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Nash\ii.i.e, Tenn. 



A Boy's First Battlr 54 

Accurate Historical Records 11 

Adams. Death of Gen. John 4S 

Address by Gen. Forney 53 

Address to Texas Veterans .^9 

Address Wanted 17 

Adventure at Batter.v ^yaKner 10 

An Old Flajr 3.-. 

-Vnderson and Liytle. Gens 44 

Arkansas Sharp.shootei's at A'icksburg 44 

Arp. Bill. Memorial 6 

Eighty . 

I tattle 

Ball's BlulT 

Baltimore I..andniark. . . 
Barefooted Con federates. 

Barker. Col. W. B 

Battery in Rossville Gap 

Battery Wagner 

Battle Above the Clouds 

r.attle of Drury's Bluff 123. 

of Klkhorn 

of Franklin 227, 

of .lonesboro 

of Murfreesboro 

of Missionary Ridge 

Battle of Nashville — Bee's Report 

Battle of Nashville. Gov. J. H. Porter 

Battle of New Hope Church 

B.attio of Raymond 

Battle of Raymond and Jackson 

Battle of White Hall 

Behan, Mrs. W. J 

Bethel Monument 430. 

Bethel Momunent Association 

Bit of True Romance 

Black Skin but White Soul 

Blaine's. George. Grave 

Blood Thicker than Water 

Books Supplied by the 

Box's Protest 

Breckcnridge. Gen. John C 

Brice's Cross Roads, A Private's View 

Bryan, Jim 

Burch. Mrs. Birdie Brown 

Buried Alive 

Bursting of "Lady Polk" im, 277, 

Byrd's Gallantry at Perryville 


















C. (7) K 389 

Cadets at Tuscaloosa 25 

Cadets of the Confederacy 170 

California .Spirit of the Confederacy 116 

Campaign in Tennessee 338 

Campaigning \uuier Forrest 6 

Camp C'hase Reminiscences 121 

Camp Chase Decorations 264 

Capture .and Escape 22S 

Capture of ,a Cannon 28 

Capture of Garrison ,at New Creek 117 

Capture of Two Generals 437 

Cause of Failure at Spring Hill 395 

Chambers, W. R 587 

Chance for a Diamond Ring 357 

Changing the Words of Dixie 216 


Checking tlie Rout 350 

Chlmborazo 577 

Chivalrous Act of a Federal Soldier 4S6 

Chri.stian, Hon. Geo. L 185 

Civil Side of the Confederacy : 109 

Cl.arkson, Momunent lo John .\ 224 

Cleburne, Gen. P. R 16 

Cleburne's Humor 176 

Close Calls 38 


Coley, W. U 

Color Bearer and Guard at Perryville, 

Comment on Stars and Bars 

Confederate Battle Flag 

Confederate Benefaction, A Permanent 

Confederate Cannon at Gainesville, Ala 

Confederate Dead at Little Rock 

Confederate Families L^nited 

Confederate Home of Kentucky 70, 

Confederate Home for Texas Women 

Confeder.ates in U, ,s. Army 

Confederate MonumiMit at Fairfax. Va 

Confederate Monument at Fort Smith. Ark 

Confederate Momunent at Greensboro, Ala 

Confederate Monument at Hampton. Va 

Confederate Monument at Gallatin. Tenn 

at Neosho. Mo 

\t Libert.v. Mo 

It Paris. 

to Kentuckians 


4 69 
4 SO 




Memorial Liter.ary A.ssoclation 

Naval Cadets 



Confederate Regiments in National Guard 

Confederate War Incidents 

Confederate Mt-morial Association 

Confederated Southern Memorial Ass'n....82, 214, 333, 376, 

Confederates in Procession 

Confederates of Jefferson County. Miss 

Cotton Interests in the South 

Courtnay Golden Wedding 

Courtesy Charaeli-ristie of the Lees 

tM'omwell, William Ni-Isou 

Crosses of Honor 

Crosses of Honor at Louisiana Home 

Crosses Returned after l''orty Years 

Cruise of the Shenaiuloah 

Cunningham. Piuil Davis 

D.arling, Mrs. Flora Adams 

Ua rgan, J. T 

D,at.e of Battle of Jonesboro 

Daughters of American R<'Volution 

Davis, Capt. Ben T 

DavLs, Jefferson, Birthday a Legal Holiday 

D.avis, Jefferson, Honored by Texas 

Davis, Jefferson, Momunent 

Davis, Jefferson, Portr.ait by Miss Helm 

D.avis, Jefferson, Portrait for Capitol of Mississippi 

Davis, Jefferson, The 

Dead Angle 32, 394, 

Deiitb of Gen. John Adams 

Death of .Stonewall Jackson 15, 

DeWilt. John H 

Diimer by New York Camp 

Diploma for Veterans 

"Dixie" and "Dixie's Land" 39. 66. 434, 

Doles-Cook Brigade, History of 

Dougli'.s' Battery at Nashvile 



Early in the Valley 23 

Echoes from the Reunion 328 

Ector's Brigade in Battle of Nashville 348 

Editorials. .S, 60, 108. 160. 220, 266, 336, 378, 424, 474, 524, 576 

Eleven Columns 79 

Embarrassing Omissions 377 

Eminent Southern Woman 158 

Emmett, Daniel Decatur 432 

Emmett's Dixie 501 

Engineers in Line of Battle 5h2 

Error? Corrected 7, 397 

Evacuation of Morris Island 71 


Qor>federate V/eteraF} 

Kvaiis. G«n. Clement AtiBflm ^'< 

Evans's SlafT 1*9 

Ewell, Miss Mary K '*" 

Exporlonce on Picket 29 

Failure at Spring Hill 39S 

Kalllifnl Slave and I'rlend 122 

Fight at IJca.l Angle 532 

Fight at Fort Gilmer •'•S7 

Fighting Aroiinil Vickshiiri; 120 

Fighting Jupiler from Yorktown -''39 

Fighting Kllpatrick's Escaiw 5SS 

Firing a Caplureil Cannon at Fort Pillow 291 

First Steam Toriieilo Boat l*""' 

First Tennessee In Mexico l"!" 

l-'lrst Victim of the War •"••'^ 

I-'Irsl While House Association •'' 

Five Confederates at Pelerslnirg 2S(! 

I'laK (if Alabama Regiment "^l 

Flanking Hood at Nashville 58.') 

Forney's Address to His Men ''">"• 

Forrest Covers Hood's Retreat -ISn 

Forrest's Escort ■• -'"' 

lM>rtv 1 lours In a Dungeon SSTi 

Forty-Second Oeorgia Reslmeiil H 

Founder of D. A. R 2TG 

I'ounder of Monteasle 241 

l-'raternal Con\"ention of Veterans 373 

From Red River to Black River 449 

(Save His I^ife for His Flag ■?! 

(leorgia Campaign 76 

(Jeorgla Home. A 22S 

(ieneral Orders V. C. V 539 

(Jordon. Gen. John B 506 

Gordon Ei|Uestrian Statu<- 52 S 

Gordon's First Speech Nortli IS" 

(Jordon Memorial •l-ributes S.S, .",9. S3. 329 

Gordon Monnniinl A.ssoeialion 102 

Govan'.s Brigade at Pickett's Mill 74, ISC 

Oracle's Brigade at Drury's HUiff S92 

Granbur.v. (Jen. H. B 1 " ■' 

I lale. Maj. H. S 3S 

Hall. Col. John Gracey 527 

I lampton. Gen. Wade 213 

Hardee. iA. Gen. W. J 4SiJ 

Hardships of Army in East Tennessee 2IS 

Harrisonliurg Memorial Association 491 

Harris. Dr. John W 171 

Ha.ves Homestead 438 

Heard, Ethel Tillman 151 

Hero of Mobile Bay 11-' 

Historicjil Records to be Preserved 374 

Holconib, Capt. T. H. Inquired for 43S 

1 lome for Needy Confederate Women 487 

i looker on Cheatham's Division 523 

Hood's .Retreat 436 

I louston. Texas 11 

I low Errors Become Historical l^'acts 172 

How Kilpatrlck I^ost Pistols and Holster 177 

1 hmiorons N'iews of War 22(i 

Hunt, I.iciil. C. A 443 

Inspiration of "My (Jld Keiiiiieky 1 lome" .')47 

I ssvies of the \\':i r 5 1 .i 

Jackson, Gen. T. J. i Slon(\v;ill; 174 

Jackson. De.ith of 492 

.lackson .Miinorial Hospital 214 

.Jackson's 'Kittle .Sorrel" « 447 

Kentucky in the Confederacy 79 

I-,c.-, Binllday of Gen. It. E 1.S7 

Lee and Jackson Day 1 12, 43S 

l,ee and Longstreet at Gettysburg 489 

lj(re Memorial Dinner 109 

L,eo Monument in Memphis 2B7, 357 

l,ee to the Rear 109 

Lee, Mrs. J. C 1S6 

I>ee. Dr. J. C, Ser\-ice of 497 

T>ee. Gen. S. D 53 

I.K>e (S. D.) on "Blue and Gray" 502 

Lee's (S. D.) Staff Offlcers 427 

Lee's (S. D. > Part In Checking Rout 350 

Ijetter from Connnander in Chief 337 

I..etter from Dan I-Immetl 433 

I^-tters of th<> '''.O's 24 

Lieutenant GeiuTals Surx'lvlng Si'> 

Lightning Hug Fight, That 449 

Littlejohn. N. C 2S3 

l-ongstreet. G<'n. James 60 

I.,oring and Lowry at Franklin 497 

Loyalty of "Black Mammy" and "Uncle Jeft" 22."> 

Ixiyall.v to Texas \'eterans 15 

Lumpkin, Address by Miss 69 

Lum.sden's Batter.v at Nashville 4S4 

I /ytle's Sword 176 

.Macgill-Hlll Wedding '.24. S82 

Make It a Permanent Feature 57r> 

.Management of\merlcJ\n War Criticised SBO 

Marking Graves of Confederate Prisoners 22.'i 

-McCook's Corps at Chlckamauga 483 

.McGla.shan, Gen. P. M 150 

McCuUoch, Gen. Ben 67 

.Mellen. Albert , 68 

Jlcdical Officers Confederate Army and Navy 374 

.Memorial Day In Shreveport 430 

Memorial Day.s. Regard for 291 

Memorial to Rill Arp 60 

Memorial to Southern Women 469 

Memorial to Women of the Confederacy 335 

Memories of th<' '60's 85 

Messmates 33 

Mississippi Cniiitol 42 

Mississippi ^\'omen 182 

Missouri Battery in Tennes.see Campaign 3S9 

Missouri in the Confederacy 79 

Misrepresentations About the Soutli 25 

Monument to John A. Clarkson 224 

Monmnent to Gen. liordon 102 

Monument to Faithful Slaves 443 

Moore, Mrs. Edwin 103 

Morgan's Ohio Raid 472 

Morris Island 71 

Mosby as a Soldier and Patriot 286 

Mosby's Men not Guerrillas 538 

Mothers of the Confederacy 133. 186, 527 

My Moving Tent — Mrs. Mooney . . . •. 41 

Xasliville's Invitation T 266 

Nashville Reunion, 1904 262 

Nashville and the Reunion, Tril>utes to ;'l 

>jashville Battle Line 441 

Neglect of Shilob National Park .">37 

Negro Question, The 397 

New Words for "Dixie" 432 

North Carolina and Virgini.-i in tlie War - 217 

North Carolina Drum Corps 336 

Northern Rebellion and Soutlurn Secession 575 

Officers Ate the Dog 226 

OftieiMi Report History t:ommittec Grand Camp of Va. . . . 161 

Oldest Motbrr of the Confederacy 123 

Old Muster Rolls 438 

One of Georgia's Youngest Soldiers 4 80 

Partin. Capt. J. J 30 

Partisan Rangers 595 

i'earce. H. D ITS 

IVlham Monument l'^3 

l^erilous Feat of Scouts 121 

Perilous Ride at Chickasaw Hayou 443 

Personal Reminiscenci.'S 175 

Pettus (Gen.) at Lookout .Mountain 395 

Pickens Rifles 219 

Picnic with General Pettus 531 

Pleasant Episode at Franklin 226 

Port Hud.son. Siege of 390 

Price, General Sterling 16 

Qopfederate l/eterai). 

Railroads iind the 'VVoiia's Fair 550 

Randolph, Tom 3S1 

Rare Books 173 

Rash Deed at Dead Angle 394 

Recollections and I^etters of R. B. Leo 54.'i. 583 

Reconstruction Reminiscencos 427 

Recruiting in Ai'kansas, Perils of 495 

Red-Letter Days in Dixie 7S 

Red River to Black River, From 449 

lielative Strength of the Two Armies r)34 

llelic of War or Peace? 39:; 

Reminiscences from the Trans-Mississippi 173 

Reminiscences of the Civil War. Oordon 41 

■ Reminiscences of Chickamaciga 71 

Renewing Subscriptions 475 

Reunion Address 329 

Reunion at L>'nn\iUe n9:i 

Reunion at Nashville 155, 261. 575 

Reunion Assembly at Vaiiderbilt Campus 222 

Reunion Dates 109 

Reunion Committee 220 

Reunion. Kchoes from S2.'< 

Reunion Kxercises 323 

Reunion 5a 

lli'uuion of .Mabama Dix'ision 572 

Rt'union of I'Morida Division S5. 574 

Reunion of Georgia Division 69. 53ti 

Reunion of Kentucky Division 9 

Reunion of North Carolina Division 37S. 521 

Reunion of Second Brigade. Kentucky Division 531, 550 

Reunion of Virginia Division 10 

Reunion of Virginia Grand Camp. .Vnnnal 479 

Ri'union Rates to Jack.son. Tenn 4S0 

Reunion Souvenir Button 263 

Reunion Success 323 

Reunion Suggestions 115 

Reunion Spirit in Nashville 221 

Reunion Surplus 337 

Reunions in Texas 522 

Ringgold Gap Reminiscences 526 

Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1S3 

Routing a Federal Regiment Ill 

Scai'borougli, J. A 2.S 

Secession of Keniuck.v 2SS 

Second Alabama, Company H 490 

Second Campaign to Nashville 436 

Severance. Mrs. Margaret 379 

.Shenandoah. Cruise of the 489 

Siege of Port Hudson 390 

Siege of Spanish Fort 591 

Siege of Vieksburg 77 

Signal Corps Confederate Army 224 

Shiloh National Park 537 

.Shining Marks in Death 423 

Slave Monmnent Question 525 

Smith. Mrs. Cutler 349 

Smith's, Melancthon. Battery 532 

South Carolina Booltlet 217 

Sontliern Womanhood 15 

Southern Woman's Memorial Hall 334, 335, 469 

Snowden. R. B 267 

.Spanish Fort 354 

.Spring Hill and Battle of Franklin 341 

Stahlman. K. C 423 

State Momniient at N'ieksbnrg 107 

Stewart, Gen. A. P 392 

Stole a Hog 30 

"Stonewall" of the Confederate Navy 230 

•■^lockton. Robert H 3S0 

Story of an Old l'"lag 353 

Success of the Reunion 323 

Survivors Company F, 12th Alabama SI 

Survivors ConCederato Navy 373 

Swearing 336 

Swell's Batler.v al Jonesboro 112 

Swift Retribution for House Burning 472 

Taulman Family 226 

Tebault. Miss Corinne 262 

Tennessee in the Confederacy 

Texan Wlio Held Gen. Lee's Horse. 

Texas Hero Day 

Texas War Relics 

Thanks from IVIrs. Gordon 

Thomas, Gen. George H 

Thomas's Re.gard for the South 

Three Hundred Mile Raid 

Tisdal. Marriage of N. R 

Toombs. J. H 

Townsend. Mrs. Mary Ashley 

Tribute to a Comrade 

Tribute to Bill Arp 

Tributes to General Gordon 

Tribute to the Soutli 

Tribute to the Women of the '60':. 
Trousdale Home for Confederates. . . 

Troy's. Col. D. S., &ash 

Truth of History 

.131, 159, 







































































V. Camps 26, 

V. Camp, Mar.vland Line 

V. Camp. New York City 33, 

V. Camp at Fredericksburg 

V. Trans-Mississippi Department 

C. Chapter at Bainbrldge, (Ja 

l!T (.Chapter at Bardslown. K.v 

C. (^Iiapler at Gainesville, Fla. i Kirhy-Smilh ) 

C. Chapter at Hubbard City, Texas 

C. Chapter at Mempliis, Temi. t Harvey Mathes) . . . . 

C. Chapter at Lynchburg, Va. i Old Douiiniuni 

C. Chapter at San Jose, Cal 

C. Chapter at Norcross, Ga 

C. Convention in Charleston 

C. Convention, Florida Division 

C. Convention in Sherman, Tex 

C. Convention in St. I^ouis 107, 37.S, 

C. Convention in Texas 

C. Conventiitn 524, 

C. of Texas to the President 

C. Day at Monteagle 

C. Minutes 

C. in Montana 

. C. Invitation to 

C. Hcadqu.arters at St. Ijouis 

C. Convention, Virginia Division 

C. of Nashville at the Reunion 

C. President's Report 

C. President at Rome, Ga., Honored 

C. Report Historical Committee 

C. Report Historical Comniitteo, Arkansas Division... 
C. V 

C, V. Convention 

C. V. Headciuarters 

C. V. Official Staff 

C. V. Order 

■1 the Flag 


























Veteran Headquarters 265 

Vetei-ans Crossing Over 13,') 

\'icksburg Siege 77 

v. M. I. Biography 223 

Virginia Monimient and Cemeter.v 4.»:5 

Waller Correspondence 229 

Walthall, Gen. B. C 473 

Walthall's Brigade at Chickamauga 483 

Walthall's Brigade, Records of 44S 

War Time Experiences at Franklin 423 

Washington Light Infantry 580 

Watkin's Farm 441 

Weed, Capt. F. W 182 

What "Marching Through Georgia" Means 444 

Wheeler in Atlanta Campaign 589 

Wheeler on Sherman's Flank in Georgia 582 

Willie House Association 5 

Why the South Fired the First Shot 2.S4 

Wilcox, J. W 40 

Wives and Widows of Texas Veterans 231 

Woman's Appeal for a Woman 547 



Qor^federatc l/eterar}. 

Woman's Bciu-vok-ni Society of Xa«hvil|p 2Sii 

Woods. Miss Maud Coleman I " I 

Wortliy a Ponslon --^ 

WrlRlit. Mrs. S. S "1 

YounK Soldi<TS of llx' funfiHlpnicy ISI. 4S0. .%Js 


.\ Mls.fOurlan on llie Surnmlor <"•" 

.\ Soutliern Roso *1~ 

At ArlinBton SSI 

.\ Truo Romance !"!• 

Auld LanK Svno (Paraplirased) ''SI 

Dixie 1S<- "* 

Dixie — New Version *SI 

Dixie's Glory -■»•" 

Kvery Year *"'"' 

Fight of RiKlil aeainst Miglit -»- 

Flag of tlip .'^outliland ••"•N 

General (Jordon '>'>■ 1*1 

General Wade Hampton 2 1 .". 

I Am Dreamine """ 

I'm a Good Old Rebel -** 

Jim of Blloxi ■'^'''• 

Johnny R«'b in the Snow I ■'!' 

I.<iciist Bloom for Confederate Dead --'- 

My Mother 1^' 

Passing Away ■' ■• 

Our Brother.s in Black -■! 1 

Stonewall Jack.son ' 1 '' 

Sherman's Raid Thro' Georgia !""• 

Shlloh "3S 

Sons of Veterans ISfi 

Soldiers on a Horse 553 

Spirits Immortal 398 

The Army of Northern Virginia 242 

The Bugles of the Gray 5S7 

The Day before .Xppomaltox Sail 

The Empty Saddle ■•»« 

The Last Reveille 21» 

The Lord's Prayer 293 

The Man in Gray 44n 

The Red, White, and Red .'..ii 

The Reunion SiiO 

The Young Hero 13.') 

Two Old Johnnies 50."> 

The Uni3uccessful SG 

Virginia Sn.", 


Burial of Gen. Granbury IT.'i 

Banner ot Joseph H. Lewis Camp 40:; 

Battle Abbey at St. Louis .'iOJ 

Brown Monument at Pulaski 49!i 

Burned District in Baltimore 19". 

Church at A.shwood 34" 

Carter House at Franklin 340 

Color Bearer and Guard 1 6th Tennessee 47."> 

Confederate Cemetery at I'ranklin 341 

Cannon Captured at Manila 2S2 

Confederate Home of Tennessee 32."j 

Confederate Officers in Prison 283 

Confederate Monument at Paris, Texas 120 

Cotton Gin at Franklin 340 

Court House at Trenton, Tenn 291 

Davis's Prison Cell .S 

Decor.ations at Newport News Reunion 1 1 

Dixie's Land 434 

Donelson Camp Group 14.'> 

F.icsimile Pearce's Discharge 178 

I'lag ot St. Mary's C.vnnoneers 333 

Flag Presented Tenn. Div. U. D. C, by Mrs. Jno. C. Brown.. ."i30 

Floral Tributes to Gen. Gordon 133 

Forrest's Home at Hernando, Miss 279 

Fortress Monroe .'* 

Group of Mosby's Men 2S7 

Group of Reunion Committee 321 

Group on Porch of Soldiers' Home of Tenne.ssee 325 

Hamilton Hotel, St. Louis 419 

Harrison House 

Home of Joseph H. Thompson 

Hood's Point of View Where Line Broke 

Hood's \"lewpoint at Franklin 

Inauguration of Jefferson Davis 

Johnson House 

Ijingley Hall 

Kentucky Conf«rdcrate Home 

I^ealand, Home of Judge J. .•!. I/i-n 

l..awn of R.iines Place 

l.rfiwn of Old Overton Home 

Lawn of Overton Lea's Home 

McGavock Residence 

Memphis Company of Confederates 

Mississippi Capitol 

.Monument at .\nder.son. S. C 

Monument .at I'ort Smitli. Ark 

Monument at I'-airfax, Va 

MonumiMit .it Greensboro. N. C 

Monument at Kentucky Confederate Honu- 

.Monument at Liberty. Mo 

Monument at Neosho, Mo 

Monument of Wa.shington Liglit Infantry 

Nashville Wiiarf in the 'fiO's 

North Carolina Drum Corps 

Private John Allen at Home 

Pittslnirg Landing whi-re Buell's Army Crossed 

Officers of Florida Division'u. C. V 

Officers of Kentucky Division l'. C. V 

Raccoon 1-touglis 

Residence of George .-Vrmistead, Franklin 

Residence of Hugh Moore, Brentwood 

Residence of Gen. S. D. Let- 

Residence of Thomas S. Stevens 

Residence of Wesley Greenfleld 

Rokeby. The Hayes Homestead 

Shy's Hill 

Reunion Button 

Sponsors U. S. C. V 

State Monument at Vicksburg 

Survivors Compan\' F, IJtIi Alabama 

The Parthenon, t'entennial Parit 

The Rains' House 

The Sheppard Picture's 

The Trousd.'ile Home 

Traveler's Rest, Overton Home 

Troop A, Nashville Confederates 

U. D. C. Group at Charleston 

Van Chise, Home of Gov. Humphreys of Miss 

Vanderbilt Campus 

View of Franklin , 

\'iews of Richmond 

\'iews of Reunion Parade 

War Skelclies 40, 

Wliite I lou.sf of the Confederac.v 

Where Cleburne l-'eli 

Wlnstead Hill 



. l::4 I Brinker, J. T 

Brown Bivouac Dead 

Buckner, Col. J. A . . . 

Rurcb, .Mrs. E. B. . . . 

Burt. Ci.l. N. H 

Butt. I'. .M 

Allston, Capt. J. B. . . . 

Ami.s, Wm. II 34 

.\niison, Wm 402 

Andenson, Maj. D. W.... 23G 

.\imstrong. Rich !•' 356 

Arnold, S. A 23.i 

Balch, L. C 498 

Beall, Capt. D. T 191 

Bcall, H. D 399 

Bee, B. M 451 

Beck, Dr. J. D 192 

Belton, Dr. W. H 36. 232 

Bennett, Capt. F 453 

Bllisoly, Jas. L 545 

Birchett, Dr. T. G 87 

Biggs, R. J 124 

Bledsoe, B. B 239 

Branch, Mrs. L. O'B.... 234 

Brennan, Thos. M 297 

Brew, W. P .' 299 

G. J. 
. J. A . 


Camp. Bcn.i. F. . 
Carmichael. S. W 
Chapman, Col 
Clu-.athani. M.a.i 
i^lardy. J. F. 
Coati\s, Dr. W. 

Coffey, W. H 

Congdon, Capt. Geo. R 

Conner, J. H 

Cooper, Dr. W. H 

Cunnirighain, Col. P. I 
r\irl, David S 

DeGournay, Col. P. 
Dodds, J. C 

34 U 


5 4 5 



Qo[>federal:^ l/eterai). 

Dodson. Col. E. M 

Douglas, Gen. H. Kyd. . . . 

Dunn. J. Thos 

Dysart, Dr. B. G 

Easlc.v. A. G 

Edgar, Edward 

Edwards, Mrs. P. 1'" 

Elkln.s, Col. Jn.i. 1, 

Fa rley, F. O 

Fcltus, L. V 

Ferguson, M. M 

FerRU.son,l{i;v. S. G 

Fields, Capt. Hugh 

I'"itzgerald, B. S. ." 

Garrett, Maj. W. R 

Gayle, P. H. S. & Mary A. 

Gepliard, S. A 

Gordon, Jno. B 192, 

Green, S. P 

Groner, Gen. V. D 

Gulce, J. G 

Hampton. W.adi' 

Harri.s. Hiv. J. ,1 

Harris, J. T 

Harvey, W. A 

Ilondiicks. Jas. A 

Holmes. Nat 

Hollowell. Tims. R 

Hudson. Mrs. A. C 

Huffni.'tn, George 

Ingrahain, Col. Prentiss. . 

Jones, Dr. .1. C 

Jones, Dr. J. t, 

.tones, Capt. K. R 

Jones, Col. T. P 

Jojner, J. T 

Kennedy, D. N 

King. H. Clay 

King, W. C ] 

King. W. F 

Lewis. (5en. Jos. H 

Logan, Dr. H. G 

l.ongstreet, G<'n. Jas... si;, 
Lusk. Mary Toild 

Mallard. Col. J. J 

Margart. G. M 

Marniaduko. Col. Vincent. 
Marstellcr, Dr. A. A.... 

Martin. Dr. R. W 

Mason. Capt. Robl. H.... 

'Me.\li)jne. Jas. A 

MeGuistoii. \V. T 

McDonald. Geo. L 

McDonald. Capt. Geo. W. . 

Ml Ghee. T. J 

JItKissick, Col. D. R. . . . 

McLendon. A. .1 

McNeill. Rev. K B 

Meade, Da\ id .V 

Miller, B. R 

.Miller, Capt. G. B 

Mitchell, Dr. R. \V 

Mobley. B. B 

Moore. Ja.s. Wm 

Neil. Dr. J. B 

Adams. Mrs. \V. C 

Alford, George F 

Allen. Theo F 

Alderson. J. C 

Ander.sou. Joseph R..:;JH. 
Anderson. Mrs. I*allnn.. 

Aston. Mrs 

Atkins. Smith 1) 

Banks. Col. R. 
Barron, S, D. . . 
Beall. T. B 

Heiin. Mrs, .Ins 

Bed.-. II, Ml. .1. 





54 2 




4 50 
4 53 
4 52 

4 46 
4 S3 


O'Neal. Daniel 191 

O'Neal, G. W 597 

Parker, Jas. (J 

Parr, Capt. D. G 

Payne, Gen. W. H 

Peel, Dr. R. H 

Pendleton. L. B 39S. 

Perrin. Col. Jno. T 

Peters. Jno. B 

Porter. W. P 

Priest. S. S 

Proctor. Jno. R 

Prultt, J. A 

Randle. E. Troop 

Reynolds, L. W 

Richards. S. L 

Rivenbark. C. W. . . . 

Rives, Mrs. E. C 

Robert, Rev. P. G 

Robertson. Jno. S. . . . 

Rcdgers. Geo. E 

Rogers, A. J 

Russell. Capt. Milton. 




Sandusky. Dr. G. C 542 

Sands. Col. R. M 544 

S^coll, Dr. Jno. 295 

Scurry Camp Memliers. . . 596 

Sefton. Mrs, Thos 546 

Sharkey. Wm 599 

Sherfessee. Louis 232 

Shorl. 1!. F 499 

Sloan, v.. K 404 

Small. R. H 235 

Smith, Chas. H 124 

Smith, H. T 

Squires. J. W 

Stall. F. A 

Stanly, Maj. T. B. . . 
Starr. Capt. Henry . 

Stone. Wm. J 

Stout. Mrs. S. H. . . . 


Symnies. F. M 130 

Taliaferro. Felix T. . . . 

Tate. Wm. B 

Taylor. Col. Thos 

Taylor. Col. W 

Therrel. Dr. J. F 

Thompson. Gov. H. S. . . 
Trawick. Mary Alberta. 

Trice. Stephen B 

Tuttle. Rev. R. M 


"Uncle Claiborne" 453 

Walker. Thos. E . . . 

Watts. Elijah 

W< issing. Mrs. Mar: 
Welch, Capt. W. G 
Whitesides, W. K. . 
Wiggs, Capt, R. C 
Williams. Capt. A. 
Williams. Gen. .las 


Wohleben. Herman 
^^'ood. Jno. T.aylor 




1!. . . . 

ViMlni.'in. Tt«^nrv ... 

. 296 


Bell. Mrs. U. 1) 

. 153 

Bell. G. W. R 


Bell. Capt. Jno. S 

. 447 

Behan, Mrs. W. J 

. 333 

Berkeley, Carter 


Berkcle>-. Capt. F. B . . . 

. 175 

Berry. J. M 

. 170 

Billings. H. M 

. 177 

Bingham. Capt. Jno. H. 


Blackmore, .1, W 

. 152 

Hlair. W. 1. 


l;lair. J. W. 1 

. 532 

Hlaneliaid. Guv 

. 397 

ISohon. W. K 

. asu 

Box, Sam SO 

Boyd. Hon. J. W 7 

Brainard. Mrs. M 178 

Brannock. T. Y '595 

Broun. Wm. LeRoy 20 

Brown. Jos. M 134 

Brown. Tully 325 

Browne. Dr. M. S 4 47 

Buck, S. D 23 

Burke. Mrs. S. C 103 

Cabell, Gen. W. L 173. 183 

Calhoun, W. L 528 

Carmack. E. W 154 

Carr, Mrs. O. A 481 

Carter, T. G 385 

Carter, W. P 600 

Chambers, W. P 123 

Chapman. W. S 390 

Christian. George L 101 

Clarkson. Jno. H 224 

Compton. E. F 123 

Coffey. W. H 30 

Cooper. Col. D. B 337 

Cox, Thos. P 440 

Crowe, Jas. R 538 

Crump. G. K 52S, 4S0 

Cullins. G. T 354. 436 

Cimningliam. Capt. F. . . . ISl 

Daffan. Miss Kate 84. 159 

Daniel. Mrs. L. C 396 

Dargan, J. T 292 

Davidson. Hugh 279 

Davis. Eli 591 

Davis. W. H 76. 589 

Davis. M. A 426 

Doak. If. M 287 

Dodson. W. C 582 

Dowdell. Mrs 195 

Doylc, J. H 175 

Duke, Mrs. H. M 289 

Dunlap. Sam B 289 

Eggleston. J. R 113 

Erwin, Jos 112 

Fall. P. H 11 

Finlay. L. W 110 

Fitzgerald. Bishop 327 

Fontaine. Lamar 327 

Forney, Gen. Jno. H 533 

Foster, Maj. W. F 274 

Frazier, Gov. J. B 324 

G., A. G lis 

Garnctt, Mrs. K. N 84 

Garrard, L. T 350 

Gass, W. T 38, 6S 

Gaut, Mrs. Jno. C 422 

Gee. L. G 47S 

Gibson. Thos 482 

Gibson. W. W 326 

Gielow, Mrs. M. S 347 

Gildersleeve. Dr. J. R. . . . 377 

tjoodman. Luke 594 

Gould. J. McKee 394 

Graham. A. A 224 

Uamill, Dr. H. M 540 

Hamill. H. E 6. 529 

Hamilton. W. F 423 

Hamlett, Helen 135 

Hammond, Rev. W. E. . . . 230 

Harbaugh, T. C..219, 305, 587 

Hardee. Gen. W. J 17 

Harding, R. J 109 

Hardy, Mrs. C 181 

Harling. Stan C 73 

Harris, Dr. Jno. W 170 

Hay, C. C 186 

Hefner, A. 11 US 

Hickman. Mrs. Jno. P. .263. 421 

llcwitl, Fayette 471 

HiU, A. B 527 

Hill, Jas. M 18 

Hirsh, J. E 2!' 

Hockersmith, P. B 227 

Hockersmith, H. H 443 

Holmes. Emory 267 

Hord. B. M...67. 225. 385, 469 

Howry, Charles B 473 

Huffman, W. T 575 

Hunt, V. v.. M.D 503 

Inman, S. M 54S 

Iniser, Capt. Jno \V...177, 541 

Irwin, Mrs. J. W 537 

Ives. W. M 22S 

Jamison, J. C 548 

Jastrcmski. Leon 425 

Johnston. Col. J. S 470 

Jones. Ed D 595 

Jones. Dr. J. Wm 174 

Jones. Judge T. G 329 

Kcllar, Dr. J. M 397 

Kelley. D. C 392 

Key. T. J 390 

Kiiloiigh. J. M 121 

Kemp, Miss G. W 187 

King. Dr. W. F 276 

Kirby. Jno. L 441 

Kniglit. Landon 195 

Kooh. L. L. J 225 

Langhorne, Jas. K 354 

Lawrence. Mrs. L. H 440 

Lee, R. E 437 

Lee. R. B.. Jr 583 

Lee, Gen. S. D. 

1S4. 269. 325. 334, 337, 502 

Leer, Mrs. C. C 70 

Lewis, Maj. E. C 278 

Littlejohn, N, B 283 

Logan. John 32 

Lowrance, W. B 217 

Lumpkin. Miss E. C 69 

Lyie, Jno. N 112 

MacKethan. (•'.. R 133 

Martin. Jno. 11 113 

Maxwell. J. R 484 

May. Dr. T. J 587 

Mayes, R. 1! 243 

Mc.Vlllster. J. C 473 

McCann. Jas. M 242. 359 

McClanahan. W. F 491 

McCorkle. H 441 

McCulloch, Robert 427 

McCutclun, Mrs. S. R.... 79 

McDonald. M. J 480 

McDonald. Capt. S. K. . . . 219 

McMurray. Dr. W. J 395 

McNab. Laura J 15 

Miekle. Gen. W. E 55 

Merchant, Mrs. W. C. N.. 63 

Miller. E. H 595 

Miller. .M. A 279 

Minnich. J. W 539 

Moore. E. L 15 

Moore. Jno. C 110 

Morris. Miss Evie 522 

MoiTison, Rev. J. H 228 

Morton. T. C 70 

Murff. Ilc.ii. A. J 430 

Nelson. 11. K 12. 32 

Noe, Rev. F. R 222 

Norman. .1. D 283 

Ockenileii. I. .\l. ]' 36. 179 

Ogburn. K. S 173 

Olds. Mrs. F. A 440 

Oliver, W. T 525 

Ouslcy, Clarence 231 

0\erley, Milford 444 


Qopfcderate l/eteraij. 

Owen. Edward 575 

Park. Capt. R. E 81. SS 

Parkor. Jtidei- A. B 353 

Pattlson. W. W 443 

Pearson. W. SI 25 

PcTklns. Rev. J. B IS 

Pickett. Mrs. U C 531 

Pickett. Col. W. D 32S. 277 

Pike. Albert 406 

Polk. W. A 587 

Port>'r. Oav. J. D 

272. 341. 4SC. 523 

Pi.rti-r. Capt 430 

Powell. W. C 592 

PiiRli. Mrs. T. B 13G 

Randolph. Iiinis 244 

K.-iltan. Oeorge G 438 

Rattan. T. H 449 

R.-ddl.sli. P. W 335 

Rees, W. H 2S5 

Roese, Gen. George 2S6 

Rice. C. S. 77 

Richards. Capt. W. T 31 

RIcliurd.s. Prof. J. F 21S 

Ridley, B. I.. 504 

Riecke. A. W 39 

Rltter. Wm. U 195 

Robert.son. Helen C 353 

Rr.bin.son. E. H 490 

Rogers. Jas. R 183 

Rose. E. B 182 

Rounsaville. Mr.'i. J. A ... . 61 

Rowlaml. Miss K. .M..TS, 4.S7 

Rucker. Gen. E. AV 439 

Russ. I.. H 291 

Russell. W. F 13 

Rutlodge, A. H 110 

Salmon. H. W 182 

Scales. D. M 489 

Sanford. D. B 575 

.Scott. H. H 58S 

Sea, A. M 9 

Sea, Mrs. S. F 288 

Seay. W. M 229 

ScarhoniuBli. J. A 28 

.Schurman. Miss Janet. . . . 284 

Shartburne. George I) 121 

.Shaw. J. D 477 

Skill. -ni. T. M 175 


Adams, Gen. .luiin 482 

Amiss. IJr. W. H 34 

,\Tulirsi)ii. Miss .\lma R.. 227 

Ai\(lir.son. MaJ. O. W 236 

.\nder.son (jrandchildn-n . . 574 

.Srmstrong, Richard I'". . . . 3.".7 

Atkinson, Willie Jean 37.". 

Barker. Capt. W. B 2.S1 

Balch. L. C 49S 

Ballentine. W. D 561 

Bannerman, Jas Keating... 455 

Beale, Mrs. J. D :!9 

Beall. Col. H. n 400 

Behan. Mrs. W. J 82 

Bell, Mrs. H. D 215 

Bertinatti, Madame E. R. . UU 

Benning. Gen. 11. I< 114 

I3iles, J. C ■175 

Birchelt, Dr. T. G HI 

linhoii, \\'. K. :iSU 

Bott. Irene P 4SS 

Bower. Miss Italja .'!5I 

Bower, M#i. E. C 1 1 H 

Branch, Gen. L. Oli 2:!.". 

Branch, Mr.s. L. OB 23 4 

Breckenridge, Gen. J. C. 'M>'.t 

Brennan, T. M 2!i7 

Brewer, W. P 299 

Brinker, J. T sfl.S 

Sher\^'Ood. I. R 530 

Sloan. W. E 325 

I Sniartt. J. P 353 

Smith. Capt. J. D 221, 483 

SmIUi, E. A 448, 473 

Smith. E. W 531 

Smith. W. H 532 

Smythe, Mr.s. .\. T 570 

Sperry. M. W 490 

Stanberry. Mrs. L. K. . . . 187 

Stansel. W. B 592 

Stephens. A. A 390 

Stephenson. P. D 580 

Stewart. Gen. A. P 273 

Slinson. Dr. J. E 360 

Sumpter. J. N 30 

Taylor. J. N 426 

Taylor. M. F 492 

Taulman. J. E 220 

Tenipleton. J. A 24 

Tlsdal. N. R :!35, 475 

Thomas, I.,. R 14 

Tomb, J. H lOi; 

Traylor, Jno. H 534 

Trigg. S. C 120 

Truman. W. L 27 

Tunnell. J. T 34S 

Twiggs. Judgi; H. D. D. . . 104 

Tyler. H. A 430 

W.. M. B 335 

Walker, Mrs. S. IT 391 

Warlick. J. C 17S 

Watkins. Jno. H 337 

Westbrook. G. W 220 

Wharton. M. B 431 

White. Miss M. 1 30 

Williams, Mrs. D. II 472 

Williams. Jno. S 517 

Williams. Mayor 324 

Williams. Mr.s. V. M Ci: 

William.son, C. A 71 

Willis. Mrs. R. N 72 

Wilcox. J. W 2;i1 

Wills, Maj. A. W :T4 

Wilson, J. M 4:i.-. 

Wilson, Uni Ill 

Wyeth, Jno. A 4iiT 

Young. B. II :ini 

Young, Judge J. P 1 Tii 

Young. T. J n 7 


Burch. Mrs. Birdie B 498 

Burt. N. H 193 

Cabell. Gen. W. 1. 

Carlton. Wilson 

Carmack, E. W 

Carr. Mrs. O. A 

Chadwick, U.v. \V. 1). . . 
Che.-ithain. .Maj. J. .\ . . . . 

Chestnut. O. Ij 

Cliri.stian. Judge G. T/. . . 
Christian. Mrs. J. D. . . . 
Ciaypooie. .Miss Addle... 

Clark. Mildred I-ee 

Cleburne. Gen. P. R 

Clower. T. IT 

Coley. \V. II 

CoojJer. M. K 

Cravens. Miss Batson... 
Cromwell, Wm. Nelson. 

Cummin.s, Mrs. J. A 

Cunningham. Beatrice. . . 
Cunningham. Paul l>. . . 

Daffan, Miss Kate 

Daniel. Dr. F. K 

Dargan. J. T 

Davis. C. C 

Davis, JelTerson 

Davis, Miss Pauline. 
Dauglilr.v, Miss F. R 








Dodson. Col. E. M 402 

Doughty. J. J 106 

Dowdell. Mrs. A. C 216 

Drake. R. W 81 

DeWltt. John H 267 

Ea&on. J. H 81 

Edmonds. Mrs. Plioebe. . . 188 

Elklns. Jno. L 450 

Emmett. D. D 432 

Evans, Gen. C. .\ 55 

Ewell. Miss Mary K 547 

Fant. Mrs. P. R 217 

Farley, F. 240 

Fonnell. Miss E. M 442 

Field. Al G 501 

Field, Hugh 451 

Fleld.s. Miss Valeria T 7 

Flnlay, Col. 1,. W 110 

Foster, Maj. W. F 274 

<5alt, Laura Talbot 440 

Gaul. Mrs. Jno. C 422 

Garrett. .Maj. W. R 129 

Garrett. Miss Pearl B 118 

C5ee. Miss Eula 478 

G<'e. I.,. G 478 

Gilder. Miss Bess L, -327 

(ii.rdon. Gen. Jno. B.41. 50. 292 

Gore, M. L, 33 

Groner, Gen. V. D 294 

Hale, Maj. H. S 38 

Ibirapton, Gen. Wade 209 

llaldee. Gen. W. J 486 

Harrison. F. M 5G1 

Haynes. A. H 336 

ll.ard. Miss SlUiel T 151 

llindren. MLss M. L. 347 

Hitt, W. M 103 

Hi.hson. Mrs. S. P 470 

Herd, B. M 383 

Hudson, Mrs. A. C 194 

Jackson's Cook 323 

.Tcwett. Dr. M. W 480 

Johnson. Gen. A. R 3115 

.Johnson. W. T 330 

Jones, Dr. J. C 238 

Jones. Miss Mar.v A 351 

Jones. Hon. Thos. G 333 

Kemper. Miss .Sophia .... 70 

Kennedy, D. N 298 

Kinney. Miss Belle 454 

Kinney. Maj. and Wife. . . 353 

Latham. G. A 501 

Lee. Mrs. .1. C 186 Gen. S. D 33, 237 

T>emonds, XL 494 

hewi.s. Gen. Jos. II 403 

Lewis, J. J 336 

lavely. Miss Ida 113 

I-o.uan, Dr. H. G 500 

l.ouKstreet, Gen. Jas SO 

Lumpkin. Miss E. E 69 

Maguire, Mrs. M. P 280 

Mallard, Col. J. J 36 

.Martin. Dr. R. W 239 

.Mason, Capt. R. B 404 

Mc.\lpine, Jas. A 401 

McCollum, Col. J. L 31 

McCulloch, Gen. Ben 67 

McCulloch. Capt. Robert.. 429 

McConnell. Jno 475 

McDonald. Mat J 480 

McGavoek. Mrs. John 342 

.VlcGlashan. Gen. P. A 150 

.McMurray. Dr. W. J 397 

.Meiehant. Mrs. \V. C. N.. 64 

.Miller. B. B 597 

Miller. G. B 453 

Mickle. Gen. W. E 373 

Moblev, E. B 596 

.Mntflt, H. L 475 

Moore, Mrs. Edward 103 

.Morgan, J. M 33 

Mosby. Charles 1 S 1 

Mosby. Col. Jno. S 287 

Murrell. Mrs. D. G 503 

Mjers. Miss C. L 277 

Noll. Dr. J. B 599 

Officers Florida Division. 561 

Park. Capt. RE 81 

Parr. Capt. D. 233 

Peel. Dr. R. H 190 

Phllpot. Miss loin 374 

Pickens. Mrs. M. G 4 76 

Pickett, Mr.s. L. C 88 

Pickett. Col. W. D 27S 

Porti-r. Mrs. P. G 280 

Porter, Gov. J. D 345 

Price. Gen. Sterling 1 

Quarles. J. S 33 

Randolph. Tom 381 

Rattan. T. H 449 

K.dd. F. F 331 

Iteynolds. L. W 403 

Rico, C. S. 77 

Riggins. Miss Paltie 484 

Robert. Res-. P. G 543 

Roberts. Mrs. Edmonda . . 471 

Robertson. F. L 561 

Robinson. Miss Martha.. 350 

Roby. Wm. A 455 

Sandusky. Dr. G. C 545 

Saiissy. G. N 561 

Scott. Dr. Jno. 295 

Sefton. Mrs. Thos 546 

Short. B. F 498 

Severance. .Mrs. Margaret. 379 

Simmons. N. R 81 

Smartt. Miss Myra 346 

Smith. Mr. & Mrs. Cutler. 349 

Smitll. Dr. D. A 561 

Smith, W. D 336 

Snowden. R. B 268 

Sponsors U. S. C. V 387 

Stanly, Maj. T. E 356 

Stewart. Gen. A. P 392 

Stockton. R. H 380 

Stone. Wm. J 542 

Street, Miss Nannie P.... 347 

Sullivan, Pauline 489 

Tale. W. B 191 

Tebault, Miss Corlnne.... 262 

Thcma.s, Elizabeth.. 264 

Thomas, Gen. G. H 275 

Thomas, Maj. Jno. \V. . . . 266 

Thomas, Col. L. P 14 

Tindall, Miss Leona 400 

Ti.>-dal. Com. and Wife... 423 

Townsend. Mrs. M. .\ . . . . 477 

Trawick. Mary .\ 1S9 

Trice, Stephen E 298 

Twiggs. Judge II. |i r> . 104 

Vardeman, Gov. Jas. K.. 540 

Walker, Gen. C. 1 335 

Walthall. Gen. E. C 465 

Walton, J. B 561 

Ware, G. P 81 

Warren, Rev. J. H 241 

Washburn, L 33 

Weed, Capt. T. W 182 

Wharton. Rev. M. B 465 

White, W. H 473 

Wilcox, J. W 40 

Williams, .Mrs. J. J 593 

WilliaTiis. Jno. Sharp.... 313 

\\'ilsoii. Lowry 600 

Wilson, Miss Stella 70 

Woods, Miss Maud C 101 

Woods, Capt. S. 13 

Wright, Mrs. S. S 72 

Yeates, Frances 72, 285 

Yeatman, Henr.v 296 

Yoimg, Eliza Bennett... 29u 

The Death of Gen. J. B. Gordon, Jan'y 9, Is Occasion for National Sorrow. 
Vol. 13 NASHVII,I.B, TENN., JANUARY, 1904 No. i 

Qopfederate l/eterap 



(Si-o p^iiTi- 17.) 

|The picture of Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne on this page is from an old photograph enlarged and for sale by Col. H. G. Evans, 
of Columbia, Tcnn., for the tenclit of a fund with which to erect a shaft to Cleburne's memory, in the old churchyard at Ash' 
wood, in the Polk settlement, where he was lirst buried. It was there lliat Cleburne expressed a wish to be buried sliould he 
not survive the battle that was ininiincni. and which was fought at Franklin. In accordance wiili that wish, his body rested 
there for several years. It was llicn taken back to liis home at Helena, Ark,, and a monument erected; but it is fitting that 
the first scpulcher of his body should be marked by a shaft in his honor.] 


'By yill Processes 

COPPER PLATE Reception and Wedding 

Cards, Society Invitations, Calling Cards, 

and Announcements. 
ST EEL DIE EMBOSSED Monograms and 

Business Stationery in the latezt styles. 

lustratioe purposes — the oery best made. he graphic 

Commercial Work, Color Posters in special 
designs for all purposes — Bivouac and Re. 
union Occasions. 

Grande-- Printing Companv 


Manufacfurin^ Stationers, 
Printers, and GeneraLl Office Outfitters 

O^e Union L^entral 

JUifo >Jn 




ASSETS JAN. I. 1902 


No Fluctuating Securities, 
Larjiest Rate of IrtteresI, 
Lowest Death R&le, 

Ervdowments at Life 
Kates and Frofit-Sh&ring 
Policies SpecieLlities. 

Large and Increasing Dividends to Policy 

Desirable Contracts and Good Territory open 
for Live Agents, Address 

JAMES A. YOWELL, State Agent, 

27 and 28 Chamber of Commerce, NASHVILLE, TENN. 


322, 324, i^6, 328 GREEN SIREET, LOllSVIUi;, kY. 


Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 
States. These monuments cost from five to thirty thousand dollars. The 
following is a partial list of monuments the}- have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 

Cynthiana, Ky. 
Lexington, Ky. 
Louisville, Ky. 
Raleigh, N. C. 
J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

Helena, Ark. 
Helena, Ark. 
Macon, Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Thomasville, Ga. 
Sparta, Ga. 

Dalton, Ga. 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Coluinbia, Tenn. 

Shelbyvillc, Tenn. 

Franklin, Tenn. 

Kentucky State Monument, 
Chickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
mauga Park, Ga. 

Winchester, Va. 

When needing first-class, plain, or artistic work made from the finest qual- 
ity of material, write them for designs and prices. 

(Confederate l/eterai>. 

^he Li'Verpool 
and London 

.yigencies Ghroughoui 
. ... the XOorld 


and Globe 
In^surance Co. 


^*" o{ Uie l^iiitcd Stales I.ife-S;iving Slations rescue inAiiv storm- JJ 

sirickcn souls and save many lives, but their work is iiisigniti- JT 
c.tnl as compared with the ^ 

Liver, Blood, 
Kidney Tonic 

Lives Saved, iho Health Renewed. ^ 

an. I ihc lun-ilowii Systems ReinvlRorated I'y 5» 

Dr. DeWitt's Liver, Blood, and Kidney Tonic. | 

Tlip ■;re:il work is acL(m)|)lishcil bv enriching the blood and [X 
establishing; sound dijrcsiion, the Iwo'kcys to lony^ life and vig^- T 
omus lioallb. It is nature's quick relief and sure cure for 
Uriybfs Disease. Oiabetrs. Jaundice, Malaria, Indammation of 
the Bladder, Pains under the Shoulders, Lumbajjo, llhenma- 
lisin. l)yspe^>sia, I- dijrestion, I*ains in Iho Hack, Muscular 
Weakness. Side Aclie, inipurit'- of the Blood, Unbealihv Com- 
plexion, I.iver Disease, I-einale Complaints. Kidney Disease. 
>erofula. Nasal and Intestinal Catarrh, and the numerous ail 
meiilsand diseases caused bv Impure Blnod, 

W. R. Ui-yant. Arlington, Tenn., wish- 
es the address of some member of Com- 
pany B. Twenty-Sixth Tennessee Infan- 
try, of which he was a member. He and 
a comrade named Edwards were the only 
members of the company present at the 
surrender in North Carolina. 


nTliroiit, l.iiitf », IK'uf* 

Viifss. Kh(1 Itrcatli, 

I'UKKII While Voa 

SI.KI-:r. Hnid Cnses 

preferreil. CiOdayjsFree 

^v Wonderful Inhalant; 

vCdinmun Sense Appliea- 

^tioiti AnutsiiDfT Results. 

Ine^■pen^ive, Pleasant, 

.PrIvftte.Safe, Certain. 

! Aslnniviiint: <'ures of 

' Asthma nnt) Lunges. 

I5<K»k witli ample proof 

,-, _;nn.l valuable tnfnrma- 

ti..n I'ree. Cut fhisout, 

it Hitij/ nitl nppiun- rij/arM. 

. C. CAT.VKIJII ri'RE. ia40V»nHu«>nSl.,CHICAC0 


Rich Blood. 

Price, $1 per Bottle 


The W. J. PARKER CO., Manufacturers, 

7 South Howard S<., BALTIMORE, MD. 



Shop for You. 

Being in touch with 
the fashion centers, 
^^^^^^^■M^— —^M witii exquisite taste 
"^^^^^^"^^^^^^^ and judgment and 
thorough knowledge of values, I am in po- 
sition to render satisfaction in all kinds of 
shopping. Wedding and school outlits and 
holiday novelties are specialties with me. 
Samples and estimates submitted. Write 
and let me do your Christmas shopping. 

Miss Martlia 71. Snead, 

tlO Equitable Building, 


\\ itli v\vT\ .\1..(U-I priulini: ( and onllil (eosl. 
$5 and up; we give free a complete course in the art 
tit ]irintine, W bile you're learning you can make 
Mi..i.ey at nome bv piinting ftir others. The Model 
is the dieapest because it is tl»e best. Three World's 
Fair Highest Awards. Beware of the so-called 
"cheap" printing presses. Write for particulars 
a!ul catalrijue No. 15. Automatic press for print 
inij visiiini; carils 

TKE MODEL PRINTING PRESS 708 Chestnut SI rhiiadelphia. 

VENi, ViDi, ViGil 

Duv&l's Eureka, cures Dyspepsia only. 
Ouvat.I's Never- Fa,il, ei. positive cure for 

Duvekl's lr\fa.llible Pile Cure. 
DuvBlI's Herb Cure for Hemorrh&.f!e. 

The Veteran commends the reliability of Miss Sncad ' 
friost cordially. She has been valiant as a voung womm '— - 
in Confederate maUcii. 

F. M. DUVAL, 919 Curley St., Baltimore. Md. 

"Son^s of the Confederacy and 
Plantation Melodies.** 

Cnntainin^^ ly Soutliern songs, word;, and music 

Price, 50 cents. Ilest coUectinn for use in schools, 

Camps, and Chapters. Circulars and information 

free. Agents wanted. Big commission. Address 

Mrs. Albert Mitchell, Paris. Ky, 

u\m um\ iosgitai, 


We Cure Cancers, Tumors, and Chronic 
Sores without the use of the knife. 

1 ■n'b Hearlj i 

alT«f^''„o»cTi'<,5* f 't bun trail 

Nearly Z scort years we han 
raiDiDg men ancl women 
._ „ _._ _ _.;iDfss. Onlj BasiDPSS Col- 
^_ .'''^'^1 If^pfl m ^ft'. *Dd second ID Soolh 

fe= -"" - .. _T*i; - ^ iftown ilsboildiDg. NovRcalion. 
rj|tiii'^,;r;snMi v^"™*' Catalogue free. Bookkeeping. 
nil!'.!,'" ■■ ^" 1' ;i Shorthnnd, Penmanship br mail. 

"Leading bos. col. sonlh Potomac river. "--Ptiila. Stenographer. 


... OR. ... 


From -^rr. Lo\/i,y 

and MEMTHI.y 

Affords tourist, Prospector, 
or Home Seeker the Best 
Service, Fastest Schedule 
to All Points ia 


Pi'Li.MAN Sleepers, Free Re- 
CUNING Chair Cars on An. 
Trains. Low Uates, Free De- 
scriptive Literature. Consult 
Ticket Agenls» or address 

H. C. Townaend R. T. G. Matthews 

G. I>.andT.A. T. P. A. 

St. Louis, Mo. Louisvii.i.k, Kv. 


(Confederate Ueterar/. 




December 1 and 15, January 5 and 19. 

Write J^or J^ull information. 

J. N. CORNATZAR. General Agent, 



I Life and Letters of i 
I Robert Lewis Dabney,D.D..LL.D. | 


•^ Dr. Dabney was a conspicuous chanictcr iti Soullipni aff lirs for more tlian fifty jear.s, :iiui T^ 

^*- enjoyed a naiional rt'pulalinn as a IVacher, Thpolojji:in, Preacher, and Patriot. ' — .« 

JJ^ Confrdfrate Veterans and all stuileuts of Soutli»*rii ideals will tintl in this vrluine a rich 7^ 

m^^ store of infortnalion coDcerninji the nn/r-M/iitn social, political, and in(hislrial cotulitions of ---o 

•^ the South, at (I Dr. Dabney's letters written durinff ihe slorniy clays of Vo to 'o; ;ire in ihem "^^ 

^" selves a resume of that p- riod and a stronjj \ indicalio i of thr* principles for wnich tlie Si uih — ^ 

^ fought Of special interest toxoid snUiiers are his letters tiurin;; the tinu* he si-rvfil as an arnn '"^ 

m^^ chaplain and as chief of-staff uoder Stonewall Jacks n during the wondtrful cainpaijf" in ilu- — « 

^' V'allev of \'iry'nia. ""^ 

m^ The hook is a notable contribution lo the historical literature of the South, and a cop\ -^ 

^," should be in the home of every true Soullurner. ~^ 

f^ 600 Pa?08. Cloth Binding. $2.50 Net (add 26c for postag-e). :::; 

^1 Srf/if oil ortfi-rx to "^ 

^ rnEsi{yri:nr.i\ committee of i'iiiLi(\irio\, ^ 

»^ riibliKlMiM an. I H.i..Us.ll.TK, ISICHMOM). V.\. ^ 

rrom One of the Most Successful Planters in North Carolina. 

Smi niMi,i-li, N. C\. heliniarv |S. lyrjj, 
'J'lf lliwic I'irr/tlhtr Cl/finiriil Works, lioltimoj,-, MJ. 

Gknti.kmi-n: This is to certify that I liave useil C'erealite for a ninnber of years and have sold it for 
the i>;isl three v*ars, and I myself tintl it lo lie etpial to, if not better in many respects than. Nitrate Soda. 
Aly oesl cus'omer» are anxious to use it attain this year. On my own crops I used it on wln-at. oals, and 
cotton, and for every tlnllar I invested in C'erealite 1 am sure it paid uie $J.^(^. I prefer Cerealite as a top 
dressin*/ i<t Vitrute Soda, even if the jjoods were the Same price. Splendid ^or oals and p^rain. 

Yonrirtriily, J. \\*. Stephenson. 

Reliable ajjent wanted in every conntv. 


Lc^k jt the Figures!" 

The World's l*'air at St. I.ouis in ig(H ^vlll 
(■..%,r twelve humlred acres of l.tnd. navinjj 
three himdred acres of exhibit si>ace. and 
v\ ill fofcl over fortv millions i.f dtdlurfr. St. 
I.«mis is reacheil direrllv fnun Texas h> the 
! \ <;. N'.— Iron Mminlain Lines. 

Miles, Minutes, Money 

Saicd bilwten Ttias ind SI louis lii Iht I & C K . 

Th3 "True St. Louis World's Fair Line." 

I'M MlilfS ^lii.rlf>I, : li.iurv ;; iiiiimUS .plukrsl. 


I-N, lllili> !.li..rl. -1. ■> li.i.u- ;; .nrmli - .|ni. k. M. 


J... mil. - ^'m..i. vi, , i...,,tv - MMi ul. s nuifk.'^l, 


raMnil.'& shoK. ^l. ; li..iir^ i: ti.iiMiirs quickfsl, 


Ki|u:illv :is <|iiick 111 .ill K;.sl.Tii Cili.'S lliroui;h 
St. I.iiuis. 

Figures do MOTMisiiEPResENT. 

St. Lttms io HousinH. 
1 /tours S4 tniHtitfxquickffl, 

St. Louis to Gaiveslon. 
4 hours 2S miuuifs quirkfst. 

St. Louis to San Autonto. 
6 hours <fj miuutfs t/uirk^-st. St. Louis to Austin. 

Excellent Dining Car Service 
All the Way»AII the Time.... 



ilesl ixposilion 



;ige will 


n St 

I.ouis in 

Mav. itxk(, to I 





of the 


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by th 



•d Stales 


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ce. St. I 

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i'exas bv the : 

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- Ir. 

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litlcrnjlictul & Grcjl Scrfbcni RjHrcjJ. 

L. TRice. 

2(1 rice rresithiit nwl (.1 mdhI Munaticy. 

• D. J. PRICE, 

nritniil /'ir.w. iir/'j- irii.l Tirl.d .Went. 

Care ot the 

Expectant Mother 

By W. Lewis Howe. M.D. 

This book ttnv^A tri<tibling the miniljr physician re. 
CHPliiig ereiy liiile prnhletn wlncli may come uj'. 
piiliy iiinirove.l i'y piiysiciRn*. It will nijHwer nil nr- 
.iiiiHry ijin...tii>ii-. ni to' <iii*t, livgii-iio, nii<l exeicine ol 
i 111- iiiutiii'i nod ^ubufqileiu ciiie oi (lie cliild. A book 
I'very moilicr ..hoiild Imvo. 

Biiuuil III Re.i Cbilh. I'iic, ;. Ills, Pi.«li>«i.l. 

F A. DAVIS CO.. 1905 Cherry Street 


An Old andWell-Tried Remedy. 


Im- lii.-ii il...-^! I Mi.-I\T\ \ K.\ K.-. 1,1 .Mil, I, Ions ol 

MdimOIi^ I „-,r (Hll.hHK.V WHIIJ-; Tl.ETHINii, 

Mil'TKNS 11... lilMS, .M,I,,\YKnll I'AIN; ( TUE-S WINU 
COI.U:. iin.l .» ilu. l.i'^.l roii..'cly f.i l.|.MiItIli;.\. Sold by 
Iiriiyf^isls It. .v., IV piirt ol lliu w.iil.l. (it. mire toaflk f..r 




Qopfederate l/eterap. 


Entered at the post office at Nash\ ille, Tenn., as second-class matter. * 

Contributors are requested *o use one side of the paper, and to abbreviate 
ssmtich as practicable; these suf^g^estions are important. 

Where clippinjjs are sent copy should be kept, as the Veteran cannot 
aodertake to return them. 

Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month btjore W ends. For 
iiutance, if the Veteran be ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
Bat will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that liuml cr. 

The "civil war" was too long ago to be cai?;:d the "late" war, and when 
correspondents use that term " War between the States " will be substituted. 

UmTED Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, and Other Organizatiow*. 
The Veteran is approved and Indorsed officially by a larger and 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in exiateoca. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the lei 

Prick, $1.(KI pkr Ykar. * 

.SiNdi.K Copy. K' Cents. \ 

-v.. I. XII. 


j^T^j J 1 S. A. CUNNINGHAM. 
■ ' Proprietor. 


Organized July 4, igoo. Chartered February j, igoi. 
Motto: " Loving duty to the past, present, and future." Flower, White N'iolct. 

I Ik- object of tliis Association is to preserve as a Confeder- 
ate nmseuni and library tlie historic old home occupied by 
Mr. Davis and family in 1861 while in Montgomery, Ala., 
known to history as th.e first While llo\ise of the Confederacy; 
also as a repository for the valuable and numerous relics given 
the .\ssociation by Mrs. JelTerson Davis. 

(Iflioers: Queen Regent. Mrs. Jefferson Davis; Regent, Mrs. 
J D. Bealc; Vice Regents, Mrs. Virginia Clay Clopton and 
Mrs. Belle .Mien Ross; Recording Secretary, Mrs. .\lfrcd 
Bethca ; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. John W. .\. Sanford; 
Treasurer, Mrs. C. .'\. Lanier; Historian, Mrs. John G. Finley. 

Directors: Mrs. \'incc Elmore, Chairman; Mrs. Chappell 
Cory, Mrs. John Eberhardt, Mrs. B. II. Craig. Mrs. C. A. 

Lanier, Mrs. E. T. Lcdyard, Mrs. C. J. Campliell. Mrs. Jessie 
Lamar, Mrs. R. P. Grigg, Mrs. J. W. \. Sanford. 

Trustees: Mrs. Alfred Bethca, Chairman: Mrs. W, L. Durr, 
Mrs. William L. Chambers. Mrs. J. D. Beale, Mrs. John G. 
Finley. Mrs. Edward Trimble. Mrs. .Mbert Elmore. 

Committee for Collecting Relics: Mrs. J. D. Beale. Chair- 
man; Mesdames .Mfrcd Bethca. Chappell Cory, C. \. Lanier, 
E. M. Trimble. 

Committee on Books for Library: Mrs. Edwin Gardner 
Weed, Chairman; Mesdames W. L. Durr. Clifford Lanier, 
Mary Elmore Persons, Chappell Cory, Belle Allen Ross, 
Thomas Mc.Vdory Owen, Thomas H. Reynolds, W. L. Cham- 
bers, M. P. Watt, Mortimer Tuttle, B. ]. Baldwin, George C. 
Ball, Cornelia Branch Stone. 

Qoi)federat8 l/eteraQ. 

Wood Committee: Mrs. C. J. Campbell, Chairman; 
Mcsdames Ella H. Brock. J. Warren Jones. Bessie M. Judson, 
George Stowers, George Raoul, Edward Hastings. John Sav- 
age, J. A. Reeves, M. A. Jackson, C. B. Ferrcll, Sylas Tyson, 
L. G. Peacher, John W. Sanford. Jr.. Ed Naftel, Jessie Lamar, 
George Folmar, George Simpson, Misses Mary Burke and 
Katherine Holt. 

The Connnittce for Raising Funds has Mrs. A. M. Allen as 
Chairman, while the membership li-it comprises names of men, 
wonu-n. and children not only of Montgomery and Alabama 
but of the entire South. 

i;y s. b. barri'.v, third texas cavalry, rusk, TEX. 

Rev. William D. Chadick was lieutenant colonel of the 
Fiftieth Alabama infantry Regiment, C. S. A., and resided in 
Huntsville, Ala. During the winter of 1864-65 he was al homo 
one day when, suddenly and very unexpectedly to him. Gen. 
McCook marched into the town at the head of a division of 
Federal cavalry, and was soon informed that Col. Chadick was 
in town, and the General felt very sure of capturing him. But 
Col. Chadick, unoliserved by any of the Federals, crossed the 
street from his home and secreted himself where he could not 
be found or pointed out by any one who would have betrayed 
him. Gen. McCook thought so much of the expected prize 
that it was deemed not undignified for a general of the United 
States army to go in person in search of him. So he went to 
his residence and interviewed Mrs. Chadick. Introducing him- 
self as Gen. McCook, he said: '"Madam, wliere is your hus- 
band?" Mrs. Chadicu 
answered : "He is nni 
here, sir." Col. Chad- 
ick's horse and rigging 
were there plainly to bv 
seen, but the Genera! 
was baffled in his efforts 
to find the object of hi^ 
search, as his furtlu r 
questioning elicited lio 
reliable information 
from the faithful wife. 

Something in the ap- 
pearance of Mrs. Chad 
ick seemed to impre>^ 
Gen. McCook, and after 
some hesitation he sai'i 
to her: "Madam, wi'' 
you please tell me where 
you were reared?" She 
answered: "In Steuben- 
ville, Ohio." ■•Why," 
said the General, "Steubenville is my home. Will you please 
tell me your maiden name?" "My maiden name," said Mrs. 
Chadick, "was Cook." "Were you Miss Jane Cook?" inquired 
the General. She answered: "I was." "Well," said he, "do 
you remember one Sunday morning, a long time ago, when 
you were on your way to Sunday school, that up near the 
Episcopal Church some bad little boys were culling up, and ,i 
policeman was in the act of carrying them to the lockup, 
and you interceded for them, telling the policeman that yi)u 
would stand good for their behavior if he would release them. 
and he did so?" She answered: "I remember it," "Well," 
said he, "I was one of those boys; and now, niailani. there is 
nothing T can do for you that I am not more than willing to do. 
I shall place guards at your gates, and not a man of my com- 


mand shall enter your premises or disturb vcmi in any manner 
while I remain in this city; and if there is anything else I can 
do for your comfort or convenience, call on me and it will be 

The guards were posted at her gates, and not a soldier en- 
tered her home during Gen. McCook's occupation of Hunts- 
ville. Col. Chadick made good his escape that night, and sur- 
vived the war. His widow, formerly Miss Jane Cook, a very 
Urighl, well-|)reserved old lady, now lives in St. Louis, where 
she has made her home for a good many years with her son- 
in-law. Col. S. W. Fordyce, former President of the Cotton 
Belt Railroad. 

A fit comment upon Col. Fordyce (whose house has been 
the good home of Mrs. Chadick for years) as a man and as- 
a patriot is to quote his remarks when asked about his vol- 
untary contribution to a Confederate monument in Little Rock: 

"I was in the Federal army during the war, and have been 
in the Confederate since." 

Such men have been the real peacemakers in our sectional 
troubles. Had President Lincoln survived the war, conserva- 
tive patriots would have cibliterated sectional lines, and such 
noble characters as R. E Lee would have been embronzed \n 
the public parks of the Xatioiial Capitol, as well as in the 
finest halls of fame. 



In the last number of the Veteran Col. J. R. Binford. of 
Duck Hill, Miss., makes me out more kinds of liar than Gen. 
Eagan does Gen. Mi'es in their famous Embalmed Beef row. 
I wrote my article, printed in the Deccmlier number of the 
Veteran, from memory. It may contain a few errors as to 
names, but the main facts are just as I have stated them. I 
could get witnesses if I cared to go into a long, useless con-, but I don't want any of that, and I guess our good 
friend the Veteran does not either. I have received several 
letters from old comrades since the article was printed who 
took part in the Canton dri.l complimenting me on my "splen- 
did memory and accurate account." I don't claim to be an 
encyclopedia of the war, but of events that my regiment t )ok 
part iu 1 know something. I have been too busy hustling 
to make an lioncst living. Ilandicappcil as I am, it has been 
a hard fight (I was knocked down by the concussion of a shell 
at Ilarrishurg, Miss., and rendered almost deaf) to give much 
thought or time to those stirring old war times. We of the 
Tliird Kentucky always gave the Fifteenth Mississippi credit 
for being one of the best regiments in the service. The men 
proved it on many a hard-fought field, but there were 'others." 
But don't throw mud at Kcnluckians. Of the eight hundred 
men who participated in the Canton drill, less than one hundred 
ever saw their "old Kentucky homes'' again. As long as we 
were in I.oring's Division we carried our "Canton flag." and 
it was m all the fights of the division. We were mounted and 
joined Gen. I'orrest in North Mississippi. Forrest had a very 
small coniin.ind al thai lime. Nolwdy thought then that he 
had smsc enough to manag? a separate command. He had 
raised Bell's Brigade; but the men were poorly equipped, and 
many of them had never been in a fight. His batteries were 
light guns of poor quality. We captured the guns and horses 
that afterwards made Morton and Rice famous. 

In every raid that Forrest went on in Kentucky or Middle 
Tennessee our old Canton flag appeared. Gen. Forrest always 
favored the Tomiesseeans ; but when he wanted Bell to get 
down to his level best, he would say, "Watch those d — m Ken- 

Qopfederate Ueterap. 

tuckians and stay with them." At tlie fight at Brice's X Roads, 
when we had our last man in the fight, and the Yanks were 
still rushing men that had not fired a shot, Morton was "crowd- 
ing them with artillery." Gen. Buford got uneasy about our 
battery, and oallcd Gen. Forrcst'<; attention to the danger. For- 
rest looked around and saw our Canton flag flying close to 
the guns. I'htn turning to Gen. Buford, he said: "There are not 
Yankees here or to come that can capture that battery." At 
Harrisburg we jilantcd our flag on Gen. Smith's breastworks, 
while twenty "thousand infantrymen and eighteen guns were 
firing on our one brigade ; but it took sixty-two and a half per 
cent of the regiment to do it. It was among the first to cross 
the Tennessee River in front of Hood, and from there to 
Nashville it was in the front all the way. On the retreat, Wil- 
son tried, day after day, to ride over it. but never could. We 
found Gen. Forrest a major general, with a small, badly 
equipped command. In three months we were the best-mounted 
and equipped cavalry in the C. S. A.; we had the finest bat- 
teries, and got all from the Yanks. In six months v.e made 
Forrest a lieutenant general, with a name that will stand as 
long as the American people care for heroic deeds. The 
few of us that got home are proud to tliink we did our duty 
always; the rest sleep their last sleep. 

"They have fought their last battle; 
No sound can awake them to glory again." 

Error i.\ llnx. J.\mi;s W. Bcjvn's Speech. — I observe in the 
eloquent address of Hon. James W. Boyd, as published in the 
December Vetkran, that in referring to Pickett's charge at 
Gettysburg, he says: "Garnett, just out of the sick ambulance, 
with his heavy coat buttoned up," etc. This is a mistake, first 
published by Gen. E. P. Alexander, who commanded all the 
Confederate artillery stationed that day on Cemetery Ridge. 
He says Gen. Garnett had on, or was bullo;ied up in, an old 
army blue overcoat. The facts are that a few days before 
the battle, wliilc near Chambcrsburg, Gen. Garnett rode for- 
ward to tlic head of the division to see Gen. Pickett on some 
business, and just as he rode among the staff officers a fiery 
steed, ridden by Maj. Rolicrt Bright (who now lives at Wil- 
liamsburg, Va., and can verify this statement), slashed out and 
kicked Gen. Garnett on tlie ankle. The wound was a painful 
one, and he took to an ambulance, in which he reached the 
field of Gettysburg and was permitted by Gen. Pickett to go 
into the charge on horseback, as he could not walk without 
great pain and difliculty. He was not the least sick, and the 
fid blue coat or overcoat, which he always wore in cold or 
lainy weather, was not worn that third day of July, 186,3, 
when the weather was hot enough to scorch a feather. In 
passing through Richmond, Va., about the middle of June, 
Gen. Garnett had purchased a fine, new gray uniform, which 
he had on when killed in the charge at Gettysburg. 

I heard a gentlemnn of high character describe Stonewall 
Jackson's appearance on the battlefield of Bull Run "mounted 
on Old Sorrel." while it is well known that he did not have 
Old Sorrel until more than a year after that battle. — //. 7". 
Oucii, Kifi'iiiiond, I'a. 

New Orleans, La., December 9, 1903. 
Eiliior Veteran: All memorial associations of the South, 
forming part of the Confederated Southern Memorial Asso- 
ciation, arc hereby notified that the Confederated Southern 
Memorial Association will hold its fifth annual convention in 

the city of Nashville, Tenn., at the same time as the reunion of 
the United Confederate Veterans. 

The opening feature of this convention will be the JefTerson 
Davis Memorial Service. Further particulars as to the 
church at which this service will be held, as well as the loca-" 
tion of Convention Hall, will be given later. 

The women of 1861-65. the women of the Confederacy, arc 
highly commended for their loyalty and devotion to memorial 
work, instituted by them in sorrow and gloom immediately 
after the surrender at Appumatto.x. This labor of love has 
been faithfully performed through trials and difliculties. until 
^now every city, town, and hamlet throughout the South can 
proudly boast of a monument erected by its Ladies' Memorial 
Association to the Confederate dead. 

An invitation is hereby extended to all Memorial Associa- 
tions not yet affiliated to do so at once and thus unite, in one 
grand sisterhood, the woiucn of 1861-65, that their identity 
mav be preserved and a record of their glorious work be hand- 
ed down to posterity. 

Application blanks for membership may be had by applying 
to the Corresponding Secretary, 3303 Coliseum Street, New 
Orleans, La. 

Mrs. G. a. Williams, Corresponding Secretary; 
Mrs. W. J. Behan, President, White Castle, La. 

MISS VALERIA fl N \ 1 Ml 1 IK; U.^, 

Judge A. J. Lawson, of Union City, writes at the request of 
I.eonidas Polk Chapter, U. D. C, sending a picture of Miss 
Valeria Fields, daughter of Col. Hume R. Fields, who waa 
colonel of the First Tennessee Infantry, C. S. A. Miss Valeri.i 
Fields was the representative of this Chapter to the convention 
of Daughters of the Confederacy at Charleston, S. C. She is 
an active worker for her Chapter. 

The Kentucky Division, United Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy, will hold its convention for 1904 at Paducah, Ky. 


Qopfedera'c^ l/eterai). 

Confederate Weteraij. 

S. A. CrNNINT.HAM, Editor and Proprlelor. 
Offict: Mclhojist I'uMlsliinj; }lcuse Building, Naslivillc, Tenn. 

This publication is tlie pcrtonal prt^pertv "f S. A. Cunningham. AU per- 
sons who approve its principles and re:ili/.e' its benefits as an organ for Asso ■ 
Ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
Cooperate in extending its circulation. 1-et each one be constantly diligent. 

The Fcliruary \'f.tek.\n will conlain important and interest- 
ing papers from proceedings in the Charleston Convention. 

The "Bill Arp" Memorial I'lnid was remitled to Mrs. Chas. 
H. Smith on Dccemher 24 with the names of the donors. 
Subscriptions have been received since then, and others arc 
solicited. One friend sending since Christinas mailed four 
dollars, half to X'eteran account and the other to this memo- 
rial, "if not too late." It will be sent to that fund. 

The Veter.\n will not surrender this project until further 
time to consider its extraordinary merit is had, anxious that 
the result will be a pride to every Southern patriot who 
laughed and sorrowed over the heroism and philosophy of 
expression of Maj. Chas. H. Smith during the great war and 
through all the intervening years since. 

While Kentucky and Missouri are making plain that they 
will not submit gf.ielly to discrimination against their States 
in the Jefferson Davis Monument, Maryland is as determined, 
as she expressed herself through delegates in the Charleston 
Convention, U. D. C. At the recent convention of Daughter.^ 
in Maryland it was determined to protest against the plan. 
Several important i>apers on the subject are in hand. 


Of the resolutions passed by the Florida Division, U. C. V., 
at the reunion in St. Augustine, December 7, 1903, the third, 
introduced by Gen.' George Reese, of De Soto Camp, Pcnsa- 
cola, was adopted : 

"As we believe the Co.nfeuebate Veteran is the best chan- 
nel through which l6 disseminate the facts as known by the 
particiiiaiits in the War between the States, we therefore urge 
upon the Veterans, Sons of Veterans, and Daughters of Vet- 
erans the inip(jrtaiH-c of subscribing to this, our official organ, 
and we urge upon the .\diutants of the Camps to report niontli- 
ly the death of veterans in this journal." 

Gen. E. M. Law, Honorary Commander for life of the 
Florida Division, wrote on December 16 to Mrs. Nettie Smith, 
an efficient and faithful agent of the Veteran : 

"It gives me great pleasure to inform you that, at its late 
reunion at St. Augustine, the Florida Division, United Con- 
federate Veterans, unanimously and enthusiastically indorsed 
the CoNFEUEKATE Veteka.n, and recommended that all Veterans, 
Sons of Veterans, and Daughters of the Confederacy subscribe 
for it and do all in their power to increase its circulation. 
The Veteran is essentially the mouthpiece, the exponent of 
the Confederate soldier, and he and his descendants should 
spare no effort to strengthen and encourage it in accom- 
plishing the great, patriotic work in which it is engaged." 


The Nashville American, whose editor. Col. Tatum, served 
in the Spanisb-.Vmerican war, says: 

"The Confederate Veteran is the bt-st publication of its 
kind extant. There is not another Confederate publication 
which equals it, and it is superior to any of the many pub- 
lications representing the I'nion soldier. This is a fact of 

which Mr S. A. Cunningham should be justly proud. I here 
are two or three journals published in the interest of the 
Spanish-American war soldiers, but they arc of little or no 
value. If the Confederate Veteran would devote a corner 
to these 'yoiing vtterans,' it would soon grow into an inter- 
esting department. They did not see as much hard service or 
reap as much .glory as their fathers, but they showed the spirit 
of their fathers, and would doubtless have shown themselves 
worthy sons, under severe test, if opportunity had been of- 
fered. The same territory that furnished the Confederacy with 
its soldiers furnished alxjut 50,000 soldiers in the brief war 
with Spain, and about 30,000 of these were the sons of Con- 
federate veterans. Arc they not entitled to as much recog- 
nition in the Confederate \ eteran as the organization known 
as the Sons of Confcde ate Veterans, whose members wear 
the uniform of an organization, but not a soldier's uniform?" 

It has long been desired to print a picture of the casemate 
at Fortress Monroe where our beloved Jefferson Davis, the 
Confederate States President, was so long incarcerated, but 






nut until recently «a- a photograph secured. It was found 
in a relic store near the fort. It was old and dingy, and the 
vender seemed to regard it with but little concern. 

Julia Smith, Who Cuokeo for Him. — Inquiry was made 
of a colored cook who happened to be crossing the campus 
for the name of some one who knew Mr. Davis while in prison, 
aiul be gave the address of "Julia J. Smith, who cooked for 
him," and she wrote from Pluebus, Va., November 17, 1903; 

"I received your communication, through Mr. B. Whiting, 
requesting me to give you some incident of what occurred 
while I cooked for the Hon. President Jefferson Davis. Mr. 
Davis was in prison nine months before I commenced cooking 
for him ; then I was his cook until he went away. The first 
thing he desired me to cook was to devil some crabs for him, 
which I did. Dr. Cooper was his physician and Rev. Minnir- 
grade, of Richmond, Va., was his minister. I was very sorry 
when he left. I never lived with better people in all my life. 
He and his wife were very grateful for everything I did for 
them. Could I sec you, I would relate to you many incidents 
that happened while I was there, which are very interesting. 
1 loved Mr. Davis. May God bless his offspring, and long 
may (liev live !" 

(Confederate l/eteraij. 



How delightful it is to lay aside the harassing and distract- 
ing cares of everyday life and through one glad day enjoy the 
communion and fellowship of those who, next to your own 
immediate family, you love better than all others in this world ! 
Such was the nianifest sentiment of the Kentucky Confed- 
erates, who met in Louisville October 2g, 1903, to attend the 
annual reunion of the Kentucky Division, U. C. V., at the 
Confederate Home, Pcwee Valley. 

A large percentage of the Camps was represented, but not 
with large delegations, perhaps not over five hundred alto- 
gether; yet they were the representatives of that remnant of 
immortal 40,000 Kentuckians who gave up their families, their 
homes, and their properly and fought for four long years to 
protect the hearthstones and firesides of strangers who, like 
themselves, were battling for constitutional rights, which were 
being denied tliem. I would not dispaiagc any Southern 
troops, but I do say that tlicrc were Kentuckians in every 
branch of the Confederate army, and in every place and undei 
all circumstances they fittingly illustrated tlie traditionary 
valor of the State and proved themselves thoroughly efficient 
and as brave as tlie bravest. What greater tribute could 1 
pay? The world now concedes that the Confederate armies 
were the bravest and most heroic body of men that has ever 
been known. 

The deleg.ites were taken to Pevvec Valley over the Louis- 
vdle & Eastern Electric Railroad, passing on the way the 
beautiful Market Garden lands, the Kentucky Military Insti- 
tute, the Central Lunatic Asylum at Lakeland, the Southern 
Presbyterian Orphan Home, and the palatial residences of 
Anchorage and beyond to Pewee Valley. The inmates of tlic 

Home awaited tlieir arrival. Headed by a military band, 
comrades of the Home became an honorary escort to the dele- 
gates, followed by the Daughters and Sons and sympathizers, 
swelling the attendance to about two thousand. The magnifi- 
cent Kentucky Confederate Home is located on a gentle emi- 
nence one hundred yards from the street. The building is 
beautifully proportioned, one hundred and sixty feet long, throe 
and four stories high, contains one hundred well-furnished 
rooms, with verandas extending the entire length of the build- 
ing. The five acres of lawn, covered with blue grass as it 
grows in Kentucky, is interspersed with splendid forest trees. 
In one corner of the lawn there is a beautiful, vine-clad, point- 
ed Gothic chiircli. How inspiring the occasion! Amidst the 
strains of "Dixie," '"My Old Kentucky Home," and other 
Southern airs, the gray line of veterans marched up the avenue 
to the Home. All were happy, yet how different their emo- 
tions! 'i'hc youngest were yelling and screann'ng with delight, 
tlie hearts of the older were almost too full for utterance. 
Unbidden tears could scarcely be restrained ; and O, how 
fervently ar,d heartily they thanked the great God from 
whom all blessings flow that he had raised up loving hearts 
and willing hands to conceive, to establish, and to maintain 
this much-notdcd haven of refuge and rest for the battle- 
scarred, unpensioncd veterans, who might henceforth spend the 
few remaining years of their lives in comfort! 

Maj. J. M. Harper, a veteran of Pickett's command, was 
Chairman of the Refreshment Connnittee. He was al)ly sec- 
onded by Mis. Girand, the matron; Mrs. Coleman, wife of the 
supeiintendent ; Mrs. Ryan; and other ladies in the vicinity of 
Pewee Valley. A large delegation from the Albert Sidney 
Johnston Chapter, U. D. C, was in attendance. The dinner 
was simply perfect — such a dinner as could be prepared only 




Inspector General Kentucky Div. Coinmanilrr Third Ky. Uri^ade. Second Brigade. Tliird Briijade. 


Qor^federate l/eterap. 

by Kentucky matrons. All were of the opinion that {or pro- 
fusion, variety, and excellence it had never been equaled on 
such an occasion. 

The business meeting was held in the dining room after 
dinner. Gen. Voung. the Commander of the Division, an- 
nounced that the affairs of the Division were in exceptionally 
good condition, and had received special approval from Gi-n. 
Stephen D. Lee, Commander of this department. The election 
of officers resulted in the unanimous reelection of Col. Ben- 
nett H. Voung as Division Commander; Col. J. R. Rogers, 
Commander of the First Brigade ; Col. Harry P. McDonald, 
Commander of the Second Brigade; Col. J. H. Mark, Com- 
mander of the Third Brigade ; and Gen. J. B. Briggs, Com- 
mander of the Fourth Brigade. Gen. Young, in addition lo 
l>eing the Commander of the Division, is also the Chairman of 
the Board of Managers and President of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Home. He and Col. Harry McDonald, the Sec- 
retary of the Board of Trustees, have unselfishly contributed 
much time to establishing and successfully operating this 
superb Home. Their services have been invaluable, and the 
Confederates of this commonwealth owe them a debt of grati- 
tude which in this world can never be repaid. 

The Hoine was projected upon the idea that there would 
never be over eighty inmates, but in one year more tlian twice 
that number have been admitted, and there are still many ap- 
plicants. Few realized the tremendous necessity for such an 
institution ; but now that the needs are known, we are sure 
that a generous people will, through their legislators, liberally 
respond to reasonable requests for additional appropriations. 
Special committees will be appointed to memorialize the Legis- 
lature to provide for its enlargement and increased support. 

The report of the officers and managers, showing how the 
Home has been managed and maintained, is most satisfactory 
to all Confederates. Comrades returned to their homes with 
hearts full of gratitude for the blessings of the past year, and 
in faith that the Kentucky Confederate Soldiers' Home will be 
worthily maintained. 


The Grand Camp of Virginia Veterans held their sixteenth 
annual reunion at Newport News, beginning on the 28th of 
October. The attendance was one of the largest and most 
enthusiastic ever held, and when Grand Commander James 
Macgill called the convention to order the auditorium was 
completely filled and much space in the gallery occupied. 
After prayer by Chaplain General John P. Hyde, Mayor Allan 
A. Moss delivered the address of welcome, which was re- 
siKJnded to by Commander Macgill. Col. Maryus Jones, on 
behalf of Magruder Camp, the local organization also, ex- 
tended a welcome to the visitors, to which Judge S. W. Wil- 
liams, of Wythevillc, rcjjlicd. 'I'he present officers of the 
Grand Camp arc : 

Judge George L. Christian, Grand Connnander, Richmond. 

VV. E. Harwood, First Lieut. Grand Commander, Petersburg. 

J. H. Fulton, Second Lieut. Grand Commander, Wytheville. 

Col. W. H. Stewart, Third Lieut. Grand Commander, Porl'^- 

Thomas C. Morton, Inspector Gcniral, Staunton, Va. 

Washington Taylor, Quartermaster General, Norfolk, Va. 

Rev. John P. Hyde, Chaplain General, Winchester, Va. 

Dr. John S. Powell, Surgeon General, Occoquan, Va. 

Thomas Ellett, Adjutant General, Richmond, Va. 

William Kean, Aid-dc-Camp, Thompson's Cross Roads, Va. 

Charles Waite, Aid-de-Camp, Culpeper, Va. 

The most interesting feature to the assembled delegates was 

the report of the Historical Committee, which was read by the 
Chairman, Judge George L. Christian. Much space in the re- 
port was devoted to the controversy with North Carolina, and 
while the report deprecated any differences between Confeder- 
ates, it went on to show that the claim of North Carolina as 
10 being "first at Bethel, foremost at Gettysburg, and last at 
.•\pponiattox" was, in a measure, incorrect ; that Virginia troops 
were with those of the old North State on each of these occa- 
sions. The report of Inspector General T. C. Morton showed 
the State Organization in a prosperous condition, with in- 
creasing enrollments every year. Reports were also made by 
District Inspectors, either in person or by letter, from all parts 
of the State. 

Capt. J. Taylor Stratton read the following report, which 
had been forwarded to him by Mrs. Norman V. Randolph, 
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Jefferson Davis 
Monument Association: 

"Dear Comrades: I feel that I must take up your time for 
a few minutes with a short report from the Central Committee 
of the Jefferson Davis Monument Association. At the meet- 
ing of the Daughters in Richmond we were asked to assume 
the completion of the Davis monument, and we accepted the 
sacred trust. They turned over to our treasurer $20,000. We 
have in bank to-day $63,000, drawmg interest. Mr. Edward 
Valentine has been chosen to submit a model to the convention 
in Charleston. 

"I regret to say that Virginia has been behind in its contri- 
butions, and I now ask that the pictures of the three branches 
of the service, as drawn by Mr. Shepherd, at least one set, 
Ije bought by every Camp for its hall. These pictures for the 
leuniou are in charge of the Chapter at Newport News. 
When these pictures are sold, it will be the last appeal from the 
Central Comniitiee." 

.■\n important report on history was read by Mr. R. S. Black- 
l)urji Smith, in which the recommendation was made that an 
effort be made to have the Legislature make provision for and 
establish a hall of archives and history, in which are to be kept 
the records, information, etc., regarding the War between the 
States, which has been and which will be collected by the 
Sons of Veterans. 

The report was enthusiastically received, and a resolution 
was adopted, appointing a committee to appear before the next 
Legislature and ask that the hall of archives and history be 

A rising vote of thanks was tendered to the J. E. B. Stuart 
Camp, Sons of Veterans, and the people of the city for the 
hospitable reception given the delegates during their stay. 

The election of officers, the final business of the session, was 
next taken up. Division Commander E. Leslie Spence, of 
Richmond, was nominated for reelection ; but he declined to 
accept, and Col. W. W. Sale, of Norfolk, was unanimously 
chosen to succeed him. 

Mr. Charhjs Aylett Ashljy, of Newport News, was chosen 
Cc.niniander of the First Brigade; and Mr. E. Lee Trinckle, 
of Wytheville, was made Second Brigade Connnander. 

The Division Commander and the Commanders of the First 
and Second Brigades will now appoint all the other Brigade 
Commrnders, the Adjutant, Quartermaster, and other officers. 
The body adjourned after a remarkably harmonious meet- 
ing, having disposed of the business of the year in an un- 
usually short time. 

The parade of the Veterans was one of the most interesting 
features of the reunion to the public. Fully twenty thousand 
people gathered along the short line of march to witness the 
old soldiers march once more, many of them for the last time, 

Qopfederate l/eterap. 


under their old flags to the tune of Dixie, and it was one 
continuous cheer from the moment the head of the column 
came in sight until the last man had passed. Mr. R. K. Curtis 
was chief marshal, assisted by a number of aids. Grand Com- 
mander Macgill headed the column with the various Camps of 
Confederate Veterans. These were followed by the Camps of 
the Sons of Veterans, led by their Division Commander, Col. 
W. W. Sale, of Norfolk ; next were carriages with the State 
and district sponsors and maids of honor and distinguished 
guests attending the reunion. A mounted company of old 
Veterans and Sons of Veterans brought up the rear. 

The history report is withheld that those who combat Judge 
Christian's report in behalf of North Carolina may respond, 
so that he can give them full benefit in the same issue. 

The home of Thomas F. Slearnes, No. Jio) West Avenue, Newport News, 
Va., decoruletl for tlie Conf, derate revinion. His father, Orren D. Stearnes, 
was lieutenant in Conipanv O, Kif v-l-2iy:lilh Virginia Regiment, and died in 
tile Confederate hospital at St.uinton, \'a.. In 1S62. 


The recent splendid convention of the Texas Division, U. 
D. C, al Houston made the occasion one of interest, especially 
to Texas. Col. Philip H. Fall was requested to furnish some 
data, and the following liberal extracts are used : 

"In 1842, as a youngster two years old, I was brought to 
Houston from Jackson, Miss., where I first saw the light. At 
that time you can imagine what Houston was — a small hamlet, 
composed of tents and board shanties, no railways. People 
traveled by stagcco.acb or private conveyance; wagons came 
from lumdreds of miles distant with cotton, taking back 
groceries, lumber, etc. As late as 1855 these conditions pre- 
vailed. Houston had just begun 10 grow and put on airs 
when the War between the States ccmmenced, and during that 
period no improvements wxre inaugurated. Gen. J. B. Magru- 

der, commanding District of Texas, had military headquarters 
here, which made it a bustling point. Cotton was shipped by 
wagon to Brownsville, on the Rio Grande River, and thence to 
Europe. This made money (gold) plentiful. When I arrived 
at Houston, just before the surrender, from east of the Mis- 
sissippi, where we, dressed in rags and tatters, often bare- 
footed, with very spare rations, I found the theater in full 
blast, men garbed in full ball dress, and women decorated 
with diamonds and magnificently dressed. It was a wonderful 
change to me, after having for so long been deprived of com- 

"Houston didn't feel the war. In fact, no doubt, it rendered 
the city a great trading point, which has continued ever since. 
If Dick Dowling, with his forty-two fellow-Irishmen, had re- 
treated from Sabine Pass, all of this would have been dif- 
ferent. Had the Yanks captured Sabine Pass, they would have 
made Houston their headquarters, and controlled the entire 
State. They would have been enabled to ship thousands and 
thousands of bales of cotton North. In truth, had not Dowling 
made the fight at Sabine Pass, the Confederacy would have 
succumbed long before it did. The Trans-Mississippi would 
have been entirely under Yankee domination. 

Dick Dowling Monument. 

"Your humble servant raised about $500 of the $1,600 so far 
in hand for a monument to Dick Dowling. and his men. Dick 
Dowling Camp raised about $250, and the Irish societies of 
the city about $850. No other city of its size on earth would 
have failed to erect a splendid monument to the memory of 
such heroes. It is a sad reflection upon Houston, and, being 
a citizen of sixty-one years' standing, I feel privileged to up- 
braid my people with such neglect of this hero-benefactor. 
The whole State is indebted to Dowling and his men. 

"In 1855 deer were plentiful within sight of Houston; 
wild horses were roaming the prairies near by; bear were 
common objects as one rode through the forest; prairie 
chicken, partridges, wild turkey were in abundance ; a lark sat 
upon every bush, singing its sweet song; children were kept 
ipiict and went to sleep under the threat of the Indians' coming. 

"At the close of the war we had two short railroads; now 
we have thirteen. Our population was between fifteen and 
twenty thousand; now it is about eighty thousand. Splendid 
Iiouses are being built in every direction, both dwelling and 
six- to eight-story business houses. 

"The government is digging a channel in Buffalo Bayou to 
the ocean, and soon the largest vessels can come to Houston. 

"The oil fields all around us have given us an impetus for- 
ward. The new industry (rice) is changing everything. Land 
which could have been bought a little while back at twenty- 
five cents per acre will now bring forty to one hundred dollars 
for cultivation of rice. Gold has recently lx;en discovered at 
Harwood, not far west of Houston. 

"Altogether, Houston has the finest prospect of any city 
in America. The Houston Post has prospered beyond prece- 
dent, and recently moved into a seventy-five thousand dollar 
home, built on the profits of the paper. 

"Houston's people are a magnificent set, and never failed to 
do the handsome, except in the Dowling monument matter. 
But they may right about soon, and do their duty in this 

Another "youngest soldier !" E. G. Baxter, of Clark County, 
Ky., was born September 10, 1849; enlisted June 15, 1862; 
made second lieutenant July 5, 186.1, Company A, Seventh Ken- 
tucky Cavalry, Morgan's command. 


Qo>>federat^ l/eterai?, 


Gen. John Gregg's Brigade was composed of the Third, 
Tenth, Thirtieth, Forty-First, Fiftieth, and First Battalion of 
Tennessee Infantry, and the Seventh Texas, Gen. Gregg's old 
Regiment. It left Port Hudson, La., on May 2, 1863, and 
marched to the railroad, a distance of about thirty miles. 
There we boarded the train, and ran up to Jackson, Miss., 
reaching Jackson on the 5th. After camping at Pearl River 
a few days, Gen. Gregg received orders to march for Raymond. 
We reached Raymond near sundown, and camped in and by 
the town on the niglit of the 15th. E^rly the next morning 
the bugle blew the assembly, and all hands were in line, for it 
was reported by the cavalry picket that "a small force of 
Yankees" was approaching. 

Gen. Gregg moved the brigade of about eighteen hundred 
men to the southwest of the town, and about 10 a.m. formed 
line of battle in a woodland, between two public roads in tlic 
shape of a V, which intersect near tlic town, with a graveyard 
between them. The Forty-First Regiment was halted at the 
graveyard, and ordered to stack knapsacks, and were held as 
a reserve. The Yankees formed in our front a double line of 
infantry, and posted their artillery^and it seemed that they 
had plenty of it — on the hills in our front, from which they 
began to shell our line. Gen. Gregg ordered us to advance, 
which was done in fine style. We attacked the Yankees, driv- 
ing back the first line and engaging the second, when we 
found that we were truly "up against Grant's army." It had 
crossed the Mississippi River below Vicksburg at Grand Gulf, 
and was marching on Jackson, so as to gain the rear of Vicks- 
burg. Soon the _Forty- First was double-quicked to the right 
of our line, but soon it was ordered to the left wing, and back 
to the graveyard in double-quick and out on the road to llie 
left to take position. 

We held out ground against great odds until near sundown, 
when the brigade was ordered to retire, which it did in good 
order, leaving its dead and many of its wounded on the field. 
Some of the wounded had been taken back to the town and 
had the best of treatment by the ladies there. Our loss was 
very heavy, and that of the enemy was worse. Col. McGavock, 
of the Tenth Tennessee, was killed while leading his gallant 
old regiment in the charge. Private Lee McClure, of the 
Third, conspicuously brave, was killed. Capt. Ab Boon, of 
Company F, Forty-First, was killed. He advanced the skir- 
mish line into a thicket, where he came upon a Yankee, who 
shot him. The Captain called to Henry C. Whitesides, of 
his company, who was near him, and said: "Go tell Col. Till- 
man that the enemy is flanking him. They have killed me." 
And he sank down dead. When Whitesides had delivered the 
message and returned to where his captain lay, his sword and 
gold watch were gone, having been taken by the enemy. The 
Forty-First was formed, to bring up the rear, in an open 
field under a heavy fire from the Federal artillery, and exe- 
cuted the move, "Change front, forward on first company," 
with as much composure as if they had been on a drill field, 
and the men were highly complimented by Gen. Gregg, who 
witnessed the move. The brigade passed through Raymond 
near dark, marching out on the Jackson road about three 
miles, and camped. The next morning we marched for Jack- 
son, and met Gen. W. H. T. Walker's Brigade of Georgia 
troops. They had left their knapsacks at Jackson, and had 
come at a quick step to meet us. 

Gen. Walker, being the senior, took command of the division 
— the two brigades. We reached Jackson about dark, and 
occupied the breastworks in front of the city. The Yankees 

had followed us closely, and in a half hour's time after we 
halted their camp fires were seen in our front. 

Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, having arrived, took command, 
and the next morning, in a downpour of rain, we evacuated 
Jackson. The citizens were very much excited at the approach 
of the Yankees, and the business houses were thrown open, 
the goods thrown into the streets, and many soldiers loaded 
themselves with such things as they wanted. The convicts 
were turned out of the penitentiary. As we marched out by 
the lunatic asylum, the inmates were scattered about the 
premises in a confused manner. We marched toward Canton, 
some ten miles north. Grant's army turned back toward 
Vicksburg, and fought Gen. Pemberton at Edwards Station, 
after which he retreated and occupied the fortifications around 
Vicksburg. Gen. Johnston, having received reenforcements, 
moved by Benton to Yazoo City to take position on Grant's 
flank and rear. 

On July 4 Vicksburg fell, and on the morning of the 6ih 
we started on a forced march for Jackson, with orders to keep 
as silent as possible. No guns were to be discharged, no hal- 
looing to be allowed, with positive orders that straggling from 
the ranks be not pcrmiitcd. We had a race with Grant's army 
for Jackson, and they had the shorter route. Water was very 
scarce, seldom to be had at all, and the weather was extremely 
hot, so there was much sufl'ering. When we reached Jackson, 
Grant was again on our heels. We occupied the works around 
the city from the river above to the same below. Grant took 
position in our front, and soon sharpshooting and cannonading 
began in earnest. For seven days it continued, and many as- 
saults on our works were made. Gregg's Brigade was posted 
on the left of the road going out of the city toward Vicksburg. 
One morning the Yankees charged our pickets in a ravine, 
where there were pools of water, and drove them out. Gen. 
Gregg called for three hundred volunteers to rcenforce our 
line to retake the ravine, which was done. The Yankees were 
driven out and a number of canteens were captured. They had 
sent in details with canteens to get water. One evening, about 
one o'clock, the Yankees charged our works at a point where 
a section of Bledsoe's Battery was situated, just on the left of 
our brigade, and Sergeant Ball, who had charge of the sec- 
tion, shot at the color bearer, and severed his head from his 
body. He then (for at that moment the Yankees retreated) 
jumped over the works, ran to the dead Yankee, wrapped the 
head up in the flag, and brought it inside of the works, and 
the boys tore up the flag into small strips and tied them on 
their guns. On tlie next morning an armistice, was had in 
order that the Federals might bury their dead. 

During the armistice an old Billy goat passed out along the 
road and got between our line of works and that of the 
Yankees. There was a man in the Forty-First Tennessee. 
John England, who the boys called R-ockic, whose appetite 
thirsted for the flesh of the aforesaid Billy, so he jumped 
over the works and started in hot haste after the Billy goat. 
Billy being suspicious of said Rnckie's intentions, started down 
the lines, his momentum being like unto a hobbyhorse, first 
the head going up and then the tail, now and then looking 
back at Rockie, who, with cap in hand, was following in close 
pursuit. Our boys began to call 10 Rockie, "Lie down, Rockie !" 
when the Yankees took up the strain, and both sides with 
mirthful exclamations called, "Lie down, Rockie!" From that 
day to the close of the war "Lie down, Rockie" was a byword 
with ihe soldiers. After the seven days' fighting, we again 
evacuated Jackson, and soon after we went to Chickamauga 
to reenforce Gen. Bragg. 

Homer, Ky. H. K. NeI.SON. 

Qopfederat^ l/eterao. 


The foregoing reminiscence will be read with interest by 
survivors who were engaged. The writer recalls the battle of 
Raymond as the most unequal of the war. There had to be 
constant and rapid shifting of Gregg's little brigade, with 
spaces between regiments equal to their frontage to prevent 
our being surrounded. On one occasion the Forty-First Ten- 
nessee, while moving by file to our left, became so exposed to 
the enemy that a terrific fire of small arms knocked up the 
dust like a sudden fall of large raindrops, and about two- 
jliirds of fhc men in the rear and front of Capt. S. O. Woods 

CArr. s. o. woons. 

and his sergeant (now edilor of the Veteran) were 
wounded or their clothes torn by bullets. 

When it was manifest that quick withdrawal of the brigade 
was imperative to avoid its capture, the line was moved at a 
<juick but orderly step back through the town of Raymond. 
Members of the Tenth Tennessee, Irish, who were carrying 
the dead body of their gallant colonel, Randall W. McGavock, 
killed only a little while before, .seeing that the Federal army 
would soon overtake them, were about to drop his body when 
Lieut. P. M. Griffin, in charge of the body, checked them 
resolutely with these words: "D^ it, men; die by your colo- 
nel !" Seeing that it would be impossible to get away with 
the body, Lieut. GritTin advised his men to go, and he stayed 
and surrendered, that he might do what he could for burial of 
the body. On the way to prison Capt. Grifiin (then lieutenant) 
made his escape while the boat was anchored at Memphis, get- 
ting out through the wheel house and swimming ashore. 

Raymond on tliat eventful afternouu illustrated the magic 
speed and enei-gy of Southern women in an emergency. 
Homes were opened, and wounded Confederate soldiers were 
being cared for just as if they had been sons and brothers. 
That eventful day in the history of Raymond, from early 
morn — when, among other kindnesses, little plugs of tobacco 

were carried along the lines and graciously given the sol- 
diers — until the welcome sunset and the darkness that fol- 
lowed enabled the little brigade to escape capture by a large 
army, will ever remain a vivid memory to those who shared 
in its anxiety and suffering. The people of Raymond have 
always held in admiration and gratitude the deeds of our sol- 
diers on that memorable day in May, i86,r 


I sometimes meet with friends who ask me if I am one of 
the seven who were buried alive in Virginia by a shell. I 
answer by telling them how it happened. Well, it was this 
way: I was on picket duty at night. To protect ourselves 
from the shot and shells while keeping the Yankees from 
landing, we erected pits about seven feet square and five 
to six feet high. We were three miles from the river, our 
line extending endwise toward it. Our aim was to keep 
them from landing a force off on the river, so we had orders 
to throw up the mounds about every fifty yards. The pit 
we were in was some five and a half feet deep, and there was 
a trench dug running out around for the vedette to stand in. 
He had orders when he saw the flash of the artillery to run 
back behind the mound, which he did, and fell on us while 
we were asleep, and the four-hundrcd-pound shell that was 
thrown three miles struck the mound and exploded in there 
and covered us five or six feet. When we were taken out 
we were all in a manner dead. We were taken away on 
litters. While they were carrying us away, another shell came 
from the same boat, passing a little higher, and exploded. 
Then the boys laid us down and ran away, but soon returned 
and got us out. While in there the boys who started to get 
us out ran away and left us in there, the shelling was so hot. 

Gil Turner, who now lives near Chapel Hill, told some boys 
to pitch in with him and get us out, which he and they did. 
Had it not been for Turner, we should have been there yet. 
So I wish Gill Turner and those who helped him may live 
long and be happy while they live. 

The awful feelings I had while in that condition I shall 
never be able to tell. It seems that I thought of every- 
thing I ever knew. This occurred in Virginia. The writer 
is W. F. Russell, and his comrades were of the Seventeenth 
Tennessee Regiment: J. M. Hastings, Sim Terry, Warren 
Hinsen, P. D. Parker, Simon Roberts. The other one of the 
seven I cannot recall, but I should like to know. I hope to 
see Gill Turner several times before I die. 

Jim Bkvan Was Tiidre. — Comrade Carter Bcrkcly. of. 
Staunton, Va., states that James Bryan, an inmate of the 
Soldiers' Home at Richmond (who spent the summer with 
his friend Lieut. Gov. Echols), went out with Company I, 
Fifth Virginia Regiment, Stonewall Brigade. No finer sol- 
dier ever pulled a trigger than Jim, and he was badly wounded 
several times. At the bloody angle, Capt. Charles S. Arnall 
was acting adjutant of the Stonewall Brigade, and in passing 
the Fifth Regiment he heard a voice coming from the line 
of battle that was fighting desperately: "Hello, Captain!" 
He turned and saw Jim in the front rank loading his gun. 
He said: "Captain, you see me, don't you?" The next day 
the Captain saw Jim, and said: "Jim, what in the world did 
you stop me in that awful place yesterday for?" He replied; 
"Captain, wasn't that the hottest place you ever saw?" The 
Captain said it was. "Well," said Jim, "I only wanted a wit- 
ness that I was there." 


C^oijfederate l/eterap. 


Col. L. P. Thomas wriics in Gwinnett (Ga.) Journal: 

"Mr. Editor: By request of one of the fair Daughters of tlic 
Ojnfederacy of your grand old county, I contribute a short 
article for the 'Woman's Edition' of your journal for the wor- 
thy purpose of aiding the Winnie Davis Memorial. 

"Alter my return from the gold fields of California, in 1856, 
I married one of Gwinnett's purest and brightest daughters, 
and conunenced a mercantile business under the style of Wil- 
son & Thomas. I was enjoying prosperity in this business 
when the tocsin of war was sounded. I organized Company 
A from the noble, gallant young men of Gwinnett County, 
which became a part of the grand old Forty-Second Georgia 
Regiment. It was first commanded by Col. R. J. Henderson, 
with R. F. Maddo.v lieutenant colonel, W. H. Hulscy major. 
After fighting over Kentucky and through Tennessee, it was 
at Vicksburg in the memorable forty-seven days' siege, witii 
the hardships of the ditches, on half rations and part of the 
time eating mule meat to keep soul and body together, all 
this time under a galling fire from the gunboats on the river 
and the small arms from the enemy occupying the intrench- 
ments surrounding this doomed city. 

"After returning to our native Georgia, we fought over ali 
the bloody fields from Missionary Ridge to Atlanta, and then 
again made an onward march to Nrishville, fighting over the 
ncvcr-to-be-forgotten plains of Franklin, which was one of the 
hardest fought battles of the war. We had been in many skir- 
mishes, besides having fought the following hard and bloody 
battles, viz. ; Tazewell, Cumberland Gap, Chickasaw Bayou, 
Baker's Creek, Vicksburg, Missionary Ridge, Rocky Face, 
Resaca, New Hope, Pumpkin Vine, Kennesaw, Atlanta (July 
20, 18O4), Atlanta (July 22, 1864), Atlanta (July 28, 1864}, 
Jonesboro, Franklin (November 30, 1864), Nashville (Decem- 
ber 16, 17, 1864), Edisto River, Bindker's Bridge, Orangeburg, 
Winston, and then Bentonville, this being twenty-two in all 
and the last battle of the war. A few of this noble old regi- 
ment yet remain. 

" Benton viu.E. 

"In this last battle of the war all of this grand regiment cov- 
ered themselves in glory. We had taken our position in a 
pine forest near the main road leading to Smithfield Station, 
at which point the Federals charged our line repeatedly, theii 
colors proudly waving immediately in our front. Their colors 
would rise and fall in a few feet of our battle line. It was 
here I saw Moses Martin, of Company A, fall. He lay there 
among other wounded ones, and encouraged our boys to move 
on. Soon after this charge was made, and we were resting 
en our arms, some of the Confederate officers came rapidly 
down our line and complimented us for the fight we had made. 
Soon after this our entire army was again moved toward 
Smithfield Station, at which point the reorganization of the 
army under Gen. J. E. Johnston took place. Col. R. J. Hen- 
derson, who had been commanding Cumming's Brigade for 
some time, was promoted to brigade commander. I had first 
taken coinmand of the Forty-Second Georgia on the battlc- 
lield at Resaca, Ga., and commanded in most of the battles 

"In this reorganization I was promoted to lieutenant colonel, 
and J. J. McClendon was made the major. The regiment was 
then known as the Consolidated Forty-Second Georgia Regi- 
ment, many of the regiments being consolidated so as to 
make one regiment, and new officers placed over them. 

"Gen. J. E. Jolinslon had again assumed command, and the 
different organizations, under new leaders, commenced in ear- 
nest to drill and maneuver, preparing for the next battle. 

"With this new order of things we were again ready for 
the conflict, but the fighting was over. 

"Soon thereafter our entire army commenced to march to- 
ward Greensboro, N. C. On the march, perhaps the second 
day on the way, a soldier, who had belonged to the Virginia 
army and had in some way gotten away in advance of his com- 
rades and no doubt was moving as rapidly as he could to- 
ward his loved ones and home, disheartened, sore-footed, and 
hungry, reported to the officers he first met that Gen. Lee 

cut.. I.. 1". TIIUMAS. 

had surrendered. This seemed, so absurd that we could not 
believe it, and the poor fellow was j)ut under arrest and held 
for a day. After this the news of the surrender came thick 
and fast, and the Virginia soldier was again allowed to pro- 
ceed toward his home, apologies having been made to him. 

"Another thrilling incident I remember. A soldier (his 
regiment and name I have forgotten) had been tried by a 
court-martial for desertion. He was a young fellpw, and had 
not been long with his command; but the strictest discipline 
was necessarily in force, and the sentence was death. He 
was to be executed that very day near Greensboro. The de- 
tail of men had been made, the time and place selected where 
he was to be legally executed (shot to death) under military 
order. His position had been taken, the soldiers were drawn 
up in front to do the firing, when a dashing young officer from 
the army headquarters was seen in the distance riding at 
breakneck speed and waving the pardon from the general 
connnanding just in time to save the life of the poor fellow. 

"We commenced moving again in silence toward Greens- 
boro and High Point, where we surrendered a few days 

"Gen. Johnston, in his 'Narrative of the War,' says: 'On 
May 2, 1865. the three corps and three little bodies of cav- 
alry of the Confederate army were ordered to march to their 
destinations, each under its own commander, and my military 
connection with these matchless and fearless soldiers was 

C^opfederat^ l/eterai) 


"Our command moved on to High Point, a short distance 
from Greensboro, and there in an old fiekl I had our regiment 
to stack arms, about four hundred in number, and when that 
was done, amid a silence that could almost be felt, many a 
tear was shed by brave officers and brave men while standing 
there over those guns. A beautiful address had been pre- 
pared and hnnded to me, signed by every officer and non- 
commissioned officer in my regiment, expressive of the highest 
admiration for me and the deepest regret at parting. This 
address I still have, preserved among my many cherished army 


" "Tell :t as you may, 

It never can be told; 

Sing it as you will. 

It never can be sung — 

The story of the glory 

Of the men who wore the gray.' " 

L. P. Thomas Chapter, U. D. C./ Norcross, Ga. 

Laura J McNab, President, furnishes us a sketch: 

"The L. P. Thomas Chapter, U. D. C, was organized at 
Norcross August g, 1899, with twelve charter members. The 
first officers were: Mrs. E. L. McNabb, President; Mrs. R. 
A. Myers and Mrs. H. V. Jones, Vice Presidents ; Mrs. Julia 
Gartrell, Recording Secretary; Mrs. Druscilla RichardscJii, 
Corresponding Secret:iry; Mrs. W. M. Wallace, Treasurer; 
Mrs. Cornelia C. Jones, Historian. 

"The Chapter numbers eighteen members now. Two of the 
charter members have died, and six members have moved 
away, among them the efficient Treasurer, Mrs. Wallace. 

"In nan;ing the Chapter for Col. L. P. Thomas, the ladies 
desired not only to compliment a brave oflicer but also to pay 
a well-deserved tribute to the gallant Forty-Second Rcgimeni, 
which numbered among its members so many of Gwinnett's 
bravest soldiers. 

"Every year since its organization the Chapter has observed, 
with appropriate exercises, Lee's birthday. Memorial Day, and 
the birthday of Jefferson Davis, on which occasions addresses 
have been delivered by such distinguished persons as Col. L. 
P. Thomas, Gen. A. J. West, Hon. H. P. IBell, and ex-Gov- 
ernor .'\. D. Candler. 

"On Memorial Day the graves of every Confederate veteran 
who sleeps in the cemetery at Norcross is wreathed with flow- 
ers. In this the Daughters of the Confederacy have the hearty 
cooperation of all the citizens. Silver-haired veterans and 
prattling children go hand in hand paying the beautiful tribute 
of love to the 'men who wore the gray.' 

"The Chapter has contributed to the Winnie Davis Memorial 
at Athens and the Davis monument at Richmond. Twenty- 
five crosses of honor have been delivered to Veterans, and 
twelve more applications are filed, lo be delivered this Jan- 

"The Chapter holds its regular meetings on the first Friday 
afternoon of each month. In addition to this, last winter the 
members had a Study Evening, one evening in the week de- 
voted lo the study of such characters as Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, Jackson, and Calhoun." 

The Richard B. Hubbard Chapter, U. D. C. — The Rich- 
ard B. Hubbard Chapter of the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy was organized Saturday evening, October 24, 
at Hubbard City, Tex., with a membership of about thirty. 
Miss Katie DafVan, of Ennis, Tex., President of the State or- 
ganization, was there to assist in organizing the Chapter. 
The following officers were elected: President, Mrs. Dora 
Pinkston; Vice Presidents, Mrs. R. S. Stovall and Mrs. Mat- 

tie Waller; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Joseph E. Taulman; 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Hallie Sadler; Registrar, Mrs. 
J. M. Peden; Historian, Mrs. Cora Porter; Treasurer, Mrs. 
W. W. Thompson. 

Characteristic of Southern Womanhood. — A fine illus- 
tration of the energy and industry exhibited by the Southern 
women after the war was recently given by a patron of the 
Veteran in what she had done for herself and others: 

"After the first bitterness was over, I realized that I must 
work or lose my mind. Since then I have tried to do with 
all my might whatever work God seemed to place before me. 
On our old place I superintended the planting and cultivation 
of a small but beautiful orange grove. The income from 
it was ample for my simple wants. The freeze eight years 
ago cut it down to the ground. The succeeding cold winter 
and want of money rendered my efTorts to restore it futile. 
In spite of all the sorrow the war brought upon me and mine 
and upon my beloved Southland, I would rather that it came 
than that my countrymen had submitted to be trampled upon 
without a struggle to he free. The cause was and is very dear 
to my heart." 

Manner of Stonewall Jackson's Death. — E. L. Moore. 
Esq., writes from Lamar, Mo., a comment on Capt. Randolph's 
sketch, in which he stales : 

"The article on the 'Manner of Stonewall Jackson's Death,' 
by W. F. Randolph, captain of Jackson's bodyguard, is very 
interesting; but I call your attention to the serious discrep- 
ancies between this account and that of the same great tragedy 
(commencing on page 685 of the 'Life and Campaigns of 
Jackson') by R. L. Dahney, who, I understand, was Jackson's 
chief of staff. Capt. Randolph places himself in command of 
Jackson's bodyguard at that time, while Dabncy's account ap- 
parently gives that position to a Capt. Wilbourne, and does not 
mention Capt. Randolph. Other discrepancies in names and 
details appear, but this is the most serious and serves as an 

"Now, for the sake of historical truth, it does seem that 
there ought to be some effort at reconciliation of these author- 
ities. Surely there ought to be no question as to every name 
and detail of so imporlant an event as the firing upon Jackson 
that fatal night. 

"Dahney 's work was written by a man who was intimately 
associated with Jackson during his campaigns, and was pub- 
lished prior lo April i, 1866, while everything was fresh in the 
author's mind. I hope this mystery can be cleared up." 


A Tyler, Tex., special to the Houston Post reports a case of at- 
tempted shooting which illustrates the sentiment of that people: 

"In a crowded store Dave Murray, aged about seventy years, 
a gallant Confederate soldier, shot at a young man about twen- 
ty-seven years of age. Mr. Murray, who enjoys the love and 
esteem of every one who knows him, stated the trouble was 
caused by a family matter. The bullet passed through the 
crown of Tom Johnson's hat, grazing his head. News soon 
spread that Dave Murray was under arrest, and immediately 
the poor and the v,realthy ex-Confederates came pouring into 
the courthouse. His bond was placed at $300, and the aggre- 
gate wealth of his bondsmen is over $500,000. Every one was 
anxious to sign the bond. Hut Murray, the defendant's broth- 
er, was taken from the jail here in reconstruction days and 
mobbed by Federal soldiers. He was bayoneted to death by 
over five hundred soldiers. He had attacked with a knife a 
Yankee soldier for insulting a lady in the streets." 


(Confederate Ueterai>. 



Prince Edward County, Va., contributed her quota of stars 
to that constellation of military geniuses that rose resplendent 
in the skies of the Old Dominion. High among that number, 
shining as a Mar of the iirst magnitude, is Sterling Price. He 
was a Virginian by birth and a Missourian by adoption. Born 
September 14, 1809, he grew to manhood in the county of his 
nativity. He was educated at Hampden-Sidney College, a ven- 
erable institution that numbers among its charter members 
Patrick Henry and James' Madison. 

Democracy in this Western world has ever sought the out- 
post of civilization unhampered by the customs and the tradi- 
tions of the lands across the sea. This is a partial explanation 
of that great exodus of Puritan and Cavalier from out the con- 
servative East. In the soil of the Slates of the Middle West 
these two streams of humanity confiuenced and gave birth to 
the American citizen. In the wake of this tide the Price fam- 
ily came to Missouri in 1831, and settled in Chariton County. 

From 1832 to 1840 Sterling Price knit strength into his vig- 
orous frame by labor upon his father's farm. He had, in 1833, 
married the daughter of Capt. Head— an excellent Virginia 
family that had preceded the Prices to Missouri. 

Young Price became a leading citizen of Chariton County, 
combining his well-trained mind with rare tact and common 
sense. He carried these qualities, with a winning personality, 
into the political arena, and was elected to the eleventh Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State of Missouri upon the Democratic 
ticket. He was honored in his second term by being chosen 
speaker of the House. At this time Sterling Price was thirty- 
one years old. He possessed the dash and the courtliness of 
the Cavalier and the austerity of Puritan moral conviction. He 
was of that type and quality which gave to this country her 
first Americans. Thus he soon was deemed an integral part 
of the life of his State, and accordingly, in 1844, was elected 
to the Lower House of the Twenty-Ninth Congress of the 
United States. 

War with Mexico was pending. The controversies in Con- 
gress were heated. The martial spirit of the man was stirred, 
the innate Anglo-Saxon aversion to Latin supremacy asserteJ 
itself, and he chose a military life. He was a soldier born. 

Jefferson Davis, the future President of the Southern Con- 
federacy, and Sterling Price resigned their seats in Congress 
at the same time, and were commissioned by President Polk 
to raise regiments m their respective States. 

Col. Price's regiment was detailed for duty in New Mexico 
Territory. When the Connnanding General Kearney pro- 
ceeded to California with the main army. Sterling Price was 
virtually given military command of the Territory, with a 
force of two thousand men. 

Immediately upon the departure of Gen. Kearney, the Mex- 
icans rose in revolt, brutally murdered the provisional gov- 
ernor, and planned to exterminate all American life in New 

But the conspirators had not reckoned with the men from 
Missouri and their young colonel. Placing himself at the 
head of five hundred men. Col. Price stormed the heights on 
which the enemy was posted, received his baptism of fire, 
won the first engagement of his military career, and displayed 
a trait that ever characterized him in warfare — leading men 
into battle rather than directing them into it. 

Five more fierce engagements subjugated the enemy. The 
acluevements of the young colonel were recognized by Con- 
gress, and he was raised to the rank of brigadier general. The 
impartial historian of our war with Mexico will acknowledgt 
the command of Price as the winner of New Mexico to the 
arms of the United States. 

Sterling Price returned home laden with honors. In 1852 
he was elected Governor of Missouri. At the expiration of 
his term of office ominous war clouds lowered over the nation, 
from which the lightning of sectional hate occasionally flashed, 
followed by the mutlermgs of discontent. 

His attitude in that ordeal is easy of definition. He be- 
lieved in the sovereignty of the States ; he was acquainted with 
the difficulties attending the formation of the constitution by 
the representatives of the thirteen original colonies; he knew 
that constitutional rights in America were born of revolu 
tionary rights, and he felt that when constitutional doctrine 
endangered the liberties of a people the right of revolution 
became imperative. "Rights in the constitution" was his 
motto; but if rights were not to be had in it, then create a 
new constitution. 

In the special convention of 1861, called by Missouri, Price 
stood for these principles. But the "irrepressible conflict" 
came. It would have been less bitter in Missouri had not 
Nathaniel Lyon, bigot and fanatic, stalked upon the scene. 
He spoke with contempt of the Price-Harney agreement — an 
agreement that would have saved thousands of lives and 
millions of dollars. 

At this juncture Sterling Price drew his sword, as did Lee, 
in defense of his State. Gen. Sherman said that the North 
iiiukl better afi'ord to lose the State of Missouri than Price. 
i he motives which actuated Price were not ulterior, for he 
knew that the strength of the North was double that of the 
South, but with him might did not make right. 

Price's record in the War between the States stamps him as 
one of the foremost leaders of the lost Confederacy. From 
Wilson Creek's sanguinary battle he emerged the leader of his 
people. At Lexington he executed a piece of strategy that set 
the Eastern critics wondering and caused the North to send her 
best generals against him. On tlie field of Elk Horn he distin- 
guished himself by personal bravcryrand for his care of his sol- 
diers he won the sobriquet of "Old Pap." At luka he fought 
so hard that Rosecrans said: "Price is a pertinacious fighter." 
The Confederate retreat from Corinth, slipping out of the care- 
fully laid meshes of a superior Federal force, was one of the 
most sensational and strategic moves of the entire war. Price 
conducted the crucial part of that retreat. Never was his sub- 
jective soldier instincts better displayed. When theories failed, 
his native cunning, resourcefulness, and conunon sense won. 

When Lee surrendered. Sterling Price soon accepted the sit- 
uation gracefully, and with characteristic optimism faced the 
problems which awaited every son of the South. But the re- 
construction of the nation was for others, for Missouri's great 
.soldier was summoned to go up higher. Unbiased and unem- 
bittered, he passed away September 29, 1867, mourned by the 
South, for which he had fought, and respected by those 
against whom he had unsheathed his mighty sword. 

[In using the sketches of Gens. Sterling Price and Patrick 
R. Cleburne, it was intended to give the picture of each the full 
front page, but failure to procure suitable pictures precluded 
it. A picture of the Cleburne (lag was kindly sent by Col. 
H. G. Evans, of Columbia, Tenn., an ardent admirer of "Old 
Pat," but it is of blue print, and therefore cannot be repro- 
duced by the photo-engraving process. — Ed.] 

Qoijfederate l/eterap. 



The following extracts are taken from a sketch of Gen. Cle- 
burne written by Gen. Hardee in May, 1867, in whose corps 
Gen. Cleburne served most of the time from the rank of 
colonel to that of major general : 

"Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was an Irishman by birth, a 
Southerner by adoption and residence, a lawyer by profession, 
a soldier in the British army by accident, in his youth, and a 
soldier in tlie Southern armies from patriotism and conviction 
of duty in his manhood. Upon coming to the United States, 
he located in TTelcna, Ark., where he studied and practiced law. 
In the commencement of the war for Southern independence, 
he enlisted as a private. He was subsequently made captain of 
his company, and shortly after he was elected and commis- 
sioned colonel of his regiment. Thus from one grade to an- 
other he gradually rose to the high rank of major general, 
which he held when he fell. It is but just praise to «ay there 
was no truer patriot, no more cour.Hgeous soldier, nor. of his 
rank, more able commander in the Southern armies ; and it is 
too much to add that his fall was a greater loss to the cause he 
espoused than that of any other Confederate leader after 
Stonewall Jackson. 

"In the battle of Franklin, Novemlier jo, 1864, Cleburne fell 
at the head of his division. Ho was one of thirteen general 
officers killed or disabled in the combat. He had impressed 
upon his officers the necessity of carrying the position he had 
been ordered to attack, a very strong one, at all cost. The 
troops knew from fearful experience, of their own and their 
enemy's, what it was to assault such works. To encourage 
them, Cleburne led them in person nearly to the ditch of the 
enemy's line. There rider and horse, each pierced by a score 
of bullets, fell dead close by the enemy's works. 

"The death of Cleburne cast a deep gloom over the army and 
the country. Eight millions of people, whose hearts liad learned 
to thrill at his name, now mourned liis loss, and felt there was 
none to take his place. The division with which his fame 
was identified was worthy of him, and he had made it so. Its 
numbers were made up and its honors shared by citizens of 
the five States — Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, and 
Tennessee. In it was also one regiment of Irishmen, who, on 
every field, illustrated the characteristics of the race that fur- 
nishes the world with soldiers. No one of its regiments but 
bore upon its colors the significant device of the "crossed 
cannon niverted," and the name of each battle in which it had 
been engaged. Prior to the battle of Shiloh, a blue battle flag 
had been adopted by me for this division; and when the Con- 
federate battle flag became the national colors, Cleburne's Divi- 
sion, at its urgent request, was allowed to retain its own bullet- 
riddled battle flag. This was the only division in the Confed- 
erate service allowed to carry into action other than the na- 
tional colors; and friends and foes soon learned to watch the 
course of the blue flag that marked where Cleburne was in the 
battle. Where this division defended, no odds broke its lines; 
where it attacked, no numbers resisted its onslaught, save only 
once — there is the grave of Cleburne and his heroic division. 

"Cleburne, at the time of his death, was about thirty-seven 
years of age. He was above the medium height, about five feet 
eleven inches, and, though without striking personal advan- 
tages, would have arrested attention from a close observer as a 
man of mark. His hair, originally black, became gray under the 
care and fatigue of campaigning. His eyes, a clear steeJ-gray 
in color, were cold and abstracted usually, but beamed genially 
in seasons of social intercourse, and blazed fiercely in moments 
of excitement. A good-sized and well-shaped head, prominent 
features, slightly aquiline nose, thin, grayish whiskers worn on 

the lip and chin, and an expression of countenance, when in 
repose, rather indicative of a man of thought than action, com- 
pletes the picture. His manners were distant and reserved to 
strangers, but frank and winning among friends. He was as 
modest as a woman, but not wanting in that fine ambition 
which ennobles men. Simple in his tastes and habits, and ut- 
terly regardless of personal comfort, he was always mindful 
of the comfort and welfare of his troops. An incident which 
occurred at Atlanta illustrates his habitual humanity to pris- 
oners. A captured Federal officer was deprived of his bat and 
blankets by a needy soldier of Cleburne's command, and Cle- 
burne, failing to detect the oflfender or to recover the property, 
sent the officer a hat of his own and his only pair of blankets. 

"Cleburne's remains were buried after the battle of Franklin 
in the Polk Cemetery, near Colinnbia. Tenn. Gens. Granbery 
and Strahl. brave comrades who fell in the same action, were 
buried there also On the march to Colmnbia, a few days be- 
fore his death. Cleburne halted at this point, and in one of the 
gentle moods of the man that sometiines softened the mien of 
the soidier, gazed a moment in silence upon the scene, and, 
turning to some members of his staflf, said : 'It is almost worth 
dying to rest in so sweet a spot.' 

"It was in remembrance of thfese words that their suggestion 
was carried out in the choice of his burial place. In this spot 
where nature has lavished her wealth of grace and beauty — 
in the bosom of the State be did so much to defend, within 
whose borders he first guided his charging lines to victory. 
and to whose soil he finally yielded to the cause the last and all 
a patriot soldier can give— rests what was mortal of Patrick 
Cleburne, and will rest until his adopted State shall claim his 
ashes and raise above them monumental honors to the virtues 
of her truest citizen, her noblest champion, her greatest soldier. 

"Cleburne had often expressed the hope that he might not 
survive the loss of independence by the South. Heaven heard 
the prayer, and spared him this pang. He fell before the ban- 
ner he had so often guided to victory was furled, before the 
people he fought for were crushed, before the cause failed. 

"Two continents now claim his name, eight millions of peo- 
ple revere his memory, two great communities raise monuments 
to his virtues, and history will take up his fame and hand it 
down to time for e.xampling, wherever a courage without stain. 
a manhood without blemish, an integrity that knew no com- 
promise, and a patriotism that withheld no sacrifice, are hon- 
ored of mankind." 

Since the above was written by Gen. Hardee, Arkansas has 
claimed the dust of her illustrious soldier, and it now rests 
beneath a handsome monument in the cemetery of Helena. 

I lie remains of Gen. Granbery have been removed to Texas, 
and Gen. Strahl to Dyersburg, Tenn.. among the people vifith 
whom he lived on coming South from Ohio. 

It is a singular fact that, though Cleburne's and Cheatham's 
Divisions were together nearly all of the war, there was never 
any of one command toward the other. There was, 
in fact, ardent admiration between the men of the two com- 
mands. On occasions of terrific fighting each was proud of 
the support of the other, and the heroism of one division was 
an inspiration to the other. 

IT. S. Fulkr writes from Malvern, Ark.: 

"The Veter.^n for November, on page 519, made me say, 
'Fort Moultrie was in possession of the enemy,' while it was 
in our possession, and it w-as our own guns that sunk our boat. 
The North Carolina Regiment was ordered to Sullivan's Island 
and ours to James Island. That was some time before the 
final evacuation of Morris Island." 


Confederate l/eterap, 

An interesting story is told by Joseph M. Hill in the dedi- 
cation of a Confederate monument at Fort Smith, Ark. While 
it comes as an oration, it is a gem in historic data, and was 
delivered in behalf of the Varina Jefferson Davis Chapter, 
U. D. C. Mr. Hill is the youngest son of Gen. D. H. Hill, 
and son-in-law of Gen. D. H. Reynolds. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: In October, 1817, a military post 
was established at Belle Point, near the confluence of the 
Poteau and Arkansas Rivers, by Maj. William Bradford, act- 
ing under the order of Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Smith, of the 
United States army, commanding the Ninth Military Depart- 
ment, which embraced this part of the then Missouri Territory. 

In 1818 a wooden stockade, protected by wooden block- 
houses, was constructed thereon, and named, in honor of Gen. 
Smith, Fort Smith. It was occupied as a fort for twenty 
years, when a new site was selected, and three hundred acres 
purchased by the government, principally from Capt. John 
Rogers, the then owner of the land upon which most of our 
city is located. This tract constituted what is known as the 
Reserve, so famed in our local history. 

The fort was built thereon in 1838, its rock walls being con- 
structed with the stone taken from Belle Point, thereby 
effacing the beauty of that work of nature. 

From J838 until April 23. 1861, the fort was almost contin- 
uously occupied by United States troops, and on the latter 
date was evacuated, evidently in anticipation of tlie storm 
about to break. 

The army officers selected a beautiful site within this Re- 
serve, on the banks of the Poteau above the Point, for the 
burial of the dead belonging to the army. 

When the Confederate government was organized and 
Arkansas cast htr fate with the new-formed nation, the fort 
became (at least de facto) the property of the Confederate 
States, and was used by their troops. 

The bloody battle of Elk Horn, or Pea Ridge, was fought 
on the 7th day of March, 1862, and therein fell Brig. Gens. 
Ben. McCulloch and James Mcintosh. Of them their com- 
manding officer, Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, said: "McCulloch 
and Mcintosh fell in the very front of the battle and in llie 
full tide of success; with them went down the confidence and 
hope of their troops. No success can repair the loss of such 

All that was mortal of these heroes was brought here for 
interment in the cemetery appertaining to the fort. The story 
of their burial is like a talc from an olden book: Two coffins 
side by side, covered with the flag for which they died, drawn 
by six milk-white horses caparisoned in black, each led by a 
slave dressed in black, escorted by soldiers with reversed 
arms. Muffled drums and martial music marked the time of 
this stately procession as it wound its way through a silent 
multitude gathered from the whole countryside, standing with 
uncovered heads and moist eyes. 

"Slowly and sadly they laid them down. 

From the field of their fame fresh and gory. 
They carved not a line, they raised not a stone; 
But left them alone in their glory." 

Thus what had been the Federal cemetery became the Con- 
federate cemetery. Gen. McCulloch's body was soon removed 
to. Texas. 

Afler the battle of Prairie Grove another sad scene was wit- 
nessed when the body of gallant Brig. Gen. ."Mexander E. 

Steen, who fell in that battle, was brought here and interred 
beside his comrades. 

The old fort, during the year 1862 and until September I. 
1863, was used principally as a hospital. There the wounded 
and the sick from Elk Horn, Prairie Grove, and other battle- 
fields in this vicinity were brought for treatment and care. 
Ihe good women of Fort Smith devoted themselves to the 
nursing of these sick and wounded soldiers. The dead were 
all buried in this cemetery until the roll call in that bivouac 
of the dead numbered three hundred and eighteen Confederates. 

On September i, 1863, the Federals again occupied Fort 
Smith, and it remained in their hands until the war closed. 
After the war the Federal government, with just and gen- 
erous hands, gathered its dead from the battlefields and laid 
them tenderly to rest in cemeteries adorned with the beauties 
of nature and art, and commemorated their valor in shafts 
of marble and tablets of bronze. This cemetery on the Re- 
serve became one of the eighty-three national cemeteries main- 
tained by the government, and in it lie one thousand, eight 
hundred, and twenty-five Federal soldiers, and over their 
graves waves the flag of a reunited country. The Confederate 
dead buried there had no government to care for their heroic 
dust ; their flag was furled, but they have not been forgotten. 

About a decade after the war Gen. James F. Fagan and Dr. 
Elias DuV'al, names beloved in our community, inaugurated 
a movement to erect a monument to Gens. Steen and Mcin- 
tosh and their comrades to mark their resting place in the 
national cemetery. The ladies gave dinners, lectures, and en- 
tertainments of various kinds to assist in raising the neces- 
sary funds. Part, if not all, was thus raised by them. Col. 


Qopfederate l/eterai}, 


Elias C. Boudinot, that prince of song and story, delivered 
a lecture in behalf of this fund. As a result of this work a 
modest, yet appropriate, shaft was erected on Confederate 
Mound, and the bodies of the Confederates in the cemetery 
were placed together there. This monument remained there 
until destroyed by the cyclone of 1898, and another was placed 
in its stead when the government caused all the monuments 
destroyed bv that storm to be replaced. 

The Grand Army of the Republic have followed, if they did 
not inaugurate, a beautiful custom. Annually they assemble 
to honor their dead. With sad steps they march to the graves 
of their fallen comrades and scatter the flowers of spring, and 
with other appropriate ceremonies commemorate their valor in 
life and heroism in death. Every year when the Federal sol- 
diers and their wives and daughters have performed these 
beautiful rites a band of devoted Southern women have mar- 
shaled those of Southern ties to the cemetery, and there cov- 
ered the Confederate dead with roses and heaped garlands of 
tvergreens over their unresponsive dust. It is not invidious, 
but only simple justice, to say that this work of love has bee:i 
led by that devoted daughter of the South, Mrs. Sallie Ruth- 
erford, who has not been deterred by storm or sorrow from 
paying this tribute to the dead who wore the gray. Sometimes 
this memorial day has been jointly celebrated, and fitting 
eulogies delivered on both the gray and the blue. 

On the 23d of September, 1898, at the invitation of Miss 
Fannie Scott, of Van Buren, eight ladies met her and Mrs. 
Henry A. Mayer, then President of the Mary Lee Chapter of 
the Daughters of the Confederacy of Van Buren, at the resi- 
dence of Mrs. James M. Sparks, and it was then resolved to 
organize a Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy in 
Fort Smith, and on October 6, 1808. Varina Jefferson Davis 
Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy was formally 
organized with a full corps of officers, thirty-one ladies par- 
ticipating in the organization. 

It is a sorrow refreshed by this occasion that Miss Fannie 
Scott, Arkansas's Daughter, cannot see the fruition of the 
work of the Chapter she was instrumental in organizing. 
Her love of the South was intense and her devotion to the 
veterans of the lost Confederacy sublime. If it is given to 
the souls of those who die in the Lord to revisit the earth, 
her gentle spirit is with us to-day as a benediction. 

The object of the Chapter was declared to be "to search for 
and preserve the true history of the brave deeds of our South- 
ern men and women, and see that it is taught to the rising 
generation; to care for the graves of our Confederate heroes; 
and to see that the day set apart for decoration day be ob- 
served each year; to fulfill the duties of sacred charity to- 
ward Confederate veterans and their descendants ; and to 
erect monuments to our dead." 

The most cherished purpose of this Chapter (which has 
grown to one hundred and thirty members) has been to erect 
a suitable monument to the Confederate dead, and, as the 
original monument to Steen and Mcintosh and the Confeder- 
ates in the national cemeterv was destroyed, it was thought 
most fit to erect it on that spot where so many of them lie, 
which is endeared to the hearts of this community by many 
sad associations; and lliere, standing over the dust of these 
dead, would be ,1 ninii\uiunt tn .ill the Confederate dead. 

"We care not whence thoy came ; 
Dear is their lifeless clay: 
Whether unknown, or known to fame. 
Their cause and country still the same — 
They died and wore the gray." 

This Chapter accumulated by the hard work of its ladies the 
sum of $936.64, which was made by giving teas, dances, and 
suppers, attending booths at street fairs, and various enter- 
tainments, in which they worked in unison and harmony to 
this common end. A committee, consisting of Mrs. John H. 
Rogers and Mrs. James M. Sparks was appointed to solicit 
funds, and $1,196 was secured by solicitation and voluntary 
contribution. The sums ranged from ten cents to fifty dollars, 
and, whether the widow's mite or the rich man's dollars, each 
was given with full heart and ready hand; and all, except 
less than fifty dollars, was given from Fort Smith. $19975 
was contributed through solicitations of Ben T. DuVal Camp, 
United Confederate Veterans, and that fund has been used to 
adorn and beautify the approaches to this monument. The 
names of all the donors to this fund are placed in the corner 
stone of this monument. Some of the contributions to this 
fund are from those not of Confederate sympathy, who gave 
from a broad liberality, desiring to honor valiant Americans. 

In these ways a inonument fund of $2,332.39 was raised. 
The Daughters of the Confederacy selected a conmiittee of 
three veterans and three ladies to choose the design, contract 
for the monument, and cause its erection. That committee 
consisted of Messrs. John H. Rogers, Charles A. Birnie, and 
J. E. Reynolds, and Mrs. James l\f. Sparks, Mrs. W. J. Echols, 
and Mrs. Sue Bonneville. The completion of this monument, 
with every dollar of its cost paid, finishes their work. It is 
not on the site contemplated by reason of the intolerance of a 
Secretary of War, whose name should not be mentioned on a 
day dedicated to honoring American patriots. 

In behalf of the monument committee, I deliver this monu- 
ment to the Daughters of the Confederacy. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy will keep the faith. The 
women of the South sent to the front father, husband, son, 
and lover, and gave a smile with the parting tears. For four 
years, with needle, spinning wheel, and loom, they furnished 
clothing to the soldiers in front, and ofttimes with hoe and 
plow provided food at home. They endured hardships and 
privation with the stoicism of the veteran ; their spirits 
never waned, and in the face of defeat they sung to their foes 
the songs of the South. They never faltered, and they never 
surrendered. Welcoming back their loved ones, they cheered 
their despondency, helped the maimed, and revered the mem- 
ory of their dead next to their God. They taught their chil- 
dren with the prayers of childhood the story of "that storm- 
cradled nation that fell," and made reverence of that a part of 
their religion. To their daughters this monument and all of 
which it is emblematic is handed as a sacred trust. They will 
teach posterity that wc have one country, one flag, and one 
people ; but once there was another flag, now furled forever, 
and under its folds marched armies clad in gray who added 
new honor to American manhood and new luster to American 
history, and they will point to this monument to emphasize 
the history of that other time, "Lest We Forget." 

C.\PT. Ben Davis with Pemberton at Vicksburg. — John 
Haywood, of Covington, Tenn., requests space in the Veteran 
to correct a mistake in Young's "History of the Seventh Ten- 
nessee Cavalry," which does great injustice to the memory of 
Capt. Ben Davis in the statement that he was "absent without 
leave" for a certain period. I belonged to his company, and 
testify that he was within the fortifications of Vicksburg with 
his company as Gen. Pemberton's escort and couriers during 
the time referred to. His son, Mr. Ben Davis, of Brownsville, 
and several members of the company request this correction. 


Confederate l/eteraij. 



William I.^ Roy Broun, while President of Alabama Poly- 
technic Institute, Auburn, and who was formerly lieutenant 
colonel of ordnance of the Confederate army, commanding 
the arsenal at Richmond, wrote the following account : 

In complying with your request to give experiences and 
difficulties in obtaining ordnance during the war, I shall en- 
deavor, relying on my memory and some available memoranda 
preserved, to give a statement of the collection and manufac- 
ture of ordnance stores for the use of the Confederate armies, 
so far as such manufacture was under my observation and 
control. After a year's service in the field as an artillery offi- 
cer, I was ordered to Richmond and made tuperinlendent of 
armories, with the rank of major in the regular army, a new 
office in the army of the Confederate States, and sent to various 
points in North Carolina and Georgia to inspect and report 
on the facilities possessed by different manufactories for mak- 
ing arms, swords, sulphuric acid, etc. As a general rule, the 
facilities for manufacturing were meager and crude, giving 
little prospect for an early serviceable product. 

Early in the spring of 1862 I was ordered to report at Holly 
Springs, Miss., and take charge of a factory just purchased 
by the Confederacy, and designed for the manufacture of 
small arms. It was not many months before the defeat of the 
Confederate army under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston at Shi- 
loh, Tenn., which caused a hurried removal of all the niacliin- 
ery to Meridian, Miss. I went to Richmond again, reported 
to the chief of ordnance, and was assigned to duty connected 
with the ordnance department. 

The Confederate Congress had authorised the appointment 
of fifty new ordnance officers, and the applications to the War 
Department became so numerous and persistent for these ap- 
pointments that the Secretary of War, Col. Randolph, or- 
dered that all applicants should submit to an examination, and 
that appointments would be made in order of merit, as re- 
ported by the board of examiners. Thus what we are now 
familiar with as civil service examinations were introduced 
by the Confederate War Department in 1862 in the appoint- 
ment of ordnance officers. 

I was made lieutenant colonel of ordnance, and as presi- 
dent of the board with two other officers constituted the 
board of examiners. Ry direction of Gen. J. Gorgas, the 
chief of ordnance, I prepared a field ordnance manual by 
abridging the old Ignited States Manual and adapting it to 
our service when necessary. This was published and dis- 
tributed in the army. 

The examination embraced the field ordnance manual as 
contained in this abridged edition, the elements of algebra, 
chemistry, and physics, with some knowledge of trigonometry 
The first examinations were held in Richmond. Of course the 
fact of the examinations greatly diminislied the number of 
applicants. Of those recommended by the board, so many 
were from Virginia that the President declined to appoint 
them mitil an er|iuil opportunity was given to the young men 
of the different armies of the Confederacy in other States. 

Hence I was directed to report to and conduct examinations 
in the armies of Gens. Lee and Jackson in Virginia, Gen. 
Bragg in Tennessee, and Gen. Penibcrton in Mississippi. Un- 
der other officers examinations were conducted in Alabama 
and Florida. The result of this sifting process was that the 
army was supplied with callable and efficient ordnance officers. 

Early in \9&t, I was appointed commandant of the Rich- 
mond arsen.-il. Here tlic greater part of the ordnance and 

ordnance stores were prepared for the use of the Confederate 

The arsenal occupied a number of large tobacco factories at 
the fool of Seventh Street, near the Tredegar Iron Works, 
between Cary Street and the James River. It included all the 
machine shops for working wood and iron organized into dif- 
ferent departments, each under subordinate officers, arranged 
to manufacture ordnance stores for the use of the Confederate 

Cannon were made at the Tredegar Iron Works, including 
siege and field guns, Napoleons, howitzers, and banded cast- 
iron guns. Steel guns were not made. We had no facilities 
for making s'ecl, and no time to experiment. 

The steel guns used by the Confederates were highly valued, 
and, with the exception of a few purchased abroad, were all 
captured from the Federals. 

At the beginning of the war the machinery belonging to 
the armory at Harper's Ferry wms removed to Richmond, and 
there established. This armory manufactured Enfield rifles, 
and the product was very stnall. not exceeding five hundred 
per month. 

With the exception of a few thousand rifles, the soldiers 
at the beginning of the war were armed with the old smooth- 
bore muskets and with old Austrian and Belgian rifles im- 
ported. These they exchanged for Enfield rifles as they were 
favored by the fortunes of war. 

In the summer of 18(12, after the seven days' battles around 
Richmond between Gen. Lee and Gen. McClellan, men were 
detailed to collect arms from the field, which were carried to 
the Richmond arsenal, and then as quickly as possible re- 
paired and reissued to the army. Subsequently, through the 
blockade runners, a large importation of excellent rifles was 
received and distributed. 

When the men detailed for this purpose were collecting the 
thousands of Enfield rifles left by the Federals on the battle- 
fields around Richmond, I remember seeing a few steel breast- 
plates that had been worn by the Federal soldiers who were 
killed ill battle. They were solid steel in two parts, shaped to 
fit the chest, and were worn under the coat. These were 
brought as curiosities to the arsenal, and had been pierced by 
bullets. I remember this as a fact of my own knowledge. 
Some years ago the charge that some of the Federal soldiers 
wore breastplates was denied and decried as a gross slander, 
and in reply thereto I published in the Nation the statement 
here made. These no doubt represented a few sporadic cases, 
worn without the knowledge of others. The Confederate sol- 
diers had to rely for improved arms on captures on the battle- 
field and on importation, when the blockade could be avoided, 
having available no large armory. 

i he Tredegar Iron Works at Richmond, Va., was tlic chief 
manufactory of siege and field guns, all cast-iron and smooth 
liore. The large Colnmbiads were made there, also the 
howitzers, twelve-inch bronze Napoleons, etc. But tlie higldy 
valued banded Parrott three-inch rilics, with which the army 
was well supplied, were, as a rule, captured on the battlefield. 

As the war continued great difficulties were experienced in 
obtaining the needful ordnance supplies, and many devices 
were resorted to. After the battles about Chattanooga, Tenn., 
when the Confederacy lost possession of the copper mines, no 
more bronze Napoleons could be made ; but instead thereof a 
light cast-iron twelve-pounder, well banded after the manner 
of the Parrott guns, was made, and found to be equally as 
effective as the Napoleon. 

At the beginning of the war it must be remembered that 
the Confederacy had no improved arms, no powder mills, no 
arsenals, no armnrie?. no cap machines, and no improved can- 

Qopfederate l/eteraij. 


non. All supplies, at first, were obtained by importation, 
though the blockade subsecjuently cut off this foreign supply. 
All arms were percussion cap muzzle loaders. In the begin- 
ning the old flint-lock smooth-bore muskets were changed to 
percussion cap lock and issued to the troops. 

To keep a supply of percussion caps was a difficult and very 
serious problem, as the demand for caps was about twice as 
great as it was for cartridges. 

The machines made after the United States pattern did not 
yield a large tupply. and simpler and much more efficient ma- 
chines for making, tilting, pressing, and varnishing caps were 
invented and made by Southern mechanics. 

Aher the Federals obtained possession of the copper mines 
of Tennessee, great anxiety was excited as to the future store 
of copper from which to manufacture percussion caps. 

The casting of bronze field guns was immediately suspended, 
and all available coper was carefully hoarded for the manu- 
facture of caps. It soon became apparent that the supply would 
be exhausted and the armies rendered useless unless other 
sources of supply could be obtained. No reliance could be 
placed on the supply from abroad, though large orders were 
forwarded, so stringent was the blockade. Of course the 
knowledge of this scarcity of copper was not made public. In 
this emergency it was concluded to render available, if possi- 
lilo, some of the copper turpentine and apple brandy stills 
whicli still existed in North Carolina in large numbers. 

Secretly, with the approval of the chief of ordnance, an offi- 
cer was dispatched, with the necessary authority to purchase 
or impress all copper stills found available, and ship the same, 
cut into strips, to the Richmond arsenal. By extraordinary 
energy he was enabled to forward the amount necessary for 
our use. The strips of copper of these old stills were rcrollcd 
and handed over to the cap manufacturer. And thus were all 
the caps issued from the arsenal and used by the armies of 
the Confederate States during the last twelve months of the 
war manufactured from the copper stills of North Carolina. 

After the completion of the cap machines, which were an 
improvement on the old United States machine, eight hands 
only, two being men, the others hoys and girls, frequently 
manufactured from the strip copper over three hundred thou 
band caps within eight hours, stain])ing, filling, preparing, and 
varnishing them. 'I'hcse cap machines thus had a capacity of 
producing a million a day. These caps made at the arsenal 
were frequently tested, and pronounced to be superior in re- 
sisting effects of moisture and in general efficiency. 

For the completion of these machines, the Confederate gov- 
ernment awarded the inventor, an employee of the arsenal, 
llie sum of one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars, be- 
ing then equal to two thousand in gold. 

To manufacture llie fulminate of mercury, we needed nitric 
acid and mercury. A quantity of mercury was obtained early 
in the war from Mexico. To make nitric acid, we required 
niter and sulphuric acid. The sulphuric acid we manufactured 
in North Carolina, after many failures and difficulties, espe- 
cially in obtaining the lead to line the chambers. Niter was 
made by the Niter and Mining Bereau, especially organized 
for that purpose. Everywhere about the environs of Rich- 
mond could be seen large earthen ricks and heaps which con- 
tained dead horses and other animals, designed for use in the 
manufacture of niter. The available earth from caves was 
also made to yield its quota of niter. With this sulphuric acid 
and niter, on the banks of the James River, we manufactured 
tlie nitric acid required in the manufacture of fulminate. 

Near the close of the war the supply of mercury became ex- 
hausted. Here was a most serious difficulty. We had not, and 
could not obtain, the mercury, an essential material with which 

to manufacture fulminate of mercury ; and without caps the 
army could not fight, and must be disbanded. This was an 
extremely serious situation, as no mercury could be obtained 
in the limits of the Confederacy. We began to experiment on 
substitutes, and fortunately found in Richmond two substances, 
chlorate of potash and sulphuret of antimony, which, when 
properly combined, answered the purpose satisfactorily. And 
the battles around Petersburg during the last few months of 
ilie war were fought with caps filled with this novel substitute. 
Our lead was obtained chiefly, and in the last years of the 
war entirely, from the lead mined near Wythcville, Va. The 
mines were worked night and day, and the lead converted into 
bullets as fast as received. The old regulation shrapnel shells 
were filled with leaden balls and sulphur. The Confederacy 
had neither lead nor sulphur to spare, and used instead small 
iron balls and filled with asphalt. 

We had no private manufactories established which could 
furnish the appliances needed, and frequently everything had 
to be done from the very beginning by the ordnance depart- 
ment and the army in the field. For instance, to run the 
forges to make the irons for the artillery carriages we needed 
charcoal. To obtain this I purchased the timber of a number 
of acres of woodland on the south side of the James River, 
and secured a detail of men to burn the charcoal for the use 
of our forge department. 

During the winter men from Gen. Lee's army cut and shipped 
10 Richmond the timber with which artillery carriages were 
made on' which to mount the guns to fight the battles in 
the spring. Men appointed for that purpose followed the 
army and collected the hides of the slaughtered animals, which 
were used to cover the saddletrees made of timber, cut by 
temporary details of men from the army in the field. 

As the war continued efforts were made to build permanent 
and well-appointed arsenals, as at Macon and Augusta, Ga. 
The large arsenal at Augusta, under the management of Col. 
Rains, was especially devoted to the manufacture of powder. 
Toward the close of the war it was making an abundant sup- 
ply of very superior character, equal, and in some respects 
superior, to that imported from foreign countries. 

Under the demands of necessity in many instances, cotton 
converted into rubber cloth was used in the manufacture of 
infantry accoutermcnt.^, and was found especially useful in 
making belts for machinery. 

Models of inventions were frequently sent to the arsenal, of 
which large numbers were valueless, and those good in theory 
could not be tried for want of skilled machinists and ordnance 

I remember on one occasion, the last year of the war, that 
a large number of Spencer lirecch-loading rifles, the result of 
a capture, were turned over to the arsenal, and, though greatly 
desired by the troops, could not be reissued for want of am- 
nnmition. In the effort to make the cartridges for the Spencer 
rifles, in the first place, tools had to be devised with which 
to make the tools used for making the cartridges. Hence the 
surrender of Richmond came before the cartridges were made. 
A plan was proposed at the arsenal to increase the accuracy 
and range, and thus render a\ailable and more efficient the 
smooth-bore muskets in possession of the Confederacy. The 
plan proposed was theoretically correct, and is worth mention- 
ing, inasmuch as very late in the war the identical plan was 
sent to President Davis from Canada as a scientific gift of 
great value. This was sent by him to the War Department, 
and hence found its way to the arsenal, where the drawings 
were regarded with interest, since they correspond exactly 
with those made at the arsenal years previously. The idea was 
to fire an elongated compound projectile made of lead and 


Qoijfederate l/eterap. 

hard wood, or papier-mache. In the diagram the heavy lines 
represent a section of the leaden arrow bullet, with center of 
gravity well forward; the dotted lines represent the hollow- 
sabot of wood, or hard papier-mache. On firing, the lighter 
material, moving first, would press outward the arrow head, 
and thus destroy windage, and the flight of the trajectory 
would be as an arrow, without rotating on the shorter axis, 
inasmuch as the center of inertia of the projectile would be 
in advance of the center of resistance of the air. At least that 
was the theory of the compound projectile devised for the 
old smooth-bore musket. 

An attempt was made to use on the field a round concussion 
shell from the howitzers as mortars. In this concussion shell 
a friction primer properly wrapped acted as a fuse, its head 
terminated in a bullet, which rested on the shoulder of the 
brass fuse that screwed into the shell, leaving an unfilled hol- 
low space about the bullet. When the round shell struck any 
point, except that exactly in rear of the prolongation of the 
wire, put in the axis of the bore by using a sabot, the momen- 
tum of the bullet would draw the friction primer and explode 
the shell, regardless of the point on which a round shell 
struck. A gun carriage was made for howitzers with a round 
shell trail, as thus they could be used as mortars, and fired at 
a high angle. 

These were rather experiments than instances of success, 
and are only mentioned now to show that the ordnance officers 
did something more than simply attempt to imitate the Fed- 
erals. They were prevented from accomplishing what they 
planned by reason of the want of machinery to do the neces- 
sary work. 

During the siege around Petersburg it was discovered that 
the shells used for the large Parrolt guns were very defective— 
that is, had but very short range. The shells would start off 
and fly well and straight, revolving on the longer axis during 
the first half of the trajectory, and then suddenly whirl on the 
shorter axis and drop almost vertically. One can tell by the 
ear the instant the axis of revolution changes, if one gun is 
fired. The action of the shell being observed, the cause was 
obvious, and a remedy suggested itself. The center of the 
resistance of the air at the summit of the trajectory was in 
advance of the center of inertia, and produced a couple that 
caused the rotation on the shorter axis. The obvious remedy 
was to make the front of the shell hemispherical instead of 
conoidal, and diminish its length, and thus put the center of 
gravity forward of the center of resistance. With this change 
made, the maximum range was attained and the complaints of 
the artillerist ceased. 

When we consider the absence of manufactories and ma- 
chinery and of skilled mechanics in the South at the beginning 
of the war, its successfully furnishing ordnance supplies for 
so large an army during the four eventful years is a striking 
evidence of the energy and resources and ability of its people. 

The success of the ordnance department was due to its able 
chief. Gen. J. Gorgas, and, in a measure, to the intelligence 
and devotion of its officers selected by the sifting process of 
special examinations. 

I must add this, that never was an order received from Gen. 
Lee's army for ammunition that it was not immediately sup- 
plied, even to the last order to send a train load of ammunition 
to Petersburg, after the order was received for the evacuation 
of Richmond. 

As continuous work was necessary to keep a supply of ammu- 
nition at times, serious difficulties threatened the arsenal not 
only from scarcity of supplies of material but also from de- 
preciation of our currency. 

Food supplies were very scarce in Richmond and became 
enormously high in Confederate currency, and during the very 
severe last winter of the war all the female operatives who filled 
cartridges with powder left the arsenal and struck for higher 
wages. These were trained operatives, and the demand for 
ammunition was too great to afford time to train others, even if 
they could have been secured. An increase in money wages 
would not relieve the difficulty. 

I remember once being, early in the morning, on the island 
in James River, with the ice and frost everywhere, surrounded 
by a number of tliinly clad, shivering women, and, mounting a 
flour barrel, I attempted to persuade them by appeals to their 
loyalty and patriotism to continue at tlieir work until better 
arrangements could be made. But patriotic appeals had no 
effect on shivering, starving women. 

Very fortunately, at this juncture a vessel with a cargo for 
the ordnance department ran the blockade at Wilmington, N. 
C, laden not with rifles and powder but with bacon and sirup, 
and articles for food and clothing, these being of extreme 
value. An ordnance store was immediately established, and 
food and clothing sold to the employees of the arsenal at one- 
fourth the market price. This fortunate cargo made all happy, 
and relieved the impending difficulty. 

I submit herewith a statement of the principal issues from 
the arsenal made up to January i, 1865. This can be relied 
on as accurate, having been copied from the official reports 
preserved at the arsenal, consolidating all issues. The report 
was prepared by my order, furnished the Richmond Enquirer, 
and published the day of the evacuation of Richmond. A copy 
was published in the Nczu Eclectic Magazine, April, 1869, from 
which this extract is taken ; 

"Statement of Principal Issues from the Arsenal. 

"Statement of principal issues from the Richmond Arsenal 
from July I, 1861, to January I, 1865. 

"Artillery Equipments, Etc, — Columbiads and siege guns, 
341; field pieces of all descriptions, 1,306; field gun carriages, 
1..375; caissons, 875; forges, 152; sets of artillery harness, 6,- 
852; rounds of field, siege, and seacoast ammunition, 921,441; 
friction primers, 1,456,190; fuses, 1,110,966; portfires, 17,423: 
rockets, 3,985. 

"Infantry and Cavalry Arms, Accuutcrmcnts, Etc. — Infantry 
arms, 323,231 ; cavalry arms, 34,067; pistols, 6,074; swords and 
sabers, 44,877 ; sets of infantry and cavalry accouterments, 
375,510; knapsacks, 188,181; haversacks, 478,498; canteens and 
straps, 328,977; gun and carbine slings, 115,087; small arm 
cartridges, 72,413,854; percussion caps, 146,901,250; cavalry 
saddles, 69,418; cavalry bridles, 85,139; cavalry halters, 75.611; 
saddle blankets, 35,464; pairs of spurs, 59,624; horse brushes, 
42,285 ; currycombs, 56,903." 

The enormous amount of "thirteen hundred fieldpieccs of 
all descriptions" classed among the issues does not signify 
lliat that number was manufactured at the arsenal, but that 
number includes all those obtained by manufacture, by pur- 
chase, or by capture, and afterwards issued therefrom. The 
writer in the Enquirer further says : "Assuming that the is- 
sues from the Riclmiond arsenal have been half of all the 
issues to the Confederate armies, which may be approximately 
true, and thai 100,000 of the enemy were killed, not regarding 
the wounded and those who died of disease, it will appear 
from the statement of issues that above one hundred and fifty 
pounds of lead and three hundred and fifty pounds of iron 
were fired for every man killed ; and if the proportion of killed 
and wounded be as one to six, it would further appear that 
one man was disabled for every two hundred rounds expended. 

Qopfederate l/eterai>. 


In former wars, with the old smooth-bore musket, it was gen- 
erally said, 'His weight in lead is required for every man 
who was killed;'" and from the issues of the arsenal it does 
not appear that the improved rifle requires a pound less. It 
will appear to one fond of statistics, who may reduce the 
moving force of the projectiles to horse power, that the force 
required to kill one man in battle will be represented by about 
one thousand horse power. 

Some general remarks in reference to the conclusion of the 
war and the destruction of the arsenal may not be out of 
place. There were a large number of Federal prisoners in and 
about the city. Libby prison was filled with officers, and Belle 
Isle with many privates. To release these was the object of 
cavalry raids against the city, when the main army was absent. 

All the operators of the arsenal and the Tredegar works and 
emi)loyees of the departments were organized in regiments, 
and were called to the field when a raid was expected. So 
they literally worked with their muskets at their sides, and so 
valuable were the lives of the skilled artisans that it was said: 
If three iron workers in the regiment of the arsenal were 
killed, the manufacture of cannon would stop. 

But the end was approaching. In the Confederate Senate I 
remember listening to an animated discussion in regard to en- 
listing negro troops in the army. It was urged by some of 
the Senators that we should enlist and arm fifty thousand 
ncsroes, of course with a pledge of freedom. 

1 knew we could not possibly arm five thousand. The ord- 
nance department was exhausted. One company of negroes 
was formed, and I witnessed the drill in the capitol square, 
but I understood that as soon as they got their uniforms they 
vanished in one night. 

As the spring of 1865 approached the officers often discussei! 
the situation. We knew that Lee's lines were stretchea lu 
breaking, we knew the exhausted condition of every depart- 
ment, and we knew the end was near. 

Sunday, April 2, was a bright, beautiful spring day, and 
RichnKind w.\? assembled at church. T was at St. Paul's 
Chinch. About four pews in front of nic sat President Davis, 
and in a pew behind him Ccn. Gorgas, chief of the ordnance 
department and my chief. During the service and before the 
sermon the sexton of the church, a well-known individual m 
the city, stepped lightly forward, and, touching Mr. Davis on 
the shoulder, whispered something to him. Mr. Davis imme- 
diately arose and walked out of the church with a calm ex- 
pression, yet causing some little excitement. In a moment 
the sexton came back and called out Gen. Gorgas. I confess that 
I was made extremely uneasy, and was reflecting on the prob- 
able cause when, being touched on the shoulder and looking 
around, the sexton whispered to me that a messenger from the 
War Department awaited me at the door. I instantly felt the 
end had come. I was ordered to report to the War De- 
partment, where I soon learned that Gen. Lee had telegraphed 
that his line was broken and could not be repaired, and that 
the city must be evacuated at twelve o'clock that night. I was 
ordered to remove the .stores of the arsenal, as far as could 
be done, to Lynchburg, and was informed that the President 
and chief oflicials would proceed to Danville, and the line be 
reestablished between Danville and Lynchburg. I immediate- 
ly had the canal boats of the city taken poi^scssion of, and be- 
gan to load them as rapidly as possible with machinery, tools, 
stores, etc., to be carried to Lynchburg. 

As a large supply of prepared ammunition could not be 
taken, I had a large force employed in destroying it by throw- 
ing it into the river. Supplies of value to families were given 
away to who applied. By midnight the boats laden with 

stores were placed under charge of officers and started for 
their destination, which they never reached. What became of 
them, I never knew. 

About two o'clock in the morning Gen. Gorgas, the Chief 
of Ordnance, came to the arsenal to tell me that he was about 
to leave with the President for Danville, and to report to him 
there. I never reported to him till fifteen years later, when 
I met him at Sewanee, Tenn., the Vice Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of the .South. 

Every possible eflfort was made to prevent the destruction of 
the arsenal. I, as commanding officer, visited every building 
between three and four o'clock in the morning of the 3d of 
April, had the gas extinguished and the guards instructed to 
shoot any man who attempted to fire the buildings. One hour 
afterwards (I was then four miles from the city) the rapid 
and terrible explosion of the shells heard in the distance 
proved that that part of the city occupied by the arsenal was 
being made desolate by the torch applied by the frantic mob. 
Shortly after the President left the city, the gunboats were 
blown up. After witnessing the explosion from the arsenal, 
I sent for the keeper of the magazine, and, satisfying myself 
that life would not be endangered by its destruction, wrote an 
order for him to explode the magazine a! five in the morning, 
the last order of the Ordnance Department, and among the 
last orders of the Confederate government, given in the city 
of Richmond. 

As I rode out of the city in the early dawn, I saw a dense 
cloud of smoke suddenly ascend, with a deafening report that 
shook the city to its center. Thus ended the surrender of the 
city of Richmond. The mob immediately took possession, 
looted the stores, and fired the city. A largo part of beautiful 
Richmond was burned to the ground. 

The Fedcr,-!.! troops marched into the burning city in splen- 
did order, took possession, dispersed the mob, and saved, by 
their energy and discipline, the city from total destruction. 



I have before me an article written by a comrade of Com- 
pany B, Fourth Georgia Regiment, as fine a body of men as 
ever marched to battle; but I must diflfer with him as to Gen. 
Early's "Combination of Blunders," as he terms Early's Val- 
ley campaign. Ke makes a bold charge of blunders, but 
names none, intimating only that Early should have contin- 
ued the advance. He also says that he "saw Gens. Early, 
(jordon, and others trying to rally the troops," and that "the 
whole line gave way at the same time." Now, pardon me, 
comrade, but you are in error. Early rode up to the rear of 
our brigade, Pegram's, and I was near him while the battle 
was in progress on our left. We stood fast, and I saw brigade 
after brigade break ; but we moved back only when ordered 
to do so by Gen. Early himself, and our alignment was per- 
fect till we got back to Cedar Creek Bridge. On crossing we 
were broken, but Gen. Pegram rallied part of the brigade a 
half mile from the bridge and received a cavalry charge, and 
on the edge of Middletown he stopped the artillery and opened 
on the enemy. I am positive that the North Carolina Brigade 
east of the pike fell back in good order, and their alignment 
was commented upon at the time. 

Sheridan had 35,900 troops, while Early's reported 10,000 
was, in fact, not over 8,000. Custer was on one flank with 
5,000 cavalry and Merrell on the other with over 4,000. We 
drove the enemy from Cedar Creek to Middletown, over three 
miles, and at 4 p.m. Early did not have 5,000 men in line. 


C^or^federate l/eterap, 

Most of the absentees had left their colors to pillage the cap- 
tured wagons— excusable to some extent, as they needed 
clothing and felt that Sheridan would keep on to the Potomac 
River. "Every sensible man saw the end," he writes. I 
confess that the regiment I had the honor to belong to did 
not see it in that light, but believed so firmly in the justice 
of our cause that they never lost hope. Early's campaign in 
the Valley shows marked ability, and the day will come when 
justice will be done the old hero. Gen. Lee never lost faith 
in him, and when relieved of command so wrote him. If he 
had had 25,000 troops, Sheridan would never have been known 
in poetry or prose. He killed, wounded, and captured more 
of Sheridan's troops that he had in his army. They admit 
.pver 16,000 loss. 

Comrade J. A. Templeton, of Jacksonville, Tex., who was a 
member of Company G, Tenth Texas Cavalry Dismounted, 
sends some old letters written to his parents in the winter of 
1863. They are in the original envelopes, each bearing two 
tive-cent Confederate postage stamps : 

"Cami- Near Shelbvvii.le, Redford County, Tenn., 

January 9, 1863. 
•■Dear Father and Mother: As it has been some lime since I 
wrote you, this may surprise you, but I have had no chance 
before. I ain now with Capt. Good's old battery, commanded 
by Capt Douglas, as a detail. I would not change for any- 
thing, as artillery service is nuicli easier than infantry or 

"I suppose you have heard of the battle of Murfreesboro, 
fought on the 30th and 31st of December. The first day we 
went within two miles of the town, but did not drive the 
enemy back scarcely any. Our brigade was not engaged, 
though they were shelled a good deal by the enemy. The 
battery was placed back in the reserve, and did nothing the 
iirst day, but about eight o'clock on the 31st we were ordered 
out, and were soon against a brigade of live Yankees. I 
thought w^e were going to be charged, as they were in less 
than one hundred yards of us, advancing and not a gun un- 
limbered. As soon as we got our guns ready they took to 
tlieir heels, but our canister shot overtook a good many of 
them. We drove them away from a splendid battery of six 
or eight guns, which our brigade captured, but they got on 
our flank and recovered it. We were tlicn placed on the 
extreme left wing. In the meantime our brigade was pur- 
suing tile enemy, together with Gens. Rains's and McNair's 
brigades. Our division came on them while they were pre- 
Ijaring breakfast. The coffeepots and frying pans were on 
the fireri steaming as we went through their camp. Our pris- 
oners said that the First Ohio never ran before that morning. 
. . Gen. Rains was killed on the second day. He was a 
Tennesseean, and lived at Nashville. He died fighting to- 
ward his home, like many other Tennesseeans who fell tliat 
day. Adjt. Jarvis and Lieut. Col. Craig were wounded slight- 
ly. Our men charged a cedwr brake and failed, because the 
enemy had masked a battery." 
Another letter from Shelbyville, April 22, 1863, states: 
"I again write you a few lines. I have given up all hope 
of ever receiving another letter froin home. The mails being 
so uncertain is all that keeps me from accusing you of never 
writing to me. ... I have no news that you have not 
heard. An important move must be in hand from present ap- 
pearances of things. We are ordered to send all our baggage 
to the rear, retaining only one tent fly to every sixteen men. 

I look for another Kentucky trip or some long march. Polk's 
Corps is camped in the vicinity of She'byville. There are 
three divisions in the corps — viz.. Withers', Cheatham's, and 
McCown's — and generally from three to five brigades in each 
division. Brig. Gen. A. P. Stewart is at present our division 
commander. McCown has not been in connnand in some 
time. Gen. Bragg received and inspected Polk's Corps a week 
or two ago. li there is any one in S. J. Johnson's company 
that would rather be in this, he can get a swap. That is the 
only way to get a transfer this side of the river. 1 have heard 
different reports as to whom Johnson's company is serving. 
One says that it has been sent to the borders of Texas to 
guard wagon trains. If this is true, I should like very much 
to be with them, and, anyway, to get a transfer to that com- 
pany would suit inc. 

"We are doing very well here now. We moved camp yes- 
terday, and have the prettiest camp I ever saw. It has been 
a woods lot (before the fences around it were destroyed) 
with large beech, ash, and elm trees that afford good shade. 
I am afraid that some night when we get sound asleep orders 
will come for us to get up and cook rations and be ready to 
march by daylight. This occurs when we get into some 
pleasant camp and begin to be comfortably situated. This 
time last year we had arrived at Memphis, so it has been one 
year since we crossed the Mississippi River. I was in hopes 
that peace would be restored to our country by this time, but 
can't see that it is any nearer at hand. I hope to 'tell the tale' 
if the war lasts twenty years." 


The Nezu York Sun published, sometime since, a statement 
represented to emanate from "a professor in one of the lead- 
ing universities of the South." The newspaper ought to have 
accei)ted this as ridicule : 

"It is little wonder that the sectional lines disappeared so 
slowly when one remembers some of the instructions given 
in tlic backwoods schoolhouscs the first year after the war. 

"In one of the border States such instructions as these were 
given by the teacher, orally, for there were no sclioolbooks for 
quite a while after the war : 

"'Who was the first President?' If the pupil answered 
'George Washington,' the teacher replied rather sadly : 'Yes, 
he was the first President at the time you speak of, but the 
Iirst President of the South was Jefferson Davis.' 

"Then he would ask, 'Who was the greatest soldier in the 
world?' and he would answer himself: 'Gen. Lee.' ■ 

"When the class in geography was called, and the question 
was asked: 'Name the greatest cities in the country,' the class 
was instructed to say: 'New Orleans, Richmond, and Charles- 
ton.' The longest river in the United States was given as 
the 'Lower Mississippi,' and the class was further instructed 
that the capital of the country was Richmond. 'The greatest 
piuducts of the country were cotton and sugar, and New Or- 
leans molasses came next. 

'In all these instructions there was never any reference to 
the North. No harsh words were spoken of Lincoln, Grant, 
Sherman, or of any of the great events in which they partici- 
pated. 'They were simply ignored." 

The last paragraph is about the only truth in the sketch. 
'The comment, for instance, on the first President is ridiculous. 
'The South has always been proud of Washington, and the 
"first" as applied to Mr. Davis is minimized by our own 
people, who fondly refer to him as the only President of the 
Confederate States. 

C^opfederati^ l/ecerai). 

V. Y. COOK, 



Mr. W. F. Pearson, who was a cadet at the Alabama Univer- 
sity at Tuscaloosa, writes a history of the cadets in rebuttal to 
the stories about the Katydids, of which humorous accounts 
have been given. These accounts did not emanate from a de- 
sire to reflect upon the students in the Alabama University, yet 
they gave offense, and Comrade Pearson throws bright light 
upon that branch of the Confederate service of which South- 
<'rners may well be proud. The Veter.nn assures this comrade 
;iud all others who were there, and their parents, that no desire 
wen was had to belittle the lads and young gentlemen of the 
battalion or lo deprive tlicni of any merited credit. The Louis 
Moore referred to is evidently a misprint. In his letter from 
Poarch. Okla., Comrade Pearson writes at length : 

"An account of 'The Capture of the Katydids,' which ap- 
peared in the Confeder.vte \'eteran for June, 1903, would be 
i-.nnoticed except to be laughed at but for the injustice it does 
10 the Alabama Corps of Cadets, volunteers in the Confederate 
army, who did their duty as soldiers and arc entitled to con- 
sideration as Confederate veterans. Evidently the story was 
written by one unacquainted with the city of Tuscaloosa and 
ignorant of the circumstances attending its capture, hence the 
■:onclusion that it was constructed upon humorous 'war inci- 
dents.' Louis Moore, the boy hero of the story, was never a 
cadet in Tuscaloosa. The story is false in every particular, as 
can be proven by the university register and by the living mem- 
bers of the Alabama Corps of Cadets. As that was the most 
txciting and happiest period of my life, I have a distinct recol- 
lection I if (he details. 

"Gen. J. T. Murlee, President of the Marion Military Insti- 
tute, was commandant of the corps of cadets ; Prof. W. S. 
Wyman, President of the University of -\labama, and Prof. 
E. A. Smith, Stale Geologist of Alabama, were professors in 
the university. They and many others know all the facts, and 
by them it can be proved that 'Louis Moore,' as a cadet or as a 
defender of Tuscaloosa at any time, was and is unknown. In 
Tuscaloosa, during the war, there were no httle-boy cadets, 
nor an academy for cadets, and there was no campus except 
that at the university. The Federals did not make a charge on 
cadets in Tuscaloosa at any time. The only cadets there dur- 
ing the war were the Alabama Corps of Cadets, and they wore 
neat home-spun jeans Confederate uniforms with a white 
collar, subject to daily inspection, turned over the jacket collar. 
Among these cadets there was not in 1864 or 1865 a 'coatee,' 
a spiked-tail jacket covered with brass buttons, nor any kind 
of uniform that would have suggested to soldiers the name 
'Katydid,' an epithet not coined for cadets until after that time. 

"One day near the end of March, when the Yankees were 
looked for, the Alabama Corps of Cadets were posted before 
the bridge near a wall of loose brick that had been built by 
the citizens. Parties of cadets may have obtained permission 
• n that day to cross the bridge and visit the camp of Forrest's 
command, in which they had many friends ; but it surpasses 
the belief of those who were acquainted with Confederate boys 
in uniform, and knew the spirit of fun and mirth with banter 
that prevailed in the South, that any of these cadets became 
offended or indignant at any soldier's jeer or joke. Before 
leaving home the cadets had learned all about these jokes and 
'?ells,' pnd they knew exactly what to say in reply to the cavalry. 
If any cadet took offense, the fact was never reported to the 
corps, among whom this visiting party of cadets mingled for 
hours. The truth is that a most friendly feeling existed be- 
tween Forrest's men and the cadets. During the previous win- 

ter about forty cadets had jomed that conimand. and as cav- 
alrymen they continued to wear their cadet uniforms. 

"The facts on which the story depends — viz.. the charge by 
magnanimous Federals who refused to harm the fighting boys, 
the heroic defense, the capture of the little boys, and Louis 
Moore's complaining speech, are all false in every particular, 
because nothing of the kind ever happened and no such boys 
were in existence. 

".•\ fight occurred in Tuscaloosa a half mile fr.nn the bridge, 
in which a captain and two cadets were badly wounded ; but 
no cadet then, nor at any other time, was captured by the Fed- 
erals. That Gen. Croxton despised the cadets until he met 
them is probable; that he gave orders to capture and spank 
Init not kill them is possible. But no such orders were carried 
init. No cadet was captured. The 'spanking' of an enemy is 
a joke more ancient than the almanac. Two thousand years 
pgo it was repeated by Scrtorius when he saw Metcllus coming 
to relieve young Poinpey in defeat. In his most popular opera 
a celebrated wit and song writer says : 

■Quixotic is his enterprise, and hoiieless his adventure is, 
Who seeks for jocularities that haven't yet been said. 

The world has joked incessantly for over fifty centuries. 
And all the jokes that's possible have long ago been made.' 

"Judge Young .s.ays that 'it was an essential fact of the story 
that a courier on horseback notified the cadets of the enemy's 
approach on .•Kpril 4,' Even if this be true, which is not a part 
of the story, to send that courier was a duty of Col. Hardcastle, 
who had refused to permit cadets to guard the bridge. That 
the guards of cavalry were derelict in their duty on the night 
of April S, when the bridge was taken, cannot be denied. 

"The description of Jackson's Division of Forrest's Cavalry, 
as given by the writer and approved by Judge Young, of Mem- 
phis—viz., 'They were men worn with months of fighting, 
fool-sore, poorly clad, and they were ill fed' — are expressions 
recognized as having been used numberless times in describing 
Stonewall Jackson s immortal soldiers; but they cannot appro- 
priately be applied to Forrest's Cavalry, especially in April, 
1S65. These cavalrymen at that time had done but little fight- 
ing for months; riding on horses, they certainly were not 'foot- 
sore ;' and they were allowed to feed themselves, and did feed, 
at Confederate supply depots under their care and protection. 
The cadet uniforms were cut by a skilled tailor; and they were 
neat, for we had not slept on the ground, except in Mobile, in 
a dirty cotton warehouse. The cadets also had shining guns, 
for it was a part of their duty to keep them bright. 

"The Alabama Corps of Cadets, numbering two hundred and 
eighty-five boys and young men whose ages, with two excep- 
tions, ranged from fifteen to eighteen years, were considered by 
the Confederate authorities as being immature and unable to 
undergo the hardships of a campaign under Lee. Hood, or 
Forrest, and for this reason they were stationed in Tuscaloosa 
and quartered in the unversity buildings, where they pursued 
the university course of studies and performed such military 
duties as are required of regular soldiers in barracks. The 
corps of cadets, divided into three companies, was formed into 
a battalion and commanded by Col. J. T. Murfee, a distin- 
guished graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, who. on 
account of his unusual attainments, had been detailed from the 
Confederate army, in which he was a lieutenant colonel, to drill 
the battalion and to instruct the advanced students in the 
science of military engineering, tactics, and the art of war. 
His fitness for this responsible trust was demonstrated by 
the discipline he maintained over the cadets and their perfec- 
tion in all the evolutions of the drill and manual of arms. 


Qo^federati^ l/eterarj, 

"When the Confederate amiies were greatly increased by vol- 
unters in 1862 and 1863, every available cadet was sent to re- 
cruiting stations as drillmasters, and they proved themselves 
competent officers. My eldest brother, at that time a cadet, 
wrote home that on being called out of ranks to drill the com- 
pany he was unable to speak a word of command and the 
failure filled him with grief and disappointment. Father wrote 
immediately, advising him to ask for another trial. Having 
passed the second ordeal satisfactorily, he was sent to the 
Thirtieth Alabama, under Col. Charles M. Shelly, at Talladega. 

"The cadets sent out for this purpose went to the front later 
as privates in their respective regiments. Indeed, from this 
time on cadets frequently left the university to join one of the 
main armies of the Confederacy. In the winter preceding the 
close of the war about forty left, and in their neat and trim 
uniforms, which were becoming to soldiers, joined Forrest's 
command. Months afterwards several of them called to see 
their friends at the university. Hence the improbability of 
cadets, because of their neat uniforms, being derided by For- 
rest's men, whose uniforms were of the same material. Cav- 
alrymen who camped in the university grove often witnessed 
our battalion drill and dress parade, and some of them re- 
marked that we were better drilled than any troops they had 
seen in the army. Having been enlisted in the Confederate 
army as volunteers, the cadets were subject at all times to a 
call from the government, and at different times were ordered 
into actual service: in August, 1864, to meet and repel Gen. 
Gen. Rousseau's raiders, who were making a demonstration 
toward Montgomery, the capital of the State. In a sharp 
fight near Notasulga, Ala., the corps of cadets and a few other 
Confederate troops defeated this detachment of cavalry and 
drove them back toward West Point, Ga. In the following 
December the battalion was sent to Gen. Maury at Mobile, 
where a land attack was constantly expected, and we remained 
there until that danger had passed. In that city we had the 
distinguished honor of being selected as the escort of Admiral 
Semmes, the most renowned Confederate naval commander, 
from the railroad station to his home. He had arrived by a 
long, circuitous journey from England, where he had been re- 
ceived and entertained by the nobleman who rescued him from 
drowning when the Alabama was sunk in a famous naval duel 
off Cherbourg, France, with the United States steamer Kear- 

"During the two first days of 1865 the cadets, somewhat de- 
moralized, were returned to Tuscaloosa. 

"One bright day in March we were sent to breastworks six 
miles beyond Northport to fight Yankees who were reported 
to be coming. Returning to the university, we remained there 
until that dark night when the Federals crossed the bridge 
and went into Tuscaloosa without being fired upon. 

"As the facts and circumstances of this exploit by the Fed- 
erals and of the fight by the cadets and their retreat have been 
misrepresented and ought to be ventilated, I shall give the par- 
ticulars of these occurrences as I learned them by observa- 
tion, from reports current at that time, and lately from Prof. 
W. S. Wynian, who was a prisoner. 

"The Capture of Tuscaloosa. 

"By a rapid march a Federal cavalry brigade fifteen hundred 
strong arrived at Northport a few hours after dark on April 5, 
and, finding no guard at the bridge, crossed into Tuscaloosa and 
took from a livery stable the two field pieces of artillery which 
had been removed from the university by order of Col. Hard- 
castle and against the protests of Col. Garland and Col. Murfee. 

Col. Hardcastle also refused the request for a guard of cadets 
to be posted at the bridge, but intrusted that duty to men who 
abandoned this important post because the night was very dark 
and our cavalry scouts had reported after sunset that no Yan- 
kees were within sixty miles. 

"Whether or not a courier was sent by Col. Hardcastle to 
notify the cadets, the Yankees were already in town before the 
alarm was given. But the cadets, accustomed to guard duty, 
were easily aroused. Even while the long roll continued its 
ominous sound, the ranks were being formed, and Company A. 
with a dozen men only, hurried off, leaving the belated to run 
faster and overtake their command. The companies came to- 
gether at the university grove, and skirmishers were deployed. 
Marching more slowly in column after we reached Main Street, 
the battalion halted on the brow of the hill overlooking the 
valley betwen the town and the bridge, and a line of battle was 
formed. In a few moments the companies began to fire by file 
at the indistinct enemy, and with such regularity, rapidity, and 
precision that the Federals retired. From prisoners captured 
by our skirmishers Col. Murfee learned that we were con- 
fronted by a Federal brigade under Gen. Croxton, who had 
orders to surprise the city and capture the cadets; but our 
sudden arrival and regulated movements caused him to suspect 
that pretended friends had led him into a trap set by Gen.- 
Forrest, and in consequence he retreated down the hill to wait 
till daylight. After our wounded had been cared for, we were 
ordered to retire to the university. 

"On our side Capt. Murfee's ankle was shattered, Cadet 
King's leg was broken, and Cadet Siler was shot through the 
chest, but not a cadet was captured. 

" 'In this action six Federals were killed and several wound- 
ed. The killed were buried at Tuscaloosa in the old cemetery, 
and were afterwards removed to a national cemetery, probably 
to that near Chattanooga.' (Prof. W. S. Wyman.) 

"When the battalion retreated to the university, Col. Murfee 
explained that the force opposed to the cadets comprised fifteen 
hundred Federal cavalry, armed with repeating rifles. He or- 
dered the battalion to re-form in the public road at the south- 
east corner of the campus, and gave us permission to get from 
our quarters such clothing as we actually needed. Within 
twenty miinilcs the battalion, in a column of fours, with a lan- 
tern in front, again began to retreat, and marched seven miles 
east to Hurricane Creek, which we reached at daylight. On 
a high hill beyond the creek we stood under arms all day, ex- 
pecting every hour to see the Federal advance. At sunset we 
recro.sscd the bridge, and, after marching fourteen miles south, 
halted for the night. 'God bless the man that invented sleep I' 
Our first meal on this retreat was at a very large spring, which 
we readied the next morning after marching three hours. A 
continuous march of several days, during which the cadets 
were in high spirits, brought us to Marion, a depot of Confed- 
erate supplies, and we fared there better than we had at the 
university. We learned here that the university buildings, ex- 
cept tlie observatory, had been burned. A week later the Fed- 
erals, hearing of Forrest's approach, left Tuscaloosa, burning 
the bridge after recrossing it. 

"Finally we were informed of Lee's surrender and given an 
indefinite leave of absence, with permission to keep the Spring- 
field rifles which Gen. Maury, commanding the army at Mobile, 
had issued to us in exchange for the short bronze Mississippi 
rifles with which we were at first armed. His reason was that 
'the cadets were perfect in drill, and deserved splendid guns 
to fight with.' " 

Qoijfederate Ueterap 




[By a mishap part of this account was omitted last month, 
and it is now completed. — En.] 

In the article by Gen, W. L. Cabell on Confederate battle 
flags, as it appeared in the August Veteran, mention is made 
of a few of the patriotic deeds of our noble women. The wom- 
en of our Southern Confederacy were the grandest, bravest, 
and purest women that ever blessed this earth. It made us 
ragged soldier boys happy to take off our hats to them along 
the roadside and to receive a smile and a nod of recognition. 
God grant that our Southern daughters may come up to 
their standard in all that is pure and true and brave, and 
always love and teach the righteous principles for which 
they suffered and did so much! 

Gen. Cabell says in regard to a certain flag : "My wife, who 
was in Richmond, made a beautiful flag out of her own silk 
dresses and sent it to a cousin of hers who commanded an 
Arkansas regiment. This flag was lost at Elk Horn, but was 
recaptured by a Missouri Division under Gen. Henry Little.'' 
That event induces me to tell what I know of the Elk Horn 
fight, and about a beautiful flag that fell into the hands of 
Capt. William Wade's First Missouri Battery, of which I 
was a member, on our retreat. 

The Northern Army commanded by Gen. Curtis was en- 
camped at Elk Horn Tavern, in Benton County, Ark, near Sug- 
ar Creek, except one division under Gen. Sigel at Bentonville, 
a few miles to the north. Gen. Van Dorn divided his army, 
sending Gen. Price with his Missouri troops to attack the ene- 
my on the north and Gen. McCulloch on the southwest, which 
cut off all chances for the enemy to retreat. Price aimed to 
crush Sigel at Bentonville; but that wily general got a chance 
to run, and he was never known to be caught on a retreat. 
His rear guard cut down trees and blocked the road in many 
places ; and, as there was no way to go around, we had to get 
axes and cut them out of our way. We kept up this slow pur- 
suit all night, coming up with the enemy near Elk Horn about 
daylight. The country is rough and mountainous, and the 
road we were traveling had steep clifted sides, and in leaving 
it our men had to climl) very high bluffs in order to form line 
of battle. 

The enemy was ready for us and saluted with a hiavy ar- 
tillery fire. My battery was ordered to climb a certain rocky 
hill, take position, open fire, and silence a battery that was do- 
ing our men considerable damage. We expected to have great 
trouble in getting up that steep hill, as we had several very 
balky teams, but to our surprise and joy they went up in a 
gallop, leaving the cannoneers way behind. We learned, and 
saw it demonstrated many times afterwards, that a balky team 
never balks under fire. When on top of the hill the battery we 
were sent to engage paid its unwelcome respects to us, and we 
had to go into action under a heavy five. We were soon ready, 
and opened fire with our si.x guns. In twenty minutes the 
enemy withdraw, leaving one gun behind. Gen. Henry Little, 
commanding the First Missouri Brigade, now advanced and 
engaged the enemy on our right. The roar of small arms was 
fearful. We contiriued to throw shells into their line of battle, 
and our brave, talented captain sat his beautiful iron-gray 
horse and was happy. They stood their ground well about 
lialf an hour, then retreated. Our men raised a yell and fol- 
lowed them for some distance. Things were quiet now for 
quite a while. We could plainly hear the firing and the Rebel 
yell of McCuUoch's men in our frotit engaging the enemy on 
the opposite of us. They did not seem to bo more than two 

miles off. Every man in Price's little army heard the s.inie, and 
it did us all good to know that we had the enemy penned and 
there was no chance for them to get out unless they whipped 
Price, and the beginning they had made convinced us they 
could not do that. 

When the firing ceased, we noticed several piles of knapsacks 
at the foot of the hill. We brought up a few, and such fun 
as we had reading love letters ! Some of them were just over- 
powering, and the boys would hold their breath and act in other 
amusing ways while they were being read aloud. We did not 
know the girls, so there was no harm done. None of the blue 
clothing and but few other articles were appropriated. 

Firing soon commenced on our extreme left, and my battery 
was moved in that direction, finding our infantry hotly en- 
gaged in an unequal contest trying to drive the enemy out of 
the dense bushes on the opposite side of an old field. They had 
made one charge, but were driven back, and had taken shelter 
m a hollow in the middle of the field. Capt. Wade placed one 
battery in position immediately, ordered to load with canister 
and commence firing. We raked the bushes front, right, and 
left for several minutes under quite a sprinkle of Minie balls. 
Suddenly our infantry gave a yell and started on a double- 
quick for their concealed foe. A sheet of fire leaped from 
those bushes the whole length of the field and farther, and 
never let up. Our boys were again forced back, and took'shel- 
ter under the hill. In the meantime we had run our guns 
by hand some distance into the field, firing all the time. We 
were now very much exposed, but continued to send a per- 
fect hailstorm of canister mto the bushes. In a remarkably 
short time our men returned to the assault the third time, 
and, with a continuous yell and in the face of that terrible 
fire, went right into the brush, routed the enemy, and drove 
them nearly a mile beyond Elk Horn Tavern, which was 
Gen. Curtis's headquarters, capturing many wagons and com- 
missary stores. Our loss was heavy, but during my four 
years' service I never saw better fighting. They were Mis- 
souri troops, but I do not remember who commanded. My bat- 
tery followed in the pursuit at a double-quick. 

As I was following my gun I passed one of our infantry 
boys sitting on the ground holding the head of a dying North- 
ern soldier in his lap. He called to me and asked if I had 
any water in my canteen, as he wanted some for the man. I 
ran to him, knelt down, and gave the dying soldier a drink. 
He tried to thank me, but could only move his lips. He then 
raised his right hand, with a happy smile on his lips, and 
patted me on my cheek, seeming to sav, "God bless you !" He 
had a smooth face, was fine-looking and handsome. He was 
from Illinois, but I never learned his name. I shall never for- 
get that sweet face when he blessed me for that last drink 
of cold water. I hope to meet him in the bright beyond. 

I could not tarry, but went in a fast run to overtake my bat- 
tery. When I came up they had unlimbered and prepared 
for action. We soon opened fire, replying to a battery trained 
upon us, and continued firing until after dark. Things soon 
became quiet after we ceased, and the first day's battle was 
over. We had driven the enemy about two miles and held the 
field. We had not heard a gun nor a yell from McCulloch's 
men since nine or ten o'clock in the morning, but later in the 
night we learned that McCulloch and Mcintosh were killed 
early in the morning. The other officers were puzzled on 
the subject of rank, and could not decide who should take com- 

Elk Horn Tavern is situated on a beautiful plateau which in a high state of cultivation. There were several sutler 


Qoofederatc l/eteraij 

wagons in park near our battery, and we laid in a supply 
of candies, tobacco, canned fruit, and other useful articles. 
There was a large barn near by full of commissaries, and we 
secured plenty of sugar and coffee and other groceries. The 
tavern was full of the wounded of both armies. 

About sunrise my battery was ordered to advance and take 
position in the edge of a field and open fire on the enemy, who 
were in full view on a ridge in the field unpleasantly close. As 
we moved for our position we passed in the rear of our line 
of battle. The men were lying flat on the ground at the edge 
oi the field, well concealed in many places by small under- 
growth. The brave young Capt. Clark, with his Missouri bat- 
tery, was already in position, and was so gay and happy thai 
morning as we passed him going to our position. Every one 
who knew him loved him, and his battery boys idolized him. As 
we entered a strip of heavy timber the enemy opened fire on 
us from several batteries, and such a cyclone of falling timber 
and bursting shells I don't suppose was ever equaled during 
our great war. Our advance was stopped on account of fallen 
trees, and our horses were being killed every minute. We 
were ordered back, but how to get back required a kind of 
military tactics not learned at military schools. We finally 
obeyed the order in some way I cannot describe, after losing 
several men and thirteen horses. The gallant Clark's battery 
had the brunt of this terrible fire. He was slain, but his bat- 
tery could not be driven from its position. The enemy now 
made a dettrniincd advance along the whole line for the pur- 
pose of cutting through Price's little army of Missouri sol- 
diers and opening a way for retreat, but he was gallavtly met, 
driven back with heavy loss, and the second day's fight was 
over. Gen. Van Dorn, at this stage of action, ordered Price to 
retreat and join McCulloch's part of the army, which had not 
fired a shot for twenty-four hours from having no leader. 

This move astonished us all. We were not whipped. We 
had had everything our own way right from the start. They 
had played their last card and lost, and it seemed to us that a 
demand for surrender was in order. Every man, from Gen. 
Price down, was mad and grieved because they had to move 
away and leave the fruits of their glorious victory behind and 
have it said they were whipped. A Yankee colonel, whom we 
had captured with many of his men in their last charge, made 
free to say to all that Gen. Curtis had given orders for all 
of his wagons to be loaded with their Ijaggage and supplies 
and be ready to follow if he opened a way for them to retreat, 
and if he failed and had to surrender, the wagons must be 

In leaving the battlefield, my battery took a wrong road and 
was separated from the main body for two days without any 
protection, but the enemy made no pursuit and we were in no 
danger of capture. After traveling about six miles over a 
rough road, we entered a rocky hollow with steep cliffs on 
each side, which continued for about one mile, then suddenly 
emerged into an open space about three hundred yards wide 
with heavy timber on the opposite side, and near the timber 
was a regiment of infantry in line of battle facing us. When 
we came up, Capt. Wade was ordered (by the colonel, I sup- 
pose) to take position on the right of the regiment, which he 
did. They were a fine-looking set of men, dressed in Con- 
federate uniform, about six hundred strong, and they had the 
most beautiful flag I ever saw. It was the first time I had 
seen one of our new battle flags, and this one was made of the 
finest silk, with heavy golden silk fringe bordering, cord and 
tassels of the same, a nice staff, with golden spear on the top, 
and the name "Col. — Reeves's — Arkansas Regiment" in 

golden letters across its face. The colonel's initials and num- 
ber of regiment. I do not remember. Our battery was not in 
position more than five minutes before we hoard fiv? or six 
shots fired from small arms some distance up the rocky hol- 
low we had just traveled, and several stragglers appeared in 
the opening in that direction, two or three being mounted. 
One rider seemed to have entered the open space from a road 
farther to our right, as he was coming diagonally across the 
front of our battery on a direct line for the head of the regi- 
ment. He was riding a beautiful sorrel, with light mane and 
tail, and came at a rapid pace. When near our front I noticed 
that he was an officer dressed in full major general's uniform, 
cavalry lx)ots, black hat pinniJd up on one side with a white 
ostrich feather, gold cord and tassels, and a red silk sash 
around his waist. He was fine-looking, hut rather stout, and 
seemed very much excited. It was said by all that this was 
Gen. Albert Pike. When he got opposite the regimental colors 
he gave some command in a loud voice. I did not h?ar what 
he said, but was told he commanded the men to disjierse and 
take to the woods and save themselves, or they would be cap- 
tured in a few minutes. He then continued his flight, and the 
regiment melted away and disappeared in the woods in less 
than two minutes. Their beautiful flag was throw^n upon the 
ground and abandoned. Every member of my battery wit- 
nessed this afifair. We remained in battery a few minutes 
with our guns loaded ready for action; but as no enemy ap- 
peared, Capt. Wade ordered us to limber up, and we continued 
our retreat. In getting info the road again we pas.^cd near 
the abandoned flag and Frank Dye ran and picked it up, and 
with some help ripped it from the stafif. He then folded it up 
and placed it in his bosom, buttoning his coat over it, and 
brought it safely into camp. I do not remember what disposi- 
tion was made of it. There is a possibility that I may be mis- 
taken in the name stamped upon the flag. Perhaps this was 
the flag mentioned by Gen. Cabell as being lost at Elk Horn, 
and recaptured by Gen. Henry Little's Missouri troops. I have 
never blamed those men for obeying that uncalled-for order. 
They were new troops, and doubtless three-fourths of them 
gave their lives later on for their country. I should be glad 
to hear from any comrades who were present about this un- 
fortunate affair. 


J. .'\. Scarlwrough. of Mississippi, sends an account of some 
incidents in the service of a comrade : 

"On (he 28th of July, 1864, when the Confederates swept 
the Federal breastworks in front of Atlanta, Joe Cothern, a 
member of Company H, Seventh Mississippi Regiment, 
Sharp's Brigade, ran several hundred feet past the enemy's 
works and found a Federal artillery captain trying to get a 
cannon in position. Everything was in confusion, and with 
drawn sword the excited captain was trying in vain to rally 
his men and place his battery. By this time Confederates and 
Federals were getting considerably mixed. The captain 
dashed at Cothern and demanded his surrender. Cothern 
fired at him and inflicted a serious wound in the shoulder. 
The captain fell from his horse and screamed: 'I surrender!' 
When the drivers saw their captain fall they abandoned their 
horses and took to their heels. Cothern then assisted the 
wounded caplaiii on to the caisson, placed a brush in his hands, 
rind ordered him to stimulate the hindmost span of horses 
while he mounted the lead horse, and dashed away with a 
fme twelve-pound cannon drawn by three spans of fine horses, 
with a Yankee captain sitting on the caisson and whipping the 

C^opfederate l/eteraij. 


horses for all they were worth. The Federals had rallied by 
this and were pouring volley after volley into the Confederate 
lines to gain the ground they had lost, and the wounded cap- 
tain was laying whip to the horses and crying out : 'Drive up, 
Johnnie ! drive up, or you will all be killed !' 'Johnnie" made 
the landing unscathed with his prisoner, cannon, and three 
spans of horses, one of which was shot through the leg in the 

"During the Georgia campaign. Comrade Colhern served as 
an independent scout, and on one occasion, near Atlanta, he 
took advantage of a Federal picket who occupied an outpost. 
The fellow had grown careless and was sitting down reading 
some letters, and the first thing he knew Cothern's gun was 
pointing at him, accompanied by a small, still voice saying, 
'Surrender.' He gave his name as Johnnie Rawls, was a 
congenial spirit, and proved to be a dismounted cavalryman, 
belonging to Company H, Thirty-Seventh Indiana Regiment 
of Cavalry. Rawls was an ingenious fellow, and one day 
picked up the leg bone of an ox, polished it nicely, then carved 
on it in miniature form the stars and stripes with his initials, 
company, regiment, etc., presenting it to his captor with the 
request that he keep it as a memento of the picket post 
in front of Atlanta. It is still in possession of Comrade 

Comrade Scarborough writes a pathetic incident concerning 
Capt. Rankin, from Columbia, Miss., while in front of Atlanta. 
He was acting lieutenant colonel of the Seventh on that day, 
and was shot dead from his horse while leading the charge. 
The Confederates were repulsed, leaving the pale and lifeless 
form of the Captain in the enemy's hands. The Confederates 
fell back a pace, re-formed, and rested on their arms. During 
this lull the voice of song was heard within the Federal lines, 
and proved to be a Masonic funeral song which touched a 
sympathetic chord in the breast of every Mason within the 
Confederate lines, and they too joined in sweet accord and 
sang with their brother Masons in blue, for they knew that a 
brother Mason was filling a bloody grave. Soon after the 
funeral service was over the Federals sent in a flag of truce 
accompanied by the belongings of Capt. Rankin, consisting of 
his sword, watch, spur, etc., with an earnest request that there 
be a special committee appointed to carry those valuables to 
I lie poor, heartbroken widow. The service proved to be the 
burial of Capt. Rankin with Masonic honors. 



Every one who actively served in the war must have been at 
some time or other in dangerous positions. During my four 
years of service, all active, I had numerous hairbreadth escapes 
and squeezed out of some very tight places. The first one 1 
recall was in the fall of 1861. soon after the battle of Belmont. 
We were in reserve on the Kentucky side of the Mississippi 
River, while the fight took place on the opposite side, and the 
heaviest gun the enemy had — a six-pounder — could not throw 
a shot more than halfway across the river. But I am digress- 
ing. We established our winter quarters at Fulton or Feli- 
ciana, Ky.. while the Federals had theirs at Paducah, about 
fifty miles north of us. About halfway between us Mayfield, 
county seat of Graves County, is situated. Each force con- 
sisted of bctwocn two thousand and three thousand men, but 
was supposed and Wicved by the other side to be anywhere 
from fifteen lo thirty thousand men. Both sides captured and 
evacuated Mayfield regularly once a week, the garrison in 
posses.sion invariably retreating before the enemy appeared. 
During all these maneuvers not an enemy was seen nor a gun 

fired by either side. However, in November, while we were 
holding the town with perhaps one hundred and fifty or two 
hundred men, a reliable negro brought in the report that five 
thousand Yankees were on their way from Paducah to sur- 
round and capture us. The lieutenant in charge of our force 
decided to immortalize his own and our names by turning the 
surprise on them. Silently some forty or fifty of us folded 
our tents and stole away in the dark. We met again a few 
miles north. Two roads from Paducah made a junction there. 
I volunteered to be the advance guard, about a quarter of a 
mile farther north, all alone, this being a very dangerous un- 
dertaking. I agreed to remain on watch from about 10 p.m. 
until daybreak, all alone, without relief. The night was quite 
chilly, cloudy, with occasionally a little moonlight, when I 
cautiously edged my way forward. I soon discovered a num- 
ber of buildings on a hill ahead of me, and not desiring to 
pass them. I established my post at the foot of the hill, 
climbed over the fence, and look position under a large Iwech 
tree inside the fence. On reconnoitcring I found a large uproot- 
ed .stump, top toward the fence and a large hollow in the rear, 
where the roots had l>een pulled up when the tree was felled, 
which I iminediately preempted as my bullet-proof fort, should 
hostilities commence. For an hour or two I heard voices in the 
vicinity of the houses, then everything became quiet. The 
moon hid behind the clouds, the air became more chilly, the 
hours were rolling by— -having no timepiece, I was unable to 
tell how many — when I became conscious that somebody or 
something was trying to slip up on me. After watching care- 
fully for some time and getting my eyes familiarized with the 
surroundings, I discovered that the movements were caused 
by wood mice in search of beechnuts. A few more hours 
passed, when, this time sure, I heard a number of people 
tramping through the brush in my direction. They did not 
keep step or march like soldiers, but that could hardly be ex- 
pected in the woods at ni^ht. When nearly at my post they 
suddenly stopped, and the moon coming out for just a moment 
showed me a lot of cattle browsing. Some eight or ten hours 
more passed, during which time noises of various kinds kept 
me awake and on the alert, when suddenly a Yankee picket, 
who had been stationed in the top of my tree, gave a signal in 
imitation of an owl, which was instantly answered by another 
picket stationed near the buildings on the hill by a good imita- 
tion of a rooster. I tried my 1>cst to locate his position aI)Ove 
mo for a shot, when out flew a real live owl. whose hoot I had 
mislaketi for a signal. 

1 had now been standing on post for apparently fifty or sixty 
hours ! I was nearly frozen to death, and daybreak seemed to 
be as far oflF as ever, when I discerned the sound of hoofs 
away up the road toward Paducah. My well-trained ear con- 
vinced me by the regularity of the hoof clatter tliat a squad 
of cavalry was advancing. The dogs at the different planta- 
tions, as the troop passed along, added their bark to the clatter. 
The company drew nearer and nearer and the noise becamt 
louder and louder. When the regiment passed the buildings 
on the hill I could hear the general in command give orders. 
The brigade quickened their pace as they thundered down the 
hill toward tne. I took a look at my little fort behind the 
stmiip, dried the flint and steel on my musket, filled the pan 
with fresh priming, and laid tlie musket on the top rail of the 
fence, fingers on the trigger. I decided to allow the leader, 
who was most likely a guide and perhaps a "loyal" South- 
erner, lo pass, and to reserve my fire for the next two or three, 
who were likely officers. My musket being loaded with ball 
and buckshot, I had several chances. After firing, I intended to 
scoot for my little fort before they could return the fire. By 


Confederate l/eterai>. 

this time a faint streak of gray had made its appearance in the 
eastern sky, but it was still quite dark. Nearer and nearer 
they came. 1 distinctly heard voices in the rear of the column 
on the hill. I steadied my nerves and watched for the oppor- 
tune moment. A horse's head came out of the shadow, the 
horse's body followed, no one astride of it. Three or four more 
horses followed, no one astride of them. The enemy had 
passed. There is where I got my gray hairs. 


On one of the loveliest days of last June a sweet little girl 
of ten summers knelt in a field of daisies, gathering the flowers 
she loved. Acres of daisies whitened the hill slope all about 
her, and she gathered handful after handful till her arms held 
a great sheaf. Looking up with a sudden thought, she said : 
"I will gather more and put them on the soldier's grave." 

A little later the rays of the setting sun touched a low 
mound in the village cemetery decorated with flowers gath- 
ered by the hands of a little child, born long years after "the 
soldier" had been laid there to rest. 

It was the grave of George Blaine, of the Seventh Texas 
Regiment, who was killed at the battle of Franklin. On the 
eve of the battle, far from his Texas home and the sister who 
prayed for him there and watched for the brother who would 
never return, he told his negro servant that he had a cousin, 
the wife of Dr. Aaron C. White, living at Spring Hill, twelve 
miles from Franklin. He wished to be taken to their home if 
killed or wounded in the battle. He fell never to rise again, 
and the heartbroken servant took him to Spring Hill. 

The writer was one of the three small children of the home 
who saw him for the first time in the calm majesty of death. 
It made an indelible impression, and the pathetic burial at 
the village cemetery the following day is still vividly remem- 
bered. There were no military honors, no minister to con- 
duct a religious service, and no crowd to follow him to his last 
resting place. Only three little children looked on in awed 
silence while their father helped the faithful servant lower 
the body into the grave and fill in the earth, but the frame of 
the latter shook with sobs and the tears rained down his face 
as he bent to the task which hid forever from his sight the 
loved form of his young master. 

There was mourning in every house in the village that day: 
the churches were turned into temporary hospitals filled with 
wounded and dying soldiers, and all were too busy minister- 
ing to those yet living to do honor to the dead. 

"Uncle Nick" was sent on his way with his master's horse 
and watch, a lock of hair, etc., and later the sister wrote 
from Texas that he had reached her safely with these last 
tokens. She spoke of having her brother's body removed as 
soon as days of peace came, but she too died, and he was left 
to slumber on here. 

The years slipped swiftly and silently away, and almost 
forty had been numbered with the past when the postmaster 
at Spring Hill received a letter inquiring for Dr. White or 
some member of his family. It was from "Uncle Nick" 
Blaine, the faithful servant of the young soldier, asking about 
the grave of his master. He wrote after receiving the desired 
information and sent some pressed cedar to be laid on "mas- 
ter's grave." 

The grave has never been marked by a stone, but a wild 
cherry sprang up near the spot and grew into a tree. Mocking 
birds build their nests there and sing requiems above his sleep- 
ing dust. 

Sprlnj^ Hill, Tenn., October, lyjj. 



Many Confederate soldiers disappeared in battles during the 
war of whom nothing was ever afterwards heard by either 
their comrades or families. A mystery of this kind came un- 
der my observation recently which I may help to solve, hoping 
it may, through the Veteran, reach the eyes of some of the 

At the New Orleans reunion I met a member of the Fourth 
Tennessee Cavalry, and incidentally asked him if he knew a 
Capt. J. J. Partin, of his regiment. He replied that he did, 
but that after the battle of Chickamauga the command never 
knew or could find out what became of him. I then gave him 
the following statement of facts: 

Capt. Partin was badly wounded at Chickamauga, fell into 
the hands of the Federals, was sent to Nashville, Tenn., and 
placed in the old Zollicoffcr House, which at that time was 
used as a hospital. I was a prisoner and in the hospital at 
the time, having been detailed by the Yankees to nurse our 
vvoimded. In this way I became acquainted with Capt. Partin 
and learned his history. He -was born in East Tennessee, but 
had moved to Camden, Ark., and was living there with hi.^ 
wife and three children when the war broke out. He was a 
Methodist preacher and a millwright by profession, but when 
the war began he returned to his native State, joined the 
Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, and was elected captain of a com- 
pany. He was a genial gentleman, and I became nmch at- 
tached to him. For a time it looked as if the wound would heal 
all right, but, in spite of the doctor's skill and good nursing, it 
began to grow worse, and pieces of the thigh bone had to be 
taken out. And right here I desire to say — and it aff'ords me 
pleasure to do so — that the doctor who attended him was one 
of nature's noblemen, gentle, tender, and brave. I often won- 
der if that good man is still living. He was a citizen doctor 
from Ohio, who volunteered his services, and his name was 
Hackenburg, and often when making his rounds of the hos- 
pital his wife and little bright, curly-haired girl would accom- 
pany him. The good woman always had words of kindness 
for us, and the sweet little bright-eyed angel daughter would 
sing her dear little songs that brought tears to the eyes of the 
wounded soldiers. 

In spite of Dr. Hackenburg's skill, poor Partin died. He 
requested the doctor to see that his body was buried in his uni- 
form, and in compliance with this request we robed the body 
in a new gray uniform and turned it over to the Doctor, and 
I feel assured it was properly buried, but where, J am unable 
to say. I have made repeated efforts to find the family of 
Capt. Partin, in order that I might tell them of his last peace- 
ful moments on earth and his thoughts of them, but have 
never been able to do so. I hope this may attract their atten- 



Our regiment was camped near Goldsboro, N. C, in the 
springtime of 1864, when rations were short and not of the 
most palatable kind — Bermuda pickled beef and pork and 
corn bread. So one day some of our boys concluded to go 
out skirmishing through the pines in search of something 
better suited to their appetites. Well, they skirmished pretty 
near all day, and were unable to buy or beg anything. East- 
ern North Carolina is noted tor its fine hogs and sweet 
potatoes. Not being able to buy or beg anything, five of us 
concluded we would confiscate the first eatable article we 
came across. We had gone but a short distance when we 

(Confederate l/eteraij. 


spied several large, fat hogs lying in a fence corner. One 
of the boys picked up a piece of a broken pine limb, and, 
striking Mr. Hog between the eyes, stiffened him out, cut his 
jugular, and in a very short while he was ready to be carved. 
Not being able to take the whole hog, we cut his hams otT 
and started two of the boys back with them to wait at a 
given place, and figured how we were to get our meat in to 
camp. We then visited a large white house about half a 
mile from the road. Upon arrival at the gate, an elderly 
gentleman, sitting on his porch, invited us in very cordially. 
Our spokesman said we had drawn some fresh meat, and 
we had very little salt and if he had any to spare we would 
like to buy some. The gentleman said, "Certainly;" and, 
going back through the house, he soon returned with about 
a peck of salt in a sack, and in reply to our inquiry as to how 
much we owed him said: "Not a cent." We all thanked him 
and turned to go, when he said: "Don't go yet. Our supper 
will be ready in a few minutes, and you young gentlemen must 
stay and take supper with us. It is both dinner and supper, 
as we eat only two meals a day." 

We accepted the invitation, had a good supper, and were 
introduced to the young ladies of the house. While at sup- 
per the lady of the house said she was very glad that we 
stopped; she had three sons in the Confederate army, and 
it was always a great pleasure to do for the Confederate 
soldier what she hoped some one would do for her boys, 
though she said there were sonic very bad men in our army. 
When about to leave, one of the boys said. "Jack, give me 
a pipe of tobacco," but Jack had none; when the old gentle- 
man said. "Hold on, boys ; I have some, and I will get it for 
you." So out he went, and soon came back with about twenty 
bundles of leaf and half a dozen plugs of chewing tobacco, 
and gave it to us, saying: "If you young gentlemen st^y 

about here any time, come out to see us. I like for gentle- 
manly soldiers to come ; but, as wife says, there are some 
\ ery mean men, and I hope there are few such men in our 
army. They come out here and kill my hogs, carry off the 
hind quarters, and leave the other half to rot in the woods. 
If they would only let me know they wanted fresh meat, I 
wculd have a hog butchered and send it in to camp for them; 
I could, you know, have the fore parts of the hog cooked for 
my negroes." 

Well, sir, while this p.itriotic citizen was telling this, I 
think it would have taken but a light pufif of air to have 
blown all three of us off of the face of the earth. We could 
all three have vanished through an inch auger hole. Well, 
on going back we decided that one of us should tell the 
gentleman that we had found parts of a hog, while the other 
two of us should wait for our comrade to return. It was 

not very long till Mr. and Jack came up. Mr. 

thanked us, and gave us one of the fore quarters. He made us 
take it. and, on excusing ourselves from taking it. told him 
that we could not carry it iiuo camp, as the colonel would 
not allow anything brought into camp without a note from 
the "owner," staling that he had sold or given it to whoever 

had it. "Well," says Mr. , "I can write; get a piece of 

paper and write what is necessary, and I will sign it," which 
he did. We returned to camp with our meat, the meanest, 
most self- condemned boys in the Confederate army. And 
they all vowed that that was the first and would he the last 
hog that they would ever confiscate. 

Col. j. l. m ai.i.iM (m im w . .<< a. k. r.). atl.\nta 

Who belonged to the "Tlftccoon Houghs" and is t>f Gen. J. B. Gordon's staff 


Capt. T. W. T. Richards, Company G, Mosby's Battalion, 
writes of an incident of uncivilized warfare practiced by the 
enemy at the battle of Ball's Bluff. He says: 

"At that time I was a noncommissioned officer in Carter's 
Company of the Eighth Virginia Infantry. Col. Hunton 
commanding. On the morning of the battle we were engaged 
with the enemy at the crossing of Goose Creek, on the Alex- 
andria and Leeshurg Pike. In the afternoon we were double- 
quicked to the woods skirting' Ball's Bluff, and formed in line 
of battle a short distance from an open field in our front. Our 
skirmishers, of which my chum Joe Calvert and myself were 
members, developed the enemy strongly posted in a ravine 
that crossed this open field, supported by a battery of artillery 
We reported the situation to our colonel, and he inunediately 
lined us up for a charge. In the meantime a Mississippi 
regiment had joined us and were lying down a short distance 
in our front. At the command we went forward, passed over 
the Mississippi regiment into the field at a double-quick, and 
went at them with a yell, the Mississippians supporting us. 

"The Federal.5 did not wail to receive our charge, but broke 
for the river and bluffs. We followed close, crowding them 
down to the river bank. As we advanced to the bluff, Calvert 
and myself, still together, came upon a pile of Federal knap- 
sacks and a Federal soldier guarding them. He shot at us 
and turned to run. Both of us were out of ammunition, but 
Calvert drew a pocket pistol and fired just as the Yankee 
I cached the bluff. He struck his man, who leaped over the 
bluff and fell in the forks of a tree, where he lay dead until 
the next day. The battery, composed of brass guns, was near 
the pile of knapsacks. Calvert and myself went up to look at 
them. It was then getting dusk. As we stood there Calvert 
looked down the incline of the bluff and saw a column ad- 
vancing in line of battle. He called out: 'There come the 
Yankees.' I looked and saw the column, but in their center 
and front was the tall and unmistakable form of Clinton 


Qoijfederate l/eterai}. 

Halcher, one of our regiment, and the soldier accredited in 
one of your former articles with the killing of Col. Baker. 
He was SIX feet seven inches tall, and I knew him well, as wt 
were both students at Columbian College, Washington, D. C, 
when the war began. I said to Calvert : "They are not 
Vankees, for there is Clint Hatcher among them.' We con- 
tinued our examination of the guns, when the advancing col- 
umn fired at us. I started on a run to my regiment, about 
two hundred yaids back, which I reached and reported what 
I had seen. We were ordered forward, aiid met this Federal 
column just at the top of the hill, when there was most ter- 
rific fighting for a few minutes. The Federals again fell back 
to the bank of the river. This was the last fighting. After 
the battle I was walking over this part of the field, when I saw 
the form of a very tall soldier lying on the ground with his 
face upward. I stooped down, and saw at once that it was 
Clint Hatcher. A Mississippian told me that in the earlier 
pan of the fight ho was captured, and that the Federals also 
captured a tall Virginian, and in this last charge they put him- 
self and this Virginian in front of their column. My informa 
tion leads me to believe that the Federal Col. Baker was killed 
in this last charge. If so, he paid with his life the penalty for 
the cowardly act of placing Confederate prisoners in front of 
his charging column. 

"Referring to Clinton Hatcher, I may mention an incident 
that occurred just before the hring on Sumter. We were 
students at Columbian College, on Fourteenth Street, Wash- 
ington, D. C. One night Hatcher and J. C. Salsby, of Missis- 
sippi, ran up a Confederate flag on the mast over the college 
building. The flag floated there for several hours in plain view 
of the capitol building and the President's mansion, before it 
was discovered by the college officers, when Dr. Samson, the 
President of the college, reinovcd it. It is doubtless the only 
time a Confederate flag ever floated over a public building in 
the Federal capital. Hatcher was a brave and fearless soldier, 
and had his life been spared would have won distinction in the 
cause for which he so early died."' 



On August I, 1862, Cols. Cockrill and Jacknian left the 
Arkansas River for North Missouri, with such men as could 
mount themselves, lor the purpose of bringing Upton Hayes's 
unarmed men from that section. I think Cockrill commanded. 
We marched in two divisions, Col. Coffee striking Missouri 
soinewhcrc in Stone County, thence going north through Dade, 
St. Clare, Bate, and Johnson to Lone Jack, in Jackson 
County, two hundred miles from my home, while our com- 
mand concentrated fifty miles west, near Neosho, Newton 
County, followed the State Ijne though Newton, Jasper, Bar- 
ton, Vernon, Bates, thence turned east through Johnson to 
Warrensburg, and from there made a bee line for Lone Jack, 
arriving two hours ahead of Col. Coffee. We continued the 
march eight miles in a northwest direction, and went into 
camp. Coffee reached Lone Jack about night, and camped, 
not knowing that there were any troops near, but Col. Emorv 
Foster had been sent out from Lexington with one thousand 
picked men to drive Quantrcll from the State. Quantrell was 
giving them lots of trouble along the river counties. When 
Foster reached Lone Jack he found CofTee there. Having 
some brass guns, he immediately opened on CofTee, who, hav- 
ing no guns, left the neighborhood, and Foster went into camp 
in the little village. 

We could hear the firing at our camp, so we immediately fell 

into line and marched back to within a half mile of Foster's 
men. dismounted, formed as infantry (for we were regular in- 
fantry soldiers), formed a hollow square around the village ex- 
cept the south side, which had been left for CofTee to close, but 
he had secured a pilot in his hurry that led him clear out of the 
country. My understanding is that he did not get to the fight, 
but of this I am not sure. The fight opened at five o'clock, and 
we held our ground till eleven ; then Foster's men gave way, 
after killing thirty-seven of our men. He was wounded and 
captured. My recollection is that he lost one hundred and 
eighty. I was one of the detail to bury our dead, all of whom 
we placed in one pit. We did not bury Foster's men, but laid 
them out the best we could under the circumstances. We cap- 
tured two twelve-pound brass rifle guns, over which we had a 
hard tussle for two hundred miles. They tried hard to take 
them from us, but we were proud of them and needed them in 
our business, so we took them to .•\rkaiisas. 



About that "cup of cold cofTee." In the October number of 
the Veteran. Comrade W. G. Lewis, of cavalry fame, wishes 
me to explain how a Federal soldier could approach our forti- 
fications in "broad daylight'' with nothing but a tin cup and 
coffeepot in his hand, climb up on our works, examine our 
situation with the utmost composure, and then depart in peace 
''without even giving us a drink of cofTee." 

Now, if Comrade Le\vi> will read my article in the Veteran 
in which I mention this incident at Dead Angle, he will see 
I said "at dawn," not "broad daylight " I did not say "with 
the utmost composure,'' but that "he came straight up, mount- 
ed the works, looked to the right, then to the left, and instant- 
ly changed the cofTeepot and tin cup to opposite hands. We 
knew at the time that it was a signal to his forces, I did 
not say that he then "departed in peace without a good-by or 
offering any one a cup of coffee." The Yankee did not hesi- 
tate to step down, and step down (piickly, into our works, a 
prisoner of war. He knew that he was either a prisoner or 
a dead Yankee from the moment he stepped out of his works, 
for he was in reach of oiir guns. 

Since writing of the incident, I have received a letter from 
Comrade W. H. Kearney, of Trezevant, Tenn., in which he 
says he remembers the incident distinctly ; that the Yankee 
crossed over and was taken into our works in a few feet of 

Characteristic (.f Southern Womanhood. — .\ fine illus- 
tration of the energy and industry exhibited by the Southern 
women after the war was recently given by a patron of the 
Veteran in writini; of what she had done for herself and 
others : 

"After the first bitterness was over, I realized that I must 
work or lose my mind. Since then I have tried to do with 
all my might whatever work God seemed to place before me. 
On our old place I superintended the planting and cultivation 
of a small, but beautiful, orange grove. The income from 
it was ample for my simple wants. The freeze eight years 
ago cut it down to the ground. The succeeding cold winter 
and want of money rendered my efTorts to restore it futile. 
In spite of all the sorrow the war brought upon me and mine 
and upon my beloved Southland. I would rather that it came 
than that my countrymen had submitted to be trampled upon 
without a struggle to be free. The cause was and is very dear 
to my heart." 

Confederate l/etera^. 



The Texas Division, U. D. C, met in annual session in 
Houston December 2-6, 1903. It was one of the largest and 
inott representative bodies of women to be found anywhere. 
There are more than seven thousand members of the Texas 
Division, and more than one hundred and thirty Chapters. 

Excellent work was reported by the Confederate Home, the 
Literary, the Anniversary, the Text-Book, and the various 
JVIonument Committees. These noble women will undertake 
to build a home for the widows and orphans of Confederate 
veterans, also" to fit up a library and reading room in the Sol- 
<liers' Home at Austin. During the year just closed many 
tender and loving remembrances have been sent to the Sol- 
diers' Home by the Texas Daughters. 

Houston entertained the convention in the most beautiful 
manner. There were many entertainments and evidences of 
ihoughtfulncss from every citizen. 

With great entluisiasm and by acclamation Miss Katie L. 
Daffan, of Ennis, was elected President of the work in Texas. 

Tennessee. In Gore's Company there were eight in one mess, 
four of whom were killed in battle — Abram Y. Denton and 
Solomon L. Hall in the battle of Murlreesboro, January 2, 







Mrs. J. W. Crawford (of Palestine), Mrs. Goldstein (of 
San Antonio), Mrs. J. B. Williams (of Brenham), Mrs. 
Edwin Moore (of Sherman), were elected Vice Presidents 
in the order that they are named. Mrs. W. P. Lane, of Fort 
Worth, the excellent Secretary, was reelected ; Mrs. A. C. 
Johnson, of Corsicana, was elected Treasurer; Mrs. J. W. 
Hazlctt, of Hearne, Registrar; Mrs. Z. P. Fulmore, of Austin. 
Custodian of Division books and papers ; and Mrs. S. H. 
Watson, of Wa.xahachie, the efficient Historian, was re- 

This convention will go into history as one of the best, the 
most harmonious, and one of the most instructive ever held 
by the Texas Division, U. D. C. 


Capt. "Bill" Gore took a company of infantry in May, 1861, 

to Camp Trousdale. This company and another under Capt. 

L. T. Armstrong were of the Eighth Tennessee under A. S. 

Fulton, one of tlic most noted regiments in the Army of 


'S6.H; Perry F. Morgan, near Atlanta, July 22, 1864; and James 
i'. McCue. in the battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864. The 
tber four are ,ill yet living, and in October, 1902, they had a 
picture made in a group, an engraving of which is given. 


The Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate 
States in the State of Maryland elected for 1903-04 the follow- 
ing officers : 

President : Capt. George W. Booth. 

Vice Presidents: Maj. W. Stuart Symington and Lieut. 
J.iscph Packard. 

Recording Secretary : Capt. Wni. L. Ritter ; Assistant, 
Joshua Thomas. 

Corresponding Secretary: John F. Hayden. 

Treasurer: Capt. F. M. Colston. 

Executive Committee : James R. Wheeler, William H. Pope, 
August Simon, Mark O. Shriver, Daniel L. Thomas, Lamar 
lldllyday, and D. Ridgely Howard. 

Chaplains: Rev. Messrs. William M. Dame, R. W. Cowardin, 
William C. Maloy, Henry T. Sharp. 

Sergeant at Arms : George W. Schafer. 

Secretary W. L. Ritter, while sending the above, writes : 

"A copy of the Confederate Veteran was brought to the 
attention of every member present at the meeting." 


The new Adjutant of the Camp, Edwin Selvage, reports as 
follows : 

"A'Camp Fire' will be held at Tuxedo Hall January 19, the 
anniversary of Gen. Robert E. Lee's birthday. Gen. Joseph 
Wheeler has been invited to deliver an address on Lee. 

"Connnandcr Owen reports that the fourteenth annual dinner 
for January 25 promises to be a grand success; that six weeks 
prior to the dinner all the forty-three boxes were engaged, and 
that orders sufficient to fill ten more boxes are now on the 
waiting list. Chairs behind the boxes will be sold to a limited 
extent. Nearly three hundred seals at the tables had been 

"The Commander of the Camp requests members to send 
any magazines and novels that they do not care to keep to 
the Soldiers' Homes at Richmond, Va., and New Orleans, 
La., where they will be greatly appreciated. 

"He announces the death, on December 12, 1903, of Comrade 
D. K. Mason, who served in the First Kentucky Regiment of 


Qoi)federate l/eteraij. 


They are passing away from us, passing, passing away. 
The dear old boys, the true old boys that marched in the ranks 

of gray. 
Tliey arc passing away ; they who have known 
The raid in ihe darkness, the rider o'erlhrown, 
And the shell-torn steed's pain-bidden neigh, 
All on the fields of the far away. 
And the hands now quiver that used to be strong — 
The way they have traveled has been so long. 
The weights they have lifted, the burdens they have borne — 
They have all been heavy; and shall we mourn 
That they are all passing away? 
1 know we shall, and I say we shall. The gray 
That they wore— it's the same dear color to-day. 
The tottering tread of the last of the men 
Who fought for their country, as seemed to them then — 
For right or for wrong? Who recks aught to-day? 
Since the whole world has heroed the men of the gray, 
Shall not be unnoted while sons yet remain. 
1 would I could lift them a worthier strain. 
And when they march in the proud parade, 
A-slep to the tunes that the old bands played, 
We wave and we cheer as they all move on ; 
But it's O for the sight of the ones that are gone ! 
—Harry 11. Williams, Uvcrpool, Tex., in Galveston Nctcs. 

Hon. John R. Pkcctok. 
Mr. John R. Proctor, who was President of the United 
States Civil Service Connnission, died suddenly, the other day, 
in Washington. He was greatly respected, and the press. 
North as well as South, has cordial words of esteem. The New 
York Times says : "He was sent to the University of Pennsyl- 
vania to prevent his joining the Confederate army, a precau- 
tion which proved quite inadequate, as he ran away and served 
gallantly through the war." After returning to his native Ken- 
tucky, he studied geology, and became Slate Geologist. Roose- 
velt sccuied his position for him under President Cleveland, 
a position he held for a decade before his death. 1 he 7 imcs 
concludes editorially a fine tribute in these words: "Personally, 
he was one of the noblest and most delightful of men." 

E. Tuooi' Rani'Le and Jason G. Guice. 

The following are resolutions of respect adopted by Mnj. 
Gen. George P. Harrison and staff at the reunion held in 
Birmingham, Ala., November 4, 190J : 

•'Whereas the Omnipotent Deity, in the exercise of his in- 
finite wisdom, has called from the battlefields of this earthly 
sphere to a peaceful home of eternal rest our beloved brothers, 
E. Troop Randle and J. G. Guice, niembers of the staff of 
George P. Harrison, Major General of the United Confederate 
Veterans; and whereas almost half a century ago as comrades 
of our departed brothers we had occasion and opportunities 
of witnessing their courage and manhood in the strife between 
brothers of a common country, and which history records as 

the greatest internecine strife in the annals of Ihe world's 
battles ; and whereas their fortitude and intrepid courage evi- 
denced themselves on all occasions where duty called or op- 
portunity offered ; and whereas by their respective demise we 
have lost lifelong companions, "brothers in arms,' and brave 
heroes in their country's defense ; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That in the death of our beloved brothers wc each 
feel a personal sense of loss in a companionship and comrade- 
ship incapable of being supplied until we meet on the eternal 

"Resolved, Further, that as fellow-members of our departed 
brothers upon the staff of Maj. Gen. Harrison, commanding the 
United Confederate Veteians of Alabama, we mourn their 
deaths as a loss to their respective communities; we tender 
their respective families the sinceicst assurance of our ten- 
derest sympathies and affection. 

"R. H. Adams, William B. Jones, B. M. Washburn. Official : 
Harvey E. Jones, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff." 

Dr. William H. Amiss. 

Dr. W. H. Amiss passed 9way on August 8, 1903. Main- 
hearts were saddened, for far and wide he was known and 
belcved. He was an important member of his community. 

Dr. Amiss was born at Melville, near Amissville, Rappa- 
hannock County, Va., the home of his father, Capt. Elijah 
Amiss, November 12, 1829, and was therefore in his seventy- 
fourth year. He was educated at the University of Virginia, 
where he took his earlier course in medicine, graduating later 
at the University of Pennsylvania, April g, 1853. With the ex- 
ception of the four years of the War between the States, the 
long, busy period of his professional life, amounting in all to 
fifty years, was passed in Springville, Va. The practice of 
medicine, while a business, was to him a noble work, to which 
he gave his life's best energies. The high ethics of a pro- 
fession which sends men forth not primarily to earn a living 
but to alleviate human surTering found abundant expression 
in his long life of faithful work among his fellow-countrymen. 

At the breaking out of the great war Dr. Amiss went to 
Richmond, and offered his professional services to the surgeon 
general, C. S. A. He was commissioned assistant surgeon, 
and assigned as such with the Nineteenth Mississippi Regi- 
ment, and served with it during the Peninsula campaign and 

DR. W. H. A.MISS. 

Qoi}federate l/eterap. 


the seven days' fighting around Richmond, after which he 
was promoted to snrgeon, and transferred to the Sixtieth 
Georgia Regiment, Lawton's Brigade, then stationed at Me- 
chanicsville, near Gordonsville, Va., in 1862, and remained with 
it until tiie close of the war, rendering distinguished service. 

In conjunction with his brother. Dr. T. B. Amiss, surgeon 
of the Thirty-First Georgia Regiment, Lawton's Brigade, he 
performed an almost miraculous operation upon Maj. Snowdcn 
Andrews, of Maryland, on the night after the battle of Cedar 
Mountain. Maj. Andrews survived the war, and did not die 
until a year ago. 

It is not given to all inen to have a unique and striking 
personality, but this was the case with Dr. Amiss. He was 
always a marked man. Strong and positive by nature, he 
was what he was at all times and in all places. An earnest 
and devoted member of the Episcopal Church, it was a desire 
near to his heart for many years to see a church erected in 
his village, Siiringville, Va. In the last year of his life it was 
his privilege to sec this good work accomplished. 

Maky Tddd Lusk. 
Where the Tennessee River makes its extreme Southern 
bend, a little valley nestles between the great smoky moun- 
tains. In this sequestered spot lies the village of Guntersville, 
Ma., near which, on an Easter morning in the year of 1874, 
a little daugliter was born to Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Todd. 
Mary Carlisle slic was christened. She was a perfect beauty. 

"Her briglit eyes were heaven's own blue ; 
Her hair a gold mesh with the sun shining through." 

Here slie spent the greater part of her happy childhood, sur- 
rounded by her friends and relatives, attending the villa.i^e 
school in its season. At the age of fourteen she was sent to 
llie Florence Seminary, where she remained until she grad- 
uated. This tender child had bloomed into lovely woman- 
hood — truly the pride of the village. She made hosts of 
friends on her visits to other cities and climes, but her heart 
ever turned to the place where her loved ones dwelt. When 
■ once her heart was touched, the tie held fast to the end, as 
was shown by the fidelity to the boy lover to whom she plight- 
ed her troth in true boy and girl fashion, while both were 
H-arcely in their teens. How litting that he go to the great 
metropolis, win for himself a name and fame, for her a home, 
and return to claim his bride. 

On November 23, 1898, Dr. Thruston G. Lusk and Marv 
Carlisle Todd were married in the little Presbyterian church 
where she first went as a pupil, then as teacher, where she en- 
tered her name on the church roll. This wedding brought to- 
gether the rich and the poor, the high and the low, for none 
"knew her but to love her, and none named her but to praise.' 
On every lip this sentence was framed: "Mamie Todd is mar- 
ried." How regal she looked in her bridal robes! That she 
was loved was attested by the looks of pride and admiration 
that beamed in every face. 

How soon this scene is changed ! Two years have scarcely 
gone wheu this message passes among these same friends : 
"Mamie Todd is dead." On March 11, 1901, at her home in 
New York, surrounded by all that love and science could sug- 
gest, she faced the King of Terrors with the same brave, 
courageous front which characterized her, averring: "It is 
not hard to die, only hard for those who are left." Her grief- 
stricken husband came, bringing her casket and this, her last 
message to her mother : "Tell my mother that I loved her." 
She sleeps in the same sheeny robes in which she was clad on 
her wedding day, so fair, so calm. Ihe little mound lies on 

the hill facing the spot where her pure, spotless soul first flut- 
tered into life; on the right is the boyhood home of her lover 
and husband; on the left her home, where a father, mother, 
and two brothers daily mourn their loss; near by her sister 
friends — all pass in sight of this loved spot in their going to 
and fro, and many sighs and tears are wafted and shed in the 
thought : "She has passed." The echo of the same bells that 
once called her forth now sound over her grave. She sleeps in 
peace, and will not lack the flowers like her face — the sweet 
pink rose, the pure white rose, the faithful evergreens. 

Literary Circle Rcsoliilioiis. — With a deep sense of loss in 
the death of Mary Todd Lusk, a member and coworker, the 
Literary Circle of Guntersville, Ala., put on record this testi- 
mony to her beautiful life and character: 

"After a brief illness she was called to rest, and though the 
message came suddenly, she went forth willingly, fearlessly. 
Her life has come to its close while yet in its morning. She 
went in and out before us during all these years — always the 
same, always at her post scattering sunshine everywhere, un- 
til the coming of her bridal eve, when she was transplanted 
from the realm of maidenhood to adorn the home of Dr. 
I'hurston G. Lusk, of New Vork. 

"'In view of her youth, her sudden death, her noble life, 
which gave promise of still greater usefulness, we bow with 
sorrowful resignation to so mysterious a dispensation. 

"We stand by her vacant scat with hearts stirred to their 
depths by these sad, sweet memories, which shall be enshrined 
among our n:ost sacred things. 

"We would have kept her here — would have held her back 
to this earth of tears, sin, and trials, where shadows darken 
every sunbeam— but greater love than ours has spared her all 
these and called her up higher. 

"To the bereaved husband who sits in tlie shadow of this 
great sorrow, to the father and mother, and to all who con- 
stitute the innermost circle of her associations, we offer our 
deepest sympathy. 

"Mirs. John A. Lusk, Miss Mildred Alford, Mrs. A. G. 
Henry, Committee." 

Tribute by New York Chapter, U D. C. 

My Dear Dr. Lusk: I am authorized by the Daughters of 
tlie Confederacy to send you a copy of the following resolu- 
tion, adopted at our last meeting: 

"Rcsolvrd, That by the death of Mrs. Lusk this Chapter has 
sustained the loss of a valued member, and we are deprived 
of the companionship of a refined, gentle, and beloved friend, 
for whom we sincerely mourn." 

Mary Fairfa.x Childs, Cor. Sec. 

In a personal note Mrs. Childs wrote: "Mrs. Lusk was in- 
deed admired by us all, and we feel that no one can fill her 
place. Every one at our last meeting expressed the deepest re- 
gret that one so young and lovely should have passed away." 

Her father, W. H. Todd, enlisted in the army in June, 1861. 
in Morgan County, Ala. He was in the Army of Northern 
Virginia under Gen. R. E. Lee for fouj- years in Company E, 
Ninth Alabama Regiment, Gen. A. P. Hill's Corps, Gen. 
Hood's Division, Gen. Wilcox's Brigade. He entered the army 
as a private, and was made captain at the first vacancy, and 
served as such till the close of the war. 

A few months before her death the editor of the Veteran 
was a patient in the private hospital of her uncle, Dr. John 
.•\. Wyeth, and she was the last lady visiter before he passed 
the crucial test of the surgeon's knife, and when the sunlight 
of life and hope had dawned again his first visit was to the 
pleasant home of Dr. Lusk and wife. 


Qor}j-ederat(^ Ueteraij, 

Dr. William H. Beltox. 

Whereas the Supreme Commander, on November l6, 1903, 
ordered our beloved comrade. William H. Belton, M.D., to re- 
port to headquarters a little in advance of us, his fellow- 
soldiers; therefore be it 

Resolved, That while we shall miss from our camp fire this 
true, noble-hearted comrade, the sunlight of whose presence 
enabled us to bear more easily the fatigues and trials of life's 
campaign; and while we shall feel keenly his absence in the 
trying hours of pain and affliction ahead of us till Mother 
Earth takes us to htr bosom, which his wisdom and skill might 
liave contributed so much to lessen — we know that the order 
came from One who docth all things well, and are certain 
that in the revelations of eternity we shall concur in its wisdom. 

Resolved, That, so long as our little remnant of life shall 
hold out, we shall feel the influence for good upon oux hearts 
and minds that grew out of association with our departed com- 
rade; and shall try to profit by the examples found in his 
career, in those high characteristics of a true and brave indi- 
vidual manhood and a clear-sighted patriotism. 

Resolved, That Camp Pap Price extend its loving sympathy 
to the family of our departed comrade in this the darkest hour 
of their lives, and pray that the God of the orphan may take 
our comrade's children under his protecting care, shielding 
them from every snare and temptation, and eventually bring- 
ing them to join father and mother in tlie eternal home, where 
there will be no more parting. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered in the record 
book of the Camp, a copy of them presented to the family of 
Comrade Belton, and a copy sent to the Colusa Sun, of 
Colusa, Cal., and the Confedekate Veteran, Nashville, Tenn. 

Done by order of Camp Pap Price, No. 1360, United Con- 
federate 'Veterans, of which he was a charter member, at 
Colusa, Cal., December i, 1903. 

Committee on Resolutions: J. S. Cameron, John L. Jackson, 
Joseph S. West. 

David S. Curl. 

Another comrade has fallen— David S. Curl, of Shelbyvillc, 
Tenn. In early manhood he entered the Confederate service 
iefore his native Tennessee had become a member of the new 
government, and joined the First Tennessee Confederate Regi- 
ment. Comrade Curl was a natural musician, and became 
skillful in that art as a member of his regimental band, and 
under the inspiration of its music the regiment displayed that 
courage which won fame for the command upon many battle- 
fields. He was a soldier true and tried until the last shot was 
fired. Returning then to the life of a civilian, he met the de- 
mands of duty with the same loyalty and faithfulness that 
characterized him as a soldier. 

"Resolved, That wc, his comrades, mourn his death, and 
that in the grave where his body rests we will bury whatever 
faults or foibles he may have had, and will treasure the mem- 
ory of his virtues and good deeds. 

••J. A. Thompson, E. Shapard, J. M. Moore, Committee." 

C.M'T. J. J. Mallard. 
Capt. Mallard was born in Walker County, Ala., April 17, 
1826; and in 1846, with his parents, moved to Athens, Tex., 
and the following year moved to Cherokee County, where 
they settled and the parents remained until their death. Early 
in the fifties, Capt. Mallard went 10 Dallas, Tex., and engaged 
in mercantile business, and during his residence there, in 1856, 

was married to Miss Elizabeth Knight, who, together with five 
sons and two daughters, survives him. 

When the War between the States broke out, Capt. Mallard 
moved to Cherokee County, Ala., and enlisted in the Confed- 
erate army. He was made quartermaster of Burford's Regi- 
ment, in which capacity he served through the war. Returning 
to Texas, he settled in Rusk, and engaged again in mercantile 
business, which he continued until the time of his death, Oc- 
tober 2, 1903. He was laid to rest in the Rusk cemetery, after 
appropriate services at the Methodist Church, of which he had 
been a steward for more than a quarter of a century, the last 
rites being conducted at the grave by the Masons, of which 
fraternity he was a member. 

The Masonic Lodge of Rusk adopted resolutions from which 
the following is given: 

"Brother Mallard was an honest, upright citizen, a safe and 
conservative business man, a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist Church fir in.inv years, and a brave, loyal soldier of the 


Confederacy. He was a good and true Mason, and a member 
of Euclid Lodge and Cherokee Chapter for more than forty 
years, having served as Principal Sojourner in the Chapter 
initil he became too feeble to attend our meetings. Therefore 
be it 

"Resolved, That in the death of Brother Mallard this lodge 
has lost one of its oldest and most venerated members. Mason- 
ry has lost one of its most earnest and zealous advocates, the 
Stale an honored and useful citizen and patriot, the Church a 
consistent and active member, and his family a faithful, in- 
dulgent, and affectionate husband .-md father." 

J. T. Juvner. 
In Bolivar, 'lenn., on Friday, December 11, 1903, J. T. 
Joyner, an old Confederate veteran, passed away. He was a 
member of Company E, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, a brave 
soldier who served through the war. 

Qoijfederate V/eterai). 




Mrs. N. V. Randolph, Chairman Central Committee of th^; 
Jefferson Davis Monument Association, Richmond, Va. : 

'"The Central Committee of the Jefferson Davis Monument 
Association liavc a set of three pictures, representing tlie three 
brandies of tlie Confederate army. These plates are executed 
from designs in water color by Mr. William' L. Sheppard, 
whose service in the Confederate army afforded him advan- 
tages in the study of types, places, and color in the life of the 
Confederate soldier which were possessed by only a few- 

"The figures are treated with almost no background, and 
only a few accessories appropriate to the branch of the service 

"The infantryman is equipped with rolled blanket over his 
shoulder, belt, bayonet, canteen, etc. He has stopped for a 
moment at the camp fire to light his pipe, and supports his 
rifle in the li'illuvv of his elbow, in order to have both hands 

"The artilleryman, a captain, stands on the slight slope of a 
breastwork, and signals to the gunners to reserve their fire 
until he can observe the enemy with his field glass. The smoke 
drifting by indicates that a gun near him has just been fired. 

"The cavalryman is about to saddle his horse: has the bridle 
in his hand, whilst the saddle is on n limii near by. and near it 
lie his rolled blanket and saber. 

"Attention is concentrated on the figures alone. There is no 
newness about the 'outfit" of these individuals. Their clothing 
shows service. 


"The figures are of the light-haired and dark-haired type* 
— two of them. The artilleryman's hair is iron-gray, as there 
were numbers of middle-aged men in the Confederate service 
who should not go unrepresented in this scries. The figures 
belong to the campaign period of 1863. 

"These pictures are sold for the benefit of the Jefferson 
Davis monument. The work is done by the Chapters. It is 
hoped that every Camp and Chapter will buy at least one set, 
as it is necessary that the younger people of the South should 
know the uniform of their fathers, and not the grotesque 
figure of a Confederate soldier in a long frock coat. 

"The price is $1 for the set ; postage, 13 cents. The size is 
io.'-2 inches by 17 inches, mounted upon board 15 inches by 20 
inches, ready for framing. Orders to be sent to Mrs. William 
Robert Vawter, Chairman and Treasurer Picture Committee, 
Richmond, Va." 

It is now stated that the Jefferson Davis monument will 
be unveiled in Richmond, June 3, 1907, the anniversary ot 
President Davis's birthday. 

The Davis Monument Fund was turned over to the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy five ye.irs ago by the United 
Confederate Veterans' Association at a convention held in 
Richmond. Twenty thousand, five hundred dollars was- 
lurned over to the Daughters, and since that time they have 
raised over $43,000. The total amount raised is $66,000. 
though this amount is not all in bank, the Daughters having: 


Qor^federati^ l/eterai), 

invested quite a sum in Slieppard's pictures, representing the 
three arms of the Confederate service, the artillery, infantry, 
and the cavalry. From the sale of these pictures they ex- 
pect to realize about $5,000. 

The monument will cost about $70,000, which will include 
everything. The Daughters of the Confederacy want to raise 
about $10,000 in addition to the sum they have on hand. 
Of this $10,000, they propose to invest $5,ooo, the interest of 
which they will use in caring for the grounds of the monu- 

Work on the monument will begin next July, and the gran- 
ite work will be completed long before the lime for the un- 
veiling. Three years, however, will be required for the com- 
pletion of the bronze figures, the statue of JcfTerson Davis, 
the other a female allegorical figure. Sculptor Valentine has 
stated that he could not possibly complete the figures under 
three years. 

The figure of Davis will stand eight feet high on a granite 
pedestal of a-bout the same height, and the female figure, 
pointing heavenward, will stand about seven feet high on 
the summit of a column fifty-six feet high. 

The erection of the monument is in charge of a building 
committee composed of the following: Joseph Bryan, chair- 
man; Judge G. L. Christian, J. Taylor Ellyson, David C 
Richardson, E. D. Taylor, J. S. Ellett, and J. C. Dickerson. 

Mrs. Thomas S. McCulloch, of Staunton, Va., is President 
of the Davis Monument Association; Mrs. Blenncr, Secre- 
tary; and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, of Richmond, Treasurer. 

Typical Confedekate Officer i.v Uniform. — Henry S. Hale 
«as born in Warren County, Ky., May 4, 1836. In September 
of 1861 he enlisted in Company H, Seventh Kentucky Regi- 

ment of Infantry. He made up a company in Graves County, 
Ky., and was elected its captain, as which he served till after 
the battle of Shiloh, when, at the reorganization, he was 
elected major of the regiment. 

Maj. Hale took part in many important battles — Shiloh, 
Corinth, siege of Vicksburg, Baker's Creek. Jackson, Miss.. 
Brice's Cross Roads, Harrisburg, and Old Town Creek, Miss. 
He was severely wounded in the latter engagement, but 
through the careful nursing and motherly attention of Mrs. 
James Sykes, of Columbus, Miss., one of the devoted Southern 
mothers of the time, he was restored to health and rejoined 
his command at West Point, Miss. He was then promoted by 
Gen. Forrest to the rank of lieutenant colonel for gallant con- 
duct in the battle of Baker's Creek, June 10, 1864, and as- 
signed to diuy with ihe Third and Seventh Kentucky Regi- 
ments, then mounted infantry. He surrendered with this com- 
mand at Columbus, Miss., in April, 1865. 

Col. Hale was never a prisoner of war, but he surrendered 
to the captivating smiles and graceful accomplishments of one 
of the South's fairest daughters — a graduate of the once 
famous Institute for Mules, at Columbus — a daughter of Mrs. 
Eliza Gregory, of DcKalb, Miss., to whom he was married 
in November of 1865. 

The uniform of which the old coat was a part was bought 
in Mobile. Ala., in the early part of the year 1864, at a cost 
of $800. It has been preserved, and is now held as a relic of 
war and love by the fair lady who has been the life companion 
and the inspiration of the purposes and achievements of his 
life, humble though they be, and who is now the President of 
the Mayficld Chapter, Daughters of the Confederacy. Though 
overpowered in war and a willing victim in love, he came out 
of it all a victor in the end. and is thankful to the great Com- 
mander for continued health and prosperity. 




Editor I'rtcraii: I notice that you ask your subscribers for 
incidents of personal daring and narrow escapes during the 
war. Permit me to give you two that came under my per- 
sonal notice, and there are a dozen or more veterans of How- 
ell's old Eleventh Texas Battery, and probably fifty or one 
hundred of Alexander's Cavalrv Regiment of Texas volunteers 
now living, who will vouch for the truth of the following. 
Both incidents occurred at the battle of Newtonia, in South- 
west Missouri, in September, 1S62, ;md both of the actors are 
yet living — one at McKinncy, Tex., and the other at Purcell. 
ind. T. 

Private Bill Franklin, the wheel driver on third piece, 
Eleventh Texas Battery, was sitting on his horse during an 
artillery duel between that four-gun battery and Rhabb's 
twelve-gun Federal Kansas battery when a percussion 
shell from a ihrcc-ineh Parrott gun struck the horse on which 
Franklin was sitting;. Striking the animal in the shoulder, 
missing Franklin's leg not over two incites, it passed through 
the horse at an angle and between the rider's legs, exploding 
inside the animal, tearing out his entrails and coming out at 
the Hank, mangling the other horse so badly in the hip that he 
had to be shot after the fight was over. The saddle on which 
Franklin was riding was split into a dozen pieces, and both of 
his legs from the knees up to crotch were frightfully bruised, 
but, strange to say, he was not killed. Indeed, so great was 
the fellow's pluck and endurance that he helped take the 
harness off the dead and wounded horses and refused to leave 
the field for an hour or two afterwards, when he was finally 
induced to go to the field hospital in the little village, half a 

Qoijfederate l/eterap. 


mile in the rear, where his wounds were dressed by Dr. O. H. 
Caldwell, our company surgeon (now living in Dodd City, 
Fannin County, Tex.), who will vouch for the truth of this 
statement. I was filling the post of No. 2 at the time the in- 
cident happened, and the shell — the boys called that kind 
"saw logs" — passed within ten or fifteen feet of my head. 
Franklin recovered, and made a good soldier the rest of 
the war, being furloughed at Fort Washita, Ind. T. (our bat- 
tery never surrendered or were paroled), in May, 1865. He 
was living a year or two ago, and probably is yet, at Purcell, 
Ind. T. 

The other incident, and almost as "close a call" as Franklin's, 
happened to Capt. Andrew P. Carter, commissary of Alexan- 
der's Regiment of Texas Cavalry. In early life Capt. Carter 
was afflicted with white swelling in one of his legs, and one 
leg was considerably shorter than the other, and what we 
tisually term bow-legged. In the morning fight at the same 
place, and same day, Capt. Carter had put two or three large 
red Missouri apples in the tail pockets of his coat. He had 
<lismounted from his horse, and was standing near Capt. Joe 
Bledsoe's two-gun Missouri Battery, Joe Shelby's Brigade, 
when a Federal battery opened on them at about four hundred 
,ind fifty yards' distance, and one of the first rounds fired, a 
six-pound solid .shot, passed between Capt. Andy's legs, miss- 
ing him clean, but shot the tail of his coat off, made pom- 
ace out of the apples, and ruined his Innch. Capt. Carter's 
place was properly with his wagon train in the rear. I don't 
know whether his Nevs-tonia experience cured him of rushing 
up on the firing line the rest of the war or not, but I do 
know that had it not been for the bow in his game leg he 
would certainly have lost his life on that occasion. 



The article in the Novemhcr Veteran headed "Words for 
Dixie" has been read with interest and pleasure, and I fully 
agree in the praise of Albert Pike's words as adopted for that 
martial tune. The almost meaningless words of the original 
minstrel song by Daniel Ennnett have no sliare in the great role 
that "Di.xie" had among the soldiers of Southern armies. It 
w^as the soul-stiring martial strain that fired the blood then, 
and yet causes the "Rebel yell" to resound on the air when 
heard in any assembly of our Southern people. The words of 
the poet. Albert Pike, that were later composed to better suit 
its purpose and more befitting the great occasion of the times 
that proved the mettle of our Southern people, women as well 
as men — they are niore suitable to the great Southern melody 
and the spirit of the people "to live and die for Dixie." How 
well they have come up to that promise, history attests. Thou- 
sands and thousands have died for Dixie — have given theii 
iifeblood in her caiise. As many more have been spared to 
live for Dixie — have found truth in the words, "to live for 
Dixie, harder part," had almost despaired, and have yet, in 
spite of great difiicullies, made her more glorious in peace than 
m war. 

The resolution offered by the Missouri reunion of the U. C. 
^'. to change the words of "Di.---ic" was most inappropriate, 
and was well voted down. There is no claim made by our 
people to Mr. Emmelt's words of the song. They simply ap- 
propriated the music and made it the battle strain of the Con- 
federacy. The music of these and Albert Pike's words were the 
"Dixie" of our soldiers; these are a legacy of the times that 
tried men's souls and proved them true ; then let them so stand as 
"our Dixie." True, the words do not suit present circum- 
stances, but they had tlieir birth in a time they suited, and so 

should remain a memento of it ; then couple Pike's version to 
our great strain — a fitting memorial of our boys in gray. 

It is the martial music of the great national airs, "Hail, 
Columbia," "Watch on the Rhine," "God Save the King," and 
"The Marseillais," that inspire men "to dare and die," not 
the words that are atlached to them, which are never heard 
when those occasions "to do or die" offer. 

This writer recalls to mind the first occasion when the 
afterwards so popular tune had its birth in the excitement at- 
tending the secession movement. The war, of course, had not 
then stiirttd. It was in the evening of the day that our State. 
South Carolina, seceded, December 20, 1S60. Great crowd.s 
had gathered in front of the hotels, calling on prominent men 
to address them, which they did in stirring words, and the ex- 
citement was great. Between the speeches the band in the 
corridor of the hotel played popular airs. Among them was 
the one to which so many later marched bravely to battle, "to 
do or die for Dixie." No words were heard, but the tune 
took and caused great enthusiasm, which hardly knew bounds. 
.Such was its birth among the exciting scenes of those stormy 
times, and its popularity has not waned since in either weal or 
woe. It is one thing that the failure of our Confederacy could 
not deprive us of, though our one-time foes would, no doubt, 
have gladly done so, for that and the Rebel yell were no 
pleasant sounds to them. They betokened too much earnest- 
ness of the Southern soldiers "to live or die for Dixie." 

Second Vice President LT idled D.iutflilers of the Confederacy. 

The Atlantic Coast Line Railway maintains its well-estab- 
lished reputation for conducting a safe and reliable system in a 
liberal and conservative manner. Its aggregate mileage, in- 
cluding iarge systems not bearing its name, gives it an unseen 
power, and that strength, while exercised upon business prin- 
ciples, is controlled by a spirit that forgets not. 


Qoipfederate l/etcraij. 


J. W. Wilcox, Adjutant of the U. C. V. Camp, Macon, Ga.. 
has been so generous and so faithful through all the years of 
the Veteran that it sought data as to his service, and he re- 
plied : 

"For myself I can only say that I tried to do my duty, and 
to this day and forever I shall be glad that I was a Confed- 
erate soldier. Next to my wife and children, the tenderest 
spot in my heart is for the boy comrades with whom I helped 
make Southern history from 1861 to 1865. My Confederate 
sketches are for the pleasure of my friends." 

Some credentials of his service are as follows: 

"Richmond, Va., December, 1864. 

"It is with pleasure that I say Sergt. J. W. Wilcox is en- 
titled to the highest consideration a gallant and zealous Con- 
federate soldier can receive. 

"Sergt. Wilcox entered the service in May, 1861, with the 
Washington Artillery of New Orleans, and has been in action 
with that liattalion in every engagement. He has no superior 
as a soldier, and merits and receives at the hands of his offi- 
cers and the rank and .'ile of his command the full appreciation 
due to his most excellent standing. 

"I have no hesitation in most cordially recommending Sergt. 
Wilcox for promotion, and sincerely hope he may obtain thai 
which he has most worthily earned. J. B. Walton, 

"Late Colonel and Cliicf of Anilkry, Longstreet's Corps." 

"Headquarters Battery Washington Artillery, 

December 8, 1864. 
"It gives me plea.sure to fully indorse the within testimonial, 
and also that of Col. Walton. While I was in command of 
the Fourth Company, Washington Artillery, Sergt. Wilco.x 
was under my immediate command, and always merited the 
highest consideration. I consider he will fill any position to 
that of field officer with ability and credit. 

■'B. F. EsHiEMAN, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding." 

Comrade Wilcox is now an expert hydraulic and civil en- 
gineer and no mean artist with his pen in depicting the old 
Confederate of forty years ago, as the following show: 

A private's entertainment. 



■ —-■^s' "ALL THESE legions! WHY 





(Confederate l/eterarj, 



Widespread interest is manifested in Gen. John B. Gordon's 
"Reminiscences nf Ihc Civil War," recently issued from the 
press of Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 

To every old survivor of the Confederate arm}', or th': 
descendants of those who helped to make Confederate history 
from 1861 to 1865, the book will be of special interest, and every 
fair-minded student of American history will read it with in- 
terest and profit, not only on account of its historic value, 
which is unquestionable, coming as it does from an eyewit- 
ness and a prominent official participant in most of the great 
events of which he writes, i)ut also because of the patriotic 
and nonpartisan spirit manifested throughout. 

In his introduction, Gen. Gordon says : "1 have endeavored 
to make my review of that most heroic era so condensed as to 
claim ihc attention of busy people, and so impartial as to com- 
mand the confidence of all fair-minded jieople in all sections. 
. . . I have endeavored to show that the courage displayed 
;ui(l the ratio of losses sustained were unprecedented in mod- 
ern warfare. I have also recorded a large number of those 
characteristic and thrilling incidents which illustrate a unique 
and hitherto unwritten phase of the war.'' In a most inter- 
esting and entertaining manner he has interwoven this matter 
with the historical facts in his "Reminiscences" from Manas- 
sas. Seven Pines, Aiuietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, all those long months of desperate 
fighting and sulTeriiig around Richmond and Petersburg, to the 
last heroic charge at Apijoinatlo.x. lie does not give as much 
space to the Army of Tennessee as Western men would like, 
but he writes the more about events with which lie is the more 

Careful and critical accounts are given of a iiuinber of great 
battles, including Gettysburg, tlie capture of Vicksburg, and 


the campaign that ended with the battle of Missionary Ridge. 
The most important iccord for the student of correct history 
is the battle oi Cedar Creek, October 19. 1864. fought between 
Gens. Early and Sheridan. Gen. Early, in his official report, 
claims that his victory in the .morning was turned into a de- 
feat in the afternoon by his troops stopping to plunder the cap- 
lured camps of Sheridan's men. Gen. Gordon indignantly and 
most positively denies this accusation, at the same time giving 
an eniircly difiercnt version of the fight, with evidence to 
sustain his view-s. He says: "Only the Si.xth Corps of 
Sheridan's entire force held its ground. ... It was at 
fliat time greatly outnumbered, and I had directed all the in- 
fantry under my command to assail in front and on both 
llanks simultaneously, and Col. T. H. Carter, chief of artil- 
lery, to open on it with all of his guns and those wc had cap- 
tured. After looking at the situation, he remarked: "General, 
j'ou will need no infantry. With enfilade fire from my bat- 
teries I will destroy that corps in twenty minutes.' At this 
moment Gen. Early came upon the field and said, 'Well, Gor- 
don, this is glory enough for one day;' to which I replied, 
"It is very well so far, but wc have one more blow to strike, 
and then there will not be left an organized company in Sheri- 
dan's army;' to which he replied, 'No use in that; they will 
all go directly.' " 

Gen. Gordon remonstrated, but to no purpose. 1 he Si.vth 
Corps did not go, and it was on this corps as a nucleus thai 
Sheridan, when he arrived on the field, rallied and reorgan- 
ized his defeated ai my and beat Early from the field. 

■J'his book is supplied by the V'eter.^n. See notice elsewhere. 

"My Moving Ient," isv a Woman uv the Si.xties. 

Confederates and their friends are commended to "My 
Moving Tent," by Mrs. Sue F. Mtxiney, a native of Mur- 
freesboro, Tenn., where her father, lion. John E. Dromgoole, 
was conspicuous for his kindness to Confederates, sick, wound- 
ed, and in prison. The book, while embodying the experi- 
ences of the wife of a Methodist minister for almost half a 
century, is a memorial to those who have made the pilgrimage 
pleasant, a thing of joy in the retrospect. 

The review is almost a vitagraph of men— politicians, 
preachers, teachers — and women. 

The book includes the period of the War between the States, 
when there was much moving of tents — when there were tents 
—and these movements are followed with increasing interest 
till the final tragedy, when our flag was furled forever, but 
enshrined in the affections of every sad survivor. 

These Confederate chronicles will be read with emotion by 
those of whom she says with emphasis "that no such army as 
tlie Southern [the Confederate] was ever marshaled." 

The period of reconstruction, the changing of the old order 
and adjustment to the neware vividly portrayed without the least 
element of sensationalism, and in the whole book there is no 
expression of bitterness. The work of chaplains and of mis- 
sionary chaplains in the .Army of Tennessee is of much value. 
Mrs. Mooncy has given us the minutes of the association, 
her Imsband ha\ing been its secretary. Rev. Mr. Mooney has 
just closed his fifty-fourth year as an active minister in the 
Methodist itinerant ranks, having been a mcmlwr for thirty- 
seven years of the Tennessee Conference, three years of the 
St. Louis Conference, and for fourteen years of the Memphis 
Conference, in which "the moving tent" is now pitched. 

The book is published by the ]Methodi9t Publishing House, 
Nashville, Temi. Pp., 300: price. $1. 

Henderson's Life of T. J. Jackson with the \'eter\x, $4. .^5. 
Two Wars, by Gen. S. G. French, and the N'eteran 1 yr., $2.50. 


Qoofederat(^ Uet-erarp, 

5 K..*-Z^—- « .«s.f5^i * 

iiiiTT.^prTiiiKiP-^'^' I 

_ t 



Work on the building was begun the first day of the first 
month of the century, and was completed August 20, 1903. 
The structure is 402 feet long, 225 feet wide, and the dome i-; 
180 feet high. The aggregate cost was $1,093,641. The legis- 
lative halls are located in the two extremes. Self-winding 
electric clocks are supplied in every office and public room. 
There are 750 incandescent liglits in the central dome and 
rotunda, and 4,000 other similar lights in the building. Tlic 
Governor's reception room is finished in Numidian marbl.-. 
The cost of the marble in the building was $101,000, and of 
the '"Bedford" limestone $212,000. The cost of the electric and 
gas light fixtures in the building was $15,000. There are mar- 
ble mosaic floors in the legislative halls, the Governor's re- 
ception room, the Supreme Court room, the State Library, 
the corridors, and lobbies. 

An eagle made of copper wiih a heavy coating of pure gold 
leaf, eight feet high and fifteen feet from tip to tip of wings, 
surmounts the dome of the magnificent building. 

'Apfrgvf.d— John McRo.^^•."— The New York Tribune iclls 
of an "old Washington gentleman who overheard President 
Lincoln tell this story: 

"Durmg one of his busy reception hi.urs, when the President 
was talking first to one, then to another, of the many who 
filled the room at the White House, a gentleman asked if any 
news had been received from John Morgan, whose Confed 
erate cavalry were raiding Kentucky and Ohio. 

'"We'll catch John some of these days,' replied Lincoln. '1 
admire him, for he is a bold operator. He always goes aflcf 
the mail trains in order to get information from Washington 
On his last raid he opened some mail bags and took possession 
of the official corre-^pondence. One letter was from the War 
Department to a lieutenant in Grant's army. It contained a 
captain's commission for him. Right under the signature of 
A. Lincoln the audacious Morgan wrote 'Approved— Jnlm 
Morgan.' and sent the cnmniission on its way.'" 

In March, 1863, when only fifteen years old. Comrade 
Coley joined the Tenth Tennessee Cavalry, then of Starnes's 
Brigade, but afterwards commanded by Gen. Dibrell under 

wc ^ £ 

Forrest. He served as courier until tlie army fell back tr> 
Chattanooga. .At Chickamauga he received his first wound 
during a charge with his regiment, near Gordon's Mill, on a 
Federal battery. He afterwards was attached to Long- 
street's command, and served with it for eight months; but 
was transferred back to the Army of Tennessee, which he 
joined at Dalton, a'nd participated in all the battles of John- 
ston's army from Dalton to Atlanta. He served in the 
Tennessee campaign, was in the battles of Franklin and 
Nashville, and surrendered, under Forrest, at Gainesville, 

Ala., in 1865. 

Since the war. Com- 
rade Coley, while suc- 
cessful in business, he 
has never permitted his 
laisiness affairs to less- 
en his enthusiasm or 
abate his love and ad- 
miration for his old 
army comrades and 
Iriends. He was chief- 
'y instrumental in or- 
ganizing recently Biv- 
luiac No. 39 and Camp 
\'o. 1443, of wliich he 
was chosen President, 
and having them named 
in honor of his old 
comrade, Capt. John 
W. Morton, chief of 
Forrest's Artillery. 
Comrade Coley's fam- 
ily consists of two 
accomplish'. li dau.sliters and an only son, Robert Lee. 

One of the most delightful parts of any journey from the 
Suuth to Washington and the East is by the Richmond, Fred- 
ericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. While the system is under 
a combined management, the same heads conducting its busi- 
ness for many years are still in charge, and matters are so 
systematized that the large increase of'its business does not 
interfere with its prompt service, 

W. 11. COLKV. 

(^oijfederat^ l/eterar?, 

AsthmA BUffererB need no longer leave home fliid husi- 
BWi in order to be cured. Nature has produced a vegeta- 
ble remedy that will permanently cure Aethma ni.d all 
dieeases of the lunge and hrnnchial tuhea. Having It-sled 
its wonderful curative powers in thousauds of cases iwith 
» record of 90 per cent permanently cured), and desiring 
to relieTft human sutTering, I will send free of charge to 
all sufferers fi-om Aethma, Consumption. Catarrh, JJronchi- 
tis, and nervous diseases this recipe in German, French, or 
English, with full directions for preparing and using. 
Bent hy mail. Address, with stamp, nsming thia piiper, 
W. A. Noyes, 847 F'owers' Block, Rocheeter, N. T. 

■ M.\SON. 


Mr. Mason was a member of tlie Vir- 
ginia Legislature from 1826 to 1832. 
In United Slates Congress, 18.^7-39; 
L'nitetl States Senate, 1847-61. He was 
tlie author of the Fugitive Slave Law of 
1850; appointed Confederate Commis- 
sioner to England, 1861, serving until 

His corres|)ondencc willi the govern- 
iiKu at Richmond gives much interest- 
ing information not published before. 
C^riginal dispatches given hero afTord 
aiithentii accounts of facts often mis- 
represented: views of Members of Par- 
liament on blockade and recognition; 
Mr. Lindsay's interview with the I'rench 
Emperor; visit of M. Mercier to Rich- 
mond a mystery; Emperor favors rcc- 
ogniticin. but will not act alone; cot- 
ton famine in England; Slideil m.ikcs 
formal demand for recognition in ihj 
ciiiiHror; Mason makes the same on 
Lord Russell, which is refused, Presi- 
tU nt Davis on the attitude of the British 
Ministry: English scheme to raise mon- 
1 y on cotton; French proposal 'or loan; 
ICngland determined to risk no tro'.ib'e 
with the United States; success of 
Confederate loan; Seward's admission 
that tho "Mallnry Report" was a for- 
gery; additional forgery hy United 
States governnunt; popular scntinitnt 
in England s;rongly with the South; 
fight between -Alabama and Kearsage; 
St. Albans Raid; letter from Bennelt 
Young: vindication of right to self- 
government the sole objtcl of the 
South; Hon. D. V. Kcniur sent with 
special instructions to the commission- 
ers to ascertain whether any concessions 
regarding slavery would securt; recog- 
nition; Mason's conversation with Lord 
Donoughmore and Lord I'almerston on 
this subject; the Hampton Ro;ids Con- 
ference. 1865; assassination of Presi- 


I Best t"«>u((h 8ynip. Tostos (Jix>d. U»o 
In time. ^Id by drusKlsts. 


dent Lincoln; Mason's denial of Stan- 
ton's charge of Confederate conspiracy. 
This book will shortly be ready for 
delivery. Orders can be sent to the 
author. Miss Virginia Mason, Char- 
lottesville, Va.. The Stone Printing and 
Manufacturing Company, Roanoke, 
Va.. or to book stores. Cloth, $3.50; 
half library, $4; library, $5.50. 

R. J. Neely, Paris, Ky., wants a few 
genuine Confederate buttons. He would 
like to have two or three from each of 
the original Southern States. He also 
wants an oval C. S. A. belt buckle or 
clasp, and a Confederate cap that was 

A Standard 

Agents of either se.\ should to-day 
write Marsh Mamifacturing Co., 538 
Lake Street, Chicago, for cuts and par- 
ticulars of their handsome Aliiininnm 
Cud Cii.w with your name engraved on 
it and filled with one hundred calling 
or business cards. Everybody orders 
them. Sample case "and one hundred 
cards, postpaid, forty cents. This case 
and one hundred cards retail at seventy- 
fix e cents. You have only to show sample 
to secure au order. Send forty cents in 
stamps at once for case and one hun- 
dred cards before some one Rets aliead 
111 \'on. 

W. H. Kearney, of Trezevant, Tcnn., 
writes that Company L, of the Sixth 
renncssee Regiment, wants to have a 
reunion in Jackson, Tenn., in .August, 
iyo4. ami it is hoped that all survivors 
will make an eflort to attend. 

Mrs. .\viminta McClellaii laulman, 
Hubbard City, Tex., desires to corre- 
spond with members of Company F, 
Twenty-Eighth Louisiana Volunteers, of | 
which her father, James W. McClcIlan, 1 
was a member, and especially with Capt. 1 
Bradford. The address of Hon. Wil- 
liam McLcllan Fayssou.x is also desired. 

Household Remedy 
For 20 Years 


Wounds, Burns, 
Sprains, Colic, 
Headache and 

All Druggisls or 
Sample Bottle 
Mailed 10 Cents. 



worn during the war. Persons having 
these or other Confederate relics they 
are willing to part with will please com- 
municate with the' above. 

Enameled Kettle 

Kiiiir Si,-,.^. f,. s. III ,,„,! 1^. ,.,,( 
Auents-iell Sti. ;l(l a .l.n ; one 
sold 477 in small town 'liinther 
Fadt Sellers. $2.00 OtJTFIT 
FREE TO AGENTS, "nie m-dsr. 
«'. S. llllltNKIf >1K«;. <■«. 
II . I Penn ire., I'lTrSKI Uli, I'i 

W. S. Grant, of Pottsboro, Tex., was 
a member of Company B, Fifth Arkansas 
Regiment of Infantry, Cleburne's Divi- 
sion, and would like to hear "from any 
other surviving member 'of that coni- 

f WiLL GIVE YOU " »''^'"^« fihiok 



Just write niG ten niimes of spectarlo wi'im-rs and I will do this:— First I will mail 
Tou my perfiM't Uoine Kyc Tester Free. 'I'lien uiHer you have seiii me your lest) 1 will 
mail you a full JS.ftU family set of spectacles iwliicii will wear yourself and family a iife- 
tiniei for only fl.Oll— and with this I will also send a Handsome Kctlled Gold I'uir Free. My 
^ regular price for this full family set of spectacles is f2.5U and your bome dealers are charKinic 
from $2.50 to f^OO a pnlr for them, wblch would make this set cost you about $IU.U) it yovi bought 
them from your home merchant. T am really Klving away the m l»ole set free (the dollar I will ask you 
to send mo with yourlest is only to pay for this announcement). I am doinc this for a short time 
JV" n' ^^^ ''* provo to you and all other spectacle wearers in the United States that my spectacles— 
the i>r. Haux "Famous Perfect." Vision Spectacles— are the most perfect tlttinjr. clearest and the best 
that money can buy. and I'll plve you your dollar back and let you keep the spectacles also If you 
yourHt'lf don't say they arc the best and tinest you have ever bought at anv price. Address- 
NOTE.— The above is the largest spectacle house in the United Stales and Is thoroughly reliable. 

Qoi>federate Ueteraij. 




Onty 40 Hours from J^eta Orhans 

Across the Gulf of Mexico, via the Palatial Passenger Steamers of the 

$mmw PaciiiG hmmm une. 

SJ .VSliT UOI ili 

Sailings EVERY SATURDAY at 2 o'clock p m. 
Tickets good for Sixty Days. 



Write for the 

Southern Pacific's Illustrated Steamship Folder and Guide to New York, 
New Orleans, and Havana, 


(i. r. A. 

Complete information for the Sea Traveler and Tourist. 


A. I.. I'. A. 


Do You Know 

That OklahomaL lias raised more wheat per acre for 

the past ten years than any of the famed Northwestern 

whc;il States — 
That Oklahoma, raises the corn of Iowa, Illinois, and 

Ncliraska — 
That Oklahoma, stands at the head in the quality and 

yieki of her cotton — 
That Oklahoma, excels in the production and quality of 

oals, harley, rye, and almost every variety of fruits and 

vegL-lahlcs — 
That Oklahoma, has an ideal climate? 

See for Yourself! 

For the Round Trip, 

Orve Fare 
plus $2.00 

First and Third Tues- 
days of each month ! 

GEO. H. LEE, G. P. A., Little Rock, Ark. 
FRANK M. GRIFFITH, T. P. A., Memphis, Tenn. 



"'^'ToLh.v Land Warrants 

Issued to soldiers of any war. Also Soldiers* Ad- 
ditional Homestead Rights. Write me at once. 
FRANK H. REGER, Barth Block. Denver. Col. 


r^f^SPECTICLES f^rX^'iH^i 

^ylre you Goin^ 





South and East. 

Superb Traiins! 

Pullman Dr&wing-Koom Sleepers! 

Comfortable ThurougKfkre Cars! 

C&fe Dining C&rs! 

For information as to rates, reserva- 
tions, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent or 


ALl.-iiitu, Ga. 

CKftxles B. R.ya.n, W. E. CKrisli&.n. 
G !■. A.. A. U. 1*. A., 




Santa Fe 

^ w 


Ga.lvestoi\, and Points 
South, E&st, and 
West. ^ ^ Equip- 
ment, Service, and Cui- 
sine unsurpsLSsed. ^ 

W. S. KEENAN, C. P. A., 
Galvesion, Tex. 


Q09federate l/eterai). 

I Richmond^ 

Fredericksburg, & 
Potomac R, R. 


Southern Railway, 


Tlu> I.lnk ConiK-clirij; the 



.11 All T'liinls vi.i Tliilim 

Fast Mail, Passenger, Express, and Freight Route 


Richmond, Washington. Baltimore, 

Philadelphia, New York. Boston, Pittsburg. 

Buffalo, and All Points North. South, 

East, and West. 

W. D. DUKE, C. W. GULP, 

General Manager. Assistant General Manager. 

W. P. TAYLOR, TraHic Manaoar. 

If You Are Sick Cheap Rates Southwest. 

tlie cause of your tmul'Ie probalilv lies in voiir 
stomach, liver, kidneys, or bowels. 'It is no px;ig- 
fjeration to sav that nine-leiillis of the sickness of 
tliis world is causeil tiy some flfrannemtnt of these 
origans. Where there is good diijestioii, a'tive 
liver, sound kidnevs. and prompt bowels, disease 
cannot exist. The secr<'t of tlie wonderful success 
invariably achieved bv V'ernal Saw Palmetto Berrv 
Wine lies in the fact that it acts directly upon these 

Unlike most manufacturers of proprietary rem- 
edies, the Vernal H«-niedy Co. do not ask vou to 
purchase their medicine until vou have tried it. 
I'hev Iiave so much contider-ce in their remedy that 
tliey will send al'sohitelv free, bv mail, postpaid, a 
sample bottle that you can test and Irv at home. 
No money is wanted; simply send thenia postal. 

Vou don't have Ut coniinuaUv dose yourself with 
nietlicineif you use the \'ernalSaw Palmetto ^errv 
Wine. Only one dose a day does the work, antf, 
instead of havinjT to incre.ise the dose to get the 
desired effect, ^■>u reduce it. No remedy like it ever been placed on tlie market; and if vou 
sviffer frtJin iniii:;estion. rtatulence, constipation, or 
any form of kidney trouble, vou should ntt delav, 
but write at once for a s.imnle of this trulv remark- 
able remedy. Address \ ernal Remedy Co., 03 
Seneci nnihlinC. Buffalo, N. V. 










Gen'l Passr and Ticket Aoemt. 

Dallas. Tex«» 

When wrltin,^ to advertisers mention Veteran. 

Southeast Missouri, Arliansas, 
Louisiana, and Texas. 


Here's your chance. Very low one- 
way and round-trip rates Southwest this 
winter— about Iialf the regular fare- 
twice .1 iiiorith. Xiar-by dates are 
January 5. 19. ami IVbruary .3. 16, 1904. 
Good time to visit Missouri, 
.Arkansas, Louisiana, or Texas, and pick 
out a localii 11. 

Round-trip tickets permit stop-over on 
the going trip ; return limit, twenty-one 
days. Write and tell us your starting 
point and where you want to go. We 
will tell you exactly what your ticket 
will cost, one way or round trip. We 
will see that your baggage is checked, 
and that you are comfortably located on 
the right train. Write for our illustrated 
descriptive literature, maps, lists of real 
estate agents, and let us help you find 
a better home in the country along the 
Cotton Belt Route. Write to-day to 
W. G. Adams, T. P. A., Cotton Belt 
Route, Nashville, Tenn., or E. W. La 
Bcaume, G. P. & T. A., Cotton Belt 
Route. St. Louis. Mo. 


.\tlanta and West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of Alabama. 

Transcontinental Lines 
Fast Mail Route 

Operating the fastest scheduled train 
in the South. To 


and all Southwestern points. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullman 
and tourist sleeping cars. For special 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad- 

J. B. Heyward, 0. P. A., 

Atlanta, 6a. 


(^or^federat^ l/eterai}, 

A Bath 



Allen's Fountain Brush and Bath Outfit 

KrU-llon, S»M>w*T and Mii84H»;e t ombln«'<1 

TLo oiilj S»iiU«r) K»ui hrufli lli«i ot oni< oi..riitl"ii 
tb .rouRhly clcaniK** the pkln. Impurtlnn a bi'iillliy 
ton* »nd trlow, and puts on*- In a coitdlilnn to m*>^l 
ooldi, la-Kiii(i'« and all contnKl""^ slid lurt-ctioiiH dti*- 
Lwa FurnUhl'd I'UlH-r fur b«lh tub conmrtlnn. or 
-Itb our fountain and Hafily I'ortabie f loor Mat. Kn- 
abUi« OM to Uke a prfect tpruy and frl< llonal bntb 
In any room. With tbu outnt one of 
thr bath room, an a bentr bilh ciin be taken althtwo 
uoaru of w«t«r, than wliha tiiMuU theold»ay. In. 
.ur«i a dear ccmplejlcn. brlcht e.ves Tu,y cb.eks, 
chM^rfnlaplrlU. ...und ^l.■ep. Sho.ild be In every homi. 
and .»erT traveUrs trunk or ^Ip. tull outlHJ-o. 
t ooMl»ting of K"UOtalnBrui!h; combination rublnr 
hot water ban; bath fountain and ojrlngc andoalety 
mat. Price K.M 

AfcniS „nit« Uio outais. 8«>l tot fkei 

Mki*l, 'Tt* bctmc* of tbo B»ib." pricw Mid t«nna 

THE ALLE.N MAMFACTIRING CO, 13i Erie St.. Toledo. 0. 



Atlantic Coast Line 


and Ctibcs,^ 


This heauliful State ami island have 
been brought within easy reach by the 
splendid tlirou^;h-train service of the 
Atlantic Coast Line, the ijreat thor- 
iiutliifare to the tropics. 

Winter Tourist Tickets 

now on sale to all points in 


For rates, schedules, niajis. slecpitijj 
car and steamship accommodations ap- 
ply to 

W. J. CRAIG, General Passenger A/(ei\l, 



%lf ^9 furnlnh ti.e work and teach : 

<he locility nhereynu Inc. Si.-nd ii» jour adtlreti atiii we will 
4K|>lain the huamcsi fully, rcmeniher we yuaraolvi- a cIpnrproDt 
o($3f<>r every day • w.>rk. al'solutelv sur- \\ ritf ntori'o. 

ItUVALniMK&iTlltlNUCO., Buz |039i UeCoK, llkti. 

SonH 111 your addresf 
li I wc willth'jw yoii 
hi>w tuniake f Jad.iy 
alisuluti-1) Rure; wa 
work and teach y-'U froo, y<>u wurk in 

t^]f^ Q Chalnoffl 

D U o^''" "*"'*' 

I Chalnof9Co1Ieee80wiie(1Vyt>uiln«ii 

1 indors.-d by business men. 

C«shier5<>f Banks arc oa 

t>ur Hoard o( Director-*. Uur <liplonia means 
•-onjrihin^r. Kntor any lime. Positiinis secaretl 

i Draughon's ^ -^^ ? 

J Practical... 
J Business... 

(Incorix), Capital si.ick SiaxviH"'.) 
Nashville, Tenn. (J Atlanta, Oa. 
Ft. Worth, Icxas, e Montgomery, ftia 

St Louis. Md , Galveston, Texas, 

LIt'.le Rock. Ark. A Shreveport, La. 

I'or ISOp.iirecatalopuo address pUbcr place. 
If yoa proftT, ni.ty pay tuition out of sal.irr af- 
ter course Is cotUTiletod. Guarantee trraduatef 
to v- c^Tni^eteiii or no charires for tuition. 

HO.ME STUDY: K.K>kkecjjiii(», Shorthand, 
P'*ninansliip, etc., tnuThl by itl;\il, \Vrite foi 
100 pijc BOOKLET oa Uorac Stady. Ifs Irec 



vlj Valoost& tlc"!*', from \'aldostt» via oeoryU 

^oDlhen: xA Florida Uv., from Mr.'.*-i 

via Central of (Icor-i.i Ry., froii. 


via \\ eslern and Ailantic U. It.., from 



ashvillf, Chattanoog^a, arui Si. 
arriving at 

ST. LOUIS< Nashvillf, Chaltimoot^a, arui Si. Lxjvit Kj 
arriving at 


over trie Illinois Ci-n'r;:' l\. R. fron: Mi-riin, Tent 




Ticket apents of the Jacksonville-Sl. Louis anC 
Chicaijo kine, and aj^entt of connecting Hnef li 
Filorlda and the Southeast, wili yive you full in 
tomiatlon as to schedules of mi.' donlile dally serv- 
ice to St. Louis, Chicaj^o, and the Northwest, and 
ol train time of linr? connecting. They will alsc 
sell you tickets and advise you as to rates* 

F. D, MILLER, - • Atlanta, Ga. 

Traveling Passenger Agent I. C. R. R. 
WM. SMnajR., - • Nasiiviij.e,Tkwn^ 

Commercial AgenU 



L. & N.. E. & T. H, and C. & E. I. 

2Vostlbuled Through Trains Daily /^ 


0. H. HILLMAN, 0. P A.. S. L ROGERS, Gen. Aft 

Southern Railway 

7,814 Kiles. One Managemeot. 

Peuetrattnc teu Suutliem 8tite«. Beseklu 

Piiucipal Clclea of llic boutti wilk 

lt« Otrn Lines. 

Solid Vestibuled Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment 
Fast Schedules. 

DINIHO CARS "re opernlrd on Sontbvm 

llHilway IralDS. 

OBSERITATIONCARS "" W«i.hlnirt<m •■4 

Roullitresiem Vcati- 

bu'ed Lintil.e*i, nod \Vn-«t]ln/ion asd ^^-s| 
tauoogs UmlLed ria Lyuchl^urg. 


of Uia isLcst paticro on &U tkrou^ 

QemeTAl Paaeenger A^t., Washlngtom, D. Ob 

AsaS. Qcn'liPaa*. KfU, Chattanooss, 

TrsTeUng PaM. Agt., CiialUnooga, 



Bond Building, WasKineton. D. C. 

P;itcnls:m(lTr:uIe-M;irlis securcti in the Ignited 
Stales :uul Foreign Countries. l*am]>lilet of In- 
fclructions furnished free on .iiijilication. 

Qopfedcrate l/eterai?. 


Without takinij medicine. Tried and heartily indorsed. A medical discover^' which is revolu- 
tionizing the treatment of rheumatism. It is the 

James Henry Medicated Belt. 

It Cure^ 'Rheumatism ^COithout TaKjng Medicine. 

It consists simply cf a IilU with certain metlicims (^iiiltcd within it, which is worn around ihe waist, anti is not in any way annoy- 
ing. The medical qualities are absorbed by the body, and (jiiick relief follows. Wonderful results have been cffecred, as the testimonials 
followin<; show. This remedy is a boon to luimanity, for it iirinj:;s safe and speedy relief from liie pains of one of the nio>t dreadful maladies. 
The stoniacli cannot stand medicine that is jiowtrful cnoui::h to eradicate uric acid, liierefore treatment by absorption is the only sure cure. 

As a ))reventive, wear the belt one week in each montli from October to May. If you are subject to rlieumatic attacks, why not wear 
one of the belts as a jircventive? It may keep you from suHfcring from that terrible disease; and just think, it costs only ^2, just the 
price of one visit from your doctor! 

Nashville, Tenn. 


I bouk:ht one nf tlic Henry Medicated Rheu- 

ma.tic Belts, ;iiid. aflor \vc:iritit: it tor llircf il:i\^. it n- 
licvcd inc of a vrry srvore att.ick of rlumm.ilism of Iwo 
months' duratiun. in which I sutlcrrd tintnid nt^ony. I 
can say thai I consider it the most wonderful rheumatic 
cure extant. 'I". R. EASTIN, 

Shoe Merchant. 

Nashville. Tenn. 
In preference to taking medicine internally, and bcinK 
familiar with the medicine used in the JoLines Henry 
Bell and its action. 1 used the belt myself with gfod 
results in rheumatism. \V. J. Sneed, M.D, 

Nashville, Tenn. 
My wife been a sufferer from rheumatism and ex- 
treme nervousness for the past two years. After wear- 
ing the Medica.1ed Belt for a short time, she found 
felicf from bmh troubles. I, clan LANhts. 

With I.aiidis nankinj; Cn. 

I"or nervousness ;iiul ceneral drl)iliH' l have tried the 

Ja.mes Henry Medicated Rheumatic Belt, and 

have found wonderful relief froii; its use. My nervous- 
ness has entirely disappeared, tny general health is good, 
and I feel like an entirely different man. I have advised 
several of my friends to try this remedy, and they have 
done so with the same happy results. L. H. Davis, 
Of Yarbrough & Davis. 

Nashville, Tenn, 

For years I have been a sufferer from rheumatism. As 
a result, I have passed many sleepless mights, and have 
been incapacitated trom active business. My attention 

was called to the Jet.mes Henry Medicated RKeu- 

mSLtic Belt by those v ho had tried it and in ^hom I 
had treat confidence. I tried it. and am a well man. 
'Ihrec days' trial convinced mc that The result would be 
all that my friends claimed for it. My restoration from 
rheumatism has been complete. John' S. WotiD.^Ll., 

t Real Estate .\genl. 

Nashville. TE^'^^ 
The J&n\es Henry Belt relieved me of a severe 
case of rheumatism in a few days. I have gained stead- 
ily in weight since 1 began its use. Vinef Donelsok. 

I unhesitatingly recommend the JCkines Henry Ned* 
ic&.ted Belt to all who are suffering from rheumatism. 
1 had not felt well for years; since 1 began using the 
belt I have realt/.rd a marked improvement, and am sat- 
isfied it will effect a permanent cure. 

R. P. McClNNIS. 

NASH\ II. ll. Tknn. 
I commenced wearin;: a JaLmes Henry Nedic&ted 
Rheuinai.lic Bell about the first of last November, and 

was relieved entirely of all pain in less than thirty days. 
I am well for Ihc first lime in ten or twelve years. I 
think the belt is one of the wonders of ' ic age. 



Address 15 he COJ^FE^DE^AlTE VETERA JW. 

The best line to 




And all points in Indiana .' nd 





Informalioii clieerfullv furnished 
OM application at Ciiv liiket OirKc, 
" Hig Four Route," No. 259 Fourth 
Avenue, or write to S, j Gates, 
(leiieral .\i;ent, I.mnsville, K\ 


Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

iif All Kinds, 

SilK Banners, Swords, Belts. Caps. 

;iik1 .ill kiiuls (.f M lil.irv lliniipnienl 
and Society (ioods is al 

Veteran J. A. JOEL & CO., 

88 Nassau Street, New York City. 

si:\ii I'Oit riitcE LIST. 

Rife Hydraulic Engine. 

*unips \v;iti'r Ijy water imwcr. 
C";in be used \\ here livdraulio rams 
(ail. vXbsnlnie air fcctl. 
MMll iniiiip thirty feet 
lii;:li for eaeli foot of 

Every One Guaranteed. 

CHAUNcer c. foster, splcul agent, 

328 Chnreli Street, Nnsliville, •fenn. 


The New Orleans Short Line 

from all 

Eastern and Virginia Cities 

is via the 

Norfolk & Western Railway 




All informalioii clu-.'rfullv furnislied. 

I.. J, ELLIS. E. P. A., 

^oS Itroadwav, New York. 
J. K, rRINIILE, P. A., 

.V*> Hroadwav, New Vork. 
C. P. GAITIIER. X. E. A., " 

1 12 Summer St., noston, Mass. 
E. J. LOCKWOon. I". A.. 

12J0 Pa. Ave., Wasliintrton. D. C. 
C. H. ROSLEY, l>. P. A., 

8^8 Main St., Kichmond. Va. 

S?S Main St., Kiclimond. Va. 

171 Main St., Norfolk, Va. 
E. L, HAXES, C. P. A., 

720 Main St.. Lvnchbure, Va, 

720 I^Iain Street, Lvnchhurtr, Va. 
M. F. ItR.VGG, T. P. A., Koaiioke, Va. 
W. B. BliVILL, G. P. A., Koanoke, Va. 


Personal to Subscribers! 


of VH.-r.Orc i** not ncrrssar* to ooiivin<-*» you that it is tin* Ifdt reimniy in. on. or imt of thf 
t'HTth lor ailing |»t>ople. lo prori* In ynn iK»?iitively that it will pure )Our IIIi,hs it ha^s tho ills 
i>r sty many olben*. On*- nunre of llir Urv (one i>Hcka^*>) inix<*<l with a tiuart of wator, one 
nMitith'd Irmlin^iit, is all that you nood for the teit. all thi* n l>lfnrp we want toKulmiit. and 
we want to send it to you at our rink. Ynii trp lo bp tlii* Jirtir*'! One nionth'tn troatiuont 
•^ with this ntlaral reiiiril) will do for you what six months' uw of other advertise*! trt^t- 
ments <-Hunot. If it d<K\s not. you to derith*. we want nulhinir from you. 

R^eaLd Ovir SpeciaLl Offer 

77|K Hll.l. sKND to everv suljseriVMT or reader of th<* Tonkkukhatk VtrrKHA.v. o- worthy 
%%P onrsoii rt'«oiimi«*!ule<f hy a snl>s<'rilKT. a full-siz»*«l o%iv nullnr pai-ka^e of Vlta'-Ort*, 
ny nuiil. pustpHhl. sutticient for one month's treatment, to U* paid for witliiu one 
months tini«' alti-r receiitt if the n-i-eivcr «-an trtithfnlly say tlmt its use hiLS done him 
or hrr m»»re ^^oul than all the drutfs or dopesof <|uaek>^ or ijood do.toi-s or ]mt4 nt med- 
ieines he or sbe has i-ver used. Itead thw over a^rmn "Hrrtiillv. and understand that we 
ask our pay only nhi-a it him dnm' jnii iroinl. uiiil imt in'inn-. \V«' tak*- all the risk. You 
Iiavi'nothirijr to ios**. If it does not iM-nelii you. von jiay n> nothing;. Vlla-Urc is a natural, 
hard, adjimantino. roeklike sul^stanee uiinei-aV <>^'o mintHl from the ifround like ^lAtX 
mid silver, and re<piires a1:out twenty years for oxidization. It contains ire<' iron, freesul- 

)diur. and mai^nesium. and tmo paek 


No Permanent Benefit 

Vitae-Ore "Brni^j a Complete Care 

I lot'l il my duly to tell _\uii. ;iu.i nho ijie uc tier- 
id pul-ijiu. H IihC \ it'e-(.>rf I):is :i«.-ei»tti(ili>lir-il lor iih'. 
For the last twenty >e:irs I have taken a 1 kin'ls of 
iiii'dH'inf, liiii :tt int lime ree<-ivrd more than a 
sliiilit tPnipor«ry re- 
lief. Three yenr.s 
ago I took treat- 
ment from one of 
thf Ites^t doct'rs nt 
Ixupold, IndlHUa. 
He examined m<- 
and >.'ave as his 
n|<inion tlmt I h:id 
Catarrh. Hroiiehilts, 
Liver jiiid Kidney 
Troitli e. I was at 
tliat limeiak'-nMiih 
a M-vore pain In mv 
nosed as I{|n-iimai- 
ic I.innltMvo. 1 doc- 
tovf'd with liiin con- 
tiniial'yand p> rsisl- 
f n t I y I'm r ti v c 
months* lime, yet- 
ting relief f'«r only 
a very sh- r time, and gave up hope of ever ;;eL- 
ling weh ii-iiin. 

Vila>-Ore HUH recommended to me In a friend 
who ha<l used it and spi.kf (»f it very hiudilv. I pr*)- 
fiired a fnll treatment and bH;ian immedlalely to 
MX- it Hi-i-nrdinji; to din-rtjon^. As a ri stdi. my 
Mirieriiij; is now a thing "»f tlie pnst. ard my '-ni r 
IS a permanent one. ns iliis oucu rr^'d ti.'tfin 
iiioiitlis nii'K during whieh time I have lelt as will 
:iM 1 ever 'iid in my life and eoiitiniie to feel so. I 
;iin forly-lVmr years old. My wde also has reason 
I') pj-aiHc it as strongly .TF I have, she having t>tM-n 
enred by its u^e of a f^tomach Trouhle. I eonsei- 
enliousiy believe that Vita'- V're has saved my lilV. 
and eertninly will do hII in my power to bring it to 
t!ie attention ol those abonl rne. 

JOSKIMl L. MKl'MI'dl, Apalona. In<l. 

age will eiiualin nuslieinal strength 
an<i etirative value sun gallons of the 
nmst iMiwerlul. etlieaeions mineral 
water ilrnnk fresh at thesprings. It 
is a geologiejil diseovery. to whi"h 
nothing is added and fivnn whi<b 
nothing is taken. It is the nnnvel.-i 
the i-entnry tor em ing such diseasfN 
as UlieitniatUai. ItrivhlN I IsoHfie. 
Itloiiil rnKiMdii::. Henri Iroiihli-. ftiop- 
s> . I :il:irrll iiiiil lliritiit KTiTllntis. I.h • 
er, Kiilni y. ini>l HIaililer lilaieiil«, 
Miniiiif II 1111(1 I- ea)nle HUonli-rs. I.n 
(Jiipin*. Miilnriid htter. NcMttii'* l'ri'>- 
trnll o>. aim! i;rn<'ral Deliil thou- 
sands testify, anil as no one answer- 
ing this, writing lor a paekage. will 
di*ny after using. Vhip^Ore hnseure4l 
more »dironi«'. obstinate, proiionnced 
ineuraldoi-asesthan any other known 
niedieine. and will reach sneh eas4»s 
witli a more rajiifl and powerful cur- 
ative aetion than any naHlieino. eoni- 
Viinat ioii of nn-tlieines. or doctor's 
lire.serii>tion which it is possible to 

VI r.K-OUK will do the same for you 
H.S it has Un- huiulreils id readers of 
this paper, if yon will give it a trial. 
Si-n<l fm- H $1 |i'n«kiit:e at aiirrlAk. Yon 
havi- nothing to lose but the .stamp to 
answer this aninniiuement. It the 
niedi.ine does not benefit you. wrtlc 
us Ml, iin'l tliere is iki h;irni done. We 
\\:\ut no uiieN nioMi-^ Hhoin Vlta'-Ore 
ranniil heneflt. Can anything l>e 
more fair? What sensible person, no 
unit ter how jirejudiced heor she may 
be. who de.sire.s a cure and is willing 
to i)ay for it. wouhl ht>i*itate to try Vi- 
tje-t>i"e on this liberal olTer- One 
imekage is nstnilly sultieient to cure 
ordiuarv cases: two or three lor 
idinmic. obstinate cases. We uH-nn 
hist nhiit ne kii> in this annoiuice- 
"inent, and will d<l,iust what wo agree. 
Write t'Mlay for a package at our 
risk and giving age and ail- 
ments, and mention this paper, so 
we mnv know that you are entitled 
to tills "liberal offer. 

This ollVr >v . ■Iinllcnyi' the attention an 1 ronsideration, and allor- 
nanl^ the irrati/^s q ' e\ri y livin:; person ulio dcMires bettor health or 
nho suW'vrs pains, ih'^ P^ »iseases nhirh have *lelh'H the niedieal «orld 
and :rronn w<nse nith ai;f^<? ''are n<»t lor your skeptieisni, but ask 

only your in> esti^ration, an<l a. A,j • tiense, reyanlless ol" what ills you 
have, !»y sendinir to us lor a parkair*.*^ .DhUKSS 


Veteran Dept., 
Vilae-Ore BIdg.. 


Vol. 12 


No. 2 

"Confederate Veteran 





^B ^^k"^ 


H ^ 

■ ■, .'t ^' *^^^^^^^^^^^^l 


^^ ^1 

^^^^^^■fSn^^ ^^H 



arrL- ''^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 


Born in isai: Ki"«<l"»t<'t' >n !.<>-'; niiinii'il in 1854: raiitain. then lientenant 
colonel in tin' Confcdi-niti' iifiny in IWil : colonol and lirimidier Kenrral in ISiH: 
major general in 1H*»4; lientonant general in l?y'i5: I'nit^'d St«t<>.s Senator. lHT:i. 
re- leeted in ISTll: resigneil in 1SS1(; governor of bis State in ISSli: rtM-leeted in 
ISHS: I'niteil States Senator again in ISiKI: retired from p<dities in 1WI(\ The In-- 
lovitl first and only Commander of tln' I'nited Contedi'VMt.' Veterans from its 
organization nntil his deatli 




Qoofederate l/eterar), 

l ii>^iwM¥>»i^iiyi^¥>»>^iiyM»^>^^^ 

"Confederate Mining *Cc. 

TniisE Oi.» "CoxFEns" Have Struck It Rich. 

,\11 money received iov ^ale of this stock goes into 
in developing and getting out tlie ore. No fees will he 
\ iting cnlerpris-e, one based upon actual known values. 

Write for reference and descriptive booklet to 


Capital Stock - $1,000,000 
Par Value - $10 per Share 

X..« ^-Iliiit't.. tl. ;.'.,|,1.- . : ili.- ^. .mil 111 

$2 per Share. 


This stock has advanced in price loo per cent in 
one year. Ten of the richest copper claims in the 
famous mineral belt of Arizona now owned and 
being developed by t!us companv. The second 
block of stock is now being sold, and will soon be 
gone. This has proved to be a line investment. 
The stock has already doubled once in price, and 
will go higher before the next National Reunion 
in May. Secure what stock you can NOW, before 
it is too late. 

the treasury of the company and into the mine itself, 
paid to brokers or agents. This is a legitinuite and iii- 
Investigatc — then invest. 

R. W. CRABB, Treasurer, Uniontown, Ky. 

| W» W I ^ ^ ^» W»^ < ¥W»M^<¥W»M^< 

> ^/M W< ^< WWll^»>»IWt 

tshe Li^Verpool 
and London 

. . . . Ihe VOorld 


and Globe 
Insurance Co. 




_^>.['hjj , c-;in i-ei-isi the wnndfrful ciiijilivr ih»\v<'T' I'f DK. 
' ''^'M , OWKNS KIAU'IMIC ilKLT. It is lli<- jrrciiU'st 
''' liiuni|jli of iiKMlii-al M-ieure. Llie nio-i ])firt'ct ck-c- 
li'lcal liciill h ;i|>i>li:ince in tin; woiM: imlinseil hy 
tlic inosl eminent pliysici;in» jiipI rcfointiu'iiileii by 
moie tliiiii lUtv ihoii.sMinI persons \vh<> Iiiivr used It. 
Jl liniMs np Mie weak iiini lii-nUi-n <liiw(i. rcslnrcs 
yonili, c'nei};y, and aniltiiioii. It will ruv <'vi'ry 
'i-',\!^v of HhuuinatifiHi, ItacUaclie. Nrrvon-^ I>i'l)ility, 
Weak Stuniach, Catanli. Miliaria, Cmi^l ipatmn, 
Ki'lncy ;niil I.ivcr Troubles, aiui every evnienee of 
McakiioHs in men iimi \vt)meti. Jt will mit fail, it 
cannoi. fall, as it infuse'* into the w eaUeneiJ nerves 
tlie foree of life ami hlreti-rth. Vu\ il on when you 
retire; y<<u in-l up In Itie moiiiin^ feelin;:- refreflied 
iuh) vijcoi"(Ui8 and full of life. Vou feel its pood 
II III, >'jii lu _Mn tr> wear it, and every day you n^e il maUe.-i you more entliusiaB- 

, - > matter what ails you. there Is a cure for you In nature's i-eniedy — electric it v. 

It r«8t')re8 the energy and amljitwni of 'youth. Many old veterans who tliou'^lit there was no help 
lor them have been cured of old. eluont'e tnniltb-s tht-nn-li the use of our lleltH. 

Zi^'S^;:^i^^!,^{ DR, OWEN ELECTRIC BELT CO, 


eir«ctR fi' 

tic in its praise 

i ~No.H\ Gents- Belt fJ/ 




624 Olive Street, ST. LOUIS, 




To arouse interest in, and to advertise the 

this enorniovis sum will be distriltuleil. 

Full information will be sent .vou AISSO- 

I.ITKI.Y rUKK. .lust send y.nir 

iianiiMind a<ldres>i on a postal eard and 

we will send you full partieulurs 

World's Fair Contest Co., 

lOH N. SUi street 
S>t Louis, 1M<». 


NELSON'S >-* indorsed bv leadm;; business 
lirms. s ol the Mid. lie \Ve«t. l>uriii- V.m wc had 
:».')(1 ea N for sienoprraphers. liotdv keepers, etc. 
(irent many of our "tinlentH are fi'MU other busi- 
ni'ss collejres tlii"n;.'li.nil Ihe rouutiy. Kverr- 
tiling up-lo-'iate. rriieher>- an' experts. No 
Guarantee humbuK- >eiid frM irce catalogue. 

709 Elm Street, Cincinnati, O. 

**Son^s of the Confederacy and 
Plantation Melodies/* 

Conl.iinin;^ 19 Southern sonc&, words :intl music. 
Price, 50 cents. IJest collection for use in schools, 
Camps, and Chapters. Circulars and iniormation 
free. Ayjenls wnnled. Ii\'^ commission. Address 

Mrs. Albert Mitchell, Paris. Ky. 


'By ^11 Processes 

COPPER PLATE Reception and Wedding 

Cards, Society Invitations, Calling Cards, 

and Announcements. 
ST EEL DIE EMBOSSED Monograms and 

Business Stationery in the latest styles. 

lustratioe purposes — the eery best made. 

L ith eg ra p h ic 

Commercial Work, Color Posters in special 
designs for all purposes — Bivouac end Re- 
union Occasions. 

"Brandcn 'Printing Company 


Manufacturing Staltoners, 
Printers, and GeneraLl Office Outfitters 

O/io Union C^entrai 

jUife J/n 

nsurance C/o.j 


ASSETS JAN. I. 1902 

530.048, 5?2.48 

No Flucfuating Securities, 
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Ei\do\*'ments at Life 
Rates a.nd Profil-Sha.ring 
Policies Speci&.lities. 

Large and Increasing Dividends to Policy 

Desirable Contracts and Good Territory open 
for Live Agents, Address 

JAMES A. YOWELL, State Agent, 

27 and 28 Chamber of Commerce, NASHVILLE, TENN. 


322, 324, i26, 328 GREEN STREET, LOIISVIUJ:, i(Y. 


Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 

States. These monuments cost from five to thirty thousand dollars. The 

following is a partial list of monuments they have erected. To see these 
naonuments is to appreciate them. 

Cynthiana, K_v. 
Lexington, Ky. 
Louisville, K.y, 
Raleigh. N. C. 
J. C. Callioun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

Helena, Ark. 
Helena, Ark. 
Macon, Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Thomasville, Ga. 
Sparta, Ga. 

Dalton, Ga. 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Columbia, Tenn. 

Shelbvville, Tenn. 

Franklin, Tenn. 

Kentucky State Monument, 
Chickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
mauga Park, Ga. 

Winchester, Va. 

When needing first-class, plain, or artistic work made from the finest qual- 
ity of material, write them for designs and prices. 


QoQfedcrate l/eterap, 


ReminiscerYces of the Civil War. 

8vo. WITH PORTRAITS. $3.00 Net. Postage. 23 Cents. 


There is not a page in the book which 
bears the stiimp of prejudice, not a senti- 
ment which can offend any honest man. 
It is a big, brainy, full-blooded, manly 
.\merican story, passionately thrilled 
with a high spirit of American hopeful- 
ness.— S/. Paul DIffatcli. ' 


Valuable not only because the writer 
has had it in his power to furnish a j;reat 
deal of lirst-hand testimony concernini; 
important events and distinguished com- 
manders, but because the trustworthiness 
of the narrative is guaranteed by the ad- 
mirable spirit that pervades it. — Tlie JV. 

liis battle scenes are living pictures; 
his compact force of statement is remark- 
able. — Host, in />iiily Atl-'ii/isrr. 

Every American should read General 
Gordon's book. He will be a better citi- 
zen for it, and it will be a tonic to his 
patriotism. — .\''rL' }'oyk Ji-'cjtiiii^ Sun. 




Interesting from co\er to cover. — 
Louisville hvenim: I'ost. 

Altogether the most remarkable war 
book yet produced. — Smnnuali (f/ii.) 
AJot uiUiT jyr-i'S. 

General Gordon's ta tie pictures are 
grand from their very simplicity. They 
are all there — the long roll of contlict-; 
that made the names Federal and Con- 
fedtrate immortal as synonyms for the 
bravest soldiers that ever dared death. - 
A'lis/ivill, Aminrnii. 


Much of this story is more interesting 
than any novel. — A>i:oiui licpiiblican. 

I lis abounding good will to all sections 
of the Country unite in giving a personal 
character to this volume which is to be 
found in few of the records of the civil 
war — (^ in aha (. \ '<•/►.) />Vr, 

Written in the distinctively American 
s]iirit. — Sail Praiicisco C/troniilr. 


155 Fifth Avenue, NEW YORK CITY. 




















^ ^ IN PRESS. ^ <* 

... A New Book. ... 
Delightful History. 


I Life and Letters of i 
Sooltiem Secessloii. \ | Robert Lewis Dabney. D.D.,LL.D. | 








E.W. R. EWING, LL.B., 

Son ol a Late Confederate Ollker. 

Should prove of service to futurt histon'ar.s. 
— A KiTCBARV Critic. 

'^'flNIQUE, indispensable lo young or old; 
V>^ fcarlcsi. yel dignified: condmioni drawn 
from th« lol id facts of hiitof)'— facr*. too. gath- 
ered from otiicial report* ind public documenti. 
and, in miny mitancei, to be found in no other 
work. Nonh ot South, ireatlnt Ciiril War ca isei. 
Tb« "flmierant incubator;" llavery irgaliztd 
under the Ordinance ol 1787: ilavery legislation 
from Oregon lo the Carolinas: the Lincoln Re- 
publicans and their bloody sedition in Kanaai' 
tnd many other orielnal features make me work 
a valuable addition t* Southern literature. 

vcars, and 

g^'" Dr. Dabney was a conspicuous character in Sontlu-rn aff nrs for tnore than fifty ye 

^.— enjoyed a nalioiial repvilalion :is a Teacher, Thooln^jian, Preiu-lu-r, and I';itriot. —^ 

•^ Confederate Veterans and all students of Soiitlifrn ideals will lind in this vchinie a rich "^ 

^ store of information concerninj; the a»ttr-M/um social, political, and iiuiu-slrial conditions of -^ 

•^ the South, arid Dr. Dabney's letters written duriiij; the stormy days of 'fv to '6j are in them- ""^ 

^-^ selves a r6suni6 of that period and a strong vindication of the principles for which the South — *^ 

y ■ fought. Of special interest to old soldiers are his letters during the time he served us an army '.J 

^v-^ chaplain and as chief-of-staff under Stonewall JacksoM during the wonderful campaign in the -*^ 

•^ Valley of Virginia. ^Cm 

^m^ The book is a notable contribtition to the historical literature of the South, and a copy -*^ 

gp* should be in the home of every true Southerner. _«2 

S^ 600 Pagres. Cloth Binding*. $2.60 Net (add 26c for postage). "^ 

* ■" Sffid all ordfrs to ^ 


meat eioth. J JX 

300 Paiea. 

Price, $1.50. 

Advance tnltoduciory orders booked at Si 
by mail. 


«/. L. HiLL RRiNTiNG CO., 
■^^^^ RiGHMOJVD, Vn, 

I'lililisliiM-H and ltnnl<s<^llei>4, 

liiniMOND, VA. 

^^^vP^CDCf^TA PI CC atwholeeale. Send 

f fXr IvrCUIAbLtdrorcataJoK.Asrents 
il 4M^ Tl ^ CUULlBE0PTlCAliC41>.ChUacO(Ilb 

rrv>.'*'*VWVwn A ■ ff%Bk A Y..11 can ram Jfur ehMco rf « UrffP 
? TI^Tr-WT"! > I ■ A K II N "'•'"">-"' "f U"«utiru1 rtfinliim. ..r a 
<^e£^>^ > UHnUVl.ll,„.l,rMmml.>l..nrnrMllli)FO<>r 
> Ll^=^ ''^ < 1-"" 'y Hl.Mrn Nurac, Kl.vrli.i-,. (;Mld H<-vrlf.l K.lBr, MIk 
l^^'v/vv^AA^'^A>i KrliiH'' mi'l I'lsln Iftlllne tut.l. Srod V. ctam]. t-r N. w 
Sitni|.k1to<'ki>r<;piniliiP<'lir<l<>.Ulei'""il"in<'*ttali«urrLi»l Akpiih rriin|.lrip 
Uiiitli K.^rl-'lofCiknU.I^'w I-iIcm and I'lvinpinio'. H <• l.i-iiil Itii- >^ iirhl. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 


£lltervd at the post oflRce at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Oxitrlbntors are requested kO use one side of the paper, and to abbreviate 
Asnrach as practicable; these suggestions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kejit, as the Veteran cannot 
ondBrtake to return them. 

Advertising rates furnished on application. 

TT» date to a subscription is always given to the month hfjore if ends. For 
iaitanc«, If the Veteran be ordered' to begin with January, the date on mail 
yUt will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that numl er. 

Th* " civil war *' was too long ago to be called the " late " war. and when 
correspondents use that term " War between tlie States" will be substituted. 

United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacv, 

Sons or Veterans, and Other Organteatioks. 
The Veteran Is approved and Indorsed officially by a larger and i 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication In ezUUnc*. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The lirave will honor the brave, vanquished none the le«a. 

Price, $1.(X) per Year. (.Vr>T YIT 
Single Copy, 10 Cents, f * "*" -'*-^'^- 


vr„ 9 j S. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
mu. i.. I Proprietor. 


Kxtracts from the American Encyclopedic Dictionary and chief of artillery in the Seven Days' fighting. He wa^ 
others give interesting data concerning Gen. S. D. Lee, Gen. then put in command of the Fourth Virginia Cavalry, and was 
Gordon's successor as Commander in Chief of the U. C. v.: at once conspicuous in bold scouting. When the campaign 

"Lieut. Gen. Stephen D. Lee is a native of Charleston, S. C. against Pope opened, he vi-as made colonel of artillery and 

He descended from most hon- 
orable revolutionary ancestors. 
Since the Confederate war he 
lias been a distinguished citizen 
of Mississippi. He was born 
September 22, 1833. He was 
prepared in the admirable 
schools of Charleston, and en- 
tered West Point in 1850, and 
graduated in 18S4 in the class 
with J. E. B. Stuart, Custis 
Lee, Pender, Pegrani, Gracie, 
and others who were after- 
wards distinguished in the 
^ onfcdcrate service, and O. O. 
Howard, Weed, and others of 
note in the Federal armies. 
He served in the Fourth Artil- 
lery on the frontiers of Texas, 
Kansas, and Nebraska. He 
was made first lieutenant in 
1856, and in 1857 served under 
Col. Loomis against the In- 
dians in Florida. 

"On the secession of his na- 
tive State he promptly re 
signed (being then stationed at 
Fort Randal, Nebr.), and was 
made captain of South Caro- 
lina Volunteers. He steadilv 
rose from this rank through 
all the grades to that of lieu- 
tenant general, and so surrendered at the close of the war. 

"His first service in the war was as aid to Gen. Beauregard, 
being one of the two officers sent to demand the surrender of 
Fort Sumter, and, when the demand was refused, ordering 
the nearest battery to fire on the fort. He served as captain 
of a battery in the Hampton Legion, and in November, 1861, 
lie was promoted to major of artillery. He served with J. E. 
Johnston at Yorktown in the spring of 1862, and was promoted 
lieutenant colonel of artillery for gallant and meritorious serv- 
ice. He was with Whiting at Seven Pines, and was Magruder's 


put in command of a battalion 
cif twenty guns. 

"At Second Manassas he oc- 
cupied a ridge between Jack- 
•-nn's and Longstreet's posi- 
lions ; and when the enemy ad- 
vanced his heavy lines to crush 
Jackson, Lee opened on them 
with all of his guns, which lie 
handled with such terrific ef- 
fect that the slaughter was 
fearful, and the enemy's col- 
innns gave way, being cut to 
liieces, and retired. Col. Lee 
ind his battalion (consisting 
• if Rhett's South Carolina Bat- 
iiry under Lieut. William 
I'.lliott and Parker's, Eubank's, 
and Jordan's Virginia Bat- 
teries) were highly compli- 
mented in the official reports, 
and President Davis said they 
saved the day. 

"The following incident is 
told as illustrating the spirit 
of his men : When the enemy 
had charged to within a hun- 
dred yards of the guns, and 
lieen repulsed with great slaugh- 
ter by the free use of grape 
and canister, a boy of sixteen 
rushed up to Capt. W. W. Par 
ker, widely known for his piety as well as his cool courage, and 
exclaimed: 'Captain, God has given us the victory!' 'Yes, my 
son,-' was the reply, 'but go back to your gun. We shall thank 
God after a while.' And they did have afterwards a thanks- 
giving service. Gen. Lee was eminently a CTiristian soldier. 

"At Sharpsburg again Lee and his battalion were greatly dis- 
tinguished. They lost heavily, however — more than one hun- 
dred men and ninety horses out of the four batteries. Lee 
himself, it is stated, was confidentially consulted by Jackson in 
reference to a desperate move he was contemplating, and grim 


Qopfederate Ueterap. 

old Stonewall yielded to the advice of the accomplished young 

"After this campaign Lee was made brigadier general, and 
sent to command at Vicksburg, and, being a stranger to the 
State, President Davis, in a speech at Jackson, soon after took 
occasion to say of him : 'He was sent to Virginia at the be- 
ginning of the war with a little battery of three guns. With 
these he fought the Yankee gunboats, drove them oflf, and 
stripped them of their terrors. He was promoted for dis- 
tinguished services on various fields. He was finally made 
colonel of artillery, and I have reason to believe that at the 
last great conflict on the field of Manassas he served to turn 
the tide of the battle, and consummate the victory. On suc- 
ceeding fields he has won equal distinction. Though yet young, 
he has fought more battles than many officers who have lived 
to an advanced age and died in their beds. I have, therefore, 
sent Gen. Stephen D. Lee to take charge of the defense of 

"Mr. Davis continued to cherish the highest opinion of Lee, 
and is quoted as having said one day at Bcauvoir not long 
before his death, when speaking freely of his generals : 'Stephen 
D. Lee was one of the very best all-round soldiers we had. 
I tried him in artillery, and he handled his guns so superbly 
that I thought we could never spare him from that arm of 
service : I tried him in command of cavalry, and he made such 
a dashing cavalryman that I thought he was born for that 
service; and when I put him to command infantry I found him 
equally as able and accomplished in that position. He was 
a great and good soldier.' 

"Soon after he took command at Vicksburg, Gen. Sherman 
brought down 30,000 men from Memphis, and advanced by 
way of Chickasaw Bayou, where Lee was posted with only 
2,7CO men. and gave him so bloody a repulse that after losinu: 
1,700 men killed, wounded, and prisoners, Sherman retreated, 
reembarked on his transports and went back to Memphis. 

"It was a sad day for the Confederacy when Gen. J. C. 
Pemberton was put in command of Vicksburg, and there seems 
little doubt that if S. D. Lee (who greatly distinguished him- 
self at Baker's Creek, where he had three horses shot from 
under him and was slightly wounded, and in several assaults 
upon Vicksburg) had been continued in command the results 
would have been different, and if Vicksburg had fallen the 
army would have been saved. 

"After the capture of Vicksburg, on the 4th of July, Lee was 
soon exchanged and was made major general on the 3d of 
August, and assigned to the command of all the cavalry in 
Mississippi. In April, 1864, he was put in command of the 
Departmer.t of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana, and 
was soon after made lieutenant general. His force was ut- 
terly inadequate for any proper defense, but it was under his 
orders that Forrest routed Sturgis at Tishomingo Creek. 
When Gen. Sooy Smith invaded Mississippi .with 16,000, Lee 
had but 6,000 (mostly Forrest's Cavalry) witli which to meet 
him, but he did not hesitate to attack him near Pontotoc, and 
after three days of hard fighting, culminating in the battle of 
Harrisburg, one of the severest of the war, he drove the enemy 
and compelled his retreat before one-third of his numbers. 

"When Gen. Hood succeeded Gen. Johnston Lee was put 
in command of his corps, and participated in the ill-fated cam- 
paign into Tennessee. Lee commanded the rear guard on the 
retreat from Nashville, and his cool courage and skillful man- 
agement, aided by the heroic fighting of his men and by For- 
rest, saved the remnants of Hood's army. 

"He was so severely wounded in the foot that he could take 
no further part m the closing scenes of the war. 

His Life Since the War. 

"Being captured by a beautiful and accomplished Mississippi 
woman, whom he married, he located at Columbus, -Miss., and 
has taken a prominent part in the affairs of the State, being 
several times elected to the State Senate, and being a promi- 
nent member of the Constitutional Convention. He has been 
for many years President of the State Agricultural and Me- 
chanical College at Starkville, and has conducted its affairs 
with such signal ability and success that his people of Mis- 
sissippi say: 'We would make him Governor, or United States 
Senator, but we cannot afford to lose his services from the 

"Gen. Lee is a high-toned Christian gentleman, a deacon of 
the Baptist Church, widely admired and loved, and exerting 
a potent influence for good, especially among his old comrades 
and the young men of his State and the South." 



Native of Georgia, born in Stewart County, descendant of 
Virginia and North Carolina Revolutionary officers and sol- 
diers, who were descendants of immigrants from Wales, En- 
gland, and Scotland, he was educated and admitted to the bar 
from the Georgia Law School, and began practice at the begin- 
ning of the nineteenth year of his age. He received training in 
military in his youth as a member of a splendid volunteer 
company in his town o^ Lumpkin. He was elected judge of 
his county court when twenty-two years old and State Senator 
when twenty-six. He was entitled to exemption from mili- 
tary service as a Senator, but, not claiming the privilege, he 
assisted, in December, i860, in forming a military company 
for the war if the Soutli should be invaded. He was mus- 
tered into the service of the Confederacy with a company of 
the Thirty-First Georgia Regiment as a private. He was 
soon appointed major, and about six months afterwards was 
promoted to colonel of the regiment and attached to Lawton's 
Brigade, afterwards Gordon's and then Evans's Brigade. This 
brigade was in the division and corps of Stonewall Jackson. 
Evans served with this brigade in all the campaigns of Vir- 
ginia to .Vpponiattox. During tliis constant service b* was 
wounded at the first Cold Harbor battle, at Gettysburg, and 
the battle of Monocacy very severely, and slightly in the battle 
of the Wilderness. He was made brigadier general for services 
at Spottsylvania and in the battle of May 12, 1864. He suc- 
ceeded Gordon as commander of the brigade and afterwards 
to command of the division. 

He commanded Lawton's Brigade in the charge of Early's 
Division at Fredericksburg December 13, 1862. He led his 
regiment, which was the advanced command in the successful 
charge of Gordon's Brigade, to take Marye's Heights. He 
commanded the division at the battle of Morton's Ford, driv- 
ing Gen. Hayes back across the Rapidan and winning a letter 
of special cumniendatinn from Gen. Ewell, who was com- 
iranding the corps. . • 

He was intimately the close supporter of (Jen. Gordon in 
his many successful fights, always believing strongly in (Jor- 
don's great military ability. He was with Gordon in the early 
morning assault on Sheridan's army at Cedar Creek, in which 
such brilliant success was gained, commanding at that time 
the brigade on the right and making the opening charge. 

When Gordon was promoted to command the corps, he arose 
to the command of the division, and at the close of the sum- 
mer campaign of 1864 occupied the right of Lee's army near 
Hatcher's Run, and then in the trenches at Petersburg. He 

Confederate \/eteraF>. 


was among the first to cross with his division the enemy's 
breastworks in the famous assault on Fort Stedman. He 
commanded his division in many attacks made on the rear of 
Lee's army during the retreat from Petersburg. He led his 
division at Appomattox in a charge after the surrender (not 
having notice of the surrender at the time), capturing two 
guns and seventy-eight prisoners. 

Seeing the necessity of keeping up tlie comradeship of Con- 
federate soldiers, he joined in the forming of the first Con- 
federate Associations, which were substituted by the Con- 
federation of United Confederate Veterans. The U. C. V. 
was suggested at New Orleans in 1889, organized in 1890 at 
Chattanooga, under which at first he was for a short time 
adjutant general and chief of staff. However, he was soon 
made Commander of the Georgia Division, and has been re- 
tained in that high position until now, always attending re- 
unions and feeling great interest in all Confederate affairs. 
By the vacancy created by the death of Gen. Gordon, Gen. 
S. D. Lee became General Commanding the Association, and 
Gen. Evans became Lieutenant General Commanding the Army 
of the Tennessee Department. 

Gen. Evans now becomes Chairman of the History Com- 
mittee, and is President of the Confederate Memorial Asso- 
ciation. He has made numerous addresses on various phases 
of the Confederate war at Birmingham, Nashville, Charleston, 
and Richmond, which were pulilishcd at the time. He speaks 
every year by invitation at some place in Georgia, but his most 

extensive service was rendered as author and editor of a work 
of twelve volumes called ''Confederate Military History." 

Gen. Evans was very intimately associated with Gen. Gor- 
don. Back in the sixties they held conferences in the midst 
of active campaigns and pending battles ; and they penetrated 
alone twice, the enemy's line to find a place to make an at- 
tack. They viewed together the enemy's position at Cedar 
Creek, and decided to report to Early the advantages of an 
attack, also our conference on my line at the point where the 
attack was to be made at Fort Stedman ; and Gen. Gordon 
visited him when under the surgeon's hand after Monocacy. 
in addition to numberless other little incidents in camp ani' 


Gen. 'William. E. Mickle sends extracts from the minutes o) 
the New Orleans reunion of 190,3, in which the subject of 
econoiriizing expenses at Confederate reunions was discussed, 
and a resolution was offered by William H. Mayo, of St. 
Louis, Mo. : 

"Whereas the increasing expenditures made by the citizens 
who have invited the annual reunion to be held in their cities 
have a tendency to deter other communities from tendering 
invitations for the future sessions, and it has become desirable 
that some expression of opinion shall be made by this body; 
therefore be it 

"Rcsoh-fci, That the Confederate Veterans give notice that 
they will ndt expect from their future hosts the splendid and 
lavish hospitality which has been poured out by New Orleans 
at this session and heretofore by other cities. All provisions 
which may he made for the entertainment of veterans will be 
clieerfully accepted, but in matters of decoration and expendi- 
tures not absolutely necessary we urge the great virtue of 

Gen. Bennett H. Young, the Commander of the Kentucky 
Division, U. C. V., came to the front of the stage and, in his 
big-hearted way, said: "My comrades, if you come to Louis- 
ville, you will be entertained as you have never been before. 
Our people would net consent to any limit being placed on 
ilicir respect and admiration for this great body." 

Gen. Stephen D. Lee, at that time Commander of the Army 
of Tennessee Department, then said that "there was a growing 
sentiment that this organization was getting top-heavy, and 
that there was too much of the spectacular. In 1892, when we 
met in this city. Washington Artillery Hall was not one-half 
full. Now the great expanse of the Fair Grounds is hardly 
sufficient to hold them. Our record should be clear on that 
one point. We do not want to impose burdens which would 
make other cities hesitate to invite us." 

Gen. J. B. Gordon wrote from Berlin Mills, N. H., Decem- 
ber I, 1903 (his last letter to the editor of the Veteran) : 

"My Dear Major: Yours of November 21 just received. I 
am glad to know that Nashville has consented to receive us 
again next year. ... I like your suggestion of cutting 
down the expense of these entertainments, and agree with 
you fully that we ought to bring the expense within the ability 
of a larger part of our cities, so that they might feel inclined 
to take care of us." 


Gen. J. B. Gordon's Rank, C. S. A. — On October 23, 1899, 
Gen. Gordon wrote the Veteran as follows : "I was informed 
by Gen, Breckinridge, Secretary of War, while my corps was 
at Petersburg, that I had been made a lieutenant general. Like 
a great many other cases at that period of the war, my com- 
mission never reached me. I was, however, accorded the rank 
in assignment, but was waiting for my commission to the last 
before signing officially as lieutenant general." 


QoF)federat2 Ueterap, 



• Just when the voung month of the glad new \ ear 
Over the South had stretcheil a beauteous hand 
Hat come a wail of woe, and Nature's tear 
Kow softlv falls for him, from strand to strand! 

B/ brave men honored, brave in war and peace, 

Ck>rdon! the great, the good, the true, in one! 
Out of the darkness came his sweel release, 
Boll call is over, the whi'e sleep begun — 
Dare we, with lamentations, break his rest? 
O lay the flag in silence o'er his breast! 
Now, ve who love a hero, weep, one lietli here. 

Commanding General of the Knightly Dead, 
They guard thy calm repose, the men in gray ; 

And woman's green memorials shall wreathe thy bed. 
When this rad song has, sighing, died away ! 

Yes, Gen. Gordon is dead, and the influence of his li£e 
will fade by degrees until it will only exist in a story — a sad, 
sad fact. The prolongation of his strenuous, useful days was 
a blessing to mankind. 

Gen. Gordon had his share of business reverses after war 
losses, and that hampered him in his great achievements until 
his later days. It was his blessing to give 
out in largest degree exemplification of 
the finest citizenship of the old South. 

His funeral was evidently the most 
remarkable that ever occurred in the 
Southern States save that of Jefferson' 
Davis in the ceremonies at New Orleans , 
and agam at Richmond. Atlanta has wit- 
nessed the funerals of Benjamin H. Hill, 
Henry W. Grady, Alexander H. Stephens, 
Joseph E. Brown, and other distinguished 
men; but the sentiment expressed generally on January 14, 
1904, was that no such funeral ceremony had ever occurred 
in the capital of Georgia. The day was clear, all business was 
suspended for four hours, and military bodies were so dis- 
tributed as to prevent overcrowding, and many thousands 
passed through the rotunda of the capitol to take a last look 
at the placid face of the eminent Southerner. Floral tributes 
were lavishly banked on each side of the casket and along 
the avenue for passage. 

In addition to the stream that coursed through the capitol 
during the day and a half that the body lay in state, the exten- 
sive grounds about the capitol were packed with people, :i 
mere lane through the human mass being kept open from the 
capitol to the Presbyterian church, nearly opposite, on Wash- 
ington Street. There gorgeous floral tributes were massed 
about the pulpit and to the gallery overhead. The hall of rep- 
resentatives and the church held merely small delegations of 
the thousands and thousands assembled. 

The services in both places were worthy the distinguished 
dead. A volume should be published to contain the proceed- 
ings. Ten-minute tributes were paid by Governors and other 
distinguished men from nearly all the Southern States, while 
the profoundly religious tributes in the church were all that 
devout Christians could desire. Additional tributes may bo 
expected in an early number of the Veteran. 

With all that was conceivable as worthy of being done by 
State and Church, the demonstration was greater and greatest 
in the packed hnes of people that extended for more than a 

mile on both sides of the avenue 10 the cemetery. There must 
have been fully forty thousand people out. The solemn 
grandeur of the pageant hushed all to silence, and manifest 
sorrow was universal. 

The firing of cannon at the capitol was continued every 
thirty minutes through much of the day, and military service 
at the grave added to the impressiveness of the burial. A 
Confederate battleflag was draped about the casket before be- 
ing lowered into the cold ground. 

Sketch oJ Gen. Gordon's Career. 

John Brown Gordon was born in Upson County, Ga., July 
6, 1832, of Scotch ancestry, his grandfather being one of seven 
brothers who emigrated from Scotland previous to the Revo- 
lutionary war, in which they all took part in behalf of the 
colonies. The grandfather made his home in Wilkes County, 
X. C, whence Rev. Zachariah H. Gordon, father of Gen. Gor- 
don, removed to Georgia. Young Gordon was graduated in 
1852 from the Georgia State University, and a few months 
later was admitted to the practice of law. 

In September of 1854 he was married to Miss Fanny Haral- 
son, daughter of Gen. Hugh A. Haralson, of LaGrange, Ga. 
The wedding occurred on her seventeenth birthday, when he 
was but twenty-two. 

Interested in some coal lands in North Georgia, John B. 
Gordon was giving his personal attention to the development 
of this property when Sumter was fired upon. Two sons had 
been born to him, and he was tested by the struggle between 
devotion and duty to his family and to his country. Early in 
1861 he organized a company of the stalwart mountaineers of 
that section, was elected captain, and under the euphonious 

name of "Raccoon Roughs" they were mustered into the Con- 
federate service. Through promotion he rose to major and 
then to lieutenant colonel of the Sixth Alabama in December 
of that year. 

His regiment was called to Virginia, and frotn Manassas 
to Appomattox he bore a conspicuous part in making the 
glorious history of the Southern Confederacy. In the Penin- 
sula campaign he was assigned to Rodes's Brigade of D. H. 
Hill's Division, and on April 23, 1862, he was promoted to 
colonel. At the battle of Seven Pines, during the advance of 
his brigade, Rodes was severely wounded, and the command 
devolved upon Gordon as senior colonel. At Malvern Hill 
he again commanded the brigade and led it in the magnificent 
charge delivered against the Federal position by Hill's Divi- 

(Confederate Ueterap. 


Commissioned brigadier general on November i, 1862, he 
was assigned to command that splendid brigade of Georgians, 
the Thirteenth, Twenty-Sixth, Thirty-First, Thirty-Eighth, 
Sixtieth, and Sixty-First Regiments. This he commanded at 
Chancellorsville and in the Pennsylvania campaign. Again 
leading in Early's advance upon Harrisburg, Gordon reached 
the Susquehanna at VVrightsville, the most extended advance 
into the United States territory achieved in the East during 
the four years' war. Recalled on account of the concentration 
at Gettysburg, on the first day of the struggle there he par- 
ticipated prominently in the determined attack from the North, 
which drove the Federals through the town to the strong posi- 
tion that they subsequently held. During the November opera- 
tions of that year he, with his brigade, participated in the 
fighting below the Rapidan. On the memorable 5th of May, 
when Ewell's Corps struck the first blow upon the advancing 
columns of Grant in the Wilderness, Gordon's Brigade, after 
Jones had been driven back, advanced, repulsed the Federals, 
and reestablished the Confederate line. On the following day, 
in command of two brigades, he made a sudden attack at 
sunset upon Sedgwick's Corps with such gallantry that the 
enemy was driven from a large part of his works and six hun- 
dred prisoners captured, among them Gens. Seymour and 
Shaler. In the succeeding struggle at Spottsylvania C. H. 
G^. Gordon was particularly distinguished as the commander 
of Early's Division. Immediately after Johnston was over- 
whelmed by Hancock he threw his division in front of the 
victorious enemy. Gen. Lee rode up, evidently intending to 
lead the men in the charge, so imminent was the peril to the 
army. Gordon remonstrated, the men cried, "Lee to the 

rear," and one of them, seizing the General's bridle, led his 
horse back, while the charge was made with fury and the 
Federals were driven back to the base of the "Bloody Angle," 
where the fight continued furiously during the day. 

On May 14, 1864, Gordon was promoted to major general 
.ind put in command of a division composed of Evans's Georgia 
I'.rigade, Hays's and Stafford's Louisiana Brigades, and Ter- 
ry's Virginia Brigade, made up of the remnants of the old 
Sionewall Brigade and others. With this command he joined 
l;icckinridge and Early, after the battle of Cold Harbor, in 
ilic repulse of Hunter, moved to Harper's Ferry, attacked 
Maryland Heights, and at Monocacy led the attack on the 
iiLiht whicli routed Lew Wallace. After this campaign closed 
!• lore the defenses of Washington, Gordon had a prominent 
t in the figliling in the Shenandoah Valley under Early, 
1 was especially distinguished in the surprise and defeat of 
oridan's army early in the day at Cedar Creek. 
Returning to the lines before Petersburg, Gen. Gordon was 
igncd to the command of the Second Corps, A. N. V. 
In March, with about half the depicted army at his disposal, 
he made a desperate sally and captured Fort Stedman and 

parts of the line to the right and left of it, but did not have 
sufficient strength to hold the position. He held the last lines 
at Petersburg and fought with stubborn valor for every inch 
of space. He guarded the retreat from the fated city with 
stubborn resistance to the attacks of the enemy, and at Appo- 
matto.x C. H. was put in command of half of Lee's army, who 
w'ere intended to cut through Grant's line had not the surren- 
der been determined upon. In an official report of Gen. D. H. 
Hill, Gen. Gordon was designated ','the Che\alier Bayard of 
the Confederate army," an apt characterization of the brave 
and chivalrous commander. 

Gen. Gordon passed through so many battles without being 
wounded that his men possessed a sort of blind faith that he 
w'as not to be killed in battle, as evidenced by such expressions 
as "They can't hurt him ;" "He's as safe in one place as an- 
other;" "His is a charmed life." Many had fallen at his side, 
his clothing had been torn by shot and shells, but up to the 
Sharpsburg storm no wound had ever been made upon him. 
Early in tliat battle he was shot through the calf of the right 
leg, and later on higher up in the same leg, but no bones were 
broken, and he continued to move along the line and encour- 
age his men, who were firing with the coolness and precision 
of peace soldiers at target practice. Later in the day a third 
ball pierced his left arm, tearing asunder the tendons and 
mangling the flesh. When his men caught sight of the blood 
running down his fingers they pleaded with him to leave them 
and go to the rear, pledging that they would stay there and 
fight to the last, but he yielded not. A fourth ball ripped 
through his shoulder, leaving a wad of clothing in the wound. 
Although mucli weakened by these shocks and the loss of 
blood, he remembered his pledge to Gen. Lee that they would 
stay there till the battle ended or until night. He thought he 
saw his left wavering, and told Private Vickers, of Alabama, 
who volunteered to carry any order, to tell them that he was 
still on the field, and would stay there, and to remember their 
promise to Gen. Lee. Brave Vickers had gone less than fifty 
yards when he was instantly killed by a ball through his head. 
Although desperately weakened from loss of blood and scarce- 
ly able to stand. Gen. Gordon attempted to go himself, but 
had gone only a short distance when he was struck by a ball 
squarely in the face, the ball barely missing the jugular vein 
in passing out. He fell forward unconscious with his face in 
his cap, and he says he might have been smothered in his own 
blood had not some considerate Yankee previously shot a hole 
through his cap which let the blood out. This wound was so 
serious that his surgeon and devoted friend, Dr. Weatherly, 
had little hope of his recovery. Gordon said to him : "You 
think I am going to die, but I am going to get well." Long 
afterwards Dr. Weatherly admitted that this assurance was his 
first and only basis of hope. 

Mrs. Gordon, who faithfully followed her husband through 
the war, was soon sent for. The doctors were doubtful about 
the propriety of admitting her to the room, fearing the effect 
upon their patient, but he was more fearful of the effect his 
appearance would have upon her. His face was black and 
shapeless — so swollen that one eye was hidden and the other 
nearly so. His right leg and left arm and shoulder were 
bandaged and propped with pillows. He knew slie would be 
greatly shocked, and to reassure her at once he said as she 
came -in: "Here's your handsome [?] husband; been to an 
Irish wedding." Thenceforward she was at his bedside con- 
stantly, and to her devoted care was due his remarkable recov- 

When hostilities had ended, he called his heroic men about 
him and advised them to bear the trial, go home in peace, obey 


Qor^federat^ \/eterar>. 

the laws, rebuild the country, and work for its future. With 
the same policy that "peace hath her victories no less re- 
nowned than war's," he afterwards labored consistently for the 
advancement of the South in a unified country. He took a 
prominent part in the national conventions of his party from 
1866, was a candidate for Governor of Georgia in 1868, but 
was defeated. In 1873 and 1879 he was elected United States 
Senator. Resigning in 1880, he actively participated in the 
building of the Georgia Pacific Railroad. In 1886 and 1888 
he was elected Governor, and in 1890 again entered the United 
States Senate for six years' service. Then he retired from 
political activity, and was remarkably successful in presenting 
at the North as well as the South a famous historic lecture 
upon the "Last Days of the Confederacy." From the organi- 
zation of the United Confederate Veterans he held the high 
position of Commander in Chief of that great fraternal order. 
On a memorable occasion, at the Nashville reunion in 1897, 
he attempted to resign this position, as he had done repeatedly 
before, but was so enthusiastically reelected that he accepted 
the verdict as meaning that he would have to serve through 
life, which he faithfully did. 

Tribute by the Atlanta Constitution. 

"Gen. John B. Gordon was the beau ideal of military lead- 
ers. His practical genius in this regard was of an exceptional 
order, but it is doubtful if he had a peer among all the 
corps commanders of the Confederate army in the magnetic 
verve, the superb elan, the magnificent courage of his bearing 
in battle. Where Gordon's hot-throated guns thundered acts 
of splendid daring were being done in the name of the God 
of battle, in no small measure inspired by his matchless war- 
rior personality. WHiere his batteries roared and screamed the 
high tide of carnage ran reddest, and there often the fate of 
battle hung. When Gordon charged, the earth trembled with 
the impact of his wild battalions and the welkin cracked witli 
the shrill terror of their battle cry. He was the idol of the 
whole army, and his soldiers would have followed him into 
the fiery vortex of hell. They followed him through many a 

"In civil life Gen. Gordon stood among the strong men of 
his time. He was possessed of statesmanlike qualities of mind 
and heart, and his intellectual gifts were supplemented with 
the graces of oratory. His native Georgia long loved to do 
him honor by calling him to her official service, and in her 
service he did her no mean honor in the eyes of the whole 
nation. The labors of his later years on the lecture platform, 
in the highest office within the gift of his organized former 
comrades in arms, and in the difficult field of literature, were 
conspicuously successful. The last great act of his life, the 
writing of his 'Reminiscences of the Civil War,' was nothing 
short of brilliant." 

Army of Northern Virginia Department. 

Gen. C. Irvine Walker, Commanding Army Northern Vir- 
ginia Department, issued from Greenville, S. C, January 12, 
1904, General Order No. s, in which he states : 

"With a profound sense of the greatness of our loss, the 
death of our beloved Commander, Gen. John B. Gordon, is 
officially announced to the comrades of the Army of Northern 
Virginia Department. 

"FroiTi the birth of the grand association, the United Con- 
federate Veterans, until now, our comrades have indissolubly 
associated with its splendid career, the magnificent character, 
large heart, magnetic oratory of the knightly Gordon. He was 
not only our devoted comrade, the brilliant orator who so 

magnificently presided over our reunions, not only our com- 
mander in chief, but our own Gen. Gordon — a title and a 
name which to the Confederate veteran meant only one man 
and one glorious union of high characteristics which made him 
the superb man and leader. There never has been in our 
hearts but one Gen. John B. Gordon, and vainly may any one 
iispire to fill the place in our affections ever held by him. . . . 
All organizations and comrades of this Department will dis- 
play the customary badges of mourning until after the next 
General Reunion of the U. C. V." 

Signed officially and by James G. Holmes, Adjutant Gen- 
eral and Chief of Staff. 

Theodore S. Garnett, Major General, Commanding Virginia 
Division, issues orders in accordance with the spirit of Gen. 
Gordon's death, as does Stith Bowling, Conmianding First 

Resolutions by Blue and Gray in Ohio. 

A meeting of Confederate and Federal veterans, about an 
equal number of each being present, was held at the office of 
Col. W. H. Knauss, Columbus, Ohio, Sunday, January 10, 
1904. Col. Knauss, presiding, announced the death of Gen. 

Col. W. H. Knauss, Dr. Thomas P. Shields, and Judge 
David F. Pugh were chosen as a committee on resolutions, 
and the following comprise in substance what was adopted by Ij 
a rising vote: 

"Whereas the all-ruling power, the God in whom we all 
place our trust, has seen fit to permit our country to be 
blessed by sparing the life of our respected friend and citizen 
to this time, for which we feel thankful ; whereas his life 
was of such a character as to have the respect of all loyal and 
true citizens; and whereas Gen. John B. Gordon, who was one 
of the ablest and bravest generals in the Confederate army, 
and, in our hiuubic judgment, did more since the close of the 
War between the States for the pacification of the North and 
South than any other person ; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That we extend to his widow and children our 
sincere sympathy in their hour of great grief, and that our 
Heavenly Father will comfort and bless them." 

Action at Aberdeen, Miss. 

Camp Sam J. Gholson, No. 1255, U. C. V., Aberdeen, Miss., 
sends the following report of its proceedings, January 11, 1904: 

"At a called meeting of the Camp to consider the death of 
our Commander, Gen. John B. Gordon, the Commander ap- 
pointed Maj. S. A. Jonas, Col. E. T. Sykes, and M. Roth as 
Committee on Resolutions, when the following was unani- 
mously adopted : 

"Whereas the Great Commander has summoned our be- 
loved chief and comrade, Gen. John B. Gordon, to 'Fame's 
eternal camping ground ;' therefore be it 

"Resolved: i. That it is with the deepest sentiments of per- 
sonal bereavement that we receive the heart-breaking tidings. 
Gen. John B. Gordon was the ideal Southern soldier ; the 
greatest in achievement of all the infantry commanders devel- 
oped by the civil war among Americans, who sprang as it 
were 'froin the loins of the people' a born soldier, who re- 
ceived in the sulphury blasts of battle the military education 
that equipped his fellow-commanders for the field of Mars. 
A citizen-soldier, like our beloved Walthall and the greatest 
of cavalry leaders, Forrest, he was peer to any general in 
cither artny in the field, and great in all the walks of life and 
elevated citizenship. 

"2. That this Camp offer its tcndcrcst tribute of sympathy 
to his bereaved household, and each other the proud con- 

Qoofederate l/eteraij. 


gratulation of having loved and honored him in all the walks 
of peace and war. 

"3. That copies of these resolutions be sent to the family of 
our deceased commander to the Confederate Veteran and 
Memphis Afpcai." 

Tribute to Gen. Gordon in Winchester, Ky. 

While in session to honor the birthday of Gen. R. E. Lee, 
the Virginia Hanson Chapter, U. D. C, of Clark County, Ky., 
one of the most useful Chapters in the great organization, 
there was an interruption from the regular proceedings to do 
honor to the memory of Gen. J. B. Gordon. 

The report of the committee, comprised of B. F. Curtis, 
R. P. Scobee, J. D. Wills, Leeland Hathaway, and E. G. Bax- 
ter, contained the following expressions : 

"The death of Gen. John B. Gordon removes the acknowl- 
edged leader of the Confederate Veterans. It also takes, per- 
haps, the grandest and surely the most superb and picturesque 
figure from the ranks of men, 

"There were greater soldiers, there have been statesmen of 
broader wisdom and finer acumen, we have had orators too 
as eloquent and persuasive, and our country has produced 
gentlemen as cultured, as courteous, and as chivalrous as he, 
but no man of our age combined in such fullness and beauty 
all of these elements of greatness. As a soldier he will rank 
with McDonald, Bliicher, and with our Jackson, Longstrect, 
and Breckinridge. As a statesman, Governor, Senator, and 
elsewhere he justified the trust imposed and adorned the posi- 
tion he held. Stepping from his provincial home to the 
United States Senate, he took his place modestly yet con- 
fidently, and bore himself as if 'to the manner born.' 

"Orators too we have had who swayed Senates and set the 
hustings afire. Here he was the peer of the best. In our 
national Legislature, on the platform, on the 'stump,' he was a 
very wizard of speech. 

"But above all and better than all were his talks to his 
comrades. When the gray heads were assembled and his 
words swept like a flame across their hearts, his very spirit 
seemed to possess them, and their greeting raised the roof. 
At such times he was the very incarnation, the apotheosis, of 
eloquence. It was designated as 'worth a day's ride to hear 
Douglass say "My fellow-citizens." ' To hear Gordon, with 
his proud head erect, shout "My Comrads!" was like a bugle 
call. It brought the veterans to their feet with a yell, whose 
echoes reverberate through life, and which will follow us to 
our graves. 

"He was in all the relations of life a manly man. Kindly, 
courteous, honest, brave, and chivalric, he for seventy event- 
ful years 'bore without reproach the grand old name of gen- 
tleman.' He brought across the line into the twentieth cen- 
tury the virtues without the vices of a former period. More 
than any other man known to contemporary history, he illus- 
trates the highest type of the old school gentleman, the worth 
and the chivalry of the old South. 

"Soldier, statesman, orator, gentleman, comrade, friend, we 
bid thee farewell ! Vou fought a good fight and 'after life's 
fitful fever may you sleep well !' " 

Expressions by the Chicago Camp. 

At a meeting of Camp 8, U. C. V., of Chicago, January 15, 
1904, on account of the death of Gen. Gordon, resolutions 
were adopted, and the report states : 

"Thus has passed away from mortal ken of the South's 
greatest captains, most illustrious statesmen, brilliant and pol- 
ished orators, whose eloquence has swayed and electrified 

vast audiences of his countrymen, and commanded the ear of 
listening Senates. 

"Gen Gordon unsheathed his sword in defense of his be- 
loved Southland in the very beginning of the War between 
the States, and returned it to its scabbard only after the noble 
Lee surrendered to Gen. Grant at Appomattox. 

"Resolved, That in the death of Gen. Gordon his native 
Stale, Georgia, has lost her noblest son, whose place cannot 
be easily filled ; the South its most illustrious character, con- 
spicuous figure, earnest advocate, and ablest defender ; and 
the whole county — that he loved so well — one of its foremost 
and most patriotic citizens. 

"Resolved, That we tender to his grief-stricken family our 
deepest and most heartfelt sympathy in their sore distress and 
sad bereavement. "B. F. Jenkens, Commander; 

"J. T. White, Adjutant." 

Tributes to Gen. Gordon in Tennessee. 

Gen. George W. Gordon, Commanding the Tennessee Divi- 
sion, U. C. v., issued a special order: 

"It is with profound sadness and unspeakable regret that the 
Major General commanding the Tennessee Division of the 
federation of United Confederate Veterans announces to the 
command the untimely death of our beloved and venerated 
Commander in Chief, Gen. John B. Gordon, the able captain, 
the intrepid soldier, the gifted orator, the loyal patriot, the 
upright citizen and Christian gentleman." 

Camp Frank Cheatham, of Nashville, held a special meeting 
to express its convictions and profound sorrow in the death of 
Gen. Gordon. 

The following memorial, presented by S. A. Cunningham, 
was unanimously adopted as an appendix to the resolutions, 
and ordered sent to Gen. Clement A. Evans : 

"Camp Frank Cheatham, No. 35, U. C. V., is called in extra 
session because of the death of our Commander in Chief, Gen. 
John B. Gordon. 

"All faithful veterans of the Confederate army have had ex- 
periences next to meeting the grim reaper. Death, and they 
have become philosophers ready even for that last summons 
of earth just as they put their lives in jeopardy during the 
tragic years of the sixties. While we, a part of the great or- 
ganization, shared in all these trials and bow to the greatest 
Commander, "who doeth all things well," we sorrow deeply in 
this loss and express our exalted and affectionate regard for 
the memory of our magnetic and incomparable leader, the 
man who did much more than any of his fellows to exalt the 
character of the Confederate soldier. 

"While Gen. Gordon possessed frailties, as have all men, he 
exalted to an eminent degree that warmth of feeling for his 
fellows which made friends of the enemy and turned the 
channel of thought throughout all the North, so that millions 
of people have been softened in their prejudices and the young- 
er generations will study the history of our sectional diflfer- 
ences with kindlier concern, and for all time the marvelous 
career of John B. Gordon will exist a blessing to the govern- 
ment of our fathers." 

By the Joseph H. Lewis Camp, Glasgow, Ky. 

W. Wood, Adjutant of the Joseph H. Lewis Camp, No. 874, 
U. C. v., at Glasgow, Ky., reports resolutions on the death of 
Gen. Gordon, in which it is said that "as a soldier he ranked 
with the foremost; as a statesman he was true to his con- 
victions and to his people; as a citizen he was honored of all 
men ; as a Christian he walked with the God that he faithfully 

[More extended tribute on page 83.] 


QoQfedera':^ l/eteraij. 

Qopfederate l/eteraij. 

S. A. CfNNINGHAM. Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist I'utilishlnj,' House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

ThU pnMication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham, All per- 
#ans who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an or;;an for Asso> 
Cations throughout the South are requeslc<l to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 


It is fitting in this issue of the Veter.\n to note the action 
of Gen. James Longstreet in settlement of his obligations to 
the United States in December, 1862. He was Paymaster in 
the United States Army in 1861, and the Veteran, having in- 
formation that he paid into the United Slates treasury a bal- 
ance that he owed during the war, sought information through 
Maj. M. J. O'Shaughnessy, who was at the head of the De- 
partment of Loans at Washington during the greatest crisis 
known in the history of the Government. That gentleman, a 
resident of Nashville, wrote to a friend in the treasury of 
the United States January 20, 1904, for particulars, and Mr. 
Ellis H. Roberts, Treasurer, wrote in reply on January 28: 

"... It appears, however, that in December, 1862, a 
repay warrant was issued which shows a deposit of $828.22 to 
the credit of the Treasurer of the United States by James 
Longstreet, I'. M. This deposit was made by the Assistant 
Treasurer of the United States, New York, December 6, 1862, 
for credit of James Longstreet, Paymaster, under instructions 
of the Secretary of the Treasury of December 3, 1862. It ap- 
pears to have been the balance standing to his credit as Pay- 
master with that officer, and was covered into the treasury as 
a repayment of moneys previously advanced to him for dis- 
bursement to the army." 


A most worthy movement has been inaugurated for an 
equestrian statue of Gen. Jno. B. Gordon, and a large sum 
will be speedily raised. 

While that movement is in progress the Veteran calls at- 
tention to another that has been permitted to lag and the status 
of which wounds the pride of the inaugurator. 

Maj. Smith's family appreciate deeply the esteem manifest- 
ed by those who have contributed, and will give public expres- 
sion ere long ; but surely, surely the Southern people will not 
be content with this very small sum. The list is given which 
shows how slow people who knew and honored "Bill Arp" for 
forty years are to provide a fund to honor his memory. Will 
these who have responded not raise clubs among their friends? 

Single subscriptions to the Gordon fund exceed all that has 
been donated for Maj. Smith. It is a discredit to the South 
that this matter is not being responded to, and it humiliates 
the management of the Veteran that such lethargy is shown. 
This condition must not remain as it is. If you are a friend 
to the Veteran, won't you please confer with your family and 
write that you have considered the subject, even if you decide 
against contributing only one dollar to place a memorial by 
the grave of Maj. Chas. H. Smith? The Veteran will not 
give up this undertaking in this way. Only one dollar was 
solicited from each. Let any who can't send one dollar for- 
ward a dime. .Some evidently have not acted from the im- 
pression that opportunity closed with 1903. The Veteran 
arbitrarily extends the time. A creditable sum must be raised 
for this purpose. Let us raise it at once. 

The total amount so far subscribed is $87.25. See the list. 


Cunningham, S. A., Nashville, Tenn $1 00 

Brown, Joseph M., Atlanta, Ga i 00 

Frazier, Gov. J. B., Nashville, Tenn i 00 

DeWitt, John H., Nashville, Tenn i 00 

Gilrealh, Thomas M., Cartersville, Ga i 00 

Crouch, R. C, Morristown, Tenn i 00 

Shirkey, S. W., Wingard, Ala i 00 

Confederate Veteran, Goldsboro, N. C I 00 

Nettles, T. A., Tunnel Springs, Ala i 00 

Gilfoil, J. H., Omega, La i 00 

Currie, Miss H. \., Omega, La i 00 

Currie, Miss A. E., Omega, La i 00 

Capt. W. H. Reid, Sandy Springs, Ark i 00 

Norton, Col. George. Louisville, Ky 5 00 

VanMeter, Mr. and Mrs. C. J., Bowling Green, Ky 2 00 

Irvine, Rev. William, Bowling Green, Ky i 00 

Patterson, Mrs. T. L., Cumberland, Md I 00 i 

Spurlin, W. F., Camden, Ala 100 f 

Dozier, Mrs. N. B., Franklin, Tenn i 00 

Campbell, Mrs. W. P., Cassinade, La i ix) 

Jones, T. S., Macon, Ga. . . ". i 00 ■ 

Young, Cel. B. H., Louisville, Ky 2 00 ~ 

Meriwether, M., St. Louis, AIo i c» 

Fletcher, D. U., Jacksonville, Fla i 00 

Croom, J. D., Maxton, N. C I tx) 

Cook, Col. and Mrs. V. Y., Newport, Ark 2 <X) 

Cook, Misses May, Jennie, and Varina, Newport, Ark. ... 3 00 

Southern Star Chapter, U. D. C, Lincolnton, N. C I 00 

Beale, A. J., Cynthiana, Ky i 00 

Dawson, G. W., Plattsburg, Mo i 00 

Winston, W. E., Waskoni, Te.\ i 00 

Parsons, S. R., Hartley, Ark I 00 

Rierson, J. H., Kaufman, Tex i 00 

Briggs, Miss L. P., Jacksonville, Fla 3 00 

Jeff Davis Chapter, U. D. C, Guthrie, Ky I CO 

Rogers, B. H.. Plantersviile, Miss i 00 

Balch, L. C, Little Rock, Ark i 00 

Turner, John A., ct al, Athens, Ala 8 75 

Sprinkel, C. A., Harrisonburg, Va i 00 

Hinson, W. G., Charleston, S. C I 00 

Campbell, John E., Austin, Tex i 00 

Carter, P. G., Celeste, Tex i 00 

Thompson, W. A., Gurley, Ala I 00 

Anderson, Mrs. M. E., Pickens, Miss I 00 

Snyder, J. W., Jacksonville, Fla I 00 

Snyder, C. S., Jacksonville, Fla I 00 

Jett, W. A. L., Murray Hill, N. J I 00 

Lester, Capt. John II., Denting, N. Mex i 00 

Dick Taylor Chapter, U. D. C, Grand Cane, La 4 00 

McMullen, Mrs. M. A., Largo, Fla i 00 

McMullen, D. M., Sr., Largo, Fla i 00 

McMullen, W. A., Largo, Fla I 00 

Simpson, W. B., Hackberry, Tex I 00 

Hale, N. M., Dyer, Tenn i 00 

Lauck, T. H., Leander, Tex i 00 

Brumback, Mrs. L. G., Ida, Va 1 00 

Alexander, S. J , Macon, Tenn i 00 

Pickett, A. J., Hector, Ala i 00 

"A Friend," Nashville, Tenn 2 50 

Withers, E. A., Lamar, Mo 2 00 

Neilson, T. H., New York City i 00 

Lehman, C. .\., Oldenburg, Miss i 00 

Spradling, Robert, Decatur, Tenn i 00 

Sills, J. F., Camden, Ala i 00 

Qor^federate l/eterap. 


Extracts from the President's Address. 

Mrs. James A. Rounsaville, of Rome, Ga., prefaced her an- 
nual address by saying that she had recently attended several 
other conventions of organizations of women "for the purpose 
of comparing the personnel and work of these with our own. 
Like other partial parents, I came away from all happy in the 
conviction that my own dear Daughters were more charming, 
brilliant, and beautiful than any others. Reviewing the work 
of the Daughters of the Confederacy since organization, we 
are impressed with the truth spoken by the philosopher of old, 
'He who wishes to secure the good of others has already 
secured his own good,' for though no selfish motive has actu- 
ated these Daughters of the South in their earnest efforts, it 
is true that as they have labored in their own special field of 
endeavor, they have themselves been touched into a new life 
and lifted up even in proportion to the earnestness and sin- 
cerity of their efforts for others. How earnest, how sincere 
those efforts have been is evidenced by the success attending 
upon them, and the magnitude of the territory covered by the 
organization, for not in the South alone do our women cherish 
the traditions of the past, but wherever they have gone they 
carry the memories of home and its histoiy, so that to-day 
the organized Daughters of the Confederacy, from the great 
Babylon of New York, reach out their hands in greeting to a 
sister Chapter located where the sun-kissed waters of the 
Pacific sweep through the portals of the Golden Gate." 

The address was condensed on account of the great press 
for time. In alluding to the work for the Jefferson Davis mon- 
ument, Mrs. Rounsaville said : "It is to be a monument to 
our great civil chieftain, which, by its mere being, will illus- 
trate the love of this Southern people for their President; a 
love crystallized into action by the efforts of the Daughters of 
the Confederacy, who have, by work and words, touched a re- 
sponsive chord in Southern hearts and brought from all sec- 
tions willing contributions to a fund destined to erect a monu- 
ment which would typify a people's love and represent a peo- 
ple's loyalty ; a sacred fund, made up of contributions from 
young and old, men, women, children, rich, poor, high, and 
low; a monument which shall be the testimony of the present 
to the futme, to warn those who keep this land that, though 
their sires be dead, the principles for wliich they fought can 
never die." 

Brief allusion w-as then made to the work being done in Di- 
visions and Chapters as follows : 

Alabama, whose noble Daughters, true to the cause, despite 
the meaning of the sweet-syllabled name of their grand old 
State, seem never in word or act to say : "Here we rest." 

Arkansas keeps up the fine record so early made by it as 
one of the first Divisions formed west of the great "Father of 

California, home of the Honorary President, Mrs. Pritchard, 
though a younger Daughter of our organization, already de- 
serves laurels for magnificent work accomplished. Interest in 
that State is evidenced by the fact that she sends across this 
great continent so many loyal Daughters to greet us here, 
where you are called to order by the sound of the beautiful 
gavel presented last year by California. 

District of Columbia, enthusiastic, energetic, and ambitious 
to accomplish grand results, despite the uncongenial atmos- 
pheie surrounding it. I had the privilege and pleasure of 
greeting many of these Daughters last February in the home 
of the President of Stonewall Jackson Chapter, the first formed 
in the District. 

Florida, the Land of Flowers, is keeping up her record of 

fine work well done. Despite a la.rge Northern element antag- 
onistic to Confederate ideals and efforts, it stands among the 
leading Divisions of our organization. 

Indian Territory, a baby Division, comes with a fine record 
of work accomplished. This Division is remarkable, including, 
as it does, wMves and daughters of the original Americans, the 
noble red men themselves, the Choctaws and Cherokees, who 
fought in the Confederate army. 

Kentucky, land not only of beautiful women and brave men, 
but of brave women also, as evidenced both in the noble 
mothers of the Confederacy and their Confederate Daughter-^ 
of to-day, who have illustrated their love and loyalty in mon- 
uments, in a Soldiers' Home, and in the suppression of that 
obnoxious play, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Also in the lessons 
a true Southern woman instilled in her grandchild, Laura 
Gait, who, despite her teachers, refused to sing that song 
of cruel memories, "Marching through Georgia," and by her 
action and suffering therefor secured a rule excluding it and 
similar productions from Kentucky schools. Not only Ken- 
tucky but all the South, will love to honor the little maid. 

Then Louisiana comes — our gracious hostess of a year 
agone— comes with new laurels on her brow, already so 
bedecked; Slate of generous hospitality, loving words and 
deeds, whose sweet flowers are rivaled by sweeter woman- 
hood, and whose eloquent sons are rivaled by her eloquent 
(laughters— Louisiana, where both Sons and Daughters have 
illustrated all that is best in manhood and womanhood of the 
South. We welcome you, and would again give voice to our 
appreciation of all your loving thought for, and courtesy to, 
us but one short twelvemonth_past. 

And Mao'Iand, our Maryland, which has written "Finis" on 
so noble an achievement this past year in the completion of 
that exquisite monument, which bodies forth in marble and 
in bronze the very heart of the South— its love, its grief, and 
yet withal its pride and everlasting faith. 

Mississippi comes, the State which has shared with Virginia 
liie greatest honors the South could bestow, since from one 
\vas chosen our civil chieftain, Mississippi's adopted son, the 
South's beloved and ever-honored President, Jefferson Davis ; 
while from the other came that other chieftain of unequaled 
worth, the peerless Lee. Worthy of her honors Mississippi 
proves herself this year by her record, writ on monuments, in 
Soldiers' Home, and in new Chapters. Mississippi has never 
lacked in quality; in numbers she now promises to rival other 

And here is Missouri, the State of gallant Sterling Price and 
other heroes, equaled only by her heroines. Gladly you will 
hear of the great work accomplished by the Daughters, now in 
name as well as deed united. A border State, she yet may well 
give inspiration by her work to other States more fortunately 

New York Chapter we greet as a State within herself. 
Southern daughters illustrating in a Northern clime the vir- 
tues of a Southern mother— even as the bravery of Southern 
fathers is illustrated in the work they do. 

Ohio, dear, the lusty little infant, exhibiting such re- 
markable traits a year ago. She hasn't grown mucli yet, but sht 
has on short skirts, and is not only walking but running to 
keep up with the older sisters. 

Brave North Carolina, the Old North State, which has 
been credited with sending more soldiers into the Confederate 
army than any other Southern Slate, and had, when the last 
yearly report was issued, sent more dollars to th: Jefferson 
Davis Memorial Association Fund than other State. Yes, 
North C3rolina Daughters arc, indeed, proving themselves 


Confederate l/eteratj, 

worthy of the brave men who have since Nathaniel Bacon's 
initiative stood in the forefront of the supporters of God-given 

Georgia's chief work has been the Winnie Davis Memorial. 
This beautiful tribute to a beautiful life has just been com- 
pleted at a cost of $25,000, and given into the hands of the 
State for the use of Georgia girls. The Empire State is also 
happy to have contributed more to the Jefferson Davis Mon- 
ument this year than any other State of the South. 

But Georgia and Tennessee should be honored together, as 
the two States which, by united effort, formed the organization 
of United Daughters of the Confederacy, and have hand in 
hand worked together for the advancement of its interests and 
principles. Especial honor, however, I would give to Tennes- 
see as having the first Chapter of Daughters of the Confederacy. 
and would remind you that it was in Tennessee's capital city 
that the representatives from Georgia's first Chapter met the 
representatives from Tennessee's first Chapter to lay the 
foundations for this great organization of United Daughters. 
As a representative of Georgia, I clasp hands with Tennessee, 
to bid this great organization of to-day Godspeed in the many 
grand enterprises, historical, educational, benevolent, in whic!i 
it is engaged. 

And here's to South Carolina, the State which has with lov- 
ing heart and open hand welcomed us within its charmed por- 
tals, the State of beautiful memories, of brave sons and true- 
daughters, of eloquence and song and poeti-y; third State to 
form a division of United Daughters of the Confederacy, and 
possessing in the noble women who comprise that Division and 
in the magnificent work they have accomplished yet another 
cause for pride. 

And we all are proud of South Carolina, personally and 
lovingly proud, since there is not a Southern State but claims 
among her daughters many who trace in their veins the blood 
of a Carolina sire, either among the followers of Marion or 
Morgan or Sumter, or among their worthy sons, who, in de- 
fense of the same principles, followed Hampton, Jackson, or 

And proud are we all, with a personal pride, of the Lone 
Star State, the great State of Texas, in which we point not to 
our fathers but to our sons and our daughters, for each State 
here represented has contributed in priceless citizenship to the 
great commonwealth of the West. Each State watches witli 
fond interest its development and glories in its achievements 
even as each Daughter here glories in the achievements of 
those women who comprise the great Texas Division, whicli 
goes forward, under its present brilliant leader and the other 
notably able women who guide its destinies, to heiglits oi 
which we can yet but dream. 

Last, but not least dear, welcome to our Virginians— to the 
Virginia Division, which in its union makes us at last truly 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, with no State claiming 
two Divisions, no State claiming a Division with Chapters out- 
side its pale. Truly Virginia's Daughters, in overcoming per- 
sonal feeling, sacrificing personal pride and desire for the 
good of the cause, have set a worthy example for us to follow. 
Though there is no longer a Virginia Division, "Grand" r.i 
name, all Virginia Daughters have proven themselves to be 
better still, grand in deed. With love and reverence we bid 
Godspeed to the Daughters of our great Mother State. 

Then with love we turn to the record of Virginia's daughter. 
West Virginia, which five years since took the initiative in 
Division union, under the wise guidance of her who to-day, 
as our Corresponding Secretary, is West Virginia's most 
gracious gift to us. 

(^oi^federate Ueteraij. 


To-day to the rosters of Divisions we may add the name of 
far-away Montana, where three Chapters have just united. All 
hail to the loyal daughters of the South, who keep alive the 
fires of patriotism in that distant Northern clime. 

Mrs. Rounsaville then briefly alluded to the Fitzhugh Lee 
Chapter, of Evansville, Ind., the Salt Lake City, and other 
detached Chapters deserving especial honor for their enter- 
prise and loyalty to the South in the midst of strangers and 
unsympathetic surroundings. 

Mrs. Rounsaville here announced that, with full appreciation 
of the many requests made that she allow her name to be con- 
sidered again for the presidency, she had long ago decided for 
personal reasons that it would be impossible to do so. and, had 
no personal reasons existed, her belief in rotation in office and 
desire to see other Daughters occupy these positions of honor 
in turn would have caused her to reach the same conclusion. 
She then stated that, in closing, she would quote from the fare- 
well address of Gen. Lee to his soldiers, words which seemed 
so well suited to this body of faithful women: "You will take 
with you the satisfaction that proceeds from the consciousness 
of duty faithfully performed, and I earnestly pray that a mer- 
ciful God will extend to you his blessing and protection. With 
an increasing admiration of your constancy and devotion, and 
a grateful remembrance of your kind and generous considera- 
tion of myself, I will, as your presiding officer, bid you an 
afTcctionate farewell at the close of this convention and take 
my place as a worker in the line of privates." 



Madam Pvcsidevt, Daughters of the Confederacy: Father 
Ryan says : "A land without ruins is a land without memories ; 
a land without memories is a land without history. A land 
that wears a laurel crown may be fair to see, but twine a few 
cypress leaves around the brow of any land, and be that land 
barren, beauliless, and bleak, it becomes lovely in its conse- 
crated coronet of sorrow and wins the sympathy of the heart 
and of history." At Manassas, in 1861. the Southern Con- 
federacy sprang, full-grown, into the center of the arena of 
the world's history, crowned with the victor's wreath of 

"Onward o'er gallant Ashby's grave swept war's successful 

And Southern hopes were living yet when Polk and Morgan 

But gradually, leaf by leaf, the laurel is exchanged for the 
cypress, and at Appomattox we stoop to place this wreath upon 
the grave of our fondest hopes and naost cherished ambitions. 
"It is a Nation's death cry — yes, the agony is past; 

The stoutest race that ever fought, to-day has fought its last." 
Overwhelmed, but unconquered ; broken-hearted, yet trium- 
phant in the knowledge that Southern honor and integrity are 

"No nation rose so pure and fair, 
None sank so free from crime." 

As the former Chairman of the Historical Committee, U. D. 
C, has well said that sufficient circulars, recommendations, 
etc., have been distributed among the State Divisions to sup- 
ply the needs of several years, hence it appeared to us de- 
sirable to ascertain the result of previous earnest labors rather 
than to attempt to add aught to what had been so well done. 
Therefore each State Historian has been communicated with, 
or in the few Divisions where that office did not exist the State 
President has been requested, in accordance with Article HL, 

Section L, of the by-iaws of this organization, to furnish the 
Chairman of your committee a report of their historical work. 
All have responded save Oklahoma, which we were unable to 
reach. Our request has been returned undelivered. We were 
not cognizant of the organization of a Chapter in Utah until 
after our arrival at this convention. We invite your attention 
to a summary of the gratifying records received. Alabama, 
Louisiana, Georgia, Texas, Virginia, South Carolina, and 
Florida report unprejudiced text-books used in their schools, 
which is largely owing to the efforts and influence of the Unit- 
ed Daughters, who have likewise secured the use of impartial 
histories in portions of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and 
Arkansas. The Ohio Division has been successful in intro- 
ducing Southern histories in the schools of Ohio as books for 
reference. Historical committees are active in Texas, West 
Virginia, and South Carolina, while almost all States report 
Chapters having such committees. Texas and Virginia have 
introduced historical sessions at their annual conventions, 
and many States report preparations for such exercises in the 
future. Li all Divisions the Historian's report and other his- 
torical papers are read. Our hearts thrill with pride as we read 
of the paper read at the recent organization of the Montana 
Division, of the "Reminiscences" presented at sessions of the 
U. D. C. in California and District of Columbia. Chapters in 
all Divisions have historical features upon their programmes. 
In Indiana and Indian Territory they consist of responses at 
roll call. Many Divisions report great interest and much suc- 
cess in forming "Rolls of Honor" — notably, Louisiana, Georgia, 
Kentucky, West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, 
and Texas. The children of Maryland, North Carolina, New 
York, Texas, Kentucky, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, and 
Mississippi are reported organized in Confederate work, some 
are auxiliary to a Chapter. U. D. C, others are members of a 
distinct organization, Children of the Confederacy — all will, 
doubtless, some day become members of the women's society. 
The circulars furnished State Historians by the Historical 
Committee have been freely circulated throughout each Divi- 
sion. To these the Historians of North Carolina, South 
Carolina, and Arkansas added special and most urgent appeals. 
Georgia and Florida Divisions offer a gold medal to the 
student in the State schools who shall write the best essay 
upon some Confederate topic. Chapters in other Divisions pre- 
sent similar incentives for historical research. The Georgia 
and Virginia Divisions have completed a history of their mon- 
uments and cemeteries in Georgia. This volume also con- 
tains photographs of each monument, the whole being most 
interesting and instructive. State Historians appear thor- 
oughly alive to their duties and responsibilities. We partic- 
ularly mention those stationed on our "picket line" — Missouri 
and West Virginia. Confederate zeal must thrive indeed in 
a hostile atmosphere, for witness the enthusiasm in Montana, 
Pennsylvania, and New York, in Ohio, Indian Territory, and 
Indiana ; while from California comes the message that, so 
strong a hold have the Daughters in San Francisco, 
women of Northern birth have set themselves energetically to 
work to find some relative whose services to the Confederate 
cause might render them eligible. The women of these Divi- 
sions, the majority of whom have been transplanted to their 
distant Northern and Western homes, with a faith superior 
to environment, a steadfastness of purpose which knows no 
severing, and a courage indomitable, cherish the "furled ban- 
ner," furled but "wreathed around with glory." 
"And though conquered we adore it, 
Weep for those who fell before it. 
Pardon those who trailed and tore it." 


QoQfederate l/eterai^. 

Scorning all malice, too noble not to forgive, thinking often 
of their friends, seldom of their enemies, women of Southern 
parentage are faithfully training their children in the "prin- 
ciples which shall eventually light the world to freedom and 
to peace" — principles which, while the foundations of the 
lost Confederacy, are yet the corner stone of all patriotism, 
whether it be found with Stonewall Jackson under the stars 
and bars on the Henry House Hill, or with Gen. Wheeler at 
San Juan. 

Never in any country have the women passed through as 
many vicissitudes of fortune in the same period of time as 
those of the South. Delicate, refined, cultivated, shielded from 
every care, women of the old regime knew little and cared 
less for politics. Life to them was all sunshine and brightness. 
A casual observer would have thought them as easily crushed 
as one of their own rose leaves. Yet after the Peace Confer- 
ence, when those who had hoped for a peaceful adjustment 
were convinced that war was inevitable ; finally, when Lin- 
coln's call for men to "put down the rebellion" set the match 
to the already smoldering tinder, the women, through their 
love for husbands, fathers, sons, brothers, sweethearts, and 
country, roused to a full comprehension of the conditions. Self 
was forgotten, patriotism was supreme. 

"The reason firm, the temperate will, 
Endurance, foresight, strength, and skill, 
A perfect woman, nobly planned. 
To warn, to comfort, and command, 
And yet a spirit still and bright 
With something of an angel's light." 

Loved ones were sent to the front with counsel well-nigh 
divine: "Be just, and fear not. Let all the ends thou aimest at 
be thy country's, thy God's, and truth's." Soft hands grew 
rough as bandages were torn, linen scraped, cartridges made, 
and comforts and conveniences prepared for the soldiers. The 
tender skin was sore pricked as seam after seam was sewed 
while the tallow dip grew low in the socket, but the letters 
sent to the front were always brave and hopeful. No matter 
if the shirts were contrived of shawls and dresses, carpets 
converted into blankets, boxes for the hospital filled with deli- 
cacies which could ill be spared; for the Southern woman's 
heart and soul were her country's, and no sacrifice was too 
great, no eflfort too gigantic for her to undertake. Extensive 
plantations were cared for, dependents directed in their labors, 
the sick nursed, the children taught spinning, weaving, knitting 
— ^all accomplished. The God who gave the strength alone 
knows how. When the four long, weary years of war were 
over, and the veterans in torn and tattered fragments of once 
gray uniforms began to straggle home, "their wars behind 
them, God's great peace before," the women met them, bade 
them welcome. Home — even if the plantation be a wreck, 
■ the mansion a ruin, and the future a blank. Glorified in 
heroism, immortalized through nobility of character, standing 
with the smoking fires of ruined homes around them, Southern 
womanhood yet possessed the courage to think, love, pray, 
dare, live. 

"While hope lives, let not the generous die, 
'Tis late before the brave despair." 

Somehow the children were fed, not always bountifully; 
somehow they were clothed, perhaps insufficiently ; somehow 
they were taught, not much from books possibly; but lessons 
of endurance and self-denial, of patience and industry, which 
have made this generation a people unrivaled in strength and 
power. And above all, the women of the South have taught 
their children lessons of love for their native land, of pride 

in her history, and devotion to her welfare. As early as 1862 
women in several States, the memory of their loved ones em- 
bracing all who fell in the same cause, by strewing the graves 
of all Confederate soldiers with flowers, laid the foundation 
for the Memorial Associations, and these at the close of the 
war growing out of the Soldiers' Aid Societies "builded bet- 
ter than they knew" in preserving names and dates which oth- 
erwise would have been lost to history. Through all diffi- 
culties and discouragements the Memorial Associations con- 
tinued their work of collecting in consecrated ground the 
bodies of all Confederate soldiers, inclosing and marking these 
graves ; but when this was done, little seemed left for the 
Associations save the annual observance of Memorial Day. 
To the immature judgment of the young, who ever anticipate 
the future, these sad and painful memories obscured the glo- 
rious record of the past, and with the natural turning of 
youth from death and its associations they lost interest. 
Mothers in the South felt that some effort must be made to 
give their daughters a living work, a work which, reaching 
back forty years, should unravel the tangled threads of history, 
twine them with the living issues of the day, and transmit 
this priceless heritage to • a generation trained to appre- 
ciate the honor. Hence the organization of Daughters of the 
Confederacy, formed in 1894 by representatives from two 
States, to-day with a membership approaching forty thousand 
and local organizations in twenty-four States and Territories. 
Proud? Certainly, ours is the right. Satisfied? Not until all 
the world admits that the Confederate soldiers were loyal, 
brave, patriotic, gallant men, justified in their construction of 
constitutional right; not until every text-book so teaches our 

MRS. W. C. N. MliliCIIANT. 

children; not until all living vutcrans are cared for and the 
dead honored, all cligililc women enrolled in our organization, 
and the heroism of every Southern man and woman recorded. 
In the latter duty only are Daughters of the Confederacy lag- 
gard, for with the modesty which is one of the charming at- 
tributes of Southern womanhood that clause of our Consti- 
tution requiring that we "record the part taken by Southern 
women after the war in the reconstruction of the South as 

Qopfederate Ueterai). 


well as in patient endurance of hardship and patriotic devotion 
during the struggle," has hitherto been greatly overlooked or 

Daughters — and we speak to those who were the children 
of the Confederacy, who have been reared since white-winged 
Peace hovered over fair Dixie, those who have reaped the 
benefits of the days of unremitting toil and nights of anxious 
watchfulness, endured cheerfully, without murmur, by the 
war women of the South — it is not your heroism you are to 
chronicle and preserve, nor the devotion of your generation 
that you are to record, for the maiden of 1861 is the white- 
haired mother of 1903 ; what duty paramount to the loving 
task of preserving her patriotism ! In all our sunny Southern 
country no monument tells the story of woman's loving self- 
sacrifice, by counsel of now silent lips we may say we trust 
there never will be; but here, under the shadow of Fort Sum- 
ter, where the listening world was startled by the first shot 
fired for home, right, and country, let us resolve to unite in 
honoring the women of the Confederacy "in the greatest of all 
realms, the realm of history and literature from whose sover- 
eign heights no shocks of war or material upheavals can over- 
throw the glories of their fame." South Carolina, as ever 
progressive, assertive of her "rights" as of old, lias taken the 
initiative. "South Carolina Women in the Confederacy" is now 
on sale and meeting with success well merited. Alabama con- 
templates a like publication. This committee earnestly recom- 
mends the compiling of a similar work in each State, and sug- 
gests that State Presidents urge the Chapters of their divi- 
sions to increased activity in filling "Rolls of Honor" and 
the collecting and preserving of manuscripts and records. 

In this connection we would note and recommend the work 
of the Historian of Georgia, Miss iMildred Rutherford, in 
urging the comj'iling by each Chapter of five volumes as fol- 
lows : "Muster Roll," "Reminiscences," "Sketches of Women," 
"Confederate Relics," "Daughters of the Confederacy." Thus 
beginning with the date of the soldier's enlistment, following 
through his life and the life of the women of the same period, 
closing with the history the Daughters are making, complying 
with these details the most complete and valuable history ex- 
tant would be procured. 

We reconnnend the appointment of an Historical Committee 
in each State and Territorial Division, with the State His- 
torian as Chairman. 

We heartily commend action of the Historians of Texas. 
Arkansas, and South Carolina in issuing "Causes for Chapter 
Study," and advise a similar action in all Divisions. We fur- 
ther suggest that these not only include histories and biogra- 
phies, but also poems and lighter literature by Southern 

We further recommend that this body by special by-law 
appoint the second Tuesday in November (the day prior tn 
the General Convention) as the Historical Day of this Asso- 

We heartily indorse the recommendations of the former 
Historical Committee as to the organization of Children's 
Auxiliaries and the introduction of historical sessions at all 
State Conventions, U. D. C. 

In recommending books which have been examined by this 
committee, we heartily indorse the following, previously rec- 
ommended : Alexander Stephens's "War between the States," 
Jefferson Davis's "Rise and Fall of the Southern Confederacy.' 
Percy Gregs's "History of the United States," Curry's "South- 
ern States of the American Union." 

We further recommend Alexander Stephens's "Pictorial 
History of the United Slates," Jones's "History of the United 

States," Louise Manly's "Southern Literature," Holmes's 
"History of the United States," Gen. Gordon's "Reminiscences 
of the Civil War," Lee's "History of the United States," Black- 
ford's "Trial and Trials of Jefferson Davis."* 

Other volumes of possible merit have appeared during the 
year which we were prevented from examining sufficiently to 

1 he papers of Miss Adelia M. Dunovant, of Texas, dis- 
playing profound thought and careful research into the polit- 
ical history of the South, are mighty with truth and carry 
with them the logic that convinces. If it were possible to in- 
duce Miss Dunovant to publish these in book form, we would 
earnestly recommend that they be placed in the schools of 
the South. All Daughters are also familiar with the "Rem- 
iniscences" collected by Mrs. Josie Frazer Cappleman, of 
Mississippi, and the recent "Review of Slavery in the United 
States" by Mrs. Sophie Fox, of Kentucky. 

Another name deserving record as preserving the history of 
the individual Confederate soldier is that of Mrs. S. E. Gab- 
bett, whose devotion to the work she has undertaken in mem- 
ory of the husband of her youth merits more than a passing 
thought. As Custodian of the Southern Cross of Honor she 
has personally examined the records of more than 35,000 Con- 
federate soldiers, upon each of whom the Daughters have 
proudly bestowed this Cross of the Legion of Honor. 

"As even a tiny shell recalls 
The presence of the sea. 
So gazing on this cross of bronze. 
The past recurs to nie. 

I sec the stars and bars unfurled 

And like a meteor rise 
To Hash across the startled world, 

A wonder in the skies. 

I see the stars and bars refurled, 

Unstained in Glory's hand, 
.\nd peace again her wings unfold 

Above a stricken land. 

.Ml this and more this magic cross 

Recalls to heart and brain : 
Beneath its mystic influence 

The dead past lives again." 

.\ past for which wc offer no apologj', make no excuse, claim- 
ing the vindication of the righteousness of our cause at the 
hands of our Maker. "Deo vindice." 

Jefferso.s- Davis Chaptct. No. 540, U. D. C. 

Historian Mrs. Virginia B. Hilliard reports from San Sran- 
cisco, Cal. : 

"It becomes my pleasant duty to record a year of brilliant 
success, the reward of untiring devotion and diligent work of 
the members. Meetings have been held the second Wednesday 
of every month, omitting July and August; but during these 
months the Membership and Charity Committees held four 
meetings. All were presided over by our worthy President, 
with one exception, when she was doing service as delegate 
at the Los Angeles Convention. Our Registrar. Miss Dain- 
gerfield, was chosen as delegate to the National Convention 
held in New Orleans in November. Her inestimable services 
were so appreciated there that she was requested by the ladies 
of Alexandria, La., to visit their city and organize them into 
a new Chapter. She consented, and formed what is now 

* Several other books were added to this list by the Convention. 


Qopfederat^ l/eteraQ. 

known as the Gov. Moore Chapter, named in honor of the 
war official. 

"At our meeting in that month in this city a valuable silk 
flag was donated. It was made in Washington, D. C, behind 
closed doors, previous to the battle of Bull Run by two young 
ladies, hoping to wave it on the entrance of Gen. Lee into 
Washington. A second flag was exhibited to the Chapter by 
a member who made it when she was a girl of twelve during 
the reign of Ben Butler in New Orleans. It was concealed 
under a rosebush by day, and at night, with closed shutters, 
it was worked upon. 

"An appeal for the Jefferson Davis monument brought forth 
a pledge from the Chapter of all entrance fees of members 
until the monument is completed. 

"December recalls five veterans whom we were to remember 
at Christmas. A box of luxuries was sent to each, besides 
clothing and much literature. One of these veterans, who was 
a surgeon on the staff of Gen. Wade Hampton, has been as- 
sisted to his daughter in Butte, Mont. 

"Mrs. Goodlett, founder of the U. D. C, graciously accepted 
the position of honorary member : Helen Keller was also 
placed on that list. 

Owing to the severe illness of our loved First Vice Presi- 
dent, Mrs. LaMare, we have been debarred throughout the 
year from her gracious presence and wise counsel. Though 
feeling her sympathy and interest from afar, we wait a little 
impatiently to see her with us again. 

"The reunion on January 19 occurred at the residence of 
Mrs. Denver, and was largely attended. It was made very 
entertaining. A fine eulogy on Gen. R. E. Lee, read by the late 
Rev. R. C. Foute, was of the programme. 

"To the Richmond Bazaar two boxes were sent. The Chap 
ter chose as its individual gift small Sequoia trees. Miss Nan- 
nie C. Van Wyck assisted at the Californa exhibit. 

"The Chapter has been divided into committees, attending 
to charitable work, such as visiting the almshouse, securing 
positions for veterans out of employment, bestowing personal 
comforts on their families, and caring for soldiers who wish 
to go South, from the Veteran Fund. No amount of woik 
seems too much for their willing hands, and the sacrifice of 
time and comfort never gives them a care. 

"The Chapter has contributed to the Bull Run inclosiire 
fund, and also for a monument to be placed over the heroic 
dead. To the Custis Lee Chapter, of Lexington, Va., we have 
sent $111 for the purchase of the 'Stonewall' Jackson home. 

"Across our bright horizon at intervals a cloud has cast its 
shadow, reminding us that 'in the midst of life we are m 
death.' The sad intelligence of the death of one of our honorary 
members, Mrs. Wigfall, awakened our keenest regrets. The 
death of Mrs. Joseph G. Baldwin also called from us another 
distinguished woman of high lineage. Judge Baldwin was 
one of the State Supreme Judges in the fifties, and a well- 
known Southern author. Most of us have read with delighted 
interest his 'Flush Times in Alabama.' Mrs. Spencer, an- 
other valued member, having for some time borne heroically 
the fickle freaks of fortune, was called onward and upward, 
and leaves us a cherished memory. The next to answer the 
summons was Miss Louise Carnahan, the authoress. She 
was a charter member; and though, through her literary pur- 
suits, we were denied much association with her, in cur hearts 
she lives to memory dear. Last, but far from least, the re- 
quiem bells sadly recalled the loss of our loved chaplain. Rev. 
R. C. Foute. To his influence and unselfish care of our Chap- 
ter, at even personal inconvenience, we owe much, and he has 
left a sorrowing number of Daughters that bless his memory. 

"Cheered by past results, the Chapter begins a new year 
with renewed vigor and a determination that the work of the 
order shall be executed with unflinching devotion. Rev. Mr. 
Mongcs, of the Church of the Advent, has been chosen our 
chaplain. He graciously accepted, and was with us in Sep- 
tember and opened the first meeting after the summer. Bishop 
Moreland was elected to, and has accepted, the position of 
Honorary Chaplain of the Chapter. 

"As to-day we can joyfully state we are the banner Chapter 
of the State, we have every reason to be satisfied with our 



I cannot understand why, after more than forty years of 
good service, there should be this clamor to substitute other 
words for the old song of "Dixie." As for Gen. Pike's fine 
poem, there are several reasons why it should not be sung to 
the gay little quickstep. In the first place, the words of his 
song require a martial, dignified air as a proper accompani- 
ment, while "Dixie" is more appealing than martial, more ■ 
pathetic than grand, and altogether unsuited to the heroic ■ 
measures suggested in those stirring lines. 

It is highly probable that it owes not only its popularity but 
its very existence at the present time to those very "silly" and 
inoflfensive words which are now so much discussed. No one 
who lived on the border in reconstruction days, and possibly 
even now, would be permitted to sing such words as: 
"Swear upon your country's altar 
Never to submit or falter, 

Till the spoilers are defeated. 
Till the Lord's work is completed, 

Halt not till our federation 
Secures among earth's powers its station." 
The single allusion in the modest words of "Dixie" to any- 
thing even approaching the "sinews of war" being where "Ole 

"Smiled as fierce as a forty-pounder," 
unless the "butcher's cleaver" could be regarded as also com- 
ing under that head. 

One of the strongest claims that "Dixie" has on our love 
•md veneration comes from the fact that it was the cradle 
■iong of our infant republic, the one unimpeachable legacy 
which she has bequeathed us ; and, like all cradle songs, the 
words don't pretend to be anything but a tuneful jingle, and 
belong to the time that gave them birth. 

Who among us, because we are grown up and graduated be- 
yond the nonsense rhymes of "Mother Goose," would be will- 
ing to see them paraphrased into modern English? "Dixie" 
does not belong to this age. It is a heritage from a dead and 
glorious past, and we are not at liberty to bedeck a sacred 
heirloom to please our present fancy, but must accept it as 
it comes to us. 

No one was ever heard to object to the words of "Yankee 
Doodle" because tlicy were inconsequential; neither is the 
music either martial or grand. But what "loyal" citizen ever 
heard it far away from home that there was not an instant re- 
■iponse from the heart? After all, it is the association, and 
not the words, which hallows the old airs. 

" 'Give us a song,' the soldiers cried," 
• in the eve of a great battle, but 

"They sang of love, and not of fame; 
Forgot was Britain's glory." 

Qoi>federate l/eterai>. 


GEN. BEN Mcculloch. 


Ben McCuIloch was born in Rutherford County, Tenn., 
November ii, 1811, of Scotch-Irisli ancestry. His father, Maj. 
Alexander McCulloch, was a veteran of the wars of 1812-15, 
participating in the battle of New Orleans, and was aid-de- 
camp to Gen. Coffee in the campaign against the Creek In- 
dians. He moved to West Tennessee when that portion of the 
State was very sparsely settled and known as the Western Dis- 
trict of Tennessee. There were no school facilities, but fortu- 
nately Maj. McCulloch owned an extensive library for that 
day, of which young Ben was a diligent and retentive reader, 
but the wild country, the abundance of game, and a close and 
intimate association with tlie sons of Davy Crockett, and with 
the famous Tennesseean himself, stimulated a natural love in 
young McCulloch for woodcraft, hunting, and shooting, quali- 
ties in which he excelled and that were valuable to him in 
after years in his border warfare with the Indians and Mexi- 
cans on the Texas frontier and battlefields of Mexico. When 
Texas was making a fight for her independence of Mexico, 
the adventurous spirit of young McCulloch, encouraged by his 
older friend. Col. Davy Crockett, prompted him to cast his 
fortunes with this little band of patriots. A severe illness 
prevented his meeting with Crockett in Texas, or doubtless he 
would have been, with his friend, a member of the heroic gar- 
rison massacred in the Alamo. At the battle of San Jacinto 
Gen. Houston gave him command of a piece of artillery. It 
was McCulloch's first experience with a gun of this kind 
(he afterwards became an expert in the use of all kinds of 
firearms, and as such was sent to Europe by the United States 
to examine and report upon all the most improved weapons 
of war) ; but he fought his little gun at San Jacinto, advancing 
"hand to front" after every discharge, until within less than 
a hundred and fifty yards of the Mexican lines, when Houston, 
at the head of his little army, rushed by him on a charge that 
routed the Mexicnns. "For conspicuous gallantry," Gen. 
Houston promoted the quiet and modest young Tennesseean 
on the field to lirst lieutenant of artillery. The battle of San 
Jacinto established the Republic of Texas, and McCulloch was 
elected a member of her Congress. After peace was pro- 
claimed, he settled at Gonzales to follow his profession of sur- 
veyor, but his time was alx>ut evenly divided between sur- 
veying and, as captain of a company of Rangers, fighting In- 
dians and Mexicans, who were constantly depredating on the 
settlers. When hostilities opened between the United States 
and Mexico he promptly joined, with his company of Rangers, 
the forces under Gen. Taylor, with wliom he served until the 
dose of the war, winning a national reputation as a gallant 
soldier, and from that sturdy old warrior. Gen. Taylor, the 
rank of major with the encomium of "a bold, daring, successful 
scout and desperate fighter," and in his ofiicial report of the 
battle of Bu'.-na Vista he says : "The success of the day was 
largely due to the information furnished by Maj. McCulloch." 

He was a member of the first Legislature that assembled in 
the State of Texas ; was appointed by President Pierce mar- 
shal of the Eastern District, a position he held for nearly eight 
years : but when a bill passed Congress in 1855, creating a 
new cavalry regiment, so brilliant and successful had been his 
services in the war with Mexico that, notwithstanding he was 
a civilian, a strong pressure from all parts of the country was 
brought to bear upon the administration for his appointment 
as colonel of the regiment. The friends of Gen. Albert Sidney 
Johnston were also pressing his claims for the same position. 
In the life of this great soldier, written by his son. Col. Wil- 
liam Preston Johnston, he says: "That gallant and popular 

partisan leader, Maj. Ben. McCulloch, was vehemently pressed 
for the same appointment (colonel of the Second Cavalry), 
but it was Gen. Johnston's good fortune to have in the Sec- 
retary of War (Jefferson Davis) a friend who had known him 
from boyhood and who esteemed him as high as any man 
living. . . . McCulloch, not having received the rank of 
colonel, refused the rank of major tendered him. He had 
been a gallant and enterprising leader of partisan troops, and 
deserved well of his country. His nomination for major was 
a high compliment, as he was the only field officer selected 
from civil life." 

It was indeed a high compliment to McCulloch's ability as 
a soldier, for this regiment w-as officered by Albert Sidney 
Johnston as colonel and R. E. Lee as lieutenant colonel. W. 
J. Hardee (appointed to the majorship declined by McCulloch) 
and George H. Thomas were the majors, and from its subor- 
dinate ofl'iccrs came more distinguished generals on both sides 
in the War between the States than any other regiment in the 
United Slates army. Mr. Davis, as Secretary of War, and 
later as President of the Confederacy, was averse to appoint- 
ing any one to high military rank in the field who was not a 
West Pointer or who had not demonstrated his ability to 
coinmand; but he had, as colonel of a Mississippi regiment, 
served in the same column with McCulloch under Gen. Taylor 
in the Mexican war, and was familiar with the services he had 
rendered. On the bloody and hard-fought field of Buena 
Vista, after victory had been won, he unwotind his own sash 
from iiis person and tied it on McCulloch in appreciation of 
the gallant services he had rendered that day. And in evidence 
of his appreciation of McCulloch's ability, the first commission 
as brigadier general issued to a civilian in the Confederate 
States army, and among the first issued to any one, was to 
Gen. Ben McCulloch, of Texas. In fact, at the time this com- 
mission was issued there were but four officers in the Con- 
federate army, in the field, who ranked hiiti — Gens. A. S. 
Johnston, Joe Johnston, Beauregard, and Bragg. The com- 
missions of Gens. R. E. Lee and Ben McCulloch as brigadiers 
licar the same date, May 14, l86i. 

Of these dislniguished generals, only .\ S. Johnston and 



C^oofederate l/eterap, 

Ben McCuUoch were killed in battle. Both fell early in the 
war— McCulIoch at Elkhorn or Pea Ridge, March 7, 1862; 
Johnston a month later almost to a day, at Shiloh, April 6, 
1862, and both under strikingly like circumstances : both at 
the flood tide of victory, and the troops of both defeated after 
they fell ; but McCulloch, before he fell, had fought and won, 
at Wilson's Creek, the most complete and decisive victory over 
the Federal generals Lyon and Siegel that up to that time had 
been fought west of the Mississippi. 

McCulloch was as magnanimous as he was brave. After de- 
clining the rank of major in the Second Cavalry, President 
Pierce ap|)ointed him, with Gov. Powell, of Kentucky, Peace 
Commissioner to Utah to settle the troubles then existing be- 
tween the Mormons and the United States. The Second Cav- 
alry, under Col. A. S. Johnston, was sent to support the de- 
mands of the Conmiissioners. After returning from his suc- 
cessful mission a friend of Col. Johnston's, writing him from 
Washington, says: "Ben McCulloch told me yesterday that 
he was rejoiced that you had been appointed, instead of him- 
self, colonel of the regiment, as, from close observation in 
Utah, he believed you were the best man that could have been 
sent there." ("Life of A. S. Johnston.") 

He was wonderfully magnetic. The assembled conven- 
tion that passed the ordinance of secession in his State com- 
missioned him to collect as soon as possible a force sufficient 
to capture the United States garrison at San Antonio. Such 
was his popularity that within less than three days, at his call, 
eight hundred men had assembled, and the garrison, under Geii. 
Twiggs, with all of its ordnance and supplies, surrendered with- 
out firing a gun. He shrank almost to timidity from noto- 
riety, never wore a uniform or insignia of rank of any kind, 
except a star on his hat, but was scrupulously neat in his 
dress, and when killed had on a suit of black velvet. 

Texas, as yet, has done herself but little credit in honoring 
the memory of one whose name adds luster to the brightest 
pages of her glorious history ; one who with strong arm and 
matchless courage helped to hold aloft the wavering lone 
star flag of an unborn Republic : one who stood in the shock of 
battle from Matamoras to Buena Vista that she might join 
the sistcrhoofl of States ; one who, at her behest, led her gal- 
lant sons to victory beneath the battle flag of the Confederacy, 
and, on the bloody field of Elkhorn, in front of his victorious 
legions, yielded up the life that he had gallantly risked a bun 
dred times for the honor and glory of Texas. No more deserv- 
ing or heroic dust rests beneath her historic sod than that of Ben 
McCulloch, yet no monument marks his resting place save a 
block of Texas granite, placed there by his nephew, Capt. Ben 
E. McCulloch, bearing the words : "Brigadier General Ben 
McCulloch, killed at Elkhorn, Ark., March 7, 1862, aged 
fifty years. Patriot, Soldier, Gentleman. He gave his life for 


In an old paper is found a dispatch to the Natchez Democrat 
giving an account of the death, at Dallas, Tex., of Mr. Albert 
Mellen, forinerly of Natchez, and a brother of Messrs. Thomas 
L. and W. F. Mellen. This recalls to mind a remarkable in- 
cident in the life of Mr. Mellen, which is worthy of record 
as evincing the spirit of our people during the war. 

In the summer of 1864 Mr. Albert Mellen, then a young 
man of twenty-four years, was a prisoner at Vicksburg. The 
Federal military authorities, then in possession of that de- 
voted city, ordered him out for street or fortification work 
under a negro guard. He claimed his exemption as a pris- 
oner, and peremptorily refused to obey the order. A squad of 

negro soldiers, under command of a white lieutenant, was 
sent to him to attempt coercion at the point of the bayonet. 
In the presence of the flashing steel he stood unawed, and a 
moment later, seeing that the squad was bent on coercion 
and that he must go or be impaled, he suddenly seized a 
hatchet that happened to be in reach, and, throwing himself 
upon his knees, quickly extended his left arm along the floor, 
and with two bold strokes of the hatchet completely severed 
the hand from the arm. Then rising to his feet, he held the 
bleeding, mangled stump close to the face of the lieutenant 
and said : "Now, sir, will you make me work for your rotten 
government under a negro guard?" He conquered then, and 
never afterwards regretted the act. 

A few days afterwards he was sent to Camp Chase, and 
after the war had closed was one of the very last to be re- 
leased from that terrible pen. 

A picture illustrative of the above incident was exhibited 
in New Orleans City by a well-known painter, and it is now 
in the family residence of the late Mr. Hyatt. 


The loyal old Southern plantation negroes, like their friends 
and former masters, ilie Confecierale veterans, are fast passing 
away. One of these, "Uncle" Jim Gass, recently died in Bon- 
ham, Tex., and Comrade W. T. Gass, editor of the Hopkins 
County Democrat, whose slave he was, pays this tribute : 

"The anouncement of the sudden death of this faithful .nnd 
honest old man was a cause for tears and sorrow to the 
writer. The faithful negro carried us around in his arms and 
on his sturdy back and shoulders in infancy, and as we grew 
older taught us to swim, to fish, to hunt, and to ride. He was 
black, but he had a whiter soul and purer life than hundreds of 
boys and men we have known with white skins. When the 
war clouds of 1861 came, although 1 ut a boy of fifteen, I en- 
listed in the Confederate service. J.i;i c.-^nie to me aid said: 
'Marse Will, I want to go wid you to de war. I'll stay wid 
you and never leave you.' My mother was a widow, father 
having died a short time before, and 1 explained to Jim that 
we both couldn't leave home at once; that one of us would 
liave to stay to care for her and four brothers and sisters 
younger than myself. The argument was unanswerable. 
Dat's a fact, Marse Will ; I specks I'm de one to stay.' 

"Looking back through the mist and tears of forty-one years, 
it is a melancholy pleasure to testify to the faithfulness of our 
trusty old slave and companion of boyhood, for he was as 
true to his trust as was any Confederate soldier true to his 
flag during all those four years of war, blood, fire, and block- 
ade. And when, in May, 1865, I returned home, I found Jim 
still at his post of duty. With two horses and a wagon he 
had been making numerous trips to Shreveport, taking down 
flour and trading it for sugar and molasses, helping my wid- 
owed iTiothcr to keep the wolf from the doo-, Jim being her 
mainstay and chief purveyor of the commissary department 
Peace to his ashes !" 

Capt. J. E. Fowlkr's Copy of Hardee's Tactics. — Eugene 
Marshall, of Manchester, Tenn., states: "I have in my pos- 
session Vol. I. of 'Hardee's Light Infantry Tactics,' published 
in Nashville in 1861. It bears on the blank leaf the name of 
'Capt. James E. Fowler, 5th Regt., Tenn. Vol.' The book is 
somewhat defaced with blood, and was taken from a deserted 
Confederate Camp at Murfreesboro soon after the battle of 
Stone's River. If Capt. Fowler is still alive, or if any repre- 
sentative of his family would like to have the book, it would 
be a pleasure to me to forward it to them." 

Qopfederate l/eterai). 



[An address by Miss Elizabeth Elliott Lumpliin at State reunion In Au- 
gusta. 1903-] 

Mosi Honored Veterans, Ladies and Gentlemen: They have 
asked me to speak to you ; I who am a Georgia woman, a 
woman whose bahy eyes looked first into tlic mother eyes of 
Georgia and, meeting their splendid tenderness and beauty, 
smiled back and lay content, ;; woman whose childish feet 
strayed on the red old hills of Georgia, whose young wom- 
an's heart became a harp, whose tense strings vibrated to the 
deeds of the men and women of Georgia, whose lips shall meet 
those mother lips in the last lingering kiss of life. 

"Aunt Minervy Ann" says : " 'Tain"t big houses, 'tain't 
land, 'tain't fine clothes, what makes quality; hit's des a 
long line er graveyards stretching way back to Virgin'y er 
fudder wid a whole heap cr graves in 'em whar' dar's a heap cr 
folks what knowed how to treat t'other folks." You know how 
to treat "other folks," for am 1 not a Georgian and know that 
you do? 

You have greeted me, but how can I find words to give you 
greeting when everj- pulsing heart beat says : "I love you " — 
you grand old men who guarded with your lives the virgin 
whiteness of our Georgia? 

As one of our great men has said : "Come, spirit of our 
State ; come from your rivers that seek the sea ; come from 
your waves that wash your shores and run up to kiss your 
sands ; come from the air that hovers over your mountain tops ; 
come, spirit of a glorious ancestry, from beyond the cedars 
and the stars ; come from history that wraps you in robes of 
light, and let me invoke the memories that hang around yon 
like the mantle of Elijah, and shall become the ascension robe 
of your new destiny ; touch the chord in your people's hearts, 
that they may rise in the majesty of your love, and build mon- 
uments to yon higher than the towers of Baalbec. Let 
them warm to ihe fires of an intense love, and glow with 
the light of a more celestial glory. Let them swear round 
your altars to be still prouder that they are Georgians. As a 
daughter who has felt the sunshine of your skies, I bow to 
the majesty of your glory, and to your spirit I would pour out 
the fondest affection and strew flowers upon your pathway, 

"Would that it were my destiny to increase the flood tide of 
your prc>^; ority, as it shall be mine to share your fortunes, and 
when Miy days shall be ended may I sleep beneath your soil, 
where the April raindrops will fall upon my grave, and the 
sunshine of your Southern flowers will blossom above my 
heart !" 

I would rather be a woman than a man. What woman 
would not. if she could be a Southern woman and be loved 
by Southern men — in this land where a man may with honor 
love a thousand, and yet love only one, and that one for 

What woman would not, if she might, give up her love to 
those Southern men ? for the soul's armor is never well set 
to the heart until a woman's hand has braced it, and 'tis only 
when she braces it loosely that the honor of manhood and of 
womanhood shall fail. 

My father was a Confederate soldier, and, though I love him 
and honor iiis dear name above all other men, with that 
glory to crown his head, he must needs be to me a thousand- 
fold great c- Rut there is one honor we may not have, we 
daughters of Georgia. 1 have said it before and repeat it — 
an honor our lovely mothers gloried in. We can work with 
tireless fingers, we can run with tireless feet for these men ; 
but they could love and marry Confederate soldiers! 

And our fathers loved them. A blind man said: "Just to 
see you; just to see you, and then go blind again." 

Once there was a gallant old Confederate soldier, who was 
starving in prison. He had not seen his beloved for two years, 
and they told him if he could reach home he might go. In 
sight of the old home she came out to meet him, and their 
two boys were at her side. 

"O, I am home and well again, well again, beloved !" he 
cried. "Then he held out his arms, smiled, and died. And that 
smile never left him. Like an angel of light sitting triumphant 
in the whitened halls of death — aye, on the conqueror's own 
throne and proclaiming that there be earthly loves that build 
their temple on the stony brow of dissolution itself." 

I come to you from my adopted land, from the land of the 
palmetto, from a land of fair women and brave men. Side 
by side you worked and loved. Side by side you fought 
and bled for the sake of our land. When our Northern 
brethren asked for help to put oppression from our shores 
in the distant past. South Carolina and Georgia were 
among the first and bravest. Carolina gave her Marion, 
her Sumter, her Pickens ; Georgia her Twiggs, her Clarke, her 
Mcintosh. But when the time came for them to stand up for 
that which they knew to be right, in the days of the sixties, 
brave and bright and splendid as the warrior maid of long ago, 
Ihank God, they did it ! 

One face that Georgia and South Carolina and all the be- 
loved South delight to honor is missing here to-night. We 
love his name; we love his splendid honor; we love his glory 



Qopfederate Ueterai). 

and his scars. May the God of bailies and of peace bless 
and keep our hero. Gen. John B. Gordon ! 

I would have been a man once. I would have foughl with 
Gordon. I would have charged with Pickett at Gettysburg 
when every hope was lost, or watched with Hood, on Winston 
Hill, when he gave his fateful orders for the brave brigade to 
go down to their death ; or stood by Forrest when the great 
cavalry leader of the Confederacy laid down his sword long 
enough to melt his iron foul in sorrow. "I would have been 
at the front near Nashville when, from the 2d of that freezing 
December until the i6th. Hood's remnant of an army starved 
and fired and froze and fell ; and when began that stubborn, 
freezing, dying retreat that ended the war and buried the flag 
of the lost Confederacy in the soil of its birth." 

I do want to say one word about the books used in our 
schools. The man or woman who would place in the schools 
of the South a text-book that does not do full and complete 
justice to the Confederate soldier would, with unholy hands, 
tear afresh the scars he bears ; they would pluck out his dim 
old eyes and turn him out into the pitiless world, friendless, 
homeless, nameless, and nationless. They shall not leave you 
anhonored ! 

All these things we shall teach your children in our schools, 
by our firesides, in our songs and stories. And do you teach 
them also. Let the children hear the old stories of storm and 
war and battle, let them sing with you the dear old songs of 
Dixie. Let theni come to your reunions, and they will bear 
you in their arms when you are weary with the years. Aye, 
they will do more than that. They will build monuments of 
memories in their heart of hearts, and on the summit will be 
the image of a Confederate sire, and at the base will be 
wrapped a Confederate flag. 

You young men, in whose veins beat the blood of those 
heroes, uncover your heads, for the land in which you live is 
holy, hallowed by the blood of your fathers, purified by the 
tears of your mothers, for every drop of blood a Southern 
soldier spilled mingled with a tear a Southern woman shed, 
and from that agony of tears and blood tlie South we know 
and love was born. 

We know that you surrendered with Lee at Appomattox. 
We know that you have loyally kept that parole of honor you 
then gave. We know that you have taught us, your children, 
to carry out in truth and integrity the obligations you made 
when you furled your flag; but wc do say, like that brave girl 
of Louisville, Ky., that all the armies of the nations, and all 
the dungeons of the earth, could not make us dishonor your 
memories by singing "Marching through Georgia." Confed- 
erate heroes, the old stars and bars, torn and battle-rent, 
folded forever, are yours; all the bravery, all the glory is 
yours; the story, the song, the triumph, the defeat at last all 
yours, until not one of you is left. Then your memories will 
belong to your sons and your daughters. 

We do not believe your sons will fail; but should they seem 
to forget, your daughters never will. As the women of the 
South in the past were steadfast, true, and loyal, so the women 
of the South in the future will be loyal and true forever. 

The nation you fought for is buried. The flag you loved 
so well has no rampart from which it can wave ; the years of 
your life are numbered. Your ship is now going out swiftly 
with the tide, and the towlines of the tugs which hold you 
back are breaking one by one, and you are sweeping into the 
great beyond. Old and gray and wrinkled now, you did fight 
bravely for a nation. Halt and lame and blind now, you did 
follow as proud a flag as ever waved over iron legions. And 
now, standing with your feet touching the red sods of earth 

to earth, you love that buried nation still, you love that dead 
flag still. 

Your battles, your scars, and your graves we honor and love. 
Your history is for us and for our children ; your image and 
superscription will show upon the foreheads of the generations 
to come, and we pledge you now, before our God, that we shall 
hold you in our heart of hearts and name you forever the 
"Chevaliers of the Earth." 

Kentucky Confederate Soldiers' Home. — Mrs. C. C. Leer, 
in reporting a visit through the Paris Democrat to the Con- 
federate Home of Kentucky, says that she found a hundred 
and sixty-five names enrolled, fourteen had died since the 
Home was dedicated, and eleven were in the hospital. Mrs. 
Leer was shown over the large four-story building, and found 
every department comfortably arranged for the old veterans 
and in excellent condition. The system and discipline exer- 
cised by Superintendent Coleman, Mrs. Junard, the matron, 
and the very eflicicnt clerk. Miss Powers, cannot be surpassed. 
"It affords me pleasure," she writes, "to know that, these 
comforts arc being enjoyed by these blameless martyrs who 
have reached the evening of life, while the shadows of night 
are crowding on the pathway to the tomb." 

MIS? Mi;i.l..\ UlLbU.N, .MISS Sirill.\ KliMl'ER, 

Maids of Honor, Marmadukc C:imp, at Colim bia reunion. 


A report of the devotion to his flag, shown by a young 
Confederate, is told by Inspector General T. C. Morton, of 
the Virginia Grand Camp: 

"Allen Woodman was about twenty years of age, from 
Monroe County, now West Virginia, and a member of Com- 
rade Morton's company. He had won the position of color 
sergeant by his cool, unflinching courage, and would have 
been tendered a commission, but he could not write or read. 

"At the battle of New Market, the 15th day of May, 186}, 
he led his command up to the enemy's batteries, waving his 
flag and firing his pistol, and every gun was taken. 

"But it is of his striking behavior at Second Cold Harbor, 
two weeks after, that I would speak," said Capt. Morton. 
"The day before that great battle, in which 13,500 of the enemy 
were, in thirty minutes, shot down in front of our fortifica- 
tions; and while Breckinridge's Division was awaiting orders 
on Gen. Lee's line of battle. Woodman, who had been tinker- 

Confederate l/etera^. 


ing with his flag for an hour under a tree, brought his colors 
to me, and said: 'Captain, what do you think of that?' 

"The brave fellow had picked up somewhere a stout brass 
spear, which he had rubbed until it shone like gold, and fas- 
tened it securely on the end of his flagstaff. I remarked 
that it was very pretty. He replied: 'It is not only pretty; but 
if anybody tries to get these colors, I'll run this through him.' 
I ridiculed the idea of one getting that close, but he insisted 
that, as Lee and Grant had all their men there, 'we are going 
to have a graveyard fight to-morrow, and are mighty apt to 
get mi.xed up.' 

"Sure enough, early the next morning, June 3, the enemy 
made a rush at daybreak on a weak salient we occupied, and 
for a brief time overran our po.Mtion, climbing into our works. 
Our men would not give one inch, and there was a furious 
hand-to-hand fight with pistols and clubbed muskets. In 
the midst of the melee, a Yankee officer, with two men. 
rushed up to Woodman and said: 'Surrender that flag, sir.' 
The young fellow replied, 'This is the way I surrender, d — n 
you,' and charged him with his flagstaflf, running him clear 
through the body with the spear. The officer threw up his 
hands and fell dead. The two men with him fired into Wood- 
man, and he fell with two bullets through his body, still 
holding on to his staff with a death grip. Then there was a 
rush for the flag by the men of both sides, and a fierce scram- 
ble was had over both bodies. But the Confederates pressed 
the Union men back; Woodman, opening his eyes, saw that 
his precious flag was still safe, and with one last superhuman 
effort pulled himself forward and, reaching over, tore the 
colors from the staff, threw them behind them, and fell back 
a corpse." 



I see in the November number of the Veteran that Comrade 
Minnick, of Grand Isle, La., wishes to know whose brigade it 
was that came to our relief (the Georgia Brigade of Cavalry) 
at Chickaniauga, when we were engaged with the enemy Sat- 
urday morning near Jay's mill. I am satisfied it was some of 
Longstreet's Corps, although it was understood at the time 
that Longstreet's forces had not arrived. But that cold 
Friday evening before the fight our regiment, the Sixth 
Georgia Cavalry, crossed the creek at the same time and place. 
Feeling sorry for one of the almost barefooted number of the 
"webfoot" troops, I took him up behind me and carried him 
over. I noticed the difference in the shade of gray in their 
uniform and that of our Tennessee army. Theirs were a steel 
gray, such as our officers wore. Now when that brigade came 
to our relief (for which 1 shall always feel grateful), I noticed 
they had on the same colored uniform as the Longstrect men 
wore. Our brigade at that time was made up of the First and 
Sixth Georgia Cavalry, the Fourth Tennessee, and the Third 
Confederate, commanded by Gen. Pegrain. The First, Third, 
Fourth, and Sixth Georgia were afterwards brigaded together 
and known as the First Georgia Brigade of Cavalry. 

The hot fighting referred to by Comrade Minnick on Satur- 
day morning came on us rather unexpectedly. About day- 
light a detachment from my regiment (the Sixth Georgia) 
was dismounted and pushed forward as skirmishers. We soon 
Struck the Yankee skirmish line, which fell back with little re- 
sistance to their main line. We were then withdrawn to our 
command at Jay's mill, and the First Georgia, mounted, was 
sent out to hold the ground until we could breakfast and feed 
our horses. A heavy fire soon opened in the direction the 
First had gone, and in a few moments bareheaded men and 

loose horses came "tearing out of the wilderness," creating 
miv-h excitenier.t and confusion for a moment ; but wc quickly 
formed, and "Uisniount to fight!" "Form line!" "Forward, 
charge!" were the orders issued as fast as they could be 
cuted, and at it we went. Our countercharge stopped them, 
and we held them in check for several hours. Our loss was 

Just thirty-two years afterwards to a day I met on exactly 
the same spot some of the very same men 1 fought. In 1863 
we paid our compliments a short distance apart with rifles 
and shouts of defiance, and in 1895 we cordially shook hands 
and smiled on each other as we talked over our fighting days. 
Where in all history can you find such a people and such sol- 
diers as in America ? The tnen we were up against on Sat- 
urday morning at Chickaniauga in 1863 were Brannon's Bri- 
gade, tough fighters. The man 1 talked most with in 1895 
was a member of the Tenth Indiana Infantry. 


C. A. Williamson, Savannah, Ga., of Company B, Twenty- 
Fifth South Carolina Volunteers, writes of it : 

"In the November number of the Veteran there appears 
an article under the above heading, some of the statements 
in which 1 write to correct: 

"The evacuation of Battery Wagner took place on Sunday 
night at twelve o'clock, September 7, 1863. The commands 
holding that fort were part of Col. Huguenin's First South 
Carolina Regular Infantry, part of Col. Rhett's First South 
Carolina Regular Artillery, Col. L. M. Keith's Twentieth 
South Carolina Volunteers, and the Twenty-Fifth South Caro- 
lina Volunteers, to which I belonged. 

"The incident spoken of as to the Twenty-Third Georgia 
occurred through a mistake on the part of the pilot of the 
transport boat De Kalb in dropping downstream between 
Fort Sumter and Morris Island. It was quite hazy, and when 
the boat loomed up below Fort Sumter she was taken for a 
Yankee gunboat and fired on by Fort Moultrie, on Sullivan's 
Island. The mistake was soon discovered, but not before 
some damage was done. 

"In the same article your correspondent corrects a state- 
ment of W. A. Day, which does not correct. The battle of 
the Crater was fought from start to finish by Elliott's South 
Carolina Brigade, and the Twentieth South Carolina Regi- 
ment was the heaviest loser. I should like to say also that 
between Colquitt's Brigade and the Crater were posted 
Elliott's South Carolina Brigade, Wright's North Carolina 
Brigade, and Hagood's South Carolina Brigade; and when 
the explosion took place Mahone's Division closed up on the 
right, followed by Hoke's Division, of which Colquitt was the 
left, Elliott's being in Mahone's Brigade, and Wright's, Ha- 
good's, and Colquitt's in Hoke's Division." 

Joanna Maynard Wright, daughter of Rev. Oliver Abbott 
Shaw, rector of St. Mark's Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, for 
many years, was born at Richmond, Va., May 26, 1830. Her 
paternal ancestry was of distinguished colonial families of 
Massachusetts, while her mother was allied to many prominent 
colonial families of Virginia, being a granddaughter of Carter 
Braxton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Or- 
phaned at the age of sixteen, she went to Lexington, Miss., 
to her uncle, Hon. Walker Brooke, United States Senator 
from that State, and subsequently a member of the Confed- 
erate Constitutional Convention. In a few months she married 
Selden S. Wright, also a native of Virginia, a young lawyer 


(Confederate l/eterap. 

of promise, who soon became well known throughout the 
State. In i860 they removed to California, where he was con- 
nected with the judiciary until his death. Mrs. Wright or- 
ganized the Colonial Dames and the Descendants of Colonia! 
Governors, and is the chairman of both these organizations in 
California for life. In July, 1896, she called together the 
Southern women in San Francisco for the purpose of organ- 
izing a Chapter of United Daughters of the Confederacy. Si.\ 
responded, and the organization was perfected in her parlors, 
and named Albert Sidney Johnston, and is No. 79, which 
number shows how early it entered the general organization, 
organized at Atlanta, Ga., November, 1895, now numbering 
nearly one thousand, though so far from the Southern States. 
It is the first— the 
mother — Chapter 
west of the Rockies. 
Mrs. Wriglit was 
succeeded in the 
presidency by Mr?. 
Pritchard, the 
daughter of Albert 
Sidney Johnston, and 
now Mrs. A. H. 
V o o r h i e s is the 
Presid«">t,~ and the 
Chapter number? 
nearly four hundred. 
Mrs. Wright is the 
President of the Cal- 
ifornia State Divi- 
sion. It seems that 
it is the woman of 
many home duties 
who can do most in 
a public way, as 
Mrs. Wright has been a model wife and mother and has reared 
twelve children, beside,s having the motherly care of about as 
many young orphaned relatives. 




Ladies of the Arkansas Division: When elected last autumn 
to the office of Historian, I wrote to various women in author- 
ity that I felt constrained to resign, as I was already abundant- 
ly .supplied with occupation. From various sources I received 
the information that it mattered very little whether I resigned 
or not, as the office was a sinecure and the officer would prob- 
ably be a figurehead. I therefore decided to accept. 

Let me here explain that I am forced to believe that a totally 
false conception of this office prevails among many of our 
members. It is set down in the National Constitution, Article 
XL, that the objects of the United Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy are historical, educational, memorial, benevolent, and 
social; to fulfill the duties of cliarity to the survivors of the 
War between the States; and to collect and preserve the 
material for a truthful history of the war. 

In order to collect materials for my work I sent out printed 
circulars to our Chapters and to many veterans, asking that 
any interesting incidents, hitherto unpublished in permanent 
form and connected with the war in Arkansas, might be sent 
me. Most of the Chapters failed to answer at all. Some sent 
material in no way connected with the history or men of Ar- 
kansas, and many, alas ! many responded after this fashion : 
"We really haven't done any work along that line. Hope to 
see you at our ne.xt convention." "Who are you for for 

President? " ■Can't send you aiiy items along your line. But 
don't forget that Mrs. So and So is in the field." ... A 
soldier is ordered to charge the enemy's guns. He replies: 
"We are not much on fighting, but who are you for for colo- 

H we are true, if we arc patriotic, if we are loyal, we shall 
sink all desire for the elevation of ourselves and our candi- 
dates into the more noble purpose to report more truly the 
cause and its adherents. For president I am for the woman 
who cares nothing for the office, much for the truth; nothing 
for personal honor, all for the honor of our great Division. 

But to proceed with my report. A programme of work and 
study was made out for the first six months of 1903, in ac- 
cordance with the general plan of the National Historical Com- 
mittee. Some Chapters have studied it and are pleased with it. 
More have let it alone. The report calls for the study of 
constitutional principles which were the basis of the Confed- 
erate government; the growth of sectional jealousy through 
the decades preceding the great war, and studies from the 
works of Alexander Stephens, J. L. M. Curry, and Jefferson 
Davis. The short poems of Hayne, Pike, Lanier, etc., were 
interspersed with the heavier work of the programme, while a 
course of parallel reading was indicated, including valuable 
historical novels and biographies. 

That part of the programme which seems scholastic and 
dry, please lay at the door of the National Historical Com- 
mittee. If any part commends itself as attractive and enter- 
taining, charge up to me. I believe all the study outlined 
ought to be done by intelligent Daughters of that Confederacy 
which now lies palled and shrouded amid shadows dark with 
disaster and defeat, but shadows which still gleam with the 
stormy splendor of heroism and devotion. The present His- 
torian begs to suggest that every Chapter and every Camp 
give special attention during the ensuing year to the collecting 
and preserving of unpublished deeds of courage which have 
come within the ken of any member; that these acts be record- 
ed in dear and definite form and sent promptly to the next 
State Historian. 

The first Chapter to respond to my solicitation was the 
David O. Dodd Chapter, of Pine Bluff, giving the beautiful 
story of the young hero of seventeen years of age who per- 
ished on the scaffold by order of Gen. Steele, when by a word 
which would reveal the source of his information he might 
have saved his life. Most of us are familiar with the account 
of his martyrdom, published in the Confederate Veteran of 
July, 1897. But the narrative is the especial property of the 
.\rkansas Division of the U. D. C. ; and when this P'visinn 
publishes a permanent record of the acts of its dead heroes, 
there will shine upon its pages no name more illustrious than 
that of David Dodd. 

.Vnother Chapter, the Dandridge McRae Chapter, of Searcy, 
furnished matter of such interest that it is destined to be en- 
twined with much of the war history of our State. Dandridge 
McRae, the general after whom that Chapter is named, ap- 
peared first as captain early in 1861. His splendid powers of 
organization were constantly in demand by the Confederate 
government, and we find that, on one occasion, his regiment 
received the flag ofiFered by the ladies of Little Rock for the 
best drilled regiment of State troops. We see him later as 
colonel, as hrigidicr general, takinn; active part in the battles 
of Oak Hill, Elkhorn, Corinth, and Helena, besides numerous 
less famous engagement'. After Oak Hill, Gen. McCnlloch. 
in speaking of him. said : "McRae contributed much to the 
success of the day by his coolness and bravery." Gen. Hind- 
man also referred to him as "that gallant and indomitable 


Qopfederate Ueterap. 


officer, Dandridge McRae.'' At the battle of Helena, Grave- 
yard ?lill, taken by McRae and Parsons, was the only strong- 
hold of the enemy mastered during that critical engagement. 
The Chapter bearing his name is proud of his laurels and of 
his fame. 

Another event worthy of permanent record is the story that 
so thrilled Arkansas readers some months ago — the story of 
Col. W. H. Martin, who, at Kennesaw Mountain, saw that a 
forest fire raging between the two opposing lines was scorch- 
ing the wounded Federal soldiers. Col. Martin sprang upon 
the breastworks and, waving his handkerchief as a flag of 
truce, begged that the Federal sufferers might be rescued. The 
Confederates leaped their breastworks and assisted in carrying 
their wounded foes to a place of safety, then resumed the bat- 
tle. A gallant Federal officer, riding up to the Confederate 
lines, uncovered his head and presented to Col. Martin two 
handsomely mounted pistols with the remark : "Col. Martin, 
you may win glorious victories, but you will never win one 
more glorious than this of to-day." Surely 

"The bravest are the tenderest. 
The loving are the daring." 

We can lay no garland on his grave to-day, but the admira- 
tion of the women of the South is his until the sea gives up 
its dead. 

Another soldier of whom Arkansas has a right to be proud 
is Maj. James Forbes Barton, who, in very early life, moved 
from Tennessee to .-Vrkansas to cast in his lot with the younger 
commonwealth. When she seceded he threw himself heart and 
soul into the Southern cause, showing a high degree of execu- 
tive ability as well as great courage on the field. On one occa- 
sion, when the Trans-Mississippi Department was in dire need 
of arms and the river was studded with Federal gunboats, 
Maj. Barton, at great risk to himself, made four trips across 
the river and succeeded in landing thirty thousand stand of 
arms, ihus relieving an extremely embarrassing situation. On 

Sponsor for Tex.Ts Division, V. S C. V., Xew Orleans reunion. 

another occasion Gen. Kirby Smith, being in great need of 
medicine for his sick and wounded, informed Maj. Barton of 
the fact. Very soon a Federal medicine transport sailing com- 
fortably up the river was deftly landed by Maj. Barton, and 
soon the command was amply supplied with quinine and 
laudanum. His daring was so great that his achievements 
seemed like magic, and he was regarded as a notably danger- 
ous enemy. A large reward was offered for his capture; but 
the brave man was never caught, although the vengeance of 
the torch devastated his home and other property. When Ar- 
kansas became a common weal of common woe under the 
touch of Powell Clayton, he went back to Tennessee, where he 
died after years of honor and success. 

Other papers of interest have been added to our history d'-.- 
partment. One of these is an article on Col. Ben Chism, c ■ 
Paris, Ark., which alludes to the memorable capture of tli^; 
Petrel in 1864 by one hundred dismounted Confederate cav- 
alrymen, the Petrel itself being in the immediate vicinity of a 
number of Federal gunboats and thousands of Federal cav- 
alry. The exploit was one of breathless interest, and a de- 
tailed account of it has been promised by Col. Chism, who was 
the leader of the expedition. 

Another valuable paper, "Reminiscences of the War," by A. 
F. Huntsman, gives incidents both thrilling and amusing of 
the march northward under Sterling Price. The boyish, fun- 
loving spirit of the soldier comes out in the account of Gen. 
Churchill's horse deciding to make an excited disappearance 
just when the General is trying to collect his troops to meet 
an unexpected attack ; also in the picture of Dave Ross sitting 
placidly upon his knapsack finishing his morning cup of coffee, 
which he feared might not keep hot, while the fight evidently 
would. The only paper giving the record of Arkansas men 
east 01 the Mississippi is one read by Capt. Bell, of the 
Twelfth Battalion of Arkansas sharpshooters, sent to our de- 
partment by our honored President. Mrs. Benton. It gives a 
thrilling account of the part played by this battalion at the 
memorable siege at Vicksburg. It makes our blood tingle to 
read of the brave Federal at the lone pine tree, the exploits of 
the gun, "Crazy Jane," and the tremendous charge on Arkan- 
sas's part of the fortifications when only one man, an Irish 
color bearer, succeeded in forcing an entrance, declaring his 
intention of carrying his flag to Vicksburg or Hades (visions 
of mule meat and rats for ration left him no considerable 
doubt as to which place he had reached). It is pleasant to 
read of the friendly hobnobbing of foes before the fateful day 
of surrender, and of the magnanimous Federal who casually 
changed canteens and haversacks with Capt. Bell, exchanging 
for the Confederate's empty one a haversack full of ham, head 
sugar, and coffee, and a canteen full of whisky. We should 
preserve papers like this. They sound like sweet, sad music 
in the ears of the old ; in the hearts of the young, like the blast 
of the war trumpet heralding deeds of prowess and chivalry. 

But some feminine as well as masculine reminiscences art 
included in our historical repertory. Mrs. Genevieve Wilson, 
of Little Rock, member of the J. M. Keller Chapter, details 
the audacious deeds of a fun-loving Southern girl. They are 
worthy of permanent record in our archives. On one occasion, 
with girlish elan, she perforated with a pistol ball the heel of 
a Yankee six-footer who dared to address an insulting remark 
to her. Once she went to bed with all her mother's silver, 
proclaiming with woeful exclamation that she had a virulent 
type of smallpox, thereby accelerating the exit of the gen- 
tlemen in blue who had come yearning for silver spoons and 
forks a la Benjamin Butler. But most ludicrous of all, on one 
occasion she donned the uniform of a Federal officer, and in 


C^o[>federate l/eteraij, 

•tcDtorian loncs commanded that two drunken malaperts of 
Gen. Steele's command should be swung up by their thumbs 
for hours. To her own amazement, the order was carried out, 
both victims and executioner being too intoxicated to know 
that the order emanated from a mischievous Southern girl, not 
from a superior officer of ihe Federal guards. 

Perhaps most of you have seen or heard the touching paper 
read by Mrs. Anderson, of the J. M. Keller Chapter, last Jan- 
uary in Little Rock Our historical department should include 
it. Never apiin shrill there be a chance to wear a hoop skirt 
with eclat and also with cavalry boots, ammunition and pistols 
stuflTed therein. Never again ."^hall she dash alone in the twi- 
light seven miles on horseback through a gloomy forest to 
tell a Confederate captain that he must change his base ol 
operations or be captured by a vastly superior Federal force. 
Truly the blood must have coursed with riotous excitement 
through the veins of youth in those days, when laugh and jest 
were set to the accompaniment of jingling spurs and clanking 
saber, and when every shadowed shrub shrouded the possible 
form of a lurking foe! 

Ladies, while these occurrences are undoubtedly worthy oi 
note and preservation, there are thousands of other accounts of 
stirring scenes and acts of heroism eminently worthy of your 
attention. Stories that fall from the lips of gray-headed vet- 
erans are fair prey for our historian. 

In laying down my office I should like to speak for my suc- 
cessor not only a more piompt and hearty cooperation on the 
part of Chapter Historian and veterans, but also a more com- 
plete realization on the part of us all that one of the primary 
reasons of our existence as an order if the commemoration of 
the deeds of the past. 

According to the dictum of the National Committee, it de- 
volves upon us to have at our monthly meetings intelligent 
study of our constitutional history and of the literature and 
poetry of the South. How many of our Chapters do this? It 
also devolves upon us to examine and know what sort of his- 
tories and history teachers are influencing our children, so 
that we may be sure they arc guarded from false shame as to 
the political actions of their ancestors. A few months ago a 
letter was received by me from a veteran who, in referring to 
the patronizing and forgiving tone assumed by history writers 
anent the statesmanship of the Confederate soldiers, utters these 
memorable words : "We do not know as we lay ourselves 
down one by one to sleep in the dust of death whether we do 
so in the secret conviction of our children as traitors or heroes. 
To men wlio went in rags, nakedness, hunger, and hardship to 
fight a fight that this generation would otlicrwise have had to 
face, that is hard to bear." 

An objection frequently urged against the perpetuation of 
the United Daughters of the Confederacy is that it tends to 
keep alive sectional feeling in a reunited country. To those 
more noble than such Thessalonians, this is not so. Some of 
us heard last April at the Arkansas Federation of Clubs the 
touching words of the President of the G. A. R. Circle of 
Little Rock, who embodied in her brief greeting the thought 
that her and our work is one and the same, to aid the living 
and to honor the dead soldiers who fouglit, and perhaps fell, 
for what they held true and dear. The women of the North 
and South may unite in strewing flowers on the graves of both 
blue and gray. 

This thought calls to mind the old myth held by our sturdy 
Teuton ancestors of the Valkyrie, the peerless daughters of 
Woden. Horsed on coursers of northern light, these daugh- 
ters of the gods descended to the battlefield and lifted to 
their arms the souls of those who had died with courage and 

honor. On wings of wind and fire they bore those heroes to the 
grand feast hall of the all-father, the "mysterious and star- 
paved Walhalla or dwelling of the gods." There the souls of 
these warriors spent an immortality of honor and joy in com- 
pany of heroes and gods. We too, the women of America, 
have our star-paved Walhalla for our noble dead. And, like 
the Valkyrie, we admit none but the truly great, brave, and 
gentle. We welcome no oflicer or private who warred on de- 
fenseless women and children ; whose march was marked by 
the ashes of hundreds of happy homes, whose track left star- 
vation and misery, the sobs of widows and orphans, helpless 
and hungry. Our temple of fame shall never be polluted by 
perpetrators of vandalism and brutality. The splendid scorn 
of our Valkyrie would scorch and shrivel into nothingness by 
such pretense of honor and chivalry. The warriors who find 
rest in our sacred halls are those who, whether famous or ob- 
scure, honored the sacredness of womanhood, in memory of 
the mother who bore them, and spared the helplessness of 
childhood in memory of the Babe of Bethlehem. Welcome 
are such to our Walhalla. 

"The stars shall fade away, the sun himself 

Grow dim with age, and nature sink in years; 

But they shall flourish in iminortal youth, 

Unhurt amid the war of elements, 

The wreck of matter and the crash of worlds." 
Let it be the spirit and purpose of our order to work for the 
propagation of the truth without malice or bitterness, but with 
energy and sincerity. In generations to come the student of 
military tactics will continue to place the achievements of Lee, 
Jackson, Johnston, and Forrest on the very summit of the 
pinnacle of fame. The world knows our leaders. But let us 
humble women of the South rescue from oblivion the thou- 
sands of deeds of subordinate officers and private soldiers who, 
by faithfulness, loyalty, and heroism, have wreathed the brow 
of old .'\rkansas with iniinortcllcs of glory and stars of honor. 


Chaperon to New Orleans reunion. 



In giving some facts as I know them concerning the battle 
of Pickett's Mill or Burnt Hickory, Ga., on May 27, 1864, I 
hope to give every brigade and regiment as full credit for 

C^opfederat^ Uecerai). 


what they did as I can. It is conceded that the brunt of that 
engagement was borne by the Texas Brigade, under Granbury, 
in Cleburne's Division ; but there is diversity of opinion as to 
what other troops took part. None of the statements concern- 
insr that battle have mentioned Govan's Arkansas Brigade. I 
was a member of Company C, Sixth and Seventh Arkansas 
Regiments (consolidated), and we were in that fight from start 
to finish. I was among those sent forward in the morning to 
drive in their skirmishers and ascertain if their works were 
occupied. We succeeded and found them empty, but tliat theie 
was a large force to our right maneuvering to flank our posi- 
tion. My regiment at that time was the extreme right infantry 
of the army. The cavalry joined on our right. We fought 
the Yankees as they advanced, and kept their skirmishers at bay 
until their main line would advance, then we would fall back 
and take another position, with similar results. This con- 
tinued until we reached our line of works, which we had left 
in the morning. It was then about three o'clock. 

Soon after we reached our works, Granbury's Brigade of 
Texans passed in the rear of our line at double-quick and took 
the place of the cavalry immediately on our right, which Gen. 
Wheeler says was that of Gen. Humes. The fight commenced 
at once with great fury, and continued for about three hours, 
or until dark. The enemy made repeated assaults on Gran- 
bury's Brigade and the right half of the Si.xth and Seventh 
Arkansas Regiments, but were repulsed each time with heavy 
loss. During the fight they overlapped Granbury's Texans on 
the right, and tlie Eightli and Nineteenth Arkansas Regiment 
(consolidated) was taken out of line on the left and placed on 
Granbury's right in open field, and it lost, in a very short time, 
ninety killed and wounded. As to what infantry troops were 
farther to the right of the Eighth and Nineteenth .\rkansas 
Regiments I don't know, but will say that sonic claim honors 
in that fight who are not entitled to them. 

In the April number of the Veteran for 1901, W. R. Camp- 
bell, of the Fourth Louisiana, fakes Comrade B. L. K'dley to 
task for saying : "On Friday evening, May 27, 1864, at New 
Hope, after our fight of the 25th, when the enemy tried to 
flank us on the right, another heartrending scene of death and 
destruction took place. Granbury and Lowry, of Cleburne's 
Division, met tlic flank movenient, and in one volley left seven 
hundred and seventy of the enemy to be buried in one pit." 
One error in this statement is of omission rather than com- 
mission. If Lowry's Brigade took any part in that engage- 
ment, I do not remember hearing of it. That Govan's did is 
beyond deniTil. I should like Id hear from some of Lowry's 
Brigade touching this matter. Govan's Arkansas Brigade anl 
Lowry's Mississippi and Alabama Brigades were together dur- 
ing the entire war, and I do not believe they (Lowry) will 
claim any honor r.ot due them. Of course Comrade Ridley did 
not mean literally that "in one volley seven hundred and seventy 
Yankees were left to be buried in one pit." The fact is, it was 
about three or more hours of the closest fighting in which wc 
were ever caught, and that is saying a good deal. 

This same Comrade Campbell, of the Fourth Louisiana, in 
the April (1901) Veteran says that his brigade did that ter- 
rific fighting at New Hope on the 27th of May. He says : 
"Comrade Ridley gives a correct statement of the battle of 
May 25, 1864, but is in serious error as to the command that 
did such terrific execution on the 27th. Gen. W. A. Quarles's 
Brigade, consisting of the Fourtli and Ttiirtieth Louisi.ina, 
Forty-Second, Forty-Eighth, Forty-Ninth, Fifty- I'hird, and 
Fifty-Fifth Tennessee Regiments, had been on garrison duly 
in Mobile and along the Gulf Coast, but were rushed forward 

to reenforce Gen. J. E. Johnston's army. The brigade left 
the cars at Marietta, Ga., on the evening i..f Alay 26, and marched 
immediately to New Hope Church. . . . The brigade lay in 
reserve just behind the lines at the church, and rested until 
late in the evening of the 27th, when it was moved iLvpidly to 
tlie right some four miles, when it was halted and fronted in 
line of battle. We heard light skirmishing in front by the cav- 
alry, and were kept in line of battle until dark, when we 
moved forward, all the brigade, except the Fourth Louisiana, 
being to our left. We advanced across a field some three 
hundred yards, then into a thicket of undergrowth, where the 
land had been cleared a year or two previous, and from that 
mto a dense skii t of woods, when a perfect hailstorm of bullets 
cut through the limbs over our heads. Suddenly the firing 
ceased. We passed the cavalry pickets, and very soon struck 
the Yankee line, which lay in ambush behind a hedgerow. 
They rose and poured a crushing volley in our faces at not 
more than fifteen paces; but strange to say. they shot high 
and did very little damage. We returned the fire and charged, 
advancing with a yell up a hill. They still shot over us, 
and the elevation was just enough for our fire to be very 
efTective. We forced them back some two or three hundred 
yards, recovered the lines when they were forcing the cavalry 
back, and then lay in line of battle on the field until about 1 
A.M. on the 28th, when Granbury's and Lowry's Brigades re- 
lieved us. We moved back a short distance and got some 
much-needed sleep, having had no rest for three days previous. 
The Fourth Louisiana went into action that night with seven 
hundred and .sixty muskets and very near a full line of officers. 
When daylight came, being refreshed and rested, a great many 
of the boys went out in front where we fought the night be- 
fore, and found the ground literally strewn with the dead and 
wounded Federal soldiers. There was fully one-third more 
on the field than we carried into action, due to our fighting 
them up the hill and their overshooting. Our casualties 
were exceedingly small, only twenty-five." 

I have thus quoted at length what Comrade Campbell says 
about the battle of May 27, 1864. Evidently he is writing about 
a different engagement altogether. 

Gen. Wheeler says, in his report of that battle: "Quarles's 
Brigade also reported to me during the fight, but too late to 
join in the action." Comrade Campbell says that his regiment 
did this "terrific execution after dark." The battle was over 
before dark. The enemy had been repulsed at every point, 
and had fallen back into a deep ravine in front of Granbury 
and the regiments of Govan's Brigade, from which they were 
driven after dark by a front attack by Granbury's Brigade and 
a left flank attack by a heavy skirmish line from the Fifth 
Arkansas of Govan's Brigade. The battery just to the left 
of the Sixth and Seventh Arkansas Regiments and their left 
wing contributed largely to the successful repulse of every 
attack that was made upon Granbury and the right wing of 
ihe Sixth and Seventh Arkansas by an enfilading fire that was 
kept up during the engagement. 

Gen. Johnston says about this fight: "At 5:30 p.m. on the 
27th Howard's Corps assailed Cleburne's Division and was 
driven back about dark with great slaughter." Our loss in each 
(Twenty-Fifth and Twenty-Seventh) was about four hundred 
and fifty killed and wounded. On the 27th the enemy's dead, 
except those borne off, were counted— six hundred. B. L. Rid- 
ley says seven hundred and seventy, but my recollection is that 
we buried the next day one thousand and three. Gen. Sherman, 
however, makes no report of this fight. In giving his losses 
by corps he states Gen. Howard's loss, during the month of 


Qoof edera^ l/eterap. 

May, to have been five hundred and seve;uy-six killed and 
missing, and one thousand nine hundred ar.d ten wounded. 
Why he put his killed and missing together is a mystery. 

Comrade Campbell says in conclusion: "I am confident that 
Capt. Ridley is mistaken about Granbury's and Lowry's Bri- 
gades doing the terrible execution mentioned on May 27." 
Capt. Ridley's mistake was in not stating what troops actually 
took part in the fight If Lowry's Brigade did, I do not re- 
member it, and should be well pleased to hear from ihcm 
relative to it. 



In the winter of 1863-64 Gen. Kilpatrick was placed in com- 
mand of all the cavalry attached to Sherman's army. If I am 
correctly informed, Gen. Kilpatrick and Gen. Joseph Wheeler 
were at West Point at the same time, possibly in the same 
class. Soon after assuming command, it was reported that 
Kilpatrick had sent a communication to Wheeler informing 
him that, as soon as the weather would permit, he would pay 
him a visit. Wheeler replied: "Come ahead when you are 
ready. We will give you the warmest reception you ever had." 

'Ihe opposing armies were in winter quarters — Sherman's ;it 
Ringgold and Johnston's at Dalton, Ga. Wheeler's Corps was 
encamped at Tunnel Hill, about seven miles north of Dalton. 
"Paul's People" were brigaded with the First Tennessee, 
Ninth Tennessee Battalion, and Second Georgia, under com 
mand of Gen. W. Y. C. Hume, the four regiments being 
camped along the main road leading to Ringgold. 

About May i, 1864, Lieut. Rice McLean was in command of 
a picket of sixty men three miles in advance of our camp, 
with his vedettes one-half mile still in advance, occupying five 
stations — two to the right, two to the left and one on main 
road. The writer was on the first station to the right of road. 

All nature was attiring itself in the verdant robes of spring, 
and the world looked too beautiful to stain it with human 
blood. The pale moon's soft rays broke through the drifting 
clouds and seemed to reproach our warlike attitude. The 
thousands of the mellow-voiced whip-poor-wills echoed their 
doleful notes through the leafy forest and up the mountain 
side, and had the semblance of lamentations over our wild 
work of human destruction called glorious war. 

When the aurora's first rays were tinging with gold the 
floating clouds in the Orient, the cry of "Halt !" and reports 
of two rifles rang out on the balmy air. All the vedettes beat 
a hasty retreat, and rallied on the forty men at the picket 
base, who, with Lieut. McLean, were in their saddles awaiting 
the enemy's advance. There were barricades across the road 
at intervals of alx)ut two hundred yards from the vedette line 
to our main camp, which impeded the advance of a brigade 
that was essaying to carry out Kilpatrick's threat. Behind the 
first barricade, about one hundred feet in rear of our base, 
Lieut. McLean took up his position snd awaited their apjiroach. 
We could hear them sometime before they came in sight, the 
road being tortuous and skirted by dense woodland on each 
side. It was not yet good daylight when we delivered a solid 
volley into their vanguard, who retired on the head of their 
main column, which proudly came on, elated by the vain- 
glorious threat of their unworthy chieftain. Again the sharp 
crack of sixty rifles gave tliat "warm reception" promised by 
"Little Jo," and our brave lieutenant led us to the next bar- 
ricade, located in the edge of a woodland beyond an opening, 
and deployed to the right and left of the road behind a heavy 
worm fence, dismounted, each man holding his own horse. 
This time the enemy's advance emerged into the open very 

cautiously, and deployed as skirmishers, .\gain sixty rifles 
licked out their forked tongues of fire and si.xty missiles of 
death went whizzing on their mission of destruction. Mount- 
ing our horses, we galloped to the next barricade, to again ad- 
vise our foes that we had not left the country, when we could 
see old Paul at the head of the regiment with his long black 
plume waving from a ponderous sombrero, standing at a halt. 
We delivered another volley, and under shelter of the timber 
galloped across the valley to meet him. He ordered Lieut Mc- 
Lean to form his men on the right of the road, while he formed 
his "People" and Ninth Tennessee Battalion on the opposite 
side. But a few moments elapsed until we could see the dark 
outline of two regiments emerge from the woodland Lieut. 
McLean and his men had just abandoned, and form in line 
of battle just in the open, about two hundred yards distant. 
At this juncture Jim Nance's old bugle sounded "Forward!" 
Advancing to a branch that meandered through the valley, 
some fifty yards in our front, a sheet of flame shot out from 
the enemy's line, when Nance blasted the "Charge !" With 
that proverbial Rel)el yell we swept up the hill without firing 
a shot until within easy pistol range. We let go our carbines, 
dropped them in the sling, and with our six-shooters proceed- 
ed to do business "wid 'em." The Yanks soon discovered that 
the Johnnies had come to entertain them with that "warmest 
reception" of which Gen. Wheeler had admonished their vaunt- 
ing chieftain. 1 hey wheeled alx)ut and besought shelter from 
the adjacent forest, while Nance continued blasting "Charge!'' 
and our six-shooters kept up the sweet music that charac- 
terized the fiddle of Nero during the conflagration of the 
Eternal City. After driving them through the forest named 
and the open beyond, we came upon two regiments dismounted 
and lying behind a fence in the edge of another woodland, 
who poured a galling fire into our line, which, of necessity, 
by this time was more or less disorganized. We at once re- 
treated to the woodland we had passed, and moved by the 
left flank unobserved aroimd a hill sheltering us from view, 
and fell upon the dismounted men on their right flank, pouring 
into them an enfilading fire, which caused quick and disas- 
trous rout. This forced them to retire to a position beyond 
where had been our extreme outpost, two regiments forming 
at the foot of an elongated hill that rose solitary from a 
level plain, and two regiments in open fields to the left and 
opposite this hill. 

In the meantime a battery of three twelve-pound howitzers 
had been brought up to our line and planted on a hill to the 
right of main road, about on line with our quondam vedette 
stations and about three hundred yards from the line now oc- 
cupied by the enemy. Old Paul at once decided to charge the 
two regiments at the foot of the hill afore mentioned, which 
had to be done over level fields entirely open. Successful in 
this venture, we discovered our full strength to our enemy as 
we gained the hill. All this time our line in the open was 
completely exposed to the fire of the two regiments in the 
field. Kd Own.sby, of my company, and myself went to the 
right of the hill and rode as nearly to the top as we could, 
dismounted and climbed over afoot to a point on the western 
slope opposite the left flank of the men in the field, and took up 
positions behind two majestic oak trees and commenced, un- 
observed, an enfilading fire directly down the enemy's line. 
We were taking deliberate aim; and the end of their line be- 
ing not over one hundred yards distant, I cannot see how 
we could miss hitting either a man or a horse every shot. 
At this period our ammunition was about exhausted, and old 
Paul withdrew the major portion of his command, under cover 
of the hill, to the foot of the elevation occupied by our battery. 

Qoijfederate Ueterap 


The Yanks, quickly discovering this fact, made a charge. 
Ownsby and 1, seenig our predicament, started for our horses. 
Arriving at the foot of the eastern slope of the hill, we had 
a head-end collision with ten bluecoats, who were as much 
surprised as we were, but demanded our surrender. Seeing 
our situation at a glance, we put spurs to our horses and darted 
across the road ahead of them. We had a running fight 
across a cornfield, the Yanks in hot pursuit, both they and 
ourselves emptying our si.x-shooters as we went. During our 
run, and as we approached the fence on the opposite side of 
the field, I said to Ownsby : "Ed, we are in for it this 
whack." Our horses seemed to realize how closely we were 
being hemmed up, and cleared the fence as though it were not 
there. Old Paul had the precaution to let down gaps at in- 
tervals in the fence for the skirmishers he had left in front. 
'1 hey passed through, closely followed by the Yanks. Simul- 
taneously the battery and our line "let fly," and no doubt the 
bluecoats thought "Sheol had broken loose in Georgia, and 
no pitch hot." Anyway, wc confirmed them in that belief in 
about a pair of minutes, for we put them north of the Chicka- 
niauga in a jitlfy. 

1 his was the initiation of the famous Georgia campaign, and 
from this time until the surrender, May 2, 1865, there was 
scarcely a day that "Paul's People" failed to inhale the sul- 
I'hurous odor of gunpowder. 



My company. Company M, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, ot 
which I was lieutenant, was detached from the regiment first 
as couriers for Gen. Loring and afterwards on picket duty from 
Snyder's Bluff, on the. Yazoo River, to Vicksburg. It was 
while on this du'y that I witnessed timt daring fe:it [already 
published in the Veteran. — Ed.] of a Federal officer. A con- 
siderable force of our men were fortified at Snyder's Blufl'. 
where Gen. Grant landed some 8.000 or 10,000 men, and formed 
in lines as if to charge our work=. Just then a V.nnkce dashed 
through their lines and rode at breakneck speed directly to- 
ward us. As he left, the Yankees fired volley after volley, 
apparently at him, but he continued coming, whipping his 
horse with his hat. As lie got near us he yelled out : "Hur- 
lali for Kentucky!" He rode up to us, stopped, and ex- 
claimed: "Hello, boys! How are you? I'm with you. God 
bless all of you I" The men began to crowd around him and 
ask questions. Finally it was suggested that he had better go 
10 licadqn.nrters. When he saw that he was to be taken to 
the commanding officer to be interrogated, quick as a flash he 
wheeled his magnificent horse, drove the spurs into its sides, 
and went like a bird back to his command. It was so bold and 
so quickly done that none of our men thought of firing at the 
gallant fellow until he was several hundred yards away, then 
only two or three straggling shots were fired at him. As ho 
ncarcd the Yankee lines they cheered him vociferously. It 
was evident that he had come up to get a look at our strengtli 
and fortifications, for soon after his return the gunboats 
opened on us. 

On the 17th of May, 1863, we were ordered inside the forti- 
fications of Vicksburg, and were in the besieged town until 
the surrender, the following 4th of July. While in Vicksburg 
wc acted as couriers for Gen. Pemberlon, and patrol of the 
city. Rations soon became scarce. Meat was a thing of the 
past, but great are the resources of a soldier. One day a shell 
killed one of our mules, and some of the boys cut a bucketful 
of steaks from the beast, and we were soon enjoying a good 
repast. All that wc did not cook at once we concerted into 

'jerked" meat. This we did by making a cane platform, 
spreading the meat on it, and building a fire underneath. This, 
with the aid of the sun above, soon gave us a lot of dry, well- 
preserved meat. Now some fastidious youths of to-day will 
say: "O, I could not do that!" Neither would I now, but 
then I was hungry. I stood it as long as I could. I was as 
hollow as a gourd, and when my back began to cave in I 
thought it about time to eat anything I could get. The Fed- 
erals had by parallels worked close up to our fortifications 
and made rifle pits, which they filled with sharpshooters, so 
that it was about worth a man's life to raise his head above the 
fortifications. Our men would show themselves only when 
rising to repel a charge. We soon learned to protect ourselves 
from the exploding .shells, that at night would look like a rain 


c. s. o. rice. 

of fire on the doomed city, by digging holes in the sides of the 
hills, and when tlie fire was excessi\cly heavy we would crawl 
into our dens. No one can imagine the hardships and suf- 
fering our men underwent lying in the trenches continuously 
day and night, under the burning sun by day and the heavy 
dews by night, without sufiicient force to relieve them and 
man the works, while during a greater portion of the time 
they had not bread and meat enough to sustain themselves. 
No wonder that thirty per cent of them were "bors de combat" 
when we surrendered. 

Wc knew that surrender was inevitable, ytt feelings of 
deep depression came over us when wc were ordered to 
"stack arms." Being Gen. Peniberton's escort, we were al- 
lowed to retain our side arms, but some of our servants who 
wanted to go out with us were not allowed to do so. Mine 
came to me and gave me his watch and all the money he had, 
?2.5C in silver, and told me to keep it for him, and if they 
would not allow liim to pass out with us he would join us 
the next day outside the lines. How faithful ! and how my 
heart was touched by it ! On a former occasion, when I was 
left in a sick camp, he remained with me ; and at night, when 
everything was still, I heard his voice lifted earnestly in 
prayer of supplication that his young master might fix his 
heart on things above, and that a kind Providence would pro- 
tect and preserve his life. Imagine at this day the close rela- 
tion and love that existed between master and slave! His 
cont;ict with the Southern white man gave him a moral train- 
ing that was the wonder of the world. While our men w-cre 


QoQfederate l/eteraij. 

out in the field of battle, what kept the farm hands growing 
meat and bread to feed them? Was it fear of his master, 
who was away in the army ? What enabled our refined women 
to remain at home for four years of the war, surrounded by a 
throng of blacks, without a thought of fear, but a feeling of 

My first night out from Vicksburg will long be remembered 
1 left the city with three small pieces of jerked mule meat, 
and a little sugar in my haversack. We camped on a large 
plantation, and I got an old negro woman to cook me some- 
thing to eat. She nrought mc a thick pone of com bread and 
a panful of clabber, and I then partook of the most sumptuous 
repast I ever enjoyed. My messmate, A. B. Jay roe, told me 
the ne.xt morning that his supper the night before was twelve 
ears of green corn. I did not doubt his statement, as neither 
of us could hardly travel that day. 

I arrived at home to enjoy for a short time, under my 
parole, the love and association of family and friends, and, 
above all, the sweet smiles of a rosy-cheeked, brown-eyed little 
maid — "the girl I left behind me" — whose picture I carried 
with me through the hurtling fire and smoke of battle for four 
years, and who, at its close, linked her fortunes with mine, 
and has shared witli me life's sunshine and shadows for 
nearly forty years. 



As the table of dates and topics given in the April Editor 
includes holidays peculiar to the Northern States and omits 
those essentially Southern, I oflfer a supplement to these sub- 
jects where "timeliness" is a chief consideration. The follow- 
ing table embraces the legal holidays in the fifteen Southern 

It is, of course, a popular error to speak of "national holi- 
days." The Federal government may make holidays for the 
District of Columbia and for the territories, and it may give 
holidays in the departments over which it has control, the 
post office and custom house ; but it can do no more. The 
President of the United States "recommends" a day of 
Thanksgiving, but in each State the Governor must, or may, 
appoint the day. It is optional with the State to accept the 
recommendation of the President, and so make the day a 
legal holiday. 

1 he Legislature, in most cases, fixes the dates of these hol- 
idays. In the Stale of Arkansas, however, there is but one 
legal holiday fixed by statute, and that is Arbor Day. All 
other holidays are made each year by the Governor's procla- 
mation. In Maryland, on the contrary, all of the holidays are 
made by the Legislature except Arbor Day, which it is the 
Governor's duty to designate by proclamation. The date is 
not fixed, but it is generally in the first half of the month of 
April. Arbor Day is not found as a legal holiday on the stat- 
ute books of the Southern States, outside of Arkansas. 

Attractive articles could be written of the holidays of the 
ante-bellum period in the South ; the days of the patriarchal 
life on the plantation, when the English Church festivals were 
holidays alike to master and servants. The Christmas, Easter, 
and Whitsuntide then lasted for a week at a time. And though 
as a popular festival Thanksgiving Day was then unknown 
in the South, yet it had always been under the name of Har- 
vest Home, a Church of England day, and so observed in the 
South by the descendants of English Churchmen. The Prayer 
Book of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States had always provided a service for this day, "to be 
used yearly on the first Thursday in November, or on such 

other day as shall be appointed by the civil authority." And 
though the "thanksgiving" was for all God's "mercies," it was 
"especially for the returns of seedtime and harvest." 

Calendar for the FirrEEN Southern States. 

January i ; New Year's Day, legal holiday in all these States. 

January 6: Epiphany, or "Twelfth Night," church festival; 
popular superstitions, literature, and poetry. J 

January 8: Battle of New Orleans, legal holiday in Loui- " 

January 19: Lee's birthday, legal holiday in Virginia, Geor- 
gia, North Carolina, South Carolina; holiday by "common 
consent" in Alabama, Florida, and perhaps other States. 

February 2: Candlemas, Ground Hog Day; popular super- 
stition, etc. 

February 14: St. Valentine's Day. 

February 22 : Washington's birthday, legal holiday in all 
the States. 

February 22: Movable feast, Mardi Gras, or Shrove Tues- 
day, legal holiday in Louisiana and Alabama. 

March 2: Date of Texas Declaration of Independence, legal 
holiday in Texas. 

March 17: St. Patrick's Day. 

April 10: Movable fast, Good Friday, legal holiday in 
Maryland, Tennessee, Alabama, and Louisiana. 

April 12: Movable feast, Easter. 

April 21 : Battle of San Jacinto, legal holiday in Texas. 

April 26: Confederate Memorial Day, legal holiday in Ala- 
bama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi. 

May 10. Death of Stonewall Jackson, Confederate Memorial 
Day in South Carolina and North Carolina; legal holiday in 
these States. Observed in Richmond, Va., as "Oakwood Me- 
morial Day." 

May 20: Mecklenburg Independence Day, legal holiday in 
North Carolina. 

May 24: Confederate Memorial Day in Alexandria, Va. 

May (second Friday) : Confederate Memorial Day in Ten- 

May 30: Confederate Memorial Day, legal holiday in Vir- 
ginia. Observed in Richmond as "Hollywood Memorial Day," 
observed as "Confederate Memorial Day'' in Wytheville, Bed- 
ford City, Fairfax, and perhaps a few other places in Virginia. 

May 30: F'ederal Decoration Day. Legal holiday in Mary- 
land, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and West Virginia. 

June 3 : Birthday of Jefferson Davis, Confederate Memorial 
Day in Louisiana ; also in Louisville, Ky. ; Winchester, War- 
renton, Culpeper, Va. ; Memphis and Knoxville, Tenn. ; Fred- 
erick, Md., etc. Legal holiday in Louisiana, Florida, Georgia, 
South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Holiday by general 
consent in Alabama. • 

June 6; Confederate Memorial Day in Baltimore, Md. 

June 9: Confederate Memorial Day in Petersburg, Va. 

June 13 : Confederate Memorial Day in Woodstock, Va. 

July 4: Legal holiday in all of the Southern States; desig- 
nated as "Independence Day" in North and South Carolina, 
West Virginia, and Kentucky. 

September I : Labor Day. Legal holiday in all of these 
States e.xccpt Mississippi, Maryland, and Louisiana. Novem- 
ber 25 is the Labor Day holiday by law in New Orleans. 

October 12: "North Carolina Day." Legal holiday in North 

November (fourth Thursday) : Thanksgiving Day. Legal 
holiday in North and South Carolina, and in all other States 
any Thursday in November so designated by the Governor. 

December 25 : Christmas. Legal holiday in all the Southern 

C^OQfederate l/eterap. 



Extracts from "Life of James Murray Mason," Confederate 
Commissioner to England, are sent to the Veteran in reply 
to Mr. J. Randolph Smith's advocacy of eleven columns to the 
Davis Memorial Arch. In an account of his interview with 
Earl Russell, February lo, 1862, the following occurs: 

"He took but little part in the conversation, asking only one 
or two questions. One was as to the internal condition of 
Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee, and he referred also to 
the alienation of Northwestern Virginia. I told him that as 
far as the three States named were concerned, they were now 
members of the Confederate States ; that we knew a very 
large majority of their people were with the South, and none 
who knew the actual condition of things doubted that they 
would remain so; and that as to Northwestern Virginia, the 
pretense of a separate government there was an empty pageant, 
credited only by the government at Washington, and by it 
alone for the purposes of dehision." 

Extract from tlic inaugural address of President Davis, de- 
livered in Richmond, \'a., February 22, 1862 : 

"Our Confederacy has grown from six to thirteen Stales; 
and Maryland, already united to us by hallowed memories and 
material interests, will, I believe, when able to speak with un- 
stifled voice, connect her destiny with the South." 

K. M. R. writes from Baltimore concerning these extracts : 

"The above citations should be sufficient to convince Mr. J. 
Randolph Smith that we had thirteen States in the Southern 
Confederacy. If the President of the Confederate States and 
their accredited Commissioner to England are not good au- 
thority as to their number — in February, 1862 — the case is 
hopeless. 'The Bonnie Blue Flag' gave eleven as the number 
of States in the Confederacy under the Provisional Gov- 
ernment. With the inauguration of the permanent govern- 
ment there were thirteen States." 



As a devoted Daughter of the F. M. Cockrell Chapter, 
U. D. C, of Warrensburg, Mo., and a native of Kentucky, 
reared and educated there, and as, by adoption, a Missourian, 
I protest against Mr. J. Randolph Smith's idea to omit the 
fair and noble States of Kentucky and Missouri from columns 
to the Davis monument. For shame! He should not express 
such sentiments. Only eleven columns ! No I no I a thousand 
times no! I would advise Mr. Randolph Smith to read up 
on the history of Kentucky and Missouri previous to and 
during our great war and see how Gov. Magoffin positively re- 
fused men and ammunition to subjugate her Southern sister 
States — not stepsister — when Lincoln called for 75,000 men. 
I well remember how the Federal government, against the 
protest of the Governor of Kentucky, poured its "hireling 
hordes" on her soil at a place on Dix River, called at that 
time Camp Dick Robinson, now Camp Nelson ; how her 
brave sons flocked to the standard of the South under Buckncr 
and Morgan and John C. Breckinridge. Where can you 
find braver, grander, or more loyal men than Kentucky fur- 
nished the Southern Confederacy? Even our great chieftain, 
Jefferson Davis, was born on her soil and educated there. Her 
Albert Sidney Johnston, her Morgans, her Gen. William Pres- 
ton, her Humphrey Marshall, her Col. Grigsby, her Col. B. H. 
Young, and a multitude of other brave men left their all tc 
share the fortunes of the South. True, regiments were recruited 
from these States for the Federal government, but they were 
not of those to the "manner born." Kentucky could no more 
help herself than the other States South in the final struggle. 

So, too, in grand old Missouri. Her Sterling Price, her 
Gov. Jackson, and her noble Shelby attest too well her atti- 
tude at the beginning of this "gigantic struggle." Then her 
heroic daughters were not lacking in their courage and devo- 
tion to the South in those stormy days. St. Louis and Kansas 
City, where there were Federal prisons, are witnesses to their 
imprisonment. No matter how many men fought from North 
Carolina ! They were brave, but none were braver or more 
loyal to the Southern cause than grand old Missouri's sons and 
daughters. Shall Confederate organizations be left out iu 
Kentucky and Missouri? Shall all the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy of these States, who have worked so lovingly and so 
faithfully for the Davis memorial, be left out? To one of 
Missouri's noble daughters belongs the honor of originating 
the Dau.Rhtcrs of the Confederacy. Would he leave out 
Mother McLure, of St. Louis, and Mrs. Hepburn, of Louis- 
ville, and other as noble women who worked and prayed for 
the Confederacy? 

When Gen Lragg's army came into Kentucky, ragged and 
hungry, Kentuckians, men and women, contributed both food 
and clothing without stint. There was nothing too good for 
the Confederate soldier to them. They were all heroes, and 
O how proudly and gladly did we daughters help them ! So 
it was with Missouri. When Price's army moved through 
this State, the mothers and daughters were glad to share what 
had been left them, for the Federals had robbed them of the 
very necessities of life, yet through their love to the great 
cause they gave all in many instances. Ah, none but her sons 
and daughters know what hardships they endured for the Con- 
federacy ! And then not to be represented? Jefferson Davis 
had no truer advocate in his halls of council than George G. 
Vest, no better soldier than Francis M. Cockrell. Yes, and 
could the sacred ashes of our chieftain speak, he would ex- 
claim : "Yes, Kentucky is my birthplace. I love her sons and 
daughters, for none were braver or more faithful. Yes, Mis- 
souri stood almost alone during her strife with the Kansas 
Jayhawkers previous to the war." Kentucky and Missouri 
soldiers proved themselves on the battlefields of Shiloh, Mur- 
freesboro, Franklin, and, indeed, on all the battlefields east and 
west — Fort Donelson, Richmond, Gettysburg, Vicksburg. On 
land and sea their soldiers made a name that can never die. 
Gen. Elijah Gates, with both arms shot and dangling at his 
sides, rode with the bridle reins in his teeth upon the breast- 
works of the enemy at Franklin, leading the First and Third 
Missouri. There, too, Cockrell's brigade flag received thii- 
leeii bullets. 

All honor to brave old Kentucky and grand old Missouri ! 
Yes, let us reverentially build the Memorial to the man who 
represented the loved cause of Di.xie, and keep it holy in our 
Southern hearts in Kentucky and Missouri ! 

Mrs. V. Y. McCanne, Moberly, Mo., sent $1 for the "Bill 
Arp" Memorial, and incloses a letter on the eleven columns 
proposition in the Davis Monument, in which she states, in 
reply to J. Randolph Smith in the December Veteran : 

"This word of defense is in memory of brave men who gave 
'their all,' even (heir lives, for the cause they espoused. 

"There are some dark memories for Missouri when the 
trouble was beginning. With the Federals pouring into the 
State on three sides, old men, young men, and boys, whose 
last memories were their mothers' kisses and tears, started 
through dangers innumerable to fight their way to Price be- 
cause their principles and sympathies urged them to aid the 
South, while they hoped for better conditions for Missouri. 

"Mr, J. Randolph Smith reproaches Kentucky and Missouri 
with 'having Federal governors.' Can he think the North 


Qo^federat^ l/etera^ 

would let two such States go without an efltort to hold thein 
in the union? Yet Missouri was in the unique position of 
having two governors at the same time. The Southern gov- 
ernor went with the army to Southwest Missouri, while the 
Federal authorities had sworn in another at Jeflferson City. 

"Grand old Kentucky ! Seeds of Republicanism were scat- 
tered by the irrny, even to the confines of the moonshiners, 
that keep up the turmoil yet ; hut the unconquerable principles 
of democracy rule her sunny plains, and they arc bred in the 
very rocks of her hills. 

"One finds it hard to quote, and hard not to quote, from this 
strange jumble. For instance, 'Kentucky, Maryland, and Mis- 
souri gave to the Confederacy some of the bravest men who 
followed Lcc and Western commanders ; but when the memo- 
rial to President Davis is completed, let us erect no coluinns 
to these States, step-sisters to the Confederacy.' Adding that 
"only eleven stars should be on the Confederate flag, and 
especially on the Crosses of Honor.' 

"Again, speaking of the seceded States and the stars, 'some 
Yankee, seeing we were Rip Van Winkles, and thinking it 
hard that the Union, with all the world to draw upon, should 
be kept out of Richmond four years by eleven Slates, added 
two, and we, yet half asleep, not only did not resent it, but 
adopted it, to our hurt.' The two were Kentucky and Mis- 
souri, graveyards even then through their desperate fighting 
to keep the Federals from the South. How will that sound 
to men who fought with Price, McCullough, Bowen, Cle- 
burne, Shelby, Gates, Cockrell, and Morgan, and scores of 
gallant oflxers in Missouri and Kentucky. When troops were 
wanted at Corinth, these Missourians went cheerfully from 
Elk Horn to the river, many of them marching barefoot 
through the snow, the long road full of appalling privations; 
their homes were falling in sacrifice, between Federals and 
bushwhackers ; between their ideas of State rights and coer- 
cion, their State was tottering, with none to save ; yet they 
went, full of the splendid courage that pulsed through the 
South, hoping against hope. 

"If, when returning from tlie war, homeless and sorely dis- 
couraged, these men had the faintest suspicion of the feeling 
Mr. Smith avows with such delicate candor, they crushed it 
as a base ingratitude against their kind. 

"What purpose can be served now with such stuflf? Our 
children get a false inipiession of their fathers' motives. If 
carries a wrong conception of the loyalty of an honest people 
toward a magnificent government. Both sides have much to 
forgive, if we have any government. 

"It is a singular coincident that the same number of the 
Veter.'^n has a letter from a G. A. R. man in New York, who 
speaks of the 'foolish bitterness over the war, and the issues 
that had to be fought to a finish,' and who warmly com- 
mends the editor of the Veteran for the 'heroic struggle he is 
making for his comrades.' Such men set us right with other 
people and make us feel right as well. It is the hero who 
gives credit to bravery on the other side. Gen. Lee's beautiful 
life was a sacrifice to the land he loved, yet he was just to 
the government from the time he laid down his arms. He 
lived to see Kentucky and Missouri rising from the fires that 
swept them ; he lived to see bitter sectionalism dying, the spirit 
that would oppose the 'thirteen columns,' a spirit that is too 
narrow for a generous people to comprehend." 

ried out, would do a great injustice to thousands of good, 
patriotic citizens and soldiers in Maryland, Kentucky, and 
Missouri, whose loyal devotion to the South was never ques- 
tioned and who have stood the test of time, by excluding 
them from any of the honors of the Davis Memorial for the 
crime, as he alleges, of failing to secede from the United 
States and for tolerating the rule of Federal Governors, etc. 
As to Missouri, we had a Southern man for Governor tried 
and true until he was driven from his seat by the Federal 
army, and for a time marched with the Confederate forces 
and directed their movements, and at the first opportunity 
convened the Legislature in extra session in the city of Neosho, 
where they passed an ordinance of secession, declared the 
Stale out of the Union, and sent delegates to both branches 
of the Confederate Congress, who were recognized and re- 
■ceived by President Davis and the Richmond government 
into the councils of the Confederacy. Comrade Smith loses 
sight of the fact that those were Irorder States and were 
soon overrun by the great armies of the North, which later 
on swept over every Southern State and drove our noble and 
devoted President, whom we wish to honor, from his seat. I 
cannot believe that a majority of the people of the South con- 
demn these tried, true, and patriotic people for failing to per- 
form an impossibility by holding in check the combined forces 
of the North and the outside world. We gave up our homes 
and country lo the invaders inch by inch, never faihng to in- 
flict the greatest damage to them in our power. It was an 
easy matter to be a Southern man in the South from 1861 to 
1865, but it was quite difl:'erent in the border States under the 
iron heel of oppression. Again it should be remembered that 
to the Missouri soldiers belongs the honor of being the la^t 
to quit the contest. The remnant of Shelby's Brigade of Mis- 
souri Cavalry maintained the Confederate banner, defiantly 
and triumphantly, until .hily i, 1865, when it was sadly and 
solemnly weighted beneath the waves of the Rio Grande River. 
The folds of this last flag had been ornamented by the queenly 
hands of Arkansas's fairest daughters and presented to Shel- 
by's old brigade as a token of admiration for their desperate 
fighting and knightly soldier qualities, and, as they had never 
lost a banner, they were determined that this one should never 
fall into the hands of their enemies. I feel sure that I represent 
the sentiments of 99 per cent of the Southern people of Mis- 
souri when I say that when the time comes they will e.xpect 
and insist on being accorded the same honors and rights in 
the Davis Memorial aiven to other Soiuhcrn States. 

Sam Box, Westville, Ind. T., Protests. — In the December, 
1903, Veteran Comrade J. Randolph Smith, of Henderson, 
N. C, favors eleven columns for the Davis Memorial. The 
good I'rother is living in delusion, and his suggestions, if car- 

Why pay full price for leading papers and magazines when 
you can secure two for almost the price of one by taking our 
clubbing offer? Note the follownig : 

Co.n'fedeuate Veteran one year $1 00 

Woman's Home Companion one year i 00 

Roth one year for $1.50. 

Confederate Veteran one year $1 00 

Farm and Fireside one year 50 

Both one year for $1.15. 
T he IVoman's Home Coml>anion is one of the choicest home 
and family magazines published. 

The Farm and Fireside is one of the leading farm journals, 
each department having an editor of practical experience, and 
the articles c^n the management of house, farm, and garden 
will be found very helpful. Issued semimonthly. 
In addition, a choice picture will be sent free. 
.\ddres3 the Confederate Veteran, Nashville, Tenn. 

CoF)federate l/ct2raQ 





G. P. WARE. 

There was a reunion at Opclika, -Ma., on last Thanksgiving 
of surviving members of the Macon Confederates, from Tusko- 
gee, Ala., which was Company F, of the" Twelfth Alabama 
Regiment. The captain of the company, R. F. Ligon, became 
Governor of the State, and David Clopton, who was on the 
Supreme Bench of his State, was a private. He was lat<;r 
quartermaster of the regiment before his election to the Con- 
federate Congress. The members of this company, which 
comprised one hundred and five originally, and was recruited 
until it aggregated one hundred and forty-four, were worth 
two million dollars. Many of its members became commis- 
sioned ofiicers in other regiments. It is sad to relate that only 
seven .«urvivors out of the one hundred and forty-four met at 
Opelika recently. Among these was the only living com- 
missioned ofliccr, who was captain of the company, Robert E. 
Park (now State Treasurer of Georgia, and lives in Atlanta), 
Sergeant Thomas H. Clower, late Mayor of Opelika ; Sergeant 
Nathan R. Simmons, Superintendent of Streets, Opelika: 
Sergeant James H. Eason, connected with the Plant Railway 
System at Montgomery; Hon. Robert W. Drake, laie sheriff 
of Hale County, Ala., and a prominent planter; Mr. Colum- 
bus C. Davis, of Tuskcgee. Ala. ; and Mr. George Pierce Ware. 
of Auburn, Ala., both successful and popular farmers, and all 
men of high character and influence in their various localities. 

These gentlemen dined with Mr. and Mrs. DeLay, the son- 
in-law and daughter i.f Mr. G. P. Ware, and supped with Hon. 



and Mrs. T. H. Clower. They feasted on Thanksgiving tur- 
key, with cranberries, barbecued pig, delightful salads, fruit, 
and pound cake, ices, and all the elegant cl cctnas which ac- 
company splendid Thanksgiving occasions. 

These gentlemen had a group picture taken, and upon 
weighing at the public scales the following were learned to 
be their respective weights: Capt. Park, 222 pounds; Hon. 
T. H. Clower, 185 pounds; Hon. R. W. Drake, 246 pounds; 
J. H. Eason, 187 pounds; G. P. Ware, 175 pounds; N. R. 
SimuKins, 16" pounds; C. C. Davis, 139 pounds. 

These members read over the list of the members of old 
Company F, and discussed affectionately the few living and 
the host of dead comrades with whom they had shared the 
dangers and hardships, the humors and excitements of four 

Of those present, Mr. Davis was one severely wounded at 
Strasburg, Va. ; Mr. Ware was wounded at Seven Pines and 
Snickers Gap, Mr. Simmons at Chancellorsville, Mr. Eason 
at Sharpsburg and Gettysburg. Capt. Park was wounded at 
the Wilderness, Gettysburg, and Winchester, and a bullet 
passed through his hat at Seven Pines. Messrs. Clower and 
Drake, than whom there were never two more gallant and 
intrepid soldiers, and few shared in as many engagements, 
were never wounded. All were in fine health and splendid 
spirits, and fully resolved to have annual reunions in the 


Qorjfederate l/eterap. 


The Vkteran is pleased to give a good likeness herewith of 
Mrs. W. J. Behan, President of the Confederated Southern 
Memorial Association. She was born in New Orleans, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. William Walker. While yet a young 
girl, she was enthusiastic for the Southern cause, and ren- 
dered valuable assistance to the ladies of the Soldiers' Aid 
Society in their noble work. As Miss Katie Walker she will 
be remembered by many of the Southern soldiers who were 
confined in the military prisons and hospitals of New Orleans 
durmg the war. She was educated in her native city at the 
-Orleans Academy under Prof. Dimitry, and graduated with 
high honors from the Ursulinc Convent, the oldest female 
college in the United States. In 1902 Mrs. Behan was elected 
President of the Ursuline Alumnae and reelected in 1903. 

In 1SO6 she married William J. Behan, who was an officer 
in that famous command, the Washinslon Artillery, in the 
Army of Northern Virginia. He 
was the first major general of the 
Louisiana Division, United Confed- 
erate Veterans, and is a valiant 

Mrs. Behan is one of tlie oldest 
members of the Ladies' South- 
ern Memorial Association of New 
Orleans, and is now serving her 
third term as its President. This 
is one of the largest and most ac- 
tive of the Memorial Associations 
of the South. In May, 1900, the 
Confederated Southern Memorial 
Association was organized at Louis- 
ville, Ky., and Mrs. Behan was 
unanimously chosen as Presidciii 
for a term of three years. This 
Confederation is composed of sixty 
or more Memorial Associations, the 
majority of these dating their or- 
ganization as far back as 1865, im- 
mediately after the surrender of 
•the remnant of Gen. Lee's incom- 
parable army. Many of these as- 
sociations existed during the four 
years of the war, having been 

formed for the purpose of aiding the soldiers who were then 
leaving for the seat of war. Clothing, uniforms, and provi- 
sions were supplied by these noble women, who were also 
constant in their tender ministrations to the sick and dying. 
At that lime these noble women were banded together and 
known as Soldiers' Aid Societies. 

Immediately after the surrender of the Confederate armies 
these same loyal and devoted women organized Memorial As- 
sociations to care for the graves of those who had sacrificed 
their lives on the altar of duty, and whenever practicable to re- 
move their remains from distant battlefields to their native 
soil, and there erect monuments that would tell to coming 
generations the story of their glorious deeds. And when Jef- 
ferson Davis wrote his great work, "The Rise and Fall of the 
Confederate Govcriinicnt," and dedicated it to the Women of 
the Confederacy, he paid a high tribute to these women, whom 
he knew to be as faithful and as valiant during these trying 
times as were their fathers, brothers, husbands, and sons whose 
swords they buckled on and sent forth to battle for Southern 


In 1894 the daughters of these women inaugurated that 
grand and enthusiastic organization, the United Daughters of 
the Confederacy. Their work and influence has spread over 
the whole South, also in many .sections North, and they have 
proved themselves worthy daughters of noble mothers. Quot- 
ing from the beautiful poem, dedicated to the women of the 
Confederacy, by Mrs. Virginia Frazer Boyle, of Memphis. 
Tenn., we can truthfully say: 

"Give the laurel to thr victor, 
Give the sonff unto the slain, 
Give the iron cross of honor 

Ere Death Liys the Soultiron down: 
But give to tite&e souls prt»ven. 

Tried l)y fire anci by pain, 
A memory of tlieir mother love 
That pressed an iron crown.** 

At the fourth aimual convention of the Confederated South- 
ern Memorial .\ssociation, held in New Orleans, in May, 
1903, Mrs. Behan was chosen agani 
unanimously as President for a 
second term of three years. The 
growth and success of the Confed- 
eration is due largely to her zeal 
and enthusiasm. 

The Confederated Southern Me-I 
morial Association is cooperating' 
with the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy in the erection of the 
Jefferson Davis Monument. A his- 
tory of the "Confederated Memo- 
rial Associations of the South" is 
now being compiled, to be sold for 
the benefit of this monument. 

Mrs. Behan's handsome home on 
-Mhambra Plantation, Whitecas- 
ile. La., has been the scene of many 
elegant entertainments; one in par- 
ticular given in honor of her guest. 
Miss Mary Custis Lee, will be re- 
membered by those who had the 
Kood fortune to be present. 

To those who know personally 
the noble, patriotic woman, it may 
seem odd to say that "she is one of 
the oldest members of the Ladies' 
Southern Memorial .'\ssociation." The statement is bor- 
rowed. It seems incredible that Katie Walker was old enough 
in the sixties to take active interest in the Confederate Cause. 
so youth'ful in appearance and active is she now. The Vet- 
eran has long desired to pay tribute to this President of the 
C. S. M. A., giving honor to whom honor is due, but she has 
not concurred in the opinion that giving her prominence was 
at all important to the success of the great work over which she 
presides. Her generous spirit in having this oldest of all 
Confederate organizations adopt the Veteran as its official 
organ will never be forgotten by its founder. 

A Veteran Who Never Missed a Battle. 
The author of a book on the Washington Artillery wrote 
of Comrade Behan: "In this battle [Fredericksburg] Lieut. 
W. J. Behan, who had won his spurs at Sharp-sburg, first as- 
sisted in the command of the fourth company. Besides being 
a good officer, he enjoyed the honor of never having missed jl; 
a roll call or battle during the war." He is ex-Mayor of New ^^ 
Orleans, his native city. 

QoQfederat^ l/eterai>. 



Capt. R. E. Park, State Treasurer of Georgia, sends the list: 

"I have just conferred with Gov. Terrell, who had the ap- 
pointment of the pallbearers at Gen. Gordon's funeral, and he 
gave me the following names : 

"S. A. Cunningham, Nashville, Tenn. ; Gen. B. A. Teague, 
Aiken. S. C.; Gen. W. E. Mickle, Mobile, Ala.; Gen. B. H. 
Yoimg, Louisville, Ky. From Georgia there were : Gen. C. 
M. Wiley, Macon; Gen. S. W. Harris, Carrollton; Capt. John 
Triplett, Thomasville; Maj. W. W. Hulbert, Atlanta; Capt. 
R. E. Park, Macon; Col. W. S. Shepherd, Columbus; Capt. 
E. P. Howell, Atlanta; Capt. J. L. McCollum, Marietta. 

"The following names were also on the list, but were not 
in the city, and the other. Gov. Jones, was among the orators 
and invited guests — namely, Col. J. T. EUyson, of Virginia; 
Gen. G. P. Harrison, of Alabama ; Col. J. A. Lovell, Tallahas- 
see, Fla. ; Gon. Robert Lowry, of Mississippi. Hon. Thomas 
G. Jones was also in the list, but he was one of the speakers 
and invited guests. 

"The pallbearers who bore the casket were: Capt. W. H. 
Harrison, Thirty-First Georgia; and Privates E. D. L. Mobley, 
First .-XTkansas ; J. C. Huff, Cobb's Georgia Cavalry Legion; 
J. H. Sutlcn, Thirty-First Georgia; G. N. Dexter, Third 
Georgia ; Samuel Ogletree, J. L. Bosworth, D. J. Smith, and 
R. O. Ford." 

Gen. Gordon's Regard for Editor of the Veteran. 

In a letter from Rockbridge Alum Springs, Va., August 21. 
1899, upon notice of a suit for libel with which readers of the 
Veteran are familiar. Gen. Gordon responded : 

"i am not advised as to the character of the criticism of 
which you speak, and your letter gives me the first information 
of the suit to which you refer. Without looking into the 
matter at all, I have no hesitation in saying that nothing could 
induce me to believe that you had intentionally wronged any 
man. much less a Confederate soldier. 

"My enga.gements have been so constant that, together with 
the confusion and dismay consequent upon the loss of my 
home by fire with nearly all that was in it, and my subsequent 
efforts to reimburse myself by lecturing, the privilege of keep- 
ing up with the progress of events has been denied me. I 
am here now for rest and recuperation." 

Gen. Gordon in the Northwest. 

G. H. Blakeslee, of Eddyvillc, Neb., in renewing subscrip- 
tion for the Veteran, refers to Gen. Gordon : 

"Our papers, especially those who have ever paid some re- 
spect to the veteran soldiers — more particularly the G. A. R. 
papers — have but words of love and kindness for the illus- 
trious dead of the Southland. To me, news of the death of the 
noble Gordon is f)€culiar!y sorrowing. We had learned to love 
and appreciate his noble character. Time and again he has 
been with us at our meetings, and endeared himself to us 
with his noble patriotic words. In the home of every true sol 
dier of the Koith there are but the kindest memories of Gen. 
John B. Gordon." 

In Memory of Gen. Gordon at De Funiak Springs, Fla. — 
Mayor G. P. Henry was called to the chair, and James A. 
McLean made Secretary. The Chairman paid a glowing 
tribute to the memory of the distinguished dead. He was fol- 
lowed by Wallace Bruce, President of the Florida Chautauqua, 
and spoke eloquently and feelingly of Gen. Gordon's life, re- 
ferring particularly to his labor of love in bridging the bjpody 
chasm, and allaying the bitter feeling engendered by four 
years of fratricidal war. William Rogers, Capt. R. E. Rose, 
Prof. Gessard. Prof. C. M. Conner, Capt. Stubbs, Capt. Colver, 

and Judge McLeod made short and well-timed addresses. 
Mayor Henry, Judge McLeod, and Secretary McLean re- 
ported suitable resolutions, saying that 'in the death of 
Gen. John B. Gordon the South has lost one of her most es- 
teemed citizens ; the Confederate Veterans a wise and beloved 
commander ; and the entire Union a splendid type of Amer- 
ican manhood.'' 

Personal Tribute to Gen. J. B. Gordon. 

In personal tributes, Philip H. Fall, of Houston, Te.x., said : 

''He was a soldier and a statesman. His oratorical talents^ 
were of the highest order, and often in his magnificent perora- 
tions he held his audience in perfect, magnetic spell, 

"As has often been experienced by audiences of thousands, 
he alone could enforce order and control the vast throng. His 
voice was peculiarly constituted, and without effort his slight- 
est exclamation would penetrate to every ear understandingly. 
His repartee was of that happy nature, never giving offense, 
but acting as oil upon the troubled waters. 

"He was a sublime dictator, for when he spoke all else was 
silent, and gave ready ear to his majestic speech. Whenever 
his gavel fell and his musical voice called, 'Come to order, 
boys,' quiet instantaneously assumed its sway. 

'Discord fled at the wave of his hand. 
Harmony prevailed at Gordon's command; 
His gavel fell, his musical voice 
Gently exclaimed, "Come to order, my boys!" ' 

"He was the most attractive conversationalist of his genera- 
lion, his mind was so completely stored with the history of the 
world of which any record is known. His knowledge of hu- 
manity in all its phases, his great mind, coupled with a natural 
grace of expression, gave him such a magnetism over those 
with whom he came in contact that he was at all times and 
in all places master of the situation." 

Typical Southern Pride of Gen. Gordon. 

Soon after the fire that destroyed Gen. Gordon's home, in 
the fall of 1899, he learned that a movement had been inau- 
gurated by Veterans to rebuild it, and he immediately wrote 
from Rockbridge Alum Springs, Va., to Gen. Moorman, his- 
chief of staft': 

"My Dear General: I have just received your letter inform- 
ing me that the Army of Northern Virginia, Camp No. i, 
U. C. v., and Veteran Confederate States Cavalry, Camp No. 
9, U. C. v., both of New Orleans, La., have notified you that 
they are taking steps to rebuild my home, lately destroyed by 
fire. No words that I could employ could adequately express, 
my gratitude to those brave and devoted comrades for thi* 
manifestation of regard for me and of sympathy in my great 
misfortune. I request you, however, to say to those Camps, 
and to any others making a similar move, that I cannot permit 
them to carry out this generous purpose. With the land on 
which my home stood free from incumbrance, and with my 
health somewhat improved, I hope to be able by my own 
efforts to rebuild my home before a great while." 

Boys Made Gen. Gordon Run. 
The story is told that on a snowy day some years ago in 
-Atlanta, Gen. (Governor) Gordon was on his way to the old 
State capitol. A crowd of boys from a military school were 
waiting in ambush for him. Suddenly the air was full of 
snowballs, and the General was literally covered witli snow. 
He gracefully lifted his silk hat and said: "Boys, I surrender." 
"But we want you to run," came in chorus, and with it more 
snowballs. "Young gentlemen, I will," he said. And he did 
with vigor until he reached a place of safety. 


(^OFjfederate Ueterarj. 



The first joint convention of the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy in Virginia was held in Norfolk on October 2i-2j, 
1903, in Christ Church Parish House, the delegates being the 
guests of the Pickett-Buchanan Chapter, U. D. C. Miss Ruth 
Jennings, of Lynchburg, First Vice President, presided in 
place of Mrs. W. A. Smoot, President, who was detained at 
home by illness. The convention was opened with prayer b> 
Rev. Carl E. Grammer, rector of Christ Church, Norfolk. 

Mrs. Charles G. Elliott, President of Pickelt-Buchanan 
Chapter, made a cordial address of welcome, which was re- 
sponded to by Miss Ruth Jennings. 

The roll, by Chapters, was then called. Thirty-five Chapters 
■were represented by their own delegates and fifteen by proxy. 
Other delegates arrived later. 

The Richmond Chapter has nearly five hundred members, 
and the Pickett-Buchanan, including the auxiliary with one 
hundred and fifty members under the able management of 
Mrs. Frank Anthony Walke, has three hundred. The Chapter 
reports were all of great interest and showed splendid work 
and increased interest in the sacred cause assumed by the 
Daughters of the Confederacy. 

Reports of the standing and the special committees occupied 
the morning session of Thursday. 

Thursday evening a literary session was held, inaugurated 
by Mrs. Philip E. Yeatman, who read an interesting paper on 
the duties of the Daughters of the Confederacy and the im- 
portance of instilling into the younger generation the principles 
of our fathers and love of the commonwealth. 

Judge Theodore S. Garnett introduced Mrs. Janie Hope 
Marr, who read a paper on her distinguished father, Capt. 
James Barron Hope, quoting largely from his poems. She 
•was much applauded by the audience. Mrs. W. W. Strother 
contributed a most able paper on the "Organization of Wom- 
en's Clubs." Mrs. Yeatman also read a valuable paper writ- 
ten by Mrs. Nellie Deans Taylor, of Gloucester, on "The 
Causes of Secession," showing much thought and research. 
Interspersed between the papers were music and Southern 
songs, including "Dixie," in which the audience joined. 

On Friday, after a morning session, an oyster roast was 
given the visiting delegates by the Pickett-Buchanan Chapter 
at Willoughby Club, which was participated in by most of the 
convention. It gave the ladies an opportunity to meet in- 
formally, and was greatly enjoyed. Tlie election of officers 
at night resulted as follows: 

Honorary Presidents — Mrs. James Mercer Garnett, Balti- 
more; Mrs. Philip T. Yeatman, Alexandria; Miss Mary A. 
Smith, Warrenton. 

President — Miss Ruth Jennings, Lynchburg. 

Vice Presidents — Mrs. Otto L. Evans, Amherst ; Mrs. B. B. 
Brochenbrough, Tappahannock ; Mrs. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart.. 
Norfolk; Mrs. J. C. Sitwell, Bedford City. 

Recording Secretary — Mrs. Pryor Jones, Petersburg. 

Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Stirling Murray, Leesburg. 

Treasurer — Mrs. C. B. Tate, Pulaski. 

Historian — Mrs. Philip E. Yeatman, Norfolk. 

Registrar — Mrs. James A. Scott, Lynchburg. 

Custodian — Mrs. J. H. Timberlake, Richmond. 

The next convention will meet at Petersburg. The Virginia 
Division now numbers over thirty-seven hundred members, 
and is next in size to Texas. 

This union of the first Virginia Division and the Grand 
Division of Virginia, so long desired, and yet so long delayed 
by force of circumstances, was accomplished on May 20, 1903, 

at Lynchburg, where delegates met from both Divisions to 
arrange the union. The Daughters of N'irginia have ever been 
one in efforts and one in principles, drawn together by the 
strongest ties of ancestrj- and affinity and in this great work 
which quickens the pulse and stirs the heart of every true 
Southern woman, as Mrs. Elliott feelingly remarked in her 
address of welcome. With the union of these two great bodies 
will come increased power and wider influence. 

That the convention was a very successful one was evi- 
denced by the harmonious way in which very important busi- 
ness was transacted, and by the fact that the deliberations of 
the Daughters in Norfolk have thoroughly cemented the ""e- 
cently formed union and assured to Virginia a "Love" that 
"makes memory eternal," the motto chosen from James Barron 
Hope by the Virginia Division, U. D. C. A red rose and a 
white rose worn together, representing life and purity re- 
spectively, was adopted as the floral emblem. With a cordial 
vote of thanks for Norfolk's hospitality, the convention closed 
Friday night at twelve o'clock with the long meter doxology, 
in which the vast audience joined with much solemnity. 


Miss Katie Daffan, of Ennis, Te.x., President of the Texas 
Division, U. D. C, forwarded to President Roosevelt the reso- 
lutions adopted by the State Convention at Houston in regard 
to his official recognition of Panama, in which she states : 

"In pursuance of a resolution unanimously adopted by the 
State Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
held in Houston, Tex., I, as President of the Texas Division, 
U. D. C, have the honor to transmit to you the Inclosed reso- 
lutions expressive of the sentiment of that body concerning 
your recent action in recognizing as a nation the new republic 
of Panama, formed after the secession of the State of Panama 
from the United States of Colombia. 

"Those composing the membership of our organization have 
always rested under the profound and conscientious conviction 
that any sovereign State had the right to withdraw from any 
compact of union, where such union had ceased to subserve 
the purposes of its formation, and they cherish with pride the 
deeds of those who so bravely battled against invasion which 
followed upon the assertion of that right by the people of the 

"And it is peculiarly gratifying to them to see you, in the 
exercise of the prerogatives of your high office, with the ap- 
proval of your able Secretary of State, give to the right of 
secession your indorsement. 

"Those whom I represent recognize that the question of 
secession is practically settled forever adversely to our conten- 
tion, but it is gratifying to us to know that even as an abstract 
question it has received indorsement from such exalted source. 

"We beg to tender you our assurance of esteem and to ex- 
press the desire that the great government of which you are 
the executive head may grow in greatness and glory, and in 
the language of Jefferson Davis, 'On the arch of the union of 
indestructible and sovereign States there may be engraved 
"Esto Pcrpctua." ' " 

The resolutions referred to are as follows : 

"Whereas the President of the United States, by his recent 
course toward the Republic of Panama, has shown to the 
world his indorsement of the principle of the right of secession ; 
and whereas the people of the Northern States, by their ac- 
ceptance and approval of his course, have shown that they 
have been led by him out of the fog of ignorance to the bright 
realms of truth attained by the Southern States so many years 
ago; therefore be it 

Qoi?federat^ l/eterai?. 


"Resolved, That we extend to the President the approval 
and affih'ation of the Daughters of the Confederacy of Texas, 
in convention assembled, for his indorsement of the principles 
and his vindication of the cause for which the Southern peo- 
ple fought so gloriously but so disastrously in the War be- 
tween the States." 


Many papers in the South have misrepresented recently con- 
cerning surviving lieutenant generals, mentioning that Gen. 
Gordon was the last of them. In fact, there are three sur- 
vivors, the senior being Gen. A. P. Stewart. The others arc 
Stephen U. Lee and S. B. Buckner. 

It is understood that Gen. Wheeler's status was the same 
as that of Gen. Gordon's; as, while acting as corps commandi^r 
at the close, he had failed to receive commission as lieutenant 
general. The editor of the Veteran wrote Gen. Gordon in 
regard to his rank in iSgp, and in his reply stated : 

"f was informed by Gen. Breckinridge, Secretary of War, 
while my corps was at Petersburg, that I had been made a 
lieutenant general. Like a great many other cases at that 
period of the war, my commission never reached me. I was, 
however, accorded the rank and assignment, but was waiting 
for my commission to the last before signing officially as 
lieutenant general." 


The annual meeting of the Florida Division, U. C. V., w;is 
held at Orlando December 9 and 10. There were represented 
thirty-one Camps out of a total of thirty-nine. 

The addresses of the opening session on Tuesday were ex- 
cellent. Judge Cooper was especially happy in his words of 
welcome on behalf of the local Camp and the people of St. 
Augustine. The address of Gen. Law, the Division Com- 
mander, was received with enthusiasm and its recommenda- 
tions generally adopted. Gov. Jennings made an address 
which, from a Northern standpoint, was replete with eulogiunis 
on the South and nobly generous to her cause. Greetings were 
sent to Gens. Finley, Miller, Iverson, and Bullock. A gavel 
from Comrade Robert W. Davis, made of wood taken from 
the historic field of Manassas, was presented to the Division. 
At this session the sponsors and maids of honor were present- 
ed and received with the usual enthusiasm by the veterans. 

At the morning session on Wednesday the report of the 
Adjutant General was presented, and reports of committees. 

The following action was taken pursuant to these reports: 
Veterans and Daughters of the Confederacy were urged to as- 
sist in organizing Camps of the Sons of Veterans in this 
State; a burial service was adopted, and the Adjutant General 
requested to have same printed for use of Camps ; those in 
charge of our public schools were urged to use greater efforts 
to rid our schools of falsified history, especially regarding 
the War between the States ; the Legislature was asked to make 
a larger appropriation for the Olustee monument, also to elim- 
inate from the pension law the age limit of sixty-five years, 
and the Adjutant General requested to present these matters 
to the next Legislature. A committee appointed to look into 
the matter reported for information that the Confederate bat- 
tle flag was of square shape, and not oblong, as is often seen. 
A Confederate Slates naval Hag displayed in the convention 
attracted much attention. It is oblong with a white ground, 
and the Southern Cross and thirteen stars in the field, the 
cross in red. 

Gen. George Reese, from the Committee on the Battle Ab- 
bey, reported the original amount secured, but asked a further 
contribution to make the work complete, which was adopted. 

It was decided that the annual encampments of the Divi- 
sion should not be later than November 15. 

Thanks were extended to the ladies of St. Augustine with 
a rising vote and three cheers. 

Ocala, Jacksonville, Gainesville, Pensacola, and Fort Pierce 
contended for the next place of 'meeting, and Ocala won. 

Gen. Law having declined to permit the use of his name for 
reelection. Gen. Ballentine, of the Second Brigade, was elected 
to command the Division for the ensuing year. Gen. Law 
was unanimously elected Honorary Commander for life, with 
all the privileges and courtesies of that position. 

At the close of the Division meeting the Third Brigade held 
its annual meeting and reelected Gen. W. H. Jewell as Com- 
mander, making the sixth time this honor has been conferred 
on him. 


A most charming lecture of personal war experiences, en- 
titled "Memories of the Sixties," is being delivered by our 
distinguished friend. Gen. C. I. Walker, now living at Green- 
ville, S. C. Although the lecture is new, he has several ap- 
pointments in different parts of South Carolina to deliver it 
in aid of the Hampton monument and other worthy Confed- 
erate objects. Gen. Walker succeeded Gen. Wade Hampton 
as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia Depart- 
ment, U. C. V. The Veteran has given much of Gen. Walk- 
er's distinguished services in the war. Some of the many in- 
cidents of this service must prove intensely interesting as 
told by one who is so capable and eloquent. In his long career 
of active service he must have struck upon many incidents 
of humor and pathos which are embodied in the lecture. He 
commanded the Tenth South Carolina Infantry. 

Gen. Walker has deeply at heart the proposed monument to 
the Women of the Confederacy, and the veterans owe it to 
these glorious women, as well as to themselves, that it be 
erected in the near future. Recent sad bereavements ad- 
monish us that our time on earth is rapidly drawing to a close^ 
and diligence in such matters is imperative if we would per- 
form our duty. Confederate organizations might secure the 
services of Gen. Walker and send him on a pilgrimage 
through the South. By his lecture, funds might be raised and 
enthusiasm aroused which would do much good. 

Gen. Walker, an active participant, tells of the movements 
of armies and the most thrilling episodes. He was in contact 
with the private soldier — the maker of the glory of our gen- 
erals and of our cause. He presents vividly facts in that im- 
mortal struggle for Confederate liberty. 

Any Chapter of the Daughters or Camp of the Veterans or 
Sons, having any special object to advance, could materially 
help the same by securing Gen. Walker in this lecture. The 
word "lecture" carries with it to the popular mind the idea 
of requiring an audience of cultured or literary people, but the 
scope of Gen. Walker's lecture appeals to the sentiment of 
loyalty to Confederate memories. It will interest every loyal 
friend in our dear Southland, especially. 

"Some Go Up and Some Go Down." — In Hooker's "Battle 
Above the Clouds" a good portion of Walthall's Brigade was 
captured, placed on board a steamboat, and started for prison. 
They were consigned to the upper deck of the steamer, and as 
they were being marched up the steps leading to that part of 
the boat they met a Yankee oflicer coming down. Scowling 
on them as they passed, he said : "Suppose this boat should 

sink ; what do you think would become of all- you d 

Rebels?" Quick as a flash the answer came from one of the 
lean, lank Rebs: "Just the same as it is now. Cap.; we would 
continue to go up and you would continue to go down." 


Confederate Uetcrar}, 

We met them on the common way, 

They passed and gave no sign — 
The heroes that had lost the day. 

The failures, half divine. 
Ranged in a quiet place, we see 

Their mighty ranks contain 
Figures too great for victory. 

Hearts too unspoiled for gain. 
Here are earth's splendid failures, come 

From glorious foughten fields ; 
Some bear the wounds of combat, some 

.\re prone upon their shields. 
To us, that still do battle here, 

!f we in aught prevail. 
Grant, God, a triumph, not too dear. 

Or strength, like theirs, to fail. 
— Elizabeth C. Cardolo, in Century Maga3ine. 


The death of Gen. James Longslreet occurred at the resi- 
dence of a daughter m Gainesville, Ga. His home had been 
on a romantic spot in that town for many years, although as 
the Railroad Commissioner for the 
United States much of the time since 
the death of Gen. J. E. Johnston, his 
predecessor, who was appointed by 
President Cleveland, he stayed in Wash 

Gen. James Longstrcet was born in 
Edgefield District, S. C, on January 8, 
1821. His family removed to Alabama 
in 1831, and he was appointed from that 
State to the West Point Military Acad- 
emy, where he was graduated in 1842. 
and was assigned to the Fourth Infan- 
try. He was at Jefferson barracks, Missouri, in 1842-44; on 
frontier duty at Natchitoches, La., in 1844-45; in Texas in 
1845-46, and in Mexico at the battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de 
la Palma, Monterey, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, San Antonio, 
Churubosco, and Moline del Rey. For gallant conduct in the 
two latter engagements he was brevetted captain and major, 
having already been made first lieutenant February 23, 1847. 
At the storming of Chapultepec, September 8, 1847, he was 
severely wounded. He was chief commissary of the depart- 
ment of Texas, 1849-51 ; was commissioned captain in De- 
cember, 1852, and major and paymaster in July, 1858. 

In 1861 he resigned to join the Confederate army, of which 
he was immediately appointed brigadier general, and won dis- 
tinction in the first battle of Bull Run, where he prevented a 
large force of Federal troops from supporting McDowell's 
flank attack. On May 5, 1862, he made a brave stand at Wil- 
liamsburg, where he was attacked by Hcintzelman, Hooker, 
and Karney, and held his ground sturdily until Hancock ar- 
rived to reenforce his opponents, when he was driven back. 


At the second battle of Manassas he commanded the first 
corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, which came prompt- 
ly to the relief of Jackson when he was hard pressed by 
Pope's army, and by a determined flank charge decided the 
fortunes of the day. When Lee retreated to Virginia, after 
the battle of Gettysburg, Gen. Longstreet, with five brigades, 
was transferred to Tennessee under Bragg, and at Chicka- 
mauga held the left wing of the Confederate forces. He re- 
joined Lee early in 1864, and was so prominent in the battle 
of the Wilderness that he was wounded by the fire of his 
own troops. He was in the surrender at Appomattox on 
April 9, 1865. Throughout the army he was familiarly known 
as "Old Pete," and was considered the hardest fighter in the 
Confederate service. He had the unbounded confidence of 
his troops who were ordered to him, and the whole army be- 
came imbued with new vigor in the presence of the foe 
when it became known down the line that "Old Pete" was up. 

Gen. Longstreet took up his residence in New Orleans after 
the war, and established the commercial house of Longstreet, 
Owens & Co. He was appointed surveyor of the port of 
New Orleans by Gen. Grant, and was afterwards supervisor I 
of internal revenue in Louisiana and postmaster of New Or- j 
leans. In 1880 he was sent as United States Minister to Tur- 
key by President Hayes and under Garfield was United States 
marshal for the district of Georgia. A few years ago he was ] 
appointed United States Commissioner of Railroads. Gen. 
Clement A. Evans, now commanding the Tennessee Depart- 
ment, U. C. v., said, in response to an interview : 

"He was one of those who believed that, the South being de- 
feated, there was no need of keeping alive in form even the 
differences between the sections. Grant was his friend, and f 
do not believe that when Longstreet was appointed to office in 
New Orleans the thought of seducing him ever entered the 
mind of the President, nor did Longstreet regard the ap- 
pointment as an attempt to win him over to Republicanism. 
But as time went on he committed himself beyond recall and 
there could be no denying the fact that he afliliated with 
the Republican party, which party he remained in till his death. 

"You ask me for incidents or characteristic anecdotes. 
There was probably no general of Longstreet's rank in the 
army about whom fewer anecdotes could be told, other than 
stories of such battles as he participated in. I remember one 
incident, however, that I myself saw. It was during the visit 
of Jefferson Davis to Atlanta after the war, the time he made 
the speech at the Ben Hill monument, at the junction of 
Peachtree and West Peachtree Streets. There was a great 
crowd of people there, and Mr. Davis was just about to begin 
his speech. 

"Suddenly a shout went up from the outer edges of the 
throng in the streets, and all eyes were turned up the street. 
There came Gen. Longstreet on horseback, clad in the full 
uniform of a Confederate general. The shouting swept in a 
tumultuous wave from the fringe of the crowd on through, 
and Rebel yell followed Rebel yell. Hats were thrown in the 
air and the hundreds went wild, while the soldier on tlie horse 
advanced with radiant face to meet his former chief. 

"Straight up to the platform came horse and rider, the con- 
course falling back to give them an avenue. At the foot cf 
the platform stops the man in gray, dismounted and sprang 
up with outstretched hand to grasp the hand extended toward 
him, and while the soldier and the statesman greeted one an- 
other, both beloved, the lookers-on went wild with uproarious 

"Now that the old fighter is dead, it is better to forget his 
mistakes, if he made any, and to remember only the great 

Qopfederate l/eterar? 


things of his Hfe, which, indeed, were many, and to honor 
him for their sake.'' 

In 1897 Gen. Longstreet was married to Miss Ellen Dortch. 
former Assistant State Librarian. Her concise report of him 
will be pleasing to his old soldiers and admirers: 

" 'When Gen. Longstreet surrendered his sword at Appomat- 
tox, his war record was made up. It stands unassailable, 
needing no defenders. Back of the day that opened so aus- 
piciously for the Confederate cause at the first Manassas and 
the four years that followed, lives the record of a quarter of 
a century in the Union army.' 

"In those limes Gen. Longstreet, at Cerro Gordo, Molino 
del Rey, and Chapultepec, was aiding to win the great empire 
of the West, in subsequent hard Indian campaigns lighting 
the fagots of a splendid Western civilization, and from 18(11 
to 1865 with his matchless military genius adding new glory 
to American arms, and in the struggles of a nation that fill 
a new star of the first magnitude to the galaxy of American 
valor, completing one of the most lustrous pages in the 
world's war history. That page cannot be dimmed or dark- 
ened. It rests secure in its own white sjilendor, above the 
touch of time." 

After his appointment by President McKinley as United 
States Railroad Commissioner in 1898, Gen. and Mrs. Long- 
street resided, for the most part, in Washington, D. C. They 
spent part of their time during the summer seasons at the 
General's summer homeat Longstreet Heights, near Gainesville. 

A number of years ago Gen. Longst reel's elegant home was 
destroyed by firo. and near its site he erected a nice cottage, 
which was used by him when here, and which is now occupied 
by his son, Randolph Longstreet. 

Dr. T. G. Birchett. 

January i, 1904, was a sad day for Vicksburg, and the usual 
greeting of Happy New 'Year was forgotten, for as friend 
met friend the only words heard were: "Dr. Birchett is dead." 

Dr. T. G. Birchett was born at Orange C. H., Va., June 27, 
1835. He was the son of Dr. George Heith Birchett, who died 
in Vicksburg many years ago. 

Dr. Birchett graduated at the Philadelphia Medical College 
at twenty-four years of age, and with the exception of a short 
time spent in Arkansas, 'Vicksburg had always been his home. 
He was sixty-eight years of age at the time of his death. 

He went into the War between the States as surgeon for 
the Warren Light Artillery, but soon rose to be surgeon of 
Hardee's Corps, which position he held throughout the war. 
He was ever at the front and true to the Confederate cause 
to the end of his life. After he returned home, at the close of 
the war, he renewed the practice of medicine, and no man 
ever did more to relieve the afflicted than he. His kind heart 
would never let him refuse a call, regardless of the hour, 
weather, or remuneration ; and the poor of the city, both white 
and black, have lost their best friend. All city offices were 
closed out of respect for the dead, and the flag on the city 
hall lowered to half-mast. 

The deceased had held many positions of honor and trust. 
He was a member of the city council for years, twice Mayor. 
represented the county one term in the Legislature, ^as county 
physician at the time of his death, and surgeon of the U. C. 
V. Camp here. He was a Mason in high rank, a member of 
the K. of P. and other benevolent orders. He was also, a 
number of years ago, in charge of the Stale hospital. 

Dr. Birchett returned at I p.m. on December 31 from a sev- 
eral days' hunt at Bear Lake, La., which he expressed him- 
self as having enjoyed exceedingly. He sat and talked that 
night with his family till eleven o'clock, when he retired and 

slept well. At six o'clock the next morning, after he and his 
wife had exchanged several remarks, she went, as was her 
custom, to unlock the door for the servant. As she started 
back to bed the Doctor made such a peculiar choking noise 
that his wife called him; but, receiving no reply, she became 
alarmed, lighted the gas, and hurried to his side, but in a 
moment the noble heart had ceased to beat. 

In May, 1S66, Dr. Birchett married Miss Clara Estelle Klein, 
daughter of the late Mt. John Klein. His bereaved wife and 
six children survive him: Dr. J. A. K. Birchett, T. G. Birchett, 
Jr., of Vicksburg; Mr. Clarence Birchett. of New York; Mr. 
George K. Bircliett. with the Y. and M. V. R. R., and now at 
Gramacy, La.; Misses Nora, Estelle, and Mahala. 

Never in the history of Vicksburg has there been such an 


outpouring of the people to pay a last loving tribute to one so 
dear to all. The deep-toned requiem of Holy Trinity's bell 
was followed by those on the public buildings. All of the 
military and other organizations in the city turned out in their 
different uniforms to do him honor. The flags of the Third 
Regiment, National Guard, were draped on each side the 
casket ; at the head was the battleflag of the Ninth Mississippi 
Infantry, C. S. A.; at the foot the guidon of the First Georgia 
Regiment ; across the breast was laid his Masonic apron ; his 
military saber. Knights Templar sword, belt, and cap crossed 
at the head. The entire ceremony, at both church and cem- 
etery, was imposing to the last degree. The floral offerings, 
which were many and beautiful, were carried to the grave 
in a wagon drawn by the Doctor's old favorite horse. The 
services ended, the guns of the battery fired a parting salute 
to the lamented dead. Peace to his ashes ! and may God com- 
fort and uphold the wife in her loneliness, and the many sad 
hearts so sorely bereft ! 


C^opfederat^ l/eterar}. 

An old phfilciui, retired from pncUoe, lud plkeed id 
kiB luada by an Kjui lodtA miasioo&rj lb« furmulA of a 
limpU v«geUble remedy for the ■peedy and pennao«Dt 
•ore of CoiuumpUuD, BroDcbitin, Catarrh^ Asibiua, and 
all Throai and Lung Affections; h'.to a j>o«iUTe and radical 
mn for Kerrous l>ebiIiiT and all Kcrrous Complaint*. 
Earing t«at«d fu wondirfut cunuire powt-re in thou^&oda 
•f caaee, aod dealhDg to n-Iiero human nutlenng, I will 
Mad frM of chares to aM wtm wihh it t)ns r>-cii>t', id (io^- 
n, PreDch,or English, with full dlr«tiouit r 'f [trtrpAT' 

kg and tuiog. Seat br maiL br addreesixiK, with »tAmp, 
'biA ^per, W. * " - _ J? _ — -f- 

iog tbiA 

A. KuyeA, 047 fowera BloCK, 


This is the title of a book recently 
issued by the Neale Publishing Company 
of Washington, D. C. The author, Capt. 
David Humphreys, Norfolk, Va., was 
originally a member of the old "Stone- 
wall Brigade," but afterwards a captain 
in Ashby's Cavalry. It is a record of 
deeds performed by daring scouts in 
the Army of Northern Virginia, many 
of them participated in by the author, 
and others that came under his personal 
observation. It is a series of dangerous 
adventures of scouts and spies, of fun 
and pathos from beginning to end, told 
in a way that will interest the general 
reader as well as the old soldier. 

G. W. Feezor, Elva, Ky., would like 
to hear from any member of White's 
Battery, Wheeler's Cavalry, commanded 
by L. M. Pue most of the time. 



The above is a picture of Mrs. Gen. 
George E. Pickett. She will be South 
in February and March under the man- 
agement of the Southern Lyceum Bu- 
reau, Louisville, Ky., and there are a 
few open dates for her famous readings 
and recitals. 



Best Coinfh 8yrup. 'lastfs (Juod. Use 
Iq time, rtnld by drui'ijlstH, 




A Southern man visiting Gettysburg 
sees tablets and monuments at every 
spot where a Federal oflicer fell or wa^ 
wounded, from lieutenant up to general, 
but the places where our Confederaic 
officers fell are unknown and unmarked. 
I want to get the facts from veterans 
now living who were there as to the 
spot where any officer of their com- 
mand was wounded or killed, so mari<- 
ers can be correctly located before it is 
loo late to get these facts. Any veteran 
who saw an officer killed or wounded is 
kindly asked to write me the particulars 
as to where and how done. If you 
can't tell location by house, ravine, road, 
battery, or other object, state what com- 
pany it occurred nearest to and what 
regiment and the position of your regi- 
ment in your brigade, whether on right, 
left, or center of the brigade, and give 
the time of day as near as you can do 
so. Recite any act of daring or bravery 
you saw there, giving the name of the 
person engaged, and state where it oc- 
curred, that the facts may be preserved 
and the South shown up there as she 
deserves to be. Tell exactly where each 
of these officers was killed or wounded : 
Barksdale, Armistead, Pettigrew, Trim- 
ble, Hood, Semmes, G. T. Anderson, 
Garnett, Kemper, Avery, Fry, Heth, 
Scales, Latimer, and others, as they, 
with two exceptions, are known now 
only by some veteran who was an eye- 
witness. The Sons of Veterans are in- 
terested and want all facts obtainable. 
.'Vddress J. F. Means, Lock Box 615, 
.Macon, Ga. 

Dulaney M. Richards, of Dalton, Mo., 
would like to hear from any old com- 
rades of the Forty-Third Virginia Bat- 
talion of Cavalry, commanded by Col. 
John S. Mosby, and asks especially after 
Jerome Wright and William Cromwell, 
who were both from Baltimore, Md. 
Comrade Richards was from FaFrfax 
County, Va., and a member of Company 



Every Honest 




The Perfect Riiucdy for 

Wounds, Bruises, Burns, 
Sprains, Colic, Cramps, 
Diarrhoea and Flux .... 

PerBottle, 10 Cents, 50 Cents, $1.00 


A, Mosby's Command. With several 
others he was captured near Middles- 
burg, Va., in April of 1864, and sent to 
the Old Capitol Prison at Washington, 
D. C, and from there to Fort W'arren, 
Boston Harbor, Mass., and confined un- 
til June, 1865. 

J. H. Doyle, Granbury, Tex., writes 
in reference to the removal of Gen. 
Granbury's remains from St. John's 
Cemetery at Ashwood, Tenn., to Texas: 
"Gen. Granbury's remains were disin- 
terred by my brother. Dr. J. N. Doyle, 
who was a surgeon in the Army of 
Northern Virginia, and brought to this 
place by him and leinterred in Novem- 
ber, 1893. Our town was named in hon- 
or of this gallant General, and our 
county in honor of Gen. Hood." 



.lust write me tcu ii^iiui'^ ut sjiectudu wuuriTS lltul 1 will do tills:— First I will mall 
yiiu my iiorloct Home Kje Tustur Kree. Tliun (utter you liavc scut mo your test) 1 will 
mail you a. full S2.60 family set of spectacles (which will wear yourself aud family a llfe- 
timei lor only Jl.llll— !in<l with this I will also send a liandsome Rolled Gold fair Free. My 
regular iirice for this full family set of spectacles Is »2.5U and your honiu dealers are charginu 
from *2..')0 to $5.00 a-palr for them, which wcmld make this set cost you ahout »10.U0 if you bought 
them from your home merchant. I am really giving away the whole set tree (the dollar 1 will ask you 
to send mo with your test is 4iiil,v to pay for this announcement!. I am doing this for a short llmo 
oiil.v. Just to i»rovo to vou and all other spectacle wearers in the United States that ni.v spectacles— 
the I>r. Haux "Famous Perfect." Vision Spectacles— are the most perfect tlttlng, clearest and the best money can huy. and I'll give you your dollar back and let you keep the spectacles also If you 
T«iiii'H('It' don't say tlicv are the best and nnest you have ever bought at any jirice. Address:- 
i>lt, ilAUX SI'KJTACI.K «'0.. HT. LOllS. MO. tift «'AXT .*«EXTS AliSO. 
NOTE.— The above Is the largest spectacle bouse In the United States and Is thoroughly reliable. 

Qopfederate Ueteraij. 


For Kidneys, 
Bladder and 

New Discovery by Which All Can Now 
Easily Cure Themselves at Home— Does 
Away With Surgical Operations— Posi- 
tively Cures Brig^ht's Disease and 
Worst Cases of Rheumatism— Thou- 
sands Already Cured— Note Indorsers. 


At lait ibcrs ii ft acirDtifit way lo oure v oarnvlf of unj 

ki'lDtT, t>lt'ld«t 01 th«uu<iLic di>*M« iu a v^ry thort ttm* 

ID four owD honif tnd witb. 

out lb* vipeo^e of docton. 

<1iQ{gUt3 or nurgeoQ'i Tb? 

{■ledii helooftit U' [■■. BdwiD 

Turoock. n uoied Kr^DCb* 

AnipriciiQ phT»irt%ii Rud nci- 

pnlisi who hu niRde a li(<'- 

I loDg study of ib«9e diaeiiseB 

' «Ld i» mnr id sole pittneeiiao 

(.( certftin Ingretlienls vfhicb 

lisre all AlODi; beeo needed 

And Without which cures weie 

iiiipiifisible. The donor seems 

jiisufie'l rn his itionf; slste- 

*nieiiu Hs ihe treatment hks 

*ft\ thoroughly iiivps(ifl;n 1*^(1 he^iides l>eine: tried id 

loopns s, 8Rnilanu'.us, etc.. and (jsn been fi und ti> be all 

that IS claimed fo4 it. It cniilnuiH nothing Iminifui but 

neveitheless the hishesi. niiihonties say il will pusiiivc Ir 

" ■ " ■ , * ' diLp^T, cmvfl, wc«K 

hack, ft one in thi- hi adder, bloated biadner, fieqiieot 

cur? Blight's dim-iisf, diBhele«, 

desire to urinate, nlt>iimiDAiiR, sugMi m thf \iriiie, {<aiiib 
■0 the back, legs, aides stul ovei the kidneys, swelling 
uf the feet and mikles, Teienlion ol nnne, scalding f^pi- 
tiHK up nights, pain in the bladder, wflimi: the bi-d and 
ancn rheutnatic nllecti'ian tut chroinc, tiuiscular oi in- 
flainnialiiry rheuinalisni, sciatica, rheumatic ueuialBiR, 
Imntm^^o, gotit, eic, which aie onw known to be due 
entiiely to line ncid poison lu the kidofys — iu short, 
•-veiy ii'Mn <<l Itidupy, blftdder or unnniy tiouble lo 
manl w-inian or chihl 

That the tngtedients will do all Ihi? is the opinion ot 
ouch Htitlioiities lis Dr. Wilks of GuvV Ilooplai. Knndoii; 
the editors ol thf I'niled Stn'ea Pispeiisntoiy and the 
Ameiicau rbarmHcopfflia, bi'lh itHlcml wurks; Di M C. 
Wood, piernbei of i he XHinnftl Academy of .^^cifiice 
and It bug li-t of otbi-r'* wild npeak of it in the highest 
terms. P-tit ail ibts and nnne i« explained in a 6*-t'«ge 
illnalinted hmik wUicli sets toith tn>- dncloi's oiieinal 
*iews and goe.i dtn-l'ly into the suiyert of kidney, olad- 
rtei and ihetimatu' di«»eai«e«. He wants you to have IhtM 
hook n^ well aj> n tiial treAlnieiit of hl.t discovery, and 
you can get Iht^in entiiely free, without >tamps ot 
money, by nddiessuig the Ti'irnock Mtv^hcal Co,,,v>fiTur- 
Bock Hiiildaig, Chicago, 111., and na thousands have 
■Iresfly bt'en cuied there is even re^sou to believe it 
will cuie you if only you will be ili..i;glinul enough to 
•»>Dd for tiie fl*e trial' and book. Write the first s|tniv 
tnomvul you have and soon you will be cured. 

It would seem that any reader so afflifted 
should write the company at ouce stme n<> 
money is involved and the indorsements nir 
from >*uch h hiRli and trtistwortliy source 

Agents of either sex should to-day 
write Marsh Manufacturing Co., 538 
Lake Street, Chicago, for cuts and par- 
ticulars of their handsome Aluminum 
Card Case with your name engraved on 
it and filled with one hundred calling 
or business cards. Everybody orders 
them. Sample case and one hundred 
cards, postpaid, forty cents. This case 
and one hundred cards retail at sevanty- 
tive cents. You have only to show sample 
to secure an order. Send forty cents in 
Y stamps at once for case and one hun- 
I dred cards before some one gets ahead 
of you. 

"THE K. K. K." 

The favorable reception this very in- 
teresting and timely book received from 
the public has necessitated a second edi- 
tion from the North River Publishing 
House. The story is one of the law's 
delay in dealing with crime and of mob 
violence resulting directly therefrom at 
the hands of that powerful and niyste- 
lious organization known as the Ku- 
Klux Klan that, almost in a single night, 
sprung into existence throughout the en- 
lire South during the dark days of re- 
construction and almost as quickly dis- 
appeared after accomplishing its mis- 

The story, briefly told, is that of a 
hand of law-abiding citizens having cap- 
tured a murderer and turned him over 
to the courts for trial, were so exas- 
perated by legal technicalities and con- 
tinuances for nearly two years that they 
took the prisoner by strategy from the 
sheriff and hung him on their own re- 
sponsibility. The author of the book, 
Judge C. W. Tyler, of Clarksville, 1 en:i., 
is, in point of service, the oldest crim- 
inal judge in the State, and one of the 
oldest in the United States, having been 
on the bench over thirty years, and no 
one is better qualified to speak or write 
of the ill effects of the law's delay in 
dealing with crime. The book will be 
interesting to all classes of readers, for, 
aside from the moral it teaches con- 
cerning the law, there is a love story 
throughout abounding with pathos and 
a rich vein of humor which one would 
scarcely suspect the dignified Judge pos- 
sessed, making the book interesting from 
l)eginning to end. 


to California points via Iron Mountain 
Route, leaving St. Louis 8:30 .\.M. daily 
for Los Angeles via "True Southern 
Route;" also tourist sleeping cars ou 
this same train for Los Angeles and San 
Francisco every Wednesday and Thurs- 
day. Best Winter Route to Californi:i. 
For further information, call on or ad- 
dress R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A., 
Room 202 Equitable Building, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Judge B. M. Baker, Canadian, Tex., 
asks that some member of Ward's Com- 
pany of Artillery, enlisted at Mobile, 
Ala., Fifth Battalion, Cumming's Bri- 
gade, who remembers James Dempsey, 
sometimes called Jack Dempsey, will 
write him, as it will aid in getting this 
worthy old man in the Confederate 


100 FOR 35 CENTS. 

/"■All IM/^ lin^raved K£ferl— () vi r Own 
LALLIINU l'";"'\ WhUe, crisp card, in 
lull stvle. rwo-cenl slninp for 
PAPn^ samples. 

The Ohio Plate Co.. Dept C, Cincinnati, 0. 

At the last monthly meeting of Camp 
Tom Moore, No. 556, U. C. V., of 
Apalachicola, Fla., the following officers 
were elected for the year : Commander, 
P. W. Belleau; Adjutant, A. J. Murat ; 
Secretary, William Donahoe ; Collector, 
R. C. Blocker. These comrades have 
reorganized their Camp again, and in 
the future will hold regular monthly 
meetings, assessing each member (as 
they are few) the sum of 25 cents per 
month for incidental e.xpcnses 

5II|p ffinbrrtsiin - ?^f mpliill 
llurrljasing Ayrnry, 

923 iShir^ Abriiur. 
SouiBliillr, iKif. 

Shoppinff nf ;iU kiiuis ijiveii proi'ii.t nttrntlon. 
Ciowiis made. Satisfaction iriT.Tratit^^d 

A clean record of satisfied customers and 
46yenr^of honest dealing, true quality, style, 
fimsh and weicht. A record any mauuf'act- 
urer might feel proud of. 

Our plain gold ritips are sold for as low as 
it is possible to sell reliable plumb quality 

No charge for Engraving Initials. Mottosor 
names. Write for onr ilhislrated catalogue 
of Watches, Jewelrv. Silverware, etc. 

C. p. BARNES &CO. 

504-5c^'> W. Market St. LOUISVILLF. KY 



Bond Building, Washington, D. C. 

Paleiils and Trade- Marts secured in tile United 
Stall's atid Koreiijn Cotintries. Pattiphiet of in- 
litrtictions furnished free on application. 



aIsoi>tluT line Laces 

A jfoldenoppoiiuniiylomake money at home 
during leisure hours. <>iir new book, I'lncticxi 
La(-e-i\lMkin^.>ri ve.s rnll particulars, llnndsnntf 
Iv ilJu-^trnteil. free upon reipiest. A«Mres9 TOR- 


C^opfederate Ueterai). 





A discovery (tf more lli;in usual interest lo llii- 
me<liciil profession !m«l tin' people al iarjce lia> 
been nincie by Dr. D. .M. Bye, wlio has Iwen .il 
work for years to perfci't a r.iiiiinal treatment tor 
cancer. After much experiinenting, he has per- 
fected a Ctnnbination of Oils whicli will act Kpo- 
ciflcallv on liisensed liAsiie, leavjinr unharnu''! 
the son'mt. The treiiiuicnt niiginatcil and per- 
fected by him is both l(»cal au<l constitutional. 
I'he Oils, being povvei'ftil absorbent, are applie<l 
directly to the uiseaseil area, in external cases, 
and directly over tile seat of the trouble in inter- 
nal cases. "My ttieir selei-tive action on the tissue 
of low vitality they e.-isily accoini)lish the thor. 
oiiKh dissolution of the diseased cells aud ile- 
uroy the perms. <Jf course It is well umlerstood 
that in malignant diseases all the cells are nru 
confined to one given area, but ai'e scattere'l ir- 
regulaiiy in the surrounding tissue, some find 
ing their way into the lymph channels and blood 
vessels. It is therefore essential that a remedy, 
in order to be effective, must h;ive seleciiVe 
action, and. furtiier, that a properly prepared 
Illooii Purifier inu-t be given. Such' is the na- 
tui*e of tills wonderful Combination of Oils. Th<- 
special Blood Piirifior acts in <lirect communion 
with, the Oils, destroying the diseasetl cells 
wherever tlier mav be found, purifying: the 
blood, and assisting in the general upbuilding of 
the patient. 


We are jiistiiiable in the claim that the Com- 
bination Oil Cure is the only siicressfiil remedy 
for cancer and malignant diseases. How many, 
iiiaiiy poor snlTeiers have been horribly disfig- 
ured'and suffered untold agony at the hands of 
quarks wliu nsed the burning plaster' How 
many have endured sufTeriiig an<l death from 
the surgeon's miel knife' Surely it should 
prove a bici^sing to siifTerers that at last these 
torturous methods may be supplanted by a mild. 
eafe, and certain cure. The oils aie soothing 
anil b.'dmy. and ran be used at home with entire 
success. Many hundreds have been cured in 
this way. Kead what a patient aays. 

Atwki.i., Tkx., Febi uary 24, 1902. 
Dt. D. M. Bi/e Co.. Dallas, Tex. 

Kind Fkiknds: Words will not expi-esa my 
gratitude for the great benefit received fi-oiii 
vour Oil Cure for the cancer on my lip. It is 
healed up all riirlit, ami 1 take great pleasure in 
recoiumendini.' your womlerfiil Oil due to any 
that may be sithering fi(»ni that loathsome ifls- 
eiise, feeling .-issiired that they would never re- 
gret giving It a trial. 

You mav use this letter in any way you see fit. 
And, liofiing It will be a blessing to someone, 1 
beg to retii.'un your true friend, J. ti. Muss. 

This jiatient had a cancer invoh ing the entire 
lowei-li|). Growing worse, he had tried burn- 
ing plasters, aud cancer leruiied. lie is well 
known anfl a Christian. 


Rev. Ell Kathir, UatlifT. K >•. 

Mrs, Martha (iib-oii. Chestnut ami Theodore 
Streets, Dallas, 'I'ex. 

Itev. .S. \V. .lones, I'lttsburg, Tex., wile i-urod 
of ovarian tumor. 

Mrs. Leila Hunt, Bovina, Tex., cancer of 

Hon. T. F. Meece. l>ivingston, Tex., cancer In 
front of ear. 

Mrs. U. S. Hidalgo, Orange, Tex., tibial ulcer. 

Mrs. N. J. Carlton, Saidis, Miss., cancer of 

Martha B. Patterson. Olive Hill, Tenn., lupus. 

Mrs. M. K. Hughes, llurtsel. Ark., eczema. 

Mrs. J. D. White, Carthage, Miss., cancer of 


Send a description of your case and receive 
our advice, together with illustrated books giv- 
ing full information regarding the Coinbiiiation 
Oil Cure, ALL SENT FRKK. Write to-day. Your 
life may depend upon it. Address the Dr. D. 
M. Bye Co.. P. O. Box 462, Dallas, Tex. 

(If not afflicted, cut this out and send it to 
tome suffering one.) 


The Manufacturers' Record of Balti- 
more, in a review of the effect of the 
present prices of cotton on the prosperity 
of the South, points out that in the last 
five years, during which there has been 
a gradual rise in the price until the 
present very high figures have been 
reached, the excess in the value of the 
South's cotton crop over the preceding 
five years is $800,000,000. The magni- 
tude of this excess and the influence 
which it must have upon the prosperity 
of the whole country, especially upon 
the South, is illustrated in the fact that 
it is nearly twice as much as the entire 
capital invested in all the cotton mills 
of the United States in 1900, it is about 
equal to the present market value of the 
entire property of the United States 
Steel Corporation, it is more than the 
market value of the Standard Oil Coni- 
pany, and more than the entire capital 
of all the national banks of the United 
States. For the first two or three years 
of this five-year period the Southern 
farmers used their increased earnings 
to pay up debts ; then they began to ac- 
cumulate a little, and this year they will 
be in shape to spend more freely than 
for many years. 

Commencing with 1891, there was a 
very heavy decline in the price of cotton, 
continuing until 1898-99, when the aver- 
age price in New York for twelve 
months was six cents a pound. The 
crop of that year of ii,274,0{X) bales, the 
largest ever produced, was worth $282,- 
000,000, while the crop for the present 
year of about 10,000,000 bales will be 
worth about $600,000,000, The value 
of the seed in each year was about $50,- 
000,000. So that the total income of 
Southern farmers from their cotton and 
cotton seed this year will be not less 
than $650,000,000, or at least $320,000,- 
000 more than the big crop of 1898 yield- 
ed. The total production of cotton for 
the last five years has not been very 
much in excess of the total production 
for the preceding five years ; but for the 
last five years the total value has been 
$2,575,000,000, against $1,775,000,000 for 
the five preceding years, much of the 
great gain being during last year and 

W. S. Staley, of Marion, Va,, was a 
member of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
Fourth Tennessee Regiment from Mem- 
phis, in Gen. Preston Smith's Brigade, 
Cheatham's Division, and he is anxious 
to have some one write about these com- 
mands, which did their part in the hard 

2t Homely Illustration, 

Wiicn you get .•« sliver in your flngci Uic aen- 
satioii IS anything but pleasant, .\llow it to re- 
liiain loiii: enough, and It will fesl,T and give 
yViu u lot of tioublu. Keiuove the cause, and ttie 
pain will stop. 

Its the same wav with the whole body. 
Wiien voiii head aclna. it is nature's message 
sent from the stomach to the brain. Every 
till ob is but a click in the message w hose letters 
spell "danger— send lelief,*" Simie people, when 
they get a headache, ru^h 10 the ilrug store and 
swallow some powerful tablet or fowilei which 
M.*ts the heart to tliiimplng and the blooil lo ra- 
cing aiouiitl the body ata teirilic late. Do you? 
Other people take -tioiig purgatives, which rip 
and tear through the sloinach and bowels, leav- 
ing them irrit.-iteil ,iinl soro. Do you^ Still 
other people take Vernal Palmettona ilormerly 
known as Venial S.iw Palmetto lierrv Wine). 
It lb a eenstble remedv to use. It ronioves the 
cause of the trouble. It helps the slomacli ami 
bowels to get ri'l of pidsonous waste matter by 
stitiiulallng their natural muscular action, ft 
tones up and strengthens the nerves; it enriches 
the blood and builds up h.ard. lieallliv tissues. 
Only one small dose a day Is required to perma- 
nently cure ailmenls of stoiuacli. liver. Iiowels, 
he.arl, kidneys, and blood, Trv it before voii 
buy. Write us for a tree sample bottle. It will 
do you good. Pioniptl v sent po- tpaid. Formu- 
la sent in every package. Address Vernal Rem- 
edy Co., iST Seneca Building, Buffalo. N. Y. 
Sold at all drugirists. 

S. B, Barron, Rusk, Tex., refers to 
the sketch of Gen. S. L. Ross in the 
Veteran for August, in which it is 
stated that he was made brigadier gen- 
eral in the fall of 1862. He says: "As 
a matter of history this is erroneous. 
His gallant conduct as colonel of the 
Sixth Texas at Corinth in October, 1862, 
won for him this promotion, but it did 
not come to. him till the autumn of 186,1. 
I was with him from his promotion till 
the end of the war." Comrade Barron 
was with the Third Texas Cavalry. 

The Robertson-Hemphill Purchasing 
Agency, of Louisville, Ky., whose ad- 
vertisement begins in this issue of the 
Veteran, is a venture by Southern 
ladies. Mrs. Hemphill was a Miss Polk, 
of Tennessee, whose family has been 
identified with the Confederacy, Hav- 
ing been in the best society everywhere, 
she is perfectly "au fait" in all things 
pertaining to the wants of her numerous 


The N., C. & St. L. Ry., in connection 
with the Illinois Central R. R,, offers 
good train service to St. Louis. Here- 
after this route will be known as the 
"World's Fair Route." The Dixie Fly- 
er leaves Nashville after supper and ar- 
rives at St. Louis the next morning be- j| 
fore breakfast. 


Enameled Kettle 

Four -Sizi-.., r., H III ;i|l.l \1 Ills, 


AKentsMell8 t" 30 a <iiiy 


sold 417 in small town. Wot her 
Foot Solium. $2,00 OUTFIT 
fREE TO AOENTS. wHuio-d.,. 
u;9 Pw" ^".. riiTaBiiBU, ri. 


QoQfederat^ l/eterap. 



vl« Valdosta Route, from X'aldosta via Gearys 

Sonthem^jid Florida Uv., from MaccJi 

via Central of Georgia Ry.» from 


via Western and Atlantic R. R., from 



Tta the Nashville, Cliattanonfra, and St, \jo\xi» Ry., 

arriving at 



over the lUlnols Centrr^ R, R. from Maj^n, Twia. 




Ticket agents of tlie JacUsonville-St. I.ouis and 
Chicago iine, and atjents of connectin^f lines Ib 
Florloj* and the Southeast, will e'we you full In- 
formation as to schedules ottni.- (loulile daily serv- 
ice to St. Louis, Chicago, and the Northwest, and 
of train time of lines connecting. They wili also 
•ell you tickets and advice you as to rates. 

F. D. MU-LHR, Atlanta, Ga^ 

Traveling Passer.ger Agent I. C. R. R- 
WM. SMriH.JK., NASH\aLLE, Tebtn^ 

Commercial Ac*""!!- 

BIG 8^ 

I Chain of S Collecrcs owned bvbusin^te 

men and indorsi-d by business men. 

fourteen Cashiers of Banks are on 

our Board of Pirectoi"^. Our diplom.i nieaus 

somrihinjj. Enter any time. Positions secured. 

i Draughon's 
J Practical 
J Business 


(Incorporati-d, Capital block SiC)(l,0(«).lX).> 

Nashville, Tenn. (J Atlanta, Ga. 
Ft. Worth. Texas, c Montgomery, 41a. 

St. Louis, Mo '? Galveston, Texas, 

Little Rock. Ark. A Shreveport, La. 

For 150pa(Tecatalo(ruo address either place. 
If yon prefer, may pay tuition out of salary af- 
ter course !• cuoii^etL'd. Guarantee graduates 
to h« C'lmprtciu or no charues for tuition. 

HOME STUDY: BrwUkeepiusr, Shorthand, 
Penmanship, otc, taaffht bv m.Til. Write for 
too piga BOOKLET ou Uome Study. It's Irer 

'crooked feet^^ 

Crooked or Club Feet, any 
variety anil at any reasonable 
age, can be perfectly and per- 
manently cured. 

The methods generally em- 
ployeii do not accomplish satis- 
factory results. Our methods 
are different nnd we never resort 
to Feveie surgical operations, 
plaster paris or painful treat- 
ment of any kind. 

We have been curing Club 
Feet (or over thirty years and 
will guarantee a cure of any 
case we accept. 

Write for our book. It will 
interest you and costs nuthinK- 


Orthopedic Sanitarium, 

3100 Pine SI.. 




Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

,.f All Kinds, 

SilK Banners, Swords, Belts. Caps, 

and all kinds of M litarv Equipment 
and Society Goods is at 

Veteran J. 4. JOEL <S CO,, 

88 Nassau Street, New York City, 


Walkins Gas and 

run un an elec- 
trii: magneto. 
No batteries or 
hot tubes to re- 
new. From 2 to 

Catjilogue sent 
on request. 

C. C. rosier. 
Xashville. Teun- 


oofM. Nofiwtlngrrquirrti. Sftid 2o«Ump for 44-p«ze B<K.k. 
DR. M. NEY SMFIU, S|Jecl«lirt.»O0 Ohvc St.. Si. LouJi, Mo. 

Expe IM altr* 
^n tiU nihiutea 
witn heftd, or 

Low Settlers' Rates. 

Southeast Missouri, Arkansas, 
Louisiana and Texas. 


The dates are Jaiuiary 19, Kebruary 
2 and 16, March 1 and 15, .\pril .s and 19. 

The rate is a little more than half 
fare, one way or round trip. 

Now is the time to get a home of your 
own while land is cheap. The South- 
west offers the greatest indticenients to 
home seekers — a mild, equable climate; 
short, pleasant winters; long growing 
seasons: cheap cost of living. 

Land that will grow corn, wheat, oats, 
clover, alfalfa, cotton, fruits and vege- 
tables of nearly every description can 
be had at prices ranging from $5 to $25 
per acre, owing to location, soil, and im- 

Take advantage of some of the above 
dates and see this great country for 

If you will write tis where you want 
to go, we will tell yoi: the exact cost of 
your ticket, and send you maps, de- 
scriptive literature, and help you to find 
a suitable location. 

Write to-day to \V. G. Adams, T. P. 
A., Cotton Belt Route, Nashville, Tcnn., 
or E. W. LaBeaumc, C P. & T. A., Cot- 
ton Belt Route. St. Louis. Mo. 

Southern Railway 

7,814 MllM. Ob« 

PenetT»tt«( fm tmatk^m Mmm. ImmI 
PrlMilpal OI«M of eke SosJb ««ik 
III Own LiacA. 

Solid Vestibuled Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment 
Fatt Schedules. 
BIMlin cms "« »r>r,Vf* M ■«« 

Kallvay Irsim*. 

OtSCtn TIOK CAMS <» W^*>Ma«*M 

■»Bl>»r » T. 

bUMl Ij9ilt«4, ud TTaAlBftsa aa^ ( 


•f tbalauat patMra m all •' tff- • 


1 raaaacnr A,!.. Wai 

C. A. »IK*COT>K, 

J. M. uurxxT 
TraT*ll>( Pa& Aft.. 


Qor>federate feterai). 






Do Tou intend Koinf? to NaBhville to 
at1«nd tbe R«union of the Conf»»derate 
Veterans this year • The Tennessee Cen- 
tral Railroad is now completed and in 
full oi)eratinn through Hopkinsville. 
Ky., connei'tine with the Illinois i'entrHl 
Railroad for all points in Wet^t Tennes- 
see. St. Louis, ChicaKo. and all otbt-r 
Western point*, and through Harrinmn, 
Tenn . with the C. N. C. & T. P. and 
Southern Hallways to Mirfolk. Bristol. 
Cincinnati. Washington, New York, and 
all other points East. 

Be Bure to secure your ticket via this 

Equipment all new and of the latest 

Through tickets on sale at all t>oint-s 
in connection with this line to Nashville, 

For further information apply to your 
local agent or 

Thaffic Manager. 
MmmhvUlm, Tmnn. 
r. A. H, WOOD, 

Gknerai. Agent. 


Atlantic Coast Line 



and CtlbCL 


This beautiful State and island have 
been brought within easy reach by the 
splendid through-train service of the 
Atlantic Coast Line, the great thor- 
oughfare to the tropics. 

Winter Tourist Tickets 

now on sale to all points in 


For rates, schedules, maps, sleeping 
car and tteamship accommodations ap- 
ply to 

W. J. CRAIG, GenerkI P>s>en<«r Agtnl. 


Every Southern man and woman should 
at once take advantage of the in- 
troductory oflfer, advertised in this is- 
sue, and secure a copy of "Northern Re- 



Santa Fe 

^ w 


GdLlvesion, and Points 
South, East, and 
West. ^ ^ Equip- 
ment, Service, and Cui- 
sine unsurpaLSsed. ^c^ 

W. S. KEENAN, G. P. A., 
Galveston, Tex. 


Fredericksburg, & 

Potomac R. R. 


Southern Railway. 



C'lHiiH'Ctini^ the 



HctwetM) All PoiTlts vi:l Kiclimoiul, V;l. 

Fast Mail, Passenger, Express, and Freight Route 


Richmond, Washington, Baltimore, 

Philadelphia, New York, Boston. Pittsburg, 

Buffalo, and All Points North, South, 

East, and West. 

W. D. DUKE, C. W. GULP, 

General Manager. Assistant General Manager. 

W. P. TAYLOR, Traffic Manager. 

hellion and Southern Secession," by 
Maj, Evving. 





Norfolk & Western 


Solid T<»9tt)uiled train MemplilH aod 
ChattanooKH to WAsbiujfton. D C. 

Sleeper Memphis to WH-shinKtnn, Bal- 
timore. Philadelnhia, aud New York. 
Al»o one front New Orleans lo aame 
pointA This train inns via Bristol luid 
Lyncbbut K The Short Line. 

Dining Car ^er^ice. 

Sleeper Knoxville to New York, leav- 
ing at 2:86 a.m.. open for pa-iHentcers 
after 9 :<KI p m. Runs via Bristol. Hauers- 
town, and Harrisburg. Tbe Shenandoah 
Valley Rout«. Unsnrpassed for beauti- 
ful scenery. 

All information cheerfully furnished. 


Passenger Agent, Knoxville. Tenn. 


Western Pass. Agt.. Chattanooga, Tenn. 


General Passenger Agent, Roanoke. Va. 



L. & N.. E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 

2Vcstibuled Through Trains Dally r\ 


D. H. HILLMAN, 0. P A.. S. L ROGERS, Qen. A|t 

When wrllinK to advertisers mention Vktbhan. 

C^oi?federate l/eterar^. 



Atlanta and West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of Alabama. 

Transcontinental Lines 
Fast Mail Route 

Operating the fastest scheduled train 
in the South. To 


and all Southwestern points. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullman 
and tourist sleeping cars. For special 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad- 

J. B. Heyward, D. P. A., 
Atlanta, 6a. 


HighRst CiiBh prices 
paid for all kiiidn niw 
fiir Bkins. Write f(ir 
Price Liet. Addre^8, 



40J» Race Street, 
CL\C1>\ATI» O. 

Care of the 

Expectant Mother 

By W. Lewis Howe. M.D. 

Thi« book iftv^t IrniiMing th* fumily phj-giciin r«- 
garding erery httle prnMera whicti mav come up. 
Fully Rpproved by phy&icians. ll will an'awer aU or- 
dinary quesliont as to dii-t. hygiene, anil exerciae of 
I tie mothet and nubsequenl Cftfe oi Ibe cliild. A book 
every mother nhould have. 

Bound ID Red Cloth. Price. 50 renin, Pogtpaid. 

F A. DAVIS CO.. 1905 Cherry Street 








Oen-l Pass'r and Ticket Aoent, 

osllas, texa» 







New St. Charles 


Modern. fireproof. FIrst'Class, 

Accommodates One Thousand Guests. 
Hmertcan and Europfan Plani. 






If yon rontcnii>I:ili' ntteniliMi; the World'* 
F;iir,*ronrl rlio >^in'ri:il cflTi'i iiKide bv tlie iiK'tnage* 
nicnt of the K|t\v->rt|i H'>icl 001111)3117 in iticir 
mlvertiseitient "ii jinotlicr paire. This hotel ha» 
tlie Indorsemont of Churches ami minl^tt'i* 



From ^T. L.OX/I.J' 
and MEMTHI.y 

Affords Tourist, Prospector, 
or Home Seeker the Best 
Service. Fastest Schedule 
to All Points in 


Pullman Sleepers, Free Re- 
clining Chair Cars on All, 
Trains, I-ow R.iles, Frre De- 
scriptive Literature. Consult 
TicKet Agents* or addn-ss 

H. C. Townsend 

St. Louis, Mo, 

R. T. G. Matthews 
T. P. A. 

Louisville, Ky. 



Qoipfederate l/eterap. 

With Muscular RKcumalism and 
Dresidful Neura.lgic P&ins Jv 


when quick and pi-rnianent relief niav be had bv using 


The safest, quickest, and most certain remedy for relief of pain. Used in- 
ternally or extcrnallv, it immediately relieves Asiatic Cholera, Cholera Mor- 
bus, Diarrhoea, Dvscntcry, Cramps, Colic, Dvsptptic Pains, Neuralgia, Rheu- 
matism, Lumbago, Toothache, Headache, Sore Throat, Diphtheria, Backache, 
Bruises, Sprains, Frostbite^, Chills, Fever, and Ague, Flatulency, Indigestion, 
and many other ills attended by pain. 

People Who Know Its Merit Ride Twenty Miles to Get It. 

It is a doctor in the house in all cases of emergency. Relieves beast as well 
as man. Price, 25c, 50c, and $1 a bottle. 

Ren-ien-it^er, It Banishes Pain. 

THE W. J. PARKER GO.. Sol6 Manutaclurers. 

SinJ hr Frr, Family md Farmer:, AJniinjc. 7 SO. tlOWaPd St., BALTIMORE, Mti. 




Only 4-0 Hours from J^eia) OrUans 

Across the Gulf of Mexico, via the Palatial Passenger Steamers of the 

SouiHern Pacillc SteaiiislilD \M. 

Sailings EVERY SATURDAY at 2 o'clock p m. 
Tickets good for Sixty Days. 



Write for the 

Southern Pacific's Illustrated Steamship Folder and Guide to New York, 
New Orleans, and Havana, 

Complete information for the Sea Traveler and Tourist. 


G. P. A, 



A. G. I'. A. 

Jk ^m^^ ^^ ^% .^ A Send aa your addrMfl 

C Q a Day Sureir,-^;iif,i:5:? 

^|r ^m^^ furniih thr work &n<l tearb j"u fre«, you wurk ia 
to« locnlily where you livB. tii )uur Kfl<lr«M and we ntll 
•XjiUiD th<.-l>uBiiir>i fullv.rrmnniliflr WfiguarfcDie.- m ilrir prc.fll 1 
•l$3f>rpv.Tyd»y iwork,»li«..|ul«lv mr- Ur.l-aion.o. ' 
ItOVlLMAMKnTlRlSUIO., B«x 1030. I>e(rgll, Wkh. 


-'-i.r. Land Warrants 

Issued to soldiers of any war. Also SnliHers* Ad- 
ditional Homcsteail Riglits. Write inc at once. 
FRANK H. REGER, Barth Block, Denver, Col. 

Kmiain cancer Hosnitai, 


We Cure Cancers, Tumors, and Chronic 

VENi, ViDi, ViCil 

Duv&rs Eurek2k. cures Dyspepsia., only, 
Ouv&l's, a. posi'.ive cure for 

Duval's Infallible Pie Cure. 
Duval's Herb Cure for Hemorrhage. 

Sores without the use of the knife. 

F. M. DUVAL, 919 Curler St., Baltimore, Md. 


If Tour hair it gny, or lumn.; »;n»v. di,,! jr.,u wUh i| 
bu.wii, dark brown, ,.r black, I havv n i,.rmul» for a prvD- 
A-fttii n thai will pohitiTelT n-^lor* th*> gr»T halra to th«lr 
i»;»tui«I color. It i« absolulflT harinldx lo'hair, tcalp, or 
f'-npral h««Uh. Will ala.i milr*' thr hur grow, and giT« 
it A aofl, pI"««T, and frvsh-loiktig api>*'ai«NC«. It r.^n- 
laniB no sulphur, aiiKiir of lead, nilnit« mUor. c-'|>i -r** 
«>r poiioDs 01 anf kind. It will not tub oif, it not ^i . kv 
dirlT, nrgummr, and will not ntKln lh« tc«lp. Y.>ti can 
pifpnre it Toiin**iri\l c.,.»t of a few cents Recipe* and full 
directioni for 2ft oemt. Mu. O. HDNTLEY, U26 l>Ddle. 
lou, 6i. Louit, Mo. 


~TI - _ J_-J--^l hr.M.t. I.iM.f.. i>..ur. 

' Vi^ *"- TI14-.S. Hiiii Itiiulll, 

' < UKEO Whili- Von 

si.KKr. lii.i.i (■«.■*«■« 

lUilt'rnd 60.l«y> Free 
^WondeIrul In ha I ant; 
h '..1111111)11 Sens.' Appltoa- 
^.ll<<n; AniaiEiiiK Kesultx. 

Iii.-\p«'ii>ivi', ^U■a^Ant, 
, I'l tvHtf. Kaf*', rertain, 

Asl4.!ilv|iiiin Cur.-H uf 
I^ANtlllliu and l.,uii|;ft. 
Kiink Willi Binplc pioof 
^', _rtn<t vdhialth' tnfninm- 
■^ tii.n I'rfe. t'tit thisnut, 
it mtiy nut uppnir <ii/(ii>i, 
K «. C. CATAKIIII n lEK, 1340 VaDllorTBSU.i'lllCAGU 


"Lock ji the Figures!" 

Ihe World's Fair at St. I.ouis in 1904 will 

)ver twelve hundred acres of land. Having 

tlirer hundred acres of exhibit space, ani 

:(iver twelve hundred acres of land. Having 
i acres of exhibit space, and 
%\ ill cost over fortv millions of dollars. 

1-oiiis is reached directly from Texas by the 
I. (V G. N. — Iron Mountain Lines. 

Miles, Minutes, Money 

Saved between Teias and SI. Louis via the I. &, C. N., 

Th8 "Truest, Louis World's Fair Line." 

iSi miles shorlest. 5 hours ^1 mimitcs quickest, 

1S9 miles shortest. 1^ liours 57 minutes quickest, 

100 milrs sliortcsl. .} iKMirs 7 iniiuilcs quickest, 


too miles shotlrst. 1; hours u iiiinulcs quickest, 


Equally as quick to all Eastern Cities through 
St. Louis. 


6 Aoursjg mi/iu/es guii /v.s/, 

St. Louis to Houston* 

5 hours S4 mimtUs quickes^ty 

St. Louis to Gaivfston. 
4 hours 2S mhiutts guirk^st, 

St, Louis to San Antonio. 

6 hours 47 mirtutrs quirkest, St. Louis to Austin. 

Excellent Dining Car Service 
All the Way-All the Time.... 

The jjreatest exposition of the age will 
open at St. Louis in May, 1904. to commem- 
orate the centennial of ihe great Louisiana 
Territory Purchase bv the t'nited States 
from France. St. Louis is reached directly 
from Tex;is In* the 1. A* G. N'. — Iron Moun- 
tain Liiirs 


latcrnalictijl & Grejl Norlbern Xjilrojd. 


2d rtce PrMi(i«nt and tleneral Manager. 
a. J. PRICE, 

Gcna-dl I\iKspnoer and Ticket Agent, 


Qopfederate l/eterai). 




The best line to 




And all points in Indiana and 



Information cheorfnlly fnrnisliod on ap- 
plication al City Tirkel Office **Itip Four 
koute." No. 2')!» FiMirtli Avenue, or write 
to S. J. Gatt-s. tii-ncral ApriU Passenger 
DeparinuMit, I^or isvn,i,k, Ky. 

_^re you Goin^ 





South and East. 

Superb Tr&ins! 

Pullman DraLwinj-Room Sleepers! 

Comfortable TKoroughfare Cars! 

Cskfe Dining Cslts! 

For information as to rates, reserva- 
tions, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent or 


AltaiUa, ti:i. 

Ch&rles B. Ry&n, 

« 1'. A., 
t'ORTSMUlTH, \' A. 

W, E. ChristiaLii. 

A. (J. r. A.. 

Atlanta, (i a 

Let Me 

Shop for You. 

Being in touch with 
the fashion centers, 
— — ^^^^^^^^^^M vrith exquisite taste 
^"^^^^"^^"^^""''" and judgment and 
thorough knowledge of values, I am in po- 
sition to render satisfaction in all kinds of 
shopping. Wedding and school outfits and 
holiday novelties are specialties with me. 
Samples and estimates submitted. Write 
and let me do your Christmas shopping. 

Miss Martha A. Snead, 

tlO Equitable Building, 

The VkterAN commendi the reliability of Miss Snrid 
Bost cordially. She has been valiant as a youne womao 
tn Confederate matters. 


With every Model printinij press and outlil (cost, 
$5 and upj we give free a complete course in the art 
ot printing. \VliiIr you're learning- you can make 
money at nome bv printing for others. The Model 
is the cheapest because it is t he best. Three World's 
Fair Highest Awards. Beware of tlif so-called 
"che:tp" printing presses. Write fur particulars 
.md giie No. 15. Autonjiiin; pres> Itir print- 
ing visii ing c.irds 

THE MODEL PRINTING PRESS. 70B Chestnut St. Philadelphia. 


AnOld and Weil-Tried Remedy, 


lift-H t.--.-n use.i i-i •■\.i >l\y\ \K.\l;.s h\ MILLIONS ol 
MnTHKK.^ (..1 ilieir OHILI>KEN WHILE TKKT inN<_J, 
^OPTEXS til.. tiOlS. ALLAYRiill I'.MN; (TRES WINI> 
COLIC, amt is tli^ U-^t Imi ni.\KKHEA. Suld by 
Druogistsiii t-v. rv pari ot the wnlfi. n.> ?iiie to ask for 







o leceivf Euc«its at open ins: of 
W.ivIdV Kaif. Si. I,uni«. Api il ;;ii,P.iui. H \sa p.-rninn.nt brick I'liihiinu. bi-uuiifully lociitfd williin ;i 
bl.>iit« of north eate of K\ position. Kverv piTHon .iesirinR to reserve oiiterttiiiim''tit at H.d.I Kpwortli 
nmy ibi bo by sen. line i'J f.-r « (.'<Ttifn'»teof Kntertiiinnieni which will insure holder alow rate of $1 per 
dny for n.8 mnny d.yj hh di^sired. ()tu'-lmU <*f ibc totnl roht is reipiirpd in ndv -no.' >» monthly puynents 
of not b'SstbunS'L b.Thincp to hopaid wlien liobler attendK Exposition. The h.'tol w.ll be conducted ou 
En npi-Hti plan, and above rate do'S not include tneals. All convonieticef of', moilern lintel provided 
W.' advise our friends to apply ntoncc for CertiticatcR. Tlic rate will probably bead Van red Ket). 1, 19ni. 

Adpke.^s EPWORTH hotel COMPANY. Koken BIdg., St. LouiS 

From One ot the Most Successful Planters in North Carolina. 

Svi 1 HKiELn. X. C, February jS. 190a. 
T/ir Home FerHhif Chrmual Works, Ba/timf>re. Afti. 

(.KNi r fmfn: This is to cert if v that I have used Cerealite for a number of vears and have sold it for 
the p:ist tliree vears. and I myself lind it to l>e eqvial to, if not better in many respects than. Nitrate Soda. 
Mv I'esl customers are anxious to use it a^ain this year. On \y>y own crops I used it on wheat, oats, and 
cttou. and for evcr\' iloUar I invested in Cerealite I am sure it paid me S^^.^o. 1 prefer Cerealite as a top 
dressin-/ 1.^ Nitrate Soda, even if the goods were the same price. Splendid ior oals ai>d gr^tn. 

Yours truly. J. W. Stephenson. 

Reliable atjent ivanted in everv conntv. 



The Scenic Koute to the Pacific. 



Viewed From a Car Window : : : 



With Its Oii-Burninq Locomotives. 



T. J. AMU'USdN, 

General rasscnsrer Aarent. 


.M)s. hklm:\, 

Asst. (Jen. Pass. Asrt. 

Personal to Subscribers! 


CHIS annouooem^nt won't care v<tu ' Th*' rfading ot it w<.iij t l-h-m* vuur acbe;^ and paius. The uie^licine ailvertiHad WILL, bnt If yon KEED 
It. if you WANT it, v..u ML'ST WRITE KuR IT. 
We hav.- ]t au'i ar.' willinc to send it to von i IN" trial AT ol'R RISK. YOU TO BE THE Jl'DQE. but we cannot know that you nei^d it, that 

yon want it. unlt-.-vs v«ui write to us and t*'!) us to nend it t > you. 

Huw manv tiiiit-s iiave vou seen " Pcr^onHl to Suii><-r.lK*rs" in this pamr^ How niaiiv tim-'S have vou THOL'GHT you would answer it and 
•end for a iia< katif on trial. AT OL'R RISK ■ Now suit the .\('riON to tlie THoi"(iHT."and write for it to-dar. Hundredi of vour FELLOW- 
^L'BSCRIBKKS havi-doue what wea.~k you todoand an- not Horry for haviugdunc it. YoudoitNOW! Y'OU ARE TO HE" THE Jl'IHJE' 

Read Our Special Offer: 

77IK >MI.L SEND to every Hulwcriber or reader of the Confeiv 
%W KHATK Vetkhan. >>v Worthy person recouiuiendt-d by a sul>- 
i>fnl»er. a Inll-siitefl One' Dollar pm-kaKe nt Vitir-«rf, by 
niaiJ. iiOKtimltl. sutlirKMit for one moDtli's treatment, to l>e i>ui(l 
U>r witbiii ont? umnth's time alter ret*etpt if the receiver can 
truthfully say thai it*i use has done Inm f>r her more jfiMKi than 
all the drup* or dopes ol (luncks or nof>d doctors or i>at4'nt nunl- 
iciijes he or she has* t-vei used Rfad this over aKuin carefully. 
and und^'PstHud that we a-sk our pay only whi'n it hnt done juu 
iruutl, and not holorr. We take all the risk You have nothing 
t4> |os<*. If it does not lienefU you. yon i>ay us nothing;. ¥lt«'-Ore 
18 H natural, hard, adaniantine, rocklike sulist«nce— mineral— 
i>re-mineti from the Kr*J"nd like gold and silver, and requires 
aWout twenty years for oxidization. It contains free iron, free 
i-ulphur. and" inaunesiuni. and one packafje will equal in medici- 
nal streuk'th and curative value Hoii ^:al Ions of the most power- 
ful. clt)(a«ious mineral wat<;r drunk tresh at theaprini-rs. It is a 
geoltt^rif at discovcrv. to which nothintr is adde<l and from which 
notiiinc IS taken ft is the marvel ot the century for curinpsuch 
diseases as KheiimatUm. ItrifchtN rUoiiAe, Blood 'Polsnninc. Heart 
'I'roiihle. IMdtiNt, (nlatrh iitiil 1 hrOMl Aneclions, Lher, KIdnej. himI 
Blaildpr Ailnif nl!*, N1oni»rh hihI I- eniale hiMirdrrs. La iiilppe, nal))* 
rial K«*»er, Nerrou* PrnstrHtluti, and lieni'ral Debility, its thousands 
testify, and as no one answering this, writing for a package, will 
deny after using. Vlt«-i>rt* has cured more chronic, obstinate. 
pronounce<l than any other known medicine, and 
will rt-ach su«'h cases with a more rai>id and iK>wertul curative 
acti<jn than any medicine, combination of meaiciues. or doctor's 
prescrijition which it is possible to procure. 

VIT.l-;-OllK will do the same for you as it has for hundreds of 
readers ot this paper, if you will give it a trial. Send tor a $1 
|i»< kaup jit (MirrlKk. You have nothing to lose but the stamp to an- 
swer this tinnouncement. If the medicine does not benefit you, 
write UN NO, HDd there Im no harm done. Wv- nant no onp*K money 
nhoni Vitii'-Orecannui heneflt. Can anything be more fair? What 
si-nsible person, no matter how prejudiced he or she may bo. who 
dt'sires a cure and is willin;^ to pay for it. would hesitate to try 
Vllii-Ore on this lil>eral otTer' Une package is usually sufficient 
t<^) cure ordinary cases: two or three for chronic, obstinate <'Ases. 
iVe nwan Jimt what we sny in this anDOimcement. and will do just 
w hut we agree. Write to-day for a package at our risk and ex- 
pense, giving age and ailments, and mention this paper, so we 
may know that you are entitled to this liberal offer. 

This oflVr nill <*hanenire Ihe attention and oon- 
sitlrratioru and afterwards the ^.^ratitude, of every 
liviiiy- person who desires l»etter health or h ho sn Iters 
pains, ills, and diseases >vhieh have defied the nied- 
ieal n<irld and irronn worse with aire. We eare not 
for your skepticism, bnt ask only your investiua- 
tion^ an<l at ouv expense, re;rardless of nhal ills you 
have, by sendinj? U* us for a package. 

(IKKli (»!•' SlSiKtlAIII (tlUCItll. 

K. B. IV. ( ulemsn, of Beerlter ( ity. til.. 

Tells the Public «>r His 1 ure. 

Inrf OrcKO Wm Affm.^— Doctored fur Ttirae Vrari 
With No B«Dpflt— (Ire* Wor«c frwm Ila* i» |>kj- — 
Better After Oo« Week's Dm or Vlla-Urc, ud Is 
Now Cured. 

Brechbr CiTT. IiL. — To the public in 
ff'-neral: 1 wi*thtoi-ay thai I cannot praise 
Vit«e-Ore enough, a» I »m pi»Mtive that 
this remedy saved my hf** wli**n all oth- 
er medicines imd doct'or^* failed. For the 
last three years I hnve bt-en h great suf- 
ferer from Sjkten* 
atirCiitarrh. >obud- 
ly that it atlecied 
everv orgiin within 
me. and every one 
was expecimg me 
10 die. I had given 
up all hope ot ever 
seeing the tipring- 
tinie come again. 
Though I had two 
of the best doctors 
here altie^nding me, 
I grew steadily 
I was confined to the house and my bed 
during all of List winter, and during the 
mouth of Kehniary gave up all hope, as 
did my frieniis imti relatives. Through 
thegenero'-ttynf Mr. Theo. No»-l.Ihegan 
the usoof Viiic-iire on the first of March, 
}'M>\. tind bi'tinn to Improve lninieilJ4tely 
during tlie flrst «eek. As soon as I got 
it 1 dismissed the doctors, as 1 thought 
I had to die anyhow, not having much 
fuith or hope for a cure. Inn week's lime 
I was out of bed and around the house, 
and steadily improved from day to <Iay. 
The inclosed picture was tuken'the first 
of May, but two monthtf after 1 began 
the use of Viiie-Ore. 

I consider it a Godsend to poor, afflict- 
ed people if they will only give it u fRir 
trial and test its" merits us 1 have done. 
Myself and yonnu son cut and put up ;i.^0 
shocJfS of corn during the fall, besides do- 
ing lota of hard work ; and 1 am the .«*ame 
man that thonghi the cpring of (he year 
would find nie in mv grave. Vou can 
proclaim with me thai it is the best rem- 
edy on cart li for the alHicted. and I will be 
Kladtoieil all H hat Vi tie- Ore liaa done for 
nie. K. H. W. Coi.i:man. 


Veteran Dept., 
Vilae-Ore BIdg., 


April Issue, 64 Pa^es. Special Offer for 3 Months' Ads. Preceding Reunion. 

Vol. 12 NASHVII.I.E, TENN., MARCH, 1904 No. 3 

Qopfederate l/eterap 




(^oijfederate l/eterai), 

lMWW»W IWI ft» <^MMi A ^ >liW < i << »mftA ^l<^ ^ 

"Confederate Mining "Co. 

-immmmmmmiatm Old "Confeds" Have Struck It Rich. 
".! peiii-ioii for ua^ by Oi'ot'j^r."^ 

All money received for sale of this stock goes into 
in developing and getting out the ore. Xo fees will be 
viting enterprise, one based upon actual known values. 

Write for reference and descriptive booklet to 


Ctpital Stock - $1,OOQ,000 
Pur Value - $10 per Share 

X..W soUini; to the i^nijiIo of the South at 

$2 per Share. 


This slock h;is advanced in pric.' loo ]">cr cent in 
one year. Ten of the richest copper claims in the 
famous mineral belt of Arizona now owned and 
being developed by this company. The second 
block of stock is now being sold, and will soon be 
gone. This has proved to be a fine investment. 
The stock has already doubled once in price, and 
will go higher before the next National Reunion 
in May. Secure what stock you can NOW, before 
it is too late. 

the treasury of the company and into the mine itself, 
paid to brokers or agents. This is a legitimate and in- 
Investigate — then invest. 

R. W. CRABB, Treasurer, U.iiontown, Ky. 


322, 324, i^6, 328 GREEN STREET, LOUISVIL IJi, i^Y. 


Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 
States. These monuments cost from five to thirty thousand dollars. The 
following is a partial list of monuments thej' have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 

Cynthiana, Ky. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Louisville, Ky. 

Raleigh, N. C. 

J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

Helena, Ark. 
Helena, Ark. 
Macon, Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Thomasville, Ga. 
Sparta, Ga. 

Dalton, Ga. 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Columbia, Tenn. 

Shelbyville, Tenn. 

Franklin, Tenn. 

Kentucky State Monument, 
Chickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
mauga Park, Ga. 

Winchester, Va. 

When needing first-class, plain, or artistic work made from the finest qual- 
ity of material, write them for designs and prices. 

,Qoi>federate l/eterai>* 


From One of the Most Successful Planters in North Carolina. 

Smithfield, N. C, February iS, 1903. 
The Home Fertilizer Chemical Works, Baltimore^ Md. 

Gentlemen: This is to certify that I have used Cerealite for a number of years and have sold it for 
the past three years, and I myself find it to be equal to, if not better in many respects than, Nitrate Soda. 
My Dest customers are anxious to use it ag^in this year. On my own crops I used it on wheat, oats, and 
cotton, and for every dollar I invented in Cerealue I am sure it paid me $2.50. I prefer Cerealite as a top 
dressin<r to Nitrate Soda, even if the goods were the same price. Splendid for oats and grain. 

Yours truly, J. W. Stephenson. 

Reliable aijent wanted in every county. 



Hotel Ki> 
Wi-rldV 1* Uii. .(.. 
MocIsHof uoiih gate of Kx posit ion 
liny do so hy eendine S- fnr w ('<'rtili 




rtili be rea,ii\ to locfivi' cuosts at opeuinpof 

pworth is now liuiliUng under guainnteo that it win l>c reail\ to lotfivi- cuosis at opeuinpi 
iiir. :^t. LouiH. April :iii. I'.'ui. It isa p«-rniuiuMit brick Imilding, bvnutifully Inoitctl within 
» .-> ^f i.v. .,„.,.■<;..„ ''very pot son desiring to reserve ontertaiiinif lit at llott-l Kp worth 

MockHol uoiiii gate 01 I'. >; posit ion. r-very pot son ut-sinne to reserve oniertainnifiii ai iion-i j'-pworru 
iiiny do so by eendine S- fnr a ('<'rtiliriito<>f KntiTtaiTinienl which will insure holder a low rate of $1 pi>r 
duy for lis many dnys »s desired. ()ni'-hnlf of the total rost in ro.iuircfi in adv nee in monthly payment a 
of not b'BstlianSl. babincp to bo paid wlion holder atteudw Kx posit ion. The hotel will bo eondiiLted ou 
Eiiiopcaii plan, and above rat'- do-s not inclinle iiieal«. All ronvenirni'Of! of n modern hotel prnvjiloii 
Weadviseonrfrirniis ti'opply at I'licoforCrililicalrs. Tlie rale will pn-bubly beadvaurod Feb. 1. I'.'i'l. 

AmntEss EPWOPrH HOTEL COMPANY, Koken BIdg., St. LouiS 


0!in reM&L the woiulcrful ein-Miive power of DR. 
OWEN'S ELK< THIC BET.T. It is the greatest 
tiiumpli of medical Kcicnce. 'he most perfect elec- 
trical hoiilth appliance ill the worbi; indorsed by 
the moat eminent physicians and recommended by 
mote than fifty thousand persons who have used it. 
It builds up the weak and broken down, restores 
youth, energy, and ambition. It will cure every 
<-ase of Kheninatism. Uackache, Nervous Debility, 
"Weak Stomiieb. Catarrh, Malaria, ConFtipatioii, 
Ki(iney and I,iver Troubles, and every eviilence of 
weakness in men and women. It wi'll not fail, it 
cannot fail, a^- it infuses into the weakened nerves 
the force of life ami strenjxth. Put, 11 on when vou 
retire; you pet up In Hie morning feeling refrcs>u'd 
and vigorous and full of life. Yon feel its good 
effotts from the moment you begin to wear it, and every day you use it makes yon more enthusias- 
tic in Its praise. No matter what ails you. there Is a cure for" you in nature's remedy — electricitv. 
It restores the energy and ambition of youth. Many old veterans who thouubt there was no hclii 
for them have been cure<l of obi. ebrome tioubles ibrouirli the ii^^c of our Kelts. 

Write for ,i.u,t,ate,icHU. QR. QWEN ELECTRIC BELT CO., 624 Olive street. ST. LOUIS, MO. 

logue, which explains t 




The Scenic Route to the Pacific. 



Viewed From a Car AViiidon : : : 



With Its Oil-Burninq Locomotives. 




General Passengrcr Agrent. 


•lOS. I1ELLE\, 
Asst. (ion. Pass. Agt, 

The best line to 




And all points in Indiana and 




Information ehperfiilly Inrnished on iip- 
nlication al City Ticket OfBce "Itig Poar 
Koute." No. 259 Fourth Avenue, or write 

to S ■ '• 


'. .1. Gatks, (.ieucral Aceut Passenjrer 
nrluu-nt, lyOl'lSVlLLK, KY. 

,^re you Goin^ 





South and East. 

Superb Tr&ins! 

Pullman Drawing-Room Sleepers! 

Comfortable Thoroughfare Cars! 

Ca.fe Dining! 

For Information as to rates, reserva- 
tions, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent or 


ALliinta, Ga. 

CKarlei B. Ry&n, W. E. Chrislia.n, 

G r. A., A.tJ.P. A., 

PORTSMOi'Tn, V*. Atlanta, Ga. 


QoQfederate l/eterai),, 


'By ,yi II 'Processes 

COPPER PLATE Reception and Wedding 

Cards, Society Invitations, Calling Cards, 

and Announcements. 
ST EEL DIE EMBOSSED Monograms and 

Business Stationery in the latent styles. 

lustratite purposes — the eery best made. 

hit he graphic 

Commercial Work, Color Posters in special 
designs for all purposes — Bicouac and Re- 
union Occasions. 

^randcn 'Printing Companv 


Manufacturing Slationers, 
Printers, and Genera.1 Office Outfitters 

0/io Union C^entrai 

jt^i'fe tJn 

nsurance L^o.j 

CF,aNNATi, O. 

ASSETS JAN. 1. 1902 

$: 0.048. 5?2.4« 

No Fluctuating Securities. 
Largest R.ale of Interest, 
Lowest Death KaLte, 

Ervdowments M Life 
Rates a.nd Profit-ShaLfing 
Policies SpeciaLlities. 

Large and Increasing Dividends to Policy 

Desirable Contracts and Good Territory open 
for Live Agents, Address 

JAMES A. YOWELL, State Agent, 

27 and 28 Chamber of Commerce. NASHVILLE, TENN. 

^^ ^ ^ IN PRESS. ^ ^ *t 







... A New Book. ... 
Delightful History. 


I B 

Life and Letters of . i 
SooHefn Secession. * i RotJert Lewis Dabney. D.D.,LL.D. i, 


E. W. R. EWING, LL.B., 

Soo o{ a Late Confederate Officer. 
Should provt of service to future hisfon'oKS. 


^nNrQUE, Inditpensable to youne or old; 
V>^ fcarles*, yet dignified: conrtuiiona drawn 
from the lolid ficii of history^faclh. too. gaih- 
ercd fiors official repoiis and public dociimenii. 
and. io many intlancct. to be (oand in no other 
work. North or Suuih, ireatlnc Civil Wat ca iscs 
Tke "tmiKftni incubator;' ilj»ery irgaViitd 
Dnder the Ordinance of 1787: alavery Irgi^lanon 
from Oregon (o the CaroMnai: the Lir>cojn Re- 
publican! and their bloody icdition in Kansai' 
and many other oritlnal fcaturca rnjke (he work 
a valuable addition to Soathern liieratur: 











•^ Dr. Dabney was a conspicuous;icler in Southern affairs for more tlian tifly years, and 

m enjoyed a national reputation as a Teacher, Tlieologiau, Prcaclier, and Patrii>t. 

^' 'Confederate Veterans and all sladents of Soutnern ideals wilt find in this vofuino a rich 

^- tture of information concerning the autt--belium social, political, and industrial conditions of 

*^ the South, and Dr. Dabnev's letters written during the stormy days of V« to '65 are in them- 

^**- lelves a risumi of that period and a strong vindication of the principles for which the South 

•^ fought. Of special interest to old soldiers are his letters during the time he served as an army 

fc— chaplain and as chief-of-stafE under Stonewall Jackson during the wonderful campaign in the 

^^ Valley of Vir;^inia. 

^i*^ The book is a notable contribution to the historical literature of the Sctulh, and a copy 

y should be in tlie home of every true Soiilherner. 

X^ 600 Pagres. Cloth Binding. $2.50 Net (add 25c for postagre). 

^ S^nd all orders to 


Meat eioth. I 

300 Pa6es. 

Price, $1.50. 

Advance tnirodttctory ordfs hooked at St t^ 
bf mail. <f* 

Piiblirsliei'H and lEoiiksollerR, 


I , ;^iiUiiiUiUiiaiiaiiiUiiiiiiiiiiiUiiUiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiihiiiiii£s; 


J. L. Hill Printing Go.. 



> Ur 


I'tuihCMniniKiilon for hkIMiic Diir 

,.WV/wVwV^ KrliiKi' nnil l'I«ln rnlllni: rnriin, Ssliil '.'c iitiiui|. fur Nei.- 
tUmi.lf ll»..k r,f tirmilni' Cnrtl-. lll;f l>r»[rili.m Cmlnloc"!- nn.l Ak.-oi. i;oin|itrlo 
OutBt. I-urFin«C«d»,ix»« I'rlorii uii.i l-ruNijiInrM. Hu l.fnd lit** H orld. 

ICDCATAPI CCatwho1eaaIei.Seiiai 



REUNION I. C. V. FOR 1904, CHANGED TO JUNE 14, 15, 16. SEE PAGE 109. 

Qopfederate l/eterap. 


Entered at the post ofRce at Nash\ille, Tetin., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested vO use one side of tlie paper, and to alibreviale 
umnch as practicabie; these su^jjestions are important. 

Where clippinj^s are sent copy should lie kept, as the Veteran cannot 
ondertAke to return them. 

Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month hrjore it ends. For 
instance, if the Veteran be ordered' to begin ^vitIl January, the date on mail 
tut will be December, and tlie subscri'H-r is entitled to that nvnnl er. 

The •* civil war** was too long a^oto be calhd the "late" war, and when 
correspondents use that term " War between the States** will be substituted. 

ITnttkd Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy. 

Sons of Veterans, and Other Organizations. 
The Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in exl.t«ooe. 

Thouf^h men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the leas. 

Price, $1.00 per Year, t Voi VIT 
SiNSLE Copy, 10 Cents. ( ^ "''• -^^'^■ 


No. 3 

I Proprietor. 


"To live in hcails we leave behind 
Is not to die." 

.•\nioug the many lovely young women in attendance at the 
Confederate reunion in Atlanta, Ga., July, 1898, the fair maid 
of honor for Virginia will be remembered for her beauty and 
grace, and the honor was well bestowed when the veterans 
as.semhled unanimously selected her as sponsor for the Army 
of Northern Virginia Department, United 
Confederate Veterans. This fair young 
yirl, Maud Coleman Woods, daugh- 
tei of Capt. Micajah Woods 
(Brigadier General U. C. 
v.), of Charlottesville, 
Va., since her debut had 
been noted for her 
beauty, and was re- 
garded as one of the 
best types of Virginia 
women. She was ad- 
mired for her lovely 
juanners and amiable 
disposition as well a> 
for lier great beauty, and 
a mo^t admir.ible Iran 
was her sweet Christian 
character; and when the Angel '^ 

<if Death bore away her spirit it 
was but a relinquishment of the earthly 
hfe for that of heaven. With her mother 
and sisters she had been spending the summer nmntlis at 
"Clazcmont," Va., ihc childhood home of her mother. She was 
ill for several weeks with typhoid fever, which the most skilled 
attention could not conquer. 

Miss Woods was related to many of the leading families of 
Virginia and of the South and West. Her father, Gen. Mica- 
jah Woods, is one of the most prominent men of his State, 
both socially and politically. He entered the Confederate serv- 
ice at the beginning of the war, although but a youth of sev- 
enteen, as a volunleer on the staff of Gen. John B. Floyd, and 
afterwards served in Jackson's Battery of Horse .Artillery. In 
1893 he was appointed brigadier general to command the 
Second Brigade of the Virginia Division, U. C. V. Her mother 
was Matilda Minor Morris, daughter of Richard Morris, whom 
John Randolph, of Roanoke, credited with making the best 
speech at the Virginia Convention of 1829-30, and a niece of 


Col. Lewis Minor Coleman, who resigned his professorship 
at the University of Virginia to enter the Confederate army 
and fell at the head of his battalion of artillery in the battle 
of Fredericksburg. 

Miss Woods was educated at the Virginia Female Institute 
under Mrs. J. E. B. Stuart, whose distinguished husband was 
a kinsman on both sides. Besides many other accomplish- 
ments, she possessed a rare talent for music, and took the only 
gold medal awarded at the Institute the year she graduated. 

One of the many honors which came un- 
sought to this lovely young woman 
was the selection of her picture as 
a model for the medallion used 
as the seal of the Pan- 
American Exposition at 
Buffalo in 1901. She 
represented the type of 
.American blonde beau- 
ty,and Mrs. Nat Good- 
win — the beautiful 
actress, Maxine El- 
liott — was the typical 
brunette. Even this 
honor did not disturb 
the serenity of her char- 
acter, and she shrank 
from such prominence. Her 
beautiful brown hair, deep blue 
eyes, and very fair skin, with deli 
cate roses in her cheeks, made a pic- 
ture fair to see. She was of medium 
liciglit, ralher slender, and her every movement was graceful. 

The tribute by Thomas Nelson Page, one of her distin- 
guished relatives, most feelingly expresses what the Veteran 
would say of one so well beloved, so deeply mourned: 

". . . In the long list of her beautiful daughters, the State 
of Virginia never had one who by every gentle grace filled 
more fully the measure of that sweet womanhood which we 
who are of the soil love to think the distinctive stamp of her 
endowment. Blessed as this young daughter was with the re- 
fined beauty that belonged to her by inheritance, she was to 
those who had the happiness to know her yet more distin- 
guished by the swtetness and purity of her character, the love- 
liness of her nature.. aud the charm of her manner. No adula- 
tion changed her; no trace of self-consciousness marred her ex- 
quisite simplicity. She was as beautiful and natural as a 
flower. When she was budding from girlhood into gracious 



C;^OQfederate UeteraQ. 

womanhood she was selecicd by ihc officers of the United Con- 
federate V'eterans at the grand leunion held in Atlanta to 
stand as sponsor for the Department of the Army of Northern 
Virginia. It caused much embarrassment to one of her shy 
and retiring nature. The very modesty with which she shrank 
from publicity was the crowning grace that captivated all. 

"Her portrait was again, without her knowledge, selected by 
the committee of distinguished men who had the matter in 
charge to typify North American beauty at the Pan-American 
Exposition ; but with innate modesty she begged to be left 
alone. It was not in public, but in private, that she aspired to 
shine, and there she shone. In the circle of her home, sur- 
rounded by those who loved her, she shone with the radiance 
which beams only from a pure and gentle breast. One could not 
sec her there and not think of a lovely rose making all of the 
house sweet with its fragrance. One cannot recall her and not 
grieve in thinking 

" 'How .small a part of time they share 
That are so wondrous sweet and fair.' 

"To her graces was early added the crowning beauty of 
simple and unaffected Christian piety, which had descended to 
her with her blood from generations of saintly women, and 
many of her young friends testified to the influence she had 
upon their lives. 

"At Clazemont, in Hanover, one of the old seats of bound- 
less Virginia hospitality, where her mother before had played 
as a child, surrounded by those who knew and loved her best, 
she, on the day following her twenty-fourth birthday, sighed 
her gentle life away and passed without a pang into the blessed 
white-robed company of the redeemed." 


The bill appropriating $200,000 for marking the graves of 
the soldiers of the army and navy of the Confederacy who 
died during the War between the States in Federal prisons and 
hospitals passed the United States Senate on the 25th of Jan- 
uary, and is now in the House Committee on Military Affairs, 
with a strong probability of being acted upon favoraljly. 

On July 19, 1866, Edwin M. Stanton, then United States 
Secretary of War, in an oiKcial report to Congress, said that 
there were 26,436 deaths of Rebel prisoners of war out of a 
total of 220,000 captured and held in the North. Later and 
more carefully gathered statistics show an increase of this 
death list to 26,774. Of this number, 22,865 died in Northern 
prisons and the remainder, 3,909, in temporary prisons and 
hospitals mostly in the South. There were twenty regular 
United States jnisons for confining Confederate prisoners, but 
ten of them furnish almost the entire death list, as follows : 
Alton, 111., 1,613; Cainp Butler, III., 816; Camp Chase, Ohio, 
2,108; Camp Douglas, 111., 3,759; Camp Morton, Ind., 1,763; 
Elmira, N. Y., 2,980; Fort Delaware, Del., 2,502; Point Look- 
out, Md., 3,446; Rock Island, 111., 1,922; St. Louis, Mo., 689, 
making a total of 21,598 that died in these ten prisons, leaving 
only 1,167 in the other ten places of confinement. 

But the death rates of these prisons cannot be estimated from 
the above figures, as sotne of the prisons were eslablislied much 
longer than others, and a greater number of prisoners confined 
in some than in others. Rock Island, for instance, was not 
established until the latter part of November or early in De- 
cember, 1863 ; and, all told, never had but 2,484 prisoners, yet 
according to official reports there were 1,922 deaths, something 
over 77 per cent. Only privates were confined in Rock island. 
Tliis, in addition to a fearful scourge of smallpox, which 
little effort was made to abate, may account for the excessive 
death rate. 

.\tl.\nta, Ga., February 20, 1904. 

This .Association has been organized for the purpose of 
erecting a monument or statue at the capital of Georgia to 
commemorate the patriotism, fidelity, and noble life of Gen. 
John B. Gordon, one of Georgia's and the South's greatest sons. 

It is unnecessary herein to attempt to speak of the splendid 
qualities and heroic life of this great man. That has already 
been done in beautiful and truthful words by the press and 
people not only of our Southland but throughout the entire 
country. His magnificent bearing, courtly manners, and warm 
and responsive heart has endeared him to his people, and his 
memory will never fade. 

As he was the Commander in Chief of the United Confed- 
erate Veterans, it would seem that they would only need the 
opportunity to earnestly engage in the sacred work of per- 
petuating in bronze, or marble, the memory of his glori.nK 

The Central Executive Committee, therefore, with confi- 
dence invoke the aid of all the Camps and organizations of 
Confederate Veterans in this work, and request them to con- 
tribute to the fund to be raised for that purpose. If the hun- 
dreds of Camps in the South will respond to this call, even 
with small amounts, the success of our object will be assured. 

Subscriptions may be paid in cash, or at any time, on or be- 
fore November i, i;;04, to E. H. Thornton, President Neal 
Loan & Banking Co., as Treasurer, Atlanta, Ga. 
W. L. Cai.houn, President and Chairman Ccii. Exec. Com. 

In a circular letter from Atlanta, Ga., February 19, 1904, to 
the press, the Committee for the John B. Gordon Monument 
Association (Incorporated) states: 

"Its sole object is the erection of a suitable monument at 
Atlanta, Ga., to the lamented Gen. John B. Gordon, soldier and 
statesman, and in order to raise the necessary funds the 
newspapers of the South are hereby requested to open their 
columns for subscriptions and to receive and publish subscrip- 
tions and the names of subscribers. 

"We request that you at once open your columns for sub- 
scriptions, and send all moneys to E. H. Thornton, President 
of the Neal Loan & Banking Company, .\tlanta, Ga., who is 
Treasurer of the John B. Gordon Monument Association. 
Subscriptions payable in cash or by November i."' 

The coiiimittee is composed of W. L. Calhoun, President ; 
H. L. Culberson, W. F. Parklunst. H. L. Schlessinger. 

The J. E. B. Stu.\rt Monument. — The Veteran Cavalry 
Association of the Army of Northern Virginia has asked the 
assistance of the wonun of Virginia in raising the fund iieces- 
.sary to complete the monument to Gen. J. E. B. Stuart. The 
.'Association has raised the ten thousand dollars required to 
secure the appropriation from the Legislature, but more must 
be had to erect the pedestal and complete its surroundings. 
Do you not think that we, the women, as well as the men, 
owe this monument to the memory of the man who gave his life 
for the defense of Virginia and of Richmond, the capital of 
the Confederacy? Virginians everywhere should feel it a priv- 
ilege, as well as a duty, to respond at once to this appeal. 
Five thousand loyal Virginians, giving the small amount of 
one dollar each would complete the work. Contribute lib- 
erally, but even the smallest amount will be received. Con- 
tribute in memory of the comrade dead as well as in honor 
of the gallant leader of the Veteran Cavalry Association. 

Very truly, Mrs. N. V. Randolph, 

President Richmond Chapter. 

Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Mrs. Edwin Moore is an ardent worker and official of the 
U. D. C. For two years she has been President of Dixie 
Cliaptcr, No. 35, at Sherman, Tex. In that time it has grown 
from thirty-seven members to one hundred and forty-six, and 
has organized two auxiliaries — one in College Park and a 
Children's Auxiliary — each containing forty members, so that 
Dixie Chapter lias a total membership of two hundred and 
twenty-six, the largest in North Texas and one of the largest 
in the U. D. C. 

Dixie Chapter is the only Chapter in Texas having two 
auxiliaries. This condition is through the tireless efforts of 
Mrs. Moore and her able assistants. 

Mrs. Moore has had bestowed Crosses of Honor upon the 
veterans of Mildred Lee Camp, U. C. V., and ninety crosses 
are now worn by the veterans, who prize them above all other 
decorations. Dixie Chapter, under her direction, has erected 
monuments for all the Confederate dead buried on their beau 
tiful plot in the city cemetery; has celebrated all days made 
sacred by Southern memories ; has sent many valuable con- 
tributions to the Confederate Home at Austin ; and is in the 
front rank in every department of Confederate work. 

Mrs. Moore's unanimous election to the office of Vr ■ Presi- 
dent of the Texas Division was a graceful acknowlei. ^ment 
of her zeal shown not alone in her Chapter work but as 
Chairman of Children's Auxiliaries in 1902 and auxiliaries in 
college work in 1903. 

Mrs. Moore is an active member of the Daughters of the 
Republic of Texas, Federation of Women's Clubs, Dames of 
1846, etc. She is Stale Historian of Dames of 1846, and her 
daughter, another well-known club woman, Mrs. Zylla Moore 
Cardin, is State Commandant of the Dames of 1846 for Ken- 

Mrs. Moore, before marriage, was Miss Victoria Shannon, 
a daughter of Col. T. J. Shannon, one of the leading men in 
the early history of Texas, and Eliza Easton Shannon, a 
ncitcil beauty. Sluirlly attoi the war slie married Edwin 

Vice President United Daughters o£ the Confcderar\ . 

Moore, who had a fine record as a Confederate soldier, though 
he entered the army wlien only eighteen. He was severely 
wounded at the battle of Shiloh. Mrs. Moore is a typical 
Southern lady, gracious and accomplished. 


Reply to *'MarchIng through Georgia,*' l>y Mrs. Sadie Colbert Burl<e, 
Bainbrtdge, Ga. 

The pride of every nation is her brave and gallant men, 
Their praise is rung from mountain top and echoed in the glen ; 
Then here's to Sherman's "dashing boys," who w-on glory on 

the day 
They desolated Georgia homes when the owners were away. 

Hurrah! Hurrah! We heard your "jubilee !" 
' Twas sung in dear old Georgia from Atlanta to the sea. 
Hurrah! Hurrah! It made old Cuflfee shout. 
For Marsicr .m' de boys were gone and none to turn you out. 

When you marched through dear old Georgia, leaving sorrow 

in your train. 
The cry of hungry children and mothers all in vain, 
\ our cruel song was chorused by the darky's lusty shout. 
F'or "Ole Marse an' de boys" were gone and none to turn you 


The boasted "Union men " were deserters from our ranks 
That gave such lordly welcome to fifty thousand Yanks ; 
.\nd the spirit of our fathers would inurnnir in the grave 
If o'er such wi'y traitors the dear old flag sliouId"wave. 

The starf and stripes, the honored flag, our fathers' -acred 

Once proudly borne by Valor's hand, you trailed it in the 
The day you quit the battlefield and raised the private latch 
To raid upon the "goobers and the sweet potato patch." 

We bravely met i,ou in the field; our pluck you can't deny. 
And though your numbers trebled ours, we often made you fly. 
.•\ lesson true we taught to you at the battle of Bull Run 
That a little war with Southern boys was anything but fun ! 

No treason moved the Southern heart, so noble, true, and 

brave ; 
The sacred cause we loved, though dead, sleeps in an honored 

grave ; 
.\nd glory wreathes oi.r heroes' names on Fame's bright page 

God bless the men that fought and lost, our men that wore the 

gray ! 

The aullior of this poem gives the following incident as the 
inspiration for the reply to "Marching through Georgia:" ".Vn 
old friend of mine, a noble Southern woman, was spending 
■<onic lime in New York when Gen. Grant was buried there. 
In the long procession that followed him to the tomb were 
many Southerners, and among them our honored Gen. Gordon. 
For some cause the procession was halted just as Gen. Gordon 
was in front of a fashionable hotel, where my friend was 
stopping. He was soon recognized as he sat upon his splendid 
charger, the sunbeams falling sweet and golden upon his bowed 
head. In a moment a bevy of children came out on the veranda 
and lustily sang 'Marching through Georgia.' O the shame! 
the insul; to our noble general, who stooped to do them 
honor ! Knowing my ability in rhyming, my friend wrote nie 
an account of this, and suggested that I reply. I did so with 
trembling hands and throbbing pulse, and set the words :o 
music. Mrs. Pickett, widow of our great general, tried to get it 
published, but there was an enemy in every music house, anj 
il was lost for several years. Through perseverance on Mrs. 
Pickett's part, the song was found in the post office at Wash- 
ington and returned to me." 


QoQfedera t:(^ l/eteraij. 



The incident above referred to took place during the siege 
of Battery Wagner, S. C, a short time prior to the bfimbard- 
ment and assault upon that historic fortress, wliich occurred 
on the i6th of July, 1863, resulting in the complete repulse 
of the Federal forces, and one of the most signal defeats of 
the war, the numbers engaged considered. 

Although the writer has heretofore given a very full ac- 
count of this great siege, bombardment, and assault in several 
addresses which have been printed, no reference was made to 
the episode hereinafter described, for the reason that he was 
one of the participants in the same. At the special request, 
however, of some of his comrades in arms, he has consented 
to send it to the Confederate Veteran, Ijcing largely in- 
duced to do this because of the pleasure it gives him to 
make public the conduct of his gallant associates upon the 
occasion referred 10. 

Battery Wagner was situated on Morris Island, about six 
miles from Charleston. Its guns commanded the channel 
approach to that city, and the possession of the island was 
considered the key to the city. The enemy had effected a 
landing on the southern end of the island, and, moving up 
their forces, had erected heavy batteries about sixteen hundred 
yard>- in front of Wagner. The latter, which was occupied 
by 01 ■ troops, was a large bastioned earthwork, inclosed on 
all sides, and situated upon a neclv of the island, so narrow 
that the battery (more properly fort) extended across its full 
width two hundred and fifty yards at that pomt from the sea 
or ship channel on one side to Vincent Creek, a deep and 
narrow salt water creek, on the other. This island was a 
long, low, sandy, sea island, almost denuded of growth, save 
a few palmetto trees, a number of which grew along the banks 
of Vincent Creek. There was situated ncai the banks of this 
creek an abandoned two-story wooden houfc, much nearer thj 
enemy's works than ours, of which a small body of the enemy 
took possession ; ni fact, it was the he idquarters of their 
night outpost picket. 

From the upper windows of this house a band of sliarp- 
shooters had been constantly harassing the garrison at Wagner 
by firing plunging shots in their elevated positions from their 
long-range rifles, and scarcely a day passed without some sol- 
dier in the open parade of the fort being killed or wounded. 
Of course, Ihe troops could not perpetually remain under 
cover in the stifling bomb proofs, and they were necessarily 
exposed to tlie rifle file of this unseen, pitiless foe, who were 
dealing death day after day in their ranks. They could not 
be dislodged by infantry, as they had the near support of 
ten thousand troops in their own works (our force in the 
fort being less than fifteen hundred men). They could not 
be shelled by artillery, because we were day and night strength- 
ening our works, and any artillery demonstration from our 
fort would have resulted in drawing upon us the concentrated 
fire of all the enemy's siege guns, which were of tlie heavies; 

In the daytime the enemy's pickets were withdrawn from 
the house, leaving only the sharpshooters to do their daily, 
deadly work. No feasible expedient could be adopted to burn 
fliis house and abate this intolerable nuisance, and night only 
brought relief to the harassed garrison. 

It was possible for a very few men, under the shelter of the 
creek bank m places, and the scant growth of shrubbery, to 
approach the house in the daytime, but no considerable num- 
ber could do so without being seen at once, and it was, of 

course, impracticable to do so at night. At the time men- 
tioned I was a captain of infantry, but detached from my 
regiment in Virginia, and was temporarily assigned to stalT 
duty as inspector general with Gen. William B. Taliaferro, 
who commanded Fort Wagner. One morning in July, l8t^^, 
about a week or ten days before the bombardment and assault 
on the l8th of July, described in my address, Lieut. J. I. 
Doughty, of Augusta, Ga.. who is still living in that city, re- 
ceived a box of eatables from home, and invited the writer, 



Lieut. W. M. Hitt, and Lieut. Thomas Tutt, also of Augusta at 
that time, and Sergt. Hopps, from Missouri, to dine with hiin in 
his quarters in the fort. We were enjoying, as only ravenous 
soldiers could, the delicious viands which tender hands .-it 
home had stored away in this precious bo.x, and had nearly 
finished our nicnl, when one of Tutt's men came in hurriedly 
and reported, with a voice quivering with emotion, that a 
well-known comrade of his command (whose name the writer 
has forgotten) had just been shot dead in the open fort by one 
of the enemy's sharpshooters from the house referred to. 
Tutt sprang from his seat, his dark eyes flashing fire, with a 
strange light gleaming from their depths, and, looking into our 
faces, said, with his own set hard with determination, and 
with fury written in every line : "Boys, let us get a rifle 

;.piecc and drive the d d rascals from that house and burn 

it, or perish in the attempt." There were five of us present — 
Putt, Doughty, Hitt, Hopps, and myself in the party. We 
were all quite young, and the strange magnetism of Tutt, who 
was our senior by several years, and his determined bearing 
immediately fired us all with an enthusiasm which I will never 
forget, and, without taking time to reflect upon the peril or 
the consequences of the enterprise, we agreed, and at once 
formed our plan of action. Gen. Taliaferro had gone that day 
to the city of Charleston, and, in his absence, the command 
of the fori devolved upon Col. Charles H. Olmstead, for- 
merly of this city, but now living in New York. We quickly- 
made our plans, and, each procuring a rifle and ammunition. 


Qopfederate l/eterai?. 


we secretly left the fort about 3 p.m. on the perilous expedi- 
tion. Being a staff officer, I was enabled to pass the party 
out at the sally port, and, crouching low and stealthily, in 
Indian file, Tutt being in the lead, we glided slowly up the 
creek, taking advantage of its banks, the palmetto trees, and 
occasional sand dunes to hide us from view (which we found 
it to be a very difficult matter to do). The house was about 
fifty yards from the creek, and, when we had reached a point 
about one hundred yards from it, we halted, and, lying down 
together behind some stunted shrubbery, held a council of 
war. It was impossible to retreat then, because the shaip- 
shooters had evidently seen some movement, and, with their 
rifles in hand, we could see them at the windows, looking in- 
tently in our direction. The space between us and the house 
was a perfectly open sand area, without the slightest shelter or 
protection. There was not a moment to lose, as the enemy 
was growing more and more suspicious. There were eight 
sharpsliooters in the house, but at the time we did not know 
the number. There were only five of us. We at once con- 
cluded to make a dash for the house. The enemy were at the 
windows on the side of the house looking toward our fort. 
We had crept to a point nearly opposite the end. so that they 
could only get a few oblique shots at us from the windows be- 
fore we could pass the line of fire, the end of the house inter- 
posing its friendly shelter after passing this line. At a signal 
from Tutt (who, by common consent, became our leader), 
and on the full run we rushed for the building, a scattering 
volley being fired at us, providentially without effect. Meeting 
together on the opposite side of the house, we ran pellmell 
into the building through the open door in the back of the 
same. The enemy seemed stunned by the suddenness of the 
attack, and we were fairly in the hall before they were enabled 
to start down the narrow stairway to meet us. A general fu- 
sillade followed. The vivid flashes of the rifles lighting up the 
hall, which was soon filled with dense smoke, caused them to 
retreat to their former position, and Tutt, raving like a demon, 
started upstairs alone, but we pulled him back. He then, in a 
loud voice, ordered the house set on fire, which we at once 

I.IEUT. W. M. IIITT, .\TI.ANTA, fl.V. 


did, retiring to the open area in the rear after the fire had made 
considerable headway, which we started immediately under 
the stairsteps. The building was old and dry, and burnt like 
tinder, and it was a case of the enemy being cremated or 
leaving the house. Some of them ran out of the doors, and 
others jumped from the windows. We stood around with our 
rifles cocked, firing at them as they appeared. They made a 
feeble resistance, shooting wildly, and the survivors took to 
their heels. Several of them were shot and the others made 
good their escape. 

By this time the musketry and the burning building had 
aroused the respective garrisons of the two forts, which 
swarmed in masses on their parapets; we were at easy rifle 
range of the Yankee garrison, and if we attempted to retreat 
across the open area of sand, death to us would have been the 
inevitable result. The only way back by the creek margin was 
already swept by a hurricane of bullets, the enemy evidently 
supposing that there was a large body of us concealed in the 
shrubbery near the now consumed house. We realized too 
late that we were caught like rats in a trap. In front of us, 
two hundred yards nearer the enemy's works, was a little 
hillock or sand dune on this open area of sand, and. although 
it brought us much nearer the Federal works, we made a dash 
for it in order to shelter ourselves from the terrific fire which 
was now concentrated upon us by the thoroughly aroused 
Yankee garrison. With only a slight wound received by 
Hopps, though some of us had our clothing torn by bullets, 
we providentially gained the sand hill, which was only a few 
feet higher than the surrounding plane, and each of us sank 
down at full length behind it. and for the time being were 
comparatively safe from the enemy's leaden missiles, which 
sung around us, intermixed with that ominous sound of the 
bullet — s — t, s — t. s — t, s — t — familiar to all soldiers who saw 
service in that war. 

It was our purpose in seeking this shelter to remain there un- 
til night had set in, and then slip back to Wagner under cover 
of darkness, but it was not so ordered. After lying in the 
position described, under the pitiless rays of a scorching July 
sun for some little time, the enemy's fire greatly slackened, 
and I stealthily peeped over the sand dune to take an observa- 
tion, when, to my horror, I saw a full company of Yankee 
infantry, which had silently moved out of their works, rapidly 
approaching us, the sunlight flashing from their bright bayo- 
nets as they marched. Turning to my companions, I said: 
"Boys, look yonder; it's all up with us now." Certain death 
or capture indeed seemed inevitable, and we each realized it. 
The invincible Tutt, however, swore that he would not be 
taken alive, and seemed inexorable in this determination, al- 
though we assured him that any resistance we might then make 
would be unavailing against such a body of men, numbering 
thirty or forty rifles, and would end in our butchery by an 
exasperated foe. Tutt persisted, however, and, indignantly 
scorning the idea of surrender, without further parley dis- 
charged his rifle full at the approaching enemy. This, of 
course, settled the question, as nothing was then left to us 
but to stand by our reckless and intrepid comrade, which we 
did for all we were worth. With elbow touching elbow, and 
our heads alone visible above the sand bank, we kept up a 
steady fire upon the line of blue rapidly ncaring us. At the 
first volley they halted, returned the-fire, and then with huzzas 
came for us on the full run. The situation was appalling, but 
we continued to pour our fire into them. Occupying a posi- 
tion prone on the sand, and our vision obscured by the smoke 
of the guns, we did not see the effect of our shots, and did 
not know until afterwards informed by Col. Olmstead, who 


Qopfedcrat^ l/etera^. 

watched the scene closely with his field glass, that several ol 
the enemy were carried off by their comrades. What was it, 
then, that shook the island from center to circumference? 
Turning our heads in the direction of the sound, we wit- 
nessed a sight which sent the blood tingling in our veins. 
The entire face of Wagner was enveloped in rolling clouds 
of smoke, lit up v.ith crimson flame from bastion to bastion 
by the guns of the fort. The heaviest batteries of siege guns 
on this entire face of Wagner were suddenly opened upon the 
approaching Federal infantry. Charlie Olmstead, my old 
schoolmate, who was commanding in the absence of Gen. 
Taliaferro, had come to the rescue. The artillery fire, con- 
ducted by that accomplished and gallant soldier, Lieut. Col. 
J. C. Simpkins. of South Carolina, and chief of artillery, was 
directed with wonderful precision, and the shells passing over 
our heads and bursting beyond us uncomfortably close, in the 
very face of the enemy, scattered them like chaff before the 
wind. But something we had not counted on followed. The 
Yankee fort immediately opened their batteries of heavy guns 
upon Wagner, and one of the most terrific artillery duels I 
ever witnessed during the war was thus precipitated between 
the respective forts, and all stirred up by our little band. The 
scene was grand and awe-inspiring, both sides shelling furi- 
ously over our heads at each other. Of course all the in- 
fantry on both sides were driven from the parapets by this 
terrific artillery fire. It was plain that this demonstration on 
the part of Col. Olmstead was made to safely cover our re- 
treat, and we rapidly raced for our works through the heavy 
sand and under the rays of the hottest sun I ever felt. We 
arrived safely, completely winded and exhausted. Once in 
the fort we separated, and silently crept to our respective 
quarters. Col. Olmstead soon made his appearance, and placed 
the writer under arrest. The Colonel had, without orders, 
assumed a grave responsibility in the prompt and gallant 

action he had taken to save us, and save us he did, as but 
for his conduct not one of us would have been left to tell the 
tale. The heavy firing on the island had greatly excited the 
people in Charleston, and Gen. Taliaferro hurried back to the 
fort, reaching it a little after dark. Olmstead met him at the 
boat landing at Cummings Point and related to this grim 
old soldier all that had passed. They then came together into 
my quarters (also the quarters of the General), and, feigning 
sleep, I overheard their conversation. "Well," said the Gen- 
eral, "the boys destroyed that infernal nuisance, the house, 
did they?" "Yes," responded Olmstead. "Good," grunted the 
old General. Then, nodding toward me as I lay on the floor, 
"Release him from arrest when he wakes up," which Charlie 
was only too glad, of course, to do. 

Tutt and Hopps not long afterwards joined the ranks of 
that great army underground — they were spared the great 
sorrow of the final disaster, when the sun of the Confederacy 
went down at Appomattox. They were both killed. Three 
of us survive — J. J. Doughty, of .'\ugusta, Ga. ; William M 
Hitt, now of Atlanta, Ga. ; and the writer.' "May both these 
boys be spared for many years to come, for truer soldiers and 
more gallant men never faced a foe I" 

Comrade J. H. Tomb, of St. Louis, who was a chief engi- 
neer in the Confederate Navy, writes as follows: "It will no 
doubt interest many of your old veteran readers, who arc now 
watching the active work of the Japs on the Russians with 
modern torpedo boats, to know that the first steam torpedo 
boat that ever made a successful attack upon a ship was com- 
manded by a Confederate naval officer. On the night of October 
5, 1S63, in the Iiarbor of Charleston, Lieut. W. T. Glasscl, C. 
S. N., in command of the steam torpedo boat David, attacked 
the United States ship New Ironside. This was the first 
successful attack made by a steam torpedo boat ; and while 
the Ironside was not sunk, she was so disabled that she did not 
fire another gun on Charleston. At that time we did not know 
the extent of the damage done, but afterwards learned from the i 
official report of the chief carpenter to Rear Admiral Dahl- 
gren that it was so extensive as to warrant him in advising 
that the ship be docked as soon as she could be spared from the 
harbor. In justice to the memory of Lieut. W. T. Glasscl, one 
of tlic bravest officers in the Confederate navy, it should lie 
known that to him belongs the honor of maki;:g the first suc- 
cessful a'tack with a steam torpedo boat known in history. 
The torpedo was charged with sixty-five pounds of rifle 

The Daughters of the Confederacy of Coleman, Tex., have 
undertaken to raise a fund for the erection of a Confederate 
monument on the square, feeling that it will not only beautify 
the courthouse jiark but will be an inspiration to tlic coming 
generations and perpetuate the memory of those wlio foughi 
and fell for the cause of the South. Mrs. J. P. Lcdbetter is 
Chairman of the Committee, and directs that contributions be 
left with Mr. Cameron, of the Coleman National Bank, or Mr. 
Collins, of the First National Bank. An entertainment is soon 
to be given at the courthouse for the benefit of this fund. 


Capt. R. E. House. — Any one seeing this notice who knew 
or served with Capt. R. E. House in the war will greatly 
oblige me by giving the name of his company, regiment, and 
other information relative to his service. He entered tht 
service at Wetumpka, Ala., and served in the battles in Ten- 
nessee. — Mrs. Cone Johnson. Tyler, Tex. 


(Confederate l/eteraj?. 


Massachusetts has erected the first monument in the Battle 
Park at Vickshurg to the Twenty-Ninth, Thirty-Fifth, and 
Thirty-Sixth Regiments of her volunteers. "The Volunteer," 
as the statue is called, stands upon a huge block of native 
Massachusetts granite; and the sculptor, Mrs. Theo Alice 
Ruggles Kitsi>n. liar., witli wonderful accuracy, portrayed the 


American volunteer soldier, it niatlers not from what sec- 
tion or State he comes. The frank, open, fearless expression ; 
the free and easy poise in the bold swinging route step; the 
light marching trappings — all emphasize the sculptor's correct 
conception of the American volunteer as distinct from the 
conscript, the mercenary, the adventurer, or the pillager. 

The statue was unveiled at the park in the presence of an 
assembly composed largely of ex-Federals and ex-Confederates. 
Tlie sculptor, assisted, at her request, by Miss Marie Estelle 
Coleman, who originated the Daughters of Confederate Vet- 
erans and was made first President of the organization, drew 
the cords that held the bunting. Gov. Bates, of Massachusetts, 
made a patriotic address, in which he frequently referred to 
the gallantry of the Confederate volunteers. 

"What do we here? We dedicate this memorial of stone 
and bronze to the Massachusetts men, living and dead, who 
have participated in the greatest war of all time. We dedii:aic 
' it in appreciation of their sacrifice and valor, and, so dedi- 
I eating it, we recognize the sacrifice and the valor of all en- 
gaged in lliat conflict, wherever they fought and whether they 
! wore the blue or the gray. 

"Mississippi, with her traditions, leading her like a hand 
stretching out from the past, was quick to respond for the 
cause of the South. Massachusetts, led also by traditions of 
the past, was quick to respond for the North. 

"Vicksburg was defended by men indomitable and brave. 

Never did the inhabitants of any town, ancient or modern, win 

more deserved renown for their willingness to suffer rather 

than yield. Reduced to the direst extremity of famine, living 

I on mule meat with starvation hideously staring at them, bur- 

I rowing in the cliffs that they might escape the shrieking shells 

that had already destroyed their homes, they nevertheless 

cheerfully accepted all as incidents of warfare; while the Con- 

I federate army, with annihilation threatening it, continued its 

heroic defense till all hope of success was gone and until 

further effort could result in nothing save needless carnage." 

In his address of welcome. Gen. Stephen D. Lee, member of 
the Vicksburg Military Park Commission, concluded a patri- 
otic address as follows: 

"Governor Bates, I welcome you and your distinguished 
party, coming more than a thousand miles and representing 
one of the greatest and proudest of the original thirteen 
States, to do honor to and perpetuate in enduring bronze and 
stone the courage and patriotism and devotion of the sons of 
Massachusetts, in the mightiest and bloodiest and most costly 
struggle of modern times. 

"On the banks of this the greatest river in the world the 
most decisive and far-reaching battle of the war was fought 
Here at Vicksburg over 100,000 gallant soldiers and a powerful 
fieet of gunboats and ironclads in terrible earnestness for forty 
days and nights fought to decide whether the new Confeder- 
ate States should be cut in twain, whether the great river 
should flow free to the gulf or should have its commerce him- 
dered. We all know the result— the Union army, under Gen. 
Grant, and the Union navy, under Admiral Porter, were vic- 
torious. The Confederate army, under Gen. Pemberton, num- 
bering 30,000 men, was captured, and Gen. Grant's army set 
free for operating in other fields. 

"It was a staggering blow, from which the Confederacy 
never rallied. The regiments from your State took an honor- 
able part in the campaign here, and it is well your State should 
honor their memory." 

Mrs. A. T. Sniythe. of Charleston, President of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, and Mrs. A. W. Rapley, of St. 
Louis, President of the Missouri Division of the U. D. C, 
have. It is understood, agreed to hold the annual convention 
of the Daughters in St. Louis October 4-8, instead of the usual 
days in November. Confederate Day at the World's Fair will 
be October 7, and that date has been set apart by the manage- 
ment to the Daughters of the Confederacy. 

At the Charleston convention it was ordered that representa- 
tion be as follows : 

Maryland ,^7 

Mississippi ^.^ 

Missouri ^6 

Montana 5 

New Yorlt 14 

Norlli Carolina w 

Ohio i 

Oklahoma t 

South Carolina So 

Tennessee 68 

Teaas 'St 

Utah • 

Virginia ia6 

West Virginia 39 



Alsbimi 8S 

Arkansas 4*^ 

C-ilifornla 27 

District of Columbia. s 

Florida .^o 

Georgi* S2 

IndiAU Territory 7 

Kentucky ''h 

Louisiana 63 

History Committee, U. D. C. 
Mrs. Augustine T. Smythe, President of the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy, has appointed the following ladies 
on the History Committee, U. D. C. : Mrs. James Mercer 
Garnett, of Maryland; Miss Mary B. Poppenheim, of South 
Carolina; Mrs. S. P. Pugh, of Louisiana; Miss A. C. Benning, 
of Georgia; Mrs. Ida V. M. Hardy, of Mississippi. 

In connection with the sketch of Company F, Twelfth Ala- 
bama Regiment, in the February Veteran, page 81, the fol- 
lowing paragraphs were unavoidably omitted. The record 
membership of that company is a credit as well to the regiment 
and the State from which they served. 

It will be interesting to note that of the surviving members 
of this company letters were read from Rev. William A. 
Moore, of Neches, Tex.: Mr. Fletch S. Zachry, of Tyler, 
Tex.; Mr. George P. Ward, of Willhite, La.; and Mr. J. S. 
Porter, of Lawrenceville, Ga. 

Toasts were drunk to absent comrades, to the memory of 
those who had crossed the river, and to the charming hosts 
and hostesses who entertained the company. 


Qopfederatc Ueterat)- 

(^oofederate l/eterarj. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, EJitor unJ rropr!c«or. 
Office: Methodist Pnblithing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

ThU publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunninphanl. All per- 
tOBS who approve lis principles and re:ilizc'ils I>enr6t8 as an organ for A^ 
dallona throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
OoCpenUe in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 


The editor of the Veteran was at a meeting of the Atlanta 
Camp recently, and the greeting is recalled with pride. 

In his eminently practical way, Capt. R. E. Park, Treasurer 
of Georgia, asked that the editor make such statements as he 
desired about his work, and he replied that he had but little 
to say for the Veteran, that he had never solicited a sub- 
scriber, and he preferred that others speak of that. He did 
appeal most earnestly for the "Bill Arp" Memorial, and 
begged that Georgians take up the matter and contribute lib- 

Responding, Capt. Park rather rebuked the editor for his 
modesty, and said that he ought to have discussed the Vet- 
eran. He is as liberal a contributor, including members of 
his family, as any other to the memorial referred to. In mak- 
ing an earnest appeal for the Veteran, he said that all 
Confederates in particular ought to be constantly diligent for 
increase of circulation. 

When Capt. Park had finished speaking, Gen. Clement A. 
Evans rose and said : "I am glad indeed that Capt. Park has 
spoken so warmily and justly about our visiting comrade. It 
is one good soldier giving well-deserved praise to another. I 
would say that our cause had no braver soldier in battle than 
Cunningham, and no more earnest and valuable exponent and 
defender in peace. The flag of the Veteran, which he has 
edited and published so many years, has been flying at the 
front to represent the whole truth and worth and sacredness 
of our Confederate history. We are indebted to the per- 
sistence and fidelity of its editor, the soldier, who is our wel- 
come guest to-night, for the great good it has done. It has 
not made him rich, and never will, but it has done better by 
giving the riches of truth to others, the riches of his comrades' 
esteem, and the personal satisfaction that his life has been well 
spent, and all spent for one great and sacred purpose." 

Judge W. L. Calhoun, who was long President of. the Con- 
federate Home for Georgia and is now the President of the 
committee to erect an equestrian statue to Gen. Gordon, fol- 
lowed Gen. Evans. He bore cordial testimony to the fact 
that, in the years he had served his comrades in Confederate 
matters, he had never made any request of the Veteran that 
was not complied with promptly and liberally, and he com- 
mended what his associates had said. 

As the guest was about departing for an early train, Cap!. 
W. H. "Tip" Harrison, Adjutant of the Camp, and who 
would make a good brigadier, joined in the hearty expres 
sions, and said : "I will send you ten new subscribers soon." 

The Veteran has no occasion to murmur. It is evident 
that a hundred thousand persons read every issue, and it is 
rare now that there are orders to stop it except on account 
of death, and its continuation to the family after death is an 
injunction often made by comrades that will be sacredly re 
garded. None of the following owed the Veteran anything, 
and of course none knew of the other's action. Enough 
of kindly notices have come in correspondence during the 
past two months to satisfy the most ardent desire for human 

It is a coincidence that these notes from such distinguished 
persons should come in such proximity to each other. These 
good friends will pardon the publication of their letters. 

From Commander Texas Division, U. C. V. 
Mrs. Davis Sends Check for $5 from New York. 

Inclosure from Gen. George Washington CubTis Lee. 

Correction.— In the last issue of llie Veteran the notice fl 
referring to the services of Gen. Longstrcet as Railroad Com 
missioner stated that Gen. Jos. E. Johnston was his immediat- 
predecessor in this government position. That was an error. 
Gen. Wade Hampton succeeded Gen. Johnston. President 
Cleveland appointed Gen. Hampton during his second term 
as President, and upon his resignation President McKinley 
appointed Gen. Longstreet. 

(Confederate l/eterap. 



Upon learning that September would be a very inconvenient 
time for many people of the South, particularly in the cotton- 
producing sections, the Committee, by unanimous vote, has 
rescinded the date and submitted the matter entirely to the 
Commander and Department Commanders, suggesting, how- 
ever, that June 14, 15, and 16 would be agreeable to Nashvill*. 

The Veteran informed the Commander in Chief, Gen. Ste- 
phen D. Lee, who replied as follows: 

"Thanks for your telegram announcing action of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee as to date of reunion. Your Nashville peo- 
ple could not have acted more nicely than they did, and our 
comrades everywhere ought to appreciate their yielding their 
date to our wishes for a change. . . . Also, I feel that we 
should in deference to our hosts accept the new dates in June. 
Let us all work for a great reunion." 

Later Adjt. Gen. Mickle telegraphed the Veteran that the 
date suggested by Nashville is accepted, and tliat everything 
possible will be done to make the reunion one of the largest 
and most successful ever held. 


Comrade R. J. Harding, of Jackson, Miss., writes: "So much 
has been said about the "Lee to the rear" incident that, having 
been a member of the Texas Brigade, I wish to add my testi- 
mony to that given heretofore as to the claims of the Texas 
Brigade. But it will be seen from histories of the Army of 
Northern Virginia that Gen. Lee, on several occasions, attempt- 
ed to lead his troops in battle. At the Wilderness, on May 
6, he tried to lead the Texas Brigade; later, in the fighting 
around Spottsylvania, he attempted to lead Howe's Missis- 
^ippians, and the Virginians at the 'Bloody Angle.' In all of 
these attempts he was prevented by the men around him, as 
lie would have been by any body of soldiers in his army had 
the same opportunity presented itself." 

Capt. R. D. Funkhouser, of the Forty-Ninth Virginia, Pe-'s Brigade, Gordon's Division, writing an interesting ac- 
''unt of tlie same incident, says: "It is a confusion in dates 
that has caused the On the 6th of May Gen. 
Lee did attempt to lead the Texas Brigade, and on the 12th 
he did attempt to lead the Forty-Ninth Virginia to recover 
'1'. salient at Spottsylvania, lost by Gen. Edward Johnson's 
CCS. Gen. Gordon came up just at that time and requested 
' .en. Lee to go to the rear, which was shouted by the men. 
Lee to the rear !' " 

The fourteenth annual banquet of the Confederate Veteran 
Camp of New York City was the most elaborate affair of the 
Icind in the history of the Camp. It was given at the Waldorf- 
Astoria, and was indeed the grandest ever given at tliis famous 
Itustclry, not excepting that given to Prince Henry. 

After the banquet a grand ball was given in the Astor Gal- 
lery. The boxes were decorated with Virginia creeper and 
bunting and filled with beautiful women. About four hun- 
dred ladies and gentlemen were on the floor and in the boxes, 
I and perhaps as many more filled the space behind the boxes. 
! The direction of affairs throughout was by Maj. Edward 
I Owen, Commander of the Canvp, who has given several other 
cntertaii ;;,ents of sinnlar character, with each a little better 
than the former. 

, The following were among the toasts: "The President and 
■the Army and Navy of the United States ;" "The Memory cf 
Robert E. Lee;" "Virginia, Her Washington, Her Lee;" "The 
Capture of New York by the Confederates ;" "United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy." 

In some recent correspondence information is asked about 
the civil side of the Confederacy — as to how it provided the 
means to equip and sustain the armies in the field, how it built 
ships, foundries, and arsenals. This correspondent, Taylor 
McRae. of Fort Worth, Tex., says the Selma arsenal was built 
by his uncle, Colin J. McRae, for the government, and he was 
afterwards financial agent for the Confederacy in England and 
France. It was here that the famous steamer Tennessee was 
built and launched and the iron to sheet her molded or 
wrought. His questions on the subject create the desire for 
some contributions from those who are well-informed, and the 
Veteran requests such contributions for publication. 

A comrade, writing from Hammond, La., says: "There is 
now in the Confederate Home at Austin. Tex., a gallant old 
soldier, Capt. William R. Bradfute, who is the last living 
officer of the famous First Tennessee in our war with Mexico, 
where he rendered distinguished service. When the War be- 
tween the States began he was captain in the Second United 
States Cavalry, but resigned and accepted an office on the 
staflf of Gen. Ben McCulloch. Capt. Bradfute is now nearly 
eighty years old, but prefers living on his pension as a Mexican 
veteran and in the Confederate Soldiers' Home, both fairly 
earned by his own hands, than to be dependent upon relatives 
or even his own son, Dr. Champe Bradfute, of Baltimore, Md. 
Why should not the Cross of Honor be conferred on this old 
Veteran? It is the last reward the old man can ever get for 
his services to the Confederacy." 


In assuming command of the Arnn- of Tennessee Depart- 
ment, U. C. v., Gen. Evans issues General Order No. i, 
stating that the staff of the late Commander of this depart- 
ment is hereby continued as the staff of the present Command- 
ing General ; also that the headquarters of the department will 
be continued as heretofore established, at Columbus, Miss.: 

Brig. Gen. E. T. Sykes, Columbus, Miss., Adjutant Gen- 
eral and Chief of Staff; Col. H. C. Myers, of Memphis, Tenn., 
Assistant Adjutant General; Cols. R. P. Lake, of Memphis, 
Tenn., Quartermaster General ; Alfred M. O'Neal, Florence, 
Ala., Inspector General; E. L. Russell, of Mobile, Ala., Com- 
missary General ; W. L. Calhoun, Atlanta, Ga., Judge Advo- 
cate General; W. J. McMurry, Nashville, Tenn., Surgeon 
General ; H. F. Sproles, Vicksburg, Miss., Chaplain General. 

The Aids-de-Cainp are colonels, and are as follows : 

L. L. Middlebrook, Covington, Ga. ; R. M. Howard, Colum- 
bus, Ga. ; W. D. Ellis, Sr., Atlanta, Ga. ; Charles S. Arnall, 
Atlanta, Ga. ; B. F. Eshleman, New Orleans, La. ; Arstude 
Hopkins, New Orleans, La.; W. H. Rogers, New Orleans, 
La. ; J. M. Dickinson, Chicago, 111. ; Samuel L. Robertson, 
Birmingham, Ala.; D. P. Bestor, Mobile, Ala.; J. A. Kirk- 
patrick, Montgomery, Ala. ; J. V. Harris. Key West, Fla. ; 
W. R. Garrett, Nashville, Tenn. ; W. J. Crawford. Memphis, 
Tenn. ; G. D. Sliands, Oxford, Miss. ; George M. Helm, Green- 
ville, Miss.; S. A. Jonas, Aberdeen, Miss.; T. C. Carter, 
Meridian, Miss.; W. A. Montgomery, Edwards, Miss.; E. Q. 
Withers, Holly Springs, Miss. 

They will report by letter to the Lieutenant General Com- 
manding, .\tlanta, Ga. 

T. M. Emerson, of Manchester, Tean., wiihes to hear from 
Dr. W. H. Cooper and Dr. Price, who were on duty with bim 
at the State Hospital in Nashville when Fort Donelson (ell, 
and until Nashville surrendered to Gen. Buell's army. 


Qopfederate l/eterao- 



Recounting the reminiscences in life often bring with them 
unexpected joys. Those of the past half century in the United 
States have not, at all times, been of the most pacific nature, 
and yet they often leach historic lessons, forecasting character- 
istics and qualities var>ing with the characters and manhood 
of a people. 

We recall now, briefly, scenes simple and yet full of ro- 
mance, and none the less of character. The organization of 
the Tennessee regiments numbered Fourth, Fifth, Nineteenth, 
Twenty-Fourth, Thirty-First, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Fifth, 
Thirty-Eighth, and Forty-First Tennessee and the Fifth Con- 
federate into one in April, 1865, under James D. Tillman as 
colonel, the writer as lieutenant colonel, and C. S. Deakin p.s 
major, and the undaunted presence of that company of vet- 
erans that were ready to welcome death rather than desert the 
post of duty are facts of history now. 

It will not be taken amiss by the distinguished officer, and 
I am sure it will be read with marked interest by all our peo- 
ple who value the services of men who were willing to give 
their lives upon the altar of duty, if I here state a fact little 
known, occurring amid the confusions of the hour; if I here 
present what his superior officers thought of Col. Tillman in 
that elder day. It was a critical time. Richmond had fallen. 
Appomattox was an event of nine days before. It was in these 
words : 

"Bivouac Akmv of the South, April 18, 1865. 

To Whom II Mav Concern 

"Grceti'ig: Know all men by these presents, that James D. 
Tillman, colonel of the Forty-First Regiment, Tennessee Vol- 
unteer Infantry, has recently been appointed colonel of one of 
the Tennessee regiments in this army, and that this regiment 
was composed of the remnants of the Fourth, Fifth, Nine- 
teenth, Twenty-Fourth, Thirty-First, Thirty-Third, Thirty- 
Fifth, Thirty-Eighth, and Forty-First Tennessee Regiments 
and Fifth Confederate Regiment, and that the commanders of 
these regiments composed of remnants of the aforesaid oid 
regiments consolidated, were selected and appointed because of 
their experience, efficiency, and gallantry. 

"John C. Brown, Major General; C. L. Stevenson, Major 
General; William B. Bate, Major General; W. J. Hardee, 
Lieutenant General." 

From Belinont to Bentonville they had stood manfully at 
their post of duty, and were yet ready for the continued strug- 
gle. These Tennesseeans, in the vigor of manhood, veterans 
and inured to arms, though having just attained manhood, bore 
themselves with the .spirit and dash and intrepidity that had 
marked them on many a field. The colors the ensign bore 
were the workmanship of the ladies of Montgomery, Ala 
How the soldiers treasured this gift! How they looked upon 
its beautiful folds as they flashed in the sunlight ! 

The capitulation at Greensboro, iS'. C, then took place. The 
armies of the North gladly moved toward the national capital, 
and those of the South moved toward their respective States. 
The former were not less glad to see the end of that era of 
carnage. At the last fight incidents occurred which showed 
on the one hand the prowess of the soldier of the South, and 
on the other the willingness of the soldier of the North to 
defer further fighting. In the last engagement a Tennessee 
regiment penetrated Sherman's line of battle near the center, 
broke through to the rear, marched around by the flank, and 
retook its place in Johnston's army after the lapse of three or 
four days, and e.xhibited a heroism that had not been bowed 

down by misfortune and impending defeat. The words of the 
able and devout Dr. John B. McFerrin, in the valley near 
Greensboro, as he told in his original discourse, "For we have 
no continuing city here," were the last ones to an assembled 
body upon this field. 

Westward we took up our line of march. We were on our 
way home. Our route lay through Asheville, N. C. This little 
city, upon the banks of the French Broad, a dashing, leaping, 
restless stream, nestled in the mountains, beautiful for situa- 
tion, as the eye sweeps from the forceful waves that roll, dash, 
foam, and jostle at the base of this enchanted place, to the 
far-off mountains — always has been, from the days the Indians 
roved over her hills and dales, and always will be, a noted 
spot. "Verdure and blossom and the smile of coming spring 
are upon every hillside and valley." In that trying struggle, 
her heart full of loyalty for the South, her lovely daughters 
sang songs of daring and inspired others with the love of 
liberty. At the first call to arms her manly sons, moved by 
the teaching of their fathers and the spirit of 1776, gathered 
under the folds of the Southern banner. We were approaching 
Asheviile. These valiant soldiers were quietly marching on- 
ward toward the West. As I saw them marching on the 
route step home, serious, patient, thoughtful, I could not but 
recall their valor on many a field. What thoughts were com 
ing into their minds? To many, visions of their once beauitful 
homes were but a memory. Deserted farms and smoldering 
chimneys alone told the sad tale of their once happy childhood 
and boyhood and home life. Did the vision of the past or 
the forecast of the future make their imprint upon their 
youthful countenances? Did they foretell the wonderful en- 
durance and patience thereafter exhibited in the sad years 01 
reconstruction through which we have passed? Where art 
they now? How many have passed over to the other side? 


On matiy an occasion, as I stood at the head of that cohimi 
and looked down its ranks, I was filled with joy at their pres 
ence and thought of their heroic valor on many a field. Thi 
Greeks that followed Xenophon in his retreat were not mor 

Qopfederate l/eterap 


loyal to their colors, or braved greater dangers than these. No 
Roman had ever led braver men. Gustavus Adolphus never 
commanded more heroic soldiers, and the Revolution of 1776 
had no worthier. Quietly, patiently, over the mountains, up- 
hill and downhill, and along that rocky road to the West, they 
kept the line of march. 

Who were these Tennesseeans? Some had participated in 
the repulse of Grant at Belmont ; in the staggering blow given 
him at Shiloh ; in rolling back the fresh levies of McCook and 
the veterans of Gilbert under Buell at Perryville ; helped deal 
the heavy blows given Rosecrans at Murfreesboro ; witnessed 
the retreat at sunset of Thomas from Snodgrass Hill in the 
great battle of the River of Death ; saw the recoil of Sher- 
man's splendid brigade of Sheridan's Division as it was forced 
back upon Hooker at Missionary Ridge; were in the war 
waltz of Joe Johnston witli Sherman in the Georgia campaign ; 
passed over the works on the bridge of death at Franklin ; 
pressed Thomas with his threefold forces to the gates of Nash- 
ville; endured the hardships and sacrifices of the retreat from 
Tennessee; stood steadfastly upon the field at Bentonville. 

As we approached Ashcville I thought of the loyalty of her 
citizens ; of the attachment of licr people to the cause we had 
espoused; of the lives of sacrifice and valor, as illustrated by 
her sons, from Manassas to Gettysburg and from Gettysburg 
to Appomattox, and it occurred to me that they would like to 
see once more a body of soldiers marching under the flag of 
the South. Even our enemies in that day recognized the 
prowess of our soldiery. The distinguished James G. Blaini, 
failing to see there were two sides to this cause, writes of 
them : "Never perhaps was an army organized with fighting 
qualifies superior to those of the army put into the field by 
the Confederates, I'liey fought with an absolute conviction, 
however erroneous, that iheir cause was just." But there was 
a hipher plane which he never reached. They were not 
"rebels." They were not traitors. Like the Saxons, they had 
gone down before superior numbers at Hastings. But Saxon 
manhood survived the Norman victory. The soldiers of the 
North came as enemies into their homes, and they had rushed 
to arms as a brave people ought and as a brave people ever 
will. As we approached the city I said to my senior in com- 
mand : "Let us unfurl the flag once more; let Asheville's moth- 
ers and daughters see the battle flag waving over the sons of 
Tennessee." A distinguished Federal soldier had taken charge 
of the city. My senior said : "No, it might give offense." 
After proceeding some distance he turned to me and said : 
"I wish you would take command of the regiment. I desire 
to see a friend on business some two miles out." After his 
departure on that beautiful May morning in 1865. I said to the 
ensign, "Unfurl that flag." 

"'Unfurl that flag!' and every startled man 
Full into line, firm, soldierly, had sprung. 

The listless look was gone, the languid eye 
Now flashed again with patriotic flame — 

The heads just bowed were proudly held erect, 
And warriors hearkened as the orders came. 

Now those who bore their arms passed swiftly on, 
And ranked themselves unbidden at the front. 

While step to step, a ragged wall of gray. 
They marched as soldiers from the battle's brunt. 

And 'Dixie' wakes the echoes of the hills 
With stirring notes as spirited and true 

As when at first Confederates, brave and strong. 
Rung out her changes as they met the blue." 

He slipped the covering oflf the flag. At the command 
"Attention !" that band of men walked erect and the ensign 
lifted his colors. In a moment you could see the eftect upon 
that body, who had so often stood under its folds in the hour 
of battle. Like the white cockade mounted in the sight of 
the followers of Bruce, the effect was electric — the eye was 
kindled, the soul filled, and the boys with sturdy tread fol- 
lowed the ensign, animated by the simple strains of fife and 
drum. "Did they, like birds in spring, show gladness and be- 
come melodious? or was it the electric spark of sympathy and 
the heroic sense of fidelity to their cause?" The fifer and 
drummer took their places at the head of the column, and 
struck up a Southern air as we entered the city. Those with 
guns took their places at the head of the column following 
the music — the colors held by the ensign, with the color 
guards around it — the others following in line of march. As 
we entered Asheville at the command, "Right shoulder, shift 
arms," the command, with heads erect, with wills unbowed, 
with an energy of movement instinct with life and love of 
liberty, moved forward along the various streets from its 
eastern limit to its western slope. Strangely, but nevertheless 
in truth, there were some soldiers in Federal uniform that did 
not manifest joy as we passed, but from every cottage and 
every residence, from every door and every window waved a 
kerchief. Here and there, perhaps, tears fell as the inmates 
of that home thought of an unburied son or brother upon the 
fields of Virginia. At any rate, the heart of Asheville was 
touched and showed its sympathy. We passed the academic 
grounds. Along the fence in its entire front the girls stood, 
admiring and wondering at the approaching line. On a vacant 
lot, on the opposite side of the street, stood Clingman, Vance, 
and others, noted soldiers and citizens of Asheville. As the 
battalion approached and reached the line of girls, the nearest 
said : "Let me touch that flag." She caught it and kissed it, 
and the next did likewise, and as the ensign passed every one 
in that long line paid this tribute of love and sympathy to the 
flag borne by the Confederates — the workmanship of ladies of 
Alabama's capital. 

"With reverence they kissed the flag in tears. 

As one by one each maiden with bowed head 

Came softly forward, while their hallowed thoughts 

Had ushered in the presence of the dead. 

And so the story of the buried love 

Will live through time, sped on from tongue to tongue ; 

With harps attuned unto the heart's own chord, 

That last unfurling shall be softly sung." 
Westward and homeward we moved and passed along down 
by the banks of the French Broad, thinking of our homes, and 
the singular romance became a memory. 

Six Heroes Routed a Federal Regiment. — Lem Wilson 
writes from Ona, W. Va., December 28, 1903 : "In the Octo- 
ber Veteran, page 445, P. G. Carter, Celeste, Tex., inquires 
for the four comrades who went with him and M. B. Hylton 
on scout duty south of Newtown, Va., as Gen. Early was on 
his way into Maryland in 1864, on which occasion a Federal 
regiment was charged by six men and driven from town, and 
the six Confederates dined at the table of the Federal colonel 
after he left. The four names wanted are ; Thomas Meritt, 
Joseph Stewart, Israel Johnston, Lem Wilson, and the writer 
— all of the Eighth Virginia Infantry. I am glad to have 
learned about the two comrades who led us, it seemed, into 
the jaws of death; yet it was easily done. Grit carried us on, 
and the dust scared the Federals off fast." 


Confederate l/eteraij. 



For the truth of history I wish to correct a mistake mad: 
by Oamrade Nelson in the January issue of the Veteran as 
to the date of the battle of Raymond, Miss. This battle was 
fought on May 12 instead of the i6th. I was at Jackson, Miss., 
when Gregg's Brigade moved out, and remember distinctly 
Col. McGavock's "bloody Tenth" Tennessee. I'his was on 
the 11th of May, and the battle was fought the next day, the 

I was a member of Company D, Third Kentucky Regiment, 
Buford's Brigade, Loring's Division. Si.x companies of our 
regiment had been mounted only a short time previous at 
Meridian, Miss., and, under the command of Col. R. P. Thomp- 
son, ordered to report to Gen. Gregg, and were with him in 
this fight and covered his retreat to Jackson. 

On the 14th the enemy attacked Jackson, and the small force 
there held them in check until everything was removed, our 
forces retiring over the Canton road with Thompson still 
covering the rear. When our troops returned in a few days 
to Jackson they found the enemy had burned up the great- 
er part of the town. In the meantime we had moved out 
to Champion Hill or Baker's Creek, and fought the enemy 
there on the l6th. Gtn. Johnston was now in command, and 
maneuvered us about the Big Black River. On the night of 
July 4 we arrived at the railroad bridge, where we met Breck- 
inridge and French's Divisions with the pontoons. During the 
night a courier arrived informing Johnston of Pemberton's 
surrender, and the next morning we began our retreat to 
Jackson, with Loring's Division in the rear and Buford's Cav- 
alry covering the retreat. We fought the enemy all the way, 
and so closely did they press us that they arrived in Jackson 
almost as soon as our rear guard. After several days' fighting 
we fell back across Pearl River, then back to Lake Station. It 
was in this campaign that the Third Kentucky Regiment, bemg 
without colors, were presented by Gen. Hardee with one of his 
battle flags, a blue flag with a white cresent [the kind that 
Cleburne's men used], which we carried until the ladies of 
Canton, Miss., presented the regiment with a large silk flag. 



Reading about Swell's Battery in the November Veteran 
reminds me of another incident in which this battery was con- 
spicuous. The fight at Jonesboro was on, or about, August i. 
Hardee's Corps had marched all night, and reached Jonesboro 
about daylight. Our battery consisted of two twelve-pound 
Napoleons and two twelve-pound Parrotts. Capt. Shannon 
had been wounded on the 2isl of July in the fighting around 
Atlanta, and was not with us at Jonesboro, and Henry Steele 
was in command, with Lieut. F. M. Williams in charge of the 
second section. On reaching Jonesboro we were ordered to 
unlimber and feed. We rested until about ten o'clock, when 
we were ordered out to meet Kilpatrick's Cavalry, which we 
did, driving them back and capturing two pieces of artillery. 
About noon we were again permitted to rest, but not allowed 
to unharness the liorses. Being worn out from marching all 
the night previous and the morning fighting, many of the boys 
were soon sound asleep under and around guns, but about 
two o'clock we were roused up and ordered out to meet Sher- 
man's army. 

It was a grand and fearful sight to see that great army 
coming like a monster wave to ingulf us. They were several 
lines deep in our immediate front in an open field. Breckin- 
ridge was on our right, and no men ever put up a more gal- 

lant fight than did those Kentucky boys that day at Jonesboro. 
Govan, with his game little Arkansas Brigade, was supporting 
us, but courage and heroism availed nothing against such 
overwhelming odds. We poured grape and canister into them, 
cutting great gaps in their lines ; but they closed them up with 
fresh men, and came on to the very muzzles of our guns. Then 
the order was given to cease firing. Lieut. Williams repeated 
the order, and started to the rear, but looking back saw that G. 
G. Pegram, gunner of the fourth piece, had not heard the order, 
and was still working his gun. He went back to stop him, 
when he was mortally wounded, and died in the hands of the 
enemy. That night our forces fell back to Lovejoy Station. 

A day or two afterwards, the enemy having fallen back to 
Atlanta, Jo Craig and I, with three other comrades whose 
names I have forgotten, went over the battlefield of Jones- 
boro and found a grave marked with the name of "Lieut. F. M. 
Williams, C. S. A." We procured a coffin, dug up his poor 
body, placed it in the coffin, and reinterred it in the same 
grave. No better or braver soldier ever died for the cause we 
all loved. He was my messmate and sleeping companion for 
three years of the war. He was a Christian soldier and gen- 
tleman, whose example induced many of the boys to lead better 
lives; always ready to do and, if necessary, to die in the dis- 
charge of his duty, as shown in that last act of his life by 
going back into the fire of battle to enforce an order issued by 
his superior. 

If there are any members of the old battery living, I should 
be glad to hear from them. 


Letter from Judge John N. Lylc, Waco, Tex. : 

"In the December Veteran I am made to say : 'I note with 
gladness the decay of Camps,' etc. Of course 'sadness' is 
what I meant. 

"The Daughters of the Confederacy here, in response to the 
request of the survivors of the Stonewall Brigade, celebrated 
the 19th of January as 'Lee and Jackson Day.' A well-ar- 
ranged programme was admirably rendered. Short orations J 
on Lee and Jackson were delivered, and the occasion was f 
enlivened by songs and instrumental music. Only a few 
Camps and Chapters paid attention to the resolutions passed 
by the Stonewall veterans at Staunton. A copy was sent to 
the general convention of the U. D. C. at Charleston and to 
some State conventions, but it is evident that no notice was 
takcti by many of these organizations. The request, in these 
resolutions, was reasonable, and the suggestion of a cele- 
bration on the 19th of Lee's and Jackson's births jointly has 
met with unanimous approval wherever mentioned. The 
Daughters at Charleston must have been absorbed with too 
many other important matters. It cannot be that they were 
indifferent to the memory of so beloved a hero as Stonewall 
Jackson. If they think that his fame needs no celebrations to 
keep it alive, I agree with them. If they fear that the asso- 
ciation of his name with that of (jen. R. E. Lee in a celebra- jj 
tion will detract from the repuiation of the latter, their fears Jj 
are groundless. If there was any difference in the greatness 
of the two men, they were too far beyond ordinary mortals 
to differentiate and draw contrasts. 

"From the Camps nobody expected anything. The Veterans 
are now 'chimney corner' men ; few of the Camps get up cele- 
brations, and few of the individuals attend those gotten up by 
the Daughters. As to the Sons, when you get beyond a 
parade where they can display themselves, they are not worth 
killing. If the Daughters don't take them under their wings, 
the organization will perish from the earth." 

Qoofederate l/eterap. 




Editor Confederate Veteran: Inasmuch as newspaper ac- 
counts have been widely circulated that the late Lieut. Thomas 
L. Harrison, C. S. N., was the "hero of Mobile Bay" in the 
celebrated battle there, and a Confederate coat labeled "Worn 
by Thomas L. Harrison, the Hero of Mobile Bay," is said to 
be among the war relics in the Missouri Room at Richmond, 
I ask the favor of your columns to place on record the facts in 
the case. I ask it not only in justice to the memory of men 
who did perform heroic deeds in the fight, but to that of 
my old friend, Tom Harrison, who, if living, would never 
have permitted a claim so utterly without foundation to be put 
forth in his behalf. 

But first let me make it plain by what authority I speak. I 
was on the stafif of Admiral Buchanan during the whole time 
that he was in command of our naval forces in the waters of 
Alabama. I was ordnance oflicer of the station and flag lieu- 
tenant when the Admiral was afloat. When Farragut's fleet 
began to gather ofT Mobile Bay, Admiral Buchanan went down 
there, and left mc at the office to equip and mount the guns of 
I he ironclad Nashville, and then to join him. Having per- 
formed my duties as ordered, I was on my way down in a river 
boat when we met another that gave us news of the battle 
that had taken place that morning (August S, 1864). So, 
while to my regret I was not in the battle, I was yet in a 
position to have accurate knowledge of what happened. 

Farragut entered Mobile Bay with eighteen ships of war, 
four of tbcm monitors, that mounted in the aggregate 199 guns 
with 2.700 men. To oppose this great fleet, Buchanan had the 
ironclad ram Tennessee and the frail wooden gunboats, the 
Morgan, the Gaines, and the Selma, mounting in all 22 guns, 
:.nd with 470 men. 

As there was no escape for the Confederate vessels. Buch- 
anan would have been justified in surrendering without firmg 
a gun. as a regiment would surrender to a division under such 
circumstances. But the old Admiral was not made that way. 
He headed the Tennessee directly for the Hartford, Farragut's 
flagship, seeking to ram her. But the latter, being greatly 
superior in speed, easily eluded her antagonist. The whole 
Federal fleet then concentrated their efforts on the Tennessee, 
and soon, with rudder chains shot away, she lay a helpless hulk 
in the midst of her enemies. Then she was necessarily surren- 
dered by her immediate commander, James V>, Johnston. Ad- 
miral Buchanan liad already been carried below severely 

In the meant imc the Gaines had been fought by her gallant 
commander, John W. Bennett, until she was sinking under his 
feet, when he beached her near the guns of Fort Morgan. 

Capt. P. M. Murphy had placed his little walking beam river 
boat Selma athwart the bows of the Hartford, and poured 
raking shots into that vessel until Farragut, "annoyed," as he 
says he vv'as, detached Jouctt in the Metacomct, of ten guns, to 
capture the dare-devil little Confederate with four guns. The 
Selma surrendered, but not until her deck was covered with 
her dead, among them her executive officer, Lieut. Comstock. 
"Stand to your guns, men !" were his words as he fell forward 
with his breast torn away by a fragment of shell. There was 
'the hero of Mobile Bay." 

There were others, already alluded to, but there was not one 
on board the Morgan who had the remotest claim to be so called. 
That vessel had not received a scratch. Her immunity from 
harm was accounted for in one way only by army, navy, and 
citizens of Mobile at that time, and that is ; she was never in 

range of the enemy's guns. Her commander was George W. 
Harrison, her executive officer "Tom" Harrison. Only the 
captain of the Morgan can be held responsible for the manage- 
ment of the vessel in the fight. None the less it is enough to 
make any man belonging to her then turn in his grave to hear 
himself spoken of as "the hero of Mobile Bay." 

There was an episode connected with the part played by the 
Morgan in the battle that set the town a-laughing for a week 
at least. Every naval officer knew that a fleet of steamships 
could and often had run by land batteries without receiving any 
great damage; but because we expressed such opinions quite 
freely we were sharply criticised by the Mobile Register, edited 
by Col. John Forsyth, whereupon Commander G. W. Har- 
rison sent a polite invitation to Forsyth to be his guest on board 
(he Morgan during the expected fight. It was not until the 
Morgan got back from Mobile, like the one Spartan that escaped 
from Thermopylas, that Forsyth acknowledged the invitation. 
He then published Harrison's note, with the customary regrets, 
all the greater inasmuch as he lost an opportunity to view the 
battle without being in the slightest danger of getting hurt. 



Forty years obscure the memory of us all to a greater or 
less degree, and I am not able to plead not guilty to this in- 
firmity, but there are some things that I feel I cannot be 
7nistaken about, ."^o vividly were they impressed upon my mind 
during the sanguinary conflict of the Confederate war. 

I have from time to time noticed a number of inaccuracies 
in statements in the Veteran and other publications made by 
those who wore the gray. These statements have gone uncor- 
rected and unquestioned, and, as they have been made by 
those who were participants in the bloody events described, 
they bear the impress of historic value, and when the Con- 
federate veterans have all passed away, these statements will 
be cited as indubitable proof of the correctness of events as 
narrated. Is it not, therefore, a duty that we all owe to each 
other and to the chivalric dead and to our loved cause to 
correct the errors as far as in our power lies? Believing that 
we should, I, for the first time, write for publication any of 
my recollections of the Confederate war, and in this article 
narrate some of the inaccuracies that I now recall. 

In the November, 1903, issue of the Confederate Veteran, 
under the title "Incidents of Battle at Gettysburg," Com- 
rade Dick Rcid, of Nashville, Tenn., states thus: "Gen, Bob 
Tootnbs, with his Georgia Brigade, marched up to where we 
were in position." He then describes the kind of horse Gen. 
Toombs rode, and mentions what the General said about 
dodging balls. Now, the fact is. Gen. Toombs was not at 
the battle of Gettysburg. He was not at the time an officer 
in the Confederate service. He resigned his commission as a 
brigadier general on March 5, 1863. 

My old army friend, Capt. Laurence E. O'Keefe, who was 
with me in the Seventeenth Georgia Regiment and who now 
resides in Atlanta, Ga., has furnished me with Gen. Toombs's 
fareweii address, and I herein inclose to you a copy of it. 

There is one point in the address that I call especial atten- 
tion to, and that is, not one of his brigade was ever court- 
martialed, and I would add to this, if there was ever one of 
this grand old brigade court-martialed after he left us, I fail 
to remember it. 

Gen. Henry L. Benning succeeded Gen. Toombs, and Gen. 
Bcnning was in command of the brigade at Gettysburg, and a 
nobler man or braver soldier than he was never unsheathed his 
sword from the moment the sunlight of victory broke forth 


Qot^federate Ueterai). 


and streamed over the plains of Manassas on through the 
alternating periods of cloud and sunshine down to the ill- 
starred night that settled over fated Appomattox. 

Comrade Reid is also mistaken as to the location of the 
brigade, or a part of it at least. Benning"s Brigade was com- 
posed of the Second. 
Fifteenth, Seventeenth, 
and Twentieth Georgia 
Regiments, the Seven- 
teenth being the regi- 
ment that he organized 
and which was mus- 
tered into the Confed- 
erate service on August 
31, 1861, and which he 
commanded until his 
promotion to brigadier 

As it took all my 
time and attention to 
properly handle m y 
own Company D, of 
the Seventeenth Geor- 
gia, I was not in a posi- 
tion to know what was 
going on outside of my 

own regiment, for the lines of blue in our front made matters 
decidedly interesting to us. 

Mr. Reid says there were one hundred and eighty-six pieces 
of artillery, and that he was at the extreme gun on the left 
waiting to open fire on Cemetery Heights, when Toombs's 
Brigade came up and began to deploy for the purpose of pro- 
tecting the artillery against a charge. Now, in order to reply 
to this, I shall have to give my recollections of the battle of 
Gettysburg, and it will be seen that they differ from those oi 
others, for I have never seen a published article on this battle 
to all the statements of which I could subscribe, and in this 
I am sustained by the recollections of others of my old com- 
rades, who saw and remember them as I do. 

On the 1st day of July. 186.^, when the figliting first began, 
Longstreet's Corps was between Chambersburg, through which 
we had passed, and Gettysburg, and we were put on a forced 
march to reach Gettysburg. After we had crossed a stream of 
water a few miles from Gettysburg, we began seeing the 
Federal dead, which continued as far as we went on the road 
leading into Gettysburg, and near the limits of the city we 
filed to the right. Hood's Division, composed of two Georgia 
regiments, one Alabama, one South Carolina, and the brigade 
known as the Texas Brigade and composed of the First, 
Fourth, and Fifth Texas and Third Arkansas, five brigades in 
all, formed the extreme right of the Confederate army. On 
the afternoon of the 2d day of July the division was behind 
a strip of woods which screened it from the enemy; and passing 
through this strip of woods the division was formed in line 
of battle immediately in front of the woods by the intrepid 
Hood, who, I think, was on his battle horse, the roan pony. 

My impression is that we were formed facing westward, 
but as to the. points of the compass I was not thinking, but I 
know that in our rear was a strip of woods, in our front a 
field, at the edge of the field farthest from us and in the 
direction that we charged was a stone fence, behind which 
were Federal soldiers galore. Behind the fence and the sol- 
diers there was a battery on a hill with a flat top, on 
which was the battery. 1 he right side of this little mountain 
was steep, and there was adjoining a rugged ravine or gorge. 

and on its right another rock-ribbed hill; in rear of the sm.ill 
mountain on which was the baitery was a narrow valley, and 
then loomed up a round-top mountain. Amid the rain of 
bullets, shot, and shell the division swept onward, driving the 
enemy before it, and stopped not until the little valley was 
reached. The battery was captured, but by which troops I 
know not, but then thought, and yet think, it was by Hood's 
Division, for it covered and extended beyond the mountain 
on both sides in its charge. 1 have seen it stated by sume 
of our distinguished officers that Benning's men did not get 
up until this battery was captured. 1 know not how it was 
on top of that little mountain where the battery was, fo.' the 
Seventeenth Georgia went through the ravine or gorge and 
had passed h\ the battery at^d was near the little valley's edge 
before the battery was captured, for while we were in this 
ravine, and nearly through it, the Federals fired a terrific 
storm of bullets upon us from above and on the mountain on 
which was the battery, and this continued until the music of 
the unmistakable Confederate yell announced to us the joyous 
tidings that our men were on the top and were charging, and 
soon thoso firing upon us were routed from the mountain top. 

Notwithstanding repeated efforts to drive us out and back, 
we held our position, and that night the Seventeenth Georgia 
was moved to the left and on the little mountain on which 
the battery was captured, and remained thereon that night 
and the next day until near dark. At the time of the charge 
on Cemetery Heights by Pickett's Division, on the 3d of July, 
and during the terrific cannonading. I know we were still 
there facing tlie round-top mountain, but I am unable to 
state positively that none of the brigade were moved to the 
left and near Pickett, but I do know that the Seventeenth 
Georgia was not, and that there was no artillery in our front 
other than that of the enemy. It seems improbable that any 
part of the brigade would have been moved away after our 
severe losses, and the fact that it required all of it to hold 
our own front intact, and I never knew or heard of any of the 
brigade being sent to the left. 

I do not think any part of Benning's Brigade or of Hood's 
Division were at the print designated by Mr. Reid. Wlien the 
Seventeenth Georgia charged in through the ravine, the blood- 
iest spot I saw during the war, the ever-ready and reliable 
old 'Je.xas Brigade was immediately to our right, and was as 
usual covering itself with glory by its magnificent fighting. 
I do not think there were any troops to the right of the 
Texans in that ni; niorablc charge. From what I have read 
since the war about the Devil's Den and its location, I am 
led to believe that where the Seventeenth Georgia went in 
was its mouth, and that the Texans invaded the den itself. 

In no history, statement, article, address, writing, or pano- 
rama that I have ever seen has Hood's Division received the 
credit due it for its work at Gettysburg. In my opinion the 
charge of this division at Gettysburg was the grandest and 
most daring and most sublime exhibition of heroic courage 
displayed during the war, and was such as to give grounds 
for the declaration of one of the officers of the captured bat- 
tery that it was not composed of mortal men, but it seemed as 
if the demons of hell itself were turned loose, so terrific was 
the onslaught. 

Gen. Robert Toombs's Farewell Address to His Soldiers. 
In a letter to the officers and men of Toombs's Brigad*, 
dated Richmond, Va., March 5, 1863, Gen. R. Toombs said : 

"Soldiers, to-day I cease to command you. I have resigned 
my commission as brigadier general in the Provisional Army 
of the Confederate States. The separation from you is deeply 
painful to me. It is only necessary now for me to say that, 

C^opfederate l/eterai?. 


under existing circumstances, in my jiid^nient, I could no 
longer hold my commission under President Davis witli ad- 
vantage to my country or to you, or witli honor to myself. I 
cannot separate from you without the expression of my 
warmest attachment to you and admiration of your noble and 
heroic conduct from the beginning of this great struggle to 
the present time. You left your wives and children, kindred, 
friends, home, property, and pursuits at the very first call of 
your country, and entered her military service as soon as she 
was ready to accept you. From that day to this you have 
stood, witli but a few brief intervals, in sight of the public 
enemy or within hearing of his guns. 

"Upon your arrival in Virginia, in the summer of 1861, you 
were incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. You have 
shared with tha; army all its toils, its sufferings, its hardships 
and perils, and contributed at least your share to its glorious 
career. You have been in the front, the post of danger and 
of honor, on all the great battlefields of Northern Virginia and 
Maryland, frcm Yorktown to Sharpsburg. Neither disheart- 
ened by the death of comiadcs or friends, nor by disease or toil, 
or privations or sufTerings or neglect, nor intimidated by the 
greatly superior numbers of the enemy, whom you have been 
called upon to meet and vanquish, you have upon all occasions 
displayed that heroic courage which has shed undying luster 
upon yourselves, your State, your country, and her just and 
holy cause. 

"Nca.K' I ne ihoi'.-.and of the hr:i\e men who originally com- 
posed your four rejiments have fallen, killed or wounded in 
battle. Your dead you have buried on the battlefield, shed h 
manly tear over theui, left "glory to keep eternal watch' over 
their graves, nnd pressed on to new fields of duty and danger. 

"Though il may seem to lie the language of extravagant 
eulogy, it is the truth, and fit, on this occasion, to be spoken. 
You have fairh won the right to inscribe on your battered 
war Hags the proud boast of Napoleon's Old Guard ; 'This 
brigade knows how to die, but not to yield to the foe.' 

"Courage on the field is not your only claim to proud dis- 
tinction. Since I took command over you I have not pre- 
ferred a single charge against or arraigned one of you before 
a court-martial; your conduct never demanded such a duty. 

"You can well appreciate the feelings with which I part 
from such, a ccnunaud. 

"Nothing les^ potcul than the rtfiuirements of a soldier's 
honor could, with my consent, wrench us asunder while a 
single banner of the enemy floated over one foot of our coun- 
try. Soldiers, comrades, friends, farewell ! R. Toombs." 


John Witherspoon DuBose, connected with the State Ds- 
partmcnt of .Vrchives and History at Montgomery, Ala., 
and also author of the "Life of William L. Yancey," writes 
Hon. John W. Bush, of Birmingham, a brigadier general of 
the .Mabama Division, U. C. V. : 

"Sir: Your energy and intelligent direction in your office 
must lie appicciatcd by the veterans of your command, and 
I shall take advantage of your kindly permission to suggest 
to you a view of the opportunities of this annual reunion, so 
happily obse'ved in Alabama, to enlarge the sphere of in- 
fluence of the noble organijratiou. 

"h is known of all veterans of the Southern Confederacy 
that the pulilished histories taught in schools and universities 
or stored on the shelves of American libraries are not only 
painful to be read by the older people of the South because 
of their general inappreciatiou of the truth, and frequent mio- 
reprcsentation of the facts pertinent to the origin and career 

of the Confederate States, but they tend to poison the minds 
of the sons and daughters of that generation of Southern 
people who strove so heroically, men and women, on the 
front of battle and in the retirement of home, to check the 
march of the invader, to the end that justice, tranquillity, and 
the fruits of peace and liberty might possess the land. 

"My contemplation of a simple expedient of reform in the 
manner of celebration at the annual reunion is here presented. 
I think the Veterans should have an oiator from their own 
ranks, charged with the duty of preparing and delivering be- 
fore them in convention assembled at each reunion a formal 
address relating, among other things, to the social, industrial, 
and political character of the Southern men at home who 
went to the field. Let me explain : The men who, within a few 
mouths or a few days after leaving home, were able to follow 
Stonewall Jackson a hundred miles in three days on foot and 
win three pitched battles on the line of march; who were 
able to ride with Forrest and support his transcendent genius 
in every emergency. \Ve have got to look to the home life 
of these men before we comprehend the motive of the Con- 
federacy and its glorious career so brief. 

"I would suggest incidentally that the Sons of \'etcrans ap- 
point an orator also in thj conunon reunion season, and take 
him from their own numbers only. 

"The two addresses should be printed in i>amphlct, and the 
pamphlets bound in one and generally distributed among the 
two organi7ations. Every public library in the State and in 
the South should possess a copy of the publication. 

"I am confident that with this system of preservation of 
history firmU fixed in the jiroceedings of the annual re- 
unions other important efforts to the same high end would 
follow, which I need not trouble you here to consider. 

"It has been my apprehension that the effect of all cotem- 
porary efforts to connneinorate the valor and fidelity of the 
Southern soldier might stop with the record of the field of 
active war. Certainly it would be quite agreeable to the 
victor in the great strife to find some excuse for remaining 
amongst us seven to ten years after Appomattox with armed 
garrisons whose sole duty was to create voters of a certain 

Sponsor Ho\vit*-ri'Ui;nn Camp, No. 57^, I'. C. V., New Orleans reunion, 1903. 


Qorjfederate l/eteraij. 

kind only, and even now in ihc second generation to deny us 
the presidency as an immutable punishment. 

"Posterity should know of the relative strength of the 
Southern Confederacy and of the Northern States, in re- 
sources of war, in 1861 before judgment is rendered upon the 
course of the South then. Posterity should hear from the 
paroled Confederate soldier and how he conducted himself 
from 1865 to 1875. There can be no history in the premises 
without this knowledge. 

"In a word, let the reunions annually see to it that the 
present disposition to set down the Southern soldier as a 
gallant fool and chivalric knave, a kind of bull butting the 
engine, shall be corrected. 

"If I might suggest here a good starter for reform in the 
character of that history so universally corrupting of truth, 
as we now teach it in schools and colleges, I should advise 
that the reunion of Veterans and Sons of Veterans in every 
State may adopt some such plan of utterance and publication 
as here intimated." 

California is fast forging to the front in the interest mani- 
fested in Confederate matters. There are no more loyal or 
devoted Confederates than can be found in that sunny land, 
though doubtless many have long been separated from South- 
ern brethren and Southern interests. The following letter 
will give an idea of what is being done to keep "the boys" 
together out there. It is given in the hope that it will be an 
inspiration to comrades in other sections where it has seemed 
impossible to keep Camps together, or where no Camp has 
ever been organized : 

"HE.^DQL•.^RTERs Camp 770, U. C. v., Los Angeles, Dec. 4, 1903. 

"To Our Comrades: We come to you with a message — a 
message concerning the welfare of Confederate Veterans— 
and we beg of you to listen and heed these words: 

"Camp 770 is in a flourishing condition — never bolter llian 
now. We have forty-tw-o members on our active roll in good 
standing. There have been one hundred and sixty names en- 
rolled; several have died, a few have resigned, and many 
have 'straggled;' but we expect to close up and be good mem- 
bers yet. It is our purpose to go to every Confederate Vet- 
eran in Southern California, asking him, in the name of fra- 
ternal brotherhood and warm comradeship, to enroll himself 
in our Camp. To those whose names are not on our roll wo 
say: We want you with us. Send in your name, company, 
regiment, brigade, and division, when and where you enlisted, 
and when and how you left the service of the Confederacy. 

"\Ve intend to create a growing interest that will make our 
meetings large and enjoyable, meetings that all will be pleased 
to attend, and touch shotilder and elbow with his comrade. 
We meet on the last Saturday of every month. You surely 
will be able to give one evening each month to comradeship. 
The initiation foe is only one dollar, and monthly dues are 
small. They arc put to good use, in helping any comrade that 
may be in distress, choering his sick bed, brightening his dying 
hour, and giving him decent burial. These arc duties we owe; 
let us pay them cheerfully, gladly. We are joined together 
by the strongest tic of friendship, for benevolence and social 
intercourse; not for preferment or financial gain; our only 
aim is to help each other. We are not numerous, are growing 
old, and we should all be united, so as to render the few re- 
maining months and years as contented, happy, and tranquil 
as close comradosliip can make them. 

"Comrade, we are starling a movement for the purpose of 
erecting a hall, where Veterans, Sons of Veterans, and Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy can have a meeting place, a home; 
where we can take our visiting friends ; where we can have, 
accessible to all, at all times, Southern literature, newspapers, 
magazines, histories, etc. ; where we can place our relics, our 
pictures, and mementos ; where we can hold our meetings, 
business and social, have our entertainments, and place over 
our front entrance 'Home of Confederates.' Now, comrade, 
we want your help, your countenance, and aid in this matter, 
if it be only a kind, cheery word. 

"Committee: C. H. Hance, Chairman; Dr. \V. C. Harrison, 
Adjutant; Ben Goodrich." 


*' Let us cross over the river and r>*sl In ihe sha le of the Irers." 

From war's stern calls and all the roaring strain 

Of charging vanguard's rush. 
Into the silence of eternity. 

Into the evening's hush. 
From the loud thunders of the civil strife 

And bloody Fate's decrees. 
Into the quiet of a well-won rest, 

Under the shade of trees. 
SctiL-nectady, N. V. 



When my regiment, the Second Texas Infantry, was or- 
ganized, at Galveston in 1861, not being able to procure Con- 
federate gray, the men were supplied with Federal blue uni- 
forms captured at Texas military posts. When, in March, 
1862, w-c were ordered to report to Gen. A. S. Johnston, then 
at Corinth, we marched across the country to .Mexandria, 
and thence were conveyed by steamer and railroad to our 

Not believing Federal blue a lifo-prolonging color for a Con- 
federate's uniform in battle, I sent an agent with a requisi- 
tion on the quartermaster at New Orleans for properly colored 
uniforms. He met us at Corinth a few days I efore marching 
for the Shiloh (or Pittsburg Landin?;) battlotiold. When the 
packages were opened, we found the so-called uniforms as 
white as washed wool could make them. I sh:iil never forget 
the men's consternation and many exclamations not quoted 

from the Bible, such as "Well, I'll be d !" "Don't them 

things beat h — !" "Do the generals e.xpect us to be killed, and 
want us to wear our shrouds?" etc. Being a case of Hobson's 
choice, the men cheerfully made ti.e best of the situation, 
quickly stripped oft the ragged blue and donned the virgin 
white. The clothing having no marks as to sizes, articles were 
issued juit as they came, hit or miss as to fit. Soon the com- 
pany grounds were full of men strutting up and down, some 
with trousers dragging under their heels, while those of others 
scarcely reached the tops of their socks; some with jackets 
so tight they resembled stuffed toads, while others had ample 
room to carry three days' rations in their bosoms. The exhi- 
bition closed with a swapping scene that reminded one of a 
horse-trading day in a Georgia county town. A Federal 
prisoner at Shiloh inquired: "Who were them hell-cats that 
went into battle dressed in their graveclothes?" 

As the reader probably remembers, when the Confederate 
army was defeated at Shiloh, it fell back to Corinth, closely 
pressed by Gen. Grant's forces. For several days previous to 
our evacuation of that place, our division was kept in line of 

Confederate l/eteraij 


battle day and night, and therefore it 1icc:ime necessary to have 
cooked rations sent out in wagons from camp. The enemy 
had a heavy siege battery posted in front of my brigade, which 
fired shells twelve or eighteen inches in length. Occasionally 
one of these, striking a tree or large limb, would proceed to 
execute a series of lively somersaults. One day the Second 
Texas regimental teamster had delivered his load of cooked 
rations and started back to camp. He had often been cursed 
by the Texas boys for his slow motions, but there was no 
occasion for such on that occasion. He had gone but a few 
yards when one of these long shells struck a near-by tree and 
dropped near his team. The frightened driver stood up in his 
stirrups, bawled and slashed his passive mules, bobbing up 
and down in galloping motions of body, while his team could 
be urged into only a gentle trot. As the Texas boys watched 
his frantic efforts to escape, their yells might have been 
heard half a mile. 

I hired a negro boy to act as hostler, a id when on the march 
he rode one of my horses and had an car y time ; but like some 
other people, Sandy could not endure promotion without being 
spoiled. Though he was wearing much better shoes than many 
soldiers, he asked for a new pair on the morning of the first 
day's battle at Corinth. I remarked that I had none to give 
him, but could tell him how to get them without trouble. He 
anxiously inquired hcnv to do so, and I replied with a serious 
countenance : "We are going to get into a fight to-day. Sandy, 
and you follow along at a safe distance behind our men, and 
when you find a dead Yankee just help yourself to his shoes." 
Sandy's eyes bulged out like a dead lobster's, and I walked off 
leaving him scratching his head. I did not see him again until 
we went into camp on our retreat after the second day's fight. 
He came to me with a sickly grin, and being asked where were 
his new shoes, he replied: "Now, boss, I'se gwine to tell ye de 
God's trufe. I done list as vou told me. and when I clum ober 

de first line of bresworks I see a big dead Yank layin' flat on 
his back with blood all over his face. He had on bran'-new 
boots, and I says to myself, 'Dem's my boots for shore.' So 
I picks up one foot and begins to pull off de boot sorter easy 
like; but O, my goodness gracious! he jist riz up on one el- 
bow and says, 'You black imp of h — ! what ye doin' here?' 
Well, sur, I drapt dat boot, tuck to my heels, and nebbcr looked 
back tell I got to de wagon camp. No, sir-ee, no dead Yank's 
boots for me." 

When Gen. Grant's forces broke through the center of Gen. 
Eragg's lines on Missionary Ridge, they began sweeping 
right and left in the rear of our rifle pits. Gen. Che-itbam or- 
dered J. K. Jackson and myself to place our brigades in line, 
perpendicular to that of the rifle pits, and hold the enemy in 
check until the artillery could be withdrawn from the right of 
our line. Jackson's brigade being on the right on this new 
line, mine passed in the rear to extend the line to the left. 
As we were doing so, a lank, six-foot Georgia "cracker" was 
noticed gazing over his front file's shoulder with open mouth 
and bulging eyes. Just at that moment a pretty heavy volley 
was poured into us. This was more than the Georgian could 
stand. He wheeled about, rushed through our ranks with gun 
at a trail, went down a slope half-bent, looking back over one 
shoulder exclaiming : "Good Lordy, how they is shootin' !'' In 
a few yards he reached a large fallen tree, and as he tumbled 
over it headforemost he was heard to cry out : "Now 1 lay me 
down to sleep." Perhaps his remains are sleeping there yet. 

MRS. li. C. UnWtk. .nA.\ I-R.\N"CISC0. 



Editor Veteran: I have never seen any account of the de- 
tails of the capture of New Creek, on the Baltimore and Ohio 
railroad, by Gen. Thomas L. Rosser, and, as I was a partici- 
pant in that event, I submit the following, hoping it may re- 
vive the memory of some of my old comrades on that raid. 
At the time of which I write, the fall of 1864, New Creek was 
in the rear of Sheridan's army, and was one of the posts from 
which he drew supplies. On the 26th of November Gen. 
Rosser, in command of .-Vshby's old brigade, to which my regi- 
ment, the Seventh Virginia Cavalry, belonged, left the valley 
of the Shenandoali, crossed North Mountain, arrived near 
Moorefield, in West Virginia, and halted to feed and rest be- 
fore making a dash on New Creek. While the brigade was 
thus resting the General took Company F, of the Seventh 
Regiment, as a bodyguard, and rode into Moorefield, a short 
distance ahead. The town was occupied by a company of 
Independent Confederate scouts, under command of a Capt. 
McNeil, who informed Gen. Rosser that a small body of 
Yankees were camped at the river, about a mile beyond. 
Taking McNeil's company and his bodyguard, he went for- 
ward, charged over the Yankee camp, killing and capturing 
a portion of them, and in the meantime he had sent back 
orders for the brigade to hurry forward. We rode all night 
through the mountains, and reached New Creek just before 
daylight on the 27th. The escaped Yankees from the squad 
we had routed the evening before had also been on the move 
all night, some on the road just ahead of us, others by near 
cuts through the mountains, but all making tracks for their 
friends at New Creek. Squads of these fugitives were passing 
through their pickets continuously, giving account of the 
little skirmish, but as they had seen only two small com- 
panies they naturally supposed it was a small scouting party 
of Confederate cavalry that would not dare go so far inside 
their lines as New Creek, so that when our advance rode up 
JHSt before day the pickets supposed it was another bunch of 


Qor^federate l/eterar). 

iheir fugitives, and we had no trouble in "taking tlicm in oul 
of the wet." 

The surprise was complete. The Federal garrison were 
asleep when we rode into their camps, and when \vc woke 
them up and told I hem we were Rosser's men, they would not 
believe us until we began to line them up under guard and 
take possession of their arms, commissary stores, etc. We 
captured the entire garrison, atout eight hundred strong, four 
pieces of artillery, a large amount of ammunition, wagons, 
horses, and mules, and quantities of quartermaster and com- 
missary supplies. We were compelled to burn and otherwise 
destroy most of these, as Sheridan had heard of our raid and 
was pushing a force forward to cut us off; but our dashing 
young commander was equal to the occasion, and we went out 
safely with our prisoners from one of the most complete and 
successful raids made during the war. 



Capt. B. L. Ridley, in his account of the battle of Mur- 
freesboro in the February number of the Veteran, page 67, 
speaking of the rout of the right wing of the Federal army 
and the gallantry of the Confederates, says: "Men, although 
mortally wounded, continued the pursuit until they fell faint- 
ing from loss of blood. Col. Lochc, of the Texas Regiment, 
they say, slapped his hand over the wound in his breast, to 
stop the blood, and halloed, 'Charge them, boys,' and fol- 
lowed on until he fell." Col. Loche commanded the Tenth 
Texas Regiment Dismounted Cavalry, which formed part 
of Gen. Ector's Brigade, in which were the Tenth, Eleventh, 
and other Texas regiments of dismounted cavalry. Un- 
fortunately, however, for Capt. Ridley's statement. Col. 
Loche was not even present at the battle of Murfreesboro. 
and his regiment was commanded by Lieut. Col. Earp, who 
was conspicuous for his brave and gallant bearing through- 
out that sanguinary conflict. 

Col. John C. Burks, of the Eleventh Texas Cavalry, is the 
man intended to be mentioned by Capt. Ridley. Ector's 
Brigade was in McCown's Division, and formed the extren'e 
left of the infantry of Gen. Bragg's army, the Eleventh Texas 
forming the extreme left of the brigade, the line being still 
further extended to the left by Wheeler's Cavalry. McCown's 
Division had taken position Monday evening, and lay in line 
of battle that night, the next day and night, and just at 
daylight Wednesday morning (the 31st of December) be- 
gan the assault on the right wing of Rosecran's army, which 
terminated in the rout spoken of by Capt. Ridley. 

It was just as the first line of the enemy was breaking 
and giving away that Col. Burks, while leading liis men, 
received the fatal wound in his breast. He shouted, "For- 
ward, boys," fell from his horse, and was borne from the 
field. We buried him near Shelbyville, after the army re- 
treated to that place, he not having died for a day or two 
after receiving the wound. From that lonely grave the 
noble ladies of Shelbyville had the remains removed, soon 
after the close of the war, and deposited in the beautiful 
cemetery, near the town, which had been prepared by them 
for the purpose of caring for the Confederate dead. 

Here the remains were tenderly cared for by the same 
loving hands until the summer of 1895, when, on the occasion 
of an annual reunion of the survivors of his old regiment 
at Clarksville, Red River County, Tex., his old home, the 
remains were again disinterred and, with appropriate cere- 
monies, conducted by the old veterans of the Eleventh Texas 

Cavalry, were again gently and tenderly laid to rest, by the 
side of his wife, in the beautiful cemetery near the town, 
there to await the final resurrection, when both land and sea 
shall give up their dead. It was a grand and solemn scene, 
drew a large concourse of people, and will never be forgotten 
by those who were present. 

Col. Burks was the idol of his regiment, and a great favor- 
ite with the entire brigade, which he had often commanded as 
the senior colonel. The bloody field of Murfreesboro was 
not stained with the blood of a nobler, truer, and braver 
soldier than Col. Burks. 

The writer was present, saw Col. Burks when shot, helped 
to bury him at Shelbyville, and was present at the final in- 
terment of his remains at Clarksville, Tex., and gives the 
above for the truth of histcrv. 


Sponsor forj. Kil Murray Camp, Pine Bluff, ai X^w Orlcins reunlcn. 


BY A. G. G. 

Forty-two years have elapsed since the event occurred which 
I am about to relate. 'i"inie blunts one's memory, neverthe- 
less I fancy that I have a distinct recollection of the material 
facts relating thereto. 

On the high bluff just above the town of Columbus, Ky., 
overlooking the "Father of Waters," stood Fort De Russy. 
At the time of which I write it was the best-planned and best- 
constructed fort that had been built by the Confederate army. 
The water batteries, located not far from the edge of the 
water during a high river, were composed of many ten-inch 
Columbiads and eleven-inch howitzers, which could do great 
execution in close (juarters. On the high bluft above, solitary 
and alone, surrounded by a special palisade with a well-filled 
powder magazine within a few feet of her, was mounted an 
eight-ton rifled Dahlgren gun, which carried one hundred 


Qopfederate Ueterap. 



and twenty-eiglit pound cone-shaped projectiles. This gun 
was called "Lady Pclk" in honor of the wife of the com- 
mander of the army encamped around Columbus, Gen. Leoni- 
das Polk. This gun had never been fired till the "ih day of 
November, 1861, when, during the battle of Belmont, which 
was in progress across the river, the enemy came in view and 
Capt. Keiter was ordered to test her capacity. 

The projectiles prepared for this gun had copper saucers at- 
tached to the bottom with flanges fashioned to fit the rifles. 
Upon attempting to load, it was found that the flanges were 
too large, and files were used in making them smaller. This 
consumed but little time, however, and in a few minutes 
"iron gateposts," as the Yankees called them, were falling 
with demoralizing effect into the ranks of the enemy. After 
being fired a few limes, the heat expanded the gun and tlie 
projectiles were placed in the same without having the flanges 
filed. The enemy retreated, the battle was fought and won, 
and "The Lady Polk" was left loaded. 

Three or four days after the battle Gen. Polk and staff rode 
into the fort and wended their way to the big gun, which had 
become famous from the wonderful execution which she had 
done. Capt. Keiter, under whose command the gun was, 
was questioned by the General with reference to her condition; 
and, learning that slie had been allowed to remain loaded, sent 
an orderly to Gen. McCown requesting his presence. (Mc- 
cown was commander of the heavy artillery forces.) Upon 
his arrival he informed Gen. Polk that, inasmuch as the 
flanges were too large before the gun was fired, and after a 
few rounds went down with ease, showing conclusively that 
the gun had expanded from heal ; and that as the gun had 
cooled olT it had contracted and settled firmly around the bot- 
tom of the projectile, any attempt to fire it would result in its 
explosion. Here was a dilemma — the only long-range gun in 
the fort rendered worthless by a little bit of neglect which was 
hardly censurable. Gen. Poik could not well conceal his an- 
noyance. When McCown had finished, he remarked : "I thinly 
we shall have to make the attempt." Gen. McCown said, 
"You will excuse me if I do not remain to witness it;" and, 
turning away willi his staff, heard the order for a detail to 
"man the gun." 

Capt. Keiter mounted the parapet lo the left of the gun 
and a few paces to the rear. Directly a sergeant came with 
seven men. They took their .-ilations ; the gun was already 
"in battery" and elevated. At the command "Ready !" tht 
cap was inserted in the vent and the lanyard hook attached. 

There was a breathless silence. Gen. Polk and staflf sat 
mounted upon their horses about fifty feet from where Capt. 
Keiter stood. A look of anxiety pervaded the countenance of 
every one present who suspected that danger was near. 
"Fire !" rang loud and shrill the voice of Keiter. The lanyard 
was pulled. The earth shook for miles around, and a dead 
rumbling sound which seemed to go into the earth instead of 
upward followed. A dense black smoke arose and the dust 
and smoke obscured everything from view. For a moment all 
was still ; then came the groans of suffering. Men rushed to 
see the result, feeling that a horrible scene had been enacted. 
There lay Capt. Keiter dead ; Gen. Polk was lying by the sido 
of the body of his horse and was being raised up in a fainting 
condition; Maj. Ford, of his staff, was gasping his last breath; 
here and there lay men uninjured apparently, yet unable to 
rise from the great concussion ; yonder lay one poor fellow 
suffering agony, with his back broken. Where were the sergeant 
and his seven men who manned the gun? Here were an arm 
and a severed head, over tliere the memberless trunk of a 
human body disemboweled. "Great God, they are blown to 
atoms!" cried one who had joined in the search, and such 

was literally true. .■\s much of their remains as could be 
found was gathered up, put into boxes, and buried with 
military honors. 

The gun burst into three parts, one of which, weighing 
two or three tons, fell near the lent door of the giver of this 
bit of history. The powder magazine exploded with the 
bursting of the gun, both giving out but one sound. 

I see Lieut. Arthur Winston now, standing weeping over the 
corpse of his friend and commander ; Capts. W. Y. C. Humes, 
Andrew Jackson, Jr., and James A. Fisher are close by; Gen. 
Frank Cheatham and staff are approaching. 

They carried Gen. Polk to his headquarters, as some 
thought, in a dying condition. In a few weeks he was on duty, 
but never a well man again. 

Only ten lives were lost, yet I venture that no event trans- 
pired during the whole war, according to its magnitude, that 
caused more regret than the bursting of the "Lady Polk." 


The Rome, Ga., Chapter Daughters of the Confederacy has 
presented, as a token of esteem, a handsome silver loving cup 
to Mrs. Hallic Alexander Rounsaville, retiring President of 
the United Daughters of the Confederacy. There were present 
the presentation members of the Woman's Club, N. B. Forrest 
Chapter Daughters of the Confederacy, Xavier Chapter 
Daughters of Revolution, and visiting Daughters. In the re- 
ceiving line, with Mrs. Rounsaville, were the ex-Presidents 
and present oflficers of the Rome Chapter. Inscribed upon the 
cup were the following words : 

"Presented to Mrs. Hallie Alexander Rounsaville, President 
U. D. C, 1901-03, by Rome Chapter, No. 28, Rome, Ga., 
December 25, 1903.' 

Mrs. Mary Shropshire, ex-President and senior member of 
the Chapter, presented the cup, in a short address, which 
touchingly proved her affection for the recipient and the 
Chapter she represented. 

Mrs. Rounsaville accepted the loving gift in a gracious man- 
ner and genuine "impromptu speech" as until addressed by 
Mrs. Shropshire she was unaware of the occasion of the func- 

That the guests were bidden for a special occasion was felt 
on entering Mrs. Terhune's spacious home, beautifully deco- 
rated with Confederate flags, which scheme of color, red and 
white, was verged to a climax in the daintily laden table, whose 
viands were also in Confederate colors. Each cut glass bowl 
surrounded with a laurel wreath pierced here and there with 
a Confederate ensign, over which innumerable candles shed a 
soft, cathedral light typical of the hallowed love with which 
these colors are revered in the heart of each Daughter of the 

Publish Roll cf Vetlr.\ns at Reunions. — W. R. Hough- 
ton, Esq., of Birmingham, Ala., who served in Company G, 
Second Georgia Regiment, sends the Veteran an elegant 
pauiphlet containing a roll of the Veterans registered at the 
Birmingham reunion of the .\labama Division November 4, 
5, 1903. The list gives Alabama Veterans first arranged by 
regiments consecutively: Infantry, cavalry, artillery; then 
the Slates, giving the command with the name. The pamphlet 
comprises 34 pages, the title-page being ornamented with the 
Confederate battle flag. It will go nicely in a letter envelope. 
The book is published and sent out with the compliments of 
Camp Hardee. Comrades in charge of registration are com- 
mended to procure one of these booklets as a model to work 
by. The only error or fault apparent in the list is lack of 
alphabetical arrangement of the names. 


Confederate l/eterai). 



I saw an article in the Veteil\n sometime back from one 
Gen. Young, which was not very complimentary to the Mis- 
souri troops, commanded by Gen. Bowcn, in and around 
Vicksburg. Gen. Young stated in his article that the Missouri 
troops came into Vicksburg in a very demoralized condition 
without giving any reason for this, which I think, in justice 
to these troops, ought to be given. I was a member of this 
command, and know of the battles, marchings, etc., in that 

On April 29, j86.^ we fought the enemy's gunboat at Grand 
Gulf, Miss. On the first day of May we checked the right 
wing of Grant's army at Port Gibson, thereby saving the Con- 
federate army from capture. On the morning of the i6th of 
May we fought the battle of Baker's Creek. This battle was 
opened by an artillery duel on our extreme right. Gen. 
Bowcn's command was in reserve on our e.xlreme left, some 
two and a half miles from the firing line of the artillery. We 
were double-quicked to that point, and had just arrived there 
when the battle opened along the whole line. We were then 
ordered back to the left wing; the enemy had flanked our 
line and were getting between us and Vicksburg. Advancing 
in front of the enemy, we began to form on left by file into 
line. Just as the brigade was doubled, the enemy began an 
enfilading fire down our line so heavy that we could not form, 
and had to fall back two or three hundred yards, where we 
formed and charged, breaking three of his lines of battle and 
destroying a number of ordnance wagons. By this time the 
whole army was in retreat to the bridge over Big Black River. 
This move closed the day's marching and fighting. On the 
17th of May Bowcn's Brigade was placed in the breastworks 
on Big Black River, above the railroad bridge, which position 
was on the e.\tremc left of Gen. Pemberton's army. Fighting 
began in the early morning, and about 8 a.m. there was a 
general advance by the enemy. The center of our line was 
broken, and a large part of the First Missouri Brigade was 
cut off from the bridge. To escape capture we threw all our 
arms and ammunition away, and those who could swam the 
river. Col. Gates, with nearly all of his First Missouri Regi- 
ment, was captured. This is why the Missouri Brigade came 
into Vicksburg in such bad condition. I am not one of thos'.- 
soldiers who can tell all about the movements, positions, etc., 
of the many difi'ercnt connnands in a fight. I always, when in 
battle, had just as much as I could look after in my front. 
Twice during that campaign the First Missouri Brigade saved 
Pemberton's army. And if it had not been for this command, 
there never would have been any siege at Vicksburg. This 
siege began on the i8th of May, and on the 22d the enemy 
made a number of assaults on the Confederate works, but 
were repulsed along the whole line, leaving many dead in 
our front. A few days after a (lag of truce was sent to Gen. 
Grant asking permission to bury the dead. My regimental 
commander and myself were sent out with this flag of truce. 
Both Federal and Confederate colonels were from the Stale 
of Indiana, and were old friends before the war. The writer 
of this article heard the Federal colonel say in substance 
that if it had not been for the assault made on his line at 
Baker's Creek by the First Missouri Brigade there never 
would have been any siege of Vicksburg, for they would have 
crushed Pemberton's army. While in Vicksburg Bowen's 
command was held in reserve, ar^d moved to different parts 
of the works as the situation required. Old soldiers who saw 
service know what it means to be the reserve column. 


One of the handsomest monuments erected to the private 
Confederate soldier by any one Chapter of the U. D. C. is that 
at Paris, Te.x., built by the Lamar Chapter, No. 258, and re- 
cently unveiled with appropriate ceremonies. The monument 
is artistic, emblematic, and historic. It was designed by Capt. 
O. C. Connor, who has been the mainstay and support of the 
Daughters in their efforts to raise the ?5,ooo necessary to 
pay all expenses, $4,600 of this amount going to pay for the 
monument proper. The base, nine feet square, is of red 
Texas granite, and surmounting it are the gray Texas granite 
blocks and the bronze figure of the private soldier. 

The imprcssiveness of the monument is not so much in the 
height, which is only twenty and a half feet, as it is the mas- 
sive solidity of the structure and the admirably blended pro- 
portions of the whole. On the four sides of the sub-base are 
the bronze busts of President Davis, Gens. R. E. Lee, Albert 
Sidney Johnston, and Stonewall Jackson. Beneath each bust 
is an appropriate inscription, indicative of the man. 

Mrs. O. C. Connor, President of the Chapter, whose active 
and untiring efforts succeeded in building this magnificent 
monument, pulled the cord that dropped the veil from the 
figure, amid the applause of the vast assemblage, and Judge 
Rufus Hardy, of Corsicana, delivered the address. The busts 
of President Davis and his distinguished generals were un- 
veiled separately. Mary, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 



C^opfederate l/eterai^. 


Jesse Pierce, uncovered the bust of Mr. Davis, and Hon. W. 
Hodges delivered a eulogy on the life and character of the 
distinguished patriot and statesman. Hon. E. S. Connor paid 
a beautiful tribute to R. E. Lee, when the bunting fell ex- 
posing the beloved and well-known face of the greatest captain 
of modern times. The placid but stern face of Stonewall 
Jackson was unveiled by Miss Everita Bray, and Hon. Fred 
Dudley responded in an address vividly portraying the life 
and character of Lee's greatest lieutenant. Private J. M. 
Long, who lost a leg at Shiloh, where Albert Sidney Johnston 
lost his life, responded when the bust of this distinguished 
soldier was uncovered. The proceedings were interspersed 
with recitations and vocal and instrumental music by the 
young people present. 


Capt. J. M. Killough, Waco, Tex: 

"In the Veteran for October, 1902, C. L. Daughtry inquired 
for information or address of a Mr. Robinson and others who 
were in Camp Chase during the winter of 1864-65. I should 
ilso be pleased to hear from Capt. Robinson, as we made the 
trip together from Atlanta, Ga., to Camp Chase. We occu- 
pied the same berth in Barracks No. 3 until he was trans- 
ferred through the influence of Northern relatives or friends 
as Secretary for the hospitals outside the inner prisons. Capt. 
Robinson was a Northern man by birth, a Georgian by adop- 
tion, a Confederate soldier by choice, and a prisoner at Camp 
Chase by accident, having been captured while in a convales- 
cent hosjiital not many miles from Atlanta. A braver or 
truer man never lived. 

"I, with five other men from Starnes's Fourth Tennessee 
Cavalry Regiment, was captured on the same day on the 
fighting line near a small village called Lawrenceville, Ga. 
That day's lighting may never be mentioned in history, al- 
though it was about the hardest fight I was in during the 
years that I followed the immortal Forrest, lasting from early 
in the morning till late in the afternoon, when we were of- 
fered the alternative of surrendering or being killed, and some 
of the boys already had more Yankee lead in their bodies than 
they could carry comfortably. After a short consultation, al- 
lowed us before the killing would begin, we decided, on ac- 
count of the wounded, we would surrender. 

"One thing happened there that was not often the case 
after a hard fight : We were complimented by the Yankee 
major commanding as the best fighters he had ever met, and 
when I informed him that we befoiiged to, and were trained 
up in, Forrest's old brigade, he gave me his hand with the 
remark that no wonder Gen. Forrest accomplished everything 
he undertook when followed by such men. 

"Capt. Robinson asked to join our squad the following day 
while we were being corralled at Gen. Thomas's headquarters 
in front of Atlanta, saying that he felt lonely with the sickly 
looking men he was with. He and I kept a diary from that 
day, recording all events of note during our stay w'ith Gen. 
Thomas, and from there to Camp Chase. His would be in- 
teresting reading, telling in a few plain words of the trials, 
sickness, and deaths of a prison life, and of many happenings 
of Camp Chase during the cold winter of 1864-65. We knew 
the talented Col. Hawkins, and might tell something about 
that parole. I have written this much in the hope that some 
member of Capt. Robinson's family or himself, if living, might 
communicate with me. My diary containing his address was 
stolen from me while being transferred under guard from 
Camp Chase to Richmond, Va. My recollection is that his 
mother and family lived in Franklin, Conn." 



It was the winter of 1864-65. The armies of Lee and 
Grant lay inactive in front of Petersburg and Richmond. . . . 
Grant had ordered Sheridan to depopulate the Valley of 
Virginia, and that gallant ( ?) general, after marching up and 
down the Shenandoah Valley, driving women and children be- 
fore him in hunger and want, had left nothing but a blackened 
wilderness behind him; and then, feeling that he had obeyed 
his orders to the letter, dispatched to Grant : "I have dev- 
astated the Valley of Virginia until a crow flying over it must 
carry his rations with him." 

Amongst the most obnoxious of the raiders that ran riot 
in our country at that time was a company of negro cavalry 
that patrolled the road from City Point to Norfolk. I had 
long been anxious to get at them ; for if there was anything 
that we hated worse than another, it was a negro soldier. So 
on the evening of January 22, 1865, we crossed the Black- 
water. The day had been one of heavy rains, but toward 
night the heavens cleared and it became intensely cold. We 
concealed ourselves as best we could in the woods beneath 
the banks of the Blackwater and built fires and made our- 
selves comfortable. Two men w-ere sent to the telegraph 
road, ten miles distant, to cut the telegraph wires, as we knew 
that would bring the black rascals out. 

The country through which we passed to reach our ob- 
jective point was one of treachery and disloyally. A company 
of home guards had been formed there, and at the toot of a 
horn they would assemble, day or night, and there was then 
certain death to the intruder unless he was too smart for 
them. Hence any exposure in our movements would have 
worked our ruin. We remained in our place of concealment 
until the hour of midnight, then we stole cautiously forth, in 
single file, leading our horses so as to keep them completely 
under control, and slowly advanced The ground by this time 
was frozen hard, so that we left no traces of our march be- 
hind. Thus quietly we passed through this sleeping land of 
treachery, and at dawn of the 23d we were well ensconced in 
our place of ambush. It was in a heavy wood of "old field 
pines," the original forest having been denuded many years 
before. These pines were as thickly studded as their bulk 
would permit. About ten paces from and above the road we 
lay safely concealed. Some distance back of us the road 
crossed a small creek spanned by a wooden bridge. There 
one of our number was placed, with instructions to fire when 
the column had passed, unless he heard infantry approaching; 
then we in ambush were to fire upon the passing force, rise 
from concealment, give the Rebel yell, and charge into the 
open road ; then mount our horses and pursue until all the 
black guards were killed or captured. Our number w-as six- 
teen, composed of eleven regular scouts, four Confederates 
that I had picked up for the occasion, and one man in blue, 
who had come to us by chance. He was a tall, handsome fel- 
low, fully equipped and mounted upon a magnificent horse as 
black as night, with knightly trappings and a Mexican steel 
bit, a veritable Bucephalus. He had come to us and requested 
that \\c receive him as one of our band, which we did, but 
kept our eyes on him. 

The regular scouts were Sloan, of North Carolina; Tanner, 
Smith, and Simmonds, of Georgia ; Mcllwain and Rife, of 
Mississippi; Waller and Latham, of Alabama; Cleel, of Texas; 
, of ; and Capt. Shadburne, of Texas, chief of scouts. 

The day was icy cold, and with great difliculty the men kept 
above the freezing point ; but they were used to such hard- 


Confederate UeteraQ. 

ships, and did not complain. In order to while away the time 
and keep the blood in circulation, they told stories, boxed, 
and jumped up and down, slapping their hands about them, 
and forgot their hunger, for we had nothing to cat. Our 
horses were tethered in the woods about one hundred yards 
in the rear of the rendezvous. 

Slowly the time passed until the hour of two o'clock ; then 
we heard the not-far-distant tread of approaching cavalry, 
and at once every man assumed his proper place, lying upon 
the ground face downward. The pulse of each scout quick- 
ened, his blood coursed freely, and his heart palpitated anx- 
iously at the thought of the coming strife, and he clutched 
tightly his trusty weapon and uttered a hasty prayer, feeling 
the premonitory shudder always experienced by the brave 
soldier just before the shock of battle. On came the unsus- 
pecting foe— by twos they rode— until they were abreast of us, 
about fifty in number. We were eagerly ready, every gun 
was cocked and presented; all waited anxiously for the sig- 
nal shot of our man at the bridge. The column passed, and 
still no shot was fired. Could it be that infantry was coming, 
and that the woods would be scoured? Such was my second 
thought, and the moment was ominous; for if such were the 
position, all w^ould be lost. 'I'licn the signal shot was fired. 
Our man had waited for the roar guard to pass. The enemy 
was beyond our reach, and our only hope was to mount and 
charge. This was ordered, and every man hastened to his 
horse, but all did not charge; the four volunteers remained 
behind. The eleven and our friend in blue bore down upon 
the sable foe, who stood his ground and poured toward us a 
galling fire. Then I commanded "Maj. Jones," with his 
"battalion." to liank to the left. Simultaneously five of my 
men diverged in the woods to the left, and all charged gal- 
lantly forward and re-fornicd not twenty paces from the foe. 
Then the Rebel yell was sounded, and right into their ranks 
wc dashed, pouring a deadly volley into their very faces. A 
moment more and the enemy broke and fled wildly, the scouts 
keeping in hot pursuit. On they ran, and the rout was com- 
plete. As each scout overtook a negro, he sounded his death 
knell and continued on. Thus for six miles we pursued them. 
when no longer was there a negro in sight, and the day was 
won. With one long-continued Rebel yell we wheeled about 
and pursued the backward march. 

In counting our losses and the results of victory, we found 
that we had lost our friend in blue. He at the first onslaught, 
when the charge was sounded, dashed madly to the front, 
firing as he went, and never stopped until in the very midst of 
the enemy, where his body was literally riddled with bullets. 
Poor fellow, he was a brave man, even though a deserter. Hi 
fills a nameless grave like many another of that cruel war. 
This was our only loss, and the only other casualty was the 
fall of Mclhvain. In making the charge at full speed his 
horse stumbled and fell, throwing the rider over his head. 
He (McIIwain) was a six-footer, weighing about two hundred 
pounds, and, as his fall was a heavy one, he was badly bruised, 
but no bones were broken; and, though hois de combat, h; 
was in the pursuit to the finish and enjoyed it. In the affray 
we killed eleven negroes, wounded a number more, captured 
two white prisoners, twenty horses, and a fine ambulance, con- 
taining, among, other things, six dozen eggs and five gallons of 
good whisky, all of which wc held as a New Year's present. 

It was but two hours till nightfall, and we made a hasty re- 
treat for the Blackwater, where we arrived at sundown. The 
bridge over the Blackwater had been partially destroyed some- 
time before, there remaining only the framework and a few 
planks. We had been able to cross on these the previous 

night; but now, with the ambulance and additional horses 
and night coming on, we were indeed in a dilemma. We has- 
tily strung the planks in three rows, two rows of single ones, 
just the width of the ambulance apart, for the wheels of that 
vehicle to revolve upon and another row of double planks over 
which we led the horses. With much dirticuliy wc succeeded 
in getting all the horses safely over, save one attached to the 
ambulance, which fell from the side of the bridge and pulled 
with him that conveyance itself. Finally, with much ex- 
ertion, wc extricated the horse, and he floundered to the 
other shore, and thither we propelled the ambulance. Then 
followed a division of the spoils, and it was an hour in the 
night before wc sought food and shelter. We had fasted 
for sixteen hours and were fatigued. Wc greatly enjoyed the 
hospitality of our \'irginia friends. The citizens were over- 
joyed at our victory. Many of the horses we had captured had 
been stolen from these citizens. They were returned, and the 
owners were he any in their thanks and laudation. 


[Tribute by N'ice President Ladies' Memorial Association, 
Rome, Ga.] 

Wilson Carter was born a slave of William H. Mitchell 
in Morgan County, Ga. He is now sixty-si.x years old, and 
has been in the service of the family all of his life. He was 
a humble, obedient slave until "set free," since when he has 
been a circumspect, law-abiding citizen, and commands the 
sincere respect of his whole circle of acquaintance, the white 
people, especially, being counted his friends. 

In early life Wilson was a consistent member of the Pres- 
byterian Church. After his marriage in 1867 he joined the 
Methodist Church through courtesy to his wife. All these 
years he has led a most exemplary life, and in consequence 
has secured for the comfort of his old age more than a com- 
petency, for he owns a comfortable home and has money at 
interest, to which he adds his monthly salary. He has never 
served other than the family in which he was born, and to- 
day is the honored, trusted gardener and coachman, carrying 


C^oijfederat^ UeceraQ. 


the kej'S, etc., for young William H. Mitchell, who accords 
"Uncle" Wilson every indulgence, which beguiles him into 
feeling his importance as "general supervisor" of the domestic 
matters of the home. 

In the beginning of the War between the States Wilson 
accompanied his young master, W. T. Mitchell, who went out 
with a volunteer company from Columbus, Ga., and was in 
active service mainly in the Army of Tennessee, following 
the hardships and severe fighting consequent to "Sherman's 
bloody march," including the dreadful battle of Chickamauga, 
where his young master gave up his precious life on the battle- 
field. Wilson, true to his trust as body servant, was near by, 
and after the fight he made his way alone, recovered the life- 
less body, prepared it with all the care and tenderness possible, 
wrapped it in his blanket, dug the grave, buried it himself, 
marked the place, then took his weary, desolate waiting until 
some chance to make his way home to the stricken family, 
which chance came with the wounding of young Willis Banks, 
a brother of Dr. E. A. Banks, to whom the Veteran paid 
tribute a year or so ago. Only those who witnessed these 
heartbreaking scenes can conjecture the agony of such a 

In the course of si.K months a call was made for recruits, 
and boys si.vteen and eighteen years old voluntarily rushed 
to fill the places and avenge the death of their loved ones. 
Then it was a younger son, Frank H. Mitchell, brother of the 
brave boy who fell at Chickamauga, volunteered to leave home 
and risk all for his country, and again faithful Wilson, with 
all the horror of his first experience fresh in his mind, ex- 
pressed his willingness to accompany the second son, which 
he did, and remained in service until honorably discharged at 
the sad and final surrender. 

Doubtless the desire to accompany "Mars Frank" was stim- 
ulated by the fact that he had nursed him in his childhood, 
and realized his ability now to care for him as he would be 
exposed to the rigor and hardships of war. What a proof 
of this niililc negro's loyalty and affection ! Any Southern 
heart can well understand why this faithful servant should 
continue to occupy in this family a prominent place of trust, 
tenderness, even sacred aft'cction, which prompts full confi- 
dence in our daily intercourse, yet with never a tinge or sus- 
liit-ion of familiarity on his part. All the little niceties of his 
larly training are punctiliously practiced, even to the leaving 
of liis hat outside the door when he enters the house. He is 
the bearer of all important letters, notes, and documents of 
every description, and worthily supports the acknowledged 
title of "Faithful Wilson." In all probability this and much 
more will be recorded of Wilson when with him "time shall 
be no more," but I think it a fitting tribute now, and it will 
certainly be very gratifying to him to feel assured that we 
recognize his solid virtues, and there co\ild be no greater 
proof of our appreciation than that he should sec it published 
in your patriotic, loyal Veteran, thereby constituting him a 
"Confederate hero." 



The Veteran for September, looj, contains a short sketch of 
the life of Mrs. L. Nccly, of Dallas County, Tex., in which it 
«;is claimed that she was probably the oldest living woman 
who had sons in the Confederate army. Since then I have 
made inquiries, and find that Mrs. Easter Sumrell Cooley, of 
Wayne County, Miss., is probably entitled to the appellation 
of the "oldest mother of the Confederacy.'' 

Faster Sumrell was born in South Carolina September 15. 

1805. When she was about eight years of age her parents re- 
moved to the Territory of Mississippi, arriving at Fort Win- 
chester, on the Chickasha River, in 1813. In 1820, when 
about fifteen years of age, she was married to Harbard Cooley, 
who died in December, 1867. Several children were born to them. 

Five of the sons — viz., Albert, Moses, Nelson, Berry, and 
Martin Van Buren — served in the Confederate army. One of 
these did not live to see the struggle ended, and three others 
have since died, leaving only one, Moses Cooley, who is sev- 
enty-two years of age. 

Mrs. Cooley 's whole life since she was eight years of age has 
been spent in Wayne County, Miss. She is now well on in 
her ninety-ninth year. She has lorig been a member of the 
Baptist Church. 


E. F. Compton, Company B, Seventh Virginia Infantry, 
writes from Front Royal, Va., February 4, 1904: 

"In the \'eteuan for May, 1903, Frank B. Heckman in- 
quired concerning his father's sword. Being present when he 
was captured, I write what I know about it. Grade's mei> 
did not capture Gen. Heckman as was stated ; he was cap- 
tured by Sergt. Blakey, of Company F, Seventh Virginia 
Regiment. It was late in the evening, and, 1 think, on May 
15, 1864. We were ordered to be ready to attack Butler at 
daybreak the next morning. Gen. Gracie formed in front 
with our brigade (Terry's, of Pickett's Division) supporting. 
The order being given to forward, we moved at a brisk step. 
Their pickets soon opened on our advance and fell back to 
their main line, in the edge of the woods. The fog was very 
heavy. The .Alabamians raised a yell and went forward, and 
the firing was terrific. We were halted a short distance in the 
rear, where we suffered heavily. Four men of my company 
fell from one volley. Very soon Gen. Gracie came galloping 
back to Gen. Terry, asking for support, saying that his men 
were lying down. We went forward with our characteristic 
yell. My company was the extreme left of the line, next to 
.lames River. When we reached their temporary breastworks, 
they gave way, some of them surrendering. We were pressing 
forward when our sergeant major came rushing in saying that 
we were separated; to incline to the right. In the under- 
growth and fog we could not see twenty paces ahead of us, 
and supposed that the whole line had been carried, which was 
not the case. By this time the bullets were cutting the twigs 
over our heads ; then we saw the Yankee line in our front, 
facing the other way. Our boys were all giving command, 
and in the dark it sounded as if there was a large number of 
troops. We met a few Yankees coming back. Just then Gen. 
Heckman was captured. He had said to Blakey: 'Forward your 
men in. My iiien are being cut all to pieces in there.' Blakey 
.=aw at once that he was a Federal, and demanded his sur- 
render. He said: 'I am your prisoner, but would like to sur- 
render my sword to a field officer.' Blakey took his pistol 
r.nd told him to go with him and he should have that privilege. 
The entire line surrendered at once, and the General turned 
his sword over to Col. C. C. Flowerree, of the Seventh Vir- 
ginia Regiment, who now lives in Port Gibson, Miss., and will 
take pleasure in giving any inforn:ation he can concerning it. 
Col. Flowerree was captured at the High Bridge two days be- 
fore Lee's surrender. We did not get as many prisoners as 
Mr. Heckman reports. My recollection is that there were five 
hundred and twenty-seven, while there were only about sixty 
Confederates behind them, with the balance of the brigade 
fighting them in front. This is as I remember of what I 
saw of the Drewry's lihit't iKiIlle." 


(;^OF)federate l/eterar}, 

[ ;.._- sketches for "Last Roll" following were sup- 
plied by the Dixie Chapter, U. D. C, Anderson, S. C] 

Capt. J. B. A1.LST0N. 

Capt. Joseph Blythc Allston died very suddenly while visit- 
ing in Anderson, S. C, January 29, 1904. During the Con- 
federate war he was captain of a company in the Twenty- 
Seventh South Carolina Regiment, and distinguished himself 
on several occasions. He was captured at the fall of Fort 
Fisher, kept in prison at Fort Delaware until the close of tho 
war. He was wounded twice — at Drewry's Bluff and at I'oco- 

J. A. Pruitt. 

Mr. Joshua A. Pruitt, a brave Confederate soldier, who 
served in Company E, Twentieth South Carolina Infantry, 
died at his home, Anderson, S. C, January 27. He was so 
severely wounded at Petersburg that he had to be sent home. 
As soon as he was strong enough he returned to the front and 
remained till the end of the war. Aged seventy-five years. 

J. F. Clakdy. 
Mr. L. F. Clardy, of Anderson, S. C, died January 21, 1904, 
At the outbreak of the Confederate war he entered Company 
D, Fourth South Carolina Regiment. He was transferred aft- 
erw-ards to the Eighteenth South Carolina Regiment. His war 
record was fine. He was in a number of important battles. 
In the explosion of "The Crater" he was captured and kept 
in prison until after the close of the war at Fort Delaware and 
in other Federal prisons. His age was sixty-three years. He 
<iid splendid work for the redemption of South Carolina in 
1876. He comiTiandcd a company of "red shirts" at Dacus- 
ville, Pickens County. 

Lieut. Robert John Biggs. 

Lieut. Robert John Biggs died at Josiah, Tcnn., November 
27, 19031 aged si.\ty-five years. He was sworn into service as 
second corporal of the Wigfall Grays, Fourth Regiment Ten- 
nessee Volunteer Infantry, at Germantown, Shelby County, 
Tenn., M;iy 15, 1861. He was promoted to first corporal in 
December, i85i ; elected second lieutenant in April, 1862; pro- 
moted to first lieutenant July. 1862. 

He figured in the battles of Perryville, Ky., and Joncsboro, 
Ga., and was wounded at the latter place. In December of 
1862 Company C, of the Wigfall Grays, and Company H, of 
the Tennessee Guards, were consolidated, which gave the 
company a surplus of officers, and Lieut. Biggs was one of 
the extra officers sent off on detached service, and was not re- 
lumed to the company til! August, 1864. 

J. W. Squires, of Dickens, Tex. 
Joe W. Squires, a member of his Camp, passed away on 
December 11, 1903, in his fifty-eighth year. Our comrade 
served under Gen. McCullough in the War between the States, 
and was faithful in the discharge of his duty as a soldier. 
His comrades and neighbors testify that he was an honest, 
(Upright, and useful citizen. He died at his home near Dick- 

ens, Tex., after months of great suffering with cancer of the 
throat. May his sleep be peaceful ! 

A committee composed of John A. Green, T. B. Love, O. S. 
Ferguson, and R. L. Collier extended sympathy to the family 
and commended the wearing of badges with the mourning 
side displayed for the usual period. 

Col. H. Clay 
A noted man of Tennessee, Col. H. Clay King, died near 
Nashville December 10, 1903. He was a native of Kentucky, 
was educated in the L'niversity of Alabama, and began the 
j)ractice of law at Paducah, Ky., at the age of twenty-one 
years. He enlisted early in the war in the Twentieth Ten- 
nessee Regiment, but later he personally equipped a Kentucky 
company. Afterwards he commanded a regiment of cavalry, 
and so impressed the enemy that Gen. Stanley, of the Union 
army, said Col. King was "one of the bravest and most fear- 
less men" he had ever known. He was captured at Shelby- 
ville, Tcnn., and held a prisoner for a year and a half. His 
family surviving him are wife, four daughters, and one son, 
who are a high credit to their native land. 

Charles H. Smith. 
Mr. Charles II. Smith, of Berryville, Va., who served in the 
Sixth Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A., and was President of the 
Clarke Cavalry Association, died recently from the effect of 
an amputation of a leg. He was buried by the Clarke Cavalry 
and the J. E. B. Stuart Camp, Confederate Veterans. With- 
out further knowledge of his service, it may well be presumed 
that he was a gallant soldier and a most worthy citizen. 

Mat. J. .\. Che.\tham. 
Maj. John Anderson Cheatham was born near Nashville, 
Tenn., June 6, 1826. He was the third son of Leonard Pope 
Clioalhani and Elizabeth Robertson and a great-grandson of 

Gen. James Robert- 
son, the founder of 
the city of Nashville. 
About 1850 Maj. 
Cheatham moved to 
Arkansas, where he 
was engaged in 
planting on an cn- 
tensive scale when 
the War between the 
States opened. He 
assisted his kins- 
man, Col. Sam G. 
Smith, in recruiting 
ilic Sixth Arkansas 
Infantry, with which 
lie served until he 
was appointed, in 
1S62, major on the 
staff of his distin- 
guished brother, 

MAJ. J. A. CHEATHAM. J^j^j Q^^ Jj p 

Clicatliam, with whom ho served uniil the close of the war, 
surrendering wilh llic army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston at 
Bentonville, N. C. After the close of the war, Maj. Cheatham 
returned to Tennessee, Ijiit in a short time resumed his plant- 
ing operations in Arkansas. In 1882 he married Mrs. Lottie 
Wall Cheatham, the widow of Col. Edward Cheatham, and 
made his home thereafter in Memphis, where be died Novem- 
ber 13, 1863. 

QoQfederat^ l/eterap. 


Gen. H. Kvd Douglas. 

Gen. Henry Kyd Douglas, distinguished Confederate sol- 
dier, jurist, autlior, and public speaker, died at his residence 
in Hagerstown, Md., in the sixty-fourth year of his age, sur- 
rounded by members of his family. While his condition was 
serious for several months, his death was a shock to his people. 
Several years ago his health became impaired, and he sought 
strength and recuperation by frequent trips South and North. 
But nothing availed him. During his illness he became greatly 

Gen. Douglas possessed a national reputation as an eloquent 
and graceful speaker and lecturer, while a soldier of experi- 
ence and capacity. He was born in Sharpstown, W. Va., Sep- 
tember 29, 1840. He was the son of Rev. Robert Douglas and 
Mary, daughter of Col. John Robertson. He was educated at 
the Franklin-Marshall College, in F'ennsylvania, and graduated 
in 1859, after which he studied at the law school of Judgi; 
Brockcnborough at Lexington, Va., graduating in i860. 

At the breaking out of the War between the States he en- 
tered the Southern army as a private in tlie Second Virginia 
Regiment, attached to Stonewall Jackson's Brigade. He ro^e 
rapidly in rank to orderly sergeant, lieutenant, and then cap- 
tain of his company. 

He was selected to carry the celebrated order from Gen. 
Jackson to Ewell, in the spring of 1862, which brought Ewell 
to Jackson and ended in driving Banks out of the Valley of 
Virginia and in the famous Valley campaign of Stonewall 
Jackson. Tlie ride of nearly one hundred miles was made 
one night in a drenching rain, through an unknown country, 
by various roads around the Massanulton Mountain, and over 
the Blue Ridge. He rode six different horses. Some of these 
horses he had to get from the inliabitants along the route. 
He had been ordered to deliver the dispatch by daylight the 
next morning. He did it, and, ha\ing handed it to Gen. Ewell 
at headquarters, he fainted from exhaustion. 

Ewell made such a report of Douglas's ride that Gen. Jack- 
Son at once appointed him on his staff. He served on the staff 
during the Valley campaign, and afterwards as assistant in- 
spector general, and again as assistant adjutant general. 

After the death of Gen. Jackson, Douglas was major and 
assistant adjutarit general and chief of staff on the staffs of 
Gens. Johnston, Early, and Gordon. Toward the close of the 
war, at Petersburg, he was appointed colonel of the Thirteenth 
and Forty-Ninth Virginia Regiments (consolidated), and 
placed in command of the brigade known as the "Light Bri- 
gade," formerly commanded by Gens. Jubal A. Early and A. 
P. Hill. There was no brevet rank in the Confederate army, 
and the surrender took place before Maj. Douglas received his 
commission as brigadier general, although it had been ordered 
upon the recommendations of Gens. Lee and Breckinridge. 
His brigade was placed by Gen. Gordon as the rear guard of 
the army for the lirst two days of the retreat from Petersburg 
to Appomattox. In this retreat he lost half of his men, and 
was wounded twice. On the morning of the surrender his 
brigade was at the front with the cavalry corps, and was 
the last brigade of infantry to surrender. During liis time of 
service he w.ts wounded six times, but only once (at Gettys- 
burg) dangerously. 

After the war Gen. Douglas was arrested in Shephcrdstown 
for having his photograph taken in uniform, and was put in 
dose confinement in the basement of a Catholic church at Mar- 
tinsburg, W. Va. He was then tried by a military connnission 
for treason, breach of parole, and violation of military orders. 
He sought to employ his own counsel, but was refused, and he 
defended bis own cave. He was ac(|uiltcd on t!ie tnst two. 

but was convicted on the last charge, and sentenced to Foit 
Delaware for three months. £11 route to Fort Dehware he 
was taken to Washington and confined in the penitentiary with 
Mrs. Surratt, charged by witnesses, together with Gen. Ed- 
ward Johnson, Gov. Letcher, and others, with knowing some- 
thing about the assassination of President Lincoln. The 
charge was shown to be false, but Gen. Douglas was held in 
confinement four weeks "as a witness." On being released 
he was again arrested and sent to Fort Delaware to serve the 
sentence already referred to. He was released about Septem- 
ber I, 1S65. He then began the practice of law in Winchester, 

He was a member of Gov. Carroll's staff at the Centennial 
in 1876 ; and in 1877, when the strikes broke out, he was placed 
in command of the Western Maryland forces along the Balti- 
more and Ohio railroad and the Chesapeake and Ohio rail- 
road, and with headquarters at Cumberland, and afterwards 
at Sir John's Run. He was a witness in the Fitz-John Porter 
case, and one of the maps returned by the court in their find- 
ing is named the "H. Kyd Douglas" map, being Jackson's line 
at Manassas. Col. Douglas took the First Battalion to York- 
town Centennial, and was appointed by Gen. Howard to repre- 
sent the South as one of the three general field officers. He 
was at the head of the First Regiment, Maryland National 
Guard, from its incipiency, and continued with it until he was 
appointed associate judge of the Fourth Circuit by Gov. E. E. 
Jackson, April 8, 1891. 

In 1892 lie was appointed Adjutant General of Maryland by 
Gov. Frank Brown, and continued four years in the office. 
During his incumbency the great coal strike in the George's 
Creek region of Maryland was ordered, and on the call for 
troops to preserve order Gov. Brown ordered Gen. Douglas 
to take command and support the civil authorities. His bri- 
gade included the Fourth and Fifth Regiments. The move- 
ment of troops to Froslburg was made with great celerity. 

During his temporary service on the bench as an associate 
judge. Gen. Douglas displayed every qualification for the 
position. He made a great many friends by wise discrimina- 
tion and courtliness of manner. But he was essentially a sol- 
dier by inclination and experience in early life. Personally, 
he was slim and straight as an arrow, connnanding in carriage, 
a typical soldier. 

Gen. Douglas delivered his lecture on the "Confederate Vol- 
unteer"' in Boston about twenty years ago. A great audience 
gathered to hear him and gave him an ovation. He spoke en- 
tirely from the Southern standpoint, and stated distinctly that 
he was not there to apologize for the South or to concede 
that the position of the South was in any respect wrong. 

Gen. Douglas was never married. His father was a minis- 
ter of the Reformed Church, descended from the celebrated 
Douglases of Scotland. His home was Feriy Hill, a fine resi- 
dence in Washington County, overlooking fhe Potomac River 
and Shepherdslown beyond. This place came to Gen. Douglas, 
and ho owned it all his life. For the rast twenty-five years- 
Gen. Douglas lived in a beautiful house on Potomac .Avenue, 
Hagerstown, his half-sister. Mis. Nannie Reckcnbaugli. and 
her two children living with him. 

Phillips H. S. G.wle anp Mary .Armistead Gavle. 

"They were lovely and pleasant in their lives. 

And in their death they were not divided." 

The blue curt.^in of the skies that shuts from mortal sight 

the glory of the "better country" has parted to admit into 

that celestial paradise two whose lives and hearts were knit 



C^opfederate l/ete-ap. 

together with the bonds of everlasting affection. For forty- 
seven years and four months of happy married life they had 
walked together. On the 7th of May, 1903, Mrs. Gayle passed 
away, and on the 22d her husband's spirit went to meet her 
in the Father's home. 

They were both natives of Alabama, Mrs. Gayle being born 
in Green County March -'8, 1S37, and Mr. Gayle in Cahaba, 
Dallas County, April 13, 1831. Mrs. Gayle was the daughter 
of Col. William and Lucy Armistead, formerly of Virginia. 
She received a classical education at the select school of Mrs. 
Meade, in Richmond. Mr. Phillips H. S. Gayle was the son of 
Matthew and Amaranth Gayle. His parents were originally 
South Carolinians, and his near kinsman, John Gayle, was the 
seventh Governor of Alabama. Graduating witJi high honors 
at the University of Georgia, he received the medal for ora- 
tory, and prepared to enter upon the practice of law. 

When the Confederate States came into existence, he at 
once allied himself with its interests, and he became the pri- 
vate secretary of Gen. Leroy Pope Walker, Secretary of War. 
As such he sent the telegram from the capital of the Con- 
federacy, commanding Gen. Beauregard to fire on Fort Sum- 
ter, "the shot that rang around the world." 

But his soul longed for more active service, and when the 
Cabinet moved to Richmond he resigned his po.sition as sec- 
retary to the Secretary of War and entered the field service of 
<he Confederate army. 

He declined to accept any office, but often performed duties 
■of trust. Under his personal care the wife and daughter of his 
commanding general were safely escorted through the lines 
to their home. 

At the close of the war he, like the majority of the Con- 
federate soldiers, was compelled to battle with depressing 
■financial circumstances, but in that patient way which char- 
acterized him through life he began upon a small salary. 
Among the first positions that he held was that of bookkeeper 
and confidential clerk of one of the largest wholesale firms of 
Montgomery. With his fine business training and sterling 
•qualities, he soon became a mcinber of a leading cotton firm of 
the State, and continued his successful business career with them 
until his death. He was gentle, kind, and considerate to his 
•employees, and was consulted with every confidence by tliose 
with whom he came in contact in his business life. His word 
•was his bond, and his name was the synonym of honor and 
uprightness. He never injured any one by word or deed, and 
tio man in Alabama possessed a wider influence for good or 
liad a more enviable reputation. He was the best of husbands, 
and as a father 

"Quick in love, wakeful in care. 
Tenacious of his trust, proof in experience, 
Severe in honor, perfect in example, 
Stamped with autliority.'' 

Phillips and Mary (Armistead) Gayle were married Jan- 
uary 30, 1855. Their four children were Williain Armistead, 
Joseph Phillips, Lucy Herbert, and Mary Scniple, who married 
Dr. William Lamar Law. 

No note of discord or disturbance ever marred his fireside. 
He and his family were woven together in bonds of love, and 
the home love was radiant with the influence of his ripened 
Christian character. 

From the early age of twenty, when at the university, his 
'lovely Christian disposition began to exercise its influence 
upon his fellow-students, and continued with associates to the 
ilast moment of his long and useful lite. He so lived that me-.i 
took notice of him "that he had been with Jesus," and now 

there are many business men of Montgomery who arc trying 
to imitate his Christian life and sterling qualities. 

He was known throughout the State as an active Christian 
layman. Although favored with a fine university education, 
and living in an atmosphere of refinement and culture, yet 
his heart yearned toward his brethren who were not so for- 
tunately situated. He delighted at all time to be identified 
as a Christian worker among the poor, and remembrance of 
his gentle presence at the bedside of the sick and dying adds 
luster to his worthy memory. 

Among all his Christian graces he was pretjmincntly a pa- 
tient man. While his sufferings were of the most intense 
character, he never complained. His last words were a testi- 
mony to his faith in the highest powers, but, impressive as thcv 
were at that time, they confirmed the testimony of his long and 
useful life, which had been one of consecrated faith and love. 

Mrs. Gayle was one of the charter members of the Ladies' 
Memorial Association, and also of the Sophie Bibb Chapter, 
U. D. C. During the eventful years of the War between the 
Slates she was unselfish in her devotion to the cause. No 
call was ever made on the women of the South or of Mont- 
gomery, whether for private necessities or public emergencies, 
that was "not responded to by her. Clothing for the boys in the 
field, and loving, generous care for the families of the absent 
ones were among the constant evidences of her loving heart. 
Her husband was in the front of the fray, and her two broth- 
ers were Maj. Robert and Lieut. Col. Herbert Armistead, of 
the Twenty-Second Regiment of .Mabama Volunteers. Both 
were slain in battle — the one at Shiloh and the other at Frank- 
lin. They gave generously of their means for the equipment 
of that splendid body of men who were so courageously and 
faithfully led by Gen. Deas. 

'1 he family of Armistead are descended from a long line of 
patriots and brave men. Among them was the gifted Speaker 
Robinson, of Virginia, who was the first Speaker of the 
House of Burgesses, the friend and compeer of George 
Washington. There was also the Armistead of Fort Mc- 
Henry defending the flag while Francis Scott Key was writ- 
ing the "Star-Spangled Banner ;" and at Gettysburg the only 
stone erected by the Federals at the crest where the tide of 
battle turned, and the tide of Confederate success began to 
wane, bears the name of Louis Armistead. A short while be- 
fore Mrs. Gayle's death a touching incident occurred. Veteran 
Cooper, of the Twenty-Second Alabama Regiment, brouglit to 
her the flag of that regiment, which had first been received from 
the ladies of Mobile by her brother, Maj. Robert Armistead. 
When the color bearer was killed in the last action of the war. 
Veteran Cooper took the flag from the faithful hand of the 
dead and bore it home. 

Mrs. Gayle was always actively interested in the work of 
the Memorial Association, but persistently declined to accept 
any oflice, though often solicited to do so. For more than a 
year before her death she was the constant companion and 
nurse of her invalid husband. This devotion sapped her 
strength, and she became an easy prey to pneumonia, but she 
bravely kept her place by his side until forced to leave in the 
unselfish fear lest her cough might disturb him. Quickly the 
end came, and he knew it not. Friends and loved ones passed 
softly to and fro about the lovely form from which the spirit 
had vanished, fearing lest a sob or sigh might tell him of his 
benavcnient. It was only fifteen days before her beloved hus- 
band fell on sleep and was laid beside her in "God's Acre." 

Perhaps in no trait of character were they more congenial 
than modesty. Honors possessed for them no charm. Home 
was their chosen sphere, and yet as patriots and in the Church 

\oi)federate l/eterap. 


!they were prominent. Their service in the Methodist Church 
was a mutual pleasure, and is a part of the history of a con- 
gregation which must ever gratefully remember their quiet 
help in times of need. 

Mrs. Gayle's gentle womanliness and amiability found a 
•counterpart in one of the kindest hearts that ever beat in 
manly breast. Together they lived and loved, serving each 
other, their home, their country, and their God. 

A prominent trait of this noble woman was that she seemed 
to possess the secret of perpetual youth. Years only added to 
the grace and charm of her light and winsome manners. Al- 
ways hopeful, looking on the bright side of every subject, 
Iceeping abreast of the age in her reading and her Ihouglits, 
she was the center of- attraction for the young people who 
]vne\v her. Her piety was unostentatious. It had not the 
noise of the cataract, but resembled the deep calm of the 
flowing river. It was like the dew in the quiet manner in 
which it performs its ministry. It falls silently and iitipercepti- 
lily ; it is noiseless, no one hears it dropping ; it chooses the 
•darkness of the night, while men are sleeping, and when no 
man can witness its beautiful work. It covers the leaves with 
■clusters of pearls : it steals into the bosom of the flowers and 
leaves a new cupful of sweetness there ; in the morning there is 
new life and fresh beauty everywhere — the fields are green and 
the gardens more fragrant, and all nature speaks with a new 
splendor. It was in this manner that this lovely couple did the 
test work of their lives, and in so doing preferred that their 
influence should be felt rather than seen or heard. Their best 
gifts were scattered so silently and secretly that no one in 
this life will ever know liy wliat hand they were dropped. 

J. H. Conner. 
J. H. Conner, aged fifty-seven years, died December ii, 
1903, in Dallas, Tex. He had been in Dallas about two 
months. The body was sent to Forney for burial. He wms 
a member of the Twenty-Sixth Mississippi Regiment. He 
made a gallant soldier, was jolly, good-natured in camp and 
on the march, and was beloved by his comrades. He was 
blessed w-ith a loving and devoted family at Forney. His repu- 
tation was that of an honored and exemplary Christian gen- 
tleman, true to Ills country, to his family, and to his God. 

The men who wore the gray were right. 

And right can never die. 

We'll not forget. We'll not forget. 

W. II. Coffey. 

W. C. Dorion write; from Uiilivar. Tenn.: 

"I notice in the Veteran inquiry about W. H. Coffey. Com- 
pany B, Fourth Tennessee Infantry Regiment. He died at 
Forrest City, Ark., on. October 24, 1902, aged sixty-one years. 
He was born and reared in Hardeman County, Tenn., and left 
Bolivar with his company (the Pillow Guards) May 15, 1861. 
When the Fourth Regiuicnt was stationed at Columbus, Ky., 
Coffey was one day standing guard by an open field, in which 
a regiment was being drilled. Orders were to allow no one 
to pass out the lines without a written permit from Gen. .\. 
S. Johnston, who had lately arrived and assumed command at 
Columbus. About fifty soldiers had crowded near the guard, 
looking at the drilling regiment, when Gen. Johnston rode up 
with his orderly close behind. 'Halt !' Coffey commanded the 
General. The order was at once obeyed. Gen. Johnston took 
off his cap and, lioldnig it in one hand, said : 'Does any one 
here know me?' One of the boys blurted out: 'It's Gen. 
Johnston.' 'Excuse me, General ; I — I — I — beg your pardon,' 

said Coffey, manifestly frightened. 'All right, my man,' was 
replied. 'You have done your duty.' Then came the Rebel yell." 

Dr. R. W. Mitchell. 

A committee composed of J. M. Williams (Chairman), Capt. 
G. B. Malone, Dr. Al Elcan, J. C. McDavitt. and S. A. Mun- 
son, appointed at the November meeting of the Confederate 
Historical Association, has prepared a memorial of their late 
comrade, Dr. R. W. Mitchell, of Memphis, in which the fol- 
lowing is recorded : 

"In the historical sketches of prominent Tennesseeans i.i 
the 'Confederate History' and sketch in the late Col. Keating's 
'History of the Yellow Fever Epidemic in i878-"9,' Dr. Robeit 
W. Mitchell is prominently mentioned. Beautiful tributes are, 
paid him by the daily press of Memphis, at the time of his 
demise, in which his character as a man, a citizen, a soldier, 
and physician was so impressively and truthfully portrayed. 
It would be a matter of supererogation on our part to do more 
than indorse and emphasize the sentiments of high regard and 
esteem therein expressed for our late comrade, and we here- 
with refer to them for a more extended account of his life 
and character, and attach, as part of our report: 

"There is nothing left for your committee to do except t.") 
speak of his services to the Confederacy during those eventful 
years from 1S61 to 1865, and to give a brief biographical sketch 
of his life. 

"His record during the War between the States was no less 
meritorious and noteworthy than has been his services to his 
people and lo the city of Memphis during the long years 
which have intervened since the close of that war and up ;o 
the date of his death, which occurred on the 2d day of Novem- 
ber, IQ03, al his home. No. no Adams Street. Memphis, where 
he had lived for so many years, beloved and respected by all 
who knew him. 

"He was born in Carroll County, Tenn., on August 26, 1831, 
but when quite a boy moved with his parents to Mississippi. 
In 1858 he moved to Memphis and commenced the practice of 
his profession (medicine) ; but the war cloud which was hov- 
ering over our country soon burst forth in all its fury, and the 
sound of the drum and bugle w?s heard throughout our South- 
land, calling her sons to arms. 

"Dr. Mitchell innnediately volunteered his services to Ten- 
nessee, his native State, and was commissioned as surgeon of 
the Thirltenlh Tennessee Infantry Regiment, and later, when 
the One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Teimessee Regiment was 
consolidated with the Thirteenth Tennessee, he held the same 
position as surgeon for both regiments imtil after the battle of 
Murfreesboro, when he wms promoted to brigade surgeon of 
Gen Fre.Nton Smith's Brigade. 

"Gen. Smith being killed at Chickamauga, Gen. .\.J. Vaughan 
look cliarge of the brigade. He was wounded and permanently 
disabled al Cartersville, Ga. Then our own Gen. G. W. Gordon 
was put in command of this famous brigade of Tennesseeans, 
and led it in all of its conflicts, to the bloody battle of Frank- 
lin, right into the jaws of death. In all the skirmishes and 
battles of this brigade Dr. Mitchell was at his post of duty, 
ministering to the wants of the dying and wounded soldiers 
and looking after their health when in camp or on the march, 
and was always solicitous for their welfare, securing for them 
ilie best of everything obtainable. He was by nature tender 
and sympathetic in his feelings. 

"Another crucial test to duty and love for his fellow-man 
was dtmonstrated during the fearful yellow fever epidemic in 
Memphis in 1878-79, which almost depopulated our city. He 
stood faithfully at his post, visiting the sick and dying at all 


C^ot^j'ederate l/eterai^. 

hours of the day and night. Thus we find him true as steel 
in every capacity in which he was called, never shirking an 
obligation or a sense of duly. 

"He died as he lived, the highest type of the Southern gentle- 
men, '.S'a»i.t pcur et sans rcproche;' therefore be it 

"Resolved: I. That in the death of Dr. Mitchell we have 
lost a gallant old comrade, a true friend, and worthy citizen. 

"2. That we regret his departure from our midst and feel the 
loss keenly, but humbly bow to the will of God, who 'doeth 
all things well.' 

"3. That we tender our sincere condolence and deepest sym- 
pathies to the bereft widow and relatives of our deceased 

James Williams Mooke. 

Another old veteran has laid aside the habiliments of war 
and peacefully surrendered in obedience to the command of his 
gre^t General and Master. 

James Williams Moore, son of George Milas Moore, and 
Elza Crook, grandson of Williams Crook and his wife, Sarah 
Latiniore Evins, was born in Lawrence District, South Caro- 
lina, November 21, 1836; and died at his home, "Wildwood," 
Marshall County, Miss., September 15, 1903, surrounded by 
his family and many lifelong friends. In 1843 his parents 
moved to Marshall County, and in their colonial home estab- 
lished the hospitable customs of their native State. No way- 
farer, however humble, was ever turned away, and when the 
Confederate war called for the Southern sons, this home was 
quickly converted into a place of rest for those who were 
sick or wounded. There they received the most careful nurs- 
ing. From this home of comfort and plenty went on May 
27, 1861, two bright, promising sons — George and James 
Moore. They became members of Company G, Seventeenth 
Regiment, Barksdale's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. 
Gen. N. S. Feathers was captain until the reorganization, when 
Gen. Seers was elected in his stead. The blood of four gen- 
erations of soldiers coursed through their veins. Revolu- 
tionary history is embellished with the names of Moore, Mose- 
ley. Crook, Williams, Evins, John Patton, and his wife, Sarah 
Caldwell Latimore who was cousin in blood and spirit to 
John Caldwell Calhoun. With the spirit and inspiration of 
their grandsires they went joyfully to battle for the cause of 
their insulted country. The mothers' and fathers' parting 
command, like the Spartans of old, was: "Shirk no duty; 
if necessary, return wrapped in your blankets." George, the 
pride and joy of his family, was so brought to them to fill 
a young soldier's honored grave in the family lot. James re- 
mained the entire time, surrendering at Appomattox. It was 
said of him by an old comrade that he was loyal to every 
trust, unpretentious, always cheerful, and participated in every 
battle, excepting when wounded. After the conflict was over, 
he returned to his home, and began life anew on the old 
plantation, where he remained until death. 

On December 22, 1868, he married Miss Janie McKadycii, 
granddaughter of Col. Kilpatriok, of Mississippi. Five children 
blessed their union. His greatest pleasure was in attending the 
yearly reunions of old comrades and leading the pages of the 
CoNFEUEKATE Vetekan. The aged mother's heart enshrines in 
deathless love the memory of her brave boys who wore the 

T. J. McGehee. 
Comrade T. J. McGehee, a veteran, was buried in Cohnnbus, 
Miss., November 24, 1903. Comrade W. A. Campbell wrote 
of him a few years ago an account of his extraordinary ex- 

perience. He was badly wounded in the leg, was left on the 
field, and captured by the enemy, and carried to the hospital, 
where the surgeon in charge said that they must amputate his 
leg to save his life. McGehee said he did not want it done, 
but the surgeon said he would not ask him, and when he at- 
tempted 10 operate. McGehee, who was left-handed, hit the 
surgeon with all his force and knocked him down, which so 
enraged him that he jumped on McGehee and cut him badly. 
After the war he made a good citizen. 

Cai't. K. R. Jones. 

"Capt. Kenneth Raynor Jones died at New Berne, N. C, 
June 10, 1503. He enlisted in May, 1861, in Company I, Twen- 
ty-Seventh Regiment, N. C. T., and served throughout the 
war. He was in many of the great battles, and was wounded 
four times. He was a man of high character and well beloved. 
He served his country well, both as a soldier and civilian. 
At the time of his death he was Commander of Camp New 
Berne, No. 1162, U. C. V." 

The above terse sketch is by J. J. Wolfenden, successor to 
Capt. Jones .is Commander of the New Berne Camp. 

Mrs. Eliza C. Rives. 

Full of years and full of good deeds, Mrs. Eliza C. Rives 
entered into rest December 3, 1903. Ann Eliza Johns Chapter, 
Daughters of the Confederacy, having heard of the death of 
the mother of our esteemed President and wife of the brave 
Col. Rives, who heartily and nobly espoused the Confederate 
cause and gallantly fell in the battle of Pea Ridge, and desiring 
to place on record our great sorrow occasioned by the death 
of this noble and patriotic woman ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That in the death of Mrs. Rives this Chapter rec- 
ognizes that we lose one of our best beloved and most zealous 
members, and that our city loses one of its most admired and 
lovable women, who, as 3 dutiful and sweet daughter, loving 
sister, faithful and devoted wife, tender and affectionate moth- 
er, true friend, and Christian exemplar, deserved and received 
the love and admiratitm of all who were so blessed as to enjoy 
her acquaintance. 

Resolved, That this Chapter deplores the loss of one of those 
matchless Confederate women who, during the four years of 
war by their patriotism and devotion and by their privation 
and sacrifice, encouraged the Southern soldiers to heroic deeds, 
which could be inspired only by their cheering words and an- 
gelic ministrations. We are not unmindful that since the 
close of the struggle Mrs. Rives's interest in, and work for, the 
comfort and welfare of the Confederate soldiers have been un- 
abating and her endeavor to defend the principles for which 
the South contended and to commemorate and perpetuate the 
memory of those who wore the gray has been unceasing. 

Resolved, That we shall ever cherish the memory of this 
gentle, kind, sweet, and lovely Christian Confederate woman, 
and our highest aim will be to ennilatc her many noble virtues. 

Resolved, That we tender to our President, Mrs. Berryman 
Green, her brothers, sister, and other relatives, our heartfelt 
sympathy in their great bereavement, and commend tliem to 
Him who alone can speak peace to the aching heart, for that 
consolation which He alone can give. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be spread upon 
our records, a copy mailed to the Confederate Veteran, and 
copies sent to our President, Mrs. Berryman Green, and Mrs. 
W. I. White. 

Mrs. W. T. Harris, Mrs. Agnes H. Macgill. Mrs. Alice W. 
Jordan, Mrs. C. W. Guerrnnt, Mrs. Harry Wooding, Com- 


Qopfederate l/eterap. 


Capt, W. R. Garrett. 

Capt. William Robertson Garrett was born at Williamsburg, 
Va., April 12, 1839; and died in Nashville, Tenn., February 
12, 1904. His father, Dr. Robert M. Garrett, and Mrs. Susan 
Winder Garrett, his mother, were members of the most promi- 
nent families of Virginia. 

Capt. Garrett graduated with the degree of A.M. at William 
and Mary College, and afterwards took a law course at the 
University of Virginia. In April, 1861, he entered the Con- 
federate service as a private in the Thirty-Second Regiment, 
but a short time afterwards was elected captain of artillery, 
with which he served through the Peninsular campaign with 
such marked ability that at the expiration of the enlistment 
of his company, May, 1862, he was offered several staff posi- 
tions, all of which he declined to accept a commission to raise 
a battalion of partisan cavalry for service in Tennessee. These 
troops, with Holnian's Battalion, were consolidated and formed 
the Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry, with Capt. Garrett as adju- 
tant, and became a part of Dibrell's Brigade under Forrest, 
until after the battle of Chickamauga, when they became a 
part of Gen. Wheeler's Division under Gen. Joe Johnston. 

When Hood retreated from Tennessee they again became 
a part of Forrest's Command, Bell's Brigade, and surrendered 
with it at Gainesville, Ala. 

Soon after the war Capt. Garrett married Miss Flournoy 
Batts, of Pulaski, Tcnn., and afterwards devoted his entire 
time to educational matters, for which by taste and study he 
was so eminently qualified, as evidenced by the many impor- 
tant positions he has tilled. He was President of Giles Col- 
lege, Principal of Corncrsville Academy, Superintendent of 
Public Schools for Giles County, Professor of Mathematics 
in the Montgomery Bell Academy, also of the University of 
Nashville, Principal of the Nashville Military Academy, Slate 


Superintendent of Public Schools, and at the time of his death 
.vas Professor of American History in the Pcabody Normal 

College for Teachers, and editor of the American Historical 

Capt. Garrett always took an active interest in the U. C. V. 
Association, and at the time of his death was a member cf 
the Historical Committee of the Association and a trustee of 
the Confederate Memorial Association. 

The following tributes are from leading veterans who 
knew his merits to every sentiment of honor and gratitude : 

Gen. Stephen D. Lee, Columbus, Miss., Commander in Chief 
U. C. v., February 15 : 

"Your telegram announcing the death of my dear friend. 
Col. W. R. Garrett, caught me on the road. Truly our greatest 
and best are falling rapidly. Gordon just the other day; now 
the modest, true-hearted, hard-working, loyal, conservative Gar- 
rett has followed him. I leaned on my friend in all historical 
matters, and felt what he wrote I could sign without hestita- 
lion. He will be a great loss to us, for he, like yourself, was 
one of the workers, and they are so few among us now." 

From Gen. Clement A. Evans, Atlanta, Commander Army of 
Tennessee Department, February 13 : 

"Your telegram struck me as a hard blow. I know no man 
whom I admired, respected, and loved more than our noble 
friend Garrett. He was so true, so brave, so g ntle, so tal- 
tnted, and so industriously occupied in doing for his Southern 
land, his whole country, his Church, and his friends that it does 
seem he ought to have lived and served many more years. 

"Indeed, I have been bereaved so often of late that I cannot 
stand the strain as I ought. I am lighting a hard battle against 
despondency, and my daily call on the God whom I serve and 
trust is for his help. 

"I should like to keep my chosen friends with whom I have 
.so long walked in the comradeship of mutual regard — but so 
be it. God takes us one at a lime, and yet it seems now as if 
his hand is gathering his own in clusters." 

Gen. George Reese, Pensacola, Fla., February 16, 1904: 
"Yours conveyed the sad news of the death of my friend. Col. 
Garrett. I could call him friend, for I had every assurance 
of this from our association together, especially on the Memo- 
rial Committee. 1 was always highly impressed with his 
sterling worth, his honest, straightforward bearing, and his 
earnest advocacy of the cause of the Veterans. I shall miss his 
support and counsel. 1 had anticipated great pleasure in meet- 
ing him at Nasliville during the next reunion. How fast are 
the old veterans passing away ! Soon they will all be gone. I 
trust we all may be prepared to meet the summons when it 

From Col. A. G. Dickinson, of New York City: 
■T regarded Col. Garrett as one of the purest men I ever 
knew. 1 felt at all times perfect confidence not only in his 
honesty and integrity but in his desire to do at all times what 
was right and just. 1 sincerely grieve at the sad loss we all 
have sustained who 'knew him but to love him.' He was a 
good man and an honor to his race. Manly, dignified, and 
noble, but gentle and modest as a woman." 

The ancestral home of the Garretts at Williamsburg, Va., is 
one of the most interesting in America. The mansion is con- 
spicuously aristocratic in tone and is still well preserved. The 
Post settlement there was made in 1607, the house was erected 
in 1673, and has been in the Garrett family for three genera- 
tions. A pleasing discussion occurred between Capt. Garrett 
and Col. Dickinson, also a native of Williamsburg, of a con- 
templated visit, at their last meeting with the C. M. A. 


Qor^federatc Ueterar^. 

Rev. J. T. Hakkis. 
From Thurber, Tex., W. E. Saunders sends notice of the 
death of Rev. J. T. Harris on the 23d of September last, after 
an illness of more than two years. As a Confederate soldier, 
he had made a spotless record, serving his country faithfully 
and fearlessly during the first two years with Company A. 
Fourteenth Texas Cavalry, and then to the end of the war 
with Gano's Texas Cavalry. For valor he was promoted from 
the ranks to captain, and all who served under him loved him 
for his kindness and bravery. He organized the Erath- 
Comanche Confederate Veteran Association some fourteen 
years ago, and this has grown to be one of the strongest or- 
ganizations of the kind in the State. Comrade Harris was 
aid-dc-camp on ihe stafT of Gen. W. L. Cabell, and was one of 
two Confederates honored with complimentary membership 
in the Grand Army of the Republic, the other being Gen 
James Longslreet. He was held in high esteem as a man of 
brilliant intellect, strong moral character, and a friend stanch 
and true. 

CoL. George J. Chapman. 
Following close upon his former superior officers — Gens. 
Longstrcet and Gordon— Col. George J. Chapman, of St. 
I.X)uis, Mo., answered the final roll call. He was born in St. 
Louis, where his mother, Elizabeth Chauvin, and his grand- 
father, Jacques Chapman, had been born, the latter in 1782. 
Coh Chapman served four years in the Confederate army, and 
was a prisoner of war at Rock Island. After the war he en- 
tered the business life of St. Louis. Death came to him after 
a year's illness from the efTects of wounds received in battle. 
The only surviving relative is Sylvester T. Chapman, of St. 

Capt. Daniel R. McKissick. 

Many hearts were saddened by the news of the death of 
"Uncle" Dan McKissick at his home near Hiwassee, Benton 
County, Ark. He was known and loved by almost every one 
in the county, and a kindlier, truer spirit never inhabited 
mortal body. In the tribute by Camp Cabell, of Bentonville. 
of which he was a member, the following is given of his life : 

"Daniel R. McKissick was born in Bedford County, Tenn., 
in August, 1837. He came to Benton County, Ark., when sev- 
enteen years of age, and lived for sixty-eight years at the home 
where he died. He was a soldier of two wars — a private in 
the war with Mexico and captain in the Confederate army — 
and as a soldier he was always at his post of duty among the 
bravest of the brave and ever true to the principles for which 
he fought. Intensely Southern in all his feelings, he never 
doubted for a moment that the cause of the South was a just 
and holy cause. 

"Capt. McKissick was a man of remarkably strong charac- 
ter — a modest, brave, just, and fearless man in every relation 
of life, and no man of the county was more loved and respect- 
ed than he. On the 13th of October, 1903, he was laid to rest 
by the old comrades of the Confederate army who knew him 
best and loved him most, and there by the side of father and 
mother he awaits the resurrection morn. A loving and de- 
voted wife is left to mourn his loss." 

SaMI'F.1 L. RkIiARDR. 

Comrade Samuel L. Richards died at his home in StalTord 
County, Va., on January 13. Comrade Richards moved to 
Texa§ in 18.S9, and at the beginning of the war enlisted in 
"Terry's 'iexas Rangers," and made a brave and faithful sol- 
dier to the close. He returned to his home in Milam Countv, 

Tex., after the surrender, where he lived until a few years 
since, when he moved back to his old home in Stafford County. 

Frank M. Simms. 

Comrade F. M. Simms, of Mobile, died at his home in that 
city October 20, 1903. The Raphael Semmes Camp, U. C. V.. 
of which he was a member, attended in a body. Rev. G. C. 
Tucker officiated. In confonnity with his request he was 
buried in the Veterans' lot, Magnolia Cemetery, among his 
comrades who had gone before. He was born in Covington, 
Ky., July 6, 1842. Elarly in life he moved to the far South, 
and in 1861 he joined the Sixth Texas Cavalry, and was held 
in the latter part of the war a prisoner. The tributes by his 
comrades is evidence of his faithfulness as a Confederate sol- 
dier, and the tradesmen of the city took such part as indicated 
his merits as an honorable business man. 

He is survived by his wife, one son, James Simms, and two 
stepsons, C. T. and W. G. Peterson. 

Samuel L. Richards. 

At Scotland, Va., at the home of his sister, Mrs. Winnie 
Briggs, Samuel L. Richards passed peacefully into another 
world on the t3th of January. He had been in declining 
health for about a year, but not dangerously ill till a short 
time before his death. 

Comrade Richards left the parental roof in 1859, and located 
in Texas and led an active life till the war broke out. Re- 
sponding to the call of his adopted State, he served gallantly 
and bravely for the entire four years as a member of Terry's 
Texas Rangers. After the war he resumed his previous oc- 
cupation, but returned to his native Slate about five years ago, 
welcomed by friends and relatives. By his request, his Con- 
federate badges and old army pistol were placed in the casket 
with him, and tlius he carried to the grave evidence of devo- 
tion to that cause for which he so freely offered up his young 

Capt. Washington Taylor. 

After a severe stroke of apoplexy, Capt. Washington Taylor 
died the following day, February 8, at his home in Norfolk, 
Va. He was one of the best known residents of the city, 
prominent in all circles, and universally esteemed. 

Capt. Taylor was born February 22, 1848, and when but 
fourteen years of age entered the Confederate army, August 
3, 1862. He was appointed courier for the provost marshal 
in Petersburg, where he served till 1804, when he was ap- 
pointed adjutant of a battalion of local troops with the rank 
of lieutenant, and served in Richmond under Maj. H. C. 
Scott until paroled April 27, 1865. 

After the war he entered the business life of his city, an' 
in 1877 e.^tablished the wholesale firm of Washington Taylor 
& Company, with which he was connected till death. He was 
always prominent in business circles, having been Treasurer 
of the old Chamber of Commerce and a member of the Board 
of Trade and Business Men's Association. He was married 
in 1879 to Miss Emily Herinan Whitehead, who, with three 
children, survives him. 

At the time of his death he was Quartermaster General 
of the Grand Camp of Virginia Confederate Veterans, having 
occupied this office continuously since it was created. He had 
served as Commander of Pickett-Buchanan Camp of Norfolk, 
and for many years was Chairman of the Executive Committee 
of that organization, always maniiLsting gieat interest in its 
welfare. He was a member of the Norfolk Light Artillery 
Blues for many years, and acted as commissary of subsistence 
on the staff of the Fourth Virginia Regiment, being retiree 
with the rank of captain. 


Qopfederate l/eterap. 



BiscAYNE, Fla., February 13, 1904. 

To the Confederate Veteran and Daughters of the Confederacy. 

Mrs. Gordon has read with heartfelt appreciation the reso- 
lutions passed by the Camps of Veterans and Chapters of 
Daughters of the Confederacy, and she desires to thank them 
most earnestly for these and all other expressions of their love 
and respect for Gen. Gordon and their sympathy for herself 
and family in this hour of their great sorrow. It is Mrs. Gor- 
don's purpose to send separate acknowledgment to every Camp 
of Veterans and Chapter of Daughters of the Confederacy 
which has sent resolutions passed in regard to Gen. Gordon'.^ 
death, or has taken any part in the tributes paid to liim. It 
has been impossible, however, for her to secure a complete or 
accurate list of those who sent flowers, and in the great num- 
ber of resolutions being sent it is possible that some may go 
astray. She has already learned of several that have not 
reached her. For this reason Mrs. Gordon desires to give ad- 
ditional acknowledgment in this public way. 

In halls of State he lies to-day, 

Our Southland's gifted son; 
And mourning thousands will attest 

His many victories won. 

Victorious over strife and hate 

He stood, the fearless one ; 
And dared to lift his voice for right 

'Mid throngs in Washington. 

In Congress halls, in thrilling tones. 

He told of Southern wrongs. 
How brave he stood 'mid clash of words 

Will history's page adorn! 

On many hard-fought battlefields 

His brilliant record shows; 
From humbler rank to higher place. 

How rapidly he rose ! 

How the dear old veterans loved their chief! 
How they'll miss his words of cheer! 

A brilliant statesman, hero, chief! 

Our Southland mourns to-day. 
In loving tribute all will join 

Who wore the blue and gray. 

Cordelia Ei.izAnETH Mo<ire. 

niniiin^liani, Ala. 

Memokial Exercises in Indian Territokv. 

A large delegation of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
with Division President, Mrs. W. T. Culbertson, of Savannah, 
arrived from South McAlcster and were met by the President 
and nicmber.5 of Chapter No. 40 of Mc.-Mcster, and escorted 
to the Methodist church, where everything was waiting. The 
church was profusely decorated with United States flags and 
Confederate Hags and the national flag of the Choctaw Nation. 
On each side of the pulpit was hung the picture of Gen. 
Gordon. As the procession entered the church. Prof. T. S. 
Slaughter played the death march. Ushers conducted the Vet- 
erans to the right of the pulpit, the Sons to the left, and seated 
the Daughters in the center, seats having been reserved for 

"Let us pass over the river and rest under the shade of the 
trees" was sung by the as.'^enibly. 

Col. James H. Reed, Commander of Jeff Lee Camp, ex- 
plained the object of the meeting. 

Then followed the reporting present of the Daughters of the 
different Chapters and the Camp of Sons of Veterans. 

Official Orders issued by Gen. W. L. Cabel, Commanding 
the Trans-Mississippi Department, and of Gen. John L. Gait, 
Commanding the Indian Territory Division, commending me- 
morial services were read. 

Resolutions of respect to Gen. Gordon, adopted by Jeff Lee 
Camp and by Stonewall Chapter. U. D. C, and Sons of Vet- 
erans, were all read. 

Rev. Brewer delivered an address upon the part of the Vet- 
erans : Mrs. W. T. Culbertson. Division President, made an 
address upon Ihc part of the Daughters; and Dr. A. S. Riddle, 
of South McAlesler, delivered an address on the part of the 
Sons of Confederate Veterans. 

The choir then sang "America." Miss Emma Stalcup, of 
South McAlesler, rendered a fine solo, accompanied by the 
organ, after which the congregation sang "Nearer, My God, 
to Thee," whicli closed the exercises. 

Let us ever cherish with sacred memory the immortal name 
of Gen. John B. Gordon, a soldier, a statesman, a patriot, a 
citizen, and a friend. The wisdom of his counsel is forever 
denied us, yet through the memory of his noble life we shall 
ever feel that inspiration to do and dare which is right. 

It was on the red and rugged hills of Virginia, where the 
blood of our patriot fathers sanctified and made sacred its 
soil, that he wrote his name, and not upon the pinnacle of 
ambition's mount. 

Though that furled flag under which he was laid away will 
never be unfurled again, yet the name and fame of Gen. John 
B. Gordon will live through the succeeding generations. The 
life and character of this sainted hero will long be fresh in the 
memory of the South. The speaker said of him personally: 

"I knew him in the private walks of life. I saw him in the 
quiet association of his friends, and the very atiuosphere 
seemed laden with love and lender compassion. I saw him 
when the political passion liad taken possession of the reason 
of mankind. I watched him unsheath his glistening sword of 
argument and debate and thrust it deep into the heart of 
wrong and political oppression ; I saw him stand proud and 
erect, but not exultant over the corpse of the political op 
pressor made lifeless by the sword of his brilliant genius. I 
heard him pray to the God whom he loved and whose man- 
dates he acknowledged with humble submission and adoration." 

Gen. Gordon Mourned in Missouri. 

Gen. Elijah Gates, Major General Commanding the U. C 
\'. of Missouri, states: "Citizen, soldier, statesman — he has 
left his impress on the pages of history, and the world is bet- 
ter that he lived." 

Gen. Gates designated Sunday, Jan. 31, 1904, as a day to be 
observed as memorial day by every Camp in the State ; that 
they meet in their halls or in convenient churches and "liold 
memorial services for our loved and lamented commander." 

Camp Cundiff, No. 807, U. C. V., held a very impressive 
memorial service in the Francis Street M. E. Church, South, 
at St. Joseph. Gen. Gates presided. 

Capt. John C. Landis, .\djutant General of the Division, 
read the general order convening the meeting. 

Dr. C. M. Bishop, pastor of the Church, delivered an able 
and touching address on the character and life of Gen. Gor- 
don. The music for the occasion was highly appropriate. 

The resolutions, which were offered by Col. James W. Boyd, 
Judge John H. Duncan, and Capt. Rufus H. Todd, Commander 


Qopfederate l/eteraQ. 

of the Camp, were adopted by a rising vote. They were as 
follows : 

"G«n. John B. Gordon was an ideal soldier, a fearless and 
chivalric fighter, a great general, a true statesman and honest 
man, pure in thouglu, gentle in words, kind in acts, with a 
heart full of love for all mankind and an abiding faith in his 
Father in heaven. 

"Whether riding through the fiery furnace of war, or en- 
joying the sweet repose of peace, in victory or in defeat, in 
prosperity or adversity, he always followed the path of recti- 
tude as he understood it with an unyielding and deathless de- 
votion. No sacrifice was too great for him to make; no suf- 
fering too severe for him to endure; no obstacle sufficient to 
deter him when duty called. 

"In the beginning, from a high sense of honor, the captain 
clamored for service in the Confederate army. Soon the world 
saw him win renown at Seven Pines, was thrilled with his 
martial fury at Malvern Hill; was lost in admiration and 
wonder at his prowess at Sharpsburg, where he held back four 
intrepid lines of blue with or.e thin line of gray till his own 
body was pierced with five balls, the last one striking him 
squarely in his face. 

"Again, when these wounds had partly healed, we see the 
flash of his saber in the death revel at Chancellorsville ; we 
hear his command ringing through the direful, dismal, bloody 
thicket at the Wilderness. At Spottsylvania, when one of liis 
men seized the bridle rein of Gen. Lee, he gave his pledge to 
his great commander to make that glorious retrieve. We fol- 
low him through the raging volcano at Gettysburg, and 
later we see him lead the last charge of the lost Confederacy 
at the conclusion of the great tragedy, which dosed at Appo- 

"Then he surrendered in good faith, sheathed his sword, and 
became a grand and noble citizen of our entire country. 

"No wonder they twice made him Governor of his State. 
With love and devotion his people gladly sent and resent him 
to the Senate of the United States. 

"No honor was too great for him to deserve, nor too high 
for them to confer upon him. 

"He was Commander in Chief of the United Confederate 

"The last order issued from the headquarters of that organi- 
zation announces: 'He is dead.' 

"The last of the rank is gone. 

"The last salute of seventeen guns the Confederate soldier is 
to ever hear has been fired, but the valediction it bears will 
echo through the camps for a thousand years, and its rever- 
berations will never die. 

"Ihere are lights which the "taps' cannot put out, there are 
lives whicli death cannot extinguish. The requiem may be 
sung or taid, the eulogies may be ended, the tents may be 
struck, the flags may droop at half-mast, the funeral parade 
may be over, the muffled drums may cease to beat, the last 
salute may be fired, taps may be sounded, the captains and 
the camps, the ranks and the file may depart, the dust may be 
consigned, the grave may be closed, the sun may go down, and 
darkness shroud the earth, but — 

"Gen. Gordon still lives. He can never die. 

"Resolved, That with heartfelt anguish and sorrow, we de- 
plore his loss to our common country. 

"Resolved, That we extend congratulations to every Camp 
of the United Confederate Veterans, to every Confederate sol- 
dier living or dead, to the noble men and women of the South, 
to the brave and kind-hearted people of the North, the East, 

and the West, that such a man as John B. Gordon lived in 

"Resolved, That our order has sustained an irreparable loss. 

"Resolved, That we tender to Mrs. Gordon, the brave and 
noble woman who followed his fortunes in war and in peace, 
and to the other members of his family, our deepest sympathy. 
May a divine Providence keep 'watch and ward' over them, 
and may the memory of his life ever be to them and us a holy 
inspiration 1 

"Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the records 
of our Camp, and that a copy be mailed to the Confederatk 
Veteran for publication, and that the resolutions be forwarded 
to Mrs. Gordon and the family of our departed comrade." 

Public Service at WArrensburg, Mo. 

At a memorial service to Gen. Gordon at Warrensburg, Mo., 
Miss Edmonda A. Nickerson made an address, in which she 

"This reunited country owes a great deal to this dead sol- 
dier. He was everywhere and under all circumstances the 
strenuous advocate of harmony, reconciliation, and peace; and 
from his high stations in political life he ever sought to heal 
the antagonisms of sectional strife, to save the coming genera- 
tion from a heritage of bitterness and hate, and to lead the 
people all over this land to love one another again. And thus 
it is that this great country, from one confine to the other, 
will regret his death and do honor to his memory as one of 
those illustrious men that the great God in his goodness has 
sent upon the earth to lift up this republic to the highest pin- 
nacle of national greatness and to do honor and glory to the 
.•\merican name. 

"And as for the dead warrior, statesman, and orator, the 
whole world knows that it is now all well with him. His 
whole career was the life of a Christian man. In the silent 
communion of his lent, on the battlefield launching thunder- 
bolts of war, and in the quietude of domestic life, he lived 
in the continual presence of the Almighty Being and drew all 
his heroic inspiration from him." 

Daughters in Clinton, Mo., Pay Tribute. 

The ladies of the K. K. Salmon Chapter, U. D. C, met Jan- 
uary 20, igo4, at the home of Dr. John H. Britts, Clinton, Mo., 
in a memorial service to honor Gen. John B. Gordon, whose 
death occurred recently. 

Though the rain poured all day, there was a large at- 
tendance of the members, the Confederate Veterans of the 
city, and a few friends. 

"America" was sung by the ladies of the Chapter, then the 
roll was called, and answered by every member with quotations 
or original sentences expressing their high appreciation for the 
exalted services of the great hero and statesman, and testifying 
to the lender love of all the people of the United States. 

Then an address was given by Judge James B. Gantt, of the 
Missouri Supreme Court, who served in the Virginia Army of 
the Confederacy, and who participated in many of the memo- 
rable battles where Gen. Gordon was one of the commanders. 
His relation of incidents was very interesting and sometimes 
pathetic. Judge Gantt was followed by John Temple Graves, 
the great Georgia orator, who paid a most eloquent tribute to 
the ladies of the South, and spoke of the rich heritage Gen. 
Gordon left to the country in so pleasing a manner as to excite 
the enthusiasm of all present. 

In the absence of llie President and Vice President, the meet- 
ing was presided over by the Secretary of the Chapter with 
grace and dignity. 

Qoijfedsrat^ l/eterai), 


The service was concluded by a song, "Tenting On the Old 
Camp Ground," in which the Veterans and others joined. 

G. A. R. Veterans Honor Gordon. 

The O. M. Mitchel Post, of Atlanta, held a meeting in honor 
of Gen. Gordon's memory, and the following resolutions 
were adopted : 

"Whereas the courage of conviction cherishes no resentment 
in the hearts of those who are willing to imperil their lives in 
the maintenance of their standard of duty ; and whereas the 
sentiment, 'Enemies in war; in peace, friends,' has been con- 
spicuously exemplified in the life and character of Gen. John 
B. Gordon, whose broad liberality and never-failing courtesy 
have made him the exemplar of all that brave men love and 
the world admires; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That in the death of Gen. John B. Gordon we 
recognize an irreparable loss — great not only to his comrades 
in arms but to his country at large. He passes from our 
midst with the proud distinction of capturing, in time of 
peace, the heart of every gallant soldier who opposed and de- 
feated his cause in war. We each feel that we honor our- 
selves in paying this tribute to his memory. Gen. Gordon's 
record as a soldier reflects additional luster upon the arms of 
his antagonists. He was a leading advocate of peace and good 
will between those once engaged in deadly strife — in reestab- 
lishing that spirit of unity and reconciliation without which 
we would remain in constant peril as a nation. We feel grate- 
ful to him ; we honor, love, and respect him," 

By Gordon's Bier. 

In the center of the capital building the body had been 
placed. Heaped on every side of the coffin a bank of flowers 
was piled in profusion, sent by loving hands from many 
States, while at his head there rested a floral banner of the 
Confederacy, with the last battle flag worked out in roses and 

On all sides of the dome above the bier the battle flags of 
the Confederacy drooped at half-mast. 

A gray-headed veteran leadine a curly-haired child by 
the hand was among the number that passed the casket to take 
a last look at his beloved commander. The child's gaze fell 

1 ^ 

K ■ - «^ ■ • JBSKS 

\M, • rM 

3HH3!*' 1 ! ' ^Ld 



=& Tf^" - .-. 



"n<: ■ J 

below the coffin lid and saw only the bank of flowers. "Ain't 
the flowers pretty?" broke in the childish voice. "But what 
does it all mean, grandpa?" 

A. C. Ferguson. 
McElhaney Camp, of Lebanon, Va., sends resolutions on 
the death of A. C. Ferguson, who was lieutenant of Company 
G of the Twenty-Ninth Regiment of Virginia Infantry, and 
one of its best and most valued members. 

Tribute to Gordon. — "Jim Moss" Camp of U. C. V., of 
Arlington, Ky., met on the i6th of January, and through a 
committee appointed for the purpose, composed of W. H. Mc- 
Murray, J. H. McConnell, and W. J. Gweder, paid a tribute of 
love and respect to the memory of Gen. Gordon. 

Veterans Are Crossing Over. — E. R. MacKethan, Com- 
mander North Carolina Division, United Sons of Confederate 
Veterans, writes in the Fayetteville Standard: "Since our last 
issue the grim specter. Death, has again passed, noiselessly and 
unseen, through the sadly depleted Gray Camp, 'making up 
his detail for to-day,' and an important one it is — 'a lieutenant 
general, a major general, two captains, and a private.' Surely 
this tour of duty must be an important one. . . . And, as 
we follow to the bank and try to look beyond, we fancy that 
we see a mighty host standing at attention in silent and serried 
rank, and then turning and looking back on the Gray Camp, 
scattered and tattered, we see the reason for the detail for 
to-day, for the bulk of the army is already massed on the 
other side. They are only waiting for the rear guard to join 
them, when, forever united, they will pitch their tents 'under 
the shade of the trees' that are beside 'the pure river of the 
water of life.' And here there be other 'American' hosts and 
other 'American' heroes, and hosts and heroes of all nations, 
for the watchword is 'Peace' and the water of the river is 
'pure and clear as crystal' and 'the leaves of the tree for the 
healing of the nations.' " 

'1 he motto of this book might well be : "Strike, but hear." 
The author did not conceal from himself or his readers the 
fact that his sidj of the money question has had to run the 
gantlet of ridicule and prejudice — owing, as he believes, to 
a misconception of the facts and principles involved in its 
consideration. His earnestness warms into enthusiasm. His 
spirit is fair, his candor transparent. That he has given thor- 
ough study to his subject, no reader can doubt. That he aimed 
to maintain a judicial frame of mind throughout the entire dis- 
cussion seems to us clear, albeit at times he exhibits a little 
impatience in dealing with perversity that looks almost as if 
it were willful and ignorance that refuses instruction. It will 
be easier to denounce and satirize this book than to disprove 
its facts and refute its arguments. It holds that the so-called 
demonetization of silver was largely blameworthy in its mo- 
tive, unconstitutional in its method, and will surely prove 
more and more di.^astrous in its effects. What, is said will 
startle some of its readers, displease some, and convince some. 
Every citizen who wishes to get a clear and full understanding 
of this vital question will do well to read it. He who fails to 
do so will himself be the loser — so we think and make free 
to declare. 

•The Thirty Years' War on Silver. B; A. I« Fitzgerald, Judge of Ihe 
Supreme Court of Nevad.i. Ainsworlli & Company, Publishers, Chicago, III. 
Pages 364. Price, $1.50. For sale by Hunter & Wetburn, Nashville, Tenn. 


Qoofederate Ueterap. 



Comrades, hear the war drum rattle, 
Trumpets, too, call to the battle. 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake, Dixieland! 
The voice of Justice cries: "I need you!" 
Honor shouts : "Southrons, I'll lead 
you !" 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake I 

Ho, awake. Dixieland ! 

I'm glad I live in Dixie, 
Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 
In Dixie's land I'll take my stand 
To live or die in Dixie. 
I will live, I will live, 
I will live for God and Dixie. 

Hark, the words of proud Oppression, 
"Sunny land, Glory's possession." 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake I 

Ho, awake, Dixieland ! 
"Thy white cotton fields, I crave them, 
Thy mounts rich with gold, I'll have 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake, Dixieland ! 

Right, which God withholds from no 

man ; 
Purity, jewel of woman. 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake. Dixieland ! 
Clasp ye hands before the altar, 
Swear that ye will never falter. 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake, Dixieland ! 

Rouse, ye sons of might and duty ; 
Wake, ye daughters, types of beauty. 

Ho, awake I Ho, awake I 

Ho, awake. Dixieland I 
Strike, ye brave, like bolts of thunder ! 
Fair ones work till foes shall wonder I 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake. Dixieland! 

Hark, the shouts of triumph ringing! 
Hark, the pa;ans fair ones singing! 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake, Dixieland ! 
"God of justice, thou hast blessed us! 
God in holy love e'er rest us!" 

Ho, awake ! Ho, awake ! 

Ho, awake, Dixieland ! 

Slfr SabrrtBon - l^f mpIjUl 
JIurrl]aBing Aiirnry. 

923 Sljtrli Afarmif, 
Zamabillr. SCtj. 

Shopping of all kinds g^WeD prompt attention. 
Gowns made. Satisfaction guaranteed. 


Dr. Stevens-Noyes, Rochester, N. Y. 
is in receipt of a letter from one of the 
leading physicians of the State of Ken- 
tucky, who by the use of the Dr. Ste- 
vens's Elast India Consumption Cure 
saved his wife from this terrible disease 
after fourteen years of sickness and sus- 
pense. A copy of this letter, which is a 
powerful testimonial to the efficacy of 
Dr. Noyes's remedy, with hundreds of 
other testimonials, is sent free, together 
with symptom blanks, etc., to all who 
suffer from Consumption, Asthma, Ca- 
tarrh, etc., by addressing Dr. Stevens- 
Noyes, Rochester, N. Y. The advertise- 
ment of Dr. Noyes appears elsewhere in 
this paper. 


The above is the title of a delightful 
little volume of 220 pages by Maj. D. 
Humphreys, which has just come from 
the presses of the Neale Publishing Com- 
pany, of New York and Washington. 

Maj. Humphreys was a member of the 
original Soncwall Brigade, and later 
served with Ashby's Cavalry Command, 
and always as a gallant soldier. In this 
little volume Maj. Humphreys has set 
down a wealth of personal experiences 
and reminiscences in a style at once 
graceful and charming. The book is 
full of those little touches that give the 
reader a clearer and more intimate in- 
sight of the events of the great struggle 
narrated than could the most pretentious 

The typography and presswork of the 
book arc excellent, and the volume has 
a handsome frontispiece picture of the 
author in uniform. Pp. 223; $1.50, post- 
I)aid. — Virginian-Pilot. 


Inf>!<Ocii.....s cut iif .'Very tliousnmi thndireo 
tioiLs whu-h iKN-.tmiiany h i»bvsii-uiirs prowrip- 
tinn of iiruiirii-tury iiio<liiino"toll v,u to fjiko a 
Jcvs thn-por four tiiiKsaday. oitlitT Ix'foroor 
after m*.Mls Riui on (fuiiij; to bt' I. In IHW cases 
out of a t liou.'v'-.nd this rule is never htri.tly fol- 
lowed. You start in to oKservo it ri-liuiously, 
imd suoved pretty w.ll at llrst. but soon von 
l>,'i;in toskij)dos<-s. tlieu the nuilieine fails in its 
iutvnr.i'd etTect. Ifs so easy lo lorget. 

It tho remedy is a liiniid. tlielmsiness man 
lost-» a dose in tlia middle of tlio dav, unlcos 
some thou^jhtful wife, niollier. or sLster icivas 
him a sikkju and makes him take an extra liot- 
tlo to thoollico. Jlost men hate to do tliis. If 
tho medieino is in fahli-l form, the eliames aro 
he will never think of it imt 11 he reaehes for ear 
laro on his way home. It's so easy lo lorgtL 
This applies to men ami women alike. 

Tho proprietors of Vernal l':.lmettona (for- 
merly known nn V -rnal Saw- Palmetto ll.rry 
Wine) had s'nso and foresi(iht cnonnh to nuik'u 
their remedy so that only one dose a day is nee- 
es.sary. It is easy lo remember to take itafter tho meal or on noin« to l)ed. It stands in nelass 
h.V itself. If you arejiostorod with iiidij-i'stion. 
constimtion. liver trouble, bowel trouble, or 
any skin afflirtion resullinit fr.mi bad blood. 
Vernal Palmctt^ma is what vou need. Try it at 
our>. Write for a free sample bottle. It 
will do youjL'ood. Adiiress Vernal liemiHlv Co., 
•V'T Seneia Building, Buftulo, X. V. Sold at all 
druKgists. a 

Mrs. Ed Rodgers, of Hillsboro, Tex., 
seeks information as to the company and 
regiment to which her father belonged. 
He was James C. Sininions, of Tennes- 
see, and was a lieutenant and stationed 
at Columbus, Ky., in 1861. She thinks 
he must have belonged to a Tennessee 
regiment raised at or near Dresden, 

In the notice about the encampment of 
the Florida Division a mistake was made 
in giving the place of meeting as Orlando, 
as it was held at St. Augustine. Ex- 
Gov. Francis P. Fleming was elected 
Brigadier General for the Second Bri- 
gade, vice Ballcntine, promoted to Major 
General. Gov. Fleming was unanimously 
elected by the Camps on January 4, and, 


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I Al I 1^1 I l'r""si. White, crisp cards ta 
V.^ril-1-lllVJ full „y,j Two-cent stamp foe 

CARDS "■"''" 

The Ohio Plate Co.. DepL C, Cincinnati, 0. 

in obedience to Special Orders No. 10, 
assumed command of the brigade and 
appointed Col. A. D. Williams, M.D., his 
adjutant general. 


to California points via Iron Mountain 
Route, leaving St. Louis 8:30 a.m. daily 
for Los Angeles via "True Southern 
Route;" also tourist sleeping cars on 
this same train for Los Angeles and San 
Francisco every Wednesday and Thurs- 
day. Best Winter Route to California. 
For further information, call on or ad- 
dress R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A., 
Room 202 Equitable Building, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Agents of either sex should to-day 
■vrite Marsh Manufacturing Co., 538 
Lake Street, Chicago, for cuts and par- 
ticulars of their handsome Aluminum 
Card Case with your name engraved on 
it and filled with one hundred calling 
or business cards. Everybody orders 
them. Sample case and one hundred 
^ards, postjiaid, forty cents. This case 
ind one hundred cards retail at seventy- 
ive cents. You have only to show sample 
•.0 secure an order. Send forty cents in 
ftamps at once for case and one hun- 
Ired cards before some one gets ahead 
if you. 

Qoijfederate Ueterap 



Catarih inalandicd ailment of coDsumplion, long con- 
sidered iucurablt;; aud yet there is one remedy that will 
pusitivtily cure cutai'ih iu anr of ils uLages. For mi\ny 
yeara tins remedy was used "by the late 1)T. Stevens, a 
widely uuled auLlioiity on all dibeasea of the throat and 
lungs. Having tested its wondeilul curative powers m 
thousands vt ca-iHs, and desiring to relieve human aul- 
ferin^, 1 will send iree of cliarge tii all Bullerers from Ca- 
tarrh, ABthma, CoDnumptioo, and nervoua diseases, this 
r«cipe. In German, French, or English, with lull airec- 
tions (or preparing and using. Sent by mail, by address- 
log, with stamp, naming this paper, W. A. Soyea, 847 
Powers Block, Rncheaier, N. Y. 



"Father, I'll go!" Our country's call 
Had summoned the brave to fight. 

"You are too young ! You arc my all ! 
My son, can this be right ?" 

Ever, till now, had youthful choice 

Yielded to parent's nod ; 
To his brave heart his country's voice 

Is as the voice of God. 

It is his country's hour of need! 

Heartbreak, handclasp, good-bye ! 
He rides away on gallant steed 

To tight — perhaps to die. 

Mother and sister, sad your lot. 

It was his country's call. 
His lonely grave is a hallowed spot. 

Your tears forever fall. 

Our best and bravest, went they forth 

To nobly do their part. 
We prize them for the priceless worth 

Of each heroic heart ! 

Buried beneath the soil they loved, 

Or toiling, struggling on; 
Heroes who have their valor provcil. 

Our hearts' applause have won 

Dr. R. R. McGregor, of Covington, 
Tenn., wants to know if Miss Eliza Ha- 
ley, of 1864, is still alive. She was a 
sister of tlic Haley in the firm of Hill 
& Haley, of Memphis, Tenn., cotton mer- 
chants of that time. The Doctor says 
that if she never changed her name some 
man lost a fortune, as she proved her 
worth to the poor Confederate soldiers. 

Capt. D. Eldredge, Historian Third 
N. H. Volunteers, No. 36 Bromfield 
Street, Boston, Mass., wishes to corre- 
spond with some survivor of "the fifty" 
officers who were sent to Hilton Head, 
1864, to be placed under fire, but were 
not. He also says: "The records dis- 
close the fact that among the burials 
of the dead at Gettysburg was a female 
soldier — Confederate. There should be 
a story connected with the case." Who 
can write it up? 


I Ilost (nuifh Syrup. I'asti'.H (iooil. 
In time. Sold by druculsts- 


"On the Parallels; or, A Story of the 
Rappahannock" is a record of active 
service by a private, Mr. Benjamin Bor- 
ton, "on the other side," a member of 
the Twenty-Fourth New Jersey Volun- 
teers. The book is dedicated "to all those 
who died and suffered from the effects 
of the Civil War." It is well written, 
free from all prejudice, and gives the 
daily routine life of a private in camp, 
on the march, and in battle so faithfully 
as to be interesting to every old soldier, 
Confederate or Federal. There is not 
quite as much humor in it is there might 
be, for which the author, however, is ex- 
cusable, as his first experience with us 
was at Fredericksburg with his command 
in the assaulting column on Maryc's 
Heights, and his next and last was at 
Chancellorsville, on Hooker's right, 
where Stonewall Jackson struck — times 
and circumstances not altogether as 
cheerful for him as they might have 


In her latest book Miss Glasgow has 
given a picture of life in the tobacco re- 
gions of Virginia. The time is during 
the last twenty years, and the characters 
are persons of the war period and of the 
present generation. The novel is of 
large scope, with strong delineation of 
character, and the plot decidedly 
original. The story is of absorbing in- 
terest, and the style of literature distinct 
and fine. Illustrated in colors. 

Published by Doublcday, Page & Co., 
New York City. Price, $1.50. 

without change of cars via Iron Moun- 
tain Route in elegant Pullman sleeping 
cars, leaving St. Louis 8:40 I'.M. daily 
via Laredo Gateway. Shortest and 
quickest line. Excursion tickets now on 
sale. For further information, call on 
or address R. T. G. Mattliews, T. P. A., 
Room 202 Equitable Bldg., Louisville, 

.\. W. McCants, of Pinckneyville, 111., 
is anxious to find in what company and 
regiment Joshua McCants enlisted. He 
was in a Texas regiment of cavalry, and 
thinks he was first lieutenant and after- 
wards acted as captain. 

In the sketch of Comrade J. J. Mai 
lard, given in the January number of 
I he Veteran, a mistake was made in 
saying "he moved to Cherokee County. 
.Ma," as it should have been Cherokee 
County, Tex. 



Wounds, Bruises, 
Burns, Sprains, 
Colic,Cramps, Indi- 
gestion, Diarrhoea, 
Flux, Head- 
ache and Neu- 
ralgia , 


10 Cents Per Bottle. 

Larger Sizes, 50 Cents and $1.00 


Mrs. Sallie Lee McCandless, of Merid- 
ian, Tex., writes that if the friends of 
Bird Dar, of Missouri, do not know his 
fate in the war, she will be glad to tell 
them about it. Mrs. McCandless was 
then Sallie Lee Wortham, of Graves 
County, Ky. 

Sterling Price Camp, of Bozeman, 
Mont., at its annual election in Novem- 
ber, 1903, elected the following officers: 
Commander, C. P. Blakely ; Lieutenants, 
A. J. Smith, H. F. Cowherd, Charles 
Kreeling, E. D. Ferguson ; Quartermas- 
ter, G. B. Williams; Adjutant, White 



, Tc 


•..ilrndula, lorc- 
il>M^, tnnn.i, Agti.Tlum, SD^iiidr.iijnn. Ctiinci^c 
'rimrosc.Swcci Alvsum. Fo\-(;lo\ c Gil in. Mon- 
ey Vine. Balloon Vine. B.-)b> Breath, JtUit Bella 
IScotlnifi. EautemStar. Pctuoin, Mixed Haisy, 
^, Mixed A<^(eni, BcRonia. Mixed Pot'pv. MiKnon- 
Calhopsis, Porlulaca, Sncei Peas. Cypress 
. Pansy(mixe(l), Sunflower. Sal vifl. Balsam 

■ «>llc(i[.^D ef 50 Chnlcc 
15 Bulbifor KiraCiD 
VIII (end ^ttA Cbcik BDd. 



^SiaElman's Dresser Trunk 

/Knsvto pelat t'ViT.vthiiih' witht'iit 
(iisiurhiiiff anythitiK. No failcue 
ill imckinSHiul unpJirkitiK. Light, 
Ktrmig, riioiuy drawurs. Holds aa 
iiuich ami cosla uo more than a 
pood box triiiit. Haiul-rivetpd ; 
strongest tninlc made. In small 
room s»TVisiischi(Tonier. C.O.D. 
Willi privil»'ER of exumlaatlon. 

2c. »(niiip for CoUloK. 

F. A.smiMAN II4 y.SpriDgSL, Columbos^a 


Qor>federat^ l/eterai>, 


(To be sung to air of " Bonrie Blue l-'lii?.") 

O yes, we all are Southern men, 

And love the tale to tell 
How in the past our noble sires 

So bravely fought and fell. 
They fought for Southern liberty 

With courage grand, sublime; 
Their praises shall go sounding down 

The corridors of time. 

Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For the men who fought for right ! 
They made a glorious record, and 

Their sons will keep it bright. 

O yes, we all are Southern men, 

Who proudly tell the world 
We love our Southern banner, 

Though it be forever furled. 
We love the men who fought beneath 

The glorious Stars and Bars ; 
Their glorious record shall remain 

While night brings out the stars. 


"The Life and Letters of Robert Lewis 
Dabney," by Thomas Gary Johnson, re- 
cently published by the Presbyterian 
Committee of Publication, Richmond, 
Va., is one of those rare books which are 
interesting not only to the general read- 
er but to the special student. As pastor, 
educator, philosopher, and soldier, Dr. 
Dabney touched life at all points. 

The book is largely autobiographical. 
for Dabney was a great letter writer of 
the old school, and it is this personal 
element which gives tone and color to the 
narrative. He was always a serious stu- 
dent, but he had a fine sense of humor 
and told an anecdote well. His letters 
to his mother and brothers, and later to 
his wife, often sparkle with fun and good 

The life of the South as shown in his 
own home and in the letters of his more 
mature age is simple and charming. H' 
painted with fidelity the hardships and 
disadvantages as well as the pleasures 
and attractions of the planter's life, and 
throws real light on the social, political, 
and industrial organizatinn of the South 
and on the homes, employments, culture, 
and religion of the people. Students of 
our ante-bellum civilization and the his- 
torian who is endeavoring to reconstruct 
a society which disappeared with the 
Great War will find the book invaluable. 

The fine account of the structure and 
functions of the old Virginia Gourt, the 

pictures of eminent jurists and states- 
men, will be of great interest to lawyers; 
while his personal reminiscences of 
Stonewall Jackson, whose distinguished 
chief of staff he was, his narrative of 
camp life, and his understanding of Jack- 
son's campaigns will delight all old Con- 
federate veterans. Taken all in all, few 
books have been produced in recent years 
of greater interest and value to all classes 
of readers. See advertisement in this 



A few copies of Gen. Longstreet's 
book are on sale by the Veteran at a 
special price in connection with sub- 
scription. The volume is elegantly got- 
ten up, and is of choice literary merit. 
Contains 32 illustrations and 16 maps. 
648 pages. Bound in cloth the price is 
$4 ; in sheep, $5. A year's subscription 
to the Veteran is given with every or- 
der at above prices. Send your order 



The phenomenal career of Gen. For- 
rest is without parallel in our country's 
history, and Dr. Wyeth tells the story 
well and in a style clear and pleasing. 
The book is illustrated by pictures of the 
General's subordinate officers, and has a 
good map of the whole field of opera- 
tions. Price, $4; with a year's subscrip- 
tion to the Veteran, $4. 


Xo nood of <-uttinff <'tT n woniiiirs l>ri'a-'it or a 
man's chtH'k or iioso in a vaiii Htt^-inpt to cure 
rancor. Xo nt^xl of applying 1>urniii^i>UL'4ters 
to the flc^h and torturint; those alrraily weak 
from sulferin^r. Soothinn. I'ulmy, aromatic oUa 

frive Kiifo, sp^Mtly. and OTtaiu cure. Tho most 
lorriMo fonu.s of cnniiT of the face, lirt>ast, 
womb, mouth. Ftomach : hirjre tumors, uj^ly ul- 
cers, ilstuLi. Ciit;trrli: t«'rrilileskiu di<t'ascs. etc., 
are all suiicssfully tivut<'<l by lli.'apiili.ationot 
vainous foruLs of simple oils. Si-iid for a book, 
mailed friM*. jriving i>arti<'ulai^ and prit-wj of 
( )ils. Address the Dr. D. M. Bye Co., P. O. ~ 



The author was a member of Bell's 
Brigade, Buford's Division of Forrest's 
Cavalry, and in the book is included a 
history of Forrest's Cavalry for the last 
fifteen months of the war. Contains 
644 octavo pages, well illustrated. Price, 
$2 ; with a year's subscription to the 
N'eteran, $2.50. 

me;, Dallas. Tex. 




This is the most comprehensive his- 
tory yet written of the life and military 
career of Stonewall Jackson. The book 
is in two volumes, containing nearly 
one thousand pages. Bound in cloth. 
Price, $4; with a year's subscription to 
the Veteran, $4.35. 



This autobiography of Gen. French 
gives the story of his military career with 
the candor of a truthful witness on the 
stand in a case involving life, and his 
testimony will bear the most rigid in- 
vestigation. It is the history of service 
in the Mexican and Confederate wars, 
and should have a place in the library 
of all lovers of true history. Bound in 
cloth, and handsomely illustrated. Price, 
$2; with a year's subscription to the 
Veteran, $2.50. 



In praise of this book there has been 
no dissenting voice. It is written in an 
entertaining style, and the descriptions 
of battles and war incidents are most 
vivid and interesting. The trustworthi- 
ness of the narrative is enhanced by the 
admirable spirit of the author. Price, 
$3 ; with a year's subscription to the 
Veteran, $3.50. 

In writing to advertisers mention the 

f WiLL GIVE YOU " »"'-• »"""'^ 



^—, Just write mo tun namus of spectacle wearers and 1 will do this:— t'lrst I will mull 
^r you my perfect Home Eve Tester Free. Then (after you have sent me your test) 1 will 
' mall you a full »2.r>U family set of spectacles (which will wear yourself and family u llfo- 
tlniei for only Sl.Uli— and with this I will also send a Uandsonie Kolled Gold Pair I'ree. My 
regular (.rice for this full family set of spectaclesls $2.50 and your home dealers are charKlntt 
from $2.50 to J5.Q0 a pair for them, which would make this .set cost you about $1U.U0 If you bought 
them from your home merchant. I am really giving away the wlioN- set free (the dollar 1 will ask you 
to send lue with your test is onlv to pav for this announcement). I am lining this for a short time 
oiil.v, just to prove to you and all other spectacle wearers in the United States that my spcrtaclcs— 
the IJr. Haux ''Famous Perfect." Vision Spectacles— are tho most perfect lltting. clearest and the best 
that money can huv. and I'll give you your dollar back and let you keej) the spectacles also If 3'OU 
voui'McIf don't say they are the best and hnest you have ever bought at any price. Address;- 
hR. il.WX SPK<;T.'lCfcE CO., ST. I,OCI!«, MO. prl W.\XT .tWKXTS AI,80. 
NOTE.— The above Is the largest spectacle house In the United States and is thoroughly reliable. 

Qoofederate l/eteraij. 






New St. Charles 


Modern. Fireproof. Flrsl-Cless. 

Accommodates One Thousand Guests. 
American and €uropean Plant. 




«C>C^OC> C^OC^C^C^Ci'OCi'* 


An Old and Wei l-Tr ied Remedy. 


lins l..'.u ils.-cl li'i "xvr MXT^ ^ K.M.S l,v MILLI.iNS ol 
MOTIIKK^ f.'l llliir Cim.UKKN Willi, K 11,1/1 HIXC!, 
WITH l'I.I!l-K(T SUOKSS. It SOoTH IS 1 1,.. ( IIILI), 
1 eOKTF.NS llip (U'MS. AI.L.We nil P MN; lIUKS WIND 
I COI.IC. auil ia llielicst reniwly fni DURRHKA. golj liy 
Dnii^gists 111'iv pnrt ol llip wmM, lie sure In ask fi^r 


AfJIi T.\i;K no (ITHl.R KIXIl. 


Raii-w.w Ticket Protective Bureau 
Wins Victory in Atlanta. 

Severance & Weinfeld and Isemaii & 
Moore, two ticket brokerage firms wliich 
have lor many years done business in 
Atlanta, bnve closed their offices and re- 
tired permanently from the ticket broker- 

:c business, so there are now no ticket 

okcrs in Atlanta. 

The closing of these offices is the re- 
Milt of skillful work done by the Rail- 
way Ticket Protective Bureau, which 
"as organized by the railroads at the sug- 
Rcstion of William A. Pinkerton, head 

■ the celebrated Pinkerton Detective 

igcncy, on the same general lines as the 
jewelers' Security .Mliance and the 
American Bankers' Protective Bureau. 

The depredations of the ticket brokers 
"pon the revenues of the railroads in the 
nited States and the extent to which 
liic influence of certain scalpers had per- 
meated the offices of the railroads, so 

!iat clerks and others having access to 

ikcts could find a ready market for 
'>lcn tickets, had grown to such an ex- 

' nt that it became absolutely necessary 
'r the railroads to take active measures 

ijainst them. 

The bureau had accumulated consid- 
erable evidence which it was about to 
submit to the courts, when, on the 14th 
day of January, J. P. Billups, General 
Passenger Agent of the Atlanta and 
West Point Railroad, reported to Joseph 
Richardson, the Atlanta representative 
of the bureau, that he had just discov- 
ered that forty mileage tickets, repre- 
senting forty thousand miles of trans- 
portation, had been stolen from his ticket 
department. Mr. Richardson immediate- 
ly telegraphed the headquarters of the 
bureau in Chicago, and on the i6th one 
of Pinkerton's expert operatives arrived 
in Atlanta. This operative and his as- 
sistants traced some of these tickets into 
and others out of Severance & Weinfeld's 
office. A clerk in the auditor's office of 
the West Point Route was arrested on 
the charge of larceny and committed to 
jail. He implicated a negro, who was 
found by the Pinkerton people in St 
Louis and taken to .^tlanta. At his pro 
liminary trial he pleaded guilty, and ii 
is understood that Weinfeld and Ste- 
phens will plead guilty when their cases 
are called in the Superior Court. 

Thus far the protective bureau has 
confined its prosecution to the brokers 
themselves ; but it is understood that 
their campaign will in future include pas- 
sengers who travel on scalpers' tickets, 
as it is impossible, it is claimed, for 
them to use tickets obtained from the 
scalpers' offices unless they commit the 
crime known to the law as false imper- 
sonation, which is a felony and is a pen- 
itentiary offense. 

The Great Southwest invites the entire 
North and East to make a tour of inspec- 
tion and recreation to the principal busi- 
ness centers within the boundaries of 
Oklahoma and Indian Territories and 
Texas on February 16, March i, or 
March 15. 

This territory of immetisity in all 
things commands the attention of persons 
interested in the advancement of the edu- 
cational, agricultural, and manufacturing 
growths of our country. Avoid the 
weather extremes of the North and East 
at this season of the year by taking ad- 
vantage of the opportunity afforded in 
the low rates effective on dates men- 
tioned by Frisco System and connecting 
lines via St. Louis and Kansas City 
Gateways. From St. Louis to Oklahoma 
and Indian Territories. $8.50; to Texas, 
$10. From Kansas City and Memphis, 
$6.50 ai>d $8, respectively. Also round- 
trip rate of $15 from St. Louis and 




A record of p,^tisfied customers and 
46ve.Trsof honest de.Tlinji. Irviequatily. .«ityle, 
finish and weight A record any manufact- 
urer niijiht feclproud of. 

Our plain pold rings are sold for as low as 
it is possible to self reliable plumb quality 

No charge for Enpra\-ing: Initials, Motlosor 
names. Write for our ilhislrated catalogue 
of Watclies. Icwelrv. ."^ilvtiware, etc. 

C. p. BARNES &CO. 

,6W :M,nrkct.>^t LOUISVILLF. KY 

Flower Seetis 

Srnd me Four two-rent Stiimps. Hie nmiiia 
and full ncUlressi'S ol t»o ot j .,iir llmv.>r lovinc 
fri.n.Kiinil I "111 iiKul you Four Knsily Grown 
an<t l'oi'iil;ir \ iinnnls I'^oci-iit? valu. , i 

\"tI K^ In. 1 i,iiN,-il. o( all Ixst Tnridlps. 

\ \>'|l |;rn ^IS — "^Pr 20 famous varieties. 

Jv<l\\l. SHOW l>,\NSIFS-"ver mil colors. 

SW I.I r l'i;\!* Ov, rill. 1,01, e varieties. 

,1 I I;-,. .,1 ,-,.i ll Mlllet>'. niv uook. 

"Horill < iiltvire."aril iiij IStnannunl 
catalocne, lUinitier au.l lueltier tliiin 
i",: sent for ONLY 8 C'KNTS ami I lie 
names ami iiililres^es of t».> (lower lovin? 
fn.-ii(ls. Voii ".iTii lorirel il vou «rile Ml". 
ffllSSI. II. l.irriMun, ^>IU., Minn. 




Sj' Capi. "Daxfi'd Htimphreys, 

of J^torfolK.'V^a. 

TKe Neaie PublisKing Co., 
Washington. D. C, and New York. 

"Price, ^1.50, pojipaid. 

VENI, VIDI, VIC 1 1 Eureka, cures Dyspepsia, only. 
Duv&I's Never- Fakil, & positive cure for 

Duv&l's Infallible Pile Cure. 
Duvctl's Herb Cure for Hen\orrK&,ge. 

F. M. DUVAL, 919 Curley St., Baltimore. Md. 



Kansas City to Texas on above dates, 

with liberal stop-over privileges. 

The Frisco System lias four trains 
daily from St. Louis and Kansas City 
I'nion Stations to the Southwest. 


Qof^federate l/eterai>. 

Lapel Buttons. 

Solid Cold - 90c. each 

Rolled Cold Plate - 45c. each 
Cold Plated - 25c. each 

Wrile (or C<.iiiplflc Trlcff No. 17 of C""- 
federate Eml>U-ms ami I-'lugs. 

1231 Pa. Ave., N. W.. Washington, D. C. 




Land Warrants 

Issued to soldiers of aiiT war. Also Soldiers' Ad- 
ditional I lomesteaJ Rights. Write me at once. 
PRANK H. REGER, Earth Block, Denver, Col. 








It gives us pleasure to say that al- 
though the Home Fertilizer Chemical 
Works was burned out in the recent 
great Baltimore fire, that company is now 
rehabilitated and intends to continue 
business. This concern is one of our ad- 
vertisers, and wishes us to state that they 
are in position to handle business as 
promptly as ever. They beg that their 
friends will not withdraw orders from 
them on the fear that they will not be 
able to make prompt shipment. The 
Home Fertilizer Chemical Works is the 
manufacturer of the celebrated "Home 
Fertilizer," "Cerealite Top Dressing," 
and "Yancey's Formula for Yellow Leaf 
Tobacco." They are also large import- 
ers and dealers in agricultural chemicals. 


"The Land We Love," from April, 
1868, to March, 1869. Twelve numbers. 

"The Southern Magazine," from Jan- 
uary. 1871, to December, 1875. Sixty 

"The Southern Bivouac," September, 
1883, to April, 1885, old scries, and from 
June, 1885, to May, 1887, new series. 
Forty-five numbers. 

"Nineteenth Century," Charleston, S. 
C, from June, 1867, to December, 1870. 
Nineteen numbers. 

"New Eclectic," froin A\n\\, 1S69, to 
December, 1870. Twenty-one numbers. 

They are all unbound, but in good or- 
der. .\ddress Nicholas Cuny, Esq., 814 
•S Peter St., New Orleans, La. 


Qenx Pass'R and Ticket Aoent. 



Allaiua unJ West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of Alabama. 

Transcontinental Lines 
Fast Mail Route 

Operating the fastest scheduled train 
in the South. To 


and all Soulliwcs-u-ni ]>oiiUs. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullman 
and tourist sleeping cars. For special 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad- 

.•\ftcr the passage of many years, it has 
become the great desire of A. D. Burk, 
of Richmond, Mo., who was a private in 
the Ninth Iowa Infantry, to return to 
Maj. John J. Wheeden, or some mem- 
ber of his family, a fine watch which he 
look from the Major when captured by 
the Federals. Thinks he was major of a 
.Mississippi regiment. Maj. Wheeden 
was much attached to the watch, whic' 
had been presented to him; but Mr. Biirk 
resisted his entreaties for its return then, 
but now wishes it to become again the 
property of its rightful owner. 

Ill sending a new subscription with 
his renewal, Capt. John Kennedy, of 
Selma, Miss., writes: "After my loved 
ones at home, there is nothing nearer or 
dearer to my heart than the success of 
the Veteran and the uplifting and hon- 
oring of the Confederate veterans and 
the cause for which they fought. Yes, 
a thousand times, long live the Veteran' ! 
And I wish to assure you that my littl-i 
mite will always be forthcoming." 


J. B. Heyward, D. P. A. 
Atlanta, 6a. 





Norfolk & Western 


Solid vestllmlea train Memphis »nd 
Clmttanoopii to Washington. DC. 

SlDepur SKMliphis to WR-shington, Bal- 
timnre Pliiladelphia, and New Yorlf. 
Alw. one Ironi Now Orleans to aamj 
polnta This train runs via Brlntol and 
Lynchbuig Thn Short Line. 

T>ining Car ^er-vice. 

Sleeper Knoxville to New York, le»v- 
inc at 2:86 a.m., open for paasensrerB 
after '.l:ll<IPM. Runs via Brlsti)!. Hak-eri- 
town and Harrishuri;, The Shenandoah 
Valley Koute. LTnsiirpassed for beauti- 
ful scenery. , „ , , , ■ 

All inforuintion i-heerfully furnished. 


Passenger Agent, Knoxvllle. Tenn. 


Western Pass. Agt.. Chattanooga. Tenn. 


General Passenger Agent, Roanoke, Va. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 


Tho majority of 
all cuet-a i>f Spinal 
DiBL-as.B nint Dr- 
forniitive ran I'u 
ruri-d, Yim muy 
doulit tins sditp' 


niciit and ^ 
treat iiii-ii' of n 
Bpinal nmMlioii 
innv JiiKtitv till- 
diMilil. Wiito for 
our book, it will 
coat you iiodiing 
and will t«-II ynu 
what rasfs cnn lie 
cured, nlso wlint 
wo linvo dnnr for 
tiiMiilri'Hs tit t(tHir 
ted pi'opli' diiriiiK 
tho thirty ynrB 
wo havH hi'iMi 
1 iiKBRcit in lliis 




3 100 Pine SI. 


Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

.if All, 

Silk Banners, Swords. Belts, Caps, 

and all kinds of M litnrv Kqnipment 
and Society Goods is at 

Veteran J. A. JOEL & CO., 

I Nassau Street, New York City 

SF.Nll I'OIt l>UtCE LIST. 

Hiiiiaiii Cancer iospitai, 


•Ve Cure Cancers, Tumors, and Chronic 
Sores without the use of the knife. 

; tOaDaySure; 

'^ ^^ fiirtu«h i\,r work nn.l l*arh ?■ 

Send ntyoiir KddrsM 

ii'l we Will ahow you 

K'w tofn&ke t.lftdnf 

l'*olul<'l) fure: «• 

il l«arh Jmu free, ynu work In 

ynii Ine. Si-iiil ua jour ftil<lre<a and *• will 

» Tiilly.romnnihd: 

.*!'>.!.".•"■''■»''•"'"*•'* »"'- WritrMonr„ 

Bol |030> Urtroll, Ulrb. 

I'iaVr/A'" ''"''"•" '»lly,rom«mhf r we guaracUe a r Ir.r profl» 
, Mlor even- day » Work »l'»(il"*-'- •• 

in*t Man! >*( TUtiso CO., 


Stippose the train >ou are on collides ■with 
another, or the biiildiny;- you are in burns, 
or you nicft with some otln-r serious :»c- 

cid'ent; would ihey know who tou are? Our 

Badge — iiuli-structihle — is the only sure 
and safe tneans of identitication. l*articu - 
larlv applicable to ■women and children. 
Badjre and siT\ ice complete for 25c., good 
for one year. S.nd 25c. for a badg-e and 

serv'ice to^daj; tc-morrow mayte too late. Bank 


COMMERCIAL INDEMNITY CO., Depf. V. Wainwright Building, ST.LOUIS 


via Valdosta. Route, from \'aldosta via Georgia 

bonthem ..nd I'lorida Kv., from Maccn 

via Central of Georgia Ry., from 


via Western and AtLintic R. R.> from 



ashv...e, Chattanooga, and St. 1- 

arriving- at 


"Tiitthc Nashv,..e, Chattanooga, and St. Ixiuls R7. 

arriving- at 


over the Illinois Centr.i! R. R. from Martia* Tenxi 




Ticket apents of Ihe Jackson\ ille-St. Louis an6 
Chicago line, and ay;ents of connecting line? Id 
Floricui and the Southeast, vill cive you full In 
formation as to schedules otltiij (louble daily serv 
Ice to St. I-ouis, Chicago, and the Northwest, and 
of train time of lines connecting. They wlU alsc 
sell you tickets and advise } ou as to rates. 

F. D. MILLKR, - • Atlanta, Ga* 

Traveling Passer.ger Agent I. C. R. R. 
WM. SMrrU, JR.. XAsn\au^ Tmrn.. 

Commercial Agent. 


rn TfC. N.. t^Ftma: niiinnd Siu<} iVRldmp for 44- pa IP Uo\.}t 
|>K-.M NkV SMI lH.>peeial int. MK) Olive St.. ^tIA>uli, Ma 

in tk) iiiiiiiitCR 
witn bend, or 

BIG 8 

Chain of 8 Colleger owned bybusinesa 
nien and indorsed by business men. 
Fourteen Cashiers of Banks are on 
our Board of Directors. Our diploma means 
something. Enter any time. Positions secured. 

i Draughon's 
J Practical... 
J Busltiess... 

(Incorporated, Capital &t.>ck SiOii.OiiO.OO.) 
NashvMIe, Tenn. U Atlanta, Ga. 
Ft. Worth. Texas, c Montgomery, Ala. 

St Louis, Mo , Galveston, Texas. 

Little Rock, Ark. A Shrcveport, La. 

For 150 p:i|je catalog-ue address either place. 
If yoa prefer, tiiay pay tuition out of salary af- 
ter coarse Is complctod. Gtiarantce erraduates 
to hpi cntiipptent or uo charges for tuition. 

HOME STUDY: Bookkrepinp, Shorthand, 
Pctmianship, etc., tauirlit bv iti.Til. Write for 
1(X) page BOOKLET ou Uomc Study. Ifs free 


... OR. ... 


From rr. Lovj.y 

and MEMPHI^y 

Affords Tourist, Prospector, 
or Home Seeker the Best 
Service. Fastest Schedule 
to All Points in 


Pullman Sleepers, Free Rk- 
CLiN'iNG CiiAiR Cars on All 
Trains. Low Rates, Free De- 
scriptive Literature. Consult 
Ticket AgentSt or address 

H. C. Townsend 

St. Loirxs, Mo. 

R. T. G. Matthews 

T. P. A. 

Louisville, Kv. 


Qopfederate L^eterai). 

"Son^s of the Confederacy and 
Plantation Melodies." 

Conlatntnt; l<y ?»MUl(i«rn M^iigs, woriis and music 
Price, 50 crnts. Best coUrciidn for use In schools, 
Camps, and Chaplt-rs. Circulars and Infortnalloo 
free. Agents wanted. Bi;; commission. Address 

Mrs. Albert M!tchr!l. Paris. Ky. 



Iloinu n sotiihern lady nnd thrroforc thnrouiihl;r 
nri)uiitnt(Nl mth tin" cii*>l«>iiis iitul littvpitaniy nl the 
huuthrrn hnnic 1 will lhn.iw upi'ti my Maii*'ii>M lor 
thuuettmitHliition of vKlllnii fniullli^M to Iho \V<<rld's 
Kiilr (May to NovcrulHT, I'.H* '. wliere thi*y wtll be 
u^v'.l^tsl of nice, giitfi.rh'nn itnd homrllkt*' ;)i-< t<ino> 
dti'ioifi. wht'if ran f<M-l ut h<iiiii> duriiii: tliclr 
^tay hcrt*. liivU>:.d til tlit» U|>i(wir. tntlsc and liitniotl 
lilw;i>*. to he onciMintlTi^l III h<'lfN. I Will rlianrc* 
fnMii :0c. to II «t |HT tlay ri)r ^ll-e|llnK a|iarlun'nt> 
anil -K'.cnch f<.r uhmIn > If di'Mn-d.) 

I ( you (Mi'it-niitia!*' rominu w iiio me a r»<'^lal cart! 

;«i «nrr Ml 1 ran i»n>|iuri> tt> n'vcrvo »|>artiiH>iii> ttir 

I fur t hu tinie y«>u will lie hire. 111. il 1 will nlM> 

r.infe to nift'I ymi nl the df].«'l iind brlnji >ou 
r Ik' III oviT III nr > Mati'-ion on VMiir airi\ al. 

Addriss IMMKIHATKI.Y fur full rHrtlriilrrti, 

— St. Louls, M^ ■ - 

Find a 

In the Southwest. All 
that's needcil is a few hun- 
dred dollars, with a willing- 
ness to Work. 

Southeast Missouri, 
Arkansas, Louisiana, and 
Te.xas are full of opportu- 
nities — the climate is mild, 
the soil is rich, the lands 
arc cheap. 

Half-rate excursions 
March 1 and 15, April :^ 
and 19, via the Cotton Ikk. 

Write for descriptive lit- 
erature, maps, and cost of 

E. W. LaBEAUME, G. P. & T. A., 

Cotton Belt, St. Louis, Mo. 





of tlie t'nited States I.ifc-Siivtn>f SUitUnis rescue many slortii- 
stricken souls and save many lives; Itut their work is insii^nili- 
cant as coinjiared with the 

Lives Saved, tin- Health Renewed, 

:iTi.l ih." nin-d"wn Systems Rein vlijorated '^y 

Dr, DeWitt's Liver, Blood, and Kidney Cure. 

'Ihe \z^f.i\ work is acconijilished l*v eiiricliinir tl>e l>lood and 
<>lisliiny sound dijreslion, the tvvo"ke\s to lon;j life and vU; 
iirons liealth. It is nature's quick relief and sure cure for 
ilri^ht's Disease. Diabetes, Jaimdice, Malari.i, Intlammatinn of 
the Bladder, Pains under the Shoulders, I.umba^ro, Hheuina- 
lism, DvsiH'psia, Indigestion, l*ains in the Hack, Muscular 
\\ . akne'ss. Side Ache, Imnurilv of tlie Blood, I'nhealthv Com- 
plexion, Liver Disease, l-emalc Comnlainls, Kidney Disease, 
:'iT()fula, Xasal and Intestinal Catarrh, and the nuinerous ail- 
nuntsand diseases caused by Impure Blood. 

Price, $t per Bottle 


Liver, Blood, 


Kidney Cure 


t Ricii Blood, 

A r .\i.i. itKi I 

r;isrs AMI I>i:AI.KItS 

The W. J. PARKER CO., Manufacturers, 

7 South Howard St., BALTIMORE, MD. 

More than that — land is tlie source of all wealth. Tlie ratio of 
population to acreage is the slidhig scale upon which opportu- 
nity is g.iugcd, success determined. Cut the number o£ land- 
holders in any State in tlie Union in two, and what is the re- 
sult? It is bimple arithmetic — opportunities doubled in that 
Stale. Wliat if three-fourths the population be eliminated? 
Opportunities quailrujiled, and so on. Tliat's the condition ' > 
the great Southwest,, Indian Territory, and Ol 
honia. This vast territory i; supporting less than one-four, 
the population of its capacity. Fertile — a land where wheal 
and cotton thrive side by side — where two yearly vegetable 
crops are demonstrated possibilities — the gieiitest fruit section 
in the country; but that's only halt the stor^-. The low ratio 
(if population to acreage makes land cheap^that's the main 
point. There's room for success in the great Southwest. Il- 
lustrated literature sent on request. 




Plus 2 Dollars 

For tt\e R-our»d Trip 
First and TKlrd 
Tuesdays of each 

GEO. H. LEE, G. P. A. 
Little Rock, Ark. 

Memphis, Tenn. 

Confederate l/eterar?, 



Fredericksburg, & 

Potomac R. R. 


Soutfiern Railway. 


Tlu' Link C'.iniu'Ctiny IIh> 




Itctwreh All Points \h\ Richmond, V;i. 

Fast Mail, Passenger, Express, and Freight Route 


Rictimond, Washington. Baltimore, 

Philadelphia, New York. Boston, Pittsburg, 

Buffalo, and All Points North, South, 

East, and West. 

W. D. DUKE, C. W. GULP, 

General fVlanager. Assistant General Manager. 

W. P. TAYLOR, Traffic IVIanager. 

Atlantic Coast Line 



and CtibCL 


This beautiful State and island have 
been brought within easy reach by the 
splendid through-train service of the 
Atlantic Coast Line, the great thor- 
oughfare to the tropics. 

Winter Tourist Tickets 

now on sale to all points in 


For rates, schedules, maps, sleeping 
car and steamship accommodations ap- 
ply to 

W. J. CRAIG, General Paiaen^ar A^enl. 





Santa Fe 

% w 


GaLlvestoix, and Points 
South, East, and 
West. ^ ^ Eq\i ip- 
meivt, Service, and Cui- 
sine unsurpatssed. ^ 

W. S. KEENAN, G. P. A., 
Galveston, Tex. 

When writing to juivertisers mention V'ktekan. 



L. & N.. E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 

2Vestibuled Through Trains Daily /^ 


D. H. HILLMAN, 0. P A.. S. L ROGERS, Oen. Aft. 



7,314 Miles. One Management. 

IViu-lnitlnj; ten Southern Stales. He.iehiiii; 

Principal Cilics of the .South with 

Its Own Lines. 

Solid Vestibuled Trains. 
Unexcelled Equipment. 
FaLst Schedules. 
DiJviJVG eatts 

iire operate. I on Southern K.aihvav 


on ^^^ashintrto^ ami SoulhwestL rii 
\'estilnileil Limited, and W'asluiiirlon 
3iul C!laUanoo;,'a Liiiiiled ^ ia I.mhIi- 


of the latest pattern on all through traiiis. 


I General I'ass. A^t., Washin;;ton, ]). C. 


Assl. Ceu'l Pass. Agt., Chattanooga, Tenu. 

1 raveling Pass. Agt., Chattanooga, Tenn. 



Confederate l/eterai>. 


NELSON'S I* iiHlot>iMl i.v l.-.-iMiii;: husineB 
lioiiF-rbui lUti MMMIl■Wc^l. l>uiii)»: 1903 uc hft< 
SSfi rfi u for eienofrutpliei-c. bookk<'e|>tM-8, eic 
Greni many of our >>tiitli>iit« :iro from nihor busi 
iii-fe^ c<tll»-(res tlnoufflioui llie coiintiy. Kvery- 
ihinjr ii|*-t4>->1:iLt-. 'IVachei-* ftifl cxV<^ri*. No 
Guarantee Humbufc. ^tixl fiM Iri'r culaloffue. 

TOO Elm Street, Cincinnati, O. 



Bond Building. WasKlngton. D. C. 

VatiTils .-iiul Tr.ule-M:irks scriirtd in tlie United 
Stati-s Hiid I'orriifn Comiirii-s. Pamphlet ol In- 
«lruclioiis furnislii'd frt-c on application. 



Ilitrti*'" t c:tph pr ifOB 

'^ paid for 111) kirHlf< niw 

fur pUiiiti. Wrili' for 

I'ncH- Lisl. 



f.-^ I-l KKIKK. 

IO!t Itiire »*tr<-ft, 
ll.\< I.N.N ATI, «. 


The Eyes of 
the World Are 
Upon Her. 

The Home Seeker 

Wants to know about her 
"Matchless" Climate and her 
Chi-.ip Lands. 

The Investor 

Wants to know not only about 
her Cheap Land and Low 
Taxes, but, as well, Her 
Wealth of Mine and Forest, 
and this is to let you know that 
The International & 
Great Northern, 
Texas' Greatest Railroad, 
Traverses more than a thousand 
miles of the Cream of Texas' Re- 
sources, latent and developed, ami 
that you may learn more about thi. 
by sending a 2-cent stamp for u 
copy of the ILLL'STRATOR 
or 25 cents for a year's file of same, 
or by writing 


G. P. .& T. A.., 1. «* G. IN. R. R., 

F>a!!estine, Xex. 


ipiipaa™-^:.'::.. , 

rhrimt. l^uii^K, Itcuf- 

. rATVKitii n 

( LTKKIl While Vol) 

SI,Kl.r. Ilaid ( ri-.. 

pri.-(rrr<-d. 60dnyp l-*r«'i' 

A'\Vt>ndi-iful Jnti'aliiiii, 

^I'oiniiK'ii Si-nf^o Ap|>llcA- 

..tti'ii; AninxlnfT Ki'>ullR. 

Irn-\|MMi!-lvc rienMtnt, 

^, ,PiivHt«,Ki»ff, Certain. 

I .^^t4■ll|<■hln^ CurcK of 

'^A^t limit and LuiifCK. 
It<»(»k witlianipk'pioof 

_'nii(l vuluiittU' Infui-ma- I 
tion Free. Cnt thin out, 
it mny rint appear OQfiin. 

13111 TftD Run-n SI. . (UK AW 

BE YOVH: uWj^ Jhi^jtA'TEH 

Hoilid rrintin:; I'revK will onrii 
itu\ save ujoiv numi'y for y*:u 
than aiiv other inVostmont. 
<)v<t4:i.ui(IsoM. Thrc' World's 
^ Kair Prizes. Print-* Imin card 
^ to smnll newsimiHir. Presses 
Irom $'t to $1«0. Aiitoniutlc 
jiress for jirintinj; visit iu^eards. 
Send lor catakij.'Vie F. 
MODEL PRINTING PRESS. 708 Chestnut St., Ptiiladelptila. 

Rife Hydraulic £i\^ii\e. 

Pumps wnter by water power. 

Can be used where hydraulic rams 

fail. Absr)iute air feed. 

^^ ^ Will pump thirty feet 

hi^'li for each foot of 

Every One Guaranteed. 


329 Church Street. Nashville. 'I'enu. 





Do you intend KoinK to Nnahvillf to 
Httwnil tli« H.-imion of tbi> (_'<>nfi«ii'r«te 
Vi't^.^rtms tills year'* The T"'iint>s.soo Cen- 
tral !{iiiln)]iU is now r*nnipl.*t<vi and in 
full o|MTution thro«j;h Ilopkiusvillo. 
Ky.. connei'tjntf with llu» Illinois IVntnil 
Kiiilroiid lor all points in Wi-st Toniios- 
see. St. lyouis. Chuano, iind all otluT 
Western i)oint<^. and tliroiit;b HHrriinin, 
Tenn , with tlin C. N. <>., & T. P. and 
.Soutliem Kaihvays to Norfolk, Bristol, 
CinniinHtl. \\ n.^hin^ton, New York, and 
all ot hur point.s East. 

B.! sure to saturo your ticket via tbis 

F<<iul|>ment all new and of the latest 

Tlu'oui^b ticket^s on sale at all points 
in connect ion with tbis lino to Xaanville. 

Kor tuithei- information apply to your 
local agent or 

£. H. HIMTO", 

Trt.\l-KIC M.\SA(iKR, 

tumhvllla, Tann. 
T. A. H. WOOO, 

Oenkiiai. Aoknt. 

Knoxvtfto, Tenn. 

Less Than Half Rates 

One Way, 


Corsicana, Waco, McGrcj^cr, 
Morgan, C'laincsvillc, Dallas, 
Greenville, Coinineree, Sher- 
man, Paris, and till iiiUriiiediate 

One Way, $6.50, 
Round Trip, $10 

I'd all points in Indian and Ol^la- 
homa Terriliiries and interniedi- 
ato ])oints in .\rkansas, Missouri, 
and Kansas. 

Tickets on Sale February 1 6, 
March 1 and 1 5 

To Amarillii, Houston, (ialves- 
t(in. Corpus Cliristi, San Anto- 
nio, Kerrvillc, ]5ro\vn\vood, Bra- 
dy, San Anojelo, A\'ai'i>, Rock])<>rt, 
$S one war, $ i ,^ round trip. 

4 Trains Daily— West— 4 Trains Daily 

J. N. CORNATZAR, General Agent, 
31 1 Main Street, MEMPHIS, TENN. 

Personal to Subscribers ! 

wliat ilo you <lo? When j-our system runs down, what should jou do J Yon 
Uiiow tlie answer to tli<' first iniestion; the answi'r to the secoiul is foiiiul iu the 
wdiiilerfiil suceess of thai slill more wonih'rfnl renieily— YITJi-ORK. 

When the nerves are nnslrnuir. the mnseU's h>oseiieil. tlie enerjries rmi dow n. 
Ihi' \iialily imiiairod, it serves as the riffht koy lo lii the <h-lieate meehanism of 
the hMmai'i system, tlie riarht force at tlie riirht time to set the maehinery in mo- 
tion, to rewind the enerirfes. lo tiirhleii the nerve fon-es. to replenish the vilali- 
ly. It is the ideal Blood Vilalizer. (ienn Destroyer. I'lesh Maker, Disease fm- 
eV. Brawn Bnilder. ami Health liestorer. 

Xooiherremrdveaii ec|nal its record of cures. No other remeily can l)e otVered 
to tlic- jmlilie on the fvu\< i' i- nlT.n',1. nr:u\ >mv s|.e(ial otTer! YOU AKK TO 

Read Our Special Offer. 

77 BE WILL SEND toevorysul^crntprorreaderof 

%M tilt' t'uNFKDKItATK VkTKHAN, or Worthy IH^fSf HI 

ivoommeud<.'<i hv a 9ubs<TilHM' or n-ador. a fiiU-siziHl 
Oiip Doltai- vH'katro ot Vita-*>rp, liy mail. |tost|iaiil. 

suffirieiit for oiio months troatmcut. to Itn pjiid for 
within on.' nionilis tinu'att.T rc«i'ipt if thcreceiv- 
or can trutlifully say that ils uso has dono him or 
hormoroi^ood tliauall thodruirsordopcsof cinaoks 
or good doctors or patent medicines he or slie has 
overusnd. Kead this over aKa'u carefully, and un- 
derstand tlmt we ask our pay only iihrn it hntdnnr 
Tougooil. unA initlM'loro. \Vo take all the risk. You 
have iiothintr to lose. If itdocsuotUenelit you, you 
jiny us uothintr. Vltn^-Ore is a natural, hard, ada- 
mantine, roi-klike substance— mineral- Ore— min<'d 
from the ground hke gold and silver, and n-qum's 
ahonttwenty yeiirsforoxidi/.jitiou. It contains free 
iron, free sulphur, and mai;nesium. and one pack- 
atrewill equal in medicimii streuLrth and curative 
value ir*yii gallons ttf the most powerful, eftiijieious 
mineral water drunk fresh at the sprintrs. It is a 
geologii-al discovery, to which nothing is added and 
From which nothing is taken. It is the mnrvel of 
the centurvforcuringsuch diseases as KheiimAlisni, 
Itrifphfs Itlsoise. Blood IViiMniinir. lltnrt Tioiibh'., ral;irrh jiiid Thront An'eclions. Lher, hithiiy, 
iniil Ilhuldor Uhiieats, Sloninch And Kcninle IHsoider^, 
Lfl (irippi', Miihirial Kover, \orvaus Prostration, Btid 
(ieniM-al npliilitj-, as thousands t^'stify. and as noone 
Husweringthis, writingfor a package, will deny aft- 
er xising. Viia'-Orr hascunHi mtu-e chronie. olisti- 
luite. pi'onounced incuraMe cases than any other 
known medi<inc, nnd will n^ach su<li cases with a 
more rapid and ]>owerfnl curative H.tion than any 
medicine, combination ofniedi.-ines. nr doctor s jire- 
scriptiou which it is possible to procure. 

VIT,l-%<>llR will do the same for you as it has for 
hundredsof readers ot this pajHM-. if you will give it 
atrial. Send for a$1 imrkatpat oarrisk. Yon have 
nothing t-o lose but the stamp to answer tjiis an- 
nouncement. \\v uniit no one's money whom Vita'-Orc 
rannot licmflt. Yoiiaretrtbothojndire! Cananything 
be more fairy '^A'hatsensible person, no matter how 
])re,iudiccdlieor yheniay be. who desires a cure and 
is willing to jmy for it, would hesitate to try Vita*- 
Orpou this liberal offer? One package is usuallv suf- 
ficient t'>cureordimirvcases: twoorthrei'forclmm- 
ie. obstinate eases. We nirailjast what we say in this 
announcment. and will do just as we agree. Write 
t'wlay for a package at our risk and expense, giving 
youriigeand ailments, and mention t!iis]taper, so we 
iuay know that you are entitled to this liberal offer. 

This oflfer will challenge the attention and consideration, and afterwards the gratitude. <)f 
every living i erson who desires lietter health or who sulfers pains, ills, and diseases whii-h have 
delled the mwlicai world and grown worse with age. ^Vo care not for y4nir skepticism, but ask 
only your investigation, and at our expense, regai-dless of what ills you have, by sending to 
H3 for a package. ADDUKsS 

Mrs, Geo. L, Sackett 

Wrote for a Package and Is Not Sorry ! 

Head tVhcLl She Says, 

I have taUfU my paj- t U'V a of 
yc«rs :md «"uM not hke to he w ithout it, 
but now I am tlnul'ly grateful to it since I 
soeurc'i fn-ni irs pages my tirst knowledge 
of a renic'ly uhieh has restored mo to 
health alter many yeiirs of ill h':ilfh and 
Vila'-<.>re I s 
the remedy, 
and I wish 

that I entlld 

tell every one 
of niy ailing 
sisters about 
it. If it Imd 
net been ad- 
vertised i n 
my paper , 
I perlia p3 
woula ne\er 
Ii.i\c learned 
of it or given 
itntrial. For 
t won 1 3-tive 
years I Iiad 
s u f f e r e d 
niaiidy w iih 
eaiarrh and other ailments, iu fj'et my dec- 
tors I'Uig aao said that I had not a sound 
orirau in my body except my lunj^s. 1 suf- 
fered nnd "doet<>red during all this time 
.tnd spent hunilreds of dollars with but lit- 
tle benetit, until IcniniueneedtakingViiie- 
Or4-. When I began using it 1 was very 
\ve;ik and could eat hutlittie. Those ahou't 
ute ilid not think that I would ever be fihlo 
to .io anUhing, and I ahnost agreed with 
lliein. After taking a few doses of Vita*- 
' Me my entire conclition changed. I bignn 
to feel hunjgry again, atid iu a little while 
fond tastea good; I \\as able to eat and 
werk, nnd can now perform the most of n.y 
hniisehehl duties. This is after having 
scarcely seen n well day during the past 
'[uarter of a century .which makes the great 
improvement in mvense idniost a miracle, 
—Mrs. Geo. L.Sackett.s.^ 1 ouell St., M«r- 
rick, Mas*. 


Veteran Dept., 
Vltae-Ore BIdg., 


/^XE inventor has made a gun ti) throw an immense 
^^ shell twentv-five miles 

Another has made an explosive to crush an armor 
plate with a single shock 

But the Phillips & Buttorff Mfg. Co. have 

brought to perfection 


giving easy and economical kitchen-keeping 
to thousands of Southern matrons 

Write for Free 


Gopper Reservoir 

Sheetcopper reservoir, lined with 
tin. Strong, light, and easy to 
clean. No metallic taint to your 

Warming Qloset 

No more cooking of "second 
breakfasts" for late risers. Put 
the food in the warming closet 
and keep it fresh and palatable 

Oven Door Kickers 

Instead of stooping "way over'' 
to open the oven door, just press 
a little lever with your foot 


■jm Y .j-j We make a specialty of Refrifjcra- 
^\[^ mIS» ''"^^ '""' summer goods. Write us 
now for free catalogue 

Phillips & Buttorff 




GopD lor Mdu issue, Includlno nds., Should be In Hand bu April 22. 

Vol. 13 NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1904 No. 4 

QDpfederate l/eterai? 



Qoi>federate l/'eterar?. 



I ii^orporatecJ uiiUoi* tliw l^tiw^* <>i' ^t'i-y.tiiitx. 

von lei us tell you about our group of 
Co|'i>er-Gold tlaim^, locateil in llie IJrown 
mining ijistrict. Muricopa Coiintv, Ariz.., 
45 mill'!, from Mesa? A few dollars in- 
vested now will pay 


a handsome dividend. As soon as we can 
linish the necessary roads and develop- 
ment work, we will thm have ore ready 
for the smelter. This is a legitimate 
mining company, w ilh an honest direct- 
orate, and we have one of the best min- 
ing superintendents in the great South- 
west, owning a vaUi.ible property. Now 
is the time to 



All the Sh,\fts axd Tunnel. [Actual jihotoiiraph.] 

Main S!i.^i-^j — loo Keet Dekp — on the Chicopee, 

in one of the best mining propositions 
e\er offered to you. This slock will 
bring ^■oll in a gootl income for life. 
.Stock may be paid for in in>tallments if 

Write to-day to R. W. CRA.BB, Treasuirer, UlNlOINTO>VIN, FCV. 


322, 324, i26, 328 GREEN SIREET, L01ISVILJ±, i(Y. 


Have erected nine-tenths of the Confederate Monuments in the United 
States. These monuments cost from five to thirty thousand dollars. The 
following is a partial list of monuments they have erected. To see these 
monuments is to appreciate them. 

Cynthiana, Ky. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Louisville, Ky. 

Raleigh, N. C. 

J. C. Calhoun Sarcophagus, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, 

Helena, Ark. 
Helena, Ark. 
Macon, Ga. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Thomasville, Ga. 
Sparta, Ga. 

Dalton, Ga. 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Columbi.a, Tenn. 

Shelbyvillc, Tenn. 

Franklin, Tenn. 

Kentucky State Monument, 
Chickamauga Park, Ga. 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina Monuments, Chicka- 
mauga Park, Ga. 

Winchester, Va. 

When needing first-class, plain, or artistic work made from the finest qual- 
ity of material, write them for designs and prices. 

Qopfederate l/eteraij. 


The Certified Audit Corporation 



EDWARD OWEN. Vice President and General Manager. 

OrHfi.J Pulii, A, iOulU,u:l. 
Kx'CoDiminsiotier of Accoutits to thr Cilv of Xexv I'ork; 






I Life and Letters of | 

I Robert Lewis Dabney,D.D.,LL.D. | 


£^ "?^ 

J^ Dr. Dibney was a conspicuous character in Southern affairs for more than fifty years, and "T^ 

^— enjoyed a national reputation as a Teacher, Theolojjian, Preacher, and Patriot. ' ' -^m 

y" Confederate Veterans and all students of Soutliern ideals will find in this volume a rich "7^ 

m^" store of information concerning the autr-belium social, political, and industrial conditions of — • 

JJ^ the South, and Dr. Dabney's letters written during the stormy days of VV) to '6c; are in them- "^ 

^•^ selves a r^sumtf of that period and a strong; vindication of the principles for which the South — • 

J^ fought. Of special interest to old soldiers are his letters during the time he served as an army ""^ 

^• ^ chaplain and as chief- of -staflf under Stonewall Jacksim during the wonderful campaign in the —^ 

^^ Valley of Virginia. ""^ 

^•^ The hook is a notable contribution to the historical liter-iture of the South, and a copy — * 

J^ should be in the home of everv true Soutlierner. "^ 

^ 600 Paees. Cloth Binding. $2.50 Net (add 25c for postage). Z^ 

^*^ Sfnd all orders to C^ 


PiililiRliers and IJonksollers, 


"Songs of the Confederacy and HEROES AND SPIES OF THE CIVIL WAR 

Plantation Melodies." 

Containing 19 Southern songs, words and music. 

I'rice, jocents. Best collection for use in schools, 

Xamps, and Chapters. Circulars and inform.ition 

free. Agents wanted. Big commission. Address 

Mrs. Albert Mitchell. Paris. Ky, 





Bond Building, Washington, D. C. 

Patcnlsanil Tr;uIi--M:irUs siTiiri-d in tlie United 
l;»tc8 ami I'\)r('i^n Conntrirs. I'ainplilct of In 
i ructions fxirnishcd free on applicntinn. 

Bj' Capt. "Da-c^id Humphrey J, 

TKe Neale PublisKing Co.. 
Washin^liin, D. C, and New York. 

'Price, ^I.SO, postpaid* 

Stallman's Dresser Trunk 

/Kasv t o ^'et ati'Vi-rytbinj; wil bout 
'^disturhiiij; anythint;. No fivtiknie 
in packinK and unpacking. Lij;hl, 
strong, roumv drawers. Holds as 
mui-b and ctists no more than a 
pood box trunk. Huud-riveted ; 
t^tronci'st trunk made, lu small 
room servos as chilTonier. C.O.D. 
[i with privilPE*^ of examination. 

2c. stamp forCatilog. 

F. A.STALLMAK,ll4W.SpriDgSl., Columbus, 0. 


•t Wait-Take 

the Cei 













Oi\ Sa.le March I to April 30. 


North, South, East, West, 

BEST. Ng N^ 

1 or inf(irin'ali<»n. rales, rlc, call on loral 
au^ent or uddreis 


G P. A. HOUSTON. TEX. ». G, P *, 


An Old andWell-Tried Remedy. 


Imn l.«>n Usui I.T iivtT ."IXT\ ^l.\l;s^^ Mll.l.h i,\.-! ol 
MOTHEKs (,., iLfir CHIl.l.KKN Will! I Tl I. Ill INO, 
WITH PKRl'Kcn' MIIXKS.S. U .-o. iTIl I,.-* \\w ( HIl-D, 
SOFTENS the clTM.'i, AIXAYS all I'.MN; rfKES WIND 
COLIC, and in llip U-sl remeily for DIARRHEA. Sold by 
Drnggisls ni cv.-rv pari ol llie wiiiM. Be snre tn ask for 





Kemove.'i .ill .■.welling in S to 20 
davs : effects a permanent cure 
inwto 6odavs. Trial treatment 
• ivcnfrcc. Ntithingcan be fairer 
~ Write Dr. H.H. '■---n'sSons. 
Snccialisls. Box G. :l3nta. Ga. 





H'siv. Canna. Agtr.ilum, SoajKlragon, Chinese 
'timrtisc.Swcci .\l\ 5un>, Ko\-i!l(H e (lilin, Moo* 
,(\ Balloon Vine. B.iM Brc.ilh. Blue Belli 
ISmtlaiil, Eastern Star, Ccluni.T, Mined Daisy, 
ili\ed A-iters, BcEonia, Mixed Poppy, Mieoon- 
lie, lalHopsis, Portulaca. Sweet Peas, Cypresa 
fr \ inr. Pansy (mixed), Sunflower, Salvia, Balsjim 

Dt tsllt,:Iloo of 50 Cholu 
d 25 Butt>« for 1^ ccduIk 
a 111 tend ^ctd Ctif<h aad. 




send 100 Carns's Gland Tab- 
Ifts ^^y mail, which cure Ca- 
tarrh nf ihc Slnmach. IndiErsiton. Liver Complainl. Bad 
Blond, Epilt-psy, and Nprvousnrss. If currd in jj days, 
send mc 5» ; if not, nothing. J. J. Cams. Carthage, Mo. 


(^oijfederate l/eteraij. 

We Have Won iKe Position of Leaders 
and Are Prepared to I<. 

There is always satisfaction in dealing w ith 
a firm whose reputation is estahhshed. 

FORTY-SIX years ago we started on a vc-rv small seal 
and, by fair treatment and giving good values, we hav 
hiiilt up a patronage extending over the entire South an 


is prepared to promptly execute your orders. We shall be glad to mail a 
copy of our large catalogue containing illustrations of a spleiuliii line of 

Diamonds^ Watches, Jetufetry, and Stl-derttfare. 

Sr^ ^ /^ \ A \ ^^c have just issued a special catalogue of SCHOOL MEDALS and 
r t L» I A L . CLASS pins, copy upon request. 

U/?e B. H. STIEF JEWELRY CO.. Nashville. Tenn. 


Letter Paper 






We have put in stock bcautihil headings 
emhosstd in red, white, and blue, showing 
the fitticial Haj^s {»f the ahi)\'e organizations. 
By printing on the nanieot the local organ- 
ization, with the names o( the officers, a 
very attractive letter head is had at a low 
price. Send for samples and prices. 






Manufacturing Stationers, 

Engravers, Printers, Lithographers, 

General Office Outfitters 


OAe Union C^entrai 

^L///ie tJn 

nsurance L>>o., 


ASSETS JAN. I. 1902 


No Fluctuating Securities, 
Largest Kale of Interest. 
Lowest Death RzLle, 

Ervdowmervts at Life 
Kates &nd Profi(-Sha.ring 
Policies SpecisLlities. 

Large and Increasing Dividends to Policy 

Desirable Contracts and Good Territory open 
for Live Agents. Address 

JAMES A. YOWELL, State Agent, 

27 and 28 Chamber of Commerce. NASHVILLE, TENN. 

Qopfederate l/eterap. 


Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested ».o use one side of the paper, ajid tt> abbreviate 
as orach as practicable; these sugg^estions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the Veteran cannot 
tmdertake to return them. 

Advertising* rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month brforeW ends. For 
Instance, if the Veteran be ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
Hat will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that numi er. 

The "civil war" was too long ago to be cai!cd the "late" war, and when 

correspoiuieiits use that term " War between the States" will be substituted. 


United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, and Other Organizatiohs. 
The Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a larger aod i 
elevated patronage, doublless, than any other publication In exlsteoce. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the lesa. 

Prick, $1.00 per Year. I v^t VIT 
Single Copy. 10 Cents, f ^"^' '^^^* 


jT^ 4 .1 S. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
i v?. t. , Proprietor. 


The Veteran, being the authorized voice of Confederate or- 
ganizations, avoids extravagance of expression, and in its life 
of eleven years and more it has treated Nashville with less 
consideration than any other city. The extraordinary circum- 
stances causing the great reunion of 1904 to be entertained 
here, how'ever, make it fitting and just to give her people due 
credit for vvfhat they are now doing in behalf of coming guests. 

While all the Confederates, their Sons, and the Daughters 
are doing their part with the enthusiasm which has ever char- 
acterized them, the business people and tlie public, regardless 
of former affiliations, are united in heart and hand to honor 
the men who wore the gray forty years ago. The spirit th;it 
immortalized William McKinlcy above any of his fellow-Presi- 
dents of the United States, when he said in Georgia, "I feel 
that the time has come when we should share with you [mean- 
ing the South] in caring for the graves of the Confederate 
dead," seems to be that of everybody in Nashville, and all the 
people are of one mind to do honor to these coming guests. 
They are not ambitious for display or filling their coffers, but 
to make the men who suffered as never did such an army of 
patriots, for so many years, realize as fully as possible that 
such sacrifice is appreciated and worthy of all kindness and 
all honor. What is said of Nashville in this respect may be 
emphasized for Middle Tennessee. Many counties are doing 
far more than was expected of them. They intend to prove 
worthy the expression of the lamented John B. Gordon. When 
informed that Nashville had invited the reunion, he wrote: 
"I am glad to know that Nashville has consented to receive 
lis again next year. . . . We ought to bring tlie expense 
within the ability of a larger part of our cities, so they might 
feel inclined to take care of us." His successor, Gen. Stephen 
D. Lcc, at the last reunion urged less extravagance in enter- 
taining, and Nashville, in conformity with that spirit, will not 
spend money so lavishly upon decorative printing to advertise 
the city for business purposes, and maybe not so much for 
sponsors and side issues, but every Confederate Veteran who 
comes will find as royal greeting and service as were ever 
given to conquerors of human hearts, and the greeting in 
Nashville will exceed that which would be given them if they 
liad established the Confederacy. 

How Comrades Can Get Together. 

Whether these reunions are to be continued several years or 
not nobody can tell, but a plan is proposed that can be made to 
give more satisfaction than ever occurred before. It is one for 
which comrades have fervently prayed and gone home to die 

without the realization. It is the project of the editor of the 
Veteran, and it is his greatest ambition to see it accom- 
plished. Every Veteran who has attended a reunion — however 
much joy and comfort he may have had- — has gone home in 
deep sorrow over the failure to see some comrades who were 
to him as brothers. This disappointment and sorrow may be 
practically avoided, and the plan is announced this early so 
that every comrade may contribute to its success. 

The outline is as follows : By the best line of travel in Nash- 
ville is the great Vanderbilt University, with more than sev- 
enty acres of shaded lawn matted with blue grass. It is 
suburban, inclosed, and as delightfully situated as if made for 
the jjurpose. The plan is to have a gathering, of Veterans only, 
on the campus of this university at four o'clock of Wednesday, 
the isth of June. Places for the different State Divisions to 
form will be designated by signs, alphabetically arranged, and 
upon arrival comrades are to go to the place of State from 
which they served and wait until the membership of each State 
is perfected. It is possible for any Veteran who may be in 
Nashville to find his old companions by this plan. 

Gen. W. E. Mickle, the Adjutant General, has been informed 
of the project and cordially approves it, having named the 
hour of four o'clock on Wednesday, the 15th, the business 
session of that day being concluded about two o'clock. It is 
intended to designate in these grounds by clear signs the dif- 
ferent States, and upon arrival Veterans are to go to the 
place of Stales designated from which they served and appear 
in three lines, the cavalry in front, next the infantry, and then 
the artillery. 'The men are to face the west, so that the first 
regiment will be to the right. The States will be designated 
in alphabetical order, with a place for miscellaneous com- 
mands. The Commanders, or the different Adjutant Generals, 
of these States in the U. C. V. should be present to give direc- 
tions until these organizations of States are perfected. 

TV? Chancellor of the Vanderbilt University, Dr. James H. 
Kirkland. has been apprised of this plan and gives cordial 
assent to our use of the campus. Ncj visitors arc to be admit- 
ted to the grounds except Confederate Veterans. 

After the greetings, which comrades kuo7U will be the best 
that ever can happen in this world, addresses may be ex- 
changed and family associations can follow where members 
of families are in the city. 

Comrades, with years of anxious watching and study, this 
plan exceeds all others, and your approval is asked. Write 
this oflSce that you will cooperate and that nothing but sick-- 
ncss will prevent your being in line with your comrades. 


Qoi^J^ederate Ueterai). 


Since its struggle for independence the South has always 
kept in mind and heart those who so freely and bravely gave 
their best in its behalf, and every State of the Confederacy has 
made provision in some way for its battle-scarred heroes, and 
the many monuments that have been, and are still being, 
erected all over the South testify to the love and admiration 
for its defenders. But a grave oversight has been made in 
passing over the work done by the noble women who sacri- 
ficed and toiled for their husbands, sons, and brothers. There 
are homes for the indigent soldiers with good records, but 
many are not willing to leave their wives in order to be thus 
taken care of. One poor old fellow said : "I would not give 
up my wife for a thousand homes." 

It is gratifying to know that this need has been recognized 
and that the Daughters of the Confederacy of Texas have iii- 
augurated a movement to provide for the needy wives and 
widows of Confederate soldiers. The following extracts 
from an article by Mrs. M. A. Zumwalt, of the Houston 
Daughters of the Confederacy, explain the undertaking, which 
is in cooperation with the Veterans and Sons of Veterans of 
Texas. At the late convention of the Texas Division, U. D. 
C, an urgent appeal was made by Maj. Chenoweth, superin- 
tendent of the Confederate Home, and W. P. Lane, Com- 
mander of the Sons, in behalf of a Home for the Mothers of 
the Confederacy, to which the Daughters responded nobly 
Mrs. Zumwalt says: 

"Our organization has made no provision for the indigent 
and helpless wives and widows of our worthy and noble 
heroes, but we have worl..*d unceasingly, putting our best en- 
ergies in force in the building of homes for our maimed and 
indigent soldiers and providing all the comforts possible so 
that their last days may be made comfortable. . . . Our 
attention has been called by our old soldiers to the needs of 
a home for the mothers of the Confederacy, those dear old 
souls who were left at home with the care, support, and pro- 
tection of the families, in many instances toiling all day in 
the field trying to make bread for those dependent on them 
and at night working until past the midnight hour carding, 
spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing, trying not only to clothe 
th? children, but to send a blanket, a pair of pants or socks 
to the loved ones in the war and with the frenzied fear that 
at any moment they might hear that their heart's idol had 
fallen. For the four long years the wonit-n of the South faced 
worse than death. 

"i am proud that our veterar" have a home and a place of 
comfort where they can spend their declining days. Many 
veterans who are entitled to go would rather suffer for 
the real necessaries of life than forsake their true and faithful 
old wives, whose, limbs are too feeble and whose hands are too 
tired to any longer fight life's battles, but have no place pro- 
vided to rest their weary heads. 

"While the attention of the people of Texas has never been 
called to this fact before, I feel that it is only necessary to 
do this. I am sure that our prosperous State, with the smiles 
of heaven beaming on every nook and corner, w^ith her in- 
numerable advantages and the ever-increasing productions of 
our broad hand, w'ill provide a home for helpless wives and 
widows of the soldiers of 1861 to 1865. Trusting ourselves to 
the generous-hearted, patriotic people of our State, we ask 
your assistance in this work. We are not asking for a palatial 
home, but we do want a good, comfortable building, one com- 
mensurate to our needs. And for this pur|>ose our efficient 
State President, U. D. C, Miss Katie Daffan, has appointed 
committees from the different Chapters throughout the State." 

While the foregoing indicates that the State should tiiake 
this provision, Mrs. Zumwalt indicates that it is not their pur- 
pose to wait for State appropriation, and locally she states: 

"The committee for Houston is composed of the following 
ladies: Mrs. Seabrook Sydnor, Mrs. 1. M. E. Blandin, Mrs. 
M. A. Zumwalt, and Miss Laura Hobby, and we arc arranging 
for a merchants' carnival to take place sometime in April. 
We ask conmiittecs of ladies of the city to see the different 
business firms and solicit representation, and we hope no one 
will refuse to allow us to advertise them, as the cost will be 
a mere trifle and the results to them very beneficial. 

"Houston was heavily taxed to entertain our State Con- 
vention, U. D. C. After paying all expenses, the two Chapters 
had each $61.40 left, one Chapter appropriating its share to 
assist in furnishing the library in the Confederate Home in 
Austin, and the other Chapter to the Home we now have in 
view, placing our Chapter under lasting gratitude. 

"As Chairman of the South Texas District, I have sent out 
through her instructions circulars to the different Chapters in 
the district requesting them to take immediate action 10 raise 
what money they can this year, so that we can have a Home 
as soon as possible for these old mothers; the work has al- 
ready been too long delayed." 


Maj. Gen. Peter Alexander Selkirk McGlashan, successor 
to Gen. C. A. Evans, Georgia Division, U. C. V., was born in 
Edinburgh, Scotland, May 19, 1830, the son of James Mc- 
Glashan, a Waterloo veteran and, afterwards, merchant in 

CEN. r. .\. S. M CLASH AN. 

Edinburgh, the grandson of Peter McGlashan, last chief of 
the clan of that name. He emigrated through Savannah, Ga., 
in 184S to the West, and in 1856 joined his fortunes with 
Gen. Walker in Nicaragua. After the failure of the Walker 
expedition, he returned to the United States and engaged if. 
business in Thomasville, Ga. 


Confederate l/eteraij. 


At the outbreak of the War between the States he joined the 
Twenty-Ninth Georgia Regiment, in service on the coast ; aft- 
erwards the Fiftieth Georgia Regiment, and was elected first 
lieutenant of Company E. He went to Virginia in June, 1862, 
and participated in all the campaigns of the Army of Northern 
Virginia until April 5, 1865, meanwhile rising in rank from 
first lieutenant to brigadier general, his commission as briga- 
dier general being the last signed by President Davis before 
the fall of Richmond. He was wounded in the battles of 
Sharpsburg and Cedar Creek, was captured at Sailor's Creek 
and sent to prison at Johnson's Island. He was in the capitol 
prison, Washington, the night that President Lincoln was 
assassinated. He was released from prison August 25, 1865, 
and reentered business in Thoniasville, Ga., of which city he 
was elected Mayor in 1866. He was elected captain of the 
Thomasville Guards in 1874. He moved to Savannah in 1885. 
He is now President of the Savannah Confederate Veterans' 
Association, formed in 1887, known as Camp 756, U. C. V. 
His wife was Annie Willis Seixas, a great-grandniecc of Gen. 
Nathaniel Greene. 


M a meeting of the Executive Committee. U. C. V., in 
Louisville. Ky., last November, dififercnces of opinion in re- 
gard to the shape and design of the Confederate battle flag 
were discussed, and a resolution was adopted that a com- 
mittee of five be selected to ascertain all acceptable data re- 
garding the origin, shape, and design of this flag, and prepare 
a resolution to be submitted for consideration to the U. C. V. 
Association at ihe next annual convention, which will be held 
in Nashville June 14-16. This committee was also directed to 
ascertain the laws of the Confederate Congress relating to the 
battle flags and the flags adopted on March 4, 1861, May I, 
1863, and March 4, 1865. 

The committee is composed of Dr. Sanniel E. Lewis, Wash- 
ington, D. C, Chairman; Col. Fred L. Robertson, Tallahassee, 
Fla. ; Gen. J. F. Shipp, Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Col. J. Taylor 
Ellyson, Richmond, Va. ; Gen. A. C. Trippe, Baltimore, Md. 

In giving his oflicial approval to the action of the Executive 
Committee, Gen. Gordon had instructed them to secure all 
possible information as to the State, naval, and other flags car- 
ried by regiments or companies, or flown at sea or on the 
coast during the War between the States. This committee de- 
sires all information possible on these matters to be submitted 
to the Convention U. C. V., and any one having information 
pertaining to the subject is requested to forward the same to 
Dr. S. E. Lewis, 1418 Fourteenth Street, Washington, D. C. 

Tlir cnjrageinent of Miss tiltiel Tillman Heard, the charming Sponsor of the 
South at New Orleans, iw.i. to Dr. S. M. HeLiiffre, of Fort Asslniiiboine. 
Mont., has been announced. The marriage will take place at high noon on 
Ihe olh of April .at the First Presbyterian Church, Columbus, Ga. After ;i 
luncheon for the wedding party at the home, the bride and groom will leave 
for their Western home via St. Louis. Hosts of friends of this popular couple 
join with the Vkti-.ran in hearty congratxilations. 


On SepteiTiber 20, 1903, a handsome Confederate monument 
was unveiled at Gallatin, Tenn. It is a superb structure to 
cost but $2,000. The inspiration to this great undertaking by 
the comparatively small Chapter, V. D. C, came through the 
munilicent donation of Mrs. Julius A. Trousdale. It was the 
ancestral home of the Trousdale family. 

The Trousdale house was built on part of the land that was 
granted to Capt. James Trousdale by the State of North Caro- 
lina, the original grant of which, dated 4th day of December. 
1784, is still in possession of the Trousdale family. James 
'i rousdale was a captain in the Revolutionary War, and set- 
tled on this land in 1796. In l8ot the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee appointed commissioners to locate and purchase a site 
for the county seat of Suinner County. They selected Capt. 
Trousdale's farm, a town was laid off, and one of the lots was 
bought by John H. Bowen, a distinguished lawyer, who built 
a large brick house, which was not entirely completed at his 
death, in 1S22. Gov. William Trousdale, a son of Capt. James 
Trousdale, bought the house soon after the death of Mr. 
Bowen. Gov, Trousdale died in this house in 1872. His 
widow continued to live on the place until her death, in 1882; 
then J. A. Trousdale came into possession. He was a son of 
Gov. Trousdale, and was born in this house. In 1880 he mar- 
ried Miss Annie Berry, of Davidson County. Five children 
were born to them, all dying in infancy except one daughter, 
Mary, who completed her education in New York and re- 
turned to her home in June, 1899, and died in this house in 
August, 1899. Her father, who was much attached to her, 
followed in a few weeks, dying in September. By his will he 
gave his property to his wife, Mrs. Annie B. Trousdale, and 
in a short time after his death she gave the house and 
grounds to a corporation chartered for the purpose of per- 
petuating the history of the Confederate States and the Con- 
federate soldier. This corporation is under control of Clark 
Chapter, Daughters of the Confederacy. The grounds had 
been in possession of the Trousdale family (except the short 
time of Mr. Bowen's ownership) from 1784 to 1900. 


Qor^federatc Ueterarj. 


Gallatin, Tenn., exceeds even any city of the South in its 
Confederate possessions excepting Richmond, Va. The R. E. 
Lee Camp of Richmond owns a superb building, which prop- 
eny was acquired mainly through the bold business methods 
of the late Norman V. Randolph and a few others who made 
a large investment for the Confederate cause, guaranteed the 
safety of it, and gave all the profits to the Home and the 
cause. The Vetekan feels safe in the statement that this is 
the most valuable Confederate domicile, at least, in the country. 


The speed) of James W. Blackniore accepting the monu- 
ment on bclialf of the Confederate Veterans of Sumner County, 
Tenn., on September 19, 1903, concerning the Home and the 
people of his county at the dedication of the monument, is as 
follows : 

"The events of this day naturally recall to the minds of 
those present who participated in or witnessed the stirring 
times of 1861, the scenes and events of that period when, 
fnrty-two years ago, the men of the South, at the call to arms, 
loft the plow in the furrow, the youth their schoolbooks on the 
desk, and all turned from the ordinary pursuits of peace to 
learn the art of war and to devote their lives and their services 
to their country's cause ; when, full of vigorous life and 
thrilled with high resolves, they took into their custody the 
flag of the Confederate States, intrusted to them by the delicate 
hands and cheering words of fair daughters and Spartan moth- 
ers, amidst tears for their departure and benedictions accom- 
panied by the presentation of the Bible as the word of their 
counsel, and marched away to be assigned to their places in 
the armies of the infant Confederacy. Three thousand sons 
of Sumner County went thus to war — sons whose sires and 
grandsires had sounded the first note of defiance to the wrong- 
ful exactions of the mother country in the Mecklenbcrg declara- 
tion, served in the War of the Revolution, fought with Sevier 
and Shelby at King's Mountain, builded with Robertson and 
Sevier the commonwealth of the Slate, subdued the forest, and 
laid the foundations of highest civilization, who under Andrew 
Jackson won the second war of American Independence and 
brought hostile savages of the South into subjection, who un- 
der Scott and Taylor planted the flag of their country on the 
jialace of the Montczumas and added an empire of agricultural 
and mineral wealth to the domain of their government. 
Whether these were worthy sons of such patriotic sires, let 
the ensanguined fields of the South, from Seven Pines to 
Appomattox in the East, and from Fishing Creek to Benton- 
ville in the South, attest. We call to-day upon the battle- 
scathed fields of Fishing Creek, Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chicka- 
mauga, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, Gettysburg, Brice's 
Cross Roads, and Harrisburg to answer how they bore them- 
selves upon those historic fields, with what fealty they clung 
to the flag intrusted to their keeping, and with what valor they 
defended the sacred cause of their altars and their firesides. 

"Whether as cavalry, acting 'as the eyes and ears of the 
army' under "the war child' Wheeler, or in the dashing charge 
under the lead of the invincible 'Wizard of the Saddle,' Forrest, 
or scouting or raiding under tliat paragon of iiartisans, John 
]1, Morgan, or as infantry under the leadership of the immortal 
l,ce along the Chickahominy and in the Wilderness, and with 
the gallant and patriotic Bragg by 'the river of death,' and the 
beloved 'old Joe' Johnston from Dalton to Atlanta, the sons 
of Sumner oflfcred their lives and poured out their blood in 
attestation of their faith in the justice of their cause. During 
four years of exposure to hardship and deadly strife at arms. 

with privations unsurpassed even in warfare, they were actor« 
in battles and events which will ever be accorded prominence 
on the gilded pages of history. The soldiers of the Confed- 
eracy, after waging an unequal contest for four years, were at 
last vanquished by overwhelming numbers and superior advan- 
tages of those they fought. 

" 'He perished, but his wreath was won ; 
He perished in his height of fame. 
Then sank the cloud on Southland's sun. 

Vet still she conquered in his name. 
Filled with his soul she could not die; 
Her conquest was posterity.' 
"Returning to his desolate home to repair his lost fortunes, 
the Confederate soldier had again to struggle with poverty, 
with adverse political policies and altered conditions which 
threatened to subvert the social fabric and desecrate the ark 
which contained the covenant of racial superiorty. For an- 
other decade he withstood with political integrity and fidelity 
to his high ideals of citizenship the determined efforts of a 
vigilant and dominant political faction to fasten on him political 
disgrace and ignominy. 

"But the soldier of the South could never have won the dis- 
tinction he has attained in the world's history if he had not 
been encouraged and cheered in the times of conflict, in peace 
and war, by the noble women of the South. They held up his 
hands while in the armies of the Confederacy he smote the 
.■\malek on the plain and in the valley. The faith of the women 
of the South was unfaltering in the direst trials and darkest • 
hours. If the soldiers withstood the shock of battle in the 
front of the foe, it was because they knew that loving hearts 
were sympathizing with them and praying for them at home, 
and that angelic hands would minister to them when wasted by 
disease or suffering from wounds ; and in the privations and 
sacrifices made necessary by losses and devastation of war the 
tidelity and devotion of Southern women shone as beacon 
lights amid the surrounding gloom. The woman of the South 
and the soldier of the Confederacy seemed to have been made 
for each other. She had the utmost confidence in his man- 
hood and valor, and the soldier loved her with the devotion 
that one pays to the soul's ideal of purity and womanliness. 
No war can be fierce enough, no disaster can be so great as 
to divorce the Southern soldier from his love of Southern 
woman or the Southern woman from her devotion to the 
Southern soldier and his cause. True to the cause he espoused, 
and to her faith in the integrity of his honor, she has with 
jealous eyes guarded the utterances of the Muse of History, 
and has, with a fine heroism, maintained the justice of the 
cause for which father and husband fought, and out of her 
sentiments of regard for its righteousness has wrought the 
beautiful symbol of the Goddess of Fame crowning the van- 
quished with the victor's wreath. Pygmalion could not have 
been more enamored of his Galatea than tlie daughter of the 
South is wedded to her ideal soldier, which finds embodiment 
in the soldier of the Southern Confederacy. 

" 'When bronze and granite shaft shall crumbling lie 
In ages hence, in the Southern woman's heart will be 
A folded flag, a brilliant page unrolled, 
A deathless song of Southern chivalry.' 

"This spirit is manifest here to-day, and this monument 
erected by Clark Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy 
is eloquent, in granite and bronze and in symmetrical beauty, 
of the honor and esteem in which the Daughters of Sumner 
County hold the deeds and sacrifices made by Sumner's sons 
in maintaining and defending the cause of the South in the 

Qopfederate l/eteraip. 


War between the States and aiding in winning from disaster 
and defeat thaJ; highest of encomiums upon the government for 
which they fought — 

" 'No nation ever rose so white and fair, 
None fell so pure of crime.' 

"This spotless fame, won by the Confederate States during 
its brief but brilliant career, is cherished by every true Con- 
federate soldier, and held as dear as life. It is due to those 
who sacrificed their lives on the gory fields of the South, or 
languished and died from disease, in the field, or in inhos- 
pitable Northern prisons in defense of the rights and honor of 
their home land, that this reputation and characterization of 
the shrine for which they fell shall be cherished and preserved. 
Many of the sons of Sumner who gave their lives for the 
Southern cause sleep to-day where they fell, with no mark 
but the high tide of the battle wave, and no monument but 
the affections of their people, to tell where they lie. 
" 'With shouts and cheers they marched away 
On glory's shining track : 
But ah ! how long, how long they stay ! 
How few of them came back !' 

"Many, after surviving the rigors and dangers of four years' 
deadly strife, and aiding valorously in rebuilding the fortunes 
of the South, and as exemplary citizens maintaining the dignity 
and honor of their sections, in times of peace, have passed over 
the river and into the beyond. The survivors of that war 
are to-day the aged citizens of the country. While they look 
back on the ensanguined fields of the past, they now begin to 
realize that ere long tliere will be none of them left to gather 
about the camp fires or answer to the roll call here. They 
turn their eyes with unfaltering trust to the hills beyond the 
present, and feel that the safe-keeping of their records and o( 
those who have gone before is in good hands. If those who 
have heretofore passed out of this existence are permitted to 
look again upon the scenes of their mortal probation, how in- 
terested must the departed spirits of Confederate soldiers of 
Sumner County be in the ceremonies and in the events of this 
day! It must be delightful, even to immortals, to know that 
they 'live in hearts they leave behind.' and what greater exulta- 
tion could be afforded the soldier spirit than to know that after 
the lapse of years, through many vicissitudes and changing 
scenes, his memory is yet sacred, and the sacrifices he made for 
his country are not forgotiten. The Muse of History opens 
again to-day for another generation the records of the past. 
and jiames dear to us in bygone days are bright and teeming 
with fondest recollections. As in the past, Clark Chapter, 
Daughters of the Confederacy, has been active and zealous in 
preserving the historj' of the Confederate soldiers of Sumner 
County and rearin.g memorials to their honor, so, it is believed, 
they will in th'C future continue to labor for the truth of the 
history of the South, and in honoring those who made that 

"In the name of Sumner's sons whose spirits went out in 
the red tide of battle, or succumbed to the ravages of disease 
in distant States, and those who since the war have crossed 
over the river and now rest beneath the shade of the trees, 
and those who yet survive and are permitted to see and enjoy 
the beautiful scene presented to their visions to-day. I thank 
Clark Chapter. Daughters of the Confederacy, for this beau- 
tiful memorial to the dead and loving tribute to the living." 

Presenting the Monument 
The following is the presentation address of Mrs. Bennett 
D. Bel! at the unveiling of the monument : 
"As President of Clark Chapter. Daughters of the Confed- 

eracy, it becomes my pleasing duty on their behalf to offer to 
you to-day the realization of a patriotic dream of this small 
but loyal and devoted band of Daughters — descendants of 
as brave, courageous, and patriotic men as ever claimed a 
page in the history of the world. 

"It has been our cherished purpose to build a monument to 
our Confederate soldiers in some degree befitting their glorious 
deeds, and to-day marks the fruition of our hopes. 

"Tennesseeans have ever been brave and patriotic. The 
beautiful valleys, the picturesque mountains, the plains and 
meadows, the hills and forests, the sparkling waters, the sunny 
skies, the soil and climate of our beloved Tennessee have ever 
produced and been the home of soldiers, heroes, and patriots. 

"Before the while man had crossed the Atlantic and planted 
foot on the shores of America, the lordly red men roamed the 
toundless forests of Tennessee and made their homes on her 
fertile soil. The fierce Chickamaugas, the most daring and 
dangerous of all American Indians, and the brave Cherokees 
dwelt in the mountains and valleys of East Tennessee, and the 
warlike Chickasaws built their wigwams on the Western bor- 
der of our State and floated their bark canoes on the bosom of 
the great Father of Waters. Middle Tennessee, then, as now. 
favored of all lands, was claimed by all these tribes as their 
beloved hunting ground, and these savage natives of our State 
loved their country, and ere it was surrendered to the white 
man every foot of it was made historic by the commingling of 
the blood of these patriotic red men with that of our own hardy 
ancestors, who, grown tired of oppression, had flung down the 
gauntlet to Great Britain at the battle of the .\lamance, and. 
having lost in this first encounter with the mother country, had 
crossed the mountains in search of liberty and freedom. 

"In 1780 Sevier and Shelby, with five hundred fearless 
frontiersmen, every one a soldier and hero, leaving their homes 
on the beautiful Watauga, went to the rescue of their com- 
mon country, then in peril from red men and Briton, and at 
King's Mountain, the greatest combat of the war of the Revo- 
lution, by personal valor and matchless leadership, destroyed 
the British army under the gallant Ferguson, and turned the 
tide of battle that resulted in the surrender of Cornwallis at 
Yorktown and made every American a freeman. 

"What Tennesseean is not proud to feel that Texas owes her 
independence and subsequent statehood to Tennessee and Ten- 
nesseeans? What Tennesseean does not recall with sadness, 
though with patriotic pride, the tragedy of the Alamo, where 
brave Tennesseeans poured out their lifeblood as a sacrifice 
to freedom? 

"Crockett, Bowie. Travis, and Houston are names as familiar 
and sacred to Tennesseeans as to Texans. 

"In 1846, when the President of the United States, a gallant 
Tennesseean. issued his proclamation declaring war against 
Mexico, and the Governor of Tennessee called for 2.800 volun- 
teers, thirty thousand of her heroes answered the call of thci- 
country to go to the torrid and inhospitable plains of Mexico 
and earned for Tennessee the proud title of the 'Volunteer 

"Some of tliesc gallant volunteers— God bless them — are with 
us to-day ; fast growing old but still with the hearts and cour- 
age of soldiers. 

" 'We are not many, we wlvo pres% d 
Beside the brave who fell that day, 
But who of us has not confessed 
He'd rather share their warrior rest 
Than not have been at Monterey?' 
"These heroes distinguished themselves at Monterey, Bucna 


C^or>fcdera t(^ l/eterarp. 

Vista, Cerro Gordo, and ai the City of Mexico, where they 
led the charge upon the castle of Chapultepec. 

"In this memorable war that added an empire to our domain, 
and planted our flag in the Hall of the Montezumas. Sumner 
Count> not only led in the number of her volunteers, but dis- 
tinguished herself in the heroism of her soldiers upon these 
battlefields and gave to our country such leaders as Bate, 
Blackmore, Trousdale, and others. 

"But when we come to 18O1-65 — that period wliich tried the 
hearts of men as they were never tried before — we bow our 
heads in reverence and awe. Such devotion, such unselfish- 
ness, such patience, such endurance, such courage and bravery, 
such loyalty and patriotism have not a parallel in the history of 
the world. 

"It is this. Confederate soldiers, that we, after the smoke of 
battle has long since disappeared and impartial history has been 
forced to recognize your claims to greatness, and the peaceful 
hand of time is fast thinning your ranks — it is this, I repeat, 
that we, Daughters of the Confederacy, come to commemorate 
and in this testimonial 01 bronze and marble to perpetuate. 

"In the War between the States Tennessee was one great 
battle ground, four hundred and eight L_llles and skirmishes 
haying been fought upon her soil. Freely she gave of the flower 
and chivalry of her manhood, 115,000 of her sons giving theiti- 
self a willing sacrifice to their country, and the ashes of her 
sacred dead sleep on every battlefield from Gettysburg to the 
Rio Grande and in the inhospitable soil of every prison cem- 
etery of the North. 

"To recount all the deeds of heroism of the soldiers of the 
Volunteer State and to name all her heroes would be impossi- 
ble. Her leaders were distinguished for their matchless valor 
and her rank and file for their dauntless courage and unwav- 
ering and unfaltering fidelity to duty. In every great battle 
fought in this greatest of wars at Manassas, Shiloh, Chancel- 
lorsville, Chickamauga, Gettysburg, Franklin, Richmond, Mur- 
freesboro, Xashville, and many others, the Tennessee soldiers 
with Tennessee leaders were first in the assault, in the chargi-, 
■wherever duty called, fighting, bleeding, dying for their 

"At Appomatto.N, when the immortal Lee sheathed the sword 
and furled the flag, battle-scarred, weary, and sad, with ranks 
decimated by death on the field of battle, in the hospital and in 
prison, they answered to the 'last roll call,' and were ready to 
continue the unequal contest at the command of their great 
chieftain, or to return to build up their ruined and desolated 

"Confederate soldiers, having all these things in our hearts 
and the living and the dead in sacred remembrance, to build 
this monument has been a labor of love. This modest shaft 
but poorly represents all the love that is in our hearts for you ; 
it but faintly pictures the honor that we would do you. Marble 
and bronze cannot express the admiration, the reverence that 
we feel, but we have molded in imperishable bronze and placed 
upon this shaft the figure of a Confederate soldier, to us the 
type of bravery, of honor, of valor, of patriotism. We hav- 
chiseled upon this granite the inscription: 

'There is no nobler spot of ground than where exalted 
valor lies.' 

We have carved upon it the battle flag under which so many 
times they marci.ed to victory and which at last went down in 
defeat, but never in dishonor. We have carved upon it the 
dates 1861-65, the four years that witnessed more great battles, 
more deeds of heroism, than any four years of the world's 
history. We have carved upon it a wreath of ivy, emblem of 

the Daughters of the Confederacy of Tennessee, and which 
signific?. "In perpetual remembrance,' our Stale motto. 

"Oa behalf of Clark Chapter. Daughters of the Confederacy, 
I now present to you this monument, a poor expression of the 
hope we have long cherished to erect in enduring stone a me- 
morial to our Confederate soldiers. No shaft could be tall 
enough to measure the love we bear them, no sculptor's cUisel 
has grace to carve into expression the reverent admiration we 
have for them, but their monuments are built upon a thou- 
sand battlefields, and their deeds will live forever on the pages 
of history and in the hearts of the Southern people. 

"With our love, with our tears, we dedicate forever this hal- 
lowed spot to the memory of the Confederate soldiers. 
" "How many a glorious name for us. 
How many a story of fame for us. 
They left ; would it not be a blame for us 
If their memories part. 
From our land and heart. 
And a wrong to them, and shame for us? 
No. no. no. They were brave for us. 
And bright were the lives they gave for us, 
The land they struggled to save for us 
Will not forget 
Its warriors yet, 
Who sleep in many a grave for us. 
But their memories e'er shall remain for us. 
And their names, bright names without stain for us, 
riic glory they won shall not wane for us ; 
In legend and lay. 
Our heroes in gray 
Shall forever live over again for us.' " 

Senator Capmack's Speech. 

Senator Carmack, the orator of the day, was introduced by 
Judge George E. Seay, and said: 

"Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : I am always pleased 
when I have an oi)porlunity to meet tlie fair daughters and 
the stalwart sons of my native county, Sumner ; but I am 
doubly pleased to meet you on an occasion at once so solemn 
and so inspiring as this; so full of sorrowful memories of the 
past, and yet of hope and inspiration for the future. If we 
cannot think without sorrow of the noble dead whom we here 
commemorate, neither can we recall their glorious deeds with- 
out a thrill of pride and a renewal of hope for a country whose 
womb is so fruitful of heroic sons. 

"I am glad to meet you here on this sacred spot, which one 
of the noblest of our Southern women has dedicated in love 
and tears to the memory of the Confederate soldier. And so 
long as this monument shall stand, and even after its frag- 
ments have iningled with the dust at its base, her name will 
be loved and honored, linked with that of one who belonged 
to 'the kniglitlicst of a knightly race;' whose sweet and un- 
sullied life in lime of peace was in vivid contrast with the rec- 
ord of his valor in time of war; for I believe that Tennessee 
lost one of the noblest and most stainless of her chivalry when 
the gentle and heroic spirit of Julius A. Trousdale passed over 
10 the other side of the river to rest in the shade of the trees. 

"I rejoice that I, as one of those whose cradles were rocked 
in the storm nf war, a)n p^iiritted to testify for a new genera- 
lion our fidelity to the memory of our hero dead, our love and 
admiration for those, broken with time as with wounds, who 
will soon have gone to join their loved companions on the far- 
ther shore. In the course of nature they will ere long have 
passed into the shadow of that solemn and inevitable hour. 
I trust that no one of them will go to the grave broken-hearted 

Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 


by the ingratitude of his countrymen, his dying hour embit- 
tered by the thought tliat his wounds and suflferings are for- 
gotten. This monument, let me say, is raised not simply to tell 
the world of the valor and fortitude of the Confederate soldier- - 
they have builded for themselves a monument more lasting 
than brass and higher than the regal summit of the pyramids, 
a monument broad based on the universal admiration of man- 
kind, and which will tower to heaven wlien the stateliest 
memorials of princes shall be trampled into formless and un- 
liallowed dust. No, my friends, this monument is not to per- 
]ietuate their glory. Its chief purpose is to proclaim that you, 
my countrymen, arc proud to honor their deeds and to claim 
them as the noblest heritage of yourselves and your children 
forever. If you shall ever cease to do so, this monument to 
their glory will be a monument to your shame. 

"I know that no such dishonor v/ill ever brand the laureled 
brow of tliis proud and historic old county — a county which 
gave three thousand of htr best and bravest to tlic cause of 
the South; whose valor was tried and tested in the blaze and 
thunder of the greatest war that ever shook the earth, who 
stood witli the suffering South through four stormy years on 
the red edge of liatlle, until every field was drenched and every 
river ran red with tlie blood of her sons. .-Xnd sufTcr me here 
to pay my lunnble tribute to one of the many hero sons of 
Sumner County, one whose name will be ever glorious in the 
records of fame, who, tliank God ! is still spared to be the 
shepherd of Iiis people, a sliining example of civic virtue as of 
martial valor. Full of years, full of fame, and full of honors, 
he will bear with him to the grave the blessings of his country 
and a record without the spot of an unworthy or an unknightly 
deed. Until Sumner County become? ashamed of an integrity 

sK.NAroK ]•;. W. (.AKM.\l.K. 

that knows no weakness and a valor that knows no fear, it 
will exult in the name and fame of William B. Bate. 

"No, ladies and gentlemen, never, never, never will the time 
come wdien there will be a son or a daughter born of the 
blood of Sumner County whose eye will not dim with tears or 
kindle with fire for the deeds and sufferings of their sires. 

"Happy is that land, my countrymen, that is filled with the 
memorials of great deeds and glorious sufferings, whether they 
be of triumphs nobly won or of inevitable disasters proudly 
and heroically borne. It needs not that these memorials be 
wrought in arch and column and temple of victory. The land 
may be black with ruin, it may be strewn with the ashes of 
desolation and billowed with the graves of its dead ; but it will 
be and remain a land of legend, a land of song, a land of hal- 
lowed and heroic memories. If the hearts of the people be not 
lamed to .servitude ; if they accept the inevitable in no craven 
temjier, nor lick the dust in abject servility at the victor's 
foot ; if they face the future with undaunted spirit and erected 
brow — every ruin will be a temple, and the very ashes of the 
dead will kindle with a living and heroic fire. 

"My friends. I love the South not only for her shining and 
heroic deeds ; I love her for her sorrows and sufferings, for her 
misfortunes and calamities, and for the dead that sleep within 
her bosom 

"It has been said that 'a land without ruins is a land without 
memories, and a land without memories is a land without liber- 
ties. A land that wears a laurel crown may be fair to look 
upon ; but twmc a few sad cypress leaves about the brow of 
any laud, and, be that land barren, beautiless, and bleak, it be- 
comes lovely in its consecrated coronet of sorrow and wins 
the sympathy of the heart and of history. Crowns of roses 
fade; crowns of thorns endure foitvcr. Calvaries and cruci- 
li.xions take deepest hold on humanity. 'Tis their sufferings 
ihat are graven deepest on the chronicles of nations.' 

"My countrymen, if the South is filled with graves, it is 
tilled also with memories. These memories of the dead past 
will quicken into a living future. These graves of heroes are 
the wombs of heroes yet to be born. Who does not feel the 
truth as well as the beauty of the words of Father Ryan, the 
poet of the lost Confederacy : 

" 'O give me the land where the ruins are spread, 
.■\nd the living tread light on the hearts of the dead. 
O give me the land that is blessed by the dust, 
.And bright with the deeds of the war-slaughtered just. 
Give me the land v/here the battle's red blast 
Has flashed to the future the fame of the past. 
Give me the land that hath story and song 
To tell of the strife of the right with the wrong. 
Give mc the land with a grave in each spot, 
.■^nd names in the grave that shall not be forgot. 
Give me the land of the wreck and the tomb : 
There is grandeur in graves, there is glory in gloom, 
For out of the gloom future brightness is born 
.\s after the night comes the sunrise of morn; 
And the graves of the dead with the grass overgrown 
Shall yet be the footstool of liberty's throne; 
.Viid each single wreck in the warpath of night 
•Shall yet be a rock in the temple of right.' 

"Ladies and gentlemen, in rearing this monument to the 
Confederate soldiers we tcitify to the country and to_mankind 
our enduring fidelity to their memory, we commemorate their 
valor and devotion as displayed on many a bloody field. In 
doing so, let it be known to all that we come in no spirit of 
contrition for the past. We beg no tenderness of the future 
historian, no charity from the enlightened judgment of man- 


Qo^federati^ l/eterai). 

kind. Standing in ihe presence of this noble and impressive 
monument, we proudly front th» world and proclaim to the 
present and the coming time: 'These are our heroes, and their 
cause was ours.' We make for them no confession of wrong, 
we plead for no forgiveness of error, we ask no higher honor 
and no prouder fate than that by their deeds we may be 
judged, and our most fervent prayer is that the descendants 
of these heroes may be worthy of their sires. All that was 
mortal of the vast majority of those w'.iose deeds and mcn-;ries 
we revere has passed from the knowledge of living men. 

"They are not dead. The blood with which they drenched 
the battlefields of the Confederacy has risen from the ground 
in a new generation of heroic sons ; their hearts l)eat in the 
very bosoms that ache above their dust ; their spirits will ani- 
mate generations that are yet to be born. We may not look 
again into those fearless eyes that blenched not when death 
stood before them ; we may not clasp those hands that 'struck 
for liberty the dying blow.' And yet they are not dead. 'He 
never dies who falls in a great cause. His bones may sodden 
in the sun, his head be hung on city gate or castle wall, but 
still his spirit walks abroad.' 

"The flag they followed no longer proclaims — it will never 
again proclaim — the existence of a new nation upon the earth. 
"The warrior's banner has taken its flight to meet the war- 
rior's soul,' and together they stand at the bar of God, willing 
to be judged. But let us never forget that the cause of the 
South was sanctified by the prayers of her peerless daughters ; 
that it has been baptized in the blood of her sons ; that your 
fathers died for it ; that your mothers prayed for it. When I 
appeal to you. therefore, to cherish those hallowed memories 
of the past, when I beg yoi; to let no disrespectful word escape 
your lips for the cause that sleeps with the ashes of your sires, 
I do so by authority of the divine injunction to 'honor thy 
father and thy mother.' 

"Ladies and gentlemen, thoughtless or malevolent persons 
have sometimes reproached us for honoring our fallen heroes, 
and have demanded of us as a pledge of our loyalty to a re- 
united country that we give their memory to oblivion and their 
graves to the wilderness. They know not what they ask. 
They would have us prove our loyalty to the Union by proving 
ourselves recreant to the noblest sentiment that could swell the 
bosom of an American patriot. The valor of our Southern 
soldiers, the fortitude of our Southern women, and the fidelity 
with which we cherish the memory of their deeds and their 
sufferings are but the measure of our devotion to a reunited 
country and to the flag that waves over it from the lakes to the 
gulf, and from sea to sea. If the time shall ever come when 
the people of the South cease to exult in the glorious deeds 
of our Southern heroes and the matchles.s devotion of our 
Southern women, when their eyes will no longer swim with 
tears as the sorrowful memories of the old heroic days come 
trooping back, then indeed may we be scorned as a degenerate 
and ignoble race who could not be loyal to any country or 
faithful to any flag. No, my friends, the world respects us for 
what we are doing to-day. It will despise us if we ever re- 
nounce our own glorious past. 

"The victors have a right to ask of the South that she 
submit in good faith to the issue of that war upon which she 
staked her cause. That submission the people of the South 
have made. Proudly, patiently, with a silent heroism which 
outshines all the deeds of valor that were ever dor.,- in the 
crash and roar of battle, they have accepted the new duties 
and obligations placed upon them, and have lived up to them 
with a martyr's courage and a martyr's faith. All this the 
victors of that war may ask of us, but no more. We admit 

that we were defeated; we will not admit that we were wrong. 
We admit that our adversaries had a- larger army, but we 
will not admit tliat they had the better cause. I^t me say to 
>c-.;. my countrymen, there were some things that were not 
surrendered at Appomattox. We did not surrender our rishts 
in history, nor was it one of the conditions of surrender that 
unfiicndly lips should be suffered to tell the story of that war 
or that unfriendly hands should write the epitaphs of the Con- 
federate dead. We have n right to teach our children the true 
history of that war, the causes that led up to it, and the princi- 
ples involved. We need not confess that our fathers were 
traitors; we need not prove our fidelity by defaming the dead 
and calumniating the blood in our own veins. We resent such 
accusation not only because it is defamatory of our fathers 
but because it would be most mischievous teaching for coming 
generations not only in our own country but throughout the 
world. The world has paid its just tribute to the characters of 
the Southern leaders and the Southern soldiers. History has 
already placed the statesmen, the military chieftains, and the 
armies of the South beyond the reach of hatred and detraction. 
In the name of the young men of America, in the North as 
well as in the South, I protest against the effort to make them 
believe that crime can outrival virtue in the greatness of its 
achievements and the sublimity of its sufferings. 

''No, my friends, it is not necessary to the safety of the coun- 
try that coming generations of the South should be taught that 
their fathers organized a treasonable rebellion against the gov- 
ernment. They have a right to know that their fathers fought 
for a right which belonged to them under the Constitution. 
The doctrine of secession was maintained by the ablest pub- 
licists of the North as well as of the South. The very first 
treatise on the Constitution, written by the then leader of the 
Philadelphia bar, asserted the right of a State to secede from 
the Union. On no loss an authority than that of Senator 
Lodge, of Massachusetts, the men who framed the Constitu- 
tion regarded it as an experiment, and did not question the 
light of a State to secede if it so desired. The first secession 
movement in this country had its origin in New England, and 
not in South Carolina. Only si.xtecn years before South 
Carolina seceded, the State of Massachusetts, by solemn act of 
its Legislature, threatened to secede. 

"And, my coimtrymen, whatever else may be said of the 
secession leaders, they were bold, they were brave. They did 
not wait for a favorable opportunity, when the nation was 
weakened and distracted by a foreign war, to put their doc- 
trine to the trial of arms. With a courage so great that their 
enemies have described it as .sheer folly and madness, they 
challenged the power of a great nation, vastly superior in 
numbers, with practically unlimited resources and unlimited 
credit. Without an army, without a navy, without munitions 
of war, without factories to supply them, without money, with 
out credit, without even a governn;ent, they entered upon that 
contest. Against the appalling odds of nearly five to one they 
maintained it through four terrible years, and for a long 
time the issue of battle hung doubtful in the balance. All this 
llie impartial historian must say of the Southern secessionists ; 
tliat same historian must .say of the New England secessionists 
that they organized their rebellious conspiracy without any just 
cause of quarrel with the Union, and when the nation was in 
the throes of a doubtful conflict with the greatest power in 
the wor!-l. 

"All tli;5 \vc may say in no factious or sectional spirit, but 
because it is truth and a part of the history of our country 
We have a right to teach all these things to our childrea 
teaching them at the same time that we have accepted in good 

Q^opfederatc l/eterap, 


faith the leconst ruction of our government; that -the causes 
which once threatened to divide the country have passed away, 
and that henceforth the strength and glory of the South arc 
bound up forever with the strength and glory of the Union. 
After all, these States are united by stronger bonds than the 
phrases of a written constitution. We are bound together by 
a common interest, a common heritage, and a common hope. 

'Our Union is river, lake, ocean, and sky ; 

Man breaks not the medal when God cuts the die.' 

"Those who were loyal to the Confederacy will be as loyal 
to the Union, and those who are to come after them will be 
animated by their spirit and example. We rouse no spirit that 
is dangerous to the Union or to the peace of nations when we 
glorify their deeds. War is glorious only when it is fought for 
noble ends and when those who fight are inspired by noble 
motives. The Confederate soldier fought not for greed or 
conquest. He fought for home and fireside and country, in- 
spired by the same sentiment that nerved the soul of the 
Roman hero who kept the bridge 'in the brave days of old.' 

"But, my countrymen, while we honor the heroes, let us 
never forget the heroines of the South. It is related that when 
the sons of Rizpah fell victims to the vengeance of David and 
their outcast bodies were left unsepulchercd on the hill, she 
spread sackcloth upon the rock, and from the beginning of 
harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven she suf- 

fered neither the birds of the air to rest upon them by day 
nor the beasts of the field by night. 

"When the Southern soldier returned to his ruined home, 
there in the humble doorway stood the Southern woman like 
an angel of 'nope, cheering him on to victories of peace more 
glorious and renowned than those of war ; and through all the 
\ ears that have passed, through all the time of hate and malice 
and persecution, she has remained like Rizpah upon the rock, 
guarding with sleqjless vigilance the ashes of her dead. We 
do well to build monuments to the valor and prowess of the 
Southern soldiers; but if the power were mine, I would raise 
a monument to the Southern woman whose shaft would pierce 
the skies." 

Gov. Frazier and Senator Bate made brief addresses after 
Senator Carniack closed. 

Clark Chapter served dinner, and in the afternoon there 
were receptions, speech-making, and happy commingling of 
comrades and friends. 

The monument, which cost $2,000, consists of a granite shaft 
twenty-five feet high, surmounted by the figure of a Confed- 
erate soldier. On the front of the shaft is the inscription, 
"There is no nobler spot of ground than where exalted valor 
lies;" Confederate battle flag above. 

On the lower base is inscribed: "Confederate Soldiers." On 
one side is a shield, over which are crossed trumpets carved 
with "C. S. A.," and on the other is a wreath enclosing the 
dates, "1861-65, erected by the Daughters." 


It is pleasing and appropriate in connection with the fore- 
going to present a view of Langley Hall. It is built on the 
farm bought by Capt. James Trousdale, father of Gov. Trous- 
dale, more than a century ago, and has been in possession of 
the family ever since. This new residence is near the site of 
the original and about one mile from Gallatin. 

The magnificent house here illustrated, the residence of B. 
W. Allen, Esq., is new, but follows quite rigidly the old colo- 
nial style of architecture. There are the hard-wood floors, 
water and gas works exclusively for the place ; all desirable 
modern iuTprovements ; in fact, everything necessary to com- 

fort and convenience, but the colonial style in yellow and green 
blinds, tall Corinthian cohnnns, etc., is adhered to in the ex- 
terior, while the interior is much in accord. The main stair- 
way is quite of the style of that in Independence Hall, Phila- 
delphia, with porcelain-finished banisters, frescoed walls with 
higlily artistic and delicately painted decorations. It is much 
larger than is realized from the point of view taken by the 
artist. The plate is used by courtesy of The Building News, 
Evansvillc, Ind. This magnificent home is the gift to Mrs. 
Allen by her niece. Miss Kate Trousdale, with whom she has 
lived since early childhood. 


Qotjfederate l/eterarj. 


The prolonged visit of Countess Eugenie Bertinalti, of 
Castellamonte. ilaly. during the past few months has been a 
source of sincere pleasure to relatives and friends. This dis- 
tinguished lady is a native of Tennessee, her parents having 
been of the earlier settlers in one of the richest sections ot 
Middle Division of the State. Her paternal home, that of 
Col. Humphrey Bate, built of brick while Tennessee was a part 
of North Carolina, has been in the Bate family for many gen 
erations. She is a sister of Maj. H. C. Bate and closely re- 
lated to United States Senator Bate. 

The Countess first married at an early age Mr. Council R. 
Bass, by whom there were four children, two of whom blesse.l 
her life to mature years, but now all have passed away, and 
when the great war of the sixties occurred she resided upon 
her large estate between V'icksburg and Greenville, Miss. Dur- 
ing much of the war she lived there in comfort and was rare!;, 
disturbed. On one occasion, however, some Federal forces 
drove from the premises her horses and cattle and hauled away 
supplies. This loss was so serious that she went to Viclcsburg 
to see the commanding ofliocr. Gen. Grant, whose wife was 
present at the interview, and so interposed in her behalf that 
a letter from Gen. Grant served as protection from subsequent 
raiding Federals. She mentions that Gen. Grant "was most 
kind and unassuming in manner." Being a noncombatant, she 
took the oath of allegiance, and was allowed exceptional 
courtesies by the Federal authorities in visiting one of her 
brothers. Dr. Bate, who, severely wounded and enfeebled, owes 
his prolonged life doubtless to her nursing and the supply of 
nutritious food. 

As typical illustration of those thrilling and tragic days the 
Veteran is permitted to copy herewith in facsimile a letter 
from President Lincoln and one from Gen. Grant : 

(£.\'f(u1ivc l^liuisioii, 

W^Lf^,Li^..../..S':, , ,v, y 

ffuOr", jy^.^^^, i^£^^ ^y/r^ .^-c^il^ A^-i-^o^ 
^^ ^g'ffy^.^t /^Vi*^^^^-:v/^ i/^ Jt^^^jp^ x^Crt-*** .^x*^^...^ 

^ab-(Oiiarlfrs %xmt% of tbc Slniftb !»h(fs. 





As the wife of Count Bertinatti, who was Ambassador to 
the United States, and later to other countries, this distin- 

(Confederate Ueterai). 


guished woman of the South has had a most interesting expe- 
rience. At this writing slie is visiting her old plai'.'_:ion in 
Mississippi, especially anxious for the welfare of old servants. 
It is safe to state that she and the late Ellen Adair Beatty, 
who was known as the gifted and beautiful "Florida White," 
were of the most distinguished women in the United States 
The latter, a native of Kentucky, died at Oxford. Miss, sev- 
eral years ago. 


The following address to the Chapters of the Texas Divi- 
sion. U. D. C, was sent out by Miss Katie Dafifan, President : 

".•\ shadow of deepest gloom hangs over our Southland to- 
day. The hearts of our Veterans are bowed in genuine sor- 
row, our Sons of Veterans stop to fen'ently remember that 
upon them will soon rest the responsibility of living on the 
'work of our Confederate soldier.' The Daughters of the 
Confederacy, in tender grief, realize that their strongest advo- 
cate has passed into eternal rest and glory, and his beautiful 
life service and character will be a part of our work memorial. 
Gen. John B. Gordon, the brave-hearted, with courage to the 
end, surrendered to Death January 9, 1904. 

"It was Gen. Gordon who first gave to our dearly beloved 
Winnie Davis the title, 'Daughter of the Confederacy.' From 
him did we have approval of our historical work, in all of onr 
efforts for our soldiers, and the erection of monuments, and 
he oftentimes expressed himself as being delighted with the 
wonderful advancement, the work accomplished, and the large 
membership of the Texas Division. 

"His soul was attuned to all that was broad and great and 
good in humanity, and he could say with adoring love, "Our 

"Let every Chapter of the Texas Division honor tlic memory 
of our heroic dead, and let appropriate memorial service be 
held by each Chapter, together with the Veterans and Sons of 

"Gen. Gordon was a guest in many of our Texas homes, 
and our entire citizenship delighted to do him honor. His 
birthday occurs February 6, and I suggest that at that time 
we observe memorial service. 

"Trusting this may meet response from all of our Chapters, 
for Gen. Gordon held the most distinguished office in the 
gilt of the United Confederate \'eterans, and it is in honor of 
the Confederate Veterans that wc have our organization. 
Daughters of the Confederacy." 

Although the foregoing comes late, it is given as an impor- 
tant paper from the President of the large Texas Division. 

Excellent new Chapters have just been organized in Van 
Alstyne, Floresville, and Chapel Hill, Tex. The work in Texas 
grows greater each year, more and more is being done by the 
Daughters in their strong organized work. 

"Texas Heroes' Day" was observed by the Chapters of the 
Texas Division March 15, commemorating the deeds of valor 
and many virtues of the Confederate soldiers identified with the 
Lone Star State — Albert Sidney Johnston, Dick Dowling, Sul 
Ross, Gen. Hood, Gen. Sam Green, Gen. William P. Rogers, 
Gen. Terry, Pelham, Pat Cleburne, and all who loved the 
State and were a part of the history of the State. This day 
will be observed annually by the Texas Daughters of the Con- 

Preparations are now being made by all Chapters for the ob- 
servance of Annual Decoration and Memorial Day, April 26. 
at which time Crosses of Honor will be bestowed upon the 


A subscriber, an old cadet of the Lexington Military Insti- 
tute in the days of Stonewall Jackson, now living in Richmond, 
Va., writes : 

"In the Veteran of December an account is given of an oc- 
currence which took place at Lexington, Va., just prior to the 
war. A few months ago another version of it was printed in 
the Youth's Companion. A perusal of these articles raises the 
query as to whether the details of war history or, indeed, any 
history can be relied upon. 

"The Youth's Companion represents the occurrence as taking 
place on Sunday, and that Stonewall Jackson, while in church, 
was informed that the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute 
were rushing pellmell upon Washington College to wreak 
vengeance upon the students of that institution for resisting .in 
attempt on the part of some cadets to pull down the United 
States flag from their building. 

"Now, the affair occurred on Saturday, and the students of 
Washington College had no more to do with it than those of 
Harvard or Yale. It is doubtful if they ever had a flag, and the 
cadets did not even take the usual route to the town, which 
passes W'ashington College, but ran down the slope in front of 
the barracks, across the field, to the road leading directly into 
the town. 

"The account in the December \'et£ran comes much nearer 
being correct as to the causes leading to the affair. But both 
accounts say that Jackson took charge of the corps of cadets 
and marched them hither and thither, etc. I was a participant 
in the affair, and my recollection is that when the cadets 
reached the lower part of the main street we halted and formed 
into line; that we were met by some of the Institute autliori- 
ties, among whom Maj. Jackson may have been present and he 
may have been the speaker (I do not now remember) ; that the 
cadets yielded to the argument used to get them to return to 
the Institute, the promise perhaps being given then (as it 
was at an after meeting held at the barracks) that the party 
guilty of the assault and battery should be arrested and the 
legal penalty inflicted. But that Jackson took charge of the 
cadets and 'marched' and 'countermarched' them, 'wheeled' 
them down the street, and 'drilled' them in such and such a 
■field,' and, after getting them 'blown,' dismissed them to be 
good boys, is simply as baseless as the fabric of a vision. 
Neither by order from Jackson or any one else was there any 
"drilling' and 'double-quicking' until we had 'cooled off.' The 
cadets broke ranks and went back just as they had come, every 
man for himself, and the corps was stretched out along the 
road for perhaps a quarter of a mile. I remember when I 
reached barracks that, not wishing to put my gun in the rack 
with a load in it, I fired at a little sai)ling in front of the bar- 
racks (and missed it). 

"I do not mean in any way to reflect on the motives or verac- 
ity of those who wrote the versions alluded to, but let us all 
in preparing material for the future historian be scrupulously 
careful to get facts and omit all frills. Not only do these ac- 
counts make Jackson do what he never did," but they might 
create the impression that the cadets, whose gallantry at New 
Market won the admiration of friends and foes alike, were a 
lot of imbeciles who could be bamboozled without half an 

In report of the History Committee, U. D. C, among the 
books commended for use in Southern schools was the "Re- 
view of Slavery in the United States," by Mrs. Sophie Fox 
Sea, of Kentucky. This was mentioned as being by Mrs. 
.Sophie Fox. and the f.ill name is herewith given. 


Confederate l/eterap. 

Confederate l/eteraip. 

S. A. CVSSlSaUAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
OQice: Methodist Pablishini; 111 use Building, Noshvillr, Tenn. 

Thia publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningliam, All per* 
floos who approve its principles and realize its bcnetits as an orjjjin for Asso- 
ciations tnroaghout the South ape requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

The Grand Camp of Virginia Confederate Vcierans has 
published in pamphlet form five thousand copies of Judge 
Christian's report as Chairman of the Virginia History Com- 
mittee for free distribution. 


Just as we go to press a letter from Judge William Lowndes 
Calhoun, President and Chairman of the Central Executive 
Committee of the John B. Gordon Monument Association, At- 
lanta, Ga., states: "We are striving energetically to succeed in 
our effort to raise funds for the Gordon monument." 

This brief statement ineans much. It suggests promptness 
in action while it is understood that State lines are not to be 
considered in this tribute of love to the cininent Southerner and 
great-hearted patriot. Each State should take pride in its 
record to honor Gen. John B. Gordon. Any subscriptions sent 
to the Veteran will be properly acknowledged and remitted 
to the Treasurer, E. H. Thornton, Atlanta, Ga. 


Gen. P. A. S. McGlashan, commanding Georgia Division, 
United Confederate Veterans, writes: 

"Comrades: Ihe following resolution was passed on Feb- 
ruary 4 by Camp No. 1477, Macon, Ga. : 

" 'Whereas the South Atlantic Baseball League proposes to 
open its season April 26, known as Memorial Day, and by 
legislative action a legal holiday, set apart as strictly dedicated 
to the memory of our dead Confederate soldiers ; therefore 
be it 

" 'Resolved, That it is the unanimous opinion and wish of 
Camp Macon, U. C. V., No. 1477, that our unqualified and un- 
alterable protest be entered against the use of this day for 
sports, the reason being that the sacred and tender memories 
of this our dear Southland for our grand old Confederate 
heroes should not be encroached upon by anything that would 
lessen the interest and loyalty of our young people whose fa- 
thers stood in defense of our Southern homes from 1861 to 
1865. We ask all other Camps in the State of Georgia to ex- 
press themselves on the subject.' 

"The Commanding General wishes to indorse the above reso- 
lution, and beg that every Camp in the State will see that the 
day set apart for the decoration of the graves of our honored 
dead comrades is not desecrated by unseemly amusements." 

Troup County Camp, No. 405, U. C. V., heartily indorse the 

Newark (Ark.) Journal: "The Confederate Veteran, pub- 
lished at Nashville, Tenn., has started a movement to collect 
a sufficient fund by popular donations of one dollar each to 
erect a suitable monument to the memory of 'Bill Arp,' who 
died a few months ago. 'Bill Arp's' writings were read and 
admired by everybody in this part of the country, and the 
Journal would like to see a liberal donation to the fund sent 
in from Newark. We are going to start the list with $1, 
and if any of our citizens wish to contribute, they can hand 
us tJieir donation or send it direct to the Veteran. The 

names of all who contribute will be published in the Journal 
and the list forwarded to the Veteran, to be added to the 
fund, and all the names will then be published in the Veteran. 

Neu's and Courant, Cartersville, Ga. : "It is with peculiar 
pride and pleasure that the News and Courant notes the noble 
work begun by Mr. S. A. Cunningham, editor of the Con- 
federate Veteran at Nashville, of raising a fund with which 
to erect a monument to the late lamented Maj. Charles H. 
Smith (Bill Arp), of this city. . . . We notice that the list does 
not contain any Cartersville names as yet. Perhaps this is 
because there has been no local movement to help the fund 
along, for we are sure it is only necessary to call the attention 
of our people to the matter to get offerings. We have no 
method to suggest, but merely urge the fitness, the necessity 
of help from the home friends of Maj. Smith. Of course in- 
dividual contributions could be sent to Mr. Cunningham, but 
it occurs to us that it would look better for some of our citi- 
zens to interest themselves and get up a real nice sum and for- 
ward all together. Who will start the ball rolling? Remem- 
ber the shaft will be erected in Oak Hill cemetery." 

Additional Contributions to the Bill Aep Fund. 

Doster, J. W., Kingsland, Ark $ i 00 

Spencer, Dr. B. F., Weston, Tex I cx) 

Bivins, J. K., Kildarc, Tex I 00 

McKeen, J. D., Fulton, Ky I 00 

Byars, H. C-, Sidney, Iowa I 00 

Bruslc, C. A., Plaquemine, La i 00 

Du Buisson, C. J., Yazoo City, Miss i 00 

Garrett, George, Pulaski, Tenn i 00 

Garrett, Miss Kate, Pulaski, Tenn I 00 

Garrett, Miss Carrie, Pulaski, Tenn I 00 

Hough, E. S., Manchester, Tenn I (X) 

Robert, Rev. P. G., St. Louis, Mo i 00 

Tomb, J. H., St. Louis, Mo i 00 

.Austin, Miss C, Lonoke, Ark i 00 

Coker, J. C, Hartsvillc, S. C i 00 

Stephens, J. R., Franklin, Tenn 2 tx) 

Gardner, D. B., Fort Worth, Tex I 00 

Ellison, Col. R. L., Fort Worth, Tex I 00 

Muggah, J. P., Patterson, La I 00 

Park, Capl. R. E., Atlanta, Ga 3 oc 

Park, Mrs. R. E., Atlanta, Ga I 00 

Park, Miss Etta, Atlanta, Ga i 00 

Beale, A. J., Cynthiana, Ky i 00 

"Lankford Bras., Pueblo, Colo 2 c» 

Riley, Mrs. J. H., Omega, La i 00 

Reed, C. A., Anderson, S. C I 00 

Bryan, J. T., Marianna, Fla I 00 

Newsom, Mrs. M. J., Marianna, Fla i 00 

Barry, Mrs. O. A., Sherman, Tex i 00 

Murphy, R. C, Natchez, La l 00 

Bates, J. Y., Corsicana, Tex i 00 

Mallette, J. H., Jr., Roanoke, Tex i 00 

Pickett, Fred L., Hector, .-Via i 00 

Pickett, Hugh F., Hector, .\la i 00 

Pickett, James N., Hector, Ala i 00 

Chadwick, Mrs. E. J., Beaufort, N. C i 00 

Ritter, W. L., Baltimore, Md i 00 

Head, T. L., Hector, Ala i 00 

Total to date, $129.25. 

The complete list will be published later. The Veteran 
believes implicitly that many others will be gratified with op- 
portunity to contribute, and that they will not delay longer than 
the reunion in June. Please keep this in mind. 

Confederate l/eteraij. 


Official Report of tlie History Conimittee of tlie Grand Camp, C. V., Department of Virginia. 

THE following report was submitted to the Grand Camp of 
Confederate Veterans of Virginia at its annual meeting, 
held at Newport News, Va., October 28th, 1903. It was then 
unanimously adopted, and five thousand copies were directed by 
the Camp to be published in pamphlet form. A few days after 
this action on the part of the Camp, the author saw a statement 
in the newspapers to the effect that a committee had been ap- 

pointed by the North Carolina Historical Society to investigate 
the statements contained in the report. The author was most 
anxious that if there were any errors in the report, they should 
be corrected before it was put in a more permanent form ; and 
it was with this view that the publication has been postponed 
until this time. GEO. L. CHRISTIAN, Chairman. 

Richmond, February 20th, 1904. 

To Ihe Grand Camp of Confederate Veterans of I'irginia: 

Your History Committee again returns its ti:anks to yoii 
and the public for the flattering and cordial way in which 
you have received its last report. It will be as gratifying to 
you as it is to the committee to know that we have heard 
of lui attempt to controvert any statement contained in anj' 
report of this committee up to this time. It will also he 
gratifying to you to learn that at the late reunion of the 
United Confederate Veterans, held in New Orleans, the 
several reports of your committee were not only incorpo- 
rated as a part of the report of the History Committee of 
that great organization, Init received its unanimous and un- 
qualified indorsement. 


We had expected in this report to discuss a very different 
subject from that which now claims our attention. Indeed, 
we deeply regret that the matter which demands our atten- 
tion at this time should have to be considered by us at all. 
But we conceive it to be our first duty to our Mother State 
to see that her record in the Confederate war is kept true, 
and not misunderstood or misrepresented by either friend or 
foe. We have always deprecated controversies between 
Confederates. We think, as Gen. Early once said, there is 
glory enough attached to the Confederate struggle for all 
of us to have a share, that we should stand together and 
see that the truth of that conflict is preserved; this is all we 
have a right to ask. and ive should be conleut witli nothing less. 

This being our position, we repeat our sincere regret that 
some recent publications from representatives of our sister 
State of North Carolina have come to us in such a way, and 
that these publications emanate from such sources, that they 
demand consideration and attention at the hands of your com- 
mittee. We again repeat our sorrow that we feel compelled 
to notice these matters, and in doing so we shall strive to 
say nothing which will even tend to detract from the fame 
won by the glorious "Old North State" in the Confederate 
war, e.xcept in so far as attempts have been made to augment 
that fame at the expense of Virginia. 


We know the people of North Carolina and greatly ad- 
mire their many virtues and noble characteristics. We knew 
the soldiers sent by her to the Army of Northern Virginia. 
We have seen their splendid bearing and frightful sacrifices 
on many a field of carnage, and we bear willing testimony 
to the fact that no truer, better, or braver soldiers ever 
Stood on the "bloody front of battle." North Carolina is 
truly a great State, inhabited by a noble people, and with a 
record of which she has a right to be proud. We love State 
pride, and particularly that State pride and devotion to prin- 
ciple which has made North Carolina do what she could to 
preserve the names and records of her soldiers in the Con- 

federate armies. Every other Southern State should follow 
her example, no matter ivhat it may cost to do so. 

No truer patriots ever lived or died for their country 
than those who fought in the Confederate armies. These 
men are as well satisfied now as they ever viere that their 
cause was just. They enlisted at the command of their sev- 
eral States; they did their duty to the best of their ability; 
they are. and have a right to be, proud of their achievements, 
and they have a right to expect that their States will see to 
it that their names and the record of their deeds are pre- 


Conceding, as we cheerfully do, the great fame achieved by 
North Carolina in the Confederate war, it seems to us, from 
reading the publications to which we have referred, that some 
of our friends from that State have not been either just or 
generous in some of their allusions to her sister States, and 
have seemed both spiteful and boastful in some of their charges, 
claims, and references to their "next-door neighbor," Virginia. 
What Virginia may have done to provoke this, we are not ad- 
vised. If aught, we regret it. It is these charges, these claims 
and seeming reflections on Virginia alone, that we now pro- 
pose to consider, as we feel in duty bound to do. In doing 
this we shall not imitate the course pursued by some of the 
writers to whom we have referred. Some of these have not 
hesitated to reflect on the people and soldiers from Virginia 
in the harshest and, in our opinion, most unjust manner. We 
shall not imitate these writers (l) because we feel confident 
that they do not, in their criticisms of Virginia and her people, 
reflect the real feelings of North Carolinians toward Virginians, 
and (2) because neither the people of Virginia nor the soldiers 
sent by her to the Confederate armies need any defense at 
our hands. The presentation of the truth of what Virginia 
did and dared and suffered for the Confederate cause is her 
complete vindication, and it is a part of this that we now 
filially but cheerfully assume. 


First: The first and most serious claim made by 
North Carolina is that she furnished more troops to 
the Confederacy than any other Southern State. 
This claim has been made and published far and wide, 
and, as far as we know, no attempt has been made to con- 
trovert it. It generally assumes the form of a boast, but 
is sometimes made the basis of a complaint. We saw not 
long since in a North Carolina paper (the Charlotte Observer 
of May I", 1003) a statement from the pen of a distinguished 
writer of that State, in which he complained that partiality 
had been shown to Virginia, and consequent injustice done 
to North Carolina, during the war, in the appointment of the 
general officers of the army, especially, he said, since Virginia 
had furnished only about "6,000 troops to the Confederacy, 
to North Carolina's 126,000, or 50,000 more than Virginia. 


Qo»;federat(5 Ueterarj, 


So far as the question of partiality is concerned, since 
President Davis, who made all these appointments, was not 
a Virginian, there was no reason why he should have been 
partial to Virginians unless their merits warranted it. And, 
in our opinion, no good reason is given by this writer for 
any such alleged misconduct on his part. We believe Mr. 
Davis was not only a true patriot but a great and good man, 
and that it would have been almost impossible to have found 
any one who could or would have discharged the delicate 
and difficult duties of his office more satisfactorily to all 
than he did. 

But what concerns us far more is the claim made by this 
writer that North Carolina, with a smaller white population 
than Virginia, furnished fifty thousand more troops to the 
Confederacy. This claim necessarily implies that North 
Carolina was more loyal to the Confederate cause than Vir- 
ginia, or, in other words, discharged her duty in this, the 
Rrcatest crisis in the history of these States, better than 


Let us examine the record on this point first, then, and see 
if this claim is sustained by it. 

In Series IV., Vol. III., at page 95, of are termed 
"The War of the Rebellion Official Records," will be found 
a carefully prepared official report to the "Bureau of Con- 
scription" of the Confederate War Department, giving in 
much detail the number and character of the troops furnished 
by the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi up to January 25, i86i. 
This report shows that the "total number of men sent to the 
field" by Virginia up to that time was (page 102) 15.3,- 
876, whilst the total number sent by North Carolina up to 
that time was only 88,457, or 63,419 less than Virginia. 

This report further shows that according to the then 
last census there were remaining in Virginia, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five, 13,248 men to be accounted 
for as soldiers; and in North Carolina 12,877. So that, if 
every man of those unaccounted for in North Carolina had 
been subsequently sent to the field, and not one of those 
from Virginia, still, according to this report, Virginia would 
have furnished fifty-two thousand, five hundred and forty- 
three more than North Carolina. 

At page 99 of this report, in referring to North Carolina, the 
following statement is made : 

"The Adjutant General of the State has estimated 
that the State has put into the service 100,000 men, 
but his calculations contain an apparent error, in 
which he has accounted for 14,000 men twice. His 
estimate should therefore be less than mine." 

We do not quote this for the purpose of intimating that 
North Carolina may (unintentionally, of course) still be 
counting "twice," in making up the number she now claims, 
but only to show that her own .'Xdjutant General did not 
then claim that North Carolina had furnished more than 
one hundred thousand men, whilst Virginia had then sent to 
the field, as shown by this report, one hundred and fifty-three 
thousand, eight hundred and seventy-six, and rather more than 
double the number with which she is credited by the distin- 
guished writer to whom we have just referred. 

At page 100 of this same report, in accounting for the 
troops furnished by South Carolina, occurs this item and 
statement — viz. ; 

"Without passing through camps 13,953." 

"A large part of this number (13,953) will be found 

10 have volunteered in Xorth Carolina regiments, hav- 
ing been drawn into that State by the inducements of 
double bounty, which was at one time offered to vol- 
These troops from South Carolina are, doubtless, counted 
by North Carolina in the number .«he now claims, and may. 
to some extent, account for how she furnished 10.000 more 
soldiers to the Confederacy than her voting population, as 
shown in a then recent election, of which fact she now justly 


As showing that the report from which we have quoted 
is substantially correct, the largest number of troops we 
have seen anywhere claimed to have been furnished oy 
North Carolina is that contained in the report from the pres- 
ent Adjutant General's office, and this number is put at 
about 127,000, and, of course, this includes the "total of all 
men disposed of" from the State — all in the field, and all ex- 
emptions from whatever cause. The report from which we 
have quoted above (page 103) gives North Carolina 126,623 
and to Virginia (counting in the same way) 178.933. or 52,- 
316 more than North Carolina. 


Whilst this report gives the number of regiments, bat- 
talions, and batteries furnished by Virginia, it does not give 
the number of those furnished by North Carolina. But we 
are enabled to supply this apparent omission from another 
source, to be found in the same volume at page 722. As late 
as October 11, 1864, Gov. Vance wrote to Gen. Bragg (a 
native of North Carolina), then stationed in Richmond, ask- 
ing Bragg to furnish him with the number of troops fur- 
nished by North Carolina to the Confederacy, and saying he 
wished this information in order to "know what North Car- 
olina had done in comparison with the other States." in view 
of a proposed meeting of the Governors of the South, then 
about to assemble at Augusta, Ga. On this letter of inquiry 
there is an indorsement stating that, whilst the number of 
iroops furnished by North Carolina could not be given 
without laborious research, there was then in the Confed- 
erate service from that State sixty-seven regiments, five bat- 
talions, twelve unattached companies, two State regiments 
doing service for the Confederacy, and nine battalions of 
reserves then organized. The report of January 25, 1864, 
above referred to, shows that Virginia had then sent to thj 
field sixty-three regiments of infantry, forty battalions of 
infantry, twenty regiments of cavalry, forty battalions of 
cavalry, and one hundred and twenty-five batteries of ar- 
tillery (page 96). 

A comparison of these organizations of the two States 
gives this result — viz.: That where North Carolina had fur- 
nished the Confederacy, in all arms of the service, si.x-ty-nine 
regiments, Virginia had furnished eighty-three; where North 
Carolina had furnished fourteen battalions, Virginia had fur- 
nished eighty; and where North Carolina had furnished 
twelve unattached companies (presumably batteries), Vir- 
ginia had furnished one hundred and tzventy-five batteries; 
and it is worthy of remark, that the report showing the 
number of these Virginia organizations is dated eight months 
in advance of that showing the number of the North Caro- 
lina organizations. 


Second: Anotlier charge made by another distin- 
guished North Carolina writer (Capt. IV. R. Bond in 
his pamphlet entitled "Pickett or Pettigrcw") is that 

C^orjfederate l/eterai^. 


"citizens of Virginia were filling nearly one-half of the 
positions of honor and trust, eivil and military," in the 

So far as the appointment of the general officers of the 
army is involved in this charge, we have already said that 
we believed they were made by Mr. Davis solely on the 
merits of the appointees; and we think it will be admitted 
by all that some of these appointments could not have been 
improved upon, or perhaps made at all from any other State. 

As to the charge, so far as it applies to the other military 
ofticers, this was made by Gov. Vance during the war, and 
if any one wishes to see a complete refutation of it, they 
have only to refer to the letter from Gen. Lee to the Con- 
federate Secretary of War, dated September 9, 1863, Reb. 
Rec, Series I., Vol. XXIX., Part II.. p. 723.. 

As to the civil positions of honor and trust of whicli this 
writer says one-half were filled by Virginians, and that Rich- 
mond thought "all should be thus filled." If he means by 
this to charge that Virginia had a larger number of men 
exempted from military duty to fill these places than any 
other State (as would have been reasonable, since she had 
the largest number in the field and was the seat of the capi- 
tol, with all the departments of the government), then the 
report, from which we have just quoted, shows that in this 
he is greatly mistaken. This report, at page 103, shows that 
the "total e.vcmpts" in \'irginia at that lime were twenty-five 
thousand and sixty-three; whilst those in North Carolina num- 
bered Ihirly-cight thousand, one hundred and sixty-six. And in 
the same volume in which this report is to be found, at page 
851, will be found this remarkable exhibit, under the heading 
"Number of State Officers" in each Southern State exempted 
■ n certificates of their Governors. This last paper shows 
ihat while the number of these oflicers exempted in Vir- 
sinia was ok? thousand, four hundred and ttventy-two, the 
number exempted in North Carolina was fourteen thousand, 
six hundred and seventy-fiz'C, more than ten times as many as 
in any other Southern State. 


Third : .-1 third claim made by another distinguished 
North Carolina writer is that one of the eifecls of the 
fight made by the "Bethel Regiment" at Bethel ivas 
the "possibly holding Virginia in the Confederacy." 
(See article by Maj. Edward J. Hale, "North Carolina 
Regiments '61 to '65," Vol. I., p. 123.) 
The only theory on which we can account for this uncalled- 
for suggestion is, that the writer wished to attribute to this 
regiment the greatest possible achievement the fecundity of 
his imagination could conceive of, and hence this "un- 
kindest cut of all" at our old mother. Virginia joined the 
Confederacy before North Carolina; and we will show later 
on, by the testimony of ail the representatives of all the 
Southern States, that no State in the Confederacy showed 
more devotion to the cause, and that none was ready to make or 
made greater sacrifices in its behalf. 


We have no intention or desire to magnify either the serv- 
ices rendered by Virginia to tlic Confederacy or the suf- 
ferings and sacrifices of her people for the Confederate cause. 
Indeed, from what we know of these, we think it would be 
difficult to do this. But since some North Carolina writers 
have laid so much stress on the part performed by thiir 
State in these directions (a claim we have no disposition to 
contest), it seems to us both pertinent and proper to cail 
attention to two things which apply to Virginia, but do not 

apply to North Carolina or to any other Southern State. 
These are: 

VIRGINIA A "battleground" 

1. P'irginia ivas a "battleground" from the beginning to 
the end of the war. No people who have not had this ex- 
perience can form any conception of what it means, and this 
was literally true of Virginia "from her mountains to her 
seashore." Every day and every hour for lour long years 
the tramp or the camp, the bivouac or the battle of both 
armies were upon Virginia's soil. Six hundred of the two 
thousand battles fought were fought in Virginia, and the 
fenceless fields, the houseless chimneys, the charred ruins 
and the myriad graves left all over Virginia at the close of 
the war marked and measured the extent to which her ma- 
terial resources had contributed to that struggle, and the 
devotion of her people to the Confederate cause. These 
tilings also showed in the utter desolation produced by the 
war, and in the difficulties and disadvantages the State and 
her people have labored under ever since. 


2. Virginia zcas the only Southern State dismembered bv 
the war. One-third of her territory (the richest in many 
respects) and one-third of her people were actually torn from 
her by the mailed hand of war not only without her consent 
but contrary to an express provision of the [•'cdcral Constitu- 
tion. The true history of this "political rape," as it was 
termed by Gen. Wise, is one of the blackest political crimes in 
the annals of history. 


Fourth: The fourth claim or claims (and the last to 
which ive can refer) preferred by North Carolina are 
set forth in these very striking terms — viz. : That she 

"First at Bethel; farthest to the Front at Gettysburg 
and Chickamauga; Last at Appomattox." 
This legend in this form is inscribed on the cover of each of 
the five volumes published by the State, entitled "North Caro- 
lina Regiments, 1861-65," to be thus perpetuated throughout all 

Of course, sucli claims, thus asserted, and conveying to 
the world what these necessarily do, should be above and 
beyond all criticism or cavil. Let us see if these will stand 
this test. Before instituting this inquiry, let us first ask, 
respectfully, why these claims arc made at all. The learned ed- 
itor of the volumes to which we have just referred disclaims 
that they are intended as a boast. But we again r-npectfully 
ask: Can they mean anj'thing else than /that North Carolina 
means by them to proclaim the fact that the troops furnished 
by her were better, and therefore did better at the important 
points named, than those from any other State. 

It is worthy of note, too, that our friends are getting more 
aggressive in their claiming with the passing of time. The 
first form assumed by this legend, and inscribed on the Con- 
federate monument at Raleigh, was only: 

"First at Bethel; Last at Appomattox." 
We next hear of it as inscribed on her memorial room in 
Richmond as: 

•■I'irsI at Bethel; Farthest to the Front at Gettysburg; 
Last Jt .tppomattox." 
And now Chickamauga's "bloody front" is also included. 
One of her writers has already claimed lh:it "ChanccUors- 
ville" was a "North Carolina fight." and that Gettysburg 
ought to be so denominated, too; and so our friends go on 
claiming from step to step just as during the war. 


QoF>federat8 l/eterai). 

"From rank to rank their volleyed thunders flew." 
As before staled, we have no intention or desire to detract 
one iota from the fame of North Carolina, except where al- 
ien. pts have been made to augment thai fame at the expense 
of Virginia. Keeping this purpose steadily before us. we 
now propose to inquire whether or not some of the claims 
set up by North Carolina in this legend do injustice to Vir- 
ginia. And first as to the claim that she was "first at Bethel." 


In Volume IV. of the "Confederate Military History," j.t 
page 19. will be found a carefully prepared account of the 
battle of Bctht-1. written by D. H. Hill, Jr., son of the in- 
trepid soldier of that name who commanded the First North 
Carolina in that fight, and, therefore, one with every natural 
incentive to say all that could be said truthfully, both on 
behalf of his father and his regiment. He says: "About nine 
o'clock in the morning of the loth (June) the Federals ap- 
peared on the field in front of the Southern works, and Gre- 
ble's battery took position. A shot from a ParrotI gun in 
the Confederate works ushered in the great Civil War on 
the land." 

This first shot was fired from the battery of the Richmond 
(Va.) Howitzers, which had already fired the "first shot" 
fired on Virginia's soil nearly a month before at Gloucester 
Point. We are not claiming, however, any special credit 
for having fired this conceded first shot, the firing of which 
was only fortuitous. But Virginia was at Bethel, along with 
North Carolina, not only represented by the commanding 
general, himself a Virginian, but by all three arms of the 
service (infantry, artillery, and cavalry), and these troops 
are mentioned by the commanding general, along with those 
from North Carolina, net only in his report of the battle but 
also, and in complimentary terms, in the report of Gen. 
(then Col.) D. H. Hill, commanding the only North Carolina 
troops there. Was not Virginia at Bethel, then, standing 
side by side with North Carolina? Did she not do her duty 
there as well? If she did, why the invidious claim th,^.t 
North Carolina was Urst at Bethel? Is this just to Virginia? 
We think not, in all kindness and courtesy. Bethel is in Vir- 
ginia, and to claim that the troops of any other State were 
more prompt in defending her soil than those from Virginia 
necessarily reflects on Virginia. 


As TO Gettysburg : We were there, and by reason of our 
position on the field, we saw that battle as we never saw 
any other. We saw the charges of Pickett's, Pcttigrcw'.-. 
and render's Divisions. We saw some of Pickett's men go 
over the enemy's works and into their lines. We did not 
think then, and do not think now, that Pettigrew's and Pen- 
der's went so far, and we know this was the consensus of 
opinion of those around us at the time. 

But be this as it may, the world's verdict is that Pickett's 
men went as far as men could go and did all that men could 
do. Mr. Charles Francis Adams has recently written of 
them, that the vaunted charge of Napoleon's "Old Guard" 
at Waterloo did not compare with that of Pickett's men, 
and was "as boys' play beside it." 

Gen. John B. Gordor, of Georgia, perhaps the most dis- 
tinguished Confederate officer now living, who was at Get- 
tysburg, has very recently written that the "point where 
Pickett's Virginians, under Kemper, Garnett, and Armistead, 
ill their immortal charge swept over the rock wall, has been 
appropriately designated by the government as the high-zvater 
mark of Ihr rebellion." And we believe this will be the ver- 
dict of history for all time. 

Since there has been so much discussion on this point, 
and some of it, we think, both unfortunate and intemperate, 
we propose to consider this claim calmly and dispassionately, 
not from what wo saw, or what we and others may have 
thought a: the time of the battle, or may think now, but from 
the o/Kiial reforls .1/ the ci mnianding ofUcers, written only a 
few days afttr the battle. These reports are the best evidence. 
and must and will be accepted as conclusive of what then oc- 
curred. We have read so much of all of these reports. Con- 
federate and Federal, as we could find published and as would 
throw light on this question, and we propose to make such 
extracts from the most important of these as we think should 
settle this controversy for all time. It is proper to say in this 
connection that the statements contained in these reports were 
accepted as true at the time, and remained so for thirty years. 
History, both at the North and at the South, has been based 
on them, and it seems to us remarkable that this controversy 
should have arisen so long after the happening of the events as 
thus established. But the controversy has now arisen, and 
hence the necessity for appealing to the record to settle it. 
The question is, Which troops went "farthest to the front" — 
). e., penetrated the enemy's works farthest — on the 3d day 
of July, 1863. at Gettysburg in the famous charge of that day — 
Pickett's, Pettigrew's, or Pender's? We say Pickett's; North 
Carolinians say Pettigrew's. 

In order to understand the situation and the quotations 
we shall make from the reports, it is necessary to state what 
forces constituted the "charging column" and the dispositions 
and alignments of these forces. This column was composed 
of Pickett's Virginia Division on the right and a part of 
Heth's Division (commanded by Pettigrew) on the left, with 
a part of Anderson's Division to guard the left flank of Petti- 
grew, and Wilcox's and Perry's Brigades of Anderson's Divi- 
sion the right flank of Pickett. Pickett's Division was called 
the "directing division," and was composed of Kemper's, Gar- 
nett's, and Armislead's Brigades — Kemper's on the right. 
Garnctt's on the left, supported by Armistead in the rear and 
center. Pettigrew's Division was composed of Archer's, Petti- 
grew's, Davis's, and Brockcnbrough's Brigades, supported by 
Scales's and Lane's Brigades of Pender's Division, then com- 
manded by Gen. Trimble; Scales's Brigade (commanded by 
Col. Lowrance) being in rear of Archer's (commanded by 
Col. Fry), and Lane's being on the left of Scales, supporting 
Pettigrew's Brigade (then commanded by Col. Marshall). 
All of the reports refer to the magnificent way in which all of 
these troops advanced to the charge, and we shall institute no 
comparison between them; they were all gallant and glorious 
Confederntc soldiers, and, we believe, the "best the world ever 
saw," as they have been pronounced by the present Chief Mag- 
istrate of this country. 

We come now to the reports. Wc quote first from that of 
Gen. Lee, written after he had received those of his subordi- 
nates, and based upon what was contained in them, as well as 
what he saw on the field ; and his position on the field was 
such that he could see the whole movement with distinct- 
ness. He says this in his official report: 

"Gen. Longstreet ordered forward the column of 
attack, consisting of Pickett's and Heth's Divisions in 
two lines, Pickett on the right. Wilcox's Brigade 
marched in rear of Pickett's riglit to guard that flank, 
and Heth's (commanded by Pettigrew) was supported 
by Lane's and Scales's Brigades under Gen. Trimble. 
The troops moved steadily on under a heavy fire of 
musketry and artillery, the main attack being directed 
against the enemy's left center. His batteries opened 

(Confederate l/eterap. 


as soon as they appeared. Our own, having nearly 
exhausted iheir ammunition in the protracted can- 
nonade that preceded the advance of the infantry, 
were unable to reply or render the necessary support 
to the attacking party. Owing to this fact, which 
was unknown to me when the assault took place, the 
enemy was enabled to throw a strong force of infantry 
against our left, already wavering [italics ours] un- 
der a concentrated fire of artillery from the ridge in 
front and from Cemetery Hill on the left. It (the 
left) finally gave way, and the right, after penetrating 
the enemy's lines, entering his advance works, and 
capturing some of his artillery, was attacked simulta- 
neously in front and on both flanks and driven back 
with heavy loss." 
We have only to remember that Pettigrew's Division wa.-; 
on the left and Pickett's on the right to understand clear); 
what Gen. Lee here says. 

We next quote from Gen. Longstreet's report, who \v;,s 
standing not very far from Lee and saw the whole movement. 
He says : 

"The advance was made in very handsome s