Fifth Mississippi Infantry; R. B. Smith, William 
Potts, Nineteenth Tennessee Cavalry ; Andy Gallaher, 
W. W. White, Company G, Thirty-First Tennessee 
Infantry; R. H. Smith, captain Company E, Seven- 
teenth Mississippi; John M. Stone, colonel Second 
Mississippi ; C. C. Key, Joe Phillips, Second Missis- 
sippi: W. Y. Baker, Maj. Baker's Battalion Cavalry, 
Thomas W. Cunningham, John Hensley, Eleventh 
Mississippi ; Henry Blakeney, Moreland's Cavalry ; 
George L. Boyd, lieutenant Company D, Thirty- 
Second Mississippi; D. M. Rogers, lieutenant Thir- 
tv-Second Mississippi ; John T. Murdaugh, Company 
D, Thirty-Second Mississippi ; J. L. Madden, captain 
Company D, Thirty-Second Mississippi ; J. R. Steele, 
first lieutenant Company D, Twenty-Third Missis- 
sippi ; Putt, Mississippi Infantry. 

At their meeting on January 21, 1901, the Camp 
passed resolutions of sorrow at the loss of so many 
gallant comrades. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



81 



Private W. D. Humphreys, who, until very recently, 
received the protecting shelter of the Soldiers' Home, 
near Nashville, Tenn., died on the morning of January 
31, 1 90 1, at the advanced age of seventy-six years. 
Comrade Humphreys formerly lived in Lewis County, 
and served in the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, C. S. A. 




GEN. GEORGE MANEV. 

Gen. George E Maney died suddenly in Washing- 
ton, D. C, Feb. 9, 1 901, at the age of seventy-three. 

Gen. Mancy was a native of Tennessee. He served 
as a lieutenant in the Mexican war. In the Confed- 
erate war he commanded the First Tennessee Infantry, 
serving first in Virginia under Stonewall Jackson. He 
was promoted from colonel to brigadier general for 
gallantry in the battle of Shiloh. His brigade con- 
sisted of the Fourth, Sixth. Ninth, and Twenty-Seventh 
Tennessee Regiments. The First Tennessee was so 
literally cut to pieces in the battle of Perryville that 
the remnant became part of the Twenty-Seventh. 

After the war Gen. Maney engaged for a time in 
railroad enterprises, but was subsequently appointed 
to positions as Foreign Minister. Gen. Maney was a 
most forceful writer and speaker. He was ever severe 
in his judgment against some of our Confederate offi- 
cials during the great war. but lavished much praise 
upon Gen. R. F. Lee. The engraving herewith used 
was made to go with his promised tribute to the man 
whose fame is safe. 



J. J. BECK. 

V J Cowart, of Little Oak. Ala., reports the death 
of J. J. Reck, of Glenwood, of whom it is written: 
"Comrade Beck was a native of Georgia, but went to 
Alabama when a small hoy, and resided there contin- 



uously afterwards. He was a lieutenant in Company 
G, Sixty-Third Alabama Regiment, the famous 'boy 
company,' which left Troy in the summer of 1864 
under the command of Capt. John G. Padgett. His 
life after the war was that of a modest man of retiring 
disposition, having accepted public office but once, 
when he was appointed County Commissioner by Gov. 
Jones in 1892." 

E. E. MEREDITH. 

At a meeting of the Daughters of the Confederacy 
and Memorial Association of Manassas, Va., August 
1. 1900, resolutions were adopted in honor of the late 
E. F. Meredith. It was 

Resolved: 1. That, as an organization, we regard his 
death as .1 serious loss and as a personal bereavement 
tc our members, who have ever received from him the 
greatest encouragement and help in our work; and, as 
a member of the Association, he was always ready to 
do all tli.it was possible to perpetuate the 'memory of 
the Confederate soldier. 

2. That we extend to his bereaved widow, our be- 
loved President, and the family our deepest sympathy. 
May they and the many friend's who so deeply feel his 
loss be supported by divine grace to bow in submis- 
sion and say, "Thy will be done." 

3. That this slight memorial be made a part of the 
records ol the Chapter, published in the Journal and 
Veteran, and a copy be senl to the family. 

Signed: Mrs. Johnson. Mrs. Wolfe, Mrs. Thornton, 
Miss Nelson. Miss Herrcll, Committee. 

The following members of ('amp James Adams. 
Austin, Ark., died during 1900 : Joseph Ringold, Com- 
pany D, Twenty-Seventh Tennessee Regimenl Infan- 
try, aged sixt} three years; Silas P. Ballard, born in 
Henderson County, Tenn., and lived in Arkansas 
about thirty years; served in Twenty-Seventh Ten- 
nessee Infantry ; W. A. Heaver, of Fourth North faro 
lina Infantry. 

J. W. Ramsey writes from Trenton, Tenn. : "El- 
dridge Spence. an ex-Confederate soldier of the Fif- 
ty-Fifth Regiment, Tennessee Infantry, died January 
25, 190T, near Trenton. Tenn. He lost an ami in bat- 
tle on Lick Skillet road, on the left of Hood's line in 
front of Atlanta, Ga.. July 28, 1864. He was a good 
citizen, and reared a nice family, but he has grounded 
arms, and gone to answer the roll call "up yonder." 

CAPT. THOMAS P.. TRAYLOR, WAVERLV, TENN. 

R. C. Carnell writes of Comrade Traylor: 
lie was born October 31, 1841 ; and died June 7, 
1900, in his native county. His father, Hiram B. 
Traylor. was a prominent official of Humphreys 
County. I le came to Tennessee with his parents from 
Georgia in 1809. 1 lis mother was a daughter of Syl- 
vester Adams, a Virginian, who came to Tennessee in 
1 S, .1 . 

( .ipt Traylor enlisted as a private Confederate sol- 
dier May 10, 1861, and was elected third lieutenant 
in Company A. Eleventh Tennessee Infantry, in 1862. 
He campaigned in Kentucky, and was in the fights of 
Rarbourville, Rock Castle or Wild Cat, Cumberland 
Ford, Cumberland Gap, and Laurel Bridge. 



82 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



At the (--nil ol his year's enlistment he < rganized a 
company for the Tenth Tennessee Cavalry, in com- 
mand of which he served under Gens. Forrest and 
Wheeler in at least a hundred engagements, prom- 
inent among which were Chickamauga, Knoxville, 
Fort Donelson (second battle i. Philadelphia, Tenn., 
Parker's Cross Roads, Thompson's Station, Selma, 
Resaca. Tunnel Hill. Strawberrv Plains, and Franklin. 




CAPT. 7 RAYLOR. 

His company (F) had the honor of capturing a bat- 
tery at Philadelphia, Tenn. At Chickamauga the regi- 
ment was at the front through all that desperate strug- 
gle, fighting both as cavalry and infantry, and chasing 
the enemy into Chattanooga. In that engagement Cap! 
Traylor' s horse was shot under him, and he suffered 
severely from the fall, but remained on duty. He was 
with Gen. Wheeler in the famous raid through Ten- 
nessee, and while on scout duty in his native county 
was captured. Previously he had the same misfor- 
tune, but had been exchanged after thirty, days at 
Camp Morton, Indianapolis. After this second cap- 
ture he was sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he was 
held until February, 1865. Of his experience at Camp 
Chase. Capt. Traylor s:n'<l : "The Federals would not 
give us enough to eat, and in the winter of 1864-65 
hundreds died for the want of food. I have picked up 
beef bones and crushed and boiled them to get the 
thin skim of tallow which formed on the water. Whea 
we could get slippery elm wood, we ate the bark, and 
I saw several fights for this bark." After he was final- 
ly released, Capt. Traylor reported for duty, and served 
with his command until paroled with Gen. Forrest at 
Gainesville, Ala., May 10, 1865. After the war he was 
prominent in his county as a successful merchant for 
twelve years. He was justice of the peace. Chairman 
of the County Court, and Clerk of the Circuit Court. 

L. C. M'CLERKIN. 

Luther Calvin McClerkin, born near Lexingtou, 



Tenn., died at his home in Dyersburg, Tenn., on Jan- 
uary 23, rooi. When nineteen years of age he enlisted 
as a private in Company 1. Twenty-Seventh Tennessee 
Infantry. By devotion to duty and conspicuous brav- 
ery, he was made captain of his company. On the 
reorganization of the army, he joined the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, Col. Wilson, which was a part of 
Bell's Brigade, Forrest's Division. Here, as well as 
in the infantry, he performed his part so faithfully and 
well as to gain the plaudits of comrades and the confi- 
dence and esteem of his superior officers. Only when 
the "stars and bars" were furled in the sad surrender 
did Capt. McClerkin leave his post of duty. He made 
Dyersburg his home since the war, and was a member 
of Dawson BivOuac, by which he was buried. A wife 
and six children survive him. 

Pat Cleburne Camp, of Cleburne, Tex., reports the 
death of Comrade J. A. Willingham, August 24, 1900 : 

John Austin Willingham was born in Walton 
County, Ga., in May, 1839. In 1861 he enlisted in a 
company of infantry, organized in Brazos County, 
Tex. ; was mustered into service at Houston, and sta- 
tioned at Virginia Point, near Galveston. Upon the 
organization of the Tenth Texas, his company was at- 
tached to that regiment, then commanded by Col. Alli- 
son Nelson, of Bosque County, and later by R. Q. 
.Mills. Comrade Willingham was made adjutant of 
the regiment, and served as such till the close of the 
war. He was with his regiment in the memorable bat- 
tles of Arkansas Post, Chickamauga, Missionary 
Ridge, Ringgold Gap, Rocky Face Gap, Resaca, New 
Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, 
Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin, and Nashville. He was 
wounded at New Plope Church, but remained with the 
regiment. He came to Cleburne in March, 1867, and 
has since been a citizen of the place. 

Resolutions expressing the esteem in which he was 
held by comrades were passed by Pat Cleburne Camp. 

J. W. Willingham, Chattanooga, Tenn.: "In 1862, 
as Bragg was preparing to move into Kentucky, an 
officer named Kesterson (or something similar), be- 
longing to the Second Arkansas Infantry, was taken 
very sick and left behind at the home of a gentleman 
named Martin, about five miles north of Chattanooga. 
The officer died in a few days, and was decently buried 
in the citizens' cemetery near by. Hearing nothing 
from the friends of the dead officer, Mr. Martin sold 
the horse, pistols, etc., that had belonged to him, and 
paid the burial expenses, keeping the balance for many 
years. Mr. Martin is now dead, but his son is familiar 
with the circumstances, and can point out the grave 
of the officer, who, he thinks, belonged to the quarter- 
master's department, judging from his equipment. 
Any inquiries will be cheerfully answered." 

Thirty-six years ago Maj. Gen. W. H. T. Walker 
was killed near the city of Atlanta in defense of his 
country and native State. Many fruitless efforts have 
been made to find the exact spot where he fell, and a 
committee from Camp W. H. T. Walker have discov- 
ered a Mr. Parker, who succeeded in showing them 
almost the spot where the brave General received his 
death wound. Camp Walker is now casting about to 
devise ways and means to erect a monument to Gen. 
Walker. 



Qor)federat<? l/eterap. 



83 



DEATHS IN CAMP AT ORLANDO, FLA. 

(.(range County Camp, No. 54, at Orlando, Fla., 
has lost three of its members within the pas! few 
months. This Camp has lost by death one-fourth of 
its members since its organization. Julius C. Ander- 
son, a member of this Camp, died on November 10, 
1900. He was born at Covington, Ga.. January 16, 
[843, and enlisted as a private in Company A, Firsl 
Georgia Legion, and served throughout the war. His 
record is that he was always a brave and faithful sol- 
dier. At the time of his death he was sheriff of 
Orange County, and had held that office 
seventeen years. 

Capt. Willis C. Xutt. a member of the same (t (range 
County) Camp, died on June 15, 1000. at ; 
sixty-nine, lie wais a native of Jackson. Ga., and en 
tercd the service of the Confederacy in June, [8 
first lieutenant in Company A. biftx Third G< 
lie was pr. urn ited i" be 1 aptain after the battle of Get- 
tysburg, and was subsequently made prisoner, and 
he'd for nineteen months, seven months of which he 
was confined under almost conistant tire mi Mori 
Island, in Charleston harbor, with that devoted mar- 
tyr band m|' six hundred officers. He had lived long 
in Florida, and for several years he had held the offio 
of assessor of taxes for Orange County. 

Maj 1 1, P. Preston, also a rnembei of I amp No. 
54, died at < (rlando, Fla., February ,?. 1901, aged sixty- 
seven, lie was a native of BotetOUrl County, \'a.. 
and entered the service of (he Confederacy from 
Texas as a private in Company D, Whitfield's Bal 
talion, during May. 1861. In October of the same 
year he was made captain. He was at Shiloh, after- 
wards with Gens. Bragg and Price, and was promoted 
to major, and served in the West until the close of 
the war. 

A letter from Mrs. John Mcintosh Kell, inadvert- 
ently overlooked in preparing the brief sketch for the 
January VETERAN, states thai the middle picture in 
the group of which \dmiral Sonnies and her husband 
w< re men tl iers was Dr. John Wiblin, who attended the 
Admiral when wounded in the hand, and the) became 
great friends. Vnother point in Mrs. [Cell's letter 
states : "My dear hero was promoted Foi gallantrj after 
the Uaibama sunk the rlatteras in Galveston harbor 

The promotion wa^ made ncai 1\ a \ ear before he heard 

of it, but he always said he would never have left the 

ship and Admiral Semmes to take a command." 

R. F. Armstrong, second lieutenant of the Alabama, 
writes from Ontario, Canada, to the son-in-law oi Gen. 
John Mcintosh Kell : 

I thank you sinccrclx for copies of the Atlanta 
Journal containing accounts of the funeral of Gen. Kell. 

1 li.it. b\ the providence 1 1 1 iod, this mighty man of 
war should have been permitted to close an honorable 
and eventful life by peacefully falling to sleep in the 
bos. mi of his family has robbed death of its terrors, and 
the hope of resurrection giveth him victory over the 
grave. In the fullness of years he has been gathered 
to his fathers, and the universal esteem and affection 
manifested by his people give assurance that his life 
and services will not be Forgotten, ddiis should be a 
consolation to his stricken family in their affliction, 



and the honor decreed by his State in his uies, 

rounding out, as it does, his high and honorable career,' 
satisfaction, though a sad one. Though there be 
hope in our sorrow for our dear departed, yet the sor- 
row- is profound and universal, and while the regret 
our individual loss is sincere, though confined within 
a narrow circle, when the State mourns we may be 
sure that the loss is a public one. In John Mcintosh 
Kell the people of Georgia recognized integrity of 
'"'' nscientious fulfillment of public duties," and 

no one, at the close of a long and useful life, could' bet- 
ter challenge public criticism in the language of 
Samuel. 

Many iessons may be learned from the life of our 
deai and it is well to ponder them so thai 

max derive therefrom the consolation of realizing that, 
though d ad, he speaketh, and thoug , ,'l from 

the scene of his earthly activity, his influence survh 
and can but be productivf of good to his fello 
fn evi 4 life he was the example of the 

pure and undetiled. and his grieving family will find 
- onsolation in reflecting on his well-spent life and sim- 
ple ' in faith, lie has left to them as an inli 
itance a spotless reputation, an untarnished name, and 
the memor) of noble qualities nobly employ .1 
I .ii her, in ihv gracious keeping, 
1 avi now thj sen an) sleeping. 

Mi I harks II. Johnson, of Newburyport, Mass 
has interested himself greatly in the histor] of the 
\labama. and in an interview here he expressed the 
intention of going to t Jeorgia to interview the Captain. 
I pon learning of the death of Capt. Kell I wrote t .him, 
to save him the expense of a long journey. Mis reply 
to >m lettei 1 sent to the Veal- Publishing Company 
for information. In it Mr. Johnson said that he was 
in correspi ndence with a number of Public Libra] 
throughout the Northeast, and that he would try to 
get them to order the book, and would also write to 
the publishers to have the book placed on sale by the 
American News I ompany. It max be that. through this 
means, some copies max be sold, and I sinccrclx hopi 

so. Mr fohns'on is so much interested in everything 
the Alabama and her officers that I would 
suggest \ iir sending him copies of the Journal, if you 
can spare them. 1 would send him mine, but wi 
1. 1 keep them. 

II B Bayli a, 1 .1 I umberland, Md., writes: 
In the January number of the \ eteran you touched 
upon the question "Why Booth killed Lin 
From all die information I can gel. you are on the 
right line Some years ago die LaCrosse Democrat, 
edited by Brick Pomeroy, published this story about 
Booth killing Lincoln bei d him a lie. and 

then hanged his friend. John Y. Beall, and challenged 
the world to deny it. I have never seen its denial. 
John Y. Beall's mother is a native of my county. Jef- 
ferson County, \ .... and I am told that she says she 
did go with Booth to see 1 tnci In. and that he promised 
them that her son should not be hanged, and after she 
got home she received a telegram saying that he was 
hanged, and then afterwards Booth killed Lincoln. 
We want the truth upon this matter, so please air it. 
We want history to record why the first Republican 
President was killed. 



84 



Confederate l/eterai). 



ALBERT PIKE'S WORDS FOR DIXIE. 

Mrs. Rosa Benwell Todd, of Owensboro, Ky., sends 
a copy of "Dixie," by Gen. Albert Pike, in answer to 
request published in December Veteran. In her let- 
ter she says : "Gen. Pike and my father, William M. 
Benwell, of Bedford County, Ya., were lifelong 
friends, and before the war Gen. Pike sent his sons 
to the University of Georgia, and my father directed 
their education. They spent the holidays with us in 
our home. The very first Christmas that I can re- 
member distinctly those two boys, Hamilton and Wal- 
ter, came to spend the week with us. This poem, 
"Dixie," was written while the glow of Confederate 
enthusiasm was at its brightest, and I can feel the 
thrill of those old war days come over as I read it, 
and can fully realize that living in those days made 
true Confederates of us all." 

Southrons, hear your country call you; 
Up! lest than worse than death befall you; 

To arms! to arms! to arms! in Dixie. 
Lo, all the beacon fires are. lighted; 
Let all hearts be now united; 

To arms! to arms! to arms! in Dixie. 

Advance the flag of Dixie; 
Hurrah! hurrah! 

Chokus. 
For Dixie's land I'll take my stand, 
To live and die for Dixie; 

To arms! to arms! 
And coTTquer peace for Dixie! 

To arms! to arms! 
And conquer peace for Dixie! 

Hear the Northern thunders mutter; 
Northern flags in South winds flutter. 
Send them back your fierce defiance; 
Stamp upon the accursed alliance. 

Fear no danger; shun no labor; 
Lift up rifle, pike, and saber: 
Shoulder pressing close to shoulder. 
Let the odds make each, heart bolder! 

How the South's great heart rejoices 
At your cannon's ringing voices 
For faith betrayed and pledges broken, 
Wrongs inflicted, insults spoken. 

Strong as lions, swift as eagles, 
Back to their kennels hunt these beagles; 
Break the unequal bonds asunder; 
Let them hence each other plunder. 

Swear upon your Country's altar 

Never to submit or falter 

Till the spoilers are defeated, 

Till the Lord's work is completed. 

Halt not till our federation 
Secures among earth's powers its station. 
Now, at peace and crowned with glory, 
Hear your children tell the story. 

If the loved ones weep in sadness, 
Victory Shall bring them gladness; 
Exultant pride now banish sorrow, 
Smiles chase tears away to-m'orrow. 



The venerable Gen. T. N. Waul, of Neyland, Tex., 
responds to request for copy of "Dixie" by Gen. Pike, 
stating : 

Inclosed I send you a letterpress copy of "A Lament 
for Dixie," written by Gen. Albert Pike. The original 
was presented to me by my friend, Gen. Pike, whose 



intimacy I enjoyed for many years, during and after 
the war. I received it from him in Washington City, 
in the summer of 1870, when the hoof of the con- 
queror had not been removed from the neck of the 
South. The lament presented to me is cherished and 
preserved. 

A Lament for Dixie. 

Southrons conquered, subjugated, 
Mourn your country devastated : 

Mourn for hapless, hopeless Dixie — 
Homes once happy, desolated ; 
Church and altar desecrated. 

Mourn for fallen, ruined Dixie. 

Chorus. 
Lament the fall of Dixie. 

Alas ! alas! 
On Dixie's land we yet will stand, 
And live or die for Dixie. 

Endure ! endure ! 
All ills endure for Dixie ! 

Endure ! endure ! 
All ills endure for Dixie! 

Bewail your dead, whose bones lie bleaching. 
Courage to the living teaching; 

Mcurn, but still be proud of Dixie. 
Bevvail your Southland, crushed and trampled, 
Bearing sorrows unexampled ; 

Mourn, but still be proud for Dixie. 

Prey despoiled and victim bleeding, 
Not to man for mercy pleading ; 

Unto God alone cries Dixie. 
Cross of anguish bravely bearing, 
Crown of thorns submissive wearing, 

Patient and resigned Dixie. 

All our States lie fainting, dying, 
Each to each with sobs replying ; 

Each still loving, honoring Dixie. 
By the accursed scourge lacerated, 
By her freed slaves ruled and hated, 

She is still our own dear Dixie. 

Dear to us our conquered banners, 
Greeted once with loud hosannas ! 

Dear the tattered flags of Dixie; 
Dear the fields of honor glorious, 
Where, defeated or victorious, 

Sleep the immortal dead of Dixie. 

Conquered, we are not degraded ; 
Southron laurels have not faded. 

Mourn, but not in shame, for Dixie. 
Deck your heroes' graves with garlands 
Till the echo comes from far lands : 

Honor to the dead of Dixie! 

All is not yet lost unto us ; 
Baseness only can subdue us. 

Mourn— you cannot flush— for Dixie. 
Kneeling at your country's altar, 
Swear your children not to falter 
Till the right shall rule in Dixie. 

If her fate be sealed, we'll share it. 
By our shroudless dead, we swear it ! 
Ours the life or death of Dixie. 



C-onfederate Veteran. 



85 



By her past's all-glorious slory, 
By her laureled martyr's glory, 
We will live or die for Dixie ! ; 

Shall there to our night of sorrow 
Be no glad and bright to-morrow? 

Is hope ever lost to Dixie? 
Every dark night has its morning, 
Long though oft delayed its dawning. 

Wait ! be patient ! pray for Dixie ! 

Hope for dawn for Dixie. 

Endure ! endure 1 
On Dixie's land we yet will stand, 
And live or die for Dixie 

Endure ! endure ! 
All ills endure for Dixit- ! 

Endure ! endure ! 
All ills endure for Dixie! 



THRICE HONORED BY THE SONS. 

Miss Alma Lackey, of Gallatin, Term., is the only 
daughter of Comrade S. E. Lackey, who is of one of 
the oldest and best families of Sumner County, a 
county long- famed (and a 
credit to Tennessee) for its 
fair women and brave men. 

Miss Lackey has been 
thrice honored by selection 
as sponsor for Sons of the 
Southern Veterans. First, 
at Atlanta, when she was 
only seventeen years of age ; 
second, at the State reunion 
at MurfreesbOro, Term., and 
again at the reunion at 
Louisville, in 1900. A friend 
writes that "she is just de- 
veloped into full, beautiful 
womanhood — 'a thing of 
beauty, to make an old man dance with joy. 




MISS A I M \ I Ai K BY. 



Lon Woodburn. of Paloduro, Tex., is anxious to 
communicate with his old comrades of the sixties. He 
was in the Tennessee Army, serving in Company F, 
Seventh .Arkansas Regiment, Govan's Brigade, Cle- 
burne's Division. He has not seen any member of his 
regiment in twenty-seven years. 

Mrs. N. C. Green, Golden City, Ark., will appre- 
ciate evidence of R. O. Green's service in the war. 
He was quartermaster sergeant under Capt. Dodson. 
Twenty-Sixth Alabama Regiment, Company B. 

The name of William Blarney, as published in the 
January Veteran, was erroneously given as Blaney. 
There is widespread inquiry about him, through Gen 
Moorman as well as the Veteran and other avenues. 
Information concerning Comrade Blarney or his fam- 
ily will be appreciated by James M. Caperton, Sec- 
retary Confederate Association, 431 Eleventh Street, 
Washington, D. C. 

Thomas Westmoreland, Company K, Sixth Ala- 
bama Regiment, Rucker, Tenn., writes: 

After thirty-six years I write about being captured 
at Gettysburg. Mv regiment, the advance guard, was 
on the road from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, and 



was deployed as skirmishers. I was captured where 
the stone fence and rail fence joined, where Gen. Rey- 
nolds was killed by some of our brave men who ad- 
vanced in my rear. They ordered me to cross the fence. 
I believe I was the first prisoner captured there. It 
was near where their Gen. Reynold's had been killed. 
They said, "You killed our general ;" but I denied it. 



SOUTHERN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

The pessimist of to-day, whose continual war cry 
is "avarice." "greed," "self-aggrandizement." would 
feel repaid, and astonished too, could he pause in his 
unwholesome carping and listen to the universal hu- 
manitarian harmony that is vibrating in the hearts of 
God's creatures. The world is growing better, be- 
cause strong men and earnest women wish it to be- 
come so; and they lend their hearts, brains, and purses 
to the accomplishment of glorious ends. 

In the great chorus of philanthropy may be heard to- 
day the strong pleading For industrial schools of va- 
rious kinds, and that many of these may spring from 
Southern soil, generous women arc bending every en- 
ergy to arouse interest in the work. Prominent among 
these is Mrs. Anne S. Green, of Culpeper, \*a., who 
has already written a stirring article, which the Vet- 
eran prints in part : 

The establishment of such institutions is much needed. The 
call for industrial schools begins in Virginia, and extends down 
to the Gulf States, and out to the western confines of that 
land which was nncc known as "The Southern Confederacy." 
There are women, willing and capable, who are now ready to 
begin this work. Let them come together and organize for it. 
as worthy descendants of those who always responded to duty's 
call. Let the women of the South show to others How earnest 
they are in the cause for rescue of the descendants of our Con- 
federate soldiers. Let us gather them into homes where they 
will be clothed and fed and cared for, and under such invig- 
orating influences be returned and restored to the original 
status of their ancestors, "who came down from revolutionary 
sires." We must begin this work. We owe it to these dead 
soldiers, who gave up their lives for what they believed to be 
a holy cause." 

Many girls and boys at the early age of eight and ten are 
being placed by their poor parents in the mills and factories 
which are springing up in the South. There are public schools; 
but they do not reach the evil, or extend the helping hand of 
home, fireside, food, or clothing. For the lack of these they 
are unable to avail themselves of the public provision. Those 
who help themselves are more deserving of help from others. 
Charity is not sectional, partisan, or self glorying. There are 
large-minded, liberal men and women in this country who, 
from a sense of duty, are willing and ready to give of their 
abundance when they are convinced that the object is worthy. 
From this class we expect help, and we believe we will get it. 
Helen Gould has been identified with many noble charities. She 
seems ever on the watch to help the suffering and needy. 

Are there no King Arthurs, with their gallant knights, who 
will go forth on expeditions of mercy. Are there no Queen 
Guinevcrcs to hid them Godspeed, remaining in charge of the 
Round Table upon which are his commissions and plans for 
the progress of their future beneficent work. Let us organize 
at once, and have our first Round Table at Washington, the 
nation's capital, and select Helen Gould to sit in Guinevere's 
chair, with worth; women as assistants. There should he a 
Round Table established in even- city and town in our countrv. 



86 



Qopfederate l/eterai), 



SAD REALITIES OF WAR. 
J. W. Simmons, Twenty-Seventh Mississippi Regi- 
ment, Walthall's Brigade, now of Mexia, Tex.', writes : 

During the fall of 1863 the great battle of Ohicka- 
mauga had been fought and won ; the Federal army 
had been driven back into Chattanooga, and the Con- 
federate army was laying siege to that city. Of the 
thirty-two officers and men who were on detail at divi- 
sion headquarters as proved guard, 1 was of the num- 
ber. It was the duty of the guard to take charge of 
prisoners, both Federals and Confederates, as large 
armies always have men under arrest for some kinds 
of offenses. 

While we were camped on Lookout Creek, in the 
shadow of the historic Lookout Mountain, an intelli- 
gent and fine-looking Confederate soldier was sent to 
us under the charge of forgery and desertion. A court- 
martial was convened, and he was tried. It developed 
in the case that he was a member of the Twenty-Ninth 
Mississippi Regiment, and had been a true and faith- 
ful soldier ; had done his full duty in many a hard-fought 
-battle: had been wounded and sent home on wounded 
furlough ; had recovered and returned to the army. 
But while he was at home he had married an accotr 
plished lady, ami so-; 11 after his return to the arm} 
he took his old furlough and. being an expert penman, 
copied all the signatures from his captain to army 
headquarters, passed all the guards without any trou- 
ble, and went back home to his young wife, where he 
was soon arrested, brought back, and turned over to 
our guard for safe-keeping. 

The court-martial found him guilty of both charges 
— forgery and desertion — and assessed his penalty as 
death. I shall never forget the scene when the death 
penalty was read to him. He fell to the ground, and, 
pulling his blanket over his head, lay there in a death- 
like swoon for two days, and would pay no attention 
to any of us. 

He finally revived, but was a very different-looking 
man, manifesting every appearance of having just re- 
covered from a severe spell of sickness. 

The day the battle of Missionary Ridge was fought it 
was my good fortune to be on duty as sergeant of the 
guard to keep the prisoners secure, and when our army 
was defeated and stampeded, just at night I was or- 
dered to look well to the prisoners and to travel all 
night on the Dalton road, which I did.- 

I have often wondered why this prisoner, knowing 
his fate, did not make a break for liberty during that 
night's march. If he had, it would have been my duty 
and the duty of the other men to ha-ve shot at him, but 
I have never thought any of us would have aimed with 
much accuracy, knowing all the circumstances and his 
reputation as a fighter. 

The guard reached Dalton the day of the execution. 
There had been considerable speculation among the 
men as to who would be detailed to do the shooting, 
and we noncommissioned officers felt rather secure, 
thinking that the men only would be on the detail; but 
to our surprise the noncommissioned officers were 
taken first, and the remainder of the twelve were 
selected from the ranks. 

There was evident suspicion on the part of the offi- 
cer in charge that we would miss the prisoner inten- 
tionally, and to guard against this he informed us that 



this man had been condemned to death, and that it 
would be useless to miss or cripple him, as he would 
be compelled to order us to load and shoot until the 
prisoner was dead. 

The prisoner was blindfolded and placed on a log, 
we were inarched about thirty steps in front of him, 
and the order was given to fire. It seemed that the 
boys, without any consultation, had all formed the 
same resolution, that it would be best to shoot to kill, 
as every ball took effect in his breast. 

Of the many thousand solemn scenes it was my mis- 
fortune to witness or perform during the war. this was 
the saddest. 

The grave of the unfortunate man can be found 
about ten miles south of Dalton. about fifty yards to 
the east of the road, on the hillside, in the edge of an 
old field. Some of his friends built a substantial log 
pen around the grave at the time. 




Twenty-four "worthy and well-qualified" ladies of 
Harrodsburg, Ky., on the 15th day of October or- 
ganized a Chapter of the Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy. They were unani- 
mous in naming their 
Chapter in honor of Col. 
James O. Chenault, who, 
at the breaking out of the 
war, joined the ranks of 
the Confederacy, and at 
the time of the surrender 
was commanding one of 
the distinguished Col. 
Gen. Lyon's brigades of 
Kentucky cavalry. Mrs. 
Jennie Hardin, daughter 
Ebenezer Magoffin, who 
/' was killed in action under 

Gen. Price in Missouri, the 

.AS. Q. CHENAULT. "^ ° f ^"^ Magoffin, 

the great war governor, 
who defied and resisted the radical Legislature of Ken- 
tucky, and widow of the late Judge Charles A. Hardin, 
was elected President pro tern until a charter can be 
obtained, when a large number of new applicants for 
membership will be acted upon. The ladies are en- 
thusiastic, a large and active Chapter is now assured, 
and they will enter immediately upon the work of 
completing the Confederate monument fund, for 
which about $1,200 has already been collected. 



r 



Col. Bennett H. Young, of Louisville, sends a copy 
of an old letter, dated St. Louis, April 14, 1862, to 
Capt. Moses Irwin, of the steamer Woodford : 

Dear Sir: We, the undersigned committee on behalf 
of the officers and men, prisoners of war, do hereby 
tender to you our sincere thanks for the many favors 
and acts of kindness received from yourself and officers 
during our passage from Savannah, Tenn., to St. Louis. 
Capt. George Soule, Crescent Regiment, New Or- 
leans, La. 
Lieut. George M. Parker, Adjutant Twenty-First Ala- 
bama. 
Lieut. John Daly, Thirteenth Louisiana Regiment. 

Col. Young adds that Capt. Irwin, now of New 
Albany, Ind., would like to know if any of these gen- 
tlemen are living. 



^confederate l/eterao. 



87 



WHY MR. DAVIS WAS MANACLED IN PRISON. 

BY JOHN P. HICKMAN, ADJT. GENERAL TENN. DIV., U. D. C. 

Since the recent appointment of Nelson A. Miles as Lieuten- 
ant General there has been considerable discussion by the 
Southern press as to his treatment of Mr. Jefferson Davis while 
he was his prisoner at Fortress Monroe. 

On May 19, 1865, Mr. Davis and family, Mr. Stephens, 
Mr. Reagan, Mr. Clay and wife, Gen. Joe Wheeler, Cols. 
Johnston and Lubbock, with other Confederate prisoners, ar- 
rived at Fortress Monroe in charge of Col. Prichard and 
his regiment, the Fourth Michigan Cavalry. Mr. Charles 
A. Dana, Assistant Secretary of War, was present when they 
arrived, and in describing Mr. Davis's appearance he said: 
"He bore himself with a haughty attitude, his face was 
what flushed, but his features were com]' ed 
firm." Just prior to that time Gen, I!. \Y. Halleck had written 
the Secretary of War that "the present commandant at Fo 
Monroe is a faithful officer, but nol sharp enough to take 
charge of Jeff Davis and his crew." Therefore G 
\va< put in command 

Mr. Dana, in describing the prison in which Mr Davis and 
Air. Clay were confined, says: "The casements on each side and 
between those oci upied by thi 

np is constantly 
kepi burning in each ol the rooms. I have n 
ders to have th( m plai ed in iron a Gen H: 

1 to it: but G is instructed to have fetters 

if he thinks them m 

However, on '■ VTr. Dana issued the p>1 ! 

order to Gen. Wiles: "You are hereb cted to 

pla< e 1 id fetti rs upi m the hands and 

Davi and Clemenl Cla th a may deem ii ai 

bl< in ordei to render their imprisonment more secure." 

Under this permit. Gen. Miles, on May 24, wrote Mr. 1 
"Yesterday T directed that irons be put on Davis's ankles, 
which he violentlj resi fed, but became more quiet afterwa 
This was intended to be kept secret, but the soldiers on guard 
gave it "tit. and the papers of the \ I ed the 

cruelty; and the placing of Mr, Davis in iron 1 xcited 
thy and indignation, instead of applau e ["herefi re, 01 
.'S 1865, Mr Stanton, Secretary of War. t< d Gen 

Miles a-- follows: "Please report whether irons have or have 
not been placed on Jeffet on Davis. If they have been, when 
was it done, and foi what rea on? Have them remo 

In reply to this telegram, Gi n Miles wired: "I have had the 
irons removed. T had the anklets put On his ankles to p 
his running, should he endeavoi to e cape." 

On June .-, [865, Air. Charles O'Connor, of New Yo 
stanch Union man and the most eminent criminal lawyer in 
ment, wrote Mr. Davis, tendering his services in hi- 
defense. Gen. Miles received this lettei and aftei careful 
investigation and several telegrams to and from Air Dana, he 
gave the letter to Air, Davis; but would give him no paper. 
pen, or ink with which to accept the kind and generou 
Finally, after several other telegrams, Air Da\is was given one 
sheet of papei on which to reply He did reply, but his letter 
was never received by Mr. O'Connor However, he acted is 
his chief counsel. 

Mr Davis's rations, under orders from Gen Allies, were 
cooked by a guard, cut up. and passed through the gral 
him without knife, fork or spoon \fter several weeks he 
was given a wooden knife and fork. Gen. Aides found out 
that Air Davis had a roll of small red taoe made Up of short 
pieces knotted together He sent Alai Muhlenberg to demand 
it When he demanded it of Mr. Davis, telling him he was 
okevine. order! from Gen Miles. Mr, Davis handed it to him. 



saying: "Tell the d — d a— that it was u-cd to keep up the 
mosquito net on my bed." This tape is now preserved as onr 
of the trophies of war. 

Gen. Halleck permitted Air. Davis to keep a little pet dog 
in the cell with him. and one day while Mrs. Davis was with 
her husband the little dog was out in front of the cell when 
Gen. Aides was passing, and he kicked it brutally. 

Now where are the positive orders to Gen, Allies to put 

Mr. Davis in iron-' He did it of his own volition, thinking 

uld meet the unanimous approval of the North. Alore- 

Over, he offered manj other indignities to Mr Davis beneath 

the propei dignity of .1 gentleman. 




-; HENRY Nir.lIAUS. 

The face that look- into yours with such pen, item- 

plation is that of Chat he sculptor, and it is 

I istic bus I make- lnm look that 

way. For men and ' int his theme and illuminate his 

point, inasmuch as the\ are the drama of his art and the actors 
inspiration. 
Air Niehaus is an American who had th( 1 capturing 

the first prize ever given to an American by a German academy. 
done more work for his government than any 
Cthcr sculptor ["he Capitol at Washington has his Garfield. 
In- Morn m. hi- Vllen. hi- Tompkins; th ■ >sional Li- 

brary his Gibbons and his Moses, while th • Ohio and 

of his statue "< their famous 
men. B ument 

lann, the commission for which Air Niehau 

culptors in an international competition. The 
well known Vstor doors of old Trinity, New York, are by him, 

and Ii" e pediment to the .M in the 

same city. These are hut few of his works that stand 

ual monuments to his ability a- well as to the subjects that he 

sought to perpetuate in them. His statues to President Davis 

and Gen. l.ee, of whom lie has made models, are among hi 

works. 



88 



Qopfederate l/eterarj. 



CONSUMPTION CURED. 
An old physician, retired from practice, had placed m 
his bands by an East India missk'uary tbe formula of ft 
simple vegetable remedy frr the speedy and permaiuut 
cure of Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma, and 
all Throat and Lung Affections; also a positive and radical 
cure for Nervous Debility and all Nervous Complaints. 
Having tested its wonderful curative powers in thousands 
of cases, and desiring t" relieve human suffering, I will 
send free of charge to all who wish it this ivi-ip^, in <•■■<- 
man, French, oi English, with full directions fW prepar- 



ing in i using. Bent by mail, by addressing, with Btamp, 

naming thf" " 

Rochester. 



naming this" paper, W. A. Hoyes, &17 rowers Block, 



ANNALS OF AN INVERTEBRATE. 

Miss Laurette Nisbet Boykin wrote the 
wonderful book referred to herewith. 
"The Annals of an Invertebrate" is a 
small volume published since the death 
of the gifted author. It is in charming 
style, and is full of original and beautiful 
thoughts. The interest in the book is in- 
creased by the fact that it was written 
while she was imprisoned in the fatal 
sick room. 

Hon. Clifford Anderson. Ex-Attorney- 
General of Georgia, wrote : "Lovely in 
person, and with a mind richly endowed 




MISS LAURETTE BOYKIN. 

by nature and well stored with the fruits 
of reading and study, her death was as 
if some bright star had suddenly become 
extinct. The little volume will serve to 
show what >he was and what she might 
have been." 

Rev. James I. Vance, D.D. who was at 
the time pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Nashville, Tenn., wrote of it as 
"a charming analysis, in rich English, of 
the phantasms of neurasthenia. The 
book is a marvel. It is a weird, exquisite 
poem in pure prose. Every sentence is 
a gem aglow with the soul of genius. 
The thought is as fresh as the breath of 
morning, the style vivid and picturesque, 
and the progress of the story so rapid 
and nervous that the mere reading of it 
stimulates the mind prodigiously. Every 
line of the book is as unique as its title ; 
and the reader will be amazed that a girl 



so young could be the author, and will 
grieve that she did not live longer to 
write more." 

Mrs. H. M. Doak, of Nashville, Tenn., 
wrote: "Directly from the brilliant re- 
ception room we are taken by these An- 
nals' into the quiet, darkened chamber of 
sickness, where, during months of still- 
ness and pain, a mind of marvelous rich- 
ness is turned in upon itself, and she 
who was so singularly reticent gives us 
the result of this introspection. . . . Even 
in chronicling pain she leads us away 
from the pain to the train of thought 
produced by it. She gives us the effect 
produced upon her by human tones ;' by 
trees ; by flowers and vines, and we see 
that she creates for herself a thought- 
world as full of interest and entertain- 
ment as could be offered by the brilliant 
world from which she was shut off, in 
the night, when 'The Annals of an In- 
vertebrate' began." 

Hon. A. S. Colyar, who was a member 
cf the Confederate States Congress : 
"Many of the thoughts in this casket of 
poetic gems are abnormal in their orig- 
inality and beauty, and stand out from 
humanity's infirmities as if touched with 
light from the celestial clime. It is the 
sweet side of life. It is the departing 
spirit of a young girl of rarest gifts 
speaking back to the world she is leaving 
behind with a cheerfulness and a range 
el thought and a beauty of expression 
and a sentiment which will warm the 
heart and quicken the perceptions and 
surprise the intellect, as if coming from 
a land in which humanity is purified." 

Judge W. C. Glenn, of Atlanta, Ga. : 
"In the truest sense the gifted authoress 
v as a woman of genius and endowed 
with a subtle and penetrating intellect. 

This book will be sent for three new 
subscribers to the Veteran. 



GOOD SHOPPING FREE OF COST. 

Mrs. M. B. Morton, of 625 Russell 
Street, Nashville, Tenn., has varied ex- 
perience as Purchasing Agent, and her 
small commissions are paid by the mer- 
chants, so that her services are abso- 
lutely free to purchasers. 

An efficient purchasing agent is post- 
ed in latest styles and "fads" and the 
most reliable dealers. Mrs. Morton sup- 
plies household furnishings, wardrobes 
in detail, jewelry, etc. She makes a 
specialty of millinery. 

References are cordially given by the 
Confederate Veteran and the Nash- 
ville daily press. 

GENERAL MISSIONARY CON- 
FERENCE, M. E. CHURCH, 
SOUTH, APRIL 24-30. 

On account of the General Missionary 
Conference of the M. E. Church, South, 
at New Orleans, La., April 24 to 30, 1901, 
the Southern Railway will sell tickets 
from all points on its lines to New Or- 
leans, La., and return at rate of one fare 
for the round trip. Tickets will be sold 
April 22, 23, and 24, 1901, with final limit 
to return until May 2, 1901. For further 
information call on Southern Railway 
Ticket Agent. 



50 YEARS' 
PERIENCE 




Trade Marks 
Designs 
Copyrights &c. 

Anvnnp sending n sketch and description niay 
■illicitly ascertain our opinion free whether an 
invention Is probably patentable. Communica- 
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents 
sent free, oldest agency for securing patents. 

Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive 
special notice, without charce, in the 

Scientific flmericatt 

A handsomely illustrated weekly. I.nrprest cir- 
culation of any scientitic journal. Terms, $3 a 
year; four months, $L Soldbyall newsdealers. 

MUNN &Co. 36,Broadw ^ New York 

Branch Office, (85 V St.. Washington, D. C. 



m 






Employment for You, vj 






(IS 



rffiS 'W E HAVE SEVERAL GOOD OPENINGS specially suited to Ministers, y|/ 

1JL W Teachers, and Students, to engage with us in the sale of our books and .-»^ 

'.$? Bibles. Our books are bright and new and up'tcdate, and are fast sell' V* 

/4\ ers. Almost any intelligent person can sell them. This is a good chance fcr yl/ 

you to earn some money. If you are unemployed, or have some spare time, ^»% 

write at once. Send us fifty cents — stamps in good order will do — if you are \" 

ready to begin at once. We refer to Dunn's or Bradstreet's Mercantile Agency, il/ 

We claim that ours is the best'selling line of subscription books published. ^»^ 

/lj Send b few references and inclose a stamp, and address your tetter this way: \flf 

# FOREMAN & GREEN, jjj 

i'y 346 COURT SQUARE, NASHVILLE, TENN. w£ 



Confederate Veteran. 



89 



DAILY ARRIVALS AT BROD- 

NAX'S. 
Better buy where you cannot help but 
get the very latest goods. They are no 
sooner out than we have them. Brod- 
rtax, Jeweler, Peabody Hotel Building. 
Memphis, Tenn. 

SOME ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHS. 

Among the artistic exhibits which will 
11 al the Par American Exposition, 
which opens in May at Buffalo, there 
will be nothing in the line ol land 
photography which can surpass the 
liibil to be made b] th • Missouri Pacific 
Railway and the Iron Mountain Route. 
\- is well known, the-e two linos pass 
through .1 '■' | pii tun qui ''.-lion of the 
o lunti j as well as thri >ugh the mo I 
agricultural districts. There 
ne hundred handsome photogi 
nificently framed, depicting striking 
bits i id either mi iun 

r stream, or both, or reflecting the 
i ontenl menl and pi >speri 

I irms along tin line-. 'Ill 

n embraces almi >sl everj phase of 

outdoor photography, from ilie -impte 

tudj "i a peaceful meadow or wheat 

eld through thi ried features of 

i Fplift, hunting scenes in \i kansa the 
tnd fishers' paradise, up in ani- 
i and instantaneous pho 

n 'in h give i M I .i oi ill' !•" i .Mi-1 

cattle farms, the mining and manufai 
luring indu tries, and t > . . i ail road =erv- 
u ith w liii-li this countrj i 
While, of course, the mam value of a 
pin iti igt aph lies in the mi rit, both at 
and technical, of the prim, much of the 
finished beauty depends upon the mat- 
or mounting, and the framing, and 
iusi say thai wi havi m irer had the 
■in of looking upon a better ar- 
' m, it one in \\ hull th 
Framing and the verj unique bul taste 
Inl nid striking matting pi- >dui I ■! a 
harmonious effect or better suited the 
- 'f the photographs them • 
["here will he main a picture at the 
'.in American I t, but 

Fi w ndeed that will appi i >ai h the indi- 
vidual and collective merits of thi 

Pacific and Iron Mountain ex 
I'lu se photogi aphs are a pan ol 
the Postal Department's exhibit, show- 
ing scenery along the American postal 

•■ "!i 



WHAT'S NKW 

If in jewelry, you by © iming 

~l "ii can't ask for anything new 

in niir line that this store cannot supply. 

i' Inax, Jeweler, Peabod] Hotel Build- 

[emphis, Tenn. 



Botanic Blood Balm 

<b. B. B.) 

BEST SPRING REMEDY. 



It Gives Life, Vigor, and Strength 
to the Blood. 



CURES ALL BLOOD HUMORS ALTER ALL ELSE EAILS. 



Heals Eczema, Scrofula, Pimples, Boils, Bone 
Pains, Itching Skin. 



Do These Symptoms Appear ? 

ited, 
lifeless, and indescribably mis, ■ 
both physically and mentally; experience 
a sense of fullness or bloating aftei 
"goneness." or emptint 
stomach in the morning, tongue coated, 
bitter or bad taste -in mouth, irr, 
appetite, dizziness, frequent headaches, 
blurr, ':!. "'looting specks 

fore prostration or 

exhaustion, irritability of temper, hot 
Hushes alternating with chilly t 

sharp, biting transient pains here 
there, cold feet, drowsiness 
meals, wakefulness, or disturbed and un 
refreshing sleep, constant, indescri 
fecliii id, or of impendin. 

lamityf 

These symptoms indicate spring hu 
m the blood, and to cure, tal 
few large bottles of Botanic Blood Balm 
(B. B ' 

Ilo\V YOU FEEL Willi 
CI RED WITH B B. B. Follow direc 
tiotu for taking B. B. B., and when you 
begin to mend (which you surely will 

under the curative virtues of B B 

you w ill gain a pound a >■■ 

and body will be renewed, your eyes will 
lose that transparent glare they 1 
food will not distress you; you will 
your friends with a cheerful, i 
tenance; your wife and children will not 
dread to see you coming home. Then 
tell all your friends what Botanic Blood 
Balm ( B. B. B.I has done for you. 



BOTANIC Bl ' B VI M i B. B. 

B i icts powerfully upon the liver, and 

through that great blood-purifying organ 

Jl blood taints 

arising. It is equallv ling 

upon the kidneys and other exen 
organs, cleansing, strengthening, and 
healing their diseases \ an appetizing, 
'i promotes digestion 
and nutrition, thereby I uilding up both 
Resh and strength 

Ii you have Boils, Pimples, Eczema, 

Itching Skin. Achin Back, or 

. Scrofula. Blood Poison, (.'.nicer. 

Balm (B. B. B. |. It will heal i 
or eruption, make the blood pure and 
rich, giving it strength and vigor and 
making the si with pi 

health. 
B. B, I! thoroughly ti h,rty 

Sold at most drug stores, or by 

So 
■ rs may test I; I: B., a trial I 

free by writing Blood Balm 
77 Mitchi Ga. 

le, and free medical ad- 
vice given until cured Costs tlbthll 
try B. B. B., as medicine is sent pi' 

ii s not contain 
mineral poisons or merci i 
advertised remedies do), but is com- 
posed of Pure B The 
proprietor of this paper knows th 
B. B. is an old e that 
has ci 

of Bad Blood. Over three thousand 
voluntary testimonials of cure by taking 
Botanic Blood Balm 



90 



Qoi?f edera te l/eterap. 



SELF-SELLIXG JEWELRY. 
The bigger the business, the- less 
expenses. In no like store in the South 
is the cost of selling goods so little. 
Our goods in a large sense sell them- 
selves. Brodnax, Jeweler, Peabody Ho- 
Hotel Building. Memphis. Tens. 



THE CONFEDERATE HANDBOOK. 

The Confederate Handbook is a com- 
pilation of important events and other 
interesting matter relating to the great 
civil war. It is indorsed and recom- 
mended by Gens. Gordon, S. D. Lee, 
Cabell, Evans, Moorman, and many 
other distinguished Confederates. It is 
an invaluable aid and reference in the 
study of Confederate history, and 
should have a place in every library. 
The price of the book is twenty-five 
cents, supplied by the Veteran. 

Free for renewal and one new sub- 
scriber. 

ST. LOUIS TO SAX FRANCISCO. 

Pullman tourist sleeper leaves St. 
Louis 8: 15 p.m. Thursday, November 15, 
and every Thursday thereafter, via Iron 
Mountain Route, through Little Rock to 
Texarkana, Tex., and Pacific Railway 
through Dallas and Fort Worth to El 
Paso, Southern Pacific to Los Angeles 
and San'Francisco'without change. The 
ideal route for winter travel through the 
"Sunny South," avoiding ice and snow 
blockades. Special agent in charge of 
sleepers. 

Connection made with this excellent 
service at Little Rock, leaving Memphis 
(Iron Mountain Route) S p.m. every 
Thursday. Low Rates one way, and 
round trip to California points. 

For particulars, rates, free descriptive 
literature, map folders, etc., call on near- 
est ticket agent, or address R. T. G. 
Matthews, T. P. A., 304 W. Main Street, 
Louisville, Ky.; H. C. Townsend, G. P. 
and T. A., St. Louis, Mo. 



^/^■—Self-Closing Tobacco Pouch or Purse. 

i-makk. Never spills tobacco ur chid. Open 
and cloaea automatically. 
• iperated w itli one hand, 
leaving other free to hold 

!'i| r clgarei te papi r, 

*a Lasts a Uieiime. Made 
> in several stj lea. 8te b- 

m LIMQ SlLTEB COBNEUS; 

<"alf, Si. Hi; Kangaroo, 

pi $1.25; Seal, 51.36. Pj u> 

p Leatheb: Calf, 35 cts.; 

Kangaroo, .mi '-is.; Seal, 

fiu cis. if your dealer 

cannot furnish, send Ins 

bake and above price ami 

we will send pouch, post- 

USE AS .LLUSTRATED. pAln . N . |lo l,.j Nove|ty 

Mfg. Co., P. O. Box 1029 C, St. Louis, Mo. 

We make a specialty of experimenting, developing, improving. 
manufacturing, odvertlRtng, and selling patented articles of all 
kiods on commission. Write us. Rend for catalogue. 

See lliat tLe above TRADEMARK is on the spring. 



ARTIFICIAL LIMBS, 

With ail the latest known improvements, at 
greatly reduced prices. Satisfaction guaran 
teed. Send for circular. B.MATTHEWS, 
Cor. 4th Ave. & Market St., Louisville, Ky 






Low Rates to Texas. 

\At frecjGent intervals dur- 
ing 1901, round trip 
tickets will be sold via the 

Qpjton Kelt Route, 

uJfrpm Cairo and 

■^Memphis to points 

Arkansas, Louis- 

ha, Texas, and 

ndian and Okla- 

oma Territories, 

at. greatly reduced 

• rates. 

Tell us where you want to go ; also 
when you would like to leave, and we' 
* will tell you when you can secure one 
of the low-rate tickets and what it will 
•cost. We will also send you a complete 
.'schedule for the trip and an interesling 
: little book. "A Trip to Texas." 

W, 0. ADAMS, T. P. A.. Nashville. Term, 
I . W. LaBEAUME. G. P. and T. A., St Louis, % 



"No Trouble'* 

TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 



tm 



'%^,HAILWAYi^ 



Finest Passenger Service in 



TEXAS. 



TAKE OUR LINE AT 

TEXARKANA, 
SHREVEPORT, 
NEW ORLEANS. 

WRITE FOR BOOK ON TEXAS FREE. 



L. S. THORME, E. P. TURNER, 

V. P. and Gen. Mgr. G. P. and T. A. 
Dallas. Tex. 

The Life of Gen. N. B. Forrest, by Dr. 
J. A. Wyeth, is the most popular book 
ever offered by the Veteran. Send $4 
for the book and a year's subscription. 



STANDS PREEMINENT, 



Santa Fe 
Route 



And Represents the 

Best Obtainable Service, 

Superb Through Trains 
between 

Galveston, Houston, 
Dallas, Fort Worth, 
Austin, San Antonio. 

Pullman's Finest 

Vestibuled Observation Sleepers, 

Well- Appointed Day Coaches. 

Free Reclining Chair Cars. 

Rock Ballast Roadbed. 




SEND 



16 



CENTS 



By Mall | \J (if your 

druggist does not 

keep it) FOR A BOX OF.... 

Townsend's Corn Salve. 

Guaranteed to cure. 

G. E. TOWNSEND, M. D., 
Bowling Green, Ky 



Qopfederate l/eteran. 



91 



"LAND OF THE SKY." 

In Western North Carolina, between 
the Blue Ridge on the east and the Allc- 
ghanies on the west, in the beautiful val- 
ley of the French Broad, two thousand 
feet above the sea, lies Asheville, beau- 
tiful, picturesque, and world-famed as 
one of the most pleasant resorts in Amer- 
ica. It is a land of bright skies and in- 
comparable climate, whose praises have 
been sung by poets, and whose beauties 
of stream, valley, and mountain height 
have furnished subject and inspiration 
for the painter's brush. This is truly the 
"Land of the Sky," and there is perhaps 
no more beautiful region on the conti- 
nent to attract pleasure tourists or health 
seekers. Convenient schedules and very 
low rates to Asheville via the Southern 
Railway. 



For handsome picture of steamships 
and hotels, 30x40 inches, for {raining, 
send S cents in postage to B. W. Wrenn, 
Passenger Traffic Manager Plant Sys 1 
tern, Savannah, CJa. 



For beautifully illustrated deck of 
playing cards write B. \Y. Wrenn, Pa 
sejiger Traffic Manager riant System, 
Savannah, Ga., sending twenty-five cents 
in postage or cash. 

^ outhern Railway. 

6,888 MILES. 

ONE MANAGEMENT. 

Penetrating eight Southern States. Reach- 
ing principal cities of the Soutli 
with its own lines. 

Solid Vcstibulcd Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment. 
Fast Schedules. 

DINING CARS are operated on Southern Rail- 

_^^^^^_^^_^_ way trains. 

OBSERVATION CARS £" Washing 

^^^_^^^______^^^^_ Southwestern \ esti- 

bnled Limited, and 
Washington and Chattanooga Limited via Lynch 
burg. 

ELEGANT PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS 

of the latest pattern on all through trains. 

J. M. CULP, Traffic Manager, Washington, D. C. 
\V. A. TURK, Gen'l Pass. Agt., Washington. D. C. 
C. A. BENSCOTEK, Assistant General Passenger 

Agent, Chattanooga, Term. 

Cheap Texas Lands. 



The Man Antonio and Aransas Pass 
Railway covers Central and South Tex- 
as. Good lands. Reasonable prices. 
Mild and healthful climate. Address 
E. J. Martin, Gen'l Pass. Agent, San 
Antonio, Tex. 



^ ^BDr WC-fiJ0r1»0Hj EYEWATER 



Destroy the Germs; 
Cure the Disease! 




Sent on Three Days' Trial 



The Above illustration shows how the E.J. 
Worst Scientific Catarrh Inhaler sends the 
meilicated air into every air passage of the 
head. Nothing- but air can penetrate these fine 
air cells and reach the homes of the living 

§erms that cause disease. No snuff, powders, 
Otiche or spray can possibly reach them. 
Don't be deceived — make no mistake — apply 
common sense, and you will find thai 

E. J. Worst's Catarrh Inhaler 

is the only instrument that will fflve you ciuick. 
return for a small outlay, and perfect satisfac- 
tion as a Cure for Catarrh, Colds, Pains and 
Roaring In the Head, Bronchitis, Sore Throat, 
Headache, Partial Deafness, and all Diseases of 
the Air Passages. 

SPECIAL OFFER. 

For a short tune I will mail to any reader, 
naming this paper, one * t my new Sci< i 
Catarrh Inhalers, with medicine for one year 
on three days' trial free. If it gives satisfac- 
tion, send me $1.00; if not, return it after thre< 
days' trial. Could anv proposition be fairer? 

E. J, WORST, 5g2 Main Street. Ashland, 0, 

Not Sold by Druggists. AGENTS WANTED 

ICDCPTHPI CC fltwholopnlc. SUM) 
OrCw I HuLCO rorcatalog. Agents 
wanted. 001 1»TBE OPTICAL COb i hieuco.ltt 



Rife Hydraulic Engiixe 

pvimps water automatically by water 

power. Place this engine two feet 

or more below your water supply, and 

it will deliver a constant 

stream of w ater .■ 

of fall, 
Without Stopping. 
Without Attention. 
Chauncey C. Foster, Special Agent, 
JJO Church Street. Nashville, Tenn. 



'is^mmmmm 




EYAIISYUiL-TERRE HAUT&RR- 




THROUGH SERVICE 

Via L. & N., E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 

2Vestibuled Through Trains 41 
Daily, Nashville to Chicago m 

Through Battel Sleeping and Day Coaches, 

New Orleans i,, Chicago. 



F P JEFFRIES O. P. A. 
■ VAWSVILLB, IND. 



D. H Hiu.ua: 

NAiHVILLB 



S A. 

TBIfN 



ESTABLISHED 1867. INCORPORATED 1898. 

9he frank Andersen Produce *Ge. 

SOLICITS CONSIGNMENTS OF 

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. 



REFERENCE : 

ANY FIRM IN TOWN. 



PROMPT RETURNS. 



The Frank Anderson Produce Co., Nashville, Tenn. 



ONION SETS. 



FRITH 
6c CO., 



147 North Market Street, Nashville, Tenn. 



92 



Confederate l/eterai) 



l*.*^**9£***A***A*-*±*.**.*** 




A New Cure for Cancer. 



The Best 
Line 

From ST. LOUIS to 

Kansas City 
St. Joe 
Omaha 
Pueblo 
Denver 
and the 
Pacific Coa.st 
Only line operating 10 fast trains 
daily between St. Louis and Kan- 
sas Citv and connection to all 
Western points. Pullman Sleep' 
ers and Free Reclining Chair Cars 
on all trains. 

Little Rock and Hot Springs, 
Auk., all points in Texas, Old and 
New Mexico, Arizona, and Cali- 
fornia best reached vialronMoun' 
tain Route from St. Louis or Mem- 
phis. Elegant vestibuled trains 
with Pullman Sleepers, and Free 
Reclining Chair Cars double daily. 
Winter Tourist Rates now in effect 
Home'Seekers' Excursion Tickets for 
prospectors. Limited 21 days. On 
sale semimonthly. Through Pull' 
man Tourist Sleepers Weekly from 
St. Louis to Los Angeles and San 
Francisco, leaving St. Louis every 
Thursday 8:15 p.m., via Iron Moun' 
tain Route, 
Low Rates to All Western Points. 

For free descriptive literature, folders, 
r.ites, and general information regartlin^ 
Western trip, coniult nearest ticket agent 
or address 

R. T, G, MATTHEWS, T. P. A., 

304 West Main St., Louisville, Ky.; 

H. C. TOWNSEND, G. P. & T, A., 

St. Louis, Mo. 



Dr. Hathaway makes no chary:' 
glad to send free by mail his new bo<>l- 



Dr. HatUaway's Serum Treatment Removes all Malig- 
nant Growth and Drives the Poison from the 
Blood and Lymphatic Fluids. 

Cutting out Cancer doeG not cure it and cannot Cure it. 

Dr. Hathaway s Serum Treatment does cure it. Cutting out Cancer 
slmplj removes the )■».'', outward manifestation; Dr. Ihithaway's 
Treatment kills the malignant germBof the Cancer, removes the poison 

from the blood and lymphatic fluid, and immunes the system against 
future attacks. 

Dr. Hathaway has treated Cancer successfully under tins method 

over eight years! his experience, covering a lar^e number of well-de* 

.n this terrible affliction to be perfectly rumble IN 

EVERY CASE WHERE IT CAN BE REACHED BY THE 

SYRINGBi This includes all outward manifestations, such as the 

nose, face, heail, mouth, lips, tongue, and breast, as well as .ill internal 
1 h.it can be reached direct. Besides, many internal Cancers that 
cannot be reached direct, may be reached and treated successfully 
through the agency of the lymphatic vessels and the blood. 

Dr. I [athaway also treats, with the same guarantee of success, Ul- 
cers, Sores, all manner of Blood Poisoning, and all chronic diseases of 

■ d w omen. 
for consultation or advice, either at his office or by mail. He will be 
n Cancer and its cure to any address. 



J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M.D. 

IDII. HATHAWAS V CO.l. 
420 K - Main Street, Cleveland Block, MEMPHIS, TEHN. 



pi k B09Q THE ONLY FOUNTAIN PEN IN THE WORLD 

[J I /%■ |\ ^J having a year's supply of the Best Ink FREE, right in the 
penholder, insuring ink anywhere. Requiring water 
only to fill. Cartridges (r) to renew supply, 10 cents each. . 



Colors, Red, Green, Blue, and Black Copying. Price, $1.75 Upward. 

Ordinary ink can also be used. Holders jointless. Non-Leakable. Never smears 
ink on the part held by the fingers, as pens with large caps do. Gold pens the best. 
This remarkable per will lie sent as a premium for three Veteran subscriptions. 

iliiiiiiiiiiililiiiinijiiiiiiMiiiiiMliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiilliiiiliiiimiiiiiilliiiiiilllllilimiiiliieiiiiiiiiiMiliimMt 

2 Design for X'. C. V. button patented for exclusive use of United Con- 
z federate Veteransjuly h, 1896. 

Lapel Button, Gold, each $1 00 

Lapel Button, Plated, each 

Uniform Button, Coat Size, per dozen 

Uniform Button, Vest Size, per dozen 

Send remittance with order for buttons. 





LAPEL BUTTON. . . . 

Information furnished in regard to regu- 
lation uniforms, uniform material, and insignia of rank. 
Address J. F. SH1PP, Q. M. Gen. U. C. V.'s, Chattanooga, Tenn. 



UNIFORM BUTTON. 



-MIIIIIIIMMI 1 1 111 1 1 ill 



IIIIIUIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIlllllllHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII iiinir 




Cash Paid for Old Used Envelopes and Stamps. 

Confederate States Provisional Stamps. 

These Stamps Were Issued in 1861 by the Postmasters of the Different 

Cities as Follows : 

Albany, Ga. ; Athens, Ga. ; Atlanta, Ga.; Enos,Ga.; Augusta, Ga. ; Autaugaville, Ala.; 
Baton Rouge, La.; Beaumont, Tex. ; Bridgeville, Ala.; Charleston, S. C; Columbia, 
S. C; Columbus, Ga.; Danville, Va.; Emory, Va.; Franklin, N. C; Fredericks- 
burg, Va.; Goliad, Tex.; Greenville, Ala.; Greenwood, Va.; Grove Hill, Ala.; Helena, 
Tex.; Independence, Tex.; Jetersville, Va.; Jpnesboro, Tenn.; Kingston, Tenn., 
Knoxville, Tenn.; Lenoir, N. C; Lexington, Miss.; Livingston, Ala.; Lynchburg, 
Va.; Macon, Ga.; Marion, Ya.; Memphis, Tenn.; Milledgeville, Ga.; Mobile, Ala.; 
Nashville, Tenn.; New Orleans, La.; New Smyrna, Fla.; Petersburg, Va.; Pittsyl- 
vania C. H., ().; Pleasant Shade, Ya.; Raleigh, N. C; Rheatpwn, Tenn.; Salem, 
N. C; Salem, Ya.; Salisbury, X. C; Selma, Ala.; Spartanburg, S. C; Statesville, 
N.C.; Tellico Plains, Team.; Tuscumbia, Ala.; Tuscaloosa, Ala.; Uniontown, Tenn.; 
Victoria, Tex.; and other cities not nentioned in this list. 

We Are Ready to Pay Highest Cash Prices for Any of Above. 

We issue a list showing how most of these old stamps look and prices WE PAY 
FOR THEM. This List Contains 30 Packs, and will be sent absolutely FREE 
on receipt of 2-Cent Stamp foi; Postage. 

You can make money hunting old stamps, and this list tells von « here to look for 
them. It costs you nothing, why not send for list and try'your luck? 

C. E. HUSSMAN STAMP CO., ST. LOUIS, MO. 



Confederate l/eterai). 



93 



TJhe Smith ^Premier TJi/pewreter 

jCeado them all. 




&0r Catalogue, {Prices, ete. } address 

Sftrando;* trriniiny Company, 



sW rm/er by permission to tA* 
cVd/tor or* ' tho 2S<rtoran- 



9fashv*H9 t *G+nt*. 




*~<il5 - 



yd 




A Crand Arrrv vc'rrnn, who since the war has been in the grocery tTade in Tru- 
maif-burg, N. V., recently endured a series of troubles which seem worse than the 
hardesl campaigning. " Last March when I started taking Ripaps Tabules I was a 
v i ) sick man," he says. " I was suffering from dyspepsia and catarrh of the stomach. 
There was nothing I took that seemed Co help me, and I continued to get worse. I had 
no appetite, and what food I did eat would not digest. I could not sleep nights, and 
at times it seemed to me 1 would go crazy with the terrible headache from which I suf- 
fered. I commenced to get better right away after I began to lake the Tabules. My 
appetite is now very good antl I can eat anything and it don't distress me. The head- 
ache has disappeared. I sleep good al night. In fact, I feel like a different man. I 
can't say enough in praise of Ripans Tabules, and I mean to keep a supply on hand. 
I am a veteran and a member of the O. A. R. Mv age is fifty-one years. To any 
one who is suffering fr ni indigestion and dyspepsia my advice is to try Ripans Tabules. 
They will help you and do you good." 

Ill riot heneflt. The. hn,il*n mln eri'l prolong life. 



TTTANTEn:-A cnae of hnil health tl.nt RIPANS 

tt One glret relief Mow the word k i-ta-n-s on the packon »'"' 



pMn eri'l . 

ilMilnl. I. K 1 ("A N *, 
urn. .ni as «>H be miuledi# 



iii for f, ■ mi* maj be lied el uu drug store. Ten aamnhf end <■ 

ftaiy addius. lur D cs nLs^ Foi warded U. the lilpau* CUeuiica) Co., Nt>. 'u Spruce au, >ew \ oik- 




from 



JACKSONVILLE 

via Plant System, from Tifton via Georgia 

Southern ana* Florida Ry. t from Macon 

via Central of Georgia Rj', t from 

ATLANTA 

via Western and Atlantic R. R.,from 

CHATTANOOGA 

and 



NASHVILLE 

via the Nashville^ Chattanooga , and St, Louit Ry 
arriving at 

ST. LOUIS 



over the Illinois Central R, R. from 
Martin, Tenn, 



Double Daily Service 

and 

Through Sleeping Cars 

maintained over this 

SCENIC LINE. 



Ticket agents of the Jacksonville. St. Louis line, 
and agents of connecting lines In Florida and the 
Southeast, will give too full Information as to 
schedules of this double dally service to St. Louis 
and the northwest, and of train time of lines con- 
necting. They will also sell you tickets and advise 
you as to rates, 

WM. MURRAY, . NEW ORLEANS. LA., 

Division Passenger Agent, I. C. K. R. 

R.W.SCHOYER, - • - ATLANTA, GA,, 

Traveling Passenger Agent, L C. R. R. 



fc 



H. HANSON. G. P. A., Chicago, HI. 
. A. KELLOND, A. G. P. A., LoolevlUe, Ky. 

IlXOTOlfi cgjo-ruu. OWI.HOAD. 



^e. ^^ ■■. A Send up foot nddrese 

tr> ■ ■ t% llau Viipa " | " 1 »•■"' 

X ale O UuIUylB iiovt.nubfi.j., 

alt M~J "* # w "*" w al»olutcly 

*W ^U^T furnish .vork in 

i fan lire. 8 ' we*ID 

exptetB the bulillMe folly, remember we guarantee arloi\r profit 
nftifiT.o letyeore. u h it onoe. 

Hot it. JltMltllllllM. 10., II i2(38. Uetrolt, Jlieb. 



THE SHORTEST AND QUICKEST 
line to Denver is from St. Louis via the 
Missouri Pacific Railway, leaving St. 
Louis at 9 a.m. and arriving at Denver 
at II o'clock the next morning — only one 
night out. Pullman sleepers, superior 
service. For complete information ad- 
dress R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A.. 
Louisville, Ky. ; or H. C. Townsend, G. 
P. and T. A., St. Louis, Mo. 



94 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterag. 



Great Opportunities for 
Homes in Texas. 

The country traversed bv the 
International and Great Northern 
Railroad, embracing the greater 
portion of East, South, and South- 
west Texas, contain- thousands 
of acres of fertile land especially 
adapted to general farming, stock- 
raising, rice, tobacco, fruit, and 
grape culture, trucking, mining, 
and lumber manufacturing, that 
can be purchased at low rates and 
on exceedingly liberal terms. 

The Illustrator 

and General Narrator, 



a handsomely illustrated month- 
ly magazine, published by the 
I. & G. N. R. R., 

Sent Free 

to any address on receipt of 25c 
to cover a year's postage, or 2c 
for sample copy, contains reliable 
information regarding this mat- 
ter. Address 

D. J. PRICE, G. P. & T. A., 

Palestine, Texas. 

PLEASE MENTION THIS PAPER. 



HUSTLING YOUNG MAN ran make 860 per 
month and expenses. Permanent position. Expe- 
rience unnecessary. Write quick for particulars. 
Clark & Co., 4th and Locust Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 



BigF 



our 



to 



1901 

Pan=American 

Exposition 

[ Big Four Route in connection with \ 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern and 1 
I New York Central R.R. odors the finest I 
\ equipped train service at frequent in- J 
Itervals to Buffalo from South & West. J 

M. B. Ingalls, President. 

Warren J, Lynch, Cenf. Pass. Agt. 

W.P.Deppe.A.C.P.A. 

Cincinnati. ^j£?Sg£9 



BETWEEN 
ST. LOUIS 

AND 

TEXAS 

AND 

MEXICO. 



THE 

l.&G.N. 



BETWEEN 
BIRMINGHAM. 
MERIDIAN 

AND 

TEXAS 

VIA SHREVEPORT. 



The International and Great Northern 
Railroad Company 

IS THE SHORT LINE. 



Through Cars and Pullman Sleopera 

i>;iil\. superior Passenger Servioe. 
Fast Trains and Modern Equipment. 

IF YOU ARE GOING ANYWHERE, 

Ask I. and G. N. Lgents tor Com- 
plete Ini irmation, or Write 

D. J. PRICE, 

General Pa wiger and Ticket a p at ; 

U. PRICE, 

•2A Vim President and Qenortl Superinlendenl ; 



PALESTINE, TEX. 



BETWEEN 
KANSAS 

CITY, 
TEXAS, 

AND 

MEXICO. 



THE 

l.&G.N. 



BETWEEN 
MEMPHIS 

AND 

TEXAS 

AND 

MEXICO. 



Winter Resorts. 



Texas, New and Old Mexico 
best reached via 



Iron 



Mountain 

from 



Route 



ST. LOUIS, CAIRO, or MEMPHIS. 

Three F'ast Trains Daily from St. Louis. 
Two Fast Trains Daily from Memphis. 
Through Pullman Sleepers and Elegant 
Free Reclining Chair Cars on all trains. 
Quickest route and best service to 

Texas and the West, 



Reduced Winter Tourist rates in effect 
November i, 1900, to April 30, 1901. 
Tickets on sale daily. Final return limit 
June 1, 1 901. 

Home-Seeker Excursion tickets on sale 
via Iron. Mountain Route to Western 
Points Semimonthly. One fare plus $2 
round trip, limited 21 days. 

For particulars, rates, free descriptive 
literature, map folders, etc., consult near- 
est ticket agent, or address 

R. T. Q. MATTHEWS, 

T. P. A., 304 W. Main St., Louisville, Ky. 

H. C. TOWNSEND, 

G. P. and T. A., St. Louis, Mo. 

American Bread Company, 

619-621 CHURCH ST.. 
.NASHVILLE. TENN. 

BLUE SEAL BREAD. 

"Cleanest Bakery in the world." Ask 
your grocer for it. Sold in live Slates. 

CDCf-THPI EC atwholesale. Send 
OrCU I HuLCS rorrataloR. Afrents 

wanted. C01LTKR0PIICAL CO. Chicago, 111. 




"©ne Countrg, 
. . . ©ne JFlag. 



The .... 

BEST PLACE 

to Purchase .... 

Flags, Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps, 

and all kindsof Military Equipment it at 

J. A. JOEL & CO., 
88 Samsau St net, SEW TOMK. 

SEND FOR PEICE LIST 
Confederate Flags in Silk, Bunting, and Muslin, 

Does Your Roof Leak? | 



i 



OLD ROOFS MADE GOOD AS NEW. 

If an old leaky tin, iron, or steel roof, 

Baint it with Allen's Anti-Kust Japan. 
ne coat is enough; no skill required; 
costs little, goes far, and lasts lone. Stops 
leaks and prolongs the life of old roofs. 
Write for evidence raid circulars. Agents 
wanted. Allen Anti-Rust Mfg. Co., 
413 Vine Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 






0, 
kli 
it/ 
\\l 



SALESMEN WANTED. 

Traveling Men desiring a salable side line of 
well-established staple goods (nit requiring the 
carrying of samples) — commission 20 and 20 — 
address MANUFACTURER, P. O. Box 153, 
Covington, Ky. 



S?»l5MW!50|ljEYEWATER 



"BIG FOUR," 

BEST LINE TO 

CHICAGO. 



Wagner Sleeping Cars, Private Com- 
partment Sleeping Cars, Parlor 
Cars, and Elegant Coacnes. 
Dining Cars. 



.Union Depot, Cincinnati. 

No Transfer across the City. 



e. 0. Mccormick, warren j. lynch, 

Pass. Traffic Mgr., A. G. P. and T. A., 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 



Are You Going ? 

Whenever you visit Florida or 
Cuba, by whatever route you travel, 
see tha"t tickets read by Plant 
System. 

For information as to Railways, 
Steamships, and Hotels, address 

B. W. Wrenn, Passenger Traffic Manager, 
SAVANNAH, GA. 



Qoofederate l/eterar; 



95 



Enjoy Your Breakfast, 

BY USING OUR NEW STANDARD 




IT IS IS DEED A RARE TREAT. 

It is packed in ABSOLUTELY AIR- 
TIGHT TRADE-MABK BAGS, which 

will preserve n><' Btrcngtli i flavor for 

anv length of t line. 
WHEN IN NEW YORK < II \ don'l fail to 
H VNDSOM1 ST AND CL1 V.NES'1 

TEA STORE in America. It has I i entirely 

remodeled— new front, new entra 

. k, etc. II is well worth 
Igents make 'J.~> per cent t»\ Belling our 
celebrated TEAS and 0O1 I BES. 

All Orders, by Mail or Telephone, US' Cortlandt, 
Will Reo ivc Prompt Attention. 

The Great American Tea Company, 

31 and 33 Vosey St., corner Church St., 
NEW YORK. P. O. Box 289. 




Buy Your Flour 

From MERCHANTS Who Handle the 
Brands Made by the 

CUMBERLAND MILLS, 



NASHVILLE, TENN. 

Their Best Patent Flour Is Put Up under the 
Following Brands: 

"CANOPY," 

"HARVEST-KING," 
"GRANONA," 
"LUXURY," 

"LAME-MILLER." 

THIS FLOUR WILL MAKE MORE AND BETTER BREAD 
THAN YOU CAN BUY FOR THE SAME MONEY. 



THE MULDOON MONUMENT CO., 

322, 324, 326, 328 GREE\ STREET, LOUISVILLE, kY. 



'OLDEST AND MOST RELIABLE HOUSE IN AMERICA.) 



Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 

States. These monuments cos' from five to thirty thousand dollars. The 

following is a partial list of monuments they have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 



Cynthiana, Ky. 
Lexington, Ki . 
Louisville, Kj . 
Raleigh, N. C. 
J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

Helena. Ark. 
Helena, Ark. 
Macon. Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
rhomasville, Ga. 
. . Ga. 



Dalton, Ga. 

ille, Tenn. 

Columbia, Tenn. 

Shelbyville, Tenn. 

Franklin, Trim. 

Kentucky State Monument, 
Chickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
mauga Park, Ga. 

Winchester, Va. 



When needing first-class, plain, or artistic work made from the finest qual- 
ity of material, write them for designs and prices. 




As Spring 
Approaches 

the Busy Housewife Has 
Lots of Planning to Do. 

Don't get loo busy to think of us, 
of our NEW ENTERPRISE 
STOVES, of our NATIONAL 
STEEL RANGES, LAWN 
VASES, and VRNS, SETTEES, 
CHAIRS, s^nd HAMMOCKS. 

Tinware. Tableware, Fine China, and 
Glassware, Crockery. Lamps, Chande- 
liers, Mantels and Grates, Refrigera- 
tors, Oil and Gasoline Stoves, Clocks, 
Baby Carriages. Etc. «5 « « « «, 



Look Out for Our New- 
Line of SQVARE 
ENTERPRISE 
COOK STOVES. 




Write Vs for Catalogues of Any 
Department that Interests You. 

Phillips «L Buttorff 

Ma.iuiffa.ct\irmf£ Company, 
NASHVILLE, TENN. 



w 



E ARE NOW PREPARED 
TO SEUVE YOU WITH 



Sewing Machines 

Jobbers a,nd Retailers of DOMESTIC, 

NEW HOME, DEFIANCE, EM- 
PIRE, a,nd our own ENTERPRISE 
and ART ENTERPRISE. 



Southern Distributors for the Leading Manufacturers. A Full Line 
of Supplies, Repairs, and Attachments for All Kinds of Machines 
Made. V Gfie Most Complete KXPAIR SHOP thaj Ca_n Be Found. 



We Guarantee 
the Ma.ker's 
Guarantee for 
Ten Yea.rs. 




Our ENTERPRISE MACHINE is Strictly High-Arm. It has Automatic 

Bobbin Winder, Tension Release, Self-Threading 

Steel Cylinder Shuttle, very large Bobbin, Loose Pulley, Oil Cup, and all the latest 
improvements, including a full set of Steel Attachments. 

Our ART ENTERPRISE is Slriet, » High-Arm. It has Self-Setting 

■ ■ Needle, Positive Feed, Automatic Bobbin 

Winder, Self-Threading Shuttle, with full set of Improved Extra Attachments in 
Plush-Lined Metal Box. Finely Ornamented with Nickeled Fly Wheel, Beautiful 
Bent Wood Cover, Drop-Leaf or Drop-Head Attachment, Finished in Figured Oak. 



mS 



Phillips <& Buttorff Mfg. Co., 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 



WHEN WRITING MENTION THE VETERAN. 



Vol. 9- 



NASHVILLE, TENN., MARCH, 1901 



No. 3. 




l-roni pnoloowned by M.ii- B. C. Lewis. 
WARTIME SCENE ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER, 1862. STEAMBOATS WITH FEDERAL SUPPLIES. 



The above is a view From life — real active war life — 
of the wharf of Nashville, Tenn., December 18, 1862, 
showing a line of transports reaching from the foot 
of Broad Streel to the lower end of the wharf. [Tiere 
are eight steamboats in all. The artist caught only 
the stern of the first boat, hence its name is no1 dis- 
cernible. The second boat is the Mercury, then a 
Famous Ohio river packet, the third is Lizzie Martin. 
the fourth the Palestine, also a famous and fancy 
Ohio river packet. The Palestine has a hole in her 
prow just above water line, which the ship carpenter 
is repairing as he stands in a yawl. It can't he that 
Tom Napier made this with one of his wooden guns 
with which he used to scare and capture the govern 
ment transports. The fifth steamboat is the Reveille, 
the sixth the Irene, the seventh the Belle Peoria, of 
St. Lonis, the eighth the Rob Roy. 

Snow covers the ground, while the snow is covi 
with nine barrels of whisk) supposed t<> be "Cincin- 
:: 



nati rotgut," for the "govemTnent's own," with a lot 
of sugar and molasses to mix with the whisky and 
acres of flour, coffee, and hardtack in boxes stenciled 
'Piloi Bread from U. S. Government Bakery, Evans- 
ville. Tnd.," a brand quite familiar to many an old 
Confederate who depended on capturing his daily 
bread from the enemy rather than troubling the good 
Lord about so small a need. 

At the corner of Front and Broad half a dozen men 
with army overcoats stand in the cold. Farther down, 
against the houses, is a group of staff officers mounted 
on gray horses. Nearer the river a few scattered men 
stand about, not a soul is in sight on the boats, > 
one man checking the manifest of the Mercury. 

Across the river there is nol a house in sight, while 
u. iw for more than a mile along Bridge Avenue. Fa 
therland, and Woodland Streets there are blocks and 
blocks of buildings. This is now East Nashville. 

Such scene- ,ire familial to Confederate prisoners. 



JOYCE 

ON ELECTRIC LAW 

Covering the law governing all 
electric corporations, uses and 
appliances; also all relative, pub- 
lic, and private rights 

By JOSEPH A. JOYCE 
and HOWARD C. JOYCE, 

OVER 1,000 PAGES. PRICE, S6.S0 Net. 



The work Is exhaustive, li con- 
siders principles. It illustrates 
by decisions. It includes all the 
electric rulings and decisions to 
date of returning the last proof 
sheets to press 

Fhe E. Mitchell Law BookCo., 

s= WHEELING, W. VA. 



The San Antonio and Aransas Pass 
Railway covers Central and South Tex- 
as. Good lands. Reasonable prices. 
Mild and healthful climate. Address 
E. J. Martin, Gen'l Pass. Agent, San 
Antonio, Tex. 



| New Orleans, f 

jj THE MOST POPULAR 
WINTER RESORT IN 
THE SOUTH S 

Tke New St Charles 



HOTEL. 

THE LATEST, LAR' 
GEST, AND BEST. 

ABSOLVTEL Y FIREPROOF. 

The only fireproof Hotel in the 
city. Accommodations for seven 
hundred guests. One hundred and 
fifty private bath rooms. Luxuri- 
ous Turkish, Russian, Roman, and 
plain baths. Distilled drinking 
water. Distilled water ice. A 
modern hotel.- First-class in every 
respect. American and European 
plan. Moderate prices. 



Cheap Texas Lands. ^ 



PROPRIETORS. 



t 



A 

Round-Trip 
Ticket to 

Mempnis Confederate veierans' 



ERNEST MILTENBERGER. T. j. WOODWARD, 

President. Vice President 

SCOTT McGEHEE, Secretary. 



The Southern 
Insurance Company 

of New Orleans. 



FIRE, 

RIVER, 
MARINE. 



Cash Capital, 
$300,000. 

Established 
1882. 



314 CAMP ST., 
NEW ORLEANS. LA. 



Write COTTON PLANTERS' JOURNAL, Memphis, Tenn. 



Regularly admitted and doing busi- 
ness in the States of Delaware, Arkan- 
sas, North Carolina, Texas, Tennessee, 
South Carolina, Missouri, Mississippi, 
Alabama, Florida, Louisiana. 

.,„! BUSINESS 

w college. 

3d floor Cumberland Presbyterian Pub. House. 
NASHVILLE, TENN. 
A practical school of established repntatlo*. 
No catchpenny methods. Business men recota. 
mend this College. Write for cirrulare. Men* 
iion this paper. AddresB 

E. W. JE2JNING8 Priucipai- 




Buy Your Flour 

From MERCHANTS Who Handle the 
Brands Made by the 

CUMBERLAND MILLS, 



NASHVILLE, TENN. 

Their Best Patent Flour Is Put Up under the 
Following Brands: 

"CANOPY," 

"HARVEST-KING," 
"GRAN0NA," 
"LUXURY," 

"LAME-MILLER." 

THIS FLOUR WILL MAKE MORE AND BETTER BREAD 
THAN YOU CAN BUY FOR. THE SAME MONEY. 



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0OD LU CK 



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ARCH BY SITE ON Wrt,t_r1 THE HERO WAS EXECUTED 



HOLLYWOOD MONUMENT. RICHMOND 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IX THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERAL \i rERANS \M» KINDRED rOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter, 

Contributors are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to ahbre% i- 
ate :>s much as practicable* The shorter the article the i i 

Don *t send newspapers marked* Clip the article and inclose it with letter. 

The date ton subscription is alwaj 5 given to the month brforeW ends. For 
Instance, if the V 'r rERAN is ordered t.> begin with January, the date 
lisi will be December] and the subscriber Is entitled to that number. 

Advertising rates furnished on application. They are very low. 



The civil war was t"o long ago to be 
respondents use that term "• 



e called the latt war, and when cor* 
the w ord^ftai will be substituted* 



OFFICIALLT REPRESENTS: 

\ "mii '.:... ure, 

I'mih' Daughters 01 l fbderacy, 

Sons of Vi rERANs, wtd Other Organ] 



The Veteran is approved and indorsed officially '" 



• r and more 
elevated patronage, doub'tli .1 1 any er publication in existence. It is 
faithful to the great trust committed to it by the Southern pi 

1 deserve, they may not win succei 
rave will honor the dta\ e, vanquished none thi 



Price, $1.00 tkrYkar. \ v„, tv 
Sinhlb Copt, 10 Cents. \ * OL * 1 - v * 



NASHVILLE, TENN., MARCH, 1901, 



xt ■• IS. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
i>u. ■>. j Proprietor. 



FORREST MONUMENT FUND. 

A committee comprised of R. J. Black, Chairman: 
George Daslmll. J. M. Williams. A. H. 1). Perkins, 
and Dr. A. L. Elcan, at Memphis, send an address to 
all Confederate soldiers, camps, bivouacs, and other 
interested associations and individuals : 

The following resolution was adopted at a meeting 
of Camp No. 28, Confederate Historical Vssocriation 
of Memphis. Tenn., held in Forrest Memorial Hall, on 
Tuesday, February 1 2, [901, concerning the eques 
trian monument to be erected in honor of Gen. Nathan 
Bedford Forrest in said city — viz.: 

Resolved, that it is the sense of this meeting that 
immediate steps be taken toward the Forresl monu- 
ment, in this city, so that the corner stone may he laid 
during the Coming May reunion. 

Thereupon a committee was appointed to assist in 
forwarding such movement by conferring with all as- 
sociations and individuals who have this matter in 
view, and advising with them as to methods to be 
pursued from time to time unt : ' the aforesaid monu- 
ment is completed and unveiled to the world. 

We are read\ to cooperate with all who may be in 
terested, and i\>> all in our power to bring this grand 
enterprise to a cl< us 

Please determine as to w li.it you can give or raise 
toward such, and notify this committee, the Ladies' 
Memorial Association, or the Forrest Monumental 
Association of Memphis, Tenn., as early as practicable. 
Money, stone. OT marble will be acceptable. 
OFFICIAL ORDER AM) LETTER. 

neral Order No. 4. issued from Murfreesboro, 
Tenn.. March 28, loot, by the A. A. G., announces 
the staff of .\laj. Gen. D, C. Keller. Commanding. It 
names as surviving members of Lieut. Gen. Forrest's 
staff, with appropriate titli - : 



( harles W. Anderson, A. A. G.. Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Dr. I. B. Cowan. Chief Surgeon, Tullahoma, Tenn. 

John \V. Morton, Chief of Artillery, Nashville, Tenn. 

George Dashiell, Chief Paymaster, Memphis, Tenn. 

Win. M. Forrest, Vid-de-Camp, Memphis, Tenn. 

Sam Donelson, Vid-de-Canip, Washington, D. C. 

Appointments by the Major General Commanding: 

G. L. Cowan, Chief Quartermaster, Franklin, Tenn. 

D. C. Stales. Wsi. Quartermaster, Nashville. Tenn. 

W. A I oilier, Inspector General. Memphis, Tenn. 

John C. 1 iooeh. thief Commissary, Jackson, Tenn. 

( rilbert Anderson, Asst. Gh'f Com., Jackson. Tenn. 

D. C Jones, Chief of Ordnance, Memphis, Tenn. 

E S. Walton, Chief of Engineers, Sardis, Miss. 

Dr. L P. 1 fanner, W-t. ( nief Surg., Franklin, Tenn. 

T. B. Turley, J. A. Gen., Memphis, Tenn. 

Wm. Richardson, Asst. J. A. Gen., Huntsville, Ala. 

Hamilton Parkes, Nashville, H. J. Livingston, 
Brownsville, Geo. F. Hager, Nashville, J. F. Holt. 
Memphis, Aid de-Camp. 

Dr. John A. Wyeth. Historian. New York, N. Y. 

R. H. Mahon, Chaplain, Memphis, Tenn. 

The present 1 irgani :atii m 1 >f t he ( < >rps is as follows : 

Mai. Gen. D. C. Kelley, Commanding Corps. 

Mai. Gen Crce If. Bell, Com'd'g First Division. 

First Brigade: Brig Gen. Robert MoCullouch, 
Composed of Bell's old Tennessee Brigade and all 
other veterans nol otherwise assigned. 

Second Brigade: Brig. Gen. J. C. L.lanton. Com- 
posed of all Mississippi veterans. 

Mai Gen. Edmund W. Rucker, Commanding, Sec- 
md 1 >i\ isi< 'ii. 

First Brigade: Gen. Baxter Smith. Composed of 
Middle 'I emu-see and Alabama veterans. 

Second Brigade: Brig. Gen. G. A. C. Holt. Com- 
posed of Kentucky and all West Tennessee veterans, 
1 pi Bell's old brigade. 



100 



Confederate l/eterar? 



The only change from the original organization is 
that the division numbers were reversed. No change 
is made in brigade assignments. 

Circular Letter No. i is "to commanders and to ev- 
ery soldier who, at any time, served with Forrest :" 

i. By invitation of the city of Memphis and the 
special courtesy of our General Commanding the As- 
sociation of United Confederate Veterans, the reunion 
of Forrest's Cavalry Corps for lyoi will be held at 
Memphis, Tenn., on the 28th, 29th, and 30th of May. 

2. In addition to the collection of historical inci- 
dents and the encouragement of good comradeship, 
our corps organization of Forrest veterans contem- 
plates and purposes the erection of an equestrian 
statue to our great leader at the earliest date possible. 

3. The circulars of the Forrest Monumental Com- 
mittee of the Historical Society, and those also of the 
Women's Forrest Statue Association, having been 
extensively published, attention is called to Para 1 
graph III. of Circular Letter No. 142, issued by Gen. 
George Moorman, Adjutant General of the U. C. V., 
of March 16. 

"III. Forrest's Cavalry Corps will attend the Mem- 
phis reunion in a body, and in order that due honor 
shall be paid to them and to the memory of their 
great leader, and as Memphis was his home, the Gen- 
eral Commanding announces that Thursday, the 30th 
day of May. the third day of the reunion, which will be 
the day of the parade also, shall be designed as 'Forrest 
Day,' and on which day it is expected that the corner 
stone of this great 'Equestrian Monument' will also 
be laid." 

4. It seems to be the unanimous desire of comrades 
that the corner stone of the Forrest Monument at 
Memphis be laid as proposed in the above paragraph ; 
therefore, all soldiers of Gen. Forrest are directed and 
urged to be present in parade on "Forrest Day," 
Thursday, May 30th — mounted, if possible. 

5. Blank forms of subscription are sent out. and it 
is earnestly urged that all commanders distribute them 
to staff and line officers ; also that they extend to all 
Forrest veterans an opportunity to contribute to the 
erection of an enduring monument to the memory of 
our renowned commander. 



o. A report of all subscriptions made or obtained by 
those to whom subscription blanks are sent should be 
made to these headquarters at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 
not later than the 25th day of May, or at headquarters 
thereafter to be established at Memphis, Tenn., until 
May 31, so that the same may be reported to die For- 
rest Monumental Committee, by Col. George Dashiell, 
Paymaster. 

By order of Maj. Gen. D. C. Kelley ; Charles W. 
Anderson. Assistant Adjutant General. 



United 5095 of (^federate l/eterar^. 

Biscoe Hindman, Commander in Chief United Sons 
of Confederate Veterans, writes from Louisville : 

Please note as a matter of news that, under the able 
administration of Division Commander W. M. Kava- 
naugh, of Little Rock, the State of Arkansas is being 
rapidly organized. Already we have large and suc- 
cessful Camps at Pine Bluff, Arkadelphia, Helena, 
Little Rock, El Dorado, Evening Shade, and Fayette- 
ville, and have large Camps in process of organization 
at Batesville, Camden, Mountain Home, Elmo, and 
Fort Smith. Gen. Kavanaugh is County and Probate 
Judge at Little Rock, and will be at the Memphis 
reunion with his entire staff. 

The Sons at Helena. Auk. — R. T. Pitchford, 
Adjutant of the W. E. Moore Camp, No. 135, Helena, 
Ark., United Sons of Confederate Veterans, writes : 

On the 12th hist, our Camp held a meeting. Com- 
mandant John I. Moore tendered his resignation on 
account of his having been appointed on the staff of 
the commander in chief, and Comrade R. C. Burke 
was elected to succeed him. There were nine new 
members added to the roster. Miss Josephine Moore 
was elected sponsor for the Camp for the Memphis 
reunion, and she has appointed Miss Jennie Pillow 
and Miss Jessie Thompson as her maids of honor. 
Mrs. Jerome B. Pillow was. appointed chaperon. A 
committee was also appointed to solicit funds to as- 
sist in building a monument to the heroic women of 
the Confederacy. These committees will report at 
our next meeting, at which time we will make 
an order for badges. We expect to have a member- 
ship of at least sixty. 




MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES PARK COMMISSION SHILOH BATTLEFIELD AND OF FOURTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



(Confederate l/eterai). 



101 



W. M. Kavanaugh, Major General Commanding 
Arkansas Division of United Sons of Confederate Vet- 
erans, was born in Greene County, Ala., March 3, 
1866. He is the son of Rev. H. H. and Mrs. Anna M. 
Kavanaugh. His father was a Methodist preacher, 




W. M. KAVANAUGH. 



and one of the chaplains of the Orphan Brigade. He 
was reared in Kentucky, and educated at the Ken- 
tucky Military Institute during the period that Bis- 
coe Hindman, Commander in Chief of the Sons, was 
Professor of Mathematics. He moved to Arkansas 
on leaving school. The mercantile business gave him 
the 'first employment, and from that he drifted into 
journalism at Little Rock, and for ten years was con- 
nected with the Arkansas Gazette, and during t lie last 
seven years of his connection with the Gazette was the 
manager. He left the Gazette to become sheriff and 
collector of Pulaski County, the largest in the State. 
holding that office four years. He is now county and 
probate judge. In 1889 he was married to Miss Ida 
Floyd, at Clarksville, and five children — three boys 
and two girls — have blessed their union. Gen. Hind- 
man appointed him Commander of the Arkansas Divi- 
sion of Sons of Veterans, and lie and his Adjutant 
General, Robert G. Pillow, have been active in organ- 
izing the Sons of Veterans. They expect Arkansas 
to make the best showing of any State at the Memphis 
reunion. 

Fontaine Broun, of Charleston, Kanawha County. 
W, Va., was appointed in June, iqoo, Division Com- 
mander for West Virginia United Sons of Confeder 
ate Veterans bv Biscoe Hindman, Commander in 
Chief U. S. C. V. 

Ilis father, Thomas 1.. Broun, as major in the Con 
federate army, was dangerously wounded May 0. 1864, 
in the battle of Cloyd's Mountain, near Dublin Depot, 
Va., but recovered. He still lives and is actively en- 
gaged at the law in Charleston, W. Va. 



Fontaine Broun is of Scotch and French descent. 
There are many branches of the Broun family of the 
same Scotch descent in South Carolina, Alabama, and 
other parts of the South, and also many branches of 
the Fontaine family, descendants of' the French 
Huguenots, in Virginia and other parts of the United 
States. 

Fontaine Broun graduated with the degree of 
B.S. at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute. Auburn, 
Ala., of which his uncle, Dr. William LeRoy Broun, 
has been President for many years. Later he took 
the law course at the University of Virginia, and in 
April. 1892, was admitted to the bar in Charleston, 
W. Ya. 

When Fontaine Broun was appointed Division 
Commander for West Virginia, U. S. C. V., there 
were onl) two Camps in the State — to wit. Camp 
Beirne Chapman, at Union, L. E. Campbell, Com- 
mandant; Camp J. E. B. Stuart, at Marlington, L. J. 
Marshall, Commandant. Since then five other Camps 
have been organized. They are: Camp Thomas L. 
Broun, at Charleston, W. D. Payne, Commandant; 
Camp Jenkins, at 1 luntington. O. J. Wilkinson, Com- 
mandant; Camp Henry Kyd Douglass, at Shepherds- 
town, W. II. Kearfoot, Commandant; Camp Stone- 
wall Jackson, at Charlestown, C. E. Baylor, Com- 
mandant; Camp W. L. Jackson, at Parkersburg, W. 
G. Peterkin, Commandant. Several additional Camps 
are now being organized in other parts of the State 

The officers on his division staff are: John Baker 
White, of Charleston. Adjutant and Chief of Staff; 
Herbert Fitzpatrick, of Huntington, Inspector; C. 
G. Peyton, of Charleston, Quartermaster; Thomas R. 
Moore, of Charlestown, Commissary; W. G. Peter- 
kin, of Parkersburg. Judge Advocate; Dr. Charles 
Truehart Taylor, of Huntington, Surgeon; Rev. Nor- 
man F. Marshall, of Bramwell, Chaplain. 




FONTAINE HROUN, 
Division ( 'ommander, U. S. C. V., for W. Vj., Charleston, W. Va. 



102 



Confederate Vetera.?. 



Confederate Veterai). 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publisbii - House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one he constantly diligent 



Memphis is fast becoming conspicuous because of 
the U. C. V. reunion to be held there in May. Vet- 
erans are preparing to attend. Some who have been 
blessed in store and are officials in the great organiza- 
tion are preparing to make display to their credit and 
to the honor of the States they well represent, and in 
whose honor they feel worthy pride. There will be a 
much larger proportion of officials than held com- 
missions in the sixties. Sons of Veterans will like- 
wise make displays which will thrill the sponsors and 
their maids of honor with delight. A multitude will" 
attend, many of whom were magnetic heroes in the 
strife, either in command of their comrades or who are 
proud now that they carried rifles and performed the 
arduous duties of private soldiers. These veterans 
will go more in search of comrades than all else. Then 
there will be Mothers and Daughters there, whose de- 
votion and enthusiasm to these hero-patriots induce 
attendance at all such gatherings when it is practicable. 
Our good friends in Memphis have contributed funds 
unstintedly until it is now understood that seventy- 
five thousand dollars is in sight with which to furnish 
the most lavish entertainment ever yet placed at the 
disposal of the Confederates, although they are mak- 
ing the mistake of inviting attendance outside of 
Confederate channels. Governors of States, Mayors 
of cities, and other officials, with their tinseled at- 
taches, are being invited, so that it will be impossible 
to give that exclusive attention to Confederates which 
has been the rule at such conventions. The protests 
made against inviting President McKinley did not 
have the desired effect, and these other invitations can 
but detract from the purposes of Confederates who ac- 
cepted the invitation to go there this year. 

Worse than all else, however, is the attitude of the 
great brotherhood in some of its business affairs. 
Their official deeds carry great moral force in these 
respects, and it behooves and is the solemn duty of 
every member to watch closely and guard zealously 
these business interests, and to see that no official 
action is taken without a perfect understanding of all 
of its scope and purpose. Less than this would be a 
serious dereliction of duty. It is not lack of interest 
that these things are permitted, but of leadership. The 
situation in this respect seems not to be fully realized. 
The remedy must begin in the Camp at home if the 
dire calamities threatened are averted. It is important, 
very important, to consider carefully in the Camp 



what measures should have consideration, and then 
to appoint delgates who will sacrifice the idea of frolic, 
so far as they are concerned, attend the business meet- 
ings, and persist in a determination to kno<iv what is 
being done before they approve it. Surely comrades 
will realize this year this important suggestion, and 
stand by their delegated duties, and be as watchful as 
they were on picket nearly forty years ago. They 
should keep eyes and ears open to every measure sub- 
mitted in the convention. They cannot afford, for the 
honor of their dead, to be careless in these matters. 
The VETERAN has been faithful, and will continue so 
to the end. It appeals to the friends who are not of 
organized Confederates to confer with and impress 
upon them the importance of the diligence herein in- 
dicated. All should remember the faithfulness of the 
Veteran, and that it depends absolutely upon its 
friends. Let business consideration be shown it, and 
reciprocity will as assuredly follow as that the South- 
ern people are the truest of patriots. 



The annual meeting of the Association of Medical 
Officers of the Army and Navy will be held in Mem- 
phis, Tenn., in connection with the annual reunion of 
the United Confederate Veterans, May 28-30, 1901. 

The Committee of Arrangements sends out the fol- 
lowing invitation under date of March 1, 1901 : 

All surgeons, assistant surgeons, acting assistant 
surgeons, or contract physicians and hospital stewards, 
in the army and navy of the Confederate States, and all 
regular physicians who served honorably in any capac- 
ity in the Confederate States army and navy, and all reg- 
ular physicians who are sons of Confederate veterans, 
are eligible to membership. 

They are requested to contribute reports of im- 
portant cases coming under their observation, and any 
reminiscences worthy of preservation connected with 
their service in the army or navy of the Confederacy. 

Those desiring to become members of the Associa- 
tion, and expecting to attend that meeting, will please 
write to the Secretary at once for blanks, etc. G. B. 
Malone, M.D., Chairman, 281 Main Street, Memphis, 
Tenn.; Dr. A. L. Elcan, Secretary, Southern Express 
Building, Memphis, Tenn. 

The blank alluded to contains space for name in full ; 
time and place of enlistment ; rank at time of enlist- 
ment ; rank at close of war ; character of service, army 
or navy ; when and where surrendered ; present ad- 
dress ; and remarks. 

Dr. Roberts states that the doctors of Memphis will 
see that their end of the line is fully kept up ; and he 
thinks that, with railroad rate of one cent per mile over 
all Southern roads, there will be a large attendance. 



The venerable and beloved Mrs. Margaret A. E. 
McLure, of St. Louis, a princess in Confederate ben- 
efactions in Missouri, incloses a renewal of her sub- 
scription to the Veteran, and writes : "On the 24th of 
March I was ninety years old. My friends called on 
me in force. I have so many loving friends, so much 
to be thankful for. May I be worthy of all this ! is my 
prayer to my God." 



Confederate l/eteran. 



103 



HISTORIC PAINTINGS FOR RICHMOND. 

Mrs. Anne P. (Leland) Rankin, formerly of Nash- 
ville, writes from her new home, Richmond, Va., in- 
closing an appeal from Mrs. Belle S. (Joseph) Bryan, 
in a circular, part of which is here copied : 

There has been on exhibition in this city a series of 
thirty-one oil paintings, made at Charleston, S. C, be- 
tween the dates of September 16, 1863, and March 16, 
1864, by Mr. Conrad Wise Chapman, who left his stu- 
dio, in Rome, to take part with us in our struggle. The 
paintings are of extraordinary interest, not only as 
works of art but because they represent vividly the 
actual daily life and appearance of the men, batteries, 
and boats, who successfully defended Charleston 
against every attack made on it from the water front. 
These pictures would have great value for any 
museum as works of art: but for the Smith, (or this 
museum, they are priceless. They were executed on 
the spot, often under heavy fire ; and were painted un- 
der the strong impetus of personal enthusiasm, by the 
young artist who was detailed for the specific purpose. 
They are without parallel, and they prove the fact, 
often overlooked, that the Confederacy achieved re- 
markable results in military service and inventions. 

A few descriptive points are mentioned. Picture 
No. 14 represents the submarine torpedo boat H. L. 
Hunley, the first submarine boat ever constructed 
Shi' sunk the Keokuk, and was herself lost, with all 
her crew 

No. 4 is the only picture of "The David," the first 
torpedo boat ever used in naval warfare, and is there- 
fore forever famous. 

No. 17 shows a night bombardment by calcium 
search lights, which have since become most powerful 
aids in waging war. 

In each of the thirty-one pictures is represented 
some notable event of historic interest to us, which we 
cannot afford to let pass away. 

In a public plea Mrs. Bryan states: "We look to 
you to help us in securing them: we cannot do it 
alone. The limit of our option is now rapidly drawing 
to a close, and we must make an extra effort to con- 
clude this matter. We have gone too far to abandon 
it now. Send what you can. and without delay, for 
every little helps. If each State will raise $50 toward 
this fund, we will soon have the privilege of placing 
them in a permanent form in the Confederate M 
rial Museum " 

The list of these paintings comprises, in addition 
to those mentioned above, Forts Sumter. Moultrie, 
ami Johnson, Batteries Marion. Marshall. Beaun 
Bee, Rutledge, White Point, Union. Simpkins, lias 
kell, Wampler, Chevis, Quaker. Halston, and on 
Long Island etc.: also various views in and about 
Fort Sumter, including the evening or "sunset." and 
a general view of the citv and bay of Charleston 

It is hardly wortli while to add that am contribu- 
tion s,nt to Mrs. Bryan will be sacredly applied as in- 
dicated. 



SAM DAVIS CLUBS. 

Veterans, Daughters, and Sons should Act — New Move* 
ment to Complete Monument to the Hero. 

When the Confederate Veteran inaugurated a 
movement to erect a monument to Sam Davis, the 



W *Mgf v ^ 






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J. D. McMuIlin. Robinson Springs, Via . inquires 
of Col. L. T, Hardy, of Company E, Twelfth Tennes 
see Cavalry. Vaughan's Brigade, and also of any sur 

viving members of the regiment. 



CONTEMPLATED DESIGN mik PART OF MONUMENT. 

American hero, response- were magnetic in all parts 
of this great country, and more than two thousand 
dollars was sent in. Before the fund was completed 
the Spanish war opened, and public sentiment was 
diverted so that this worthy movement became dor- 
mant for a time. 

Meanwhile the Legislature of Tennessee passed an 
act appropriating the choicest spot on capital hill in 
his own Tennessee, where it had only given place to 
two of its most distinguished men (Presidents of the 
United States 1. appointed a committee comprised of 
several of its best citizens, and authorized the erec- 
tion of such memorial as the means contributed would 
justify. It should elicit the pride of all men. 

This committee undertook the enterprise with pa- 
triotic devotion, and it has about decided upon a de- 



104 



Confederate Ueterat). 



sign, which will soon be submitted to the public. The 
fund so far raised is not sufficient, and it now appeals 
to all who are interested to cooperate for the speedy 
consummation of its plans. To insure active partici- 
pation in the organization of Sam Davis Clubs in ev- 
ery community, the committee requests their forma- 
tion where even two or three will determine to take 
an active interest for the completion of this great 
work. Let schools organize clubs. The membership 
of schools is admissible where teachers or students de- 
sire it. One in a family of children may be elected to 
a membership, the others putting in their mite, so that 
any family may be represented. 

It is designed to publish memberships of these clubs 
with a history of the young man, whose high charac- 
ter has never been excelled, and a list of all members 
who contribute one dollar or more to the fund, and- 
this history to be furnished free to all members of 
clubs and to subscribers where a club cannot be or- 
ganized. All who have contributed are to be mem- 
bers of these clubs without additional pay, and they 
are urged to organize and get new members. 

ELIGIBILITY TO MEMBERSHIP. 

All persons who want to honor the name and glo- 
rious deed of Sam Davis may become members of 
these clubs, while all Veterans, Daughters, and Sons, 
of Confederate organizations, are urged to form 
clubs. Write to the Secretary for blanks. 

In Tennessee there should be zeal on this subject 
secondary to nothing else, and Nashville should have 
a score of clubs ready for action whenever called upon. 
This movement is commended by the Monument 
Committee with confidence that action should be 
spontaneous. 

Will subscribers to the fund report a club for the 
next issue of the Veteran? Refer to E. C. Lewis, 
Chairman, S. A. Cunningham, Secretary, or any other 
member of the Sam Davis Monument Committee. 

The committee is composed of Jos. W. Allen, J. M. 
Lea, J. W. Thomas, Sr., R. H. Dudley, G. H. Baskette, 
J. C. Kennedy, and J. W. Childress, besides the Chair- 
man and the Secretary. 

All persons who desire to be partakers in this honor 
should make it known as early as practicable, as that 
will determine the size and finish of the memorial. 



STORY OF THE DEATH OF SAM DAVIS. 

| Extracts from the Nashville (Term.) Ameriran.] 
ADDRESS BY HON. TUL'.Y BROWN AT NASHVILLE. 

With the wonderful story of Sam Davis fresh in 
their minds, and full of reverence for his deathless 
memory, an audience at the Vendome entered cor- 
dially into the spirit of the entertainment of "An 
Evening of Songs and Stories of the South," given 
d\ Mrs. Martha S. Gielow, of Alabama, in aid of the 
Sam Davis Monument Fund. To hear and see Mrs. 
Gielow was to feel at once that no newspaper notice 



can do justice to her talent as an impersonator and 
to her exquisite charm of manner. 

The audience included a conservative element not 
often seen at places of public amusement. There were 
as main men as, if not more than, women, amongwhom 
were the leading literary and professional men of the 
city: the Governor, members of the Legislature, and 
members of the Supreme Court and their families. 
Many of the lathes were in semi-evening toilette, mak- 
ing the scene one of brilliance. 

The stage decoration was appropriate and pleasing. 
Confederate flags were draped on the walls of a draw- 
ing room stage setting. A bust of the hero occupied 
a prominent place in the center, its pedestal draped 
with a Confederate flag. 

Hon. Tully Brown made an address rich in elo- 
quence and strong thought, part of which follows : 

"Ladies and Gentlemen: The pleasing duty has been 
accorded to me to-night to introduce to you the dis- 
tinguished lady who will entertain you with song and 
dialect of the old South, but I have been requested 
by the committee, before introducing- her. to have 
some few words to say with reference to the object of 
this meeting, and to the young man whose short life 
and whose glorious death in a cause long gone by is 
the reason for erecting to him a monument upon the 
acropolis of the State. 

"You doubtless have seen that the Legislature, by a 
resolution, has appropriated a spot upon the acrop- 
olis for a monument to this young man. And the 
questions might be asked : Why did the Legislature 
pass such a resolution? Who was Sam Davis? Did 
he lead listening Senates? Was he ever a governor 
of the State? Did he lead our legions to battle ? What 
did he do, that the Legislature of this State should 
have given to him a place by the side of James K. 
Polk and Andrew Jackson, two Presidents of the 
United States ; one who slept for many years in sight 
of the Capitol, but whose tomb was allowed to be 
placed upon the Capitol site ; and Andrew Jackson, 
a man national in his fame, a man glorious, a man 
known to all the earth ; and out of all the Tennessee 
people since the Capitol was built, only these two have 
been allowed resting places there — one in his grave 
and the other astride of his bronze horse? Then who 
was Sam Davis? That is what the committee has 
asked me to tell. 

"It is a simple story of a short life and a death so 
glorious that it has no rival. [Applause.] His father 
and mother came to the State of Tennessee from Vir- 
ginia, that State that has furnished so much of good 
and so much of greatness to the world. I take it, as 
they came from Virginia and from his simple Eng- 
lish name, that he came of proud English blood. He 
lived the life of other Tennessee boys, and was at a 
militarv school here by Nashville in 1861. when the 
cloudburst of war startled the American people. 
Tennesseean-like, the young man, scarcely nineteen, 
volunteered in the first regiment he could reach, which 
was the First Tennessee Regiment, C. S. A. 

"I have asked a soldier comrade of that regiment, 
who was afterwards connected with his family, about 
him, for I felt certain that you would desire to hear of 
a man so famous, of a man capable of so heroic a deed, 
that any particular would be interesting. Sam Davis 
was nearlv six feet high, and was as straight and 



Confederate l/eterai). 



105 



slender as a mountain pine. He had a shock of hair 
black as the raven's wing, and his face was bronzed, 
his eyes black and shining like diamonds. He was 
gentle and kindly as a girl. He loved his mother, and 
was gentle in his demeanor to his soldier comrades ; 
while everybody who knew him was fond of him. He 
entered the army and served some time with the 
First Tennessee, and then was selected to compose a 
company of scouts on the dangerous duty of invading 
the enemy's line. That service went on until in No- 
vember. 1863, when he was captured by the Federal 
soldiery near the town of Pulaski. Tenn. There were 
found upon his person maps of fortifications of Nash- 
ville and other places, statistics of the Federal army, 
their numbers in infantry, their artillery, cavalry, and 
all it takes to make up an army. 

"Gen. Dodge, who was the commander of Bhe Fed- 
eral corps then at Pulaski, sent for him. He made 
known to the young man the grave and serious con- 
dition which he was in; that he would have to call a 
court-martial to try him for a spy. Gen. Dodg) 
to him: 'Tf you will give me the name of your in- 
formant ; if you will tell me where these maps and 
figures came from. I will set you free.' Gen. Dodge 
evidently supposed that they came from around his 
headquarters, either from a staff officer or somebod} 
in the confidence of a staff officer; he was very press 
ing in his desire to get this information. 1 te says him- 
self: '1 was --truck with admiration at the integrity, 
the dignity, and the splendid courage of this young 
man. and I did my best to save his life.' 

"The court-martial was called. Two charges were 
submitted. Charge first was that he was a spy. 
Charge second was that he was inside Federal lines 
carrying upon his person maps and communications 
detrimental to the government and to the armies of 
the United States. The specifications of both charge? 
were set out. 

"To the first charge and specification he pleaded n< >t 
guilty. 'I am here in my Confederate uniform, with 
out concealment. / am not a spy.' [Applause.] To 
the second charge he pleaded guilty. Tin- court-mar- 
tial, after a long investigation, found him guilty upon 
both charges and specifications. And when thai 
done he was confined in a separate cell, and the fact 
was made known to him that lie had to die 

"On November 26, [863, on Thursday night, this 
young fellow, in his lonely cell, wrote a letter most 
pathetic to his mother and father. He said: '1 am 
going to die on the gallows to-morrow. Do not 
grieve for me; it will do no good. Think of me; do 
not forget me. Tell the children to be good. T am 
not afraid to die.' 

"Next morning there was sent to the jail a wagon t< 1 
take him to the place of execution, under the orders 
of the court-martial. One of his comrades, who had 
been captured at the same time, but was confined with 
others as a prisoner in the courthouse of the little 
town, said they heard the drum roll, they saw the 
regimental march, and sitting in the wagon they saw 
their comrade and their friend. When he saw them 
he arose to his feet and bowed. He was taken on. 
over to the eastern portion of the city, on a bluff side, 
and there, sitting on a bench, he awaited the action of 
the military authorities. 

n. Dodge, thinking- that in the presence of the 



scaffold, in the presence of immediate death, this 
young hero might have changed his mind, and that 
he might give him the information that he so much 
desired, sent Capt. Chick;isaw, his chief scout, to him. 
He touched him on the shoulder with his hand, and 
said : "It is not too late. Give me the information, and 
you will be escorted to the Confederate lines.' That 
scaffold, gentlemen and ladies, loomed up. and was 
a hideous specter in his front, but he turned and said : 
Captain, give my thanks to Gen. Dodge for the in- 
terest he has taken in me ; but if T had a thousand lives, 
I would surrender them here and now before I would 
do a thing like that.' [Applause. 1 

"Look at the gracious and sweet demeanor — no 
bluffing, no bravado, no defiance, and no truculence 
— of that gallant young spirit on the verge of his grave ! 
He was a gentleman. He had the gentleness in him 
to thank his enemies for the courtesies that they had 
done him. He asked Capt. Armstrong: 'How long 
have- I to live?* He replied: 'Fifteen minutes.' 
Davis >aiil: 'The boys will have to fight the balance 
of the battles without me.' Capt Armstrong said: 
'I hate to do this thing: 1 would rather die myself.' 

"Standing around that scaffold were the stern pha- 
lanxes of the government under orders, with their 
guns in their hands. This young man was alone. He 
was twenty-one years and a few months of age. He 
had no counsel ; lie had no friend; he had no backer: 
that terrible thing was before him, and the resolution 
that he had was of his own making. He arose to his 
feet and looked around. What did he see, ladies and 
gentlemen? He looked upon the sun for the last time. 
is very, very sweet. It is particularly sweel when 
we are about to lose it. The sun that had kissed his 
cheek to a tan for twenty-one years was giving him 
her last kiss ; the breeze that waved his raven hair 
was blowing on it for the last time ; the hills of Pulaski 
were standing silent around him. Nearness to death 
must have quickened his faculties — and how he must 
have loved to live: how that heroic young spirit must 
have hated to die! Through his veins was running 
blood like quicksilver, singing to him the song of life. 
The earth was very beautiful : the sky was very blue. 
He could almost hear the dropping of the tears of his 
mother; he could hear her low moan and the groan 
of agony that came from his father. Perhaps there 
was another somewhere in Tennessee who was on her 
knees at that time— somebody must have loved that 
glorious young fellow. He could look over toward 
the South, and there he could see the hard-pressed 
flag of his country, and he could hear the shout of 
his comrades fighting for what they believed was just. 
O how he must have hated to leave them to fight that 
battle alone — this gallant, glorious, and devoted voung 
soldier! 

"I ,adies and gentlemen, if 1 were to ask you to-night 
the question, AYhat is the greatest passion in life?' 
you would answer. 'The passion to live.' Men 
cast away at sea, when starving, eat their comrades 
to live. London swarms with its hundreds of thou- 
sands who lead a life of immeasurable misery, but who 
do not want to die. though the Thames flows by and 
kindly invites them to jump in and end their misery. 
Men live in dungeons, away under the ground, in 
slime, and yet when they hear the tread of the turnkey 
in the corrider their souls quake for fear he may be 



106 



(Confederate l/eterar?, 



coming to say : 'You must die.' But this young man, 
who had everything to live for, whose very soul was 
full of life — -this splendid young knight of the soul — 
said : 'If I had a thousand lives to give, I would give 
them all before I would do what you ask me to do.' 

"Ladies and gentlemen, the story of Sam Davis will 
never die, and will never cease to be told. Listening 
senates will hear the grand story ; the camp fires will 
repeat it in the armies of the government ; the school- 
teachers in thousands of schools will recite the beau- 
tiful and pathetic story to the young boys and girls, 
who will listen with tender and wondering eye. Some 
Livy. like the Roman Livy, will put it in imperishable 
history. Yea, some Homer will yet be born in these 
Southern States — when the South again turns her at- 
tention to the things that are really great— will strike 
with fingers of genius the harp to the great demand, 
and will produce another Iliad, and in that grand epic 
the brightest pages will be the story of this young 
man's heroic death. [Applause.] 

"Yea, he will never die, for he will be enshrined in 
earth's grandest pantheon, the human heart, and on its 
splendid walls his chaplet of laurel and immortelles 
will be higher than all the rest. Take all the heroes 
who bled for the South in the civil war ; let them come 
from every field of battle ; call up the spotless and the 
princelv Lee, he that was made in God's own image 
if ever man was [applause] ; call up Sydney Johnston 
from the bloody field of Shiloh, who, like one of 
Ossian's heroes, with his finger pointed to victory, and 
with the fierce South cheering on her sons, call him 
up ; call Stonewall Jackson, the lightning bolt of the 
battlefield, that man who earnestly raised his hand to 
the God of battles on the day of battles ; call up Joseph 
E. Johnston, the darling of the Tennessee army [ap- 
plause] ; call up the tall chieftain who sleeps by the 
banks of the Mississippi, Bedford Forrest [applause], 
listening to the song of a spirit kindred of his own ; 
pass them in review ; let the world look, as the world 
never looked before, at this splendid pageantry ! Who 
is it that will attract every eye? What is it that will 
bring the tears and the look of pity to every face? 
Who is that riding by? Who is it, in his gray, ragged 
jacket that is riding by, with his whole neck and 
bosom wreathed with a chain of gold instead of a 
hangman's rope? It is Sam Davis, the most famous 
of them all, for he died for principle and that his friend 
might live. [Applause.] 

"Yet Sam Davis will never die. His magnificent act 
connected him forever, linked him forever, with that 
greatest One, who, upon the outstretched cross on 
Calvary, discharged his great trust, and died for man. 
[Applause.]" 

When the speaker finished there were few dry eyes 
in the audience. The gifted datighter of the South 
appeared with an escort. Mr. Brown greeted her, 
and, turning to the audience, said : 

"And now, ladies and gentlemen.it is my great pleas- 
ure to introduce to you a lady who has made herself 
famous in many lands, delighting both the high and 
the low. She will give you to-night the songfs and the 
stories of the golden days of the old South. Uncle 
Remus, the old black mammy, and the little boy will 
appear again. Those of us who are old enough to 
remember the dialect and the song of the old slave at 
the shucking pen or in the cotton patch will live again 



in the songs that she sings and the stories that she 
tells. I introduce to you, ladies and gentlemen, Mrs. 
Gielow, a Southern lady from our sister State of Ala- 
bama. [Applause.]" 

TRIBUTE TO SAM DAVIS FROM JAPAN. 

Rev. W. E. Towson writes from Osaka, Japan, Jan- 
uary 22, 1 90 1 : 

The author of the inclosed, Rev. J. D. Davis, D.D.. 
of Kioto, Japan, for nearly thirty years an honored 
missionary in this land, was, in his youthful days, a 
soldier in the Union army, and reached the rank of 
colonel. The other day, while in my home, 1 called 
his attention to the Confederate Veteran, a copy 
of which was lying on the table. On opening it I saw 
the story of Sam Davis, the details of which I began 
to give him. He was immediately moved to tears, and 
explained the reason of his outburst of feeling by say- 
ing that he was present in camp, at Pulaski, at the 
time of the execution, and that the flood tide of mem- 
ories awakened by the recital had overcome him. 
He then gave me some facts, which he has kindly com- 
mitted to writing, to be sent you. 

DR. DA VIS'S LETTER. 

Kioto, Japan, January 19, 1900. 

In response to your request for any facts which I 
may have in memory's keeping in regard to the exe- 
cution of Samuel Davis, at Pulaski, Tenn., November 
27, 1863, I send the following: 

I was at the time a lieutenant in the Thirty-Second 
Illinois Infantry, a part of the division commanded by 
Brig. Gen. T. W. Sweeney, who was the first colonel 
our regiment had in the field, and under whose ar- 
rangements the execution was conducted. The gal- 
lows was erected on a high bluff overlooking the town, 
and in plain sight of many of the inhabitants. The 
gallows Was left standing there until the next spring. 
It was probably erected there and left standing as an 
example to any others who should give information to 
the enemy. 

There was another execution on this same gallows 
on April 28, 1864, the day before we started on our 
march through to Chattanooga. It was a most pa- 
thetic case. A soldier of our division, in a violent fit 
of anger, had shot his captain, nearly a year before, 
killing him. He had been tried by court-martial and 
sentenced to dtath, but the papers were delayed in the 
War Department at Washington so long that the man 
was released and went on duty. He reenlisted as a 
veteran with his regiment, and went home on furlough 
with the rest, and came back South. A few days be- 
fore we left the papers came back from Washington 
approved, and he Was hung on the same gallows on 
which Mr. Davis was executed. 

Tn regard to the execution of Samuel Davis, or in 
regard to his unflinching bravery and fidelity, I can 
add nothing to what has been already stated. The 
simple facts are more eloquent than any Words. I 
was glad that I escaped the necessity of witnessing this 
execution. 

The writer is glad that he has lived to see all sec- 
tional bitterness gone, with the son of Gen. Lee and 
the son of Gen. Grant fighting shoulder to shoulder 
under the flag of the united nation. 



Qorjfederate l/eterar;. 



107 



STORY OF OUR GREAT WAR. 

BY THE LATE MERCER OTEY, OF SAN FRANCISCO. 

[Continued from the August number, 1900. 1 

I now look back and am amazed at the fidelity of 
our slaves during the trying times of those days, sur- 
rounded as they were by temptations and inducements 
to abandon us. 

1 told my boy Tom on several occasions that Mr. 
Lincoln's proclamation of January i, 1863, P ro ~ 
nounced him free, and at any time he was at liberty 
to go North, and I should put no obstacles in his wa.) 
I can never forget the expression on the face of this 
faithful and loved companion of my youth, as lit can- 
didly avowed his devotion to me, saying, "Why, Marse 
Willie, you don't suppose I'm going to leave you; 
didn't I promise old miss and old marster to alw.n 5 
stay with you?" and he never did desert nre through 
the whole war; but was always the warm-hearted, 
faithful creature under all circumstances. lie was 
only a year younger than I, and we had grown up 
together with no distinction that his yellow skin could 
claim from my white ; together we had been taught 
the prayers and catechism at my father's hearthstone, 
and morning and evening we daily worshiped in the 
family circle. If he or any other of the house servants 
were ill, they claimed as much care and comfort as 
my sisters. If I had a dollar, Tom could always claim 
half of lit. After the war closed he and I drifted away 
with the great stream of struggling soldiers who wen 
scattering here and there, seeking to earn their daily 
bread. Whether the honest fellow is now alive or not 
I do not know, but, God knows, he could always share 
my crust and cot. 

Our removal of headquarters to Demopolis, Ala., 
was a matter of much congratulation, as the ease and 
comfort was well earned. The duties of reorganizing 
the department were routine, and relaxing from those 
previously undergone. 

We had forced on us for occupancy the most pala- 
tial residence of that beautiful little town, and in the 
owner, Gen. Whitfield, and his charming daughter, 
everything that wealth and refinement could afford 
was extended us to add to our comfort. 

In February, 1864, Gen. N. B. Forrest, commanding 
the cavalry of the Western Department, was busily 
occupied in his operations on Sherman's line of com- 
munication, stretching over an extended area from 
Nashville well down to Atlanta, Ga. Forrest's brilliant 
operations had received the well-merited promotion 
to the exalted rank of lieutenant general, commanding 
all the cavalry of the army west of the Army of Ten- 
nessee under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. 

A requisition being made by Gen. Forrest on Gen. 
Polk for assignment to his staff of two officers to re- 
organize the adjutant generals' and inspector gen- 
erals' departments, Gen. Polk detailed Lieut. Sam 
Donelson and myself for that duty, he for the in- 
spector generals' assistant, while I was made A. A A 
general to his chief of staff, Major J. P. Strange. I had 
known of Gen. Forrest in Memphis before the war. 
and many of his staff were my personal friends. If 
my previous campaigning under Stonewall Jackson's 
"foot cavalry" was trying, the one I was about to en- 
gage in with "Mr. Forrest's critter company" was the 
hardest service I had seen. What "Stonewall" was to 



the infantry, Forrest was his counterpart with his cav- 
alry. Both combined the talents of great command- 
ers, and about as different, the one from the other, as 
can be imagined. The one a most devout and exem- 
plary Christian soldier; the other fearless and profane 
in the extreme. It has been often stated, and no 
doubt it is true, that the only man in the world that 
Gen. Bedford Forrest feared was his brother Bill ; and 
who Bill feared, nobody ever knew, and I do not think 
he himself knew. Yet he was as jovial and genial a 
fellow as I ever cantered with. Poor fellow! we have 
had many a scrub quarter-mile dash together, and 
chaffed each other over the merits and demerits of 
our respective Rosinantes. After the close of the war, 
Bill, I hear, drifted down into Texas, where he died 
"with his boots on,"' in some shooting scrape. 

Gen Forrest moved with the celerity of a cyclone, 
and his blows were dealt the enemy with such sledge- 
hammer Force thai the first generally so staggered him 
that lie became "groggy." and could never recover. 
The same tactics were used by Stonewall Jackson. 

Having reached Tupelo, Miss., and reported to Gen. 
Forrest, I set to work in my new duties, which gave 
little or n< > t inic for aught else. 

A few days of "shoeing up" and provisioning, and 
away we clattered for West Tennessee and Kentucky. 
Ah! but those were glorious spring days, and we had 
as fine a lot of fellows under Gens. Abe Buford, Wil- 
liam If. Jackson, and Tyree H. Bell as ever flashed a 
saber. Every man sat his steed as if he was part and 
parcel of the beast he strode, and it mattered little 
how mettlesome the nag, the rider was the master, and 
fit to fight mounted or dismounted. West Tennessee 
had been raided by Federal cavalry under Grierson, 
Hatch, and Hurst for many months, where they were 
always sure of finding good forage for man and beast. 
The latter had made himself extremely obnoxious by 
his indiscriminate plundering, and his command, the 
First Tennessee Cavalry, had been recruited from the 
very worst element among what was known as "Union 
men," living principally amidst the mountains and val- 
leys of East Tennessee. He had been captured in the 
earlier part of the war, and tried for some outlawry. 
Being granted his parole by Gen. Polk, at Columbus, 
Kv.. he had deliberately violated it, and his pathway 
was marked b) dee Is of greater deviltry than ever be 
fore. It had been long the effort of our to ps to cap 
ture this freebooter, but his spies and friends kept him 
so well advised that he always managed to elude us. 
He was as sly as a swamp fox. I shall refer a little 
later to a portion of his command that I happened to 
run into While traveling under a flag of truce. 

Our first station appointed for a base of operations 
was the beautiful town of Jackson, Tenn., where Gen. 
Forrest was ever a welcome guest. The citizens were 
mostly of the refined and wealthy class, who, too old 
to take active service, had to remain at home, the prey 
of the roaming band of the enemy's cavalry and in- 
fantry, who levied heavy contributions on them for 
their know 11 and avowctl loyalty to the Southern cause. 
I lur immediate headquarters were at the magnificent 
residence of Dr. Butler, whose hospitality was bounti- 
fullv extended, aided as he was by a bevy of charming 
and highly cultured daughters. On the 24th of March 
we captured Union City, with a quantity of supplies, 
and whal we could not utilize we destroyed. 



108 



Confederate l/eterai? 



Gen. Forrest was determined to get hold of Hurst 
if he could, and with that end in view instructed me to 
proceed to Memphis with sealed communications ad- 
dressed to Gen. Buckland, commanding the Federal 
post there. While I was en route with my escort un- 
der flag of truce, he made a dash for and captured 
Paducah, Ky., on the 26th. This was a stunning blow 
to the enemy, and, becoming thoroughly alarmed, they 
at once commenced to provide against his crossing the 
river into Ohio. But Forrest had his eagle eye on 
the Fort Pillow garrison, and the 12th of April found 
him thundering at this stronghold on the Mississippi 
river, demanding its surrender. All day the battle 
raged, and being well fortified and admirably adapted 
by nature for defense, our cavalry, under that fiery 
little game cock, Gen. James R. Chalmers as advance. 
after stubborn resistance, drove the Federals into their 
last line of entrenchments. The majority of the ene- 
my's force consisted of colored troops, and the fort 
was protected by a gunboat lying in the stream. After 
carrying everything before him, Gen. Forrest made a 
demand on the commander of the garrison for its sur- 
render to save further bloodshed. The demand was 
granted, and the white flag was raised by the Fed- 
erals. Fort Pillow is well up on the bluffs, overlook- 
ing the river, the banks leading thereto being quite 
precipitous. 

As our forces unsuspectingly entered the works, 
they were met by a galling fire poured into them by 
the fleeing Federals, who were protecting themselves 
in the shelter afforded by the river bank, while the 
gunboat opened a brisk broadside on our troops. 
They were maddened by such perfidy. Many of the 
enemy were plainly visible trying to pack their boxes 
of ammunition to the river bank, hoping there to con- 
tinue the fight. It so exasperated our men that they 
drove the enemy into the river, and shot them as they 
tried to gain the gunboat. This is the story of the 
famous "Massacre of Fort Pillow," as told me by Gen. 
Forrest after I had rejoined him at Jackson on my re- 
turn from Memphis. 

Journeying on my road to Memphis, bearing my 
flag of truce, while the above was taking place, I rode 
into a squadron of Federal cavalry that had been out 
on a foraging expedition. The men were in high spir- 
its, for they had made a successful expedition, as the 
amount of various plunder packed by them testified. 
Wagons of feed, live cattle, poultry, and everything 
imaginable, useful or ornamental, or otherwise, so that 
they despoiled the defenseless people. After riding 
rapidly through the motley crowd, I finally reached 
the head of the column, when, saluting the command- 
ing officer, I inquired : "What command is this?" He 
replied, returning my salutation, "The First Tennessee 
Cavalry. Lieut. Col. W. J. Smith commanding." 
Whew! Well, this was a nest of hornets I had gotten 
into, sure enough. The First Tennessee Cavalry, the 
colonel of which was Fielding Hurst, "the outlaw," and 
for whose body, dead or alive, I was then bearing a 
demand. Fortunately my flag protected me, but if my 
mission had been suspected, I don't think it would. 
A few miles companionship was quite sufficient, and 
I was glad when my road separated me from these 
ruffians. 

Time, the great assuager of grief, also heals the 
bitterness of battle, and is as forcibly illustrated in the 



case of Col. W. J. Smith, who settled in Memphis at 
the close of hostilities. It is great occasions of disas- 
ter that bring into play the hidden characteristics of 
the man. 

I quote from the record of the Howard Association 
during the terrible yellow fever epidemic that deso- 
lated that city in the summer of 1878: "When the 
Mayor of Grenada, Miss., sent an appeal to the How- 
ards of Memphis for nurses, Gen. W. J. Smith and 
Col. Butler P. Anderson and other Howards found it 
a difficult matter to find them at once. Several hours 
were spent in the effort, and, finally, ten were assem- 
bled at the depot to take the special train. They were 
inexperienced nurses, the most of them, and without 
a head would have been useless. The question arose 
as to who should go with them. One after another 
had reasons for saying : 'I pray thee have me excused.' 
Gen. Smith, as the First Vice President of the How- 
ard Association, said he would go. No one else vol- 
unteered. It was a critical moment. At the last min- 
ute Col. Anderson stepped on the train and said : T 
will go myself.' After making the decision, he had 
only time to send a verbal message to his family. He 
and Gen. Smith found the city in the wildest confusion 
and fright. They went to work, forgetting themselves, 
bent only on relieving the sick and dying. They often 
worked from early morning until long after midnight. 
The Mayor fell the day after their arrival, and soon 
died. The six physicians of the place who remained 
all died. The mortality was appalling. They could 
not leave. The highest sense of duty and humanity 
impelled them to remain as they did, until one fell at 
his post and the other was brought away with the fever 
throbbing in every vein. 

"And incidentally here we will say, that all the ter- 
rible trials and emergencies of the yellow fever period 
of 1878 did not develop a nobler, braver, and more 
unselfish man than Gen. W. J. Smith. 

"Of English birth and ideas, entertaining political 
opinions at variance with those of most Southern peo- 
ple, he had been the object of dislike and coolness. 

But when the occasion was presented, he went to the 
relief of those who, in a sense, might have been con- 
sidered his enemies at the risk of his life. From this 
circumstance we may learn a lesson of forbearance and 
wisdom that should never be forgotten." The forego- 
ing is from J. M. Keating's history of "Yellow Fever 
Epidemic of 1878." 

Arriving at the picket post on the State line road, 
about three miles from the city limits, I was halted 
about q a.m., and my communication forwarded to 
post headquarters. 

T was very anxioiis to get into the city to visit my 
two sisters, whom I had not seen for a year or more, 
they beinp- unable to leave our home since my father's 
death. My request was denied, but my sisters were 
permitted to come to the picket station and meet me 
under escort of an officer. While grateful for this priv- 
ilege T could not but complain of the rigid rule that 
could not permit me to visit them at our own fireside, 
especially as T had once a few months before been 
granted the permit by Gen. Hurlburt on the occasion 
of mv father's death, but, when nearly about to gain 
admittance. T was suddenly and summarily ordered 
back. I never knew the reason of this change of heart, 
unless it was the grudge Hurlburt bore Forrest for his 



Confederate l/eterai). 



109 



audacity in carrying his operations so far as to invade 
the bedchamber of that general in the Gayoso Hotel 
in Memphis, and capturing his uniform while Hurl- 
burt made his escape in his night shirt, aided by the 
darkness and the hilarity of our troopers. Maj. Gen. 
Washburn was commanding the department prior to 
Gen. Hurlburt, and when the former heard of the lat- 
ter's mishap, he gleefully railed at the War Depart- 
ment for relieving him from his command because he 
couldn't keep Forrest out of his department, and he 
had been succeeded by Hurlburt, who couldn't keep 
him out of his bedroom. He properly thought it a 
good joke, and so would every one else. 

After waiting five or six hours in the rain for my re- 
ply, an officer finally returned from headquarters, stat- 
ing that Gen. Buckland would reply by due course, 
after communicating with the War Department. 

Bidding my sisters good-by, I retraced my steps to 
Jackson, where I knew Forrest was waiting. I had 
ridden some twenty miles when I was overtaken by 
a cavalcade of finely mounted Federals, bearing a flag 
of truce. As they rode up, I was informed that they 
were bearing a communication to Gen. Forrest from 
Gen. Buckland, and the ranking officer introduced him- 
self as Maj. Dustin, assistant adjutant general on the 
staff of Gen. Buckland. He proved a very companiona- 
ble gentleman, and fcr some miles we enjoyed each 
other's society, chatting over ourvaried experience. He 
was, if I remember, a member of the New York Fire 
Department before entering the army. He knew all the 
young ladies in Jackson, whither we were traveling, 
having been stationed there quite a while during the 
occupancy of the country before Gen. Forrest had 
made it too hot to hold them, when they sought safety 
in Memphis. The major had provided himself with 
an ambulance well filled with good cigars, champagne, 
and other delicacies, in anticipation of spending a day 
or so in Jackson, visiting and entertaining- mutual 
friend's. In fact so sure was he of being permitted to 
enter the town that lie confided to me his plans for 
an cvenincr's German at the public hall, and numerous 
other social events. My own experience of the refusal 
in not being permitted to vkit my own home was too 
vivid, an the barb still rankled, to admit of any such 
courtesy being extended my adversary, and I was well 
convinced, in my own mind, the sole object of the flag 
of truce was a pretext to enable them to learn of For- 
rest's strength and movements. So I determined to 
block the little game, if possible. Within twelve or 
fifteen miles of Jackson, I whispered my instructions 
to the lieutenant of my troop to make haste slowly, 
and, leaving him in command, I bade adieu to the 
genial major, and took a short cut through Forked 
Deer Creek bottom, put my horse to his speed, and 
gained our headquarters in ample time to communi- 
cate to Gen. Forrest the news of the approaching flag, 
and of my ideas of its mission, as well as the anticipated 
pleasure of the Major in his social functions. The 
General immediately instructed that the cavalcade 
should be halted at our outposts, where, after a deco- 
rous delay, several of our staff visited the Major and 
enjoyed with much gusto the good things with which 
lie had intended to regale his friends in Jackson. As 
anticipated, the communication he bore was of a friv- 
olous nature, and the whole scheme was one concocted 
for espionage, but which failed signally. 



For several weeks we rested our stock and recruited 
our ranks, and caused the enemy to keep themselves 
well within their garrison at Memphis. Orders were 
finally given to move South and rendezvous at Tupelo, 
Miss. On our arrival at Bolivar we had quite a run- 
ning fight with Col. Hatch, who undertook to inter- 
cept our line of march. It was here that the General's 
chief of staff, Maj. J. P. Strange, caught a ball in his 
arm. which, though painful, disabled him for but 
a short time. Brushing Hatch from our pathway as 
a pesky fly, we continued our journey without further 
trouble to Tupelo, where the whole command was soon 
assembled. 

It was enjoyable to be able once more to sit un- 
molested by sight or sound of conflict, and, gathered 
around the great cavalry commander, join with him in 
a laugh at the many schemes and snares he had set 
to bamboozle the Federals. Forrest was very affable, 
and placed himself on an equal footing with each and 
every one of his command. Entirely free from reserve, 
he was as full of fun as a kitten, and as amiable like- 
wise, always ready for a frolic or a scrub race, or pok- 
ing fun at some member of his staff. One especially 
came in for quite a share of the General's jibes, Capt. 
Paul Anderson, his chief of scouts. Paul was an old 
Texas ranger, and affected all the vagaries of the cow- 
boy costume, mingled with that of the Mexican 
greaser, as shown in the white sombrero, leather- 
fringed breeches, and jangling spurs. His voice had 
a peculiar nasal twang, and his slowness of speech 
caused him great difficulty in spinning his yarns. 

The General had an escort of some twenty or thirty, 
commanded by Capt. Jackson, but their escort duty 
consisted in fighting, the same as the troops of the 
line. Forrest never ordered his men to go anywhere 
that lie did not accompany them, generally as a leader. 
1 [e enjoyed fighting more than any man I ever met in 
the senicc ; lie seemed to glory in it as a pastime, and 
frequently would, during battle, forget that as a com- 
mander lie was not expected to participate person- 
ally, but, singling out some foeman worthy of his 
steel, go for him full tilt with drawn saber, and. 
swinging it in a terrific circle, cut his man down as 
he would a cornstalk. HLs eyes fairly blazed with 
a fiend incarnate. The contrast to Forrest in battle 
and in repose was the most remarkable I ever saw. 
and one could hardly imagine that he could possess 
so much docility combined with so much ferocity. 
Much of the latter was undoubtedly traceable to trie 
loss in battle of a favorite brother, Col. Jesse A. For- 
rest, who fell at Okolona, Miss., a few months before. 
Jesse Forrest, early in 1861, helped to organize a cav- 
alry command, and soon rose to the rank of lieu- 
tenant colonel of the Sixteenth Tennessee Cavalry. 
Another brother, Jeffrey E. Forrest, who kept a 
livery stable in Memphis before the war, was 
major of the Eightieth Tennessee Cavalry, of 
which George G. Dibrell, as colonel, was afterwards 
promoted to brigadier general of cavalry. Then there 
was Bill Forrest, a captain of cavalry, to whom ref- 
erence has previously been made. Another brother, 
John Forrest, was a noncombatant, owing to his be- 
ing a cripple and a great sufferer from rheumatism. 
so much so that he could with great difficulty get 
around unless by aid of crutch or stick. This affliction, 
however, did not shield him from the persecution of 



110 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



the enemy, who, having him a prisoner in Memphis, 
desired to extort information from him, and, to accom- 
plish it, had him conveyed on one of their gunboats, 
and in a wooden box turned the steam on him from 
the boilers of the boat in a vain endeavor to wring in- 
formation from him. I saw John Forrest in the town 
of Grenada, Miss., a few months after the above occur- 
rence, the particulars of which he gave me. The Gen- 
eral had one or more half-brothers by the name of 
Luxton, one of whom, Mat, figured in one or two 
bloody feuds, the particulars of which I did not charge 
my memory with at the time. Gen. Forrest had only 
one child, William M. Forrest, who was a lieutenant 
and aid-de-camp to his father. He partook essential- 
ly of his father's characteristics, being mild-tempered 
and gentle almost to effeminacy, but when aroused 
his temper blazed through those cold gray eyes that 
betokened unmistakably the danger Ijehind them. 

The General greatly enjoyed telling the ruse he 
practiced on the occasion of the capture of Col. 
Streight , near Rome, Ga., in April, 1863. 

For daring and audacity, it is one of the most re- 
markable of any during the war. Streight largely 
outnumbered Forrest (who had only one or two parts 
of regiments), and was favorably posted on a com- 
manding eminence, which would have resisted any of 
our assaults. A road at the base of this hill debouched 
from the thickly timbered country around and gave the 
enemy a clear and unobstructed view of our troops 
for fully a quarter of a mile, before again it was lost on 
the density of the forest. After passing this open 
point, the road again doubled on itself and paralleled it 
for fully another quarter of mile, fully hidden, how- 
ever, from the Federals. By a short cut through or 
across this horseshoelike opening, Gen. Forrest, for 
an hour or more, kept his little band revolving in a 
circle, and Streight saw, from his perch on the hill, 
regiment after regiment, battery after battery, and 
wagon after wagon, pass before his astonished gaze. 

After Forrest had thus magnified his little force into 
a division of solid phalanx, he halted the command, 
and, forming ihem into line of battle, preparatory to 
a charge, sent forward his aid-de-camp, Capt. Ander- 
son, and demanded the unconditional surrender of 
Streight and his forces, stating that he had him com- 
pletely surrounded, and if his demands were not com- 
plied with, he could not be responsible for the conse- 
quences. The Federal commander, satisfied in his 
own mind that he was outnumbered ten to one, grace- 
fully surrendered his whole command of seventeen 
-hundred men without firing a gun. His subsequent 
mortification and rage knew no bounds when he dis- 
covered how he had been hoodwinked by the astute 
Forrest. 

About the 1st of June we received instructions to 
concentrate our command at or near Florence or 
Tuscumbia, Ala., on the Tennessee river, which being 
crossed by long-established fords, we were then to 
push on rapidly to cut the line of communication lead- 
ing from Nashville, over the Nashville and Chatta- 
nooga railroad, the only route over which Sherman 
could draw his supplies for the army he had at Alla- 
toona, Ga. Could we succeed in this, his "march to 
the sea" would have been impossible. War is better 
exemplified by a game of chess than anything else. 
When your combination has been carefully completed. 
and you think you are about to make a scoop by a 



lucky checkmate, suddenly pops up a knight to up- 
set all your calculations, and your well-matured 
schemes fall to the ground. 

We left Tupelo in high spirits, glad to get back into 
Middle Tennessee, where most of the command were 
at home amidst wives and sweethearts. The rain was 
coming down in torrents, the streams we had to cross 
were running bank lull, the corduroy roads in many 
of the bottoms had floated out, and wagons and artil- 
lery were floundering through as best they could. 
Poor old Abe Buford, commanding a brigade, was 
swearing his best at the muddy roads and the roaring 
creeks, contrasting the former, doubtless, to the mac- 
adamized and level ones of his native state, Kentucky. 
As I passed him I saluted him, and wished him good 
luck in getting his headquarters wagon out of four feet 
of a mud hole, which he was superintending at the 
time. We enjoyed a visit when Gen. Buford dropped 
in at our headquarters, for he was a genial, jovial com- 
panion, full of war reminiscences, and generally his 
chief commissary kept a supply of good Nelson County 
Bourbon, which he always set before us when we re- 
turned the General's visit. 

Buford presented a queer appearance, either mount- 
ed or afoot. He weighed something over three hun- 
dred pounds, of powerful frame, a round, ruddy face, 
covered with a short, stubby, red heard, dressed in 
brown butternut Kentucky jeans, his pants invariably 
stuck in his boats, he was the most perfect picture of 
the Jack of Clubs, as displayed on the packs of cards 
made those times, before they commenced to adorn 
and embellish them in the present day. With all his 
weight he was the most graceful dancer I ever saw 
swing a ladv on the light and fantastic. The last time 
I saw the General was just after the war, in Memphis, 
where he had brought some of his blooded stock from 
the blue grass region, such as Enquirer, Exchequer, 
Crossland, and others now forgotten. 

Gen. Forrest and I greeted him at the course, after 
winning a fat purse, and congratulated him on his 
good luck. He smiled grimly and said he had been 
quite fortunate in his circuit, and intended getting 
back more of the money of which he had been robbed 
during the war. But the very next day a sad acci- 
dent overtook him. His favorite horse, Crossland. 
named after a colonel of that name, who commanded 
one of his regiments, was entered for a four-mile heat. 
Crossland had won two out of five heats, and was lead- 
ing the bunch on the last stretch of the winning heat, 
when I saw Buford throw up his hands and cry out in 
agony of tone: "My God! Crossland has broke his 
leg." Sure enough he had, and he was at once shot 
on the track. But the saddest ending of all was the 
fate of Gen. Buford himself, when, only a few years 
ago, his mind became unsettled, it is thought through 
religious mania, and it eventuated in his driving a ball 
through his brain. How strange sometimes do we 
make out exit ! Here was a man who, for four years, 
braved battle on many a hotly contested field, and 
when life's closing days should have been peace, joy, 
and comort, the massive brain reeled, and reason for- 
ever fled. 

The story of Comrade Otey will be concluded with 
one or two more installments. It may be remembered 
that he died within a month of the time that the man- 
uscript was sent to the Veteran. 



Confederate l/eterao. 



111 



THE TERM "NATION." 

At the November meeting of the U. D. C, held at 
Montgomery, Miss., Adelia A. Dunovant touched a 
responsive chord in the hearts of her hearers when she 
spoke at length on the incorrectness of the term "na- 
tion," as applied to the United States. Since the meet- 
ing there has been a general desire to know more of 
this woman who could speak so vigorously and intel- 
ligently on so vital a point in constitutional affairs. 
Miss Dunovant said in part : 

We are not a nation. Hie United States have never 
been a nation, either in the past or in the present. The 
sovereignty of the States is still sustained by the con- 
stitution of the United States and the States, and by 
the laws of the country — both Federal and State. 

An indubitable proof of this lies in the fact that Jef- 
ferson Davis was not brought to trial. The people of 
the North did not venture to submit his case to the 
Supreme Court of the United States, because they 
knew that by those laws they, his accusers, would stand 
forth to the world rebels, traitors, violators of the con- 
stitution of their country, desecrators of its flag. [Loud 
applause.] 

A clear understanding of the nature of the govern- 
ment of the United State-; ran be obtained only by go- 
ing back to the formative period. That period fur- 
nishes, among its many unquestionable proofs, that 
this government is not a "nation," an evidence which 
can be presented with sufficient conciseness to admit 
the presentation in this brief discussion. 

When the Constitution of the United States was sub- 
mitted to the convention composed of delegates from 
various States, the term 'nation" appeared in one of 
the clauses submitted. A delegate from Connecticut 
moved thai the term "nation" be stricken out. This 
motion was carried by a large majority. See how 
je.il i iiisly our forefathei s guarded against even the sug- 




gestion of centralization ! Think of how, by the elimi- 
nation of that objectionable term "nation," they pro- 
claimed that this government is a federative sy.-tem of 
free, sovereign, and independent States— not a nation. 

A nation is one political society. The United States 
are several political societies— as many as there are 
States — united in a general or federal government ; 
those several societies or States delegating certain 
powers to their agent, the general government, but re- 
taining their sovereignty — a sovereignty proceeding 
from sovereign man. 

This (the sovereignty of the States) is the founda- 
tion stone upon which rests our Federal government. 
The Union is but the creature or common agent of the 
States- the States having created the Union. The 
North so formerly viewed it, as I have proved. 

This is not a sectional question, or the dogma or 
theory of a political party. It is declared in and estab- 
lished by the Constitution of the United States, and by 
the various State constitutions. It is sustained by oui 
laws, both Federal and State. 

If we fail to recognize it, wc are throwing down the 
South's great bulwark of defense; we are destroving 
the very basis upon which our association of United 
Daughters of the Confederacy stands. We cease to 
present to the world the moral grandeur of an organ- 
ization of women, banded together to be the vindi- 

i >rs of earth's noblest heroes, the men of the Con- 
federacy; we cease to be the conservors of constitu- 
tional liberl 5 

I know that no Daughter of the Confederacy would 
consciously throw away the birthright. Rut. in apply- 
ing the term "nation" to the United States, we endan- 
ger our correct conception of the nature of the defense 
of the men whom we represent ; we deter our asso- 
ciation from tin- attainment of its object — the vindica- 
tion of the men of the Confederacy who fought and 
died in defense of the constitutional right of State sov- 
ereignty. [Applause] 



MISS AIJKLIA A. DUNOVANT, 

Historian Texas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. 



PRESIDFNT OF THE PHILADELPHIA CHAP'ER. 

The many friends of Mrs. James M. Halsev will be 
distressed to hear of her illness at her home in Oer- 
mantown, Philadelphia. She has been the President 
of this Chapter of the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy since its organization. Owing to her health 
being delicate this winter, she desired some one else 
to fill the office. But her Chapter refilled to have 
any one else in her place. As the daughter of Gen. 
Dabne) 11 Maury, Mrs. Halsey possesses the cul- 
ture of her father, and must have had even more than 
his bravery to attempt to start a Chapter of Daughters 
of the Confederacy in Philadelphia. Owing to her 
gentle, refined manners, she has won her way into 
the hearts of many Philadelphia people, and Iris, bv 
her tact and good sense, made her Chapter one of 
the recognized patriotic societies in Philadelphia. 
She has done much to pull down sectional prejudice 
and add to the kindly feeline growing up between the 
North and the South. 

Will you kindly give space to this communication 
without my name. Mrs. llalsey has been such a brave 
little woman, and has done so much to make the name 
of the Daughters of the Confederacy honored in Phila- 
delphia, that I think she deserves this at our hands. 



112 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



The annual meeting of the Kansas City Chapter was 
held February II, with a large attendance. Mrs. Joe 
O. Shelby, widow of Gen. Shelby, was the guest of the 
occasion, and was made honorary member. Mrs. 
Fitzhugh Lee was also made an honorary member. 

Mrs. B. L. Woodson presented the Chapter with an 
official seal on which is inscribed the motto of the 
Chapter: "Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet, lest we 
forget, lest we forget." A committee was appointed 
to select a design for the monument we wish to erect 
in memory of those who fell in the battle of Westport. 
Gen. Shelby is buried in the same cemetery. About 
$2,000 has been raised, but we wish to raise $5,000. 
The interest is lively in the Chapter now, and the Enter- 
tainment Committee has gone to work vigorously to 
find some attractive entertainment by which money 
can be raised. A gentleman who is about to start on a 
lecturing tour in Missouri has promised a part of the 
proceeds of his lecture to our monument. 

The following officers were elected : President, Mrs. 
John M. Philips ; Vice Presidents, Mrs. S. A. Morgan, 
Mrs." George Mosely; Recording Secretary, Mrs. J. S. 
Miller : Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. L. R. Malott ; 
Treasurer, Mrs. T. A. Gill; Historian, Mrs. B. L. 
Woodson. 

The membership committee reported eight new 
members. The historian proposes to collect interest- 
ing items and incidents of the war, and. in time, have 
them bound. 

Monument to Lizzie Rutherford Ellis. — The 
Atlanta Constitution, Feb. 17, 1901, contains the follow- 
ing: "The ladies of the Memorial Association at Colum- 
bus, Ga., have inaugurated a movement to erect a mon- 
ument in the cemetery to the memory of Lizzie Ruth- 
erford Ellis, that true-hearted Southern woman who 
was first to propose memorial day. The Memorial 
Association proposes to secure necessary funds by 
popular subscription and by the sale of little books 
containing- the history of the origin of memorial day. 
which, for all time, settles the question and gives the 
honor where it is due, to Lizzie Rutherford Ellis. Thf 
committee has been out only two days, and a large 
amount of the money has already been subscribed." 



CONCERNING MANACLES FOR MR. DAVIS. 

F. S. Ferguson, ex-Major General Alabama Divi- 
sion, U. C. V. Birmingham : 

The article of my friend, Col. John P. Hickman, on 
the ironing of Mr. Davis is timely ; but as to the cause 
of the removal of the shackles he is in error. 

Dr. Cravens, the chief surgeon of Fortress Monroe 
at the time, was called to see Mr. Davis, who was 
suffering from neuralgia and nervous prostration. 
When he reached the casemate and examined his il- 
lustrious patient, he discovered that the irons (anklets) 
still fettered his limbs. Promptly he reported to Gen. 
Miles "that the removal of the fetters was a medical 
necessity." The removal quickly followed. 

See the "Prison Life of Jefferson Davis," by Dr. 
Cravens. 

Shortly before the death of Charles A. Dana, he 
published a magazine article, giving all the orders is- 
sued, and showing conclusively that the fettering of 
Mr. Davis was left to the discretion of Gen. Nelson 



A. Miles, fie has never denied it. Mrs. Davis, in 
her book, relates that Gen. Miles acknowledged a? 
much to her, and also that Gen. Miles, when talking 
to her, always spoke of her unfortunate husband as 
"Jeff." 

But enough of this sad episode in the history of our 
country. It is strange indeed that many Southern 
people and newspapers will and do take sides with 
Miles in a supposed controversy between him and 
President McKinley. The latter, in a long public life. 
has never spoken unkindly of the Southern people, or 
done them a wrong. On the contrary he has had the 
rare courage to proclaim that it is now the duty of 
the United States to take care of the graves of the 
Confederate dead. 

I believe that there were very few officers in the 
United States army who would have manacled Mr. 
Davis under the circumstances as we now know them. 

EXPERIENCES ON JOHNSON'S ISLAND. 

A. W. Sidebottom, Chattanooga, Tenn., writes : 

If it be asked why I, once a prisoner on Johnson's 
Island, am so late in entering my denial of the truth 
of statements contained in the unsigned article that 
appeared in the Veteran of last July, entitled "Offi- 
cers Prisoners on Johnson's Island," I answer, Absence 
from home the latter part of the year. 

I note in the October number letters from Com- 
rades George, of Floyd, Tex., and Patterson, of Sa- 
vannah, Tenn., and in the December number from 
Comrade Grabill, of Woodstock, \'a. 

These three letters cover a period of some thirtv- 
five months, and contain the_experiences of three pris- 
oners confined there from about the 1st of April, 1862 
to the 1st of February, 1865, each one giving, no doubt. 
.1 fair representation of prison life as he saw and expe- 
rienced it. 

I landed on Johnson's Island the 29th of July, 1864, 
and remained there until the 27th of June. 1865, and 




MISS BELLE SULLIVAN, 
Daughter of United States Senator Sullivan, of Mississippi. 



Confederate l/eteran. 



113 



can vouch for the correctness of the statements of my 
comrades, beginning with my arrival there. 

I am not advised as to the particular date those 
"comfortable houses" were opened for the reception 
of the Confederates, but certainly the writer of the 
unsigned article (if he was a prisoner) was not con- 
fined there after the ist of April, 1862, if prior to that 
time. If he was at the "grand opening," or a guest on 
the inside soon thereafter, he might have been dressed 
in "purple and fine linen," and made to fare "sumptu- 
ously every day ;" otherwise his statements are so at 
variance with the facts, as could be proven by every 
Confederate now living, who was confined there, that 
we are forced to accept the only conclusion — viz., he 
either knew nothing of what he wrote, or he had some 
yet unexplained pin-pose in doing so. 

There is certainly no pleasure in recalling the mis- 
eries we endured there, and I don't suppose a line would 
have ever been written in reference to the matter but 
for the appearance of the article in question. 

Like Comrade Patterson), "I think nothing is I 
gained by recalling the wrongs bo prisoners on either 
side ; but if we do speak of them, let us have the truth." 
At this late date I am not disposed to do any one the 
least injustice, without a proper hearing. Telling the 
truth never does that, therefore I would suggest tliat 
your July correspondent, over his signature, tell us 
who he is, what command he bell nxged ti 1, at what time 
he was a prisoner on Johnson's Island, and how long 
he was confined there. 

The finer feelings of the people, both North and 
South, were not so blunted in 1 86 1 -62 as they were 
later On; prisoners were. nO doubt, better treated, and 
sonic Confederates mighl have met with unexpected 
kind treatment bv the North, ami your correspondent 
have been one of that number. Who knows but him- 
self, unless we can hear from him again through the 
Veteran? 

As to what we were given per day to cat, and how 



_^A, 


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1* ' ^ 


\£"j 


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A 


Wfffi 


W W / 



much of it. it is immaterial now, but I could have eaten 
at one time all I drew for two days. I have seen men 
eat at one sitting all they drew for three days, and take 
the chances on finding bones, catching rats, etc., to 
tide over until rations were issued again. 

Most of us used tobacco in some shape, but were 
not allowed to buy it, but thanks to a "blue coat," In- 
slipped me in half a plug or so at a time in exchange 
for finger rings, and a few of us enjoyed that luxury 
as long as it lasted. Not .1 penny's worth of anything 
was sold at the sutler's shop as long as I was there, 
nor were we allowed to receive anything to eat from 
outside, from home, friends, or any one else. 

Early in 1865, in answer to complaints from the in- 
side as to what we were given to eat. and the small 
quantity of it. from a stairway inside the prison over- 
looking quite a crowd of us. Col. Hill, commander of 
the post, said he knew our complaints were just, that 
we were not being given enough to eat, but he was 
powerless to do more than he was then doing. I be- 
lieved then he spoke the truth, and believe so yet. 
1 believed then he wis .1 good man, and believe so yet. 
ere is an abundance of unquestionable evidence in 
existence to da\ to enable us to point with a marked 
degree of certainty \^ those who were responsible for 
the suffering in both Northern and Southern prisons. 

United States War Department Reports in 1866 
show that about nine per cent of the Federals in South- 
ern prisons died, whereas of the ( ton/federates in North- 
ern prisons something over twelve per cent died. This 
ought to be a valuable pointer in determining who 
cared for prisoners best. 



MKS. KLLEN AI'.MK HKA I I \ , 

The eminent Florida White, great-aunt oi Miss Sullivan, or oppoalte page. 

3** 



ABOUT ECTOR'S AND McNAlR'S BRIGADES, 

J. G. Met "own. of Ector's Brigade, writes: 
Ector's Brigade from Texas and McNair's from 
Arkansas were in tin Army of Tennessee, and fought 
side bv side in many battles. If either brigade was 
ever whipped, 1 don't recollect it. Both brigades had 
every confidence in each other, and a very strong at- 
tachment grew up between them. Ector's Brigade 
was nicknamed Chubs; McNair's was Joshies. I well 
recollect that our brigade (Ector's)was camped at Mor- 
ton, Miss., and McNair's at Meridian, in 1863. I got 
a short furlough, and went up to Aberdeen, Miss., to 
see my grandmother. On my return I got into Merid- 
ian in the night, and found on the track a car loaded 
with flour, two hundred pounds in a sack. On inquiry 
T found that two Joshies wen- guarding it. I in- 
troduced myself as a ("hub. T stole one of the sacks 
and got it on the next train, and went on to Morton, 
my camp. Every man in these brigades remembers 
the time down on Big Black, in Mississippi, when 
Walker separated Ector's and McNair's Bri- 
gades. At that time he had a poor opinion of us. lie 
said we had no discipline, and ought to be discharged. 
Both Ector and McNair resented hi- remarks, and 
called on him about it. After the two days' fight at 
Chickamauga, Gen. Walker apologized for what he 
said, and complimented both brigades very higlih 
1 ;■. „. Ector is buried in this city, Gen. McNair, 1 learn. 
1. yet alive, and lives in Mississippi. Only a short time, 
and all of those who followed these gallant leaders will 
"cross over the river." 

( omrade J. G. McCown resides at Marshall, Tex. 



1U 



Confederate l/eterap. 



TERRIFIC FIGHTING AT WINCHESTER. 

A. S. Hardy writes from Kilmarnock, Ya. : 

In the Veteran for November, 1900, Maj. Rivera, 
of the Sixth Louisiana Regiment, gives an account 
of some of the patriotic services of the Misses Yonley, 
of Winchester, Ya., and incidentally a description of 
the storming of the fort on Louisiana Heights, near 
\\ inchester, June 13, 1863. 

In his narrative the gallant Major has, through 
modesty, failed to render to Oesar the things that 
are Caesar's. 

This writer was a member of Kirkpatrick's Battery, 
from Lynchburg, Ya., which, with Milledge's Georgia 
and Massie's Yirginia Batteries, composed Nelson's 
Battalion of Artillery in Ewell's Corps. 

Immediately after the great cavalry battle near 
Brandy Station, in Culpeper County, on the 9th or 10th 
of June, 1863, Ewell's Corps started for Winchester 
to attack the forces of Gen. Milroy. 

On the morning of June 13 we moved on the town 
by the Winchester and Front Royal turnpike. On a 
commanding eminence about one-half mile east of 
where this turnpike entered the town the enemy had 
built a formidable earth fort, flanked by heavy con- 
nections on either side, all of which, as well as all 
the defenses around the town, were heavily manned 
by artillery, which was by far the most efficient branch 
of the enemy's service. 

On the south of this fort the ground sloped away 
for several hundred yards to a bottom, and then rose 
again to the top of a hill nearly as high as that on 
which the fort was situated. On the top of this south 
hill our battalion was posted with orders to give the 
fellows in the big fort a pounding. A North Carolina 
brigadier was posted in the bottom in our front for 
the purpose of charging the aforesaid fortification 
when the proper time came. After a promiscuous 
thumping and pounding had been administered to 
each other by the opposing batteries, some one in 
authority on our side thought the time to charge had 
arrived. The order was given, and away went our 
Tar Heels in gallant style up the hill. It was a brave 
charge, and as they went the ground was dotted with 
their dead and wounded. As they neared the top of 
the hill we were ordered to cease firing, and then they 
had to go it alone. 

The struggle was short and sharp, and in a few min- 
utes our Tar Heels were sent down that hill faster than 
they went up. When they reached the bottom they 
sheltered themselves there as best they could, when 
our artillery was ordered to pound the enemy again. 
While this was going on Smith's Virginia Brigade 
was brought up and prepared for the assault. After 
a while the order was given, and down the slope they 
went. On reaching the bottom it was said that Gen. 
Smith called out : "Lie down, Tar Heels, and let brave 
Virginians go over you." He was told in vigorous 
language that it would not be long before his brave 
Virginians would be glad to get in there too. 

Many brave North Carolinians joined in this 
charge, and up the hill the second rush was made with 
loud cheering. 

This time the enemy resisted more stubbornly than 
before, being greatly encouraged by their previous 
success. 



Afrer another struggle the result was the same a- 
before. The Virginians came down the hill faster than 
they went up, and were glad to get shelter in the bot- 
tom with the Tar Heels. 

But this position had to be carried, cost what it 
might. So the artillery was ordered to open on them 
again. This was replied to not only by the main fort 
but also by all the fortifications in range of this ground. 
This last shelling was fierce, furious, and lengthy. 
While it was going on the Louisiana Brigade was 
brought up to attempt what had twice proven a fail- 
ure. When ordered forward they moved as steadily 
as a great wave. On reaching the bottom many brave 
men from each brigade went with them. The enemy 
met them with great cheers and a storm of bullets and 
canister, while Rebel shells for their help were scream- 
ing dangerously over their heads. 

Pandemonium seemed to have broken loose this 
time. As the assaulting column moved up the hill 
many brave men fell to rise no more. The advance 
was not very rapid, but was made with a steadiness 
that has rarely been equaled. So far as we could see, 
not a musket was fired from our side until the men 
were jumping over the works ; the reliance was on 
cold steel. On reaching the works the enemy met 
them bravely, but they could not resist that time. The 
wave broke over their defenses, which were entered 
with soul-inspiring yells. After a few volleys the big 
garrison flag was hauled down from the tall flagstaff, 
the enemy surrendered, the fort was ours, and Mil- 
roy's position at Winchester was made untenable. 

It must not be understood that the writer intends 
any reflection upon the North Carolina and the Vir- 
ginia troops. These brave men had many times before 
shown their pluck, and did so many times afterwards. 
The enemy also on all three occasions fought desper- 
ately. 

The main reason of the failure of North Carolina and 
Virginia troops was because the enemy had not been 
sufficiently hammered by the artillery before the third 
assault. Yet we must bear in mind that Louisiana 
had the discouraging object lesson before them : two 
failures by first-class troops, with their dead and 
wounded lying right in their path. To Louisiana be- 
long the honors on this memorable day, and our 
Commanding General Ewell knew and appreciated it 
by directing that the stubbornly contested hill should 
be henceforth known as Louisiana Heights. 

Our command witnessed many great and gallant 
charges during the operations of the Army of North- 
ern Virginia (including Pickett's at Gettysburg and 
the Irish Brigade at Fredericksburg) ; yet we were 
generally agreed that for intrepidity, steadiness, and all 
other qualities which make up the veteran soldier we 
never saw this charge excelled, even in Lee's army. 



CANT LEAVE IF THE BATTLE IS TO BEGIN. 

B. M. Zettler (of Eighth Georgia Regiment), Atlan- 
ta, Ga., writes of an incident that illustrates the spirit 
of our soldiers during the war for Southern inde- 
pendence : 

Many instances of individual bravery and daring by 
private soldiers in our Southern army deserve the trib- 
ute of public mention, and those who were witnesses of 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



115 



such deeds are not doing justice to their companions, 
living or dead, in keeping silent concerning them. Let 
all who were witnesses of individual acts of heroism and 
sacrifice for our cause hasten to place them on record 
for the benefit of posterity, and as a just tribute to merit 
and worth. One such I furnish the Veteran, express- 
ing regret that I had not long ago secured its publica- 
tion. 

For three weeks those two masters in the art of war. 
Lee and McClellan, had been facing each other like 
two skilled players in a game of chess. The Confed- 
erate army under Joe Johnston had been pressed back 
until it was at the very gates of Richmond, and with 
eager eyes McClellan's soldiers from the north side of 
the Chickahominy gazed at the church steeples in the 
Confederacy's capital city, only six miles away. 

But Lee was in command of the army that stood be- 
tween them and the coveted prize, and the impression 
had gone out that not another foot of ground would 
be yielded without a battle. 

The seacoast and gulf cities had been stripped of 
every regiment that could possibly be spared, and the 
newspapers were appealing to all who were absent 
from their commands on furlough to return and save 
our beloved capital from the invader, 

Among such absentees was John Krenson, of ( om 
pany B, Eighth Georgia Regiment, one of Bartow's 
"beardless boys" from Savannah, lie had been severe 
ly wounded in the memorable "pine sapling" thicket 
at Manassas, and had never completely recovered from 
his wound. It was said, in fact, that his surgeon had 
pronounced him permanently disabled and unfit for 
further service in the field. But when the news came 
that McClellan's army was in sight of Richmond, lie 
could stay away no longer, and set out to rejoin his 
company. He came to us, I think, about the time we 
took up our position at Price's farm, live miles from 
Richmond, and a short distance north of Nine Mile 
road. The enemy's pickets were then less than three 
hundred yards in our front, and each succeeding morn- 
ing they appeared in a new position and still nearer 
to us. As each day drew to its closej those of us on 
the picket line felt that the battle must certainly begin 
on the morrow. After a brief trial of his strength, 
Krenson had found that the surgeons were right. He 
could not stand active service, and a final discharge 
had been given to him. But he lingered in camp, and 
to each surprised inquirer as to w hy he did ni >t go hi one 
he would reply with the question, "Do you think the 
battle will begin soon?" and to the invariable answer, 
"Yes," he would add, "Then I cannot leave now." 
And so during two weeks he waited, thinking each 
day that the battle would occur ere the setting of an- 
other sun. 

Finally, on the 26th of June, upon our extreme left 
at Mechanicsville, the battle was on. Friday, the 27th, 
it raged furiously farther down on McClellan's right 
flank, and in the afternoon at Ellison's and Gaines's 
Mills and (old Harbor. McClellan's right wing was 
doubled back at right angles to his original main line, 
and what that cautious leader's next move would be 
not even the astute Lee was able to guess. 

Saturday came, and with it an order to Gen. Magru- 
der. holding our center across the Nine Mile road, to 
make a demonstration against the enemy's lines in his 



front. "Tige" Anderson's and Benning's Georgia Bri- 
gades were ordered forward. Companies A and B, of 
the Eighth Georgia, were ordered out as skirmishers 
to cover the front of the advancing column and drive 
in the enemy's pickets and sharpshooters. Krenson 
Was in his place in the skirmish line. The running fight 
was at short range, and almost at every step some one 
went down ; and among the first to fall, a sacrifice to 
that attempt to "feel the enemy," was brave, proud 
John Krenson. An honorable discharge in his pocket, 
a sharpshooter's bullet in his heart, that brave, young 
soldier boy was "off duty forever." 



EXPERIENCE IN PROCURING INFORMATION. 

Rev. A. D. Brooks writes from Milford. Tex., an 
interesting story which, in substance, is as follows: 

Before the war my home was in Liberty, Mo., but 
in [860 1 went to Williamsburg, Ky., to spend the 
summer, and in the fall I was detained by sickness 
of myself and wife, so that I had to remain through 
the winter. When not sick I taught school, and on 
Saturdays and Sundays I preached. During this time 
I became acquainted with the country and the people. 
In the winter 1 was called to take the principalship of 
the Franklin Academy, at Jacksboro, Tenn., and also 
to the pastorate of the Baptist Church at that place. 
About a year later, early in 1862, Col. Joel A. Battle 
and Col. Dave ( lummings were sent there with their 
regiments by Gen. Zollicofer, who then had his head- 
quarters at Knoxville, Tenn. They took possession of 
the academy for hospital purposes, and thus stopped 
my sch. 10I, 

\t this time the Federal troops were concentrating 
at Camp Dick Robinson. Col. Battle wanted some 
civilian acquainted with the country to make a trip 
over that way, and ascertain all he could about the 
enemy and their plans. Col. Terhune. postmaster at 
Tackson. the only other real Southern man whose 
proclivities were then known, recommended me as a 
suitable person to go. I had kindred over there, and, 
having spent the previous summer teaching and 
preaching in that region, it was thought I could safely 
accomplish the mission. 1 was soon well mounted. 
with hymn book and Bible in my saddlebags, was off 
over the mountain and down the dear Fork of Cum- 
berland river to my old brother-in-law, William Skeens, 
where I spent the night. The next day I rode into 
Williamsburg and dined with my friend, Jim Cutbirth, 
with whom I had boarded when I taught there the 
summer of i860. After dinner and an hour's chat, I 
called upon my old preacher friend. David Sutler. 
From there I crossed the Cumberland and went eight 
miles northeast to Hezekiah McKeehan's, a brother- 
in-law, on Meadow Creek, where I stopped the second 
night. The next day being Friday, and knowing of 
a meeting coming on Saturday, and being well ac- 
quainted with the pastor. Rev. Berrv Foley, I went to 
his home, some seven or eight miles north of Camp 
Dick Robinson. He was very glad to see me. and soon 
told me I must go with him to his meeting, which was 
several miles nearer the camp, and I consented. We 
spent the night pleasantly, talking much of the war 
as well as of the coming meeting, neither of us express- 
ing ourselves as to which side we favored. 



116 



Confederate l/eterai). 



Saturday morning early found us on our way to the 
church, each well equipped with the implements of 
our warfare — the hymn book and Bible. In due time 
we arrived at the church, and found quite a number of 
the good old farmers of that country present and busily 
engaged in discussing the war question. Some of them 
had been with their marketing to the camp the day 
before. They appeared to be reliable men. and spoke 
very knowingly about the plans at the camp. That 
evening Brother Foley and I went home with a good 
old brother and his wife, who had a son in camp, and 
they expected him home that night. We fared sump- 
tuously and talked much, and at supper time the son 
came in. All were glad to see him. By Sunday after- 
noon I had gained all the information I wanted, and 
returned with the pastor. Monday I returned to Mc- 
Keehan's, on Meadow Creek, and remained with him 
until late in the evening, when I started for Williams- 
burg. I was impressed somehow that I should not go 
through there, and knowing where there was a ford on- 
the river, near a sugar camp where I had been, I turned 
to the left and crossed the Cumberland a few miles 
above the town, and then up the Clear Fork on the 
east side. Night overtook me when at the river, and 
I had a narrow road then under the beach limbs for 
twelve miles to the place I intended to cross Clear 
Fork, just below Skeen's, where I had stayed the week 
before. 

The young Federal soldier, who came home where 
we spent the Saturday night, returned to camp on Sun- 
day afternoon, and reported me as being there from 
Jacksboro. The officers knowing that Confederate 
troops were there, became suspicious, and on Monday 
they started him and another soldier after me. They 
came to McKeehan's after I had gone, and, learning 
that I had left, they started hard after me, but were 
told I had turned at the sugar camp, which satisfied 
their minds that I was avoiding something. Late in 
the night, or rather near day on Tuesday morning, 
they overtook me just before I crossed the Clear Fork. 
They insisted that I should return with them imme- 
diately, but I told them I had a brother-in-law two 
miles from there, and we wO'idd go there for breakfast 
and feed our horses. To this they readily consented, 
as they had traveled all day and night, and were tired 
and hungry. I told them that Capt. Skeen could sat- 
isfy them about my business. I awoke the family, and 
they were all much surprised to see me in company 
with two soldiers. Explanations were promptly made, 
and my escorts (?) were satisfied that I was just a 
minister, and had been on a friendly visit to kindred 
and friends. During this time quite a number of winks 
and knowing glances had been exchanged, all to my 
pdvantasje, and very much to my delight. After break- 
fast, a few hours' talk, and a short nap, my young 
friends started back, having been bountifully replenished 
with some good old peach brandv, which the Captain 
always kept, of his own make. Directly after seeing 
them start toward Williamsburg, I mounted my tired 
horse, and before night T was across the mountain and 
in the beautiful Powell's Valley and down to Bat- 
tle's headquarters, where some go'od, hearty laughs 
were had over the greenness of the two young recruits 
of Uncle Sam's army. 

After making a full report to Col. Battle, I sought 



my home, where I enjoyed a good night's rest. Two 
days after, Cols. Battle and Cummings were on the 
road over to the Wild Cat fight, and a few days later 
they returned, only to go down to the Fishing Creek 
battle, in which Gen. Zollicofer was killed. 

About this time it became known that I had borne 
news from Camp Dick Robinson to the Confederate 
troops, and my dear friend Terhune, the postmaster, 
told me the Union people (they were all that) were 
threatening me, and that I had better get away. That 
night I left on the stage for Knoxville, and from there 
to Mississippi, and, after a score of years there, to my 
home in the Lone Star State. 



BATTLE OF FRANKLIN. 

D. H. Patterson, Arcadia, La.: 

Thirty-six years ago I was a humble participant in 
the battle of Franklin, which I believe was as bloody 
a contest as ever occurred in the history of the world. 
I shall not attempt to describe the battle, which has 
already been done by Gen. Gordon and others, and 
published in the Veteran. 

The circumstances leading up to the battle were 
highly interesting and dramatic. The command of 
Gen. Hood reached Columbia, Tenn., November 28, 
where we found the enemy intrenched. A picket line 
was immediately established, and advanced to within 
view of their works. At daylight on the 29th the 
pickets were ordered forward, when we found the 
earthworks abandoned. The enemy had retired across 
the river during the night. 

Our regiment, which had been on picket and which 
had advanced into the town of Columbia, was recalled. 
Stewart's and Cheatham's corps were ordered to cross 
the river, about four miles above the town, and pro- 
ceed without delay to Spring Hill. The crossing was 
effected by a pontoon bridge. The line of march was 
begun over cbuntry roads, and vigorously pursued un- 
til about 2 p.m., when we reached the neighborhood 
of the pike, just in the rear of Spring Hill, where we 
bivouacked until daylight. We could hear the can- 
nonading at Columbia, which assured us that we had 
gained our purpose, and had the enemy cut off from 
relief or escape. Up to this time the management was 
perfect. If we had formed line of battle across the 
pike, not a man could have escaped. The halt was an 
unfortunate, an inexcusable mistake. By daylight, 
when we resumed our march, the enemy retreated 
along the pike, and had entirely escaped the trap in 
which they were caught. As we reached the pike the 
enemy's rear could be discovered on long stretches of 
road two miles ahead. Gen. Forrest rode by the side 
of the line, and, overtaking Gen. Quarles, our briga- 
dier, he vigorouslv condemned him for the display of 
incapacity. It had a very demoralizing effect on the 
men. I could hear remarks to the effect that Hood 
had purposely let them escape in order to gain greater 
glory from whipping them in their breastworks. There 
was absolutely no expectation that they could with- 
stand us, as our force was believed to be three to one. 

We pressed them rapidly, marching in quick time. 
Every one or two hundred yards we would pass an 
abandoned wagon with the team shot down in the 
traces. There was every evidence of haste and fright. 



(^federate l/eterai). 



117 



Our regiment, the First Alabama, headed the column, 
and on reaching a point from which Franklin could 
be seen, Gen. Hood raised his lorgnette and gazed in- 
tently. As we reached him he gave the command, 
"By file right," and the march was continued through 
woods and fields until we reached Harpeth River, back 
of Franklin. On reaching this point we were halted 
and formed line of battle. The manner of our approach 
ro the town placed the right much nearer Franklin than 
the left, and the execution of a right wheel was neces- 
sary to adjust the trouble. We w ere now within a half 
mile of Franklin, and ready for the advance. I could 
see the line for a half mile on each side, and it was 
grand. The generals and colonels were all ahead of 
the line, and from appearances were perfectly indiffer- 
ent to the danger of the situation. The command 
forward was given. The line stepped off promptly, 
while a band or two on a near elevation began to play 
"Dixie," which elicited a Rebel yell that doubtless 
struck terror into the hearts of the Federals crouching 
behind their imposing breastworks. There were two 
lines of works in our front, and, as we advanced, the 
enemy precipitately withdrew to the second. Though 
the firing was pretty heavy, very little damage was 
done. 

When we reached the first line of breastworks, the 
men seemed to think the trouble was over, and fell 
down to avoid the bullets. The command "Forward !" 
was again given, but the men did not go. I climbed 
on top of the breastworks and repeated the command 
several times without effect, and, seeing the line on 
my right going forward, I hastened to attach myself 
to' it. 

( >n reaching the second line of works, in which the 
Federals were standing and firing with all the rapidity 
possible, I fell down behind it and ceased to lie an actor 
in the great tragedy of war. For an hour I witnessed 
as sublime bursts of courage as it is possible for human 
beings to display. The gallantry of Hobson, which 
startled the world by its dramatic splendor, is a mere 
trifle when compared with the unspeakably desperate 
courage which characterized the attack and defense of 
Franklin. For more than an hour two lines of men 
fought with but a pile of dirt between them. In firing. 
the muzzles of the guns would pass each other, and 
nine times out of ten, when a man rose to fire, he fell 
hack dead. 

It is to be remembered that the troops were all in 
confusion, that there were no organized commands, 
Officers and soldiers had straggled forward to this 
point of certain and swift death, and they determined 
to kill as many as possible in the few minutes they 
had to live. At frequent intervals the men would rise 
with the determination to go over and fight it out. 
Three times Col. Dick Williams rose with the cry, "Fol- 
low me!" and three times I seized the tail of his coat 
and held him back. 

A student of history, commenting upon the battle, 
writes this opinion: "No man was sanguine enough 
to feel that he could reach the second line and live. 
and vet there were many who dared to approach it. 
The history of the world may record parallel cases, 
but there will never be found a page of more surpass- 
ing heroic splendors than the one thai tells of the men 
in gray at the battle of Franklin " 



REBURIAL OF CONFEDERATES IN MARYLAND. 
A striking evidence that brave men, no matter where 
they die, are never forgotten by those who have suf- 
fered for the same cause was brought before the peo- 
ple of Cumberland, Rid., on October 23, 1900. For 
many years the veterans of Cumberland looked for- 
ward to a time when they should gather the remains 
of their old comrades buried in obscure places in the 
community, and lay them to rest in a place secme 
from any future possibility of removal. The James 
Breathed Camp, of Cumberland, took the matter up, 
and the burial services of October 23 was a tender 
closing scene to their labor of love. 1 lie -acred cer- 
emony of interment was most imposing. Gray-beard 
ed veterans stood with uncovered heads around the 
carefully erected brick vault, and their demeanot told 
more plainly than words that their respect for the 
sacred ashes was as great as had been their love Eoi 
the living when they had marched side by side to the 
drum beat, 

During the reading of the beautiful poem, by J. F. 
Ratigan, "To the Unknown Dead," many eyes were 
moist. 

Beneath I d, straggling tx 

Of these old storm-swept trees, 
Unmarked by slab or marble urn, 
Six soldiers sleep at ease; 

, dm. and noise of strife 
s. mis from sweet i< 
md the fray and war of life, 
A grand eternal pi 
It was not theirs to win renown, 
y's pages, 
ive their deeds go thundering d 
Through all the coming a; 
No shaft or monumental stone 

Is seen above the sod ; 
Their names, their lives, are all unknown 

To all except their God. 
No mother's tears will mark the pi 

Where they in quiet sleep. 
No sister, sweetheart, wife, or friend 

Shall patient vigils k, c p ; 
No father's moan- or brother's sigh- 
Will stir their long, long rest; 
And who .-hall judge their sacrifice 

But Him who knoweth best? 
And He alone the cause -hall try. 

\\ e only see a part, 
For while man iudges by the act. 
1 K- judges by the heart. 
Following is a list of those interred : Ff. W. Fulden- 
wider. second lieutenant Company E, Twentv-Third 
North Carolina Infantry, died July 29. 1864; John A. 
Smith, Oompan) F, Fifty-Second Virginia Infantry, 
died .August 1, [864; Watson M. Ramsay, Company 
F, Twenty-Third Virginia Infantry, died August 7, 
1N04; Nicholas A. Gilbert, sergeant Company F, Fifty- 
Eighth Virginia Infantry, died August 9, 1864; Allen 
Brown, Companj C, Thirtj Seventh North Carolina 
Tnfantrv. died 1 Ictober 1 1. [864; Joel R. Stow. Com- 
pany A, Eighth Tennessee Cavalry, died April 8, 1865. 
The above were disinterred at C'larvsville. The 
others were Charles Wagner, disinterred at Pollock's 
farm. James O. Choen, an unknown soldier, the latter 
[WO having Keen disint Trod at Folck's Mill. 



118 



Confederate l/eterap, 



JEFfEFSON DAVIS. 

Dr. J. Win. Jones, Chaplain General of the United 
Confederate Veterans, furnishes the address of Mr. 
Jefferson Davis at a meting of the Southern Historical 
Society in New Orleans. The speech before the Asso- 
ciation in New Orleans was made at a secret session, 
when it was understood that no reporters were to be 
present, and nothing of the meeting published, but 
the Secretary, John H. Murray, had a stenographer 
there, who took it down verbatim, and he gave it to 
me as a special favor. I published it in my "Memorial 
Volume," and that is the only form in which it has 
ever been published. It is remarkable for its con- 
servatism and peace-promoting spirit, delivered to the 
veterans, when it was never expected to see the light. 

When the venerable soldier and statesman arose to 
respond to the introduction, deafening cheers greeted 
him, and, by common impulse, the whole assembly 
stood up in exulting reverence and respect. Mr: 
Davis, as soon as the applause permitted, began in a 
low voice, but gradually warmed up to inspiriting 
tones. 

ADDRESS OF ^PRESIDENT DAVIS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: It would be more than super- 
fluous to address to a New Orleans audience any argu- 
ment in favor of the preservation of the history of our 
Confederate struggle. Your course is too well known, 
marked by too many deeds, both in war and in peace, 
to render it at all doubtful that your hearts beat in time 
to the cause for which so many of your bravest and 
best have died. 

The early colony of Louisiana consisted of men who 
were refuges from conquest, and who, guided by pa- 
triotism and sustained by valor, plunged into the 
wilderness to make for themselves a new home. Their 
descendants have shown from that day to this the 
same characteristics which marked their fathers. 

I believe it has been generally conceded, and I think- 
most truly, that never was a people more universally 
gallant than the Creoles of Louisiana. [Applause.] 

At the very first call of the late war your citizens 
rushed forth to the defense of their country, and you 
gave of your sons the first who reduced the fort that 
threatened to blockade a Southern harbor. And there 
was, in the first great battle of Manassas one who so 
distinguished himself as to be promoted on the field 
to the highest grade in the Confederate army. Such 
was your Beauregard. [Applause.] It would con- 
sume the whole evening to attempt to enumerate the 
list. You have seen standing before you here to in- 
troduce me one who went forth to the battle in the 
vigor of manhood, who lost a limb, and waited but for 
convalescence, when he again hastened to the field, 
and sacrificed another limb. (Applause.) What is 
left of him is more precious to you still, like Sibylline 
leaves, growing in value as thev were reduced in bulk. 
But when the war was over, then the fair daughters 
of Louisiana (it is always the women who are first in 
good work) originated that plan of decorating- the 
graves of the Confederate dead, paying to them an- 
nually a tribute of flowers, which, in their beautv and 
recurring vitality, best express the everlasting love 
you bear toward the dead. 

Then here in New Orleans was organized the His- 



torical Society, with a view to preserving the records 
of the Confederate war. That Soavty has been re- 
moved, but still looks back to this, the place of its 
birth. Here, where more than in any other city, you 
had been swept by the besom of desolation, where 
you had been more terribly pillaged than any other 
town that had been overrun ; here have arisen more 
monuments to the Confederate heroes than in any 
other city of the South. Glorious New Orleans ! You 
have the right to be proud of the past, and we have 
the right to be expectant of you in the future, for 
there is yet a higher and a more immediate duty to 
perform. Monuments may crumble, their inscriptions 
may be defaced by time, but the records, the little 
slips of paper which contain the memorial of what is 
past will live forever. To collect and preserve these 
records is, therefore, our highest duty. They are said 
to be in danger. The Southern Historical Society 
appeals to you now. They appeal to you in the midst 
of your disaster, when your country has been over- 
whelmed by a flood, and when there is a want of means 
to supply the necessities of your people. Still the His- 




JEFFERSON DAVIS. 

torical Society comes to Louisiana as the first place, 
in which they ask that the Confederate records should 
be perfected and protected. I do not doubt that you 
will respond to the extent of your ability; that you 
will here inaugurate a movement which, growing and 
extending from city lo city and year to year, will ren- 
der certain the preservation of those archives, the 
value of which it is impossible to compute. It is a 
duty we owe to the dead — the dead who died for us, 
but whose memories can never die. It is a duty we 
owe to posterity to see that our children shall know 






Qo^federat^ 1/eterarL 



119 



the virtues and rise worthy of their sires ; to see that 
the sons grow up worthy of their noble mothers — 
those mothers who never faltered through all the 
hours of trial through which we passed. (Applause.) 

They who now sleep in the grave cannot be bene- 
fited, it is true, by anything we do ; their cause has 
gone before a higher tribunal than any earthly judg- 
ment seat, but their children and their children's chil- 
dren are to be benefited by preserving the record of 
what they did, and, more than all, the morale with 
which they did it. As for me — I speak only for my- 
self — our cause was so just, so sacred, that, had I 
known all that lias come to pass, had I known what 
was to be inflicted upon me, all that my country was 
to suffer, all that our posterity was to endure, I would 
do it all over again. [Great applause.] 

It is to me most desirable that the conduct of our 
men in defense of that cause should be so presented 
to the world as to leave no stain upon it. They went 
through trials which might have corrupted weaker 
men, and yet throughout the war I never went into 
an army without finding their camp engaged in prayer. 
After the war was over, sec how many of these men 
who bore muskets in the ranks became ministers of 
the gospel. It is your good fortune to have one pre- 
siding over your diocese now, and who is the successor 
of one who drew his last breath on the field of battle, 
the glorious, holy Bishop Polk! 

It is not necessary that wc should have recorded 
what is conceded by all the world, that our men were 
brave, that they had a power of endurance and self- 
denial which was remarkable, but if you would have 
your children rise to the high plane you desire them 
to occupy, you must add the evidence of their father's 
chivalry and forbearance from that staining crime of 
the soldier, plunder, under all the circumstances of 
the war. True, we did not invade to any great 
extent, though we did to some. It is a fact which I 
am happy to remember that when our army invaded 
the enemy's country their property was safe. I draw 
no comparisons, as I am speaking now of our people 
and of our country. If somebody else did not behave 
as well, let it rest. [Laughter.] 

We had no army ar the opening of the war; our de- 
fenders were not professional soldiers. They were 
men who left their wives, children, and peaceful occu- 
pation, and, at the first call of their country, seized 
such arms as they could gather, and rallied around 
their flag like a wall of fire to defend the rights their 
fathers left them. Could there be a cause more sacred 
than this' Tf there be anything that justifies human 
war, it is defense of country, of family, of constitu- 
tional rights. [Applause.] Tf T be asked, as is possi- 
ble, Whv do you wish to perpetuate these bitter mem- 
ories T say. in no spirit of vengeance, with no desire 
for vainglory, with no wish for sectional exaltation, 
but that the postcritv of men. such as T have described, 
may rise equal to their parents, higher if possible, and 
that the South may exhibit for all time to come the 
noble qualities which her sons have heretofore mani- 
fested. [Applause.] 

Examples to posterity of the cardinal virtues of man- 
kind, they lived for humanity, and it is only by pre- 
serving your records, by gathering those incidents, 
which are apt to be forgotten, that you can hope to 



convey to future generations an exact idea of the men 
who served through our struggle. It is not enough to 
say that some general won a battle ; that doesn't teach 
you his character. It is not enough to say where some 
army displayed great valor, stormed a work, or de- 
fended one. Show the character of the men, how they 
behaved in the field and in the camp. For this you 
should collect and collate such evidence as our worthy 
friend, Gen. Nicholls, has said it was th( t this 

ety to gather. 

The highest quality of man is self-sacrifice. The 
man who gives his life for another, who surrenders 
all his earthly prospects that his fellow-men may be 
benefited, has most followed that grand Exemplar 
given as a model for weak humanity. That 
we had many men in the Confederate service who for- 
got self in the defense of right, it is the purpose of this 
ety, bj collecting the evidena w t<> the 

world. 

I constantly find myself impelled to drift into com- 
parative narration, which I wish to avoid. Let it suf- 
fice to say that T would have our children's children to 
know not only that our cause was just (that may be 
historically established), but to have them know- that 
the men who sustained it were worthy of the cause 
for which they fought. These are the great objects 
For which your cooperation is invoked. 

The other side has written, and is writing, their stat< 
ment of the ease. We wish to presenl ours also, that 
the future historian, by considering both, may deduce 
the unbiased statement, which no contemporary could 
make. 

T will frankly acknowledge that T would distrust the 
man who served the Confederate cause and was capa- 
ble of giving a disinterested account of it. [Applause ] 
Tf he had any heart, it must be on his own side. I 
would not give two pence for a man whose heart was 
so cold that he could be quite impartial. You remem- 
ber the fable of the lion who. seeing a statue which 
represented a lion prostrate, and a man victorious, 
bending over him, said that if a lion had made the 
statue the figures would have been reversed. We 
want our -;ide of the war so fully and exactly stated 
that the men who come after us may compare and do 
justice in the case. 

You all know how utterly unprepared we were when 
we engaged in the w-ar, without money, without an 
army, without credit, without arms or ammunition, 
or factories to make them. Wc went into the strug- 
gle relying solely em brave hearts, strong arms, and, 
unfortunately, many relying on deciding the issue by 
argument. When they found they were mistaken — 
that it was the dread ordeal of battle by which the 
question was to lie settled — they shrank not from it. 
and T do contend their valor was equaled only by the 
morale of their conduct throughout the struggle. The 
unanimity of our people and the heroism of our sol- 
diers has caused us to be the admiration of the world. 
They know the disadvantages under which we fought : 
they know the great achievements which we made. 
But there is much that is not known. You may ask 
the schoolbov in the lowest form. Who commanded 
at the pass of Thermopylae? He can tell you. But, 
my friends, there are few in this audience who. if I 
asked them, could tell me who commanded at Sabine 



120 



Confederate l/eterai}. 



Pass. And yet that battle of Sabine Pass was more 
remarkable than the battle of Thermopylae, and, when 
it has orators and poets to celebrate it, will be so es- 
teemed by mankind. 

The disparity of numbers was greater, the inequality 
of arms was greater. When an iron-clad fleet came to 
pass the Sabine, so as to invade the interior of Texas, 
an Irish lieutenant, with forty-two men behind a little 
mud fort, having only field guns for its armament, held 
them in check. When he asked for instructions he 
was told he had better retire. But this gallant man 
said : "We will never retire." 

[The speaker went on to relate how the Irish lieu- 
tenant, Dowling, had captured two of the war vessels 
on September 9, 1863, and taken a great number of 
prisoners.] ' .< 

It is our duty to keep the memory of our heroes 
green. Yet they belong not to us alone ; they belong 
to the whole country ; they belong to America. And 
we do not seek to deprive "Americans" of the glory • 
of such heroes as we have produced. Nor were their 
services rendered in our war those only which claim 
grateful remembrance. There was pious Jackson, the 
man who, when he was waiting for the troops to move 
up, would, under a storm of bullets, be lost in ejacu- 
latory prayer; the man who, when he bent over a 
wounded comrade, would feel a woman's weakness 
creep into his eyes; the man who came like a thun- 
derbolt when his friends most needed him and his 
enemies least expected his coming, was the same who 
had marched into the valley of Mexico to sustain the 
flag of the United States. That man who had been 
the terror of the enemy in the hour of battle, but was 
as peaceful as a lamb after the conflict, when he found 
lie was on a bed of death, calmly folded his arms, 
resigning his soul to God, and saying : "Let us cross 
over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees." 
We do not claim to appropriate all his glory, but we 
hold dear every part of him that nobody else wants. 

And there was Lee, the calm, faithful, far-seeing, 
dauntless Lee. As a soldier and engineer he pene- 
trated the Mexican pedrigal, and discovered a route 
by which the army must be led. To him more than 
to anybody else must be ascribed the capture of the 
city of Mexico. 

We do not wish :o wholly appropriate the glory of 
Lee, but shall willingly share it with those who have 
an equal right to it, and we should rather they would 
claim some share of the grand conduct of Lee at Chan- 
cellorsville, Fredericksburg, the Wilderness, and ev- 
erywhere that soldiers met soldiers against mighty 
odds. 

There was the great Gen. Sidney Johnston, distin- 
guished in the Black Hawk war and the siege of 
Monterey. Holding a position in the army with a rank 
beyond his age and prospects the most inviting to a 
soldier, he surrendered everything in order to vindi- 
cate the principles he believed to be true, and came 
with nothing but his tight arm and his good sword to 
offer his services to the Confederacy. Never was man 
truer to his duty, more devoted to his cause, or 
more sincere in his purposes, as was shown in the hour 
of his death, when, on the field of Shiloh, having driven 
the enemy from every position before him save one, 
which he saw must be carried to make the victory 



complete, he led a column to storm it. Receiving a 
death wound, from which the lifeblood was pouring, 
he recked not of himself, but thinking, feeling only of 
his 1 wn country and its cause, rode on until he fell life- 
less from his horse. 

May not the genius of patriotism, as she bent over 
the form of the soldier so pure, so true, so devoted, 
have dropped a tear on a sacrifice so untimely slain 
upon her altar? Then I repeat it, such men do not 
belong to us alone. Shall their memories fade, and 
rising generations not feel the influence of such grand 
examples? May it not well come to pass that in some 
hour of the country's need, future generations, aware 
of the grandeur and the virtue of those men, will in a 
moment of disaster cry out like the ancient Scut : 

( ) Eoi an hour "f Wallace wight 

Or well --trained Bruce 
To lead the fight, 
And cry, "St. Andrew and our right." 

In some future struggle when the energy of the 
country may be taxed to its utmost, will you then find 
such men as those who have illustrated our recent 
history? They may rise, and that result will certainly 
be promoted by the course which has been advocated 
here to-night. Let the rising generation learn what 
their fathers did, and let them learn the still better 
lesson to emulate not only the deeds but the motives 
which prompted them. May God grant that sons even 
greater than their fathers may rise whenever their 
country needs them to defend her cause! [Applause.] 

Though the gallantry and capacity of the Confed- 
erate troops was so often and so brilliantlv exhibited 
as to be undeniable and undenied, yet we have been 
inconsistently charged with cruelty to prisoners. I 
say inconsistently, because brave men are never cruel 
to those who are helpless and in their power. The fact 
is, we used our best efforts to alleviate the sufferings 
of the prisoners held by us. That they languished 
and died in prison was their misfortune and ours also. 
There were physical and climatic causes which we 
could not alter. We were wanting in supplies of the 
proper medicines and the kind of food to which the 
prisoners were accustomed. As the number of pris- 
oners accumulated beyond what could have been an- 
ticipated, there was not a sufficient shelter for them. 
Disease was the consequence, and the medicine re- 
quired could not be obtained because the enemy had 
made it contraband. It is a burning shame that the 
slander was ever circulated which imputed to us cru- 
elty to those who were in our power. Enough has 
been collected and published on this subject to con- 
vince any fair, disinterested mind, but let us not stop 
until the facts have been so established that not even 
malignity and slanderous falsehood can fail to be 
silenced and abashed. Let the testimony of reliable 
persons who were in our prisons be taken, especially 
the evidence of those who came to me as a delegation 
from the prisoners at Andersonville, and whom I sent 
on parole to Washington to plead for the execution 
of the' cartel for the exchange of prisoners. In due 
time they came back to report that they could not get 
an audience. Their conduct in observing their parole 
proved their honorable character, and must entitle 
them to credence. Let these and all other pertinent 



Qopfederate l/eterap, 



121 



facts be added to the testimony already of record, so 
that the odious accusations about Andersonville shall 
not be thrown in the faces of our children and our 
children's children. Time's mellowing influence has 
been felt on both sides of the Susquehanna, and our 
people sincerely appreciate the kindness shown to 
them in time of pestilence, and more recently in time 
of flood. It is the characteristic of the brave and gen- 
erous always gratefully to acknowledge any kindness 
they receive. I trust that these mellowing influences 
may grow stronger, and that at no distant day those 
offensive epithets which, in view of our history, it was 
an abuse of the English language to employ, may 
cease to be part of the Northern vocabulary. Those 
who must live together should cultivate cointclligence 
and mutual respect, in order to which not one side 
only, but both, must be heard. The Southern pe iple 
are not revengeful; the fact is they are not capable of 
lasting hate, which is the child of fear ; therefore brave 
men do not hate like cowards. [Applause.] 

Here where the Historical Societ) began, in an 
hour of utter desolation, it is here also in another 
period of disaster that T find you assembled to deter- 
mine what can be done tc preserve this Societj ami 
increase its usefulness. If you succeed in giving im- 
pulse to such an organization as will preserve this So- 
ciety, you will adfl another feather to the wing which 
I trust will bear you to prosperit) and happiness. You 
will have another claim to the admiration of bhose 
who honor virtue, and who feel gratitude for your 
generosity, and to us Confederates you will he. if pos- 

sible, doubly dear. Here in the neighborh 1 of the 

Southern cross, that emblem in the skies of our sign 
upon earth, that likeness of the battle flag which our 
men so often followed, here where the Society began, 
it is meet thai the Society should be preserved. In 
any event you are entitled to much credit, and now 
I bear a free testimony in your favor. 

My friends, it is somewhat difficult for a Confed- 
erate, whose heart-love lies buried in the grave of our 
cause, to speak to von on a subject which revives the 
memories of that period, and to speak with that for 
bearance which the occasion requires. I have tried to 
do so, and all I can say is that, if I have exceeded the 
proper limit, you don't know how hard 1 have tried 
to keep within it. [Applause.] 

Now. my friends, ladies ami gentlemen, let me as- 
sure you that the same affectionate regard, the same 
hope for you, the same belief in your prosperity, the 
-niie high expectations of New Orleans, which T have 
so often declared, will follow me in the few remaining 
davs I mai vel live among vou. r Great applause.] 

Mr. Davis was frequently applauded throughout the 
delivery of his address, and was cheered to the echo 
as he took his seat. He was also presented with a 
magnificenl floral tribute, which lie gracefully received 
amid the tumultuous applause of the crowd. 

The expression of patriotism in the foregoing re- 
calls a memorable visit to P.eauvoir, when Mr. and 
Mrs. Davis were preparing to go after their beloved 
Winnie, whose education was about completed in a 
foreign land. Mrs. Davis said: "T would not educate 
a son abroad : would not take the risk of his feeling 
that some other country was a- good as his own." 



GENERAL POLK AND HIS STAFF. 

tttmlnisceiices cui.tiuueu from January Veteran l>\ Col Philip B. Spence.l 

After the Kentucky campaign Gen. Polk's staff was 
reorganized at Knoxville, some of the officers going 
to i •ther departments. Col. Thomas M. Jack, of Texas, 
former A. D. C. to Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, was 
made chief of staff. I he staff personnel changed of ten 
while I served with Gen. Polk from July, iS6l, to 
the date of mj promotion to the command of a regi- 
ment of cavalry. The following officers served as 
members of Gen. Polk's military family (as he used to 
speak of us) from the beginning, at Memphis, to June 
14, 1 S( >4 . the sad day that this great Christian, patriot 
soldier, gave his noble life on Pine Mountain, Ga., to 
the cause so dear to the Southern people. The loss to 
the Confederacy of this grand man's sendees were 
equaled only by the loss of t fens. Sidney Johnston 
and Stonewall Jackson. Words could not express my 
grief and sorrow when the sad news reached me of the 
death of my old commander and friend. He often 
talked to me with the affection and advice of a father. 
I regretted having left him. and now, after thirty-seven 
years, I think of him with admiration and love. Fol- 
lowing is a roster of the General's staff, some serving 
only for a short time. I do not remember the correct 
rank or date of service, but many were promoted to 
higher positions : 

Col. P.. D. Blake, A. A. G. and chief of staff; 
W. B Richmond, V D. C. killed at Chick 
amauga; Col. Alex W. Campbell, A. I. G.; Lieut 
— ■ — Snowden, E. 0., killed at Columbus; Capt, 
D. B. Harris, E. O. ; Maj. Smith P. Bankead. C. 
of \.; Maj. Thomas Peters, C. Q. M.; Maj. W. D. 
Lysles, MIX; Maj. George Williamson, A. A. G. 
and chief of staff'; Capt. A. H. Polk, A. D. C, 

V A. G. ; Lieut. J. S. Lanier, A. A. D. C. (young cadets 
resigned from West Point ) ; Lieut. Harris. A. A. D. C. 
(young cadet resigned from We-t Point); Lieut. Ter- 
rett, A. A. D. C. (young cadet resigned from West 
Point), wounded at Shiloh ; Maj. II. Winslow, A. A. 
D. ('.; Maj. Randel Higgins, V Q. M ; Maj. R. M. 
Rutlege, C of \. : Lieut. Mercer Otey, S. O. ; Col. 
Thomas M lack. A. A. G. and chief of staff; Col. 
Frank Sevier'. A. I. G. ; Col. M. T. Polk. C. of A, lost 
a leg at Shiloh ; Col. Andrew Ewing. presiding judge 
on military court : Col. R. J. Morgan, judge advocate : 
Cap) W. I. Morris, E, O.; Col.' 11. C. Yeatman, V. 
A. D. C. and V D. C. ; Maj. Frank II. McNairy, V. A. 
D < '.. : Capt. Toe Philips, I, of A. : ( 'apt. Sam I Donald- 
son, : Mai Preston 1'. Scott. M.D.: Maj. R. H. 

Brewer, A. V G, killed; (apt \\ . < >. William-. A. 
D C., killed after leaving staff; Maj. R. N. Snowden. 

\ \ G. : Capt. P B Spence, A. I. G.. wounded at 
shiloh: Col Minor Meriwether. C. E. : Maj. J. T. 
Champneys, and E 0. ; Capt Joseph Dixon. E. 
: Maj. John L Murphy, C. C; Maj. W. C. Cav- 
anah. M.D. ; Lieut L. L. P.utlcr, A. A. G. : Lieut. W. 
M. Porter. V. A. D. C. ; Capt. E. B. Savers, E. O.. 
captured at Chickamauga ; Maj. L F. Gerault, A. I. G. : 
Capt. lolm Raw!.-. \.C. \ ..( >. O. ; Maj W. C.Nichols 
M. I.; Mai. Douglass West. A. A. G; Capt. I. F. 
Whele-s. \ T. G. ; Capt. W. M. Polk. I. of V; Col. 
S II Lockett. C of P.: Maj. Charles F. Vanderford. 
C. O.; Col. W. D Gale. V. \. D. C. A. D. C. ; 
Capt. Ed D. Wbodleaf, A. A. A. G; Maj. Powhatan 



122 



Confederate l/eterap. 



Ellis.A.A.G.; Capt.J. M.Williams; Maj. W. 1). Tuck- 
er. M. I; Col. Sterling, Maj. Bursley, and Oapt. ( Oliver. 

Capt. Leeds Greenleaf commanded the escort com- 
pany, which was composed of young men from the 
first families of Louisiana. 

Officers of the line regarded the positions of staff 
officers as an easy army life, but this is not correct. 
The duties of staff officers arc as arduous and dan- 
gerous as any in the army. As a rule staff officers 
were well mounted and well dressed, which was nec- 
essary, and they had possibly better mess arrange- 
ments than officers of the line. 

At Murfreesboro ihe army was reorganized and 
styled the Army of Tennessee, and retained this name 
until the end. No one who was present could ever 
forget President Davis's first visit and his reviewing 
the army at Murfreesboro. The President, a fine rider, 
splendidly mounted, and the general of the army and 
the lieutenant generals of the army corps with their 
staff officers riding rapidly around each corps, and • 
then that grand body of old soldiers wheeling into 
column of companies and marching by our President 
and the reviewing officers, with their bright guns and 
shining cannons, was a sight never to be forgotten. 

Although the Kentucky campaign had failed of its 
object, the army at Murfreesboro was in high spirits 
and in fine condition, which the desperate fighting and 
great carnage at that battle will show. The loss in 
Polk's Corps was thirty-one and a third per cent, and 
only 135 were missing, 621 killed, 3,662 wounded. 
The historv of this hard-fought battle has been fully 
written up by the best military writers. We were con- 
tending against an army (Western men) well equipped, 
tried, and seasoned soldiers. 

We drove them from every position except one, the 
"Round Forrest," their extreme left, always spoken of 
as "Hell's Half Acre" by our old soldiers, who made 
charge after charge in vain to dislodge the enemy from 
this strong position. 

The only time I remember of hastily dismounting to 
protect myself was during a hot engagement against 
"Hell's Half Acre." I was sent with orders to the 
officer in command of that part of the line, and as I 
approached officers and men yelled to me to dismount, 
that I was drawing the enemy's fire. I obeyed, and 
my horse thought it a dangerous place and left me. 
only one bullet striking my saddle. 

Riding over the battlefield on January 1, Gen. Polk 
called my attention to a great number of dead Fed- 
erals around their shattered gun carriages and cais- 
sons, and said to me : "Sir, you are a Tennesseean. 
When this war is over you should see to it that a last- 
ing monument be raised to these brave men." 

There is a monument now on the battlefield not 
very far from where these brave men fell, and I hope 
soon a national park will be established on that field, 
as it was one of the hardest fought battles of the war. 

The highest compliment Gen. Polk ever paid me 
was in the presence of Gens. Bragg, Hardee, Cheat- 
ham, Breckinridge, and others, on the night before 
the retreat (January 2) from Murfreesboro, which T 
will not repeat, and that same night he gave me the 
severest reprimand. I had been hard at work during 
the day and uo to a late hour at night, was tired, cold. 
and wet, and went to my quarters to get needed 



rest and sleep. At 3 a.m. I was awakened and in- 
formed that the General wished me to report at head- 
quarters at once. My clothes and boots were wet and 
frozen, and I lost my temper. 1 went to the General's 
office with my hat pulled down over my eyes, knowing 
that he desired me to parole prisoners. I commenced 
signing blank paroles as rapidly as possible, when the 
general turned on me, and his first words were: ''You 
must be more respectful to your superior 1 ifficer." He 
gave me a just and severe reprimand for my impolite- 
ness and want of military etiquette, which I have 
never forgotten. 

There were complaints among the officers and men, 
after the Kentucky campaign, against Gen. Bragg as 
an army commander, and after his failure at Murfrees- 
boro this complaint became general, officers and 
men expressing themselves in forcible language, all 
of the opinion that this grand, fighting, marching army 
deserved another commander. For some cause, how- 
ever, President Davis retained Gen. Bragg in com- 
mand until after the battle of Chickamauga. 

The army fell back from Murfreesboro on the night 
of January 3, Polk's Corps going to Shelbyville. Har- 
dee's to.Tullahoma. The enemv made no effort to 
follow. Early in December Gen. John H. Morgan, 
the dashing cavalryman, captured at Hartsville about 
2,500 prisoners, and brought them to Murfreesboro. 
With other officers I was sent under flag of truce with 
these prisoners to within six miles of Nashville, where 
they were paroled in the presence of Federal officers. 
This was the nearest 1 ever got to my home for more 
than four years. 

I remember of Gen. Polk's officiating as priest only 
on two occasions while T was with him. He performed 
the ceremony at the marriage of Gen. Morgan, and 
the other was at Columbus, Ky., at the deathbed of a 
gallant officer, who fell mortally wounded at Bel- 
mont. When he assumed the duties of a general he 
laid aside those of a bishop. He never resigned, and 
fully intended to resume the sacred duties, he so much 
loved, after his military career was over. The mar- 
riage of the gallant, dashing Morgan was one of the 
interesting events of the army while at Murfreesboro. 
The tragic death of this great partisan leader at Greene- 
ville, Tenn., September 24, 1864, was mourned by the 
people of the Confederate States. 

Taking advantage of a friend and fellow-officer, one 
night I was sent with orders to Maj. Gen. John A. 
Wharton on outpost duty ten or twelve miles in front 
of Murfreesboro. I suffered on the long ride with ex- 
treme cold. It was late, and I did not like the idea of 
going back before daylight. Maj. Benjamin Botts, 
Gen. Wharton's quartermaster, a warm friend of Col. 
Jack's, had comfortable quarters a short distance from 
his general's. I awakened him and informed him that 
Col. Jack, Gen. Polk's chief of staff, wished him to 
report at headquarters at once. Maj. Botts used some 
very strong language, and wanted to know if it would 
not do to report later. I informed him that he was 
wanted at once. After a good deal of complaining 
he got ready and started on his long cold ride. I oc- 
cupied his warm bunk for the rest of the night. When 
Maj. Botts reported to Col. Jack, he found that I had 
perpetrated a severe joke upon him. The next time 
that T met him he vowed that he would get even with 



Confederate l/eteran. 



123 



me for my mean treatment. He did this many years 
afterwards, by entertaining me in a princely manner at 
his elegant Texas home, and giving me an excursion 
from Houston to San Antonio on a splendid observa- 
tion car, which was enjoyed by a party of friends. Maj. 
1 '.ntls had not forgotten, but took pleasure in telling 
of how badly I treated him at Murfreesboro. Col. 
Jack and Maj. Botts, botli my warm friends, crossed 
over the river and joined the great majority years 
ago. No better or nobler men ever lived. 




CONFEDERATE Md\l MEM \l I'll A I'll AM, \ \ 

Sketch in Veteran for December, 1900, p;.:;.' t.v- 



Jackson pinned on the veterans the Crosses of Honor 
presented by the Children of the Confederacy. Our 
Chapter is growing, and our absorbing interest for the 
next two 111. mths will be preparations for a bazaar to 
funds for the veterans. \\ e to ipe other Chapters 
will help in this work." 



T. M. Walker, Whitwell, Tenn.: "I write you of a 
soldier occupying a lonely grave on my grandfather's 
plantation in Sequatchce County. His name was O. N. 
Sullivan, and my mother says he did not meet death 
in battle, but at the hands of an officer of his company 
with whom he had .1 difficulty. It may be that hi 
atives or friends would wish to move his remains it 
they knew of their resting place, and I would cheer- 
fully go with any one to the spot. It may be that wit- 
nesses of his death are Mill living; and if so. 1 should 
like to have particulars in regard to it. It is my pur- 
pose to erect a stone over his grave if there is no one 
left with a prior right." 



Mrs. Rufus Barringer, of Charlotte, N. C, writes: 
"Our chapter of U. D. C, Stonewall Jackson No. 220, 
has elected Mrs. Jackson President for life. We had 
very interesting exercises for Lee's birthday. Mrs. 



THE VIRGINIA AND NOT THE MERRIMAC. 
The ution was pased by Confeder- 

1 em. .rial Literary Society, of Richmond. \"a., 

ili.u ihe Confederate Memorial Literary Sot 
in their publications, and whenever th. 
sion to refer to the ironclad Virginia, of the Confed- 
. will give the vessel its right It is 

apparent is .is great an impropriety in call- 

in-- the \ irginia the Merrimac as there would be in 
giving 1 nandoali its original name of Sea King. 

The 1 onfederate Memorial Literary Society, of 
Richmond, \ a., is a society having a membership in 
all of tin Southern States, with Regents and \ ice Re- 
gents in the thirteen ( ^federate Slates and Maryland. 

Miss Kate Mason Rowland, who sent the copy of 
the resolution, mentii ns that thc\ etj ran of August 
previous contains an article by a Virginian called 
"Brilliant ( lareer of the Merrimac," in which the- writer 
says of this vessel: "After having been made ready 
for service n was christened Virginia, but has ever 
b& n known in naval annals as Merrimac." She 

"Mr. Higgins must refer to the- 'naval annals' of the 
United States. Certainly the Confederate Stati - 
eminent gave the vessel its name, and their 'annals' tell 
you it was the Virginia that engaged the Monitor in 
1862 Ii 1 lit, nfederates and their sons and daugh- 
ters to see t.i it that our annals preserve the trutfi 
■ if history. The United States government insults our 
Southern people by publication of 'annals' of the 
war between the States, calling our righteous n 
ance to a wai of invasion and coercion 'the war of 
the rebellion.' We are determined t.> give a correct 
name to the war. and I would remind Mr. Higgins 
that it v, as m >1 a 'civil war.' 

"Why should we not give the correct name to our 
war vessels? There are battles that in tin- military 
annals of the North receive different names from 
those in the military annals of the South. I., 
eratv or ? utheni historians pn 1 uracy in writ- 

ing of all things ''onfederate. There certainly was 
never any iron, lad Merrimac, and never any vessel of 
that name in the Confederate navy. We had the Con- 
federate ram Arkansas, the Georgia, the Florida, the 
famous Alabama, where the names of Confederate 
States are all happily associated with Confederate ves- 
sels : and is the Virginia alone — in one sense the great- 
est of all — to lose her proper name and be relegated 
back to one not belonging to her — a name, too, iden- 
tified geographically with New England, and of no 
Southern significance whatever? And a Virginian, 
certainlv, should be especially solicitous that his State 
should not lose the honor paid her by the Confe-derate 
government in the naming of the Virginia." 



124 



Qotyfederate l/eterat) 



J. B. K. Smith, of Waycross, Ga., writes: 

1 wish to correct a slight mistake in the article in 
the January Veteran in regard to Col. W. M. Inge 
as to the place of organization of the Twelfth (Grif- 
fith's) Mississippi Regiment and Infantry C. S. A. 
My company (Tombigee Rangers), (apt. J. II. Sharpe 
commanding, took its way from Columbus, Miss.. 
April 5, i S6 1 , and stopped two hours alt Corinth on 
our way to Jackson, Term., bo "get in the war.*' and 
went out to camp to see Barksdale's regiment. Thir- 
teenth Mississippi, then just organized, and Baldwin's, 
also recently organized, both regiments being from 
Columbus. On our way back to the depot we passed 
Griffith's regiment (Twelfth) in line, the finest body 
of men physically I ever saw, scarcely a man in the 
whole command who was not the picture of health, 
standing an average of five feet eleven inches in his 
stockings. 

We went on to Union City, Tenn., together with the 
companies making Blythe's Battalion, afterwards given 
as a regiment number Forty-Four by Gov. Pettus, 
under conscript reorganization subsequent to the bat- 
tle of Shiloh. My company, Blythe's, Dubarry's (Cal- 
houn Avengers). Humphreys', from Tunica, and Nes- 
bit's (De Soto Beauregards), and two Alabama com- 
panies composed the battalion. Melanchthon Smith's 
Company, the Chicbashay's Desperadoes, turned them- 
selves into artillery, and were given a battery of six 
pounders by Gen. B. F. Cheatham, and did splendid 
sen-ice under Capt. Turner and Melanchthon Smith. 
major commanding battalion artillery of Cheatham's 
command during the whole war. 

These were all the troops from Mississippi ever or- 
ganized or mustered into service at Union City, Tenn. 

I shall never forget Mrs. Inge's kindness in giving 
me some water, some "scrub," and a dose of salts for 
my wounded brother-in-law. whom I found about mid- 
night in a little cabin close to the residence. He was 
struck in the left knee by a bullet, which lamed him 
for life. I had limped from Shiloh with a hole in my 
shin made by a savage pine knot on the march from 
Purdy's Station out to the battle ground on Saturday 
before the first dav's fight. 



James Melvins, Thirty-Second Mississippi Volun- 
teers, Cleburne's Division, and of Whitworth Sharp- 
shooters, inquires for hispid comrades, Henry Harri- 
son and Jim Lawler, Sixteenth Alabama Regiment, 
Jim Moore, of a Tennessee regiment ; Jim Lane, John 

Knox, and Mixer, of an Arkansas regiment ; also 

George Armore and Barney Robart, of a Texas Regi- 
ment. Comrade Melvins would like to hear from any 
of them before the reunion. 



Private Ike Stone Camp, of Henderson, Tenn., held 
an unusually interesting meeting on the 2d of March. 
The resolutions of Gen. Gordon were unanimously in- 
dorsed. The camp will attend the reunion in a body. 

Ike Stone, the man in whose honor this Camp was 
naimed, was but a private in the ranks, yet a brave, 
generous-hearted man. After the war was over he 
went back to cultivating the soil and although stricken 
with paralysis of his lower limbs he was a better farmer 
than manv who have full use of all their limbs. He 



made a good hand hoeing and picking cotton, sitting 
in his chair and wriggling it farther along when he 
had hoed or picked as far as he'could reach. 

This Camp was organized nearly a year ago with a 
membership of about twenty, and is steadily growing. 
The old boys relate many interesting and laughable 
incidents. 

Reunion of Hood's Texas Brigade at Galveston. — The 
local committee of Galveston for the reception and 
entertainment of Hood's Texas Brigade on the 27th 
and 28th of June next are now at work getting the dif- 
ferent sub-committees established so as to make that 
reunion one of the grandest the old brigade has ever 
had. The Committee on Transportation say they will 
get a very low rate, and as soon as all details are for- 
mulated as to rates and programme it will be pub- 
lished. The Secretary, George A. Branard, writes : 
"You are not expected to come in full dress suits, but 
•just as you are in everyday life. The old clothes you 
had, or have, like these worn in your four years' serv- 
ice, 1,400 miles from your home, with all connections 
cut off, will do, as they are only plain people and ex- 
pect to entertain old soldiers and not dudes. Bring 
your wives or some one of your family." 

A member of Burns's Eleventh Mississippi Confed- 
erate Infantry writes : 

An incident of the battle of Jenkin's Ferry, in Arkan 
sas, deserves to be preserved. The Federal line had 
formed in a dense forest in the valley of Saline River, 
and seemed rooted to the ground like the trees. Sev- 
eral efforts to dislodge them had failed. In a contin- 
ued or renewed assault by the Missouri and Arkansas 
Infantry two Southern flags were seen far in advance 
of our line, flaunting almost in the face of the foe. 
The one on our left was in the hands of the gallant 
Gen. Marmaduke for the brigade he was temporarily 
leading. That on the right was of Rindall's Battalion, 
and was upheld by its own color sergeant, mounted 
on the same horse with and behind a staff officer. 
Earlier in the day I saw this staff officer approach and 
salute our division commander. Gen. M. M. Parsons, 
and heard him deliver the order for battle in these 
words : "General, I am directed to present to you the 
compliments of Gen. Price, with the request that you 
immediately move on the enemy ;" then staying, as I 
supposed, to see the order executed. He was soon 
riding along our front on a splendid bay, cheering the 
men on toward our homes and loved ones in Missouri. 
A little later he had caught u that boy color sergeant, 
flag and all, and was leading the way. At this junc- 
ture Walker's six thousand rushed down the hill like 
an avalanche, and literally swept the woods. Who 
were the double riders, that staff officer, and that color 
sergeant ? Have they answered the last roll call like 
Marmaduke? This question is asked before all who 
could answer it are gone. 



L. Yates, of Elsinore, Cal., writes : "I want to hear 
from some of the boys in my old regiment, Company 
B, Eighteenth Regiment, Arkansas Volunteer Infan- 
try. Since I have been in California I rarely meet a 
Confederate, and never one with whom I marched 
during the sixties." 



Confederate tfeteran 



125 



EIGHTEEN CONFEDERATES FOR RETALIATION, 

H. B. Richards, Lagrange, Tex., writes : 

Early in November, 1862, I was, with some other 
prisoners, en route to Vicksburg to be exchanged. 
We were stopped at Cairo, 111., and a few days after 
we reached there all the prisoners in the pen with me. 
about two hundred or three hundred, were drawn up 
in a double line, and some officers and a guard came 
in. It was then announced that in retaliation for 
eighteen men who had been shot by Gen. Forrest's 
orders, the same number were to be selected from our 
ranks for a like fate. The order was then given for 
us to open ranks, which placed us in two single lines, 
one in rear of the other. A number of white beans 
and eighteen black ones were then put in a hat and 
carried up and down the lines, and each man was 
forced to put in his hand and draw out a bean. Be- 
fore his hand could get out of the hat his wrist would 
be seized by the guard, who would open it, and if a 
white bean was disclosed the hat was passed to the 
next ; hut if the bean was black, the poor fellow was 
marched off, and we saw him no more. This was kept 
up until the eighteen men were drawn. About a week- 
later we were loaded on a boat — 060 in number by that 
time — and started for Vicksburg. We were sixteen 
days making the trip, with prisoners dying every day 
like sheep with the rot. At last, while lashed along- 
side the Confederate boat, the exchange going on. 
and at least a third of our men had passed over on 
to our boat, the Federals got a dispatch that one of 
the eighteen men drawn at Cairo had died, and de- 
manding another victim. So another of our com- 
rades was then and there seized, and, like those at 
Cairo, we saw him no more. 

I was a member of Stuart's Cavalry, Army of Ni irth- 
ern Virginia, and after exchange returned to my com- 
mand as rapidly as possible. I have never been able 
to learn the fate of those comrades, nor have 1 evi r 
seen any account of the transaction in print. I don't 
wish to revive the animosities of the war. but do want 
to know if those men were shot. 

The above was written by Comrade Richards in 
December, 1893, but placed in a book by him and 
forgotten. It now comes to light after all these years, 
and if any comrade can give information as to the 
fate of the eighteen men. it will help to clear up the 
mvsterv as to their fate. 



MOTIVE FOR KILLING MR. LINCOLN. 
Maj. John W. Tench. Gainesville, Fla., writes : 
Apropos of the killing of Lincoln, it may be well to 
state that Powell, the most dangerous of Booth's ad 
jutants, was a native Floridian, the son of a preacher 
at Marianna, who happened to be in Washington 
when the assassin needed him. A happy-go-lucky. 
dare-devil fellow, and a fine specimen of physical man- 
hood, Booth molded the youth to his evil will. It 
was he who stabbed the Sewards. Booth and Beall 
were fast friends. In an attempted raid on St. Albans 
prison, where a number of Confederate soldiers were 
confined. Beall was betrayed by one of his party and 
captured. He was in his uniform, hut this availed him 
not, TTe was tried as a spv and condemned to death. 
Hearing of his friend's sad plight. Booth went in his 



behalf to Mr. Lincoln, with whom he had always been 
on cordial terms of friendship. Booth felt satisfied 
that he could have Beall pardoned, and before he left 
xecutive mansion he had Mr. Lincoln's promise 
to save his friend's life. Mr. Stanton, always irate 
where a Southerner was involved, hearing of Mr. Lin- 
coln's promis t > Bo ith. declared to Mr. Lincoln that 
if Beall was pardoned he and the remainder of the 
cabinet would resign. To appease him for the mo- 
ment, the President promised that he would look over 
tin- findings again, but before he did so Beall's life 
was at an end. Stanton's threat proves that there was 
a promise of some sort given Booth by the President. 
and as further proof, the officer in charge of the exe- 
cution, with watch in hand, looked anxiously for a 
messenger from the White House until the last sec- 
ond had expired. When Booth learned of Reall's 
death, he was heard to swear that no such a traitor 
to his word should longer rule the nation. Were it 
not for violating promises, the proof of the above 
would be printed. They are of record and will, before 
111.111 \ years, he crystallized into history. 



Mrs. F. L. Brown, Historian of Barbour Chapter, 
U. D. C, of Alabama, writes of a statement in the 
Sunny South to .the tuvt that to Franklin J. Moses was 
due the honor of firing the first gun in the war be- 
tween the States. Frank Moses was never due any 
honor from any source for anything from his birth to 
his death \t the surrender of Fort Sumter, as an 
aid to Gov. Pickens, he was sent to receive the flag of 
Maj. Anderson, and if there was any honor in this act 
of servitude, he is welcome to it. 

Mrs. Brown will pardon me for saying that she errs 
in giving the honor to Mr. Haynesworth. The then 
venerable Edmund Ruffin, of Virginia, being in the 
city of Charleston, asked, and was granted, permis- 
sion by Gen. Beauregard to fire the first gun. and to 
him the honor beli >ngs. 




MAJ HONORS DUGAS, OF LOUISIANA, 

Who \v:is on the stall of Maj. Gen. B. II. I..iinl';iril. 



126 



Qoi)federate l/eterar), 




J. J. M GOWAN, OF SAVANNAH, GA. 

T. X. Theus, of Camp 756, sends account of deaths in 
that Camp. Comrade McGowan is of the number. 

J. J. Mc( iovvan was born in Ireland sixty-four years 
ago, but his parents came to this country and to 
Savannah when he was an infant, and he had resided 
here ever since, save during the period of Ills service in 
the Confederate army, and for some months after he 
received the wound that terminated the service. 

At the outbreak if the civil war .Mr. Mel k>wan was 
engaged in mercantile pursuits in Savannah, and at 
once enlisted in the Irish Jasper Gre ns, with which 
gallant body of his compatriots he served until the bat- 
tle of Lost Mountain, in which he was desperately 
wounded. A Minie ball struck him at the junction 
of the elbow of his left arm, and to save his life it was 




J. J. M GOWAN. 

necessary to amputate the arm. Mr. McGowan at that 
time was orderly sergeant of his company, and had 
made a- record for gallantry and the efficient discharge 
of duty which won for him the respect of the men of 
his company and the entire confidence of his superior 
officers. 

The loss of his arm incapacitated him for military 
service, and he was discharged. He returned to Savan- 
nah, and remained until the advance of Sherman's 
army, when he went to Augusta and lived there until 
the cessation of hostilities. 

Scton after the war Mr. McGowan was elected tax 
collector, and assumed charge under the commission 



1 i Gov. Jenkins. He continued in office tor a very 
short time only. Georgia ceased to be a State, and 
became a military district, with a United States army 
officer in charge as military governor. Gov. Jenkins 
was deposed, and Tax Collector McGowan was or- 
dered to turn over to the military authorities the 
money he had collected for taxes and assessments. 
He refused witli a firmness that no amount of threats 
and persuasion served to overcome. He was thrown 
into prison in the old government barracks, now where 
the De Soto Hotel stands, and was kept there for sev- 
eral months. The surrender of the money he had col- 
lected was made the price of his liberty, and he didn't 
want it at that price. The money had been sent on 
to New York, to the banking firm of Eugene Kelly & 
Company, where it remained until a civil government 
was again in power and Mr. McGowan was in posi- 
tion to hand it over to the duly constituted authorities 
of the county. 

A man named Hopkins, who had drifted into Savan- 
nah during the last days of the war, and had become 
a bitter Republican, was appointed tax collector of the 
county. Hopkins could not get anybody to go on his 
bond, and the ordinary of the county pronounced the 
office of tax collector vacant, and appointed Mr. Mc- 
Gowan to fill the unexpired term to which he had orig- 
inally been elected and during which he had been re- 
moved. At the next election he was again a candidate 
for the office, and was elected. At each succeeding 
election he received a plurality of the votes cast. He 
was never defeated. 

No death that has recently occurred in Savannah has 
created more profound grief and widespread regret. 
He was a man of simple tastes and quiet and unob- 
trusive life habits, and his intercourse with others was 
almost entirely in the line of his public duty. Through- 
out the long period of time during which he was tax 
collector of the county he had carried on the arduotts 
business and looked after the delicate duties of the 
office with a degree of satisfaction to the public that 
was remarkable. No criticism upon his official con- 
duct was ever passed, nor did he permit any personal 
considerations to interfere with the performance of 
What he esteemed his duty. 

J. G. ARNOLD. 

Comrade J. G. Arnold, a member of William Frier- 
son Camp 83, died at his home in Wartrace, March 21, 
1900. He enlisted in July, 1861, in the Twenty-Third 
Tennessee, and served to the end of the war, always 
ready when duty called, shirking nothing, After his 
return home, in 1865, he was successful in farming. He 
served two terms as deputy sheriff, and then was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the Hermitage farm at the 
soldier's home, where he stayed four years and brought 
that famous farm into a high state of cultivation. He 
left there in the fall of 1899, returned to Wartrace, and 
was again appointed deputy sheriff, but lived only a few 
months. He was buried with Masonic honors at Fair- 
field March 22. This information was furnished by 
W. U. Isham. 

J. M. KELLAR. 

Died at his home near Wartrace, on December 23, 
1900, Comrade J. M. Kellar, who for years had been a 
member of William Frierson Camp 83. Comrade Kel- 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



127 



lar enlisted in Gompanj ( '. Twenty-Third Tennessee 
Regiment, in July, 1861, and was in every engagement 
of the Western army from Shiloh to Chickamauga. 
After that battle the Twenty-Third was consolidated 
with the Seventeenth and sent with Longstreet to 
Knoxville, and arrived in Richmond in May,i864. lie 
did his share of the fighting in front of Petersburg, and 
was surrendered with Gen. Lee at Appomattox. After 
the war he was a successful farmer. He was a Mason 
in good standing and was buried by that fraternity 
near Haley's Station, December 24, 1900. 




MRS. MARY M VUDE I I \Kk. 

Mrs. Mary Maude Clark died at Warrensburg, Mo., 
September 28, 1900. Mrs. Clark was born near Menu 
gomery, Ala., May -'5. [860, and while very young 
moved with her parents to Illinois, where her mother 
died. When about three years old she was adopted 
by Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Watts, living in Illinois, 
and in t88o moved with them to Missouri. She was 
married to Mr. John 1'.. (lark in Sedilia. Mo., in [88l, 
and they moved in Warrensburg in 1895, and lived 
there up to the time of Mrs. Clark's death. From the 
organization of the F. M. ( oekerill ( 'hapter, U. D. C. 
at Warrenstburg, Mrs. Clark had been President, and 
was much interested in the work. The Chapter adopt- 
ed resolutions in memory of their beloved President, 
which were published in the Warrensburg papers. 

HENRY AUGUSTUS WARE. 

The Huntington Advertiser, Huntington, W. Va., 
reports the death of Col. Henry Augustus Ware. 
He was a native of Caroline County. Va, He was 
liorn September 1. 1829, and was educated at Fleet- 
wood Academy, in King and Queen County, Va., and 
married in 185710 Miss Georgia Hill. Col. Ware was 
one of the first Virginians to volunteer in the Confed- 
erate army, where he saw four years of active service. 
surrendering with Gen. Lee at Appomattox, along with 
the Thirtieth Virginia Regiment. He came to Hunt- 
ington in 1885, where he h'as since lived. Col. Ware 
was a gentleman of the old Virginia type, scrupu- 
lously exact in his dealings with men, and at all times 
and seasons gentle and courteous. 



ROBERT T. PEAK. 

Col. Dew M. Wisdom, Forrest's Cavalry, writes from 
Muskogee. Ind. T. : 

Robert T. Peak, .1 Confederate veteran, aged about 
seventy-three years, died near Claremore, Cherokee 
Nation. Ind. T., on the night of February 15. He 
served in the war as a member of Company E, Fourth 
Alabama Cavalry, Col. Russell's "crack" regiment un- 
der Wheeler and 1'orrcst. About twenty years ago 
Mr. Peak moved from Alabama to the Indian Terri- 

to establish his right as a Cherokve Indian by 
blood, which he always claimed to be. There was no 
braver or more honest man than Richard T. Peak, and 
hi- devotion to our great cause continued without 

ring to the day of his death. He was buried at 
Muskogee on | ebruary 17. A widow an 1 several chil- 
dren mourn his 1' iss 

III 1. 11 1 HOM \- BERRY. 

From the Democrat Bulletin, Salem. Mo.: 

At the death of Hon. Hugh Thomas Berry, the 
words by King David, "Know ye nol that there is a 
greait man fallen this da.) in Israel:" are most appro- 
priate. Lieut. Perry was born in Missouri July 21, 
[837. He entered I lie ( oiilederate army, and made a 
brave si Idier and officer, lie served as lieutenant, and 
cam* out oi tli, war unhurt. He suffered mam- hard- 
ships and was captured at Helena, Ark., July 4, 1864, 
but was afterwards released. He was a patriot. His 
love for his country filled him with true courage and 
bravery. He was as true to his ling as is the needle 
to the pole. He was held in high esteem even by those 
who fought on the other side. When the war ended 
ccepted the situation and renewed his allegiance 
to our united country. In May, 1865, he moved to 
Texas, locating in Angeline County. In 1897 he moved 
to Johnson County, where he taught school for several 
years. He held several positions of public trust in 
Hood County. 

COL. WARREN M. HOPKINS. 

Mrs. Alice Roberts. Knoxville, Tenn., writes: 
More than thirty-nine years ago Capt. W. E. Jones, 
of Washington County, Va., finding that "a war be- 
tween the States" was inevitable, raised a company of 
cavalry composed of the very best young men in the 
county. He was elected captain, and, after carefully 
drilling them in this branch of the service, led them 
to Richmond, and turned them over to the Army of 
Northern Virginia as Company D, Fitzhugh Lee's 
First Virginia Cavalry. Col. Warren M . Hopkins was 
color bearer as they marched out of Abingdon. Pro- 
motion in his case was rapid, and at the close of the 
war he came home to his loved one as colonel of cav- 
alry. Duty was his watchword in every crisis of life, 
so he went to work to retrieve all that was lost by the 
war. He was spared for many years to those who 
loved him. and then the Master called this upright, 
genial, and much loved man to his reward. He was 
buried in Sinking Spring cemetery, Abingdon, Va., 
with many of the bravest ami best of our Confederate 
noblemen. Our blue mountains look down and keep 
guard over a hero who never stooped to an apology 
for the cause be fought for. 



123 



Confederate l/eteraij. 





TR] 1:1 I'ES TO GEN. GHEEN B. CRAM E. 

Comrade J. I. Hood writes from Meridian, Miss. : 
The accompanying portrait is that of one of the most 
promising young men of Mississippi when the war 
broke out. He was a student 
of the University of Mississippi 
at Oxford. Aspiring, ambi- 
tious, with high ideals, his rec- 
ord at the time the university 
sed tri transfer her students 
to the field of battle was pro- 
phetic of a brilliant and useful 
career, and fully indicated the 
exalted plane he was to reach 
and tread. He was a leader in 
debate and oratory. The elo- 
quent ami stirring appeal he made at that time in be- 
half of the army showed that his tongue had been 
richly tipped with the fire of genius and eloquence. 
He entered the army in Company C, Eighteenth Mis- 
sissippi Infantry, a company from Canton. He passed 
unscathed through the battles of Manassas and Lees- 
burg. 

The tributes sent herewith were written by two of 
the noblest, purest, and most heroic men who figured 
in those trying times. One by Mr. David S. Goodloe, 
whose beautiful face, lined with intellectuality, is still 
outlined in memory and a pleasing, inspiring vision. 
He followed the fortunes of that splendid company, win- 
ning laurels and friends, and, when the end came, be- 
came a prominent and eloquent minister of the Epis- 
copal Church. He has "crossed over the river, and 
rests under the shade of the trees." 

The other by J. A. Hackett, D.D., who was one of 
the fighting chaplains of the cause, going into the bat- 
tles with his comrades, and, when the battles were 
over, devoting himself faithfully to the wounded and 
dying, bending over them in aid and comfort, love 
and prayer. He resides in this city, loved and honored 
by all, and is one of the most distinguished divines of 
the State. 

"D. S. G" wrote the father, J. W. Crane, in Camp, 
July 30, 1862 : 

Having been a sorrowful eyewitness to the fall of 
your worthy son, Green B. Crane, at the request of his 
"afflicted brother. I take the sad pleasure of giving 
some slight testimony of his gallant and Christian 
death. 

On July 1, just before sundown, the brigade under 
Col. Rarksdale was ordered to attack a powerful bat- 
tery of ten or twelve heavy guns, advantageously posted 
upon a hill difficult of approach, and strongly support- 
ed by infantry. The Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment 
boldly advanced and formed in beautiful order under a 
fearful fire of shell, and halted within five hundred 
yards of the enemy's line, to wait for the other regi- 
ments of the brigade to come up and form upon her 
right and left. Our colonel had now fallen, and many 
of our brave men were fast marking the deadly line 
where we stood. The other regiments were so slow in 
coming up that we could delay no longer. The order 
was given to "forward," and up through the dark car- 
nage of death — the fearful sweep of grape, canister, 
and rifle shot — our heroic boys pressed on over the 
bodies of our slain with a steadiness of tread that may 



well fill the heart of our chivalrous State with a lofty 
pride in her sons. We neared the battery in line as 
perfect as I ever saw at evening drill. Thus we were 
moving, and here where the destruction was awful, as 
death was reaping our ranks, your noble son, my be- 
loved friend, reeled from his place, fell and die 1 as 
only the bold-hearted can die, with the lines of calm 
strength and Christian hope on his face. He spoke 
no word, except to say. with dignity and firmness : 
"I'm shot." So pure a life must have led him to a 
peaceful and happy rest. 

From the field, July 31, another comrade, "J. A. 11." 
wrote the father : 

No purer sacrifice has ever been laid upon the altar 
of liberty. No braver heart has ever met the hirelings 
of tyranny. You have sustained an irreparable l'>ss 
in his death. 

At home he was known to be emphatically a gentle- 
man, in whose nature were combined those essential 
qualities which command respect and love. In the 
camp to these qualities he added those of a patient, 
willing, and active soldier. On the battlefield he 
showed himself a hero worthy of the glorious and 
sacred cause in which he fell. But above all, he was 
a Christian. His life was in close conformity to the 
requirements of the gospel. He fell with his feet to 
the enemy, his eyes toward heaven. 

JAMES D. BULLOCH. 

R. F. Armstrong writes from Halifax, Nova Sc itia : 
At Liverpool, England, on January 7, 1901, at the 
residence of his son-in-law, M. H. Maxwell, Esq., an 
alderman of the city, died James Dunwoody Bulloch, 
a distinguished officer in the navy of the Confederate 
States, and, during the greater part of the war, the 
trusted financial agent of the Confederacy in Europe. 
The important role which Capt. Bulloch played, and 
the eminent services he rendered to his struggling 
countrymen has never been known or adequately ap- 
preciated ; but history, to which everything is ultimate- 
ly known, will be busy with his name and fame, and 
will write on its brightest page the heroic devotion of 
this man, who, taking counsel of his country's neces- 
sities, was content to sacrifice all personal ambitions 
to her needs. 

It was not his privilege to command at sea during 
the war, but he constructed the ladders by which other 
men climbed to fame, and the success of the Confed- 
erate commerce destroyers was primarily due to the 
indefatigable exertions and wise counsels of Capt. 
Bulloch. When, at the beginning of our long struggle, 
the Confederacy was embarrassed with a plethora of 
men and a dearth of arms and war equipment, it was 
Bulloch that President Davis selected to proceed to 
Europe and supply the deficiency. The successful 
entry of the Fingal, under his command, into Savan- 
nah, loaded with arms and ammunition, supplied the 
immediate needs of our soldiers, which, being supple- 
mented with the spolia opima of Bull Run, placed our 
armies in Virginia on a war footing, and inspired a 
confidence which could not be felt in ill-armed levies. 
Besides, the Fingal's success in running the gantlet 
of the Federal blockade pointed the way to that unique 



Confederate l/eterar? 



129 



commerce, blockade-running, which cut such a figure 
afterwards in the fortunes of the Confederacy. 

At this time Semmes, in the little Sumter, was pre- 
senting an impudently bold front on the high seas 
to the overwhelming Federal navy, and his success 
against the commerce of the enemy inspired our Navy 
Department with the desire to reenforce the Sumter 
with one or more suitable cruisers. Capt. Bulloch 
was again selected for the important and delicate work, 
and, with enlarged powers and very little else in the 
shape of "ways and means," landed in Liverpool on 
the 4th of June 1861. The Alexandria, Florida, and 
Alabama, model gunboats, and sui generis for the 
work intended, built within the first six months of his 
taking hold, sufficiently attest the ability and energy 
of the man; and if to this be added the numerous 
cargoes of arms, ammunition, and supplies he pur- 
chased and dispatched successfully through the block- 
ade, it will be recognized that James D. Bulloch, in 
the early part of our war. was a host in himself. 

Uncomplainingly, at the earnest solicitation of the 
President, Capt. Bulloch yielded the command of tin 
Florida and Alabama successively to others, and al- 
lowed not disappointed ambition to change in oni 
iota his supreme devotion to his dearly loved South 
Subsequently he built two ironclads on the Mer>'.\ 
but. owing to the ill-concealed partisanship and one 
sided neutrality of the British government, recalled h\ 
the rec-nt death of the Queen, they were illegalb 
seized and incorporated into the British navy. The 
same thing happened in France, and the seizuri 
fore completion, of two of Capt. Bulloch's ironclads 
accentuated the wisdom of the biblical maxim. "I'm 
not your trust in Princes." However, owing to Bui 
loch's strategy and wonderful management, tin- Con 
fedcracy afterwards came into possession of one of 
these rams, which, under the name of Stonewall, and 
under the command of Capt. Thomas J. Page, of glo 
rious memory, exposed to the eyes of all F.urope the 
cowardice of the Federal frigates Niagara and Sacra 
mento off Ferrol, Spain, in 1865. Failing to provoke 
Commodore Craven to fight, the Stonewall sailed ,iwa\ 
for our Southern coast, and the surrender of Lee — the 
end of all things in this world for many of us — found 
her in the harbor of Havana, the prize, but only by 
inheritance, of her enemy. 

The Shenandoah, purchased and fitted out by Bui 
loch, rrwjde her wonderful cruise under his instruction'- 
and it was his conception and plan that enabled Capl 
Waddell to retaliate for the infamous "stone blockade" 
of Charleston harbor in the early part of the war, bv 
wholly obliterating from the seas the whaling fleet of 
the United States. 

But to write fully the history of James D. Bulloch 
would be to write much of the history of the Confeder- 
ate States, for although a naval officer and supposed 
to lie acting only in a naval capacity, he was intimately 
connected as well with the diplomacy of our country. 
and stood high in the confidences of Messrs. Mason. 
Slidell, and other accredited agents abroad. During 
the latter days of the Confederacy the daily rations of 
Lee's army were almost wholly supplied through the 
blockade by his indefatigable exertions, and but for 
him there is no doubt that the invincible rerrmant 
which succumbed to starvation at Appomattox C. H. 



would have had their agony shortened by some 
months. 

Bulloch's revered name stands associated with even- 
amiable and noble quality, and as his merits cannot be 
enhanced by eulogy, so likewise can no detraction tar- 
nish his glory. Self-reverence, self-knowledge, self 
control were the three pillars which supported his well- 
ordered life, and as an object lesson in morals and 




HON. I wis I), hi LLOCH. 

devotion to duty, his life cannot be too often reviewed. 
nor can his example be too cli sely copied by the youth 
of the South. 

Born in Libert) County, Ga., in 1825, of distin- 
guished ancestry, his great-grandfather having been 
first Governor of Georgia, after the revolution, his 
predilections for a seafaring life were nurtured by his 
residence on salt water and boyhood sports. Enter- 
ing the United States navy about 1840, he rose through 
all the intermediate grades to a lieutenancy ; but, find- 
ing promotion slow and naval pay inadequate to the 
needs of a growing family, he resigned his commission 
and accepted service in the Cromwell steamship line, 
running between New York and New Orleans. The 
commercial experience he gained here, and his inti- 
mate relations with business men, stood him in good 
stead afterwards, and it can be truthfully said of Capt. 
Bulloch what he so gracefully said of our dear old 
Commodore Tattnall : "He always brought to the ex- 
ecution of .-■ task more ability than was required for 
its accomplishment." 

The beginning of the war found Capt. Bulloch in 
command of the Bienville, which afterwards, in the 
United States navy, became a "pestilential hornet" tc 
our blockade runners, but. promptly resigning from the 
merchant service, and srerificing in the North the ac- 



130 



Confederate l/eterap 



cumulations of years, he embraced the cause of his 
people and brought to their succor the matured expe- 
rience and ripened judgment of forty-five years of ear- 
nest living. 

There are but few characters in which so many ami- 
able and shining qualities are found united. His affa- 
ble and engaging manners, his great, big heart full of 
sympathy for distress, and his unfeigned piety gained 
for him the love and esteem of all. His mind was 
abundantly stored, and he had the happy faculty of 
communicating his ideas in an easy-flowing and per- 
spicuous manner. Although he experienced great 
physical debility during the last few months of his life, 
the powers of his mind were unimpaired, and, sur- 
rounded by his immediate family, he gently yielded up 
a life of seventy-seven years, which had been so full 
of service for God and country. His faithful wife died 
a few years ago, and of his children two daughters re- 
main. Their best inheritance is the remembrance of 
their father's many noble Christian virtues. 

"Blessed are the people who have a noble history, 
and read it." In this reppect our Southern people are 
peculiarly blessed in the proprietorship of 

Proud names, who once the reins of empire held. 
In arms who triumphed, or in arts excelled, 
Chiefs graced with scars and prodigal of blood, 
Stern patriots who for sacred freedom stood, 
Just men by whom impartial laws are given, 
And saints who taught and led the way to heaven ; 

and in close association with the honored names of 
Washington, Lee, Jackson, Johnston, Tattnall, Buch- 
anan, Semmes, and a host of Southern heroes in the 
love, reverence, and affection of his people shall ever 
be found that of James D. Bulloch. 

CAPT. WILLIAM FRY. 

Dr. J. M. Fry, of Wills Point, Tex., writes: "Capt. 
William Fry died on the farm where he had lived 
twenty-four years, October 13, 1900, at McCoy, Tex. 
He was born in Greene County, Tenn., and lived there 
until the opening of the civil war. From its organiza- 
tion to its reorganization, in 1862, he was captain of 
Company I, Tennessee Infantry, C. S. A. From then 
until the close of the war he operated in upper East 
Tennessee, commanding a semiindependent com- 
pany of scouts, subject to orders from Gen. Vaughn, 
commanding the department. The people living in 
that section can testify to the services rendered by 
Fry, Osborne, Dyke, and others in protecting them 
from depredations of bushwhackers, many of whom 
they killed, while they drove others from the country." 

CAPT. G. W. SMITHSON. 

Capt. George W. Smithson (senior member of the 
firm of Smithson & Kennedy), widely known and gen- 
erally beloved, died at his home, Franklin, Tenn., on 
Monday, October 1. 1900, in his sixtv-third year. The 
announcement of his death was a shock to the com- 
munity. 

Capt. Smithson's life was an epistle worthy to be 
read of all men. In it were the attributes that make 
up that noblest work of God — an honest man. In his 
young manhood he laid his all upon the altar of his 
country, and for four years of fire and blood he did 
his full part to crown with undying honor the bright- 



est character on the page of history — the Confederate 
soldier. He was a member of Company B, Second 
Tennessee Regiment, Bell's Brigade of Forrest's Cav- 
alry. Surviving comrades at his grave bore testimony 
to his gallantry in those brave old days. The Mc- 




CAPT. SMITHSON. 

Ewen Bivouac and Starnes Camp attended the funeral 
and officiated in a last tribute of affection and honor 
to their departed comrade. He was wounded on Gen. 
Hood's retreat. Sad loss was sustained to the business 
and social circles of Franklin in his death, and the deep 
sorrow of the community was everywhere manifested. 
As a special mark of respect, the dry goods stores of 
the city were closed during his funeral. 

Capt. Smithson was married in 1871 to Miss Sallie 
Henderson, whom he survived scarcely one year. He 
left four children : Mrs. W. J. Bruce, George H. Smith- 
son, Mrs. N. C. Perkins, and Miss Sallie Smithson. 

MA J. I,. C. IlUl'VN. 

Extract from a letter of Capt. DeWitt Bruyn (Uncle 
Dc'VYitti to Miss Lottie R. Bryan, dated Burroughs. 
Ga., February 14. 1897: 

The image of your noble father, Maj. L. C. Bryan. 
is- often present in my thoughts. Did I ever tell you 
the remarks that Col. Olmstead made on the occasion 
of your father's funeral? Col. Olmstead and I 
clranced to occupy seats in the same carriage on the 
wav from the house to the grave, and of course the 
good qualities of your father were the subject of gen- 
eral conversation. The Colonel made quite a little 
speech. As near as I can remember it was this : "Maj. 
Brvan was the mo<st coolly brave man I ever saw. He 
was so remarkably courteous at all times that I often 
thought I would like to see him under fire. My de- 
sire was to see if that invulnerable suavity would dis- 
appear under such excitement. The opportunity pre- 
sented itself during the battles around Atlanta, and 
I became convinced that bravery and courtesy were 
coexisting qualities of the man. It happened to be 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar? 



131 



my duty to bear the orders to repair the breastworks 
in a certain part of the battlefield. The firing was ter- 
rific. As I arrived at the trenches of the Fifty-Seventh 
Georgia Regiment, I found Maj. Bryan in command. 
As I rode up lie turned to me with the same courteous 
greeting, but graver than usual. I delivered the 
order, and he at once turned to his men, exclaiming: 
'Boys; here is an order to repair yonder breastworks! 
Come on!' And he leaped on his horse and led them 
to the work." 

Now, Lettie, I am an old man, and passed through 
similar ordeals that your father did during the cruel 
war, but it was not my fortune to be near him. 

Capt. DeWitt Bruyn is the son of Andrew Bruyn, 
for years a member of Congress from New York 
State. Ithaca was his home. It was said that his 
death was caused by his remaining at his post when 
he was sick. He would not leave until he had given 
his vote to Democracy on some bill then before Con- 
gress. 

REV. M. B. DEWITT, D.D. 

Rev. James H. McNeilly, a fellow chaplain in the 
Western army — a minister of the Presbyterian 
Church— wrote of the late Rev. M. B. DeWitt, D.D., 
for many years a distinguished minister in the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church. There are some abbre- 
viations of his most worthy tribute : 

The death of Rev. Dr. DeWitt removes a power- 
ful moral and spiritual force from the activities of this 
life, lie was not only a good man. but a great one as 
measured by our Lord's standard, "Whosoever would 
be chief among you, let him be your servant." His 
life was a long, continuous, self-denying, patient, 
cheerful service. His highesl ambition was to hear 
the Master say: "Well done, good and faithful serv- 
ant." Endowed bv nature with rare abilities, which 




K IV. M, B. II-.WITI , II. 1) 



he had cultivated highly, he laid all at the feet of the 
Lord, to be used by him when and where and how 
he would. 

Our friendship was formed and welded amid the 
trying scenes of the civil war. The Eighth Tennessee 
was a fighting regiment, and he went with it, always 
ready to care for the wounded and comfort the dying. 
He won the respect, the confidence, and the love of 
the men by his true manhood in camp and on the 
field. He was a perfect gentleman, a humble, cath- 
olic-spirited Christian, a wise, safe counselor, and an 
earnest worker in every good cause. He was so sin- 
cere, guileless, and genuine that all trusted him; he 
was so cheerful, bright, and companionable that he 
was the life of the circle in which he moved. He was 
brave as a lion, yet as modest as a woman; he was 
strong to do or to suffer, yet very tender to the weak ; 
he was stern in his integrity, yet pitiful to the erring; 
he was ready to enjoy the comic side of life, yet none 
ever felt more deeply its pathos. He loved this life 
and this bright world, yet was glad to give it up when 
God called. He purified, sweetened, elevated the 
lives about him. 

A red-letter day occurred with him ten years ago, 
when Rev. S. M. Cherry. St., of the Methodist Church, 
was to celebrate his birthday, so he asked Dr. DeWitt 
and Elder R. Lin Cave, of the Christian Church, and 
myself to spend the day with him. We were all in 
the Confederate army to the last. We sat and walked 
and talked until the night fell; and as we recalled the 
scenes, humorous and sad. of those brave old days, 
he enjoyed it all with intense delight. 

Two weeks before his death I visited him, and again 
the talk drifted to the war times and our army expe- 
riences. 1 1 e seemed to forget his sufferings as he 
recalled many a form long turned to dust and voices 
long silent ; and he mentioned the grand deeds of 
many who sleep on distant battlefields, where his 
hands helped to lay them to rest. The old memories 
again stirred him to smiles and to tears. 

But he has gone to join the great company to whom 
he ministered on earth, and as I think of the great 
work he wrought 1 thank God for such a work, and 
as I think of the great man he was I thank God for 
such a friend 

The editor of the Veteran has ever admired the 
character of that noble man. In the great Georgia 
campaign the zeal, the courage, and the self-sacrifice 
of Dr. DeWitt is recalled as that of no other man in 
any sphere of usefulness. On a forced march, upon 
one hot day. he was astride his horse, and, seeing an 
emaciated soldier trudging along, he instantly sprang 
from his horse into the hut. deep dust, and directed 
the sick fellow t,. take his place. A few sentences 
from his will, recently probated, may be taken as an 
index to his character : 

By God's blessings 1 am what 1 am. and what he 
has given me ought to be humbly acknowledged. He 
ha-- given me soul and body and spirit. These I com- 
mit to his keeping, now and always. 

I herein declare that whatever property I own, of 
every kind, is largely due to the faithfulness, care, and 
love of my wife; wherefore I feel it to be right to say 
that I would be recreant to duty and gratitude, as well 



132 



Qopfederate l/eterai), 



as to love, did I not record my appreciation of her 
fidelity during more than thirty-two years [this was 
written March, 1892. — Ed.] which we have lived to- 
gether. I will, devise, and bequeath all my property, 
real and personal, to my beloved wife, Mary Elizabeth 
DeWitt. I will that she become executrix without 
bond, and that there shall be no hindrance placed in 
her way in the use or disposal of the property of 
every kind. 

He indicated his desire to leave valuable portions 
of his library to the Cumberland University, Lebanon. 



CAPT. A. T. GAY. 

Young County Camp, of Graham, Tex., through a 
committee composed of F. Herron, A. O. Norris, H. 
C. Fields, J. S. Starrett, J. W. Graves, and A. A. Tim- 
mons, sends the following tribute : 

Capt. A. T. Gay, the founder of Young County' 
Camp of United Confederate Veterans, has been trans- 
ferred to the great beyond, and now rests under the 
sod and the dew, awaiting the sound of the trumpet 
which shall call him to his everlasting reward. 

Capt. Gay was a native of Tennessee, and when his 
State sounded the alarm and beat the long roll early 
in 1861, he enlisted as a private soldier in April, 1861, 
and in five months time was, by promotion, the cap- 
tain of Company E, Thirty-First Tennessee Regiment. 
He served with this regiment until after Gen. Bragg's 
defeat at Chattanooga, when he was transferred to 
the cavalry service, and was captain of Company E, 
Twentieth Tennessee Cavalry, until the close of the 
war. when he surrendered with Forrest at Gaines- 
ville, Ala. 

Like thousands of others, at the time of enlisting 
in the army, Comrade Gay went forth willingly and 
cheerfully to battle for principles he then believed, 
and died believing they were just, honorable, and 
right. He was one of those patriotic and chivalrous 
spirits who made the name of Forrest so famous in 
American history. 

R. G. HOLSTINE. 

J. W. Register, of Qayton, La., pays this tribute : 
R. G. Holstine was born in Franklin Parish, La., 
June 30, 1838, and died at Florence, Catahoula Parish, 
November 26, 1900. Comrade Holstine attended 
Soule Commercial College at New Orleans and the 
Kentucky Military Institute, session of 1858-59. He 
went to the army in r86i as a private in the Tensas 
Cavalry, Company A, of Wert Adams's Regiment, 
which was among the first troops stationed at Bowling 
Green, Ky. He served at private with the Army of 
Tennessee in all the campaigns, including the battles 
of Shiloh, Britton's Lane, Tuka, and many cavalry 
skirmishes. In the fall of 1862 his company was or- 
dered to the Trans-Mississippi Department by spe- 
cial order from President Davis. In this department 
he was promoted to first lieutenant in Capt. John 
Pike's Company, and served as such until the end. 

After the war he married Miss Kate Donaphan, and 
to them ten children were born, nine of whom survive 
him. He served his parish as police juror and Presi- 



dent of the School Board, and belonged to the John 
Peck Camp, U. C. V.. at Sicily Island. He was an 
honored citizen. 

COL. ROBERT C. WOOD. 

Col. R. C. Wood, of New Orleans, well known in 
journalistic, social, military, and commercial circles, 
passed away on December 11, 1900. He had been ill 
for some time. Col. Wood was always an active, ear- 
nest, and useful factor in all matters tending to the 
benefit of the community in which he lived. He stood 
unflinchingy at the post of duty whether on the field 
of battle or in the peaceful pursuits of daily existence. 




COL. R. C. WOOD. 



Col. Wood was born at Fort Snelling, Minn., April 

4, 1832. His father. Assistant Surgeon General R. C. 
Wood, U. S. A., was a distinguished officer, and his 
mother, Anne M. Taylor, was the daughter of Gen. 
Zachary Taylor. He was educated at Mt. St. Mary 
College, Emmitsburg, Md., and at West Point. He 
was appointed lieutenant in the Second Cavalry U. 

5. A., which had for colonel A. S. Johnston, for lieu- 
tenant colonel R. E. Lee, and for majors W. J. Har- 
dee and George H. Thomas. Among its captains 
were E. Kirby Smith and Earl Van Dorn, while sev- 
eral others of its officers attained high rank in the 
Confederate or Union armies. Col. Wood served for 
some time in this command, and resigned before the 
Confederate war. He enlisted in 1861 for the South. 
Declining a commission offered bv Gov. Moore, of 
Louisiana, he accepted that of adjutant general and 
chief of staff under Gen. Braxton Bragg, and was one 
of his most efficient aids, assisting most materially 
at Pensacola in organizing the Army of Tennessee. 
From Pensacola he was transferred to Richmond, Va., 
and assigned to special duty with the Secretary of 
War. After serving thus a few months, he went into 
active service on the field as lieutenant colonel in 
Gen. Wert Adams's Cavalry. 

When the Confederate forces withdrew from Nash- 



Confederate Veteran 



133 



ville, after the fall of Fort Donelson, Col. Wood re- 
mained at Murfreesboro in charge of the cavalry out- 
posts, and from this point went out with Morgan on 
his celebrated expedition. At the battle of Lebanon, 
Tenn., he was conspicuously brave, and his heroic 
and stubborn resistance averted a great disaster. He 
was captured and confined in the Nashville peniten- 
tiary, in Camp Chase, and on Johnson's Island. After 
being exchanged, he was soon in the field again, and 
was given command of a cavalry brigade, and re- 
mained in active service till the close of the war. 

Col. Wood was often mentioned in official orders 
for brave and meritorious conduct. He was consid- 
ered by Gen. Hardee as a model cavalry officer. His 
defeat of the Marine Brigade at Coleman*s Cross 
Roads, his brilliant charge at Concord Church, his 
successful attacks on the cavalry outposts of the army 
investing Vicksburg, and many other gallant deeds 
evidenced his worth and valor as a commanding 
officer. 

After the war Col. Wood engaged in sugar-planting 
in Louisiana, and subsequently located in New Or- 
leans, where he engaged in various enterprises. He 
was Commissioner of the Cotton Centennial held 
there in 1884-85, and was sent to Mexico by the Di- 
rector General, under commission by Gov. S. D. Mc- 
Enery to solicit exhibits. Later he went to South 
America, where he successfully carried out several en- 
gineering contracts with the Colombian government, 
notably the opening of a waterway in the interior of 
that republic. He was President of the Catling Gun 
Co.. of Buffalo, N. Y., for two years, then returned to 
New Orleans, where he lived until his death. He was 
prominent in Confederate veteran matters of that city, 
and was a member of the Cavalry Association Camp, 
No. 9, U. C.V. 

Col. Wood was kind, courteous, affable, polished 
in manners, and he possessed a rare fund of informa- 
tion on almost any topic. He was an able contributor 
to newspapers on matters pertaining to the Confed- 
erate cause, as well as commercial and industrial sub- 
jects. His last work, undertaken after his health be- 
gan to fail, was the compilation of the "Confederate 
Hand Book," which was completed entirely without 
assistance. Tie was married in 1867 to Wilhelmina 
Trist, daughter of H. B. Trist, a wealthy and influ- 
ential sugar planter of Louisiana, and his widow and 
four children survive him. One son, Trist Wood, is 
a resident of London, where he has achieved repu- 
tation as a journalist and artist. His other son and 
two daughters are residents of New Orleans. Col. 
Wood, while a grandson of President Zachary Taylor, 
was also related to the Lees, Madisons, Johnstons, 
and other prominent families of Virginia and Ken- 
tucky. 



Reunion at Shtloh Battlefield Park. — Capt. J. 
W. Irwin, Savannah, Tenn., writes : "The annual reun- 
ion will be observed this year at Shiloh, Friday and Sat- 
urday, April 5 and 6. instead of 6 and 7, the anniversa- 
ries of the battle, as the 7th comes on Sunday. It is 
expected that Capt. Rhea's line of boats — the St. 
T>ouis and Tennessee River Packet Company — will 
make the proper connection for the occasion. Capt 
Kiiger, the asrent at Paducah, can give information 
about this. We hope to have a good crowd." 



In printing the notice from the Augusta (Ark.) 
Chapter two errors were made, which we gladly cor- 
rect. The Chapter number is 358 instead of 359. The - 
President's name was given as Mrs. J. Russell, and it 
should have been Mrs. J. Russell Vinson. 

UNIFORMS FOR CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

J. F. Shipp, Quartermaster General U. C. V., in his report 
to Gen. George Moorman, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, 
submits the following: 

The most important matter for the consideration and execu- 
tion by this department, since our last meeting, was to formu- 
late and promulgate a regulation uniform in compliance with 
the resolution adopted at the annual meeting in Cl1.1v 
S. C. -May 12, 1899. Formulating an appropriate uniform for 
an association such as ours required much reflection and in- 
ition. 

It was my purpose to present a design that would 'be appro- 
priate for this .association as a society uniform, representing 
[ifferent arms of the service, rank and file, line and gen- 
ual officers, with colors and insignia of rank, same as used 
in the Confederate army, the object being to perpetuate a true 
type of our uniform as a part of the history of the Confederate 
"Mates of America. 

The Confederate uniform was promulgated by General Order 
No. 9 in the city of Richmond, Va., June 6, 1861. It was the 
pride and glory of the young Confederacy, is now revered by 
all survivors, and is respected by the American people. It was 
a power for discipline in the army, and will be a power for 
perpetuating the memory of the Confederate soldier. 

I found it impracticable to use the regulation button of the 
Confederate army, on account of expense in supplying them. 
Each arm of th< had a special button. It would have 

required ten different dies, at a cost of $25 each, and the first 
order of two hundred and fifty gross buttons This would 
have involved a large outlay of money to carry out that feature 
of the uniform Therefore, I designed the U. C. V. button 
with battle flag in center for our use, and for all purposes, 
which, I think, is appropriate and involves a much less outlay. 
This design I have made identical in size and shape with the 
army button of the Confederate government. 

For the sake of uniformity, I selected the same shade, weight, 
and grade of goods for al! uniforms — namely, No. 1238, Char- 
lottesville Woolen Mills, Charlottesville, Va. It is the regula- 
tion shade, and can be worn at receptions, funerals, and other 
occasions, as well as reunions. I think the weight will not be 
found objectionable. The quality of the goods is first-class. 
and free from shoddy materials, and, if properly taken care of 
and worn only on reunion and special occasions, will last most 
of us as long as we live and serve as a proper uniform at death. 

When I had formulated a design for the uniform I issued a 
folder, a copy of which I tile as part of this report, giving in- 
formation in regard to same, including lists and prices for 
uniforms, trimmings, and supplies. In this folder I suggested 
that all orders, outside of the cloth, for the sake of uniformity. 
it to and through me, SO that I might give them proper 
ions and secure uniform shade of cloth, trimmings, etc. 

In the uniform folder I indicate dress coat for staff officers, 
as provided by the regulations of the Confederate States army. 
While 1 do not recommend this to be changed, I have recom- 
mended, for the sake of comfort and economy, a fatigue blouse. 
single-breasted, stand-up collar, 'even buttons in front, three 
on sleeve, cuffs and collar trimmed with buff, for all staff offi- 
cers below the rank of brigadier general. I have referred in 
folder to camp commanders with rank of major, treating the 
ramp as a battalion organization, rather than as a company. 



134 



Qopfederate Veterai}. 



CAPTURE OF HOLLY SPRINGS, MISS. 

From Winnsboro, Tex., the following is sent by 
W. R. Stevenson, in response to the request by Prof. 
J. G. Deupree, of the University of Mississippi : 

I was a member of Company F of the Third Texas 
Cavalry, Ross's Brigade, and after the battle at Cor- 
inth we fell back to Holly Springs, thence to Lump- 
kins's Mill, where we were reenforced. We then fell 
back below Grenada, and one evening, during a brisk 
rain, we received orders to cook three days' rations, 
and be ready to move at a moment's warning. A 
short time after night the bugle sounded "saddle up." 
We mounted without knowing where we were going. 
We moved through Grenada and turned in a north- 
easterly direction, and between midnight and day the 
rain ceased, the clouds cleared away, the stars were 
bright, and by daylight there was considerable frost 
on the ground. We passed on up through Pontotoc 
and several other small towns. When within twenty 
or twenty-five miles of Holly Springs we halted, fed. 
our horses, and drew a little tough beef, our rations 
being nearly exhausted. Gen. Van Dorn sent word 
•around to "the boys" to make out the best they could, 
as by the next morning he would have plenty for them. 
A little after dark we mounted and moved out toward 
Holly Springs. A scout was sent ahead to capture 
the Yankee pickets, which was done by our scouts 
getting between them and the town. We were 
marched up near town, and waited a short time until 
•day dawned, when we charged the town. When we 
passed in, seeing Gen. Van Dorn on a little rise, seat- 
ed on his fine black mare, holding his hat above his 
head, I thought him as fine a general as I had ever 
seen. As we dashed down one of the main streets, 
by a two-story residence on the right, there were on 
the little front portico upstairs two ladies, mother 
and daughter doubtless, in their night dresses, both 
jumping up and down and clapping their hands, one 
of them crying at the top of her voice: "I told the 
Yankees our boys would come in here and catch them. 
I told them so." Both seemed to be as happy as mor- 
tals could possibly be. We captured everything but 
a few Yankees that jumped on their horses without 
waiting to dress, bare-backed, and most of them bare- 
headed. We got all the provisions we wanted, and 
plenty of guns, sixshooters, clothing, and horses. We 
burned large supplies for Grant's army. I under- 
stood that Mrs. Grant was in the town, and that Gen. 
Van Dorn put a guard around the house she occu- 
pied until we left. He paroled about 2,700 prisoners, 
and we then proceeded up the main lines of railroads, 
tearing them up and burningmost of the bridges nearly 
up to Bolivar, Tenn. We had a hard engagement at 
Davis's Mill, the enemy being in a blockhouse. We 
also had a severe engagement at Middleburg, Tenn., 
the enemy being in a large brick house, and we hav- 
ing no artillery with which to dislodge them. We 
then turned South and made oiir way back. Gen. 
Grant thought to cut us off at Ripley with his cavalry, 
but we beat them. While we were resting and taking 
a scant dinner, they attacked Col. Dudley Gaines's 
Regiment, which was on picket, and he had a light 
engagement until we had time to move out. We then 
made our way back to the main army at Grenada. 
The raid was a complete success, and, I understood, 



prevented Grant from taking Vicksburg until the next 
year, which he did by way of the river. 



Confederate Soldiers from Smrtiiem Illinois. — A. 
Weber, Hickory Withe, Tenn., writes: "Permit me to 
correct an error in the communication of Judge J. M. 
Dickinson on 'Secession Spirit in Illinois, 1861,' in the 
January Veteran. I know nothing of the meetings 
and actions referred to by these Southern sympa- 
thizers in Illinois, only as those who came South re- 
lated their experiences to us after they arrived in 
Dixie. The article states that they 'crossed the Ohio 
river at Paducah, and went to Mayfield, Ky., joined 
Company G, One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Regi- 
ment, Tennessee Volunteers.' After they crossed the 
Ohio they may have passed through Mayfield, but did 
not join the One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Tennessee 
Regiment. They came on to Camp Cheatham, at 
Union City, Tenn., and, with some recruits they picked 
up on their way in Kentucky, organized a company 
and joined the Fifteenth Tennessee Regiment, Charles 
M. Carroll, of Memphis, commanding (of which regi- 
ment I was a member), and were Company G of this 
regiment — Brooks was captain of the company, and 
later lieutenant colonel of the regiment, and Cunning- 
ham was then promoted to captain of Company G. 
In 1863 or 1864 Cunningham was commissioned to 
return to Southern Illinois for recruits, but he never 
returned. Col. Brooks remained with the regiment to 
the close. He was a good man and brave officer. I 
remember the names of only three of this company : 
Brooks, Cunningham, and Hopper. If any of Com- 
pany G are on this side of the great river yet, and 
see this, I should be glad to hear from them." 

One of the First Confederate Memorial Services.— The 
Savannah (Ga.) Republican, April, 1866, edited by a 
Northern man, contained an account of the impressive 
and touching spectacle at Laurel Grove cemetery, say- 
ing in part : "The relatives and friends of the Confed- 
erate dead decorate the graves. Hundreds of the cit- 
izens of Savannah slowly wended their way to the 
graves of gallant men in the city cemetery. Depre- 
cating the cause in which the brave spirits fell, as we 
conscientiouslv do. we feel that no humane heart could 
behold this solemn spectacle without feeling a throb 
of deep pity and warm glow of Christian sympathy. 
It was pitiful to hear the sobs of grief for the dear 
ones laid beneath the sod ; while from the distant 
camp of the Twelfth Maine Regiment was borne on 
the evening breeze the strains of a brass band, the last 
cadence dying away in sadness, as the curtain of twi- 
light was drawn over the sad picture. We trust that 
those who assembled to honor the dead of the South 
did not forget that other households were draped — 
that Northern hearts were pierced by the same poign- 
ant grief." 

George W. Lott, of Johnston, S. C. : "Any infor- 
mation you can give me of my brother, John Lott, 
will be appreciated. We have had no information of 
him since the battle of Gettysburg. My eldest brother 
thinks John heard that I was wounded in that battle, 
and tried to find me, and that he must have met the 
Federal army. We have loner and anxiously wished 
for anv knowledge of his fate." 



Qoofederate Veterag. 



135 



WAR TIME ASSOCIATIONS-COL. JAMES D. TILLMAN. 
Associations in the great war established relations between 
men and boys who "fought for home and country" as last- 




COL. TILLMAN, FROM PHOTO IQOI. 

ing as will be memory. The greatest misfortune attending 
the general reunions is that the crowds are so great that for- 
mer friends who know each other personally cannot possibly 
enjoy being together, as they otherwise would. ["he editor 
recurs to this in connection with a brief mention of the com- 
mander of his regiment, Col. James D. Tillman, who 
entered the Confederate army at Shelbyville as second lieuten- 
ant in Capt. Ab S. Boone's company ; was taken prisoner at 
Fort Dcmelson; was exchanged in September, 1862, and near 
Vicksburg was elected lieutenant colonel of the Forty-First 
Tennessee Regiment. He was later made colonel of this regi- 
ment, anil just previous to the surrender of Gen. Johnston in 
Nortii Carolina he was appointed colonel of the Third Con- 
solidated Tennessee Regiment, composed of the remnants of 
ten Tennessee regiments. He was in all the engagements in 
which the regiment fought, except at Franklin. Tenn. lie was 
severely wounded at Chickamauga, near Snodgrass Hill. He 
Surrendered with Cheatham's 'command in North Carolina in 
April, 1865, never having been at bis home after lie entered the 
army. He is now the Senator in the State Legislature from 
Lincoln and Marshall Counties, which he also represented in 
1873 and 1893. He represented Lincoln County in the Lower 
House in 1871. In 1S95 he was appointed by Mr. Cleveland 
Minister to Ecuador, where he remained three years, return 
ing home in 1898, when he discontinued the practice of law, 
and has since li\ed upon his farm, in Lincoln County, devoting 
himself to agriculture, but not ceasing to take an interest in 
questions of government 



He was in the battles around Corinth, and after the battle of 
Perryville he was wounded at Murfreesboro. He was again 
wounded at Chickamaugua, but recovered in time to engage in 
the Dalton-Atlanta campaign. Young Russell was made en- 
sign of his regiment, the Forty-First Mississippi, for gallantry, 
the day before the severe battle of Jonesboro, Ga. He was in 
that hard campaign through Tennessee with Hood, and at the 
end was in the battles about Mobile. 

When the war was over Mr. Russell went back to the farm, 
near Verona. Miss. After two or three years on the farm he 
engaged with Norton & Co., merchants at Tupelo, in their 
general merchadisc trade. 

Comrade Russell had married Miss Emma Davis, daughter 
of a prosperous planter, and in 1871 went to Texas, settling in 
Caldwell County. He there engaged in farming, but his spare 
time had been given to law books. Soon after going to Texas 
be w as admitted to the bar. Early in 1873 he returned to 
Verona. Mi*s., and engaged in the practice of law for four 
'oars. 

In 1875 Col. William Butler Duncan, long and well known 
in connection with the Mobile & Ohio railroad properties ap 
pointed Mr. Russell general solicitor for that road in the State 
of Mississippi. He had a vast amount of litigation, appearing 
often before the State and Interstate Railroad Commissions, 
and also before the United States Supreme Court. 

In 1897 Col. Russell was chosen First Vice President of the 
Mobile & Ohio, and took charge of the large property as acting 
President. Unprecedented floods, a yellow fever scourge, and 
the consequent quarantine were bad for his enterprise, yet the 
net results for the company were greater that year than in any 
previous one of its history. Mr. Russell's executive abilities, 
his tact, and his energy were sufficient for all emergencies. 

While President of this lnrgc property, owned largely bv 
aliens, as are al' such enterprises, he has remained in touch 




COL. E. L. RUSSELL, OF MOBILE AND OHIO RAILROAD CO. 

Edward Lafayette Russell, a native of Franklin County, Ala., 

born August 1845, is, consequently, one of the youngest of 

Confederate veterans. He was a farmer boy attending a coun- 
try school in season until he left home a private soldier boy. 



COL. RUSSELL. 

and in cooperati rd wild his people, with whom he 

fought in the great war. 

Since the absorption of the Mobile & Ohio Company by the 
Southern Railway system Mr. Samuel Spencer has been made 
President and Col. Russell is retained as general counsel. 



136 



Qor, federate Ueterao 



CONFEDERATE DEAD AT KITTRELL. N. C. 

The C. C. Blacknall Chapter. Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, at Kittrell, X. C. is raising funds to erect a 
monument to the forty-eight Confederate soldiers Who 
died at the old Kittrell Springs Hospital 1864-1865, 
and are buried at that place. Hoping that some of 
the readers of the Veteran may find in the following 
list a long-sought name, we publish it in full. The 
graves are well cared for, and memorial day duly ob- 
served on the tenth of every May. 

Mrs. ( >. W. Blacknall, President of the Chapter, 
requests the aid of all patriotic men and women in 
this work. Kittrell has doubtless been as liberal in 
Confederate donations as any town in the South in 
proportion to its size. Having only one hundred and 
fifty inhabitants, it has given over ten per cent of the 
money raised in the State for the four hundred North 
Carolina graves in Winchester, Va., and for the mon- 
ument there. Kittrell asks help for this home monu- 
ment, and it should not be denied her. 

J. A. Robbins, G. 51st N. C. July _•-'. '64. 
John Locklier. G. 23d S. C. Aug. 1. (>4- 
J. S. Mimms, G. nth S. C. Aug. 1, '64. 
VV. Sutton, I, 56th N. C. Aug. 2, '64. 
John C. Barnes. I. 5th S. C. Cav. Aug. 3, '64. 

D. L. Lanier, K, 7th Ga. Cav. Aug. 5, '64. 

A. Griffin, D, 6th N. C. Res.. Chatham Co. Aug. 6. '64. 

W. W. Latham, K. 6th Reg. S. C. Cav. Aug. 8, '64. 

L M. Green, I. 56th N. C. Aug. n, '64. 

Wesley Hargrove, A, 5th N. C. Res. Aug. 14, '64. 

J. C. Wagner, I, 1st N. C. Res. Aug. 27, '64. 

T. J. Tutters, B, 10th Va. Cav.. Davie Co., N. C. Oct. 2, '64. 

T. A. Bryson, 25th N. C. Sept. 25, '64. 

Henry Williams, Serg . F, 2d N. C. Cav. Sept. 27, '64. 

L. J. Gilstrap, G. 6th N. C. Cav., from S. C. Sept. 27, '64. 

F. C. Donella, Serg.. G. nth Va. Sept. 29, '64. 

Marmaduke Gay, G, Anderson's N. C. Res. Oct. 9, '64. 

I. T. Edwards, D, 5th N. C. Cav. Oct. 10, '64. 

William Brown, A. 35th Batt. Cav., Milford, Va. Oct. 18, '64. 

Walter Bagnall, K. 13th Va. Cav. Oct. 11, '64. 

J. A. Earnhart, B, 1st N. C. Cav. Dec. 10, '64. 

L. E. Saunders. C, 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Dec. 15. '64. 

J. I. Howell, E. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Dec. 17, '64. 

James Eley, D, 6S;h N. C, Pitch Landing. N. C Dec. 17, '64 

J. M. Gordon, F. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Dec. 17. '64. 

R. P. Todd, D, 68th N. C Jim. Res. Dec. 18. '64. 

J. C. Cor.-ine. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Dec. 18. '64. 

J. H. Givens, F, 2d N. C. Batt. Jun. Res. Dec. 21. '64. 

T. Jones, F, 68th N. C. Dec. 25, '64. 

W. B. Kennadv. T, 1st N. C. Cav. Dec. 29, '64. 

W. A. Beaver. B. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Jan. 9, '65. 

E. C. Elliott, I. 1st N. C. Cav. Jan. 12, '65. 

H. W. Brown. A, 26th S. C. Inf., Harry. S. C. Jan. 28, '65. 

W. Roberson. Hart's S. C. Battery. Jan. 29. '65. 

E. M. Hamriclc. D. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Feb. 12, '65. 

I. T. McDow, Sever. H. jth S. C. Cav. Feb. 15. '65. 

R. K. Robinson, F. 2d N. C. Jun. Res. Feb. 20, '65. 

S. B. Robinson. Lieut.. F, 2d N. C. Jun. Rec. March 2, '65. 

M. A Riddick. D, 5th N. C. Cav. March 15, '65. 

C. Watson. C. 27th S. C. Inf.. Vnrkville. S. C. March 23. '65. 

W. Gregory. A 3d S. C. Batt. March 31. '65. 

E. Stark, I. 67th N. C. Troops, Greenville. N. C. April 1, '65. 

I. W. West. B. TOth N. C. Heavy Artillery. April 2. '65. 

Moses L. Headrick, C. 1st N. C. Jun. Res. April 8, '65. 

H P. Privatt. C. 3d N. C Jun. Res. April 10, '65. 



Paul A. Barringer. F, 1st N. C. Cav. April 12, '05. 
William A. Roach, B, Hare's Light Duty Men. April 15, '65. 
L. L. Henderson. H. 32d N. C. Cav. April 15. '65. 



The following poem was written by William Ernest 
Henley, an Englishmen, and appeared for the first time 
in a collection of his poems entitled "In a Hospital." 
The sailor referred to is supposed to have been on a 
blockade runner during the war. He was wounded off 
Charleston, and carried to this hospital, and while 
there he tells what he saw of the "pluck and bravery" 
of the soldiers of Dixie : 

"Talk of pluck!" pursued the sailor, 

Set at euchre on his elbow, 

"I was on the wharf at Charleston, 

Just ashore from off the runner. 

It was gray and dirty weather, 
And I heard a drum go rolling, 
Rub-a-dubbing in the distance, 
Awful dourlike and defiant. 

In and out among the cotton, 
Mud, and chains, and stores, and anchors, 
Tramped a so,uad of battered scarecrows — 
Poor old Dixie's bottom dollar. 

Some had shoes, but all had rifles ; 
Them that wasn't bald was beardless ; 
And the drum was rolling 'Dixie.' 
And they stepped to it like men, sir ! 

Rags and tatters, belts and bayonets, 
On they swung, the drum a rolling. 
Mum and sour. It looked like fighting. 
And they meant it, too, by thunder!" 



A. W. Rucker, of Elmore, Ala., is anxious to com- 
municate with any survivors of his old Company (A), 
Fifty-Sixth Alabama Cavalry. Most of the company 
were from Autauga County, Ala. After the war some 
went to Texas and others to Randolph County, Ala. 
He desires specially to hear from Burrell Brumley, of 
Company G, Peak's old company. 



John W. Craddock, Memphis, Tenn., asks assist- 
ance in securing a history of the Fifth and Forty-First 
Alabama Regiments, C. S. A. He states : "My father 
was a member of the Warrior Guards, and went out 
with the lamented and gallant Rhodes from Tusca- 
loosa. He was afterwards captain of Company K, 
Forty-First Alabama, serving through the Murfrees- 
boro campaign. The brigade commanders were Han- 
son, Helm, and Gracie, I think." 



At the meeting of Forrest Chapter at Dodd City, 
Tex., on January 12, the following officers were elected 
for the year : Mrs. John C. Organ, President ; Misses 
Aetna Roderick and Mary Waller, Vice Presidents : 
Miss Laura White, Recording Secretary; Miss Susie 
Waller, Corresponding Secretary ; Miss Vista Lee, 
Treasurer; Miss Amanda Smith, Historian. In the 
observance of Lee's birthday by this Chapter, twenty- 
one crosses of honor were given to members of Camp 
Maxey, five of whom served under Lee. 



Qopfederate l/eterar?. 



137 



A CURE FOR ASTHMA. 
Asthma sufferers need no longer leave home and I usi- 
npds in order to be owed. Nature has produced a < ■ ■ ■ 
hit* remedy Hint will permanently cure Asthma ana I I 
diseases of the lunga and bronchial Lubi -. Bavin 
ns wonderful curative powers in thousands ol caai 
a record of 90 pei cenl permanently cured |, and desiring 
to relieve human Buffering, I will send free ol chargi to 
mi suflfi rera from Asthma, Consumption, Catarrh, Bi mchi* 
lis, !in(i nervous disi ases this recipe in fJerman, trench, or 
English, wil li full directions for preparing and using. 
Penl by mail. Address, with Btamp. naming (in-* paper, 
w. a. Noyes, 847 Powera' Block, Rochester, N. Y. 



A CONFEDERATE SPY. 

A moment gazed those war-worn men; 

Stern faces lit then on the air: 
Echoing: from mountain height and 
glen. 

Sudden there rose a last, long cheer! 

Rough hand dashed blinding tears 
.iMde; 

Then reverently, with drooping In 
Slowly each went with heavy stride 

As from tlir presence of she dead 

■\ thousand years will come, and : 
The thetne will be of noble nun; 

Tin- hen ies of t he earth 

By I* < ds, not of birth: 

And about the borne' sacred hearth 
Where'er are gathered children, 
W'lu'i e'i ■ ai e li >j aJ men 
Who will have known what 'tis to be 

Freemen of ;i country free. 

To our Great War's written pages 
(Which will linc/hti'ii with the ages) 

Phi i I03 al :i es .mil sons will turn 
F01 the deeds and the names 
That then and tlu-i e lie's 

Immortaled in historic urn. 

< >f the mighty spirits oi this age. 
Of the li 13 .1] names on Shall page, 

' ' desl story 

Ever « rit in glory 
There will green, ns the fragrant bay 

Rooted by the m < 1 A side, 

W ati 1 ed by the river'- bide; 
\ youth that one of manly mold. 

Whose stout heart, tongue, rvor pen 

To the In ing eai s of men 
Will scarce its virtues quite unfold. 

And who and what was he 

That he should immortal be? 

That in the mn of Fame 

Should !>ui 11 a 1 imp his name? 
A soldier boy who wore the gray; 

Nor on tin- Mars nor bars 

Slight were In- battle scai s, 
Tho' oft he'd stood in baittle array 
He boasted n©1 a stately tree: 
Humbly born of, ami 'mong the free 
Ol Bhi commonwealth of Tennessee. 

A martyr! nameless here. 

His name is written there 
On the i o, I. I hi ise eternal sp 
Where burn the incense tires 

i Made bi ighter by his blood) 

Ascending up to trod. 
From the rising to the setting sun. 

These ignitions heights, 

Burning incense lights, 
Shed splendor 'bout that martyred one — 

Thai immortal name 

Of Confederate fame: 
That true and tried Confederate spy 
Who cthose, 'tween life and death, to die 

Rather than he'd betray 

A comrade in the gray. 



Life to the hero's heart is sweet. 
Loves and hopes in his bosom beat, 

And death to him hath dread 
Where'er met. in whatever way. 
But most, that terror, grim, shadowy. 

The living's cheeks make pallid. 
Is when the doomed stands all alone, 

And life's fond hopes in pall 

Come trooping to the call 
Of death, and cold, ami : one 

Stand shriveled, blanching, all. 
Then and there, of earth's mortals, few 
Can summon to thai last 

Life'- rim — 

The soul's inspiring name 
Which cannot die; and like a god, 
Enshrined aboi 

Say unto Death: "Thou hath no1 bribe 
To which, for life. I would subscribe. 

Now. and where now 1 stand 
ly heav\ 

Unto 1 1 mi wh ■ gave it, 

My soul He shall i 
Untarn vilty 

To Him, God, or to man." 

But such of cm i h there be, 

\ml -noli of earth was 

death that day 
\ ml up to In n en's van; 
Vnd he, but a so ' Iray, 

i !i mdemned and doi >med to die 
For loyal Confederate spy. 

Texas 

WEDDING GIF I 1TONS. 

The persistent cutting down of prices 

just when most dealers would put them 

the notabli We 

have doubli f w edding gifts 

this year, and CUI all prices fifteen per 

■ i Brodnax, Jeweler, I I totel 

Building, Memphis. Tenn. 



GOOD NHOPIMM, 1REE OF COST. 

Mrs M. 15. Morton, of 625 Russell 
street, Nashville, Tenn., has varied ex- 
perience as Purchasing Agent, and her 
small commissions are paid by the mer- 
chants, so that her services are absolute- 
1 v free to purchasers. 

An efficient purchasing agent 1- post 
ed in latest styles and "fads" and the 
most reliable dealers. Mrs, Morton sup- 
plies household furnishings, wardrobes 
in detail, jewelry, etc. She makes a 
specialty of millinery. 

References an cordially given bi the 
Confederate Vi mim\ and the Nash- 
ville daily press. 



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138 



Confederate l/eteran. 



DEDICATION. 
The following poem was written by 
Henry Timrod. of South Carolina, on the 
day the Confederate government was 
first declared. It shows the feelings of 
the Southern people at the time: 
Hath not the morning dawned with 

added light? 
And shall not evening call another star 
Out of the infinite legions of the night 
To mark this day in heaven? At last we 

are 
\ nation among nations ; and the world 
Shall soon behold, in many a distant port, 

Another flag unfurled! 
Now. come what may, whose favor need 

we court ? 
And. under God. whose thunder need we 
fear ? 

Thank Him who placed us here 
Beneath so kind a sky — the very sun 
Takes part with us ; and on our errands 

run 
All breezes of the ocean ; dew and rain 
Do noiseless battle for us ; and the year, 
And all the gentle daughters in her train, 
March in our ranks, and in our service 
wield 

Long spears of golden grain ! 
A yellow blossom as her fairy shield, 
June flings her azure banner to the wind. 

While in the order of their birth 
Her sisters pass ; and many an ample 

field 
Grows white beneath their steps, till now, 
behold 

In endless sheets unrolled 
The snow of Southern summers ! Let 

the earth 
Rejoice ! Beneath these fleeces soft and 
warm 

Our happy land shall sleep 
In a repose as deep 
As if we lay intrenched behind 
Whole leagues of Russian ice and Arctic 
snow ! 



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Dr. J. M. Willis, a specialist of Craw- 
fordsville, Ind., will send free by mail to 
all who send him their address a pack- 
age of Pansy Compound, which is two 
weeks' treatment with printed instruc- 
tions, and is a positive cure for constipa- 
tion, biliousness, dyspepsia, rheumatism, 
neuralgia, nervous or sick headache, la 
grippe, and blood posion. 



YOUR WEDDING SAVING. 
All our prices were reduced fifteen per 
cent on February I. They were already 
far the lowest. This applies to the match- 
less lines of wedding gifts recently re- 
ceived. Brodnax, Jeweler, Peabody Ho- 
tel Building. Memphis. Tenn. 




A New Cure for Cancer. 

Dr. Hathaway's Seruin Treatment Removes all Malig- 
nant Growth and Drives the Poison from the 
Blood and Lymphatic Fluids. 

Cutting out Cancer does not cure it ami cannot cure it. 

Dr. Hathaway's Serum Treatment does cure it. Cutting out Cancer 
simply removes the local, outward manifestation; Dr. Hatha\vay'i> 
Treatment kills the malignant germsof the Cancer, removes the poison 
from the blood and lymphatic fluid, and immunes the system against 
future attacks. 

Dr. Hathaway has treated Cancer successfully under this method 
over eight years; his experience, covering a large number of well-de- 
lined cases, has proven this terrible affliction to be perfectly curable IN 
EVERY CASK WHERE IT CAN BE REACHED BY THE 
SYRINGE. This includes all outward manifestations, such as the 
nose, f:ice, head, mouth, lips, tongue, and breast, as well as all internal 
organs that can be reached direct. Besides, many internal Cancers that 
cannot be reached direct, may be reached and treated successfully 
through the agencv of the lymphatic vessels ar.:1 the blood. 

Dr. Hathaway also treats, with the same guarantee of success, Ul- 
cers, Snres, all manner of Blood Poisoning, and all chrcnic diseases ol 
men and women. 

Dr. Hathaway makes no charge for consultation or advice, either at his office or by mail. He will be 
glad to send free by mail his new book on Cancer and its cure to any address. 

J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M.D. 

IDR. IUTIIAWAV t CO.). 
420 K - Main Street, Cleveland Block, MEMPHIS, TEMM. 



BLAIR'S 



only to fill. 



THE ONLY FOUNTAIN PEN IN THE WORLD 

having a year's supply of the Best Ink FREE, right in the 
penholder, insuring ink anywhere. Requiring water 
Cartridges (<•) to renew supply, IO cents each. 



Colors, Red, Green, Blue, and Black Copying. Price, $1.75 Upward. 

Ordinary ink can also be used. Holders jointless. Non-Leakable. Never smears 
ink on the part held by the fingers, as pens with large caps do. Gold pens the best. 
This remarkable pen will be sent as a premium for three Veteran subscriptions. 



ESTABLISHED 1867 INCORPORATED 1893. 

She Jrank Sanderson {Produce %o. 

SOLICITS CONSIGNMENTS OF 

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. 



REFERENCE : 

ANY FIRM IN TOWN. 



PROMPT RETURNS. 



The Frank Anderson Produce Co., Nashville, Tenn. 



^ 
sW 



U Employment for You. | 



/IS 



A\ \VTE HAVE SEVERAL GOOD OPENINGS specially suited to Ministers, y|/ 
jki W Teachers, and Students, to engage with us in the sale of our books and ••»•• 



/IS 

/IS 
/IS 

/is 
/s 



engage 
Bibles. Our books are bright and new and up-to'date, and are fast sell' 
ers, Almost any intelligent person can sell them. This is a good chance for 
you to earn some money. If you are unemployed, or have some spare time, 
write at once. Send us fifty cents — stamps in good order will do — if you are 
ready to begin at once. We refer to Dunn's or Bradstreet's Mercantile Agency. 
We claim that ours is the best'selling line of subscription books published. 



\»/ 

\l/ 

\l/ 

Vl/ 
SI/ 



/Ijk Send a few references and inclose a stamp, and address your letter this way: yf^ 

# FOREMAN & GREEN, jjj 

jL 346 COURT SQUARE, NASHVILLE, TENN. }K 



«fc 



(Confederate Veteran. 



139 



FIFTEEN PER CENT OFF ON 
GIFTS. 

Same off on everything. We made a 
cJean cut of this amount February i. 
Some day we shall cut again. It keeps 
us growing. This saving will be appre- 
ciated in buying wedding presents from 
our enormous stock. Brodnax, Jeweler, 
Peabody Hotel Building, Memphis, Tenn. 



For handsome picture of steamships 
and hotels, 30x40 inches, for framing, 
send 8 cents in postage to B. W. Wrenn, 
Passenger Traffic Manager Plant Sys- 
tem, .Savannah, Ga. 



For beautifully illustrated deck of 
playing cards write 1!. W. Wrenn, Pas- 
senger Traffic Manager Plant System, 
Savannah, Ga., sending twenty-five cents 
in postage or cash. 



OFFICIAL SOUVENIR. 
Send us 50 cents for a beautiful en 
ameled lapel button or hat pin thai the 
committee is selling as souvenirs of the 
Memphis reunion. They are very hand- 
some. Brodnax, Jeweler, Pea'body Hote) 
Building. Memphis, Tenn. 

Jno. T. L wit , I'n -I. J. R01 Boons, Secy. 

%andh iQanking %c, 



NASHVILLE. 



Investment Securities 
and toans. 



THE CONFEDERATE HANDBOOK. 

The Confederate Handbook is a com- 
pilation of important events and other 
interesting matter relating to the great 
civil war. It is indorsed and recom- 
mended by Gens. Gordon, S. D. Lee. 
Cabell, Evans, Moorman, and many 
other distinguished Confederates. It is 
an invaluable aid and reference in the 
study of Confederate history, and 
should have a place in every library. 
The price of the book is twenty-five 
cents, supplied by the Veteran. 

Free for renewal and one new sub- 
scriber. 



LOWEST PRICES MADE LOWER. 
There is no other such stock of rare 
wedding goods in the South. This claim 
is not even open to argument. Nor are 
any such prices to lie had. A general 
reduction of fifteen per cent went into 
force February 1. Brodnax, Jeweler, 
Peabody Hotel Building, Memphis, Tenn. 



CDPftTAPI CC it wholesale. Send 

arE0IAl»LtOfnr,-:it!,| 1 . k ..A|-.nls 



Rife Hydraulic Engine 

pumps water automatically by water 
power. Place this engine two feet 
or more below A"ur water supply, and 
it will tli-liv er a constant 
stream of water ,}0 feet 
high for <'\ ery foot of fall, 
Without Stopping, 
Without Attention. 
Chauncey C. Foster, Special Agent, 
329 Church Street, Nashville, Tenn. 




Destroy the Germs; 
Cure the Disease! 





Sent on Three Days' Trial 



n nidi 1 fin i minim u.iu. iiiic 1*0,111. 



THROUGH SERVICE " 

Via L & N., E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 

2Vestibuled Through Trains 4) 
Daily, Nashville to Chicago £ 

Through Buffet Sleeping and Day Coaches, 
New Orleans to Chicago. 



F P JirraiBS P. A. 

■VAHSVII.LB, IND, 



D. H Hiu-maw S A 

ItASHTTLLa TBNN. 



The nbove illustration shows how the EJ- 
Worst Scientific Catarrh Inhaler sends the 
medicated nir into every air passage of the 
head. Nothing but air can penetrate these fine 
air cells and reach the homes of the living 
germs that cause disease. No suufT, powders, 
douche or spray can possibly reach them. 
Don't be deceived— make no mistake— apply 
commoi: sense, and you will find thai 

E. J. Worst's Catarrh Inhaler 

is the only instrument that will give you quick 
return for a small outlav, and perfect satisfac- 
tion as a Cure tor Catarrh, Colds, Pains and 
Roaring In the Head, Bronchitis, Sore Throat, 
Headache, Partial Deafness, and all Diseases of 
the Air Passages. 

SPECIAL OFFER. 

For b short time I will mail to any reader, 
naming t i 1 i -. paper, one of my new Scientific 
Catarrh Inhalers, with medicine for one year 
on three days' trial free. If it gives satisfac- 
tion, send me $1 00; if not, return it after three 
days' trial. Could any proposition be fairer? 

I J, WORST, 5 82 Main Str eet. Ashland, 0, 

Not Sold by Druggists. AGENTS WANTED 



XJhe Smith ^Premier TJypewriter 



jCectda them all. 




3>mr Catalogue. {Prices, etc.} tddress 

ffirando;. (Printing Company, 



flftV r*/er by porm.'ssion to tA* 

Cditor oftAo Veteran. 



Tfashoill; 1j*nr 



140 



C^opfederat^ l/eteran. 



TRIBUTE TO MRS. MARTHA S. 
GIELOW. 

Hon. John. J. Steger, of the Tennessee 
Legislature, now in session: "I had the 
pleasure of attending the Sam Davis 
monument entertainment in Nashville. 
Being verv busy, 1 hesitated about at- 
tending the first night, but the s« I 

night 1 was there early. Mrs. Gielow is 
the most natural and charming exponent 
of old plantation days in Dixie I have 
ever heard. I will long treasure the 
memories (if those evenings. 1 wished 
all present could have been 'old for the 
time,' so as to have enjoyed to the full- 
est. It touched and played upon some 
chords' in my heart that I supposed dead. 
God bless the dear woman! Do not neg- 
lect an opportunity to hear Mrs. Gielow.'' 



Mac-O-Cheek 
Indian Salve. 



If you are troubled with Eczema, Tetter, 
Granulated Eyelids, Frosted Feet, Files, 
Burns of any kind, Blackheads, Chaps or any 
kind of Skin Disease, \o\i can he cured by 
using MAC-O-CHEEK INDIAN SALVE. 

The formula for this salve was originated 
by Mac-O-Cheek, an Indian doctor who re- 



turned to Boone County, Ky 
of 



Ath Maj. 
Robert Piatt after the war of 1812. "While 
this salve ceased to he manufactured, aft. r the 
death of Mac-O-Cheek, the formula has re- 
cently been discovered by Maj. Piatt's grand- 
son, W. C. Piatt, Who will from now on i'"ii- 
tinue to manufacture MAG-G-CHEEK 
INDIAN SALVE. 

W. C. Piatt has been manufacturing this 
salve for only a few months (but older mem- 
bers of the family have been using it fur 
years), and during this time it has more cures 
to its credit than any other salve in the world. 

Use it now if you need it. 

Keep it in your home at all times. 

Ask your dnurgist for it or send 25 cents 
for trial box to'W. C. PIATT & COMPA- 
NY, 614 Mildki-.d Avenue, Chk ago. 



Southern Railway. 

7,269 Miles. One Management. 

Penetrating Ten Southern States. Reaching 

Principal Cities of the South with 

Its Own Fines. 

Solid Vestibuled Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment. 
Fast Schedules. 

DINING CARS are operated on Southern 
— — — ^— — ^— Railway trains. 

OBSERVATION CARS '•" Washington and 
— Southwestern \ es- 

tibuled Limited, and "Washington and Chat- 
tanooga Fimited via Lynchburg. 

ELEGANT PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS 

of the latest pattern on all through trains. 



S. H. HARDWICK, 
General Passenger Agt., Washington, D. C.j 

C. A. BENSCOTER, 

Ass't Gen'l Pass. Agt., Chattanooga, Tenn.; 

J. P. BILLUPS, 

Traveling Pass. Agt., Chattanooga, Tenn. 



THE SHORTEST AND QUICKEST 
line to Denver is from St. Louis via the 
Missouri Pacific Railway, leaving St. 
Louis at 9 a.m. and arriving at Denver 
at 1 1 o'clock the next morning — only one 
night out. Pullman sleepers, superior 
service. For complete information ad- 
dress R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A., 
Louisville, Ky. ; or H. C. Townsend, G. 
P. and T. A.. St. Louis, Mo. 



^^ ^^—^ _ fu Send us your :id<lre c .9 

JQaDaySureEH 

%F ^^ furnish the work Uld Unch yon tree, you ""' k In 
the loc.ility where you live. Bfcod us four ^Mr-ss ami we Will 
explain the business fully, rememhorwe guarantee a cleu profit 
of $3 for evorvdny's work, absolutely sure. Write it onr« 

B0V1L MA.NtFACTllUNU CO., Uu*268 Detroit, Mich. 





JACKSONVILLE 

via Valddsta Route, from Valdosta via Georgia 

Southern and Florida Rv., from Macon 

via Central uf Georgia Ky., from 

ATLANTA 

via Western and Atlantic R. R., from 

CHATTANOOGA 



NASHVILLE 

ishville, Chattanooga, and St. L 
arriving at 

ST. LOUIS 



i.i the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Ry., 
arriving at 



CHICAGO 

verthe Illinois Central R. It. from Martin, Tenn. 



DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE AND 
THROUGH SLEEPING CARS 

MAINTAINED OVER THIS 

SCENIC LINE. 

Ticket agents of the Jacksonville-St. Louis and 
Chicago line, and agents of connecting lines in 
Florida and the Southeast, will give you full in- 
formation as to schedules of this double daily serv- 
ice to St. I.ouis, Chicago, and the Northwest, and 
of train time of lines connecting. They will also 
sell you tickets and advfse you as to rates. 



F. D. MILLER, - - • Atlanta, Ga„ 

Traveling Passenger Agent I. C. It. R. 
WM. SMITH, JR., - - Nashville, Tenn, 

Commercial Agent. 



The Best 
Line 

From ST. LOUIS to 

Kansas City 
St. Joe 
Omaha 
Pueblo 
Denver 
and the 
Pacific CoaLSt 
Only line operating 10 fast trains 
daily between St. Louis and Kan- 
sas City and connection to all 
Western points. Pullman Sleep' 
ers and Free Reclining Chair Cars 
on all trains. 

Little Rock and Hot Springs, 
Ark., all points in Texas, Old and 
New Mexico, Arizona, and Cali- 
fornia best reached via Iron Moun' 
tain Route from St. Louis or Mem- 
phis. Elegant vestibuled trains 
with Pullman Sleepers, and Free 
Reclining Chair Gars double daily. 
Winter Tourist Rates now in effect. 
HomcSeekers' Excursion Tickets for 
prospectors. Limited 2 1 days. On 
sale semimonthly. Through Pull' 
man Tourist Sleepers Weekly from 
St. Louis to Los Angeles and San 
Francisco, leaving St. Louis every 
Thursday 8:15 p.m., via Iron Moun' 
tain Route. 
Low Rates to All Western Points. 

For free descriptive, literature, folders, 
rates, and general information regarding 
Western trip, comult nearest ticket agent 

° r R. T. G. MATTHEWS, T. P. A., 
304 West Main St., Louisville, Ky.j 
H. C. TOWNSEND, G. P. & T. A., 
St. Louis, Mo. 




Qorjfederare l/eterai}. 



141 



IN MEMORIAM. 

BY ANNA ALEXANDER CAMERON, HII.LSBOKO, N. C. 

(Lines written hearing a distant bugle 
and dedicated to the survivors of the 
Confederate States army.) 

Faintly ring's out a bugle horn. 
And fainter still its echoes die. 

Breaking the soft, sweet hush of morn 
With mimic war's wild minstrelsy. 

And memories of the Long ago 

Come thronging, as its notes I hear, 

When all the future seemed aglow 
With radiancy of promise- fair, 

Adown the coming years did beal 
The pulse of hope, life seemed so 
bright 
That little recked we of defeat, 

Nor dreamed such days should close 
in night. 

Freedom had gathered thirteen stars, 
Soft blue from out the sk) she rent. 

Caught from the rainbow crisiwon I 
That with the stars and blue were 

blent. 

Into .1 li inner shall ivi livi 

On history's pagi in wig amid story, 

By heroes wreathed with im'morti ' 
A people's pride, a notion's glory, 

ive this standard to our trust. 
And bade us to the conflict 
Never to trail it in the dust, 
Or yield one Fail star to Wi< foi 

For four long years we kt , 

'Gainst desperate odds, their COUI1 
host; 
We fought and starved for many a day. 
Nor dreamed our cause could . i 
lost. 

But as the years went slowly by. 

Our sun adown the west had . rep: ; 
The flower of Southern chivalry 

On M I stained fields by thousands 

slept. 

Disease and want had worn away 
Our shattered ranks, mini .,: 

Night's -darkness fell athwart a daj 
When hope of victory was past 

On Appomattox' fatal plain 
Faded from oul our flag tin- stars, 

The blue crept back to heaven again. 
The rainbow claimed lis blood stained 
bars. 

Ragged, hungry, weary men! 

Brave veterans of a hundred fields, 
You rallied for the last time then, 

And wrote defeat upon your shields. 

O, who can forget that hour 

In the long lapse of coming years' 

Men though we urn we had no power 
To stay our sobs and bitter tears. 

At length 'twas o'er, ami as we turned. 

Stilled by a deep and voiceless pain, 
Suddenly aloft tin re burned 

A glory we ne'er would see again. 

From splintered staff was floating far 

Tattered and battle-stained and riven, 
A banner whereon each radiant star 
Shone as though from the vault of 
. en. 



A moment gazed those war worn men; 

Stern faces lit then on the air; 
Echoing from mountain height and 
glen. 

Sudden there rose a last, long cheer! 

Rough hands dashed blinding tears 
aside; 

Then reverently, with drooping head, 
Slowly each went with heavy stride 

As irom the presence of the dead. 



BETWEEN 
ST. LOUIS 

AND 

TEXAS 

AND 

MEXICO. 



THE 

I.&G.N. 



BETWEEN 
BIRMINGHAM. 
MERIDIAN 

AND 

TEXAS 
VIA SHREVEPORT. 



The International and Great Northern 
Railroad Company 

IS THE SHORT LINE. 

Through Cars and Pullman Sleepers 
I >o 1 1 v . Superior Passenger Service. 
Past Trains an. I Modern Equipment 

IF YOU ARE GOING ANYWHERE, 

Ask I. .in I i.. X. Agents Cor Com- 
plete information, or ^ rite 
D. J. PRICE, 

L. PRICE. 

■M v. r- i Mil «n<t <!,-n<>n»l Sup rlnli 



PALESTINE, TEX. 



BETWEEN 
KANSAS 

CITY, 
TEXAS, 

AND 

MEXICO. 



THE 

I.&G.N. 



BETWEEN 

MEMPHIS 

AND 

TEXAS 

AND 

MEXICO. 



Great Opportunities for 



Homes in Texas. 



Winter Resorts. 

Texas, New and Old Mexico 
best reached via 

Iron Mountain Route 

from 

ST. LOUIS, CAIRO, or MEMPHIS. 

Three FastTrains Daily from St. Louis. 
Two Fast Trains Daily from Memphis. 
Through Pullman .Sleepers and Elegant 
Free Reclining Chair Cars on all trains. 
Quickest route and best service to 

Texas and the We 

Reduced Winter Tourist rates in ell.-, i 
November i, 1900, to April 30, 
Tickets on sale daily. Final return limit 
June 1. [901. 

Home-Seeker Excursion tickets on sale 
\ ia 1 ron Mountain Route to \\ 1 
Points Semimonthly. One fare plus $2 
round trip, limited -m .l.n s. 

For particulars, rat.--, free descriptive 
literature, map folders, etc., consull near 
est ticket agent, or address 

R. T. Q. MATTHEWS, 

T. P. A.., 304 W. Main St., Louisville 
H. C. TOVVNSEND, 

(,, P. and T. A.. St. Louis, Mo. 



The country traversed by the 
International and (Treat Northern 
Railroad, embracing the greater 
portion of East, South, and South- 
west Texas, contains thousands 
of acres of fertile land especially 
adapted to general farming, stock- 
raising, rice, tobacco, fruit, and 
grape culture, trucking, mining, 
and lumber manufacturing, that 
can he purchased at low rates and 
on exceedingly liberal terms. 

The Illustrator 

and General Narrator, 

a handsomely illustrated month- 
ly magazine, published by the 
1. & G. N. R. R., each number of 
which contains general and spe- 
cific information regarding 
count) or section in the 1. &. (1. 
N. count ry, 

Sent Free 

to any address on receipt of _>;.- 
to cover a year's postage, 
for sample eppy, contains rel 
information regarding this mat- 
ter. Address 

D. J. PRICE, O. P. & T. A.. 

Palestine, Te\. 
PLEASE MENTION THIS PAPER. 



HUSTLING YOUNG MAN cm makr *x. pei 
month and expenses. Permanent position. Expe- 
rience unnecessary. Write ijuick for narli' 
Clark At Co., 4th and Locust Ms., Philadelphia, 




142 



Confederate l/eterap. 



A RECORD BREAKER. 

Speaking of fast time made by rail- 
road trains, the official record of a fast 
mail train on the Plant System 1 
ary 2S is as follows: A train consisting 
of Engine No. [II, one sixty-foot 
bule postal car and one standard sleep- 
er ran from Fleming, Ga.. to Jackson- 
ville. Fla., a distance of one hundred 
and forty-eight miles, in one hundred 
and thirty-four minutes. The fastest 
time on this run was made between the 
follow ing points : Jesup to Waycross, 
forty miles in thirty minutes; Waycross 
to Folkston, thirty-tour miles in twenty- 
eight minutes: Waycross to Callahan, 
fifty-five miles in forty-eight minutes ; 
Waycross to Jacksonville, seventy-five 
miles in sixty-nine minutes. 

The fastest time on the run was from 
Screven. Ga.. to the seventy-four-mile 
siding, a distance of four and eight- 
tenths miles, which was covered in ex- 
actly two minutes and forty seconds. 

The train stopped for water at Jesup 
and Waycross. stopped at Seaboard Air 
Line crossing at Callahan, and slowed 
down twice, over the A. V. & W. and 
Jacksonville & Southwestern crossings 
between Jacksonville and Callahan. 

When the remarkable time of this 
train is compared with the schedules of 
a few years ago some idea can be ob- 
tained of the rapid advance of train 
service, especially in the South. 

Roadbed and equipment are under- 
going continual improvement, and the 
facilities of transportation offered are 
of the highest standard. The advances 
in railroading within the past few years 
have been most phenomenal, and the 
schedules and train service are of a class 
of which the transportation lines in the 
South, as well as the public, are justly 
proud. B. W. Wrenn, 

Passenger Traffic Manager. 



50 YEARS' 
EXPERIENCE 




Trade Marks 
Designs 
Copyrights &c. 

Anyone «cn dint,- a sketch nnd description may 
■ intridv iiscerriiin our opinion free whether an 
Invention is probably patentable. Communica- 
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents 
sent tree, iiMest fteency f or securing patents. 

Patents taken liiriiUL'h Munn & Co. receive 
tpecUtl notice, without charee, iu the 

Scientific Emericam 

A handsnmply illustrated weekly. Largest cir- 
culation of any scientific journal. Terms, $3 a 
year ; four months, $1. Sold byall newsdealers. 

MUNN & Co. 36,Broadwa v New York 

Branch Office. 625 F St.. Washington, D. C. 



The Shortest Route to Texas. 

One reason why travelers to Texas go 
via Memphis and the 

Cotton Kelt H.oute, 

is that the Cotton Belt is from 

twenty-five to fifty miles shorter 

vjthaa other routes. 

'vi^his , saving in distance 

makes a corresponding sav- 

[; ing in time. 

Cotton Belt trains C3rry Pullman 
Sleepers at night, Parlor Cafe Cars 
during the day and Free Chair Cars 
both day and night. 

Write and tell us where you are 
going and when you will leave, and 
we will tell you the exact cost of 
a ticket and send you a complete 
1 schedule for the trip. We will also 
send you an interesting little book, 
"A Trip to Texas." 




-»Ca 



W. 0. ADAMS. T. P. A., Nashville. Term. 
I W. UBtAUME, 0. P. and T. A., SI Louis, Mo. 



"No Trouble" 

TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 



1> P P 



Finest Passenger Service in 



TEXAS. 



TAKE OUR LINE AT 

7EXARKANA, 
SHREVEPQRT, 
NEW ORLEANS. 

WRITE FOR BOOK ON TEXAS FREE. 



L. S. THORNE, E. P. TURNER, 

V. P. and Gen. Mgr. G. P. and I. A 
Dallas. Tex. 

The Life of Gen. N. B. Forrest, by Dr. 
J. A. Wyeth, is the most popular book 
ever offered by the Veteran. Send $4 
for the book and a year's subscription. 



,!& 



13 



STANDS PREEMINENT, 



I! 



Santa Fe 
Route 



And Represents the 

Best Obtainable Service, 

Superb Through Trains 
between 

Galveston, Houston, 
Dallas, Fort Worth, 
Austin, San Antonio. 

Pullman's Finest 

Vestibuled Observation Sleepers, 

Well- Appointed Day Coaches. 

Free Reclining Chair Cars. 

Rock Ballast Roadbed. 



/CORN salvex 

I ton REMOW/VO 

i CORNS. VIARTS &-C.4 



SEND A O CENTS 



',16 



By Mall | ^ (if your 

druggist does not 

keep it) FOR A BOX OF.... 

Townsend's Corn Salve. 

Guaranteed to cure, 

G. E.TOWNSLND.M. D., 
Bow ling Green, Ky 



Qopfederate l/eterar; 



148 



jiiiiiiimmiiiiiimii. mini ii iiiiiiiiiiiiiidiiii eiiiiiiiiiiiii.. -... . 

; Design for U. C. V. button patented for exclusive use of United Cun- 
Z federate Veterans July 14, 1896. 

Lapel Button, Gold, each $1 00 

Lapel Button, Plated, each 25 

Uniform Button, Coat Size, per dozen 50 

Uniform Button, Vest Size, per dozen 2 5 

Send remittance with order for buttons, 
LAPEL BUTTON. , , 

Information furnished m regard to regu- 
i lation uniforms, uniform material, ami insignia of rank. unifo ;m button. ; 
E Address J. F. SHIPP, (J. M. Gen. I . C. V.'s, Chattanooga, Tenn. i 

nil MMIIIItlMII'linilllllllllllMIIMIIIIllllllllltlllllllllHtHlllimillllllllllUIMIIMIInllllllll mill 111 IMMMMII II HUT 

"One Country, 
• . . One fflaa." 






to Purchase .... 




Flags, Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps, \ TC You Going ? 



•nd all kindsof Military EqriPMKHT lc a* 

J. A. JOEL & CO., 

aa Nnin str,et, sbw rornm, 

SEND FOR PEICE LIST 
Confederate Flags in Silk, Bunting, and Muslin, 

SALESMEN WANTED. 

Traveling Mkn desiring a salable side line of 
well-established sia|>ir goods (nol requiring the 
currying of pamples) — commission 2o and 90 — 
address M AINUFACTURER. P. 0. Box 153, 
Covington. Ky. 



CDCPTaPI CC ntwnolesale. Sena 
Or CO I AbLEOrc.r.ntiiini.Airents 

wanted. 0OC LTKROrTU'AL CO. Chicago, 11* 



Whenever you visit Florida or 
Cuba, by whatever route you travel, 
see that tickets read by Plant 
System. 

For information as to Railway ^ 
Steamships, and Hotels, address 

B. W. Wrenn, Passenger Traffic Manager, 
SAVANNAH. GA. 



^mmmmimtim 



Enjoy Your Breakfast, 

BY USING OUR NEW STANDARD 




IT IS IX PEED A RARE TREAT. 

It i- packed in AI'.-OI I II I \ UK- 
TIGHT TRADE - MARK BAGS, which 
will preserve tin- strength ami flavor for 
any len&FI b of t una. 

Will \ 1 M NEW VORK CITY don't fail r. 

visit the HANDSOMEST AM) CLEANES1 

11 \ STORE In Vmerica, It li.is been entirely 

remodeled — new front, new entrance, new di 

r stock, etc. It is well worth a visit. 

Vgents make •.*.*» per cent \w Rolling our 

celebrated TEAS I COFFEES. 

VII Orders, by Mall or Tele| rtl indt, 

Will \\, l' 1 Ml, ntion. 

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Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 
States. These monuments cos'. f rom five to thirty thousand dollars. The 
following is a partial list of monuments they have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 



Cynthiana, K y. 
Lexington, K ) . 
Louisville, K | . 
Raleigh. N. C. 
J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

I telena, Ark. 

Helena, Ark. 
Macon, Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
riiomasville, Ga. 
Sparta, < !a. 



Dalton, ( ,.i. 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Columbia, Tenn. 

Shelbyville, Tenn. 

Franklin, Tenn. 

Kentucky Si ite Monument, 
Cbickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
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Winchester, Va. 



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We beg leave to remind you of our statements 
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n A Ml^F C ^' 1C ' ncom P^ r:i ^l e National burns either coal or 
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which is right where you want it. A National can be found to 
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the most expansive grandfather. The six-fire one we made for 
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also described in Catalogue No. 105. 



SUMMER 



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stay at home you cannot do without summer 
goods, such as Refrigerators, Filters, Coolers, 
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for Catalogue No. 101. 



CROCKERY and 
GLASSWARE 



Dinner Sets, Tea Sets, and Toilet 
Sets of the finest French and 
Austrian and Bavarian China. 
Imported d -ect to us at Nashville, 
saving all broker's commissions and 
local freights, all of which we give to 
vou. An endless array of Meakin's best Queen's Ware of the 
latest styles and daintiest decorations. Tumblers, Goblets, 
Lamps and Lamp Trimmings, Water Sets. Lanterns, Chande- 
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Covers, Castors, and Tableware" of every variety in Catalogue 
No. 106. 



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The biggest variety to select from that 
can be found in any one place — of most 
chaste design, clearest crystal, and most 
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just what you want. 



BRIC-A-BRAC 



In endless; array, gathered from the 

best factories of the old and new 

worlds, bought in enormous quanti- 
ties and sold upon "staple" margins. We have Statuary, 
Epergnes, Vases, Jardinieres with ana without pedestals, ( ; 
Ferneries, Steins, Tobacco Jars, Pin Trays, Ash Receivers — the 

1 gleanings of the world of Art Pottery at prices to suit 
VOUH condition, whatever that may be. 



TABLE CVTLERY 



Of the best makes, in styles 
most up-to-date. Just what 
is desired in the palatial 
town house or the country seat, where Comfort and economy are 
considered. Plated ware from Rogers, and steel goods of gen- 
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Scissors, and Pocket Cutlery at prices from which all semblance 
of an agent's commission has been removed. Goods guaranteed 
as to quality by the foremost makers in the world, and their 
guarantee insured by ours. 



TINWARE 



amous throughout the entire South is our 
Blue Ribbon " Tinware, with its seamless 
covers, rimmed and double-seamed bottoms, 
having every modern improvement in manufacture while made of 
old-fashioned stock such as your grandmothers were so proud of. 
All kinds of Buckets, Cans, Cups, Boilers, Steamers, Saucepans, 
Sifters, Funnels. Measures, Milk Cans, Oil Cans, Biscuit Re- 
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us, whenever interested, fur Catalogue No. 101. 



MANTELS and 
GRATES 



In wood, or in iron to imitate woods 
or marbles. All widths, with grates 
to suit ever)' climate. Tile for fa- 
cings or hearths, Fire Sets, Brass Fenders. The 
most extensive line ever assembled by one man- 
ufacturer. Onr Catalogue No. 103 will be sent 
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Don't think of improving your house this spring without study- 
ing the Mantel and Grate question, and save money by writing 
to us. 



WHY DO WE 
BOAST? 



WHY DO WE BOAST THAT WE 

ARE BIG ? Not to make anybody feel 

bad, for we haven't an enemy on earth. 

'Tis for your sake. The bigger the house the 

more likely you are to find what you want in the? 

sales rooms. The bigger the house the more likely 



we are to buy at tlie seller's lowest prices, hence to lurnish you 
with the best goods for the least money. WHY DO WE 
BOAST THATWE ARE OLD? Not because of egotism. 



'Twas the people that made Phillips & Buttorff a success. Wi 
boast that we have been in business on one corner for 43 years 
because it means that we have proven faithful servants, meriting 
the confidence of father and grandfather. It means to you that 
" we know how," and that we are in the habit of doing right. 



Phillips (& Buttorff Manufacturing Co. 

NASHVILLE. TENN. 



WHEN WRITING MF.N'TIOX THE VETEHAN. 



The Reunion VETERAN ( May) must be distributed at Memphis. Send desired copy at once. 

v °' 9. NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1901. No. 4. 



Qopfederate l/eterai?. 




PROMINENT OFFICIALS OF THE UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

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GEORGE B. MYERS, General, Ardmore, Ind. T. IMIKS M\w 

Commander for ^Armj of Tennessee Department, Hollj Springs, Miss. Com,,, mder for Arm, of Northern Virginia Department, Nottoway, Va. 

JOHN LYFORD HORNER, i vn iott n.nnri i 

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as. ista. t Quartermaster G, neral, Helena, Ark. Adjutant General and Chief of Staff. Louisville, Ky. 



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HOLLYWOOD MONUMENT, RICHMOND 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office :it Nashville, Term., as second -class math r. 

Contri l'ii tors are requested to use only one side oi the paper, and t<. ahbra i- 
ateas much as practicable. The shorter the article the sooner published. 

Don't send newspapers marked. Clip the article and inclose it with letter. 

The date to a subscription is alwa\ s given to the month before it ends. Foi 
instance, if the Veteran is ordered to begin with janu try, the datt o 
list will he December t and the subscriber is entitled to that nun 

Ad\ ertislng rates furnished on application. They are very low. 



OFFIC1ALLT REPRESENTS: 

Unite] bratb Vi r&RANs, 

United Daughters <>k the Confederacy, 

Si>\S OF VlTKK.Ws, AM) OTHER ORGANIZATIONS. 



The civil war was t<>o long ago to be called the lat* war, and when cor- 
respondents use that term the vrord^reai w ill be substituted. 



Veteran Is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and more 
■ <i patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in exfsteno . U is 
faithful to the great trust committed to It by the Southern people. 

h men deserve, they may not win success ; 
i rave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick, $1.00 per Year. 
Single Copy, 10 Cents, 



| Vol. IX. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1901. 



Nn , | S. A. CUNNINGHAM, 

U " * I PROPRIETOR. 



1. When our work is ended, we shall sweetly rest, 'Mid the sainted spirits, safe on Je-sus' breast; All our 

2. Earth hath man-y sorrows, but they cannot last, And our greati st troubles quickly will be past ; If we 

3. When the storm is o-ver, sweet will be the calm, Alter life's long battle, bright the victor b palm: And the 



■gr.-rT- — fr— > ...-M m " * *_ 




ver, we shall glad - ly sing, Grave ! -where is thy vicVry ? Death ! where is thy sting? 
look to Je - bus, he will give us strength ; By His prace we shall be conquer - ors at length, 
cross of anguish which now wi ighe as down , Well exchange in Heaven for a shin -iug crown. 



LET US PASS OVER THE RIVER, AND REST UNDER THE SHADE OF THE TREES. 

Rev. J. William -»— ? — — r : * — : — *-JS-J ' > * — », I 

Jones, Chaplain 
General U. C. V., 
writes of the ac- 
companying: "1 
want to sing that at 
our chaplains' meet- 
ing in Memphis." 
It is a happy sug- 
gestion, and is com- 
mended to all con- 
gregations of wor- 
shipers, where the 
magnetic career of 
Stonewall Jackson 
is revered, on the 
Sunday previous to 
the reunion. 

AYhile the "hoys" 
enjoy "Old - Time 
G m federates" and 
sing the tune to 
many phrases, this 
song might be sub- 
stituted most ap- 
propriately at many 
of their gatherings. 

While SO great a The above l« from the "Amaranth," published by the M. E Church, South. The words an by Kate Cameron and the music by 

m u 1 t i t u d e has 



_y_ 



mm 



? 5 



§ 



Tho' the dark waves roll high, we will be un - dismaved, "Let us pass o 



ver the riv - er, And 




the late R. M. Mcintosh. It closes with the words of Stonewall Jackson. 



been called hence since our last convention, promi- 
nence to "Let Us Pass over the River" would seem 
fitting as a general memorial tribute to all of our 
comrades who have answered the "last roll" call. 

Comrades everywhere would do well to cooperate 
in all movements inaugurated by our chaplains, whose 
unselfishness during the war and since commends 
their actions. 



Gen. John B. Gordon, Commanding U. C. V., has 
appointed the following as aids-de-camp on his staff, 
with rank of colonel : Allen Barksdale, Ruston, La. ; 
John W. Faxon, Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Charles W. An- 
derson, Murfreesboro, Tenn. ; Tim E. Cooper, Jack- 
son, Miss., now a resident of Memphis, Tenn. ; W. J. 
Crawford, Memphis, Tenn. ; William M. Forrest, son 
of Gen. N. B. Forrest, of Memphis, Tenn. 



148 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



GEN. O. F. STRAHL, BURIED AT DYERSBURG. 

A surprise, pleasing and sad, occurred recently in 
the visit of Comrades John M. McGinnis and David 




GEN. O. F. STRAHL. 

Shaw, of Dyersburg, who called at the Veteran office 
announcing that they had come to take home for final 
burial Gen. Otho French Strahl, killed in the battle of 
Franklin. It was pleasing to know that the love and 
admiration for that noble Confederate officer, who had 
lain in a grave at St. John's Church (Maury County, 
Tenn., west of Columbia) for more than thirty-six 
years, induced the expense and discomfort of such 
service, while the good people of Columbia were de- 
pressed by the defeat of their long-cherished hope to 
remove the body to the Confederate lot in Columbia, 
and erect a worthy monument to his memory. Know- 
ing the desire to do this, Col. H. G. Evans, of Colum- 
bia, was telephoned at once, that friends there might 
be prepared for their loss, and that they arrange to co- 
operate in the disinterment service. It was like break- 
ing the news of a death. Courageously they met the 
issue. Col. Evans and Capt. R. D. Smith, of the Leon- 
idas Polk Bivouac and the William H. Trousdale 
Camp of Confederate Veterans, took action, cooper- 
ated with by the Daughters of the Confederacy and 
Sons, so the visiting comrades who went for the bodv 
were largely relieved. 

The reinterment was made, and the handsome casket 
was carried to the Episcopal Church, in Columbia. 
where it remained overnight, and appropriate service 
was conducted by Rev. W. B. Capers, rector. Gen 
Strahl was a churchman. 

A floral Confederate battle flag was sent by the 
Daughters, and presented by one of them who> attend- 
ed the funeral of Gen. Strahl when first buried. The 
kindness of many others deserves mention. As an in- 
stance, a liveryman at Mt. Pleasant furnished carriages 



for the guests, and offered to serve free all who wanted 
to go to St. John's to the limit of his livery. 

The public service at Dyersburg was appropriate. 
There was in town that day a surprisingly large at- 
tendance of veterans. It was intended to have the 
services in the courthouse, but by a change the hand- 
some Opera House was used for the public exercises. 
Capt. S. R. Latta, of Dyersburg, made the first ad- 
dress. He mentioned the remarkable fact that when 
the patriots of that section of Tennessee rushed to 
arms in defense of their homes and rights, Strahl, an 
Ohioan, was chosen to command the first company or- 
ganized ; while he, a Pennsylvanian, was chosen to 
command the second company raised in the county. 
Capt. Latta gave in brief the story of Strahl's life, a 
record of which all men may be proud. Rev. Dr. T. G. 
Stainback, Chaplain of the Camp, that magnetic and 
eloquent comrade who was the pastor and intimate 
friend of Gen. Forrest, and who received him into the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church and preached his 
funeral when he died, paid worthy tribute. Dr. Stain- 
back's service in the Tennessee headquarters at the 
Louisville reunion will ever be a sweet and charming 
memory to all who attended it. The editor of the 
Veteran, who was with Gen. Strahl, and received 
guns from his hands while posted on the embankment 
of the works captured in the battle, was introduced 
and gave a succinct account of his command on that 
memorable occasion up to the time the General was 
first wounded, which is here reproduced in part : "I 
was near Gen. Strahl, who stood in the ditch and hand- 
ed up guns to those posted to fire them. I had passed 
to him my short Enfield (noted in the regiment) about 




THE GALLANT LIEUT. JOHN MARSH, 
Killed at Franklin, and buried by Gen. Strahl at St. John's Church. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



]49 



the sixth time. The man who had been firing cocked 
it, and was taking deliberate aim, when he was shot, 
and tumbled down dead into the ditch upon those 
killed before him. When the men so exposed were 
shot down their places were supplied by volunteers 
until these were exhausted, and it was necessary for 
Gen. Strahl to call upon others. He turned to me, 
and, though I was several feet back from the ditch, I 
rose up immediately and, walking over the wounded 
and dead, took position with one foot upon the pile 
of bodies of my dead fellows and the other in the em- 
bankment, and fired guns which the General himself 
handed up to me until he too was shot down. I Ine 
other man had had position on my right, and assisted 
in the tiring. The battle lasted until not an efficient 
man was left between us and the Columbia pike, about 
fifty yards to our right, and hardly enough behind us 
to hand up the guns. We could not hold out much 
longer, for indeed but few of us wore then left 
It seemed as if we had no choice but to surrender or 
try to get away; and when 1 asked the General For 
counsel he simply answered : 'Keep firing.' But just 
as the man to my right was shot, and fell against me 
with terrible groans, Gen. Strahl was shot, lie threw 
up his hands, falling on his face, and I thought him 
dead ; but in asking the dying man who still lay against 
my shoulder as he sunk Forever how he was wounded, 
the General, who had not been killed, thinking my 
question was to him, raised up, saying that he was 
shot in the neck, and called for Col. Stafford to turn 
over his command, lie crawled over the dead piled 
in the ditch for that purpose. I learned later that in- 
tercepting T. F. Ledsinger, one of his old company. 
lie started to the rear supported by him, and in a few 
moments a fatal shot struck him on the back of the 
head, and he fell suddenly forward." 

A long procession on foot and in carriages followed 
the hearse and veterans who marched to the cemeterv. 
The grave is on a beautiful hill, within a few hundred 
yards of (lie railway station, where it is hoped a mag- 
nificent monument will be erected. 

Feeling concerned upon this subject, the writer not 
only notified comrades at Columbia, but also wrote 
Gen. Strahl's sister. Mrs. Janet S. Sigler, at llepler, 
Kans., of the intended removal, hoping that her sanc- 
tion might be known on that occasion. Her letter was 
not received in time, so extracts are made here which 
will interest not only those who participated but all 
others who read the VETERAN. It is dated April o. 
too i : 

"I had not heard of the intended removal of brother 
Otho's remains to Dyersburg, but T am sincerely glad. 
as I know he has many friends among them. T wish 
T could have been present. T so often wonder win 
lie could not have been spared among so many, but 
all things are for the best, T suppose. 

"If you have a chance, I should be so thankful if you 
would give my thanks to any and all who are helping 
to honor him. the beloved brother, although T can 
scarcely remember him. for I was a babe when he left 
home, and I just remember one visit he made us when 
T was possibly five or six years old. There are only 
my vouncest brother and myself now living of our im- 
mediate family." 

The writer visited Mrs. Sigler several years ago as 



a tribute to his beloved commander. It was an event 
of much interest and pleasure. When he asked if she 
could explain why her brother was so persistent to the 
death in the Confederate service, being a Northern 
man, she promptly replied : "Both of his grandmothers 
were Southern women." Mr. Sigler, manifestly proud 
of his brother-in-law, produced the beautiful uniform 
gray coat they had sacredly preserved with its stars 
and wreath. 

FOR WHOM DAWSON CAMP WAS NAMED. 

Col. W. A. Dawson, of the Fifteenth Tennessee 
Regiment. Ruckcr*s Brigade, Jackson's Division, For- 
rest's Cavalry, was killed near Columbia, Tenn., on 

ili'.' morning of November 
28, 1864. His regiment 
was in advance of the 
army, and ran into the 
camp of a brigade of 
mounted infantry about 
dark at Henryville, west 
of Mt. Pleasant, on the 
1st of November, and 
stampeded them. Forrest 
and his escort were with 
them in the Henryville 
fight, and the Federals 
were pushed right along 
through the night, reach- 
ing Mt. Pleasant about 
four o'clock on the morning of November 2. They 
moved 011 toward Columbia, fighting almost constant- 
ly until about ten o'clock, when Col. Dawson was 
killed. He had just crossed a bridge near Columbia 
in advance of bis command. In fact he and two of 
his men from Company I (Capt. Williams) were the 
only men that crossed the bridge. On the 3d Gen. 
Strahl detailed two men to find his body, and it was 
buried in the cemeterv at Columbia. 

In a personal letter Mr. J. H. Dawson, a son of 
Col. Dawson, who was flag bearer of the regiment, 
writes: "Bennie Buttenvorth jumped off his horse, 
got my father's saddlebags and his own pistols, which 
he had loaned my father in the charge. He had 
emptied the pistols and broken his saber. His horse 
ran on into the Federal lines." 




COL. W. A . DAWSON 



Col. W. II. Knauss, of Columbus, Ohio, writes that 
Saturday. June 8, has been fixed as the day for the 
annual memorial exercises at Camp Chase Confeder- 
ate Cemetery, and he asks that the floral donations 
be sent in time to reach them the day before. Consult 
your express company, and forward in good time. He 
says that in the last two years over half the flowers 
did not arrive until one. two, and three days after the 
service ; but he, usually accompanied by his wife, 
would take them each day to the cemetery and place 
them on the graves. It would be much better to send 
flowers a little earlier. 



Merritt Clarkson, an inmate of the Confederate 
Home, Austin, Tex., wOuld like to locate his wife, 
Rebecca Ann Clarkson, who resided with her son in 
Travis County. 



150 



Qopfederate l/eterar>. 



Confederate l/eterai). 

S. A. CUKNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 

Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

SERIOUS STATUS OF THE LIBEL SUIT. 

To announce the result of the libel suit will surprise 
and pain the multitude who read the Veteran. A 
joint judgment was awarded the plaintiff against the 
Methodist Publishing House and S. A. Cunningham 
of $15,000, and an additional sum of $10,000 against 
the latter. 

A motion for a new trial is pending. Judge Walter 
Evans, of Louisville, tried the case by interchange with 
Judge Clark, and held that most of the evidence of-" 
fered by the defendant was incompetent, although this 
same evidence was admitted upon the former trial by 
Judge Clark. Lawyers and judges will differ, and our 
attorneys are confident that the verdict of the jury will 
be set aside. However this may be, the Veteran is 
still on the watch tower, and will always stand well to 
the front in the battle for the success of Confederate 
causes. The continued and renewed assurance of con- 
fidence and support from our friends all over the South 
is a source of comfort, and is profoundly appreciated. 



It would not be fair to print the article upon the 
famous Hampton Roads Conference without reference 
and without giving personal credit to Capt. W. P. Tol- 
ley, of Tennessee, who presented this subject to the 
Convention at the Charleston reunion in an able argu- 
ment, and who pursued it to the subsequent action at 
Louisville, to which Mr. Reagan refers as the report 
of the Historical Committee. 

THE SOUTHERN CROSS DRILL. 

Comrade M. T. Garvin, Memphis, Tenn., writes : 

The Southern Cross Drill originated on Johnson's 
Island, United States military prison, Lake Erie, Ohio, 
in 1864, and was composed by James Dugan, a dash- 
ing lieutenant of the Confederate army from South 
Carolina. 

The object of the drill was to beguile away the 
weary hours of the captives' life whilst in prison. 

Capt. S. A. Munson, now a member of both Com- 
pany A, U. C. V., of Memphis, and the drill team, 
was the fiddler for the boys on Johnson's Island at the 
rehearsals. 

Gen. George W. Gordon, Capt. W. L. McLean, and 
Lieut. Conrad Nutzell were members of the team at 
Johnson's Island, and are now members of Company 
A's drill team (Gen. Gordon being an honorary mem- 
ber of Company A). 

The drill is a grand military walk around, performed 
by thirty-two Confederate veterans, members of Com- 



pany A, dressed in the regulation uniform from the 
C. S. A. War Department, adopted by C. S. A. Con- 
gress in January, 1865, and thirty-two young ladies, 
all Daughters of the Confederacy, dressed in white 
dresses and Confederate colors. The drill was revived 
in Memphis, in 1895, by the present drill officer, Capt. 
W. L. McLean, and introduced in drama of "John- 
son's Island," composed by Col. C. W. Frazer, of 
Memphis, a former prisoner on Johnson's Island, and 
played by Company A in Memphis, and also at Rich- 
mond, Va., during the reunion there. 

The drill will be given at the Confederate Reunion 
Hall on Wednesday night. May 29, 1901, by the entire 
team of thirty-two couples (64). 

Gen. George W. Gordon has assigned the thirty- 
two young ladies of the Southern Cross Drill Team, 
decorated in the uniform of the team, to the Post of 
Honor in parade on May 30, in rear of Forrest's Cav- 
alry. 

The thirty-two young ladies of the team will also 
enter into the flower parade contest on Tuesday, Mav 
28, 1901. 

The drill is a very popular social amusement with 
the young ladies and the old veterans, and will make 
quite an agreable attraction for our guests at the re- 
union. 




VETERAN OFFICE AT MEMPHIS. ' 

The above building, corner of Front and Court 
Streets, Memphis, will be the headquarters of the 
Veteran during the reunion. It is just across the street 
from the Confederate Hall, and is in every way ac- 
cessible. The entrance to the Veteran department is 
on the side, by where the horse and buggy appear in 
in the picture. The firm of Barksdale, Denton & Com- 
pany are most generous in this fortunate arrangement 
to the multitude who will want to find "the Veteran." 



Dr. J. W. Williamson, Deming, N. Mex., who was 
a member of the Fifth Tennessee Cavalry, Ashby's 
Brigade, Hume's Division, under Wheeler, asks if 
Col. McKenzie and Lieut. Col. Montgomery, of the 
Fifth Tennessee, are living, and if they will be at the 
reunion in Memphis? He also inquires for Lieut. W. 
P. Wood, of Company E, Fifth Tennessee, and would 
like to hear from any others of this regiment. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



161 



ROUND TRIP RATES TO MEMPHIS REUNION. 
Mr. Fred Orgill, Chairman of the Transportation 
Committee, Memphis, furnishes the following: 

From territory (of the Southeastern Passenger As- 
sociation) comprising the States of Virginia (including 
Washington, D. C), North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, 
Mississippi, and that portion of Louisiana east of the 
Mississippi river, one cent per mile in each direction 
per capita. Tickets to be sold from points beyond a 
200-mile limit on May 25, 26, 27, and from points 
within a 200-mile limit on May 27, 28, 29, and 30. All 
of these limited for return to June 4 ; and upon deposit 
of the return portion of tickets from beyond the 200- 
mile limit, by the original purchasers thereof, at Joint 
Validating Agency, Memphis, and payment of 50 
cents bureau fee, they will be extended to June 19. 
Tickets sold from points in the State of South Caro- 
lina will have the privilege of stop off one day at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., either going or returning, to at- 
tend the dedication of the South Carolina monument 
on the Chickamauga battlefield ; and a similar priv- 
ilege at Vicksburg, Miss., will accrue on tickets sold 
from points in Texas and Louisiana. 

The St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern, the 
Cotton Belt, and the Choctaw, Oklahoma & Gulf, 
and Kansas City. Fort Scott & Memphis, will sell at 
one cent per mile in each direction, plus Memphis 
bridge arbitrary. Upon deposit of return portion of 
tickets sold from points 200 miles distant and over 
(and payment of 50 cents fee) with Validating Agency 
at Memphis, they will be extended until June 19. 
These conditions prevail practically to all lines. 

Round trip rates for Texas arc made on the basis 
of one fare to Texarkana and other basing points 
added to the one cent per mile traveled, plus bridge 
arbitrary, applying from such points. 

The Lee Line and the Memphis & Vicksburg 
Packet Company will make round trip rates of a fare 
and a third, which will include meals and berth in each 
direction. 

The Merchants & Miners Transportation Company 
will make round trip rates to Memphis, via their line 
of steamships and Norfolk and rail, of $33.20. 

The same Merchants ec Miners Transportation 
Company are also making round trip via Savannah 
and rail of $28.70. From Baltimore this line of steam- 
ships will also have a round trip rate via Newport 
News and rail of $22.20. 

The following round trip rates are official: 

Abbeville S. C. 

Aberdeen Miss. 

Albany Ga. 

Alexandria Va. 

Allendale S. C. 

Americus Ga. 

Andalusia Ala. 

Anderson S. C. 



Anniston Ala. 

Archer Fla. 

Asheville N. C. 

Athens Ga. 

Atlanta Ga. 

Attalla Ala. 

Augusta Ga. 



II 


»5 


2 


^ : > 


10 


20 


:8 


4? 


13 


IS 


9 


■15 


8 


75 


11 


30 


6 


5i 


IS 


60 


11 


00 





PS 


8 


4-1 


6 


15 


9 


80 



Bainbridge Ga. $10 40 

Barnwell S. C. 12 75 

Basic Va. 

Birmingham Ala. 

Blacksburg S. C. 

Bremen Ga. 

Bristol Tenn. 

Brunswick Ga. 

Burgin Ky. 

Burkeville Va. 



16 00 
5 00 

12 So 
7 30 

II 05 

13 co 
850 

16 55 



Cairo Ills. 3 90 

Calera Ala. 5 ;o 

Calhoun Falls... .S. C. 10 85 

Callahan Fla. 1 3 50 



Camden S. C$1395 

Carlisle S. C. 1260 

Cartersville Ga. 8 00 

Catawba Junct'n. S. C. 13 35 

Central City Ky. 3 35 

Charleston S. C. 14 5S 

Charlotte N. C. 13 "}$ 

Charlottesville ....Va. 16 30 

Chattanooga. . . . Tenn. 6 20 

Cheraw S. C. 15 05 

Oiester S. C. 12 <jo 

Childersburg Ala. 5 00 

Cincinnati Ohio. 10 25 

Citra Fla. 15 f>0 

Clinton S. C. 12 00 

Columbia S. C. 13 30 

Columbia Tenn. g 35 

Columbus Ga. 8 13 

Columbus Ky. 2 70 

Columbus Miss. 3 40 

Cordele Ga. 10 ?S 

Corinth Miss. 1 85 

Cumberland Gap. Tenn. 70 

Dade City Fla. 17 20 

Dalton Ga. 6 95 

Danville Va. 15 80 

Dawson Ga. 9 45 

Decatur Ala. 3 75 

Denmark S. C. 13 05 

Dntlmn Ala. 9 30 

Durham N. C. 15 90 

Elberton Ga. 10 J'J 

Elizabethtown. . . . Ky. 6 70 

Eufaula Ala. 8 50 

Evansville Ind. 6 95 

Fairfax S. C. 13 35 

Fayetteville N. C. 1600 

Fitzgerald Ga. II 40 

Florence Ala. 3 00 

Fort Payne Ala. 6 85 

Fort Valley Ga. 9 60 

Frankfort Ky. 8 65 

Fulton Ky. 2 40 

Gadsden Ala. 6 13 

Gainesville Fla. 13 30 

Gainesville Ga. 9 45 

Gastonia N. C. 13 30 

Georgetown Ky. 10 

Goldsboro N. C. 17 40 

Grand Junction. .Tenn. 10$ 

Greensboro N. C. 14 80 

Greenville Miss. ? 00 

Greenville S. C. II 60 

Greenwood Miss. 3 50 

Greenwood S. C. II 43 

Griffin Ga. o 25 

Ilarriman June. Tenn. 7 Ho 

Hawthorne Fla. ts 30 

Helena Ga. n 40 

Henderson Ky. 6 CO 

Henderson N. C. 16 83 

Hickory N. C. 12 70 

Holly Springs . . Miss. <X> 



Hopkinsville Ky. 

Humboldt Tenn. 

Hunts ville Ala. 

Hurtsboro Ala. 

Jackson Miss. 

Jackson Tenn. 

Jacksonville Fla. 

Jellico Term. 

Jenifer Ala. 

Jesup Ga. 

Jasper Fla. 

Junction City Ky. 

Knoxville Tenn. 

Lagrange Ga. 

Lake City Fla. 

Lancaster S. C. 

Laurens S. C. 

La wrence ville. . ..Ga. 

Leesburg Fla. 

Lexington Ky. 

Lincolnton N. C. 

Live Oak Fla. 

Louisville Ky. 

Lynchburg Va. 

Macon Ga. 

Madison Ga. 

Maplesville Ala. 

Marietta Ga. 

Martin Tenn. 

Maxton N. C. 

Maysville Ky. 

McKenzie Tenn. 

Meridian Miss. 

Middlesboro Ky. 

Midway Ky. 

Milan Tenn. 

Millcdgeville Ga. 

Mobile Ala. 

Montgomery. . . . Ala. 
Morristovvn . . . Tenn. 

Nashville Tenn. 

\ T t wbern N. C. 

Newberry S. C. 

Newnan Ga. 

New Orleans La. 

Newport News Va. 

Newton N. C. 

Nicholasville Ky. 

Norfolk Va. 

Norton Va. 

Nortonville Ky. 

Ocala Fla. 

Opelika Ala. 

Orangeburg S. C. 

Orlando Fla. 

Owensboro Ky. 

Ozark Ala. 

Paducah Ky. 

Paducah June. Tenn. 

Palatka Fla. 

Paris Ky. 

Paris Tenn. 



$ 4 70 


1 05 


4 25 


8 05 


4 20 


1 70 


13 90 


9 75 


6 30 


12 85 


13 00 


8 2? 


8 40 


8 35 


13 00 


13 60 


12 00 


9 10 


16 70 


9 20 


13 .30 


13 90 


7 55 


15 if 


10 15 


10 45 


s 90 


8 40 


2 40 


15 30 


10 Co 


2 25 


5 00 


9 75 


<j 10 


1 85 


10 50 


7 70 


6 00 


9 25 


4 60 


18 00 


12 40 


9 00 


7 90 


19 20 


12 85 


8 bo 


19 20 


12 is 


4 85 


15 95 


7 60 


13 45 


16 85 


6 10 


8 73 


3 30 


2 20 


15 OO 


9 60 


2 60 



152 



Confederate l/eterai? 



Pell City Ala. $ 5 70 

Pensacola Fla. 10 15 

Petersburg Va. 17 "5 

Plant City Fla. 17 7° 

Portsmouth Va. n zo 

Princeton Ky. 4 25 

Prosperity S. C. 12 6o 

Raleigh N. C. 16 45 

Richland Ga. ■} 20 

Richmond Ky. 1) .>o 

Richmond Va. 17 05 

River Junction. .. .Fla. 11 40 

Rives Tenn. 2 10 

Roanoke Va. 14 05 

Rock Hill S. C. !.? 35 

Rockmart Ga. 7 60 

Rome Ga. 7 4° 

Rntherfordton.. .N. C. 12 05 

Sanford N. C. 16 00 

Savannah Ga. 13 70 

Selma Ala. 6 no 

Selma N. C. 17 00 

Sheffield Ala. 2 95 

Shelby N. C. 12 95 

Somerville Tenn. S5 

South Boston Va. 16 40 

Spartanburg S. C. 12 20 

Starkville Miss. 3 10 

Staunton Va. 16 00 

Stevenson Ala. 5 45 

Suffolk Va. 18 75 

Sumter S. C. 14 15 

Sylacauga Ala. 6 10 

Talledega Ala. 6 20 

Tampa Fla. 18 15 

Tavares Fla. 16 00 

Thomaston ;Ga. 925 

Thomasville Ga. n 15 

Tifton Ga. 11 00 

Troy Ala. 7 95 

Tupelo Miss. 2 10 

Tuscaloosa Ala. 480 

Tuscumbia Ala. 2 90 

Union City Tenn. 225 

Union Springs ...Ala. 7 70 

Valdosta Ga. 11 00 

Vicksburg Miss. 4 40 

Wadesboro N. C. 1440 

Washington D. C. 1890 

Waycross Ga. 12 40 

Weldon N. C. 18 40 

West Point Miss. 3 05 

Wilmington.... N. C. 1705 

Winchester Ky. 9 60 

Winona Miss. 2 45 

Winston-Salem. .N. C. 15 40 

Yemassee S. C. 13 70 

Yorkville S. C. 13 35 

FROM TEXAS POINTS. 

Abilene '$17 65 

Alvarado 13 20 

Austin 15 15 



Bells $10 65 

Belton 14 60 

Big Springs 20 80 

Bonliam 10 25 

Bremond 14 35 

Brenham 14 35 

Brownwood 17 10 

Bryan 14 35 

Buda 15 60 

Buffalo 12 80 

Calvert 14 35 

Cameron 14 35 

Celeste 10 70 

Cisco 16 25 

Clarksville 8 25 

Cleburne 13 55 

Colorado 19 70 

Commerce 9 95 

Cotulla 20 15 

Crockett 12 85. 

Corsicana 12 50 

Dallas 11 95 

Den.ison 10 65 

Denton 12 50 

Devine 18 50 

El Paso 31 20 

F.l Pecos 24 80 

Encinal 21 00 

Franklin 14 05 

Fort Worth 12 80 

Gainesville 12 05 

Gainesv'e, via Ft. W'th 12 05 

Galveston 15 80 

Georgetown 15 15 

Greenville 10 35 

Hearne 14 35 

Hempstead 14 35 

Henderson 10 45 

Hillsboro 13 75 

Honey Grove 9 75 

Houston 14 35 

Huntsville 14 55 

Jacksonville 1075 

Jevvctt 13 05 

Kyle 15 80 

Lampasas 1000 

Laredo 22 15 

Longview 9 30 

Lufkin 10 75 

Lytle 18 15 

Mansfield 8 35 

Marlin 14 35 

Marquez 13 40 

Marshall 7 40 

McGregor 14 35 

McKinney II 30 

McNeill 15 00 

Mexia 13 40 

Midlothian 12 85 

Milano 14 .35 

Minneola 10 .50 

Moore 18 80 

Morgan 14 35 

Mt. Pleasant 8 25 

Navasota 14 35 

New Braunfels 1660 



Oakwoods $12 30 

Overton 9 95 

Palestine 11 75 

Paris 9 15 

Pearsall 19 15 

Pilot Point 11 95 

Rockdale 14 35 

Round Rock 14 85 

San Antonio 1760 

San Marcos 1605 

Sherman 10 95 

Shreveport 7 4° 

Taylor 14 35 

Temple 14 35 

Terrell n 30 

Trinity 13 70 

Troupe 10 25 

Tyler 10 23 

Waco 14 15 

Weatherford 13 75 

Whitesboro II 40 

Wills Point II 20- 

Wolfe City 10 25 

IN ARKANSAS, ETC. 

Alexandria La. $ 8 60 

Arkadelphia. . . . Ark. 4 75 

Arkansas City Ark. 395 

Atkins Ark. 4 50 

Bald Knob Ark. 2 30 

Batesville Ark. 3 10 

Camden Ark. 5 00 

Claremore. . . .Ind. T. 8 45 

Conway Ark. 3 80 

Dermot Ark. 4 95 

Eldorado Ark. 5 70 

Fair Oaks Ark. 1 70 

Fort Smith \rk. 6 40 

Gurdon Ark. 5 00 

Helena Ark. 1 60 

Higginson Ark. 2 55 

Hope Ark. 5 70 

Hot Springs.. ..Ark. 5 iO 

Little Rock Ark. 3 20 

Malvern Ark. 4 10 

Monroe La. 665 

Monticello Ark. 5 45 

Morrillton Ark. 4 2a 

Newport Ark. 250 

Ozark Ark. 5 70 

Pine Bluff Ark. 3 60 

Plumerville. . . . Ark. 4 10 

Prescott. .• Ark. 5 40 

Russellville .... Ark. 4 70 

Sallisaw Ind. T. 7 00 

Texarkana Ark. 40 

Wagoner Ind. T. 7 f>5 

Wynne Ark. 1 40 

Van Buren Ark. 6 _|0 

COTTON BELT POINTS. 

Altheimer 3 35 

Brinkley 2 20 

Clarendon 2 3 o 

Delta 4 20 

Dexter 3 w 



England $ 3 75 

Fordyce 4 40 

Garland City 6 20 

Haldan 3 10 

Jonesboro I do 

Keo 3 *5 

Kingsland 4 25 

Lewisville 6 05 

McNeill S fo 

New Madrid 3 65 

Paragould 2 20 

Pine Bluff 3 60 

Rector 2 55 

Rison 4 05 

Roe 2 65 

Shreveport 7 49 

Stamps 5 95 

St. Francis 2 ^5 

Stuttgart 2 90 

Texarkana 640 

Thebes 4 95 

Tucker 3 00 

Ulm 2 80 

Wyatt 4 '5 

CO. and (i. POINTS. 
Approximate Figures. 

Boonville 5 50 

Brinkley I 85 

Danville 4 85 

El Reno 10 70 

Forrest City I 35 

Hartford 6 05 

Houston 4 00 

Howe r > 35 

Little Rock 3 20 

Lonoke 2 70 

Madison I 25 

Magazine 5 35 

Mansfield 5 90 

Oklahoma 10 20 

Shawnee 9 4° 

South McAlester 780 

Weatherford 1 1 70 

Wewoka 8 !S5 

Wilburton 7 '5 

Wister 6 50 

K.C., F. S, and M. POINTS. 

Arcadia Kans. 7 90 

Clinton Mo. 8 10 

Fort Scott Kans. 8 20 

Hoxie Ark. 2 20 

Jonesboro Ark. I 80 

Kansas City Mo. 10 ;o 

Lamar Mo. 7 40 

Mansfield Mo. 5 20 

Nettleton Ark. I 70 

Nichols Junction. .Mo. 6 25 

Olathe Kans. 9 80 

Paola Kans. 9 35 

Pleasanton Kans. 8 50 

Springfield Mo. 615 

Thayer Mo. 3 so 

West Plains Mo. 390 

Willow Springs. . .Mo. 4 35 



Qopfederate l/eterai) 



153 



STORY OF OUR GREAT WAR. 

BY THE LATE MERCER OTEY, OF SAN FRANCISCO. 

[Continued from the March number, 1901.] 

To return to our campaign, we finally reached our 
point of rendezvous on the Tennessee river, and were 
just about to cross the entire command, when a courier 
overtook us, bearing dispatches from Gen. Stephen 
D. Lee, commanding the department, ordering our 
immediate return to intercept a volume of 14,000 
mounted infantry and cavalry that had left Memphis 
under command of Gen. Grierson and Sturgis, and 
were heading for the rich fields of Mississippi, r rom 
which we had to draw our forage supplies. So here 
was the knight that had been thrust forward in the 
game that upset all our plans. 

Immediately orders were issued to the three bri- 
gades to retrace their steps, and we started to find the 
enemy. Couriers were constantly arriving from Gen. 
(Stephen) Lee, uring all possible haste, as the column 
was devastating the country and committing outrages 
of the most fiendish kind. Women and children alone 
were encountered, all the men being in the ranks, and 
these noncombatants were made to feel the heavy 
hand of the spoilers. The larger part of the Federal 
troops were negroes that had been enlisted in Mem- 
phis, and now sent out on this raid as mounted in- 
fantry. They came breathing death and destruction, 
proclaiming "no quarter" to Forrest and his whole 
command. Their battle crv was : "Remember Fort 
Pillow-!" 

A forced march brought us in front of the column 
at Tishomingo Creek on the morning of January 10. 
and we immediately attacked, though our men and 
horses were badly jaded by the constant ten days in 
the saddle, through heavy rains and miry roads. The 
fight took place at Guntown, a small country post 
office, sometimes called Bryce's Cross Roads. It was 
a hot and stubborn one ; but out men were maddened 
to fury by the news of the atrocities perpetrated by the 
negroes all along the line of their march from Mem- 
phis, and as the enemy had declared themselves for 
extermination, but little attention was given to captur- 
ing prisoners. For several hours the fight was kept 
up, until a desperate charge broke the line and a wild 
retreat was begun. I passed several friends who had 
been wounded, Maj. C. C. Clay, of the First Tennes- 
see (Jackson's) Cavalry, severely wounded in the 
shoulder, passed me on his way to the field hospital ; 
next I ran across William L. Duff, colonel of the 
Eightieth Mississippi Cavalry, nursing a shattered 
wrist ; while farther along- lav Capt. Isaac T. Bell, aid- 
de-camp on his father's staff, Gen. T. H. Bell, badly 
shot through the lung. All of these, however, recov- 
ered, and to-day can look back with pride and pleasure 
to duty well done on that field. The artillery and 
wagons and ambulances lay piled in confusion along 
the road, over which the fleeing forces were strug- 
gling panic-struck. I never saw since Bull Run such 
wild confusion ; they were terror-stricken, as they 
knew the avengers were on their track. All day long- 
through the rain could be heard the crack of carbine 
on each side of the road, as some poor unfortunate 
went to the happy hunting grounds. We chased the 
dying Federals for three days to the very intrench- 
ments of Memphis, many reaching there minus coat 
4* 



and shoes, which, with guns, they had cast off, so as 
not to impede their flight. 

At the close of the first day and about nine o'clock, 
as Gen. Forrest was well to the front, we thought sure 
the enemy had made a stand and were going to give 
battle. A long line of fires were burning brightly 
across the road at a favorable position on the crest of 
a hill. We halted a few minutes until more of our 
troops could join us, when the General, with staff and 
Jackson's Company, his escort, made a dash for the 
supposed enemy, only to find the place deserted, the 
enemy having built the burning piles of fence rails as 
a blind, hoping to delay our troopers long enough to 
gain time in their retreat. 

Having utterly destroyed this column, we again 
sought our old stamping ground at Tupelo to give the 
men and horses needed repose and rest. 

Before reaching Tupelo we were met by a courier 
bearing a dispatch announcing the defeat of my old 
chief, Lieut. Gen. Leonidas Polk, at Pine Mountain, 
in Georgia, on the 13th of June. Such a loss was keen- 
ly felt by all of our command, the most of whom had 
been at former times under him. Since the untimely 
fall of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh, Gen. 
T. J. Jackson at Chancellorsville, we could have suf- 
fered no greater loss than that of Gen. Polk, the noble 
Christian and accomplished soldier. 

The particulars of his death were afterwards detailed 
me by one of his staff, Maj. Douglas West, of New 
( 'rleans. I have before referred to his intrepidity and 
indifference to danger. On this occasion he and Gen. 
Hardee had accompanied Gen. Joseph E. Johnston to 
one of our outposts on Pine Mountain to reconnoiter 
the enemy and more thoroughly make himself con- 
versant with the ground in his immediate front. The 
three officers were noticed by the enemy as they stood 
in full view and in a very exposed position. A Federal 
battery at once trained a gun on the group, and as the 
first shot whistled uncomfortably close, Gen. Johnston 
remarked, "Gentlemen, we have drawn the enemy's 
fire, and we had better get under the cover of the hill." 
He and Gen. Hardee did so, while Gen. Polk lingered 
a moment longer with his field glass to his eyes, when 
the second shot struck him on the left arm and tore 
through his body. 

My special assignment to Gen. Forrest being intend- 
ed as only temporary, I secured a pemit to virsit Vir- 
ginia, where one was anxiously waiting me, in the 
lovely town of Lexington, upon whom my affections 
had been pledged for over three years. My sister had 
recently arrived in Hernando, Miss., from Memphis, 
bringing with her many things necessary for one 
about to commit matrimony. 1 liief among them all 
was a piece of fine gray cloth, which was to be my 
wedding suit, and of course not obtainable in the 
South. A Federal staff officer of Gen. Sherman kindly 
escorted my sister through the lines and conveyed the 
cloth, which was contraband, to her destination by 
having it folded neatly inside of his saddle blanket. 
A hurried trip to Richmond, Ya.. and the services of 
a tailor soon converted my gray cloth and gold braid 
into a gorgeous uniform, for which I handed the 
knight of the shears twenty crisp and new ten-dollar 
Confederate treasury notes. A thousand dollars of 
our currency didn't go very far in the summer of 1864, 
and I couldn't afford to buy many things for a wed- 



154 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



ding outfit. In fact there wasn't much to buy, if I had 
had the funds. 

When I now reflect on the responsibilities I as- 
sumed on that 27th of July, 1864, 1 can only wonder 
at my bravery ; but I had youth and all the anticipa- 
tions that hope can hold out, and the love and devo- 
tion of one that was dearer than everything in the 
world. Who would have stopped to weigh the future 
in the scales ? So the wedding bells pealed merrily for 
me and mine; and if we didn't have a brilliant tabic 
d'hote, I note we had a bountiful one, such as could only 
be served with the existing conditions surrounding us. 
We were forced to forego many luxuries, for the Fed- 
erals had long since closed our ports by a strict block- 
ade. For champagne we gladly substituted home- 
made currant wine. Cake was to be had for the bak- 
ing, and fortunately the icing could be had, as our 
stock of sugar was independent of the blockade, as 
also the hens didn't fail us at egg-laying time. But 
the times were getting harder and harder, and we had 
recourse to all kinds of expedients to secure substi- 
tutes for many necessaries. 

Letters coming from the boys at the front were gen- 
erally circulated among the neighbors and friends, who 
were always interested in the general news they con- 
tained. Before circulating these letters the envelopes 
were carefully preserved and made to do double duty 
by turning them inside out and readdressing them, 
when another letter was written in reply. Those of 
us who had only one suit (and the exception was the 
rule) would have to call to our aid the service of some 
kind sister or mother or sweetheart to rip up the suit 
and, after beating out the dust thoroughly, reverse the 
whole garment, which generally passed muster to the 
satisfaction of every one. 

Coffee was a variety and only obtained by the 
"grape vine route" — i. e., surreptitiously — being like 
a "nigger," a contraband of war. The boys at the 
front were more fortunate in securing coffee than any 
others, for they had a tacit agreement among the op- 
posing pickets at a given signal to cease firing, and, 
fraternizing, exchange coffee for tobacco, they being 
"shy" of the latter, of which we of course had the 
bulk. After the negoce was completed the truce was 
declared off, and at the command, "Go back to your 
rifle pits, Johnny," each would repair to their respec- 
tive posts and open fire again ; and woe to the un- 
lucky head or limb that was exposed.- 

Outside of the army our coffee supply was extreme- 
ly rare, and a good substitute was found in parched 
rye or wheat, and many became such experts in blend- 
ing of this and other substitutes that an expert would 
pronounce the decoction good Java or mocha. After 
the Federals had pretty well overrun Louisiana, all 
the sugar plantations that were not destroyed and the 
refineries burned closed- down, and no molasses or 
sugar was obtainable. But our fertile brains adopted 
a substitute, and the sorghum cane was made to do 
duty for the sugar cane. The saccharine matter was 
of course not comparable to the sugar cane, but it an- 
swered all practical purposes ; and the sorghum mills 
were cheap, inexpensive affairs that could be built in 
a day or two with sufficient capacity to supply a town- 
ship. Quite frequently we had to sweeten our coffee 
(?) with sorghum. 

Brandy for medicinal purposes was hard to obtain. 



as but few persons understood how to manufacture 
brandy, or at least if they knew, they had not made 
any attempt, save in a limited way. The few grapes 
raised in the South had been for table use only, and 
the larger part of the spirits manufactured was in Ten- 
nessee, noted for its Robertson County whisky, as Vir- 
ginia was noted for its peach brandy and Monongabela 
rye whisky. The "moonshiner" had not blossomed 
out then, and only became prominent and promiscu- 
ous after the war. About the worst substitute I ever 
struck for brandy in Alabama was at a farmhouse 
just across the Missisippi State line. It was manufac- 
tured from sweet potatoes, and of all liquefied light- 
ning that I ever tasted that was the worst. 

We had one or two cotton mills in the South at 
and around Columbus, Ga., and these were taxed to 
their full capacity. We had the raw staple ad libitum, 
but what avail was it for cotton to be king if we could 
not get it to market. While it supplied many of our 
wants, it could not answer them all. 

It was very odd to see some of our newspapers and 
the subterfuges that they had to adopt to go to press 
when by chance their stock ran low, and not unfre- 
quently they would appear printed on wall paper, of 
which the proprietor may fortunately have possessed 
a supply. I often saw the Chattanooga Rebel, pub- 
lished by "John Happy" (Albert Roberts), make its 
appearance sometimes in different colors of the rain- 
bow. We cared little for the texture so long as we 
got the tincture of real frolic and humor from its ver- 
satile editor. 

When old Sol went to bed it was a trying hour with 
many of our housewives, for the days of coal oil had 
not arrived. Tallow was hard to get and more in de- 
mand for army uses. Stearine or paraffin were not 
to be thought of, but the hog was still with us, and he 
must be economized in every way. Neither had the 
busy little bee left us — they must contribute their 
quota, besides the honey, in the wax. 

Now for our candles. Candle molds had long since 
disappeared, but the bottle still remained with us — I 
mean the empty bottle. Cotton wick was in abun- 
dance, which, in the form of a heavy twine twisted in 
three or more layers of thread, was steeped in the lard 
oil till thoroughly saturated, and then soaked in the 
bees wax until a good coating was obtained. This 
was allowed to harden, when it was wound spirally 
around the bottle till the whole surface was covered, 
and when the light for evening's use was required, you 
had as nice a substitute as you could desire. 

At other times, if you did not care to be so fastid- 
ious in constructing your candelabra, and was rushed 
for time, take your lard oil or any other grease ob- 
tainable, and place it in a saucer, into which sit your 
sycamore ball and allow it to soak for a few minutes 
until its pores have absorbed the grease, when you 
stick a light to the stem of the ball, which is generally 
a half inch or more in length, and will furnish a good 
light for an hour's reading. 

It is difficult to understand to what extremities we 
were forced. I suppose the ladies (God bless them 1 !) 
suffered as much as if not more than the men in the 
deprivation of those many little necessaries of their 
toilets. But a smiling cheerful face always greeted 
us, and no hardship was considered too great to un- 
dergo for the cause they held most dear. 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



155 



City and village church bells were graciously but 
regretfully devoted to be molded into brass cannon, 
and one could readily call to mind those touching lines 
of Tom Moore : 

Those evening bells! those evening bells! 
How many a tale their music tells 
Of youth, and home, and that sweet time 
When last I heard their soothing chimes. 

Those joyous hours are passed away : 
And many a heart that then was gay 
Within the tomb now darkly dwells, 
And hears no more those evening bells. 

There was a sanctity and a sadness in a people's giv- 
ing up those bells that is very touching. Can you 
remember, dear reader, the chime of your church bell, 
and the hallowed thoughts clustering around it. Per- 
haps it had hung in its weather-beaten belfry for a 
generation or more, giving in clear tones every Sab- 
bath day an invocation to turn your footsteps to the 
sacred altar; it had tolled the sad requiem of death 
of our dearest loved treasures; and now it is given 
up to be molded into cannon to breathe death and 
agony to our fellow-man. What an awful thing is 
war! 

My honeymoon in the valley of Virginia was rudely 
shattered, and my well-earned rest was of short dura- 
tion. 

Sheridan, that scourge of the country, was moving 
a strong column of cavalry in pursuit of Early, and a 
heavy detachment under Gen. Averill Was rapidly ap- 
proaching Lexington. To remain meant certain cap- 
ture and confinement at Johnson's Island or Camp 
Douglass or some other Northern prison. 

[Conllnm 'I 

CONFEDERATE SURGEONS. 

C. H. Tebault, M.D., Surgeon General, U. C. V., 
addressing the survivors of the medical corps of the 
army and navy of the Confederate States, says: 

Our ranks are rapidly thinning under the corrosive 
tooth of time, and whatever remains to approximate, 
as far as we may, our historic part in the brilliant, in- 
cisive, self-sacrificing, principle-honoring, and glori- 
ous chapter, which shall mark the rise and fall of 
the Southern Confederacy, with all her illustrious 
Christian men and women, her heroic, all-enduring 
sons and daughters, must be done without much fur- 
ther delay. 

Exceeding four years of almost uninterrupted cam- 
paigns, conducted through all seasons and in all 
weather, covering an unprecedentlv vast territory 
scarred by more than 2,000 battlefields — 600,000 Con- 
federate soldiers against 2,865,028 Federal soldiers — 
engaged in the only decisive method for the settle- 
ment of a great national question, must compass ma- 
terials of signal and crucial historic importance for a 
reunited people, organized under a republican form 
of government. 

Our part had to deal with the stern actualities of a 
vast array of diseases, ghastly wounds, and with prob- 
lems of sanitation, on an immense scale, in the exe- 
cution of our most responsible duties. Medicines, in- 
struments, medical works, provisions, and delicacies 
for the sick and wounded were made contraband of 
war, both as regarded our own sick and wounded as 
well as the sick and wounded prisoners their govern- 



ment, by refusing to exchange, compelled us to retain 
and care for in prison life, in spite of our well-known 
limited resources of every kind for such a colossal 
undertaking. 

Thus, with a prison list, from first to last, reaching 
the immense total of 270,000, against 220,000 of our 
own soldiers held in Federal prisons — with a balance, 
as the records show, in our favor of 50,000 prisoners, 
the Confederate surgeons, with proudest Christian 
consolation, point to their monument of monuments, 
in that terrible, bloody and contracted contention be- 
tween brothers of the same land and blood and hopes, 
to the 4,000 more liws saved in prison life than were 
saved by our quondam enemies of the other side with 
an excess of prisoners in our keeping, and with all the 
stated disadvantages against us, while all the advan- 
tages in resources, with a fewer number of prisoners, 
were in their favor. 

Under my circular letter for the Atlanta reunion, 
the "Association of Medical Officers of the Army ami 
Navy of the Confederacy" was organized under con- 
stitution and by-laws, and officers elected. The next 
meeting was held at the Charleston reunion, and other 
officers elected. The third meeting was held at the 
Louisville reunion, and the following officers elected : 
President, Preston B. Scott, of Louisville; Vice Presi- 
dent. J. M. Keller, of Little Rock; Secretary, Deering 
J. Roberts, of Nashville; Treasurer, V. G. Hitt, of 
Atlanta ; Chaplain, G. B. Overton, of Louisville. 
President Preston B. Scott, I much regret to say, 
died shortly after the adjournment of that brilliant re- 
union, in which he acted a most conspicuous part, and 
is greatly lamented by us all. The Vice President, 
J. M. Keller, a distinguished surgeon and medical di- 
rector in our cause, has most worthily succeeded to 
the presidency of our Association by reason of the 
death of the lamented surgeon and medical director, 
Preston B. Scott. 

At last mentioned reunion the SoiUlurn Practitioner, 
edited and owned by Comrade and Secretary of our 
Association, Surgeon Deering J. Roberts, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., was elected our official organ. .This ex- 
cellent medical monthly devotes every month a cer- 
tain number of pages for "Records, Recollections, 
and Reminiscences" in possession of Confederate sur- 
geons and assistant surgeons, etc. Every member of 
our medical staff, and every medical man who was the 
son of a Confederate surgeon, should subscribe to this 
patriotic journal. Surgeon S. H. Stout, now in his 
eightieth year — the distinguished medical director of 
the hospitals of the Confederate armies and depart- 
ment of Tennessee — is now contributing, through the 
columns of our official organ, most valuable data 
from the preserved entire records in his possession, 
which, if his valuable life be yet longer spared to per- 
fect his now undertaken work, will prove both inter- 
esting and instructive, even at this distant day. 

But for our present Association we would be only 
poorly informed with respect to each other. Just prior 
to the last reunion our distinguished comrade, Sur- 
geon Hunter McGuire, of Richmond, Va., medical di- 
rector on the staff of the immortal Stonewall Jackson, 
passed from our midst to his final reward beyond the 
skies: and almost immediately after the same reunion 
our President of the Association contracted typhoid 
fever in the mountains where he had gone to recuper- 
ate, and fell a victim to this remorseless enemy. 



k<; 



Confederate l/eterai). 



RESOLUTIONS CONCERNING U. C. V. REUNIONS. 

At a meeting of the Sidney Johnston Camp, U. C. 
V., held in Batesville, Ark., April 9, the following res- 
olutions were adopted by the unanimous vote of the 
Camp : 

"That it is the sense of this Camp that the annual 
reunions of United Confederate Veterans should be 
devoted exclusively to the objects set forth in the Con- 
stitution of the Association, and to social greetings 
of the veterans, their wives and families. 

"The members of this Camp protest against the dis- 
position manifested in some quarters to intermingle 
semi-political demonstrations in honor of persons oc- 
cupying high positions in the State and Federal gov- 
ernments, but who were in no wise identified with the 
fortunes of the Confederate States of America during 
the stormy period of their existence. 

"That, as plain citizens, soldiers of a generation of 
men now swiftly merging into the past, we deprecate 
the extravagance in show and tinsel so largely in evi- 
dence at some of the reunions, as being not in accord- 
ance with the habits of life, financial ability, and aspi- 
rations of the great body of the men who carried guns 
during the time of war." 

The elected delegates to the Memphis reun on are : 
Messrs. R. P. Phillips, of Bellmore ; R. H. Pen /ell, of 
Batesville; J. B. Nesbit, of Cushman. Alternates: 
Messrs. R. A. Frazier and J. P. Montgomery, of 
Alvis ; R. J. Scott, of Ashley Township. 

In U. C. V. General orders the General Com- 
manding announces the following appointments upon 
his staff, to rank from dates named : 

John J. Hornor, of Helena, Ark., to be Paymaster 
General of the U. C. V.'s, with the rank of Brigadier 
General, to rank from December 20, 1900. 

The following as aids-de-camp with rank of colo- 
nel : J. B. Trulock, of Pine Bluff, Ark., to rank from 
December 20, 1900 ; Biscoe Hindman, now of Louis- 
ville, Ky., to rank from December 20, 1900; A. R. 
Blakely, of New Orleans, to rank from February 17, 
1900; David Zable, now of Knoxville, Tenn., to rank 
from July 21, 1900. 



Capt. James G. Holmes, Charleston, S. C, writes : 
In reply to inquiry, in the February Veteran, of 
Mrs. E. Brown, Historian of Barbour Chapter, U. D. 
C, as to who fired the first gun in the bombardment 
of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, April 12, 1861, 
it may be authoritatively said that this "signal shot" 
was fired by Capt. George S. James (later lieutenant 
colonel commanding Third Battalion South Carolina 
Infantry) from the mortar battery on James Island, a 
few hundred yards east of Fort Johnson. Capt. James 
was in command of said battery, and as this signal 
shot was to begin the war between the Confederate 
States and the United States, he fired it, instead of the 
lanyard man, No. 4, of the gun crew. Capt. James 
was a man of high character, and probably fired this 
first shot that he might be held responsible if need be, 
though, after all, it is the man who gives the order to 
fire, not the man who pulls the lanyard, that is held 
responsible. This shot, I learn from an eyewitness, 
being a signal shot, was aimed to explode over the 
water and seaward, or east, of the fort. The same eye- 
witness informed me that he had seen in the North 



a piece of shell which the owner valued at $^50, be- 
cause he thought it was a piece of the signal shell. 

The second shot, and the first at the fort it is 
claimed, was fired from the Stevens Iron Battery, on 
Morris Island, and the lanyard was pulled by Edmund 
Rumn, of Virginia, a courtesy accorded him by Capt. 
George B. Cuthbert, of the Palmetto Guard, because 
Mr. Ruffin volunteered to fight for the Confederacy 
before Virginia had seceded. 

Cadet George E. Haynesworth, of the first class of 
the South Carolina Military Academy, pulled the lan- 
yard of the first gun fired on the United States flag, Jan- 
uary 9, 1861 (three months before Sumter was bom- 
barded), from the Vinegar Hill Battery, on Morris 
Island, manned by the cadets of the South Carolina 
Military Academy, and commanded by Maj. P. F. 
Stevens, the superintendent, who is now Bishop 
Stevens of the Reformed Episcopal Church, and re- 
sides at Orangeburg, S. C. The writer, in January, 
1861, was a member of the fourth, or youngest, class, 
which was kept at the citadel, as the barracks of the 
South Carolina Military Academy is locally known, 
to do garrison duty, hence didn't take part in firing 
on the Star of the West (January 9) that prevented 
the reenforcement of Fort Sumter. This first shot, 
fired by Haynesworth, was also a signal shot, as it 
was fired across the bow of the United States steamer 
transport. Both Vinegar Hill and Battery James have 
been washed away by storms. 



CONGRATULATORY ORDER TO HIS SOLDIERS. 

Col. V. D. Groner, of the Sixty-First Virginia Regi- 
ment, was severely wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., 
May 12, 1864, Lieut. Col. William F. NJemeyer had 
been killed, and Lieut. Col. William H. Stewart com- 
manded the regiment in the following engagements 
and battles: North Anna River, May 21 to 23; Han- 
over C. H., May 28, 29; Atlee's Station, June 1 ; Cold 
Harbor, June 1, 2, 3; Turkey Ridge, June 4 to 13; 
Frazier's Farm, June 13 ; Wilcox Farm, June 22 ; Gur- 
ley House, June 23 ; Ream's Station, June 27 ; Crater, 
July 30; Burgess's Mill, October 29; Hicksford, De- 
cember 9, 10. On turning over the command to Col. 
Groner, who had recovered from his wound, he issued 
the following order from headquarters of the Sixty- 
First Virginia (near Petersburg) December 14, 1864: 

"General Order No. 14. — As the lieutenant colonel 
commanding is about to relinquish the command, he 
desires to express to officers and men his heartfelt 
thanks for your uniform courtesy and kindness, and 
prompt observance of all orders. 

"He congratulates you upon the noble part you 
have acted in the brilliant successes of the campaign. 
Besdies participating in the capture of artillery, small 
arms, and prisoners, eight battle flags are proud 
mementos of your prowess. 

"Soldiers, these successes have been obtained only 
by a sad depletion of your ranks. Let the noble deeds 
of your fallen comrades and the oppressive slavery of 
your kinsmen stimulate you to renewed efforts in be- 
half of your afflicted country. Stand steady and firm 
by your tattered battle flag in the future as you have 
in the past, and soon an honorable peace, with the in- 
dependence of your country, will be a glorious reward." 

W. A. S. Taylor was adjutant of the regiment. 



Qopfederate l/eterap, 



157 



HEROISM LIKE THAT OF JOHN PELHAM. 

S. T. Shank, of North River, Va., has consented to 
give an interesting event of the great war of which 
very little is known : 

I was a sergeant in Capt. McClanahan's Battery, 
Gen. J. D. Imboden's Command, and we had just re- 
turned to Virginia, after Gen. Early's near approach 
to the Federal capital in August, 1864, in which cam- 
paign two of our guns had taken part. The section 
was in command of Lieut. Carter Berkeley, of Staun- 
ton, Va. In an engagement with the enemy a feu- 
days before, near Leesburg, Ya., we had burst the 
barrel of one of our guns. This was ordered to be 
taken to Staunton, and, as that was the home of our 
lieutenant, he accompanied the disabled gun, leaving 
me in command of the oilier gun. We were now in 
the lower valley, in Clark County, Va., near the 
Shenandoah river and the town of Berryville. 

On the morning that Lieut. Berkeley was to start to 
Staunton an order was icceived for a commissioned 
officer and one gun to report to Col. Long, of the Six- 
ty-Second Virginia Infantry, at Berry's Ferry for 
guard duty. Lieut. Berkeley told the officers in com- 
mand that I could fill the place, as there would be 
nothing to do but lie around the ferry during the day. 
So he started to Staunton and 1 to the place desig- 
nated, reaching there about 8 a.m. We wore on the 
west side of the river, which is flanked by a low ridge 
of hills. The road to the ferry passes through a deep 
ravine of this ridge. Arriving here, I found that the 
enemy had thrown a skirmish line across the river, 
which had advanced far as the entrance to this ravine, 
and had just been driven back by our pickets, which 
consisted of only a few detachments of infantry, pos- 
sibly in all one hundred men. I reported at once to 
Col. Long, and he told me to select a position, and 
do the best I could. This was the only order I re- 
ceived during the day. 1 took my gun to the top of 
the hill on the south side of the ravine, and there had 
an opportunity for using it most effectively. On the 
opposite side of the river, about a mile distant, there 
was a stretch of bottom land literally covered with 
troops just in the act of crossing the river by wading. 
In a moment we brought our gun into position, and 
threw shells into their very midst as rapidly as we could, 
until they sought shelter. During this time we had 
all in our own hands, as we were too far off to be 
reached with their smaller arms, and their artillery, it 
seems, had not arrived. In a short time, however, 
they had a battery of six rifle guns in position, and 
opened fire on us at such a distance that we could 
not reach at all with our howitzer. As we could do no 
effective work for a while, we left the gun in position 
and retired behind the brow of the hill for protection. 
Their firing continued for some time, and whenever 
their infantry or cavalry would become visible I alone 
would load and fire our gun, not wishing to expose 
more than one man at a time. One or two others did 
this after me. After some time I inferred from their 
movements that they were preparing to charge across 
the river with their cavalry and capture our gun, thus 
opening the way for their army to cross over." 

We then drew our gun by hand, not wishing to ex- 
pose our horses, below the crest of the hill, limbered 
up and moved several hundred yards to the right, 



placed it in position again without being seen by the 
enemy, and awaited developments. We had not long 
to wait, for soon the anticipated charge was made 
through the placid waters of the Shenandoah, and on 
through our feeble line of infantry, out through the 
ravine, then wheeled to the left up the ridge and over 
the very ground our gun had occupied all morning. 
Then at a short distance on their right we began firing, 
using first the shell with which the gun was loaded 
and then canister. We fired so rapidly into their midst 
that very few of them were able to recross the river 
to their friends. As soon as all this was over I went 
to where they had passed, and where our gun had 
been. Two men, whose horses had been shot, were 
crouching under some bushes like frightened birds. 
1 walked up to them wholly unarmed and demanded 
their arms. They deliberately unbuckled their belts, 
and gave me two new Colt's army revolvers, which 
had never been fired, and forty rounds of cartridges. 
I gave one of the pistols to the first one of our boys 
who asked for it. The other I gave to the person 
who afterwards became my wife, and we have it vet 
as a memento of the war. 

This was the last effort made to cross the river, and 
it may be said practically that one howitzer prevented 
an entire brigade of infantry, a battalion of cavalry, 
and a battery of six guns from making that crossing. 
\\ e remained upon the hill until night, then were re- 
lieved by others sent to our assistance. 

lien. Imboden. who had been captain of a battery 
in the Mexican war, and had commanded the same 
battery the first year of our war, came on the field that 
evening and rode a portion of the way to camp with 
me. He was highly complimentary, and said that he 
had never seen anything to equal the valor and sagac- 
ity displayed by us that day. He also complimented 
me very highly, as did Col. Long and other offii 
Lieut. Berkeley wrote to the department asking for a 
commission for me, but it never came. Of course I 
felt very much gratified over all this, for I was only 
ahoy. I was doing only my plain duty. I have n 
seen this episode in history, and have no idea whal 
troops were opposing us. As our battery was made 
up of boys from many different States and, in many 
instances, remote sections, I rarely see any of mj 
comrades. The other day I met six of them at Staun 
ton, whom I had not seen since April 9, 1865. I was 
much impressed with the changes tune had wrought 
in their appearance. We had parted as boys, and then 
met as gray-haired veterans. 



M;irl. I Yiekrill, Jr., Marias, Mont.: 
Seeing that you print anecdotes about former si. 
I wish to tell you of Uncle Dan's voluntering as re- 
lated by himself to me when I was a child : "Dey had 
a whole passel of us niggers standin' dar in cr line, 
an' de cap'n say. 'Ef dar is er man among you dat aint 
willin' ter tight fer his freedom, let 'im step out.' I 
stepped oul quick. De cap'n say. 'Step back dar, nig- 
ger,' an' I's skeered sho nuff den." 

An understood conversation betwen two old darkeys 

at Nashville is that one of them said: "1 asked Mars 

John Hickman for a pension, and he said, 'How long 

on in the Confederate army?' and I said, 'About 

11, twelve, or thirteen years, I disremember ;' and 

he said. 'If that is all. you can't git no pension." 



lbs 



Confederate l/eterai), 



J. WILKES BOOTH AND HIS MOTHER. 

The stage reminiscences of Mrs. Anne Hartley Gil- 
bert, an English actress, in the Scribncr Magazine for 
February, 1901, contain the following as furnished 
by .Miss Kate Mason Rowland: 

Mrs. Gilbert speaks of Edwin Booth as a "charm- 
ing Romeo," and adds : "But the most perfect Romeo, 
the finest I ever saw, was the brother, Wilkes Booth. 
He was very handsome, most lovable and lovely. He 
was eccentric in some ways, and he had the family 
failings ; but he also had a simple, direct, and charm- 
ing nature. The love and sympathy between him and 
his mother were very close, very strong. No matter 
how far apart they were, she seemed to know in some 
mysterious way when anything was wrong with him. 
If he were ill, or unfit to play, he would often receive 
a letter of sympathy, counsel, and warning, written 
when she could not possibly have received any news 
of him. He told me of this himself. No, I never felt 
that it was madness that carried him into the plot to 
assassinate the President. I know from my own lim- 
ited experience how high feeling could run in those 
days. A man lived so wholly with people who 
thought as he did that any one on the other side was 
hateful to him. Whatever drew Wilkes Booth into 
the plot, it was not quite dare-deviltry. And if the 
lot fell to him to do the thing, I feel sure that he went 
through with it without a backward thought. He had 
that kind of loyalty, that kind of courage. Perhaps 
the devotion of a high-strung Nihilist, who believes 
in his cause, comes nearest to expressing it. This is 
just my fancy from having known the man." 

A Baltimore Daughter of the Confederacy writes : 

The interesting communication in the last Veteran 
regarding John Wilkes Booth and young Powell, who 
was associated with him under the name of Payne, re- 
calls to my mind a touching letter written by the fa- 
ther of the latter shortly after his execution. I copy 
it from my old scrapbook — a storehouse of war inci- 
dents — and feel sure that it will be read with interest. 

Col. Daster, who was connected with the military 
commission which tried the assassins of the late Pres- 
ident Lincoln, has received the following letter from 
the father of Payne, Who attempted to murder Sec- 
retary Seward : 

"Live Oak, East Florida, September 30, 1865. 

"Dear Sir: On my return home some days since I 
found your very welcome letter, which brought me 
some interesting items in reference to my unfortunate 
and lamented son. Be assured, sir, that your kindness 
both to him and to myself is highly appreciated. At 
the time your first letter reached me I was confined to 
my bed, and it was received only the day before the 
execution. I did not answer it, for I intended coming 
to Washington as soon as possible, and started as soon 
as I could travel. At Jacksonville I met the sad in- 
telligence of his execution, and returned home in sor- 
row such as is not common for human hearts to bear. 
As to his early history, he was born in the State of 
Alabama April 22, 1844. (I see by a statement of his 
that he was mistaken by one year in his age.) In the 
twelfth year of his age he made a profession of reli- 
gion, and from that time he lived a pious life up to 



the time of his enlistment. He was soon ordered to 
Virginia. From that time forward I knew nothing of 
him only by letter. He was always kind and tender- 
hearted, yet determined in all his undertakings. He 
was much esteemed by all who knew him, and bid 
fair for usefulness in Church and State. Please accept 
the warmest thanks of myself and family for the serv- 
ices rendered the unfortunate youth. Very truly and 
sincerely yours, George C. Powell." 

ROSTER OF THE TEXAS DIVISION WANTED. 

K. M. Van Zandt, Major General Commanding the 
Texas Division, U. C. V., issues General Order No. 4 
from Fort Worth, Tex., in which he states : 

The Brigadier Generals commanding the several 
subdivisions of this division are hereby directed to 
require the Camps of their respective subdivisions to 
promptly make out complete muster rolls of the mem- 
bers of said Camp. It is the intention of the Major 
General commanding, as soon as such muster rolls, 
properly prepared, shall have been received at these 
headquarters, to cause the same to be compiled and 
published in book or pamphlet form, and a copy of 
same furnished each Camp in the division, to the in- 
tent that a permanent record be preserved of members 
of the division and of the commands in which they 
served during the war; and, further, that every Con- 
federate in this State should have the means of readily 
locating and finding every comrade in the State, pro- 
vided he is a member of any Camp in this division. 

Muster rolls, together with the per capita tax of five 
cents per member, shall be forwarded by the Camps 
without delay to brigade headquarters, and not to 
these headquarters. And the Adjutant General of 
said subdivision, or such other officer as may be des- 
ignated by the Brigadier General, shall, on receipt of 
same, retain one-half of said per capita tax so received 
for the expenses of said subdivision, and forward the 
remaining one-half of said per capita tax, together 
with said muster roll, at once to these headquarters, 
first seeing that said rolls are properly prepared. 

Memphis Reunion Committees. — ■ President, 
Thomas B. Turley; Vice Presidents, W. J. Crawford, 

A. B. Pickett, E. Lowenstein, John Overton, M. Gavin, 
Charles S. Eberhart, Joseph D. Montedonico, Oscar 
I. Kruger, and D. C. Go van ; Treasurer, John Arm- 
istead ; Secretary, R. A. Parker. 

Chairmen of Committees. — Finance, A. B. Pickett; 
Auditing, Miles S. Buckingham ; Transportation, Fred 
Orgill ; Accommodations, W. A. Gage ; Parade and 
Review, A. R. Taylor; Horses and Carriages, Cyrus 
Garnsey, Jr. ; Commissary, John Myers ; Military and 
Encampment, E. E. Wright; Information, James S. 
Davant ; Press, T. C. Ashcroft ; Printing and Adver- 
tising, W. H. Bates; Invitations, Tim E. Cooper; 
Badges, S. A. Pepper; Medical, Dr. G. B. Malone; 
Amusements, R. Brinkley Snowden ; Decoration and 
Illumination, R. H. Vance ; Hall for Meeting of Vet- 
eran Convention, J. M. Goodbar; Headquarters, W. 

B. Mallory ; Halls for State Organizations, J. E. Beas- 
ley ; Music, T. O. Vinton ; Entertainment General Offi- 
cers, Frank G. Jones ; General Entertainment. Robert 
L. McKellar; Ladies, Alex Allison; Reception, J. J. 
Williams. 



Confederate l/eteran. 



169 



ABOUT THE BATTLE AT SHELBYVILLE, TENN, 
So much interest is felt in Dr. J. A. Wyeth (New- 
York) on account of his "Life of Gen. N. B. Forrest" 
that the Veteran prints an account given by him 
sometime since of his experience in the battle of 
Shelbyville, Tenn. He does not admit merit to the 
credit for bravery that was given him in that engage- 
ment. Indeed he did not consent to its publication 
until confronted with his own argument that every 
contribution of a personal nature coming from a re- 
liable source is a contribution to the true history of 
the war, for it shows the spirit which actuated the 
men in the ranks. His account is as follows : 

Russell's Fourth Alabama Cavalry Regiment, to 
which I belonged, had been doing outpost duty in 
the neighborhood of Unionville and Triune, Tenn. 
On June 27, 1863, we were covering the retreat 
of Bragg's army, and were roughly handled by a 
strong force of Union cavalry at Shelby vil I < 
happened to be on the skirmish line, and was 
about three hundred yards in front of the Con- 
federate line of battle. As the Federal skirmish 
ers advanced, one of these came within aboul one 
hundred yards of my position, and before I had 
ordered to retire, and after we had exchanged shots 
with our carbines, he put spurs to his horse and 
charged directly ait me. I have an idea now that it 
was my diminutive size and boyish appearance (for I 
was then just eighteen years old, and small of stature 
for that age) which suggested to his mind this sud- 
den rush. I recall vividly the thoughts which flashed 
through my mind alt that critical moment. In the 
first place, 1 was scared, for I have never been able to 
reach that sublime condition when the fear of pin 
disaster or of death was entirely absent. I think I 
succeeded in concealing this fear from my comrades, 
but it was with considerable effort, and was a deceit 
which human pride must justify, if such can find justi- 
fication. Moreover, I believed for a few- seconds that 
I had been shot, for when my antagonist fired at me 
something struck me in my left side, and I was sure 
the bullet had found its mark. It may be that this 
induced a condition of desperation which under or- 
dinary conditions might not have been present, for as 
he came toward me at full speed, I held my horse as 
steadily as possible and tried to stop the daring troop- 
er with my six-shooter. He was engaged in the same 
use of his pistol, and we were quickly close together. 
Noil more than thirty feet separated us when, just as 
I was about to fire a fourth shot, he suddenly tight- 
ened the reins and turned his horse to one side, and 
at the same moment expertly threw his body down on 
the safe side of his horse and saddle for protection. 
As he scurried back toward his line of skirmishers, I 
could not resist the temptation to try again to hit him, 
and was foolish enough to chase him until he was in 
close supporting distance of his comrades. 

As good luck would have it, I escaped what might 
have been ilie logical and proper result of an injudi- 
cious effort, and must confess to a feeling of consider- 
able pride at the yells of approval which welcomed the 
prodigal's return. Sam Russell, orderly sergeant of 
my company (although he was too experienced a sol- 



dier to approve of what had been done), had. with a 
squad, rallied to my aid. 

An intimate boyhood friend and playmate, now Dr. 
C. V Robinson, of Huntsville, Ala., who belonged to 




DR. WYBTH OK l III' STEPS OF HIS OFFIC1 
1">" lung Confederate. 

ol tin- companies from Madison County, and who 
on mam occasions attested coolness and courage of 
the highest order, remarked as I rode by him into my 
place in the line of battle : "John, you are the d — st 
fool in the regiment." From the standpoint of fifty- 
five years of age, looking backward upon the perform- 
ance on that day of the boy of eighteen, I think Meek 
was not far from right. 



HE WAS A YOUNG SOLDIER. 

Dr. John R. Mackenzie, Weatherford, Tex. : "The 
distinction of having been the youngest soldier in the 
Confederate army has been claimed by many, and the 
question seems yet to be settled. There lives in the 
little city of Weatherford, Tex., Father Patrick F. 
Brannan, an eminent Catholic priest, who can justly 
lay claim to having been at least one of the youngest 
soldiers in our army, and who, in addition, served con- 
tinuousy until the close of the war. Father Brannan 
was born November 30, 1847. He enlisted in the Fif- 
teenth Alabama Infantry at Fort Mitchell Ala., on the 
2d day of June, 1861, being at that time thirteen years 
old. Very soon after his enlistment his regiment was 
ordered to Virginia, where it did its quota of gallant 
service until the close of the war. Being an orphan 
and without a home, the boy soldier, who never sought 
or accepted a furlough, remained steadfast to the end. 
and was one of those who composed the shattered 
battalion which surrendered at Appomattox. Father 
Brannan's friends claim that his record, age consid- 
ered, is without a parallel in the history of the war." 



160 



Confederate tfeterai}. 



The Confederated Southern Memorial Asso- 
ciation. — The C. S. M. A. will hold its annual re- 
union and first anniversary at Memphis, Tenn., at the 
time of the U. C. V. reunion, May 28, 29, 30. The 
exercises of the Confederation will begin with a me- 
morial service, in honor of President Davis, at Calvary 
Episcopal Church, corner of Second and Adams 
Streets, at 9 a.m., Tuesday, May 28, services con- 
ducted Rev. T. F. Gailor, Bishop of the Diocese. 
Bishop Gailor is the son of a Confederate hero, and 
himself Commander of N. B. Forrest Camp, Sons of 
Confederate Veterans, at Memphis. It is hoped there 
will be a large attendance of Confederate Veterans, 
Sons of Veterans, and Daughters of the Confederacy 
to unite with the Memorial Association in paying trib- 
ute to the memory of "our silent chieftain." After 
this service of one hour, the Confederation will repair 
to the Woman's Building, corner of Jefferson and 
Third Streets (two blocks from Calvary Church), 
where the Committee on Credentials will issue badges" 
and enroll the names of the delegates. 

The Association will then convene for the business 
session of the morning. The Woman's Building will 
be headquarters for the Confederation, and all busi- 
ness meetings will be held there. 

The Committee on Arrangements, composed of 
members of the S. C. M. A. of Memphis, Mrs. C. W. 
Frazer, Chairman, have been untiring in their efforts 
to make this our first reunion a perfect success. 

Mrs. W. J. Behan, President; 
Sue H. Walker, Cor. Sec. 



Mrs. James T. Halsey, President Gen. Dabney H. 
Maury Chapter, U. D. C, Philadelphia, sends this : 

The Gen. Dabney H. Maury Chapter, U. D. C, ex- 
presses grateful appreciation for the following dona- 
tions sent to Miss Gertrude Agnes Byers, member of 
the Monument Committee, to be erected either here 
(Philadelphia) or in the South, to the memory of Con- 
federate dead buried in the national cemetery, Phil- 
adelphia; R. E. Lee Camp, Jacksonville, Fla., $3.05; 
Gen. Turner Ashby Camp, Winchester, Va., $3.85 : 
Dibrell Bivouac, Lewisburg, Tenn., $5 ; John B. Clark 
Camp, Fayette, Mo., $5 ; W. H. Duncan Camp, Sons 
of Confederate Veterans, Barnwell, S. C, $1.30; Arch- 
ibald Gracia Camp, Sons of Confederate Veterans, 
Bristol, Term., $1.80; Fayetteville Camp, Fayetteville, 
N. C, $2.05; D. Waytt Aiken Camp, Greenwood, 
S. C, $5 ; Mr. Joseph K. Caldwell, Philadelphia, $2. 

Additional contributions to the Confederate Monu- 
ment Fund through Dabney H. Maury Chapter, U. D. 
C, Philadelphia, Pa. : Mrs. J. A. Woodall, Sharon, Ga., 
$1.70; Hopkins County Confederate Veteran Camp, 
Madisonville, Ky., $3; Mr. Lang C. Allen, Clarksdale, 
Miss., $1.95; Standwatie Camp, Chelsea, I. T., $2; 
Henry Gray Camp, Timothea, La,, $1.10; Mildred Lee 
Camp, Sherman, Texas, $2.50; Capt. T. W. Elliott, 
Clarksdale, Miss., 25 cents; H. M. Ashby Camp, Pike- 
ville, Tenn., $1 ; Gen. James Conner Camp, Summer- 
ville, S. C, $1.05; John H. Morgan Camp, San Diego, 
Cal., $1.80; William E. Moore Camp, Sons of Veterans. 
Helena, Ark., $9.75; John R. Baylor Camp, Uvalds, 
Texas, 85 cents; Mr. Thomas T. Smith, Philipsburg, 
Mont., 25 cents; Mr. F. D. Brown, Philipsburg, Mont., 
50 cents; Dr. William Ray, Philipsburg, Mont., 50 cents. 




ASOPH HILL. 



Capt. F. S. Harris writes to Elder J. K. Womack, 
a nephew of Capt. Asoph Hill, concerning the latter 
as a soldier : 

When the company from Statesville was organized, 
in May, 1861, Asoph Hill was defeated for captain by 
one or two votes by Capt. N. Oakley. Hill's youth 

was against him, and 
Oakley's gallant service 
as a soldier in Mexico 
was in his favor. When 
the Seventh Tennessee 
was organized at Camp 
Trousdale, Col. Hatton 
promoted Hill to ser- 
geant major from pri- 
vate, a very responsible 
place, and so faithfully 
did Hill perform the va- 
rious duties that he re- 
ceived honorable men- 
tion from Col. Hatton, 
commander of the regi- 
ment, and from brigade headquarters. On the reor- 
ganization of the regiment, in April, 1862, at York- 
town, Capt. Oakley did not offer again for the com- 
mand of his company, and Hill was elected to the 
position. He treated his men kindly. His discipline 
was firm and strong, without any of the martinet, 
and his command was perfect as could be in a volun- 
teer army. He led his company into every battle with 
such gallantry that it was often the compliment of the 
regiment. Seven Pines was the first battle his com- 
pany was in after he became captain. 

When Gen. Hatton fell Capt. Hill was close to him, 
and it was one of his company, now Esquire Davis, 
together with T. J. Holloway, of Company H, who 
carried Gen. Hatton from the field. He led his old 
company (F) in every one of the seven days' battles 
aruund Richmond, when the men were placed for the 
second and last time under old Stonewall Jackson. 

At the head of his company Capt. Hill helped to 
break the impetuous charge of Banks at Cedar Run. 
The three days of second Manassas found him dusty, 
sun-browned, and hungry, but still in command of his 
company. Several times during this campaign Capt. 
Hill commanded the regiment. I was not at Sharps- 
burg, but Fredericksburg found him on the front line, 
with Company F at his back. 

At Chancellorsville he was conspicuous for his brav- 
ery. He walked all the way to Gettysburg at the head 
of his company. When that fatal day and the world's 
greatest charge was ordered, Capt. Hill stepped to 
the front smiling, as was his custom on such occasions. 
He carried his company to the "stone wall" so well 
known in that battle. 

Capt. Alexander, who was perhaps the last man 
who ever spoke to him, told me afterwards that Capt. 
Hill stood waving his sword to his men, urging them 
forward in the face of one hundred pieces of artillery 
in front, and more than that from Round Top, and 
three lines of Federal infantry. Capt. Alexander 
thinks death was instantaneous. He was strictly hon- 
est, always courteous, obliging, and was said to be the 
handsomest man in the regiment. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



161 



THE DEVIL'S DEN. 
Gen. W. F. Perry, Bowling Green, Ky., writes of 
"The Devil's Den" in battle of Gettysburg: 

Three or four miles south of Gettysburg, Pa., is a 
wild, rocky labyrinth, which, from its weird, uncanny 
features, has long been called by the people of the 
vicinity the "Devil's Den." The fierce conflict which 
was waged within and around it on the evening of 
July 2, 1863, has rendered it historic. 

Large rocks from six to fifteen feet high are thrown 
together in confusion over a considerable area, and yet 
so disposed as to leave everywhere among them wind- 
ing passages carpeted with moss. Many of its re- 
cesses are never visited by the sunshine, and a cavern- 
ous coolness pervades the air within it. 

A short distance to the east the frowning bastions 
of Little Round Top rise two hundred feet above the 
level of the plain. An abrupt elevation, thirty or forty 
feet high, itself buttressed with rocks, constitutes the 
western boundary of this strange formation. On the 
south of the Den is an open space less than a hundred 
yards wide ; and then begins a forest, which extends 
to and covers a larger hill known as Big Round Top. 
Toward the west, a narrow valley of cultivated land 
lying between, is Seminary Ridge, on which the Con- 
federate army was drawn up. 

Upon the position I have described rested the left 
of the Federal line when the battle of the 2nd of July 
began. The rocks were filled with infantry, and on 
the adjacent elevation were three pieces of artillery. 

The storming and capture of this formidable posi- 
tion by the Southern troops was the opening act of 
the second day's battle of Gettysburg. Three bodies 
of troops have laid claim to the honor of the achieve- 
ment : Benning's Brigade of Georgians, the Fourth 
Texas Regiment of Robertson's Brigade, and the 
Forty-Fourth Alabama Regiment of Law's Brigade. 
The commissioners of the Gettysburg National Mili- 
tary Park, unable or unwilling to discriminate, seem 
to have settled the dispute by dividing the honor 
among the claimants. As to the commander of the 
body of troops last named, even at the risk of incurring 
the charge of egotism, I propose to state precisely 
what occurred, as I saw and understood it at the time, 
and remember it now. T do so for the sake of the 
truth of history, and as an act of justice to a body of 
men that, in all the qualities of true soldiership, had 
few, if any. superiors in the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. 

Law's Brigade arrived on the battlefield during the 
afternoon of July 2. after a forced march of twenty- 
two miles. Tt then made with the corps a tedious 
march of three or four miles in a circuit to gain the 
point on the extreme right from which the attack was 
to be delivered. About four o'clock in the evening 
it was thrown into line of battle on the crest of Semi- 
nary Ridge, facing due east, and fronting the two 
Round Top hills. Tt constituted the extreme right of 
the Confederate army. 

The view was imposing-. Little Round Top. 
crowned with artillery, resembled a volcano in erup- 
tion ; while the hillock near the Devil's Den, the dis- 
tance between them being diminished by the view in 

perspective, appeared as a secondary crater near its 

4** 



base. It was evident that a formidable task was be- 
fore us. The regimental commanders were ordered 
to go in on foot. This proved a misfortune. They 
should have remained mounted, at least until the 
ru gg e d ground beyond the valley was reached. Three 
out of five, I believe, were prostrated before the battle 
closed. 

The brigade, as soon as its formation was completed, 
moved steadily down the slope into the valley. When 
near the miudle of the valley, 1 received an order to 
capture the battery at the Devil's Den. Of course 
the name and the nature of the place were then un- 
known. It was perhaps three hundred yards to the 
left of the line on which we were advancing. To exe- 
cute the order, it was necessary to swing loose from 
the brigade, change direction, and move upon the 
position without support on either flank. I at once 
resolved to make the attack from the woods south of 
the battery. My regiment, which was near the center, 
having been disengaged from the advancing line by 
a short halt, was thrown to the left of the brigade by 
an oblique march. It then moved directly forward 
until the edge of the woods was reached. Here it 
wheeled so as to face to the north, and at once moved 
upon the point of attack. 

The enemy were as invisible to us as we were to 
them. The presence of a battery of artillery of course 
implied the presence of a strong supporting force of 
infantry. Of its strength, its position, and the nature 
of its defenses, we were in total ignorance. We were 
soon to learn. 

As the line emerged from the woods into the open 
space mentioned above, a sheet of flame burst from 
the rocks less than a hundred yards away. A few 
scattering shots in the beginning gave warning in time 
for my men to fall flat, and thus largely to escape the 
effect of the main volley. They doubtless seemed to 
the enemy to be all dead ; but the volume of the fire 
which they immediately returned proved that they 
were very much alive. 

No language can express the intensity of the solic- 
itude with which I surveyed the strange, wild situa- 
tion which suddenly burst upon my view. Upon the 
decision of a moment depended the honor of my com- 
mand, and perhaps the lives of many brave men. I 
knew that, if called upon, they would follow me, and 
felt confident that the place could be carried by an 
impetuous charge. But then what? There were no 
supporting troops in sight. A heavy force of the en- 
emy might envelop and overpower us. It was certain 
that we should he exposed to a plunging, enfilading 
fire from Little Round Top. And yet, the demorali- 
zation and shame of a retreat, and an exposure to be 
shot in the back, were not to be thought of. Before 
the enemy had time to reload their guns a decision 
was made. Leaping- over my prostrate line, I shouted 
the order "Forward !" and started for the rocks. The 
response was a bound, a yell, and a rush, and in less 
than a minute the right wing of the regiment was 
pouring into the Den — the enemy escaping from the 
opposite side — and the left was scaling the rugged 
eminence on which the artillery was planted. It was 
led by Maj. George W. Cary, who, flag in hand, 
bounded up the cliff, and landed on the crest ahead of 
the line. The gunners, stationed where they could 



162 



Confederate l/eterai). 



see what was coming, made their escape; while the 
infantry support of the battery, apparently taken by 
surprise, surrendered without resistance. They con- 
stituted the right wing of the Fourth Maine Regiment. 
I soon afterwards met one of the surrendered offi- 
cers, who complimented, in the highest terms, the gal- 
lantry of Maj. Cary and his men. A few minutes 
later the Major found me among the rocks near the 
foot of the hill, prostrated by heat and excessive exer- 
tion. He exhibited an armful of swords as trophies of 
his victory, and complained that cannon from both 
sides were playing on his position. This I knew to be 
true as to the Federal side. At the very entrance of the 
labyrinth a spherical case shot from Round Top had 
exploded very near my head, and thrown its deadly 
contents against a rock almost within my reach. He 
was ordered to hurry back and withdraw the men from 
the crest, so that thev could find shelter on the sides of 
the hill. 

In a very short time he came back in great haste, 
and informed me that a force of the enemy large 
enough to envelop our position was moving down 
upon us. I sprang to my feet with the intention of 
climbing the hill to see the situation and determine 
what to do, but found myself unable to stand without 
support. While we were anxiously discussing the sit- 
uation, Benning's Brigade, moving in splendid style, 
swept in from Seminary Ridge on our left, and met 
the threatening force. One of us remarked : "There is 
Benning; we are all right now." His march was so 
directed that his right lapped upon my left, and 
poured over the hill upon which were the abandoned 
guns. 

A furious battle now began along his entire line, 
as well as my own, which had pressed through to the 
north side of the rocks. Other troops, also, are spoken 
of bv the Gettysburg Park Commissioners as engaged 
in the struggle for the possession of the Devil's 
Den. In a most interesting work recently published 
by them, entitled "New York at Gettysburg," a copy 
of which was kindly sent me, I find it stated that four 
brigades of Southern troops were engaged in its cap- 
ture. If by that name is meant the peculiar rocky 
formation above described, a very good picture of 
which is given in their work, I know that a single regi- 
ment of three hundred and forty men stormed and car- 
ried it in less than five minutes after the first gun was 
fired. Their reference must have been to the number 
engaged in repelling the counter attack which the cap- 
ture provoked. 

It has always been to me a source of sincere regret 
that my disability, which continued until after night- 
fall, prevented me from seeing anything that occurred 
after the arrival of Benning's line. Buried in the re- 
cesses of the rocks, I could only hear. It is seldom 
that a soldier in the midst of a great battle, in com- 
parative security and perfect composure, can enjoy 
the privilege nf Hsteninpr. The incessant roar of small 
arms, the deadly hiss of Minie balls, the shouts of the 
combatants, the booming of cannon, the explosion of 
shells, and the crash of their fragments among the 
rocks, all blended in one dread chorus whose sub- 
limity and terror no power of expression could com- 
pass. The conflict raged at intervals until dark. 

My loss was comparatively light, considering the 



desperate character of the fighting. This was due to 
three causes : the happy dodge given the first volley 
of the enemy ; the rush made upon them before they 
had time to reload ; the protection afterwards afforded 
by the rocks. The killed and wounded numbered 
ninety-two, a little over one-fourth of those who went 
into action. 

Soon after dark the enemy extended their line south- 
ward, so as to cover Big Round Top. Law's Brigade 
made a corresponding movement to confront them, 
and the Forty-Fourth was withdrawn from the Devil's 
Den, and rejoined the command. 

The captured guns were removed during the night 
by Benning's Brigade, or by the Fourth Texas, which 
was engaged at the same point. 

I would not be understood as expressing or enter- 
taining a suspicion that any false claim to the capture 
of the position was intentionally made. It was per- 
fectly natural that, coming on the abandoned guns, 
and no other troops being in sight, they should re- 
gard themselves as the first captors. I heard soon 
after the battle that the claim was made, but was too 
indifferent to give the matter any attention. Stunned 
and dazed by the result of the campaign, a result 
which cast ominous conjecture on the whole Southern 
cause, I could not realize that the next generation 
would feel the keenest desire to know, even down to 
the minutest particulars, everything that occurred in 
that epoch-making conflict. 

Though not strictly within the scope of this paper, 
it is, nevertheless, in order to speak briefly of the other 
regiments of Law's Brigade : the Fourth, the Fifteenth, 
the Forty-Seventh, and Forty-Eighth Alabama. After 
the Forty-Fourth parted company and headed north- 
ward to the Devil's Den, they pressed on into the 
woods, clambered over a rugged spur between the two 
Round Top hills, furiously assailed Little Round Top, 
scaled its steeps, and fought more than twice their 




GUN. W. K I'EKRY. 






Qo federate l/eterai). 



163 



number on its rocky terraces, until night ended the 
struggle. All this, after a forced march of twenty- 
six miles in the heat of a sultry July day. It would 
be hard to find in the annals of war a parallel to that 
day's work of Law's Brigade. 

GEN. PERRY'S MILITARY SERVICE. 

Gen. W. F. Perry entered the Confederate service 
in May, 1862, as major of the Forty-Fourth Alabama 
Regiment. He jojned the Army of Northern Virginia 
the last of June, while the battles around Richmond 
were in progress. Having been assigned to Long- 
street's Corps, he afterwards took pan in e\ ery impor- 
tant battle of that famous body of troops. He was 
promoted to the command of his regiment on the 
field of Sharpsburg. On the first day of the battle of 
Giickamauga, he led his regiment in an independent 
charge, which broke the Federal line in his front, and 
on the second day, at the head of Law's Brigade, he 
took a prominent part in the capture of sixteen pieces 
of artillery on Snodgrass Hill. 

In January, 1864, Gen. Longstreet recommended 
him for promotion For gallantry in battle. 

Tn 1864, as senior officer pn sent, he led his brigade 
in all the desperate battles between Grant and Lee. 
and was subsequently promoted to its permanent com- 
mand. 

During the last days of the retreat to Appomattox. 
Perry's brigade, on account of its fine tone and dis- 
cipline, was made the rear guard of the army; and at 
the surrender it constituted about one tenth of Gen. 
I ee's effective force. 



ABOUT THE BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE, KY. 
W. 1 '.. ( rips* m. ( '< wan, Tenn., writes as full, iw s : 
In thp August (1900) Veteran a partial view of 
the Perryville battlefield and the stone wall, even a 
hole in the wall which was at the right place and at 
the right time on that memorable 8th day of Octo- 
ber, 1862, brings many pictures to my mind. First, 
some personal history: I enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany I. Seventeenth Tennessee Volunteers, in April, 
1861, I was with Gen. Zollicofer in Kentucky. After 
the battle of Fishing Creek we were sent to Corinth, 
Miss., where we reenlistcd for the war and elected new 
officers. I was elected sergeant of Company I. We 
next moved to Chattanooga, and joined Gen. Bragg 
on his Kentucky campaign. A forced march was 
made, in which we tried to beat Gen. Buell to Louis- 
ville, but failed by some twenty-five miles. We passed 
through Bardstown. and rested at a place called 
Hen Peck. Wc started the retreat to Perryville at 
1 a.m. T was put in charge of the rear guard. 1 n 
fortunately the Fifth Confederate, mostly Irish, had 
got some whisky, and many of them were drunk, and 
we had a hard time in getting them forward While we 
tried to keep the enemy back. We had to leave some 
of them, as they could not travel. We carried their 
guns for some time, but the enemy pressed us so hard 
that we hid their guns — twelve in number — under a 
brush pile. We reached Perrwille about I p.m., and 
found our command in line of battle. The order soon 
came to advance on the enemy. As our brigade was 
in the south end of the town, we did not strike the 



enemy until we got over the first range of hills. When 
we reached the edge of an old field we were in plain 
view of the enemy, and they gave us the warmest re- 
ception I ever had. Our colonel, A. S. Marks, pro- 
posed to Gen. Bushrod Johnson, our brigade com- 
mander, to charge the stone wall, which was about 
four hundred yards in our front, but Gen. Johnson 
thought it too perilous. Col. Marks replied : "It can't 
be worse than this; we shall all be killed if we stay 
here." The charge was then ordered, and we went 
double-quick right for the stone wall under a heavy 
tne .if both grapeshots and musketry. When near the 
wall we crossed a creek, and then bounded over the 
wall. The Yankees fell back through a sorghum 
patch, and formed behind a rail fence, some two hun- 
dred yards distant. At first we could only see their 
colors, but before what few of them who were not 
shot down left we could see them very plainly as the 

patch was mowed d'< iwn. Three or four times the 
colors would fall, but were no sooner down than they 
were raised again, by other hands. Just here occurred 
that which make the picture of the wall and that hole 
in it, so vivid to me. Myself and three others were 
trying to shoot through that hole, and we were in each 

r's way. So 1 told them to do the loading and T 
would do the shooting, and thus we continued until 
the enemy fled. I felt quite safe behind that wall. 
During the battle Gen. Cleburne marched up the 
ordered Col, Marks to move farther to the 
right, and give him the inclosure, which Col. Marks 
refused to do, and there were some very rough words 
passed between them. After the enemy retreated, I 
counted thirteen of their dead in the corner of the 
fence, where we had seen the flag fall so often. Our 
command was ordered forward to the top of the hill 
10 support the Washington Battery, which kept up a 
constant tiring until about eleven o'clock at night. As 
the elements above seemed to be on fire, we lay flat 
on the ground. While in this position a piece of a 
shell struck my gun, close to my head, and cut it in 
two. the front end flying over and the bavonet stick- 
ing in the ground behind the line. When I came to 
myself Col. Marks was sitting on the ground resting 
my head against his breast. T said : "What is the mat- 
ter, boys?" lie answered: "Nothing the matter: you 
are all right." "Where is my gun then." One of the 
boys pulled one piece out of the ground, while an- 
,,(]-.,• handed me the breech. The piece of shell had 
buried itself in the earth. The next morning we start- 
ed on our long and weary retreat to Tennessee. 



Joseph S. Savage, Terrell. Tex., writes that Nathan 
Smith, I awrence, Tex., wishes to apply For a pension. 
Hi belonged to Company F. Ninth Alabama Bat- 
talion, with McClelland captain. It consolidated with 
the Fifty-Eighth Alabama Regiment under Cleburne. 
Information will lie gratefully appreciated. 



J. A. Collinsworth, of Humboldt, Tenn.. sends some 
prints of an old firearm, of which he is anxious to 
learn something. It was found in Crockett County 
some forty years ago. It is made to shoot five times, 
ami is fortv-four caliber, made for cap and ball. No 
one who has seen it can give a name to it. 



164 



Confederate l/eterai). 



HARDSHIPS AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND. 

With reference to an article previously written for 
the Veteran, T. B. Jackson, Lieutenant Third Vir- 
ginia Infantry, Pickett's Division, A. N. V., writes from 
Norfolk, Va. : 

In the Veteran for July, 1900, appears an article 
entitled "Officers Prisoners on Johnson's Island," 
which is true only in part. The geographical sketch 
of the island; the statement of the number of Confed- 
erate officers confir<*d there from April, 1862, to Sep- 
tember, 1865; the present status of the buildings, 
grounds, and the Confederate cemetery, wherein sleep 
two hundred and sixty of the Southron braves, and 
their names as published in the article, are doubtless 
strictly true, but the idea intended to be conveyed by 
the writer of that article, who evidently never was a 
soldier, that the Confederate officers confined on 
Johnson's Island were ever put upon their honor, or 
ever agreed, in any sense, not to attempt escape when- 
ever such a thing was possible, is too absurd for belief. 

It is thoroughly unreasonable to suppose that the 
Confederate officers at that time on the island had, 
in any way, pledged themselves not to participate in 
the plan of liberation originated, it is claimed, by Jacob 
Thdmpson, Maj. Cole (of Tennessee), and Maj. Hinds 
(of Bowling Green, Kv.). It is safe to say that not 
one single officer would have hesitated to do his full 
share in attempting to overcome the prison guard — 
the gallant Fifth Ohio Battalion of Infantry, com- 
manded by a man of the name of Scoville, and of the 
rank of major — if the man of war, Michigan, had been 
captured, or the steamer Philo Parsons, which was 
captured, had appeared in sight of the island flying the 
stars and bars. 

The writer of the article in your July number states 
that "these Confederate officers were treated, during 
their imprisonment, as befitted men in their station in 
life as far as circumstances would permit, of course ; 
that they were subjected to no petty tyranny, but on 
the contrary were granted privileges enjoyed by pris- 
oners of war at no other military prisons of the North." 

Now in just what manner they were treated differ- 
ently from other prisoners of war, I am unable to dis- 
cover. They were quartered in twelve wooden build- 
ings, with an additional one for a hospital, and these 
buildings were inclosed by a fence twelve feet high, 
on the outside of which, near the top, was what we 
called a parapet, and on which paced the sentinels, 
their pieces ready for use, and they used them on the 
slightest pretext, as I myself had proof. 

Each room had bunks in tiers, three high, all the 
Way around, and these bunks had an apology of a tick 
and straw, with one United States blanket to the man. 
In midwinter great suffering was endured from the 
intense cold, all lights and fires being out at nine 
o'clock at night, with the mercury getting down as 
low as twenty degrees below zero. The writer of your 
July article unblushingly tells us that "suitable cloth- 
ing was provided." 

I was carried from David's Island (N. Y.) hospital 
in the latter part of September, 1863, being left 
wounded on the Gettysburg field in Pickett's charge, 
July 3, 1863, with some two hundred wounded offi- 
cers. I reached Tohnson's Island about the 1st of 



October, and had scarcely enough clothing to cover 
me. All that I received from October, 1863, until 
March 22, 1865, when paroled and sent South, was 
such as came from Southern sympathizers. 

My case was an exception as to the receipt of cloth- 
ing, for of the forty officers in Room 4 of Block 10, 
not more than five received a stitch of any description 
during the sixteen months they were in the prison, 
and those not handy with the needle were more or 
less ragged. 

There were some in the prison who had friends in 
the North, and from them they received clothing and 
occasionally a box of provisions, but these were rare 
cases. There is not the slightest semblance of truth 
in the inference sought to be shown by the writer of 
your July article that the United States government 
issued clothing to the Confederate officers at John- 
son's Island prison. 

A word as to the statement that these officers' tables 
were furnished with an "abundance of substantial* 
and many of the luxuries." What we termed the 
"retaliatory period" began in the summer of 1864, and 
continued until the prison was emptied, and to say 
that an "abundance of substantial and many of the 
luxuries" were furnished the Confederate officers dur- 
ing that time is a grave error, on a par, I affirm, with 
many of the statements in Northern histories of events 
that transpired between 1861 and 1865, which, as is 
now thought by some kind persons, should be taught 
to our children. 

The elegant illustration introduced by the writer of 
your July article would leave the impression that life 
for the Confederate officer at Johnson's Island was one 
sweet song. 

record of privation in prison. 

Col. B. W. Johnson, Fifteenth Arkansas Infantry, 
writes of Johnson's Island : 

A friend of mine calls attention to an article, either 
by some Northern writer or some apostate from the 
South, pretending to give a true account of prison life 
at Johnson's Island during our civil war; and I must 
say that he either was never on the island during the 
years 1864 and 1865, or has joined the great army of 
Mulhatton. 

I was the colonel of the Fifteenth Arkansas Regi- 
ment of Infantry, and on July 9, 1863, was surren- 
dered at Port Hudson, La. From there I was taken 
to New Orleans, and confined for a time in the Custom 
House. After that I was transported to Governor's 
Island, N. Y. Thence I was transferred to Johnson's 
Island in the fall of 1863. All prisoners were treated 
well at both of these former places, and there was no 
complaint, and could not have been any. 

When I reached Johnson's Island the prison was not 
crowded, and the rations were good in quality and 
sufficient in quantity. In addition to this there was 
inside of the prison a good sutler's establishment, 
where we could buy any article that we wished, ex- 
cept liquor — that is, had we the wherewith to purchase. 

In the winter of 1863-64 each prisoner was furnished 
with two so-called blankets, but if any sheep ever fur- 
nished any wool that entered into the make-up of those 
blankets, he must have been of a hairy description, as 
they were made shoddy and no wool in them. Each 



Confederate l/eterar?. 



165 



prisoner, when he entered that prison, was furnished 
with two of such blankets, and never received any 
more. The bedding in the bunks consisted of about 
as much wheat straw as would give an ordinary cow 
a scant meal. Neither the straw nor blankets were 
ever changed while I was there. 

This prison consisted of thirteen buildings, one of 
which was reserved for a hospital and the others for 
living quarters, and when fully occupied would accom- 
modate about fifteen hundred men. They were two- 
story frame box houses, and with no wood at night, 
and with the temperature down at one time to twenty- 
seven degrees below zero it kept the boys quite lively 
to keep from freezing. In the summer of 1864 the 
sutler shop was moved out, and rations, which up to 
that time had been abundant, began to grow short. 
Complaint was made to the commandant of the prison, 
who, by -the way, was quite a gentleman, and the reply 
we received was that he was "simply obeying orders 
from headquarters," which, we supposed, was the War 
Department, presided over at that time by Mr. Stan- 
ton. The rations continued to grow short until it be- 
gan to look like starvation. 

In the fall of that year we were introduced to a new 
kind of ration, called white fish. This salted fish was 
about as palatable and juicy as smoked codfish. I 
suppose that there were hundreds who had never 
heard of or seen a white fish, much less eaten one ; but 
even the fish was issued only in half rations. The ex- 
cuse for this was that bacon was high and fish cheap. 
Each block in this prison had a chief of the mess, who 
drew the rations for his block, and each room had its 
chief under him. When rations got down so short ev- 
ery man gathered around his mess chief to see that he 
got his share of the grub. The long fellow got as 
much as the short one, the fat fellow as much as the 
lean one, and the hungry ones got just the same. It 
was certainly equality. I have seen men draw their 
rations, look at the pile, and remark that they could eat 
five times that day's rations, and they could have done 
so. Here was equality. The general didn't get any 
more than the lieutenant. There was no excuse for 
such meanness, and many died from diseases brought 
on from the want of sufficient food. 

At the time this reduction in rations took place I 
suppose that the prison had the largest and happiest 
army of rats on the face of the earth. Great, big, fat 
fellows, who had been rolling in luxury on crusts and 
bones. But soon they began to disappear. They never 
deserted, nor were they ever paroled, but they never 
regained their liberty. The boys said they ate fine; 
I can't say it. But this was not the worst of our trou- 
bles. That prison, like a street car, seemed never to 
get full. When I reached there I think about fifteen 
hundred were in the prison. They continued to come, 
and when I left, except those who went out in boxes 
to the graveyard, there were about twenty-seven hun- 
dred men in the prison There was one of these build- 
ings. Block No. 13, known as the "boar's nest." When 
a prisoner could not get a place in any of the other 
blocks, he had to betake himself to the "boar's nest," 
which building consisted, as T recollect, of four rooms 
about fifty feet long and twenty feet wide; and when 
I left there, in March. 1865, there were not less than 
twenty-seven hundred in this prison, and not less than 
three hundred and fifty in this "boar's nest," which 



was a living, sweltering, stifling lot of humanity. They 
had to cook, eat, and sleep in that building. In the 
winter of 1864-65 smallpox broke out in this building. 
There were no pesthouses inside of this prison, and 
when we asked that these smallpox patients be taken 
elsewhere, we were informed that we could take care 
of them ourselves, as there was no pesthousc on the 
island. This is one time that Providence seemed to 
have smiled on the unfortunate, for, according to my 
recollection, only about ten or twelve were affected 
with the disease, and only two or three died. I have 
interrogated others, whom I left there, as I said before, 
in March, 1865, and they all tell me that the conditions 
in that prison never changed for the better. I hope 
never again to see that miserable place. The black 
hole of Calcutta possibly was worse, but Anderson- 
ville could not have been as bad. 



Mississippiants at the Wilderness. — Capt. T. C. 
Holliday, of Aberdeen, Miss., a staff officer to Gen. 
Davis, was killed while bearing a message across 
the battlefield during the desperate engagement in the 
Wilderness (Virginia) May 6, 1864. Capt. Holliday 
was conspicuous for gallantry during the entire en- 
gagement, and his fall was deeply regretted by all 
who knew him, as he was a general favorite. He de- 
livered the message intrusted to him as he fell from 
his horse. Inspired by his sublime courage, those 
brave soldiers again rushed into battle, reenforcing 
the right and driving the enemy before them as they 
shouted "Tom Holliday." Gen. Davis, being absent 
at Richmond, Col. John M. Stone commanded the 
brigade, and retook, on the second day of the battle, 
a position from which he had been driven the day be- 
fore. The Second Mississippi Regiment, commanded 
by Capt. Thomas J. Crawford, of Pontotoc, lost over 
half its numbers, and Col. Stone himself, although se- 
verely wounded, refused to leave the field, and it is 
said that he burst into tears as he looked over the field 
on the bodies of his fallen comrades. After the bat- 
tle Gen. Hill rode up and saluted Col. Stone, saying: 
"Col. Stone, you have won laurels to-day. I hope 
soon to see you a major general." To which the mod- 
est Stone replied: "Gen. Hill. I have only done mj 
duty, and if you have any compliments to bestow, 
give them to these men standing here and their com- 
rades left on the field ; they did the fighting, and they 
deserve the 'laurels.' " 

Veterans at Colusa, Cal. — A few gentlemen acci- 
dentally met on the street and began to talk of the 
past. They were all Confederate veterans, and one 
of them said : "Why cannot we have a Camp here — 
a place to gather around the altar of the past — and 
talk over old times." 

Good soldiers of all lands love to grow reminiscent 
as age advances, so the proposition was accepted, and 
the social crowd voted that T. L. Singleton should 
become Chairman, and arrangements be made imme- 
diately for a Cm, if, derate Veterans' Association like 
those in Fresno, Los An md San Francisco. 

Those presenl were T. L. Jackson. W. T. Beville. 
J. B. Moore. J. F. Rich. John T. Harrington, John 
R. Terrill, T. L. Singleton, and R. T. Powell. 

Many others are entitled to this brotherhood, but 
were not at the impromptu meeting. 



) ) 



Qopfederate l/eterai), 



ABOUT THE BATTLE OF NEW HOPE CHURCH. 
W. R. Campbell, of the Fourth Louisiana, writes 
from Rogillioville, La., 1-ebruary 22, 1901 : 

Being an ardent admirer of the Veteran, 1 fre- 
quently peruse back numbers with great interest. 1 
wish to correct an error of Comrade B. L. Ridley in 
the Veteran of September, 1897, concerning the bat- 
tle of New Hope Church in the Georgia campaign. 
Comrade Ridley gives a correct statement of the bat- 
tle of May 25, 1864, but is in serious error as to the 
command that did such terrific execution on the 27th. 
Gen. \\ . A. Quarles's Brigade, consisting of the 
Fourth and Thirtieth Louisiana, Forty-Second, For- 
ty-Eighth, Forty-Ninth, Fifty-TTiird, and Fifty-Fifth 
Tennessee Regiments, had been on garrison duty in 
and around Mobile and along the Gulf coast, but was 
rushed "it t.> reenforce < Jen. J. E. Johnston's army. 
^ The brigade disembarked from the cars at Marietta, 
Ga., on the evening of May 26, and marched imme- 
diately to New Hope Church, twenty-eight miles dis- 
tant. The command arrived in the morning as day 
was breaking. The brigade lay in reserve just behind 
the lines at the church, and rested until late in the 
evening of the 27th, when it was moved rapidly to 
the right, some four miles, when it was halted and 
fronted in line of battle. We heard light skirmishing 
in front by the cavalry, and were kept in line of battle 
until dark, when we moved forward, all the brigade 
except the Fourth Louisiana being moved to our left. 
We advanced across a field some three hundred yards, 
then into a thicket of undergrowth, where the land 
had been cleared a year or two previous, and from 
that into a dense skirt of woods, when a perfect hail- 
storm of bullets cut through the limbs over our heads. 
Suddenly the firing ceased. We passed the cavalry 
pickets, and very soon we struck the Yankee line, 
which lay in ambush behind a hedgerow. They rose 
and poured a crashing volley in our faces at not more 
than fifteen paces ; but, strange to say, they shot high 
and did very little damage. We returned the fire and 
charged, advancing with a yell up a hill. They still 
shot over us, and the elevation was just enough for 
our fire to be very effective. We forced them back 
some two hundred or three hundred yards, and re- 
covered the lines where they were forcing the cavalry 
back, and then lay in line of battle on the field until 
about 1 a.m., the 28th, when Granbury's and Lowery's 
Brigades relieved us, and we moved back a short dis- 
tance, and got some much needed sleep, having had 
no rest for three days previous. The Fourth Louis- 
iana went into action that night with seven hundred 
and sixty muskets, and very near a full line of officers. 
When daylight came, being refreshed and rested, a 
great many of the boys went out in front, where we 
fought the night before, and found the ground literally 
strewn with dead and wounded Federal soldiers. 
There was fully one-third more on the field than we 
carried in action, due to our fighting them up the 
hill and their overshooting. Our casualties were ex- 
ceedingly small, only twenty-five. Just two months 
afterwards I was severely wounded, and languished 
many months in hospital, and did not see my regi- 
ment again till March, 1865, when I hobbled into 
camp at Mobile, Ala., and found sixteen of the regi- 
ment, commanded by a third lieutenant. The Fourth 



and Thirtieth Louisiana were transferred to Gen. R. 
L. Gibson's Louisiana Brigade, July 1, 1864, and re- 
mained with it until the end. 

I am confident that Capt. Ridley is mistaken about 
Granbury's and Lowery's Brigades doing the terrible 
execution mentioned on the 27th of May. 

VIVID RECOLLECTIONS OF SHILOH 

E. B. Carruth. Austin, Tex. : 

In reply to the request of Capt. Moses Irwin, of 
Xew Albany, Ind., let me say that I was on board the 
Woolford with Col. George Soule, Lieut. George M. 
Parker, and Lieut. John Daily, and well remember 
calling the meeting of prisoners, and appointing the 
committee from whom you received the letter sent by 
Col. Bennett H. Young. Col. George Soule still lives 
in New Orleans. I have never heard from Daily or 
Parker. 

The following little sketch may not be amiss : Col. 
Soule and I were captured at Shiloh, Sunday, April 
6, during the first day's fighting. It was my sad fate 
to have been captured by Prentice's Brigade before 
that troop was captured by the Confederates. I was 
at once carried to brigade headquarters, and just as 
the Confederates were coming up on the flank of the 
bluecoats, I was ordered to the rear, with four 
mounted escorts. I myself being mounted, we made 
good time. I heard the order given to "charge front," 
and before we cleared the grounds the Confederate 
bullets were falling around us like hail, but I was not 
recaptured with the brigade. We soon reached the 
big road which leads up and down the Tennessee river 
at the foot of the hill. There were large fields be- 
tween this road and the river. These fields were cov- 
ered with unarmed men as thick as they could stand. 
They were massed under cover of the gunboats that 
lay in the river. The bank of the river is high on the 
south side, and the gunboats were firing at an angle 
near forty-five degrees, and their balls passed over 
both armies. Just as I was nearing Gen. Grant's 
headquarters, I fell in with Col. George Soule, of New 
Orleans, also under an escort. I was relieved of my 
horse, and we were marched up near headquarters, 
when a frisky little officer in blue pranced out in front 
of us, and, saluting with his sword, asked if we were 
Confederate soldiers. "Yes, sir," was the prompt re- 
ply. "Who is in. command of the Confederate forces?" 
"Go and see," said Soule. "Take them on board the 
Hiawatha," was the stern command of the staff offi- 
cer to the guards. This transport was near by in the 
river, and we could see only the smokestacks above 
the bluff bank of the river. So Soule and I with our 
escorts clambered down the river bank and went on 
board the boat. We soon learned that it was a South- 
ern craft that had been pressed into service to trans- 
port arms and ammunition to the Savannah landing. 
The crew were all Southern men. They cautiously 
stepped around and gave us a cordial shake of the 
hand. They were apprised of the excitement that 
prevailed in the Federal ranks, and they were in high 
hopes of being captured by the Confederates. At the 
time we went aboard the Hiawatha, men were hoist- 
ing boxes of guns and ammunition out of the boats 
with ropes, and loading them on army wagons. These 
wagons were driven with a man to each span of mules. 



Qoi>federat(^ l/eterar?. 



167 



and at full gallop, to the front, where the men were 
receiving their arms as fast as they could be handed 
out. It was now late in the afternoon of Sunday, 
April 6. Firing had about ceased. There was noth- 
ing to have hindered the Confederates from taking 
Grant's army — gunboats, transports, and all — if they 
had known it. But our gallant leader, Albert Sidney 
Johnston, had fallen, and that greatest opportunity of 
the war was lost. By the next morning their men 
had been armed, and were in line of battle. Shortly 
after dark the Hiawatha steamed down the river to 
Savannah landing, and we were placed under guard 
in the front of a livery stable. There we stood look- 
ing out of the door at Buell's army passing, regiment 
after regiment, band after band, all night, and by day- 
light this splendid army was in line of battle to con- 
front our depleted forces. Too many men ! Too 
many men ! ejaculated Soule often though the weary 
night. At early dawn the firing commenced. The 
rattle of musketry and the roar of cannon were ter- 
rific for a while. It was soon evident from the reced- 
ing sound that the Confederates were being driven 
back. The battle over, the victory won, we, the pris- 
oners, were placed on board a transport and sent to 
St. Louis for safe-keeping. It was on this trip that 
we held the meeting alluded to above, and passed 
resolutions with respect to the officers and crew of 
the boat. I should be pleased to hear from any sur- 
vivor of these stirring scenes. 



WAS THIS A COINCIDENCE ? 

lion. John l'urifay, Montgomery, Ala.: 
The Jeff Davis Artillery, attached to D. H. Hill's 
Division of Jackson's Corps, was located at Tort 
Royal, some eighteen miles below Fredericksburg, 
\ a., just previous to the battle at the latter place on 
the 13th of December, 1862. Oil the morning of the 
1 2th the division was put in readiness to move to any 
point at which it might be needed. For some time it 
was held, stretched along a road, awaiting orders. 

While in this condition, W. J. Dennis, a member 
of the Jeff Davis Artillery, stopped, and was resting 
with the writer, who greeted him cheerfully, inquiring 
after his health, and Dennis replied : "I am feeling 
rather sad, Jack. 1 had a dream last night which im- 
pressed me very much. I dreamed 1 had been in 
battle and was killed, and in a spirit form was wan- 
dering about in space, when I met John Crosby (an- 
other member of the company), who also seemed to 
be in spirit form, having been killed before I was." 
He related the occurrence of other immaterial mat- 
ters as having taken place. I tried to impress upon 
him that dreams had no significance, and to relieve 
himself of any trouble on that account. 

Now for the sequence. The following day the bat- 
tery was engaged in the battle, and Crosby was struck 
by a solid shot and mashed into a pulp, the shot pass- 
ing entirely through his body as he lay on the ground. 
Dennis's foot was shot off, and several other members 
of the company were wounded. Dennis's leg was 
amputated, and his friends though that the only trou- 
ble with him would be the loss of his foot. But imag- 
ine our surprise when we were informed that he died 
from the effects of his wound on the 19th of January 
following. Then for the first time, after it was re- 



peated, was the dream recalled. Here was an exact 
foreshadowing of coming events. Who can explain 
it? These were the only two deaths in that battle. 

Ihe Jeff Davis Artillery was organized at Selma, 
Ala., in June, 1861, and served throughout the war 
with the Army of Northern Virginia. After the war 
several of the survivors moved to Texas, and perhaps 
some are living in other States. Doubtless many have 
"crossed over the river, and are resting under the 
shade of the trees." The writer is desirous of getting 
in communication with all survivors. 

A recent session of the general assembly of this 
State created a Department of History, and it is my 
purpose to get up a correct roll of the members, and 
write a complete history of the sen-ices of the com- 
pany, with sketches of each member, and file with 
this department. The following survivors were last 
heard of in Texas: M. B. Laski, Henry Gayle, R. P. 
Stuart, John B. Stuart. A. W. Skinner, Ben Skinner, 
W. J. Polk. John \. Logan, J. W. Cox, and W. B. 
Traweek. Perhaps there are others. I shall be glad 
to have the address of any survivor of the company, 
whether his name is mentioned above or not. 



The following letter from Col. E. V. White, Lees- 
burg, Va., who commanded a battalion of cavalry, 
to H. W. Yiers, of Pikesville, Md., gives an interest- 
ing incident of the battle of the Wilderness: 

I had attempted to lead another regiment into the 
charge. Supposing they were following me, I ven- 
tured close to the enemy's lines, and looking around 
found the regiment gone. I turned my horse to the 
rear, and had not gone very far when he was shot under 
me. T was making the best time I could afoot when 
I saw soldiers off on my left, whom I ordered to "rally 
and charge," but there was no charge. You, how- 
ever, came to my rescue, and did as unselfish and gal- 
lant an act as it was my privilege to witness during 
the war, saying to me : "Take my horse, and get out." 
I replied ; "No ; get behind the saddle." This you did, 
and we both got out. The Yankees surely could have 
captured us for they w r ere a very short distance from 
us. and why they did not kill us, God only knows. It 
seemed to me a whole regiment was shooting at us. 
I had my pistol shot out of my hand, one ball grazed 
my tongue, a wound on the side of my face, and two 
or three holes in my hat, but in the providence of God 
you, by your noble devotion and remarkable bravery, 
got me out. 

While I give God the praise of it all, I want you to 
know and your people to know my appreciation — yes, 
my undying remembrance — of your personal bravery 
and service to me. 

That was on May 6, during our fighting in the 
Wilderness. 

\'\i (jabi 1 Painting Given to the Government. 
— Early in January, 1901, Dr. Octavious White, of 
New York, presented to the government a painting of 
the "Battle of Fort Moultrie," executed in 1815 by his 
father, John Blake White, one of the earliest American 
historical artists. This painting, long lost to view, was 
recently found in excellent preservation. Dr. White 
has given three of his father's pictures to the govern- 
ment. 



168 



Confederate l/eterar? 




J. H. KbAGAN. 



THAT HAMPTON ROADS CONFERENCE 

Hon. John H. Reagan, ex-Postmaster General, C. 
S. A., writes from Austin, Tex., April 3, 1901 : 

Some one whose name is not given, in a communi- 
cation dated March 18, has inclosed to me from At- 
lanta, Ga., what purports to be an account written by 
Dr. R. J. Massey of an interview 
between himself and Vice Presi- 
dent Stephens, during the month 
of April, 1865, in which expres- 
sions are attributed to Mr. Ste- 
phens of so extraordinary a char- 
acter as to make a statement as 
to the real facts, about which he 
is made to speak, necessary for 
two reasons : one in vindication 
of the truth of history, and the 
other to protect the good name 
and character for truth of Vice President Stephens. 

The person who sent me Dr. Massey's paper speaks 
of him as a "physician of about forty years standing, 
and an elegant old gentleman." His high character 
and standing makes it the more important that the 
errors to which he gives publicity should be corrected. 

On the 28th day of January, 1865, President Davis 
appointed Vice President Stephens, R. M. T. Hunter, 
a Confederate Senator, and Judge John A. Campbell, 
Assistant Secretary of War, as commissioners for an 
informal conference with the Federal authorities. 
They met President Lincoln and Secretary Seward, 
acting for the United States, in conference at Hamp- 
ton Roads on the 3d day of February, 1865. 

In Dr. Massey's paper Mr. Stephens states : 

"After the usual salutations and a few compliments, 
we went to business. Mr. Lincoln drew from his 
pocket a sheet of paper about two feet long, and held 
it up to the wall and said : 'Gentlemen, let me write the 
word "Union." The Union must be preserved, and 
you may fill the balance of this sheet with your own 
terms.' Several points were then discussed. , He pro- 
posed that all men in arms might return home un- 
molested, and every Southerner shall have a full and 
unconditional pardon for any and every crime that he 
may have committed against the United States ; all 
rights shall be restored to everybody; no trials for 
treason, or any other crime, and that all slaves at that 
time in bondage shall remain so; but a bill wall be 
immediately introduced in Congress for the gradual 
emancipation, and every slaveholder shall have fair ami 
liberal compensation for every slave so emancipated." 

Did President Lincoln make such a statement at the 
Hampton Roads Conference? Let us see if it is pos- 
sible that he could have made such a statement. In 
his annual message to Congress, December 5, 1864, 
President Lincoln said : 

"At the last session of Congress a proposed amend- 
ment of the Constitution abolishing slavery through- 
out the United States passed the Senate, but failed for 
lack of the requisite two-thirds vote in the House of 
Representatives. Although the present is the same 
Congress, and nearly the same members, and without 
questioning the wisdom or patriotism of those who 
stood in opposition, I venture to recommend the re- 
consideration and passage of the measure at the pres- 
ent session. Of course the abstract question is not 



changed ; but an intervening election shows, almost 
certainly, that the next Congress will pass the measure 
if this does not. Hence there is only a question of 
time as to when the proposed amendment will go to 
the States for their action. And as it is to so go, at 
all events, may we not agree that the sooner the 
better?" 

He thus favored abolishing slavery throughout the 
Union, without compensation, less than two months 
before the Hampton Roads Conference. 

In the same message he said : 

"In presenting the abandonment of armed resist- 
ance to the national authority on the part of the in- 
surgents, as the only indispensable condition to end- 
ing the war on the part of the government, I retract 
nothing heretofore said as to slavery. I repeat the 
declaration made a year ago, that 'while I remain in 
my present position I shall not attempt to retract or 
modify the emancipation proclamation, nor shall I re- 
turn to slavery any person who is free by the terms 
of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Con- 
gress.' If the people should, by whatever mode or 
means, make it an executive duty to reenslave such 
persons, another, and not I, must be their instrument 
to perform it." 

Nothing is here said about compensation. 

In his Emancipation Proclamation of September 22, 

1862, President Lincoln said: 

"That, on the 1st day of January, in the year of our 
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all 
persons held as slaves within any State or designated 
part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in 
rebellion against the United States, shall be then, 
thenceforward, and forever free ; and the executive 
government of the United States, including the mil- 
itary and naval authority thereof, will recognize and 
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no 
act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, 
in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom." 

This of course covered the whole South, and noth- 
ing is said here about compensation. 

In his Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 

1863, he said: 

"By virtue of the power in me vested as commander 
in chief of the army and navy of the United States, in 
time of actual armed rebellion against the authority 
and government of the United States, and as a fit and 
necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, 
I do, on this the first day of January, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, 
and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly 
proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days 
from the day first above mentioned, order and desig- 
nate as the States and parts of States, wherein the peo- 
ple thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion 
against the United States, the following, to wit: . . . 

"And by virtue of the power and for the purpose 
aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held 
as slaves within said designated States and parts of 
States are, and henceforward shall be, free ; and that 
the executive government of the United States, in- 
cluding the military and naval authorities thereof, will 
recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons." 

This covered the whole South, and nothing is said 
in this about compensation. 

On the 31st of January, 1865, two days before the 



Confederate l/eterai). 



169 



meeting of the Hampton Roads Conference, Congress 
finally passed the joint resolution to abolish slavery 
throughout the United States. No compensation. 

On the ioth of February, 1865, President Lincoln, 
in response to a resolution adopted by the House of 
Representatives, calling for information about the 
Hampton Roads Conference, speaking for himself and 
Secretary Seward, said : 

"On our part, the whole substance of the instruc- 
tions to the Secretary of State, herein before recited, 
was stated and insisted upon, and nothing was said 
inconsistent therewith." 

In giving those instructions to Secretary Seward, to 
govern him in the Hampton Roads Conference, on 
the 21st of January, 1865, President Lincoln, among 
other things, said : 

"2. No receding, by the Executive of the United 
States, on the slavery question, from the position as- 
sumed thereon in the late annual message to Congress, 
and in preceding documents." 

You have seen what he said in that message and 
in his two Emancipation Proclamations. Tn the face 
of the foregoing facts could President Lincoln have 
used the language attributed to him in Dr. Massey's 
paper? 

The Confederate commissioners at the Hampton 
Roads Conference, making their report to President 
Davis on the 5th of February, 
1865, as to what occurred in thai 
conference, said in part as follow s 
"We learned from them (Presi 
dent Lincoln and Secretary Se 
ward) that the message of Presi- 
dent Lincoln to the Congress of 
the United States, in December 
last, explains clearly and distinct 
ly his sentiments as to the terms. 
conditions, and methods of pro- 
ceeding by which peace can be 
secured to the people, and we wen- nol informed 
that they would be modified or altered to obtain that 
end. We understand from him that no terms or pro- 
posals of any treaty or agreement looking to an ulti- 
mate settlement would be entertained or made by him 
with the Confederate States, because that would be 
a recognition of their existence as a separate power. 
which, under no circumstances, would be .lone: and 
for like reasons that no such terms would be enter- 
tained by him from the States separately; that no ex- 
tended truce or armistice (as at present advised) would 
be granted, without a satisfactory assurance in ad- 
vance of the complete restoration of the authority of 
the United States over all places within the States of 
the Confederacy. 

"That whatever consequence may follow from the 
reestablishment of thai authority must be accepted - 
but thai individuals subject to pains and penalties un- 
der the laws of the United States might rely upon a 
very liberal use of the power confided to him to re- 
mit those pains and penalties it peace be restored. 

" I luring the conference the pi 1 »p >sed amendment to 
the Constitution of the United States, adopted by Con- 
gress on the 31st ultimo, was brought to our notice. 
This amendment declares that neither slavery nor in- 
voluntary servitude, except for crimes, should exist 
within the United States, or any place within their 




JEFPEKMIN DAVIS. 



jurisdiction, and that Congress should have power to 
enforce this amendment by appropriate legislation." 

This report was signed by Vice President Stephens, 
along with the Hon. R. M. T. Hunter and Judge 
Campbell. 

On the 6th of February, 1865, President Davis, in 
communicating that report to the Confederate Con- 
gress, said : 

"I herewith transmit, for the information of Con- 
gress, the report of the eminent citizens above named 
showing that the enemy refused to enter into neg 
tions with the Confederate States, or any one of them 

ately, or to give to our people any other I 
or guarantees than those which the conqueror may 
grant, or permit us to have peace on any other basis 
than our unconditional submission to their rule." 

On the 7th of February, 1865, four days after the 
Hampton Roads meeting, Mr. Seward, Secretai 
State of the United States, wrote to the Hon. Charles 
Francis Adams, the United States Minister to Great 
Britain, giving a detailed acount of what took place at 
that Conference. In that paper he said : 

"This suggestion, though deliberately considered, 
was nevertheless regarded by the President as one of 
armistice or truce, and he announced that we can agree 
to no cessation or suspension of hostilities, except on 
the basis of the disbandment of the insurgent forces, 
and the restoration of the national authority through- 
out all the States in the Union. Collaterally, and in 
subordination to the proposition which was thus an- 
nounced, the anti-slavery policy of the United States 
was reviewed in all its bearings, and the President 
announced that he must not be expected to depart 
from the positions he hail heretofore assumed in his 
proclamation of emancipation and other documents, 
as these positions were reiterated in his last annual 
message. It was further declared by the President 
that the complete restoration of the national authority 
everywhere was an indispensable condition of any as- 
sent on our part to whatever form of peace might be 
proposed. The President assured the other party that, 
while he must adhere to these positions, ne would be 
prepared, so far is power is lodged with the Execu- 
tive, to exercise liberality. His power, however, is 
limited by the Constitution, and when peace should 
he made Congress must necessarily act in regard to 
appropriations of money and to the admission of rep- 
resentatives from the insurrectionary Stales The 
Richmond party was then informed that Congress had, 
on the Jtst ultimo, adopted by a constitutional major- 
ity a joint resolution submitting to the several States 
the proposition to abolish slavery throughout the 
United States, and that there is every reason to ex- 
pect thai 11 will l>e soon accepted by three-fourths of 
-Mies, so as to become a part of the national or- 
ganic law." 

In the face of the foregoing official facts can any 
■ liable person believe it to be possible that Presi- 
dent Lincoln made such a statement to Vice Presi- 
dent Stephens as that attributed to him in Dr. Mas- 
sey's paper? The whole story must be an unwarrant- 
ed assumption. Mr. Lincoln would not, in the face 
of his own record, of the action of Congress, and of 
the impassioned condition of public feeling in the 
United Slates, have dared to make such a proposition. 
Mr. Stephens in his book, "The War between the 
States," page 617 and following, gives an account of 



170 



Confederate l/eterar) 



A. H .NTKPHKNS. 



what occurred in the Hampton Roads Conference. 
He makes no such statement as /"' \, v 

that attributed to him by Dr. Mas- ^0***. 

M-y. but, on the contrary, shows / .^^^^ 
that the Confederates could get / ifc^t^ \ 
no terms but unconditional sur- [ k r 
render. Can it be believed that if |jy 
such an offer had been made he 
would, in his historical account of 
what occurred, have omitted it. 
and have, in substance, stated the 
opposite to it ? 

Judge Campbell, another mem- 
ber of the Confederate Commission, in giving his ac- 
count of what occurred at that Conference, in a paper 
which was in the possession of Ex-United States Sen- 
ator Fitzpatrick. of Alabama, and which was after- 
wards published in The Land We Love magazine, makes 
no mention of such an incident as that described in 
Dr. Massey's paper ; but. on the contrary, he shows 
distinctly that nothing was promised by either Presi- 
dent Lincoln or Secretary Seward ; that no guarantees 
would be given, but that the South must cease hostil- 
ities and trust to clemency. 

On the night of the return of Mr. Stephens to Rich- 
mond from that conference, it is stated on good au- 
thority that he told the Hon. James L. Orr, a Con- 
federate Senator from South Carolina, that the Hamp- 
ton Roads Conference was "fruitless and hopeless, be- 
cause Mr. Lincoln offered the Confederacy nothing 
but unconditional submission." 

In a letter which the late Hon. F. B. Sexton, a rep- 
resentative in the Confederate Congress, wrote to me 
he says that Mr. Stephens, on his return from Hamp- 
ton Roads, told him that Mr. Lincoln offered nothing 
but unconditional submission. 

An account of a controversy which took place be- 
tween Judge Wallace, of San Augustine, Tex., and my- 
self, a few years after the war, Judge Wallace assert- 
ing and I denying that an offer of $400,000,000 was 
made by President Lincoln to the Confederate Com- 
missioners if the Confederates would abandon the war 
and come into the Union, attracted the attention of 
Col. Stephen W. Blount, who lived in the same town 
with Judge Wallace, and he, being an old-time friend 
of Mr. Stephens, wrote to him asking for the truth as 
to this. Mr. Stephens wrote him that "the statement 
was untrue ;" that "the only element in reference to 
the slave payment was so mixed and infused with false- 
hood as to make the entire assertion false." 

I thus offer the authentic record of what occurred 
at the Hampton Roads Conference, and Mr. Stephens's 
own several statements in signing the report of the 
Confederate Commissioners of the result of that Con- 
ference , in his history of the "War between the 
States," his statement to Senator Orr, his statement 
to Col. Sexton, and his letter to Col. Blount, the state- 
ment of President Lincoln, of Secretary Seward, and 
of Judge Campbell, formerly a justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, as evidence of the inaccu- 
racy of the statement attributed by Dr. Massey and 
others to Mr. Stephens. 

I add that at the last annual reunion of the Con- 
federate Veterans Association, at Louisville, Ky., in 
June last, the Committee on History, with Gen. Ste- 
phen D. Lee as its Chairman, having had their atten- 



tion called to the discussion of the question about the 
offers made by Mr. Lincoln to pay for the slaves if 
that would end the war and restore the Union, made 
a full investigation of the question, and reported that 
there was no shadow of foundation for any such state- 
ment. 

The foregoing facts dispose of the statement attrib- 
uted to Vice President Stephens, in which he is made 
to say that President Lincoln proposed, in substance, 
if the Union could he preserved, "that all men in arms 
might return to their homes unmolested, and every 
Southerner shall have an unconditional pardon for any 
and every crime that he may have committed against 
the United States ; all rights shall be restored to every- 
body, no trials for treason, or any other crime; that 
all slaves that at that time are in bondage shall remain 
so; but a bill will be immediately introduced in Con- 
gress for the gradual emancipation, and every slave- 
holder shall have fair and liberal compensation for ev- 
ery slave so emancipated." Could anything be farther 
from the real truth, as shown by the foregoing facts? 

If any man ever needed to be protected from his 
supposed friends, it is Mr. Stephens. If they could 
induce the public to believe these representations in 
this respect, the effect would be to injure the charac- 
ter of Mr. Stephens for truth and veracity. The public 
will doubtless accept such facts as are herein stated, 
rather than the recollections of any man, however re- 
spectable, depending on his memory after the lapse of 
thrity-six years. 

I knew Vice President Stephens well, served with 
him four years in the House of Representatives of the 
United States before the war, was associated with him 
more or less during the war, we were fellow-prisoners 
in Fort Warren after the war, and we served several 
sessions together in the United States House of Rep- 
resentatives after the war. While our views were not 
always in accord about the conduct of the war, I al- 
ways had the greatest respect for his ability, his patri- 
otism, and his exceptionally fine character as a man ; 
and it pains me to have seen the efforts which have 
been made to put him in a false position, and to falsify 
the facts of history in a matter in which he was an 
actor, and all, as I believe, as a means of trying to 
bring discredit on the Confederate government and 
tin ise who administered it. 

Most of the principal actors in the war between the 
States have passed to their final account. So far as 
relates to the heroes and martyrs on the Confederate 
side, civil and military, in one of the greatest wars 
known to history, I think it can be truthfully said, as 
to both those in civil and military life, that braver, 
more patriotic, more self-sacrificing men and women 
never gave their services, their fortunes, and their lives 
to the great cause of human rights and constitutional 
government, and it is pitiable to see persons of 
later days, some of whom took no part in that struggle 
and made no sacrifices for that cause, busying them- 
selves in finding fault with and in criticising the noble 
men who did so much and suffered so much for it. 

In his letter to the Veteran 1 from Austin, Gen. 
Reagan states : "So much has been said in Georgia 
and elsewhere, especially in Georgia, on the same line 
that I thought it necessary to put a quietus to such 
falsehoods and perversions of history." 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



171 



MONUMENT TO GEN. ASHBY. 

Miss Mary Calhoun, of Liberty, Mo., sent the Vet- 
eran a picture of the Ashby monument with the fol- 
lowing account : 

On the spot where Gen. Turner Ashby received his 
death wound this monument has been erected in lov- 
ing memory of him by the Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy of Harrisonburg, Va. The spot is about two 
miles southeast of Harrisonburg, and the place is high. 
To the east stretch the Massanutta Mountains, while 
far to the west the Alleghanies can be seen. Such was 
the crowd on the day of the unveiling that when the 
first carriage was halted in front of the monument 
others were still leaving the town. I copy a sketch 
of the last charge of Ashby from Mr, Davis's "Rise 
and Fall of the Confederate Government:" "1. caving 
Strasburg on the evening of June i, 1862, Jackson 
continued to march up the Shenandoah Valley. Fre- 
mont followed in pursuit, while Shields moved up the 
Valley via Luray, Va., in order to reach New Market 
in front of Jackson. On the morning of June 5 lack 
son reached Harrisonburg, and went bevond the town 
toward Port Republic. Gen. Ashbj had destroyed all 
the bridges between Front Royal and Tort Republic 
to prevent Shields from crossing the Shenandoah to 
join Fremont. Early on June 6 Fremont's reenforced 
cavalry attacked our rear guard under Gen. Ashby 
After a sharp conflict the enemy was repulsed, and 
Col. Percy Wyndham, commanding a brigade, was 
captured, also sixty-three others. Gen. Ashby, who 
was stationed between Port Republic and Harrison- 
burg after the combat, saw indications of more serious 
trouble. lie sent a message to Ewell informing him 
that cavalry, supported by infantry, was advancing 
upon his position. The Fifty-Eighth Virginia and 
First Maryland Regiments were sent to support him. 
Ashby led the Fifty-Eighth Virginia to attack the 
enemy, who were under cover of a fence, lien. Ewell 
in the meantime had arrived, and, seeing the enemy's 
advantage in position, directed Col. Johnson to move 
his regiment so as to approach the flank instead of the 
front of the enemy, and he was driven from the field 
with heavy loss. Our loss was seventeen killed, fifty 
wounded, and three missing. Here fell the stainless, 
fearless cavalier. Gen. Turner Ashby. of whom Gen. 
Jackson in his report, thus forcibly speaks: 'As a par- 







MONUMKNT WI1F.RF. GEN. ASHBY FELL. 



VIEW FROM THE A-- 1 I I: \ MOM I Ml NT. 

tisan officer 1 never knew his superior. His daring 
was proverbial, bis powers of endurance almost in- 
credible, his tone of character heroic, and his sagacity 
almost intuitive in divining the purpose and move 
ments of the enemy.' " 

Mr. ( ltarlc> Brock, now living at Lacey Spring. \ a., 

and a cousin of my mother, was at (len. Ashbv's side 

when he fell, and helped to carry him off the field. 

( m the face of the monument is this inscription: 

< 11. neral Turner Ashby, 

Killed on this Spot 

June 6, 1862, 

Gallantly leading a i h irgb. 

ASHBY'S MEN IN REAR OF THE ENEMY. 

( omrade T. J. Young, of Austin, Ark., writes : 

Histor) does not record the important part accom- 
plished b) Ashby's old brigade of cavalry at the bat- 
tle of Chancellorsville. I will endeavor to tell what 
it did in the latter part of April, 1863. The brigade 
was commanded by Brig. Gen. William E. Jones, and 
camped near New Market, in the Shenandoah Valley. 
Va. 

In anticipation of the great battle which was soon 
to come off at Chancellorsville, it was deemed neces- 
sary to make a raid on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad 
in West \ irginia, and keep it torn up during the bat- 
tle in order to prevent reinforcements from being sent 
to Hooker from the west. This brigade at that time 
was compose] of the following regiments and battal- 
ions : Seventh Virginia, Ashby's old regiment ; Elev- 
enth and Twelfth Regiments of Virginia Cavalry ; 
\\ itchcr's Virginia Battalion; and Maryland Battalion 
— all cavalry. 

After crossing the North Mountains we came to 
Petersburg, a small town on the south branch of the 
Potomac, in Hardy County, W. Va. ( hving to a heavy 
rain the river was swollen, and we had to swim our 
horses across, at which time one man was drowned. 
After crossing the river we went to Greenland Pass, 
where we encountered a company of Federal infantry, 
who were quartered in an old log church. They had 
knocked the chinking out, which served them as port- 
holes. The Seventh Regiment in front was ordered 
to charge past the church, which we did, the Federals 
firing at us. Col. R. H. Dulaney was wounded in 
this charge, and several were killed and wounded out 
of the regiment. Owing to the narrow passage 
through the mountains, we had them cut off after we 
had passed the church, and the rest of the command 



172 



Confederate l/eteran. 



soon surrounded them. As we had no artillery, the 
difficulty now was to get them out of the church. A 
detail of men tied up bundles of hay, which they rolled 
in front of them until they reached the church. Then 
they set the hay on fire, and in a few minutes the 
Federals came out and hoisted a white flag. There 
were just eighty of them. After we made a detail to 
carry the prisoners back, we resumed our march. 
Nothing of importance occurred until we reached 
Rollsburg, Md., on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. 
At this point we encountered a garrison of Federals. 
After capturing them we proceeded to destroy the 
high trestle work which was located there. We then 
resumed our march north to Monganton, in Preston 
County, W. Va. Mere we crossed the Monongalia 
river on a suspension bridge, and went to Fairmount, 
in Monongalia County, W. Va., where we encoun- 
tered about two regiments of Federal infantry, who 
surrendered after a sharp engagement of about one 
hour. We destroyed their commissary stores and the 
railroad bridge. After paroling the prisoners, we went 
to Bridgeport, where we captured another garrison. 
We paroled the prisoners and tore up the railroad. 
The Federals were working the oil wells when we 
reached Wirt County, in the coal regions, and we 
opened the tanks and turned the oil into the river, 
where we set it on fire, and soon had a blaze that was 
beautiful to witness. From here we went by way of 
Suttensville to White Sulphur Springs, then back to 
our starting point, the Shenandoah Valley. I think we 
were gone on this raid about thirty days. 



STORY OF "OLD MAN HENRY" AND HIS CHILD, 

Judge M. D. Wood, of Bristol, Va., is reported by 
a Chattanooga Times reporter, in connection with oc- 
cupants of the Henry House, Manassas battlefield : 

At the second battle of Manassas the Henry House 
was a strategic point around which much hard fight- 
ing was done. Old man Henry was near-sighted, and 
wore a peculiar pair of spectacles with a green glass 
flap on the outside of either eye. About 1858 he taught 
school at Estellville, in Scott County, Va. As a small 
boy I attended his school. In 1862 I was in Stonewall 
Jackson's corps as a soldier. Just before the battle 
opened the regiment to which I belonged was halted 
about twenty yards in front of the Henry House. Sole 
Fanning, a comrade, though from a different county 
and in a different company, came to me and said : "Old 
man Henry wants to see you." I walked up to the 
house and spoke to the old man, who was standing on 
the front porch. I asked : "Where is your wife?" He 
called her, and she came out with a baby in her arms. 
The wife was much the younger. Just as I spoke to 
her one of Jackson's couriers galloped up and told Mr. 
Henry and his wife to run for their lives, and pointed 
out the direction they should take. He snatched from 
his wife the baby, which looked to be about six months 
of age. They ran in the direction indicated, and that 
was the last I saw of them. 

About eighteen years ago I read in a newspaper 
an account of the marriage of Miss Ida Henry. The 
account stated that at the second battle of Manassas 
old man Henry and his wife were ordered by a courier 
to run from their homes for their lives. The account 



further stated that they had gone but a little way when 
a shell exploded and killed the old man and his wife. 
In the evening a soldier found the baby uninjured, and 
took it, I think, to the little village of Aldie, and left 
it with a family of good people, who brought up the 
child with great tenderness, and gave her a fine edu- 
cation. I have since lost all trace of her, but would 
certainly like to meet or hear from her, if she is the 
daughter of that old man Henry. 

Gkn. George H. Thomas's Relations to the 
H. — It has often been denied that Gen. George 
H. Thomas, the celebrated Union officer, ever wrote 
to Gov. Letcher avowing his intention to resign from 
the army if Virginia seceded, but the letter found by 
Hon. Joseph T. Lawless, Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, will do much to silence any future discussion. 
The letter by Mr. Lawless, who was searching for it 
as the result of a conversation with Maj. Norman V. 
Randolph, will be a valuable find for historians and 
biographers of Gen. Thomas. It was written from a 
New York hotel, March 12, 1861, and is as follows : 
Hon. John Letcher, Governor of Virginia. 

My Dear Governor: I received yesterday a letter from 
Maj. Gilham, of the Virginia Military Institute, dated 
the 9th instant, in reference to the position of Chief of 
Ordnance of the State, in which he informs me that 
you had requested him "to ask me if I would resign 
from the service, and if so whether that post would be 
acceptable to me." As he requested me to make my 
reply to you direct, I have the honor to state, after 
expressing my most sincere thanks for your very kind 
offer, that it is not my wish to leave the service of 
the United States as long as it is honorable for me to 
remain in it, and therefore as long as my native State 
(Virginia) remains in the Union, it is my purpose to 
remain in the army, unless required to perform duties 
alike repulsive to honor and humanity. 

W. C. Wilkinson, Proffitt, Tex., disagrees with J. M. 
Berry in the October Veteran concerning the com- 
mand of Col. Churchill as being that of the Eighth Ar- 
kansas Regiment. He adds : "If you will read the July, 
1900, Veteran, page 324, you will see that I. N. Wil- 
kinson asserts that T I. Churchill carried out the First 
Arkansas Mounted Rifles. I also know that he was the 
first colonel of the First Arkansas Rifles, for I belonged 
to Company H, of that regiment, which company was 
known as Dardanelle Rangers. This fact can be sub- 
stantiated by Gen. D. H. Reynolds, Lake Village; Ark., 
our last colonel." 

Any one who can do so will confer a favor by send- 
ing to the Veteran a copy of the poem in which these 
two stanzas occur : 

Then fill your glasses, fill them up to the brim; 
We'll drink a deep bumper in honor of him, 
Of dear Johnny Feb, in his jacket of gray, 
Standing guard o'er thoughts of a bygone day. 

O River of Years, thou hast drowned that day ; 
Thy deep-flowing current has borne it away; 
But thy banks still bloom with memories to-night, 
And our toast is to them and to Johnny to-night. 



Qopfederat^ Vecerar? 



173 



Confederate Veteran Camp of New York. — 
On Tuesday, March 26, the Confederate Veteran 
Camp of New York held its monthly meeting at the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel. The names of the following well- 
known gentlemen have recently been added to the list 
of associate members : John P. East, Duncan B. Can- 
non, W. P. Godfrey, Thomas U. Dudley, Jr., Dr. Gess- 
ner Harrison, Eugene Lanier Sykes, Samuel Martin, 
Dr. Alfred B. Tucker, Charles A. Hough. 

It has been proposed that comrades who have not 
yet received the Cross of Honor and desire to do so 
can find an opportunity at the ceremony of decoration 
at the time of the memorial services at Mount Hope, 
in May. 

FLOURISHING l\ C. V. CAMP AT BUFOKD, GA. 

One of the most flourishing Camps of the U. C. 
V. Association is that at Buford, Ga., organized on 
die evening of November 30, 1900. In response to 
the call, a number of the old heroes who followed 
the battle flag of Dixie assembled for the purpose of 
organizing, and under the leadership of Capt. A. J. 
West, of Atlanta, s Commander of the North Georgia 
Brigade, Col. Henry Capers, and other prominent 
Confederates, the organization was perfected, and J. 
E. Cloud, of Buford, was elected Commander. Mr. 
Cloud was a gallant soldier of Company B, Eleventh 
Georgia, Young's Regiment, A. X. Y. lie is one of 
the heroes of Gettysburg and other great battles 
fought by Lee. Lieut. J. F. Espey was elected Vice 
Commander; Col. Henry 1' I apers, Adjutant; Rev. 
Jonas Cain, Chaplain; J, G, Bower, Quartermaster. 




CC IM MAM 'h R |. E. 1 I."l 1) 



The Camp was unanimously named the W. T. Smith, 
which honor was eloquently acknowledged by Senator 
Smith, who was present. 

Tribute to Valor. — In delivering his eloquent ad- 
dress on the Confederate Pension Bill, February 21, 



1901, Senator James E. Wood, of Arkansas, paid a 
manly and loyal tribute to the valor of the brave men 
for whom he was pleading. The man who can, in gen- 
tle and loving memory, retrace the long journey of 
heroism and self-sacrifice that makes the record of the 
Confederacy the most perfect in all history, is the 
man who should plead for the veterans of such a cause, 
and Senator Wood evidenced his loyalty in a forceful 
address. 

Old Flag of the Fourth Confederate Tennes- 
see Infantry. — H. M. Houston, first lieutenant. Com- 
pany F, Woodville, Tenn., writes: "In the beginning 
(if the war the patriotic ladies of Knoxville, Tenn., pre- 
sented to the Fourth Confederate Tennessee Infantry 
a beautiful silk flag. The presentation was made from 
the balcony of the Lamar House, in that city. This 
regiment was commanded by Col. Churchwcll, who 
was succeeded by Col. James McMurray. Under this 
dag we marched to Cumberland Gap, and it served as 
the battle flag throughout the Kentucky campaign. 
It was in the battle of Murfreesboro where it occupied 
the center of Gen. Maney's Brigade, After this battle 
1 special order was read before the army commending 
the bearer of this flag for his gallant conduct on this 
occasion. Under this flag the Fourth Regiment 
marched into the battle of Chickamauga, and in this 
battle I was captured. This flag is now labeled "Fif- 
teenth Tennessee, Col. McMurray." Now, if tin's reg- 
iment, the Fourth Confederate Tennessee Infantry, 
onsolidated with the Fifth after the battle of 
Chickamauga, should the identity of the flag, through 
doing service for the Fifth, be annihilated? In behalf 
of the ladies of Knoxville and the members of the 
Fourth Regiment up to the consolidation, should not 
the Has; be at least labeled "Fourth and Fifth Ten- 
nessee Infantry?" 

Rev. E. C. Faulkner, Monticello. Ark., writes: "At 
the second meeting of our Camp. James A. Jackson, 
No. 1508, we received a number of new members. We 
are now eighty-three strong. We also admitted five 
faithful old colored servants as honorary members. 
- ir masters through the war. When 
sick or wounded they nursed them. They want to go 
to Memphis, and they will go. Some provision ought 
to be mad-; for all such, and a general invitation ex- 
tended to them to attend the great reunion. The 
Brownsville (Tenn.) Camp carried several of their old 
servants to the Nashville reunion, in !&)". and, as the 
boys used to say, they had 'a hog-killing time.' " 



Private Ike Stone ("amp. of Henderson. Tenn., held 
an unusually interesting meeting at the courthouse 
on the 2d of March. The Camp will attend the Mem- 
phis reunion in a body. This Camp was organized 
nearly a vear ago with a membership of about twenty, 
and is steadily growing. The old boys have many 
interesting and laughable incidents to relate. The 
man for whom this Camp was named, Ike Stone, was 
but a private in the ranks, yet be was a brave and gen- 
erous-hearted man. After the struggle was over he 
went back to cultivating the soil, and, although stricken 
with paralysis of his lower limbs, he was a better farm- 
er than many who have full use of all their limbs. 



174 



Qopfederate Veterar?. 




( Hir comrade, who was spared amid the terrible 
carnage of many battles, was stricken down in the 
walks of a peaceful life, but he was always ready, sus- 
tained by his manh courage and bv the trust and faith 



' On farne"s eternal camping ground 
Their silent tents are spread, 
And glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead." 



J. L. THOMPSON. 

Lieut. Lee Thompson, of Forestburg, Tex., reports 
the death of J. Q. Thompson at Moffat, Tex., at the 
age of seventy years. Comrade Thompson was with 
the Third Louisiana Regiment until transferred west of 
the Mississippi river, when he served with a Texas 
regiment until the end. He went through many battles 
"without a scratch." 

HAY CRAWFORD ROLLINS. 

G. R. Christian, Antelope, Tex., reports the death 
on September i of Mr. Hay Crawford Rollins at 
the age of fifty-six years. Comrade Rollins was born 
in Washington County, Ark., and, although quite 
young at the beginning of the war, he cast his lot with 
his noble brothers in fighting for principle. He saw 
active service at the battles of Wilson's Creek, Pea 
Ridge, Iuka, and Corinth, and was taken prisoner at 
Port Hudson. At the close of the war he was sta- 
tioned at Marshall, Tex. From that time his home was 
principally in Texas, in which State he married Miss 
Margaret Cook. After 1887 his home was at Antelope. 

W. GAKT JOHNSON. 

From Orlando, Fla., comes the sad news that death 
has claimed Comrade W. Gart Johnson, well known 
to Veteran readers through his excellent contribu- 
tions. He was Adjutant General and Chief of Staff 
of the Third Brigade, Florida Division, U. C. V. Com- 
mander Jewell pays tribute. 

On Saturday, March 9, at 11 140 A.M., he "fell asleep 
in Jesus," and on Sunday following his body was es- 
corted to its last earthly resting place in the Confed- 
erate cemetery by his sorrowing comrades of Camp 
54, U. C. V., who had loved him in life and who honor 
and revere him in death. 

nrade Johnson was born in Mississippi in May, 
1836, and in May, 1861, became a soldier in Com- 
pany C, of the Eighteenth Regiment of Infantry of 
that State. His regiment was part of Barksdale's 
splendid and historic brigade, afterwards Hum- 
phrey's. His war record is that of a faithful and gal- 
lant soldier. Comrade Johnson became captain of his 
company after the battle of Gettysburg, where it lost 
three out of four of its commissioned officers. After 
passing safely through the many terrible battles in 
which his regiment was engaged, he was taken pris- 
oner in September, 1864, and kept on Johnson's Is- 
land until June 15, 1865, when he was paroled and 
returned to his native State. 

In 1 87 1 he was married. His devoted wife and two 
sons survive him. 




\V. GART Johnson. 



of a devout Christian. He faced death when it came 
at last as he had faced it on scores of battlefields — 
calmly, bravely, hopefully. 

As your commander served with Comrade Johnson 
for two years in the same brigade of the Confederate 
army, the ties of love and friendship are knit the 
closer, and make his loss a more personal one. 

CAPT. T. D. GRIFFIS. 

tvlaia Pettus, Elkmont, Ala., writes: 

Capt. T. D. Griffis as citizen and soldier was uni- 
versally esteemed. Of commanding carriage and dis- 
tinguished appearance, he possessed the impressive 
dignity and noble courtesy of a gentleman of the old 
South. His war record, like that of so many of the 
gallant comrades who have "crossed over the river," 
is known only to the few of his company who survive 
him. Yet it is recalled with pride that the boy of sev- 
enteen, who entered the war at his country's first call, 
was faithful to the end. Engaging in some of the hard- 
est-fought battles, he displayed such courage and her- 
oism as to win promotion, and was made captain un- 
der Col. James D. Tillman, and from him received 
words of highest praise. Col. Tillman says of him : 
"I first knew Capt. Griffis as a soldier in the Forty- 
First Tennessee Regiment. I have been with him the 
night before battle and the night after, when the ranks 
were more than decimated ; I have been with him dur- 
ing the long winter months in camp, on muddy roads 
and dark nights on the march ; and for weary months 
in prison on Johnson's Island ; and during the four 
years of war the conduct of this boy just entering man- 
hood was above reproach, his valor as a soldier above 
criticism. In every time and place he was the em- 
bodiment of true patriotism." 

The same nobility of character was exemplified in 
after life. Removing from Lincoln County, Tenn., to 
Elkmont, Ala., he married Mrs. Emma Cole October 
16, 1889; and was a popular and influential citizen. 



Qoofederate Veterag. 



175 



His death occurred suddenly April 5, 1899. His only 
daughter, Emma Mav Grifh's, is the youngest member 
of the Joseph E. Johnston Chapter of the Daughters 
of the Confederacy, Athens, Ala. The affection be- 
tween father and daughter was extraordinary. In his 
death came their first separation, yet she spoke com- 
forting words to her bereaved mother. 

Capt. Griffis's Christian example remains a precious 
heritage. He was a member of the M. E. Church, 
South, and a Mason. His record as a citizen is as 
stainless as his record as soldier is heroic. He is still 
most fondly remembered. 

nu. J. MARION SHIRER. 

Dr. J. M. Shirer died at his home near St. Stephens, 
Berkeley County. N. C, November 29, 1000, in his 
sixty-first year. He was among the first to respond 
to the call of his State for the Confederate army, and 
served as sergeant of the Second Regiment, South I '.u 
olina Cavalry, under Gen, Hampton. He was a true, 
brave, and heroic soldier, a faithful and self-sacrificing 
physician, an affectionate husband and father, and his 
death leaves a void in many hearts. 

CAPT. E. G. W. HERR. 

Capt. Edgar Greene Williams Hen- died recently at 

his home near Shepherds town, W. Ya., having reached 
the ripe age of seventy-two years, lie was a native 
of the vicinity of Williamsport, Md., and went to Jef- 
ferson County, W. Ya.. in early manhood, where he 
always was a useful citizen, lie served his county in 
various capacities, and at the breaking out of the war 
he took his company into the Confederate service. 
This incident illustrates his character in fidelity to 
duty: Several years ago an old gentleman stopped 
('■en. H. Kyd Douglas on the street in Hagerstown, 
Md , accosting him as follows: "I have come to re- 
port. In the spring of 1862, at Winchester, Ya.. you 
got Stonewall Jackson to give me permission and a 
pass to go to Shephcrdstown on a personal matter of 
importance to me. You instructed me to make ob- 
servations, and gave me a positive order to report to 
you immediately on my return what T might find cul 
Before I got back Gen. Jackson had gone up the Val- 
ley, and I was cut off. 1 gol with my command after 
a while in another pari of the State, and I never saw 
you while Stonewall lived. This is the first time 1 
nave met you, and now. after more than thirty-five 
years, I aim ready to report. My name is Heir." 

And standing at guard, the old man touched his hat 
in soldierly salute, and then, with a smile and a h 
shake of the hand, in full enjoyment of the joke, Capt 
Tlerr passed on. He is now off duty forever, and has 
gone to report finally to the high and supreme au- 
thority t<> whom Lee and Jackson. Stuart and Ashbv. 
and others have already reported. 

Ki U'.ERT v. GRIFFIS. 
J. N. Grigsby, Italy, Tex., writes of his lifelong 
friend and comrade, Robert V. Griffis, who was born 
May 15, 1836, near Lynnville, Tenn. He states: 

Early in life a widowed mother and two sisters were 
left to his care, and duty to them was well performed. 



When the war began he enlisted in Company B, of 
the Third Tennessee Regiment, C. S. A. He \ 
camp for a few months at Camp Cheatham, Camp 
Trousdale, and at Bowling Green. His first battle was 
at Fort Donelson. In his diary he gave minute ac- 
counts of every move by the Third Tennessee Regi- 
ment, followed by that of his capture, then travels to 
a Northern prison, and the hardships incident to prison 
lfie. Also of his exchange and return to the South in 
the autumn of 1862. 

In the reorganization of the regiment Mr. Griffis 
was elected orderly -ergeant of Company P.. "Duty 
before pleasure" and "Always at your post" were his 
mottoes. Gen. John C. Brown was once heard to say 
that if all the soldiers were like Scrgt. Griffis the 
world could not conquer the Confederate army. In 
,iil, of Raymond. Miss.. May 12, 1863. the writer 
and Mr ( ririffis were -hot within a few minutes of each 
other. His was a hail wound in the face, but good 
health and determination soon enabled him to be at 
his post. Afterwards, wherever the fortunes of war car- 
vied the Third Tennessi as in the thickest of the 
fight. lie was seriously wounded live times, his body 
being lacerated by bullets His diary is so time-worn 
thai particulars of the last service are lost, but I think 
he was captured and carried to prison the second time. 
A truer, nobler soldier never went on the battlefield. 
Me was modesl as a woman and fearless asaNapoleon, 



REV. W. E. HILL. 

\ special committee was appointed by the Tin 
1 1. Woods Camp, of I >eKalb,Miss.,to prepare a sketch 
of Rev. W. E. Hill, from which extracts are made: 

Born in Roanoke County. Ya.. M.o 27, [837. His 
ancestors were of worthy families in the < >ld 1 kwninion; 
they were loyal and patriotic citizen-. His progen- 
itors shared in the pri- 
ns, the sufferings, 
and the honors of the 
revolutionary struggle. 
Mis school days were 
passed mainly at Hol- 
lins Institute, where he 
made rapid progress v.t 
his studies. He was 




finishing a military 
course al Lexington, 
\ 1 under the immor- 
tal (Stonewall) Jackson 
when the war bi 
He enlisted al one,, 
md was -iHi 10 the 
Western Army. In the 
battle of Shiloh he wa 

,-, , , KEV. W. E. HILL. 

ever 111 front until dan- 

gerouslv wounded. After his recovery he was back 
with his command, as fearless and gallant as evei He 
was much of the time on Gen. Wheeler'- staff, and in 
the perilous enterprises in which he was engaged ac- 
quit led himself most gallantly. After the war he took 
up the standard of Christ, and bore it unstained 
throughout the remainder of his life. He was happily 
married to Miss Jennie I'itzer, of Covington, Va,, in 
October, 1869, who survives him with four daughters. 



176 



Qopfederate l/eterap, 



CAPT. JOHN .RANDOLPH ERWIN. 

There answered to the last roll call on March 19, 
1901, Capt. John Randolph Erwin, the adjutant of 
Mecklenburg Camp, No. 382, U. C. V. He was a 
loyal friend, a devoted husband, a kind father, and 
one of the bravest of Confederate soldiers. 

John Randolph Erwin was born in York County, 
S. C, August I, 1838; but at an early age his family 
moved to Steele Creek Township, Mecklenburg 
County, N. C, and this county Capt. Erwin always 
considered his home. 

When war was declared between the North and 
South Capt. Erwin enlisted in the noted Ranaleburg 
Rifles, and was thereupon made first lieutenant of the 
company. The captain of this company was wounded, 
and Capt. Erwin took charge of the men. He was 
tendered the position of major of the Thirteenth 
North Carolina Regiment, but, owing to the entreaties 
of his company, he declined it, and remained with 
them. 

Capt. Erwin served with distinction through the 
war, and won an enviable reputation for couraee and 
fidelity. 

In 1862 Capt. Erwin left the Ranaleburg Rifles and 
enlisted in the Fifth North Carolina Cavalry. After 
the bloody battle of Chamberlain Run his superior of- 
ficers being wounded or killed, he was in charge of this 
regiment. He did not, however, surrender his men, 
but brought them safely back to North Carolina, and 
in Charlotte received an order from the Secretary of 
War to disband them. 

Capt. Erwin was lovingly laid to rest in the old cem- 
etery in Steele Creek Township, clothed in his Confed- 
erate uniform, in a coffin of Confederate gray, and with 
laurel wreaths and the sacred flag of the Confederacy 
above, there to rest until God shall judge us, and show 
the justice of the cause for which he fought. 

R. w. JONES. 

R. W. Jones died on March 5 at his home in Win- 
chester, Ky. He was a member of Company B, Thir- 
teenth Regiment of Virginia Cavalry, Beale's Brigade, 
W. H. F. Lee's Division. He was always at his post 
of duty until captured at Five Forks April 1, 1865. 
He was released from Point Lookout, Md., June 25, 
1865, on parole. Comrade Jones was born in Essex 
County, Va., 1846. For years he was a trusted em- 
ployee of the C & O. R. R. At the time of his death 
he was a member of Winchester's Public School 
Board, of the C. V. A. Association, and belonged to 
the order of Red Men and order of Odd Fellows. 
His death is a sad loss to the community. 

james m'fadden. 

W. Wallace Matthews, Jackson, La., Adjutant Feli- 
ciana Camp, No. 264, sends notice of the death of a 
member of his Camp : "James McFadden, a member 
of Feliciana Camp, was born in West Feliciana in 
1845. At the beginning of the war, a boy of sixteen, 
he joined a company from Columbia, Caldwell Par- 
rish, and was mustered into the Confederate service 
at Camp Moore, La., 1861, with the Twelfth Louis- 
iana Infantry, and served faithfully as a private in that 
command until the close of the war. After the sur- 



render he settled in Jackson, La., where he married 
and lived a useful life. He died at his home Febru- 
ary 6, 1901." 

JOHN THORNTON SINCLAIR. 

John Thornton Sinclair was born January 24, 1839, 
at Stamping Ground, Ky., and died June 8, 1899. He 
attended the Georgetown College, leaving this insti- 
tution at the age of seventeen on account of impaired 
health. He began life as a farmer, afterwards becom- 
ing a merchant. His father was Dr. Benjamin Winn 
Sinclair, his mother Elizabeth Burbridge, both of 
whom died in his early boyhood. 

At the age of seventeen young Sinclair enlisted in 
the Confederate army under Humphrey Marshall — 
Col. D. Howard Smith's Regiment — Company B, 
Fifth Kentucky Cavalry, of which he was elected sec- 
ond lieutenant. He participated in the battles of Per- 
ryville, Murfreesboro, and many others. While in 
Tennessee he was transferred to Gen. John Morgan's 
Cavalry, and commanded Company B on the famous 
raid in Kentucky and Ohio. He was captured at 
Buffington, Ky., in August, 1863. He was held as a 
prisoner of war for twenty-three months at Johnson's 
Island, at Allegheny City penitentiary, at Point Look- 
out, and at Fort Delaware. 

After the close of war Mr. Sinclair was paroled, and 
returned to his farm in Scott County in July, 1865. Re- 
moving to Georgetown in 1871, he was elected deputy 
sheriff, and served four years ; in 1875 he was elected 
sheriff, and again served four years ; he was also city 
judge for seven years, throughout his life he was 
gentle as a woman, yet without fear, a man of sterling 
integrity. 

MAJ. WILLIAM GAY. 

Maj. William Gay, one of the oldest of Gibson 
County's prominent citizens and ex-Confederates, 
died at his home near Trenton, Tenn., March 22, 1901. 
Maj. Gay was born in 1827. He entered the Confed- 
erate army in 1861 as captain of a company, which he 
organized, of the Forty-Seventh Tennessee Infantry, 
and in 1863, after the reorganization at Corinth, he 
returned home and organized another company — 
Company A, of Russell's Regiment. He served as 
captain of this company until the last year of the war, 
when he was promoted to major of the Twentieth 
Tennessee Cavalry. After the close of the war he en- 
gaged in farming and stock-raising. He was elected 
trustee of Gibson County in 1886, and served two 
terms. His devotion to the cause before and since 
the surrender was ever ardent. At the time of his 
death he was President of the O. T. Strahl Bivouac 
and Commander of the R. M. Russell Camp. Three 
sons and two daughters survive him. 

LIEUT. WILLIAM MARTIN. 

W. O. Price, Secretary, Oakley, Tenn., reports the 
death, on September 13, 1900, of Lieut. William Mar- 
tin, Company H, Twenty-Fifth Tennessee, command- 
ed by Col. S. S. Stanton. He served through the war 
until captured, and was then in prison to the end. He 
was a good soldier and officer. His comrades of the 
S. S. Stanton Bivouac passed resolutions of respect 
and sympathy in the loss of their comrade and friend. 






Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



177 



MRS. BENEDETTE MOORE TOBIN. 

The death of Mrs. William Henry Tobin, which oc- 
curred at the family residence, Austin, Tex., April 5, 
1901, is one of the saddest events ever recorded for the 
Veteran. It was not unexpected, for the lovely 
woman said at the Montgomery Convention, U. D. C, 
in November, 1900, and reaffirmed the conviction at 
the meeting of the Texas Division, U. D. C, of which 
she was President, that she would soon cross the dark 
river. In a late letter to the Veteran she wrote in the 
same spirit, and only a few days before the end came 
reexpressed desire that her friend, Mrs. Fannie Cham- 
bers G. Iglehart, write a sketch of her life for the Vet- 
eran. It is a coincidence that this tribute for the 
Veteran was assigned to one who was a friend of the 
editor long before it was founded. The sketch was 
prepared and the photograph in hand before the sum- 
mons came, hence the sketch was fust given to the 
press of Texas. An extended report is made from it 
here because of these extraordinary circumstances, 
and because the Veteran has never paid tribute to 
a worthier Daughter or a more lovely woman. Mrs. 
Tobin was serving her second term as President of the 
great Texas Division, U. D. C. 

So Bow6 in \ love along your life, <) f ri «.- ; 

A whispered song, with neither break nor end, 

Outbreathed wherever youi dear footsteps tend. 

Amid the gay carnival of color which comes with 
the lloral pageantry of the bright-hued, sweet-breathed 
flowers of May there came tripping lightly along a 
fair, fresh young girl, her beautiful face aglow with 
happiness, her bewitching smile a vision of enchant- 
ment, and the lightsome, dainty figure a rhythm of 
graceful motion as she moved along in rapturous en- 
joyment of a Texas prairie. 

Only three short days before had this dainty young 
creature worn upon her regal Parian brow the wreath 
of orange blossoms and uttered the vows which made 
Benedette Moore the happy wife of Dr. William Henry 
Tobin. 

Bidding adieu to the loved scenes of her childhood 
in Camden, Ark., which for her held the tender memo- 
ries and associations of her girlhood, she came to 
Groesbeck, Tex., the then terminus of the Houston 
and Texas Central railway, and Dr. Tobin's home. 

Under the kind disposition of the fates I was per- 
mitted to become her first friend in Texas, and, on 
the occasion of our first meeting, a mutual recogni- 
tion of mutual needs formed the magnet which at- 
tracted and attached us to each other, and a Friendship 
resulted which, in all these years, has never known 
diminution nor the intervention of a fleeting shadow. 
How well do I recall her daintiness, her rare beauty 
and charm, her wonderful sweetness and amiability as 
they were impressed upon me on our first meeting, and 
of how I at once gave to her the Spanish diminutive of 
Bencita for the more stately and dignified Benedette! 
With what feeling of satisfaction do I now recall that 
like as a gentle dove going to her nest did this lovable 
and attractive young girl-wife come into my heart, 
where ever since she has been securely enthroned. 



Benedette Moore Tobin descended from a long line 
of English, Irish, and French colonial ancestry, which 
had as its American founder James Moore, who fled 
from Ireland about 1650 on account of religious perse- 
cution. He became colonial Governor of the Caro- 
linas when the two formed one province, in or about 
1700, succeeding Gov. Blake. In 1703 he sent an ex- 
pedition against the Spaniards in Florida, and after- 
wards against the Appalachian Indians. This last ex- 
pedition made possible the success of the English set- 
tlements in the Carolinas. James Moore, the second 
in line, was also Governor of the Carolinas in 1719, 
succeeding Gov. Johnson. He had previously com- 
manded a successful expedition against the Tuscarora 
Indians. This paternal ancestor married Ann Yea- 
mans, daughter of Baron Yeamans. 

Two of Mrs. Tobin's maternal ancestors were 
French, and this fact is the key to her remarkable 
social charm. She possessed the pugnacity and adhe- 
si\ eness of the English, the wit and sprightliness of the 
Irish, together with the perfect charm and smvir-iairc 
of the French. Irrespective of a long line of splendid 
ancestry, and solely by reason of her own beneficent 
heart and boundless S3 mpathies for every phase of hu- 
man life, Benedette Tobin always held a position which 
sense, distinctly her own. Tier supreme 
courage, indomitable energy, and executive ability 
were demonstrated in every act of her daily life. . . . 
Generous to a fault, she would smile upon error or 
condone a fault. 

Her "temple of home'' was ever illumined by the 
mil adoration of those whom God had given her. 











From the cradle her children were enshrined and pil- 
lowed with her tender love. She was their guardian 
angel, her high-bred womanhood was the light and 
music of their lives, and her husband, recognizing the 
perfect jewel that was his, never by word or deed dis- 
approved her objects or purposes. No insignificant 
want of husband or children was ever overlooked. 



178 



Qorjfederate Uetcrap. 



In her many charities she was practical, and in her 
social life no woman had greater demands upon her, 
no social function at the capital of Texas being com- 
plete without the charm, beauty, and graciousness of 
Mrs. Tobin. Yet there was always plenty of time for 
the performance of each and every home duty. Am- 
ple time for art work of many kinds made her home 
one of the most artistic and attractive in Austin. The 
warmth, beauty, and strength of her refined thoughts 
spoke volumes for the gracious high priestess who 
there presided. As her children grew older, each one 
having his or her own particular set, the duties of the 
home naturally expanded, and especially was this true 
after they had entered the university. 

Mrs. Tobin's strong and individual friendship has, 
perhaps, been given to a greater variety of human 
beings of different grades of culture, intelligence, and 
education than that of any other woman at the capital 
of Texas. The Tobin home has ever been a rallying 
point in all social matters, and in no other in this city. 
have so many strangers been received and graciously 
entertained. Many a struggling young artist, musi- 
cian, or aspirant for literary favors found their starting 
point through the kind sympathy of Mrs. Tobin. The 
desire to do good was the mainspring to her life's ac- 
tion, and extending, as it did, to illimitable lengths, 
bearing blessings on its wings, her nature was stamped 
with the divine image. 

The name of Benedette Tobin has been linked with 
every charitable and patriotic enterprise that has ex- 
isted in Austin since her long residence here. Notable 
among those of recent years was the Eye, Ear, and 
Throat Hospital, which she organized, and of which 
she became the first President. She organized the 
Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter, U. D. C, and threw 
her whole soul into the work, in a short time bring- 
ing it up to one of the largest and most successful 
bodies of the kind in the State. She was State Presi- 
dent of the Texas Division of the U. D. C, and added 
immeasurably to the growth of the order in Texas. 
Always at the close of the university term her hands 
were busy decorating and embellishing the hall where 
the final ball of each society was to take place. It 
was her ambition that the closing social year of the 
students' life should be a brilliant success, bringing 
happiness to young men and maidens from all over 
the State. 

In no large enterprise affecting Texas was Mrs. 
Tobin's enthusiasm and energy so undividedly direct- 
ed as in the World's Pair movement. The Legislature 
refusing to appropriate money that the State might 
have representation at the greatest exhibition of hu- 
man industries that the Western world has ever known, 
Mrs. Tobin threw her whole soul into the work of in- 
teresting the people of Texas in a State exhibit at 
Chicago, and the women of Texas nobly responded. 
She was elected President, and by her earnest efforts, 
her persistency, her splendid executive ability, aided 
and seconded by the organization of women workers, 
not only was a most artistic building erected, in which 
all Texans were royally welcomed by Mrs. Tobin, but 
through her energy an annex was erected, in which 
Texas had a fair amount of her wonderful products on 
exhibition. 

During that time, by her executive ability, her kind- 
ly demeanor and personal charm, she attracted to her 



side many warm friends among the cultured men and 
women from other States and foreign countries. 

Last September Mrs. Tobin fell ill, an incurable 
malady setting its baleful seal upon her bright and 
happy life. Although she realized that a few months 
at farthest would terminate her existence on earth, she 
was undaunted, and her indomitable will sustained her 
in a remarkable way. In November she attended the 
General Association of the Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy, and, returning, she soon went to Corsicana to 
attend the same organization for the State, being its 
President, at which time she was reelected. She con- 
ducted the regular forms of that body, carrying out 
the parliamentary usages in all their completeness. 
But the life-destroying disease was consuming the 
very vital spark of life, and when the new year was 
ushered in she took permanently to her bed, from 
which time she scarcely arose. 

In February her husband and daughter took her to 
the finest medical skill in New York, but there was 
no hope, and she returned to meet the worst. Al- 
though perfectly aware of the hopelessness of her case, 
she kept up her courage to a remarkable degree. She 
talked frequently and dispassionately to her children, 
husband, and friends of her approaching end, and with 
all the calmness and fortitude which characterized her 
life. 

A husband and five children (all grown), Mr. Wil- 
liam H. Tobin, Jr., Leonard, Raymond, Margaret Em- 
ily, and Richard Swearingen; a sister, Mrs. A. W. 
Houston, of San Antonio; and nieces, Mrs. Alsdorf 
Faulkner, of Austin ; Mrs. George Hines, of San An- ' 
tonio ; Mrs. Judge Waltom, of Atascosa ; Mrs. Claude 
Skeen; E. M. Winstead, of (the "Frisco" Railroad) 
San Antonio; Mr. John Proctor; besides numerous 
other distant relatives — are mourners by her loss. 
Her loving daughter suddenly developed from a gay 
and joyous girl into a skillful and expert nurse. 

Bencita has gone. To-day we walk under a shaded 
sky. The land is bereft of its brightness. There is a 
hush in the air — a resonance of a harp string tensely 
drawn. I pause and listen to my beating heart ; there 
is awe in the sound. A leaf loosens above me and 
falls from bough to bough with tiny rustle. I hear 
a voice, a far-away, gentle whisper that comes nearer, 
floats by my ear, which says, "We all do fade away as 
a leaf ;" and an echoing answer comes from her whom 
we all mourn, which says, 

"My way of life is fallen into 
The sere and yellow leaf." 

Bencita, the fair, the amiable, the true, the noble, 
is no more. — Fanny Chambers Gooch Iglehart, Author of 
"Face to Face with the Mexicans." 

Notice is sent to Chapters of the Texas Division 
by Mrs. Cone Johnson, Vice President, and Miss 
Katie L. Daffan, Secretary, in which they say : 

Her loss to the Daughters is irreparable. Her love 
for the cause was unquenched during months of suf- 
fering, and, in the face of approaching death, her deep 
and abiding interest in the work of the Daughters was 
not diminished. Our hearts are bowed in grief at our 
great misfortune. 

As a tribute to the membry of our departed Presi- 
dent, we suggest that all Chapters of the Division hold 
appropriate memorial services in connection with the 



Confederate i/eterai?. 



179 



regular exercises on Memorial Day; that the Chap- 
ter banner be draped in mourning, and that every 
Daughter wear a badge of mourning for thirty days. 

CAPT. JOHN COWAN. 

At a meeting of the Third North Carolina Regi- 
ment Survivors' Association, Comrades James I. 
Metts and J. L. Cantwell, as a committee, submitted 
the following, which was adopted by the Association 
in becoming reverence. 

During the afternoon the annual meeting of the 
company was held, during which the following resolu- 
tions, regarding the death of Capt. John Cowan, an 
honored member of the Association, were adopted, 
to wit : 

"Comrades, halt, salute, close up, reverse arms. 
There is one less in the ranks. He who at Gettys- 
burg, with a steadiness, determination, and soldierly 
devotion that dwells in the memory of his i 
and is one of the brightest records of the Third North 
Carolina Infantry, amid the hail of hostile un- 
successfully held the line of battle intrusted to him, 
passing through the fearful storm with but one slight 
wound; and, as one of the six hundred Confederate 
States officers prisoners <>f war, under so-called retal- 
iation, shared with manliness and fortitude the perils 
of opposing bombardments and pangs of starvation 
at Morris Island and Fort Pulaski, has, in the quiet 
walks of civil life, peacefully and trustingly answered 
the call. 

"lie was a gallant soldier, a courteous, cheerful, affa- 
ble gentleman, ever prompt and zealous, faithful to 
obligation, patient in affliction and privation. His 
work is done, his chair is vacant ; taps have sounded ; 
our friend and comrade, John Cowan, is not here; his 
immortal soul has winged its flight to the Almight) 
Creator who gave it. and his temporal tenement we 
have consigned to the earth as it was. 

"It is not ours to grieve as those without hope. Nay, 
relying on the promise, we devoutly pray and humbly 
hope that when the all-pervading call of the last trump 
shall sound we shall arise reunited, never to part again. 

"In loving memoriam be it ordered that our Sec- 
retary inscribe a page with his name, rank, birth, 
death, and age." 

J. G. CARLISLE. 

Wounds received during the struggle for Southern 
independence at last caused the death of J. G. Car- 
lisle, of Italy. Tex., and he now rests on the other shore 
with the great majority. He enlisted in the Missouri 
State Guard, December, 1861, serving in Gen. Rains's 
Division. Then he joined the Fourth Missouri In- 
fantry. C. S. A., under Sterling Price at Springfield, 
Mo., Company F, Capt. John H. Britts, and partici- 
pated in the right at Pea Ridge, Ark., after which he 
was with Van Dorn in the Memphis raid, and was at 
Iuka, Corinth, Grand Gulf. Port Gibson, and Farming- 
ton. 

On the 1 6th of May, 1863, he was severely wounded 
at Champion Hill. ami was left for dead upon the battle- 
field. Assigned to the death ward in the hospital, be- 
ing shot in the right lung, a visiting angel in the per- 
son of Mrs. Banks, of Clinton, Miss., had him removed 
to her home, where, bv careful attention and faithful 



general 



nursing, he recovered. The fires of patriotism yet 
burned with undimmed ardor within his breast, and 
caused him to join a remnant of his former command. 
He was with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, and, during the 
memorable retreat, was daily under fire until Atlanta 
was reached, being in the engagements of New Hope 
Church. Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin, and Nashville. 
Subsequently ordered to Mobile, Ala., for secret serv- 
ice, he was captured in the performance of hazardous 
duty and imprisoned in New Orleans, but succeeded 
in making his escape and reached Fort Morgan, where 
he remained on a pilot boat until the close of the war. 
A: the battle of Franklin, Tenn., his commanding 
I-. M rell [now Senator), was danger- 

ously wounded Seeing the necessity of his immedi- 
ate removal. Comrade Carlisle bore him from the field. 
This noble act and his uniform soldierly conduct won 
tin- admiration and friendship of his commander, 
which lasted until death. 

DR. J. J. BOZEM.W 

Dr. J. J. Bozeman, of Camp J. Foster Marshall. 
South "Carolina, died on March 19, 1901. Wherever 
there is a survivor of the Hampton Legion and Gary's 
Brigade, the news of the death of this true man will 
fall as the loss of a brother. He was an able, del 
and conscientious surgeon and physician, and a friend 
as true as the needle to the pole. A friend says of him : 
"It was his nature and habit to think of and love him- 
self last. Peace be to his ashes, and rest to as tender 
and noble a soul as was ever called to meet a last 
summons !" 

ROBERT KNKKMEYER. 

Capt. Robert Knickmeyer, Commander of t . 

Tom Moore. I'. C. \ .. Apalachicola. Fla., died during 
the month of February. He was captain of Company 















PIPI 






/ 


, . ^^^k 













CAPT. ROBERT KNICKMEYER, AI'AI.AelllCOLA, FLA. 

1'.. Fourth Florida Regiment, Finley's Brigade, Bate's 
Division. He enlisted August 31, 1861. The picture 



180 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



represents him as captain of the Franklin County 
Guards, a local company, w hich took part in his funeral 
services in connection with the Confederate veterans. 
His loss is keenly felt by those with whom he had so 
long been associated. 

At its regular monthly meeting, Camp Tom Moore 
elected Capt. Amos Sharitt to succeed Capt. Knick- 
meyer as Commander. A. J. Murat was reappointed 
Adjutant, and he and F. G. Wilhelm were appointed 
delegates to the Memphis reunion. 

COL. R. D. ALLISON. 

Col. R. D. Allison, who departed this life on the 
15th of December, 1900, was born in North Carolina 
September 25, 1S10. In his early manhood he emi- 
grated to Tennessee, where he mustered forces for 
the Volunteer State in 1846, when the war against 
Mexico called upon Tennessee for her quota of troops. 
During all the vicissitudes of the period which fol- 
lowed he proved himself a true soldier. Soon after 
retiring to private life he was called by the people of 
Smith County. Tenn., in 1848, to represent them in 
the State Legislature, and he was reelected several 
times. In 1861 he raised a company of cavalry for the 
Confederate service, and went into the organization of 
the Twenty-Fourth Tennessee Regiment, of which he 
was made colonel. With untiring activity and devo- 
tion he evinced his exalted patriotism and unchal- 
lenged courage until the close of the war, after which 
he located in McKinney, Tex., where he resided until 
his death. Twenty-seven times during his life he was 
elected to positions of honor and public trust, and no 
man ever knew him to betray the stewardship intrust- 




ed to him. In the resolutions adopted by Camp J. W. 
Throckmorton, No. 109, U. C. V., and signed by W. 
H. Taylor, W. N. Bush, H. C. Mack. H. H. Sullivan. 
and T. J. Finly, the fraternal devotion to their de- 
ceased comrade is touchingly expressed, and his un- 
swerving virtues of truth, honor, goodness, loyalty, 
and faith are entered upon the records of the Camp 
for the inspiration and edification of devoted survivors. 



■ 


£S* *Cs 




^ 






. 


L^^S^ ^^^1 











COL. R. D. ALLISON. 



DR. J. S. ROBERTS. 

The Veteran has too long omitted notice of the 
death of Dr. J. S. Roberts, of Pulaski, Tenn. Dr. Rob- 
erts was one of its first and most steadfast friends to 
the end. He was proud of his connection with the 
Confederate army. His service was as surgeon under 
Dr. Ford, and later he went with Dr. Wooton in 
Bragg's Kentucky campaign. 

T. B. ACKER. 

W. A. Campbell, Columbus, Miss., writes of the 
death of T. B. Acker, one of the original members of 
Isham Harrison Camp, No. 27 : "He enlisted in Capt. 
George Lipscomb's Company, and served with it at 
Pensacola, Fla. He was afterwards a member of Capt. 
J. W. Banks's Company of Forty-Third Mississippi In- 
fantry, and later a member of Capt. Thomas Lips- 
comb's Company of Sixth Mississippi Cavalry, with 
which he remained until the close of the war, being 
surrendered at Selma, Ala., in 1865. One who knew 
him says : 'No better citizen ever lived, and no better 
soldier ever shouldered a gun.' " 



FULTON CONNER. 

Fulton Conner, who was captain of Company I, 
Forty-Ninth North Carolina, died suddenly Sunday, 
March 24, 1901, at his home in Catawba County, N. 
C. He was well advanced in years. The survivors of 
his company meet on April 1 every year, and this year 
were saddened by the absence of their beloved captain. 



Qopfederate l/eterai}. 



18] 



Dinner by the Army of Tennessee, New Or- 
leans. — The annual reunion of the Army of Tennes- 
see, Confederate Veterans, New Orleans, was celebra- 
ted by a dinner April 6. President G. S. Richards, and 
Comrades A. J. Lewis and W. H. Pasco made address- 
es. Of the toasts, Comrade W. P. Brewer responded 
for the Army of Northern Virginia, and Comrade J. A. 
Harrill for the Confederate States Cavalry — the "eyes 
and ears of the army." E. P. Cottraux talked of the 
Confederate artillery. F. L. Richardson paid tribute 
to the chivalry and pluck of Southern women, while 
Comrade G. H. Packwood, General commanding for 
Louisiana, made a speech upon the United Confed- 
erate veterans. 

Third North Carolina Regiment. — The Third 
North Carolina Infantry Association celebrated, in a 
most delightful manner, the thirty-fourth anniversary 
of the organization. It occurred at the summer resi- 
dence of Capt. James I. Metts, on Greenville Sound. 
The party left the Wilmington Light Infantry armory 
at io a.m. in wagonettes, and drove to Capt. Metts's 
place, where ample preparation had been made for 
their entertainment. An especial feature was the serv- 
ing of a delicious dinner of numerous courses, a roast 
pig being an especially notable viand. 

Entertainment at San Antonio. — For the pur- 
pose of raising funds to enable them to secure a hall 
befitting the dignity of Albert Sidney Johnston Camp, 
No. 144, the Confederate veterans of San Antonio gave 
an entertainment on March 19, which proved an un- 
usual success. From the opening number to the close 
of the unique programme the audience was cither con- 
vulsed with laughter or moved to tears as the artistic 
participants brought out the sunshine of life in selec- 
tions of humor and the sublimity of brave deeds in the 
recital of stirring war poems, etc. 

Officers of R. E. Lee Camp, No. 158, U. C. Y., 
Fort Worth, Tex. — Commander, E. W. Taylor; 
Lieutenants, J. C. Terrell and M. J. Pankey ; Quar- 
termaster, George Jackson ; Surgeon, A. P. Brown, 
M.D. ; Chaplain, E. W. Sellers ; Historian, C. C. 
Cumrnings; Adjutant, W. M. McConnell. 

Comrade McConnell writes: "Our Camp numbers 
over six hundred members, which Gen. George Moor- 
man says makes ours the banner camp in the U. C. V. 
organizations. 

Recently Elected Officers, Army ob 1'i-nnes- 
see. New Orleans. — The officers of the Army of 
Tennessee are : President, Isidore S. Richard ; Vice 
Presidents, Lewis Guion, Alden McLellan, and Ed- 
ward Durrive ; Recording Secretaries, Nicholas Cuny, 
John R. Juden; Corresponding Secretary, J. A. Glial 
aron ; Treasurer, Adam Wagatha; Physician, C. H. 
Tebault, M.D. ; Assistant Physicians, James S. Rich- 
ard, M.D., Dr. Frank J. Chalaron ; Chaplain, Rev. B. 
M. Palmer. 

Judge J. N. Lyle, Waco, Tex., sent the same ren- 
dition of Albert Pike's "Dixie" as that published in 
the February Veteran from Mrs. Rosa Burwell Todd, 
and suggested that some publisher be gotten to bring 
it out set to music instead of the words in negro dia- 
lect. Miss Sarah A. Cromwell, of Mt. Eckhart, Md., 
also sent a copy of the "Lament for Dixie," which 
was copied from that furnished by Gen. T. N. Waul. 
of Texas. 



North Carolina Division. Cnited Confeder- 
ate Veterans. — The Major General Commanding, 
Julian S. Carr, Durham, N. C, announces the follow- 
ing appointments on his staff : 

Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, Col. H. A. 
London, Pittsboro : Inspector General. Lieut. Col. 
Paul B. . Means, Concord; Quartermaster General. 
Lieut. Col. T. L. Emery. Weldon ; Judge Advocate 
General, Lieut. Col. C. B. Watson, Winston ; Commis- 
sary General, Lieut. Col. James A. Bryan, New Berne ; 
Surgeon General. Lieut. Col. P. S. Hines, Raleigh ; 
Chaplain General, Lieut. Col. Charles Fetter, Rocky 
Mount ; Chief of Artillery. Lieut. Col. J. B. Starr. Fay- 
ettevillc; Chief of Ordnance, Lieut. Col. Frank Ben- 
net, Wadesboro; Assistant Adjutant General, Maj. J. 
N. Ramsey, Seaboard; Assistant Inspector General, 
Maj. R. B. Peebles, Jackson ; Assistant Quartermaster 
General, Maj. Harrison Watts, Charlotte; Assistant 
Judge Advocate General, Maj. A. W. Graham, Ox- 
ford; Assistant Commissary General, Maj. R. E. Wil- 
son, Winston. Aids-de-Camp: Maj. Ashley Home, 
Clayton: Maj. F. H. Busbee, Raleigh: Maj. A. H 
Boyden, Salisbury : Maj. E. J. Hale, Fayetteville : Maj. 
W. R. Kenan. Wilmington; Maj. J. A. Long, Rox- 
boro; Maj. W. P. Wood, Asheboro ; Maj. S. H. Smith, 
Winston; Maj. C. Frank Siler, Erect; Maj. F. II. 
Leatherwood, Webster; Maj. G. S. Ferguson, Waynes- 
ville. Color Bearer, Capt. J. H. Currie, Fayetteville. 

The following new Camps are assigned as desig- 
nated : < >scar R, Rand Camp. No. 1278. Holly Spring-, 
and Alf Rowland Camp, No. 1302, Rowland, to the 
nd Brigade, Brig. Gen. W. L. London command 
ing; Bill Johnston Camp, No. 1-75. Weldon, and 
Maurice T. Smith lump, No. 1 -'77. Oxford, to tin- 
Third Brigade, Brig. Gen. F. M. Parker commanding. 

Attention is called to the resolution adopted :it the 
meeting of the North Carolina Division, United Con- 
federate Veterans, held at Raleigh on the 22d of Au- 
gust. 1900, levying a per capita tax of five cents on the 
members of this Division to be used to defray the ex- 
penses of Division Headquarters. 



J. Frank Cargile, of Morrisville, Mo., calls to the 
boys of the old Tenth Arkansas. He writes ; "I en- 
listed at the age of fifteen, and served the first two 
years cast of the Mississippi. 1 was at the battle of 
Shiloh, and also at the siege of Tort Hudson. Left 
there a paroled prisoner, and came back to my home 
in Arkansas. The Federals had gotten control of thai 
country, and gave us a great deal of trouble, 
would take us off from home fifteen or twenty miles 
and turn us ku.se. and then another scout would pick 
us up. \\ e got tired of that, so gathered up all the 
old guns and rifles our fathers used to kill deer, and de- 
fended ourselves the bestwe could until old'Tap" Price 
made his raid into Missouri. I fell in with him, and 
we had quite a little fight at Pilot Knob, though they 
gave us the road to pass on. Some twenty miles from 
Boonville a friend of mine named Ross and I left the 
road to find something to eat. We got lost, and the 
Federals were between us and our command. Some 
young ladies, Misses Mayfield and Newman, came to 
our relief, and directed us to our command. On part- 
ing I gave Miss Mattie Mayfield a locket I had gotten 
from Ross in exchange for my watch. I should like 
to hear from either of these ladies if living." 



182 



Confederate Veteran 



United 5095 of Confederate l/eterans. 

A.DDRESS BY THE COMMANDER IN CHI] I. 

The following is an address by Biscoe Hindman, 
Commander in Chief U C. V., to the United Sons of 
Confederate Veterans : 

As a number of comrades and Camps have kindly 
offered to vote for me at the Memphis reunion as my 
own successor, I consider it only fair to all that I 
should announce in advance that 1 shall not be a can- 
didate for reelection. Nor do I desire the Confeder- 
ation to reelect me simply as an indorsement of my 
administration. ... If my administration shall 
be considered worthy of your indorsement, such in- 
dorsement can be officially given by means of a suita- 
ble resolution passed by you in convention assembled. 
As your Commander in Chief I have endeavored to 
serve you earnestly and faithfully. 

The results of the year's work, which has been a 
labor of love, will be duly laid before you for your 
consideration. The present condition of our Confed- 
eration is the most prosperous and satisfactory in its 
history, and I assure you that it is with a great deal 
of regret that I am absolutely forced by the demands 
of my business to relinquish the work in which I have 
taken so much interest and pride. Upon the Sons, 
and upon the noble order of the Daughters, will fall 
the mantle of the veteran heroes when they cease to 
exist as an organization. Each succeeding reunion 
shows too plainly that their ranks are made thinner 
by the absence of those who have crossed over the 
river and joined their comrades on the other side. 

While yet we have the opportunity, we should not 
fail to avail ourselves of the privilege of meeting with 
them, so that we can catch some of their spirit and 
strike for the lofty heights of their integrity and honor 
and patriotism. Let no true Son feel that it is im- 
compatible with our love and loyalty for our whole 
country and for our own beloved star-spangled ban- 
ner, that we cherish and love and regard as sacred, 
the stars and bars which our fathers loved and defend- 
ed so gallantly, and over which our mothers stitched 
and prayed, while their tears fell for their loved ones 
who had fallen upon their shields with their faces to 
the foe, or who were fighting with all the chivalry and 
manhood that was in them for justice and the right, 
and for the glory of their country. And, though we 
may feel that it was all for the best, as God doeth all 
things well, we shall never believe, and no true man 
would have us believe, that our brave fathers gave up 
their fortunes, their homes, their loved ones, and their 
lives, for a cause which was wrong. We do not be- 
lieve that might works right, nor shall we ever ac- 
knowledge that the result of the great war detracted 
one jot or tittle from justice or from the rights of man- 
kind, or from the glory of the immortal deeds of those 
whose names we bear. But we are ready to grant to 
Union and Confederate veterans alike equal honesty 
and equal loyalty in the separate causes for which both 
suffered and fought and died. They are American 
soldiers all, and a great country of common interests, 
common unity, and common loyalty places the names 
of its national heroes side by side in the temple of 



fame, and points with national pride to the most glo- 
rious battlefields which the world has ever known. 

Camp John A. Broadus, of Louisville, which has 
nearly 350 members, informs us that at a recent 
meeting they unanimously decided to support Gen. 




COL. BISCOE HINDMAN. 



Hindman for reelection as Commander in Chief. The 
action of the Camp shows the strong hold which he 
has on the affection of the individual members as well 
as upon their respect and admiration. 

Biscoe Hindman, Commander in Chief, U. S. C. V., 
sends out General Order No. 5, announcing the mem- 
bership of four important standing committees : 

Historical Committee. — William F. Jones, Chairman, 
Elberton, Ga. ; Prof. P. H. Mell, Auburn, Ala. ; W. H. 
Langford, Pine Bluff, Ark. ; Hon. Duncan U. 
Fletcher, Jacksonville, Fla. ; Capt. W. W. Davies, 
Louisville, Ky. ; W. H. McLellan, New Orleans, La. ; 
R. C. McCoy, Port Gibson, Miss. ; W. H. Cocke, St. 
Louis, Mo. ; Prof. Charles L. Coon, Salisbury, N. C. ; 
James A. Hoyt, Columbia, S. C. ; W. B. Wooten, Co- 
lumbia, Tenn. ; Brant H. Kirk, Waco, Tex. ; Edwin P. 
Cox, Richmond, Va. ; A. W. Gatewood, Marlington, 
W. Va. ; William M. Franklin, Ardmore, Ind. T. ; C. 
L. Brown, Washington, D. C. 

Relief Committee. — Robert G. Pillow, Chairman, Lit- 
tle Rock, Ark. ; L. D. T. Quinby, Atlanta, Ga. ; J. W. 
Anderson, Washington, D. C. ; J. T. Chancellor, Mari- 
etta, Ind. T. ; Ephraim H. Foster, Huntsville, Ala. ; 
C. E. Worth, Tampa, Fla. ; John M. Ashby, Owens- 
boro, Ky. ; M. E. Roger, Napoleonville, La. ; T. H. 
Hazelhurst, Charleston, S. C. ; George H. Ezell, Co- 
lumbus, Miss. ; T W. Ruckley, Houston, Mo. ; J. H. 
Foot, Jr., Winston, N. C. ; R. E. Lee Bynum, Union 
City, Tenn. ; W. T. Wray, Milford, Tex. ; J. Baldwin 
Rawson, Staunton, Va. ; W. H. Kearfott, Kearneys- 
ville, W. Va. 

Monumental Committee. — D. A. Spivey, Chairman, 
Conway, S. C. ; Howard P. Wright, Washington, D. 



Confederate l/eterap, 



183 



C; W. H. Rader, Lone Grove, Ind. T.; U. H. Mc- 
Laws, Savannah, Ga. ; R. J. Thurmon, Jr., Tuscumbia, 
Ala. ; Hindman Biscoe, Helena, Ark. ; B. C. Aber- 
nathy, Orlando, Fla. ; Hood Harney, Lexington, Ky. ; 
W. McL. Fayssoux, New Orleans, La. ; J. O. S. San- 
ders, Charleston, Miss. ; James L. Robinson, War- 
rensburg, Mo.; J. C. Gorham, Fayetteville, N. C. ; W. 
C. Lyons, Stony Point, Tenn.; J. H. Alexander, Me- 
ridian, Tex. ; T. \Y. Edwards, Leesburg, Va. ; Cameron 
Lewis, Charleston, W. Va. 

Finance Committee. — W. H. Langford, Chairman, 
Pine Bluff, Ark. ; Fitzhugh C. Goldsborough, Wash- 
ington, D. C; G. H. Collins, Davis, Ind. T.; W. M. 
Fulcher, Waynesboro, Ga. ; Roger Ap C. Jones, Sel- 
ma, Ala. ; C. N. Wilshands, Jacksonville, Fla. ; Ben 
T. Head, Burgin, Ky. ; Edmund Muarin, Donaldson- 
vine, La. ; J. G. Wardlaw, Gaffney, S. C. ; M. C. Knox, 
Water Valley, Miss. ; Henry D. Green, West Plains, 
Mo. ; Wayne S. Ray, Asheville, N. C. ; John L. Nor- 
man, Lynchburg, Tenn. ; R. B. Truly, Ballinger, Tex. ; 
H. T. Talliaferro, Hot Springs, Va. ; Joel Ruffner, 
Charleston, W. Va. 

Two other committees are also announced : 

Women's Manorial Committee. — James Mann, Chair- 
man, Nottoway, Va. ; Hon. Francis H. Weston, Co- 
lumbia, S. C. ; Hon. John Marks, Napoleonville, La.; 
Hamilton N. Branch, Savannah, Ga. ; Dr. W. P. Pat- 
terson, Springfield, Mo. ; Hon. John H. Wallace, Jr., 
Huntsville, Ala. ; George B. Myers, Holly Springs, 
Miss. ; H. T. Alexander, Columbia, Tenn. ; Hon. John 
Ike Moore, Helena, Ark.; C. \V. Bocock, Houston, 
Tex.; N. R. Tisdal, Ardmore, Ind. T. ; Jesse N. Gath- 
right, Louisville, Ky. ; J. R. Mathewes, Ocala, Fla. ; 
W. D. Payne, Charleston, W. Ya. ; Wayne S. Ray, 
Asheville, N. C. 

Constitutional Committee. — Hon. Walter T. Colquitt. 
Chairman, Atlanta, Ga. ; Judge R. W. Nicholls, Hele- 
na, Ark.; Edwin P. Cox, Richmond, Va. 

Each chairman is requested to communicate with 
his committeemen, and it is earnestly hoped that the 
committees will show an active interest in the work of 
these important committees. 

The object of the Women's Memorial Committee is 
to erect some proper memorial in honor of the women 
of the South, whose Spartan devotion to the Confed- 
eracy, both at home and in the field, were the wonder 
and admiration of the world. The work intrusted to 
this committee is a sacred work, which ought to be 
encouraged to the fullest extent by all the sons of 
the South. 

The Constitutional Committee is to revise the Con- 
stitution which was adopted at the reunion, Atlanta, 
Ga., in 1898. It will report at the next annual re- 
union at Memphis. Hon. Walter T. Colquitt, former 
Commander in Chief, who is chairman of this com- 
mittee, requests each Camp to take up the subject 
of revision, and, after discussing the same, to send 
to him any amendments, changes, or additions that 
they may wish made or brought before the Confed- 
eration at the Memphis reunion. He will also be glad 
to receive suggestions from any individual members 
of the Confederation, and will be pleased to corre- 
spond fully with them on the subject. 

West Virginia Division. Charleston, W. Va., Gen- 
eral Orders No. 1, announces the following appoint- 
ments by Fontaine Broun, Division Commander: 



John Baker White, of Charleston, Adjutant and 
Chief of Staff. 

Herbert Fitzpatrick, of Huntington, Inspector. 

C. G. Peyton, of Charleston, Quartermaster. 

Thomas R. Moore, of Charlestown, Commissary. 

W. G. Peterkin, of Parkersburg, Judge Advocate. 

Dr. Charles Truehart Taylor, of Huntington, Sur- 
geon. 

Rev. Norman F. Marshall, of Bramwell, Chaplain. 

There are seven Camps of the United Sons of Con- 
federate Veterans organized and chartered in West 
\ irginia, and several additional Camps now being or- 
ganized. Those already chartered and the Command- 
ants are : 

Camp Beirne Chapman, at Union, L. E. Campbell. 

Camp J. E. B. Stuart, at Marlinton, L. J. Marshall. 

Camp Thos. L. Broun, at Charleston. W. D. Payne. 

Camp Jenkins, at Huntington, O. J. Wilkinson. 

Camp Henry Kyd Douglass, at Sheperdstown, W. 
H. Kearfoot. 

Camp Stonewall Jackson, at Charlestown, C. E. 
Baylor. 

( amp W. L. Jackson, at Parkersburg, W. G. Pet- 
erkin. 

Gustav T. Fitzhugh, Judge Advocate General, U. 
S. C. V., is a prominent lawyer of the Memphis bar — 
Watson & Fitzhugh. TTo is a native of Mississippi, a 




GUSTAV 1 . K 1 I /III 1. II. 



son of Prof. Lewis T. Fitzhugh, a gallant Confederate 
soldier, who served throughout the war, and is now 
President of Belhaven I at Jackson, Miss. The 

son was educated at the University of Mississippi. 

TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT. 

Hon. Brant H. Kirk, of Waco, Tex., is a native of 
Stanley County, N. C. His father, William A. Kirk, 
served in the famous Twenty- Eighth North Carolina 
Regiment, surrendering with Gen. Lee at Appomat- 



184 



Qorpfederate Ueteran. 



tox. Mr. Kirk is a lawyer, and can make the high 
claim of being a self-made man. In May, 1899, he 
was a delegate from his State to the National Conven- 
tion of Confederate Soldiers and Sons of Confederate 
Soldiers held in Charleston, S. C, and was elected 
Commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, S. 
C. V., which command he still holds. 

Mr. Kirk is deeply interested in the work of organ- 
izing the Sons to the end that no Confederate shall 
suffer in old age or be denounced in school histories 
as a traitor, and urges the Sons who are willing to 
organize in their respective localities of his depart- 
ment to correspond with him at Waco for full infor- 
mation. 

N. B. FORREST CAMP OF SONS IN MEMPHIS. 

Of the one hundred sons of veterans who signed 
our call for the organization of the N. B. Forrest 
Camp, of Memphis, Tenn., the following ten are sons 
of members of the Confederate Historical Society of 
Memphis, Camp No. 28 : Louis M. DeSaussure, W. A. 
Collier, Jr., Joseph W. Martin, G. B. Thornton, Jr., 
T. J. Turley, C. W. Frazer, J. P. Holt, C. Q. Carnes, 
John S. Hampton, N. B. Forrest. W. A. Collier, Jr., 
is Adjutant, and Bishop Thomas F. Gailor is the Com- 
mandant. The Camp consists of about 250 members. 



The seventh annual reunion of the South Carolina 
Division, U. C. V., will be held at Columbia, S. C, 
commencing May 8. All will be done by the people 
of Columbia to make the occasion pleasant and enjoy- 
able. Miss Elizabeth C. Teague, of Aiken, has been 
appointed sponsor, and Miss Annie Norwood, of 
Greenville, maid of honor for the division this year. 

On invitation of the Ladies Memorial Association. 
of Columbia, the division will participate in the memo- 
rial services on May 10. 



At their annual meeting on the 25th of March, 
Camp William E. Jones, of Abingdon, Va., elected the 
following officers : Commander, Thomas W. Colley ; 
Lieutenant Commanders, P. G. Minnick and H. Hagy ; 
Adjutant, Thomas K. Trigg; Quartermaster, R. J. 
Caldwell ; Surgeon, Dr. William L. Dunn ; Chaplain, 
Isaac Baker ; Finance Committee, Capt. John Roberts, 
Hon. J. W. McBroom, Maj. F. S. Robinson. The 
commander writes that the Camp is taking on new 
life. It will be represented at Memphis. 



J._N. Holmes, Tylertown, Miss., is desirous of re- 
turning a pocketbook and pocket mirrors taken from 
a Confederate soldier who was killed on the battle- 
field at Harrisonburg, Miss. On the pocketbook is 
written: "Oscar N. Grisham's book, April 18, 1861." 
Relatives can have same by addressing Mr. Holmes 
at post office given or calling for him at Mississippi 
headquarters at the reunion